11 letter words

Abecedarian (n.) One who is learning the alphabet; hence, a tyro.

Abecedarian (n.) One engaged in teaching the alphabet.

Academicism (n.) A tenet of the Academic philosophy.

Accommodate (v. t.) To show the correspondence of; to apply or make suit by analogy; to adapt or fit, as teachings to accidental circumstances, statements to facts, etc.; as, to accommodate prophecy to events.

Acrocephaly (n.) Loftiness of skull.

Actinograph (n.) An instrument for measuring and recording the variations in the actinic or chemical force of rays of light.

Adenography (n.) That part of anatomy which describes the glands.

Adiaphorism (n.) Religious indifference.

Adiaphorist (n.) One of the German Protestants who, with Melanchthon, held some opinions and ceremonies to be indifferent or nonessential, which Luther condemned as sinful or heretical.

Adiaphorite (n.) Same as Adiaphorist.

Adiaphorous (a.) Indifferent or neutral.

Adiaphorous (a.) Incapable of doing either harm or good, as some medicines.

Aerographer (n.) One versed in aeography: an aerologist.

Aerographic (a.) Alt. of Aerographical

Aesculapius (n.) The god of medicine. Hence, a physician.

Affirmative (n.) A word or phrase expressing affirmation or assent; as, yes, that is so, etc.

Aftergrowth (n.) A second growth or crop, or (metaphorically) development.

Agnosticism (n.) The doctrine that the existence of a personal Deity, an unseen world, etc., can be neither proved nor disproved, because of the necessary limits of the human mind (as sometimes charged upon Hamilton and Mansel), or because of the insufficiency of the evidence furnished by physical and physical data, to warrant a positive conclusion (as taught by the school of Herbert Spencer); -- opposed alike dogmatic skepticism and to dogmatic theism.

Air bladder () An air sac, sometimes double or variously lobed, in the visceral cavity of many fishes. It originates in the same way as the lungs of air-breathing vertebrates, and in the adult may retain a tubular connection with the pharynx or esophagus.

Alectorides (n. pl.) A group of birds including the common fowl and the pheasants.

Alisphenoid (a.) Alt. of Alisphenoidal

Alisphenoid (n.) The alisphenoid bone.

Allomorphic (a.) Of or pertaining to allomorphism.

Allophylian (a.) Pertaining to a race or a language neither Aryan nor Semitic.

Allotropize (v. t.) To change in physical properties but not in substance.

Alphabetics (n.) The science of representing spoken sounds by letters.

Alphabetism (n.) The expression of spoken sounds by an alphabet.

Alphabetize (v. t.) To arrange alphabetically; as, to alphabetize a list of words.

Alphabetize (v. t.) To furnish with an alphabet.

Americanism (n.) A word or phrase peculiar to the United States.

Ametabolian (a.) Of or pertaining to insects that do undergo any metamorphosis.

Ametabolous (a.) Not undergoing any metamorphosis; as, ametabolic insects.

Amorphozoic (a.) Of or pertaining to the Amorphozoa.

Amphibology (n.) A phrase, discourse, or proposition, susceptible of two interpretations; and hence, of uncertain meaning. It differs from equivocation, which arises from the twofold sense of a single term.

Amphibolous (a.) Ambiguous; doubtful.

Amphibolous (a.) Capable of two meanings.

Amphibolies (pl. ) of Amphiboly

Amphicarpic (a.) Alt. of Amphicarpous

Amphichroic (a.) Exhibiting or producing two colors, as substances which in the color test may change red litmus to blue and blue litmus to red.

Amphictyons (n. pl.) Deputies from the confederated states of ancient Greece to a congress or council. They considered both political and religious matters.

Amphictyony (n.) A league of states of ancient Greece; esp. the celebrated confederation known as the Amphictyonic Council. Its object was to maintain the common interests of Greece.

Amphigamous (a.) Having a structure entirely cellular, and no distinct sexual organs; -- a term applied by De Candolle to the lowest order of plants.

Amphigenous (a.) Increasing in size by growth on all sides, as the lichens.

Amphigonous (a.) Relating to both parents.

Amphilogism (n.) Alt. of Amphilogy

Amphipneust (n.) One of a tribe of Amphibia, which have both lungs and gills at the same time, as the proteus and siren.

Amphipodous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Amphipoda.

Amphisbaena (n.) A fabled serpent with a head at each end, moving either way.

Amphisbaena (n.) A genus of harmless lizards, serpentlike in form, without legs, and with both ends so much alike that they appear to have a head at each, and ability to move either way. See Illustration in Appendix.

Amphiscians (n. pl.) The inhabitants of the tropic, whose shadows in one part of the year are cast to the north, and in the other to the south, according as the sun is south or north of their zenith.

Amphistylic (a.) Having the mandibular arch articulated with the hyoid arch and the cranium, as in the cestraciont sharks; -- said of a skull.

Amphitrocha (n.) A kind of annelid larva having both a dorsal and a ventral circle of special cilia.

Amphitropal (a.) Alt. of Amphitropous

Anamorphism (n.) A distorted image.

Anamorphism (n.) A gradual progression from one type to another, generally ascending.

Anamorphosy (n.) Same as Anamorphosis.

Anapnograph (n.) A form of spirometer.

Anapophysis (n.) An accessory process in many lumbar vertebrae.

Androgynism (n.) Union of both sexes in one individual; hermaphroditism.

Androsphinx (n.) A man sphinx; a sphinx having the head of a man and the body of a lion.

Anemography (n.) A description of the winds.

Anemography (n.) The art of recording the direction and force of the wind, as by means of an anemograph.

Angelophany (n.) The actual appearance of an angel to man.

Angiography (n.) A description of blood vessels and lymphatics.

Anglophobia (n.) Intense dread of, or aversion to, England or the English.

Anthography (n.) A description of flowers.

Anticyclone (n.) A movement of the atmosphere opposite in character, as regards direction of the wind and distribution of barometric pressure, to that of a cyclone.

Antipharmic (a.) Antidotal; alexipharmic.

Antiphonary (n.) A book containing a collection of antiphons; the book in which the antiphons of the breviary, with their musical notes, are contained.

Antiphonies (pl. ) of Antiphony

Antiphrasis (n.) The use of words in a sense opposite to their proper meaning; as when a court of justice is called a court of vengeance.

Antistrophe (n.) In Greek choruses and dances, the returning of the chorus, exactly answering to a previous strophe or movement from right to left. Hence: The lines of this part of the choral song.

Antistrophe (n.) The repetition of words in an inverse order; as, the master of the servant and the servant of the master.

Antistrophe (n.) The retort or turning of an adversary's plea against him.

Antonomasia (n.) The use of some epithet or the name of some office, dignity, or the like, instead of the proper name of the person; as when his majesty is used for a king, or when, instead of Aristotle, we say, the philosopher; or, conversely, the use of a proper name instead of an appellative, as when a wise man is called a Solomon, or an eminent orator a Cicero.

Aphaniptera (n. pl.) A group of wingless insects, of which the flea in the type. See Flea.

Aphlogistic (a.) Flameless; as, an aphlogistic lamp, in which a coil of wire is kept in a state of continued ignition by alcohol, without flame.

Aphrodisiac (a.) Alt. of Aphrodisiacal

Aphrodisiac (n.) That which (as a drug, or some kinds of food) excites to venery.

Aphrodisian (a.) Pertaining to Aphrodite or Venus. "Aphrodisian dames" [that is, courtesans].

Aplacophora (n. pl.) A division of Amphineura in which the body is naked or covered with slender spines or setae, but is without shelly plates.

Apomorphine (n.) A crystal.

Apophyllite (n.) A mineral relating to the zeolites, usually occurring in square prisms or octahedrons with pearly luster on the cleavage surface. It is a hydrous silicate of calcium and potassium.

Apostrophic (a.) Pertaining to an apostrophe, grammatical or rhetorical.

Archimedean (a.) Of or pertaining to Archimedes, a celebrated Greek philosopher; constructed on the principle of Archimedes' screw; as, Archimedean drill, propeller, etc.

Aristotelic (a.) Pertaining to Aristotle or to his philosophy.

Arrangement (n.) A piece so adapted; a transcription; as, a pianoforte arrangement of Beethoven's symphonies; an orchestral arrangement of a song, an opera, or the like.

Asphyxiated (p. p. ) Alt. of Asphyxied

Astrography (n.) The art of describing or delineating the stars; a description or mapping of the heavens.

Astrophyton (n.) A genus of ophiurans having the arms much branched.

Atmospheric (a.) Alt. of Atmospherical

Attributive (n.) A word that denotes an attribute; esp. a modifying word joined to a noun; an adjective or adjective phrase.

Autographal (a.) Autographic.

Autographic (a.) Alt. of Autographical

Automorphic (a.) Patterned after one's self.

Barracouata (n.) A voracious pikelike, marine fish, of the genus Sphyraena, sometimes used as food.

Bellerophon (n.) A genus of fossil univalve shells, believed to belong to the Heteropoda, peculiar to the Paleozoic age.

Berthierite (n.) A double sulphide of antimony and iron, of a dark steel-gray color.

Bibliograph (n.) Bibliographer.

Bibliophile (n.) A lover of books.

Bicephalous (a.) Having two heads.

Bindheimite (n.) An amorphous antimonate of lead, produced from the alteration of other ores, as from jamesonite.

Biographize (v. t.) To write a history of the life of.

Biographies (pl. ) of Biography

Bisulphuret (n.) See Bisulphide.

Blaspheming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Blaspheme

Blasphemous (a.) Speaking or writing blasphemy; uttering or exhibiting anything impiously irreverent; profane; as, a blasphemous person; containing blasphemy; as, a blasphemous book; a blasphemous caricature.

Blastocoele (n.) The cavity of the blastosphere, or segmentation cavity.

Blastophore (n.) That portion of the spermatospore which is not converted into spermatoblasts, but carries them.

Bloodletter (n.) One who, or that which, lets blood; a phlebotomist.

Boottopping (n.) The act or process of daubing a vessel's bottom near the surface of the water with a mixture of tallow, sulphur, and resin, as a temporary protection against worms, after the slime, shells, etc., have been scraped off.

Boustorphic (a.) Boustrophedonic.

Breastplate (n.) A part of the vestment of the high priest, worn upon the front of the ephod. It was a double piece of richly embroidered stuff, a span square, set with twelve precious stones, on which were engraved the names of the twelve tribes of Israel. See Ephod.

Brochantite (n.) A basic sulphate of copper, occurring in emerald-green crystals.

Cacographic (a.) Pertaining to, or characterized by, cacography; badly written or spelled.

Cacophonous (a.) Alt. of Cacophonious

Cacophonies (pl. ) of Cacophony

Calcography (n.) The art of drawing with chalk.

Calefactory (n.) A hollow sphere of metal, filled with hot water, or a chafing dish, placed on the altar in cold weather for the priest to warm his hands with.

Caligraphic (a.) See Calligraphic.

Calligraphy (n.) Fair or elegant penmanship.

Cardiagraph (n.) See Cardiograph.

Cardiograph (n.) An instrument which, when placed in contact with the chest, will register graphically the comparative duration and intensity of the heart's movements.

Cartography (n.) The art or business of forming charts or maps.

Cataphonics (n.) That branch of acoustics which treats of reflected sounds; catacoustics.

Catastrophe (n.) An event producing a subversion of the order or system of things; a final event, usually of a calamitous or disastrous nature; hence, sudden calamity; great misfortune.

Catastrophe (n.) The final event in a romance or a dramatic piece; a denouement, as a death in a tragedy, or a marriage in a comedy.

Catastrophe (n.) A violent and widely extended change in the surface of the earth, as, an elevation or subsidence of some part of it, effected by internal causes.

Cavillation (n.) Frivolous or sophistical objection.

Cementation (n.) A process which consists in surrounding a solid body with the powder of other substances, and heating the whole to a degree not sufficient to cause fusion, the physical properties of the body being changed by chemical combination with powder; thus iron becomes steel by cementation with charcoal, and green glass becomes porcelain by cementation with sand.

Cephalalgia (n.) Alt. of Cephalalgy

Cephalalgic (a.) Relating to, or affected with, headache.

Cephalalgic (n.) A remedy for the headache.

Cephalaspis (n.) A genus of fossil ganoid fishes found in the old red sandstone or Devonian formation. The head is large, and protected by a broad shield-shaped helmet prolonged behind into two lateral points.

Cephalology (n.) The science which treats of the head.

Cephalomere (n.) One of the somites (arthromeres) which make up the head of arthropods.

Cephalopode (n.) One of the Cephalopoda.

Cephalopoda (n. pl.) The highest class of Mollusca.

Cephalosome (n.) The anterior region or head of insects and other arthropods.

Cephalotome (n.) An instrument for cutting into the fetal head, to facilitate delivery.

Cephalotomy (n.) Dissection or opening of the head.

Cephalotomy (n.) Craniotomy; -- usually applied to bisection of the fetal head with a saw.

Cerebralism (n.) The doctrine or theory that psychical phenomena are functions or products of the brain only.

Cerographic (a.) Alt. of Cerographical

Cheirosophy (n.) The art of reading character as it is delineated in the hand.

Chirography (n.) The art of writing or engrossing; handwriting; as, skilled in chirography.

Chirography (n.) The art of telling fortunes by examining the hand.

Chlamyphore (n.) A small South American edentate (Chlamyphorus truncatus, and C. retusus) allied to the armadillo. It is covered with a leathery shell or coat of mail, like a cloak, attached along the spine.

Chlorophane (n.) A variety of fluor spar, which, when heated, gives a beautiful emerald green light.

Chlorophane (n.) The yellowish green pigment in the inner segment of the cones of the retina. See Chromophane.

Chlorophyll (n.) Literally, leaf green; a green granular matter formed in the cells of the leaves (and other parts exposed to light) of plants, to which they owe their green color, and through which all ordinary assimilation of plant food takes place. Similar chlorophyll granules have been found in the tissues of the lower animals.

Cholophaein (n.) See Bilirubin.

Choregraphy (n.) The art of representing dancing by signs, as music is represented by notes.

Chorography (n.) the mapping or description of a region or district.

Chromograph (n.) An apparatus by which a number of copies of written matter, maps, plans, etc., can be made; -- called also hectograph.

Chromophane (n.) A general name for the several coloring matters, red, green, yellow, etc., present in the inner segments in the cones of the retina, held in solution by fats, and slowly decolorized by light; distinct from the photochemical pigments of the rods of the retina.

Chromophore (n.) Any chemical group or residue (as NO2; N2; or O2) which imparts some decided color to the compound of which it is an ingredient.

Chronograph (n.) An instrument for measuring or recording intervals of time, upon a revolving drum or strip of paper moved by clockwork. The action of the stylus or pen is controlled by electricity.

Chronograph (n.) Same as Chronogram, 1.

Chronograph (n.) A chronoscope.

Chronoscope (n.) An instrument for measuring minute intervals of time; used in determining the velocity of projectiles, the duration of short-lived luminous phenomena, etc.

Chrysarobin (n.) A bitter, yellow substance forming the essential constituent of Goa powder, and yielding chrysophanic acid proper; hence formerly called also chrysphanic acid.

Chrysophane (n.) A glucoside extracted from rhubarb as a bitter, yellow, crystal.

Citrination (n.) The process by which anything becomes of the color of a lemon; esp., in alchemy, the state of perfection in the philosopher's stone indicated by its assuming a deep yellow color.

Clanjamfrie (n.) Same as Clamjamphrie.

Climatology (n.) The science which treats of climates and investigates their phenomena and causes.

Coccosphere (n.) A small, rounded, marine organism, capable of braking up into coccoliths.

Coleridgian (a.) Pertaining to Samuel Taylor Coleridge, or to his poetry or metaphysics.

Colophonite (n.) A coarsely granular variety of garnet.

Concordance (n.) An alphabetical verbal index showing the places in the text of a book where each principal word may be found, with its immediate context in each place.

Congo snake () An amphibian (Amphiuma means) of the order Urodela, found in the southern United States. See Amphiuma.

Constrictor (n.) A muscle which contracts or closes an orifice, or which compresses an organ; a sphincter.

Consumption (n.) A progressive wasting away of the body; esp., that form of wasting, attendant upon pulmonary phthisis and associated with cough, spitting of blood, hectic fever, etc.; pulmonary phthisis; -- called also pulmonary consumption.

Contraction (n.) Something contracted or abbreviated, as a word or phrase; -- as, plenipo for plenipotentiary; crim. con. for criminal conversation, etc.

Coprophagan (n.) A kind of beetle which feeds upon dung.

Cormophytes (n. pl.) Alt. of Cormophyta

Corypheuses (pl. ) of Corypheus

Coryphodont (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the genus Coryphodon.

Cosmography (n.) A description of the world or of the universe; or the science which teaches the constitution of the whole system of worlds, or the figure, disposition, and relation of all its parts.

Cosmosphere (n.) An apparatus for showing the position of the earth, at any given time, with respect to the fixed stars. It consist of a hollow glass globe, on which are depicted the stars and constellations, and within which is a terrestrial globe.

Cosmothetic (a.) Assuming or positing the actual existence or reality of the physical or external world.

Counterfeit (adv.) Assuming the appearance of something; false; spurious; deceitful; hypocritical; as, a counterfeit philanthropist.

Countersign (a.) A private signal, word, or phrase, which must be given in order to pass a sentry; a watchword.

Cow parsley () An umbelliferous plant of the genus Chaerophyllum (C. temulum and C. sylvestre).

Cow parsnip () A coarse umbelliferous weed of the genus Heracleum (H. sphondylium in England, and H. lanatum in America).

Crocodility (n.) A caption or sophistical mode of arguing.

Crotaphitic (n.) Pertaining to the temple; temporal.

Cryptograph (n.) Cipher; something written in cipher.

Ctenophoric (a.) Alt. of Ctenophorous

Cultivation (n.) The state of being cultivated; advancement in physical, intellectual, or moral condition; refinement; culture.

Cyclopaedia (n.) The circle or compass of the arts and sciences (originally, of the seven so-called liberal arts and sciences); circle of human knowledge. Hence, a work containing, in alphabetical order, information in all departments of knowledge, or on a particular department or branch; as, a cyclopedia of the physical sciences, or of mechanics. See Encyclopedia.

Cymophanous (a.) Having a wavy, floating light; opalescent; chatoyant.

Cyphonautes (n.) The free-swimming, bivalve larva of certain Bryozoa.

Daphnomancy (n.) Divination by means of the laurel.

Daubreelite (n.) A sulphide of chromium observed in some meteoric irons.

Deciphering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Decipher

Decipheress (n.) A woman who deciphers.

Defibrinate (v. t.) To deprive of fibrin, as fresh blood or lymph by stirring with twigs.

Degradation (n.) The state of being reduced in rank, character, or reputation; baseness; moral, physical, or intellectual degeneracy; disgrace; abasement; debasement.

Deliverance (n.) Any fact or truth which is decisively attested or intuitively known as a psychological or philosophical datum; as, the deliverance of consciousness.

Demephitize (v. t.) To purify from mephitic or foul air.

Dephlegmate (v. t.) To deprive of superabundant water, as by evaporation or distillation; to clear of aqueous matter; to rectify; -- used of spirits and acids.

Derotremata (n. pl.) The tribe of aquatic Amphibia which includes Amphiuma, Menopoma, etc. They have permanent gill openings, but no external gills; -- called also Cryptobranchiata.

Descriptive (a.) Tending to describe; having the quality of representing; containing description; as, a descriptive figure; a descriptive phrase; a descriptive narration; a story descriptive of the age.

Designation (n.) Use or application; import; intention; signification, as of a word or phrase.

Development (n.) The act of developing or disclosing that which is unknown; a gradual unfolding process by which anything is developed, as a plan or method, or an image upon a photographic plate; gradual advancement or growth through a series of progressive changes; also, the result of developing, or a developed state.

Diacoustics (n.) That branch of natural philosophy which treats of the properties of sound as affected by passing through different mediums; -- called also diaphonics. See the Note under Acoustics.

Diadelphian (a.) Alt. of Diadelphous

Diadelphous (a.) Of or pertaining to the class Diadelphia; having the stamens united into two bodies by their filaments (said of a plant or flower); grouped into two bundles or sets by coalescence of the filaments (said of stamens).

Diaglyphtic (a.) Represented or formed by depressions in the general surface; as, diaglyphic sculpture or engraving; -- opposed to anaglyphic.

Diagraphics (n.) The art or science of descriptive drawing; especially, the art or science of drawing by mechanical appliances and mathematical rule.

Diamagnetic (a.) Pertaining to, or exhibiting the phenomena of, diamagnetism; taking, or being of a nature to take, a position at right angles to the lines of magnetic force. See Paramagnetic.

Diamagnetic (n.) Any substance, as bismuth, glass, phosphorous, etc., which in a field of magnetic force is differently affected from the ordinary magnetic bodies, as iron; that is, which tends to take a position at right angles to the lines of magnetic force, and is repelled by either pole of the magnet.

Diaphaneity (n.) The quality of being diaphanous; transparency; pellucidness.

Diaphonical (a.) Diacoustic.

Diaphoresis (n.) Perspiration, or an increase of perspiration.

Diaphoretic (a.) Alt. of Diaphoretical

Diaphoretic (n.) A medicine or agent which promotes perspiration.

Diapophysis (n.) The dorsal transverse, or tubercular, process of a vertebra. See Vertebra.

Dicephalous (a.) Having two heads on one body; double-headed.

Dichromatic (a.) Having two color varieties, or two phases differing in color, independently of age or sex, as in certain birds and insects.

Diluvialist (n.) One who explains geological phenomena by the Noachian deluge.

Diophantine (a.) Originated or taught by Diophantus, the Greek writer on algebra.

Diphtherial (a.) Alt. of Diphtheric

Diphthongal (a.) Relating or belonging to a diphthong; having the nature of a diphthong.

Diphthongic (a.) Of the nature of diphthong; diphthongal.

Diphycercal (a.) Having the tail fin divided into two equal parts by the notochord, or end of the vertebral column; protocercal. See Protocercal.

Diphyozooid (n.) One of the free-swimming sexual zooids of Siphonophora.

Disulphuret (n.) See Disulphide.

Disulphuric (a.) Applied to an acid having in each molecule two atoms of sulphur in the higher state of oxidation.

Doctrinaire (n.) One who would apply to political or other practical concerns the abstract doctrines or the theories of his own philosophical system; a propounder of a new set of opinions; a dogmatic theorist. Used also adjectively; as, doctrinaire notions.

Dynamograph (n.) A dynamometer to which is attached a device for automatically registering muscular power.

Echiuroidea (n. pl.) A division of Annelida which includes the genus Echiurus and allies. They are often classed among the Gephyrea, and called the armed Gephyreans.

Electricity (n.) A power in nature, a manifestation of energy, exhibiting itself when in disturbed equilibrium or in activity by a circuit movement, the fact of direction in which involves polarity, or opposition of properties in opposite directions; also, by attraction for many substances, by a law involving attraction between surfaces of unlike polarity, and repulsion between those of like; by exhibiting accumulated polar tension when the circuit is broken.

Electricity (n.) The science which unfolds the phenomena and laws of electricity; electrical science.

Electrology (n.) That branch of physical science which treats of the phenomena of electricity and its properties.

Elephantiac (a.) Affected with elephantiasis; characteristic of elephantiasis.

Elephantine (a.) Pertaining to the elephant, or resembling an elephant (commonly, in size); hence, huge; immense; heavy; as, of elephantine proportions; an elephantine step or tread.

Elephantoid (a.) Alt. of Elephantoidal

Ellipticity (n.) Deviation of an ellipse or a spheroid from the form of a circle or a sphere; especially, in reference to the figure of the earth, the difference between the equatorial and polar semidiameters, divided by the equatorial; thus, the ellipticity of the earth is /.

Embryotroph (n.) The material from which an embryo is formed and nourished.

Emphasizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Emphasize

Emphyteusis (n.) A real right, susceptible of assignment and of descent, charged on productive real estate, the right being coupled with the enjoyment of the property on condition of taking care of the estate and paying taxes, and sometimes a small rent.

Emphyteutic (a.) Of or pertaining to an emphyteusis; as, emphyteutic lands.

Encephaloid (a.) Resembling the material of the brain; cerebriform.

Encephaloid (n.) An encephaloid cancer.

Encephalous (a.) Having a head; -- said of most Mollusca; -- opposed to acephalous.

Endophloeum (n.) The inner layer of the bark of trees.

Endophragma (n.) A chitinous structure above the nervous cord in the thorax of certain Crustacea.

Endothelium (n.) The thin epithelium lining the blood vessels, lymphatics, and serous cavities. See Epithelium.

Entomophaga (n. pl.) One of a group of hymenopterous insects whose larvae feed parasitically upon living insects. See Ichneumon, 2.

Entomophaga (n. pl.) A group of marsupials which are partly insectivorous, as the opossum.

Entomophaga (n. pl.) A group of edentates, including the ant-eaters.

Ephemerides (pl. ) of Ephemeris

Epigraphics (n.) The science or study of epigraphs.

Epigraphist (n.) A student of, or one versed in, epigraphy.

Epiphyllous (a.) Growing upon, or inserted into, the leaf.

Epiphytical (a.) Pertaining to, or having the nature of, an epiphyte.

Ethnography (n.) That branch of knowledge which has for its subject the characteristics of the human family, developing the details with which ethnology as a comparative science deals; descriptive ethnology. See Ethnology.

Eudaemonics (n.) That part of moral philosophy which treats of happiness; the science of happiness; -- contrasted with aretaics.

Euphemistic (a.) Alt. of Euphemistical

Euphemizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Euphemize

Evaporation (n.) The process by which any substance is converted from a liquid state into, and carried off in, vapor; as, the evaporation of water, of ether, of camphor.

Enerlasting (n.) A plant whose flowers may be dried without losing their form or color, as the pearly everlasting (Anaphalis margaritacea), the immortelle of the French, the cudweeds, etc.

Exclamation (n.) A loud calling or crying out; outcry; loud or emphatic utterance; vehement vociferation; clamor; that which is cried out, as an expression of feeling; sudden expression of sound or words indicative of emotion, as in surprise, pain, grief, joy, anger, etc.

Exclamation (n.) A mark or sign by which outcry or emphatic utterance is marked; thus [!]; -- called also exclamation point.

Exclamatory (a.) Containing, expressing, or using exclamation; as, an exclamatory phrase or speaker.

Exophthalmy (n.) Exophthalmia.

Exophyllous (a.) Not sheathed in another leaf.

Expectorate (v. t.) To eject from the trachea or lungs; to discharge, as phlegm or other matter, by coughing, hawking, and spitting; to spit forth.

Experienced (p. p. & a.) Taught by practice or by repeated observations; skillful or wise by means of trials, use, or observation; as, an experienced physician, workman, soldier; an experienced eye.

Exploration (n.) The act of exploring, penetrating, or ranging over for purposes of discovery, especially of geographical discovery; examination; as, the exploration of unknown countries

Exploration (n.) physical examination.

Externalism (n.) That philosophy or doctrine which recognizes or deals only with externals, or objects of sense perception; positivism; phenomenalism.

Fashionable (a.) Established or favored by custom or use; current; prevailing at a particular time; as, the fashionable philosophy; fashionable opinions.

Fatiloquent (a.) Prophetic; fatidical.

Fluorescein (n.) A yellowish red, crystal.

Freethinker (n.) One who speculates or forms opinions independently of the authority of others; esp., in the sphere or religion, one who forms opinions independently of the authority of revelation or of the church; an unbeliever; -- a term assumed by deists and skeptics in the eighteenth century.

Fulfillment (n.) The act of fulfilling; accomplishment; completion; as, the fulfillment of prophecy.

Galvanology (n.) A treatise on galvanism, or a description of its phenomena.

Ganocephala (n. pl.) A group of fossil amphibians allied to the labyrinthodonts, having the head defended by bony, sculptured plates, as in some ganoid fishes.

Gastroraphy (n.) The operation of sewing up wounds of the abdomen.

Geographies (pl. ) of Geography

Gillyflower (n.) A name given by old writers to the clove pink (Dianthus Caryophyllus) but now to the common stock (Matthiola incana), a cruciferous plant with showy and fragrant blossoms, usually purplish, but often pink or white.

Glaucophane (n.) A mineral of a dark bluish color, related to amphibole. It is characteristic of certain crystal.

Globularity (n.) The state of being globular; globosity; sphericity.

Glyphograph (n.) A plate made by glyphography, or an impression taken from such a plate.

Gonoblastid (n.) A reproductive bud of a hydroid; a simple gonophore.

Gonochorism (n.) Separation of the sexes in different individuals; -- opposed to hermaphroditism.

Gonochorism (n.) In phylogeny, the evolution of distinct sexes in species previously hermaphrodite or sexless.

Gopher wood () A species of wood used in the construction of Noah's ark.

Grandnephew (n.) The grandson of one's brother or sister.

Graphically (adv.) In a graphic manner; vividly.

Graphicness (n.) Alt. of Graphicalness

Graphiscope (n.) See Graphoscope.

Graphoscope (n.) An optical instrument for magnifying engravings, photographs, etc., usually having one large lens and two smaller ones.

Greenockite (n.) Native cadmium sulphide, a mineral occurring in yellow hexagonal crystals, also as an earthy incrustation.

Gymnoglossa (n. pl.) A division of gastropods in which the odontophore is without teeth.

Gymnophiona (n. pl.) An order of Amphibia, having a long, annulated, snakelike body. See Ophiomorpha.

Gypsography (n.) The act or art of engraving on gypsum.

Gyrostatics (n.) The doctrine or theory of the gyrostat, or of the phenomena of rotating bodies.

Haemaphaein (n.) A brownish substance sometimes found in the blood, in cases of jaundice.

Hagiographa (n. pl.) The last of the three Jewish divisions of the Old Testament, or that portion not contained in the Law and the Prophets. It comprises Psalms, Proverbs, Job, Canticles, Ruth, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther, Daniel, Ezra, Nehemiah, and Chronicles.

Hagiographa (n. pl.) The lives of the saints.

Hagiography (n.) Same Hagiographa.

Hagiologist (n.) One who treats of the sacred writings; a writer of the lives of the saints; a hagiographer.

Haliography (n.) Description of the sea; the science that treats of the sea.

Handwriting (n.) The cast or form of writing peculiar to each hand or person; chirography.

Harmoniphon (n.) An obsolete wind instrument with a keyboard, in which the sound, which resembled the oboe, was produced by the vibration of thin metallic plates, acted upon by blowing through a tube.

Helicograph (n.) An instrument for drawing spiral lines on a plane.

Heliochrome (n.) A photograph in colors.

Heliochromy (n.) The art of producing photographs in color.

Heliography (n.) Photography.

Helispheric (a.) Alt. of Helispherical

Hemimorphic (a.) Having the two ends modified with unlike planes; -- said of a crystal.

Hemiprotein (n.) An insoluble, proteid substance, described by Schutzenberger, formed when albumin is heated for some time with dilute sulphuric acid. It is apparently identical with antialbumid and dyspeptone.

Hemispheric (a.) Alt. of Hemispherical

Hemitropous (a.) Having the raphe terminating about half way between the chalaza and the orifice; amphitropous; -- said of an ovule.

Herapathite (n.) The sulphate of iodoquinine, a substance crystallizing in thin plates remarkable for their effects in polarizing light.

Hercogamous (a.) Not capable of self-fertilization; -- said of hermaphrodite flowers in which some structural obstacle forbids autogamy.

Heterophagi (n. pl.) Altrices.

Heterophemy (n.) The unconscious saying, in speech or in writing, of that which one does not intend to say; -- frequently the very reverse of the thought which is present to consciousness.

Heterophony (n.) An abnormal state of the voice.

Hierography (n.) Sacred writing.

Hieromnemon (n.) The sacred secretary or recorder sent by each state belonging to the Amphictyonic Council, along with the deputy or minister.

Hippocampus (n.) A fabulous monster, with the head and fore quarters of a horse joined to the tail of a dolphin or other fish (Hippocampus brevirostris), -- seen in Pompeian paintings, attached to the chariot of Neptune.

Hippocampus (n.) A genus of lophobranch fishes of several species in which the head and neck have some resemblance to those of a horse; -- called also sea horse.

Hippocrates (n.) A famous Greek physician and medical writer, born in Cos, about 460 B. C.

Histography (n.) A description of, or treatise on, organic tissues.

Holocephali (n. pl.) An order of elasmobranch fishes, including, among living species, only the chimaeras; -- called also Holocephala. See Chimaera; also Illustration in Appendix.

Holocryptic (a.) Wholly or completely concealing; incapable of being deciphered.

Holographic (a.) Of the nature of a holograph; pertaining to holographs.

Homographic (a.) Employing a single and separate character to represent each sound; -- said of certain methods of spelling words.

Homographic (a.) Possessing the property of homography.

Homomorphic (a.) Alt. of Homomorphous

Homophonous (a.) Originally, sounding alike; of the same pitch; unisonous; monodic.

Homophonous (a.) Now used for plain harmony, note against note, as opposed to polyphonic harmony, in which the several parts move independently, each with its own melody.

Homophonous (a.) Expressing the same sound by a different combination of letters; as, bay and bey.

Hospitalism (n.) A vitiated condition of the body, due to long confinement in a hospital, or the morbid condition of the atmosphere of a hospital.

Hyalography (n.) Art of writing or engraving on glass.

Hydrography (n.) The art of measuring and describing the sea, lakes, rivers, and other waters, with their phenomena.

Hydrography (n.) That branch of surveying which embraces the determination of the contour of the bottom of a harbor or other sheet of water, the depth of soundings, the position of channels and shoals, with the construction of charts exhibiting these particulars.

Hydrometeor (n.) A meteor or atmospheric phenomenon dependent upon the vapor of water; -- in the pl., a general term for the whole aqueous phenomena of the atmosphere, as rain, snow, hail, etc.

Hydrophobia (n.) An abnormal dread of water, said to be a symptom of canine madness; hence:

Hydrophobia (n.) The disease caused by a bite form, or inoculation with the saliva of, a rabid creature, of which the chief symptoms are, a sense of dryness and construction in the throat, causing difficulty in deglutition, and a marked heightening of reflex excitability, producing convulsions whenever the patient attempts to swallow, or is disturbed in any way, as by the sight or sound of water; rabies; canine madness.

Hydrophobic (a.) Of or pertaining to hydrophobia; producing or caused by rabies; as, hydrophobic symptoms; the hydrophobic poison.

Hyetography (n.) The branch of physical science which treats of the geographical distribution of rain.

Hygroscopic (a.) Having the property of readily inbibing moisture from the atmosphere, or of the becoming coated with a thin film of moisture, as glass, etc.

Hylophagous (a.) Eating green shoots, as certain insects do.

Hymenophore (n.) That part of a fungus which is covered with the hymenium.

Hymnography (n.) The art or act of composing hymns.

Hyperborean (a.) Northern; belonging to, or inhabiting, a region in very far north; most northern; hence, very cold; fright, as, a hyperborean coast or atmosphere.

Hypertrophy (n.) A condition of overgrowth or excessive development of an organ or part; -- the opposite of atrophy.

Hypopharynx (n.) An appendage or fold on the lower side of the pharynx, in certain insects.

Hypophysial (a.) Of or pertaining to the hypophysis; pituitary.

Hypostrophe (n.) The act of a patient turning himself.

Hypostrophe (n.) A relapse, or return of a disease.

Ichnography (n.) A horizontal section of a building or other object, showing its true dimensions according to a geometric scale; a ground plan; a map; also, the art of making such plans.

Ichthyoidal (a.) Somewhat like a fish; having some of the characteristics of fishes; -- said of some amphibians.

Iconography (n.) The art or representation by pictures or images; the description or study of portraiture or representation, as of persons; as, the iconography of the ancients.

Iconography (n.) The study of representative art in general.

Ideographic (a.) Alt. of Ideographical

Idiographic (a.) Alt. of Idiographical

Idiomatical (a.) Of or pertaining to, or conforming to, the mode of expression peculiar to a language; as, an idiomatic meaning; an idiomatic phrase.

Idiomorphic (a.) Idiomorphous.

Idiophanous (a.) Exhibiting interference figures without the aid of a polariscope, as certain crystals.

Indentation (n.)

Inheritance (n.) The act or state of inheriting; as, the inheritance of an estate; the inheritance of mental or physical qualities.

Inspiration (n.) The act of inspiring or breathing in; breath; specif. (Physiol.), the drawing of air into the lungs, accomplished in mammals by elevation of the chest walls and flattening of the diaphragm; -- the opposite of expiration.

Inspiration (n.) A supernatural divine influence on the prophets, apostles, or sacred writers, by which they were qualified to communicate moral or religious truth with authority; a supernatural influence which qualifies men to receive and communicate divine truth; also, the truth communicated.

Intensifier (n.) One who or that which intensifies or strengthens; in photography, an agent used to intensify the lights or shadows of a picture.

Investigate (v. t.) To follow up step by step by patient inquiry or observation; to trace or track mentally; to search into; to inquire and examine into with care and accuracy; to find out by careful inquisition; as, to investigate the causes of natural phenomena.

Ipecacuanha (n.) The root of a Brazilian rubiaceous herb (Cephaelis Ipecacuanha), largely employed as an emetic; also, the plant itself; also, a medicinal extract of the root. Many other plants are used as a substitutes; among them are the black or Peruvian ipecac (Psychotria emetica), the white ipecac (Ionidium Ipecacuanha), the bastard or wild ipecac (Asclepias Curassavica), and the undulated ipecac (Richardsonia scabra).

Iridioscope (n.) A kind of ophthalmoscope.

Isomorphism (n.) A similarity of crystal.

Isomorphous (a.) Having the quality of isomorphism.

Isonephelic (a.) Having, or indicating, an equal amount of cloudiness for a given period; as, isonephelic regions; an isonephelic line.

Ithyphallic (a.) Lustful; lewd; salacious; indecent; obscene.

Jeffersonia (n.) An American herb with a pretty, white, solitary blossom, and deeply two-cleft leaves (Jeffersonia diphylla); twinleaf.

Kaleidophon () Alt. of Kaleidophone

Kattinumdoo (n.) A caoutchouc like substance obtained from the milky juice of the East Indian Euphorbia Kattimundoo. It is used as a cement.

Keratophyte (n.) A gorgonian coral having a horny axis.

Kymographic (a.) Of or pertaining to a kymograph; as, a kymographic tracing.

Laemodipoda (n. pl.) A division of amphipod Crustacea, in which the abdomen is small or rudimentary and the legs are often reduced to five pairs. The whale louse, or Cyamus, and Caprella are examples.

Lamentation (n.) A book of the Old Testament attributed to the prophet Jeremiah, and taking its name from the nature of its contents.

Lacasterian (a.) Of or pertaining to the monitorial system of instruction followed by Joseph Lancaster, of England, in which advanced pupils in a school teach pupils below them.

Leadhillite (n.) A mineral of a yellowish or greenish white color, consisting of the sulphate and carbonate of lead; -- so called from having been first found at Leadhills, Scotland.

Leatherback (n.) A large sea turtle (Sphargis coriacea), having no bony shell on its back. It is common in the warm and temperate parts of the Atlantic, and sometimes weighs over a thousand pounds; -- called also leather turtle, leathery turtle, leather-backed tortoise, etc.

Leptocardia (n. pl.) The lowest class of Vertebrata, including only the Amphioxus. The heart is represented only by a simple pulsating vessel. The blood is colorless; the brain, renal organs, and limbs are wanting, and the backbone is represented only by a simple, unsegmented notochord. See Amphioxus.

Leucosphere (n.) The inner corona.

Lexigraphic (a.) Of or pertaining to lexigraphy.

Lexipharmic (a.) See Alexipharmic.

Libethenite (n.) A mineral of an olive-green color, commonly in orthorhombic crystals. It is a hydrous phosphate of copper.

Lipocephala (n. pl.) Same as Lamellibranchia.

Lithodomous (a.) Like, or pertaining to, Lithodomus; lithophagous.

Lithography (n.) The art or process of putting designs or writing, with a greasy material, on stone, and of producing printed impressions therefrom. The process depends, in the main, upon the antipathy between grease and water, which prevents a printing ink containing oil from adhering to wetted parts of the stone not covered by the design. See Lithographic limestone, under Lithographic.

Lithophytic (a.) Of or pertaining to lithophytes.

Loellingite (n.) A tin-white arsenide of iron, isomorphous with arsenopyrite.

Logographer (n.) A chronicler; one who writes history in a condensed manner with short simple sentences.

Logographer (n.) One skilled in logography.

Logographic (a.) Alt. of Logographical

Lophobranch (a.) Of or pertaining to the Lophobranchii.

Lophobranch (n.) One of the Lophobranchii.

Lophosteons (pl. ) of Lophosteon

lucernarida (n. pl.) A division of acalephs, including Lucernaria and allied genera; -- called also Calycozoa.

lucernarida (n. pl.) A more extensive group of acalephs, including both the true lucernarida and the Discophora.

Lunicurrent (a.) Having relation to changes in currents that depend on the moon's phases.

Lyencephala (n. pl.) A group of Mammalia, including the marsupials and monotremes; -- so called because the corpus callosum is rudimentary.

Lymphangial (a.) Of or pertaining to the lymphatics, or lymphoid tissue; lymphatic.

Lymphogenic (a.) Connected with, or formed in, the lymphatic glands.

Malpractice (n.) Evil practice; illegal or immoral conduct; practice contrary to established rules; specifically, the treatment of a case by a surgeon or physician in a manner which is contrary to accepted rules and productive of unfavorable results.

Materialist (n.) One who denies the existence of spiritual substances or agents, and maintains that spiritual phenomena, so called, are the result of some peculiar organization of matter.

Mediastinum (n.) A partition; a septum; specifically, the folds of the pleura (and the space included between them) which divide the thorax into a right and left cavity. The space included between these folds of the pleura, called the mediastinal space, contains the heart and gives passage to the esophagus and great blood vessels.

Melanterite (n.) A hydrous sulphate of iron of a green color and vitreous luster; iron vitriol.

Meliphagous (a.) Eating, or feeding upon, honey.

Melliphagan (n.) See Meliphagan.

Mesonephric (a.) Of or pertaining to the mesonephros; as, the mesonephric, or Wolffian, duct.

Mesonephros (n.) The middle one of the three pairs of embryonic renal organs developed in most vertebrates; the Wolffian body.

Mesophyllum (n.) The parenchyma of a leaf between the skin of the two surfaces.

Metachloral (n.) A white, amorphous, insoluble substance regarded as a polymeric variety of chloral.

Metagraphic (a.) By or pertaining to metagraphy.

Metamorphic (a.) Subject to change; changeable; variable.

Metamorphic (a.) Causing a change of structure.

Metamorphic (a.) Pertaining to, produced by, or exhibiting, certain changes which minerals or rocks may have undergone since their original deposition; -- especially applied to the recrystallization which sedimentary rocks have undergone through the influence of heat and pressure, after which they are called metamorphic rocks.

Metanephros (n.) The most posterior of the three pairs of embryonic renal organs developed in many vertebrates.

Metaphorist (n.) One who makes metaphors.

Metaphrased (a.) Translated literally.

Metaphrasis (n.) Metaphrase.

Metaphysics (n.) The science of real as distinguished from phenomenal being; ontology; also, the science of being, with reference to its abstract and universal conditions, as distinguished from the science of determined or concrete being; the science of the conceptions and relations which are necessarily implied as true of every kind of being; phylosophy in general; first principles, or the science of first principles.

Metaphysics (n.) Hence: The scientific knowledge of mental phenomena; mental philosophy; psychology.

Metastannic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, a compound of tin (metastannic acid), obtained, as an isomeric modification of stannic acid, in the form of a white amorphous substance.

Metasternum (n.) The most posterior element of the sternum; the ensiform process; xiphisternum.

Metavanadic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a vanadic acid analogous to metaphosphoric acid.

Meteorology (n.) The science which treats of the atmosphere and its phenomena, particularly of its variations of heat and moisture, of its winds, storms, etc.

Metopomancy (n.) Fortune telling by physiognomy.

Metoposcopy (n.) The study of physiognomy; the art of discovering the character of persons by their features, or the lines of the face.

Micrococcus (n.) A genus of Spherobacteria, in the form of very small globular or oval cells, forming, by transverse division, filaments, or chains of cells, or in some cases single organisms shaped like dumb-bells (Diplococcus), all without the power of motion. See Illust. of Ascoccus.

Micrography (n.) The description of microscopic objects.

Microphytal (a.) Pertaining to, or of the nature of, microphytes.

Mimographer (n.) A writer of mimes.

Mineralizer (n.) An element which is combined with a metal, thus forming an ore. Thus, in galena, or lead ore, sulphur is a mineralizer; in hematite, oxygen is a mineralizer.

Misanthropy (n.) Hatred of, or dislike to, mankind; -- opposed to philanthropy.

Molybdenite (n.) A mineral occurring in soft, lead-gray, foliated masses or scales, resembling graphite; sulphide of molybdenum.

Monadelphia (n. pl.) A Linnaean class of plants having the stamens united into a tube, or ring, by the filaments, as in the Mallow family.

Monocardian (a.) Having a single heart, as fishes and amphibians.

Monoclinous (a.) Hermaphrodite, or having both stamens and pistils in every flower.

Monocrotism (n.) That condition of the pulse in which the pulse curve or sphygmogram shows but a single crest, the dicrotic elevation entirely disappearing.

Monodelphia (n. pl.) The group that includes all ordinary or placental mammals; the Placentalia. See Mammalia.

Monodelphic (a.) Alt. of Monodelphous

Monogenesis (n.) The direct development of an embryo, without metamorphosis, into an organism similar to the parent organism; -- opposed to metagenesis.

Monogenetic (a.) Relating to, or involving, monogenesis; as, the monogenetic school of physiologists, who admit but one cell as the source of all beings.

Monographer (n.) A writer of a monograph.

Monographic (a.) Alt. of Monographical

Monomorphic (a.) Alt. of Monomorphous

Monomphalus (n.) A form of double monster, in which two individuals are united by a common umbilicus.

Monophanous (a.) Having one and the same appearance; having a mutual resemblance.

Monophthong (n.) A single uncompounded vowel sound.

Monophthong (n.) A combination of two written vowels pronounced as one; a digraph.

Monophysite (n.) One of a sect, in the ancient church, who maintained that the human and divine in Jesus Christ constituted but one composite nature. Also used adjectively.

Monostrophe (n.) A metrical composition consisting of a single strophe.

Monothelite (n.) One of an ancient sect who held that Christ had but one will as he had but one nature. Cf. Monophysite.

Monseigneur (n.) My lord; -- a title in France of a person of high birth or rank; as, Monseigneur the Prince, or Monseigneur the Archibishop. It was given, specifically, to the dauphin, before the Revolution of 1789. (Abbrev. Mgr.)

Montgolfier (n.) A balloon which ascends by the buoyancy of air heated by a fire; a fire balloon; -- so called from two brothers, Stephen and Joseph Montgolfier, of France, who first constructed and sent up a fire balloon.

Morphologic (a.) Alt. of Morphological

Morphophyly (n.) The tribal history of forms; that part of phylogeny which treats of the tribal history of forms, in distinction from the tribal history of functions.

Multivalent (a.) Having more than one degree of valence, as sulphur.

Myodynamics (n.) The department of physiology which deals with the principles of muscular contraction; the exercise of muscular force or contraction.

Napha water () A perfume distilled from orange flowers.

Naphthalate (n.) A salt of naphthalic acid; a phthalate.

Naphthalene (n.) A white crystal.

Naphthaline (n.) See Naphthalene.

Naphthalize (v. t.) To mingle, saturate, or impregnate, with naphtha.

Necessarian (n.) An advocate of the doctrine of philosophical necessity; a nacessitarian.

Necrobiosis (n.) The death of a part by molecular disintegration and without loss of continuity, as in the processes of degeneration and atrophy.

Necrobiotic (a.) Of or pertaining to necrobiosis; as, a necrobiotic metamorphosis.

Necrophagan (a.) Eating carrion.

Necrophagan (n.) Any species of a tribe (Necrophaga) of beetles which, in the larval state, feed on carrion; a burying beetle.

Necrophobia (n.) An exaggerated fear of death or horror of dead bodies.

Nematophora (n. pl.) Same as Coelenterata.

Nemophilist (n.) One who is fond of forest or forest scenery; a haunter of the woods.

Nephritical (a.) Of or pertaining to the kidneys or urinary organs; renal; as, a nephritic disease.

Nephritical (a.) Affected with a disease of the kidneys; as, a nephritic patient.

Nephritical (a.) Relieving disorders of the kidneys; affecting the kidneys; as, a nephritic medicine.

Nephrostome (n.) The funnelshaped opening of a nephridium into the body cavity.

Neurography (n.) A description of the nerves.

Nicotianine (n.) A white waxy substance having a hot, bitter taste, extracted from tobacco leaves and called also tobacco camphor.

Nightingale (n.) A larger species (Lucinia philomela), of Eastern Europe, having similar habits; the thrush nightingale. The name is also applied to other allied species.

Nonemphatic (a.) Alt. of Nonemphatical

Nonmetallic (a.) Resembling, or possessing the properties of, a nonmetal or metalloid; as, sulphur is a nonmetallic element.

Nympholepsy (n.) A species of demoniac enthusiasm or possession coming upon one who had accidentally looked upon a nymph; ecstasy.

Nymphomania (n.) Morbid and uncontrollable sexual desire in women, constituting a true disease.

Actinophone (n.) An apparatus for the production of sound by the action of the actinic, or ultraviolet, rays.

Allotrophic (a.) Changed or modified in nutritive power by the process of digestion.

Allotrophic (a.) Dependent upon other organisms for nutrition; heterotrophic; -- said of plants unable to perform photosynthesis, as all saprophytes; -- opposed to autotrophic.

Alpha paper () A sensitized paper for obtaining positives by artificial light. It is coated with gelatin containing silver bromide and chloride.

Anthracosis (n.) A chronic lung disease, common among coal miners, due to the inhalation of coal dust; -- called also collier's lung and miner's phthisis.

Anticoherer (n.) A device, one form of which consists of a scratched deposit of silver on glass, used in connection with the receiving apparatus for reading wireless signals. The electric waves falling on this contrivance increase its resistance several times. The anticoherer can be used in conjunction with a telephone.

Antimonsoon (n.) The upper, contrary-moving current of the atmosphere over a monsoon.

Ascomycetes (n. pl.) A large class of higher fungi distinguished by septate hyphae, and by having their spores formed in asci, or spore sacs. It comprises many orders, among which are the yeasts, molds, mildews, truffles, morels, etc.

Autocoherer (n.) A self-restoring coherer, as a microphonic detector.

Autotrophic (a.) Capable of self-nourishment; -- said of all plants in which photosynthetic activity takes place, as opposed to parasitism or saprophytism.

Auxetophone (n.) A pneumatic reproducer for a phonograph, controlled by the recording stylus on the principle of the relay. It produces much clearer and louder tones than does the ordinary vibrating disk reproducer.

Biodynamics (n.) The branch of biology which treats of the active vital phenomena of organisms; -- opposed to biostatics.

Blepharitis (n.) Inflammation of the eyelids.

Brontograph (n.) A tracing or chart showing the phenomena attendant on thunderstorms.

Brontograph (n.) An instrument for making such tracings, as a recording brontometer.

Brontometer (n.) An instrument for noting or recording phenomena attendant on thunderstorms.

Cephalalgia (n.) Headache.

Cephalalgic (a.) Relating to, or affected with, headache.

Cephalalgic (n.) A remedy for the headache.

Chemigraphy (n.) Any mechanical engraving process depending upon chemical action; specif., a process of zinc etching not employing photography.

Chloroplast (n.) A plastid containing chlorophyll, developed only in cells exposed to the light. Chloroplasts are minute flattened granules, usually occurring in great numbers in the cytoplasm near the cell wall, and consist of a colorless ground substance saturated with chlorophyll pigments. Under light of varying intensity they exhibit phototactic movements. In animals chloroplasts occur only in certain low forms.

Cinemograph (n.) An integrating anemometer.

Comptograph (n.) A machine for adding numbers and making a printed record of the sum.

Extravasate (v. t.) To pass by infiltration or effusion from the normal channel, such as a blood vessel or a lymphatic, into the surrounding tissue; -- said of blood, lymph, etc.

Facultative (a.) Having the power to live under different conditions; as, a facultative parasite, a plant which is normally saprophytic, but which may exist wholly or in part as a parasite; -- opposed to obligate.

Fluviograph (n.) An instrument for measuring and recording automatically the rise and fall of a river.

Gametophyte (n.) In the alternation of generations in plants, that generation or phase which bears sex organs. In the lower plants, as the algae, the gametophyte is the conspicuous part of the plant body; in mosses it is the so-called moss plant; in ferns it is reduced to a small, early perishing body; and in seed plants it is usually microscopic or rudimentary.

Graphophone (n.) A kind of photograph.

Graphoscope (n.) An optical device for showing (or photographing) an image when projected upon the atmosphere as a screen.

Heliography (n.) The description of the sun.

Heliography (n.) The system, art, or practice of telegraphing, or signaling, with the heliograph.

Heliography (n.) An early photographic process invented by Nicephore Niepce, and still used in photo-engraving. It consists essentially in exposing under a design or in a camera a polished metal plate coated with a preparation of asphalt, and subsequently treating the plate with a suitable solvent. The light renders insoluble those parts of the film which is strikes, and so a permanent image is formed, which can be etched upon the plate by the use of acid.

Hydrosphere (n.) The aqueous vapor of the entire atmosphere.

Hydrosphere (n.) The aqueous envelope of the earth, including the ocean, all lakes, streams, and underground waters, and the aqueous vapor in the atmosphere.

Kinetograph (n.) A camera for making chronophotographs.

Kinetograph (n.) A machine for the projection of chronophotographs upon a screen for the purpose of producing the effect of an animated picture.

Kinetograph (n.) A combined animated-picture machine and phonograph in which sounds appropriate to the scene are automatically uttered by the latter instrument.

Kinetophone (n.) A machine combining a kinetoscope and a phonograph synchronized so as to reproduce a scene and its accompanying sounds.

Lithosphere (n.) The solid earth as distinguished from its fluid envelopes, the hydrosphere and atmosphere.

Lithosphere (n.) The outer part of the solid earth, the portion undergoing change through the gradual transfer of material by volcanic eruption, the circulation of underground water, and the process of erosion and deposition. It is, therefore, regarded as a third mobile envelope comparable with the hydrosphere and atmosphere.

Macrography (n.) Examination or study with the naked eye, as distinguished from micrography.

Micrography (n.) Examination or study by means of the microscope, as of an etched surface of metal to determine its structure.

Microphonic (a.) Of or pert. to a microphone; serving to intensify weak sounds.

Myxomycetes (n. pl.) A class of peculiar organisms, the slime molds, formerly regarded as animals (Mycetozoa), but now generally thought to be plants and often separated as a distinct phylum (Myxophyta). They are found on damp earth and decaying vegetable matter, and consist of naked masses of protoplasm, often of considerable size, which creep very slowly over the surface and ingest solid food.

Neanderthal (a.) Of, pertaining to, or named from, the Neanderthal, a valley in the Rhine Province, in which were found parts of a skeleton of an early type of man. The skull is characterized by extreme dolichocephaly, flat, retreating forehead, with closed frontal sutures, and enormous superciliary ridges. The cranial capacity is estimated at about 1,220 cubic centimeters, being about midway between that of the Pithecanthropus and modern man.

Neutrophile (n.) Alt. of Neutrophil

Oscillogram (n.) An autographic record made by an oscillograph.

Para rubber () The caoutchouc obtained from the South American euphorbiaceous tree Hevea brasiliensis, hence called the Para rubber tree, from the Brazilian river and seaport named Para; also, the similar product of other species of Hevea. It is usually exported in flat round cakes, and is a chief variety of commercial India rubber.

Planogamete (n.) One of the motile ciliated gametes, or zoogametes, found in isogamous plants, as many green algae (Chlorophyceae).

Pluviograph (n.) A self-registering rain gauge.

Pyrogravure (n.) Pyrography; also, a design or picture made by pyrography.

Radiography (n.) Art or process of making radiographs.

Raffia palm () A pinnate-leaved palm (Raphia ruffia) native of Madagascar, and of considerable economic importance on account of the strong fiber (raffia) obtained from its leafstalks.

Rejuvenated (p. a.) Developed with steep slopes inside a district previously worn down nearly to base level; -- said of topography, or features of topography, as valleys, hills, etc.

Spectrogram (n.) A photograph, map, or diagram of a spectrum.

Techniphone (n.) A dumb gymnastic apparatus for training the hands of pianists and organists, as to a legato touch.

Telautogram (n.) A message transmitted and recorded by a teleautograph.

Tenorrhaphy (n.) Suture of a tendon.

Thallophyta (n. pl.) A phylum of plants of very diverse habit and structure, including the algae, fungi, and lichens. The simpler forms, as many blue-green algae, yeasts, etc., are unicellular and reproduce vegetatively or by means of asexual spores; in the higher forms the plant body is a thallus, which may be filamentous or may consist of plates of cells; it is commonly undifferentiated into stem, leaves, and roots, and shows no distinct tissue systems.

Thallophyte (n.) A plant belonging to the Thallophyta.

Thermophone (n.) A portable form of telethermometer, using a telephone in connection with a differential thermometer.

Thermophone (n.) A telephone involving heat effects, as changes in temperature

Thermophore (n.) An apparatus for conveying heat, as a case containing material which retains its heat for a considerable period.

Vinegarroon (n.) A whip scorpion, esp. a large Mexican species (Thelyphonus giganteus) popularly supposed to be very venomous; -- from the odor that it emits when alarmed.

Voluntarism (n.) Any theory which conceives will to be the dominant factor in experience or in the constitution of the world; -- contrasted with intellectualism. Schopenhauer and Fichte are typical exponents of the two types of metaphysical voluntarism, Schopenhauer teaching that the evolution of the universe is the activity of a blind and irrational will, Fichte holding that the intelligent activity of the ego is the fundamental fact of reality.

Observatory (n.) A building fitted with instruments for making systematic observations of any particular class or series of natural phenomena.

Odontograph (n.) An instrument for marking or laying off the outlines of teeth of gear wheels.

Odontophora (n.pl.) Same as Cephalophora.

Odontophore (n.) A special structure found in the mouth of most mollusks, except bivalves. It consists of several muscles and a cartilage which supports a chitinous radula, or lingual ribbon, armed with teeth. Also applied to the radula alone. See Radula.

Oenophilist (n.) A lover of wine.

Oenothionic (a.) Pertaining to an acid now called sulphovinic, / ethyl sulphuric, acid.

Oesophageal (a.) Same as Esophagus, Esophageal, etc.

Omphalocele (n.) A hernia at the navel.

Omphalopter (n.) Alt. of Omphaloptic

Omphaloptic (n.) An optical glass that is convex on both sides.

Omphalotomy (n.) The operation of dividing the navel-string.

Ontogenetic (a.) Of or pertaining to ontogenesis; as, ontogenetic phenomena.

Onychophora (n. pl.) Malacopoda.

Oophoridium (n.) The macrosporangium or case for the larger kind of spores in heterosporous flowerless plants.

Ophiologist (n.) One versed in the natural history of serpents.

Ophiomorpha (n. pl.) An order of tailless amphibians having a slender, wormlike body with regular annulations, and usually with minute scales imbedded in the skin. The limbs are rudimentary or wanting. It includes the caecilians. Called also Gymnophiona and Ophidobatrachia.

Ophiophagus (n.) A genus of venomous East Indian snakes, which feed on other snakes. Ophiophagus elaps is said to be the largest and most deadly of poisonous snakes.

Ophiuroidea (n. pl.) A class of star-shaped echinoderms having a disklike body, with slender, articulated arms, which are not grooved beneath and are often very fragile; -- called also Ophiuroida and Ophiuridea. See Illust. under Brittle star.

Ophthalmite (n.) An eyestalk; the organ which bears the compound eyes of decapod Crustacea.

Orbiculated (a.) Made, or being, in the form of an orb; having a circular, or nearly circular, or a spheroidal, outline.

Orbitonasal (a.) Of or pertaining to the orbit and the nose; as, the orbitonasal, or ophthalmic, nerve.

Oreographic (a.) Of or pertaining to oreography.

Organophyly (n.) The tribal history of organs, -- a branch of morphophyly.

Orthography (n.) The art or practice of writing words with the proper letters, according to standard usage; conventionally correct spelling; also, mode of spelling; as, his orthography is vicious.

Orthography (n.) The part of grammar which treats of the letters, and of the art of spelling words correctly.

Orthography (n.) A drawing in correct projection, especially an elevation or a vertical section.

Osteography (n.) The description of bones; osteology.

Oxysulphide (n.) A ternary compound of oxygen and sulphur.

Paleography (n.) An ancient manner of writing; ancient writings, collectively; as, Punic paleography.

Paleography (n.) The study of ancient inscriptions and modes of writing; the art or science of deciphering ancient writings, and determining their origin, period, etc., from external characters; diplomatics.

Palingenesy (n.) That form of evolution in which the truly ancestral characters conserved by heredity are reproduced in development; original simple descent; -- distinguished from kenogenesis. Sometimes, in zoology, the abrupt metamorphosis of insects, crustaceans, etc.

Pamphleteer (n.) A writer of pamphlets; a scribbler.

Pamphleteer (v. i.) To write or publish pamphlets.

Pansophical (a.) All-wise; claiming universal knowledge; as, pansophical pretenders.

Pantography (n.) A general description; entire view of an object.

Papyrograph (n.) An apparatus for multiplying writings, drawings, etc., in which a paper stencil, formed by writing or drawing with corrosive ink, is used. The word is also used of other means of multiplying copies of writings, drawings, etc. See Copygraph, Hectograph, Manifold.

Paracelsian (a.) Of, pertaining to, or in conformity with, the practice of Paracelsus, a Swiss physician of the 15th century.

Paragraphed (imp. & p. p.) of Paragraph

Paragrapher (n.) A writer of paragraphs; a paragraphist.

Paragraphic (a.) Alt. of Paragraphical

Paranymphal (a.) Bridal; nuptial.

Paraphernal (a.) Of or pertaining to paraphernalia; as, paraphernal property.

Paraphrased (imp. & p. p.) of Paraphrase

Paraphraser (n.) One who paraphrases.

Parasitical (a.) Of the nature of a parasite; fawning for food or favors; sycophantic.

Parenthesis (n.) A word, phrase, or sentence, by way of comment or explanation, inserted in, or attached to, a sentence which would be grammatically complete without it. It is usually inclosed within curved lines (see def. 2 below), or dashes.

Parenthesis (n.) One of the curved lines () which inclose a parenthetic word or phrase.

Paroophoron (n.) A small mass of tubules near the ovary in some animals, and corresponding with the parepididymis of the male.

Pasigraphic (a.) Alt. of Pasigraphical

Pectostraca (n. pl.) A degenerate order of Crustacea, including the Rhizocephala and Cirripedia.

Percomorphi (n. pl.) A division of fishes including the perches and related kinds.

Periodicity (n.) The quality or state of being periodical, or regularly recurrent; as, the periodicity in the vital phenomena of plants.

Peripatetic (a.) Of or pertaining to the philosophy taught by Aristotle (who gave his instructions while walking in the Lyceum at Athens), or to his followers.

Peripheries (pl. ) of Periphery

Periphrased (imp. & p. p.) of Periphrase

Periphrases (pl. ) of Periphrasis

Periphrasis (n.) See Periphrase.

Perispheric (a.) Alt. of Perispherical

Persulphate (n.) A sulphate of the peroxide of any base.

Persulphide (n.) A sulphide containing more sulphur than some other compound of the same elements; as, iron pyrites is a persulphide; -- formerly called persulphuret.

Petroglyphy (n.) The art or operation of carving figures or inscriptions on rock or stone.

Petrography (n.) The art of writing on stone.

Petrography (n.) The scientific description of rocks; that department of science which investigates the constitution of rocks; petrology.

Phaenogamia (n. pl.) The class of flowering plants including all which have true flowers with distinct floral organs; phanerogamia.

Phalanstere (n.) A phalanstery.

Phantascope (n.) An optical instrument or toy, resembling the phenakistoscope, and illustrating the same principle; -- called also phantasmascope.

Pharyngitis (n.) Inflammation of the pharynx.

Phenomenist (n.) One who believes in the theory of phenomenalism.

Phenylamine (n.) Any one of certain class of organic bases regarded as formed from ammonia by the substitution of phenyl for hydrogen.

Philatelist (n.) One versed in philately; one who collects postage stamps.

Philhellene (n.) A friend of Greece, or of the Greeks; a philhellenist.

Phillygenin (n.) A pearly crystal.

Philologian (n.) A philologist.

Philologist (n.) One versed in philology.

Philomathic (a.) Of or pertaining to philomathy.

Philosopher (n.) One who philosophizes; one versed in, or devoted to, philosophy.

Philosopher (n.) One who reduces the principles of philosophy to practice in the conduct of life; one who lives according to the rules of practical wisdom; one who meets or regards all vicissitudes with calmness.

Philosopher (n.) An alchemist.

Philosophic (a.) Alt. of Philosophical

Phlegmonous (a.) Having the nature or properties of phlegmon; as, phlegmonous pneumonia.

Phlogistian (n.) A believer in the existence of phlogiston.

Phonetician (n.) One versed in phonetics; a phonetist.

Phonography (n.) A description of the laws of the human voice, or sounds uttered by the organs of speech.

Phonography (n.) A representation of sounds by distinctive characters; commonly, a system of shorthand writing invented by Isaac Pitman, or a modification of his system, much used by reporters.

Phonography (n.) The art of constructing, or using, the phonograph.

Phonologist (n.) One versed in phonology.

Phonotypist (n.) One versed in phonotypy.

Phosphonium (n.) The hypothetical radical PH4, analogous to ammonium, and regarded as the nucleus of certain derivatives of phosphine.

Phosphorate (v. t.) To impregnate, or combine, with phosphorus or its compounds; as, phosphorated oil.

Phosphorite (n.) A massive variety of apatite.

Phosphorize (v. t.) To phosphorate.

Phosphorous (a.) Of or pertaining to phosphorus; resembling or containing phosphorus; specifically, designating those compounds in which phosphorus has a lower valence as contrasted with phosphoric compounds; as, phosphorous acid, H3PO3.

Photobiotic (a.) Requiring light to live; incapable of living without light; as, photobiotic plant cells.

Photochromy (n.) The art or process of reproducing colors by photography.

Photoglyphy (n.) Photoglyphic engraving. See under Photoglyphic.

Photography (n.) The science which relates to the action of light on sensitive bodies in the production of pictures, the fixation of images, and the like.

Photography (n.) The art or process of producing pictures by this action of light.

Photophobia (n.) A dread or intolerance of light.

Photophonic (a.) Of or pertaining to photophone.

Photorelief (n.) A printing surface in relief, obtained by photographic means and subsequent manipulations.

Photoscopic (a.) Of or pertaining to the photoscope or its uses.

Photosphere (n.) A sphere of light; esp., the luminous envelope of the sun.

Phraseogram (n.) A symbol for a phrase.

Phraseology (n.) A collection of phrases; a phrase book.

Phrenetical (a.) Relating to phrenitis; suffering from frenzy; delirious; mad; frantic; frenetic.

Phrenograph (n.) An instrument for registering the movements of the diaphragm, or midriff, in respiration.

Phrenologer (n.) A phrenologist.

Phthalimide (n.) An imido derivative of phthalic acid, obtained as a white crystal.

Phycography (n.) A description of seaweeds.

Phylactered (a.) Wearing a phylactery.

Physicianed (a.) Licensed as a physician.

Physiognomy (n.) The general appearance or aspect of a thing, without reference to its scientific characteristics; as, the physiognomy of a plant, or of a meteor.

Physiologer (n.) A physiologist.

Physiophyly (n.) The tribal history of the functions, or the history of the paleontological development of vital activities, -- being a branch of phylogeny. See Morphophyly.

Physophorae (n. pl.) An order of Siphonophora, furnished with an air sac, or float, and a series of nectocalyces. See Illust. under Nectocalyx.

Phytelephas (n.) A genus of South American palm trees, the seeds of which furnish the substance called vegetable ivory.

Phytivorous (a.) Feeding on plants or herbage; phytophagous; as, phytivorous animals.

Phytoglyphy (n.) See Nature printing, under Nature.

Phytography (n.) The science of describing plants in a systematic manner; also, a description of plants.

Phytologist (n.) One skilled in phytology; a writer on plants; a botanist.

Phytophagic (a.) Phytophagous.

Phytotomist (n.) One versed in phytotomy.

Picturesque (a.) Forming, or fitted to form, a good or pleasing picture; representing with the clearness or ideal beauty appropriate to a picture; expressing that peculiar kind of beauty which is agreeable in a picture, natural or artificial; graphic; vivid; as, a picturesque scene or attitude; picturesque language.

Pilocarpine (n.) An alkaloid extracted from jaborandi (Pilocarpus pennatifolius) as a white amorphous or crystal.

Pissasphalt (n.) Earth pitch; a soft, black bitumen of the consistence of tar, and of a strong smell. It is inflammable, and intermediate between petroleum and asphalt.

Planisphere (n.) The representation of the circles of the sphere upon a plane; especially, a representation of the celestial sphere upon a plane with adjustable circles, or other appendages, for showing the position of the heavens, the time of rising and setting of stars, etc., for any given date or hour.

Platinotype (n.) A permanent photographic picture or print in platinum black.

Pleomorphic (a.) Pertaining to pleomorphism; as, the pleomorphic character of bacteria.

Pneumograph (n.) Same as Pneumatograph.

Pneumophora (n. pl.) A division of holothurians having an internal gill, or respiratory tree.

Podophyllin (n.) A brown bitter gum extracted from the rootstalk of the May apple (Podophyllum peltatum). It is a complex mixture of several substances.

Podophyllum (n.) A genus of herbs of the Barberry family, having large palmately lobed peltate leaves and solitary flower. There are two species, the American Podohyllum peltatum, or May apple, the Himalayan P. Emodi.

Podophyllum (n.) The rhizome and rootlet of the May apple (Podophyllum peltatum), -- used as a cathartic drug.

Polycrotism (n.) That state or condition of the pulse in which the pulse curve, or sphygmogram, shows several secondary crests or elevations; -- contrasted with monocrotism and dicrotism.

Polygenetic (a.) Of or pertaining to polygenesis; polyphyletic.

Polygraphic (a.) Alt. of Polygraphical

Polymorphic (a.) Polymorphous.

Polyphagous (a.) Eating, or subsisting on, many kinds of food; as, polyphagous animals.

Polyphonism (n.) Polyphony.

Polyphonist (n.) A proficient in the art of multiplying sounds; a ventriloquist.

Polyphonist (n.) A master of polyphony; a contrapuntist.

Polyphonous (a.) Same as Polyphonic.

Pornography (n.) Licentious painting or literature; especially, the painting anciently employed to decorate the walls of rooms devoted to bacchanalian orgies.

Pornography (n.) A treatise on prostitutes, or prostitution.

Porphyritic (a.) Relating to, or resembling, porphyry, that is, characterized by the presence of distinct crystals, as of feldspar, quartz, or augite, in a relatively fine-grained base, often aphanitic or cryptocrystalline.

Pragmatical (a.) Philosophical; dealing with causes, reasons, and effects, rather than with details and circumstances; -- said of literature.

Precipitate (v. t.) To separate from a solution, or other medium, in the form of a precipitate; as, water precipitates camphor when in solution with alcohol.

Precoracoid (n.) The anterior part of the coracoid (often closely united with the clavicle) in the shoulder girdle of many reptiles and amphibians.

Predicrotic (a.) A term applied to the pulse wave sometimes seen in a pulse curve or sphygmogram, between the apex of the curve and the dicrotic wave.

Preposition (n.) A word employed to connect a noun or a pronoun, in an adjectival or adverbial sense, with some other word; a particle used with a noun or pronoun (in English always in the objective case) to make a phrase limiting some other word; -- so called because usually placed before the word with which it is phrased; as, a bridge of iron; he comes from town; it is good for food; he escaped by running.

Presphenoid (a.) Situated in front of the sphenoid bone; of or pertaining to the anterior part of the sphenoid bone (i. e., the presphenoid bone).

Presphenoid (n.) The presphenoid bone.

Priapulacea (n. pl.) A suborder of Gephyraea, having a cylindrical body with a terminal anal opening, and usually with one or two caudal gills.

Proboscidea (n. pl.) An order of large mammals including the elephants and mastodons.

Procephalic (a.) Pertaining to, or forming, the front of the head.

Procerebrum (n.) The prosencephalon.

Proostracum (n.) The anterior prolongation of the guard of the phragmocone of belemnites and allied fossil cephalopods, whether horny or calcareous. See Illust. of Phragmocone.

Prophesying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prophesy

Prophetical (a.) Containing, or pertaining to, prophecy; foretelling events; as, prophetic writings; prophetic dreams; -- used with of before the thing foretold.

Prophylaxis (n.) The art of preserving from, or of preventing, disease; the observance of the rules necessary for the preservation of health; preservative or preventive treatment.

Protocercal (a.) Having a caudal fin extending around the end of the vertebral column, like that which is first formed in the embryo of fishes; diphycercal.

Protomartyr (n.) The first martyr; the first who suffers, or is sacrificed, in any cause; -- applied esp. to Stephen, the first Christian martyr.

Psalmograph (n.) A writer of psalms; a psalmographer.

Pseudograph (n.) A false writing; a spurious document; a forgery.

Pseudomorph (n.) An irregular or deceptive form.

Pseudomorph (n.) A pseudomorphous crystal, as a crystal consisting of quartz, but having the cubic form of fluor spar, the fluor crystal having been changed to quartz by a process of substitution.

Psilosopher (n.) A superficial or narrow pretender to philosophy; a sham philosopher.

Psychometry (n.) The art of measuring the duration of mental processes, or of determining the time relations of mental phenomena.

Pterocletes (n. pl.) A division of birds including the sand grouse. They are in some respects intermediate between the pigeons and true grouse. Called also Pteroclomorphae.

Publication (n.) The act of offering a book, pamphlet, engraving, etc., to the public by sale or by gratuitous distribution.

Publication (n.) That which is published or made known; especially, any book, pamphlet, etc., offered for sale or to public notice; as, a daily or monthly publication.

Pyrargyrite (n.) Ruby silver; dark red silver ore. It is a sulphide of antimony and silver, occurring in rhombohedral crystals or massive, and is of a dark red or black color with a metallic adamantine luster.

Pyroarsenic (a.) Pertaining to or designating, an acid of arsenic analogous to pyrophosphoric acid.

Pyrophanous (a.) Rendered transparent by heat.

Pyrophorous (a.) Light-producing; of or pertaining to pyrophorus.

Pyrovanadic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid of vanadium, analogous to pyrophosphoric acid.

Pythagorean (a.) Of or pertaining to Pythagoras (a Greek philosopher, born about 582 b. c.), or his philosophy.

Pythagorean (n.) A follower of Pythagoras; one of the school of philosophers founded by Pythagoras.

Quadrillion (n.) According to the French notation, which is followed also upon the Continent and in the United States, a unit with fifteen ciphers annexed; according to the English notation, the number produced by involving a million to the fourth power, or the number represented by a unit with twenty-four ciphers annexed. See the Note under Numeration.

Retinophora (n.) One of group of two to four united cells which occupy the axial part of the ocelli, or ommatidia, of the eyes of invertebrates, and contain the terminal nerve fibrillae. See Illust. under Ommatidium.

Retinoscopy (n.) The study of the retina of the eye by means of the ophthalmoscope.

Rhabdophora (n. pl.) An extinct division of Hydrozoa which includes the graptolities.

Rhamnaceous (a.) Of or pertaining to a natural order of shrubs and trees (Rhamnaceae, or Rhamneae) of which the buckthorn (Rhamnus) is the type. It includes also the New Jersey tea, the supple-jack, and one of the plants called lotus (Zizyphus).

Rhinolophid (n.) Any species of the genus Rhinilophus, or family Rhinolophidae, having a horseshoe-shaped nasal crest; a horseshoe bat.

Rhyncholite (n.) A fossil cephalopod beak.

Rosicrucian (n.) One who, in the 17th century and the early part of the 18th, claimed to belong to a secret society of philosophers deeply versed in the secrets of nature, -- the alleged society having existed, it was stated, several hundred years.

Russophobia (n.) Morbid dread of Russia or of Russian influence.

Rypophagous (a.) Eating, or subsisting on, filth.

Saprophagan (n.) One of a tribe of beetles which feed upon decaying animal and vegetable substances; a carrion beetle.

Saprophytic (a.) Feeding or growing upon decaying animal or vegetable matter; pertaining to a saprophyte or the saprophytes.

Sarcophagan (n.) Any animal which eats flesh, especially any carnivorous marsupial.

Sarcophagan (n.) Any fly of the genus Sarcophaga.

Sarcophagus (n.) A species of limestone used among the Greeks for making coffins, which was so called because it consumed within a few weeks the flesh of bodies deposited in it. It is otherwise called lapis Assius, or Assian stone, and is said to have been found at Assos, a city of Lycia.

Sarcophagus (n.) A coffin or chest-shaped tomb of the kind of stone described above; hence, any stone coffin.

Sarcophagus (n.) A stone shaped like a sarcophagus and placed by a grave as a memorial.

Satanophany (n.) An incarnation of Satan; a being possessed by a demon.

Scapholunar (a.) Of or pertaining to the scaphoid and lunar bones of the carpus.

Scapholunar (n.) The scapholunar bone.

Scenography (n.) The art or act of representing a body on a perspective plane; also, a representation or description of a body, in all its dimensions, as it appears to the eye.

Schizophyte (n.) One of a class of vegetable organisms, in the classification of Cohn, which includes all of the inferior forms that multiply by fission, whether they contain chlorophyll or not.

Scyphistoma (n.) The young attached larva of Discophora in the stage when it resembles a hydroid, or actinian.

Scyphophori (n. pl.) An order of fresh-water fishes inhabiting tropical Africa. They have rudimentary electrical organs on each side of the tail.

Seismograph (n.) An apparatus for registering the shocks and undulatory motions of earthquakes.

Seismometry (n.) The mensuration of such phenomena of earthquakes as can be expressed in numbers, or by their relation to the coordinates of space.

Selenhydric (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, hydrogen selenide, H2Se, regarded as an acid analogous to sulphydric acid.

Selenograph (n.) A picture or delineation of the moon's surface, or of any part of it.

Semaphorist (n.) One who manages or operates a semaphore.

Semiography (n.) A description of the signs of disease.

Semiography () Alt. of Semiological

Semispheric (a.) Alt. of Semispherical

Seraphicism (n.) The character, quality, or state of a seraph; seraphicalness.

Shepherding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shepherd

Shepherdess (n.) A woman who tends sheep; hence, a rural lass.

Shepherdias (pl. ) of Shepherdia

Shepherdish (n.) Resembling a shepherd; suiting a shepherd; pastoral.

Shepherdism (n.) Pastoral life or occupation.

Siphonopoda (n. pl.) A division of Scaphopoda including those in which the foot terminates in a circular disk.

Siphorhinal (a.) Having tubular nostrils, as the petrels.

Siphuncular (a.) Of or pertaining to the siphuncle.

Skimmington (n.) A word employed in the phrase, To ride Skimmington; that is to ride on a horse with a woman, but behind her, facing backward, carrying a distaff, and accompanied by a procession of jeering neighbors making mock music; a cavalcade in ridicule of a henpecked man. The custom was in vogue in parts of England.

Socinianism (n.) The tenets or doctrines of Faustus Socinus, an Italian theologian of the sixteenth century, who denied the Trinity, the deity of Christ, the personality of the Devil, the native and total depravity of man, the vicarious atonement, and the eternity of future punishment. His theory was, that Christ was a man divinely commissioned, who had no existence before he was conceived by the Virgin Mary.

Solenoglyph (a.) Pertaining to the Selenoglypha. See Ophidia.

Solenoglyph (n.) One of the Selenoglypha.

Solenostomi (n. pl.) A tribe of lophobranch fishes having a tubular snout. The female carries the eggs in a ventral pouch.

Soothsaying (n.) A prediction; a prophecy; a prognostication.

Sophistical (a.) Of or pertaining to a sophist; embodying sophistry; fallaciously subtile; not sound.

Spermaphore (n.) That part of the ovary from which the ovules arise; the placenta.

Spermophile (n.) Any ground squirrel of the genus Spermophilus; a gopher. See Illust. under Gopher.

Spermophore (n.) A spermatophore.

Spermophyta (n. pl.) Plants which produce seed; phaenogamia. These plants constitute the highest grand division of the vegetable kingdom.

Spermophyte (n.) Any plant which produces true seeds; -- a term recently proposed to replace ph/nogam.

Sphacelated (imp. & p. p.) of Spacelate

Sphacelated (a.) Affected with gangrene; mortified.

Sphaeridium (n.) A peculiar sense organ found upon the exterior of most kinds of sea urchins, and consisting of an oval or sherical head surmounting a short pedicel. It is generally supposed to be an olfactory organ.

Sphaerulite (n.) Same as Spherulite.

Spheroconic (n.) A nonplane curve formed by the intersection of the surface of an oblique cone with the surface of a sphere whose center is at the vertex of the cone.

Spherograph (n.) An instrument for facilitating the practical use of spherics in navigation and astronomy, being constructed of two cardboards containing various circles, and turning upon each other in such a manner that any possible spherical triangle may be readily found, and the measures of the parts read off by inspection.

Spheroidity (n.) The quality or state of being spheroidal.

Spherometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the curvature of spherical surface, as of lenses for telescope, etc.

Spherulitic (a.) Of or pertaining to a spherulite; characterized by the presence of spherulites.

Sphygmogram (n.) A tracing, called a pulse tracing, consisting of a series of curves corresponding with the beats of the heart, obtained by the application of the sphygmograph.

Sphyraenoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the Sphyraenidae, a family of marine fishes including the barracudas.

Sporophoric (a.) Having the nature of a sporophore.

Staphylinid (n.) Any rove beetle.

Stelography (n.) The art of writing or inscribing characters on pillars.

Stenography (n.) The art of writing in shorthand, by using abbreviations or characters for whole words; shorthand.

Stephanotis (n.) A genus of climbing asclepiadaceous shrubs, of Madagascar, Malaya, etc. They have fleshy or coriaceous opposite leaves, and large white waxy flowers in cymes.

Stephanotis (n.) A perfume said to be prepared from the flowers of Stephanotis floribunda.

Stereograph (n.) Any picture, or pair of pictures, prepared for exhibition in the stereoscope. Stereographs are now commonly made by means of photography.

Stethograph (n.) See Pneumatograph.

Stroboscope (n.) An instrument for studying or observing the successive phases of a periodic or varying motion by means of light which is periodically interrupted.

Stroboscope (n.) An optical toy similar to the phenakistoscope. See Phenakistoscope.

Stylography (n.) A mode of writing or tracing lines by means of a style on cards or tablets.

Subsulphate (n.) A sulphate with an excess of the base.

Subsulphide (n.) A nonacid compound consisting of one equivalent of sulphur and more than one equivalent of some other body, as a metal.

Sulphanilic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an anilene sulphonic acid which is obtained as a white crystal.

Sulphaurate (n.) A salt of sulphauric acid.

Sulphionide (n.) A binary compound of sulphion, or one so regarded; thus, sulphuric acid, H/SO/, is a sulphionide.

Sulphovinic (a.) Of, pertaining to, and formerly designating, ethylsulphuric acid.

Sulphurated (imp. & p. p.) of Sulphurate

Sulphurator (n.) An apparatus for impregnating with, or exposing to the action of, sulphur; especially, an apparatus for fumigating or bleaching by means of the fumes of burning sulphur.

Sulphureity (n.) The quality or state of being sulphureous.

Sulphureous (a.) Consisting of sulphur; having the qualities of sulphur, or brimstone; impregnated with sulphur.

Sulphureted (a.) Combined or impregnated with sulphur; sulphurized.

Sulphurwort (n.) The hog's fennel. See under Fennel.

Sulphydrate (n.) A compound, analogous to a hydrate, regarded as a salt of sulphydric acid, or as a derivative of hydrogen sulphide in which one half of the hydrogen is replaced by a base (as potassium sulphydrate, KSH), or as a hydrate in which the oxygen has been wholly or partially replaced by sulphur.

Swallowfish (n.) The European sapphirine gurnard (Trigla hirundo). It has large pectoral fins.

Sycophantcy (n.) Sycophancy.

Sycophantic (a.) Alt. of Sycophantical

Sycophantry (n.) Sycophancy.

Symphonious (a.) Agreeing in sound; accordant; harmonious.

Symphonious (a.) Symphonic.

Symphonized (imp. & p. p.) of Symphonize

Synteretics (n.) That department of medicine which relates to the preservation of health; prophylaxis.

Syphiloderm (n.) A cutaneous affection due to syphilis.

Syphilology (n.) That branch of medicine which treats of syphilis.

Tachygraphy (n.) The art or practice of rapid writing; shorthand writing; stenography.

Tautologist (n.) One who uses tautological words or phrases.

Telegraphed (imp. & p. p.) of Telegraph

Telegrapher (n.) One who sends telegraphic messages; a telegraphic operator; a telegraphist.

Telegraphic (a.) Of or pertaining to the telegraph; made or communicated by a telegraph; as, telegraphic signals; telegraphic art; telegraphic intelligence.

Temperament (v. t.) The peculiar physical and mental character of an individual, in olden times erroneously supposed to be due to individual variation in the relations and proportions of the constituent parts of the body, especially of the fluids, as the bile, blood, lymph, etc. Hence the phrases, bilious or choleric temperament, sanguine temperament, etc., implying a predominance of one of these fluids and a corresponding influence on the temperament.

Tentaculata (n. pl.) A division of Ctenophora including those which have two long tentacles.

Tephramancy (n.) Divination by the ashes of the altar on which a victim had been consumed in sacrifice.

Tersulphide (n.) A trisulphide.

Tetraphenol (n.) Furfuran.

Teutonicism (n.) A mode of speech peculiar to the Teutons; a Teutonic idiom, phrase, or expression; a Teutonic mode or custom; a Germanism.

Thallophyte (n.) Same as Thallogen.

Thamnophile (n.) A bush shrike.

Thelphusian (n.) One of a tribe of fresh-water crabs which live in or on the banks of rivers in tropical countries.

Theosophism (n.) Belief in theosophy.

Theosophist (n.) One addicted to theosophy.

Theosophize (v. i.) To practice theosophy.

Thermograph (n.) An instrument for automatically recording indications of the variation of temperature.

Thermotical (a.) Of or pertaining to heat; produced by heat; as, thermotical phenomena.

Theromorpha (n. pl.) See Theriodonta.

Thiocyanate (n.) Same as Sulphocyanate.

Thiophthene (n.) A double thiophene nucleus, C6H4S2, analogous to thionaphthene, and the base of a large series of compounds.

Thunderbird (n.) An Australian insectivorous singing bird (Pachycephala gutturalis). The male is conspicuously marked with black and yellow, and has a black crescent on the breast. Called also white-throated thickhead, orange-breasted thrust, black-crowned thrush, guttural thrush, and black-breasted flycatcher.

Thunderclap (n.) A sharp burst of thunder; a sudden report of a discharge of atmospheric electricity.

Thunderworm (n.) A small, footless, burrowing, snakelike lizard (Rhineura Floridana) allied to Amphisbaena, native of Florida; -- so called because it leaves its burrows after a thundershower.

Topographer (n.) One who is skilled in the science of topography; one who describes a particular place, town, city, or tract of land.

Topographic () Alt. of Topographical

Toxicomania (n.) Toxiphobia.

Toxophilite (n.) A lover of archery; one devoted to archery.

Tralatition (n.) A change, as in the use of words; a metaphor.

Transfigure (v. t.) To change the outward form or appearance of; to metamorphose; to transform.

Translation (n.) A transfer of meaning in a word or phrase, a metaphor; a tralation.

Transmitter (n.) One who, or that which, transmits; specifically, that portion of a telegraphic or telephonic instrument by means of which a message is sent; -- opposed to receiver.

Transparent (a.) Having the property of transmitting rays of light, so that bodies can be distinctly seen through; pervious to light; diaphanous; pellucid; as, transparent glass; a transparent diamond; -- opposed to opaque.

Trepidation (n.) A libration of the starry sphere in the Ptolemaic system; a motion ascribed to the firmament, to account for certain small changes in the position of the ecliptic and of the stars.

Trichinosis (n.) The disease produced by the presence of trichinae in the muscles and intestinal track. It is marked by fever, muscular pains, and symptoms resembling those of typhoid fever, and is frequently fatal.

Trichophore (n.) The special cell in red algae which produces or bears a trichogyne. See Illust. of Trichogyne.

Trichophore (n.) One of the saclike organs from which the setae of annelids arise.

Trimorphous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or characterized by, trimorphism; -- contrasted with monomorphic, dimorphic, and polymorphic.

Trimorphism (n.) The property of crystallizing in three forms fundamentally distinct, as is the case with titanium dioxide, which crystallizes in the forms of rutile, octahedrite, and brookite. See Pleomorphism.

Trimorphism (n.) The coexistence among individuals of the same species of three distinct forms, not connected, as a rule, by intermediate gradations; the condition among individuals of the same species of having three different shapes or proportions of corresponding parts; -- contrasted with polymorphism, and dimorphism.

Triphyllous (a.) Having three leaves; three-leaved.

Triploidite (n.) A manganese phosphate near triplite, but containing hydroxyl instead of fluorine.

Trisulphide (n.) A sulphide containing three atoms of sulphur.

Trophosperm (n.) The placenta.

Twelfthtide (n.) The twelfth day after Christmas; Epiphany; -- called also Twelfth-day.

Typographer (n.) A printer.

Typographic (a.) Alt. of Typographical

Ultramarine (n.) A blue pigment formerly obtained by powdering lapis lazuli, but now produced in large quantities by fusing together silica, alumina, soda, and sulphur, thus forming a glass, colored blue by the sodium polysulphides made in the fusion. Also used adjectively.

Undersphere (n.) A sphere which is smaller than, and in its movements subject to, another; a satellite.

Undersphere (n.) An inferior sphere, or field of action.

Upholsterer (n.) One who provides hangings, coverings, cushions, curtains, and the like; one who upholsters.

Uranography (n.) A description or plan of the heavens and the heavenly bodies; the construction of celestial maps, globes, etc.; uranology.

Vaticinator (n.) One who vaticinates; a prophet.

Venesection (n.) The act or operation of opening a vein for letting blood; bloodletting; phlebotomy.

Verfication (n.) A formal phrase used in concluding a plea.

Vermiculate (a.) Crawling or creeping like a worm; hence, insinuating; sophistical.

Vertebrated (a.) Having a backbone, or vertebral column, containing the spinal marrow, as man, quadrupeds, birds, amphibia, and fishes.

Vertebrated (a.) Having movable joints resembling vertebrae; -- said of the arms ophiurans.

Vesuvianite (n.) A mineral occurring in tetragonal crystals, and also massive, of a brown to green color, rarely sulphur yellow and blue. It is a silicate of alumina and lime with some iron magnesia, and is common at Vesuvius. Also called idocrase.

Vitriolated (a.) Changed into a vitriol or a sulphate, or subjected to the action of sulphuric acid or of a sulphate; as, vitriolated potash, i. e., potassium sulphate.

Vivisection (n.) The dissection of an animal while alive, for the purpose of making physiological investigations.

Voltagraphy (n.) In electrotypy, the act or art of copying, in metals deposited by electrolytic action, a form or pattern which is made the negative electrode.

Vulcanology (n.) The science which treats of phenomena due to plutonic action, as in volcanoes, hot springs, etc.

Xanthophane (n.) The yellow pigment present in the inner segment

Xanthophyll (n.) A yellow coloring matter found in yellow autumn leaves, and also produced artificially from chlorophyll; -- formerly called also phylloxanthin.

Xerophilous (a.) Drought-loving; able withstand the absence or lack of moisture.

Xiphisterna (pl. ) of Xiphisternum

Xylographer (n.) One who practices xylography.

Xylographic (a.) Alt. of Xylographical

Xylophagous (a.) Eating, boring in, or destroying, wood; -- said especially of certain insect larvae, crustaceans, and mollusks.

Xylophagous (a.) Of or pertaining to the genus Xylophaga.

Xylophilous (a.) Of or pertaining to the xylophilans.

Zincography (n.) The art or process of engraving or etching on zinc, in which the design is left in relief in the style of a wood cut, the rest of the ground being eaten away by acid.

Zoographist (n.) A zoographer.

Zoomorphism (n.) The transformation of men into beasts.

Zoomorphism (n.) The quality of representing or using animal forms; as, zoomorphism in ornament.

Zoomorphism (n.) The representation of God, or of gods, in the form, or with the attributes, of the lower animals.

Zoophytical (a.) Of or pertaining to zoophytes.

Zygomorphic (a.) Alt. of Zygomorphous

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