11 letter words whose second letter is R

Arachnidial (a.) Of or pertaining to the Arachnida.

Arachnidial (a.) Pertaining to the arachnidium.

Arachnidium (n.) The glandular organ in which the material for the web of spiders is secreted.

Arachnoidal (a.) Pertaining to the arachnoid membrane; arachnoid.

Arachnoidea (n. pl.) Same as Arachnida.

Arachnology (n.) The department of zoology which treats of spiders and other Arachnida.

Arbitrament (n.) Determination; decision; arbitration.

Arbitrament (n.) The award of arbitrators.

Arbitrarily (adv.) In an arbitrary manner; by will only; despotically; absolutely.

Arbitrating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Arbitrate

Arbitration (n.) The hearing and determination of a cause between parties in controversy, by a person or persons chosen by the parties.

Arbitratrix (n.) A female who arbitrates or judges.

Arborescent (a.) Resembling a tree; becoming woody in stalk; dendritic; having crystallizations disposed like the branches and twigs of a tree.

Arbor vitae () An evergreen tree of the cypress tribe, genus Thuja. The American species is the T. occidentalis.

Arbor vitae () The treelike disposition of the gray and white nerve tissues in the cerebellum, as seen in a vertical section.

Archaeology (n.) The science or study of antiquities, esp. prehistoric antiquities, such as the remains of buildings or monuments of an early epoch, inscriptions, implements, and other relics, written manuscripts, etc.

Archaeozoic (a.) Like or belonging to the earliest forms of animal life.

Archangelic (a.) Of or pertaining to archangels; of the nature of, or resembling, an archangel.

Archdiocese (n.) The diocese of an archbishop.

Archduchess (n.) The consort of an archduke; also, a princess of the imperial family of Austria. See Archduke.

Archdukedom (n.) An archduchy.

Archebiosis (n.) The origination of living matter from non-living. See Abiogenesis.

Archegonial (a.) Relating to the archegonium.

Archegonium (n.) The pistillidium or female organ in the higher cryptogamic plants, corresponding to the pistil in flowering plants.

Archenteric (a.) Relating to the archenteron; as, archenteric invagination.

Archenteron (n.) The primitive enteron or undifferentiated digestive sac of a gastrula or other embryo. See Illust. under Invagination.

Archer fish () A small fish (Toxotes jaculator), of the East Indies; -- so called from its ejecting drops of water from its mouth at its prey. The name is also applied to Chaetodon rostratus.

Archimedean (a.) Of or pertaining to Archimedes, a celebrated Greek philosopher; constructed on the principle of Archimedes' screw; as, Archimedean drill, propeller, etc.

Archipelago (n.) The Grecian Archipelago, or Aegean Sea, separating Greece from Asia Minor. It is studded with a vast number of small islands.

Archipelago (n.) Hence: Any sea or broad sheet of water interspersed with many islands or with a group of islands.

Architector (n.) An architect.

Architraved (a.) Furnished with an architrave.

Archmarshal (n.) The grand marshal of the old German empire, a dignity that to the Elector of Saxony.

Archprelate (n.) An archbishop or other chief prelate.

Archprimate (n.) The chief primate.

Archtraitor (n.) A chief or transcendent traitor.

Arduousness (n.) The quality of being arduous; difficulty of execution.

Arenicolite (n.) An ancient wormhole in sand, preserved in the rocks.

Areopagitic (a.) Pertaining to the Areopagus.

Areosystyle (a. & n.) See Intercolumniation, and Araeosystyle.

Argand lamp () A lamp with a circular hollow wick and glass chimney which allow a current of air both inside and outside of the flame.

Argentation (n.) A coating or overlaying with silver.

Argumentize (v. i.) To argue or discuss.

Argus shell () A species of shell (Cypraea argus), beautifully variegated with spots resembling those in a peacock's tail.

Aristocracy (n.) Government by the best citizens.

Aristocracy (n.) A ruling body composed of the best citizens.

Aristocracy (n.) A form a government, in which the supreme power is vested in the principal persons of a state, or in a privileged order; an oligarchy.

Aristocracy (n.) The nobles or chief persons in a state; a privileged class or patrician order; (in a popular use) those who are regarded as superior to the rest of the community, as in rank, fortune, or intellect.

Aristotelic (a.) Pertaining to Aristotle or to his philosophy.

Armamentary (n.) An armory; a magazine or arsenal.

Arminianism (n.) The religious doctrines or tenets of the Arminians.

Armipotence (n.) Power in arms.

Aromatizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Aromatize

Arquebusade (n.) The shot of an arquebus.

Arquebusade (n.) A distilled water from a variety of aromatic plants, as rosemary, millefoil, etc.; -- originally used as a vulnerary in gunshot wounds.

Arquebusier (n.) A soldier armed with an arquebus.

Arraignment (n.) The act of arraigning, or the state of being arraigned; the act of calling and setting a prisoner before a court to answer to an indictment or complaint.

Arraignment (n.) A calling to an account to faults; accusation.

Arrangement (n.) The act of arranging or putting in an orderly condition; the state of being arranged or put in order; disposition in suitable form.

Arrangement (n.) The manner or result of arranging; system of parts disposed in due order; regular and systematic classification; as, arrangement of one's dress; the Linnaean arrangement of plants.

Arrangement (n.) Preparatory proceeding or measure; preparation; as, we have made arrangement for receiving company.

Arrangement (n.) Settlement; adjustment by agreement; as, the parties have made an arrangement between themselves concerning their disputes; a satisfactory arrangement.

Arrangement (n.) The adaptation of a composition to voices or instruments for which it was not originally written.

Arrangement (n.) A piece so adapted; a transcription; as, a pianoforte arrangement of Beethoven's symphonies; an orchestral arrangement of a song, an opera, or the like.

Arrentation () A letting or renting, esp. a license to inclose land in a forest with a low hedge and a ditch, under a yearly rent.

Arrestation (n.) Arrest.

Arrhythmous (a.) Being without rhythm or regularity, as the pulse.

Arriere-ban (n.) A proclamation, as of the French kings, calling not only their immediate feudatories, but the vassals of these feudatories, to take the field for war; also, the body of vassals called or liable to be called to arms, as in ancient France.

Arrow grass (n.) An herbaceous grasslike plant (Triglochin palustre, and other species) with pods opening so as to suggest barbed arrowheads.

Arrowheaded (a.) Shaped like the head of an arrow; cuneiform.

Arsenicated (imp. & p. p.) of Arsenicate

Arterialize (v. t.) To transform, as the venous blood, into arterial blood by exposure to oxygen in the lungs; to make arterial.

Arteriology (n.) That part of a

Arteriotomy (n.) The opening of an artery, esp. for bloodletting.

Arteriotomy (n.) That part of anatomy which treats of the dissection of the arteries.

Arthritical (a.) Pertaining to the joints.

Arthritical (a.) Of or pertaining to arthritis; gouty.

Arthrodynia (n.) An affection characterized by pain in or about a joint, not dependent upon structural disease.

Arthrodynic (a.) Pertaining to arthrodynia, or pain in the joints; rheumatic.

Articularly (adv.) In an articular or an articulate manner.

Articulated (imp. & p. p.) of Articulate

Articulated (a.) United by, or provided with, articulations; jointed; as, an articulated skeleton.

Articulated (a.) Produced, as a letter, syllable, or word, by the organs of speech; pronounced.

Articulator (n.) One who, or that which, articulates; as: (a) One who enunciates distinctly. (b) One who prepares and mounts skeletons. (c) An instrument to cure stammering.

Artificious (a.) Artificial.

Artillerist (n.) A person skilled in artillery or gunnery; a gunner; an artilleryman.

Artlessness (n.) The quality of being artless, or void of art or guile; simplicity; sincerity.

Artocarpous (a.) Of or pertaining to the breadfruit, or to the genus Artocarpus.

Arundineous (a.) Abounding with reeds; reedy.

Brabblement (n.) A brabble.

Brachelytra (n. pl.) A group of beetles having short elytra, as the rove beetles.

Brachiopoda (n.) A class of Molluscoidea having a symmetrical bivalve shell, often attached by a fleshy peduncle.

Brachyceral (a.) Having short antennae, as certain insects.

Brachyptera (n. pl.) A group of Coleoptera having short wings; the rove beetles.

Brachyurous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Brachyura.

Bracteolate (a.) Furnished with bracteoles or bractlets.

Braggadocio (n.) A braggart; a boaster; a swaggerer.

Braggadocio (n.) Empty boasting; mere brag; pretension.

Braggardism (n.) Boastfulness; act of bragging.

Brainsickly (adv.) In a brainsick manner.

Bramble net () A net to catch birds.

Branchiness (n.) Fullness of branches.

Branchiopod (n.) One of the Branchiopoda.

Brand goose () A species of wild goose (Branta bernicla) usually called in America brant. See Brant.

Brandishing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brandish

Brand spore () One of several spores growing in a series or chain, and produced by one of the fungi called brand.

Branglement (n.) Wrangle; brangle.

Brankursine (n.) Bear's-breech, or Acanthus.

Brattishing (n.) See Brattice, n.

Brattishing (n.) Carved openwork, as of a shrine, battlement, or parapet.

Brazenfaced (a.) Impudent; shameless.

Brazil wood () The wood of the oriental Caesalpinia Sapan; -- so called before the discovery of America.

Brazil wood () A very heavy wood of a reddish color, imported from Brazil and other tropical countries, for cabinet-work, and for dyeing. The best is the heartwood of Caesalpinia echinata, a leguminous tree; but other trees also yield it. An inferior sort comes from Jamaica, the timber of C. Braziliensis and C. crista. This is often distinguished as Braziletto , but the better kind is also frequently so named.

Breadbasket (n.) The stomach.

Breadthless (a.) Without breadth.

Breadthways (ads.) Breadthwise.

Breadthwise (ads.) In the direction of the breadth.

breakfasted (imp. & p. p.) of Breakfast

Breast-deep (a.) Deep as from the breast to the feet; as high as the breast.

Breast-high (a.) High as the breast.

Breastplate (n.) A plate of metal covering the breast as defensive armor.

Breastplate (n.) A piece against which the workman presses his breast in operating a breast drill, or other similar tool.

Breastplate (n.) A strap that runs across a horse's breast.

Breastplate (n.) A part of the vestment of the high priest, worn upon the front of the ephod. It was a double piece of richly embroidered stuff, a span square, set with twelve precious stones, on which were engraved the names of the twelve tribes of Israel. See Ephod.

Breastwheel (n.) A water wheel, on which the stream of water strikes neither so high as in the overshot wheel, nor so low as in the undershot, but generally at about half the height of the wheel, being kept in contact with it by the breasting. The water acts on the float boards partly by impulse, partly by its weight.

Breechblock (n.) The movable piece which closes the breech of a breech-loading firearm, and resists the backward force of the discharge. It is withdrawn for the insertion of a cartridge, and closed again before the gun is fired.

Breechcloth (n.) A cloth worn around the breech.

Brestsummer (n.) See Breastsummer.

Brewsterite (n.) A rare zeolitic mineral occurring in white monoclinic crystals with pearly luster. It is a hydrous silicate of aluminia, baryta, and strontia.

Bric-a brac (n.) Miscellaneous curiosities and works of decorative art, considered collectively.

Bricklaying (n.) The art of building with bricks, or of uniting them by cement or mortar into various forms; the act or occupation of laying bricks.

Brickleness (n.) Brittleness.

Bridgeboard (n.) A notched board to which the treads and risers of the steps of wooden stairs are fastened.

Bridgeboard (n.) A board or plank used as a bridge.

Bridge-ward (n.) A bridge keeper; a warden or a guard for a bridge.

Bridge-ward (n.) The principal ward of a key.

Bridle iron () A strong flat bar of iron, so bent as to support, as in a stirrup, one end of a floor timber, etc., where no sufficient bearing can be had; -- called also stirrup and hanger.

Brightening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brighten

Brilliantly (adv.) In a brilliant manner.

Brinishness (n.) State or quality of being brinish.

Bristletail (n.) An insect of the genera Lepisma, Campodea, etc., belonging to the Thysanura.


Brittleness (n.) Aptness to break; fragility.

Broad gauge () A wider distance between the rails than the "standard" gauge of four feet eight inches and a half. See Gauge.

Broadspread (a.) Widespread.

Brochantite (n.) A basic sulphate of copper, occurring in emerald-green crystals.

Broken wind () The heaves.

Bromatology (n.) The science of aliments.

Brome grass () A genus (Bromus) of grasses, one species of which is the chess or cheat.

Bronchocele (n.) See Goiter.

Bronchotome (n.) An instrument for cutting into the bronchial tubes.

Bronchotomy (n.) An incision into the windpipe or larynx, including the operations of tracheotomy and laryngotomy.

Brotherhood (n.) The state of being brothers or a brother.

Brotherhood (n.) An association for any purpose, as a society of monks; a fraternity.

Brotherhood (n.) The whole body of persons engaged in the same business, -- especially those of the same profession; as, the legal or medical brotherhood.

Brotherhood (n.) Persons, and, poetically, things, of a like kind.

Browbeating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Browbeat

Browbeating (n.) The act of bearing down, abashing, or disconcerting, with stern looks, supercilious manners, or confident assertions.

Brush wheel () A wheel without teeth, used to turn a similar one by the friction of bristles or something brushlike or soft attached to the circumference.

Brush wheel () A circular revolving brush used by turners, lapidaries, silversmiths, etc., for polishing.

Brusqueness (n.) Quality of being brusque; roughness joined with promptness; bluntness.

Brutalities (pl. ) of Brutality

Brutalizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brutalize

Bryological (a.) Relating to bryology; as, bryological studies.

Crackleware (n.) See Crackle, n., 3.

Cracovienne (n.) A lively Polish dance, in 2-4 time.

Cradgedness (n.) The quality or state of being cragged; cragginess.

Cranberries (pl. ) of Cranberry

Cranioclasm (n.) The crushing of a child's head, as with the cranioclast or craniotomy forceps in cases of very difficult delivery.

Cranioclast (n.) An instrument for crushing the head of a fetus, to facilitate delivery in difficult eases.

Craniognomy (n.) The science of the form and characteristics of the skull.

Craniometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the size of skulls.

Craniometry (n.) The art or act of measuring skulls.

Cranioscopy (n.) Scientific examination of the cranium.

Crateriform (a.) Having the form of a shallow bowl; -- said of a corolla.

Cream-faced (a.) White or pale, as the effect of fear, or as the natural complexion.

Cream-fruit (n.) A plant of Sierra Leone which yields a wholesome, creamy juice.

Cream-slice (n.) A wooden knife with a long thin blade, used in handling cream or ice cream.

Cream-white (a.) As white as cream.

Creationism (n.) The doctrine that a soul is specially created for each human being as soon as it is formed in the womb; -- opposed to traducianism.

Creatorship (n.) State or condition of a creator.

Cratureless (a.) Without created beings; alone.

Credibility (n.) The quality of being credible; credibleness; as, the credibility of facts; the credibility of witnesses.

Credulously (adv.) With credulity.

Cremaillere (n.) An indented or zigzaged

Cremasteric (a.) Of or pertaining to the cremaster; as, the cremasteric artery.

Crematories (pl. ) of Crematory

Crematorium (n.) Alt. of Crematory

Crenelating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crenelate

Crenelation (n.) The act of crenelating, or the state of being crenelated; an indentation or an embrasure.

Crenulation (n.) A minute crenation.

Crenulation (n.) The state of being minutely scalloped.

Crepitating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crepitate

Crepitation (n.) The act of crepitating or crackling.

Crepitation (n.) A grating or crackling sensation or sound, as that produced by rubbing two fragments of a broken bone together, or by pressing upon cellular tissue containing air.

Crepitation (n.) A crepitant rale.

Crepuscular (a.) Alt. of Crepusculous

Crestfallen (a.) With hanging head; hence, dispirited; dejected; cowed.

Crestfallen (a.) Having the crest, or upper part of the neck, hanging to one side; -- said of a horse.

Crib-biting (n.) Same as Cribbing, 4.

Criminalist (n.) One versed in criminal law.

Criminality (n.) The quality or state of being criminal; that which constitutes a crime; guiltiness; guilt.

Criminating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Criminate

Crimination (n.) The act of accusing; accusation; charge; complaint.

Criminative (a.) Charging with crime; accusing; criminatory.

Criminatory (a.) Relating to, or involving, crimination; accusing; as, a criminatory conscience.

Criminology (n.) A treatise on crime or the criminal population.

Crinigerous (a.) Bearing hair; hairy.

Crippleness (n.) Lameness.

Crithomancu (n.) A kind of divination by means of the dough of the cakes offered in the ancient sacrifices, and the meal strewed over the victims.

Criticaster (n.) A contemptible or vicious critic.

Criticising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Criticise

Crocidolite (n.) A mineral occuring in silky fibers of a lavender blue color. It is related to hornblende and is essentially a silicate of iron and soda; -- called also blue asbestus. A silicified form, in which the fibers penetrating quartz are changed to oxide of iron, is the yellow brown tiger-eye of the jewelers.

Crocodilian (a.) Like, or pertaining to, the crocodile; characteristic of the crocodile.

Crocodilian (n.) One of the Crocodilia.

Crocodility (n.) A caption or sophistical mode of arguing.

Crookedness (n.) The condition or quality of being crooked; hence, deformity of body or of mind; deviation from moral rectitude; perverseness.

Crop-tailed (a.) Having the tail cropped.

Cross-armed (a.) With arms crossed.

Crossbarred (a.) Secured by, or furnished with, crossbars.

Crossbarred (a.) Made or patterned in

Cross-birth (n.) Any preternatural labor, in which the body of the child lies across the pelvis of the mother, so that the shoulder, arm, or trunk is the part first presented at the mouth of the uterus.

Crossbowman (n.) One who shoots with a crossbow. See Arbalest.

CRosslegged (a.) Having the legs crossed.

Cross-spale (n.) Alt. of Cross-spall

Cross-spall (n.) One of the temporary wooden braces, placed horizontally across a frame to hold it in position until the deck beams are in; a cross-pawl.

Cross-staff (n.) An instrument formerly used at sea for taking the altitudes of celestial bodies.

Cross-staff (n.) A surveyor's instrument for measuring offsets.

Cross-stone (n.) See Harmotome, and Staurotide.

Crotaphitic (n.) Pertaining to the temple; temporal.

Crotonylene (n.) A colorless, volatile, pungent liquid, C4H6, produced artificially, and regarded as an unsaturated hydrocarbon of the acetylene series, and analogous to crotonic acid.

Crown wheel () A wheel with cogs or teeth set at right angles to its plane; -- called also a contrate wheel or face wheel.

Crow's-feet (pl. ) of Crow's-foot

Crow's-foot (n.) The wrinkles that appear, as the effect of age or dissipation, under and around the outer corners of the eyes.

Crow's-foot (n.) A caltrop.

Crow's-foot (n.) Same as Bird's-mouth.

Crow's-nest (n.) A box or perch near the top of a mast, esp. in whalers, to shelter the man on the lookout.

Cruciferous (a.) Bearing a cross.

Cruciferous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a family of plants which have four petals arranged like the arms of a cross, as the mustard, radish, turnip, etc.

Crucifixion (n.) The act of nailing or fastening a person to a cross, for the purpose of putting him to death; the use of the cross as a method of capital punishment.

Crucifixion (n.) The state of one who is nailed or fastened to a cross; death upon a cross.

Crucifixion (n.) Intense suffering or affliction; painful trial.

Crucigerous (a.) Bearing the cross; marked with the figure of a cross.

Crustaceous (a.) Pertaining to, or of the nature of, crust or shell; having a crustlike shell.

Crustaceous (a.) Belonging to the Crustacea; crustacean.

Cryohydrate (n.) A substance, as salt, ammonium chloride, etc., which crystallizes with water of crystallization only at low temperatures, or below the freezing point of water.

Cryptically (adv.) Secretly; occultly.

Cryptogamia (n.) The series or division of flowerless plants, or those never having true stamens and pistils, but propagated by spores of various kinds.

Cryptogamic (a.) Alt. of Cryptogamous

Cryptograph (n.) Cipher; something written in cipher.







Crystallite (n.) A minute mineral form like those common in glassy volcanic rocks and some slags, not having a definite crystal

Crystallize (v. t.) To cause to form crystals, or to assume the crystal

Crystallize (v. i.) To be converted into a crystal; to take on a crystal

Crystalloid (a.) Crystal-like; transparent like crystal.

Crystalloid (n.) A body which, in solution, diffuses readily through animal membranes, and generally is capable of being crystallized; -- opposed to colloid.

Crystalloid (n.) One of the microscopic particles resembling crystals, consisting of protein matter, which occur in certain plant cells; -- called also protein crystal.

Dracunculus (n.) A fish; the dragonet.

Dracunculus (n.) The Guinea worm (Filaria medinensis).

Dramatizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Dramatize

Dramaturgic (a.) Relating to dramaturgy.

Draughtsmen (pl. ) of Draughtsman

Draughtsman (n.) One who draws pleadings or other writings.

Draughtsman (n.) One who draws plans and sketches of machinery, structures, and places; also, more generally, one who makes drawings of any kind.

Draughtsman (n.) A "man" or piece used in the game of draughts.

Draughtsman (n.) One who drinks drams; a tippler.

Dreadnaught (n.) A fearless person.

Dreadnaught (n.) Hence: A garment made of very thick cloth, that can defend against storm and cold; also, the cloth itself; fearnaught.

Dress goods () A term applied to fabrics for the gowns of women and girls; -- most commonly to fabrics of mixed materials, but also applicable to silks, printed

Dressmaking (n.) The art, process, or occupation, of making dresses.

Drillmaster (n.) One who teaches drill, especially in the way of gymnastics.

Drill press () A machine for drilling holes in metal, the drill being pressed to the metal by the action of a screw.

Droitzschka (n.) See Drosky.

Dromedaries (pl. ) of Dromedary

Drunkenhead (n.) Drunkenness.

Drunkenness (n.) The state of being drunken with, or as with, alcoholic liquor; intoxication; inebriety; -- used of the casual state or the habit.

Drunkenness (n.) Disorder of the faculties, resembling intoxication by liquors; inflammation; frenzy; rage.

Drunkenship (n.) Alt. of Drunkship

Dry-rubbing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Dry-rub

Eradicating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Eradicate

Eradication (n.) The act of plucking up by the roots; a rooting out; extirpation; utter destruction.

Eradication (n.) The state of being plucked up by the roots.

Eradicative (a.) Tending or serving to eradicate; curing or destroying thoroughly, as a disease or any evil.

Eradicative (n.) A medicine that effects a radical cure.

Erastianism (n.) The principles of the Erastains.

Eremacausis (n.) A gradual oxidation from exposure to air and moisture, as in the decay of old trees or of dead animals.

Errableness (n.) Liability to error.

Erubescence (n.) Alt. of Erubescency

Erubescency (n.) The act of becoming red; redness of the skin or surface of anything; a blushing.

Erysipelous (a.) Erysipelatous.

Erythematic (a.) Characterized by, or causing, a morbid redness of the skin; relating to erythema.

Erythroleic (a.) Having a red color and oily appearance; -- applied to a purple semifluid substance said to be obtained from archil.

Erythrolein (n.) A red substance obtained from litmus.

Erythronium (n.) A name originally given (from its red acid) to the metal vanadium.

Erythrozyme (n.) A ferment extracted from madder root, possessing the power of inducing alcoholic fermentation in solutions of sugar.

Fractionary (a.) Fractional.

Fractionate (v. t.) To separate into different portions or fractions, as in the distillation of liquids.

Fragmentary (a.) Composed of fragments, or broken pieces; disconnected; not complete or entire.

Fragmentary (a.) Composed of the fragments of other rocks.

Fragmentist (n.) A writer of fragments; as, the fragmentist of Wolfenbuttel.

Franchising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Franchise

Frangipanni (n.) A perfume derived from, or imitating the odor of, the flower of the red jasmine, a West Indian tree of the genus Plumeria.

Frangulinic (a.) Pertaining to, or drived from, frangulin, or a species (Rhamnus Frangula) of the buckthorn.

Frank-chase (n.) The liberty or franchise of having a chase; free chase.

Franklinite (n.) A kind of mineral of the spinel group.

Frankpledge (n.) A pledge or surety for the good behavior of freemen, -- each freeman who was a member of an ancient decennary, tithing, or friborg, in England, being a pledge for the good conduct of the others, for the preservation of the public peace; a free surety.

Frankpledge (n.) The tithing itself.

Fraternized (imp. & p. p.) of Fraternize

Fraternizer (n.) One who fraternizes.

Fratricelli (n. pl.) The name which St. Francis of Assisi gave to his followers, early in the 13th century.

Fratricelli (n. pl.) A sect which seceded from the Franciscan Order, chiefly in Italy and Sicily, in 1294, repudiating the pope as an apostate, maintaining the duty of celibacy and poverty, and discountenancing oaths. Called also Fratricellians and Fraticelli.

Fratricidal (a.) Of or pertaining to fratricide; of the nature of fratricide.

Fraudulence (n.) Alt. of Fraudulency

Fraudulency (n.) The quality of being fraudulent; deliberate deceit; trickishness.

Freebootery (n.) The act, practice, or gains of a freebooter; freebooting.

Freebooting (n.) Robbery; plunder; a pillaging.

Freebooting (a.) Acting the freebooter; practicing freebootery; robbing.

Free-handed (a.) Open-handed; liberal.

Free-living (n.) Unrestrained indulgence of the appetites.

Free-martin (n.) An imperfect female calf, twinborn with a male.

Freemasonic (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the institutions or the practices of freemasons; as, a freemasonic signal.

Freemasonry (n.) The institutions or the practices of freemasons.

Free-minded (a.) Not perplexed; having a mind free from care.

Free-spoken (a.) Accustomed to speak without reserve.

Freethinker (n.) One who speculates or forms opinions independently of the authority of others; esp., in the sphere or religion, one who forms opinions independently of the authority of revelation or of the church; an unbeliever; -- a term assumed by deists and skeptics in the eighteenth century.

Freightless (a.) Destitute of freight.

Frenchified (imp. & p. p.) of Frenchify

Frequencies (pl. ) of Frequency

Frequenting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frequent

Frequentage (n.) The practice or habit of frequenting.

Fresh-water (a.) Of, pertaining to, or living in, water not salt; as, fresh-water geological deposits; a fresh-water fish; fresh-water mussels.

Fresh-water (a.) Accustomed to sail on fresh water only; unskilled as a seaman; as, a fresh-water sailor.

Fresh-water (a.) Unskilled; raw.

Frightening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frighten

Frightfully (adv.) In a frightful manner; to a frightful dagree.

Frigidarium (n.) The cooling room of the Roman thermae, furnished with a cold bath.


Fritillaria (n.) A genus of liliaceous plants, of which the crown-imperial (Fritillaria imperialis) is one species, and the Guinea-hen flower (F. Meleagris) another. See Crown-imperial.

Frivolities (pl. ) of Frivolity

Frontlessly (adv.) Shamelessly; impudently.

Frost-blite (n.) A plant of the genus Atriplex; orache.

Frost-blite (n.) The lamb's-quarters (Chenopodium album).

Frounceless (a.) Without frounces.

Fructifying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Fructify

Fructuaries (pl. ) of Fructuary

Fructuation (n.) Produce; fruit.

Frue vanner () A moving, inc

Frugalities (pl. ) of Frugality

Frugiferous (a.) Producing fruit; fruitful; fructiferous.

Frugivorous (a.) Feeding on fruit, as birds and other animals.

Fruitestere (n.) A fruiteress.

Frustrating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frustrate

Frustrately (adv.) In vain.

Frustration (n.) The act of frustrating; disappointment; defeat; as, the frustration of one's designs

Frustrative (a.) Tending to defeat; fallacious.

Frustratory (a.) Making void; rendering null; as, a frustratory appeal.

Fruticulose (a.) Like, or pertaining to, a small shrub.

Gradational (a.) By regular steps or gradations; of or pertaining to gradation.

Gradualness (n.) The quality or state of being gradual; regular progression or gradation; slowness.

Grallatores (n. pl.) See Grallae.

Grama grass () The name of several kinds of pasture grasses found in the Western United States, esp. the Bouteloua oligostachya.

Grammalogue (n.) Literally, a letter word; a word represented by a logogram; as, it, represented by |, that is, t. pitman.

Grammarless (a.) Without grammar.

Grammatical (a.) Of or pertaining to grammar; of the nature of grammar; as, a grammatical rule.

Grammatical (a.) According to the rules of grammar; grammatically correct; as, the sentence is not grammatical; the construction is not grammatical.

Grandeeship (n.) The rank or estate of a grandee; lordship.

Grand-ducal (a.) Of or pertaining to a grand duke.

Grandfather (n.) A father's or mother's father; an ancestor in the next degree above the father or mother in

Grandiosity (n.) The state or quality of being grandiose,

Grand mercy () See Gramercy.

Grandmother (n.) The mother of one's father or mother.

Grandnephew (n.) The grandson of one's brother or sister.

Graniferous (a.) Bearing grain, or seeds like grain.

Granitiform (a.) Resembling granite in structure or shape.

Granivorous (a.) Eating grain; feeding or subsisting on seeds; as, granivorous birds.

Granolithic (n.) A kind of hard artificial stone, used for pavements.

Granulating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Granulate

Granulation (n.) The act or process of forming or crystallizing into grains; as, the granulation of powder and sugar.

Granulation (n.) The state of being granulated.

Granulation (n.) One of the small, red, grainlike prominences which form on a raw surface (that of wounds or ulcers), and are the efficient agents in the process of healing.

Granulation (n.) The act or process of the formation of such prominences.

Granuliform (a.) Having a granular structure; granular; as, granuliform limestone.

Grape fruit () The shaddock.

Graphically (adv.) In a graphic manner; vividly.

Graphicness (n.) Alt. of Graphicalness

Graphiscope (n.) See Graphoscope.

Graphoscope (n.) An optical instrument for magnifying engravings, photographs, etc., usually having one large lens and two smaller ones.

Grapplement (n.) A grappling; close fight or embrace.

Graptolitic (a.) Of or pertaining to graptolites; containing graptolites; as, a graptolitic slate.

Grass-green (a.) Green with grass.

Grass-green (a.) Of the color of grass; clear and vivid green.

Grass-grown (a.) Overgrown with grass; as, a grass-grown road.

Grasshopper (n.) Any jumping, orthopterous insect, of the families Acrididae and Locustidae. The species and genera are very numerous. The former family includes the Western grasshopper or locust (Caloptenus spretus), noted for the great extent of its ravages in the region beyond the Mississippi. In the Eastern United States the red-legged (Caloptenus femurrubrum and C. atlanis) are closely related species, but their ravages are less important. They are closely related to the migratory locust

Grasshopper (n.) In ordinary square or upright pianos of London make, the escapement lever or jack, so made that it can be taken out and replaced with the key; -- called also the hopper.

Gtratuities (pl. ) of Gratuity

Grqatulated (imp. & p. p.) of Gratulate

Gratulating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Gratulate

Gratulation (n.) The act of gratulating or felicitating; congratulation.

Gratulatory (a.) Expressing gratulation or joy; congratulatory.

Gravedigger (n.) A digger of graves.

Gravedigger (n.) See Burying beetle, under Bury, v. t.

Gravenstein (n.) A kind of fall apple, marked with streaks of deep red and orange, and of excellent flavor and quality.

Graveolence (n.) A strong and offensive smell; rancidity.

Gravidation (n.) Gravidity.

Gravimetric (a.) Of or pertaining to measurement by weight; measured by weight.

Gravitating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Gravitate

Gravitation (n.) The act of gravitating.

Gravitation (n.) That species of attraction or force by which all bodies or particles of matter in the universe tend toward each other; called also attraction of gravitation, universal gravitation, and universal gravity. See Attraction, and Weight.

Gravitative (a.) Causing to gravitate; tending to a center.

Greco-Roman (a.) Having characteristics that are partly Greek and partly Roman; as, Greco-Roman architecture.

Greenbacker (n.) One of those who supported greenback or paper money, and opposed the resumption of specie payments.

Green-broom (n.) A plant of the genus Genista (G. tinctoria); dyer's weed; -- called also greenweed.

Greengrocer (n.) A retailer of vegetables or fruits in their fresh or green state.

Greenlander (n.) A native of Greenland.

Greenockite (n.) Native cadmium sulphide, a mineral occurring in yellow hexagonal crystals, also as an earthy incrustation.

Green-stall (n.) A stall at which greens and fresh vegetables are exposed for sale.

Gressorious (a.) Adapted for walking; anisodactylous; as the feet of certain birds and insects. See Illust. under Aves.

Griddlecake (n.) A cake baked or fried on a griddle, esp. a thin batter cake, as of buckwheat or common flour.

Grippleness (n.) The quality of being gripple.

Grossularia (n.) Same as Grossular.

Grotesquely (adv.) In a grotesque manner.

Grotto-work (n.) Artificial and ornamental rockwork in imitation of a grotto.

Grugru palm () A West Indian name for several kinds of palm. See Macaw tree, under Macaw.

Grugru worm () The larva or grub of a large South American beetle (Calandra palmarum), which lives in the pith of palm trees and sugar cane. It is eaten by the natives, and esteemed a delicacy.

Grumblingly (adv.) In a grumbling manner.

Grumousness (n.) The state of being grumous.

Iridescence (n.) Exhibition of colors like those of the rainbow; the quality or state of being iridescent; a prismatic play of color; as, the iridescence of mother-of-pearl.

Iridioscope (n.) A kind of ophthalmoscope.

Iron-fisted (a.) Closefisted; stingy; mean.

Ironmongery (n.) Hardware; a general name for all articles made of iron.

Irradiating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Irradiate

Irradiation (n.) Act of irradiating, or state of being irradiated.

Irradiation (n.) Illumination; irradiance; brilliancy.

Irradiation (n.) Fig.: Mental light or illumination.

Irradiation (n.) The apparent enlargement of a bright object seen upon a dark ground, due to the fact that the portions of the retina around the image are stimulated by the intense light; as when a dark spot on a white ground appears smaller, or a white spot on a dark ground larger, than it really is, esp. when a little out of focus.

Irreceptive (a.) Not receiving; incapable of receiving.

Irreconcile (v. t.) To prevent from being reconciled; to alienate or disaffect.

Irrecusable (a.) Not liable to exception or rejection.

Irreducible (a.) Incapable of being reduced, or brought into a different state; incapable of restoration to its proper or normal condition; as, an irreducible hernia.

Irreducible (a.) Incapable of being reduced to a simpler form of expression; as, an irreducible formula.

Irrefutable (a.) Incapable of being refuted or disproved; indisputable.

Irregularly (adv.) In an irregular manner.

Irrelavance (n.) Irrelevancy.

Irrelavancy (n.) The quality or state of being irrelevant; as, the irrelevancy of an argument.

Irreligious (a.) Destitute of religion; not controlled by religious motives or principles; ungodly. Cf. Impious.

Irreligious (a.) Indicating a want of religion; profane; wicked; as, irreligious speech.

Irremission (n.) Refusal of pardon.

Irremissive (a.) Not remitting; unforgiving.

Irremovable (a.) Not removable; immovable; inflexible.

Irreparable (a.) Not reparable; not capable of being repaired, recovered, regained, or remedied; irretrievable; irremediable; as, an irreparable breach; an irreparable loss.

Irreparably (adv.) In an irreparable manner.

Irreputable (a.) Disreputable.

Irresilient (a.) Not resilient; not recoiling or rebounding; inelastic.

Irresoluble (a.) Incapable of being dissolved or resolved into parts; insoluble.

Irresoluble (a.) Incapable of being relieved or assisted.

Irretention (n.) Want of retaining power; forgetfulness.

Irretentive (a.) Not retentive; as, an irretentive memory.

Irreverence (n.) The state or quality of being irreverent; want of proper reverence; disregard of the authority and character of a superior.

Irrevocable (a.) Incapable of being recalled or revoked; unchangeable; irreversible; unalterable; as, an irrevocable promise or decree; irrevocable fate.

Irrevokable (a.) Irrevocable.

Irrevoluble (a.) That has no finite period of revolution; not revolving.

Kriegsspiel (n.) A game of war, played for practice, on maps.

Krokidolite (n.) See Crocidolite.

Orangetawny (a. & n.) Deep orange-yellow; dark yellow.

Orbiculated (a.) Made, or being, in the form of an orb; having a circular, or nearly circular, or a spheroidal, out

Orbitolites (n.) A genus of living Foraminifera, forming broad, thin, circular disks, containing numerous small chambers.

Orbitonasal (a.) Of or pertaining to the orbit and the nose; as, the orbitonasal, or ophthalmic, nerve.

Orchestrion (n.) A large music box imitating a variety of orchestral instruments.

Orchidology (n.) The branch of botany which treats of orchids.


Oreographic (a.) Of or pertaining to oreography.

Organically (adv.) In an organic manner; by means of organs or with reference to organic functions; hence, fundamentally.

Organizable (a.) Capable of being organized; esp. (Biol.), capable of being formed into living tissue; as, organizable matter.

Organogenic (a.) Of or pertaining to organogenesis.

Organophyly (n.) The tribal history of organs, -- a branch of morphophyly.

Organoscopy (n.) Phrenology.

Orientalism (n.) Any system, doctrine, custom, expression, etc., peculiar to Oriental people.

Orientalism (n.) Knowledge or use of Oriental languages, history, literature, etc.

Orientalist (n.) An inhabitant of the Eastern parts of the world; an Oriental.

Orientalist (n.) One versed in Eastern languages, literature, etc.; as, the Paris Congress of Orientalists.

Orientality (n.) The quality or state of being oriental or eastern.

Orientalize (v. t.) to render Oriental; to cause to conform to Oriental manners or conditions.

Orientating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Orientate

Orientation (n.) The act or process of orientating; determination of the points of the compass, or the east point, in taking bearings.

Orientation (n.) The tendency of a revolving body, when suspended in a certain way, to bring the axis of rotation into parallelism with the earth's axis.

Orientation (n.) An aspect or fronting to the east; especially (Arch.), the placing of a church so that the chancel, containing the altar toward which the congregation fronts in worship, will be on the east end.

Orientation (n.) Fig.: A return to first principles; an orderly arrangement.

Originalist (n.) One who is original.

Originality (n.) The quality or state of being original.

Originating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Originate

Origination (n.) The act or process of bringing or coming into existence; first production.

Origination (n.) Mode of production, or bringing into being.

Originative (a.) Having power, or tending, to originate, or bring into existence; originating.

Ornamenting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ornament

Ornitholite (n.) The fossil remains of a bird.

Ornitholite (n.) A stone of various colors bearing the figures of birds.

Ornithology (n.) That branch of zoology which treats of the natural history of birds and their classification.

Ornithology (n.) A treatise or book on this science.

Ornithopoda (n. pl.) An order of herbivorous dinosaurs with birdlike characteristics in the skeleton, esp. in the pelvis and hind legs, which in some genera had only three functional toes, and supported the body in walking as in Iguanodon. See Illust. in Appendix.

Ornithotomy (n.) The anatomy or dissection of birds.

Orthocenter (n.) That point in which the three perpendiculars let fall from the angles of a triangle upon the opposite sides, or the sides produced, mutually intersect.

Orthodromic (a.) Of or pertaining to orthodromy.

Orthoepical (a.) Of or pertaining to orthoepy, or correct pronunciation.

Orthography (n.) The art or practice of writing words with the proper letters, according to standard usage; conventionally correct spelling; also, mode of spelling; as, his orthography is vicious.

Orthography (n.) The part of grammar which treats of the letters, and of the art of spelling words correctly.

Orthography (n.) A drawing in correct projection, especially an elevation or a vertical section.

Orthometric (a.) Having the axes at right angles to one another; -- said of crystals or crystal

Orthopedist (n.) One who prevents, cures, or remedies deformities, esp. in children.

Orthopteran (n.) One of the Orthoptera.

Orthoscopic (a.) Giving an image in correct or normal proportions; giving a flat field of view; as, an orthoscopic eyepiece.

Orthostichy (n.) A longitudinal rank, or row, of leaves along a stem.

Orthotomous (a.) Having two cleavages at right angles with one another.

Orthotropal (a.) Alt. of Orthotropous

Orthotropic (a.) Having the longer axis vertical; -- said of erect stems.

Orthoxylene (n.) That variety of xylene in which the two methyl groups are in the ortho position; a colorless, liquid, combustible hydrocarbon resembling benzene.

Oryctognosy (n.) Mineralogy.

Practicable (a.) That may be practiced or performed; capable of being done or accomplished with available means or resources; feasible; as, a practicable method; a practicable aim; a practicable good.

Practicable (a.) Capable of being used; passable; as, a practicable weapon; a practicable road.

Practically (adv.) In a practical way; not theoretically; really; as, to look at things practically; practically worthless.

Practically (adv.) By means of practice or use; by experience or experiment; as, practically wise or skillful; practically acquainted with a subject.

Practically (adv.) In practice or use; as, a medicine practically safe; theoretically wrong, but practically right.

Practically (adv.) Almost.

Praecognita (n. pl.) This previously known, or which should be known in order to understand something else.

Praecordial (a.) Same as Precordial.

Praemaxilla (n.) See Premaxilla.

Praesternum (n.) Same as Preoral, Prepubis, Prescapula, etc.

Pragmatical (a.) Of or pertaining to business or to affairs; of the nature of business; practical; material; businesslike in habit or manner.

Pragmatical (a.) Busy; specifically, busy in an objectionable way; officious; fussy and positive; meddlesome.

Pragmatical (a.) Philosophical; dealing with causes, reasons, and effects, rather than with details and circumstances; -- said of literature.

Prattlement (n.) Prattle.

Preacquaint (v. t.) To acquaint previously or beforehand.

Preadamitic (a.) Existing or occurring before Adam; preadamic; as, preadamitic periods.

Preadmonish (v. t.) To admonish previously.

Preambulary (a.) Of or pertaining to a preamble; introductory; contained or provided for in a preamble.

Preambulate (v. i.) To walk before.

Preambulous (n.) See Perambulatory.

Preannounce (v. t.) To announce beforehand.

Preaudience (n.) Precedence of rank at the bar among lawyers.

Prebendship (n.) A prebendaryship.

Precautious (a.) Taking or using precaution; precautionary.

Precedented (a.) Having a precedent; authorized or sanctioned by an example of a like kind.

Precedently (adv.) Beforehand; antecedently.

Precellence (n.) Alt. of Precellency

Precellency (n.) Excellence; superiority.

Preceptress (n.) A woman who is the principal of a school; a female teacher.

Precipitant (a.) Falling or rushing headlong; rushing swiftly, violently, or recklessly; moving precipitately.

Precipitant (a.) Unexpectedly or foolishly brought on or hastened; rashly hurried; hasty; sudden; reckless.

Precipitant (n.) Any force or reagent which causes the formation of a precipitate.

Precipitate (a.) Overhasty; rash; as, the king was too precipitate in declaring war.

Precipitate (a.) Lacking due deliberation or care; hurried; said or done before the time; as, a precipitate measure.

Precipitate (a.) Falling, flowing, or rushing, with steep descent; headlong.

Precipitate (a.) Ending quickly in death; brief and fatal; as, a precipitate case of disease.

Precipitate (n.) An insoluble substance separated from a solution in a concrete state by the action of some reagent added to the solution, or of some force, such as heat or cold. The precipitate may fall to the bottom (whence the name), may be diffused through the solution, or may float at or near the surface.

Precipitate (v. t.) To throw headlong; to cast down from a precipice or height.

Precipitate (v. t.) To urge or press on with eager haste or violence; to cause to happen, or come to a crisis, suddenly or too soon; as, precipitate a journey, or a conflict.

Precipitate (v. t.) To separate from a solution, or other medium, in the form of a precipitate; as, water precipitates camphor when in solution with alcohol.

Precipitate (v. i.) To dash or fall headlong.

Precipitate (v. i.) To hasten without preparation.

Precipitate (v. i.) To separate from a solution as a precipitate. See Precipitate, n.

Precipitous (a.) Steep, like a precipice; as, a precipitous cliff or mountain.

Precipitous (a.) Headlong; as, precipitous fall.

Precipitous (a.) Hasty; rash; quick; sudden; precipitate; as, precipitous attempts.

Precogitate (v. t.) To cogitate beforehand.

Precognosce (v. t.) To examine beforehand, as witnesses or evidence.

Precomposed (imp. & p. p.) of Precompose

Preconceive (v. t.) To conceive, or form an opinion of, beforehand; to form a previous notion or idea of.

Preconizate (v. t.) To proclaim; to publish; also, to summon; to call.

Precontract (v. t.) To contract, engage, or stipulate previously.

Precontract (v. i.) To make a previous contract or agreement.

Precontract (n.) A contract preceding another

Precontract (n.) a contract of marriage which, according to the ancient law, rendered void a subsequent marriage solemnized in violation of it.

Precontrive (v. t. & i.) To contrive or plan beforehand.

Precoracoid (n.) The anterior part of the coracoid (often closely united with the clavicle) in the shoulder girdle of many reptiles and amphibians.

Predatorily (adv.) In a predatory manner.

Predecessor (n.) One who precedes; one who has preceded another in any state, position, office, etc.; one whom another follows or comes after, in any office or position.

Predestined (imp. & p. p.) of Predestine

Predicament (n.) A class or kind described by any definite marks; hence, condition; particular situation or state; especially, an unfortunate or trying position or condition.

Predicament (n.) See Category.

Predicating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Predicate

Predication (n.) The act of predicating, or of affirming one thing of another; affirmation; assertion.

Predication (n.) Preaching.

Predicative (a.) Expressing affirmation or predication; affirming; predicating, as, a predicative term.

Predicatory (a.) Affirmative; positive.

Predicrotic (a.) A term applied to the pulse wave sometimes seen in a pulse curve or sphygmogram, between the apex of the curve and the dicrotic wave.

Predictable (a.) That may be predicted.

Prediscover (v. t.) To discover beforehand.

Predisposed (imp. & p. p.) of Predispose

Predominant (a.) Having the ascendency over others; superior in strength, influence, or authority; prevailing; as, a predominant color; predominant excellence.

Predominate (v. i.) To be superior in number, strength, influence, or authority; to have controlling power or influence; to prevail; to rule; to have the mastery; as, love predominated in her heart.

Predominate (v. t.) To rule over; to overpower.

Preelection (n.) Election beforehand.

Preeminence (n.) The quality or state of being preeminent; superiority in prominence or in excellence; distinction above others in quality, rank, etc.; rarely, in a bad sense, superiority or notoriety in evil; as, preeminence in honor.

Preengaging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preengage

Preeternity (n.) Infinite previous duration.

Preexamined (imp. & p. p.) of Preexamine

Preexisting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preexist

Preexistent (a.) Existing previously; preceding existence; as, a preexistent state.

Prefatorial (a.) Prefatory.

Prefatorily (adv.) In a prefatory manner; by way of preface.

Prefectship (n.) The office or jurisdiction of a prefect.

Prefigurate (v. t.) To prefigure.

Prefiguring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prefigure

Prefinition (n.) Previous limitation.

Prefulgency (n.) Superior brightness or effulgency.

Prehistoric (a.) Of or pertaining to a period before written history begins; as, the prehistoric ages; prehistoric man.

Preinstruct (v. t.) To instruct previously or beforehand.

Prejudgment (n.) The act of prejudging; decision before sufficient examination.

Prejudicacy (n.) Prejudice; prepossession.

Prejudicant (a.) Influenced by prejudice; biased.

Prejudicate (a.) Formed before due examination.

Prejudicate (a.) Biased by opinions formed prematurely; prejudiced.

Prejudicate (v. t.) To determine beforehand, especially to disadvantage; to prejudge.

Prejudicate (v. i.) To prejudge.

Prejudicing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prejudice

Prejudicial (a.) Biased, possessed, or blinded by prejudices; as, to look with a prejudicial eye.

Prejudicial (a.) Tending to obstruct or impair; hurtful; injurious; disadvantageous; detrimental.

Prelateship (n.) The office of a prelate.

Prelatizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prelatize

Prelibation (n.) A tasting beforehand, or by anticipation; a foretaste; as, a prelibation of heavenly bliss.

Prelibation (n.) A pouring out, or libation, before tasting.

Preliminary (a.) Introductory; previous; preceding the main discourse or business; prefatory; as, preliminary observations to a discourse or book; preliminary articles to a treaty; preliminary measures; preliminary examinations.

Preliminary (n.) That which precedes the main discourse, work, design, or business; something introductory or preparatory; as, the preliminaries to a negotiation or duel; to take one's preliminaries the year before entering college.

Prelusorily (adv.) In a prelusory way.

Prematurity (n.) The quality or state of being premature; early, or untimely, ripeness; as, the prematurity of genius.

Premaxillae (pl. ) of Premaxilla

Premeditate (v. t.) To think on, and revolve in the mind, beforehand; to contrive and design previously; as, to premeditate robbery.

Premeditate (v. i.) To think, consider, deliberate, or revolve in the mind, beforehand.

Premeditate (a.) Premeditated; deliberate.

Premiership (n.) The office of the premier.

Premonished (imp. & p. p.) of Premonish

Premonition (n.) Previous warning, notice, or information; forewarning; as, a premonition of danger.

Premonitory (a.) Giving previous warning or notice; as, premonitory symptoms of disease.

Premunition (n.) The act of fortifying or guarding against objections.

Premunitory (a.) Of or pertaining to a premunire; as, a premunitory process.

Prenominate (a.) Forenamed; named beforehand.

Prenominate (v. t.) To forename; to name beforehand; to tell by name beforehand.

Prenuncious (a.) Announcing beforehand; presaging.

Preoccupate (v. t.) To anticipate; to take before.

Preoccupate (v. t.) To prepossess; to prejudice.

Preoccupied (imp. & p. p.) of Preoccupy

Preordinate (a.) Preordained.

Preparation (n.) The act of preparing or fitting beforehand for a particular purpose, use, service, or condition; previous arrangement or adaptation; a making ready; as, the preparation of land for a crop of wheat; the preparation of troops for a campaign.

Preparation (n.) The state of being prepared or made ready; preparedness; readiness; fitness; as, a nation in good preparation for war.

Preparation (n.) That which makes ready, prepares the way, or introduces; a preparatory act or measure.

Preparation (n.) That which is prepared, made, or compounded by a certain process or for a particular purpose; a combination. Specifically: (a) Any medicinal substance fitted for use. (b) Anything treated for preservation or examination as a specimen. (c) Something prepared for use in cookery.

Preparation (n.) An army or fleet.

Preparation (n.) The holding over of a note from one chord into the next chord, where it forms a temporary discord, until resolved in the chord that follows; the anticipation of a discordant note in the preceding concord, so that the ear is prepared for the shock. See Suspension.

Preparation (n.) Accomplishment; qualification.

Preparative (a.) Tending to prepare or make ready; having the power of preparing, qualifying, or fitting; preparatory.

Preparative (n.) That which has the power of preparing, or previously fitting for a purpose; that which prepares.

Preparative (n.) That which is done in the way of preparation.

Preparatory (a.) Preparing the way for anything by previous measures of adaptation; antecedent and adapted to what follows; introductory; preparative; as, a preparatory school; a preparatory condition.

Prepollence (n.) Alt. of Prepollency

Prepollency (n.) The quality or state of being prepollent; superiority of power; predominance; prevalence.

Prepollices (pl. ) of Prepollent

Preposition (n.) A word employed to connect a noun or a pronoun, in an adjectival or adverbial sense, with some other word; a particle used with a noun or pronoun (in English always in the objective case) to make a phrase limiting some other word; -- so called because usually placed before the word with which it is phrased; as, a bridge of iron; he comes from town; it is good for food; he escaped by running.

Preposition (n.) A proposition; an exposition; a discourse.

Prepositive (a.) Put before; prefixed; as, a prepositive particle.

Prepositive (n.) A prepositive word.

Prepositure (n.) The office or dignity of a provost; a provostship.

Preresolved (imp. & p. p.) of Preresolve

Prerogative (n.) An exclusive or peculiar privilege; prior and indefeasible right; fundamental and essential possession; -- used generally of an official and hereditary right which may be asserted without question, and for the exercise of which there is no responsibility or accountability as to the fact and the manner of its exercise.

Prerogative (n.) Precedence; preeminence; first rank.

Presagement (n.) The act or art of presaging; a foreboding.

Presagement (n.) That which is presaged, or foretold.

Presbyteral (a.) Of or pertaining to a presbyter or presbytery; presbyterial.

Presscapula (n.) The part of the scapula in front of, or above, the spine, or mesoscapula.

Prescapular (a.) Of or pertaining to the prescapula; supraspinous.

Presciently (adv.) With prescience or foresight.

Prescribing (p. pr & vb. n.) of Prescribe

Presentable (a.) Capable or admitting of being presented; suitable to be exhibited, represented, or offered; fit to be brought forward or set forth; hence, fitted to be introduced to another, or to go into society; as, ideas that are presentable in simple language; she is not presentable in such a gown.

Presentable (a.) Admitting of the presentation of a clergiman; as, a church presentable.

Presentiate (v. t.) To make present.

Presentient (a.) Feeling or perceiving beforehand.

Presentific (a.) Making present.

Presentment (n.) The act of presenting, or the state of being presented; presentation.

Presentment (n.) Setting forth to view; de

Presentment (n.) The notice taken by a grand jury of any offence from their own knowledge or observation, without any bill of indictment laid before them, as, the presentment of a nuisance, a libel, or the like; also, an inquisition of office and indictment by a grand jury; an official accusation presented to a tribunal by the grand jury in an indictment, or the act of offering an indictment; also, the indictment itself.

Presentment (n.) The official notice (formerly required to be given in court) of the surrender of a copyhold estate.

Presentness (n.) The quality or state of being present; presence.

Preservable (a.) Capable of being preserved; admitting of preservation.

Presphenoid (a.) Situated in front of the sphenoid bone; of or pertaining to the anterior part of the sphenoid bone (i. e., the presphenoid bone).

Presphenoid (n.) The presphenoid bone.

Prestigious (a.) Practicing tricks; juggling.

Prestissimo (adv.) Very quickly; with great rapidity.

Presumingly (adv.) Confidently; arrogantly.

Presumption (n.) The act of presuming, or believing upon probable evidence; the act of assuming or taking for granted; belief upon incomplete proof.

Presumption (n.) Ground for presuming; evidence probable, but not conclusive; strong probability; reasonable supposition; as, the presumption is that an event has taken place.

Presumption (n.) That which is presumed or assumed; that which is supposed or believed to be real or true, on evidence that is probable but not conclusive.

Presumption (n.) The act of venturing beyond due beyond due bounds; an overstepping of the bounds of reverence, respect, or courtesy; forward, overconfident, or arrogant opinion or conduct; presumptuousness; arrogance; effrontery.

Presumptive (a.) Based on presumption or probability; grounded on probable evidence; probable; as, presumptive proof.

Presumptive (a.) Presumptuous; arrogant.

Presupposal (n.) Presupposition.

Presupposed (imp. & p. p.) of Presuppose

Presystolic (a.) Preceding the systole or contraction of the heart; as, the presystolic friction sound.

Pretemporal (a.) Situated in front of the temporal bone.

Pretenceful (a.) Alt. of Pretenceless

Pretendence (n.) The act of pretending; pretense.

Pretenseful (a.) Abounding in pretenses.

Pretentious (a.) Full of pretension; disposed to lay claim to more than is one's; presuming; assuming.

Preterhuman (a.) More than human.

Preterition (n.) The act of passing, or going past; the state of being past.

Preterition (n.) A figure by which, in pretending to pass over anything, a summary mention of it is made; as, "I will not say, he is valiant, he is learned, he is just." Called also paraleipsis.

Preterition (n.) The omission by a testator of some one of his heirs who is entitled to a portion.

Preteritive (a.) Used only or chiefly in the preterit or past tenses, as certain verbs.

Preterlegal (a.) Exceeding the limits of law.

Pretertiary (a.) Earlier than Tertiary.

Pretypified (imp. & p. p.) of Pretypify

Prevailment (n.) Prevalence; superior influence; efficacy.

Prevalently (adv.) In a prevalent manner.

Prevaricate (v. i.) To shift or turn from one side to the other, from the direct course, or from truth; to speak with equivocation; to shuffle; to quibble; as, he prevaricates in his statement.

Prevaricate (v. i.) To collude, as where an informer colludes with the defendant, and makes a sham prosecution.

Prevaricate (v. i.) To undertake a thing falsely and deceitfully, with the purpose of defeating or destroying it.

Prevaricate (v. t.) To evade by a quibble; to transgress; to pervert.

Prevenience (n.) The act of going before; anticipation.

Preventable (a.) Capable of being prevented or hindered; as, preventable diseases.

Priapulacea (n. pl.) A suborder of Gephyraea, having a cylindrical body with a terminal anal opening, and usually with one or two caudal gills.

Prick-eared (a.) Having erect, pointed ears; -- said of certain dogs.

Pricking-up (n.) The first coating of plaster in work of three coats upon laths. Its surface is scratched once to form a better key for the next coat. In the United States called scratch coat.

Prickleback (n.) Alt. of Pricklefish

Pricklefish (n.) The stickleback.


Priestcraft (n.) Priestly policy; the policy of a priesthood; esp., in an ill sense, fraud or imposition in religious concerns; management by priests to gain wealth and power by working upon the religious motives or credulity of others.

Prima donna (a.) The first or chief female singer in an opera.

Prima facie () At first view; on the first appearance.

Primariness (n.) The quality or state of being primary, or first in time, in act, or in intention.

Primateship (n.) The office, dignity, or position of a primate; primacy.

Primigenial (a.) First born, or first of all; original; primary. See Primogenial.

Primigenous (a.) First formed or generated; original; primigenial.

Primiparous (a.) Belonging to a first birth; bearing young for the first time.

Primitively (adv.) Originally; at first.

Primitively (adv.) Primarily; not derivatively.

Primitively (adv.) According to the original rule or ancient practice; in the ancient style.

Primogenial (a.) First born, made, or generated; original; primary; elemental; as, primogenial light.

Primordiate (a.) Primordial.

Principally (adv.) In a principal manner; primarily; above all; chiefly; mainly.

Principiant (a.) Relating to principles or beginnings.

Principiate (v. t.) To begin; to initiate.

Principling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Principle

Prinpriddle (n.) The long-tailed titmouse.

Prismatical (a.) Resembling, or pertaining to, a prism; as, a prismatic form or cleavage.

Prismatical (a.) Separated or distributed by a prism; formed by a prism; as, prismatic colors.

Prismatical (a.) Same as Orthorhombic.

Privateered (imp. & p. p.) of Privateer

Privateness (n.) Seclusion from company or society; retirement; privacy; secrecy.

Privateness (n.) The state of one not invested with public office.

Privatively (adv.) In a privative manner; by the absence of something; negatively.

Privileging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Privilege

Probabilism (n.) The doctrine of the probabilists.

Probabilist (n.) One who maintains that certainty is impossible, and that probability alone is to govern our faith and actions.

Probabilist (n.) One who maintains that a man may do that which has a probability of being right, or which is inculcated by teachers of authority, although other opinions may seem to him still more probable.

Probability (n.) The quality or state of being probable; appearance of reality or truth; reasonable ground of presumption; likelihood.

Probability (n.) That which is or appears probable; anything that has the appearance of reality or truth.

Probability (n.) Likelihood of the occurrence of any event in the doctrine of chances, or the ratio of the number of favorable chances to the whole number of chances, favorable and unfavorable. See 1st Chance, n., 5.

Probational (a.) Probationary.

Probationer (n.) One who is undergoing probation; one who is on trial; a novice.

Probationer (n.) A student in divinity, who, having received certificates of good morals and qualifications from his university, is admitted to several trials by a presbytery, and, on acquitting himself well, is licensed to preach.

Problematic (a.) Alt. of Problematical

Proboscidea (n. pl.) An order of large mammals including the elephants and mastodons.

Proboscides (pl. ) of Proboscis

Procatarxis (n.) The kindling of a disease into action; also, the procatarctic cause.

Procephalic (a.) Pertaining to, or forming, the front of the head.

Procerebrum (n.) The prosencephalon.

Prochronism (n.) The dating of an event before the time it happened; an antedating; -- opposed to metachronism.

Prochronize (v. t.) To antedate.

Procidentia (n.) A falling down; a prolapsus.

Proclaiming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Proclaim

Proconsular (a.) Alt. of Proconsulary

Procrastine (v. t.) To procrastinate.

Procreating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Procreate

Procreation (n.) The act of begetting; generation and production of young.

Procreative (a.) Having the power to beget; generative.

Procrustean (a.) Of or pertaining to Procrustes, or the mode of torture practiced by him; producing conformity by violent means; as, the Procrustean treatment; a Procrustean limit. See Procrustes.

Proctodaeum (n.) See Mesenteron.

Proctorical (a.) Proctorial.

Proctorship (n.) The office or dignity of a proctor; also, the term of his office.

Procuracies (pl. ) of Procuracy

Procuration (n.) The act of procuring; procurement.

Procuration (n.) The management of another's affairs.

Procuration (n.) The instrument by which a person is empowered to transact the affairs of another; a proxy.

Procuration (n.) A sum of money paid formerly to the bishop or archdeacon, now to the ecclesiastical commissioners, by an incumbent, as a commutation for entertainment at the time of visitation; -- called also proxy.

Procuratory (a.) Tending to, or authorizing, procuration.

Procurement (n.) The act of procuring or obtaining; obtainment; attainment.

Procurement (n.) Efficient contrivance; management; agency.

Prodigality (n.) Extravagance in expenditure, particularly of money; excessive liberality; profusion; waste; -- opposed to frugality, economy, and parsimony.

Prodigalize (v. i.) To act as a prodigal; to spend liberally.

Prodigalize (v. t.) To expend lavishly.

Producement (n.) Production.

Productible (a.) Capable of being produced; producible.

Productress (n.) A female producer.

Proeguminal (a.) Serving to predispose; predisposing; as, a proeguminal cause of disease.

Proemptosis (n.) The addition of a day to the lunar calendar.

Profanation (v. t.) The act of violating sacred things, or of treating them with contempt or irreverence; irreverent or too familiar treatment or use of what is sacred; desecration; as, the profanation of the Sabbath; the profanation of a sanctuary; the profanation of the name of God.

Profanation (v. t.) The act of treating with abuse or disrespect, or with undue publicity, or lack of delicacy.

Profaneness (n.) The quality or state of being profane; especially, the use of profane language.

Professedly (adv.) By profession.

Proficience (n.) Alt. of Proficiency

Proficiency (n.) The quality of state of being proficient; advance in the acquisition of any art, science, or knowledge; progression in knowledge; improvement; adeptness; as, to acquire proficiency in music.

Profuseness (n.) Extravagance; profusion.

Progenerate (v. t.) To beget; to generate; to produce; to procreate; as, to progenerate a race.

Progeniture (n.) A begetting, or birth.

Prognathism (n.) Projection of the jaws.

Prognathous (a.) Having the jaws projecting beyond the upper part of the face; -- opposed to orthognathous. See Gnathic index, under Gnathic.

Programmata (pl. ) of Programma

Progressing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Progress

Progression (n.) The act of moving forward; a proceeding in a course; motion onward.

Progression (n.) Course; passage; lapse or process of time.

Progression (n.) Regular or proportional advance in increase or decrease of numbers; continued proportion, arithmetical, geometrical, or harmonic.

Progression (n.) A regular succession of tones or chords; the movement of the parts in harmony; the order of the modulations in a piece from key to key.

Progressist (n.) One who makes, or holds to, progress; a progressionist.

Progressive (a.) Moving forward; proceeding onward; advancing; evincing progress; increasing; as, progressive motion or course; -- opposed to retrograde.

Progressive (a.) Improving; as, art is in a progressive state.

Prohibiting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prohibit

Prohibition (n.) The act of prohibiting; a declaration or injunction forbidding some action; interdict.

Prohibition (n.) Specifically, the forbidding by law of the sale of alcoholic liquors as beverages.

Prohibitive (a.) That prohibits; prohibitory; as, a tax whose effect is prohibitive.

Prohibitory (a.) Tending to prohibit, forbid, or exclude; implying prohibition; forbidding; as, a prohibitory law; a prohibitory price.

Projectment (n.) Design; contrivance; projection.

Prolegomena (pl. ) of Prolegomenon

Proleptical (a.) Of or pertaining to prolepsis; anticipative.

Proleptical (a.) Previous; antecedent.

Proleptical (a.) Anticipating the usual time; -- applied to a periodical disease whose paroxysms return at an earlier hour at every repetition.

Proletarian (a.) Of or pertaining to the proletaries; belonging to the commonalty; hence, mean; vile; vulgar.

Proletarian (n.) A proletary.

Proletariat (n.) The indigent class in the State; the body of proletarians.

Proletaries (pl. ) of Proletary

Proliferate (v. t.) To produce or form cells; especially, to produce cells rapidly.

Proliferate (v. t.) To produce zooids by budding.

Proliferous (a.) Bearing offspring; -- applied to a flower from within which another is produced, or to a branch or frond from which another rises, or to a plant which is reproduced by buds or gemmae.

Proliferous (a.) Producing young by budding.

Proliferous (a.) Producing sexual zooids by budding; -- said of the blastostyle of a hydroid.

Proliferous (a.) Producing a cluster of branchlets from a larger branch; -- said of corals.

Prolificacy (n.) Prolificness.

Prolificate (v. t.) To make prolific; to fertilize; to impregnate.

Prolongable (a.) Capable of being prolonged; as, life is prolongable by care.

Prolongated (imp. & p. p.) of Prolongate

Prolongment (n.) Prolongation.

Promanation (n.) The act of flowing forth; emanation; efflux.

Promenading (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Promenade

Prominently (adv.) In a prominent manner.

Promiscuity (n.) Promiscuousness; confusion.

Promiscuous (a.) Consisting of individuals united in a body or mass without order; mingled; confused; undistinguished; as, a promiscuous crowd or mass.

Promiscuous (a.) Distributed or applied without order or discrimination; not restricted to an individual; common; indiscriminate; as, promiscuous love or intercourse.

Prompt-book (n.) The book used by a prompter of a theater.

Promptitude (a.) The quality of being prompt; quickness of decision and action when occasion demands; alacrity; as, promptitude in obedience.

Prompt-note (n.) A memorandum of a sale, and time when payment is due, given to the purchaser at a sale of goods.

Promulgated (imp. & p. p.) of Promulgate

Promulgator (n.) One who promulgates or publishes.

Pronounging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Pronounce

Pronouncing (a.) Pertaining to, or indicating, pronunciation; as, a pronouncing dictionary.

Proof-proof (a.) Proof against proofs; obstinate in the wrong.

Proostracum (n.) The anterior prolongation of the guard of the phragmocone of belemnites and allied fossil cephalopods, whether horny or calcareous. See Illust. of Phragmocone.

Propagating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Propagate

Propagation (n.) The act of propagating; continuance or multiplication of the kind by generation or successive production; as, the propagation of animals or plants.

Propagation (n.) The spreading abroad, or extension, of anything; diffusion; dissemination; as, the propagation of sound; the propagation of the gospel.

Propagative (a.) Producing by propagation, or by a process of growth.

Propendency (n.) Propensity.

Propendency (n.) Attentive deliberation.

Properation (n.) The act of hastening; haste.

Prophesying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prophesy

Prophetical (a.) Containing, or pertaining to, prophecy; foretelling events; as, prophetic writings; prophetic dreams; -- used with of before the thing foretold.

Prophylaxis (n.) The art of preserving from, or of preventing, disease; the observance of the rules necessary for the preservation of health; preservative or preventive treatment.

Propination (n.) The act of pledging, or drinking first, and then offering the cup to another.

Propinquity (n.) Ne

Propinquity (n.) Nearness in time.

Propinquity (n.) Nearness of blood; kindred; affinity.

Propithecus (n.) A genus including the long-tailed, or diadem, indris. See Indris.

Propitiable (a.) Capable of being propitiated.

Propitiated (imp. & p. p.) of Propitiate

Propitiator (n.) One who propitiates or appeases.

Proplastics (n.) The art of making molds for castings.

Propodialia (pl. ) of Propodiale

Proposition (n.) The act of setting or placing before; the act of offering.

Proposition (n.) That which is proposed; that which is offered, as for consideration, acceptance, or adoption; a proposal; as, the enemy made propositions of peace; his proposition was not accepted.

Proposition (n.) A statement of religious doctrine; an article of faith; creed; as, the propositions of Wyclif and Huss.

Proposition (n.) A complete sentence, or part of a sentence consisting of a subject and predicate united by a copula; a thought expressed or propounded in language; a from of speech in which a predicate is affirmed or denied of a subject; as, snow is white.

Proposition (n.) A statement in terms of a truth to be demonstrated, or of an operation to be performed.

Proposition (n.) That which is offered or affirmed as the subject of the discourse; anything stated or affirmed for discussion or illustration.

Proposition (n.) The part of a poem in which the author states the subject or matter of it.

Propounding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Propound

Proprietary (n.) A proprietor or owner; one who has exclusive title to a thing; one who possesses, or holds the title to, a thing in his own right.

Proprietary (n.) A body proprietors, taken collectively.

Proprietary (n.) A monk who had reserved goods and effects to himself, notwithstanding his renunciation of all at the time of profession.

Proprietary (a.) Belonging, or pertaining, to a proprietor; considered as property; owned; as, proprietary medicine.

Proprieties (pl. ) of Propriety

Propterygia (pl. ) of Propterygium

Propugnacle (n.) A fortress.

Propylidene (n.) See Propidene.

Prorogation (n.) The act of counting in duration; prolongation.

Prorogation (n.) The act of proroguing; the ending of the session of Parliament, and postponing of its business, by the command of the sovereign.

Proscolices (pl. ) of Proscolex

Proscribing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Proscribe

Prosecuting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prosecute

Prosecution (n.) The act or process of prosecuting, or of endeavoring to gain or accomplish something; pursuit by efforts of body or mind; as, the prosecution of a scheme, plan, design, or undertaking; the prosecution of war.

Prosecution (n.) The institution and carrying on of a suit in a court of law or equity, to obtain some right, or to redress and punish some wrong; the carrying on of a judicial proceeding in behalf of a complaining party, as distinguished from defense.

Prosecution (n.) The institution, or commencement, and continuance of a criminal suit; the process of exhibiting formal charges against an offender before a legal tribunal, and pursuing them to final judgment on behalf of the state or government, as by indictment or information.

Prosecution (n.) The party by whom criminal proceedings are instituted.

Prosecutrix (n.) A female prosecutor.

Proselyting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Proselyte

Proselytism (n.) The act or practice of proselyting; the making of converts to a religion or a religious sect, or to any opinion, system, or party.

Proselytism (n.) Conversion to a religion, system, or party.

Proselytize (v. t.) To convert to some religion, system, opinion, or the like; to bring, or cause to come, over; to proselyte.

Proselytize (v. i.) To make converts or proselytes.

Proseminary (n.) A seminary which prepares pupils for a higher institution.

Prosenchyma (n.) A general term applied to the tissues formed of elongated cells, especially those with pointed or oblique extremities, as the principal cells of ordinary wood.

Prosiliency (n.) The act of leaping forth or forward; projection.

Prosobranch (n.) One of the Prosobranchiata.

Prosocoelle (pl. ) of Prosocoelia

Prosocoelia (n.) Same as Prosocoele.

Prosodiacal (a.) Prosodical.

Prosopalgia (n.) Facial neuralgia.

Prosopop/ia (n.) A figure by which things are represented as persons, or by which things inanimate are spoken of as animated beings; also, a figure by which an absent person is introduced as speaking, or a deceased person is represented as alive and present. It includes personification, but is more extensive in its signification.

Prospecting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prospect

Prospection (n.) The act of looking forward, or of providing for future wants; foresight.

Prospective (n.) Of or pertaining to a prospect; furnishing a prospect; perspective.

Prospective (n.) Looking forward in time; acting with foresight; -- opposed to retrospective.

Prospective (n.) Being within view or consideration, as a future event or contingency; relating to the future: expected; as, a prospective benefit.

Prospective (n.) The scene before or around, in time or in space; view; prospect.

Prospective (n.) A perspective glass.

Prostatitis (n.) Inflammation of the prostate.

Prostituted (imp. & p. p.) of Prostitute

Prostitutor (n.) One who prostitutes; one who submits himself, of or offers another, to vile purposes.

Prostrating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prostrate

Prostration (n.) The act of prostrating, throwing down, or laying fiat; as, the prostration of the body.

Prostration (n.) The act of falling down, or of bowing in humility or adoration; primarily, the act of falling on the face, but usually applied to kneeling or bowing in reverence and worship.

Prostration (n.) The condition of being prostrate; great depression; lowness; dejection; as, a postration of spirits.

Prostration (n.) A latent, not an exhausted, state of the vital energies; great oppression of natural strength and vigor.

Prosylogism (n.) A syllogism preliminary or logically essential to another syllogism; the conclusion of such a syllogism, which becomes a premise of the following syllogism.

Protagonist (n.) One who takes the leading part in a drama; hence, one who takes lead in some great scene, enterprise, conflict, or the like.

Protandrous (a.) Proterandrous.

Proteaceous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Proteaceae, an order of apetalous evergreen shrubs, mostly natives of the Cape of Good Hope or of Australia.

Protectoral (a.) Of or pertaining to a protector; protectorial; as, protectoral power.

Protectress (n.) Alt. of Protectrix

Proteolysis (n.) The digestion or dissolving of proteid matter by proteolytic ferments.

Proteolytic (a.) Converting proteid or albuminous matter into soluble and diffusible products, as peptones.

Proterandry (n.) The condition of being proterandrous.

Protestancy (n.) Protestantism.

Protestator (n.) One who makes protestation; a protester.

Prothallium (n.) Same as Prothallus.

Protonotary (n.) A chief notary or clerk.

Protonotary (n.) Formerly, a chief clerk in the Court of King's Bench and in the Court of Common Pleas, now superseded by the master.

Protonotary (n.) A register or chief clerk of a court in certain States of the United States.

Protonotary (n.) Formerly, one who had the charge of writing the acts of the martyrs, and the circumstances of their death; now, one of twelve persons, constituting a college in the Roman Curia, whose office is to register pontifical acts and to make and preserve the official record of beatifications.

Protonotary (n.) The chief secretary of the patriarch of Constantinople.

Prothoracic (a.) Of or pertaining to the prothorax.

Protocercal (a.) Having a caudal fin extending around the end of the vertebral column, like that which is first formed in the embryo of fishes; diphycercal.

Protococcus (n.) A genus of minute unicellular algae including the red snow plant (Protococcus nivalis).

Protocolist (n.) One who draughts protocols.

Proto-Doric (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, architecture, in which the beginnings of the Doric style are supposed to be found.

Protogynous (a.) Same as Proterogynous.

Protohippus (n.) A genus of fossil horses from the Lower Pliocene. They had three toes on each foot, the lateral ones being small.

Protomartyr (n.) The first martyr; the first who suffers, or is sacrificed, in any cause; -- applied esp. to Stephen, the first Christian martyr.

Protomerite (n.) The second segment of one of the Gregarinae.

Protonemata (pl. ) of Protonema

Protonotary (n.) Same as Prothonotary.

Protoplasta (n. pl.) A division of fresh-water rhizopods including those that have a soft body and delicate branched pseudopodia. The genus Gromia is one of the best-known.

Protopodite (n.) The basal portion, or two proximal and more or less consolidated segments, of an appendage of a crustacean.

Protopterus (n.) See Komtok.

Protosomite (n.) One of the primitive segments, or metameres, of an animal.

Prototheria (n. pl.) Same as Monotremata.

Protoxidize (v. t.) To combine with oxygen, as any elementary substance, in such proportion as to form a protoxide.

Protracting (p. pr. vb. n.) of Protract

Protractile (a.) Capable of being protracted, or protruded; protrusile.

Protraction (n.) A drawing out, or continuing; the act of delaying the termination of a thing; prolongation; continuance; delay; as, the protraction of a debate.

Protraction (n.) The act or process of making a plot on paper.

Protraction (n.) A plot on paper.

Protractive (a.) Drawing out or lengthening in time; prolonging; continuing; delaying.

Protrudable (a.) That may be protruded; protrusile.

Protuberant (a.) Prominent, or excessively prominent; bulging beyond the surrounding or adjacent surface; swelling; as, a protuberant joint; a protuberant eye.

Protuberate (v. i.) To swell, or be prominent, beyond the adjacent surface; to bulge out.

Protuberous (a.) Protuberant.

Providently (adv.) In a provident manner.

Provinciate (v. t.) To convert into a province or provinces.

Provisioned (imp. & p. p.) of Provision

Provisional (a.) Of the nature of a provision; serving as a provision for the time being; -- used of partial or temporary arrangements; as, a provisional government; a provisional treaty.

Provisorily (adv.) In a provisory manner; conditionally; subject to a proviso; as, to admit a doctrine provisorily.

Provocation (n.) The act of provoking, or causing vexation or, anger.

Provocation (n.) That which provokes, or excites anger; the cause of resentment; as, to give provocation.

Provocation (n.) Incitement; stimulus; as, provocation to mirth.

Provocation (n.) Such prior insult or injury as may be supposed, under the circumstances, to create hot blood, and to excuse an assault made in retort or redress.

Provocation (n.) An appeal to a court. [A Latinism]

Provocative (a.) Serving or tending to provoke, excite, or stimulate; exciting.

Provocative (n.) Anything that is provocative; a stimulant; as, a provocative of appetite.

Provocatory (a.) Provocative.

Provokement (n.) The act that which, provokes; one who excites anger or other passion, or incites to action; as, a provoker of sedition.

Provostship (n.) The office of a provost.

Proximately (adv.) In a proximate manner, position, or degree; immediately.

Pruniferous (a.) Bearing plums.

Pruriginous (a.) Tending to, or caused by, prurigo; affected by, or of the nature of, prurigo.

Trabeculate (a.) Crossbarred, as the ducts in a banana stem.

Trachelidan (n.) Any one of a tribe of beetles (Trachelides) which have the head supported on a pedicel. The oil beetles and the Cantharides are examples.

Trachelipod (n.) One of the Trachelipoda.

Tracheocele (n.) Goiter.

Tracheocele (n.) A tumor containing air and communicating with the trachea.

Tracheotomy (n.) The operation of making an opening into the windpipe.

Trackmaster (n.) One who has charge of the track; -- called also roadmaster.

Tractitious (a.) Treating of; handling.

Trade union () An organized combination among workmen for the purpose of maintaining their rights, privileges, and interests with respect to wages, hours of labor, customs, etc.

Tradeswomen (pl. ) of Tradeswoman

Tradeswoman (n.) A woman who trades, or is skilled in trade.

Traditional (a.) Of or pertaining to tradition; derived from tradition; communicated from ancestors to descendants by word only; transmitted from age to age without writing; as, traditional opinions; traditional customs; traditional expositions of the Scriptures.

Traditional (a.) Observant of tradition; attached to old customs; old-fashioned.

Traditioner (n.) Alt. of Traditionist

Traducement (n.) The act of traducing; misrepresentation; ill-founded censure; defamation; calumny.

Traducingly (adv.) In a traducing manner; by traduction; slanderously.

Trafficking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Traffic

Trafficable (a.) Capable of being disposed of in traffic; marketable.

Trafficless (a.) Destitute of traffic, or trade.

Tragedienne (n.) A woman who plays in tragedy.

Tragi-comic (a.) Alt. of Tragi-comical

Trainbearer (n.) One who holds up a train, as of a robe.

Tralatition (n.) A change, as in the use of words; a metaphor.

Trammelling () of Trammel

Tranquilize (v. t.) Alt. of Tranquillize

Transacting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Transact

Transaction (n.) The doing or performing of any business; management of any affair; performance.

Transaction (n.) That which is done; an affair; as, the transactions on the exchange.

Transaction (n.) An adjustment of a dispute between parties by mutual agreement.

Transalpine (a.) Being on the farther side of the Alps in regard to Rome, that is, on the north or west side of the Alps; of or pertaining to the region or the people beyond the Alps; as, transalpine Gaul; -- opposed to cisalpine.

Transalpine (n.) A native or inhabitant of a country beyond the Alps, that is, out of Italy.

Transcalent (a.) Pervious to, or permitting the passage of, heat.

Transcended (imp. & p. p.) of Transcend

Transcolate (v. t.) To cause to pass through a sieve or colander; to strain, as through a sieve.

Transcribed (imp. & p. p.) of Transcribe

Transcriber (n.) One who transcribes, or writes from a copy; a copier; a copyist.

Transferred (imp. & p. p.) of Transfer

Transferrer (n.) One who makes a transfer or conveyance.

Transfigure (v. t.) To change the outward form or appearance of; to metamorphose; to transform.

Transfigure (v. t.) Especially, to change to something exalted and glorious; to give an ideal form to.

Transfixing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Transfix

Transfixion (n.) The act of transfixing, or the state of being transfixed, or pierced.

Transfluent (a.) Flowing or running across or through; as, a transfluent stream.

Transfluent (a.) Passing or flowing through a bridge; -- said of water.

Transforate (v. t.) To bore through; to perforate.

Transformed (imp. & p. p.) of Transform

Transformer (n.) One who, or that which, transforms. Specif. (Elec.), an apparatus for producing from a given electrical current another current of different voltage.

Transfusing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Transfuse

Transfusion (n.) The act of transfusing, or pouring, as liquor, out of one vessel into another.

Transfusion (n.) The act or operation of transferring the blood of one man or animal into the vascular system of another; also, the introduction of any fluid into the blood vessels, or into a cavity of the body from which it can readily be adsorbed into the vessels; intrafusion; as, the peritoneal transfusion of milk.

Transfusive (a.) Tending to transfuse; having power to transfuse.

Translating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Translate

Translation (n.) The act of translating, removing, or transferring; removal; also, the state of being translated or removed; as, the translation of Enoch; the translation of a bishop.

Translation (n.) The act of rendering into another language; interpretation; as, the translation of idioms is difficult.

Translation (n.) That which is obtained by translating something a version; as, a translation of the Scriptures.

Translation (n.) A transfer of meaning in a word or phrase, a metaphor; a tralation.

Translation (n.) Transfer of meaning by association; association of ideas.

Translation (n.) Motion in which all the points of the moving body have at any instant the same velocity and direction of motion; -- opposed to rotation.

Translative (a.) tropical; figurative; as, a translative sense.

Translatory (a.) Serving to translate; transferring.

Translucent (a.) Transmitting rays of light without permitting objects to be distinctly seen; partially transparent.

Translucent (a.) Transparent; clear.

Translunary (a.) Being or lying beyond the moon; hence, ethereal; -- opposed to sublunary.

Transmarine (a.) Lying or being beyond the sea.

Transmeable (a.) Alt. of Transmeatable

Transmitted (imp. & p. p.) of Transmit

Transmittal (n.) Transmission.

Transmitter (n.) One who, or that which, transmits; specifically, that portion of a telegraphic or telephonic instrument by means of which a message is sent; -- opposed to receiver.

Transmuting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Transmute

Transmutual (a.) Reciprocal; commutual.

Transnature (v. t.) To transfer or transform the nature of.

Transpadane (a.) Lying or being on the further side of the river Po with reference to Rome, that is, on the north side; -- opposed to cispadane.

Transparent (a.) Having the property of transmitting rays of light, so that bodies can be distinctly seen through; pervious to light; diaphanous; pellucid; as, transparent glass; a transparent diamond; -- opposed to opaque.

Transparent (a.) Admitting the passage of light; open; porous; as, a transparent veil.

Transpierce (v. t.) To pierce through; to penetrate; to permeate; to pass through.

Transpiring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Transpire

Transplaced (imp. & p. p.) of Transplace

Transported (imp. & p. p.) of Transport

Transportal (n.) Transportation; the act of removing from one locality to another.

Transported (a.) Conveyed from one place to another; figuratively, carried away with passion or pleasure; entranced.

Transporter (n.) One who transports.

Transposing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Transpose

Transshaped (imp. & p. p.) of Transshape

Transsummer (n.) See Transom, 2.

Transvasate (v. t.) To pour out of one vessel into another.

Transversal (a.) Running or lying across; transverse; as, a transversal

Transversal (n.) A straight

Transversed (imp. & p. p.) of Transverse

Trapeziform (a.) Having the form of a trapezium; trapezoid.

Trapezoidal (a.) Having the form of a trapezoid; trapezoid.

Trapezoidal (a.) Trapezohedral.

Traversable (a.) Capable of being traversed, or passed over; as, a traversable region.

Traversable (a.) Deniable; specifically (Law), liable to legal objection; as, a traversable presentment.

Treacherous (a.) Like a traitor; involving treachery; violating allegiance or faith pledged; traitorous to the state or sovereign; perfidious in private life; betraying a trust; faithless.

Treachetour (n.) Alt. of Treachour

Treasonable (a.) Pertaining to treason; consisting of treason; involving the crime of treason, or partaking of its guilt.

Trechometer (n.) An odometer for vehicles.

Treckschuyt (n.) A covered boat for goods and passengers, used on the Dutch and Flemish canals.

Trenchantly (adv.) In a trenchant, or sharp, manner; sharply; severely.

Trench-plow (v. t.) Alt. of Trench-plough

Trepidation (n.) An involuntary trembling, sometimes an effect of paralysis, but usually caused by terror or fear; quaking; quivering.

Trepidation (n.) Hence, a state of terror or alarm; fear; confusion; fright; as, the men were in great trepidation.

Trepidation (n.) A libration of the starry sphere in the Ptolemaic system; a motion ascribed to the firmament, to account for certain small changes in the position of the ecliptic and of the stars.

Trespassing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Trespass

Trestletree (n.) One of two strong bars of timber, fixed horizontally on the opposite sides of the masthead, to support the crosstrees and the frame of the top; -- generally used in the plural.

Trestlework (n.) A viaduct, pier, scaffold, or the like, resting on trestles connected together.

Triableness (n.) Quality or state of being triable.

Triangulate (v. t.) To divide into triangles; specifically, to survey by means of a series of triangles properly laid down and measured.

Triangulate (v. t.) To make triangular, or three-cornered.

Tribulation (n.) That which occasions distress, trouble, or vexation; severe affliction.

Tribuneship (n.) The office or power of a tribune.

Tribunician (a.) Alt. of Tribunitian

Tribunitial (a.) Alt. of Tribunitian

Tribunitian (a.) Of or pertaining to tribunes; befitting a tribune; as, tribunitial power or authority.

Trubutarily (adv.) In a tributary manner.

Tributaries (pl. ) of Tributary

Trichinosis (n.) The disease produced by the presence of trichinae in the muscles and intestinal track. It is marked by fever, muscular pains, and symptoms resembling those of typhoid fever, and is frequently fatal.

Trichiuroid (a.) Of, like, or pertaining to, Trichiurus.

Trichloride (n.) A chloride having three atoms of chlorine in the molecule.

Trichomanes (n.) Any fern of the genus Trichomanes. The fronds are very delicate and often translucent, and the sporangia are borne on threadlike receptacles rising from the middle of cup-shaped marginal involucres. Several species are common in conservatories; two are native in the United States.

Trichophore (n.) The special cell in red algae which produces or bears a trichogyne. See Illust. of Trichogyne.

Trichophore (n.) One of the saclike organs from which the setae of annelids arise.

Trichoptera (n. pl.) A suborder of Neuroptera usually having the wings covered with minute hairs. It comprises the caddice flies, and is considered by some to be a distinct order.

Tricksiness (n.) The quality or state of being tricksy; trickiness.

Tricliniary (a.) Of or pertaining to a triclinium, or to the ancient mode of reclining at table.

Tricorporal (a.) Alt. of Tricorporate

Tridecatoic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, that acid of the fatty acids heterologous with tridecane. It is a white crystal

Tridentated (a.) Having three teeth; three-toothed.

Tridiapason (n.) A triple octave, or twenty-second.

Triennially (adv.) Once in three years.

Trieterical (a.) Kept or occurring once in three years; triennial.

Trifallowed (imp. & p. p.) of Trifallow

Trifoliated (a.) Having three leaves or leaflets, as clover. See Illust. of Shamrock.

Trifurcated (a.) Having three branches or forks; trichotomous.

Trigeminous (a.) Born three together; being one of three born at the same birth; also, threefold.

Trilobation (n.) The state of being trilobate.

Triluminous (a.) Having three lights

Trimestrial (a.) Of or pertaining to a trimester, or period of three months; occurring once in every three months; quarterly.

Trimetrical (a.) Same as Trimeter.

Trimorphous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or characterized by, trimorphism; -- contrasted with monomorphic, dimorphic, and polymorphic.

Trimorphism (n.) The property of crystallizing in three forms fundamentally distinct, as is the case with titanium dioxide, which crystallizes in the forms of rutile, octahedrite, and brookite. See Pleomorphism.

Trimorphism (n.) The coexistence among individuals of the same species of three distinct forms, not connected, as a rule, by intermediate gradations; the condition among individuals of the same species of having three different shapes or proportions of corresponding parts; -- contrasted with polymorphism, and dimorphism.

Trinitarian (a.) Of or pertaining to the Trinity, the doctrine of the Trinity, or believers in that doctrine.

Trinitarian (n.) One who believes in the doctrine of the Trinity.

Trinitarian (n.) One of a monastic order founded in Rome in 1198 by St. John of Matha, and an old French hermit, Felix of Valois, for the purpose of redeeming Christian captives from the Mohammedans.

Tripalmitin (n.) See Palmitin.

Tripartible (a.) Divisible into three parts.

Tripartient (a.) Dividing into three parts; -- said of a number which exactly divides another into three parts.

Tripersonal (a.) Consisting of three persons.

Tripetaloid (a.) Having the form or appearance of three petals; appearing as if furnished with three petals.

Tripetalous (a.) Having three petals, or flower leaves; three-petaled.

Trip hammer () A tilt hammer.

Triphyllous (a.) Having three leaves; three-leaved.

Triple-tail (n.) An edible fish (Lobotes Surinamensis) found in the warmer parts of all the oceans, and common on the southern and middle coasts of the United States. When living it is silvery gray, and becomes brown or blackish when dead. Its dorsal and anal fins are long, and extend back on each side of the tail. It has large silvery scales which are used in the manufacture of fancy work. Called also, locally, black perch, grouper, and flasher.

Triploidite (n.) A manganese phosphate near triplite, but containing hydroxyl instead of fluorine.

Triquetrous (a.) Three sided, the sides being plane or concave; having three salient angles or edges; trigonal.

Triradiated (a.) Having three rays.

Triseralous (a.) Having three sepals, or calyx leaves.

Trisnitrate (n.) A nitrate formed from three molecules of nitric acid; also, less properly, applied to certain basic nitrates; as, trisnitrate of bismuth.

Trispermous (a.) Containing three seeds; three-seeded; as, a trispermous capsule.

Tristearate (n.) Tristearin.

Tristichous (a.) Arranged in three vertical rows.

Tristitiate (v. t.) To make sad.

Trisulphide (n.) A sulphide containing three atoms of sulphur.

Trisyllabic (a.) Alt. of Trisyllabical

Trisyllable (n.) A word consisting of three syllables only; as, a-ven-ger.

Tritheistic (a.) Alt. of Tritheistical

Trithionate (n.) A salt of trithionic acid.

Triturating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Triturate

Trituration (n.) The act of triturating, or reducing to a fine or impalpable powder by grinding, rubbing, bruising, etc.

Triumvirate (n.) Government by three in coalition or association; the term of such a government.

Triumvirate (n.) A coalition or association of three in office or authority; especially, the union of three men who obtained the government of the Roman empire.

Trivalvular (a.) Having three valves; three-valved.

Trivialness (n.) Quality or state of being trivial.

Trochantine (n.) The second joint of the leg of an insect, -- often united with the coxa.

Trochometer (n.) A contrivance for computing the revolutions of a wheel; an odometer.

Troglodytes (n.) A genus of apes including the chimpanzee.

Troglodytes (n.) A genus of singing birds including the common wrens.

Troglodytic (a.) Alt. of Troglodytical

Trophosperm (n.) The placenta.

Tropilidene (n.) A liquid hydrocarbon obtained by the dry distillation of tropine with quicklime. It is regarded as being homologous with dipropargyl.

Tropologize (v. t.) To use in a tropological sense, as a word; to make a trope of.

Trothplight (v. t.) To betroth.

Trothplight (a.) Betrothed; espoused; affianced.

Trothplight (n.) The act of betrothing, or plighting faith; betrothing.

Troublesome (a.) Giving trouble or anxiety; vexatious; burdensome; wearisome.

Trucidation (n.) The act of killing.

Truckle-bed (n.) A low bed on wheels, that may be pushed under another bed; a trundle-bed.

Truculently (adv.) In a truculent manner.

Trumpetweed (n.) An herbaceous composite plant (Eupatorium purpureum), often having hollow stems, and bearing purplish flowers in small corymbed heads.

Trumpetweed (n.) The sea trumpet.

Trumpetwood (n.) A tropical American tree (Cecropia peltata) of the Breadfruit family, having hollow stems, which are used for wind instruments; -- called also snakewood, and trumpet tree.

Truncheoned (a.) Having a truncheon.

Trundle-bed (n.) A low bed that is moved on trundles, or little wheels, so that it can be pushed under a higher bed; a truckle-bed; also, sometimes, a simiral bed without wheels.

Trundlehead (n.) One of the disks forming the ends of a lantern wheel or pinion.

Trundlehead (n.) The drumhead of a capstan; especially, the drumhead of the lower of two capstans on the sane axis.

Trundletail (n.) A round or curled-up tail; also, a dog with such a tail.

Trusteeship (n.) The office or duty of a trustee.

Trustworthy (a.) Worthy of trust or confidence; trusty.

Truth-lover (n.) One who loves the truth.

Trutination (n.) The act of weighing.

Truttaceous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a trout; as, fish of the truttaceous kind.

Trypsinogen (n.) The antecedent of trypsin, a substance which is contained in the cells of the pancreas and gives rise to the trypsin.

Ural-Altaic (a.) Of or pertaining to the Urals and the Altai; as the Ural-Altaic, or Turanian, languages.

Uranography (n.) A description or plan of the heavens and the heavenly bodies; the construction of celestial maps, globes, etc.; uranology.

Uranometria (n.) A uranometry.

Uranoplasty (n.) The plastic operation for closing a fissure in the hard palate.

Urechitoxin (n.) A poisonous glucoside found accompanying urechitin, and extracted as a bitter white crystal

Urethrotome (n.) An instrument for cutting a urethral stricture.

Urethrotomy (n.) An incision of the urethra, esp. incision for relief of urethral stricture.

Uriniferous (a.) Bearing or conveying urine; as, uriniferous tubules.

Uriniparous (a.) Producing or preparing urine; as, the uriniparous tubes in the cortical portion of the kidney.

Uroerythrin (n.) A reddish urinary pigment, considered as the substance which gives to the urine of rheumatism its characteristic color. It also causes the red color often seen in deposits of urates.

Urohaematin (n.) Urinary haematin; -- applied to the normal coloring matter of the urine, on the supposition that it is formed either directly or indirectly (through bilirubin) from the haematin of the blood. See Urochrome, and Urobilin.

Urosternite (n.) The sternal, or under piece, of any one of the uromeres of insects and other arthropods.

Urticaceous (a.) Of or pertaining to a natural order (Urticaceae) of plants, of which the nettle is the type. The order includes also the hop, the elm, the mulberry, the fig, and many other plants.

Wranglesome (a.) Contentious; quarrelsome.

Wringstaves (pl. ) of Wringstaff

Writability (n.) Ability or capacity to write.

Wrongheaded (a.) Wrong in opinion or principle; having a perverse understanding; perverse.

Wrong-timed (a.) Done at an improper time; ill-timed.

About the author

Mark McCracken

Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".

Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken , All Rights Reserved.