13 letter words whose second letter is R

Arachnologist (n.) One who is versed in, or studies, arachnology.

Arbitrariness (n.) The quality of being arbitrary; despoticalness; tyranny.

Arboriculture (n.) The cultivation of trees and shrubs, chiefly for timber or for ornamental purposes.

Archaeography (n.) A description of, or a treatise on, antiquity or antiquities.

Archaeolithic (a.) Of or pertaining to the earliest Stone age; -- applied to a prehistoric period preceding the Paleolithic age.

Archaeologian (n.) An archaeologist.

Archaeologist (n.) One versed in archaeology; an antiquary.

Archaeopteryx (n.) A fossil bird, of the Jurassic period, remarkable for having a long tapering tail of many vertebrae with feathers along each side, and jaws armed with teeth, with other reptilian characteristics.

Archbishopric (n.) The jurisdiction or office of an archbishop; the see or province over which archbishop exercises archiepiscopal authority.

Archencephala (n. pl.) The division that includes man alone.

Archeological (a.) Same as Archaeology, etc.

Archiannelida (n. pl.) A group of Annelida remarkable for having no external segments or distinct ventral nerve ganglions.

Archiblastula (n.) A hollow blastula, supposed to be the primitive form; a c/loblastula.

Archidiaconal (a.) Of or pertaining to an archdeacon.

Archimandrite (n.) A chief of a monastery, corresponding to abbot in the Roman Catholic church.

Archimandrite (n.) A superintendent of several monasteries, corresponding to superior abbot, or father provincial, in the Roman Catholic church.

Architectonic (a.) Alt. of Architectonical

Architectonic (n.) The science of architecture.

Architectonic (n.) The act of arranging knowledge into a system.

Architectress (n.) A female architect.

Architectural (a.) Of or pertaining to the art of building; conformed to the rules of architecture.

Archpresbyter (n.) Same as Archpriest.

Archtreasurer (n.) A chief treasurer. Specifically, the great treasurer of the German empire.

Argentiferous (a.) Producing or containing silver; as, argentiferous lead ore or veins.

Argilliferous (a.) Producing clay; -- applied to such earths as abound with argil.

Argumentation (n.) The act of forming reasons, making inductions, drawing conclusions, and applying them to the case in discussion; the operation of inferring propositions, not known or admitted as true, from facts or principles known, admitted, or proved to be true.

Argumentation (n.) Debate; discussion.

Argumentative (a.) Consisting of, or characterized by, argument; containing a process of reasoning; as, an argumentative discourse.

Argumentative (a.) Adductive as proof; indicative; as, the adaptation of things to their uses is argumentative of infinite wisdom in the Creator.

Argumentative (a.) Given to argument; characterized by argument; disputatious; as, an argumentative writer.

Ariel gazelle () A variety of the gazelle (Antilope, / Gazella, dorcas), found in Arabia and adjacent countries.

Ariel gazelle () A squirrel-like Australian marsupial, a species of Petaurus.

Ariel gazelle () A beautiful Brazilian toucan Ramphastos ariel).

Aristocracies (pl. ) of Aristocracy

Aristocratism (n.) The principles of aristocrats.

Aristocratism (n.) Aristocrats, collectively.

Arithmetician (n.) One skilled in arithmetic.

Aromatization (n.) The act of impregnating or secting with aroma.

Arterializing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Arterialize

Arteriography (n.) A systematic description of the arteries.

Artificiality (n.) The quality or appearance of being artificial; that which is artificial.

Artificialize (v. t.) To render artificial.

Arundinaceous (a.) Of or pertaining to a reed; resembling the reed or cane.

Brachioganoid (n.) One of the Brachioganoidei.

Brachycephaly (n.) Alt. of Brachycephalism

Brachygrapher (n.) A writer in short hand; a stenographer.

Brachypterous (a.) Having short wings.

Branchiferous (a.) Having gills; branchiate; as, branchiferous gastropods.

Branchiostege () The branchiostegal membrane. See Illustration in Appendix.

Branchiostoma (n.) The lancelet. See Amphioxus.

Branding iron () An iron to brand with.

Brassicaceous (a.) Related to, or resembling, the cabbage, or plants of the Cabbage family.

Brass-visaged (a.) Impudent; bold.

Brazen-browed (a.) Shamelessly impudent.

Breadthwinner (n.) The member of a family whose labor supplies the food of the family; one who works for his living.

Break-circuit (n.) A key or other device for breaking an electrical circuit.

Brequet chain () A watch-guard.

Breviloquence (n.) A brief and pertinent mode of speaking.

Brevirostrate (a.) Short-billed; having a short beak.

Brilliantness (n.) Brilliancy; splendor; glitter.

Broad-brimmed (a.) Having a broad brim.

Broken-backed (a.) Having a broken back; as, a broken-backed chair.

Broken-backed (a.) Hogged; so weakened in the frame as to droop at each end; -- said of a ship.

Broken-winded (a.) Having short breath or disordered respiration, as a horse.

Bromatologist (n.) One versed in the science of foods.

Bromeliaceous (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a family of endogenous and mostly epiphytic or saxicolous plants of which the genera Tillandsia and Billbergia are examples. The pineapple, though terrestrial, is also of this family.

Brontotherium (n.) A genus of large extinct mammals from the miocene strata of western North America. They were allied to the rhinoceros, but the skull bears a pair of powerful horn cores in front of the orbits, and the fore feet were four-toed. See Illustration in Appendix.


Brutalization (n.) The act or process of making brutal; state of being brutalized.

Crack-brained (a.) Having an impaired intellect; whimsical; crazy.

Craftsmanship (n.) The work of a craftsman.

Craniological (a.) Of or pertaining to craniology.

Cranioscopist (n.) One skilled in, or who practices, cranioscopy.

Cream-colored (a.) Of the color of cream; light yellow.

Crebricostate (a.) Marked with closely set ribs or ridges.

Crebrisulcate (a.) Marked with closely set transverse furrows.

Credulousness (n.) Readiness to believe on slight evidence; credulity.

Crinicultural (a.) Relating to the growth of hair.

Cross-examine (v. t.) To examine or question, as a witness who has been called and examined by the opposite party.

Crosshatching (n.) In drawing and

Cross-purpose (n.) A counter or opposing purpose; hence, that which is inconsistent or contradictory.

Cross-purpose (n.) A conversational game, in which questions and answers are made so as to involve ludicrous combinations of ideas.

Cross-reading (n.) The reading of the

Crotchetiness (n.) The state or character of being crotchety, or whimsical.

Crustaceology (n.) That branch of Zoology which treats of the Crustacea; malacostracology; carcinology.

Crustalogical (a.) Pertaining to crustalogy.

Cryptographal (a.) Pertaining to cryptography; cryptographical.

Cryptographer (n.) One who writes in cipher, or secret characters.

Cryptographic (a.) Alt. of Cryptographical

Crystallizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crystallize

Crystallogeny (n.) The science which pertains to the production of crystals.

Cristallology (n.) The science of the crystal

Dragon's head () Alt. of Dragon's tail

Dragon's tail () See Dragon's blood, Dragon's head, etc., under Dragon.

Dramatization (n.) Act of dramatizing.

Drawing knife (n.) Alt. of Drawknife

Dreadlessness (n.) Freedom from dread.

Drinkableness (n.) State of being drinkable.

Dropsicalness (n.) State of being dropsical.

Erecto-patent (a.) Having a position intermediate between erect and patent, or spreading.

Erecto-patent (a.) Standing partially spread and erect; -- said of the wings of certain insects.

Erysipelatoid (a.) Resembling erysipelas.

Erysipelatous (a.) Resembling erysipelas, or partaking of its nature.

Erythrochroic (a.) Having, or subject to, erythrochroism.

Erythrolitmin (n.) Erythrolein.

Fragmentarily (adv.) In a fragmentary manner; piecemeal.

Franchisement (n.) Release; deliverance; freedom.

Frankalmoigne (a.) A tenure by which a religious corporation holds lands given to them and their successors forever, usually on condition of praying for the soul of the donor and his heirs; -- called also tenure by free alms.

Free-swimming (a.) Swimming in the open sea; -- said of certain marine animals.

Frequentation (n.) The act or habit of frequenting or visiting often; resort.

Frequentative (a.) Serving to express the frequent repetition of an action; as, a frequentative verb.

Frequentative (n.) A frequentative verb.

Frigate-built (a.) Built like a frigate with a raised quarter-deck and forecastle.

Frightfulness (n.) The quality of being frightful.

Frumentaceous (a.) Made of, or resembling, wheat or other grain.

Frumentarious (a.) Of or pertaining to wheat or grain.

Graminivorous (a.) Feeding or subsisting on grass, and the like food; -- said of horses, cattle, and other animals.

Grammarianism (n.) The principles, practices, or peculiarities of grammarians.

Grammaticized (imp. & p. p.) of Grammaticize

Granddaughter (n.) The daughter of one's son or daughter.

Grandfatherly (a.) Like a grandfather in age or manner; kind; benignant; indulgent.

Grandiloquent (a.) Speaking in a lofty style; pompous; bombastic.

Grandiloquous (a.) Grandiloquent.

Grandmotherly (a.) Like a grandmother in age or manner; kind; indulgent.

Granite State () New Hampshire; -- a nickname alluding to its mountains, which are chiefly of granite.

Granuliferous (a.) Full of granulations.

Graphicalness (n.) The quality or state of being graphic.

Graticulation (n.) The division of a design or draught into squares, in order the more easily to reproduce it in larger or smaller dimensions.

Gratification (n.) The act of gratifying, or pleasing, either the mind, the taste, or the appetite; as, the gratification of the palate, of the appetites, of the senses, of the desires, of the heart.

Gratification (n.) That which affords pleasure; satisfaction; enjoyment; fruition: delight.

Gratification (n.) A reward; a recompense; a gratuity.

Gravitational (a.) Of or pertaining to the force of gravity; as, gravitational units.

Great-bellied (a.) Having a great belly; bigbellied; pregnant; teeming.

Great-hearted (a.) High-spirited; fearless.

Great-hearted (a.) Generous; magnanimous; noble.

Grindle stone () A grindstone.

Grotesqueness (n.) Quality of being grotesque.

Ironbark tree () The Australian Eucalyptus Sideroxylon, used largely by carpenters and shipbuilders; -- called also ironwood.

Irrationality (n.) The quality or state of being irrational.

Irreclaimable (a.) Incapable of being reclaimed.

Irrecognition (n.) A failure to recognize; absence of recognition.

Irrecoverable (a.) Not capable of being recovered, regained, or remedied; irreparable; as, an irrecoverable loss, debt, or injury.

Irrecuperable (a.) Irrecoverable.

Irrefrangible (a.) Not refrangible; that can not be refracted in passing from one medium to another.

Irreligionist (n.) One who is irreligious.

Irreligiously (adv.) In an irreligious manner.

Irremunerable (a.) Not remunerable; not capable of remuneration.

Irrepleviable (a.) Alt. of Irreplevisable

Irrepressible (a.) Not capable of being repressed, restrained, or controlled; as, irrepressible joy; an irrepressible conflict.

Irrepressibly (adv.) In a manner or to a degree that can not be repressed.

Irresponsible (a.) Nor responsible; not liable or able to answer fro consequences; innocent.

Irresponsible (a.) Not to be trusted; unreliable.

Irresponsibly (adv.) So as not to be responsible.

Irretraceable (a.) Incapable of being retraced; not retraceable.

Irretrievable (a.) Not retrievable; irrecoverable; irreparable; as, an irretrievable loss.

Irretrievably (adv.) In an irretrievable manner.

Irritableness (n.) Irritability.

Kranging hook () A hook for holding the blubber while cutting it away.

Orchesography (n.) A treatise upon dancing.

Orchestration (n.) The arrangement of music for an orchestra; orchestral treatment of a composition; -- called also instrumentation.

Orchidologist (n.) One versed in orchidology.

Orchilla weed () The lichen from which archil is obtained. See Archil.

Organicalness (n.) The quality or state of being organic.

Organogenesis (n.) The origin and development of organs in animals and plants.

Organogenesis (n.) The germ history of the organs and systems of organs, -- a branch of morphogeny.

Organographic (a.) Alt. of Organographical

Organological (a.) Of or relating to organology.

Organoplastic (a.) Having the property of producing the tissues or organs of animals and plants; as, the organoplastic cells.

Organotrophic (a.) Relating to the creation, organization, and nutrition of living organs or parts.

Orientalizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Orientalize

Orismological (a.) Of or pertaining to orismology.

Ornamentation (n.) The act or art of ornamenting, or the state of being ornamented.

Ornamentation (n.) That which ornaments; ornament.

Ornithichnite (n.) The footmark of a bird occurring in strata of stone.

Ornithologist (n.) One skilled in ornithology; a student of ornithology; one who describes birds.

Ornithosauria (n. pl.) An order of extinct flying reptiles; -- called also Pterosauria.

Ornithotomist (n.) One who is skilled in ornithotomy.

Orphanotrophy (n.) A hospital for orphans.

Orphanotrophy (n.) The act of supporting orphans.

Orthocarbonic (a.) Designating a complex ether, C.(OC2H5)4, which is obtained as a liquid of a pleasant ethereal odor by means of chlorpicrin, and is believed to be a derivative of the hypothetical normal carbonic acid, C.(OH)4.

Orthoceratite (n.) An orthoceras; also, any fossil shell allied to Orthoceras.

Orthodiagonal (n.) The diagonal or lateral axis in a monoclinic crystal which is at right angles with the vertical axis.

Orthodoxality (n.) Orthodoxness.

Orthognathism (n.) The quality or state of being orthognathous.

Orthognathous (a.) Having the front of the head, or the skull, nearly perpendicular, not retreating backwards above the jaws; -- opposed to prognathous. See Gnathic index, under Gnathic.

Orthographist (n.) One who spells words correctly; an orthographer.

Orthographize (v. t.) To spell correctly or according to usage; to correct in regard to spelling.

Orthopinacoid (n.) A name given to the two planes in the monoclinic system which are parallel to the vertical and orthodiagonal axes.

Orthospermous (a.) Having the seeds straight, as in the fruits of some umbelliferous plants; -- opposed to coelospermous.

Orthostichies (pl. ) of Orthostichy

Oryctological (a.) Of or pertaining to oryctology.

Practicalness (n.) Same as Practicality.

Praefloration (n.) Same as Prefloration.

Praefoliation (n.) Same as Prefoliation.

Praenominical (a.) Of or pertaining to a praenomen.

Praeoperculum (n.) Same as Preoperculum.

Pragmatically (adv.) In a pragmatical manner.

Preaccusation (n.) Previous accusation.

Preadjustment (n.) Previous adjustment.

Preadmonition (n.) Previous warning or admonition; forewarning.

Preambulation (n.) A walking or going before; precedence.

Preambulation (n.) A preamble.

Preambulatory (a.) Preceding; going before; introductory.

Precautionary (a.) Of or pertaining to precaution, or precautions; as, precautionary signals.

Precentorship (n.) The office of a precentor.

Precipitantly (adv.) With rash or foolish haste; in headlong manner.

Precipitating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Precipitate

Precipitately (adv.) In a precipitate manner; headlong; hastily; rashly.

Precipitation (n.) The act of precipitating, or the state of being precipitated, or thrown headlong.

Precipitation (n.) A falling, flowing, or rushing downward with violence and rapidity.

Precipitation (n.) Great hurry; rash, tumultuous haste; impetuosity.

Precipitation (n.) The act or process of precipitating from a solution.

Precognizable (a.) Cognizable beforehand.

Precollection (n.) A collection previously made.

Preconceiving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preconceive

Preconception (n.) The act of preconceiving; conception or opinion previously formed.

Preconcerting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preconcert

Preconcertion (n.) The act of preconcerting; preconcert.

Preconformity (n.) Anticipative or antecedent conformity.

Preconization (n.) A publishing by proclamation; a public proclamation.

Preconization (n.) A formal approbation by the pope of a person nominated to an ecclesiastical dignity.

Preconsigning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preconsign

Preconstitute (v. t.) To constitute or establish beforehand.

Precontracted (imp. & p. p.) of Precontract

Precursorship (n.) The position or condition of a precursor.

Prededication (n.) A dedication made previously or beforehand.

Predestinated (imp. & p. p.) of Predestinate

Predestinator (n.) One who predestinates, or foreordains.

Predestinator (n.) One who holds to the doctrine of predestination; a predestinarian.

Predetermined (imp. & p. p.) of Predetermine

Predicability (n.) The quality or state of being predicable, or affirmable of something, or attributed to something.

Predicamental (a.) Of or pertaining to a predicament.

Predisponency (n.) The state of being predisposed; predisposition.

Predominantly (adv.) In a predominant manner.

Predominating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Predominate

Predomination (n.) The act or state of predominating; ascendency; predominance.

Preengagement (n.) Prior engagement, obligation, or attachment, as by contract, promise, or affection.

Preferability (n.) The quality or state of being preferable; preferableness.

Prefiguration (n.) The act of prefiguring, or the state of being prefigured.

Prefigurative (a.) Showing by prefiguration.

Prefigurement (n.) The act of prefiguring; prefiguration; also, that which is prefigured.

Preinstructed (imp. & p. p.) of Preinstruct

Preintimation (n.) Previous intimation; a suggestion beforehand.

Prejudicating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prejudicate

Prejudicately (adv.) With prejudice.

Prejudication (n.) The act of prejudicating, or of judging without due examination of facts and evidence; prejudgment.

Prejudication (n.) A preliminary inquiry and determination about something which belongs to a matter in dispute.

Prejudication (n.) A previous treatment and decision of a point; a precedent.

Prejudicative (a.) Forming a judgment without due examination; prejudging.

Prelatureship (n.) The state or dignity of a prelate; prelacy.

Preliminarily (adv.) In a preliminary manner.

Preliminaries (pl. ) of Preliminary

Premeditating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Premeditate

Premeditately (adv.) With premeditation.

Premeditation (n.) The act of meditating or contriving beforehand; previous deliberation; forethought.

Premillennial (a.) Previous to the millennium.

Premonishment (n.) Previous warning or admonition; forewarning.

Premonstrator (n.) One who, or that which, premonstrates.

Prenomination (n.) The act of prenominating; privilege of being named first.

Prenunciation (n.) The act of announcing or proclaiming beforehand.

Preoccupation (n.) The act of preoccupying, or taking possession of beforehand; the state of being preoccupied; prepossession.

Preoccupation (n.) Anticipation of objections.

Preordination (n.) The act of foreordaining: previous determination.

Preparatively (adv.) By way of preparation.

Preponderance (n.) Alt. of Preponderancy

Preponderancy (n.) The quality or state of being preponderant; superiority or excess of weight, influence, or power, etc.; an outweighing.

Preponderancy (n.) The excess of weight of that part of a canon behind the trunnions over that in front of them.

Preponderated (imp. & p. p.) of Preponderate

Prepositional (a.) Of or pertaining to a preposition; of the nature of a preposition.

Prepossessing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prepossess

Prepossessing (a.) Tending to invite favor; attracting confidence, favor, esteem, or love; attractive; as, a prepossessing manner.

Prepossession (n.) Preoccupation; prior possession.

Prepossession (n.) Preoccupation of the mind by an opinion, or impression, already formed; preconceived opinion; previous impression; bias; -- generally, but not always, used in a favorable sense; as, the prepossessions of childhood.

Preraphaelism (n.) Alt. of Preraphaelitism

Preraphaelite (a.) Of or pertaining to the style called preraphaelitism; as, a preraphaelite figure; a preraphaelite landscape.

Preraphaelite (n.) One who favors or practices art as it was before Raphael; one who favors or advocates preraphaelitism.

Prerogatively (adv.) By prerogative.

Presbytership (n.) The office or station of a presbyter; presbyterate.

Prescriptible (a.) Depending on, or derived from, prescription; proper to be prescribed.

Presentaneous (a.) Ready; quick; immediate in effect; as, presentaneous poison.

Presentiality (n.) State of being actually present.

Presentifical (a.) Presentific.

Presidentship (n.) The office and dignity of president; presidency.

Presignifying (imp. & p. p.) of Presignify

Presphenoidal (a.) Of or pertaining to the presphenoid bone; presphenoid.

Pressirostral (a.) Of or pertaining to the pressirosters.

Prestidigital (a.) Nimble-fingered; having fingers fit for prestidigitation, or juggling.

Prestigiation (n.) Legerdemain; prestidigitation.

Prestigiatory (a.) Consisting of impostures; juggling.

Presstriction (n.) Obstruction, dimness, or defect of sight.

Presumptively (adv.) By presumption, or supposition grounded or probability; presumably.

Pretendership (n.) The character, right, or claim of a pretender.

Preteriteness (n.) Same as Preteritness.

Pretermission (n.) The act of passing by or omitting; omission.

Pretermission (n.) See Preterition.

Pretermitting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Pretermit

Preternatural (a.) Beyond of different from what is natural, or according to the regular course of things, but not clearly supernatural or miraculous; strange; inexplicable; extraordinary; uncommon; irregular; abnormal; as, a preternatural appearance; a preternatural stillness; a preternatural presentation (in childbirth) or labor.

Preterperfect (a. & n.) Old name of the tense also called preterit.

Pretervection (n.) The act of carrying past or beyond.

Pretty-spoken (a.) Spoken or speaking prettily.

Prevaricating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prevaricate

Prevarication (n.) The act of prevaricating, shuffling, or quibbling, to evade the truth or the disclosure of truth; a deviation from the truth and fair dealing.

Prevarication (n.) A secret abuse in the exercise of a public office.

Prevarication (n.) The collusion of an informer with the defendant, for the purpose of making a sham prosecution.

Prevarication (n.) A false or deceitful seeming to undertake a thing for the purpose of defeating or destroying it.

Priest-ridden (a.) Controlled or oppressed by priests; as, a priest-ridden people.

Primitiveness (n.) The quality or state of being primitive; conformity to primitive style or practice.

Primogenitive (a.) Of or pertaining to primogeniture.

Primogenitive (n.) Primogeniture.

Primogeniture (a.) The state of being the firstborn of the same parents; seniority by birth among children of the same family.

Primogeniture (a.) The exclusive right of inheritance which belongs to the eldest son. Thus in England the right of inheriting the estate of the father belongs to the eldest son, and in the royal family the eldest son of the sovereign is entitled to the throne by primogeniture. In exceptional cases, among the female children, the crown descends by right of primogeniture to the eldest daughter only and her issue.

Primordialism (n.) Devotion to, or persistence in, conditions of the primordial state.

Primum mobile () In the Ptolemaic system, the outermost of the revolving concentric spheres constituting the universe, the motion of which was supposed to carry with it all the inclosed spheres with their planets in a daily revolution from east to west. See Crystal

Principalness (n.) The quality of being principal.

Principiation (n.) Analysis into primary or elemental parts.

Prismatically (adv.) In the form or manner of a prism; by means of a prism.

Privateersmen (pl. ) of Privateersman

Privateersman (n.) An officer or seaman of a privateer.

Privativeness (n.) The state of being privative.

Probabilities (pl. ) of Probability

Probationship (n.) A state of probation.

Probe-pointed (a.) Having a blunt or button-shaped extremity; -- said of cutting instruments.

Problematical (a.) Having the nature of a problem; not shown in fact; questionable; uncertain; unsettled; doubtful.

Processionary (a.) Pertaining to a procession; consisting in processions; as, processionary service.

Processioning (n.) A proceeding prescribed by statute for ascertaining and fixing the boundaries of land. See 2d Procession.

Proces verbal () An authentic minute of an official act, or statement of facts.

Proconsulship (n.) Proconsulate.

Procrastinate (v. t.) To put off till to-morrow, or from day to day; to defer; to postpone; to delay; as, to procrastinate repentance.

Procrastinate (v. i.) To delay; to be dilatory.

Procrustesian (a.) See Procrustean.

Procuratorial (a.) Of or pertaining to a procurator, or proctor; made by a proctor.

Producibility (n.) The quality or state of being producible.

Profectitious (a.) Proceeding from, as from a parent; derived, as from an ancestor.

Professoriate (n.) The body of professors, or the professorial staff, in a university or college.

Professoriate (n.) A professorship.

Professorship (n.) The office or position of a professor, or public teacher.

Progeneration (n.) The act of begetting; propagation.

Prognosticate (v. t.) To indicate as future; to foretell from signs or symptoms; to prophesy; to foreshow; to predict; as, to prognosticate evil.

Progressional (a.) Of or pertaining to progression; tending to, or capable of, progress.

Prolegomenary (a.) Of the nature of a prolegomenon; preliminary; introductory; prefatory.

Proleptically (adv.) In a proleptical manner.

Proliferation (n.) The continuous development of cells in tissue formation; cell formation.

Proliferation (n.) The production of numerous zooids by budding, especially when buds arise from other buds in succession.

Prolification (n.) The generation of young.

Prolification (n.) Reproduction by the growth of a plant, or part of a plant, directly from an older one, or by gemmae.

Proocutorship (n.) The office of a prolocutor.

Promiscuously (adv.) In a promiscuous manner.

Promorphology (n.) Crystallography of organic forms; -- a division of morphology created by Haeckel. It is essentially stereometric, and relates to a mathematical conception of organic forms. See Tectology.

Pronominalize (v. t.) To give the effect of a pronoun to; as, to pronominalize the substantives person, people, etc.

Pronounceable (a.) Capable of being pronounced.

Pronouncement (n.) The act of pronouncing; a declaration; a formal announcement.

Pronunciation (n.) The act of uttering with articulation; the act of giving the proper sound and accent; utterance; as, the pronunciation of syllables of words; distinct or indistinct pronunciation.

Pronunciation (n.) The mode of uttering words or sentences.

Pronunciation (n.) The art of manner of uttering a discourse publicly with propriety and gracefulness; -- now called delivery.

Pronunciative (a.) Of or pertaining to pronunciation.

Pronunciative (a.) Uttering confidently; dogmatical.

Pronunciatory (a.) Of or pertaining to pronunciation; that pronounces.

Propaedeutics (n.) The preliminary learning connected with any art or science; preparatory instruction.

Proparoxytone (n.) A word which has the acute accent on the antepenult.

Prophetically (adv.) In a prophetical manner; by way of prediction.

Proportioning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Proportion

Proportionate (a.) Adjusted to something else according to a proportion; proportional.

Proportionate (v.) To make proportional; to adjust according to a settled rate, or to due comparative relation; to proportion; as, to proportionate punishment to crimes.

Propositional (a.) Pertaining to, or in the nature of, a proposition; considered as a proposition; as, a propositional sense.

Proprietaries (pl. ) of Proprietary

Proprietorial (a.) Of or pertaining to ownership; proprietary; as, proprietorial rights.

Proselytizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Proselytize

Prosemination (n.) Propagation by seed.

Prosimetrical (a.) Consisting both of prose and verse.

Prosodiacally (adv.) Prosodically.

Prospectively (adv.) In a prospective manner.

Prosternation (n.) Dejection; depression.

Protectionism (n.) The doctrine or policy of protectionists. See Protection, 4.

Protectionist (n.) One who favors protection. See Protection, 4.

Protectorless (a.) Having no protector; unprotected.

Protectorship (n.) The office of a protector or regent; protectorate.

Proteinaceous (a.) Of or related to protein; albuminous; proteid.

Proterandrous (a.) Having the stamens come to maturity before the pistil; -- opposed to proterogynous.

Proteranthous (a.) Having flowers appearing before the leaves; -- said of certain plants.

Proteroglypha (n. pl.) A suborder of serpents including those that have permanently erect grooved poison fangs, with ordinary teeth behind them in the jaws. It includes the cobras, the asps, and the sea snakes. Called also Proteroglyphia.

Proterogynous (a.) Having the pistil come to maturity before the stamens; protogynous; -- opposed to proterandrous.

Proterosaurus (n.) An extinct genus of reptiles of the Permian period. Called also Protosaurus.

Protestantism (n.) The quality or state of being protestant, especially against the Roman Catholic Church; the principles or religion of the Protestants.

Prothyalosome (n.) Same as Prothyalosoma.

Protoorganism (n.) An organism whose nature is so difficult to determine that it might be referred to either the animal or the vegetable kingdom.

Protosilicate (n.) A silicate formed with the lowest proportion of silicic acid, or having but one atom of silicon in the molecule.

Protosulphide (n.) That one of a series of sulphides of any element which has the lowest proportion of sulphur; a sulphide with but one atom of sulphur in the molecule.

Protovertebra (n.) One of the primitive masses, or segments, into which the mesoblast of the vertebrate embryo breaks up on either side of the anterior part of the notochord; a mesoblastic, or protovertebral, somite. See Illust. of Ectoderm.

Protuberation (n.) The act of swelling beyond the surrounding surface.

Provence rose () The cabbage rose (Rosa centifolia).

Provence rose () A name of many kinds of roses which are hybrids of Rosa centifolia and R. Gallica.

Proventriulus (n.) The glandular stomach of birds, situated just above the crop.

Proverbialism (n.) A proverbial phrase.

Proverbialist (n.) One who makes much use of proverbs in speech or writing; one who composes, collects, or studies proverbs.

Proverbialize (v. t. & i.) To turn into a proverb; to speak in proverbs.

Providentness (n.) The quality or state of being provident; carefulness; prudence; economy.

Provincialism (n.) A word, or a manner of speaking, peculiar to a province or a district remote from the mother country or from the metropolis; a provincial characteristic; hence, narrowness; illiberality.

Provincialist (n.) One who lives in a province; a provincial.

Provinciality (n.) The quality or state of being provincial; peculiarity of language characteristic of a province.

Provincialize (v. t.) To render provincial.

Provisionally (adv.) By way of provision for the time being; temporarily.

Prudentialist (n.) One who is governed by, or acts from, prudential motives.

Prudentiality (n.) The quality or state of being prudential.

Tracheophonae (n. pl.) A group of passerine birds having the syrinx at the lower end of the trachea.

Trachycarpous (a.) Rough-fruited.

Trachymedusae (n. pl.) A division of acalephs in which the development is direct from the eggs, without a hydroid stage. Some of the species are parasitic on other medusae.

Trachystomata (n. pl.) An order of tailed aquatic amphibians, including Siren and Pseudobranchus. They have anterior legs only, are eel-like in form, and have no teeth except a small patch on the palate. The external gills are persistent through life.

Tractarianism (n.) The principles of the Tractarians, or of those persons accepting the teachings of the "Tracts for the Times."

Traditionlism (n.) A system of faith founded on tradition; esp., the doctrine that all religious faith is to be based solely upon what is delivered from competent authority, exclusive of rational processes.

Traditionally (adv.) In a traditional manner.

Tragi-comical (a.) Of or pertaining to tragi-comedy; partaking of grave and comic scenes.

Tranquilizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Tranquillize

Tranquillizer (n.) One who, or that which, tranquilizes.

Tranquilizing (a.) Alt. of Tranquillizing

Transanimated (imp. & p. p.) of Transanimate

Transatlantic (a.) Lying or being beyond the Atlantic Ocean.

Transatlantic (a.) Crossing the Atlantic Ocean.

Transcendence () Alt. of Transcendency

Transcendency () The quality or state of being transcendent; superior excellence; supereminence.

Transcendency () Elevation above truth; exaggeration.

Trancscendent (n.) That which surpasses or is supereminent; that which is very excellent.

Transcolating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Transcolate

Transcolation (n.) Act of transcolating, or state of being transcolated.

Transcribbler (n.) A transcriber; -- used in contempt.

Transcription (n.) The act or process of transcribing, or copying; as, corruptions creep into books by repeated transcriptions.

Transcription (n.) A copy; a transcript.

Transcription (n.) An arrangement of a composition for some other instrument or voice than that for which it was originally written, as the translating of a song, a vocal or instrumental quartet, or even an orchestral work, into a piece for the piano; an adaptation; an arrangement; -- a name applied by modern composers for the piano to a more or less fanciful and ornate reproduction on their own instrument of a song or other piece not originally intended for it; as, Liszt's transcriptions of s

Transcriptive (a.) Done as from a copy; having the style or appearance of a transcription.

Transcurrence (n.) A roving hither and thither.

Transfeminate (v. t.) To change into a woman, as a man.

Transferrence (n.) See Transference.

Transferrible (a.) Capable of being transferred; transferable.

Transfigurate (v. t.) To transfigure; to transform.

Transfiguring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Transfigure

Transformable (a.) Capable of being transformed or changed.

Transfugitive (n.) One who flees from one side to another; hence, a deserter; a turncoat; an apostate.

Transgressing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Transgress

Transgression (n.) The act of transgressing, or of passing over or beyond any law, civil or moral; the violation of a law or known principle of rectitude; breach of command; fault; offense; crime; sin.

Transgressive (a.) Disposed or tending to transgress; faulty; culpable. -

Transhumanize (v. t.) To make more than human; to purity; to elevate above humanity.

Transitionary (a.) Transitional.

Translavation (n.) A laving or lading from one vessel to another.

Transliterate (v. t.) To express or represent in the characters of another alphabet; as, to transliterate Sanskrit words by means of English letters.

Translocation (n.) removal of things from one place to another; substitution of one thing for another.

Translucently (adv.) In a translucent manner.

Transmeatable (a.) Capable of being passed over or traversed; passable.

Transmigrated (imp. & p. p.) of Transmigrate

Transmigrator (n.) One who transmigrates.

Transmissible (a.) Capable of being transmitted from one to another; capable of being passed through any body or substance.

Transmittance (n.) Transmission.

Transmittible (a.) Capable of being transmitted; transmissible.

Transmutation (n.) The act of transmuting, or the state of being transmuted; as, the transmutation of metals.

Transmutation (n.) The change or reduction of one figure or body into another of the same area or solidity, but of a different form, as of a triangle into a square.

Transmutation (n.) The change of one species into another, which is assumed to take place in any development theory of life; transformism.

Transnatation (n.) The act of swimming across, as a river.

Transpalatine (a.) Situated beyond or outside the palatine bone; -- said of a bone in the skull of some reptiles.

Transpassable (a.) Capable of being transpassed, or crossed over.

Transpiercing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Transpierce

Transpiration (n.) The act or process of transpiring or excreting in the form of vapor; exhalation, as through the skin or other membranes of the body; as, pulmonary transpiration, or the excretion of aqueous vapor from the lungs. Perspiration is a form of transpiration.

Transpiration (n.) The evaporation of water, or exhalation of aqueous vapor, from cells and masses of tissue.

Transpiration (n.) The passing of gases through fine tubes, porous substances, or the like; as, transpiration through membranes.

Transpiratory (a.) Of or relating to transpiration.

Transplanting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Transplant

Transplendent (a.) Resplendent in the highest degree.

Transportable (a.) Capable of being transported.

Transportable (a.) Incurring, or subject to, the punishment of transportation; as, a transportable offense.

Transportance (n.) Transportation.

Transportment (n.) The act of transporting, or the state of being transported; transportation.

Transposition (n.) The act of transposing, or the state of being transposed.

Transposition (n.) The bringing of any term of an equation from one side over to the other without destroying the equation.

Transposition (n.) A change of the natural order of words in a sentence; as, the Latin and Greek languages admit transposition, without inconvenience, to a much greater extent than the English.

Transposition (n.) A change of a composition into another key.

Transpositive (a.) Made by transposing; consisting in transposition; transposable.

Transshipment (n.) The act of transshipping, or transferring, as goods, from one ship or conveyance to another.

Transvasation (n.) The act or process of pouring out of one vessel into another.

Transvertible (a.) Capable of being transverted.

Transvolation (n.) The act of flying beyond or across.

Trapezohedral (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a trapezohedron.

Trapezohedron (n.) A solid bounded by twenty-four equal and similar trapeziums; a tetragonal trisoctahedron. See the Note under Trisoctahedron.

Trapezohedron (n.) A tetartohedral solid of the hexagonal system, bounded by six trapezoidal planes. The faces of this form are common on quartz crystals.

Treasurership (n.) The office of treasurer.

Trench-plough (v. t.) To plow with deep furrows, for the purpose of loosening the land to a greater depth than usual.

Triangularity (n.) The quality or state of being triangular.

Triangulating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Triangulate

Triangulation (n.) The series or network of triangles into which the face of a country, or any portion of it, is divided in a trigonometrical survey; the operation of measuring the elements necessary to determine the triangles into which the country to be surveyed is supposed to be divided, and thus to fix the positions and distances of the several points connected by them.

Triarticulate (a.) Having three joints.

Tributariness (n.) The quality or state of being tributary.

Tricennarious (a.) Of or pertaining to thirty years; tricennial.

Trichinoscope (n.) An apparatus for the detection of trichinae in the flesh of animals, as of swine.

Trichiuriform (a.) Like or pertaining to the genus Trichiurus or family Trichiuridae, comprising the scabbard fishes and hairtails.

Trichopterous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or characterizing, the Trichoptera.

Trichromatism (n.) The quality, state, or phenomenon of being trichromatic.

Tridecatylene (n.) A hydrocarbon, C13H26, of the ethylene series, corresponding to tridecane, and obtained from Burmah petroleum as a light colorless liquid; -- called also tridecylene, and tridecene.

Trierarchises (pl. ) of Trierarchy

Triethylamine (n.) A tertiary amine analogous to trimethylamine.

Trigonocerous (a.) Having horns with three angles, like those of some species of goats.

Trigonometric () Alt. of Trigonometrical

Triliteralism (n.) Same as Triliterality.

Triliterality (n.) Alt. of Triliteralness

Trionychoidea (n. pl.) A division of chelonians which comprises Trionyx and allied genera; -- called also Trionychoides, and Trionychina.

Tripinnatifid (a.) Thrice pinnately cleft; -- said of a pinnatifid leaf when its segments are pinnatifid, and the subdivisions of these also are pinnatifid.

Triple-headed (a.) Having three heads; three-headed; as, the triple-headed dog Cerberus.

Triplicostate (a.) Three-ribbed.

Triploblastic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, that condition of the ovum in which there are three primary germinal layers, or in which the blastoderm splits into three layers.

Triquadrantal (a.) Having three quadrants; thus, a triquadrantal triangle is one whose three sides are quadrants, and whose three angles are consequently right angles.

Trirhomboidal (a.) Having three rhombic faces or sides.

Trisplanchnic (a.) Of or pertaining to the three great splanchnic cavities, namely, that of the head, the chest, and the abdomen; -- applied to the sympathetic nervous system.

Tristigmatose (a.) Having, or consisting of, three stigmas.

Trisyllabical (a.) Of or pertaining to a trisyllable; consisting of three syllables; as, "syllable" is a trisyllabic word.

Tritheistical (a.) Of or pertaining to tritheism.

Troglodytical (a.) Of or pertaining to a troglodyte, or dweller in caves.

Trothplighted (a.) Having fidelity pledged.

Trous-de-loup (pl. ) of Trou-de-loup

Trout-colored (a.) White, with spots of black, bay, or sorrel; as, a trout-colored horse.

Uralitization (n.) The change of pyroxene to amphibole by paramorphism.

Uraniscoraphy (n.) Alt. of Uraniscorrhaphy

Uranographist (n.) One practiced in uranography.

Urethroplasty (n.) An operation for the repair of an injury or a defect in the walls of the urethra.

Vraisemblance (n.) The appearance of truth; verisimilitude.

About the author

Mark McCracken

Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".

Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken , All Rights Reserved.