7 letter words
Abdomen (n.) The belly, or that part of the body between the thorax and the pelvis. Also, the cavity of the belly, which is lined by the peritoneum, and contains the stomach, bowels, and other viscera. In man, often restricted to the part between the diaphragm and the commencement of the pelvis, the remainder being called the pelvic cavity.
Ability (n.) The quality or state of being able; power to perform, whether physical, moral, intellectual, conventional, or legal; capacity; skill or competence in doing; sufficiency of strength, skill, resources, etc.; -- in the plural, faculty, talent.
Abolish (v. t.) To put an end to, or destroy, as a physical objects; to wipe out.
Academy (n.) A garden or grove near Athens (so named from the hero Academus), where Plato and his followers held their philosophical conferences; hence, the school of philosophy of which Plato was head.
Academy (n.) A society of learned men united for the advancement of the arts and sciences, and literature, or some particular art or science; as, the French Academy; the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; academies of literature and philology.
Acaleph (n.) Alt. of Acalephan
Account (n.) A statement in general of reasons, causes, grounds, etc., explanatory of some event; as, no satisfactory account has been given of these phenomena. Hence, the word is often used simply for reason, ground, consideration, motive, etc.; as, on no account, on every account, on all accounts.
Acephal (n.) One of the Acephala.
Acrania (n.) The lowest group of Vertebrata, including the amphioxus, in which no skull exists.
Advance (v.) Improvement or progression, physically, mentally, morally, or socially; as, an advance in health, knowledge, or religion; an advance in rank or office.
Amorpha (n.) A genus of leguminous shrubs, having long clusters of purple flowers; false or bastard indigo.
Amorphy (n.) Shapelessness.
Amphora (n.) Among the ancients, a two-handled vessel, tapering at the bottom, used for holding wine, oil, etc.
Anagram (n.) Literally, the letters of a word read backwards, but in its usual wider sense, the change or one word or phrase into another by the transposition of its letters. Thus Galenus becomes angelus; William Noy (attorney-general to Charles I., and a laborious man) may be turned into I moyl in law.
Anethol (n.) A substance obtained from the volatile oils of anise, fennel, etc., in the form of soft shining scales; -- called also anise camphor.
Anilide (n.) One of a class of compounds which may be regarded as amides in which more or less of the hydrogen has been replaced by phenyl.
Aniline (n.) An organic base belonging to the phenylamines. It may be regarded as ammonia in which one hydrogen atom has been replaced by the radical phenyl. It is a colorless, oily liquid, originally obtained from indigo by distillation, but now largely manufactured from coal tar or nitrobenzene as a base from which many brilliant dyes are made.
Animism (n.) The belief that inanimate objects and the phenomena of nature are endowed with personal life or a living soul; also, in an extended sense, the belief in the existence of soul or spirit apart from matter.
Apatite (n.) Native phosphate of lime, occurring usually in six-sided prisms, color often pale green, transparent or translucent.
Aphakia (n.) An anomalous state of refraction caused by the absence of the crystal
Aphasia (n.) Alt. of Aphasy
Aphasic (a.) Pertaining to, or affected by, aphasia; speechless.
Aphelia (pl. ) of Aphelion
Aphemia (n.) Loss of the power of speaking, while retaining the power of writing; -- a disorder of cerebral origin.
Aphesis (n.) The loss of a short unaccented vowel at the beginning of a word; -- the result of a phonetic process; as, squire for esquire.
Aphetic (a.) Shortened by dropping a letter or a syllable from the beginning of a word; as, an aphetic word or form.
Aphides (n. pl.) See Aphis.
Aphides (pl. ) of Aphis
Aphonia (n.) Alt. of Aphony
Aphonic (a.) Alt. of Aphonous
Aphrite (n.) See under Calcite.
Aphthae (n. pl.) Roundish pearl-colored specks or flakes in the mouth, on the lips, etc., terminating in white sloughs. They are commonly characteristic of thrush.
Apteral (a.) Without lateral columns; -- applied to buildings which have no series of columns along their sides, but are either prostyle or amphiprostyle, and opposed to peripteral.
Archeus (n.) The vital principle or force which (according to the Paracelsians) presides over the growth and continuation of living beings; the anima mundi or plastic power of the old philosophers.
Arsenic (n.) One of the elements, a solid substance resembling a metal in its physical properties, but in its chemical relations ranking with the nonmetals. It is of a steel-gray color and brilliant luster, though usually dull from tarnish. It is very brittle, and sublimes at 356? Fahrenheit. It is sometimes found native, but usually combined with silver, cobalt, nickel, iron, antimony, or sulphur.
Artemia (n.) A genus of phyllopod Crustacea found in salt lakes and brines; the brine shrimp. See Brine shrimp.
Asaphus (n.) A genus of trilobites found in the Lower Silurian formation. See Illust. in Append.
Asarone (n.) A crystallized substance, resembling camphor, obtained from the Asarum Europaeum; -- called also camphor of asarum.
Asphalt (n.) Alt. of Asphaltum
Asphalt (v. t.) To cover with asphalt; as, to asphalt a roof; asphalted streets.
Asphyxy (n.) Apparent death, or suspended animation; the condition which results from interruption of respiration, as in suffocation or drowning, or the inhalation of irrespirable gases.
Assault (n.) A violent onset or attack with physical means, as blows, weapons, etc.; an onslaught; the rush or charge of an attacking force; onset; as, to make assault upon a man, a house, or a town.
Assault (n.) To make an assault upon, as by a sudden rush of armed men; to attack with unlawful or insulting physical violence or menaces.
Athlete (n.) Any one trained to contend in exercises requiring great physical agility and strength; one who has great activity and strength; a champion.
Atomism (n.) The doctrine of atoms. See Atomic philosophy, under Atomic.
Atomist (n.) One who holds to the atomic philosophy or theory.
Atrophy (n.) A wasting away from want of nourishment; diminution in bulk or slow emaciation of the body or of any part.
Atrophy (v. t.) To cause to waste away or become abortive; to starve or weaken.
Atrophy (v. i.) To waste away; to dwindle.
Attaint (v. t.) To affect or infect, as with physical or mental disease or with moral contagion; to taint or corrupt.
Aurelia (n.) A genus of jellyfishes. See Discophora.
Axolotl (n.) An amphibian of the salamander tribe found in the elevated lakes of Mexico; the siredon.
Balloon (n.) A bag made of silk or other light material, and filled with hydrogen gas or heated air, so as to rise and float in the atmosphere; especially, one with a car attached for aerial navigation.
Balloon (n.) A round vessel, usually with a short neck, to hold or receive whatever is distilled; a glass vessel of a spherical form.
Barwood (n.) A red wood of a leguminous tree (Baphia nitida), from Angola and the Gaboon in Africa. It is used as a dyewood, and also for ramrods, violin bows and turner's work.
Barytes (n.) Barium sulphate, generally called heavy spar or barite. See Barite.
Batfish (n.) A name given to several species of fishes: (a) The Malthe vespertilio of the Atlantic coast. (b) The flying gurnard of the Atlantic (Cephalacanthus spinarella). (c) The California batfish or sting ray (Myliobatis Californicus.)
Benzene (n.) A volatile, very inflammable liquid, C6H6, contained in the naphtha produced by the destructive distillation of coal, from which it is separated by fractional distillation. The name is sometimes applied also to the impure commercial product or benzole, and also, but rarely, to a similar mixed product of petroleum.
Benzine (n.) A liquid consisting mainly of the lighter and more volatile hydrocarbons of petroleum or kerosene oil, used as a solvent and for cleansing soiled fabrics; -- called also petroleum spirit, petroleum benzine. Varieties or similar products are gasoline, naphtha, rhigolene, ligroin, etc.
Betulin (n.) A substance of a resinous nature, obtained from the outer bark of the common European birch (Betula alba), or from the tar prepared therefrom; -- called also birch camphor.
Between (prep.) In the space which separates; betwixt; as, New York is between Boston and Philadelphia.
Biorgan (n.) A physiological organ; a living organ; an organ endowed with function; -- distinguished from idorgan.
Bitumen (n.) Mineral pitch; a black, tarry substance, burning with a bright flame; Jew's pitch. It occurs as an abundant natural product in many places, as on the shores of the Dead and Caspian Seas. It is used in cements, in the construction of pavements, etc. See Asphalt.
Bitumen (n.) By extension, any one of the natural hydrocarbons, including the hard, solid, brittle varieties called asphalt, the semisolid maltha and mineral tars, the oily petroleums, and even the light, volatile naphthas.
Blemish (n.) Any mark of deformity or injury, whether physical or moral; anything that diminishes beauty, or renders imperfect that which is otherwise well formed; that which impairs reputation.
Blesbok (n.) A South African antelope (Alcelaphus albifrons), having a large white spot on the forehead.
Blessed (a.) Used euphemistically, ironically, or intensively.
Bombolo (n.) A thin spheroidal glass retort or flask, used in the sublimation of camphor.
Boneset (n.) A medicinal plant, the thoroughwort (Eupatorium perfoliatum). Its properties are diaphoretic and tonic.
Borneol (n.) A rare variety of camphor, C10H17.OH, resembling ordinary camphor, from which it can be produced by reduction. It is said to occur in the camphor tree of Borneo and Sumatra (Dryobalanops camphora), but the natural borneol is rarely found in European or American commerce, being in great request by the Chinese. Called also Borneo camphor, Malay camphor, and camphol.
Bornite (n.) A valuable ore of copper, containing copper, iron, and sulphur; -- also called purple copper ore (or erubescite), in allusion to the colors shown upon the slightly tarnished surface.
Brocard (n.) An elementary principle or maximum; a short, proverbial rule, in law, ethics, or metaphysics.
Bromate (v. t.) To combine or impregnate with bromine; as, bromated camphor.
Brother (n.) One related or closely united to another by some common tie or interest, as of rank, profession, membership in a society, toil, suffering, etc.; -- used among judges, clergymen, monks, physicians, lawyers, professors of religion, etc.
Bucolic (a.) Of or pertaining to the life and occupation of a shepherd; pastoral; rustic.
Bucolic (n.) A pastoral poem, representing rural affairs, and the life, manners, and occupation of shepherds; as, the Bucolics of Theocritus and Virgil.
Bugbear (v. t.) To alarm with idle phantoms.
Bumbelo (n.) A glass used in subliming camphor.
Bummalo (n.) A small marine Asiatic fish (Saurus ophidon) used in India as a relish; -- called also Bombay duck.
Cabbiri (n. pl.) Certain deities originally worshiped with mystical rites by the Pelasgians in Lemnos and Samothrace and afterwards throughout Greece; -- also called sons of Hephaestus (or Vulcan), as being masters of the art of working metals.
Cacajao (n.) A South American short-tailed monkey (Pithecia (/ Brachyurus) melanocephala).
Cadmean (a.) Of or pertaining to Cadmus, a fabulous prince of Thebes, who was said to have introduced into Greece the sixteen simple letters of the alphabet
Cajuput (n.) A highly stimulating volatile inflammable oil, distilled from the leaves of an East Indian tree (Melaleuca cajuputi, etc.) It is greenish in color and has a camphoraceous odor and pungent taste.
Caloric (n.) The principle of heat, or the agent to which the phenomena of heat and combustion were formerly ascribed; -- not now used in scientific nomenclature, but sometimes used as a general term for heat.
Caltrap (n.) A genus of herbaceous plants (Tribulus) of the order Zygophylleae, having a hard several-celled fruit, armed with stout spines, and resembling the military instrument of the same name. The species grow in warm countries, and are often very annoying to cattle.
Camphol (n.) See Borneol.
Camphor (n.) A tough, white, aromatic resin, or gum, obtained from different species of the Laurus family, esp. from Cinnamomum camphara (the Laurus camphara of Linnaeus.). Camphor, C10H16O, is volatile and fragrant, and is used in medicine as a diaphoretic, a stimulant, or sedative.
Camphor (n.) A gum resembling ordinary camphor, obtained from a tree (Dryobalanops camphora) growing in Sumatra and Borneo; -- called also Malay camphor, camphor of Borneo, or borneol. See Borneol.
Camphor (v. t.) To impregnate or wash with camphor; to camphorate.
Candock (n.) A plant or weed that grows in rivers; a species of Equisetum; also, the yellow frog lily (Nuphar luteum).
Capsule (n.) A small cylindrical or spherical gelatinous envelope in which nauseous or acrid doses are inclosed to be swallowed.
Caption (n.) A caviling; a sophism.
Cariama (n.) A large, long-legged South American bird (Dicholophus cristatus) which preys upon snakes, etc. See Seriema.
Carmine (n.) The essential coloring principle of cochineal, extracted as a purple-red amorphous mass. It is a glucoside and possesses acid properties; -- hence called also carminic acid.
Cartoon (n.) A design or study drawn of the full size, to serve as a model for transferring or copying; -- used in the making of mosaics, tapestries, fresco pantings and the like; as, the cartoons of Raphael.
Cassava (n.) A shrubby euphorbiaceous plant of the genus Manihot, with fleshy rootstocks yielding an edible starch; -- called also manioc.
Cephalo () A combining form denoting the head, of the head, connected with the head; as, cephalosome, cephalopod.
Cepheus (n.) A northern constellation near the pole. Its head, which is in the Milky Way, is marked by a triangle formed by three stars of the fourth magnitude. See Cassiopeia.
Cerasin (n.) A white amorphous substance, the insoluble part of cherry gum; -- called also meta-arabinic acid.
Cession (n.) A yielding to physical force.
Chancre (n.) A venereal sore or ulcer; specifically, the initial lesion of true syphilis, whether forming a distinct ulcer or not; -- called also hard chancre, indurated chancre, and Hunterian chancre.
Chelone (n.) A genus of hardy perennial flowering plants, of the order Scrophulariaceae, natives of North America; -- called also snakehead, turtlehead, shellflower, etc.
Chelura (n.) A genus of marine amphipod crustacea, which bore into and sometimes destroy timber.
Chewink (n.) An american bird (Pipilo erythrophthalmus) of the Finch family, so called from its note; -- called also towhee bunting and ground robin.
Chicane (n.) The use of artful subterfuge, designed to draw away attention from the merits of a case or question; -- specifically applied to legal proceedings; trickery; chicanery; caviling; sophistry.
Climate (v. i.) The condition of a place in relation to various phenomena of the atmosphere, as temperature, moisture, etc., especially as they affect animal or vegetable life.
Clinoid (a.) Like a bed; -- applied to several processes on the inner side of the sphenoid bone.
Codeine (n.) One of the opium alkaloids; a white crystal
Coendoo (n.) The Brazilian porcupine (Cercolades, / Sphingurus, prehensiles), remarkable for its prehensile tail.
Comfrey (n.) A rough, hairy, perennial plant of several species, of the genus Symphytum.
Command (v. t.) To have within a sphere of control, influence, access, or vision; to dominate by position; to guard; to overlook.
Compass (n.) Extent; reach; sweep; capacity; sphere; as, the compass of his eye; the compass of imagination.
Compose (v. t.) To construct by mental labor; to design and execute, or put together, in a manner involving the adaptation of forms of expression to ideas, or to the laws of harmony or proportion; as, to compose a sentence, a sermon, a symphony, or a picture.
Comtism (n.) Positivism; the positive philosophy. See Positivism.
Conquer (v. t.) To gain or acquire by force; to take possession of by violent means; to gain dominion over; to subdue by physical means; to reduce; to overcome by force of arms; to cause to yield; to vanquish.
Consent (n.) Capable, deliberate, and voluntary assent or agreement to, or concurrence in, some act or purpose, implying physical and mental power and free action.
Consult (v. t.) To ask advice of; to seek the opinion of; to apply to for information or instruction; to refer to; as, to consult a physician; to consult a dictionary.
Convert (v. i.) To be turned or changed in character or direction; to undergo a change, physically or morally.
Council (n.) An assembly of men summoned or convened for consultation, deliberation, or advice; as, a council of physicians for consultation in a critical case.
Cowfish (n.) A California dolphin (Tursiops Gillii).
Creeper (n.) A spurlike device strapped to the boot, which enables one to climb a tree or pole; -- called often telegraph creepers.
Creosol (n.) A colorless liquid resembling phenol or carbolic acid, homologous with pyrocatechin, and obtained from beechwood tar and gum guaiacum.
Crocein (n.) A name given to any one of several yellow or scarlet dyestuffs of artificial production and complex structure. In general they are diazo and sulphonic acid derivatives of benzene and naphthol.
Crosier (n.) The pastoral staff of a bishop (also of an archbishop, being the symbol of his office as a shepherd of the flock of God.
Cudweed (n.) A small composite plant with cottony or silky stem and leaves, primarily a species of Gnaphalium, but the name is now given to many plants of different genera, as Filago, Antennaria, etc.; cottonweed.
Culture (n.) The state of being cultivated; result of cultivation; physical improvement.
Currant (n.) A small kind of seedless raisin, imported from the Levant, chiefly from Zante and Cephalonia; -- used in cookery.
Cyclide (n.) A surface of the fourth degree, having certain special relations to spherical surfaces. The tore or anchor ring is one of the cyclides.
Cyclone (n.) A violent storm, often of vast extent, characterized by high winds rotating about a calm center of low atmospheric pressure. This center moves onward, often with a velocity of twenty or thirty miles an hour.
Cyclops (n. sing. & pl.) One of a race of giants, sons of Neptune and Amphitrite, having but one eye, and that in the middle of the forehead. They were fabled to inhabit Sicily, and to assist in the workshops of Vulcan, under Mt. Etna.
Cynical (a.) Belonging to the sect of philosophers called cynics; having the qualities of a cynic; pertaining to, or resembling, the doctrines of the cynics.
Cystine (n.) A white crystal
Damiana (n.) A Mexican drug, used as an aphrodisiac.
Daphnia (n.) A genus of the genus Daphnia.
Daphnin (n.) A dark green bitter resin extracted from the mezereon (Daphne mezereum) and regarded as the essential principle of the plant.
Daphnin (n.) A white, crystalline, bitter substance, regarded as a glucoside, and extracted from Daphne mezereum and D. alpina.
Dauphin (n.) The title of the eldest son of the king of France, and heir to the crown. Since the revolution of 1830, the title has been discontinued.
Decayed (a.) Fallen, as to physical or social condition; affected with decay; rotten; as, decayed vegetation or vegetables; a decayed fortune or gentleman.
Decline (v. i.) A gradual sinking and wasting away of the physical faculties; any wasting disease, esp. pulmonary consumption; as, to die of a decline.
Degrade (v. t.) To reduce in estimation, character, or reputation; to lessen the value of; to lower the physical, moral, or intellectual character of; to debase; to bring shame or contempt upon; to disgrace; as, vice degrades a man.
Delphic (a.) Of or relating to Delphi, or to the famous oracle of that place.
Delphic (a.) Ambiguous; mysterious.
Delphin (a.) Alt. of Delphine
Delphin (n.) A fatty substance contained in the oil of the dolphin and the porpoise; -- called also phocenin.
Dextrin (n.) A translucent, gummy, amorphous substance, nearly tasteless and odorless, used as a substitute for gum, for sizing, etc., and obtained from starch by the action of heat, acids, or diastase. It is of somewhat variable composition, containing several carbohydrates which change easily to their respective varieties of sugar. It is so named from its rotating the plane of polarization to the right; -- called also British gum, Alsace gum, gommelin, leiocome, etc.
Dibasic (a.) Having two acid hydrogen atoms capable of replacement by basic atoms or radicals, in forming salts; bibasic; -- said of acids, as oxalic or sulphuric acids. Cf. Diacid, Bibasic.
Digamma (n.) A letter (/, /) of the Greek alphabet, which early fell into disuse.
Diglyph (n.) A projecting face like the triglyph, but having only two channels or grooves sunk in it.
Digraph (n.) Two signs or characters combined to express a single articulated sound; as ea in head, or th in bath.
Dimorph (n.) Either one of the two forms of a dimorphous substance; as, calcite and aragonite are dimorphs.
Diptera (n. pl.) An extensive order of insects having only two functional wings and two balancers, as the house fly, mosquito, etc. They have a suctorial proboscis, often including two pairs of sharp organs (mandibles and maxillae) with which they pierce the skin of animals. They undergo a complete metamorphosis, their larvae (called maggots) being usually without feet.
Disable (v. t.) To render unable or incapable; to destroy the force, vigor, or power of action of; to deprive of competent physical or intellectual power; to incapacitate; to disqualify; to make incompetent or unfit for service; to impair.
Disgust (v. t.) Repugnance to what is offensive; aversion or displeasure produced by something loathsome; loathing; strong distaste; -- said primarily of the sickening opposition felt for anything which offends the physical organs of taste; now rather of the analogous repugnance excited by anything extremely unpleasant to the moral taste or higher sensibilities of our nature; as, an act of cruelty may excite disgust.
Dispute (v. i.) To contend in argument; to argue against something maintained, upheld, or claimed, by another; to discuss; to reason; to debate; to altercate; to wrangle.
Distort (v. t.) To twist of natural or regular shape; to twist aside physically; as, to distort the limbs, or the body.
Docetae (n. pl.) Ancient heretics who held that Christ's body was merely a phantom or appearance.
Dolphin (n.) A cetacean of the genus Delphinus and allied genera (esp. D. delphis); the true dolphin.
Dolphin (n.) The Coryphaena hippuris, a fish of about five feet in length, celebrated for its surprising changes of color when dying. It is the fish commonly known as the dolphin. See Coryphaenoid.
Dolphin (n.) A mass of iron or lead hung from the yardarm, in readiness to be dropped on the deck of an enemy's vessel.
Dolphin (n.) A kind of wreath or strap of plaited cordage.
Dolphin (n.) A spar or buoy held by an anchor and furnished with a ring to which ships may fasten their cables.
Dolphin (n.) A mooring post on a wharf or beach.
Dolphin (n.) A permanent fender around a heavy boat just below the gunwale.
Dolphin (n.) In old ordnance, one of the handles above the trunnions by which the gun was lifted.
Dolphin (n.) A small constellation between Aquila and Pegasus. See Delphinus, n., 2.
Doublet (a.) An arrangement of two lenses for a microscope, designed to correct spherical aberration and chromatic dispersion, thus rendering the image of an object more clear and distinct.
Dualism (n.) The theory that each cerebral hemisphere acts independently of the other.
Ecbatic (a.) Denoting a mere result or consequence, as distinguished from telic, which denotes intention or purpose; thus the phrase / /, if rendered "so that it was fulfilled," is ecbatic; if rendered "in order that it might be." etc., is telic.
Eclogue (n.) A pastoral poem, in which shepherds are introduced conversing with each other; a bucolic; an idyl; as, the Ecloques of Virgil, from which the modern usage of the word has been established.
Edenite (n.) A variety of amphibole. See Amphibole.
Educate (v. t.) To bring /// or guide the powers of, as a child; to develop and cultivate, whether physically, mentally, or morally, but more commonly limited to the mental activities or senses; to expand, strengthen, and discipline, as the mind, a faculty, etc.,; to form and regulate the principles and character of; to prepare and fit for any calling or business by systematic instruction; to cultivate; to train; to instruct; as, to educate a child; to educate the eye or the taste.
Eidolon (n.) An image or representation; a form; a phantom; an apparition.
Elapine (a.) Like or pertaining to the Elapidae, a family of poisonous serpents, including the cobras. See Ophidia.
Eleatic (a.) Of or pertaining to a certain school of Greek philosophers who taught that the only certain science is that which owes nothing to the senses, and all to the reason.
Eleatic (n.) A philosopher of the Eleatic school.
Element (n.) The simplest or fundamental principles of any system in philosophy, science, or art; rudiments; as, the elements of geometry, or of music.
Element (n.) One of the simple substances, as supposed by the ancient philosophers; one of the imaginary principles of matter.
Element (n.) The elements of the alchemists were salt, sulphur, and mercury.
Embrace (n.) To include as parts of a whole; to comprehend; to take in; as, natural philosophy embraces many sciences.
Eminent (a.) Being, metaphorically, above others, whether by birth, high station, merit, or virtue; high in public estimation; distinguished; conspicuous; as, an eminent station; an eminent historian, statements, statesman, or saint.
Empower (v. t.) To give moral or physical power, faculties, or abilities to.
Entheic (a.) Caused by a morbifie virus implanted in the system; as, an enthetic disease like syphilis.
Envelop (n.) A set of limits for the performance capabilities of some type of machine, originally used to refer to aircraft. Now also used metaphorically to refer to capabilities of any system in general, including human organizations, esp. in the phrase push the envelope. It is used to refer to the maximum performance available at the current state of the technology, and therefore refers to a class of machines in general, not a specific machine.
Eophyte (n.) A fossil plant which is found in the lowest beds of the Silurian age.
Ephoral (a.) Pertaining to an ephor.
Ephraim (n.) A hunter's name for the grizzly bear.
Epicene (a. & n.) Common to both sexes; -- a term applied, in grammar, to such nouns as have but one form of gender
Epitaph (n.) An inscription on, or at, a tomb, or a grave, in memory or commendation of the one buried there; a sepulchral inscription.
Epitaph (n.) A brief writing formed as if to be inscribed on a monument, as that concerning Alexander: "Sufficit huic tumulus, cui non sufficeret orbis."
Epitaph (v. t.) To commemorate by an epitaph.
Epitaph (v. i.) To write or speak after the manner of an epitaph.
Epithet (n.) Term; expression; phrase.
Equator (n.) The imaginary great circle on the earth's surface, everywhere equally distant from the two poles, and dividing the earth's surface into two hemispheres.
Equator (n.) The great circle of the celestial sphere, coincident with the plane of the earth's equator; -- so called because when the sun is in it, the days and nights are of equal length; hence called also the equinoctial, and on maps, globes, etc., the equinoctial line.
Eserine (n.) An alkaloid found in the Calabar bean, and the seed of Physostigma venenosum; physostigmine. It is used in ophthalmic surgery for its effect in contracting the pupil.
Ethical (a.) Of, or belonging to, morals; treating of the moral feelings or duties; containing percepts of morality; moral; as, ethic discourses or epistles; an ethical system; ethical philosophy.
Etoolin (n.) A yellowish coloring matter found in plants grown in darkness, which is supposed to be an antecedent condition of chlorophyll.
Eugenin (n.) A colorless, crystal. Eugenol (n.) A colorless, aromatic, liquid hydrocarbon, C10H12O2 resembling the phenols, and hence also called eugenic acid. It is found in the oils of pimento and cloves.
Euphony (n.) A pleasing or sweet sound; an easy, smooth enunciation of sounds; a pronunciation of letters and syllables which is pleasing to the ear.
Euphroe (n.) A block or long slat of wood, perforated for the passage of the crowfoot, or cords by which an awning is held up.
Euryale (n.) A genus of ophiurans with much-branched arms.
Exhaust (v. t.) To drain, metaphorically; to use or expend wholly, or till the supply comes to an end; to deprive wholly of strength; to use up; to weary or tire out; to wear out; as, to exhaust one's strength, patience, or resources.
Faculae (n. pl.) Groups of small shining spots on the surface of the sun which are brighter than the other parts of the photosphere. They are generally seen in the neighborhood of the dark spots, and are supposed to be elevated portions of the photosphere.
Faculty (n.) A body of a men to whom any specific right or privilege is granted; formerly, the graduates in any of the four departments of a university or college (Philosophy, Law, Medicine, or Theology), to whom was granted the right of teaching (profitendi or docendi) in the department in which they had studied; at present, the members of a profession itself; as, the medical faculty; the legal faculty, ect.
Fallacy (n.) An argument, or apparent argument, which professes to be decisive of the matter at issue, while in reality it is not; a sophism.
Fathead (n.) A cyprinoid fish of the Mississippi valley (Pimephales promelas); -- called also black-headed minnow.
Faucial (a.) Pertaining to the fauces; pharyngeal.
Feather (n.) Kind; nature; species; -- from the proverbial phrase, "Birds of a feather," that is, of the same species.
Fermacy (n.) Medicine; pharmacy.
Ferrous (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, iron; -- especially used of compounds of iron in which the iron has its lower valence; as, ferrous sulphate.
Fibroin (n.) A variety of gelatin; the chief ingredient of raw silk, extracted as a white amorphous mass.
Figwort (n.) A genus of herbaceous plants (Scrophularia), mostly found in the north temperate zones. See Brownwort.
Frailty (a.) The condition quality of being frail, physically, mentally, or morally, frailness; infirmity; weakness of resolution; liableness to be deceived or seduced.
Fulfill (v. t.) To accomplish or carry into effect, as an intention, promise, or prophecy, a desire, prayer, or requirement, etc.; to complete by performance; to answer the requisitions of; to bring to pass, as a purpose or design; to effectuate.
Gallein (n.) A red crystal. Gauffre (n.) A gopher, esp. the pocket gopher.
Gehenna (n.) The valley of Hinnom, near Jerusalem, where some of the Israelites sacrificed their children to Moloch, which, on this account, was afterward regarded as a place of abomination, and made a receptacle for all the refuse of the city, perpetual fires being kept up in order to prevent pestilential effluvia. In the New Testament the name is transferred, by an easy metaphor, to Hell.
Geordie (n.) A name given by miners to George Stephenson's safety lamp.
Gesture (n.) A motion of the body or limbs expressive of sentiment or passion; any action or posture intended to express an idea or a passion, or to enforce or emphasize an argument, assertion, or opinion.
Gizzard (n.) The second, or true, muscular stomach of birds, in which the food is crushed and ground, after being softened in the glandular stomach (crop), or lower part of the esophagus; the gigerium.
Glacial (a.) Pertaining to ice or to its action; consisting of ice; frozen; icy; esp., pertaining to glaciers; as, glacial phenomena.
Glacial (a.) Resembling ice; having the appearance and consistency of ice; -- said of certain solid compounds; as, glacial phosphoric or acetic acids.
Gladius (n.) The internal shell, or pen, of cephalopods like the squids.
Gliadin (n.) Vegetable glue or gelatin; glutin. It is one of the constituents of wheat gluten, and is a tough, amorphous substance, which resembles animal glue or gelatin.
Globose (a.) Having a rounded form resembling that of a globe; globular, or nearly so; spherical.
Globous (a.) Spherical.
Globule (n.) A little globe; a small particle of matter, of a spherical form.
Globule (n.) A minute spherical or rounded structure; as blood, lymph, and pus corpuscles, minute fungi, spores, etc.
Glossic (n.) A system of phonetic spelling based upon the present values of English letters, but invariably using one symbol to represent one sound only.
Glottis (n.) The opening from the pharynx into the larynx or into the trachea. See Larynx.
Glyoxal (n.) A white, amorphous, deliquescent powder, (CO.H)2, obtained by the partial oxidation of glycol. It is a double aldehyde, between glycol and oxalic acid.
Glyphic (a.) Of or pertaining to sculpture or carving of any sort, esp. to glyphs.
Gnostic (n.) One of the so-called philosophers in the first ages of Christianity, who claimed a true philosophical interpretation of the Christian religion. Their system combined Oriental theology and Greek philosophy with the doctrines of Christianity. They held that all natures, intelligible, intellectual, and material, are derived from the Deity by successive emanations, which they called Eons.
Gobline (n.) One of the ropes or chains serving as stays for the dolphin striker or the bowsprit; -- called also gobrope and gaubline.
Goggler (n.) A carangoid oceanic fish (Trachurops crumenophthalmus), having very large and prominent eyes; -- called also goggle-eye, big-eyed scad, and cicharra.
Gordius (n.) A genus of long, slender, nematoid worms, parasitic in insects until near maturity, when they leave the insect, and live in water, in which they deposit their eggs; -- called also hair eel, hairworm, and hair snake, from the absurd, but common and widely diffused, notion that they are metamorphosed horsehairs.
Gourami (n.) A very largo East Indian freshwater fish (Osphromenus gorami), extensively reared in artificial ponds in tropical countries, and highly valued as a food fish. Many unsuccessful efforts have been made to introduce it into Southern Europe.
Grackle (n.) One of several American blackbirds, of the family Icteridae; as, the rusty grackle (Scolecophagus Carolinus); the boat-tailed grackle (see Boat-tail); the purple grackle (Quiscalus quiscula, or Q. versicolor). See Crow blackbird, under Crow.
Gradual (n.) An antiphon or responsory after the epistle, in the Mass, which was sung on the steps, or while the deacon ascended the steps.
Grammar (n.) treatise on the elements or principles of any science; as, a grammar of geography.
Grampus (n.) A toothed delphinoid cetacean, of the genus Grampus, esp. G. griseus of Europe and America, which is valued for its oil. It grows to be fifteen to twenty feet long; its color is gray with white streaks. Called also cowfish. The California grampus is G. Stearnsii.
Graphic (a.) Alt. of Graphical
Grecize (v. t.) To render Grecian; also, to cause (a word or phrase in another language) to take a Greek form; as, the name is Grecized.
Grouper (n.) One of several species of valuable food fishes of the genus Epinephelus, of the family Serranidae, as the red grouper, or brown snapper (E. morio), and the black grouper, or warsaw (E. nigritus), both from Florida and the Gulf of Mexico.
Gryphon (n.) The griffin vulture.
Guelfic (a.) Of or pertaining to the family or the faction of the Guelphs.
Guiacol (n.) A colorless liquid, C6H4,OCH3.OH, resembling the phenols, found as a constituent of woodtar creosote, aud produced by the dry distillation of guaiac resin.
Gummite (n.) A yellow amorphous mineral, essentially a hydrated oxide of uranium derived from the alteration of uraninite.
Habited (p. p. & a.) Clothed; arrayed; dressed; as, he was habited like a shepherd.
Hackney (v. t.) To devote to common or frequent use, as a horse or carriage; to wear out in common service; to make trite or commonplace; as, a hackneyed metaphor or quotation.
Hamular (a.) Hooked; hooklike; hamate; as, the hamular process of the sphenoid bone.
Harping (a.) Pertaining to the harp; as, harping symphonies.
Helvite (n.) A mineral of a yellowish color, consisting chiefly of silica, glucina, manganese, and iron, with a little sulphur.
Hematin (n.) A bluish black, amorphous substance containing iron and obtained from blood. It exists the red blood corpuscles united with globulin, and the form of hemoglobin or oxyhemoglobin gives to the blood its red color.
Herdess (n.) A shepherdess; a female herder.
Herself (pron.) An emphasized form of the third person feminine pronoun; -- used as a subject with she; as, she herself will bear the blame; also used alone in the predicate, either in the nominative or objective case; as, it is herself; she blames herself.
Hiphalt (a.) Lame in the hip.
History (n.) A systematic, written account of events, particularly of those affecting a nation, institution, science, or art, and usually connected with a philosophical explanation of their causes; a true story, as distinguished from a romance
Hobbism (n.) The philosophical system of Thomas Hobbes, an English materialist (1588-1679); esp., his political theory that the most perfect form of civil government is an absolute monarchy with despotic control over everything relating to law, morals, and religion.
Hogweed (n.) In England, the Heracleum Sphondylium.
Hopeite (n.) A hydrous phosphate of zinc in transparent prismatic crystals.
Hyaline (n.) A poetic term for the sea or the atmosphere.
Hydriad (n.) A water nymph.
Idorgan (n.) A morphological unit, consisting of two or more plastids, which does not possess the positive character of the person or stock, in distinction from the physiological organ or biorgan. See Morphon.
Imagery (n.) The work of the imagination or fancy; false ideas; imaginary phantasms.
Indican (n.) An indigo-forming substance, found in urine, and other animal fluids, and convertible into red and blue indigo (urrhodin and uroglaucin). Chemically, it is indoxyl sulphate of potash, C8H6NSO4K, and is derived from the indol formed in the alimentary canal. Called also uroxanthin.
Inherit (v. t.) To receive or take by birth; to have by nature; to derive or acquire from ancestors, as mental or physical qualities; as, he inherits a strong constitution, a tendency to disease, etc.
Inosite (n.) A white crystal. Inquiry (n.) Search for truth, information, or knoledge; examination into facts or principles; research; invextigation; as, physical inquiries.
Jewbush (n.) A euphorbiaceous shrub of the genus Pedilanthus (P. tithymaloides), found in the West Indies, and possessing powerful emetic and drastic qualities.
Kainite (n.) A compound salt consisting chiefly of potassium chloride and magnesium sulphate, occurring at the Stassfurt salt mines in Prussian Saxony.
Kaleege (n.) One of several species of large, crested, Asiatic pheasants, belonging to the genus Euplocamus, and allied to the firebacks.
Kantian (a.) Of or pertaining to Immanuel Kant, the German philosopher; conformed or relating to any or all of the philosophical doctrines of Immanuel Kant.
Kantism (n.) The doctrine or theory of Kant; the Kantian philosophy.
Katydid (n.) A large, green, arboreal, orthopterous insect (Cyrtophyllus concavus) of the family Locustidae, common in the United States. The males have stridulating organs at the bases of the front wings. During the summer and autumn, in the evening, the males make a peculiar, loud, shrill sound, resembling the combination Katy-did, whence the name.
Kerasin (n.) A nitrogenous substance free from phosphorus, supposed to be present in the brain; a body closely related to cerebrin.
Keratin (n.) A nitrogenous substance, or mixture of substances, containing sulphur in a loose state of combination, and forming the chemical basis of epidermal tissues, such as horn, hair, feathers, and the like. It is an insoluble substance, and, unlike elastin, is not dissolved even by gastric or pancreatic juice. By decomposition with sulphuric acid it yields leucin and tyrosin, as does albumin. Called also epidermose.
Khaliff (n.) See Caliph.
Kingdom (n.) The territory or country subject to a king or queen; the dominion of a monarch; the sphere in which one is king or has control.
Koklass (n.) Any pheasant of the genus Pucrasia. The birds of this genus inhabit India and China, and are distinguished by having a long central and two lateral crests on the head. Called also pucras.
Lacinia (n.) A narrow, slender portion of the edge of a monophyllous calyx, or of any irregularly incised leaf.
Lacteal (n.) One of the lymphatic vessels which convey chyle from the small intestine through the mesenteric glands to the thoracic duct; a chyliferous vessel.
Langaha (n.) A curious colubriform snake of the genus Xyphorhynchus, from Madagascar. It is brownish red, and its nose is prolonged in the form of a sharp blade.
Laputan (a.) Of or pertaining to Laputa, an imaginary flying island described in Gulliver's Travels as the home of chimerical philosophers. Hence, fanciful; preposterous; absurd in science or philosophy.
Laurite (n.) A rare sulphide of osmium and ruthenium found with platinum in Borneo and Oregon.
Legible (a.) Capable of being read or deciphered; distinct to the eye; plain; -- used of writing or printing; as, a fair, legible manuscript.
Lemming (n.) Any one of several species of small arctic rodents of the genera Myodes and Cuniculus, resembling the meadow mice in form. They are found in both hemispheres.
Letheon (n.) Sulphuric ether used as an anaesthetic agent.
Levulin (n.) A substance resembling dextrin, obtained from the bulbs of the dahlia, the artichoke, and other sources, as a colorless, spongy, amorphous material. It is so called because by decomposition it yields levulose.
Lexical (a.) Of or pertaining to a lexicon, to lexicography, or words; according or conforming to a lexicon.
Lexicon (n.) A vocabulary, or book containing an alphabetical arrangement of the words in a language or of a considerable number of them, with the definition of each; a dictionary; especially, a dictionary of the Greek, Hebrew, or Latin language.
Liberal (a.) Not bound by orthodox tenets or established forms in political or religious philosophy; independent in opinion; not conservative; friendly to great freedom in the constitution or administration of government; having tendency toward democratic or republican, as distinguished from monarchical or aristocratic, forms; as, liberal thinkers; liberal Christians; the Liberal party.
Limulus (n.) The only existing genus of Merostomata. It includes only a few species from the East Indies, and one (Limulus polyphemus) from the Atlantic coast of North America. Called also Molucca crab, king crab, horseshoe crab, and horsefoot.
Lineman (n.) A man employed to examine the rails of a railroad to see if they are in good condition; also, a man employed to repair telegraph lines.
Literal (a.) According to the letter or verbal expression; real; not figurative or metaphorical; as, the literal meaning of a phrase.
Lithium (n.) A metallic element
Lobelin (n.) A yellowish green resin from Lobelia, used as an emetic and diaphoretic.
Lobster (n.) Any large macrurous crustacean used as food, esp. those of the genus Homarus; as the American lobster (H. Americanus), and the European lobster (H. vulgaris). The Norwegian lobster (Nephrops Norvegicus) is similar in form. All these have a pair of large unequal claws. The spiny lobsters of more southern waters, belonging to Palinurus, Panulirus, and allied genera, have no large claws. The fresh-water crayfishes are sometimes called lobsters.
Looming (n.) The indistinct and magnified appearance of objects seen in particular states of the atmosphere. See Mirage.
Lophine (n.) A nitrogenous organic base obtained by the oxidation of amarine, and regarded as a derivative of benzoic aldehyde. It is obtained in long white crystal. Lucifer (n.) The planet Venus, when appearing as the morning star; -- applied in Isaiah by a metaphor to a king of Babylon.
Lychnis (n.) A genus of Old World plants belonging to the Pink family (Caryophyllaceae). Most of the species have brilliantly colored flowers and cottony leaves, which may have anciently answered as wicks for lamps. The botanical name is in common use for the garden species. The corn cockle (Lychnis Githago) is a common weed in wheat fields.
Magdala (a.) Designating an orange-red dyestuff obtained from naphthylamine, and called magdala red, naphthalene red, etc.
Magilph (n.) See Megilp.
Magnate () A person of rank; a noble or grandee; a person of influence or distinction in any sphere.
Mammoth (n.) An extinct, hairy, maned elephant (Elephas primigenius), of enormous size, remains of which are found in the northern parts of both continents. The last of the race, in Europe, were coeval with prehistoric man.
Mannide (n.) A white amorphous or crystal. Marcato (a.) In a marked emphatic manner; -- used adverbially as a direction.
Marmose (n.) A species of small opossum (Didelphus murina) ranging from Mexico to Brazil.
Martite (n.) Iron sesquioxide in isometric form, probably a pseudomorph after magnetite.
Mastery (n.) Superiority in war or competition; victory; triumph; preeminence.
Mastery (n.) Specifically, the philosopher's stone.
Matweed (n.) A name of several maritime grasses, as the sea sand-reed (Ammophila arundinacea) which is used in Holland to bind the sand of the seacoast dikes (see Beach grass, under Beach); also, the Lygeum Spartum, a Mediterranean grass of similar habit.
Mayoral (n.) The conductir of a mule team; also, a head shepherd.
Measure (n.) Extent or degree not excessive or beyong bounds; moderation; due restraint; esp. in the phrases, in measure; with measure; without or beyond measure.
Measure (a.) A number which is contained in a given number a number of times without a remainder; as in the phrases, the common measure, the greatest common measure, etc., of two or more numbers.
Megilph (n.) A gelatinous compound of linseed oil and mastic varnish, used by artists as a vehicle for colors.
Mellone (n.) A yellow powder, C6H3N9, obtained from certain sulphocyanates. It has acid properties and forms compounds called mellonides.
Memoirs (n.) A memorial of any individual; a biography; often, a biography written without special regard to method and completeness.
Menthol (n.) A white, crystalline, aromatic substance resembling camphor, extracted from oil of peppermint (Mentha); -- called also mint camphor or peppermint camphor.
Mention (n.) A speaking or notice of anything, -- usually in a brief or cursory manner. Used especially in the phrase to make mention of.
Mermaid (n.) A fabled marine creature, typically represented as having the upper part like that of a woman, and the lower like a fish; a sea nymph, sea woman, or woman fish.
Mesozoa (n. pl.) A group of very lowly organized, wormlike parasites, including the Dicyemata. They are found in cephalopods. See Dicyemata.
Metazoa (n. pl.) Those animals in which the protoplasmic mass, constituting the egg, is converted into a multitude of cells, which are metamorphosed into the tissues of the body. A central cavity is commonly developed, and the cells around it are at first arranged in two layers, -- the ectoderm and endoderm. The group comprises nearly all animals except the Protozoa.
Metoche (n.) The space between two triglyphs.
Midriff (n.) See Diaphragm, n., 2.
Mileage (n.) Aggregate length or distance in miles; esp., the sum of lengths of tracks or wires of a railroad company, telegraph company, etc.
Minette (n.) The smallest of regular sizes of portrait photographs.
Minivet (n.) A singing bird of India of the family Campephagidae.
Mixture (n.) A mass of two or more ingredients, the particles of which are separable, independent, and uncompounded with each other, no matter how thoroughly and finely commingled; -- contrasted with a compound; thus, gunpowder is a mechanical mixture of carbon, sulphur, and niter.
Monesia (n.) The bark, or a vegetable extract brought in solid cakes from South America and believed to be derived from the bark, of the tree Chrysophyllum glycyphloeum. It is used as an alterative and astringent.
Morally (adv.) In moral qualities; in disposition and character; as, one who physically and morally endures hardships.
Morphew (n.) A scurfy eruption.
Morphew (v. t.) To cover with a morphew.
Morphia (n.) Morphine.
Morphon (n.) A morphological individual, characterized by definiteness of form bion, a physiological individual. See Tectology.
Mucedin (n.) A yellowish white, amorphous, nitrogenous substance found in wheat, rye, etc., and resembling gluten; -- formerly called also mucin.
Mudarin (n.) A brown, amorphous, bitter substance having a strong emetic action, extracted from the root of the mudar.
Mundane (a.) Of or pertaining to the world; worldly; earthly; terrestrial; as, the mundane sphere.
Myophan (n.) A contractile striated layer found in the bodies and stems of certain Infusoria.
Naevoid (a.) Resembling a naevus or naevi; as, naevoid elephantiasis.
Naphtha (n.) The complex mixture of volatile, liquid, inflammable hydrocarbons, occurring naturally, and usually called crude petroleum, mineral oil, or rock oil. Specifically: That portion of the distillate obtained in the refinement of petroleum Naphtha (n.) One of several volatile inflammable liquids obtained by the distillation of certain carbonaceous materials and resembling the naphtha from petroleum; as, Boghead naphtha, from Boghead coal (obtained at Boghead, Scotland); crude naphtha, or light oil, from coal tar; wood naphtha, from wood, etc.
Nepotal (a.) Of or relating to a nephew.
Netfish (n.) An astrophyton.
Noology (n.) The science of intellectual phenomena.
Nothing (n.) A cipher; naught.
Nuclein (n.) A constituent of the nuclei of all cells. It is a colorless amorphous substance
Nucleus (n.) A body, usually spheroidal, in a cell or a protozoan, distinguished from the surrounding protoplasm by a difference in refrangibility and in behavior towards chemical reagents. It is more or less protoplasmic, and consists of a clear fluid (achromatin) through which extends a network of fibers (chromatin) in which may be suspended a second rounded body, the nucleolus (see Nucleoplasm). See Cell division, under Division.
Nymphal (a.) Of or pertaining to a nymph or nymphs; nymphean.
Nymphet (n.) A little or young nymph.
Nymphic (a.) Alt. of Nymphical
Nymphly (a.) Resembling, or characteristic of, a nymph.
Acyclic (a.) Having an open-chain structure; aliphatic.
Adenoid (n.) A swelling produced by overgrowth of the adenoid tissue in the roof of the pharynx; -- usually in pl.
Alphorn (n.) A curved wooden horn about three feet long, with a cupped mouthpiece and a bell, used by the Swiss to sound the ranz des vaches and other melodies. Its notes are open harmonics of the tube.
Amanita (n.) A genus of poisonous fungi of the family Agaricaceae, characterized by having a volva, an annulus, and white spores. The species resemble edible mushrooms, and are frequently mistaken for them. Amanita muscaria, syn. Agaricus muscarius, is the fly amanita, or fly agaric; and A. phalloides is the death cup.
Angioma (n.) A tumor composed chiefly of dilated blood or lymph vessels.
Ant cow () Any aphid from which ants obtain honeydew.
Aphotic (a.) Without light.
Biprism (n.) A combination of two short rectangular glass prisms cemented together at their diagonal faces so as to form a cube; -- called also optical cube. It is used in one form of photometer.
Bracket (n.) A figure determined by firing a projectile beyond a target and another short of it, as a basis for ascertaining the proper elevation of the piece; -- only used in the phrase, to establish a bracket. After the bracket is established shots are fired with intermediate elevations until the exact range is obtained. In the United States navy it is called fork.
Coherer (n.) Any device in which an imperfectly conducting contact between pieces of metal or other conductors loosely resting against each other is materially improved in conductivity by the influence of Hertzian waves; -- so called by Sir O. J. Lodge in 1894 on the assumption that the impact of the electic waves caused the loosely connected parts to cohere, or weld together, a condition easily destroyed by tapping.
Control (n.) Any of the physical factors determining the climate of any particular place, as latitude,distribution of land and water, altitude, exposure, prevailing winds, permanent high- or low-barometric-pressure areas, ocean currents, mountain barriers, soil, and vegetation.
Couleur (n.) Color; -- chiefly used in a few French phrases, as couler de rose, color of rose; and hence, adjectively, rose-colored; roseate.
Cyclone (n.) In general, a condition of the atmosphere characterized by a central area of pressure much lower than that of surrounding areas, and a system of winds blowing inward and around (clockwise in the southern hemisphere and counter-clockwise in the northern); -- called also a low-area storm. It is attended by high temperature, moist air, abundant precipitation, and clouded sky. The term includes the hurricane, typhoon, and tropical storms
Dephase (v. t.) To put out of phase, as two parts of a single alternating current.
Duotone (n.) Any picture printed in two shades of the same color, as duotypes and duographs are usually printed.
Futhork (n.) The Runic alphabet; -- so called from the six letters f, u, / (th), o (or a), r, c (=k).
Grolier (n.) The name by which Jean Grolier de Servier (1479-1565), a French bibliophile, is commonly known; -- used in naming a certain style of binding, a design, etc.
Hittite (n.) A member of an ancient people (or perhaps group of peoples) whose settlements extended from Armenia westward into Asia Minor and southward into Palestine. They are known to have been met along the Orontes as early as 1500 b. c., and were often at war with the Egyptians and Assyrians. Especially in the north they developed a considerable civilization, of which numerous monuments and inscriptions are extant. Authorities are not agreed as to their race.
Hunkers (n. pl.) In the phrase on one's hunkers, in a squatting or crouching position.
Interne (n.) A resident physician in a hospital; a house physician.
Marconi (a.) Designating, or pert. to, Marconi's system of wireless telegraphy; as, Marconi aerial, coherer, station, system, etc.
Negroid (n.) A member of any one of several East African tribes whose physical characters show an admixture with other races.
Omicron (n.) Lit., the little, or short, O, o; the fifteenth letter of the Greek alphabet.
Overman (n.) In the philosophy of Nietzsche, a man of superior physique and powers capable of dominating others; one fitted to survive in an egoistic struggle for the mastery.
Phantom (a.) Being, or of the nature of, a phantom.
Phasing (a.) Pertaining to phase or differences of phase.
Release (n.) In the block-signaling system, a printed card conveying information and instructions to be used at intermediate sidings without telegraphic stations.
Rontgen (a.) Of or pertaining to the German physicist Wilhelm Konrad Rontgen, or the rays discovered by him; as, Rontgen apparatus.
Sakiyeh (n.) A kind of water wheel used in Egypt for raising water, from wells or pits, in buckets attached to its periphery or to an endless rope.
Syntony (n.) State of being adjusted to a certain wave length; agreement or tuning between the time period of an apparatus emitting electric oscillations and that of a receiving apparatus, esp. in wireless telegraphy.
Tailing (n.) A prolongation of current in a telegraph line.Telpher (n.) Specif., the equipment or apparatus used in a system of electric transportation by means of carriages which are suspended on an overhead conductor, as of wire.
Trional (n.) A compound similar to sulphonal, used as a hypnotic in medicine.
Tuatara (n.) A large iguanalike reptile (Sphenodon punctatum) formerly common in New Zealand, but now confined to certain islets near the coast. It reaches a length of two and a half feet, is dark olive-green with small white or yellowish specks on the sides, and has yellow spines along the back, except on the neck.
Tousche () A lithographic drawing or painting material of the same nature as lithographic ink. It is also used as a resistant in the biting-in process.
Upsilon (n.) The 20th letter (/, /) of the Greek alphabet, a vowel having originally the sound of / as in room, becoming before the 4th century b. c. that French u or Ger. u. Its equivalent in English is u or y.
Variole (n.) A spherule of a variolite.
Vehicle (n.) A liquid used to spread sensitive salts upon glass and paper for use in photography.
Visayan (n.) A member of the most numerous of the native races of the Philippines, occupying the Visayan Islands and the northern coast Mindanao; also, their language. The Visayans possessed a native culture and alphabet.
Vitriol (n.) To dip in dilute sulphuric acid; to pickle.
Obelisk (n.) An upright, four-sided pillar, gradually tapering as it rises, and terminating in a pyramid called pyramidion. It is ordinarily monolithic. Egyptian obelisks are commonly covered with hieroglyphic writing from top to bottom.
Oblatum (n.) An oblate spheroid; a figure described by the revolution of an ellipse about its minor axis. Cf. Oblongum.
Octopus (n.) A genus of eight-armed cephalopods, including numerous species, some of them of large size. See Devilfish,
Olifant (n.) An elephant.
Oophore (n.) An alternately produced form of certain cryptogamous plants, as ferns, mosses, and the like, which bears antheridia and archegonia, and so has sexual fructification, as contrasted with the sporophore, which is nonsexual, but produces spores in countless number. In ferns the oophore is a minute prothallus; in mosses it is the leafy plant.
Oophyte (n.) Any plant of a proposed class or grand division (collectively termed oophytes or Oophyta), which have their sexual reproduction accomplished by motile antherozoids acting on oospheres, either while included in their oogonia or after exclusion.
Oospore (n.) A special kind of spore resulting from the fertilization of an oosphere by antherozoids.
Oospore (n.) A fertilized oosphere in the ovule of a flowering plant.
Operate (v. i.) To perform a work or labor; to exert power or strengh, physical or mechanical; to act.
Operate (v. i.) To produce an appropriate physical effect; to issue in the result designed by nature; especially (Med.), to take appropriate effect on the human system.
Opetide (n.) The time between Epiphany and Ash Wednesday wherein marriages were formerly solemnized publicly in churches. [Eng.]
Ophelic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a substance (called ophelic acid) extracted from a plant (Ophelia) of the Gentian family as a bitter yellowish sirup, used in India as a febrifuge and tonic.
Ophidia (n. pl.) The order of reptiles which includes the serpents.
Ophidia (pl. ) of Ophidion
Ophiura (n.) A genus of ophiurioid starfishes.
Ophryon (n.) The supraorbital point.
Opossum (n.) Any American marsupial of the genera Didelphys and Chironectes. The common species of the United States is Didelphys Virginiana.
Orbical (a.) Spherical; orbicular; orblike; circular.
Orbicle (n.) A small orb, or sphere.
Orfrays (n.) See Orphrey. [Obs.] Rom. of R.
Organum (n.) An organ or instrument; hence, a method by which philosophical or scientific investigation may be conducted; -- a term adopted from the Aristotelian writers by Lord Bacon, as the title ("Novum Organon") of part of his treatise on philosophical method.
Orphean (a.) Of or pertaining to Orpheus, the mythic poet and musician; as, Orphean strains.
Orpheus (n.) The famous mythic Thracian poet, son of the Muse Calliope, and husband of Eurydice. He is reputed to have had power to entrance beasts and inanimate objects by the music of his lyre.
Orphrey (n.) A band of rich embroidery, wholly or in part of gold, affixed to vestments, especially those of ecclesiastics.
Ovation (n.) A lesser kind of triumph allowed to a commander for an easy, bloodless victory, or a victory over slaves.
Oxyacid (n.) An acid containing oxygen, as chloric acid or sulphuric acid; -- contrasted with the hydracids, which contain no oxygen, as hydrochloric acid. See Acid, and Hydroxy-.
Oxysalt (n.) A salt of an oxyacid, as a sulphate.
Painful (a.) Full of pain; causing uneasiness or distress, either physical or mental; afflictive; disquieting; distressing.
Papboat (n.) A large spiral East Indian marine shell (Turbinella rapha); -- so called because used by native priests to hold the oil for anointing.
Paphian (a.) Of or pertaining to Paphos, an ancient city of Cyprus, having a celebrated temple of Venus; hence, pertaining to Venus, or her rites.
Paphian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Paphos.
Passage (v. i.) A particular portion constituting a part of something continuous; esp., a portion of a book, speech, or musical composition; a paragraph; a clause.
Passive (a.) Inactive; inert; not showing strong affinity; as, red phosphorus is comparatively passive.
Patient (a.) Having the quality of enduring; physically able to suffer or bear.
Patient (n.) A person under medical or surgical treatment; -- correlative to physician or nurse.
Peacock (n.) The male of any pheasant of the genus Pavo, of which at least two species are known, native of Southern Asia and the East Indies.
Peanism (n.) The song or shout of praise, of battle, or of triumph.
Pectose (n.) An amorphous carbohydrate found in the vegetable kingdom, esp. in unripe fruits. It is associated with cellulose, and is converted into substances of the pectin group.
Pedicel (n.) A slender stem by which certain of the lower animals or their eggs are attached. See Illust. of Aphis lion.
Perfect (a.) Hermaphrodite; having both stamens and pistils; -- said of flower.
Perseus (n.) A consellation of the northern hemisphere, near Taurus and Cassiopea. It contains a star cluster visible to the naked eye as a nebula.
Phaeton (n.) A handsome American butterfly (Euphydryas, / Melitaea, Phaeton). The upper side of the wings is black, with orange-red spots and marginal crescents, and several rows of cream-colored spots; -- called also Baltimore.
Phalanx (n.) A body of heavy-armed infantry formed in ranks and files close and deep. There were several different arrangements, the phalanx varying in depth from four to twenty-five or more ranks of men.
Phalanx (n.) A Fourierite community; a phalanstery.
Phalanx (n.) A group or bundle of stamens, as in polyadelphous flowers.
Phallic (a.) Of or pertaining to the phallus, or to phallism.
Phantom (n.) That which has only an apparent existence; an apparition; a specter; a phantasm; a sprite; an airy spirit; an ideal image.
Pharynx (n.) The part of the alimentary canal between the cavity of the mouth and the esophagus. It has one or two external openings through the nose in the higher vertebrates, and lateral branchial openings in fishes and some amphibias.
Phenose (n.) A sweet amorphous deliquescent substance obtained indirectly from benzene, and isometric with, and resembling, dextrose.
Philter (v. t.) To impregnate or mix with a love potion; as, to philter a draught.
Phlorol (n.) A liquid metameric with xylenol, belonging to the class of phenols, and obtained by distilling certain salts of phloretic acid.
Phocine (a.) Of or pertaining to the seal tribe; phocal.
Phorone (n.) A yellow crystal. Phrasal (a.) Of the nature of a phrase; consisting of a phrase; as, a phrasal adverb.
Phratry (n.) A subdivision of a phyle, or tribe, in Athens.
Phrenic (a.) Of or pertaining to the diaphragm; diaphragmatic; as, the phrenic nerve.
Physics (n.) The science of nature, or of natural objects; that branch of science which treats of the laws and properties of matter, and the forces acting upon it; especially, that department of natural science which treats of the causes (as gravitation, heat, light, magnetism, electricity, etc.) that modify the general properties of bodies; natural philosophy.
Picture (n.) A representation of anything (as a person, a landscape, a building) upon canvas, paper, or other surface, produced by means of painting, drawing, engraving, photography, etc.; a representation in colors. By extension, a figure; a model.
Piddock (n.) Any species of Pholas; a pholad. See Pholas.
Pigment (n.) Any one of the colored substances found in animal and vegetable tissues and fluids, as bilirubin, urobilin, chlorophyll, etc.
Pilcrow (n.) a paragraph mark, /.
Pimelic (a.) Designating the acid proper (C5H10(CO2/H)2) which is obtained from camphoric acid.
Pinesap (n.) A reddish fleshy herb of the genus Monotropa (M. hypopitys), formerly thought to be parasitic on the roots of pine trees, but more probably saprophytic.
Pintail (n.) A northern duck (Dafila acuta), native of both continents. The adult male has a long, tapering tail. Called also gray duck, piketail, piket-tail, spike-tail, split-tail, springtail, sea pheasant, and gray widgeon.
Pintail (n.) The sharp-tailed grouse of the great plains and Rocky Mountains (Pediocaetes phasianellus); -- called also pintailed grouse, pintailed chicken, springtail, and sharptail.
Pituite (n.) Mucus, phlegm.
Placebo (n.) The first antiphon of the vespers for the dead.
Plasmin (n.) A proteid body, separated by some physiologists from blood plasma. It is probably identical with fibrinogen.
Plastic (a.) Pertaining or appropriate to, or characteristic of, molding or modeling; produced by, or appearing as if produced by, molding or modeling; -- said of sculpture and the kindred arts, in distinction from painting and the graphic arts.
Pluteus (n.) The free-swimming larva of sea urchins and ophiurans, having several long stiff processes inclosing calcareous rods.
Poenamu (n.) A variety of jade or nephrite, -- used in New Zealand for the manufacture of axes and weapons.
Pollute (v. t.) To make foul, impure, or unclean; to defile; to taint; to soil; to desecrate; -- used of physical or moral defilement.
Polypus (n.) A tumor, usually with a narrow base, somewhat resembling a pear, -- found in the nose, uterus, etc., and produced by hypertrophy of some portion of the mucous membrane.
Porpita (n.) A genus of bright-colored Siphonophora found floating in the warmer parts of the ocean. The individuals are round and disk-shaped, with a large zooid in the center of the under side, surrounded by smaller nutritive and reproductive zooids, and by slender dactylozooids near the margin. The disk contains a central float, or pneumatocyst.
Potelot (n.) Molybdenum sulphide.
Potency (n.) The quality or state of being potent; physical or moral power; inherent strength; energy; ability to effect a purpose; capability; efficacy; influence.
Pouched (a.) Having external cheek pouches; as, the pouched gopher.
Predict (v. t.) To tell or declare beforehand; to foretell; to prophesy; to presage; as, to predict misfortune; to predict the return of a comet.
Present (a.) Present letters or instrument, as a deed of conveyance, a lease, letter of attorney, or other writing; as in the phrase, " Know all men by these presents," that is, by the writing itself, " per has literas praesentes; " -- in this sense, rarely used in the singular.
Probang (n.) A slender elastic rod, as of whalebone, with a sponge on the end, for removing obstructions from the esophagus, etc.
Process (n.) Any marked prominence or projecting part, especially of a bone; anapophysis.
Profane (a.) Irreverent in language; taking the name of God in vain; given to swearing; blasphemous; as, a profane person, word, oath, or tongue.
Profess (v. t.) To present to knowledge of, to proclaim one's self versed in; to make one's self a teacher or practitioner of, to set up as an authority respecting; to declare (one's self to be such); as, he professes surgery; to profess one's self a physician.
Project (v. t.) To draw or exhibit, as the form of anything; to delineate; as, to project a sphere, a map, an ellipse, and the like; Prolate (a.) Stretched out; extended; especially, elongated
Prophet (n.) One who prophesies, or foretells events; a predicter; a foreteller.
Prophet (n.) One inspired or instructed by God to speak in his name, or announce future events, as, Moses, Elijah, etc.
Prophet (n.) An interpreter; a spokesman.
Prophet (n.) A mantis.
Prosoma (n.) The anterior of the body of an animal, as of a cephalopod; the thorax of an arthropod.
Proteid (n.) One of a class of amorphous nitrogenous principles, containing, as a rule, a small amount of sulphur; an albuminoid, as blood fibrin, casein of milk, etc. Proteids are present in nearly all animal fluids and make up the greater part of animal tissues and organs. They are also important constituents of vegetable tissues. See 2d Note under Food.
Proteus (n.) A genus of aquatic eel-shaped amphibians found in caves in Austria. They have permanent external gills as well as lungs. The eyes are small and the legs are weak.
Proverb (n.) An old and common saying; a phrase which is often repeated; especially, a sentence which briefly and forcibly expresses some practical truth, or the result of experience and observation; a maxim; a saw; an adage.
Puceron (n.) Any plant louse, or aphis.
Purview (n.) Limit or sphere of authority; scope; extent.
Pyridyl (n.) A hypothetical radical, C5H4N, regarded as the essential residue of pyridine, and analogous to phenyl.
Pyrites (n.) A name given to a number of metallic minerals, sulphides of iron, copper, cobalt, nickel, and tin, of a white or yellowish color.
Pythian (a.) Of or pertaining to Delphi, to the temple of Apollo, or to the priestess of Apollo, who delivered oracles at Delphi.
Quadric (n.) A surface whose equation in three variables is of the second degree. Spheres, spheroids, ellipsoids, paraboloids, hyperboloids, also cones and cylinders with circular bases, are quadrics.
Quinine (n.) An alkaloid extracted from the bark of several species of cinchona (esp. Cinchona Calisaya) as a bitter white crystal. Quinoyl (n.) A radical of which quinone is the hydride, analogous to phenyl.
Radiale (n.) The bone or cartilage of the carpus which articulates with the radius and corresponds to the scaphoid bone in man.
Radiata (n. pl.) An extensive artificial group of invertebrates, having all the parts arranged radially around the vertical axis of the body, and the various organs repeated symmetrically in each ray or spheromere.
Rainbow (n.) A bow or arch exhibiting, in concentric bands, the several colors of the spectrum, and formed in the part of the hemisphere opposite to the sun by the refraction and reflection of the sun's rays in drops of falling rain.
Raphany (n.) A convulsive disease, attended with ravenous hunger, not uncommon in Sweden and Germany. It was so called because supposed to be caused by eating corn with which seeds of jointed charlock (Raphanus raphanistrum) had been mixed, but the condition is now known to be a form of ergotism.
Realgar (n.) Arsenic sulphide, a mineral of a brilliant red color; red orpiment. It is also an artificial product.
Red-gum (n.) An eruption of red pimples upon the face, neck, and arms, in early infancy; tooth rash; strophulus.
Redwing (n.) A European thrush (Turdus iliacus). Its under wing coverts are orange red. Called also redwinged thrush. (b) A North American passerine bird (Agelarius ph/niceus) of the family Icteridae. The male is black, with a conspicuous patch of bright red, bordered with orange, on each wing. Called also redwinged blackbird, red-winged troupial, marsh blackbird, and swamp blackbird.
Reflect (v. i.) To throw or turn back the thoughts upon anything; to contemplate. Specifically: To attend earnestly to what passes within the mind; to attend to the facts or phenomena of consciousness; to use attention or earnest thought; to meditate; especially, to think in relation to moral truth or rules.
Refrain (v.) The burden of a song; a phrase or verse which recurs at the end of each of the separate stanzas or divisions of a poetic composition.
Regalia (n. pl.) That which belongs to royalty. Specifically: (a) The rights and prerogatives of a king. (b) Royal estates and revenues. (c) Ensings, symbols, or paraphernalia of royalty.
Regular (a.) Constituted, selected, or conducted in conformity with established usages, rules, or discipline; duly authorized; permanently organized; as, a regular meeting; a regular physican; a regular nomination; regular troops.
Reptile (n.) One of the Reptilia, or one of the Amphibia.
Retired (a.) Withdrawn from active duty or business; as, a retired officer; a retired physician.
Rickets (n. pl.) A disease which affects children, and which is characterized by a bulky head, crooked spine and limbs, depressed ribs, enlarged and spongy articular epiphyses, tumid abdomen, and short stature, together with clear and often premature mental faculties. The essential cause of the disease appears to be the nondeposition of earthy salts in the osteoid tissues. Children afflicted with this malady stand and walk unsteadily. Called also rachitis.
Rorqual (n.) A very large North Atlantic whalebone whale (Physalus antiquorum, or Balaenoptera physalus). It has a dorsal fin, and strong longitudinal folds on the throat and belly. Called also razorback.
Rosalia (n.) A form of melody in which a phrase or passage is successively repeated, each time a step or half step higher; a melodic sequence.
Rosolic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, a complex red dyestuff (called rosolic acid)
Royalty (n.) Domain; province; sphere.
Rumicin (n.) A yellow crystal. Saccate (a.) Of or pertaining to the Saccata, a suborder of ctenophores having two pouches into which the long tentacles can be retracted.
Sainted (a.) Entered into heaven; -- a euphemism for dead.
Sankhya (n.) A Hindoo system of philosophy which refers all things to soul and a rootless germ called prakriti, consisting of three elements, goodness, passion, and darkness.
Saphead (n.) A weak-minded, stupid fellow; a milksop.
Saponin (n.) A poisonous glucoside found in many plants, as in the root of soapwort (Saponaria), in the bark of soap bark (Quillaia), etc. It is extracted as a white amorphous powder, which occasions a soapy lather in solution, and produces a local anaesthesia. Formerly called also struthiin, quillaiin, senegin, polygalic acid, etc. By extension, any one of a group of related bodies of which saponin proper is the type.
Sapphic (a.) Of or pertaining to Sappho, the Grecian poetess; as, Sapphic odes; Sapphic verse.
Sapphic (a.) Belonging to, or in the manner of, Sappho; -- said of a certain kind of verse reputed to have been invented by Sappho, consisting of five feet, of which the first, fourth, and fifth are trochees, the second is a spondee, and the third a dactyl.
Sapphic (n.) A Sapphic verse.
Sarigue (n.) A small South American opossum (Didelphys opossum), having four white spots on the face.
Saxhorn (n.) A name given to a numerous family of brass wind instruments with valves, invented by Antoine Joseph Adolphe Sax (known as Adolphe Sax), of Belgium and Paris, and much used in military bands and in orchestras.
Scepsis (n.) Skepticism; skeptical philosophy.
Scherzo (n.) A playful, humorous movement, commonly in 3-4 measure, which often takes the place of the old minuet and trio in a sonata or a symphony.
Science (n.) Accumulated and established knowledge, which has been systematized and formulated with reference to the discovery of general truths or the operation of general laws; knowledge classified and made available in work, life, or the search for truth; comprehensive, profound, or philosophical knowledge.
Science (n.) Especially, such knowledge when it relates to the physical world and its phenomena, the nature, constitution, and forces of matter, the qualities and functions of living tissues, etc.; -- called also natural science, and physical science.
Sciniph (n.) Some kind of stinging or biting insect, as a flea, a gnat, a sandfly, or the like.
Scotist (n.) A follower of (Joannes) Duns Scotus, the Franciscan scholastic (d. 1308), who maintained certain doctrines in philosophy and theology, in opposition to the Thomists, or followers of Thomas Aquinas, the Dominican scholastic.
Scratch (a.) Made, done, or happening by chance; arranged with little or no preparation; determined by circumstances; haphazard; as, a scratch team; a scratch crew for a boat race; a scratch shot in billiards.
Scuffle (v. i.) Hence, to strive or contend tumultuously; to struggle confusedly or at haphazard.
Scuffle (n.) A rough, haphazard struggle, or trial of strength; a disorderly wrestling at close quarters.
Scyphae (pl. ) of Scypha
Scyphus (n.) A kind of large drinking cup, -- used by Greeks and Romans, esp. by poor folk.
Scyphus (n.) The cup of a narcissus, or a similar appendage to the corolla in other flowers.
Scyphus (n.) A cup-shaped stem or podetium in lichens. Also called scypha. See Illust. of Cladonia pyxidata, under Lichen.
Sea pig () A porpoise or dolphin.
Sectary (n.) A sectarian; a member or adherent of a sect; a follower or disciple of some particular teacher in philosophy or religion; one who separates from an established church; a dissenter.
Section (n.) A distinct part or portion of a book or writing; a subdivision of a chapter; the division of a law or other writing; a paragraph; an article; hence, the character /, often used to denote such a division.
Section (n.) A distinct part of a country or people, community, class, or the like; a part of a territory separated by geographical lines, or of a people considered as distinct.
Section (n.) A part of a musical period, composed of one or more phrases. See Phrase.
Seeress (n.) A female seer; a prophetess.
Sensist (n.) One who, in philosophy, holds to sensism.
Sensual (a.) Pertaining or peculiar to the philosophical doctrine of sensualism.
Sequela (n.) A morbid phenomenon left as the result of a disease; a disease resulting from another.
Seraphs (pl. ) of Seraph
Seriema (n.) A large South American bird (Dicholophus, / Cariama cristata) related to the cranes. It is often domesticated. Called also cariama.
Serpent (n.) Any reptile of the order Ophidia; a snake, especially a large snake. See Illust. under Ophidia.
Sessile (a.) Permanently attached; -- said of the gonophores of certain hydroids which never became detached.
Shatter (n.) A fragment of anything shattered; -- used chiefly or soley in the phrase into shatters; as, to break a glass into shatters.
Silicon (n.) A nonmetalic element analogous to carbon. It always occurs combined in nature, and is artificially obtained in the free state, usually as a dark brown amorphous powder, or as a dark crystal. Siphoid (n.) A siphon bottle. See under Siphon, n.
Sitting (n.) The act or time of sitting, as to a portrait painter, photographer, etc.
Skeptic (n.) A doubter as to whether any fact or truth can be certainly known; a universal doubter; a Pyrrhonist; hence, in modern usage, occasionally, a person who questions whether any truth or fact can be established on philosophical grounds; sometimes, a critical inquirer, in opposition to a dogmatist.
Soldier (n.) A brave warrior; a man of military experience and skill, or a man of distinguished valor; -- used by way of emphasis or distinction.
Soldier (n.) One of the asexual polymorphic forms of white ants, or termites, in which the head and jaws are very large and strong. The soldiers serve to defend the nest. See Termite.
Sophime (n.) Sophism.
Sophism (n.) The doctrine or mode of reasoning practiced by a sophist; hence, any fallacy designed to deceive.
Sophist (n.) One of a class of men who taught eloquence, philosophy, and politics in ancient Greece; especially, one of those who, by their fallacious but plausible reasoning, puzzled inquirers after truth, weakened the faith of the people, and drew upon themselves general hatred and contempt.
Sophist (n.) Hence, an impostor in argument; a captious or fallacious reasoner.
Sophora (n.) A genus of leguminous plants.
Sophora (n.) A tree (Sophora Japonica) of Eastern Asia, resembling the common locust; occasionally planted in the United States.
Sounder (n.) One who, or that which; sounds; specifically, an instrument used in telegraphy in place of a register, the communications being read by sound.
Spaeman (n.) A prophet; a diviner.
Spectre (n.) Something preternaturally visible; an apparition; a ghost; a phantom.
Sphacel (n.) Gangrene.
Spheral (a.) Of or pertaining to a sphere or the spheres.
Spheral (a.) Rounded like a sphere; sphere-shaped; hence, symmetrical; complete; perfect.
Sphered (imp. & p. p.) of Sphere
Spheric (a.) Having the form of a sphere; like a sphere; globular; orbicular; as, a spherical body.
Spheric (a.) Of or pertaining to a sphere.
Spheric (a.) Of or pertaining to the heavenly orbs, or to the sphere or spheres in which, according to ancient astronomy and astrology, they were set.
Spirula (n.) A genus of cephalopods having a multilocular, internal, siphunculated shell in the form of a flat spiral, the coils of which are not in contact.
Spongin (n.) The chemical basis of sponge tissue, a nitrogenous, hornlike substance which on decomposition with sulphuric acid yields leucin and glycocoll.
Station (n.) Post assigned; office; the part or department of public duty which a person is appointed to perform; sphere of duty or occupation; employment.
Strophe (n.) In Greek choruses and dances, the movement of the chorus while turning from the right to the left of the orchestra; hence, the strain, or part of the choral ode, sung during this movement. Also sometimes used of a stanza of modern verse. See the Note under Antistrophe.
Student (n.) One who studies or examines in any manner; an attentive and systematic observer; as, a student of human nature, or of physical nature.
Subject (a.) That which is subjected, or submitted to, any physical operation or process; specifically (Anat.), a dead body used for the purpose of dissection.
Subject (n.) The principal theme, or leading thought or phrase, on which a composition or a movement is based.
Sulphur (n.) A nonmetallic element occurring naturally in large quantities, either combined as in the sulphides (as pyrites) and sulphates (as gypsum), or native in volcanic regions, in vast beds mixed with gypsum and various earthy materials, from which it is melted out. Symbol S. Atomic weight 32. The specific gravity of ordinary octohedral sulphur is 2.05; of prismatic sulphur, 1.96.
Sulphur (n.) Any one of numerous species of yellow or orange butterflies of the subfamily Pierinae; as, the clouded sulphur (Eurymus, / Colias, philodice), which is the common yellow butterfly of the Eastern United States.
Support (v. t.) To bear by being under; to keep from falling; to uphold; to sustain, in a literal or physical sense; to prop up; to bear the weight of; as, a pillar supports a structure; an abutment supports an arch; the trunk of a tree supports the branches.
Support (v. t.) To uphold by aid or countenance; to aid; to help; to back up; as, to support a friend or a party; to support the present administration.
Support (n.) The act, state, or operation of supporting, upholding, or sustaining.
Support (n.) That which upholds, sustains, or keeps from falling, as a prop, a pillar, or a foundation of any kind.
Surface (n.) A magnitude that has length and breadth without thickness; superficies; as, a plane surface; a spherical surface.
Surloin (n.) A loin of beef, or the upper part of the loin. See Sirloin, the more usual, but not etymologically preferable, orthography.
Surphul (v. t.) To surfel.
Sustain (v. t.) To keep from falling; to bear; to uphold; to support; as, a foundation sustains the superstructure; a beast sustains a load; a rope sustains a weight.
Sustain (n.) One who, or that which, upholds or sustains; a sustainer.
Swallow (v. t.) To take into the stomach; to receive through the gullet, or esophagus, into the stomach; as, to swallow food or drink.
Swallow (n.) The gullet, or esophagus; the throat.
Syenite (n.) A granular, crystalline, ingeous rock composed of orthoclase and hornblende, the latter often replaced or accompanied by pyroxene or mica. Syenite sometimes contains nephelite (elaeolite) or leucite, and is then called nephelite (elaeolite) syenite or leucite syenite.
Sylphid (n.) A little sylph; a young or diminutive sylph.
Symptom (n.) Any affection which accompanies disease; a perceptible change in the body or its functions, which indicates disease, or the kind or phases of disease; as, the causes of disease often lie beyond our sight, but we learn their nature by the symptoms exhibited.
Tadpole (n.) The young aquatic larva of any amphibian. In this stage it breathes by means of external or internal gills, is at first destitute of legs, and has a finlike tail. Called also polliwig, polliwog, porwiggle, or purwiggy.
Talipot (n.) A beautiful tropical palm tree (Corypha umbraculifera), a native of Ceylon and the Malabar coast. It has a trunk sixty or seventy feet high, bearing a crown of gigantic fan-shaped leaves which are used as umbrellas and as fans in ceremonial processions, and, when cut into strips, as a substitute for writing paper.
Tapiser (n.) A maker of tapestry; an upholsterer.
Taurine (n.) A body occurring in small quantity in the juices of muscle, in the lungs, and elsewhere, but especially in the bile, where it is found as a component part of taurocholic acid, from which it can be prepared by decomposition of the acid. It crystallizes in colorless, regular six-sided prisms, and is especially characterized by containing both nitrogen and sulphur, being chemically amido-isethionic acid, C2H7NSO3.
Telpher (n.) A contrivance for the conveyance of vehicles or loads by means of electricity.
Teraphs (pl. ) of Teraph
Testudo (n.) A genus of tortoises which formerly included a large number of diverse forms, but is now restricted to certain terrestrial species, such as the European land tortoise (Testudo Graeca) and the gopher of the Southern United States.
Theatre (n.) A sphere or scheme of operation.
Thecata (n. pl.) Same as Thecophora.
Thetine (n.) Any one of a series of complex basic sulphur compounds analogous to the sulphines.
Thialol (n.) A colorless oily liquid, (C2H5)2S2, having a strong garlic odor; -- called also ethyl disulphide. By extension, any one of the series of related compounds.
Thienyl (n.) The hypothetical radical C4H3S, regarded as the essential residue of thiophene and certain of its derivatives.
Thionic (a.) Of or pertaining to sulphur; containing or resembling sulphur; specifically, designating certain of the thio compounds; as, the thionic acids. Cf. Dithionic, Trithionic, Tetrathionic, etc.
Thionol (n.) A red or violet dyestuff having a greenish metallic luster. It is produced artificially, by the chemical dehydration of thionine, as a brown amorphous powder.
Thionyl (n.) The hypothetical radical SO, regarded as an essential constituent of certain sulphurous compounds; as, thionyl chloride.
Thunder (n.) The sound which follows a flash of lightning; the report of a discharge of atmospheric electricity.
Thunder (n.) To produce thunder; to sound, rattle, or roar, as a discharge of atmospheric electricity; -- often used impersonally; as, it thundered continuously.
Thyself (pron.) An emphasized form of the personal pronoun of the second person; -- used as a subject commonly with thou; as, thou thyself shalt go; that is, thou shalt go, and no other. It is sometimes used, especially in the predicate, without thou, and in the nominative as well as in the objective case.
Tisical (a.) Consumptive, phthisical.
Tisicky (a.) Consumptive, phthisical.
Toluene (n.) A hydrocarbon, C6H5.CH3, of the aromatic series, homologous with benzene, and obtained as a light mobile colorless liquid, by distilling tolu balsam, coal tar, etc.; -- called also methyl benzene, phenyl methane, etc.
Torqued (a.) Twisted; bent; -- said of a dolphin haurient, which forms a figure like the letter S.
Tragedy (n.) A dramatic poem, composed in elevated style, representing a signal action performed by some person or persons, and having a fatal issue; that species of drama which represents the sad or terrible phases of character and life.
Trainer (n.) One who trains; an instructor; especially, one who trains or prepares men, horses, etc., for exercises requiring physical agility and strength.
Trehala (n.) An amorphous variety of manna obtained from the nests and cocoons of a Syrian coleopterous insect (Larinus maculatus, L. nidificans, etc.) which feeds on the foliage of a variety of thistle. It is used as an article of food, and is called also nest sugar.
Triatic (a.) A term used in the phrase triatic stay. See under Stay.
Trigram (n.) Same as Trigraph.
Triumph (n.) A magnificent and imposing ceremonial performed in honor of a general who had gained a decisive victory over a foreign enemy.
Triumph (n.) Hence, any triumphal procession; a pompous exhibition; a stately show or pageant.
Triumph (n.) A state of joy or exultation for success.
Triumph (n.) Success causing exultation; victory; conquest; as, the triumph of knowledge.
Triumph (n.) A trump card; also, an old game at cards.
Triumph (n.) To celebrate victory with pomp; to rejoice over success; to exult in an advantage gained; to exhibit exultation.
Triumph (n.) To obtain victory; to be successful; to prevail.
Triumph (n.) To be prosperous; to flourish.
Triumph (n.) To play a trump card.
Triumph (v. t.) To obtain a victory over; to prevail over; to conquer. Also, to cause to triumph.
Troilus (n.) A large, handsome American butterfly (Euph/ades, / Papilio, troilus). It is black, with yellow marginal spots on the front wings, and blue spots on the rear wings.
Trophic (a.) Of or connected with nutrition; nitritional; nourishing; as, the so-called trophic nerves, which have a direct influence on nutrition.
Trouble (v. t.) To give occasion for labor to; -- used in polite phraseology; as, I will not trouble you to deliver the letter.
Tubfish (n.) The sapphirine gurnard (Trigla hirundo). See Illust. under Gurnard.
Tuffoon (n.) See Typhoon.
Turpeth (n.) A heavy yellow powder, Hg3O2SO4, which consists of a basic mercuric sulphate; -- called also turpeth mineral.
Typhoid (a.) Of or pertaining to typhus; resembling typhus; of a low grade like typhus; as, typhoid symptoms.
Typhoon (n.) A violent whirlwind; specifically, a violent whirlwind occurring in the Chinese seas.
Typhous (a.) Of or pertaining to typhus; of the nature of typhus.
Tyrosin (n.) A white crystal. Unifier (n.) One who, or that which, unifies; as, a natural law is a unifier of phenomena.
Upheave (v. t.) To heave or lift up from beneath; to raise.
Uphoard (v. t.) To hoard up.
Uralite (n.) Amphibole resulting from the alternation of pyroxene by paramorphism. It is not uncommon in massive eruptive rocks.
Uranite (n.) A general term for the uranium phosphates, autunite, or lime uranite, and torbernite, or copper uranite.
Urodela (n. pl.) An order of amphibians having the tail well developed and often long. It comprises the salamanders, tritons, and allied animals.
Valerin (n.) A salt of valeric acid with glycerin, occurring in butter, dolphin oil., and forming an forming an oily liquid with a slightly unpleasant odor.
Vampire (n.) Either one of two or more species of South American blood-sucking bats belonging to the genera Desmodus and Diphylla. These bats are destitute of molar teeth, but have strong, sharp cutting incisors with which they make punctured wounds from which they suck the blood of horses, cattle, and other animals, as well as man, chiefly during sleep. They have a caecal appendage to the stomach, in which the blood with which they gorge themselves is stored.
Vatical (a.) Of or pertaining to a prophet; prophetical.
Vedanta (n.) A system of philosophy among the Hindus, founded on scattered texts of the Vedas, and thence termed the "Anta," or end or substance.
Vegetal (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, that class of vital phenomena, such as digestion, absorption, assimilation, secretion, excretion, circulation, generation, etc., which are common to plants and animals, in distinction from sensation and volition, which are peculiar to animals.
Velella (n.) Any species of oceanic Siphonophora belonging to the genus Velella.
Verdant (a.) Unripe in knowledge or judgment; unsophisticated; raw; green; as, a verdant youth.
Vesicle (n.) A small cavity, nearly spherical in form, and usually of the size of a pea or smaller, such as are common in some volcanic rocks. They are produced by the liberation of watery vapor in the molten mass.
Victory (n.) The defeat of an enemy in battle, or of an antagonist in any contest; a gaining of the superiority in any struggle or competition; conquest; triumph; -- the opposite of defeat.
Vinegar (a.) Hence, anything sour; -- used also metaphorically.
Violent (a.) Moving or acting with physical strength; urged or impelled with force; excited by strong feeling or passion; forcible; vehement; impetuous; fierce; furious; severe; as, a violent blow; the violent attack of a disease.
Violine (n.) A pale yellow amorphous substance of alkaloidal nature and emetic properties, said to have been extracted from the root and foliage of the violet (Viola).
Vitriol (n.) A sulphate of any one of certain metals, as copper, iron, zinc, cobalt. So called on account of the glassy appearance or luster.
Vitriol (n.) Sulphuric acid; -- called also oil of vitriol. So called because first made by the distillation of green vitriol. See Sulphuric acid, under Sulphuric.
Volcano (n.) A mountain or hill, usually more or less conical in form, from which lava, cinders, steam, sulphur gases, and the like, are ejected; -- often popularly called a burning mountain.
Waybung (n.) An Australian insessorial bird (Corcorax melanorhamphus) noted for the curious actions of the male during the breeding season. It is black with a white patch on each wing.
Weather (n.) The state of the air or atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness, or any other meteorological phenomena; meteorological condition of the atmosphere; as, warm weather; cold weather; wet weather; dry weather, etc.
Weather (v. i.) To undergo or endure the action of the atmosphere; to suffer meteorological influences; sometimes, to wear away, or alter, under atmospheric influences; to suffer waste by weather.
Whither (adv.) To what point, degree, end, conclusion, or design; whereunto; whereto; -- used in a sense not physical.
Whitlow (a.) An inflammation of the fingers or toes, generally of the last phalanx, terminating usually in suppuration. The inflammation may occupy any seat between the skin and the bone, but is usually applied to a felon or inflammation of the periosteal structures of the bone.
Wording (n.) The act or manner of expressing in words; style of expression; phrasing.
Writing (n.) Any written composition; a pamphlet; a work; a literary production; a book; as, the writings of Addison.
Writing (n.) Handwriting; chirography.
Xanthin (n.) One of the gaseous or volatile decomposition products of the xanthates, and probably identical with carbon disulphide.
Xenylic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, designating, certain amido compounds obtained by reducing certain nitro derivatives of diphenyl.
Xiphias (n.) A genus of fishes comprising the common swordfish.
Xiphias (n.) The constellation Dorado.
Xiphias (n.) A comet shaped like a sword
Xiphius (n.) A genus of cetaceans having a long, pointed, bony beak, usually two tusklike teeth in the lower jaw, but no teeth in the upper jaw.
Xiphoid (a.) Like a sword; ensiform.
Xiphoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the xiphoid process; xiphoidian.
Xiphura (n. pl.) Same as Limuloidea. Called also Xiphosura.
Xylenol (n.) Any one of six metameric phenol derivatives of xylene, obtained as crystal. Yellows (n.) A group of butterflies in which the predominating color is yellow. It includes the common small yellow butterflies. Called also redhorns, and sulphurs. See Sulphur.
Zaphara (n.) Zaffer.
Zarnich (n.) Native sulphide of arsenic, including sandarach, or realgar, and orpiment.
Zoonomy (n.) The laws of animal life, or the science which treats of the phenomena of animal life, their causes and relations.
Zygenid (n.) Any one of numerous species of moths of the family Zygaenidae, most of which are bright colored. The wood nymph and the vine forester are examples. Also used adjectively.
Copyright © 2011 by Mark McCracken, All Rights Reserved.