9 letter words whose second letter is R

Arabesque (n.) A style of ornamentation either painted, inlaid, or carved in low relief. It consists of a pattern in which plants, fruits, foliage, etc., as well as figures of men and animals, real or imaginary, are fantastically interlaced or put together.

Arabesque (a.) Arabian.

Arabesque (a.) Relating to, or exhibiting, the style of ornament called arabesque; as, arabesque frescoes.

Arabinose (n.) A sugar of the composition C5H10O5, obtained from cherry gum by boiling it with dilute sulphuric acid.

Aracanese (a.) Of or pertaining to Aracan, a province of British Burmah.

Aracanese (n. sing. & pl.) A native or natives of Aracan.

Arachnida (n. pl.) One of the classes of Arthropoda. See Illustration in Appendix.

Arachnoid (a.) Resembling a spider's web; cobweblike.

Arachnoid (a.) Pertaining to a thin membrane of the brain and spinal cord, between the dura mater and pia mater.

Arachnoid (a.) Covered with, or composed of, soft, loose hairs or fibers, so as to resemble a cobweb; cobwebby.

Arachnoid (n.) The arachnoid membrane.

Arachnoid (n.) One of the Arachnoidea.

Aragonese (a.) Of or pertaining to Aragon, in Spain, or to its inhabitants.

Aragonese (n. sing. & pl.) A native or natives of Aragon, in Spain.

Aragonite (n.) A mineral identical in composition with calcite or carbonate of lime, but differing from it in its crystal

Araneidan (a.) Of or pertaining to the Araneina or spiders.

Araneidan (n.) One of the Araneina; a spider.

Araucaria (n.) A genus of tall conifers of the pine family. The species are confined mostly to South America and Australia. The wood cells differ from those of other in having the dots in their lateral surfaces in two or three rows, and the dots of contiguous rows alternating. The seeds are edible.

Arbitrage (n.) Judgment by an arbiter; authoritative determination.

Arbitrage (n.) A traffic in bills of exchange (see Arbitration of Exchange); also, a traffic in stocks which bear differing values at the same time in different markets.

Arbitrary (a.) Depending on will or discretion; not governed by any fixed rules; as, an arbitrary decision; an arbitrary punishment.

Arbitrary (a.) Exercised according to one's own will or caprice, and therefore conveying a notion of a tendency to abuse the possession of power.

Arbitrary (a.) Despotic; absolute in power; bound by no law; harsh and unforbearing; tyrannical; as, an arbitrary prince or government.

Arbitrate (v. t.) To hear and decide, as arbitrators; as, to choose to arbitrate a disputed case.

Arbitrate (v. t.) To decide, or determine generally.

Arbitrate (v. i.) To decide; to determine.

Arbitrate (v. i.) To act as arbitrator or judge; as, to arbitrate upon several reports; to arbitrate in disputes among neighbors; to arbitrate between parties to a suit.

Arbitress (n.) A female arbiter; an arbitratrix.

Arborator (n.) One who plants or who prunes trees.

Arboreous (a.) Having the form, constitution, or habits, of a proper tree, in distinction from a shrub.

Arboreous (a.) Pertaining to, or growing on, trees; as, arboreous moss.

Arboretum (n.) A place in which a collection of rare trees and shrubs is cultivated for scientific or educational purposes.

Arborical (a.) Relating to trees.

Arborized (a.) Having a treelike appearance.

Arbustive (a.) Containing copses of trees or shrubs; covered with shrubs.

Archaical (a.) Archaic.

Archaized (imp. & p. p.) of Archaize

Archangel (n.) A chief angel; one high in the celestial hierarchy.

Archangel (n.) A term applied to several different species of plants (Angelica archangelica, Lamium album, etc.).

Archducal (a.) Of or pertaining to an archduke or archduchy.

Archduchy (n.) The territory of an archduke or archduchess.

Archegony (n.) Spontaneous generation; abiogenesis.

Archelogy (n.) The science of, or a treatise on, first principles.

Archenemy (n.) A principal enemy. Specifically, Satan, the grand adversary of mankind.

Archeress (n.) A female archer.

Archetype (n.) The original pattern or model of a work; or the model from which a thing is made or formed.

Archetype (n.) The standard weight or coin by which others are adjusted.

Archetype (n.) The plan or fundamental structure on which a natural group of animals or plants or their systems of organs are assumed to have been constructed; as, the vertebrate archetype.

Archiater (n.) Chief physician; -- a term applied, on the continent of Europe, to the first or body physician of princes and to the first physician of some cities.

Archierey (n.) The higher order of clergy in Russia, including metropolitans, archbishops, and bishops.

Archimage (n.) Alt. of Archimagus

Architect (n.) A person skilled in the art of building; one who understands architecture, or makes it his occupation to form plans and designs of buildings, and to superintend the artificers employed.

Architect (n.) A contriver, designer, or maker.

Archivist (n.) A keeper of archives or records.

Archivolt (n.) The architectural member surrounding the curved opening of an arch, corresponding to the architrave in the case of a square opening.

Archivolt (n.) More commonly, the molding or other ornaments with which the wall face of the voussoirs of an arch is charged.

Archilute (n.) A large theorbo, or double-necked lute, formerly in use, having the bass strings doubled with an octave, and the higher strings with a unison.

Arcograph (n.) An instrument for drawing a circular arc without the use of a central point; a cyclograph.

Arctation (n.) Constriction or contraction of some natural passage, as in constipation from inflammation.

Arctogeal (a.) Of or pertaining to arctic lands; as, the arctogeal fauna.

Arctoidea (n. pl.) A group of the Carnivora, that includes the bears, weasels, etc.

Arcuately (adv.) In the form of a bow.

Arcuation (n.) The act of bending or curving; incurvation; the state of being bent; crookedness.

Arcuation (n.) A mode of propagating trees by bending branches to the ground, and covering the small shoots with earth; layering.

Ardassine (n.) A very fine sort of Persian silk.

Arduously (adv.) In an arduous manner; with difficulty or laboriousness.

Arenation (n.) A sand bath; application of hot sand to the body.

Arendator (n.) In some provinces of Russia, one who farms the rents or revenues.

Arenulous (a.) Full of fine sand; like sand.

Areolated (a.) Divided into small spaces or areolations, as the wings of insects, the leaves of plants, or the receptacle of compound flowers.

Areometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the specific gravity of fluids; a form hydrometer.

Areometry (n.) The art or process of measuring the specific gravity of fluids.

Areopagus (n.) The highest judicial court at Athens. Its sessions were held on Mars' Hill. Hence, any high court or tribunal

Areostyle (a. & n.) See Intercolumniation, and Araeostyle.

Aretology (n.) That part of moral philosophy which treats of virtue, its nature, and the means of attaining to it.

Argentate (a.) Silvery white.

Argentine (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, silver; made of, or sounding like, silver; silvery.

Argentine (a.) Of or pertaining to the Argentine Republic in South America.

Argentine (n.) A siliceous variety of calcite, or carbonate of lime, having a silvery-white, pearly luster, and a waving or curved lamellar structure.

Argentine (n.) White metal coated with silver.

Argentine (n.) A fish of Europe (Maurolicus Pennantii) with silvery scales. The name is also applied to various fishes of the genus Argentina.

Argentine (n.) A citizen of the Argentine Republic.

Argentite (n.) Sulphide of silver; -- also called vitreous silver, or silver glance. It has a metallic luster, a lead-gray color, and is sectile like lead.

Argentous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, silver; -- said of certain silver compounds in which silver has a higher proportion than in argentic compounds; as, argentous chloride.

Argillite (n.) Argillaceous schist or slate; clay slate. Its colors is bluish or blackish gray, sometimes greenish gray, brownish red, etc.

Argillous (a.) Argillaceous; clayey.

Argonauta (n.) A genus of Cephalopoda. The shell is called paper nautilus or paper sailor.

Arhythmic (a.) Alt. of Arhythmous

Aridities (pl. ) of Aridity

Aristarch (n.) A severe critic.

Ark shell () A marine bivalve shell belonging to the genus Arca and its allies.

Armadillo (n.) Any edentate animal if the family Dasypidae, peculiar to America. The body and head are incased in an armor composed of small bony plates. The armadillos burrow in the earth, seldom going abroad except at night. When attacked, they curl up into a ball, presenting the armor on all sides. Their flesh is good food. There are several species, one of which (the peba) is found as far north as Texas. See Peba, Poyou, Tatouay.

Armadillo (n.) A genus of small isopod Crustacea that can roll themselves into a ball.

Armillary (n.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a bracelet or ring; consisting of rings or circles.

Armistice (n.) A cessation of arms for a short time, by convention; a temporary suspension of hostilities by agreement; a truce.

Armorican (a.) Of or pertaining to the northwestern part of France (formerly called Armorica, now Bretagne or Brittany), or to its people.

Armorican (n.) The language of the Armoricans, a Celtic dialect which has remained to the present times.

Armorican (n.) A native of Armorica.

Army worm () A lepidopterous insect, which in the larval state often travels in great multitudes from field to field, destroying grass, grain, and other crops. The common army worm of the northern United States is Leucania unipuncta. The name is often applied to other related species, as the cotton worm.

Army worm () The larva of a small two-winged fly (Sciara), which marches in large companies, in regular order. See Cotton worm, under Cotton.

Aroideous (a.) Belonging to, or resembling, the Arum family of plants.

Aromatize (v. t.) To impregnate with aroma; to render aromatic; to give a spicy scent or taste to; to perfume.

Aromatous (a.) Aromatic.

Arquebuse (n.) A sort of hand gun or firearm a contrivance answering to a trigger, by which the burning match was applied. The musket was a later invention.

Arquifoux (n.) Same as Alquifou.

Arraigned (imp. & p. p.) of Arraign

Arraigner (n.) One who arraigns.

Arraiment (v. t.) Alt. of Arrayment

Arrayment (v. t.) Clothes; raiment.

Arranging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Arrange

Arraswise (adv.) Alt. of Arrasways

Arrasways (adv.) Placed in such a position as to exhibit the top and two sides, the corner being in front; -- said of a rectangular form.

Arrearage (n.) That which remains unpaid and overdue, after payment of a part; arrears.

Arrectary (n.) An upright beam.

Arreption (n.) The act of taking away.

Arresting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Arrest

Arresting (a.) Striking; attracting attention; impressive.

Arrestive (a.) Tending to arrest.

Arrhizous (a.) Destitute of a true root, as a parasitical plant.

Arriswise (adv.) Diagonally laid, as tiles; ridgewise.

Arrivance (n.) Arrival.

Arrogance (n.) The act or habit of arrogating, or making undue claims in an overbearing manner; that species of pride which consists in exorbitant claims of rank, dignity, estimation, or power, or which exalts the worth or importance of the person to an undue degree; proud contempt of others; lord

Arrogancy (n.) Arrogance.

Arrogated (imp. & p. p.) of Arrogate

Arrowhead (n.) The head of an arrow.

Arrowhead (n.) An aquatic plant of the genus Sagittaria, esp. S. sagittifolia, -- named from the shape of the leaves.

Arrowroot (n.) A west Indian plant of the genus Maranta, esp. M. arundinacea, now cultivated in many hot countries. It said that the Indians used the roots to neutralize the venom in wounds made by poisoned arrows.

Arrowroot (n.) A nutritive starch obtained from the rootstocks of Maranta arundinacea, and used as food, esp. for children an invalids; also, a similar starch obtained from other plants, as various species of Maranta and Curcuma.

Arrowwood (n.) A shrub (Viburnum dentatum) growing in damp woods and thickets; -- so called from the long, straight, slender shoots.

Arrowworm (n.) A peculiar transparent worm of the genus Sagitta, living at the surface of the sea. See Sagitta.

Arseniate (n.) See Arsenate.

Arsenical (a.) Of or pertaining to, or containing, arsenic; as, arsenical vapor; arsenical wall papers.

Arsenious (a.) Pertaining to, consisting of, or containing, arsenic; as, arsenious powder or glass.

Arsenious (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, arsenic, when having an equivalence next lower than the highest; as, arsenious acid.

Arsesmart (n.) Smartweed; water pepper.

Artemisia (n.) A genus of plants including the plants called mugwort, southernwood, and wormwood. Of these A. absinthium, or common wormwood, is well known, and A. tridentata is the sage brush of the Rocky Mountain region.

Arteriole (n.) A small artery.

Arteritis (n.) Inflammation of an artery or arteries.

Arthritic (a.) Alt. of Arthritical

Arthritis (n.) Any inflammation of the joints, particularly the gout.

Arthrodia (n.) A form of diarthrodial articulation in which the articular surfaces are nearly flat, so that they form only an imperfect ball and socket.

Arthrodic (a.) Of or pertaining to arthrodia.

Arthropod (n.) One of the Arthropoda.

Arthrosis (n.) Articulation.

Artichoke (n.) The Cynara scolymus, a plant somewhat resembling a thistle, with a dilated, imbricated, and prickly involucre. The head (to which the name is also applied) is composed of numerous oval scales, inclosing the florets, sitting on a broad receptacle, which, with the fleshy base of the scales, is much esteemed as an article of food.

Artichoke (n.) See Jerusalem artichoke.

Articling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Article

Articular (n.) Of or pertaining to the joints; as, an articular disease; an articular process.

Articular (n.) Alt. of Articulary

Articulus (n.) A joint of the cirri of the Crinoidea; a joint or segment of an arthropod appendage.

Artificer (n.) An artistic worker; a mechanic or manufacturer; one whose occupation requires skill or knowledge of a particular kind, as a silversmith.

Artificer (n.) One who makes or contrives; a deviser, inventor, or framer.

Artificer (n.) A cunning or artful fellow.

Artificer (n.) A military mechanic, as a blacksmith, carpenter, etc.; also, one who prepares the shells, fuses, grenades, etc., in a military laboratory.

Artillery (n.) Munitions of war; implements for warfare, as slings, bows, and arrows.

Artillery (n.) Cannon; great guns; ordnance, including guns, mortars, howitzers, etc., with their equipment of carriages, balls, bombs, and shot of all kinds.

Artillery (n.) The men and officers of that branch of the army to which the care and management of artillery are confided.

Artillery (n.) The science of artillery or gunnery.

Artlessly (adv.) In an artless manner; without art, skill, or guile; unaffectedly.

Art union () An association for promoting art (esp. the arts of design), and giving encouragement to artists.

Aruspices (pl. ) of Aruspex

Arytenoid (a.) Ladle-shaped; -- applied to two small cartilages of the larynx, and also to the glands, muscles, etc., connected with them. The cartilages are attached to the cricoid cartilage and connected with the vocal cords.

Brachiata (n. pl.) A division of the Crinoidea, including those furnished with long jointed arms. See Crinoidea.

Brachiate (a.) Having branches in pairs, decussated, all nearly horizontal, and each pair at right angles with the next, as in the maple and lilac.

Brachyura (n. pl.) A group of decapod Crustacea, including the common crabs, characterized by a small and short abdomen, which is bent up beneath the large cephalo-thorax. [Also spelt Brachyoura.] See Crab, and Illustration in Appendix.

Bracketed (imp. & p. p.) of Bracket

Bracteate (a.) Having a bract or bracts.

Bracteole (n.) Same as Bractlet.

Bractless (a.) Destitute of bracts.

Brahmanic (a.) Alt. of ical

Brahminic (a.) Alt. of ical

Brahmoism (n.) The religious system of Brahmo-somaj.

Brainless (a.) Without understanding; silly; thoughtless; witless.

Brainsick (a.) Disordered in the understanding; giddy; thoughtless.

Brambling (n.) The European mountain finch (Fringilla montifringilla); -- called also bramble finch and bramble.

Branching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Branch

Branchery (n.) A system of branches.

Branchiae (pl. ) of Branchia

Branchial (a.) Of or pertaining to branchiae or gills.

Branching (a.) Furnished with branches; shooting our branches; extending in a branch or branches.

Branching (n.) The act or state of separation into branches; division into branches; a division or branch.

Branchlet (n.) A little branch; a twig.

Brandling (n.) Alt. of Brandlin

Brand-new (a.) Quite new; bright as if fresh from the forge.

Brangling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brangle

Brangling (n.) A quarrel.

Brant-fox (n.) A kind of fox found in Sweden (Vulpes alopex), smaller than the common fox (V. vulgaris), but probably a variety of it.

Bravadoes (pl. ) of Bravado

Braveness (n.) The quality of state or being brave.

Bravingly (adv.) In a defiant manner.

Brazening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brazen

Brazilian (a.) Of or pertaining to Brazil.

Brazilian (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Brazil.

Breaching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Breach

Breadcorn () Corn of grain of which bread is made, as wheat, rye, etc.

Breadless (a.) Without bread; destitute of food.

Breadroot (n.) The root of a leguminous plant (Psoralea esculenta), found near the Rocky Mountains. It is usually oval in form, and abounds in farinaceous matter, affording sweet and palatable food.

Breakable (a.) Capable of being broken.

Breakdown (n.) The act or result of breaking down, as of a carriage; downfall.

Breakdown (n.) A noisy, rapid, shuffling dance engaged in competitively by a number of persons or pairs in succession, as among the colored people of the Southern United States, and so called, perhaps, because the exercise is continued until most of those who take part in it break down.

Breakdown (n.) Any rude, noisy dance performed by shuffling the feet, usually by one person at a time.

Breakfast (n.) The first meal in the day, or that which is eaten at the first meal.

Breakfast (n.) A meal after fasting, or food in general.

Breakfast (v. i.) To break one's fast in the morning; too eat the first meal in the day.

Breakfast (v. t.) To furnish with breakfast.

Breakneck (n.) A fall that breaks the neck.

Breakneck (n.) A steep place endangering the neck.

Breakneck (a.) Producing danger of a broken neck; as, breakneck speed.

Breasting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Breast

Breasting (n.) The curved channel in which a breast wheel turns. It is closely adapted to the curve of the wheel through about a quarter of its circumference, and prevents the escape of the water until it has spent its force upon the wheel. See Breast wheel.

Breastpin (n.) A pin worn on the breast for a fastening, or for ornament; a brooch.

Breathing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Breathe

Breathful (a.) Full of breath; full of odor; fragrant.

Breathing (n.) Respiration; the act of inhaling and exhaling air.

Breathing (n.) Air in gentle motion.

Breathing (n.) Any gentle influence or operation; inspiration; as, the breathings of the Spirit.

Breathing (n.) Aspiration; secret prayer.

Breathing (n.) Exercising; promotion of respiration.

Breathing (n.) Utterance; communication or publicity by words.

Breathing (n.) Breathing place; vent.

Breathing (n.) Stop; pause; delay.

Breathing (n.) Also, in a wider sense, the sound caused by the friction of the outgoing breath in the throat, mouth, etc., when the glottis is wide open; aspiration; the sound expressed by the letter h.

Breathing (n.) A mark to indicate aspiration or its absence. See Rough breathing, Smooth breathing, below.

Breeching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Breech

Breeching (n.) A whipping on the breech, or the act of whipping on the breech.

Breeching (n.) That part of a harness which passes round the breech of a horse, enabling him to hold back a vehicle.

Breeching (n.) A strong rope rove through the cascabel of a cannon and secured to ringbolts in the ship's side, to limit the recoil of the gun when it is discharged.

Breeching (n.) The sheet iron casing at the end of boilers to convey the smoke from the flues to the smokestack.

Breedbate (n.) One who breeds or originates quarrels.

Bregmatic (a.) Pertaining to the bregma.

Brettices (pl. ) of Brettice

Bretwalda (n.) The official title applied to that one of the Anglo-Saxon chieftains who was chosen by the other chiefs to lead them in their warfare against the British tribes.

Brevetted (imp. & p. p.) of Brevet

Brevities (pl. ) of Brevity

Brewhouse (n.) A house or building appropriated to brewing; a brewery.

Bribeless (a.) Incapable of being bribed; free from bribes.

Briberies (pl. ) of Bribery

Brickkiln (n.) A kiln, or furnace, in which bricks are baked or burnt; or a pile of green bricks, laid loose, with arches underneath to receive the wood or fuel for burning them.

Brickwork (n.) Anything made of bricks.

Brickwork (n.) The act of building with or laying bricks.

Brickyard (n.) A place where bricks are made, especially an inclosed place.

Bride-ale (n.) A rustic wedding feast; a bridal. See Ale.

Bridecake (n.) Rich or highly ornamented cake, to be distributed to the guests at a wedding, or sent to friends after the wedding.

Brideknot (n.) A knot of ribbons worn by a guest at a wedding; a wedding favor.

Bridemaid (n.) Alt. of Brideman

Bridesmen (pl. ) of Bridesman

Bridesman (n.) A male friend who attends upon a bridegroom and bride at their marriage; the "best man."

Bridewell (n.) A house of correction for the confinement of disorderly persons; -- so called from a hospital built in 1553 near St. Bride's (or Bridget's) well, in London, which was subsequently a penal workhouse.

Bridgepot (n.) The adjustable socket, or step, of a millstone spindle.

Bridgeing (n.) The system of bracing used between floor or other timbers to distribute the weight.

Briefless (a.) Having no brief; without clients; as, a briefless barrister.

Briefness (n.) The quality of being brief; brevity; conciseness in discourse or writing.

Brigading (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brigade

Brillante (a.) In a gay, showy, and sparkling style.

Brillance (n.) Brilliancy.

Brillancy (n.) The quality of being brilliant; splendor; glitter; great brightness, whether in a literal or figurative sense.

Brilliant (p. pr.) Sparkling with luster; glittering; very bright; as, a brilliant star.

Brilliant (p. pr.) Distinguished by qualities which excite admiration; splendid; shining; as, brilliant talents.

Brilliant (a.) A diamond or other gem of the finest cut, formed into faces and facets, so as to reflect and refract the light, by which it is rendered more brilliant. It has at the middle, or top, a principal face, called the table, which is surrounded by a number of sloping facets forming a bizet; below, it has a small face or collet, parallel to the table, connected with the girdle by a pavilion of elongated facets. It is thus distinguished from the rose diamond, which is entirely covered wi

Brilliant (a.) The smallest size of type used in England printing.

Brilliant (a.) A kind of cotton goods, figured on the weaving.

Brimstone (v. t.) Sulphur; See Sulphur.

Brimstone (a.) Made of, or pertaining to, brimstone; as, brimstone matches.

Brimstony (a.) Containing or resembling brimstone; sulphurous.

Brininess (n.) The state or quality of being briny; saltness; brinishness.

Brinjaree (n.) A rough-haired East Indian variety of the greyhound.

Briskness (n.) Live

Bristling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Bristle

Britannia (n.) A white-metal alloy of tin, antimony, bismuth, copper, etc. It somewhat resembles silver, and is used for table ware. Called also Britannia metal.

Britannic (a.) Of or pertaining to Great Britain; British; as, her Britannic Majesty.

Briticism (n.) A word, phrase, or idiom peculiar to Great Britain; any manner of using a word or words that is peculiar to Great Britain.

Britisher (n.) An Englishman; a subject or inhabitant of Great Britain, esp. one in the British military or naval service.

Brittlely (adv.) In a brittle manner.

Broaching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Broach

Broadbill (n.) A wild duck (Aythya, / Fuligula, marila), which appears in large numbers on the eastern coast of the United States, in autumn; -- called also bluebill, blackhead, raft duck, and scaup duck. See Scaup duck.

Broadbill (n.) The shoveler. See Shoveler.

Broadbrim (n.) A hat with a very broad brim, like those worn by men of the society of Friends.

Broadbrim (n.) A member of the society of Friends; a Quaker.

Broadcast (n.) A casting or throwing seed in all directions, as from the hand in sowing.

Broadcast (a.) Cast or dispersed in all directions, as seed from the hand in sowing; widely diffused.

Broadcast (a.) Scattering in all directions (as a method of sowing); -- opposed to planting in hills, or rows.

Broadcast (adv.) So as to scatter or be scattered in all directions; so as to spread widely, as seed from the hand in sowing, or news from the press.

Broadened (imp. & p. p.) of Broaden

Broadleaf (n.) A tree (Terminalia latifolia) of Jamaica, the wood of which is used for boards, scantling, shingles, etc; -- sometimes called the almond tree, from the shape of its fruit.

Broadness (n.) The condition or quality of being broad; breadth; coarseness; grossness.

Broadseal (v. t.) To stamp with the broad seal; to make sure; to guarantee or warrant.

Broadside (n.) The side of a ship above the water

Broadside (n.) A discharge of or from all the guns on one side of a ship, at the same time.

Broadside (n.) A volley of abuse or denunciation.

Broadside (n.) A sheet of paper containing one large page, or printed on one side only; -- called also broadsheet.

Broadwise (adv.) Breadthwise.

Broidered (imp. & p. p.) of Broider

Broiderer (n.) One who embroiders.

Brokerage (n.) The business or employment of a broker.

Brokerage (n.) The fee, reward, or commission, given or changed for transacting business as a broker.

Brominate (v. t.) See Bromate, v. t.

Bromoform (n.) A colorless liquid, CHBr3, having an agreeable odor and sweetish taste. It is produced by the simultaneous action of bromine and caustic potash upon wood spirit, alcohol, or acetone, as also by certain other reactions. In composition it is the same as chloroform, with the substitution of bromine for chlorine. It is somewhat similar to chloroform in its effects.

Bromyrite (n.) Silver bromide, a rare mineral; -- called also bromargyrite.

Bronchial (a.) Belonging to the bronchi and their ramifications in the lungs.

Brooklime (n.) A plant (Veronica Beccabunga), with flowers, usually blue, in axillary racemes. The American species is V. Americana.

Brookside (n.) The bank of a brook.

Brookweed (n.) A small white-flowered herb (Samolus Valerandi) found usually in wet places; water pimpernel.

Brotheler (n.) One who frequents brothels.

Brothelry (n.) Lewdness; obscenity; a brothel.

Brothered (imp. & p. p.) of Brother

Brotherly (a.) Of or pertaining to brothers; such as is natural for brothers; becoming to brothers; kind; affectionate; as, brotherly love.

Brotherly (adv.) Like a brother; affectionately; kindly.

Browbound (a.) Crowned; having the head encircled as with a diadem.

Brownback (n.) The dowitcher or red-breasted snipe. See Dowitcher.

Brownness (n.) The quality or state of being brown.

Brownwort (n.) A species of figwort or Scrophularia (S. vernalis), and other species of the same genus, mostly perennials with inconspicuous coarse flowers.

Bruckeled (a.) Wet and dirty; begrimed.

Brummagem (a.) Counterfeit; gaudy but worthless; sham.

Brunonian (a.) Pertaining to, or invented by, Brown; -- a term applied to a system of medicine promulgated in the 18th century by John Brown, of Scotland, the fundamental doctrine of which was, that life is a state of excitation produced by the normal action of external agents upon the body, and that disease consists in excess or deficiency of excitation.

Brushwood (n.) Brush; a thicket or coppice of small trees and shrubs.

Brushwood (n.) Small branches of trees cut off.

Brustling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brustle

Brutalism (n.) Brutish quality; brutality.

Brutality (n.) The quality of being brutal; inhumanity; savageness; pitilessness.

Brutality (n.) An inhuman act.

Brutalize (v. t.) To make brutal; beasty; unfeeling; or inhuman.

Brutalize (v. i.) To become brutal, inhuman, barbarous, or coarse and beasty.

Bruteness (n.) Brutality.

Bruteness (n.) Insensibility.

Brutified (imp. & p. p.) of Brutify

Bryophyta (n. pl.) See Cryptogamia.

Crabeater (n.) The cobia.

Crabeater (n.) An etheostomoid fish of the southern United States (Hadropterus nigrofasciatus).

Crabeater (n.) A small European heron (Ardea minuta, and other allied species).

Crabfaced (a.) Having a sour, disagreeable countenance.

Crabsidle (v. i.) To move sidewise, as a crab. [Jocular].

Crabstick (n.) A stick, cane, or cudgel, made of the wood of the crab tree.

Crab tree () See under Crab.

Crab-yaws (n.) A disease in the West Indies. It is a kind of ulcer on the soles of the feet, with very hard edges. See Yaws.

Crackling (n.) The making of small, sharp cracks or reports, frequently repeated.

Crackling (n.) The well-browned, crisp rind of roasted pork.

Crackling (n.) Food for dogs, made from the refuse of tallow melting.

Cracksmen (pl. ) of Cracksman

Cracksman (n.) A burglar.

Cracovian (a.) Of or pertaining to Cracow in Poland.

Craftless (a.) Without craft or cunning.

Craftsmen (pl. ) of Craftsman

Craftsman (n.) One skilled in some trade or manual occupation; an artificer; a mechanic.

Cramoisie (a.) Alt. of Cramoisy

Crampfish (n.) The torpedo, or electric ray, the touch of which gives an electric shock. See Electric fish, and Torpedo.

Cramponee (a.) Having a cramp or square piece at the end; -- said of a cross so furnished.

Crampoons (n.) A clutch formed of hooked pieces of iron, like double calipers, for raising stones, lumber, blocks of ice, etc.

Crampoons (n.) Iron instruments with sharp points, worn on the shoes to assist in gaining or keeping a foothold.

Cranberry (n.) A red, acid berry, much used for making sauce, etc.; also, the plant producing it (several species of Vaccinum or Oxycoccus.) The high cranberry or cranberry tree is a species of Viburnum (V. Opulus), and the other is sometimes called low cranberry or marsh cranberry to distinguish it.

Crankbird (n.) A small European woodpecker (Picus minor).

Crankness (n.) Liability to be overset; -- said of a ship or other vessel.

Crankness (n.) Spright

Crannying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cranny

Crapefish (n.) Salted codfish hardened by pressure.

Crapulent (a.) Alt. of Crapulous

Crapulous (a.) Surcharged with liquor; sick from excessive indulgence in liquor; drunk; given to excesses.

Crassness (n.) Grossness.

Crataegus (n.) A genus of small, hardy trees, including the hawthorn, much used for ornamental purposes.

Craterous (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a crater.

Craunched (imp. & p. p.) of Craunch

Cravatted (a.) Wearing a cravat.

Cravening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Craven

Crayoning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crayon

Craziness (n.) The state of being broken down or weakened; as, the craziness of a ship, or of the limbs.

Craziness (n.) The state of being broken in mind; imbecility or weakness of intellect; d

Creamcake (n.) A kind of cake filled with custard made of cream, eggs, etc.

Creatable (a.) That may be created.

Creatinin (n.) A white, crystal

Creatress (n.) She who creates.

Creatural (a.) Belonging to a creature; having the qualities of a creature.

Credendum (n.) A thing to be believed; an article of faith; -- distinguished from agendum, a practical duty.

Crediting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Credit

Creditrix (n.) A female creditor.

Credulity (n.) Readiness of belief; a disposition to believe on slight evidence.

Credulous (a.) Apt to believe on slight evidence; easily imposed upon; unsuspecting.

Credulous (a.) Believed too readily.

Creedless (a.) Without a creed.

Creekfish (n.) The chub sucker.

Creephole (n.) A hole or retreat into which an animal may creep, to escape notice or danger.

Creephole (n.) A subterfuge; an excuse.

Cremaster (n.) A thin muscle which serves to draw up the testicle.

Cremaster (n.) The apex of the last abdominal segment of an insect.

Cremation (n.) A burning; esp., the act or practice of cremating the dead.

Crematory (n.) A furnace for cremating corpses; a building containing such a furnace.

Crematory (a.) Pertaining to, or employed in, cremation.

Cremocarp (n.) The peculiar fruit of fennel, carrot, parsnip, and the like, consisting of a pair of carpels pendent from a supporting axis.

Crenation (n.) A rounded tooth on the edge of a leaf.

Crenation (n.) The condition of being crenate.

Crenature (n.) A rounded tooth or notch of a crenate leaf, or any part that is crenate; -- called also crenelle.

Crenature (n.) The state of being crenated or notched.

Crenelate (v. t.) To furnish with crenelles.

Crenelate (v. t.) To indent; to notch; as, a crenelated leaf.

Crenelled (a.) Same as Crenate.

Crenulate (a.) Alt. of Crenulated

Creosoted (imp. & p. p.) of Creosote

Crepitant (a.) Having a crackling sound; crackling; rattling.

Crepitate (v.) To make a series of small, sharp, rapidly repeated explosions or sounds, as salt in fire; to crackle; to snap.

Crepuscle (n.) Alt. of Crepuscule

Crescence (n.) Increase; enlargement.

Crescendo (a. & adv.) With a constantly increasing volume of voice; with gradually increasing strength and fullness of tone; -- a direction for the performance of music, indicated by the mark, or by writing the word on the score.

Crescendo (n.) A gradual increase in the strength and fullness of tone with which a passage is performed.

Crescendo (n.) A passage to be performed with constantly increasing volume of tone.

Cresorcin (n.) Same as Isorcin.

Cresselle (n.) A wooden rattle sometimes used as a substitute for a bell, in the Roman Catholic church, during the latter part of Holy Week, or the last week of Lent.

Crestless (a.) Without a crest or escutcheon; of low birth.

Creticism (n.) Falsehood; lying; cretism.

Cretinism (n.) A condition of endemic or inherited idiocy, accompanied by physical degeneracy and deformity (usually with goiter), frequent in certain mountain valleys, esp. of the Alps.

Cretinous (a.) Having the characteristics of a cretin.

Cribbling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cribble

Cribellum (n.) A peculiar perforated organ of certain spiders (Ciniflonidae), used for spinning a special kind of silk.

Cricketer (n.) One who plays at cricket.

Crimeless (a.) Free from crime; innocent.

Criminate (v. t. ) To accuse of, or charge with, a crime.

Criminate (v. t. ) To involve in a crime or in its consequences; to render liable to a criminal charge.

Criminous (a.) Criminal; involving great crime or grave charges; very wicked; heinous.

Crimpling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crimple

Crimsoned (imp. & p. p.) of Crimson

Crinatory (a.) Crinitory.

Crinitory (a.) Of or relating to hair; as, a crinitory covering.

Crinkling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crinkle

Crinoidal (a.) Of pertaining to crinoids; consisting of, or containing, crinoids.

Crinoidea (n. pl.) A large class of Echinodermata, including numerous extinct families and genera, but comparatively few living ones. Most of the fossil species, like some that are recent, were attached by a jointed stem. See Blastoidea, Cystoidea, Comatula.



Crinosity (n.) Hairiness.

Crippling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cripple

Crippling (n.) Spars or timbers set up as a support against the side of a building.

Crispated (a.) Having a crisped appearance; irregularly curled or twisted.

Crispness (n.) The state or quality of being crisp.

Criterion (n.) A standard of judging; any approved or established rule or test, by which facts, principles opinions, and conduct are tried in forming a correct judgment respecting them.

Criticise (v. t.) To examine and judge as a critic; to pass literary or artistic judgment upon; as, to criticise an author; to criticise a picture.

Criticise (v. t.) To express one's views as to the merit or demerit of; esp., to animadvert upon; to find fault with; as, to criticise conduct.

Criticise (v. i.) To act as a critic; to pass literary or artistic judgment; to play the critic; -- formerly used with on or upon.

Criticise (v. i.) To discuss the merits or demerits of a thing or person; esp., to find fault.

Criticism (n.) The rules and principles which regulate the practice of the critic; the art of judging with knowledge and propriety of the beauties and faults of a literary performance, or of a production in the fine arts; as, dramatic criticism.

Criticism (n.) The act of criticising; a critical judgment passed or expressed; a critical observation or detailed examination and review; a critique; animadversion; censure.

Crocheted (imp. & p. p.) of Crochet

Crocketed (a.) Ornamented with crockets.

Crocodile (n.) A large reptile of the genus Crocodilus, of several species. They grow to the length of sixteen or eighteen feet, and inhabit the large rivers of Africa, Asia, and America. The eggs, laid in the sand, are hatched by the sun's heat. The best known species is that of the Nile (C. vulgaris, or C. Niloticus). The Florida crocodile (C. Americanus) is much less common than the alligator and has longer jaws. The name is also sometimes applied to the species of other related genera, as

Crocodile (n.) A fallacious dilemma, mythically supposed to have been first used by a crocodile.

Croconate (n.) A salt formed by the union of croconic acid with a base.

Croftland (n.) Land of superior quality, on which successive crops are raised.

Crookback (n.) A crooked back; one who has a crooked or deformed back; a hunchback.

Crookbill (n.) A New Zealand plover (Anarhynchus frontalis), remarkable for having the end of the beak abruptly bent to the right.

Crookedly (adv.) In a curved or crooked manner; in a perverse or untoward manner.

Croqueted (imp. & p. p.) of Croquet

Crosiered (a.) Bearing a crosier.

Crossbeak (n.) Same as Crossbill.

Crossbeam (n.) A girder.

Crossbeam (n.) A beam laid across the bitts, to which the cable is fastened when riding at anchor.

Crossbill () A bill brought by a defendant, in an equity or chancery suit, against the plaintiff, respecting the matter in question in that suit.

Crossbill (n.) A bird of the genus Loxia, allied to the finches. Their mandibles are strongly curved and cross each other; the crossbeak.

Crossbite (n.) A deception; a cheat.

Crossbite (b. t.) To deceive; to trick; to gull.

Crossbred (a.) Produced by mixing distinct breeds; mongrel.

Cross-bun (n.) A bun or cake marked with a cross, and intended to be eaten on Good Friday.

Crossette (n.) A return in one of the corners of the architrave of a door or window; -- called also ancon, ear, elbow.

Crossette (n.) The shoulder of a joggled keystone.

Cross-eye (n.) See Strabismus.

Crossfish (n.) A starfish.

Crossflow (v. i.) To flow across, or in a contrary direction.

Crossnath (v. t.) To shade by means of crosshatching.

Crosshead (n.) A beam or bar across the head or end of a rod, etc., or a block attached to it and carrying a knuckle pin; as the solid crosspiece running between parallel slides, which receives motion from the piston of a steam engine and imparts it to the connecting rod, which is hinged to the crosshead.

Crossjack (n.) The lowest square sail, or the lower yard of the mizzenmast.

Crossness (n.) The quality or state of being cross; peevishness; fretfulness; ill humor.

Crossroad (n.) A road that crosses another; an obscure road intersecting or avoiding the main road.

Crossruff (n.) The play in whist where partners trump each a different suit, and lead to each other for that purpose; -- called also seesaw.

Cross-tie (n.) A sleeper supporting and connecting the rails, and holding them in place.

Crosswise (adv.) In the form of a cross; across; transversely.

Crosswort (n.) A name given to several inconspicuous plants having leaves in whorls of four, as species of Crucianella, Valantia, etc.


Crotchety (a.) Given to crotchets; subject to whims; as, a crotchety man.

Crotonine (n.) A supposed alkaloid obtained from croton oil by boiling it with water and magnesia, since found to be merely a magnesia soap of the oil.

Crouching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crouch

Croustade (n.) Bread baked in a mold, and scooped out, to serve minces upon.

Crowberry (n.) A heathlike plant of the genus Empetrum, and its fruit, a black, scarcely edible berry; -- also called crakeberry.

Crownless (a.) Without a crown.

Crown-saw (n.) A saw in the form of a hollow cylinder, with teeth on the end or edge, and operated by a rotative motion.

Crownwork (n.) A work consisting of two or more bastioned fronts, with their outworks, covering an enceinte, a bridgehead, etc., and connected by wings with the main work or the river bank.

Crow-silk (n.) A filamentous fresh-water alga (Conferva rivularis of Linnaeus, Rhizoclonium rivulare of Kutzing).

Crowstone (n.) The top stone of the gable end of a house.

Croziered (a.) Crosiered.

Crucifier (n.) One who crucifies; one who subjects himself or another to a painful trial.

Cruciform (a.) Cross-shaped; (Bot.) having four parts arranged in the form of a cross.

Crucified (imp. & p. p.) of Crucify

Crudeness (n.) A crude, undigested, or unprepared state; rawness; unripeness; immatureness; unfitness for a destined use or purpose; as, the crudeness of iron ore; crudeness of theories or plans.

Crudities (pl. ) of Crudity

Cruelness (n.) Cruelty.

Cruelties (pl. ) of Cruelty

Cruentate (a.) Smeared with blood.

Cruentous (a.) Bloody; cruentate.

Crumbling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crumble

Crummable (a.) Capable of being crumbed or broken into small pieces.

Crumpling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crumple

Crunching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crunch

Crusading (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crusade

Crusading (a.) Of or pertaining to a crusade; as, a crusading spirit.

Crustacea (n. pl.) One of the classes of the arthropods, including lobsters and crabs; -- so called from the crustlike shell with which they are covered.

Crustated (a.) Covered with a crust; as, crustated basalt.

Crustific (a.) Producing or forming a crust or skin.

Cryptical (a.) Hidden; secret; occult.

Cryptogam (n.) A plant belonging to the Cryptogamia.

Cryptonym (n.) A secret name; a name by which a person is known only to the initiated.

Drabbling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drabble

Draconian (a.) Pertaining to Draco, a famous lawgiver of Athens, 621 b. c.

Dracontic (a.) Belonging to that space of time in which the moon performs one revolution, from ascending node to ascending node. See Dragon's head, under Dragon.

Draftsman (n.) See Draughtsman.

Draggling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Draggle

Dragomans (pl. ) of Dragoman

Dragonish (a.) resembling a dragon.

Dragooned (imp. & p. p.) of Dragoon

Dragooner (n.) A dragoon.

Drainable (a.) Capable of being drained.

Drainpipe (n.) A pipe used for carrying off surplus water.

Draintile (n.) A hollow tile used in making drains; -- called also draining tile.

Draintrap (n.) See 4th Trap, 5.

Dramatist (n.) The author of a dramatic composition; a writer of plays.

Dramatize (v. t.) To compose in the form of the drama; to represent in a drama; to adapt to dramatic representation; as, to dramatize a novel, or an historical episode.

Draperied (a.) Covered or supplied with drapery.

Draperies (pl. ) of Drapery

Draughted (imp. & p. p.) of Draught

Dravidian (a.) Of or pertaining to the Dravida.

Drawbench (n.) A machine in which strips of metal are drawn through a drawplate; especially, one in which wire is thus made; -- also called drawing bench.

Drawknife (n.) A joiner's tool having a blade with a handle at each end, used to shave off surfaces, by drawing it toward one; a shave; -- called also drawshave, and drawing shave.

Drawknife (n.) A tool used for the purpose of making an incision along the path a saw is to follow, to prevent it from tearing the surface of the wood.

Drawlatch (n.) A housebreaker or thief.

Drawplate (n.) A hardened steel plate having a hole, or a gradation of conical holes, through which wires are drawn to be reduced and elongated.

Drawshave (n.) See Drawing knife.

Dreadable (a.) Worthy of being dreaded.

Dreadless (a.) Free from dread; fearless; intrepid; dauntless; as, dreadless heart.

Dreadless (a.) Exempt from danger which causes dread; secure.

Dreadless (adv.) Without doubt.

Dreamland (n.) An unreal, delightful country such as in sometimes pictured in dreams; region of fancies; fairyland.

Dreamless (a.) Free from, or without, dreams.

Dreissena (n.) A genus of bivalve shells of which one species (D. polymorpha) is often so abundant as to be very troublesome in the fresh waters of Europe.

Drenching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drench

Driftbolt (n.) A bolt for driving out other bolts.

Driftless (a.) Having no drift or direction; without aim; purposeless.

Driftweed (n.) Seaweed drifted to the shore by the wind.

Driftwind (n.) A driving wind; a wind that drives snow, sand, etc., into heaps.

Driftwood (n.) Wood drifted or floated by water.

Driftwood (n.) Fig.: Whatever is drifting or floating as on water.

Drinkable (a.) Capable of being drunk; suitable for drink; potable. Macaulay. Also used substantively, esp. in the plural.

Drinkless (a.) Destitute of drink.

Dripstone (n.) A drip, when made of stone. See Drip, 2.

Drivebolt (n.) A drift; a tool for setting bolts home.

Drivelled () of Drivel

Driveling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drivel

Drivepipe (n.) A pipe for forcing into the earth.

Drizzling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drizzle

Droitural (a.) relating to the mere right of property, as distinguished from the right of possession; as, droitural actions.

Dromedary (n.) The Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius), having one hump or protuberance on the back, in distinction from the Bactrian camel, which has two humps.

Drone bee () The male of the honeybee; a drone.

Drone fly () A dipterous insect (Eristalis tenax), resembling the drone bee. See Eristalis.

Dronepipe (n.) One of the low-toned tubes of a bagpipe.

Droplight (n.) An apparatus for bringing artificial light down from a chandelier nearer to a table or desk; a pendant.

Droppinly (adv.) In drops.

Dropsical (a.) Diseased with dropsy; hydropical; tending to dropsy; as, a dropsical patient.

Dropsical (a.) Of or pertaining to dropsy.

Drossless (a.) Free from dross.

Drowsihed (n.) Drowsihead.

Druidical (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the Druids.

Drumstick (n.) A stick with which a drum is beaten.

Drumstick (n.) Anything resembling a drumstick in form, as the tibiotarsus, or second joint, of the leg of a fowl.

Drunkenly (adv.) In a drunken manner.

Drunkship (n.) The state of being drunk; drunkenness.

Dry-boned (a.) Having dry bones, or bones without flesh.

Dry goods () A commercial name for textile fabrics, cottons, woolens,

Dry nurse () A nurse who attends and feeds a child by hand; -- in distinction from a wet nurse, who suckles it.

Drysalter (n.) A dealer in salted or dried meats, pickles, sauces, etc., and in the materials used in pickling, salting, and preserving various kinds of food Hence drysalters usually sell a number of sa

Dry-stone (a.) Constructed of uncemented stone.

Eradiated (imp. & p. p.) of Eradiate

Eradicate (v. t.) To pluck up by the roots; to root up; as, an oak tree eradicated.

Eradicate (v. t.) To root out; to destroy utterly; to extirpate; as, to eradicate diseases, or errors.

Erasement (n.) The act of erasing; a rubbing out; expunction; obliteration.

Ercedeken (n.) An archdeacon.

Erectable (a.) Capable of being erected; as, an erectable feather.

Erectness (n.) Uprightness of posture or form.

Eremitage (n.) See Hermitage.

Eremitish (a.) Eremitic.

Eremitism (n.) The state of a hermit; a living in seclusion from social life.

Eretation (n.) A creeping forth.

Erewhiles (adv.) Some time ago; a little while before; heretofore.

Ergotized (a.) Affected with the ergot fungus; as, ergotized rye.

Eriometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the diameters of minute particles or fibers, from the size of the colored rings produced by the diffraction of the light in which the objects are viewed.

Eristalis (n.) A genus of dipterous insects whose young (called rat-tailed larvae) are remarkable for their long tapering tail, which spiracles at the tip, and for their ability to live in very impure and salt waters; -- also called drone fly.

Eristical (a.) Controversial.

Ernestful (a.) Serious.

Erogating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Erogate

Erogation (n.) The act of giving out or bestowing.

Erostrate (a.) Without a beak.

Eroticism (n.) Erotic quality.

Erratical (a.) Erratic.

Erroneous (a.) Wandering; straying; deviating from the right course; -- hence, irregular; unnatural.

Erroneous (a.) Misleading; misled; mistaking.

Erroneous (a.) Containing error; not conformed to truth or justice; incorrect; false; mistaken; as, an erroneous doctrine; erroneous opinion, observation, deduction, view, etc.

Erstwhile (adv.) Till then or now; heretofore; formerly.

Erucifrom (a.) Having the form of a caterpillar; -- said of insect larvae.

Erudition (n.) The act of instructing; the result of thorough instruction; the state of being erudite or learned; the acquisitions gained by extensive reading or study; particularly, learning in literature or criticism, as distinct from the sciences; scholarship.

Eruginous (a.) Partaking of the substance or nature of copper, or of the rust copper; resembling the trust of copper or verdigris; aeruginous.

Erythrean (a.) Alt. of Erythraean

Erythrine (n.) A colorless crystal

Erythrine (n.) See Erythrite, 2.

Erythrina (n.) A genus of leguminous plants growing in the tropics; coral tree; -- so called from its red flowers.

Erythrism (n.) A condition of excessive redness. See Erythrochroism.

Erythrite (n.) A colorless crystal

Erythrite (n.) A rose-red mineral, crystallized and earthy, a hydrous arseniate of cobalt, known also as cobalt bloom; -- called also erythrin or erythrine.

Erythroid (a.) Of a red color; reddish; as, the erythroid tunic (the cremaster muscle).

Fractious (a.) Apt to break out into a passion; apt to scold; cross; snappish; ugly; unruly; as, a fractious man; a fractious horse.

Fractural (a.) Pertaining to, or consequent on, a fracture.

Fractured (imp. & p. p.) of Fracture

Fraenulum (n.) A fraenum.

Fragility (n.) The condition or quality of being fragile; brittleness; frangibility.

Fragility (n.) Weakness; feebleness.

Fragility (n.) Liability to error and sin; frailty.

Fragrance (n.) Alt. of Fragrancy

Fragrancy (n.) The quality of being fragrant; sweetness of smell; a sweet smell; a pleasing odor; perfume.

Frailness (n.) Frailty.

Frailties (pl. ) of Frailty

Framework (n.) The work of framing, or the completed work; the frame or constructional part of anything; as, the framework of society.

Framework (n.) Work done in, or by means of, a frame or loom.

Franchise (a.) Exemption from constraint or oppression; freedom; liberty.

Franchise (a.) A particular privilege conferred by grant from a sovereign or a government, and vested in individuals; an imunity or exemption from ordinary jurisdiction; a constitutional or statutory right or privilege, esp. the right to vote.

Franchise (a.) The district or jurisdiction to which a particular privilege extends; the limits of an immunity; hence, an asylum or sanctuary.

Franchise (a.) Magnanimity; generosity; liberality; frankness; nobility.

Franchise (v. t.) To make free; to enfranchise; to give liberty to.

Francolin (n.) A spurred partidge of the genus Francolinus and allied genera, of Asia and Africa. The common species (F. vulgaris) was formerly common in southern Europe, but is now nearly restricted to Asia.

Frangible (a.) Capable of being broken; brittle; fragile; easily broken.

Frangulic (a.) Alt. of Frangulinic

Frangulin (n.) A yellow crystal

Frank-fee (n.) A species of tenure in fee simple, being the opposite of ancient demesne, or copyhold.

Frank-law (n.) The liberty of being sworn in courts, as a juror or witness; one of the ancient privileges of a freeman; free and common law; -- an obsolete expression signifying substantially the same as the American expression civil rights.

Frankness (n.) The quality of being frank; candor; openess; ingenuousness; fairness; liberality.

Fraternal (a.) Pf, pertaining to, or involving, brethren; becoming to brothers; brotherly; as, fraternal affection; a fraternal embrace.

Fraudless (a.) Free from fraud.

Fraughted (imp. & p. p.) of Fraught

Freckling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Freckle

Fredstole (n.) See Fridstol.

Freebooty (n.) Freebootery.

Free-hand (a.) Done by the hand, without support, or the guidance of instruments; as, free-hand drawing. See under Drawing.

Free-love (n.) The doctrine or practice of consorting with the opposite sex, at pleasure, without marriage.

Freemason (n.) One of an ancient and secret association or fraternity, said to have been at first composed of masons or builders in stone, but now consisting of persons who are united for social enjoyment and mutual assistance.

Free-soil (a.) Pertaining to, or advocating, the non-extension of slavery; -- esp. applied to a party which was active during the period 1846-1856.

Freestone (n.) A stone composed of sand or grit; -- so called because it is easily cut or wrought.

Freestone (a.) Having the flesh readily separating from the stone, as in certain kinds of peaches.

Free will () A will free from improper coercion or restraint.

Free will () The power asserted of moral beings of willing or choosing without the restraints of physical or absolute necessity.

Freezable (a.) Capable of being frozen.

Freighted (imp. & p. p.) of Freight

Freighter (n.) One who loads a ship, or one who charters and loads a ship.

Freighter (n.) One employed in receiving and forwarding freight.

Freighter (n.) One for whom freight is transported.

Freighter (n.) A vessel used mainly to carry freight.

Frenchify (v. t.) To make French; to infect or imbue with the manners or tastes of the French; to Gallicize.

Frenchism (n.) A French mode or characteristic; an idiom peculiar to the French language.

Frenchmen (pl. ) of Frenchman

Frenchman (n.) A native or one of the people of France.

Frenzical (a.) Frantic.

Frequence (n.) A crowd; a throng; a concourse.

Frequence (n.) Frequency; abundance.

Frequency (n.) The condition of returning frequently; occurrence often repeated; common occurence; as, the frequency of crimes; the frequency of miracles.

Frequency (n.) A crowd; a throng.

Frescoing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Fresco

Freshened (imp. & p. p.) of Freshen

Freshment (n.) Refreshment.

Freshness (n.) The state of being fresh.

Fresh-new (a.) Unpracticed.

Fribbling (a.) Frivolous; trining; toolishly captious.

Fricassee (n.) A dish made of fowls, veal, or other meat of small animals cut into pieces, and stewed in a gravy.

Fricassed (imp. & p. p.) of Frlcassee

Frlcassee (v. t.) To dress like a fricassee.

Frication (n.) Friction.

Fricative (a.) Produced by the friction or rustling of the breath, intonated or unintonated, through a narrow opening between two of the mouth organs; uttered through a close approach, but not with a complete closure, of the organs of articulation, and hence capable of being continued or prolonged; -- said of certain consonantal sounds, as f, v, s, z, etc.

Fricative (n.) A fricative consonant letter or sound.

Friending (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Friend

Friending (n.) Friend

Frigatoon (n.) A Venetian vessel, with a square stern, having only a mainmast, jigger mast, and bowsprit; also a sloop of war ship-rigged.

Frigerate (e. t.) To make cool.

Frighting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Fright

Frightful (a.) Full of fright; affrighted; frightened.

Frightful (a.) Full of that which causes fright; exciting alarm; impressing terror; shocking; as, a frightful chasm, or tempest; a frightful appearance.

Prigidity (n.) The condition or quality of being frigid; coldness; want of warmth.

Prigidity (n.) Want of ardor, animation, vivacity, etc.; coldness of affection or of manner; dullness; stiffness and formality; as, frigidity of a reception, of a bow, etc.

Prigidity (n.) Want of heat or vigor; as, the frigidity of old age.

Fringilla (a.) A genus of birds, with a short, conical, pointed bill. It formerly included all the sparrows and finches, but is now restricted to certain European finches, like the chaffinch and brambling.

Fripperer (n.) A fripper.

Friskily' (adv.) In a frisky manner.

Frittered (imp. & p. p.) of Fritter

Frivolism (n.) Frivolity.

Frivolity (n.) The condition or quality of being frivolous; also, acts or habits of trifling; unbecoming levity of disposition.

Frivolous (a.) Of little weight or importance; not worth notice; slight; as, a frivolous argument.

Frivolous (a.) Given to trifling; marked with unbecoming levity; silly; interested especially in trifling matters.

Frizzling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frizzle

Frockless (a.) Destitute of a frock.

Frogmouth (n.) One of several species of Asiatic and East Indian birds of the genus Batrachostomus (family Podargidae); -- so called from their very broad, flat bills.

Frogs-bit (n.) Frogbit.

Frogshell (n.) One of numerous species of marine gastropod shells, belonging to Ranella and allied genera.

Frolicked (imp. & p. p.) of Frolic

Frolicful (a.) Frolicsome.

Fromwards (prep.) A way from; -- the contrary of toward.

Frondesce (v. i.) To unfold leaves, as plants.

Frontless (a.) Without face or front; shameless; not diffident; impudent.

Frostbird (n.) The golden plover.

Frostbite (n.) The freezing, or effect of a freezing, of some part of the body, as the ears or nose.

Frostbite (v. t.) To expose to the effect of frost, or a frosty air; to blight or nip with frost.

Frostfish (n.) The tomcod; -- so called because it is abundant on the New England coast in autumn at about the commencement of frost. See Tomcod.

Frostfish (n.) The smelt.

Frostfish (n.) A name applied in New Zealand to the scabbard fish (Lepidotus) valued as a food fish.

Frostless (a.) Free from frost; as, a frostless winter.

Frostweed (n.) An American species of rockrose (Helianthemum Canadense), sometimes used in medicine as an astringent or aromatic tonic.

Frostwork (n.) The figurework, often fantastic and delicate, which moisture sometimes forms in freezing, as upon a window pane or a flagstone.

Frostwort (n.) Same as Frostweed.

Frothless (a.) Free from froth.

Frouncing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frounce

Fructidor (n.) The twelfth month of the French republican calendar; -- commencing August 18, and ending September 16. See Vendemiaire.

Fructuary (n.) One who enjoys the profits, income, or increase of anything.

Fructuous (a.) Fruitful; productive; profitable.

Frugality (n.) The quality of being frugal; prudent economy; that careful management of anything valuable which expends nothing unnecessarily, and applies what is used to a profitable purpose; thrift; --- opposed to extravagance.

Frugality (n.) A sparing use; sparingness; as, frugality of praise.

Frugivora (n. pl.) The fruit bate; a group of the Cheiroptera, comprising the bats which live on fruits. See Eruit bat, under Fruit.

Fruiterer (n.) One who deals in fruit; a seller of fruits.

Fruitless (a.) Lacking, or not bearing, fruit; barren; destitute of offspring; as, a fruitless tree or shrub; a fruitless marriage.

Fruitless (a.) Productive of no advantage or good effect; vain; idle; useless; unprofitable; as, a fruitless attempt; a fruitless controversy.

Frustrate (a.) Vain; ineffectual; useless; unprofitable; null; voil; nugatory; of no effect.

Frustrate (v. t.) To bring to nothing; to prevent from attaining a purpose; to disappoint; to defeat; to baffle; as, to frustrate a plan, design, or attempt; to frustrate the will or purpose.

Frustrate (v. t.) To make null; to nullifly; to render invalid or of no effect; as, to frustrate a conveyance or deed.

Fruticant (a.) Full of shoots.

Fruticose (a.) Pertaining to a shrub or shrubs; branching like a shrub; shrubby; shrublike; as, a fruticose stem.

Fruticous (a.) Fruticose.

Grabbling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grabble

Graceless (a.) Wanting in grace or excellence; departed from, or deprived of, divine grace; hence, depraved; corrupt.

Graceless (a.) Unfortunate. Cf. Grace, n., 4.

Gracility (n.) State of being gracilent; slenderness.

Gradation (n.) The act of progressing by regular steps or orderly arrangement; the state of being graded or arranged in ranks; as, the gradation of castes.

Gradation (n.) The act or process of bringing to a certain grade.

Gradation (n.) Any degree or relative position in an order or series.

Gradation (n.) A gradual passing from one tint to another or from a darker to a lighter shade, as in painting or drawing.

Gradation (n.) A diatonic ascending or descending succession of chords.

Gradation (v. t.) To form with gradations.

Gradatory (a.) Proceeding step by step, or by gradations; gradual.

Gradatory (a.) Suitable for walking; -- said of the limbs of an animal when adapted for walking on land.

Gradatory (n.) A series of steps from a cloister into a church.

Gradually (adv.) In a gradual manner.

Gradually (adv.) In degree.

Graduated (imp. & p. p.) of Graduate

Graduated (a.) Marked with, or divided into, degrees; divided into grades.

Graduated (a.) Tapered; -- said of a bird's tail when the outer feathers are shortest, and the others successively longer.

Graduator (n.) One who determines or indicates graduation; as, a graduator of instruments.

Graduator (n.) An instrument for dividing any

Graduator (n.) An apparatus for diffusing a solution, as brine or vinegar, over a large surface, for exposure to the air.

Grahamite (n.) One who follows the dietetic system of Graham.

Graining. (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grain

Gramashes (n. pl.) Gaiters reaching to the knee; leggings.

Gramineal (a.) Gramineous.

Grammates (n. pl.) Rudiments; first principles, as of grammar.

Grammatic (a.) Grammatical.

Grampuses (pl. ) of Grampus

Granaries (pl. ) of Granary

Granatite (n.) See Staurolite.

Grandaunt (n.) The aunt of one's father or mother.

Grandific (a.) Making great.

Grandiose (a.) Impressive or elevating in effect; imposing; splendid; striking; -- in a good sense.

Grandiose (a.) Characterized by affectation of grandeur or splendor; flaunting; turgid; bombastic; -- in a bad sense; as, a grandiose style.

Grandness (n.) Grandeur.

Grandpapa (n.) A grandfather.

Grandsire (n.) Specifically, a grandfather; more generally, any ancestor.

Graniform (a.) Formed like of corn.

Granitoid (a.) Resembling granite in granular appearance; as, granitoid gneiss; a granitoid pavement.

Grantable (a.) Capable of being granted.

Granulary (a.) Granular.

Granulate (v. t.) To form into grains or small masses; as, to granulate powder, sugar, or metal.

Granulate (v. t.) To raise in granules or small asperities; to make rough on the surface.

Granulate (v. i.) To collect or be formed into grains; as, cane juice granulates into sugar.

Granulate (a.) Alt. of Granulated

Granulite (n.) A whitish, granular rock, consisting of feldspar and quartz intimately mixed; -- sometimes called whitestone, and leptynite.

Granulose (n.) The main constituent of the starch grain or granule, in distinction from the framework of cellulose. Unlike cellulose, it is colored blue by iodine, and is converted into dextrin and sugar by boiling acids and amylolytic ferments.

Granulous (a.) Full of grains; abounding with granular substances; granular.

Grapeless (a.) Wanting grapes or the flavor of grapes.

Grapeshot (n.) A cluster, usually nine in number, of small iron balls, put together by means of cast-iron circular plates at top and bottom, with two rings, and a central connecting rod, in order to be used as a charge for a cannon. Formerly grapeshot were inclosed in canvas bags.

Grapevine (n.) A vine or climbing shrub, of the genus Vitis, having small green flowers and lobed leaves, and bearing the fruit called grapes.

Graphical (a.) Of or pertaining to the arts of painting and drawing.

Graphical (a.) Of or pertaining to the art of writing.

Graphical (a.) Written or engraved; formed of letters or

Graphical (a.) Well de

Graphical (a.) Having the faculty of, or characterized by, clear and impressive description; vivid; as, a graphic writer.

Graphitic (a.) Pertaining to, containing, derived from, or resembling, graphite.

Grappling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grapple

Grappling (n.) A laying fast ho1d of; also, that by which anything is seized and held, a grapnel.

Grappling (n.) A grapple; a struggle. A match for yards in fight, in grappling for the bear.

Graspable (a.) Capable of being grasped.

Graspless (a.) Without a grasp; relaxed.

Grassless (a.) Destitute of grass.

Grassplot (n.) A plot or space covered with grass; a lawn.

Graticule (n.) A design or draught which has been divided into squares, in order to reproduce it in other dimensions.

Glatified (a.) Pleased; indulged according to desire.

Gratifier (n.) One who gratifies or pleases.

Gratified (imp. & p. p.) of Gratify

Gratiolin (n.) One of the essential principles of the hedge hyssop (Gratiola officinalis).

Gratitude (a.) The state of being grateful; warm and friendly feeling toward a benefactor; kindness awakened by a favor received; thankfulness.

Gratulate (a.) To salute with declaration of joy; to congratulate.

Gratulate (a.) Worthy of gratulation.

Grauwacke (n.) Graywacke.

Gravamens (pl. ) of Gravamen

Gravelled () of Gravel

Graveling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Gravel

Graveless (a.) Without a grave; unburied.

Graveling (n.) Alt. of Gravelling

Graveling (n.) Alt. of Gravelling

Graveness (n.) The quality of being grave.

Graveyard (n.) A yard or inclosure for the interment of the dead; a cemetery.

Gravidity (n.) The state of being gravidated; pregnancy.

Gravitate (v. i.) To obey the law of gravitation; to exert a force Or pressure, or tend to move, under the influence of gravitation; to tend in any direction or toward any object.

Gravities (pl. ) of Gravity

Graybeard (n.) An old man.

Grayhound (n.) See Greyhound.

Graywacke (n.) A conglomerate or grit rock, consisting of rounded pebbles sand firmly united together.

Greatcoat (n.) An overcoat.

Greatness (n.) The state, condition, or quality of being great; as, greatness of size, greatness of mind, power, etc.

Greatness (n.) Pride; haughtiness.

Grecizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grecize

Greekling (n.) A little Greek, or one of small esteem or pretensions.

Greenback (n.) One of the legal tender notes of the United States; -- first issued in 1862, and having the devices on the back printed with green ink, to prevent alterations and counterfeits.

Greenbone (n.) Any garfish (Belone or Tylosurus).

Greenbone (n.) The European eelpout.

Greenfish (n.) See Bluefish, and Pollock.

Greengage (n.) A kind of plum of medium size, roundish shape, greenish flesh, and delicious flavor. It is called in France Reine Claude, after the queen of Francis I. See Gage.

Greengill (n.) An oyster which has the gills tinged with a green pigment, said to be due to an abnormal condition of the blood.

Greenhead (n.) The mallard.

Greenhead (n.) The striped bass. See Bass.

Greenhead (n.) Alt. of Greenhood

Greenhood (n.) A state of greenness; verdancy.

Greenhorn (n.) A raw, inexperienced person; one easily imposed upon.

Greenness (n.) The quality of being green; viridity; verdancy; as, the greenness of grass, or of a meadow.

Greenness (n.) Freshness; vigor; newness.

Greenness (n.) Immaturity; unripeness; as, the greenness of fruit; inexperience; as, the greenness of youth.

Greenroom (n.) The retiring room of actors and actresses in a theater.

Greensand (n.) A variety of sandstone, usually imperfectly consolidated, consisting largely of glauconite, a silicate of iron and potash of a green color, mixed with sand and a trace of phosphate of lime.

Greenweed (n.) See Greenbroom.

Greenwood (n.) A forest as it appears is spring and summer.

Greenwood (a.) Pertaining to a greenwood; as, a greenwood shade.

Gregarian (a.) Gregarious; belonging to the herd or common sort; common.

Gregarine (a.) Of or pertaining to the Gregarinae.

Gregarine (n.) One of the Gregarinae.

Gregorian (a.) Pertaining to, or originated by, some person named Gregory, especially one of the popes of that name.

Greillade (n.) Iron ore in coarse powder, prepared for reduction by the Catalan process.

Grenadier (n.) Originaly, a soldier who carried and threw grenades; afterward, one of a company attached to each regiment or battalion, taking post on the right of the

Grenadier (n.) Any marine fish of the genus Macrurus, in which the body and tail taper to a point; they mostly inhabit the deep sea; -- called also onion fish, and rat-tail fish.

Grenadier (n.) A bright-colored South African grosbeak (Pyromelana orix), having the back red and the lower parts black.

Grenadine (n.) A thin gauzelike fabric of silk or wool, for women's wear.

Grenadine (n.) A trade name for a dyestuff, consisting essentially of impure fuchsine.

Greyhound (n.) A slender, graceful breed of dogs, remarkable for keen sight and swiftness. It is one of the oldest varieties known, and is figured on the Egyptian monuments.

Griefless (a.) Without grief.

Grievable (a.) Lamentable.

Grievance (v. t.) A cause of uneasiness and complaint; a wrong done and suffered; that which gives ground for remonstrance or resistance, as arising from injustice, tyranny, etc.; injury.

Grievance (v. t.) Grieving; grief; affliction.

Grimalkin (n.) An old cat, esp. a she-cat.

Griminess (n.) The state of being grimy.

Grindelia (n.) The dried stems and leaves of tarweed (Grindelia), used as a remedy in asthma and bronchitis.

Gripingly (adv.) In a griping or oppressive manner.

Grisaille (n.) Decorative painting in gray monochrome; -- used in English especially for painted glass.

Grisaille (n.) A kind of French fancy dress goods.

Grisamber (n.) Ambergris.

Gristmill (n.) A mill for grinding grain; especially, a mill for grinding grists, or portions of grain brought by different customers; a custom mill.

Gritstone (n.) See Grit, n., 4.

Grizzlies (pl. ) of Grizzly

Groceries (pl. ) of Grocery

Groomsmen (pl. ) of Groomsman

Groomsman (n.) A male attendant of a bridegroom at his wedding; -- the correlative of bridesmaid.

Grosgrain (a.) Of a coarse texture; -- applied to silk with a heavy thread running crosswise.

Grossbeak (n.) See Grosbeak.

Grossness (n.) The state or quality of being gross; thickness; corpulence; coarseness; shamefulness.

Grossular (a.) Pertaining too, or resembling, a gooseberry; as, grossular garnet.

Grossular (a.) A translucent garnet of a pale green color like that of the gooseberry; -- called also grossularite.

Grossulin (n.) A vegetable jelly, resembling pectin, found in gooseberries (Ribes Grossularia) and other fruits.

Grotesgue (a.) Like the figures found in ancient grottoes; grottolike; wildly or strangely formed; whimsical; extravagant; of irregular forms and proportions; fantastic; ludicrous; antic.

Grotesque (n.) A whimsical figure, or scene, such as is found in old crypts and grottoes.

Grotesque (n.) Artificial grotto-work.

Grounding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ground

Groundage (n.) A local tax paid by a ship for the ground or space it occupies while in port.

Grounding (n.) The act, method, or process of laying a groundwork or foundation; hence, elementary instruction; the act or process of applying a ground, as of color, to wall paper, cotton cloth, etc.; a basis.

Groundnut (n.) The fruit of the Arachis hypogaea (native country uncertain); the peanut; the earthnut.

Groundnut (n.) A leguminous, twining plant (Apios tuberosa), producing clusters of dark purple flowers and having a root tuberous and pleasant to the taste.

Groundnut (n.) The dwarf ginseng (Aralia trifolia).

Groundnut (n.) A European plant of the genus Bunium (B. flexuosum), having an edible root of a globular shape and sweet, aromatic taste; -- called also earthnut, earth chestnut, hawknut, and pignut.

Groundsel (v.) An annual composite plant (Senecio vulgaris), one of the most common and widely distributed weeds on the globe.

Groundsel (n.) Alt. of Groundsill

Grouthead (n.) See Growthead.

Grovelled () of Grovel

Groveling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grovel

Groveling (a.) Lying prone; low; debased.

Growthead (n.) A lazy person; a blockhead.

Growthful (a.) Having capacity of growth.

Grudgeful (a.) Full of grudge; envious.

Grudgeons (n. pl.) Alt. of Gurgeons

Grumbling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grumble

Gruntling (n.) A young hog.

Irascible (a.) Prone to anger; easily provoked or inflamed to anger; choleric; irritable; as, an irascible man; an irascible temper or mood.

Iridiated (a.) Iridescent.

Iridizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Iridize


Ironbound (a.) Bound as with iron; rugged; as, an ironbound coast.

Ironbound (a.) Rigid; unyielding; as, ironbound traditions.

Iron-gray (a.) Of a gray color, somewhat resembling that of iron freshly broken.

Iron-gray (n.) An iron-gray color; also, a horse of this color.

Ironheads (n.) A European composite herb (Centaurea nigra); -- so called from the resemblance of its knobbed head to an iron ball fixed on a long handle.

Iron-sick (a.) Having the ironwork loose or corroded; -- said of a ship when her bolts and nails are so eaten with rust that she has become leaky.

Ironsides (n. /) A cuirassier or cuirassiers; also, hardy veteran soldiers; -- applied specifically to Cromwell's cavalry.

Ironsmith (n.) A worker in iron; one who makes and repairs utensils of iron; a blacksmith.

Ironsmith (n.) An East Indian barbet (Megalaima faber), inhabiting the Island of Hainan. The name alludes to its note, which resembles the sounds made by a smith.

Ironstone (n.) A hard, earthy ore of iron.

Irradiant (a.) Irradiating or illuminating; as, the irradiant moon.

Irradiate (v. t.) To throw rays of light upon; to illuminate; to brighten; to adorn with luster.

Irradiate (v. t.) To enlighten intellectually; to illuminate; as, to irradiate the mind.

Irradiate (v. t.) To animate by heat or light.

Irradiate (v. t.) To radiate, shed, or diffuse.

Irradiate (v. i.) To emit rays; to shine.

Irradiate (a.) Illuminated; irradiated.

Irrecured (a.) Incurable.

Irregular (a.) Not regular; not conforming to a law, method, or usage recognized as the general rule; not according to common form; not conformable to nature, to the rules of moral rectitude, or to established principles; not normal; unnatural; immethodical; unsymmetrical; erratic; no straight; not uniform; as, an irregular

Irregular (n.) One who is not regular; especially, a soldier not in regular service.

Irremoval (n.) Absence of removal.

Irrigated (imp. & p. p.) of Irrigate

Irriguous (a.) Watered; watery; moist; dewy.

Irriguous (a.) Gently penetrating or pervading.

Irrisible (a.) Not risible.

Irritable (a.) Capable of being irriated.

Irritable (a.) Very susceptible of anger or passion; easily inflamed or exasperated; as, an irritable temper.

Irritable (a.) Endowed with irritability; susceptible of irritation; capable of being excited to action by the application of certain stimuli.

Irritable (a.) Susceptible of irritation; unduly sensitive to irritants or stimuli. See Irritation, n., 3.

Irritably (adv.) In an irritable manner.

Irritancy (n.) The state or quality of being null and void; invalidity; forfeiture.

Irritancy (n.) The state o quality of being irritant or irritating.

Irritated (imp. & p. p.) of Irritate

Irrorated (imp. & p. p.) of Irrorate

Irruption (n.) A bursting in; a sudden, violent rushing into a place; as, irruptions of the sea.

Irruption (n.) A sudden and violent inroad, or entrance of invaders; as, the irruptions of the Goths into Italy.

Irruptive (a.) Rushing in or upon.

Irvingite (n.) The common designation of one a sect founded by the Rev. Edward Irving (about 1830), who call themselves the Catholic Apostolic Church. They are highly ritualistic in worship, have an elaborate hierarchy of apostles, prophets, etc., and look for the speedy coming of Christ.

Krakowiak (n.) A lively Polish dance. See Cracovienne.

Kreatinin (n.) See Creatinin.

Kritarchy (n.) The rule of the judges over Israel.

Krummhorn (n.) Alt. of Krumhorn

Krupp gun () A breech-loading steel cannon manufactured at the works of Friedrich Krupp, at Essen in Prussia. Guns of over eight-inch bore are made up of several concentric cylinders; those of a smaller size are forged solid.

Oraculous (a.) Oracular; of the nature of an oracle.

Orangeade (n.) A drink made of orange juice and water, corresponding to lemonade; orange sherbet.

Orangeism (n.) Attachment to the principles of the society of Orangemen; the tenets or practices of the Orangemen.

Orangeman (n.) One of a secret society, organized in the north of Ireland in 1795, the professed objects of which are the defense of the regning sovereign of Great Britain, the support of the Protestant religion, the maintenance of the laws of the kingdom, etc.; -- so called in honor of William, Prince of Orange, who became William III. of England.

Oratorial (a.) Oratorical.

Oratorian (a.) Oratorical.

Oratorian (n.) See Fathers of the Oratory, under Oratory.

Oratorize (v. i.) To play the orator.

Oratories (pl. ) of Oratory

Orbicular (a.) Resembling or having the form of an orb; spherical; circular; orbiculate.

Orbitelae (n. pl.) A division of spiders, including those that make geometrical webs, as the garden spider, or Epeira.

Orbituary (a.) Orbital.

Orchester (n.) See Orchestra.

Orchestra (n.) The space in a theater between the stage and the audience; -- originally appropriated by the Greeks to the chorus and its evolutions, afterward by the Romans to persons of distinction, and by the moderns to a band of instrumental musicians.

Orchestra (n.) The place in any public hall appropriated to a band of instrumental musicians.

Orchestra (n.) Loosely: A band of instrumental musicians performing in a theater, concert hall, or other place of public amusement.

Orchestra (n.) Strictly: A band suitable for the performance of symphonies, overtures, etc., as well as for the accompaniment of operas, oratorios, cantatas, masses, and the like, or of vocal and instrumental solos.

Orchestra (n.) A band composed, for the largest part, of players of the various viol instruments, many of each kind, together with a proper complement of wind instruments of wood and brass; -- as distinguished from a military or street band of players on wind instruments, and from an assemblage of solo players for the rendering of concerted pieces, such as septets, octets, and the like.

Orchestra (n.) The instruments employed by a full band, collectively; as, an orchestra of forty stringed instruments, with proper complement of wind instruments.

Orchestre (n.) See Orchestra.

Orchidean (a.) Orchidaceous.

Orchotomy (n.) The operation of cutting out or removing a testicle by the knife; castration.

Ordaining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ordain

Orderable (a.) Capable of being ordered; tractable.

Orderless (a.) Being without order or regularity; disorderly; out of rule.

Orderlies (pl. ) of Orderly

Ordinable (a.) Capable of being ordained or appointed.

Ordinance (n.) Orderly arrangement; preparation; provision.

Ordinance (n.) A rule established by authority; a permanent rule of action; a statute, law, regulation, rescript, or accepted usage; an edict or decree; esp., a local law enacted by a municipal government; as, a municipal ordinance.

Ordinance (n.) An established rite or ceremony.

Ordinance (n.) Rank; order; station.

Ordinance (n.) Ordnance; cannon.

Ordinator (n.) One who ordains or establishes; a director.

Ordonnant (a.) Of or pertaining to ordonnance.

Oreoselin (n.) A white crystal

Organical (a.) Organic.

Organific (a.) Making an organic or organized structure; producing an organism; acting through, or resulting from, organs.

Organista (n.) Any one of several South American wrens, noted for the sweetness of their song.

Organized (imp. & p. p.) of Organize

Organizer (n.) One who organizes.

Organling (n.) A large kind of sea fish; the orgeis.

Organogen (n.) A name given to any one of the four elements, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, which are especially characteristic ingredients of organic compounds; also, by extension, to other elements sometimes found in the same connection; as sulphur, phosphorus, etc.

Organzine (n.) A kind of double thrown silk of very fine texture, that is, silk twisted like a rope with different strands, so as to increase its strength.

Orgiastic (a.) Pertaining to, or of the nature of, orgies.

Orgillous (a.) Proud; haughty.

Oricalche (n.) See Orichalch.

Orichalch (n.) A metallic substance, resembling gold in color, but inferior in value; a mixed metal of the ancients, resembling brass; -- called also aurichalcum, orichalcum, etc.

Orientate (v. t.) To place or turn toward the east; to cause to assume an easterly direction, or to veer eastward.

Orientate (v. t.) To arrange in order; to dispose or place (a body) so as to show its relation to other bodies, or the relation of its parts among themselves.

Orientate (v. i.) To move or turn toward the east; to veer from the north or south toward the east.

Oriflamme (n.) The ancient royal standard of France.

Oriflamme (n.) A standard or ensign, in battle.

Origenism (n.) The opinions of Origen of Alexandria, who lived in the 3d century, one of the most learned of the Greek Fathers. Prominent in his teaching was the doctrine that all created beings, including Satan, will ultimately be saved.

Origenist (n.) A follower of Origen of Alexandria.

Originant (a.) Originating; original.

Originary (a.) Causing existence; productive.

Originary (a.) Primitive; primary; original.

Originate (v. t.) To give an origin or beginning to; to cause to be; to bring into existence; to produce as new.

Originate (v. i.) To take first existence; to have origin or beginning; to begin to exist or act; as, the scheme originated with the governor and council.

Orography (n.) That branch of science which treats of mountains and mountain systems; orology; as, the orography of Western Europe.

Orohippus (n.) A genus of American Eocene mammals allied to the horse, but having four toes in front and three behind.

Orologist (n.) One versed in orology.


Orphaning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Orphan

Orphanage (n.) The state of being an orphan; orphanhood; orphans, collectively.

Orphanage (n.) An institution or asylum for the care of orphans.

Orphanism (n.) Orphanhood.

Orpharion (n.) An old instrument of the lute or cittern kind.


Orthodome (n.) See the Note under Dome, 4.

Orthodoxy (n.) Soundness of faith; a belief in the doctrines taught in the Scriptures, or in some established standard of faith; -- opposed to heterodoxy or to heresy.

Orthodoxy (n.) Consonance to genuine Scriptural doctrines; -- said of moral doctrines and beliefs; as, the orthodoxy of a creed.

Orthodoxy (n.) By extension, said of any correct doctrine or belief.

Orthoepic (a.) Alt. of Orthoepical

Orthogamy (n.) Direct fertilization in plants, as when the pollen fertilizing the ovules comes from the stamens of the same blossom; -- opposed to heterogamy.

Orthology (n.) The right description of things.

Orthopedy (n.) The art or practice of curing the deformities of children, or, by extension, any deformities of the human body.

Orthopn/a (n.) Alt. of Orthopny

Orthopoda (n. pl.) An extinct order of reptiles which stood erect on the hind legs, and resembled birds in the structure of the feet, pelvis, and other parts.

Orthotomy (n.) The property of cutting at right angles.

Orthotone (a.) Retaining the accent; not enclitic; -- said of certain indefinite pronouns and adverbs when used interrogatively, which, when not so used, are ordinarilly enclitic.

Practical (a.) Of or pertaining to pr

Practical (a.) Capable of being turned to use or account; useful, in distinction from ideal or theoretical; as, practical chemistry.

Practical (a.) Evincing practice or skill; capable of applying knowledge to some useful end; as, a practical man; a practical mind.

Practical (a.) Derived from practice; as, practical skill.

Practiced (imp. & p. p.) of Practice

Practiced (a.) Experienced; expert; skilled; as, a practiced marksman.

Practiced (a.) Used habitually; learned by practice.

Practicer (n.) One who practices, or puts in practice; one who customarily performs certain acts.

Practicer (n.) One who exercises a profession; a practitioner.

Practicer (n.) One who uses art or stratagem.

Praecoces (n. pl.) A division of birds including those whose young are able to run about when first hatched.

Praecornu (n.) The anterior horn of each lateral ventricle of the brain.

Praemolar (a.) See Premolar.

Praemorse (a.) Same as Premorse.

Praemnire (v. t.) The subject to the penalties of praemunire.

Praenares (n. pl.) The anterior nares. See Nares.

Praenasal (a.) Same as Prenasal.

Praenomen (n.) The first name of a person, by which individuals of the same family were distinguished, answering to our Christian name, as Caius, Lucius, Marcus, etc.

Praetexta (n.) A white robe with a purple border, worn by a Roman boy before he was entitled to wear the toga virilis, or until about the completion of his fourteenth year, and by girls until their marriage. It was also worn by magistrates and priests.

Praetores (n. pl.) A division of butterflies including the satyrs.

Pragmatic (a.) Alt. of Pragmatical

Pragmatic (n.) One skilled in affairs.

Pragmatic (n.) A solemn public ordinance or decree.

Praisable (a.) Fit to be praised; praise-worthy; laudable; commendable.

Praisably (adv.) In a praisable manner.

Praiseful (a.) Praiseworthy.

Praiseful (a.) Praiseworthy.

Prakritic (a.) Pertaining to Prakrit.

Prasinous (a.) Grass-green; clear, lively green, without any mixture.

Pratingly (adv.) With idle talk; with loquacity.

Prattling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prattle

Prayerful (a.) Given to prayer; praying much or often; devotional.

Prayingly (adv.) With supplication to God.

Preaching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preach

Preachify (v. i.) To discourse in the manner of a preacher.

Preaching (n.) The act of delivering a religious discourse; the art of sermonizing; also, a sermon; a public religious discourse; serious, earnest advice.

Preachmen (pl. ) of Preachman

Preachman (n.) A preacher; -- so called in contempt.

Preaction (n.) Previous action.

Preadamic (a.) Prior to Adam.

Preaortic (a.) In front, or on the ventral side, of the aorta.

Preataxic (a.) Occurring before the symptom ataxia has developed; -- applied to the early symptoms of locomotor ataxia.

Prebendal (a.) Of or pertaining to a prebend; holding a prebend; as, a prebendal priest or stall.

Precation (n.) The act of praying; supplication; entreaty.

Preceding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Precede

Precedent (a.) Going before; anterior; preceding; antecedent; as, precedent services.

Precedent (n.) Something done or said that may serve as an example to authorize a subsequent act of the same kind; an authoritative example.

Precedent (n.) A preceding circumstance or condition; an antecedent; hence, a prognostic; a token; a sign.

Precedent (n.) A rough draught of a writing which precedes a finished copy.

Precedent (n.) A judicial decision which serves as a rule for future determinations in similar or analogous cases; an authority to be followed in courts of justice; forms of proceeding to be followed in similar cases.

Preceding (a.) Going before; -- opposed to following.

Preceding (a.) In the direction toward which stars appear to move. See Following, 2.

Precentor (n.) A leader of a choir; a directing singer.

Precentor (n.) The leader of the choir in a cathedral; -- called also the chanter or master of the choir.

Precentor (n.) The leader of the congregational singing in Scottish and other churches.

Preceptor (n.) One who gives commands, or makes rules; specifically, the master or principal of a school; a teacher; an instructor.

Preceptor (n.) The head of a preceptory among the Knights Templars.

Precessor (n.) A predecessor.

Precipice (n.) A sudden or headlong fall.

Precipice (n.) A headlong steep; a very steep, perpendicular, or overhanging place; an abrupt declivity; a cliff.

Precisian (n.) One who limits, or restrains.

Precisian (n.) An overprecise person; one rigidly or ceremoniously exact in the observance of rules; a formalist; -- formerly applied to the English Puritans.

Precision (n.) The quality or state of being precise; exact limitation; exactness; accuracy; strict conformity to a rule or a standard; definiteness.

Precisive (a.) Cutting off; (Logic) exactly limiting by cutting off all that is not absolutely relative to the purpose; as, precisive censure; precisive abstraction.

Precluded (imp. & p. p.) of Preclude

Precocity (n.) The quality or state of being precocious; untimely ripeness; premature development, especially of the mental powers; forwardness.

Preconize (v. t.) To approve by preconization.

Precrural (a.) Situated in front of the leg or thigh; as, the precrural glands of the horse.

Precurrer (n.) A precursor.

Precursor (n.) One who, or that which, precedes an event, and indicates its approach; a forerunner; a harbinger.

Predacean (n.) A carnivorous animal.

Predation (n.) The act of pillaging.

Predatory (a.) Characterized by plundering; practicing rapine; plundering; pillaging; as, a predatory excursion; a predatory party.

Predatory (a.) Hungry; ravenous; as, predatory spirits.

Predatory (a.) Living by preying upon other animals; carnivorous.

Predefine (v. t.) To define beforehand.

Predesign (v. t.) To design or purpose beforehand; to predetermine.

Predicant (a.) Predicating; affirming; declaring; proclaiming; hence; preaching.

Predicant (n.) One who predicates, affirms, or proclaims; specifically, a preaching friar; a Dominican.

Predicate (v. t.) To assert to belong to something; to affirm (one thing of another); as, to predicate whiteness of snow.

Predicate (v. t.) To found; to base.

Predicate (v. i.) To affirm something of another thing; to make an affirmation.

Predicate (v. t.) That which is affirmed or denied of the subject. In these propositions, "Paper is white," "Ink is not white," whiteness is the predicate affirmed of paper and denied of ink.

Predicate (v. t.) The word or words in a proposition which express what is affirmed of the subject.

Predicate (a.) Predicated.

Predicted (imp. & p. p.) of Predict

Predictor (n.) One who predicts; a foreteller.

Predigest (v. t.) To subject (food) to predigestion or artificial digestion.

Predilect (v. t.) To elect or choose beforehand.

Predorsal (a.) Situated in front of the back; immediately in front, or on the ventral side the dorsal part of the vertebral column.

Preemploy (v. t.) To employ beforehand.

Preempted (imp. & p. p.) of Preempt

Preengage (v. t.) To engage by previous contract; to bind or attach previously; to preoccupy.

Prefacing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preface

Prefatory (a.) Pertaining to, or of the nature of, a preface; introductory to a book, essay, or discourse; as, prefatory remarks.

Preferred (imp. & p. p.) of Prefer

Preferrer (n.) One who prefers.

Prefident (a.) Trusting beforehand; hence, overconfident.

Prefigure (v. t.) To show, suggest, or announce, by antecedent types and similitudes; to foreshadow.

Prefinite (a.) Prearranged.

Prefixing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prefix

Prefixion (n.) The act of prefixing.

Pregnable (a.) Capable of being entered, taken, or captured; expugnable; as, a pregnable fort.

Pregnance (n.) Pregnancy.

Pregnancy (n.) The condition of being pregnant; the state of being with young.

Pregnancy (n.) Figuratively: The quality of being heavy with important contents, issue, significance, etc.; unusual consequence or capacity; fertility.

Prehallux (n.) An extra first toe, or rudiment of a toe, on the preaxial side of the hallux.

Prehnitic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, a tetrabasic acid of benzene obtained as a white crystal

Prejudged (imp. & p. p.) of Prejudge

Prejudice (n.) Foresight.

Prejudice (n.) An opinion or judgment formed without due examination; prejudgment; a leaning toward one side of a question from other considerations than those belonging to it; an unreasonable predilection for, or objection against, anything; especially, an opinion or leaning adverse to anything, without just grounds, or before sufficient knowledge.

Prejudice (n.) A bias on the part of judge, juror, or witness which interferes with fairness of judgment.

Prejudice (n.) Mischief; hurt; damage; injury; detriment.

Prejudice (n.) To cause to have prejudice; to prepossess with opinions formed without due knowledge or examination; to bias the mind of, by hasty and incorrect notions; to give an unreasonable bent to, as to one side or the other of a cause; as, to prejudice a critic or a juryman.

Prejudice (n.) To obstruct or injure by prejudices, or by previous bias of the mind; hence, generally, to hurt; to damage; to injure; to impair; as, to prejudice a good cause.

Prelacies (pl. ) of Prelacy

Prelatess (n.) A woman who is a prelate; the wife of a prelate.

Prelatial (a.) Prelatical.

Prelation (n.) The setting of one above another; preference.

Prelatism (n.) Prelacy; episcopacy.

Prelatist (n.) One who supports of advocates prelacy, or the government of the church by prelates; hence, a high-churchman.

Prelatize (v. t.) To bring under the influence of prelacy.

Prelatize (v. i.) To uphold or encourage prelacy; to exercise prelatical functions.

Prelature (n.) Alt. of Prelatureship

Prelected (imp. & p. p.) of Prelect

Prelector (n.) A reader of lectures or discourses; a lecturer.

Preluding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prelude

Preludial (a.) Of or pertaining to a prelude; of the nature of a prelude; introductory.

Prelumbar (a.) Situated immediately in front of the loins; -- applied to the dorsal part of the abdomen.

Prelusive (a.) Of the nature of a prelude; introductory; indicating that something of a like kind is to follow.

Prelusory (a.) Introductory; prelusive.

Premature (a.) Mature or ripe before the proper time; as, the premature fruits of a hotbed.

Premature (a.) Happening, arriving, existing, or performed before the proper or usual time; adopted too soon; too early; untimely; as, a premature fall of snow; a premature birth; a premature opinion; premature decay.

Premature (a.) Arriving or received without due authentication or evidence; as, a premature report.

Premising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Premise

Premonish (v. t.) To forewarn; to admonish beforehand.

Premosaic (a.) Relating to the time before Moses; as, premosaic history.

Premotion (n.) Previous motion or excitement to action.

Premunire (n.) See Praemunire.

Premunite (v. t.) To fortify beforehand; to guard against objection.

Prenostic (n.) A prognostic; an omen.

Prenotion (n.) A notice or notion which precedes something else in time; previous notion or thought; foreknowledge.

Preobtain (v. t.) To obtain beforehand.

Preoccupy (v. t.) To take possession of before another; as, to preoccupy a country not before held.

Preoccupy (v. t.) To prepossess; to engage, occupy, or engross the attention of, beforehand; hence, to prejudice.

Preocular (a.) Placed just in front of the eyes, as the antennae of certain insects.

Preocular (n.) One of the scales just in front of the eye of a reptile or fish.

Preoption (n.) Right of first choice.

Preordain (v. t.) To ordain or appoint beforehand: to predetermine: to foreordain.

Preparing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prepare

Prepaying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prepay

Prepenial (a.) Situated in front of, or anterior to, the penis.

Preponder (v. t.) To preponderate.

Prepostor (n.) See Prepositor.

Prepotent (a.) Very powerful; superior in force, influence, or authority; predominant.

Prepotent (a.) Characterized by prepotency.

Preputial (a.) Of or pertaining to the prepuce.

Preremote (a.) More remote in previous time or prior order.

Presaging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Presage

Presbyope (n.) One who has presbyopia; a farsighted person.

Presbyopy (n.) See Presbyopia.

Presbyter (n.) An elder in the early Christian church. See 2d Citation under Bishop, n., 1.

Presbyter (n.) One ordained to the second order in the ministry; -- called also priest.

Presbyter (n.) A member of a presbytery whether lay or clerical.

Presbyter (n.) A Presbyterian.

Presbytia (n.) Presbyopia.

Presbytic (a.) Same as Presbyopic.

Prescient (a.) Having knowledge of coming events; foreseeing; conscious beforehand.

Prescribe (v. t.) To lay down authoritatively as a guide, direction, or rule of action; to impose as a peremptory order; to dictate; to appoint; to direct.

Prescribe (v. t.) To direct, as a remedy to be used by a patient; as, the doctor prescribed quinine.

Prescribe (v. i.) To give directions; to dictate.

Prescribe (v. i.) To influence by long use

Prescribe (v. i.) To write or to give medical directions; to indicate remedies; as, to prescribe for a patient in a fever.

Prescribe (v. i.) To claim by prescription; to claim a title to a thing on the ground of immemorial use and enjoyment, that is, by a custom having the force of law.

Prescript (a.) Directed; prescribed.

Prescript (n.) Direction; precept; model prescribed.

Prescript (n.) A medical prescription.

Prescutum (n.) The first of the four pieces composing the dorsal part, or tergum, of a thoracic segment of an insect. It is usually small and inconspicuous.

Preseance (n.) Priority of place in sitting.

Preselect (v. t.) To select beforehand.

Presented (imp. & p. p.) of Present

Presentee (v. t.) One to whom something is presented; also, one who is presented; specifically (Eccl.), one presented to benefice.

Presenter (n.) One who presents.

Presently (adv.) At present; at this time; now.

Presently (adv.) At once; without delay; forthwith; also, less definitely, soon; shortly; before long; after a little while; by and by.

Presently (adv.) With actual presence; actually .

Preserved (imp. & p. p.) of Preserve

Preserver (n.) One who, or that which, preserves, saves, or defends, from destruction, injury, or decay; esp., one who saves the life or character of another.

Preserver (n.) One who makes preserves of fruit.

Presiding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preside

President (n.) Precedent.

President (a.) Occupying the first rank or chief place; having the highest authority; presiding.

President (n.) One who is elected or appointed to preside; a presiding officer, as of a legislative body.

President (n.) The chief officer of a corporation, company, institution, society, or the like.

President (n.) The chief executive officer of the government in certain republics; as, the president of the United States.

President (n.) A protector; a guardian; a presiding genius.

Presidial (a.) Alt. of Presidiary

Presidary (n.) A guard.

Presiding () a. & n. from Preside.

Prespinal (a.) Prevertebral.

Pressgang (n.) See Press gang, under Press.

Presspack (v. t.) To pack, or prepare for packing, by means of a press.

Presswork (n.) The art of printing from the surface of type, plates, or engravings in relief, by means of a press; the work so done.

Prestable (a.) Payable.

Presultor (n.) A leader in the dance.

Presuming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Presume

Pretended (imp. & p. p.) of Pretend

Pretended (a.) Making a false appearance; unreal; false; as, pretended friend.

Pretender (n.) One who lays claim, or asserts a title (to something); a claimant.

Pretender (n.) The pretender (Eng. Hist.), the son or the grandson of James II., the heir of the royal family of Stuart, who laid claim to the throne of Great Britain, from which the house was excluded by law.

Pretender (n.) One who pretends, simulates, or feigns.

Pretensed (a.) Pretended; feigned.

Preterist (n.) One whose chief interest is in the past; one who regards the past with most pleasure or favor.

Preterist (n.) One who believes the prophecies of the Apocalypse to have been already fulfilled.

Preterite (a. & n.) Same as Preterit.

Pretermit (v. t.) To pass by; to omit; to disregard.

Pretibial (a.) Situated in front of the tibia.

Pretorial (a.) Pretorian.

Pretorian (a.) Of or pertaining to a pretor or magistrate; judicial; exercised by, or belonging to, a pretor; as, pretorian power or authority.

Pretorian (n.) A soldier of the pretorian guard.

Pretorium (n.) The general's tent in a Roman camp; hence, a council of war, because held in the general's tent.

Pretorium (n.) The official residence of a governor of a province; hence, a place; a splendid country seat.

Prettyish (a.) Somewhat pretty.

Prettyism (n.) Affectation of a pretty style, manner, etc.

Pretypify (v. t.) To prefigure; to exhibit previously in a type.

Prevailed (imp. & p. p.) of Prevail

Prevalent (a.) Gaining advantage or superiority; having superior force, influence, or efficacy; prevailing; predominant; successful; victorious.

Prevalent (a.) Most generally received or current; most widely adopted or practiced; also, generally or extensively existing; widespread; prevailing; as, a prevalent observance; prevalent disease.

Prevented (imp. & p. p.) of Prevent

Preventer (n.) One who goes before; one who forestalls or anticipates another.

Preventer (n.) One who prevents or obstructs; a hinderer; that which hinders; as, a preventer of evils or of disease.

Preventer (n.) An auxiliary rope to strengthen a mast.

Prevision (n.) Foresight; foreknowledge; prescience.

Prevoyant (a.) Foreseeing; prescient.

Prewarned (imp. & p. p.) of Prewarn

Pricasour (n.) A hard rider.

Priceless (a.) Too valuable to admit of being appraised; of inestimable worth; invaluable.

Priceless (a.) Of no value; worthless.

Prickling (a.) Prickly.

Pricksong (v. t.) Music written, or noted, with dots or points; -- so called from the points or dots with which it is noted down.

Prickwood (n.) A shrub (Euonymus Europaeus); -- so named from the use of its wood for goads, skewers, and shoe pegs. Called also spindle tree.

Prideless (a.) Without pride.

Pridingly (adv.) Proudly.

Priestcap (n.) A form of redan, so named from its shape; -- called also swallowtail.

Priestery (n.) Priests, collectively; the priesthood; -- so called in contempt.

Priestess (n.) A woman who officiated in sacred rites among pagans.

Priesting (n.) The office of a priest.

Priestism (n.) The influence, doctrines, principles, etc., of priests or the priesthood.

Primality (n.) The quality or state of being primal.

Primarily (adv.) In a primary manner; in the first place; in the first place; in the first intention; originally.

Primaries (pl. ) of Primary

Primatial (a.) Primatical.

Primeness (n.) The quality or state of being first.

Primeness (n.) The quality or state of being prime, or excellent.

Primerole (n.) See Primrose.

Primevous (a.) Primeval.

Primipara (n.) A woman who bears a child for the first time.

Primitiae (pl. ) of Primitia

Primitias (pl. ) of Primitia

Primitial (a.) Being of the first production; primitive; original.

Primitive (a.) Of or pertaining to the beginning or origin, or to early times; original; primordial; primeval; first; as, primitive innocence; the primitive church.

Primitive (a.) Of or pertaining to a former time; old-fashioned; characterized by simplicity; as, a primitive style of dress.

Primitive (a.) Original; primary; radical; not derived; as, primitive verb in grammar.

Primitive (n.) An original or primary word; a word not derived from another; -- opposed to derivative.

Princedom (n.) The jurisdiction, sovereignty, rank, or estate of a prince.

Princekin (n.) A petty prince; a princeling.

Princelet (n.) A petty prince.

Princesse (a.) A term applied to a lady's long, close-fitting dress made with waist and skirt in one.

Principal (a.) Highest in rank, authority, character, importance, or degree; most considerable or important; chief; main; as, the principal officers of a Government; the principal men of a state; the principal productions of a country; the principal arguments in a case.

Principal (a.) Of or pertaining to a prince; princely.

Principal (n.) A leader, chief, or head; one who takes the lead; one who acts independently, or who has controlling authority or influence; as, the principal of a faction, a school, a firm, etc.; -- distinguished from a subordinate, abettor, auxiliary, or assistant.

Principal (n.) The chief actor in a crime, or an abettor who is present at it, -- as distinguished from an accessory.

Principal (n.) A chief obligor, promisor, or debtor, -- as distinguished from a surety.

Principal (n.) One who employs another to act for him, -- as distinguished from an agent.

Principal (n.) A thing of chief or prime importance; something fundamental or especially conspicuous.

Principal (n.) A capital sum of money, placed out at interest, due as a debt or used as a fund; -- so called in distinction from interest or profit.

Principal (n.) The construction which gives shape and strength to a roof, -- generally a truss of timber or iron, but there are roofs with stone principals. Also, loosely, the most important member of a piece of framing.

Principal (n.) In English organs the chief open metallic stop, an octave above the open diapason. On the manual it is four feet long, on the pedal eight feet. In Germany this term corresponds to the English open diapason.

Principal (n.) A heirloom; a mortuary.

Principal (n.) The first two long feathers of a hawk's wing.

Principal (n.) One of turrets or pinnacles of waxwork and tapers with which the posts and center of a funeral hearse were formerly crowned.

Principal (n.) A principal or essential point or rule; a principle.

Principia (n. pl.) First principles; fundamental beginnings; elements; as. Newton's Principia.

Principle (n.) Beginning; commencement.

Principle (n.) A source, or origin; that from which anything proceeds; fundamental substance or energy; primordial substance; ultimate element, or cause.

Principle (n.) An original faculty or endowment.

Principle (n.) A fundamental truth; a comprehensive law or doctrine, from which others are derived, or on which others are founded; a general truth; an elementary proposition; a maxim; an axiom; a postulate.

Principle (n.) A settled rule of action; a governing law of conduct; an opinion or belief which exercises a directing influence on the life and behavior; a rule (usually, a right rule) of conduct consistently directing one's actions; as, a person of no principle.

Principle (n.) Any original inherent constituent which characterizes a substance, or gives it its essential properties, and which can usually be separated by analysis; -- applied especially to drugs, plant extracts, etc.

Principle (v. t.) To equip with principles; to establish, or fix, in certain principles; to impress with any tenet, or rule of conduct, good or ill.

Printless (a.) Making no imprint.

Printless (a.) Making no imprint.

Printshop (n.) A shop where prints are sold.

Priorship (n.) The state or office of prior; priorate.

Prismatic (a.) Alt. of Prismatical

Prisoning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prison

Privacies (pl. ) of Privacy

Privateer (n.) An armed private vessel which bears the commission of the sovereign power to cruise against the enemy. See Letters of marque, under Marque.

Privateer (n.) The commander of a privateer.

Privateer (v. i.) To cruise in a privateer.

Privately (adv.) In a private manner; not openly; without the presence of others.

Privately (adv.) In a manner affecting an individual; personally not officially; as, he is not privately benefited.

Privation (n.) The act of depriving, or taking away; hence, the depriving of rank or office; degradation in rank; deprivation.

Privation (n.) The state of being deprived or destitute of something, especially of something required or desired; destitution; need; as, to undergo severe privations.

Privation (n.) The condition of being absent; absence; negation.

Privative (a.) Causing privation; depriving.

Privative (a.) Consisting in the absence of something; not positive; negative.

Privative (a.) Implying privation or negation; giving a negative force to a word; as, alpha privative; privative particles; -- applied to such prefixes and suffixes as a- (Gr. /), un-, non-, -less.

Privative (n.) That of which the essence is the absence of something.

Privative (n.) A term indicating the absence of any quality which might be naturally or rationally expected; -- called also privative term.

Privative (n.) A privative prefix or suffix. See Privative, a., 3.

Privilege (n.) A peculiar benefit, advantage, or favor; a right or immunity not enjoyed by others or by all; special enjoyment of a good, or exemption from an evil or burden; a prerogative; advantage; franchise.

Privilege (n.) See Call, Put, Spread, etc.

Privilege (v. t.) To grant some particular right or exemption to; to invest with a peculiar right or immunity; to authorize; as, to privilege representatives from arrest.

Privilege (v. t.) To bring or put into a condition of privilege or exemption from evil or danger; to exempt; to deliver.

Privities (pl. ) of Privity

Probality (n.) Probability.

Probation (n.) The act of proving; also, that which proves anything; proof.

Probation (n.) Any proceeding designed to ascertain truth, to determine character, qualification, etc.; examination; trial; as, to engage a person on probation.

Probation (n.) The novitiate which a person must pass in a convent, to probe his or her virtue and ability to bear the severities of the rule.

Probation (n.) The trial of a ministerial candidate's qualifications prior to his ordination, or to his settlement as a pastor.

Probation (n.) Moral trial; the state of man in the present life, in which he has the opportunity of proving his character, and becoming qualified for a happier state.

Probative (a.) Serving for trial or proof; probationary; as, probative judgments; probative evidence.

Probatory (a.) Serving for trial; probationary.

Probatory (a.) Pertaining to, or serving for, proof.

Probeagle (n.) See Porbeagle.

Proboscis (n.) A hollow organ or tube attached to the head, or connected with the mouth, of various animals, and generally used in taking food or drink; a snout; a trunk.

Proboscis (n.) By extension, applied to various tubelike mouth organs of the lower animals that can be everted or protruded.

Proboscis (n.) The nose.

Procacity (n.) Forwardness; pertness; petulance.

Procedure (n.) The act or manner of proceeding or moving forward; progress; process; operation; conduct.

Procedure (n.) A step taken; an act performed; a proceeding; the steps taken in an action or other legal proceeding.

Procedure (n.) That which results; issue; product.

Proceeded (imp. & p. p.) of Proceed

Proceeder (n.) One who proceeds.

Procerite (n.) The segment next to the flagellum of the antennae of Crustacea.

Procerity (n.) Height of stature; tallness.

Proclitic (a.) Leaning forward; -- said of certain monosyllabic words which are so closely attached to the following word as not to have a separate accent.

Procoelia (n.) Same as Procoele.

Procoelia (n. pl.) A division of Crocodilia, including the true crocodiles and alligators, in which the dorsal vertebrae are concave in front.

Proconsul (n.) An officer who discharged the duties of a consul without being himself consul; a governor of, or a military commander in, a province. He was usually one who had previously been consul.

Procreant (a.) Generating; producing; productive; fruitful; assisting in procreation.

Procreant (n.) One who, or that which, procreates.

Procreate (v. t.) To generate and produce; to beget; to engender.

Proctitis (n.) Inflammation of the rectum.

Proctucha (n. pl.) A division of Turbellaria including those that have an intestine terminating posteriorly.

Proctucha (n. pl.) The Nemertina.

Procuracy (n.) The office or act of a proctor or procurator; management for another.

Procuracy (n.) Authority to act for another; a proxy.

Procuring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Procure

Procuress (n.) A female procurer, or pander.

Prodigate (v. t.) To squander.

Prodigies (pl. ) of Prodigy

Prodition (n.) Disclosure; treachery; treason.

Proditory (a.) Treacherous.

Prodromal (a.) Of or pertaining to prodromes; as, the prodromal stage of a disease.

Prodromus (n.) A prodrome.

Prodromus (n.) A preliminary course or publication; -- used esp. in the titles of elementary works.

Producing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Produce

Producent (n.) One who produces, or offers to notice.

Productus (n.) An extinct genus of brachiopods, very characteristic of the Carboniferous rocks.

Proembryo (n.) The series of cells formed in the ovule of a flowering plant after fertilization, but before the formation of the embryo.

Proembryo (n.) The primary growth from the spore in certain cryptogamous plants; as, the proembryo, or protonema, of mosses.

Profanate (v. t.) To profane.

Profaning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Profane

Profanely (adv.) In a profane manner.

Profanity (n.) The quality or state of being profane; profaneness; irreverence; esp., the use of profane language; blasphemy.

Profanity (n.) That which is profane; profane language or acts.

Professed (imp. & p. p.) of Profess

Provessel (a.) Openly declared, avowed, acknowledged, or claimed; as, a professed foe; a professed tyrant; a professed Christian.

Professor (n.) One who professed, or makes open declaration of, his sentiments or opinions; especially, one who makes a public avowal of his belief in the Scriptures and his faith in Christ, and thus unites himself to the visible church.

Professor (n.) One who professed, or publicly teaches, any science or branch of learning; especially, an officer in a university, college, or other seminary, whose business it is to read lectures, or instruct students, in a particular branch of learning; as a professor of theology, of botany, of mathematics, or of political economy.

Proffered (imp. & p. p.) of Proffer

Profferer (n.) One who proffers something.

Profiling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Profile

Profiling (n.) In the construction of fieldworks, the erection at proper intervals of wooden profiles, to show to the workmen the sectional form of the parapets at those points.

Profilist (n.) One who takes profiles.

Profiting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Profit

Profiting (n.) Gain; advantage; profit.

Profluent (a.) Flowing forward,

Profusely (adv.) In a profuse manner.

Profusion (n.) The act of one who is profuse; a lavishing or pouring out without sting.

Profusion (n.) Abundance; exuberant plenty; lavish supply; as, a profusion of commodities.

Profusive (a.) Profuse; lavish; prodigal.

Prognathi (n. pl.) A comprehensive group of mankind, including those that have prognathous jaws.

Prognosis (n.) The act or art of foretelling the course and termination of a disease; also, the outlook afforded by this act of judgment; as, the prognosis of hydrophobia is bad.

Programma (n.) Any law, which, after it had passed the Athenian senate, was fixed on a tablet for public inspection previously to its being proposed to the general assembly of the people.

Programma (n.) An edict published for public information; an official bulletin; a public proclamation.

Programma (n.) See Programme.

Programma (n.) A preface.

Programme (n.) That which is written or printed as a public notice or advertisement; a scheme; a prospectus; especially, a brief out

Projected (imp. & p. p.) of Project

Projector (n.) One who projects a scheme or design; hence, one who forms fanciful or chimerical schemes.

Prolapsus (n.) Prolapse.

Prolation (n.) The act of prolating or pronouncing; utterance; pronunciation.

Prolation (n.) The act of deferring; delay.

Prolation (n.) A mediaeval method of determining of the proportionate duration of semibreves and minims.

Prolegate (n.) The deputy or substitute for a legate.

Prolepsis (n.) A figure by which objections are anticipated or prevented.

Prolepsis (n.) A necessary truth or assumption; a first or assumed principle.

Prolepsis (n.) An error in chronology, consisting in an event being dated before the actual time.

Prolepsis (n.) The application of an adjective to a noun in anticipation, or to denote the result, of the action of the verb; as, to strike one dumb.

Proleptic (a.) Alt. of Proleptical

Proletary (n.) A citizen of the lowest class, who served the state, not with property, but only by having children; hence, a common person.

Prolicide (n.) The crime of destroying one's offspring, either in the womb or after birth.

Prolixity (n.) The quality or state of being prolix; great length; minute detail; as, prolixity in discourses and writings.

Prologize (v. i.) To deliver a Prologue.

Prologued (imp. & p. p.) of Prologue

Prolonged (imp. & p. p.) of Prolong

Prolonger (n.) One who, or that which, causes an extension in time or space.

Prolusion (n.) A trial before the principal performance; a prelude; hence, an introductory essay or exercise.

Promenade (n.) A walk for pleasure, display, or exercise.

Promenade (n.) A place for walking; a public walk.

Promenade (v. i.) To walk for pleasure, display, or exercise.

Promerops (n.) Any one of several species of very brilliant birds belonging to Promerops, Epimarchus, and allied genera, closely related to the paradise birds, and mostly native of New Guinea. They have a long curved beak and a long graduated tail.

Promethea (n.) A large American bombycid moth (Callosamia promethea). Its larva feeds on the sassafras, wild cherry, and other trees, and suspends its cocoon from a branch by a silken band.

Prominent (a.) Standing out, or projecting, beyond the

Prominent (a.) Hence; Distinctly manifest; likely to attract attention from its size or position; conspicuous; as, a prominent feature of the face; a prominent building.

Prominent (a.) Eminent; distinguished above others; as, a prominent character.

Promising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Promise

Promising (a.) Making a promise or promises; affording hope or assurance; as, promising person; a promising day.

Promoting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Promote

Promotive (a.) Tending to advance, promote, or encourage.

Prompting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prompt

Prompture (a.) Suggestion; incitement; prompting.

Promulged (imp. & p. p.) of Promulge

Promulger (n.) One who promulges or publishes what was before unknown.

Promuscis (n.) The proboscis of hemipterous insects. See Illust. under Hemiptera.

Pronation (n.) The act of turning the palm or palmar surface of the forefoot downward.

Pronation (n.) That motion of the forearm whereby the palm or palmar, surface is turned downward.

Pronation (n.) The position of the limb resulting from the act of pronation. Opposed to supination.

Proneness (n.) The quality or state of being prone, or of bending downward; as, the proneness of beasts is opposed to the erectness of man.

Proneness (n.) The state of lying with the face down; -- opposed to supineness.

Proneness (n.) Descent; declivity; as, the proneness of a hill.

Proneness (n.) Inclination of mind, heart, or temper; propension; disposition; as, proneness to self-gratification.

Prongbuck (n.) The springbuck.

Prongbuck (n.) The pronghorn.

Prong-hoe (n.) A hoe with prongs to break the earth.

Pronghorn (n.) An American antelope (Antilocapra Americana), native of the plain near the Rocky Mountains. The upper parts are mostly yellowish brown; the under parts, the sides of the head and throat, and the buttocks, are white. The horny sheath of the horns is shed annually. Called also cabree, cabut, prongbuck, and pronghorned antelope.

Pronotary (n.) See Prothonotary.

Pronounce (v. t.) To utter articulately; to speak out or distinctly; to utter, as words or syllables; to speak with the proper sound and accent as, adults rarely learn to pronounce a foreign language correctly.

Pronounce (v. t.) To utter officially or solemnly; to deliver, as a decree or sentence; as, to pronounce sentence of death.

Pronounce (v. t.) To speak or utter rhetorically; to deliver; to recite; as, to pronounce an oration.

Pronounce (v. t.) To declare or affirm; as, he pronounced the book to be a libel; he pronounced the act to be a fraud.

Pronounce (v. i.) To give a pronunciation; to articulate; as, to pronounce faultlessly.

Pronounce (v. i.) To make declaration; to utter on opinion; to speak with confidence.

Pronounce (n.) Pronouncement; declaration; pronunciation.

Pronubial (a.) Presiding over marriage.

Pronuclei (pl. ) of Pronucleus

Proof-arm (v. t.) To arm with proof armor; to arm securely; as, to proof-arm herself.

Proofless (a.) Wanting sufficient evidence to induce belief; not proved.

Propagate (v. t.) To cause to continue or multiply by generation, or successive production; -- applied to animals and plants; as, to propagate a breed of horses or sheep; to propagate a species of fruit tree.

Propagate (v. t.) To cause to spread to extend; to impel or continue forward in space; as, to propagate sound or light.

Propagate (v. t.) To spread from person to person; to extend the knowledge of; to originate and spread; to carry from place to place; to disseminate; as, to propagate a story or report; to propagate the Christian religion.

Propagate (v. t.) To multiply; to increase.

Propagate (v. t.) To generate; to produce.

Propagate (v. i.) To have young or issue; to be produced or multiplied by generation, or by new shoots or plants; as, rabbits propagate rapidly.

Propagula (pl. ) of Propagulum

Propargyl (n.) Same as Propinyl.

Propelled (imp. & p. p.) of Propel

Propeller (n.) One who, or that which, propels.

Propeller (n.) A contrivance for propelling a steam vessel, usually consisting of a screw placed in the stern under water, and made to revolve by an engine; a propeller wheel.

Propeller (n.) A steamboat thus propelled; a screw steamer.

Propepsin (n.) See Persinogen.

Properate (v. t. & i.) To hasten, or press forward.

Prophasis (n.) Foreknowledge of a disease; prognosis.

Prophetic (a.) Alt. of Prophetical

Prophoric (a.) Enunciative.

Propidene (n.) The unsymmetrical hypothetical hydrocarbon radical, CH3.CH2.CH, analogous to ethylidene, and regarded as the type of certain derivatives of propane; -- called also propylidene.

Propiolic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an organic acid (called also propargylic acid) of the acetylene or tetrolic series, analogous to propionic acid, and obtained as a white crystal

Propionic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or designating, an organic acid which is produced in the distillation of wood, in the fermentation of various organic substances, as glycerin, calcium lactate, etc., and is obtained as a colorless liquid having a sharp, pungent odor. Propionic acid is so called because it is the first or lowest member of the fatty acid series whose salts have a fatty feel.

Propionyl (n.) The hypothetical radical C3H5O, regarded as the essential residue of propionic acid and certain related compounds.

Propodial (a.) Of or pertaining to the propodialia, or the parts of the limbs to which they belong.

Propodite (n.) The sixth joint of a typical leg of a crustacean; usually, the penultimate joint.

Propodium (n.) The anterior portion of the foot of a mollusk.

Propodium (n.) The segment which forms the posterior part of the thorax of a hymenopterous insect.

Proponent (a.) Making proposals; proposing.

Proponent (n.) One who makes a proposal, or lays down a proposition.

Proponent (n.) The propounder of a thing.

Proposing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Propose

Propretor (n.) A magistrate who, having been pretor at home, was appointed to the government of a province.

Propriety (n.) Individual right to hold property; ownership by personal title; property.

Propriety (n.) That which is proper or peculiar; an inherent property or quality; peculiarity.

Propriety (n.) The quality or state of being proper; suitableness to an acknowledged or correct standard or rule; consonance with established principles, rules, or customs; fitness; appropriateness; as, propriety of behavior, language, manners, etc.

Propugner (n.) A defender; a vindicator.

Propylaea (pl. ) of Propylaeum

Propylene (n.) A colorless gaseous hydrocarbon (C3H6) of the ethylene series, having a garlic odor. It occurs in coal gas, and is produced artificially in various ways. Called also propene.

Prorating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prorate

Prorector (n.) An officer who presides over the academic senate of a German university.

Prorhinal (a.) Situated in front of the nasal chambers.

Prorogate (v. t.) To prorogue.

Prorogued (imp. & p. p.) of Prorogue

Prosaical (a.) Of or pertaining to prose; resembling prose; in the form of prose; unpoetical; writing or using prose; as, a prosaic composition.

Prosaical (a.) Dull; uninteresting; commonplace; unimaginative; prosy; as, a prosaic person.

Proscenia (pl. ) of Proscenium

Proscolex (n.) An early larval form of a trematode worm; a redia. See Redia.

Proscribe (v. t.) To doom to destruction; to put out of the protection of law; to outlaw; to exile; as, Sylla and Marius proscribed each other's adherents.

Proscribe (v. t.) To denounce and condemn; to interdict; to prohibit; as, the Puritans proscribed theaters.

Proscript (n.) A proscription; a prohibition; an interdict.

Proscript (n.) One who is proscribed.

Prosector (n.) One who makes dissections for anatomical illustration; usually, the assistant of a professional anatomist.

Prosecute (v. t.) To follow or pursue with a view to reach, execute, or accomplish; to endeavor to obtain or complete; to carry on; to continue; as, to prosecute a scheme, hope, or claim.

Prosecute (v. t.) To seek to obtain by legal process; as, to prosecute a right or a claim in a court of law.

Prosecute (v. t.) To pursue with the intention of punishing; to accuse of some crime or breach of law, or to pursue for redress or punishment, before a legal tribunal; to proceed against judicially; as, to prosecute a man for trespass, or for a riot.

Prosecute (v. i.) To follow after.

Prosecute (v. i.) To institute and carry on a legal prosecution; as, to prosecute for public offenses.

Proselyte (n.) A new convert especially a convert to some religion or religious sect, or to some particular opinion, system, or party; thus, a Gentile converted to Judaism, or a pagan converted to Christianity, is a proselyte.

Proselyte (v. t.) To convert to some religion, opinion, or system; to bring over.

Prosimiae (n. pl.) Same as Lemuroidea.

Prosiness (n.) The quality or state of being prosy; tediousness; tiresomeness.

Prosingly (adv.) Prosily.

Prosiphon (n.) A minute tube found in the protoconch of ammonites, and not connected with the true siphon.

Prosodial (a.) Prosodical.

Prosodian (n.) A prosodist.

Prosomata (pl. ) of Prosoma

Prospered (imp. & p. p.) of Prosper

Prostatic (a.) Of or pertaining to the prostate gland.

Prostomia (pl. ) of Prostomium

Prostrate (a.) Lying at length, or with the body extended on the ground or other surface; stretched out; as, to sleep prostrate.

Prostrate (a.) Lying at mercy, as a supplicant.

Prostrate (a.) Lying in a humble, lowly, or suppliant posture.

Prostrate (a.) Trailing on the ground; procumbent.

Prostrate (v. t.) To lay fiat; to throw down; to level; to fell; as, to prostrate the body; to prostrate trees or plants.

Prostrate (v. t.) to overthrow; to demolish; to destroy; to deprive of efficiency; to ruin; as, to prostrate a village; to prostrate a government; to prostrate law or justice.

Prostrate (v. t.) To throw down, or cause to fall in humility or adoration; to cause to bow in humble reverence; used reflexively; as, he prostrated himself.

Prostrate (v. t.) To cause to sink totally; to deprive of strength; to reduce; as, a person prostrated by fever.

Protactic (a.) Giving a previous narrative or explanation, as of the plot or personages of a play; introductory.

Proteanly (adv.) In a protean manner.

Protected (imp. & p. p.) of Protect

Protector (n.) One who, or that which, defends or shields from injury, evil, oppression, etc.; a defender; a guardian; a patron.

Protector (n.) One having the care of the kingdom during the king's minority; a regent.

Protector (n.) A cardinal, from one of the more considerable Roman Catholic nations, who looks after the interests of his people at Rome; also, a cardinal who has the same relation to a college, religious order, etc.

Proteidea (n. pl.) An order of aquatic amphibians having prominent external gills and four legs. It includes Proteus and Menobranchus (Necturus). Called also Proteoidea, and Proteida.

Protended (imp. & p. p.) of Protend

Protested (imp. & p. p.) of Protest

Protester (n.) One who protests; one who utters a solemn declaration.

Protester (n.) One who protests a bill of exchange, or note.

Prothalli (pl. ) of Prothallus

Prothesis (n.) A credence table; -- so called by the Eastern or Greek Church.

Prothesis (n.) See Prosthesis.

Prothetic (a.) Of or pertaining to prothesis; as, a prothetic apparatus.

Prothorax (n.) The first or anterior segment of the thorax in insects. See Illusts. of Butterfly and Coleoptera.

Protiston (n.) One of the Protista.

Protogine (n.) A kind of granite or gneiss containing a silvery talcose mineral.

Protonema (n.) The primary growth from the spore of a moss, usually consisting of branching confervoid filaments, on any part of which stem and leaf buds may be developed.

Protopine (n.) An alkaloid found in opium in small quantities, and extracted as a white crystal

Protopope (n.) One of the clergy of first rank in the lower order of secular clergy; an archpriest; -- called also protopapas.

Protosalt (n.) A salt derived from a protoxide base.

Prototype (n.) An original or model after which anything is copied; the pattern of anything to be engraved, or otherwise copied, cast, or the like; a primary form; exemplar; archetype.

Protoxide (n.) That one of a series of oxides having the lowest proportion of oxygen. See Proto-, 2 (b).

Protozoan (a.) Of or pertaining to the Protozoa.

Protozoan (n.) One of the Protozoa.

Protozoic (a.) Of or pertaining to the Protozoa.

Protozoic (a.) Containing remains of the earliest discovered life of the globe, which included mollusks, radiates and protozoans.

Protozoon (n.) One of the Protozoa.

Protozoon (n.) A single zooid of a compound protozoan.

Protruded (imp. & p. p.) of Protrude

Proudling (n.) A proud or haughty person.

Proudness (n.) The quality of being proud; pride.

Proustite (n.) A sulphide of arsenic and silver of a beautiful cochineal-red color, occurring in rhombohedral crystals, and also massive; ruby silver.

Provedore (n.) A proveditor; a purveyor.

Proven/al (a.) Of or pertaining to Provence or its inhabitants.

Proven/al (n.) A native or inhabitant of Provence in France.

Proven/al (n.) The Provencal language. See Langue d'oc.

Provender (n.) Dry food for domestic animals, as hay, straw, corn, oats, or a mixture of ground grain; feed.

Provender (n.) Food or provisions.

Provexity (n.) Great advance in age.

Providing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Provide

Provident (a.) Foreseeing wants and making provision to supply them; prudent in preparing for future exigencies; cautious; economical; -- sometimes followed by of; as, aprovident man; an animal provident of the future.

Providore (n.) One who makes provision; a purveyor.

Provision (n.) The act of providing, or making previous preparation.

Provision (n.) That which is provided or prepared; that which is brought together or arranged in advance; measures taken beforehand; preparation.

Provision (n.) Especially, a stock of food; any kind of eatables collected or stored; -- often in the plural.

Provision (n.) That which is stipulated in advance; a condition; a previous agreement; a proviso; as, the provisions of a contract; the statute has many provisions.

Provision (n.) A canonical term for regular induction into a benefice, comprehending nomination, collation, and installation.

Provision (n.) A nomination by the pope to a benefice before it became vacant, depriving the patron of his right of presentation.

Provision (v. t.) To supply with food; to victual; as, to provision a garrison.

Provisory (a.) Of the nature of a proviso; containing a proviso or condition; conditional; as, a provisory clause.

Provisory (a.) Making temporary provision; provisional.

Provoking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Provoke

Provoking (a.) Having the power or quality of exciting resentment; tending to awaken passion or vexation; as, provoking words or treatment.

Proximate (a.) Nearest; next immediately preceding or following.

Proximity (n.) The quality or state of being next in time, place, causation, influence, etc.; immediate nearness, either in place, blood, or alliance.

Proxyship (n.) The office or agency of a proxy.

Prudently (adv.) In a prudent manner.

Pruderies (pl. ) of Prudery

Prudhomme (n.) A trustworthy citizen; a skilled workman. See Citation under 3d Commune, 1.

Prudishly (adv.) In a prudish manner.

Prurience (n.) Alt. of Pruriency

Pruriency (n.) The quality or state of being prurient.

Prussiate (n.) A salt of prussic acid; a cyanide.

Prytaneum (n.) A public building in certain Greek cities; especially, a public hall in Athens regarded as the home of the community, in which official hospitality was extended to distinguished citizens and strangers.

Trabeated (a.) Furnished with an entablature.

Trabecula (n.) A small bar, rod, bundle of fibers, or septal membrane, in the framework of an organ part.

Traceable (a.) Capable of being traced.

Traceries (pl. ) of Tracer/y

Tracheary (a.) Tracheal; breathing by means of tracheae.

Tracheary (n.) One of the Trachearia.

Tracheata (n.pl.) An extensive division of arthropods comprising all those which breathe by tracheae, as distinguished from Crustacea, which breathe by means of branchiae.

Tracheate (a.) Breathing by means of tracheae; of or pertaining to the Tracheata.

Tracheate (n.) Any arthropod having tracheae; one of the Tracheata.

Trachitis (n.) Tracheitis.

Trachytic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, trachyte.

Trackless (a.) Having no track; marked by no footsteps; untrodden; as, a trackless desert.

Tractable (v. t.) Capable of being easily led, taught, or managed; docile; manageable; governable; as, tractable children; a tractable learner.

Tractable (v. t.) Capable of being handled; palpable; practicable; feasible; as, tractable measures.

Tractator (n.) One who writes tracts; specif., a Tractarian.

Tradeless (a.) Having no trade or traffic.

Tradesmen (pl. ) of Tradesman

Tradesman (n.) One who trades; a shopkeeper.

Tradesman (n.) A mechanic or artificer; esp., one whose livelihood depends upon the labor of his hands.

Tradition (n.) The act of delivering into the hands of another; delivery.

Tradition (n.) The unwritten or oral delivery of information, opinions, doctrines, practices, rites, and customs, from father to son, or from ancestors to posterity; the transmission of any knowledge, opinions, or practice, from forefathers to descendants by oral communication, without written memorials.

Tradition (n.) Hence, that which is transmitted orally from father to son, or from ancestors to posterity; knowledge or belief transmitted without the aid of written memorials; custom or practice long observed.

Tradition (n.) An unwritten code of law represented to have been given by God to Moses on Sinai.

Tradition (n.) That body of doctrine and discip

Tradition (v. t.) To transmit by way of tradition; to hand down.

Traditive (a.) Transmitted or transmissible from father to son, or from age, by oral communication; traditional.

Traducing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Traduce

Traducent (a.) Slanderous.

Traducian (n.) A believer in traducianism.

Tragedian (n.) A writer of tragedy.

Tragedian (n.) An actor or player in tragedy.

Tragedies (pl. ) of Tragedy

Trainable (a.) Capable of being trained or educated; as, boys trainable to virtue.

Trainband (n.) A band or company of an organized military force instituted by James I. and dissolved by Charles II.; -- afterwards applied to the London militia.

Train oil () Oil procured from the blubber or fat of whales, by boiling.

Traitorly (a.) Like a traitor; treacherous; traitorous.

Traitress (n.) A woman who betrays her country or any trust; a traitoress.

Trajected (imp. & p. p.) of Traject

Trajetour (n.) Alt. of Trajetry

Tralation (n.) The use of a word in a figurative or extended sense; ametaphor; a trope.

Tralucent (a.) Translucent.

Trammeled (imp. & p. p.) of Trammel

Trammeled (a.) Having blazes, or white marks, on the fore and hind foot of one side, as if marked by trammels; -- said of a horse.

Trammeler (n.) One who uses a trammel net.

Trammeler (n.) One who, or that which, trammels or restrains.

Trampling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Trample

Trampoose (v. i.) To walk with labor, or heavily; to tramp.

Tranation (n.) The act of swimming over.

Transcend (v. t.) To rise above; to surmount; as, lights in the heavens transcending the region of the clouds.

Transcend (v. t.) To pass over; to go beyond; to exceed.

Transcend (v. t.) To surpass; to outgo; to excel; to exceed.

Transcend (v. i.) To climb; to mount.

Transcend (v. i.) To be transcendent; to excel.

Transenne (n.) A transom.

Transflux (n.) A flowing through, across, or beyond.

Transform (v. t.) To change the form of; to change in shape or appearance; to metamorphose; as, a caterpillar is ultimately transformed into a butterfly.

Transform (v. t.) To change into another substance; to transmute; as, the alchemists sought to transform lead into gold.

Transform (v. t.) To change in nature, disposition, heart, character, or the like; to convert.

Transform (v. t.) To change, as an algebraic expression or geometrical figure, into another from without altering its value.

Transform (v. i.) To be changed in form; to be metamorphosed.

Transfuge (n.) Alt. of Transfugitive

Transfund (v. t.) To pour from one vessel into another; to transfuse.

Transfuse (v. t.) To pour, as liquid, out of one vessel into another; to transfer by pouring.

Transfuse (v. t.) To transfer, as blood, from the veins or arteries of one man or animal to those of another.

Transfuse (v. t.) To cause to pass from to another; to cause to be instilled or imbibed; as, to transfuse a spirit of patriotism into a man; to transfuse a love of letters.

Transhape (v. t.) To transshape.

Transient (a.) Passing before the sight or perception, or, as it were, moving over or across a space or scene viewed, and then disappearing; hence, of short duration; not permanent; not lasting or durable; not stationary; passing; fleeting; brief; transitory; as, transient pleasure.

Transient (a.) Hasty; momentary; imperfect; brief; as, a transient view of a landscape.

Transient (a.) Staying for a short time; not regular or permanent; as, a transient guest; transient boarders.

Transient (n.) That which remains but for a brief time.

Translate (v. t.) To bear, carry, or remove, from one place to another; to transfer; as, to translate a tree.

Translate (v. t.) To change to another condition, position, place, or office; to transfer; hence, to remove as by death.

Translate (v. t.) To remove to heaven without a natural death.

Translate (v. t.) To remove, as a bishop, from one see to another.

Translate (v. t.) To render into another language; to express the sense of in the words of another language; to interpret; hence, to explain or recapitulate in other words.

Translate (v. t.) To change into another form; to transform.

Translate (v. t.) To cause to remove from one part of the body to another; as, to translate a disease.

Translate (v. t.) To cause to lose senses or recollection; to entrance.

Translate (v. i.) To make a translation; to be engaged in translation.

Transmove (v. t.) To move or change from one state into another; to transform.

Transmute (v. t.) To change from one nature, form, or substance, into another; to transform.

Transpare (v. t. & i.) To be, or cause to be, transparent; to appear, or cause to appear, or be seen, through something.

Transpass (v. t.) To pass over; as, Alexander transpassed the river.

Transpass (v. i.) To pass by; to pass away.

Transpire (v. i.) To pass off in the form of vapor or insensible perspiration; to exhale.

Transpire (v. i.) To evaporate from living cells.

Transpire (v. i.) To escape from secrecy; to become public; as, the proceedings of the council soon transpired.

Transpire (v. i.) To happen or come to pass; to occur.

Transpire (v. t.) To excrete through the skin; to give off in the form of vapor; to exhale; to perspire.

Transpire (v. t.) To evaporate (moisture) from living cells.

Transport (v. t.) To carry or bear from one place to another; to remove; to convey; as, to transport goods; to transport troops.

Transport (v. t.) To carry, or cause to be carried, into banishment, as a criminal; to banish.

Transport (v. t.) To carry away with vehement emotion, as joy, sorrow, complacency, anger, etc.; to ravish with pleasure or ecstasy; as, music transports the soul.

Transport (v.) Transportation; carriage; conveyance.

Transport (v.) A vessel employed for transporting, especially for carrying soldiers, warlike stores, or provisions, from one place to another, or to convey convicts to their destination; -- called also transport ship, transport vessel.

Transport (v.) Vehement emotion; passion; ecstasy; rapture.

Transport (v.) A convict transported, or sentenced to exile.

Transpose (v. t.) To change the place or order of; to substitute one for the other of; to exchange, in respect of position; as, to transpose letters, words, or propositions.

Transpose (v. t.) To change; to transform; to invert.

Transpose (v. t.) To bring, as any term of an equation, from one side over to the other, without destroying the equation; thus, if a + b = c, and we make a = c - b, then b is said to be transposed.

Transpose (v. t.) To change the natural order of, as words.

Transpose (v. t.) To change the key of.

Transship (v. t.) To transfer from one ship or conveyance to another.

Transuded (imp. & p. p.) of Transude

Transumpt (n.) A copy or exemplification of a record.

Transvert (v. t.) To cause to turn across; to transverse.

Trapanned (imp. & p. p.) of Trapan

Trapanner (n.) One who trapans, or insnares.

Trapezate (a.) Having the form of a trapezium; trapeziform.

Trapezium (n.) A plane figure bounded by four right

Trapezium (n.) A bone of the carpus at the base of the first metacarpal, or thumb.

Trapezium (n.) A region on the ventral side of the brain, either just back of the pons Varolii, or, as in man, covered by the posterior extension of its transverse fibers.

Trapezoid (n.) A plane four-sided figure, having two sides parallel to each other.

Trapezoid (n.) A bone of the carpus at the base of the second metacarpal, or index finger.

Trapezoid (a.) Having the form of a trapezoid; trapezoidal; as, the trapezoid ligament which connects the coracoid process and the clavicle.

Trapezoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the trapezoid ligament; as, the trapezoid

Trappings (n. pl.) That which serves to trap or adorn; ornaments; dress; superficial decorations.

Trappings (n. pl.) Specifically, ornaments to be put on horses.

Trappures (n. pl.) Trappings for a horse.

Trapstick (n.) A stick used in playing the game of trapball; hence, fig., a slender leg.

Traumatic (a.) Of or pertaining to wounds; applied to wounds.

Traumatic (a.) Adapted to the cure of wounds; vulnerary.

Traumatic (a.) Produced by wounds; as, traumatic tetanus.

Traumatic (n.) A traumatic medicine.

Travailed (imp. & p. p.) of Travail

Travelled () of Travel

Traveling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Travel

Traversed (imp. & p. p.) of Traverse

Traverser (n.) One who, or that which, traverses, or moves, as an index on a scale, and the like.

Traverser (n.) One who traverses, or denies.

Traverser (n.) A traverse table. See under Traverse, n.

Trawlboat (n.) A boat used in fishing with trawls or trawlnets.

Trawlwarp (n.) A rope passing through a block, used in managing or dragging a trawlnet.

Tray-trip (n.) An old game played with dice.

Treachery (n.) Violation of allegiance or of faith and confidence; treasonable or perfidious conduct; perfidy; treason.

Treachour (n.) A traitor.

Treadfowl (n.) A cock.

Treadmill (n.) A mill worked by persons treading upon steps on the periphery of a wide wheel having a horizontal axis. It is used principally as a means of prison discip

Treasured (imp. & p. p.) of Treasure

Treasurer (n.) One who has the care of a treasure or treasure or treasury; an officer who receives the public money arising from taxes and duties, or other sources of revenue, takes charge of the same, and disburses it upon orders made by the proper authority; one who has charge of collected funds; as, the treasurer of a society or corporation.

Treatable (a.) Manageable; tractable; hence, moderate; not violent.

Treatably (adv.) In a treatable manner.

Treatiser (n.) One who writes a treatise.

Treatment (n.) The act or manner of treating; management; manipulation; handling; usage; as, unkind treatment; medical treatment.

Treatment (n.) Entertainment; treat.

Trebuchet (n.) Alt. of Trebucket

Trebucket (n.) A cucking stool; a tumbrel.

Trebucket (n.) A military engine used in the Middle Ages for throwing stones, etc. It acted by means of a great weight fastened to the short arm of a lever, which, being let fall, raised the end of the long arm with great velocity, hurling stones with much force.

Trebucket (n.) A kind of balance for weighing.

Treebeard (n.) A pendulous branching lichen (Usnea barbata); -- so called from its resemblance to hair.

Trefoiled (a.) Same as Trefle.

Tregetour (n.) A juggler who produces illusions by the use of elaborate machinery.

Trehalose (n.) Mycose; -- so called because sometimes obtained from trehala.

Treillage (n.) Latticework for supporting vines, etc.; an espalier; a trellis.

Trellised (a.) Having a trellis or trellises.

Trematode (n.) One of the Trematodea. Also used adjectively.

Trematoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the Trematodea. See Illustration in Appendix.

Trembling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Tremble

Trembling (a.) Shaking; tottering; quivering.

Tremolite (n.) A white variety of amphibole, or hornblende, occurring in long, bladelike crystals, and coarsely fibrous masses.

Tremulant (a.) Alt. of Tremulent

Tremulent (a.) Tremulous; trembling; shaking.

Tremulous (a.) Shaking; shivering; quivering; as, a tremulous limb; a tremulous motion of the hand or the lips; the tremulous leaf of the poplar.

Tremulous (a.) Affected with fear or timidity; trembling.

Trenching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Trench

Trenchand (a.) Trenchant.

Trenchant (v. t.) Fitted to trench or cut; gutting; sharp.

Trenchant (v. t.) Fig.: Keen; biting; severe; as, trenchant wit.

Trepanned (imp. & p. p.) of Trepan

Trepanize (v. t.) To trepan.

Trepanner (n.) One who trepans.

Trephined (imp. & p. p.) of Trephine

Trepidity (n.) Trepidation.

Tressured (a.) Provided or bound with a tressure; arranged in the form of a tressure.

Tres-tyne (n.) In the antler of a stag, the third tyne above the base. This tyne appears in the third year. In those deer in which the brow tyne does not divide, the tres-tyne is the second tyne above the base. See Illust. under Rucervine, and under Rusine.

Trialogue (n.) A discourse or colloquy by three persons.

Triandria (n. pl.) A Linnaean class of plants having three distinct and equal stamens.

Triangled (a.) Having three angles; triangular.

Triatomic (a.) Having three atoms; -- said of certain elements or radicals.

Triatomic (a.) Having a valence of three; trivalent; sometimes, in a specific sense, having three hydroxyl groups, whether acid or basic; thus, glycerin, glyceric acid, and tartronic acid are each triatomic.

Tribalism (n.) The state of existing in tribes; also, tribal feeling; tribal prejudice or exclusiveness; tribal peculiarities or characteristics.

Tribunary (a.) Of or pertaining to tribunes; as, tribunary powers or authority.

Tribunate (n.) The state or office of a tribune; tribuneship.

Tributary (a.) Paying tribute to another, either from compulsion, as an acknowledgment of submission, or to secure protection, or for the purpose of purchasing peace.

Tributary (a.) Hence, subject; subordinate; inferior.

Tributary (a.) Paid in tribute.

Tributary (a.) Yielding supplies of any kind; serving to form or make up, a greater object of the same kind, as a part, branch, etc.; contributing; as, the Ohio has many tributary streams, and is itself tributary to the Mississippi.

Tributary (n.) A ruler or state that pays tribute, or a stated sum, to a conquering power, for the purpose of securing peace and protection, or as an acknowledgment of submission, or for the purchase of security.

Tributary (n.) A stream or river flowing into a larger river or into a lake; an affluent.

Tributing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Tribute

Trichinae (pl. ) of Trichina

Trichroic (a.) Exhibiting trichroism; pleochroic; pleochroism.

Trickling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Trickle

Trickment (n.) Decoration.

Trickster (n.) One who tricks; a deceiver; a tricker; a cheat.

Triclinic (a.) Having, or characterized by, three unequal axes intersecting at oblique angles. See the Note under crystallization.

Triclinia (pl. ) of Triclinium

Tricrotic (a.) Of or pertaining to tricrotism; characterized by tricrotism.

Tricuspid (a.) Having three cusps, or points; tricuspidate; as, a tricuspid molar.

Tricuspid (a.) Of or pertaining to the tricuspid valves; as, tricuspid obstruction.

Tridactyl (a.) Alt. of Tridactyle

Tridecane (n.) A hydrocarbon, C13H28, of the methane series, which is a probable ingredient both of crude petroleum and of kerosene, and is produced artificially as a light colorless liquid.

Tridented (a.) Having three prongs; trident; tridentate; as, a tridented mace.

Tridymite (n.) Pure silica, like quartz, but crystallizing in hexagonal tables. It is found in trachyte and similar rocks.

Triennial (a.) Continuing three years; as, triennial parliaments; a triennial reign.

Triennial (a.) Happening, coming about, or appearing once in every three years; as, triennial elections; a triennial catalogue; a triennial visitation.

Triennial (n.) Something which takes place or appears once in three years.

Trierarch (n.) The commander of a trireme.

Trierarch (n.) At Athens, one who (singly, or jointly with other citizens) had to fit out a trireme for the public service.

Trifacial (a.) See Trigeminal.

Trifallow (v. t.) To plow the third time before sowing, as land.

Trifloral (a.) Alt. of Triflorous

Trifolium (n.) A genus of leguminous herbs with densely spiked flowers and usually trifoliate leaves; trefoil. There are many species, all of which are called clover. See Clover.

Triforium (n.) The gallery or open space between the vaulting and the roof of the aisles of a church, often forming a rich arcade in the interior of the church, above the nave arches and below the clearstory windows.

Trigamist (n.) One who has been married three times; also, one who has three husbands or three wives at the same time.

Trigamous (a.) Having three sorts of flowers in the same head, -- male, female, and hermaphrodite, or perfect, flowers.

Trigintal (n.) A trental.

Trigonous (a.) Same as Trigonal.

Trigynian (a.) Alt. of Trigynous

Trigynous (a.) Having three pistils or styles; of or pertaining to the Trigynia.

Trihedral (a.) Having three sides or faces; thus, a trihedral angle is a solid angle bounded by three plane angles.

Trihedron (n.) A figure having three sides.

Trijugate (a.) In three pairs; as, a trijugate leaf, or a pinnate leaf with three pairs of leaflets.

Trijugous (a.) Same as Trijugate.

Trikosane (n.) A hydrocarbon, C23H48, of the methane series, resembling paraffin; -- so called because it has twenty-three atoms of carbon in the molecule.


Trilithic (a.) Pertaining to a trilith.

Trilithon (n.) A monument consisting of three stones; especially, such a monument forming a kind of doorway, as among the ancient Celts.

Trilobate (a.) Having three lobes.

Trilobita (n. pl.) An extinct order of arthropods comprising the trilobites.

Trilobite (n.) Any one of numerous species of extinct arthropods belonging to the order Trilobita. Trilobites were very common in the Silurian and Devonian periods, but became extinct at the close of the Paleozoic. So named from the three lobes usually seen on each segment.

Trimellic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a certain tribasic acid (called also trimellitic acid) metameric with trimesitic acid.

Trimerous (a.) Having the parts in threes.

Trimester (n.) A term or period of three months.

Trimethyl () A prefix or combining form (also used adjectively) indicating the presence of three methyl groups.

Trimetric (a.) Same as Orthorhombic.

Trinerved (a.) Same as Trinervate.

Trinketer (n.) One who trinkets.

Trinketry (n.) Ornaments of dress; trinkets, collectively.

Trinomial (n.) A quantity consisting of three terms, connected by the sign + or -; as, x + y + z, or ax + 2b - c2.

Trinomial (a.) Consisting of three terms; of or pertaining to trinomials; as, a trinomial root.

Triobolar (a.) Alt. of Triobolary

Trioctile (n.) An aspect of two planets with regard to the earth when they are three octants, or three eighths of a circle, that is, 135 degrees, distant from each other.

Tri/cious (a.) Having three sorts of flowers on the same or on different plants, some of the flowers being staminate, others pistillate, and others both staminate and pistillate; belonging to the order Tri/cia.

Triparted (a.) Parted into three piece; having three parts or pieces; -- said of the field or of a bearing; as, a cross triparted.

Triparted (a.) Divided nearly to the base into three segments or lobes.

Tripmadam (n.) Same as Prickmadam.

Tripodian (n.) An ancient stringed instrument; -- so called because, in form, it resembled the Delphic tripod.



Triquetra (pl. ) of Triquetrum

Trisagion (n.) An ancient anthem, -- usually known by its Latin name tersanctus.See Tersanctus.

Trisected (imp. & p. p.) of Trisect

Trisected (a.) Divided into three parts or segments by incisions extending to the midrib or to the base; -- said of leaves.

Triserial (a.) Alt. of Triseriate

Tritheism (n.) The opinion or doctrine that the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit are three distinct Gods.

Tritheist (n.) One who believes in tritheism.

Tritheite (n.) A tritheist.

Tritorium (n.) Same as Triturium.

Triturate (v. t.) To rub, grind, bruise, or thrash.

Triturate (v. t.) To rub or grind to a very fine or impalpable powder; to pulverize and comminute thoroughly.

Triturium (n.) A vessel for separating liquids of different densities.

Tritylene (n.) Propylene.

Triumphed (imp. & p. p.) of Triumph

Triumphal (a.) Of or pertaining to triumph; used in a triumph; indicating, or in honor of, a triumph or victory; as, a triumphal crown; a triumphal arch.

Triumphal (n.) A token of victory.

Triumpher (n.) One who was honored with a triumph; a victor.

Triumpher (n.) One who triumphs or rejoices for victory.

Triumviri (pl. ) of Triumvir

Triumvirs (pl. ) of Triumvir

Triumviry (n.) A triumvirate.

Triunguli (pl. ) of Triungulus

Trivalent (a.) Having a valence of three; capable of being combined with, substituted for, or compared with, three atoms of hydrogen; -- said of triad atoms or radicals; thus, nitrogen is trivalent in ammonia.

Trivially (adv.) In a trivial manner.

Triweekly (a.) Occurring or appearing three times a week; thriceweekly; as, a triweekly newspaper.

Triweekly (adv.) Three times a week.

Triweekly (n.) A triweekly publication.

Trochilic (a.) OF or pertaining to rotary motion; having power to draw out or turn round.

Trochilos (n.) The crocodile bird, or trochil.

Trochilus (n.) A genus of humming birds. It Formerly included all the known species.

Trochilus (n.) Any one of several species of wrens and kinglets.

Trochilus (n.) The crocodile bird.

Trochilus (n.) An annular molding whose section is concave, like the edge of a pulley; -- called also scotia.

Trochisci (pl. ) of Trochiscus

Trochlear (n.) Shaped like, or resembling, a pulley; pertaining to, or connected with, a trochlea; as, a trochlear articular surface; the trochlear muscle of the eye.

Trogonoid (a.) Like or pertaining to the trogons.

Troiluses (pl. ) of Troilus

Trollopee (n.) A kind of loose dress for women.

Troopbird (n.) Any troupial.

Troopfowl (n.) The American scaup duck.

Troopmeal (adv.) By troops; in crowds.

Troopship (n.) A vessel built or fitted for the conveyance of troops; a transport.

Troostite (n.) Willemite.

Tropidine (n.) An alkaloid, C8H13N, obtained by the chemical dehydration of tropine, as an oily liquid having a coninelike odor.

Tropology (n.) A rhetorical mode of speech, including tropes, or changes from the original import of the word.

Trothless (a.) Faitless; false; treacherous.

Troubling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Trouble

Troublous (a.) Full of trouble; causing trouble.

Trouncing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Trounce

Trousseau (n.) The collective lighter equipments or outfit of a bride, including clothes, jewelry, and the like; especially, that which is provided for her by her family.

Troutbird (n.) The American golden plover.

Troutling (n.) A little trout; a troutlet.

Trowelful (n.) As much as a trowel will hold; enough to fill a trowel.

Troyounce (n.) See Troy ounce, under Troy weight, above, and under Ounce.

Truceless (a.) Without a truce; unforbearing.

Truckling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Truckle

Truculent (a.) Fierce; savage; ferocious; barbarous; as, the truculent inhabitants of Scythia.

Truculent (a.) Cruel; destructive; ruthless.

Trudgeman (n.) A truchman.

True-blue (a.) Of inflexible honesty and fidelity; -- a term derived from the true, or Coventry, blue, formerly celebrated for its unchanging color. See True blue, under Blue.

True-blue (n.) A person of inflexible integrity or fidelity.

True-born (a.) Of genuine birth; having a right by birth to any title; as, a true-born Englishman.

True-bred (a.) Of a genuine or right breed; as, a true-bred beast.

True-bred (a.) Being of real breeding or education; as, a true-bred gentleman.

Trumpeted (imp. & p. p.) of Trumpet

Trumpeter (n.) One who sounds a trumpet.

Trumpeter (n.) One who proclaims, publishes, or denounces.

Trumpeter (n.) Any one of several species of long-legged South American birds of the genus Psophia, especially P. crepitans, which is abundant, and often domesticated and kept with other poultry by the natives. They are allied to the cranes. So called from their loud cry. Called also agami, and yakamik.

Trumpeter (n.) A variety of the domestic pigeon.

Trumpeter (n.) An American swan (Olor buccinator) which has a very loud note.

Trumpeter (n.) A large edible fish (Latris hecateia) of the family Cirrhitidae, native of Tasmania and New Zealand. It sometimes weighs as much as fifty or sixty pounds, and is highly esteemed as a food fish.

Trumplike (a.) Resembling a trumpet, esp. in sound; as, a trumplike voice.

Truncated (imp. & p. p.) of Truncate

Truncated (a.) Cut off; cut short; maimed.

Truncated (a.) Replaced, or cut off, by a plane, especially when equally inc

Truncated (a.) Lacking the apex; -- said of certain spiral shells in which the apex naturally drops off.

Truncheon (n.) A short staff, a club; a cudgel; a shaft of a spear.

Truncheon (n.) A baton, or military staff of command.

Truncheon (n.) A stout stem, as of a tree, with the branches lopped off, to produce rapid growth.

Truncheon (v. t.) To beat with a truncheon.

Trundling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Trundle

Trunkback (n.) The leatherback.

Trunkfish (n.) Any one of several species of plectognath fishes, belonging to the genus Ostracion, or the family Ostraciontidae, having an angular body covered with a rigid integument consisting of bony scales. Some of the species are called also coffer fish, and boxfish.

Trunkfuls (pl. ) of Trunkful

Trunkwork (n.) Work or devices suitable to be concealed; a secret stratagem.

Trustless (a.) That may not be trusted; not worthy of trust; unfaithful.

Truthless (a.) Devoid of truth; dishonest; dishonest; spurious; faithless.

Truthness (n.) Truth.

Uraninite (n.) A mineral consisting chiefly of uranium oxide with some lead, thorium, etc., occurring in black octahedrons, also in masses with a pitchlike luster; pitchblende.

Uranolite (n.) A meteorite or aerolite.

Uranology (n.) A discourse or treatise on the heavens and the heavenly bodies; the study of the heavens; uranography.

Uran-utan () The orang-utang

Urbaniste (n.) A large and delicious pear or Flemish origin.

Urbicolae (n. pl.) An extensive family of butterflies, including those known as skippers (Hesperiadae).

Ureameter (n.) An apparatus for the determination of the amount of urea in urine, in which the nitrogen evolved by the action of certain reagents, on a given volume of urine, is collected and measured, and the urea calculated accordingly.

Urechitin (n.) A glucoside extracted from the leaves of a certain plant (Urechitis suberecta) as a bitter white crystal

Urinarium (n.) A reservoir for urine, etc., for manure.

Urination (n.) The act or process of voiding urine; micturition.

Urinative (a.) Provoking the flow of urine; uretic; diuretic.

Urocerata (n. pl.) A division of boring Hymenoptera, including Tremex and allied genera. See Illust. of Horntail.

Urochorda (n. pl.) Same as Tunicata.

Urochrome (n.) A yellow urinary pigment, considered by Thudichum as the only pigment present in normal urine. It is regarded by Maly as identical with urobilin.

Urodelian (a.) Of or pertaining to the Urodela.

Urodelian (n.) One of the Urodela.

Uronology (n.) That part of medicine which treats of urine.

Uropoetic (a.) Producing, or favoring the production of, urine.

Uropoetic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a system of organs which eliminate nitrogenous waste matter from the blood of certain invertebrates.

Uropygial (a.) Of or pertaining to the uropygium, or prominence at the base of the tail feathers, in birds.

Uropygium (n.) The prominence at the posterior extremity of a bird's body, which supports the feathers of the tail; the rump; -- sometimes called pope's nose.

Urosacral (a.) Of or pertaining to both the caudal and sacral parts of the vertebral column; as, the urosacral vertebrae of birds.

Urosteons (pl. ) of Urosteon

Uroxanate (n.) A salt of uroxanic acid.

Urticaria (n.) The nettle rash, a disease characterized by a transient eruption of red pimples and of wheals, accompanied with a burning or stinging sensation and with itching; uredo.

Urticated (imp. & p. p.) of Urticate

Wrangling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Wrangle

Wrathless (a.) Free from anger or wrath.

Wreakless (a.) Unrevengeful; weak.

Wreathing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Wreathe

Wreckfish (n.) A stone bass.

Wrenching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Wrench

Wrestling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Wrestle

Wretchful (a.) Wretched.

Wriggling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Wriggle

Wrightine (n.) A rare alkaloid found in the bark of an East Indian apocynaceous tree (Wrightia antidysenterica), and extracted as a bitter white crystal

Wringbolt (n.) A bolt used by shipwrights, to bend and secure the planks against the timbers till they are fastened by bolts, spikes, or treenails; -- not to be confounded with ringbolt.

Wrinkling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Wrinkle

Wristband (n.) The band of the sleeve of a shirt, or other garment, which covers the wrist.

Writative (a.) Inc

Wrongdoer (n.) One who injures another, or who does wrong.

Wrongdoer (n.) One who commits a tort or trespass; a trespasser; a tort feasor.

Wronghead (n.) A person of a perverse understanding or obstinate character.

Wronghead (a.) Wrongheaded.

Wrongless (a.) Not wrong; void or free from wrong.

Wrongness (n.) The quality or state of being wrong; wrongfulness; error; fault.

Wrynecked (a.) Having a distorted neck; having the deformity called wryneck.

About the author

Mark McCracken

Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".

Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken , All Rights Reserved.