Intransitive Verbs Starting with A
Abdicate (v. i.) To relinquish or renounce a throne, or other high office or dignity.
Aberr (v. i.) To wander; to stray.
Aberrate (v. i.) To go astray; to diverge.
Abhor (v. i.) To shrink back with horror, disgust, or dislike; to be contrary or averse; -- with
Abide (v. i.) To wait; to pause; to delay.
Abide (v. i.) To stay; to continue in a place; to have one's abode; to dwell; to sojourn; -- with with before a person, and commonly with at or in before a place.
Abide (v. i.) To remain stable or fixed in some state or condition; to continue; to remain.
Abjure (v. i.) To renounce on oath.
Abode (v. i.) To be ominous.
Abort (v. i.) To miscarry; to bring forth young prematurely.
Abort (v. i.) To become checked in normal development, so as either to remain rudimentary or shrink away wholly; to become sterile.
Abound (v. i.) To be in great plenty; to be very prevalent; to be plentiful.
Abound (v. i.) To be copiously supplied; -- followed by in or with.
Abscond (v. i.) To hide, withdraw, or be concealed.
Abscond (v. i.) To depart clandestinely; to steal off and secrete one's self; -- used especially of persons who withdraw to avoid a legal process; as, an absconding debtor.
Absist (v. i.) To stand apart from; top leave off; to desist.
Absquatulate (v. i.) To take one's self off; to decamp.
Abstain (v. i.) To hold one's self aloof; to forbear or refrain voluntarily, and especially from an indulgence of the passions or appetites; -- with from.
Abut (v. i.) To project; to terminate or border; to be contiguous; to meet; -- with on, upon, or against; as, his land abuts on the road.
Accede (v. i.) To approach; to come forward; -- opposed to recede.
Accede (v. i.) To enter upon an office or dignity; to attain.
Accede (v. i.) To become a party by associating one's self with others; to give one's adhesion. Hence, to agree or assent to a proposal or a view; as, he acceded to my request.
Acclaim (v. i.) To shout applause.
Accommodate (v. i.) To adapt one's self; to be conformable or adapted.
Accompany (v. i.) To associate in a company; to keep company.
Accompany (v. i.) To cohabit (with).
Accompany (v. i.) To perform an accompanying part or parts in a composition.
Accord (v. i.) To agree; to correspond; to be in harmony; -- followed by with, formerly also by to; as, his disposition accords with his looks.
Accord (v. i.) To agree in pitch and tone.
Accost (v. i.) To adjoin; to lie alongside.
Account (v. i.) To render or receive an account or relation of particulars; as, an officer must account with or to the treasurer for money received.
Account (v. i.) To render an account; to answer in judgment; -- with for; as, we must account for the use of our opportunities.
Account (v. i.) To give a satisfactory reason; to tell the cause of; to explain; -- with for; as, idleness accounts for poverty.
Accresce (v. i.) To accrue.
Accresce (v. i.) To increase; to grow.
Accrete (v. i.) To grow together.
Accrete (v. i.) To adhere; to grow (to); to be added; -- with to.
Accumb (v. i.) To rec
Accumulate (v. i.) To grow or increase in quantity or number; to increase greatly.
Accustom (v. i.) To be wont.
Accustom (v. i.) To cohabit.
Acetify (v. i.) To turn acid.
Acetize (v. i.) To acetify.
Ache (v. i.) Continued pain, as distinguished from sudden twinges, or spasmodic pain. "Such an ache in my bones."
Ache (v. i.) To suffer pain; to have, or be in, pain, or in continued pain; to be distressed.
Acquiesce (v. i.) To rest satisfied, or apparently satisfied, or to rest without opposition and discontent (usually implying previous opposition or discontent); to accept or consent by silence or by omitting to object; -- followed by in, formerly also by with and to.
Acquiesce (v. i.) To concur upon conviction; as, to acquiesce in an opinion; to assent to; usually, to concur, not heartily but so far as to forbear opposition.
Acrospire (v. i.) To put forth the first sprout.
Act (v. i.) To exert power; to produce an effect; as, the stomach acts upon food.
Act (v. i.) To perform actions; to fulfill functions; to put forth energy; to move, as opposed to remaining at rest; to carry into effect a determination of the will.
Act (v. i.) To behave or conduct, as in morals, private duties, or public offices; to bear or deport one's self; as, we know not why he has acted so.
Act (v. i.) To perform on the stage; to represent a character.
Acuminate (v. i.) To end in, or come to, a sharp point.
Add (v. i.) To make an addition. To add to, to augment; to increase; as, it adds to our anxiety.
Add (v. i.) To perform the arithmetical operation of addition; as, he adds rapidly.
Address (v. i.) To prepare one's self.
Address (v. i.) To direct speech.
Adhere (v. i.) To stick fast or cleave, as a glutinous substance does; to become joined or united; as, wax to the finger; the lungs sometimes adhere to the pleura.
Adhere (v. i.) To hold, be attached, or devoted; to remain fixed, either by personal union or conformity of faith, principle, or opinion; as, men adhere to a party, a cause, a leader, a church.
Adhere (v. i.) To be consistent or coherent; to be in accordance; to agree.
Adjoin (v. i.) To lie or be next, or in contact; to be contiguous; as, the houses adjoin.
Adjoin (v. i.) To join one's self.
Adjourn (v. i.) To suspend business for a time, as from one day to another, or for a longer period, or indefinitely; usually, to suspend public business, as of legislatures and courts, or other convened bodies; as, congress adjourned at four o'clock; the court adjourned without day.
Adjudicate (v. i.) To come to a judicial decision; as, the court adjudicated upon the case.
Administer (v. i.) To contribute; to bring aid or supplies; to conduce; to minister.
Administer (v. i.) To perform the office of administrator; to act officially; as, A administers upon the estate of B.
Admire (v. i.) To wonder; to marvel; to be affected with surprise; -- sometimes with at.
Adulter (v. i.) To commit adultery; to pollute.
Adulterate (v. i.) To commit adultery.
Adulterize (v. i.) To commit adultery.
Advance (v. i.) To move or go forward; to proceed; as, he advanced to greet me.
Advance (v. i.) To increase or make progress in any respect; as, to advance in knowledge, in stature, in years, in price.
Advance (v. i.) To rise in rank, office, or consequence; to be preferred or promoted.
Advene (v. i.) To accede, or come (to); to be added to something or become a part of it, though not essential.
Adventure (v. i.) To try the chance; to take the risk.
Advert (v. i.) To turn the mind or attention; to refer; to take heed or notice; -- with to; as, he adverted to what was said.
Advocate (v. i.) To act as advocate.
Aestivate (v. i.) To spend the summer.
Aestivate (v. i.) To pass the summer in a state of torpor.
Affiliate (v. i.) To connect or associate one's self; -- followed by with; as, they affiliate with no party.
Affirm (v. i.) To declare or assert positively.
Affirm (v. i.) To make a solemn declaration, before an authorized magistrate or tribunal, under the penalties of perjury; to testify by affirmation.
Affy (v. i.) To trust or confide.
Age (v. i.) To grow aged; to become old; to show marks of age; as, he grew fat as he aged.
Agglomerate (v. i.) To collect in a mass.
Aggrandize (v. i.) To increase or become great.
Aggress (v. i.) To commit the first act of hostility or offense; to begin a quarrel or controversy; to make an attack; -- with on.
Aggrieve (v. i.) To grieve; to lament.
Agonize (v. i.) To writhe with agony; to suffer violent anguish.
Agonize (v. i.) To struggle; to wrestle; to strive desperately.
Agree (v. i.) To harmonize in opinion, statement, or action; to be in unison or concord; to be or become united or consistent; to concur; as, all parties agree in the expediency of the law.
Agree (v. i.) To yield assent; to accede; -- followed by to; as, to agree to an offer, or to opinion.
Agree (v. i.) To make a stipulation by way of settling differences or determining a price; to exchange promises; to come to terms or to a common resolve; to promise.
Agree (v. i.) To be conformable; to resemble; to coincide; to correspond; as, the picture does not agree with the original; the two scales agree exactly.
Agree (v. i.) To suit or be adapted in its effects; to do well; as, the same food does not agree with every constitution.
Agree (v. i.) To correspond in gender, number, case, or person.
Agrise (v. i.) To shudder with terror; to tremble with fear.
Ail (v. i.) To be affected with pain or uneasiness of any sort; to be ill or indisposed or in trouble.
Aim (v. i.) To point or direct a missile weapon, or a weapon which propels as missile, towards an object or spot with the intent of hitting it; as, to aim at a fox, or at a target.
Aim (v. i.) To direct the indention or purpose; to attempt the accomplishment of a purpose; to try to gain; to endeavor; -- followed by at, or by an infinitive; as, to aim at distinction; to aim to do well.
Aim (v. i.) To guess or conjecture.
Aim (v. i.) The pointing of a weapon, as a gun, a dart, or an arrow, in the
Aim (v. i.) The point intended to be hit, or object intended to be attained or affected.
Aim (v. i.) Intention; purpose; design; scheme.
Aim (v. i.) Conjecture; guess.
Alight (v. i.) To spring down, get down, or descend, as from on horseback or from a carriage; to dismount.
Alight (v. i.) To descend and settle, lodge, rest, or stop; as, a flying bird alights on a tree; snow alights on a roof.
Alight (v. i.) To come or chance (upon).
Alkalify (v. i.) To become changed into an alkali.
Allatrate (v. i.) To bark as a dog.
Alliterate (v. i.) To compose alliteratively; also, to constitute alliteration.
Allonge (v. i.) To thrust with a sword; to lunge.
Allow (v. i.) To admit; to concede; to make allowance or abatement.
Allude (v. i.) To refer to something indirectly or by suggestion; to have reference to a subject not specifically and plainly mentioned; -- followed by to; as, the story alludes to a recent transaction.
Alter (v. i.) To become, in some respects, different; to vary; to change; as, the weather alters almost daily; rocks or minerals alter by exposure.
Altercate (v. i.) To contend in words; to dispute with zeal, heat, or anger; to wrangle.
Alternate (v. i.) To happen, succeed, or act by turns; to follow reciprocally in place or time; -- followed by with; as, the flood and ebb tides alternate with each other.
Alternate (v. i.) To vary by turns; as, the land alternates between rocky hills and sandy plains.
Amain (v. i.) To lower the topsail, in token of surrender; to yield.
Amalgamate (v. i.) To unite in an amalgam; to blend with another metal, as quicksilver.
Amalgamate (v. i.) To coalesce, as a result of growth; to combine into a uniform whole; to blend; as, two organs or parts amalgamate.
Amaze (v. i.) To be astounded.
Amble (v. i.) To go at the easy gait called an amble; -- applied to the horse or to its rider.
Amble (v. i.) To move somewhat like an ambling horse; to go easily or without hard shocks.
Ambulate (v. i.) To walk; to move about.
Ambuscade (v. i.) To lie in ambush.
Ambush (v. i.) To lie in wait, for the purpose of attacking by surprise; to lurk.
Ameliorate (v. i.) To grow better; to meliorate; as, wine ameliorates by age.
Amend (v. i.) To grow better by rectifying something wrong in manners or morals; to improve.
Amplify (v. i.) To become larger.
Amplify (v. i.) To speak largely or copiously; to be diffuse in argument or description; to dilate; to expatiate; -- often with on or upon.
Amuse (v. i.) To muse; to mediate.
Analogize (v. i.) To employ, or reason by, analogy.
Anastomose (v. i.) To inosculate; to intercommunicate by anastomosis, as the arteries and veins.
Anchor (v. i.) To cast anchor; to come to anchor; as, our ship (or the captain) anchored in the stream.
Anchor (v. i.) To stop; to fix or rest.
Angle (v. i.) To fish with an angle (fishhook), or with hook and
Angle (v. i.) To use some bait or artifice; to intrigue; to scheme; as, to angle for praise.
Anhele (v. i.) To pant; to be breathlessly anxious or eager (for).
Animadvert (v. i.) To take notice; to observe; -- commonly followed by that.
Animadvert (v. i.) To consider or remark by way of criticism or censure; to express censure; -- with on or upon.
Animadvert (v. i.) To take cognizance judicially; to inflict punishment.
Annex (v. i.) To join; to be united.
Annotate (v. i.) To make notes or comments; -- with on or upon.
Answer (v. i.) To speak or write by way of return (originally, to a charge), or in reply; to make response.
Answer (v. i.) To make a satisfactory response or return.
Answer (v. i.) To render account, or to be responsible; to be accountable; to make amends; as, the man must answer to his employer for the money intrusted to his care.
Answer (v. i.) To be or act in return.
Answer (v. i.) To be or act by way of compliance, fulfillment, reciprocation, or satisfaction; to serve the purpose; as, gypsum answers as a manure on some soils.
Answer (v. i.) To be opposite, or to act in opposition.
Answer (v. i.) To be or act as an equivalent, or as adequate or sufficient; as, a very few will answer.
Answer (v. i.) To be or act in conformity, or by way of accommodation, correspondence, relation, or proportion; to conform; to correspond; to suit; -- usually with to.
Antagonize (v. i.) To act in opposition.
Antic (v. i.) To perform antics.
Antipathize (v. i.) To feel or show antipathy.
Antiquarianize (v. i.) To act the part of an antiquary.
Aphorize (v. i.) To make aphorisms.
Apologize (v. i.) To make an apology or defense.
Apologize (v. i.) To make an apology or excuse; to make acknowledgment of some fault or offense, with expression of regret for it, by way of amends; -- with for; as, my correspondent apologized for not answering my letter.
Apology (v. i.) To offer an apology.
Apostate (v. i.) To apostatize.
Apostatize (v. i.) To renounce totally a religious belief once professed; to forsake one's church, the faith or principles once held, or the party to which one has previously adhered.
Apostemate (v. i.) To form an abscess; to swell and fill with pus.
Apostrophize (v. i.) To use the rhetorical figure called apostrophe.
Apothegmatize (v. i.) To utter apothegms, or short and sententious sayings.
Appall (v. i.) To grow faint; to become weak; to become dismayed or discouraged.
Appall (v. i.) To lose flavor or become stale.
Appear (v. i.) To come or be in sight; to be in view; to become visible.
Appear (v. i.) To come before the public; as, a great writer appeared at that time.
Appear (v. i.) To stand in presence of some authority, tribunal, or superior person, to answer a charge, plead a cause, or the like; to present one's self as a party or advocate before a court, or as a person to be tried.
Appear (v. i.) To become visible to the apprehension of the mind; to be known as a subject of observation or comprehension, or as a thing proved; to be obvious or manifest.
Appear (v. i.) To seem; to have a certain semblance; to look.
Appertain (v. i.) To belong or pertain, whether by right, nature, appointment, or custom; to relate.
Applaud (v. i.) To express approbation loudly or significantly.
Apple (v. i.) To grow like an apple; to bear apples.
Applicate (v. i.) To apply.
Apply (v. i.) To suit; to agree; to have some connection, agreement, or analogy; as, this argument applies well to the case.
Apply (v. i.) To make request; to have recourse with a view to gain something; to make application. (to); to solicit; as, to apply to a friend for information.
Apply (v. i.) To ply; to move.
Apply (v. i.) To apply or address one's self; to give application; to attend closely (to).
Appoint (v. i.) To ordain; to determine; to arrange.
Appreciate (v. i.) To rise in value. [See note under Rise, v. i.]
Apprehend (v. i.) To think, believe, or be of opinion; to understand; to suppose.
Apprehend (v. i.) To be apprehensive; to fear.
Approach (v. i.) To come or go near, in place or time; to draw nigh; to advance nearer.
Approach (v. i.) To draw near, in a figurative sense; to make advances; to approximate; as, he approaches to the character of the ablest statesman.
Approach (v. i.) The act of drawing near; a coming or advancing near.
Approach (v. i.) A access, or opportunity of drawing near.
Approach (v. i.) Movements to gain favor; advances.
Approach (v. i.) A way, passage, or avenue by which a place or buildings can be approached; an access.
Approach (v. i.) The advanced works, trenches, or covered roads made by besiegers in their advances toward a fortress or military post.
Approach (v. i.) See Approaching.
Appropinquate (v. i.) To approach.
Approximate (v. i.) To draw; to approach.
Arbitrate (v. i.) To decide; to determine.
Arbitrate (v. i.) To act as arbitrator or judge; as, to arbitrate upon several reports; to arbitrate in disputes among neighbors; to arbitrate between parties to a suit.
Arch (v. i.) To form into an arch; to curve.
Argue (v. i.) To invent and offer reasons to support or overthrow a proposition, opinion, or measure; to use arguments; to reason.
Argue (v. i.) To contend in argument; to dispute; to reason; -- followed by with; as, you may argue with your friend without convincing him.
Argument (v. i.) To make an argument; to argue.
Argumentize (v. i.) To argue or discuss.
Arianize (v. i.) To admit or accept the tenets of the Arians; to become an Arian.
Arietate (v. i.) To butt, as a ram.
Arise (v. i.) To come up from a lower to a higher position; to come above the horizon; to come up from one's bed or place of repose; to mount; to ascend; to rise; as, to arise from a kneeling posture; a cloud arose; the sun ariseth; he arose early in the morning.
Arise (v. i.) To spring up; to come into action, being, or notice; to become operative, sensible, or visible; to begin to act a part; to present itself; as, the waves of the sea arose; a persecution arose; the wrath of the king shall arise.
Arise (v. i.) To proceed; to issue; to spring.
Arm (v. i.) To provide one's self with arms, weapons, or means of attack or resistance; to take arms.
Arrest (v. i.) To tarry; to rest.
Arrive (v. i.) To come to the shore or bank. In present usage: To come in progress by water, or by traveling on land; to reach by water or by land; -- followed by at (formerly sometimes by to), also by in and from.
Arrive (v. i.) To reach a point by progressive motion; to gain or compass an object by effort, practice, study, inquiry, reasoning, or experiment.
Arrive (v. i.) To come; said of time; as, the time arrived.
Arrive (v. i.) To happen or occur.
Article (v. i.) To agree by articles; to stipulate; to bargain; to covenant.
Articulate (v. i.) To utter articulate sounds; to utter the elementary sounds of a language; to enunciate; to speak distinctly.
Articulate (v. i.) To treat or make terms.
Articulate (v. i.) To join or be connected by articulation.
Ascend (v. i.) To move upward; to mount; to go up; to rise; -- opposed to descend.
Ascend (v. i.) To rise, in a figurative sense; to proceed from an inferior to a superior degree, from mean to noble objects, from particulars to generals, from modern to ancient times, from one note to another more acute, etc.; as, our inquiries ascend to the remotest antiquity; to ascend to our first progenitor.
Ask (v. i.) To request or petition; -- usually followed by for; as, to ask for bread.
Ask (v. i.) To make inquiry, or seek by request; -- sometimes followed by after.
Assay (v. i.) To attempt, try, or endeavor.
Assemble (v. i.) To meet or come together, as a number of individuals; to convene; to congregate.
Assemble (v. i.) To liken; to compare.
Assimilate (v. i.) To become similar or like something else.
Assimilate (v. i.) To change and appropriate nourishment so as to make it a part of the substance of the assimilating body.
Assimilate (v. i.) To be converted into the substance of the assimilating body; to become incorporated; as, some kinds of food assimilate more readily than others.
Assist (v. i.) To lend aid; to help.
Assist (v. i.) To be present as a spectator; as, to assist at a public meeting.
Associate (v. i.) To unite in company; to keep company, implying intimacy; as, congenial minds are disposed to associate.
Associate (v. i.) To unite in action, or to be affected by the action of a different part of the body.
Assonate (v. i.) To correspond in sound.
Assort (v. i.) To agree; to be in accordance; to be adapted; to suit; to fall into a class or place.
Assuage (v. i.) To abate or subside.
Assume (v. i.) To be arrogant or pretentious; to claim more than is due.
Assume (v. i.) To undertake, as by a promise.
Astert (v. i.) To escape.
Astipulate (v. i.) To assent.
Astronomize (v. i.) To study or to talk astronomy.
Atheize (v. i.) To discourse, argue, or act as an atheist.
Atone (v. i.) To agree; to be in accordance; to accord.
Atone (v. i.) To stand as an equivalent; to make reparation, compensation, or amends, for an offense or a crime.
Atrophy (v. i.) To waste away; to dwindle.
Attach (v. i.) To adhere; to be attached.
Attach (v. i.) To come into legal operation in connection with anything; to vest; as, dower will attach.
Attack (v. i.) To make an onset or attack.
Attain (v. i.) To come or arrive, by motion, growth, bodily exertion, or efforts toward a place, object, state, etc.; to reach.
Attain (v. i.) To come or arrive, by an effort of mind.
Attempt (v. i.) To make an attempt; -- with upon.
Attend (v. i.) To apply the mind, or pay attention, with a view to perceive, understand, or comply; to pay regard; to heed; to listen; -- usually followed by to.
Attend (v. i.) To accompany or be present or near at hand, in pursuance of duty; to be ready for service; to wait or be in waiting; -- often followed by on or upon.
Attend (v. i.) (with to) To take charge of; to look after; as, to attend to a matter of business.
Attend (v. i.) To wait; to stay; to delay.
Attenuate (v. i.) To become thin, slender, or fine; to grow less; to lessen.
Atticize (v. i.) To side with the Athenians.
Atticize (v. i.) To use the Attic idiom or style; to conform to the customs or modes of thought of the Athenians.
Attitudinize (v. i.) To assume affected attitudes; to strike an attitude; to pose.
Audit (v. i.) To settle or adjust an account.
Augment (v. i.) To increase; to grow larger, stronger, or more intense; as, a stream augments by rain.
Augur (v. i.) To conjecture from signs or omens; to prognosticate; to foreshow.
Augur (v. i.) To anticipate, to foretell, or to indicate a favorable or an unfavorable issue; as, to augur well or ill.
Australize (v. i.) To tend toward the south pole, as a magnet.
Automaton (v. i.) Any thing or being regarded as having the power of spontaneous motion or action.
Automaton (v. i.) A self-moving machine, or one which has its motive power within itself; -- applied chiefly to machines which appear to imitate spontaneously the motions of living beings, such as men, birds, etc.
Avail (v. i.) To be of use or advantage; to answer the purpose; to have strength, force, or efficacy sufficient to accomplish the object; as, the plea in bar must avail, that is, be sufficient to defeat the suit; this scheme will not avail; medicines will not avail to check the disease.
Avenge (v. i.) To take vengeance.
Average (v. i.) To form, or exist in, a mean or medial sum or quantity; to amount to, or to be, on an average; as, the losses of the owners will average twenty five dollars each; these spars average ten feet in length.
Avert (v. i.) To turn away.
Avise (v. i.) To consider; to reflect.
Avoid (v. i.) To retire; to withdraw.
Avoid (v. i.) To become void or vacant.
Avolate (v. i.) To fly away; to escape; to exhale.
Await (v. i.) To watch.
Await (v. i.) To wait (on or upon).
Await (v. i.) To wait; to stay in waiting.
Awake (v. i.) To cease to sleep; to come out of a state of natural sleep; and, figuratively, out of a state resembling sleep, as inaction or death.
Award (v. i.) To determine; to make an award.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken
, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".