prepositions starting with O
O' (prep.) A shortened form of of or on.
Of (prep.) In a general sense, from, or out from; proceeding from; belonging to; relating to; concerning; -- used in a variety of applications; as:
Of (prep.) Denoting that from which anything proceeds; indicating origin, source, descent, and the like; as, he is of a race of kings; he is of noble blood.
Of (prep.) Denoting possession or ownership, or the relation of subject to attribute; as, the apartment of the consul: the power of the king; a man of courage; the gate of heaven.
Of (prep.) Denoting the material of which anything is composed, or that which it contains; as, a throne of gold; a sword of steel; a wreath of mist; a cup of water.
Of (prep.) Denoting part of an aggregate or whole; belonging to a number or quantity mentioned; out of; from amongst; as, of this little he had some to spare; some of the mines were unproductive; most of the company.
Of (prep.) Denoting that by which a person or thing is actuated or impelled; also, the source of a purpose or action; as, they went of their own will; no body can move of itself; he did it of necessity.
Of (prep.) Denoting reference to a thing; about; concerning; relating to; as, to boast of one's achievements.
Of (prep.) Denoting nearness or distance, either in space or time; from; as, within a league of the town; within an hour of the appointed time.
Of (prep.) Denoting identity or equivalence; -- used with a name or appellation, and equivalent to the relation of apposition; as, the continent of America; the city of Rome; the Island of Cuba.
Of (prep.) Denoting the agent, or person by whom, or thing by which, anything is, or is done; by.
Of (prep.) Denoting relation to place or time; belonging to, or connected with; as, men of Athens; the people of the Middle Ages; in the days of Herod.
Of (prep.) Denoting passage from one state to another; from.
Of (prep.) During; in the course of.
Off (prep.) Not on; away from; as, to be off one's legs or off the bed; two miles off the shore.
On (prep.) The general signification of on is situation, motion, or condition with respect to contact or support beneath
On (prep.) At, or in contact with, the surface or upper part of a thing, and supported by it; placed or lying in contact with the surface; as, the book lies on the table, which stands on the floor of a house on an island.
On (prep.) To or against the surface of; -- used to indicate the motion of a thing as coming or falling to the surface of another; as, rain falls on the earth.
On (prep.) Denoting performance or action by contact with the surface, upper part, or outside of anything; hence, by means of; with; as, to play on a violin or piano. Hence, figuratively, to work on one's feelings; to make an impression on the mind.
On (prep.) At or near; adjacent to; -- indicating situation, place, or position; as, on the one hand, on the other hand; the fleet is on the American coast.
On (prep.) In addition to; besides; -- indicating multiplication or succession in a series; as, heaps on heaps; mischief on mischief; loss on loss; thought on thought.
On (prep.) Indicating dependence or reliance; with confidence in; as, to depend on a person for assistance; to rely on; hence, indicating the ground or support of anything; as, he will promise on certain conditions; to bet on a horse.
On (prep.) At or in the time of; during; as, on Sunday we abstain from labor. See At (synonym).
On (prep.) At the time of, conveying some notion of cause or motive; as, on public occasions, the officers appear in full dress or uniform. Hence, in consequence of, or following; as, on the ratification of the treaty, the armies were disbanded.
On (prep.) Toward; for; -- indicating the object of some passion; as, have pity or compassion on him.
On (prep.) At the peril of, or for the safety of.
On (prep.) By virtue of; with the pledge of; -- denoting a pledge or engagement, and put before the thing pledged; as, he affirmed or promised on his word, or on his honor.
On (prep.) To the account of; -- denoting imprecation or invocation, or coming to, falling, or resting upon; as, on us be all the blame; a curse on him.
On (prep.) In reference or relation to; as, on our part expect punctuality; a satire on society.
On (prep.) Of.
On (prep.) Occupied with; in the performance of; as, only three officers are on duty; on a journey.
On (prep.) In the service of; connected with; of the number of; as, he is on a newspaper; on a committee.
On (prep.) Forward, in progression; onward; -- usually with a verb of motion; as, move on; go on.
On (prep.) Forward, in succession; as, from father to son, from the son to the grandson, and so on.
On (prep.) In continuance; without interruption or ceasing; as, sleep on, take your ease; say on; sing on.
On (prep.) Adhering; not off; as in the phrase, "He is neither on nor off," that is, he is not steady, he is irresolute.
On (prep.) Attached to the body, as clothing or ornament, or for use.
On (prep.) In progress; proceeding; as, a game is on.
Onto (prep.) On the top of; upon; on. See On to, under On, prep.
Outcept (prep.) Except.
Outtake (prep.) Except.
Over (prep.) Above, or higher than, in place or position, with the idea of covering; -- opposed to under; as, clouds are over our heads; the smoke rises over the city.
Over (prep.) Across; from side to side of; -- implying a passing or moving, either above the substance or thing, or on the surface of it; as, a dog leaps over a stream or a table.
Over (prep.) Upon the surface of, or the whole surface of; hither and thither upon; throughout the whole extent of; as, to wander over the earth; to walk over a field, or over a city.
Over (prep.) Above; -- implying superiority in excellence, dignity, condition, or value; as, the advantages which the Christian world has over the heathen.
Over (prep.) Above in authority or station; -- implying government, direction, care, attention, guard, responsibility, etc.; -- opposed to under.
Over (prep.) Across or during the time of; from beginning to end of; as, to keep anything over night; to keep corn over winter.
Over (prep.) Above the perpendicular height or length of, with an idea of measurement; as, the water, or the depth of water, was over his head, over his shoes.
Over (prep.) Beyond; in excess of; in addition to; more than; as, it cost over five dollars.
Over (prep.) Above, implying superiority after a contest; in spite of; notwithstanding; as, he triumphed over difficulties; the bill was passed over the veto.
Overthwart (prep.) Across; from alde to side of.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken
, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".