Words whose second letter is H

Ah (interj.) An exclamation, expressive of surprise, pity, complaint, entreaty, contempt, threatening, delight, triumph, etc., according to the manner of utterance.

Aha (interj.) An exclamation expressing, by different intonations, triumph, mixed with derision or irony, or simple surprise.

Aha (n.) A sunk fence. See Ha-ha.

Ahead (adv.) In or to the front; in advance; onward.

Ahead (adv.) Headlong; without restraint.

Aheap (adv.) In a heap; huddled together.

Aheight (adv.) Aloft; on high.

Ahem (interj.) An exclamation to call one's attention; hem.

Ahey (interj.) Hey; ho.

Ahigh (adv.) On high.

Ahold (adv.) Near the wind; as, to lay a ship ahold.

Ahorseback (adv.) On horseback.

Ahoy (interj.) A term used in hailing; as, "Ship ahoy."

Ahriman (n.) The Evil Principle or Being of the ancient Persians; the Prince of Darkness as opposer to Ormuzd, the King of Light.

Ahu (n.) The Asiatic gazelle.

Ahull (adv.) With the sails furled, and the helm lashed alee; -- applied to ships in a storm. See Hull, n.

Ahungered (a.) Pinched with hunger; very hungry.

Bhang (n.) An astringent and narcotic drug made from the dried leaves and seed capsules of wild hemp (Cannabis Indica), and chewed or smoked in the East as a means of intoxication. See Hasheesh.

Bhunder (n.) An Indian monkey (Macacus Rhesus), protected by the Hindoos as sacred. See Rhesus.

Chab (n.) The red-bellied wood pecker (Melanerpes Carolinus).

Chabasite (n.) Alt. of Cabazite

Cabazite (n.) A mineral occuring in glassy rhombohedral crystals, varying, in color from white to yellow or red. It is essentially a hydrous silicate of alumina and lime. Called also chabasie.

Chablis (n.) A white wine made near Chablis, a town in France.

Chablis (n.) a white wine resembling Chablis{1}, but made elsewhere, as in California.

Chabouk (n.) Alt. of Chabuk

Chabuk (n.) A long whip, such as is used in the East in the infliction of punishment.

Chace (n.) See 3d Chase, n., 3.

Chace (v. t.) To pursue. See Chase v. t.

Chachalaca (n.) The Texan guan (Ortalis vetula).

Chak (v. i.) To toss up the head frequently, as a horse to avoid the restraint of the bridle.

Chacma (n.) A large species of African baboon (Cynocephalus porcarius); -- called also ursine baboon. [See Illust. of Baboon.]

Chaconne (n.) An old Spanish dance in moderate three-four measure, like the Passacaglia, which is slower. Both are used by classical composers as themes for variations.

Chad (n.) See Shad.

Chaetetes (n.) A genus of fossil corals, common in the lower Silurian limestones.

Chaetiferous (a.) Bearing setae.

Chaetodont (n.) A marine fish of the family Chaetodontidae. The chaetodonts have broad, compressed bodies, and usually bright colors.

Chaetodont (a.) Of or pertaining to the Chaetodonts or the family Chaetodontidae.

Chaetognath (a.) Of or pertaining to the Chaetognatha.

Chaetognatha (n. pl.) An order of free-swimming marine worms, of which the genus Sagitta is the type. They have groups of curved spines on each side of the head.

Chaetopod (a.) Pertaining to the Chaetopoda.

Chaetopod (n.) One of the Chaetopoda.

Chaetopoda (n. pl.) A very extensive order of Annelida, characterized by the presence of lateral setae, or spines, on most or all of the segments. They are divided into two principal groups: Oligochaeta, including the earthworms and allied forms, and Polychaeta, including most of the marine species.

Chaetotaxy (n.) The arrangement of bristles on an insect.

Chafed (imp. & p. p.) of Chafe

Chafing (p pr. & vb. n.) of Chafe

Chafe (v. t.) To excite heat in by friction; to rub in order to stimulate and make warm.

Chafe (v. t.) To excite passion or anger in; to fret; to irritate.

Chafe (v. t.) To fret and wear by rubbing; as, to chafe a cable.

Chafe (v. i.) To rub; to come together so as to wear by rubbing; to wear by friction.

Chafe (v. i.) To be worn by rubbing; as, a cable chafes.

Chafe (v. i.) To have a feeling of vexation; to be vexed; to fret; to be irritated.

Chafe (n.) Heat excited by friction.

Chafe (n.) Injury or wear caused by friction.

Chafe (n.) Vexation; irritation of mind; rage.

Chafer (n.) One who chafes.

Chafer (n.) A vessel for heating water; -- hence, a dish or pan.

Chafer (n.) A kind of beetle; the cockchafer. The name is also applied to other species; as, the rose chafer.

Chafery (v. t.) An open furnace or forge, in which blooms are heated before being wrought into bars.

Chafewax (n.) Alt. of Chaffwax

Chaffwax (n.) Formerly a chancery officer who fitted wax for sealing writs and other documents.

Chafeweed (n.) The cudweed (Gnaphalium), used to prevent or cure chafing.

Chaff (n.) The glumes or husks of grains and grasses separated from the seed by threshing and winnowing, etc.

Chaff (n.) Anything of a comparatively light and worthless character; the refuse part of anything.

Chaff (n.) Straw or hay cut up fine for the food of cattle.

Chaff (n.) Light jesting talk; banter; raillery.

Chaff (n.) The scales or bracts on the receptacle, which subtend each flower in the heads of many Compositae, as the sunflower.

Chaffed (imp. & p. p.) of Chaff

Chaffing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chaff

Chaff (v. i.) To use light, idle language by way of fun or ridicule; to banter.

Chaff (v. t.) To make fun of; to turn into ridicule by addressing in ironical or bantering language; to quiz.

Chaffer (n.) One who chaffs.

Chaffer (n.) Bargaining; merchandise.

Chaffered (imp. & p. p.) of Chaffer

Chaffering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chaffer

Chaffer (n.) To treat or dispute about a purchase; to bargain; to haggle or higgle; to negotiate.

Chaffer (n.) To talk much and idly; to chatter.

Chaffer (v. t.) To buy or sell; to trade in.

Chaffer (v. t.) To exchange; to bandy, as words.

Chafferer (n.) One who chaffers; a bargainer.

Chaffern (v. t.) A vessel for heating water.

Chaffery (n.) Traffic; bargaining.

Chaffinch (n.) A bird of Europe (Fringilla coelebs), having a variety of very sweet songs, and highly valued as a cage bird; -- called also copper finch.

Chaffing (n.) The use of light, frivolous language by way of fun or ridicule; raillery; banter.

Chaffless (a.) Without chaff.

Chaffy (a.) Abounding in, or resembling, chaff.

Chaffy (a.) Light or worthless as chaff.

Chaffy (a.) Resembling chaff; composed of light dry scales.

Chaffy (a.) Bearing or covered with dry scales, as the under surface of certain ferns, or the disk of some composite flowers.

Chafing (v. t.) The act of rubbing, or wearing by friction; making by rubbing.

Chagreen (n.) See Shagreen.

Chagrin (n.) Vexation; mortification.

Chagrined (imp. & p. p.) of Chagrin

Chargrining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chagrin

Chagrin (n.) To excite ill-humor in; to vex; to mortify; as, he was not a little chagrined.

Chagrin (v. i.) To be vexed or annoyed.

Chagrin (a.) Chagrined.

Chain (n.) A series of links or rings, usually of metal, connected, or fitted into one another, used for various purposes, as of support, of restraint, of ornament, of the exertion and transmission of mechanical power, etc.

Chain (n.) That which confines, fetters, or secures, as a chain; a bond; as, the chains of habit.

Chain (n.) A series of things linked together; or a series of things connected and following each other in succession; as, a chain of mountains; a chain of events or ideas.

Chain (n.) An instrument which consists of links and is used in measuring land.

Chain (n.) Iron links bolted to the side of a vessel to bold the dead-eyes connected with the shrouds; also, the channels.

Chain (n.) The warp threads of a web.

Chained (imp. p. p.) of Chain

Chaining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chain

Chain (v. t.) To fasten, bind, or connect with a chain; to fasten or bind securely, as with a chain; as, to chain a bulldog.

Chain (v. t.) To keep in slavery; to enslave.

Chain (v. t.) To unite closely and strongly.

Chain (v. t.) To measure with the chain.

Chain (v. t.) To protect by drawing a chain across, as a harbor.

Chainless (a.) Having no chain; not restrained or fettered.

Chainlet (n.) A small chain.

Chain pump () A pump consisting of an endless chain, running over a drum or wheel by which it is moved, and dipping below the water to be raised. The chain has at intervals disks or lifts which fit the tube through which the ascending part passes and carry the water to the point of discharge.

Chain stitch () An ornamental stitch like the links of a chain; -- used in crocheting, sewing, and embroidery.

Chain stitch () A stitch in which the looping of the thread or threads forms a chain on the under side of the work; the loop stitch, as distinguished from the lock stitch. See Stitch.

Chain wheel () A chain pulley, or sprocket wheel.

Chain wheel () An inversion of the chain pump, by which it becomes a motor driven by water.

Chainwork (n.) Work looped or linked after the manner of a chain; chain stitch work.

Chair (n.) A movable single seat with a back.

Chair (n.) An official seat, as of a chief magistrate or a judge, but esp. that of a professor; hence, the office itself.

Chair (n.) The presiding officer of an assembly; a chairman; as, to address the chair.

Chair (n.) A vehicle for one person; either a sedan borne upon poles, or two-wheeled carriage, drawn by one horse; a gig.

Chair (n.) An iron block used on railways to support the rails and secure them to the sleepers.

Chaired (imp. & p. pr.) of Chair

Chairing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chair

Chair (v. t.) To place in a chair.

Chair (v. t.) To carry publicly in a chair in triumph.

Chairmen (pl. ) of Chairman

Chairman (n.) The presiding officer of a committee, or of a public or private meeting, or of any organized body.

Chairman (n.) One whose business it is to cary a chair or sedan.

Chairmanship (n.) The office of a chairman of a meeting or organized body.

Chaise (n.) A two-wheeled carriage for two persons, with a calash top, and the body hung on leather straps, or thorough-braces. It is usually drawn by one horse.

Chaise (n.) a carriage in general.

Chaja (n.) The crested screamer of Brazil (Palamedea, / Chauna, chavaria), so called in imitation of its notes; -- called also chauna, and faithful kamichi. It is often domesticated and is useful in guarding other poultry. See Kamichi.

Chalazas (pl. ) of Chalaza

Chalazae (pl. ) of Chalaza

Chalaza (n.) The place on an ovule, or seed, where its outer coats cohere with each other and the nucleus.

Chalaza (n.) A spiral band of thickened albuminous substance which exists in the white of the bird's egg, and serves to maintain the yolk in its position; the treadle.

Chalazal (a.) Of or pertaining to the chalaza.

Chalaze (n.) Same as Chalaza.

Chalaziferous (a.) Having or bearing chalazas.

Chalazion (n.) A small circumscribed tumor of the eyelid caused by retention of secretion, and by inflammation of the Melbomian glands.

Chalcanthite (n.) Native blue vitriol. See Blue vitriol, under Blue.

Chalcedonic (a.) Of or pertaining to chalcedony.

Chalcedonies (pl. ) of Chalcedony

Chalcedony (n.) A cryptocrystalline, translucent variety of quartz, having usually a whitish color, and a luster nearly like wax.

Chalchihuitl (n.) The Mexican name for turquoise. See Turquoise.

Chalcid fly () One of a numerous family of hymenopterous insects (Chalcididae. Many are gallflies, others are parasitic on insects.

Chalcidian (n.) One of a tropical family of snakelike lizards (Chalcidae), having four small or rudimentary legs.

Chalcocite (n.) Native copper sulphide, called also copper glance, and vitreous copper; a mineral of a black color and metallic luster.

Chalcographer (n.) Alt. of Chalcographist

Chalcographist (n.) An engraver on copper or brass; hence, an engraver of copper plates for printing upon paper.

Chalcography (n.) The act or art of engraving on copper or brass, especially of engraving for printing.

Chalcopyrite (n.) Copper pyrites, or yellow copper ore; a common ore of copper, containing copper, iron, and sulphur. It occurs massive and in tetragonal crystals of a bright brass yellow color.

Chaldaic (a.) Of or pertaining to Chaldea.

Chaldaic (n.) The language or dialect of the Chaldeans; Chaldee.

Chaldaism (n.) An idiom or peculiarity in the Chaldee dialect.

Chaldean (a.) Of or pertaining to Chaldea.

Chaldean (n.) A native or inhabitant of Chaldea.

Chaldean (n.) A learned man, esp. an astrologer; -- so called among the Eastern nations, because astrology and the kindred arts were much cultivated by the Chaldeans.

Chaldean (n.) Nestorian.

Chaldee (a.) Of or pertaining to Chaldea.

Chaldee (n.) The language or dialect of the Chaldeans; eastern Aramaic, or the Aramaic used in Chaldea.

Chaldrich (n.) Alt. of Chalder

Chalder (n.) A kind of bird; the oyster catcher.

Chaldron (n.) An English dry measure, being, at London, 36 bushels heaped up, or its equivalent weight, and more than twice as much at Newcastle. Now used exclusively for coal and coke.

Chalet (n.) A herdsman's hut in the mountains of Switzerland.

Chalet (n.) A summer cottage or country house in the Swiss mountains; any country house built in the style of the Swiss cottages.

Chalice (n.) A cup or bowl; especially, the cup used in the sacrament of the Lord's Supper.

Chaliced (a.) Having a calyx or cup; cup-shaped.

Chalk (n.) A soft, earthy substance, of a white, grayish, or yellowish white color, consisting of calcium carbonate, and having the same composition as common limestone.

Chalk (n.) Finely prepared chalk, used as a drawing implement; also, by extension, a compound, as of clay and black lead, or the like, used in the same manner. See Crayon.

Chalked (imp. & p. p.) of Chalk

Chalking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chalk

Chalk (v. t.) To rub or mark with chalk.

Chalk (v. t.) To manure with chalk, as land.

Chalk (v. t.) To make white, as with chalk; to make pale; to bleach.

Chalkcutter (n.) A man who digs chalk.

Chalkiness (n.) The state of being chalky.

Chalkstone (n.) A mass of chalk.

Chalkstone (n.) A chalklike concretion, consisting mainly of urate of sodium, found in and about the small joints, in the external ear, and in other situations, in those affected with gout; a tophus.

Chalky (a.) Consisting of, or resembling, chalk; containing chalk; as, a chalky cliff; a chalky taste.

Challenge (n.) An invitation to engage in a contest or controversy of any kind; a defiance; specifically, a summons to fight a duel; also, the letter or message conveying the summons.

Challenge (n.) The act of a sentry in halting any one who appears at his post, and demanding the countersign.

Challenge (n.) A claim or demand.

Challenge (n.) The opening and crying of hounds at first finding the scent of their game.

Challenge (n.) An exception to a juror or to a member of a court martial, coupled with a demand that he should be held incompetent to act; the claim of a party that a certain person or persons shall not sit in trial upon him or his cause.

Challenge (n.) An exception to a person as not legally qualified to vote. The challenge must be made when the ballot is offered.

Challenged (imp. & p. p.) of Challenge

Challenging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Challenge

Challenge (n.) To call to a contest of any kind; to call to answer; to defy.

Challenge (n.) To call, invite, or summon to answer for an offense by personal combat.

Challenge (n.) To claim as due; to demand as a right.

Challenge (n.) To censure; to blame.

Challenge (n.) To question or demand the countersign from (one who attempts to pass the lines); as, the sentinel challenged us, with "Who comes there?"

Challenge (n.) To take exception to; question; as, to challenge the accuracy of a statement or of a quotation.

Challenge (n.) To object to or take exception to, as to a juror, or member of a court.

Challenge (n.) To object to the reception of the vote of, as on the ground that the person in not qualified as a voter.

Challenge (v. i.) To assert a right; to claim a place.

Challengeable (a.) That may be challenged.

Challenger (n.) One who challenges.

Challis (n.) A soft and delicate woolen, or woolen and silk, fabric, for ladies' dresses.

Chalon (n.) A bed blanket.

Chalybean (a.) Of or pertaining to the Chalybes, an ancient people of Pontus in Asia Minor, celebrated for working in iron and steel.

Chalybean (a.) Of superior quality and temper; -- applied to steel.

Chalybeate (a.) Impregnated with salts of iron; having a taste like iron; as, chalybeate springs.

Chalybeate (n.) Any water, liquid, or medicine, into which iron enters as an ingredient.

Chalybeous (a.) Steel blue; of the color of tempered steel.

Chalybite (n.) Native iron carbonate; -- usually called siderite.

Cham (v. t.) To chew.

Cham (n.) The sovereign prince of Tartary; -- now usually written khan.

Chamade (n.) A signal made for a parley by beat of a drum.

Chamal (n.) The Angora goat. See Angora goat, under Angora.

Chamber (n.) A retired room, esp. an upper room used for sleeping; a bedroom; as, the house had four chambers.

Chamber (n.) Apartments in a lodging house.

Chamber (n.) A hall, as where a king gives audience, or a deliberative body or assembly meets; as, presence chamber; senate chamber.

Chamber (n.) A legislative or judicial body; an assembly; a society or association; as, the Chamber of Deputies; the Chamber of Commerce.

Chamber (n.) A compartment or cell; an inclosed space or cavity; as, the chamber of a canal lock; the chamber of a furnace; the chamber of the eye.

Chamber (n.) A room or rooms where a lawyer transacts business; a room or rooms where a judge transacts such official business as may be done out of court.

Chamber (n.) A chamber pot.

Chamber (n.) That part of the bore of a piece of ordnance which holds the charge, esp. when of different diameter from the rest of the bore; -- formerly, in guns, made smaller than the bore, but now larger, esp. in breech-loading guns.

Chamber (n.) A cavity in a mine, usually of a cubical form, to contain the powder.

Chamber (n.) A short piece of ordnance or cannon, which stood on its breech, without any carriage, formerly used chiefly for rejoicings and theatrical cannonades.

Chambered (imp. & p. p.) of Chamber

Chambering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chamber

Chamber (v. i.) To reside in or occupy a chamber or chambers.

Chamber (v. i.) To be lascivious.

Chamber (v. t.) To shut up, as in a chamber.

Chamber (v. t.) To furnish with a chamber; as, to chamber a gun.

Chambered (a.) Having a chamber or chambers; as, a chambered shell; a chambered gun.

Chamberer (n.) One who attends in a chamber; a chambermaid.

Chamberer (n.) A civilian; a carpetmonger.

Chambering (n.) Lewdness.

Chamberlain (n.) An officer or servant who has charge of a chamber or chambers.

Chamberlain (n.) An upper servant of an inn.

Chamberlain (n.) An officer having the direction and management of the private chambers of a nobleman or monarch; hence, in Europe, one of the high officers of a court.

Chamberlain (n.) A treasurer or receiver of public money; as, the chamberlain of London, of North Wales, etc.

Chamberlainship (n.) Office of a chamberlain.

Chambermaid (n.) A maidservant who has the care of chambers, making the beds, sweeping, cleaning the rooms, etc.

Chambermaid (n.) A lady's maid.

Chambertin (n.) A red wine from Chambertin near Dijon, in Burgundy.

Chambrel (n.) Same as Gambrel.

Chameck (n.) A kind of spider monkey (Ateles chameck), having the thumbs rudimentary and without a nail.

Chameleon (n.) A lizardlike reptile of the genus Chamaeleo, of several species, found in Africa, Asia, and Europe. The skin is covered with fine granulations; the tail is prehensile, and the body is much compressed laterally, giving it a high back.

Chameleonize (v. t.) To change into various colors.

Chamfer (n.) The surface formed by cutting away the arris, or angle, formed by two faces of a piece of timber, stone, etc.

Chamfered (imp. & p. p.) of Chamfer

Chamfering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chamfer

Chamfer (v. t.) To cut a furrow in, as in a column; to groove; to channel; to flute.

Chamfer (v. t.) To make a chamfer on.

Chamfret (n.) A small gutter; a furrow; a groove.

Chamfret (n.) A chamfer.

Chamfron (n.) The frontlet, or head armor, of a horse.

Chamlet (n.) See Camlet.

Chamois (n.) A small species of antelope (Rupicapra tragus), living on the loftiest mountain ridges of Europe, as the Alps, Pyrenees, etc. It possesses remarkable agility, and is a favorite object of chase.

Chamois (n.) A soft leather made from the skin of the chamois, or from sheepskin, etc.; -- called also chamois leather, and chammy or shammy leather. See Shammy.

Chamomile (n.) See Camomile.

Champed (imp. & p. p.) of Champ

Champing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Champ

Champ (v. t.) To bite with repeated action of the teeth so as to be heard.

Champ (v. t.) To bite into small pieces; to crunch.

Champ (v. i.) To bite or chew impatiently.

Champ (n.) Alt. of Champe

Champe (n.) The field or ground on which carving appears in relief.

Champagne (n.) A light wine, of several kinds, originally made in the province of Champagne, in France.

Champaign (n.) A flat, open country.

Champaign (a.) Flat; open; level.

Champer (n.) One who champs, or bites.

Champertor (n.) One guilty of champerty; one who purchases a suit, or the right of suing, and carries it on at his own expense, in order to obtain a share of the gain.

Champerty (n.) Partnership in power; equal share of authority.

Champerty (n.) The prosecution or defense of a suit, whether by furnishing money or personal services, by one who has no legitimate concern therein, in consideration of an agreement that he shall receive, in the event of success, a share of the matter in suit; maintenance with the addition of an agreement to divide the thing in suit. See Maintenance.

Champignon (n.) An edible species of mushroom (Agaricus campestris).

Chappion (n.) One who engages in any contest; esp. one who in ancient times contended in single combat in behalf of another's honor or rights; or one who acts or speaks in behalf of a person or a cause; a defender; an advocate; a hero.

Chappion (n.) One who by defeating all rivals, has obtained an acknowledged supremacy in any branch of athetics or game of skill, and is ready to contend with any rival; as, the champion of England.

Championed (imp. & p. p.) of Champion

Championing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Champion

Champion (v. t.) To furnish with a champion; to attend or defend as champion; to support or maintain; to protect.

Championness (n.) A female champion.

Championship (n.) State of being champion; leadership; supremacy.

Champlain period () A subdivision of the Quaternary age immediately following the Glacial period; -- so named from beds near Lake Champlain.

Chamsin (n.) See Kamsin.

Chance (n.) A supposed material or psychical agent or mode of activity other than a force, law, or purpose; fortune; fate; -- in this sense often personified.

Chance (n.) The operation or activity of such agent.

Chance (n.) The supposed effect of such an agent; something that befalls, as the result of unknown or unconsidered forces; the issue of uncertain conditions; an event not calculated upon; an unexpected occurrence; a happening; accident; fortuity; casualty.

Chance (n.) A possibility; a likelihood; an opportunity; -- with reference to a doubtful result; as, a chance to escape; a chance for life; the chances are all against him.

Chance (n.) Probability.

Chanced (imp. & p. p.) of Chance

Chancing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chance

Chance (v. i.) To happen, come, or arrive, without design or expectation.

Chance (v. t.) To take the chances of; to venture upon; -- usually with it as object.

Chance (v. t.) To befall; to happen to.

Chance (a.) Happening by chance; casual.

Chance (adv.) By chance; perchance.

Chanceable (a.) Fortuitous; casual.

Chanceably (adv.) By chance.

Chanceful (a.) Hazardous.

Chancel (v. t.) That part of a church, reserved for the use of the clergy, where the altar, or communion table, is placed.

Chancel (v. t.) All that part of a cruciform church which is beyond the line of the transept farthest from the main front.

Chancellery (n.) Chancellorship.

Chancellor (n.) A judicial court of chancery, which in England and in the United States is distinctively a court with equity jurisdiction.

Chancellorship (n.) The office of a chancellor; the time during which one is chancellor.

Chance-medley (n.) The killing of another in self-defense upon a sudden and unpremeditated encounter. See Chaud-Medley.

Chance-medley (n.) Luck; chance; accident.

Chancery (n.) In England, formerly, the highest court of judicature next to the Parliament, exercising jurisdiction at law, but chiefly in equity; but under the jurisdiction act of 1873 it became the chancery division of the High Court of Justice, and now exercises jurisdiction only in equity.

Chancery (n.) In the Unites States, a court of equity; equity; proceeding in equity.

Chancre (n.) A venereal sore or ulcer; specifically, the initial lesion of true syphilis, whether forming a distinct ulcer or not; -- called also hard chancre, indurated chancre, and Hunterian chancre.

Chancroid (n.) A venereal sore, resembling a chancre in its seat and some external characters, but differing from it in being the starting point of a purely local process and never of a systemic disease; -- called also soft chancre.

Chancrous (a.) Of the nature of a chancre; having chancre.

Chandelier (n.) A candlestick, lamp, stand, gas fixture, or the like, having several branches; esp., one hanging from the ceiling.

Chandelier (n.) A movable parapet, serving to support fascines to cover pioneers.

Chandler (n.) A maker or seller of candles.

Chandler (n.) A dealer in other commodities, which are indicated by a word prefixed; as, ship chandler, corn chandler.

Chandlerly (a.) Like a chandler; in a petty way.

Chandlery (n.) Commodities sold by a chandler.

Chandoo (n.) An extract or preparation of opium, used in China and India for smoking.

Chandry (n.) Chandlery.

Chanfrin (n.) The fore part of a horse's head.

Changed (imp. & p. p.) of Change

Changing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Change

Change (v. t.) To alter; to make different; to cause to pass from one state to another; as, to change the position, character, or appearance of a thing; to change the countenance.

Change (v. t.) To alter by substituting something else for, or by giving up for something else; as, to change the clothes; to change one's occupation; to change one's intention.

Change (v. t.) To give and take reciprocally; to exchange; -- followed by with; as, to change place, or hats, or money, with another.

Change (v. t.) Specifically: To give, or receive, smaller denominations of money (technically called change) for; as, to change a gold coin or a bank bill.

Change (v. i.) To be altered; to undergo variation; as, men sometimes change for the better.

Change (v. i.) To pass from one phase to another; as, the moon changes to-morrow night.

Change (v. t.) Any variation or alteration; a passing from one state or form to another; as, a change of countenance; a change of habits or principles.

Change (v. t.) A succesion or substitution of one thing in the place of another; a difference; novelty; variety; as, a change of seasons.

Change (v. t.) A passing from one phase to another; as, a change of the moon.

Change (v. t.) Alteration in the order of a series; permutation.

Change (v. t.) That which makes a variety, or may be substituted for another.

Change (v. t.) Small money; the money by means of which the larger coins and bank bills are made available in small dealings; hence, the balance returned when payment is tendered by a coin or note exceeding the sum due.

Change (v. t.) A place where merchants and others meet to transact business; a building appropriated for mercantile transactions.

Change (v. t.) A public house; an alehouse.

Change (v. t.) Any order in which a number of bells are struck, other than that of the diatonic scale.

Changeability (n.) Changeableness.

Changeable (a.) Capable of change; subject to alteration; mutable; variable; fickle; inconstant; as, a changeable humor.

Changeable (a.) Appearing different, as in color, in different lights, or under different circumstances; as, changeable silk.

Changeableness (n.) The quality of being changeable; fickleness; inconstancy; mutability.

Changeably (adv.) In a changeable manner.

Changeful (a.) Full of change; mutable; inconstant; fickle; uncertain.

Changeless (a.) That can not be changed; constant; as, a changeless purpose.

Changeling (n.) One who, or that which, is left or taken in the place of another, as a child exchanged by fairies.

Changeling (n.) A simpleton; an idiot.

Changeling (n.) One apt to change; a waverer.

Changeling (a.) Taken or left in place of another; changed.

Changeling (a.) Given to change; inconstant.

Changer (n.) One who changes or alters the form of anything.

Changer (n.) One who deals in or changes money.

Changer (n.) One apt to change; an inconstant person.

Chank (n.) The East Indian name for the large spiral shell of several species of sea conch much used in making bangles, esp. Turbinella pyrum. Called also chank chell.

Channel (n.) The hollow bed where a stream of water runs or may run.

Channel (n.) The deeper part of a river, harbor, strait, etc., where the main current flows, or which affords the best and safest passage for vessels.

Channel (n.) A strait, or narrow sea, between two portions of lands; as, the British Channel.

Channel (n.) That through which anything passes; means of passing, conveying, or transmitting; as, the news was conveyed to us by different channels.

Channel (n.) A gutter; a groove, as in a fluted column.

Channel (n.) Flat ledges of heavy plank bolted edgewise to the outside of a vessel, to increase the spread of the shrouds and carry them clear of the bulwarks.

Channeled (imp. & p. p.) of Channel

Channelled () of Channel

Channeling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Channel

Channelling () of Channel

Channel (v. t.) To form a channel in; to cut or wear a channel or channels in; to groove.

Channel (v. t.) To course through or over, as in a channel.

Channeling (n.) The act or process of forming a channel or channels.

Channeling (n.) A channel or a system of channels; a groove.

Chanson (n.) A song.

Chansonnettes (pl. ) of Chansonnette

Chansonnette (n.) A little song.

Chanted (imp. & p. p.) of Chant

Chanting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chant

Chant (v. t.) To utter with a melodious voice; to sing.

Chant (v. t.) To celebrate in song.

Chant (v. t.) To sing or recite after the manner of a chant, or to a tune called a chant.

Chant (v. i.) To make melody with the voice; to sing.

Chant (v. i.) To sing, as in reciting a chant.

Chant (v. t.) Song; melody.

Chant (v. t.) A short and simple melody, divided into two parts by double bars, to which unmetrical psalms, etc., are sung or recited. It is the most ancient form of choral music.

Chant (v. t.) A psalm, etc., arranged for chanting.

Chant (v. t.) Twang; manner of speaking; a canting tone.

Chantant (a.) Composed in a melodious and singing style.

Chanter (n.) One who chants; a singer or songster.

Chanter (n.) The chief singer of the chantry.

Chanter (n.) The flute or finger pipe in a bagpipe. See Bagpipe.

Chanter (n.) The hedge sparrow.

Chanterelle (n.) A name for several species of mushroom, of which one (Cantharellus cibrius) is edible, the others reputed poisonous.

Chanticleer (n.) A cock, so called from the clearness or loudness of his voice in crowing.

Chanting (n.) Singing, esp. as a chant is sung.

Chantor (n.) A chanter.

Chantress (n.) A female chanter or singer.

Chantries (pl. ) of Chantry

Chantry (n.) An endowment or foundation for the chanting of masses and offering of prayers, commonly for the founder.

Chantry (n.) A chapel or altar so endowed.

Chaomancy (n.) Divination by means of appearances in the air.

Chaos (n.) An empty, immeasurable space; a yawning chasm.

Chaos (n.) The confused, unorganized condition or mass of matter before the creation of distinct and orderly forms.

Chaos (n.) Any confused or disordered collection or state of things; a confused mixture; confusion; disorder.

Chaotic (a.) Resembling chaos; confused.

Chaotically (adv.) In a chaotic manner.

Chapped (imp. & p. p.) of Chap

Chapping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chap

Chap (v. t.) To cause to open in slits or chinks; to split; to cause the skin of to crack or become rough.

Chap (v. t.) To strike; to beat.

Chap (v. i.) To crack or open in slits; as, the earth chaps; the hands chap.

Chap (v. i.) To strike; to knock; to rap.

Chap (n.) A cleft, crack, or chink, as in the surface of the earth, or in the skin.

Chap (n.) A division; a breach, as in a party.

Chap (n.) A blow; a rap.

Chap (n.) One of the jaws or the fleshy covering of a jaw; -- commonly in the plural, and used of animals, and colloquially of human beings.

Chap (n.) One of the jaws or cheeks of a vise, etc.

Chap (n.) A buyer; a chapman.

Chap (n.) A man or boy; a youth; a fellow.

Chap (v. i.) To bargain; to buy.

Chaparral (n.) A thicket of low evergreen oaks.

Chaparral (n.) An almost impenetrable thicket or succession of thickets of thorny shrubs and brambles.

Chapbook (n.) Any small book carried about for sale by chapmen or hawkers. Hence, any small book; a toy book.

Chape (n.) The piece by which an object is attached to something, as the frog of a scabbard or the metal loop at the back of a buckle by which it is fastened to a strap.

Chape (n.) The transverse guard of a sword or dagger.

Chape (n.) The metal plate or tip which protects the end of a scabbard, belt, etc.

Chapeux (pl. ) of Chapeau

Chapeau (n.) A hat or covering for the head.

Chapeau (n.) A cap of maintenance. See Maintenance.

Chaped (p. p. / a.) Furnished with a chape or chapes.

Chapel (n.) A subordinate place of worship

Chapel (n.) a small church, often a private foundation, as for a memorial

Chapel (n.) a small building attached to a church

Chapel (n.) a room or recess in a church, containing an altar.

Chapel (n.) A place of worship not connected with a church; as, the chapel of a palace, hospital, or prison.

Chapel (n.) In England, a place of worship used by dissenters from the Established Church; a meetinghouse.

Chapel (n.) A choir of singers, or an orchestra, attached to the court of a prince or nobleman.

Chapel (n.) A printing office, said to be so called because printing was first carried on in England in a chapel near Westminster Abbey.

Chapel (n.) An association of workmen in a printing office.

Chapel (v. t.) To deposit or inter in a chapel; to enshrine.

Chapel (v. t.) To cause (a ship taken aback in a light breeze) so to turn or make a circuit as to recover, without bracing the yards, the same tack on which she had been sailing.

Chapeless (a.) Without a chape.

Chapelet (n.) A pair of straps, with stirrups, joined at the top and fastened to the pommel or the frame of the saddle, after they have been adjusted to the convenience of the rider.

Chapelet (n.) A kind of chain pump, or dredging machine.

Chapellanies (pl. ) of Chapellany

Chapellany (n.) A chapel within the jurisdiction of a church; a subordinate ecclesiastical foundation.

Chapelry (n.) The territorial district legally assigned to a chapel.

Chaperon (n.) A hood; especially, an ornamental or an official hood.

Chaperon (n.) A device placed on the foreheads of horses which draw the hearse in pompous funerals.

Chaperon (n.) A matron who accompanies a young lady in public, for propriety, or as a guide and protector.

Chaperoned (imp. & p. p.) of Chaperon

Chaperoning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chaperon

Chaperon (v. t.) To attend in public places as a guide and protector; to matronize.

Chaperonage (n.) Attendance of a chaperon on a lady in public; protection afforded by a chaperon.

Chapfallen (a.) Having the lower chap or jaw drooping, -- an indication of humiliation and dejection; crestfallen; discouraged. See Chopfallen.

Chapiter (n.) A capital [Obs.] See Chapital.

Chapiter (n.) A summary in writing of such matters as are to be inquired of or presented before justices in eyre, or justices of assize, or of the peace, in their sessions; -- also called articles.

Chaplain (n.) An ecclesiastic who has a chapel, or who performs religious service in a chapel.

Chaplain (n.) A clergyman who is officially attached to the army or navy, to some public institution, or to a family or court, for the purpose of performing divine service.

Chaplain (n.) Any person (clergyman or layman) chosen to conduct religious exercises for a society, etc.; as, a chaplain of a Masonic or a temperance lodge.

Chaplaincy (n.) The office, position, or station of a chaplain.

Chaplainship (n.) The office or business of a chaplain.

Chaplainship (n.) The possession or revenue of a chapel.

Chapless (a.) Having no lower jaw; hence, fleshless.

Chaplet (n.) A garland or wreath to be worn on the head.

Chaplet (n.) A string of beads, or part of a string, used by Roman Catholic in praying; a third of a rosary, or fifty beads.

Chaplet (n.) A small molding, carved into beads, pearls, olives, etc.

Chaplet (n.) A chapelet. See Chapelet, 1.

Chaplet (n.) A bent piece of sheet iron, or a pin with thin plates on its ends, for holding a core in place in the mold.

Chaplet (n.) A tuft of feathers on a peacock's head.

Chaplet (n.) A small chapel or shrine.

Chapleted (imp. & p. p.) of Chaplet

Chaplet (v. t.) To adorn with a chaplet or with flowers.

Chapmen (pl. ) of Chapman

Chapman (n.) One who buys and sells; a merchant; a buyer or a seller.

Chapman (n.) A peddler; a hawker.

Chappy () Full of chaps; cleft; gaping; open.

Chaps (n. pl.) The jaws, or the fleshy parts about them. See Chap.

Chapter (n.) A division of a book or treatise; as, Genesis has fifty chapters.

Chapter (n.) An assembly of monks, or of the prebends and other clergymen connected with a cathedral, conventual, or collegiate church, or of a diocese, usually presided over by the dean.

Chapter (n.) A community of canons or canonesses.

Chapter (n.) A bishop's council.

Chapter (n.) A business meeting of any religious community.

Chapter (n.) An organized branch of some society or fraternity as of the Freemasons.

Chapter (n.) A meeting of certain organized societies or orders.

Chapter (n.) A chapter house.

Chapter (n.) A decretal epistle.

Chapter (n.) A location or compartment.

Chapter (v. t.) To divide into chapters, as a book.

Chapter (v. t.) To correct; to bring to book, i. e., to demand chapter and verse.

Chaptrel (n.) An impost.

Char (n.) Alt. of Charr

Charr (n.) One of the several species of fishes of the genus Salvelinus, allied to the spotted trout and salmon, inhabiting deep lakes in mountainous regions in Europe. In the United States, the brook trout (Salvelinus fontinalis) is sometimes called a char.

Char (n.) A car; a chariot.

Char (n.) Work done by the day; a single job, or task; a chore.

Char (v. t.) Alt. of Chare

Chare (v. t.) To perform; to do; to finish.

Chare (v. t.) To work or hew, as stone.

Char (v. i.) Alt. of Chare

Chare (v. i.) To work by the day, without being a regularly hired servant; to do small jobs.

Charred (imp. & p. p.) of Char

Charring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Char

Char (n.) To reduce to coal or carbon by exposure to heat; to reduce to charcoal; to burn to a cinder.

Char (n.) To burn slightly or partially; as, to char wood.

Chara (n.) A genus of flowerless plants, having articulated stems and whorled branches. They flourish in wet places.

Chars-a-banc (pl. ) of Char-a-bancs

Char-a-bancs (n.) A long, light, open vehicle, with benches or seats running lengthwise.

Charact (n.) A distinctive mark; a character; a letter or sign. [Obs.] See Character.

Character (n.) A distinctive mark; a letter, figure, or symbol.

Character (n.) Style of writing or printing; handwriting; the peculiar form of letters used by a particular person or people; as, an inscription in the Runic character.

Character (n.) The peculiar quality, or the sum of qualities, by which a person or a thing is distinguished from others; the stamp impressed by nature, education, or habit; that which a person or thing really is; nature; disposition.

Character (n.) Strength of mind; resolution; independence; individuality; as, he has a great deal of character.

Character (n.) Moral quality; the principles and motives that control the life; as, a man of character; his character saves him from suspicion.

Character (n.) Quality, position, rank, or capacity; quality or conduct with respect to a certain office or duty; as, in the miserable character of a slave; in his character as a magistrate; her character as a daughter.

Character (n.) The estimate, individual or general, put upon a person or thing; reputation; as, a man's character for truth and veracity; to give one a bad character.

Character (n.) A written statement as to behavior, competency, etc., given to a servant.

Character (n.) A unique or extraordinary individuality; a person characterized by peculiar or notable traits; a person who illustrates certain phases of character; as, Randolph was a character; Caesar is a great historical character.

Character (n.) One of the persons of a drama or novel.

Charactered (imp. & p. p.) of Character

Character (v. t.) To engrave; to inscribe.

Character (v. t.) To distinguish by particular marks or traits; to describe; to characterize.

Characterism (n.) A distinction of character; a characteristic.

Characteristic (a.) Pertaining to, or serving to constitute, the character; showing the character, or distinctive qualities or traits, of a person or thing; peculiar; distinctive.

Characteristic (n.) A distinguishing trait, quality, or property; an element of character; that which characterized.

Characteristic (n.) The integral part (whether positive or negative) of a logarithm.

Characteristical (a.) Characteristic.

Characteristically (adv.) In a characteristic manner; in a way that characterizes.

Characterization (n.) The act or process of characterizing.

Characterized (imp. & p. p.) of Characterize

Characterizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Characterize

Characterize (v. t.) To make distinct and recognizable by peculiar marks or traits; to make with distinctive features.

Characterize (v. t.) To engrave or imprint.

Characterize (v. t.) To indicate the character of; to describe.

Characterize (v. t.) To be a characteristic of; to make, or express the character of.

Characterless (a.) Destitute of any distinguishing quality; without character or force.

Charactery (n.) The art or means of characterizing; a system of signs or characters; symbolism; distinctive mark.

Charactery (n.) That which is charactered; the meaning.

Charade (n.) A verbal or acted enigma based upon a word which has two or more significant syllables or parts, each of which, as well as the word itself, is to be guessed from the descriptions or representations.

Charbocle (n.) Carbuncle.

Charbon (n.) A small black spot or mark remaining in the cavity of the corner tooth of a horse after the large spot or mark has become obliterated.

Charbon (n.) A very contagious and fatal disease of sheep, horses, and cattle. See Maligmant pustule.

Charcoal (v. t.) Impure carbon prepared from vegetable or animal substances; esp., coal made by charring wood in a kiln, retort, etc., from which air is excluded. It is used for fuel and in various mechanical, artistic, and chemical processes.

Charcoal (v. t.) Finely prepared charcoal in small sticks, used as a drawing implement.

Chard (n.) The tender leaves or leafstalks of the artichoke, white beet, etc., blanched for table use.

Chard (n.) A variety of the white beet, which produces large, succulent leaves and leafstalks.

Chare (n.) A narrow street.

Chare (n. & v.) A chore; to chore; to do. See Char.

Charged (imp. & p. p.) of Charge

Charging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Charge

Charge (v. t.) To lay on or impose, as a load, tax, or burden; to load; to fill.

Charge (v. t.) To lay on or impose, as a task, duty, or trust; to command, instruct, or exhort with authority; to enjoin; to urge earnestly; as, to charge a jury; to charge the clergy of a diocese; to charge an agent.

Charge (v. t.) To lay on, impose, or make subject to or liable for.

Charge (v. t.) To fix or demand as a price; as, he charges two dollars a barrel for apples.

Charge (v. t.) To place something to the account of as a debt; to debit, as, to charge one with goods. Also, to enter upon the debit side of an account; as, to charge a sum to one.

Charge (v. t.) To impute or ascribe; to lay to one's charge.

Charge (v. t.) To accuse; to make a charge or assertion against (a person or thing); to lay the responsibility (for something said or done) at the door of.

Charge (v. t.) To place within or upon any firearm, piece of apparatus or machinery, the quantity it is intended and fitted to hold or bear; to load; to fill; as, to charge a gun; to charge an electrical machine, etc.

Charge (v. t.) To ornament with or cause to bear; as, to charge an architectural member with a molding.

Charge (v. t.) To assume as a bearing; as, he charges three roses or; to add to or represent on; as, he charges his shield with three roses or.

Charge (v. t.) To call to account; to challenge.

Charge (v. t.) To bear down upon; to rush upon; to attack.

Charge (v. i.) To make an onset or rush; as, to charge with fixed bayonets.

Charge (v. i.) To demand a price; as, to charge high for goods.

Charge (v. i.) To debit on an account; as, to charge for purchases.

Charge (v. i.) To squat on its belly and be still; -- a command given by a sportsman to a dog.

Charge (v. t.) A load or burder laid upon a person or thing.

Charge (v. t.) A person or thing commited or intrusted to the care, custody, or management of another; a trust.

Charge (v. t.) Custody or care of any person, thing, or place; office; responsibility; oversight; obigation; duty.

Charge (v. t.) Heed; care; anxiety; trouble.

Charge (v. t.) Harm.

Charge (v. t.) An order; a mandate or command; an injunction.

Charge (v. t.) An address (esp. an earnest or impressive address) containing instruction or exhortation; as, the charge of a judge to a jury; the charge of a bishop to his clergy.

Charge (v. t.) An accusation of a wrong of offense; allegation; indictment; specification of something alleged.

Charge (v. t.) Whatever constitutes a burden on property, as rents, taxes, lines, etc.; costs; expense incurred; -- usually in the plural.

Charge (v. t.) The price demanded for a thing or service.

Charge (v. t.) An entry or a account of that which is due from one party to another; that which is debited in a business transaction; as, a charge in an account book.

Charge (v. t.) That quantity, as of ammunition, electricity, ore, fuel, etc., which any apparatus, as a gun, battery, furnace, machine, etc., is intended to receive and fitted to hold, or which is actually in it at one time

Charge (v. t.) The act of rushing upon, or towards, an enemy; a sudden onset or attack, as of troops, esp. cavalry; hence, the signal for attack; as, to sound the charge.

Charge (v. t.) A position (of a weapon) fitted for attack; as, to bring a weapon to the charge.

Charge (v. t.) A soft of plaster or ointment.

Charge (v. t.) A bearing. See Bearing, n., 8.

Charge (n.) Thirty-six pigs of lead, each pig weighing about seventy pounds; -- called also charre.

Charge (n.) Weight; import; value.

Chargeable (a.) That may be charged, laid, imposed, or imputes; as, a duty chargeable on iron; a fault chargeable on a man.

Chargeable (a.) Subject to be charge or accused; liable or responsible; as, revenues chargeable with a claim; a man chargeable with murder.

Chargeable (a.) Serving to create expense; costly; burdensome.

Chargeableness (n.) The quality of being chargeable or expensive.

Chargeably (adv.) At great cost; expensively.

Chargeant (a.) Burdensome; troublesome.

Charges d'affaires (pl. ) of Charge d'affaires

Charge d'affaires (n.) A diplomatic representative, or minister of an inferior grade, accredited by the government of one state to the minister of foreign affairs of another; also, a substitute, ad interim, for an ambassador or minister plenipotentiary.

Chargeful (a.) Costly; expensive.

Chargehouse (n.) A schoolhouse.

Chargeless (a.) Free from, or with little, charge.

Chargeous (a.) Burdensome.

Charger (n.) One who, or that which charges.

Charger (n.) An instrument for measuring or inserting a charge.

Charger (n.) A large dish.

Charger (n.) A horse for battle or parade.

Chargeship (n.) The office of a charge d'affaires.

Charily (adv.) In a chary manner; carefully; cautiously; frugally.

Chariness (n.) The quality of being chary.

Chariot (n.) A two-wheeled car or vehicle for war, racing, state processions, etc.

Chariot (n.) A four-wheeled pleasure or state carriage, having one seat.

Charioted (imp. & p. p.) of Chariot

Charioting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chariot

Chariot (v. t.) To convey in a chariot.

Chariotee (n.) A light, covered, four-wheeled pleasure carriage with two seats.

Charioteer (n.) One who drives a chariot.

Charioteer (n.) A constellation. See Auriga, and Wagones.

Charism (n.) A miraculously given power, as of healing, speaking foreign languages without instruction, etc., attributed to some of the early Christians.

Charismatic (a.) Of or pertaining to a charism.

Charitable (a.) Full of love and good will; benevolent; kind.

Charitable (a.) Liberal in judging of others; disposed to look on the best side, and to avoid harsh judgment.

Charitable (a.) Liberal in benefactions to the poor; giving freely; generous; beneficent.

Charitable (a.) Of or pertaining to charity; springing from, or intended for, charity; relating to almsgiving; eleemosynary; as, a charitable institution.

Charitable (a.) Dictated by kindness; favorable; lenient.

Charitableness (n.) The quality of being charitable; the exercise of charity.

Charitably (adv.) In a charitable manner.

Charities (pl. ) of Charity

Charity (n.) Love; universal benevolence; good will.

Charity (n.) Liberality in judging of men and their actions; a disposition which inclines men to put the best construction on the words and actions of others.

Charity (n.) Liberality to the poor and the suffering, to benevolent institutions, or to worthy causes; generosity.

Charity (n.) Whatever is bestowed gratuitously on the needy or suffering for their relief; alms; any act of kindness.

Charity (n.) A charitable institution, or a gift to create and support such an institution; as, Lady Margaret's charity.

Charity (n.) Eleemosynary appointments [grants or devises] including relief of the poor or friendless, education, religious culture, and public institutions.

Charivari (n.) A mock serenade of discordant noises, made with kettles, tin horns, etc., designed to annoy and insult.

Chark (n.) Charcoal; a cinder.

Charked (imp. & p. p.) of Chark

Chark (v. t.) To burn to a coal; to char.

Charlatan (n.) One who prates much in his own favor, and makes unwarrantable pretensions; a quack; an impostor; an empiric; a mountebank.

Charlatanic (a.) Alt. of Charlatanical

Charlatanical (a.) Of or like a charlatan; making undue pretension; empirical; pretentious; quackish.

Charlatanism (n.) Charlatanry.

Charlatanry (n.) Undue pretensions to skill; quackery; wheedling; empiricism.

Charles's Wain () The group of seven stars, commonly called the Dipper, in the constellation Ursa Major, or Great Bear. See Ursa major, under Ursa.

Charlock (n.) A cruciferous plant (Brassica sinapistrum) with yellow flowers; wild mustard. It is troublesome in grain fields. Called also chardock, chardlock, chedlock, and kedlock.

Charlotte (n.) A kind of pie or pudding made by lining a dish with slices of bread, and filling it with bread soaked in milk, and baked.

Charm (n.) A melody; a song.

Charm (n.) A word or combination of words sung or spoken in the practice of magic; a magical combination of words, characters, etc.; an incantation.

Charm (n.) That which exerts an irresistible power to please and attract; that which fascinates; any alluring quality.

Charm (n.) Anything worn for its supposed efficacy to the wearer in averting ill or securing good fortune.

Charm (n.) Any small decorative object worn on the person, as a seal, a key, a silver whistle, or the like. Bunches of charms are often worn at the watch chain.

Charmed (imp. & p. p.) of Charm

Charming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Charm

Charm (n.) To make music upon; to tune.

Charm (n.) To subdue, control, or summon by incantation or supernatural influence; to affect by magic.

Charm (n.) To subdue or overcome by some secret power, or by that which gives pleasure; to allay; to soothe.

Charm (n.) To attract irresistibly; to delight exceedingly; to enchant; to fascinate.

Charm (n.) To protect with, or make invulnerable by, spells, charms, or supernatural influences; as, a charmed life.

Charm (v. i.) To use magic arts or occult power; to make use of charms.

Charm (v. i.) To act as, or produce the effect of, a charm; to please greatly; to be fascinating.

Charm (v. i.) To make a musical sound.

Charmel (n.) A fruitful field.

Charmer (n.) One who charms, or has power to charm; one who uses the power of enchantment; a magician.

Charmer (n.) One who delights and attracts the affections.

Charmeress (n.) An enchantress.

Charmful (a.) Abounding with charms.

Charming (a.) Pleasing the mind or senses in a high degree; delighting; fascinating; attractive.

Charmless (a.) Destitute of charms.

Charneco (n.) Alt. of Charnico

Charnico (n.) A sort of sweet wine.

Charnel (a.) Containing the bodies of the dead.

Charnel (n.) A charnel house; a grave; a cemetery.

Charon (n.) The son of Erebus and Nox, whose office it was to ferry the souls of the dead over the Styx, a river of the infernal regions.

Charpie (n.) Straight threads obtained by unraveling old linen cloth; -- used for surgical dressings.

Charqui (n.) Jerked beef; beef cut into long strips and dried in the wind and sun.

Charr (n.) See 1st Char.

Charras (n.) The gum resin of the hemp plant (Cannabis sativa). Same as Churrus.

Charre (n.) See Charge, n., 17.

Charry (a.) Pertaining to charcoal, or partaking of its qualities.

Chart (n.) A sheet of paper, pasteboard, or the like, on which information is exhibited, esp. when the information is arranged in tabular form; as, an historical chart.

Chart (n.) A map; esp., a hydrographic or marine map; a map on which is projected a portion of water and the land which it surrounds, or by which it is surrounded, intended especially for the use of seamen; as, the United States Coast Survey charts; the English Admiralty charts.

Chart (n.) A written deed; a charter.

Charted (imp. & p. p.) of Chart

Chart (v. t.) To lay down in a chart; to map; to delineate; as, to chart a coast.

Charta (n.) Material on which instruments, books, etc., are written; parchment or paper.

Charta (n.) A charter or deed; a writing by which a grant is made. See Magna Charta.

Chartaceous (a.) Resembling paper or parchment; of paper-like texture; papery.

Charte (n.) The constitution, or fundamental law, of the French monarchy, as established on the restoration of Louis XVIII., in 1814.

Charter (n.) A written evidence in due form of things done or granted, contracts made, etc., between man and man; a deed, or conveyance.

Charter (n.) An instrument in writing, from the sovereign power of a state or country, executed in due form, bestowing rights, franchises, or privileges.

Charter (n.) An act of a legislative body creating a municipal or other corporation and defining its powers and privileges. Also, an instrument in writing from the constituted authorities of an order or society (as the Freemasons), creating a lodge and defining its powers.

Charter (n.) A special privilege, immunity, or exemption.

Charter (n.) The letting or hiring a vessel by special contract, or the contract or instrument whereby a vessel is hired or let; as, a ship is offered for sale or charter. See Charter party, below.

Chartered (imp. & p. p.) of Charter

Chartering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Charter

Charter (v. t.) To establish by charter.

Charter (v. t.) To hire or let by charter, as a ship. See Charter party, under Charter, n.

Chartered (a.) Granted or established by charter; having, or existing under, a charter; having a privilege by charter.

Chartered (a.) Hired or let by charter, as a ship.

Charterer (n.) One who charters; esp. one who hires a ship for a voyage.

Charterhouse (n.) A well known public school and charitable foundation in the building once used as a Carthusian monastery (Chartreuse) in London.

Charterist (n.) Same as Chartist.

Chartism (n.) The principles of a political party in England (1838-48), which contended for universal suffrage, the vote by ballot, annual parliaments, equal electoral districts, and other radical reforms, as set forth in a document called the People's Charter.

Chartist (n.) A supporter or partisan of chartism.

Chartless (a.) Without a chart; having no guide.

Chartless (a.) Not mapped; uncharted; vague.

Chartographer (n.) Alt. of Chartography

Chartographic (n.) Alt. of Chartography

Chartography (n.) Same as Cartographer, Cartographic, Cartography, etc.

Chartomancy (n.) Divination by written paper or by cards.

Chartometer (n.) An instrument for measuring charts or maps.

Chartreuse (n.) A Carthusian monastery; esp. La Grande Chartreuse, mother house of the order, in the mountains near Grenoble, France.

Chartreuse (n.) An alcoholic cordial, distilled from aromatic herbs; -- made at La Grande Chartreuse.

Chartreux (n.) A Carthusian.

Chartulary (n.) See Cartulary.

Charwomen (pl. ) of Charwoman

Charwoman (n.) A woman hired for odd work or for single days.

Chary (a.) Careful; wary; cautious; not rash, reckless, or spendthrift; saving; frugal.

Charybdis (n.) A dangerous whirlpool on the coast of Sicily opposite Scylla on the Italian coast. It is personified as a female monster. See Scylla.

Chasable (a.) Capable of being chased; fit for hunting.

Chased (imp. & p. p.) of Chase

Chasing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chase

Chase (v. t.) To pursue for the purpose of killing or taking, as an enemy, or game; to hunt.

Chase (v. t.) To follow as if to catch; to pursue; to compel to move on; to drive by following; to cause to fly; -- often with away or off; as, to chase the hens away.

Chase (v. t.) To pursue eagerly, as hunters pursue game.

Chase (v. i.) To give chase; to hunt; as, to chase around after a doctor.

Chase (v.) Vehement pursuit for the purpose of killing or capturing, as of an enemy, or game; an earnest seeking after any object greatly desired; the act or habit of hunting; a hunt.

Chase (v.) That which is pursued or hunted.

Chase (v.) An open hunting ground to which game resorts, and which is private properly, thus differing from a forest, which is not private property, and from a park, which is inclosed. Sometimes written chace.

Chase (v.) A division of the floor of a gallery, marked by a figure or otherwise; the spot where a ball falls, and between which and the dedans the adversary must drive his ball in order to gain a point.

Chase (n.) A rectangular iron frame in which pages or columns of type are imposed.

Chase (n.) The part of a cannon from the reenforce or the trunnions to the swell of the muzzle. See Cannon.

Chase (n.) A groove, or channel, as in the face of a wall; a trench, as for the reception of drain tile.

Chase (n.) A kind of joint by which an overlap joint is changed to a flush joint, by means of a gradually deepening rabbet, as at the ends of clinker-built boats.

Chase (v. t.) To ornament (a surface of metal) by embossing, cutting away parts, and the like.

Chase (v. t.) To cut, so as to make a screw thread.

Chaser (n.) One who or that which chases; a pursuer; a driver; a hunter.

Chaser (n.) Same as Chase gun, esp. in terms bow chaser and stern chaser. See under Bow, Stern.

Chaser (n.) One who chases or engraves. See 5th Chase, and Enchase.

Chaser (n.) A tool with several points, used for cutting or finishing screw threads, either external or internal, on work revolving in a lathe.

Chasible (n.) See Chasuble.

Chasing (n.) The art of ornamenting metal by means of chasing tools; also, a piece of ornamental work produced in this way.

Chasm (n.) A deep opening made by disruption, as a breach in the earth or a rock; a yawning abyss; a cleft; a fissure.

Chasm (n.) A void space; a gap or break, as in ranks of men.

Chasmed (a.) Having gaps or a chasm.

Chasmy (a.) Of or pertaining to a chasm; abounding in chasms.

Chasse (n.) A movement in dancing, as across or to the right or left.

Chasse (v. i.) To make the movement called chasse; as, all chasse; chasse to the right or left.

Chasselas (n.) A white grape, esteemed for the table.

Chassepot (n.) A kind of breechloading, center-fire rifle, or improved needle gun.

Chasseur (n.) One of a body of light troops, cavalry or infantry, trained for rapid movements.

Chasseur (n.) An attendant upon persons of rank or wealth, wearing a plume and sword.

Chassis (n.) A traversing base frame, or movable railway, along which the carriage of a barbette or casemate gun moves backward and forward. [See Gun carriage.]

Chast (v. t.) to chasten.

Chaste (a.) Pure from unlawful sexual intercourse; virtuous; continent.

Chaste (a.) Pure in thought and act; innocent; free from lewdness and obscenity, or indecency in act or speech; modest; as, a chaste mind; chaste eyes.

Chaste (a.) Pure in design and expression; correct; free from barbarisms or vulgarisms; refined; simple; as, a chaste style in composition or art.

Chaste (a.) Unmarried.

Chastely (adv.) In a chaste manner; with purity.

Chastened (imp. & p. p.) of Chasten

Chastening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chasten

Chasten (v. t.) To correct by punishment; to inflict pain upon the purpose of reclaiming; to discipline; as, to chasten a son with a rod.

Chasten (v. t.) To purify from errors or faults; to refine.

Chastened (a.) Corrected; disciplined; refined; purified; toned down.

Chastener (n.) One who chastens.

Chasteness (n.) Chastity; purity.

Chasteness (n.) Freedom from all that is meretricious, gaudy, or affected; as, chasteness of design.

Chastisable (a.) Capable or deserving of chastisement; punishable.

Chastised (imp. & p. p.) of Chastise

Chastising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chastise

Chastise (v. t.) To inflict pain upon, by means of stripes, or in any other manner, for the purpose of punishment or reformation; to punish, as with stripes.

Chastise (v. t.) To reduce to order or obedience; to correct or purify; to free from faults or excesses.

Chastisement (n.) The act of chastising; pain inflicted for punishment and correction; discipline; punishment.

Chastiser (n.) One who chastises; a punisher; a corrector.

Chastity (n.) The state of being chaste; purity of body; freedom from unlawful sexual intercourse.

Chastity (n.) Moral purity.

Chastity (n.) The unmarried life; celibacy.

Chastity (n.) Chasteness.

Chasuble (n.) The outer vestment worn by the priest in saying Mass, consisting, in the Roman Catholic Church, of a broad, flat, back piece, and a narrower front piece, the two connected over the shoulders only. The back has usually a large cross, the front an upright bar or pillar, designed to be emblematical of Christ's sufferings. In the Greek Church the chasuble is a large round mantle.

Chatted (imp. & p. p.) of Chat

Chatting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chat

Chat (v. i.) To talk in a light and familiar manner; to converse without form or ceremony; to gossip.

Chat (v. t.) To talk of.

Chat (n.) Light, familiar talk; conversation; gossip.

Chat (n.) A bird of the genus Icteria, allied to the warblers, in America. The best known species are the yellow-breasted chat (I. viridis), and the long-tailed chat (I. longicauda). In Europe the name is given to several birds of the family Saxicolidae, as the stonechat, and whinchat.

Chat (n.) A twig, cone, or little branch. See Chit.

Chat (n.) Small stones with ore.

Chateux (pl. ) of Chateau

Chateau (n.) A castle or a fortress in France.

Chateau (n.) A manor house or residence of the lord of the manor; a gentleman's country seat; also, particularly, a royal residence; as, the chateau of the Louvre; the chateau of the Luxembourg.

Chatelaine (n.) An ornamental hook, or brooch worn by a lady at her waist, and having a short chain or chains attached for a watch, keys, trinkets, etc. Also used adjectively; as, a chatelaine chain.

Chatelet (n.) A little castle.

Chatellany (n.) Same as Castellany.

Chati (n.) A small South American species of tiger cat (Felis mitis).

Chatoyant (a.) Having a changeable, varying luster, or color, like that of a changeable silk, or oa a cat's eye in the dark.

Chatoyant (n.) A hard stone, as the cat's-eye, which presents on a polished surface, and in the interior, an undulating or wary light.

Chatoyment (n.) Changeableness of color, as in a mineral; play of colors.

Chattel (n.) Any item of movable or immovable property except the freehold, or the things which are parcel of it. It is a more extensive term than goods or effects.

Chattelism (n.) The act or condition of holding chattels; the state of being a chattel.

Chattered (imp. & p. p.) of Chatter

Chattering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chatter

Chatter (v. i.) To utter sounds which somewhat resemble language, but are inarticulate and indistinct.

Chatter (v. i.) To talk idly, carelessly, or with undue rapidity; to jabber; to prate.

Chatter (v. i.) To make a noise by rapid collisions.

Chatter (v. t.) To utter rapidly, idly, or indistinctly.

Chatter (n.) Sounds like those of a magpie or monkey; idle talk; rapid, thoughtless talk; jabber; prattle.

Chatter (n.) Noise made by collision of the teeth, as in shivering.

Chatteration (n.) The act or habit of chattering.

Chatterer (n.) A prater; an idle talker.

Chatterer (n.) A bird of the family Ampelidae -- so called from its monotonous note. The Bohemion chatterer (Ampelis garrulus) inhabits the arctic regions of both continents. In America the cedar bird is a more common species. See Bohemian chatterer, and Cedar bird.

Chattering (n.) The act or habit of talking idly or rapidly, or of making inarticulate sounds; the sounds so made; noise made by the collision of the teeth; chatter.

Chattiness (n.) The quality of being chatty, or of talking easily and pleasantly.

Chatty (a.) Given to light, familiar talk; talkative.

Chatty (n.) A porous earthen pot used in India for cooling water, etc.

Chatwood (n.) Little sticks; twigs for burning; fuel.

Chaud-medley (n.) The killing of a person in an affray, in the heat of blood, and while under the influence of passion, thus distinguished from chance-medley or killing in self-defense, or in a casual affray.

Chaudron (n.) See Chawdron.

Chauffer (n.) A table stove or small furnace, usually a cylindrical box of sheet iron, with a grate at the bottom, and an open top.

Chauldron (n.) See Chawdron.

Chaun (n.) A gap.

Chaun (v. t. & i.) To open; to yawn.

Chaunt (n. & v.) See Chant.

Chaunter (n.) A street seller of ballads and other broadsides.

Chaunter (n.) A deceitful, tricky dealer or horse jockey.

Chaunter (n.) The flute of a bagpipe. See Chanter, n., 3.

Chaunterie (n.) See Chantry.

Chaus (n.) a lynxlike animal of Asia and Africa (Lynx Lybicus).

Chausses (n. pl.) The garment for the legs and feet and for the body below the waist, worn in Europe throughout the Middle Ages; applied also to the armor for the same parts, when fixible, as of chain mail.

Chaussure (n.) A foot covering of any kind.

Chauvinism (n.) Blind and absurd devotion to a fallen leader or an obsolete cause; hence, absurdly vainglorious or exaggerated patriotism.

Chavender (n.) The chub.

Chawed (imp. & p. p.) of Chaw

Chawing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chaw

Chaw (v. t.) To grind with the teeth; to masticate, as food in eating; to chew, as the cud; to champ, as the bit.

Chaw (v. t.) To ruminate in thought; to consider; to keep the mind working upon; to brood over.

Chaw (v. t.) As much as is put in the mouth at once; a chew; a quid.

Chaw (v. t.) The jaw.

Chawdron (n.) Entrails.

Chay root () The root of the Oldenlandia umbellata, native in India, which yieds a durable red dyestuff.

Chazy epoch () An epoch at the close of the Canadian period of the American Lower Silurian system; -- so named from a township in Clinton Co., New York. See the Diagram under Geology.

Cheap (n.) A bargain; a purchase; cheapness.

Cheap (n.) Having a low price in market; of small cost or price, as compared with the usual price or the real value.

Cheap (n.) Of comparatively small value; common; mean.

Cheap (adv.) Cheaply.

Cheap (v. i.) To buy; to bargain.

Cheapened (imp. & p. p.) of Cheapen

Cheapening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cheapen

Cheapen (v. t.) To ask the price of; to bid, bargain, or chaffer for.

Cheapen (a.) To beat down the price of; to lessen the value of; to depreciate.

Cheapener (n.) One who cheapens.

Cheap-jack (n.) Alt. of Cheap-john

Cheap-john (n.) A seller of low-priced or second goods; a hawker.

Cheaply (adv.) At a small price; at a low value; in a common or inferior manner.

Cheapness (n.) Lowness in price, considering the usual price, or real value.

Chear (n. & v.) See Cheer.

Cheat (n.) An act of deception or fraud; that which is the means of fraud or deception; a fraud; a trick; imposition; imposture.

Cheat (n.) One who cheats or deceives; an impostor; a deceiver; a cheater.

Cheat (n.) A troublesome grass, growing as a weed in grain fields; -- called also chess. See Chess.

Cheat (n.) The obtaining of property from another by an intentional active distortion of the truth.

Cheated (imp. & p. p.) of Cheat

Cheating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cheat

Cheat (n.) To deceive and defraud; to impose upon; to trick; to swindle.

Cheat (n.) To beguile.

Cheat (v. i.) To practice fraud or trickery; as, to cheat at cards.

Cheat (n.) Wheat, or bread made from wheat.

Cheatable (a.) Capable of being cheated.

Cheatableness (n.) Capability of being cheated.

Cheater (n.) One who cheats.

Cheater (n.) An escheator.

Chebacco (n.) A narrow-sterned boat formerly much used in the Newfoundland fisheries; -- called also pinkstern and chebec.

Chebec (n.) See Chebacco.

Chebec (n.) A small American bird (Empidonax minimus); the least flycatcher.

Check (n.) A word of warning denoting that the king is in danger; such a menace of a player's king by an adversary's move as would, if it were any other piece, expose it to immediate capture. A king so menaced is said to be in check, and must be made safe at the next move.

Check (n.) A condition of interrupted or impeded progress; arrest; stop; delay; as, to hold an enemy in check.

Check (n.) Whatever arrests progress, or limits action; an obstacle, guard, restraint, or rebuff.

Check (n.) A mark, certificate, or token, by which, errors may be prevented, or a thing or person may be identified; as, checks placed against items in an account; a check given for baggage; a return check on a railroad.

Check (n.) A written order directing a bank or banker to pay money as therein stated. See Bank check, below.

Check (n.) A woven or painted design in squares resembling the patten of a checkerboard; one of the squares of such a design; also, cloth having such a figure.

Check (n.) The forsaking by a hawk of its proper game to follow other birds.

Check (n.) Small chick or crack.

Checked (imp. & p. p.) of Check

Checking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Check

Check (v. t.) To make a move which puts an adversary's piece, esp. his king, in check; to put in check.

Check (v. t.) To put a sudden restraint upon; to stop temporarily; to hinder; to repress; to curb.

Check (v. t.) To verify, to guard, to make secure, by means of a mark, token, or other check; to distinguish by a check; to put a mark against (an item) after comparing with an original or a counterpart in order to secure accuracy; as, to check an account; to check baggage.

Check (v. t.) To chide, rebuke, or reprove.

Check (v. t.) To slack or ease off, as a brace which is too stiffly extended.

Check (v. t.) To make checks or chinks in; to cause to crack; as, the sun checks timber.

Check (v. i.) To make a stop; to pause; -- with at.

Check (v. i.) To clash or interfere.

Check (v. i.) To act as a curb or restraint.

Check (v. i.) To crack or gape open, as wood in drying; or to crack in small checks, as varnish, paint, etc.

Check (v. i.) To turn, when in pursuit of proper game, and fly after other birds.

Check (a.) Checkered; designed in checks.

Checkage (n.) The act of checking; as, the checkage of a name or of an item in a list.

Checkage (n.) The items, or the amount, to which attention is called by a check or checks.

Checker (v. t.) One who checks.

Checkered (imp. & p. p.) of Checker

Checkering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Checker

Checker (n.) To mark with small squares like a checkerboard, as by crossing stripes of different colors.

Checker (n.) To variegate or diversify with different qualities, colors, scenes, or events; esp., to subject to frequent alternations of prosperity and adversity.

Checker (v. t.) A piece in the game of draughts or checkers.

Checker (v. t.) A pattern in checks; a single check.

Checker (v. t.) Checkerwork.

Checkerberries (pl. ) of Checkerberry

Checkerberry (n.) A spicy plant and its bright red berry; the wintergreen (Gaultheria procumbens). Also incorrectly applied to the partridge berry (Mitchella repens).

Checkerboard (n.) A board with sixty-four squares of alternate color, used for playing checkers or draughts.

Checkered (a.) Marked with alternate squares or checks of different color or material.

Checkered (a.) Diversified or variegated in a marked manner, as in appearance, character, circumstances, etc.

Checkers (v.) A game, called also daughts, played on a checkerboard by two persons, each having twelve men (counters or checkers) which are moved diagonally. The game is ended when either of the players has lost all his men, or can not move them.

Checkerwork (n.) Work consisting of or showing checkers varied alternately as to colors or materials.

Checkerwork (n.) Any aggregate of varied vicissitudes.

Checklaton (n.) Ciclatoun.

Checklaton (n.) Gilded leather.

Checkless (a.) That can not be checked or restrained.

Checkmate (n.) The position in the game of chess when a king is in check and cannot be released, -- which ends the game.

Checkmate (n.) A complete check; utter defeat or overthrow.

Checkmated (imp. & p. p.) of Checkmate

Checkmating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Checkmate

Checkmate (v. t.) To check (an adversary's king) in such a manner that escape in impossible; to defeat (an adversary) by putting his king in check from which there is no escape.

Checkmate (v. t.) To defeat completely; to terminate; to thwart.

Checkrein (n.) A short rein looped over the check hook to prevent a horse from lowering his head; -- called also a bearing rein.

Checkrein (n.) A branch rein connecting the driving rein of one horse of a span or pair with the bit of the other horse.

Checkroll (n.) A list of servants in a household; -- called also chequer roll.

Checkstring (n.) A cord by which a person in a carriage or horse car may signal to the driver.

Checkwork (n.) Anything made so as to form alternate squares like those of a checkerboard.

Checky (a.) Divided into small alternating squares of two tinctures; -- said of the field or of an armorial bearing.

Cheddar (a.) Of or pertaining to, or made at, Cheddar, in England; as, Cheddar cheese.

Cheek (n.) The side of the face below the eye.

Cheek (n.) The cheek bone.

Cheek (n.) Those pieces of a machine, or of any timber, or stone work, which form corresponding sides, or which are similar and in pair; as, the cheeks (jaws) of a vise; the cheeks of a gun carriage, etc.

Cheek (n.) The branches of a bridle bit.

Cheek (n.) A section of a flask, so made that it can be moved laterally, to permit the removal of the pattern from the mold; the middle part of a flask.

Cheek (n.) Cool confidence; assurance; impudence.

Cheek (v. t.) To be impudent or saucy to.

Cheeked (a.) Having a cheek; -- used in composition.

Cheeky () a Brazen-faced; impudent; bold.

Cheeped (imp. & p. p.) of Cheep

Cheep (v. i.) To chirp, as a young bird.

Cheep (v. t.) To give expression to in a chirping tone.

Cheep (n.) A chirp, peep, or squeak, as of a young bird or mouse.

Cheer (n.) The face; the countenance or its expression.

Cheer (n.) Feeling; spirit; state of mind or heart.

Cheer (n.) Gayety; mirth; cheerfulness; animation.

Cheer (n.) That which promotes good spirits or cheerfulness; provisions prepared for a feast; entertainment; as, a table loaded with good cheer.

Cheer (n.) A shout, hurrah, or acclamation, expressing joy enthusiasm, applause, favor, etc.

Cheered (imp. & p. p.) of Cheer

Cheering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cheer

Cheer (v. t.) To cause to rejoice; to gladden; to make cheerful; -- often with up.

Cheer (v. t.) To infuse life, courage, animation, or hope, into; to inspirit; to solace or comfort.

Cheer (v. t.) To salute or applaud with cheers; to urge on by cheers; as, to cheer hounds in a chase.

Cheer (v. i.) To grow cheerful; to become gladsome or joyous; -- usually with up.

Cheer (v. i.) To be in any state or temper of mind.

Cheer (v. i.) To utter a shout or shouts of applause, triumph, etc.

Cheerer (n.) One who cheers; one who, or that which, gladdens.

Cheerful (a.) Having or showing good spirits or joy; cheering; cheery; contented; happy; joyful; lively; animated; willing.

Cheerfully (adv.) In a cheerful manner, gladly.

Cheerfulness (n.) Good spirits; a state of moderate joy or gayety; alacrity.

Cheerily (adv.) In a cheery manner.

Cheeriness (n.) The state of being cheery.

Cheeringly (adv.) In a manner to cheer or encourage.

Cheerisness (n.) Cheerfulness.

Cheerless (a.) Without joy, gladness, or comfort.

Cheerly (a.) Gay; cheerful.

Cheerly (adv.) Cheerily.

Cheerry (a.) Cheerful; lively; gay; bright; pleasant; as, a cheery person.

Cheese (n.) The curd of milk, coagulated usually with rennet, separated from the whey, and pressed into a solid mass in a hoop or mold.

Cheese (n.) A mass of pomace, or ground apples, pressed together in the form of a cheese.

Cheese (n.) The flat, circular, mucilaginous fruit of the dwarf mallow (Malva rotundifolia).

Cheese (n.) A low courtesy; -- so called on account of the cheese form assumed by a woman's dress when she stoops after extending the skirts by a rapid gyration.

Cheeselep (n.) A bag in which rennet is kept.

Cheesemonger (n.) One who deals in cheese.

Cheeseparing (n.) A thin portion of the rind of a cheese.

Cheeseparing (a.) Scrimping; mean; as, cheeseparing economy.

Cheesiness (n.) The quality of being cheesy.

Cheesy (a.) Having the nature, qualities, taste, form, consistency, or appearance of cheese.

Cheetah (n.) A species of leopard (Cynaelurus jubatus) tamed and used for hunting in India. The woolly cheetah of South Africa is C. laneus.

Chef (n.) A chief of head person.

Chef (n.) The head cook of large establishment, as a club, a family, etc.

Chef (n.) Same as Chief.

Chefs-d'oeuvre (pl. ) of Chef-d'oeuvre

Chef-d'oeuvre (n.) A masterpiece; a capital work in art, literature, etc.

Chegoe (n.) Alt. of Chegre

Chegre (n.) See Chigoe.

Cheiloplasty (n.) The process of forming an artificial tip or part of a lip, by using for the purpose a piece of healthy tissue taken from some neighboring part.

Cheilopoda (n.) See Ch/lopoda.

Cheirepter (n.) One of the Cheiroptera.

Cheiroptera (n. pl.) An order of mammalia, including the bats, having four toes of each of the anterior limbs elongated and connected by a web, so that they can be used like wings in flying. See Bat.

Cheiropterous (a.) Belonging to the Cheiroptera, or Bat family.

Cheiropterygia (pl. ) of Cheiropterygium

Cheiropterygium (n.) The typical pentadactyloid limb of the higher vertebrates.

Cheirosophy (n.) The art of reading character as it is delineated in the hand.

Cheirotherium (n.) A genus of extinct animals, so named from fossil footprints rudely resembling impressions of the human hand, and believed to have been made by labyrinthodont reptiles. See Illustration in Appendix.

Chekelatoun (n.) See Ciclatoun.

Chekmak (n.) A turkish fabric of silk and cotton, with gold thread interwoven.

Chelae (pl. ) of Chela

Chela (n.) The pincherlike claw of Crustacea and Arachnida.

Chelate (a.) Same as Cheliferous.

Chelerythrine (n.) An alkaloidal principle obtained from the celandine, and named from the red color of its salts. It is a colorless crystalline substance, and acts as an acrid narcotic poison. It is identical with sanguinarine.

Chelicerae (pl. ) of Chelicera

Chelicera (n.) One of the anterior pair of mouth organs, terminated by a pincherlike claw, in scorpions and allied Arachnida. They are homologous with the falcers of spiders, and probably with the mandibles of insects.

Chelidon (n.) The hollow at the flexure of the arm.

Chelidonic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, the celandine.

Chelidonius (n.) A small stone taken from the gizzard of a young swallow. -- anciently worn as a medicinal charm.

Chelifer (n.) See Book scorpion, under Book.

Cheliferous (a.) Having cheliform claws, like a crab.

Cheliform (a.) Having a movable joint or finger closing against a preceding joint or a projecting part of it, so that the whole may be used for grasping, as the claw of a crab; pincherlike.

Chelone (n.) A genus of hardy perennial flowering plants, of the order Scrophulariaceae, natives of North America; -- called also snakehead, turtlehead, shellflower, etc.

Chelonia (n. pl.) An order of reptiles, including the tortoises and turtles, peculiar in having a part of the vertebrae, ribs, and sternum united with the dermal plates so as to form a firm shell. The jaws are covered by a horny beak. See Reptilia; also, Illust. in Appendix.

Chelonian (a.) Of or pertaining to animals of the tortoise kind.

Chelonian (n.) One of the Chelonia.

Chelura (n.) A genus of marine amphipod crustacea, which bore into and sometimes destroy timber.

Chely (n.) A claw. See Chela.

Chemic (n.) A chemist; an alchemist.

Chemic (n.) A solution of chloride of lime.

Chemic (a.) Chemical.

Chemical (a.) Pertaining to chemistry; characterized or produced by the forces and operations of chemistry; employed in the processes of chemistry; as, chemical changes; chemical combinations.

Chemical (n.) A substance used for producing a chemical effect; a reagent.

Chemically (adv.) According to chemical principles; by chemical process or operation.

Chemiglyphic (a.) Engraved by a voltaic battery.

Chemiloon (n.) A garment for women, consisting of chemise and drawers united in one.

Chemise (n.) A shift, or undergarment, worn by women.

Chemise (n.) A wall that lines the face of a bank or earthwork.

Chemisette (n.) An under-garment, worn by women, usually covering the neck, shoulders, and breast.

Chemism (n.) The force exerted between the atoms of elementary substance whereby they unite to form chemical compounds; chemical attaction; affinity; -- sometimes used as a general expression for chemical activity or relationship.

Chemist (n.) A person versed in chemistry or given to chemical investigation; an analyst; a maker or seller of chemicals or drugs.

Chemistry (n.) That branch of science which treats of the composition of substances, and of the changes which they undergo in consequence of alterations in the constitution of the molecules, which depend upon variations of the number, kind, or mode of arrangement, of the constituent atoms. These atoms are not assumed to be indivisible, but merely the finest grade of subdivision hitherto attained. Chemistry deals with the changes in the composition and constitution of molecules. See Atom, Molecule.

Chemistry (n.) An application of chemical theory and method to the consideration of some particular subject; as, the chemistry of iron; the chemistry of indigo.

Chemistry (n.) A treatise on chemistry.

Chemitype (n.) One of a number of processes by which an impression from an engraved plate is obtained in relief, to be used for printing on an ordinary printing press.

Chemolysis (n.) A term sometimes applied to the decomposition of organic substance into more simple bodies, by the use of chemical agents alone.

Chemosmosis (n.) Chemical action taking place through an intervening membrane.

Chemosmotic (a.) Pertaining to, or produced by, chemosmosis.

Chemung period () A subdivision in the upper part of the Devonian system in America, so named from the Chemung River, along which the rocks are well developed. It includes the Portage and Chemung groups or epochs. See the Diagram under Geology.

Cheng (n.) A chinese reed instrument, with tubes, blown by the mouth.

Chenille (n.) Tufted cord, of silk or worsted, for the trimming of ladies' dresses, for embroidery and fringes, and for the weft of Chenille rugs.

Chenomorphae (n. pl.) An order of birds, including the swans, ducks, geese, flamingoes and screamers.

Chepster (n.) The European starling.

Cheque (n.) See Check.

Chequer (n. & v.) Same as Checker.

Chequing (n.) A coin. See Sequin.

Chequy (n.) Same as Checky.

Cherif (n.) See Cherif.

Cherimoyer (n.) A small downy-leaved tree (Anona Cherimolia), with fragrant flowers. It is a native of Peru.

Cherimoyer (n.) Its delicious fruit, which is succulent, dark purple, and similar to the custard apple of the West Indies.

Cherished (imp. & p. p.) of Cherish

Cherising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cherish

Cherish (v. t.) To treat with tenderness and affection; to nurture with care; to protect and aid.

Cherish (v. t.) To hold dear; to embrace with interest; to indulge; to encourage; to foster; to promote; as, to cherish religious principle.

Cherisher (n.) One who cherishes.

Cherishment (n.) Encouragement; comfort.

Chermes (n.) See Kermes.

Cherogril (n.) See Cony.

Cherokees (n. pl.) An Appalachian tribe of Indians, formerly inhabiting the region about the head waters of the Tennessee River. They are now mostly settled in the Indian Territory, and have become one of the most civilized of the Indian Tribes.

Cheroot (n.) A kind of cigar, originally brought from Mania, in the Philippine Islands; now often made of inferior or adulterated tobacco.

Cherry (n.) A tree or shrub of the genus Prunus (Which also includes the plum) bearing a fleshy drupe with a bony stone;

Cherry (n.) The common garden cherry (Prunus Cerasus), of which several hundred varieties are cultivated for the fruit, some of which are, the begarreau, blackheart, black Tartarian, oxheart, morelle or morello, May-duke (corrupted from Medoc in France).

Cherry (n.) The wild cherry; as, Prunus serotina (wild black cherry), valued for its timber; P. Virginiana (choke cherry), an American shrub which bears astringent fruit; P. avium and P. Padus, European trees (bird cherry).

Cherry (n.) The fruit of the cherry tree, a drupe of various colors and flavors.

Cherry (n.) The timber of the cherry tree, esp. of the black cherry, used in cabinetmaking, etc.

Cherry (n.) A peculiar shade of red, like that of a cherry.

Cherry (a.) Like a red cherry in color; ruddy; blooming; as, a cherry lip; cherry cheeks.

Chersonese (n.) A peninsula; a tract of land nearly surrounded by water, but united to a larger tract by a neck of land or isthmus; as, the Cimbric Chersonese, or Jutland; the Tauric Chersonese, or Crimea.

Chert (n.) An impure, massive, flintlike quartz or hornstone, of a dull color.

Cherty (a.) Like chert; containing chert; flinty.

Cherubs (pl. ) of Cherub

Cherubim (pl. ) of Cherub

Cherub (n.) A mysterious composite being, the winged footstool and chariot of the Almighty, described in Ezekiel i. and x.

Cherub (n.) A symbolical winged figure of unknown form used in connection with the mercy seat of the Jewish Ark and Temple.

Cherub (n.) One of a order of angels, variously represented in art. In European painting the cherubim have been shown as blue, to denote knowledge, as distinguished from the seraphim (see Seraph), and in later art the children's heads with wings are generally called cherubs.

Cherub (n.) A beautiful child; -- so called because artists have represented cherubs as beautiful children.

Cherubic (a.) Alt. of Cherubical

Cherubical (a.) Of or pertaining to cherubs; angelic.

Cherubim (n.) The Hebrew plural of Cherub.. Cf. Seraphim.

Cherubin (a.) Cherubic; angelic.

Cherubin (n.) A cherub.

Cherup (v. i.) To make a short, shrill, cheerful sound; to chirp. See Chirrup.

Cherup (v. t.) To excite or urge on by making a short, shrill, cheerful sound; to cherup to. See Chirrup.

Cherup (n.) A short, sharp, cheerful noise; a chirp; a chirrup; as, the cherup of a cricket.

Chervil (n.) A plant (Anthriscus cerefolium) with pinnately divided aromatic leaves, of which several curled varieties are used in soups and salads.

Ches () pret. of Chese.

Chese (v. t.) To choose

Chesible (n.) See Chasuble.

Cheslip (n.) The wood louse.

Chess (n.) A game played on a chessboard, by two persons, with two differently colored sets of men, sixteen in each set. Each player has a king, a queen, two bishops, two knights, two castles or rooks, and eight pawns.

Chess (n.) A species of brome grass (Bromus secalinus) which is a troublesome weed in wheat fields, and is often erroneously regarded as degenerate or changed wheat; it bears a very slight resemblance to oats, and if reaped and ground up with wheat, so as to be used for food, is said to produce narcotic effects; -- called also cheat and Willard's bromus.

Chess-apple (n.) The wild service of Europe (Purus torminalis).

Chessboard (n.) The board used in the game of chess, having eight rows of alternate light and dark squares, eight in each row. See Checkerboard.

Chessel (n.) The wooden mold in which cheese is pressed.

Chesses (n. pl.) The platforms, consisting of two or more planks doweled together, for the flooring of a temporary military bridge.

Chessil (n.) Gravel or pebbles.

Chessmen (pl. ) of Chessman

Chessman (n.) A piece used in the game of chess.

Chessom (n.) Mellow earth; mold.

Chesstree (n.) A piece of oak bolted perpendicularly on the side of a vessel, to aid in drawing down and securing the clew of the mainsail.

Chessy copper () The mineral azurite, found in fine crystallization at Chessy, near Lyons; called also chessylite.

Chest (n.) A large box of wood, or other material, having, like a trunk, a lid, but no covering of skin, leather, or cloth.

Chest (n.) A coffin.

Chest (n.) The part of the body inclosed by the ribs and breastbone; the thorax.

Chest (n.) A case in which certain goods, as tea, opium, etc., are transported; hence, the quantity which such a case contains.

Chest (n.) A tight receptacle or box, usually for holding gas, steam, liquids, etc.; as, the steam chest of an engine; the wind chest of an organ.

Chested (imp. & p. p.) of Chest

Chest (v. i.) To deposit in a chest; to hoard.

Chest (v. i.) To place in a coffin.

Chest (n.) Strife; contention; controversy.

Chested (a.) Having (such) a chest; -- in composition; as, broad-chested; narrow-chested.

Chesterlite (n.) A variety of feldspar found in crystals in the county of Chester, Pennsylvania.

Chesteyn (n.) The chestnut tree.

Chest founder () A rheumatic affection of the muscles of the breast and fore legs of a horse, affecting motion and respiration.

Chestnut (n.) The edible nut of a forest tree (Castanea vesca) of Europe and America. Commonly two or more of the nuts grow in a prickly bur.

Chestnut (n.) The tree itself, or its light, coarse-grained timber, used for ornamental work, furniture, etc.

Chestnut (n.) A bright brown color, like that of the nut.

Chestnut (n.) The horse chestnut (often so used in England).

Chestnut (n.) One of the round, or oval, horny plates on the inner sides of the legs of the horse, and allied animals.

Chestnut (n.) An old joke or story.

Chestnut (a.) Of the color of a chestnut; of a reddish brown color; as, chestnut curls.

Chetah (n.) See Cheetah.

Chetvert (n.) A measure of grain equal to 0.7218 of an imperial quarter, or 5.95 Winchester bushels.

Chevachie (n.) See Chivachie.

Chevage (n.) See Chiefage.

Chevaux (pl. ) of Cheval

Cheval (n.) A horse; hence, a support or frame.

Chevaux-de-frise (pl. ) of Cheval-de-frise

Cheval-de-frise (n.) A piece of timber or an iron barrel traversed with iron-pointed spikes or spears, five or six feet long, used to defend a passage, stop a breach, or impede the advance of cavalry, etc.

Chevalier (n.) A horseman; a knight; a gallant young man.

Chevalier (n.) A member of certain orders of knighthood.

Chevaux (n. pl.) See Cheval.

Cheve (v. i.) To come to an issue; to turn out; to succeed; as, to cheve well in a enterprise.

Chevelure (n.) A hairlike envelope.

Cheven (n.) A river fish; the chub.

Cheventein (n.) A variant of Chieftain.

Cheveril (v. i.) Soft leather made of kid skin. Fig.: Used as a symbol of flexibility.

Cheveril (a.) Made of cheveril; pliant.

Cheverliize (v. i.) To make as pliable as kid leather.

Chevet (n.) The extreme end of the chancel or choir; properly the round or polygonal part.

Cheviot (n.) A valuable breed of mountain sheep in Scotland, which takes its name from the Cheviot hills.

Cheviot (n.) A woolen fabric, for men's clothing.

Chevisance (n.) Achievement; deed; performance.

Chevisance (n.) A bargain; profit; gain.

Chevisance (n.) A making of contracts.

Chevisance (n.) A bargain or contract; an agreement about a matter in dispute, such as a debt; a business compact.

Chevisance (n.) An unlawful agreement or contract.

Chevrette (n.) A machine for raising guns or mortar into their carriages.

Chevron (n.) One of the nine honorable ordinaries, consisting of two broad bands of the width of the bar, issuing, respectively from the dexter and sinister bases of the field and conjoined at its center.

Chevron (n.) A distinguishing mark, above the elbow, on the sleeve of a non-commissioned officer's coat.

Chevron (n.) A zigzag molding, or group of moldings, common in Norman architecture.

Chevroned (p. a.) Having a chevron; decorated with an ornamental figure of a zigzag from.

Chevronel (n.) A bearing like a chevron, but of only half its width.

Chevronwise (adv.) In the manner of a chevron; as, the field may be divided chevronwise.

Chevrotain (n.) A small ruminant of the family Tragulidae a allied to the musk deer. It inhabits Africa and the East Indies. See Kanchil.

Chevy (v. t.) See Chivy, v. t.

Chewed (imp. & p. p.) of Chew

Chewing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chew

Chew (v. t.) To bite and grind with the teeth; to masticate.

Chew (v. t.) To ruminate mentally; to meditate on.

Chew (v. i.) To perform the action of biting and grinding with the teeth; to ruminate; to meditate.

Chew (n.) That which is chewed; that which is held in the mouth at once; a cud.

Chewer (n.) One who chews.

Chewet (n.) A kind of meat pie.

Chewink (n.) An american bird (Pipilo erythrophthalmus) of the Finch family, so called from its note; -- called also towhee bunting and ground robin.

Cheyennes (n. pl.) A warlike tribe of indians, related to the blackfeet, formerly inhabiting the region of Wyoming, but now mostly on reservations in the Indian Territory. They are noted for their horsemanship.

Chian (a.) Of or pertaining to Chios, an island in the Aegean Sea.

Chiaroscurist (n.) A painter who cares for and studies light and shade rather than color.

Chiaroscuro (n.) Alt. of Chiaro-oscuro

Chiaro-oscuro (n.) The arrangement of light and dark parts in a work of art, such as a drawing or painting, whether in monochrome or in color.

Chiaro-oscuro (n.) The art or practice of so arranging the light and dark parts as to produce a harmonious effect. Cf. Clair-obscur.

Chiasm (n.) Alt. of Chiasma

Chiasma (n.) A commissure; especially, the optic commissure, or crucial union of the optic nerves.

Chiasmus (n.) An inversion of the order of words or phrases, when repeated or subsequently referred to in a sentence

Chiastolite (n.) A variety of andalusite; -- called also macle. The tessellated appearance of a cross section is due to the symmetrical arrangement of impurities in the crystal.

Chibbal (n.) See Cibol.

Chibouque (n.) Alt. of Chibouk

Chibouk (n.) A Turkish pipe, usually with a mouthpiece of amber, a stem, four or five feet long and not pliant, of some valuable wood, and a bowl of baked clay.

Chic (n.) Good form; style.

Chica (n.) A red coloring matter. extracted from the Bignonia Chica, used by some tribes of South American Indians to stain the skin.

Chica (n.) A fermented liquor or beer made in South American from a decoction of maize.

Chica (n.) A popular Moorish, Spanish, and South American dance, said to be the original of the fandango, etc.

Chicane (n.) The use of artful subterfuge, designed to draw away attention from the merits of a case or question; -- specifically applied to legal proceedings; trickery; chicanery; caviling; sophistry.

Chicane (n.) To use shifts, cavils, or artifices.

Chicaner (n.) One who uses chicanery.

Chicanery (n.) Mean or unfair artifice to perplex a cause and obscure the truth; stratagem; sharp practice; sophistry.

Chiccory (n.) See Chicory.

Chiches (pl. ) of Chich

Chich (n.) The chick-pea.

Chicha (n.) See Chica.

Chichevache (n.) A fabulous cow of enormous size, whose food was patient wives, and which was therefore in very lean condition.

Chichling (n.) Alt. of Chichling vetch

Chichling vetch (n.) A leguminous plant (Lathyrus sativus), with broad flattened seeds which are sometimes used for food.

Chick (v. i.) To sprout, as seed in the ground; to vegetate.

Chick (n.) A chicken.

Chick (n.) A child or young person; -- a term of endearment.

Chickabiddy (n.) A chicken; a fowl; also, a trivial term of endearment for a child.

Chickadee (n.) A small bird, the blackcap titmouse (Parus atricapillus), of North America; -- named from its note.

Chickaree (n.) The American red squirrel (Sciurus Hudsonius); -- so called from its cry.

Chickasaws (n. pl.) A tribe of North American Indians (Southern Appalachian) allied to the Choctaws. They formerly occupied the northern part of Alabama and Mississippi, but now live in the Indian Territory.

Chicken (n.) A young bird or fowl, esp. a young barnyard fowl.

Chicken (n.) A young person; a child; esp. a young woman; a maiden.

Chicken-breasted (a.) Having a narrow, projecting chest, caused by forward curvature of the vertebral column.

Chicken-hearted (a.) Timid; fearful; cowardly.

Chicken pox () A mild, eruptive disease, generally attacking children only; varicella.

Chickling (n.) A small chick or chicken.

Chick-pea (n.) A Small leguminous plant (Cicer arietinum) of Asia, Africa, and the south of Europe; the chich; the dwarf pea; the gram.

Chick-pea (n.) Its nutritious seed, used in cookery, and especially, when roasted (parched pulse), as food for travelers in the Eastern deserts.

Chickweed (n.) The name of several caryophyllaceous weeds, especially Stellaria media, the seeds and flower buds of which are a favorite food of small birds.

Chicky (n.) A chicken; -- used as a diminutive or pet name, especially in calling fowls.

Chicory (n.) A branching perennial plant (Cichorium Intybus) with bright blue flowers, growing wild in Europe, Asia, and America; also cultivated for its roots and as a salad plant; succory; wild endive. See Endive.

Chicory (n.) The root, which is roasted for mixing with coffee.

Chide (p. pr. & vb. n.) To rebuke; to reprove; to scold; to find fault with.

Chide (p. pr. & vb. n.) Fig.: To be noisy about; to chafe against.

Chide (v. i.) To utter words of disapprobation and displeasure; to find fault; to contend angrily.

Chide (v. i.) To make a clamorous noise; to chafe.

Chide (n.) A continuous noise or murmur.

Chider (n.) One who chides or quarrels.

Chideress (n.) She who chides.

Chidester (n.) A female scold.

Chidingly (adv.) In a chiding or reproving manner.

Chief (n.) The head or leader of any body of men; a commander, as of an army; a head man, as of a tribe, clan, or family; a person in authority who directs the work of others; the principal actor or agent.

Chief (n.) The principal part; the most valuable portion.

Chief (n.) The upper third part of the field. It is supposed to be composed of the dexter, sinister, and middle chiefs.

Chief (a.) Highest in office or rank; principal; head.

Chief (a.) Principal or most eminent in any quality or action; most distinguished; having most influence; taking the lead; most important; as, the chief topic of conversation; the chief interest of man.

Chief (a.) Very intimate, near, or close.

Chiefage (n.) A tribute by the head; a capitation tax.

Chief baron () The presiding judge of the court of exchequer.

Chiefest (a.) First or foremost; chief; principal.

Chief hare () A small rodent (Lagamys princeps) inhabiting the summits of the Rocky Mountains; -- also called crying hare, calling hare, cony, American pika, and little chief hare.

Chief justice () The presiding justice, or principal judge, of a court.

Chief-justiceship (n.) The office of chief justice.

Chiefless (a.) Without a chief or leader.

Chiefly (adv.) In the first place; principally; preeminently; above; especially.

Chiefly (adv.) For the most part; mostly.

Chiefrie (n.) A small rent paid to the lord paramount.

Chieftain (n.) A captain, leader, or commander; a chief; the head of a troop, army, or clan.

Chieftaincy (n.) Alt. of Chieftainship

Chieftainship (n.) The rank, dignity, or office of a chieftain.

Chierte (n.) Love; tender regard.

Chievance (n.) An unlawful bargain; traffic in which money is exported as discount.

Chieve (v. i.) See Cheve, v. i.

Chiff-chaff (n.) A species of European warbler (Sylvia hippolais); -- called also chip-chap, and pettychaps.

Chiffonier (n.) Alt. of niere

Chiffo (n.) Alt. of niere

niere (n.) One who gathers rags and odds and ends; a ragpicker.

niere (n.) A receptacle for rags or shreds.

niere (n.) A movable and ornamental closet or piece of furniture with shelves or drawers.

Chignon (n.) A knot, boss, or mass of hair, natural or artificial, worn by a woman at the back of the head.

Chigoe (n.) Alt. of Chigre

Chigre (n.) A species of flea (Pulex penetrans), common in the West Indies and South America, which often attacks the feet or any exposed part of the human body, and burrowing beneath the skin produces great irritation. When the female is allowed to remain and breed, troublesome sores result, which are sometimes dangerous. See Jigger.

Chikara (n.) The goat antelope (Tragops Bennettii) of India.

Chikara (n.) The Indian four-horned antelope (Tetraceros quadricornis).

Chilblain (n.) A blain, sore, or inflammatory swelling, produced by exposure of the feet or hands to cold, and attended by itching, pain, and sometimes ulceration.

Chilblain (v. t.) To produce chilblains upon.

Children (pl. ) of Child

Child (n.) A son or a daughter; a male or female descendant, in the first degree; the immediate progeny of human parents; -- in law, legitimate offspring. Used also of animals and plants.

Child (n.) A descendant, however remote; -- used esp. in the plural; as, the children of Israel; the children of Edom.

Child (n.) One who, by character of practice, shows signs of relationship to, or of the influence of, another; one closely connected with a place, occupation, character, etc.; as, a child of God; a child of the devil; a child of disobedience; a child of toil; a child of the people.

Child (n.) A noble youth. See Childe.

Child (n.) A young person of either sex. esp. one between infancy and youth; hence, one who exhibits the characteristics of a very young person, as innocence, obedience, trustfulness, limited understanding, etc.

Child (n.) A female infant.

Childed (imp. & p. p.) of Child

Childing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Child

Child (v. i.) To give birth; to produce young.

Childbearing (n.) The act of producing or bringing forth children; parturition.

Childbed (n.) The state of a woman bringing forth a child, or being in labor; parturition.

Childbirth (n.) The act of bringing forth a child; travail; labor.

Childcrowing (n.) The crowing noise made by children affected with spasm of the laryngeal muscles; false croup.

Childe (n.) A cognomen formerly prefixed to his name by the oldest son, until he succeeded to his ancestral titles, or was knighted; as, Childe Roland.

Childed (a.) Furnished with a child.

Childermas day () A day (December 28) observed by mass or festival in commemoration of the children slain by Herod at Bethlehem; -- called also Holy Innocent's Day.

Childhood (n.) The state of being a child; the time in which persons are children; the condition or time from infancy to puberty.

Childhood (n.) Children, taken collectively.

Childhood (n.) The commencement; the first period.

Childing (v. i.) Bearing Children; (Fig.) productive; fruitful.

Childish (a.) Of, pertaining to, befitting, or resembling, a child.

Childish (a.) Puerile; trifling; weak.

Childishly (adv.) In the manner of a child; in a trifling way; in a weak or foolish manner.

Childishness (n.) The state or quality of being childish; simplicity; harmlessness; weakness of intellect.

Childlessness (n.) The state of being childless.

Childlike (a.) Resembling a child, or that which belongs to children; becoming a child; meek; submissive; dutiful.

Childly (a.) Having the character of a child; belonging, or appropriate, to a child.

Childly (adv.) Like a child.

Childness (n.) The manner characteristic of a child.

Children (n.) pl. of Child.

Childship (n.) The state or relation of being a child.

Chili (n.) A kind of red pepper. See Capsicum

Chiliad (n.) A thousand; the aggregate of a thousand things; especially, a period of a thousand years.

Chiliagon (n.) A plane figure of a thousand angles and sides.

Chiliahedron (n.) A figure bounded by a thousand plane surfaces

Chilian (a.) Of or pertaining to Chili.

Chilian (n.) A native or citizen of Chili.

Chilian (n.) Alt. of Chiliarch

Chiliarch (n.) The commander or chief of a thousand men.

Chiliarchy (n.) A body consisting of a thousand men.

Chiliasm (n.) The millennium.

Chiliasm (n.) The doctrine of the personal reign of Christ on earth during the millennium.

Chiliast (n.) One who believes in the second coming of Christ to reign on earth a thousand years; a milllenarian.

Chiliastic (a.) Millenarian.

Chill (n.) A moderate but disagreeable degree of cold; a disagreeable sensation of coolness, accompanied with shivering.

Chill (n.) A sensation of cold with convulsive shaking of the body, pinched face, pale skin, and blue lips, caused by undue cooling of the body or by nervous excitement, or forming the precursor of some constitutional disturbance, as of a fever.

Chill (n.) A check to enthusiasm or warmth of feeling; discouragement; as, a chill comes over an assembly.

Chill (n.) An iron mold or portion of a mold, serving to cool rapidly, and so to harden, the surface of molten iron brought in contact with it.

Chill (n.) The hardened part of a casting, as the tread of a car wheel.

Chill (a.) Moderately cold; tending to cause shivering; chilly; raw.

Chill (a.) Affected by cold.

Chill (a.) Characterized by coolness of manner, feeling, etc.; lacking enthusiasm or warmth; formal; distant; as, a chill reception.

Chill (a.) Discouraging; depressing; dispiriting.

Chilled (imp. & p. p.) of Chill

Chilling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chill

Chill (v. t.) To strike with a chill; to make chilly; to cause to shiver; to affect with cold.

Chill (v. t.) To check enthusiasm or warmth of feeling of; to depress; to discourage.

Chill (v. t.) To produce, by sudden cooling, a change of crystallization at or near the surface of, so as to increase the hardness; said of cast iron.

Chill (v. i.) To become surface-hardened by sudden cooling while solidifying; as, some kinds of cast iron chill to a greater depth than others.

Chilled (a.) Hardened on the surface or edge by chilling; as, chilled iron; a chilled wheel.

Chilled (a.) Having that cloudiness or dimness of surface that is called "blooming."

Chilli (n.) See Chili.

Chilliness (n.) A state or sensation of being chilly; a disagreeable sensation of coldness.

Chilliness (n.) A moderate degree of coldness; disagreeable coldness or rawness; as, the chilliness of the air.

Chilliness (n.) Formality; lack of warmth.

Chilling (a.) Making chilly or cold; depressing; discouraging; cold; distant; as, a chilling breeze; a chilling manner.

Chillness (n.) Coolness; coldness; a chill.

Chilly (a.) Moderately cold; cold and raw or damp so as to cause shivering; causing or feeling a disagreeable sensation of cold, or a shivering.

Chilognath (n.) A myriapod of the order Chilognatha.

Chilognatha (n. pl.) One of the two principal orders of myriapods. They have numerous segments, each bearing two pairs of small, slender legs, which are attached ventrally, near together.

Chiloma (n.) The tumid upper lip of certain mammals, as of a camel.

Chilopod (n.) A myriapod of the order Chilopoda.

Chilopoda (n. pl.) One of the orders of myriapods, including the centipeds. They have a single pair of elongated legs attached laterally to each segment; well developed jaws; and a pair of thoracic legs converted into poison fangs. They are insectivorous, very active, and some species grow to the length of a foot.

Chilostoma (n. pl.) Alt. of Chilostomata

Chilostomata (n. pl.) An extensive suborder of marine Bryozoa, mostly with calcareous shells. They have a movable lip and a lid to close the aperture of the cells.

Chilostomatous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Chilostoma.

Chiltern Hundreds () A tract of crown land in Buckinghamshire and Oxfordshire, England, to which is attached the nominal office of steward. As members of Parliament cannot resign, when they wish to go out they accept this stewardship, which legally vacates their seats.

Chimaera (n.) A cartilaginous fish of several species, belonging to the order Holocephali. The teeth are few and large. The head is furnished with appendages, and the tail terminates in a point.

Chimaeroid (a.) Related to, or like, the chimaera.

Chimango () A south American carrion buzzard (Milvago chimango). See Caracara.

Chimb (n.) The edge of a cask, etc; a chine. See Chine, n., 3.

Chimb (v. i.) Chime.

Chime (n.) See Chine, n., 3.

Chime (n.) The harmonious sound of bells, or of musical instruments.

Chime (n.) A set of bells musically tuned to each other; specif., in the pl., the music performed on such a set of bells by hand, or produced by mechanism to accompany the striking of the hours or their divisions.

Chime (n.) Pleasing correspondence of proportion, relation, or sound.

Chimed (imp. & p. p.) of Chime

Chiming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chime

Chime (n.) To sound in harmonious accord, as bells.

Chime (n.) To be in harmony; to agree; to suit; to harmonize; to correspond; to fall in with.

Chime (n.) To join in a conversation; to express assent; -- followed by in or in with.

Chime (n.) To make a rude correspondence of sounds; to jingle, as in rhyming.

Chime (v. i.) To cause to sound in harmony; to play a tune, as upon a set of bells; to move or strike in harmony.

Chime (v. i.) To utter harmoniously; to recite rhythmically.

Chimer (n.) One who chimes.

Chimeras (pl. ) of Chimera

Chimera (n.) A monster represented as vomiting flames, and as having the head of a lion, the body of a goat, and the tail of a dragon.

Chimera (n.) A vain, foolish, or incongruous fancy, or creature of the imagination; as, the chimera of an author.

Chimere (n.) The upper robe worn by a bishop, to which lawn sleeves are usually attached.

Chimeric (a.) Chimerical.

Chimerical (a.) Merely imaginary; fanciful; fantastic; wildly or vainly conceived; having, or capable of having, no existence except in thought; as, chimerical projects.

Chimerically (adv.) Wildy; vainly; fancifully.

Chiminage (n.) A toll for passage through a forest.

Chimneys (pl. ) of Chimney

Chimney (n.) A fireplace or hearth.

Chimney (n.) That part of a building which contains the smoke flues; esp. an upright tube or flue of brick or stone, in most cases extending through or above the roof of the building. Often used instead of chimney shaft.

Chimney (n.) A tube usually of glass, placed around a flame, as of a lamp, to create a draft, and promote combustion.

Chimney (n.) A body of ore, usually of elongated form, extending downward in a vein.

Chimney-breast (n.) The horizontal projection of a chimney from the wall in which it is built; -- commonly applied to its projection in the inside of a building only.

Chimney-piece (n.) A decorative construction around the opening of a fireplace.

Chimpanzee (n.) An african ape (Anthropithecus troglodytes or Troglodytes niger) which approaches more nearly to man, in most respects, than any other ape. When full grown, it is from three to four feet high.

Chin (n.) The lower extremity of the face below the mouth; the point of the under jaw.

Chin (n.) The exterior or under surface embraced between the branches of the lower jaw bone, in birds.

China (n.) A country in Eastern Asia.

China (n.) China ware, which is the modern popular term for porcelain. See Porcelain.

Chinaldine (n.) See Quinaldine.

Chinamen (pl. ) of Chinaman

Chinaman (n.) A native of China; a Chinese.

Chincapin (n.) See Chinquapin.

Chinch (n.) The bedbug (Cimex lectularius).

Chinch (n.) A bug (Blissus leucopterus), which, in the United States, is very destructive to grass, wheat, and other grains; -- also called chiniz, chinch bug, chink bug. It resembles the bedbug in its disgusting odor.

Chincha (n.) A south American rodent of the genus Lagotis.

Chinche (a.) Parsimonious; niggardly.

Chincherie (n.) Penuriousness.

Chinchilla (n.) A small rodent (Chinchilla lanigera), of the size of a large squirrel, remarkable for its fine fur, which is very soft and of a pearly gray color. It is a native of Peru and Chili.

Chinchilla (n.) The fur of the chinchilla.

Chinchilla (n.) A heavy, long-napped, tufted woolen cloth.

Chinchona () Alt. of Chincona

Chincona () See Cinchona.

Chin cough () Whooping cough.

Chine (n.) A chink or cleft; a narrow and deep ravine; as, Shanklin Chine in the Isle of Wight, a quarter of a mile long and 230 feet deep.

Chine (n.) The backbone or spine of an animal; the back.

Chine (n.) A piece of the backbone of an animal, with the adjoining parts, cut for cooking. [See Illust. of Beef.]

Chine (n.) The edge or rim of a cask, etc., formed by the projecting ends of the staves; the chamfered end of a stave.

Chined (imp. & p. p.) of Chine

Chine (v. t.) To cut through the backbone of; to cut into chine pieces.

Chine (v. t.) Too chamfer the ends of a stave and form the chine..

Chined (a.) Pertaining to, or having, a chine, or backbone; -- used in composition.

Chined (a.) Broken in the back.

Chinese (a.) Of or pertaining to China; peculiar to China.

Chinese (n. sing. & pl.) A native or natives of China, or one of that yellow race with oblique eyelids who live principally in China.

Chinese (n. sing. & pl.) The language of China, which is monosyllabic.

Chink (n.) A small cleft, rent, or fissure, of greater length than breadth; a gap or crack; as, the chinks of wall.

Chinked (imp. & p. p.) of Chink

Chinking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chink

Chink (v. i.) To crack; to open.

Chink (v. t.) To cause to open in cracks or fissures.

Chink (v. t.) To fill up the chinks of; as, to chink a wall.

Chink (n.) A short, sharp sound, as of metal struck with a slight degree of violence.

Chink (n.) Money; cash.

Chink (v. t.) To cause to make a sharp metallic sound, as coins, small pieces of metal, etc., by bringing them into collision with each other.

Chink (v. i.) To make a slight, sharp, metallic sound, as by the collision of little pieces of money, or other small sonorous bodies.

Chinky (a.) Full of chinks or fissures; gaping; opening in narrow clefts.

Chinned (a.) Having a chin; -- used chiefly in compounds; as, short-chinned.

Chinoidine (n.) See Quinodine.

Chinoline (n.) See Quinoline.

Chinone (n.) See Quinone.

Chinook (n.) One of a tribe of North American Indians now living in the state of Washington, noted for the custom of flattening their skulls. Chinooks also called Flathead Indians.

Chinook (n.) A warm westerly wind from the country of the Chinooks, sometimes experienced on the slope of the Rocky Mountains, in Montana and the adjacent territory.

Chinook (n.) A jargon of words from various languages (the largest proportion of which is from that of the Chinooks) generally understood by all the Indian tribes of the northwestern territories of the United States.

Chinquapin (n.) A branching, nut-bearing tree or shrub (Castanea pumila) of North America, from six to twenty feet high, allied to the chestnut. Also, its small, sweet, edible nat.

Chinsed (imp. & p. p.) of Chinse

Chinsing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chinse

Chinse (v. t. & i.) To thrust oakum into (seams or chinks) with a chisel , the point of a knife, or a chinsing iron; to calk slightly.

Chintzes (pl. ) of Chintz

Chintz (n.) Cotton cloth, printed with flowers and other devices, in a number of different colors, and often glazed.

Chioppine (n.) Same as Chopine, n.

Chipped (imp. & p. p.) of Chip

Chipping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chip

Chip (v. t.) To cut small pieces from; to diminish or reduce to shape, by cutting away a little at a time; to hew.

Chip (v. t.) To break or crack, or crack off a portion of, as of an eggshell in hatching, or a piece of crockery.

Chip (v. t.) To bet, as with chips in the game of poker.

Chip (v. i.) To break or fly off in small pieces.

Chip (n.) A piece of wood, stone, or other substance, separated by an ax, chisel, or cutting instrument.

Chip (n.) A fragment or piece broken off; a small piece.

Chip (n.) Wood or Cuban palm leaf split into slips, or straw plaited in a special manner, for making hats or bonnets.

Chip (n.) Anything dried up, withered, or without flavor; -- used contemptuously.

Chip (n.) One of the counters used in poker and other games.

Chip (n.) The triangular piece of wood attached to the log line.

Chipmunk (n.) A squirrel-like animal of the genus Tamias, sometimes called the striped squirrel, chipping squirrel, ground squirrel, hackee. The common species of the United States is the Tamias striatus.

Chipper (v. i.) To chirp or chirrup.

Chipper (a.) Lively; cheerful; talkative.

Chippeways (n. pl.) A tribe of Indians formerly inhabiting the northern and western shores of Lake Superior; -- called also Objibways.

Chipping (n.) A chip; a piece separated by a cutting or graving instrument; a fragment.

Chipping (n.) The act or process of cutting or breaking off small pieces, as in dressing iron with a chisel, or reducing a timber or block of stone to shape.

Chipping (n.) The breaking off in small pieces of the edges of potter's ware, porcelain, etc.

Chipping bird () The chippy.

Chipping squirrel () See Chipmunk.

Chippy (a.) Abounding in, or resembling, chips; dry and tasteless.

Chippy (n.) A small American sparrow (Spizella socialis), very common near dwelling; -- also called chipping bird and chipping sparrow, from its simple note.

Chips (n.) A ship's carpenter.

Chiragra (n.) Gout in the hand.

Chiragrical (a.) Having the gout in the hand, or subject to that disease.

Chiretta (n.) A plant (Agathotes Chirayta) found in Northern India, having medicinal properties to the gentian, and esteemed as a tonic and febrifuge.

Chirk (v. i.) To shriek; to gnash; to utter harsh or shrill cries.

Chirk (v. i.) To chirp like a bird.

Chirk (v. t.) To cheer; to enliven; as, to chirk one up.

Chirk (v. i.) Lively; cheerful; in good spirits.

Chirm (v. i.) To chirp or to make a mournful cry, as a bird.

Chirognomy (n.) The art of judging character by the shape and appearance of the hand.

Chirograph (n.) A writing which, requiring a counterpart, was engrossed twice on the same piece of parchment, with a space between, in which was written the word chirographum, through which the parchment was cut, and one part given to each party. It answered to what is now called a charter party.

Chirograph (n.) The last part of a fine of land, commonly called the foot of the fine.

Chirographer (n.) One who practice the art or business of writing or engrossing.

Chirographer (n.) See chirographist, 2.

Chirographic (a.) Alt. of Chirographical

Chirographical (a.) Of or pertaining to chirography.

Chirographist (n.) A chirographer; a writer or engrosser.

Chirographist (n.) One who tells fortunes by examining the hand.

Chirography (n.) The art of writing or engrossing; handwriting; as, skilled in chirography.

Chirography (n.) The art of telling fortunes by examining the hand.

Chirogymnast (n.) A mechanical contrivance for exercising the fingers of a pianist.

Chirological (a.) Relating to chirology.

Chirologist (n.) One who communicates thoughts by signs made with the hands and fingers.

Chirology (n.) The art or practice of using the manual alphabet or of communicating thoughts by sings made by the hands and fingers; a substitute for spoken or written language in intercourse with the deaf and dumb. See Dactylalogy.

Chiromancer (n.) One who practices chiromancy.

Chiromancy (n.) The art or practice of foretelling events, or of telling the fortunes or the disposition of persons by inspecting the hand; palmistry.

Chiromanist (n.) Alt. of Chiromantist

Chiromantist (n.) A chiromancer.

Chiromantic (a.) Alt. of Chiromantical

Chiromantical (a.) Of or pertaining to chiromancy.

Chiromonic (a.) Relating to chironomy.

Chironomy (n.) The art of moving the hands in oratory or in pantomime; gesture

Chiroplast (n.) An instrument to guid the hands and fingers of pupils in playing on the piano, etc.

Chiropodist (n.) One who treats diseases of the hands and feet; especially, one who removes corns and bunions.

Chiropody (n.) The art of treating diseases of the hands and feet.

Chirosophist (n.) A fortune teller.

Chirped (imp. & p. p.) of Chirp

Chirping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chirp

Chirp (v. i.) To make a shop, sharp, cheerful, as of small birds or crickets.

Chirp (n.) A short, sharp note, as of a bird or insect.

Chirper (n.) One who chirps, or is cheerful.

Chirping (a.) Cheering; enlivening.

Chirpingly (adv.) In a chirping manner.

Chirre (v. i.) To coo, as a pigeon.

Chirruped (imp. & p. p.) of Chirrup

Chirruping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chirrup

Chirrup (v. t.) To quicken or animate by chirping; to cherup.

Chirrup (v. i.) To chirp.

Chirrup (n.) The act of chirping; a chirp.

Chirrupy (a.) Cheerful; joyous; chatty.

Chirurgeon (n.) A surgeon.

Chirurgeonly (adv.) Surgically.

Chirurgery (n.) Surgery.

Chirurgic (a.) Alt. of Chirurgical

Chirurgical (a.) Surgical

Chisel (n.) A tool with a cutting edge on one end of a metal blade, used in dressing, shaping, or working in timber, stone, metal, etc.; -- usually driven by a mallet or hammer.

Chiseled (imp. & p. p.) of Chisel

Chiselled () of Chisel

Chiseling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chisel

Chiselling () of Chisel

Chisel (v. t.) To cut, pare, gouge, or engrave with a chisel; as, to chisel a block of marble into a statue.

Chisel (v. t.) To cut close, as in a bargain; to cheat.

Chisleu (n.) The ninth month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, answering to a part of November with a part of December.

Chisley (a.) Having a large admixture of small pebbles or gravel; -- said of a soil.

Chit (n.) The embryo or the growing bud of a plant; a shoot; a sprout; as, the chits of Indian corn or of potatoes.

Chit (n.) A child or babe; as, a forward chit; also, a young, small, or insignificant person or animal.

Chit (n.) An excrescence on the body, as a wart.

Chit (n.) A small tool used in cleaving laths.

Chit (v. i.) To shoot out; to sprout.

Chit (3d sing.) Chideth.

Chitchat (n.) Familiar or trifling talk; prattle.

Chitin (n.) A white amorphous horny substance forming the harder part of the outer integument of insects, crustacea, and various other invertebrates; entomolin.

Chitinization (n.) The process of becoming chitinous.

Chitinous (a.) Having the nature of chitin; consisting of, or containing, chitin.

Chiton (n.) An under garment among the ancient Greeks, nearly representing the modern shirt.

Chiton (n.) One of a group of gastropod mollusks, with a shell composed of eight movable dorsal plates. See Polyplacophora.

Chitter (v. i.) To chirp in a tremulous manner, as a bird.

Chitter (v. i.) To shiver or chatter with cold.

Chitterling (n.) The frill to the breast of a shirt, which when ironed out resembled the small entrails. See Chitterlings.

Chitterlings (n. pl.) The smaller intestines of swine, etc., fried for food.

Chittra (n.) The axis deer of India.

Chitty (a.) Full of chits or sprouts.

Chitty (a.) Childish; like a babe.

Chivachie (n.) A cavalry raid; hence, a military expedition.

Chivalric (a.) Relating to chivalry; knightly; chivalrous.

Chivalrous (a.) Pertaining to chivalry or knight-errantry; warlike; heroic; gallant; high-spirited; high-minded; magnanimous.

Chivalrously (adv.) In a chivalrous manner; gallantly; magnanimously.

Chivalry (n.) A body or order of cavaliers or knights serving on horseback; illustrious warriors, collectively; cavalry.

Chivalry (n.) The dignity or system of knighthood; the spirit, usages, or manners of knighthood; the practice of knight-errantry.

Chivalry (n.) The qualifications or character of knights, as valor, dexterity in arms, courtesy, etc.

Chivalry (n.) A tenure of lands by knight's service; that is, by the condition of a knight's performing service on horseback, or of performing some noble or military service to his lord.

Chivalry (n.) Exploit.

Chive (n.) A filament of a stamen.

Chive (n.) A perennial plant (Allium Schoenoprasum), allied to the onion. The young leaves are used in omelets, etc.

Chivied (imp. & p. p.) of Chivy

Chivying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chivy

Chivy (v. t.) To goad, drive, hunt, throw, or pitch.

Chlamydate (a.) Having a mantle; -- applied to certain gastropods.

Chlamyphore (n.) A small South American edentate (Chlamyphorus truncatus, and C. retusus) allied to the armadillo. It is covered with a leathery shell or coat of mail, like a cloak, attached along the spine.

Chlamyses (pl. ) of Chlamys

Chlamydes (pl. ) of Chlamys

Chlamys (n.) A loose and flowing outer garment, worn by the ancient Greeks; a kind of cloak.

Chloasma (n.) A cutaneous affection characterized by yellow or yellowish brown pigmented spots.

Chloral (n.) A colorless oily liquid, CCl3.CHO, of a pungent odor and harsh taste, obtained by the action of chlorine upon ordinary or ethyl alcohol.

Chloral (n.) Chloral hydrate.

Chloralamide (n.) A compound of chloral and formic amide used to produce sleep.

Chloralism (n.) A morbid condition of the system resulting from excessive use of chloral.

Chloralum (n.) An impure aqueous solution of chloride of aluminium, used as an antiseptic and disinfectant.

Chloranil (n.) A yellow crystalline substance, C6Cl4.O2, regarded as a derivative of quinone, obtained by the action of chlorine on certain benzene derivatives, as aniline.

Chlorate (n.) A salt of chloric acid; as, chlorate of potassium.

Chloraurate (n.) See Aurochloride.

Chlorhydric (a.) Same as Hydrochloric.

Chlorhydrin (n.) One of a class of compounds formed from certain polybasic alcohols (and especially glycerin) by the substitution of chlorine for one or more hydroxyl groups.

Chloric (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, chlorine; -- said of those compounds of chlorine in which this element has a valence of five, or the next to its highest; as, chloric acid, HClO3.

Chloridate (v. t.) To treat or prepare with a chloride, as a plate with chloride of silver, for the purposes of photography.

Chloride (n.) A binary compound of chlorine with another element or radical; as, chloride of sodium (common salt).

Chloridic (a.) Of or pertaining to a chloride; containing a chloride.

Chloridize (v. t.) See Chloridate.

Chlorimetry (n.) See Chlorometry.

Chlorinated (imp. & p. p.) of Chlorinate

Chlorinating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chlorinate

Chlorinate (v. t.) To treat, or cause to combine, with chlorine.

Chlorination (n.) The act or process of subjecting anything to the action of chlorine; especially, a process for the extraction of gold by exposure of the auriferous material to chlorine gas.

Chlorine (n.) One of the elementary substances, commonly isolated as a greenish yellow gas, two and one half times as heavy as air, of an intensely disagreeable suffocating odor, and exceedingly poisonous. It is abundant in nature, the most important compound being common salt. It is powerful oxidizing, bleaching, and disinfecting agent. Symbol Cl. Atomic weight, 35.4.

Chloriodic (a.) Compounded of chlorine and iodine; containing chlorine and iodine.

Chloriodine (n.) A compound of chlorine and iodine.

Chlorite (n.) The name of a group of minerals, usually of a green color and micaceous to granular in structure. They are hydrous silicates of alumina, iron, and magnesia.

Chlorite (n.) Any salt of chlorous acid; as, chlorite of sodium.

Chloritic (a.) Pertaining to, or containing, chlorite; as, chloritic sand.

Chlormethane (n.) A colorless gas, CH3Cl, of a sweet odor, easily condensed to a liquid; -- called also methyl chloride.

Chloro- () A prefix denoting that chlorine is an ingredient in the substance named.

Chlorocruorin (n.) A green substance, supposed to be the cause of the green color of the blood in some species of worms.

Chlorodyne (n.) A patent anodyne medicine, containing opium, chloroform, Indian hemp, etc.

Chloroform (n.) A colorless volatile liquid, CHCl3, having an ethereal odor and a sweetish taste, formed by treating alcohol with chlorine and an alkali. It is a powerful solvent of wax, resin, etc., and is extensively used to produce anaesthesia in surgical operations; also externally, to alleviate pain.

Chloroformed (imp. & p. p.) of Chloroform

Chloroforming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chloroform

Chloroform (v. t.) To treat with chloroform, or to place under its influence.

Chloroleucite (n.) Same as Chloroplastid.

Chlorometer (n.) An instrument to test the decoloring or bleaching power of chloride of lime.

Chlorometry (n.) The process of testing the bleaching power of any combination of chlorine.

Chloropal (n.) A massive mineral, greenish in color, and opal-like in appearance. It is essentially a hydrous silicate of iron.

Chloropeptic (a.) Of or pertaining to an acid more generally called pepsin-hydrochloric acid.

Chlorophane (n.) A variety of fluor spar, which, when heated, gives a beautiful emerald green light.

Chlorophane (n.) The yellowish green pigment in the inner segment of the cones of the retina. See Chromophane.

Chlorophyll (n.) Literally, leaf green; a green granular matter formed in the cells of the leaves (and other parts exposed to light) of plants, to which they owe their green color, and through which all ordinary assimilation of plant food takes place. Similar chlorophyll granules have been found in the tissues of the lower animals.

Chloroplastid (n.) A granule of chlorophyll; -- also called chloroleucite.

Chloroplatinic (a.) See Platinichloric.

Chlorosis (n.) The green sickness; an anaemic disease of young women, characterized by a greenish or grayish yellow hue of the skin, weakness, palpitation, etc.

Chlorosis (n.) A disease in plants, causing the flowers to turn green or the leaves to lose their normal green color.

Chlorotic (a.) Pertaining to, or affected by, chlorosis.

Chlorous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, chlorine; -- said of those compounds of chlorine in which this element has a valence of three, the next lower than in chloric compounds; as, chlorous acid, HClO2.

Chlorous (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the electro-negative character of chlorine; hence, electro-negative; -- opposed to basylous or zincous.

Chlorpicrin (n.) A heavy, colorless liquid, CCl3.NO2, of a strong pungent odor, obtained by subjecting picric acid to the action of chlorine.

Chloruret (n.) A chloride.

Choak (v. t. & i.) See Choke.

Choanoid (a.) Funnel-shaped; -- applied particularly to a hollow muscle attached to the ball of the eye in many reptiles and mammals.

Chocard (n.) The chough.

Chocked (imp. & p. p.) of Chock

Chocking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chock

Chock (v. t.) To stop or fasten, as with a wedge, or block; to scotch; as, to chock a wheel or cask.

Chock (v. i.) To fill up, as a cavity.

Chock (n.) A wedge, or block made to fit in any space which it is desired to fill, esp. something to steady a cask or other body, or prevent it from moving, by fitting into the space around or beneath it.

Chock (n.) A heavy casting of metal, usually fixed near the gunwale. It has two short horn-shaped arms curving inward, between which ropes or hawsers may pass for towing, mooring, etc.

Chock (adv.) Entirely; quite; as, chock home; chock aft.

Chock (v. t.) To encounter.

Chock (n.) An encounter.

Chockablock (a.) Hoisted as high as the tackle will admit; brought close together, as the two blocks of a tackle in hoisting.

Chock-full (a.) Quite full; choke-full.

Chocolate (n.) A paste or cake composed of the roasted seeds of the Theobroma Cacao ground and mixed with other ingredients, usually sugar, and cinnamon or vanilla.

Chocolate (n.) The beverage made by dissolving a portion of the paste or cake in boiling water or milk.

Choctaws (n. pl.) A tribe of North American Indians (Southern Appalachian), in early times noted for their pursuit of agriculture, and for living at peace with the white settlers. They are now one of the civilized tribes of the Indian Territory.

Chode () the old imp. of chide. See Chide.

Chogset (n.) See Cunner.

Choice (n.) Act of choosing; the voluntary act of selecting or separating from two or more things that which is preferred; the determination of the mind in preferring one thing to another; election.

Choice (n.) The power or opportunity of choosing; option.

Choice (n.) Care in selecting; judgment or skill in distinguishing what is to be preferred, and in giving a preference; discrimination.

Choice (n.) A sufficient number to choose among.

Choice (n.) The thing or person chosen; that which is approved and selected in preference to others; selection.

Choice (n.) The best part; that which is preferable.

Choice (superl.) Worthly of being chosen or preferred; select; superior; precious; valuable.

Choice (superl.) Preserving or using with care, as valuable; frugal; -- used with of; as, to be choice of time, or of money.

Choice (superl.) Selected with care, and due attention to preference; deliberately chosen.

Choiceful (a.) Making choices; fickle.

Choicely (adv.) With care in choosing; with nice regard to preference.

Choicely (adv.) In a preferable or excellent manner; excellently; eminently.

Choiceness (n.) The quality of being of particular value or worth; nicely; excellence.

Choir (n.) A band or organized company of singers, especially in church service.

Choir (n.) That part of a church appropriated to the singers.

Choir (n.) The chancel.

Choked (imp. & p. p.) of Choke

Choking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Choke

Choke (v. t.) To render unable to breathe by filling, pressing upon, or squeezing the windpipe; to stifle; to suffocate; to strangle.

Choke (v. t.) To obstruct by filling up or clogging any passage; to block up.

Choke (v. t.) To hinder or check, as growth, expansion, progress, etc.; to stifle.

Choke (v. t.) To affect with a sense of strangulation by passion or strong feeling.

Choke (v. t.) To make a choke, as in a cartridge, or in the bore of the barrel of a shotgun.

Choke (v. i.) To have the windpipe stopped; to have a spasm of the throat, caused by stoppage or irritation of the windpipe; to be strangled.

Choke (v. i.) To be checked, as if by choking; to stick.

Choke (n.) A stoppage or irritation of the windpipe, producing the feeling of strangulation.

Choke (n.) The tied end of a cartridge.

Choke (n.) A constriction in the bore of a shotgun, case of a rocket, etc.

Chokeberry (n.) The small apple-shaped or pear-shaped fruit of an American shrub (Pyrus arbutifolia) growing in damp thickets; also, the shrub.

Chokecherry (n.) The astringent fruit of a species of wild cherry (Prunus Virginiana); also, the bush or tree which bears such fruit.

Choke damp () See Carbonic acid, under Carbonic.

Chokedar (n.) A watchman; an officer of customs or police.

Choke-full (a.) Full to the brim; quite full; chock-full.

Choke pear () A kind of pear that has a rough, astringent taste, and is swallowed with difficulty, or which contracts the mucous membrane of the mouth.

Choke pear () A sarcasm by which one is put to silence; anything that can not be answered.

Choker (n.) One who, or that which, chokes.

Choker (n.) A stiff wide cravat; a stock.

Choke-strap (n.) A strap leading from the bellyband to the lower part of the collar, to keep the collar in place.

Choking (a.) That chokes; producing the feeling of strangulation.

Choking (a.) Indistinct in utterance, as the voice of a person affected with strong emotion.

Choky Chokey (a.) Tending to choke or suffocate, or having power to suffocate.

Choky Chokey (a.) Inclined to choke, as a person affected with strong emotion.

Cholaemaa (n.) A disease characterized by severe nervous symptoms, dependent upon the presence of the constituents of the bile in the blood.

Cholagogue (a.) Promoting the discharge of bile from the system.

Cholagogue (n.) An agent which promotes the discharge of bile from the system.

Cholate (n.) A salt of cholic acid; as, sodium cholate.

Cholecystis (n.) The gall bladder.

Cholecystotomy (n.) The operation of making an opening in the gall bladder, as for the removal of a gallstone.

Choledology (n.) A treatise on the bile and bilary organs.

Choleic (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, bile; as, choleic acid.

Choler (n.) The bile; -- formerly supposed to be the seat and cause of irascibility.

Choler (n.) Irritation of the passions; anger; wrath.

Cholera (n.) One of several diseases affecting the digestive and intestinal tract and more or less dangerous to life, esp. the one commonly called Asiatic cholera.

Choleraic (a.) Relating to, or resulting from, or resembling, cholera.

Choleric (a.) Abounding with, or producing choler, or bile.

Choleric (a.) Easily irritated; irascible; inclined to anger.

Choleric (a.) Angry; indicating anger; excited by anger.

Cholericly (adv.) In a choleric manner; angrily.

Choleriform (a.) Resembling cholera.

Cholerine (n.) The precursory symptoms of cholera.

Cholerine (n.) The first stage of epidemic cholera.

Cholerine (n.) A mild form of cholera.

Choleroid (a.) Choleriform.

Cholesteric (a.) Pertaining to cholesterin, or obtained from it; as, cholesteric acid.

Cholesterin (n.) A white, fatty, crystalline substance, tasteless and odorless, found in animal and plant products and tissue, and especially in nerve tissue, in the bile, and in gallstones.

Choliamb (n.) Alt. of Choliambic

Choliambic (n.) A verse having an iambus in the fifth place, and a spondee in the sixth or last.

Cholic (a.) Alt. of Cholinic

Cholinic (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, the bile.

Choline (n.) See Neurine.

Cholochrome (n.) See Bilirubin.

Cholophaein (n.) See Bilirubin.

Choltry (n.) A Hindoo caravansary.

Chomp (v. i.) To chew loudly and greedily; to champ.

Chondrification (n.) Formation of, or conversion into, cartilage.

Chondrify (v. t. & i.) To convert, or be converted, into cartilage.

Chondrigen (n.) The chemical basis of cartilage, converted by long boiling in water into a gelatinous body called chondrin.

Chondrigenous (a.) Affording chondrin.

Chondrin (n.) A colorless, amorphous, nitrogenous substance, tasteless and odorless, formed from cartilaginous tissue by long-continued action of boiling water. It is similar to gelatin, and is a large ingredient of commercial gelatin.

Chondrite (n.) A meteoric stone characterized by the presence of chondrules.

Chondritic (a.) Granular; pertaining to, or having the granular structure characteristic of, the class of meteorites called chondrites.

Chondritis (n.) An inflammation of cartilage.

Chondro- () A combining form meaning a grain, granular, granular cartilage, cartilaginous; as, the chondrocranium, the cartilaginous skull of the lower vertebrates and of embryos.

Chondrodite (n.) A fluosilicate of magnesia and iron, yellow to red in color, often occurring in granular form in a crystalline limestone.

Chondroganoidea (n.) An order of ganoid fishes, including the sturgeons; -- so called on account of their cartilaginous skeleton.

Chondrogen (n.) Same as Chondrigen.

Chondrogenesis (n.) The development of cartilage.

Chondroid (a.) Resembling cartilage.

Chondrology (n.) The science which treats of cartilages.

Chondromata (pl. ) of Chondroma

Chondroma (n.) A cartilaginous tumor or growth.

Chondrometer (n.) A steelyard for weighting grain.

Chondropterygian (a.) Having a cartilaginous skeleton.

Chondropterygian (n.) One of the Chondropterygii.

Chondropterygii (n. pl.) A group of fishes, characterized by cartilaginous fins and skeleton. It includes both ganoids (sturgeons, etc.) and selachians (sharks), but is now often restricted to the latter.

Chondrostei (n. pl.) An order of fishes, including the sturgeons; -- so named because the skeleton is cartilaginous.

Chondrotomy (n.) The dissection of cartilages.

Chondrule (n.) A peculiar rounded granule of some mineral, usually enstatite or chrysolite, found imbedded more or less abundantly in the mass of many meteoric stones, which are hence called chondrites.

Chose (imp.) of Choose

Chosen (p. p.) of Choose

Chose () of Choose

Choosing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Choose

Choose (v. t.) To make choice of; to select; to take by way of preference from two or more objects offered; to elect; as, to choose the least of two evils.

Choose (v. t.) To wish; to desire; to prefer.

Choose (v. i.) To make a selection; to decide.

Choose (v. i.) To do otherwise.

Chooser (n.) One who chooses; one who has the power or right of choosing; an elector.

Chopped (imp. & p. p.) of Chop

Chopping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chop

Chop (v. t.) To cut by striking repeatedly with a sharp instrument; to cut into pieces; to mince; -- often with up.

Chop (v. t.) To sever or separate by one more blows of a sharp instrument; to divide; -- usually with off or down.

Chop (v. t.) To seize or devour greedily; -- with up.

Chop (v. i.) To make a quick strike, or repeated strokes, with an ax or other sharp instrument.

Chop (v. i.) To do something suddenly with an unexpected motion; to catch or attempt to seize.

Chop (v. i.) To interrupt; -- with in or out.

Chop (v. i.) To barter or truck.

Chop (v. i.) To exchange; substitute one thing for another.

Chop (v. i.) To purchase by way of truck.

Chop (v. i.) To vary or shift suddenly; as, the wind chops about.

Chop (v. i.) To wrangle; to altercate; to bandy words.

Chop (n.) A change; a vicissitude.

Chop (v. t. & i.) To crack. See Chap, v. t. & i.

Chop (n.) The act of chopping; a stroke.

Chop (n.) A piece chopped off; a slice or small piece, especially of meat; as, a mutton chop.

Chop (n.) A crack or cleft. See Chap.

Chop (n.) A jaw of an animal; -- commonly in the pl. See Chops.

Chop (n.) A movable jaw or cheek, as of a wooden vise.

Chop (n.) The land at each side of the mouth of a river, harbor, or channel; as, East Chop or West Chop. See Chops.

Chop (n.) Quality; brand; as, silk of the first chop.

Chop (n.) A permit or clearance.

Chopboat (n.) A licensed lighter employed in the transportation of goods to and from vessels.

Chopchurch (n.) An exchanger or an exchange of benefices.

Chopfallen (a.) Having the lower chop or jaw depressed; hence, crestfallen; dejected; dispirited; downcast. See Chapfallen.

Chophouse (n.) A house where chops, etc., are sold; an eating house.

Chophouse (n.) A customhouse where transit duties are levied.

Chopin (n.) A liquid measure formerly used in France and Great Britain, varying from half a pint to a wine quart.

Chopin (n.) See Chopine.

Chopine (n.) A clog, or patten, having a very thick sole, or in some cases raised upon a stilt to a height of a foot or more.

Chop-logic (n.) One who bandies words or is very argumentative.

Chopness (n.) A kind of spade.

Chopper (n.) One who, or that which, chops.

Chopping (a.) Stout or plump; large.

Chopping (a.) Shifting or changing suddenly, as the wind; also, having tumbling waves dashing against each other; as, a chopping sea.

Chopping (n.) Act of cutting by strokes.

Choppy (a.) Full of cracks.

Choppy (a.) Rough, with short, tumultuous waves; as, a choppy sea.

Chops (n. pl.) The jaws; also, the fleshy parts about the mouth.

Chops (n. pl.) The sides or capes at the mouth of a river, channel, harbor, or bay; as, the chops of the English Channel.

Chopstick (n.) One of two small sticks of wood, ivory, etc., used by the Chinese and Japanese to convey food to the mouth.

Choragic (a.) Of or pertaining to a choragus.

Choragi (pl. ) of Choragus

Choragus (n.) A chorus leader; esp. one who provided at his own expense and under his own supervision one of the choruses for the musical contents at Athens.

Choral (a.) Of or pertaining to a choir or chorus; singing, sung, or adapted to be sung, in chorus or harmony.

Choral (n.) A hymn tune; a simple sacred tune, sung in unison by the congregation; as, the Lutheran chorals.

Choralist (n.) A singer or composer of chorals.

Chorally (adv.) In the manner of a chorus; adapted to be sung by a choir; in harmony.

Chord (n.) The string of a musical instrument.

Chord (n.) A combination of tones simultaneously performed, producing more or less perfect harmony, as, the common chord.

Chord (n.) A right line uniting the extremities of the arc of a circle or curve.

Chord (n.) A cord. See Cord, n., 4.

Chord (n.) The upper or lower part of a truss, usually horizontal, resisting compression or tension.

Chorded (imp. & p. p.) of Chord

Chording (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chord

Chord (v. t.) To provide with musical chords or strings; to string; to tune.

Chord (v. i.) To accord; to harmonize together; as, this note chords with that.

Chorda (n.) A cord.

Chordal (a.) Of or pertaining to a chord.

Chordata (n. pl.) A comprehensive division of animals including all Vertebrata together with the Tunicata, or all those having a dorsal nervous cord.

Chordee (n.) A painful erection of the penis, usually with downward curvature, occurring in gonorrhea.

Chore (n.) A small job; in the pl., the regular or daily light work of a household or farm, either within or without doors.

Chored (imp. & p. p.) of Chore

Choring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chore

Chore (v. i.) To do chores.

Chore (n.) A choir or chorus.

Chorea (n.) St. Vitus's dance; a disease attended with convulsive twitchings and other involuntary movements of the muscles or limbs.

Choree (n.) See Choreus.

Choregraphic (a.) Alt. of Choregraphical

Choregraphical (a.) Pertaining to choregraphy.

Choregraphy (n.) The art of representing dancing by signs, as music is represented by notes.

Choreic (a.) Of the nature of, or pertaining to, chorea; convulsive.

Chorepiscopal (a.) Pertaining to a chorepiscopus or his change or authority.

Chorepiscopi (pl. ) of Chorepiscopus

Chorepiscopus (n.) A "country" or suffragan bishop, appointed in the ancient church by a diocesan bishop to exercise episcopal jurisdiction in a rural district.

Choreus (n.) Alt. of Choree

Choree (n.) a trochee.

Choree (n.) A tribrach.

Choriambs (pl. ) of Choriamb

Choriamb (n.) Same as Choriambus.

Choriambic (a.) Pertaining to a choriamb.

Choriambic (n.) A choriamb.

Choriambi (pl. ) of Choriambus

Choriambuses (pl. ) of Choriambus

Choriambus (n.) A foot consisting of four syllables, of which the first and last are long, and the other short (- ~ ~ -); that is, a choreus, or trochee, and an iambus united.

Choric (a.) Of or pertaining to a chorus.

Chorion (n.) The outer membrane which invests the fetus in the womb; also, the similar membrane investing many ova at certain stages of development.

Chorion (n.) The true skin, or cutis.

Chorion (n.) The outer membrane of seeds of plants.

Chorisis (n.) The separation of a leaf or floral organ into two more parts.

Chorist (n.) A singer in a choir; a chorister.

Chorister (n.) One of a choir; a singer in a chorus.

Chorister (n.) One who leads a choir in church music.

Choristic (a.) Choric; choral.

Chorograph (n.) An instrument for constructing triangles in marine surveying, etc.

Chorographer (n.) One who describes or makes a map of a district or region.

Chorographer (n.) A geographical antiquary; one who investigates the locality of ancient places.

Chorographical (a.) Pertaining to chorography.

Chorography (n.) the mapping or description of a region or district.

Choroid (a.) resembling the chorion; as, the choroid plexuses of the ventricles of the brain, and the choroid coat of the eyeball.

Choroid (n.) The choroid coat of the eye. See Eye.

Choroidal (a.) Pertaining to the choroid coat.

Chorology (n.) The science which treats of the laws of distribution of living organisms over the earth's surface as to latitude, altitude, locality, etc.

Chorometry (n.) The art of surveying a region or district.

Choruses (pl. ) of Chorus

Chorus (n.) A band of singers and dancers.

Chorus (n.) A company of persons supposed to behold what passed in the acts of a tragedy, and to sing the sentiments which the events suggested in couplets or verses between the acts; also, that which was thus sung by the chorus.

Chorus (n.) An interpreter in a dumb show or play.

Chorus (n.) A company of singers singing in concert.

Chorus (n.) A composition of two or more parts, each of which is intended to be sung by a number of voices.

Chorus (n.) Parts of a song or hymn recurring at intervals, as at the end of stanzas; also, a company of singers who join with the singer or choir in singer or choir in singing such parts.

Chorus (n.) The simultaneous of a company in any noisy demonstration; as, a Chorus of shouts and catcalls.

Chorused (imp. & p. p.) of Chorus

Chorusing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chorus

Chorus (v. i.) To sing in chorus; to exclaim simultaneously.

Choses (pl. ) of Chose

Chose (n.) A thing; personal property.

Chose () imp. & p. p. of Choose.

Chosen (p. p.) Selected from a number; picked out; choice.

Chosen (n.) One who, or that which is the object of choice or special favor.

Chouan (n.) One of the royalist insurgents in western France (Brittany, etc.), during and after the French revolution.

Chough (n.) A bird of the Crow family (Fregilus graculus) of Europe. It is of a black color, with a long, slender, curved bill and red legs; -- also called chauk, chauk-daw, chocard, Cornish chough, red-legged crow. The name is also applied to several allied birds, as the Alpine chough.

Chouicha (n.) The salmon of the Columbia River or California. See Quinnat.

Chouka (n.) The Indian four-horned antelope; the chikara.

Choule (n.) See Jowl.

Choultry (n.) See Choltry.

Choused (imp. & p. p.) of Chouse

Chousing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chouse

Chouse (v. t.) To cheat, trick, defraud; -- followed by of, or out of; as, to chouse one out of his money.

Chouse (n.) One who is easily cheated; a tool; a simpleton; a gull.

Chouse (n.) A trick; sham; imposition.

Chouse (n.) A swindler.

Chout (n.) An assessment equal to a fourth part of the revenue.

Chowchow (a.) Consisting of several kinds mingled together; mixed; as, chowchow sweetmeats (preserved fruits put together).

Chowchow (n.) A kind of mixed pickles.

Chowder (n.) A dish made of fresh fish or clams, biscuit, onions, etc., stewed together.

Chowder (n.) A seller of fish.

Chowder (v. t.) To make a chowder of.

Chowry (n.) A whisk to keep off files, used in the East Indies.

Chowter (v. t.) To grumble or mutter like a froward child.

Choy root () See Chay root.

Chrematistics (n.) The science of wealth; the science, or a branch of the science, of political economy.

Chreotechnics (n.) The science of the useful arts, esp. agriculture, manufactures, and commerce.

Chrestomathic (a.) Teaching what is useful.

Chrestomathy (n.) A selection of passages, with notes, etc., to be used in acquiring a language; as, a Hebrew chrestomathy.

Chrism (n.) Olive oil mixed with balm and spices, consecrated by the bishop on Maundy Thursday, and used in the administration of baptism, confirmation, ordination, etc.

Chrism (n.) The same as Chrisom.

Chrismal (a.) Of or pertaining to or used in chrism.

Chrismation (n.) The act of applying the chrism, or consecrated oil.

Chrismatory (n.) A cruet or vessel in which chrism is kept.

Chrisom (n.) A white cloth, anointed with chrism, or a white mantle thrown over a child when baptized or christened.

Chrisom (n.) A child which died within a month after its baptism; -- so called from the chrisom cloth which was used as a shroud for it.

Christ (n.) The Anointed; an appellation given to Jesus, the Savior. It is synonymous with the Hebrew Messiah.

Christcross (n.) The mark of the cross, as cut, painted, written, or stamped on certain objects, -- sometimes as the sign of 12 o'clock on a dial.

Christcross (n.) The beginning and the ending.

Christcross-row () The alphabet; -- formerly so called, either from the cross usually set before it, or from a superstitious custom, sometimes practiced, of writing it in the form of a cross, by way of a charm.

Christened (imp. & p. p.) of Christen

Christening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Christen

Christen (v. t.) To baptize and give a Christian name to.

Christen (v. t.) To give a name; to denominate.

Christen (v. t.) To Christianize.

Christen (v. t.) To use for the first time.

Christendom (n.) The profession of faith in Christ by baptism; hence, the Christian religion, or the adoption of it.

Christendom (n.) The name received at baptism; or, more generally, any name or appelation.

Christendom (n.) That portion of the world in which Christianity prevails, or which is governed under Christian institutions, in distinction from heathen or Mohammedan lands.

Christendom (n.) The whole body of Christians.

Christian (n.) One who believes, or professes or is assumed to believe, in Jesus Christ, and the truth as taught by Him; especially, one whose inward and outward life is conformed to the doctrines of Christ.

Christian (n.) One born in a Christian country or of Christian parents, and who has not definitely becomes an adherent of an opposing system.

Christian (n.) One of a Christian denomination which rejects human creeds as bases of fellowship, and sectarian names. They are congregational in church government, and baptize by immersion. They are also called Disciples of Christ, and Campbellites.

Christian (n.) One of a sect (called Christian Connection) of open-communion immersionists. The Bible is their only authoritative rule of faith and practice.

Christian (a.) Pertaining to Christ or his religion; as, Christian people.

Christian (a.) Pertaining to the church; ecclesiastical; as, a Christian court.

Christian (a.) Characteristic of Christian people; civilized; kind; kindly; gentle; beneficent.

Christianism (n.) The Christian religion.

Christianism (n.) The Christian world; Christendom.

Christianite (n.) Same as Anorthite.

Christianite (n.) See Phillipsite.

Christianity (n.) The religion of Christians; the system of doctrines and precepts taught by Christ.

Christianity (n.) Practical conformity of one's inward and outward life to the spirit of the Christian religion

Christianity (n.) The body of Christian believers.

Christianization (n.) The act or process of converting or being converted to a true Christianity.

Christianized (imp. & p. p.) of Christianize

Christianizing (p. pr. vb. n.) of Christianize

Christianize (v. t.) To make Christian; to convert to Christianity; as, to Christianize pagans.

Christianize (v. t.) To imbue with or adapt to Christian principles.

Christianize (v. i.) To adopt the character or belief of a Christian; to become Christian.

Christianlike (a.) Becoming to a Christian.

Christianly (adv.) In a manner becoming the principles of the Christian religion.

Christianly (a.) Christianlike.

Christianness (n.) Consonance with the doctrines of Christianity.

Christless (a.) Without faith in Christ; unchristian.

Christlike (a.) Resembling Christ in character, actions, etc.

Christly (a.) Christlike.

Christmas (n.) An annual church festival (December 25) and in some States a legal holiday, in memory of the birth of Christ, often celebrated by a particular church service, and also by special gifts, greetings, and hospitality.

Christmastide (n.) The season of Christmas.

Christocentric (a.) Making Christ the center, about whom all things are grouped, as in religion or history; tending toward Christ, as the central object of thought or emotion.

Christology (n.) A treatise on Christ; that department of theology which treats of the personality, attributes, or life of Christ.

Christom (n.) See Chrisom.

Christophany (n.) An appearance of Christ, as to his disciples after the crucifixion.

Christ's-thorn (n.) One of several prickly or thorny shrubs found in Palestine, especially the Paliurus aculeatus, Zizyphus Spina-Christi, and Z. vulgaris. The last bears the fruit called jujube, and may be considered to have been the most readily obtainable for the Crown of Thorns.

Chromascope (n.) An instrument for showing the optical effects of color.

Chromate (n.) A salt of chromic acid.

Chromatic (a.) Relating to color, or to colors.

Chromatic (a.) Proceeding by the smaller intervals (half steps or semitones) of the scale, instead of the regular intervals of the diatonic scale.

Chromatical (a.) Chromatic.

Chromatically (adv.) In a chromatic manner.

Chromatics (n.) The science of colors; that part of optics which treats of the properties of colors.

Chromatin (n.) Tissue which is capable of being stained by dyes.

Chromatism (n.) The state of being colored, as in the case of images formed by a lens.

Chromatism (n.) An abnormal coloring of plants.

Chromatogenous (a.) Producing color.

Chromatography (n.) A treatise on colors

Chromatology (n.) A treatise on colors.

Chromatophore (n.) A contractile cell or vesicle containing liquid pigment and capable of changing its form or size, thus causing changes of color in the translucent skin of such animals as possess them. They are highly developed and numerous in the cephalopods.

Chromatophore (n.) One of the granules of protoplasm, which in mass give color to the part of the plant containing them.

Chromatoscope (n.) A reflecting telescope, part of which is made to rotate eccentrically, so as to produce a ringlike image of a star, instead of a point; -- used in studying the scintillation of the stars.

Chromatosphere (n.) A chromosphere.

Chromatrope (n.) An instrument for exhibiting certain chromatic effects of light (depending upon the persistence of vision and mixture of colors) by means of rapidly rotating disks variously colored.

Chromatrope (n.) A device in a magic lantern or stereopticon to produce kaleidoscopic effects.

Chromatype (n.) A colored photographic picture taken upon paper made sensitive with potassium bichromate or some other salt of chromium.

Chromatype (n.) The process by which such picture is made.

Chrome (n.) Same as Chromium.

Chromic (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, chromium; -- said of the compounds of chromium in which it has its higher valence.

Chromid (n.) One of the Chromidae, a family of fresh-water fishes abundant in the tropical parts of America and Africa. Some are valuable food fishes, as the bulti of the Nile.

Chromidrosis (n.) Secretion of abnormally colored perspiration.

Chromism (n.) Same as Chromatism.

Chromite (n.) A black submetallic mineral consisting of oxide of chromium and iron; -- called also chromic iron.

Chromite (n.) A compound or salt of chromous hydroxide regarded as an acid.

Chromium (n.) A comparatively rare element occurring most abundantly in the mineral chromite. Atomic weight 52.5. Symbol Cr. When isolated it is a hard, brittle, grayish white metal, fusible with difficulty. Its chief commercial importance is for its compounds, as potassium chromate, lead chromate, etc., which are brilliantly colored and are used dyeing and calico printing. Called also chrome.

Chromos (pl. ) of Chromo

Chromo (n.) A chromolithograph.

Chromoblast (n.) An embryonic cell which develops into a pigment cell.

Chromogen () Vegetable coloring matter other than green; chromule.

Chromogen () Any colored compound, supposed to contain one or more chromophores.

Chromogenic (a.) Containing, or capable of forming, chromogen; as, chromogenic bacteria.

Chromograph (n.) An apparatus by which a number of copies of written matter, maps, plans, etc., can be made; -- called also hectograph.

Chromoleucite (n.) A chromoplastid.

Chromolithograph (n.) A picture printed in tints and colors by repeated impressions from a series of stones prepared by the lithographic process.

Chromolithographer (n.) One who is engaged in chromolithography.

Chromolithographic (a.) Pertaining to, or made by, chromolithography.

Chromolithography (n.) Lithography adapted to printing in inks of various colors.

Chromophane (n.) A general name for the several coloring matters, red, green, yellow, etc., present in the inner segments in the cones of the retina, held in solution by fats, and slowly decolorized by light; distinct from the photochemical pigments of the rods of the retina.

Chromophore (n.) Any chemical group or residue (as NO2; N2; or O2) which imparts some decided color to the compound of which it is an ingredient.

Chromophotography (n.) The art of producing photographs in colors.

Chromophotolithograph (n.) A photolithograph printed in colors.

Chromoplastid (n.) A protoplasmic granule of some other color than green; -- also called chromoleucite.

Chromosome (n.) One of the minute bodies into which the chromatin of the nucleus is resolved during mitotic cell division; the idant of Weismann.

Chromosphere (n.) An atmosphere of rare matter, composed principally of incandescent hydrogen gas, surrounding the sun and enveloping the photosphere. Portions of the chromosphere are here and there thrown up into enormous tongues of flame.

Chromospheric (a.) Of or pertaining to the chromosphere.

Chromotype (n.) A sheet printed in colors by any process, as a chromolithograph. See Chromolithograph.

Chromotype (n.) A photographic picture in the natural colors.

Chromous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, chromium, when this element has a valence lower than that in chromic compounds.

Chromule (n.) A general name for coloring matter of plants other than chlorophyll, especially that of petals.

Chronic (a.) Relating to time; according to time.

Chronic (a.) Continuing for a long time; lingering; habitual.

Chronical (a.) Chronic.

Chronicle (n.) An historical register or account of facts or events disposed in the order of time.

Chronicle (n.) A narrative of events; a history; a record.

Chronicle (n.) The two canonical books of the Old Testament in which immediately follow 2 Kings.

Chronicled (imp. & p. p.) of Chronicle

Chronicling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chronicle

Chronicle (v. t.) To record in a history or chronicle; to record; to register.

Chronicler (n.) A writer of a chronicle; a recorder of events in the order of time; an historian.

Chronique (n.) A chronicle.

Chronogram (n.) An inscription in which certain numeral letters, made to appear specially conspicuous, on being added together, express a particular date or epoch, as in the motto of a medal struck by Gustavus Adolphus in 1632: ChrIstVs DVX; ergo trIVMphVs.- the capitals of which give, when added as numerals, the sum 1632.

Chronogram (n.) The record or inscription made by a chronograph.

Chronogrammatic (a.) Alt. of Chronogrammatical

Chronogrammatical (a.) Belonging to a chronogram, or containing one.

Chronogrammatist (n.) A writer of chronograms.

Chronograph (n.) An instrument for measuring or recording intervals of time, upon a revolving drum or strip of paper moved by clockwork. The action of the stylus or pen is controlled by electricity.

Chronograph (n.) Same as Chronogram, 1.

Chronograph (n.) A chronoscope.

Chronographer (n.) One who writes a chronography; a chronologer.

Chronographic (a.) Of or pertaining to a chronograph.

Chronography (n.) A description or record of past time; history.

Chronologer (n.) Same as Chronologist.

Chronologic (a.) Alt. of Chronological

Chronological (a.) Relating to chronology; containing an account of events in the order of time; according to the order of time; as, chronological tables.

Chronologist (n.) Alt. of Chronologer

Chronologer (n.) A person who investigates dates of events and transactions; one skilled in chronology.

Chronologies (pl. ) of Chronology

Chronology (n.) The science which treats of measuring time by regular divisions or periods, and which assigns to events or transactions their proper dates.

Chronometer (n.) An instrument for measuring time; a timekeeper.

Chronometer (n.) A portable timekeeper, with a heavy compensation balance, and usually beating half seconds; -- intended to keep time with great accuracy for use an astronomical observations, in determining longitude, etc.

Chronometer (n.) A metronome.

Chronometric (a.) Alt. of Chronometrical

Chronometrical (a.) Pertaining to a chronometer; measured by a chronometer.

Chronometry (n.) The art of measuring time; the measuring of time by periods or divisions.

Chronopher (n.) An instrument signaling the correct time to distant points by electricity.

Chronoscope (n.) An instrument for measuring minute intervals of time; used in determining the velocity of projectiles, the duration of short-lived luminous phenomena, etc.

Chrysalid (a.) Pertaining to a chrysalis; resembling a chrysalis.

Chrysalids (pl. ) of Chrysalid

Chrysalid (n.) See Chrysalis.

Chrysalides (pl. ) of Chrysalis

Chrysalis (n.) The pupa state of certain insects, esp. of butterflies, from which the perfect insect emerges. See Pupa, and Aurelia (a).

Chrysaniline (n.) A yellow substance obtained as a by-product in the manufacture of rosaniline. It dyes silk a fine golden-yellow color.

Chrysanthemum (n.) A genus of composite plants, mostly perennial, and of many species including the many varieties of garden chrysanthemums (annual and perennial), and also the feverfew and the oxeye daisy.

Chrysarobin (n.) A bitter, yellow substance forming the essential constituent of Goa powder, and yielding chrysophanic acid proper; hence formerly called also chrysphanic acid.

Chrysaurin (n.) An orange-colored dyestuff, of artificial production.

Chryselephantine (a.) Composed of, or adorned with, gold and ivory.

Chrysene (n.) One of the higher aromatic hydrocarbons of coal tar, allied to naphthalene and anthracene. It is a white crystalline substance, C18H12, of strong blue fluorescence, but generally colored yellow by impurities.

Chrysoberyl (n.) A mineral, found in crystals, of a yellow to green or brown color, and consisting of aluminia and glucina. It is very hard, and is often used as a gem.

Chrysochlore (n.) A South African mole of the genus Chrysochloris; the golden mole, the fur of which reflects brilliant metallic hues of green and gold.

Chrysocolla (n.) A hydrous silicate of copper, occurring massive, of a blue or greenish blue color.

Chrysogen (n.) A yellow crystalline substance extracted from crude anthracene.

Chrysography (n.) The art of writing in letters of gold.

Chrysography (n.) A writing executed in letters of gold.

Chrysoidine (n.) An artificial, yellow, crystalline dye, C6H5N2.C6H3(NH2)2. Also, one of a group of dyestuffs resembling chrysoidine proper.

Chrysolite (n.) A mineral, composed of silica, magnesia, and iron, of a yellow to green color. It is common in certain volcanic rocks; -- called also olivine and peridot. Sometimes used as a gem. The name was also early used for yellow varieties of tourmaline and topaz.

Chrysology (n.) That branch of political economy which relates to the production of wealth.

Chrysopa (n.) A genus of neuropterous insects. See Lacewing.

Chrysophane (n.) A glucoside extracted from rhubarb as a bitter, yellow, crystalline powder, and yielding chrysophanic acid on decomposition.

Chrysophanic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, or resembling, chrysophane.

Chrysoprase (n.) An apple-green variety of chalcedony, colored by nickel. It has a dull flinty luster, and is sometimes used in jewelry.

Chrysoprasus (n.) See Chrysoprase.

Chrysosperm (n.) The seed of gold; a means of creating gold.

Chrysotype (n.) A photographic picture taken upon paper prepared by the use of a sensitive salt of iron and developed by the application of chloride of gold.

Chrysotype (n.) 2process, invented by Sir J.Herschel.

Chthonic (a.) Pertaining to the earth; earthy; as, chthonic religions.

Chthonophagia (n.) Alt. of Chthonophagy

Chthonophagy (n.) A disease characterized by an irresistible desire to eat earth, observed in some parts of the southern United States, the West Indies, etc.

Chub (n.) A species to fresh-water fish of the Cyprinidae or Carp family. The common European species is Leuciscus cephalus; the cheven. In America the name is applied to various fishes of the same family, of the genera Semotilus, Squalius, Ceratichthys, etc., and locally to several very different fishes, as the tautog, black bass, etc.

Chubbed (a.) Chubby.

Chubbedness (n.) The state of being chubby.

Chubby (a.) Like a chub; plump, short, and thick.

Chub-faced (a.) Having a plump, short face.

Chucked (imp. & p. p.) of Chuck

Chucking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chuck

Chuck (v. i.) To make a noise resembling that of a hen when she calls her chickens; to cluck.

Chuck (v. i.) To chuckle; to laugh.

Chuck (v. t.) To call, as a hen her chickens.

Chuck (n.) The chuck or call of a hen.

Chuck (n.) A sudden, small noise.

Chuck (n.) A word of endearment; -- corrupted from chick.

Chucked (imp. & p. p.) of Chuck

Chucking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chuck

Chuck (v. t.) To strike gently; to give a gentle blow to.

Chuck (v. t.) To toss or throw smartly out of the hand; to pitch.

Chuck (v. t.) To place in a chuck, or hold by means of a chuck, as in turning; to bore or turn (a hole) in a revolving piece held in a chuck.

Chuck (n.) A slight blow or pat under the chin.

Chuck (n.) A short throw; a toss.

Chuck (n.) A contrivance or machine fixed to the mandrel of a lathe, for holding a tool or the material to be operated upon.

Chuck (n.) A small pebble; -- called also chuckstone and chuckiestone.

Chuck (n.) A game played with chucks, in which one or more are tossed up and caught; jackstones.

Chuck (n.) A piece of the backbone of an animal, from between the neck and the collar bone, with the adjoining parts, cut for cooking; as, a chuck steak; a chuck roast.

Chuckled (imp. & p. p.) of Chuckle

Chuckling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chuckle

Chuckle (v. t.) To call, as a hen her chickens; to cluck.

Chuckle (v. t.) To fondle; to cocker.

Chuckle (n.) A short, suppressed laugh; the expression of satisfaction, exultation, or derision.

Chuckle (v. i.) To laugh in a suppressed or broken manner, as expressing inward satisfaction, exultation, or derision.

Chucklehead (n.) A person with a large head; a numskull; a dunce.

Chuckleheaded (a.) Having a large head; thickheaded; dull; stupid.

Chuck-Will's-widow (n.) A species of goatsucker (Antrostomus Carolinensis), of the southern United States; -- so called from its note.

Chud (v. t.) To champ; to bite.

Chuet (n.) Minced meat.

Chufa (n.) A sedgelike plant (Cyperus esculentus) producing edible tubers, native about the Mediterranean, now cultivated in many regions; the earth almond.

Chuff (n.) A coarse or stupid fellow.

Chuff (a.) Stupid; churlish.

Chuffily (adv.) Clownishly; surlily.

Chuffiness (n.) The quality of being chuffy.

Chuffy (a.) Fat or puffed out in the cheeks.

Chuffy (a.) Rough; clownish; surly.

Chulan (n.) The fragrant flowers of the Chloranthus inconspicuus, used in China for perfuming tea.

Chum (n.) A roommate, especially in a college or university; an old and intimate friend.

Chummed (imp. p. p.) of Chum

Chumming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Chum

Chum (v. i.) To occupy a chamber with another; as, to chum together at college.

Chum (n.) Chopped pieces of fish used as bait.

Chump (n.) A short, thick, heavy piece of wood.

Chunam (n.) Quicklime; also, plaster or mortar.

Chunk (n.) A short, thick piece of anything.

Chunky (a.) Short and thick.

Church (n.) A building set apart for Christian worship.

Church (n.) A Jewish or heathen temple.

Church (n.) A formally organized body of Christian believers worshiping together.

Church (n.) A body of Christian believers, holding the same creed, observing the same rites, and acknowledging the same ecclesiastical authority; a denomination; as, the Roman Catholic church; the Presbyterian church.

Church (n.) The collective body of Christians.

Church (n.) Any body of worshipers; as, the Jewish church; the church of Brahm.

Church (n.) The aggregate of religious influences in a community; ecclesiastical influence, authority, etc.; as, to array the power of the church against some moral evil.

Churched (imp. & p. p.) of Church

Churching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Church

Church (v. t.) To bless according to a prescribed form, or to unite with in publicly returning thanks in church, as after deliverance from the dangers of childbirth; as, the churching of women.

Church-ale (n.) A church or parish festival (as in commemoration of the dedication of a church), at which much ale was used.

Church-bench (n.) A seat in the porch of a church.

Churchdom (n.) The institution, government, or authority of a church.

Churchgoer (n.) One who attends church.

Churchgoing (a.) Habitually attending church.

Churchgoing (a.) Summoning to church.

Church-haw (n.) Churchyard.

Churchism (n.) Strict adherence to the forms or principles of some church organization; sectarianism.

Churchless (a.) Without a church.

Churchlike (a.) Befitting a church or a churchman; becoming to a clergyman.

Churchliness (n.) Regard for the church.

Churchly (a.) Pertaining to, or suitable for, the church; ecclesiastical.

Churchmen (pl. ) of Churchman

Churchman (n.) An ecclesiastic or clergyman.

Churchman (n.) An Episcopalian, or a member of the Established Church of England.

Churchman (n.) One was is attached to, or attends, church.

Churchmanly (a.) Pertaining to, or becoming, a churchman.

Churchmanship (n.) The state or quality of being a churchman; attachment to the church.

Church modes () The modes or scales used in ancient church music. See Gregorian.

Churchship (n.) State of being a church.

Churchwarden (n.) One of the officers (usually two) in an Episcopal church, whose duties vary in different dioceses, but always include the provision of what is necessary for the communion service.

Churchwarden (n.) A clay tobacco pipe, with a long tube.

Churchwardenship (n.) The office of a churchwarden.

Churchy (a.) Relating to a church; unduly fond of church forms.

Churchyard (n.) The ground adjoining a church, in which the dead are buried; a cemetery.

Churl (n.) A rustic; a countryman or laborer.

Churl (n.) A rough, surly, ill-bred man; a boor.

Churl (n.) A selfish miser; an illiberal person; a niggard.

Churl (a.) Churlish; rough; selfish.

Churlish (a.) Like a churl; rude; cross-grained; ungracious; surly; illiberal; niggardly.

Churlish (a.) Wanting pliancy; unmanageable; unyielding; not easily wrought; as, a churlish soil; the churlish and intractable nature of some minerals.

Churlishly (adv.) In a churlish manner.

Churlishness (n.) Rudeness of manners or temper; lack of kindness or courtesy.

Churly (a.) Rude; churlish; violent.

Churme (n.) Alt. of Chirm

Chirm (n.) Clamor, or confused noise; buzzing.

Churn (v. t.) A vessel in which milk or cream is stirred, beaten, or otherwise agitated (as by a plunging or revolving dasher) in order to separate the oily globules from the other parts, and obtain butter.

Churned (imp. & p. p.) of Churn

Churning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Churn

Churn (v. t.) To stir, beat, or agitate, as milk or cream in a churn, in order to make butter.

Churn (v. t.) To shake or agitate with violence.

Churn (v. i.) To perform the operation of churning.

Churning (n.) The act of one who churns.

Churning (n.) The quantity of butter made at one operation.

Churrus (n.) A powerfully narcotic and intoxicating gum resin which exudes from the flower heads, seeds, etc., of Indian hemp.

Churrworm (n.) An insect that turns about nimbly; the mole cricket; -- called also fan cricket.

Chuse (v. t.) See Choose.

Chute (n.) A framework, trough, or tube, upon or through which objects are made to slide from a higher to a lower level, or through which water passes to a wheel.

Chute (n.) See Shoot.

Chutney (n.) Alt. of Chutnee

Chutnee (n.) A warm or spicy condiment or pickle made in India, compounded of various vegetable substances, sweets, acids, etc.

Chylaceous (a.) Possessed of the properties of chyle; consisting of chyle.

Chylaqueous (a.) Consisting of chyle much diluted with water; -- said of a liquid which forms the circulating fluid of some inferior animals.

Chyle (n.) A milky fluid containing the fatty matter of the food in a state of emulsion, or fine mechanical division; formed from chyme by the action of the intestinal juices. It is absorbed by the lacteals, and conveyed into the blood by the thoracic duct.

Chylifaction (n.) The act or process by which chyle is formed from food in animal bodies; chylification, -- a digestive process.

Chylifactive (a.) Producing, or converting into, chyle; having the power to form chyle.

Chyliferous (a.) Transmitting or conveying chyle; as, chyliferous vessels.

Chylific (a.) Chylifactive.

Chylification (n.) The formation of chyle. See Chylifaction.

Chylificatory (a.) Chylifactive.

Chylify (v. t. & i.) To make chyle of; to be converted into chyle.

Chylopoetic (a.) Concerned in the formation of chyle; as, the chylopoetic organs.

Chylous (a.) Consisting of, or similar to, chyle.

Chyluria (n.) A morbid condition in which the urine contains chyle or fatty matter, giving it a milky appearance.

Chyme (n.) The pulpy mass of semi-digested food in the small intestines just after its passage from the stomach. It is separated in the intestines into chyle and excrement. See Chyle.

Chymic () Alt. of Chymistry

Chymist () Alt. of Chymistry

Chymistry () See Chemic, Chemist, Chemistry.

Chymiferous (a.) Bearing or containing chyme.

Chymification (n.) The conversion of food into chyme by the digestive action of gastric juice.

Chymify (v. t.) To form into chyme.

Chymous (a.) Of or pertaining to chyme.

Chyometer (n.) An instrument for measuring liquids. It consists of a piston moving in a tube in which is contained the liquid, the quantity expelled being indicated by the graduation upon the piston rod.

Dhole (n.) A fierce, wild dog (Canis Dukhunensis), found in the mountains of India. It is remarkable for its propensity to hunt the tiger and other wild animals in packs.

Dhony (n.) A Ceylonese boat. See Doni.

Dhoorra (n.) Alt. of Dhurra

Dhourra (n.) Alt. of Dhurra

Dhurra (n.) Indian millet. See Durra.

Dhow (n.) A coasting vessel of Arabia, East Africa, and the Indian Ocean. It has generally but one mast and a lateen sail.

Eh (interj.) An expression of inquiry or slight surprise.

Ehlite (n.) A mineral of a green color and pearly luster; a hydrous phosphate of copper.

Gharry (n.) Any wheeled cart or carriage.

Ghast (a.) To strike aghast; to affright.

Ghastful (a.) Fit to make one aghast; dismal.

Ghastliness (n.) The state of being ghastly; a deathlike look.

Ghastly (superl.) Like a ghost in appearance; deathlike; pale; pallid; dismal.

Ghastly (superl.) Horrible; shocking; dreadful; hideous.

Ghastly (adv.) In a ghastly manner; hideously.

Ghastness (n.) Ghastliness.

Ghat (n.) Alt. of Ghaut

Ghaut (n.) A pass through a mountain.

Ghaut (n.) A range of mountains.

Ghaut (n.) Stairs descending to a river; a landing place; a wharf.

Ghawazi (n. pl.) Egyptian dancing girls, of a lower sort than the almeh.

Gheber Ghebre (n.) A worshiper of fire; a Zoroastrian; a Parsee.

Ghee (n.) Butter clarified by boiling, and thus converted into a kind of oil.

Gherkin (n.) A kind of small, prickly cucumber, much used for pickles.

Gherkin (n.) See Sea gherkin.

Ghess (v. t. & i.) See Guess.

Ghetto (n.) The Jews'quarter in an Italian town or city.

Ghibelline (n.) One of a faction in Italy, in the 12th and 13th centuries, which favored the German emperors, and opposed the Guelfs, or adherents of the poses.

Ghole (n.) See Ghoul.

Ghost (n.) The spirit; the soul of man.

Ghost (n.) The disembodied soul; the soul or spirit of a deceased person; a spirit appearing after death; an apparition; a specter.

Ghost (n.) Any faint shadowy semblance; an unsubstantial image; a phantom; a glimmering; as, not a ghost of a chance; the ghost of an idea.

Ghost (n.) A false image formed in a telescope by reflection from the surfaces of one or more lenses.

Ghost (v. i.) To die; to expire.

Ghost (v. t.) To appear to or haunt in the form of an apparition.

Ghostfish (n.) A pale unspotted variety of the wrymouth.

Ghostless (a.) Without life or spirit.

Ghostlike (a.) Like a ghost; ghastly.

Ghostliness (n.) The quality of being ghostly.

Ghostly (a.) Relating to the soul; not carnal or secular; spiritual; as, a ghostly confessor.

Ghostly (a.) Of or pertaining to apparitions.

Ghostly (adv.) Spiritually; mystically.

Ghostology (n.) Ghost lore.

Ghoul (n.) An imaginary evil being among Eastern nations, which was supposed to feed upon human bodies.

Ghoulish (a.) Characteristic of a ghoul; vampirelike; hyenalike.

Ghyll (n.) A ravine. See Gill a woody glen.

Ihlang-ihlang (n.) A rich, powerful, perfume, obtained from the volatile oil of the flowers of Canada odorata, an East Indian tree.

Ihram (n.) The peculiar dress worn by pilgrims to Mecca.

Jharal (n.) A wild goat (Capra Jemlaica) which inhabits the loftiest mountains of India. It has long, coarse hair, forming a thick mane on its head and neck.

Khaliff (n.) See Caliph.

Khamsin (n.) Same as Kamsin.

Khan (n.) A king; a prince; a chief; a governor; -- so called among the Tartars, Turks, and Persians, and in countries now or formerly governed by them.

Khan (n.) An Eastern inn or caravansary.

Khanate (n.) Dominion or jurisdiction of a khan.

Khaya (n.) A lofty West African tree (Khaya Senegalensis), related to the mahogany, which it resembles in the quality of the wood. The bark is used as a febrifuge.

Khedive (n.) A governor or viceroy; -- a title granted in 1867 by the sultan of Turkey to the ruler of Egypt.

Khenna (n.) See Henna.

Kholah (n.) The Indian jackal.

Kholsun (n.) The dhole.

Khutbah (n.) An address or public prayer read from the steps of the pulpit in Mohammedan mosques, offering glory to God, praising Mohammed and his descendants, and the ruling princes.

Lherzolite (n.) An igneous rock consisting largely of chrysolite, with pyroxene and picotite (a variety of spinel containing chromium).

Mhorr (n.) See Mohr.

Oh (interj.) An exclamation expressing various emotions, according to the tone and manner, especially surprise, pain, sorrow, anxiety, or a wish. See the Note under O.

Ohm (n.) The standard unit in the measure of electrical resistance, being the resistance of a circuit in which a potential difference of one volt produces a current of one ampere. As defined by the International Electrical Congress in 1893, and by United States Statute, it is a resistance substantially equal to 109 units of resistance of the C.G.S. system of electro-magnetic units, and is represented by the resistance offered to an unvarying electric current by a column of mercury at the temperature of melting ice 14.4521 grams in mass, of a constant cross-sectional area, and of the length of 106.3 centimeters. As thus defined it is called the international ohm.

Oho (interj.) An exclamation of surprise, etc.

Phacelli (pl. ) of Phacellus

Phacellus (n.) One of the filaments on the inner surface of the gastric cavity of certain jellyfishes.

Phacochere (n.) The wart hog.

Phacoid (a.) Resembling a lentil; lenticular.

Phacolite (n.) A colorless variety of chabazite; the original was from Leipa, in Bohemia.

Phacops (n.) A genus of trilobites found in the Silurian and Devonian formations. Phacops bufo is one of the most common species.

Phaeacian (a.) Of or pertaining to the Phaeacians, a fabulous seafaring people fond of the feast, the lyre, and the dance, mentioned by Homer.

Phaenogam (n.) Any plant of the class Phaenogamia.

Phaenogamia (n. pl.) The class of flowering plants including all which have true flowers with distinct floral organs; phanerogamia.

Phaenogamian (a.) Alt. of Phaenogamic

Phaenogamic (a.) Same as Phaenogamous.

Phaenogamous (a.) Having true flowers with with distinct floral organs; flowering.

Phaenomenon (n.) See Phenomenon.

Phaeospore (n.) A brownish zoospore, characteristic of an order (Phaeosporeae) of dark green or olive-colored algae.

Phaethon (n.) The son of Helios (Phoebus), that is, the son of light, or of the sun. He is fabled to have obtained permission to drive the chariot of the sun, in doing which his want of skill would have set the world on fire, had he not been struck with a thunderbolt by Jupiter, and hurled headlong into the river Po.

Phaethon (n.) A genus of oceanic birds including the tropic birds.

Phaeton (n.) A four-wheeled carriage (with or without a top), open, or having no side pieces, in front of the seat. It is drawn by one or two horses.

Phaeton (n.) See Phaethon.

Phaeton (n.) A handsome American butterfly (Euphydryas, / Melitaea, Phaeton). The upper side of the wings is black, with orange-red spots and marginal crescents, and several rows of cream-colored spots; -- called also Baltimore.

Phagedena (n.) A canine appetite; bulimia.

Phagedena (n.) Spreading, obstinate ulceration.

Phagedenic (a.) Alt. of PhagedenicAL

PhagedenicAL (a.) Of, like, or pertaining to, phagedena; used in the treatment of phagedena; as, a phagedenic ulcer or medicine.

PhagedenicAL (n.) A phagedenic medicine.

Phagedenous (a.) Phagedenic.

Phagocyte (n.) A leucocyte which plays a part in retrogressive processes by taking up (eating), in the form of fine granules, the parts to be removed.

Phainopepla (n.) A small crested passerine bird (Phainopepla nitens), native of Mexico and the Southern United States. The adult male is of a uniform glossy blue-black; the female is brownish. Called also black flycatcher.

Phakoscope (n.) An instrument for studying the mechanism of accommodation.

Phalaena (n.) A linnaean genus which included the moths in general.

Phalaenid (n.) Any moth of the family Phalaenidae, of which the cankerworms are examples; a geometrid.

Phalangeal (a.) Alt. of Phalangal

Phalangal (a.) Of or pertaining to the phalanges. See Phalanx, 2.

Phalanger (n.) Any marsupial belonging to Phalangista, Cuscus, Petaurus, and other genera of the family Phalangistidae. They are arboreal, and the species of Petaurus are furnished with lateral parachutes. See Flying phalanger, under Flying.

Phalanges (n.) pl. of Phalanx.

Phalangial (a.) Alt. of Phalangian

Phalangian (a.) Phalangeal.

Phalangides (pl. ) of Phalangid

Phalangid (n.) One of the Phalangoidea.

Phalangious (a.) Of or pertaining to Phalangoidea.

Phalangist (n.) Any arboreal marsupial of the genus Phalangista. The vulpine phalangist (P. vulpina) is the largest species, the full grown male being about two and a half feet long. It has a large bushy tail.

Phalangister (n.) Alt. of Phalangistine

Phalangistine (n.) Same as Phalangist.

Phalangite (n.) A soldier belonging to a phalanx.

Phalangoidea (n. pl.) A division of Arachnoidea, including the daddy longlegs or harvestman (Phalangium) and many similar kinds. They have long, slender, many-jointed legs; usually a rounded, segmented abdomen; and chelate jaws. They breathe by tracheae. Called also Phalangides, Phalangidea, Phalangiida, and Opilionea.

Phalanstere (n.) A phalanstery.

Phalansterian (a.) Of or pertaining to phalansterianism.

Phalansterian (n.) One who favors the system of phalansteries proposed by Fourier.

Phalansterism (n.) Alt. of Phalansterianism

Phalansterianism (n.) A system of phalansteries proposed by Fourier; Fourierism.

-ies (pl. ) of Phalanstery

Phalanstery (n.) An association or community organized on the plan of Fourier. See Fourierism.

Phalanstery (n.) The dwelling house of a Fourierite community.

Phalanxes (pl. ) of Phalanx

Phalanges (pl. ) of Phalanx

Phalanx (n.) A body of heavy-armed infantry formed in ranks and files close and deep. There were several different arrangements, the phalanx varying in depth from four to twenty-five or more ranks of men.

Phalanx (n.) Any body of troops or men formed in close array, or any combination of people distinguished for firmness and solidity of a union.

Phalanx (n.) A Fourierite community; a phalanstery.

Phalanx (n.) One of the digital bones of the hand or foot, beyond the metacarpus or metatarsus; an internode.

Phalanx (n.) A group or bundle of stamens, as in polyadelphous flowers.

Phalarope (n.) Any species of Phalaropus and allied genera of small wading birds (Grallae), having lobate toes. They are often seen far from land, swimming in large flocks. Called also sea goose.

Phallic (a.) Of or pertaining to the phallus, or to phallism.

Phallicism (n.) See Phallism.

Phallism (n.) The worship of the generative principle in nature, symbolized by the phallus.

Phalli (pl. ) of Phallus

Phallus (n.) The emblem of the generative power in nature, carried in procession in the Bacchic orgies, or worshiped in various ways.

Phallus (n.) The penis or clitoris, or the embryonic or primitive organ from which either may be derived.

Phallus (n.) A genus of fungi which have a fetid and disgusting odor; the stinkhorn.

Phane (n.) See Fane.

Phanerite (a.) Evident; visible.

Phanerocarpae (n. pl.) Same as Acraspeda.

Phanerocodonic (a.) Having an umbrella-shaped or bell-shaped body, with a wide, open cavity beneath; -- said of certain jellyfishes.

Phanerocrystalline (a.) Distinctly crystalline; -- used of rocks. Opposed to cryptocrystalline.

Phanerodactyla (n. pl.) Same as Saururae.

Phanerogamia (n. pl.) That one of the two primary divisions of the vegetable kingdom which contains the phanerogamic, or flowering, plants.

Phanerogamian (a.) Phanerogamous.

Phanerogamic (a.) Alt. of Phanerogamous

Phanerogamous (a.) Having visible flowers containing distinct stamens and pistils; -- said of plants.

Phaneroglossal (a.) Having a conspicious tongue; -- said of certain reptiles and insects.

Phantascope (n.) An optical instrument or toy, resembling the phenakistoscope, and illustrating the same principle; -- called also phantasmascope.

Phantasm (n.) An image formed by the mind, and supposed to be real or material; a shadowy or airy appearance; sometimes, an optical illusion; a phantom; a dream.

Phantasm (n.) A mental image or representation of a real object; a fancy; a notion.

Phantasma (n.) A phantasm.

Phantasmagoria (n.) An optical effect produced by a magic lantern. The figures are painted in transparent colors, and all the rest of the glass is opaque black. The screen is between the spectators and the instrument, and the figures are often made to appear as in motion, or to merge into one another.

Phantasmagoria (n.) The apparatus by which such an effect is produced.

Phantasmagoria (n.) Fig.: A medley of figures; illusive images.

Phantasmagorial (a.) Of, relating to, or resembling phantasmagoria; phantasmagoric.

Phantasmagoric (a.) Of or pertaining to phantasmagoria; phantasmagorial.

Phantasmagory (n.) See Phantasmagoria.

Phantasmal (a.) Pertaining to, of the nature of, or resembling, a phantasm; spectral; illusive.

Phantasmascope (n.) See Phantascope.

Phantasmatical (a.) Phantasmal.

Phantasmatography (n.) A description of celestial phenomena, as rainbows, etc.

Phantastic (a.) Alt. of Phantastical

Phantastical (a.) See Fantastic.

Phantasy (n.) See Fantasy, and Fancy.

Phantom (n.) That which has only an apparent existence; an apparition; a specter; a phantasm; a sprite; an airy spirit; an ideal image.

Phantomatic (a.) Phantasmal.

Pharaoh (n.) A title by which the sovereigns of ancient Egypt were designated.

Pharaoh (n.) See Faro.

Pharaon (n.) See Pharaoh, 2.

Pharaonic (a.) Of or pertaining to the Pharaohs, or kings of ancient Egypt.

Phare (n.) A beacon tower; a lighthouse.

Phare (n.) Hence, a harbor.

Pharisaic (a.) Alt. of Pharisaical

Pharisaical (a.) Of or pertaining to the Pharisees; resembling the Pharisees.

Pharisaical (a.) Addicted to external forms and ceremonies; making a show of religion without the spirit of it; ceremonial; formal; hypocritical; self-righteous.

Pharisaism (n.) The notions, doctrines, and conduct of the Pharisees, as a sect.

Pharisaism (n.) Rigid observance of external forms of religion, without genuine piety; hypocrisy in religion; a censorious, self-righteous spirit in matters of morals or manners.

Pharisean (a.) Following the practice of Pharisees; Pharisaic.

Pharisee (n.) One of a sect or party among the Jews, noted for a strict and formal observance of rites and ceremonies and of the traditions of the elders, and whose pretensions to superior sanctity led them to separate themselves from the other Jews.

Phariseeism (n.) See Pharisaism.

Pharmaceutic (a.) Alt. of Pharmaceutical

Pharmaceutical (a.) Of or pertaining to the knowledge or art of pharmacy, or to the art of preparing medicines according to the rules or formulas of pharmacy; as, pharmaceutical preparations.

Pharmaceutics (n.) The science of preparing medicines.

Pharmaceutist (n.) One skilled in pharmacy; a druggist. See the Note under Apothecary.

Pharmacist (n.) One skilled in pharmacy; a pharmaceutist; a druggist.

Pharmacodynamics (n.) That branch of pharmacology which considers the mode of action, and the effects, of medicines.

Pharmacognosis (n.) That branch of pharmacology which treats of unprepared medicines or simples; -- called also pharmacography, and pharmacomathy.

Pharmacognosy (n.) Pharmacognosis.

Pharmacography (n.) See Pharmacognosis.

Pharmacolite (n.) A hydrous arsenate of lime, usually occurring in silky fibers of a white or grayish color.

Pharmacologist (n.) One skilled in pharmacology.

Pharmacology (n.) Knowledge of drugs or medicines; the art of preparing medicines.

Pharmacology (n.) A treatise on the art of preparing medicines.

Pharmacomathy (n.) See Pharmacognosis.

Pharmacon (n.) A medicine or drug; also, a poison.

Pharmacopoeia (n.) A book or treatise describing the drugs, preparations, etc., used in medicine; especially, one that is issued by official authority and considered as an authoritative standard.

Pharmacopoeia (n.) A chemical laboratory.

Pharmacopolist (n.) One who sells medicines; an apothecary.

Pharmacosiderite (n.) A hydrous arsenate of iron occurring in green or yellowish green cubic crystals; cube ore.

Pharmacy (n.) The art or practice of preparing and preserving drugs, and of compounding and dispensing medicines according to prescriptions of physicians; the occupation of an apothecary or a pharmaceutical chemist.

Pharmacy (n.) A place where medicines are compounded; a drug store; an apothecary's shop.

Pharo (n.) A pharos; a lighthouse.

Pharo (n.) See Faro.

Pharology (n.) The art or science which treats of lighthouses and signal lights.

Pharos (n.) A lighthouse or beacon for the guidance of seamen.

Pharyngal (a.) Pharyngeal.

Pharyngeal (a.) Of or pertaining to the pharynx; in the region of the pharynx.

Pharyngeal (n.) A pharyngeal bone or cartilage; especially, one of the lower pharyngeals, which belong to the rudimentary fifth branchial arch in many fishes, or one of the upper pharyngeals, or pharyngobranchials, which are the dorsal elements in the complete branchial arches.

Pharyngitis (n.) Inflammation of the pharynx.

Pharyngobranchial (a.) Of or pertaining to the pharynx and the branchiae; -- applied especially to the dorsal elements in the branchial arches of fishes. See Pharyngeal.

Pharyngobranchial (n.) A pharyngobranchial, or upper pharyngeal, bone or cartilage.

Pharyngobranchii (n. pl.) Same as Leptocardia.

Pharyngognathi (n. pl.) A division of fishes in which the lower pharyngeal bones are united. It includes the scaroid, labroid, and embioticoid fishes.

Pharyngolaryngeal (a.) Of or pertaining both to pharynx and the larynx.

Pharyngopneusta (n. pl.) A group of invertebrates including the Tunicata and Enteropneusta.

Pharyngotome (n.) An instrument for incising or scarifying the tonsils, etc.

Pharyngotomy (n.) The operation of making an incision into the pharynx, to remove a tumor or anything that obstructs the passage.

Pharyngotomy (n.) Scarification or incision of the tonsils.

pharynges (pl. ) of Pharynx

Pharynx (n.) The part of the alimentary canal between the cavity of the mouth and the esophagus. It has one or two external openings through the nose in the higher vertebrates, and lateral branchial openings in fishes and some amphibias.

Phascolome (n.) A marsupial of the genus Phascolomys; a wombat.

Phases (pl. ) of Phase

Phase (n.) That which is exhibited to the eye; the appearance which anything manifests, especially any one among different and varying appearances of the same object.

Phase (n.) Any appearance or aspect of an object of mental apprehension or view; as, the problem has many phases.

Phase (n.) A particular appearance or state in a regularly recurring cycle of changes with respect to quantity of illumination or form of enlightened disk; as, the phases of the moon or planets. See Illust. under Moon.

Phase (n.) Any one point or portion in a recurring series of changes, as in the changes of motion of one of the particles constituting a wave or vibration; one portion of a series of such changes, in distinction from a contrasted portion, as the portion on one side of a position of equilibrium, in contrast with that on the opposite side.

Phasel (n.) The French bean, or kidney bean.

Phaseless (a.) Without a phase, or visible form.

Phaseolus (n.) A genus of leguminous plants, including the Lima bean, the kidney bean, the scarlet runner, etc. See Bean.

Phaseomannite (n.) Same as Inosite.

Phases (pl. ) of Phasis

Phasis (n.) See Phase.

Phasm (n.) Alt. of Phasma

Phasma (n.) An apparition; a phantom; an appearance.

Phasmid (n.) Any orthopterous insect of the family Phasmidae, as a leaf insect or a stick insect.

Phassachate (n.) The lead-colored agate; -- so called in reference to its color.

Phatagin (n.) The long-tailed pangolin (Manis tetradactyla); -- called also ipi.

Pheasant (n.) Any one of numerous species of large gallinaceous birds of the genus Phasianus, and many other genera of the family Phasianidae, found chiefly in Asia.

Pheasant (n.) The ruffed grouse.

Pheasantry (n.) A place for keeping and rearing pheasants.

Phebe (n.) See Phoebe.

Pheer (n.) See 1st Fere.

Pheese (v. t.) To comb; also, to beat; to worry.

Pheese (n.) Fretful excitement.

Phelloderm (n.) A layer of green parenchimatous cells formed on the inner side of the phellogen.

Phellogen (n.) The tissue of young cells which produces cork cells.

Phelloplastics (n.) Art of modeling in cork.

Phenacite (n.) A glassy colorless mineral occurring in rhombohedral crystals, sometimes used as a gem. It is a silicate of glucina, and receives its name from its deceptive similarity to quartz.

Phenakistoscope (n.) A revolving disk on which figures drawn in different relative attitudes are seen successively, so as to produce the appearance of an object in actual motion, as an animal leaping, etc., in consequence of the persistence of the successive visual impressions of the retina. It is often arranged so that the figures may be projected upon a screen.

Phenanthrene (n.) A complex hydrocarbon, C14H10, found in coal tar, and obtained as a white crystalline substance with a bluish fluorescence.

Phenanthridine (n.) A nitrogenous hydrocarbon base, C13H9N, analogous to phenanthrene and quinoline.

Phenanthroline (n.) Either of two metameric nitrogenous hydrocarbon bases, C12H8N2, analogous to phenanthridine, but more highly nitrogenized.

Phene (n.) Benzene.

Phenetol (n.) The ethyl ether of phenol, obtained as an aromatic liquid, C6H5.O.C2H5.

Phenic (a.) Of, pertaining to, derived from, or resembling, phenyl or phenol.

Phenician (a. & n.) See Phoenician.

Phenicine (n.) A purple powder precipitated when a sulphuric solution of indigo is diluted with water.

Phenicine (n.) A coloring matter produced by the action of a mixture of strong nitric and sulphuric acids on phenylic alcohol.

Phenicious (a.) Of a red color with a slight mixture of gray.

Phenicopter (n.) A flamingo.

Phenixes (pl. ) of Phenix

Phenix (n.) A bird fabled to exist single, to be consumed by fire by its own act, and to rise again from its ashes. Hence, an emblem of immortality.

Phenix (n.) A southern constellation.

Phenix (n.) A marvelous person or thing.

Phenogamia (n. pl.) Same as Phaenogamia.

Phenogamian (a.) Alt. of Phenogamous

Phenogamic (a.) Alt. of Phenogamous

Phenogamous (a.) Same as Phaenogamian, Phaenogamic, etc.

Phenol (n.) A white or pinkish crystalline substance, C6H5OH, produced by the destructive distillation of many organic bodies, as wood, coal, etc., and obtained from the heavy oil from coal tar.

Phenol (n.) Any one of the series of hydroxyl derivatives of which phenol proper is the type.

Phenolate (n.) A compound of phenol analogous to a salt.

Phenomenal (a.) Relating to, or of the nature of, a phenomenon; hence, extraordinary; wonderful; as, a phenomenal memory.

Phenomenalism (n.) That theory which limits positive or scientific knowledge to phenomena only, whether material or spiritual.

Phenomenist (n.) One who believes in the theory of phenomenalism.

Phenomenology (n.) A description, history, or explanation of phenomena.

Phenomena (pl. ) of Phenomenon

Phenomenon (n.) An appearance; anything visible; whatever, in matter or spirit, is apparent to, or is apprehended by, observation; as, the phenomena of heat, light, or electricity; phenomena of imagination or memory.

Phenomenon (n.) That which strikes one as strange, unusual, or unaccountable; an extraordinary or very remarkable person, thing, or occurrence; as, a musical phenomenon.

Phenose (n.) A sweet amorphous deliquescent substance obtained indirectly from benzene, and isometric with, and resembling, dextrose.

Phenyl (n.) A hydrocarbon radical (C6H5) regarded as the essential residue of benzene, and the basis of an immense number of aromatic derivatives.

Phenylamine (n.) Any one of certain class of organic bases regarded as formed from ammonia by the substitution of phenyl for hydrogen.

Phenylene (n.) A hypothetic radical (C6H4) occurring in certain derivatives of benzene; as, phenylene diamine.

Phenylic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, phenyl.

Pheon (n.) A bearing representing the head of a dart or javelin, with long barbs which are engrailed on the inner edge.

Phial (n.) A glass vessel or bottle, especially a small bottle for medicines; a vial.

Phialed (imp. & p. p.) of Phial

Phialing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Phial

Phial (v. t.) To put or keep in, or as in, a phial.

Philabeg (n.) See Filibeg.

Philadelphian (a.) Of or pertaining to Ptolemy Philadelphus, or to one of the cities named Philadelphia, esp. the modern city in Pennsylvania.

Philadelphian (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Philadelphia.

Philadelphian (n.) One of a society of mystics of the seventeenth century, -- called also the Family of Love.

Philalethist (n.) A lover of the truth.

Philander (v. i.) To make love to women; to play the male flirt.

Philander (n.) A lover.

Philander (n.) A South American opossum (Didelphys philander).

Philander (n.) An Australian bandicoot (Perameles lagotis).

Philanderer (n.) One who hangs about women; a male flirt.

Philanthrope (n.) A philanthropist.

Philanthropic (a.) Alt. of Philanthropical

Philanthropical (a.) Of or pertaining to philanthropy; characterized by philanthropy; loving or helping mankind; as, a philanthropic enterprise.

Philanthropinism (n.) A system of education on so-called natural principles, attempted in Germany in the last century by Basedow, of Dessau.

Philanthropinist (n.) An advocate of, or believer in, philanthropinism.

Philanthropist (n.) One who practices philanthropy; one who loves mankind, and seeks to promote the good of others.

Philanthropistic (a.) Pertaining to, or characteristic of, a philanthropist.

Philanthropy (n.) Love to mankind; benevolence toward the whole human family; universal good will; desire and readiness to do good to all men; -- opposed to misanthropy.

Philatelic (a.) Of or pertaining to philately.

Philatelist (n.) One versed in philately; one who collects postage stamps.

Philately (n.) The collection of postage stamps of various issues.

Philatory (n.) A kind of transparent reliquary with an ornamental top.

Philauty (n.) Self-love; selfishness.

Philharmonic (a.) Loving harmony or music.

Philhellene (n.) A friend of Greece, or of the Greeks; a philhellenist.

Philhellenic (a.) Of or pertaining to philhellenism.

Philhellenism (n.) Love of Greece.

Philhellenist (n.) A friend of Greece; one who supports the cause of the Greeks; particularly, one who supported them in their struggle for independence against the Turks; a philhellene.

Philibeg (n.) See Filibeg.

Philip (n.) The European hedge sparrow.

Philip (n.) The house sparrow. Called also phip.

Philippian (a.) Of or pertaining to Philippi, a city of ancient Macedonia.

Philippian (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Philippi.

Philippic (n.) Any one of the series of famous orations of Demosthenes, the Grecian orator, denouncing Philip, king of Macedon.

Philippic (n.) Hence: Any discourse or declamation abounding in acrimonious invective.

Philippium (n.) A rare and doubtful metallic element said to have been discovered in the mineral samarskite.

Philippized (imp. & p. p.) of Philippize

Philippizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Philippize

Philippize (v. i.) To support or advocate the cause of Philip of Macedon.

Philippize (v. i.) To write or speak in the style of a philippic.

Philister (n.) A Philistine; -- a cant name given to townsmen by students in German universities.

Philistine (n.) A native or an inhabitant of ancient Philistia, a coast region of southern Palestine.

Philistine (n.) A bailiff.

Philistine (n.) A person deficient in liberal culture and refinement; one without appreciation of the nobler aspirations and sentiments of humanity; one whose scope is limited to selfish and material interests.

Philistine (a.) Of or pertaining to the Philistines.

Philistine (a.) Uncultured; commonplace.

Philistinism (n.) The condition, character, aims, and habits of the class called Philistines. See Philistine, 3.

Phillipsite (n.) A hydrous silicate of aluminia, lime, and soda, a zeolitic mineral commonly occurring in complex twin crystals, often cruciform in shape; -- called also christianite.

Phillygenin (n.) A pearly crystalline substance obtained by the decomposition of phillyrin.

Phillyrea (n.) A genus of evergreen plants growing along the shores of the Mediterranean, and breading a fruit resembling that of the olive.

Phillyrin (n.) A glucoside extracted from Phillyrea as a bitter white crystalline substance. It is sometimes used as a febrifuge.

Philo- () A combining form from Gr. fi`los loving, fond of, attached to; as, philosophy, philotechnic.

Philogynist (n.) A lover or friend of women; one who esteems woman as the higher type of humanity; -- opposed to misogynist.

Philogyny (n.) Fondness for women; uxoriousness; -- opposed to misogyny.

Philohellenian (n.) A philhellenist.

Philologer (n.) A philologist.

Philologian (n.) A philologist.

Philological (a.) Alt. of Philologic

Philologic (a.) Of or pertaining to philology.

Philologist (n.) One versed in philology.

Philologize (v. i.) To study, or make critical comments on, language.

Philologue (n.) A philologist.

Philology (n.) Criticism; grammatical learning.

Philology (n.) The study of language, especially in a philosophical manner and as a science; the investigation of the laws of human speech, the relation of different tongues to one another, and historical development of languages; linguistic science.

Philology (n.) A treatise on the science of language.

Philomath (n.) A lover of learning; a scholar.

Philomathematic (n.) A philomath.

Philomathic (a.) Of or pertaining to philomathy.

Philomathic (a.) Having love of learning or letters.

Philomathy (n.) The love of learning or letters.

Philomel (n.) Same as Philomela, the nightingale.

Philomela (n.) The nightingale; philomel.

Philomela (n.) A genus of birds including the nightingales.

Philomene (n.) The nightingale.

Philomot (a.) Of the color of a dead leaf.

Philomusical (a.) Loving music. [R.]Busby.

Philopena (n.) A present or gift which is made as a forfeit in a social game that is played in various ways; also, the game itself.

Philopolemic (a.) Alt. of Philopolemical

Philopolemical (a.) Fond of polemics or controversy.

Philoprogenitive (a.) Having the love of offspring; fond of children.

Philoprogenitiveness (n.) The love of offspring; fondness for children.

Philosophaster (n.) A pretender to philosophy.

Philosophate (v. i.) To play the philosopher; to moralize.

Philosophation (n.) Philosophical speculation and discussion.

Philosophe (n.) A philosophaster; a philosopher.

Philosopheme (n.) A philosophical proposition, doctrine, or principle of reasoning.

Philosopher (n.) One who philosophizes; one versed in, or devoted to, philosophy.

Philosopher (n.) One who reduces the principles of philosophy to practice in the conduct of life; one who lives according to the rules of practical wisdom; one who meets or regards all vicissitudes with calmness.

Philosopher (n.) An alchemist.

Philosophic (a.) Alt. of Philosophical

Philosophical (a.) Of or pertaining to philosophy; versed in, or imbued with, the principles of philosophy; hence, characterizing a philosopher; rational; wise; temperate; calm; cool.

Philosophism (n.) Spurious philosophy; the love or practice of sophistry.

Philosophist (n.) A pretender in philosophy.

Philosophistic (a.) Alt. of Philosophistical

Philosophistical (a.) Of or pertaining to the love or practice of sophistry.

Philosophized (imp. & p. p.) of Philosophize

Philosophizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Philosophize

Philosophize (v. i.) To reason like a philosopher; to search into the reason and nature of things; to investigate phenomena, and assign rational causes for their existence.

Philosophizer (n.) One who philosophizes.

Philosophies (pl. ) of Philosophy

Philosophy (n.) Literally, the love of, including the search after, wisdom; in actual usage, the knowledge of phenomena as explained by, and resolved into, causes and reasons, powers and laws.

Philosophy (n.) A particular philosophical system or theory; the hypothesis by which particular phenomena are explained.

Philosophy (n.) Practical wisdom; calmness of temper and judgment; equanimity; fortitude; stoicism; as, to meet misfortune with philosophy.

Philosophy (n.) Reasoning; argumentation.

Philosophy (n.) The course of sciences read in the schools.

Philosophy (n.) A treatise on philosophy.

Philostorgy (n.) Natural affection, as of parents for their children.

Philotechnic (a.) Alt. of Philotechnical

Philotechnical (a.) Fond of the arts.

Philter (n.) A potion or charm intended to excite the passion of love.

Philtered (imp. & p. p.) of Philter

Philtering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Philter

Philter (v. t.) To impregnate or mix with a love potion; as, to philter a draught.

Philter (v. t.) To charm to love; to excite to love or sexual desire by a potion.

Phimosis (n.) A condition of the penis in which the prepuce can not be drawn back so as to uncover the glans penis.

Phitoness (n.) Pythoness; witch.

Phizes (pl. ) of Phiz

Phiz (n.) The face or visage.

Phlebitis (n.) Inflammation of a vein.

Phlebogram (n.) A tracing (with the sphygmograph) of the movements of a vein, or of the venous pulse.

Phlebolite (n.) Alt. of Phlebolith

Phlebolith (n.) A small calcareous concretion formed in a vein; a vein stone.

Phlebology (n.) A branch of anatomy which treats of the veins.

Phlebotomist (n.) One who practiced phlebotomy.

Phlebotomized (imp. & p. p.) of Phlebotomize

Phlebotomizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Phlebotomize

Phlebotomize (v. t.) To let blood from by opening a vein; to bleed.

Phlebotomy (n.) The act or practice of opening a vein for letting blood, in the treatment of disease; venesection; bloodletting.

Phlegm (a.) One of the four humors of which the ancients supposed the blood to be composed. See Humor.

Phlegm (a.) Viscid mucus secreted in abnormal quantity in the respiratory and digestive passages.

Phlegm (a.) A watery distilled liquor, in distinction from a spirituous liquor.

Phlegm (a.) Sluggishness of temperament; dullness; want of interest; indifference; coldness.

Phlegmagogue (n.) A medicine supposed to expel phlegm.

Phlegmasia (n.) An inflammation; more particularly, an inflammation of the internal organs.

Phlegmatic (a.) Watery.

Phlegmatic (a.) Abounding in phlegm; as, phlegmatic humors; a phlegmatic constitution.

Phlegmatic (a.) Generating or causing phlegm.

Phlegmatic (a.) Not easily excited to action or passion; cold; dull; sluggish; heavy; as, a phlegmatic person.

Phlegmatical (a.) Phlegmatic.

Phlegmatically (adv.) In a phlegmatic manner.

Phlegmaticly (a.) Phlegmatically.

Phlegmon (n.) Purulent inflammation of the cellular or areolar tissue.

Phlegmonous (a.) Having the nature or properties of phlegmon; as, phlegmonous pneumonia.

Phleme (n.) See Fleam.

Phleum (n.) A genus of grasses, including the timothy (Phleum pratense), which is highly valued for hay; cat's-tail grass.

Phloem (n.) That portion of fibrovascular bundles which corresponds to the inner bark; the liber tissue; -- distinguished from xylem.

Phlogistian (n.) A believer in the existence of phlogiston.

Phlogistic (a.) Of or pertaining to phlogiston, or to belief in its existence.

Phlogistic (a.) Inflammatory; belonging to inflammations and fevers.

Phlogistical (a.) Phlogistic.

Phlogisticated (imp. & p. p.) of Phlogisticate

Phlogisticating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Phlogisticate

Phlogisticate (v. t.) To combine phlogiston with; -- usually in the form and sense of the p. p. or the adj.; as, highly phlogisticated substances.

Phlogistication (n.) The act or process of combining with phlogiston.

Phlogiston (n.) The hypothetical principle of fire, or inflammability, regarded by Stahl as a chemical element.

Phlogogenous (a.) Causing inflammation.

Phlogopite (n.) A kind of mica having generally a peculiar bronze-red or copperlike color and a pearly luster. It is a silicate of aluminia, with magnesia, potash, and some fluorine. It is characteristic of crystalline limestone or dolomite and serpentine. See Mica.

Phlogosis (n.) Inflammation of external parts of the body; erysipelatous inflammation.

Phlogotic (n.) Of or pertaining to phlogisis.

Phloramine (n.) A basic amido derivative of phloroglucin, having an astringent taste.

Phloretic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, or designating, an organic acid obtained by the decomposition of phloretin.

Phloretin (n.) A bitter white crystalline substance obtained by the decomposition of phlorizin, and formerly used to some extent as a substitute for quinine.

Phlorizin (n.) A bitter white crystalline glucoside extracted from the root bark of the apple, pear, cherry, plum, etc.

Phloroglucin (n.) A sweet white crystalline substance, metameric with pyrogallol, and obtained by the decomposition of phloretin, and from certain gums, as catechu, kino, etc. It belongs to the class of phenols. [Called also phloroglucinol.]

Phlorol (n.) A liquid metameric with xylenol, belonging to the class of phenols, and obtained by distilling certain salts of phloretic acid.

Phlorone (n.) A yellow crystalline substance having a peculiar unpleasant odor, resembling the quinones, and obtained from beechwood tar and coal tar, as also by the oxidation of xylidine; -- called also xyloquinone.

Phlox (n.) A genus of American herbs, having showy red, white, or purple flowers.

Phlyctenular (a.) Characterized by the presence of small pustules, or whitish elevations resembling pustules; as, phlyctenular ophthalmia.

Phoca (n.) A genus of seals. It includes the common harbor seal and allied species. See Seal.

Phocacean (n.) Any species of Phoca; a seal.

Phocal (a.) Pertaining to seals.

Phocenic (a.) Of or pertaining to dolphin oil or porpoise oil; -- said of an acid (called also delphinic acid) subsequently found to be identical with valeric acid.

Phocenin (n.) See Delphin.

Phocine (a.) Of or pertaining to the seal tribe; phocal.

Phocodont (n.) One of the Phocodontia.

Phocodontia (n. pl.) A group of extinct carnivorous whales. Their teeth had compressed and serrated crowns. It includes Squalodon and allied genera.

Phoebe (n.) The pewee, or pewit.

Phoebus (n.) Apollo; the sun god.

Phoebus (n.) The sun.

Phoenician (a.) Of or pertaining to Phoenica.

Phoenician (n.) A native or inhabitant of Phoenica.

Phoenicious (a.) See Phenicious.

Phoenicopterus (n.) A genus of birds which includes the flamingoes.

Phoenix (n.) Same as Phenix.

Phoenix (n.) A genus of palms including the date tree.

Pholad (n.) Any species of Pholas.

Pholadean (n.) Pholad.

Pholades (pl. ) of Pholas

Pholas (n.) Any one of numerous species of marine bivalve mollusks of the genus Pholas, or family Pholadidae. They bore holes for themselves in clay, peat, and soft rocks.

Phonal (a.) Of or relating to the voice; as, phonal structure.

Phonascetics (n.) Treatment for restoring or improving the voice.

Phonation (n.) The act or process by which articulate sounds are uttered; the utterance of articulate sounds; articulate speech.

Phonautograph (n.) An instrument by means of which a sound can be made to produce a visible trace or record of itself. It consists essentially of a resonant vessel, usually of paraboloidal form, closed at one end by a flexible membrane. A stylus attached to some point of the membrane records the movements of the latter, as it vibrates, upon a moving cylinder or plate.

Phoneidoscope (n.) An instrument for studying the motions of sounding bodies by optical means. It consists of a tube across the end of which is stretched a film of soap solution thin enough to give colored bands, the form and position of which are affected by sonorous vibrations.

Phonetic (a.) Of or pertaining to the voice, or its use.

Phonetic (a.) Representing sounds; as, phonetic characters; -- opposed to ideographic; as, a phonetic notation.

Phonetically (adv.) In a phonetic manner.

Phonetician (n.) One versed in phonetics; a phonetist.

Phonetics (n.) The doctrine or science of sounds; especially those of the human voice; phonology.

Phonetics (n.) The art of representing vocal sounds by signs and written characters.

Phonetism (n.) The science which treats of vocal sounds.

Phonetist (n.) One versed in phonetics; a phonologist.

Phonetist (n.) One who advocates a phonetic spelling.

Phonetization (n.) The act, art, or process of representing sounds by phonetic signs.

Phonetize (v. t.) To represent by phonetic signs.

Phonic (a.) Of or pertaining to sound; of the nature of sound; acoustic.

Phonics (n.) See Phonetics.

Phono- () A combining form from Gr. / sound, tone; as, phonograph, phonology.

Phono (n.) A South American butterfly (Ithonia phono) having nearly transparent wings.

Phonocamptic (a.) Reflecting sound.

Phonogram (n.) A letter, character, or mark used to represent a particular sound.

Phonogram (n.) A record of sounds made by a phonograph.

Phonograph (n.) A character or symbol used to represent a sound, esp. one used in phonography.

Phonograph (n.) An instrument for the mechanical registration and reproduction of audible sounds, as articulate speech, etc. It consists of a rotating cylinder or disk covered with some material easily indented, as tinfoil, wax, paraffin, etc., above which is a thin plate carrying a stylus. As the plate vibrates under the influence of a sound, the stylus makes minute indentations or undulations in the soft material, and these, when the cylinder or disk is again turned, set the plate in vibration, and reproduce the sound.

Phonographer (n.) One versed or skilled in phonography.

Phonographer (n.) One who uses, or is skilled in the use of, the phonograph. See Phonograph, 2.

Phonographic (a.) Alt. of Phonographical

Phonographical (a.) Of or pertaining to phonography; based upon phonography.

Phonographical (a.) Of or pertaining to phonograph; done by the phonograph.

Phonographically (adv.) In a phonographic manner; by means of phonograph.

Phonographist (n.) Phonographer.

Phonography (n.) A description of the laws of the human voice, or sounds uttered by the organs of speech.

Phonography (n.) A representation of sounds by distinctive characters; commonly, a system of shorthand writing invented by Isaac Pitman, or a modification of his system, much used by reporters.

Phonography (n.) The art of constructing, or using, the phonograph.

Phonolite (n.) A compact, feldspathic, igneous rock containing nephelite, hauynite, etc. Thin slabs give a ringing sound when struck; -- called also clinkstone.

Phonologer (n.) A phonologist.

Phonologic (a.) Alt. of Phonological

Phonological (a.) Of or pertaining to phonology.

Phonologist (n.) One versed in phonology.

Phonology (n.) The science or doctrine of the elementary sounds uttered by the human voice in speech, including the various distinctions, modifications, and combinations of tones; phonetics. Also, a treatise on sounds.

Phonometer (n.) An instrument for measuring sounds, as to their intensity, or the frequency of the vibrations.

Phonomotor (n.) An instrument in which motion is produced by the vibrations of a sounding body.

Phonorganon (n.) A speaking machine.

Phonoscope (n.) An instrument for observing or exhibiting the motions or properties of sounding bodies; especially, an apparatus invented by Konig for testing the quality of musical strings.

Phonoscope (n.) An instrument for producing luminous figures by the vibrations of sounding bodies.

Phonotypr (n.) A type or character used in phonotypy.

Phonotypic (a.) Alt. of Phonotypical

Phonotypical (a.) Of or pertaining to phonotypy; as, a phonotypic alphabet.

Phonotypist (n.) One versed in phonotypy.

Phonotypy (n.) A method of phonetic printing of the English language, as devised by Mr. Pitman, in which nearly all the ordinary letters and many new forms are employed in order to indicate each elementary sound by a separate character.

Phorminx (n.) A kind of lyre used by the Greeks.

Phormium (n.) A genus of liliaceous plants, consisting of one species (Phormium tenax). See Flax-plant.

Phorone (n.) A yellow crystalline substance, having a geraniumlike odor, regarded as a complex derivative of acetone, and obtained from certain camphor compounds.

Phoronis (n.) A remarkable genus of marine worms having tentacles around the mouth. It is usually classed with the gephyreans. Its larva (Actinotrocha) undergoes a peculiar metamorphosis.

Phoronomia (n.) See Phoronomics.

Phoronomics (n.) The science of motion; kinematics.

Phosgene (a.) Producing, or produced by, the action of light; -- formerly used specifically to designate a gas now called carbonyl chloride. See Carbonyl.

Phosgenite (n.) A rare mineral occurring in tetragonal crystals of a white, yellow, or grayish color and adamantine luster. It is a chlorocarbonate of lead.

Phospham (n.) An inert amorphous white powder, PN2H, obtained by passing ammonia over heated phosphorus.

Phosphate (n.) A salt of phosphoric acid.

Phosphatic (a.) Pertaining to, or containing, phosphorus, phosphoric acid, or phosphates; as, phosphatic nodules.

Phosphaturia (n.) The excessive discharge of phosphates in the urine.

Phosphene (n.) A luminous impression produced through excitation of the retina by some cause other than the impingement upon it of rays of light, as by pressure upon the eyeball when the lids are closed. Cf. After-image.

Phosphide (n.) A binary compound of phosphorus.

Phosphine (n.) A colorless gas, PH3, analogous to ammonia, and having a disagreeable odor resembling that of garlic. Called also hydrogen phosphide, and formerly, phosphureted hydrogen.

Phosphinic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, certain acids analogous to the phosphonic acids, but containing two hydrocarbon radicals, and derived from the secondary phosphines by oxidation.

Phosphite (n.) A salt of phosphorous acid.

Phosphonic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, certain derivatives of phosphorous acid containing a hydrocarbon radical, and analogous to the sulphonic acid.

Phosphonium (n.) The hypothetical radical PH4, analogous to ammonium, and regarded as the nucleus of certain derivatives of phosphine.

Phosphor (n.) Phosphorus.

Phosphor (n.) The planet Venus, when appearing as the morning star; Lucifer.

Phosphorated (imp. & p. p.) of Phosphorate

Phosphorating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Phosphorate

Phosphorate (v. t.) To impregnate, or combine, with phosphorus or its compounds; as, phosphorated oil.

Phosphor-bronze (n.) A variety of bronze possessing great hardness, elasticity, and toughness, obtained by melting copper with tin phosphide. It contains one or two per cent of phosphorus and from five to fifteen per cent of tin.

Phosphoreous (a.) Phosphorescent.

Phosphoresced (imp. & p. p.) of Phosphoresce

Phosphorescing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Phosphoresce

Phosphoresce (v. i.) To shine as phosphorus; to be phosphorescent; to emit a phosphoric light.

Phosphorescence (n.) The quality or state of being phosphorescent; or the act of phosphorescing.

Phosphorescence (n.) A phosphoric light.

Phosphorescent (a.) Shining with a phosphoric light; luminous without sensible heat.

Phosphorescent (n.) A phosphorescent substance.

Phosphoric (a.) Of or pertaining to phosphorus; resembling, or containing, from us; specifically, designating those compounds in which phosphorus has a higher valence as contrasted with the phosphorous compounds.

Phosphoric (a.) Phosphorescent.

Phosphorical (a.) Phosphoric.

Phosphorite (n.) A massive variety of apatite.

Phosphoritic (a.) Pertaining to phosphorite; resembling, or of the nature of, phosphorite.

Phosphorize (v. t.) To phosphorate.

Phosphorized (a.) Containing, or impregnated with, phosphorus.

Phosphorogenic (a.) Generating phosphorescence; as, phosphorogenic rays.

Phosphoroscope (n.) An apparatus for observing the phosphorescence produced in different bodies by the action of light, and for measuring its duration.

Phosphorous (a.) Of or pertaining to phosphorus; resembling or containing phosphorus; specifically, designating those compounds in which phosphorus has a lower valence as contrasted with phosphoric compounds; as, phosphorous acid, H3PO3.

Phosphori (pl. ) of Phosphorus

Phosphorus (n.) The morning star; Phosphor.

Phosphorus (n.) A poisonous nonmetallic element of the nitrogen group, obtained as a white, or yellowish, translucent waxy substance, having a characteristic disagreeable smell. It is very active chemically, must be preserved under water, and unites with oxygen even at ordinary temperatures, giving a faint glow, -- whence its name. It always occurs compined, usually in phosphates, as in the mineral apatite, in bones, etc. It is used in the composition on the tips of friction matches, and for many other purposes. The molecule contains four atoms. Symbol P. Atomic weight 31.0.

Phosphorus (n.) Hence, any substance which shines in the dark like phosphorus, as certain phosphorescent bodies.

Phosphoryl (n.) The radical PO, regarded as the typical nucleus of certain compounds.

Phosphuret (n.) A phosphide.

Phosphureted (a.) Impregnated, or combined, with phosphorus.

Photic (a.) Relating to the production of light by the lower animals.

Photics (n.) The science of light; -- a general term sometimes employed when optics is restricted to light as a producing vision.

Photos (pl. ) of Photo

Photo (n.) A contraction of Photograph.

Photo- () A combining form from Gr. fw^s, fwto`s, light; as, photography, phototype, photometer.

Photobiotic (a.) Requiring light to live; incapable of living without light; as, photobiotic plant cells.

Photochemical (a.) Of or pertaining to chemical action of light, or produced by it; as, the photochemical changes of the visual purple of the retina.

Photochemistry (n.) The branch of chemistry which relates to the effect of light in producing chemical changes, as in photography.

Photochromic (a.) Alt. of Photochromatic

Photochromatic (a.) Of or pertaining to photochromy; produced by photochromy.

Photochromy (n.) The art or process of reproducing colors by photography.

Photodrome (n.) An apparatus consisting of a large wheel with spokes, which when turning very rapidly is illuminated by momentary flashes of light passing through slits in a rotating disk. By properly timing the succession of flashes the wheel is made to appear to be motionless, or to rotate more or less slowly in either direction.

Photo-electric (a.) Acting by the operation of both light and electricity; -- said of apparatus for producing pictures by electric light.

Photo-electrotype (n.) An electrotype plate formed in a mold made by photographing on prepared gelatine, etc.

Photo-engraving (n.) The process of obtaining an etched or engraved plate from the photographic image, to be used in printing; also, a picture produced by such a process.

Photo-epinasty (n.) A disproportionately rapid growth of the upper surface of dorsiventral organs, such as leaves, through the stimulus of exposure to light.

Photogalvanography (n.) The art or process of making photo-electrotypes.

Photogen (n.) A light hydrocarbon oil resembling kerosene. It is obtained by distilling coal, paraffin, etc., and is used as a lubricant, illuminant, etc.

Photogene (n.) A photograph.

Photogene (n.) A more or less continued impression or image on the retina.

Photogenic (a.) Of or pertaining to photogeny; producing or generating light.

Photogeny (n.) See Photography.

Photoglyphic (a.) Pertaining to the art of engraving by the action of light.

Photoglyphy (n.) Photoglyphic engraving. See under Photoglyphic.

Photoglyptic (a.) Same as Photoglyphic.

Photogram (n.) A photograph.

Photograph (n.) A picture or likeness obtained by photography.

Photographed (imp. & p. p.) of Photograph

Photographing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Photograph

Photograph (v. t.) To take a picture or likeness of by means of photography; as, to photograph a view; to photograph a group.

Photograph (v. i.) To practice photography; to take photographs.

Photographer (n.) One who practices, or is skilled in, photography.

Photographic (a.) Alt. of Photographical

Photographical (a.) Of or pertaining to photography; obtained by photography; used ib photography; as a photographic picture; a photographic camera.

Photographist (n.) A photographer.

Photographometer (n.) An instrument for determining the sensibility of the plates employed in photographic processes to luminous rays.

Photography (n.) The science which relates to the action of light on sensitive bodies in the production of pictures, the fixation of images, and the like.

Photography (n.) The art or process of producing pictures by this action of light.

Photogravure (n.) A photoengraving; also, the process by which such a picture is produced.

Photoheliograph (n.) A modified kind of telescope adapted to taking photographs of the sun.

Photolithograph (n.) A lithographic picture or copy from a stone prepared by the aid of photography.

Photolithograph (v. t.) To produce (a picture, a copy) by the process of photolithography.

Photolithographer (n.) One who practices, or one who employs, photolithography.

Photolithographic (n.) Of or pertaining to photolithography; produced by photolithography.

Photolithography (n.) The art or process of producing photolithographs.

Photologic (a.) Alt. of Photological

Photological (a.) Pertaining to photology, or the doctrine of light.

Photologist (n.) One who studies or expounds the laws of light.

Photology (n.) The doctrine or science of light, explaining its nature and phenomena; optics.

Photomagnetic (a.) Of or pertaining to photomagnetism.

Photomagnetism (n.) The branch of science which treats of the relation of magnetism to light.

Photomechanical (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, any photographic process in which a printing surface is obtained without the intervention of hand engraving.

Photometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the intensity of light, or, more especially, for comparing the relative intensities of different lights, or their relative illuminating power.

Photometric (a.) Alt. of Photometrical

Photometrical (a.) Of or pertaining to photometry, or to a photometer.

Photometrician (n.) One engaged in the scientific measurement of light.

Photometry (n.) That branch of science which treats of the measurement of the intensity of light.

Photomicrograph (n.) An enlarged or macroscopic photograph of a microscopic object. See Microphotograph.

Photomicrograph (n.) A microscopically small photograph of an object.

Photomicrography (n.) The art of producing photomicrographs.

Photophobia (n.) A dread or intolerance of light.

Photophone (n.) An apparatus for the production of sound by the action of rays of light.

Photophonic (a.) Of or pertaining to photophone.

Photophony (n.) The art or practice of using the photophone.

Photopsia (n.) An affection of the eye, in which the patient perceives luminous rays, flashes, coruscations, etc. See phosphene.

Photopsy (n.) Same as Photopsia.

Photorelief (n.) A printing surface in relief, obtained by photographic means and subsequent manipulations.

Photoscope (n.) Anything employed for the observation of light or luminous effects.

Photoscopic (a.) Of or pertaining to the photoscope or its uses.

Photosculpture (n.) A process in which, by means of a number of photographs simultaneously taken from different points of view on the same level, rough models of the figure or bust of a person or animal may be made with great expedition.

Photosphere (n.) A sphere of light; esp., the luminous envelope of the sun.

Photospheric (a.) Of or pertaining to the photosphere.

Phototonus (n.) A motile condition in plants resulting from exposure to light.

Phototropic (a.) Same as Heliotropic.

Phototype (n.) A plate or block with a printing surface (usually in relief) obtained from a photograph; also, any one of the many methods of processes by which such a printing surface is obtained.

Phototypic (a.) Of or pertaining to a phototype or phototypy.

Phototypography (n.) Same as Phototypy.

Phototypy (n.) The art or process of producing phototypes.

Photoxylography (n.) The process of producing a representation of an object on wood, by photography, for the use of the wood engraver.

Photozincograph (n.) A print made by photozincography.

Photozincography (n.) A process, analogous to photolithography, for reproducing photographed impressions transferred to zinc plate.

Phragmocone (n.) The thin chambered shell attached to the anterior end of a belemnite.

Phragmosiphon (n.) The siphon of a phragmocone.

Phrasal (a.) Of the nature of a phrase; consisting of a phrase; as, a phrasal adverb.

Phrase (n.) A brief expression, sometimes a single word, but usually two or more words forming an expression by themselves, or being a portion of a sentence; as, an adverbial phrase.

Phrase (n.) A short, pithy expression; especially, one which is often employed; a peculiar or idiomatic turn of speech; as, to err is human.

Phrase (n.) A mode or form of speech; the manner or style in which any one expreses himself; diction; expression.

Phrase (n.) A short clause or portion of a period.

Phrased (imp. & p. p.) of Phrase

Phrasing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Phrase

Phrase (v. t.) To express in words, or in peculiar words; to call; to style.

Phrase (v. i.) To use proper or fine phrases.

Phrase (v. i.) To group notes into phrases; as, he phrases well. See Phrase, n., 4.

Phraseless (a.) Indescribable.

Phraseogram (n.) A symbol for a phrase.

Phraseologic (a.) Alt. of Phraseological

Phraseological (a.) Of or pertaining to phraseology; consisting of a peculiar form of words.

Phraseologist (n.) A collector or coiner of phrases.

Phraseology (n.) Manner of expression; peculiarity of diction; style.

Phraseology (n.) A collection of phrases; a phrase book.

Phrasing (n.) Method of expression; association of words.

Phrasing (n.) The act or method of grouping the notes so as to form distinct musical phrases.

Phratries (pl. ) of Phratry

Phratry (n.) A subdivision of a phyle, or tribe, in Athens.

Phreatic (a.) Subterranean; -- applied to sources supplying wells.

Phrenetic (a.) Alt. of Phrenetical

Phrenetical (a.) Relating to phrenitis; suffering from frenzy; delirious; mad; frantic; frenetic.

Phrenetic (n.) One who is phrenetic.

Phrenic (a.) Of or pertaining to the diaphragm; diaphragmatic; as, the phrenic nerve.

Phrenics (n.) That branch of science which relates to the mind; mental philosophy.

Phrenism (n.) See Vital force, under Vital.

Phrenitis (n.) Inflammation of the brain, or of the meninges of the brain, attended with acute fever and delirium; -- called also cephalitis.

Phrenitis (n.) See Frenzy.

Phrenograph (n.) An instrument for registering the movements of the diaphragm, or midriff, in respiration.

Phrenologer (n.) A phrenologist.

Phrenologic (a.) Phrenological.

Phrenological (a.) Of or pertaining to phrenology.

Phrenologist (n.) One versed in phrenology; a craniologist.

Phrenology (n.) The science of the special functions of the several parts of the brain, or of the supposed connection between the various faculties of the mind and particular organs in the brain.

Phrenology (n.) In popular usage, the physiological hypothesis of Gall, that the mental faculties, and traits of character, are shown on the surface of the head or skull; craniology.

Phrenomagnetism (n.) The power of exciting the organs of the brain by magnetic or mesmeric influence.

Phrenosin (n.) A nitrogenous body, related to cerebrin, supposed to exist in the brain.

Phrensied (p. p. & a.) See Frenzied.

Phrensy (n.) Violent and irrational excitement; delirium. See Frenzy.

Phrensy (v. t.) To render frantic.

Phrentic (n. & a.) See Phrenetic.

Phryganeid (n.) Any insect belonging to the Phryganeides.

Phryganeides (n. pl.) A tribe of neuropterous insects which includes the caddice flies; -- called also Trichoptera. See Trichoptera.

Phrygian (a.) Of or pertaining to Phrygia, or to its inhabitants.

Phrygian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Phrygia.

Phrygian (n.) A Montanist.

Phthalate (n.) A salt of phthalic acid.

Phthalein (n.) One of a series of artificial organic dyes made as condensation products of the phenols with phthalic acid, and well represented by phenol phthalein. Their alkaline solutions are fluorescent.

Phthalic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, a dibasic acid obtained by the oxidation of naphthalene and allied substances.

Phthalide (n.) A lactone obtained by reduction of phthalyl chloride, as a white crystalline substance; hence, by extension, any one of the series of which phthalide proper is the type.

Phthalimide (n.) An imido derivative of phthalic acid, obtained as a white crystalline substance, C6H4.(CO)2NH, which has itself (like succinimide) acid properties, and forms a series of salts. Cf. Imido acid, under Imido.

Phthalin (n.) A colorless crystalline substance obtained by reduction from phthalein, into which it is easily converted by oxidation; hence, any one of the series of which phthalin proper is the type.

Phthalyl (n.) The hypothetical radical of phthalic acid.

Phthiriasis (n.) A disease (morbus pediculous) consisting in the excessive multiplication of lice on the human body.

Phthisic (n.) Same as Phthisis.

Phthisical (a.) Of or pertaining to phthisis; affected with phthisis; wasting; consumptive.

Phthisicky (a.) Having phthisis, or some symptom of it, as difficulty in breathing.

Phthisiology (n.) A treatise on phthisis.

Phthisipneumonia (n.) Alt. of Phthisipneumony

Phthisipneumony (n.) Pulmonary consumption.

Phthisis (n.) A wasting or consumption of the tissues. The term was formerly applied to many wasting diseases, but is now usually restricted to pulmonary phthisis, or consumption. See Consumption.

Phthongal (a.) Formed into, or characterized by, voice; vocalized; -- said of all the vowels and the semivowels, also of the vocal or sonant consonants g, d, b, l, r, v, z, etc.

Phthongal (n.) A vocalized element or letter.

Phthongometer (n.) An instrument for measuring vocal sounds.

Phthor (n.) Fluorine.

Phycite (n.) See Erythrite, 1.

Phycochrome (n.) A bluish green coloring matter of certain algae.

Phycocyanin (n.) Alt. of Phycocyanine

Phycocyanine (n.) A blue coloring matter found in certain algae.

Phycoerythrin (n.) Alt. of Phycoerythrine

Phycoerythrine (n.) A red coloring matter found in algae of the subclass Florideae.

Phycography (n.) A description of seaweeds.

Phycology (n.) The science of algae, or seaweeds; algology.

Phycomater (n.) A gelatin in which the algae spores have been supposed to vegetate.

Phycophaeine (n.) A brown coloring matter found in certain algae.

Phycoxanthin (n.) Alt. of Phycoxanthine

Phycoxanthine (n.) A yellowish coloring matter found in certain algae.

Phylacter (n.) A phylactery.

Phylactered (a.) Wearing a phylactery.

Phylacteric (a.) Alt. of Phylacterical

Phylacterical (a.) Of or pertaining to phylacteries.

Phylacteries (pl. ) of Phylactery

Phylactery (n.) Any charm or amulet worn as a preservative from danger or disease.

Phylactery (n.) A small square box, made either of parchment or of black calfskin, containing slips of parchment or vellum on which are written the scriptural passages Exodus xiii. 2-10, and 11-17, Deut. vi. 4-9, 13-22. They are worn by Jews on the head and left arm, on week-day mornings, during the time of prayer.

Phylactery (n.) Among the primitive Christians, a case in which the relics of the dead were inclosed.

Phylactocarp (n.) A branch of a plumularian hydroid specially modified in structure for the protection of the gonothecae.

Phylactolaema (n. pl.) Alt. of Phylactolaemata

Phylactolaemata (n. pl.) An order of fresh-water Bryozoa in which the tentacles are arranged on a horseshoe-shaped lophophore, and the mouth is covered by an epistome. Called also Lophopoda, and hippocrepians.

Phylactolaematous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Phylactolaema.

Phylactolema (n. pl.) Alt. of Phylactolemata

Phylactolemata (n. pl.) Same as Phylactolaema.

Phylarch (n.) The chief of a phyle, or tribe.

Phylarchy (n.) The office of a phylarch; government of a class or tribe.

Phylae (pl. ) of Phyle

Phyle (n.) A local division of the people in ancient Athens; a clan; a tribe.

Phyllite (n.) A mineral related to ottrelite.

Phyllite (n.) Clay slate; argillaceous schist.

Phyllo- () A combining form from Gr. / a leaf; as, phyllopod, phyllotaxy.

Phyllobranciae (pl. ) of Phyllobranchia

Phyllobranchia (n.) A crustacean gill composed of lamellae.

Phyllocladia (pl. ) of Phyllocladium

Phyllocladium (n.) A flattened stem or branch which more or less resembles a leaf, and performs the function of a leaf as regards respiration and assimilation.

Phyllocyanin (n.) A blue coloring matter extracted from chlorophyll.

Phyllocyst (n.) The cavity of a hydrophyllium.

Phyllode (n.) Same as Phyllodium.

Phyllodineous (a.) Having phyllodia; relating to phyllodia.

Phyllodia (pl. ) of Phyllodium

Phyllodium (n.) A petiole dilated into the form of a blade, and usually with vertical edges, as in the Australian acacias.

Phyllody (n.) A retrograde metamorphosis of the floral organs to the condition of leaves.

Phylloid (a.) Resembling a leaf.

Phyllomania (n.) An abnormal or excessive production of leaves.

Phyllome (n.) A foliar part of a plant; any organ homologous with a leaf, or produced by metamorphosis of a leaf.

Phyllomorphosis (n.) The succession and variation of leaves during different seasons.

Phyllophagan (n.) One of a group of marsupials including the phalangists.

Phyllophagan (n.) One of a tribe of beetles which feed upon the leaves of plants, as the chafers.

Phyllophagous (a.) Substituting on leaves; leaf-eating.

Phyllophorous (a.) Leaf-bearing; producing leaves.

Phyllopod (n.) One of the Phyllopoda. [Also used adjectively.]

Phyllopoda (n. pl.) An order of Entomostraca including a large number of species, most of which live in fresh water. They have flattened or leaflike legs, often very numerous, which they use in swimming. Called also Branchiopoda.

Phyllopodous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Phyllopoda.

Phyllorhine (a.) Of or pertaining to Phyllorhina and other related genera of bats that have a leaflike membrane around the nostrils.

Phyllosoma (n.) The larva of the spiny lobsters (Palinurus and allied genera). Its body is remarkably thin, flat, and transparent; the legs are very long. Called also glass-crab, and glass-shrimp.

Phyllostome (n.) Any bat of the genus Phyllostoma, or allied genera, having large membranes around the mouth and nose; a nose-leaf bat.

Phylloltomid (n.) A phyllostome.

Phyllotactic (a.) Of or pertaining to phyllotaxy.

Phyllotaxy (n.) Alt. of Phyllotaxis

Phyllotaxis (n.) The order or arrangement of leaves on the stem; the science of the relative position of leaves.

Phyllous (a.) Homologous with a leaf; as, the sepals, petals, stamens, and pistils are phyllous organs.

Phylloxanthin (n.) A yellow coloring matter extracted from chlorophyll.

Phylloxera (n.) A small hemipterous insect (Phylloxera vastatrix) allied to the aphids. It attacks the roots and leaves of the grapevine, doing great damage, especially in Europe.

Phylloxera (n.) The diseased condition of a vine caused by the insect just described.

Phylogenesis (n.) Alt. of Phylogeny

Phylogeny (n.) The history of genealogical development; the race history of an animal or vegetable type; the historic exolution of the phylon or tribe, in distinction from ontogeny, or the development of the individual organism, and from biogenesis, or life development generally.

Phylogenetic (a.) Relating to phylogenesis, or the race history of a type of organism.

Phyla (pl. ) of Phylon

Phylon (n.) A tribe.

Phyla (pl. ) of Phylum

Phylum (n.) One of the larger divisions of the animal kingdom; a branch; a grand division.

Phymata (pl. ) of Phyma

Phyma (n.) A tubercle on any external part of the body.

Physa (n.) A genus of fresh-water Pulmonifera, having reversed spiral shells. See Pond snail, under Pond.

Physalia (n.) A genus of large oceanic Siphonophora which includes the Portuguese man-of-war.

Physaliae (n. pl.) An order of Siphonophora which includes Physalia.

Physemaria (n. pl.) A group of simple marine organisms, usually classed as the lowest of the sponges. They have inflated hollow bodies.

Physeter (n.) The genus that includes the sperm whale.

Physeter (n.) A filtering machine operated by air pressure.

Physianthropy (n.) The philosophy of human life, or the doctrine of the constitution and diseases of man, and their remedies.

Physic (n.) The art of healing diseases; the science of medicine; the theory or practice of medicine.

Physic (n.) A specific internal application for the cure or relief of sickness; a remedy for disease; a medicine.

Physic (n.) Specifically, a medicine that purges; a cathartic.

Physic (n.) A physician.

Physiced (imp. & p. p.) of Physic

Physicking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Physic

Physic (v. t.) To treat with physic or medicine; to administer medicine to, esp. a cathartic; to operate on as a cathartic; to purge.

Physic (v. t.) To work on as a remedy; to heal; to cure.

Physical (a.) Of or pertaining to nature (as including all created existences); in accordance with the laws of nature; also, of or relating to natural or material things, or to the bodily structure, as opposed to things mental, moral, spiritual, or imaginary; material; natural; as, armies and navies are the physical force of a nation; the body is the physical part of man.

Physical (a.) Of or pertaining to physics, or natural philosophy; treating of, or relating to, the causes and connections of natural phenomena; as, physical science; physical laws.

Physical (a.) Perceptible through a bodily or material organization; cognizable by the senses; external; as, the physical, opposed to chemical, characters of a mineral.

Physical (a.) Of or pertaining to physic, or the art of medicine; medicinal; curative; healing; also, cathartic; purgative.

Physically (adv.) In a physical manner; according to the laws of nature or physics; by physical force; not morally.

Physically (adv.) According to the rules of medicine.

Physician (n.) A person skilled in physic, or the art of healing; one duty authorized to prescribe remedies for, and treat, diseases; a doctor of medicine.

Physician (n.) Hence, figuratively, one who ministers to moral diseases; as, a physician of the soul.

Physicianed (a.) Licensed as a physician.

Physicism (n.) The tendency of the mind toward, or its preoccupation with, physical phenomena; materialism in philosophy and religion.

Physicist (n.) One versed in physics.

Physicist (n.) A believer in the theory that the fundamental phenomena of life are to be explained upon purely chemical and physical principles; -- opposed to vitalist.

Physicking () p. pr. & vb. n. fr. Physic, v. t.

Physico- () A combining form, denoting relation to, or dependence upon, natural causes, or the science of physics.

Physicochemical (a.) Involving the principles of both physics and chemistry; dependent on, or produced by, the joint action of physical and chemical agencies.

Physicologic (n.) Logic illustrated by physics.

Physicological (a.) Of or pertaining to physicologic.

Physicology (n.) Physics.

Physico-mathematics (n.) Mixed mathematics.

Physico-philosophy (n.) The philosophy of nature.

Physico-theology (n.) Theology or divinity illustrated or enforced by physics or natural philosophy.

Physics (n.) The science of nature, or of natural objects; that branch of science which treats of the laws and properties of matter, and the forces acting upon it; especially, that department of natural science which treats of the causes (as gravitation, heat, light, magnetism, electricity, etc.) that modify the general properties of bodies; natural philosophy.

Physiocrat (n.) One of the followers of Quesnay of France, who, in the 18th century, founded a system of political economy based upon the supremacy of natural order.

Physiogeny (n.) The germ history of the functions, or the history of the development of vital activities, in the individual, being one of the branches of ontogeny. See Morphogeny.

Physiognomer (n.) Physiognomist.

Physiognomic (a.) Alt. of Physiognomical

Physiognomical (a.) Of or pertaining to physiognomy; according with the principles of physiognomy.

Physiognomist (n.) Same as Physiognomy, 1.

Physiognomist (n.) One skilled in physiognomy.

Physiognomist (n.) One who tells fortunes by physiognomy.

Physiognomize (v. t.) To observe and study the physiognomy of.

Physiognommonic (a.) Physiognomic.

Physiognomies (pl. ) of Physiognomy

Physiognomy (n.) The art and science of discovering the predominant temper, and other characteristic qualities of the mind, by the outward appearance, especially by the features of the face.

Physiognomy (n.) The face or countenance, with respect to the temper of the mind; particular configuration, cast, or expression of countenance, as denoting character.

Physiognomy (n.) The art telling fortunes by inspection of the features.

Physiognomy (n.) The general appearance or aspect of a thing, without reference to its scientific characteristics; as, the physiognomy of a plant, or of a meteor.

Physiogony (n.) The birth of nature.

Physiographic (a.) Alt. of Physiographical

Physiographical (a.) Of or pertaining to physiography.

Physiography (n.) The science which treats of the earth's exterior physical features, climate, life, etc., and of the physical movements or changes on the earth's surface, as the currents of the atmosphere and ocean, the secular variations in heat, moisture, magnetism, etc.; physical geography.

Physiolatry (n.) The worship of the powers or agencies of nature; materialism in religion; nature worship.

Physiologer (n.) A physiologist.

Physiologic (a.) Physiological.

Physiological (a.) Of or pertaining to physiology; relating to the science of the functions of living organism; as, physiological botany or chemistry.

Physiologically (adv.) In a physiological manner.

Physiologist (n.) One who is versed in the science of physiology; a student of the properties and functions of animal and vegetable organs and tissues.

Physiologize (v. i.) To speculate in physiology; to make physiological investigations.

Physiologies (pl. ) of Physiology

Physiology (n.) The science which treats of the phenomena of living organisms; the study of the processes incidental to, and characteristic of, life.

Physiology (n.) A treatise on physiology.

Physiophyly (n.) The tribal history of the functions, or the history of the paleontological development of vital activities, -- being a branch of phylogeny. See Morphophyly.

Physique (n.) The natural constitution, or physical structure, of a person.

Physnomy (n.) Physiogmony.

Physoclist (n.) One of the Physoclisti.

Physoclisti (n. pl.) An order of teleost in which the air bladder has no opening.

Physograde (n.) Any siphonophore which has an air sac for a float, as the Physalia.

Physophorae (n. pl.) An order of Siphonophora, furnished with an air sac, or float, and a series of nectocalyces. See Illust. under Nectocalyx.

Physopod (n.) One of the Physopoda; a thrips.

Physopoda (n. pl.) Same as Thysanoptera.

Physostigmine (n.) An alkaloid found in the Calabar bean (the seed of Physostigma venenosum), and extracted as a white, tasteless, substance, amorphous or crystalline; -- formerly called eserine, with which it was regarded as identical.

Physostomi (n. pl.) An order of fishes in which the air bladder is provided with a duct, and the ventral fins, when present, are abdominal. It includes the salmons, herrings, carps, catfishes, and others.

Physostomous (a.) Having a duct to the air bladder.

Physostomous (a.) Pertaining to the Physostomi.

Phytelephas (n.) A genus of South American palm trees, the seeds of which furnish the substance called vegetable ivory.

Phytivorous (a.) Feeding on plants or herbage; phytophagous; as, phytivorous animals.

Phyto- () A combining form from Gr. fyto`n a plant; as, phytochemistry, phytography.

Phytochemical (a.) Relating to phytochemistry.

Phytochemistry (n.) Chemistry in its relation to vegetable bodies; vegetable chemistry.

Phytochimy (n.) Phytochemistry.

Phytogenesis (n.) Alt. of Phytogeny

Phytogeny (n.) The doctrine of the generation of plants.

Phytogeographical (a.) Of or pertaining to phytogeography.

Phytogeography (n.) The geographical distribution of plants.

Phytoglyphic (a.) Relating to phytoglyphy.

Phytoglyphy (n.) See Nature printing, under Nature.

Phytographical (a.) Of or pertaining to phytography.

Phytography (n.) The science of describing plants in a systematic manner; also, a description of plants.

Phytoid (a.) Resembling a plant; plantlike.

Phytolacca (n.) A genus of herbaceous plants, some of them having berries which abound in intensely red juice; poke, or pokeweed.

Phytolite (n.) An old name for a fossil plant.

Phytolithologist (n.) One versed in phytolithology; a paleobotanist.

Phytolithology (n.) The branch of science which treats of fossil plants; -- usually called paleobotany, sometimes paleophytology.

Phytological (a.) Of or pertaining to phytology; botanical.

Phytologist (n.) One skilled in phytology; a writer on plants; a botanist.

Phytology (n.) The science of plants; a description of the kinds and properties of plants; botany.

Phytomer (n.) Alt. of Phytomeron

Phytomeron (n.) An organic element of a flowering plant; a phyton.

Phytons (pl. ) of Phyton

Phyton (n.) One of the parts which by their repetition make up a flowering plant, each being a single joint of a stem with its leaf or leaves; a phytomer.

Phytonomy (n.) The science of the origin and growth of plants.

Phytopathologist (n.) One skilled in diseases of plants.

Phytopathology (n.) The science of diseases to which plants are liable.

Phytophaga (n. pl.) A division of Hymenoptera; the sawflies.

Phytophagic (a.) Phytophagous.

Phytophagous (a.) Feeding on plants; herbivorous; as, a phytophagous animal.

Phytophagy (n.) The eating of plants.

Phytophysiology (n.) Vegetable physiology.

Phytotomist (n.) One versed in phytotomy.

Phytotomy (n.) The dissection of plants; vegetable anatomy.

Phytozoaria (n. pl.) Same as Infusoria.

Phytozoa (pl. ) of Phytozoon

Phytozoon (n.) A plantlike animal. The term is sometimes applied to zoophytes.

Phyz (n.) See Phiz.

Rhabarbarate (a.) Impregnated or tinctured with rhubarb.

Rhabarbarin (n.) Alt. of Rhabarbarine

Rhabarbarine (n.) Chrysophanic acid.

Rhabdite (n.) A minute smooth rodlike or fusiform structure found in the tissues of many Turbellaria.

Rhabdite (n.) One of the hard parts forming the ovipositor of insects.

Rhabdocoela (n. pl.) A suborder of Turbellaria including those that have a simple cylindrical, or saclike, stomach, without an intestine.

Rhabdocoelous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Rhabdocoela.

Rhabdoidal (a.) See Sagittal.

Rhabdolith (n.) A minute calcareous rodlike structure found both at the surface and the bottom of the ocean; -- supposed by some to be a calcareous alga.

Rhabdology (n.) Same as Rabdology.

Rhabdom (n.) One of numerous minute rodlike structures formed of two or more cells situated behind the retinulae in the compound eyes of insects, etc. See Illust. under Ommatidium.

Rhabdomancy (n.) Same as Rabdomancy.

Rhabdomere (n.) One of the several parts composing a rhabdom.

Rhabdophora (n. pl.) An extinct division of Hydrozoa which includes the graptolities.

Rhabdopleura (n.) A genus of marine Bryozoa in which the tubular cells have a centralchitinous axis and the tentacles are borne on a bilobed lophophore. It is the type of the order Pterobranchia, or Podostomata

Rhabdosphere (n.) A minute sphere composed of rhabdoliths.

Rhachialgia (n.) See Rachialgia.

Rhachidian (a.) Of or pertaining to the rhachis; as, the rhachidian teeth of a mollusk.

Rhachiglossa (n. pl.) A division of marine gastropods having a retractile proboscis and three longitudinal rows of teeth on the radula. It includes many of the large ornamental shells, as the miters, murices, olives, purpuras, volutes, and whelks. See Illust. in Append.

Rhachilla (n.) A branch of inflorescence; the zigzag axis on which the florets are arranged in the spikelets of grasses.

Rhachiodont (a.) Having gular teeth formed by a peculiar modification of the inferior spines of some of the vertebrae, as certain South African snakes (Dasypeltis) which swallow birds' eggs and use these gular teeth to crush them.

Rhachises (pl. ) of Rhachis

Rhachides (pl. ) of Rhachis

Rhachis (n.) The spine.

Rhachis (n.) The continued stem or midrib of a pinnately compound leaf, as in a rose leaf or a fern.

Rhachis (n.) The principal axis in a raceme, spike, panicle, or corymb.

Rhachis (n.) The shaft of a feather. The rhachis of the after-shaft, or plumule, is called the hyporhachis.

Rhachis (n.) The central cord in the stem of a crinoid.

Rhachis (n.) The median part of the radula of a mollusk.

Rhachis (n.) A central cord of the ovary of nematodes.

Rhachitis (n.) See Rachitis.

Rhadamanthine (a.) Of or pertaining to Rhadamanthus; rigorously just; as, a Rhadamanthine judgment.

Rhadamanthus (n.) One of the three judges of the infernal regions; figuratively, a strictly just judge.

Rh/tian (a & n.) Rhetain.

Rh/tic (a.) Pertaining to, or of the same horizon as, certain Mesozoic strata of the Rhetian Alps. These strata are regarded as closing the Triassic period. See the Chart of Geology.

Rh/tizite (n.) A variety of the mineral cyanite.

Rhamadan (n.) See Ramadan.

Rhamnaceous (a.) Of or pertaining to a natural order of shrubs and trees (Rhamnaceae, or Rhamneae) of which the buckthorn (Rhamnus) is the type. It includes also the New Jersey tea, the supple-jack, and one of the plants called lotus (Zizyphus).

Rhamnus (n.) A genus of shrubs and small trees; buckthorn. The California Rhamnus Purshianus and the European R. catharticus are used in medicine. The latter is used for hedges.

Rhamphorhynchus (n.) A genus of pterodactyls in which the elongated tail supported a leathery expansion at the tip.

Rhamphothecae (pl. ) of Rhamphotheca

Rhamphotheca (n.) The horny covering of the bill of birds.

Rhaphe (n.) The continuation of the seed stalk along the side of an anatropous ovule or seed, forming a ridge or seam.

Rhaphides (n. pl.) Minute transparent, often needle-shaped, crystals found in the tissues of plants.

Rhaponticine (n.) Chrysophanic acid.

Rhapsode (n.) A rhapsodist.

Rhapsoder (n.) A rhapsodist.

Rhapsodic (a.) Alt. of Rhapsodic

Rhapsodic (a.) Of or pertaining to rhapsody; consisting of rhapsody; hence, confused; unconnected.

Rhapsodist (n.) Anciently, one who recited or composed a rhapsody; especially, one whose profession was to recite the verses of Hormer and other epic poets.

Rhapsodist (n.) Hence, one who recites or sings poems for a livelihood; one who makes and repeats verses extempore.

Rhapsodist (n.) One who writes or speaks disconnectedly and with great excitement or affectation of feeling.

Rhapsodized (imp. & p. p.) of Rhapsodize

Rhapsodizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Rhapsodize

Rhapsodize (v. t.) To utter as a rhapsody, or in the manner of a rhapsody

Rhapsodize (v. i.) To utter rhapsodies.

Rhapsodomancy (n.) Divination by means of verses.

Rhapsodies (pl. ) of Rhapsody

Rhapsody (n.) A recitation or song of a rhapsodist; a portion of an epic poem adapted for recitation, or usually recited, at one time; hence, a division of the Iliad or the Odyssey; -- called also a book.

Rhapsody (n.) A disconnected series of sentences or statements composed under excitement, and without dependence or natural connection; rambling composition.

Rhapsody (n.) A composition irregular in form, like an improvisation; as, Liszt's "Hungarian Rhapsodies."

Rhatany (n.) Alt. of Rhatanhy

Rhatanhy (n.) The powerfully astringent root of a half-shrubby Peruvian plant (Krameria triandra). It is used in medicine and to color port wine.

Rhea (n.) The ramie or grass-cloth plant. See Grass-cloth plant, under Grass.

Rhea (n.) Any one of three species of large South American ostrichlike birds of the genera Rhea and Pterocnemia. Called also the American ostrich.

Rheae (n. pl.) A suborder of struthious birds including the rheas.

Rheeboc (n.) The peele.

Rheic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid (commonly called chrysophanic acid) found in rhubarb (Rheum).

Rhein (n.) Chrysophanic acid.

Rheinberry (n.) One of the berries or drupes of the European buckthorn; also, the buckthorn itself.

Rhematic (a.) Having a verb for its base; derived from a verb; as, rhematic adjectives.

Rhematic (n.) The doctrine of propositions or sentences.

Rhemish (a.) Of or pertaining to Rheimis, or Reima, in France.

Rhenish (a.) Of or pertaining to the river Rhine; as, Rhenish wine.

Rhenish (n.) Rhine wine.

Rheochord (n.) A metallic wire used for regulating the resistance of a circuit, or varying the strength of an electric current, by inserting a greater or less length of it in the circuit.

Rheometer (n.) An instrument for measuring currents, especially the force or intensity of electrical currents; a galvanometer.

Rheometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the velocity of the blood current in the arteries.

Rheometric (a.) Of or pertaining to a rheometer or rheometry.

Rheometry (n.) The measurement of the force or intensity of currents.

Rheometry (n.) The calculus; fluxions.

Rheomotor (n.) Any apparatus by which an electrical current is originated.

Rheophore (n.) A connecting wire of an electric or voltaic apparatus, traversed by a current.

Rheophore (n.) One of the poles of a voltaic battery; an electrode.

Rheoscope (n.) An instrument for detecting the presence or movement of currents, as of electricity.

Rheostat (n.) A contrivance for adjusting or regulating the strength of electrical currents, operating usually by the intercalation of resistance which can be varied at will.

Rheotome (n.) An instrument which periodically or otherwise interrupts an electric current.

Rheotrope (n.) An instrument for reversing the direction of an electric current.

Rhesus (n.) A monkey; the bhunder.

Rhetian (a.) Pertaining to the ancient Rhaeti, or Rhaetians, or to Rhaetia, their country; as, the Rhetian Alps, now the country of Tyrol and the Grisons.

Rhetic (a.) Same as Rhaetic.

Rhetizite (n.) Same as Rhaetizite.

Rhetor (n.) A rhetorician.

Rhetoric (n.) The art of composition; especially, elegant composition in prose.

Rhetoric (n.) Oratory; the art of speaking with propriety, elegance, and force.

Rhetoric (n.) Hence, artificial eloquence; fine language or declamation without conviction or earnest feeling.

Rhetoric (n.) Fig. : The power of persuasion or attraction; that which allures or charms.

Rhetorical (a.) Of or pertaining to rhetoric; according to, or exhibiting, rhetoric; oratorical; as, the rhetorical art; a rhetorical treatise; a rhetorical flourish.

Rhetoricate (v. i.) To play the orator.

Rhetorication (n.) Rhetorical amplification.

Rhetorician (n.) One well versed in the rules and principles of rhetoric.

Rhetorician (n.) A teacher of rhetoric.

Rhetorician (n.) An orator; specifically, an artificial orator without genuine eloquence; a declaimer.

Rhetorician (a.) Suitable to a master of rhetoric.

Rhetorized (imp. & p. p.) of Rhetorize

Rhetorizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Rhetorize

Rhetorize (v. i.) To play the orator.

Rhetorize (v. t.) To represent by a figure of rhetoric, or by personification.

Rheum (n.) A genus of plants. See Rhubarb.

Rheum (n.) A serous or mucous discharge, especially one from the eves or nose.

Rheumatic (a.) Derived from, or having the character of, rheum; rheumic.

Rheumatic (a.) Of or pertaining to rheumatism; as, rheumatic pains or affections; affected with rheumatism; as, a rheumatic old man; causing rheumatism; as, a rheumatic day.

Rheumatic (n.) One affected with rheumatism.

Rheumatism (n.) A general disease characterized by painful, often multiple, local inflammations, usually affecting the joints and muscles, but also extending sometimes to the deeper organs, as the heart.

Rheumatismal (a.) Of or pertaining to rheumatism.

Rheumatismoid (a.) Of or resembling rheum or rheumatism.

Rheumic (a.) Pertaining to, or characterized by, rheum.

Rheumides (n. pl.) The class of skin disease developed by the dartrous diathesis. See under Dartrous.

Rheumy (a.) Of or pertaining to rheum; abounding in, or causing, rheum; affected with rheum.

Rhigolene (n.) A mixture of volatile hydrocarbons intermediate between gsolene and cymogene. It is obtained in the purification of crude petroleum, and is used as a refregerant.

Rhime (n.) See Rhyme.

Rhinal (a.) Og or pertaining to the nose or olfactory organs.

Rhinaster (n.) The borele.

Rhine (n.) A water course; a ditch.

Rhinencephalic (a.) Of or pertaining to the rhinencephalon.

Rhinencephala (pl. ) of Rhinencephalon

Rhinencephalon (n.) The division of the brain in front of the prosencephalon, consisting of the two olfactory lobes from which the olfactory nerves arise.

Rhinestone (n.) A colorless stone of high luster, made of paste. It is much used as an inexpensive ornament.

Rhinitis (n.) Infllammation of the nose; esp., inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nostrils.

Rhino (n.) Gold and silver, or money.

Rhino- () A combining form from Greek //, ///, the nose, as in rhinolith, rhinology.

Rhinocerial (a.) Alt. of Rhinocerical

Rhinocerical (a.) Of or pertaining to the rhinoceros; resembling the rhinoceros, or his horn.

Rhinoceros (n.) Any pachyderm belonging to the genera Rhinoceros, Atelodus, and several allied genera of the family Rhinocerotidae, of which several living, and many extinct, species are known. They are large and powerful, and usually have either one or two stout conical median horns on the snout.

Rhinocerote (n.) A rhinoceros.

Rhinocerotic (a.) Of or pertaining to the rhinoceros.

Rhinolite (n.) Alt. of Rhinolith

Rhinolith (n.) A concretion formed within the cavities of the nose.

Rhinological (a.) Of or pertaining to rhinology.

Rhinologist (n.) One skilled in rhinology.

Rhinology (n.) The science which treats of the nose, and its diseases.

Rhinolophid (n.) Any species of the genus Rhinilophus, or family Rhinolophidae, having a horseshoe-shaped nasal crest; a horseshoe bat.

Rhinolophine (a.) Like or pertaining to the rhinolophids, or horseshoe bats.

Rhinophore (n.) One of the two tentacle-like organs on the back of the head or neck of a nudibranch or tectibranch mollusk. They are usually retractile, and often transversely furrowed or plicate, and are regarded as olfactory organs. Called also dorsal tentacles. See Illust. under Pygobranchia, and Opisthobranchia.

Rhinoplastic (a.) Of or pertaining to rhinoplasty; as, a rhinoplastic operation.

Rhinoplasty (n.) Plastic surgery of the nose to correct deformity or to replace lost tissue. Tissue may be transplanted from the patient's cheek, forehead, arm, etc., or even from another person.

Rhinopome (n.) Any old-world bat of the genus Rhinopoma. The rhinopomes have a long tail extending beyond the web, and inhabit caves and tombs.

Rhinoscleroma (n.) A rare disease of the skin, characterized by the development of very hard, more or less flattened, prominences, appearing first upon the nose and subsequently upon the neighboring parts, esp. the lips, palate, and throat.

Rhinoscope (n.) A small mirror for use in rhinoscopy.

Rhinoscopic (a.) Of or pertaining to rhinoscopy.

Rhinoscopy (n.) The examination or study of the soft palate, posterior nares, etc., by means of a laryngoscopic mirror introduced into the pharynx.

Rhinothecae (pl. ) of Rhinotheca

Rhinotheca (n.) The sheath of the upper mandible of a bird.

Rhipidoglossa (n. pl.) A division of gastropod mollusks having a large number of long, divergent, hooklike, lingual teeth in each transverse row. It includes the scutibranchs. See Illustration in Appendix.

Rhipipter (n.) One of the Rhipiptera, a group of insects having wings which fold like a fan; a strepsipter.

Rhipipteran (n.) Same as Rhipipter.

Rhizanthous (a.) Producing flowers from a rootstock, or apparently from a root.

Rhizine (n.) A rootlike filament or hair growing from the stems of mosses or on lichens; a rhizoid.

Rhizocarpous (a.) Having perennial rootstocks or bulbs, but annual flowering stems; -- said of all perennial herbs.

Rhizocephala (n. pl.) A division of Pectostraca including saclike parasites of Crustacea. They adhere by rootlike extensions of the head. See Illusration in Appendix.

Rhizodont (n.) A reptile whose teeth are rooted in sockets, as the crocodile.

Rhizogan (a.) Prodicing roots.

Rhizogen (n.) One of a proposed class of flowering plants growning on the roots of other plants and destitute of green foliage.

Rhizoid (n.) A rootlike appendage.

Rhizomata (pl. ) of Rhizoma

Rhizoma (n.) SAme as Rhizome.

Rhizomatous (a.) Having the nature or habit of a rhizome or rootstock.

Rhizome (n.) A rootstock. See Rootstock.

Rhizophaga (n. pl.) A division of marsupials. The wombat is the type.

Rhizophagous (a.) Feeding on roots; root-eating.

Rhizophora (n.) A genus of trees including the mangrove. See Mangrove.

Rhizophorous (a.) Bearing roots.

Rhizopod (n.) One of the Rhizopoda.

Rhizopoda (n. pl.) An extensive class of Protozoa, including those which have pseudopodia, by means of which they move about and take their food. The principal groups are Lobosa (or Am/bea), Helizoa, Radiolaria, and Foraminifera (or Reticularia). See Protozoa.

Rhizopodous (a.) Of or pertaining to the rhizopods.

Rhizostomata (n. pl.) A suborder of Medusae which includes very large species without marginal tentacles, but having large mouth lobes closely united at the edges. See Illust. in Appendix.

Rhizostome (n.) One of the Rhizostomata.

Rhizotaxis (n.) The arrangement of the roots of plants.

Rhob (n.) See 1st Rob.

Rhodammonium (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, rhodium and ammonia; -- said of certain complex compounds.

Rhodanate (n.) A salt of rhodanic acid; a sulphocyanate.

Rhodanic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid (commonly called sulphocyanic acid) which frms a red color with ferric salts.

Rhodeoretin (n.) Same as Convolvuln.

Rhodian (a.) Of or pertaining to Rhodes, an island of the Mediterranean.

Rhodian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Rhodes.

Rhodic (a.) Of or pertaining to rhodium; containing rhodium.

Rhodium (n.) A rare element of the light platinum group. It is found in platinum ores, and obtained free as a white inert metal which it is very difficult to fuse. Symbol Rh. Atomic weight 104.1. Specific gravity 12.

Rhodizonic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, a colorless crystalline substance (called rhodizonic acid, and carboxylic acid) obtained from potassium carboxide and from certain quinones. It forms brilliant red, yellow, and purple salts.

Rhodochrosite (n.) Manganese carbonate, a rose-red mineral sometimes occuring crystallized, but generally massive with rhombohedral cleavage like calcite; -- called also dialogite.

Rhodocrinite (n.) A rose encrinite.

Rhododendron (n.) A genus of shrubs or small trees, often having handsome evergreen leaves, and remarkable for the beauty of their flowers; rosebay.

Rhodomontade (n.) See Rodomontade.

Rhodomontader (n.) See Rodomontador.

Rhodonite (n.) Manganese spar, or silicate of manganese, a mineral occuring crystallised and in rose-red masses. It is often used as an ornamental stone.

Rhodophane (n.) The red pigment contained in the inner segments of the cones of the retina in animals. See Chromophane.

Rhodopsin (n.) The visual purple. See under Visual.

Rhodosperm (n.) Any seaweed with red spores.

Rhomb (n.) An equilateral parallelogram, or quadrilateral figure whose sides are equal and the opposite sides parallel. The angles may be unequal, two being obtuse and two acute, as in the cut, or the angles may be equal, in which case it is usually called a square.

Rhomb (n.) A rhombohedron.

Rhombic (a.) Shaped like a rhomb.

Rhombic (a.) Same as Orthorhombic.

Rhomboganoid (n.) A ganoid fish having rhombic enameled scales; one of the Rhomboganoidei.

Rhomboganoidei (n. pl.) Same as Ginglymodi.

Rhombogene (n.) A dicyemid which produces infusorialike embryos; -- opposed to nematogene. See Dicyemata.

Rhombohedral (a.) Related to the rhombohedron; presenting the form of a rhombohedron, or a form derivable from a rhombohedron; relating to a system of forms including the rhombohedron and scalenohedron.

Rhombohedric (a.) Rhombohedral.

Rhombohedron (n.) A solid contained by six rhomboids; a parallelopiped.

Rhomboid (n.) An oblique-angled parallelogram like a rhomb, but having only the opposite sides equal, the length and with being different.

Rhomboid (a.) Same as Rhomboidal.

Rhomboidal (a.) Having, or approaching, the shape of a rhomboid.

Rhomboides (n.) A rhomboid.

Rhomboid-ovate (a.) Between rhomboid and ovate, or oval, in shape.

Rhomb spar () A variety of dolomite.

Rhombus (n.) Same as Rhomb, 1.

Rhonchal (a.) Rhonchial.

Rhonchial (a.) Of or pertaining to a rhonchus; produced by rhonchi.

Rhonchisonant (a.) Making a snorting noise; snorting.

Rhonchi (pl. ) of Rhonchus

Rhonchus (n.) An adventitious whistling or snoring sound heard on auscultation of the chest when the air channels are partially obstructed. By some writers the term rhonchus is used as equivalent to rale in its widest sense. See Rale.

Rhopalic (a.) Applied to a line or verse in which each successive word has one more syllable than the preceding.

Rhopalia (pl. ) of Rhopalium

Rhopalium (n.) One of the marginal sensory bodies of medusae belonging to the Discophora.

Rhopalocera (n. pl.) A division of Lepidoptera including all the butterflies. They differ from other Lepidoptera in having club-shaped antennae.

Rhotacism (n.) An oversounding, or a misuse, of the letter r; specifically (Phylol.), the tendency, exhibited in the Indo-European languages, to change s to r, as wese to were.

Rhubarb (n.) The name of several large perennial herbs of the genus Rheum and order Polygonaceae.

Rhubarb (n.) The large and fleshy leafstalks of Rheum Rhaponticum and other species of the same genus. They are pleasantly acid, and are used in cookery. Called also pieplant.

Rhubarb (n.) The root of several species of Rheum, used much as a cathartic medicine.

Rhubarby (a.) Like rhubarb.

Rhumb (n.) A line which crosses successive meridians at a constant angle; -- called also rhumb line, and loxodromic curve. See Loxodromic.

Rhus (n.) A genus of shrubs and small treets. See Sumac.

Rhusma (n.) A mixtire of caustic lime and orpiment, or tersulphide of arsenic, -- used in the depilation of hides.

Rhyme (n.) An expression of thought in numbers, measure, or verse; a composition in verse; a rhymed tale; poetry; harmony of language.

Rhyme (n.) Correspondence of sound in the terminating words or syllables of two or more verses, one succeeding another immediately or at no great distance. The words or syllables so used must not begin with the same consonant, or if one begins with a vowel the other must begin with a consonant. The vowel sounds and accents must be the same, as also the sounds of the final consonants if there be any.

Rhyme (n.) Verses, usually two, having this correspondence with each other; a couplet; a poem containing rhymes.

Rhyme (n.) A word answering in sound to another word.

Rhymed (imp. & p. p.) of Rhyme

Rhyming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Rhyme

Rhyme (n.) To make rhymes, or verses.

Rhyme (n.) To accord in rhyme or sound.

Rhyme (v. t.) To put into rhyme.

Rhyme (v. t.) To influence by rhyme.

Rhymeless (a.) Destitute of rhyme.

Rhymer (n.) One who makes rhymes; a versifier; -- generally in contempt; a poor poet; a poetaster.

Rhymery (n.) The art or habit of making rhymes; rhyming; -- in contempt.

Rhymester (n.) A rhymer; a maker of poor poetry.

Rhymic (a.) Pertaining to rhyme.

Rhymist (n.) A rhymer; a rhymester.

Rhynchobdellea (n. pl.) A suborder of leeches including those that have a protractile proboscis, without jaws. Clepsine is the type.

Rhynchocephala (n. pl.) An order of reptiles having biconcave vertebrae, immovable quadrate bones, and many other peculiar osteological characters. Hatteria is the only living genus, but numerous fossil genera are known, some of which are among the earliest of reptiles. See Hatteria. Called also Rhynchocephalia.

Rhynchocoela (n. pl.) Same as Nemertina.

Rhyncholite (n.) A fossil cephalopod beak.

Rhynchonella (n.) A genus of brachiopods of which some species are still living, while many are found fossil.

Rhynchophora (n. pl.) A group of Coleoptera having a snoutlike head; the snout beetles, curculios, or weevils.

Rhynchophore (n.) One of the Rhynchophora.

Rhynchota (n. pl.) Same as Hemiptera.

Rhyolite (n.) A quartzose trachyte, an igneous rock often showing a fluidal structure.

Rhyparography (n.) In ancient art, the painting of genre or still-life pictures.

Rhysimeter (n.) An instrument, acting on the principle of Pitot's tube, for measuring the velocity of a fluid current, the speed of a ship, etc.

Rhythm (n.) In the widest sense, a dividing into short portions by a regular succession of motions, impulses, sounds, accents, etc., producing an agreeable effect, as in music poetry, the dance, or the like.

Rhythm (n.) Movement in musical time, with periodical recurrence of accent; the measured beat or pulse which marks the character and expression of the music; symmetry of movement and accent.

Rhythm (n.) A division of lines into short portions by a regular succession of arses and theses, or percussions and remissions of voice on words or syllables.

Rhythm (n.) The harmonious flow of vocal sounds.

Rhythmer (n.) One who writes in rhythm, esp. in poetic rhythm or meter.

Rhythmic (a.) Alt. of Rhythmical

Rhythmical (a.) Pertaining to, or of the nature of, rhythm

Rhythmically (adv.) In a rhythmical manner.

Rhythmics (n.) The department of musical science which treats of the length of sounds.

Rhythming (a.) Writing rhythm; verse making.

Rhythmless (a.) Being without rhythm.

Rhythmometer (n.) An instrument for marking time in musical movements. See Metronome.

Rhythmus (n.) Rhythm.

Rhytina (n.) See Rytina.

Shab (n.) The itch in animals; also, a scab.

Shabbed (imp. & p. p.) of Shab

Shabbing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shab

Shab (v. t.) To play mean tricks; to act shabbily.

Shab (v. t.) To scratch; to rub.

Shabbed (a.) Shabby.

Shabbily (adv.) In a shabby manner.

Shabbiness (n.) The quality or state of being sghabby.

Shabble (n.) Alt. of Shabble

Shabble (n.) A kind of crooked sword or hanger.

Shabby (n.) Torn or worn to rage; poor; mean; ragged.

Shabby (n.) Clothed with ragged, much worn, or soiled garments.

Shabby (n.) Mean; paltry; despicable; as, shabby treatment.

Shabrack (n.) The saddlecloth or housing of a cavalry horse.

Shack (v. t.) To shed or fall, as corn or grain at harvest.

Shack (v. t.) To feed in stubble, or upon waste corn.

Shack (v. t.) To wander as a vagabond or a tramp.

Shack (n.) The grain left after harvest or gleaning; also, nuts which have fallen to the ground.

Shack (n.) Liberty of winter pasturage.

Shack (n.) A shiftless fellow; a low, itinerant beggar; a vagabond; a tramp.

Shackatory (n.) A hound.

Shackle (n.) Stubble.

Shackle (n.) Something which confines the legs or arms so as to prevent their free motion; specifically, a ring or band inclosing the ankle or wrist, and fastened to a similar shackle on the other leg or arm, or to something else, by a chain or a strap; a gyve; a fetter.

Shackle (n.) Hence, that which checks or prevents free action.

Shackle (n.) A fetterlike band worn as an ornament.

Shackle (n.) A link or loop, as in a chain, fitted with a movable bolt, so that the parts can be separated, or the loop removed; a clevis.

Shackle (n.) A link for connecting railroad cars; -- called also drawlink, draglink, etc.

Shackle (n.) The hinged and curved bar of a padlock, by which it is hung to the staple.

Shackled (imp. & p. p.) of Shackle

Shackling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shackle

Shackle (v. t.) To tie or confine the limbs of, so as to prevent free motion; to bind with shackles; to fetter; to chain.

Shackle (v. t.) Figuratively: To bind or confine so as to prevent or embarrass action; to impede; to cumber.

Shackle (v. t.) To join by a link or chain, as railroad cars.

Shacklock (n.) A sort of shackle.

Shackly (a.) Shaky; rickety.

Shad (n. sing. & pl.) Any one of several species of food fishes of the Herring family. The American species (Clupea sapidissima), which is abundant on the Atlantic coast and ascends the larger rivers in spring to spawn, is an important market fish. The European allice shad, or alose (C. alosa), and the twaite shad. (C. finta), are less important species.

Shadbird (n.) The American, or Wilson's, snipe. See under Snipe. So called because it appears at the same time as the shad.

Shadbird (n.) The common European sandpiper.

Shadd (n.) Rounded stones containing tin ore, lying at the surface of the ground, and indicating a vein.

Shadde () obs. imp. of Shed.

Shaddock (n.) A tree (Citrus decumana) and its fruit, which is a large species of orange; -- called also forbidden fruit, and pompelmous.

Shade (n.) Comparative obscurity owing to interception or interruption of the rays of light; partial darkness caused by the intervention of something between the space contemplated and the source of light.

Shade (n.) Darkness; obscurity; -- often in the plural.

Shade (n.) An obscure place; a spot not exposed to light; hence, a secluded retreat.

Shade (n.) That which intercepts, or shelters from, light or the direct rays of the sun; hence, also, that which protects from heat or currents of air; a screen; protection; shelter; cover; as, a lamp shade.

Shade (n.) Shadow.

Shade (n.) The soul after its separation from the body; -- so called because the ancients it to be perceptible to the sight, though not to the touch; a spirit; a ghost; as, the shades of departed heroes.

Shade (n.) The darker portion of a picture; a less illuminated part. See Def. 1, above.

Shade (n.) Degree or variation of color, as darker or lighter, stronger or paler; as, a delicate shade of pink.

Shade (n.) A minute difference or variation, as of thought, belief, expression, etc.; also, the quality or degree of anything which is distinguished from others similar by slight differences; as, the shades of meaning in synonyms.

Shaded (imp. & p. p.) of Shade

Shading (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shade

Shade (v. t.) To shelter or screen by intercepting the rays of light; to keep off illumination from.

Shade (v. t.) To shelter; to cover from injury; to protect; to screen; to hide; as, to shade one's eyes.

Shade (v. t.) To obscure; to dim the brightness of.

Shade (v. t.) To pain in obscure colors; to darken.

Shade (v. t.) To mark with gradations of light or color.

Shade (v. t.) To present a shadow or image of; to shadow forth; to represent.

Shadeful (a.) Full of shade; shady.

Shadeless (a.) Being without shade; not shaded.

Shader (n.) One who, or that which, shades.

Shadily (adv.) In a shady manner.

Shadiness (n.) Quality or state of being shady.

Shading (n.) Act or process of making a shade.

Shading (n.) That filling up which represents the effect of more or less darkness, expressing rotundity, projection, etc., in a picture or a drawing.

Shadoof (n.) A machine, resembling a well sweep, used in Egypt for raising water from the Nile for irrigation.

Shadow (n.) Shade within defined limits; obscurity or deprivation of light, apparent on a surface, and representing the form of the body which intercepts the rays of light; as, the shadow of a man, of a tree, or of a tower. See the Note under Shade, n., 1.

Shadow (n.) Darkness; shade; obscurity.

Shadow (n.) A shaded place; shelter; protection; security.

Shadow (n.) A reflected image, as in a mirror or in water.

Shadow (n.) That which follows or attends a person or thing like a shadow; an inseparable companion; hence, an obsequious follower.

Shadow (n.) A spirit; a ghost; a shade; a phantom.

Shadow (n.) An imperfect and faint representation; adumbration; indistinct image; dim bodying forth; hence, mystical representation; type.

Shadow (n.) A small degree; a shade.

Shadow (n.) An uninvited guest coming with one who is invited.

Shadowed (imp. & p. p.) of Shadow

Shadowing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shadow

Shadow (n.) To cut off light from; to put in shade; to shade; to throw a shadow upon; to overspead with obscurity.

Shadow (n.) To conceal; to hide; to screen.

Shadow (n.) To protect; to shelter from danger; to shroud.

Shadow (n.) To mark with gradations of light or color; to shade.

Shadow (n.) To represent faintly or imperfectly; to adumbrate; hence, to represent typically.

Shadow (n.) To cloud; to darken; to cast a gloom over.

Shadow (n.) To attend as closely as a shadow; to follow and watch closely, especially in a secret or unobserved manner; as, a detective shadows a criminal.

Shadowiness (n.) The quality or state of being shadowy.

Shadowing (n.) Shade, or gradation of light and color; shading.

Shadowing (n.) A faint representation; an adumbration.

Shadowish (a.) Shadowy; vague.

Shadowless (a.) Having no shadow.

Shadowy (a.) Full of shade or shadows; causing shade or shadow.

Shadowy (a.) Hence, dark; obscure; gloomy; dim.

Shadowy (a.) Not brightly luminous; faintly light.

Shadowy (a.) Faintly representative; hence, typical.

Shadowy (a.) Unsubstantial; unreal; as, shadowy honor.

Shadrach (n.) A mass of iron on which the operation of smelting has failed of its intended effect; -- so called from Shadrach, one of the three Hebrews who came forth unharmed from the fiery furnace of Nebuchadnezzar. (See Dan. iii. 26, 27.)

Shad-spirit (n.) See Shadbird (a)

Shad-waiter (n.) A lake whitefish; the roundfish. See Roundfish.

Shady (superl.) Abounding in shade or shades; overspread with shade; causing shade.

Shady (superl.) Sheltered from the glare of light or sultry heat.

Shady (superl.) Of or pertaining to shade or darkness; hence, unfit to be seen or known; equivocal; dubious or corrupt.

Shaffle (v. i.) To hobble or limp; to shuffle.

Shaffler (n.) A hobbler; one who limps; a shuffer.

Shafiite (n.) A member of one of the four sects of the Sunnites, or Orthodox Mohammedans; -- so called from its founder, Mohammed al-Shafei.

Shaft (n.) The slender, smooth stem of an arrow; hence, an arrow.

Shaft (n.) The long handle of a spear or similar weapon; hence, the weapon itself; (Fig.) anything regarded as a shaft to be thrown or darted; as, shafts of light.

Shaft (n.) That which resembles in some degree the stem or handle of an arrow or a spear; a long, slender part, especially when cylindrical.

Shaft (n.) The trunk, stem, or stalk of a plant.

Shaft (n.) The stem or midrib of a feather.

Shaft (n.) The pole, or tongue, of a vehicle; also, a thill.

Shaft (n.) The part of a candlestick which supports its branches.

Shaft (n.) The handle or helve of certain tools, instruments, etc., as a hammer, a whip, etc.

Shaft (n.) A pole, especially a Maypole.

Shaft (n.) The body of a column; the cylindrical pillar between the capital and base (see Illust. of Column). Also, the part of a chimney above the roof. Also, the spire of a steeple.

Shaft (n.) A column, an obelisk, or other spire-shaped or columnar monument.

Shaft (n.) A rod at the end of a heddle.

Shaft (n.) A solid or hollow cylinder or bar, having one or more journals on which it rests and revolves, and intended to carry one or more wheels or other revolving parts and to transmit power or motion; as, the shaft of a steam engine.

Shaft (n.) A humming bird (Thaumastura cora) having two of the tail feathers next to the middle ones very long in the male; -- called also cora humming bird.

Shaft (n.) A well-like excavation in the earth, perpendicular or nearly so, made for reaching and raising ore, for raising water, etc.

Shaft (n.) A long passage for the admission or outlet of air; an air shaft.

Shaft (n.) The chamber of a blast furnace.

Shafted (a.) Furnished with a shaft, or with shafts; as, a shafted arch.

Shafted (a.) Having a shaft; -- applied to a spear when the head and the shaft are of different tinctures.

Shafting (n.) Shafts, collectivelly; a system of connected shafts for communicating motion.

Shaftman (n.) Alt. of Shaftment

Shaftment (n.) A measure of about six inches.

Shag (n.) Coarse hair or nap; rough, woolly hair.

Shag (n.) A kind of cloth having a long, coarse nap.

Shag (n.) A kind of prepared tobacco cut fine.

Shag (n.) Any species of cormorant.

Shag (a.) Hairy; shaggy.

Shagged (imp. & p. p.) of Shag

Shagging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shag

Shag (v. t.) To make hairy or shaggy; hence, to make rough.

Shagbark (n.) A rough-barked species of hickory (Carya alba), its nut. Called also shellbark. See Hickory.

Shagbark (n.) The West Indian Pithecolobium micradenium, a legiminous tree with a red coiled-up pod.

Shagebush (n.) A sackbut.

Shagged (a.) Shaggy; rough.

Shagginess (n.) The quality or state of being shaggy; roughness; shaggedness.

Shaggy (n.) Rough with long hair or wool.

Shaggy (n.) Rough; rugged; jaggy.

Shag-haired (a.) Having shaggy hair.

Shag-rag (n.) The unkempt and ragged part of the community.

Shagreen (v. t.) To chagrin.

Shagreen (n.) A kind of untanned leather prepared in Russia and the East, from the skins of horses, asses, and camels, and grained so as to be covered with small round granulations. This characteristic surface is produced by pressing small seeds into the grain or hair side when moist, and afterward, when dry, scraping off the roughness left between them, and then, by soaking, causing the portions of the skin which had been compressed or indented by the seeds to swell up into relief. It is used for covering small cases and boxes.

Shagreen (n.) The skin of various small sharks and other fishes when having small, rough, bony scales. The dogfishes of the genus Scyllium furnish a large part of that used in the arts.

Shagreen (a.) Alt. of Shagreened

Shagreened (a.) Made or covered with the leather called shagreen.

Shagreened (a.) Covered with rough scales or points like those on shagreen.

Shah (n.) The title of the supreme ruler in certain Eastern countries, especially Persia.

Shahin (n.) A large and swift Asiatic falcon (Falco pregrinator) highly valued in falconry.

Shaik (n.) See Sheik.

Shail (v. i.) To walk sidewise.

Shake () obs. p. p. of Shake.

Shook (imp.) of Shake

Shaken (p. p.) of Shake

Shook () of Shake

Shaking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shake

Shake (v.) To cause to move with quick or violent vibrations; to move rapidly one way and the other; to make to tremble or shiver; to agitate.

Shake (v.) Fig.: To move from firmness; to weaken the stability of; to cause to waver; to impair the resolution of.

Shake (v.) To give a tremulous tone to; to trill; as, to shake a note in music.

Shake (v.) To move or remove by agitating; to throw off by a jolting or vibrating motion; to rid one's self of; -- generally with an adverb, as off, out, etc.; as, to shake fruit down from a tree.

Shake (v. i.) To be agitated with a waving or vibratory motion; to tremble; to shiver; to quake; to totter.

Shake (n.) The act or result of shaking; a vacillating or wavering motion; a rapid motion one way and other; a trembling, quaking, or shivering; agitation.

Shake (n.) A fissure or crack in timber, caused by its being dried too suddenly.

Shake (n.) A fissure in rock or earth.

Shake (n.) A rapid alternation of a principal tone with another represented on the next degree of the staff above or below it; a trill.

Shake (n.) One of the staves of a hogshead or barrel taken apart.

Shake (n.) A shook of staves and headings.

Shake (n.) The redshank; -- so called from the nodding of its head while on the ground.

Shakedown (n.) A temporary substitute for a bed, as one made on the floor or on chairs; -- perhaps originally from the shaking down of straw for this purpose.

Shakefork (n.) A fork for shaking hay; a pitchfork.

Shaken (a.) Caused to shake; agitated; as, a shaken bough.

Shaken (a.) Cracked or checked; split. See Shake, n., 2.

Shaken (n.) Impaired, as by a shock.

Shaker (n.) A person or thing that shakes, or by means of which something is shaken.

Shaker (n.) One of a religious sect who do not marry, popularly so called from the movements of the members in dancing, which forms a part of their worship.

Shaker (n.) A variety of pigeon.

Shakeress (n.) A female Shaker.

Shakerism (n.) Doctrines of the Shakers.

Shakespearean (a.) Of, pertaining to, or in the style of, Shakespeare or his works.

Shakiness (n.) Quality of being shaky.

Shakings (n. pl.) Deck sweepings, refuse of cordage, canvas, etc.

Shako (n.) A kind of military cap or headdress.

Shaky (superl.) Shaking or trembling; as, a shaky spot in a marsh; a shaky hand.

Shaky (superl.) Full of shakes or cracks; cracked; as, shaky timber.

Shaky (superl.) Easily shaken; tottering; unsound; as, a shaky constitution; shaky business credit.

Shale (n.) A shell or husk; a cod or pod.

Shale (n.) A fine-grained sedimentary rock of a thin, laminated, and often friable, structure.

Shale (v. t.) To take off the shell or coat of; to shell.

Should (imp.) of Shall

Shall (v. i. & auxiliary.) To owe; to be under obligation for.

Shall (v. i. & auxiliary.) To be obliged; must.

Shall (v. i. & auxiliary.) As an auxiliary, shall indicates a duty or necessity whose obligation is derived from the person speaking; as, you shall go; he shall go; that is, I order or promise your going. It thus ordinarily expresses, in the second and third persons, a command, a threat, or a promise. If the auxillary be emphasized, the command is made more imperative, the promise or that more positive and sure. It is also employed in the language of prophecy; as, "the day shall come when . . . , " since a promise or threat and an authoritative prophecy nearly coincide in significance. In shall with the first person, the necessity of the action is sometimes implied as residing elsewhere than in the speaker; as, I shall suffer; we shall see; and there is always a less distinct and positive assertion of his volition than is indicated by will. "I shall go" implies nearly a simple futurity; more exactly, a foretelling or an expectation of my going, in which, naturally enough, a certain degree of plan or intention may be included; emphasize the shall, and the event is described as certain to occur, and the expression approximates in meaning to our emphatic "I will go." In a question, the relation of speaker and source of obligation is of course transferred to the person addressed; as, "Shall you go?" (answer, "I shall go"); "Shall he go?" i. e., "Do you require or promise his going?" (answer, "He shall go".) The same relation is transferred to either second or third person in such phrases as "You say, or think, you shall go;" "He says, or thinks, he shall go." After a conditional conjunction (as if, whether) shall is used in all persons to express futurity simply; as, if I, you, or he shall say they are right. Should is everywhere used in the same connection and the same senses as shall, as its imperfect. It also expresses duty or moral obligation; as, he should do it whether he will or not. In the early English, and hence in our English Bible, shall is the auxiliary mainly used, in all the persons, to express simple futurity. (Cf. Will, v. t.) Shall may be used elliptically; thus, with an adverb or other word expressive of motion go may be omitted.

Shalli (n.) See Challis.

Shallon (n.) An evergreen shrub (Gaultheria Shallon) of Northwest America; also, its fruit. See Salal-berry.

Shalloon (n.) A thin, loosely woven, twilled worsted stuff.

Shallop (n.) A boat.

Shallot (n.) A small kind of onion (Allium Ascalonicum) growing in clusters, and ready for gathering in spring; a scallion, or eschalot.

Shallow (superl.) Not deep; having little depth; shoal.

Shallow (superl.) Not deep in tone.

Shallow (superl.) Not intellectually deep; not profound; not penetrating deeply; simple; not wise or knowing; ignorant; superficial; as, a shallow mind; shallow learning.

Shallow (n.) A place in a body of water where the water is not deep; a shoal; a flat; a shelf.

Shallow (n.) The rudd.

Shallow (v. t.) To make shallow.

Shallow (v. i.) To become shallow, as water.

Shallow-bodied (a.) Having a moderate depth of hold; -- said of a vessel.

Shallow-brained (a.) Weak in intellect; foolish; empty-headed.

Shallow-hearted (a.) Incapable of deep feeling.

Shallowly (adv.) In a shallow manner.

Shallowness (n.) Quality or state of being shallow.

Shallow-pated (a.) Shallow-brained.

Shallow-waisted (a.) Having a flush deck, or with only a moderate depression amidships; -- said of a vessel.

Shalm (n.) See Shawm.

Shalt () 2d per. sing. of Shall.

Shaly (a.) Resembling shale in structure.

Sham (n.) That which deceives expectation; any trick, fraud, or device that deludes and disappoint; a make-believe; delusion; imposture, humbug.

Sham (n.) A false front, or removable ornamental covering.

Sham (a.) False; counterfeit; pretended; feigned; unreal; as, a sham fight.

Shammed (imp. & p. p.) of Sham

Shamming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sham

Sham (v. t.) To trick; to cheat; to deceive or delude with false pretenses.

Sham (v. t.) To obtrude by fraud or imposition.

Sham (v. t.) To assume the manner and character of; to imitate; to ape; to feign.

Sham (v. i.) To make false pretenses; to deceive; to feign; to impose.

Shama (n.) A saxicoline singing bird (Kittacincla macroura) of India, noted for the sweetness and power of its song. In confinement it imitates the notes of other birds and various animals with accuracy. Its head, neck, back, breast, and tail are glossy black, the rump white, the under parts chestnut.

Shaman (n.) A priest of Shamanism; a wizard among the Shamanists.

Shamanic (a.) Of or pertaining to Shamanism.

Shamanism (n.) The type of religion which once prevalied among all the Ural-Altaic peoples (Tungusic, Mongol, and Turkish), and which still survives in various parts of Northern Asia. The Shaman, or wizard priest, deals with good as well as with evil spirits, especially the good spirits of ancestors.

Shamanist (n.) An adherent of Shamanism.

Shamble (n.) One of a succession of niches or platforms, one above another, to hold ore which is thrown successively from platform to platform, and thus raised to a higher level.

Shamble (n.) A place where butcher's meat is sold.

Shamble (n.) A place for slaughtering animals for meat.

Shambled (imp. & p. p.) of Shamble

Shambling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shamble

Shamble (v. i.) To walk awkwardly and unsteadily, as if the knees were weak; to shuffle along.

Shambling (a.) Characterized by an awkward, irregular pace; as, a shambling trot; shambling legs.

Shambling (n.) An awkward, irregular gait.

Shame (n.) A painful sensation excited by a consciousness of guilt or impropriety, or of having done something which injures reputation, or of the exposure of that which nature or modesty prompts us to conceal.

Shame (n.) Reproach incurred or suffered; dishonor; ignominy; derision; contempt.

Shame (n.) The cause or reason of shame; that which brings reproach, and degrades a person in the estimation of others; disgrace.

Shame (n.) The parts which modesty requires to be covered; the private parts.

Shamed (imp. & p. p.) of Shame

Shaming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shame

Shame (v. t.) To make ashamed; to excite in (a person) a comsciousness of guilt or impropriety, or of conduct derogatory to reputation; to put to shame.

Shame (v. t.) To cover with reproach or ignominy; to dishonor; to disgrace.

Shame (v. t.) To mock at; to deride.

Shame (n.) To be ashamed; to feel shame.

Shamefaced (n.) Easily confused or put out of countenance; diffident; bashful; modest.

Shamefast (a.) Modest; shamefaced.

Shameful (a.) Bringing shame or disgrace; injurious to reputation; disgraceful.

Shameful (a.) Exciting the feeling of shame in others; indecent; as, a shameful picture; a shameful sight.

Shameless (a.) Destitute of shame; wanting modesty; brazen-faced; insensible to disgrace.

Shameless (a.) Indicating want of modesty, or sensibility to disgrace; indecent; as, a shameless picture or poem.

Shame-proof (n.) Shameless.

Shamer (n.) One who, or that which, disgraces, or makes ashamed.

Shammer (n.) One who shams; an impostor.

Shammy (n.) The chamois.

Shammy (n.) A soft, pliant leather, prepared originally from the skin of the chamois, but now made also from the skin of the sheep, goat, kid, deer, and calf. See Shamoying.

Shamois (n.) Alt. of Shamoy

Shamoy (n.) See Shammy.

Shamoying (n.) A process used in preparing certain kinds of leather, which consists in frizzing the skin, and working oil into it to supply the place of the astringent (tannin, alum, or the like) ordinarily used in tanning.

Shampooed (imp. & p. p.) of Shampoo

Shampooing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shampoo

Shampoo (v. t.) To press or knead the whole surface of the body of (a person), and at the same time to stretch the limbs and joints, in connection with the hot bath.

Shampoo (v. t.) To wash throughly and rub the head of (a person), with the fingers, using either soap, or a soapy preparation, for the more thorough cleansing.

Shampoo (n.) The act of shampooing.

Shampooer (n.) One who shampoos.

Shamrock (n.) A trifoliate plant used as a national emblem by the Irish. The legend is that St. Patrick once plucked a leaf of it for use in illustrating the doctrine of the trinity.

Shandrydan (n.) A jocosely depreciative name for a vehicle.

Shandygaff (n.) A mixture of strong beer and ginger beer.

Shanghaied (imp. & p. p.) of Shanghai

Shanghaiing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shanghai

Shanghai (v. t.) To intoxicate and ship (a person) as a sailor while in this condition.

Shanghai (n.) A large and tall breed of domestic fowl.

Shank (n.) See Chank.

Shank (v.) The part of the leg from the knee to the foot; the shin; the shin bone; also, the whole leg.

Shank (v.) Hence, that part of an instrument, tool, or other thing, which connects the acting part with a handle or other part, by which it is held or moved.

Shank (v.) That part of a key which is between the bow and the part which enters the wards of the lock.

Shank (v.) The middle part of an anchor, or that part which is between the ring and the arms.

Shank (v.) That part of a hoe, rake, knife, or the like, by which it is secured to a handle.

Shank (v.) A loop forming an eye to a button.

Shank (v.) The space between two channels of the Doric triglyph.

Shank (v.) A large ladle for molten metal, fitted with long bars for handling it.

Shank (v.) The body of a type.

Shank (v.) The part of the sole beneath the instep connecting the broader front part with the heel.

Shank (v.) A wading bird with long legs; as, the green-legged shank, or knot; the yellow shank, or tattler; -- called also shanks.

Shank (v.) Flat-nosed pliers, used by opticians for nipping off the edges of pieces of glass to make them round.

Shank (v. i.) To fall off, as a leaf, flower, or capsule, on account of disease affecting the supporting footstalk; -- usually followed by off.

Shankbeer (n.) See Schenkbeer.

Shanked (a.) Having a shank.

Shanker (n.) See Chancre.

Shannies (pl. ) of Shanny

Shanny (n.) The European smooth blenny (Blennius pholis). It is olive-green with irregular black spots, and without appendages on the head.

Shan't () A contraction of shall not.

Shanty (a.) Jaunty; showy.

Shanties (pl. ) of Shanty

Shanty (n.) A small, mean dwelling; a rough, slight building for temporary use; a hut.

Shanty (v. i.) To inhabit a shanty.

Shapable (a.) That may be shaped.

Shapable (a.) Shapely.

Shaped (imp.) of Shape

Shaped (p. p.) of Shape

Shapen () of Shape

Shaping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shape

Shape (n.) To form or create; especially, to mold or make into a particular form; to give proper form or figure to.

Shape (n.) To adapt to a purpose; to regulate; to adjust; to direct; as, to shape the course of a vessel.

Shape (n.) To image; to conceive; to body forth.

Shape (n.) To design; to prepare; to plan; to arrange.

Shape (v. i.) To suit; to be adjusted or conformable.

Shape (n.) Character or construction of a thing as determining its external appearance; outward aspect; make; figure; form; guise; as, the shape of a tree; the shape of the head; an elegant shape.

Shape (n.) That which has form or figure; a figure; an appearance; a being.

Shape (n.) A model; a pattern; a mold.

Shape (n.) Form of embodiment, as in words; form, as of thought or conception; concrete embodiment or example, as of some quality.

Shape (n.) Dress for disguise; guise.

Shape (n.) A rolled or hammered piece, as a bar, beam, angle iron, etc., having a cross section different from merchant bar.

Shape (n.) A piece which has been roughly forged nearly to the form it will receive when completely forged or fitted.

Shapeless (a.) Destitute of shape or regular form; wanting symmetry of dimensions; misshapen; -- opposed to shapely.

Shapeliness (n.) The quality or state of being shapely.

Shapely (superl.) Well-formed; having a regular shape; comely; symmetrical.

Shapely (superl.) Fit; suitable.

Shaper (n.) One who shapes; as, the shaper of one's fortunes.

Shaper (n.) That which shapes; a machine for giving a particular form or outline to an object.

Shaper (n.) A kind of planer in which the tool, instead of the work, receives a reciprocating motion, usually from a crank.

Shaper (n.) A machine with a vertically revolving cutter projecting above a flat table top, for cutting irregular outlines, moldings, etc.

Shapoo (n.) The oorial.

Shard (n.) A plant; chard.

Shard (n.) A piece or fragment of an earthen vessel, or a like brittle substance, as the shell of an egg or snail.

Shard (n.) The hard wing case of a beetle.

Shard (n.) A gap in a fence.

Shard (n.) A boundary; a division.

Shard-borne (a.) Borne on shards or scaly wing cases.

Sharded (a.) Having elytra, as a beetle.

Shardy (a.) Having, or consisting of, shards.

Share (n.) The part (usually an iron or steel plate) of a plow which cuts the ground at the bottom of a furrow; a plowshare.

Share (n.) The part which opens the ground for the reception of the seed, in a machine for sowing seed.

Share (v.) A certain quantity; a portion; a part; a division; as, a small share of prudence.

Share (v.) Especially, the part allotted or belonging to one, of any property or interest owned by a number; a portion among others; an apportioned lot; an allotment; a dividend.

Share (v.) Hence, one of a certain number of equal portions into which any property or invested capital is divided; as, a ship owned in ten shares.

Share (v.) The pubes; the sharebone.

Shared (imp. & p. p.) of Share

Sharing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Share

Share (v. t.) To part among two or more; to distribute in portions; to divide.

Share (v. t.) To partake of, use, or experience, with others; to have a portion of; to take and possess in common; as, to share a shelter with another.

Share (v. t.) To cut; to shear; to cleave; to divide.

Share (v. i.) To have part; to receive a portion; to partake, enjoy, or suffer with others.

Sharebeam (n.) The part of the plow to which the share is attached.

Sharebone (n.) The public bone.

Sharebroker (n.) A broker who deals in railway or other shares and securities.

Shareholder (n.) One who holds or owns a share or shares in a joint fund or property.

Sharer (n.) One who shares; a participator; a partaker; also, a divider; a distributer.

Sharewort (n.) A composite plant (Aster Tripolium) growing along the seacoast of Europe.

Shark (v. t. & i.) Any one of numerous species of elasmobranch fishes of the order Plagiostomi, found in all seas.

Shark (v. t. & i.) A rapacious, artful person; a sharper.

Shark (v. t. & i.) Trickery; fraud; petty rapine; as, to live upon the shark.

Shark (v. t.) To pick or gather indiscriminately or covertly.

Sharked (imp. & p. p.) of Shark

Sharking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shark

Shark (v. i.) To play the petty thief; to practice fraud or trickery; to swindle.

Shark (v. i.) To live by shifts and stratagems.

Sharker (n.) One who lives by sharking.

Sharking (n.) Petty rapine; trick; also, seeking a livelihood by shifts and dishonest devices.

Sharock (n.) An East Indian coin of the value of 12/ pence sterling, or about 25 cents.

Sharp (superl.) Having a very thin edge or fine point; of a nature to cut or pierce easily; not blunt or dull; keen.

Sharp (superl.) Terminating in a point or edge; not obtuse or rounded; somewhat pointed or edged; peaked or ridged; as, a sharp hill; sharp features.

Sharp (superl.) Affecting the sense as if pointed or cutting, keen, penetrating, acute: to the taste or smell, pungent, acid, sour, as ammonia has a sharp taste and odor; to the hearing, piercing, shrill, as a sharp sound or voice; to the eye, instantaneously brilliant, dazzling, as a sharp flash.

Sharp (superl.) High in pitch; acute; as, a sharp note or tone.

Sharp (superl.) Raised a semitone in pitch; as, C sharp (C/), which is a half step, or semitone, higher than C.

Sharp (superl.) So high as to be out of tune, or above true pitch; as, the tone is sharp; that instrument is sharp. Opposed in all these senses to flat.

Sharp (superl.) Very trying to the feelings; piercing; keen; severe; painful; distressing; as, sharp pain, weather; a sharp and frosty air.

Sharp (superl.) Cutting in language or import; biting; sarcastic; cruel; harsh; rigorous; severe; as, a sharp rebuke.

Sharp (superl.) Of keen perception; quick to discern or distinguish; having nice discrimination; acute; penetrating; sagacious; clever; as, a sharp eye; sharp sight, hearing, or judgment.

Sharp (superl.) Eager in pursuit; keen in quest; impatient for gratification; keen; as, a sharp appetite.

Sharp (superl.) Fierce; ardent; fiery; violent; impetuous.

Sharp (superl.) Keenly or unduly attentive to one's own interest; close and exact in dealing; shrewd; as, a sharp dealer; a sharp customer.

Sharp (superl.) Composed of hard, angular grains; gritty; as, sharp sand.

Sharp (superl.) Steep; precipitous; abrupt; as, a sharp ascent or descent; a sharp turn or curve.

Sharp (superl.) Uttered in a whisper, or with the breath alone, without voice, as certain consonants, such as p, k, t, f; surd; nonvocal; aspirated.

Sharp (adv.) To a point or edge; piercingly; eagerly; sharply.

Sharp (adv.) Precisely; exactly; as, we shall start at ten o'clock sharp.

Sharp (n.) A sharp tool or weapon.

Sharp (n.) The character [/] used to indicate that the note before which it is placed is to be raised a half step, or semitone, in pitch.

Sharp (n.) A sharp tone or note.

Sharp (n.) A portion of a stream where the water runs very rapidly.

Sharp (n.) A sewing needle having a very slender point; a needle of the most pointed of the three grades, blunts, betweens, and sharps.

Sharp (n.) Same as Middlings, 1.

Sharp (n.) An expert.

Sharped (imp. & p. p.) of Sharp

Sharping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sharp

Sharp (v. t.) To sharpen.

Sharp (v. t.) To raise above the proper pitch; to elevate the tone of; especially, to raise a half step, or semitone, above the natural tone.

Sharp (v. i.) To play tricks in bargaining; to act the sharper.

Sharp (v. i.) To sing above the proper pitch.

Sharp-cut (a.) Cut sharply or definitely, or so as to make a clear, well-defined impression, as the lines of an engraved plate, and the like; clear-cut; hence, having great distinctness; well-defined; clear.

Sarpened (imp. & p. p.) of Sharpen

Sharpening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sharpen

Sharpen (a.) To make sharp.

Sharpen (a.) To give a keen edge or fine point to; to make sharper; as, to sharpen an ax, or the teeth of a saw.

Sharpen (a.) To render more quick or acute in perception; to make more ready or ingenious.

Sharpen (a.) To make more eager; as, to sharpen men's desires.

Sharpen (a.) To make more pungent and intense; as, to sharpen a pain or disease.

Sharpen (a.) To make biting, sarcastic, or severe.

Sharpen (a.) To render more shrill or piercing.

Sharpen (a.) To make more tart or acid; to make sour; as, the rays of the sun sharpen vinegar.

Sharpen (a.) To raise, as a sound, by means of a sharp; to apply a sharp to.

Sharpen (v. i.) To grow or become sharp.

Sharper (n.) A person who bargains closely, especially, one who cheats in bargains; a swinder; also, a cheating gamester.

Sharpie (n.) A long, sharp, flat-bottomed boat, with one or two masts carrying a triangular sail. They are often called Fair Haven sharpies, after the place on the coast of Connecticut where they originated.

Sharpling (n.) A stickleback.

Sharply (adv.) In a sharp manner,; keenly; acutely.

Sharpness (n.) The quality or condition of being sharp; keenness; acuteness.

Sharpsaw (n.) The great titmouse; -- so called from its harsh call notes.

Sharp-set (a.) Eager in appetite or desire of gratification; affected by keen hunger; ravenous; as, an eagle or a lion sharp-set.

Sharpshooter (n.) One skilled in shooting at an object with exactness; a good marksman.

Sharpshooting (n.) A shooting with great precision and effect; hence, a keen contest of wit or argument.

Sharp-sighted (a.) Having quick or acute sight; -- used literally and figuratively.

Sharptail (n.) The pintail duck.

Sharptail (n.) The pintail grouse, or prairie chicken.

Sharp-witted (a.) Having an acute or nicely discerning mind.

Shash (n.) The scarf of a turban.

Shash (n.) A sash.

Shaster (n.) Alt. of Shastra

Shastra (n.) A treatise for authoritative instruction among the Hindoos; a book of institutes; especially, a treatise explaining the Vedas.

Shathmont (n.) A shaftment.

Shattered (imp. & p. p.) of Shatter

Shattering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shatter

Shatter (v. t.) To break at once into many pieces; to dash, burst, or part violently into fragments; to rend into splinters; as, an explosion shatters a rock or a bomb; too much steam shatters a boiler; an oak is shattered by lightning.

Shatter (v. t.) To disorder; to derange; to render unsound; as, to be shattered in intellect; his constitution was shattered; his hopes were shattered.

Shatter (v. t.) To scatter about.

Shatter (v. i.) To be broken into fragments; to fall or crumble to pieces by any force applied.

Shatter (n.) A fragment of anything shattered; -- used chiefly or soley in the phrase into shatters; as, to break a glass into shatters.

Shatter-brained (a.) Alt. of Shatter-pated

Shatter-pated (a.) Disordered or wandering in intellect; hence, heedless; wild.

Shattery (a.) Easily breaking into pieces; not compact; loose of texture; brittle; as, shattery spar.

Shave () obs. p. p. of Shave.

Shaved (imp.) of Shave

Shaved (p. p.) of Shave

Shaven () of Shave

Shaving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shave

Shave (v. t.) To cut or pare off from the surface of a body with a razor or other edged instrument; to cut off closely, as with a razor; as, to shave the beard.

Shave (v. t.) To make bare or smooth by cutting off closely the surface, or surface covering, of; especially, to remove the hair from with a razor or other sharp instrument; to take off the beard or hair of; as, to shave the face or the crown of the head; he shaved himself.

Shave (v. t.) To cut off thin slices from; to cut in thin slices.

Shave (v. t.) To skim along or near the surface of; to pass close to, or touch lightly, in passing.

Shave (v. t.) To strip; to plunder; to fleece.

Shave (v. i.) To use a razor for removing the beard; to cut closely; hence, to be hard and severe in a bargain; to practice extortion; to cheat.

Shave (v. t.) A thin slice; a shaving.

Shave (v. t.) A cutting of the beard; the operation of shaving.

Shave (v. t.) An exorbitant discount on a note.

Shave (v. t.) A premium paid for an extension of the time of delivery or payment, or for the right to vary a stock contract in any particular.

Shave (v. t.) A hand tool consisting of a sharp blade with a handle at each end; a drawing knife; a spokeshave.

Shave (v. t.) The act of passing very near to, so as almost to graze; as, the bullet missed by a close shave.

Shaveling (n.) A man shaved; hence, a monk, or other religious; -- used in contempt.

Shaver (n.) One who shaves; one whose occupation is to shave.

Shaver (n.) One who is close in bargains; a sharper.

Shaver (n.) One who fleeces; a pillager; a plunderer.

Shaver (n.) A boy; a lad; a little fellow.

Shaver (n.) A tool or machine for shaving.

Shaving (n.) The act of one who, or that which, shaves; specifically, the act of cutting off the beard with a razor.

Shaving (n.) That which is shaved off; a thin slice or strip pared off with a shave, a knife, a plane, or other cutting instrument.

Shaw (n.) A thicket; a small wood or grove.

Shaw (n.) The leaves and tops of vegetables, as of potatoes, turnips, etc.

Shawfowl (n.) The representation or image of a fowl made by fowlers to shoot at.

Shawl (n.) A square or oblong cloth of wool, cotton, silk, or other textile or netted fabric, used, especially by women, as a loose covering for the neck and shoulders.

Shawl (v. t.) To wrap in a shawl.

Shawm (n.) A wind instrument of music, formerly in use, supposed to have resembled either the clarinet or the hautboy in form.

Shawnees (n. pl.) A tribe of North American Indians who occupied Western New York and part of Ohio, but were driven away and widely dispersed by the Iroquois.

Shay (n.) A chaise.

She (obj.) This or that female; the woman understood or referred to; the animal of the female sex, or object personified as feminine, which was spoken of.

She (obj.) A woman; a female; -- used substantively.

Sheading (v. t.) A tithing, or division, in the Isle of Man, in which there is a coroner, or chief constable. The island is divided into six sheadings.

Sheaf (n.) A sheave.

Sheaves (pl. ) of Sheaf

Sheaf (n.) A quantity of the stalks and ears of wheat, rye, or other grain, bound together; a bundle of grain or straw.

Sheaf (n.) Any collection of things bound together; a bundle; specifically, a bundle of arrows sufficient to fill a quiver, or the allowance of each archer, -- usually twenty-four.

Sheaf (v. t.) To gather and bind into a sheaf; to make into sheaves; as, to sheaf wheat.

Sheaf (v. i.) To collect and bind cut grain, or the like; to make sheaves.

Sheafy (a.) Pertaining to, or consisting of, a sheaf or sheaves; resembling a sheaf.

Sheal (n.) Same as Sheeling.

Sheal (v. t.) To put under a sheal or shelter.

Sheal (v. t.) To take the husks or pods off from; to shell; to empty of its contents, as a husk or a pod.

Sheal (n.) A shell or pod.

Shealing (n.) The outer husk, pod, or shell, as of oats, pease, etc.; sheal; shell.

Shealing (n.) Same as Sheeling.

Sheared (imp.) of Shear

Shore () of Shear

Sheared (p. p.) of Shear

Shorn () of Shear

Shearing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shear

Shear (v. t.) To cut, clip, or sever anything from with shears or a like instrument; as, to shear sheep; to shear cloth.

Shear (v. t.) To separate or sever with shears or a similar instrument; to cut off; to clip (something) from a surface; as, to shear a fleece.

Shear (v. t.) To reap, as grain.

Shear (v. t.) Fig.: To deprive of property; to fleece.

Shear (v. t.) To produce a change of shape in by a shear. See Shear, n., 4.

Shear (v. t.) A pair of shears; -- now always used in the plural, but formerly also in the singular. See Shears.

Shear (v. t.) A shearing; -- used in designating the age of sheep.

Shear (v. t.) An action, resulting from applied forces, which tends to cause two contiguous parts of a body to slide relatively to each other in a direction parallel to their plane of contact; -- also called shearing stress, and tangential stress.

Shear (v. t.) A strain, or change of shape, of an elastic body, consisting of an extension in one direction, an equal compression in a perpendicular direction, with an unchanged magnitude in the third direction.

Shear (v. i.) To deviate. See Sheer.

Shear (v. i.) To become more or less completely divided, as a body under the action of forces, by the sliding of two contiguous parts relatively to each other in a direction parallel to their plane of contact.

Shearbill (n.) The black skimmer. See Skimmer.

Sheard (n.) See Shard.

Shearer (n.) One who shears.

Shearer (n.) A reaper.

Shearing (n.) The act or operation of clipping with shears or a shearing machine, as the wool from sheep, or the nap from cloth.

Shearing (n.) The product of the act or operation of clipping with shears or a shearing machine; as, the whole shearing of a flock; the shearings from cloth.

Shearing (n.) Same as Shearling.

Shearing (n.) The act or operation of reaping.

Shearing (n.) The act or operation of dividing with shears; as, the shearing of metal plates.

Shearing (n.) The process of preparing shear steel; tilting.

Shearing (n.) The process of making a vertical side cutting in working into a face of coal.

Shearling (n.) A sheep but once sheared.

Shearmen (pl. ) of Shearman

Shearman (n.) One whose occupation is to shear cloth.

Shearn (n.) Dung; excrement.

Shears (n.) A cutting instrument.

Shears (n.) An instrument consisting of two blades, commonly with bevel edges, connected by a pivot, and working on both sides of the material to be cut, -- used for cutting cloth and other substances.

Shears (n.) A similar instrument the blades of which are extensions of a curved spring, -- used for shearing sheep or skins.

Shears (n.) A shearing machine; a blade, or a set of blades, working against a resisting edge.

Shears (n.) Anything in the form of shears.

Shears (n.) A pair of wings.

Shears (n.) An apparatus for raising heavy weights, and especially for stepping and unstepping the lower masts of ships. It consists of two or more spars or pieces of timber, fastened together near the top, steadied by a guy or guys, and furnished with the necessary tackle.

Shears (n.) The bedpiece of a machine tool, upon which a table or slide rest is secured; as, the shears of a lathe or planer. See Illust. under Lathe.

Sheartail (n.) The common tern.

Sheartail (n.) Any one of several species of humming birds of the genus Thaumastura having a long forked tail.

Shearwater (n.) Any one of numerous species of long-winged oceanic birds of the genus Puffinus and related genera. They are allied to the petrels, but are larger. The Manx shearwater (P. Anglorum), the dusky shearwater (P. obscurus), and the greater shearwater (P. major), are well-known species of the North Atlantic. See Hagdon.

Sheatfish (n.) A European siluroid fish (Silurus glanis) allied to the cat-fishes. It is the largest fresh-water fish of Europe, sometimes becoming six feet or more in length. See Siluroid.

Sheath (n.) A case for the reception of a sword, hunting knife, or other long and slender instrument; a scabbard.

Sheath (n.) Any sheathlike covering, organ, or part.

Sheath (n.) The base of a leaf when sheathing or investing a stem or branch, as in grasses.

Sheath (n.) One of the elytra of an insect.

Sheathbill (n.) Either one of two species of birds composing the genus Chionis, and family Chionidae, native of the islands of the Antarctic seas.

Sheathed (imp. & p. p.) of Sheathe

Sheating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sheathe

Sheathe (v. t.) To put into a sheath, case, or scabbard; to inclose or cover with, or as with, a sheath or case.

Sheathe (v. t.) To fit or furnish, as with a sheath.

Sheathe (v. t.) To case or cover with something which protects, as thin boards, sheets of metal, and the like; as, to sheathe a ship with copper.

Sheathe (v. t.) To obtund or blunt, as acrimonious substances, or sharp particles.

Sheathed (a.) Povided with, or inclosed in, sheath.

Sheathed (a.) Invested by a sheath, or cylindrical membranaceous tube, which is the base of the leaf, as the stalk or culm in grasses; vaginate.

Sheather (n.) One who sheathes.

Sheathfish (n.) Same as Sheatfish.

Sheathing (p. pr. & a.) Inclosing with a sheath; as, the sheathing leaves of grasses; the sheathing stipules of many polygonaceous plants.

Sheathing (n.) That which sheathes.

Sheathing (n.) The casing or covering of a ship's bottom and sides; the materials for such covering; as, copper sheathing.

Sheathing (n.) The first covering of boards on the outside wall of a frame house or on a timber roof; also, the material used for covering; ceiling boards in general.

Sheathless (a.) Without a sheath or case for covering; unsheathed.

Sheath-winged (a.) Having elytra, or wing cases, as a beetle.

Sheathy (a.) Forming or resembling a sheath or case.

Shea tree () An African sapotaceous tree (Bassia, / Butyrospermum, Parkii), from the seeds of which a substance resembling butter is obtained; the African butter tree.

Sheave (v.) A wheel having a groove in the rim for a rope to work in, and set in a block, mast, or the like; the wheel of a pulley.

Sheave (v. t.) To gather and bind into a sheaf or sheaves; hence, to collect.

Sheaved (a.) Made of straw.

Shebander (n.) A harbor master, or ruler of a port, in the East Indies.

Shebang (n.) A jocosely depreciative name for a dwelling or shop.

Shebeen (n.) A low public house; especially, a place where spirits and other excisable liquors are illegally and privately sold.

Shechinah (n.) See Shekinah.

Shecklaton (n.) A kind of gilt leather. See Checklaton.

Shed (n.) A slight or temporary structure built to shade or shelter something; a structure usually open in front; an outbuilding; a hut; as, a wagon shed; a wood shed.

Shed (imp. & p. p.) of Shed

Shedding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shed

Shed (v. t.) To separate; to divide.

Shed (v. t.) To part with; to throw off or give forth from one's self; to emit; to diffuse; to cause to emanate or flow; to pour forth or out; to spill; as, the sun sheds light; she shed tears; the clouds shed rain.

Shed (v. t.) To let fall; to throw off, as a natural covering of hair, feathers, shell; to cast; as, fowls shed their feathers; serpents shed their skins; trees shed leaves.

Shed (v. t.) To cause to flow off without penetrating; as, a tight roof, or covering of oiled cloth, sheeds water.

Shed (v. t.) To sprinkle; to intersperse; to cover.

Shed (v. t.) To divide, as the warp threads, so as to form a shed, or passageway, for the shuttle.

Shed (v. i.) To fall in drops; to pour.

Shed (v. i.) To let fall the parts, as seeds or fruit; to throw off a covering or envelope.

Shed (n.) A parting; a separation; a division.

Shed (n.) The act of shedding or spilling; -- used only in composition, as in bloodshed.

Shed (n.) That which parts, divides, or sheds; -- used in composition, as in watershed.

Shed (n.) The passageway between the threads of the warp through which the shuttle is thrown, having a sloping top and bottom made by raising and lowering the alternate threads.

Shedder (n.) One who, or that which, sheds; as, a shedder of blood; a shedder of tears.

Shedder (n.) A crab in the act of casting its shell, or immediately afterwards while still soft; -- applied especially to the edible crabs, which are most prized while in this state.

Shedding (n.) The act of shedding, separating, or casting off or out; as, the shedding of blood.

Shedding (n.) That which is shed, or cast off.

Shelfa (n.) Alt. of Shilfa

Shilfa (n.) The chaffinch; -- so named from its call note.

Sheeling (n.) A hut or small cottage in an expessed or a retired place (as on a mountain or at the seaside) such as is used by shepherds, fishermen, sportsmen, etc.; a summer cottage; also, a shed.

Sheely (n.) Same as Sheelfa.

Sheen (v. t.) Bright; glittering; radiant; fair; showy; sheeny.

Sheen (v. i.) To shine; to glisten.

Sheen (n.) Brightness; splendor; glitter.

Sheenly (adv.) Brightly.

Sheeny (a.) Bright; shining; radiant; sheen.

Sheep (n. sing. & pl.) Any one of several species of ruminants of the genus Ovis, native of the higher mountains of both hemispheres, but most numerous in Asia.

Sheep (n. sing. & pl.) A weak, bashful, silly fellow.

Sheep (n. sing. & pl.) Fig.: The people of God, as being under the government and protection of Christ, the great Shepherd.

Sheepback (n.) A rounded knoll of rock resembling the back of a sheep. -- produced by glacial action. Called also roche moutonnee; -- usually in the plural.

Sheepberry (n.) The edible fruit of a small North American tree of the genus Viburnum (V. Lentago), having white flowers in flat cymes; also, the tree itself. Called also nannyberry.

Sheepbite (v. i.) To bite or nibble like a sheep; hence, to practice petty thefts.

Sheepbiter (n.) One who practices petty thefts.

Sheepcot (n.) Alt. of Sheepcote

Sheepcote (n.) A small inclosure for sheep; a pen; a fold.

Sheep-faced (a.) Over-bashful; sheepish.

Sheepfold (n.) A fold or pen for sheep; a place where sheep are collected or confined.

Sheep-headed (a.) Silly; simple-minded; stupid.

Sheephook (n.) A hook fastened to pole, by which shepherds lay hold on the legs or necks of their sheep; a shepherd's crook.

Sheepish (a.) Of or pertaining to sheep.

Sheepish (a.) Like a sheep; bashful; over-modest; meanly or foolishly diffident; timorous to excess.

Sheepmaster (n.) A keeper or feeder of sheep; also, an owner of sheep.

Sheeprack (n.) The starling.

Sheep's-eye (n.) A modest, diffident look; a loving glance; -- commonly in the plural.

Sheep's-foot (n.) A printer's tool consisting of a metal bar formed into a hammer head at one end and a claw at the other, -- used as a lever and hammer.

Sheepshank (n.) A hitch by which a rope may be temporarily shortened.

Sheepshead (n.) A large and valuable sparoid food fish (Archosargus, / Diplodus, probatocephalus) found on the Atlantic coast of the United States. It often weighs from ten to twelve pounds.

Sheep-shearer (n.) One who shears, or cuts off the wool from, sheep.

Sheep-shearing (n.) Act of shearing sheep.

Sheep-shearing (n.) A feast at the time of sheep-shearing.

Sheepskin (n.) The skin of a sheep; or, leather prepared from it.

Sheepskin (n.) A diploma; -- so called because usually written or printed on parchment prepared from the skin of the sheep.

Sheepsplit (n.) A split of a sheepskin; one of the thin sections made by splitting a sheepskin with a cutting knife or machine.

Sheepy (a.) Resembling sheep; sheepish.

Sheer (v. i.) Bright; clear; pure; unmixed.

Sheer (v. i.) Very thin or transparent; -- applied to fabrics; as, sheer muslin.

Sheer (v. i.) Being only what it seems to be; obvious; simple; mere; downright; as, sheer folly; sheer nonsense.

Sheer (v. i.) Stright up and down; vertical; prpendicular.

Sheer (adv.) Clean; quite; at once.

Sheer (v. t.) To shear.

Sheered (imp. & p. p.) of Sheer

Sheering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sheer

Sheer (v. i.) To decline or deviate from the line of the proper course; to turn aside; to swerve; as, a ship sheers from her course; a horse sheers at a bicycle.

Sheer (n.) The longitudinal upward curvature of the deck, gunwale, and lines of a vessel, as when viewed from the side.

Sheer (n.) The position of a vessel riding at single anchor and swinging clear of it.

Sheer (n.) A turn or change in a course.

Sheer (n.) Shears See Shear.

Sheerly (adv.) At once; absolutely.

Sheerwater (n.) The shearwater.

Sheet (v. t.) In general, a large, broad piece of anything thin, as paper, cloth, etc.; a broad, thin portion of any substance; an expanded superficies.

Sheet (v. t.) A broad piece of cloth, usually linen or cotton, used for wrapping the body or for a covering; especially, one used as an article of bedding next to the body.

Sheet (v. t.) A broad piece of paper, whether folded or unfolded, whether blank or written or printed upon; hence, a letter; a newspaper, etc.

Sheet (v. t.) A single signature of a book or a pamphlet;

Sheet (v. t.) the book itself.

Sheet (v. t.) A broad, thinly expanded portion of metal or other substance; as, a sheet of copper, of glass, or the like; a plate; a leaf.

Sheet (v. t.) A broad expanse of water, or the like.

Sheet (v. t.) A sail.

Sheet (v. t.) An extensive bed of an eruptive rock intruded between, or overlying, other strata.

Sheet (v. t.) A rope or chain which regulates the angle of adjustment of a sail in relation in relation to the wind; -- usually attached to the lower corner of a sail, or to a yard or a boom.

Sheet (v. t.) The space in the forward or the after part of a boat where there are no rowers; as, fore sheets; stern sheets.

Sheeted (imp. & p. p.) of Sheet

Sheeting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sheet

Sheet (v. t.) To furnish with a sheet or sheets; to wrap in, or cover with, a sheet, or as with a sheet.

Sheet (v. t.) To expand, as a sheet.

Sheet anchor (v. t.) A large anchor stowed on shores outside the waist of a vessel; -- called also waist anchor. See the Note under Anchor.

Sheet anchor (v. t.) Anything regarded as a sure support or dependence in danger; the best hope or refuge.

Sheet cable () The cable belonging to the sheet anchor.

Sheet chain () A chain sheet cable.

Sheetfuls (pl. ) of Sheetful

Sheetful (n.) Enough to fill a sheet; as much as a sheet can hold.

Sheeting (n.) Cotton or linen cloth suitable for bed sheets. It is sometimes made of double width.

Sheeting (n.) A lining of planks or boards (rarely of metal) for protecting an embankment.

Sheeting (n.) The act or process of forming into sheets, or flat pieces; also, material made into sheets.

Sheik (n.) The head of an Arab family, or of a clan or a tribe; also, the chief magistrate of an Arab village. The name is also applied to Mohammedan ecclesiastics of a high grade.

Sheil (n.) Alt. of Sheiling

Sheiling (n.) See Sheeling.

Shekel (n.) An ancient weight and coin used by the Jews and by other nations of the same stock.

Shekel (n.) A jocose term for money.

Shekinah (n.) The visible majesty of the Divine Presence, especially when resting or dwelling between the cherubim on the mercy seat, in the Tabernacle, or in the Temple of Solomon; -- a term used in the Targums and by the later Jews, and adopted by Christians.

Sheld (a.) Variegated; spotted; speckled; piebald.

Sheldafle (n.) Alt. of Sheldaple

Sheldaple (n.) A chaffinch.

Sheldfowl (n.) The common sheldrake.

Sheldrake (n.) Any one of several species of large Old World ducks of the genus Tadorna and allied genera, especially the European and Asiatic species. (T. cornuta, / tadorna), which somewhat resembles a goose in form and habit, but breeds in burrows.

Sheldrake (n.) Any one of the American mergansers.

Shelduck (n.) The sheldrake.

Shelves (pl. ) of Shelf

Shelf (v. i.) A flat tablet or ledge of any material set horizontally at a distance from the floor, to hold objects of use or ornament.

Shelf (v. i.) A sand bank in the sea, or a rock, or ledge of rocks, rendering the water shallow, and dangerous to ships.

Shelf (v. i.) A stratum lying in a very even manner; a flat, projecting layer of rock.

Shelf (v. i.) A piece of timber running the whole length of a vessel inside the timberheads.

Shelfy (a.) Abounding in shelves; full of dangerous shallows.

Shelfy (a.) Full of strata of rock.

Shell (n.) A hard outside covering, as of a fruit or an animal.

Shell (n.) The covering, or outside part, of a nut; as, a hazelnut shell.

Shell (n.) A pod.

Shell (n.) The hard covering of an egg.

Shell (n.) The hard calcareous or chitinous external covering of mollusks, crustaceans, and some other invertebrates. In some mollusks, as the cuttlefishes, it is internal, or concealed by the mantle. Also, the hard covering of some vertebrates, as the armadillo, the tortoise, and the like.

Shell (n.) Hence, by extension, any mollusks having such a covering.

Shell (n.) A hollow projectile, of various shapes, adapted for a mortar or a cannon, and containing an explosive substance, ignited with a fuse or by percussion, by means of which the projectile is burst and its fragments scattered. See Bomb.

Shell (n.) The case which holds the powder, or charge of powder and shot, used with breechloading small arms.

Shell (n.) Any slight hollow structure; a framework, or exterior structure, regarded as not complete or filled in; as, the shell of a house.

Shell (n.) A coarse kind of coffin; also, a thin interior coffin inclosed in a more substantial one.

Shell (n.) An instrument of music, as a lyre, -- the first lyre having been made, it is said, by drawing strings over a tortoise shell.

Shell (n.) An engraved copper roller used in print works.

Shell (n.) The husks of cacao seeds, a decoction of which is often used as a substitute for chocolate, cocoa, etc.

Shell (n.) The outer frame or case of a block within which the sheaves revolve.

Shell (n.) A light boat the frame of which is covered with thin wood or with paper; as, a racing shell.

Shelled (imp. & p. p.) of Shell

Shelling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shell

Shell (v. t.) To strip or break off the shell of; to take out of the shell, pod, etc.; as, to shell nuts or pease; to shell oysters.

Shell (v. t.) To separate the kernels of (an ear of Indian corn, wheat, oats, etc.) from the cob, ear, or husk.

Shell (v. t.) To throw shells or bombs upon or into; to bombard; as, to shell a town.

Shell (v. i.) To fall off, as a shell, crust, etc.

Shell (v. i.) To cast the shell, or exterior covering; to fall out of the pod or husk; as, nuts shell in falling.

Shell (v. i.) To be disengaged from the ear or husk; as, wheat or rye shells in reaping.

Shell-lac (n.) Alt. of Shellac

Shellac (n.) See the Note under 2d Lac.

Shellapple (n.) See Sheldafle.

Shellbark (n.) A species of hickory (Carya alba) whose outer bark is loose and peeling; a shagbark; also, its nut.

Shelled (a.) Having a shell.

Sheller (n.) One who, or that which, shells; as, an oyster sheller; a corn sheller.

Shellfish (n.) Any aquatic animal whose external covering consists of a shell, either testaceous, as in oysters, clams, and other mollusks, or crustaceous, as in lobsters and crabs.

Shelling (n.) Groats; hulled oats.

Shell-less (a.) Having no shell.

Shellproof (a.) Capable of resisting bombs or other shells; bombproof.

Shellwork (n.) Work composed of shells, or adorned with them.

Shelly (a.) Abounding with shells; consisting of shells, or of a shell.

Shelter (n.) That which covers or defends from injury or annoyance; a protection; a screen.

Shelter (n.) One who protects; a guardian; a defender.

Shelter (n.) The state of being covered and protected; protection; security.

Sheltered (imp. & p. p.) of Shelter

Sheltering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shelter

Shelter (v. t.) To be a shelter for; to provide with a shelter; to cover from injury or annoyance; to shield; to protect.

Shelter (v. t.) To screen or cover from notice; to disguise.

Shelter (v. t.) To betake to cover, or to a safe place; -- used reflexively.

Shelter (v. i.) To take shelter.

Shelterless (a.) Destitute of shelter or protection.

Sheltery (a.) Affording shelter.

Sheltie (n.) Alt. of Shelty

Shelty (n.) A Shetland pony.

Shelve (v. t.) To furnish with shelves; as, to shelve a closet or a library.

Shelve (v. t.) To place on a shelf. Hence: To lay on the shelf; to put aside; to dismiss from service; to put off indefinitely; as, to shelve an officer; to shelve a claim.

Shelved (imp. & p. p.) of Shelve

Shelving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shelve

Shelve (v. i.) To incline gradually; to be slopping; as, the bottom shelves from the shore.

Shelving (a.) Sloping gradually; inclining; as, a shelving shore.

Shelving (n.) The act of fitting up shelves; as, the job of shelving a closet.

Shelving (n.) The act of laying on a shelf, or on the shelf; putting off or aside; as, the shelving of a claim.

Shelving (n.) Material for shelves; shelves, collectively.

Shelvy (a.) Sloping gradually; shelving.

Shemite (n.) A descendant of Shem.

Shemitic (a.) Alt. of Shemitish

Shemitish (a.) Of or pertaining to Shem, the son of Noah, or his descendants. See Semitic.

Shemitism (n.) See Semitism.

Shent (imp. & p. p.) of Shend

Shending (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shend

Shend (n.) To injure, mar, spoil, or harm.

Shend (n.) To blame, reproach, or revile; to degrade, disgrace, or put to shame.

Shendful (a.) Destructive; ruinous; disgraceful.

Shendship (n.) Harm; ruin; also, reproach; disgrace.

Shent () obs. 3d pers. sing. pres. of Shend, for shendeth.

Shent (v. t.) To shend.

Sheol (n.) The place of departed spirits; Hades; also, the grave.

Shepen (n.) A stable; a shippen.

Shepherd (n.) A man employed in tending, feeding, and guarding sheep, esp. a flock grazing at large.

Shepherd (n.) The pastor of a church; one with the religious guidance of others.

Shepherded (imp. & p. p.) of Shepherd

Shepherding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shepherd

Shepherd (v. t.) To tend as a shepherd; to guard, herd, lead, or drive, as a shepherd.

Shepherdess (n.) A woman who tends sheep; hence, a rural lass.

Shepherdias (pl. ) of Shepherdia

Shepherdia (n.) A genus of shrubs having silvery scurfy leaves, and belonging to the same family as Elaeagnus; also, any plant of this genus. See Buffalo berry, under Buffalo.

Shepherdish (n.) Resembling a shepherd; suiting a shepherd; pastoral.

Shepherdism (n.) Pastoral life or occupation.

Shepherdling (n.) A little shepherd.

Shepherdly (a.) Resembling, or becoming to, a shepherd; pastoral; rustic.

Shepster (n.) A seamstress.

Sherbet (n.) A refreshing drink, common in the East, made of the juice of some fruit, diluted, sweetened, and flavored in various ways; as, orange sherbet; lemon sherbet; raspberry sherbet, etc.

Sherbet (n.) A flavored water ice.

Sherbet (n.) A preparation of bicarbonate of soda, tartaric acid, sugar, etc., variously flavored, for making an effervescing drink; -- called also sherbet powder.

Sherd (n.) A fragment; -- now used only in composition, as in potsherd. See Shard.

Shereef (n.) Alt. of Sherif

Sherif (n.) A member of an Arab princely family descended from Mohammed through his son-in-law Ali and daughter Fatima. The Grand Shereef is the governor of Mecca.

Sheriat (n.) The sacred law of the Turkish empire.

Sheriff (n.) The chief officer of a shire or county, to whom is intrusted the execution of the laws, the serving of judicial writs and processes, and the preservation of the peace.

Sheriffalty (n.) Alt. of Sheriffwick

Sheriffdom (n.) Alt. of Sheriffwick

Sheriffry (n.) Alt. of Sheriffwick

Sheriffship (n.) Alt. of Sheriffwick

Sheriffwick (n.) The office or jurisdiction of sheriff. See Shrievalty.

Shern (n.) See Shearn.

Sherris (n.) Sherry.

Sherry (n.) A Spanish light-colored dry wine, made in Andalusia. As prepared for commerce it is colored a straw color or a deep amber by mixing with it cheap wine boiled down.

Sherryvallies (n. pl.) Trousers or overalls of thick cloth or leather, buttoned on the outside of each leg, and generally worn to protect other trousers when riding on horseback.

Shet (imp.) of Shet

Shette () of Shet

Shet (p. pr.) of Shet

Shetting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shet

Shet (v. t. & i.) To shut.

Shete (v. t. & i.) To shoot.

Sheth (n.) The part of a plow which projects downward beneath the beam, for holding the share and other working parts; -- also called standard, or post.

Shetland pony () One of a small, hardy breed of horses, with long mane and tail, which originated in the Shetland Islands; a sheltie.

Shew (v. t. & i.) See Show.

Shew (n.) Show.

Shewbread () See Showbread.

Shewel (n.) A scarecrow.

Shewer (n.) One who shews. See Shower.

Shewn () p. p. of Shew.

Shiah (n.) Same as Shiite.

Shibboleth (n.) A word which was made the criterion by which to distinguish the Ephraimites from the Gileadites. The Ephraimites, not being able to pronounce sh, called the word sibboleth. See Judges xii.

Shibboleth (n.) Also in an extended sense.

Shibboleth (n.) Hence, the criterion, test, or watchword of a party; a party cry or pet phrase.

Shide (n.) A thin board; a billet of wood; a splinter.

Shie (v. t.) See Shy, to throw.

Shied () imp. & p. p. of Shy.

Shiel (n.) A sheeling.

Shield (n.) A broad piece of defensive armor, carried on the arm, -- formerly in general use in war, for the protection of the body. See Buckler.

Shield (n.) Anything which protects or defends; defense; shelter; protection.

Shield (n.) Figuratively, one who protects or defends.

Shield (n.) In lichens, a Hardened cup or disk surrounded by a rim and containing the fructification, or asci.

Shield (n.) The escutcheon or field on which are placed the bearings in coats of arms. Cf. Lozenge. See Illust. of Escutcheon.

Shield (n.) A framework used to protect workmen in making an adit under ground, and capable of being pushed along as excavation progresses.

Shield (n.) A spot resembling, or having the form of, a shield.

Shield (n.) A coin, the old French crown, or ecu, having on one side the figure of a shield.

Shielded (imp. & p. p.) of Shield

Shielding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shield

Shield (n.) To cover with, or as with, a shield; to cover from danger; to defend; to protect from assault or injury.

Shield (n.) To ward off; to keep off or out.

Shield (n.) To avert, as a misfortune; hence, as a supplicatory exclamation, forbid!

Shield-bearer (n.) One who, or that which, carries a shield.

Shield-bearer (n.) Any small moth of the genus Aspidisca, whose larva makes a shieldlike covering for itself out of bits of leaves.

Shielddrake (n.) A sheldrake.

Shieldless (a.) Destitute of a shield, or of protection.

Shieldtail (n.) Any species of small burrowing snakes of the family Uropeltidae, native of Ceylon and Southern Asia. They have a small mouth which can not be dilated.

Shieling (n.) A hut or shelter for shepherds of fishers. See Sheeling.

Shifted (imp. & p. p.) of Shift

Shifting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shift

Shift (v. t.) To divide; to distribute; to apportion.

Shift (v. t.) To change the place of; to move or remove from one place to another; as, to shift a burden from one shoulder to another; to shift the blame.

Shift (v. t.) To change the position of; to alter the bearings of; to turn; as, to shift the helm or sails.

Shift (v. t.) To exchange for another of the same class; to remove and to put some similar thing in its place; to change; as, to shift the clothes; to shift the scenes.

Shift (v. t.) To change the clothing of; -- used reflexively.

Shift (v. t.) To put off or out of the way by some expedient.

Shiff (v. i.) To divide; to distribute.

Shiff (v. i.) To make a change or changes; to change position; to move; to veer; to substitute one thing for another; -- used in the various senses of the transitive verb.

Shiff (v. i.) To resort to expedients for accomplishing a purpose; to contrive; to manage.

Shiff (v. i.) To practice indirect or evasive methods.

Shiff (v. i.) To slip to one side of a ship, so as to destroy the equilibrum; -- said of ballast or cargo; as, the cargo shifted.

Shift (v. t.) The act of shifting.

Shift (v. t.) The act of putting one thing in the place of another, or of changing the place of a thing; change; substitution.

Shift (v. t.) Something frequently shifted; especially, a woman's under-garment; a chemise.

Shift (v. t.) The change of one set of workmen for another; hence, a spell, or turn, of work; also, a set of workmen who work in turn with other sets; as, a night shift.

Shift (v. t.) In building, the extent, or arrangement, of the overlapping of plank, brick, stones, etc., that are placed in courses so as to break joints.

Shift (v. t.) A breaking off and dislocation of a seam; a fault.

Shift (v. t.) A change of the position of the hand on the finger board, in playing the violin.

Shiftable (a.) Admitting of being shifted.

Shifter (n.) One who, or that which, shifts; one who plays tricks or practices artifice; a cozener.

Shifter (n.) An assistant to the ship's cook in washing, steeping, and shifting the salt provisions.

Shifter (n.) An arrangement for shifting a belt sidewise from one pulley to another.

Shifter (n.) A wire for changing a loop from one needle to another, as in narrowing, etc.

Shiftiness (n.) The quality or state of being shifty.

Shifting (a.) Changing in place, position, or direction; varying; variable; fickle; as, shifting winds; shifting opinions or principles.

Shifting (a.) Adapted or used for shifting anything.

Shiftingly (adv.) In a shifting manner.

Shiftless (a.) Destitute of expedients, or not using successful expedients; characterized by failure, especially by failure to provide for one's own support, through negligence or incapacity; hence, lazy; improvident; thriftless; as, a shiftless fellow; shiftless management.

Shifty (a.) Full of, or ready with, shifts; fertile in expedients or contrivance.

Shiite (n.) Alt. of Shiah

Shiah (n.) A member of that branch of the Mohammedans to which the Persians belong. They reject the first three caliphs, and consider Ali as being the first and only rightful successor of Mohammed. They do not acknowledge the Sunna, or body of traditions respecting Mohammed, as any part of the law, and on these accounts are treated as heretics by the Sunnites, or orthodox Mohammedans.

Shikaree (n.) Alt. of Shikari

Shikari (n.) A sportsman; esp., a native hunter.

Shilf (n.) Straw.

Shill (v. t.) To shell.

Shill (v. t.) To put under cover; to sheal.

Shillalah (n.) Alt. of Shillelah

Shillelah (n.) An oaken sapling or cudgel; any cudgel; -- so called from Shillelagh, a place in Ireland of that name famous for its oaks.

Shilling (n.) A silver coin, and money of account, of Great Britain and its dependencies, equal to twelve pence, or the twentieth part of a pound, equivalent to about twenty-four cents of the United States currency.

Shilling (n.) In the United States, a denomination of money, differing in value in different States. It is not now legally recognized.

Shilling (n.) The Spanish real, of the value of one eight of a dollar, or 12/ cets; -- formerly so called in New York and some other States. See Note under 2.

Shill-I-shall-I (adv.) Alt. of Shilly-shally

Shilly-shally (adv.) In an irresolute, undecided, or hesitating manner.

Shilly-shally (v. i.) To hesitate; to act in an irresolute manner; hence, to occupy one's self with trifles.

Shilly-shally (n.) Irresolution; hesitation; also, occupation with trifles.

Shiloh (n.) A word used by Jacob on his deathbed, and interpreted variously, as "the Messiah," or as the city "Shiloh," or as "Rest."

Shily (adv.) See Shyly.

Shim (n.) A kind of shallow plow used in tillage to break the ground, and clear it of weeds.

Shim (n.) A thin piece of metal placed between two parts to make a fit.

Shimmered (imp. & p. p.) of Shimmer

Shimmering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shimmer

Shimmer (v. i.) To shine with a tremulous or intermittent light; to shine faintly; to gleam; to glisten; to glimmer.

Shimmer (n.) A faint, tremulous light; a gleaming; a glimmer.

Shimmering (n.) A gleam or glimmering.

Shimmy (n.) A chemise.

Shin (n.) The front part of the leg below the knee; the front edge of the shin bone; the lower part of the leg; the shank.

Shin (n.) A fish plate for rails.

Shinned (imp. & p. p.) of Shin

Shinning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shin

Shin (v. i.) To climb a mast, tree, rope, or the like, by embracing it alternately with the arms and legs, without help of steps, spurs, or the like; -- used with up; as, to shin up a mast.

Shin (v. i.) To run about borrowing money hastily and temporarily, as for the payment of one's notes at the bank.

Shin (v. t.) To climb (a pole, etc.) by shinning up.

Shindle (n.) A shingle; also, a slate for roofing.

Shindle (v. t.) To cover or roof with shindles.

Shindies (pl. ) of Shindy

Shindy (n.) An uproar or disturbance; a spree; a row; a riot.

Shindy (n.) Hockey; shinney.

Shindy (n.) A fancy or liking.

Shone (imp. & p. p.) of Shine

Shined () of Shine

Shining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shine

Shine (v. i.) To emit rays of light; to give light; to beam with steady radiance; to exhibit brightness or splendor; as, the sun shines by day; the moon shines by night.

Shine (v. i.) To be bright by reflection of light; to gleam; to be glossy; as, to shine like polished silver.

Shine (v. i.) To be effulgent in splendor or beauty.

Shine (v. i.) To be eminent, conspicuous, or distinguished; to exhibit brilliant intellectual powers; as, to shine in courts; to shine in conversation.

Shine (v. t.) To cause to shine, as a light.

Shine (v. t.) To make bright; to cause to shine by reflected light; as, in hunting, to shine the eyes of a deer at night by throwing a light on them.

Shine (n.) The quality or state of shining; brightness; luster, gloss; polish; sheen.

Shine (n.) Sunshine; fair weather.

Shine (n.) A liking for a person; a fancy.

Shine (n.) Caper; antic; row.

Shine (v. i.) Shining; sheen.

Shiner (n.) That which shines.

Shiner (n.) A luminary.

Shiner (n.) A bright piece of money.

Shiner (n.) Any one of numerous species of small freshwater American cyprinoid fishes, belonging to Notropis, or Minnilus, and allied genera; as the redfin (Notropis megalops), and the golden shiner (Notemigonus chrysoleucus) of the Eastern United States; also loosely applied to various other silvery fishes, as the dollar fish, or horsefish, menhaden, moonfish, sailor's choice, and the sparada.

Shiner (n.) The common Lepisma, or furniture bug.

Shiness (n.) See Shyness.

Shingle (n.) Round, water-worn, and loose gravel and pebbles, or a collection of roundish stones, such as are common on the seashore and elsewhere.

Shingle (n.) A piece of wood sawed or rived thin and small, with one end thinner than the other, -- used in covering buildings, especially roofs, the thick ends of one row overlapping the thin ends of the row below.

Shingle (n.) A sign for an office or a shop; as, to hang out one's shingle.

Shingled (imp. &. p. p.) of Shingle

Shingling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shingle

Shingle (v. t.) To cover with shingles; as, to shingle a roof.

Shingle (v. t.) To cut, as hair, so that the ends are evenly exposed all over the head, as shingles on a roof.

Shingle (v. t.) To subject to the process of shindling, as a mass of iron from the pudding furnace.

Shingler (n.) One who shingles.

Shingler (n.) A machine for shingling puddled iron.

Shingles (n.) A kind of herpes (Herpes zoster) which spreads half way around the body like a girdle, and is usually attended with violent neuralgic pain.

Shingling (n.) The act of covering with shingles; shingles, collectively; a covering made of shingles.

Shingling (n.) The process of expelling scoriae and other impurities by hammering and squeezing, in the production of wrought iron.

Shingly (a.) Abounding with shingle, or gravel.

Shinhopple (n.) The hobblebush.

Shining (a.) Emitting light, esp. in a continuous manner; radiant; as, shining lamps; also, bright by the reflection of light; as, shining armor.

Shining (a.) Splendid; illustrious; brilliant; distinguished; conspicious; as, a shining example of charity.

Shining (a.) Having the surface smooth and polished; -- said of leaves, the surfaces of shells, etc.

Shining (n.) Emission or reflection of light.

Shiningness (n.) Brightness.

Shinney (n.) The game of hockey; -- so called because of the liability of the players to receive blows on the shin.

Shinplaster (n.) Formerly, a jocose term for a bank note greatly depreciated in value; also, for paper money of a denomination less than a dollar.

Shinto (n.) Alt. of Shintiism

Shintiism (n.) One of the two great systems of religious belief in Japan. Its essence is ancestor worship, and sacrifice to dead heroes.

Shintoist (n.) An adherent of Shintoism.

Shinty (n.) A Scotch game resembling hockey; also, the club used in the game.

Shiny (superl.) Bright; luminous; clear; unclouded.

-ship (n.) A suffix denoting state, office, dignity, profession, or art; as in lordship, friendship, chancellorship, stewardship, horsemanship.

Ship (n.) Pay; reward.

Ship (n.) Any large seagoing vessel.

Ship (n.) Specifically, a vessel furnished with a bowsprit and three masts (a mainmast, a foremast, and a mizzenmast), each of which is composed of a lower mast, a topmast, and a topgallant mast, and square-rigged on all masts. See Illustation in Appendix.

Ship (n.) A dish or utensil (originally fashioned like the hull of a ship) used to hold incense.

Shipped (imp. & p. p.) of Ship

Shipping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ship

Ship (v. t.) To put on board of a ship, or vessel of any kind, for transportation; to send by water.

Ship (v. t.) By extension, in commercial usage, to commit to any conveyance for transportation to a distance; as, to ship freight by railroad.

Ship (v. t.) Hence, to send away; to get rid of.

Ship (v. t.) To engage or secure for service on board of a ship; as, to ship seamen.

Ship (v. t.) To receive on board ship; as, to ship a sea.

Ship (v. t.) To put in its place; as, to ship the tiller or rudder.

Ship (v. i.) To engage to serve on board of a vessel; as, to ship on a man-of-war.

Ship (v. i.) To embark on a ship.

Shipboard (n.) A ship's side; hence, by extension, a ship; -- found chiefly in adverbial phrases; as, on shipboard; a shipboard.

Shipbuilder (n.) A person whose occupation is to construct ships and other vessels; a naval architect; a shipwright.

Shipbuilding (n.) Naval architecturel the art of constructing ships and other vessels.

Shipfuls (pl. ) of Shipful

Shipful (n.) As much or as many as a ship will hold; enough to fill a ship.

Shipholder (n.) A shipowner.

Shipless (a.) Destitute of ships.

Shiplet (n.) A little ship.

Shipload (n.) The load, or cargo, of a ship.

Shipmen (pl. ) of Shipman

Shipman (n.) A seaman, or sailor.

Shipmaster (n.) The captain, master, or commander of a ship.

Shipmate (n.) One who serves on board of the same ship with another; a fellow sailor.

Shipment (n.) The act or process of shipping; as, he was engaged in the shipment of coal for London; an active shipment of wheat from the West.

Shipment (n.) That which is shipped.

Shipowner (n.) Owner of a ship or ships.

Shippen (n.) A stable; a cowhouse.

Shipper (n.) One who sends goods from one place to another not in the same city or town, esp. one who sends goods by water.

Shipping (a.) Relating to ships, their ownership, transfer, or employment; as, shiping concerns.

Shipping (a.) Relating to, or concerned in, the forwarding of goods; as, a shipping clerk.

Shipping (n.) The act of one who, or of that which, ships; as, the shipping of flour to Liverpool.

Shipping (n.) The collective body of ships in one place, or belonging to one port, country, etc.; vessels, generally; tonnage.

Shipping (n.) Navigation.

Shippon (n.) A cowhouse; a shippen.

Ship-rigged (a.) Rigged like a ship, that is, having three masts, each with square sails.

Shipshape (a.) Arranged in a manner befitting a ship; hence, trim; tidy; orderly.

Shipshape (adv.) In a shipshape or seamanlike manner.

Shipworm (n.) Any long, slender, worm-shaped bivalve mollusk of Teredo and allied genera. The shipworms burrow in wood, and are destructive to wooden ships, piles of wharves, etc. See Teredo.

Shipwreck (n.) The breaking in pieces, or shattering, of a ship or other vessel by being cast ashore or driven against rocks, shoals, etc., by the violence of the winds and waves.

Shipwreck (n.) A ship wrecked or destroyed upon the water, or the parts of such a ship; wreckage.

Shipwreck (n.) Fig.: Destruction; ruin; irretrievable loss.

Shipwrecked (imp. & p. p.) of Shipwreck

Shipwrecking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shipwreck

Shipwreck (v. t.) To destroy, as a ship at sea, by running ashore or on rocks or sandbanks, or by the force of wind and waves in a tempest.

Shipwreck (v. t.) To cause to experience shipwreck, as sailors or passengers. Hence, to cause to suffer some disaster or loss; to destroy or ruin, as if by shipwreck; to wreck; as, to shipwreck a business.

Shipwright (n.) One whose occupation is to construct ships; a builder of ships or other vessels.

Shipyard (n.) A yard, place, or inclosure where ships are built or repaired.

Shiraz (n.) A kind of Persian wine; -- so called from the place whence it is brought.

Shire (n.) A portion of Great Britain originally under the supervision of an earl; a territorial division, usually identical with a county, but sometimes limited to a smaller district; as, Wiltshire, Yorkshire, Richmondshire, Hallamshire.

Shire (n.) A division of a State, embracing several contiguous townships; a county.

Shirked (imp. & p. p.) of Shirk

Shirking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shirk

Shirk (v. t.) To procure by petty fraud and trickery; to obtain by mean solicitation.

Shirk (v. t.) To avoid; to escape; to neglect; -- implying unfaithfulness or fraud; as, to shirk duty.

Shirk (v. i.) To live by shifts and fraud; to shark.

Shirk (v. i.) To evade an obligation; to avoid the performance of duty, as by running away.

Shirk (n.) One who lives by shifts and tricks; one who avoids the performance of duty or labor.

Shirker (n.) One who shirks.

Shirky (a.) Disposed to shirk.

Shirl (a.) Shrill.

Shirl (n.) See Schorl.

Shirley (n.) The bullfinch.

Shirr (n.) A series of close parallel runnings which are drawn up so as to make the material between them set full by gatherings; -- called also shirring, and gauging.

Shirred (a.) Made or gathered into a shirr; as, a shirred bonnet.

Shirred (a.) Broken into an earthen dish and baked over the fire; -- said of eggs.

Shirt (n.) A loose under-garment for the upper part of the body, made of cotton, linen, or other material; -- formerly used of the under-garment of either sex, now commonly restricted to that worn by men and boys.

Shirted (imp. & p. p.) of Shirt

Shirting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shirt

Shirt (v. t. & i.) To cover or clothe with a shirt, or as with a shirt.

Shirting (n.) Cloth, specifically cotton cloth, suitable for making shirts.

Shirtless (a.) Not having or wearing a shirt.

Shist () Alt. of Shistose

Shistose () See Shist, Schistose.

Shittah (n.) Alt. of Shittah tree

Shittah tree (n.) A tree that furnished the precious wood of which the ark, tables, altars, boards, etc., of the Jewish tabernacle were made; -- now believed to have been the wood of the Acacia Seyal, which is hard, fine grained, and yellowish brown in color.

Shittim (n.) Alt. of Shittim wood

Shittim wood (n.) The wood of the shittah tree.

Shittle (n.) A shuttle.

Shittle (a.) Wavering; unsettled; inconstant.

Shittlecock (n.) A shuttlecock.

Shittleness (n.) Instability; inconstancy.

Shive (n.) A slice; as, a shive of bread.

Shive (n.) A thin piece or fragment; specifically, one of the scales or pieces of the woody part of flax removed by the operation of breaking.

Shive (n.) A thin, flat cork used for stopping a wide-mouthed bottle; also, a thin wooden bung for casks.

Shiver (n.) One of the small pieces, or splinters, into which a brittle thing is broken by sudden violence; -- generally used in the plural.

Shiver (n.) A thin slice; a shive.

Shiver (n.) A variety of blue slate.

Shiver (n.) A sheave or small wheel in a pulley.

Shiver (n.) A small wedge, as for fastening the bolt of a window shutter.

Shiver (n.) A spindle.

Shivered (imp. & p. p.) of Shiver

Shivering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shiver

Shiver (v. t.) To break into many small pieces, or splinters; to shatter; to dash to pieces by a blow; as, to shiver a glass goblet.

Shiver (v. i.) To separate suddenly into many small pieces or parts; to be shattered.

Shiver (v. i.) To tremble; to vibrate; to quiver; to shake, as from cold or fear.

Shiver (v. t.) To cause to shake or tremble, as a sail, by steering close to the wind.

Shiver (n.) The act of shivering or trembling.

Shiveringly (adv.) In a shivering manner.

Shiver-spar (n.) A variety of calcite, so called from its slaty structure; -- called also slate spar.

Shivery (a.) Tremulous; shivering.

Shivery (a.) Easily broken; brittle; shattery.

Shoad (n.) A train of vein material mixed with rubbish; fragments of ore which have become separated by the action of water or the weather, and serve to direct in the discovery of mines.

Shoading (n.) The tracing of veins of metal by shoads.

Shoal (n.) A great multitude assembled; a crowd; a throng; -- said especially of fish; as, a shoal of bass.

Shoaled (imp. & p. p.) of Shoal

Shoaling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shoal

Shoal (v. i.) To assemble in a multitude; to throng; as, the fishes shoaled about the place.

Shoal (a.) Having little depth; shallow; as, shoal water.

Shoal (n.) A place where the water of a sea, lake, river, pond, etc., is shallow; a shallow.

Shoal (n.) A sandbank or bar which makes the water shoal.

Shoal (v. i.) To become shallow; as, the color of the water shows where it shoals.

Shoal (v. t.) To cause to become more shallow; to come to a more shallow part of; as, a ship shoals her water by advancing into that which is less deep.

Shoaliness (n.) The quality or state of being shoaly; little depth of water; shallowness.

Shoaling (a.) Becoming shallow gradually.

Shoaly (a.) Full of shoals, or shallow places.

Shoar (n.) A prop. See 3d Shore.

Shoat (n.) A young hog. Same as Shote.

Shock (n.) A pile or assemblage of sheaves of grain, as wheat, rye, or the like, set up in a field, the sheaves varying in number from twelve to sixteen; a stook.

Shock (n.) A lot consisting of sixty pieces; -- a term applied in some Baltic ports to loose goods.

Shock (v. t.) To collect, or make up, into a shock or shocks; to stook; as, to shock rye.

Shock (v. i.) To be occupied with making shocks.

Shock (n.) A quivering or shaking which is the effect of a blow, collision, or violent impulse; a blow, impact, or collision; a concussion; a sudden violent impulse or onset.

Shock (n.) A sudden agitation of the mind or feelings; a sensation of pleasure or pain caused by something unexpected or overpowering; also, a sudden agitating or overpowering event.

Shock (n.) A sudden depression of the vital forces of the entire body, or of a port of it, marking some profound impression produced upon the nervous system, as by severe injury, overpowering emotion, or the like.

Shock (n.) The sudden convulsion or contraction of the muscles, with the feeling of a concussion, caused by the discharge, through the animal system, of electricity from a charged body.

Shocked (imp. & p. p.) of Shock

Shocking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shock

Shock (v.) To give a shock to; to cause to shake or waver; hence, to strike against suddenly; to encounter with violence.

Shock (v.) To strike with surprise, terror, horror, or disgust; to cause to recoil; as, his violence shocked his associates.

Shock (v. i.) To meet with a shock; to meet in violent encounter.

Shock (n.) A dog with long hair or shag; -- called also shockdog.

Shock (n.) A thick mass of bushy hair; as, a head covered with a shock of sandy hair.

Shock (a.) Bushy; shaggy; as, a shock hair.

Shockdog (n.) See 7th Shock, 1.

Shock-head (a.) Shock-headed.

Shock-headed (a.) Having a thick and bushy head of hair.

Shocking (a.) Causing to shake or tremble, as by a blow; especially, causing to recoil with horror or disgust; extremely offensive or disgusting.

Shod (imp. & p. p.) f Shoe.

Shoddy (v. t.) A fibrous material obtained by "deviling," or tearing into fibers, refuse woolen goods, old stockings, rags, druggets, etc. See Mungo.

Shoddy (v. t.) A fabric of inferior quality made of, or containing a large amount of, shoddy.

Shoddy (a.) Made wholly or in part of shoddy; containing shoddy; as, shoddy cloth; shoddy blankets; hence, colloquially, not genuine; sham; pretentious; as, shoddy aristocracy.

Shoddyism (n.) The quality or state of being shoddy.

Shode (v. t.) The parting of the hair on the head.

Shode (v. t.) The top of the head; the head.

Shode () Alt. of Shoding

Shoding () See Shoad, Shoading.

Shoder (n.) A package of gold beater's skins in which gold is subjected to the second process of beating.

Shoes (pl. ) of Shoe

Shoon (pl. ) of Shoe

Shoe (n.) A covering for the human foot, usually made of leather, having a thick and somewhat stiff sole and a lighter top. It differs from a boot on not extending so far up the leg.

Shoe (n.) Anything resembling a shoe in form, position, or use.

Shoe (n.) A plate or rim of iron nailed to the hoof of an animal to defend it from injury.

Shoe (n.) A band of iron or steel, or a ship of wood, fastened to the bottom of the runner of a sleigh, or any vehicle which slides on the snow.

Shoe (n.) A drag, or sliding piece of wood or iron, placed under the wheel of a loaded vehicle, to retard its motion in going down a hill.

Shoe (n.) The part of a railroad car brake which presses upon the wheel to retard its motion.

Shoe (n.) A trough-shaped or spout-shaped member, put at the bottom of the water leader coming from the eaves gutter, so as to throw the water off from the building.

Shoe (n.) The trough or spout for conveying the grain from the hopper to the eye of the millstone.

Shoe (n.) An inclined trough in an ore-crushing mill.

Shoe (n.) An iron socket or plate to take the thrust of a strut or rafter.

Shoe (n.) An iron socket to protect the point of a wooden pile.

Shoe (n.) A plate, or notched piece, interposed between a moving part and the stationary part on which it bears, to take the wear and afford means of adjustment; -- called also slipper, and gib.

Shod (imp. & p. p.) of Shoe

Shoeing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shoe

Shoe (n.) To furnish with a shoe or shoes; to put a shoe or shoes on; as, to shoe a horse, a sled, an anchor.

Shoe (n.) To protect or ornament with something which serves the purpose of a shoe; to tip.

Shoebill (n.) A large African wading bird (Balaeniceps rex) allied to the storks and herons, and remarkable for its enormous broad swollen bill. It inhabits the valley of the White Nile. See Illust. (l.) of Beak.

Shoeblack (n.) One who polishes shoes.

Shoehorn (n.) Alt. of Shoeing-horn

Shoeing-horn (n.) A curved piece of polished horn, wood, or metal used to facilitate the entrance of the foot into a shoe.

Shoeing-horn (n.) Anything by which a transaction is facilitated; a medium; -- by way of contempt.

Shoeing-horn (n.) Anything which draws on or allures; an inducement.

Shoeless (a.) Destitute of shoes.

Shoemaker (n.) One whose occupation it is to make shoes and boots.

Shoemaker (n.) The threadfish.

Shoemaker (n.) The runner, 12.

Shoemaking (n.) The business of a shoemaker.

Shoer (n.) One who fits shoes to the feet; one who furnishes or puts on shoes; as, a shoer of horses.

Shog (n.) A shock; a jog; a violent concussion or impulse.

Shog (v. t.) To shake; to shock.

Shog (v. i.) To jog; to move on.

Shoggle (v. t.) To joggle.

Shogun (n.) A title originally conferred by the Mikado on the military governor of the eastern provinces of Japan. By gradual usurpation of power the Shoguns (known to foreigners as Tycoons) became finally the virtual rulers of Japan. The title was abolished in 1867.

Shogunate (n.) The office or dignity of a Shogun.

Shola (n.) See Sola.

Shole (n.) A plank fixed beneath an object, as beneath the rudder of a vessel, to protect it from injury; a plank on the ground under the end of a shore or the like.

Shole (n.) See Shoal.

Shonde (n.) Harm; disgrace; shame.

Shone () imp. & p. p. of Shine.

Shoo (interj.) Begone; away; -- an expression used in frightening away animals, especially fowls.

Shooi (n.) The Richardson's skua (Stercorarius parasiticus);- so called from its cry.

Shook () imp. & obs. or poet. p. p. of Shake.

Shook (n.) A set of staves and headings sufficient in number for one hogshead, cask, barrel, or the like, trimmed, and bound together in compact form.

Shook (n.) A set of boards for a sugar box.

Shook (n.) The parts of a piece of house furniture, as a bedstead, packed together.

Shook (v. t.) To pack, as staves, in a shook.

Shoon (n.) pl. of Shoe.

Shoop () imp. of Shape. Shaped.

Shoot (n.) An inclined plane, either artificial or natural, down which timber, coal, etc., are caused to slide; also, a narrow passage, either natural or artificial, in a stream, where the water rushes rapidly; esp., a channel, having a swift current, connecting the ends of a bend in the stream, so as to shorten the course.

Shot (imp. & p. p.) of Shoot

Shooting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shoot

Shotten () of Shoot

Shoot (v. i.) To let fly, or cause to be driven, with force, as an arrow or a bullet; -- followed by a word denoting the missile, as an object.

Shoot (v. i.) To discharge, causing a missile to be driven forth; -- followed by a word denoting the weapon or instrument, as an object; -- often with off; as, to shoot a gun.

Shoot (v. i.) To strike with anything shot; to hit with a missile; often, to kill or wound with a firearm; -- followed by a word denoting the person or thing hit, as an object.

Shoot (v. i.) To send out or forth, especially with a rapid or sudden motion; to cast with the hand; to hurl; to discharge; to emit.

Shoot (v. i.) To push or thrust forward; to project; to protrude; -- often with out; as, a plant shoots out a bud.

Shoot (v. i.) To plane straight; to fit by planing.

Shoot (v. i.) To pass rapidly through, over, or under; as, to shoot a rapid or a bridge; to shoot a sand bar.

Shoot (v. i.) To variegate as if by sprinkling or intermingling; to color in spots or patches.

Shoot (v. i.) To cause an engine or weapon to discharge a missile; -- said of a person or an agent; as, they shot at a target; he shoots better than he rides.

Shoot (v. i.) To discharge a missile; -- said of an engine or instrument; as, the gun shoots well.

Shoot (v. i.) To be shot or propelled forcibly; -- said of a missile; to be emitted or driven; to move or extend swiftly, as if propelled; as, a shooting star.

Shoot (v. i.) To penetrate, as a missile; to dart with a piercing sensation; as, shooting pains.

Shoot (v. i.) To feel a quick, darting pain; to throb in pain.

Shoot (v. i.) To germinate; to bud; to sprout.

Shoot (v. i.) To grow; to advance; as, to shoot up rapidly.

Shoot (v. i.) To change form suddenly; especially, to solidify.

Shoot (v. i.) To protrude; to jut; to project; to extend; as, the land shoots into a promontory.

Shoot (v. i.) To move ahead by force of momentum, as a sailing vessel when the helm is put hard alee.

Shoot (n.) The act of shooting; the discharge of a missile; a shot; as, the shoot of a shuttle.

Shoot (n.) A young branch or growth.

Shoot (n.) A rush of water; a rapid.

Shoot (n.) A vein of ore running in the same general direction as the lode.

Shoot (n.) A weft thread shot through the shed by the shuttle; a pick.

Shoot (n.) A shoat; a young hog.

Shooter (n.) One who shoots, as an archer or a gunner.

Shooter (n.) That which shoots.

Shooter (n.) A firearm; as, a five-shooter.

Shooter (n.) A shooting star.

Shooting (n.) The act of one who, or that which, shoots; as, the shooting of an archery club; the shooting of rays of light.

Shooting (n.) A wounding or killing with a firearm; specifically (Sporting), the killing of game; as, a week of shooting.

Shooting (n.) A sensation of darting pain; as, a shooting in one's head.

Shooting (a.) Of or pertaining to shooting; for shooting; darting.

Shooty (a.) Sprouting or coming up freely and regularly.

Shop () imp. of Shape. Shaped.

Shop (n.) A building or an apartment in which goods, wares, drugs, etc., are sold by retail.

Shop (n.) A building in which mechanics or artisans work; as, a shoe shop; a car shop.

Shopped (imp. & p. p.) of Shop

Shopping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shop

Shop (v. i.) To visit shops for the purpose of purchasing goods.

Shopboard (n.) A bench or board on which work is performed; a workbench.

Shopbook (n.) A book in which a tradesman keeps his accounts.

Shopboy (n.) A boy employed in a shop.

Shopen () p. p. of Shape.

Shopgirl (n.) A girl employed in a shop.

Shopkeeper (n.) A trader who sells goods in a shop, or by retail; -- in distinction from one who sells by wholesale.

Shoplifter (n.) One who steals anything in a shop, or takes goods privately from a shop; one who, under pretense of buying goods, takes occasion to steal.

Shoplifting (n.) Larceny committed in a shop; the stealing of anything from a shop.

Shoplike (a.) Suiting a shop; vulgar.

Shopmaid (n.) A shopgirl.

Shopmen (pl. ) of Shopman

Shopman (n.) A shopkeeper; a retailer.

Shopman (n.) One who serves in a shop; a salesman.

Shopman (n.) One who works in a shop or a factory.

Shopper (n.) One who shops.

Shoppish (a.) Having the appearance or qualities of a shopkeeper, or shopman.

Shoppy (a.) Abounding with shops.

Shoppy (a.) Of or pertaining to shops, or one's own shop or business; as, shoppy talk.

Shopshift (n.) The trick of a shopkeeper; deception.

Shopwalker (n.) One who walks about in a shop as an overseer and director. Cf. Floorwalker.

Shopwomen (pl. ) of Shopwoman

Shopwoman (n.) A woman employed in a shop.

Shopworn (a.) Somewhat worn or damaged by having been kept for a time in a shop.

Shorage (n.) Duty paid for goods brought on shore.

Shore () imp. of Shear.

Shore (n.) A sewer.

Shore (n.) A prop, as a timber, placed as a brace or support against the side of a building or other structure; a prop placed beneath anything, as a beam, to prevent it from sinking or sagging.

Shored (imp. & p. p.) of Shore

Shoring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shore

Shore (v. t.) To support by a shore or shores; to prop; -- usually with up; as, to shore up a building.

Shore (v. t.) The coast or land adjacent to a large body of water, as an ocean, lake, or large river.

Shore (v. t.) To set on shore.

Shoreless (a.) Having no shore or coast; of indefinite or unlimited extent; as, a shoreless ocean.

Shoreling (n.) See Shorling.

Shorer (n.) One who, or that which, shores or props; a prop; a shore.

Shoreward (adv.) Toward the shore.

Shoring (n.) The act of supporting or strengthening with a prop or shore.

Shoring (n.) A system of props; props, collectively.

Shorl (a.) Alt. of Shorlaceous

Shorlaceous (a.) See Schorl, Schorlaceous.

Shorling (n.) The skin of a sheen after the fleece is shorn off, as distinct from the morling, or skin taken from the dead sheep; also, a sheep of the first year's shearing.

Shorling (n.) A person who is shorn; a shaveling; hence, in contempt, a priest.

Shorn () p. p. of Shear.

Short (superl.) Not long; having brief length or linear extension; as, a short distance; a short piece of timber; a short flight.

Short (superl.) Not extended in time; having very limited duration; not protracted; as, short breath.

Short (superl.) Limited in quantity; inadequate; insufficient; scanty; as, a short supply of provisions, or of water.

Short (superl.) Insufficiently provided; inadequately supplied; scantily furnished; lacking; not coming up to a resonable, or the ordinary, standard; -- usually with of; as, to be short of money.

Short (superl.) Deficient; defective; imperfect; not coming up, as to a measure or standard; as, an account which is short of the trith.

Short (superl.) Not distant in time; near at hand.

Short (superl.) Limited in intellectual power or grasp; not comprehensive; narrow; not tenacious, as memory.

Short (superl.) Less important, efficaceous, or powerful; not equal or equivalent; less (than); -- with of.

Short (superl.) Abrupt; brief; pointed; petulant; as, he gave a short answer to the question.

Short (superl.) Breaking or crumbling readily in the mouth; crisp; as, short pastry.

Short (superl.) Brittle.

Short (superl.) Engaging or engaged to deliver what is not possessed; as, short contracts; to be short of stock. See The shorts, under Short, n., and To sell short, under Short, adv.

Short (adv.) Not prolonged, or relatively less prolonged, in utterance; -- opposed to long, and applied to vowels or to syllables. In English, the long and short of the same letter are not, in most cases, the long and short of the same sound; thus, the i in ill is the short sound, not of i in isle, but of ee in eel, and the e in pet is the short sound of a in pate, etc. See Quantity, and Guide to Pronunciation, //22, 30.

Short (n.) A summary account.

Short (n.) The part of milled grain sifted out which is next finer than the bran.

Short (n.) Short, inferior hemp.

Short (n.) Breeches; shortclothes.

Short (n.) A short sound, syllable, or vowel.

Short (adv.) In a short manner; briefly; limitedly; abruptly; quickly; as, to stop short in one's course; to turn short.

Short (v. t.) To shorten.

Short (v. i.) To fail; to decrease.

Shortage (n.) Amount or extent of deficiency, as determined by some requirement or standard; as, a shortage in money accounts.

Short-breathed (a.) Having short-breath, or quick respiration.

Short-breathed (a.) Having short life.

Shortcake (n.) An unsweetened breakfast cake shortened with butter or lard, rolled thin, and baked.

Short circuit () A circuit formed or closed by a conductor of relatively low resistance because shorter or of relatively great conductivity.

Short-circuited (imp. & p. p.) of Short-circuit

Short-circuiting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Short-circuit

Short-circuit (v. t.) To join, as the electrodes of a battery or dynamo or any two points of a circuit, by a conductor of low resistance.

Shortclothes (n.) Coverings for the legs of men or boys, consisting of trousers which reach only to the knees, -- worn with long stockings.

Shortcoming (n.) The act of falling, or coming short

Shortcoming (n.) The failure of a crop, or the like.

Shortcoming (n.) Neglect of, or failure in, performance of duty.

Short-dated (a.) Having little time to run from the date.

Shortened / (imp. & p. p.) of Shorten

Shortening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shorten

Shorten (a.) To make short or shorter in measure, extent, or time; as, to shorten distance; to shorten a road; to shorten days of calamity.

Shorten (a.) To reduce or diminish in amount, quantity, or extent; to lessen; to abridge; to curtail; to contract; as, to shorten work, an allowance of food, etc.

Shorten (a.) To make deficient (as to); to deprive; -- with of.

Shorten (a.) To make short or friable, as pastry, with butter, lard, pot liquor, or the like.

Shorten (v. i.) To become short or shorter; as, the day shortens in northern latitudes from June to December; a metallic rod shortens by cold.

Shortener (n.) One who, or that which, shortens.

Shortening (n.) The act of making or becoming short or shorter.

Shortening (n.) That which renders pastry short or friable, as butter, lard, etc.

Shorthand (n.) A compendious and rapid method or writing by substituting characters, abbreviations, or symbols, for letters, words, etc.; short writing; stenography. See Illust. under Phonography.

Short-handed (a.) Short of, or lacking the regular number of, servants or helpers.

Shorthead (n.) A sucking whale less than one year old; -- so called by sailors.

Shorthorn (a.) One of a breed of large, heavy domestic cattle having short horns. The breed was developed in England.

Short-jointed (a.) Having short intervals between the joints; -- said of a plant or an animal, especially of a horse whose pastern is too short.

Short-lived (a.) Not living or lasting long; being of short continuance; as, a short-lived race of beings; short-lived pleasure; short-lived passion.

Shortly (adv.) In a short or brief time or manner; soon; quickly.

Shortly (adv.) In few words; briefly; abruptly; curtly; as, to express ideas more shortly in verse than in prose.

Shortness (n.) The quality or state of being short; want of reach or extension; brevity; deficiency; as, the shortness of a journey; the shortness of the days in winter; the shortness of an essay; the shortness of the memory; a shortness of provisions; shortness of breath.

Shortsighted (a.) Not able to see far; nearsighted; myopic. See Myopic, and Myopia.

Shortsighted (a.) Fig.: Not able to look far into futurity; unable to understand things deep; of limited intellect.

Shortsighted (a.) Having little regard for the future; heedless.

Short-spoken (a.) Speaking in a quick or short manner; hence, gruff; curt.

Shortstop (n.) The player stationed in the field bewtween the second and third bases.

Short-waisted (a.) Having a short waist.

Short-winded (a.) Affected with shortness of breath; having a quick, difficult respiration, as dyspnoic and asthmatic persons.

Shortwing (n.) Any one of several species of small wrenlike Asiatic birds having short wings and a short tail. They belong to Brachypterix, Callene, and allied genera.

Short-wited (a.) Having little wit; not wise; having scanty intellect or judgment.

Shory (a.) Lying near the shore.

Shoshones (n. pl.) A linguistic family or stock of North American Indians, comprising many tribes, which extends from Montana and Idaho into Mexico. In a restricted sense the name is applied especially to the Snakes, the most northern of the tribes.

Shot () imp. & p. p. of Shoot.

Shot (a.) Woven in such a way as to produce an effect of variegation, of changeable tints, or of being figured; as, shot silks. See Shoot, v. t., 8.

Shot (v. t.) A share or proportion; a reckoning; a scot.

Shot (pl. ) of Shot

Shots (pl. ) of Shot

Shot (n.) The act of shooting; discharge of a firearm or other weapon which throws a missile.

Shot (n.) A missile weapon, particularly a ball or bullet; specifically, whatever is discharged as a projectile from firearms or cannon by the force of an explosive.

Shot (n.) Small globular masses of lead, of various sizes, -- used chiefly for killing game; as, bird shot; buckshot.

Shot (n.) The flight of a missile, or the distance which it is, or can be, thrown; as, the vessel was distant more than a cannon shot.

Shot (n.) A marksman; one who practices shooting; as, an exellent shot.

Shotted (imp. & p. p.) of Shot

Shotting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shot

Shot (v. t.) To load with shot, as a gun.

Shot-clog (n.) A person tolerated only because he pays the shot, or reckoning, for the rest of the company, otherwise a mere clog on them.

Shote (v. t.) A fish resembling the trout.

Shote (v. t.) A young hog; a shoat.

Shot-free (a.) Not to be injured by shot; shot-proof.

Shot-free (a.) Free from charge or expense; hence, unpunished; scot-free.

Shotgun (n.) A light, smooth-bored gun, often double-barreled, especially designed for firing small shot at short range, and killing small game.

Shot-proof (a.) Impenetrable by shot.

Shots (n. pl.) The refuse of cattle taken from a drove.

Shotted (a.) Loaded with shot.

Shotted (a.) Having a shot attached; as, a shotten suture.

Shotten (n.) Having ejected the spawn; as, a shotten herring.

Shotten (n.) Shot out of its socket; dislocated, as a bone.

Shough (n.) A shockdog.

Shough (interj.) See Shoo.

Should (imp.) Used as an auxiliary verb, to express a conditional or contingent act or state, or as a supposition of an actual fact; also, to express moral obligation (see Shall); e. g.: they should have come last week; if I should go; I should think you could go.

Shoulder (n.) The joint, or the region of the joint, by which the fore limb is connected with the body or with the shoulder girdle; the projection formed by the bones and muscles about that joint.

Shoulder (n.) The flesh and muscles connected with the shoulder joint; the upper part of the back; that part of the human frame on which it is most easy to carry a heavy burden; -- often used in the plural.

Shoulder (n.) Fig.: That which supports or sustains; support.

Shoulder (n.) That which resembles a human shoulder, as any protuberance or projection from the body of a thing.

Shoulder (n.) The upper joint of the fore leg and adjacent parts of an animal, dressed for market; as, a shoulder of mutton.

Shoulder (n.) The angle of a bastion included between the face and flank. See Illust. of Bastion.

Shoulder (n.) An abrupt projection which forms an abutment on an object, or limits motion, etc., as the projection around a tenon at the end of a piece of timber, the part of the top of a type which projects beyond the base of the raised character, etc.

Shouldered (imp. & p. p.) of Shoulder

Shouldering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shoulder

Shoulder (v. t.) To push or thrust with the shoulder; to push with violence; to jostle.

Shoulder (v. t.) To take upon the shoulder or shoulders; as, to shoulder a basket; hence, to assume the burden or responsibility of; as, to shoulder blame; to shoulder a debt.

Shouldered (a.) Having shoulders; -- used in composition; as, a broad-shouldered man.

Shoulder-shotten (a.) Sprained in the shoulder, as a horse.

Shouted (imp. & p. p.) of Shout

Shouting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shout

Shout (v. i.) To utter a sudden and loud outcry, as in joy, triumph, or exultation, or to attract attention, to animate soldiers, etc.

Shout (v. t.) To utter with a shout; to cry; -- sometimes with out; as, to shout, or to shout out, a man's name.

Shout (v. t.) To treat with shouts or clamor.

Shout (n.) A loud burst of voice or voices; a vehement and sudden outcry, especially of a multitudes expressing joy, triumph, exultation, or animated courage.

Shouter (n.) One who shouts.

Shoved (imp. & p. p.) of Shove

Shoving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shove

Shove (v. t.) To drive along by the direct and continuous application of strength; to push; especially, to push (a body) so as to make it move along the surface of another body; as, to shove a boat on the water; to shove a table across the floor.

Shove (v. t.) To push along, aside, or away, in a careless or rude manner; to jostle.

Shove (v. i.) To push or drive forward; to move onward by pushing or jostling.

Shove (v. i.) To move off or along by an act pushing, as with an oar a pole used by one in a boat; sometimes with off.

Shove (n.) The act of shoving; a forcible push.

Shove () p. p. of Shove.

Shoveboard (n.) Alt. of Shovegroat

Shovegroat (n.) The same as Shovelboard.

Shovel (v. t.) An implement consisting of a broad scoop, or more or less hollow blade, with a handle, used for lifting and throwing earth, coal, grain, or other loose substances.

Shoveled (imp. & p. p.) of Shovel

Shovelled () of Shovel

Shoveling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shovel

Shovelling () of Shovel

Shovel (v. t.) To take up and throw with a shovel; as, to shovel earth into a heap, or into a cart, or out of a pit.

Shovel (v. t.) To gather up as with a shovel.

Shovelard (n.) Shoveler.

Shovelbill (n.) The shoveler.

Shovelboard (n.) A board on which a game is played, by pushing or driving pieces of metal or money to reach certain marks; also, the game itself. Called also shuffleboard, shoveboard, shovegroat, shovelpenny.

Shovelboard (n.) A game played on board ship in which the aim is to shove or drive with a cue wooden disks into divisions chalked on the deck; -- called also shuffleboard.

Shoveler (n.) One who, or that which, shovels.

Shoveler (n.) A river duck (Spatula clypeata), native of Europe and America. It has a large bill, broadest towards the tip. The male is handsomely variegated with green, blue, brown, black, and white on the body; the head and neck are dark green. Called also broadbill, spoonbill, shovelbill, and maiden duck. The Australian shoveler, or shovel-nosed duck (S. rhynchotis), is a similar species.

Shovelfuls (pl. ) of Shovelful

Shovelful (n.) As much as a shovel will hold; enough to fill a shovel.

Shovelhead (n.) A shark (Sphryna tiburio) allied to the hammerhead, and native of the warmer parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans; -- called also bonnet shark.

Shovelnose (n.) The common sand shark. See under Snad.

Shovelnose (n.) A small California shark (Heptranchias maculatus), which is taken for its oil.

Shovelnose (n.) A Pacific Ocean shark (Hexanchus corinus).

Shovelnose (n.) A ganoid fish of the Sturgeon family (Scaphirhynchus platyrhynchus) of the Mississippi and Ohio rivers; -- called also white sturgeon.

Shovel-nosed (a.) Having a broad, flat nose; as, the shovel-nosed duck, or shoveler.

Shoven () p. p. of Shove.

Showed (imp.) of Show

Shown (p. p.) of Show

Showed () of Show

Showing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Show

Show (v. t.) To exhibit or present to view; to place in sight; to display; -- the thing exhibited being the object, and often with an indirect object denoting the person or thing seeing or beholding; as, to show a house; show your colors; shopkeepers show customers goods (show goods to customers).

Show (v. t.) To exhibit to the mental view; to tell; to disclose; to reveal; to make known; as, to show one's designs.

Show (v. t.) Specifically, to make known the way to (a person); hence, to direct; to guide; to asher; to conduct; as, to show a person into a parlor; to show one to the door.

Show (v. t.) To make apparent or clear, as by evidence, testimony, or reasoning; to prove; to explain; also, to manifest; to evince; as, to show the truth of a statement; to show the causes of an event.

Show (v. t.) To bestow; to confer; to afford; as, to show favor.

Show (v. i.) To exhibit or manifest one's self or itself; to appear; to look; to be in appearance; to seem.

Show (v. i.) To have a certain appearance, as well or ill, fit or unfit; to become or suit; to appear.

Show (n.) The act of showing, or bringing to view; exposure to sight; exhibition.

Show (n.) That which os shown, or brought to view; that which is arranged to be seen; a spectacle; an exhibition; as, a traveling show; a cattle show.

Show (n.) Proud or ostentatious display; parade; pomp.

Show (n.) Semblance; likeness; appearance.

Show (n.) False semblance; deceitful appearance; pretense.

Show (n.) A discharge, from the vagina, of mucus streaked with blood, occuring a short time before labor.

Show (n.) A pale blue flame, at the top of a candle flame, indicating the presence of fire damp.

Showbread (n.) Bread of exhibition; loaves to set before God; -- the term used in translating the various phrases used in the Hebrew and Greek to designate the loaves of bread which the priest of the week placed before the Lord on the golden table in the sanctuary. They were made of fine flour unleavened, and were changed every Sabbath. The loaves, twelve in number, represented the twelve tribes of Israel. They were to be eaten by the priests only, and in the Holy Place.

Shower (n.) One who shows or exhibits.

Shower (n.) That which shows; a mirror.

Shower (n.) A fall or rain or hail of short duration; sometimes, but rarely, a like fall of snow.

Shower (n.) That which resembles a shower in falling or passing through the air copiously and rapidly.

Shower (n.) A copious supply bestowed.

Showered (imp. & p. p.) of Shower

Showering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shower

Shower (v. t.) To water with a shower; to //t copiously with rain.

Shower (v. t.) To bestow liberally; to destribute or scatter in /undance; to rain.

Shower (v. i.) To rain in showers; to fall, as in a hower or showers.

Showerful (a.) Full of showers.

Showeriness (n.) Quality of being showery.

Showerless (a.) Rainless; freo from showers.

Showery (a.) Raining in showers; abounding with frequent showers of rain.

Showery (a.) Of or pertaining to a shower or showers.

Showily (adv.) In a showy manner; pompously; with parade.

Showiness (n.) The quality or state of being showy; pompousness; great parade; ostentation.

Showing (n.) Appearance; display; exhibition.

Showing (n.) Presentation of facts; statement.

Showish (a.) Showy; ostentatious.

Showmen (pl. ) of Showman

Showman (n.) One who exhibits a show; a proprietor of a show.

Shown () p. p. of Show.

Showroom (n.) A room or apartment where a show is exhibited.

Showroom (n.) A room where merchandise is exposed for sale, or where samples are displayed.

Showy (a.) Making a show; attracting attention; presenting a marked appearance; ostentatious; gay; gaudy.

Shrag (n.) A twig of a tree cut off.

Shrag (v. t.) To trim, as trees; to lop.

Shragger (n.) One who lops; one who trims trees.

Shram (v. t.) To cause to shrink or shrivel with cold; to benumb.

Shrank () imp. of Shrink.

Shrap (n.) Alt. of Shrape

Shrape (n.) A place baited with chaff to entice birds.

Shrapnel (a.) Applied as an appellation to a kind of shell invented by Gen. H. Shrapnel of the British army.

Shrapnel (n.) A shrapnel shell; shrapnel shells, collectively.

Shred (n.) A long, narrow piece cut or torn off; a strip.

Shred (n.) In general, a fragment; a piece; a particle.

Shred (imp. & p. p.) of Shred

Shredded () of Shred

Shredding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shred

Shred (n.) To cut or tear into small pieces, particularly narrow and long pieces, as of cloth or leather.

Shred (n.) To lop; to prune; to trim.

Shredcook (n.) The fieldfare; -- so called from its harsh cry before rain.

Shredding (n.) The act of cutting or tearing into shreds.

Shredding (n.) That which is cut or torn off; a piece.

Shreddy (a.) Consisting of shreds.

Shredless (a.) Having no shreds; without a shred.

Shrew (a.) Wicked; malicious.

Shrew (a.) Originally, a brawling, turbulent, vexatious person of either sex, but now restricted in use to females; a brawler; a scold.

Shrew (a.) Any small insectivore of the genus Sorex and several allied genera of the family Sorecidae. In form and color they resemble mice, but they have a longer and more pointed nose. Some of them are the smallest of all mammals.

Shrew (a.) To beshrew; to curse.

Shrewd (superl.) Inclining to shrew; disposing to curse or scold; hence, vicious; malicious; evil; wicked; mischievous; vexatious; rough; unfair; shrewish.

Shrewd (superl.) Artful; wily; cunning; arch.

Shrewd (superl.) Able or clever in practical affairs; sharp in business; astute; sharp-witted; sagacious; keen; as, a shrewd observer; a shrewd design; a shrewd reply.

Shrewish (a.) having the qualities of a shrew; having a scolding disposition; froward; peevish.

Shrewmouse (n.) A shrew; especially, the erd shrew.

Shrieked (imp. & p. p.) of Shriek

Shrieking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shriek

Shriek (v. i.) To utter a loud, sharp, shrill sound or cry, as do some birds and beasts; to scream, as in a sudden fright, in horror or anguish.

Shriek (v. t.) To utter sharply and shrilly; to utter in or with a shriek or shrieks.

Shriek (n.) A sharp, shrill outcry or scream; a shrill wild cry such as is caused by sudden or extreme terror, pain, or the like.

Shrieker (n.) One who utters a shriek.

Shrieval (a.) Of or pertaining to a sheriff.

Shrievalty (n.) The office, or sphere of jurisdiction, of a sheriff; sheriffalty.

Shrieve (n.) A sheriff.

Shrieve (v. t.) To shrive; to question.

Shrift (n.) The act of shriving.

Shrift (n.) Confession made to a priest, and the absolution consequent upon it.

Shright () imp. & p. p. of Shriek.

Shright (n.) A shriek; shrieking.

Shrike (v. i.) Any one of numerous species of oscinine birds of the family Laniidae, having a strong hooked bill, toothed at the tip. Most shrikes are insectivorous, but the common European gray shrike (Lanius excubitor), the great northern shrike (L. borealis), and several others, kill mice, small birds, etc., and often impale them on thorns, and are, on that account called also butcher birds. See under Butcher.

Shrill (v. i.) Acute; sharp; piercing; having or emitting a sharp, piercing tone or sound; -- said of a sound, or of that which produces a sound.

Shrill (n.) A shrill sound.

Shrilled (imp. & p. p.) of Shrill

Shrilling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shrill

Shrill (v. i.) To utter an acute, piercing sound; to sound with a sharp, shrill tone; to become shrill.

Shrill (v. t.) To utter or express in a shrill tone; to cause to make a shrill sound.

Shrill-gorged (a.) Having a throat which produces a shrill note.

Shrillness (n.) The quality or state of being shrill.

Shrill-tongued (a.) Having a shrill voice.

Shrilly (adv.) In a shrill manner; acutely; with a sharp sound or voice.

Shrilly (a.) Somewhat shrill.

Shrimp (v. t.) To contract; to shrink.

Shrimp (v.) Any one of numerous species of macruran Crustacea belonging to Crangon and various allied genera, having a slender body and long legs. Many of them are used as food. The larger kinds are called also prawns. See Illust. of Decapoda.

Shrimp (v.) In a more general sense, any species of the macruran tribe Caridea, or any species of the order Schizopoda, having a similar form.

Shrimp (v.) In a loose sense, any small crustacean, including some amphipods and even certain entomostracans; as, the fairy shrimp, and brine shrimp. See under Fairy, and Brine.

Shrimp (v.) Figuratively, a little wrinkled man; a dwarf; -- in contempt.

Shrimper (n.) One who fishes for shrimps.

Shrine (n.) A case, box, or receptacle, especially one in which are deposited sacred relics, as the bones of a saint.

Shrine (n.) Any sacred place, as an altar, tromb, or the like.

Shrine (n.) A place or object hallowed from its history or associations; as, a shrine of art.

Shrine (v. t.) To enshrine; to place reverently, as in a shrine.

Shrank (imp.) of Shrink

Shrunk () of Shrink

Shrunk (p. p.) of Shrink

Shrunken () of Shrink

Shrinking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shrink

Shrink (v. i.) To wrinkle, bend, or curl; to shrivel; hence, to contract into a less extent or compass; to gather together; to become compacted.

Shrink (v. i.) To withdraw or retire, as from danger; to decline action from fear; to recoil, as in fear, horror, or distress.

Shrink (v. i.) To express fear, horror, or pain by contracting the body, or part of it; to shudder; to quake.

Shrink (v. t.) To cause to contract or shrink; as, to shrink finnel by imersing it in boiling water.

Shrink (v. t.) To draw back; to withdraw.

Shrink (n.) The act shrinking; shrinkage; contraction; also, recoil; withdrawal.

Shrinkage (n.) The act of shrinking; a contraction into less bulk or measurement.

Shrinkage (n.) The amount of such contraction; the bulk or dimension lost by shrinking, as of grain, castings, etc.

Shrinkage (n.) Decrease in value; depreciation.

Shrinker (n.) One who shrinks; one who withdraws from danger.

Shrinking () a. & n. from Shrink.

Shrinkingly (adv.) In a shrinking manner.

Shrivalty (n.) Shrievalty.

Shrived (imp.) of Shrive

Shrove () of Shrive

Shriven (p. p.) of Shrive

Shrived () of Shrive

Shriving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shrive

Shrive (v. t.) To hear or receive the confession of; to administer confession and absolution to; -- said of a priest as the agent.

Shrive (v. t.) To confess, and receive absolution; -- used reflexively.

Shrive (v. i.) To receive confessions, as a priest; to administer confession and absolution.

Shriveled (imp. & p. p.) of Shrivel

Shrivelled () of Shrivel

Shriveling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shrivel

Shrivelling () of Shrivel

Shrivel (v. i.) To draw, or be drawn, into wrinkles; to shrink, and form corrugations; as, a leaf shriveles in the hot sun; the skin shrivels with age; -- often with up.

Shrivel (v. t.) To cause to shrivel or contract; to cause to shrink onto corruptions.

Shriven () p. p. of Shrive.

Shriver (n.) One who shrives; a confessor.

Shriving (n.) Shrift; confession.

Shroff (n.) A banker, or changer of money.

Shroffage (n.) The examination of coins, and the separation of the good from the debased.

Shrood (v. t.) To trim; to lop.

Shroud (n.) That which clothes, covers, conceals, or protects; a garment.

Shroud (n.) Especially, the dress for the dead; a winding sheet.

Shroud (n.) That which covers or shelters like a shroud.

Shroud (n.) A covered place used as a retreat or shelter, as a cave or den; also, a vault or crypt.

Shroud (n.) The branching top of a tree; foliage.

Shroud (n.) A set of ropes serving as stays to support the masts. The lower shrouds are secured to the sides of vessels by heavy iron bolts and are passed around the head of the lower masts.

Shroud (n.) One of the two annular plates at the periphery of a water wheel, which form the sides of the buckets; a shroud plate.

Shrouded (imp. & p. p.) of Shroud

Shrouding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shroud

Shroud (n.) To cover with a shroud; especially, to inclose in a winding sheet; to dress for the grave.

Shroud (n.) To cover, as with a shroud; to protect completely; to cover so as to conceal; to hide; to veil.

Shroud (v. i.) To take shelter or harbor.

Shroud (v. t.) To lop. See Shrood.

Shrouded (a.) Provided with a shroud or shrouds.

Shrouding (n.) The shrouds. See Shroud, n., 7.

Shroud-laid (a.) Composed of four strands, and laid right-handed with a heart, or center; -- said of rope. See Illust. under Cordage.

Shroudless (a.) Without a shroud.

Shroudy (a.) Affording shelter.

Shrove () imp. of Shrive.

Shrove (v. i.) To join in the festivities of Shrovetide; hence, to make merry.

Shrovetide (n.) The days immediately preceding Ash Widnesday, especially the period between the evening before Quinguagesima Sunday and the morning of Ash Wednesday.

Shroving (n.) The festivity of Shrovetide.

Shrow (n.) A shrew.

Shrowd (v. t.) See Shrood.

Shrub (n.) A liquor composed of vegetable acid, especially lemon juice, and sugar, with spirit to preserve it.

Shrub (n.) A woody plant of less size than a tree, and usually with several stems from the same root.

Shrub (v. t.) To lop; to prune.

Shrubberies (pl. ) of Shrubbery

Shrubbery (n.) A collection of shrubs.

Shrubbery (n.) A place where shrubs are planted.

Shrubbiness (n.) Quality of being shrubby.

Shrubby (superl.) Full of shrubs.

Shrubby (superl.) Of the nature of a shrub; resembling a shrub.

Shrubless (a.) having no shrubs.

Shruff (n.) Rubbish. Specifically: (a) Dross or refuse of metals. [Obs.] (b) Light, dry wood, or stuff used for fuel.

Shrugged (imp. & p. p.) of Shrug

Shrugging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shrug

Shrug (v. t.) To draw up or contract (the shoulders), especially by way of expressing dislike, dread, doubt, or the like.

Shrug (v. i.) To raise or draw up the shoulders, as in expressing dislike, dread, doubt, or the like.

Shrug (n.) A drawing up of the shoulders, -- a motion usually expressing dislike, dread, or doubt.

Shrunken () p. p. & a. from Shrink.

Shuck (n.) A shock of grain.

Shuck (n.) A shell, husk, or pod; especially, the outer covering of such nuts as the hickory nut, butternut, peanut, and chestnut.

Shuck (n.) The shell of an oyster or clam.

Shucked (imp. & p. p.) of Shuck

Shucking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shuck

Shuck (v. t.) To deprive of the shucks or husks; as, to shuck walnuts, Indian corn, oysters, etc.

Shucker (n.) One who shucks oysters or clams

Shuddered (imp. & p. p.) of Shudder

Shuddering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shudder

Shudder (v. i.) To tremble or shake with fear, horrer, or aversion; to shiver with cold; to quake.

Shudder (n.) The act of shuddering, as with fear.

Shudderingly (adv.) In a shuddering manner.

Shude (n.) The husks and other refuse of rice mills, used to adulterate oil cake, or linseed cake.

Shuffled (imp. & p. p.) of Shuffle

Shuffling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shuffle

Shuffle (v. t.) To shove one way and the other; to push from one to another; as, to shuffle money from hand to hand.

Shuffle (v. t.) To mix by pushing or shoving; to confuse; to throw into disorder; especially, to change the relative positions of, as of the cards in a pack.

Shuffle (v. t.) To remove or introduce by artificial confusion.

Shuffle (v. i.) To change the relative position of cards in a pack; as, to shuffle and cut.

Shuffle (v. i.) To change one's position; to shift ground; to evade questions; to resort to equivocation; to prevaricate.

Shuffle (v. i.) To use arts or expedients; to make shift.

Shuffle (v. i.) To move in a slovenly, dragging manner; to drag or scrape the feet in walking or dancing.

Shuffle (n.) The act of shuffling; a mixing confusedly; a slovenly, dragging motion.

Shuffle (n.) A trick; an artifice; an evasion.

Shuffleboard (n.) See Shovelboard.

Shufflecap (n.) A play performed by shaking money in a hat or cap.

Shuffler (n.) One who shuffles.

Shuffler (n.) Either one of the three common American scaup ducks. See Scaup duck, under Scaup.

Shufflewing (n.) The hedg sparrow.

Shuffling (a.) Moving with a dragging, scraping step.

Shuffling (a.) Evasive; as, a shuffling excuse.

Shuffling (v.) In a shuffling manner.

Shug (v. i.) To writhe the body so as to produce friction against one's clothes, as do those who have the itch.

Shug (v. i.) Hence, to crawl; to sneak.

Shumac (n.) Sumac.

Shunned (imp. & p. p.) of Shun

Shunning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shun

Shun (v. t.) To avoid; to keep clear of; to get out of the way of; to escape from; to eschew; as, to shun rocks, shoals, vice.

Shunless (a.) Not to be shunned; inevitable; unavoidable.

Shunted (imp. & p. p.) of Shunt

Shunting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shunt

Shunt (v. t.) To shun; to move from.

Shunt (v. t.) To cause to move suddenly; to give a sudden start to; to shove.

Shunt (v. t.) To turn off to one side; especially, to turn off, as a grain or a car upon a side track; to switch off; to shift.

Shunt (v. t.) To provide with a shunt; as, to shunt a galvanometer.

Shunt (v. i.) To go aside; to turn off.

Shunt (v. t.) A turning off to a side or short track, that the principal track may be left free.

Shunt (v. t.) A conducting circuit joining two points in a conductor, or the terminals of a galvanometer or dynamo, so as to form a parallel or derived circuit through which a portion of the current may pass, for the purpose of regulating the amount passing in the main circuit.

Shunt (v. t.) The shifting of the studs on a projectile from the deep to the shallow sides of the grooves in its discharge from a shunt gun.

Shunter (n.) A person employed to shunt cars from one track to another.

Shut (imp. & p. p.) of Shut

Shutting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shut

Shut (v. t.) To close so as to hinder ingress or egress; as, to shut a door or a gate; to shut one's eyes or mouth.

Shut (v. t.) To forbid entrance into; to prohibit; to bar; as, to shut the ports of a country by a blockade.

Shut (v. t.) To preclude; to exclude; to bar out.

Shut (v. t.) To fold together; to close over, as the fingers; to close by bringing the parts together; as, to shut the hand; to shut a book.

Shut (v. i.) To close itself; to become closed; as, the door shuts; it shuts hard.

Shut (a.) Closed or fastened; as, a shut door.

Shut (a.) Rid; clear; free; as, to get shut of a person.

Shut (a.) Formed by complete closure of the mouth passage, and with the nose passage remaining closed; stopped, as are the mute consonants, p, t, k, b, d, and hard g.

Shut (a.) Cut off sharply and abruptly by a following consonant in the same syllable, as the English short vowels, /, /, /, /, /, always are.

Shut (n.) The act or time of shutting; close; as, the shut of a door.

Shut (n.) A door or cover; a shutter.

Shut (n.) The line or place where two pieces of metal are united by welding.

Shute (n.) Same as Chute, or Shoot.

Shutter (n.) One who shuts or closes.

Shutter (n.) A movable cover or screen for a window, designed to shut out the light, to obstruct the view, or to be of some strength as a defense; a blind.

Shutter (n.) A removable cover, or a gate, for closing an aperture of any kind, as for closing the passageway for molten iron from a ladle.

Shuttered (a.) Furnished with shutters.

Shuttle (n.) An instrument used in weaving for passing or shooting the thread of the woof from one side of the cloth to the other between the threads of the warp.

Shuttle (n.) The sliding thread holder in a sewing machine, which carries the lower thread through a loop of the upper thread, to make a lock stitch.

Shuttle (n.) A shutter, as for a channel for molten metal.

Shuttle (v. i.) To move backwards and forwards, like a shuttle.

Shuttlecock (n.) A cork stuck with feathers, which is to be struck by a battledoor in play; also, the play itself.

Shuttlecock (v. t.) To send or toss to and fro; to bandy; as, to shuttlecock words.

Shuttlecork (n.) See Shuttlecock.

Shuttlewise (adv.) Back and forth, like the movement of a shuttle.

Shwan-pan (n.) See Schwan-pan.

Shy (superl.) Easily frightened; timid; as, a shy bird.

Shy (superl.) Reserved; coy; disinclined to familiar approach.

Shy (superl.) Cautious; wary; suspicious.

Shied (imp. & p. p.) of Shy

Shying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shy

Shy (a.) To start suddenly aside through fright or suspicion; -- said especially of horses.

Shy (v. t.) To throw sidewise with a jerk; to fling; as, to shy a stone; to shy a slipper.

Shy (n.) A sudden start aside, as by a horse.

Shy (n.) A side throw; a throw; a fling.

Shyly (adv.) In a shy or timid manner; not familiarly; with reserve.

Shyness (n.) The quality or state of being shy.

Shyster (n.) A trickish knave; one who carries on any business, especially legal business, in a mean and dishonest way.

Th () In Old English, the article the, when the following word began with a vowel, was often written with elision as if a part of the word. Thus in Chaucer, the forms thabsence, tharray, thegle, thend, thingot, etc., are found for the absence, the array, the eagle, the end, etc.

Thack () Alt. of Thacker

Thacker () See Thatch, Thatcher.

Thak (v. t.) To thwack.

Thalamencephalon (n.) The segment of the brain next in front of the midbrain, including the thalami, pineal gland, and pituitary body; the diencephalon; the interbrain.

Thalamic (a.) Of or pertaining to a thalamus or to thalami.

Thalamifloral (a.) Alt. of Thalamiflorous

Thalamiflorous (a.) Bearing the stamens directly on the receptacle; -- said of a subclass of polypetalous dicotyledonous plants in the system of De Candolle.

Thalamocoele (n.) The cavity or ventricle of the thalamencephalon; the third ventricle.

Thalamophora (n. pl.) Same as Foraminifera.

Thalami (pl. ) of Thalamus

Thalamus (n.) A mass of nervous matter on either side of the third ventricle of the brain; -- called also optic thalamus.

Thalamus (n.) Same as Thallus.

Thalamus (n.) The receptacle of a flower; a torus.

Thalassian (n.) Any sea tortoise.

Thalassic (a.) Of or pertaining to the sea; -- sometimes applied to rocks formed from sediments deposited upon the sea bottom.

Thalassinian (n.) Any species of Thalaassinidae, a family of burrowing macrurous Crustacea, having a long and soft abdomen.

Thalassography (n.) The study or science of the life of marine organisms.

Thaler (n.) A German silver coin worth about three shillings sterling, or about 73 cents.

Thalia (n.) That one of the nine Muses who presided over comedy.

Thalia (n.) One of the three Graces.

Thalia (n.) One of the Nereids.

Thaliacea (n. pl.) A division of Tunicata comprising the free-swimming species, such as Salpa and Doliolum.

Thalian (a.) Of or pertaining to Thalia; hence, of or pertaining to comedy; comic.

Thallate (n.) A salt of a hypothetical thallic acid.

Thallene (n.) A hydrocarbon obtained from coal-tar residues, and remarkable for its intense yellowish green fluorescence.

Thallic (a.) Of or pertaining to thallium; derived from, or containing, thallium; specifically, designating those compounds in which the element has a higher valence as contrasted with the thallous compounds; as, thallic oxide.

Thalline (a.) Consisting of a thallus.

Thalline (n.) An artificial alkaloid of the quinoline series, obtained as a white crystalline substance, C10H13NO, whose salts are valuable as antipyretics; -- so called from the green color produced in its solution by certain oxidizing agents.

Thallious (a.) See Thallous.

Thallium (n.) A rare metallic element of the aluminium group found in some minerals, as certain pyrites, and also in the lead-chamber deposit in the manufacture of sulphuric acid. It is isolated as a heavy, soft, bluish white metal, easily oxidized in moist air, but preserved by keeping under water. Symbol Tl. Atomic weight 203.7.

Thallogen (n.) One of a large class or division of the vegetable kingdom, which includes those flowerless plants, such as fungi, algae, and lichens, that consist of a thallus only, composed of cellular tissue, or of a congeries of cells, or even of separate cells, and never show a distinction into root, stem, and leaf.

Thalloid (a.) Resembling, or consisting of, thallus.

Thallophyte (n.) Same as Thallogen.

Thallous (a.) Of or pertaining to thallium; derived from, or containing, thallium; specifically, designating those compounds in which the element has a lower valence as contrasted with the thallic compounds.

Thalli (pl. ) of Thallus

Thallus (n.) A solid mass of cellular tissue, consisting of one or more layers, usually in the form of a flat stratum or expansion, but sometimes erect or pendulous, and elongated and branching, and forming the substance of the thallogens.

Thammuz (n.) Alt. of Tammuz

Tammuz (n.) A deity among the ancient Syrians, in honor of whom the Hebrew idolatresses held an annual lamentation. This deity has been conjectured to be the same with the Phoenician Adon, or Adonis.

Tammuz (n.) The fourth month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, -- supposed to correspond nearly with our month of July.

Thamnophile (n.) A bush shrike.

Thamyn (n.) An Asiatic deer (Rucervus Eldi) resembling the swamp deer; -- called also Eld's deer.

Than (conj.) A particle expressing comparison, used after certain adjectives and adverbs which express comparison or diversity, as more, better, other, otherwise, and the like. It is usually followed by the object compared in the nominative case. Sometimes, however, the object compared is placed in the objective case, and than is then considered by some grammarians as a preposition. Sometimes the object is expressed in a sentence, usually introduced by that; as, I would rather suffer than that you should want.

Than (adv.) Then. See Then.

Thanage (n.) The district in which a thane anciently had jurisdiction; thanedom.

Thanatoid (a.) Deathlike; resembling death.

Thanatology (n.) A description, or the doctrine, of death.

Thanatopsis (n.) A view of death; a meditation on the subject of death.

Thane (n.) A dignitary under the Anglo-Saxons and Danes in England. Of these there were two orders, the king's thanes, who attended the kings in their courts and held lands immediately of them, and the ordinary thanes, who were lords of manors and who had particular jurisdiction within their limits. After the Conquest, this title was disused, and baron took its place.

Thanedom (n.) The property or jurisdiction of a thane; thanage.

Thanehood (n.) The character or dignity of a thane; also, thanes, collectively.

Thaneship (n.) The state or dignity of a thane; thanehood; also, the seignioralty of a thane.

Thanks (pl. ) of Thank

Thank (n.) A expression of gratitude; an acknowledgment expressive of a sense of favor or kindness received; obligation, claim, or desert, or gratitude; -- now generally used in the plural.

Thanked (imp. & p. p.) of Thank

Thanking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thank

Thank (n.) To express gratitude to (anyone) for a favor; to make acknowledgments to (anyone) for kindness bestowed; -- used also ironically for blame.

Thankful (a.) Obtaining or deserving thanks; thankworthy.

Thankful (a.) Impressed with a sense of kindness received, and ready to acknowledge it; grateful.

Thankless (a.) Not acknowledging favors; not expressing thankfulness; unthankful; ungrateful.

Thankless (a.) Not obtaining or deserving thanks; unacceptable; as, a thankless task.

Thankly (adv.) Thankfully.

Thanksgive (v. t.) To give or dedicate in token of thanks.

Thanksgiver (n.) One who gives thanks, or acknowledges a kindness.

Thanksgiving (n.) The act of rending thanks, or expressing gratitude for favors or mercies.

Thanksgiving (n.) A public acknowledgment or celebration of divine goodness; also, a day set apart for religious services, specially to acknowledge the goodness of God, either in any remarkable deliverance from calamities or danger, or in the ordinary dispensation of his bounties.

Thankworthiness (n.) The quality or state of being thankworthy.

Thankworthy (a.) Deserving thanks; worthy of gratitude; mreitorious.

Thar (n.) A goatlike animal (Capra Jemlaica) native of the Himalayas. It has small, flattened horns, curved directly backward. The hair of the neck, shoulders, and chest of the male is very long, reaching to the knees. Called also serow, and imo.

Thar (v. impersonal, pres.) It needs; need.

Tharms (n. pl.) Twisted guts.

Tharos (n.) A small American butterfly (Phycoides tharos) having the upper surface of the wings variegated with orange and black, the outer margins black with small white crescents; -- called also pearl crescent.

That (pron., a., conj., & adv.) As a demonstrative pronoun (pl. Those), that usually points out, or refers to, a person or thing previously mentioned, or supposed to be understood. That, as a demonstrative, may precede the noun to which it refers; as, that which he has said is true; those in the basket are good apples.

That (pron., a., conj., & adv.) As an adjective, that has the same demonstrative force as the pronoun, but is followed by a noun.

That (pron., a., conj., & adv.) As a relative pronoun, that is equivalent to who or which, serving to point out, and make definite, a person or thing spoken of, or alluded to, before, and may be either singular or plural.

That (pron., a., conj., & adv.) As a conjunction, that retains much of its force as a demonstrative pronoun.

That (pron., a., conj., & adv.) To introduce a clause employed as the object of the preceding verb, or as the subject or predicate nominative of a verb.

That (pron., a., conj., & adv.) To introduce, a reason or cause; -- equivalent to for that, in that, for the reason that, because.

That (pron., a., conj., & adv.) To introduce a purpose; -- usually followed by may, or might, and frequently preceded by so, in order, to the end, etc.

That (pron., a., conj., & adv.) To introduce a consequence, result, or effect; -- usually preceded by so or such, sometimes by that.

That (pron., a., conj., & adv.) In an elliptical sentence to introduce a dependent sentence expressing a wish, or a cause of surprise, indignation, or the like.

That (pron., a., conj., & adv.) As adverb: To such a degree; so; as, he was that frightened he could say nothing.

Thatch (n.) Straw, rushes, or the like, used for making or covering the roofs of buildings, or of stacks of hay or grain.

Thatch (n.) A name in the West Indies for several kinds of palm, the leaves of which are used for thatching.

Thatched (imp. & p. p.) of Thatch

Thatching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thatch

Thatch (n.) To cover with, or with a roof of, straw, reeds, or some similar substance; as, to thatch a roof, a stable, or a stack of grain.

Thatcher (n.) One who thatches.

Thatching (n.) The act or art of covering buildings with thatch; so as to keep out rain, snow, etc.

Thatching (n.) The materials used for this purpose; thatch.

Thaught (n.) See Thwart.

Thaumatolatry (n.) Worship or undue admiration of wonderful or miraculous things.

Thaumatrope (n.) An optical instrument or toy for showing the presistence of an impression upon the eyes after the luminous object is withdrawn.

Thaumaturge (n.) A magician; a wonder worker.

Thaumaturgic (a.) Alt. of Thaumaturgical

Thaumaturgical (a.) Of or pertaining to thaumaturgy; magical; wonderful.

Thaumaturgics (n.) Feats of legerdemain, or magical performances.

Thaumaturgist (n.) One who deals in wonders, or believes in them; a wonder worker.

Thaumaturgus (n.) A miracle worker; -- a title given by the Roman Catholics to some saints.

Thaumaturgy (n.) The act or art of performing something wonderful; magic; legerdemain.

Thave (n.) Same as Theave.

Thawed (imp. & p. p.) of Thaw

Thawing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thaw

Thaw (v. i.) To melt, dissolve, or become fluid; to soften; -- said of that which is frozen; as, the ice thaws.

Thaw (v. i.) To become so warm as to melt ice and snow; -- said in reference to the weather, and used impersonally.

Thaw (v. i.) Fig.: To grow gentle or genial.

Thaw (v. t.) To cause (frozen things, as earth, snow, ice) to melt, soften, or dissolve.

Thaw (n.) The melting of ice, snow, or other congealed matter; the resolution of ice, or the like, into the state of a fluid; liquefaction by heat of anything congealed by frost; also, a warmth of weather sufficient to melt that which is congealed.

Thawy (a.) Liquefying by heat after having been frozen; thawing; melting.

The (v. i.) See Thee.

The (definite article.) A word placed before nouns to limit or individualize their meaning.

The (adv.) By that; by how much; by so much; on that account; -- used before comparatives; as, the longer we continue in sin, the more difficult it is to reform.

Thea (n.) A genus of plants found in China and Japan; the tea plant.

Theandric (a.) Relating to, or existing by, the union of divine and human operation in Christ, or the joint agency of the divine and human nature.

Theanthropic (a.) Alt. of Theanthropical

Theanthropical (a.) Partaking of, or combining, both divinity and humanity.

Theanthropism (n.) A state of being God and man.

Theanthropism (n.) The ascription of human atributes to the Deity, or to a polytheistic deity; anthropomorphism.

Theanthropist (n.) One who advocates, or believes in, theanthropism.

Theanthropy (n.) Theanthropism.

Thearchic (a.) Divinely sovereign or supreme.

Thearchy (n.) Government by God; divine sovereignty; theocracy.

Theater (n.) Alt. of Theatre

Theatre (n.) An edifice in which dramatic performances or spectacles are exhibited for the amusement of spectators; anciently uncovered, except the stage, but in modern times roofed.

Theatre (n.) Any room adapted to the exhibition of any performances before an assembly, as public lectures, scholastic exercises, anatomical demonstrations, surgical operations, etc.

Theatre (n.) That which resembles a theater in form, use, or the like; a place rising by steps or gradations, like the seats of a theater.

Theatre (n.) A sphere or scheme of operation.

Theatre (n.) A place or region where great events are enacted; as, the theater of war.

Theatin (n.) Alt. of Theatine

Theatine (n.) One of an order of Italian monks, established in 1524, expressly to oppose Reformation, and to raise the tone of piety among Roman Catholics. They hold no property, nor do they beg, but depend on what Providence sends. Their chief employment is preaching and giving religious instruction.

Theatine (n.) One of an order of nuns founded by Ursula Benincasa, who died in 1618.

Theatral (a.) Of or pertaining to a theater; theatrical.

Theatric (a.) Theatrical.

Theatrical (a.) Of or pertaining to a theater, or to the scenic representations; resembling the manner of dramatic performers; histrionic; hence, artificial; as, theatrical performances; theatrical gestures.

Theatricals (n. pl.) Dramatic performances; especially, those produced by amateurs.

Theave (n.) A ewe lamb of the first year; also, a sheep three years old.

Thebaic (a.) Of or pertaining to Thebes in Egypt; specifically, designating a version of the Bible preserved by the Copts, and esteemed of great value by biblical scholars. This version is also called the Sahidic version.

Thebaid (n.) A Latin epic poem by Statius about Thebes in Boeotia.

Thebaine (n.) A poisonous alkaloid, C19H21NO3, found in opium in small quantities, having a sharp, astringent taste, and a tetanic action resembling that of strychnine.

Theban (a.) Of or pertaining to Thebes.

Theban (n.) A native or inhabitant of Thebes; also, a wise man.

Thecae (pl. ) of Theca

Theca (n.) A sheath; a case; as, the theca, or cell, of an anther; the theca, or spore case, of a fungus; the theca of the spinal cord.

Theca (n.) The chitinous cup which protects the hydranths of certain hydroids.

Theca (n.) The more or less cuplike calicle of a coral.

Theca (n.) The wall forming a calicle of a coral.

Thecal (a.) Of or pertaining to a theca; as, a thecal abscess.

Thecaphore (n.) A surface or organ bearing a theca, or covered with thecae.

Thecaphore (n.) See Basigynium.

Thecasporous (a.) Having the spores in thecae, or cases.

Thecata (n. pl.) Same as Thecophora.

Thecla (n.) Any one of many species of small delicately colored butterflies belonging to Thecla and allied genera; -- called also hairstreak, and elfin.

Thecodactyl (n.) Any one of a group of lizards of the Gecko tribe, having the toes broad, and furnished with a groove in which the claws can be concealed.

Thecodont (a.) Having the teeth inserted in sockets in the alveoli of the jaws.

Thecodont (a.) Of or pertaining to the thecodonts.

Thecodont (n.) One of the Thecodontia.

Thecodontia (n. pl.) A group of fossil saurians having biconcave vertebrae and the teeth implanted in sockets.

Thecophora (n. pl.) A division of hydroids comprising those which have the hydranths in thecae and the gonophores in capsules. The campanularians and sertularians are examples. Called also Thecata. See Illust. under Hydroidea.

Thecosomata (n. pl.) An order of Pteropoda comprising those species which have a shell. See Pteropoda.

Thedom (n.) Success; fortune; luck; chance.

Thee (a.) To thrive; to prosper.

Thee (pron.) The objective case of thou. See Thou.

Theft (n.) The act of stealing; specifically, the felonious taking and removing of personal property, with an intent to deprive the rightful owner of the same; larceny.

Theft (n.) The thing stolen.

Theftbote (n.) The receiving of a man's goods again from a thief, or a compensation for them, by way of composition, with the intent that the thief shall escape punishment.

Thegn (n.) Thane. See Thane.

Thegnhood (n.) Thanehood.

Theiform (a.) Having the form of tea.

Theine (n.) See Caffeine. Called also theina.

Their (pron. & a.) The possessive case of the personal pronoun they; as, their houses; their country.

Theism (n.) The belief or acknowledgment of the existence of a God, as opposed to atheism, pantheism, or polytheism.

Theist (n.) One who believes in the existence of a God; especially, one who believes in a personal God; -- opposed to atheist.

Theistic (a.) Alt. of Theistical

Theistical (a.) Of or pertaining to theism, or a theist; according to the doctrine of theists.

Thelphusian (n.) One of a tribe of fresh-water crabs which live in or on the banks of rivers in tropical countries.

Thelytokous (a.) Producing females only; -- said of certain female insects.

Them (pron.) The objective case of they. See They.

Thematic (a.) Of or pertaining to the theme of a word. See Theme, n., 4.

Thematic (n.) Of or pertaining to a theme, or subject.

Theme (n.) A subject or topic on which a person writes or speaks; a proposition for discussion or argument; a text.

Theme (n.) Discourse on a certain subject.

Theme (n.) A composition or essay required of a pupil.

Theme (n.) A noun or verb, not modified by inflections; also, that part of a noun or verb which remains unchanged (except by euphonic variations) in declension or conjugation; stem.

Theme (n.) That by means of which a thing is done; means; instrument.

Theme (n.) The leading subject of a composition or a movement.

Themis (n.) The goddess of law and order; the patroness of existing rights.

Themselves (pron.) The plural of himself, herself, and itself. See Himself, Herself, Itself.

Then (adv.) At that time (referring to a time specified, either past or future).

Then (adv.) Soon afterward, or immediately; next; afterward.

Then (adv.) At another time; later; again.

Then (conj.) Than.

Then (conj.) In that case; in consequence; as a consequence; therefore; for this reason.

Thenadays (adv.) At that time; then; in those days; -- correlative to nowadays.

Thenal (a.) Alt. of Thenar

Thenar (a.) Of or pertaining to the thenar; corresponding to thenar; palmar.

Thenar (n.) The palm of the hand.

Thenar (n.) The prominence of the palm above the base of the thumb; the thenar eminence; the ball of the thumb. Sometimes applied to the corresponding part of the foot.

Thenardite (n.) Anhydrous sodium sulphate, a mineral of a white or brown color and vitreous luster.

Thence (adv.) From that place.

Thence (adv.) From that time; thenceforth; thereafter.

Thence (adv.) For that reason; therefore.

Thence (adv.) Not there; elsewhere; absent.

Thenceforth (adv.) From that time; thereafter.

Thenceforward (adv.) From that time onward; thenceforth.

Thencefrom (adv.) From that place.

Theobroma (n.) A genus of small trees. See Cacao.

Theobromic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid extracted from cacao butter (from the Theobroma Cacao), peanut oil (from Arachis hypogaea), etc., as a white waxy crystalline substance.

Theobromine (n.) An alkaloidal ureide, C7H8N4O2, homologous with and resembling caffeine, produced artificially, and also extracted from cacao and chocolate (from Theobroma Cacao) as a bitter white crystalline substance; -- called also dimethyl xanthine.

Theochristic (a.) Anointed by God.

Theocracy (n.) Government of a state by the immediate direction or administration of God; hence, the exercise of political authority by priests as representing the Deity.

Theocracy (n.) The state thus governed, as the Hebrew commonwealth before it became a kingdom.

Theocrasy (n.) A mixture of the worship of different gods, as of Jehovah and idols.

Theocrasy (n.) An intimate union of the soul with God in contemplation, -- an ideal of the Neoplatonists and of some Oriental mystics.

Theocrat (n.) One who lives under a theocratic form of government; one who in civil affairs conforms to divine law.

Theocratic (a.) Alt. of Theocratical

Theocratical (a.) Of or pertaining to a theocracy; administred by the immediate direction of God; as, the theocratical state of the Israelites.

Theodicy (n.) A vindication of the justice of God in ordaining or permitting natural and moral evil.

Theodicy (n.) That department of philosophy which treats of the being, perfections, and government of God, and the immortality of the soul.

Theodolite (n.) An instrument used, especially in trigonometrical surveying, for the accurate measurement of horizontal angles, and also usually of vertical angles. It is variously constructed.

Theodolitic (a.) Of or pertaining to a theodolite; made by means of a theodolite; as, theodolitic observations.

Theogonic (a.) Of or relating to theogony.

Theogonism (n.) Theogony.

Theogonist (n.) A writer on theogony.

Theogony (n.) The generation or genealogy of the gods; that branch of heathen theology which deals with the origin and descent of the deities; also, a poem treating of such genealogies; as, the Theogony of Hesiod.

Theologaster (n.) A pretender or quack in theology.

Theologer (n.) A theologian.

Theologian (n.) A person well versed in theology; a professor of theology or divinity; a divine.

Theologic (a.) Theological.

Theological (a.) Of or pertaining to theology, or the science of God and of divine things; as, a theological treatise.

Theologics (n.) Theology.

Theologist (n.) A theologian.

Theologized (imp. & p. p.) of Theologize

Theologizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Theologize

Theologize (v. t.) To render theological; to apply to divinity; to reduce to a system of theology.

Theologize (v. i.) To frame a system of theology; to theorize or speculate upon theological subjects.

Theologizer (n.) One who theologizes; a theologian.

Theologue (n.) A theologian.

Theologue (n.) A student in a theological seminary.

Theologies (pl. ) of Theology

Theology (n.) The science of God or of religion; the science which treats of the existence, character, and attributes of God, his laws and government, the doctrines we are to believe, and the duties we are to practice; divinity; (as more commonly understood) "the knowledge derivable from the Scriptures, the systematic exhibition of revealed truth, the science of Christian faith and life."

Theomachist (n.) One who fights against the gods; one who resists God of the divine will.

Theomachy (n.) A fighting against the gods, as the battle of the gaints with the gods.

Theomachy (n.) A battle or strife among the gods.

Theomachy (n.) Opposition to God or the divine will.

Theomancy (n.) A kind of divination drawn from the responses of oracles among heathen nations.

Theopathetic (a.) Alt. of Theopathic

Theopathic (a.) Of or pertaining to a theopathy.

Theopathy (n.) Capacity for religious affections or worship.

Theophanic (a.) Of or pertaining to a theopany; appearing to man, as a god.

-nies (pl. ) of Theophany

Theophany (n.) A manifestation of God to man by actual appearance, usually as an incarnation.

Theophilanthropic (a.) Pertaining to theophilanthropy or the theophilanthropists.

Theophilanthropism (n.) The doctrine of the theophilanthropists; theophilanthropy.

Theophilanthropist (n.) A member of a deistical society established at Paris during the French revolution.

Theophilanthropy (n.) Theophilanthropism.

Theophilosophic (a.) Combining theism and philosophy, or pertaining to the combination of theism and philosophy.

Theopneusted (a.) Divinely inspired; theopneustic.

Theopneustic (a.) Given by the inspiration of the Spirit of God.

Theopneusty (n.) Divine inspiration; the supernatural influence of the Divine Spirit in qualifying men to receive and communicate revealed truth.

Theorbist (n.) One who plays on a theorbo.

Theorbo (n.) An instrument made like large lute, but having two necks, with two sets of pegs, the lower set holding the strings governed by frets, while to the upper set were attached the long bass strings used as open notes.

Theorem (n.) That which is considered and established as a principle; hence, sometimes, a rule.

Theorem (n.) A statement of a principle to be demonstrated.

Theorem (v. t.) To formulate into a theorem.

Theorematic (a.) Alt. of Theorematical

Theorematical (a.) Of or pertaining to a theorem or theorems; comprised in a theorem; consisting of theorems.

Theorematist (n.) One who constructs theorems.

Theoremic (a.) Theorematic.

Theoretic (a.) Alt. of Theoretical

Theoretical (a.) Pertaining to theory; depending on, or confined to, theory or speculation; speculative; terminating in theory or speculation: not practical; as, theoretical learning; theoretic sciences.

Theoretics (n.) The speculative part of a science; speculation.

Theoric (a.) Of or pertaining to the theorica.

Theoric (a.) Relating to, or skilled in, theory; theoretically skilled.

Theoric (n.) Speculation; theory.

Theorica (n. pl.) Public moneys expended at Athens on festivals, sacrifices, and public entertainments (especially theatrical performances), and in gifts to the people; -- also called theoric fund.

Theorical (a.) Theoretic.

Theorically (adv.) In a theoretic manner.

Theorist (n.) One who forms theories; one given to theory and speculation; a speculatist.

Theorization (n.) The act or product of theorizing; the formation of a theory or theories; speculation.

Theorized (imp. & p. p.) of Theorize

Theorizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Theorize

Theorize (v. i.) To form a theory or theories; to form opinions solely by theory; to speculate.

Theorizer (n.) One who theorizes or speculates; a theorist.

Theories (pl. ) of Theory

Theory (n.) A doctrine, or scheme of things, which terminates in speculation or contemplation, without a view to practice; hypothesis; speculation.

Theory (n.) An exposition of the general or abstract principles of any science; as, the theory of music.

Theory (n.) The science, as distinguished from the art; as, the theory and practice of medicine.

Theory (n.) The philosophical explanation of phenomena, either physical or moral; as, Lavoisier's theory of combustion; Adam Smith's theory of moral sentiments.

Theosoph (n.) Alt. of Theosopher

Theosopher (n.) A theosophist.

Theosophic (a.) Alt. of Theosophical

Theosophical (a.) Of or pertaining to theosophy.

Theosophism (n.) Belief in theosophy.

Theosophist (n.) One addicted to theosophy.

Theosophistical (a.) Of or pertaining to theosophy; theosophical.

Theosophized (imp. & p. p.) of Theosophize

Theosophizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Theosophize

Theosophize (v. i.) To practice theosophy.

Theosophy (n.) Any system of philosophy or mysticism which proposes to attain intercourse with God and superior spirits, and consequent superhuman knowledge, by physical processes, as by the theurgic operations of some ancient Platonists, or by the chemical processes of the German fire philosophers; also, a direct, as distinguished from a revealed, knowledge of God, supposed to be attained by extraordinary illumination; especially, a direct insight into the processes of the divine mind, and the interior relations of the divine nature.

Therapeutae (n. pl.) A name given to certain ascetics said to have anciently dwelt in the neighborhood of Alexandria. They are described in a work attributed to Philo, the genuineness and credibility of which are now much discredited.

Therapeutic (a.) Alt. of Therapeutical

Therapeutical (a.) Of or pertaining to the healing art; concerned in discovering and applying remedies for diseases; curative.

Therapeutic (n.) One of the Therapeutae.

Therapeutics (n.) That part of medical science which treats of the discovery and application of remedies for diseases.

Therapeutist (n.) One versed in therapeutics, or the discovery and application of remedies.

Therapy (n.) Therapeutics.

There (pron.) In or at that place.

There (pron.) In that matter, relation, etc.; at that point, stage, etc., regarded as a distinct place; as, he did not stop there, but continued his speech.

There (pron.) To or into that place; thither.

Thereabout (adv.) Alt. of Thereabouts

Thereabouts (adv.) Near that place.

Thereabouts (adv.) Near that number, degree, or quantity; nearly; as, ten men, or thereabouts.

Thereabouts (adv.) Concerning that; about that.

Thereafter (adv.) After that; afterward.

Thereafter (adv.) According to that; accordingly.

Thereafter (adv.) Of that sort.

Thereagain (adv.) In opposition; against one's course.

There-anent (adv.) Concerning that.

Thereat (adv.) At that place; there.

Thereat (adv.) At that occurrence or event; on that account.

Therebefore (adv.) Alt. of Therebiforn

Therebiforn (adv.) Before that time; beforehand.

Thereby (adv.) By that; by that means; in consequence of that.

Thereby (adv.) Annexed to that.

Thereby (adv.) Thereabout; -- said of place, number, etc.

Therefor (adv.) For that, or this; for it.

Therefore (adv.) For that or this reason, referring to something previously stated; for that.

Therefore (adv.) Consequently; by consequence.

Therefrom (adv.) From this or that.

Therein (adv.) In that or this place, time, or thing; in that particular or respect.

Thereinto (adv.) Into that or this, or into that place.

Thereof (adv.) Of that or this.

Thereology (n.) Therapeutios.

Thereon (adv.) On that or this.

Thereout (adv.) Out of that or this.

Thereout (adv.) On the outside; out of doors.

Thereto (adv.) To that or this.

Thereto (adv.) Besides; moreover.

Theretofore (adv.) Up to that time; before then; -- correlative with heretofore.

Thereunder (adv.) Under that or this.

Thereunto (adv.) Unto that or this; thereto; besides.

Thereupon (adv.) Upon that or this; thereon.

Thereupon (adv.) On account, or in consequence, of that; therefore.

Thereupon (adv.) Immediately; at once; without delay.

Therewhile (adv.) At that time; at the same time.

Therewith (adv.) With that or this.

Therewith (adv.) In addition; besides; moreover.

Therewith (adv.) At the same time; forthwith.

Therewithal (adv.) Over and above; besides; moreover.

Therewithal (adv.) With that or this; therewith; at the same time.

Therf (a.) Not fermented; unleavened; -- said of bread, loaves, etc.

Theriac (n.) Alt. of Theriaca

Theriaca (n.) An ancient composition esteemed efficacious against the effects of poison; especially, a certain compound of sixty-four drugs, prepared, pulverized, and reduced by means of honey to an electuary; -- called also theriaca Andromachi, and Venice treacle.

Theriaca (n.) Treacle; molasses.

Theriac (a.) Alt. of Theriacal

Theriacal (a.) Of or pertaining to theriac; medicinal.

Therial (a.) Theriac.

Theriodont (n.) One of the Theriodontia. Used also adjectively.

Theriodonta (n. pl.) Same as Theriodontia.

Theriodontia (n. pl.) An extinct order of reptiles found in the Permian and Triassic formations in South Africa. In some respects they resembled carnivorous mammals. Called also Theromorpha.

Theriotomy (n.) Zootomy.

Thermae (n. pl.) Springs or baths of warm or hot water.

Thermal (a.) Of or pertaining to heat; warm; hot; as, the thermal unit; thermal waters.

Thermally (adv.) In a thermal manner.

Thermetograph (n.) A self-registering thermometer, especially one that registers the maximum and minimum during long periods.

Thermic (a.) Of or pertaining to heat; due to heat; thermal; as, thermic lines.

Thermidor (n.) The eleventh month of the French republican calendar, -- commencing July 19, and ending August 17. See the Note under Vendemiaire.

Thermifugine (n.) An artificial alkaloid of complex composition, resembling thalline and used as an antipyretic, -- whence its name.

Thermo- () A combining form from Gr. qe`rmh heat, qermo`s hot, warm; as in thermochemistry, thermodynamic.

Thermobarometer (n.) An instrument for determining altitudes by the boiling point of water.

Thermobattery (n.) A thermoelectric battery; a thermopile.

Thermocautery (n.) Cautery by the application of heat.

Thermochemic (a.) Alt. of Thermochemical

Thermochemical (a.) Of or pertaining to thermochemistry; obtained by, or employed in, thermochemistry.

Thermochemistry (n.) That branch of chemical science which includes the investigation of the various relations existing between chemical action and that manifestation of force termed heat, or the determination of the heat evolved by, or employed in, chemical actions.

Thermochrosy (n.) The property possessed by heat of being composed, like light, of rays of different degrees of refrangibility, which are unequal in rate or degree of transmission through diathermic substances.

Thermocurrent (n.) A current, as of electricity, developed, or set in motion, by the action of heat.

Thermodynamic (a.) Relating to thermodynamics; caused or operated by force due to the application of heat.

Thermodynamics (n.) The science which treats of the mechanical action or relations of heat.

Thermoelectric (a.) Pertaining to thermoelectricity; as, thermoelectric currents.

Thermoelectricity (n.) Electricity developed in the action of heat. See the Note under Electricity.

Thermoelectrometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the strength of an electric current in the heat which it produces, or for determining the heat developed by such a current.

Thermogen (n.) Caloric; heat; regarded as a material but imponderable substance.

Thermogenic (a.) Relating to heat, or to the production of heat; producing heat; thermogenous; as, the thermogenic tissues.

Thermogenous (a.) Producing heat; thermogenic.

Thermograph (n.) An instrument for automatically recording indications of the variation of temperature.

Thermology (n.) A discourse on, or an account of, heat.

Thermolysis (n.) The resolution of a compound into parts by heat; dissociation by heat.

Thermolyze (v. t.) To subject to thermolysis; to dissociate by heat.

Thermomagnetism (n.) Magnetism as affected or caused by the action of heat; the relation of heat to magnetism.

Thermometer (n.) An instrument for measuring temperature, founded on the principle that changes of temperature in bodies are accompained by proportional changes in their volumes or dimensions.

Thermometric (a.) Alt. of Thermometrical

Thermometrical (a.) Of or pertaining to a thermometer; as, the thermometrical scale or tube.

Thermometrical (a.) Made, or ascertained, by means of a thermometer; as, thermometrical observations.

Thermometrically (adv.) In a thermometrical manner; by means of a thermometer.

Thermometrograph (n.) An instrument for recording graphically the variations of temperature, or the indications of a thermometer.

Thermometry (n.) The estimation of temperature by the use of a thermometric apparatus.

Thermomultiplier (n.) Same as Thermopile.

Thermopile (n.) An instrument of extreme sensibility, used to determine slight differences and degrees of heat. It is composed of alternate bars of antimony and bismuth, or any two metals having different capacities for the conduction of heat, connected with an astatic galvanometer, which is very sensibly affected by the electric current induced in the system of bars when exposed even to the feeblest degrees of heat.

Thermoscope (n.) An instrument for indicating changes of temperature without indicating the degree of heat by which it is affected; especially, an instrument contrived by Count Rumford which, as modified by Professor Leslie, was afterward called the differential thermometer.

Thermoscopic (a.) Of or pertaining to the thermoscope; made by means of the thermoscope; as, thermoscopic observations.

Thermostat (n.) A self-acting apparatus for regulating temperature by the unequal expansion of different metals, liquids, or gases by heat, as in opening or closing the damper of a stove, or the like, as the heat becomes greater or less than is desired.

Thermostatic (a.) Of or pertaining to the thermostat; made or effected by means of the thermostat.

Thermosystaltic (a.) Influenced in its contraction by heat or cold; -- said of a muscle.

Thermotaxic (a.) Pertaining to, or connected with, the regulation of temperature in the animal body; as, the thermotaxic nervous system.

Thermotension (n.) A process of increasing the strength of wrought iron by heating it to a determinate temperature, and giving to it, while in that state, a mechanical strain or tension in the direction in which the strength is afterward to be exerted.

Thermotic (a.) Alt. of Thermotical

Thermotical (a.) Of or pertaining to heat; produced by heat; as, thermotical phenomena.

Thermotics (n.) The science of heat.

Thermotropic (a.) Manifesting thermotropism.

Thermotropism (n.) The phenomenon of turning towards a source of warmth, seen in the growing parts of some plants.

Thermotype (n.) A picture (as of a slice of wood) obtained by first wetting the object slightly with hydrochloric or dilute sulphuric acid, then taking an impression with a press, and next strongly heating this impression.

Thermotypy (n.) The art or process of obtaining thermotypes.

Thermovoltaic (a.) Of or relating to heat and electricity; especially, relating to thermal effects produced by voltaic action.

Theromorpha (n. pl.) See Theriodonta.

Theropoda (n. pl.) An order of carnivorous dinosaurs in which the feet are less birdlike, and hence more like those of an ordinary quadruped, than in the Ornithopoda. It includes the rapacious genera Megalosaurus, Creosaurus, and their allies.

Thesauri (pl. ) of Thesaurus

Thesaurus (n.) A treasury or storehouse; hence, a repository, especially of knowledge; -- often applied to a comprehensive work, like a dictionary or cyclopedia.

These (pron.) The plural of this. See This.

Thesicle (n.) A little or subordinate thesis; a proposition.

Theses (pl. ) of Thesis

Thesis (n.) A position or proposition which a person advances and offers to maintain, or which is actually maintained by argument.

Thesis (n.) Hence, an essay or dissertation written upon specific or definite theme; especially, an essay presented by a candidate for a diploma or degree.

Thesis (n.) An affirmation, or distinction from a supposition or hypothesis.

Thesis (n.) The accented part of the measure, expressed by the downward beat; -- the opposite of arsis.

Thesis (n.) The depression of the voice in pronouncing the syllables of a word.

Thesis (n.) The part of the foot upon which such a depression falls.

Thesmothete (n.) A lawgiver; a legislator; one of the six junior archons at Athens.

Thespian (a.) Of or pertaining to Thespis; hence, relating to the drama; dramatic; as, the Thespian art.

Thespian (n.) An actor.

Thessalian (a.) Of or pertaining to Thessaly in Greece.

Thessalian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Thessaly.

Thessalonian (a.) Of or pertaining to Thessalonica, a city of Macedonia.

Thessalonian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Thessalonica.

Theta (n.) A letter of the Greek alphabet corresponding to th in English; -- sometimes called the unlucky letter, from being used by the judges on their ballots in passing condemnation on a prisoner, it being the first letter of the Greek qa`natos, death.

Thetical (a.) Laid down; absolute or positive, as a law.

Thetine (n.) Any one of a series of complex basic sulphur compounds analogous to the sulphines.

Theurgic (a.) Alt. of Theurgical

Theurgical (a.) Of or pertaining to theurgy; magical.

Theurgist (n.) One who pretends to, or is addicted to, theurgy.

Theurgy (n.) A divine work; a miracle; hence, magic; sorcery.

Theurgy (n.) A kind of magical science or art developed in Alexandria among the Neoplatonists, and supposed to enable man to influence the will of the gods by means of purification and other sacramental rites.

Theurgy (n.) In later or modern magic, that species of magic in which effects are claimed to be produced by supernatural agency, in distinction from natural magic.

Thew (n.) Manner; custom; habit; form of behavior; qualities of mind; disposition; specifically, good qualities; virtues.

Thew (n.) Muscle or strength; nerve; brawn; sinew.

Thewed (a.) Furnished with thews or muscles; as, a well-thewed limb.

Thewed (a.) Accustomed; mannered.

Thewy (a.) Having strong or large thews or muscles; muscular; sinewy; strong.

They (obj.) The plural of he, she, or it. They is never used adjectively, but always as a pronoun proper, and sometimes refers to persons without an antecedent expressed.

Thialdine (n.) A weak nitrogenous sulphur base, C6H13NS2.

Thialol (n.) A colorless oily liquid, (C2H5)2S2, having a strong garlic odor; -- called also ethyl disulphide. By extension, any one of the series of related compounds.

Thibetan (a.) Of or pertaining to Thibet.

Thibetan (n.) A native or inhabitant of Thibet.

Thibet cloth () A fabric made of coarse goat's hair; a kind of camlet.

Thibet cloth () A kind of fine woolen cloth, used for dresses, cloaks, etc.

Thibetian (a. & n.) Same as Thibetan.

Thible (n.) A slice; a skimmer; a spatula; a pudding stick.

Thick (superl.) Measuring in the third dimension other than length and breadth, or in general dimension other than length; -- said of a solid body; as, a timber seven inches thick.

Thick (superl.) Having more depth or extent from one surface to its opposite than usual; not thin or slender; as, a thick plank; thick cloth; thick paper; thick neck.

Thick (superl.) Dense; not thin; inspissated; as, thick vapors. Also used figuratively; as, thick darkness.

Thick (superl.) Not transparent or clear; hence, turbid, muddy, or misty; as, the water of a river is apt to be thick after a rain.

Thick (superl.) Abundant, close, or crowded in space; closely set; following in quick succession; frequently recurring.

Thick (superl.) Not having due distinction of syllables, or good articulation; indistinct; as, a thick utterance.

Thick (superl.) Deep; profound; as, thick sleep.

Thick (superl.) Dull; not quick; as, thick of fearing.

Thick (superl.) Intimate; very friendly; familiar.

Thick (n.) The thickest part, or the time when anything is thickest.

Thick (n.) A thicket; as, gloomy thicks.

Thick (adv.) Frequently; fast; quick.

Thick (adv.) Closely; as, a plat of ground thick sown.

Thick (adv.) To a great depth, or to a greater depth than usual; as, land covered thick with manure.

Thick (v. t. & i.) To thicken.

Thickbill (n.) The bullfinch.

Thickened (imp. & p. p.) of Thicken

Thickening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thicken

Thicken (v. t.) To make thick (in any sense of the word).

Thicken (v. t.) To render dense; to inspissate; as, to thicken paint.

Thicken (v. t.) To make close; to fill up interstices in; as, to thicken cloth; to thicken ranks of trees or men.

Thicken (v. t.) To strengthen; to confirm.

Thicken (v. t.) To make more frequent; as, to thicken blows.

Thicken (v. i.) To become thick.

Thickening (n.) Something put into a liquid or mass to make it thicker.

Thicket (a.) A wood or a collection of trees, shrubs, etc., closely set; as, a ram caught in a thicket.

Thickhead (n.) A thick-headed or stupid person.

Thickhead (n.) Any one of several species of Australian singing birds of the genus Pachycephala. The males of some of the species are bright-colored. Some of the species are popularly called thrushes.

Thick-headed (a.) Having a thick skull; stupid.

Thickish (a.) Somewhat thick.

Thick-knee (n.) A stone curlew. See under Stone.

Thickly (adv.) In a thick manner; deeply; closely.

Thickness (n.) The quality or state of being thick (in any of the senses of the adjective).

Thickset (a.) Close planted; as, a thickset wood; a thickset hedge.

Thickset (a.) Having a short, thick body; stout.

Thickset (n.) A close or thick hedge.

Thickset (n.) A stout, twilled cotton cloth; a fustian corduroy, or velveteen.

Thickskin (n.) A coarse, gross person; a person void of sensibility or sinsitiveness; a dullard.

Thick-skinned (a.) Having a thick skin; hence, not sensitive; dull; obtuse.

Thickskull (n.) A dullard, or dull person; a blockhead; a numskull.

Thick-skulled (a.) Having a thick skull; hence, dull; heavy; stupid; slow to learn.

Thick wind () A defect of respiration in a horse, that is unassociated with noise in breathing or with the signs of emphysema.

Thick-winded (a.) Affected with thick wind.

Thider (adv.) Thither.

Thiderward (adv.) Thitherward.

Thieves (pl. ) of Thief

Thief (n.) One who steals; one who commits theft or larceny. See Theft.

Thief (n.) A waster in the snuff of a candle.

Thiefly (a. & adv.) Like a thief; thievish; thievishly.

Thienone (n.) A ketone derivative of thiophene obtained as a white crystalline substance, (C4H3S)2.CO, by the action of aluminium chloride and carbonyl chloride on thiophene.

Thienyl (n.) The hypothetical radical C4H3S, regarded as the essential residue of thiophene and certain of its derivatives.

Thieved (imp. & p. p.) of Thieve

Thieving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thieve

Thieve (v. t. & i.) To practice theft; to steal.

Thievery (n.) The practice of stealing; theft; thievishness.

Thievery (n.) That which is stolen.

Thievish (a.) Given to stealing; addicted to theft; as, a thievish boy, a thievish magpie.

Thievish (a.) Like a thief; acting by stealth; sly; secret.

Thievish (a.) Partaking of the nature of theft; accomplished by stealing; dishonest; as, a thievish practice.

Thigh (n.) The proximal segment of the hind limb between the knee and the trunk. See Femur.

Thigh (n.) The coxa, or femur, of an insect.

Thilk (pron.) That same; this; that.

Thill (n.) One of the two long pieces of wood, extending before a vehicle, between which a horse is hitched; a shaft.

Thill (n.) The floor of a coal mine.

Thiller (n.) The horse which goes between the thills, or shafts, and supports them; also, the last horse in a team; -- called also thill horse.

Thimble (n.) A kind of cap or cover, or sometimes a broad ring, for the end of the finger, used in sewing to protect the finger when pushing the needle through the material. It is usually made of metal, and has upon the outer surface numerous small pits to catch the head of the needle.

Thimble (n.) Any thimble-shaped appendage or fixure.

Thimble (n.) A tubular piece, generally a strut, through which a bolt or pin passes.

Thimble (n.) A fixed or movable ring, tube, or lining placed in a hole.

Thimble (n.) A tubular cone for expanding a flue; -- called ferrule in England.

Thimble (n.) A ring of thin metal formed with a grooved circumference so as to fit within an eye-spice, or the like, and protect it from chafing.

Thimbleberry (n.) A kind of black raspberry (Rubus occidentalis), common in America.

Thimbleeye (n.) The chub mackerel. See under Chub.

Thimblefuls (pl. ) of Thimbleful

Thimbleful (n.) As much as a thimble will hold; a very small quantity.

Thimblerig (n.) A sleight-of-hand trick played with three small cups, shaped like thimbles, and a small ball or little pea.

Thimblerigged (imp. & p. p.) of Thimblerig

Thimblerigging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thimblerig

Thimblerig (v. t.) To swindle by means of small cups or thimbles, and a pea or small ball placed under one of them and quickly shifted to another, the victim laying a wager that he knows under which cup it is; hence, to cheat by any trick.

Thimblerigger (n.) One who cheats by thimblerigging, or tricks of legerdemain.

Thimbleweed (n.) Any plant of the composite genus Rudbeckia, coarse herbs somewhat resembling the sunflower; -- so called from their conical receptacles.

Thin (superl.) Having little thickness or extent from one surface to its opposite; as, a thin plate of metal; thin paper; a thin board; a thin covering.

Thin (superl.) Rare; not dense or thick; -- applied to fluids or soft mixtures; as, thin blood; thin broth; thin air.

Thin (superl.) Not close; not crowded; not filling the space; not having the individuals of which the thing is composed in a close or compact state; hence, not abundant; as, the trees of a forest are thin; the corn or grass is thin.

Thin (superl.) Not full or well grown; wanting in plumpness.

Thin (superl.) Not stout; slim; slender; lean; gaunt; as, a person becomes thin by disease.

Thin (superl.) Wanting in body or volume; small; feeble; not full.

Thin (superl.) Slight; small; slender; flimsy; wanting substance or depth or force; superficial; inadequate; not sufficient for a covering; as, a thin disguise.

Thin (adv.) Not thickly or closely; in a seattered state; as, seed sown thin.

Thinned (imp. & p. p.) of Thin

Thinning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thin

Thin (v. t.) To make thin (in any of the senses of the adjective).

Thin (v. i.) To grow or become thin; -- used with some adverbs, as out, away, etc.; as, geological strata thin out, i. e., gradually diminish in thickness until they disappear.

Thine (pron. & a.) A form of the possessive case of the pronoun thou, now superseded in common discourse by your, the possessive of you, but maintaining a place in solemn discourse, in poetry, and in the usual language of the Friends, or Quakers.

Thing (n.) Whatever exists, or is conceived to exist, as a separate entity, whether animate or inanimate; any separable or distinguishable object of thought.

Thing (n.) An inanimate object, in distinction from a living being; any lifeless material.

Thing (n.) A transaction or occurrence; an event; a deed.

Thing (n.) A portion or part; something.

Thing (n.) A diminutive or slighted object; any object viewed as merely existing; -- often used in pity or contempt.

Thing (n.) Clothes; furniture; appurtenances; luggage; as, to pack or store one's things.

Thing (n.) Whatever may be possessed or owned; a property; -- distinguished from person.

Thing (n.) In Scandinavian countries, a legislative or judicial assembly.

Thought (imp. & p. p.) of Think

Thinking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Think

Think (v. t.) To seem or appear; -- used chiefly in the expressions methinketh or methinks, and methought.

Think (v. t.) To employ any of the intellectual powers except that of simple perception through the senses; to exercise the higher intellectual faculties.

Think (v. t.) To call anything to mind; to remember; as, I would have sent the books, but I did not think of it.

Think (v. t.) To reflect upon any subject; to muse; to meditate; to ponder; to consider; to deliberate.

Think (v. t.) To form an opinion by reasoning; to judge; to conclude; to believe; as, I think it will rain to-morrow.

Think (v. t.) To purpose; to intend; to design; to mean.

Think (v. t.) To presume; to venture.

Think (v. t.) To conceive; to imagine.

Think (v. t.) To plan or design; to plot; to compass.

Think (v. t.) To believe; to consider; to esteem.

Thinkable (a.) Capable of being thought or conceived; cogitable.

Thinker (n.) One who thinks; especially and chiefly, one who thinks in a particular manner; as, a close thinker; a deep thinker; a coherent thinker.

Thinking (a.) Having the faculty of thought; cogitative; capable of a regular train of ideas; as, man is a thinking being.

Thinking (n.) The act of thinking; mode of thinking; imagination; cogitation; judgment.

Thinly (a.) In a thin manner; in a loose, scattered manner; scantily; not thickly; as, ground thinly planted with trees; a country thinly inhabited.

Thinner (n.) One who thins, or makes thinner.

Thinness (n.) The quality or state of being thin (in any of the senses of the word).

Thinnish (a.) Somewhat thin.

Thinolite (n.) A calcareous tufa, in part crystalline, occurring on a large scale as a shore deposit about the Quaternary lake basins of Nevada.

Thin-skinned (a.) Having a thin skin; hence, sensitive; irritable.

Thio- () A combining form (also used adjectively) denoting the presence of sulphur. See Sulpho-.

Thiocarbonate (n.) A sulphocarbonate.

Thiocarbonic (a.) Same as Sulphocarbonic.

Thiocyanate (n.) Same as Sulphocyanate.

Thiocyanic (a.) Same as Sulphocyanic.

Thionaphthene (n.) A double benzene and thiophene nucleus, C8H6S, analogous to naphthalene, and like it the base of a large series of derivatives.

Thionic (a.) Of or pertaining to sulphur; containing or resembling sulphur; specifically, designating certain of the thio compounds; as, the thionic acids. Cf. Dithionic, Trithionic, Tetrathionic, etc.

Thionine (n.) An artificial red or violet dyestuff consisting of a complex sulphur derivative of certain aromatic diamines, and obtained as a dark crystalline powder; -- called also phenylene violet.

Thionol (n.) A red or violet dyestuff having a greenish metallic luster. It is produced artificially, by the chemical dehydration of thionine, as a brown amorphous powder.

Thionoline (n.) A beautiful fluorescent crystalline substance, intermediate in composition between thionol and thionine.

Thionyl (n.) The hypothetical radical SO, regarded as an essential constituent of certain sulphurous compounds; as, thionyl chloride.

Thiophene (n.) A sulphur hydrocarbon, C4H4S, analogous to furfuran and benzene, and acting as the base of a large number of substances which closely resemble the corresponding aromatic derivatives.

Thiophenic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, thiophene; specifically, designating a certain acid analogous to benzoic acid.

Thiophenol (n.) A colorless mobile liquid, C6H5.SH, of an offensive odor, and analogous to phenol; -- called also phenyl sulphydrate.

Thiophthene (n.) A double thiophene nucleus, C6H4S2, analogous to thionaphthene, and the base of a large series of compounds.

Thiosulphate (n.) A salt of thiosulphuric acid; -- formerly called hyposulphite.

Thiosulphuric (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an unstable acid, H2S2O3, analogous to sulphuric acid, and formerly called hyposulphurous acid.

Thiotolene (n.) A colorless oily liquid, C4H3S.CH3, analogous to, and resembling, toluene; -- called also methyl thiophene.

Thioxene (n.) Any one of three possible metameric substances, which are dimethyl derivatives of thiophene, like the xylenes from benzene.

Third (a.) Next after the second; coming after two others; -- the ordinal of three; as, the third hour in the day.

Third (a.) Constituting or being one of three equal parts into which anything is divided; as, the third part of a day.

Third (n.) The quotient of a unit divided by three; one of three equal parts into which anything is divided.

Third (n.) The sixtieth part of a second of time.

Third (n.) The third tone of the scale; the mediant.

Third (n.) The third part of the estate of a deceased husband, which, by some local laws, the widow is entitled to enjoy during her life.

Third-borough (n.) An under constable.

Thirdings (n. pl.) The third part of the corn or grain growing on the ground at the tenant's death, due to the lord for a heriot, as within the manor of Turfat in Herefordshire.

Thirdly (adv.) In the third place.

Third-penny (n.) A third part of the profits of fines and penalties imposed at the country court, which was among the perquisites enjoyed by the earl.

Thirled (imp. & p. p.) of Thirl

Thirling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thirl

Thirl (v. t.) To bore; to drill or thrill. See Thrill.

Thirlage (n.) The right which the owner of a mill possesses, by contract or law, to compel the tenants of a certain district, or of his sucken, to bring all their grain to his mill for grinding.

Thirst (n.) A sensation of dryness in the throat associated with a craving for liquids, produced by deprivation of drink, or by some other cause (as fear, excitement, etc.) which arrests the secretion of the pharyngeal mucous membrane; hence, the condition producing this sensation.

Thirst (n.) Fig.: A want and eager desire after anything; a craving or longing; -- usually with for, of, or after; as, the thirst for gold.

Thirsted (imp. & p. p.) of Thirst

Thirsting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thirst

Thirst (n.) To feel thirst; to experience a painful or uneasy sensation of the throat or fauces, as for want of drink.

Thirst (n.) To have a vehement desire.

Thirst (v. t.) To have a thirst for.

Thirster (n.) One who thirsts.

Thirstily (adv.) In a thirsty manner.

Thirstiness (n.) The state of being thirsty; thirst.

Thirstle (n.) The throstle.

Thirsty (n.) Feeling thirst; having a painful or distressing sensation from want of drink; hence, having an eager desire.

Thirsty (n.) Deficient in moisture; dry; parched.

Thirteen (a.) One more than twelve; ten and three; as, thirteen ounces or pounds.

Thirteen (n.) The number greater by one than twelve; the sum of ten and three; thirteen units or objects.

Thirteen (n.) A symbol representing thirteen units, as 13 or xiii.

Thirteenth (a.) Next in order after the twelfth; the third after the tenth; -- the ordinal of thirteen; as, the thirteenth day of the month.

Thirteenth (a.) Constituting or being one of thirteen equal parts into which anything is divided.

Thirteenth (n.) The quotient of a unit divided by thirteen; one of thirteen equal parts into which anything is divided.

Thirteenth (n.) The next in order after the twelfth.

Thirteenth (n.) The interval comprising an octave and a sixth.

Thirtieth (a.) Next in order after the twenty-ninth; the tenth after the twentieth; -- the ordinal of thirty; as, the thirtieth day of the month.

Thirtieth (a.) Constituting or being one of thirty equal parts into which anything is divided.

Thirtieth (n.) The quotient of a unit divided by thirty; one of thirty equal parts.

Thirty (a.) Being three times ten; consisting of one more than twenty-nine; twenty and ten; as, the month of June consists of thirty days.

Thirties (pl. ) of Thirty

Thirty (n.) The sum of three tens, or twenty and ten; thirty units or objects.

Thirty (n.) A symbol expressing thirty, as 30, or XXX.

Thirty-second (a.) Being one of thirty-two equal parts into which anything is divided.

These (pl. ) of This

This (pron. & a.) As a demonstrative pronoun, this denotes something that is present or near in place or time, or something just mentioned, or that is just about to be mentioned.

This (pron. & a.) As an adjective, this has the same demonstrative force as the pronoun, but is followed by a noun; as, this book; this way to town.

Thistle (n.) Any one of several prickly composite plants, especially those of the genera Cnicus, Craduus, and Onopordon. The name is often also applied to other prickly plants.

Thistly (a.) Overgrown with thistles; as, thistly ground.

Thistly (a.) Fig.: Resembling a thistle or thistles; sharp; pricking.

Thither (adv.) To that place; -- opposed to hither.

Thither (adv.) To that point, end, or result; as, the argument tended thither.

Thither (a.) Being on the farther side from the person speaking; farther; -- a correlative of hither; as, on the thither side of the water.

Thither (a.) Applied to time: On the thither side of, older than; of more years than. See Hither, a.

Thitherto (adv.) To that point; so far.

Thitherward (adv.) To ward that place; in that direction.

Thitsee (n.) The varnish tree of Burmah (Melanorrhoea usitatissima).

Thitsee (n.) A black varnish obtained from the tree.

Thlipsis (n.) Compression, especially constriction of vessels by an external cause.

Tho (def. art.) The.

Tho (pron. pl.) Those.

Tho (adv.) Then.

Tho (conj.) Though.

Thole (n.) A wooden or metal pin, set in the gunwale of a boat, to serve as a fulcrum for the oar in rowing.

Thole (n.) The pin, or handle, of a scythe snath.

Tholed (imp. & p. p.) of Thole

Tholing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thole

Thole (v. t.) To bear; to endure; to undergo.

Thole (v. i.) To wait.

Thomaean (n.) Alt. of Thomean

Thomean (n.) A member of the ancient church of Christians established on the Malabar coast of India, which some suppose to have been originally founded by the Apostle Thomas.

Thomism (n.) Alt. of Thomaism

Thomaism (n.) The doctrine of Thomas Aquinas, esp. with respect to predestination and grace.

Thomist (n.) A follower of Thomas Aquinas. See Scotist.

Thomite (n.) A Thomaean.

Thomsenolite (n.) A fluoride of aluminium, calcium, and sodium occurring with the cryolite of Greenland.

Thomsen's disease () An affection apparently congenital, consisting in tonic contraction and stiffness of the voluntary muscles occurring after a period of muscular inaction.

Thomsonian (a.) Of or pertaining to Thomsonianism.

Thomsonian (n.) A believer in Thomsonianism; one who practices Thomsonianism.

Thomsonianism (n.) An empirical system which assumes that the human body is composed of four elements, earth, air, fire, and water, and that vegetable medicines alone should be used; -- from the founder, Dr. Samuel Thomson, of Massachusetts.

Thomsonite (n.) A zeolitic mineral, occurring generally in masses of a radiated structure. It is a hydrous silicate of aluminia, lime, and soda. Called also mesole, and comptonite.

Thong (n.) A strap of leather; especially, one used for fastening anything.

Thooid (a.) Of or pertaining to a group of carnivores, including the wovels and the dogs.

Thor (n.) The god of thunder, and son of Odin.

Thoracentesis (n.) The operation of puncturing the chest wall so as to let out liquids contained in the cavity of the chest.

Thoracic (a.) Of or pertaining to the thorax, or chest.

Thoracic (n.) One of a group of fishes having the ventral fins placed beneath the thorax or beneath the pectorial fins.

Thoracica (n. pl.) A division of cirripeds including those which have six thoracic segments, usually bearing six pairs of cirri. The common barnacles are examples.

Thoracometer (n.) Same as Stethometer.

Thoracoplasty (n.) A remodeling or reshaping of the thorax; especially, the operation of removing the ribs, so as to obliterate the pleural cavity in cases of empyema.

Thoracostraca (a.) An extensive division of Crustacea, having a dorsal shield or carapec/ //niting all, or nearly all, of the thoracic somites to the head. It includes the crabs, lobsters, shrimps, and similar species.

Thoracotomy (n.) The operation of opening the pleural cavity by incision.

Thoral (a.) Of or pertaining to a bed.

Thorax (n.) The part of the trunk between the neck and the abdomen, containing that part of the body cavity the walls of which are supported by the dorsal vertebrae, the ribs, and the sternum, and which the heart and lungs are situated; the chest.

Thorax (n.) The middle region of the body of an insect, or that region which bears the legs and wings. It is composed of three united somites, each of which is composed of several distinct parts. See Illust. in Appendix. and Illust. of Coleoptera.

Thorax (n.) The second, or middle, region of the body of a crustacean, arachnid, or other articulate animal. In the case of decapod Crustacea, some writers include under the term thorax only the three segments bearing the maxillipeds; others include also the five segments bearing the legs. See Illust. in Appendix.

Thorax (n.) A breastplate, cuirass, or corselet; especially, the breastplate worn by the ancient Greeks.

Thoria (n.) A rare white earthy substance, consisting of the oxide of thorium; -- formerly called also thorina.

Thoric (a.) Of or pertaining to thorium; designating the compounds of thorium.

Thorite (n.) A mineral of a brown to black color, or, as in the variety orangite, orange-yellow. It is essentially a silicate of thorium.

Thorium (n.) A metallic element found in certain rare minerals, as thorite, pyrochlore, monazite, etc., and isolated as an infusible gray metallic powder which burns in the air and forms thoria; -- formerly called also thorinum. Symbol Th. Atomic weight 232.0.

Thorn (n.) A hard and sharp-pointed projection from a woody stem; usually, a branch so transformed; a spine.

Thorn (n.) Any shrub or small tree which bears thorns; especially, any species of the genus Crataegus, as the hawthorn, whitethorn, cockspur thorn.

Thorn (n.) Fig.: That which pricks or annoys as a thorn; anything troublesome; trouble; care.

Thorn (n.) The name of the Anglo-Saxon letter /, capital form /. It was used to represent both of the sounds of English th, as in thin, then. So called because it was the initial letter of thorn, a spine.

Thorn (v. t.) To prick, as with a thorn.

Thornback (n.) A European skate (Raia clavata) having thornlike spines on its back.

Thornback (n.) The large European spider crab or king crab (Maia squinado).

Thornbill (n.) Any one of several species of small, brilliantly colored American birds of the genus Rhamphomicron. They have a long, slender, sharp bill, and feed upon honey, insects, and the juice of the sugar cane.

Thornbird (n.) A small South American bird (Anumbius anumbii) allied to the ovenbirds of the genus Furnarius). It builds a very large and complex nest of twigs and thorns in a bush or tree.

Thornbut (n.) The turbot.

Thorn-headed (a.) Having a head armed with thorns or spines.

Thornless (a.) Destitute of, or free from, thorns.

Thornset (a.) Set with thorns.

Thorntail (n.) A beautiful South American humming bird (Gouldia Popelairii), having the six outer tail feathers long, slender, and pointed. The head is ornamented with a long, pointed crest.

Thorny (superl.) Full of thorns or spines; rough with thorns; spiny; as, a thorny wood; a thorny tree; a thorny crown.

Thorny (superl.) Like a thorn or thorns; hence, figuratively, troublesome; vexatious; harassing; perplexing.

Thoro (a.) Thorough.

Thorough (prep.) Through.

Thorough (a.) Passing through; as, thorough lights in a house.

Thorough (a.) Passing through or to the end; hence, complete; perfect; as, a thorough reformation; thorough work; a thorough translator; a thorough poet.

Thorough (adv.) Thoroughly.

Thorough (adv.) Through.

Thorough (n.) A furrow between two ridges, to drain off the surface water.

Thorough bass () The representation of chords by figures placed under the base; figured bass; basso continuo; -- sometimes used as synonymous with harmony.

Thorough-brace (n.) A leather strap supporting the body of a carriage, and attached to springs, or serving as a spring. See Illust. of Chaise.

Thoroughbred (a.) Bred from the best blood through a long line; pure-blooded; -- said of stock, as horses. Hence, having the characteristics of such breeding; mettlesome; courageous; of elegant form, or the like.

Thoroughbred (n.) A thoroughbred animal, especially a horse.

Thoroughfare (n.) A passage through; a passage from one street or opening to another; an unobstructed way open to the public; a public road; hence, a frequented street.

Thoroughfare (n.) A passing or going through; passage.

Thoroughgoing (a.) Going through, or to the end or bottom; very thorough; complete.

Thoroughgoing (a.) Going all lengths; extreme; thoroughplaced; -- less common in this sense.

Thorough-lighted (a.) Provided with thorough lights or windows at opposite sides, as a room or building.

Thoroughly (adv.) In a thorough manner; fully; entirely; completely.

Thoroughness (n.) The quality or state of being thorough; completeness.

Thoroughpaced (a.) Perfect in what is undertaken; complete; going all lengths; as, a thoroughplaced Tory or Whig.

Thoroughpin (n.) A disease of the hock (sometimes of the knee) of a horse, caused by inflammation of the synovial membrane and a consequent excessive secretion of the synovial fluid; -- probably so called because there is usually an oval swelling on each side of the leg, appearing somewhat as if a pin had been thrust through.

Thoroughsped (a.) Fully accomplished; thoroughplaced.

Thoroughstitch (adv.) So as to go the whole length of any business; fully; completely.

Thoroughwax (n.) An umbelliferous plant (Bupleurum rotundifolium) with perfoliate leaves.

Thoroughwax (n.) Thoroughwort.

Thoroughwort (n.) Same as Boneset.

Thorow (prep.) Through.

Thorow (a.) Thorough.

Thorp (n.) Alt. of Thorpe

Thorpe (n.) A group of houses in the country; a small village; a hamlet; a dorp; -- now chiefly occurring in names of places and persons; as, Althorp, Mablethorpe.

Those (pron.) The plural of that. See That.

Thoth (n.) The god of eloquence and letters among the ancient Egyptians, and supposed to be the inventor of writing and philosophy. He corresponded to the Mercury of the Romans, and was usually represented as a human figure with the head of an ibis or a lamb.

Thoth (n.) The Egyptian sacred baboon.

Thou (obj.) The second personal pronoun, in the singular number, denoting the person addressed; thyself; the pronoun which is used in addressing persons in the solemn or poetical style.

Thou (v. t.) To address as thou, esp. to do so in order to treat with insolent familiarity or contempt.

Thou (v. i.) To use the words thou and thee in discourse after the manner of the Friends.

Though (conj.) Granting, admitting, or supposing that; notwithstanding that; if.

Though (adv.) However; nevertheless; notwithstanding; -- used in familiar language, and in the middle or at the end of a sentence.

Thought () imp. & p. p. of Think.

Thought (n.) The act of thinking; the exercise of the mind in any of its higher forms; reflection; cogitation.

Thought (n.) Meditation; serious consideration.

Thought (n.) That which is thought; an idea; a mental conception, whether an opinion, judgment, fancy, purpose, or intention.

Thought (n.) Solicitude; anxious care; concern.

Thought (n.) A small degree or quantity; a trifle; as, a thought longer; a thought better.

Thoughtful (a.) Full of thought; employed in meditation; contemplative; as, a man of thoughtful mind.

Thoughtful (a.) Attentive; careful; exercising the judgment; having the mind directed to an object; as, thoughtful of gain; thoughtful in seeking truth.

Thoughtful (a.) Anxious; solicitous; concerned.

Thoughtless (adv.) Lacking thought; careless; inconsiderate; rash; as, a thoughtless person, or act.

Thoughtless (adv.) Giddy; gay; dissipated.

Thoughtless (adv.) Deficient in reasoning power; stupid; dull.

Thousand (n.) The number of ten hundred; a collection or sum consisting of ten times one hundred units or objects.

Thousand (n.) Hence, indefinitely, a great number.

Thousand (n.) A symbol representing one thousand units; as, 1,000, M or CI/.

Thousand (a.) Consisting of ten hundred; being ten times one hundred.

Thousand (a.) Hence, consisting of a great number indefinitely.

Thousandfold (a.) Multiplied by a thousand.

Thousand legs () A millepid, or galleyworm; -- called also thousand-legged worm.

Thousandth (a.) Next in order after nine hundred and ninty-nine; coming last of a thousand successive individuals or units; -- the ordinal of thousand; as, the thousandth part of a thing.

Thousandth (a.) Constituting, or being one of, a thousand equal parts into which anything is divided; the tenth of a hundredth.

Thousandth (a.) Occurring as being one of, or the last one of, a very great number; very small; minute; -- used hyperbolically; as, to do a thing for the thousandth time.

Thousandth (n.) The quotient of a unit divided by a thousand; one of a thousand equal parts into which a unit is divided.

Thowel (n.) Alt. of Thowl

Thowl (n.) A thole pin.

Thowl (n.) A rowlock.

Thracian (a.) Of or pertaining to Thrace, or its people.

Thracian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Thrace.

Thrack (v. t.) To load or burden; as, to thrack a man with property.

Thrackscat (n.) Metal still in the mine.

Thraldom (n.) The condition of a thrall; slavery; bondage; state of servitude.

Thrall (n.) A slave; a bondman.

Thrall (n.) Slavery; bondage; servitude; thraldom.

Thrall (n.) A shelf; a stand for barrels, etc.

Thrall (a.) Of or pertaining to a thrall; in the condition of a thrall; bond; enslaved.

Thrall (v. t.) To enslave.

Thralldom (n.) Thraldom.

Thrall-less (a.) Having no thralls.

Thrall-less (a.) Not enslaved; not subject to bonds.

Thrall-like (a.) Resembling a thrall, or his condition, feelings, or the like; slavish.

Thranite (n.) One of the rowers on the topmost of the three benches in a trireme.

Thrapple (n.) Windpipe; throttle.

Thrashed (imp. & p. p.) of Thresh

Thrashing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thresh

Thrash (v. t.) Alt. of Thresh

Thresh (v. t.) To beat out grain from, as straw or husks; to beat the straw or husk of (grain) with a flail; to beat off, as the kernels of grain; as, to thrash wheat, rye, or oats; to thrash over the old straw.

Thresh (v. t.) To beat soundly, as with a stick or whip; to drub.

Thrash (v. t.) Alt. of Thresh

Thresh (v. t.) To practice thrashing grain or the like; to perform the business of beating grain from straw; as, a man who thrashes well.

Thresh (v. t.) Hence, to labor; to toil; also, to move violently.

Thrashel (n.) An instrument to thrash with; a flail.

Thrasher (n.) Alt. of Thresher

Thresher (n.) One who, or that which, thrashes grain; a thrashing machine.

Thresher (n.) A large and voracious shark (Alopias vulpes), remarkable for the great length of the upper lobe of its tail, with which it beats, or thrashes, its prey. It is found both upon the American and the European coasts. Called also fox shark, sea ape, sea fox, slasher, swingle-tail, and thrasher shark.

Thresher (n.) A name given to the brown thrush and other allied species. See Brown thrush.

Thrashing () a. & n. from Thrash, v.

Thrasonical (a.) Of or pertaining to Thraso; like, or becoming to, Thraso; bragging; boastful; vainglorious.

Thraste (imp.) of Thraste

Thrast (p. p.) of Thraste

Thraste (v. t.) To thrust.

Thrave (n.) Twenty-four (in some places, twelve) sheaves of wheat; a shock, or stook.

Thrave (n.) The number of two dozen; also, an indefinite number; a bunch; a company; a throng.

Thraw (n. & v.) See Throse.

Thread (n.) A very small twist of flax, wool, cotton, silk, or other fibrous substance, drawn out to considerable length; a compound cord consisting of two or more single yarns doubled, or joined together, and twisted.

Thread (n.) A filament, as of a flower, or of any fibrous substance, as of bark; also, a line of gold or silver.

Thread (n.) The prominent part of the spiral of a screw or nut; the rib. See Screw, n., 1.

Thread (n.) Fig.: Something continued in a long course or tenor; a,s the thread of life, or of a discourse.

Thread (n.) Fig.: Composition; quality; fineness.

Threaded (imp. & p. p.) of Thread

Threading (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thread

Thread (v. t.) To pass a thread through the eye of; as, to thread a needle.

Thread (v. t.) To pass or pierce through as a narrow way; also, to effect or make, as one's way, through or between obstacles; to thrid.

Thread (v. t.) To form a thread, or spiral rib, on or in; as, to thread a screw or nut.

Threadbare (a.) Worn to the naked thread; having the nap worn off; threadbare clothes.

Threadbare (a.) Fig.: Worn out; as, a threadbare subject; stale topics and threadbare quotations.

Threadbareness (n.) The state of being threadbare.

Threaden (a.) Made of thread; as, threaden sails; a threaden fillet.

Threader (n.) A device for assisting in threading a needle.

Threader (n.) A tool or machine for forming a thread on a screw or in a nut.

Threadfin (n.) Any one of several species of fishes belonging to Polynemus and allied genera. They have numerous long pectoral filaments.

Threadfish (n.) The cutlass fish.

Threadfish (n.) A carangoid fish (Caranx gallus, or C. crinitus) having the anterior rays of the soft dorsal and anal fins prolonged in the form of long threads.

Threadiness (n.) Quality of being thready.

Thread-shaped (a.) Having the form of a thread; filiform.

Threadworm (n.) Any long, slender nematode worm, especially the pinworm and filaria.

Thready (a.) Like thread or filaments; slender; as, the thready roots of a shrub.

Thready (a.) Containing, or consisting of, thread.

Threaped (imp. & p. p.) of Threap

Threaping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Threap

Threap (v. t.) To call; to name.

Threap (v. t.) To maintain obstinately against denial or contradiction; also, to contend or argue against (another) with obstinacy; to chide; as, he threaped me down that it was so.

Threap (v. t.) To beat, or thrash.

Threap (v. t.) To cozen, or cheat.

Threap (v. i.) To contend obstinately; to be pertinacious.

Threap (n.) An obstinate decision or determination; a pertinacious affirmation.

Threat (n.) The expression of an intention to inflict evil or injury on another; the declaration of an evil, loss, or pain to come; menace; threatening; denunciation.

Threat (n.) To threaten.

Threatened (imp. & p. p.) of Threaten

Threatening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Threaten

Threaten (v. t.) To utter threats against; to menace; to inspire with apprehension; to alarm, or attempt to alarm, as with the promise of something evil or disagreeable; to warn.

Threaten (v. t.) To exhibit the appearance of (something evil or unpleasant) as approaching; to indicate as impending; to announce the conditional infliction of; as, to threaten war; to threaten death.

Threaten (v. i.) To use threats, or menaces; also, to have a threatening appearance.

Threatener (n.) One who threatens.

Threatening () a. & n. from Threaten, v.

Threatful (a.) Full of threats; having a menacing appearance.

Threave (n.) Same as Thrave.

Three (a.) One more than two; two and one.

Three (n.) The number greater by a unit than two; three units or objects.

Three (n.) A symbol representing three units, as 3 or iii.

Three-coat (a.) Having or consisting of three coats; -- applied to plastering which consists of pricking-up, floating, and a finishing coat; or, as called in the United States, a scratch coat, browning, and finishing coat.

Three-cornered (a.) Having three corners, or angles; as, a three-cornered hat.

Three-cornered (a.) Having three prominent longitudinal angles; as, a three-cornered stem.

Three-decker (n.) A vessel of war carrying guns on three decks.

Three-flowered (a.) Bearing three flowers together, or only three flowers.

Threefold (a.) Consisting of three, or thrice repeated; triple; as, threefold justice.

Three-handed (a.) Said of games or contests where three persons play against each other, or two against one; as, a three-handed game of cards.

Three-leafed (a.) Alt. of Three-leaved

Three-leaved (a.) Producing three leaves; as, three-leaved nightshade.

Three-leaved (a.) Consisting of three distinct leaflets; having the leaflets arranged in threes.

Three-lobed (a.) Having three lobes.

Three-nerved (a.) Having three nerves.

Three-parted (a.) Divided into, or consisting of, three parts; tripartite.

Threepence (n.) A small silver coin of three times the value of a penny.

Threepenny (a.) Costing or worth three pence; hence, worth but little; poor; mean.

Three-pile (n.) An old name for the finest and most costly kind of velvet, having a fine, thick pile.

Three-piled (a.) Having the quality of three-pile; best; most costly.

Three-piled (a.) Fig.: Extravagant; exaggerated; high-flown.

Three-piled (a.) Accustomed to wearing three-pile; hence, of high rank, or wealth.

Three-ply (a.) Consisting of three distinct webs inwrought together in weaving, as cloth or carpeting; having three strands; threefold.

Three-pointed (a.) Having three acute or setigerous points; tricuspidate.

Three-quarter (a.) Measuring thirty inches by twenty-five; -- said of portraitures.

Three-score (a.) Thrice twenty; sixty.

Three-sided (a.) Having three sides, especially three plane sides; as, a three-sided stem, leaf, petiole, peduncle, scape, or pericarp.

Three-square (a.) Having a cross section in the form of an equilateral triangle; -- said especially of a kind of file.

Three-valved (a.) Consisting of, or having, three valves; opening with three valves; as, a three-valved pericarp.

Three-way (a.) Connected with, or serving to connect, three channels or pipes; as, a three-way cock or valve.

Threne (n.) Lamentation; threnody; a dirge.

Threnetic (a.) Alt. of Threnetical

Threnetical (a.) Pertaining to a threne; sorrowful; mournful.

Threnode (n.) A threne, or threnody; a dirge; a funeral song.

Threnodist (n.) One who composes, delivers, or utters, a threnode, or threnody.

Threnody (n.) A song of lamentation; a threnode.

Threpe (v. t.) To call; to term.

Threpsology (n.) The doctrine of nutrition; a treatise on nutrition.

Threshed (imp. & p. p.) of Thresh

Threshing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thresh

Thresh (v. t. & i.) Same as Thrash.

Thresher (n.) Same as Thrasher.

Thresh-fold (n.) Threshold.

Threshold (n.) The plank, stone, or piece of timber, which lies under a door, especially of a dwelling house, church, temple, or the like; the doorsill; hence, entrance; gate; door.

Threshold (n.) Fig.: The place or point of entering or beginning, entrance; outset; as, the threshold of life.

Threshwold (n.) Threshold.

Threste (imp.) of Threste

Threst (p. p. &) of Threste

Threste (v. t.) To thrust.

Thretteen (a.) Thirteen.

Thretty (a.) Thirty.

Threw () imp. of Throw.

Thribble (a.) Triple; treble; threefold.

Thrice (adv.) Three times.

Thrice (adv.) In a threefold manner or degree; repeatedly; very.

Thricecock (n.) The missel thrush.

Thrid (a.) Third.

Thridded (imp. & p. p.) of Thrid

Thridding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thrid

Thrid (v. t.) To pass through in the manner of a thread or a needle; to make or find a course through; to thread.

Thrid (v. t.) To make or effect (a way or course) through something; as, to thrid one's way through a wood.

Thrid (n.) Thread; continuous line.

Thrifallow (v. t.) See Thryfallow, and Trifallow.

Thrift (n.) A thriving state; good husbandry; economical management in regard to property; frugality.

Thrift (n.) Success and advance in the acquisition of property; increase of worldly goods; gain; prosperity.

Thrift (n.) Vigorous growth, as of a plant.

Thrift (n.) One of several species of flowering plants of the genera Statice and Armeria.

Thriftily (adv.) In a thrifty manner.

Thriftily (adv.) Carefully; properly; becomingly.

Thriftiness (n.) The quality or state of being thrifty; thrift.

Thriftless (a.) Without thrift; not prudent or prosperous in money affairs.

Thrifty (superl.) Given to, or evincing, thrift; characterized by economy and good menegement of property; sparing; frugal.

Thrifty (superl.) Thriving by industry and frugality; prosperous in the acquisition of worldly goods; increasing in wealth; as, a thrifty farmer or mechanic.

Thrifty (superl.) Growing rapidly or vigorously; thriving; as, a thrifty plant or colt.

Thrifty (superl.) Secured by thrift; well husbanded.

Thrifty (superl.) Well appearing; looking or being in good condition; becoming.

Thrill (n.) A warbling; a trill.

Thrill (v. t.) A breathing place or hole; a nostril, as of a bird.

Thrilled (imp. & p. p.) of Thrill

Thrilling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thrill

Thrill (v. t.) To perforate by a pointed instrument; to bore; to transfix; to drill.

Thrill (v. t.) Hence, to affect, as if by something that pierces or pricks; to cause to have a shivering, throbbing, tingling, or exquisite sensation; to pierce; to penetrate.

Thrill (v. t.) To hurl; to throw; to cast.

Thrill (v. i.) To pierce, as something sharp; to penetrate; especially, to cause a tingling sensation that runs through the system with a slight shivering; as, a sharp sound thrills through the whole frame.

Thrill (v. i.) To feel a sharp, shivering, tingling, or exquisite sensation, running through the body.

Thrill (n.) A drill. See 3d Drill, 1.

Thrill (n.) A sensation as of being thrilled; a tremulous excitement; as, a thrill of horror; a thrill of joy.

Thrillant (a.) Piercing; sharp; thrilling.

Thrilling (a.) Causing a thrill; causing tremulous excitement; deeply moving; as, a thrilling romance.

Throng (imp.) of Thring

Thring (v. t. & i.) To press, crowd, or throng.

Thrips (n.) Any one of numerous small species of Thysanoptera, especially those which attack useful plants, as the grain thrips (Thrips cerealium).

Thrist (n.) Thrist.

Thrittene (a.) Thirteen.

Throve (imp.) of Thrive

Thrived () of Thrive

Thrived (p. p.) of Thrive

Thriven () of Thrive

Thriving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thrive

Thrive (v. i.) To prosper by industry, economy, and good management of property; to increase in goods and estate; as, a farmer thrives by good husbandry.

Thrive (v. i.) To prosper in any business; to have increase or success.

Thrive (v. i.) To increase in bulk or stature; to grow vigorously or luxuriantly, as a plant; to flourish; as, young cattle thrive in rich pastures; trees thrive in a good soil.

Thriven () p. p. of Thrive.

Thriver (n.) One who thrives, or prospers.

Thrivingly (adv.) In a thriving manner.

Thrivingness (n.) The quality or condition of one who thrives; prosperity; growth; increase.

Thro' () A contraction of Through.

Throat (n.) The part of the neck in front of, or ventral to, the vertebral column.

Throat (n.) Hence, the passage through it to the stomach and lungs; the pharynx; -- sometimes restricted to the fauces.

Throat (n.) A contracted portion of a vessel, or of a passage way; as, the throat of a pitcher or vase.

Throat (n.) The part of a chimney between the gathering, or portion of the funnel which contracts in ascending, and the flue.

Throat (n.) The upper fore corner of a boom-and-gaff sail, or of a staysail.

Throat (n.) That end of a gaff which is next the mast.

Throat (n.) The angle where the arm of an anchor is joined to the shank.

Throat (n.) The inside of a timber knee.

Throat (n.) The orifice of a tubular organ; the outer end of the tube of a monopetalous corolla; the faux, or fauces.

Throat (v. t.) To utter in the throat; to mutter; as, to throat threats.

Throat (v. t.) To mow, as beans, in a direction against their bending.

Throatband (n.) Same as Throatlatch.

Throatboll (n.) The Adam's apple in the neck.

Throating (n.) A drip, or drip molding.

Throatlatch (n.) A strap of a bridle, halter, or the like, passing under a horse's throat.

Throatwort (n.) A plant (Campanula Trachelium) formerly considered a remedy for sore throats because of its throat-shaped corolla.

Throaty (a.) Guttural; hoarse; having a guttural voice.

Throbbed (imp. & p. p.) of Throb

Throbbing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Throb

Throb (v. i.) To beat, or pulsate, with more than usual force or rapidity; to beat in consequence of agitation; to palpitate; -- said of the heart, pulse, etc.

Throb (n.) A beat, or strong pulsation, as of the heart and arteries; a violent beating; a papitation:

Throdden (v. i.) To grow; to thrive.

Throe (n.) Extreme pain; violent pang; anguish; agony; especially, one of the pangs of travail in childbirth, or purturition.

Throe (n.) A tool for splitting wood into shingles; a frow.

Throe (v. i.) To struggle in extreme pain; to be in agony; to agonize.

Throe (v. t.) To put in agony.

Thrombosis (n.) The obstruction of a blood vessel by a clot formed at the site of obstruction; -- distinguished from embolism, which is produced by a clot or foreign body brought from a distance.

Thrombi (pl. ) of Thrombus

Thrombus (n.) A clot of blood formed of a passage of a vessel and remaining at the site of coagulation.

Thrombus (n.) A tumor produced by the escape of blood into the subcutaneous cellular tissue.

Throne (n.) A chair of state, commonly a royal seat, but sometimes the seat of a prince, bishop, or other high dignitary.

Throne (n.) Hence, sovereign power and dignity; also, the one who occupies a throne, or is invested with sovereign authority; an exalted or dignified personage.

Throne (n.) A high order of angels in the celestial hierarchy; -- a meaning given by the schoolmen.

Throned (imp. & p. p.) of Throne

Throning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Throne

Throne (v. t.) To place on a royal seat; to enthrone.

Throne (v. t.) To place in an elevated position; to give sovereignty or dominion to; to exalt.

Throne (v. i.) To be in, or sit upon, a throne; to be placed as if upon a throne.

Throneless (a.) Having no throne.

Throng (n.) A multitude of persons or of living beings pressing or pressed into a close body or assemblage; a crowd.

Throng (n.) A great multitude; as, the heavenly throng.

Thronged (imp. & p. p.) of Throng

Thronging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Throng

Throng (v. i.) To crowd together; to press together into a close body, as a multitude of persons; to gather or move in multitudes.

Throng (v. t.) To crowd, or press, as persons; to oppress or annoy with a crowd of living beings.

Throng (v. t.) To crowd into; to fill closely by crowding or pressing into, as a hall or a street.

Throng (a.) Thronged; crowded; also, much occupied; busy.

Throngly (adv.) In throngs or crowds.

Throp (n.) A thorp.

Thropple (n.) The windpipe.

Thropple (v. t.) To throttle.

Throstle (n.) The song thrush. See under Song.

Throstle (n.) A machine for spinning wool, cotton, etc., from the rove, consisting of a set of drawing rollers with bobbins and flyers, and differing from the mule in having the twisting apparatus stationary and the processes continuous; -- so called because it makes a singing noise.

Throstling (n.) A disease of bovine cattle, consisting of a swelling under the throat, which, unless checked, causes strangulation.

Throttle (n.) The windpipe, or trachea; the weasand.

Throttle (n.) The throttle valve.

Throttled (imp. & p. p.) of Throttle

Throttling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Throttle

Throttle (v. t.) To compress the throat of; to choke; to strangle.

Throttle (v. t.) To utter with breaks and interruption, in the manner of a person half suffocated.

Throttle (v. t.) To shut off, or reduce flow of, as steam to an engine.

Throttle (v. i.) To have the throat obstructed so as to be in danger of suffocation; to choke; to suffocate.

Throttle (v. i.) To breathe hard, as when nearly suffocated.

Throttler (n.) One who, or that which, throttles, or chokes.

Throttler (n.) See Flasher, 3 (b).

Through (prep.) From end to end of, or from side to side of; from one surface or limit of, to the opposite; into and out of at the opposite, or at another, point; as, to bore through a piece of timber, or through a board; a ball passes through the side of a ship.

Through (prep.) Between the sides or walls of; within; as, to pass through a door; to go through an avenue.

Through (prep.) By means of; by the agency of.

Through (prep.) Over the whole surface or extent of; as, to ride through the country; to look through an account.

Through (prep.) Among or in the midst of; -- used to denote passage; as, a fish swims through the water; the light glimmers through a thicket.

Through (prep.) From the beginning to the end of; to the end or conclusion of; as, through life; through the year.

Through (adv.) From one end or side to the other; as, to pierce a thing through.

Through (adv.) From beginning to end; as, to read a letter through.

Through (adv.) To the end; to a conclusion; to the ultimate purpose; as, to carry a project through.

Through (a.) Going or extending through; going, extending, or serving from the beginning to the end; thorough; complete; as, a through line; a through ticket; a through train. Also, admitting of passage through; as, a through bridge.

Throughly (adv.) Thoroughly.

Throughout (prep.) Quite through; from one extremity to the other of; also, every part of; as, to search throughout the house.

Throughout (adv.) In every part; as, the cloth was of a piece throughout.

Throve () imp. of Thrive.

Throw (n.) Pain; especially, pain of travail; throe.

Throw (n.) Time; while; space of time; moment; trice.

Threw (imp.) of Throw

Thrown (p. p.) of Throw

Throwing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Throw

Throw (v. t.) To fling, cast, or hurl with a certain whirling motion of the arm, to throw a ball; -- distinguished from to toss, or to bowl.

Throw (v. t.) To fling or cast in any manner; to drive to a distance from the hand or from an engine; to propel; to send; as, to throw stones or dust with the hand; a cannon throws a ball; a fire engine throws a stream of water to extinguish flames.

Throw (v. t.) To drive by violence; as, a vessel or sailors may be thrown upon a rock.

Throw (v. t.) To cause to take a strategic position; as, he threw a detachment of his army across the river.

Throw (v. t.) To overturn; to prostrate in wrestling; as, a man throws his antagonist.

Throw (v. t.) To cast, as dice; to venture at dice.

Throw (v. t.) To put on hastily; to spread carelessly.

Throw (v. t.) To divest or strip one's self of; to put off.

Throw (v. t.) To form or shape roughly on a throwing engine, or potter's wheel, as earthen vessels.

Throw (v. t.) To give forcible utterance to; to cast; to vent.

Throw (v. t.) To bring forth; to produce, as young; to bear; -- said especially of rabbits.

Throw (v. t.) To twist two or more filaments of, as silk, so as to form one thread; to twist together, as singles, in a direction contrary to the twist of the singles themselves; -- sometimes applied to the whole class of operations by which silk is prepared for the weaver.

Throw (v. i.) To perform the act of throwing or casting; to cast; specifically, to cast dice.

Throw (n.) The act of hurling or flinging; a driving or propelling from the hand or an engine; a cast.

Throw (n.) A stroke; a blow.

Throw (n.) The distance which a missile is, or may be, thrown; as, a stone's throw.

Throw (n.) A cast of dice; the manner in which dice fall when cast; as, a good throw.

Throw (n.) An effort; a violent sally.

Throw (n.) The extreme movement given to a sliding or vibrating reciprocating piece by a cam, crank, eccentric, or the like; travel; stroke; as, the throw of a slide valve. Also, frequently, the length of the radius of a crank, or the eccentricity of an eccentric; as, the throw of the crank of a steam engine is equal to half the stroke of the piston.

Throw (n.) A potter's wheel or table; a jigger. See 2d Jigger, 2 (a).

Throw (n.) A turner's lathe; a throwe.

Throw (n.) The amount of vertical displacement produced by a fault; -- according to the direction it is designated as an upthrow, or a downthrow.

Throw-crook (n.) An instrument used for twisting ropes out of straw.

Throwe (n.) A turning lathe.

Thrower (n.) One who throws. Specifically: (a) One who throws or twists silk; a throwster. (b) One who shapes vessels on a throwing engine.

Throwing () a. & n. from Throw, v.

Thrown () a. & p. p. from Throw, v.

Throw-off (n.) A start in a hunt or a race.

Throwster (n.) One who throws or twists silk; a thrower.

Thru (prep., adv. & a.) Through.

Thrum (n.) One of the ends of weaver's threads; hence, any soft, short threads or tufts resembling these.

Thrum (n.) Any coarse yarn; an unraveled strand of rope.

Thrum (n.) A threadlike part of a flower; a stamen.

Thrum (n.) A shove out of place; a small displacement or fault along a seam.

Thrum (n.) A mat made of canvas and tufts of yarn.

Thrummed (imp. & p. p.) of Thrum

Thrumming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thrum

Thrum (v. t.) To furnish with thrums; to insert tufts in; to fringe.

Thrum (v. t.) To insert short pieces of rope-yarn or spun yarn in; as, to thrum a piece of canvas, or a mat, thus making a rough or tufted surface.

Thrum (v. i.) To play rudely or monotonously on a stringed instrument with the fingers; to strum.

Thrum (v. i.) Hence, to make a monotonous drumming noise; as, to thrum on a table.

Thrum (v. t.) To play, as a stringed instrument, in a rude or monotonous manner.

Thrum (v. t.) Hence, to drum on; to strike in a monotonous manner; to thrum the table.

Thrum-eyed (a.) Having the anthers raised above the stigma, and visible at the throat of the corolla, as in long-stamened primroses; -- the reverse of pin-eyed.

Thrummy (a.) Like thrums; made of, furnished with, or characterized by, thrums.

Thrumwort (n.) A kind of amaranth (Amarantus caudatus).

Thruout () Throughout.

Thrush (n.) Any one of numerous species of singing birds belonging to Turdus and allied genera. They are noted for the sweetness of their songs.

Thrush (n.) Any one of numerous species of singing birds more or less resembling the true thrushes in appearance or habits; as the thunderbird and the American brown thrush (or thrasher). See Brown thrush.

Thrush (n.) An affection of the mouth, fauces, etc., common in newly born children, characterized by minute ulcers called aphthae. See Aphthae.

Thrush (n.) An inflammatory and suppurative affection of the feet in certain animals. In the horse it is in the frog.

Thrushel (n.) The song thrush.

Thrusher (n.) The song thrush.

Thrust (n. & v.) Thrist.

Thrust (imp. & p. p.) of Thrust

Thrusting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thrust

Thrust (v. t.) To push or drive with force; to drive, force, or impel; to shove; as, to thrust anything with the hand or foot, or with an instrument.

Thrust (v. t.) To stab; to pierce; -- usually with through.

Thrust (v. i.) To make a push; to attack with a pointed weapon; as, a fencer thrusts at his antagonist.

Thrust (v. i.) To enter by pushing; to squeeze in.

Thrust (v. i.) To push forward; to come with force; to press on; to intrude.

Thrust (n.) A violent push or driving, as with a pointed weapon moved in the direction of its length, or with the hand or foot, or with any instrument; a stab; -- a word much used as a term of fencing.

Thrust (n.) An attack; an assault.

Thrust (n.) The force or pressure of one part of a construction against other parts; especially (Arch.), a horizontal or diagonal outward pressure, as of an arch against its abutments, or of rafters against the wall which support them.

Thrust (n.) The breaking down of the roof of a gallery under its superincumbent weight.

Thruster (n.) One who thrusts or stabs.

Thrusting (n.) The act of pushing with force.

Thrusting (n.) The act of squeezing curd with the hand, to expel the whey.

Thrusting (n.) The white whey, or that which is last pressed out of the curd by the hand, and of which butter is sometimes made.

Thrustle (n.) The throstle, or song thrust.

Thryes (a.) Thrice.

Thryfallow (v. t.) To plow for the third time in summer; to trifallow.

Thud (n.) A dull sound without resonance, like that produced by striking with, or striking against, some comparatively soft substance; also, the stroke or blow producing such sound; as, the thrud of a cannon ball striking the earth.

Thug (n.) One of an association of robbers and murderers in India who practiced murder by stealthy approaches, and from religious motives. They have been nearly exterminated by the British government.

Thuggee (n.) The practice of secret or stealthy murder by Thugs.

Thuggery (n.) Alt. of Thuggism

Thuggism (n.) Thuggee.

Thuja (n.) A genus of evergreen trees, thickly branched, remarkable for the distichous arrangement of their branches, and having scalelike, closely imbricated, or compressed leaves.

Thule (n.) The name given by ancient geographers to the northernmost part of the habitable world. According to some, this land was Norway, according to others, Iceland, or more probably Mainland, the largest of the Shetland islands; hence, the Latin phrase ultima Thule, farthest Thule.

Thulia (n.) Oxide of thulium.

Thulium (n.) A rare metallic element of uncertain properties and identity, said to have been found in the mineral gadolinite.

Thumb (n.) The short, thick first digit of the human hand, differing from the other fingers in having but two phalanges; the pollex. See Pollex.

Thumbed (imp. & p. p.) of Thumb

Thumbing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thumb

Thumb (v. t.) To handle awkwardly.

Thumb (v. t.) To play with the thumbs, or with the thumbs and fingers; as, to thumb over a tune.

Thumb (v. t.) To soil or wear with the thumb or the fingers; to soil, or wear out, by frequent handling; also, to cover with the thumb; as, to thumb the touch-hole of a cannon.

Thumb (v. i.) To play with the thumb or thumbs; to play clumsily; to thrum.

Thumbbird (n.) The goldcrest.

Thumbed (a.) Having thumbs.

Thumbed (a.) Soiled by handling.

Thumbkin (n.) An instrument of torture for compressing the thumb; a thumbscrew.

Thumbless (a.) Without a thumb.

Thumbscrew (n.) A screw having a flat-sided or knurled head, so that it may be turned by the thumb and forefinger.

Thumbscrew (n.) An old instrument of torture for compressing the thumb by a screw; a thumbkin.

Thummie (n.) The chiff-chaff.

Thummim (n. pl.) A mysterious part or decoration of the breastplate of the Jewish high priest. See the note under Urim.

Thump (n.) The sound made by the sudden fall or blow of a heavy body, as of a hammer, or the like.

Thump (n.) A blow or knock, as with something blunt or heavy; a heavy fall.

Thumped (imp. & p. p.) of Thump

Thumping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thump

Thump (v. t.) To strike or beat with something thick or heavy, or so as to cause a dull sound.

Thump (v. i.) To give a thump or thumps; to strike or fall with a heavy blow; to pound.

Thumper (n.) One who, or that which, thumps.

Thumping (a.) Heavy; large.

Thunder (n.) The sound which follows a flash of lightning; the report of a discharge of atmospheric electricity.

Thunder (n.) The discharge of electricity; a thunderbolt.

Thunder (n.) Any loud noise; as, the thunder of cannon.

Thunder (n.) An alarming or statrling threat or denunciation.

Thundered (imp. & p. p.) of Thunder

Thundering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thunder

Thunder (n.) To produce thunder; to sound, rattle, or roar, as a discharge of atmospheric electricity; -- often used impersonally; as, it thundered continuously.

Thunder (n.) Fig.: To make a loud noise; esp. a heavy sound, of some continuance.

Thunder (n.) To utter violent denunciation.

Thunder (v. t.) To emit with noise and terror; to utter vehemently; to publish, as a threat or denunciation.

Thunderbird (n.) An Australian insectivorous singing bird (Pachycephala gutturalis). The male is conspicuously marked with black and yellow, and has a black crescent on the breast. Called also white-throated thickhead, orange-breasted thrust, black-crowned thrush, guttural thrush, and black-breasted flycatcher.

Thunderbolt (n.) A shaft of lightning; a brilliant stream of electricity passing from one part of the heavens to another, or from the clouds to the earth.

Thunderbolt (n.) Something resembling lightning in suddenness and effectiveness.

Thunderbolt (n.) Vehement threatening or censure; especially, ecclesiastical denunciation; fulmination.

Thunderbolt (n.) A belemnite, or thunderstone.

Thunderburst (n.) A burst of thunder.

Thunderclap (n.) A sharp burst of thunder; a sudden report of a discharge of atmospheric electricity.

Thundercloud (n.) A cloud charged with electricity, and producing lightning and thunder.

Thunderer (n.) One who thunders; -- used especially as a translation of L. tonans, an epithet applied by the Romans to several of their gods, esp. to Jupiter.

Thunderfish (n.) A large European loach (Misgurnus fossilis).

Thunderhead (n.) A rounded mass of cloud, with shining white edges; a cumulus, -- often appearing before a thunderstorm.

Thundering (a.) Emitting thunder.

Thundering (a.) Very great; -- often adverbially.

Thundering (n.) Thunder.

Thunderless (a.) Without thunder or noise.

Thunderous (a.) Producing thunder.

Thunderous (a.) Making a noise like thunder; sounding loud and deep; sonorous.

Thunderproof (a.) Secure against the effects of thunder or lightning.

Thundershower (n.) A shower accompanied with lightning and thunder.

Thunderstone (n.) A thunderbolt, -- formerly believed to be a stone.

Thunderstone (n.) A belemnite. See Belemnite.

Thunderstorm (n.) A storm accompanied with lightning and thunder.

Thunderstruck (imp.) of Thunderstrike

Thunderstruck (p. p.) of Thunderstrike

-strucken () of Thunderstrike

Thunderstriking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thunderstrike

Thunderstrike (v. t.) To strike, blast, or injure by, or as by, lightning.

Thunderstrike (v. t.) To astonish, or strike dumb, as with something terrible; -- rarely used except in the past participle.

Thunderworm (n.) A small, footless, burrowing, snakelike lizard (Rhineura Floridana) allied to Amphisbaena, native of Florida; -- so called because it leaves its burrows after a thundershower.

Thundery (a.) Accompanied with thunder; thunderous.

Thundrous (a.) Thunderous; sonorous.

Thunny (n.) The tunny.

Thurgh (prep.) Through.

Thurghfare (n.) Thoroughfare.

Thurible (n.) A censer of metal, for burning incense, having various forms, held in the hand or suspended by chains; -- used especially at mass, vespers, and other solemn services.

Thuriferous (a.) Producing or bearing frankincense.

Thurification (n.) The act of fuming with incense, or the act of burning incense.

Thuringian (a.) Of or pertaining to Thuringia, a country in Germany, or its people.

Thuringian (n.) A native, or inhabitant of Thuringia.

Thuringite (n.) A mineral occurring as an aggregation of minute scales having an olive-green color and pearly luster. It is a hydrous silicate of aluminia and iron.

Thurl (n.) A hole; an aperture.

Thurl (n.) A short communication between adits in a mine.

Thurl (n.) A long adit in a coalpit.

Thurl (v. t.) To cut through; to pierce.

Thurl (v. t.) To cut through, as a partition between one working and another.

Thurling (n.) Same as Thurl, n., 2 (a).

Thurrok (n.) The hold of a ship; a sink.

Thursday (n.) The fifth day of the week, following Wednesday and preceding Friday.

Thurst (n.) The ruins of the fallen roof resulting from the removal of the pillars and stalls.

Thus (n.) The commoner kind of frankincense, or that obtained from the Norway spruce, the long-leaved pine, and other conifers.

Thus (adv.) In this or that manner; on this wise.

Thus (adv.) To this degree or extent; so far; so; as, thus wise; thus peaceble; thus bold.

Thussock (n.) See Tussock.

Thuya (n.) Same as Thuja.

Thuyin (n.) A substance extracted from trees of the genus Thuja, or Thuya, and probably identical with quercitrin.

Thwacked (imp. & p. p.) of Thwack

Thwacking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thwack

Thwack (v. t.) To strike with something flat or heavy; to bang, or thrash: to thump.

Thwack (v. t.) To fill to overflow.

Thwack (n.) A heavy blow with something flat or heavy; a thump.

Thwaite (n.) The twaite.

Thwaite (n.) Forest land cleared, and converted to tillage; an assart.

Thwart (a.) Situated or placed across something else; transverse; oblique.

Thwart (a.) Fig.: Perverse; crossgrained.

Thwart (a.) Thwartly; obliquely; transversely; athwart.

Thwart (prep.) Across; athwart.

Thwart (n.) A seat in an open boat reaching from one side to the other, or athwart the boat.

Thwarted (imp. & p. p.) of Thwart

Thwarting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Thwart

Thwart (v. t.) To move across or counter to; to cross; as, an arrow thwarts the air.

Thwart (v. t.) To cross, as a purpose; to oppose; to run counter to; to contravene; hence, to frustrate or defeat.

Thwart (v. i.) To move or go in an oblique or crosswise manner.

Thwart (v. i.) Hence, to be in opposition; to clash.

Thwarter (n.) A disease in sheep, indicated by shaking, trembling, or convulsive motions.

Thwartingly (adv.) In a thwarting or obstructing manner; so as to thwart.

Thwartly (adv.) Transversely; obliquely.

Thwartness (n.) The quality or state of being thwart; obliquity; perverseness.

Thwite (v. t.) To cut or clip with a knife; to whittle.

Thwittle (v. t.) To cut or whittle.

Thwittle (n.) A small knife; a whittle.

Thy (pron.) Of thee, or belonging to thee; the more common form of thine, possessive case of thou; -- used always attributively, and chiefly in the solemn or grave style, and in poetry. Thine is used in the predicate; as, the knife is thine. See Thine.

Thyine wood () The fragrant and beautiful wood of a North African tree (Callitris quadrivalvis), formerly called Thuja articulata. The tree is of the Cedar family, and furnishes a balsamic resin called sandarach.

Thylacine (n.) The zebra wolf. See under Wolf.

Thymate (n.) A compound of thymol analogous to a salt; as, sodium thymate.

Thyme (n.) Any plant of the labiate genus Thymus. The garden thyme (Thymus vulgaris) is a warm, pungent aromatic, much used to give a relish to seasoning and soups.

Thymene (n.) A liquid terpene obtained from oil of thyme.

Thymiatechny (n.) The art of employing perfumes in medicine.

Thymic (a.) Of or pertaining to the thymus gland.

Thymic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, thyme; as, thymic acid.

Thymol (n.) A phenol derivative of cymene, C10H13.OH, isomeric with carvacrol, found in oil of thyme, and extracted as a white crystalline substance of a pleasant aromatic odor and strong antiseptic properties; -- called also hydroxy cymene.

Thymus (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, the thymus gland.

Thymus (n.) The thymus gland.

Thymy (a.) Abounding with thyme; fragrant; as, a thymy vale.

Thyro- () A combining form used in anatomy to indicate connection with, or relation to, the thyroid body or the thyroid cartilage; as, thyrohyal.

Thyroarytenoid (a.) Of or pertaining to both the thyroid and arytenoid cartilages of the larynx.

Thyrohyal (n.) One of the lower segments in the hyoid arch, often consolidated with the body of the hyoid bone and forming one of its great horns, as in man.

Thyrohyoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the thyroid cartilage of the larynx and the hyoid arch.

Thyroid (a.) Shaped like an oblong shield; shield-shaped; as, the thyroid cartilage.

Thyroid (a.) Of or pertaining to the thyroid body, thyroid cartilage, or thyroid artery; thyroideal.

Thyroideal (a.) Thyroid.

Thyrotomy (n.) The operation of cutting into the thyroid cartilage.

Thyrse (n.) A thyrsus.

Thyrsoid (a.) Alt. of Thyrsoidal

Thyrsoidal (a.) Having somewhat the form of a thyrsus.

Thyrsi (pl. ) of Thyrsus

Thyrsus (n.) A staff entwined with ivy, and surmounted by a pine cone, or by a bunch of vine or ivy leaves with grapes or berries. It is an attribute of Bacchus, and of the satyrs and others engaging in Bacchic rites.

Thyrsus (n.) A species of inflorescence; a dense panicle, as in the lilac and horse-chestnut.

Thysanopter (n.) One of the Thysanoptera.

Thysanoptera (n. pl.) A division of insects, considered by some writers a distinct order, but regarded by others as belonging to the Hemiptera. They are all of small size, and have narrow, broadly fringed wings with rudimentary nervures. Most of the species feed upon the juices of plants, and some, as those which attack grain, are very injurious to crops. Called also Physopoda. See Thrips.

Thysanopteran (n.) One of the Thysanoptera.

Thysanopterous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Thysanoptera.

Thysanura (n. pl.) An order of wingless hexapod insects which have setiform caudal appendages, either bent beneath the body to form a spring, or projecting as bristles. It comprises the Cinura, or bristletails, and the Collembola, or springtails. Called also Thysanoura. See Lepisma, and Podura.

Thysanuran (n.) One of the Thysanura. Also used adjectively.

Thysanurous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Thysanura.

Thysbe (n.) A common clearwing moth (Hemaris thysbe).

Thyself (pron.) An emphasized form of the personal pronoun of the second person; -- used as a subject commonly with thou; as, thou thyself shalt go; that is, thou shalt go, and no other. It is sometimes used, especially in the predicate, without thou, and in the nominative as well as in the objective case.

Uhlan (n.) One of a certain description of militia among the Tartars.

Uhlan (n.) One of a kind of light cavalry of Tartaric origin, first introduced into European armies in Poland. They are armed with lances, pistols, and sabers, and are employed chiefly as skirmishers.

V hook () A gab at the end of an eccentric rod, with long jaws, shaped like the letter V.

Whaap (n.) The European curlew; -- called also awp, whaup, great whaup, and stock whaup.

Whaap (n.) The whimbrel; -- called also May whaup, little whaup, and tang whaup.

Whacked (imp. & p. p.) of Whack

Whacking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whack

Whack (v. t.) To strike; to beat; to give a heavy or resounding blow to; to thrash; to make with whacks.

Whack (v. i.) To strike anything with a smart blow.

Whack (n.) A smart resounding blow.

Whacker (n.) One who whacks.

Whacker (n.) Anything very large; specif., a great lie; a whapper.

Whacking (a.) Very large; whapping.

Whahoo (n.) An American tree, the winged elm. (Ulmus alata).

Whaled (imp. & p. p.) of Whala

Whaling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whala

Whala (v. t.) To lash with stripes; to wale; to thrash; to drub.

Whale (n.) Any aquatic mammal of the order Cetacea, especially any one of the large species, some of which become nearly one hundred feet long. Whales are hunted chiefly for their oil and baleen, or whalebone.

Whaleboat (n.) A long, narrow boat, sharp at both ends, used by whalemen.

Whalebone (n.) A firm, elastic substance resembling horn, taken from the upper jaw of the right whale; baleen. It is used as a stiffening in stays, fans, screens, and for various other purposes. See Baleen.

Whalemen (pl. ) of Whaleman

Whaleman (n.) A man employed in the whale fishery.

Whaler (n.) A vessel or person employed in the whale fishery.

Whaler (n.) One who whales, or beats; a big, strong fellow; hence, anything of great or unusual size.

Whaling (n.) The hunting of whales.

Whaling (a.) Pertaining to, or employed in, the pursuit of whales; as, a whaling voyage; a whaling vessel.

Whall (n.) A light color of the iris in horses; wall-eye.

Whally (a.) Having the iris of light color; -- said of horses.

Whame (n.) A breeze fly.

Whammel (v. t.) To turn over.

Whan (adv.) When.

Whang (n.) A leather thong.

Whang (v. t.) To beat.

Whanghee (n.) See Wanghee.

Whap (v. i.) Alt. of Whop

Whop (v. i.) To throw one's self quickly, or by an abrupt motion; to turn suddenly; as, she whapped down on the floor; the fish whapped over.

Whapped (imp. & p. p.) of Whop

Whapping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whop

Whap (v. t.) Alt. of Whop

Whop (v. t.) To beat or strike.

Whap (n.) Alt. of Whop

Whop (n.) A blow, or quick, smart stroke.

Whapper (n.) Alt. of Whopper

Whopper (n.) Something uncommonly large of the kind; something astonishing; -- applied especially to a bold lie.

Whapping (a.) Alt. of Whopping

Whopping (a.) Very large; monstrous; astonishing; as, a whapping story.

Wharfs (pl. ) of Wharf

Wharves (pl. ) of Wharf

Wharf (n.) A structure or platform of timber, masonry, iron, earth, or other material, built on the shore of a harbor, river, canal, or the like, and usually extending from the shore to deep water, so that vessels may lie close alongside to receive and discharge cargo, passengers, etc.; a quay; a pier.

Wharf (n.) The bank of a river, or the shore of the sea.

Wharfed (imp. & p. p.) of Wharf

Wharfing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Wharf

Wharf (v. t.) To guard or secure by a firm wall of timber or stone constructed like a wharf; to furnish with a wharf or wharfs.

Wharf (v. t.) To place upon a wharf; to bring to a wharf.

Wharfage (n.) The fee or duty paid for the privilege of using a wharf for loading or unloading goods; pierage, collectively; quayage.

Wharfage (n.) A wharf or wharfs, collectively; wharfing.

Wharfing (n.) Wharfs, collectively.

Wharfing (n.) A mode of facing sea walls and embankments with planks driven as piles and secured by ties.

Wharfinger (n.) A man who owns, or has the care of, a wharf.

Wharl (n.) Alt. of Wharling

Wharling (n.) A guttural pronunciation of the letter r; a burr. See Burr, n., 6.

Wharp (n.) A kind of fine sand from the banks of the Trent, used as a polishing powder.

What (pron., a., & adv.) As an interrogative pronoun, used in asking questions regarding either persons or things; as, what is this? what did you say? what poem is this? what child is lost?

What (pron., a., & adv.) As an exclamatory word: -- (a) Used absolutely or independently; -- often with a question following.

What (pron., a., & adv.) Used adjectively, meaning how remarkable, or how great; as, what folly! what eloquence! what courage!

What (pron., a., & adv.) Sometimes prefixed to adjectives in an adverbial sense, as nearly equivalent to how; as, what happy boys!

What (pron., a., & adv.) As a relative pronoun

What (pron., a., & adv.) Used substantively with the antecedent suppressed, equivalent to that which, or those [persons] who, or those [things] which; -- called a compound relative.

What (pron., a., & adv.) Used adjectively, equivalent to the . . . which; the sort or kind of . . . which; rarely, the . . . on, or at, which.

What (pron., a., & adv.) Used adverbially in a sense corresponding to the adjectival use; as, he picked what good fruit he saw.

What (pron., a., & adv.) Whatever; whatsoever; what thing soever; -- used indefinitely.

What (pron., a., & adv.) Used adverbially, in part; partly; somewhat; -- with a following preposition, especially, with, and commonly with repetition.

What (n.) Something; thing; stuff.

What (interrog. adv.) Why? For what purpose? On what account?

Whate'er (pron.) A contraction of what-ever; -- used in poetry.

Whatever (pron.) Anything soever which; the thing or things of any kind; being this or that; of one nature or another; one thing or another; anything that may be; all that; the whole that; all particulars that; -- used both substantively and adjectively.

Whatnot (n.) A kind of stand, or piece of furniture, having shelves for books, ornaments, etc.; an etagere.

Whatso (indef. pron.) Whatsoever; whosoever; whatever; anything that.

Whatsoe'er (pron.) A contraction of whatsoever; -- used in poetry.

Whatsoever (pron. & a.) Whatever.

Whaul (n.) Same as Whall.

Whaup (n.) See Whaap.

Wheal (n.) A pustule; a whelk.

Wheal (n.) A more or less elongated mark raised by a stroke; also, a similar mark made by any cause; a weal; a wale.

Wheal (n.) Specifically (Med.), a flat, burning or itching eminence on the skin, such as is produced by a mosquito bite, or in urticaria.

Wheal (n.) A mine.

Whealworm (n.) The harvest mite; -- so called from the wheals, caused by its bite.

Wheat (n.) A cereal grass (Triticum vulgare) and its grain, which furnishes a white flour for bread, and, next to rice, is the grain most largely used by the human race.

Wheatbird (n.) A bird that feeds on wheat, especially the chaffinch.

Wheatear (n.) A small European singing bird (Saxicola /nanthe). The male is white beneath, bluish gray above, with black wings and a black stripe through each eye. The tail is black at the tip and in the middle, but white at the base and on each side. Called also checkbird, chickell, dykehopper, fallow chat, fallow finch, stonechat, and whitetail.

Wheaten (a.) Made of wheat; as, wheaten bread.

Wheatsel bird () The male of the chaffinch.

Wheatstone's bridge () See under Bridge.

Wheatworm (n.) A small nematode worm (Anguillula tritici) which attacks the grains of wheat in the ear. It is found in wheat affected with smut, each of the diseased grains containing a large number of the minute young of the worm.

Wheder (pron. & conj.) Whether.

Wheedled (imp. & p. p.) of Wheedle

Wheedling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Wheedle

Wheedle (v. t.) To entice by soft words; to cajole; to flatter; to coax.

Wheedle (v. t.) To grain, or get away, by flattery.

Wheedle (v. i.) To flatter; to coax; to cajole.

Wheel (n.) A circular frame turning about an axis; a rotating disk, whether solid, or a frame composed of an outer rim, spokes or radii, and a central hub or nave, in which is inserted the axle, -- used for supporting and conveying vehicles, in machinery, and for various purposes; as, the wheel of a wagon, of a locomotive, of a mill, of a watch, etc.

Wheel (n.) Any instrument having the form of, or chiefly consisting of, a wheel.

Wheel (n.) A spinning wheel. See under Spinning.

Wheel (n.) An instrument of torture formerly used.

Wheel (n.) A circular frame having handles on the periphery, and an axle which is so connected with the tiller as to form a means of controlling the rudder for the purpose of steering.

Wheel (n.) A potter's wheel. See under Potter.

Wheel (n.) A firework which, while burning, is caused to revolve on an axis by the reaction of the escaping gases.

Wheel (n.) The burden or refrain of a song.

Wheel (n.) A bicycle or a tricycle; a velocipede.

Wheel (n.) A rolling or revolving body; anything of a circular form; a disk; an orb.

Wheel (n.) A turn revolution; rotation; compass.

Wheeled (imp. & p. p.) of Wheel

Wheeling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Wheel

Wheel (v. t.) To convey on wheels, or in a wheeled vehicle; as, to wheel a load of hay or wood.

Wheel (v. t.) To put into a rotatory motion; to cause to turn or revolve; to cause to gyrate; to make or perform in a circle.

Wheel (v. i.) To turn on an axis, or as on an axis; to revolve; to more about; to rotate; to gyrate.

Wheel (v. i.) To change direction, as if revolving upon an axis or pivot; to turn; as, the troops wheeled to the right.

Wheel (v. i.) To go round in a circuit; to fetch a compass.

Wheel (v. i.) To roll forward.

Wheelband (n.) The tire of a wheel.

Wheelbarrow (n.) A light vehicle for conveying small loads. It has two handles and one wheel, and is rolled by a single person.

Wheelbird (n.) The European goatsucker.

Wheeled (a.) Having wheels; -- used chiefly in composition; as, a four-wheeled carriage.

Wheeler (n.) One who wheels, or turns.

Wheeler (n.) A maker of wheels; a wheelwright.

Wheeler (n.) A wheel horse. See under Wheel.

Wheeler (n.) A steam vessel propelled by a paddle wheel or by paddle wheels; -- used chiefly in the terms side-wheeler and stern-wheeler.

Wheeler (n.) A worker on sewed muslin.

Wheeler (n.) The European goatsucker.

Wheelhouse (n.) A small house on or above a vessel's deck, containing the steering wheel.

Wheelhouse (n.) A paddle box. See under Paddle.

Wheeling (n.) The act of conveying anything, or traveling, on wheels, or in a wheeled vehicle.

Wheeling (n.) The act or practice of using a cycle; cycling.

Wheeling (n.) Condition of a road or roads, which admits of passing on wheels; as, it is good wheeling, or bad wheeling.

Wheeling (n.) A turning, or circular movement.

Wheelmen (pl. ) of Wheelman

Wheelman (n.) One who rides a bicycle or tricycle; a cycler, or cyclist.

Wheel-shaped (a.) Shaped like a wheel.

Wheel-shaped (a.) Expanding into a flat, circular border at top, with scarcely any tube; as, a wheel-shaped corolla.

Wheelswarf (n.) See Swarf.

Wheelwork (n.) A combination of wheels, and their connection, in a machine or mechanism.

Wheel-worn (a.) Worn by the action of wheels; as, a wheel-worn road.

Wheelwright (n.) A man whose occupation is to make or repair wheels and wheeled vehicles, as carts, wagons, and the like.

Wheely (a.) Circular; suitable to rotation.

Wheen (n.) A quantity; a goodly number.

Wheezed (imp. & p. p.) of Wheeze

Wheezing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Wheeze

Wheeze (v. i.) To breathe hard, and with an audible piping or whistling sound, as persons affected with asthma.

Wheeze (n.) A piping or whistling sound caused by difficult respiration.

Wheeze (n.) An ordinary whisper exaggerated so as to produce the hoarse sound known as the "stage whisper." It is a forcible whisper with some admixture of tone.

Wheezy (a.) Breathing with difficulty and with a wheeze; wheezing. Used also figuratively.

Wheft (n.) See Waft, n., 4.

Whelk (n.) Any one numerous species of large marine gastropods belonging to Buccinum and allied genera; especially, Buccinum undatum, common on the coasts both of Europe and North America, and much used as food in Europe.

Whelk (n.) A papule; a pustule; acne.

Whelk (n.) A stripe or mark; a ridge; a wale.

Whelked (a.) Having whelks; whelky; as, whelked horns.

Whelky (a.) Having whelks, ridges, or protuberances; hence, streaked; striated.

Whelky (a.) Shelly.

Whelmed (imp. & p. p.) of Whelm

Whelming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whelm

Whelm (v. t.) To cover with water or other fluid; to cover by immersion in something that envelops on all sides; to overwhelm; to ingulf.

Whelm (v. t.) Fig.: To cover completely, as if with water; to immerse; to overcome; as, to whelm one in sorrows.

Whelm (v. t.) To throw (something) over a thing so as to cover it.

Whelp (n.) One of the young of a dog or a beast of prey; a puppy; a cub; as, a lion's whelps.

Whelp (n.) A child; a youth; -- jocosely or in contempt.

Whelp (n.) One of the longitudinal ribs or ridges on the barrel of a capstan or a windless; -- usually in the plural; as, the whelps of a windlass.

Whelp (n.) One of the teeth of a sprocket wheel.

Whelped (imp. & p. p.) of Whelp

Whelping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whelp

Whelp (v. i.) To bring forth young; -- said of the female of the dog and some beasts of prey.

Whelp (v. t.) To bring forth, as cubs or young; to give birth to.

When (adv.) At what time; -- used interrogatively.

When (adv.) At what time; at, during, or after the time that; at or just after, the moment that; -- used relatively.

When (adv.) While; whereas; although; -- used in the manner of a conjunction to introduce a dependent adverbial sentence or clause, having a causal, conditional, or adversative relation to the principal proposition; as, he chose to turn highwayman when he might have continued an honest man; he removed the tree when it was the best in the grounds.

When (adv.) Which time; then; -- used elliptically as a noun.

Whenas (conj.) Whereas; while

Whence (adv.) From what place; hence, from what or which source, origin, antecedent, premise, or the like; how; -- used interrogatively.

Whence (adv.) From what or which place, source, material, cause, etc.; the place, source, etc., from which; -- used relatively.

Whenceever (adv. & conj.) Whencesoever.

Whenceforth (adv.) From, or forth from, what or which place; whence.

Whencesoever (adv. & conj.) From what place soever; from what cause or source soever.

Whene'er (adv. & conj.) Whenever.

Whenever (adv. & conj.) At whatever time.

Whennes (adv.) Whence.

Whensoever (adv. & conj.) At what time soever; at whatever time; whenever.

Where (pron. & conj.) Whether.

Where (adv.) At or in what place; hence, in what situation, position, or circumstances; -- used interrogatively.

Where (adv.) At or in which place; at the place in which; hence, in the case or instance in which; -- used relatively.

Where (adv.) To what or which place; hence, to what goal, result, or issue; whither; -- used interrogatively and relatively; as, where are you going?

Where (conj.) Whereas.

Where (n.) Place; situation.

Whereabout (adv.) Alt. of Whereabouts

Whereabouts (adv.) About where; near what or which place; -- used interrogatively and relatively; as, whereabouts did you meet him?

Whereabouts (adv.) Concerning which; about which.

Whereabout (n.) Alt. of Whereabouts

Whereabouts (n.) The place where a person or thing is; as, they did not know his whereabouts.

Whereas (adv.) At which place; where.

Whereas (conj.) Considering that; it being the case that; since; -- used to introduce a preamble which is the basis of declarations, affirmations, commands, requests, or like, that follow.

Whereas (conj.) When in fact; while on the contrary; the case being in truth that; although; -- implying opposition to something that precedes; or implying recognition of facts, sometimes followed by a different statement, and sometimes by inferences or something consequent.

Whereat (adv.) At which; upon which; whereupon; -- used relatively.

Whereat (adv.) At what; -- used interrogatively; as, whereat are you offended?

Whereby (adv.) By which; -- used relatively.

Whereby (adv.) By what; how; -- used interrogatively.

Where'er (adv.) Wherever; -- a contracted and poetical form.

Wherefore (adv. & conj.) For which reason; so; -- used relatively.

Wherefore (adv. & conj.) For what reason; why; -- used interrogatively.

Wherefore (n.) the reason why.

Whereform (adv.) From which; from which or what place.

Wherein (adv.) In which; in which place, thing, time, respect, or the like; -- used relatively.

Wherein (adv.) In what; -- used interrogatively.

Whereinto (adv.) Into which; -- used relatively.

Whereinto (adv.) Into what; -- used interrogatively.

Whereness (n.) The quality or state of having a place; ubiety; situation; position.

Whereof (adv.) Of which; of whom; formerly, also, with which; -- used relatively.

Whereof (adv.) Of what; -- used interrogatively.

Whereon (adv.) On which; -- used relatively; as, the earth whereon we live.

Whereon (adv.) On what; -- used interrogatively; as, whereon do we stand?

Whereout (adv.) Out of which.

Whereso (adv.) Wheresoever.

Wheresoe'er (adv.) Wheresoever.

Wheresoever (adv.) In what place soever; in whatever place; wherever.

Wherethrough (adv.) Through which.

Whereto (adv.) To which; -- used relatively.

Whereto (adv.) To what; to what end; -- used interrogatively.

Whereunto (adv.) Same as Whereto.

Whereupon (adv.) Upon which; in consequence of which; after which.

Wherever (adv.) At or in whatever place; wheresoever.

Wherewith (adv.) With which; -- used relatively.

Wherewith (adv.) With what; -- used interrogatively.

Wherewith (n.) The necessary means or instrument.

Wherewithal (adv. & n.) Wherewith.

Whereret (v. t.) To hurry; to trouble; to tease.

Whereret (v. t.) To box (one) on the ear; to strike or box. (the ear); as, to wherret a child.

Wherret (n.) A box on the ear.

Wherries (pl. ) of Wherry

Wherry (n.) A passenger barge or lighter plying on rivers; also, a kind of light, half-decked vessel used in fishing.

Wherry (n.) A long, narrow, light boat, sharp at both ends, for fast rowing or sailing; esp., a racing boat rowed by one person with sculls.

Wherry (n.) A liquor made from the pulp of crab apples after the verjuice is expressed; -- sometimes called crab wherry.

Wherso (adv.) Wheresoever.

Whetted (imp. & p. p.) of Whet

Whetting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whet

Whet (v. t.) To rub or on with some substance, as a piece of stone, for the purpose of sharpening; to sharpen by attrition; as, to whet a knife.

Whet (v. t.) To make sharp, keen, or eager; to excite; to stimulate; as, to whet the appetite or the courage.

Whet (n.) The act of whetting.

Whet (n.) That which whets or sharpens; esp., an appetizer.

Whether (pron.) Which (of two); which one (of two); -- used interrogatively and relatively.

Whether (conj.) In case; if; -- used to introduce the first or two or more alternative clauses, the other or others being connected by or, or by or whether. When the second of two alternatives is the simple negative of the first it is sometimes only indicated by the particle not or no after the correlative, and sometimes it is omitted entirely as being distinctly implied in the whether of the first.

Whethering (n.) The retention of the afterbirth in cows.

Whetile (n.) The green woodpecker, or yaffle. See Yaffle.

Whetstone (n.) A piece of stone, natural or artificial, used for whetting, or sharpening, edge tools.

Whetter (n.) One who, or that which, whets, sharpens, or stimulates.

Whetter (n.) A tippler; one who drinks whets.

Whettlebones (n. pl.) The vertebrae of the back.

Whew (n. & interj.) A sound like a half-formed whistle, expressing astonishment, scorn, or dislike.

Whew (v. i.) To whistle with a shrill pipe, like a plover.

Whewellite (n.) Calcium oxalate, occurring in colorless or white monoclinic crystals.

Whewer (n.) The European widgeon.

Whey (n.) The serum, or watery part, of milk, separated from the more thick or coagulable part, esp. in the process of making cheese.

Wheyey (a.) Of the nature of, or containing, whey; resembling whey; wheyish.

Wheyface (n.) One who is pale, as from fear.

Whey-faced (a.) Having a pale or white face, as from fright.

Wheyish (a.) Somewhat like whey; wheyey.

Which (a.) Of what sort or kind; what; what a; who.

Which (a.) A interrogative pronoun, used both substantively and adjectively, and in direct and indirect questions, to ask for, or refer to, an individual person or thing among several of a class; as, which man is it? which woman was it? which is the house? he asked which route he should take; which is best, to live or to die? See the Note under What, pron., 1.

Which (pron.) A relative pronoun, used esp. in referring to an antecedent noun or clause, but sometimes with reference to what is specified or implied in a sentence, or to a following noun or clause (generally involving a reference, however, to something which has preceded). It is used in all numbers and genders, and was formerly used of persons.

Which (pron.) A compound relative or indefinite pronoun, standing for any one which, whichever, that which, those which, the . . . which, and the like; as, take which you will.

Whichever (pron. & a.) Alt. of Whichsoever

Whichsoever (pron. & a.) Whether one or another; whether one or the other; which; that one (of two or more) which; as, whichever road you take, it will lead you to town.

Whidah bird () Any one of several species of finchlike birds belonging to the genus Vidua, native of Asia and Africa. In the breeding season the male has very long, drooping tail feathers. Called also vida finch, whidah finch, whydah bird, whydah finch, widow bird, and widow finch.

Whider (adv.) Whither.

Whiff (n.) A sudden expulsion of air from the mouth; a quick puff or slight gust, as of air or smoke.

Whiff (n.) A glimpse; a hasty view.

Whiff (n.) The marysole, or sail fluke.

Whiffed (imp. & p. p.) of Whiff

Whiffing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whiff

Whiff (v. t.) To throw out in whiffs; to consume in whiffs; to puff.

Whiff (v. t.) To carry or convey by a whiff, or as by a whiff; to puff or blow away.

Whiff (v. i.) To emit whiffs, as of smoke; to puff.

Whiffet (n.) A little whiff or puff.

Whiffing (n.) The act of one who, or that which, whiffs.

Whiffing (n.) A mode of fishing with a hand line for pollack, mackerel, and the like.

Whiffled (imp. & p. p.) of Whiffle

Whiffling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whiffle

Whiffle (v. i.) To waver, or shake, as if moved by gusts of wind; to shift, turn, or veer about.

Whiffle (v. i.) To change from one opinion or course to another; to use evasions; to prevaricate; to be fickle.

Whiffle (v. t.) To disperse with, or as with, a whiff, or puff; to scatter.

Whiffle (v. t.) To wave or shake quickly; to cause to whiffle.

Whiffle (n.) A fife or small flute.

Whiffler (n.) One who whiffles, or frequently changes his opinion or course; one who uses shifts and evasions in argument; hence, a trifler.

Whiffler (n.) One who plays on a whiffle; a fifer or piper.

Whiffler (n.) An officer who went before procession to clear the way by blowing a horn, or otherwise; hence, any person who marched at the head of a procession; a harbinger.

Whiffler (n.) The golden-eye.

Whiffletree (n.) Same as Whippletree.

Whig (n.) Acidulated whey, sometimes mixed with buttermilk and sweet herbs, used as a cooling beverage.

Whig (n.) One of a political party which grew up in England in the seventeenth century, in the reigns of Charles I. and II., when great contests existed respecting the royal prerogatives and the rights of the people. Those who supported the king in his high claims were called Tories, and the advocates of popular rights, of parliamentary power over the crown, and of toleration to Dissenters, were, after 1679, called Whigs. The terms Liberal and Radical have now generally superseded Whig in English politics. See the note under Tory.

Whig (n.) A friend and supporter of the American Revolution; -- opposed to Tory, and Royalist.

Whig (n.) One of the political party in the United States from about 1829 to 1856, opposed in politics to the Democratic party.

Whig (a.) Of or pertaining to the Whigs.

Whiggamore (n.) A Whig; -- a cant term applied in contempt to Scotch Presbyterians.

Whiggarchy (n.) Government by Whigs.

Whiggery (n.) The principles or practices of the Whigs; Whiggism.

Whiggish (a.) Of or pertaining to Whigs; partaking of, or characterized by, the principles of Whigs.

Whiggishly (adv.) In a Whiggish manner.

Whiggism (n.) The principles of the Whigs.

Whigling (n.) A petty or inferior Whig; -- used in contempt.

While (n.) Space of time, or continued duration, esp. when short; a time; as, one while we thought him innocent.

While (n.) That which requires time; labor; pains.

Whiled (imp. & p. p.) of While

Whiling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of While

While (v. t.) To cause to pass away pleasantly or without irksomeness or disgust; to spend or pass; -- usually followed by away.

While (v. i.) To loiter.

While (conj.) During the time that; as long as; whilst; at the same time that; as, while I write, you sleep.

While (conj.) Hence, under which circumstances; in which case; though; whereas.

While (prep.) Until; till.

Whilere (adv.) A little while ago; recently; just now; erewhile.

Whiles (n.) Meanwhile; meantime.

Whiles (n.) sometimes; at times.

Whiles (conj.) During the time that; while.

Whilk (n.) A kind of mollusk, a whelk.

Whilk (n.) The scoter.

Whilk (pron.) Which.

Whilom (n.) Formerly; once; of old; erewhile; at times.

Whilst (adv.) While.

Whim (n.) The European widgeon.

Whim (n.) A sudden turn or start of the mind; a temporary eccentricity; a freak; a fancy; a capricious notion; a humor; a caprice.

Whim (n.) A large capstan or vertical drum turned by horse power or steam power, for raising ore or water, etc., from mines, or for other purposes; -- called also whim gin, and whimsey.

Whim (v. i.) To be subject to, or indulge in, whims; to be whimsical, giddy, or freakish.

Whimbrel (n.) Any one of several species of small curlews, especially the European species (Numenius phaeopus), called also Jack curlew, half curlew, stone curlew, and tang whaup. See Illustration in Appendix.

Whimling (n.) One given to whims; hence, a weak, childish person; a child.

Whimmy (a.) Full of whims; whimsical.

Whimpered (imp. & p. p.) of Whimper

Whimpering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whimper

Whimper (v. i.) To cry with a low, whining, broken voice; to whine; to complain; as, a child whimpers.

Whimper (v. t.) To utter in alow, whining tone.

Whimper (n.) A low, whining, broken cry; a low, whining sound, expressive of complaint or grief.

Whimperer (n.) One who whimpers.

Whimple (v. t.) See Wimple.

Whimple (v. i.) To whiffle; to veer.

Whimseys (pl. ) of Whimsy

Whimsies (pl. ) of Whimsy

Whimsey (n.) Alt. of Whimsy

Whimsy (n.) A whim; a freak; a capricious notion, a fanciful or odd conceit.

Whimsy (n.) A whim.

Whimsey (v. t.) To fill with whimseys, or whims; to make fantastic; to craze.

Whimsical (a.) Full of, or characterized by, whims; actuated by a whim; having peculiar notions; queer; strange; freakish.

Whimsical (a.) Odd or fantastic in appearance; quaintly devised; fantastic.

Whimsicality (n.) The quality or state of being whimsical; whimsicalness.

Whimsically (adv.) In a whimsical manner; freakishly.

Whimsicalness (n.) The quality or state of being whimsical; freakishness; whimsical disposition.

Whimsy (n.) A whimsey.

Whimwham (n.) A whimsical thing; an odd device; a trifle; a trinket; a gimcrack.

Whimwham (n.) A whim, or whimsey; a freak.

Whin (n.) Gorse; furze. See Furze.

Whin (n.) Woad-waxed.

Whin (n.) Same as Whinstone.

Whinberry (n.) The English bilberry; -- so called because it grows on moors among the whins, or furze.

Whinchat (n.) A small warbler (Pratincola rubetra) common in Europe; -- called also whinchacker, whincheck, whin-clocharet.

Whined (imp. & p. p.) of Whine

Whining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whine

Whine (v. i.) To utter a plaintive cry, as some animals; to moan with a childish noise; to complain, or to tell of sorrow, distress, or the like, in a plaintive, nasal tone; hence, to complain or to beg in a mean, unmanly way; to moan basely.

Whine (v. t.) To utter or express plaintively, or in a mean, unmanly way; as, to whine out an excuse.

Whine (n.) A plaintive tone; the nasal, childish tone of mean complaint; mean or affected complaint.

Whiner (n.) One who, or that which, whines.

Whinge (v. i.) To whine.

Whinger (n.) A kind of hanger or sword used as a knife at meals and as a weapon.

Whiningly (adv.) In a whining manner; in a tone of mean complaint.

Whinner (v. i.) To whinny.

Whinnied (imp. & p. p.) of Whinny

Whinnying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whinny

Whinny (v. i.) To utter the ordinary call or cry of a horse; to neigh.

Whinnies (pl. ) of Whinny

Whinny (n.) The ordinary cry or call of a horse; a neigh.

Whinny (a.) Abounding in whin, gorse, or furze.

Whinock (n.) The small pig of a litter.

Whinstone (n.) A provincial name given in England to basaltic rocks, and applied by miners to other kind of dark-colored unstratified rocks which resist the point of the pick. -- for example, to masses of chert. Whin-dikes, and whin-sills, are names sometimes given to veins or beds of basalt.

Whinyard (n.) A sword, or hanger.

Whinyard (n.) The shoveler.

Whinyard (n.) The poachard.

Whipped (imp. & p. p.) of Whip

Whipping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whip

Whip (v. t.) To strike with a lash, a cord, a rod, or anything slender and lithe; to lash; to beat; as, to whip a horse, or a carpet.

Whip (v. t.) To drive with lashes or strokes of a whip; to cause to rotate by lashing with a cord; as, to whip a top.

Whip (v. t.) To punish with a whip, scourge, or rod; to flog; to beat; as, to whip a vagrant; to whip one with thirty nine lashes; to whip a perverse boy.

Whip (v. t.) To apply that which hurts keenly to; to lash, as with sarcasm, abuse, or the like; to apply cutting language to.

Whip (v. t.) To thrash; to beat out, as grain, by striking; as, to whip wheat.

Whip (v. t.) To beat (eggs, cream, or the like) into a froth, as with a whisk, fork, or the like.

Whip (v. t.) To conquer; to defeat, as in a contest or game; to beat; to surpass.

Whip (v. t.) To overlay (a cord, rope, or the like) with other cords going round and round it; to overcast, as the edge of a seam; to wrap; -- often with about, around, or over.

Whip (v. t.) To sew lightly; specifically, to form (a fabric) into gathers by loosely overcasting the rolled edge and drawing up the thread; as, to whip a ruffle.

Whip (v. t.) To take or move by a sudden motion; to jerk; to snatch; -- with into, out, up, off, and the like.

Whip (v. t.) To hoist or purchase by means of a whip.

Whip (v. t.) To secure the end of (a rope, or the like) from untwisting by overcasting it with small stuff.

Whip (v. t.) To fish (a body of water) with a rod and artificial fly, the motion being that employed in using a whip.

Whip (v. i.) To move nimbly; to start or turn suddenly and do something; to whisk; as, he whipped around the corner.

Whip (v. t.) An instrument or driving horses or other animals, or for correction, consisting usually of a lash attached to a handle, or of a handle and lash so combined as to form a flexible rod.

Whip (v. t.) A coachman; a driver of a carriage; as, a good whip.

Whip (v. t.) One of the arms or frames of a windmill, on which the sails are spread.

Whip (v. t.) The length of the arm reckoned from the shaft.

Whip (v. t.) A small tackle with a single rope, used to hoist light bodies.

Whip (v. t.) The long pennant. See Pennant (a)

Whip (v. t.) A huntsman who whips in the hounds; whipper-in.

Whip (v. t.) A person (as a member of Parliament) appointed to enforce party discipline, and secure the attendance of the members of a Parliament party at any important session, especially when their votes are needed.

Whip (v. t.) A call made upon members of a Parliament party to be in their places at a given time, as when a vote is to be taken.

Whipcord (n.) A kind of hard-twisted or braided cord, sometimes used for making whiplashes.

Whipgrafted (imp. & p. p.) of Whipgraft

Whipgrafting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whipgraft

Whipgraft (v. t.) To graft by cutting the scion and stock in a certain manner. See Whip grafting, under Grafting.

Whiplash (n.) The lash of a whip, -- usually made of thongs of leather, or of cords, braided or twisted.

Whipparee (n.) A large sting ray (Dasybatis, / Trygon, Sayi) native of the Southern United States. It is destitute of large spines on the body and tail.

Whipparee (n.) A large sting ray (Rhinoptera bonasus, or R. quadriloba) of the Atlantic coast of the United States. Its snout appears to be four-lobed when viewed in front, whence it is also called cow-nosed ray.

Whipper (n.) One who whips; especially, an officer who inflicts the penalty of legal whipping.

Whipper (n.) One who raises coal or merchandise with a tackle from a chip's hold.

Whipper (n.) A kind of simple willow.

Whipperin (n.) A huntsman who keeps the hounds from wandering, and whips them in, if necessary, to the of chase.

Whipperin (n.) Hence, one who enforces the discipline of a party, and urges the attendance and support of the members on all necessary occasions.

Whippersnapper (n.) A diminutive, insignificant, or presumptuous person.

Whipping () a & n. from Whip, v.

Whippletree (n.) The pivoted or swinging bar to which the traces, or tugs, of a harness are fastened, and by which a carriage, a plow, or other implement or vehicle, is drawn; a whiffletree; a swingletree; a singletree. See Singletree.

Whippletree (n.) The cornel tree.

Whip-poor-will (n.) An American bird (Antrostomus vociferus) allied to the nighthawk and goatsucker; -- so called in imitation of the peculiar notes which it utters in the evening.

Whipsaw (n.) A saw for dividing timber lengthwise, usually set in a frame, and worked by two persons; also, a fret saw.

Whip-shaped (a.) Shaped like the lash of a whip; long, slender, round, and tapering; as, a whip-shaped root or stem.

Whipstaff (n.) A bar attached to the tiller, for convenience in steering.

Whipstalk (n.) A whipstock.

Whipster (n.) A nimble little fellow; a whippersnapper.

Whipstick (n.) Whip handle; whipstock.

Whipstitch (n.) A tailor; -- so called in contempt.

Whipstitch (n.) Anything hastily put or stitched together; hence, a hasty composition.

Whipstitch (n.) The act or process of whipstitching.

Whipstitch (v. t.) To rafter; to plow in ridges, as land.

Whipstock (n.) The rod or handle to which the lash of a whip is fastened.

Whipt (imp. & p. p.) Whipped.

Whip-tom-kelly (n.) A vireo (Vireo altiloquus) native of the West Indies and Florida; -- called also black-whiskered vireo.

Whipworm (n.) A nematode worm (Trichocephalus dispar) often found parasitic in the human intestine. Its body is thickened posteriorly, but is very long and threadlike anteriorly.

Whirred (imp. & p. p.) of Whir

Whirring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whir

Whir (v. i.) To whirl round, or revolve, with a whizzing noise; to fly or more quickly with a buzzing or whizzing sound; to whiz.

Whir (v. t.) To hurry a long with a whizzing sound.

Whir (n.) A buzzing or whizzing sound produced by rapid or whirling motion; as, the whir of a partridge; the whir of a spinning wheel.

Whirled (imp. & p. p.) of Whirl

Whirling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whirl

Whirl (v. t.) To turn round rapidly; to cause to rotate with velocity; to make to revolve.

Whirl (v. t.) To remove or carry quickly with, or as with, a revolving motion; to snatch; to harry.

Whirl (v. i.) To be turned round rapidly; to move round with velocity; to revolve or rotate with great speed; to gyrate.

Whirl (v. i.) To move hastily or swiftly.

Whirl (v. t.) A turning with rapidity or velocity; rapid rotation or circumvolution; quick gyration; rapid or confusing motion; as, the whirl of a top; the whirl of a wheel.

Whirl (v. t.) Anything that moves with a whirling motion.

Whirl (v. t.) A revolving hook used in twisting, as the hooked spindle of a rope machine, to which the threads to be twisted are attached.

Whirl (v. t.) A whorl. See Whorl.

Whirlabout (n.) Something that whirls or turns about in a rapid manner; a whirligig.

Whirlbat (n.) Anything moved with a whirl, as preparatory for a blow, or to augment the force of it; -- applied by poets to the cestus of ancient boxers.

Whirl-blast (n.) A whirling blast or wind.

Whirlbone (n.) The huckle bone.

Whirlbone (n.) The patella, or kneepan.

Whirler (n.) One who, or that which, whirls.

Whirlicote (n.) An open car or chariot.

Whirligig (n.) A child's toy, spun or whirled around like a wheel upon an axis, or like a top.

Whirligig (n.) Anything which whirls around, or in which persons or things are whirled about, as a frame with seats or wooden horses.

Whirligig (n.) A mediaeval instrument for punishing petty offenders, being a kind of wooden cage turning on a pivot, in which the offender was whirled round with great velocity.

Whirligig (n.) Any one of numerous species of beetles belonging to Gyrinus and allied genera. The body is firm, oval or boatlike in form, and usually dark colored with a bronzelike luster. These beetles live mostly on the surface of water, and move about with great celerity in a gyrating, or circular, manner, but they are also able to dive and swim rapidly. The larva is aquatic. Called also weaver, whirlwig, and whirlwig beetle.

Whirling () a. & n. from Whirl, v. t.

Whirlpit (n.) A whirlpool.

Whirlpool (n.) An eddy or vortex of water; a place in a body of water where the water moves round in a circle so as to produce a depression or cavity in the center, into which floating objects may be drawn; any body of water having a more or less circular motion caused by its flowing in an irregular channel, by the coming together of opposing currents, or the like.

Whirlpool (n.) A sea monster of the whale kind.

Whirlwig (n.) A whirligig.

Whirlwind (n.) A violent windstorm of limited extent, as the tornado, characterized by an inward spiral motion of the air with an upward current in the center; a vortex of air. It usually has a rapid progressive motion.

Whirlwind (n.) Fig.: A body of objects sweeping violently onward.

Whirry (v. i.) To whir.

Whirtle (n.) A perforated steel die through which wires or tubes are drawn to form them.

Whisk (n.) A game at cards; whist.

Whisk (n.) The act of whisking; a rapid, sweeping motion, as of something light; a sudden motion or quick puff.

Whisk (n.) A small bunch of grass, straw, twigs, hair, or the like, used for a brush; hence, a brush or small besom, as of broom corn.

Whisk (n.) A small culinary instrument made of wire, or the like, for whisking or beating eggs, cream, etc.

Whisk (n.) A kind of cape, forming part of a woman's dress.

Whisk (n.) An impertinent fellow.

Whisk (n.) A plane used by coopers for evening chines.

Whisked (imp. & p. p.) of Whisk

Whisking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whisk

Whisk (n.) To sweep, brush, or agitate, with a light, rapid motion; as, to whisk dust from a table; to whisk the white of eggs into a froth.

Whisk (n.) To move with a quick, sweeping motion.

Whisk (v. i.) To move nimbly at with velocity; to make a sudden agile movement.

Whisker (n.) One who, or that which, whisks, or moves with a quick, sweeping motion.

Whisker (n.) Formerly, the hair of the upper lip; a mustache; -- usually in the plural.

Whisker (n.) That part of the beard which grows upon the sides of the face, or upon the chin, or upon both; as, side whiskers; chin whiskers.

Whisker (n.) A hair of the beard.

Whisker (n.) One of the long, projecting hairs growing at the sides of the mouth of a cat, or other animal.

Whisker (n.) Iron rods extending on either side of the bowsprit, to spread, or guy out, the stays, etc.

Whiskered (a.) Formed into whiskers; furnished with whiskers; having or wearing whiskers.

Whiskered (a.) Having elongated hairs, feathers, or bristles on the cheeks.

Whiskerless (a.) Being without whiskers.

Whisket (n.) A basket; esp., a straw provender basket.

Whisket (n.) A small lathe for turning wooden pins.

Whiskey (n.) Same as Whisky, a liquor.

Whiskeys (pl. ) of Whisky

Whiskies (pl. ) of Whisky

Whiskey (n.) Alt. of Whisky

Whisky (n.) A light carriage built for rapid motion; -- called also tim-whiskey.

Whiskin (n.) A shallow drinking bowl.

Whisking (a.) Sweeping along lightly.

Whisking (a.) Large; great.

Whisky (n.) Alt. of Whiskey

Whiskey (n.) An intoxicating liquor distilled from grain, potatoes, etc., especially in Scotland, Ireland, and the United States. In the United States, whisky is generally distilled from maize, rye, or wheat, but in Scotland and Ireland it is often made from malted barley.

Whiskyfied (a.) Alt. of Whiskeyfied

Whiskeyfied (a.) Drunk with whisky; intoxicated.

Whisp (n.) See Wisp.

Whisp (n.) A flock of snipe.

Whispered (imp. & p. p.) of Whisper

Whispering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whisper

Whisper (v. i.) To speak softly, or under the breath, so as to be heard only by one near at hand; to utter words without sonant breath; to talk without that vibration in the larynx which gives sonorous, or vocal, sound. See Whisper, n.

Whisper (n.) To make a low, sibilant sound or noise.

Whisper (n.) To speak with suspicion, or timorous caution; to converse in whispers, as in secret plotting.

Whisper (v. t.) To utter in a low and nonvocal tone; to say under the breath; hence, to mention privately and confidentially, or in a whisper.

Whisper (v. t.) To address in a whisper, or low voice.

Whisper (v. t.) To prompt secretly or cautiously; to inform privately.

Whisper (n.) A low, soft, sibilant voice or utterance, which can be heard only by those near at hand; voice or utterance that employs only breath sound without tone, friction against the edges of the vocal cords and arytenoid cartilages taking the place of the vibration of the cords that produces tone; sometimes, in a limited sense, the sound produced by such friction as distinguished from breath sound made by friction against parts of the mouth. See Voice, n., 2, and Guide to Pronunciation, // 5, 153, 154.

Whisper (n.) A cautious or timorous speech.

Whisper (n.) Something communicated in secret or by whispering; a suggestion or insinuation.

Whisper (n.) A low, sibilant sound.

Whisperer (n.) One who whispers.

Whisperer (n.) A tattler; one who tells secrets; a conveyer of intelligence secretly; hence; a backbiter; one who slanders secretly.

Whispering () a. & n. from Whisper. v. t.

Whisperingly (adv.) In a whisper, or low voice; in a whispering manner; with whispers.

Whisperously (adv.) Whisperingly.

Whist (interj.) Be silent; be still; hush; silence.

Whist (n.) A certain game at cards; -- so called because it requires silence and close attention. It is played by four persons (those who sit opposite each other being partners) with a complete pack of fifty-two cards. Each player has thirteen cards, and when these are played out, he hand is finished, and the cards are again shuffled and distributed.

Whist (v. t.) To hush or silence.

Whist (v. i.) To be or become silent or still; to be hushed or mute.

Whist (a.) Not speaking; not making a noise; silent; mute; still; quiet.

Whistled (imp. & p. p.) of Whistle

Whistling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whistle

Whistle (v. i.) To make a kind of musical sound, or series of sounds, by forcing the breath through a small orifice formed by contracting the lips; also, to emit a similar sound, or series of notes, from the mouth or beak, as birds.

Whistle (v. i.) To make a shrill sound with a wind or steam instrument, somewhat like that made with the lips; to blow a sharp, shrill tone.

Whistle (v. i.) To sound shrill, or like a pipe; to make a sharp, shrill sound; as, a bullet whistles through the air.

Whistle (v. t.) To form, utter, or modulate by whistling; as, to whistle a tune or an air.

Whistle (v. t.) To send, signal, or call by a whistle.

Whistle (v. i.) A sharp, shrill, more or less musical sound, made by forcing the breath through a small orifice of the lips, or through or instrument which gives a similar sound; the sound used by a sportsman in calling his dogs; the shrill note of a bird; as, the sharp whistle of a boy, or of a boatswain's pipe; the blackbird's mellow whistle.

Whistle (v. i.) The shrill sound made by wind passing among trees or through crevices, or that made by bullet, or the like, passing rapidly through the air; the shrill noise (much used as a signal, etc.) made by steam or gas escaping through a small orifice, or impinging against the edge of a metallic bell or cup.

Whistle (v. i.) An instrument in which gas or steam forced into a cavity, or against a thin edge, produces a sound more or less like that made by one who whistles through the compressed lips; as, a child's whistle; a boatswain's whistle; a steam whistle (see Steam whistle, under Steam).

Whistle (v. i.) The mouth and throat; -- so called as being the organs of whistling.

Whistlefish (n.) A gossat, or rockling; -- called also whistler, three-bearded rockling, sea loach, and sorghe.

Whistler (n.) One who, or that which, whistles, or produces or a whistling sound.

Whistler (n.) The ring ousel.

Whistler (n.) The widgeon.

Whistler (n.) The golden-eye.

Whistler (n.) The golden plover and the gray plover.

Whistler (n.) The hoary, or northern, marmot (Arctomys pruinosus).

Whistler (n.) The whistlefish.

Whistlewing (n.) The American golden-eye.

Whistlewood (n.) The moosewood, or striped maple. See Maple.

Whistling () a. & n. from Whistle, v.

Whistlingly (adv.) In a whistling manner; shrilly.

Whistly (adv.) In a whist manner; silently.

Whit (n.) The smallest part or particle imaginable; a bit; a jot; an iota; -- generally used in an adverbial phrase in a negative sentence.

White (superl.) Reflecting to the eye all the rays of the spectrum combined; not tinted with any of the proper colors or their mixtures; having the color of pure snow; snowy; -- the opposite of black or dark; as, white paper; a white skin.

White (superl.) Destitute of color, as in the cheeks, or of the tinge of blood color; pale; pallid; as, white with fear.

White (superl.) Having the color of purity; free from spot or blemish, or from guilt or pollution; innocent; pure.

White (superl.) Gray, as from age; having silvery hair; hoary.

White (superl.) Characterized by freedom from that which disturbs, and the like; fortunate; happy; favorable.

White (superl.) Regarded with especial favor; favorite; darling.

White (n.) The color of pure snow; one of the natural colors of bodies, yet not strictly a color, but a composition of all colors; the opposite of black; whiteness. See the Note under Color, n., 1.

White (n.) Something having the color of snow; something white, or nearly so; as, the white of the eye.

White (n.) Specifically, the central part of the butt in archery, which was formerly painted white; the center of a mark at which a missile is shot.

White (n.) A person with a white skin; a member of the white, or Caucasian, races of men.

White (n.) A white pigment; as, Venice white.

White (n.) Any one of numerous species of butterflies belonging to Pieris, and allied genera in which the color is usually white. See Cabbage butterfly, under Cabbage.

Whited (imp. & p. p.) of White

Whiting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of White

White (v. t.) To make white; to whiten; to whitewash; to bleach.

Whiteback (n.) The canvasback.

Whitebait (n.) The young of several species of herrings, especially of the common herring, esteemed a great delicacy by epicures in England.

Whitebait (n.) A small translucent fish (Salanx Chinensis) abundant at certain seasons on the coasts of China and Japan, and used in the same manner as the European whitebait.

Whitebeam (n.) The common beam tree of England (Pyrus Aria); -- so called from the white, woolly under surface of the leaves.

Whitebeard (n.) An old man; a graybeard.

Whitebelly (n.) The American widgeon, or baldpate.

Whitebelly (n.) The prairie chicken.

Whitebill (n.) The American coot.

White-blaze (n.) See White-face.

Whiteblow (n.) Same as Whitlow grass, under Whitlow.

Whiteboy (n.) A favorite.

Whiteboy (a.) One of an association of poor Roman catholics which arose in Ireland about 1760, ostensibly to resist the collection of tithes, the members of which were so called from the white shirts they wore in their nocturnal raids.

Whiteboyism (n.) The conduct or principle of the Whiteboys.

Whitecap (n.) The European redstart; -- so called from its white forehead.

Whitecap (n.) The whitethroat; -- so called from its gray head.

Whitecap (n.) The European tree sparrow.

Whitecap (n.) A wave whose crest breaks into white foam, as when the wind is freshening.

Whitecoat (n.) The skin of a newborn seal; also, the seal itself.

White-ear (n.) The wheatear.

White-eye (n.) Any one of several species of small Old World singing of the genus Zosterops, as Zosterops palpebrosus of India, and Z. c/rulescens of Australia. The eyes are encircled by a ring of white feathers, whence the name. Called also bush creeper, and white-eyed tit.

White-face (n.) A white mark in the forehead of a horse, descending almost to the nose; -- called also white-blaze.

Whitefish (n.) Any one of several species of Coregonus, a genus of excellent food fishes allied to the salmons. They inhabit the lakes of the colder parts of North America, Asia, and Europe. The largest and most important American species (C. clupeiformis) is abundant in the Great Lakes, and in other lakes farther north. Called also lake whitefish, and Oswego bass.

Whitefish (n.) The menhaden.

Whitefish (n.) The beluga, or white whale.

Whiteflaw (n.) A whitlow.

White-foot (n.) A white mark on the foot of a horse, between the fetlock and the coffin.

White friar () A mendicant monk of the Carmelite order, so called from the white cloaks worn by the order. See Carmelite.

White-fronted (a.) Having a white front; as, the white-fronted lemur.

Whitehead (n.) The blue-winged snow goose.

Whitehead (n.) The surf scoter.

White-heart (n.) A somewhat heart-shaped cherry with a whitish skin.

White-hot (a.) White with heat; heated to whiteness, or incandescence.

White-limed (a.) Whitewashed or plastered with lime.

White-livered (a.) Having a pale look; feeble; hence, cowardly; pusillanimous; dastardly.

Whitely (a.) Like, or coming near to, white.

Whitened (imp. & p. p.) of Whiten

Whitening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whiten

Whiten (v. i.) To grow white; to turn or become white or whiter; as, the hair whitens with age; the sea whitens with foam; the trees in spring whiten with blossoms.

Whiten (v. t.) To make white; to bleach; to blanch; to whitewash; as, to whiten a wall; to whiten cloth.

Whitener (n.) One who, or that which, whitens; a bleacher; a blancher; a whitewasher.

Whiteness (n.) The quality or state of being white; white color, or freedom from darkness or obscurity on the surface.

Whiteness (n.) Want of a sanguineous tinge; paleness; as from terror, grief, etc.

Whiteness (n.) Freedom from stain or blemish; purity; cleanness.

Whiteness (n.) Nakedness.

Whiteness (n.) A flock of swans.

Whitening (n.) The act or process of making or becoming white.

Whitening (n.) That which is used to render white; whiting.

White-pot (n.) A kind of food made of milk or cream, eggs, sugar, bread, etc., baked in a pot.

Whiterump (n.) The American black-tailed godwit.

Whites (n. pl.) Leucorrh/a.

Whites (n. pl.) The finest flour made from white wheat.

Whites (n. pl.) Cloth or garments of a plain white color.

Whiteside (n.) The golden-eye.

Whitesmith (n.) One who works in tinned or galvanized iron, or white iron; a tinsmith.

Whitesmith (n.) A worker in iron who finishes or polishes the work, in distinction from one who forges it.

Whitester (n.) A bleacher of linen; a whitener; a whitster.

Whitetail (n.) The Virginia deer.

Whitetail (n.) The wheatear.

Whitethorn (n.) The hawthorn.

Whitethroat (n.) Any one of several species of Old World warblers, esp. the common European species (Sylvia cinerea), called also strawsmear, nettlebird, muff, and whitecap, the garden whitethroat, or golden warbler (S. hortensis), and the lesser whitethroat (S. curruca).

Whitetop (n.) Fiorin.

Whitewall (n.) The spotted flycatcher; -- so called from the white color of the under parts.

Whitewash (n.) Any wash or liquid composition for whitening something, as a wash for making the skin fair.

Whitewash (n.) A composition of line and water, or of whiting size, and water, or the like, used for whitening walls, ceilings, etc.; milk of lime.

Whitewashed (imp. & p. p.) of Whitewash

Whitewashing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whitewash

Whitewash (v. t.) To apply a white liquid composition to; to whiten with whitewash.

Whitewash (v. t.) To make white; to give a fair external appearance to; to clear from imputations or disgrace; hence, to clear (a bankrupt) from obligation to pay debts.

Whitewasher (n.) One who whitewashes.

White-water (n.) A dangerous disease of sheep.

Whiteweed (n.) A perennial composite herb (Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum) with conspicuous white rays and a yellow disk, a common weed in grass lands and pastures; -- called also oxeye daisy.

Whitewing (n.) The chaffinch; -- so called from the white bands on the wing.

Whitewing (n.) The velvet duck.

Whitewood (n.) The soft and easily-worked wood of the tulip tree (Liriodendron). It is much used in cabinetwork, carriage building, etc.

Whitewort (n.) Wild camomile.

Whitewort (n.) A kind of Solomon's seal (Polygonum officinale).

Whitflaw (n.) Whitlow.

Whither (adv.) To what place; -- used interrogatively; as, whither goest thou?

Whither (adv.) To what or which place; -- used relatively.

Whither (adv.) To what point, degree, end, conclusion, or design; whereunto; whereto; -- used in a sense not physical.

Whithersoever (adv.) To whatever place; to what place soever; wheresoever; as, I will go whithersoever you lead.

Whitherward (adv.) In what direction; toward what or which place.

Whitile (v.) The yaffle.

Whiting (n.) A common European food fish (Melangus vulgaris) of the Codfish family; -- called also fittin.

Whiting (n.) A North American fish (Merlucius vulgaris) allied to the preceding; -- called also silver hake.

Whiting (n.) Any one of several species of North American marine sciaenoid food fishes belonging to genus Menticirrhus, especially M. Americanus, found from Maryland to Brazil, and M. littoralis, common from Virginia to Texas; -- called also silver whiting, and surf whiting.

Whiting (n.) Chalk prepared in an impalpable powder by pulverizing and repeated washing, used as a pigment, as an ingredient in putty, for cleaning silver, etc.

Whiting-mop (n.) A young whiting.

Whiting-mop (n.) A fair lass.

Whitish (a.) Somewhat white; approaching white; white in a moderate degree.

Whitish (a.) Covered with an opaque white powder.

Whitishness (n.) The quality or state of being whitish or somewhat white.

Whitleather (n.) Leather dressed or tawed with alum, salt, etc., remarkable for its pliability and toughness; white leather.

Whitleather (n.) The paxwax. See Paxwax.

Whitling (n.) A young full trout during its second season.

Whitlow (a.) An inflammation of the fingers or toes, generally of the last phalanx, terminating usually in suppuration. The inflammation may occupy any seat between the skin and the bone, but is usually applied to a felon or inflammation of the periosteal structures of the bone.

Whitlow (a.) An inflammatory disease of the feet. It occurs round the hoof, where an acrid matter is collected.

Whitlow-wort (n.) Same as Whitlow grass, under Whitlow.

Whitmonday (n.) The day following Whitsunday; -- called also Whitsun Monday.

Whitneyite (n.) an arsenide of copper from Lake Superior.

Whitson (a.) See Whitsun.

Whitsour (n.) A sort of apple.

Whitster (n.) A whitener; a bleacher; a whitester.

Whitsun (a.) Of, pertaining to, or observed at, Whitsuntide; as, Whitsun week; Whitsun Tuesday; Whitsun pastorals.

Whitsunday (n.) The seventh Sunday, and the fiftieth day, after Easter; a festival of the church in commemoration of the descent of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost; Pentecost; -- so called, it is said, because, in the primitive church, those who had been newly baptized appeared at church between Easter and Pentecost in white garments.

Whitsunday (n.) See the Note under Term, n., 12.

Whitsuntide (n.) The week commencing with Whitsunday, esp. the first three days -- Whitsunday, Whitsun Monday, and Whitsun Tuesday; the time of Pentecost.

Whitten tree () Either of two shrubs (Viburnum Lantana, and V. Opulus), so called on account of their whitish branches.

Whitterick (n.) The curlew.

Whittle (n.) A grayish, coarse double blanket worn by countrywomen, in the west of England, over the shoulders, like a cloak or shawl.

Whittle (n.) Same as Whittle shawl, below.

Whittle (n.) A knife; esp., a pocket, sheath, or clasp knife.

Whittled (imp. & p. p.) of Whittle

Whittling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whittle

Whittle (v. t.) To pare or cut off the surface of with a small knife; to cut or shape, as a piece of wood held in the hand, with a clasp knife or pocketknife.

Whittle (v. t.) To edge; to sharpen; to render eager or excited; esp., to excite with liquor; to inebriate.

Whittle (v. i.) To cut or shape a piece of wood with am small knife; to cut up a piece of wood with a knife.

Whittlings (n. pl.) Chips made by one who whittles; shavings cut from a stick with a knife.

Whittret (n.) A weasel.

Whittuesday (n.) The day following Whitmonday; -- called also Whitsun Tuesday.

Whitwall (n.) Same as Whetile.

Whitworth ball () A prejectile used in the Whitworth gun.

Whitworth gun () A form of rifled cannon and small arms invented by Sir Joseph Whitworth, of Manchester, England.

Whity-brown (a.) Of a color between white and brown.

Whizzed (imp. & p. p.) of Whiz

Whizzing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whiz

Whiz (v. i.) To make a humming or hissing sound, like an arrow or ball flying through the air; to fly or move swiftly with a sharp hissing or whistling sound.

Whiz (n.) A hissing and humming sound.

Whizzingly (adv.) With a whizzing sound.

Who (object.) Originally, an interrogative pronoun, later, a relative pronoun also; -- used always substantively, and either as singular or plural. See the Note under What, pron., 1. As interrogative pronouns, who and whom ask the question: What or which person or persons? Who and whom, as relative pronouns (in the sense of that), are properly used of persons (corresponding to which, as applied to things), but are sometimes, less properly and now rarely, used of animals, plants, etc. Who and whom, as compound relatives, are also used especially of persons, meaning the person that; the persons that; the one that; whosoever.

Who (pron.) One; any; one.

Whoa (interj.) Stop; stand; hold. See Ho, 2.

Whobub (n.) Hubbub.

Whoever (pron.) Whatever person; any person who; be or she who; any one who; as, he shall be punished, whoever he may be.

Whole (a.) Containing the total amount, number, etc.; comprising all the parts; free from deficiency; all; total; entire; as, the whole earth; the whole solar system; the whole army; the whole nation.

Whole (a.) Complete; entire; not defective or imperfect; not broken or fractured; unimpaired; uninjured; integral; as, a whole orange; the egg is whole; the vessel is whole.

Whole (a.) Possessing, or being in a state of, heath and soundness; healthy; sound; well.

Whole (n.) The entire thing; the entire assemblage of parts; totality; all of a thing, without defect or exception; a thing complete in itself.

Whole (n.) A regular combination of parts; a system.

Whole-hoofed (a.) Having an undivided hoof, as the horse.

Whole-length (a.) Representing the whole figure; -- said of a picture or statue.

Whole-length (n.) A portrait or statue representing the whole figure.

Wholeness (n.) The quality or state of being whole, entire, or sound; entireness; totality; completeness.

Wholesale (n.) Sale of goods by the piece or large quantity, as distinguished from retail.

Wholesale (a.) Pertaining to, or engaged in, trade by the piece or large quantity; selling to retailers or jobbers rather than to consumers; as, a wholesale merchant; the wholesale price.

Wholesale (a.) Extensive and indiscriminate; as, wholesale slaughter.

Wholesome (superl.) Tending to promote health; favoring health; salubrious; salutary.

Wholesome (superl.) Contributing to the health of the mind; favorable to morals, religion, or prosperity; conducive to good; salutary; sound; as, wholesome advice; wholesome doctrines; wholesome truths; wholesome laws.

Wholesome (superl.) Sound; healthy.

Whole-souled (a.) Thoroughly imbued with a right spirit; noble-minded; devoted.

Wholly (adv.) In a whole or complete manner; entirely; completely; perfectly.

Wholly (adv.) To the exclusion of other things; totally; fully.

Whom (pron.) The objective case of who. See Who.

Whomsoever (pron.) The objective of whosoever. See Whosoever.

Whoobub (n.) Hubbub.

Whoop (n.) The hoopoe.

Whooped (imp. & p. p.) of Whoop

Whooping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whoop

Whoop (v. i.) To utter a whoop, or loud cry, as eagerness, enthusiasm, or enjoyment; to cry out; to shout; to halloo; to utter a war whoop; to hoot, as an owl.

Whoop (v. i.) To cough or breathe with a sonorous inspiration, as in whooping cough.

Whoop (v. t.) To insult with shouts; to chase with derision.

Whoop (n.) A shout of pursuit or of war; a very of eagerness, enthusiasm, enjoyment, vengeance, terror, or the like; an halloo; a hoot, or cry, as of an owl.

Whoop (n.) A loud, shrill, prolonged sound or sonorous inspiration, as in whooping cough.

Whooper (n.) One who, or that which, whooops.

Whooping () a. & n. from Whoop, v. t.

Whoot (v. i.) To hoot.

Whop (v. t.) Same as Whap.

Whop (n.) Same as Whap.

Whopper (n.) One who, or that which, whops.

Whopper (n.) Same as Whapper.

Whore (n.) A woman who practices unlawful sexual commerce with men, especially one who prostitutes her body for hire; a prostitute; a harlot.

Whored (imp. & p. p.) of Whore

Whoring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Whore

Whore (n.) To have unlawful sexual intercourse; to practice lewdness.

Whore (n.) To worship false and impure gods.

Whore (v. t.) To corrupt by lewd intercourse; to make a whore of; to debauch.

Whoredom (n.) The practice of unlawful intercourse with the other sex; fornication; lewdness.

Whoredom (n.) The sin of worshiping idols; idolatry.

Wheremaster (n.) A man who practices lewdness; a lecher; a whoremonger.

Wheremaster (n.) One keeps or procures whores for others; a pimp; a procurer.

Whoremasterly (a.) Having the character of a whoremaster; lecherous; libidinous.

Whoremonger (n.) A whoremaster; a lecher; a man who frequents the society of whores.

Whoreson (n.) A bastard; colloquially, a low, scurvy fellow; -- used generally in contempt, or in coarse humor. Also used adjectively.

Whorish (a.) Resembling a whore in character or conduct; addicted to unlawful pleasures; incontinent; lewd; unchaste.

Whorl (n. & v.) A circle of two or more leaves, flowers, or other organs, about the same part or joint of a stem.

Whorl (n. & v.) A volution, or turn, of the spire of a univalve shell.

Whorl (n. & v.) The fly of a spindle.

Whorled (a.) Furnished with whorls; arranged in the form of a whorl or whorls; verticillate; as, whorled leaves.

Whorler (n.) A potter's wheel.

Whort (n.) The whortleberry, or bilberry. See Whortleberry (a).

Whortle (n.) The whortleberry, or bilberry.

Whortleberry (n.) In England, the fruit of Vaccinium Myrtillus; also, the plant itself. See Bilberry, 1.

Whortleberry (n.) The fruit of several shrubby plants of the genus Gaylussacia; also, any one of these plants. See Huckleberry.

Whose (pron.) The possessive case of who or which. See Who, and Which.

Whosesoever (pron.) The possessive of whosoever. See Whosoever.

Whoso (pron.) Whosoever.

Whosoever (pron.) Whatsoever person; any person whatever that; whoever.

Whot (a.) Hot.

Whur (v. i.) To make a rough, humming sound, like one who pronounces the letter r with too much force; to whir; to birr.

Whur (v. i.) To snarl or growl, as a dog.

Whur (n.) A humming or whirring sound, like that of a body moving through the air with velocity; a whir.

Whurry (v. t.) To whisk along quickly; to hurry.

Whurt (n.) See Whort.

Why (adv.) For what cause, reason, or purpose; on what account; wherefore; -- used interrogatively. See the Note under What, pron., 1.

Why (adv.) For which; on account of which; -- used relatively.

Why (adv.) The reason or cause for which; that on account of which; on what account; as, I know not why he left town so suddenly; -- used as a compound relative.

Why (n.) A young heifer.

Whydah bird () Alt. of Whydah finch

Whydah finch () The whidah bird.

Why-not (n.) A violent and peremptory procedure without any assigned reason; a sudden conclusive happening.

Yholde () p. p. of Hold.

About the author

Mark McCracken

Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".

Copyright © 2011 by Mark McCracken, All Rights Reserved.