Words whose second letter is P

Apace (adv.) With a quick pace; quick; fast; speedily.

Apaches (n. pl.) A group of nomadic North American Indians including several tribes native of Arizona, New Mexico, etc.

Apagoge (n.) An indirect argument which proves a thing by showing the impossibility or absurdity of the contrary.

Apagogic (a.) Alt. of Apagogical

Apagogical (a.) Proving indirectly, by showing the absurdity, or impossibility of the contrary.

Apaid (a.) Paid; pleased.

Apair (v. t. & i.) To impair or become impaired; to injure.

Apalachian (a.) See Appalachian.

Apanage (n.) Same as Appanage.

Apanthropy (n.) An aversion to the company of men; a love of solitude.

Apar (n.) Alt. of Apara

Apara (n.) See Mataco.

Aparejo (n.) A kind of pack saddle used in the American military service and among the Spanish Americans. It is made of leather stuffed with hay, moss, or the like.

Aparithmesis (n.) Enumeration of parts or particulars.

Apart (adv.) Separately, in regard to space or company; in a state of separation as to place; aside.

Apart (adv.) In a state of separation, of exclusion, or of distinction, as to purpose, use, or character, or as a matter of thought; separately; independently; as, consider the two propositions apart.

Apart (adv.) Aside; away.

Apart (adv.) In two or more parts; asunder; to piece; as, to take a piece of machinery apart.

Apartment (n.) A room in a building; a division in a house, separated from others by partitions.

Apartment (n.) A set or suite of rooms.

Apartment (n.) A compartment.

Apartness (n.) The quality of standing apart.

Apastron (n.) That point in the orbit of a double star where the smaller star is farthest from its primary.

Apathetic (a.) Alt. of Apathetical

Apathetical (a.) Void of feeling; not susceptible of deep emotion; passionless; indifferent.

Apathetically (adv.) In an apathetic manner.

Apathist (n.) One who is destitute of feeling.

Apathistical (a.) Apathetic; une motional.

Apathies (pl. ) of Apathy

Apathy (n.) Want of feeling; privation of passion, emotion, or excitement; dispassion; -- applied either to the body or the mind. As applied to the mind, it is a calmness, indolence, or state of indifference, incapable of being ruffled or roused to active interest or exertion by pleasure, pain, or passion.

Apatite (n.) Native phosphate of lime, occurring usually in six-sided prisms, color often pale green, transparent or translucent.

Apaume (n.) See Appaume.

Ape (n.) A quadrumanous mammal, esp. of the family Simiadae, having teeth of the same number and form as in man, and possessing neither a tail nor cheek pouches. The name is applied esp. to species of the genus Hylobates, and is sometimes used as a general term for all Quadrumana. The higher forms, the gorilla, chimpanzee, and ourang, are often called anthropoid apes or man apes.

Ape (n.) One who imitates servilely (in allusion to the manners of the ape); a mimic.

Ape (n.) A dupe.

Aped (imp. & p. p.) of Ape

Aping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ape

Ape (v. t.) To mimic, as an ape imitates human actions; to imitate or follow servilely or irrationally.

Apeak (adv. & a.) In a vertical line. The anchor in apeak, when the cable has been sufficiently hove in to bring the ship over it, and the ship is them said to be hove apeak.

Apehood (n.) The state of being an ape.

Apellous (a.) Destitute of skin.

Apennine (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, the Apennines, a chain of mountains extending through Italy.

Apepsy (n.) Defective digestion, indigestion.

Aper (n.) One who apes.

Aperea (n.) The wild Guinea pig of Brazil (Cavia aperea).

Aperient (a.) Gently opening the bowels; laxative.

Aperient (n.) An aperient medicine or food.

Aperitive (a.) Serving to open; aperient.

Apert (a.) Open; evident; undisguised.

Apert (adv.) Openly.

Apertion (n.) The act of opening; an opening; an aperture.

Apertly (adv.) Openly; clearly.

Apertness (n.) Openness; frankness.

Aperture (n.) The act of opening.

Aperture (n.) An opening; an open space; a gap, cleft, or chasm; a passage perforated; a hole; as, an aperture in a wall.

Aperture (n.) The diameter of the exposed part of the object glass of a telescope or other optical instrument; as, a telescope of four-inch aperture.

Aperies (pl. ) of Apery

Apery (n.) A place where apes are kept.

Apery (n.) The practice of aping; an apish action.

Apetalous (a.) Having no petals, or flower leaves. [See Illust. under Anther].

Apetalousness (n.) The state of being apetalous.

Apexes (pl. ) of Apex

Apices (pl. ) of Apex

Apex (n.) The tip, top, point, or angular summit of anything; as, the apex of a mountain, spire, or cone; the apex, or tip, of a leaf.

Apex (n.) The end or edge of a vein nearest the surface.

Aphaeresis (n.) Same as Apheresis.

Aphakia (n.) An anomalous state of refraction caused by the absence of the crystalline lens, as after operations for cataract. The remedy is the use of powerful convex lenses.

Aphakial (a.) Pertaining to aphakia; as, aphakial eyes.

Aphaniptera (n. pl.) A group of wingless insects, of which the flea in the type. See Flea.

Aphanipterous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Aphaniptera.

Aphanite (n.) A very compact, dark-colored /ock, consisting of hornblende, or pyroxene, and feldspar, but neither of them in perceptible grains.

Aphanitic (a.) Resembling aphanite; having a very fine-grained structure.

Aphasia (n.) Alt. of Aphasy

Aphasy (n.) Loss of the power of speech, or of the appropriate use of words, the vocal organs remaining intact, and the intelligence being preserved. It is dependent on injury or disease of the brain.

Aphasic (a.) Pertaining to, or affected by, aphasia; speechless.

Aphelia (pl. ) of Aphelion

Aphelion (n.) That point of a planet's or comet's orbit which is most distant from the sun, the opposite point being the perihelion.

Apheliotropic (a.) Turning away from the sun; -- said of leaves, etc.

Apheliotropism (n.) The habit of bending from the sunlight; -- said of certain plants.

Aphemia (n.) Loss of the power of speaking, while retaining the power of writing; -- a disorder of cerebral origin.

Apheresis (n.) The dropping of a letter or syllable from the beginning of a word; e. g., cute for acute.

Apheresis (n.) An operation by which any part is separated from the rest.

Aphesis (n.) The loss of a short unaccented vowel at the beginning of a word; -- the result of a phonetic process; as, squire for esquire.

Aphetic (a.) Shortened by dropping a letter or a syllable from the beginning of a word; as, an aphetic word or form.

Aphetism (n.) An aphetized form of a word.

Aphetize (v. t.) To shorten by aphesis.

Aphid (n.) One of the genus Aphis; an aphidian.

Aphides (n. pl.) See Aphis.

Aphidian (a.) Of or pertaining to the family Aphidae.

Aphidian (n.) One of the aphides; an aphid.

Aphidivorous () Devouring aphides; aphidophagous.

Aphidophagous (a.) Feeding upon aphides, or plant lice, as do beetles of the family Coccinellidae.

Aphilanthropy (n.) Want of love to mankind; -- the opposite of philanthropy.

Aphides (pl. ) of Aphis

Aphis (n.) A genus of insects belonging to the order Hemiptera and family Aphidae, including numerous species known as plant lice and green flies.

Aphis lion () The larva of the lacewinged flies (Chrysopa), which feeds voraciously upon aphids. The name is also applied to the larvae of the ladybugs (Coccinella).

Aphlogistic (a.) Flameless; as, an aphlogistic lamp, in which a coil of wire is kept in a state of continued ignition by alcohol, without flame.

Aphonia (n.) Alt. of Aphony

Aphony (n.) Loss of voice or vocal utterance.

Aphonic (a.) Alt. of Aphonous

Aphonous (a.) Without voice; voiceless; nonvocal.

Aphorism (n.) A comprehensive maxim or principle expressed in a few words; a sharply defined sentence relating to abstract truth rather than to practical matters.

Aphorismatic (a.) Alt. of Aphorismic

Aphorismic (a.) Pertaining to aphorisms, or having the form of an aphorism.

Aphorismer (n.) A dealer in aphorisms.

Aphorist (n.) A writer or utterer of aphorisms.

Aphoristic (a.) Alt. of Aphoristical

Aphoristical (a.) In the form of, or of the nature of, an aphorism; in the form of short, unconnected sentences; as, an aphoristic style.

Aphoristically (adv.) In the form or manner of aphorisms; pithily.

Aphorize (v. i.) To make aphorisms.

Aphrite (n.) See under Calcite.

Aphrodisiac (a.) Alt. of Aphrodisiacal

Aphrodisiacal (a.) Exciting venereal desire; provocative to venery.

Aphrodisiac (n.) That which (as a drug, or some kinds of food) excites to venery.

Aphrodisian (a.) Pertaining to Aphrodite or Venus. "Aphrodisian dames" [that is, courtesans].

Aphrodite (n.) The Greek goddess of love, corresponding to the Venus of the Romans.

Aphrodite (n.) A large marine annelid, covered with long, lustrous, golden, hairlike setae; the sea mouse.

Aphrodite (n.) A beautiful butterfly (Argunnis Aphrodite) of the United States.

Aphroditic (a.) Venereal.

Aphtha (n.) One of the whitish specks called aphthae.

Aphtha (n.) The disease, also called thrush.

Aphthae (n. pl.) Roundish pearl-colored specks or flakes in the mouth, on the lips, etc., terminating in white sloughs. They are commonly characteristic of thrush.

Aphthoid (a.) Of the nature of aphthae; resembling thrush.

Aphthong (n.) A letter, or a combination of letters, employed in spelling a word, but in the pronunciation having no sound.

Aphthous (a.) Pertaining to, or caused by, aphthae; characterized by aphtae; as, aphthous ulcers; aphthous fever.

Aphyllous (a.) Destitute of leaves, as the broom rape, certain euphorbiaceous plants, etc.

Apiaceous (a.) Umbelliferous.

Apian (a.) Belonging to bees.

Apiarian (a.) Of or relating to bees.

Apiarist (n.) One who keeps an apiary.

Apiary (n.) A place where bees are kept; a stand or shed for bees; a beehouse.

Apical (a.) At or belonging to an apex, tip, or summit.

Apices (n. pl.) See Apex.

Apician (a.) Belonging to Apicius, a notorious Roman epicure; hence applied to whatever is peculiarly refined or dainty and expensive in cookery.

Apicular (a.) Situated at, or near, the apex; apical.

Apiculate (a.) Alt. of Apiculated

Apiculated (a.) Terminated abruptly by a small, distinct point, as a leaf.

Apiculture (n.) Rearing of bees for their honey and wax.

Apiece (adv.) Each by itself; by the single one; to each; as the share of each; as, these melons cost a shilling apiece.

Apieces (adv.) In pieces or to pieces.

Apiked (a.) Trimmed.

Apiol (n.) An oily liquid derived from parsley.

Apiologist (n.) A student of bees.

Apis (n.) A genus of insects of the order Hymenoptera, including the common honeybee (Apis mellifica) and other related species. See Honeybee.

Apish (a.) Having the qualities of an ape; prone to imitate in a servile manner. Hence: Apelike; fantastically silly; foppish; affected; trifling.

Apishly (adv.) In an apish manner; with servile imitation; foppishly.

Apishness (n.) The quality of being apish; mimicry; foppery.

Apitpat (adv.) With quick beating or palpitation; pitapat.

Aplacental (a.) Belonging to the Aplacentata; without placenta.

Aplacentata (n. pl.) Mammals which have no placenta.

Aplacophora (n. pl.) A division of Amphineura in which the body is naked or covered with slender spines or setae, but is without shelly plates.

Aplanatic (a.) Having two or more parts of different curvatures, so combined as to remove spherical aberration; -- said of a lens.

Aplanatism (n.) Freedom from spherical aberration.

Aplastic (a.) Not plastic or easily molded.

Aplomb (n.) Assurance of manner or of action; self-possession.

Aplotomy (n.) Simple incision.

Aplustre (n.) An ornamental appendage of wood at the ship's stern, usually spreading like a fan and curved like a bird's feather.

Aplysia (n.) A genus of marine mollusks of the order Tectibranchiata; the sea hare. Some of the species when disturbed throw out a deep purple liquor, which colors the water to some distance. See Illust. in Appendix.

Apneumona (n. pl.) An order of holothurians in which the internal respiratory organs are wanting; -- called also Apoda or Apodes.

Apnoea (n.) Partial privation or suspension of breath; suffocation.

Apo () A prefix from a Greek preposition. It usually signifies from, away from, off, or asunder, separate; as, in apocope (a cutting off), apostate, apostle (one sent away), apocarpous.

Apocalypse (n.) The revelation delivered to St. John, in the isle of Patmos, near the close of the first century, forming the last book of the New Testament.

Apocalypse (n.) Anything viewed as a revelation; a disclosure.

Apocalyptic (a.) Alt. of Apocalyptical

Apocalyptical (a.) Of or pertaining to a revelation, or, specifically, to the Revelation of St. John; containing, or of the nature of, a prophetic revelation.

Apocalyptic (n.) Alt. of Apocalyptist

Apocalyptist (n.) The writer of the Apocalypse.

Apocalyptically (adv.) By revelation; in an apocalyptic manner.

Apocarpous (a.) Either entirely or partially separate, as the carpels of a compound pistil; -- opposed to syncarpous.

Apocopate (v. t.) To cut off or drop; as, to apocopate a word, or the last letter, syllable, or part of a word.

Apocopate (a.) Alt. of Apocopated

Apocopated (a.) Shortened by apocope; as, an apocopate form.

Apocopation (n.) Shortening by apocope; the state of being apocopated.

Apocope (n.) The cutting off, or omission, of the last letter, syllable, or part of a word.

Apocope (n.) A cutting off; abscission.

Apocrisiary (n.) Alt. of Apocrisiarius

Apocrisiarius (n.) A delegate or deputy; especially, the pope's nuncio or legate at Constantinople.

Apocrustic (a.) Astringent and repellent.

Apocrustic (n.) An apocrustic medicine.

Apocryphas (pl. ) of Apocrypha

Apocrypha (n. pl.) Something, as a writing, that is of doubtful authorship or authority; -- formerly used also adjectively.

Apocrypha (n. pl.) Specif.: Certain writings which are received by some Christians as an authentic part of the Holy Scriptures, but are rejected by others.

Apocryphal (a.) Pertaining to the Apocrypha.

Apocryphal (a.) Not canonical. Hence: Of doubtful authority; equivocal; mythic; fictitious; spurious; false.

Apocryphalist (n.) One who believes in, or defends, the Apocrypha.

Apocryphally (adv.) In an apocryphal manner; mythically; not indisputably.

Apocryphalness (n.) The quality or state of being apocryphal; doubtfulness of credit or genuineness.

Apocynaceous (a.) Alt. of Apocyneous

Apocyneous (a.) Belonging to, or resembling, a family of plants, of which the dogbane (Apocynum) is the type.

Apocynin (n.) A bitter principle obtained from the dogbane (Apocynum cannabinum).

Apod (n.) Alt. of Apodal

Apodal (n.) Without feet; footless.

Apodal (n.) Destitute of the ventral fin, as the eels.

Apods (pl. ) of Apode

Apodes (pl. ) of Apode

Apod (n.) Alt. of Apode

Apode (n.) One of certain animals that have no feet or footlike organs; esp. one of certain fabulous birds which were said to have no feet.

Apoda (n.) A group of cirripeds, destitute of footlike organs.

Apoda (n.) An order of Amphibia without feet. See Ophiomorpha.

Apoda (n.) A group of worms without appendages, as the leech.

Apodan (a.) Apodal.

Apodeictic (a.) Alt. of Apodictical

Apodictic (a.) Alt. of Apodictical

Apodeictical (a.) Alt. of Apodictical

Apodictical (a.) Self-evident; intuitively true; evident beyond contradiction.

Apodeictically (adv.) Alt. of Apodictically

Apodictically (adv.) So as to be evident beyond contradiction.

Apodeme (n.) One of the processes of the shell which project inwards and unite with one another, in the thorax of many Crustacea.

Apodes (n. pl.) An order of fishes without ventral fins, including the eels.

Apodes (n. pl.) A group of holothurians destitute of suckers. See Apneumona.

Apodictic (a.) Same as Apodeictic.

Apodixis (n.) Full demonstration.

Apodosis (n.) The consequent clause or conclusion in a conditional sentence, expressing the result, and thus distinguished from the protasis or clause which expresses a condition. Thus, in the sentence, "Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him," the former clause is the protasis, and the latter the apodosis.

Apodous (a.) Apodal; apod.

Apodyterium (n.) The apartment at the entrance of the baths, or in the palestra, where one stripped; a dressing room.

Apogaic (a.) Apogean.

Apogamic (a.) Relating to apogamy.

Apogamy (n.) The formation of a bud in place of a fertilized ovule or oospore.

Apogeal (a.) Apogean.

Apogean (a.) Connected with the apogee; as, apogean (neap) tides, which occur when the moon has passed her apogee.

Apogee (n.) That point in the orbit of the moon which is at the greatest distance from the earth.

Apogee (n.) Fig.: The farthest or highest point; culmination.

Apogeotropic (a.) Bending away from the ground; -- said of leaves, etc.

Apogeotropism (n.) The apogeotropic tendency of some leaves, and other parts.

Apograph (n.) A copy or transcript.

Apohyal (a.) Of or pertaining to a portion of the horn of the hyoid bone.

Apoise (adv.) Balanced.

Apolar (a.) Having no radiating processes; -- applied particularly to certain nerve cells.

Apolaustic (a.) Devoted to enjoyment.

Apollinarian (a.) In honor of Apollo; as, the Apollinarian games.

Apollinarian (n.) A follower of Apollinaris, Bishop of Laodicea in the fourth century, who denied the proper humanity of Christ.

Apollinaris water () An effervescing alkaline mineral water used as a table beverage. It is obtained from a spring in Apollinarisburg, near Bonn.

Apollo (n.) A deity among the Greeks and Romans. He was the god of light and day (the "sun god"), of archery, prophecy, medicine, poetry, and music, etc., and was represented as the model of manly grace and beauty; -- called also Phebus.

Apollonian (a.) Alt. of Apollonic

Apollonic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, Apollo.

Apollyon (n.) The Destroyer; -- a name used (Rev. ix. 11) for the angel of the bottomless pit, answering to the Hebrew Abaddon.

Apologer (n.) A teller of apologues.

Apologetic (a.) Alt. of Apologetical

Apologetical (a.) Defending by words or arguments; said or written in defense, or by way of apology; regretfully excusing; as, an apologetic essay.

Apologetically (adv.) By way of apology.

Apologetics (n.) That branch of theology which defends the Holy Scriptures, and sets forth the evidence of their divine authority.

Apologist (n.) One who makes an apology; one who speaks or writes in defense of a faith, a cause, or an institution; especially, one who argues in defense of Christianity.

Apologized (imp. & p. p.) of Apologize

Apologizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Apologize

Apologize (v. i.) To make an apology or defense.

Apologize (v. i.) To make an apology or excuse; to make acknowledgment of some fault or offense, with expression of regret for it, by way of amends; -- with for; as, my correspondent apologized for not answering my letter.

Apologize (v. t.) To defend.

Apologizer (n.) One who makes an apology; an apologist.

Apologue (n.) A story or relation of fictitious events, intended to convey some moral truth; a moral fable.

Apologies (pl. ) of Apology

Apology (n.) Something said or written in defense or justification of what appears to others wrong, or of what may be liable to disapprobation; justification; as, Tertullian's Apology for Christianity.

Apology (n.) An acknowledgment intended as an atonement for some improper or injurious remark or act; an admission to another of a wrong or discourtesy done him, accompanied by an expression of regret.

Apology (n.) Anything provided as a substitute; a makeshift.

Apology (v. i.) To offer an apology.

Apomecometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the height of objects.

Apomecometry (n.) The art of measuring the distance of objects afar off.

Apomorphia (n.) Alt. of Apomorphine

Apomorphine (n.) A crystalline alkaloid obtained from morphia. It is a powerful emetic.

Aponeuroses (pl. ) of Aponeurosis

Aponeurosis (n.) Any one of the thicker and denser of the deep fasciae which cover, invest, and the terminations and attachments of, many muscles. They often differ from tendons only in being flat and thin. See Fascia.

Aponeurotic (a.) Of or pertaining to an aponeurosis.

Aponeurotomy (n.) Dissection of aponeuroses.

Apopemptic (a.) Sung or addressed to one departing; valedictory; as, apoplectic songs or hymns.

Apophasis (n.) A figure by which a speaker formally declines to take notice of a favorable point, but in such a manner as to produce the effect desired. [For example, see Mark Antony's oration. Shak., Julius Caesar, iii. 2.]

Apophlegmatic (a.) Designed to facilitate discharges of phlegm or mucus from mouth or nostrils.

Apophlegmatic (n.) An apophlegmatic medicine.

Apophlegmatism (n.) The action of apophlegmatics.

Apophlegmatism (n.) An apophlegmatic.

Apophlegmatizant (n.) An apophlegmatic.

Apophthegm (n.) See Apothegm.

Apophthegmatic (a.) Alt. of Apophthegmatical

Apophthegmatical (a.) Same as Apothegmatic.

Apophyge (n.) The small hollow curvature given to the top or bottom of the shaft of a column where it expands to meet the edge of the fillet; -- called also the scape.

Apophyllite (n.) A mineral relating to the zeolites, usually occurring in square prisms or octahedrons with pearly luster on the cleavage surface. It is a hydrous silicate of calcium and potassium.

-ses (pl. ) of Apophysis

Apophysis (n.) A marked prominence or process on any part of a bone.

Apophysis (n.) An enlargement at the top of a pedicel or stem, as seen in certain mosses.

Apoplectic (a.) Alt. of Apoplectical

Apoplectical (a.) Relating to apoplexy; affected with, inclined to, or symptomatic of, apoplexy; as, an apoplectic person, medicine, habit or temperament, symptom, fit, or stroke.

Apoplectic (n.) One liable to, or affected with, apoplexy.

Apoplectiform (a.) Alt. of Apoplectoid

Apoplectoid (a.) Resembling apoplexy.

Apoplex (n.) Apoplexy.

Apoplexed (a.) Affected with apoplexy.

Apoplexy (n.) Sudden diminution or loss of consciousness, sensation, and voluntary motion, usually caused by pressure on the brain.

Aporetical (a.) Doubting; skeptical.

Aporias (pl. ) of Aporia

Aporia (n.) A figure in which the speaker professes to be at a loss what course to pursue, where to begin to end, what to say, etc.

Aporosa (n. pl.) A group of corals in which the coral is not porous; -- opposed to Perforata.

Aporose (a.) Without pores.

Aport (adv.) On or towards the port or left side; -- said of the helm.

Aposiopesis (n.) A figure of speech in which the speaker breaks off suddenly, as if unwilling or unable to state what was in his mind; as, "I declare to you that his conduct -- but I can not speak of that, here."

Apositic (a.) Destroying the appetite, or suspending hunger.

Apostasies (pl. ) of Apostasy

Apostasy (n.) An abandonment of what one has voluntarily professed; a total desertion of departure from one's faith, principles, or party; esp., the renunciation of a religious faith; as, Julian's apostasy from Christianity.

Apostate (n.) One who has forsaken the faith, principles, or party, to which he before adhered; esp., one who has forsaken his religion for another; a pervert; a renegade.

Apostate (n.) One who, after having received sacred orders, renounces his clerical profession.

Apostate (a.) Pertaining to, or characterized by, apostasy; faithless to moral allegiance; renegade.

Apostate (v. i.) To apostatize.

Apostatic (a.) Apostatical.

Apostatical (a.) Apostate.

Apostatized (imp. & p. p.) of Apostatize

Apostatizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Apostatize

Apostatize (v. i.) To renounce totally a religious belief once professed; to forsake one's church, the faith or principles once held, or the party to which one has previously adhered.

Apostemate (v. i.) To form an abscess; to swell and fill with pus.

Apostemation (n.) The formation of an aposteme; the process of suppuration.

Apostematous (a.) Pertaining to, or partaking of the nature of, an aposteme.

Aposteme (n.) An abscess; a swelling filled with purulent matter.

A posteriori () Characterizing that kind of reasoning which derives propositions from the observation of facts, or by generalizations from facts arrives at principles and definitions, or infers causes from effects. This is the reverse of a priori reasoning.

A posteriori () Applied to knowledge which is based upon or derived from facts through induction or experiment; inductive or empirical.

Apostil (n.) Alt. of Apostille

Apostille (n.) A marginal note on a letter or other paper; an annotation.

Apostle (n.) Literally: One sent forth; a messenger. Specifically: One of the twelve disciples of Christ, specially chosen as his companions and witnesses, and sent forth to preach the gospel.

Apostle (n.) The missionary who first plants the Christian faith in any part of the world; also, one who initiates any great moral reform, or first advocates any important belief; one who has extraordinary success as a missionary or reformer; as, Dionysius of Corinth is called the apostle of France, John Eliot the apostle to the Indians, Theobald Mathew the apostle of temperance.

Apostle (n.) A brief letter dimissory sent by a court appealed from to the superior court, stating the case, etc.; a paper sent up on appeals in the admiralty courts.

Apostleship (n.) The office or dignity of an apostle.

Apostolate (n.) The dignity, office, or mission, of an apostle; apostleship.

Apostolate (n.) The dignity or office of the pope, as the holder of the apostolic see.

Apostolic (a.) Alt. of Apostolical

Apostolical (a.) Pertaining to an apostle, or to the apostles, their times, or their peculiar spirit; as, an apostolical mission; the apostolic age.

Apostolical (a.) According to the doctrines of the apostles; delivered or taught by the apostles; as, apostolic faith or practice.

Apostolical (a.) Of or pertaining to the pope or the papacy; papal.

Apostolic (n.) A member of one of certain ascetic sects which at various times professed to imitate the practice of the apostles.

Apostolically (adv.) In an apostolic manner.

Apostolicalness (n.) Apostolicity.

Apostolicism (n.) Alt. of Apostolicity

Apostolicity (n.) The state or quality of being apostolical.

Apostrophe (n.) A figure of speech by which the orator or writer suddenly breaks off from the previous method of his discourse, and addresses, in the second person, some person or thing, absent or present; as, Milton's apostrophe to Light at the beginning of the third book of "Paradise Lost."

Apostrophe (n.) The contraction of a word by the omission of a letter or letters, which omission is marked by the character ['] placed where the letter or letters would have been; as, call'd for called.

Apostrophe (n.) The mark ['] used to denote that a word is contracted (as in ne'er for never, can't for can not), and as a sign of the possessive, singular and plural; as, a boy's hat, boys' hats. In the latter use it originally marked the omission of the letter e.

Apostrophic (a.) Pertaining to an apostrophe, grammatical or rhetorical.

Apostrophize (p. pr. & vb. n.) To address by apostrophe.

Apostrophize (p. pr. & vb. n.) To contract by omitting a letter or letters; also, to mark with an apostrophe (') or apostrophes.

Apostrophize (v. i.) To use the rhetorical figure called apostrophe.

Apostume (n.) See Aposteme.

Apotactite (n.) One of a sect of ancient Christians, who, in supposed imitation of the first believers, renounced all their possessions.

Apotelesm (n.) The result or issue.

Apotelesm (n.) The calculation and explanation of a nativity.

Apotelesmatic (a.) Relating to the casting of horoscopes.

Apotelesmatic (a.) Relating to an issue of fulfillment.

Apothecaries (pl. ) of Apothecary

Apothecary (n.) One who prepares and sells drugs or compounds for medicinal purposes.

Apothecia (pl. ) of Apothecium

Apothecium (n.) The ascigerous fructification of lichens, forming masses of various shapes.

Apothegm (n.) Alt. of Apophthegm

Apophthegm (n.) A short, pithy, and instructive saying; a terse remark, conveying some important truth; a sententious precept or maxim.

Apothegmatic (a.) Alt. of Apothegmatical

Apothegmatical (a.) Pertaining to, or in the manner of, an apothegm; sententious; pithy.

Apothegmatist (n.) A collector or maker of apothegms.

Apothegmatize (v. i.) To utter apothegms, or short and sententious sayings.

Apothem (n.) The perpendicular from the center to one of the sides of a regular polygon.

Apothem (n.) A deposit formed in a liquid extract of a vegetable substance by exposure to the air.

Apotheoses (pl. ) of Apotheosis

Apotheosis (n. pl.) The act of elevating a mortal to the rank of, and placing him among, "the gods;" deification.

Apotheosis (n. pl.) Glorification; exaltation.

Apotheosize (v. t.) To exalt to the dignity of a deity; to declare to be a god; to deify; to glorify.

Apothesis (n.) A place on the south side of the chancel in the primitive churches, furnished with shelves, for books, vestments, etc.

Apothesis (n.) A dressing room connected with a public bath.

Apotome (n.) The difference between two quantities commensurable only in power, as between A2 and 1, or between the diagonal and side of a square.

Apotome (n.) The remaining part of a whole tone after a smaller semitone has been deducted from it; a major semitone.

Apozem (n.) A decoction or infusion.

Apozemical (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a decoction.

Appair (v. t. & i.) To impair; to grow worse.

Appalachian (a.) Of or pertaining to a chain of mountains in the United States, commonly called the Allegheny mountains.

Appalled (imp. & p. p.) of Appall

Appalling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Appall

Appall (a.) To make pale; to blanch.

Appall (a.) To weaken; to enfeeble; to reduce; as, an old appalled wight.

Appall (a.) To depress or discourage with fear; to impress with fear in such a manner that the mind shrinks, or loses its firmness; to overcome with sudden terror or horror; to dismay; as, the sight appalled the stoutest heart.

Appall (v. i.) To grow faint; to become weak; to become dismayed or discouraged.

Appall (v. i.) To lose flavor or become stale.

Appall (n.) Terror; dismay.

Appalling (a.) Such as to appall; as, an appalling accident.

Appallment (n.) Depression occasioned by terror; dismay.

Appanage (n.) The portion of land assigned by a sovereign prince for the subsistence of his younger sons.

Appanage (n.) A dependency; a dependent territory.

Appanage (n.) That which belongs to one by custom or right; a natural adjunct or accompaniment.

Appanagist (n.) A prince to whom an appanage has been granted.

Apparaillyng (v.) Preparation.

Apparatus (pl. ) of Apparatus

Apparatuses (pl. ) of Apparatus

Apparatus (n.) Things provided as means to some end.

Apparatus (n.) Hence: A full collection or set of implements, or utensils, for a given duty, experimental or operative; any complex instrument or appliance, mechanical or chemical, for a specific action or operation; machinery; mechanism.

Apparatus (n.) A collection of organs all of which unite in a common function; as, the respiratory apparatus.

Apparel (n.) External clothing; vesture; garments; dress; garb; external habiliments or array.

Apparel (n.) A small ornamental piece of embroidery worn on albs and some other ecclesiastical vestments.

Apparel (n.) The furniture of a ship, as masts, sails, rigging, anchors, guns, etc.

Appareled (imp. & p. p.) of Apparel

Apparelled () of Apparel

Appareling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Apparel

Apparelling () of Apparel

Apparel (v. t.) To make or get (something) ready; to prepare.

Apparel (v. t.) To furnish with apparatus; to equip; to fit out.

Apparel (v. t.) To dress or clothe; to attire.

Apparel (v. t.) To dress with external ornaments; to cover with something ornamental; to deck; to embellish; as, trees appareled with flowers, or a garden with verdure.

Apparence (n.) Appearance.

Apparency (n.) Appearance.

Apparency (n.) Apparentness; state of being apparent.

Apparency (n.) The position of being heir apparent.

Apparent (a.) Capable of being seen, or easily seen; open to view; visible to the eye; within sight or view.

Apparent (a.) Clear or manifest to the understanding; plain; evident; obvious; known; palpable; indubitable.

Apparent (a.) Appearing to the eye or mind (distinguished from, but not necessarily opposed to, true or real); seeming; as the apparent motion or diameter of the sun.

Apparent (n.) An heir apparent.

Apparently (adv.) Visibly.

Apparently (adv.) Plainly; clearly; manifestly; evidently.

Apparently (adv.) Seemingly; in appearance; as, a man may be apparently friendly, yet malicious in heart.

Apparentness (n.) Plainness to the eye or the mind; visibleness; obviousness.

Apparition (n.) The act of becoming visible; appearance; visibility.

Apparition (n.) The thing appearing; a visible object; a form.

Apparition (n.) An unexpected, wonderful, or preternatural appearance; a ghost; a specter; a phantom.

Apparition (n.) The first appearance of a star or other luminary after having been invisible or obscured; -- opposed to occultation.

Apparitional (a.) Pertaining to an apparition or to apparitions; spectral.

Apparitor (n.) Formerly, an officer who attended magistrates and judges to execute their orders.

Apparitor (n.) A messenger or officer who serves the process of an ecclesiastical court.

Appaume (n.) A hand open and extended so as to show the palm.

Appay (v. t.) To pay; to satisfy or appease.

Appeach (v. t.) To impeach; to accuse; to asperse; to inform against; to reproach.

Appeacher (n.) An accuser.

Appeachment (n.) Accusation.

Appealed (imp. & p. p.) of Appeal

Appealing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Appeal

Appeal (v. t.) To make application for the removal of (a cause) from an inferior to a superior judge or court for a rehearing or review on account of alleged injustice or illegality in the trial below. We say, the cause was appealed from an inferior court.

Appeal (v. t.) To charge with a crime; to accuse; to institute a private criminal prosecution against for some heinous crime; as, to appeal a person of felony.

Appeal (v. t.) To summon; to challenge.

Appeal (v. t.) To invoke.

Appeal (v. t.) To apply for the removal of a cause from an inferior to a superior judge or court for the purpose of reexamination of for decision.

Appeal (v. t.) To call upon another to decide a question controverted, to corroborate a statement, to vindicate one's rights, etc.; as, I appeal to all mankind for the truth of what is alleged. Hence: To call on one for aid; to make earnest request.

Appeal (v. t.) An application for the removal of a cause or suit from an inferior to a superior judge or court for reexamination or review.

Appeal (v. t.) The mode of proceeding by which such removal is effected.

Appeal (v. t.) The right of appeal.

Appeal (v. t.) An accusation; a process which formerly might be instituted by one private person against another for some heinous crime demanding punishment for the particular injury suffered, rather than for the offense against the public.

Appeal (v. t.) An accusation of a felon at common law by one of his accomplices, which accomplice was then called an approver. See Approvement.

Appeal (v. t.) A summons to answer to a charge.

Appeal (v. t.) A call upon a person or an authority for proof or decision, in one's favor; reference to another as witness; a call for help or a favor; entreaty.

Appeal (v. t.) Resort to physical means; recourse.

Appealable (a.) Capable of being appealed against; that may be removed to a higher tribunal for decision; as, the cause is appealable.

Appealable (a.) That may be accused or called to answer by appeal; as, a criminal is appealable for manslaughter.

Appealant (n.) An appellant.

Appealer (n.) One who makes an appeal.

Appealing (a.) That appeals; imploring.

Appeared (imp. & p. p.) of Appear

Appearing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Appear

Appear (v. i.) To come or be in sight; to be in view; to become visible.

Appear (v. i.) To come before the public; as, a great writer appeared at that time.

Appear (v. i.) To stand in presence of some authority, tribunal, or superior person, to answer a charge, plead a cause, or the like; to present one's self as a party or advocate before a court, or as a person to be tried.

Appear (v. i.) To become visible to the apprehension of the mind; to be known as a subject of observation or comprehension, or as a thing proved; to be obvious or manifest.

Appear (v. i.) To seem; to have a certain semblance; to look.

Appear (n.) Appearance.

Appearance (n.) The act of appearing or coming into sight; the act of becoming visible to the eye; as, his sudden appearance surprised me.

Appearance (n.) A thing seed; a phenomenon; a phase; an apparition; as, an appearance in the sky.

Appearance (n.) Personal presence; exhibition of the person; look; aspect; mien.

Appearance (n.) Semblance, or apparent likeness; external show. pl. Outward signs, or circumstances, fitted to make a particular impression or to determine the judgment as to the character of a person or a thing, an act or a state; as, appearances are against him.

Appearance (n.) The act of appearing in a particular place, or in society, a company, or any proceedings; a coming before the public in a particular character; as, a person makes his appearance as an historian, an artist, or an orator.

Appearance (n.) Probability; likelihood.

Appearance (n.) The coming into court of either of the parties; the being present in court; the coming into court of a party summoned in an action, either by himself or by his attorney, expressed by a formal entry by the proper officer to that effect; the act or proceeding by which a party proceeded against places himself before the court, and submits to its jurisdiction.

Appearer (n.) One who appears.

Appearingly (adv.) Apparently.

Appeasable (a.) Capable of being appeased or pacified; placable.

Appealed (imp. & p. p.) of Appease

Appeasing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Appease

Appease (v. t.) To make quiet; to calm; to reduce to a state of peace; to still; to pacify; to dispel (anger or hatred); as, to appease the tumult of the ocean, or of the passions; to appease hunger or thirst.

Appeasement (n.) The act of appeasing, or the state of being appeased; pacification.

Appeaser (n.) One who appeases; a pacifier.

Appeasive (a.) Tending to appease.

Appellable (a.) Appealable.

Appellancy (n.) Capability of appeal.

Appellant (a.) Relating to an appeal; appellate.

Appellant (n.) One who accuses another of felony or treason.

Appellant (n.) One who appeals, or asks for a rehearing or review of a cause by a higher tribunal.

Appellant (n.) A challenger.

Appellant (n.) One who appealed to a general council against the bull Unigenitus.

Appellant (n.) One who appeals or entreats.

Appellate (a.) Pertaining to, or taking cognizance of, appeals.

Appellate (n.) A person or prosecuted for a crime. [Obs.] See Appellee.

Appellation (n.) The act of appealing; appeal.

Appellation (n.) The act of calling by a name.

Appellation (n.) The word by which a particular person or thing is called and known; name; title; designation.

Appellative (a.) Pertaining to a common name; serving as a distinctive denomination; denominative; naming.

Appellative (a.) Common, as opposed to proper; denominative of a class.

Appellative (n.) A common name, in distinction from a proper name. A common name, or appellative, stands for a whole class, genus, or species of beings, or for universal ideas. Thus, tree is the name of all plants of a particular class; plant and vegetable are names of things that grow out of the earth. A proper name, on the other hand, stands for a single thing; as, Rome, Washington, Lake Erie.

Appellative (n.) An appellation or title; a descriptive name.

Appellatively (adv.) After the manner of nouns appellative; in a manner to express whole classes or species; as, Hercules is sometimes used appellatively, that is, as a common name, to signify a strong man.

Appellativeness (n.) The quality of being appellative.

Appellatory (a.) Containing an appeal.

Appellee (n.) The defendant in an appeal; -- opposed to appellant.

Appellee (n.) The person who is appealed against, or accused of crime; -- opposed to appellor.

Appellor (n.) The person who institutes an appeal, or prosecutes another for a crime.

Appellor (n.) One who confesses a felony committed and accuses his accomplices.

Appenage (n.) See Appanage.

Appended (imp. & p. p.) of Append

Appending (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Append

Append (v. t.) To hang or attach to, as by a string, so that the thing is suspended; as, a seal appended to a record; the inscription was appended to the column.

Append (v. t.) To add, as an accessory to the principal thing; to annex; as, notes appended to this chapter.

Appendage (n.) Something appended to, or accompanying, a principal or greater thing, though not necessary to it, as a portico to a house.

Appendage (n.) A subordinate or subsidiary part or organ; an external organ or limb, esp. of the articulates.

Appendaged (a.) Furnished with, or supplemented by, an appendage.

Appendance (n.) Something appendant.

Appendant (v. t.) Hanging; annexed; adjunct; concomitant; as, a seal appendant to a paper.

Appendant (v. t.) Appended by prescription, that is, a personal usage for a considerable time; -- said of a thing of inheritance belonging to another inheritance which is superior or more worthy; as, an advowson, common, etc. , which may be appendant to a manor, common of fishing to a freehold, a seat in church to a house.

Appendant (n.) Anything attached to another as incidental or subordinate to it.

Appendant (n.) A inheritance annexed by prescription to a superior inheritance.

Appendence (n.) Alt. of Appendency

Appendency (n.) State of being appendant; appendance.

Appendical (a.) Of or like an appendix.

Appendicate (v. t.) To append.

Appendication (n.) An appendage.

Appendicitis (n.) Inflammation of the vermiform appendix.

Appendicle (n.) A small appendage.

Appendicular (a.) Relating to an appendicle; appendiculate.

Appendicularia (n.) A genus of small free-swimming Tunicata, shaped somewhat like a tadpole, and remarkable for resemblances to the larvae of other Tunicata. It is the type of the order Copelata or Larvalia. See Illustration in Appendix.

Appendiculata (n. pl.) An order of annelids; the Polych/ta.

Appendiculate (a.) Having small appendages; forming an appendage.

Appendixes (pl. ) of Appendix

Appendices (pl. ) of Appendix

Appendix (n.) Something appended or added; an appendage, adjunct, or concomitant.

Appendix (n.) Any literary matter added to a book, but not necessarily essential to its completeness, and thus distinguished from supplement, which is intended to supply deficiencies and correct inaccuracies.

Appension (n.) The act of appending.

Apperceive (v. t.) To perceive; to comprehend.

Apperception (n.) The mind's perception of itself as the subject or actor in its own states; perception that reflects upon itself; sometimes, intensified or energetic perception.

Apperil (n.) Peril.

Appertained (imp. & p. p.) of Appertain

Appertaining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Appertain

Appertain (v. i.) To belong or pertain, whether by right, nature, appointment, or custom; to relate.

Appertainment (n.) That which appertains to a person; an appurtenance.

Appertinance (n.) Alt. of Appertinence

Appertinence (n.) See Appurtenance.

Appertinent (a.) Belonging; appertaining.

Appertinent (n.) That which belongs to something else; an appurtenant.

Appete (v. t.) To seek for; to desire.

Appetence (n.) A longing; a desire; especially an ardent desire; appetite; appetency.

Appetencies (pl. ) of Appetency

Appetency (n.) Fixed and strong desire; esp. natural desire; a craving; an eager appetite.

Appetency (n.) Specifically: An instinctive inclination or propensity in animals to perform certain actions, as in the young to suck, in aquatic fowls to enter into water and to swim; the tendency of an organized body to seek what satisfies the wants of its organism.

Appetency (n.) Natural tendency; affinity; attraction; -- used of inanimate objects.

Appetent (a.) Desiring; eagerly desirous.

Appetibility (n.) The quality of being desirable.

Appetible (a.) Desirable; capable or worthy of being the object of desire.

Appetite (n.) The desire for some personal gratification, either of the body or of the mind.

Appetite (n.) Desire for, or relish of, food or drink; hunger.

Appetite (n.) Any strong desire; an eagerness or longing.

Appetite (n.) Tendency; appetency.

Appetite (n.) The thing desired.

Appetition (n.) Desire; a longing for, or seeking after, something.

Appetitive (a.) Having the quality of desiring gratification; as, appetitive power or faculty.

Appetize (v. t.) To make hungry; to whet the appetite of.

Appetizer (n.) Something which creates or whets an appetite.

Appetizing (a.) Exciting appetite; as, appetizing food.

Appetizing (adv.) So as to excite appetite.

Appian (a.) Of or pertaining to Appius.

Applauded (imp. & p. p.) of Applaud

Applauding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Applaud

Applaud (v. t.) To show approval of by clapping the hands, acclamation, or other significant sign.

Applaud (v. t.) To praise by words; to express approbation of; to commend; to approve.

Applaud (v. i.) To express approbation loudly or significantly.

Applauder (n.) One who applauds.

Applausable (a.) Worthy of applause; praiseworthy.

Applause (n.) The act of applauding; approbation and praise publicly expressed by clapping the hands, stamping or tapping with the feet, acclamation, huzzas, or other means; marked commendation.

Applausive (a.) Expressing applause; approbative.

Apple (n.) The fleshy pome or fruit of a rosaceous tree (Pyrus malus) cultivated in numberless varieties in the temperate zones.

Apple (n.) Any tree genus Pyrus which has the stalk sunken into the base of the fruit; an apple tree.

Apple (n.) Any fruit or other vegetable production resembling, or supposed to resemble, the apple; as, apple of love, or love apple (a tomato), balsam apple, egg apple, oak apple.

Apple (n.) Anything round like an apple; as, an apple of gold.

Apple (v. i.) To grow like an apple; to bear apples.

Apple-faced (a.) Having a round, broad face, like an apple.

Apple-jack (n.) Apple brandy.

Apple-john (n.) A kind of apple which by keeping becomes much withered; -- called also Johnapple.

Apple pie () A pie made of apples (usually sliced or stewed) with spice and sugar.

Apple-squire (n.) A pimp; a kept gallant.

Appliable (a.) Applicable; also, compliant.

Appliance (n.) The act of applying; application; [Obs.] subservience.

Appliance (n.) The thing applied or used as a means to an end; an apparatus or device; as, to use various appliances; a mechanical appliance; a machine with its appliances.

Applicability (n.) The quality of being applicable or fit to be applied.

Applicable (a.) Capable of being applied; fit or suitable to be applied; having relevance; as, this observation is applicable to the case under consideration.

Applicancy (n.) The quality or state of being applicable.

Applicant (n.) One who apples for something; one who makes request; a petitioner.

Applicate (a.) Applied or put to some use.

Applicate (v. i.) To apply.

Application (n.) The act of applying or laying on, in a literal sense; as, the application of emollients to a diseased limb.

Application (n.) The thing applied.

Application (n.) The act of applying as a means; the employment of means to accomplish an end; specific use.

Application (n.) The act of directing or referring something to a particular case, to discover or illustrate agreement or disagreement, fitness, or correspondence; as, I make the remark, and leave you to make the application; the application of a theory.

Application (n.) Hence, in specific uses: (a) That part of a sermon or discourse in which the principles before laid down and illustrated are applied to practical uses; the "moral" of a fable. (b) The use of the principles of one science for the purpose of enlarging or perfecting another; as, the application of algebra to geometry.

Application (n.) The capacity of being practically applied or used; relevancy; as, a rule of general application.

Application (n.) The act of fixing the mind or closely applying one's self; assiduous effort; close attention; as, to injure the health by application to study.

Application (n.) The act of making request of soliciting; as, an application for an office; he made application to a court of chancery.

Application (n.) A request; a document containing a request; as, his application was placed on file.

Applicative (a.) Capable of being applied or used; applying; applicatory; practical.

Applicatorily (adv.) By way of application.

Applicatory (a.) Having the property of applying; applicative; practical.

Applicatory (n.) That which applies.

Appliedly (adv.) By application.

Applier (n.) He who, or that which, applies.

Appliment (n.) Application.

Applique (a.) Ornamented with a pattern (which has been cut out of another color or stuff) applied or transferred to a foundation; as, applique lace; applique work.

Applotted (imp. & p. p.) of Applot

Applotting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Applot

Applot (v. t.) To divide into plots or parts; to apportion.

Applotment (n.) Apportionment.

Applied (imp. & p. p.) of Apply

Applying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Apply

Apply (v. t.) To lay or place; to put or adjust (one thing to another); -- with to; as, to apply the hand to the breast; to apply medicaments to a diseased part of the body.

Apply (v. t.) To put to use; to use or employ for a particular purpose, or in a particular case; to appropriate; to devote; as, to apply money to the payment of a debt.

Apply (v. t.) To make use of, declare, or pronounce, as suitable, fitting, or relative; as, to apply the testimony to the case; to apply an epithet to a person.

Apply (v. t.) To fix closely; to engage and employ diligently, or with attention; to attach; to incline.

Apply (v. t.) To direct or address.

Apply (v. t.) To betake; to address; to refer; -- used reflexively.

Apply (v. t.) To busy; to keep at work; to ply.

Apply (v. t.) To visit.

Apply (v. i.) To suit; to agree; to have some connection, agreement, or analogy; as, this argument applies well to the case.

Apply (v. i.) To make request; to have recourse with a view to gain something; to make application. (to); to solicit; as, to apply to a friend for information.

Apply (v. i.) To ply; to move.

Apply (v. i.) To apply or address one's self; to give application; to attend closely (to).

Appoggiatura (n.) A passing tone preceding an essential tone, and borrowing the time it occupies from that; a short auxiliary or grace note one degree above or below the principal note unless it be of the same harmony; -- generally indicated by a note of smaller size, as in the illustration above. It forms no essential part of the harmony.

Appointed (imp. & p. p.) of Appoint

Appointing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Appoint

Appoint (v. t.) To fix with power or firmness; to establish; to mark out.

Appoint (v. t.) To fix by a decree, order, command, resolve, decision, or mutual agreement; to constitute; to ordain; to prescribe; to fix the time and place of.

Appoint (v. t.) To assign, designate, or set apart by authority.

Appoint (v. t.) To furnish in all points; to provide with everything necessary by way of equipment; to equip; to fit out.

Appoint (v. t.) To point at by way, or for the purpose, of censure or commendation; to arraign.

Appoint (v. t.) To direct, designate, or limit; to make or direct a new disposition of, by virtue of a power contained in a conveyance; -- said of an estate already conveyed.

Appoint (v. i.) To ordain; to determine; to arrange.

Appointable (a.) Capable of being appointed or constituted.

Appointee (v. t.) A person appointed.

Appointee (v. t.) A person in whose favor a power of appointment is executed.

Appointer (n.) One who appoints, or executes a power of appointment.

Appointive (a.) Subject to appointment; as, an appointive office.

Appointment (n.) The act of appointing; designation of a person to hold an office or discharge a trust; as, he erred by the appointment of unsuitable men.

Appointment (n.) The state of being appointed to som/ service or office; an office to which one is appointed; station; position; an, the appointment of treasurer.

Appointment (n.) Stipulation; agreement; the act of fixing by mutual agreement. Hence:: Arrangement for a meeting; engagement; as, they made an appointment to meet at six.

Appointment (n.) Decree; direction; established order or constitution; as, to submit to the divine appointments.

Appointment (n.) The exercise of the power of designating (under a "power of appointment") a person to enjoy an estate or other specific property; also, the instrument by which the designation is made.

Appointment (n.) Equipment, furniture, as for a ship or an army; whatever is appointed for use and management; outfit; (pl.) the accouterments of military officers or soldiers, as belts, sashes, swords.

Appointment (n.) An allowance to a person, esp. to a public officer; a perquisite; -- properly only in the plural.

Appointment (n.) A honorary part or exercise, as an oration, etc., at a public exhibition of a college; as, to have an appointment.

Appointor (n.) The person who selects the appointee. See Appointee, 2.

Apporter (n.) A bringer in; an importer.

Apportioned (imp. & p. p.) of Apportion

Apportioning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Apportion

Apportion (v. t.) To divide and assign in just proportion; to divide and distribute proportionally; to portion out; to allot; as, to apportion undivided rights; to apportion time among various employments.

Apportionateness (n.) The quality of being apportioned or in proportion.

Apportioner (n.) One who apportions.

Apportionment (n.) The act of apportioning; a dividing into just proportions or shares; a division or shares; a division and assignment, to each proprietor, of his just portion of an undivided right or property.

Appose (v. t.) To place opposite or before; to put or apply (one thing to another).

Appose (v. t.) To place in juxtaposition or proximity.

Appose (v. t.) To put questions to; to examine; to try. [Obs.] See Pose.

Apposed (a.) Placed in apposition; mutually fitting, as the mandibles of a bird's beak.

Apposer (n.) An examiner; one whose business is to put questions. Formerly, in the English Court of Exchequer, an officer who audited the sheriffs' accounts.

Apposite (a.) Very applicable; well adapted; suitable or fit; relevant; pat; -- followed by to; as, this argument is very apposite to the case.

Apposition (n.) The act of adding; application; accretion.

Apposition (n.) The putting of things in juxtaposition, or side by side; also, the condition of being so placed.

Apposition (n.) The state of two nouns or pronouns, put in the same case, without a connecting word between them; as, I admire Cicero, the orator. Here, the second noun explains or characterizes the first.

Appositional (a.) Pertaining to apposition; put in apposition syntactically.

Appositive (a.) Of or relating to apposition; in apposition.

Appositive (n.) A noun in apposition.

Appraisable (a.) Capable of being appraised.

Appraisal (n.) A valuation by an authorized person; an appraisement.

Appraised (imp. & p. p.) of Appraise

Appraising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Appraise

Appraise (v. t.) To set a value; to estimate the worth of, particularly by persons appointed for the purpose; as, to appraise goods and chattels.

Appraise (v. t.) To estimate; to conjecture.

Appraise (v. t.) To praise; to commend.

Appraisement (n.) The act of setting the value; valuation by an appraiser; estimation of worth.

Appraiser (n.) One who appraises; esp., a person appointed and sworn to estimate and fix the value of goods or estates.

Apprecation (n.) Earnest prayer; devout wish.

Apprecatory (a.) Praying or wishing good.

Appreciable (a.) Capable of being appreciated or estimated; large enough to be estimated; perceptible; as, an appreciable quantity.

Appreciant (a.) Appreciative.

Appreciated (imp. & p. p.) of Appreciate

Appreciating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Appreciate

Appreciate (v. t.) To set a price or value on; to estimate justly; to value.

Appreciate (v. t.) To raise the value of; to increase the market price of; -- opposed to depreciate.

Appreciate (v. t.) To be sensible of; to distinguish.

Appreciate (v. i.) To rise in value. [See note under Rise, v. i.]

Appreciatingly (adv.) In an appreciating manner; with appreciation.

Appreciation (n.) A just valuation or estimate of merit, worth, weight, etc.; recognition of excellence.

Appreciation (n.) Accurate perception; true estimation; as, an appreciation of the difficulties before us; an appreciation of colors.

Appreciation (n.) A rise in value; -- opposed to depreciation.

Appreciative (a.) Having or showing a just or ready appreciation or perception; as, an appreciative audience.

Appreciativeness (n.) The quality of being appreciative; quick recognition of excellence.

Appreciator (n.) One who appreciates.

Appreciatory (a.) Showing appreciation; appreciative; as, appreciatory commendation.

Apprehended (imp. & p. p.) of Apprehend

Apprehending (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Apprehend

Apprehend (v. t.) To take or seize; to take hold of.

Apprehend (v. t.) Hence: To take or seize (a person) by legal process; to arrest; as, to apprehend a criminal.

Apprehend (v. t.) To take hold of with the understanding, that is, to conceive in the mind; to become cognizant of; to understand; to recognize; to consider.

Apprehend (v. t.) To know or learn with certainty.

Apprehend (v. t.) To anticipate; esp., to anticipate with anxiety, dread, or fear; to fear.

Apprehend (v. i.) To think, believe, or be of opinion; to understand; to suppose.

Apprehend (v. i.) To be apprehensive; to fear.

Apprehender (n.) One who apprehends.

Apprehensibiity (n.) The quality of being apprehensible.

Apprehensible (a.) Capable of being apprehended or conceived.

Apprehension (n.) The act of seizing or taking hold of; seizure; as, the hand is an organ of apprehension.

Apprehension (n.) The act of seizing or taking by legal process; arrest; as, the felon, after his apprehension, escaped.

Apprehension (n.) The act of grasping with the intellect; the contemplation of things, without affirming, denying, or passing any judgment; intellection; perception.

Apprehension (n.) Opinion; conception; sentiment; idea.

Apprehension (n.) The faculty by which ideas are conceived; understanding; as, a man of dull apprehension.

Apprehension (n.) Anticipation, mostly of things unfavorable; distrust or fear at the prospect of future evil.

Apprehensive (a.) Capable of apprehending, or quick to do so; apt; discerning.

Apprehensive (a.) Knowing; conscious; cognizant.

Apprehensive (a.) Relating to the faculty of apprehension.

Apprehensive (a.) Anticipative of something unfavorable' fearful of what may be coming; in dread of possible harm; in expectation of evil.

Apprehensive (a.) Sensible; feeling; perceptive.

Apprehensively (adv.) In an apprehensive manner; with apprehension of danger.

Apprehensiveness (n.) The quality or state of being apprehensive.

Apprentice (n.) One who is bound by indentures or by legal agreement to serve a mechanic, or other person, for a certain time, with a view to learn the art, or trade, in which his master is bound to instruct him.

Apprentice (n.) One not well versed in a subject; a tyro.

Apprentice (n.) A barrister, considered a learner of law till of sixteen years' standing, when he might be called to the rank of serjeant.

Apprenticed (imp. & p. p.) of Apprentice

Apprenticing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Apprentice

Apprentice (v. t.) To bind to, or put under the care of, a master, for the purpose of instruction in a trade or business.

Apprenticeage (n.) Apprenticeship.

Apprenticehood (n.) Apprenticeship.

Apprenticeship (n.) The service or condition of an apprentice; the state in which a person is gaining instruction in a trade or art, under legal agreement.

Apprenticeship (n.) The time an apprentice is serving (sometimes seven years, as from the age of fourteen to twenty-one).

Appressed (a.) Alt. of Apprest

Apprest (a.) Pressed close to, or lying against, something for its whole length, as against a stem,

Apprised (imp. & p. p.) of Apprise

Apprising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Apprise

Apprise (v. t.) To give notice, verbal or written; to inform; -- followed by of; as, we will apprise the general of an intended attack; he apprised the commander of what he had done.

Apprise (n.) Notice; information.

Apprizal (n.) See Appraisal.

Apprize (v. t.) To appraise; to value; to appreciate.

Apprizement (n.) Appraisement.

Apprizer (n.) An appraiser.

Apprizer (n.) A creditor for whom an appraisal is made.

Approached (imp. & p. p.) of Approach

Approaching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Approach

Approach (v. i.) To come or go near, in place or time; to draw nigh; to advance nearer.

Approach (v. i.) To draw near, in a figurative sense; to make advances; to approximate; as, he approaches to the character of the ablest statesman.

Approach (v. t.) To bring near; to cause to draw near; to advance.

Approach (v. t.) To come near to in place, time, or character; to draw nearer to; as, to approach the city; to approach my cabin; he approached the age of manhood.

Approach (v. t.) To take approaches to.

Approach (v. i.) The act of drawing near; a coming or advancing near.

Approach (v. i.) A access, or opportunity of drawing near.

Approach (v. i.) Movements to gain favor; advances.

Approach (v. i.) A way, passage, or avenue by which a place or buildings can be approached; an access.

Approach (v. i.) The advanced works, trenches, or covered roads made by besiegers in their advances toward a fortress or military post.

Approach (v. i.) See Approaching.

Approachability (n.) The quality of being approachable; approachableness.

Approachable (a.) Capable of being approached; accessible; as, approachable virtue.

Approachableness (n.) The quality or state of being approachable; accessibility.

Approacher (n.) One who approaches.

Approaching (n.) The act of ingrafting a sprig or shoot of one tree into another, without cutting it from the parent stock; -- called, also, inarching and grafting by approach.

Approachless (a.) Impossible to be approached.

Approachment (n.) Approach.

Approbate (a.) Approved.

Approbate (v. t.) To express approbation of; to approve; to sanction officially.

Approbation (n.) Proof; attestation.

Approbation (n.) The act of approving; an assenting to the propriety of a thing with some degree of pleasure or satisfaction; approval; sanction; commendation.

Approbation (n.) Probation or novitiate.

Approbative (a.) Approving, or implying approbation.

Approbativeness (n.) The quality of being approbative.

Approbativeness (n.) Love of approbation.

Approbator (n.) One who approves.

Approbatory (a.) Containing or expressing approbation; commendatory.

Appromt (v. t.) To quicken; to prompt.

Approof (n.) Trial; proof.

Approof (n.) Approval; commendation.

Appropinquate (v. i.) To approach.

Appropinquation (n.) A drawing nigh; approach.

Appropinquity (n.) Nearness; propinquity.

Appropre (v. t.) To appropriate.

Appropriable (a.) Capable of being appropriated, set apart, sequestered, or assigned exclusively to a particular use.

Appropriament (n.) What is peculiarly one's own; peculiar qualification.

Appropriate (a.) Set apart for a particular use or person. Hence: Belonging peculiarly; peculiar; suitable; fit; proper.

Appropriated (imp. & p. p.) of Appropriate

Appropriating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Appropriate

Appropriate (v. t.) To take to one's self in exclusion of others; to claim or use as by an exclusive right; as, let no man appropriate the use of a common benefit.

Appropriate (v. t.) To set apart for, or assign to, a particular person or use, in exclusion of all others; -- with to or for; as, a spot of ground is appropriated for a garden; to appropriate money for the increase of the navy.

Appropriate (v. t.) To make suitable; to suit.

Appropriate (v. t.) To annex, as a benefice, to a spiritual corporation, as its property.

Appropriate (n.) A property; attribute.

Appropriately (adv.) In an appropriate or proper manner; fitly; properly.

Appropriateness (n.) The state or quality of being appropriate; peculiar fitness.

Appropriation (n.) The act of setting apart or assigning to a particular use or person, or of taking to one's self, in exclusion of all others; application to a special use or purpose, as of a piece of ground for a park, or of money to carry out some object.

Appropriation (n.) Anything, especially money, thus set apart.

Appropriation (n.) The severing or sequestering of a benefice to the perpetual use of a spiritual corporation. Blackstone.

Appropriation (n.) The application of payment of money by a debtor to his creditor, to one of several debts which are due from the former to the latter.

Appropriative (a.) Appropriating; making, or tending to, appropriation; as, an appropriative act.

Appropriator (n.) One who appropriates.

Appropriator (n.) A spiritual corporation possessed of an appropriated benefice; also, an impropriator.

Approvable (a.) Worthy of being approved; meritorious.

Approval (n.) Approbation; sanction.

Approvance (n.) Approval.

Approved (imp. & p. p.) of Approve

Approving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Approve

Approve (v. t.) To show to be real or true; to prove.

Approve (v. t.) To make proof of; to demonstrate; to prove or show practically.

Approve (v. t.) To sanction officially; to ratify; to confirm; as, to approve the decision of a court-martial.

Approve (v. t.) To regard as good; to commend; to be pleased with; to think well of; as, we approve the measured of the administration.

Approve (v. t.) To make or show to be worthy of approbation or acceptance.

Approve (v. t.) To make profit of; to convert to one's own profit; -- said esp. of waste or common land appropriated by the lord of the manor.

Approvedly (adv.) So as to secure approbation; in an approved manner.

Approvement (n.) Approbation.

Approvement (n.) a confession of guilt by a prisoner charged with treason or felony, together with an accusation of his accomplish and a giving evidence against them in order to obtain his own pardon. The term is no longer in use; it corresponded to what is now known as turning king's (or queen's) evidence in England, and state's evidence in the United States.

Approvement (n.) Improvement of common lands, by inclosing and converting them to the uses of husbandry for the advantage of the lord of the manor.

Approver (n.) One who approves. Formerly, one who made proof or trial.

Approver (n.) An informer; an accuser.

Approver (n.) One who confesses a crime and accuses another. See 1st Approvement, 2.

Approver (v. t.) A bailiff or steward; an agent.

Approving (a.) Expressing approbation; commending; as, an approving smile.

Approximate (a.) Approaching; proximate; nearly resembling.

Approximate (a.) Near correctness; nearly exact; not perfectly accurate; as, approximate results or values.

Approximated (imp. & p. p.) of Approximate

Approximating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Approximate

Approximate (v. t.) To carry or advance near; to cause to approach.

Approximate (v. t.) To come near to; to approach.

Approximate (v. i.) To draw; to approach.

Approximately (adv.) With approximation; so as to approximate; nearly.

Approximation (n.) The act of approximating; a drawing, advancing or being near; approach; also, the result of approximating.

Approximation (n.) An approach to a correct estimate, calculation, or conception, or to a given quantity, quality, etc.

Approximation (n.) A continual approach or coming nearer to a result; as, to solve an equation by approximation.

Approximation (n.) A value that is nearly but not exactly correct.

Approximative (a.) Approaching; approximate.

Approximator (n.) One who, or that which, approximates.

Appui (n.) A support or supporter; a stay; a prop.

Appulse (n.) A driving or running towards; approach; impulse; also, the act of striking against.

Appulse (n.) The near approach of one heavenly body to another, or to the meridian; a coming into conjunction; as, the appulse of the moon to a star, or of a star to the meridian.

Appulsion (n.) A driving or striking against; an appulse.

Appulsive (a.) Striking against; impinging; as, the appulsive influence of the planets.

Appulsively (adv.) By appulsion.

Appurtenance (n.) That which belongs to something else; an adjunct; an appendage; an accessory; something annexed to another thing more worthy; in common parlance and legal acceptation, something belonging to another thing as principal, and which passes as incident to it, as a right of way, or other easement to land; a right of common to pasture, an outhouse, barn, garden, or orchard, to a house or messuage. In a strict legal sense, land can never pass as an appurtenance to land.

Appurtenant (a.) Annexed or pertaining to some more important thing; accessory; incident; as, a right of way appurtenant to land or buildings.

Appurtenant (n.) Something which belongs or appertains to another thing; an appurtenance.

Apricate (v. t. & i.) To bask in the sun.

Aprication (n.) Basking in the sun.

Apricot (n.) A fruit allied to the plum, of an orange color, oval shape, and delicious taste; also, the tree (Prunus Armeniaca of Linnaeus) which bears this fruit. By cultivation it has been introduced throughout the temperate zone.

April (n.) The fourth month of the year.

April (n.) Fig.: With reference to April being the month in which vegetation begins to put forth, the variableness of its weather, etc.

A priori () Characterizing that kind of reasoning which deduces consequences from definitions formed, or principles assumed, or which infers effects from causes previously known; deductive or deductively. The reverse of a posteriori.

A priori () Applied to knowledge and conceptions assumed, or presupposed, as prior to experience, in order to make experience rational or possible.

Apriorism (n.) An a priori principle.

Apriority (n.) The quality of being innate in the mind, or prior to experience; a priori reasoning.

Aprocta (n. pl.) A group of Turbellaria in which there is no anal aperture.

Aproctous (a.) Without an anal office.

Apron (n.) An article of dress, of cloth, leather, or other stuff, worn on the fore part of the body, to keep the clothes clean, to defend them from injury, or as a covering. It is commonly tied at the waist by strings.

Apron (n.) Something which by its shape or use suggests an apron;

Apron (n.) The fat skin covering the belly of a goose or duck.

Apron (n.) A piece of leather, or other material, to be spread before a person riding on an outside seat of a vehicle, to defend him from the rain, snow, or dust; a boot.

Apron (n.) A leaden plate that covers the vent of a cannon.

Apron (n.) A piece of carved timber, just above the foremost end of the keel.

Apron (n.) A platform, or flooring of plank, at the entrance of a dock, against which the dock gates are shut.

Apron (n.) A flooring of plank before a dam to cause the water to make a gradual descent.

Apron (n.) The piece that holds the cutting tool of a planer.

Apron (n.) A strip of lead which leads the drip of a wall into a gutter; a flashing.

Apron (n.) The infolded abdomen of a crab.

Aproned (a.) Wearing an apron.

Apronfuls (pl. ) of Apronful

Apronful (n.) The quantity an apron can hold.

Apronless (a.) Without an apron.

Apron man () A man who wears an apron; a laboring man; a mechanic.

Apron string () The string of an apron.

Aprosos (a. & adv.) Opportunely or opportune; seasonably or seasonable.

Aprosos (a. & adv.) By the way; to the purpose; suitably to the place or subject; -- a word used to introduce an incidental observation, suited to the occasion, though not strictly belonging to the narration.

Apse (n.) A projecting part of a building, esp. of a church, having in the plan a polygonal or semicircular termination, and, most often, projecting from the east end. In early churches the Eastern apse was occupied by seats for the bishop and clergy.

Apse (n.) The bishop's seat or throne, in ancient churches.

Apse (n.) A reliquary, or case in which the relics of saints were kept.

Apsidal (a.) Of or pertaining to the apsides of an orbit.

Apsidal (a.) Of or pertaining to the apse of a church; as, the apsidal termination of the chancel.

Apsides (n. pl.) See Apsis.

Apsides (pl. ) of Apsis

Apsis (n.) One of the two points of an orbit, as of a planet or satellite, which are at the greatest and least distance from the central body, corresponding to the aphelion and perihelion of a planet, or to the apogee and perigee of the moon. The more distant is called the higher apsis; the other, the lower apsis; and the line joining them, the line of apsides.

Apsis (n.) In a curve referred to polar coordinates, any point for which the radius vector is a maximum or minimum.

Apsis (n.) Same as Apse.

Apt (a.) Fit or fitted; suited; suitable; appropriate.

Apt (a.) Having an habitual tendency; habitually liable or likely; -- used of things.

Apt (a.) Inclined; disposed customarily; given; ready; -- used of persons.

Apt (a.) Ready; especially fitted or qualified (to do something); quick to learn; prompt; expert; as, a pupil apt to learn; an apt scholar.

Apt (v. t.) To fit; to suit; to adapt.

Aptable (a.) Capable of being adapted.

Aptate (v. t.) To make fit.

Aptera (n. pl.) Insects without wings, constituting the seventh Linnaen order of insects, an artificial group, which included Crustacea, spiders, centipeds, and even worms. These animals are now placed in several distinct classes and orders.

Apteral (a.) Apterous.

Apteral (a.) Without lateral columns; -- applied to buildings which have no series of columns along their sides, but are either prostyle or amphiprostyle, and opposed to peripteral.

Apteran (n.) One of the Aptera.

Apteria (n. pl.) Naked spaces between the feathered areas of birds. See Pteryliae.

Apterous (a.) Destitute of wings; apteral; as, apterous insects.

Apterous (a.) Destitute of winglike membranous expansions, as a stem or petiole; -- opposed to alate.

Apteryges (n. pl.) An order of birds, including the genus Apteryx.

Apteryx (n.) A genus of New Zealand birds about the size of a hen, with only short rudiments of wings, armed with a claw and without a tail; the kiwi. It is allied to the gigantic extinct moas of the same country. Five species are known.

Aptitude (n.) A natural or acquired disposition or capacity for a particular purpose, or tendency to a particular action or effect; as, oil has an aptitude to burn.

Aptitude (n.) A general fitness or suitableness; adaptation.

Aptitude (n.) Readiness in learning; docility; aptness.

Aptitudinal (a.) Suitable; fit.

Aptly (adv.) In an apt or suitable manner; fitly; properly; pertinently; appropriately; readily.

Aptness (n.) Fitness; suitableness; appropriateness; as, the aptness of things to their end.

Aptness (n.) Disposition of the mind; propensity; as, the aptness of men to follow example.

Aptness (n.) Quickness of apprehension; readiness in learning; docility; as, an aptness to learn is more observable in some children than in others.

Aptness (n.) Proneness; tendency; as, the aptness of iron to rust.

Aptote (n.) A noun which has no distinction of cases; an indeclinable noun.

Aptotic (a.) Pertaining to, or characterized by, aptotes; uninflected; as, aptotic languages.

Aptychus (n.) A shelly plate found in the terminal chambers of ammonite shells. Some authors consider them to be jaws; others, opercula.

Apus (n.) A genus of fresh-water phyllopod crustaceans. See Phyllopod.

Apyretic (a.) Without fever; -- applied to days when there is an intermission of fever.

Apyrexia (n.) Alt. of Apyrexy

Apyrexy (n.) The absence or intermission of fever.

Apyrexial (a.) Relating to apyrexy.

Apyrous (a.) Incombustible; capable of sustaining a strong heat without alteration of form or properties.

Ep- () See Epi-.

Epacris (n.) A genus of shrubs, natives of Australia, New Zealand, etc., having pretty white, red, or purple blossoms, and much resembling heaths.

Epact (n.) The moon's age at the beginning of the calendar year, or the number of days by which the last new moon has preceded the beginning of the year.

Epagoge (n.) The adducing of particular examples so as to lead to a universal conclusion; the argument by induction.

Epagogic (a.) Inductive.

Epalate (a.) Without palpi.

Epanadiplosis (n.) A figure by which the same word is used both at the beginning and at the end of a sentence; as, "Rejoice in the Lord always: and again I say, Rejoice."

Epanalepsis (n.) A figure by which the same word or clause is repeated after intervening matter.

Epanaphora (n.) Same as Anaphora.

Epanastrophe (n.) Same as Anadiplosis.

Epanodos (n.) A figure of speech in which the parts of a sentence or clause are repeated in inverse order

Epanody (n.) The abnormal change of an irregular flower to a regular form; -- considered by evolutionists to be a reversion to an ancestral condition.

Epanorthosis (n.) A figure by which a speaker recalls a word or words, in order to substitute something else stronger or more significant; as, Most brave! Brave, did I say? most heroic act!

Epanthous (a.) Growing upon flowers; -- said of certain species of fungi.

Eparch (n.) In ancient Greece, the governor or perfect of a province; in modern Greece, the ruler of an eparchy.

Eparchy (n.) A province, prefecture, or territory, under the jurisdiction of an eparch or governor; esp., in modern Greece, one of the larger subdivisions of a monarchy or province of the kingdom; in Russia, a diocese or archdiocese.

Eparterial (a.) Situated upon or above an artery; -- applied esp. to the branches of the bronchi given off above the point where the pulmonary artery crosses the bronchus.

Epaule (n.) The shoulder of a bastion, or the place where its face and flank meet and form the angle, called the angle of the shoulder.

Epaulement (n.) A side work, made of gabions, fascines, or bags, filled with earth, or of earth heaped up, to afford cover from the flanking fire of an enemy.

Epaulet (n.) Alt. of Epaulette

Epaulette (n.) A shoulder ornament or badge worn by military and naval officers, differences of rank being marked by some peculiar form or device, as a star, eagle, etc.; a shoulder knot.

Epauleted (a.) Alt. of Epauletted

Epauletted (a.) Wearing epaulets; decorated with epaulets.

Epaxial (a.) Above, or on the dorsal side of, the axis of the skeleton; episkeletal.

Epeira (n.) A genus of spiders, including the common garden spider (E. diadema). They spin geometrical webs. See Garden spider.

Epen (n.) See Epencephalon.

Epencephalic (a.) Pertaining to the epencephalon.

Epencephalic (a.) Situated on or over the brain.

Epencephalon (n.) The segment of the brain next behind the midbrain, including the cerebellum and pons; the hindbrain. Sometimes abbreviated to epen.

Ependyma (n.) The epithelial lining of the ventricles of the brain and the canal of the spinal cord; endyma; ependymis.

Ependymis (n.) See Ependyma.

Epenetic (a.) Bestowing praise; eulogistic; laudatory.

Epentheses (pl. ) of Epenthesis

Epenthesis (n.) The insertion of a letter or a sound in the body of a word; as, the b in "nimble" from AS. n/mol.

Epenthetic (a.) Inserted in the body of a word; as, an epenthetic letter or sound.

Epergne (n.) A centerpiece for table decoration, usually consisting of several dishes or receptacles of different sizes grouped together in an ornamental design.

Eperlan (n.) The European smelt (Osmerus eperlanus).

Epexegesis (n.) A full or additional explanation; exegesis.

Epexegetical (a.) Relating to epexegesis; explanatory; exegetical.

Ephah (n.) Alt. of Epha

Epha (n.) A Hebrew dry measure, supposed to be equal to two pecks and five quarts. ten ephahs make one homer.

Ephemera (n.) A fever of one day's continuance only.

Ephemera (n.) A genus of insects including the day flies, or ephemeral flies. See Ephemeral fly, under Ephemeral.

Ephemeral (a.) Beginning and ending in a day; existing only, or no longer than, a day; diurnal; as, an ephemeral flower.

Ephemeral (a.) Short-lived; existing or continuing for a short time only.

Ephemeral (n.) Anything lasting but a day, or a brief time; an ephemeral plant, insect, etc.

Ephemeran (n.) One of the ephemeral flies.

Ephemeric (a.) Ephemeral.

Ephemerides (pl. ) of Ephemeris

Ephemeris (n.) A diary; a journal.

Ephemeris (n.) A publication giving the computed places of the heavenly bodies for each day of the year, with other numerical data, for the use of the astronomer and navigator; an astronomical almanac; as, the "American Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac."

Ephemeris (n.) Any tabular statement of the assigned places of a heavenly body, as a planet or comet, on several successive days.

Ephemeris (n.) A collective name for reviews, magazines, and all kinds of periodical literature.

Ephemerist (n.) One who studies the daily motions and positions of the planets.

Ephemerist (n.) One who keeps an ephemeris; a journalist.

Ephemera (pl. ) of Ephemeron

Ephemeron (n.) One of the ephemeral flies.

Ephemerous (a.) Ephemeral.

Ephesian (a.) Of or pertaining to Ephesus, an ancient city of Ionia, in Asia Minor.

Ephesian (n.) A native of Ephesus.

Ephesian (n.) A jolly companion; a roisterer.

Ephialtes (n.) The nightmare.

Ephippial (a.) Saddle-shaped; occupying an ephippium.

Ephippium (n.) A depression in the sphenoid bone; the pituitary fossa.

Ephippium (n.) A saddle-shaped cavity to contain the winter eggs, situated on the back of Cladocera.

Ephod (n.) A part of the sacerdotal habit among Jews, being a covering for the back and breast, held together on the shoulders by two clasps or brooches of onyx stones set in gold, and fastened by a girdle of the same stuff as the ephod. The ephod for the priests was of plain linen; that for the high priest was richly embroidered in colors. The breastplate of the high priest was worn upon the ephod in front.

Ephors (pl. ) of Ephor

Ephori (pl. ) of Ephor

Ephor (n.) A magistrate; one of a body of five magistrates chosen by the people of ancient Sparta. They exercised control even over the king.

Ephoral (a.) Pertaining to an ephor.

Ephoralty (n.) The office of an ephor, or the body of ephors.

Ephraim (n.) A hunter's name for the grizzly bear.

Ephyra (n.) A stage in the development of discophorous medusae, when they first begin to swim about after being detached from the strobila. See Strobila.

Epi- () A prefix, meaning upon, beside, among, on the outside, above, over. It becomes ep-before a vowel, as in epoch, and eph-before a Greek aspirate, as in ephemeral.

Epiblast (n.) The outer layer of the blastoderm; the ectoderm. See Blastoderm, Delamination.

Epiblastic (a.) Of or relating to, or consisting of, the epiblast.

Epiblema (n.) The epidermal cells of rootlets, specially adapted to absorb liquids.

Epibolic (a.) Growing or covering over; -- said of a kind of invagination. See under Invagination.

Epiboly (n.) Epibolic invagination. See under Invagination.

Epibranchial (a.) Pertaining to the segment between the ceratobranchial and pharyngobranchial in a branchial arch.

Epibranchial (n.) An epibranchial cartilage or bone.

Epic (a.) Narrated in a grand style; pertaining to or designating a kind of narrative poem, usually called an heroic poem, in which real or fictitious events, usually the achievements of some hero, are narrated in an elevated style.

Epic (n.) An epic or heroic poem. See Epic, a.

Epical (a.) Epic.

Epicardiac (a.) Of or relating to the epicardium.

Epicardium (n.) That of the pericardium which forms the outer surface of the heart; the cardiac pericardium.

Epicarican (n.) An isopod crustacean, parasitic on shrimps.

Epicarp () The external or outermost layer of a fructified or ripened ovary. See Illust. under Endocarp.

Epicede (n.) A funeral song or discourse; an elegy.

Epicedial (a.) Elegiac; funereal.

Epicedian (a.) Epicedial.

Epicedian (n.) An epicede.

Epicedium (n.) An epicede.

Epicene (a. & n.) Common to both sexes; -- a term applied, in grammar, to such nouns as have but one form of gender, either the masculine or feminine, to indicate animals of both sexes; as boy^s, bos, for the ox and cow; sometimes applied to eunuchs and hermaphrodites.

Epicene (a. & n.) Fig.: Sexless; neither one thing nor the other.

Epicentral (a.) Arising from the centrum of a vertebra.

Epicerastic (a.) Lenient; assuaging.

Epichiremata (pl. ) of Epichirema

Epichirema (n.) A syllogism in which the proof of the major or minor premise, or both, is introduced with the premises themselves, and the conclusion is derived in the ordinary manner.

Epichordal (a.) Upon or above the notochord; -- applied esp. to a vertebral column which develops upon the dorsal side of the notochord, as distinguished from a perichordal column, which develops around it.

Epichorial (a.) In or of the country.

Epicleidium (n.) A projection, formed by a separate ossification, at the scapular end of the clavicle of many birds.

Epiclinal (a.) Situated on the receptacle or disk of a flower.

Epicoele (n.) A cavity formed by the invagination of the outer wall of the body, as the atrium of an amphioxus and possibly the body cavity of vertebrates.

Epicoene (a.) Epicene.

Epicolic (a.) Situated upon or over the colon; -- applied to the region of the abdomen adjacent to the colon.

Epicondylar (n.) Pertaining to, or resembling, an epicondyle.

Epicondyle (n.) A projection on the inner side of the distal end of the numerus; the internal condyle.

Epicoracoid (n.) A ventral cartilaginous or bony element of the coracoid in the shoulder girdle of some vertebrates.

Epicranial (a.) Pertaining to the epicranium; as epicranial muscles.

Epicranium (n.) The upper and superficial part of the head, including the scalp, muscles, etc.

Epicranium (n.) The dorsal wall of the head of insects.

Epictetain (a.) Pertaining to Epictetus, the Roman Stoic philosopher, whose conception of life was to be passionless under whatever circumstances.

Epicure (n.) A follower of Epicurus; an Epicurean.

Epicure (n.) One devoted to dainty or luxurious sensual enjoyments, esp. to the luxuries of the table.

Epicurean (a.) Pertaining to Epicurus, or following his philosophy.

Epicurean (a.) Given to luxury; adapted to luxurious tastes; luxurious; pertaining to good eating.

Epicurean (n.) A follower or Epicurus.

Epicurean (n.) One given to epicurean indulgence.

Epicureanism (n.) Attachment to the doctrines of Epicurus; the principles or belief of Epicurus.

Epicurely (adv.) Luxuriously.

Epicureous (a.) Epicurean.

Epicurism (n.) The doctrines of Epicurus.

Epicurism (n.) Epicurean habits of living; luxury.

Epicurize (v. i.) To profess or tend towards the doctrines of Epicurus.

Epicurize (v. i.) To feed or indulge like an epicure.

Epicycle (n.) A circle, whose center moves round in the circumference of a greater circle; or a small circle, whose center, being fixed in the deferent of a planet, is carried along with the deferent, and yet, by its own peculiar motion, carries the body of the planet fastened to it round its proper center.

Epicycle (n.) A circle which rolls on the circumference of another circle, either externally or internally.

Epicyclic (a.) Pertaining to, resembling, or having the motion of, an epicycle.

Epicycloid (n.) A curve traced by a point in the circumference of a circle which rolls on the convex side of a fixed circle.

Epicycloidal (a.) Pertaining to the epicycloid, or having its properties.

Epideictic (a.) Serving to show forth, explain, or exhibit; -- applied by the Greeks to a kind of oratory, which, by full amplification, seeks to persuade.

Epidemic (a.) Alt. of Epidemical

Epidemical (a.) Common to, or affecting at the same time, a large number in a community; -- applied to a disease which, spreading widely, attacks many persons at the same time; as, an epidemic disease; an epidemic catarrh, fever, etc. See Endemic.

Epidemical (a.) Spreading widely, or generally prevailing; affecting great numbers, as an epidemic does; as, epidemic rage; an epidemic evil.

Epidemic (n.) An epidemic disease.

Epidemic (n.) Anything which takes possession of the minds of people as an epidemic does of their bodies; as, an epidemic of terror.

Epidemically (adv.) In an epidemic manner.

Epidemiography (n.) A treatise upon, or history of, epidemic diseases.

Epidemiological (a.) Connected with, or pertaining to, epidemiology.

Epidemiologist (n.) A person skilled in epidemiology.

Epidemiology (n.) That branch of science which treats of epidemics.

Epidemy (n.) An epidemic disease.

Epiderm (n.) The epidermis.

Epidermal (a.) Of or pertaining to the epidermis; epidermic; cuticular.

Epidermatic (a.) Epidermal.

Epidermatoid (a.) Epidermoid.

Epidermeous (a.) Epidermal.

Epidermic (a.) Epidermal; connected with the skin or the bark.

Epidermical (a.) Epidermal.

Epidermidal (a.) Epidermal.

Epidermis (v. t.) The outer, nonsensitive layer of the skin; cuticle; scarfskin. See Dermis.

Epidermis (v. t.) The outermost layer of the cells, which covers both surfaces of leaves, and also the surface of stems, when they are first formed. As stems grow old this layer is lost, and never replaced.

Epidermoid (a.) Like epidermis; pertaining to the epidermis.

Epidermose (n.) Keratin.

Epidictic (a.) Alt. of Epidictical

Epidictical (a.) Serving to explain; demonstrative.

Epididymis (n.) An oblong vermiform mass on the dorsal side of the testicle, composed of numerous convolutions of the excretory duct of that organ.

Epididymitis (n.) Inflammation of the epididymis, one of the common results of gonorrhea.

Epidote (n.) A mineral, commonly of a yellowish green (pistachio) color, occurring granular, massive, columnar, and in monoclinic crystals. It is a silicate of alumina, lime, and oxide of iron, or manganese.

Epidotic (a.) Related to, resembling, or containing epidote; as, an epidotic granite.

Epigaea (n.) An American genus of plants, containing but a single species (E. repens), the trailing arbutus.

Epigaeous (a.) Growing on, or close to, the ground.

Epigastrial (a.) Epigastric.

Epigastric (a.) Pertaining to the epigastrium, or to the epigastric region.

Epigastric (a.) Over the stomach; -- applied to two of the areas of the carapace of crabs.

Epigastrium (n.) The upper part of the abdomen.

Epigeal (a.) Epigaeous.

Epigee (n.) See Perigee.

Epigene (a.) Foreign; unnatural; unusual; -- said of forms of crystals not natural to the substances in which they are found.

Epigene (a.) Formed originating on the surface of the earth; -- opposed to hypogene; as, epigene rocks.

Epigenesis (n.) The theory of generation which holds that the germ is created entirely new, not merely expanded, by the procreative power of the parents. It is opposed to the theory of evolution, also to syngenesis.

Epigenesist (n.) One who believes in, or advocates the theory of, epigenesis.

Epigenetic (a.) Of or pertaining to the epigenesis; produced according to the theory of epigenesis.

Epigeous (a.) Same as Epigaeous.

Epigeum (n.) See Perigee.

Epiglottic (a.) Pertaining to, or connected with, the epiglottis.

Epiglottidean (a.) Same as Epiglottic.

Epiglottis (n.) A cartilaginous lidlike appendage which closes the glottis while food or drink is passing while food or drink is passing through the pharynx.

Epignathous (a.) Hook-billed; having the upper mandible longer than the lower.

Epigram (n.) A short poem treating concisely and pointedly of a single thought or event. The modern epigram is so contrived as to surprise the reader with a witticism or ingenious turn of thought, and is often satirical in character.

Epigram (n.) An effusion of wit; a bright thought tersely and sharply expressed, whether in verse or prose.

Epigram (n.) The style of the epigram.

Epigrammatic () Alt. of Epigrammatical

Epigrammatical () Writing epigrams; dealing in epigrams; as, an epigrammatical poet.

Epigrammatical () Suitable to epigrams; belonging to epigrams; like an epigram; pointed; piquant; as, epigrammatic style, wit, or sallies of fancy.

Epigrammatically (adv.) In the way of epigram; in an epigrammatic style.

Epigrammatist (n.) One who composes epigrams, or makes use of them.

Epigrammatized (imp. & p. p.) of Epigrammatize

Epigrammatizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Epigrammatize

Epigrammatize (v. t.) To represent by epigrams; to express by epigrams.

Epigrammatizer (n.) One who writes in an affectedly pointed style.

Epigrammist (n.) An epigrammatist.

Epigraph (n.) Any inscription set upon a building; especially, one which has to do with the building itself, its founding or dedication.

Epigraph (n.) A citation from some author, or a sentence framed for the purpose, placed at the beginning of a work or of its separate divisions; a motto.

Epigraphic (a.) Alt. of Epigraphical

Epigraphical (a.) Of or pertaining to epigraphs or to epigraphy; as, an epigraphic style; epigraphical works or studies.

Epigraphics (n.) The science or study of epigraphs.

Epigraphist (n.) A student of, or one versed in, epigraphy.

Epigraphy (n.) The science of inscriptions; the art of engraving inscriptions or of deciphering them.

Epigynous (a.) Adnate to the surface of the ovary, so as to be apparently inserted upon the top of it; -- said of stamens, petals, sepals, and also of the disk.

Epihyal (n.) A segment next above the ceratohyal in the hyoidean arch.

Epilepsy (n.) The "falling sickness," so called because the patient falls suddenly to the ground; a disease characterized by paroxysms (or fits) occurring at interval and attended by sudden loss of consciousness, and convulsive motions of the muscles.

Epileptic (a.) Pertaining to, affected with, or of the nature of, epilepsy.

Epileptic (n.) One affected with epilepsy.

Epileptic (n.) A medicine for the cure of epilepsy.

Epileptical (a.) Epileptic.

Epileptiform (a.) Resembling epilepsy.

Epileptogenous (a.) Producing epilepsy or epileptoid convulsions; -- applied to areas of the body or of the nervous system, stimulation of which produces convulsions.

Epileptoid (a.) Resembling epilepsy; as, epileptoid convulsions.

Epilogation (n.) A summing up in a brief account.

Epilogic (a.) Alt. of Epilogical

Epilogical (a.) Of or pertaining to an epilogue.

Epilogism (n.) Enumeration; computation.

Epilogistic (a.) Of or pertaining to epilogue; of the nature of an epilogue.

Epilogize (v. i. & t.) To speak an epilogue to; to utter as an epilogue.

Epilogue (n.) A speech or short poem addressed to the spectators and recited by one of the actors, after the conclusion of the play.

Epilogue (n.) The closing part of a discourse, in which the principal matters are recapitulated; a conclusion.

Epiloguize (v. i. & t.) Same as Epilogize.

Epimachus (n.) A genus of highly ornate and brilliantly colored birds of Australia, allied to the birds of Paradise.

Epimera (n. pl.) See Epimeron.

Epimeral (a.) Pertaining to the epimera.

Epimere (n.) One of the segments of the transverse axis, or the so called homonymous parts; as, for example, one of the several segments of the extremities in vertebrates, or one of the similar segments in plants, such as the segments of a segmented leaf.

Epimera (pl. ) of Epimeron

Epimeron (n.) In crustaceans: The part of the side of a somite external to the basal joint of each appendage.

Epimeron (n.) In insects: The lateral piece behind the episternum.

Epinastic (a.) A term applied to that phase of vegetable growth in which an organ grows more rapidly on its upper than on its under surface. See Hyponastic.

Epineural (a.) Arising from the neurapophysis of a vertebra.

Epineurium (n.) The connective tissue framework and sheath of a nerve which bind together the nerve bundles, each of which has its own special sheath, or perineurium.

Epinglette (n.) An iron needle for piercing the cartridge of a cannon before priming.

Epinicial (a.) Relating to victory.

Epinicion (n.) A song of triumph.

Epinikian (a.) Epinicial.

Epiornis (n.) One of the gigantic ostrichlike birds of the genus Aepiornis, only recently extinct. Its remains have been found in Madagascar.

Epiotic (n.) The upper and outer element of periotic bone, -- in man forming a part of the temporal bone.

Epipedometry (n.) The mensuration of figures standing on the same base.

Epiperipheral (a.) Connected with, or having its origin upon, the external surface of the body; -- especially applied to the feelings which originate at the extremities of nerves distributed on the outer surface, as the sensation produced by touching an object with the finger; -- opposed to entoperipheral.

Epipetalous (a.) Borne on the petals or corolla.

Epiphany (n.) An appearance, or a becoming manifest.

Epiphany (n.) A church festival celebrated on the 6th of January, the twelfth day after Christmas, in commemoration of the visit of the Magi of the East to Bethlehem, to see and worship the child Jesus; or, as others maintain, to commemorate the appearance of the star to the Magi, symbolizing the manifestation of Christ to the Gentles; Twelfthtide.

Epipharyngeal (a.) Pertaining to the segments above the epibranchial in the branchial arches of fishes.

Epipharyngeal (n.) An epipharyngeal bone or cartilage.

Epipharynx (n.) A structure which overlaps the mouth of certain insects.

Epiphonema (n.) An exclamatory sentence, or striking reflection, which sums up or concludes a discourse.

Epiphoneme (n.) Epiphonema.

Epiphora (n.) The watery eye; a disease in which the tears accumulate in the eye, and trickle over the cheek.

Epiphora (n.) The emphatic repetition of a word or phrase, at the end of several sentences or stanzas.

Epiphragm (n.) A membranaceous or calcareous septum with which some mollusks close the aperture of the shell during the time of hibernation, or aestivation.

Epiphylospermous (a.) Bearing fruit on the back of the leaves, as ferns.

Epiphyllous (a.) Growing upon, or inserted into, the leaf.

Epiphyllum (n.) A genus of cactaceous plants having flattened, jointed stems, and petals united in a tube. The flowers are very showy, and several species are in cultivation.

Epiphyseal () Alt. of Epiphysial

Epiphysial () Pertaining to, or having the nature of, an epiphysis.

Epiphyses (pl. ) of Epiphysis

Epiphysis (n.) The end, or other superficial part, of a bone, which ossifies separately from the central portion, or diaphysis.

Epiphysis (n.) The cerebral epiphysis, or pineal gland. See Pineal gland, under Pineal.

Epiphytal (a.) Pertaining to an epiphyte.

Epiphyte (n.) An air plant which grows on other plants, but does not derive its nourishment from them. See Air plant.

Epiphyte (n.) A vegetable parasite growing on the surface of the body.

Epiphytic (a.) Alt. of Epiphytical

Epiphytical (a.) Pertaining to, or having the nature of, an epiphyte.

Epiplastra (pl. ) of Epiplastron

Epiplastron (n.) One of the first pair of lateral plates in the plastron of turtles.

Epipleural (a.) Arising from the pleurapophysis of a vertebra.

Epiplexis (n.) A figure by which a person seeks to convince and move by an elegant kind of upbraiding.

Epiploce (n.) A figure by which one striking circumstance is added, in due gradation, to another; climax; e. g., "He not only spared his enemies, but continued them in employment; not only continued, but advanced them."

Epiploic (a.) Relating to the epiploon.

Epiploa (pl. ) of Epiploon

Epiploon (n.) See Omentum.

Epipodial (a.) Pertaining to the epipodialia or the parts of the limbs to which they belong.

Epipodial (a.) Pertaining to the epipodium of Mollusca.

Epipodialia (pl. ) of Epipodiale

Epipodiale (n.) One of the bones of either the forearm or shank, the epipodialia being the radius, ulna, tibia, and fibula.

Epipodite (n.) The outer branch of the legs in certain Crustacea. See Maxilliped.

Epipodia (pl. ) of Epipodium

Epipodium (n.) One of the lateral lobes of the foot in certain gastropods.

Epipolic (a.) Producing, or relating to, epipolism or fluorescence.

Epipolism (n.) See Fluorescence.

Epipolized (a.) Changed to the epipolic condition, or that in which the phenomenon of fluorescence is presented; produced by fluorescence; as, epipolized light.

Epipteric (a.) Pertaining to a small Wormian bone sometimes present in the human skull between the parietal and the great wing of the sphenoid.

Epipteric (n.) The epipteric bone.

Epipterygoid (a.) Situated upon or above the pterygoid bone.

Epipterygoid (n.) An epipterygoid bone or cartilage; the columella in the skulls of many lizards.

Epipubic (a.) Relating to the epipubis.

Epipubes (pl. ) of Epipubis

Epipubis (n.) A cartilage or bone in front of the pubis in some amphibians and other animals.

Episcopacy (n.) Government of the church by bishops; church government by three distinct orders of ministers -- bishops, priests, and deacons -- of whom the bishops have an authority superior and of a different kind.

Episcopal (a.) Governed by bishops; as, an episcopal church.

Episcopal (a.) Belonging to, or vested in, bishops; as, episcopal jurisdiction or authority; the episcopal system.

Episcopalian (a.) Pertaining to bishops, or government by bishops; episcopal; specifically, of or relating to the Protestant Episcopal Church.

Episcopalian (n.) One who belongs to an episcopal church, or adheres to the episcopal form of church government and discipline; a churchman; specifically, in the United States, a member of the Protestant Episcopal Church.

Episcopalianism (n.) The doctrine and usages of Episcopalians; episcopacy.

Episcopally (adv.) By episcopal authority; in an episcopal manner.

Episcopant (n.) A bishop.

Episcoparian (a.) Episcopal.

Episcopate (n.) A bishopric; the office and dignity of a bishop.

Episcopate (n.) The collective body of bishops.

Episcopate (n.) The time of a bishop's rule.

Episcopated (imp. & p. p.) of Episcopate

Episcopating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Episcopate

Episcopate (v. i.) To act as a bishop; to fill the office of a prelate.

Episcopicide (n.) The killing of a bishop.

Episcopize (v. t.) To make a bishop of by consecration.

Episcopize (v. i.) To perform the duties of a bishop.

Episcopy (n.) Survey; superintendence.

Episcopy (n.) Episcopacy.

Episepalous (a.) Growing on the sepals or adnate to them.

Episkeletal (a.) Above or outside of the endoskeleton; epaxial.

Episodal (a.) Same as Episodic.

Episode (n.) A separate incident, story, or action, introduced for the purpose of giving a greater variety to the events related; an incidental narrative, or digression, separable from the main subject, but naturally arising from it.

Episodial (a.) Pertaining to an episode; by way of episode; episodic.

Episodic (a.) Alt. of Episodical

Episodical (a.) Of or pertaining to an episode; adventitious.

Epispadias (n.) A deformity in which the urethra opens upon the top of the penis, instead of at its extremity.

Epispastic (a.) Attracting the humors to the skin; exciting action in the skin; blistering.

Epispastic (n.) An external application to the skin, which produces a puriform or serous discharge by exciting inflammation; a vesicatory.

Episperm (n.) The skin or coat of a seed, especially the outer coat. See Testa.

Epispermic (a.) Pertaining, or belonging, to the episperm, or covering of a seed.

Epispore (n.) The thickish outer coat of certain spores.

Epistaxis (n.) Bleeding at the nose.

Epistemology (n.) The theory or science of the method or grounds of knowledge.

Episternal (a.) Of or pertaining to the episternum.

Episterna (pl. ) of Episternum

Episternum (n.) A median bone connected with the sternum, in many vertebrates; the interclavicle.

Episternum (n.) Same as Epiplastron.

Episternum (n.) One of the lateral pieces next to the sternum in the thorax of insects.

Epistilbite (n.) A crystallized, transparent mineral of the Zeolite family. It is a hydrous silicate of alumina and lime.

Epistle (n.) A writing directed or sent to a person or persons; a written communication; a letter; -- applied usually to formal, didactic, or elegant letters.

Epistle (n.) One of the letters in the New Testament which were addressed to their Christian brethren by Apostles.

Epistle (v. t.) To write; to communicate in a letter or by writing.

Epistler (n.) A writer of epistles, or of an epistle of the New Testament.

Epistler (n.) The ecclesiastic who reads the epistle at the communion service.

Epistolar (a.) Epistolary.

Epistolary (a.) Pertaining to epistles or letters; suitable to letters and correspondence; as, an epistolary style.

Epistolary (a.) Contained in letters; carried on by letters.

Epistolean (n.) One who writes epistles; a correspondent.

Epistoler (n.) One of the clergy who reads the epistle at the communion service; an epistler.

Epistolet (n.) A little epistle.

Epistolic (a.) Alt. of Epistolical

Epistolical (a.) Pertaining to letters or epistles; in the form or style of letters; epistolary.

Epistolize (v. i.) To write epistles.

Epistolizer (n.) A writer of epistles.

Epistolographic (a.) Pertaining to the writing of letters; used in writing letters; epistolary.

Epistolography (n.) The art or practice of writing epistles.

Epistoma (n.) Alt. of Epistome

Epistome (n.) The region between the antennae and the mouth, in Crustacea.

Epistome (n.) A liplike organ that covers the mouth, in most Bryozoa. See Illust., under Entoprocta.

Epistrophe (n.) A figure in which successive clauses end with the same word or affirmation; e. g., "Are they Hebrews? so am I. Are they Israelites? so am I."

Epistyle (n.) A massive piece of stone or wood laid immediately on the abacus of the capital of a column or pillar; -- now called architrave.

Episyllogism (n.) A syllogism which assumes as one of its premises a proposition which was the conclusion of a preceding syllogism, called, in relation to this, the prosyllogism.

Epitaph (n.) An inscription on, or at, a tomb, or a grave, in memory or commendation of the one buried there; a sepulchral inscription.

Epitaph (n.) A brief writing formed as if to be inscribed on a monument, as that concerning Alexander: "Sufficit huic tumulus, cui non sufficeret orbis."

Epitaph (v. t.) To commemorate by an epitaph.

Epitaph (v. i.) To write or speak after the manner of an epitaph.

Epitapher (n.) A writer of epitaphs.

Epitaphial (a.) Alt. of Epitaphian

Epitaphian (a.) Relating to, or of the nature of, an epitaph.

Epitaphic (a.) Pertaining to an epitaph; epitaphian.

Epitaphic (n.) An epitaph.

Epitaphist (n.) An epitapher.

Epitasis (n.) That part which embraces the main action of a play, poem, and the like, and leads on to the catastrophe; -- opposed to protasis.

Epitasis (n.) The period of violence in a fever or disease; paroxysm.

Epithalamic (a.) Belonging to, or designed for, an epithalamium.

Epithalamiums (pl. ) of Epithalamium

Epithalamia (pl. ) of Epithalamium

Epithalamium (n.) A nuptial song, or poem in honor of the bride and bridegroom.

Epithalamies (pl. ) of Epithalamy

Epithalamy (n.) Epithalamium.

Epitheca (n.) A continuous and, usually, structureless layer which covers more or less of the exterior of many corals.

Epithelial (a.) Of or pertaining to epithelium; as, epithelial cells; epithelial cancer.

Epithelioid (a.) Like epithelium; as, epithelioid cells.

Epithelioma (n.) A malignant growth containing epithelial cells; -- called also epithelial cancer.

Epitheliums (pl. ) of Epithelium

Epithelia (pl. ) of Epithelium

Epithelium (n.) The superficial layer of cells lining the alimentary canal and all its appendages, all glands and their ducts, blood vessels and lymphatics, serous cavities, etc. It often includes the epidermis (i. e., keratin-producing epithelial cells), and it is sometimes restricted to the alimentary canal, the glands and their appendages, -- the term endothelium being applied to the lining membrane of the blood vessels, lymphatics, and serous cavities.

Epitheloid (a.) Epithelioid.

Epithem (n.) Any external topical application to the body, except ointments and plasters, as a poultice, lotion, etc.

Epithema (n.) A horny excrescence upon the beak of birds.

Epithesis (n.) The addition of a letter at the end of a word, without changing its sense; as, numb for num, whilst for whiles.

Epithet (n.) An adjective expressing some quality, attribute, or relation, that is properly or specially appropriate to a person or thing; as, a just man; a verdant lawn.

Epithet (n.) Term; expression; phrase.

Epithet (v. t.) To describe by an epithet.

Epithetic (a.) Alt. of Epithetical

Epithetical (a.) Pertaining to, or abounding with, epithets.

Epithite (n.) A lazy, worthless fellow; a vagrant.

Epithumetic (a.) Epithumetical.

Epithumetical (a.) Pertaining to sexual desire; sensual.

Epitithides (n.) The uppermost member of the cornice of an entablature.

Epitomator (n.) An epitomist.

Epitomes (pl. ) of Epitome

Epitome (n.) A work in which the contents of a former work are reduced within a smaller space by curtailment and condensation; a brief summary; an abridgement.

Epitome (n.) A compact or condensed representation of anything.

Epitomist (n.) One who makes an epitome; one who abridges; an epitomizer.

Epitomized (imp. & p. p.) of Epitomize

Epitomizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Epitomize

Epitomize (v. t.) To make an epitome of; to shorten or abridge, as a writing or discourse; to reduce within a smaller space; as, to epitomize the works of Justin.

Epitomize (v. t.) To diminish, as by cutting off something; to curtail; as, to epitomize words.

Epitomizer (n.) An epitomist.

Epitrite (n.) A foot consisting of three long syllables and one short syllable.

Epitrochlea (n.) A projection on the outer side of the distal end of the humerus; the external condyle.

Epitrochlear (a.) Relating to the epitrochlea.

Epitrochoid (n.) A kind of curve. See Epicycloid, any Trochoid.

Epitrope (n.) A figure by which permission is either seriously or ironically granted to some one, to do what he proposes to do; e. g., "He that is unjust, let him be unjust still."

Epizeuxis (n.) A figure by which a word is repeated with vehemence or emphasis, as in the following lines: -

Epozoan (n.) An epizoon.

Epozoic (a.) Living upon the exterior of another animal; ectozoic; -- said of external parasites.

Epizoa (pl. ) of Epizoon

Epizoon (n.) One of the artificial group of invertebrates of various kinds, which live parasitically upon the exterior of other animals; an ectozoon. Among them are the lice, ticks, many acari, the lerneans, or fish lice, and other crustaceans.

Epizootic (a.) Of or pertaining to an epizoon.

Epizootic (a.) Containing fossil remains; -- said of rocks, formations, mountains, and the like.

Epizootic (a.) Of the nature of a disease which attacks many animals at the same time; -- corresponding to epidemic diseases among men.

Epizooty (n.) Alt. of Epizootic

Epizootic (n.) An epizootic disease; a murrain; an epidemic influenza among horses.

Epoch (n.) A fixed point of time, established in history by the occurrence of some grand or remarkable event; a point of time marked by an event of great subsequent influence; as, the epoch of the creation; the birth of Christ was the epoch which gave rise to the Christian era.

Epoch (n.) A period of time, longer or shorter, remarkable for events of great subsequent influence; a memorable period; as, the epoch of maritime discovery, or of the Reformation.

Epoch (n.) A division of time characterized by the prevalence of similar conditions of the earth; commonly a minor division or part of a period.

Epoch (n.) The date at which a planet or comet has a longitude or position.

Epoch (n.) An arbitrary fixed date, for which the elements used in computing the place of a planet, or other heavenly body, at any other date, are given; as, the epoch of Mars; lunar elements for the epoch March 1st, 1860.

Epocha (n.) See Epoch.

Epochal (a.) Belonging to an epoch; of the nature of an epoch.

Epode (n.) The after song; the part of a lyric ode which follows the strophe and antistrophe, -- the ancient ode being divided into strophe, antistrophe, and epode.

Epode (n.) A species of lyric poem, invented by Archilochus, in which a longer verse is followed by a shorter one; as, the Epodes of Horace. It does not include the elegiac distich.

Epodic (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, an epode.

Eponym (n.) Alt. of Eponyme

Eponyme (n.) The hypothetical individual who is assumed as the person from whom any race, city, etc., took its name; as, Hellen is an eponym of the Hellenes.

Eponyme (n.) A name, as of a people, country, and the like, derived from that of an individual.

Eponymic (a.) Same as Eponymous.

Eponymist (n.) One from whom a race, tribe, city, or the like, took its name; an eponym.

Eponymous (a.) Relating to an eponym; giving one's name to a tribe, people, country, and the like.

Eponymy (n.) The derivation of the name of a race, tribe, etc., from that of a fabulous hero, progenitor, etc.

Epoophoron (n.) See Parovarium.

Epopee (n.) Alt. of Epopoeia

Epopoeia (n.) An epic poem; epic poetry.

Epopt (n.) One instructed in the mysteries of a secret system.

Epos (n.) An epic.

Epotation (n.) A drinking up; a quaffing.

Eprouvette (n.) An apparatus for testing or proving the strength of gunpowder.

Epsomite (n.) Native sulphate of magnesia or Epsom salt.

Epsom salts () Alt. of salt

salt () Sulphate of magnesia having cathartic qualities; -- originally prepared by boiling down the mineral waters at Epsom, England, -- whence the name; afterwards prepared from sea water; but now from certain minerals, as from siliceous hydrate of magnesia.

Epulary (a.) Of or pertaining to a feast or banquet.

Epulation (n.) A feasting or feast; banquet.

Epulis (n.) A hard tumor developed from the gums.

Epulose (a.) Feasting to excess.

Epulosity (n.) A feasting to excess.

Epulotic (a.) Promoting the skinning over or healing of sores; as, an epulotic ointment.

Epulotic (n.) An epulotic agent.

Epuration (n.) Purification.

Epure (n.) A draught or model from which to build; especially, one of the full size of the work to be done; a detailed drawing.

Ipecac (n.) An abbreviation of Ipecacuanha, and in more frequent use.

Ipecacuanha (n.) The root of a Brazilian rubiaceous herb (Cephaelis Ipecacuanha), largely employed as an emetic; also, the plant itself; also, a medicinal extract of the root. Many other plants are used as a substitutes; among them are the black or Peruvian ipecac (Psychotria emetica), the white ipecac (Ionidium Ipecacuanha), the bastard or wild ipecac (Asclepias Curassavica), and the undulated ipecac (Richardsonia scabra).

Ipocras (n.) Hippocras.

Ipomoea (n.) A genus of twining plants with showy monopetalous flowers, including the morning-glory, the sweet potato, and the cypress vine.

Ipomoeic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid obtained by the oxidation of convolvulin (obtained from jalap, the tubers of Ipomoea purga), and identical in most of its properties with sebacic acid.

Opacate (v. t.) To darken; to cloud.

Opacity (n.) The state of being opaque; the quality of a body which renders it impervious to the rays of light; want of transparency; opaqueness.

Opacity (n.) Obscurity; want of clearness.

Opacous (a.) Opaque.

Opacular (a.) Opaque.

Opah (n.) A large oceanic fish (Lampris quttatus), inhabiting the Atlantic Ocean. It is remarkable for its brilliant colors, which are red, green, and blue, with tints of purple and gold, covered with round silvery spots. Called also king of the herrings.

Opake (a.) See Opaque.

Opal (n.) A mineral consisting, like quartz, of silica, but inferior to quartz in hardness and specific gravity.

Opalesced (imp. & p. p.) of Opalesce

Opalescing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Opalesce

Opalesce (v. i.) To give forth a play of colors, like the opal.

Opalescence (n.) A reflection of a milky or pearly light from the interior of a mineral, as in the moonstone; the state or quality of being opalescent.

Opalescent (a.) Reflecting a milky or pearly light from the interior; having an opaline play of colors.

Opaline (a.) Of, pertaining to, or like, opal in appearance; having changeable colors like those of the opal.

Opalized (imp. & p. p.) of Opalize

Opalizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Opalize

Opalize (v. t.) To convert into opal, or a substance like opal.

Opalotype (n.) A picture taken on "milky" glass.

Opaque (a.) Impervious to the rays of light; not transparent; as, an opaque substance.

Opaque (a.) Obscure; not clear; unintelligible.

Opaque (n.) That which is opaque; opacity.

Opaqueness (n.) The state or quality of being impervious to light; opacity.

Ope (a.) Open.

Ope (v. t. & i.) To open.

Opeidoscope (n.) An instrument, consisting of a tube having one end open and the other end covered with a thin flexible membrance to the center of which is attached a small mirror. It is used for exhibiting upon a screen, by means of rays reflected from the mirror, the vibratory motions caused by sounds produced at the open end of the tube, as by speaking or singing into it.

Opelet (n.) A bright-colored European actinian (Anemonia, / Anthea, sulcata); -- so called because it does not retract its tentacles.

Open (a.) Free of access; not shut up; not closed; affording unobstructed ingress or egress; not impeding or preventing passage; not locked up or covered over; -- applied to passageways; as, an open door, window, road, etc.; also, to inclosed structures or objects; as, open houses, boxes, baskets, bottles, etc.; also, to means of communication or approach by water or land; as, an open harbor or roadstead.

Open (a.) Free to be used, enjoyed, visited, or the like; not private; public; unrestricted in use; as, an open library, museum, court, or other assembly; liable to the approach, trespass, or attack of any one; unprotected; exposed.

Open (a.) Free or cleared of obstruction to progress or to view; accessible; as, an open tract; the open sea.

Open (a.) Not drawn together, closed, or contracted; extended; expanded; as, an open hand; open arms; an open flower; an open prospect.

Open (a.) Without reserve or false pretense; sincere; characterized by sincerity; unfeigned; frank; also, generous; liberal; bounteous; -- applied to personal appearance, or character, and to the expression of thought and feeling, etc.

Open (a.) Not concealed or secret; not hidden or disguised; exposed to view or to knowledge; revealed; apparent; as, open schemes or plans; open shame or guilt.

Open (a.) Not of a quality to prevent communication, as by closing water ways, blocking roads, etc.; hence, not frosty or inclement; mild; -- used of the weather or the climate; as, an open season; an open winter.

Open (a.) Not settled or adjusted; not decided or determined; not closed or withdrawn from consideration; as, an open account; an open question; to keep an offer or opportunity open.

Open (a.) Free; disengaged; unappropriated; as, to keep a day open for any purpose; to be open for an engagement.

Open (a.) Uttered with a relatively wide opening of the articulating organs; -- said of vowels; as, the an far is open as compared with the a in say.

Open (a.) Uttered, as a consonant, with the oral passage simply narrowed without closure, as in uttering s.

Open (a.) Not closed or stopped with the finger; -- said of the string of an instrument, as of a violin, when it is allowed to vibrate throughout its whole length.

Open (a.) Produced by an open string; as, an open tone.

Open (n.) Open or unobstructed space; clear land, without trees or obstructions; open ocean; open water.

Opened (imp. & p. p.) of Open

Opening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Open

Open (v. t.) To make or set open; to render free of access; to unclose; to unbar; to unlock; to remove any fastening or covering from; as, to open a door; to open a box; to open a room; to open a letter.

Open (v. t.) To spread; to expand; as, to open the hand.

Open (v. t.) To disclose; to reveal; to interpret; to explain.

Open (v. t.) To make known; to discover; also, to render available or accessible for settlements, trade, etc.

Open (v. t.) To enter upon; to begin; as, to open a discussion; to open fire upon an enemy; to open trade, or correspondence; to open a case in court, or a meeting.

Open (v. t.) To loosen or make less compact; as, to open matted cotton by separating the fibers.

Open (v. i.) To unclose; to form a hole, breach, or gap; to be unclosed; to be parted.

Open (v. i.) To expand; to spread out; to be disclosed; as, the harbor opened to our view.

Open (v. i.) To begin; to commence; as, the stock opened at par; the battery opened upon the enemy.

Open (v. i.) To bark on scent or view of the game.

Open-air (a.) Taking place in the open air; outdoor; as, an open-air game or meeting.

Openbill (n.) A bird of the genus Anastomus, allied to the stork; -- so called because the two parts of the bill touch only at the base and tip. One species inhabits India, another Africa. Called also open-beak. See Illust. (m), under Beak.

Opener (n.) One who, or that which, opens.

Open-eyed (a.) With eyes widely open; watchful; vigilant.

Open-handed (a.) Generous; liberal; munificent.

Open-headed (a.) Bareheaded.

Open-hearted (a.) Candid; frank; generous.

Opening (n.) The act or process of opening; a beginning; commencement; first appearance; as, the opening of a speech.

Opening (n.) A place which is open; a breach; an aperture; a gap; cleft, or hole.

Opening (n.) Hence: A vacant place; an opportunity; as, an opening for business.

Opening (n.) A thinly wooded space, without undergrowth, in the midst of a forest; as, oak openings.

Openly (adv.) In an open manner; publicly; not in private; without secrecy.

Openly (adv.) Without reserve or disguise; plainly; evidently.

Open-mouthed (a.) Having the mouth open; gaping; hence, greedy; clamorous.

Openness (n.) The quality or state of being open.

Openwork (n.) Anything so constructed or manufactured (in needlework, carpentry, metal work, etc.) as to show openings through its substance; work that is perforated or pierced.

Openwork (n.) A quarry; an open cut.

Opera (n.) A drama, either tragic or comic, of which music forms an essential part; a drama wholly or mostly sung, consisting of recitative, arials, choruses, duets, trios, etc., with orchestral accompaniment, preludes, and interludes, together with appropriate costumes, scenery, and action; a lyric drama.

Opera (n.) The score of a musical drama, either written or in print; a play set to music.

Opera (n.) The house where operas are exhibited.

Operable (a.) Practicable.

Operameter (n.) An instrument or machine for measuring work done, especially for ascertaining the number of rotations made by a machine or wheel in manufacturing cloth; a counter.

Operance (n.) Alt. of Operancy

Operancy (n.) The act of operating or working; operation.

Operand (n.) The symbol, quantity, or thing upon which a mathematical operation is performed; -- called also faciend.

Operant (a.) Operative.

Operant (n.) An operative person or thing.

Operated (imp. & p. p.) of Operate

Operating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Operate

Operate (v. i.) To perform a work or labor; to exert power or strengh, physical or mechanical; to act.

Operate (v. i.) To produce an appropriate physical effect; to issue in the result designed by nature; especially (Med.), to take appropriate effect on the human system.

Operate (v. i.) To act or produce effect on the mind; to exert moral power or influence.

Operate (v. i.) To perform some manual act upon a human body in a methodical manner, and usually with instruments, with a view to restore soundness or health, as in amputation, lithotomy, etc.

Operate (v. i.) To deal in stocks or any commodity with a view to speculative profits.

Operate (v. t.) To produce, as an effect; to cause.

Operate (v. t.) To put into, or to continue in, operation or activity; to work; as, to operate a machine.

Operatic (a.) Alt. of Operatical

Operatical (a.) Of or pertaining to the opera or to operas; characteristic of, or resembling, the opera.

Operation (n.) The act or process of operating; agency; the exertion of power, physical, mechanical, or moral.

Operation (n.) The method of working; mode of action.

Operation (n.) That which is operated or accomplished; an effect brought about in accordance with a definite plan; as, military or naval operations.

Operation (n.) Effect produced; influence.

Operation (n.) Something to be done; some transformation to be made upon quantities, the transformation being indicated either by rules or symbols.

Operation (n.) Any methodical action of the hand, or of the hand with instruments, on the human body, to produce a curative or remedial effect, as in amputation, etc.

Operative (a.) Having the power of acting; hence, exerting force, physical or moral; active in the production of effects; as, an operative motive.

Operative (a.) Producing the appropriate or designed effect; efficacious; as, an operative dose, rule, or penalty.

Operative (a.) Based upon, or consisting of, an operation or operations; as, operative surgery.

Operative (n.) A skilled worker; an artisan; esp., one who operates a machine in a mill or manufactory.

Operatively (adv.) In an operative manner.

Operator (n.) One who, or that which, operates or produces an effect.

Operator (n.) One who performs some act upon the human body by means of the hand, or with instruments.

Operator (n.) A dealer in stocks or any commodity for speculative purposes; a speculator.

Operator (n.) The symbol that expresses the operation to be performed; -- called also facient.

Operatory (n.) A laboratory.

Opercle (n.) Any one of the bony plates which support the gill covers of fishes; an opercular bone.

Opercle (n.) An operculum.

Opercula (n. pl.) See Operculum.

Oparcular (a.) Of, pertaining to, or like, an operculum.

Opercular (n.) The principal opercular bone or operculum of fishes.

Operculate (a.) Alt. of Operculated

Operculated (a.) Closed by a lid or cover, as the capsules of the mosses.

Operculated (a.) Having an operculum, or an apparatus for protecting the gills; -- said of shells and of fishes.

Operculiferous (a.) Bearing an operculum.

Operculiform (a.) Having the form of a lid or cover.

Operculigenous (a.) Producing an operculum; -- said of the foot, or part of the foot, of certain mollusks.

Opercula (pl. ) of Operculum

Operculums (pl. ) of Operculum

Operculum (n.) The lid of a pitcherform leaf.

Operculum (n.) The lid of the urnlike capsule of mosses.

Operculum (n.) Any lidlike or operculiform process or part; as, the opercula of a dental follicle.

Operculum (n.) The fold of integument, usually supported by bony plates, which protects the gills of most fishes and some amphibians; the gill cover; the gill lid.

Operculum (n.) The principal opercular bone in the upper and posterior part of the gill cover.

Operculum (n.) The lid closing the aperture of various species of shells, as the common whelk. See Illust. of Gastropoda.

Operculum (n.) Any lid-shaped structure closing the aperture of a tube or shell.

Operetta (n.) A short, light, musical drama.

Operose (a.) Wrought with labor; requiring labor; hence, tedious; wearisome.

Operosity (n.) Laboriousness.

Operous (a.) Operose.

Opertaneous (a.) Concealed; private.

Opetide (n.) Open time; -- applied to different things

Opetide (n.) The early spring, or the time when flowers begin opening.

Opetide (n.) The time between Epiphany and Ash Wednesday wherein marriages were formerly solemnized publicly in churches. [Eng.]

Opetide (n.) The time after harvest when the common fields are open to all kinds of stock.

Ophelic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a substance (called ophelic acid) extracted from a plant (Ophelia) of the Gentian family as a bitter yellowish sirup, used in India as a febrifuge and tonic.

Ophicleide (n.) A large brass wind instrument, formerly used in the orchestra and in military bands, having a loud tone, deep pitch, and a compass of three octaves; -- now generally supplanted by bass and contrabass tubas.

Ophidia (n. pl.) The order of reptiles which includes the serpents.

Ophidian (n.) One of the Ophidia; a snake or serpent.

Ophidian (a.) Of or pertaining to the Ophidia; belonging to serpents.

Ophidioid (a.) Of or pertaining to the Ophidiidae, a family of fishes which includes many slender species.

Ophidioid (n.) One of the Ophidiidae.

Ophidia (pl. ) of Ophidion

Ophidion (n.) The typical genus of ophidioid fishes. [Written also Ophidium.] See Illust. under Ophidioid.

Ophidious (a.) Ophidian.

Ophiolatry (n.) The worship of serpents.

Ophiologic (a.) Alt. of Ophiological

Ophiological (a.) Of or pertaining to ophiology.

Ophiologist (n.) One versed in the natural history of serpents.

Ophiology (n.) That part of natural history which treats of the ophidians, or serpents.

Ophiomancy (n.) Divination by serpents, as by their manner of eating, or by their coils.

Ophiomorpha (n. pl.) An order of tailless amphibians having a slender, wormlike body with regular annulations, and usually with minute scales imbedded in the skin. The limbs are rudimentary or wanting. It includes the caecilians. Called also Gymnophiona and Ophidobatrachia.

Ophiomorphite (n.) An ammonite.

Ophiomorphous (a.) Having the form of a serpent.

Ophiophagous (a.) Feeding on serpents; -- said of certain birds and reptiles.

Ophiophagus (n.) A genus of venomous East Indian snakes, which feed on other snakes. Ophiophagus elaps is said to be the largest and most deadly of poisonous snakes.

Ophite (a.) Of or pertaining to a serpent.

Ophite (n.) A greenish spotted porphyry, being a diabase whose pyroxene has been altered to uralite; -- first found in the Pyreness. So called from the colored spots which give it a mottled appearance.

Ophite (a.) A mamber of a Gnostic serpent-worshiping sect of the second century.

Ophiuchus (n.) A constellation in the Northern Hemisphere, delineated as a man holding a serpent in his hands; -- called also Serpentarius.

Ophiura (n.) A genus of ophiurioid starfishes.

Ophiuran (a.) Of or pertaining to the Ophiurioidea.

Ophiuran (n.) One of the Ophiurioidea.

Ophiurid (n.) Same as Ophiurioid.

Ophiurida (n. pl.) Same as Ophiurioidea.

Ophiurioid (a.) Of or pertaining to the Ophiurioidea.

Ophiurioid (n.) One of the Ophiurioidea.

Ophiurioidea (n. pl.) Alt. of Ophiuroidea

Ophiuroidea (n. pl.) A class of star-shaped echinoderms having a disklike body, with slender, articulated arms, which are not grooved beneath and are often very fragile; -- called also Ophiuroida and Ophiuridea. See Illust. under Brittle star.

Ophryon (n.) The supraorbital point.

Ophthalmia (n.) An inflammation of the membranes or coats of the eye or of the eyeball.

Ophthalmic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the eye; ocular; as the ophthalmic, or orbitonasal, nerve, a division of the trigeminal, which gives branches to the lachrymal gland, eyelids, nose, and forehead.

Ophthalmite (n.) An eyestalk; the organ which bears the compound eyes of decapod Crustacea.

Ophthalmological (a.) Of or pertaining to ophthalmology.

Ophthalmologist (n.) One skilled in ophthalmology; an oculist.

Ophthalmology (n.) The science which treats of the structure, functions, and diseases of the eye.

Ophthalmometer (n.) An instrument devised by Helmholtz for measuring the size of a reflected image on the convex surface of the cornea and lens of the eye, by which their curvature can be ascertained.

Ophthalmoscope (n.) An instrument for viewing the interior of the eye, particularly the retina. Light is thrown into the eye by a mirror (usually concave) and the interior is then examined with or without the aid of a lens.

Ophthalmoscopy (n.) A branch of physiognomy which deduces the knowledge of a person's temper and character from the appearance of the eyes.

Ophthalmoscopy (n.) Examination of the eye with the ophthalmoscope.

Ophthalmy (n.) Same as Ophthalmia.

Opianic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an organic acid obtained by the oxidation of narcotine.

Opianine (n.) An alkaloid found in small quantity in opium. It is identical with narcotine.

Opianyl (n.) Same as Meconin.

Opiate (n.) Originally, a medicine of a thicker consistence than sirup, prepared with opium.

Opiate (n.) Any medicine that contains opium, and has the quality of inducing sleep or repose; a narcotic.

Opiate (n.) Anything which induces rest or inaction; that which quiets uneasiness.

Opiate (a.) Inducing sleep; somniferous; narcotic; hence, anodyne; causing rest, dullness, or inaction; as, the opiate rod of Hermes.

Opiate (v. t.) To subject to the influence of an opiate; to put to sleep.

Opiated (a.) Mixed with opiates.

Opiated (a.) Under the influence of opiates.

Opie (n.) Opium.

Opiferous (a.) Bringing help.

Opifice (n.) Workmanship.

Opificer (n.) An artificer; a workman.

Opinable (a.) Capable of being opined or thought.

Opination (n.) The act of thinking; a supposition.

Opinative (a.) Obstinate in holding opinions; opinionated.

Opinator (n.) One fond of his own opinious; one who holds an opinion.

Opined (imp. & p. p.) of Opine

Opining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Opine

Opine (v. t. & i.) To have an opinion; to judge; to think; to suppose.

Opiner (n.) One who opines.

Opiniaster (a.) Alt. of Opiniatre

Opiniatre (a.) Opinionated.

Opiniastrous (a.) See Opiniaster. [Obs.].

Opinlate (v. t.) To hold or maintain persistently.

Opiniated (a.) Opinionated.

Opiniative (a.) Opinionative.

Opiniator (n.) Alt. of Opiniatre

Opiniatre (n.) One who is opinionated.

Opiniatre (a.) See Opiniaster.

Opiniatrety (n.) Obstinacy in opinious.

Opinicus (n.) An imaginary animal borne as a charge, having wings, an eagle's head, and a short tail; -- sometimes represented without wings.

Opining (n.) Opinion.

Opinion (n.) That which is opined; a notion or conviction founded on probable evidence; belief stronger than impression, less strong than positive knowledge; settled judgment in regard to any point of knowledge or action.

Opinion (n.) The judgment or sentiment which the mind forms of persons or things; estimation.

Opinion (n.) Favorable estimation; hence, consideration; reputation; fame; public sentiment or esteem.

Opinion (n.) Obstinacy in holding to one's belief or impression; opiniativeness; conceitedness.

Opinion (n.) The formal decision, or expression of views, of a judge, an umpire, a counselor, or other party officially called upon to consider and decide upon a matter or point submitted.

Opinion (v. t.) To opine.

Opinionable (a.) Being, or capable of being, a matter of opinion; that can be thought; not positively settled; as, an opinionable doctrine.

Opinionate (a.) Opinionated.

Opinionated (a.) Stiff in opinion; firmly or unduly adhering to one's own opinion or to preconceived notions; obstinate in opinion.

Opinionately (adv.) Conceitedly.

Opinionatist (n.) An opinionist.

Opinionative (a.) Unduly attached to one's own opinions; opinionated.

Opinionative (a.) Of the nature of an opinion; conjectured.

Opinionator (n.) An opinionated person; one given to conjecture.

Opinioned (a.) Opinionated; conceited.

Opinionist (n.) One fond of his own notions, or unduly attached to his own opinions.

Opiparous (a.) Sumptuous.

Opisometer (n.) An instrument with a revolving wheel for measuring a curved line, as on a map.

Opisthion (n.) The middle of the posterior, or dorsal, margin of the great foramen of the skull.

Opisthobranchia (n. pl.) Alt. of Opisthobranchiata

Opisthobranchiata (n. pl.) A division of gastropod Mollusca, in which the breathing organs are usually situated behind the heart. It includes the tectibranchs and nudibranchs.

Opisthobranchiate (a.) Of or pertaining to the Opisthobranchiata.

Opisthobranchiate (n.) One of the Opisthobranchiata.

Opisthocoelian (a.) Alt. of Opisthocoelous

Opisthocoelous (a.) Concave behind; -- applied especially to vertebrae in which the anterior end of the centrum is convex and the posterior concave.

Opisthodome (n.) A back chamber; especially, that part of the naos, or cella, farthest from the main entrance, sometimes having an entrance of its own, and often used as a treasury.

Opisthoglypha (n. pl.) A division of serpents which have some of the posterior maxillary teeth grooved for fangs.

Opisthography (n.) A writing upon the back of anything, as upon the back of a leaf or sheet already written upon on one side.

Opisthomi (n. pl.) An order of eellike fishes having the scapular arch attached to the vertebrae, but not connected with the skull.

Opisthopulmonate (a.) Having the pulmonary sac situated posteriorly; -- said of certain air-breathing Mollusca.

Opisthotic (n.) The inferior and posterior of the three elements forming the periotic bone.

Opisthotonos (n.) A tetanic spasm in which the body is bent backwards and stiffened.

Opitulation (n.) The act of helping or aiding; help.

Opium (n.) The inspissated juice of the Papaver somniferum, or white poppy.

Ople tree () The witch-hazel.

Opobalsam (n.) Alt. of Opobalsamum

Opobalsamum (n.) The old name of the aromatic resinous juice of the Balsamodendron opobalsamum, now commonly called balm of Gilead. See under Balm.

Opodeldoc (n.) A kind of plaster, said to have been invented by Mindererus, -- used for external injuries.

Opodeldoc (n.) A saponaceous, camphorated liniment; a solution of soap in alcohol, with the addition of camphor and essential oils; soap liniment.

Opopanax (n.) The inspissated juice of an umbelliferous plant (the Opoponax Chironum), brought from Turkey and the East Indies in loose granules, or sometimes in larger masses, of a reddish yellow color, with specks of white. It has a strong smell and acrid taste, and was formerly used in medicine as an emmenagogue and antispasmodic.

Opossum (n.) Any American marsupial of the genera Didelphys and Chironectes. The common species of the United States is Didelphys Virginiana.

Oppidan (a.) Of or pertaining to a town.

Oppidan (n.) An inhabitant of a town.

Oppidan (n.) A student of Eton College, England, who is not a King's scholar, and who boards in a private family.

Oppignerate (v. i.) To pledge; to pawn.

Oppilated (imp. & p. p.) of Oppilate

Oppilating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Oppilate

Oppilate (v. t.) To crowd together; to fill with obstructions; to block up.

Oppilation (n.) The act of filling or crowding together; a stopping by redundant matter; obstruction, particularly in the lower intestines.

Oppilative (a.) Obstructive.

Opplete (a.) Alt. of Oppleted

Oppleted (a.) Filled; crowded.

Oppletion (n.) The act of filling up, or the state of being filled up; fullness.

Oppone (v. t.) To oppose.

Opponency (n.) The act of opening an academical disputation; the proposition of objections to a tenet, as an exercise for a degree.

Opponent (a.) Situated in front; opposite; hence, opposing; adverse; antagonistic.

Opponent (n.) One who opposes; an adversary; an antagonist; a foe.

Opponent (n.) One who opposes in a disputation, argument, or other verbal controversy; specifically, one who attacks some theirs or proposition, in distinction from the respondent, or defendant, who maintains it.

Opportune (a.) Convenient; ready; hence, seasonable; timely.

Opportune (v. t.) To suit.

Opportunism (n.) The art or practice of taking advantage of opportunities or circumstances, or of seeking immediate advantage with little regard for ultimate consequences.

Opportunist (n.) One who advocates or practices opportunism.

Opportunities (pl. ) of Opportunity

Opportunity (n.) Fit or convenient time; a time or place favorable for executing a purpose; a suitable combination of conditions; suitable occasion; chance.

Opportunity (n.) Convenience of situation; fitness.

Opportunity (n.) Importunity; earnestness.

Opposability (n.) The condition or quality of being opposable.

Opposable (a.) Capable of being opposed or resisted.

Opposable (a.) Capable of being placed opposite something else; as, the thumb is opposable to the forefinger.

Opposal (n.) Opposition.

Opposed (imp. & p. p.) of Oppose

Opposing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Oppose

Oppose (n.) To place in front of, or over against; to set opposite; to exhibit.

Oppose (n.) To put in opposition, with a view to counterbalance or countervail; to set against; to offer antagonistically.

Oppose (n.) To resist or antagonize by physical means, or by arguments, etc.; to contend against; to confront; to resist; to withstand; as, to oppose the king in battle; to oppose a bill in Congress.

Oppose (n.) To compete with; to strive against; as, to oppose a rival for a prize.

Oppose (v. i.) To be set opposite.

Oppose (v. i.) To act adversely or in opposition; -- with against or to; as, a servant opposed against the act.

Oppose (v. i.) To make objection or opposition in controversy.

Opposeless (a.) Not to be effectually opposed; irresistible.

Opposer (n.) One who opposes; an opponent; an antagonist; an adversary.

Opposite (a.) Placed over against; standing or situated over against or in front; facing; -- often with to; as, a house opposite to the Exchange.

Opposite (a.) Applied to the other of two things which are entirely different; other; as, the opposite sex; the opposite extreme.

Opposite (a.) Extremely different; inconsistent; contrary; repugnant; antagonistic.

Opposite (a.) Set over against each other, but separated by the whole diameter of the stem, as two leaves at the same node.

Opposite (a.) Placed directly in front of another part or organ, as a stamen which stands before a petal.

Opposite (n.) One who opposes; an opponent; an antagonist.

Opposite (n.) That which is opposed or contrary; as, sweetness and its opposite.

Oppositely (adv.) In a situation to face each other; in an opposite manner or direction; adversely.

Oppositeness (n.) The quality or state of being opposite.

Oppositifolious (a.) Placed at the same node with a leaf, but separated from it by the whole diameter of the stem; as, an oppositifolious peduncle.

Opposition (n.) The act of opposing; an attempt to check, restrain, or defeat; resistance.

Opposition (n.) The state of being placed over against; situation so as to front something else.

Opposition (n.) Repugnance; contrariety of sentiment, interest, or purpose; antipathy.

Opposition (n.) That which opposes; an obstacle; specifically, the aggregate of persons or things opposing; hence, in politics and parliamentary practice, the party opposed to the party in power.

Opposition (n.) The situation of a heavenly body with respect to another when in the part of the heavens directly opposite to it; especially, the position of a planet or satellite when its longitude differs from that of the sun 180!; -- signified by the symbol /; as, / / /, opposition of Jupiter to the sun.

Opposition (n.) The relation between two propositions when, having the same subject and predicate, they differ in quantity, or in quality, or in both; or between two propositions which have the same matter but a different form.

Oppositionist (n.) One who belongs to the opposition party.

Oppositipetalous (a.) Placed in front of a petal.

Oppositisepalous (a.) Placed in front of a sepal.

Oppositive (a.) Capable of being put in opposition.

Oppressed (imp. & p. p.) of Oppress

Oppressing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Oppress

Oppress (v. t.) To impose excessive burdens upon; to overload; hence, to treat with unjust rigor or with cruelty.

Oppress (v. t.) To ravish; to violate.

Oppress (v. t.) To put down; to crush out; to suppress.

Oppress (v. t.) To produce a sensation of weight in (some part of the body); as, my lungs are oppressed by the damp air; excess of food oppresses the stomach.

Oppression (n.) The act of oppressing, or state of being oppressed.

Oppression (n.) That which oppresses; a hardship or injustice; cruelty; severity; tyranny.

Oppression (n.) A sense of heaviness or obstruction in the body or mind; depression; dullness; lassitude; as, an oppression of spirits; an oppression of the lungs.

Oppression (n.) Ravishment; rape.

Oppressive (a.) Unreasonably burdensome; unjustly severe, rigorous, or harsh; as, oppressive taxes; oppressive exactions of service; an oppressive game law.

Oppressive (a.) Using oppression; tyrannical; as, oppressive authority or commands.

Oppressive (a.) Heavy; overpowering; hard to be borne; as, oppressive grief or woe.

Oppressor (n.) One who oppresses; one who imposes unjust burdens on others; one who harasses others with unjust laws or unreasonable severity.

Oppressure (n.) Oppression.

Opprobrious (a.) Expressive of opprobrium; attaching disgrace; reproachful; scurrilous; as, opprobrious language.

Opprobrious (a.) Infamous; despised; rendered hateful; as, an opprobrious name.

Opprobrium (n.) Disgrace; infamy; reproach mingled with contempt; abusive language.

Opprobry (n.) Opprobrium.

Oppugned (imp. & p. p.) of Oppugn

Oppugning (p pr. & vb. n.) of Oppugn

Oppugn (v. t.) To fight against; to attack; to be in conflict with; to oppose; to resist.

Oppugnancy (n.) The act of oppugning; opposition; resistance.

Oppugnant (a.) Tending to awaken hostility; hostile; opposing; warring.

Oppugnant (n.) An opponent.

Oppugnation (n.) Opposition.

Oppugner (n.) One who opposes or attacks; that which opposes.

Opsimathy (n.) Education late in life.

Opsiometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the limits of distincts vision in different individuals, and thus determiming the proper focal length of a lens for correcting imperfect sight.

Opsonation (n.) A catering; a buying of provisions.

Optable (a.) That may be chosen; desirable.

Optate (v. i.) To choose; to wish for; to desire.

Optation (n.) The act of optating; a wish.

Optative (a.) Expressing desire or wish.

Optative (n.) Something to be desired.

Optative (n.) The optative mood; also, a verb in the optative mood.

Optatively (adv.) In an optative manner; with the expression of desire.

Optic (a.) The organ of sight; an eye.

Optic (a.) An eyeglass.

Optic (a.) Alt. of Optical

Optical (a.) Of or pertaining to vision or sight.

Optical (a.) Of or pertaining to the eye; ocular; as, the optic nerves (the first pair of cranial nerves) which are distributed to the retina. See Illust. of Brain, and Eye.

Optical (a.) Relating to the science of optics; as, optical works.

Optically (adv.) By optics or sight; with reference to optics.

Optician (a.) One skilled in optics.

Optician (a.) One who deals in optical glasses and instruments.

Optics (n.) That branch of physical science which treats of the nature and properties of light, the laws of its modification by opaque and transparent bodies, and the phenomena of vision.

Optigraph (a.) A telescope with a diagonal eyepiece, suspended vertically in gimbals by the object end beneath a fixed diagonal plane mirror. It is used for delineating landscapes, by means of a pencil at the eye end which leaves the delineation on paper.

Optimacy (n.) Government by the nobility.

Optimacy (n.) Collectively, the nobility.

Optimate (a.) Of or pertaining to the nobility or aristocracy.

Optimate (n.) A nobleman or aristocrat; a chief man in a state or city.

Optimates (n. pl.) The nobility or aristocracy of ancient Rome, as opposed to the populares.

Optime (n.) One of those who stand in the second rank of honors, immediately after the wranglers, in the University of Cambridge, England. They are divided into senior and junior optimes.

Optimism (n.) The opinion or doctrine that everything in nature, being the work of God, is ordered for the best, or that the ordering of things in the universe is such as to produce the highest good.

Optimism (n.) A disposition to take the most hopeful view; -- opposed to pessimism.

Optimist (n.) One who holds the opinion that all events are ordered for the best.

Optimist (n.) One who looks on the bright side of things, or takes hopeful views; -- opposed to pessimist.

Optimistic (a.) Of or pertaining to optimism; tending, or conforming, to the opinion that all events are ordered for the best.

Optimistic (a.) Hopeful; sanguine; as, an optimistic view.

Optimity (n.) The state of being best.

Option (n.) The power of choosing; the right of choice or election; an alternative.

Option (n.) The exercise of the power of choice; choice.

Option (n.) A wishing; a wish.

Option (n.) A right formerly belonging to an archbishop to select any one dignity or benefice in the gift of a suffragan bishop consecrated or confirmed by him, for bestowal by himself when next vacant; -- annulled by Parliament in 1845.

Option (n.) A stipulated privilege, given to a party in a time contract, of demanding its fulfillment on any day within a specified limit.

Optional (a.) Involving an option; depending on the exercise of an option; left to one's discretion or choice; not compulsory; as, optional studies; it is optional with you to go or stay.

Optional (n.) See Elective, n.

Optionally (adv.) In an optional manner.

Optocoele (n.) Alt. of Optocoelia

Optocoelia (n.) The cavity of one of the optic lobes of the brain in many animals.

Optogram (n.) An image of external objects fixed on the retina by the photochemical action of light on the visual purple. See Optography.

Optography (n.) The production of an optogram on the retina by the photochemical action of light on the visual purple; the fixation of an image in the eye. The object so photographed shows white on a purple or red background. See Visual purple, under Visual.

Optometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the distance of distinct vision, mainly for the selection of eveglasses.

Opulence (n.) Wealth; riches; affluence.

Opulency (n.) See Opulence.

Opulent (a.) Having a large estate or property; wealthy; rich; affluent; as, an opulent city; an opulent citizen.

Opuntia (n.) A genus of cactaceous plants; the prickly pear, or Indian fig.

Opera (pl. ) of Opus

Opus (n.) A work; specif. (Mus.), a musical composition.

Opuscle (n.) Alt. of Opuscule

Opuscule (n.) A small or petty work.

Opuscula (pl. ) of Opusculum

Opusculum (n.) An opuscule.

Opye (n.) Opium.

Oquassa (n.) A small, handsome trout (Salvelinus oquassa), found in some of the lakes in Maine; -- called also blueback trout.

Spa (n.) A spring or mineral water; -- so called from a place of this name in Belgium.

Spaad (n.) A kind of spar; earth flax, or amianthus.

Space (n.) Extension, considered independently of anything which it may contain; that which makes extended objects conceivable and possible.

Space (n.) Place, having more or less extension; room.

Space (n.) A quantity or portion of extension; distance from one thing to another; an interval between any two or more objects; as, the space between two stars or two hills; the sound was heard for the space of a mile.

Space (n.) Quantity of time; an interval between two points of time; duration; time.

Space (n.) A short time; a while.

Space (n.) Walk; track; path; course.

Space (n.) A small piece of metal cast lower than a face type, so as not to receive the ink in printing, -- used to separate words or letters.

Space (n.) The distance or interval between words or letters in the lines, or between lines, as in books.

Space (n.) One of the intervals, or open places, between the lines of the staff.

Space (n.) To walk; to rove; to roam.

Spaced (imp. & p. p.) of Space

Spacong (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Space

Space (n.) To arrange or adjust the spaces in or between; as, to space words, lines, or letters.

Spaceful (a.) Wide; extensive.

Spaceless (a.) Without space.

Spacial (a.) See Spatial.

Spacially (adv.) See Spatially.

Spacious (n.) Extending far and wide; vast in extent.

Spacious (n.) Inclosing an extended space; having large or ample room; not contracted or narrow; capacious; roomy; as, spacious bounds; a spacious church; a spacious hall.

Spadassin (n.) A bravo; a bully; a duelist.

Spaddle (n.) A little spade.

Spade (n.) A hart or stag three years old.

Spade (n.) A castrated man or beast.

Spade (n.) An implement for digging or cutting the ground, consisting usually of an oblong and nearly rectangular blade of iron, with a handle like that of a shovel.

Spade (n.) One of that suit of cards each of which bears one or more figures resembling a spade.

Spade (n.) A cutting instrument used in flensing a whale.

Spaded (imp. & p. p.) of Spade

Spading (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spade

Spade (v. t.) To dig with a spade; to pare off the sward of, as land, with a spade.

Spadebone (n.) Shoulder blade.

Spadefish (n.) An American market fish (Chaetodipterus faber) common on the southern coasts; -- called also angel fish, moonfish, and porgy.

Spadefoot (n.) Any species of burrowing toads of the genus Scaphiopus, esp. S. Holbrookii, of the Eastern United States; -- called also spade toad.

Spadefuls (pl. ) of Spadeful

Spadeful (n.) As much as a spade will hold or lift.

Spader (n.) One who, or that which, spades; specifically, a digging machine.

Spadiceous (a.) Of a bright clear brown or chestnut color.

Spadiceous (a.) Bearing flowers on a spadix; of the nature of a spadix.

Spadicose (a.) Spadiceous.

Spadille (n.) The ace of spades in omber and quadrille.

Spadices (pl. ) of Spadix

Spadixes (pl. ) of Spadix

Spadix (n.) A fleshy spike of flowers, usually inclosed in a leaf called a spathe.

Spadix (n.) A special organ of the nautilus, due to a modification of the posterior tentacles.

Spadones (pl. ) of Spado

Spado (n.) Same as Spade, 2.

Spado (n.) An impotent person.

Spadroon (n.) A sword, especially a broadsword, formerly used both to cut and thrust.

Spaed (imp. & p. p.) of Spae

Spaeing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spae

Spae (v. i.) To foretell; to divine.

Spaeman (n.) A prophet; a diviner.

Spaewife (n.) A female fortune teller.

Spaghetti (n.) A variety or macaroni made in tubes of small diameter.

Spagyric (a.) Alt. of Spagyrical

Spagyrical (a.) Chemical; alchemical.

Spagyric (n.) A spagyrist.

Spagyrist (n.) A chemist, esp. one devoted to alchemistic pursuits.

Spagyrist (n.) One of a sect which arose in the days of alchemy, who sought to discover remedies for disease by chemical means. The spagyrists historically preceded the iatrochemists.

Spahi (n.) Alt. of Spahee

Spahee (n.) Formerly, one of the Turkish cavalry.

Spahee (n.) An Algerian cavalryman in the French army.

Spaid (n.) See 1st Spade.

Spake () imp. of Speak.

Spakenet (n.) A net for catching crabs.

Spaky (a.) Specky.

Spalding knife () A spalting knife.

Spale (n.) A lath; a shaving or chip, as of wood or stone.

Spale (n.) A strengthening cross timber.

Spall (n.) The shoulder.

Spall (n.) A chip or fragment, especially a chip of stone as struck off the block by the hammer, having at least one feather-edge.

Spall (v. t.) To break into small pieces, as ore, for the purpose of separating from rock.

Spall (v. t.) To reduce, as irregular blocks of stone, to an approximately level surface by hammering.

Spall (v. i.) To give off spalls, or wedge-shaped chips; -- said of stone, as when badly set, with the weight thrown too much on the outer surface.

Spalpeen (n.) A scamp; an Irish term for a good-for-nothing fellow; -- often used in good-humored contempt or ridicule.

Spalt (n.) Spelter.

Spalt (a.) Liable to break or split; brittle; as, spalt timber.

Spalt (a.) Heedless; clumsy; pert; saucy.

Spalt (a.) To split off; to cleave off, as chips from a piece of timber, with an ax.

Spalting knife () A knife used in splitting codfish.

Span () imp. & p. p. of Spin.

Span (v. t.) The space from the thumb to the end of the little finger when extended; nine inches; eighth of a fathom.

Span (v. t.) Hence, a small space or a brief portion of time.

Span (v. t.) The spread or extent of an arch between its abutments, or of a beam, girder, truss, roof, bridge, or the like, between its supports.

Span (v. t.) A rope having its ends made fast so that a purchase can be hooked to the bight; also, a rope made fast in the center so that both ends can be used.

Span (v. t.) A pair of horses or other animals driven together; usually, such a pair of horses when similar in color, form, and action.

Spanned (imp. & p. p.) of Span

Spanning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Span

Span (v. t.) To measure by the span of the hand with the fingers extended, or with the fingers encompassing the object; as, to span a space or distance; to span a cylinder.

Span (v. t.) To reach from one side of to the order; to stretch over as an arch.

Span (v. t.) To fetter, as a horse; to hobble.

Span (v. i.) To be matched, as horses.

Spanaemia (n.) A condition of impoverishment of the blood; a morbid state in which the red corpuscles, or other important elements of the blood, are deficient.

Spanaemic (a.) Of or pertaining to spanaemia; having impoverished blood.

Spancel (n.) A rope used for tying or hobbling the legs of a horse or cow.

Spanceled (imp. & p. p.) of Spancel

Spancelled () of Spancel

Spanceling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spancel

Spancelling () of Spancel

Spancel (v. t.) To tie or hobble with a spancel.

Spandogs (n. pl.) A pair of grappling dogs for hoisting logs and timber.

Spandrel (n.) The irregular triangular space between the curve of an arch and the inclosing right angle; or the space between the outer moldings of two contiguous arches and a horizontal line above them, or another arch above and inclosing them.

Spandrel (n.) A narrow mat or passe partout for a picture.

Spane (v. t.) To wean.

Spang (v. t.) To spangle.

Spang (v. i.) To spring; to bound; to leap.

Spang (n.) A bound or spring.

Spang (n.) A spangle or shining ornament.

Spangle (n.) A small plate or boss of shining metal; something brilliant used as an ornament, especially when stitched on the dress.

Spangle (n.) Figuratively, any little thing that sparkless.

Spangled (imp. & p. p.) of Spangle

Spangling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spangle

Spangle (v. t.) To set or sprinkle with, or as with, spangles; to adorn with small, distinct, brilliant bodies; as, a spangled breastplate.

Spangle (v. i.) To show brilliant spots or points; to glisten; to glitter.

Spangler (n.) One who, or that which, spangles.

Spangly (a.) Resembling, or consisting of, spangles; glittering; as, spangly light.

Spaniard (n.) A native or inhabitant of Spain.

Spaniel (n.) One of a breed of small dogs having long and thick hair and large drooping ears. The legs are usually strongly feathered, and the tail bushy. See Illust. under Clumber, and Cocker.

Spaniel (n.) A cringing, fawning person.

Spaniel (a.) Cringing; fawning.

Spaniel (v. i.) To fawn; to cringe; to be obsequious.

Spaniel (v. t.) To follow like a spaniel.

Spanish (a.) Of or pertaining to Spain or the Spaniards.

Spanish (n.) The language of Spain.

Spanked (imp. & p. p.) of Spank

Spanking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spank

Spank (v. t.) To strike, as the breech, with the open hand; to slap.

Spank (n.) A blow with the open hand; a slap.

Spank (v. i.) To move with a quick, lively step between a trot and gallop; to move quickly.

Spanker (n.) One who spanks, or anything used as an instrument for spanking.

Spanker (n.) The after sail of a ship or bark, being a fore-and-aft sail attached to a boom and gaff; -- sometimes called driver. See Illust. under Sail.

Spanker (n.) One who takes long, quick strides in walking; also, a fast horse.

Spanker (n.) Something very large, or larger than common; a whopper, as a stout or tall person.

Spanker (n.) A small coin.

Spanking (a.) Moving with a quick, lively pace, or capable of so doing; dashing.

Spanking (a.) Large; considerable.

Spanking breeze () a strong breeze.

Spanless (a.) Incapable of being spanned.

Spanner (n.) One who, or that which, spans.

Spanner (n.) The lock of a fusee or carbine; also, the fusee or carbine itself.

Spanner (n.) An iron instrument having a jaw to fit a nut or the head of a bolt, and used as a lever to turn it with; a wrench; specifically, a wrench for unscrewing or tightening the couplings of hose.

Spanner (n.) A contrivance in some of the ealier steam engines for moving the valves for the alternate admission and shutting off of the steam.

Span-new (a.) Quite new; brand-new; fire-new.

Spannishing (n.) The full blooming of a flower.

Spanpiece (n.) The collar of a roof; sparpiece.

Spanworm (n.) The larva of any geometrid moth, as the cankeworm; a geometer; a measuring worm.

Spar (n.) An old name for a nonmetallic mineral, usually cleavable and somewhat lustrous; as, calc spar, or calcite, fluor spar, etc. It was especially used in the case of the gangue minerals of a metalliferous vein.

Spar (v. t.) A general term any round piece of timber used as a mast, yard, boom, or gaff.

Spar (v. t.) Formerly, a piece of timber, in a general sense; -- still applied locally to rafters.

Spar (v. t.) The bar of a gate or door.

Spar (v. t.) To bolt; to bar.

Spar (v. t.) To To supply or equip with spars, as a vessel.

Sparred (imp. & p. p.) of Spar

Sparring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spar

Spar (v. i.) To strike with the feet or spurs, as cocks do.

Spar (v. i.) To use the fists and arms scientifically in attack or defense; to contend or combat with the fists, as for exercise or amusement; to box.

Spar (v. i.) To contest in words; to wrangle.

Spar (n.) A contest at sparring or boxing.

Spar (n.) A movement of offense or defense in boxing.

Sparable (n.) A kind of small nail used by shoemakers.

Sparada (n.) A small California surf fish (Micrometrus aggregatus); -- called also shiner.

Sparadrap (n.) A cerecloth.

Sparadrap (n.) Any adhesive plaster.

Sparage (n.) Alt. of Sparagrass

Sparagus (n.) Alt. of Sparagrass

Sparagrass (n.) Obs. or corrupt forms of Asparagus.

Sparble (v. t.) To scatter; to disperse; to rout.

Spared (imp. & p. p.) of Spare

Sparing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spare

Spare (a.) To use frugally or stintingly, as that which is scarce or valuable; to retain or keep unused; to save.

Spare (a.) To keep to one's self; to forbear to impart or give.

Spare (a.) To preserve from danger or punishment; to forbear to punish, injure, or harm; to show mercy to.

Spare (a.) To save or gain, as by frugality; to reserve, as from some occupation, use, or duty.

Spare (a.) To deprive one's self of, as by being frugal; to do without; to dispense with; to give up; to part with.

Spare (v. i.) To be frugal; not to be profuse; to live frugally; to be parsimonious.

Spare (v. i.) To refrain from inflicting harm; to use mercy or forbearance.

Spare (v. i.) To desist; to stop; to refrain.

Spare (v. t.) Scanty; not abundant or plentiful; as, a spare diet.

Spare (v. t.) Sparing; frugal; parsimonious; chary.

Spare (v. t.) Being over and above what is necessary, or what must be used or reserved; not wanted, or not used; superfluous; as, I have no spare time.

Spare (v. t.) Held in reserve, to be used in an emergency; as, a spare anchor; a spare bed or room.

Spare (v. t.) Lean; wanting flesh; meager; thin; gaunt.

Spare (v. t.) Slow.

Spare (n.) The act of sparing; moderation; restraint.

Spare (n.) Parsimony; frugal use.

Spare (n.) An opening in a petticoat or gown; a placket.

Spare (n.) That which has not been used or expended.

Spare (n.) The right of bowling again at a full set of pins, after having knocked all the pins down in less than three bowls. If all the pins are knocked down in one bowl it is a double spare; in two bowls, a single spare.

Spareful (a.) Sparing; chary.

Sparely (adv.) In a spare manner; sparingly.

Spareless (a.) Unsparing.

Spareness (n.) The quality or state of being lean or thin; leanness.

Sparer (n.) One who spares.

Sparerib (n.) A piece of pork, consisting or ribs with little flesh on them.

Sparge (v. t.) To sprinkle; to moisten by sprinkling; as, to sparge paper.

Spargefaction (n.) The act of sprinkling.

Sparger (n.) A vessel with a perforated cover, for sprinkling with a liquid; a sprinkler.

Sparhawk (n.) The sparrow hawk.

Spar-hung (a.) Hung with spar, as a cave.

Sparing (a.) Spare; saving; frugal; merciful.

Spark (n.) A small particle of fire or ignited substance which is emitted by a body in combustion.

Spark (n.) A small, shining body, or transient light; a sparkle.

Spark (n.) That which, like a spark, may be kindled into a flame, or into action; a feeble germ; an elementary principle.

Spark (n.) A brisk, showy, gay man.

Spark (n.) A lover; a gallant; a beau.

Spark (v. i.) To sparkle.

Spark (v. i.) To play the spark, beau, or lover.

Sparker (n.) A spark arrester.

Sparkful (a.) Lively; brisk; gay.

Sparkish (a.) Like a spark; airy; gay.

Sparkish (a.) Showy; well-dresed; fine.

Sparkle (n.) A little spark; a scintillation.

Sparkle (n.) Brilliancy; luster; as, the sparkle of a diamond.

Sparkled (imp. & p. p.) of Sparkle

Sparkling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sparkle

Sparkle (n.) To emit sparks; to throw off ignited or incandescent particles; to shine as if throwing off sparks; to emit flashes of light; to scintillate; to twinkle; as, the blazing wood sparkles; the stars sparkle.

Sparkle (n.) To manifest itself by, or as if by, emitting sparks; to glisten; to flash.

Sparkle (n.) To emit little bubbles, as certain kinds of liquors; to effervesce; as, sparkling wine.

Sparkle (v. t.) To emit in the form or likeness of sparks.

Sparkle (v. t.) To disperse.

Sparkle (v. t.) To scatter on or over.

Sparkler (n.) One who scatters; esp., one who scatters money; an improvident person.

Sparkler (n.) One who, or that which, sparkles.

Sparkler (n.) A tiger beetle.

Sparklet (n.) A small spark.

Sparkliness (n.) Vivacity.

Sparkling (a.) Emitting sparks; glittering; flashing; brilliant; lively; as, sparkling wine; sparkling eyes.

Sparling (n.) The European smelt (Osmerus eperlanus).

Sparling (n.) A young salmon.

Sparling (n.) A tern.

Sparlyre (n.) The calf of the leg.

Sparoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the Sparidae, a family of spinous-finned fishes which includes the scup, sheepshead, and sea bream.

Sparoid (n.) One of the Sparidae.

Sparpiece (n.) The collar beam of a roof; the spanpiece.

Sparpoil (v. t.) To scatter; to spread; to disperse.

Sparrow (n.) One of many species of small singing birds of the family Fringilligae, having conical bills, and feeding chiefly on seeds. Many sparrows are called also finches, and buntings. The common sparrow, or house sparrow, of Europe (Passer domesticus) is noted for its familiarity, its voracity, its attachment to its young, and its fecundity. See House sparrow, under House.

Sparrow (n.) Any one of several small singing birds somewhat resembling the true sparrows in form or habits, as the European hedge sparrow. See under Hedge.

Sparrowgrass (n.) Asparagus.

Sparrowwort (n.) An evergreen shrub of the genus Erica (E. passerina).

Sparry (a.) Resembling spar, or consisting of spar; abounding with spar; having a confused crystalline structure; spathose.

Sparse (superl.) Thinly scattered; set or planted here and there; not being dense or close together; as, a sparse population.

Sparse (superl.) Placed irregularly and distantly; scattered; -- applied to branches, leaves, peduncles, and the like.

Sparse (v. t.) To scatter; to disperse.

Sparsedly (adv.) Sparsely.

Sparsely (adv.) In a scattered or sparse manner.

Sparseness (n.) The quality or state of being sparse; as, sparseness of population.

Sparsim (adv.) Sparsely; scatteredly; here and there.

Spartan (a.) Of or pertaining to Sparta, especially to ancient Sparta; hence, hardy; undaunted; as, Spartan souls; Spartan bravey.

Spartan (n.) A native or inhabitant of Sparta; figuratively, a person of great courage and fortitude.

Sparteine (n.) A narcotic alkaloid extracted from the tops of the common broom (Cytisus scoparius, formerly Spartium scoparium), as a colorless oily liquid of aniline-like odor and very bitter taste.

parterie (n.) Articles made of the blades or fiber of the Lygeum Spartum and Stipa (/ Macrochloa) tenacissima, kinds of grass used in Spain and other countries for making ropes, mats, baskets, nets, and mattresses.

Sparth (n.) An Anglo-Saxon battle-ax, or halberd.

Sparve (n.) The hedge sparrow.

Spary (a.) Sparing; parsimonious.

Spasm (v. t.) An involuntary and unnatural contraction of one or more muscles or muscular fibers.

Spasm (v. t.) A sudden, violent, and temporary effort or emotion; as, a spasm of repentance.

Spasmatical (a.) Spasmodic.

Spasmodic (a.) Of or pertaining to spasm; consisting in spasm; occuring in, or characterized by, spasms; as, a spasmodic asthma.

Spasmodic (a.) Soon relaxed or exhausted; convulsive; intermittent; as, spasmodic zeal or industry.

Spasmodic (n.) A medicine for spasm.

Spasmodical (a.) Same as Spasmodic, a.

Spastic (a.) Of or pertaining to spasm; spasmodic; especially, pertaining to tonic spasm; tetanic.

Spastically (adv.) Spasmodically.

Spasticity (n.) A state of spasm.

Spasticity (n.) The tendency to, or capability of suffering, spasm.

Spat () imp. of Spit.

Spat (n.) A young oyster or other bivalve mollusk, both before and after it first becomes adherent, or such young, collectively.

Spat (v. i. & t.) To emit spawn; to emit, as spawn.

Spat (n.) A light blow with something flat.

Spat (n.) Hence, a petty combat, esp. a verbal one; a little quarrel, dispute, or dissension.

Spat (v. i.) To dispute.

Spatted (imp. & p. p.) of Spat

Spatting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spat

Spat (v. t.) To slap, as with the open hand; to clap together; as the hands.

Spatangoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the Spatangoidea.

Spatangoid (n.) One of the Spatangoidea.

Spatangoidea (n. pl.) An order of irregular sea urchins, usually having a more or less heart-shaped shell with four or five petal-like ambulacra above. The mouth is edentulous and situated anteriorly, on the under side.

Spatangus (n.) A genus of heart-shaped sea urchins belonging to the Spatangoidea.

Spatchcock (n.) See Spitchcock.

Spate (n.) A river flood; an overflow or inundation.

Spathae (pl. ) of Spatha

Spatha (n.) A spathe.

Spathaceous (a.) Having a spathe; resembling a spathe; spathal.

Spathal (a.) Furnished with a spathe; as, spathal flowers.

Spathe (n.) A special involucre formed of one leaf and inclosing a spadix, as in aroid plants and palms. See the Note under Bract, and Illust. of Spadix.

Spathed (a.) Having a spathe or calyx like a sheath.

Spathic (a.) Like spar; foliated or lamellar; spathose.

Spathiform (a.) Resembling spar in form.

Spathose (a.) See Spathic.

Spathose (a.) Having a spathe; resembling a spathe; spatheceous; spathal.

Spathous (a.) Spathose.

Spathulate (a.) See Spatulate.

Spatial (a.) Of or pertaining to space.

Spatially (adv.) As regards space.

Spatiate (v. t.) To rove; to ramble.

Spattered (imp. & p. p.) of Spatter

Spattering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spatter

Spatter (v. t.) To sprinkle with a liquid or with any wet substance, as water, mud, or the like; to make wet of foul spots upon by sprinkling; as, to spatter a coat; to spatter the floor; to spatter boots with mud.

Spatter (v. t.) To distribute by sprinkling; to sprinkle around; as, to spatter blood.

Spatter (v. t.) Fig.: To injure by aspersion; to defame; to soil; also, to throw out in a defamatory manner.

Spatter (v. i.) To throw something out of the mouth in a scattering manner; to sputter.

Spatterdashed (a.) Wearing spatterdashes.

Spatterdashes (n. pl.) Coverings for the legs, to protect them from water and mud; long gaiters.

Spatter-dock (n.) The common yellow water lily (Nuphar advena).

Spattle (n.) Spawl; spittle.

Spattle (n.) A spatula.

Spattle (n.) A tool or implement for mottling a molded article with coloring matter

Spattling-poppy (n.) A kind of catchfly (Silene inflata) which is sometimes frothy from the action of captured insects.

Spatula (n.) An implement shaped like a knife, flat, thin, and somewhat flexible, used for spreading paints, fine plasters, drugs in compounding prescriptions, etc. Cf. Palette knife, under Palette.

Spatulate (a.) Shaped like spatula, or like a battledoor, being roundish, with a long, narrow, linear base.

Spauld (n.) The shoulder.

Spavin (n.) A disease of horses characterized by a bony swelling developed on the hock as the result of inflammation of the bones; also, the swelling itself. The resulting lameness is due to the inflammation, and not the bony tumor as popularly supposed.

Spavined (a.) Affected with spavin.

Spaw (n.) See Spa.

Spawl (n.) A splinter or fragment, as of wood or stone. See Spall.

Spawl (n.) Scattered or ejected spittle.

Spawled (imp. & p. p.) of Spawl

Spawling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spawl

Spawl (v. i. & t.) To scatter spittle from the mouth; to spit, as saliva.

Spawling (n.) That which is spawled, or spit out.

Spawned (imp. & p. p.) of Spawn

Spawning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spawn

Spawn (v. t.) To produce or deposit (eggs), as fishes or frogs do.

Spawn (v. t.) To bring forth; to generate; -- used in contempt.

Spawn (v. i.) To deposit eggs, as fish or frogs do.

Spawn (v. i.) To issue, as offspring; -- used contemptuously.

Spawn (v. t.) The ova, or eggs, of fishes, oysters, and other aquatic animals.

Spawn (v. t.) Any product or offspring; -- used contemptuously.

Spawn (v. t.) The buds or branches produced from underground stems.

Spawn (v. t.) The white fibrous matter forming the matrix from which fungi.

Spawner (n.) A mature female fish.

Spawner (n.) Whatever produces spawn of any kind.

Spayed (imp. & p. p.) of Spay

Spaying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spay

Spay (v. t.) To remove or extirpate the ovaries of, as a sow or a bitch; to castrate (a female animal).

Spay (v. t.) The male of the red deer in his third year; a spade.

Spayad (n.) Alt. of Spayade

Spayade (n.) A spay.

Spoke (imp.) of Speak

Spake () of Speak

Spoken (p. p.) of Speak

Spoke () of Speak

Speaking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Speak

Speak (v. i.) To utter words or articulate sounds, as human beings; to express thoughts by words; as, the organs may be so obstructed that a man may not be able to speak.

Speak (v. i.) To express opinions; to say; to talk; to converse.

Speak (v. i.) To utter a speech, discourse, or harangue; to adress a public assembly formally.

Speak (v. i.) To discourse; to make mention; to tell.

Speak (v. i.) To give sound; to sound.

Speak (v. i.) To convey sentiments, ideas, or intelligence as if by utterance; as, features that speak of self-will.

Speak (v. t.) To utter with the mouth; to pronounce; to utter articulately, as human beings.

Speak (v. t.) To utter in a word or words; to say; to tell; to declare orally; as, to speak the truth; to speak sense.

Speak (v. t.) To declare; to proclaim; to publish; to make known; to exhibit; to express in any way.

Speak (v. t.) To talk or converse in; to utter or pronounce, as in conversation; as, to speak Latin.

Speak (v. t.) To address; to accost; to speak to.

Speakable (a.) Capable of being spoken; fit to be spoken.

Speakable (a.) Able to speak.

Speaker (n.) One who speaks.

Speaker (n.) One who utters or pronounces a discourse; usually, one who utters a speech in public; as, the man is a good speaker, or a bad speaker.

Speaker (n.) One who is the mouthpiece of others; especially, one who presides over, or speaks for, a delibrative assembly, preserving order and regulating the debates; as, the Speaker of the House of Commons, originally, the mouthpiece of the House to address the king; the Speaker of a House of Representatives.

Speaker (n.) A book of selections for declamation.

Speakership (n.) The office of speaker; as, the speakership of the House of Representatives.

Speaking (a.) Uttering speech; used for conveying speech; as, man is a speaking animal; a speaking tube.

Speaking (a.) Seeming to be capable of speech; hence, lifelike; as, a speaking likeness.

Speking (n.) The act of uttering words.

Speking (n.) Public declamation; oratory.

Spear (n.) A long, pointed weapon, used in war and hunting, by thrusting or throwing; a weapon with a long shaft and a sharp head or blade; a lance.

Spear (n.) Fig.: A spearman.

Spear (n.) A sharp-pointed instrument with barbs, used for stabbing fish and other animals.

Spear (n.) A shoot, as of grass; a spire.

Spear (n.) The feather of a horse. See Feather, n., 4.

Spear (n.) The rod to which the bucket, or plunger, of a pump is attached; a pump rod.

Speared (imp. & p. p.) of Spear

Spearing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spear

Spear (v. t.) To pierce with a spear; to kill with a spear; as, to spear a fish.

Spear (v. i.) To shoot into a long stem, as some plants. See Spire.

Spearer (n.) One who uses a spear; as, a spearer of fish.

Spearfish (n.) A large and powerful fish (Tetrapturus albidus) related to the swordfish, but having scales and ventral fins. It is found on the American coast and the Mediterranean.

Spearfish (n.) The carp sucker.

Spearhead (n.) The pointed head, or end, of a spear.

Spearmen (pl. ) of Spearman

Spearman (n.) One who is armed with a spear.

Spearmint (n.) A species of mint (Mentha viridis) growing in moist soil. It vields an aromatic oil. See Mint, and Mentha.

Spearwood (n.) An Australian tree (Acacia Doratoxylon), and its tough wood, used by the natives for spears.

Spearwort (n.) A name given to several species of crowfoot (Ranunculus) which have spear-shaped leaves.

Speary (a.) Having the form of a spear.

Spece (n.) Species; kind.

Specht (n.) A woodpecker.

Special (a.) Of or pertaining to a species; constituting a species or sort.

Special (a.) Particular; peculiar; different from others; extraordinary; uncommon.

Special (a.) Appropriate; designed for a particular purpose, occasion, or person; as, a special act of Parliament or of Congress; a special sermon.

Special (a.) Limited in range; confined to a definite field of action, investigation, or discussion; as, a special dictionary of commercial terms; a special branch of study.

Special (a.) Chief in excellence.

Special (n.) A particular.

Special (n.) One appointed for a special service or occasion.

Specialism (n.) Devotion to a particular and restricted part or branch of knowledge, art, or science; as, medical specialism.

Specialist (n.) One who devotes himself to some specialty; as, a medical specialist, one who devotes himself to diseases of particular parts of the body, as the eye, the ear, the nerves, etc.

Specialities (pl. ) of Speciality

Speciality (n.) A particular or peculiar case; a particularity.

Speciality (n.) See Specialty, 3.

Speciality (n.) The special or peculiar mark or characteristic of a person or thing; that for which a person is specially distinguished; an object of special attention; a special occupation or object of attention; a specialty.

Speciality (n.) An attribute or quality peculiar to a species.

Specialization (n.) The act of specializing, or the state of being spezialized.

Specialization (n.) The setting apart of a particular organ for the performance of a particular function.

Specialize (v. t.) To mention specially; to particularize.

Specialize (v. t.) To apply to some specialty or limited object; to assign to a specific use; as, specialized knowledge.

Specialize (v. t.) To supply with an organ or organs having a special function or functions.

Specially (adv.) In a special manner; particularly; especially.

Specially (adv.) For a particular purpose; as, a meeting of the legislature is specially summoned.

Specialties (pl. ) of Specialty

Specialty (n.) Particularity.

Specialty (n.) A particular or peculiar case.

Specialty (n.) A contract or obligation under seal; a contract by deed; a writing, under seal, given as security for a debt particularly specified.

Specialty (n.) That for which a person is distinguished, in which he is specially versed, or which he makes an object of special attention; a speciality.

Specie () abl. of L. species sort, kind. Used in the phrase in specie, that is, in sort, in kind, in (its own) form.

Specie (n.) Coin; hard money.

Species (n.) Visible or sensible presentation; appearance; a sensible percept received by the imagination; an image.

Species (n.) A group of individuals agreeing in common attributes, and designated by a common name; a conception subordinated to another conception, called a genus, or generic conception, from which it differs in containing or comprehending more attributes, and extending to fewer individuals. Thus, man is a species, under animal as a genus; and man, in its turn, may be regarded as a genus with respect to European, American, or the like, as species.

Species (n.) In science, a more or less permanent group of existing things or beings, associated according to attributes, or properties determined by scientific observation.

Species (n.) A sort; a kind; a variety; as, a species of low cunning; a species of generosity; a species of cloth.

Species (n.) Coin, or coined silver, gold, ot other metal, used as a circulating medium; specie.

Species (n.) A public spectacle or exhibition.

Species (n.) A component part of compound medicine; a simple.

Species (n.) An officinal mixture or compound powder of any kind; esp., one used for making an aromatic tea or tisane; a tea mixture.

Species (n.) The form or shape given to materials; fashion or shape; form; figure.

Specifiable (a.) Admitting specification; capable of being specified.

Specific (a.) Of or pertaining to a species; characterizing or constituting a species; possessing the peculiar property or properties of a thing which constitute its species, and distinguish it from other things; as, the specific form of an animal or a plant; the specific qualities of a drug; the specific distinction between virtue and vice.

Specific (a.) Specifying; definite, or making definite; limited; precise; discriminating; as, a specific statement.

Specific (a.) Exerting a peculiar influence over any part of the body; preventing or curing disease by a peculiar adaption, and not on general principles; as, quinine is a specific medicine in cases of malaria.

Specific (n.) A specific remedy. See Specific, a., 3.

Specific (a.) Anything having peculiar adaption to the purpose to which it is applied.

Specifical (a.) Specific.

Specifically (adv.) In a specific manner.

Specificalness (n.) The quality of being specific.

Specificate (v. t.) To show, mark, or designate the species, or the distinguishing particulars of; to specify.

Specification (n.) The act of specifying or determining by a mark or limit; notation of limits.

Specification (n.) The designation of particulars; particular mention; as, the specification of a charge against an officer.

Specification (n.) A written statement containing a minute description or enumeration of particulars, as of charges against a public officer, the terms of a contract, the description of an invention, as in a patent; also, a single article, item, or particular, an allegation of a specific act, as in a charge of official misconduct.

Soecificness (n.) The quality or state of being specific.

Specified (imp. & p. p.) of Specify

Specifying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Specify

Specify (v. t.) To mention or name, as a particular thing; to designate in words so as to distinguish from other things; as, to specify the uses of a plant; to specify articles purchased.

Specollum (n.) See Stylet, 2.

Specimen (n.) A part, or small portion, of anything, or one of a number of things, intended to exhibit the kind and quality of the whole, or of what is not exhibited; a sample; as, a specimen of a man's handwriting; a specimen of painting; aspecimen of one's art.

Speciocities (pl. ) of Speciosity

Speciosity (n.) The quality or state of being specious; speciousness.

Speciosity (n.) That which is specious.

Specious (a.) Presenting a pleasing appearance; pleasing in form or look; showy.

Specious (a.) Apparently right; superficially fair, just, or correct, but not so in reality; appearing well at first view; plausible; as, specious reasoning; a specious argument.

Speck (n.) The blubber of whales or other marine mammals; also, the fat of the hippopotamus.

Speck (n.) A small discolored place in or on anything, or a small place of a color different from that of the main substance; a spot; a stain; a blemish; as, a speck on paper or loth; specks of decay in fruit.

Speck (n.) A very small thing; a particle; a mite; as, specks of dust; he has not a speck of money.

Speck (n.) A small etheostomoid fish (Ulocentra stigmaea) common in the Eastern United States.

Specked (imp. & p. p.) of Speck

Specking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Speck

Speck (v. t.) To cause the presence of specks upon or in, especially specks regarded as defects or blemishes; to spot; to speckle; as, paper specked by impurities in the water used in its manufacture.

Speckle (n.) A little or spot in or anything, of a different substance or color from that of the thing itself.

Speckled (imp. & p. p.) of Speckle

Speckling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Speckle

Speckle (v. t.) To mark with small spots of a different color from that of the rest of the surface; to variegate with spots of a different color from the ground or surface.

Speckled (a.) Marked or variegated with small spots of a different color from that of the rest of the surface.

Speckled-belly (n.) The gadwall.

Speckled-bill (n.) The American white-fronted goose (Anser albifrons).

Speckledness (n.) The quality of being speckled.

Specksioneer (n.) The chief harpooner, who also directs in cutting up the speck, or blubber; -- so called among whalers.

Speckt (n.) A woodpecker. See Speight.

Spectacle (n.) Something exhibited to view; usually, something presented to view as extraordinary, or as unusual and worthy of special notice; a remarkable or noteworthy sight; a show; a pageant; a gazingstock.

Spectacle (n.) A spy-glass; a looking-glass.

Spectacle (n.) An optical instrument consisting of two lenses set in a light frame, and worn to assist sight, to obviate some defect in the organs of vision, or to shield the eyes from bright light.

Spectacle (n.) Fig.: An aid to the intellectual sight.

Spectacled (a.) Furnished with spectacles; wearing spectacles.

Spectacled (a.) Having the eyes surrounded by color markings, or patches of naked skin, resembling spectacles.

Spectacular (a.) Of or pertaining to a shows; of the nature of a show.

Spectacular (a.) Adapted to excite wonder and admiration by a display of pomp or of scenic effects; as, a spectacular celebration of some event; a spectacular play.

Spectacular (a.) Pertaining to spectacles, or glasses for the eyes.

Spectant (a.) Looking forward.

Spectation (n.) Regard; aspect; appearance.

Spectator (n.) One who on; one who sees or beholds; a beholder; one who is personally present at, and sees, any exhibition; as, the spectators at a show.

Spectatorial (a.) Of or pertaining to a spectator.

Spectatorship (n.) The office or quality of a spectator.

Spectatorship (n.) The act of beholding.

Spectatress (n.) Alt. of Spectatrix

Spectatrix (n.) A female beholder or looker-on.

Specter (n.) Alt. of Spectre

Spectre (n.) Something preternaturally visible; an apparition; a ghost; a phantom.

Spectre (n.) The tarsius.

Spectre (n.) A stick insect.

Spectioneer (n.) Same as Specsioneer.

Spectral (a.) Of or pertaining to a specter; ghosty.

Spectral (a.) Of or pertaining to the spectrum; made by the spectrum; as, spectral colors; spectral analysis.

Spectrally (adv.) In the form or manner of a specter.

Spectre (n.) See Specter.

Spectrological (a.) Of or pertaining to spectrology; as, spectrological studies or experiments.

Spectrology (n.) The science of spectrum analysis in any or all of its relations and applications.

Spectrometer (n.) A spectroscope fitted for measurements of the luminious spectra observed with it.

Spectrophotometer (n.) An instrument for measuring or comparing the intensites of the colors of the spectrum.

Spectroscope (n.) An optical instrument for forming and examining spectra (as that of solar light, or those produced by flames in which different substances are volatilized), so as to determine, from the position of the spectral lines, the composition of the substance.

Spectroscopic (a.) Alt. of Spectroscopical

Spectroscopical (a.) Of or pertaining to a spectroscope, or spectroscopy.

Spectroscopist (n.) One who investigates by means of a spectroscope; one skilled in the use of the spectroscope.

Spectroscopy (n.) The use of the spectroscope; investigations made with the spectroscope.

Spectra (pl. ) of Spectrum

Spectrum (n.) An apparition; a specter.

Spectrum (n.) The several colored and other rays of which light is composed, separated by the refraction of a prism or other means, and observed or studied either as spread out on a screen, by direct vision, by photography, or otherwise. See Illust. of Light, and Spectroscope.

Spectrum (n.) A luminous appearance, or an image seen after the eye has been exposed to an intense light or a strongly illuminated object. When the object is colored, the image appears of the complementary color, as a green image seen after viewing a red wafer lying on white paper. Called also ocular spectrum.

Specular (a.) Having the qualities of a speculum, or mirror; having a smooth, reflecting surface; as, a specular metal; a specular surface.

Specular (a.) Of or pertaining to a speculum; conducted with the aid of a speculum; as, a specular examination.

Specular (a.) Assisting sight, as a lens or the like.

Specular (a.) Affording view.

Speculated (imp. & p. p.) of Speculate

Speculating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Speculate

Speculate (v. i.) To consider by turning a subject in the mind, and viewing it in its different aspects and relations; to meditate; to contemplate; to theorize; as, to speculate on questions in religion; to speculate on political events.

Speculate (v. i.) To view subjects from certain premises given or assumed, and infer conclusions respecting them a priori.

Speculate (v. i.) To purchase with the expectation of a contingent advance in value, and a consequent sale at a profit; -- often, in a somewhat depreciative sense, of unsound or hazardous transactions; as, to speculate in coffee, in sugar, or in bank stock.

Speculate (v. t.) To consider attentively; as, to speculate the nature of a thing.

Speculation (n.) The act of speculating.

Speculation (n.) Examination by the eye; view.

Speculation (n.) Mental view of anything in its various aspects and relations; contemplation; intellectual examination.

Speculation (n.) The act or process of reasoning a priori from premises given or assumed.

Speculation (n.) The act or practice of buying land, goods, shares, etc., in expectation of selling at a higher price, or of selling with the expectation of repurchasing at a lower price; a trading on anticipated fluctuations in price, as distinguished from trading in which the profit expected is the difference between the retail and wholesale prices, or the difference of price in different markets.

Speculation (n.) Any business venture in involving unusual risks, with a chance for large profits.

Speculation (n.) A conclusion to which the mind comes by speculating; mere theory; view; notion; conjecture.

Speculation (n.) Power of sight.

Speculation (n.) A game at cards in which the players buy from one another trumps or whole hands, upon a chance of getting the highest trump dealt, which entitles the holder to the pool of stakes.

Speculatist (n.) One who speculates, or forms theories; a speculator; a theorist.

Speculative (a.) Given to speculation; contemplative.

Speculative (a.) Involving, or formed by, speculation; ideal; theoretical; not established by demonstration.

Speculative (a.) Of or pertaining to vision; also, prying; inquisitive; curious.

Speculative (a.) Of or pertaining to speculation in land, goods, shares, etc.; as, a speculative dealer or enterprise.

Speculator (n.) One who speculates. Specifically: (a) An observer; a contemplator; hence, a spy; a watcher.

Speculator (n.) One who forms theories; a theorist.

Speculator (n.) One who engages in speculation; one who buys and sells goods, land, etc., with the expectation of deriving profit from fluctuations in price.

Speculatorial (a.) Speculatory; speculative.

Speculatory (a.) Intended or adapted for viewing or espying; having oversight.

Speculatory (a.) Exercising speculation; speculative.

Speculist (n.) One who observes or considers; an observer.

Specula (pl. ) of Speculum

Speculum (pl. ) of Speculum

Speculum (n.) A mirror, or looking-glass; especially, a metal mirror, as in Greek and Roman archaeology.

Speculum (n.) A reflector of polished metal, especially one used in reflecting telescopes. See Speculum metal, below.

Speculum (n.) An instrument for dilating certain passages of the body, and throwing light within them, thus facilitating examination or surgical operations.

Speculum (n.) A bright and lustrous patch of color found on the wings of ducks and some other birds. It is usually situated on the distal portions of the secondary quills, and is much more brilliant in the adult male than in the female.

Sped () imp. & p. p. of Speed.

Speece (n.) Species; sort.

Speech (n.) The faculty of uttering articulate sounds or words; the faculty of expressing thoughts by words or articulate sounds; the power of speaking.

Speech (n.) he act of speaking; that which is spoken; words, as expressing ideas; language; conversation.

Speech (n.) A particular language, as distinct from others; a tongue; a dialect.

Speech (n.) Talk; mention; common saying.

Speech (n.) formal discourse in public; oration; harangue.

Speech (n.) ny declaration of thoughts.

Speech (v. i. & t.) To make a speech; to harangue.

Speechful (a.) Full of speech or words; voluble; loquacious.

Speechification (n.) The act of speechifying.

Speechifier (n.) One who makes a speech or speeches; an orator; a declaimer.

Speechified (imp. & p. p.) of Speechify

Speechifying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Speechify

Speechify (v. i.) To make a speech; to harangue.

Speechifying (n.) The act of making a speech or speeches.

Speeching (n.) The act of making a speech.

Speechless (a.) Destitute or deprived of the faculty of speech.

Speechless (a.) Not speaking for a time; dumb; mute; silent.

Speechmaker (n.) One who makes speeches; one accustomed to speak in a public assembly.

Speed (n.) Prosperity in an undertaking; favorable issue; success.

Speed (n.) The act or state of moving swiftly; swiftness; velocity; rapidly; rate of motion; dispatch; as, the speed a horse or a vessel.

Speed (n.) One who, or that which, causes or promotes speed or success.

Sped (imp. & p. p.) of Speed

Speeded () of Speed

Speeding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Speed

Speed (n.) To go; to fare.

Speed (n.) To experience in going; to have any condition, good or ill; to fare.

Speed (n.) To fare well; to have success; to prosper.

Speed (n.) To make haste; to move with celerity.

Speed (n.) To be expedient.

Speed (v. t.) To cause to be successful, or to prosper; hence, to aid; to favor.

Speed (v. t.) To cause to make haste; to dispatch with celerity; to drive at full speed; hence, to hasten; to hurry.

Speed (v. t.) To hasten to a conclusion; to expedite.

Speed (v. t.) To hurry to destruction; to put an end to; to ruin; to undo.

Speed (v. t.) To wish success or god fortune to, in any undertaking, especially in setting out upon a journey.

Speeder (n.) One who, or that which, speeds.

Speeder (n.) A machine for drawing and twisting slivers to form rovings.

Speedful (a.) Full of speed (in any sense).

Speedfully (adv.) In a speedful manner.

Speedily (adv.) In a speedy manner.

Speediness (n.) The quality or state of being speedy.

Speedless (a.) Being without speed.

Speedwell (n.) Any plant of the genus Veronica, mostly low herbs with pale blue corollas, which quickly fall off.

Speedy (superl.) Not dilatory or slow; quick; swift; nimble; hasty; rapid in motion or performance; as, a speedy flight; on speedy foot.

Speer (n.) A sphere.

Speer (v. t.) To ask.

Speet (v. t.) To stab.

Speight (n.) A woodpecker; -- called also specht, spekt, spight.

Speir (v. i.) To ask. See Spere.

Speiskobalt (n.) Smaltite.

Speiss (n.) A regulus consisting essentially of nickel, obtained as a residue in fusing cobalt and nickel ores with silica and sodium carbonate to make smalt.

Spekboom (n.) The purslane tree of South Africa, -- said to be the favorite food of elephants.

Speke (v. i. & t.) To speak.

Spekehouse (n.) The parlor or reception room of a convent.

Spelding (n.) A haddock or other small fish split open and dried in the sun; -- called also speldron.

Spelicans (n. pl.) See Spilikin.

Spelk (n.) A small stick or rod used as a spike in thatching; a splinter.

Spell (n.) A spelk, or splinter.

Spelled (imp. & p. p.) of Spell

Spelling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spell

Spell (v. t.) To supply the place of for a time; to take the turn of, at work; to relieve; as, to spell the helmsman.

Spell (n.) The relief of one person by another in any piece of work or watching; also, a turn at work which is carried on by one person or gang relieving another; as, a spell at the pumps; a spell at the masthead.

Spell (n.) The time during which one person or gang works until relieved; hence, any relatively short period of time, whether a few hours, days, or weeks.

Spell (n.) One of two or more persons or gangs who work by spells.

Spell (n.) A gratuitous helping forward of another's work; as, a logging spell.

Spell (n.) A story; a tale.

Spell (n.) A stanza, verse, or phrase supposed to be endowed with magical power; an incantation; hence, any charm.

Spelled (imp. & p. p.) of Spell

Spelt () of Spell

Spelling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spell

Spell (v. t.) To tell; to relate; to teach.

Spell (v. t.) To put under the influence of a spell; to affect by a spell; to bewitch; to fascinate; to charm.

Spell (v. t.) To constitute; to measure.

Spell (v. t.) To tell or name in their proper order letters of, as a word; to write or print in order the letters of, esp. the proper letters; to form, as words, by correct orthography.

Spell (v. t.) To discover by characters or marks; to read with difficulty; -- usually with out; as, to spell out the sense of an author; to spell out a verse in the Bible.

Spell (v. i.) To form words with letters, esp. with the proper letters, either orally or in writing.

Spell (v. i.) To study by noting characters; to gain knowledge or learn the meaning of anything, by study.

Spellable (a.) Capable of being spelt.

Spellbound (a.) Bound by, or as by, a spell.

Speller (n.) One who spells.

Speller (n.) A spelling book.

Spellful (a.) Abounding in spells, or charms.

Spelling (n.) The act of one who spells; formation of words by letters; orthography.

Spelling (a.) Of or pertaining to spelling.

Spellken (n.) A theater.

Spellwork (n.) Power or effect of magic; that which is wrought by magic; enchantment.

Spelt () imp. & p. p. of Spell. Spelled.

Spelt (n.) A species of grain (Triticum Spelta) much cultivated for food in Germany and Switzerland; -- called also German wheat.

Spelt (n.) Spelter.

Spelt (v. t. & i.) To split; to break; to spalt.

Spelter (n.) Zinc; -- especially so called in commerce and arts.

Spelunc (n.) A cavern; a cave.

Spence (n.) A place where provisions are kept; a buttery; a larder; a pantry.

Spence (n.) The inner apartment of a country house; also, the place where the family sit and eat.

Spencer (n.) One who has the care of the spence, or buttery.

Spencer (n.) A short jacket worn by men and by women.

Spencer (n.) A fore-and-aft sail, abaft the foremast or the mainmast, hoisted upon a small supplementary mast and set with a gaff and no boom; a trysail carried at the foremast or mainmast; -- named after its inventor, Knight Spencer, of England [1802].

Spent (imp. & p. p.) of Spend

Spending (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spend

Spend (v. t.) To weigh or lay out; to dispose of; to part with; as, to spend money for clothing.

Spend (v. t.) To bestow; to employ; -- often with on or upon.

Spend (v. t.) To consume; to waste; to squander; to exhaust; as, to spend an estate in gaming or other vices.

Spend (v. t.) To pass, as time; to suffer to pass away; as, to spend a day idly; to spend winter abroad.

Spend (v. t.) To exhaust of force or strength; to waste; to wear away; as, the violence of the waves was spent.

Spend (v. i.) To expend money or any other possession; to consume, use, waste, or part with, anything; as, he who gets easily spends freely.

Spend (v. i.) To waste or wear away; to be consumed; to lose force or strength; to vanish; as, energy spends in the using of it.

Spend (v. i.) To be diffused; to spread.

Spend (v. i.) To break ground; to continue working.

Spender (n.) One who spends; esp., one who spends lavishly; a prodigal; a spendthrift.

Spending (n.) The act of expending; expenditure.

Spendthrift (n.) One who spends money profusely or improvidently; a prodigal; one who lavishes or wastes his estate. Also used figuratively.

Spendthrift (a.) Prodigal; extravagant; wasteful.

Spendthrifty (a.) Spendthrift; prodigal.

Spenserian (a.) Of or pertaining to the English poet Spenser; -- specifically applied to the stanza used in his poem "The Faerie Queene."

Spent (a.) Exhausted; worn out; having lost energy or motive force.

Spent (a.) Exhausted of spawn or sperm; -- said especially of fishes.

Sper (v. t.) Alt. of Sperre

Sperre (v. t.) To shut in; to support; to inclose; to fasten.

Sperable (a.) Within the range of hpe; proper to be hoped for.

Sperable (n.) See Sperable.

Sperage (n.) Asperagus.

Sperate (a.) Hoped for, or to be hoped for.

Spere (v. i.) To search; to pry; to ask; to inquire.

Spere (n.) A sphere.

Sperge (n.) A charge of wash for the still.

Sperling (n.) A smelt; a sparling.

Sperling (n.) A young herring.

Sperm (n.) The male fecundating fluid; semen. See Semen.

Sperm (n.) Spermaceti.

Spermaceti (n.) A white waxy substance obtained from cavities in the head of the sperm whale, and used making candles, oilments, cosmetics, etc. It consists essentially of ethereal salts of palmitic acid with ethal and other hydrocarbon bases. The substance of spermaceti after the removal of certain impurities is sometimes called cetin.

Spermalist (n.) See Spermist.

Spermaphore (n.) That part of the ovary from which the ovules arise; the placenta.

Spermary (n.) An organ in which spermatozoa are developed; a sperm gland; a testicle.

Spermathecae (pl. ) of Spermatheca

Spermatheca (n.) A small sac connected with the female reproductive organs of insects and many other invertebrates, serving to receive and retain the spermatozoa.

Spermatic (a.) Of or pertaining to semen; as, the spermatic fluid, the spermatic vessels, etc.

Spermatical (a.) Spermatic.

Spermatin (n.) A substance allied to alkali albumin and to mucin, present in semen, to which it is said to impart the mucilaginous character.

Spermatism (n.) The emission of sperm, or semen.

Spermatia (pl. ) of Spermatium

Spermatium (n.) One of the motionless spermatozoids in the conceptacles of certain fungi.

Spermatize (v. i.) To yield seed; to emit seed, or sperm.

Spermato- () Alt. of Spermo-

Spermo- () Combining forms from Gr. spe`rma, -atos, seed, sperm, semen (of plants or animals); as, spermatoblast, spermoblast.

Spermatoblast (n.) Same as Spermoblast.

Spermatocyte (n.) Same as Spermoblast.

Spermatogemma (n.) Same as Spermosphere.

Spermatogenesis (n.) The development of the spermatozoids.

Spermatogenetic (a.) Relating to, or connected with, spermatogenesis; as, spermatogenetic function.

Spermatogenous (a.) Sperm-producing.

Spermatogonium (n.) A primitive seminal cell, occuring in masses in the seminal tubules. It divides into a mass (spermosphere) of small cells (spermoblast), which in turn give rise to spermatozoids.

Spermatoid (a.) Spermlike; resembling sperm, or semen.

Spermatoa (pl. ) of Spermatoon

Spermatoon (n.) A spermoblast.

Spermatophore (n.) Same as Spermospore.

Spermatophore (n.) A capsule or pocket inclosing a number of spermatozoa. They are present in many annelids, brachiopods, mollusks, and crustaceans. In cephalopods the structure of the capsule is very complex.

Spermatophorous (a.) Producing seed, or sperm; seminiferous; as, the so-called spermatophorous cells.

Spermatorrhea (n.) Alt. of Spermatorrhoea

Spermatorrhoea (n.) Abnormally frequent involuntary emission of the semen without copulation.

Spermatospore (n.) Same as Spermospore.

Spermatozoid (n.) The male germ cell in animals and plants, the essential element in fertilization; a microscopic animalcule-like particle, usually provided with one or more cilia by which it is capable of active motion. In animals, the familiar type is that of a small, more or less ovoid head, with a delicate threadlike cilium, or tail. Called also spermatozoon. In plants the more usual term is antherozoid.

Spermatozooid (n.) A spermatozoid.

Spermatozoa (pl. ) of Spermatozoon

Spermatozoon (n.) Same as Spermatozoid.

Spermic (a.) Of or pertaining to sperm, or semen.

Spermidia (pl. ) of Spermidium

Spermidium (n.) An achenium.

Spermist (n.) A believer in the doctrine, formerly current, of encasement in the male (see Encasement), in which the seminal thread, or spermatozoid, was considered as the real animal germ, the head being the true animal head and the tail the body.

Spermoblast (n.) One of the cells formed by the division of the spermospore, each of which is destined to become a spermatozoid; a spermatocyte; a spermatoblast.

Spermococcus (n.) The nucleus of the sperm cell.

Spermoderm (n.) The covering of a seed; -- sometimes limited to the outer coat or testa.

Spermogonium (n.) A conceptacle of certain lichens, which contains spermatia.

Spermologist (n.) One who treats of, or collects, seeds.

Spermophile (n.) Any ground squirrel of the genus Spermophilus; a gopher. See Illust. under Gopher.

Spermophore (n.) A spermatophore.

Spermophyta (n. pl.) Plants which produce seed; phaenogamia. These plants constitute the highest grand division of the vegetable kingdom.

Spermophyte (n.) Any plant which produces true seeds; -- a term recently proposed to replace ph/nogam.

Spermophytic (a.) Capable of producing seeds; ph/nogamic.

Spermoplasma (n.) The protoplasm of the sperm cell.

Spermosphere (n.) A mass or ball of cells formed by the repeated division of a male germinal cell (spermospore), each constituent cell (spermoblast) of which is converted into a spermatozoid; a spermatogemma.

Spermospore (n.) The male germinal or seminal cell, from the breaking up of which the spermoblasts are formed and ultimately the spermatozoids; a spermatospore.

Spermule (n.) A sperm cell.

Sperm whale () A very large toothed whale (Physeter macrocephalus), having a head of enormous size. The upper jaw is destitute of teeth. In the upper part of the head, above the skull, there is a large cavity, or case, filled with oil and spermaceti. This whale sometimes grows to the length of more than eighty feet. It is found in the warmer parts of all the oceans. Called also cachalot, and spermaceti whale.

Sperrylite (n.) An arsenide of platinum occuring in grains and minute isometric crystals of tin-white color. It is found near Sudbury, Ontario Canada, and is the only known compound of platinum occuring in nature.

Sperse (v. t.) To disperse.

Spessartite (n.) A manganesian variety of garnet.

Spet (v. t.) To spit; to throw out.

Spet (n.) Spittle.

Spetches (n. pl.) Parings and refuse of hides, skins, etc., from which glue is made.

Spewed (imp. & p. p.) of Spew

Spewing (p. pr.& vb. n.) of Spew

Spew (v. t.) To eject from the stomach; to vomit.

Spew (v. t.) To cast forth with abhorrence or disgust; to eject.

Spew (v. i.) To vomit.

Spew (v. i.) To eject seed, as wet land swollen with frost.

Spew (n.) That which is vomited; vomit.

Spewer (n.) One who spews.

Spewiness (n.) The state of being spewy.

Spewy (a.) Wet; soggy; inclined to spew.

Sphacel (n.) Gangrene.

Sphacelated (imp. & p. p.) of Spacelate

Sphacelating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spacelate

Spacelate (v. i.) To die, decay, or become gangrenous, as flesh or bone; to mortify.

Sphacelate (v. t.) To affect with gangrene.

Sphacelate (a.) Alt. of Sphacelated

Sphacelated (a.) Affected with gangrene; mortified.

Sphacelation (n.) The process of becoming or making gangrenous; mortification.

Sphacelus (n.) Gangrenous part; gangrene; slough.

Sphaerenchyma (n.) Vegetable tissue composed of thin-walled rounded cells, -- a modification of parenchyma.

Sphaeridia (pl. ) of Sphaeridium

Sphaeridium (n.) A peculiar sense organ found upon the exterior of most kinds of sea urchins, and consisting of an oval or sherical head surmounting a short pedicel. It is generally supposed to be an olfactory organ.

Sphaerospore (n.) One of the nonsexual spores found in red algae; a tetraspore.

Sphaerulite (n.) Same as Spherulite.

Sphagnicolous (a.) Growing in moss of the genus Sphagnum.

Sphagnous (a.) Pertaining to moss of the genus Sphagnum, or bog moss; abounding in peat or bog moss.

Sphagnum (n.) A genus of mosses having white leaves slightly tinged with red or green and found growing in marshy places; bog moss; peat moss.

Sphalerite (n.) Zinc sulphide; -- called also blende, black-jack, false galena, etc. See Blende (a).

Sphene (n.) A mineral found usually in thin, wedge-shaped crystals of a yellow or green to black color. It is a silicate of titanium and calcium; titanite.

Sphenethmoid (a.) Of or pertaining to both the sphenoidal and the ethmoidal regions of the skull, or the sphenethmoid bone; sphenethmoidal.

Sphenethmoid (n.) The sphenethmoid bone.

Sphenethmoidal (a.) Relating to the sphenoethmoid bone; sphenoethmoid.

Spheniscan (n.) Any species of penguin.

Spheno- () A combining form used in anatomy to indicate connection with, or relation to, the sphenoid bone; as in sphenomaxillary, sphenopalatine.

Sphenodon (n.) Same as Hatteria.

Sphenoethmoidal (a.) Sphenethmoid.

Sphenogram (n.) A cuneiform, or arrow-headed, character.

Sphenographer (n.) One skilled in sphenography; a sphenographist.

Sphenographic (a.) Of or pertaining to sphenography.

Sphenographist (n.) A sphenographer.

Sphenography (n.) The art of writing in cuneiform characters, or of deciphering inscriptions made in such characters.

Sphenoid (a.) Wedge-shaped; as, a sphenoid crystal.

Sphenoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the sphenoid bone.

Sphenoid (n.) A wedge-shaped crystal bounded by four equal isosceles triangles. It is the hemihedral form of a square pyramid.

Sphenoid (n.) The sphenoid bone.

Sphenoidal (a.) Sphenoid.

Sphenoidal (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a sphenoid.

Sphenotic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, the sphenotic bone.

Sphenotic (n.) The sphenotic bone.

Spheral (a.) Of or pertaining to a sphere or the spheres.

Spheral (a.) Rounded like a sphere; sphere-shaped; hence, symmetrical; complete; perfect.

Sphere (n.) A body or space contained under a single surface, which in every part is equally distant from a point within called its center.

Sphere (n.) Hence, any globe or globular body, especially a celestial one, as the sun, a planet, or the earth.

Sphere (n.) The apparent surface of the heavens, which is assumed to be spherical and everywhere equally distant, in which the heavenly bodies appear to have their places, and on which the various astronomical circles, as of right ascension and declination, the equator, ecliptic, etc., are conceived to be drawn; an ideal geometrical sphere, with the astronomical and geographical circles in their proper positions on it.

Sphere (n.) In ancient astronomy, one of the concentric and eccentric revolving spherical transparent shells in which the stars, sun, planets, and moon were supposed to be set, and by which they were carried, in such a manner as to produce their apparent motions.

Sphere (n.) The extension of a general conception, or the totality of the individuals or species to which it may be applied.

Sphere (n.) Circuit or range of action, knowledge, or influence; compass; province; employment; place of existence.

Sphere (n.) Rank; order of society; social positions.

Sphere (n.) An orbit, as of a star; a socket.

Sphered (imp. & p. p.) of Sphere

Sphering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sphere

Sphere (v. t.) To place in a sphere, or among the spheres; to insphere.

Sphere (v. t.) To form into roundness; to make spherical, or spheral; to perfect.

Spherical (a.) Alt. of Spheric

Spheric (a.) Having the form of a sphere; like a sphere; globular; orbicular; as, a spherical body.

Spheric (a.) Of or pertaining to a sphere.

Spheric (a.) Of or pertaining to the heavenly orbs, or to the sphere or spheres in which, according to ancient astronomy and astrology, they were set.

Sphericity (n.) The quality or state of being spherial; roundness; as, the sphericity of the planets, or of a drop of water.

Sphericle (n.) A small sphere.

Spherics (n.) The doctrine of the sphere; the science of the properties and relations of the circles, figures, and other magnitudes of a sphere, produced by planes intersecting it; spherical geometry and trigonometry.

Spherobacteria (n. pl.) See the Note under Microbacteria.

Spheroconic (n.) A nonplane curve formed by the intersection of the surface of an oblique cone with the surface of a sphere whose center is at the vertex of the cone.

Spherograph (n.) An instrument for facilitating the practical use of spherics in navigation and astronomy, being constructed of two cardboards containing various circles, and turning upon each other in such a manner that any possible spherical triangle may be readily found, and the measures of the parts read off by inspection.

Spheroid (n.) A body or figure approaching to a sphere, but not perfectly spherical; esp., a solid generated by the revolution of an ellipse about one of its axes.

Spheroidal (a.) Having the form of a spheroid.

Spheroidic (a.) Alt. of Spheroidical

Spheroidical (a.) See Spheroidal.

Spheroidicity (n.) Alt. of Spheroidity

Spheroidity (n.) The quality or state of being spheroidal.

Spheromere (n.) Any one of the several symmetrical segments arranged around the central axis and composing the body of a radiate anmal.

Spherometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the curvature of spherical surface, as of lenses for telescope, etc.

Spherosiderite (n.) Siderite occuring in spheroidal masses.

Spherosome (n.) The body wall of any radiate animal.

Spherulate (a.) Covered or set with spherules; having one or more rows of spherules, or minute tubercles.

Spherule (n.) A little sphere or spherical body; as, quicksilver, when poured upon a plane, divides itself into a great number of minute spherules.

Spherulite (n.) A minute spherical crystalline body having a radiated structure, observed in some vitreous volcanic rocks, as obsidian and pearlstone.

Spherulitic (a.) Of or pertaining to a spherulite; characterized by the presence of spherulites.

Sphery (a.) Round; spherical; starlike.

Sphery (a.) Of or pertaining to the spheres.

Sphex (n.) Any one of numerous species of sand wasps of the genus Sphex and allied genera. These wasps have the abdomen attached to the thorax by a slender pedicel. See Illust. of Sand wasp, under Sand.

Sphigmometer (n.) See Sphygmometer.

Sphincter (n.) A muscle which surrounds, and by its contraction tends to close, a natural opening; as, the sphincter of the bladder.

Sphincter (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a sphincter; as, a sphincter muscle.

Sphingid (n.) A sphinx.

Sphingid (a.) Of or pertaining to a sphinx, or the family Sphingidae.

Sphinx (n.) In Egyptian art, an image of granite or porphyry, having a human head, or the head of a ram or of a hawk, upon the wingless body of a lion.

Sphinx (n.) On Greek art and mythology, a she-monster, usually represented as having the winged body of a lion, and the face and breast of a young woman.

Sphinx (n.) Hence: A person of enigmatical character and purposes, especially in politics and diplomacy.

Sphinx (n.) Any one of numerous species of large moths of the family Sphingidae; -- called also hawk moth.

Sphinx (n.) The Guinea, or sphinx, baboon (Cynocephalus sphinx).

Sphragide (n.) Lemnian earth.

Sphragistics (n.) The science of seals, their history, age, distinctions, etc., esp. as verifying the age and genuiness of documents.

Sphrigosis (n.) A condition of vegetation in which there is too abundant growth of the stem and leaves, accompanied by deficiency of flowers and fruit.

Sphygmic (a.) Of or pertaining to the pulse.

Sphygmogram (n.) A tracing, called a pulse tracing, consisting of a series of curves corresponding with the beats of the heart, obtained by the application of the sphygmograph.

Sphygmograph (n.) An instrument which, when applied over an artery, indicates graphically the movements or character of the pulse. See Sphygmogram.

Sphygmographic (a.) Relating to, or produced by, a sphygmograph; as, a sphygmographic tracing.

Sphygmometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the strength of the pulse beat; a sphygmograph.

Sphygmophone (n.) An electrical instrument for determining by the ear the rhythm of the pulse of a person at a distance.

Sphygmoscope (n.) Same as Sphygmograph.

Sphyraenoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the Sphyraenidae, a family of marine fishes including the barracudas.

Spial (n.) A spy; a scout.

Spicae (pl. ) of Spica

Spica (n.) A kind of bandage passing, by successive turns and crosses, from an extremity to the trunk; -- so called from its resemblance to a spike of a barley.

Spica (n.) A star of the first magnitude situated in the constellation Virgo.

Spicate (a.) Alt. of Spicated

Spicated (a.) Having the form of a spike, or ear; arranged in a spike or spikes.

Spiccato (a.) Detached; separated; -- a term indicating that every note is to be performed in a distinct and pointed manner.

Spice (n.) Species; kind.

Spice (n.) A vegetable production of many kinds, fragrant or aromatic and pungent to the taste, as pepper, cinnamon, nutmeg, mace, allspice, ginger, cloves, etc., which are used in cookery and to flavor sauces, pickles, etc.

Spice (n.) Figuratively, that which enriches or alters the quality of a thing in a small degree, as spice alters the taste of food; that which gives zest or pungency; a slight flavoring; a relish; hence, a small quantity or admixture; a sprinkling; as, a spice of mischief.

Spiced (imp. & p. p.) of Spice

Spicing (p. p. & vb. n.) of Spice

Spice (v. t.) To season with spice, or as with spice; to mix aromatic or pungent substances with; to flavor; to season; as, to spice wine; to spice one's words with wit.

Spice (v. t.) To fill or impregnate with the odor of spices.

Spice (v. t.) To render nice or dainty; hence, to render scrupulous.

Spicebush (n.) Spicewood.

Spicenut () A small crisp cake, highly spiced.

Spicer (n.) One who seasons with spice.

Spicer (n.) One who deals in spice.

Spicery (n.) Spices, in general.

Spicery (n.) A repository of spices.

Spicewood (n.) An American shrub (Lindera Benzoin), the bark of which has a spicy taste and odor; -- called also Benjamin, wild allspice, and fever bush.

Spiciferous (a.) Bearing ears, or spikes; spicate.

Spiciform (a.) Spike-shaped.

Spicily (adv.) In a spicy manner.

Spiciness (n.) The quality or state of being spicy.

Spick (n.) A spike or nail.

Spicknel (n.) An umbelliferous herb (Meum Athamanticum) having finely divided leaves, common in Europe; -- called also baldmoney, mew, and bearwort.

Spicose (a.) Having spikes, or ears, like corn spikes.

Spicosity (n.) The state of having, or being full of, ears like corn.

Spicous (a.) See Spicose.

Spiculae (pl. ) of Spicula

Spicula (n.) A little spike; a spikelet.

Spicula (n.) A pointed fleshy appendage.

Spicular (a.) Resembling a dart; having sharp points.

Spiculate (a.) Covered with, or having, spicules.

Spiculate (a.) Covered with minute spiculae, or pointed fleshy appendages; divided into small spikelets.

Spiculate (v. t.) To sharpen to a point.

Spicule (n.) A minute, slender granule, or point.

Spicule (n.) Same as Spicula.

Spicule (n.) Any small calcareous or siliceous body found in the tissues of various invertebrate animals, especially in sponges and in most Alcyonaria.

Spiculiform (a.) Having the shape of a spicule.

Spiculigenous (a.) Producing or containing spicules.

Spiculispongiae (n. pl.) A division of sponges including those which have independent siliceous spicules.

Spicula (pl. ) of Spiculum

Spiculum (n.) Same as Spicule.

Spicy (superl.) Flavored with, or containing, spice or spices; fragrant; aromatic; as, spicy breezes.

Spicy (superl.) Producing, or abounding with, spices.

Spicy (superl.) Fig.: Piquant; racy; as, a spicy debate.

Spider (n.) Any one of numerous species of arachnids comprising the order Araneina. Spiders have the mandibles converted into poison fangs, or falcers. The abdomen is large and not segmented, with two or three pairs of spinnerets near the end, by means of which they spin threads of silk to form cocoons, or nests, to protect their eggs and young. Many species spin also complex webs to entrap the insects upon which they prey. The eyes are usually eight in number (rarely six), and are situated on the back of the cephalothorax. See Illust. under Araneina.

Spider (n.) Any one of various other arachnids resembling the true spiders, especially certain mites, as the red spider (see under Red).

Spider (n.) An iron pan with a long handle, used as a kitchen utensil in frying food. Originally, it had long legs, and was used over coals on the hearth.

Spider (n.) A trevet to support pans or pots over a fire.

Spider (n.) A skeleton, or frame, having radiating arms or members, often connected by crosspieces; as, a casting forming the hub and spokes to which the rim of a fly wheel or large gear is bolted; the body of a piston head; a frame for strengthening a core or mold for a casting, etc.

Spidered (a.) Infested by spiders; cobwebbed.

Spiderlike (a.) Like a spider.

Spider web () Alt. of Spider's web

Spider's web () The silken web which is formed by most kinds of spiders, particularly the web spun to entrap their prey. See Geometric spider, Triangle spider, under Geometric, and Triangle.

Spiderwort (n.) An American endogenous plant (Tradescantia Virginica), with long linear leaves and ephemeral blue flowers. The name is sometimes extended to other species of the same genus.

Spied () imp. & p. p. of Spy.

Spiegeleisen (n.) See Spiegel iron.

Spiegel iron () A fusible white cast iron containing a large amount of carbon (from three and a half to six per cent) and some manganese. When the manganese reaches twenty-five per cent and upwards it has a granular structure, and constitutes the alloy ferro manganese, largely used in the manufacture of Bessemer steel. Called also specular pig iron, spiegel, and spiegeleisen.

Spight (n. & v.) Spite.

Spight (n.) A woodpecker. See Speight.

Spignel (n.) Same as Spickenel.

Spignet (n.) An aromatic plant of America. See Spikenard.

Spigot (n.) A pin or peg used to stop the vent in a cask; also, the plug of a faucet or cock.

Spigurnel (n.) Formerly the title of the sealer of writs in chancery.

Spike (n.) A sort of very large nail; also, a piece of pointed iron set with points upward or outward.

Spike (n.) Anything resembling such a nail in shape.

Spike (n.) An ear of corn or grain.

Spike (n.) A kind of flower cluster in which sessile flowers are arranged on an unbranched elongated axis.

Spiked (imp. & p. p.) of Spike

Spiking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spike

Spike (v. t.) To fasten with spikes, or long, large nails; as, to spike down planks.

Spike (v. t.) To set or furnish with spikes.

Spike (v. t.) To fix on a spike.

Spike (v. t.) To stop the vent of (a gun or cannon) by driving a spike nail, or the like into it.

Spike (n.) Spike lavender. See Lavender.

Spikebill (n.) The hooded merganser.

Spikebill (n.) The marbled godwit (Limosa fedoa).

Spiked (a.) Furnished or set with spikes, as corn; fastened with spikes; stopped with spikes.

Spikefish (n.) See Sailfish (a)

Spikelet (n.) A small or secondary spike; especially, one of the ultimate parts of the in florescence of grasses. See Illust. of Quaking grass.

Spikenard (n.) An aromatic plant. In the United States it is the Aralia racemosa, often called spignet, and used as a medicine. The spikenard of the ancients is the Nardostachys Jatamansi, a native of the Himalayan region. From its blackish roots a perfume for the hair is still prepared in India.

Spikenard (n.) A fragrant essential oil, as that from the Nardostachys Jatamansi.

Spiketail (n.) The pintail duck.

Spiky (a.) Like a spike; spikelike.

Spiky (a.) Having a sharp point, or sharp points; furnished or armed with spikes.

Spile (n.) A small plug or wooden pin, used to stop a vent, as in a cask.

Spile (n.) A small tube or spout inserted in a tree for conducting sap, as from a sugar maple.

Spile (n.) A large stake driven into the ground as a support for some superstructure; a pile.

Spile (v. t.) To supply with a spile or a spigot; to make a small vent in, as a cask.

Spilikin (n.) One of a number of small pieces or pegs of wood, ivory, bone, or other material, for playing a game, or for counting the score in a game, as in cribbage. In the plural (spilikins

spilikins (pl. ) of Spilikin

), a game played with such pieces; pushpin.

Spill (n.) A bit of wood split off; a splinter.

Spill (n.) A slender piece of anything.

Spill (n.) A peg or pin for plugging a hole, as in a cask; a spile.

Spill (n.) A metallic rod or pin.

Spill (n.) A small roll of paper, or slip of wood, used as a lamplighter, etc.

Spill (n.) One of the thick laths or poles driven horizontally ahead of the main timbering in advancing a level in loose ground.

Spill (n.) A little sum of money.

Spilt (imp. & p. p.) of Spill

Spilling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spill

Spill (v. t.) To cover or decorate with slender pieces of wood, metal, ivory, etc.; to inlay.

Spilled (imp. & p. p.) of Spill

Spilt () of Spill

Spilling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spill

Spill (v. t.) To destroy; to kill; to put an end to.

Spill (v. t.) To mar; to injure; to deface; hence, to destroy by misuse; to waste.

Spill (v. t.) To suffer to fall or run out of a vessel; to lose, or suffer to be scattered; -- applied to fluids and to substances whose particles are small and loose; as, to spill water from a pail; to spill quicksilver from a vessel; to spill powder from a paper; to spill sand or flour.

Spill (v. t.) To cause to flow out and be lost or wasted; to shed, or suffer to be shed, as in battle or in manslaughter; as, a man spills another's blood, or his own blood.

Spill (v. t.) To relieve a sail from the pressure of the wind, so that it can be more easily reefed or furled, or to lessen the strain.

Spill (v. i.) To be destroyed, ruined, or wasted; to come to ruin; to perish; to waste.

Spill (v. i.) To be shed; to run over; to fall out, and be lost or wasted.

Spiller (n.) One who, or that which, spills.

Spiller (n.) A kind of fishing line with many hooks; a boulter.

Spillet fishing () Alt. of Spilliard fishing

Spilliard fishing () A system or method of fishing by means of a number of hooks set on snoods all on one line; -- in North America, called trawl fishing, bultow, or bultow fishing, and long-line fishing.

Spillikin (n.) See Spilikin.

Spillway (n.) A sluiceway or passage for superfluous water in a reservoir, to prevent too great pressure on the dam.

Spilt () imp. & p. p. of Spill. Spilled.

Spilter (n.) Any one of the small branches on a stag's head.

Spilth (n.) Anything spilt, or freely poured out; slop; effusion.

Spun (imp. & p. p.) of Spin

Span (imp.) of Spin

Spinning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spin

Spin (v. t.) To draw out, and twist into threads, either by the hand or machinery; as, to spin wool, cotton, or flax; to spin goat's hair; to produce by drawing out and twisting a fibrous material.

Spin (v. t.) To draw out tediously; to form by a slow process, or by degrees; to extend to a great length; -- with out; as, to spin out large volumes on a subject.

Spin (v. t.) To protract; to spend by delays; as, to spin out the day in idleness.

Spin (v. t.) To cause to turn round rapidly; to whirl; to twirl; as, to spin a top.

Spin (v. t.) To form (a web, a cocoon, silk, or the like) from threads produced by the extrusion of a viscid, transparent liquid, which hardens on coming into contact with the air; -- said of the spider, the silkworm, etc.

Spin (v. t.) To shape, as malleable sheet metal, into a hollow form, by bending or buckling it by pressing against it with a smooth hand tool or roller while the metal revolves, as in a lathe.

Spin (v. i.) To practice spinning; to work at drawing and twisting threads; to make yarn or thread from fiber; as, the woman knows how to spin; a machine or jenny spins with great exactness.

Spin (v. i.) To move round rapidly; to whirl; to revolve, as a top or a spindle, about its axis.

Spin (v. i.) To stream or issue in a thread or a small current or jet; as, blood spinsfrom a vein.

Spin (v. i.) To move swifty; as, to spin along the road in a carriage, on a bicycle, etc.

Spin (n.) The act of spinning; as, the spin of a top; a spin a bicycle.

Spin (n.) Velocity of rotation about some specified axis.

Spina bifida () A congenital malformation in which the spinal column is cleft at its lower portion, and the membranes of the spinal cord project as an elastic swelling from the gap thus formed.

Spinaceous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the plant spinach, or the family of plants to which it belongs.

Spinach (n.) Alt. of Spinage

Spinage (n.) A common pot herb (Spinacia oleracea) belonging to the Goosefoot family.

Spinal (a.) Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the backbone, or vertebral column; rachidian; vertebral.

Spinal (a.) Of or pertaining to a spine or spines.

Spinate (a.) Bearing a spine; spiniform.

Spindle (n.) The long, round, slender rod or pin in spinning wheels by which the thread is twisted, and on which, when twisted, it is wound; also, the pin on which the bobbin is held in a spinning machine, or in the shuttle of a loom.

Spindle (n.) A slender rod or pin on which anything turns; an axis; as, the spindle of a vane.

Spindle (n.) The shaft, mandrel, or arbor, in a machine tool, as a lathe or drilling machine, etc., which causes the work to revolve, or carries a tool or center, etc.

Spindle (n.) The vertical rod on which the runner of a grinding mill turns.

Spindle (n.) A shaft or pipe on which a core of sand is formed.

Spindle (n.) The fusee of a watch.

Spindle (n.) A long and slender stalk resembling a spindle.

Spindle (n.) A yarn measure containing, in cotton yarn, 15,120 yards; in linen yarn, 14,400 yards.

Spindle (n.) A solid generated by the revolution of a curved line about its base or double ordinate or chord.

Spindle (n.) Any marine univalve shell of the genus Rostellaria; -- called also spindle stromb.

Spindle (n.) Any marine gastropod of the genus Fusus.

Spindled (imp. & p. p.) of Spindle

Spindling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spindle

Spindle (v. i.) To shoot or grow into a long, slender stalk or body; to become disproportionately tall and slender.

Spindle-legged (a.) Having long, slender legs.

Spindlelegs (n.) A spindleshanks.

Spindle-shanked (a.) Having long, slender legs.

Spindleshanks (n.) A person with slender shanks, or legs; -- used humorously or in contempt.

Spindle-shaped (a.) Having the shape of a spindle.

Spindle-shaped (a.) Thickest in the middle, and tapering to both ends; fusiform; -- applied chiefly to roots.

Spindletail (n.) The pintail duck.

Spindleworm (n.) The larva of a noctuid mmoth (Achatodes zeae) which feeds inside the stalks of corn (maize), sometimes causing much damage. It is smooth, with a black head and tail and a row of black dots across each segment.

Spindling (a.) Long and slender, or disproportionately tall and slender; as, a spindling tree; a spindling boy.

Spine (n.) A sharp appendage to any of a plant; a thorn.

Spine (n.) A rigid and sharp projection upon any part of an animal.

Spine (n.) One of the rigid and undivided fin rays of a fish.

Spine (n.) The backbone, or spinal column, of an animal; -- so called from the projecting processes upon the vertebrae.

Spine (n.) Anything resembling the spine or backbone; a ridge.

Spineback (n.) A fish having spines in, or in front of, the dorsal fins.

Spinebill (n.) Any species of Australian birds of the genus Acanthorhynchus. They are related to the honey eaters.

Spined (a.) Furnished with spines; spiny.

Spine-finned (a.) Having fine supported by spinous fin rays; -- said of certain fishes.

Spinel (n.) Alt. of Spinelle

Spinelle (n.) A mineral occuring in octahedrons of great hardness and various colors, as red, green, blue, brown, and black, the red variety being the gem spinel ruby. It consist essentially of alumina and magnesia, but commonly contains iron and sometimes also chromium.

Spinel (n.) Bleached yarn in making the linen tape called inkle; unwrought inkle.

Spineless (a.) Having no spine.

Spinescent (a.) Becoming hard and thorny; tapering gradually to a rigid, leafless point; armed with spines.

Spinet (n.) A keyed instrument of music resembling a harpsichord, but smaller, with one string of brass or steel wire to each note, sounded by means of leather or quill plectrums or jacks. It was formerly much used.

Spinet (n.) A spinny.

Spinetail (n.) Any one or several species of swifts of the genus Acanthylis, or Chaetura, and allied genera, in which the shafts of the tail feathers terminate in rigid spines.

Spinetail (n.) Any one of several species of South American and Central American clamatorial birds belonging to Synallaxis and allied genera of the family Dendrocolaptidae. They are allied to the ovenbirds.

Spinetail (n.) The ruddy duck.

Spine-tailed (a.) Having the tail quills ending in sharp, naked tips.

Spineted (a.) Slit; cleft.

Spiniferous (a.) Producing spines; bearing thorns or spines; thorny; spiny.

Spiniform (a.) Shaped like a spine.

Spinigerous (a.) Bearing a spine or spines; thorn-bearing.

Spininess (n.) Quality of being spiny.

Spinii-spirulate (a.) Having spines arranged spirally. See Spicule.

Spink (n.) The chaffinch.

Spinnaker (n.) A large triangular sail set upon a boom, -- used when running before the wind.

Spinner (n.) One who, or that which, spins one skilled in spinning; a spinning machine.

Spinner (n.) A spider.

Spinner (n.) A goatsucker; -- so called from the peculiar noise it makes when darting through the air.

Spinner (n.) A spinneret.

Spinneret (n.) One of the special jointed organs situated on the under side, and near the end, of the abdomen of spiders, by means of which they spin their webs. Most spiders have three pairs of spinnerets, but some have only two pairs. The ordinary silk line of the spider is composed of numerous smaller lines jointed after issuing from the spinnerets.

Spinnerule (n.) One of the numerous small spinning tubes on the spinnerets of spiders.

Spinneys (pl. ) of Spinney

Spinney (n.) Same as Spinny.

Spinning () a. & n. from Spin.

Spinnies (pl. ) of Spinny

Spinny (n.) A small thicket or grove with undergrowth; a clump of trees.

Spinny (a.) Thin and long; slim; slender.

Spinose (a.) Full of spines; armed with thorns; thorny.

Spinosity (n.) The quality or state of being spiny or thorny; spininess.

Spinous (a.) Spinose; thorny.

Spinous (a.) Having the form of a spine or thorn; spinelike.

Spinozism (n.) The form of Pantheism taught by Benedict Spinoza, that there is but one substance, or infinite essence, in the universe, of which the so-called material and spiritual beings and phenomena are only modes, and that one this one substance is God.

Spinozist (n.) A believer in Spinozism.

Spinster (n.) A woman who spins, or whose occupation is to spin.

Spinster (n.) A man who spins.

Spinster (n.) An unmarried or single woman; -- used in legal proceedings as a title, or addition to the surname.

Spinster (n.) A woman of evil life and character; -- so called from being forced to spin in a house of correction.

Spinstress (n.) A woman who spins.

Spinstry (n.) The business of one who spins; spinning.

Spinule (n.) A minute spine.

Spinulescent (a.) Having small spines; somewhat thorny.

Spinulose (a.) Alt. of Spinulous

Spinulous (a.) Covered with small spines.

Spiny (a.) Full of spines; thorny; as, a spiny tree.

Spiny (a.) Like a spine in shape; slender.

Spiny (a.) Fig.: Abounding with difficulties or annoyances.

Spiny (n.) See Spinny.

Spiodea (n. pl.) An extensive division of marine Annelida, including those that are without oral tentacles or cirri, and have the gills, when present, mostly arranged along the sides of the body. They generally live in burrows or tubes.

Spirable (a.) Capable of being breathed; respirable.

Spiracle (n.) The nostril, or one of the nostrils, of whales, porpoises, and allied animals.

Spiracle (n.) One of the external openings communicating with the air tubes or tracheae of insects, myriapods, and arachnids. They are variable in number, and are usually situated on the sides of the thorax and abdomen, a pair to a segment. These openings are usually elliptical, and capable of being closed. See Illust. under Coleoptera.

Spiracle (n.) A tubular orifice communicating with the gill cavity of certain ganoid and all elasmobranch fishes. It is the modified first gill cleft.

Spiracle (n.) Any small aperture or vent for air or other fluid.

Spiracular (a.) Of or pertaining to a spiracle.

Spiraea (n.) A genus of shrubs or perennial herbs including the meadowsweet and the hardhack.

Spiraeic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, the meadowsweet (Spiraea); formerly, designating an acid which is now called salicylic acid.

Spiral (a.) Winding or circling round a center or pole and gradually receding from it; as, the spiral curve of a watch spring.

Spiral (a.) Winding round a cylinder or imaginary axis, and at the same time rising or advancing forward; winding like the thread of a screw; helical.

Spiral (a.) Of or pertaining to a spiral; like a spiral.

Spiral (a.) A plane curve, not reentrant, described by a point, called the generatrix, moving along a straight line according to a mathematical law, while the line is revolving about a fixed point called the pole. Cf. Helix.

Spiral (a.) Anything which has a spiral form, as a spiral shell.

Spirality (n.) The quality or states of being spiral.

Spirally (adv.) In a spiral form, manner, or direction.

Spiralozooid (n.) One of the special defensive zooids of certain hydroids. They have the form of long, slender tentacles, and bear lasso cells.

Spirant (n.) A term used differently by different authorities; -- by some as equivalent to fricative, -- that is, as including all the continuous consonants, except the nasals m, n, ng; with the further exception, by others, of the liquids r, l, and the semivowels w, y; by others limited to f, v, th surd and sonant, and the sound of German ch, -- thus excluding the sibilants, as well as the nasals, liquids, and semivowels.

Spiranthy (n.) The occasional twisted growth of the parts of a flower.

Spiration (n.) The act of breathing.

Spire (v. i.) To breathe.

Spire (n.) A slender stalk or blade in vegetation; as, a spire grass or of wheat.

Spire (n.) A tapering body that shoots up or out to a point in a conical or pyramidal form. Specifically (Arch.), the roof of a tower when of a pyramidal form and high in proportion to its width; also, the pyramidal or aspiring termination of a tower which can not be said to have a roof, such as that of Strasburg cathedral; the tapering part of a steeple, or the steeple itself.

Spire (n.) A tube or fuse for communicating fire to the chargen in blasting.

Spire (n.) The top, or uppermost point, of anything; the summit.

Spired (imp. & p. p.) of Spire

Spiring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spire

Spire (v. i.) To shoot forth, or up in, or as if in, a spire.

Spire (n.) A spiral; a curl; a whorl; a twist.

Spire (n.) The part of a spiral generated in one revolution of the straight line about the pole. See Spiral, n.

Spired (a.) Having a spire; being in the form of a spire; as, a spired steeple.

Spiricle (n.) One of certain minute coiled threads in the coating of some seeds. When moistened these threads protrude in great numbers.

Spirifer (n.) Any one of numerous species of fossil brachipods of the genus Spirifer, or Delthyris, and allied genera, in which the long calcareous supports of the arms form a large spiral, or helix, on each side.

Spirillum (n.) A genus of common motile microorganisms (Spirobacteria) having the form of spiral-shaped filaments. One species is said to be the cause of relapsing fever.

Spiring (a.) Shooting up in a spire or spires.

Spirit (n.) Air set in motion by breathing; breath; hence, sometimes, life itself.

Spirit (n.) A rough breathing; an aspirate, as the letter h; also, a mark to denote aspiration; a breathing.

Spirit (n.) Life, or living substance, considered independently of corporeal existence; an intelligence conceived of apart from any physical organization or embodiment; vital essence, force, or energy, as distinct from matter.

Spirit (n.) The intelligent, immaterial and immortal part of man; the soul, in distinction from the body in which it resides; the agent or subject of vital and spiritual functions, whether spiritual or material.

Spirit (n.) Specifically, a disembodied soul; the human soul after it has left the body.

Spirit (n.) Any supernatural being, good or bad; an apparition; a specter; a ghost; also, sometimes, a sprite,; a fairy; an elf.

Spirit (n.) Energy, vivacity, ardor, enthusiasm, courage, etc.

Spirit (n.) One who is vivacious or lively; one who evinces great activity or peculiar characteristics of mind or temper; as, a ruling spirit; a schismatic spirit.

Spirit (n.) Temper or disposition of mind; mental condition or disposition; intellectual or moral state; -- often in the plural; as, to be cheerful, or in good spirits; to be downhearted, or in bad spirits.

Spirit (n.) Intent; real meaning; -- opposed to the letter, or to formal statement; also, characteristic quality, especially such as is derived from the individual genius or the personal character; as, the spirit of an enterprise, of a document, or the like.

Spirit (n.) Tenuous, volatile, airy, or vapory substance, possessed of active qualities.

Spirit (n.) Any liquid produced by distillation; especially, alcohol, the spirits, or spirit, of wine (it having been first distilled from wine): -- often in the plural.

Spirit (n.) Rum, whisky, brandy, gin, and other distilled liquors having much alcohol, in distinction from wine and malt liquors.

Spirit (n.) A solution in alcohol of a volatile principle. Cf. Tincture.

Spirit (n.) Any one of the four substances, sulphur, sal ammoniac, quicksilver, or arsenic (or, according to some, orpiment).

Spirit (n.) Stannic chloride. See under Stannic.

Spirited (imp. & p. p.) of Spirit

Spiriting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spirit

Spirit (v. t.) To animate with vigor; to excite; to encourage; to inspirit; as, civil dissensions often spirit the ambition of private men; -- sometimes followed by up.

Spirit (v. t.) To convey rapidly and secretly, or mysteriously, as if by the agency of a spirit; to kidnap; -- often with away, or off.

Spiritally (adv.) By means of the breath.

Spirited (a.) Animated or possessed by a spirit.

Spirited (a.) Animated; full of life or vigor; lively; full of spirit or fire; as, a spirited oration; a spirited answer.

Spiritful (a.) Full of spirit; spirited.

Spiritism (n.) Spiritualsm.

Spiritist (n.) A spiritualist.

Spiritless (a.) Destitute of spirit; wanting animation; wanting cheerfulness; dejected; depressed.

Spiritless (a.) Destitute of vigor; wanting life, courage, or fire.

Spiritless (a.) Having no breath; extinct; dead.

Spiritoso (a. & adv.) Spirited; spiritedly; -- a direction to perform a passage in an animated, lively manner.

Spiritous (a.) Like spirit; refined; defecated; pure.

Spiritous (a.) Ardent; active.

Spiritousness (n.) Quality of being spiritous.

Spiritual (a.) Consisting of spirit; not material; incorporeal; as, a spiritual substance or being.

Spiritual (a.) Of or pertaining to the intellectual and higher endowments of the mind; mental; intellectual.

Spiritual (a.) Of or pertaining to the moral feelings or states of the soul, as distinguished from the external actions; reaching and affecting the spirits.

Spiritual (a.) Of or pertaining to the soul or its affections as influenced by the Spirit; controlled and inspired by the divine Spirit; proceeding from the Holy Spirit; pure; holy; divine; heavenly-minded; -- opposed to carnal.

Spiritual (a.) Not lay or temporal; relating to sacred things; ecclesiastical; as, the spiritual functions of the clergy; lords spiritual and temporal; a spiritual corporation.

Spiritual (n.) A spiritual function, office, or affair. See Spirituality, 2.

Spiritualism (n.) The quality or state of being spiritual.

Spiritualism (n.) The doctrine, in opposition to the materialists, that all which exists is spirit, or soul -- that what is called the external world is either a succession of notions impressed on the mind by the Deity, as maintained by Berkeley, or else the mere educt of the mind itself, as taught by Fichte.

Spiritualism (n.) A belief that departed spirits hold intercourse with mortals by means of physical phenomena, as by rappng, or during abnormal mental states, as in trances, or the like, commonly manifested through a person of special susceptibility, called a medium; spiritism; the doctrines and practices of spiritualists.

Spiritualist (n.) One who professes a regard for spiritual things only; one whose employment is of a spiritual character; an ecclesiastic.

Spiritualist (n.) One who maintains the doctrine of spiritualism.

Spiritualist (n.) One who believes in direct intercourse with departed spirits, through the agency of persons commonly called mediums, by means of physical phenomena; one who attempts to maintain such intercourse; a spiritist.

Spiritualist (a.) Spiritualistic.

Spiritualistic (a.) Relating to, or connected with, spiritualism.

Spiritualities (pl. ) of Spirituality

Spirituality (n.) The quality or state of being spiritual; incorporeality; heavenly-mindedness.

Spirituality (n.) That which belongs to the church, or to a person as an ecclesiastic, or to religion, as distinct from temporalities.

Spirituality (n.) An ecclesiastical body; the whole body of the clergy, as distinct from, or opposed to, the temporality.

Spiritualization (n.) The act of spiritualizing, or the state of being spiritualized.

Spiritualized (imp. & p. p.) of Spiritualize

Spiritualizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spiritualize

Spiritualize (v. t.) To refine intellectiually or morally; to purify from the corrupting influence of the world; to give a spiritual character or tendency to; as, to spiritualize soul.

Spiritualize (v. t.) To give a spiritual meaning to; to take in a spiritual sense; -- opposed to literalize.

Spiritualize (v. t.) To extract spirit from; also, to convert into, or impregnate with, spirit.

Spiritualizer (n.) One who spiritualizes.

Spiritually (adv.) In a spiritual manner; with purity of spirit; like a spirit.

Spiritual-minded (a.) Having the mind set on spiritual things, or filled with holy desires and affections.

Spiritualness (n.) The quality or state of being spiritual or spiritual-minded; spirituality.

Spiritualty (n.) An ecclesiastical body; a spirituality.

Spiritielle (a.) Of the nature, or having the appearance, of a spirit; pure; refined; ethereal.

Spirituosity (n.) The quality or state of being spirituous; spirituousness.

Spirituous (a.) Having the quality of spirit; tenuous in substance, and having active powers or properties; ethereal; immaterial; spiritual; pure.

Spirituous (a.) Containing, or of the nature of, alcoholic (esp. distilled) spirit; consisting of refined spirit; alcoholic; ardent; as, spirituous liquors.

Spirituous (a.) Lively; gay; vivid; airy.

Spirituousness (n.) The quality or state of being spirituous.

Spirketing (n.) The planking from the waterways up to the port sills.

Spirling (n.) Sparling.

Spirobacteria (n. pl.) See the Note under Microbacteria.

Spirochaeta (n.) Alt. of Spirochaete

Spirochaete (n.) A genus of Spirobacteria similar to Spirillum, but distinguished by its motility. One species, the Spirochaete Obermeyeri, is supposed to be the cause of relapsing fever.

Spirograph (n.) An instrument for recording the respiratory movements, as the sphygmograph does those of the pulse.

Spirometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the vital capacity of the lungs, or the volume of air which can be expelled from the chest after the deepest possible inspiration. Cf. Pneumatometer.

Spirometry (n.) The act or process of measuring the chest capacity by means of a spirometer.

Spiroscope (n.) A wet meter used to determine the breathing capacity of the lungs.

Spiroylic (a.) Alt. of Spiroylous

Spiroylous (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, a substance now called salicylal.

Spirt (v. & n.) Same as Spurt.

Spirtle (v. t.) To spirt in a scattering manner.

Spirula (n.) A genus of cephalopods having a multilocular, internal, siphunculated shell in the form of a flat spiral, the coils of which are not in contact.

Spirulate (n.) Having the color spots, or structural parts, arranged spirally.

Spiry (a.) Of a spiral form; wreathed; curled; serpentine.

Spiry (a.) Of or pertaining to a spire; like a spire, tall, slender, and tapering; abounding in spires; as, spiry turrets.

Spiss (a.) Thick; crowded; compact; dense.

Spissated (a.) Rendered dense or compact, as by evaporation; inspissated; thickened.

Spissitude (n.) The quality or state of being spissated; as, the spissitude of coagulated blood, or of any coagulum.

Spit (n.) A long, slender, pointed rod, usually of iron, for holding meat while roasting.

Spit (n.) A small point of land running into the sea, or a long, narrow shoal extending from the shore into the sea; as, a spit of sand.

Spit (n.) The depth to which a spade goes in digging; a spade; a spadeful.

Spitted (imp. & p. p.) of Spit

Spitting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spit

Spit (n.) To thrust a spit through; to fix upon a spit; hence, to thrust through or impale; as, to spit a loin of veal.

Spit (n.) To spade; to dig.

Spit (v. i.) To attend to a spit; to use a spit.

Spit (imp. & p. p.) of Spit

Spat () of Spit

Spitting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spit

Spit (n.) To eject from the mouth; to throw out, as saliva or other matter, from the mouth.

Spit (n.) To eject; to throw out; to belch.

Spit (n.) The secretion formed by the glands of the mouth; spitle; saliva; sputum.

Spit (v. i.) To throw out saliva from the mouth.

Spit (v. i.) To rain or snow slightly, or with sprinkles.

Spital (n.) A hospital.

Spitalhouse (n.) A hospital.

Spitball (n.) Paper chewed, and rolled into a ball, to be thrown as a missile.

Spitbox (n.) A vessel to receive spittle.

Spitchcock (v. t.) To split (as an eel) lengthwise, and broil it, or fry it in hot fat.

Spitchcock (n.) An eel split and broiled.

Spitchcocked (a.) Broiled or fried after being split lengthwise; -- said of eels.

Spit curl () A little lock of hair, plastered in a spiral form on the temple or forehead with spittle, or other adhesive substance.

Spite (n.) Ill-will or hatred toward another, accompanied with the disposition to irritate, annoy, or thwart; petty malice; grudge; rancor; despite.

Spite (n.) Vexation; chargrin; mortification.

Spited (imp. & p. p.) of Spite

Spiting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spite

Spite (v. t.) To be angry at; to hate.

Spite (v. t.) To treat maliciously; to try to injure or thwart.

Spite (v. t.) To fill with spite; to offend; to vex.

Spiteful (a.) Filled with, or showing, spite; having a desire to vex, annoy, or injure; malignant; malicious; as, a spiteful person or act.

Spitfire (n.) A violent, irascible, or passionate person.

Spitfuls (pl. ) of Spitful

Spitful (n.) A spadeful.

Spitous (a.) Having spite; spiteful.

Spitously (adv.) Spitefully.

Spitscocked (a.) Spitchcocked.

Spitted (a.) Put upon a spit; pierced as if by a spit.

Spitted (a.) Shot out long; -- said of antlers.

Spitted () p. p. of Spit, v. i., to eject, to spit.

Spitter (n.) One who ejects saliva from the mouth.

Spitter (n.) One who puts meat on a spit.

Spitter (n.) A young deer whose antlers begin to shoot or become sharp; a brocket, or pricket.

Spittle (n.) See Spital.

Spittle (v. t.) To dig or stir with a small spade.

Spittle (n.) A small sort of spade.

Spittle (n.) The thick, moist matter which is secreted by the salivary glands; saliva; spit.

Spittly (a.) Like spittle; slimy.

Spittoon (n.) A spitbox; a cuspidor.

Spit-venom (n.) Poison spittle; poison ejected from the mouth.

Spitz dog () A breed of dogs having erect ears and long silky hair, usually white; -- called also Pomeranian dog, and louploup.

Spitzenburgh (n.) A kind of red and yellow apple, of medium size and spicy flavor. It originated at Newtown, on Long Island.

Splanchnapophyses (pl. ) of Splanchnapophysis

Splanchnapophysis (n.) Any element of the skeleton in relation with the alimentary canal, as the jaws and hyoidean apparatus.

Splanchnic (a.) Of or pertaining to the viscera; visceral.

Splanchnography (n.) Splanchnology.

Splanchnology (n.) That part of anatomy which treats of the viscera; also, a treatise on the viscera.

Splanchnopleure (n.) The inner, or visceral, one of the two lamellae into which the vertebrate blastoderm divides on either side of the notochord, and from which the walls of the enteric canal and the umbilical vesicle are developed. See Somatopleure.

Splanchno-skeleton (n.) That part of the skeleton connected with the sense organs and the viscera.

Splanchnotomy (n.) The dissection, or anatomy, of the viscera.

Splandrel (n.) See Spandrel.

Splashed (imp. & p. p.) of Splash

Splashing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Splash

Splash (v. t.) To strike and dash about, as water, mud, etc.; to plash.

Splash (v. t.) To spatter water, mud, etc., upon; to wet.

Splash (v. i.) To strike and dash about water, mud, etc.; to dash in such a way as to spatter.

Splash (n.) Water, or water and dirt, thrown upon anything, or thrown from a puddle or the like; also, a spot or daub, as of matter which wets or disfigures.

Splash (n.) A noise made by striking upon or in a liquid.

Splashboard (n.) A guard in the front part of vehicle, to prevent splashing by a mud or water from the horse's heels; -- in the United States commonly called dashboard.

Splasher (n.) One who, or that which, splashes.

Splasher (n.) One of the guarde over the wheels, as of a carriage, locomotive, etc.

Splasher (n.) A guard to keep off splashes from anything.

Splashy (a.) Full of dirty water; wet and muddy, so as be easily splashed about; slushy.

Splatter (v. i. & t.) To spatter; to splash.

Splatterdash (n .) Uproar.

Splay (v. t.) To display; to spread.

Splay (v. t.) To dislocate, as a shoulder bone.

Splay (v. t.) To spay; to castrate.

Splay (v. t.) To turn on one side; to render oblique; to slope or slant, as the side of a door, window, etc.

Splay (a.) Displayed; spread out; turned outward; hence, flat; ungainly; as, splay shoulders.

Splay (a.) A slope or bevel, especially of the sides of a door or window, by which the opening is made larged at one face of the wall than at the other, or larger at each of the faces than it is between them.

Splayfeet (pl. ) of Splayfoot

Splayfoot (n.) A foot that is abnormally flattened and spread out; flat foot.

Splayfoot (a.) Alt. of Splayfooted

Splayfooted (a.) Having a splayfoot or splayfeet.

Splaymouths (pl. ) of Splaymouth

Splaymouth (n.) A wide mouth; a mouth stretched in derision.

Splaymouthed (a.) Having a splaymouth.

Spleen (n.) A peculiar glandlike but ductless organ found near the stomach or intestine of most vertebrates and connected with the vascular system; the milt. Its exact function in not known.

Spleen (n.) Anger; latent spite; ill humor; malice; as, to vent one's spleen.

Spleen (n.) A fit of anger; choler.

Spleen (n.) A sudden motion or action; a fit; a freak; a whim.

Spleen (n.) Melancholy; hypochondriacal affections.

Spleen (n.) A fit of immoderate laughter or merriment.

Spleen (v. t.) To dislke.

Spleened (a.) Deprived of the spleen.

Spleened (a.) Angered; annoyed.

Spleenful (a.) Displaying, or affected with, spleen; angry; fretful; melancholy.

Spleenish (a.) Spleeny; affected with spleen; fretful.

Spleenless (a.) Having no spleen; hence, kind; gentle; mild.

Spleenwort (n.) Any fern of the genus Asplenium, some species of which were anciently used as remedies for disorders of the spleen.

Spleeny (a.) Irritable; peevish; fretful.

Spleeny (a.) Affected with nervous complaints; melancholy.

Spleget (n.) A cloth dipped in a liquid for washing a sore.

Splenalgia (n.) Pain over the region of the spleen.

Splenculi (pl. ) of Splenculus

Splenculus (n.) A lienculus.

Splendent (a.) Shining; glossy; beaming with light; lustrous; as, splendent planets; splendent metals. See the Note under 3d Luster, 4.

Splendent (a.) Very conspicuous; illustrious.

Splendid (a.) Possessing or displaying splendor; shining; very bright; as, a splendid sun.

Splendid (a.) Showy; magnificent; sumptuous; pompous; as, a splendid palace; a splendid procession or pageant.

Splendid (a.) Illustrious; heroic; brilliant; celebrated; famous; as, a splendid victory or reputation.

Splendidious (a.) Splendid.

Splendidly (adv.) In a splendid manner; magnificently.

Splendidness (n.) The quality of being splendid.

Splendidous (a.) Splendid.

Splendiferous (a.) Splendor-bearing; splendid.

Splendor (n.) Great brightness; brilliant luster; brilliancy; as, the splendor ot the sun.

Splendor (n.) Magnifience; pomp; parade; as, the splendor of equipage, ceremonies, processions, and the like.

Splendor (n.) Brilliancy; glory; as, the splendor of a victory.

Splendrous (a.) Alt. of Splendorous

Splendorous (a.) Splendid.

Splenetic (a.) Affected with spleen; malicious; spiteful; peevish; fretful.

Splenetic (n.) A person affected with spleen.

Splenetical (a.) Splenetic.

Splenetically (adv.) In a splenetical manner.

Splenial (a.) Designating the splenial bone.

Splenial (a.) Of or pertaining to the splenial bone or splenius muscle.

Splenial (n.) The splenial bone.

Splenic (a.) Of or pertaining to the spleen; lienal; as, the splenic vein.

Splenical (a.) Splenic.

Splenish (a.) Spleenish.

Splenitis (n.) Inflammation of the spleen.

Splenitive (a.) Splenetic.

Splenium (n.) The thickened posterior border of the corpus callosum; -- so called in allusion to its shape.

Splenius (n.) A flat muscle of the back of the neck.

Splenization (n.) A morbid state of the lung produced by inflammation, in which its tissue resembles that of the spleen.

Splenocele (n.) Hernia formed by the spleen.

Splenography (n.) A description of the spleen.

Splenoid (a.) Resembling the spleen; spleenlike.

Splenology (n.) The branch of science which treats of the spleen.

Splenotomy (n.) Dissection or anatomy of the spleen.

Splenotomy (n.) An incision into the spleen; removal of the spleen by incision.

Splent (n.) See Splent.

Splent (n.) See Splent coal, below.

Spleuchan (n.) A pouch, as for tobacco.

Spliced (imp. & p. p.) of Splice

Splicing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Splice

Splice (v. t.) To unite, as two ropes, or parts of a rope, by a particular manner of interweaving the strands, -- the union being between two ends, or between an end and the body of a rope.

Splice (v. t.) To unite, as spars, timbers, rails, etc., by lapping the two ends together, or by applying a piece which laps upon the two ends, and then binding, or in any way making fast.

Splice (v. t.) To unite in marrige.

Splice (n.) A junction or joining made by splicing.

Spline (n.) A rectangular piece fitting grooves like key seats in a hub and a shaft, so that while the one may slide endwise on the other, both must revolve together; a feather; also, sometimes, a groove to receive such a rectangular piece.

Spline (n.) A long, flexble piece of wood sometimes used as a ruler.

Splining (a.) Of or pertaining to a spline.

Splint (v. t.) A piece split off; a splinter.

Splint (v. t.) A thin piece of wood, or other substance, used to keep in place, or protect, an injured part, especially a broken bone when set.

Splint (v. t.) A splint bone.

Splint (v. t.) A disease affecting the splint bones, as a callosity or hard excrescence.

Splint (v. t.) One of the small plates of metal used in making splint armor. See Splint armor, below.

Splint (v. t.) Splint, or splent, coal. See Splent coal, under Splent.

Splinted (imp. & p. p.) of Splint

Splinting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Splint

Splint (v. t.) To split into splints, or thin, slender pieces; to splinter; to shiver.

Splint (v. t.) To fasten or confine with splints, as a broken limb. See Splint, n., 2.

Splintered (imp. & p. p.) of Splinter

Splintering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Splinter

Splinter (n.) To split or rend into long, thin pieces; to shiver; as, the lightning splinters a tree.

Splinter (n.) To fasten or confine with splinters, or splints, as a broken limb.

Splinter (v. i.) To become split into long pieces.

Splinter (n.) A thin piece split or rent off lengthwise, as from wood, bone, or other solid substance; a thin piece; a sliver; as, splinters of a ship's mast rent off by a shot.

Splinterproof (a.) Proof against the splinters, or fragments, of bursting shells.

Splintery (a.) Consisting of splinters; resembling splinters; as, the splintery fracture of a mineral.

Split (imp. & p. p.) of Split

Splitted () of Split

Splitting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Split

Split (v. t.) To divide lengthwise; to separate from end to end, esp. by force; to divide in the direction of the grain layers; to rive; to cleave; as, to split a piece of timber or a board; to split a gem; to split a sheepskin.

Split (v. t.) To burst; to rupture; to rend; to tear asunder.

Split (v. t.) To divide or break up into parts or divisions, as by discord; to separate into parts or parties, as a political party; to disunite.

Split (v. t.) To divide or separate into components; -- often used with up; as, to split up sugar into alcohol and carbonic acid.

Split (v. i.) To part asunder; to be rent; to burst; as, vessels split by the freezing of water in them.

Split (v. i.) To be broken; to be dashed to pieces.

Split (v. i.) To separate into parties or factions.

Split (v. i.) To burst with laughter.

Split (v. i.) To divulge a secret; to betray confidence; to peach.

Split (v. i.) to divide one hand of blackjack into two hands, allowed when the first two cards dealt to a player have the same value.

Split (n.) A crack, or longitudinal fissure.

Split (n.) A breach or separation, as in a political party; a division.

Split (n.) A piece that is split off, or made thin, by splitting; a splinter; a fragment.

Split (n.) Specif (Leather Manuf.), one of the sections of a skin made by dividing it into two or more thicknesses.

Split (n.) A division of a stake happening when two cards of the kind on which the stake is laid are dealt in the same turn.

Split (n.) the substitution of more than one share of a corporation's stock for one share. The market price of the stock usually drops in proportion to the increase in outstanding shares of stock. The split may be in any ratio, as a two-for-one split; a three-for-two split.

Split (n.) the division by a player of one hand of blackjack into two hands, allowed when the first two cards dealt to a player have the same value; the player is usually obliged to increase the amount wagered by placing a sum equal to the original bet on the new hand thus created.

Split (a.) Divided; cleft.

Split (a.) Divided deeply; cleft.

Splitfeet (n. pl.) The Fissipedia.

Split-tail (n.) A california market fish (Pogonichthys macrolepidotus) belonging to the Carp family.

Split-tail (n.) The pintail duck.

Splitter (n.) One who, or that which, splits.

Split-tongued (a.) Having a forked tongue, as that of snakes and some lizards.

Splotch (n.) A spot; a stain; a daub.

Splotchy (a.) Covered or marked with splotches.

Splurge (n.) A blustering demonstration, or great effort; a great display.

Splurge (v. i.) To make a great display in any way, especially in oratory.

Spluttered (imp. & p. p.) of Splutter

Spluttering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Splutter

Splutter (v. i.) To speak hastily and confusedly; to sputter.

Splutter (n.) A confused noise, as of hasty speaking.

Splutterer (n.) One who splutters.

Spodomancy (n.) Divination by means of ashes.

Spodomantic (a.) Relating to spodomancy, or divination by means of ashes.

Spodumene (n.) A mineral of a white to yellowish, purplish, or emerald-green color, occuring in prismatic crystals, often of great size. It is a silicate of aluminia and lithia. See Hiddenite.

Spoffish (a.) Earnest and active in matters of no moment; bustling.

Spoiled (imp. & p. p.) of Spoil

Spoilt () of Spoil

Spoiling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spoil

Spoil (v. t.) To plunder; to strip by violence; to pillage; to rob; -- with of before the name of the thing taken; as, to spoil one of his goods or possession.

Spoil (v. t.) To seize by violence;; to take by force; to plunder.

Spoil (v. t.) To cause to decay and perish; to corrput; to vitiate; to mar.

Spoil (v. t.) To render useless by injury; to injure fatally; to ruin; to destroy; as, to spoil paper; to have the crops spoiled by insects; to spoil the eyes by reading.

Spoil (v. i.) To practice plunder or robbery.

Spoil (v. i.) To lose the valuable qualities; to be corrupted; to decay; as, fruit will soon spoil in warm weather.

Spoil (n.) That which is taken from another by violence; especially, the plunder taken from an enemy; pillage; booty.

Spoil (n.) Public offices and their emoluments regarded as the peculiar property of a successful party or faction, to be bestowed for its own advantage; -- commonly in the plural; as to the victor belong the spoils.

Spoil (n.) That which is gained by strength or effort.

Spoil (n.) The act or practice of plundering; robbery; aste.

Spoil (n.) Corruption; cause of corruption.

Spoil (n.) The slough, or cast skin, of a serpent or other animal.

Spoilable (a.) Capable of being spoiled.

Spoiler (n.) One who spoils; a plunderer; a pillager; a robber; a despoiler.

Spoiler (n.) One who corrupts, mars, or renders useless.

Spoilfive (n.) A certain game at cards in which, if no player wins three of the five tricks possible on any deal, the game is said to be spoiled.

Spoilful (a.) Wasteful; rapacious.

Spoilsmen (pl. ) of Spoilsman

Spoilsman (n.) One who serves a cause or a party for a share of the spoils; in United States politics, one who makes or recognizes a demand for public office on the ground of partisan service; also, one who sanctions such a policy in appointments to the public service.

Spoilsmonger (n.) One who promises or distributes public offices and their emoluments as the price of services to a party or its leaders.

Spoke () imp. of Speak.

Spoke (n.) The radius or ray of a wheel; one of the small bars which are inserted in the hub, or nave, and which serve to support the rim or felly.

Spoke (n.) A projecting handle of a steering wheel.

Spoke (n.) A rung, or round, of a ladder.

Spoke (n.) A contrivance for fastening the wheel of a vehicle, to prevent it from turning in going down a hill.

Spoked (imp. & p. p.) of Spoke

Spoking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spoke

Spoke (v. t.) To furnish with spokes, as a wheel.

Spoken (a.) Uttered in speech; delivered by word of mouth; oral; as, a spoken narrative; the spoken word.

Spoken (a.) Characterized by a certain manner or style in speaking; -- often in composition; as, a pleasant-spoken man.

Spokeshave (n.) A kind of drawing knife or planing tool for dressing the spokes of wheels, the shells of blocks, and other curved work.

Spokesmen (pl. ) of Spokesman

Spokesman (n.) One who speaks for another.

Spoliated (imp. & p. p.) of Spoliate

Spoliating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spoliate

Spoliate (v. t.) To plunder; to pillage; to despoil; to rob.

Spoliation (v. t.) The act of plundering; robbery; deprivation; despoliation.

Spoliation (v. t.) Robbery or plunder in war; especially, the authorized act or practice of plundering neutrals at sea.

Spoliation (v. t.) The act of an incumbent in taking the fruits of his benefice without right, but under a pretended title.

Spoliation (v. t.) A process for possession of a church in a spiritual court.

Spoliation (v. t.) Injury done to a document.

Spoliative (a.) Serving to take away, diminish, or rob; esp. (Med.), serving to diminish sensibily the amount of blood in the body; as, spoliative bloodletting.

Spoliator (n.) One who spoliates; a spoiler.

Spoliatory (a.) Tending to spoil; destructive; spoliative.

Spondaic (a.) Alt. of Spondaical

Spondaical (a.) Or of pertaining to a spondee; consisting of spondees.

Spondaical (a.) Containing spondees in excess; marked by spondees; as, a spondaic hexameter, i. e., one which has a spondee instead of a dactyl in the fifth foot.

Spondee (n.) A poetic foot of two long syllables, as in the Latin word leges.

Spondulics (n.) Money.

Spondyl (n.) Alt. of Spondyle

Spondyle (n.) A joint of the backbone; a vertebra.

Spong (n.) An irregular, narrow, projecting part of a field.

Sponge (n.) Any one of numerous species of Spongiae, or Porifera. See Illust. and Note under Spongiae.

Sponge (n.) The elastic fibrous skeleton of many species of horny Spongiae (keratosa), used for many purposes, especially the varieties of the genus Spongia. The most valuable sponges are found in the Mediterranean and the Red Sea, and on the coasts of Florida and the West Indies.

Sponge (n.) One who lives upon others; a pertinaceous and indolent dependent; a parasite; a sponger.

Sponge (n.) Any spongelike substance.

Sponge (n.) Dough before it is kneaded and formed into loaves, and after it is converted into a light, spongy mass by the agency of the yeast or leaven.

Sponge (n.) Iron from the puddling furnace, in a pasty condition.

Sponge (n.) Iron ore, in masses, reduced but not melted or worked.

Sponge (n.) A mop for cleaning the bore of a cannon after a discharge. It consists of a cylinder of wood, covered with sheepskin with the wool on, or cloth with a heavy looped nap, and having a handle, or staff.

Sponge (n.) The extremity, or point, of a horseshoe, answering to the heel.

Sponged (imp. & p. p.) of Sponge

Sponging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sponge

Sponge (v. t.) To cleanse or wipe with a sponge; as, to sponge a slate or a cannon; to wet with a sponge; as, to sponge cloth.

Sponge (v. t.) To wipe out with a sponge, as letters or writing; to efface; to destroy all trace of.

Sponge (v. t.) Fig.: To deprive of something by imposition.

Sponge (v. t.) Fig.: To get by imposition or mean arts without cost; as, to sponge a breakfast.

Sponge (v. i.) To suck in, or imbile, as a sponge.

Sponge (v. i.) Fig.: To gain by mean arts, by intrusion, or hanging on; as, an idler sponges on his neighbor.

Sponge (v. i.) To be converted, as dough, into a light, spongy mass by the agency of yeast, or leaven.

Spongelet (n.) See Spongiole.

Spongeous (a.) Resembling sponge; having the nature or qualities of sponge.

Sponger (n.) One who sponges, or uses a sponge.

Sponger (n.) One employed in gathering sponges.

Sponger (n.) Fig.: A parasitical dependent; a hanger-on.

Spongiae (n. pl.) The grand division of the animal kingdom which includes the sponges; -- called also Spongida, Spongiaria, Spongiozoa, and Porifera.

Spongida (n. pl.) Spongiae.

Spongiform (a.) Resembling a sponge; soft and porous; porous.

Spongilla (n.) A genus of siliceous spongea found in fresh water.

Spongin (n.) The chemical basis of sponge tissue, a nitrogenous, hornlike substance which on decomposition with sulphuric acid yields leucin and glycocoll.

Sponginess (n.) The quality or state of being spongy.

Sponging () a. & n. from Sponge, v.

Spongiole (n.) A supposed spongelike expansion of the tip of a rootlet for absorbing water; -- called also spongelet.

Spongiolite (n.) One of the microsporic siliceous spicules which occur abundantly in the texture of sponges, and are sometimes found fossil, as in flints.

Spongiopilin (n.) A kind of cloth interwoven with small pieces of sponge and rendered waterproof on one side by a covering of rubber. When moistend with hot water it is used as a poultice.

Spongiose (a.) Alt. of Spongious

Spongious (a.) Somewhat spongy; spongelike; full of small cavities like sponge; as, spongious bones.

Spongiozoa (n. pl.) See Sponglae.

Spongoblast (n.) One of the cells which, in sponges, secrete the spongin, or the material of the horny fibers.

Spongoid (a.) Resembling sponge; like sponge.

Spongy (a.) Soft, and full of cavities; of an open, loose, pliable texture; as, a spongy excrescence; spongy earth; spongy cake; spongy bones.

Spongy (a.) Wet; drenched; soaked and soft, like sponge; rainy.

Spongy (a.) Having the quality of imbibing fluids, like a sponge.

Sponk (n.) See Spunk.

Sponsal (a.) Relating to marriage, or to a spouse; spousal.

Sponsible (a.) responsible; worthy of credit.

Sponsion (n.) The act of becoming surety for another.

Sponsion (n.) An act or engagement on behalf of a state, by an agent not specially authorized for the purpose, or by one who exceeds the limits of authority.

Sponsional (a.) Of or pertaining to a pledge or agreement; responsible.

Sponson (n.) One of the triangular platforms in front of, and abaft, the paddle boxes of a steamboat.

Sponson (n.) One of the slanting supports under the guards of a steamboat.

Sponson (n.) One of the armored projections fitted with gun ports, used on modern war vessels.

Sponsor (n.) One who binds himself to answer for another, and is responsible for his default; a surety.

Sponsor (n.) One who at the baptism of an infant professore the christian faith in its name, and guarantees its religious education; a godfather or godmother.

Spnsorial (a.) Pertaining to a sponsor.

Sponsorship (n.) State of being a sponsor.

Spontaneities (pl. ) of Spontaneity

Spontaneity (n.) The quality or state of being spontaneous, or acting from native feeling, proneness, or temperament, without constraint or external force.

Spontaneity (n.) The tendency to undergo change, characteristic of both animal and vegetable organisms, and not restrained or cheked by the environment.

Spontaneity (n.) The tendency to activity of muscular tissue, including the voluntary muscles, when in a state of healthful vigor and refreshment.

Spontaneous (a.) Proceding from natural feeling, temperament, or disposition, or from a native internal proneness, readiness, or tendency, without constraint; as, a spontaneous gift or proportion.

Spontaneous (a.) Proceeding from, or acting by, internal impulse, energy, or natural law, without external force; as, spontaneous motion; spontaneous growth.

Spontaneous (a.) Produced without being planted, or without human labor; as, a spontaneous growth of wood.

Spontoon (n.) A kind of half-pike, or halberd, formerly borne by inferior officers of the British infantry, and used in giving signals to the soldiers.

Spook (n.) A spirit; a ghost; an apparition; a hobgoblin.

Spook (n.) The chimaera.

Spool (n.) A piece of cane or red with a knot at each end, or a hollow cylinder of wood with a ridge at each end, used to wind thread or yarn upon.

Spooled (imp. & p. p.) of Spool

Spooling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spool

Spool (v. t.) To wind on a spool or spools.

Spooler (n.) One who, or that which, spools.

Spoom (v. i.) To be driven steadily and swiftly, as before a strong wind; to be driven before the wind without any sail, or with only a part of the sails spread; to scud under bare poles.

Spoon (v. i.) See Spoom.

Spoon (n.) An implement consisting of a small bowl (usually a shallow oval) with a handle, used especially in preparing or eating food.

Spoon (n.) Anything which resembles a spoon in shape; esp. (Fishing), a spoon bait.

Spoon (n.) Fig.: A simpleton; a spooney.

Spoon (v. t.) To take up in, or as in, a spoon.

Spoon (v. i.) To act with demonstrative or foolish fondness, as one in love.

Spoonbill (n.) Any one of several species of wading birds of the genera Ajaja and Platalea, and allied genera, in which the long bill is broadly expanded and flattened at the tip.

Spoonbill (n.) The shoveler. See Shoveler, 2.

Spoonbill (n.) The ruddy duck. See under Ruddy.

Spoonbill (n.) The paddlefish.

Spoon-billed (a.) Having the bill expanded and spatulate at the end.

Spoondrift (n.) Spray blown from the tops waves during a gale at sea; also, snow driven in the wind at sea; -- written also spindrift.

Spooney (a.) Weak-minded; demonstratively fond; as, spooney lovers.

Spooneye (pl. ) of Spooney

Spooney (n.) A weak-minded or silly person; one who is foolishly fond.

Spoonfuls (pl. ) of Spoonful

Spoonful (n.) The quantity which a spoon contains, or is able to contain; as, a teaspoonful; a tablespoonful.

Spoonful (n.) Hence, a small quantity.

Spoonily (adv.) In a spoony manner.

Spoon-meat (n.) Food that is, or must be, taken with a spoon; liquid food.

Spoonwood (n.) The mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia).

Spoonworm (n.) A gephyrean worm of the genus Thalassema, having a spoonlike probiscis.

Spoonwort (n.) Scurvy grass.

Spoony (a. & n.) Same as Spooney.

Spoor (n.) The track or trail of any wild animal; as, the spoor of an elephant; -- used originally by travelers in South Africa.

Spoor (v. i.) To follow a spoor or trail.

Sporades (n. pl.) Stars not included in any constellation; -- called also informed, or unformed, stars.

Sporadial (a.) Sporadic.

Sporadic (a.) Occuring singly, or apart from other things of the same kind, or in scattered instances; separate; single; as, a sporadic fireball; a sporadic case of disease; a sporadic example of a flower.

Sporadical (a.) Sporadic.

Sporadically (adv.) In a sporadic manner.

Sporangiophore (n.) The axis or receptacle in certain ferns (as Trichomanes), which bears the sporangia.

Sporangia (pl. ) of Sporangium

Sporangium (n.) A spore case in the cryptogamous plants, as in ferns, etc.

Spore (n.) One of the minute grains in flowerless plants, which are analogous to seeds, as serving to reproduce the species.

Spore (n.) An embryo sac or embryonal vesicle in the ovules of flowering plants.

Spore (n.) A minute grain or germ; a small, round or ovoid body, formed in certain organisms, and by germination giving rise to a new organism; as, the reproductive spores of bacteria, etc.

Spore (n.) One of the parts formed by fission in certain Protozoa. See Spore formation, belw.

Sporid (n.) A sporidium.

Sporidiferous (a.) Bearing sporidia.

Sporidia (pl. ) of Sporidium

Sporidium (n.) A secondary spore, or a filament produced from a spore, in certain kinds of minute fungi.

Sporidium (n.) A spore.

Sporiferous (a.) Bearing or producing spores.

Sporification (n.) Spore formation. See Spore formation (b), under Spore.

Sporocarp (n.) A closed body or conceptacle containing one or more masses of spores or sporangia.

Sporocarp (n.) A sporangium.

Sporocyst (n.) An asexual zooid, usually forming one of a series of larval forms in the agamic reproduction of various trematodes and other parasitic worms. The sporocyst generally develops from an egg, but in its turn produces other larvae by internal budding, or by the subdivision of a part or all of its contents into a number of minute germs. See Redia.

Sporocyst (n.) Any protozoan when it becomes encysted produces germs by sporulation.

Sporogenesis (n.) reproduction by spores.

Sporogony (n.) The growth or development of an animal or a zooid from a nonsexual germ.

Sporophore (n.) A placenta.

Sporophore (n.) That alternately produced form of certain cryptogamous plants, as ferns, mosses, and the like, which is nonsexual, but produces spores in countless numbers. In ferns it is the leafy plant, in mosses the capsule. Cf. Oophore.

Sporophoric (a.) Having the nature of a sporophore.

Sporosac (n.) A hydrozoan reproductive zooid or gonophore which does not become medusoid in form or structure. See Illust. under Athecata.

Sporosac (n.) An early or simple larval stage of trematode worms and some other invertebrates, which is capable or reproducing other germs by asexual generation; a nurse; a redia.

Sporozoa (n. pl.) An extensive division of parasitic Protozoa, which increase by sporulation. It includes the Gregarinida.

Sporozoid (n.) Same as Zoospore.

Sporran (n.) A large purse or pouch made of skin with the hair or fur on, worn in front of the kilt by Highlanders when in full dress.

Sport (n.) That which diverts, and makes mirth; pastime; amusement.

Sport (n.) Mock; mockery; contemptuous mirth; derision.

Sport (n.) That with which one plays, or which is driven about in play; a toy; a plaything; an object of mockery.

Sport (n.) Play; idle jingle.

Sport (n.) Diversion of the field, as fowling, hunting, fishing, racing, games, and the like, esp. when money is staked.

Sport (n.) A plant or an animal, or part of a plant or animal, which has some peculiarity not usually seen in the species; an abnormal variety or growth. See Sporting plant, under Sporting.

Sport (n.) A sportsman; a gambler.

Sported (imp. & p. p.) of Sport

Sporting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sport

Sport (v. i.) To play; to frolic; to wanton.

Sport (v. i.) To practice the diversions of the field or the turf; to be given to betting, as upon races.

Sport (v. i.) To trifle.

Sport (v. i.) To assume suddenly a new and different character from the rest of the plant or from the type of the species; -- said of a bud, shoot, plant, or animal. See Sport, n., 6.

Sport (v. t.) To divert; to amuse; to make merry; -- used with the reciprocal pronoun.

Sport (v. t.) To represent by any knd of play.

Sport (v. t.) To exhibit, or bring out, in public; to use or wear; as, to sport a new equipage.

Sport (v. t.) To give utterance to in a sportive manner; to throw out in an easy and copious manner; -- with off; as, to sport off epigrams.

Sportability (n.) Sportiveness.

Sportal (a.) Of or pertaining to sports; used in sports.

Sporter (n.) One who sports; a sportsman.

Sportful (a.) Full of sport; merry; frolicsome; full of jesting; indulging in mirth or play; playful; wanton; as, a sportful companion.

Sportful (a.) Done in jest, or for mere play; sportive.

Sporting (a.) Of pertaining to, or engaging in, sport or sporrts; exhibiting the character or conduct of one who, or that which, sports.

Sportingly (adv.) In sport; sportively.

Sportive (a.) Tending to, engaged in, or provocate of, sport; gay; froliscome; playful; merry.

Sportless (a.) Without sport or mirth; joyless.

Sportling (n.) A little person or creature engaged in sports or in play.

Sportsmen (pl. ) of Sportsman

Sportsman (n.) One who pursues the sports of the field; one who hunts, fishes, etc.

Sportsmanship (n.) The practice of sportsmen; skill in field sports.

Sportulae (pl. ) of Sportula

Sportula (n.) A gift; a present; a prize; hence, an alms; a largess.

Sportulary (a.) Subsisting on alms or charitable contributions.

Sportule (n.) A charitable gift or contribution; a gift; an alms; a dole; a largess; a sportula.

Sporulation (n.) The act or process of forming spores; spore formation. See Illust. of Bacillus, b.

Sporule (n.) A small spore; a spore.

Sporuliferous (a.) Producing sporules.

Spot (n.) A mark on a substance or body made by foreign matter; a blot; a place discolored.

Spot (n.) A stain on character or reputation; something that soils purity; disgrace; reproach; fault; blemish.

Spot (n.) A small part of a different color from the main part, or from the ground upon which it is; as, the spots of a leopard; the spots on a playing card.

Spot (n.) A small extent of space; a place; any particular place.

Spot (n.) A variety of the common domestic pigeon, so called from a spot on its head just above its beak.

Spot (n.) A sciaenoid food fish (Liostomus xanthurus) of the Atlantic coast of the United States. It has a black spot behind the shoulders and fifteen oblique dark bars on the sides. Called also goody, Lafayette, masooka, and old wife.

Spot (n.) The southern redfish, or red horse, which has a spot on each side at the base of the tail. See Redfish.

Spot (n.) Commodities, as merchandise and cotton, sold for immediate delivery.

Spotted (imp. & p. p.) of Spot

Spotting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spot

Spot (v. t.) To make visible marks upon with some foreign matter; to discolor in or with spots; to stain; to cover with spots or figures; as, to spot a garnment; to spot paper.

Spot (v. t.) To mark or note so as to insure recognition; to recognize; to detect; as, to spot a criminal.

Spot (v. t.) To stain; to blemish; to taint; to disgrace; to tarnish, as reputation; to asperse.

Spot (v. i.) To become stained with spots.

Spotless (a.) Without a spot; especially, free from reproach or impurity; pure; untainted; innocent; as, a spotless mind; spotless behavior.

Spotted (a.) Marked with spots; as, a spotted garment or character.

Spottedness (n.) State or quality of being spotted.

Spotter (n.) One who spots.

Spottiness (n.) The state or quality of being spotty.

Spotty (a.) Full of spots; marked with spots.

Spousage (v. t.) Espousal.

Spousal (a.) Of or pertaining to a spouse or marriage; nuptial; matrimonial; conjugal; bridal; as, spousal rites; spousal ornaments.

Spousal (n.) Marriage; nuptials; espousal; -- generally used in the plural; as, the spousals of Hippolita.

Spouse (n.) A man or woman engaged or joined in wedlock; a married person, husband or wife.

Spouse (n.) A married man, in distinct from a spousess or married woman; a bridegroom or husband.

Spouse (n.) To wed; to espouse.

Spouse-breach (n.) Adultery.

Spouseless (a.) Destitute of a spouse; unmarried.

Spousess (n.) A wife or bride.

Spouted (imp. & p. p.) of Spout

Spouting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spout

Spout (v. t.) To throw out forcibly and abudantly, as liquids through an office or a pipe; to eject in a jet; as, an elephant spouts water from his trunk.

Spout (v. t.) To utter magniloquently; to recite in an oratorical or pompous manner.

Spout (v. t.) To pawn; to pledge; as, spout a watch.

Spout (v. i.) To issue with with violence, or in a jet, as a liquid through a narrow orifice, or from a spout; as, water spouts from a hole; blood spouts from an artery.

Spout (v. i.) To eject water or liquid in a jet.

Spout (v. i.) To utter a speech, especially in a pompous manner.

Spout (v. t.) That through which anything spouts; a discharging lip, pipe, or orifice; a tube, pipe, or conductor of any kind through which a liquid is poured, or by which it is conveyed in a stream from one place to another; as, the spout of a teapot; a spout for conducting water from the roof of a building.

Spout (v. t.) A trough for conducting grain, flour, etc., into a receptacle.

Spout (v. t.) A discharge or jet of water or other liquid, esp. when rising in a column; also, a waterspout.

Spouter (n.) One who, or that which, spouts.

Spoutfish (n.) A marine animal that spouts water; -- applied especially to certain bivalve mollusks, like the long clams (Mya), which spout, or squirt out, water when retiring into their holes.

Spoutless (a.) Having no spout.

Spoutshell (n.) Any marine gastropod shell of the genus Apporhais having an elongated siphon. See Illust. under Rostrifera.

Sprack (a.) Quick; lively; alert.

Sprad () p. p. of Spread.

Spradde () imp. of Spread.

Sprag (n.) A young salmon.

Sprag (n.) A billet of wood; a piece of timber used as a prop.

Spragged (imp. & p. p.) of Sprag

Spragging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sprag

Sprag (v. t.) To check the motion of, as a carriage on a steep grade, by putting a sprag between the spokes of the wheel.

Sprag (v. t.) To prop or sustain with a sprag.

Sprag (a.) See Sprack, a.

Sprained (imp. & p. p.) of Sprain

Spraining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sprain

Sprain (v. t.) To weaken, as a joint, ligament, or muscle, by sudden and excessive exertion, as by wrenching; to overstrain, or stretch injuriously, but without luxation; as, to sprain one's ankle.

Sprain (n.) The act or result of spraining; lameness caused by spraining; as, a bad sprain of the wrist.

Spraints (v. t.) The dung of an otter.

Sprang () imp. of Spring.

Sprat (n.) A small European herring (Clupea sprattus) closely allied to the common herring and the pilchard; -- called also garvie. The name is also applied to small herring of different kinds.

Sprat (n.) A California surf-fish (Rhacochilus toxotes); -- called also alfione, and perch.

Sprawled (imp. & p. p.) of Sprawl

Sprawling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sprawl

Sprawl (v. i.) To spread and stretch the body or limbs carelessly in a horizontal position; to lie with the limbs stretched out ungracefully.

Sprawl (v. i.) To spread irregularly, as vines, plants, or tress; to spread ungracefully, as chirography.

Sprawl (v. i.) To move, when lying down, with awkward extension and motions of the limbs; to scramble in creeping.

Srawls (n. pl.) Small branches of a tree; twigs; sprays.

Spray (n.) A small shoot or branch; a twig.

Spray (n.) A collective body of small branches; as, the tree has a beautiful spray.

Spray (n.) A side channel or branch of the runner of a flask, made to distribute the metal in all parts of the mold.

Spray (n.) A group of castings made in the same mold and connected by sprues formed in the runner and its branches.

Spray (v. t.) Water flying in small drops or particles, as by the force of wind, or the dashing of waves, or from a waterfall, and the like.

Spray (v. t.) A jet of fine medicated vapor, used either as an application to a diseased part or to charge the air of a room with a disinfectant or a deodorizer.

Spray (v. t.) An instrument for applying such a spray; an atomizer.

Spray (v. t.) To let fall in the form of spray.

Spray (v. t.) To throw spray upon; to treat with a liquid in the form of spray; as, to spray a wound, or a surgical instrument, with carbolic acid.

Sprayboard (n.) See Dashboard, n., 2 (b).

Spread (imp. & p. p.) of Spread

Spreading (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spread

Spread (v. t.) To extend in length and breadth, or in breadth only; to stretch or expand to a broad or broader surface or extent; to open; to unfurl; as, to spread a carpet; to spread a tent or a sail.

Spread (v. t.) To extend so as to cover something; to extend to a great or grater extent in every direction; to cause to fill or cover a wide or wider space.

Spread (v. t.) To divulge; to publish, as news or fame; to cause to be more extensively known; to disseminate; to make known fully; as, to spread a report; -- often acompanied by abroad.

Spread (v. t.) To propagate; to cause to affect great numbers; as, to spread a disease.

Spread (v. t.) To diffuse, as emanations or effluvia; to emit; as, odoriferous plants spread their fragrance.

Spread (v. t.) To strew; to scatter over a surface; as, to spread manure; to spread lime on the ground.

Spread (v. t.) To prepare; to set and furnish with provisions; as, to spread a table.

Spread (v. i.) To extend in length and breadth in all directions, or in breadth only; to be extended or stretched; to expand.

Spread (v. i.) To be extended by drawing or beating; as, some metals spread with difficulty.

Spread (v. i.) To be made known more extensively, as news.

Spread (v. i.) To be propagated from one to another; as, the disease spread into all parts of the city.

Spread (n.) Extent; compass.

Spread (n.) Expansion of parts.

Spread (n.) A cloth used as a cover for a table or a bed.

Spread (n.) A table, as spread or furnished with a meal; hence, an entertainment of food; a feast.

Spread (n.) A privilege which one person buys of another, of demanding certain shares of stock at a certain price, or of delivering the same shares of stock at another price, within a time agreed upon.

Spread (n.) An unlimited expanse of discontinuous points.

Spread () imp. & p. p. of Spread, v.

Spread-eagle (a.) Characterized by a pretentious, boastful, exaggerated style; defiantly or extravagantly bombastic; as, a spread-eagle orator; a spread-eagle speech.

Spreader (n.) One who, or that which, spreads, expands, or propogates.

Spreader (n.) A machine for combining and drawing fibers of flax to form a sliver preparatory to spinning.

Spreadingly (adv.) Increasingly.

Sprechery (n.) Movables of an inferior description; especially, such as have been collected by depredation.

Spree (n.) A merry frolic; especially, a drinking frolic; a carousal.

Sprenge (v. t.) To sprinkle; to scatter.

Sprengel pump () A form of air pump in which exhaustion is produced by a stream of mercury running down a narrow tube, in the manner of an aspirator; -- named from the inventor.

Sprent () p. p. of Sprenge. Sprinkled.

Sprew (n.) Thrush.

Spreynd () p. p. of Sprenge. Sprinkled.

Sprig (n.) A small shoot or twig of a tree or other plant; a spray; as, a sprig of laurel or of parsley.

Sprig (n.) A youth; a lad; -- used humorously or in slight disparagement.

Sprig (n.) A brad, or nail without a head.

Sprig (n.) A small eyebolt ragged or barbed at the point.

Sprigged (imp. & p. p.) of Sprig

Sprigging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sprig

Sprig (v. t.) To mark or adorn with the representation of small branches; to work with sprigs; as, to sprig muslin.

Sprigged (a.) Having sprigs.

Spriggy (a.) Full of sprigs or small branches.

Spright (n.) Spirit; mind; soul; state of mind; mood.

Spright (n.) A supernatural being; a spirit; a shade; an apparition; a ghost.

Spright (n.) A kind of short arrow.

Spright (v. t.) To haunt, as a spright.

Sprightful (a.) Full of spirit or of life; earnest; vivacious; lively; brisk; nimble; gay.

Sprightless (a.) Destitute of life; dull; sluggish.

Sprightliness (n.) The quality or state of being sprightly; liveliness; life; briskness; vigor; activity; gayety; vivacity.

Sprightly (superl.) Sprightlike, or spiritlike; lively; brisk; animated; vigorous; airy; gay; as, a sprightly youth; a sprightly air; a sprightly dance.

Sprigtail (n.) The pintail duck; -- called also sprig, and spreet-tail.

Sprigtail (n.) The sharp-tailed grouse.

Sprang (imp.) of Spring

Sprung () of Spring

Sprung (p. p.) of Spring

Springing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spring

Spring (v. i.) To leap; to bound; to jump.

Spring (v. i.) To issue with speed and violence; to move with activity; to dart; to shoot.

Spring (v. i.) To start or rise suddenly, as from a covert.

Spring (v. i.) To fly back; as, a bow, when bent, springs back by its elastic power.

Spring (v. i.) To bend from a straight direction or plane surface; to become warped; as, a piece of timber, or a plank, sometimes springs in seasoning.

Spring (v. i.) To shoot up, out, or forth; to come to the light; to begin to appear; to emerge; as a plant from its seed, as streams from their source, and the like; -often followed by up, forth, or out.

Spring (v. i.) To issue or proceed, as from a parent or ancestor; to result, as from a cause, motive, reason, or principle.

Spring (v. i.) To grow; to prosper.

Spring (v. t.) To cause to spring up; to start or rouse, as game; to cause to rise from the earth, or from a covert; as, to spring a pheasant.

Spring (v. t.) To produce or disclose suddenly or unexpectedly.

Spring (v. t.) To cause to explode; as, to spring a mine.

Spring (v. t.) To crack or split; to bend or strain so as to weaken; as, to spring a mast or a yard.

Spring (v. t.) To cause to close suddenly, as the parts of a trap operated by a spring; as, to spring a trap.

Spring (v. t.) To bend by force, as something stiff or strong; to force or put by bending, as a beam into its sockets, and allowing it to straighten when in place; -- often with in, out, etc.; as, to spring in a slat or a bar.

Spring (v. t.) To pass over by leaping; as, to spring a fence.

Spring (v. i.) A leap; a bound; a jump.

Spring (v. i.) A flying back; the resilience of a body recovering its former state by elasticity; as, the spring of a bow.

Spring (v. i.) Elastic power or force.

Spring (v. i.) An elastic body of any kind, as steel, India rubber, tough wood, or compressed air, used for various mechanical purposes, as receiving and imparting power, diminishing concussion, regulating motion, measuring weight or other force.

Spring (v. i.) Any source of supply; especially, the source from which a stream proceeds; as issue of water from the earth; a natural fountain.

Spring (v. i.) Any active power; that by which action, or motion, is produced or propagated; cause; origin; motive.

Spring (v. i.) That which springs, or is originated, from a source;

Spring (v. i.) A race; lineage.

Spring (v. i.) A youth; a springal.

Spring (v. i.) A shoot; a plant; a young tree; also, a grove of trees; woodland.

Spring (v. i.) That which causes one to spring; specifically, a lively tune.

Spring (v. i.) The season of the year when plants begin to vegetate and grow; the vernal season, usually comprehending the months of March, April, and May, in the middle latitudes north of the equator.

Spring (v. i.) The time of growth and progress; early portion; first stage.

Spring (v. i.) A crack or fissure in a mast or yard, running obliquely or transversely.

Spring (v. i.) A line led from a vessel's quarter to her cable so that by tightening or slacking it she can be made to lie in any desired position; a line led diagonally from the bow or stern of a vessel to some point upon the wharf to which she is moored.

Springal (a.) Alt. of Springall

Springald (a.) Alt. of Springall

Springall (a.) An active, springly young man.

Springal (n.) An ancient military engine for casting stones and arrows by means of a spring.

Springboard (n.) An elastic board, secured at the ends, or at one end, often by elastic supports, used in performing feats of agility or in exercising.

Springbok (n.) Alt. of Springbuck

Springbuck (n.) A South African gazelle (Gazella euchore) noted for its graceful form and swiftness, and for its peculiar habit of springing lighty and suddenly into the air. It has a white dorsal stripe, expanding into a broad patch of white on the rump and tail. Called also springer.

Springe (v. i.) A noose fastened to an elastic body, and drawn close with a sudden spring, whereby it catches a bird or other animal; a gin; a snare.

Springe (v. t.) To catch in a springe; to insnare.

Springe (v. t.) To sprinkle; to scatter.

Springer (n.) One who, or that which, springs; specifically, one who rouses game.

Springer (n.) A young plant.

Springer (n.) The impost, or point at which an arch rests upon its support, and from which it seems to spring.

Springer (n.) The bottom stone of an arch, which lies on the impost. The skew back is one form of springer.

Springer (n.) The rib of a groined vault, as being the solid abutment for each section of vaulting.

Springer (n.) The grampus.

Springer (n.) A variety of the field spaniel. See Spaniel.

Springer (n.) A species of antelope; the sprinkbok.

Springhalt (n.) A kind of lameness in horse. See Stringhalt.

Springhead (n.) A fountain or source.

Springiness (n.) The state or quality of being springly.

Springing (n.) The act or process of one who, or that which, springs.

Springing (n.) Growth; increase; also, that which springs up; a shoot; a plant.

Springle (n.) A springe.

Springlet (n.) A little spring.

Springtail (n.) Any one of numerous species of small apterous insects belonging to the order Thysanura. They have two elastic caudal stylets which can be bent under the abdomen and then suddenly extended like a spring, thus enabling them to leap to a considerable distance. See Collembola, and Podura.

Springtide (n.) The time of spring; springtime.

Springtime (n.) The season of spring; springtide.

Springy (superl.) Resembling, having the qualities of, or pertaining to, a spring; elastic; as, springy steel; a springy step.

Springy (superl.) Abounding with springs or fountains; wet; spongy; as, springy land.

Sprinkled (imp. & p. p.) of Sprinkle

Sprinkling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sprinkle

Sprinkle (v. i.) To scatter in small drops or particles, as water, seed, etc.

Sprinkle (v. i.) To scatter on; to disperse something over in small drops or particles; to besprinkle; as, to sprinkle the earth with water; to sprinkle a floor with sand.

Sprinkle (v. i.) To baptize by the application of a few drops, or a small quantity, of water; hence, to cleanse; to purify.

Sprinkle (v. i.) To scatter a liquid, or any fine substance, so that it may fall in particles.

Sprinkle (v. i.) To rain moderately, or with scattered drops falling now and then; as, it sprinkles.

Sprinkle (v. i.) To fly or be scattered in small drops or particles.

Sprinkle (n.) A small quantity scattered, or sparsely distributed; a sprinkling.

Sprinkle (n.) A utensil for sprinkling; a sprinkler.

Sprinkler (n.) One who sprinkles.

Sprinkler (n.) An instrument or vessel used in sprinkling; specifically, a watering pot.

Sprinkling (n.) The act of one who, or that which, sprinkles.

Sprinkling (n.) A small quantity falling in distinct drops or particles; as, a sprinkling of rain or snow.

Sprinkling (n.) Hence, a moderate number or quantity distributed like drops.

Sprinted (imp. & p. p.) of Sprint

Sprinting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sprint

Sprint (v. i.) To run very rapidly; to run at full speed.

Sprint (n.) The act of sprinting; a run of a short distance at full speed.

Sprinter (n.) One who sprints; one who runs in sprint races; as, a champion sprinter.

Sprit (v. i.) To throw out with force from a narrow orifice; to eject; to spurt out.

Sprit (v. t.) To sprout; to bud; to germinate, as barley steeped for malt.

Sprit (n.) A shoot; a sprout.

Sprit (v. i.) A small boom, pole, or spar, which crosses the sail of a boat diagonally from the mast to the upper aftmost corner, which it is used to extend and elevate.

Sprite (n.) A spirit; a soul; a shade; also, an apparition. See Spright.

Sprite (n.) An elf; a fairy; a goblin.

Sprite (n.) The green woodpecker, or yaffle.

Spriteful (a.) Alt. of Spritely

Spritefully (a.) Alt. of Spritely

Spriteliness (a.) Alt. of Spritely

Spritely (a.) See Sprightful, Sprightfully, Sprightliness, Sprightly, etc.

Spritsail (n.) A sail extended by a sprit.

Spritsail (n.) A sail formerly hung under the bowsprit, from the spritsail yard.

Sprocket wheel () Same as Chain wheel.

Sprod (n.) A salmon in its second year.

Sprong () imp. of Spring. Sprung.

Sprouted (imp. & p. p.) of Sprout

Sprouting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sprout

Sprout (v. t.) To shoot, as the seed of a plant; to germinate; to push out new shoots; hence, to grow like shoots of plants.

Sprout (v. t.) To shoot into ramifications.

Sprout (v. t.) To cause to sprout; as, the rain will sprout the seed.

Sprout (v. t.) To deprive of sprouts; as, to sprout potatoes.

Sprout (v. i.) The shoot of a plant; a shoot from the seed, from the stump, or from the root or tuber, of a plant or tree; more rarely, a shoot from the stem of a plant, or the end of a branch.

Sprout (v. i.) Young coleworts; Brussels sprouts.

Spruce (a.) Any coniferous tree of the genus Picea, as the Norway spruce (P. excelsa), and the white and black spruces of America (P. alba and P. nigra), besides several others in the far Northwest. See Picea.

Spruce (a.) The wood or timber of the spruce tree.

Spruce (a.) Prussia leather; pruce.

Spruce (n.) Neat, without elegance or dignity; -- formerly applied to things with a serious meaning; now chiefly applied to persons.

Spruce (n.) Sprightly; dashing.

Spruced (imp. & p. p.) of Spruce

Sprucing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spruce

Spruce (v. t.) To dress with affected neatness; to trim; to make spruce.

Spruce (v. i.) To dress one's self with affected neatness; as, to spruce up.

Sprue (n.) Strictly, the hole through which melted metal is poured into the gate, and thence into the mold.

Sprue (n.) The waste piece of metal cast in this hole; hence, dross.

Sprue (n.) Same as Sprew.

Sprug (v. t.) To make smart.

Sprung () imp. & p. p. of Spring.

Sprung (a.) Said of a spar that has been cracked or strained.

Sprunt (v. i.) To spring up; to germinate; to spring forward or outward.

Sprunt (n.) Anything short and stiff.

Sprunt (n.) A leap; a spring.

Sprunt (n.) A steep ascent in a road.

Sprunt (a.) Active; lively; vigorous.

Spruntly (adv.) In a sprunt manner; smartly; vigorously; youthfully.

Spry (superl.) Having great power of leaping or running; nimble; active.

Spud (n.) A sharp, narrow spade, usually with a long handle, used by farmers for digging up large-rooted weeds; a similarly shaped implement used for various purposes.

Spud (n.) A dagger.

Spud (n.) Anything short and thick; specifically, a piece of dough boiled in fat.

Spue (v. t. & i.) See Spew.

Spuilzie (n.) See Spulzie.

Spuke (n.) See Spook.

Spuller (n.) One employed to inspect yarn, to see that it is well spun, and fit for the loom.

Spulzie (n.) Plunder, or booty.

Spume (n.) Frothy matter raised on liquids by boiling, effervescence, or agitation; froth; foam; scum.

Spumed (imp. & p. p.) of Spume

Spuming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spume

Spume (v. i.) To froth; to foam.

Spumeous (a.) Spumous.

Spumescence (n.) The state of being foamy; frothiness.

Spumescent (a.) Resembling froth or foam; foaming.

Spumid (a.) Spumous; frothy.

Spumiferous (a.) Producing foam.

Spuminess (n.) The quality or condition of being spumy; spumescence.

Spumous (a.) Alt. of Spumy

Spumy (a.) Consisting of, containing, or covered with, froth, scum, or foam; frothy; foamy.

Spun () imp. & p. p. of Spin.

Spunge (n.) A sponge.

Spunk (n.) Wood that readily takes fire; touchwood; also, a kind of tinder made from a species of fungus; punk; amadou.

Spunk (n.) An inflammable temper; spirit; mettle; pluck; as, a man of spunk.

Spunky (superl.) Full of spunk; quick; spirited.

Spur (n.) A sparrow.

Spur (n.) A tern.

Spur (n.) An implement secured to the heel, or above the heel, of a horseman, to urge the horse by its pressure. Modern spurs have a small wheel, or rowel, with short points. Spurs were the badge of knighthood.

Spur (n.) That which goads to action; an incitement.

Spur (n.) Something that projects; a snag.

Spur (n.) One of the large or principal roots of a tree.

Spur (n.) Any stiff, sharp spine, as on the wings and legs of certain burds, on the legs of insects, etc.; especially, the spine on a cock's leg.

Spur (n.) A mountain that shoots from any other mountain, or range of mountains, and extends to some distance in a lateral direction, or at right angles.

Spur (n.) A spiked iron worn by seamen upon the bottom of the boot, to enable them to stand upon the carcass of a whale, to strip off the blubber.

Spur (n.) A brace strengthening a post and some connected part, as a rafter or crossbeam; a strut.

Spur (n.) The short wooden buttress of a post.

Spur (n.) A projection from the round base of a column, occupying the angle of a square plinth upon which the base rests, or bringing the bottom bed of the base to a nearly square form. It is generally carved in leafage.

Spur (n.) Any projecting appendage of a flower looking like a spur.

Spur (n.) Ergotized rye or other grain.

Spur (n.) A wall that crosses a part of a rampart and joins to an inner wall.

Spur (n.) A piece of timber fixed on the bilge ways before launching, having the upper ends bolted to the vessel's side.

Spur (n.) A curved piece of timber serving as a half to support the deck where a whole beam can not be placed.

Spurred (imp. & p. p.) of Spur

Spurring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spur

Spur (v. t.) To prick with spurs; to incite to a more hasty pace; to urge or goad; as, to spur a horse.

Spur (v. t.) To urge or encourage to action, or to a more vigorous pursuit of an object; to incite; to stimulate; to instigate; to impel; to drive.

Spur (v. t.) To put spurs on; as, a spurred boot.

Spur (v. i.) To spur on one' horse; to travel with great expedition; to hasten; hence, to press forward in any pursuit.

Spurgall (n.) A place galled or excoriated by much using of the spur.

Spurgall (v. t.) To gall or wound with a spur.

Spurge (v. t.) To emit foam; to froth; -- said of the emission of yeast from beer in course of fermentation.

Spurge (n.) Any plant of the genus Euphorbia. See Euphorbia.

Spurgewort (n.) Any euphorbiaceous plant.

Spurging (n.) A purging.

Spurious (a.) Not proceeding from the true source, or from the source pretended; not genuine; false; adulterate.

Spurious (a.) Not legitimate; bastard; as, spurious issue.

Spurless (a.) Having no spurs.

Spurling (n.) A tern.

Spurling-line (n.) The line which forms the communication between the steering wheel and the telltale.

Spurned (imp. & p. p.) of Spurn

Spurning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spurn

Spurn (v. t.) To drive back or away, as with the foot; to kick.

Spurn (v. t.) To reject with disdain; to scorn to receive or accept; to treat with contempt.

Spurn (v. i.) To kick or toss up the heels.

Spurn (v. i.) To manifest disdain in rejecting anything; to make contemptuous opposition or resistance.

Spurn (n.) A kick; a blow with the foot.

Spurn (n.) Disdainful rejection; contemptuous tratment.

Spurn (n.) A body of coal left to sustain an overhanding mass.

Spurner (n.) One who spurns.

Spurn-water (n.) A channel at the end of a deck to restrain the water.

Spurred (a.) Wearing spurs; furnished with a spur or spurs; having shoots like spurs.

Spurred (a.) Affected with spur, or ergot; as, spurred rye.

Spurrer (n.) One who spurs.

Spurrey (n.) See Spurry.

Spurrier (n.) One whose occupation is to make spurs.

Spur-royal (n.) A gold coin, first made in the reign of Edward IV., having a star on the reverse resembling the rowel of a spur. In the reigns of Elizabeth and of James I., its value was fifteen shillings.

Spurry (n.) An annual herb (Spergula arvensis) with whorled filiform leaves, sometimes grown in Europe for fodder.

Spur-shell (n.) Any one of several species of handsome gastropod shells of the genus Trochus, or Imperator. The shell is conical, with the margin toothed somewhat like the rowel of a spur.

Spurt (v. i.) To gush or issue suddenly or violently out in a stream, as liquor from a cask; to rush from a confined place in a small stream or jet; to spirt.

Spurt (v. t.) To throw out, as a liquid, in a stream or jet; to drive or force out with violence, as a liquid from a pipe or small orifice; as, to spurt water from the mouth.

Sourt (n.) A sudden or violent ejection or gushing of a liquid, as of water from a tube, orifice, or other confined place, or of blood from a wound; a jet; a spirt.

Sourt (n.) A shoot; a bud.

Sourt (n.) Fig.: A sudden outbreak; as, a spurt of jealousy.

Spurt (n.) A sudden and energetic effort, as in an emergency; an increased exertion for a brief space.

Spurted (imp. & p. p.) of Spurt

Spurting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spurt

Spurt (v. i.) To make a sudden and violent exertion, as in an emergency.

Spurtle (v. t.) To spurt or shoot in a scattering manner.

Spurway (n.) A bridle path.

Spur-winged (a.) Having one or more spurs on the bend of the wings.

Sput (n.) An annular reenforce, to strengthen a place where a hole is made.

Sputation (n.) The act of spitting; expectoration.

Sputative (a.) Inclined to spit; spitting much.

Spute (v. t.) To dispute; to discuss.

Sputtered (imp. & p. p.) of Sputter

Sputtering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sputter

Sputter (v. i.) To spit, or to emit saliva from the mouth in small, scattered portions, as in rapid speaking.

Sputter (v. i.) To utter words hastily and indistinctly; to speak so rapidly as to emit saliva.

Sputter (v. i.) To throw out anything, as little jets of steam, with a noise like that made by one sputtering.

Sputter (v. t.) To spit out hastily by quick, successive efforts, with a spluttering sound; to utter hastily and confusedly, without control over the organs of speech.

Sputter (n.) Moist matter thrown out in small detached particles; also, confused and hasty speech.

Sputterer (n.) One who sputters.

Sputa (pl. ) of Sputum

Sputum (n.) That which is expectorated; a salival discharge; spittle; saliva.

Spied (imp. & p. p.) of Spy

Spying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Spy

Spy (v. t.) To gain sight of; to discover at a distance, or in a state of concealment; to espy; to see.

Spy (v. t.) To discover by close search or examination.

Spy (v. t.) To explore; to view; inspect; and examine secretly, as a country; -- usually with out.

Spy (v. i.) To search narrowly; to scrutinize.

Spies (pl. ) of Spy

Spy (n.) One who keeps a constant watch of the conduct of others.

Spy (n.) A person sent secretly into an enemy's camp, territory, or fortifications, to inspect his works, ascertain his strength, movements, or designs, and to communicate such intelligence to the proper officer.

Spyboat (n.) A boat sent to make discoveries and bring intelligence.

Spyglass (n.) A small telescope for viewing distant terrestrial objects.

Spyism (n.) Act or business of spying.

Spynace (n.) Alt. of Spyne

Spyne (n.) See Pinnace, n., 1 (a).

Up (adv.) Aloft; on high; in a direction contrary to that of gravity; toward or in a higher place or position; above; -- the opposite of down.

Up (adv.) From a lower to a higher position, literally or figuratively; as, from a recumbent or sitting position; from the mouth, toward the source, of a river; from a dependent or inferior condition; from concealment; from younger age; from a quiet state, or the like; -- used with verbs of motion expressed or implied.

Up (adv.) In a higher place or position, literally or figuratively; in the state of having arisen; in an upright, or nearly upright, position; standing; mounted on a horse; in a condition of elevation, prominence, advance, proficiency, excitement, insurrection, or the like; -- used with verbs of rest, situation, condition, and the like; as, to be up on a hill; the lid of the box was up; prices are up.

Up (adv.) To or in a position of equal advance or equality; not short of, back of, less advanced than, away from, or the like; -- usually followed by to or with; as, to be up to the chin in water; to come up with one's companions; to come up with the enemy; to live up to engagements.

Up (adv.) To or in a state of completion; completely; wholly; quite; as, in the phrases to eat up; to drink up; to burn up; to sum up; etc.; to shut up the eyes or the mouth; to sew up a rent.

Up (adv.) Aside, so as not to be in use; as, to lay up riches; put up your weapons.

Up (prep.) From a lower to a higher place on, upon, or along; at a higher situation upon; at the top of.

Up (prep.) From the coast towards the interior of, as a country; from the mouth towards the source of, as a stream; as, to journey up the country; to sail up the Hudson.

Up (prep.) Upon.

Up (n.) The state of being up or above; a state of elevation, prosperity, or the like; -- rarely occurring except in the phrase ups and downs.

Up (a.) Inclining up; tending or going up; upward; as, an up look; an up grade; the up train.

Upas (n.) A tree (Antiaris toxicaria) of the Breadfruit family, common in the forests of Java and the neighboring islands. Its secretions are poisonous, and it has been fabulously reported that the atmosphere about it is deleterious. Called also bohun upas.

Upas (n.) A virulent poison used in Java and the adjacent islands for poisoning arrows. One kind, upas antiar, is, derived from upas tree (Antiaris toxicaria). Upas tieute is prepared from a climbing plant (Strychnos Tieute).

Upbar (v. t.) To fasten with a bar.

Upbar (v. t.) To remove the bar or bards of, as a gate; to under.

Upbear (v. t.) To bear up; to raise aloft; to support in an elevated situation; to sustain.

Upbind (v. t.) To bind up.

Upblow (v. t.) To inflate.

Upblow (v. i.) To blow up; as, the wind upblows from the sea.

Upbraided (imp. & p. p.) of Upbraid

Upbraiding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Upbraid

Upbraid (v. t.) To charge with something wrong or disgraceful; to reproach; to cast something in the teeth of; -- followed by with or for, and formerly of, before the thing imputed.

Upbraid (v. t.) To reprove severely; to rebuke; to chide.

Upbraid (v. t.) To treat with contempt.

Upbraid (v. t.) To object or urge as a matter of reproach; to cast up; -- with to before the person.

Upbraid (v. i.) To utter upbraidings.

Upbraid (n.) The act of reproaching; contumely.

Upbreak (v. i.) To break upwards; to force away or passage to the surface.

Upbreak (n.) A breaking upward or bursting forth; an upburst.

Upbreathe (v. r.) To breathe up or out; to exhale.

Upbreed (v. t.) To rear, or bring up; to nurse.

Upbrought (a.) Brought up; educated.

Upbuoyance (n.) The act of buoying up; uplifting.

Upburst (n.) The act of bursting upwards; a breaking through to the surface; an upbreak or uprush; as, an upburst of molten matter.

Upcast (a.) Cast up; thrown upward; as, with upcast eyes.

Upcast (n.) A cast; a throw.

Upcast (n.) The ventilating shaft of a mine out of which the air passes after having circulated through the mine; -- distinguished from the downcast. Called also upcast pit, and upcast shaft.

Upcast (n.) An upset, as from a carriage.

Upcast (n.) A taunt; a reproach.

Upcast (v. t.) To cast or throw up; to turn upward.

Upcast (v. t.) To taunt; to reproach; to upbraid.

Upcaught (a.) Seized or caught up.

Upcheer (v. t.) To cheer up.

Upclimb (v. t. & i.) To climb up; to ascend.

Upcoil (v. t. & i.) To coil up; to make into a coil, or to be made into a coil.

Upcountry (adv.) In an upcountry direction; as, to live upcountry.

Upcountry (a.) Living or situated remote from the seacoast; as, an upcountry residence.

Upcountry (n.) The interior of the country.

Upcurl (v. t.) To curl up.

Updive (v. i.) To spring upward; to rise.

Updraw (v. t.) To draw up.

Upend (v. t.) To end up; to set on end, as a cask.

Upeygan (n.) The borele.

Upfill (v. t.) To fill up.

Upflow (v. i.) To flow or stream up.

Upflung (a.) Flung or thrown up.

Upgather (v. t.) To gather up; to contract; to draw together.

Upgaze (v. i.) To gaze upward.

Upgive (v. t.) To give up or out.

Upgrow (v. i.) To grow up.

Upgrowth (n.) The process or result of growing up; progress; development.

Upgush (n.) A gushing upward.

Upgush (v. i.) To gush upward.

Uphaf () imp. of Upheave.

Uphand (a.) Lifted by the hand, or by both hands; as, the uphand sledge.

Uphang (v. t.) To hang up.

Uphasp (v. t.) To hasp or faster up; to close; as, sleep uphasps the eyes.

Upheaped (a.) Piled up; accumulated.

Upheaval (n.) The act of upheaving, or the state of being upheaved; esp., an elevation of a portion of the earth's crust.

Upheave (v. t.) To heave or lift up from beneath; to raise.

Upheld () imp. & p. p. of Uphold.

Upher (n.) A fir pole of from four to seven inches diameter, and twenty to forty feet long, sometimes roughly hewn, used for scaffoldings, and sometimes for slight and common roofs, for which use it is split.

Uphill (adv.) Upwards on, or as on, a hillside; as, to walk uphill.

Uphill (a.) Ascending; going up; as, an uphill road.

Uphill (a.) Attended with labor; difficult; as, uphill work.

Uphilt (v. t.) To thrust in up to the hilt; as, to uphilt one's sword into an enemy.

Uphoard (v. t.) To hoard up.

Uphold (v. t.) To hold up; to lift on high; to elevate.

Uphold (v. t.) To keep erect; to support; to sustain; to keep from falling; to maintain.

Uphold (v. t.) To aid by approval or encouragement; to countenance; as, to uphold a person in wrongdoing.

Upholder (n.) A broker or auctioneer; a tradesman.

Upholder (n.) An undertaker, or provider for funerals.

Upholder (n.) An upholsterer.

Upholder (n.) One who, or that which, upholds; a supporter; a defender; a sustainer.

Upholster (v. t.) To furnish (rooms, carriages, bedsteads, chairs, etc.) with hangings, coverings, cushions, etc.; to adorn with furnishings in cloth, velvet, silk, etc.; as, to upholster a couch; to upholster a room with curtains.

Upholster (n.) A broker.

Upholster (n.) An upholsterer.

Upholsterer (n.) One who provides hangings, coverings, cushions, curtains, and the like; one who upholsters.

Upholstery (n.) The articles or goods supplied by upholsterers; the business or work of an upholsterer.

Uphroe (n.) Same as Euphroe.

Upland (n.) High land; ground elevated above the meadows and intervals which lie on the banks of rivers, near the sea, or between hills; land which is generally dry; -- opposed to lowland, meadow, marsh, swamp, interval, and the like.

Upland (n.) The country, as distinguished from the neighborhood of towns.

Upland (a.) Of or pertaining to uplands; being on upland; high in situation; as, upland inhabitants; upland pasturage.

Upland (a.) Pertaining to the country, as distinguished from the neighborhood of towns; rustic; rude; unpolished.

Uplander (n.) One dwelling in the upland; hence, a countryman; a rustic.

Uplander (n.) The upland sandpiper.

Uplandish (a.) Of or pertaining to uplands; dwelling on high lands.

Uplandish (a.) Rude; rustic; unpolished; uncivilized.

Uplay (v. t.) To hoard.

Uplead (v. t.) To lead upward.

Uplean (v. i.) To lean or incline upon anything.

Uplifting (imp. & p. p.) of Uplift

Uplift (v. t.) To lift or raise aloft; to raise; to elevate; as, to uplift the arm; to uplift a rock.

Uplift (n.) A raising or upheaval of strata so as to disturb their regularity and uniformity, and to occasion folds, dislocations, and the like.

Up-line (n.) A line or track leading from the provinces toward the metropolis or a principal terminus; the track upon which up-trains run. See Up-train.

Uplock (v. t.) To lock up.

Uplook (v. i.) To look or gaze up.

Upmost (a.) Highest; topmost; uppermost.

Upokororo (n.) An edible fresh-water New Zealand fish (Prototroctes oxyrhynchus) of the family Haplochitonidae. In general appearance and habits, it resembles the northern lake whitefishes and trout. Called also grayling.

Upon (prep.) On; -- used in all the senses of that word, with which it is interchangeable.

Uppent (a.) A Pent up; confined.

Upper (comp.) Being further up, literally or figuratively; higher in place, position, rank, dignity, or the like; superior; as, the upper lip; the upper side of a thing; the upper house of a legislature.

Upper (n.) The upper leather for a shoe; a vamp.

Uppermost (a.) Highest in place, position, rank, power, or the like; upmost; supreme.

Uppertendom (n.) The highest class in society; the upper ten. See Upper ten, under Upper.

Uppile (v. t.) To pile, or heap, up.

Uppish (a.) Proud; arrogant; assuming; putting on airs of superiority.

Upplight () imp. & p. p. of Uppluck.

Uppluck (v. t.) To pull or pluck up.

Uppricked (a.) Upraised; erect; -- said of the ears of an animal.

Upprop (v. t.) To prop up.

Upraise (v. t.) To raise; to lift up.

Uprear (v. t.) To raise; to erect.

Upridged (a.) Raised up in a ridge or ridges; as, a billow upridged.

Upright (a.) In an erect position or posture; perpendicular; vertical, or nearly vertical; pointing upward; as, an upright tree.

Upright (a.) Morally erect; having rectitude; honest; just; as, a man upright in all his ways.

Upright (a.) Conformable to moral rectitude.

Upright (a.) Stretched out face upward; flat on the back.

Upright (n.) Something standing upright, as a piece of timber in a building. See Illust. of Frame.

Uprighteously (adv.) In an upright or just manner.

Uprightly (adv.) In an upright manner.

Uprightness (n.) the quality or state of being upright.

Uprise (v. i.) To rise; to get up; to appear from below the horizon.

Uprise (v. i.) To have an upward direction or inclination.

Uprise (n.) The act of rising; appearance above the horizon; rising.

Uprising (n.) Act of rising; also, a steep place; an ascent.

Uprising (n.) An insurrection; a popular revolt.

Uprist (n.) Uprising.

Uprist () imp. of Uprise. Uprose.

Uproar (n.) Great tumult; violent disturbance and noise; noisy confusion; bustle and clamor.

Uproar (v. t.) To throw into uproar or confusion.

Uproar (v. i.) To make an uproar.

Uproarious (a.) Making, or accompanied by, uproar, or noise and tumult; as, uproarious merriment.

Uproll (v. t.) To roll up.

Uproot (v. t.) To root up; to tear up by the roots, or as if by the roots; to remove utterly; to eradicate; to extirpate.

Uprouse (v. t.) To rouse up; to rouse from sleep; to awake; to arouse.

Uprun (v. i.) To run up; to ascend.

Uprush (v. i.) To rush upward.

Uprush (n.) Act of rushing upward; an upbreak or upburst; as, an uprush of lava.

Upsarokas (n. pl.) See Crows.

Upseek (v. i.) To seek or strain upward.

Upsend (v. t.) To send, cast, or throw up.

Upset (v. t.) To set up; to put upright.

Upset (v. t.) To thicken and shorten, as a heated piece of iron, by hammering on the end.

Upset (v. t.) To shorten (a tire) in the process of resetting, originally by cutting it and hammering on the ends.

Upset (v. t.) To overturn, overthrow, or overset; as, to upset a carriage; to upset an argument.

Upset (v. t.) To disturb the self-possession of; to disorder the nerves of; to make ill; as, the fright upset her.

Upset (v. i.) To become upset.

Upset (a.) Set up; fixed; determined; -- used chiefly or only in the phrase upset price; that is, the price fixed upon as the minimum for property offered in a public sale, or, in an auction, the price at which property is set up or started by the auctioneer, and the lowest price at which it will be sold.

Upset (n.) The act of upsetting, or the state of being upset; an overturn; as, the wagon had an upset.

Upsetting (a.) Conceited; assuming; as, an upsetting fellow.

Upshoot (v. i.) To shoot upward.

Upshot (n.) Final issue; conclusion; the sum and substance; the end; the result; the consummation.

Upside (n.) The upper side; the part that is uppermost.

Upsidown (adv.) See Upsodown.

Upsitting (n.) A sitting up of a woman after her confinement, to receive and entertain her friends.

Upskip (n.) An upstart.

Upsnatch (v. t.) To snatch up.

Upsoar (v. i.) To soar or mount up.

Upsodown (adv.) Upside down.

Upspear (v. i.) To grow or shoot up like a spear; as, upspearing grass.

Upspring (v. i.) To spring up.

Upspring (n.) An upstart.

Upspring (n.) A spring or leap into the air.

Upspurner (n.) A spurner or contemner; a despiser; a scoffer.

Upstairs (adv.) Up the stairs; in or toward an upper story.

Upstairs (a.) Being above stairs; as, an upstairs room.

Upstand (v. i.) To stand up; to be erected; to rise.

Upstare (v. i.) To stare or stand upward; hence, to be uplifted or conspicuous.

Upstart (v. i.) To start or spring up suddenly.

Upstart (n.) One who has risen suddenly, as from low life to wealth, power, or honor; a parvenu.

Upstart (n.) The meadow saffron.

Upstart (a.) Suddenly raised to prominence or consequence.

Upstay (v. t.) To sustain; to support.

Upsterte () imp. & p. p. of Upstart.

Upstir (n.) Insurrection; commotion; disturbance.

Upstream (adv.) Toward the higher part of a stream; against the current.

Upstreet (adv.) Toward the higher part of a street; as, to walk upstreet.

Upstroke (n.) An upward stroke, especially the stroke, or line, made by a writing instrument when moving upward, or from the body of the writer, or a line corresponding to the part of a letter thus made.

Upsun (n.) The time during which the sun is up, or above the horizon; the time between sunrise and sunset.

Upswarm (v. i. & i.) To rise, or cause to rise, in a swarm or swarms.

Upsway (v. t.) To sway or swing aloft; as, to upsway a club.

Upswell (v. i.) To swell or rise up.

Upsyturvy (adv.) Upside down; topsy-turvy.

Uptails all () An old game at cards.

Uptails all () Revelers; roysterers.

Uptails all () Revelry; confusion; frolic.

Uptake (v. t.) To take into the hand; to take up; to help.

Uptake (n.) The pipe leading upward from the smoke box of a steam boiler to the chimney, or smokestack; a flue leading upward.

Uptake (n.) Understanding; apprehension.

Uptear (v. t.) To tear up.

Upthrow (v. t.) To throw up.

Upthrow (n.) See Throw, n., 9.

Upthunder (v. i.) To send up a noise like thunder.

Uptie (v. t.) To tie up.

Uptill (prep.) To; against.

Uptown (adv.) To or in the upper part of a town; as, to go uptown.

Uptown (a.) Situated in, or belonging to, the upper part of a town or city; as, a uptown street, shop, etc.; uptown society.

Uptrace (v. t.) To trace up or out.

Uptrain (v. t.) To train up; to educate.

Up-train () A train going in the direction of the metropolis or the main terminus.

Up-train () A train going in the direction conventionally called up.

Upturn (v. t.) To turn up; to direct upward; to throw up; as, to upturn the ground in plowing.

Upupa (n.) A genus of birds which includes the common hoopoe.

Upwaft (v. t.) To waft upward.

Upward (adv.) Alt. of Upwards

Upwards (adv.) In a direction from lower to higher; toward a higher place; in a course toward the source or origin; -- opposed to downward; as, to tend or roll upward.

Upwards (adv.) In the upper parts; above.

Upwards (adv.) Yet more; indefinitely more; above; over.

Upward (a.) Directed toward a higher place; as, with upward eye; with upward course.

Upward (n.) The upper part; the top.

Upwhirl (v. t. & i.) To rise upward in a whirl; to raise upward with a whirling motion.

Upwind (v. t.) To wind up.

Upwreath (v. i.) To rise with a curling motion; to curl upward, as smoke.

Upyat () imp. of Upgive.

Ypight (p. p.) See Pight.

Ypocras (n.) Hippocras.

Ypres lace () Fine bobbin lace made at Ypres in Belgium, usually exactly like Valenciennes lace.

Ypsiliform (a.) Resembling the / in appearance; -- said of the germinal spot in the ripe egg at one of the stages of fecundation.

Ypsiloid (a.) In the form of the letter Y; Y-shaped.









About the author

Mark McCracken

Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".

Copyright © 2011 by Mark McCracken, All Rights Reserved.