Words whose second letter is R

Ar (conj.) Ere; before.

Ara (n.) The Altar; a southern constellation, south of the tail of the Scorpion.

Ara (n.) A name of the great blue and yellow macaw (Ara ararauna), native of South America.

Arab (n.) One of a swarthy race occupying Arabia, and numerous in Syria, Northern Africa, etc.

Arabesque (n.) A style of ornamentation either painted, inlaid, or carved in low relief. It consists of a pattern in which plants, fruits, foliage, etc., as well as figures of men and animals, real or imaginary, are fantastically interlaced or put together.

Arabesque (a.) Arabian.

Arabesque (a.) Relating to, or exhibiting, the style of ornament called arabesque; as, arabesque frescoes.

Arabesqued (a.) Ornamented in the style of arabesques.

Arabian (a.) Of or pertaining to Arabia or its inhabitants.

Arabian (n.) A native of Arabia; an Arab.

Arabic (a.) Of or pertaining to Arabia or the Arabians.

Arabic (n.) The language of the Arabians.

Arabical (a.) Relating to Arabia; Arabic.

Arabin (n.) A carbohydrate, isomeric with cane sugar, contained in gum arabic, from which it is extracted as a white, amorphous substance.

Arabin (n.) Mucilage, especially that made of gum arabic.

Arabinose (n.) A sugar of the composition C5H10O5, obtained from cherry gum by boiling it with dilute sulphuric acid.

Arabism (n.) An Arabic idiom peculiarly of language.

Arabist (n.) One well versed in the Arabic language or literature; also, formerly, one who followed the Arabic system of surgery.

Arable (a.) Fit for plowing or tillage; -- hence, often applied to land which has been plowed or tilled.

Arable (n.) Arable land; plow land.

Araby (n.) The country of Arabia.

Aracanese (a.) Of or pertaining to Aracan, a province of British Burmah.

Aracanese (n. sing. & pl.) A native or natives of Aracan.

Aracari (n.) A South American bird, of the genus Pleroglossius, allied to the toucans. There are several species.

Arace (v. t.) To tear up by the roots; to draw away.

Araceous (a.) Of or pertaining to an order of plants, of which the genus Arum is the type.

Arachnid (n.) An arachnidan.

Arachnida (n. pl.) One of the classes of Arthropoda. See Illustration in Appendix.

Arachnidan (n.) One of the Arachnida.

Arachnidial (a.) Of or pertaining to the Arachnida.

Arachnidial (a.) Pertaining to the arachnidium.

Arachnidium (n.) The glandular organ in which the material for the web of spiders is secreted.

Arachnitis (n.) Inflammation of the arachnoid membrane.

Arachnoid (a.) Resembling a spider's web; cobweblike.

Arachnoid (a.) Pertaining to a thin membrane of the brain and spinal cord, between the dura mater and pia mater.

Arachnoid (a.) Covered with, or composed of, soft, loose hairs or fibers, so as to resemble a cobweb; cobwebby.

Arachnoid (n.) The arachnoid membrane.

Arachnoid (n.) One of the Arachnoidea.

Arachnoidal (a.) Pertaining to the arachnoid membrane; arachnoid.

Arachnoidea (n. pl.) Same as Arachnida.

Arachnological (a.) Of or pertaining to arachnology.

Arachnologist (n.) One who is versed in, or studies, arachnology.

Arachnology (n.) The department of zoology which treats of spiders and other Arachnida.

Araeometer () See Areometer.

Araeostyle (a. & n.) See Intercolumniation.

Araeosystyle (a. & n.) See Intercolumniation.

Aragonese (a.) Of or pertaining to Aragon, in Spain, or to its inhabitants.

Aragonese (n. sing. & pl.) A native or natives of Aragon, in Spain.

Aragonite (n.) A mineral identical in composition with calcite or carbonate of lime, but differing from it in its crystalline form and some of its physical characters.

Araguato (n.) A South American monkey, the ursine howler (Mycetes ursinus). See Howler, n., 2.

Araise (v. t.) To raise.

Arak (n.) Same as Arrack.

Aramaean (a.) Alt. of Aramean

Aramean (a.) Of or pertaining to the Syrians and Chaldeans, or to their language; Aramaic.

Aramean (n.) A native of Aram.

Aramaic (a.) Pertaining to Aram, or to the territory, inhabitants, language, or literature of Syria and Mesopotamia; Aramaean; -- specifically applied to the northern branch of the Semitic family of languages, including Syriac and Chaldee.

Aramaic (n.) The Aramaic language.

Aramaism (n.) An idiom of the Aramaic.

Araneida (n. pl.) Alt. of Araneoidea

Araneoidea (n. pl.) See Araneina.

Araneidan (a.) Of or pertaining to the Araneina or spiders.

Araneidan (n.) One of the Araneina; a spider.

Araneiform (a.) Having the form of a spider.

Araneina (n. pl.) The order of Arachnida that includes the spiders.

Araneose (a.) Of the aspect of a spider's web; arachnoid.

Araneous (a.) Cobweblike; extremely thin and delicate, like a cobweb; as, the araneous membrane of the eye. See Arachnoid.

Arangoes (pl. ) of Arango

Arango (n.) A bead of rough carnelian. Arangoes were formerly imported from Bombay for use in the African slave trade.

Arapaima (n.) A large fresh-water food fish of South America.

Arara (n.) The palm (or great black) cockatoo, of Australia (Microglossus aterrimus).

Aration (n.) Plowing; tillage.

Aratory (a.) Contributing to tillage.

Araucaria (n.) A genus of tall conifers of the pine family. The species are confined mostly to South America and Australia. The wood cells differ from those of other in having the dots in their lateral surfaces in two or three rows, and the dots of contiguous rows alternating. The seeds are edible.

Araucarian (a.) Relating to, or of the nature of, the Araucaria. The earliest conifers in geological history were mostly Araucarian.

Arbalest (n.) Alt. of Arbalist

Arbalist (n.) A crossbow, consisting of a steel bow set in a shaft of wood, furnished with a string and a trigger, and a mechanical device for bending the bow. It served to throw arrows, darts, bullets, etc.

Arbalester (n.) Alt. of Arbalister

Arbalister (n.) A crossbowman.

Arbiter (n.) A person appointed, or chosen, by parties to determine a controversy between them.

Arbiter (n.) Any person who has the power of judging and determining, or ordaining, without control; one whose power of deciding and governing is not limited.

Arbiter (v. t.) To act as arbiter between.

Arbitrable (v. t.) Capable of being decided by arbitration; determinable.

Arbitrage (n.) Judgment by an arbiter; authoritative determination.

Arbitrage (n.) A traffic in bills of exchange (see Arbitration of Exchange); also, a traffic in stocks which bear differing values at the same time in different markets.

Arbitral (a.) Of or relating to an arbiter or an arbitration.

Arbitrament (n.) Determination; decision; arbitration.

Arbitrament (n.) The award of arbitrators.

Arbitrarily (adv.) In an arbitrary manner; by will only; despotically; absolutely.

Arbitrariness (n.) The quality of being arbitrary; despoticalness; tyranny.

Arbitrarious (a.) Arbitrary; despotic.

Arbitrary (a.) Depending on will or discretion; not governed by any fixed rules; as, an arbitrary decision; an arbitrary punishment.

Arbitrary (a.) Exercised according to one's own will or caprice, and therefore conveying a notion of a tendency to abuse the possession of power.

Arbitrary (a.) Despotic; absolute in power; bound by no law; harsh and unforbearing; tyrannical; as, an arbitrary prince or government.

Arbitrated (imp. & p. p.) of Arbitrate

Arbitrating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Arbitrate

Arbitrate (v. t.) To hear and decide, as arbitrators; as, to choose to arbitrate a disputed case.

Arbitrate (v. t.) To decide, or determine generally.

Arbitrate (v. i.) To decide; to determine.

Arbitrate (v. i.) To act as arbitrator or judge; as, to arbitrate upon several reports; to arbitrate in disputes among neighbors; to arbitrate between parties to a suit.

Arbitration (n.) The hearing and determination of a cause between parties in controversy, by a person or persons chosen by the parties.

Arbitrator (n.) A person, or one of two or more persons, chosen by parties who have a controversy, to determine their differences. See Arbitration.

Arbitrator (n.) One who has the power of deciding or prescribing without control; a ruler; a governor.

Arbitratrix (n.) A female who arbitrates or judges.

Arbitress (n.) A female arbiter; an arbitratrix.

Arblast (n.) A crossbow. See Arbalest.

Arbor (n.) A kind of latticework formed of, or covered with, vines, branches of trees, or other plants, for shade; a bower.

Arbor (n.) A tree, as distinguished from a shrub.

Arbor (n.) An axle or spindle of a wheel or opinion.

Arbor (n.) A mandrel in lathe turning.

Arborary (a.) Of or pertaining to trees; arboreal.

Arborator (n.) One who plants or who prunes trees.

Arbor Dianae () A precipitation of silver, in a beautiful arborescent form.

Arboreal (a.) Of or pertaining to a tree, or to trees; of nature of trees.

Arboreal (a.) Attached to, found in or upon, or frequenting, woods or trees; as, arboreal animals.

Arbored (a.) Furnished with an arbor; lined with trees.

Arboreous (a.) Having the form, constitution, or habits, of a proper tree, in distinction from a shrub.

Arboreous (a.) Pertaining to, or growing on, trees; as, arboreous moss.

Arborescence (n.) The state of being arborescent; the resemblance to a tree in minerals, or crystallizations, or groups of crystals in that form; as, the arborescence produced by precipitating silver.

Arborescent (a.) Resembling a tree; becoming woody in stalk; dendritic; having crystallizations disposed like the branches and twigs of a tree.

Arboret (n.) A small tree or shrub.

Arboreta (pl. ) of Arboretum

Arboretum (n.) A place in which a collection of rare trees and shrubs is cultivated for scientific or educational purposes.

Arborical (a.) Relating to trees.

Arboricole (a.) Tree-inhabiting; -- said of certain birds.

Arboricultural (a.) Pertaining to arboriculture.

Arboriculture (n.) The cultivation of trees and shrubs, chiefly for timber or for ornamental purposes.

Arboriculturist (n.) One who cultivates trees.

Arboriform (a.) Treelike in shape.

Arborist (n.) One who makes trees his study, or who is versed in the knowledge of trees.

Arborization (n.) The appearance or figure of a tree or plant, as in minerals or fossils; a dendrite.

Arborized (a.) Having a treelike appearance.

Arborous (a.) Formed by trees.

Arbor vine () A species of bindweed.

Arbor vitae () An evergreen tree of the cypress tribe, genus Thuja. The American species is the T. occidentalis.

Arbor vitae () The treelike disposition of the gray and white nerve tissues in the cerebellum, as seen in a vertical section.

Arbuscle (n.) A dwarf tree, one in size between a shrub and a tree; a treelike shrub.

Arbuscular (a.) Of or pertaining to a dwarf tree; shrublike.

Arbustive (a.) Containing copses of trees or shrubs; covered with shrubs.

Arbutus (n.) Alt. of Arbute

Arbute (n.) The strawberry tree, a genus of evergreen shrubs, of the Heath family. It has a berry externally resembling the strawberry; the arbute tree.

Arc (n.) A portion of a curved line; as, the arc of a circle or of an ellipse.

Arc (n.) A curvature in the shape of a circular arc or an arch; as, the colored arc (the rainbow); the arc of Hadley's quadrant.

Arc (n.) An arch.

Arc (n.) The apparent arc described, above or below the horizon, by the sun or other celestial body. The diurnal arc is described during the daytime, the nocturnal arc during the night.

Arcade (n.) A series of arches with the columns or piers which support them, the spandrels above, and other necessary appurtenances; sometimes open, serving as an entrance or to give light; sometimes closed at the back (as in the cut) and forming a decorative feature.

Arcade (n.) A long, arched building or gallery.

Arcade (n.) An arched or covered passageway or avenue.

Arcaded (a.) Furnished with an arcade.

Arcadia (n.) A mountainous and picturesque district of Greece, in the heart of the Peloponnesus, whose people were distinguished for contentment and rural happiness.

Arcadia (n.) Fig.: Any region or scene of simple pleasure and untroubled quiet.

Arcadian (a.) Alt. of Arcadic

Arcadic (a.) Of or pertaining to Arcadia; pastoral; ideally rural; as, Arcadian simplicity or scenery.

Arcane (a.) Hidden; secret.

Arcana (pl. ) of Arcanum

Arcanum (n.) A secret; a mystery; -- generally used in the plural.

Arcanum (n.) A secret remedy; an elixir.

Arcboutant (n.) A flying buttress.

Arch (n.) Any part of a curved line.

Arch (n.) Usually a curved member made up of separate wedge-shaped solids, with the joints between them disposed in the direction of the radii of the curve; used to support the wall or other weight above an opening. In this sense arches are segmental, round (i. e., semicircular), or pointed.

Arch (n.) A flat arch is a member constructed of stones cut into wedges or other shapes so as to support each other without rising in a curve.

Arch (n.) Any place covered by an arch; an archway; as, to pass into the arch of a bridge.

Arch (n.) Any curvature in the form of an arch; as, the arch of the aorta.

Arched (imp. & p. p.) of Arch

Arching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Arch

Arch (v. t.) To cover with an arch or arches.

Arch (v. t.) To form or bend into the shape of an arch.

Arch (v. i.) To form into an arch; to curve.

Arch- () A prefix signifying chief, as in archbuilder, archfiend.

Arch (a.) Chief; eminent; greatest; principal.

Arch (a.) Cunning or sly; sportively mischievous; roguish; as, an arch look, word, lad.

Arch (n.) A chief.

-arch (a.) A suffix meaning a ruler, as in monarch (a sole ruler).

Archaean (a.) Ancient; pertaining to the earliest period in geological history.

Archaean (n.) The earliest period in geological period, extending up to the Lower Silurian. It includes an Azoic age, previous to the appearance of life, and an Eozoic age, including the earliest forms of life.

Archaeography (n.) A description of, or a treatise on, antiquity or antiquities.

Archaeolithic (a.) Of or pertaining to the earliest Stone age; -- applied to a prehistoric period preceding the Paleolithic age.

Archaeologian (n.) An archaeologist.

Archaeologic () Alt. of Archaeological

Archaeological () Relating to archaeology, or antiquities; as, archaeological researches.

Archaeologist (n.) One versed in archaeology; an antiquary.

Archaeology (n.) The science or study of antiquities, esp. prehistoric antiquities, such as the remains of buildings or monuments of an early epoch, inscriptions, implements, and other relics, written manuscripts, etc.

Archaeopteryx (n.) A fossil bird, of the Jurassic period, remarkable for having a long tapering tail of many vertebrae with feathers along each side, and jaws armed with teeth, with other reptilian characteristics.

Archaeostomatous (a.) Applied to a gastrula when the blastopore does not entirely close up.

Archaeozoic (a.) Like or belonging to the earliest forms of animal life.

Archaic (a.) Of or characterized by antiquity or archaism; antiquated; obsolescent.

Archaical (a.) Archaic.

Archaism (a.) An ancient, antiquated, or old-fashioned, word, expression, or idiom; a word or form of speech no longer in common use.

Archaism (a.) Antiquity of style or use; obsoleteness.

Archaist (n.) Am antiquary.

Archaist (n.) One who uses archaisms.

Archaistic (a.) Like, or imitative of, anything archaic; pertaining to an archaism.

Archaized (imp. & p. p.) of Archaize

Archaizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Archaize

Archaize (v. t.) To make appear archaic or antique.

Archangel (n.) A chief angel; one high in the celestial hierarchy.

Archangel (n.) A term applied to several different species of plants (Angelica archangelica, Lamium album, etc.).

Archangelic (a.) Of or pertaining to archangels; of the nature of, or resembling, an archangel.

Archbishop (n.) A chief bishop; a church dignitary of the first class (often called a metropolitan or primate) who superintends the conduct of the suffragan bishops in his province, and also exercises episcopal authority in his own diocese.

Archbishopric (n.) The jurisdiction or office of an archbishop; the see or province over which archbishop exercises archiepiscopal authority.

Arch brick () A wedge-shaped brick used in the building of an arch.

Archbutler (n.) A chief butler; -- an officer of the German empire.

Archchamberlain (n.) A chief chamberlain; -- an officer of the old German empire, whose office was similar to that of the great chamberlain in England.

Archchancellor (n.) A chief chancellor; -- an officer in the old German empire, who presided over the secretaries of the court.

Archchemic (a.) Of supreme chemical powers.

Archdeacon (n.) In England, an ecclesiastical dignitary, next in rank below a bishop, whom he assists, and by whom he is appointed, though with independent authority.

Archdeaconry (n.) The district, office, or residence of an archdeacon. See Benefice.

Archdeaconship (n.) The office of an archdeacon.

Archdiocese (n.) The diocese of an archbishop.

Archducal (a.) Of or pertaining to an archduke or archduchy.

Archduchess (n.) The consort of an archduke; also, a princess of the imperial family of Austria. See Archduke.

Archduchy (n.) The territory of an archduke or archduchess.

Archduke (n.) A prince of the imperial family of Austria.

Archdukedom (n.) An archduchy.

Archebiosis (n.) The origination of living matter from non-living. See Abiogenesis.

Arched (a.) Made with an arch or curve; covered with an arch; as, an arched door.

Archegonial (a.) Relating to the archegonium.

Archegonium (n.) The pistillidium or female organ in the higher cryptogamic plants, corresponding to the pistil in flowering plants.

Archegony (n.) Spontaneous generation; abiogenesis.

Archelogy (n.) The science of, or a treatise on, first principles.

Archencephala (n. pl.) The division that includes man alone.

Archenemy (n.) A principal enemy. Specifically, Satan, the grand adversary of mankind.

Archenteric (a.) Relating to the archenteron; as, archenteric invagination.

Archenteron (n.) The primitive enteron or undifferentiated digestive sac of a gastrula or other embryo. See Illust. under Invagination.

Archeology (a.) Alt. of Archeological

Archeological (a.) Same as Archaeology, etc.

Archer (n.) A bowman, one skilled in the use of the bow and arrow.

Archeress (n.) A female archer.

Archer fish () A small fish (Toxotes jaculator), of the East Indies; -- so called from its ejecting drops of water from its mouth at its prey. The name is also applied to Chaetodon rostratus.

Archership (n.) The art or skill of an archer.

Archery (n.) The use of the bow and arrows in battle, hunting, etc.; the art, practice, or skill of shooting with a bow and arrows.

Archery (n.) Archers, or bowmen, collectively.

Arches () pl. of Arch, n.

Archetypal (a.) Of or pertaining to an archetype; consisting a model (real or ideal) or pattern; original.

Archetypally (adv.) With reference to the archetype; originally. "Parts archetypally distinct."

Archetype (n.) The original pattern or model of a work; or the model from which a thing is made or formed.

Archetype (n.) The standard weight or coin by which others are adjusted.

Archetype (n.) The plan or fundamental structure on which a natural group of animals or plants or their systems of organs are assumed to have been constructed; as, the vertebrate archetype.

Archetypical (a.) Relating to an archetype; archetypal.

Archeus (n.) The vital principle or force which (according to the Paracelsians) presides over the growth and continuation of living beings; the anima mundi or plastic power of the old philosophers.

Archi- () A prefix signifying chief, arch; as, architect, archiepiscopal. In Biol. and Anat. it usually means primitive, original, ancestral; as, archipterygium, the primitive fin or wing.

Archiannelida (n. pl.) A group of Annelida remarkable for having no external segments or distinct ventral nerve ganglions.

Archiater (n.) Chief physician; -- a term applied, on the continent of Europe, to the first or body physician of princes and to the first physician of some cities.

Archiblastula (n.) A hollow blastula, supposed to be the primitive form; a c/loblastula.

Archical (pref.) Chief; primary; primordial.

Archidiaconal (a.) Of or pertaining to an archdeacon.

Archiepiscopacy (n.) That form of episcopacy in which the chief power is in the hands of archbishops.

Archiepiscopacy (n.) The state or dignity of an archbishop.

Archiepiscopal (a.) Of or pertaining to an archbishop; as, Canterbury is an archiepiscopal see.

Archiepiscopality (n.) The station or dignity of an archbishop; archiepiscopacy.

Archiepiscopate (n.) The office of an archbishop; an archbishopric.

Archierey (n.) The higher order of clergy in Russia, including metropolitans, archbishops, and bishops.

Archil (n.) A violet dye obtained from several species of lichen (Roccella tinctoria, etc.), which grow on maritime rocks in the Canary and Cape Verd Islands, etc.

Archil (n.) The plant from which the dye is obtained.

Archilochian (a.) Of or pertaining to the satiric Greek poet Archilochus; as, Archilochian meter.

Archimage (n.) Alt. of Archimagus

Archimagus (n.) The high priest of the Persian Magi, or worshipers of fire.

Archimagus (n.) A great magician, wizard, or enchanter.

Archimandrite (n.) A chief of a monastery, corresponding to abbot in the Roman Catholic church.

Archimandrite (n.) A superintendent of several monasteries, corresponding to superior abbot, or father provincial, in the Roman Catholic church.

Archimedean (a.) Of or pertaining to Archimedes, a celebrated Greek philosopher; constructed on the principle of Archimedes' screw; as, Archimedean drill, propeller, etc.

Archimedes (n.) An extinct genus of Bryzoa characteristic of the subcarboniferous rocks. Its form is that of a screw.

Arching (n.) The arched part of a structure.

Arching (n.) Hogging; -- opposed to sagging.

Archipelagic (a.) Of or pertaining to an archipelago.

-goes (pl. ) of Archipelago

-gos (pl. ) of Archipelago

Archipelago (n.) The Grecian Archipelago, or Aegean Sea, separating Greece from Asia Minor. It is studded with a vast number of small islands.

Archipelago (n.) Hence: Any sea or broad sheet of water interspersed with many islands or with a group of islands.

Archipterygium (n.) The primitive form of fin, like that of Ceratodus.

Architect (n.) A person skilled in the art of building; one who understands architecture, or makes it his occupation to form plans and designs of buildings, and to superintend the artificers employed.

Architect (n.) A contriver, designer, or maker.

Architective (a.) Used in building; proper for building.

Architectonic (a.) Alt. of Architectonical

Architectonical (a.) Pertaining to a master builder, or to architecture; evincing skill in designing or construction; constructive.

Architectonical (a.) Relating to the systemizing of knowledge.

Architectonic (n.) The science of architecture.

Architectonic (n.) The act of arranging knowledge into a system.

Architectonics (n.) The science of architecture.

Architector (n.) An architect.

Architectress (n.) A female architect.

Architectural (a.) Of or pertaining to the art of building; conformed to the rules of architecture.

Architecture (n.) The art or science of building; especially, the art of building houses, churches, bridges, and other structures, for the purposes of civil life; -- often called civil architecture.

Architecture (n.) Construction, in a more general sense; frame or structure; workmanship.

Architeuthis (n.) A genus of gigantic cephalopods, allied to the squids, found esp. in the North Atlantic and about New Zealand.

Architrave (n.) The lower division of an entablature, or that part which rests immediately on the column, esp. in classical architecture. See Column.

Architrave (n.) The group of moldings, or other architectural member, above and on both sides of a door or other opening, especially if square in form.

Architraved (a.) Furnished with an architrave.

Archival (a.) Pertaining to, or contained in, archives or records.

Archives (pl. ) of Archive

Archive (n.) The place in which public records or historic documents are kept.

Archive (n.) Public records or documents preserved as evidence of facts; as, the archives of a country or family.

Archivist (n.) A keeper of archives or records.

Archivolt (n.) The architectural member surrounding the curved opening of an arch, corresponding to the architrave in the case of a square opening.

Archivolt (n.) More commonly, the molding or other ornaments with which the wall face of the voussoirs of an arch is charged.

Archlute (n.) Alt. of Archilute

Archilute (n.) A large theorbo, or double-necked lute, formerly in use, having the bass strings doubled with an octave, and the higher strings with a unison.

Archly (adv.) In an arch manner; with attractive slyness or roguishness; slyly; waggishly.

Archmarshal (n.) The grand marshal of the old German empire, a dignity that to the Elector of Saxony.

Archness (n.) The quality of being arch; cleverness; sly humor free from malice; waggishness.

Archon (n.) One of the chief magistrates in ancient Athens, especially, by preeminence, the first of the nine chief magistrates.

Archonship (n.) The office of an archon.

Archontate (n.) An archon's term of office.

Archonts (p. pr.) The group including man alone.

Archprelate (n.) An archbishop or other chief prelate.

Archpresbyter (n.) Same as Archpriest.

Archpresbytery (n.) The absolute dominion of presbytery.

Archpriest (n.) A chief priest; also, a kind of vicar, or a rural dean.

Archprimate (n.) The chief primate.

Arch stone () A wedge-shaped stone used in an arch; a voussoir.

Archtraitor (n.) A chief or transcendent traitor.

Archtreasurer (n.) A chief treasurer. Specifically, the great treasurer of the German empire.

Archway (n.) A way or passage under an arch.

Archwife (n.) A big, masculine wife.

Archwise (adv.) Arch-shaped.

Archy (a.) Arched; as, archy brows.

archy () A suffix properly meaning a rule, ruling, as in monarchy, the rule of one only. Cf. -arch.

Arciform (a.) Having the form of an arch; curved.

Arcograph (n.) An instrument for drawing a circular arc without the use of a central point; a cyclograph.

Arctation (n.) Constriction or contraction of some natural passage, as in constipation from inflammation.

Arctic (a.) Pertaining to, or situated under, the northern constellation called the Bear; northern; frigid; as, the arctic pole, circle, region, ocean; an arctic expedition, night, temperature.

Arctic (n.) The arctic circle.

Arctic (n.) A warm waterproof overshoe.

Arctisca (n. pl.) A group of Arachnida. See Illust. in Appendix.

Arctogeal (a.) Of or pertaining to arctic lands; as, the arctogeal fauna.

Arctoidea (n. pl.) A group of the Carnivora, that includes the bears, weasels, etc.

Arcturus (n.) A fixed star of the first magnitude in the constellation Bootes.

Arcual (a.) Of or pertaining to an arc.

Arcuate (a.) Alt. of Arcuated

Arcuated (a.) Bent or curved in the form of a bow.

Arcuately (adv.) In the form of a bow.

Arcuation (n.) The act of bending or curving; incurvation; the state of being bent; crookedness.

Arcuation (n.) A mode of propagating trees by bending branches to the ground, and covering the small shoots with earth; layering.

Arcubalist (n.) A crossbow.

Arcubalister (n.) A crossbowman; one who used the arcubalist.

Arcubus (n.) See Arquebus.

-ard () Alt. of -art

-art () The termination of many English words; as, coward, reynard, drunkard, mostly from the French, in which language this ending is of German origin, being orig. the same word as English hard. It usually has the sense of one who has to a high or excessive degree the quality expressed by the root; as, braggart, sluggard.

Ardassine (n.) A very fine sort of Persian silk.

Ardency (n.) Heat.

Ardency (n.) Warmth of passion or affection; ardor; vehemence; eagerness; as, the ardency of love or zeal.

Ardent (a.) Hot or burning; causing a sensation of burning; fiery; as, ardent spirits, that is, distilled liquors; an ardent fever.

Ardent (a.) Having the appearance or quality of fire; fierce; glowing; shining; as, ardent eyes.

Ardent (a.) Warm, applied to the passions and affections; passionate; fervent; zealous; vehement; as, ardent love, feelings, zeal, hope, temper.

Ardently (adv.) In an ardent manner; eagerly; with warmth; affectionately; passionately.

Ardentness (n.) Ardency.

Ardor (n.) Heat, in a literal sense; as, the ardor of the sun's rays.

Ardor (n.) Warmth or heat of passion or affection; eagerness; zeal; as, he pursues study with ardor; the fought with ardor; martial ardor.

Ardor (n.) Bright and effulgent spirits; seraphim.

Arduous (a.) Steep and lofty, in a literal sense; hard to climb.

Arduous (a.) Attended with great labor, like the ascending of acclivities; difficult; laborious; as, an arduous employment, task, or enterprise.

Arduously (adv.) In an arduous manner; with difficulty or laboriousness.

Arduousness (n.) The quality of being arduous; difficulty of execution.

Ardurous (a.) Burning; ardent.

Are () The present indicative plural of the substantive verb to be; but etymologically a different word from be, or was. Am, art, are, and is, all come from the root as.

Are (n.) The unit of superficial measure, being a square of which each side is ten meters in length; 100 square meters, or about 119.6 square yards.

Areas (pl. ) of Area

Area (n.) Any plane surface, as of the floor of a room or church, or of the ground within an inclosure; an open space in a building.

Area (n.) The inclosed space on which a building stands.

Area (n.) The sunken space or court, giving ingress and affording light to the basement of a building.

Area (n.) An extent of surface; a tract of the earth's surface; a region; as, vast uncultivated areas.

Area (n.) The superficial contents of any figure; the surface included within any given lines; superficial extent; as, the area of a square or a triangle.

Area (n.) A spot or small marked space; as, the germinative area.

Area (n.) Extent; scope; range; as, a wide area of thought.

Aread (v. t.) Alt. of Areed

Areed (v. t.) To tell, declare, explain, or interpret; to divine; to guess; as, to aread a riddle or a dream.

Areed (v. t.) To read.

Areed (v. t.) To counsel, advise, warn, or direct.

Areed (v. t.) To decree; to adjudge.

Areal (a.) Of or pertaining to an area; as, areal interstices (the areas or spaces inclosed by the reticulate vessels of leaves).

Arear (v. t. & i.) To raise; to set up; to stir up.

Arear (adv.) Backward; in or to the rear; behindhand.

Areca (n.) A genus of palms, one species of which produces the areca nut, or betel nut, which is chewed in India with the leaf of the Piper Betle and lime.

Areek (adv. & a.) In a reeking condition.

Arefaction (n.) The act of drying, or the state of growing dry.

Arefy (v. t.) To dry, or make dry.

Arenas (pl. ) of Arena

Arenae (pl. ) of Arena

Arena (n.) The area in the central part of an amphitheater, in which the gladiators fought and other shows were exhibited; -- so called because it was covered with sand.

Arena (n.) Any place of public contest or exertion; any sphere of action; as, the arenaof debate; the arena of life.

Arena (n.) "Sand" or "gravel" in the kidneys.

Arenaceous (a.) Sandy or consisting largely of sand; of the nature of sand; easily disintegrating into sand; friable; as, arenaceous limestone.

Arenarious (a.) Sandy; as, arenarious soil.

Arenation (n.) A sand bath; application of hot sand to the body.

Arendator (n.) In some provinces of Russia, one who farms the rents or revenues.

Areng (n.) Alt. of Arenga

Arenga (n.) A palm tree (Saguerus saccharifer) which furnishes sago, wine, and fibers for ropes; the gomuti palm.

Arenicolite (n.) An ancient wormhole in sand, preserved in the rocks.

Arenilitic (a.) Of or pertaining to sandstone; as, arenilitic mountains.

Arenose (a.) Sandy; full of sand.

Arenulous (a.) Full of fine sand; like sand.

Areolae (pl. ) of Areola

Areola (n.) An interstice or small space, as between the cracks of the surface in certain crustaceous lichens; or as between the fibers composing organs or vessels that interlace; or as between the nervures of an insect's wing.

Areola (n.) The colored ring around the nipple, or around a vesicle or pustule.

Areolar (a.) Pertaining to, or like, an areola; filled with interstices or areolae.

Areolate (a.) Alt. of Areolated

Areolated (a.) Divided into small spaces or areolations, as the wings of insects, the leaves of plants, or the receptacle of compound flowers.

Areolation (n.) Division into areolae.

Areolation (n.) Any small space, bounded by some part different in color or structure, as the spaces bounded by the nervures of the wings of insects, or those by the veins of leaves; an areola.

Areole (n.) Same as Areola.

Areolet (n.) A small inclosed area; esp. one of the small spaces on the wings of insects, circumscribed by the veins.

Areometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the specific gravity of fluids; a form hydrometer.

Areometric (a.) Alt. of Areometrical

Areometrical (a.) Pertaining to, or measured by, an areometer.

Areometry (n.) The art or process of measuring the specific gravity of fluids.

Areopagist (n.) See Areopagite.

Areopagite (n.) A member of the Areopagus.

Areopagitic (a.) Pertaining to the Areopagus.

Areopagus (n.) The highest judicial court at Athens. Its sessions were held on Mars' Hill. Hence, any high court or tribunal

Areostyle (a. & n.) See Intercolumniation, and Araeostyle.

Areosystyle (a. & n.) See Intercolumniation, and Araeosystyle.

Arere (v. t. & i.) See Arear.

Arest (n.) A support for the spear when couched for the attack.

Aret (v. t.) To reckon; to ascribe; to impute.

Aretaics (n.) The ethical theory which excludes all relations between virtue and happiness; the science of virtue; -- contrasted with eudemonics.

Aretology (n.) That part of moral philosophy which treats of virtue, its nature, and the means of attaining to it.

Arew (adv.) In a row.

Argal (n.) Crude tartar. See Argol.

Argal (adv.) A ludicrous corruption of the Latin word ergo, therefore.

Argal (n.) Alt. of Argali

Argali (n.) A species of wild sheep (Ovis ammon, or O. argali), remarkable for its large horns. It inhabits the mountains of Siberia and central Asia.

Argala (n.) The adjutant bird.

Argand lamp () A lamp with a circular hollow wick and glass chimney which allow a current of air both inside and outside of the flame.

Argas (n.) A genus of venomous ticks which attack men and animals. The famous Persian Argas, also called Miana bug, is A. Persicus; that of Central America, called talaje by the natives, is A. Talaje.

Argean (a.) Pertaining to the ship Argo. See Argo.

Argent (n.) Silver, or money.

Argent (n.) Whiteness; anything that is white.

Argent (n.) The white color in coats of arms, intended to represent silver, or, figuratively, purity, innocence, beauty, or gentleness; -- represented in engraving by a plain white surface.

Argent (a.) Made of silver; of a silvery color; white; shining.

Argental (a.) Of or pertaining to silver; resembling, containing, or combined with, silver.

Argentan (n.) An alloy of nickel with copper and zinc; German silver.

Argentate (a.) Silvery white.

Argentation (n.) A coating or overlaying with silver.

Argentic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, silver; -- said of certain compounds of silver in which this metal has its lowest proportion; as, argentic chloride.

Argentiferous (a.) Producing or containing silver; as, argentiferous lead ore or veins.

Argentine (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, silver; made of, or sounding like, silver; silvery.

Argentine (a.) Of or pertaining to the Argentine Republic in South America.

Argentine (n.) A siliceous variety of calcite, or carbonate of lime, having a silvery-white, pearly luster, and a waving or curved lamellar structure.

Argentine (n.) White metal coated with silver.

Argentine (n.) A fish of Europe (Maurolicus Pennantii) with silvery scales. The name is also applied to various fishes of the genus Argentina.

Argentine (n.) A citizen of the Argentine Republic.

Argentite (n.) Sulphide of silver; -- also called vitreous silver, or silver glance. It has a metallic luster, a lead-gray color, and is sectile like lead.

Argentous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, silver; -- said of certain silver compounds in which silver has a higher proportion than in argentic compounds; as, argentous chloride.

Argentry (n.) Silver plate or vessels.

Argil (n.) Clay, or potter's earth; sometimes pure clay, or alumina. See Clay.

Argillaceous (a.) Of the nature of clay; consisting of, or containing, argil or clay; clayey.

Argilliferous (a.) Producing clay; -- applied to such earths as abound with argil.

Argillite (n.) Argillaceous schist or slate; clay slate. Its colors is bluish or blackish gray, sometimes greenish gray, brownish red, etc.

Argillo-areenaceous (a.) Consisting of, or containing, clay and sand, as a soil.

Argillo-calcareous (a.) Consisting of, or containing, clay and calcareous earth.

Argillo-ferruginous (a.) Containing clay and iron.

Argillous (a.) Argillaceous; clayey.

Argive (a.) Of or performance to Argos, the capital of Argolis in Greece.

Argive (n.) A native of Argos. Often used as a generic term, equivalent to Grecian or Greek.

Argo (n.) The name of the ship which carried Jason and his fifty-four companions to Colchis, in quest of the Golden Fleece.

Argo (n.) A large constellation in the southern hemisphere, called also Argo Navis. In modern astronomy it is replaced by its three divisions, Carina, Puppis, and Vela.

Argoan (a.) Pertaining to the ship Argo.

Argoile (n.) Potter's clay.

Argol (n.) Crude tartar; an acidulous salt from which cream of tartar is prepared. It exists in the juice of grapes, and is deposited from wines on the sides of the casks.

Argolic (a.) Pertaining to Argolis, a district in the Peloponnesus.

Argon (n.) A substance regarded as an element, contained in the atmosphere and remarkable for its chemical inertness.

Argonaut (n.) Any one of the legendary Greek heroes who sailed with Jason, in the Argo, in quest of the Golden Fleece.

Argonaut (n.) A cephalopod of the genus Argonauta.

Argonauta (n.) A genus of Cephalopoda. The shell is called paper nautilus or paper sailor.

Argonautic (a.) Of or pertaining to the Argonauts.

Argosies (pl. ) of Argosy

Argosy (n.) A large ship, esp. a merchant vessel of the largest size.

Argot (n.) A secret language or conventional slang peculiar to thieves, tramps, and vagabonds; flash.

Arguable (a.) Capable of being argued; admitting of debate.

Argued (imp. & p. p.) of Argue

Arguing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Argue

Argue (v. i.) To invent and offer reasons to support or overthrow a proposition, opinion, or measure; to use arguments; to reason.

Argue (v. i.) To contend in argument; to dispute; to reason; -- followed by with; as, you may argue with your friend without convincing him.

Argue (v. t.) To debate or discuss; to treat by reasoning; as, the counsel argued the cause before a full court; the cause was well argued.

Argue (v. t.) To prove or evince; too manifest or exhibit by inference, deduction, or reasoning.

Argue (v. t.) To persuade by reasons; as, to argue a man into a different opinion.

Argue (v. t.) To blame; to accuse; to charge with.

Arguer (n.) One who argues; a reasoner; a disputant.

Argufy (v. t. & i.) To argue pertinaciously.

Argufy (v. t. & i.) To signify.

Argulus (n.) A genus of copepod Crustacea, parasitic of fishes; a fish louse. See Branchiura.

Argument (n.) Proof; evidence.

Argument (n.) A reason or reasons offered in proof, to induce belief, or convince the mind; reasoning expressed in words; as, an argument about, concerning, or regarding a proposition, for or in favor of it, or against it.

Argument (n.) A process of reasoning, or a controversy made up of rational proofs; argumentation; discussion; disputation.

Argument (n.) The subject matter of a discourse, writing, or artistic representation; theme or topic; also, an abstract or summary, as of the contents of a book, chapter, poem.

Argument (n.) Matter for question; business in hand.

Argument (n.) The quantity on which another quantity in a table depends; as, the altitude is the argument of the refraction.

Argument (n.) The independent variable upon whose value that of a function depends.

Argument (v. i.) To make an argument; to argue.

Argumentable (a.) Admitting of argument.

Argumental (a.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, argument; argumentative.

Argumentation (n.) The act of forming reasons, making inductions, drawing conclusions, and applying them to the case in discussion; the operation of inferring propositions, not known or admitted as true, from facts or principles known, admitted, or proved to be true.

Argumentation (n.) Debate; discussion.

Argumentative (a.) Consisting of, or characterized by, argument; containing a process of reasoning; as, an argumentative discourse.

Argumentative (a.) Adductive as proof; indicative; as, the adaptation of things to their uses is argumentative of infinite wisdom in the Creator.

Argumentative (a.) Given to argument; characterized by argument; disputatious; as, an argumentative writer.

Argumentize (v. i.) To argue or discuss.

Argus (n.) A fabulous being of antiquity, said to have had a hundred eyes, who has placed by Juno to guard Io. His eyes were transplanted to the peacock's tail.

Argus (n.) One very vigilant; a guardian always watchful.

Argus (n.) A genus of East Indian pheasants. The common species (A. giganteus) is remarkable for the great length and beauty of the wing and tail feathers of the male. The species A. Grayi inhabits Borneo.

Argus-eyed (a.) Extremely observant; watchful; sharp-sighted.

Argus shell () A species of shell (Cypraea argus), beautifully variegated with spots resembling those in a peacock's tail.

Argutation (n.) Caviling; subtle disputation.

Argute (a.) Sharp; shrill.

Argute (a.) Sagacious; acute; subtle; shrewd.

Argutely (adv.) In a subtle; shrewdly.

Arguteness (n.) Acuteness.

Arhizal (a.) Alt. of Arhythmous

Arhizous (a.) Alt. of Arhythmous

Arhythmic (a.) Alt. of Arhythmous

Arhythmous (a.) See Arrhizal, Arrhizous, Arrhythmic, Arrhythmous.

Aria (n.) An air or song; a melody; a tune.

Arian (a. & n.) See Aryan.

Arian (a.) Pertaining to Arius, a presbyter of the church of Alexandria, in the fourth century, or to the doctrines of Arius, who held Christ to be inferior to God the Father in nature and dignity, though the first and noblest of all created beings.

Arian (n.) One who adheres to or believes the doctrines of Arius.

Arianism (n.) The doctrines of the Arians.

Arianize (v. i.) To admit or accept the tenets of the Arians; to become an Arian.

Arianize (v. t.) To convert to Arianism.

Aricine (n.) An alkaloid, first found in white cinchona bark.

Arid (a.) Exhausted of moisture; parched with heat; dry; barren.

Aridities (pl. ) of Aridity

Aridity (n.) The state or quality of being arid or without moisture; dryness.

Aridity (n.) Fig.: Want of interest of feeling; insensibility; dryness of style or feeling; spiritual drought.

Aridness (n.) Aridity; dryness.

Ariel () Alt. of Ariel gazelle

Ariel gazelle () A variety of the gazelle (Antilope, / Gazella, dorcas), found in Arabia and adjacent countries.

Ariel gazelle () A squirrel-like Australian marsupial, a species of Petaurus.

Ariel gazelle () A beautiful Brazilian toucan Ramphastos ariel).

Aries (n.) The Ram; the first of the twelve signs in the zodiac, which the sun enters at the vernal equinox, about the 21st of March.

Aries (n.) A constellation west of Taurus, drawn on the celestial globe in the figure of a ram.

Aries (n.) A battering-ram.

Arietate (v. i.) To butt, as a ram.

Arietation (n.) The act of butting like a ram; act of using a battering-ram.

Arietation (n.) Act of striking or conflicting.

Arietta (n.) Alt. of Ariette

Ariette (n.) A short aria, or air.

Aright (adv.) Rightly; correctly; in a right way or form; without mistake or crime; as, to worship God aright.

Aril (n.) Alt. of Arillus

Arillus (n.) A exterior covering, forming a false coat or appendage to a seed, as the loose, transparent bag inclosing the seed or the white water lily. The mace of the nutmeg is also an aril.

Arillate (a.) Alt. of Ariled

Arllated (a.) Alt. of Ariled

Ariled (a.) Having an aril.

Ariman (n.) See Ahriman.

Ariolation (n.) A soothsaying; a foretelling.

Ariose (a.) Characterized by melody, as distinguished from harmony.

Arioso (adv. & a.) In the smooth and melodious style of an air; ariose.

Arose (imp.) of Arise

Arising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Arise

Arisen (p. p.) of Arise

Arise (v. i.) To come up from a lower to a higher position; to come above the horizon; to come up from one's bed or place of repose; to mount; to ascend; to rise; as, to arise from a kneeling posture; a cloud arose; the sun ariseth; he arose early in the morning.

Arise (v. i.) To spring up; to come into action, being, or notice; to become operative, sensible, or visible; to begin to act a part; to present itself; as, the waves of the sea arose; a persecution arose; the wrath of the king shall arise.

Arise (v. i.) To proceed; to issue; to spring.

Arise (n.) Rising.

Arist () 3d sing. pres. of Arise, for ariseth.

Arista (n.) An awn.

Aristarch (n.) A severe critic.

Aristarchian (a.) Severely critical.

Aristarchy (n.) Severely criticism.

Aristarchy (n.) Severe criticism.

Aristate (a.) Having a pointed, beardlike process, as the glumes of wheat; awned.

Aristate (a.) Having a slender, sharp, or spinelike tip.

Aristocracies (pl. ) of Aristocracy

Aristocracy (n.) Government by the best citizens.

Aristocracy (n.) A ruling body composed of the best citizens.

Aristocracy (n.) A form a government, in which the supreme power is vested in the principal persons of a state, or in a privileged order; an oligarchy.

Aristocracy (n.) The nobles or chief persons in a state; a privileged class or patrician order; (in a popular use) those who are regarded as superior to the rest of the community, as in rank, fortune, or intellect.

Aristocrat (n.) One of the aristocracy or people of rank in a community; one of a ruling class; a noble.

Aristocrat (n.) One who is overbearing in his temper or habits; a proud or haughty person.

Aristocrat (n.) One who favors an aristocracy as a form of government, or believes the aristocracy should govern.

Aristocratic (a.) Alt. of Aristocratical

Aristocratical (a.) Of or pertaining to an aristocracy; consisting in, or favoring, a government of nobles, or principal men; as, an aristocratic constitution.

Aristocratical (a.) Partaking of aristocracy; befitting aristocracy; characteristic of, or originating with, the aristocracy; as, an aristocratic measure; aristocratic pride or manners.

Aristocratism (n.) The principles of aristocrats.

Aristocratism (n.) Aristocrats, collectively.

Aristology (n.) The science of dining.

Aristophanic (a.) Of or pertaining to Aristophanes, the Athenian comic poet.

Aristotelian (a.) Of or pertaining to Aristotle, the famous Greek philosopher (384-322 b. c.).

Aristotelian (n.) A follower of Aristotle; a Peripatetic. See Peripatetic.

Aristotelianism () The philosophy of Aristotle, otherwise called the Peripatetic philosophy.

Aristotelic (a.) Pertaining to Aristotle or to his philosophy.

Aristotle's lantern () The five united jaws and accessory ossicles of certain sea urchins.

Aristulate (a.) Having a short beard or awn.

Arithmancy (n.) Divination by means of numbers.

Arithmetic (n.) The science of numbers; the art of computation by figures.

Arithmetic (n.) A book containing the principles of this science.

Arithmetical (a.) Of or pertaining to arithmetic; according to the rules or method of arithmetic.

Arithmetically (adv.) Conformably to the principles or methods of arithmetic.

Arithmetician (n.) One skilled in arithmetic.

Arithmomancy (n.) Arithmancy.

Arithmometer (n.) A calculating machine.

Ark (n.) A chest, or coffer.

Ark (n.) The oblong chest of acacia wood, overlaid with gold, which supported the mercy seat with its golden cherubs, and occupied the most sacred place in the sanctuary. In it Moses placed the two tables of stone containing the ten commandments. Called also the Ark of the Covenant.

Ark (n.) The large, chestlike vessel in which Noah and his family were preserved during the Deluge. Gen. vi. Hence: Any place of refuge.

Ark (n.) A large flatboat used on Western American rivers to transport produce to market.

Arkite (a.) Belonging to the ark.

Ark shell () A marine bivalve shell belonging to the genus Arca and its allies.

Arles (n. pl.) An earnest; earnest money; money paid to bind a bargain.

Arm (n.) The limb of the human body which extends from the shoulder to the hand; also, the corresponding limb of a monkey.

Arm (n.) Anything resembling an arm

Arm (n.) The fore limb of an animal, as of a bear.

Arm (n.) A limb, or locomotive or prehensile organ, of an invertebrate animal.

Arm (n.) A branch of a tree.

Arm (n.) A slender part of an instrument or machine, projecting from a trunk, axis, or fulcrum; as, the arm of a steelyard.

Arm (n.) The end of a yard; also, the part of an anchor which ends in the fluke.

Arm (n.) An inlet of water from the sea.

Arm (n.) A support for the elbow, at the side of a chair, the end of a sofa, etc.

Arm (n.) Fig.: Power; might; strength; support; as, the secular arm; the arm of the law.

Arm (n.) A branch of the military service; as, the cavalry arm was made efficient.

Arm (n.) A weapon of offense or defense; an instrument of warfare; -- commonly in the pl.

Armed (imp. & p. p.) of Arm

Arming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Arm

Arm (v. t.) To take by the arm; to take up in one's arms.

Arm (v. t.) To furnish with arms or limbs.

Arm (v. t.) To furnish or equip with weapons of offense or defense; as, to arm soldiers; to arm the country.

Arm (v. t.) To cover or furnish with a plate, or with whatever will add strength, force, security, or efficiency; as, to arm the hit of a sword; to arm a hook in angling.

Arm (v. t.) Fig.: To furnish with means of defense; to prepare for resistance; to fortify, in a moral sense.

Arm (v. i.) To provide one's self with arms, weapons, or means of attack or resistance; to take arms.

Armada (v. t.) A fleet of armed ships; a squadron. Specifically, the Spanish fleet which was sent to assail England, a. d. 1558.

Armadillos (pl. ) of Armadillo

Armadillo (n.) Any edentate animal if the family Dasypidae, peculiar to America. The body and head are incased in an armor composed of small bony plates. The armadillos burrow in the earth, seldom going abroad except at night. When attacked, they curl up into a ball, presenting the armor on all sides. Their flesh is good food. There are several species, one of which (the peba) is found as far north as Texas. See Peba, Poyou, Tatouay.

Armadillo (n.) A genus of small isopod Crustacea that can roll themselves into a ball.

Armado (n.) Armada.

Armament (n.) A body of forces equipped for war; -- used of a land or naval force.

Armament (n.) All the cannon and small arms collectively, with their equipments, belonging to a ship or a fortification.

Armament (n.) Any equipment for resistance.

Armamentary (n.) An armory; a magazine or arsenal.

Armature (n.) Armor; whatever is worn or used for the protection and defense of the body, esp. the protective outfit of some animals and plants.

Armature (n.) A piece of soft iron used to connect the two poles of a magnet, or electro-magnet, in order to complete the circuit, or to receive and apply the magnetic force. In the ordinary horseshoe magnet, it serves to prevent the dissipation of the magnetic force.

Armature (n.) Iron bars or framing employed for the consolidation of a building, as in sustaining slender columns, holding up canopies, etc.

Armchair (n.) A chair with arms to support the elbows or forearms.

Armed (a.) Furnished with weapons of offense or defense; furnished with the means of security or protection.

Armed (a.) Furnished with whatever serves to add strength, force, or efficiency.

Armed (a.) Having horns, beak, talons, etc; -- said of beasts and birds of prey.

Armenian (a.) Of or pertaining to Armenia.

Armenian (n.) A native or one of the people of Armenia; also, the language of the Armenians.

Armenian (n.) An adherent of the Armenian Church, an organization similar in some doctrines and practices to the Greek Church, in others to the Roman Catholic.

Armet (n.) A kind of helmet worn in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries.

Armfulus (pl. ) of Armful

Armful (n.) As much as the arm can hold.

Armgaunt (a.) With gaunt or slender legs. (?)

Arm-gret (a.) Great as a man's arm.

Armhole (n.) The cavity under the shoulder; the armpit.

Armhole (n.) A hole for the arm in a garment.

Armiferous (a.) Bearing arms or weapons.

Armiger (n.) Formerly, an armor bearer, as of a knight, an esquire who bore his shield and rendered other services. In later use, one next in degree to a knight, and entitled to armorial bearings. The term is now superseded by esquire.

Armigerous (a.) Bearing arms.

Armil (n.) A bracelet.

Armil (n.) An ancient astronomical instrument.

Armillas (pl. ) of Armilla

Armillae (pl. ) of Armilla

Armilla (n.) An armil.

Armilla (n.) A ring of hair or feathers on the legs.

Armillary (n.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a bracelet or ring; consisting of rings or circles.

Arming (n.) The act of furnishing with, or taking, arms.

Arming (n.) A piece of tallow placed in a cavity at the lower end of a sounding lead, to bring up the sand, shells, etc., of the sea bottom.

Arming (n.) Red dress cloths formerly hung fore and aft outside of a ship's upper works on holidays.

Arminian (a.) Of or pertaining to Arminius of his followers, or to their doctrines. See note under Arminian, n.

Arminian (n.) One who holds the tenets of Arminius, a Dutch divine (b. 1560, d. 1609).

Arminianism (n.) The religious doctrines or tenets of the Arminians.

Armipotence (n.) Power in arms.

Armipotent (a.) Powerful in arms; mighty in battle.

Armisonant (a.) Alt. of Armisonous

Armisonous (a.) Rustling in arms; resounding with arms.

Armistice (n.) A cessation of arms for a short time, by convention; a temporary suspension of hostilities by agreement; a truce.

Armless (a.) Without any arm or branch.

Armless (a.) Destitute of arms or weapons.

Armlet (n.) A small arm; as, an armlet of the sea.

Armlet (n.) An arm ring; a bracelet for the upper arm.

Armlet (n.) Armor for the arm.

Armoniac (a.) Ammoniac.

Armor (n.) Defensive arms for the body; any clothing or covering worn to protect one's person in battle.

Armor (n.) Steel or iron covering, whether of ships or forts, protecting them from the fire of artillery.

Armor-bearer (n.) One who carries the armor or arms of another; an armiger.

Armored (a.) Clad with armor.

Armorer (n.) One who makes or repairs armor or arms.

Armorer (n.) Formerly, one who had care of the arms and armor of a knight, and who dressed him in armor.

Armorer (n.) One who has the care of arms and armor, cleans or repairs them, etc.

Armorial (a.) Belonging to armor, or to the heraldic arms or escutcheon of a family.

Armoric (a.) Alt. of Armorican

Armorican (a.) Of or pertaining to the northwestern part of France (formerly called Armorica, now Bretagne or Brittany), or to its people.

Armorican (n.) The language of the Armoricans, a Celtic dialect which has remained to the present times.

Armorican (n.) A native of Armorica.

Armorist (n.) One skilled in coat armor or heraldry.

Armor-plated (a.) Covered with defensive plates of metal, as a ship of war; steel-clad.

Armories (pl. ) of Armory

Armory (n.) A place where arms and instruments of war are deposited for safe keeping.

Armory (n.) Armor; defensive and offensive arms.

Armory (n.) A manufactory of arms, as rifles, muskets, pistols, bayonets, swords.

Armory (n.) Ensigns armorial; armorial bearings.

Armory (n.) That branch of heraldry which treats of coat armor.

Armozeen (n.) Alt. of Armozine

Armozine (n.) A thick plain silk, generally black, and used for clerical.

Armpit (n.) The hollow beneath the junction of the arm and shoulder; the axilla.

Armrack (n.) A frame, generally vertical, for holding small arms.

Arms (n.) Instruments or weapons of offense or defense.

Arms (n.) The deeds or exploits of war; military service or science.

Arms (n.) Anything which a man takes in his hand in anger, to strike or assault another with; an aggressive weapon.

Arms (n.) The ensigns armorial of a family, consisting of figures and colors borne in shields, banners, etc., as marks of dignity and distinction, and descending from father to son.

Arms (n.) The legs of a hawk from the thigh to the foot.

Armure (n.) Armor.

Armure (n.) A variety of twilled fabric ribbed on the surface.

Army (n.) A collection or body of men armed for war, esp. one organized in companies, battalions, regiments, brigades, and divisions, under proper officers.

Army (n.) A body of persons organized for the advancement of a cause; as, the Blue Ribbon Army.

Army (n.) A great number; a vast multitude; a host.

Army worm () A lepidopterous insect, which in the larval state often travels in great multitudes from field to field, destroying grass, grain, and other crops. The common army worm of the northern United States is Leucania unipuncta. The name is often applied to other related species, as the cotton worm.

Army worm () The larva of a small two-winged fly (Sciara), which marches in large companies, in regular order. See Cotton worm, under Cotton.

Arna (n.) Alt. of Arnee

Arnee (n.) The wild buffalo of India (Bos, or Bubalus, arni), larger than the domestic buffalo and having enormous horns.

Arnatto (n.) See Annotto.

Arnica (n.) A genus of plants; also, the most important species (Arnica montana), native of the mountains of Europe, used in medicine as a narcotic and stimulant.

Arnicin (n.) An active principle of Arnica montana. It is a bitter resin.

Arnicine (n.) An alkaloid obtained from the arnica plant.

Arnot (n.) Alt. of Arnut

Arnut (n.) The earthnut.

Arnotto (n.) Same as Annotto.

Aroid (a.) Alt. of Aroideous

Aroideous (a.) Belonging to, or resembling, the Arum family of plants.

Aroint (interj.) Stand off, or begone.

Aroint (v. t.) To drive or scare off by some exclamation.

Aroma (n.) The quality or principle of plants or other substances which constitutes their fragrance; agreeable odor; as, the aroma of coffee.

Aroma (n.) Fig.: The fine diffusive quality of intellectual power; flavor; as, the subtile aroma of genius.

Aromatic (a.) Alt. of Aromatical

Aromatical (a.) Pertaining to, or containing, aroma; fragrant; spicy; strong-scented; odoriferous; as, aromatic balsam.

Aromatic (n.) A plant, drug, or medicine, characterized by a fragrant smell, and usually by a warm, pungent taste, as ginger, cinnamon, spices.

Aromatization (n.) The act of impregnating or secting with aroma.

Aromatized (imp. & p. p.) of Aromatize

Aromatizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Aromatize

Aromatize (v. t.) To impregnate with aroma; to render aromatic; to give a spicy scent or taste to; to perfume.

Aromatizer (n.) One who, or that which, aromatizes or renders aromatic.

Aromatous (a.) Aromatic.

Aroph (n.) A barbarous word used by the old chemists to designate various medical remedies.

Arose () The past or preterit tense of Arise.

Around (adv.) In a circle; circularly; on every side; round.

Around (adv.) In a circuit; here and there within the surrounding space; all about; as, to travel around from town to town.

Around (adv.) Near; in the neighborhood; as, this man was standing around when the fight took place.

Around (prep.) On all sides of; encircling; encompassing; so as to make the circuit of; about.

Around (prep.) From one part to another of; at random through; about; on another side of; as, to travel around the country; a house standing around the corner.

Arousal (n.) The act of arousing, or the state of being aroused.

Aroused (imp. & p. p.) of Arouse

Arousing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Arouse

Arouse (v. t.) To excite to action from a state of rest; to stir, or put in motion or exertion; to rouse; to excite; as, to arouse one from sleep; to arouse the dormant faculties.

Arow (adv.) In a row, line, or rank; successively; in order.

Aroynt (interj.) See Aroint.

Arpeggio (n.) The production of the tones of a chord in rapid succession, as in playing the harp, and not simultaneously; a strain thus played.

Arpent (n.) Alt. of Arpen

Arpen (n.) Formerly, a measure of land in France, varying in different parts of the country. The arpent of Paris was 4,088 sq. yards, or nearly five sixths of an English acre. The woodland arpent was about 1 acre, 1 rood, 1 perch, English.

Arpentator (n.) The Anglicized form of the French arpenteur, a land surveyor.

Arpine (n.) An arpent.

Arquated (a.) Shaped like a bow; arcuate; curved.

Arquebus (n.) Alt. of Arquebuse

Arquebuse (n.) A sort of hand gun or firearm a contrivance answering to a trigger, by which the burning match was applied. The musket was a later invention.

Arquebusade (n.) The shot of an arquebus.

Arquebusade (n.) A distilled water from a variety of aromatic plants, as rosemary, millefoil, etc.; -- originally used as a vulnerary in gunshot wounds.

Arquebusier (n.) A soldier armed with an arquebus.

Arquifoux (n.) Same as Alquifou.

Arrach (n.) See Orach.

Arrack (n.) A name in the East Indies and the Indian islands for all ardent spirits. Arrack is often distilled from a fermented mixture of rice, molasses, and palm wine of the cocoanut tree or the date palm, etc.

Arragonite (n.) See Aragonite.

Arraigned (imp. & p. p.) of Arraign

Arraigning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Arraign

Arraign (v. t.) To call or set as a prisoner at the bar of a court to answer to the matter charged in an indictment or complaint.

Arraign (v. t.) To call to account, or accuse, before the bar of reason, taste, or any other tribunal.

Arraign (n.) Arraignment; as, the clerk of the arraigns.

Arraign (v. t.) To appeal to; to demand; as, to arraign an assize of novel disseizin.

Arraigner (n.) One who arraigns.

Arraignment (n.) The act of arraigning, or the state of being arraigned; the act of calling and setting a prisoner before a court to answer to an indictment or complaint.

Arraignment (n.) A calling to an account to faults; accusation.

Arraiment (v. t.) Alt. of Arrayment

Arrayment (v. t.) Clothes; raiment.

Arranged (imp. & p. p.) of Arrange

Arranging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Arrange

Arrange (v. t.) To put in proper order; to dispose (persons, or parts) in the manner intended, or best suited for the purpose; as, troops arranged for battle.

Arrange (v. t.) To adjust or settle; to prepare; to determine; as, to arrange the preliminaries of an undertaking.

Arrangement (n.) The act of arranging or putting in an orderly condition; the state of being arranged or put in order; disposition in suitable form.

Arrangement (n.) The manner or result of arranging; system of parts disposed in due order; regular and systematic classification; as, arrangement of one's dress; the Linnaean arrangement of plants.

Arrangement (n.) Preparatory proceeding or measure; preparation; as, we have made arrangement for receiving company.

Arrangement (n.) Settlement; adjustment by agreement; as, the parties have made an arrangement between themselves concerning their disputes; a satisfactory arrangement.

Arrangement (n.) The adaptation of a composition to voices or instruments for which it was not originally written.

Arrangement (n.) A piece so adapted; a transcription; as, a pianoforte arrangement of Beethoven's symphonies; an orchestral arrangement of a song, an opera, or the like.

Arranger (n.) One who arranges.

Arrant (a.) Notoriously or preeminently bad; thorough or downright, in a bad sense; shameless; unmitigated; as, an arrant rogue or coward.

Arrant (a.) Thorough or downright, in a good sense.

Arrantly (adv.) Notoriously, in an ill sense; infamously; impudently; shamefully.

Arras (n.) Tapestry; a rich figured fabric; especially, a screen or hangings of heavy cloth with interwoven figures.

Arras (v. t.) To furnish with an arras.

Arrasene (n.) A material of wool or silk used for working the figures in embroidery.

Arrastre (n.) A rude apparatus for pulverizing ores, esp. those containing free gold.

Arraswise (adv.) Alt. of Arrasways

Arrasways (adv.) Placed in such a position as to exhibit the top and two sides, the corner being in front; -- said of a rectangular form.

Arraught () Obtained; seized.

Array (n.) Order; a regular and imposing arrangement; disposition in regular lines; hence, order of battle; as, drawn up in battle array.

Array (n.) The whole body of persons thus placed in order; an orderly collection; hence, a body of soldiers.

Array (n.) An imposing series of things.

Array (n.) Dress; garments disposed in order upon the person; rich or beautiful apparel.

Array (n.) A ranking or setting forth in order, by the proper officer, of a jury as impaneled in a cause.

Array (n.) The panel itself.

Array (n.) The whole body of jurors summoned to attend the court.

Arrayed (imp. & p. p.) of Array

Arraying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Array

Array (n.) To place or dispose in order, as troops for battle; to marshal.

Array (n.) To deck or dress; to adorn with dress; to cloth to envelop; -- applied esp. to dress of a splendid kind.

Array (n.) To set in order, as a jury, for the trial of a cause; that is, to call them man by man.

Arrayer (n.) One who arrays. In some early English statutes, applied to an officer who had care of the soldiers' armor, and who saw them duly accoutered.

Arrear (adv.) To or in the rear; behind; backwards.

Arrear (n.) That which is behind in payment, or which remains unpaid, though due; esp. a remainder, or balance which remains due when some part has been paid; arrearage; -- commonly used in the plural, as, arrears of rent, wages, or taxes.

Arrearage (n.) That which remains unpaid and overdue, after payment of a part; arrears.

Arrect (a.) Alt. of Arrected

Arrected (a.) Lifted up; raised; erect.

Arrected (a.) Attentive, as a person listening.

Arrect (v. t.) To direct.

Arrect (v. t.) To impute.

Arrectary (n.) An upright beam.

Arrenotokous (a.) Producing males from unfertilized eggs, as certain wasps and bees.

Arrentation () A letting or renting, esp. a license to inclose land in a forest with a low hedge and a ditch, under a yearly rent.

Arreption (n.) The act of taking away.

Arreptitious (a.) Snatched away; seized or possessed, as a demoniac; raving; mad; crack-brained.

Arrested (imp. & p. p.) of Arrest

Arresting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Arrest

Arrest (v. t.) To stop; to check or hinder the motion or action of; as, to arrest the current of a river; to arrest the senses.

Arrest (v. t.) To take, seize, or apprehend by authority of law; as, to arrest one for debt, or for a crime.

Arrest (v. t.) To seize on and fix; to hold; to catch; as, to arrest the eyes or attention.

Arrest (v. t.) To rest or fasten; to fix; to concentrate.

Arrest (v. i.) To tarry; to rest.

Arrest (v. t.) The act of stopping, or restraining from further motion, etc.; stoppage; hindrance; restraint; as, an arrest of development.

Arrest (v. t.) The taking or apprehending of a person by authority of law; legal restraint; custody. Also, a decree, mandate, or warrant.

Arrest (v. t.) Any seizure by power, physical or moral.

Arrest (v. t.) A scurfiness of the back part of the hind leg of a horse; -- also named rat-tails.

Arrestation (n.) Arrest.

Arrestee (v.) The person in whose hands is the property attached by arrestment.

Arrester (n.) One who arrests.

Arrester (n.) The person at whose suit an arrestment is made.

Arresting (a.) Striking; attracting attention; impressive.

Arrestive (a.) Tending to arrest.

Arrestment (n.) The arrest of a person, or the seizure of his effects; esp., a process by which money or movables in the possession of a third party are attached.

Arrestment (n.) A stoppage or check.

Arret (n.) A judgment, decision, or decree of a court or high tribunal; also, a decree of a sovereign.

Arret (n.) An arrest; a legal seizure.

Arret (v. t.) Same as Aret.

Arrhaphostic (a.) Seamless.

Arrhizal (a.) Alt. of Arrhizous

Arrhizous (a.) Destitute of a true root, as a parasitical plant.

Arrhythmic (a.) Alt. of Arrhythmous

Arrhythmous (a.) Being without rhythm or regularity, as the pulse.

Arrhytmy (n.) Want of rhythm.

Arride (v. t.) To please; to gratify.

Arriere (n.) "That which is behind"; the rear; -- chiefly used as an adjective in the sense of behind, rear, subordinate.

Arriere-ban (n.) A proclamation, as of the French kings, calling not only their immediate feudatories, but the vassals of these feudatories, to take the field for war; also, the body of vassals called or liable to be called to arms, as in ancient France.

Arris (n.) The sharp edge or salient angle formed by two surfaces meeting each other, whether plane or curved; -- applied particularly to the edges in moldings, and to the raised edges which separate the flutings in a Doric column.

Arrish (n.) The stubble of wheat or grass; a stubble field; eddish.

Arriswise (adv.) Diagonally laid, as tiles; ridgewise.

Arrival (n.) The act of arriving, or coming; the act of reaching a place from a distance, whether by water (as in its original sense) or by land.

Arrival (n.) The attainment or reaching of any object, by effort, or in natural course; as, our arrival at this conclusion was wholly unexpected.

Arrival (n.) The person or thing arriving or which has arrived; as, news brought by the last arrival.

Arrival (n.) An approach.

Arrivance (n.) Arrival.

Arrived (imp. & p. p.) of Arrive

Arriving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Arrive

Arrive (v. i.) To come to the shore or bank. In present usage: To come in progress by water, or by traveling on land; to reach by water or by land; -- followed by at (formerly sometimes by to), also by in and from.

Arrive (v. i.) To reach a point by progressive motion; to gain or compass an object by effort, practice, study, inquiry, reasoning, or experiment.

Arrive (v. i.) To come; said of time; as, the time arrived.

Arrive (v. i.) To happen or occur.

Arrive (v. t.) To bring to shore.

Arrive (v. t.) To reach; to come to.

Arrive (n.) Arrival.

Arriver (n.) One who arrives.

Arroba (n.) A Spanish weight used in Mexico and South America = 25.36 lbs. avoir.; also, an old Portuguese weight, used in Brazil = 32.38 lbs. avoir.

Arroba (n.) A Spanish liquid measure for wine = 3.54 imp. gallons, and for oil = 2.78 imp. gallons.

Arrogance (n.) The act or habit of arrogating, or making undue claims in an overbearing manner; that species of pride which consists in exorbitant claims of rank, dignity, estimation, or power, or which exalts the worth or importance of the person to an undue degree; proud contempt of others; lordliness; haughtiness; self-assumption; presumption.

Arrogancy (n.) Arrogance.

Arrogant (a.) Making, or having the disposition to make, exorbitant claims of rank or estimation; giving one's self an undue degree of importance; assuming; haughty; -- applied to persons.

Arrogant (a.) Containing arrogance; marked with arrogance; proceeding from undue claims or self-importance; -- applied to things; as, arrogant pretensions or behavior.

Arrogantly (adv.) In an arrogant manner; with undue pride or self-importance.

Arrogantness (n.) Arrogance.

Arrogated (imp. & p. p.) of Arrogate

Arrogating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Arrogate

Arrogate (v. t.) To assume, or claim as one's own, unduly, proudly, or presumptuously; to make undue claims to, from vanity or baseless pretensions to right or merit; as, the pope arrogated dominion over kings.

Arrogation (n.) The act of arrogating, or making exorbitant claims; the act of taking more than one is justly entitled to.

Arrogation (n.) Adoption of a person of full age.

Arrogative (a.) Making undue claims and pretension; prone to arrogance.

Arrondissement (n.) A subdivision of a department.

Arrose (v. t.) To drench; to besprinkle; to moisten.

Arrosion (n.) A gnawing.

Arrow (n.) A missile weapon of offense, slender, pointed, and usually feathered and barbed, to be shot from a bow.

Arrow grass (n.) An herbaceous grasslike plant (Triglochin palustre, and other species) with pods opening so as to suggest barbed arrowheads.

Arrowhead (n.) The head of an arrow.

Arrowhead (n.) An aquatic plant of the genus Sagittaria, esp. S. sagittifolia, -- named from the shape of the leaves.

Arrowheaded (a.) Shaped like the head of an arrow; cuneiform.

Arrowroot (n.) A west Indian plant of the genus Maranta, esp. M. arundinacea, now cultivated in many hot countries. It said that the Indians used the roots to neutralize the venom in wounds made by poisoned arrows.

Arrowroot (n.) A nutritive starch obtained from the rootstocks of Maranta arundinacea, and used as food, esp. for children an invalids; also, a similar starch obtained from other plants, as various species of Maranta and Curcuma.

Arrowwood (n.) A shrub (Viburnum dentatum) growing in damp woods and thickets; -- so called from the long, straight, slender shoots.

Arrowworm (n.) A peculiar transparent worm of the genus Sagitta, living at the surface of the sea. See Sagitta.

Arrowy (a.) Consisting of arrows.

Arrowy (a.) Formed or moving like, or in any respect resembling, an arrow; swift; darting; piercing.

Arroyos (pl. ) of Arroyo

Arroyo (n.) A water course; a rivulet.

Arroyo (n.) The dry bed of a small stream.

Arschin (n.) See Arshine.

Arse (n.) The buttocks, or hind part of an animal; the posteriors; the fundament; the bottom.

Arsenal (n.) A public establishment for the storage, or for the manufacture and storage, of arms and all military equipments, whether for land or naval service.

Arsenate (n.) A salt of arsenic acid.

Arseniate (n.) See Arsenate.

Arsenic (n.) One of the elements, a solid substance resembling a metal in its physical properties, but in its chemical relations ranking with the nonmetals. It is of a steel-gray color and brilliant luster, though usually dull from tarnish. It is very brittle, and sublimes at 356! Fahrenheit. It is sometimes found native, but usually combined with silver, cobalt, nickel, iron, antimony, or sulphur. Orpiment and realgar are two of its sulphur compounds, the first of which is the true arsenicum of the ancients. The element and its compounds are active poisons. Specific gravity from 5.7 to 5.9. Atomic weight 75. Symbol As.

Arsenic (n.) Arsenious oxide or arsenious anhydride; -- called also arsenious acid, white arsenic, and ratsbane.

Arsenic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, arsenic; -- said of those compounds of arsenic in which this element has its highest equivalence; as, arsenic acid.

Arsenical (a.) Of or pertaining to, or containing, arsenic; as, arsenical vapor; arsenical wall papers.

Arsenicated (imp. & p. p.) of Arsenicate

Arsenicating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Arsenicate

Arsenicate (v. t.) To combine with arsenic; to treat or impregnate with arsenic.

Arsenicism (n.) A diseased condition produced by slow poisoning with arsenic.

Arsenide (n.) A compound of arsenic with a metal, or positive element or radical; -- formerly called arseniuret.

Arseniferous (a.) Containing or producing arsenic.

Arsenious (a.) Pertaining to, consisting of, or containing, arsenic; as, arsenious powder or glass.

Arsenious (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, arsenic, when having an equivalence next lower than the highest; as, arsenious acid.

Arsenite (n.) A salt formed by the union of arsenious acid with a base.

Arseniuret (n.) See Arsenide.

Arseniureted (a.) Combined with arsenic; -- said some elementary substances or radicals; as, arseniureted hydrogen.

Arsenopyrite (n.) A mineral of a tin-white color and metallic luster, containing arsenic, sulphur, and iron; -- also called arsenical pyrites and mispickel.

Arsesmart (n.) Smartweed; water pepper.

Arshine (n.) A Russian measure of length = 2 ft. 4.246 inches.

Arsine (n.) A compound of arsenic and hydrogen, AsH3, a colorless and exceedingly poisonous gas, having an odor like garlic; arseniureted hydrogen.

Arsis (n.) That part of a foot where the ictus is put, or which is distinguished from the rest (known as the thesis) of the foot by a greater stress of voice.

Arsis (n.) That elevation of voice now called metrical accentuation, or the rhythmic accent.

Arsis (n.) The elevation of the hand, or that part of the bar at which it is raised, in beating time; the weak or unaccented part of the bar; -- opposed to thesis.

Arsmetrike (n.) Arithmetic.

Arson (n.) The malicious burning of a dwelling house or outhouse of another man, which by the common law is felony; the malicious and voluntary firing of a building or ship.

Art () The second person singular, indicative mode, present tense, of the substantive verb Be; but formed after the analogy of the plural are, with the ending -t, as in thou shalt, wilt, orig. an ending of the second person sing. pret. Cf. Be. Now used only in solemn or poetical style.

Art (n.) The employment of means to accomplish some desired end; the adaptation of things in the natural world to the uses of life; the application of knowledge or power to practical purposes.

Art (n.) A system of rules serving to facilitate the performance of certain actions; a system of principles and rules for attaining a desired end; method of doing well some special work; -- often contradistinguished from science or speculative principles; as, the art of building or engraving; the art of war; the art of navigation.

Art (n.) The systematic application of knowledge or skill in effecting a desired result. Also, an occupation or business requiring such knowledge or skill.

Art (n.) The application of skill to the production of the beautiful by imitation or design, or an occupation in which skill is so employed, as in painting and sculpture; one of the fine arts; as, he prefers art to literature.

Art (n.) Those branches of learning which are taught in the academical course of colleges; as, master of arts.

Art (n.) Learning; study; applied knowledge, science, or letters.

Art (n.) Skill, dexterity, or the power of performing certain actions, acquired by experience, study, or observation; knack; as, a man has the art of managing his business to advantage.

Art (n.) Skillful plan; device.

Art (n.) Cunning; artifice; craft.

Art (n.) The black art; magic.

Artemia (n.) A genus of phyllopod Crustacea found in salt lakes and brines; the brine shrimp. See Brine shrimp.

Artemisia (n.) A genus of plants including the plants called mugwort, southernwood, and wormwood. Of these A. absinthium, or common wormwood, is well known, and A. tridentata is the sage brush of the Rocky Mountain region.

Arteriac (a.) Of or pertaining to the windpipe.

Arterial (a.) Of or pertaining to an artery, or the arteries; as, arterial action; the arterial system.

Arterial (a.) Of or pertaining to a main channel (resembling an artery), as a river, canal, or railroad.

Arterialization (n.) The process of converting venous blood into arterial blood during its passage through the lungs, oxygen being absorbed and carbonic acid evolved; -- called also aeration and hematosis.

Arterialized (imp. & p. p.) of Arterialize

Arterializing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Arterialize

Arterialize (v. t.) To transform, as the venous blood, into arterial blood by exposure to oxygen in the lungs; to make arterial.

Arteriography (n.) A systematic description of the arteries.

Arteriole (n.) A small artery.

Arteriology (n.) That part of anatomy which treats of arteries.

Arteriotomy (n.) The opening of an artery, esp. for bloodletting.

Arteriotomy (n.) That part of anatomy which treats of the dissection of the arteries.

Arteritis (n.) Inflammation of an artery or arteries.

Arteries (pl. ) of Artery

Artery (n.) The trachea or windpipe.

Artery (n.) One of the vessels or tubes which carry either venous or arterial blood from the heart. They have tricker and more muscular walls than veins, and are connected with them by capillaries.

Artery (n.) Hence: Any continuous or ramified channel of communication; as, arteries of trade or commerce.

Artesian (a.) Of or pertaining to Artois (anciently called Artesium), in France.

Artful (a.) Performed with, or characterized by, art or skill.

Artful (a.) Artificial; imitative.

Artful (a.) Using or exhibiting much art, skill, or contrivance; dexterous; skillful.

Artful (a.) Cunning; disposed to cunning indirectness of dealing; crafty; as, an artful boy. [The usual sense.]

Artfully (adv.) In an artful manner; with art or cunning; skillfully; dexterously; craftily.

Artfulness (n.) The quality of being artful; art; cunning; craft.

Arthen (a.) Same as

Arthritic (a.) Alt. of Arthritical

Arthritical (a.) Pertaining to the joints.

Arthritical (a.) Of or pertaining to arthritis; gouty.

Arthritis (n.) Any inflammation of the joints, particularly the gout.

Arthroderm (n.) The external covering of an Arthropod.

Arthrodia (n.) A form of diarthrodial articulation in which the articular surfaces are nearly flat, so that they form only an imperfect ball and socket.

Arthrodial (a.) Alt. of Arthrodic

Arthrodic (a.) Of or pertaining to arthrodia.

Arthrodynia (n.) An affection characterized by pain in or about a joint, not dependent upon structural disease.

Arthrodynic (a.) Pertaining to arthrodynia, or pain in the joints; rheumatic.

Arthrogastra (n. pl.) A division of the Arachnida, having the abdomen annulated, including the scorpions, harvestmen, etc.; pedipalpi.

Arthrography (n.) The description of joints.

Arthrology (n.) That part of anatomy which treats of joints.

Arthromere (n.) One of the body segments of Arthropods. See Arthrostraca.

Arthropleura (n.) The side or limb-bearing portion of an arthromere.

Arthropod (n.) One of the Arthropoda.

Arthropoda (n. pl.) A large division of Articulata, embracing all those that have jointed legs. It includes Insects, Arachnida, Pychnogonida, and Crustacea.

Arthropomata (n. pl.) One of the orders of Branchiopoda. See Branchiopoda.

Arthrosis (n.) Articulation.

Arthrostraca (n. pl.) One of the larger divisions of Crustacea, so called because the thorax and abdomen are both segmented; Tetradecapoda. It includes the Amphipoda and Isopoda.

Arthrozoic (a.) Of or pertaining to the Articulata; articulate.

Artiad (a.) Even; not odd; -- said of elementary substances and of radicals the valence of which is divisible by two without a remainder.

Artichoke (n.) The Cynara scolymus, a plant somewhat resembling a thistle, with a dilated, imbricated, and prickly involucre. The head (to which the name is also applied) is composed of numerous oval scales, inclosing the florets, sitting on a broad receptacle, which, with the fleshy base of the scales, is much esteemed as an article of food.

Artichoke (n.) See Jerusalem artichoke.

Article (n.) A distinct portion of an instrument, discourse, literary work, or any other writing, consisting of two or more particulars, or treating of various topics; as, an article in the Constitution. Hence: A clause in a contract, system of regulations, treaty, or the like; a term, condition, or stipulation in a contract; a concise statement; as, articles of agreement.

Article (n.) A literary composition, forming an independent portion of a magazine, newspaper, or cyclopedia.

Article (n.) Subject; matter; concern; distinct.

Article (n.) A distinct part.

Article (n.) A particular one of various things; as, an article of merchandise; salt is a necessary article.

Article (n.) Precise point of time; moment.

Article (n.) One of the three words, a, an, the, used before nouns to limit or define their application. A (or an) is called the indefinite article, the the definite article.

Article (n.) One of the segments of an articulated appendage.

Articled (imp. & p. p.) of Article

Articling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Article

Article (n.) To formulate in articles; to set forth in distinct particulars.

Article (n.) To accuse or charge by an exhibition of articles.

Article (n.) To bind by articles of covenant or stipulation; as, to article an apprentice to a mechanic.

Article (v. i.) To agree by articles; to stipulate; to bargain; to covenant.

Articled (a.) Bound by articles; apprenticed; as, an articled clerk.

Articular (n.) Of or pertaining to the joints; as, an articular disease; an articular process.

Articular (n.) Alt. of Articulary

Articulary (n.) A bone in the base of the lower jaw of many birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.

Articularly (adv.) In an articular or an articulate manner.

Articulata (v.) One of the four subkingdoms in the classification of Cuvier. It has been much modified by later writers.

Articulata (v.) One of the subdivisions of the Brachiopoda, including those that have the shells united by a hinge.

Articulata (v.) A subdivision of the Crinoidea.

Articulate (a.) Expressed in articles or in separate items or particulars.

Articulate (a.) Jointed; formed with joints; consisting of segments united by joints; as, articulate animals or plants.

Articulate (a.) Distinctly uttered; spoken so as to be intelligible; characterized by division into words and syllables; as, articulate speech, sounds, words.

Articulate (n.) An animal of the subkingdom Articulata.

Articulated (imp. & p. p.) of Articulate

Articulating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Articulate

Articulate (v. i.) To utter articulate sounds; to utter the elementary sounds of a language; to enunciate; to speak distinctly.

Articulate (v. i.) To treat or make terms.

Articulate (v. i.) To join or be connected by articulation.

Articulate (v. t.) To joint; to unite by means of a joint; to put together with joints or at the joints.

Articulate (v. t.) To draw up or write in separate articles; to particularize; to specify.

Articulate (v. t.) To form, as the elementary sounds; to utter in distinct syllables or words; to enunciate; as, to articulate letters or language.

Articulate (v. t.) To express distinctly; to give utterance to.

Articulated (a.) United by, or provided with, articulations; jointed; as, an articulated skeleton.

Articulated (a.) Produced, as a letter, syllable, or word, by the organs of speech; pronounced.

Articulately (adv.) After the manner, or in the form, of a joint.

Articulately (adv.) Article by article; in distinct particulars; in detail; definitely.

Articulately (adv.) With distinct utterance of the separate sounds.

Articulateness (n.) Quality of being articulate.

Articulation (n.) A joint or juncture between bones in the skeleton.

Articulation (n.) The connection of the parts of a plant by joints, as in pods.

Articulation (n.) One of the nodes or joints, as in cane and maize.

Articulation (n.) One of the parts intercepted between the joints; also, a subdivision into parts at regular or irregular intervals as a result of serial intermission in growth, as in the cane, grasses, etc.

Articulation (n.) The act of putting together with a joint or joints; any meeting of parts in a joint.

Articulation (n.) The state of being jointed; connection of parts.

Articulation (n.) The utterance of the elementary sounds of a language by the appropriate movements of the organs, as in pronunciation; as, a distinct articulation.

Articulation (n.) A sound made by the vocal organs; an articulate utterance or an elementary sound, esp. a consonant.

Articulative (a.) Of or pertaining to articulation.

Articulator (n.) One who, or that which, articulates; as: (a) One who enunciates distinctly. (b) One who prepares and mounts skeletons. (c) An instrument to cure stammering.

Articuli (pl. ) of Articulus

Articulus (n.) A joint of the cirri of the Crinoidea; a joint or segment of an arthropod appendage.

Artifice (n.) A handicraft; a trade; art of making.

Artifice (n.) Workmanship; a skillfully contrived work.

Artifice (n.) Artful or skillful contrivance.

Artifice (n.) Crafty device; an artful, ingenious, or elaborate trick. [Now the usual meaning.]

Artificer (n.) An artistic worker; a mechanic or manufacturer; one whose occupation requires skill or knowledge of a particular kind, as a silversmith.

Artificer (n.) One who makes or contrives; a deviser, inventor, or framer.

Artificer (n.) A cunning or artful fellow.

Artificer (n.) A military mechanic, as a blacksmith, carpenter, etc.; also, one who prepares the shells, fuses, grenades, etc., in a military laboratory.

Artificial (a.) Made or contrived by art; produced or modified by human skill and labor, in opposition to natural; as, artificial heat or light, gems, salts, minerals, fountains, flowers.

Artificial (a.) Feigned; fictitious; assumed; affected; not genuine.

Artificial (a.) Artful; cunning; crafty.

Artificial (a.) Cultivated; not indigenous; not of spontaneous growth; as, artificial grasses.

Artificiality (n.) The quality or appearance of being artificial; that which is artificial.

Artificialize (v. t.) To render artificial.

Artificially (adv.) In an artificial manner; by art, or skill and contrivance, not by nature.

Artificially (adv.) Ingeniously; skillfully.

Artificially (adv.) Craftily; artfully.

Artificialness (n.) The quality of being artificial.

Artificious (a.) Artificial.

Artilize (v. t.) To make resemble.

Artillerist (n.) A person skilled in artillery or gunnery; a gunner; an artilleryman.

Artillery (n.) Munitions of war; implements for warfare, as slings, bows, and arrows.

Artillery (n.) Cannon; great guns; ordnance, including guns, mortars, howitzers, etc., with their equipment of carriages, balls, bombs, and shot of all kinds.

Artillery (n.) The men and officers of that branch of the army to which the care and management of artillery are confided.

Artillery (n.) The science of artillery or gunnery.

Artilleryman (n.) A man who manages, or assists in managing, a large gun in firing.

Artiodactyla (n. pl.) One of the divisions of the ungulate animals. The functional toes of the hind foot are even in number, and the third digit of each foot (corresponding to the middle finger in man) is asymmetrical and paired with the fourth digit, as in the hog, the sheep, and the ox; -- opposed to Perissodactyla.

Artiodactyle (n.) One of the Artiodactyla.

Artiodactylous (a.) Even-toed.

Artisan (n.) One who professes and practices some liberal art; an artist.

Artisan (n.) One trained to manual dexterity in some mechanic art or trade; and handicraftsman; a mechanic.

Artist (n.) One who practices some mechanic art or craft; an artisan.

Artist (n.) One who professes and practices an art in which science and taste preside over the manual execution.

Artist (n.) One who shows trained skill or rare taste in any manual art or occupation.

Artist (n.) An artful person; a schemer.

Artiste (n.) One peculiarly dexterous and tasteful in almost any employment, as an opera dancer, a hairdresser, a cook.

Artistic (a.) Alt. of Artistical

Artistical (a.) Of or pertaining to art or to artists; made in the manner of an artist; conformable to art; characterized by art; showing taste or skill.

Artistry (n.) Works of art collectively.

Artistry (n.) Artistic effect or quality.

Artistry (n.) Artistic pursuits; artistic ability.

Artless (a.) Wanting art, knowledge, or skill; ignorant; unskillful.

Artless (a.) Contrived without skill or art; inartistic.

Artless (a.) Free from guile, art, craft, or stratagem; characterized by simplicity and sincerity; sincere; guileless; ingenuous; honest; as, an artless mind; an artless tale.

Artlessly (adv.) In an artless manner; without art, skill, or guile; unaffectedly.

Artlessness (n.) The quality of being artless, or void of art or guile; simplicity; sincerity.

Artly (adv.) With art or skill.

Artocarpeous (a.) Alt. of Artocarpous

Artocarpous (a.) Of or pertaining to the breadfruit, or to the genus Artocarpus.

Artotype (n.) A kind of autotype.

Artotyrite (n.) One of a sect in the primitive church, who celebrated the Lord's Supper with bread and cheese, alleging that the first oblations of men not only of the fruit of the earth, but of their flocks. [Gen. iv. 3, 4.]

Artow () A contraction of art thou.

Artsman (n.) A man skilled in an art or in arts.

Art union () An association for promoting art (esp. the arts of design), and giving encouragement to artists.

Arum (n.) A genus of plants found in central Europe and about the Mediterranean, having flowers on a spadix inclosed in a spathe. The cuckoopint of the English is an example.

Arundelian (a.) Pertaining to an Earl of Arundel; as, Arundel or Arundelian marbles, marbles from ancient Greece, bought by the Earl of Arundel in 1624.

Arundiferous (a.) Producing reeds or canes.

Arundinaceous (a.) Of or pertaining to a reed; resembling the reed or cane.

Arundineous (a.) Abounding with reeds; reedy.

Aruspices (pl. ) of Aruspex

Aruspex (n.) One of the class of diviners among the Etruscans and Romans, who foretold events by the inspection of the entrails of victims offered on the altars of the gods.

Aruspice (n.) A soothsayer of ancient Rome. Same as Aruspex.

Aruspicy (n.) Prognostication by inspection of the entrails of victims slain sacrifice.

Arval (n.) A funeral feast.

Arvicole (n.) A mouse of the genus Arvicola; the meadow mouse. There are many species.

Aryan (n.) One of a primitive people supposed to have lived in prehistoric times, in Central Asia, east of the Caspian Sea, and north of the Hindoo Koosh and Paropamisan Mountains, and to have been the stock from which sprang the Hindoo, Persian, Greek, Latin, Celtic, Teutonic, Slavonic, and other races; one of that ethnological division of mankind called also Indo-European or Indo-Germanic.

Aryan (n.) The language of the original Aryans.

Aryan (a.) Of or pertaining to the people called Aryans; Indo-European; Indo-Germanic; as, the Aryan stock, the Aryan languages.

Aryanize (v. t.) To make Aryan (a language, or in language).

Arytenoid (a.) Ladle-shaped; -- applied to two small cartilages of the larynx, and also to the glands, muscles, etc., connected with them. The cartilages are attached to the cricoid cartilage and connected with the vocal cords.

Brabantine (a.) Pertaining to Brabant, an ancient province of the Netherlands.

Brabble (v. i.) To clamor; to contest noisily.

Brabble (n.) A broil; a noisy contest; a wrangle.

Brabblement (n.) A brabble.

Brabbler (n.) A clamorous, quarrelsome, noisy fellow; a wrangler.

Braccate (a.) Furnished with feathers which conceal the feet.

Brace (n.) That which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly; a bandage or a prop.

Brace (n.) A cord, ligament, or rod, for producing or maintaining tension, as a cord on the side of a drum.

Brace (n.) The state of being braced or tight; tension.

Brace (n.) A piece of material used to transmit, or change the direction of, weight or pressure; any one of the pieces, in a frame or truss, which divide the structure into triangular parts. It may act as a tie, or as a strut, and serves to prevent distortion of the structure, and transverse strains in its members. A boiler brace is a diagonal stay, connecting the head with the shell.

Brace (n.) A vertical curved line connecting two or more words or lines, which are to be taken together; thus, boll, bowl; or, in music, used to connect staves.

Brace (n.) A rope reeved through a block at the end of a yard, by which the yard is moved horizontally; also, a rudder gudgeon.

Brace (n.) A curved instrument or handle of iron or wood, for holding and turning bits, etc.; a bitstock.

Brace (n.) A pair; a couple; as, a brace of ducks; now rarely applied to persons, except familiarly or with some contempt.

Brace (n.) Straps or bands to sustain trousers; suspenders.

Brace (n.) Harness; warlike preparation.

Brace (n.) Armor for the arm; vantbrace.

Brace (n.) The mouth of a shaft.

Braced (imp. & p. p.) of Brace

Bracing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brace

Brace (v. t.) To furnish with braces; to support; to prop; as, to brace a beam in a building.

Brace (v. t.) To draw tight; to tighten; to put in a state of tension; to strain; to strengthen; as, to brace the nerves.

Brace (v. t.) To bind or tie closely; to fasten tightly.

Brace (v. t.) To place in a position for resisting pressure; to hold firmly; as, he braced himself against the crowd.

Brace (v. t.) To move around by means of braces; as, to brace the yards.

Brace (v. i.) To get tone or vigor; to rouse one's energies; -- with up.

Bracelet (n.) An ornamental band or ring, for the wrist or the arm; in modern times, an ornament encircling the wrist, worn by women or girls.

Bracelet (n.) A piece of defensive armor for the arm.

Bracer (n.) That which braces, binds, or makes firm; a band or bandage.

Bracer (n.) A covering to protect the arm of the bowman from the vibration of the string; also, a brassart.

Bracer (n.) A medicine, as an astringent or a tonic, which gives tension or tone to any part of the body.

Brach (n.) A bitch of the hound kind.

Brachelytra (n. pl.) A group of beetles having short elytra, as the rove beetles.

Brachia (n. pl.) See Brachium.

Brachial (a.) Pertaining or belonging to the arm; as, the brachial artery; the brachial nerve.

Brachial (a.) Of the nature of an arm; resembling an arm.

Brachiata (n. pl.) A division of the Crinoidea, including those furnished with long jointed arms. See Crinoidea.

Brachiate (a.) Having branches in pairs, decussated, all nearly horizontal, and each pair at right angles with the next, as in the maple and lilac.

Brachioganoid (n.) One of the Brachioganoidei.

Brachioganoidei (n. pl.) An order of ganoid fishes of which the bichir of Africa is a living example. See Crossopterygii.

Brachiolaria (n. pl.) A peculiar early larval stage of certain starfishes, having a bilateral structure, and swimming by means of bands of vibrating cilia.

Brachiopod (n.) One of the Brachiopoda, or its shell.

Brachiopoda (n.) A class of Molluscoidea having a symmetrical bivalve shell, often attached by a fleshy peduncle.

Bracchia (pl. ) of Brachium

Brachium (n.) The upper arm; the segment of the fore limb between the shoulder and the elbow.

Brachman (n.) See Brahman.

Brachycatalectic (n.) A verse wanting two syllables at its termination.

Brachycephalic (a.) Alt. of Brachycephalous

Brachycephalous (a.) Having the skull short in proportion to its breadth; shortheaded; -- in distinction from dolichocephalic.

Brachycephaly (n.) Alt. of Brachycephalism

Brachycephalism (n.) The state or condition of being brachycephalic; shortness of head.

Brachyceral (a.) Having short antennae, as certain insects.

Brachydiagonal (a.) Pertaining to the shorter diagonal, as of a rhombic prism.

Brachydiagonal (n.) The shorter of the diagonals in a rhombic prism.

Brachydome (n.) A dome parallel to the shorter lateral axis. See Dome.

Brachygrapher (n.) A writer in short hand; a stenographer.

Brachygraphy (n.) Stenography.

Brachylogy (n.) Conciseness of expression; brevity.

Brachypinacoid (n.) A plane of an orthorhombic crystal which is parallel both to the vertical axis and to the shorter lateral (brachydiagonal) axis.

Brachyptera (n. pl.) A group of Coleoptera having short wings; the rove beetles.

Brachypteres (n.pl.) A group of birds, including auks, divers, and penguins.

Brachypterous (a.) Having short wings.

Brachystochrone (n.) A curve, in which a body, starting from a given point, and descending solely by the force of gravity, will reach another given point in a shorter time than it could by any other path. This curve of quickest descent, as it is sometimes called, is, in a vacuum, the same as the cycloid.

Brachytypous (a.) Of a short form.

Brachyura (n. pl.) A group of decapod Crustacea, including the common crabs, characterized by a small and short abdomen, which is bent up beneath the large cephalo-thorax. [Also spelt Brachyoura.] See Crab, and Illustration in Appendix.

Brachyural (a.) Alt. of Brachyurous

Brachyurous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Brachyura.

Brachyuran (n.) One of the Brachyura.

Bracing (a.) Imparting strength or tone; strengthening; invigorating; as, a bracing north wind.

Bracing (n.) The act of strengthening, supporting, or propping, with a brace or braces; the state of being braced.

Bracing (n.) Any system of braces; braces, collectively; as, the bracing of a truss.

Brack (n.) An opening caused by the parting of any solid body; a crack or breach; a flaw.

Brack (n.) Salt or brackish water.

Bracken (n.) A brake or fern.

Bracket (n.) An architectural member, plain or ornamental, projecting from a wall or pier, to support weight falling outside of the same; also, a decorative feature seeming to discharge such an office.

Bracket (n.) A piece or combination of pieces, usually triangular in general shape, projecting from, or fastened to, a wall, or other surface, to support heavy bodies or to strengthen angles.

Bracket (n.) A shot, crooked timber, resembling a knee, used as a support.

Bracket (n.) The cheek or side of an ordnance carriage.

Bracket (n.) One of two characters [], used to inclose a reference, explanation, or note, or a part to be excluded from a sentence, to indicate an interpolation, to rectify a mistake, or to supply an omission, and for certain other purposes; -- called also crotchet.

Bracket (n.) A gas fixture or lamp holder projecting from the face of a wall, column, or the like.

Bracketed (imp. & p. p.) of Bracket

Bracketing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Bracket

Bracket (v. t.) To place within brackets; to connect by brackets; to furnish with brackets.

Bracketing (n.) A series or group of brackets; brackets, collectively.

Brackish (a.) Saltish, or salt in a moderate degree, as water in saline soil.

Brackishness (n.) The quality or state of being brackish, or somewhat salt.

Bracky (a.) Brackish.

Bract (n.) A leaf, usually smaller than the true leaves of a plant, from the axil of which a flower stalk arises.

Bract (n.) Any modified leaf, or scale, on a flower stalk or at the base of a flower.

Bractea (n.) A bract.

Bracteal (a.) Having the nature or appearance of a bract.

Bracteate (a.) Having a bract or bracts.

Bracted (a.) Furnished with bracts.

Bracteolate (a.) Furnished with bracteoles or bractlets.

Bracteole (n.) Same as Bractlet.

Bractless (a.) Destitute of bracts.

Bractlet (n.) A bract on the stalk of a single flower, which is itself on a main stalk that support several flowers.

Brad (n.) A thin nail, usually small, with a slight projection at the top on one side instead of a head; also, a small wire nail, with a flat circular head; sometimes, a small, tapering, square-bodied finishing nail, with a countersunk head.

Brad awl () A straight awl with chisel edge, used to make holes for brads, etc.

Bradoon (n.) Same as Bridoon.

Brae (n.) A hillside; a slope; a bank; a hill.

Bragged (imp. & p. p.) of Brag

Bragging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brag

Brag (v. i.) To talk about one's self, or things pertaining to one's self, in a manner intended to excite admiration, envy, or wonder; to talk boastfully; to boast; -- often followed by of; as, to brag of one's exploits, courage, or money, or of the great things one intends to do.

Brag (v. t.) To boast of.

Brag (n.) A boast or boasting; bragging; ostentatious pretense or self glorification.

Brag (n.) The thing which is boasted of.

Brag (n.) A game at cards similar to bluff.

Brag (v. i.) Brisk; full of spirits; boasting; pretentious; conceited.

Brag (adv.) Proudly; boastfully.

Braggadocio (n.) A braggart; a boaster; a swaggerer.

Braggadocio (n.) Empty boasting; mere brag; pretension.

Braggardism (n.) Boastfulness; act of bragging.

Braggart (v. i.) A boaster.

Braggart (a.) Boastful.

Bragger (n.) One who brags; a boaster.

Bragget (n.) A liquor made of ale and honey fermented, with spices, etc.

Braggingly (adv.) Boastingly.

Bragless (a.) Without bragging.

Bragly (adv.) In a manner to be bragged of; finely; proudly.

Brahma (n.) The One First Cause; also, one of the triad of Hindoo gods. The triad consists of Brahma, the Creator, Vishnu, the Preserver, and Siva, the Destroyer.

Brahma (n.) A valuable variety of large, domestic fowl, peculiar in having the comb divided lengthwise into three parts, and the legs well feathered. There are two breeds, the dark or penciled, and the light; -- called also Brahmapootra.

Brahmans (pl. ) of Brahmin

Brahmins (pl. ) of Brahmin

Brahman (n.) Alt. of Brahmin

Brahmin (n.) A person of the highest or sacerdotal caste among the Hindoos.

Brahmaness (n.) A Brahmani.

Brahmani (n.) Any Brahman woman.

Brahmanic (a.) Alt. of ical

-ical (a.) Alt. of ical

Brahminic (a.) Alt. of ical

ical (a.) Of or pertaining to the Brahmans or to their doctrines and worship.

Brahmanism (n.) Alt. of Brahminism

Brahminism (n.) The religion or system of doctrines of the Brahmans; the religion of Brahma.

Brahmanist (n.) Alt. of Brahminist

Brahminist (n.) An adherent of the religion of the Brahmans.

Brahmoism (n.) The religious system of Brahmo-somaj.

Brahmo-somaj (n.) A modern reforming theistic sect among the Hindoos.

Braided (imp. &. p. p.) of Braid

Braiding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Braid

Braid (v. t.) To weave, interlace, or entwine together, as three or more strands or threads; to form into a braid; to plait.

Braid (v. t.) To mingle, or to bring to a uniformly soft consistence, by beating, rubbing, or straining, as in some culinary operations.

Braid (v. t.) To reproach. [Obs.] See Upbraid.

Braid (n.) A plait, band, or narrow fabric formed by intertwining or weaving together different strands.

Braid (n.) A narrow fabric, as of wool, silk, or linen, used for binding, trimming, or ornamenting dresses, etc.

Braid (n.) A quick motion; a start.

Braid (n.) A fancy; freak; caprice.

Braid (v. i.) To start; to awake.

Braid (v. t.) Deceitful.

Braiding (n.) The act of making or using braids.

Braiding (n.) Braids, collectively; trimming.

Brail (n.) A thong of soft leather to bind up a hawk's wing.

Brail (n.) Ropes passing through pulleys, and used to haul in or up the leeches, bottoms, or corners of sails, preparatory to furling.

Brail (n.) A stock at each end of a seine to keep it stretched.

Brail (v. t.) To haul up by the brails; -- used with up; as, to brail up a sail.

Brain (n.) The whitish mass of soft matter (the center of the nervous system, and the seat of consciousness and volition) which is inclosed in the cartilaginous or bony cranium of vertebrate animals. It is simply the anterior termination of the spinal cord, and is developed from three embryonic vesicles, whose cavities are connected with the central canal of the cord; the cavities of the vesicles become the central cavities, or ventricles, and the walls thicken unequally and become the three segments, the fore-, mid-, and hind-brain.

Brain (n.) The anterior or cephalic ganglion in insects and other invertebrates.

Brain (n.) The organ or seat of intellect; hence, the understanding.

Brain (n.) The affections; fancy; imagination.

Brained (imp. & p. p.) of Brain

Braining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brain

Brain (v. t.) To dash out the brains of; to kill by beating out the brains. Hence, Fig.: To destroy; to put an end to; to defeat.

Brain (v. t.) To conceive; to understand.

Brained (p.a.) Supplied with brains.

Brainish (a.) Hot-headed; furious.

Brainless (a.) Without understanding; silly; thoughtless; witless.

Brainpan (n.) The bones which inclose the brain; the skull; the cranium.

Brainsick (a.) Disordered in the understanding; giddy; thoughtless.

Brainsickly (adv.) In a brainsick manner.

Brainy (a.) Having an active or vigorous mind.

Braise (n.) Alt. of Braize

Braize (n.) A European marine fish (Pagrus vulgaris) allied to the American scup; the becker. The name is sometimes applied to the related species.

Braise (n.) Alt. of Braize

Braize (n.) Charcoal powder; breeze.

Braize (n.) Braised meat.

Braise (v. t.) To stew or broil in a covered kettle or pan.

Braiser (n.) A kettle or pan for braising.

Brait (n.) A rough diamond.

Braize (n.) See Braise.

Brake () imp. of Break.

Brake (n.) A fern of the genus Pteris, esp. the P. aquilina, common in almost all countries. It has solitary stems dividing into three principal branches. Less properly: Any fern.

Brake (n.) A thicket; a place overgrown with shrubs and brambles, with undergrowth and ferns, or with canes.

Brake (v. t.) An instrument or machine to break or bruise the woody part of flax or hemp so that it may be separated from the fiber.

Brake (v. t.) An extended handle by means of which a number of men can unite in working a pump, as in a fire engine.

Brake (v. t.) A baker's kneading though.

Brake (v. t.) A sharp bit or snaffle.

Brake (v. t.) A frame for confining a refractory horse while the smith is shoeing him; also, an inclosure to restrain cattle, horses, etc.

Brake (v. t.) That part of a carriage, as of a movable battery, or engine, which enables it to turn.

Brake (v. t.) An ancient engine of war analogous to the crossbow and ballista.

Brake (v. t.) A large, heavy harrow for breaking clods after plowing; a drag.

Brake (v. t.) A piece of mechanism for retarding or stopping motion by friction, as of a carriage or railway car, by the pressure of rubbers against the wheels, or of clogs or ratchets against the track or roadway, or of a pivoted lever against a wheel or drum in a machine.

Brake (v. t.) An apparatus for testing the power of a steam engine, or other motor, by weighing the amount of friction that the motor will overcome; a friction brake.

Brake (v. t.) A cart or carriage without a body, used in breaking in horses.

Brake (v. t.) An ancient instrument of torture.

Brakemen (pl. ) of Brakeman

Brakeman (n.) A man in charge of a brake or brakes.

Brakeman (n.) The man in charge of the winding (or hoisting) engine for a mine.

Braky (a.) Full of brakes; abounding with brambles, shrubs, or ferns; rough; thorny.

Brama (n.) See Brahma.

Bramah press () A hydrostatic press of immense power, invented by Joseph Bramah of London. See under Hydrostatic.

Bramble (n.) Any plant of the genus Rubus, including the raspberry and blackberry. Hence: Any rough, prickly shrub.

Bramble (n.) The brambling or bramble finch.

Bramble bush () The bramble, or a collection of brambles growing together.

Brambled (a.) Overgrown with brambles.

Bramble net () A net to catch birds.

Brambling (n.) The European mountain finch (Fringilla montifringilla); -- called also bramble finch and bramble.

Brambly (a.) Pertaining to, resembling, or full of, brambles.

Brame (n.) Sharp passion; vexation.

Bramin () Alt. of Braminic

Braminic () See Brahman, Brachmanic, etc.

Bran (n.) The broken coat of the seed of wheat, rye, or other cereal grain, separated from the flour or meal by sifting or bolting; the coarse, chaffy part of ground grain.

Bran (n.) The European carrion crow.

Brancard (n.) A litter on which a person may be carried.

Branches (pl. ) of Branch

Branch (n.) A shoot or secondary stem growing from the main stem, or from a principal limb or bough of a tree or other plant.

Branch (n.) Any division extending like a branch; any arm or part connected with the main body of thing; ramification; as, the branch of an antler; the branch of a chandelier; a branch of a river; a branch of a railway.

Branch (n.) Any member or part of a body or system; a distinct article; a section or subdivision; a department.

Branch (n.) One of the portions of a curve that extends outwards to an indefinitely great distance; as, the branches of an hyperbola.

Branch (n.) A line of family descent, in distinction from some other line or lines from the same stock; any descendant in such a line; as, the English branch of a family.

Branch (n.) A warrant or commission given to a pilot, authorizing him to pilot vessels in certain waters.

Branch (a.) Diverging from, or tributary to, a main stock, line, way, theme, etc.; as, a branch vein; a branch road or line; a branch topic; a branch store.

Branched (imp. & p. p.) of Branch

Branching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Branch

Branch (v. i.) To shoot or spread in branches; to separate into branches; to ramify.

Branch (v. i.) To divide into separate parts or subdivision.

Branch (v. t.) To divide as into branches; to make subordinate division in.

Branch (v. t.) To adorn with needlework representing branches, flowers, or twigs.

Brancher (n.) That which shoots forth branches; one who shows growth in various directions.

Brancher (n.) A young hawk when it begins to leave the nest and take to the branches.

Branchery (n.) A system of branches.

Branchiae (pl. ) of Branchia

Branchia (n.) A gill; a respiratory organ for breathing the air contained in water, such as many aquatic and semiaquatic animals have.

Branchial (a.) Of or pertaining to branchiae or gills.

Branchiate (a.) Furnished with branchiae; as, branchiate segments.

Branchiferous (a.) Having gills; branchiate; as, branchiferous gastropods.

Branchiness (n.) Fullness of branches.

Branching (a.) Furnished with branches; shooting our branches; extending in a branch or branches.

Branching (n.) The act or state of separation into branches; division into branches; a division or branch.

Branchiogastropoda (n. pl.) Those Gastropoda that breathe by branchiae, including the Prosobranchiata and Opisthobranchiata.

Branchiomerism (n.) The state of being made up of branchiate segments.

Branchiopod (n.) One of the Branchiopoda.

Branchiopoda (n. pl.) An order of Entomostraca; -- so named from the feet of branchiopods having been supposed to perform the function of gills. It includes the fresh-water genera Branchipus, Apus, and Limnadia, and the genus Artemia found in salt lakes. It is also called Phyllopoda. See Phyllopoda, Cladocera. It is sometimes used in a broader sense.

Branchiostegal (a.) Pertaining to the membrane covering the gills of fishes.

Branchiostegal (n.) A branchiostegal ray. See Illustration of Branchial arches in Appendix.

Branchiostege () The branchiostegal membrane. See Illustration in Appendix.

Branchiostegous (a.) Branchiostegal.

Branchiostoma (n.) The lancelet. See Amphioxus.

Branchiura (n. pl.) A group of Entomostraca, with suctorial mouths, including species parasitic on fishes, as the carp lice (Argulus).

Branchless (a.) Destitute of branches or shoots; without any valuable product; barren; naked.

Branchlet (n.) A little branch; a twig.

Branch pilot () A pilot who has a branch or commission, as from Trinity House, England, for special navigation.

Branchy (a.) Full of branches; having wide-spreading branches; consisting of branches.

Brand (v. t.) A burning piece of wood; or a stick or piece of wood partly burnt, whether burning or after the fire is extinct.

Brand (v. t.) A sword, so called from its glittering or flashing brightness.

Brand (v. t.) A mark made by burning with a hot iron, as upon a cask, to designate the quality, manufacturer, etc., of the contents, or upon an animal, to designate ownership; -- also, a mark for a similar purpose made in any other way, as with a stencil. Hence, figurately: Quality; kind; grade; as, a good brand of flour.

Brand (v. t.) A mark put upon criminals with a hot iron. Hence: Any mark of infamy or vice; a stigma.

Brand (v. t.) An instrument to brand with; a branding iron.

Brand (v. t.) Any minute fungus which produces a burnt appearance in plants. The brands are of many species and several genera of the order Pucciniaei.

Branded (imp. & p. p.) of Brand

Branding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brand

Brand (v. t.) To burn a distinctive mark into or upon with a hot iron, to indicate quality, ownership, etc., or to mark as infamous (as a convict).

Brand (v. t.) To put an actual distinctive mark upon in any other way, as with a stencil, to show quality of contents, name of manufacture, etc.

Brand (v. t.) Fig.: To fix a mark of infamy, or a stigma, upon.

Brand (v. t.) To mark or impress indelibly, as with a hot iron.

Brander (n.) One who, or that which, brands; a branding iron.

Brander (n.) A gridiron.

Brand goose () A species of wild goose (Branta bernicla) usually called in America brant. See Brant.

Brandied (a.) Mingled with brandy; made stronger by the addition of brandy; flavored or treated with brandy; as, brandied peaches.

Branding iron () An iron to brand with.

Brand iron () A branding iron.

Brand iron () A trivet to set a pot on.

Brand iron () The horizontal bar of an andiron.

Brandished (imp. & p. p.) of Brandish

Brandishing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brandish

Brandish (n.) To move or wave, as a weapon; to raise and move in various directions; to shake or flourish.

Brandish (n.) To play with; to flourish; as, to brandish syllogisms.

Brandish (n.) A flourish, as with a weapon, whip, etc.

Brandisher (n.) One who brandishes.

Brandle (v. t. & i.) To shake; to totter.

Brandling (n.) Alt. of Brandlin

Brandlin (n.) Same as Branlin, fish and worm.

Brand-new (a.) Quite new; bright as if fresh from the forge.

Brand spore () One of several spores growing in a series or chain, and produced by one of the fungi called brand.

Brandies (pl. ) of Brandy

Brandy (n.) A strong alcoholic liquor distilled from wine. The name is also given to spirit distilled from other liquors, and in the United States to that distilled from cider and peaches. In northern Europe, it is also applied to a spirit obtained from grain.

Brandywine (n.) Brandy.

Brangle (n.) A wrangle; a squabble; a noisy contest or dispute.

Brangled (imp. & p. p.) of Brangle

Brangling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brangle

Brangle (v. i.) To wrangle; to dispute contentiously; to squabble.

Branglement (n.) Wrangle; brangle.

Brangler (n.) A quarrelsome person.

Brangling (n.) A quarrel.

Brank (n.) Buckwheat.

Brank (n.) Alt. of Branks

Branks (n.) A sort of bridle with wooden side pieces.

Branks (n.) A scolding bridle, an instrument formerly used for correcting scolding women. It was an iron frame surrounding the head and having a triangular piece entering the mouth of the scold.

Brank (v. i.) To hold up and toss the head; -- applied to horses as spurning the bit.

Brank (v. i.) To prance; to caper.

Brankursine (n.) Bear's-breech, or Acanthus.

Branlin (n.) A young salmon or parr, in the stage in which it has transverse black bands, as if burned by a gridiron.

Branlin (n.) A small red worm or larva, used as bait for small fresh-water fish; -- so called from its red color.

Bran-new (a.) See Brand-new.

Branny (a.) Having the appearance of bran; consisting of or containing bran.

Bransle (n.) A brawl or dance.

Brant (n.) A species of wild goose (Branta bernicla) -- called also brent and brand goose. The name is also applied to other related species.

Brant (a.) Steep.

Brantail (n.) The European redstart; -- so called from the red color of its tail.

Brant-fox (n.) A kind of fox found in Sweden (Vulpes alopex), smaller than the common fox (V. vulgaris), but probably a variety of it.

Branular (a.) Relating to the brain; cerebral.

Brasen (a.) Same as Brazen.

Brash (a.) Hasty in temper; impetuous.

Brash (a.) Brittle, as wood or vegetables.

Brash (n.) A rash or eruption; a sudden or transient fit of sickness.

Brash (n.) Refuse boughs of trees; also, the clippings of hedges.

Brash (n.) Broken and angular fragments of rocks underlying alluvial deposits.

Brash (n.) Broken fragments of ice.

Brasier (n.) Alt. of Brazier

Brazier (n.) An artificer who works in brass.

Brasier (n.) Alt. of Brazier

Brazier (n.) A pan for holding burning coals.

Brasses (pl. ) of Brass

Brass (n.) An alloy (usually yellow) of copper and zinc, in variable proportion, but often containing two parts of copper to one part of zinc. It sometimes contains tin, and rarely other metals.

Brass (n.) A journal bearing, so called because frequently made of brass. A brass is often lined with a softer metal, when the latter is generally called a white metal lining. See Axle box, Journal Box, and Bearing.

Brass (n.) Coin made of copper, brass, or bronze.

Brass (n.) Impudence; a brazen face.

Brass (n.) Utensils, ornaments, or other articles of brass.

Brass (n.) A brass plate engraved with a figure or device. Specifically, one used as a memorial to the dead, and generally having the portrait, coat of arms, etc.

Brass (n.) Lumps of pyrites or sulphuret of iron, the color of which is near to that of brass.

Brassage (n.) A sum formerly levied to pay the expense of coinage; -- now called seigniorage.

Brassart (n.) Armor for the arm; -- generally used for the whole arm from the shoulder to the wrist, and consisting, in the 15th and 16th centuries, of many parts.

Brasse (n.) A spotted European fish of the genus Lucioperca, resembling a perch.

Brassets (n.) See Brassart.

Brassica (n.) A genus of plants embracing several species and varieties differing much in appearance and qualities: such as the common cabbage (B. oleracea), broccoli, cauliflowers, etc.; the wild turnip (B. campestris); the common turnip (B. rapa); the rape or coleseed (B. napus), etc.

Brassicaceous (a.) Related to, or resembling, the cabbage, or plants of the Cabbage family.

Brassiness (n.) The state, condition, or quality of being brassy.

Brass-visaged (a.) Impudent; bold.

Brassy (a.) Of or pertaining to brass; having the nature, appearance, or hardness, of brass.

Brassy (a.) Impudent; impudently bold.

Brast (v. t. & i.) To burst.

Brat (n.) A coarse garment or cloak; also, coarse clothing, in general.

Brat (n.) A coarse kind of apron for keeping the clothes clean; a bib.

Brat (n.) A child; an offspring; -- formerly used in a good sense, but now usually in a contemptuous sense.

Brat (n.) The young of an animal.

Brat (n.) A thin bed of coal mixed with pyrites or carbonate of lime.

Bratsche (n.) The tenor viola, or viola.

Brattice (n.) A wall of separation in a shaft or gallery used for ventilation.

Brattice (n.) Planking to support a roof or wall.

Brattishing (n.) See Brattice, n.

Brattishing (n.) Carved openwork, as of a shrine, battlement, or parapet.

Braunite (n.) A native oxide of manganese, of dark brownish black color. It was named from a Mr. Braun of Gotha.

Bravade (n.) Bravado.

Bravadoes (pl. ) of Bravado

Bravado (n.) Boastful and threatening behavior; a boastful menace.

Brave (superl.) Bold; courageous; daring; intrepid; -- opposed to cowardly; as, a brave man; a brave act.

Brave (superl.) Having any sort of superiority or excellence; -- especially such as in conspicuous.

Brave (superl.) Making a fine show or display.

Brave (n.) A brave person; one who is daring.

Brave (n.) Specifically, an Indian warrior.

Brave (n.) A man daring beyond discretion; a bully.

Brave (n.) A challenge; a defiance; bravado.

Braved (imp. & p. p.) of Brave

Braving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brave

Brave (v. t.) To encounter with courage and fortitude; to set at defiance; to defy; to dare.

Brave (v. t.) To adorn; to make fine or showy.

Bravely (adv.) In a brave manner; courageously; gallantly; valiantly; splendidly; nobly.

Bravely (adv.) Finely; gaudily; gayly; showily.

Bravely (adv.) Well; thrivingly; prosperously.

Braveness (n.) The quality of state or being brave.

Bravery (n.) The quality of being brave; fearless; intrepidity.

Bravery (n.) The act of braving; defiance; bravado.

Bravery (n.) Splendor; magnificence; showy appearance; ostentation; fine dress.

Bravery (n.) A showy person; a fine gentleman; a beau.

Braving (n.) A bravado; a boast.

Bravingly (adv.) In a defiant manner.

Bravoes (pl. ) of Bravo

Bravo (a.) A daring villain; a bandit; one who sets law at defiance; a professional assassin or murderer.

Bravo (interj.) Well done! excellent! an exclamation expressive of applause.

Bravura (n.) A florid, brilliant style of music, written for effect, to show the range and flexibility of a singer's voice, or the technical force and skill of a performer; virtuoso music.

Brawled (imp. & p. p.) of Brawl

Brawling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brawl

Brawl (v. i.) To quarrel noisily and outrageously.

Brawl (v. i.) To complain loudly; to scold.

Brawl (v. i.) To make a loud confused noise, as the water of a rapid stream running over stones.

Brawl (n.) A noisy quarrel; loud, angry contention; a wrangle; a tumult; as, a drunken brawl.

Brawler (n.) One that brawls; wrangler.

Brawling (a.) Quarreling; quarrelsome; noisy.

Brawling (a.) Making a loud confused noise. See Brawl, v. i., 3.

Brawlingly (adv.) In a brawling manner.

Brawn (n.) A muscle; flesh.

Brawn (n.) Full, strong muscles, esp. of the arm or leg, muscular strength; a protuberant muscular part of the body; sometimes, the arm.

Brawn (n.) The flesh of a boar; also, the salted and prepared flesh of a boar.

Brawn (n.) A boar.

Brawned (a.) Brawny; strong; muscular.

Brawner (n.) A boor killed for the table.

Brawniness (n.) The quality or state of being brawny.

Brawny (a.) Having large, strong muscles; muscular; fleshy; strong.

Braxy (n.) A disease of sheep. The term is variously applied in different localities.

Braxy (n.) A diseased sheep, or its mutton.

Brayed (imp. & p. p.) of Bray

Braying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Bray

Bray (v. t.) To pound, beat, rub, or grind small or fine.

Bray (v. i.) To utter a loud, harsh cry, as an ass.

Bray (v. i.) To make a harsh, grating, or discordant noise.

Bray (v. t.) To make or utter with a loud, discordant, or harsh and grating sound.

Bray (n.) The harsh cry of an ass; also, any harsh, grating, or discordant sound.

Bray (n.) A bank; the slope of a hill; a hill. See Brae, which is now the usual spelling.

Brayer (n.) An implement for braying and spreading ink in hand printing.

Brayer (n.) One that brays like an ass.

Braying (a.) Making a harsh noise; blaring.

Brazed (imp. & p. p.) of Braze

Brazing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Braze

Braze (v. i.) To solder with hard solder, esp. with an alloy of copper and zinc; as, to braze the seams of a copper pipe.

Braze (v. i.) To harden.

Braze (v. t.) To cover or ornament with brass.

Brazen (a.) Pertaining to, made of, or resembling, brass.

Brazen (a.) Sounding harsh and loud, like resounding brass.

Brazen (a.) Impudent; immodest; shameless; having a front like brass; as, a brazen countenance.

Brazened (imp. & p. p.) of Brazen

Brazening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brazen

Brazen (v. t.) To carry through impudently or shamelessly; as, to brazen the matter through.

Brazen-browed (a.) Shamelessly impudent.

Brazenface (n.) An impudent or shameless person.

Brazenfaced (a.) Impudent; shameless.

Brazenly (adv.) In a bold, impudent manner.

Brazenness (n.) The quality or state of being brazen.

Brazier (n.) Same as Brasier.

Braziletto (n.) See Brazil wood.

Brazilian (a.) Of or pertaining to Brazil.

Brazilian (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Brazil.

Brazilin (n.) A substance contained in both Brazil wood and Sapan wood, from which it is extracted as a yellow crystalline substance which is white when pure. It is colored intensely red by alkalies.

Brazil nut () An oily, three-sided nut, the seed of the Bertholletia excelsa; the cream nut.

Brazil wood () The wood of the oriental Caesalpinia Sapan; -- so called before the discovery of America.

Brazil wood () A very heavy wood of a reddish color, imported from Brazil and other tropical countries, for cabinet-work, and for dyeing. The best is the heartwood of Caesalpinia echinata, a leguminous tree; but other trees also yield it. An inferior sort comes from Jamaica, the timber of C. Braziliensis and C. crista. This is often distinguished as Braziletto , but the better kind is also frequently so named.

Breach (n.) The act of breaking, in a figurative sense.

Breach (n.) Specifically: A breaking or infraction of a law, or of any obligation or tie; violation; non-fulfillment; as, a breach of contract; a breach of promise.

Breach (n.) A gap or opening made made by breaking or battering, as in a wall or fortification; the space between the parts of a solid body rent by violence; a break; a rupture.

Breach (n.) A breaking of waters, as over a vessel; the waters themselves; surge; surf.

Breach (n.) A breaking up of amicable relations; rupture.

Breach (n.) A bruise; a wound.

Breach (n.) A hernia; a rupture.

Breach (n.) A breaking out upon; an assault.

Breached (imp. & p. p.) of Breach

Breaching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Breach

Breach (v. t.) To make a breach or opening in; as, to breach the walls of a city.

Breach (v. i.) To break the water, as by leaping out; -- said of a whale.

Breachy (a.) Apt to break fences or to break out of pasture; unruly; as, breachy cattle.

Bread (a.) To spread.

Bread (n.) An article of food made from flour or meal by moistening, kneading, and baking.

Bread (n.) Food; sustenance; support of life, in general.

Bread (v. t.) To cover with bread crumbs, preparatory to cooking; as, breaded cutlets.

Breadbasket (n.) The stomach.

Breadcorn () Corn of grain of which bread is made, as wheat, rye, etc.

Breaded (a.) Braided

Breaden (a.) Made of bread.

Breadfruit (n.) The fruit of a tree (Artocarpus incisa) found in the islands of the Pacific, esp. the South Sea islands. It is of a roundish form, from four to six or seven inches in diameter, and, when baked, somewhat resembles bread, and is eaten as food, whence the name.

Breadfruit (n.) The tree itself, which is one of considerable size, with large, lobed leaves. Cloth is made from the bark, and the timber is used for many purposes. Called also breadfruit tree and bread tree.

Breadless (a.) Without bread; destitute of food.

Breadroot (n.) The root of a leguminous plant (Psoralea esculenta), found near the Rocky Mountains. It is usually oval in form, and abounds in farinaceous matter, affording sweet and palatable food.

Breadstuff (n.) Grain, flour, or meal of which bread is made.

Breadth (a.) Distance from side to side of any surface or thing; measure across, or at right angles to the length; width.

Breadthless (a.) Without breadth.

Breadthways (ads.) Breadthwise.

Breadthwise (ads.) In the direction of the breadth.

Breadthwinner (n.) The member of a family whose labor supplies the food of the family; one who works for his living.

broke (imp.) of Break

Brake () of Break

Broken (p. p.) of Break

Broke () of Break

Breaking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Break

Break (v. t.) To strain apart; to sever by fracture; to divide with violence; as, to break a rope or chain; to break a seal; to break an axle; to break rocks or coal; to break a lock.

Break (v. t.) To lay open as by breaking; to divide; as, to break a package of goods.

Break (v. t.) To lay open, as a purpose; to disclose, divulge, or communicate.

Break (v. t.) To infringe or violate, as an obligation, law, or promise.

Break (v. t.) To interrupt; to destroy the continuity of; to dissolve or terminate; as, to break silence; to break one's sleep; to break one's journey.

Break (v. t.) To destroy the completeness of; to remove a part from; as, to break a set.

Break (v. t.) To destroy the arrangement of; to throw into disorder; to pierce; as, the cavalry were not able to break the British squares.

Break (v. t.) To shatter to pieces; to reduce to fragments.

Break (v. t.) To exchange for other money or currency of smaller denomination; as, to break a five dollar bill.

Break (v. t.) To destroy the strength, firmness, or consistency of; as, to break flax.

Break (v. t.) To weaken or impair, as health, spirit, or mind.

Break (v. t.) To diminish the force of; to lessen the shock of, as a fall or blow.

Break (v. t.) To impart, as news or information; to broach; -- with to, and often with a modified word implying some reserve; as, to break the news gently to the widow; to break a purpose cautiously to a friend.

Break (v. t.) To tame; to reduce to subjection; to make tractable; to discipline; as, to break a horse to the harness or saddle.

Break (v. t.) To destroy the financial credit of; to make bankrupt; to ruin.

Break (v. t.) To destroy the official character and standing of; to cashier; to dismiss.

Break (v. i.) To come apart or divide into two or more pieces, usually with suddenness and violence; to part; to burst asunder.

Break (v. i.) To open spontaneously, or by pressure from within, as a bubble, a tumor, a seed vessel, a bag.

Break (v. i.) To burst forth; to make its way; to come to view; to appear; to dawn.

Break (v. i.) To burst forth violently, as a storm.

Break (v. i.) To open up; to be scattered; to be dissipated; as, the clouds are breaking.

Break (v. i.) To become weakened in constitution or faculties; to lose health or strength.

Break (v. i.) To be crushed, or overwhelmed with sorrow or grief; as, my heart is breaking.

Break (v. i.) To fall in business; to become bankrupt.

Break (v. i.) To make an abrupt or sudden change; to change the gait; as, to break into a run or gallop.

Break (v. i.) To fail in musical quality; as, a singer's voice breaks when it is strained beyond its compass and a tone or note is not completed, but degenerates into an unmusical sound instead. Also, to change in tone, as a boy's voice at puberty.

Break (v. i.) To fall out; to terminate friendship.

Break (v. t.) An opening made by fracture or disruption.

Break (v. t.) An interruption of continuity; change of direction; as, a break in a wall; a break in the deck of a ship.

Break (v. t.) A projection or recess from the face of a building.

Break (v. t.) An opening or displacement in the circuit, interrupting the electrical current.

Break (v. t.) An interruption; a pause; as, a break in friendship; a break in the conversation.

Break (v. t.) An interruption in continuity in writing or printing, as where there is an omission, an unfilled line, etc.

Break (v. t.) The first appearing, as of light in the morning; the dawn; as, the break of day; the break of dawn.

Break (v. t.) A large four-wheeled carriage, having a straight body and calash top, with the driver's seat in front and the footman's behind.

Break (v. t.) A device for checking motion, or for measuring friction. See Brake, n. 9 & 10.

Break (n.) See Commutator.

Breakable (a.) Capable of being broken.

Breakage (n.) The act of breaking; a break; a breaking; also, articles broken.

Breakage (n.) An allowance or compensation for things broken accidentally, as in transportation or use.

Breakbone fever () See Dengue.

Break-circuit (n.) A key or other device for breaking an electrical circuit.

Breakdown (n.) The act or result of breaking down, as of a carriage; downfall.

Breakdown (n.) A noisy, rapid, shuffling dance engaged in competitively by a number of persons or pairs in succession, as among the colored people of the Southern United States, and so called, perhaps, because the exercise is continued until most of those who take part in it break down.

Breakdown (n.) Any rude, noisy dance performed by shuffling the feet, usually by one person at a time.

Breaker (n.) One who, or that which, breaks.

Breaker (n.) Specifically: A machine for breaking rocks, or for breaking coal at the mines; also, the building in which such a machine is placed.

Breaker (n.) A small water cask.

Breaker (n.) A wave breaking into foam against the shore, or against a sand bank, or a rock or reef near the surface.

Breakfast (n.) The first meal in the day, or that which is eaten at the first meal.

Breakfast (n.) A meal after fasting, or food in general.

breakfasted (imp. & p. p.) of Breakfast

Breakfasting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Breakfast

Breakfast (v. i.) To break one's fast in the morning; too eat the first meal in the day.

Breakfast (v. t.) To furnish with breakfast.

Breakman (n.) See Brakeman.

Breakneck (n.) A fall that breaks the neck.

Breakneck (n.) A steep place endangering the neck.

Breakneck (a.) Producing danger of a broken neck; as, breakneck speed.

Break-up (n.) Disruption; a separation and dispersion of the parts or members; as, a break-up of an assembly or dinner party; a break-up of the government.

Breakwater (n.) Any structure or contrivance, as a mole, or a wall at the mouth of a harbor, to break the force of waves, and afford protection from their violence.

Bream (n.) A European fresh-water cyprinoid fish of the genus Abramis, little valued as food. Several species are known.

Bream (n.) An American fresh-water fish, of various species of Pomotis and allied genera, which are also called sunfishes and pondfishes. See Pondfish.

Bream (n.) A marine sparoid fish of the genus Pagellus, and allied genera. See Sea Bream.

Breamed (imp. & p. p.) of Bream

Breaming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Bream

Bream (v. t.) To clean, as a ship's bottom of adherent shells, seaweed, etc., by the application of fire and scraping.

Breast (n.) The fore part of the body, between the neck and the belly; the chest; as, the breast of a man or of a horse.

Breast (n.) Either one of the protuberant glands, situated on the front of the chest or thorax in the female of man and of some other mammalia, in which milk is secreted for the nourishment of the young; a mamma; a teat.

Breast (n.) Anything resembling the human breast, or bosom; the front or forward part of anything; as, a chimney breast; a plow breast; the breast of a hill.

Breast (n.) The face of a coal working.

Breast (n.) The front of a furnace.

Breast (n.) The seat of consciousness; the repository of thought and self-consciousness, or of secrets; the seat of the affections and passions; the heart.

Breast (n.) The power of singing; a musical voice; -- so called, probably, from the connection of the voice with the lungs, which lie within the breast.

Breasted (imp. & p. p.) of Breast

Breasting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Breast

Breast (v. t.) To meet, with the breast; to struggle with or oppose manfully; as, to breast the storm or waves.

Breastband (n.) A band for the breast. Specifically: (Naut.) A band of canvas, or a rope, fastened at both ends to the rigging, to support the man who heaves the lead in sounding.

Breastbeam (n.) The front transverse beam of a locomotive.

Breastbone (n.) The bone of the breast; the sternum.

Breast-deep (a.) Deep as from the breast to the feet; as high as the breast.

Breasted (a.) Having a breast; -- used in composition with qualifying words, in either a literal or a metaphorical sense; as, a single-breasted coat.

Breastfast (n.) A large rope to fasten the midship part of a ship to a wharf, or to another vessel.

Breastheight (n.) The interior slope of a fortification, against which the garrison lean in firing.

Breast-high (a.) High as the breast.

Breasthook (n.) A thick piece of timber in the form of a knee, placed across the stem of a ship to strengthen the fore part and unite the bows on each side.

Breasting (n.) The curved channel in which a breast wheel turns. It is closely adapted to the curve of the wheel through about a quarter of its circumference, and prevents the escape of the water until it has spent its force upon the wheel. See Breast wheel.

Breastknot (n.) A knot of ribbons worn on the breast.

Breastpin (n.) A pin worn on the breast for a fastening, or for ornament; a brooch.

Breastplate (n.) A plate of metal covering the breast as defensive armor.

Breastplate (n.) A piece against which the workman presses his breast in operating a breast drill, or other similar tool.

Breastplate (n.) A strap that runs across a horse's breast.

Breastplate (n.) A part of the vestment of the high priest, worn upon the front of the ephod. It was a double piece of richly embroidered stuff, a span square, set with twelve precious stones, on which were engraved the names of the twelve tribes of Israel. See Ephod.

Breastplow (n.) Alt. of Breastplough

Breastplough (n.) A kind of plow, driven by the breast of the workman; -- used to cut or pare turf.

Breastrail (n.) The upper rail of any parapet of ordinary height, as of a balcony; the railing of a quarter-deck, etc.

Breastrope (n.) See Breastband.

Breastsummer (n.) A summer or girder extending across a building flush with, and supporting, the upper part of a front or external wall; a long lintel; a girder; -- used principally above shop windows.

Breastwheel (n.) A water wheel, on which the stream of water strikes neither so high as in the overshot wheel, nor so low as in the undershot, but generally at about half the height of the wheel, being kept in contact with it by the breasting. The water acts on the float boards partly by impulse, partly by its weight.

Breastwork (n.) A defensive work of moderate height, hastily thrown up, of earth or other material.

Breastwork (n.) A railing on the quarter-deck and forecastle.

Breath (n.) The air inhaled and exhaled in respiration; air which, in the process of respiration, has parted with oxygen and has received carbonic acid, aqueous vapor, warmth, etc.

Breath (n.) The act of breathing naturally or freely; the power or capacity to breathe freely; as, I am out of breath.

Breath (n.) The power of respiration, and hence, life.

Breath (n.) Time to breathe; respite; pause.

Breath (n.) A single respiration, or the time of making it; a single act; an instant.

Breath (n.) Fig.: That which gives or strengthens life.

Breath (n.) A single word; the slightest effort; a trifle.

Breath (n.) A very slight breeze; air in gentle motion.

Breath (n.) Fragrance; exhalation; odor; perfume.

Breath (n.) Gentle exercise, causing a quicker respiration.

Breathable (a.) Such as can be breathed.

Breathableness (n.) State of being breathable.

Breathed (imp. & p. p.) of Breathe

Breathing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Breathe

Breathe (v. i.) To respire; to inhale and exhale air; hence;, to live.

Breathe (v. i.) To take breath; to rest from action.

Breathe (v. i.) To pass like breath; noiselessly or gently; to exhale; to emanate; to blow gently.

Breathe (v. t.) To inhale and exhale in the process of respiration; to respire.

Breathe (v. t.) To inject by breathing; to infuse; -- with into.

Breathe (v. t.) To emit or utter by the breath; to utter softly; to whisper; as, to breathe a vow.

Breathe (v. t.) To exhale; to emit, as breath; as, the flowers breathe odors or perfumes.

Breathe (v. t.) To express; to manifest; to give forth.

Breathe (v. t.) To act upon by the breath; to cause to sound by breathing.

Breathe (v. t.) To promote free respiration in; to exercise.

Breathe (v. t.) To suffer to take breath, or recover the natural breathing; to rest; as, to breathe a horse.

Breathe (v. t.) To put out of breath; to exhaust.

Breathe (v. t.) To utter without vocality, as the nonvocal consonants.

Breather (n.) One who breathes. Hence: (a) One who lives.(b) One who utters. (c) One who animates or inspires.

Breather (n.) That which puts one out of breath, as violent exercise.

Breathful (a.) Full of breath; full of odor; fragrant.

Breathing (n.) Respiration; the act of inhaling and exhaling air.

Breathing (n.) Air in gentle motion.

Breathing (n.) Any gentle influence or operation; inspiration; as, the breathings of the Spirit.

Breathing (n.) Aspiration; secret prayer.

Breathing (n.) Exercising; promotion of respiration.

Breathing (n.) Utterance; communication or publicity by words.

Breathing (n.) Breathing place; vent.

Breathing (n.) Stop; pause; delay.

Breathing (n.) Also, in a wider sense, the sound caused by the friction of the outgoing breath in the throat, mouth, etc., when the glottis is wide open; aspiration; the sound expressed by the letter h.

Breathing (n.) A mark to indicate aspiration or its absence. See Rough breathing, Smooth breathing, below.

Breathless (a.) Spent with labor or violent action; out of breath.

Breathless (a.) Not breathing; holding the breath, on account of fear, expectation, or intense interest; attended with a holding of the breath; as, breathless attention.

Breathless (a.) Dead; as, a breathless body.

Breathlessly (adv.) In a breathless manner.

Breathlessness (n.) The state of being breathless or out of breath.

Breccia (n.) A rock composed of angular fragments either of the same mineral or of different minerals, etc., united by a cement, and commonly presenting a variety of colors.

Brecciated (a.) Consisting of angular fragments cemented together; resembling breccia in appearance.

Bred () imp. & p. p. of Breed.

Brede (n.) Alt. of Breede

Breede (n.) Breadth.

Brede (n.) A braid.

Breech (n.) The lower part of the body behind; the buttocks.

Breech (n.) Breeches.

Breech (n.) The hinder part of anything; esp., the part of a cannon, or other firearm, behind the chamber.

Breech (n.) The external angle of knee timber, the inside of which is called the throat.

Breeched (imp. & p. p.) of Breech

Breeching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Breech

Breech (v. t.) To put into, or clothe with, breeches.

Breech (v. t.) To cover as with breeches.

Breech (v. t.) To fit or furnish with a breech; as, to breech a gun.

Breech (v. t.) To whip on the breech.

Breech (v. t.) To fasten with breeching.

Breechblock (n.) The movable piece which closes the breech of a breech-loading firearm, and resists the backward force of the discharge. It is withdrawn for the insertion of a cartridge, and closed again before the gun is fired.

Breechcloth (n.) A cloth worn around the breech.

Breeches (n. pl.) A garment worn by men, covering the hips and thighs; smallclothes.

Breeches (n. pl.) Trousers; pantaloons.

Breeching (n.) A whipping on the breech, or the act of whipping on the breech.

Breeching (n.) That part of a harness which passes round the breech of a horse, enabling him to hold back a vehicle.

Breeching (n.) A strong rope rove through the cascabel of a cannon and secured to ringbolts in the ship's side, to limit the recoil of the gun when it is discharged.

Breeching (n.) The sheet iron casing at the end of boilers to convey the smoke from the flues to the smokestack.

Breechloader (n.) A firearm which receives its load at the breech.

Breech-loading (a.) Receiving the charge at the breech instead of at the muzzle.

Breech pin () Alt. of Breech screw

Breech screw () A strong iron or steel plug screwed into the breech of a musket or other firearm, to close the bottom of the bore.

Breech sight () A device attached to the breech of a firearm, to guide the eye, in conjunction with the front sight, in taking aim.

Bred (imp. & p. p.) of Breed

Breeding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Breed

Breed (v. t.) To produce as offspring; to bring forth; to bear; to procreate; to generate; to beget; to hatch.

Breed (v. t.) To take care of in infancy, and through the age of youth; to bring up; to nurse and foster.

Breed (v. t.) To educate; to instruct; to form by education; to train; -- sometimes followed by up.

Breed (v. t.) To engender; to cause; to occasion; to originate; to produce; as, to breed a storm; to breed disease.

Breed (v. t.) To give birth to; to be the native place of; as, a pond breeds fish; a northern country breeds stout men.

Breed (v. t.) To raise, as any kind of stock.

Breed (v. t.) To produce or obtain by any natural process.

Breed (v. i.) To bear and nourish young; to reproduce or multiply itself; to be pregnant.

Breed (v. i.) To be formed in the parent or dam; to be generated, or to grow, as young before birth.

Breed (v. i.) To have birth; to be produced or multiplied.

Breed (v. i.) To raise a breed; to get progeny.

Breed (n.) A race or variety of men or other animals (or of plants), perpetuating its special or distinctive characteristics by inheritance.

Breed (n.) Class; sort; kind; -- of men, things, or qualities.

Breed (n.) A number produced at once; a brood.

Breedbate (n.) One who breeds or originates quarrels.

Breeder (n.) One who, or that which, breeds, produces, brings up, etc.

Breeder (n.) A cause.

Breeding (n.) The act or process of generating or bearing.

Breeding (n.) The raising or improving of any kind of domestic animals; as, farmers should pay attention to breeding.

Breeding (n.) Nurture; education; formation of manners.

Breeding (n.) Deportment or behavior in the external offices and decorums of social life; manners; knowledge of, or training in, the ceremonies, or polite observances of society.

Breeding (n.) Descent; pedigree; extraction.

Breeze (n.) Alt. of Breeze fly

Breeze fly (n.) A fly of various species, of the family Tabanidae, noted for buzzing about animals, and tormenting them by sucking their blood; -- called also horsefly, and gadfly. They are among the largest of two-winged or dipterous insects. The name is also given to different species of botflies.

Breeze (n.) A light, gentle wind; a fresh, soft-blowing wind.

Breeze (n.) An excited or ruffed state of feeling; a flurry of excitement; a disturbance; a quarrel; as, the discovery produced a breeze.

Breeze (n.) Refuse left in the process of making coke or burning charcoal.

Breeze (n.) Refuse coal, coal ashes, and cinders, used in the burning of bricks.

Breeze (v. i.) To blow gently.

Breezeless (a.) Motionless; destitute of breezes.

Breeziness (n.) State of being breezy.

Breezy (a.) Characterized by, or having, breezes; airy.

Breezy (a.) Fresh; brisk; full of life.

Bregma (n.) The point of junction of the coronal and sagittal sutures of the skull.

Bregmatic (a.) Pertaining to the bregma.

Brehon (n.) An ancient Irish or Scotch judge.

Breme (a.) Fierce; sharp; severe; cruel.

Breme (a.) Famous; renowned; well known.

Brent (imp. & p. p.) of Brenne

Brenning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brenne

Bren (v. t. & i.) Alt. of Brenne

Brenne (v. t. & i.) To burn.

Bren (n.) Bran.

Brennage (n.) A tribute which tenants paid to their lord, in lieu of bran, which they were obliged to furnish for his hounds.

Brenningly (adv.) Burningly; ardently.

Brent (a.) Alt. of Brant

Brant (a.) Steep; high.

Brant (a.) Smooth; unwrinkled.

Brent (imp. & p. p.) Burnt.

Brent (n.) A brant. See Brant.

Brequet chain () A watch-guard.

Brere (n.) A brier.

Brest (3d sing.pr.) for Bursteth.

Brest (n.) Alt. of Breast

Breast (n.) A torus.

Brast (imp.) of Breste

Brusten (p. p.) of Breste

Borsten () of Breste

Bursten () of Breste

Breste (v. t. & i.) To burst.

Brestsummer (n.) See Breastsummer.

Bret (n.) See Birt.

Bretful (a.) Brimful.

Brethren (n.) pl. of Brother.

Breton (a.) Of or relating to Brittany, or Bretagne, in France.

Breton (n.) A native or inhabitant of Brittany, or Bretagne, in France; also, the ancient language of Brittany; Armorican.

Brett (n.) Same as Britzska.

Brettices (pl. ) of Brettice

Brettice (n.) The wooden boarding used in supporting the roofs and walls of coal mines. See Brattice.

Bretwalda (n.) The official title applied to that one of the Anglo-Saxon chieftains who was chosen by the other chiefs to lead them in their warfare against the British tribes.

Bretzel (n.) See Pretzel.

Breve (n.) A note or character of time, equivalent to two semibreves or four minims. When dotted, it is equal to three semibreves. It was formerly of a square figure (as thus: / ), but is now made oval, with a line perpendicular to the staff on each of its sides; -- formerly much used for choir service.

Breve (n.) Any writ or precept under seal, issued out of any court.

Breve (n.) A curved mark [/] used commonly to indicate the short quantity of a vowel.

Breve (n.) The great ant thrush of Sumatra (Pitta gigas), which has a very short tail.

Brevet (n.) A warrant from the government, granting a privilege, title, or dignity. [French usage].

Brevet (n.) A commission giving an officer higher rank than that for which he receives pay; an honorary promotion of an officer.

Brevetted (imp. & p. p.) of Brevet

Brevetting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brevet

Brevet (v. t.) To confer rank upon by brevet.

Brevet (a.) Taking or conferring rank by brevet; as, a brevet colonel; a brevet commission.

Brevetcies (pl. ) of Brevetcy

Brevetcy (n.) The rank or condition of a brevet officer.

Breviaries (pl. ) of Breviary

Breviary (n.) An abridgment; a compend; an epitome; a brief account or summary.

Breviary (n.) A book containing the daily public or canonical prayers of the Roman Catholic or of the Greek Church for the seven canonical hours, namely, matins and lauds, the first, third, sixth, and ninth hours, vespers, and compline; -- distinguished from the missal.

Breviate (n.) A short compend; a summary; a brief statement.

Breviate (n.) A lawyer's brief.

Breviate (v. t.) To abbreviate.

Breviature (n.) An abbreviature; an abbreviation.

Brevier (n.) A size of type between bourgeois and minion.

Breviloquence (n.) A brief and pertinent mode of speaking.

Breviped (a.) Having short legs.

Breviped (n.) A breviped bird.

Brevipen (n.) A brevipennate bird.

Brevipennate (a.) Short-winged; -- applied to birds which can not fly, owing to their short wings, as the ostrich, cassowary, and emu.

Brevirostral (a.) Alt. of Brevirostrate

Brevirostrate (a.) Short-billed; having a short beak.

Brevities (pl. ) of Brevity

Brevity (n.) Shortness of duration; briefness of time; as, the brevity of human life.

Brevity (n.) Contraction into few words; conciseness.

Brewed (imp. & p. p.) of Brew

Brewing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brew

Brew (v. t.) To boil or seethe; to cook.

Brew (v. t.) To prepare, as beer or other liquor, from malt and hops, or from other materials, by steeping, boiling, and fermentation.

Brew (v. t.) To prepare by steeping and mingling; to concoct.

Brew (v. t.) To foment or prepare, as by brewing; to contrive; to plot; to concoct; to hatch; as, to brew mischief.

Brew (v. i.) To attend to the business, or go through the processes, of brewing or making beer.

Brew (v. i.) To be in a state of preparation; to be mixing, forming, or gathering; as, a storm brews in the west.

Brew (n.) The mixture formed by brewing; that which is brewed.

Brewage (n.) Malt liquor; drink brewed.

Brewer (n.) One who brews; one whose occupation is to prepare malt liquors.

Brewery (n.) A brewhouse; the building and apparatus where brewing is carried on.

Brewhouse (n.) A house or building appropriated to brewing; a brewery.

Brewing (n.) The act or process of preparing liquors which are brewed, as beer and ale.

Brewing (n.) The quantity brewed at once.

Brewing (n.) A mixing together.

Brewing (n.) A gathering or forming of a storm or squall, indicated by thick, dark clouds.

Brewis (n.) Broth or pottage.

Brewis (n.) Bread soaked in broth, drippings of roast meat, milk, or water and butter.

Brewsterite (n.) A rare zeolitic mineral occurring in white monoclinic crystals with pearly luster. It is a hydrous silicate of aluminia, baryta, and strontia.

Brezilin (n.) See Brazilin.

Briar (n.) Same as Brier.

Briarean (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, Briareus, a giant fabled to have a hundred hands; hence, hundred-handed or many-handed.

Bribable (a.) Capable of being bribed.

Bribe (n.) A gift begged; a present.

Bribe (n.) A price, reward, gift, or favor bestowed or promised with a view to prevent the judgment or corrupt the conduct of a judge, witness, voter, or other person in a position of trust.

Bribe (n.) That which seduces; seduction; allurement.

Bribed (imp. & p. p.) of Bribe

Bribing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Bribe

Bribe (v. t.) To rob or steal.

Bribe (v. t.) To give or promise a reward or consideration to (a judge, juror, legislator, voter, or other person in a position of trust) with a view to prevent the judgment or corrupt the conduct; to induce or influence by a bribe; to give a bribe to.

Bribe (v. t.) To gain by a bribe; of induce as by a bribe.

Bribe (v. i.) To commit robbery or theft.

Bribe (v. i.) To give a bribe to a person; to pervert the judgment or corrupt the action of a person in a position of trust, by some gift or promise.

Bribeless (a.) Incapable of being bribed; free from bribes.

Briber (n.) A thief.

Briber (n.) One who bribes, or pays for corrupt practices.

Briber (n.) That which bribes; a bribe.

Briberies (pl. ) of Bribery

Bribery (n.) Robbery; extortion.

Bribery (n.) The act or practice of giving or taking bribes; the act of influencing the official or political action of another by corrupt inducements.

Bric-a brac (n.) Miscellaneous curiosities and works of decorative art, considered collectively.

Brick (n.) A block or clay tempered with water, sand, etc., molded into a regular form, usually rectangular, and sun-dried, or burnt in a kiln, or in a heap or stack called a clamp.

Brick (n.) Bricks, collectively, as designating that kind of material; as, a load of brick; a thousand of brick.

Brick (n.) Any oblong rectangular mass; as, a brick of maple sugar; a penny brick (of bread).

Brick (n.) A good fellow; a merry person; as, you 're a brick.

Bricked (imp. & p. p.) of Brick

Bricking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brick

Brick (v. t.) To lay or pave with bricks; to surround, line, or construct with bricks.

Brick (v. t.) To imitate or counterfeit a brick wall on, as by smearing plaster with red ocher, making the joints with an edge tool, and pointing them.

Brickbat (n.) A piece or fragment of a brick. See Bat, 4.

Brickkiln (n.) A kiln, or furnace, in which bricks are baked or burnt; or a pile of green bricks, laid loose, with arches underneath to receive the wood or fuel for burning them.

Bricklayer (n.) One whose occupation is to build with bricks.

Bricklaying (n.) The art of building with bricks, or of uniting them by cement or mortar into various forms; the act or occupation of laying bricks.

Brickle (a.) Brittle; easily broken.

Brickleness (n.) Brittleness.

Brickmaker (n.) One whose occupation is to make bricks.

Brickwork (n.) Anything made of bricks.

Brickwork (n.) The act of building with or laying bricks.

Bricky (a.) Full of bricks; formed of bricks; resembling bricks or brick dust.

Brickyard (n.) A place where bricks are made, especially an inclosed place.

Bricole (n.) A kind of traces with hooks and rings, with which men drag and maneuver guns where horses can not be used.

Brid (n.) A bird.

Bridal (n.) Of or pertaining to a bride, or to wedding; nuptial; as, bridal ornaments; a bridal outfit; a bridal chamber.

Bridal (n.) A nuptial festival or ceremony; a marriage.

Bridalty (n.) Celebration of the nuptial feast.

Bride (n.) A woman newly married, or about to be married.

Bride (n.) Fig.: An object ardently loved.

Bride (v. t.) To make a bride of.

Bride-ale (n.) A rustic wedding feast; a bridal. See Ale.

Bridebed (n.) The marriage bed.

Bridecake (n.) Rich or highly ornamented cake, to be distributed to the guests at a wedding, or sent to friends after the wedding.

Bridechamber (n.) The nuptial apartment.

Bridegroom (n.) A man newly married, or just about to be married.

Brideknot (n.) A knot of ribbons worn by a guest at a wedding; a wedding favor.

Bridemaid (n.) Alt. of Brideman

Brideman (n.) See Bridesmaid, Bridesman.

Bridesmaid (n.) A female friend who attends on a bride at her wedding.

Bridesmen (pl. ) of Bridesman

Bridesman (n.) A male friend who attends upon a bridegroom and bride at their marriage; the "best man."

Bridestake (n.) A stake or post set in the ground, for guests at a wedding to dance round.

Bridewell (n.) A house of correction for the confinement of disorderly persons; -- so called from a hospital built in 1553 near St. Bride's (or Bridget's) well, in London, which was subsequently a penal workhouse.

Bridge (n.) A structure, usually of wood, stone, brick, or iron, erected over a river or other water course, or over a chasm, railroad, etc., to make a passageway from one bank to the other.

Bridge (n.) Anything supported at the ends, which serves to keep some other thing from resting upon the object spanned, as in engraving, watchmaking, etc., or which forms a platform or staging over which something passes or is conveyed.

Bridge (n.) The small arch or bar at right angles to the strings of a violin, guitar, etc., serving of raise them and transmit their vibrations to the body of the instrument.

Bridge (n.) A device to measure the resistance of a wire or other conductor forming part of an electric circuit.

Bridge (n.) A low wall or vertical partition in the fire chamber of a furnace, for deflecting flame, etc.; -- usually called a bridge wall.

Bridged (imp. & p. p.) of Bridge

Bridging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Bridge

Bridge (v. t.) To build a bridge or bridges on or over; as, to bridge a river.

Bridge (v. t.) To open or make a passage, as by a bridge.

Bridge (v. t.) To find a way of getting over, as a difficulty; -- generally with over.

Bridgeboard (n.) A notched board to which the treads and risers of the steps of wooden stairs are fastened.

Bridgeboard (n.) A board or plank used as a bridge.

Bridgehead (n.) A fortification commanding the extremity of a bridge nearest the enemy, to insure the preservation and usefulness of the bridge, and prevent the enemy from crossing; a tete-de-pont.

Bridgeless (a.) Having no bridge; not bridged.

Bridgepot (n.) The adjustable socket, or step, of a millstone spindle.

Bridgetree (n.) The beam which supports the spindle socket of the runner in a grinding mill.

Bridge-ward (n.) A bridge keeper; a warden or a guard for a bridge.

Bridge-ward (n.) The principal ward of a key.

Bridgeing (n.) The system of bracing used between floor or other timbers to distribute the weight.

Bridgey (a.) Full of bridges.

Bridle (n.) The head gear with which a horse is governed and restrained, consisting of a headstall, a bit, and reins, with other appendages.

Bridle (n.) A restraint; a curb; a check.

Bridle (n.) The piece in the interior of a gun lock, which holds in place the tumbler, sear, etc.

Bridle (n.) A span of rope, line, or chain made fast as both ends, so that another rope, line, or chain may be attached to its middle.

Bridle (n.) A mooring hawser.

Bridled (imp. & p. p.) of Bridle

Bridling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Bridle

Bridle (v. t.) To put a bridle upon; to equip with a bridle; as, to bridle a horse.

Bridle (v. t.) To restrain, guide, or govern, with, or as with, a bridle; to check, curb, or control; as, to bridle the passions; to bridle a muse.

Bridle (v. i.) To hold up the head, and draw in the chin, as an expression of pride, scorn, or resentment; to assume a lofty manner; -- usually with up.

Bridle iron () A strong flat bar of iron, so bent as to support, as in a stirrup, one end of a floor timber, etc., where no sufficient bearing can be had; -- called also stirrup and hanger.

Bridler (n.) One who bridles; one who restrains and governs, as with a bridle.

Bridoon (n.) The snaffle and rein of a military bridle, which acts independently of the bit, at the pleasure of the rider. It is used in connection with a curb bit, which has its own rein.

Brief (a.) Short in duration.

Brief (a.) Concise; terse; succinct.

Brief (a.) Rife; common; prevalent.

Brief (adv.) Briefly.

Brief (adv.) Soon; quickly.

Brief (a.) A short concise writing or letter; a statement in few words.

Brief (a.) An epitome.

Brief (a.) An abridgment or concise statement of a client's case, made out for the instruction of counsel in a trial at law. This word is applied also to a statement of the heads or points of a law argument.

Brief (a.) A writ; a breve. See Breve, n., 2.

Brief (n.) A writ issuing from the chancery, directed to any judge ordinary, commanding and authorizing that judge to call a jury to inquire into the case, and upon their verdict to pronounce sentence.

Brief (n.) A letter patent, from proper authority, authorizing a collection or charitable contribution of money in churches, for any public or private purpose.

Brief (v. t.) To make an abstract or abridgment of; to shorten; as, to brief pleadings.

Briefless (a.) Having no brief; without clients; as, a briefless barrister.

Briefly (adv.) Concisely; in few words.

Briefman (n.) One who makes a brief.

Briefman (n.) A copier of a manuscript.

Briefness (n.) The quality of being brief; brevity; conciseness in discourse or writing.

Brier (n.) Alt. of Briar

Briar (n.) A plant with a slender woody stem bearing stout prickles; especially, species of Rosa, Rubus, and Smilax.

Briar (n.) Fig.: Anything sharp or unpleasant to the feelings.

Briered (a.) Set with briers.

Briery (a.) Full of briers; thorny.

Briery (n.) A place where briers grow.

Brig (n.) A bridge.

Brig (n.) A two-masted, square-rigged vessel.

Brigade (n.) A body of troops, whether cavalry, artillery, infantry, or mixed, consisting of two or more regiments, under the command of a brigadier general.

Brigade (n.) Any body of persons organized for acting or marching together under authority; as, a fire brigade.

Brigaded (imp. & p. p.) of Brigade

Brigading (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brigade

Brigade (v. t.) To form into a brigade, or into brigades.

Brigadier general () An officer in rank next above a colonel, and below a major general. He commands a brigade, and is sometimes called, by a shortening of his title, simple a brigadier.

Brigand (n.) A light-armed, irregular foot soldier.

Brigand (n.) A lawless fellow who lives by plunder; one of a band of robbers; especially, one of a gang living in mountain retreats; a highwayman; a freebooter.

Brigandage (n.) Life and practice of brigands; highway robbery; plunder.

Brigandine (n.) A coast of armor for the body, consisting of scales or plates, sometimes overlapping each other, generally of metal, and sewed to linen or other material. It was worn in the Middle Ages.

Brigandish (a.) Like a brigand or freebooter; robberlike.

Brigandism (n.) Brigandage.

Brigantine (n.) A practical vessel.

Brigantine (n.) A two-masted, square-rigged vessel, differing from a brig in that she does not carry a square mainsail.

Brigantine (n.) See Brigandine.

Brigge (n.) A bridge.

Bright (v. i.) See Brite, v. i.

Bright (a.) Radiating or reflecting light; shedding or having much light; shining; luminous; not dark.

Bright (a.) Transmitting light; clear; transparent.

Bright (a.) Having qualities that render conspicuous or attractive, or that affect the mind as light does the eye; resplendent with charms; as, bright beauty.

Bright (a.) Having a clear, quick intellect; intelligent.

Bright (a.) Sparkling with wit; lively; vivacious; shedding cheerfulness and joy around; cheerful; cheery.

Bright (a.) Illustrious; glorious.

Bright (a.) Manifest to the mind, as light is to the eyes; clear; evident; plain.

Bright (a.) Of brilliant color; of lively hue or appearance.

Bright (n.) Splendor; brightness.

Bright (adv.) Brightly.

Brightened (imp. & p. p.) of Brighten

Brightening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brighten

Brighten (a.) To make bright or brighter; to make to shine; to increase the luster of; to give a brighter hue to.

Brighten (a.) To make illustrious, or more distinguished; to add luster or splendor to.

Brighten (a.) To improve or relieve by dispelling gloom or removing that which obscures and darkens; to shed light upon; to make cheerful; as, to brighten one's prospects.

Brighten (a.) To make acute or witty; to enliven.

Brighten (v. i.) To grow bright, or more bright; to become less dark or gloomy; to clear up; to become bright or cheerful.

Bright-harnessed (a.) Having glittering armor.

Brightly (adv.) Brilliantly; splendidly; with luster; as, brightly shining armor.

Brightly (adv.) With lively intelligence; intelligently.

Brightness (n.) The quality or state of being bright; splendor; luster; brilliancy; clearness.

Brightness (n.) Acuteness (of the faculties); sharpness 9wit.

Bright's disease () An affection of the kidneys, usually inflammatory in character, and distinguished by the occurrence of albumin and renal casts in the urine. Several varieties of Bright's disease are now recognized, differing in the part of the kidney involved, and in the intensity and course of the morbid process.

Brightsome (a.) Bright; clear; luminous; brilliant.

Brigose (n.) Contentious; quarrelsome.

Brigue (n.) A cabal, intrigue, faction, contention, strife, or quarrel.

Brigue (n.) To contend for; to canvass; to solicit.

Brike (n.) A breach; ruin; downfall; peril.

Brill (n.) A fish allied to the turbot (Rhombus levis), much esteemed in England for food; -- called also bret, pearl, prill. See Bret.

Brillante (a.) In a gay, showy, and sparkling style.

Brillance (n.) Brilliancy.

Brillancy (n.) The quality of being brilliant; splendor; glitter; great brightness, whether in a literal or figurative sense.

Brilliant (p. pr.) Sparkling with luster; glittering; very bright; as, a brilliant star.

Brilliant (p. pr.) Distinguished by qualities which excite admiration; splendid; shining; as, brilliant talents.

Brilliant (a.) A diamond or other gem of the finest cut, formed into faces and facets, so as to reflect and refract the light, by which it is rendered more brilliant. It has at the middle, or top, a principal face, called the table, which is surrounded by a number of sloping facets forming a bizet; below, it has a small face or collet, parallel to the table, connected with the girdle by a pavilion of elongated facets. It is thus distinguished from the rose diamond, which is entirely covered with facets on the surface, and is flat below.

Brilliant (a.) The smallest size of type used in England printing.

Brilliant (a.) A kind of cotton goods, figured on the weaving.

Brilliantly (adv.) In a brilliant manner.

Brilliantness (n.) Brilliancy; splendor; glitter.

Brills (n. pl.) The hair on the eyelids of a horse.

Brim (n.) The rim, border, or upper edge of a cup, dish, or any hollow vessel used for holding anything.

Brim (n.) The edge or margin, as of a fountain, or of the water contained in it; the brink; border.

Brim (n.) The rim of a hat.

Brimmed (imp. & p. p.) of Brim

Brimming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brim

Brim (v. i.) To be full to the brim.

Brim (v. t.) To fill to the brim, upper edge, or top.

Brim (a.) Fierce; sharp; cold. See Breme.

Brimful (a.) Full to the brim; completely full; ready to overflow.

Brimless (a.) Having no brim; as, brimless caps.

Brimmed (a.) Having a brim; -- usually in composition.

Brimmed (a.) Full to, or level with, the brim.

Brimmer (n.) A brimful bowl; a bumper.

Brimming (a.) Full to the brim; overflowing.

Brimstone (v. t.) Sulphur; See Sulphur.

Brimstone (a.) Made of, or pertaining to, brimstone; as, brimstone matches.

Brimstony (a.) Containing or resembling brimstone; sulphurous.

Brin (n.) One of the radiating sticks of a fan. The outermost are larger and longer, and are called panaches.

Brinded (a.) Of a gray or tawny color with streaks of darker hue; streaked; brindled.

Brindle (n.) The state of being brindled.

Brindle (n.) A brindled color; also, that which is brindled.

Brindle (a.) Brindled.

Brindled (a.) Having dark streaks or spots on a gray or tawny ground; brinded.

Brine (n.) Water saturated or strongly impregnated with salt; pickle; hence, any strong saline solution; also, the saline residue or strong mother liquor resulting from the evaporation of natural or artificial waters.

Brine (n.) The ocean; the water of an ocean, sea, or salt lake.

Brine (n.) Tears; -- so called from their saltness.

Brine (v. t.) To steep or saturate in brine.

Brine (v. t.) To sprinkle with salt or brine; as, to brine hay.

Brought (imp. & p. p.) of Bring

Bringing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Bring

Bring (v. t.) To convey to the place where the speaker is or is to be; to bear from a more distant to a nearer place; to fetch.

Bring (v. t.) To cause the accession or obtaining of; to procure; to make to come; to produce; to draw to.

Bring (v. t.) To convey; to move; to carry or conduct.

Bring (v. t.) To persuade; to induce; to draw; to lead; to guide.

Bring (v. t.) To produce in exchange; to sell for; to fetch; as, what does coal bring per ton?

Bringer (n.) One who brings.

Brininess (n.) The state or quality of being briny; saltness; brinishness.

Brinish (a.) Like brine; somewhat salt; saltish.

Brinishness (n.) State or quality of being brinish.

Brinjaree (n.) A rough-haired East Indian variety of the greyhound.

Brink (n.) The edge, margin, or border of a steep place, as of a precipice; a bank or edge, as of a river or pit; a verge; a border; as, the brink of a chasm. Also Fig.

Briny (a.) Of or pertaining to brine, or to the sea; partaking of the nature of brine; salt; as, a briny taste; the briny flood.

Briony (n.) See Bryony.

Brisk (a.) Full of liveliness and activity; characterized by quickness of motion or action; lively; spirited; quick.

Brisk (a.) Full of spirit of life; effervesc/ng, as liquors; sparkling; as, brick cider.

Bricked (imp. & p. p.) of Brisk

Bricking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brisk

Brisk (v. t. & i.) To make or become lively; to enliven; to animate; to take, or cause to take, an erect or bold attitude; -- usually with up.

Brisket (n.) That part of the breast of an animal which extends from the fore legs back beneath the ribs; also applied to the fore part of a horse, from the shoulders to the bottom of the chest.

Briskly (adv.) In a brisk manner; nimbly.

Briskness (n.) Liveliness; vigor in action; quickness; gayety; vivacity; effervescence.

Bristle (n.) A short, stiff, coarse hair, as on the back of swine.

Bristle (n.) A stiff, sharp, roundish hair.

Bristled (imp. & p. p.) of Bristle

Bristling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Bristle

Bristle (v. t.) To erect the bristles of; to cause to stand up, as the bristles of an angry hog; -- sometimes with up.

Bristle (v. t.) To fix a bristle to; as, to bristle a thread.

Bristle (v. i.) To rise or stand erect, like bristles.

Bristle (v. i.) To appear as if covered with bristles; to have standing, thick and erect, like bristles.

Bristle (v. i.) To show defiance or indignation.

Bristle-pointed (a.) Terminating in a very fine, sharp point, as some leaves.

Bristle-shaped (a.) Resembling a bristle in form; as, a bristle-shaped leaf.

Bristletail (n.) An insect of the genera Lepisma, Campodea, etc., belonging to the Thysanura.

Bristliness (n.) The quality or state of having bristles.

Bristly (a.) Thick set with bristles, or with hairs resembling bristles; rough.

Bristol (n.) A seaport city in the west of England.

Brisure (n.) Any part of a rampart or parapet which deviates from the general direction.

Brisure (n.) A mark of cadency or difference.

Brit (n.) Alt. of Britt

Britt (n.) The young of the common herring; also, a small species of herring; the sprat.

Britt (n.) The minute marine animals (chiefly Entomostraca) upon which the right whales feed.

Britannia (n.) A white-metal alloy of tin, antimony, bismuth, copper, etc. It somewhat resembles silver, and is used for table ware. Called also Britannia metal.

Britannic (a.) Of or pertaining to Great Britain; British; as, her Britannic Majesty.

Brite (v. t.) Alt. of Bright

Bright (v. t.) To be or become overripe, as wheat, barley, or hops.

Briticism (n.) A word, phrase, or idiom peculiar to Great Britain; any manner of using a word or words that is peculiar to Great Britain.

British (a.) Of or pertaining to Great Britain or to its inhabitants; -- sometimes restricted to the original inhabitants.

British (n. pl.) People of Great Britain.

Britisher (n.) An Englishman; a subject or inhabitant of Great Britain, esp. one in the British military or naval service.

Briton (a.) British.

Briton (n.) A native of Great Britain.

Brittle (a.) Easily broken; apt to break; fragile; not tough or tenacious.

Brittlely (adv.) In a brittle manner.

Brittleness (n.) Aptness to break; fragility.

Brittle star () Any species of ophiuran starfishes. See Ophiuroidea.

Britzska (n.) A long carriage, with a calash top, so constructed as to give space for reclining at night, when used on a journey.

Brize (n.) The breeze fly. See Breeze.

Broach (n.) A spit.

Broach (n.) An awl; a bodkin; also, a wooden rod or pin, sharpened at each end, used by thatchers.

Broach (n.) A tool of steel, generally tapering, and of a polygonal form, with from four to eight cutting edges, for smoothing or enlarging holes in metal; sometimes made smooth or without edges, as for burnishing pivot holes in watches; a reamer. The broach for gun barrels is commonly square and without taper.

Broach (n.) A straight tool with file teeth, made of steel, to be pressed through irregular holes in metal that cannot be dressed by revolving tools; a drift.

Broach (n.) A broad chisel for stonecutting.

Broach (n.) A spire rising from a tower.

Broach (n.) A clasp for fastening a garment. See Brooch.

Broach (n.) A spitlike start, on the head of a young stag.

Broach (n.) The stick from which candle wicks are suspended for dipping.

Broach (n.) The pin in a lock which enters the barrel of the key.

Broached (imp. & p. p.) of Broach

Broaching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Broach

Broach (n.) To spit; to pierce as with a spit.

Broach (n.) To tap; to pierce, as a cask, in order to draw the liquor. Hence: To let out; to shed, as blood.

Broach (n.) To open for the first time, as stores.

Broach (n.) To make public; to utter; to publish first; to put forth; to introduce as a topic of conversation.

Broach (n.) To cause to begin or break out.

Broach (n.) To shape roughly, as a block of stone, by chiseling with a coarse tool.

Broach (n.) To enlarge or dress (a hole), by using a broach.

Broacher (n.) A spit; a broach.

Broacher (n.) One who broaches, opens, or utters; a first publisher or promoter.

Broad (superl.) Wide; extend in breadth, or from side to side; -- opposed to narrow; as, a broad street, a broad table; an inch broad.

Broad (superl.) Extending far and wide; extensive; vast; as, the broad expanse of ocean.

Broad (superl.) Extended, in the sense of diffused; open; clear; full.

Broad (superl.) Fig.: Having a large measure of any thing or quality; not limited; not restrained; -- applied to any subject, and retaining the literal idea more or less clearly, the precise meaning depending largely on the substantive.

Broad (superl.) Comprehensive; liberal; enlarged.

Broad (superl.) Plain; evident; as, a broad hint.

Broad (superl.) Free; unrestrained; unconfined.

Broad (superl.) Characterized by breadth. See Breadth.

Broad (superl.) Cross; coarse; indelicate; as, a broad compliment; a broad joke; broad humor.

Broad (superl.) Strongly marked; as, a broad Scotch accent.

Broad (n.) The broad part of anything; as, the broad of an oar.

Broad (n.) The spread of a river into a sheet of water; a flooded fen.

Broad (n.) A lathe tool for turning down the insides and bottoms of cylinders.

Broadax Broadaxe (n.) An ancient military weapon; a battle-ax.

Broadax Broadaxe (n.) An ax with a broad edge, for hewing timber.

Broadbill (n.) A wild duck (Aythya, / Fuligula, marila), which appears in large numbers on the eastern coast of the United States, in autumn; -- called also bluebill, blackhead, raft duck, and scaup duck. See Scaup duck.

Broadbill (n.) The shoveler. See Shoveler.

Broadbrim (n.) A hat with a very broad brim, like those worn by men of the society of Friends.

Broadbrim (n.) A member of the society of Friends; a Quaker.

Broad-brimmed (a.) Having a broad brim.

Broadcast (n.) A casting or throwing seed in all directions, as from the hand in sowing.

Broadcast (a.) Cast or dispersed in all directions, as seed from the hand in sowing; widely diffused.

Broadcast (a.) Scattering in all directions (as a method of sowing); -- opposed to planting in hills, or rows.

Broadcast (adv.) So as to scatter or be scattered in all directions; so as to spread widely, as seed from the hand in sowing, or news from the press.

Broad Church () A portion of the Church of England, consisting of persons who claim to hold a position, in respect to doctrine and fellowship, intermediate between the High Church party and the Low Church, or evangelical, party. The term has been applied to other bodies of men holding liberal or comprehensive views of Christian doctrine and fellowship.

Broadcloth (n.) A fine smooth-faced woolen cloth for men's garments, usually of double width (i.e., a yard and a half); -- so called in distinction from woolens three quarters of a yard wide.

Broadened (imp. & p. p.) of Broaden

Broadening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Broaden

Broaden (a.) To grow broad; to become broader or wider.

Broaden (v. t.) To make broad or broader; to render more broad or comprehensive.

Broad gauge () A wider distance between the rails than the "standard" gauge of four feet eight inches and a half. See Gauge.

Broad-horned (a.) Having horns spreading widely.

Broadish (a.) Rather broad; moderately broad.

Broadleaf (n.) A tree (Terminalia latifolia) of Jamaica, the wood of which is used for boards, scantling, shingles, etc; -- sometimes called the almond tree, from the shape of its fruit.

Broad-leaved (a.) Alt. of Broad-leafed

Broad-leafed (a.) Having broad, or relatively broad, leaves.

Broadly (adv.) In a broad manner.

Broadmouth (n.) One of the Eurylaimidae, a family of East Indian passerine birds.

Broadness (n.) The condition or quality of being broad; breadth; coarseness; grossness.

Broadpiece (n.) An old English gold coin, broader than a guinea, as a Carolus or Jacobus.

Broad seal () The great seal of England; the public seal of a country or state.

Broadseal (v. t.) To stamp with the broad seal; to make sure; to guarantee or warrant.

Broadside (n.) The side of a ship above the water line, from the bow to the quarter.

Broadside (n.) A discharge of or from all the guns on one side of a ship, at the same time.

Broadside (n.) A volley of abuse or denunciation.

Broadside (n.) A sheet of paper containing one large page, or printed on one side only; -- called also broadsheet.

Broadspread (a.) Widespread.

Broadspreading (a.) Spreading widely.

Broadsword (n.) A sword with a broad blade and a cutting edge; a claymore.

Broadwise (adv.) Breadthwise.

Brob (n.) A peculiar brad-shaped spike, to be driven alongside the end of an abutting timber to prevent its slipping.

Brobdingnagian (a.) Colossal; of extraordinary height; gigantic.

Brobdingnagian (n.) A giant.

Brocade (n.) Silk stuff, woven with gold and silver threads, or ornamented with raised flowers, foliage, etc.; -- also applied to other stuffs thus wrought and enriched.

Brocaded (a.) Woven or worked, as brocade, with gold and silver, or with raised flowers, etc.

Brocaded (a.) Dressed in brocade.

Brocage (n.) See Brokkerage.

Brocard (n.) An elementary principle or maximum; a short, proverbial rule, in law, ethics, or metaphysics.

Brocatel (n.) A kind of coarse brocade, or figured fabric, used chiefly for tapestry, linings for carriages, etc.

Brocatel (n.) A marble, clouded and veined with white, gray, yellow, and red, in which the yellow usually prevails. It is also called Siena marble, from its locality.

Brocatello (n.) Same as Brocatel.

Broccoli (n.) A plant of the Cabbage species (Brassica oleracea) of many varieties, resembling the cauliflower. The "curd," or flowering head, is the part used for food.

Brochantite (n.) A basic sulphate of copper, occurring in emerald-green crystals.

Broche (a.) Woven with a figure; as, broche goods.

Broche (n.) See Broach, n.

Brochure (v. t.) A printed and stitched book containing only a few leaves; a pamphlet.

Brock (n.) A badger.

Brock (n.) A brocket.

Brocket (n.) A male red deer two years old; -- sometimes called brock.

Brocket (n.) A small South American deer, of several species (Coassus superciliaris, C. rufus, and C. auritus).

Brockish (a.) Beastly; brutal.

Brodekin (n.) A buskin or half-boot.

Brog (n.) A pointed instrument, as a joiner's awl, a brad awl, a needle, or a small sharp stick.

Brog (v. t.) To prod with a pointed instrument, as a lance; also, to broggle.

Brogan (n.) A stout, coarse shoe; a brogue.

Broggle (n.) To sniggle, or fish with a brog.

Brogue (n.) A stout, coarse shoe; a brogan.

Brogue (v. t.) A dialectic pronunciation; esp. the Irish manner of pronouncing English.

Brogues (n. pl.) Breeches.

Broid (v. t.) To braid.

Broidered (imp. & p. p.) of Broider

Broider (v. t.) To embroider.

Broiderer (n.) One who embroiders.

Broidery (n.) Embroidery.

Broil (n.) A tumult; a noisy quarrel; a disturbance; a brawl; contention; discord, either between individuals or in the state.

Broiled (imp. & p. p.) of Broil

Broiling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Broil

Broil (v. t.) To cook by direct exposure to heat over a fire, esp. upon a gridiron over coals.

Broil (v. t.) To subject to great (commonly direct) heat.

Broil (v. i.) To be subjected to the action of heat, as meat over the fire; to be greatly heated, or to be made uncomfortable with heat.

Broiler (n.) One who excites broils; one who engages in or promotes noisy quarrels.

Broiler (n.) One who broils, or cooks by broiling.

Broiler (n.) A gridiron or other utensil used in broiling.

Broiler (n.) A chicken or other bird fit for broiling.

Broiling (a.) Excessively hot; as, a broiling sun.

Broiling (n.) The act of causing anything to broil.

Brokage (n.) See Brokerage.

Broke (v. i.) To transact business for another.

Broke (v. i.) To act as procurer in love matters; to pimp.

Broke () imp. & p. p. of Break.

Broken (v. t.) Separated into parts or pieces by violence; divided into fragments; as, a broken chain or rope; a broken dish.

Broken (v. t.) Disconnected; not continuous; also, rough; uneven; as, a broken surface.

Broken (v. t.) Fractured; cracked; disunited; sundered; strained; apart; as, a broken reed; broken friendship.

Broken (v. t.) Made infirm or weak, by disease, age, or hardships.

Broken (v. t.) Subdued; humbled; contrite.

Broken (v. t.) Subjugated; trained for use, as a horse.

Broken (v. t.) Crushed and ruined as by something that destroys hope; blighted.

Broken (v. t.) Not carried into effect; not adhered to; violated; as, a broken promise, vow, or contract; a broken law.

Broken (v. t.) Ruined financially; incapable of redeeming promises made, or of paying debts incurred; as, a broken bank; a broken tradesman.

Broken (v. t.) Imperfectly spoken, as by a foreigner; as, broken English; imperfectly spoken on account of emotion; as, to say a few broken words at parting.

Broken-backed (a.) Having a broken back; as, a broken-backed chair.

Broken-backed (a.) Hogged; so weakened in the frame as to droop at each end; -- said of a ship.

Broken-bellied (a.) Having a ruptured belly.

Broken-hearted (a.) Having the spirits depressed or crushed by grief or despair.

Brokenly (adv.) In a broken, interrupted manner; in a broken state; in broken language.

Brokenness (n.) The state or quality of being broken; unevenness.

Brokenness (n.) Contrition; as, brokenness of heart.

Broken wind () The heaves.

Broken-winded (a.) Having short breath or disordered respiration, as a horse.

Broker (v. t.) One who transacts business for another; an agent.

Broker (v. t.) An agent employed to effect bargains and contracts, as a middleman or negotiator, between other persons, for a compensation commonly called brokerage. He takes no possession, as broker, of the subject matter of the negotiation. He generally contracts in the names of those who employ him, and not in his own.

Broker (v. t.) A dealer in money, notes, bills of exchange, etc.

Broker (v. t.) A dealer in secondhand goods.

Broker (v. t.) A pimp or procurer.

Brokerage (n.) The business or employment of a broker.

Brokerage (n.) The fee, reward, or commission, given or changed for transacting business as a broker.

Brokerly (a.) Mean; servile.

Brokery (n.) The business of a broker.

Broking (a.) Of or pertaining to a broker or brokers, or to brokerage.

Broma (n.) Aliment; food.

Broma (n.) A light form of prepared cocoa (or cacao), or the drink made from it.

Bromal (n.) An oily, colorless fluid, CBr3.COH, related to bromoform, as chloral is to chloroform, and obtained by the action of bromine on alcohol.

Bromate (n.) A salt of bromic acid.

Bromate (v. t.) To combine or impregnate with bromine; as, bromated camphor.

Bromatologist (n.) One versed in the science of foods.

Bromatology (n.) The science of aliments.

Brome (n.) See Bromine.

Brome grass () A genus (Bromus) of grasses, one species of which is the chess or cheat.

Bromeliaceous (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a family of endogenous and mostly epiphytic or saxicolous plants of which the genera Tillandsia and Billbergia are examples. The pineapple, though terrestrial, is also of this family.

Bromic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, bromine; -- said of those compounds of bromine in which this element has a valence of five, or the next to its highest; as, bromic acid.

Bromide (n.) A compound of bromine with a positive radical.

Brominate (v. t.) See Bromate, v. t.

Bromine (n.) One of the elements, related in its chemical qualities to chlorine and iodine. Atomic weight 79.8. Symbol Br. It is a deep reddish brown liquid of a very disagreeable odor, emitting a brownish vapor at the ordinary temperature. In combination it is found in minute quantities in sea water, and in many saline springs. It occurs also in the mineral bromyrite.

Bromism (n.) A diseased condition produced by the excessive use of bromine or one of its compounds. It is characterized by mental dullness and muscular weakness.

Bromize (v. t.) To prepare or treat with bromine; as, to bromize a silvered plate.

Bromlife (n.) A carbonate of baryta and lime, intermediate between witherite and strontianite; -- called also alstonite.

Bromoform (n.) A colorless liquid, CHBr3, having an agreeable odor and sweetish taste. It is produced by the simultaneous action of bromine and caustic potash upon wood spirit, alcohol, or acetone, as also by certain other reactions. In composition it is the same as chloroform, with the substitution of bromine for chlorine. It is somewhat similar to chloroform in its effects.

Brompicrin (n.) A pungent colorless explosive liquid, CNO2Br3, analogous to and resembling chlorpicrin.

Bromuret (n.) See Bromide.

Bromyrite (n.) Silver bromide, a rare mineral; -- called also bromargyrite.

Bronchi (n. pl.) See Bronchus.

Bronchia (n. pl.) The bronchial tubes which arise from the branching of the trachea, esp. the subdivision of the bronchi.

Bronchial (a.) Belonging to the bronchi and their ramifications in the lungs.

Bronchic (a.) Bronchial.

Bronchiole (n.) A minute bronchial tube.

Bronchitic (a.) Of or pertaining to bronchitis; as, bronchitic inflammation.

Bronchitis (n.) Inflammation, acute or chronic, of the bronchial tubes or any part of them.

Broncho (n.) A native or a Mexican horse of small size.

Bronchocele (n.) See Goiter.

Bronchophony (n.) A modification of the voice sounds, by which they are intensified and heightened in pitch; -- observed in auscultation of the chest in certain cases of intro-thoracic disease.

Broncho-pneumonia (n.) Inflammation of the bronchi and lungs; catarrhal pneumonia.

Bronchotome (n.) An instrument for cutting into the bronchial tubes.

Bronchotomy (n.) An incision into the windpipe or larynx, including the operations of tracheotomy and laryngotomy.

Bronchi (pl. ) of Bronchus

Bronchus (n.) One of the subdivisions of the trachea or windpipe; esp. one of the two primary divisions.

Bronco (n.) Same as Broncho.

Brond (n.) A sword.

Brontolite (n.) Alt. of Brontolith

Brontolith (n.) An aerolite.

Brontology (n.) A treatise upon thunder.

Brontosaurus (n.) A genus of American jurassic dinosaurs. A length of sixty feet is believed to have been attained by these reptiles.

Brontotherium (n.) A genus of large extinct mammals from the miocene strata of western North America. They were allied to the rhinoceros, but the skull bears a pair of powerful horn cores in front of the orbits, and the fore feet were four-toed. See Illustration in Appendix.

Brontozoum (n.) An extinct animal of large size, known from its three-toed footprints in Mesozoic sandstone.

Bronze (a.) An alloy of copper and tin, to which small proportions of other metals, especially zinc, are sometimes added. It is hard and sonorous, and is used for statues, bells, cannon, etc., the proportions of the ingredients being varied to suit the particular purposes. The varieties containing the higher proportions of tin are brittle, as in bell metal and speculum metal.

Bronze (a.) A statue, bust, etc., cast in bronze.

Bronze (a.) A yellowish or reddish brown, the color of bronze; also, a pigment or powder for imitating bronze.

Bronze (a.) Boldness; impudence; "brass."

Bronzed (imp. & p. p.) of Bronze

Bronzing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Bronze

Bronze (n.) To give an appearance of bronze to, by a coating of bronze powder, or by other means; to make of the color of bronze; as, to bronze plaster casts; to bronze coins or medals.

Bronze (n.) To make hard or unfeeling; to brazen.

Bronzewing (n.) An Australian pigeon of the genus Phaps, of several species; -- so called from its bronze plumage.

Bronzine (n.) A metal so prepared as to have the appearance of bronze.

Bronzine (a.) Made of bronzine; resembling bronze; bronzelike.

Bronzing (n.) The act or art of communicating to articles in metal, wood, clay, plaster, etc., the appearance of bronze by means of bronze powders, or imitative painting, or by chemical processes.

Bronzing (n.) A material for bronzing.

Bronzist (n.) One who makes, imitates, collects, or deals in, bronzes.

Bronzite (n.) A variety of enstatite, often having a bronzelike luster. It is a silicate of magnesia and iron, of the pyroxene family.

Bronzy (a.) Like bronze.

Brooch (n.) An ornament, in various forms, with a tongue, pin, or loop for attaching it to a garment; now worn at the breast by women; a breastpin. Formerly worn by men on the hat.

Brooch (n.) A painting all of one color, as a sepia painting, or an India painting.

Brooch (imp. & p. p.) To adorn as with a brooch.

Brood (v. t.) The young birds hatched at one time; a hatch; as, a brood of chickens.

Brood (v. t.) The young from the same dam, whether produced at the same time or not; young children of the same mother, especially if nearly of the same age; offspring; progeny; as, a woman with a brood of children.

Brood (v. t.) That which is bred or produced; breed; species.

Brood (v. t.) Heavy waste in tin and copper ores.

Brood (a.) Sitting or inclined to sit on eggs.

Brood (a.) Kept for breeding from; as, a brood mare; brood stock; having young; as, a brood sow.

Brooded (imp. & p. p.) of Brood

Brooding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brood

Brood (v. i.) To sit on and cover eggs, as a fowl, for the purpose of warming them and hatching the young; or to sit over and cover young, as a hen her chickens, in order to warm and protect them; hence, to sit quietly, as if brooding.

Brood (v. i.) To have the mind dwell continuously or moodily on a subject; to think long and anxiously; to be in a state of gloomy, serious thought; -- usually followed by over or on; as, to brood over misfortunes.

Brood (v. t.) To sit over, cover, and cherish; as, a hen broods her chickens.

Brood (v. t.) To cherish with care.

Brood (v. t.) To think anxiously or moodily upon.

Broody (a.) Inclined to brood.

Brook (v. t.) A natural stream of water smaller than a river or creek.

Brooked (imp. & p. p.) of Brook

Brooking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brook

Brook (v. t.) To use; to enjoy.

Brook (v. t.) To bear; to endure; to put up with; to tolerate; as, young men can not brook restraint.

Brook (v. t.) To deserve; to earn.

Brookite (n.) A mineral consisting of titanic oxide, and hence identical with rutile and octahedrite in composition, but crystallizing in the orthorhombic system.

Brooklet (n.) A small brook.

Brooklime (n.) A plant (Veronica Beccabunga), with flowers, usually blue, in axillary racemes. The American species is V. Americana.

Brook mint () See Water mint.

Brookside (n.) The bank of a brook.

Brookweed (n.) A small white-flowered herb (Samolus Valerandi) found usually in wet places; water pimpernel.

Broom (n.) A plant having twigs suitable for making brooms to sweep with when bound together; esp., the Cytisus scoparius of Western Europe, which is a low shrub with long, straight, green, angular branches, minute leaves, and large yellow flowers.

Broom (n.) An implement for sweeping floors, etc., commonly made of the panicles or tops of broom corn, bound together or attached to a long wooden handle; -- so called because originally made of the twigs of the broom.

Broom (v. t.) See Bream.

Broom corn () A variety of Sorghum vulgare, having a joined stem, like maize, rising to the height of eight or ten feet, and bearing its seeds on a panicle with long branches, of which brooms are made.

Broom rape () A genus (Orobanche) of parasitic plants of Europe and Asia. They are destitute of chlorophyll, have scales instead of leaves, and spiked flowers, and grow attached to the roots of other plants, as furze, clover, flax, wild carrot, etc. The name is sometimes applied to other plants related to this genus, as Aphyllon uniflorumand A. Ludovicianum.

Broomstaff (n.) A broomstick.

Broomstick (n.) A stick used as a handle of a broom.

Broomy (a.) Of or pertaining to broom; overgrowing with broom; resembling broom or a broom.

Brose (n.) Pottage made by pouring some boiling liquid on meal (esp. oatmeal), and stirring it. It is called beef brose, water brose, etc., according to the name of the liquid (beef broth, hot water, etc.) used.

Brotel (a.) Brittle.

Brotelness (n.) Brittleness.

Broth (n.) Liquid in which flesh (and sometimes other substances, as barley or rice) has been boiled; thin or simple soup.

Brothel (n.) A house of lewdness or ill fame; a house frequented by prostitutes; a bawdyhouse.

Brotheler (n.) One who frequents brothels.

Brothelry (n.) Lewdness; obscenity; a brothel.

Brothers (pl. ) of Brother

Brethren (pl. ) of Brother

Brothers (pl. ) of Brother

Brethren (pl. ) of Brother

Brother (n.) A male person who has the same father and mother with another person, or who has one of them only. In the latter case he is more definitely called a half brother, or brother of the half blood.

Brother (n.) One related or closely united to another by some common tie or interest, as of rank, profession, membership in a society, toil, suffering, etc.; -- used among judges, clergymen, monks, physicians, lawyers, professors of religion, etc.

Brother (n.) One who, or that which, resembles another in distinctive qualities or traits of character.

Brothered (imp. & p. p.) of Brother

Brother (v. t.) To make a brother of; to call or treat as a brother; to admit to a brotherhood.

Brother german () A brother by both the father's and mother's side, in contradistinction to a uterine brother, one by the mother only.

Brotherhood (n.) The state of being brothers or a brother.

Brotherhood (n.) An association for any purpose, as a society of monks; a fraternity.

Brotherhood (n.) The whole body of persons engaged in the same business, -- especially those of the same profession; as, the legal or medical brotherhood.

Brotherhood (n.) Persons, and, poetically, things, of a like kind.

Brothers-in-law (pl. ) of Brother-in-law

Brother-in-law (n.) The brother of one's husband or wife; also, the husband of one's sister; sometimes, the husband of one's wife's sister.

Brotherliness (n.) The state or quality of being brotherly.

Brotherly (a.) Of or pertaining to brothers; such as is natural for brothers; becoming to brothers; kind; affectionate; as, brotherly love.

Brotherly (adv.) Like a brother; affectionately; kindly.

Brouded (p.a.) Braided; broidered.

Brougham (n.) A light, close carriage, with seats inside for two or four, and the fore wheels so arranged as to turn short.

Brow (n.) The prominent ridge over the eye, with the hair that covers it, forming an arch above the orbit.

Brow (n.) The hair that covers the brow (ridge over the eyes); the eyebrow.

Brow (n.) The forehead; as, a feverish brow.

Brow (n.) The general air of the countenance.

Brow (n.) The edge or projecting upper part of a steep place; as, the brow of a precipice; the brow of a hill.

Brow (v. t.) To bound to limit; to be at, or form, the edge of.

Browbeat (imp.) of Browbeat

Browbeaten (p. p.) of Browbeat

Browbeating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Browbeat

Browbeat (v. t.) To depress or bear down with haughty, stern looks, or with arrogant speech and dogmatic assertions; to abash or disconcert by impudent or abusive words or looks; to bully; as, to browbeat witnesses.

Browbeating (n.) The act of bearing down, abashing, or disconcerting, with stern looks, supercilious manners, or confident assertions.

Browbound (a.) Crowned; having the head encircled as with a diadem.

Browdyng (n.) Embroidery.

Browed (a.) Having (such) a brow; -- used in composition; as, dark-browed, stern-browed.

Browless (a.) Without shame.

Brown (superl.) Of a dark color, of various shades between black and red or yellow.

Brown (n.) A dark color inclining to red or yellow, resulting from the mixture of red and black, or of red, black, and yellow; a tawny, dusky hue.

Browned (imp. & p. p.) of Brown

Browning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brown

Brown (v. t.) To make brown or dusky.

Brown (v. t.) To make brown by scorching slightly; as, to brown meat or flour.

Brown (v. t.) To give a bright brown color to, as to gun barrels, by forming a thin coat of oxide on their surface.

Brown (v. i.) To become brown.

Brownback (n.) The dowitcher or red-breasted snipe. See Dowitcher.

Brown bill () A bill or halberd of the 16th and 17th centuries. See 4th Bill.

Brownian (a.) Pertaining to Dr. Robert Brown, who first demonstrated (about 1827) the commonness of the motion described below.

Brownie (n.) An imaginary good-natured spirit, who was supposed often to perform important services around the house by night, such as thrashing, churning, sweeping.

Browning (n.) The act or operation of giving a brown color, as to gun barrels, etc.

Browning (n.) A smooth coat of brown mortar, usually the second coat, and the preparation for the finishing coat of plaster.

Brownish (a.) Somewhat brown.

Brownism (n.) The views or teachings of Robert Brown of the Brownists.

Brownism (n.) The doctrines of the Brunonian system of medicine. See Brunonian.

Brownist (n.) A follower of Robert Brown, of England, in the 16th century, who taught that every church is complete and independent in itself when organized, and consists of members meeting in one place, having full power to elect and depose its officers.

Brownist (n.) One who advocates the Brunonian system of medicine.

Brownness (n.) The quality or state of being brown.

Brownstone (n.) A dark variety of sandstone, much used for building purposes.

Brown thrush () A common American singing bird (Harporhynchus rufus), allied to the mocking bird; -- also called brown thrasher.

Brownwort (n.) A species of figwort or Scrophularia (S. vernalis), and other species of the same genus, mostly perennials with inconspicuous coarse flowers.

Browny (a.) Brown or, somewhat brown.

Browpost (n.) A beam that goes across a building.

Browse (n.) The tender branches or twigs of trees and shrubs, fit for the food of cattle and other animals; green food.

Browsed (imp. & p. p.) of Browse

Browsing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Browse

Browse (n.) To eat or nibble off, as the tender branches of trees, shrubs, etc.; -- said of cattle, sheep, deer, and some other animals.

Browse (n.) To feed on, as pasture; to pasture on; to graze.

Browse (v. i.) To feed on the tender branches or shoots of shrubs or trees, as do cattle, sheep, and deer.

Browse (v. i.) To pasture; to feed; to nibble.

Browser (n.) An animal that browses.

Browsewood (n.) Shrubs and bushes upon which animals browse.

Browsing (n.) Browse; also, a place abounding with shrubs where animals may browse.

Browspot (n.) A rounded organ between the eyes of the frog; the interocular gland.

Bruang (n.) The Malayan sun bear.

Brucine (n.) A powerful vegetable alkaloid, found, associated with strychnine, in the seeds of different species of Strychnos, especially in the Nux vomica. It is less powerful than strychnine. Called also brucia and brucina.

Brucite (n.) A white, pearly mineral, occurring thin and foliated, like talc, and also fibrous; a native magnesium hydrate.

Brucite (n.) The mineral chondrodite.

Bruckeled (a.) Wet and dirty; begrimed.

Bruh (n.) The rhesus monkey. See Rhesus.

Bruin (a.) A bear; -- so called in popular tales and fables.

Bruised (imp. & p. p.) of Bruise

Bruising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Bruise

Bruise (v. t.) To injure, as by a blow or collision, without laceration; to contuse; as, to bruise one's finger with a hammer; to bruise the bark of a tree with a stone; to bruise an apple by letting it fall.

Bruise (v. t.) To break; as in a mortar; to bray, as minerals, roots, etc.; to crush.

Bruise (v. i.) To fight with the fists; to box.

Bruise (n.) An injury to the flesh of animals, or to plants, fruit, etc., with a blunt or heavy instrument, or by collision with some other body; a contusion; as, a bruise on the head; bruises on fruit.

Bruiser (n.) One who, or that which, bruises.

Bruiser (n.) A boxer; a pugilist.

Bruiser (n.) A concave tool used in grinding lenses or the speculums of telescopes.

Bruisewort (n.) A plant supposed to heal bruises, as the true daisy, the soapwort, and the comfrey.

Bruit (n.) Report; rumor; fame.

Bruit (n.) An abnormal sound of several kinds, heard on auscultation.

Bruited (imp. & p. p.) of Bruit

Bruiting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Bruit

Bruit (v. t.) To report; to noise abroad.

Brumaire (n.) The second month of the calendar adopted by the first French republic. It began thirty days after the autumnal equinox. See Vendemiaire.

Brumal (a.) Of or pertaining to winter.

Brume (n.) Mist; fog; vapors.

Brummagem (a.) Counterfeit; gaudy but worthless; sham.

Brumous (a.) Foggy; misty.

Brun (n.) Same as Brun, a brook.

Brunette (a.) A girl or woman with a somewhat brown or dark complexion.

Brunette (a.) Having a dark tint.

Brunion (n.) A nectarine.

Brunonian (a.) Pertaining to, or invented by, Brown; -- a term applied to a system of medicine promulgated in the 18th century by John Brown, of Scotland, the fundamental doctrine of which was, that life is a state of excitation produced by the normal action of external agents upon the body, and that disease consists in excess or deficiency of excitation.

Brunswick black () See Japan black.

Brunswick green () An oxychloride of copper, used as a green pigment; also, a carbonate of copper similarly employed.

Brunt (v. t.) The heat, or utmost violence, of an onset; the strength or greatest fury of any contention; as, the brunt of a battle.

Brunt (v. t.) The force of a blow; shock; collision.

Brush (n.) An instrument composed of bristles, or other like material, set in a suitable back or handle, as of wood, bone, or ivory, and used for various purposes, as in removing dust from clothes, laying on colors, etc. Brushes have different shapes and names according to their use; as, clothes brush, paint brush, tooth brush, etc.

Brush (n.) The bushy tail of a fox.

Brush (n.) A tuft of hair on the mandibles.

Brush (n.) Branches of trees lopped off; brushwood.

Brush (n.) A thicket of shrubs or small trees; the shrubs and small trees in a wood; underbrush.

Brush (n.) A bundle of flexible wires or thin plates of metal, used to conduct an electrical current to or from the commutator of a dynamo, electric motor, or similar apparatus.

Brush (n.) The act of brushing; as, to give one's clothes a brush; a rubbing or grazing with a quick motion; a light touch; as, we got a brush from the wheel as it passed.

Brush (n.) A skirmish; a slight encounter; a shock or collision; as, to have a brush with an enemy.

Brush (n.) A short contest, or trial, of speed.

Brushed (imp. & p. p.) of Brush

Brushing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brush

Brush (n.) To apply a brush to, according to its particular use; to rub, smooth, clean, paint, etc., with a brush.

Brush (n.) To touch in passing, or to pass lightly over, as with a brush.

Brush (n.) To remove or gather by brushing, or by an act like that of brushing, or by passing lightly over, as wind; -- commonly with off.

Brush (v. i.) To move nimbly in haste; to move so lightly as scarcely to be perceived; as, to brush by.

Brusher (n.) One who, or that which, brushes.

Brushiness (n.) The quality of resembling a brush; brushlike condition; shagginess.

Brushing (a.) Constructed or used to brush with; as a brushing machine.

Brushing (a.) Brisk; light; as, a brushing gallop.

Brushite (n.) A white or gray crystalline mineral consisting of the acid phosphate of calcium.

Brush turkey () A large, edible, gregarious bird of Australia (Talegalla Lathami) of the family Megapodidae. Also applied to several allied species of New Guinea.

Brush wheel () A wheel without teeth, used to turn a similar one by the friction of bristles or something brushlike or soft attached to the circumference.

Brush wheel () A circular revolving brush used by turners, lapidaries, silversmiths, etc., for polishing.

Brushwood (n.) Brush; a thicket or coppice of small trees and shrubs.

Brushwood (n.) Small branches of trees cut off.

Brushy (a.) Resembling a brush; shaggy; rough.

Brusk (a.) Same as Brusque.

Brusque (a.) Rough and prompt in manner; blunt; abrupt; bluff; as, a brusque man; a brusque style.

Brusqueness (n.) Quality of being brusque; roughness joined with promptness; bluntness.

Brussels (n.) A city of Belgium, giving its name to a kind of carpet, a kind of lace, etc.

Brustled (imp. & p. p.) of Brustle

Brustling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brustle

Brustle (v. i.) To crackle; to rustle, as a silk garment.

Brustle (v. i.) To make a show of fierceness or defiance; to bristle.

Brustle (n.) A bristle.

Brut (n.) To browse.

Brut (n.) See Birt.

Bruta (n.) See Edentata.

Brutal (a.) Of or pertaining to a brute; as, brutal nature.

Brutal (a.) Like a brute; savage; cruel; inhuman; brutish; unfeeling; merciless; gross; as, brutal manners.

Brutalism (n.) Brutish quality; brutality.

Brutalities (pl. ) of Brutality

Brutality (n.) The quality of being brutal; inhumanity; savageness; pitilessness.

Brutality (n.) An inhuman act.

Brutalization (n.) The act or process of making brutal; state of being brutalized.

Brutalized (imp. & p. p.) of Brutalize

Brutalizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brutalize

Brutalize (v. t.) To make brutal; beasty; unfeeling; or inhuman.

Brutalize (v. i.) To become brutal, inhuman, barbarous, or coarse and beasty.

Brutally (adv.) In a brutal manner; cruelly.

Brute (a.) Not having sensation; senseless; inanimate; unconscious; without intelligence or volition; as, the brute earth; the brute powers of nature.

Brute (a.) Not possessing reason, irrational; unthinking; as, a brute beast; the brute creation.

Brute (a.) Of, pertaining to, or characteristic of, a brute beast. Hence: Brutal; cruel; fierce; ferocious; savage; pitiless; as, brute violence.

Brute (a.) Having the physical powers predominating over the mental; coarse; unpolished; unintelligent.

Brute (a.) Rough; uncivilized; unfeeling.

Brute (n.) An animal destitute of human reason; any animal not human; esp. a quadruped; a beast.

Brute (n.) A brutal person; a savage in heart or manners; as unfeeling or coarse person.

Brute (v. t.) To report; to bruit.

Brutely (adv.) In a rude or violent manner.

Bruteness (n.) Brutality.

Bruteness (n.) Insensibility.

Brutified (imp. & p. p.) of Brutify

Brutifying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Brutify

Brutify (v. t.) To make like a brute; to make senseless, stupid, or unfeeling; to brutalize.

Brutish (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a brute or brutes; of a cruel, gross, and stupid nature; coarse; unfeeling; unintelligent.

Brutism (n.) The nature or characteristic qualities or actions of a brute; extreme stupidity, or beastly vulgarity.

Bruting (n.) Browsing.

Bryological (a.) Relating to bryology; as, bryological studies.

Bryologist (n.) One versed in bryology.

Bryology (n.) That part of botany which relates to mosses.

Bryonin (n.) A bitter principle obtained from the root of the bryony (Bryonia alba and B. dioica). It is a white, or slightly colored, substance, and is emetic and cathartic.

Bryony (n.) The common name of several cucurbitaceous plants of the genus Bryonia. The root of B. alba (rough or white bryony) and of B. dioica is a strong, irritating cathartic.

Bryophyta (n. pl.) See Cryptogamia.

Bryozoa (n. pl.) A class of Molluscoidea, including minute animals which by budding form compound colonies; -- called also Polyzoa.

Bryozoan (a.) Of or pertaining to the Bryozoa.

Bryozoan (n.) One of the Bryozoa.

Bryozoum (n.) An individual zooid of a bryozoan coralline, of which there may be two or more kinds in a single colony. The zooecia usually have a wreath of tentacles around the mouth, and a well developed stomach and intestinal canal; but these parts are lacking in the other zooids (Avicularia, Ooecia, etc.).

Crab (n.) One of the brachyuran Crustacea. They are mostly marine, and usually have a broad, short body, covered with a strong shell or carapace. The abdomen is small and curled up beneath the body.

Crab (n.) The zodiacal constellation Cancer.

Crab (a.) A crab apple; -- so named from its harsh taste.

Crab (a.) A cudgel made of the wood of the crab tree; a crabstick.

Crab (a.) A movable winch or windlass with powerful gearing, used with derricks, etc.

Crab (a.) A form of windlass, or geared capstan, for hauling ships into dock, etc.

Crab (a.) A machine used in ropewalks to stretch the yarn.

Crab (a.) A claw for anchoring a portable machine.

Crab (v. t.) To make sour or morose; to embitter.

Crab (v. t.) To beat with a crabstick.

Crab (v. i.) To drift sidewise or to leeward, as a vessel.

Crab (a.) Sour; rough; austere.

Crabbed (n.) Characterized by or manifesting, sourness, peevishness, or moroseness; harsh; cross; cynical; -- applied to feelings, disposition, or manners.

Crabbed (n.) Characterized by harshness or roughness; unpleasant; -- applied to things; as, a crabbed taste.

Crabbed (n.) Obscure; difficult; perplexing; trying; as, a crabbed author.

Crabbed (n.) Cramped; irregular; as, crabbed handwriting.

Crabber (n.) One who catches crabs.

Crabbing (n.) The act or art of catching crabs.

Crabbing (n.) The fighting of hawks with each other.

Crabbing (n.) A process of scouring cloth between rolls in a machine.

Crabbish (a.) Somewhat sour or cross.

Crabby (a.) Crabbed; difficult, or perplexing.

Crabeater (n.) The cobia.

Crabeater (n.) An etheostomoid fish of the southern United States (Hadropterus nigrofasciatus).

Crabeater (n.) A small European heron (Ardea minuta, and other allied species).

Craber (n.) The water rat.

Crabfaced (a.) Having a sour, disagreeable countenance.

Crabsidle (v. i.) To move sidewise, as a crab. [Jocular].

Crabstick (n.) A stick, cane, or cudgel, made of the wood of the crab tree.

Crab tree () See under Crab.

Crab-yaws (n.) A disease in the West Indies. It is a kind of ulcer on the soles of the feet, with very hard edges. See Yaws.

Crache (v.) To scratch.

Cracked (imp. & p. p.) of Crack

Cracking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crack

Crack (v. t.) To break or burst, with or without entire separation of the parts; as, to crack glass; to crack nuts.

Crack (v. t.) To rend with grief or pain; to affect deeply with sorrow; hence, to disorder; to distract; to craze.

Crack (v. t.) To cause to sound suddenly and sharply; to snap; as, to crack a whip.

Crack (v. t.) To utter smartly and sententiously; as, to crack a joke.

Crack (v. t.) To cry up; to extol; -- followed by up.

Crack (v. i.) To burst or open in chinks; to break, with or without quite separating into parts.

Crack (v. i.) To be ruined or impaired; to fail.

Crack (v. i.) To utter a loud or sharp, sudden sound.

Crack (v. i.) To utter vain, pompous words; to brag; to boast; -- with of.

Crack (n.) A partial separation of parts, with or without a perceptible opening; a chink or fissure; a narrow breach; a crevice; as, a crack in timber, or in a wall, or in glass.

Crack (n.) Rupture; flaw; breach, in a moral sense.

Crack (n.) A sharp, sudden sound or report; the sound of anything suddenly burst or broken; as, the crack of a falling house; the crack of thunder; the crack of a whip.

Crack (n.) The tone of voice when changed at puberty.

Crack (n.) Mental flaw; a touch of craziness; partial insanity; as, he has a crack.

Crack (n.) A crazy or crack-brained person.

Crack (n.) A boast; boasting.

Crack (n.) Breach of chastity.

Crack (n.) A boy, generally a pert, lively boy.

Crack (n.) A brief time; an instant; as, to be with one in a crack.

Crack (n.) Free conversation; friendly chat.

Crack (a.) Of superior excellence; having qualities to be boasted of.

Crack-brained (a.) Having an impaired intellect; whimsical; crazy.

Cracked (a.) Coarsely ground or broken; as, cracked wheat.

Cracked (a.) Crack-brained.

Cracker (n.) One who, or that which, cracks.

Cracker (n.) A noisy boaster; a swaggering fellow.

Cracker (n.) A small firework, consisting of a little powder inclosed in a thick paper cylinder with a fuse, and exploding with a sharp noise; -- often called firecracker.

Cracker (n.) A thin, dry biscuit, often hard or crisp; as, a Boston cracker; a Graham cracker; a soda cracker; an oyster cracker.

Cracker (n.) A nickname to designate a poor white in some parts of the Southern United States.

Cracker (n.) The pintail duck.

Cracker (n.) A pair of fluted rolls for grinding caoutchouc.

Crackle (v. i.) To make slight cracks; to make small, sharp, sudden noises, rapidly or frequently repeated; to crepitate; as, burning thorns crackle.

Crackle (n.) The noise of slight and frequent cracks or reports; a crackling.

Crackle (n.) A kind of crackling sound or r/le, heard in some abnormal states of the lungs; as, dry crackle; moist crackle.

Crackle (n.) A condition produced in certain porcelain, fine earthenware, or glass, in which the glaze or enamel appears to be cracked in all directions, making a sort of reticulated surface; as, Chinese crackle; Bohemian crackle.

Crackled (a.) Covered with minute cracks in the glaze; -- said of some kinds of porcelain and fine earthenware.

Crackleware (n.) See Crackle, n., 3.

Crackling (n.) The making of small, sharp cracks or reports, frequently repeated.

Crackling (n.) The well-browned, crisp rind of roasted pork.

Crackling (n.) Food for dogs, made from the refuse of tallow melting.

Cracknel (v. t.) A hard brittle cake or biscuit.

Cracksmen (pl. ) of Cracksman

Cracksman (n.) A burglar.

Cracovian (a.) Of or pertaining to Cracow in Poland.

Cracovienne (n.) A lively Polish dance, in 2-4 time.

Cracowes (n. pl.) Long-toed boots or shoes formerly worn in many parts of Europe; -- so called from Cracow, in Poland, where they were first worn in the fourteenth century.

Cradle (n.) A bed or cot for a baby, oscillating on rockers or swinging on pivots; hence, the place of origin, or in which anything is nurtured or protected in the earlier period of existence; as, a cradle of crime; the cradle of liberty.

Cradle (n.) Infancy, or very early life.

Cradle (n.) An implement consisting of a broad scythe for cutting grain, with a set of long fingers parallel to the scythe, designed to receive the grain, and to lay it evenly in a swath.

Cradle (n.) A tool used in mezzotint engraving, which, by a rocking motion, raises burrs on the surface of the plate, so preparing the ground.

Cradle (n.) A framework of timbers, or iron bars, moving upon ways or rollers, used to support, lift, or carry ships or other vessels, heavy guns, etc., as up an inclined plane, or across a strip of land, or in launching a ship.

Cradle (n.) A case for a broken or dislocated limb.

Cradle (n.) A frame to keep the bedclothes from contact with the person.

Cradle (n.) A machine on rockers, used in washing out auriferous earth; -- also called a rocker.

Cradle (n.) A suspended scaffold used in shafts.

Cradle (n.) The ribbing for vaulted ceilings and arches intended to be covered with plaster.

Cradle (n.) The basket or apparatus in which, when a line has been made fast to a wrecked ship from the shore, the people are brought off from the wreck.

Cradled (imp. & p. p.) of Cradle

Cradling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cradle

Cradle (v. t.) To lay to rest, or rock, as in a cradle; to lull or quiet, as by rocking.

Cradle (v. t.) To nurse or train in infancy.

Cradle (v. t.) To cut and lay with a cradle, as grain.

Cradle (v. t.) To transport a vessel by means of a cradle.

Cradle (v. i.) To lie or lodge, as in a cradle.

Cradling (n.) The act of using a cradle.

Cradling (n.) Cutting a cask into two pieces lengthwise, to enable it to pass a narrow place, the two parts being afterward united and rehooped.

Cradling (n.) The framework in arched or coved ceilings to which the laths are nailed.

Craft (n.) Strength; might; secret power.

Craft (n.) Art or skill; dexterity in particular manual employment; hence, the occupation or employment itself; manual art; a trade.

Craft (n.) Those engaged in any trade, taken collectively; a guild; as, the craft of ironmongers.

Craft (n.) Cunning, art, or skill, in a bad sense, or applied to bad purposes; artifice; guile; skill or dexterity employed to effect purposes by deceit or shrewd devices.

Craft (n.) A vessel; vessels of any kind; -- generally used in a collective sense.

Craft (v. t.) To play tricks; to practice artifice.

Craftily (adv.) With craft; artfully; cunningly.

Craftiness (n.) Dexterity in devising and effecting a purpose; cunning; artifice; stratagem.

Craftless (a.) Without craft or cunning.

Craftsmen (pl. ) of Craftsman

Craftsman (n.) One skilled in some trade or manual occupation; an artificer; a mechanic.

Craftsmanship (n.) The work of a craftsman.

Craftsmaster (n.) One skilled in his craft or trade; one of superior cunning.

Crafty (a.) Relating to, or characterized by, craft or skill; dexterous.

Crafty (a.) Possessing dexterity; skilled; skillful.

Crafty (a.) Skillful at deceiving others; characterized by craft; cunning; wily.

Crag (n.) A steep, rugged rock; a rough, broken cliff, or point of a rock, on a ledge.

Crag (n.) A partially compacted bed of gravel mixed with shells, of the Tertiary age.

Crag (n.) The neck or throat

Crag (n.) The neck piece or scrag of mutton.

Cragged (a.) Full of crags, or steep, broken //cks; abounding with prominences, points, and inequalities; rough; rugged.

Cradgedness (n.) The quality or state of being cragged; cragginess.

Cragginess (n.) The state of being craggy.

Craggy (a.) Full of crags; rugged with projecting points of rocks; as, the craggy side of a mountain.

Cragsmen (pl. ) of Cragsman

Cragsman (n.) One accustomed to climb rocks or crags; esp., one who makes a business of climbing the cliffs overhanging the sea to get the eggs of sea birds or the birds themselves.

Craie (n.) See Crare.

Craig flounder () The pole flounder.

Crail (n.) A creel or osier basket.

Crake (v. t. & i.) To cry out harshly and loudly, like the bird called crake.

Crake (v. t. & i.) To boast; to speak loudly and boastfully.

Crake (n.) A boast. See Crack, n.

Crake (n.) Any species or rail of the genera Crex and Porzana; -- so called from its singular cry. See Corncrake.

Crakeberry (n.) See Crowberry.

Craker (n.) One who boasts; a braggart.

Crammed (imp. & p. p.) of Cram

Cramming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cram

Cram (v. t.) To press, force, or drive, particularly in filling, or in thrusting one thing into another; to stuff; to crowd; to fill to superfluity; as, to cram anything into a basket; to cram a room with people.

Cram (v. t.) To fill with food to satiety; to stuff.

Cram (v. t.) To put hastily through an extensive course of memorizing or study, as in preparation for an examination; as, a pupil is crammed by his tutor.

Cram (v. i.) To eat greedily, and to satiety; to stuff.

Cram (v. i.) To make crude preparation for a special occasion, as an examination, by a hasty and extensive course of memorizing or study.

Cram (n.) The act of cramming.

Cram (n.) Information hastily memorized; as, a cram from an examination.

Cram (n.) A warp having more than two threads passing through each dent or split of the reed.

Crambo (a.) A game in which one person gives a word, to which another finds a rhyme.

Crambo (a.) A word rhyming with another word.

Crammer (n.) One who crams; esp., one who prepares a pupil hastily for an examination, or a pupil who is thus prepared.

Cramoisie (a.) Alt. of Cramoisy

Cramoisy (a.) Crimson.

Cramp (n.) That which confines or contracts; a restraint; a shackle; a hindrance.

Cramp (n.) A device, usually of iron bent at the ends, used to hold together blocks of stone, timbers, etc.; a cramp iron.

Cramp (n.) A rectangular frame, with a tightening screw, used for compressing the joints of framework, etc.

Cramp (n.) A piece of wood having a curve corresponding to that of the upper part of the instep, on which the upper leather of a boot is stretched to give it the requisite shape.

Cramp (n.) A spasmodic and painful involuntary contraction of a muscle or muscles, as of the leg.

Cramped (imp. & p. p.) of Cramp

Cramping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cramp

Cramp (v. t.) To compress; to restrain from free action; to confine and contract; to hinder.

Cramp (v. t.) To fasten or hold with, or as with, a cramp.

Cramp (v. t.) to bind together; to unite.

Cramp (v. t.) To form on a cramp; as, to cramp boot legs.

Cramp (v. t.) To afflict with cramp.

Cramp (n.) Knotty; difficult.

Crampet (n.) A cramp iron or cramp ring; a chape, as of a scabbard.

Crampfish (n.) The torpedo, or electric ray, the touch of which gives an electric shock. See Electric fish, and Torpedo.

Cramp iron () See Cramp, n., 2.

Crampit (n.) See Crampet.

Crampon (n.) An a/rial rootlet for support in climbing, as of ivy.

Cramponee (a.) Having a cramp or square piece at the end; -- said of a cross so furnished.

Crampoons (n.) A clutch formed of hooked pieces of iron, like double calipers, for raising stones, lumber, blocks of ice, etc.

Crampoons (n.) Iron instruments with sharp points, worn on the shoes to assist in gaining or keeping a foothold.

Crampy () Affected with cramp.

Crampy () Productive of, or abounding in, cramps.

Cran (n.) Alt. of Crane

Crane (n.) A measure for fresh herrings, -- as many as will fill a barrel.

Cranage (n.) The liberty of using a crane, as for loading and unloading vessels.

Cranage (n.) The money or price paid for the use of a crane.

Cranberries (pl. ) of Cranberry

Cranberry (n.) A red, acid berry, much used for making sauce, etc.; also, the plant producing it (several species of Vaccinum or Oxycoccus.) The high cranberry or cranberry tree is a species of Viburnum (V. Opulus), and the other is sometimes called low cranberry or marsh cranberry to distinguish it.

Cranch (v. t.) See Craunch.

Crane (n.) A wading bird of the genus Grus, and allied genera, of various species, having a long, straight bill, and long legs and neck.

Crane (n.) A machine for raising and lowering heavy weights, and, while holding them suspended, transporting them through a limited lateral distance. In one form it consists of a projecting arm or jib of timber or iron, a rotating post or base, and the necessary tackle, windlass, etc.; -- so called from a fancied similarity between its arm and the neck of a crane See Illust. of Derrick.

Crane (n.) An iron arm with horizontal motion, attached to the side or back of a fireplace, for supporting kettles, etc., over a fire.

Crane (n.) A siphon, or bent pipe, for drawing liquors out of a cask.

Crane (n.) A forked post or projecting bracket to support spars, etc., -- generally used in pairs. See Crotch, 2.

Craned (imp. & p. p.) of Crane

Craning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crane

Crane (v. t.) To cause to rise; to raise or lift, as by a crane; -- with up.

Crane (v. t.) To stretch, as a crane stretches its neck; as, to crane the neck disdainfully.

Crane (v. i.) to reach forward with head and neck, in order to see better; as, a hunter cranes forward before taking a leap.

Crane's-bill (n.) The geranium; -- so named from the long axis of the fruit, which resembles the beak of a crane.

Crane's-bill (n.) A pair of long-beaked forceps.

Crang (n.) See Krang.

Crania (n.) A genus of living Brachiopoda; -- so called from its fancied resemblance to the cranium or skull.

Cranial (a.) Of or pertaining to the cranium.

Cranioclasm (n.) The crushing of a child's head, as with the cranioclast or craniotomy forceps in cases of very difficult delivery.

Cranioclast (n.) An instrument for crushing the head of a fetus, to facilitate delivery in difficult eases.

Craniofacial (a.) Of or pertaining to the cranium and face; as, the craniofacial angle.

Craniognomy (n.) The science of the form and characteristics of the skull.

Craniological (a.) Of or pertaining to craniology.

Craniologist (n.) One proficient in craniology; a phrenologist.

Craniology (n.) The department of science (as of ethnology or archaeology) which deals with the shape, size, proportions, indications, etc., of skulls; the study of skulls.

Craniometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the size of skulls.

Craniometric (a.) Alt. of Craniometrical

Craniometrical (a.) Pertaining to craniometry.

Craniometry (n.) The art or act of measuring skulls.

Cranioscopist (n.) One skilled in, or who practices, cranioscopy.

Cranioscopy (n.) Scientific examination of the cranium.

Craniota (n. pl.) A comprehensive division of the Vertebrata, including all those that have a skull.

Craniotomy (n.) The operation of opening the fetal head, in order to effect delivery.

Craniums (pl. ) of Cranium

Crania (pl. ) of Cranium

Cranium (n.) The skull of an animal; especially, that part of the skull, either cartilaginous or bony, which immediately incloses the brain; the brain case or brainpan. See Skull.

Crank (n.) A bent portion of an axle, or shaft, or an arm keyed at right angles to the end of a shaft, by which motion is imparted to or received from it; also used to change circular into reciprocating motion, or reciprocating into circular motion. See Bell crank.

Crank (n.) Any bend, turn, or winding, as of a passage.

Crank (n.) A twist or turn in speech; a conceit consisting in a change of the form or meaning of a word.

Crank (n.) A twist or turn of the mind; caprice; whim; crotchet; also, a fit of temper or passion.

Crank (n.) A person full of crotchets; one given to fantastic or impracticable projects; one whose judgment is perverted in respect to a particular matter.

Crank (n.) A sick person; an invalid.

Crank (n.) Sick; infirm.

Crank (n.) Liable to careen or be overset, as a ship when she is too narrow, or has not sufficient ballast, or is loaded too high, to carry full sail.

Crank (n.) Full of spirit; brisk; lively; sprightly; overconfident; opinionated.

Crank (n.) To run with a winding course; to double; to crook; to wind and turn.

Crankbird (n.) A small European woodpecker (Picus minor).

Cranked (a.) Formed with, or having, a bend or crank; as, a cranked axle.

Crankiness (n.) Crankness.

Crankle (v. t.) To break into bends, turns, or angles; to crinkle.

Crankle (v. i.) To bend, turn, or wind.

Crankle (n.) A bend or turn; a twist; a crinkle.

Crankness (n.) Liability to be overset; -- said of a ship or other vessel.

Crankness (n.) Sprightliness; vigor; health.

Cranky (a.) Full of spirit; crank.

Cranky (a.) Addicted to crotchets and whims; unreasonable in opinions; crotchety.

Cranky (a.) Unsteady; easy to upset; crank.

Crannied (a.) Having crannies, chinks, or fissures; as, a crannied wall.

Crannog (n.) Alt. of Crannoge

Crannoge (n.) One of the stockaded islands in Scotland and Ireland which in ancient times were numerous in the lakes of both countries. They may be regarded as the very latest class of prehistoric strongholds, reaching their greatest development in early historic times, and surviving through the Middle Ages. See also Lake dwellings, under Lake.

Crannies (pl. ) of Cranny

Cranny (n.) A small, narrow opening, fissure, crevice, or chink, as in a wall, or other substance.

Cranny (n.) A tool for forming the necks of bottles, etc.

Crannied (imp. & p. p.) of Cranny

Crannying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cranny

Cranny (v. i.) To crack into, or become full of, crannies.

Cranny (v. i.) To haunt, or enter by, crannies.

Cranny (a.) Quick; giddy; thoughtless.

Crantara (n.) The fiery cross, used as a rallying signal in the Highlands of Scotland.

Crants (n.) A garland carried before the bier of a maiden.

Crapaudine (n.) Turning on pivots at the top and bottom; -- said of a door.

Crapaudine (n.) An ulcer on the coronet of a horse.

Crape (n.) A thin, crimped stuff, made of raw silk gummed and twisted on the mill. Black crape is much used for mourning garments, also for the dress of some clergymen.

Craped (imp. & p. p.) of Crape

Craping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crape

Crape (n.) To form into ringlets; to curl; to crimp; to friz; as, to crape the hair; to crape silk.

Crapefish (n.) Salted codfish hardened by pressure.

Crapnel (n.) A hook or drag; a grapnel.

Crappie (n.) A kind of fresh-water bass of the genus Pomoxys, found in the rivers of the Southern United States and Mississippi valley. There are several species.

Crapple (n.) A claw.

Craps (n.) A gambling game with dice.

Crapula (n.) Alt. of Crapule

Crapule (n.) Same as Crapulence.

Crapulence (n.) The sickness occasioned by intemperance; surfeit.

Crapulent (a.) Alt. of Crapulous

Crapulous (a.) Surcharged with liquor; sick from excessive indulgence in liquor; drunk; given to excesses.

Crapy (a.) Resembling crape.

Crare (n.) A slow unwieldy trading vessel.

Crase (v. t.) To break in pieces; to crack.

Crashed (imp. & p. p.) of Crash

Crashing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crash

Crash (v. t. ) To break in pieces violently; to dash together with noise and violence.

Crash (v. i.) To make a loud, clattering sound, as of many things falling and breaking at once; to break in pieces with a harsh noise.

Crash (v. i.) To break with violence and noise; as, the chimney in falling crashed through the roof.

Crash (n.) A loud, sudden, confused sound, as of many things falling and breaking at once.

Crash (n.) Ruin; failure; sudden breaking down, as of a business house or a commercial enterprise.

Crash (n.) Coarse, heavy, narrow linen cloth, used esp. for towels.

Crashing (n.) The noise of many things falling and breaking at once.

Crasis (n.) A mixture of constituents, as of the blood; constitution; temperament.

Crasis (n.) A contraction of two vowels (as the final and initial vowels of united words) into one long vowel, or into a diphthong; synaeresis; as, cogo for coago.

Craspedota (n. pl.) The hydroid or naked-eyed medusae. See Hydroidea.

Craspedote (a.) Of or pertaining to the Craspedota.

Crass (a.) Gross; thick; dense; coarse; not elaborated or refined.

Crassament (a.) Alt. of Crassamentum

Crassamentum (a.) A semisolid mass or clot, especially that formed in coagulation of the blood.

Crassiment (n.) See Crassament.

Crassitude (n.) Grossness; coarseness; thickness; density.

Crassness (n.) Grossness.

Crastination (n.) Procrastination; a putting off till to-morrow.

Crataegus (n.) A genus of small, hardy trees, including the hawthorn, much used for ornamental purposes.

Cratch (n.) A manger or open frame for hay; a crib; a rack.

Crate (n.) A large basket or hamper of wickerwork, used for the transportation of china, crockery, and similar wares.

Crate (n.) A box or case whose sides are of wooden slats with interspaces, -- used especially for transporting fruit.

Crated (imp. & p. p.) of Crate

Crating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crate

Crate (v. t.) To pack in a crate or case for transportation; as, to crate a sewing machine; to crate peaches.

Crater (n.) The basinlike opening or mouth of a volcano, through which the chief eruption comes; similarly, the mouth of a geyser, about which a cone of silica is often built up.

Crater (n.) The pit left by the explosion of a mine.

Crater (n.) A constellation of the southen hemisphere; -- called also the Cup.

Crateriform (a.) Having the form of a shallow bowl; -- said of a corolla.

Craterous (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a crater.

Craunched (imp. & p. p.) of Craunch

Craunching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Craunch

Craunch (v. t. & i.) To crush with the teeth; to chew with violence and noise; to crunch.

Cravat (n.) A neckcloth; a piece of silk, fine muslin, or other cloth, worn by men about the neck.

Cravatted (a.) Wearing a cravat.

Craved (imp. & p. p.) of Crave

Craving (p pr. & vb. n.) of Crave

Crave (v. t.) To ask with earnestness or importunity; to ask with submission or humility; to beg; to entreat; to beseech; to implore.

Crave (v. t.) To call for, as a gratification; to long for; hence, to require or demand; as, the stomach craves food.

Crave (v. i.) To desire strongly; to feel an insatiable longing; as, a craving appetite.

Craven (a.) Cowardly; fainthearted; spiritless.

Craven (n.) A recreant; a coward; a weak-hearted, spiritless fellow. See Recreant, n.

Cravened (imp. & p. p.) of Craven

Cravening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Craven

Craven (v. t.) To make recreant, weak, spiritless, or cowardly.

Craver (n.) One who craves or begs.

Craving (n.) Vehement or urgent desire; longing for; beseeching.

Craw (n.) The crop of a bird.

Craw (n.) The stomach of an animal.

-fishes (pl. ) of Crayfish

-fish (pl. ) of Crayfish

Crawfish (n.) Alt. of Crayfish

Crayfish (n.) Any crustacean of the family Astacidae, resembling the lobster, but smaller, and found in fresh waters. Crawfishes are esteemed very delicate food both in Europe and America. The North American species are numerous and mostly belong to the genus Cambarus. The blind crawfish of the Mammoth Cave is Cambarus pellucidus. The common European species is Astacus fluviatilis.

Crawford (n.) A Crawford peach; a well-known freestone peach, with yellow flesh, first raised by Mr. William Crawford, of New Jersey.

Crawled (imp. & p. p.) of Crawl

Crawling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crawl

Crawl (v. i.) To move slowly by drawing the body along the ground, as a worm; to move slowly on hands and knees; to creep.

Crawl (v. i.) to move or advance in a feeble, slow, or timorous manner.

Crawl (v. i.) To advance slowly and furtively; to insinuate one's self; to advance or gain influence by servile or obsequious conduct.

Crawl (v. i.) To have a sensation as of insect creeping over the body; as, the flesh crawls. See Creep, v. i., 7.

Crawl (n.) The act or motion of crawling; slow motion, as of a creeping animal.

Crawl (n.) A pen or inclosure of stakes and hurdles on the seacoast, for holding fish.

Crawler (n.) One who, or that which, crawls; a creeper; a reptile.

Crawly (a.) Creepy.

Cray (n.) Alt. of Crayer

Crayer (n.) See Crare.

Crayfish (n.) See Crawfish.

Crayon (n.) An implement for drawing, made of clay and plumbago, or of some preparation of chalk, usually sold in small prisms or cylinders.

Crayon (n.) A crayon drawing.

Crayon (n.) A pencil of carbon used in producing electric light.

Crayoned (imp. & p. p.) of Crayon

Crayoning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crayon

Crayon (v. t.) To sketch, as with a crayon; to sketch or plan.

Crazed (imp. & p. p.) of Craze

Crazing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Craze

Craze (v. t.) To break into pieces; to crush; to grind to powder. See Crase.

Craze (v. t.) To weaken; to impair; to render decrepit.

Craze (v. t.) To derange the intellect of; to render insane.

Craze (v. i.) To be crazed, or to act or appear as one that is crazed; to rave; to become insane.

Craze (v. i.) To crack, as the glazing of porcelain or pottery.

Craze (n.) Craziness; insanity.

Craze (n.) A strong habitual desire or fancy; a crotchet.

Craze (n.) A temporary passion or infatuation, as for same new amusement, pursuit, or fashion; as, the bric-a-brac craze; the aesthetic craze.

Crazedness (n.) A broken state; decrepitude; an impaired state of the intellect.

Craze-mill (n.) Alt. of Crazing-mill

Crazing-mill (n.) A mill for grinding tin ore.

Crazily (adv.) In a crazy manner.

Craziness (n.) The state of being broken down or weakened; as, the craziness of a ship, or of the limbs.

Craziness (n.) The state of being broken in mind; imbecility or weakness of intellect; derangement.

Crazy (a.) Characterized by weakness or feebleness; decrepit; broken; falling to decay; shaky; unsafe.

Crazy (a.) Broken, weakened, or dissordered in intellect; shattered; demented; deranged.

Crazy (a.) Inordinately desirous; foolishly eager.

Creable (a.) Capable of being created.

Creaght (n.) A drove or herd.

Creaght (v. i.) To graze.

Creaked (imp. & p. p.) of Creak

Creaking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Creak

Creak (v. i.) To make a prolonged sharp grating or squeaking sound, as by the friction of hard substances; as, shoes creak.

Creak (v. t.) To produce a creaking sound with.

Creak (n.) The sound produced by anything that creaks; a creaking.

Creaking (n.) A harsh grating or squeaking sound, or the act of making such a sound.

Cream (n.) The rich, oily, and yellowish part of milk, which, when the milk stands unagitated, rises, and collects on the surface. It is the part of milk from which butter is obtained.

Cream (n.) The part of any liquor that rises, and collects on the surface.

Cream (n.) A delicacy of several kinds prepared for the table from cream, etc., or so as to resemble cream.

Cream (n.) A cosmetic; a creamlike medicinal preparation.

Cream (n.) The best or choicest part of a thing; the quintessence; as, the cream of a jest or story; the cream of a collection of books or pictures.

Creamed (imp. & p. p.) of Cream

Creaming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cream

Cream (v. t.) To skim, or take off by skimming, as cream.

Cream (v. t.) To take off the best or choicest part of.

Cream (v. t.) To furnish with, or as with, cream.

Cream (v. i.) To form or become covered with cream; to become thick like cream; to assume the appearance of cream; hence, to grow stiff or formal; to mantle.

Creamcake (n.) A kind of cake filled with custard made of cream, eggs, etc.

Cream-colored (a.) Of the color of cream; light yellow.

Creameries (pl. ) of Creamery

Creamery (n.) A place where butter and cheese are made, or where milk and cream are put up in cans for market.

Creamery (n.) A place or apparatus in which milk is set for raising cream.

Creamery (n.) An establishment where cream is sold.

Cream-faced (a.) White or pale, as the effect of fear, or as the natural complexion.

Cream-fruit (n.) A plant of Sierra Leone which yields a wholesome, creamy juice.

Creaminess (n.) The quality of being creamy.

Cream laid () See under Laid.

Cream-slice (n.) A wooden knife with a long thin blade, used in handling cream or ice cream.

Cream-white (a.) As white as cream.

Creamy (a.) Full of, or containing, cream; resembling cream, in nature, appearance, or taste; creamlike; unctuous.

Creance (n.) Faith; belief; creed.

Creance (n.) A fine, small line, fastened to a hawk's leash, when it is first lured.

Creance (v. i. & t.) To get on credit; to borrow.

Creant (a.) Creative; formative.

Crease (n.) See Creese.

Crease (n.) A line or mark made by folding or doubling any pliable substance; hence, a similar mark, however produced.

Crease (n.) One of the lines serving to define the limits of the bowler and the striker.

Creased (imp. & p. p.) of Crease

Creasing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crease

Crease (v. t.) To make a crease or mark in, as by folding or doubling.

Creaser (n.) A tool, or a sewing-machine attachment, for making lines or creases on leather or cloth, as guides to sew by.

Creaser (n.) A tool for making creases or beads, as in sheet iron, or for rounding small tubes.

Creaser (n.) A tool for making the band impression distinct on the back.

Creasing (n.) A layer of tiles forming a corona for a wall.

Creasote (n.) See Creosote.

Creasy (a.) Full of creases.

Creat (n.) An usher to a riding master.

Creatable (a.) That may be created.

Create (a.) Created; composed; begotten.

Created (imp. & p. p.) of Create

Creating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Create

Create (v. t.) To bring into being; to form out of nothing; to cause to exist.

Create (v. t.) To effect by the agency, and under the laws, of causation; to be the occasion of; to cause; to produce; to form or fashion; to renew.

Create (v. t.) To invest with a new form, office, or character; to constitute; to appoint; to make; as, to create one a peer.

Creatic (a.) Relating to, or produced by, flesh or animal food; as, creatic nausea.

Creatin (n.) A white, crystalline, nitrogenous substance found abundantly in muscle tissue.

Creatinin (n.) A white, crystalline, nitrogenous body closely related to creatin but more basic in its properties, formed from the latter by the action of acids, and occurring naturally in muscle tissue and in urine.

Creation (n.) The act of creating or causing to exist. Specifically, the act of bringing the universe or this world into existence.

Creation (n.) That which is created; that which is produced or caused to exist, as the world or some original work of art or of the imagination; nature.

Creation (n.) The act of constituting or investing with a new character; appointment; formation.

Creational (a.) Of or pertaining to creation.

Creationism (n.) The doctrine that a soul is specially created for each human being as soon as it is formed in the womb; -- opposed to traducianism.

Creative (a.) Having the power to create; exerting the act of creation.

Creativeness (n.) The quality of being creative.

Cretor (n.) One who creates, produces, or constitutes. Specifically, the Supreme Being.

Creatorship (n.) State or condition of a creator.

Creatress (n.) She who creates.

Creatrix (n.) A creatress.

Creatural (a.) Belonging to a creature; having the qualities of a creature.

Creature (n.) Anything created; anything not self-existent; especially, any being created with life; an animal; a man.

Creature (n.) A human being, in pity, contempt, or endearment; as, a poor creature; a pretty creature.

Creature (n.) A person who owes his rise and fortune to another; a servile dependent; an instrument; a tool.

Creature (n.) A general term among farmers for horses, oxen, etc.

Cratureless (a.) Without created beings; alone.

Creaturely (a.) Creatural; characteristic of a creature.

Creatureship (n.) The condition of being a creature.

Creaturize (v. t.) To make like a creature; to degrade

Creaze (n.) The tin ore which collects in the central part of the washing pit or buddle.

Crebricostate (a.) Marked with closely set ribs or ridges.

Crebrisulcate (a.) Marked with closely set transverse furrows.

Crebritude (n.) Frequency.

Crebrous (a.) Frequent; numerous.

Cr/che (n.) A public nursery, where the young children of poor women are cared for during the day, while their mothers are at work.

Credence (n.) Reliance of the mind on evidence of facts derived from other sources than personal knowledge; belief; credit; confidence.

Credence (n.) That which gives a claim to credit, belief, or confidence; as, a letter of credence.

Credence (n.) The small table by the side of the altar or communion table, on which the bread and wine are placed before being consecrated.

Credence (n.) A cupboard, sideboard, or cabinet, particularly one intended for the display of rich vessels or plate, and consisting chiefly of open shelves for that purpose.

Credence (v. t.) To give credence to; to believe.

Credenda (pl. ) of Credendum

Credendum (n.) A thing to be believed; an article of faith; -- distinguished from agendum, a practical duty.

Credent (a.) Believing; giving credence; credulous.

Credent (a.) Having credit or authority; credible.

Credential (a.) Giving a title or claim to credit or confidence; accrediting.

Credential (n.) That which gives a title to credit or confidence.

Credential (n.) Testimonials showing that a person is entitled to credit, or has right to exercise official power, as the letters given by a government to an ambassador or envoy, or a certificate that one is a duly elected delegate.

Credibility (n.) The quality of being credible; credibleness; as, the credibility of facts; the credibility of witnesses.

Credible (a.) Capable of being credited or believed; worthy of belief; entitled to confidence; trustworthy.

Credibleness (n.) The quality or state of being credible; worthiness of belief; credibility.

Credibly (adv.) In a manner inducing belief; as, I have been credibly informed of the event.

Credit (n.) Reliance on the truth of something said or done; belief; faith; trust; confidence.

Credit (n.) Reputation derived from the confidence of others; esteem; honor; good name; estimation.

Credit (n.) A ground of, or title to, belief or confidence; authority derived from character or reputation.

Credit (n.) That which tends to procure, or add to, reputation or esteem; an honor.

Credit (n.) Influence derived from the good opinion, confidence, or favor of others; interest.

Credit (n.) Trust given or received; expectation of future playment for property transferred, or of fulfillment or promises given; mercantile reputation entitling one to be trusted; -- applied to individuals, corporations, communities, or nations; as, to buy goods on credit.

Credit (n.) The time given for payment for lands or goods sold on trust; as, a long credit or a short credit.

Credit (n.) The side of an account on which are entered all items reckoned as values received from the party or the category named at the head of the account; also, any one, or the sum, of these items; -- the opposite of debit; as, this sum is carried to one's credit, and that to his debit; A has several credits on the books of B.

Credited (imp. & p. p.) of Credit

Crediting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Credit

Credit (v. t.) To confide in the truth of; to give credence to; to put trust in; to believe.

Credit (v. t.) To bring honor or repute upon; to do credit to; to raise the estimation of.

Credit (v. t.) To enter upon the credit side of an account; to give credit for; as, to credit the amount paid; to set to the credit of; as, to credit a man with the interest paid on a bond.

Creditable (a.) Worthy of belief.

Creditable (a.) Deserving or possessing reputation or esteem; reputable; estimable.

Creditable (a.) Bringing credit, reputation, or honor; honorable; as, such conduct is highly creditable to him.

Creditableness (n.) The quality of being creditable.

Creditably (adv.) In a creditable manner; reputably; with credit.

Credit foncier () A company licensed for the purpose of carrying out improvements, by means of loans and advances upon real securities.

Credit mobilier () A joint stock company, formed for general banking business, or for the construction of public works, by means of loans on personal estate, after the manner of the credit foncier on real estate. In practice, however, this distinction has not been strictly observed.

Creditor (n.) One who credits, believes, or trusts.

Creditor (n.) One who gives credit in business matters; hence, one to whom money is due; -- correlative to debtor.

Creditress (n.) Alt. of Creditrix

Creditrix (n.) A female creditor.

Credo (n.) The creed, as sung or read in the Roman Catholic church.

Credulity (n.) Readiness of belief; a disposition to believe on slight evidence.

Credulous (a.) Apt to believe on slight evidence; easily imposed upon; unsuspecting.

Credulous (a.) Believed too readily.

Credulously (adv.) With credulity.

Credulousness (n.) Readiness to believe on slight evidence; credulity.

Creed (v. t.) A definite summary of what is believed; esp., a summary of the articles of Christian faith; a confession of faith for public use; esp., one which is brief and comprehensive.

Creed (v. t.) Any summary of principles or opinions professed or adhered to.

Creed (v. t.) To believe; to credit.

Creedless (a.) Without a creed.

Creek (n.) A small inlet or bay, narrower and extending further into the land than a cove; a recess in the shore of the sea, or of a river.

Creek (n.) A stream of water smaller than a river and larger than a brook.

Creek (n.) Any turn or winding.

Creekfish (n.) The chub sucker.

Creeks (n. pl.) A tribe or confederacy of North American Indians, including the Muskogees, Seminoles, Uchees, and other subordinate tribes. They formerly inhabited Georgia, Florida, and Alabama.

Creeky (a.) Containing, or abounding in, creeks; characterized by creeks; like a creek; winding.

Creel (n.) An osier basket, such as anglers use.

Creel (n.) A bar or set of bars with skewers for holding paying-off bobbins, as in the roving machine, throstle, and mule.

Crept (imp.) of Creep

Crope () of Creep

Crept (p. p.) of Creep

Creeping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Creep

Creep (v. t.) To move along the ground, or on any other surface, on the belly, as a worm or reptile; to move as a child on the hands and knees; to crawl.

Creep (v. t.) To move slowly, feebly, or timorously, as from unwillingness, fear, or weakness.

Creep (v. t.) To move in a stealthy or secret manner; to move imperceptibly or clandestinely; to steal in; to insinuate itself or one's self; as, age creeps upon us.

Creep (v. t.) To slip, or to become slightly displaced; as, the collodion on a negative, or a coat of varnish, may creep in drying; the quicksilver on a mirror may creep.

Creep (v. t.) To move or behave with servility or exaggerated humility; to fawn; as, a creeping sycophant.

Creep (v. t.) To grow, as a vine, clinging to the ground or to some other support by means of roots or rootlets, or by tendrils, along its length.

Creep (v. t.) To have a sensation as of insects creeping on the skin of the body; to crawl; as, the sight made my flesh creep. See Crawl, v. i., 4.

Creep (v. i.) To drag in deep water with creepers, as for recovering a submarine cable.

Creep (n.) The act or process of creeping.

Creep (n.) A distressing sensation, or sound, like that occasioned by the creeping of insects.

Creep (n.) A slow rising of the floor of a gallery, occasioned by the pressure of incumbent strata upon the pillars or sides; a gradual movement of mining ground.

Creeper (n.) One who, or that which, creeps; any creeping thing.

Creeper (n.) A plant that clings by rootlets, or by tendrils, to the ground, or to trees, etc.; as, the Virginia creeper (Ampelopsis quinquefolia).

Creeper (n.) A small bird of the genus Certhia, allied to the wrens. The brown or common European creeper is C. familiaris, a variety of which (var. Americana) inhabits America; -- called also tree creeper and creeptree. The American black and white creeper is Mniotilta varia.

Creeper (n.) A kind of patten mounted on short pieces of iron instead of rings; also, a fixture with iron points worn on a shoe to prevent one from slipping.

Creeper (n.) A spurlike device strapped to the boot, which enables one to climb a tree or pole; -- called often telegraph creepers.

Creeper (n.) A small, low iron, or dog, between the andirons.

Creeper (n.) An instrument with iron hooks or claws for dragging at the bottom of a well, or any other body of water, and bringing up what may lie there.

Creeper (n.) Any device for causing material to move steadily from one part of a machine to another, as an apron in a carding machine, or an inner spiral in a grain screen.

Creeper (n.) Crockets. See Crocket.

Creephole (n.) A hole or retreat into which an animal may creep, to escape notice or danger.

Creephole (n.) A subterfuge; an excuse.

Creepie (n.) A low stool.

Creepiness (n.) An uneasy sensation as of insects creeping on the skin.

Creeping (a.) Crawling, or moving close to the ground.

Creeping (a.) Growing along, and clinging to, the ground, or to a wall, etc., by means of rootlets or tendrils.

Creepingly (adv.) by creeping slowly; in the manner of a reptile; insidiously; cunningly.

Creeple (n.) A creeping creature; a reptile.

Creeple (n.) One who is lame; a cripple.

Creepy (a.) Crawly; having or producing a sensation like that caused by insects creeping on the skin.

Crees (n. pl.) An Algonquin tribe of Indians, inhabiting a large part of British America east of the Rocky Mountains and south of Hudson's Bay.

Creese (n.) A dagger or short sword used by the Malays, commonly having a serpentine blade.

Cremaillere (n.) An indented or zigzaged line of intrenchment.

Cremaster (n.) A thin muscle which serves to draw up the testicle.

Cremaster (n.) The apex of the last abdominal segment of an insect.

Cremasteric (a.) Of or pertaining to the cremaster; as, the cremasteric artery.

Cremate (v. t.) To burn; to reduce to ashes by the action of fire, either directly or in an oven or retort; to incremate or incinerate; as, to cremate a corpse, instead of burying it.

Cremation (n.) A burning; esp., the act or practice of cremating the dead.

Cremationist (n.) One who advocates the practice of cremation.

Cremator (n.) One who, or that which, cremates or consumes to ashes.

Crematoriums (pl. ) of Crematory

Crematories (pl. ) of Crematory

Crematorium (n.) Alt. of Crematory

Crematory (n.) A furnace for cremating corpses; a building containing such a furnace.

Crematory (a.) Pertaining to, or employed in, cremation.

Cremocarp (n.) The peculiar fruit of fennel, carrot, parsnip, and the like, consisting of a pair of carpels pendent from a supporting axis.

Cremona (n.) A superior kind of violin, formerly made at Cremona, in Italy.

Cremor (n.) Cream; a substance resembling cream; yeast; scum.

Cremosin (n.) See Crimson.

Crems (n.) See Krems.

Crenate (a.) Alt. of Crenated

Crenated (a.) Having the margin cut into rounded teeth notches, or scallops.

Crenation (n.) A rounded tooth on the edge of a leaf.

Crenation (n.) The condition of being crenate.

Crenature (n.) A rounded tooth or notch of a crenate leaf, or any part that is crenate; -- called also crenelle.

Crenature (n.) The state of being crenated or notched.

Crenel (n.) See Crenelle.

Crenelated (imp. & p. p.) of Crenelate

Crenelating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crenelate

Crenelate (v. t.) To furnish with crenelles.

Crenelate (v. t.) To indent; to notch; as, a crenelated leaf.

Crenelation (n.) The act of crenelating, or the state of being crenelated; an indentation or an embrasure.

Crenelle (n.) Alt. of Crenel

Crenel (n.) An embrasure or indentation in a battlement; a loophole in a fortress; an indentation; a notch. See Merlon, and Illust. of Battlement.

Crenel (n.) Same as Crenature.

Crenelled (a.) Same as Crenate.

Crengle (n.) Alt. of Crenkle

Crenkle (n.) See Cringle.

Crenulate (a.) Alt. of Crenulated

Crenulated (a.) Minutely crenate.

Crenulation (n.) A minute crenation.

Crenulation (n.) The state of being minutely scalloped.

Creole (n.) One born of European parents in the American colonies of France or Spain or in the States which were once such colonies, esp. a person of French or Spanish descent, who is a native inhabitant of Louisiana, or one of the States adjoining, bordering on the Gulf of of Mexico.

Creole (a.) Of or pertaining to a Creole or the Creoles.

Creolean (a.) Alt. of Creolian

Creolian (a.) Pertaining to, or characteristic of, the Creoles.

Creolian (n. ) A Creole.

Creosol (n.) A colorless liquid resembling phenol or carbolic acid, homologous with pyrocatechin, and obtained from beechwood tar and gum guaiacum.

Creosote (n.) Wood-tar oil; an oily antiseptic liquid, of a burning smoky taste, colorless when pure, but usually colored yellow or brown by impurity or exposure. It is a complex mixture of various phenols and their ethers, and is obtained by the distillation of wood tar, especially that of beechwood.

Creosoted (imp. & p. p.) of Creosote

Creosoting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Creosote

Creosote (v. t.) To saturate or impregnate with creosote, as timber, for the prevention of decay.

Crepance (n.) Alt. of Crepane

Crepane (n.) An injury in a horse's leg, caused by the shoe of one hind foot striking and cutting the other leg. It sometimes forms an ulcer.

Crepe (n.) Same as Crape.

Crepitant (a.) Having a crackling sound; crackling; rattling.

Crepitated (imp. & p. p.) of Crepitate

Crepitating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crepitate

Crepitate (v.) To make a series of small, sharp, rapidly repeated explosions or sounds, as salt in fire; to crackle; to snap.

Crepitation (n.) The act of crepitating or crackling.

Crepitation (n.) A grating or crackling sensation or sound, as that produced by rubbing two fragments of a broken bone together, or by pressing upon cellular tissue containing air.

Crepitation (n.) A crepitant rale.

Crepitus (n.) The noise produced by a sudden discharge of wind from the bowels.

Crepitus (n.) Same as Crepitation, 2.

Crepon (n.) A thin stuff made of the finest wool or silk, or of wool and silk.

Crept () imp. & p. p. of Creep.

Crepuscle (n.) Alt. of Crepuscule

Crepuscule (n.) Twilight.

Crepuscular (a.) Alt. of Crepusculous

Crepusculous (a.) Pertaining to twilight; glimmering; hence, imperfectly clear or luminous.

Crepusculous (a.) Flying in the twilight or evening, or before sunrise; -- said certain birds and insects.

Crepusculine (a.) Crepuscular.

Crescence (n.) Increase; enlargement.

Crescendo (a. & adv.) With a constantly increasing volume of voice; with gradually increasing strength and fullness of tone; -- a direction for the performance of music, indicated by the mark, or by writing the word on the score.

Crescendo (n.) A gradual increase in the strength and fullness of tone with which a passage is performed.

Crescendo (n.) A passage to be performed with constantly increasing volume of tone.

Crescent (n.) The increasing moon; the moon in her first quarter, or when defined by a concave and a convex edge; also, applied improperly to the old or decreasing moon in a like state.

Crescent (n.) Anything having the shape of a crescent or new moon.

Crescent (n.) A representation of the increasing moon, often used as an emblem or badge

Crescent (n.) A symbol of Artemis, or Diana.

Crescent (n.) The ancient symbol of Byzantium or Constantinople.

Crescent (n.) The emblem of the Turkish Empire, adopted after the taking of Constantinople.

Crescent (n.) Any one of three orders of knighthood; the first instituted by Charles I., king of Naples and Sicily, in 1268; the second by Rene of Anjou, in 1448; and the third by the Sultan Selim III., in 1801, to be conferred upon foreigners to whom Turkey might be indebted for valuable services.

Crescent (n.) The emblem of the increasing moon with horns directed upward, when used in a coat of arms; -- often used as a mark of cadency to distinguish a second son and his descendants.

Crescent (a.) Shaped like a crescent.

Crescent (a.) Increasing; growing.

Crescent (v. t.) To form into a crescent, or something resembling a crescent.

Crescent (v. t.) To adorn with crescents.

Crescentic (a.) Crescent-shaped.

Crescentwise (adv.) In the form of a crescent; like a crescent.

Crescive (a.) Increasing; growing.

Cresol (n.) Any one of three metameric substances, CH3.C6H4.OH, homologous with and resembling phenol. They are obtained from coal tar and wood tar, and are colorless, oily liquids or solids. [Called also cresylic acid.]

Cresorcin (n.) Same as Isorcin.

Cresses (pl. ) of Cress

Cress (n.) A plant of various species, chiefly cruciferous. The leaves have a moderately pungent taste, and are used as a salad and antiscorbutic.

Cresselle (n.) A wooden rattle sometimes used as a substitute for a bell, in the Roman Catholic church, during the latter part of Holy Week, or the last week of Lent.

Cresset (n.) An open frame or basket of iron, filled with combustible material, to be burned as a beacon; an open lamp or firrepan carried on a pole in nocturnal processions.

Cresset (n.) A small furnace or iron cage to hold fire for charring the inside of a cask, and making the staves flexible.

Cressy (a.) Abounding in cresses.

Crest (n.) A tuft, or other excrescence or natural ornament, growing on an animal's head; the comb of a cock; the swelling on the head of a serpent; the lengthened feathers of the crown or nape of bird, etc.

Crest (n.) The plume of feathers, or other decoration, worn on a helmet; the distinctive ornament of a helmet, indicating the rank of the wearer; hence, also, the helmet.

Crest (n.) A bearing worn, not upon the shield, but usually above it, or separately as an ornament for plate, liveries, and the like. It is a relic of the ancient cognizance. See Cognizance, 4.

Crest (n.) The upper curve of a horse's neck.

Crest (n.) The ridge or top of a wave.

Crest (n.) The summit of a hill or mountain ridge.

Crest (n.) The helm or head, as typical of a high spirit; pride; courage.

Crest (n.) The ornamental finishing which surmounts the ridge of a roof, canopy, etc.

Crest (n.) The top line of a slope or embankment.

Crested (imp. & p. p.) of Crest

Cresting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crest

Crest (v. t.) To furnish with, or surmount as, a crest; to serve as a crest for.

Crest (v. t.) To mark with lines or streaks, like, or regarded as like, waving plumes.

Crest (v. i.) To form a crest.

Crested (a.) Having a crest.

Crested (a.) Having a crest of feathers or hair upon the head.

Crested (a.) Bearing any elevated appendage like a crest, as an elevated line or ridge, or a tuft.

Crestfallen (a.) With hanging head; hence, dispirited; dejected; cowed.

Crestfallen (a.) Having the crest, or upper part of the neck, hanging to one side; -- said of a horse.

Cresting (n.) An ornamental finish on the top of a wall or ridge of a roof.

Crestless (a.) Without a crest or escutcheon; of low birth.

Cresylic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, cresol, creosote, etc.

Cretaceous (a.) Having the qualities of chalk; abounding with chalk; chalky; as, cretaceous rocks and formations. See Chalk.

Cretaceously (adv.) In a chalky manner; as chalk.

Cretan (a.) Pertaining to Crete, or Candia.

Cretan (n.) A native or inhabitant of Crete or Candia.

Crete (n.) A Cretan

Cretian (a. & n.) See Cretan.

Cretic (n.) A poetic foot, composed of one short syllable between two long ones (- / -).

Creticism (n.) Falsehood; lying; cretism.

Cretin (n.) One afflicted with cretinism.

Cretinism (n.) A condition of endemic or inherited idiocy, accompanied by physical degeneracy and deformity (usually with goiter), frequent in certain mountain valleys, esp. of the Alps.

Cretinous (a.) Having the characteristics of a cretin.

Cretism (n.) A Cretan practice; lying; a falsehood.

Cretonne (n.) A strong white fabric with warp of hemp and weft of flax.

Cretonne (n.) A fabric with cotton warp and woolen weft.

Cretonne (n.) A kind of chintz with a glossy surface.

Cretose (a.) Chalky; cretaceous.

Creutzer (n.) See Kreutzer.

Creux (n.) Used in English only in the expression en creux. Thus, engraving en creux is engraving in intaglio, or by sinking or hollowing out the design.

Crevalle (n.) The cavally or jurel.

Crevalle (n.) The pompano (Trachynotus Carolinus).

Crevasse (n.) A deep crevice or fissure, as in embankment; one of the clefts or fissure by which the mass of a glacier is divided.

Crevasse (n.) A breach in the levee or embankment of a river, caused by the pressure of the water, as on the lower Mississippi.

Crevet (n.) A crucible or melting pot; a cruset.

Crevice (n.) A narrow opening resulting from a split or crack or the separation of a junction; a cleft; a fissure; a rent.

Crevice (v. t.) To crack; to flaw.

Creviced (a.) Having a crevice or crevices; as, a creviced structure for storing ears of corn.

Crevis (n.) The crawfish.

Crew (n.) The Manx shearwater.

Crew (n.) A company of people associated together; an assemblage; a throng.

Crew (n.) The company of seamen who man a ship, vessel, or at; the company belonging to a vessel or a boat.

Crew (n.) In an extended sense, any small body of men associated for a purpose; a gang; as (Naut.), the carpenter's crew; the boatswain's crew.

Crew () imp. of Crow

Crewel (n.) Worsted yarn,, slackly twisted, used for embroidery.

Crewelwork (n.) Embroidery in crewels, commonly done upon some plain material, such as linen.

Crewet (n.) See Cruet.

Crib (n.) A manger or rack; a feeding place for animals.

Crib (n.) A stall for oxen or other cattle.

Crib (n.) A small inclosed bedstead or cot for a child.

Crib (n.) A box or bin, or similar wooden structure, for storing grain, salt, etc.; as, a crib for corn or oats.

Crib (n.) A hovel; a hut; a cottage.

Crib (n.) A structure or frame of timber for a foundation, or for supporting a roof, or for lining a shaft.

Crib (n.) A structure of logs to be anchored with stones; -- used for docks, pier, dams, etc.

Crib (n.) A small raft of timber.

Crib (n.) A small theft; anything purloined;; a plagiaris/; hence, a translation or key, etc., to aid a student in preparing or reciting his lessons.

Crib (n.) A miner's luncheon.

Crib (n.) The discarded cards which the dealer can use in scoring points in cribbage.

Cribbed (imp. & p. p.) of Crib

Cribbing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crib

Crib (v. t.) To shut up or confine in a narrow habitation; to cage; to cramp.

Crib (v. t.) To pilfer or purloin; hence, to steal from an author; to appropriate; to plagiarize; as, to crib a line from Milton.

Crib (v. i.) To crowd together, or to be confined, as in a crib or in narrow accommodations.

Crib (v. i.) To make notes for dishonest use in recitation or examination.

Crib (v. i.) To seize the manger or other solid object with the teeth and draw in wind; -- said of a horse.

Cribbage (v. t.) A game of cards, played by two or four persons, in which there is a crib. (See Crib, 11.) It is characterized by a great variety of chances.

Criber (n.) Alt. of Crib-biter

Crib-biter (n.) A horse that has the habit of cribbing.

Cribbing (n.) The act of inclosing or confining in a crib or in close quarters.

Cribbing (n.) Purloining; stealing; plagiarizing.

Cribbing (n.) A framework of timbers and plank backing for a shaft lining, to prevent caving, percolation of water, etc.

Cribbing (n.) A vicious habit of a horse; crib-biting. The horse lays hold of the crib or manger with his teeth and draws air into the stomach with a grunting sound.

Crib-biting (n.) Same as Cribbing, 4.

Cribble (n.) A coarse sieve or screen.

Cribble (n.) Coarse flour or meal.

Cribbled (imp. & p. p.) of Cribble

Cribbling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cribble

Cribble (v. t.) To cause to pass through a sieve or riddle; to sift.

Cribble (a.) Coarse; as, cribble bread.

Cribellum (n.) A peculiar perforated organ of certain spiders (Ciniflonidae), used for spinning a special kind of silk.

Cribrate (a.) Cribriform.

Cribration (n.) The act or process of separating the finer parts of drugs from the coarser by sifting.

Cribriform (a.) Resembling, or having the form of, a sieve; pierced with holes; as, the cribriform plate of the ethmoid bone; a cribriform compress.

Cribrose (a.) Perforated like a sieve; cribriform.

Cric (n.) The ring which turns inward and condenses the flame of a lamp.

Crick (n.) The creaking of a door, or a noise resembling it.

Crick (n.) A painful, spasmodic affection of the muscles of some part of the body, as of the neck or back, rendering it difficult to move the part.

Crick (n.) A small jackscrew.

Cricket (n.) An orthopterous insect of the genus Gryllus, and allied genera. The males make chirping, musical notes by rubbing together the basal parts of the veins of the front wings.

Cricket (n.) A low stool.

Cricket (n.) A game much played in England, and sometimes in America, with a ball, bats, and wickets, the players being arranged in two contesting parties or sides.

Cricket (n.) A small false roof, or the raising of a portion of a roof, so as to throw off water from behind an obstacle, such as a chimney.

Cricket (v. i.) To play at cricket.

Cricketer (n.) One who plays at cricket.

Cricoid (a.) Resembling a ring; -- said esp. of the cartilage at the larynx, and the adjoining parts.

Cricothyroid (a.) Of or pertaining both to the cricoid and the thyroid cartilages.

Cried () imp. & p. p. of Cry.

Crier (n.) One who cries; one who makes proclamation.

Crier (n.) an officer who proclaims the orders or directions of a court, or who gives public notice by loud proclamation; as, a town-crier.

Crime (n.) Any violation of law, either divine or human; an omission of a duty commanded, or the commission of an act forbidden by law.

Crime (n.) Gross violation of human law, in distinction from a misdemeanor or trespass, or other slight offense. Hence, also, any aggravated offense against morality or the public welfare; any outrage or great wrong.

Crime (n.) Any great wickedness or sin; iniquity.

Crime (n.) That which occasion crime.

Crimeful (a.) Criminal; wicked; contrary to law, right, or dury.

Crimeless (a.) Free from crime; innocent.

Criminal (a.) Guilty of crime or sin.

Criminal (a.) Involving a crime; of the nature of a crime; -- said of an act or of conduct; as, criminal carelessness.

Criminal (a.) Relating to crime; -- opposed to civil; as, the criminal code.

Criminal (n.) One who has commited a crime; especially, one who is found guilty by verdict, confession, or proof; a malefactor; a felon.

Criminalist (n.) One versed in criminal law.

Criminality (n.) The quality or state of being criminal; that which constitutes a crime; guiltiness; guilt.

Criminally (adv.) In violation of law; wickedly.

Criminalness (n.) Criminality.

Criminated (imp. & p. p.) of Criminate

Criminating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Criminate

Criminate (v. t. ) To accuse of, or charge with, a crime.

Criminate (v. t. ) To involve in a crime or in its consequences; to render liable to a criminal charge.

Crimination (n.) The act of accusing; accusation; charge; complaint.

Criminative (a.) Charging with crime; accusing; criminatory.

Criminatory (a.) Relating to, or involving, crimination; accusing; as, a criminatory conscience.

Criminology (n.) A treatise on crime or the criminal population.

Criminous (a.) Criminal; involving great crime or grave charges; very wicked; heinous.

Crimosin (n.) See Crimson.

Crimped (imp. & p. p.) of Crimp

Crimping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crimp

Crimp (v. t.) To fold or plait in regular undulation in such a way that the material will retain the shape intended; to give a wavy appearance to; as, to crimp the border of a cap; to crimp a ruffle. Cf. Crisp.

Crimp (v. t.) To pinch and hold; to seize.

Crimp (v. t.) to entrap into the military or naval service; as, to crimp seamen.

Crimp (v. t.) To cause to contract, or to render more crisp, as the flesh of a fish, by gashing it, when living, with a knife; as, to crimp skate, etc.

Crimp (a.) Easily crumbled; friable; brittle.

Crimp (a.) Weak; inconsistent; contradictory.

Crimp (n.) A coal broker.

Crimp (n.) One who decoys or entraps men into the military or naval service.

Crimp (n.) A keeper of a low lodging house where sailors and emigrants are entrapped and fleeced.

Crimp (n.) Hair which has been crimped; -- usually in pl.

Crimp (n.) A game at cards.

Crimpage (n.) The act or practice of crimping; money paid to a crimp for shipping or enlisting men.

Crimper (n.) One who, or that which, crimps

Crimper (n.) A curved board or frame over which the upper of a boot or shoe is stretched to the required shape.

Crimper (n.) A device for giving hair a wavy appearance.

Crimper (n.) A machine for crimping or ruffling textile fabrics.

Crimpled (imp. & p. p.) of Crimple

Crimpling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crimple

Crimple (v. t.) To cause to shrink or draw together; to contract; to curl.

Crimpy (a.) Having a crimped appearance; frizzly; as, the crimpy wool of the Saxony sheep.

Crimson (n.) A deep red color tinged with blue; also, red color in general.

Crimson (a.) Of a deep red color tinged with blue; deep red.

Crimsoned (imp. & p. p.) of Crimson

Crimsoning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crimson

Crimson (v. t.) To dye with crimson or deep red; to redden.

Crimson (b. t.) To become crimson; to blush.

Crinal (a.) Of or pertaining to the hair.

Crinated (a.) Having hair; hairy.

Crinatory (a.) Crinitory.

Crincum (n.) A twist or bend; a turn; a whimsey.

Crincum-crancum (n.) A twist; a whimsey or whim.

Crined (a.) Having the hair of a different tincture from the rest of the body; as, a charge crined of a red tincture.

Crinel (n.) Alt. of Crinet

Crinet (n.) A very fine, hairlike feather.

Crnged (imp. & p. p.) of Cringe

Cringing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cringe

Cringe (v. t.) To draw one's self together as in fear or servility; to bend or crouch with base humility; to wince; hence; to make court in a degrading manner; to fawn.

Cringe (v. t.) To contract; to draw together; to cause to shrink or wrinkle; to distort.

Cringe (n.) Servile civility; fawning; a shrinking or bowing, as in fear or servility.

Cringeling (n.) One who cringes meanly; a fawner.

Cringer (n.) One who cringes.

Cringingly (adv.) In a cringing manner.

Cringle (n.) A withe for fastening a gate.

Cringle (n.) An iron or pope thimble or grommet worked into or attached to the edges and corners of a sail; -- usually in the plural. The cringles are used for making fast the bowline bridles, earings, etc.

Crinicultural (a.) Relating to the growth of hair.

Crinigerous (a.) Bearing hair; hairy.

Crinital (a.) Same as Crinite, 1.

Crinite (a.) Having the appearance of a tuft of hair; having a hairlike tail or train.

Crinite (a.) Bearded or tufted with hairs.

Crinitory (a.) Of or relating to hair; as, a crinitory covering.

Crinkled (imp. & p. p.) of Crinkle

Crinkling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crinkle

Crinkle (v. t.) To form with short turns, bends, or wrinkles; to mold into inequalities or sinuosities; to cause to wrinkle or curl.

Crinkle (v. i.) To turn or wind; to run in and out in many short bends or turns; to curl; to run in waves; to wrinkle; also, to rustle, as stiff cloth when moved.

Crinkle (n.) A winding or turn; wrinkle; sinuosity.

Crinkled (a.) Having short bends, turns, or wrinkles; wrinkled; wavy; zigzag.

Crinkly (a.) Having crinkles; wavy; wrinkly.

Crinoid (a.) Crinoidal.

Crinoid (n.) One of the Crinoidea.

Crinoidal (a.) Of pertaining to crinoids; consisting of, or containing, crinoids.

Crinoidea (n. pl.) A large class of Echinodermata, including numerous extinct families and genera, but comparatively few living ones. Most of the fossil species, like some that are recent, were attached by a jointed stem. See Blastoidea, Cystoidea, Comatula.

Crinoidean (n.) One of the Crinoidea.

Crinoline (n.) A kind of stiff cloth, used chiefly by women, for underskirts, to expand the gown worn over it; -- so called because originally made of hair.

Crinoline (n.) A lady's skirt made of any stiff material; latterly, a hoop skirt.

Crinose (a.) Hairy.

Crinosity (n.) Hairiness.

Crinum (n.) A genus of bulbous plants, of the order Amaryllidace/, cultivated as greenhouse plants on account of their beauty.

Criosphinx (n.) A sphinx with the head of a ram.

Cripple (n.) One who creeps, halts, or limps; one who has lost, or never had, the use of a limb or limbs; a lame person; hence, one who is partially disabled.

Cripple (a.) Lame; halting.

Crippled (imp. & p. p.) of Cripple

Crippling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cripple

Cripple (v. t.) To deprive of the use of a limb, particularly of a leg or foot; to lame.

Cripple (v. t.) To deprive of strength, activity, or capability for service or use; to disable; to deprive of resources; as, to be financially crippled.

Crippled (a.) Lamed; lame; disabled; impeded.

Crippleness (n.) Lameness.

Crippler (n.) A wooden tool used in graining leather.

Crippling (n.) Spars or timbers set up as a support against the side of a building.

Cripply (a.) Lame; disabled; in a crippled condition.

Crises (pl. ) of Crisis

Crisis (n.) The point of time when it is to be decided whether any affair or course of action must go on, or be modified or terminate; the decisive moment; the turning point.

Crisis (n.) That change in a disease which indicates whether the result is to be recovery or death; sometimes, also, a striking change of symptoms attended by an outward manifestation, as by an eruption or sweat.

Crisp (a.) Curling in stiff curls or ringlets; as, crisp hair.

Crisp (a.) Curled with the ripple of the water.

Crisp (a.) Brittle; friable; in a condition to break with a short, sharp fracture; as, crisp snow.

Crisp (a.) Possessing a certain degree of firmness and freshness; in a fresh, unwilted condition.

Crisp (a.) Lively; sparking; effervescing.

Crisp (a.) Brisk; crackling; cheerful; lively.

Crisped (imp. & p. p.) of Crisp

Crisping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crisp

Crisp (a.) To curl; to form into ringlets, as hair, or the nap of cloth; to interweave, as the branches of trees.

Crisp (a.) To cause to undulate irregularly, as crape or water; to wrinkle; to cause to ripple. Cf. Crimp.

Crisp (a.) To make crisp or brittle, as in cooking.

Crisp (v. i.) To undulate or ripple. Cf. Crisp, v. t.

Crisp (n.) That which is crisp or brittle; the state of being crisp or brittle; as, burned to a crisp; specifically, the rind of roasted pork; crackling.

Crispate (a.) Alt. of Crispated

Crispated (a.) Having a crisped appearance; irregularly curled or twisted.

Crispation (n.) The act or process of curling, or the state of being curled.

Crispation (n.) A very slight convulsive or spasmodic contraction of certain muscles, external or internal.

Crispature (n.) The state of being crispate.

Crisper (n.) One who, or that which, crisps or curls; an instrument for making little curls in the nap of cloth, as in chinchilla.

Crispin (n.) A shoemaker; -- jocularly so called from the patron saint of the craft.

Crispin (n.) A member of a union or association of shoemakers.

Crisply (adv.) In a crisp manner.

Crispness (n.) The state or quality of being crisp.

Crispy (a.) Formed into short, close ringlets; frizzed; crisp; as, crispy locks.

Crispy (a.) Crisp; brittle; as, a crispy pie crust.

Crissal (a.) Pertaining to the crissum; as, crissal feathers.

Crissal (a.) Having highly colored under tail coverts; as, the crissal thrasher.

Crisscross (n.) A mark or cross, as the signature of a person who is unable to write.

Crisscross (n.) A child's game played on paper or on a slate, consisting of lines arranged in the form of a cross.

Crisscross (v. t.) To mark or cover with cross lines; as, a paper was crisscrossed with red marks.

Crisscross (adv.) In opposite directions; in a way to cross something else; crossing one another at various angles and in various ways.

Crisscross (adv.) With opposition or hindrance; at cross purposes; contrarily; as, things go crisscross.

Crisscross-row (n.) See Christcross-row.

Crissa (pl. ) of Crissum

Crissum (n.) That part of a bird, or the feathers, surrounding the cloacal opening; the under tail coverts.

Cristate (a.) Crested.

Criteria (pl. ) of Criterion

Criterions (pl. ) of Criterion

Criterion (n.) A standard of judging; any approved or established rule or test, by which facts, principles opinions, and conduct are tried in forming a correct judgment respecting them.

Crith (n.) The unit for estimating the weight of a/riform substances; -- the weight of a liter of hydrogen at 0/ centigrade, and with a tension of 76 centimeters of mercury. It is 0.0896 of a gram, or 1.38274 grains.

Crithomancu (n.) A kind of divination by means of the dough of the cakes offered in the ancient sacrifices, and the meal strewed over the victims.

Critic (n.) One skilled in judging of the merits of literary or artistic works; a connoisseur; an adept; hence, one who examines literary or artistic works, etc., and passes judgment upon them; a reviewer.

Critic (n.) One who passes a rigorous or captious judgment; one who censures or finds fault; a harsh examiner or judge; a caviler; a carper.

Critic (n.) The art of criticism.

Critic (n.) An act of criticism; a critique.

Critic (a.) Of or pertaining to critics or criticism; critical.

Critic (v. i.) To criticise; to play the critic.

Critical (n.) Qualified to criticise, or pass judgment upon, literary or artistic productions.

Critical (n.) Pertaining to criticism or the critic's art; of the nature of a criticism; accurate; as, critical knowledge; a critical dissertation.

Critical (n.) Inclined to make nice distinctions, or to exercise careful judgment and selection; exact; nicely judicious.

Critical (n.) Inclined to criticise or find fault; fastidious; captious; censorious; exacting.

Critical (n.) Characterized by thoroughness and a reference to principles, as becomes a critic; as, a critical analysis of a subject.

Critical (n.) Pertaining to, or indicating, a crisis, turning point, or specially important juncture; important as regards consequences; hence, of doubtful issue; attended with risk; dangerous; as, the critical stage of a fever; a critical situation.

Critically (adv.) In a critical manner; with nice discernment; accurately; exactly.

Critically (adv.) At a crisis; at a critical time; in a situation, place, or condition of decisive consequence; as, a fortification critically situated.

Criticalness (n.) The state or quality of being critical, or of occurring at a critical time.

Criticalness (n.) Accuracy in examination or decision; exactness.

Criticaster (n.) A contemptible or vicious critic.

Criticisable (a.) Capable of being criticised.

Criticised (imp. & p. p.) of Criticise

Criticising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Criticise

Criticise (v. t.) To examine and judge as a critic; to pass literary or artistic judgment upon; as, to criticise an author; to criticise a picture.

Criticise (v. t.) To express one's views as to the merit or demerit of; esp., to animadvert upon; to find fault with; as, to criticise conduct.

Criticise (v. i.) To act as a critic; to pass literary or artistic judgment; to play the critic; -- formerly used with on or upon.

Criticise (v. i.) To discuss the merits or demerits of a thing or person; esp., to find fault.

Criticiser (n.) One who criticises; a critic.

Criticism (n.) The rules and principles which regulate the practice of the critic; the art of judging with knowledge and propriety of the beauties and faults of a literary performance, or of a production in the fine arts; as, dramatic criticism.

Criticism (n.) The act of criticising; a critical judgment passed or expressed; a critical observation or detailed examination and review; a critique; animadversion; censure.

Critique (n.) The art of criticism.

Critique (n.) A critical examination or estimate of a work of literature or art; a critical dissertation or essay; a careful and through analysis of any subject; a criticism; as, Kant's "Critique of Pure Reason."

Critique (n.) A critic; one who criticises.

Critique (v.) To criticise or pass judgment upon.

Crizzel (n.) A kind of roughness on the surface of glass, which clouds its transparency.

Croaked (imp. & p. p.) of Croak

Croaking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Croak

Croak (v. i.) To make a low, hoarse noise in the throat, as a frog, a raven, or a crow; hence, to make any hoarse, dismal sound.

Croak (v. i.) To complain; especially, to grumble; to forebode evil; to utter complaints or forebodings habitually.

Croak (v. t.) To utter in a low, hoarse voice; to announce by croaking; to forebode; as, to croak disaster.

Croak (n.) The coarse, harsh sound uttered by a frog or a raven, or a like sound.

Croaker (n.) One who croaks, murmurs, grumbles, or complains unreasonably; one who habitually forebodes evil.

Croaker (n.) A small American fish (Micropogon undulatus), of the Atlantic coast.

Croaker (n.) An American fresh-water fish (Aplodinotus grunniens); -- called also drum.

Croaker (n.) The surf fish of California.

Croat (n.) A native of Croatia, in Austria; esp., one of the native Slavic race.

Croat (n.) An irregular soldier, generally from Croatia.

Croatian (a.) Of or pertaining to Croatia.

Croatian (n.) A Croat.

Crocein (n.) A name given to any one of several yellow or scarlet dyestuffs of artificial production and complex structure. In general they are diazo and sulphonic acid derivatives of benzene and naphthol.

Croceous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or like, saffron; deep reddish yellow.

Crocetin (n.) A dyestuff, obtained from the Chinese crocin, which produces a brilliant yellow.

Croche (n.) A little bud or knob at the top of a deer's antler.

Crochet (n.) A kind of knitting done by means of a hooked needle, with worsted, silk, or cotton; crochet work. Commonly used adjectively.

Crocheted (imp. & p. p.) of Crochet

Crocheting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crochet

Crochet (v. t. & i.) To knit with a crochet needle or hook; as, to crochet a shawl.

Crociary (n.) One who carries the cross before an archbishop.

Crocidolite (n.) A mineral occuring in silky fibers of a lavender blue color. It is related to hornblende and is essentially a silicate of iron and soda; -- called also blue asbestus. A silicified form, in which the fibers penetrating quartz are changed to oxide of iron, is the yellow brown tiger-eye of the jewelers.

Crocin (n.) The coloring matter of Chinese yellow pods, the fruit of Gardenia grandiflora.

Crocin (n.) A red powder (called also polychroite), which is made from the saffron (Crocus sativus). See Polychroite.

Crock (n.) The loose black particles collected from combustion, as on pots and kettles, or in a chimney; soot; smut; also, coloring matter which rubs off from cloth.

Crocked (imp. & p. p.) of Crock

Crocking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crock

Crock (v. t.) To soil by contact, as with soot, or with the coloring matter of badly dyed cloth.

Crock (v. i.) To give off crock or smut.

Crock (n.) A low stool.

Crock (n.) Any piece of crockery, especially of coarse earthenware; an earthen pot or pitcher.

Crock (v. t.) To lay up in a crock; as, to crock butter.

Crocker (n.) A potter.

Crockery (n.) Earthenware; vessels formed of baked clay, especially the coarser kinds.

Crocket (n.) An ornament often resembling curved and bent foliage, projecting from the sloping edge of a gable, spire, etc.

Crocket (n.) A croche, or knob, on the top of a stag's antler.

Crocketed (a.) Ornamented with crockets.

Crocketing (n.) Ornamentation with crockets.

Crocky (a.) Smutty.

Crocodile (n.) A large reptile of the genus Crocodilus, of several species. They grow to the length of sixteen or eighteen feet, and inhabit the large rivers of Africa, Asia, and America. The eggs, laid in the sand, are hatched by the sun's heat. The best known species is that of the Nile (C. vulgaris, or C. Niloticus). The Florida crocodile (C. Americanus) is much less common than the alligator and has longer jaws. The name is also sometimes applied to the species of other related genera, as the gavial and the alligator.

Crocodile (n.) A fallacious dilemma, mythically supposed to have been first used by a crocodile.

Crocodilia (n. pl.) An order of reptiles including the crocodiles, gavials, alligators, and many extinct kinds.

Crocodilian (a.) Like, or pertaining to, the crocodile; characteristic of the crocodile.

Crocodilian (n.) One of the Crocodilia.

Crocodility (n.) A caption or sophistical mode of arguing.

Crocoisite (n.) Same as Crocoite.

Crocoite (n.) Lead chromate occuring in crystals of a bright hyacinth red color; -- called also red lead ore.

Croconate (n.) A salt formed by the union of croconic acid with a base.

Croconic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling saffron; having the color of saffron; as, croconic acid.

Croconic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, croconic acid.

Crocose (n.) A white crystalline sugar, metameric with glucose, obtained from the coloring matter of saffron.

Crocus (n.) A genus of iridaceous plants, with pretty blossoms rising separately from the bulb or corm. C. vernus is one of the earliest of spring-blooming flowers; C. sativus produces the saffron, and blossoms in the autumn.

Crocus (n.) A deep yellow powder; the oxide of some metal calcined to a red or deep yellow color; esp., the oxide of iron (Crocus of Mars or colcothar) thus produced from salts of iron, and used as a polishing powder.

Croesus (n.) A king of Lydia who flourished in the 6th century b. c., and was renowned for his vast wealth; hence, a common appellation for a very rich man; as, he is a veritable Croesus.

Croft (n.) A small, inclosed field, adjoining a house; a small farm.

Crofter (n.) One who rents and tills a small farm or helding; as, the crofters of Scotland.

Crefting (n.) Croftland.

Crefting (n.) Exposing linen to the sun, on the grass, in the process of bleaching.

Croftland (n.) Land of superior quality, on which successive crops are raised.

Crois (n.) See Cross, n.

Croisade (n.) Alt. of Croisado

Croisado (n.) A holy war; a crusade.

Croise (n.) A pilgrim bearing or wearing a cross.

Croise (n.) A crusader.

Croissante (a.) Terminated with crescent; -- said of a cross the ends of which are so terminated.

Croker (n.) A cultivator of saffron; a dealer in saffron.

Croma (n.) A quaver.

Cromlech (n.) A monument of rough stones composed of one or more large ones supported in a horizontal position upon others. They are found chiefly in countries inhabited by the ancient Celts, and are of a period anterior to the introduction of Christianity into these countries.

Cromorna (n.) A certain reed stop in the organ, of a quality of tone resembling that of the oboe.

Crone (n.) An old ewe.

Crone (n.) An old woman; -- usually in contempt.

Crone (n.) An old man; especially, a man who talks and acts like an old woman.

Cronel (n.) The iron head of a tilting spear.

Cronet (n.) The coronet of a horse.

Cronian (a.) Saturnian; -- applied to the North Polar Sea.

Cronstedtite (n.) A mineral consisting principally of silicate of iron, and crystallizing in hexagonal prisms with perfect basal cleavage; -- so named from the Swedish mineralogist Cronstedt.

Cronies (pl. ) of Crony

Crony (n.) A crone.

Crony (n.) An intimate companion; a familiar frend

Croodle (v. i.) To cower or cuddle together, as from fear or cold; to lie close and snug together, as pigs in straw.

Croodle (v. i.) To fawn or coax.

Croodle (v. i.) To coo.

Crook (n.) A bend, turn, or curve; curvature; flexure.

Crook (n.) Any implement having a bent or crooked end.

Crook (n.) The staff used by a shepherd, the hook of which serves to hold a runaway sheep.

Crook (n.) A bishop's staff of office. Cf. Pastoral staff.

Crook (n.) A pothook.

Crook (n.) An artifice; trick; tricky device; subterfuge.

Crook (n.) A small tube, usually curved, applied to a trumpet, horn, etc., to change its pitch or key.

Crook (n.) A person given to fraudulent practices; an accomplice of thieves, forgers, etc.

Crooked (imp. & p. p.) of Crook

Crooking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crook

Crook (n.) To turn from a straight line; to bend; to curve.

Crook (n.) To turn from the path of rectitude; to pervert; to misapply; to twist.

Crook (v. i.) To bend; to curve; to wind; to have a curvature.

Crookback (n.) A crooked back; one who has a crooked or deformed back; a hunchback.

Crookack (a.) Hunched.

Crookbill (n.) A New Zealand plover (Anarhynchus frontalis), remarkable for having the end of the beak abruptly bent to the right.

Crooked (a.) Characterized by a crook or curve; not straight; turning; bent; twisted; deformed.

Crooked (a.) Not straightforward; deviating from rectitude; distorted from the right.

Crooked (a.) False; dishonest; fraudulent; as, crooked dealings.

Crookedly (adv.) In a curved or crooked manner; in a perverse or untoward manner.

Crookedness (n.) The condition or quality of being crooked; hence, deformity of body or of mind; deviation from moral rectitude; perverseness.

Crooken (v. t.) To make crooked.

Crookes tube () A vacuum tube in which the exhaustion is carried to a very high degree, with the production of a distinct class of effects; -- so called from W. Crookes who introduced it.

Croon (v. i.) To make a continuous hollow moan, as cattle do when in pain.

Croon (v. i.) To hum or sing in a low tone; to murmur softly.

Crooned (imp. & p. p.) of Croon

Crooning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Croon

Croon (v. t.) To sing in a low tone, as if to one's self; to hum.

Croon (v. t.) To soothe by singing softly.

Croon (n.) A low, continued moan; a murmur.

Croon (n.) A low singing; a plain, artless melody.

Crop (n.) The pouchlike enlargement of the gullet of birds, serving as a receptacle for food; the craw.

Crop (n.) The top, end, or highest part of anything, especially of a plant or tree.

Crop (n.) That which is cropped, cut, or gathered from a single felld, or of a single kind of grain or fruit, or in a single season; especially, the product of what is planted in the earth; fruit; harvest.

Crop (n.) Grain or other product of the field while standing.

Crop (n.) Anything cut off or gathered.

Crop (n.) Hair cut close or short, or the act or style of so cutting; as, a convict's crop.

Crop (n.) A projecting ornament in carved stone. Specifically, a finial.

Crop (n.) Tin ore prepared for smelting.

Crop (n.) Outcrop of a vein or seam at the surface.

Crop (n.) A riding whip with a loop instead of a lash.

Cropped (imp. & p. p.) of Crop

Cropping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crop

Crop (v. t.) To cut off the tops or tips of; to bite or pull off; to browse; to pluck; to mow; to reap.

Crop (v. t.) Fig.: To cut off, as if in harvest.

Crop (v. t.) To cause to bear a crop; as, to crop a field.

Crop (v. i.) To yield harvest.

Crop-ear (n.) A person or animal whose ears are cropped.

Crop-eared (a.) Having the ears cropped.

Cropful (a.) Having a full crop or belly; satiated.

Cropper (n.) One that crops.

Cropper (n.) A variety of pigeon with a large crop; a pouter.

Cropper (n.) A machine for cropping, as for shearing off bolts or rod iron, or for facing cloth.

Cropper (n.) A fall on one's head when riding at full speed, as in hunting; hence, a sudden failure or collapse.

Cropsick (a.) Sick from excess in eating or drinking.

Crop-tailed (a.) Having the tail cropped.

Croquet (n.) An open-air game in which two or more players endeavor to drive wooden balls, by means of mallets, through a series of hoops or arches set in the ground according to some pattern.

Croquet (n.) The act of croqueting.

Croqueted (imp. & p. p.) of Croquet

Croqueting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Croquet

Croquet (v. t.) In the game of croquet, to drive away an opponent's ball, after putting one's own in contact with it, by striking one's own ball with the mallet.

Cro-quette (n.) A ball of minced meat, fowl, rice, or other ingredients, highly seasoned, and fried.

Crore (n.) Ten millions; as, a crore of rupees (which is nearly $5,000,000).

Crosier (n.) The pastoral staff of a bishop (also of an archbishop, being the symbol of his office as a shepherd of the flock of God.

Crosiered (a.) Bearing a crosier.

Croslet (n.) See Crosslet.

Cross (n.) A gibbet, consisting of two pieces of timber placed transversely upon one another, in various forms, as a T, or +, with the horizontal piece below the upper end of the upright, or as an X. It was anciently used in the execution of criminals.

Cross (n.) The sign or mark of the cross, made with the finger, or in ink, etc., or actually represented in some material; the symbol of Christ's death; the ensign and chosen symbol of Christianity, of a Christian people, and of Christendom.

Cross (n.) Affiction regarded as a test of patience or virtue; trial; disappointment; opposition; misfortune.

Cross (n.) A piece of money stamped with the figure of a cross, also, that side of such a piece on which the cross is stamped; hence, money in general.

Cross (n.) An appendage or ornament or anything in the form of a cross; a badge or ornamental device of the general shape of a cross; hence, such an ornament, even when varying considerably from that form; thus, the Cross of the British Order of St. George and St. Michael consists of a central medallion with seven arms radiating from it.

Cross (n.) A monument in the form of a cross, or surmounted by a cross, set up in a public place; as, a market cross; a boundary cross; Charing Cross in London.

Cross (n.) A common heraldic bearing, of which there are many varieties. See the Illustration, above.

Cross (n.) The crosslike mark or symbol used instead of a signature by those unable to write.

Cross (n.) Church lands.

Cross (n.) A line drawn across or through another line.

Cross (n.) A mixing of breeds or stock, especially in cattle breeding; or the product of such intermixture; a hybrid of any kind.

Cross (n.) An instrument for laying of offsets perpendicular to the main course.

Cross (n.) A pipe-fitting with four branches the axes of which usually form's right angle.

Cross (a.) Not parallel; lying or falling athwart; transverse; oblique; intersecting.

Cross (a.) Not accordant with what is wished or expected; interrupting; adverse; contrary; thwarting; perverse.

Cross (a.) Characterized by, or in a state of, peevishness, fretfulness, or ill humor; as, a cross man or woman.

Cross (a.) Made in an opposite direction, or an inverse relation; mutually inverse; interchanged; as, cross interrogatories; cross marriages, as when a brother and sister marry persons standing in the same relation to each other.

Cross (prep.) Athwart; across.

Crossed (imp. & p. p.) of Cross

Crossing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cross

Cross (v. t.) To put across or athwart; to cause to intersect; as, to cross the arms.

Cross (v. t.) To lay or draw something, as a line, across; as, to cross the letter t.

Cross (v. t.) To pass from one side to the other of; to pass or move over; to traverse; as, to cross a stream.

Cross (v. t.) To pass, as objects going in an opposite direction at the same time.

Cross (v. t.) To run counter to; to thwart; to obstruct; to hinder; to clash or interfere with.

Cross (v. t.) To interfere and cut off; to debar.

Cross (v. t.) To make the sign of the cross upon; -- followed by the reflexive pronoun; as, he crossed himself.

Cross (v. t.) To cancel by marking crosses on or over, or drawing a line across; to erase; -- usually with out, off, or over; as, to cross out a name.

Cross (v. t.) To cause to interbreed; -- said of different stocks or races; to mix the breed of.

Cross (v. i.) To lie or be athwart.

Cross (v. i.) To move or pass from one side to the other, or from place to place; to make a transit; as, to cross from New York to Liverpool.

Cross (v. i.) To be inconsistent.

Cross (v. i.) To interbreed, as races; to mix distinct breeds.

Cross-armed (a.) With arms crossed.

Cross-banded (a.) A term used when a narrow ribbon of veneer is inserted into the surface of any piece of furniture, wainscoting, etc., so that the grain of it is contrary to the general surface.

Crossbar (n.) A transverse bar or piece, as a bar across a door, or as the iron bar or stock which passes through the shank of an anchor to insure its turning fluke down.

Crossbarred (a.) Secured by, or furnished with, crossbars.

Crossbarred (a.) Made or patterned in lines crossing each other; as, crossbarred muslin.

Crossbeak (n.) Same as Crossbill.

Crossbeam (n.) A girder.

Crossbeam (n.) A beam laid across the bitts, to which the cable is fastened when riding at anchor.

Cross-bearer (n.) A subdeacon who bears a cross before an archbishop or primate on solemn occasions.

Crossbill () A bill brought by a defendant, in an equity or chancery suit, against the plaintiff, respecting the matter in question in that suit.

Crossbill (n.) A bird of the genus Loxia, allied to the finches. Their mandibles are strongly curved and cross each other; the crossbeak.

Cross-birth (n.) Any preternatural labor, in which the body of the child lies across the pelvis of the mother, so that the shoulder, arm, or trunk is the part first presented at the mouth of the uterus.

Crossbite (n.) A deception; a cheat.

Crossbite (b. t.) To deceive; to trick; to gull.

Crossbones (n. pl.) A representation of two of the leg bones or arm bones of a skeleton, laid crosswise, often surmounted with a skull, and serving as a symbol of death.

Crossbow (n.) A weapon, used in discharging arrows, formed by placing a bow crosswise on a stock.

Crossbower (n.) A crossbowman.

Crossbowman (n.) One who shoots with a crossbow. See Arbalest.

Crossbred (a.) Produced by mixing distinct breeds; mongrel.

Crossbreed (n.) A breed or an animal produced from parents of different breeds; a new variety, as of plants, combining the qualities of two parent varieties or stocks.

Crossbreed (n.) Anything partaking of the natures of two different things; a hybrid.

Cross-bun (n.) A bun or cake marked with a cross, and intended to be eaten on Good Friday.

Cross-crosslet (n.) A cross having the three upper ends crossed, so as to from three small crosses.

Crosscut (v. t.) To cut across or through; to intersect.

Crosscut (n.) A short cut across; a path shorter than by the high road.

Crosscut (n.) A level driven across the course of a vein, or across the main workings, as from one gangway to another.

Cross-days (n. pl.) The three days preceding the Feast of the Ascension.

Crossette (n.) A return in one of the corners of the architrave of a door or window; -- called also ancon, ear, elbow.

Crossette (n.) The shoulder of a joggled keystone.

Cross-examination (n.) The interrogating or questioning of a witness by the party against whom he has been called and examined. See Examination.

Cross-examined (imp. & p. p.) of Cross-examine

Cross-examining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cross-examine

Cross-examine (v. t.) To examine or question, as a witness who has been called and examined by the opposite party.

Cross-examiner (n.) One who cross-examines or conducts a crosse-examination.

Cross-eye (n.) See Strabismus.

Cross-eyed (a.) Affected with strabismus; squint-eyed; squinting.

Crossfish (n.) A starfish.

Crossflow (v. i.) To flow across, or in a contrary direction.

Cross-garnet (n.) A hinge having one strap perpendicular and the other strap horizontal giving it the form of an Egyptian or T cross.

Crossgrained (a.) Having the grain or fibers run diagonally, or more or less transversely an irregularly, so as to interfere with splitting or planing.

Crossgrained (a.) Perverse; untractable; contrary.

Crossnath (v. t.) To shade by means of crosshatching.

Crosshatching (n.) In drawing and line engraving, shading with lines that cross one another at an angle.

Crosshead (n.) A beam or bar across the head or end of a rod, etc., or a block attached to it and carrying a knuckle pin; as the solid crosspiece running between parallel slides, which receives motion from the piston of a steam engine and imparts it to the connecting rod, which is hinged to the crosshead.

Crossing (v. t.) The act by which anything is crossed; as, the crossing of the ocean.

Crossing (v. t.) The act of making the sign of the cross.

Crossing (v. t.) The act of interbreeding; a mixing of breeds.

Crossing (v. t.) Intersection, as of two paths or roads.

Crossing (v. t.) A place where anything (as a stream) is crossed; a paved walk across a street.

Crossing (v. t.) Contradiction; thwarting; obstruction.

Crossjack (n.) The lowest square sail, or the lower yard of the mizzenmast.

CRosslegged (a.) Having the legs crossed.

Crosslet (n.) A small cross.

Crosslet (n.) A crucible.

Crosslet (a.) Crossed again; -- said of a cross the arms of which are crossed. SeeCross-crosslet.

Crossly (adv.) Athwart; adversely; unfortunately; peevishly; fretfully; with ill humor.

Crossness (n.) The quality or state of being cross; peevishness; fretfulness; ill humor.

Crossopterygian (a.) Of or pertaining to the Crossopterygii.

Crossopterygian (n.) One of the Crossopterygii.

Crossopterygii (n. pl.) An order of ganoid fishes including among living species the bichir (Polypterus). See Brachioganoidei.

Crosspatch (n.) An ill-natured person.

Cross-pawl (n.) Same as Cross-spale.

Crosspiece (n.) A piece of any structure which is fitted or framed crosswise.

Crosspiece (n.) A bar or timber connecting two knightheads or two bitts.

Cross-purpose (n.) A counter or opposing purpose; hence, that which is inconsistent or contradictory.

Cross-purpose (n.) A conversational game, in which questions and answers are made so as to involve ludicrous combinations of ideas.

Cross-questioned (imp. & p. p.) of Cross-question

Cross-questioning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cross-question

Cross-question (v. t.) To cross-examine; to subject to close questioning.

Cross-reading (n.) The reading of the lines of a newspaper directly across the page, instead of down the columns, thus producing a ludicrous combination of ideas.

Crossroad (n.) A road that crosses another; an obscure road intersecting or avoiding the main road.

Crossrow (n.) The alphabet; -- called also Christcross-row.

Crossrow (n.) A row that crosses others.

Crossruff (n.) The play in whist where partners trump each a different suit, and lead to each other for that purpose; -- called also seesaw.

Cross-spale (n.) Alt. of Cross-spall

Cross-spall (n.) One of the temporary wooden braces, placed horizontally across a frame to hold it in position until the deck beams are in; a cross-pawl.

Cross-springer (n.) One of the ribs in a groined arch, springing from the corners in a diagonal direction. [See Illustr. of Groined vault.]

Cross-staff (n.) An instrument formerly used at sea for taking the altitudes of celestial bodies.

Cross-staff (n.) A surveyor's instrument for measuring offsets.

Cross-stitch (n.) A form of stitch, where the stitches are diagonal and in pairs, the thread of one stitch crossing that of the other.

Cross-stone (n.) See Harmotome, and Staurotide.

Cross-tail (n.) A bar connecting the ends of the side rods or levers of a backaction or side-lever engine.

Cross-tie (n.) A sleeper supporting and connecting the rails, and holding them in place.

Cross-tining (n.) A mode of harrowing crosswise, or transversely to the ridges.

Crosstrees (n. pl.) Pieces of timber at a masthead, to which are attached the upper shrouds. At the head of lower masts in large vessels, they support a semicircular platform called the "top."

Cross-vaulting (n.) Vaulting formed by the intersection of two or more simple vaults.

Crossway (n.) See Crossroad.

Cross-week (n.) Rogation week, when the cross was borne in processions.

Crosswise (adv.) In the form of a cross; across; transversely.

Crosswort (n.) A name given to several inconspicuous plants having leaves in whorls of four, as species of Crucianella, Valantia, etc.

Crotalaria (n.) A genus of leguminous plants; rattlebox.

Crotaline (a.) Resembling, or pertaining to, the Crotalidae, or Rattlesnake family.

Crotalo (n.) A Turkish musical instrument.

Crotalum (n.) A kind of castanet used by the Corybantes.

Crotalus (n.) A genus of poisonous serpents, including the rattlesnakes.

Crotaphite (n.) The temple or temporal fossa. Also used adjectively.

Crotaphitic (n.) Pertaining to the temple; temporal.

Crotches (pl. ) of Crotch

Crotch (n.) The angle formed by the parting of two legs or branches; a fork; the point where a trunk divides; as, the crotch of a tree.

Crotch (n.) A stanchion or post of wood or iron, with two arms for supporting a boom, spare yards, etc.; -- called also crane and crutch.

Crotched (a.) Having a crotch; forked.

Crotched (a.) Cross; peevish.

Crotchet (n.) A forked support; a crotch.

Crotchet (n.) A time note, with a stem, having one fourth the value of a semibreve, one half that of a minim, and twice that of a quaver; a quarter note.

Crotchet (n.) An indentation in the glacis of the covered way, at a point where a traverse is placed.

Crotchet (n.) The arrangement of a body of troops, either forward or rearward, so as to form a line nearly perpendicular to the general line of battle.

Crotchet (n.) A bracket. See Bracket.

Crotchet (n.) An instrument of a hooked form, used in certain cases in the extraction of a fetus.

Crotchet (n.) A perverse fancy; a whim which takes possession of the mind; a conceit.

Crotchet (v. i.) To play music in measured time.

Crotcheted (a.) Marked or measured by crotchets; having musical notation.

Crotchetiness (n.) The state or character of being crotchety, or whimsical.

Crotchety (a.) Given to crotchets; subject to whims; as, a crotchety man.

Croton (n.) A genus of euphorbiaceous plants belonging to tropical countries.

Croton bug () A small, active, winged species of cockroach (Ectobia Germanica), the water bug. It is common aboard ships, and in houses in cities, esp. in those with hot-water pipes.

Crotonic (a.) Of or pertaining to, or derived from, a plant of the genus Croton, or from croton oil.

Crotonine (n.) A supposed alkaloid obtained from croton oil by boiling it with water and magnesia, since found to be merely a magnesia soap of the oil.

Crotonylene (n.) A colorless, volatile, pungent liquid, C4H6, produced artificially, and regarded as an unsaturated hydrocarbon of the acetylene series, and analogous to crotonic acid.

Crottles (n. pl.) A name given to various lichens gathered for dyeing.

Crouched (imp. & p. p.) of Crouch

Crouching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crouch

Crouch (v. i.) To bend down; to stoop low; to lie close to the ground with the logs bent, as an animal when waiting for prey, or in fear.

Crouch (v. i.) To bend servilely; to stoop meanly; to fawn; to cringe.

Crouch (v. t.) To sign with the cross; to bless.

Crouch (v. t.) To bend, or cause to bend, as in humility or fear.

Crouched (a.) Marked with the sign of the cross.

Croud (n.) See Crowd, a violin.

Crouke (n.) A crock; a jar.

Croup (n.) The hinder part or buttocks of certain quadrupeds, especially of a horse; hence, the place behind the saddle.

Croup (n.) An inflammatory affection of the larynx or trachea, accompanied by a hoarse, ringing cough and stridulous, difficult breathing; esp., such an affection when associated with the development of a false membrane in the air passages (also called membranous croup). See False croup, under False, and Diphtheria.

Croupade (n.) A leap in which the horse pulls up his hind legs toward his belly.

Croupal (a.) Croupy.

Crouper (n.) See Crupper.

Croupier (n.) One who presides at a gaming table and collects the stakes.

Croupier (n.) One who, at a public dinner party, sits at the lower end of the table as assistant chairman.

Croupous (a.) Relating to or resembling croup; especially, attended with the formation of a deposit or membrane like that found in membranous croup; as, croupous laryngitis.

Croupy (a.) Of or pertaining to croup; resembling or indicating croup; as, a croupy cough.

Crouse (a.) Brisk; lively; bold; self-complacent.

Croustade (n.) Bread baked in a mold, and scooped out, to serve minces upon.

Crout (n.) See Sourkrout.

Crouton (n.) Bread cut in various forms, and fried lightly in butter or oil, to garnish hashes, etc.

Crew (imp.) of Crow

Crowed () of Crow

Crowed (p. p.) of Crow

Crown () of Crow

Crowing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crow

Crow (v. i.) To make the shrill sound characteristic of a cock, either in joy, gayety, or defiance.

Crow (v. i.) To shout in exultation or defiance; to brag.

Crow (v. i.) To utter a sound expressive of joy or pleasure.

Crow (v. i.) A bird, usually black, of the genus Corvus, having a strong conical beak, with projecting bristles. It has a harsh, croaking note. See Caw.

Crow (v. i.) A bar of iron with a beak, crook, or claw; a bar of iron used as a lever; a crowbar.

Crow (v. i.) The cry of the cock. See Crow, v. i., 1.

Crow (v. i.) The mesentery of a beast; -- so called by butchers.

Crowbar (n.) A bar of iron sharpened at one end, and used as a lever.

Crowberry (n.) A heathlike plant of the genus Empetrum, and its fruit, a black, scarcely edible berry; -- also called crakeberry.

Crowded (imp. & p. p.) of Crowd

Crowding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crowd

Crowd (v. t.) To push, to press, to shove.

Crowd (v. t.) To press or drive together; to mass together.

Crowd (v. t.) To fill by pressing or thronging together; hence, to encumber by excess of numbers or quantity.

Crowd (v. t.) To press by solicitation; to urge; to dun; hence, to treat discourteously or unreasonably.

Crowd (v. i.) To press together or collect in numbers; to swarm; to throng.

Crowd (v. i.) To urge or press forward; to force one's self; as, a man crowds into a room.

Crowd (v. t.) A number of things collected or closely pressed together; also, a number of things adjacent to each other.

Crowd (v. t.) A number of persons congregated or collected into a close body without order; a throng.

Crowd (v. t.) The lower orders of people; the populace; the vulgar; the rabble; the mob.

Crowd (n.) An ancient instrument of music with six strings; a kind of violin, being the oldest known stringed instrument played with a bow.

Crowd (v. t.) To play on a crowd; to fiddle.

Crowder (n.) One who plays on a crowd; a fiddler.

Crowder (n.) One who crowds or pushes.

Crowdy (n.) A thick gruel of oatmeal and milk or water; food of the porridge kind.

Crowflower (n.) A kind of campion; according to Gerarde, the Lychnis Flos-cuculi.

Crowfoot (n.) The genus Ranunculus, of many species; some are common weeds, others are flowering plants of considerable beauty.

Crowfoot (n.) A number of small cords rove through a long block, or euphroe, to suspend an awning by.

Crowfoot (n.) A caltrop.

Crowfoot (n.) A tool with a side claw for recovering broken rods, etc.

Crowkeeper (n.) A person employed to scare off crows; hence, a scarecrow.

Crown () p. p. of Crow.

Crown (n.) A wreath or garland, or any ornamental fillet encircling the head, especially as a reward of victory or mark of honorable distinction; hence, anything given on account of, or obtained by, faithful or successful effort; a reward.

Crown (n.) A royal headdress or cap of sovereignty, worn by emperors, kings, princes, etc.

Crown (n.) The person entitled to wear a regal or imperial crown; the sovereign; -- with the definite article.

Crown (n.) Imperial or regal power or dominion; sovereignty.

Crown (n.) Anything which imparts beauty, splendor, honor, dignity, or finish.

Crown (n.) Highest state; acme; consummation; perfection.

Crown (n.) The topmost part of anything; the summit.

Crown (n.) The topmost part of the head (see Illust. of Bird.); that part of the head from which the hair descends toward the sides and back; also, the head or brain.

Crown (n.) The part of a hat above the brim.

Crown (n.) The part of a tooth which projects above the gum; also, the top or grinding surface of a tooth.

Crown (n.) The vertex or top of an arch; -- applied generally to about one third of the curve, but in a pointed arch to the apex only.

Crown (n.) Same as Corona.

Crown (n.) That part of an anchor where the arms are joined to the shank.

Crown (n.) The rounding, or rounded part, of the deck from a level line.

Crown (n.) The bights formed by the several turns of a cable.

Crown (n.) The upper range of facets in a rose diamond.

Crown (n.) The dome of a furnace.

Crown (n.) The area inclosed between two concentric perimeters.

Crown (n.) A round spot shaved clean on the top of the head, as a mark of the clerical state; the tonsure.

Crown (n.) A size of writing paper. See under Paper.

Crown (n.) A coin stamped with the image of a crown; hence,a denomination of money; as, the English crown, a silver coin of the value of five shillings sterling, or a little more than $1.20; the Danish or Norwegian crown, a money of account, etc., worth nearly twenty-seven cents.

Crown (n.) An ornaments or decoration representing a crown; as, the paper is stamped with a crown.

Crowned (imp. & p. p.) of Crown

Crowning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crown

Crown (n.) To cover, decorate, or invest with a crown; hence, to invest with royal dignity and power.

Crown (n.) To bestow something upon as a mark of honor, dignity, or recompense; to adorn; to dignify.

Crown (n.) To form the topmost or finishing part of; to complete; to consummate; to perfect.

Crown (n.) To cause to round upward; to make anything higher at the middle than at the edges, as the face of a machine pulley.

Crown (n.) To effect a lodgment upon, as upon the crest of the glacis, or the summit of the breach.

Crowned (p. p. & a.) Having or wearing a crown; surmounted, invested, or adorned, with a crown, wreath, garland, etc.; honored; rewarded; completed; consummated; perfected.

Crowned (p. p. & a.) Great; excessive; supreme.

Crowner (n.) One who, or that which, crowns.

Crowner (n.) A coroner.

Crownet (n.) A coronet.

Crownet (n.) The ultimate end and result of an undertaking; a chief end.

Crown-imperial (n.) A spring-blooming plant (Fritillaria imperialis) of the Lily family, having at the top of the stalk a cluster of pendent bell-shaped flowers surmounted with a tuft of green leaves.

Crownless (a.) Without a crown.

Crownlet (n.) A coronet.

Crown office () The criminal branch of the Court of King's or Queen's Bench, commonly called the crown side of the court, which takes cognizance of all criminal cases.

Crownpiece (n.) A piece or part which passes over the head, as in a bridle.

Crownpiece (n.) A coin [In sense (b) properly crown piece.] See Crown, 19.

Crown-post (n.) Same as King-post.

Crown-saw (n.) A saw in the form of a hollow cylinder, with teeth on the end or edge, and operated by a rotative motion.

Crown side () See Crown office.

Crown wheel () A wheel with cogs or teeth set at right angles to its plane; -- called also a contrate wheel or face wheel.

Crownwork (n.) A work consisting of two or more bastioned fronts, with their outworks, covering an enceinte, a bridgehead, etc., and connected by wings with the main work or the river bank.

Crow-quill (n.) A quill of the crow, or a very fine pen made from such a quill.

Crows (n. pl.) A tribe of Indians of the Dakota stock, living in Montana; -- also called Upsarokas.

Crow's-feet (pl. ) of Crow's-foot

Crow's-foot (n.) The wrinkles that appear, as the effect of age or dissipation, under and around the outer corners of the eyes.

Crow's-foot (n.) A caltrop.

Crow's-foot (n.) Same as Bird's-mouth.

Crow-silk (n.) A filamentous fresh-water alga (Conferva rivularis of Linnaeus, Rhizoclonium rivulare of Kutzing).

Crow's-nest (n.) A box or perch near the top of a mast, esp. in whalers, to shelter the man on the lookout.

Crowstep (n.) See Corriestep.

Crowstone (n.) The top stone of the gable end of a house.

Crowth (n.) An ancient musical instrument. See 4th Crowd.

Crowtoe (n.) The Lotus corniculatus.

Crowtoe (n.) An unidentified plant, probably the crowfoot.

Crow-trodden (a.) Marked with crow's-feet, or wrinkles, about the eyes.

Croylstone (n.) Crystallized cawk, in which the crystals are small.

Croys (n.) See Cross, n.

Croze (n.) A cooper's tool for making the grooves for the heads of casks, etc.; also, the groove itself.

Crozier (n.) See Crosier.

Croziered (a.) Crosiered.

Crucial (a.) Having the form of a cross; appertaining to a cross; cruciform; intersecting; as, crucial ligaments; a crucial incision.

Crucial (a.) Severe; trying or searching, as if bringing to the cross; decisive; as, a crucial test.

Crucian carp () A kind of European carp (Carasius vulgaris), inferior to the common carp; -- called also German carp.

Cruciate (a.) Tormented.

Cruciate (a.) Having the leaves or petals arranged in the form of a cross; cruciform.

Cruciate (v. t.) To torture; to torment. [Obs.] See Excruciate.

Cruciation (n.) The act of torturing; torture; torment.

Crucible (n.) A vessel or melting pot, composed of some very refractory substance, as clay, graphite, platinum, and used for melting and calcining substances which require a strong degree of heat, as metals, ores, etc.

Crucible (n.) A hollow place at the bottom of a furnace, to receive the melted metal.

Crucible (n.) A test of the most decisive kind; a severe trial; as, the crucible of affliction.

Crucifer (n.) Any plant of the order Cruciferae.

Cruciferous (a.) Bearing a cross.

Cruciferous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a family of plants which have four petals arranged like the arms of a cross, as the mustard, radish, turnip, etc.

Crucifier (n.) One who crucifies; one who subjects himself or another to a painful trial.

Crucifixes (pl. ) of Crucifix

Crucifix (n.) A representation in art of the figure of Christ upon the cross; esp., the sculptured figure affixed to a real cross of wood, ivory, metal, or the like, used by the Roman Catholics in their devotions.

Crucifix (n.) The cross or religion of Christ.

Crucifixion (n.) The act of nailing or fastening a person to a cross, for the purpose of putting him to death; the use of the cross as a method of capital punishment.

Crucifixion (n.) The state of one who is nailed or fastened to a cross; death upon a cross.

Crucifixion (n.) Intense suffering or affliction; painful trial.

Cruciform (a.) Cross-shaped; (Bot.) having four parts arranged in the form of a cross.

Crucified (imp. & p. p.) of Crucify

Crucifying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crucify

Crucify (v. t.) To fasten to a cross; to put to death by nailing the hands and feet to a cross or gibbet.

Crucify (v. t.) To destroy the power or ruling influence of; to subdue completely; to mortify.

Crucify (v. t.) To vex or torment.

Crucigerous (a.) Bearing the cross; marked with the figure of a cross.

Crud (n.) See Curd.

Cruddle (v. i.) To curdle.

Crude (superl.) In its natural state; not cooked or prepared by fire or heat; undressed; not altered, refined, or prepared for use by any artificial process; raw; as, crude flesh.

Crude (superl.) Unripe; not mature or perfect; immature.

Crude (superl.) Not reduced to order or form; unfinished; not arranged or prepared; ill-considered; immature.

Crude (superl.) Undigested; unconcocted; not brought into a form to give nourishment.

Crude (superl.) Having, or displaying, superficial and undigested knowledge; without culture or profundity; as, a crude reasoner.

Crude (superl.) Harsh and offensive, as a color; tawdry or in bad taste, as a combination of colors, or any design or work of art.

Crudely (adv.) In a crude, immature manner.

Crudeness (n.) A crude, undigested, or unprepared state; rawness; unripeness; immatureness; unfitness for a destined use or purpose; as, the crudeness of iron ore; crudeness of theories or plans.

Crudities (pl. ) of Crudity

Crudity (n.) The condition of being crude; rawness.

Crudity (n.) That which is in a crude or undigested state; hence, superficial, undigested views, not reduced to order or form.

Crudle (v. i.) See Cruddle.

Crudy (a.) Coagulated.

Crudy (a.) Characterized by crudeness; raw.

Cruel (n.) See Crewel.

Cruel (a.) Disposed to give pain to others; willing or pleased to hurt, torment, or afflict; destitute of sympathetic kindness and pity; savage; inhuman; hard-hearted; merciless.

Cruel (a.) Causing, or fitted to cause, pain, grief, or misery.

Cruel (a.) Attended with cruetly; painful; harsh.

Cruelly (adv.) In a cruel manner.

Cruelly (adv.) Extremely; very.

Cruelness (n.) Cruelty.

Cruels (n. pl.) Glandular scrofulous swellings in the neck.

Cruelties (pl. ) of Cruelty

Cruelty (n.) The attribute or quality of being cruel; a disposition to give unnecessary pain or suffering to others; inhumanity; barbarity.

Cruelty (n.) A cruel and barbarous deed; inhuman treatment; the act of willfully causing unnecessary pain.

Cruentate (a.) Smeared with blood.

Cruentous (a.) Bloody; cruentate.

Cruet (n.) A bottle or vessel; esp., a vial or small glass bottle for holding vinegar, oil, pepper, or the like, for the table; a caster.

Cruet (n.) A vessel used to hold wine, oil, or water for the service of the altar.

Cruise (n.) See Cruse, a small bottle.

Cruised (imp. & p. p.) of Cruise

Cruising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cruise

Cruise (v. i.) To sail back and forth on the ocean; to sail, as for the potection of commerce, in search of an enemy, for plunder, or for pleasure.

Cruise (v. i.) To wander hither and thither on land.

Cruise (n.) A voyage made in various directions, as of an armed vessel, for the protection of other vessels, or in search of an enemy; a sailing to and fro, as for exploration or for pleasure.

Cruiser (n.) One who, or a vessel that, cruises; -- usually an armed vessel.

Cruive (n.) A kind of weir or dam for trapping salmon; also, a hovel.

Crull (a.) Curly; curled.

Cruller (n.) A kind of sweet cake cut in strips and curled or twisted, and fried crisp in boiling fat.

Crumb (n.) A small fragment or piece; especially, a small piece of bread or other food, broken or cut off.

Crumb (n.) Fig.: A little; a bit; as, a crumb of comfort.

Crumb (n.) The soft part of bread.

Crumbed (imp. & p. p.) of Crumb

Crumbing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crumb

Crumb (v. t.) To break into crumbs or small pieces with the fingers; as, to crumb bread.

Crumbcloth (n.) A cloth to be laid under a dining table to receive falling fragments, and keep the carpet or floor clean.

Crumbled (imp. & p. p.) of Crumble

Crumbling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crumble

Crumble (v. t.) To break into small pieces; to cause to fall in pieces.

Crumble (v. i.) To fall into small pieces; to break or part into small fragments; hence, to fall to decay or ruin; to become disintegrated; to perish.

Crumbly (a.) EAsily crumbled; friable; brittle.

Crumenal (n.) A purse.

Crummable (a.) Capable of being crumbed or broken into small pieces.

Crummy (a.) Full of crumb or crumbs.

Crummy (a.) Soft, as the crumb of bread is; not crusty.

Crump (a.) Crooked; bent.

Crump (a.) Hard or crusty; dry baked; as, a crump loaf.

Crumpet (n.) A kind of large, thin muffin or cake, light and spongy, and cooked on a griddle or spider.

Crumpled (imp. & p. p.) of Crumple

Crumpling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crumple

Crumple (v. t.) To draw or press into wrinkles or folds; to crush together; to rumple; as, to crumple paper.

Crumple (v. i.) To contract irregularly; to show wrinkles after being crushed together; as, leaves crumple.

Crumpy (a.) Brittle; crisp.

Crunched (imp. & p. p.) of Crunch

Crunching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crunch

Crunch (v. i.) To chew with force and noise; to craunch.

Crunch (v. i.) To grind or press with violence and noise.

Crunch (v. i.) To emit a grinding or craunching noise.

Crunch (v. t.) To crush with the teeth; to chew with a grinding noise; to craunch; as, to crunch a biscuit.

Crunk (v. i.) Alt. of Crunkle

Crunkle (v. i.) To cry like a crane.

Crunodal (a.) Possessing, or characterized by, a crunode; -- used of curves.

Crunode (n.) A point where one branch of a curve crosses another branch. See Double point, under Double, a.

Cruor (n.) The coloring matter of the blood; the clotted portion of coagulated blood, containing the coloring matter; gore.

Cruorin (n.) The coloring matter of the blood in the living animal; haemoglobin.

Crup (a.) Short; brittle; as, crup cake.

Crup (n.) See Croup, the rump of a horse.

Crupper (n.) The buttocks or rump of a horse.

Crupper (n.) A leather loop, passing under a horse's tail, and buckled to the saddle to keep it from slipping forwards.

Crupper (v. t.) To fit with a crupper; to place a crupper upon; as, to crupper a horse.

Crura (n. pl.) See Crus.

Crural (a.) Of or pertaining to the thigh or leg, or to any of the parts called crura; as, the crural arteries; crural arch; crural canal; crural ring.

Crura (pl. ) of Crus

Crus (n.) That part of the hind limb between the femur, or thigh, and the ankle, or tarsus; the shank.

Crus (n.) Often applied, especially in the plural, to parts which are supposed to resemble a pair of legs; as, the crura of the diaphragm, a pair of muscles attached to it; crura cerebri, two bundles of nerve fibers in the base of the brain, connecting the medulla and the forebrain.

Crusade (n.) Any one of the military expeditions undertaken by Christian powers, in the 11th, 12th, and 13th centuries, for the recovery of the Holy Land from the Mohammedans.

Crusade (n.) Any enterprise undertaken with zeal and enthusiasm; as, a crusade against intemperance.

Crusade (n.) A Portuguese coin. See Crusado.

Crusaded (imp. & p. p.) of Crusade

Crusading (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crusade

Crusade (v. i.) To engage in a crusade; to attack in a zealous or hot-headed manner.

Crusader (n.) One engaged in a crusade; as, the crusaders of the Middle Ages.

Crusading (a.) Of or pertaining to a crusade; as, a crusading spirit.

Crusado (n.) An old Portuguese coin, worth about seventy cents.

Cruse (n.) A cup or dish.

Cruse (n.) A bottle for holding water, oil, honey, etc.

Cruset (n.) A goldsmith's crucible or melting pot.

Crushed (imp. & p. p.) of Crush

Crushing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crush

Crush (v. t.) To press or bruise between two hard bodies; to squeeze, so as to destroy the natural shape or integrity of the parts, or to force together into a mass; as, to crush grapes.

Crush (v. t.) To reduce to fine particles by pounding or grinding; to comminute; as, to crush quartz.

Crush (v. t.) To overwhelm by pressure or weight; to beat or force down, as by an incumbent weight.

Crush (v. t.) To oppress or burden grievously.

Crush (v. t.) To overcome completely; to subdue totally.

Crush (v. i.) To be or become broken down or in, or pressed into a smaller compass, by external weight or force; as, an eggshell crushes easily.

Crush (n.) A violent collision or compression; a crash; destruction; ruin.

Crush (n.) Violent pressure, as of a crowd; a crowd which produced uncomfortable pressure; as, a crush at a peception.

Crusher (n.) One who, or that which, crushes.

Crushing (a.) That crushes; overwhelming.

Crust (n.) The hard external coat or covering of anything; the hard exterior surface or outer shell; an incrustation; as, a crust of snow.

Crust (n.) The hard exterior or surface of bread, in distinction from the soft part or crumb; or a piece of bread grown dry or hard.

Crust (n.) The cover or case of a pie, in distinction from the soft contents.

Crust (n.) The dough, or mass of doughy paste, cooked with a potpie; -- also called dumpling.

Crust (n.) The exterior portion of the earth, formerly universally supposed to inclose a molten interior.

Crust (n.) The shell of crabs, lobsters, etc.

Crust (n.) A hard mass, made up of dried secretions blood, or pus, occurring upon the surface of the body.

Crust (n.) An incrustation on the interior of wine bottles, the result of the ripening of the wine; a deposit of tartar, etc. See Beeswing.

Crusted (imp. & p. p.) of Crust

Crusting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crust

Crust (n.) To cover with a crust; to cover or line with an incrustation; to incrust.

Crust (v. i.) To gather or contract into a hard crust; to become incrusted.

Crusta (n.) A crust or shell.

Crusta (n.) A gem engraved, or a plate embossed in low relief, for inlaying a vase or other object.

Crustacea (n. pl.) One of the classes of the arthropods, including lobsters and crabs; -- so called from the crustlike shell with which they are covered.

Crustacean (a.) Of or pertaining to the Crustacea; crustaceous.

Crustacean (n.) An animal belonging to the class Crustacea.

Crustaceological (a.) Pertaining to crustaceology.

Crustaceologist (n.) One versed in crustaceology; a crustalogist.

Crustaceology (n.) That branch of Zoology which treats of the Crustacea; malacostracology; carcinology.

Crustaceous (a.) Pertaining to, or of the nature of, crust or shell; having a crustlike shell.

Crustaceous (a.) Belonging to the Crustacea; crustacean.

Crustaceousness (n.) The state or quality of being crustaceous or having a crustlike shell.

Crustal (a.) Relating to a crust.

Crustalogical (a.) Pertaining to crustalogy.

Crustalogist (n.) One versed in crustalogy.

Crustalogy (n.) Crustaceology.

Crustated (a.) Covered with a crust; as, crustated basalt.

Crustation (n.) An adherent crust; an incrustation.

Crusted (a.) Incrusted; covered with, or containing, crust; as, old, crusted port wine.

Crustific (a.) Producing or forming a crust or skin.

Crustily (adv.) In a crusty or surly manner; morosely.

Crustiness (n.) The state or quality of having crust or being like crust; hardness.

Crustiness (n.) The quality of being crusty or surly.

Crusty (a.) Having the nature of crust; pertaining to a hard covering; as, a crusty coat; a crusty surface or substance.

Crusty (a.) Having a hard exterior, or a short, rough manner, though kind at heart; snappish; peevish; surly.

Crut (n.) The rough, shaggy part of oak bark.

Crutches (pl. ) of Crutch

Crutch (n.) A staff with a crosspiece at the head, to be placed under the arm or shoulder, to support the lame or infirm in walking.

Crutch (n.) A form of pommel for a woman's saddle, consisting of a forked rest to hold the leg of the rider.

Crutch (n.) A knee, or piece of knee timber

Crutch (n.) A forked stanchion or post; a crotch. See Crotch.

Crutch (v. t.) To support on crutches; to prop up.

Crutched (a.) Supported upon crutches.

Crutched (a.) Marked with the sign of the cross; crouched.

Cruth (n.) See 4th Crowd.

Cruxes (pl. ) of Crux

Cruces (pl. ) of Crux

Crux (n.) Anything that is very puzzling or difficult to explain.

Cruzado (n.) A coin. See Crusado.

Crwth (n.) See 4th Crowd.

Cried (imp. & p. p.) of Cry

Crying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cry

Cry (v. i.) To make a loud call or cry; to call or exclaim vehemently or earnestly; to shout; to vociferate; to proclaim; to pray; to implore.

Cry (v. i.) To utter lamentations; to lament audibly; to express pain, grief, or distress, by weeping and sobbing; to shed tears; to bawl, as a child.

Cry (v. i.) To utter inarticulate sounds, as animals.

Cry (v. t.) To utter loudly; to call out; to shout; to sound abroad; to declare publicly.

Cry (v. t.) To cause to do something, or bring to some state, by crying or weeping; as, to cry one's self to sleep.

Cry (v. t.) To make oral and public proclamation of; to declare publicly; to notify or advertise by outcry, especially things lost or found, goods to be sold, ets.; as, to cry goods, etc.

Cry (v. t.) to publish the banns of, as for marriage.

Cries (pl. ) of Cry

Cry (v. i.) A loud utterance; especially, the inarticulate sound produced by one of the lower animals; as, the cry of hounds; the cry of wolves.

Cry (v. i.) Outcry; clamor; tumult; popular demand.

Cry (v. i.) Any expression of grief, distress, etc., accompanied with tears or sobs; a loud sound, uttered in lamentation.

Cry (v. i.) Loud expression of triumph or wonder or of popular acclamation or favor.

Cry (v. i.) Importunate supplication.

Cry (v. i.) Public advertisement by outcry; proclamation, as by hawkers of their wares.

Cry (v. i.) Common report; fame.

Cry (v. i.) A word or phrase caught up by a party or faction and repeated for effect; as, the party cry of the Tories.

Cry (v. i.) A pack of hounds.

Cry (v. i.) A pack or company of persons; -- in contempt.

Cry (v. i.) The crackling noise made by block tin when it is bent back and forth.

Cryal (n.) The heron

Cryer (n.) The female of the hawk; a falcon-gentil.

Crying (a.) Calling for notice; compelling attention; notorious; heinous; as, a crying evil.

Cryohydrate (n.) A substance, as salt, ammonium chloride, etc., which crystallizes with water of crystallization only at low temperatures, or below the freezing point of water.

Cryolite (n.) A fluoride of sodium and aluminum, found in Greenland, in white cleavable masses; -- used as a source of soda and alumina.

Cryophorus (n.) An instrument used to illustrate the freezing of water by its own evaporation. The ordinary form consists of two glass bulbs, connected by a tube of the same material, and containing only a quantity of water and its vapor, devoid of air. The water is in one of the bulbs, and freezes when the other is cooled below 32! Fahr.

Crypt (n.) A vault wholly or partly under ground; especially, a vault under a church, whether used for burial purposes or for a subterranean chapel or oratory.

Crypt (n.) A simple gland, glandular cavity, or tube; a follicle; as, the crypts of Lieberk/hn, the simple tubular glands of the small intestines.

Cryptal (a.) Of or pertaining to crypts.

Cryptic (a.) Alt. of Cryptical

Cryptical (a.) Hidden; secret; occult.

Cryptically (adv.) Secretly; occultly.

Cryptidine (n.) One of the quinoline bases, obtained from coal tar as an oily liquid, C11H11N; also, any one of several substances metameric with, and resembling, cryptidine proper.

Cryptobranchiata (n. pl.) A division of the Amphibia; the Derotremata.

Cryptobranchiata (n. pl.) A group of nudibranch mollusks.

Cryptobranchiate (a.) Having concealed or rudimentary gills.

Cryptocrystalline (a.) Indistinctly crystalline; -- applied to rocks and minerals, whose state of aggregation is so fine that no distinct particles are visible, even under the microscope.

Cryptogam (n.) A plant belonging to the Cryptogamia.

Cryptogamiae (pl. ) of Cryptogamia

Cryptogamia (n.) The series or division of flowerless plants, or those never having true stamens and pistils, but propagated by spores of various kinds.

Cryptogamian (a.) Alt. of Cryptogamous

Cryptogamic (a.) Alt. of Cryptogamous

Cryptogamous (a.) Of or pertaining to the series Cryptogamia, or to plants of that series.

Cryptogamist (n.) One skilled in cryptogamic botany.

Cryptogram (n.) A cipher writing. Same as Cryptograph.

Cryptograph (n.) Cipher; something written in cipher.

Cryptographal (a.) Pertaining to cryptography; cryptographical.

Cryptographer (n.) One who writes in cipher, or secret characters.

Cryptographic (a.) Alt. of Cryptographical

Cryptographical (a.) Relating to cryptography; written in secret characters or in cipher, or with sympathetic ink.

Cryptographist (n.) Same as Cryptographer.

Cryptography (n.) The act or art of writing in secret characters; also, secret characters, or cipher.

Cryptology (n.) Secret or enigmatical language.

Cryptonym (n.) A secret name; a name by which a person is known only to the initiated.

Cryptopine (n.) A colorless crystalline alkaloid obtained in small quantities from opium.

Crypturi (n. pl.) An order of flying, drom/ognathous birds, including the tinamous of South America. See Tinamou.

Crystal (n.) The regular form which a substance tends to assume in solidifying, through the inherent power of cohesive attraction. It is bounded by plane surfaces, symmetrically arranged, and each species of crystal has fixed axial ratios. See Crystallization.

Crystal (n.) The material of quartz, in crystallization transparent or nearly so, and either colorless or slightly tinged with gray, or the like; -- called also rock crystal. Ornamental vessels are made of it. Cf. Smoky quartz, Pebble; also Brazilian pebble, under Brazilian.

Crystal (n.) A species of glass, more perfect in its composition and manufacture than common glass, and often cut into ornamental forms. See Flint glass.

Crystal (n.) The glass over the dial of a watch case.

Crystal (n.) Anything resembling crystal, as clear water, etc.

Crystal (a.) Consisting of, or like, crystal; clear; transparent; lucid; pellucid; crystalline.

Crystallin (n.) See Gobulin.

Crystalline (a.) Consisting, or made, of crystal.

Crystalline (a.) Formed by crystallization; like crystal in texture.

Crystalline (a.) Imperfectly crystallized; as, granite is only crystalline, while quartz crystal is perfectly crystallized.

Crystalline (a.) Fig.: Resembling crystal; pure; transparent; pellucid.

Crystalline (n.) A crystalline substance.

Crystalline (n.) See Aniline.

Crystallite (n.) A minute mineral form like those common in glassy volcanic rocks and some slags, not having a definite crystalline outline and not referable to any mineral species, but marking the first step in the crystallization process. According to their form crystallites are called trichites, belonites, globulites, etc.

Crystallizable (a.) Capable of being crystallized; that may be formed into crystals.

Crystallization (n.) The act or process by which a substance in solidifying assumes the form and structure of a crystal, or becomes crystallized.

Crystallization (n.) The body formed by crystallizing; as, silver on precipitation forms arborescent crystallizations.

Crystallized (imp. & p. p.) of Crystallize

Crystallizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Crystallize

Crystallize (v. t.) To cause to form crystals, or to assume the crystalline form.

Crystallize (v. i.) To be converted into a crystal; to take on a crystalline form, through the action of crystallogenic or cohesive attraction.

Crystallogenic (a.) Alt. of Crystallogenical

Crystallogenical (a.) Pertaining to the production of crystals; crystal-producing; as, crystallogenic attraction.

Crystallogeny (n.) The science which pertains to the production of crystals.

Crystallographer (n.) One who describes crystals, or the manner of their formation; one versed in crystallography.

Crystallographic (a.) Alt. of Crystallographical

Crystallographical (a.) Pertaining to crystallography.

Crystallographically (adv.) In the manner of crystallography.

Crystallography (n.) The doctrine or science of crystallization, teaching the system of forms among crystals, their structure, and their methods of formation.

Crystallography (n.) A discourse or treatise on crystallization.

Crystalloid (a.) Crystal-like; transparent like crystal.

Crystalloid (n.) A body which, in solution, diffuses readily through animal membranes, and generally is capable of being crystallized; -- opposed to colloid.

Crystalloid (n.) One of the microscopic particles resembling crystals, consisting of protein matter, which occur in certain plant cells; -- called also protein crystal.

Cristallology (n.) The science of the crystalline structure of inorganic bodies.

Crystallomancy (n.) Divination by means of a crystal or other transparent body, especially a beryl.

Crystallometry (n.) The art of measuring crystals.

Crystallurgy (n.) Crystallization.

Drab (n.) A low, sluttish woman.

Drab (n.) A lewd wench; a strumpet.

Drab (n.) A wooden box, used in salt works for holding the salt when taken out of the boiling pans.

Drabbed (imp. & p. p.) of Drab

Drabbing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drab

Drab (v. i.) To associate with strumpets; to wench.

Drab (n.) A kind of thick woolen cloth of a dun, or dull brownish yellow, or dull gray, color; -- called also drabcloth.

Drab (n.) A dull brownish yellow or dull gray color.

Drab (a.) Of a color between gray and brown.

Drab (n.) A drab color.

Drabber (n.) One who associates with drabs; a wencher.

Drabbet (n.) A coarse linen fabric, or duck.

Drabbish (a.) Somewhat drab in color.

Drabbish (a.) Having the character of a drab or low wench.

Drabbled (imp. & p. p.) of Drabble

Drabbling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drabble

Drabble (v. t.) To draggle; to wet and befoul by draggling; as, to drabble a gown or cloak.

Drabble (v. i.) To fish with a long line and rod; as, to drabble for barbels.

Drabbler (n.) A piece of canvas fastened by lacing to the bonnet of a sail, to give it a greater depth, or more drop.

Drabble-tail (n.) A draggle-tail; a slattern.

Dracaena (n.) A genus of liliaceous plants with woody stems and funnel-shaped flowers.

Dracanth (n.) A kind of gum; -- called also gum tragacanth, or tragacanth. See Tragacanth.

Drachm (n.) A drachma.

Drachm (n.) Same as Dram.

Drachmas (pl. ) of Drachma

Drachmae (pl. ) of Drachma

Drachma (n.) A silver coin among the ancient Greeks, having a different value in different States and at different periods. The average value of the Attic drachma is computed to have been about 19 cents.

Drachma (n.) A gold and silver coin of modern Greece worth 19.3 cents.

Drachma (n.) Among the ancient Greeks, a weight of about 66.5 grains; among the modern Greeks, a weight equal to a gram.

Drachme (n.) See Drachma.

Dracin (n.) See Draconin.

Draco (n.) The Dragon, a northern constellation within which is the north pole of the ecliptic.

Draco (n.) A luminous exhalation from marshy grounds.

Draco (n.) A genus of lizards. See Dragon, 6.

Draconian (a.) Pertaining to Draco, a famous lawgiver of Athens, 621 b. c.

Draconic (a.) Relating to Draco, the Athenian lawgiver; or to the constellation Draco; or to dragon's blood.

Draconin (n.) A red resin forming the essential basis of dragon's blood; -- called also dracin.

Dracontic (a.) Belonging to that space of time in which the moon performs one revolution, from ascending node to ascending node. See Dragon's head, under Dragon.

Dracontine (a.) Belonging to a dragon.

Dracunculi (pl. ) of Dracunculus

Dracunculus (n.) A fish; the dragonet.

Dracunculus (n.) The Guinea worm (Filaria medinensis).

Drad (p. p. & a.) Dreaded.

Dradde (imp.) of Dread.

Dradge (n.) Inferior ore, separated from the better by cobbing.

Draff (n.) Refuse; lees; dregs; the wash given to swine or cows; hogwash; waste matter.

Draffish (a.) Worthless; draffy.

Draffy (a.) Dreggy; waste; worthless.

Draff (n.) The act of drawing; also, the thing drawn. Same as Draught.

Draff (n.) A selecting or detaching of soldiers from an army, or from any part of it, or from a military post; also from any district, or any company or collection of persons, or from the people at large; also, the body of men thus drafted.

Draff (n.) An order from one person or party to another, directing the payment of money; a bill of exchange.

Draff (n.) An allowance or deduction made from the gross veight of goods.

Draff (n.) A drawing of lines for a plan; a plan delineated, or drawn in outline; a delineation. See Draught.

Draff (n.) The form of any writing as first drawn up; the first rough sketch of written composition, to be filled in, or completed. See Draught.

Draff (n.) A narrow border left on a finished stone, worked differently from the rest of its face.

Draff (n.) A narrow border worked to a plane surface along the edge of a stone, or across its face, as a guide to the stone-cutter.

Draff (n.) The slant given to the furrows in the dress of a millstone.

Draff (n.) Depth of water necessary to float a ship. See Draught.

Draff (n.) A current of air. Same as Draught.

Draft (a.) Pertaining to, or used for, drawing or pulling (as vehicles, loads, etc.). Same as Draught.

Draft (a.) Relating to, or characterized by, a draft, or current of air. Same as Draught.

Drafted (imp. & p. p.) of Draft

Drafting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Draft

Draft (v. t.) To draw the outline of; to delineate.

Draft (v. t.) To compose and write; as, to draft a memorial.

Draft (v. t.) To draw from a military band or post, or from any district, company, or society; to detach; to select.

Draft (v. t.) To transfer by draft.

Draftsman (n.) See Draughtsman.

Drag (n.) A confection; a comfit; a drug.

Dragged (imp. & p. p.) of Drag

Dragging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drag

Drag (v. t.) To draw slowly or heavily onward; to pull along the ground by main force; to haul; to trail; -- applied to drawing heavy or resisting bodies or those inapt for drawing, with labor, along the ground or other surface; as, to drag stone or timber; to drag a net in fishing.

Drag (v. t.) To break, as land, by drawing a drag or harrow over it; to harrow; to draw a drag along the bottom of, as a stream or other water; hence, to search, as by means of a drag.

Drag (v. t.) To draw along, as something burdensome; hence, to pass in pain or with difficulty.

Drag (v. i.) To be drawn along, as a rope or dress, on the ground; to trail; to be moved onward along the ground, or along the bottom of the sea, as an anchor that does not hold.

Drag (v. i.) To move onward heavily, laboriously, or slowly; to advance with weary effort; to go on lingeringly.

Drag (v. i.) To serve as a clog or hindrance; to hold back.

Drag (v. i.) To fish with a dragnet.

Drag (v. t.) The act of dragging; anything which is dragged.

Drag (v. t.) A net, or an apparatus, to be drawn along the bottom under water, as in fishing, searching for drowned persons, etc.

Drag (v. t.) A kind of sledge for conveying heavy bodies; also, a kind of low car or handcart; as, a stone drag.

Drag (v. t.) A heavy coach with seats on top; also, a heavy carriage.

Drag (v. t.) A heavy harrow, for breaking up ground.

Drag (v. t.) Anything towed in the water to retard a ship's progress, or to keep her head up to the wind; esp., a canvas bag with a hooped mouth, so used. See Drag sail (below).

Drag (v. t.) Also, a skid or shoe, for retarding the motion of a carriage wheel.

Drag (v. t.) Hence, anything that retards; a clog; an obstacle to progress or enjoyment.

Drag (v. t.) Motion affected with slowness and difficulty, as if clogged.

Drag (v. t.) The bottom part of a flask or mold, the upper part being the cope.

Drag (v. t.) A steel instrument for completing the dressing of soft stone.

Drag (v. t.) The difference between the speed of a screw steamer under sail and that of the screw when the ship outruns the screw; or between the propulsive effects of the different floats of a paddle wheel. See Citation under Drag, v. i., 3.

Dragantine (n.) A mucilage obtained from, or containing, gum tragacanth.

Dragbar (n.) Same as Drawbar (b). Called also draglink, and drawlink.

Dragbolt (n.) A coupling pin. See under Coupling.

Dragees (n. pl.) Sugar-coated medicines.

Draggled (imp. & p. p.) of Draggle

Draggling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Draggle

Draggle (v. t.) To wet and soil by dragging on the ground, mud, or wet grass; to drabble; to trail.

Draggle (v. i.) To be dragged on the ground; to become wet or dirty by being dragged or trailed in the mud or wet grass.

Draggle-tail (n.) A slattern who suffers her gown to trail in the mire; a drabble-tail.

Draggle-tailed (a.) Untidy; sluttish; slatternly.

Draglink (n.) A link connecting the cranks of two shafts.

Draglink (n.) A drawbar.

Dragmen (pl. ) of Dragman

Dragman (n.) A fisherman who uses a dragnet.

Dragnet (n.) A net to be drawn along the bottom of a body of water, as in fishing.

Dragomans (pl. ) of Dragoman

Dragoman (n.) An interpreter; -- so called in the Levant and other parts of the East.

Dragon (n.) A fabulous animal, generally represented as a monstrous winged serpent or lizard, with a crested head and enormous claws, and regarded as very powerful and ferocious.

Dragon (n.) A fierce, violent person, esp. a woman.

Dragon (n.) A constellation of the northern hemisphere figured as a dragon; Draco.

Dragon (n.) A luminous exhalation from marshy grounds, seeming to move through the air as a winged serpent.

Dragon (n.) A short musket hooked to a swivel attached to a soldier's belt; -- so called from a representation of a dragon's head at the muzzle.

Dragon (n.) A small arboreal lizard of the genus Draco, of several species, found in the East Indies and Southern Asia. Five or six of the hind ribs, on each side, are prolonged and covered with weblike skin, forming a sort of wing. These prolongations aid them in making long leaps from tree to tree. Called also flying lizard.

Dragon (n.) A variety of carrier pigeon.

Dragon (n.) A fabulous winged creature, sometimes borne as a charge in a coat of arms.

Dragonet (n.) A little dragon.

Dragonet (n.) A small British marine fish (Callionymuslyra); -- called also yellow sculpin, fox, and gowdie.

Dragonish (a.) resembling a dragon.

Dragonlike (a.) Like a dragon.

Dragonnade (n.) The severe persecution of French Protestants under Louis XIV., by an armed force, usually of dragoons; hence, a rapid and devastating incursion; dragoonade.

Dragon's blood () Alt. of Dragon's tail

Dragon's head () Alt. of Dragon's tail

Dragon's tail () See Dragon's blood, Dragon's head, etc., under Dragon.

Dragoon (n.) Formerly, a soldier who was taught and armed to serve either on horseback or on foot; now, a mounted soldier; a cavalry man.

Dragoon (n.) A variety of pigeon.

Dragooned (imp. & p. p.) of Dragoon

Dragooning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Dragoon

Dragoon (v. t.) To harass or reduce to subjection by dragoons; to persecute by abandoning a place to the rage of soldiers.

Dragoon (v. t.) To compel submission by violent measures; to harass; to persecute.

Dragoonade (n.) See Dragonnade.

Dragooner (n.) A dragoon.

Drail (v. t. & i.) To trail; to draggle.

Drained (imp. & p. p.) of Drain

Draining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drain

Drain (v. t.) To draw off by degrees; to cause to flow gradually out or off; hence, to cause the exhaustion of.

Drain (v. t.) To exhaust of liquid contents by drawing them off; to make gradually dry or empty; to remove surface water, as from streets, by gutters, etc.; to deprive of moisture; hence, to exhaust; to empty of wealth, resources, or the like; as, to drain a country of its specie.

Drain (v. t.) To filter.

Drain (v. i.) To flow gradually; as, the water of low ground drains off.

Drain (v. i.) To become emptied of liquor by flowing or dropping; as, let the vessel stand and drain.

Drain (n.) The act of draining, or of drawing off; gradual and continuous outflow or withdrawal; as, the drain of specie from a country.

Drain (n.) That means of which anything is drained; a channel; a trench; a water course; a sewer; a sink.

Drain (n.) The grain from the mashing tub; as, brewers' drains.

Drainable (a.) Capable of being drained.

Drainage (n.) A draining; a gradual flowing off of any liquid; also, that which flows out of a drain.

Drainage (n.) The mode in which the waters of a country pass off by its streams and rivers.

Drainage (n.) The system of drains and their operation, by which superfluous water is removed from towns, railway beds, mines, and other works.

Drainage (n.) Area or district drained; as, the drainage of the Po, the Thames, etc.

Drainage (n.) The act, process, or means of drawing off the pus or fluids from a wound, abscess, etc.

Draine (n.) The missel thrush.

Drainer (n.) One who, or that which, drains.

Draining (v. t.) The art of carrying off surplus water, as from land.

Drainpipe (n.) A pipe used for carrying off surplus water.

Draintile (n.) A hollow tile used in making drains; -- called also draining tile.

Draintrap (n.) See 4th Trap, 5.

Drake (n.) The male of the duck kind.

Drake (n.) The drake fly.

Drake (n.) A dragon.

Drake (n.) A small piece of artillery.

Drake (n.) Wild oats, brome grass, or darnel grass; -- called also drawk, dravick, and drank.

Drakestone (n.) A flat stone so thrown along the surface of water as to skip from point to point before it sinks; also, the sport of so throwing stones; -- sometimes called ducks and drakes.

Dram (n.) A weight; in Apothecaries' weight, one eighth part of an ounce, or sixty grains; in Avoirdupois weight, one sixteenth part of an ounce, or 27.34375 grains.

Dram (n.) A minute quantity; a mite.

Dram (n.) As much spirituous liquor as is usually drunk at once; as, a dram of brandy; hence, a potation or potion; as, a dram of poison.

Dram (n.) A Persian daric.

Dram (v. i. & t.) To drink drams; to ply with drams.

Drama (n.) A composition, in prose or poetry, accommodated to action, and intended to exhibit a picture of human life, or to depict a series of grave or humorous actions of more than ordinary interest, tending toward some striking result. It is commonly designed to be spoken and represented by actors on the stage.

Drama (n.) A series of real events invested with a dramatic unity and interest.

Drama (n.) Dramatic composition and the literature pertaining to or illustrating it; dramatic literature.

Dramatic (a.) Alt. of Dramatical

Dramatical (a.) Of or pertaining to the drama; appropriate to, or having the qualities of, a drama; theatrical; vivid.

Dramatically (adv.) In a dramatic manner; theatrically; vividly.

Dramatis personae () The actors in a drama or play.

Dramatist (n.) The author of a dramatic composition; a writer of plays.

Dramatizable (a.) Capable of being dramatized.

Dramatization (n.) Act of dramatizing.

Dramatized (imp. & p. p.) of Dramatize

Dramatizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Dramatize

Dramatize (v. t.) To compose in the form of the drama; to represent in a drama; to adapt to dramatic representation; as, to dramatize a novel, or an historical episode.

Dramaturgic (a.) Relating to dramaturgy.

Dramaturgist (n.) One versed in dramaturgy.

Dramaturgy (n.) The art of dramatic composition and representation.

Dramming (n.) The practice of drinking drams.

Dramseller (n.) One who sells distilled liquors by the dram or glass.

Dramshop (n.) A shop or barroom where spirits are sold by the dram.

Drank (imp.) of Drink.

Drank (n.) Wild oats, or darnel grass. See Drake a plant.

Drap d'ete () A thin woolen fabric, twilled like merino.

Draped (imp. & p. p.) of Drape

Draping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drape

Drape (v. t.) To cover or adorn with drapery or folds of cloth, or as with drapery; as, to drape a bust, a building, etc.

Drape (v. t.) To rail at; to banter.

Drape (v. i.) To make cloth.

Drape (v. i.) To design drapery, arrange its folds, etc., as for hangings, costumes, statues, etc.

Draper (n.) One who sells cloths; a dealer in cloths; as, a draper and tailor.

Draperied (a.) Covered or supplied with drapery.

Draperies (pl. ) of Drapery

Drapery (n.) The occupation of a draper; cloth-making, or dealing in cloth.

Drapery (n.) Cloth, or woolen stuffs in general.

Drapery (n.) A textile fabric used for decorative purposes, especially when hung loosely and in folds carefully disturbed; as: (a) Garments or vestments of this character worn upon the body, or shown in the representations of the human figure in art. (b) Hangings of a room or hall, or about a bed.

Drapet (n.) Cloth.

Drastic (a.) Acting rapidly and violently; efficacious; powerful; -- opposed to bland; as, drastic purgatives.

Drastic (n.) A violent purgative. See Cathartic.

Drasty (a.) Filthy; worthless.

Draugh (n.) See Draft.

Draught (n.) The act of drawing or pulling

Draught (n.) The act of moving loads by drawing, as by beasts of burden, and the like.

Draught (n.) The drawing of a bowstring.

Draught (n.) Act of drawing a net; a sweeping the water for fish.

Draught (n.) The act of drawing liquor into the mouth and throat; the act of drinking.

Draught (n.) A sudden attack or drawing upon an enemy.

Draught (n.) The act of selecting or detaching soldiers; a draft (see Draft, n., 2)

Draught (n.) The act of drawing up, marking out, or delineating; representation.

Draught (n.) That which is drawn

Draught (n.) That which is taken by sweeping with a net.

Draught (n.) The force drawn; a detachment; -- in this sense usually written draft.

Draught (n.) The quantity drawn in at once in drinking; a potion or potation.

Draught (n.) A sketch, outline, or representation, whether written, designed, or drawn; a delineation.

Draught (n.) An order for the payment of money; -- in this sense almost always written draft.

Draught (n.) A current of air moving through an inclosed place, as through a room or up a chimney.

Draught (n.) That which draws

Draught (n.) A team of oxen or horses.

Draught (n.) A sink or drain; a privy.

Draught (n.) A mild vesicatory; a sinapism; as, to apply draughts to the feet.

Draught (n.) Capacity of being drawn; force necessary to draw; traction.

Draught (n.) The depth of water necessary to float a ship, or the depth a ship sinks in water, especially when laden; as, a ship of twelve feet draught.

Draught (n.) An allowance on weighable goods. [Eng.] See Draft, 4.

Draught (n.) A move, as at chess or checkers.

Draught (n.) The bevel given to the pattern for a casting, in order that it may be drawn from the sand without injury to the mold.

Draught (n.) See Draft, n., 7.

Draught (a.) Used for drawing vehicles, loads, etc.; as, a draught beast; draught hooks.

Draught (a.) Relating to, or characterized by, a draft, or current of air.

Draught (a.) Used in making drawings; as, draught compasses.

Draught (a.) Drawn directly from the barrel, or other receptacle, in distinction from bottled; on draught; -- said of ale, cider, and the like.

Draughted (imp. & p. p.) of Draught

Draughting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Draught

Draught (v. t.) To draw out; to call forth. See Draft.

Draught (v. t.) To diminish or exhaust by drawing.

Draught (v. t.) To draw in outline; to make a draught, sketch, or plan of, as in architectural and mechanical drawing.

Draughtboard (n.) A checkered board on which draughts are played. See Checkerboard.

Draughthouse (n.) A house for the reception of waste matter; a privy.

Draughts (n. pl.) A mild vesicatory. See Draught, n., 3 (c).

Draughts (n. pl.) A game, now more commonly called checkers. See Checkers.

Draughtsmen (pl. ) of Draughtsman

Draughtsman (n.) One who draws pleadings or other writings.

Draughtsman (n.) One who draws plans and sketches of machinery, structures, and places; also, more generally, one who makes drawings of any kind.

Draughtsman (n.) A "man" or piece used in the game of draughts.

Draughtsman (n.) One who drinks drams; a tippler.

Draughtsmanship (n.) The office, art, or work of a draughtsman.

Draughty (a.) Pertaining to a draught, or current of air; as, a draughtly, comfortless room.

Drave () old imp. of Drive.

Dravida (n. pl.) A race of Hindostan, believed to be the original people who occupied the land before the Hindoo or Aryan invasion.

Dravidian (a.) Of or pertaining to the Dravida.

Drew (imp.) of Draw

Drawn (p. p.) of Draw

Drawing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Draw

Draw (v. t.) To cause to move continuously by force applied in advance of the thing moved; to pull along; to haul; to drag; to cause to follow.

Draw (v. t.) To influence to move or tend toward one's self; to exercise an attracting force upon; to call towards itself; to attract; hence, to entice; to allure; to induce.

Draw (v. t.) To cause to come out for one's use or benefit; to extract; to educe; to bring forth; as: (a) To bring or take out, or to let out, from some receptacle, as a stick or post from a hole, water from a cask or well, etc.

Draw (v. t.) To pull from a sheath, as a sword.

Draw (v. t.) To extract; to force out; to elicit; to derive.

Draw (v. t.) To obtain from some cause or origin; to infer from evidence or reasons; to deduce from premises; to derive.

Draw (v. t.) To take or procure from a place of deposit; to call for and receive from a fund, or the like; as, to draw money from a bank.

Draw (v. t.) To take from a box or wheel, as a lottery ticket; to receive from a lottery by the drawing out of the numbers for prizes or blanks; hence, to obtain by good fortune; to win; to gain; as, he drew a prize.

Draw (v. t.) To select by the drawing of lots.

Draw (v. t.) To remove the contents of

Draw (v. t.) To drain by emptying; to suck dry.

Draw (v. t.) To extract the bowels of; to eviscerate; as, to draw a fowl; to hang, draw, and quarter a criminal.

Draw (v. t.) To take into the lungs; to inhale; to inspire; hence, also, to utter or produce by an inhalation; to heave.

Draw (v. t.) To extend in length; to lengthen; to protract; to stretch; to extend, as a mass of metal into wire.

Draw (v. t.) To run, extend, or produce, as a line on any surface; hence, also, to form by marking; to make by an instrument of delineation; to produce, as a sketch, figure, or picture.

Draw (v. t.) To represent by lines drawn; to form a sketch or a picture of; to represent by a picture; to delineate; hence, to represent by words; to depict; to describe.

Draw (v. t.) To write in due form; to prepare a draught of; as, to draw a memorial, a deed, or bill of exchange.

Draw (v. t.) To require (so great a depth, as of water) for floating; -- said of a vessel; to sink so deep in (water); as, a ship draws ten feet of water.

Draw (v. t.) To withdraw.

Draw (v. t.) To trace by scent; to track; -- a hunting term.

Draw (v. i.) To pull; to exert strength in drawing anything; to have force to move anything by pulling; as, a horse draws well; the sails of a ship draw well.

Draw (v. i.) To draw a liquid from some receptacle, as water from a well.

Draw (v. i.) To exert an attractive force; to act as an inducement or enticement.

Draw (v. i.) To have efficiency as an epispastic; to act as a sinapism; -- said of a blister, poultice, etc.

Draw (v. i.) To have draught, as a chimney, flue, or the like; to furnish transmission to smoke, gases, etc.

Draw (v. i.) To unsheathe a weapon, especially a sword.

Draw (v. i.) To perform the act, or practice the art, of delineation; to sketch; to form figures or pictures.

Draw (v. i.) To become contracted; to shrink.

Draw (v. i.) To move; to come or go; literally, to draw one's self; -- with prepositions and adverbs; as, to draw away, to move off, esp. in racing, to get in front; to obtain the lead or increase it; to draw back, to retreat; to draw level, to move up even (with another); to come up to or overtake another; to draw off, to retire or retreat; to draw on, to advance; to draw up, to form in array; to draw near, nigh, or towards, to approach; to draw together, to come together, to collect.

Draw (v. i.) To make a draft or written demand for payment of money deposited or due; -- usually with on or upon.

Draw (v. i.) To admit the action of pulling or dragging; to undergo draught; as, a carriage draws easily.

Draw (v. i.) To sink in water; to require a depth for floating.

Draw (n.) The act of drawing; draught.

Draw (n.) A lot or chance to be drawn.

Draw (n.) A drawn game or battle, etc.

Draw (n.) That part of a bridge which may be raised, swung round, or drawn aside; the movable part of a drawbridge. See the Note under Drawbridge.

Drawable (a.) Capable of being drawn.

Drawback (n.) A loss of advantage, or deduction from profit, value, success, etc.; a discouragement or hindrance; objectionable feature.

Drawback (n.) Money paid back or remitted; especially, a certain amount of duties or customs, sometimes the whole, and sometimes only a part, remitted or paid back by the government, on the exportation of the commodities on which they were levied.

Drawbar (n.) An openmouthed bar at the end of a car, which receives a coupling link and pin by which the car is drawn. It is usually provided with a spring to give elasticity to the connection between the cars of a train.

Drawbar (n.) A bar of iron with an eye at each end, or a heavy link, for coupling a locomotive to a tender or car.

Drawbench (n.) A machine in which strips of metal are drawn through a drawplate; especially, one in which wire is thus made; -- also called drawing bench.

Drawbolt (n.) A coupling pin. See under Coupling.

Drawbore (n.) A hole bored through a tenon nearer to the shoulder than the holes through the cheeks are to the edge or abutment against which the shoulder is to rest, so that a pin or bolt, when driven into it, will draw these parts together.

Drawbore (v. t.) To make a drawbore in; as, to drawbore a tenon.

Drawbore (v. t.) To enlarge the bore of a gun barrel by drawing, instead of thrusting, a revolving tool through it.

Drawboy (n.) A boy who operates the harness cords of a hand loom; also, a part of power loom that performs the same office.

Drawbridge (n.) A bridge of which either the whole or a part is made to be raised up, let down, or drawn or turned aside, to admit or hinder communication at pleasure, as before the gate of a town or castle, or over a navigable river or canal.

Drawcansir (n.) A blustering, bullying fellow; a pot-valiant braggart; a bully.

Draw-cut (n.) A single cut with a knife.

Drawee (n.) The person on whom an order or bill of exchange is drawn; -- the correlative of drawer.

Drawer (n.) One who, or that which, draws

Drawer (n.) One who draws liquor for guests; a waiter in a taproom.

Drawer (n.) One who delineates or depicts; a draughtsman; as, a good drawer.

Drawer (n.) One who draws a bill of exchange or order for payment; -- the correlative of drawee.

Drawer (n.) That which is drawn

Drawer (n.) A sliding box or receptacle in a case, which is opened by pulling or drawing out, and closed by pushing in.

Drawer (n.) An under-garment worn on the lower limbs.

Drawfiling (n.) The process of smooth filing by working the file sidewise instead of lengthwise.

Drawgear (n.) A harness for draught horses.

Drawgear (n.) The means or parts by which cars are connected to be drawn.

Drawgloves (n. pl.) An old game, played by holding up the fingers.

Drawhead (n.) The flanged outer end of a drawbar; also, a name applied to the drawgear.

Drawing (n.) The act of pulling, or attracting.

Drawing (n.) The act or the art of representing any object by means of lines and shades; especially, such a representation when in one color, or in tints used not to represent the colors of natural objects, but for effect only, and produced with hard material such as pencil, chalk, etc.; delineation; also, the figure or representation drawn.

Drawing (n.) The process of stretching or spreading metals as by hammering, or, as in forming wire from rods or tubes and cups from sheet metal, by pulling them through dies.

Drawing (n.) The process of pulling out and elongating the sliver from the carding machine, by revolving rollers, to prepare it for spinning.

Drawing (n.) The distribution of prizes and blanks in a lottery.

Drawing knife (n.) Alt. of Drawknife

Drawknife (n.) A joiner's tool having a blade with a handle at each end, used to shave off surfaces, by drawing it toward one; a shave; -- called also drawshave, and drawing shave.

Drawknife (n.) A tool used for the purpose of making an incision along the path a saw is to follow, to prevent it from tearing the surface of the wood.

Drawing-room (n.) A room appropriated for the reception of company; a room to which company withdraws from the dining room.

Drawing-room (n.) The company assembled in such a room; also, a reception of company in it; as, to hold a drawing-room.

Drawled (imp. & p. p.) of Drawl

Drawling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drawl

Drawl (v. t.) To utter in a slow, lengthened tone.

Drawl (v. i.) To speak with slow and lingering utterance, from laziness, lack of spirit, affectation, etc.

Drawl (n.) A lengthened, slow monotonous utterance.

Drawlatch (n.) A housebreaker or thief.

Drawling (n.) The act of speaking with a drawl; a drawl.

Drawlink (n.) Same as Drawbar (b).

Drawloom (n.) A kind of loom used in weaving figured patterns; -- called also drawboy.

Drawloom (n.) A species of damask made on the drawloom.

Drawn (p. p. & a.) See Draw, v. t. & i.

Drawnet (n.) A net for catching the larger sorts of birds; also, a dragnet.

Drawplate (n.) A hardened steel plate having a hole, or a gradation of conical holes, through which wires are drawn to be reduced and elongated.

Drawrod (n.) A rod which unites the drawgear at opposite ends of the car, and bears the pull required to draw the train.

Drawshave (n.) See Drawing knife.

Drawspring (n.) The spring to which a drawbar is attached.

Dray (n.) A squirrel's nest.

Dray (n.) A strong low cart or carriage used for heavy burdens.

Dray (n.) A kind of sledge or sled.

Drayage (n.) Use of a dray.

Drayage (n.) The charge, or sum paid, for the use of a dray.

Draymen (pl. ) of Drayman

Drayman (n.) A man who attends a dray.

Drazel (n.) A slut; a vagabond wench. Same as Drossel.

Dreaded (imp. & p. p.) of Dread

Dreading (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Dread

Dread (v. t.) To fear in a great degree; to regard, or look forward to, with terrific apprehension.

Dread (v. i.) To be in dread, or great fear.

Dread (n.) Great fear in view of impending evil; fearful apprehension of danger; anticipatory terror.

Dread (n.) Reverential or respectful fear; awe.

Dread (n.) An object of terrified apprehension.

Dread (n.) A person highly revered.

Dread (n.) Fury; dreadfulness.

Dread (n.) Doubt; as, out of dread.

Dread (a.) Exciting great fear or apprehension; causing terror; frightful; dreadful.

Dread (a.) Inspiring with reverential fear; awful' venerable; as, dread sovereign; dread majesty; dread tribunal.

Dreadable (a.) Worthy of being dreaded.

Dread-bolted (a.) Armed with dreaded bolts.

Dreader (n.) One who fears, or lives in fear.

Dreadful (a.) Full of dread or terror; fearful.

Dreadful (a.) Inspiring dread; impressing great fear; fearful; terrible; as, a dreadful storm.

Dreadful (a.) Inspiring awe or reverence; awful.

Dreadfully (adv.) In a dreadful manner; terribly.

Dreadfulness (n.) The quality of being dreadful.

Dreadingly (adv.) With dread.

Dreadless (a.) Free from dread; fearless; intrepid; dauntless; as, dreadless heart.

Dreadless (a.) Exempt from danger which causes dread; secure.

Dreadless (adv.) Without doubt.

Dreadlessness (n.) Freedom from dread.

Dreadly (a.) Dreadful.

Dreadly (adv.) With dread.

Dreadnaught (n.) A fearless person.

Dreadnaught (n.) Hence: A garment made of very thick cloth, that can defend against storm and cold; also, the cloth itself; fearnaught.

Dream (n.) The thoughts, or series of thoughts, or imaginary transactions, which occupy the mind during sleep; a sleeping vision.

Dream (n.) A visionary scheme; a wild conceit; an idle fancy; a vagary; a revery; -- in this sense, applied to an imaginary or anticipated state of happiness; as, a dream of bliss; the dream of his youth.

Dreamed (imp. & p. p.) of Dream

Dreamt () of Dream

Dreaming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Dream

Dream (n.) To have ideas or images in the mind while in the state of sleep; to experience sleeping visions; -- often with of; as, to dream of a battle, or of an absent friend.

Dream (n.) To let the mind run on in idle revery or vagary; to anticipate vaguely as a coming and happy reality; to have a visionary notion or idea; to imagine.

Dream (v. t.) To have a dream of; to see, or have a vision of, in sleep, or in idle fancy; -- often followed by an objective clause.

Dreamer (n.) One who dreams.

Dreamer (n.) A visionary; one lost in wild imaginations or vain schemes of some anticipated good; as, a political dreamer.

Dreamful (a.) Full of dreams.

Dreamily (adv.) As if in a dream; softly; slowly; languidly.

Dreaminess (n.) The state of being dreamy.

Dreamingly (adv.) In a dreamy manner.

Dreamland (n.) An unreal, delightful country such as in sometimes pictured in dreams; region of fancies; fairyland.

Dreamless (a.) Free from, or without, dreams.

Dreamy (superl.) Abounding in dreams or given to dreaming; appropriate to, or like, dreams; visionary.

Drear (a.) Dismal; gloomy with solitude.

Drear (n.) Sadness; dismalness.

Drearihead (n.) Alt. of Drearihood

Drearihood (n.) Affliction; dreariness.

Drearily (adv.) Gloomily; dismally.

Dreariment (n.) Dreariness.

Dreariness (n.) Sorrow; wretchedness.

Dreariness (n.) Dismalness; gloomy solitude.

Drearing (n.) Sorrow.

Drearisome (a.) Very dreary.

Dreary (superl.) Sorrowful; distressful.

Dreary (superl.) Exciting cheerless sensations, feelings, or associations; comfortless; dismal; gloomy.

Drecche (v. t.) To vex; to torment; to trouble.

Drecche (v. i.) To delay.

Dredge (n.) Any instrument used to gather or take by dragging; as: (a) A dragnet for taking up oysters, etc., from their beds. (b) A dredging machine. (c) An iron frame, with a fine net attached, used in collecting animals living at the bottom of the sea.

Dredge (n.) Very fine mineral matter held in suspension in water.

Dredged (imp. & p. p.) of Dredge

Dredging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Dredge

Dredge (v. t.) To catch or gather with a dredge; to deepen with a dredging machine.

Dredge (n.) A mixture of oats and barley.

Dredge (v. t.) To sift or sprinkle flour, etc., on, as on roasting meat.

Dredger (n.) One who fishes with a dredge.

Dredger (n.) A dredging machine.

Dredger (n.) A box with holes in its lid; -- used for sprinkling flour, as on meat or a breadboard; -- called also dredging box, drudger, and drudging box.

Dree (v. t.) To endure; to suffer.

Dree (v. i.) To be able to do or endure.

Dree (a.) Wearisome; tedious.

Dreg (n.) Corrupt or defiling matter contained in a liquid, or precipitated from it; refuse; feculence; lees; grounds; sediment; hence, the vilest and most worthless part of anything; as, the dregs of society.

Dregginess (n.) Fullness of dregs or lees; foulness; feculence.

Dreggish (a.) Foul with lees; feculent.

Dreggy (a.) Containing dregs or lees; muddy; foul; feculent.

Drein (v. i.) To drain.

Dreint () p. p. of Drench to drown.

Dreissena (n.) A genus of bivalve shells of which one species (D. polymorpha) is often so abundant as to be very troublesome in the fresh waters of Europe.

Drenched (imp. & p. p.) of Drench

Drenching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drench

Drench (v. t.) To cause to drink; especially, to dose by force; to put a potion down the throat of, as of a horse; hence. to purge violently by physic.

Drench (v. t.) To steep in moisture; to wet thoroughly; to soak; to saturate with water or other liquid; to immerse.

Drench (v. t.) A drink; a draught; specifically, a potion of medicine poured or forced down the throat; also, a potion that causes purging.

Drench (n.) A military vassal mentioned in Domesday Book.

Drenche (v. t. & i.) To drown.

Drencher (n.) One who, or that which, west or steeps.

Drencher (n.) One who administers a drench.

Drengage (n.) The tenure by which a drench held land.

Drent (p. p.) Drenched; drowned.

Dresden ware () A superior kind of decorated porcelain made near Dresden in Saxony.

Dressed (imp. & p. p.) of Dress

Drest () of Dress

Dressing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Dress

Dress (v. t.) To direct; to put right or straight; to regulate; to order.

Dress (v. t.) To arrange in exact continuity of line, as soldiers; commonly to adjust to a straight line and at proper distance; to align; as, to dress the ranks.

Dress (v. t.) To treat methodically with remedies, bandages, or curative appliances, as a sore, an ulcer, a wound, or a wounded or diseased part.

Dress (v. t.) To adjust; to put in good order; to arrange; specifically: (a) To prepare for use; to fit for any use; to render suitable for an intended purpose; to get ready; as, to dress a slain animal; to dress meat; to dress leather or cloth; to dress or trim a lamp; to dress a garden; to dress a horse, by currying and rubbing; to dress grain, by cleansing it; in mining and metallurgy, to dress ores, by sorting and separating them.

Dress (v. t.) To cut to proper dimensions, or give proper shape to, as to a tool by hammering; also, to smooth or finish.

Dress (v. t.) To put in proper condition by appareling, as the body; to put clothes upon; to apparel; to invest with garments or rich decorations; to clothe; to deck.

Dress (v. t.) To break and train for use, as a horse or other animal.

Dress (v. i.) To arrange one's self in due position in a line of soldiers; -- the word of command to form alignment in ranks; as, Right, dress!

Dress (v. i.) To clothe or apparel one's self; to put on one's garments; to pay particular regard to dress; as, to dress quickly.

Dress (n.) That which is used as the covering or ornament of the body; clothes; garments; habit; apparel.

Dress (n.) A lady's gown; as, silk or a velvet dress.

Dress (n.) Attention to apparel, or skill in adjusting it.

Dress (n.) The system of furrows on the face of a millstone.

Dress coat () A coat with skirts behind only, as distinct from the frock coat, of which the skirts surround the body. It is worn on occasions of ceremony. The dress coat of officers of the United States army is a full-skirted frock coat.

Dresser (n.) One who dresses; one who put in order or makes ready for use; one who on clothes or ornaments.

Dresser (n.) A kind of pick for shaping large coal.

Dresser (n.) An assistant in a hospital, whose office it is to dress wounds, sores, etc.

Dresser (v. t.) A table or bench on which meat and other things are dressed, or prepared for use.

Dresser (v. t.) A cupboard or set of shelves to receive dishes and cooking utensils.

Dress goods () A term applied to fabrics for the gowns of women and girls; -- most commonly to fabrics of mixed materials, but also applicable to silks, printed linens, and calicoes.

Dressiness (n.) The state of being dressy.

Dressing (n.) Dress; raiment; especially, ornamental habiliment or attire.

Dressing (n.) An application (a remedy, bandage, etc.) to a sore or wound.

Dressing (n.) Manure or compost over land. When it remains on the surface, it is called a top-dressing.

Dressing (n.) A preparation to fit food for use; a condiment; as, a dressing for salad.

Dressing (n.) The stuffing of fowls, pigs, etc.; forcemeat.

Dressing (n.) Gum, starch, and the like, used in stiffening or finishing silk, linen, and other fabrics.

Dressing (n.) An ornamental finish, as a molding around doors, windows, or on a ceiling, etc.

Dressing (n.) Castigation; scolding; -- often with down.

Dressmaker (n.) A maker of gowns, or similar garments; a mantuamaker.

Dressmaking (n.) The art, process, or occupation, of making dresses.

Dressy (a.) Showy in dress; attentive to dress.

Drest (p. p.) of Dress.

Dretch (v. t. & i.) See Drecche.

Dreul (v. i.) To drool.

Drevil (n.) A fool; a drudge. See Drivel.

Drew (imp.) of Draw.

Drey (n.) A squirrel's nest. See Dray.

Dreye (a.) Dry.

Dreynt () p. p., of Drench to drown.

Dribbed (imp. & p. p.) of Drib

Dribbing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drib

Drib (v. t.) To do by little and little

Drib (v. t.) To cut off by a little at a time; to crop.

Drib (v. t.) To appropriate unlawfully; to filch; to defalcate.

Drib (v. t.) To lead along step by step; to entice.

Drib (v. t. & i.) To shoot (a shaft) so as to pierce on the descent.

Drib (n.) A drop.

Dribber (n.) One who dribs; one who shoots weakly or badly.

Dribbled (imp. & p. p.) of Dribble

Dribbing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Dribble

Dribble (v. i.) To fall in drops or small drops, or in a quick succession of drops; as, water dribbles from the eaves.

Dribble (v. i.) To slaver, as a child or an idiot; to drivel.

Dribble (v. i.) To fall weakly and slowly.

Dribble (v. t.) To let fall in drops.

Dribble (n.) A drizzling shower; a falling or leaking in drops.

Dribbler (n.) One who dribbles.

Dribblet (n.) Alt. of Driblet

Driblet (n.) A small piece or part; a small sum; a small quantity of money in making up a sum; as, the money was paid in dribblets.

Drie (v. t.) To endure.

Dried (imp. & p. p.) of Day. Also adj.; as, dried apples.

Drier (n.) One who, or that which, dries; that which may expel or absorb moisture; a desiccative; as, the sun and a northwesterly wind are great driers of the earth.

Drier (n.) Drying oil; a substance mingled with the oil used in oil painting to make it dry quickly.

Drier (superl.) Alt. of Driest

Driest (superl.) of Dry, a.

Drift (n.) A driving; a violent movement.

Drift (n.) The act or motion of drifting; the force which impels or drives; an overpowering influence or impulse.

Drift (n.) Course or direction along which anything is driven; setting.

Drift (n.) The tendency of an act, argument, course of conduct, or the like; object aimed at or intended; intention; hence, also, import or meaning of a sentence or discourse; aim.

Drift (n.) That which is driven, forced, or urged along

Drift (n.) Anything driven at random.

Drift (n.) A mass of matter which has been driven or forced onward together in a body, or thrown together in a heap, etc., esp. by wind or water; as, a drift of snow, of ice, of sand, and the like.

Drift (n.) A drove or flock, as of cattle, sheep, birds.

Drift (n.) The horizontal thrust or pressure of an arch or vault upon the abutments.

Drift (n.) A collection of loose earth and rocks, or boulders, which have been distributed over large portions of the earth's surface, especially in latitudes north of forty degrees, by the agency of ice.

Drift (n.) In South Africa, a ford in a river.

Drift (n.) A slightly tapered tool of steel for enlarging or shaping a hole in metal, by being forced or driven into or through it; a broach.

Drift (n.) A tool used in driving down compactly the composition contained in a rocket, or like firework.

Drift (n.) A deviation from the line of fire, peculiar to oblong projectiles.

Drift (n.) A passage driven or cut between shaft and shaft; a driftway; a small subterranean gallery; an adit or tunnel.

Drift (n.) The distance through which a current flows in a given time.

Drift (n.) The angle which the line of a ship's motion makes with the meridian, in drifting.

Drift (n.) The distance to which a vessel is carried off from her desired course by the wind, currents, or other causes.

Drift (n.) The place in a deep-waisted vessel where the sheer is raised and the rail is cut off, and usually terminated with a scroll, or driftpiece.

Drift (n.) The distance between the two blocks of a tackle.

Drift (n.) The difference between the size of a bolt and the hole into which it is driven, or between the circumference of a hoop and that of the mast on which it is to be driven.

Drifted (imp. & p. p.) of Drift

Drifting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drift

Drift (v. i.) To float or be driven along by, or as by, a current of water or air; as, the ship drifted astern; a raft drifted ashore; the balloon drifts slowly east.

Drift (v. i.) To accumulate in heaps by the force of wind; to be driven into heaps; as, snow or sand drifts.

Drift (v. i.) to make a drift; to examine a vein or ledge for the purpose of ascertaining the presence of metals or ores; to follow a vein; to prospect.

Drift (v. t.) To drive or carry, as currents do a floating body.

Drift (v. t.) To drive into heaps; as, a current of wind drifts snow or sand.

Drift (v. t.) To enlarge or shape, as a hole, with a drift.

Drift (a.) That causes drifting or that is drifted; movable by wind or currents; as, drift currents; drift ice; drift mud.

Driftage (n.) Deviation from a ship's course due to leeway.

Driftage (n.) Anything that drifts.

Driftbolt (n.) A bolt for driving out other bolts.

Driftless (a.) Having no drift or direction; without aim; purposeless.

Driftpiece (n.) An upright or curved piece of timber connecting the plank sheer with the gunwale; also, a scroll terminating a rail.

Driftpin (n.) A smooth drift. See Drift, n., 9.

Driftway (n.) A common way, road, or path, for driving cattle.

Driftway (n.) Same as Drift, 11.

Driftweed (n.) Seaweed drifted to the shore by the wind.

Driftwind (n.) A driving wind; a wind that drives snow, sand, etc., into heaps.

Driftwood (n.) Wood drifted or floated by water.

Driftwood (n.) Fig.: Whatever is drifting or floating as on water.

Drifty (a.) Full of drifts; tending to form drifts, as snow, and the like.

Drilled (imp. & p. p.) of Drill

Drilling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drill

Drill (v. t.) To pierce or bore with a drill, or a with a drill; to perforate; as, to drill a hole into a rock; to drill a piece of metal.

Drill (v. t.) To train in the military art; to exercise diligently, as soldiers, in military evolutions and exercises; hence, to instruct thoroughly in the rudiments of any art or branch of knowledge; to discipline.

Drill (v. i.) To practice an exercise or exercises; to train one's self.

Drill (n.) An instrument with an edged or pointed end used for making holes in hard substances; strictly, a tool that cuts with its end, by revolving, as in drilling metals, or by a succession of blows, as in drilling stone; also, a drill press.

Drill (n.) The act or exercise of training soldiers in the military art, as in the manual of arms, in the execution of evolutions, and the like; hence, diligent and strict instruction and exercise in the rudiments and methods of any business; a kind or method of military exercises; as, infantry drill; battalion drill; artillery drill.

Drill (n.) Any exercise, physical or mental, enforced with regularity and by constant repetition; as, a severe drill in Latin grammar.

Drill (n.) A marine gastropod, of several species, which kills oysters and other bivalves by drilling holes through the shell. The most destructive kind is Urosalpinx cinerea.

Drill (v. t.) To cause to flow in drills or rills or by trickling; to drain by trickling; as, waters drilled through a sandy stratum.

Drill (v. t.) To sow, as seeds, by dribbling them along a furrow or in a row, like a trickling rill of water.

Drill (v. t.) To entice; to allure from step; to decoy; -- with on.

Drill (v. t.) To cause to slip or waste away by degrees.

Drill (v. i.) To trickle.

Drill (v. i.) To sow in drills.

Drill (n.) A small trickling stream; a rill.

Drill (n.) An implement for making holes for sowing seed, and sometimes so formed as to contain seeds and drop them into the hole made.

Drill (n.) A light furrow or channel made to put seed into sowing.

Drill (n.) A row of seed sown in a furrow.

Drill (n.) A large African baboon (Cynocephalus leucophaeus).

Drill (n.) Same as Drilling.

Driller (n.) One who, or that which, drills.

Drilling (n.) The act of piercing with a drill.

Drilling (n.) A training by repeated exercises.

Drilling (n.) The act of using a drill in sowing seeds.

Drilling (n.) A heavy, twilled fabric of linen or cotton.

Drillmaster (n.) One who teaches drill, especially in the way of gymnastics.

Drill press () A machine for drilling holes in metal, the drill being pressed to the metal by the action of a screw.

Drillstock (n.) A contrivance for holding and turning a drill.

Drily (adv.) See Dryly.

Drimys (n.) A genus of magnoliaceous trees. Drimys aromatica furnishes Winter's bark.

Drank (imp.) of Drink

Drunk () of Drink

Drunk (p. p.) of Drink

Drunken () of Drink

Drinking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drink

Drink (v. i.) To swallow anything liquid, for quenching thirst or other purpose; to imbibe; to receive or partake of, as if in satisfaction of thirst; as, to drink from a spring.

Drink (v. i.) To quaff exhilarating or intoxicating liquors, in merriment or feasting; to carouse; to revel; hence, to lake alcoholic liquors to excess; to be intemperate in the /se of intoxicating or spirituous liquors; to tipple.

Drink (v. t.) To swallow (a liquid); to receive, as a fluid, into the stomach; to imbibe; as, to drink milk or water.

Drink (v. t.) To take in (a liquid), in any manner; to suck up; to absorb; to imbibe.

Drink (v. t.) To take in; to receive within one, through the senses; to inhale; to hear; to see.

Drink (v. t.) To smoke, as tobacco.

Drink (n.) Liquid to be swallowed; any fluid to be taken into the stomach for quenching thirst or for other purposes, as water, coffee, or decoctions.

Drink (n.) Specifically, intoxicating liquor; as, when drink is on, wit is out.

Drinkable (a.) Capable of being drunk; suitable for drink; potable. Macaulay. Also used substantively, esp. in the plural.

Drinkableness (n.) State of being drinkable.

Drinker (n.) One who drinks; as, the effects of tea on the drinker; also, one who drinks spirituous liquors to excess; a drunkard.

Drinking (n.) The act of one who drinks; the act of imbibing.

Drinking (n.) The practice of partaking to excess of intoxicating liquors.

Drinking (n.) An entertainment with liquors; a carousal.

Drinkless (a.) Destitute of drink.

Dripped (imp. & p. p.) of Drip

Dript () of Drip

Dripping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drip

Drip (v. i.) To fall in drops; as, water drips from the eaves.

Drip (v. i.) To let fall drops of moisture or liquid; as, a wet garment drips.

Drip (v. t.) To let fall in drops.

Drip (n.) A falling or letting fall in drops; a dripping; that which drips, or falls in drops.

Drip (n.) That part of a cornice, sill course, or other horizontal member, which projects beyond the rest, and is of such section as to throw off the rain water.

Dripping (n.) A falling in drops, or the sound so made.

Dripping (n.) That which falls in drops, as fat from meat in roasting.

Dripple (a.) Weak or rare.

Dripstone (n.) A drip, when made of stone. See Drip, 2.

Drove (imp.) of Drive

Drave () of Drive

Driven (p. p.) of Drive

Driving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drive

Drive (v. t.) To impel or urge onward by force in a direction away from one, or along before one; to push forward; to compel to move on; to communicate motion to; as, to drive cattle; to drive a nail; smoke drives persons from a room.

Drive (v. t.) To urge on and direct the motions of, as the beasts which draw a vehicle, or the vehicle borne by them; hence, also, to take in a carriage; to convey in a vehicle drawn by beasts; as, to drive a pair of horses or a stage; to drive a person to his own door.

Drive (v. t.) To urge, impel, or hurry forward; to force; to constrain; to urge, press, or bring to a point or state; as, to drive a person by necessity, by persuasion, by force of circumstances, by argument, and the like.

Drive (v. t.) To carry or; to keep in motion; to conduct; to prosecute.

Drive (v. t.) To clear, by forcing away what is contained.

Drive (v. t.) To dig Horizontally; to cut a horizontal gallery or tunnel.

Drive (v. t.) To pass away; -- said of time.

Drive (v. i.) To rush and press with violence; to move furiously.

Drive (v. i.) To be forced along; to be impelled; to be moved by any physical force or agent; to be driven.

Drive (v. i.) To go by carriage; to pass in a carriage; to proceed by directing or urging on a vehicle or the animals that draw it; as, the coachman drove to my door.

Drive (v. i.) To press forward; to aim, or tend, to a point; to make an effort; to strive; -- usually with at.

Drive (v. i.) To distrain for rent.

Drive (p. p.) Driven.

Drive (n.) The act of driving; a trip or an excursion in a carriage, as for exercise or pleasure; -- distinguished from a ride taken on horseback.

Drive (n.) A place suitable or agreeable for driving; a road prepared for driving.

Drive (n.) Violent or rapid motion; a rushing onward or away; esp., a forced or hurried dispatch of business.

Drive (n.) In type founding and forging, an impression or matrix, formed by a punch drift.

Drive (n.) A collection of objects that are driven; a mass of logs to be floated down a river.

Drivebolt (n.) A drift; a tool for setting bolts home.

Driveled (imp. & p. p.) of Drivel

Drivelled () of Drivel

Driveling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drivel

Drivelling () of Drivel

Drivel (v. i.) To slaver; to let spittle drop or flow from the mouth, like a child, idiot, or dotard.

Drivel (v. i.) To be weak or foolish; to dote; as, a driveling hero; driveling love.

Drivel (n.) Slaver; saliva flowing from the mouth.

Drivel (n.) Inarticulate or unmeaning utterance; foolish talk; babble.

Drivel (n.) A driveler; a fool; an idiot.

Drivel (n.) A servant; a drudge.

Driveler (n.) A slaverer; a slabberer; an idiot; a fool.

Driven (p. p.) of Drive. Also adj.

Drivepipe (n.) A pipe for forcing into the earth.

Driver (n.) One who, or that which, drives; the person or thing that urges or compels anything else to move onward.

Driver (n.) The person who drives beasts or a carriage; a coachman; a charioteer, etc.; hence, also, one who controls the movements of a locomotive.

Driver (n.) An overseer of a gang of slaves or gang of convicts at their work.

Driver (n.) A part that transmits motion to another part by contact with it, or through an intermediate relatively movable part, as a gear which drives another, or a lever which moves another through a link, etc. Specifically:

Driver (n.) The driving wheel of a locomotive.

Driver (n.) An attachment to a lathe, spindle, or face plate to turn a carrier.

Driver (n.) A crossbar on a grinding mill spindle to drive the upper stone.

Driver (n.) The after sail in a ship or bark, being a fore-and-aft sail attached to a gaff; a spanker.

Driveway (n.) A passage or way along or through which a carriage may be driven.

Driving (a.) Having great force of impulse; as, a driving wind or storm.

Driving (a.) Communicating force; impelling; as, a driving shaft.

Driving (n.) The act of forcing or urging something along; the act of pressing or moving on furiously.

Driving (n.) Tendency; drift.

Drizzled (imp. & p. p.) of Drizzle

Drizzling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drizzle

Drizzle (v. i.) To rain slightly in very small drops; to fall, as water from the clouds, slowly and in fine particles; as, it drizzles; drizzling drops or rain.

Drizzle (v. t.) To shed slowly in minute drops or particles.

Drizzle (n.) Fine rain or mist.

Drizzly (a.) Characterized by small rain, or snow; moist and disagreeable.

Drock (n.) A water course.

Drofland (n.) Alt. of Dryfland

Dryfland (n.) An ancient yearly payment made by some tenants to the king, or to their landlords, for the privilege of driving their cattle through a manor to fairs or markets.

Drogher (n.) A small craft used in the West India Islands to take off sugars, rum, etc., to the merchantmen; also, a vessel for transporting lumber, cotton, etc., coastwise; as, a lumber drogher.

Drogman (n.) Alt. of Drogoman

Drogoman (n.) See Dragoman.

Drogue (n.) See Drag, n., 6, and Drag sail, under Drag, n.

Droh (imp.) of Draw.

Droil (v. i.) To work sluggishly or slowly; to plod.

Droil (n.) A drudge.

Droil (n.) Mean labor; toil.

Droit (n.) A right; law in its aspect of the foundation of rights; also, in old law, the writ of right.

Droitural (a.) relating to the mere right of property, as distinguished from the right of possession; as, droitural actions.

Droitzschka (n.) See Drosky.

Droll (superl.) Queer, and fitted to provoke laughter; ludicrous from oddity; amusing and strange.

Droll (n.) One whose practice it is to raise mirth by odd tricks; a jester; a buffoon; a merry-andrew.

Droll (n.) Something exhibited to raise mirth or sport, as a puppet, a farce, and the like.

Drolled (imp. & p. p.) of Droll

Drolling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Droll

Droll (v. i.) To jest; to play the buffoon.

Droll (v. t.) To lead or influence by jest or trick; to banter or jest; to cajole.

Droll (v. t.) To make a jest of; to set in a comical light.

Droller (n.) A jester; a droll.

Drolleries (pl. ) of Drollery

Drollery (n.) The quality of being droll; sportive tricks; buffoonery; droll stories; comical gestures or manners.

Drollery (n.) Something which serves to raise mirth

Drollery (n.) A puppet show; also, a puppet.

Drollery (n.) A lively or comic picture.

Drollingly (adv.) In a jesting manner.

Drollish (a.) Somewhat droll.

Drollist (n.) A droll.

Dromaeognathous (a.) Having the structure of the palate like that of the ostrich and emu.

Dromatherium (n.) A small extinct triassic mammal from North Carolina, the earliest yet found in America.

Drome (n.) The crab plover (Dromas ardeola), a peculiar North African bird, allied to the oyster catcher.

Dromedaries (pl. ) of Dromedary

Dromedary (n.) The Arabian camel (Camelus dromedarius), having one hump or protuberance on the back, in distinction from the Bactrian camel, which has two humps.

Dromond () Alt. of Dromon

Dromon () In the Middle Ages, a large, fast-sailing galley, or cutter; a large, swift war vessel.

Drone (v. i.) The male of bees, esp. of the honeybee. It gathers no honey. See Honeybee.

Drone (v. i.) One who lives on the labors of others; a lazy, idle fellow; a sluggard.

Drone (v. i.) That which gives out a grave or monotonous tone or dull sound; as: (a) A drum. [Obs.] Halliwell. (b) The part of the bagpipe containing the two lowest tubes, which always sound the key note and the fifth.

Drone (v. i.) A humming or deep murmuring sound.

Drone (v. i.) A monotonous bass, as in a pastoral composition.

Droned (imp. & p. p.) of Drone

Droning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drone

Drone (n.) To utter or make a low, dull, monotonous, humming or murmuring sound.

Drone (n.) To love in idleness; to do nothing.

Drone bee () The male of the honeybee; a drone.

Drone fly () A dipterous insect (Eristalis tenax), resembling the drone bee. See Eristalis.

Dronepipe (n.) One of the low-toned tubes of a bagpipe.

Drongos (pl. ) of Drongo

Drongo (n.) A passerine bird of the family Dicruridae. They are usually black with a deeply forked tail. They are natives of Asia, Africa, and Australia; -- called also drongo shrikes.

Dronish (a.) Like a drone; indolent; slow.

Dronkelewe (a.) Given to drink; drunken.

Dronte (n.) The dodo.

Drony (a.) Like a drone; sluggish; lazy.

Drooled (imp. & p. p.) of Drool

Drooling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drool

Drool (v. i.) To drivel, or drop saliva; as, the child drools.

Drooped (imp. & p. p.) of Droop

Drooping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Droop

Droop (v. i.) To hang bending downward; to sink or hang down, as an animal, plant, etc., from physical inability or exhaustion, want of nourishment, or the like.

Droop (v. i.) To grow weak or faint with disappointment, grief, or like causes; to be dispirited or depressed; to languish; as, her spirits drooped.

Droop (v. i.) To proceed downward, or toward a close; to decline.

Droop (v. t.) To let droop or sink.

Droop (n.) A drooping; as, a droop of the eye.

Drooper (n.) One who, or that which, droops.

Droopingly (adv.) In a drooping manner.

Drop (n.) The quantity of fluid which falls in one small spherical mass; a liquid globule; a minim; hence, also, the smallest easily measured portion of a fluid; a small quantity; as, a drop of water.

Drop (n.) That which resembles, or that which hangs like, a liquid drop; as a hanging diamond ornament, an earring, a glass pendant on a chandelier, a sugarplum (sometimes medicated), or a kind of shot or slug.

Drop (n.) Same as Gutta.

Drop (n.) Any small pendent ornament.

Drop (n.) Whatever is arranged to drop, hang, or fall from an elevated position; also, a contrivance for lowering something

Drop (n.) A door or platform opening downward; a trap door; that part of the gallows on which a culprit stands when he is to be hanged; hence, the gallows itself.

Drop (n.) A machine for lowering heavy weights, as packages, coal wagons, etc., to a ship's deck.

Drop (n.) A contrivance for temporarily lowering a gas jet.

Drop (n.) A curtain which drops or falls in front of the stage of a theater, etc.

Drop (n.) A drop press or drop hammer.

Drop (n.) The distance of the axis of a shaft below the base of a hanger.

Drop (n.) Any medicine the dose of which is measured by drops; as, lavender drops.

Drop (n.) The depth of a square sail; -- generally applied to the courses only.

Drop (n.) Act of dropping; sudden fall or descent.

Dropped (imp. & p. p.) of Drop

Dropt () of Drop

Dropping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drop

Drop (n.) To pour or let fall in drops; to pour in small globules; to distill.

Drop (n.) To cause to fall in one portion, or by one motion, like a drop; to let fall; as, to drop a line in fishing; to drop a courtesy.

Drop (n.) To let go; to dismiss; to set aside; to have done with; to discontinue; to forsake; to give up; to omit.

Drop (n.) To bestow or communicate by a suggestion; to let fall in an indirect, cautious, or gentle manner; as, to drop hint, a word of counsel, etc.

Drop (n.) To lower, as a curtain, or the muzzle of a gun, etc.

Drop (n.) To send, as a letter; as, please drop me a line, a letter, word.

Drop (n.) To give birth to; as, to drop a lamb.

Drop (n.) To cover with drops; to variegate; to bedrop.

Drop (v. i.) To fall in drops.

Drop (v. i.) To fall, in general, literally or figuratively; as, ripe fruit drops from a tree; wise words drop from the lips.

Drop (v. i.) To let drops fall; to discharge itself in drops.

Drop (v. i.) To fall dead, or to fall in death.

Drop (v. i.) To come to an end; to cease; to pass out of mind; as, the affair dropped.

Drop (v. i.) To come unexpectedly; -- with in or into; as, my old friend dropped in a moment.

Drop (v. i.) To fall or be depressed; to lower; as, the point of the spear dropped a little.

Drop (v. i.) To fall short of a mark.

Drop (v. i.) To be deep in extent; to descend perpendicularly; as, her main topsail drops seventeen yards.

Droplet (n.) A little drop; a tear.

Droplight (n.) An apparatus for bringing artificial light down from a chandelier nearer to a table or desk; a pendant.

Dropmeal (adv.) Alt. of Dropmele

Dropmele (adv.) By drops or small portions.

Dropper (n.) One who, or that which, drops. Specif.: (Fishing) A fly that drops from the leaden above the bob or end fly.

Dropper (n.) A dropping tube.

Dropper (n.) A branch vein which drops off from, or leaves, the main lode.

Dropper (n.) A dog which suddenly drops upon the ground when it sights game, -- formerly a common, and still an occasional, habit of the setter.

Dropping (n.) The action of causing to drop or of letting drop; falling.

Dropping (n.) That which falls in drops; the excrement or dung of animals.

Droppinly (adv.) In drops.

Dropsical (a.) Diseased with dropsy; hydropical; tending to dropsy; as, a dropsical patient.

Dropsical (a.) Of or pertaining to dropsy.

Dropsicalness (n.) State of being dropsical.

Dropsied (a.) Diseased with drops.

Dropsies (pl. ) of Dropsy

Dropsy (n.) An unnatural collection of serous fluid in any serous cavity of the body, or in the subcutaneous cellular tissue.

Dropt () imp. & p. p. of Drop, v.

Dropwise (adv.) After the manner of a drop; in the form of drops.

Dropworm (n.) The larva of any geometrid moth, which drops from trees by means of a thread of silk, as the cankerworm.

Dropwort (n.) An Old World species of Spiraea (S. filipendula), with finely cut leaves.

Drosera (n.) A genus of low perennial or biennial plants, the leaves of which are beset with gland-tipped bristles. See Sundew.

Droskies (pl. ) of Drosky

Drosky (n.) A low, four-wheeled, open carriage, used in Russia, consisting of a kind of long, narrow bench, on which the passengers ride as on a saddle, with their feet reaching nearly to the ground. Other kinds of vehicles are now so called, esp. a kind of victoria drawn by one or two horses, and used as a public carriage in German cities.

Drosometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the quantity of dew on the surface of a body in the open air. It consists of a balance, having a plate at one end to receive the dew, and at the other a weight protected from the deposit of dew.

Dross (n.) The scum or refuse matter which is thrown off, or falls from, metals in smelting the ore, or in the process of melting; recrement.

Dross (n.) Rust of metals.

Dross (n.) Waste matter; any worthless matter separated from the better part; leavings; dregs; refuse.

Drossel (n.) A slut; a hussy; a drazel.

Drossless (a.) Free from dross.

Drossy (superl.) Of, pertaining to, resembling, dross; full of dross; impure; worthless.

Drotchel (n.) See Drossel.

Drough (imp.) of Draw.

Drought (n.) Dryness; want of rain or of water; especially, such dryness of the weather as affects the earth, and prevents the growth of plants; aridity.

Drought (n.) Thirst; want of drink.

Drought (n.) Scarcity; lack.

Droughtiness (n.) A state of dryness of the weather; want of rain.

Droughty (a.) Characterized by drought; wanting rain; arid; adust.

Droughty (a.) Dry; thirsty; wanting drink.

Droumy (a.) Troubled; muddy.

Drouth (n.) Same as Drought.

Drouthy (a.) Droughty.

Drove (imp.) of Drive.

Drove (n.) A collection of cattle driven, or cattle collected for driving; a number of animals, as oxen, sheep, or swine, driven in a body.

Drove (n.) Any collection of irrational animals, moving or driving forward; as, a finny drove.

Drove (n.) A crowd of people in motion.

Drove (n.) A road for driving cattle; a driftway.

Drove (n.) A narrow drain or channel used in the irrigation of land.

Drove (n.) A broad chisel used to bring stone to a nearly smooth surface; -- called also drove chisel.

Drove (n.) The grooved surface of stone finished by the drove chisel; -- called also drove work.

Droven (p. p.) of Drive.

Drover (n.) One who drives cattle or sheep to market; one who makes it his business to purchase cattle, and drive them to market.

Drover (n.) A boat driven by the tide.

Drovy (a.) Turbid; muddy; filthy.

Drow (imp.) of Draw.

Drowned (imp. & p. p.) of Drown

Drowning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drown

Drown (v. i.) To be suffocated in water or other fluid; to perish in water.

Drown (v. t.) To overwhelm in water; to submerge; to inundate.

Drown (v. t.) To deprive of life by immersion in water or other liquid.

Drown (v. t.) To overpower; to overcome; to extinguish; -- said especially of sound.

Drownage (n.) The act of drowning.

Drowner (n.) One who, or that which, drowns.

Drowsed (imp. & p. p.) of Drowse

Drowsing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drowse

Drowse (v. i.) To sleep imperfectly or unsoundly; to slumber; to be heavy with sleepiness; to doze.

Drowse (v. t.) To make heavy with sleepiness or imperfect sleep; to make dull or stupid.

Drowse (n.) A slight or imperfect sleep; a doze.

Drowsihead (n.) Drowsiness.

Drowsihed (n.) Drowsihead.

Drowsily (adv.) In a drowsy manner.

Drowsiness (n.) State of being drowsy.

Drowsy (superl.) Inclined to drowse; heavy with sleepiness; lethargic; dozy.

Drowsy (superl.) Disposing to sleep; lulling; soporific.

Drowsy (superl.) Dull; stupid.

Drowth (n.) See Drought.

Droyle (v. i.) See Droil.

Drubbed (imp. & p. p.) of Drub

Drubbing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drub

Drub (v. t.) To beat with a stick; to thrash; to cudgel.

Drub (n.) A blow with a cudgel; a thump.

Drubber (n.) One who drubs.

Drudged (imp. & p. p.) of Drudge

Drudging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drudge

Drudge (v. i.) To perform menial work; to labor in mean or unpleasant offices with toil and fatigue.

Drudge (v. t.) To consume laboriously; -- with away.

Drudge (n.) One who drudges; one who works hard in servile employment; a mental servant.

Drudger (n.) One who drudges; a drudge.

Drudger (n.) A dredging box.

Drudgery (n.) The act of drudging; disagreeable and wearisome labor; ignoble or slavish toil.

Drudging box () See Dredging box.

Drudgingly (adv.) In a drudging manner; laboriously.

Druery (n.) Courtship; gallantry; love; an object of love.

Drug (v. i.) To drudge; to toil laboriously.

Drug (n.) A drudge (?).

Drug (n.) Any animal, vegetable, or mineral substance used in the composition of medicines; any stuff used in dyeing or in chemical operations.

Drug (n.) Any commodity that lies on hand, or is not salable; an article of slow sale, or in no demand.

Drugged (imp. & p. p.) of Drug

Drugging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drug

Drug (v. i.) To prescribe or administer drugs or medicines.

Drug (v. t.) To affect or season with drugs or ingredients; esp., to stupefy by a narcotic drug. Also Fig.

Drug (v. t.) To tincture with something offensive or injurious.

Drug (v. t.) To dose to excess with, or as with, drugs.

Drugger (n.) A druggist.

Drugget (n.) A coarse woolen cloth dyed of one color or printed on one side; generally used as a covering for carpets.

Drugget (n.) By extension, any material used for the same purpose.

Druggist (n.) One who deals in drugs; especially, one who buys and sells drugs without compounding them; also, a pharmaceutist or apothecary.

Drugster (n.) A druggist.

Druid (n.) One of an order of priests which in ancient times existed among certain branches of the Celtic race, especially among the Gauls and Britons.

Druid (n.) A member of a social and benevolent order, founded in London in 1781, and professedly based on the traditions of the ancient Druids. Lodges or groves of the society are established in other countries.

Druidess (n.) A female Druid; a prophetess.

Druidic (a.) Alt. of Druidical

Druidical (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the Druids.

Druidish (a.) Druidic.

Druidism (n.) The system of religion, philosophy, and instruction, received and taught by the Druids; the rites and ceremonies of the Druids.

Drum (n.) An instrument of percussion, consisting either of a hollow cylinder, over each end of which is stretched a piece of skin or vellum, to be beaten with a stick; or of a metallic hemisphere (kettledrum) with a single piece of skin to be so beaten; the common instrument for marking time in martial music; one of the pair of tympani in an orchestra, or cavalry band.

Drum (n.) Anything resembling a drum in form

Drum (n.) A sheet iron radiator, often in the shape of a drum, for warming an apartment by means of heat received from a stovepipe, or a cylindrical receiver for steam, etc.

Drum (n.) A small cylindrical box in which figs, etc., are packed.

Drum (n.) The tympanum of the ear; -- often, but incorrectly, applied to the tympanic membrane.

Drum (n.) One of the cylindrical, or nearly cylindrical, blocks, of which the shaft of a column is composed; also, a vertical wall, whether circular or polygonal in plan, carrying a cupola or dome.

Drum (n.) A cylinder on a revolving shaft, generally for the purpose of driving several pulleys, by means of belts or straps passing around its periphery; also, the barrel of a hoisting machine, on which the rope or chain is wound.

Drum (n.) See Drumfish.

Drum (n.) A noisy, tumultuous assembly of fashionable people at a private house; a rout.

Drum (n.) A tea party; a kettledrum.

Drummed (imp. & p. p.) of Drum

Drumming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Drum

Drum (v. i.) To beat a drum with sticks; to beat or play a tune on a drum.

Drum (v. i.) To beat with the fingers, as with drumsticks; to beat with a rapid succession of strokes; to make a noise like that of a beaten drum; as, the ruffed grouse drums with his wings.

Drum (v. i.) To throb, as the heart.

Drum (v. i.) To go about, as a drummer does, to gather recruits, to draw or secure partisans, customers, etc,; -- with for.

Drum (v. t.) To execute on a drum, as a tune.

Drum (v. t.) (With out) To expel ignominiously, with beat of drum; as, to drum out a deserter or rogue from a camp, etc.

Drum (v. t.) (With up) To assemble by, or as by, beat of drum; to collect; to gather or draw by solicitation; as, to drum up recruits; to drum up customers.

Drumbeat (n.) The sound of a beaten drum; drum music.

Drumble (v. i.) To be sluggish or lazy; to be confused.

Drumble (v. i.) To mumble in speaking.

Drumfish (n.) Any fish of the family Sciaenidae, which makes a loud noise by means of its air bladder; -- called also drum.

Drumhead (n.) The parchment or skin stretched over one end of a drum.

Drumhead (n.) The top of a capstan which is pierced with sockets for levers used in turning it. See Illust. of Capstan.

Drumlin (n.) A hill of compact, unstratified, glacial drift or till, usually elongate or oval, with the larger axis parallel to the former local glacial motion.

Drumly (a.) Turbid; muddy.

Drum major () .

Drum major () The chief or first drummer of a regiment; an instructor of drummers.

Drum major () The marching leader of a military band.

Drum major () A noisy gathering. [R.] See under Drum, n., 4.

Drummer (n.) One whose office is to best the drum, as in military exercises and marching.

Drummer (n.) One who solicits custom; a commercial traveler.

Drummer (n.) A fish that makes a sound when caught

Drummer (n.) The squeteague.

Drummer (n.) A California sculpin.

Drummer (n.) A large West Indian cockroach (Blatta gigantea) which drums on woodwork, as a sexual call.

Drumming (n.) The act of beating upon, or as if upon, a drum; also, the noise which the male of the ruffed grouse makes in spring, by beating his wings upon his sides.

Drummond light () A very intense light, produced by turning two streams of gas, one oxygen and the other hydrogen, or coal gas, in a state of ignition, upon a ball of lime; or a stream of oxygen gas through a flame of alcohol upon a ball or disk of lime; -- called also oxycalcium light, or lime light.

Drumstick (n.) A stick with which a drum is beaten.

Drumstick (n.) Anything resembling a drumstick in form, as the tibiotarsus, or second joint, of the leg of a fowl.

Drunk (a.) Intoxicated with, or as with, strong drink; inebriated; drunken; -- never used attributively, but always predicatively; as, the man is drunk (not, a drunk man).

Drunk (a.) Drenched or saturated with moisture or liquid.

Drunk (n.) A drunken condition; a spree.

Drunkard (n.) One who habitually drinks strong liquors immoderately; one whose habit it is to get drunk; a toper; a sot.

Drunken (v. i.) Overcome by strong drink; intoxicated by, or as by, spirituous liquor; inebriated.

Drunken (v. i.) Saturated with liquid or moisture; drenched.

Drunken (v. i.) Pertaining to, or proceeding from, intoxication.

Drunkenhead (n.) Drunkenness.

Drunkenly (adv.) In a drunken manner.

Drunkenness (n.) The state of being drunken with, or as with, alcoholic liquor; intoxication; inebriety; -- used of the casual state or the habit.

Drunkenness (n.) Disorder of the faculties, resembling intoxication by liquors; inflammation; frenzy; rage.

Drunkenship (n.) Alt. of Drunkship

Drunkship (n.) The state of being drunk; drunkenness.

Drupaceous (a.) Producing, or pertaining to, drupes; having the form of drupes; as, drupaceous trees or fruits.

Drupal (a.) Drupaceous.

Drupe (n.) A fruit consisting of pulpy, coriaceous, or fibrous exocarp, without valves, containing a nut or stone with a kernel. The exocarp is succulent in the plum, cherry, apricot, peach, etc.; dry and subcoriaceous in the almond; and fibrous in the cocoanut.

Drupel (n.) Alt. of Drupelet

Drupelet (n.) A small drupe, as one of the pulpy grains of the blackberry.

Druse (n.) A cavity in a rock, having its interior surface studded with crystals and sometimes filled with water; a geode.

Druse (n.) One of a people and religious sect dwelling chiefly in the Lebanon mountains of Syria.

Drusy (a.) Alt. of Drused

Drused (a.) Covered with a large number of minute crystals.

Druxey (a.) Alt. of Druxy

Druxy (a.) Having decayed spots or streaks of a whitish color; -- said of timber.

Dry (superl.) Free from moisture; having little humidity or none; arid; not wet or moist; deficient in the natural or normal supply of moisture, as rain or fluid of any kind; -- said especially: (a) Of the weather: Free from rain or mist.

Dry (superl.) Of vegetable matter: Free from juices or sap; not succulent; not green; as, dry wood or hay.

Dry (superl.) Of animals: Not giving milk; as, the cow is dry.

Dry (superl.) Of persons: Thirsty; needing drink.

Dry (superl.) Of the eyes: Not shedding tears.

Dry (superl.) Of certain morbid conditions, in which there is entire or comparative absence of moisture; as, dry gangrene; dry catarrh.

Dry (superl.) Destitute of that which interests or amuses; barren; unembellished; jejune; plain.

Dry (superl.) Characterized by a quality somewhat severe, grave, or hard; hence, sharp; keen; shrewd; quaint; as, a dry tone or manner; dry wit.

Dry (superl.) Exhibiting a sharp, frigid preciseness of execution, or the want of a delicate contour in form, and of easy transition in coloring.

Dried (imp. & p. p.) of Dry

Drying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Dry

Dry (a.) To make dry; to free from water, or from moisture of any kind, and by any means; to exsiccate; as, to dry the eyes; to dry one's tears; the wind dries the earth; to dry a wet cloth; to dry hay.

Dry (v. i.) To grow dry; to become free from wetness, moisture, or juice; as, the road dries rapidly.

Dry (v. i.) To evaporate wholly; to be exhaled; -- said of moisture, or a liquid; -- sometimes with up; as, the stream dries, or dries up.

Dry (v. i.) To shrivel or wither; to lose vitality.

Dryad (n.) A wood nymph; a nymph whose life was bound up with that of her tree.

Dryandra (n.) A genus of shrubs growing in Australia, having beautiful, hard, dry, evergreen leaves.

Dryades (pl. ) of Dryas

Dryas (n.) A dryad.

Dry-beat (v. t.) To beat severely.

Dry-boned (a.) Having dry bones, or bones without flesh.

Dry dock () See under Dock.

Dryer (n.) See Drier.

Dry-eyed (a.) Not having tears in the eyes.

Dry-fisted (a.) Niggardly.

Dryfoot (n.) The scent of the game, as far as it can be traced.

Dry goods () A commercial name for textile fabrics, cottons, woolens, linen, silks, laces, etc., -- in distinction from groceries.

Drying (a.) Adapted or tending to exhaust moisture; as, a drying wind or day; a drying room.

Drying (a.) Having the quality of rapidly becoming dry.

Dryly (adv.) In a dry manner; not succulently; without interest; without sympathy; coldly.

Dryness (n.) The state of being dry. See Dry.

Dry nurse () A nurse who attends and feeds a child by hand; -- in distinction from a wet nurse, who suckles it.

Drynurse (v. t.) To feed, attend, and bring up without the breast.

Dryobalanops (n.) The genus to which belongs the single species D. Camphora, a lofty resinous tree of Borneo and Sumatra, yielding Borneo camphor and camphor oil.

Dry-rubbed (imp. & p. p.) of Dry-rub

Dry-rubbing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Dry-rub

Dry-rub (v. t.) To rub and cleanse without wetting.

Drysalter (n.) A dealer in salted or dried meats, pickles, sauces, etc., and in the materials used in pickling, salting, and preserving various kinds of food Hence drysalters usually sell a number of saline substances and miscellaneous drugs.

Drysaltery (n.) The articles kept by a drysalter; also, the business of a drysalter.

Dry-shod (a.) Without wetting the feet.

Dry-stone (a.) Constructed of uncemented stone.

Dryth (n.) Alt. of Drith

Drith (n.) Drought.

-er () .

-er () The termination of many English words, denoting the agent; -- applied either to men or things; as in hater, farmer, heater, grater. At the end of names of places, -er signifies a man of the place; as, Londoner, i. e., London man.

-er () A suffix used to form the comparative degree of adjectives and adverbs; as, warmer, sooner, lat(e)er, earl(y)ier.

Eras (pl. ) of Era

Era (n.) A fixed point of time, usually an epoch, from which a series of years is reckoned.

Era (n.) A period of time reckoned from some particular date or epoch; a succession of years dating from some important event; as, the era of Alexander; the era of Christ, or the Christian era (see under Christian).

Era (n.) A period of time in which a new order of things prevails; a signal stage of history; an epoch.

Eradiated (imp. & p. p.) of Eradiate

Eradiating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Eradiate

Eradiate (v. i.) To shoot forth, as rays of light; to beam; to radiate.

Eradiation (n.) Emission of radiance.

Eradicable (a.) Capable of being eradicated.

Eradicated (imp. & p. p.) of Eradicate

Eradicating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Eradicate

Eradicate (v. t.) To pluck up by the roots; to root up; as, an oak tree eradicated.

Eradicate (v. t.) To root out; to destroy utterly; to extirpate; as, to eradicate diseases, or errors.

Eradication (n.) The act of plucking up by the roots; a rooting out; extirpation; utter destruction.

Eradication (n.) The state of being plucked up by the roots.

Eradicative (a.) Tending or serving to eradicate; curing or destroying thoroughly, as a disease or any evil.

Eradicative (n.) A medicine that effects a radical cure.

Erasable (a.) Capable of being erased.

Erased (imp. & p. p.) of Erase

Erasing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Erase

Erase (v. t.) To rub or scrape out, as letters or characters written, engraved, or painted; to efface; to expunge; to cross out; as, to erase a word or a name.

Erase (v. t.) Fig.: To obliterate; to expunge; to blot out; -- used of ideas in the mind or memory.

Erased (p. pr. & a.) Rubbed or scraped out; effaced; obliterated.

Erased (p. pr. & a.) Represented with jagged and uneven edges, as is torn off; -- used esp. of the head or limb of a beast. Cf. Couped.

Erasement (n.) The act of erasing; a rubbing out; expunction; obliteration.

Eraser (n.) One who, or that which, erases; esp., a sharp instrument or a piece of rubber used to erase writings, drawings, etc.

Erasion (n.) The act of erasing; a rubbing out; obliteration.

Erastian (n.) One of the followers of Thomas Erastus, a German physician and theologian of the 16th century. He held that the punishment of all offenses should be referred to the civil power, and that holy communion was open to all. In the present day, an Erastian is one who would see the church placed entirely under the control of the State.

Erastianism (n.) The principles of the Erastains.

Erasure (n.) The act of erasing; a scratching out; obliteration.

Erative (a.) Pertaining to the Muse Erato who presided over amatory poetry.

Erato (n.) The Muse who presided over lyric and amatory poetry.

Erbium (n.) A rare metallic element associated with several other rare elements in the mineral gadolinite from Ytterby in Sweden. Symbol Er. Atomic weight 165.9. Its salts are rose-colored and give characteristic spectra. Its sesquioxide is called erbia.

Ercedeken (n.) An archdeacon.

Erd (n.) The earth.

Ere (adv.) Before; sooner than.

Ere (adv.) Rather than.

Ere (v. t.) To plow. [Obs.] See Ear, v. t.

Erebus (n.) A place of nether darkness, being the gloomy space through which the souls passed to Hades. See Milton's "Paradise Lost," Book II., line 883.

Erebus (n.) The son of Chaos and brother of Nox, who dwelt in Erebus.

Erect (a.) Upright, or having a vertical position; not inverted; not leaning or bent; not prone; as, to stand erect.

Erect (a.) Directed upward; raised; uplifted.

Erect (a.) Bold; confident; free from depression; undismayed.

Erect (a.) Watchful; alert.

Erect (a.) Standing upright, with reference to the earth's surface, or to the surface to which it is attached.

Erect (a.) Elevated, as the tips of wings, heads of serpents, etc.

Erected (imp. & p. p.) of Erect

Erecting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Erect

Erect (v. t.) To raise and place in an upright or perpendicular position; to set upright; to raise; as, to erect a pole, a flagstaff, a monument, etc.

Erect (v. t.) To raise, as a building; to build; to construct; as, to erect a house or a fort; to set up; to put together the component parts of, as of a machine.

Erect (v. t.) To lift up; to elevate; to exalt; to magnify.

Erect (v. t.) To animate; to encourage; to cheer.

Erect (v. t.) To set up as an assertion or consequence from premises, or the like.

Erect (v. t.) To set up or establish; to found; to form; to institute.

Erect (v. i.) To rise upright.

Erectable (a.) Capable of being erected; as, an erectable feather.

Erecter (n.) An erector; one who raises or builds.

Erectile (a.) Capable of being erected; susceptible of being erected of dilated.

Erectility (n.) The quality or state of being erectile.

Erection (n.) The act of erecting, or raising upright; the act of constructing, as a building or a wall, or of fitting together the parts of, as a machine; the act of founding or establishing, as a commonwealth or an office; also, the act of rousing to excitement or courage.

Erection (n.) The state of being erected, lifted up, built, established, or founded; exaltation of feelings or purposes.

Erection (n.) State of being stretched to stiffness; tension.

Erection (n.) Anything erected; a building of any kind.

Erection (n.) The state of a part which, from having been soft, has become hard and swollen by the accumulation of blood in the erectile tissue.

Erective (a.) Making erect or upright; raising; tending to erect.

Erectly (adv.) In an erect manner or posture.

Erectness (n.) Uprightness of posture or form.

Erecto-patent (a.) Having a position intermediate between erect and patent, or spreading.

Erecto-patent (a.) Standing partially spread and erect; -- said of the wings of certain insects.

Erector (n.) One who, or that which, erects.

Erector (n.) A muscle which raises any part.

Erector (n.) An attachment to a microscope, telescope, or other optical instrument, for making the image erect instead of inverted.

Erelong (adv.) Before the /apse of a long time; soon; -- usually separated, ere long.

Eremacausis (n.) A gradual oxidation from exposure to air and moisture, as in the decay of old trees or of dead animals.

Eremitage (n.) See Hermitage.

Eremite (n.) A hermit.

Eremitic (a.) Alt. of Eremitical

Eremitical (a.) Of or pertaining to an eremite; hermitical; living in solitude.

Eremitish (a.) Eremitic.

Eremitism (n.) The state of a hermit; a living in seclusion from social life.

Eretation (n.) A creeping forth.

Ereption (n.) A snatching away.

Erethism (n.) A morbid degree of excitement or irritation in an organ.

Erethistic (a.) Relating to erethism.

Erewhile (adv.) Alt. of Erewhiles

Erewhiles (adv.) Some time ago; a little while before; heretofore.

Erven (pl. ) of Erf

Erf (n.) A garden plot, usually about half an acre.

Erg (n.) The unit of work or energy in the C. G. S. system, being the amount of work done by a dyne working through a distance of one centimeter; the amount of energy expended in moving a body one centimeter against a force of one dyne. One foot pound is equal to 13,560,000 ergs.

Ergat (v. t.) To deduce logically, as conclusions.

Ergo (conj. / adv.) Therefore; consequently; -- often used in a jocular way.

Ergot (n.) A diseased condition of rye and other cereals, in which the grains become black, and often spur-shaped. It is caused by a parasitic fungus, Claviceps purpurea.

Ergot (n.) The mycelium or spawn of this fungus infecting grains of rye and wheat. It is a powerful remedial agent, and also a dangerous poison, and is used as a means of hastening childbirth, and to arrest bleeding.

Ergot (n.) A stub, like soft horn, about the size of a chestnut, situated behind and below the pastern joint.

Ergot (n.) See 2d Calcar, 3 (b).

Ergotic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, ergot; as, ergotic acid.

Ergotin (n.) An extract made from ergot.

Ergotine () A powerful astringent alkaloid extracted from ergot as a brown, amorphous, bitter substance. It is used to produce contraction of the uterus.

Ergotism (n.) A logical deduction.

Ergotism (n.) A diseased condition produced by eating rye affected with the ergot fungus.

Ergotized (a.) Affected with the ergot fungus; as, ergotized rye.

Eriach (n.) Alt. of Eric

Eric (n.) A recompense formerly given by a murderer to the relatives of the murdered person.

Erica (n.) A genus of shrubby plants, including the heaths, many of them producing beautiful flowers.

Ericaceous (a.) Belonging to the Heath family, or resembling plants of that family; consisting of heats.

Ericinol (n.) A colorless oil (quickly becoming brown), with a pleasant odor, obtained by the decomposition of ericolin.

Ericius (n.) The Vulgate rendering of the Hebrew word qip/d, which in the "Authorized Version" is translated bittern, and in the Revised Version, porcupine.

Ericolin (n.) A glucoside found in the bearberry (and others of the Ericaceae), and extracted as a bitter, yellow, amorphous mass.

Eridanus (n.) A long, winding constellation extending southward from Taurus and containing the bright star Achernar.

Erigible (a.) Capable of being erected.

Erin (n.) An early, and now a poetic, name of Ireland.

Erinaceous (a.) Of the Hedgehog family; like, or characteristic of, a hedgehog.

Eringo (n.) The sea holly. See Eryngo.

Erinite (n.) A hydrous arseniate of copper, of an emerald-green color; -- so called from Erin, or Ireland, where it occurs.

Erinyes (pl. ) of Erinys

Erinys (n.) An avenging deity; one of the Furies; sometimes, conscience personified.

Eriometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the diameters of minute particles or fibers, from the size of the colored rings produced by the diffraction of the light in which the objects are viewed.

Eristalis (n.) A genus of dipterous insects whose young (called rat-tailed larvae) are remarkable for their long tapering tail, which spiracles at the tip, and for their ability to live in very impure and salt waters; -- also called drone fly.

Eristic (a.) Alt. of Eristical

Eristical (a.) Controversial.

Erke (a.) ASlothful.

Erlking (n.) A personification, in German and Scandinavian mythology, of a spirit natural power supposed to work mischief and ruin, esp. to children.

Erme (v. i.) To grieve; to feel sad.

Ermelin (n.) Alt. of Ermilin

Ermilin (n.) See Ermine.

Ermin (n.) An Armenian.

Ermine (n.) A valuable fur-bearing animal of the genus Mustela (M. erminea), allied to the weasel; the stoat. It is found in the northern parts of Asia, Europe, and America. In summer it is brown, but in winter it becomes white, except the tip of the tail, which is always black.

Ermine (n.) The fur of the ermine, as prepared for ornamenting garments of royalty, etc., by having the tips of the tails, which are black, arranged at regular intervals throughout the white.

Ermine (n.) By metonymy, the office or functions of a judge, whose state robe, lined with ermine, is emblematical of purity and honor without stain.

Ermine (n.) One of the furs. See Fur (Her.)

Ermine (v. t.) To clothe with, or as with, ermine.

Ermined (a.) Clothed or adorned with the fur of the ermine.

Ermines (n.) Alt. of Erminois

Erminois (n.) See Note under Ermine, n., 4.

Ermit (n.) A hermit.

Ern (n.) Alt. of Erne

Erne (n.) A sea eagle, esp. the European white-tailed sea eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla).

Ern (v. i.) To stir with strong emotion; to grieve; to mourn. [Corrupted into yearn in modern editions of Shakespeare.]

Ernest (n.) See Earnest.

Ernestful (a.) Serious.

Eroded (imp. & p. p.) of Erode

Eroding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Erode

Erode (v. t.) To eat into or away; to corrode; as, canker erodes the flesh.

Eroded (p. p. & a.) Eaten away; gnawed; irregular, as if eaten or worn away.

Eroded (p. p. & a.) Having the edge worn away so as to be jagged or irregularly toothed.

Erodent (n.) A medicine which eats away extraneous growths; a caustic.

Erogated (imp. & p. p.) of Erogate

Erogating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Erogate

Erogate (v. t.) To lay out, as money; to deal out; to expend.

Erogation (n.) The act of giving out or bestowing.

Eros (n.) Love; the god of love; -- by earlier writers represented as one of the first and creative gods, by later writers as the son of Aphrodite, equivalent to the Latin god Cupid.

Erose (a.) Irregular or uneven as if eaten or worn away.

Erose (a.) Jagged or irregularly toothed, as if nibbled out or gnawed.

Erosion (n.) The act or operation of eroding or eating away.

Erosion (n.) The state of being eaten away; corrosion; canker.

Erosive (a.) That erodes or gradually eats away; tending to erode; corrosive.

Erostrate (a.) Without a beak.

Eroteme (n.) A mark indicating a question; a note of interrogation.

Erotesis (n.) A figure o/ speech by which a strong affirmation of the contrary, is implied under the form o/ an earnest interrogation, as in the following lines; -

Erotic (a.) Alt. of Erotical

Erotical (a.) Of or pertaining to the passion of love; treating of love; amatory.

Erotic (n.) An amorous composition or poem.

Eroticism (n.) Erotic quality.

Erpetologist (n.) Herpetologist.

Erpetology (n.) Herpetology.

Erred (imp. & p. p.) of Err

Erring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Err

Err (v. i.) To wander; to roam; to stray.

Err (v. i.) To deviate from the true course; to miss the thing aimed at.

Err (v. i.) To miss intellectual truth; to fall into error; to mistake in judgment or opinion; to be mistaken.

Err (v. i.) To deviate morally from the right way; to go astray, in a figurative sense; to do wrong; to sin.

Err (v. i.) To offend, as by erring.

Errable (a.) Liable to error; fallible.

Errableness (n.) Liability to error.

Errabund (a.) Erratic.

Errancy (n.) A wandering; state of being in error.

Errand (n.) A special business intrusted to a messenger; something to be told or done by one sent somewhere for the purpose; often, a verbal message; a commission; as, the servant was sent on an errand; to do an errand. Also, one's purpose in going anywhere.

Errant (a.) Wandering; deviating from an appointed course, or from a direct path; roving.

Errant (a.) Notorious; notoriously bad; downright; arrant.

Errant (a.) Journeying; itinerant; -- formerly applied to judges who went on circuit and to bailiffs at large.

Errant (n.) One who wanders about.

Errantia (n. pl.) A group of chaetopod annelids, including those that are not confined to tubes. See Chaetopoda.

Errantry (n.) A wandering; a roving; esp., a roving in quest of adventures.

Errantry (n.) The employment of a knight-errant.

Errata (n. pl.) See Erratum.

Erratic (a.) Having no certain course; roving about without a fixed destination; wandering; moving; -- hence, applied to the planets as distinguished from the fixed stars.

Erratic (a.) Deviating from a wise of the common course in opinion or conduct; eccentric; strange; queer; as, erratic conduct.

Erratic (a.) Irregular; changeable.

Erratic (n.) One who deviates from common and accepted opinions; one who is eccentric or preserve in his intellectual character.

Erratic (n.) A rogue.

Erratic (n.) Any stone or material that has been borne away from its original site by natural agencies; esp., a large block or fragment of rock; a bowlder.

Erratical (a.) Erratic.

Erration (n.) A wandering; a roving about.

Errata (pl. ) of Erratum

Erratum (n.) An error or mistake in writing or printing.

Erthine (n.) A medicine designed to be snuffed up the nose, to promote discharges of mucus; a sternutatory.

Erthine (a.) Causing or increasing secretion of nasal mucus.

Erroneous (a.) Wandering; straying; deviating from the right course; -- hence, irregular; unnatural.

Erroneous (a.) Misleading; misled; mistaking.

Erroneous (a.) Containing error; not conformed to truth or justice; incorrect; false; mistaken; as, an erroneous doctrine; erroneous opinion, observation, deduction, view, etc.

Error (n.) A wandering; a roving or irregular course.

Error (n.) A wandering or deviation from the right course or standard; irregularity; mistake; inaccuracy; something made wrong or left wrong; as, an error in writing or in printing; a clerical error.

Error (n.) A departing or deviation from the truth; falsity; false notion; wrong opinion; mistake; misapprehension.

Error (n.) A moral offense; violation of duty; a sin or transgression; iniquity; fault.

Error (n.) The difference between the approximate result and the true result; -- used particularly in the rule of double position.

Error (n.) The difference between an observed value and the true value of a quantity.

Error (n.) The difference between the observed value of a quantity and that which is taken or computed to be the true value; -- sometimes called residual error.

Error (n.) A mistake in the proceedings of a court of record in matters of law or of fact.

Error (n.) A fault of a player of the side in the field which results in failure to put out a player on the other side, or gives him an unearned base.

Errorful (a.) Full of error; wrong.

Errorist (n.) One who encourages and propagates error; one who holds to error.

Ers (n.) The bitter vetch (Ervum Ervilia).

Erse (n.) A name sometimes given to that dialect of the Celtic which is spoken in the Highlands of Scotland; -- called, by the Highlanders, Gaelic.

Erse (a.) Of or pertaining to the Celtic race in the Highlands of Scotland, or to their language.

Ersh (n.) See Arrish.

Erst (adv.) First.

Erst (adv.) Previously; before; formerly; heretofore.

Erstwhile (adv.) Till then or now; heretofore; formerly.

Erubescence (n.) Alt. of Erubescency

Erubescency (n.) The act of becoming red; redness of the skin or surface of anything; a blushing.

Erubescent (a.) Red, or reddish; blushing.

Erubescite (n.) See Bornite.

Erucae (pl. ) of Eruca

Eruca (n.) An insect in the larval state; a caterpillar; a larva.

Erucic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, a genus of cruciferous Mediterranean herbs (Eruca or Brassica); as, erucic acid, a fatty acid resembling oleic acid, and found in colza oil, mustard oil, etc.

Erucifrom (a.) Having the form of a caterpillar; -- said of insect larvae.

Eruct (v. t.) Alt. of Eructate

Eructate (v. t.) To eject, as wind, from the stomach; to belch.

Eructation (n.) The act of belching wind from the stomach; a belch.

Eructation (n.) A violent belching out or emitting, as of gaseous or other matter from the crater of a volcano, geyser, etc.

Erudiate (v. t.) To instruct; to educate; to teach.

Erudite (a.) Characterized by extensive reading or knowledge; well instructed; learned.

Erudition (n.) The act of instructing; the result of thorough instruction; the state of being erudite or learned; the acquisitions gained by extensive reading or study; particularly, learning in literature or criticism, as distinct from the sciences; scholarship.

Erugate (a.) Freed from wrinkles; smooth.

Eruginous (a.) Partaking of the substance or nature of copper, or of the rust copper; resembling the trust of copper or verdigris; aeruginous.

Erumpent (a.) Breaking out; -- said of certain fungi which burst through the texture of leaves.

Erupt (v. t.) To cause to burst forth; to eject; as, to erupt lava.

Eruption (n.) The act of breaking out or bursting forth; as: (a) A violent throwing out of flames, lava, etc., as from a volcano of a fissure in the earth's crust. (b) A sudden and overwhelming hostile movement of armed men from one country to another. Milton. (c) A violent commotion.

Eruption (n.) That which bursts forth.

Eruption (n.) A violent exclamation; ejaculation.

Eruption (n.) The breaking out of pimples, or an efflorescence, as in measles, scarlatina, etc.

Eruptional (a.) Eruptive.

Eruptive (a.) Breaking out or bursting forth.

Eruptive (a.) Attended with eruption or efflorescence, or producing it; as, an eruptive fever.

Eruptive (a.) Produced by eruption; as, eruptive rocks, such as the igneous or volcanic.

Eruptive (n.) An eruptive rock.

Eryngium (n.) A genus of umbelliferous plants somewhat like thistles in appearance. Eryngium maritimum, or sea holly, has been highly esteemed as an aphrodisiac, the roots being formerly candied.

Eryngo (n.) A plant of the genus Eryngium.

Erysipelas (n.) St. Anthony's fire; a febrile disease accompanied with a diffused inflammation of the skin, which, starting usually from a single point, spreads gradually over its surface. It is usually regarded as contagious, and often occurs epidemically.

Erysipelatoid (a.) Resembling erysipelas.

Erysipelatous (a.) Resembling erysipelas, or partaking of its nature.

Erysipelous (a.) Erysipelatous.

Erythema (n.) A disease of the skin, in which a diffused inflammation forms rose-colored patches of variable size.

Erythematic (a.) Characterized by, or causing, a morbid redness of the skin; relating to erythema.

Erythematous (a.) Relating to, or causing, erythema.

Erythrean (a.) Alt. of Erythraean

Erythraean (a.) Red in color.

Erythric (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or resembling, erythrin.

Erythrin (n.) Alt. of Erythrine

Erythrine (n.) A colorless crystalline substance, C20H22O10, extracted from certain lichens, as the various species of Rocella. It is a derivative of orsellinic acid. So called because of certain red compounds derived from it. Called also erythric acid.

Erythrine (n.) See Erythrite, 2.

Erythrina (n.) A genus of leguminous plants growing in the tropics; coral tree; -- so called from its red flowers.

Erythrism (n.) A condition of excessive redness. See Erythrochroism.

Erythrite (n.) A colorless crystalline substance, C4H6.(OH)4, of a sweet, cooling taste, extracted from certain lichens, and obtained by the decomposition of erythrin; -- called also erythrol, erythroglucin, erythromannite, pseudorcin, cobalt bloom, and under the name phycite obtained from the alga Protococcus vulgaris. It is a tetrabasic alcohol, corresponding to glycol and glycerin.

Erythrite (n.) A rose-red mineral, crystallized and earthy, a hydrous arseniate of cobalt, known also as cobalt bloom; -- called also erythrin or erythrine.

Erythrochroic (a.) Having, or subject to, erythrochroism.

Erythrochroism (n.) An unusual redness, esp. in the plumage of birds, or hair of mammals, independently of age, sex, or season.

Erythrodextrin (n.) A dextrin which gives a red color with iodine. See Dextrin.

Erythrogen (n.) Carbon disulphide; -- so called from certain red compounds which it produces in combination with other substances.

Erythrogen (n.) A substance reddened by acids, which is supposed to be contained in flowers.

Erythrogen (n.) A crystalline substance obtained from diseased bile, which becomes blood-red when acted on by nitric acid or ammonia.

Erythrogranulose (n.) A term applied by Brucke to a substance present in small amount in starch granules, colored red by iodine.

Erythroid (a.) Of a red color; reddish; as, the erythroid tunic (the cremaster muscle).

Erythroleic (a.) Having a red color and oily appearance; -- applied to a purple semifluid substance said to be obtained from archil.

Erythrolein (n.) A red substance obtained from litmus.

Erythrolitmin (n.) Erythrolein.

Erythronium (n.) A name originally given (from its red acid) to the metal vanadium.

Erythrophleine (n.) A white crystalline alkaloid, extracted from sassy bark (Erythrophleum Guineense).

Erythrophyll (n.) Alt. of Erythrophyllin

Erythrophyllin (n.) The red coloring matter of leaves, fruits, flowers, etc., in distinction from chlorophyll.

Erythrosin (n.) A red substance formed by the oxidation of tyrosin.

Erythrosin (n.) A red dyestuff obtained from fluorescein by the action of iodine.

Erythroxylon (n.) A genus of shrubs or small trees of the Flax family, growing in tropical countries. E. Coca is the source of cocaine. See Coca.

Erythrozyme (n.) A ferment extracted from madder root, possessing the power of inducing alcoholic fermentation in solutions of sugar.

Fra (adv. & prep.) Fro.

Fra (n.) Brother; -- a title of a monk of friar; as, Fra Angelo.

Frab (v. i. & t.) To scold; to nag.

Frabbit (a.) Crabbed; peevish.

Fraction (n.) The act of breaking, or state of being broken, especially by violence.

Fraction (n.) A portion; a fragment.

Fraction (n.) One or more aliquot parts of a unit or whole number; an expression for a definite portion of a unit or magnitude.

Fraction (v. t.) To separate by means of, or to subject to, fractional distillation or crystallization; to fractionate; -- frequently used with out; as, to fraction out a certain grade of oil from pretroleum.

Fractional (a.) Of or pertaining to fractions or a fraction; constituting a fraction; as, fractional numbers.

Fractional (a.) Relatively small; inconsiderable; insignificant; as, a fractional part of the population.

Fractionally (adv.) By fractions or separate portions; as, to distill a liquid fractionally, that is, so as to separate different portions.

Fractionary (a.) Fractional.

Fractionate (v. t.) To separate into different portions or fractions, as in the distillation of liquids.

Fractious (a.) Apt to break out into a passion; apt to scold; cross; snappish; ugly; unruly; as, a fractious man; a fractious horse.

Fractural (a.) Pertaining to, or consequent on, a fracture.

Fracture (n.) The act of breaking or snapping asunder; rupture; breach.

Fracture (n.) The breaking of a bone.

Fracture (n.) The texture of a freshly broken surface; as, a compact fracture; an even, hackly, or conchoidal fracture.

Fractured (imp. & p. p.) of Fracture

Fracturing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Fracture

Fracture (v. t.) To cause a fracture or fractures in; to break; to burst asunder; to crack; to separate the continuous parts of; as, to fracture a bone; to fracture the skull.

Fraenula (pl. ) of Fraenulum

Fraenulum (n.) A fraenum.

Fraenums (pl. ) of Frenum

Fraena (pl. ) of Frenum

Fraenum (n.) Alt. of Frenum

Frenum (n.) A connecting fold of membrane serving to support or restrain any part; as, the fraenum of the tongue.

Fragile (a.) Easily broken; brittle; frail; delicate; easily destroyed.

Fragility (n.) The condition or quality of being fragile; brittleness; frangibility.

Fragility (n.) Weakness; feebleness.

Fragility (n.) Liability to error and sin; frailty.

Fragment (v. t.) A part broken off; a small, detached portion; an imperfect part; as, a fragment of an ancient writing.

Fragmentak (a.) Fragmentary.

Fragmentak (a.) Consisting of the pulverized or fragmentary material of rock, as conglomerate, shale, etc.

Fragmental (n.) A fragmentary rock.

Fragmentarily (adv.) In a fragmentary manner; piecemeal.

Fragmentariness (n.) The quality or property of being in fragnebts, or broken pieces, incompleteness; want of continuity.

Fragmentary (a.) Composed of fragments, or broken pieces; disconnected; not complete or entire.

Fragmentary (a.) Composed of the fragments of other rocks.

Fragmented (a.) Broken into fragments.

Fragmentist (n.) A writer of fragments; as, the fragmentist of Wolfenbuttel.

Fragor (n.) A loud and sudden sound; the report of anything bursting; a crash.

Fragor (n.) A strong or sweet scent.

Fragrance (n.) Alt. of Fragrancy

Fragrancy (n.) The quality of being fragrant; sweetness of smell; a sweet smell; a pleasing odor; perfume.

Fragrant (a.) Affecting the olfactory nerves agreeably; sweet of smell; odorous; having or emitting an agreeable perfume.

Fraight (a.) Same as Fraught.

Frail (n.) A basket made of rushes, used chiefly for containing figs and raisins.

Frail (n.) The quantity of raisins -- about thirty-two, fifty-six, or seventy-five pounds, -- contained in a frail.

Frail (n.) A rush for weaving baskets.

Frail (superl) Easily broken; fragile; not firm or durable; liable to fail and perish; easily destroyed; not tenacious of life; weak; infirm.

Frail (superl) Tender.

Frail (superl) Liable to fall from virtue or be led into sin; not strong against temptation; weak in resolution; also, unchaste; -- often applied to fallen women.

Frailly (adv.) Weakly; infirmly.

Frailness (n.) Frailty.

Frailties (pl. ) of Frailty

Frailty (a.) The condition quality of being frail, physically, mentally, or morally, frailness; infirmity; weakness of resolution; liableness to be deceived or seduced.

Frailty (a.) A fault proceeding from weakness; foible; sin of infirmity.

Fraischeur (a.) Freshness; coolness.

Fraise (n.) A large and thick pancake, with slices of bacon in it.

Fraise (n.) A defense consisting of pointed stakes driven into the ramparts in a horizontal or inclined position.

Fraise (n.) A fluted reamer for enlarging holes in stone; a small milling cutter.

Fraise (v. t.) To protect, as a line of troops, against an onset of cavalry, by opposing bayonets raised obliquely forward.

Fraised (a.) Fortified with a fraise.

Fraken (n.) A freckle.

Framable (a.) Capable of being framed.

Frambaesia (n.) The yaws. See Yaws.

Framed (imp. & p. p.) of Frame

Framing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frame

Frame (v. t.) To construct by fitting and uniting the several parts of the skeleton of any structure; specifically, in woodwork, to put together by cutting parts of one member to fit parts of another. See Dovetail, Halve, v. t., Miter, Tenon, Tooth, Tusk, Scarf, and Splice.

Frame (v. t.) To originate; to plan; to devise; to contrive; to compose; in a bad sense, to invent or fabricate, as something false.

Frame (v. t.) To fit to something else, or for some specific end; to adjust; to regulate; to shape; to conform.

Frame (v. t.) To cause; to bring about; to produce.

Frame (v. t.) To support.

Frame (v. t.) To provide with a frame, as a picture.

Frame (v. i.) To shape; to arrange, as the organs of speech.

Frame (v. i.) To proceed; to go.

Frame (n.) Anything composed of parts fitted and united together; a fabric; a structure; esp., the constructional system, whether of timber or metal, that gives to a building, vessel, etc., its model and strength; the skeleton of a structure.

Frame (n.) The bodily structure; physical constitution; make or build of a person.

Frame (n.) A kind of open case or structure made for admitting, inclosing, or supporting things, as that which incloses or contains a window, door, picture, etc.; that on which anything is held or stretched

Frame (n.) The skeleton structure which supports the boiler and machinery of a locomotive upon its wheels.

Frame (n.) A molding box or flask, which being filled with sand serves as a mold for castings.

Frame (n.) The ribs and stretchers of an umbrella or other structure with a fabric covering.

Frame (n.) A structure of four bars, adjustable in size, on which cloth, etc., is stretched for quilting, embroidery, etc.

Frame (n.) A glazed portable structure for protecting young plants from frost.

Frame (n.) A stand to support the type cases for use by the compositor.

Frame (n.) A term applied, especially in England, to certain machines built upon or within framework; as, a stocking frame; lace frame; spinning frame, etc.

Frame (n.) Form; shape; proportion; scheme; structure; constitution; system; as, a frameof government.

Frame (n.) Particular state or disposition, as of the mind; humor; temper; mood; as, to be always in a happy frame.

Frame (n.) Contrivance; the act of devising or scheming.

Framer (n.) One who frames; as, the framer of a building; the framers of the Constitution.

Framework (n.) The work of framing, or the completed work; the frame or constructional part of anything; as, the framework of society.

Framework (n.) Work done in, or by means of, a frame or loom.

Framing (n.) The act, process, or style of putting together a frame, or of constructing anything; a frame; that which frames.

Framing (n.) A framework, or a sy/ of frames.

Frampel (a.) Alt. of Frampoid

Frampoid (a.) Peevish; cross; vexatious; quarrelsome.

Franc (a.) A silver coin of France, and since 1795 the unit of the French monetary system. It has been adopted by Belgium and Swizerland. It is equivalent to about nineteen cents, or ten pence, and is divided into 100 centimes.

Franchise (a.) Exemption from constraint or oppression; freedom; liberty.

Franchise (a.) A particular privilege conferred by grant from a sovereign or a government, and vested in individuals; an imunity or exemption from ordinary jurisdiction; a constitutional or statutory right or privilege, esp. the right to vote.

Franchise (a.) The district or jurisdiction to which a particular privilege extends; the limits of an immunity; hence, an asylum or sanctuary.

Franchise (a.) Magnanimity; generosity; liberality; frankness; nobility.

Franchised (imp. & p. p.) of Franchise

Franchising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Franchise

Franchise (v. t.) To make free; to enfranchise; to give liberty to.

Franchisement (n.) Release; deliverance; freedom.

Francic (a.) Pertaining to the Franks, or their language; Frankish.

Franciscan (a.) Belonging to the Order of St. Francis of the Franciscans.

Franciscan (n.) A monk or friar of the Order of St. Francis, a large and zealous order of mendicant monks founded in 1209 by St. Francis of Assisi. They are called also Friars Minor; and in England, Gray Friars, because they wear a gray habit.

Francolin (n.) A spurred partidge of the genus Francolinus and allied genera, of Asia and Africa. The common species (F. vulgaris) was formerly common in southern Europe, but is now nearly restricted to Asia.

Francolite (n.) A variety of apatite from Wheal Franco in Devonshire.

Frangent (a.) Causing fracture; breaking.

Frangibility (n.) The state or quality of being frangible.

Frangible (a.) Capable of being broken; brittle; fragile; easily broken.

Frangipane (n.) A perfume of jasmine; frangipani.

Frangipane (n.) A species of pastry, containing cream and almonds.

Frangipani (n.) Alt. of Frangipanni

Frangipanni (n.) A perfume derived from, or imitating the odor of, the flower of the red jasmine, a West Indian tree of the genus Plumeria.

Frangulic (a.) Alt. of Frangulinic

Frangulinic (a.) Pertaining to, or drived from, frangulin, or a species (Rhamnus Frangula) of the buckthorn.

Frangulin (n.) A yellow crystalline dyestuff, regarded as a glucoside, extracted from a species (Rhamnus Frangula) of the buckthorn; -- called also rhamnoxanthin.

Franion (n.) A paramour; a loose woman; also, a gay, idle fellow.

Frank (n.) A pigsty.

Frank (v. t.) To shut up in a frank or sty; to pen up; hence, to cram; to fatten.

Frank (n.) The common heron; -- so called from its note.

Frank (n.) Unbounded by restrictions, limitations, etc.; free.

Frank (n.) Free in uttering one's real sentiments; not reserved; using no disguise; candid; ingenuous; as, a frank nature, conversation, manner, etc.

Frank (n.) Liberal; generous; profuse.

Frank (n.) Unrestrained; loose; licentious; -- used in a bad sense.

Franked (imp. & p. p.) of Frank

Franking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frank

Frank (v. t.) To send by public conveyance free of expense.

Frank (v. t.) To extempt from charge for postage, as a letter, package, or packet, etc.

Frank (a.) The privilege of sending letters or other mail matter, free of postage, or without charge; also, the sign, mark, or signature denoting that a letter or other mail matter is to free of postage.

Frank (a.) A member of one of the German tribes that in the fifth century overran and conquered Gaul, and established the kingdom of France.

Frank (a.) A native or inhabitant of Western Europe; a European; -- a term used in the Levant.

Frank (a.) A French coin. See Franc.

Frankalmoigne (a.) A tenure by which a religious corporation holds lands given to them and their successors forever, usually on condition of praying for the soul of the donor and his heirs; -- called also tenure by free alms.

Frank-chase (n.) The liberty or franchise of having a chase; free chase.

Frank-fee (n.) A species of tenure in fee simple, being the opposite of ancient demesne, or copyhold.

Frankfort black () A black pigment used in copperplate printing, prepared by burning vine twigs, the lees of wine, etc.

Frankincense (n.) A fragrant, aromatic resin, or gum resin, burned as an incense in religious rites or for medicinal fumigation. The best kinds now come from East Indian trees, of the genus Boswellia; a commoner sort, from the Norway spruce (Abies excelsa) and other coniferous trees. The frankincense of the ancient Jews is still unidentified.

Franking (n.) A method of forming a joint at the intersection of window-sash bars, by cutting away only enough wood to show a miter.

Frankish (a.) Like, or pertaining to, the Franks.

Frank-law (n.) The liberty of being sworn in courts, as a juror or witness; one of the ancient privileges of a freeman; free and common law; -- an obsolete expression signifying substantially the same as the American expression civil rights.

Franklin (a.) An English freeholder, or substantial householder.

Franklinic (a.) Of or pertaining to Benjamin Franklin.

Franklinite (n.) A kind of mineral of the spinel group.

Franklin stove () A kind of open stove introduced by Benjamin Franklin, the peculiar feature of which was that a current of heated air was directly supplied to the room from an air box; -- now applied to other varieties of open stoves.

Frankly (adv.) In a frank manner; freely.

Frank-marriage (n.) A certain tenure in tail special; an estate of inheritance given to a man his wife (the wife being of the blood of the donor), and descendible to the heirs of their two bodies begotten.

Frankness (n.) The quality of being frank; candor; openess; ingenuousness; fairness; liberality.

Frankpledge (n.) A pledge or surety for the good behavior of freemen, -- each freeman who was a member of an ancient decennary, tithing, or friborg, in England, being a pledge for the good conduct of the others, for the preservation of the public peace; a free surety.

Frankpledge (n.) The tithing itself.

Frantic (a.) Mad; raving; furious; violent; wild and disorderly; distracted.

Frapped (imp. & p. p.) of Frap

Frapping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frap

Frap (v. t.) To draw together; to bind with a view to secure and strengthen, as a vessel by passing cables around it; to tighten; as a tackle by drawing the lines together.

Frap (v. t.) To brace by drawing together, as the cords of a drum.

Frape (n.) A crowd, a rabble.

Frapler (n.) A blusterer; a rowdy.

Frater (n.) A monk; also, a frater house.

Fraternal (a.) Pf, pertaining to, or involving, brethren; becoming to brothers; brotherly; as, fraternal affection; a fraternal embrace.

Fraternate (v. i.) To fraternize; to hold fellowship.

Fraternation (n.) Alt. of Fraternism

Fraternism (n.) Fraternization.

Fraternities (pl. ) of Fraternity

Fraternity (n.) The state or quality of being fraternal or brotherly; brotherhood.

Fraternity (n.) A body of men associated for their common interest, business, or pleasure; a company; a brotherhood; a society; in the Roman Catholic Chucrch, an association for special religious purposes, for relieving the sick and destitute, etc.

Fraternity (n.) Men of the same class, profession, occupation, character, or tastes.

Fraternization (n.) The act of fraternizing or uniting as brothers.

Fraternized (imp. & p. p.) of Fraternize

Fraternizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Fraternize

Fraternize (v. i.) To associate or hold fellowship as brothers, or as men of like occupation or character; to have brotherly feelings.

Fraternize (v. t.) To bring into fellowship or brotherly sympathy.

Fraternizer (n.) One who fraternizes.

Fratery (n.) A frater house. See under Frater.

Fratrage (n.) A sharing among brothers, or brothers' kin.

Fratricelli (n. pl.) The name which St. Francis of Assisi gave to his followers, early in the 13th century.

Fratricelli (n. pl.) A sect which seceded from the Franciscan Order, chiefly in Italy and Sicily, in 1294, repudiating the pope as an apostate, maintaining the duty of celibacy and poverty, and discountenancing oaths. Called also Fratricellians and Fraticelli.

Fratricidal (a.) Of or pertaining to fratricide; of the nature of fratricide.

Fratricide (n.) The act of one who murders or kills his own brother.

Fratricide (n.) One who murders or kills his own brother.

Fraud (n.) Deception deliberately practiced with a view to gaining an unlawful or unfair advantage; artifice by which the right or interest of another is injured; injurious stratagem; deceit; trick.

Fraud (n.) An intentional perversion of truth for the purpose of obtaining some valuable thing or promise from another.

Fraud (n.) A trap or snare.

Fraudful (a.) Full of fraud, deceit, or treachery; trickish; treacherous; fraudulent; -- applied to persons or things.

Fraudless (a.) Free from fraud.

Fraudulence (n.) Alt. of Fraudulency

Fraudulency (n.) The quality of being fraudulent; deliberate deceit; trickishness.

Fraudulent (a.) Using fraud; trickly; deceitful; dishonest.

Fraudulent (a.) Characterized by,, founded on, or proceeding from, fraund; as, a fraudulent bargain.

Fraudulent (a.) Obtained or performed by artifice; as, fraudulent conquest.

Fraudulently (adv.) In a fraudulent manner.

Fraught (n.) A freight; a cargo.

Fraught (a.) Freighted; laden; filled; stored; charged.

Fraughted (imp. & p. p.) of Fraught

Fraught () of Fraught

Fraughting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Fraught

Fraught (n.) To freight; to load; to burden; to fill; to crowd.

Fraughtage (n.) Freight; loading; cargo.

Fraughting (a.) Constituting the freight or cargo.

Fraunhofer lines () The lines of the spectrun; especially and properly, the dark lines of the solar spectrum, so called because first accurately observed and interpreted by Fraunhofer, a German physicist.

Fraxin (n.) A colorless crystalline substance, regarded as a glucoside, and found in the bark of the ash (Fraxinus) and along with esculin in the bark of the horse-chestnut. It shows a delicate fluorescence in alkaline solutions; -- called also paviin.

Fraxinus (n.) A genus of deciduous forest trees, found in the north temperate zone, and including the true ash trees.

Fray (n.) Affray; broil; contest; combat.

Frayed (imp. & p. p.) of Fray

Fraying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Fray

Fray (v. t.) To frighten; to terrify; to alarm.

Fray (v. t.) To bear the expense of; to defray.

Fray (v. t.) To rub; to wear off, or wear into shreds, by rubbing; to fret, as cloth; as, a deer is said to fray her head.

Fray (v. i.) To rub.

Fray (v. i.) To wear out or into shreads, or to suffer injury by rubbing, as when the threads of the warp or of the woof wear off so that the cross threads are loose; to ravel; as, the cloth frays badly.

Fray (n.) A fret or chafe, as in cloth; a place injured by rubbing.

Fraying (n.) The skin which a deer frays from his horns.

Freaked (imp. & p. p.) of Freak

Freaking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Freak

Freak (v. t.) To variegate; to checker; to streak.

Freak (n.) A sudden causeless change or turn of the mind; a whim of fancy; a capricious prank; a vagary or caprice.

Freaking (a.) Freakish.

Freakish (a.) Apt to change the mind suddenly; whimsical; capricious.

Freck (v. t.) To checker; to diversify.

Freckle (v. t.) A small yellowish or brownish spot in the skin, particularly on the face, neck, or hands.

Freckle (v. t.) Any small spot or discoloration.

Freckled (imp. & p. p.) of Freckle

Freckling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Freckle

Freckle (v. t.) To spinkle or mark with freckle or small discolored spots; to spot.

Freckle (v. i.) To become covered or marked with freckles; to be spotted.

Freckled (a.) Marked with freckles; spotted.

Freckledness (n.) The state of being freckled.

Freckly (a.) Full of or marked with freckles; sprinkled with spots; freckled.

Fred (n.) Peace; -- a word used in composition, especially in proper names; as, Alfred; Frederic.

Fredstole (n.) See Fridstol.

Free (superl.) Exempt from subjection to the will of others; not under restraint, control, or compulsion; able to follow one's own impulses, desires, or inclinations; determining one's own course of action; not dependent; at liberty.

Free (superl.) Not under an arbitrary or despotic government; subject only to fixed laws regularly and fairly administered, and defended by them from encroachments upon natural or acquired rights; enjoying political liberty.

Free (superl.) Liberated, by arriving at a certain age, from the control of parents, guardian, or master.

Free (superl.) Not confined or imprisoned; released from arrest; liberated; at liberty to go.

Free (superl.) Not subjected to the laws of physical necessity; capable of voluntary activity; endowed with moral liberty; -- said of the will.

Free (superl.) Clear of offense or crime; guiltless; innocent.

Free (superl.) Unconstrained by timidity or distrust; unreserved; ingenuous; frank; familiar; communicative.

Free (superl.) Unrestrained; immoderate; lavish; licentious; -- used in a bad sense.

Free (superl.) Not close or parsimonious; liberal; open-handed; lavish; as, free with his money.

Free (superl.) Exempt; clear; released; liberated; not encumbered or troubled with; as, free from pain; free from a burden; -- followed by from, or, rarely, by of.

Free (superl.) Characteristic of one acting without restraint; charming; easy.

Free (superl.) Ready; eager; acting without spurring or whipping; spirited; as, a free horse.

Free (superl.) Invested with a particular freedom or franchise; enjoying certain immunities or privileges; admitted to special rights; -- followed by of.

Free (superl.) Thrown open, or made accessible, to all; to be enjoyed without limitations; unrestricted; not obstructed, engrossed, or appropriated; open; -- said of a thing to be possessed or enjoyed; as, a free school.

Free (superl.) Not gained by importunity or purchase; gratuitous; spontaneous; as, free admission; a free gift.

Free (superl.) Not arbitrary or despotic; assuring liberty; defending individual rights against encroachment by any person or class; instituted by a free people; -- said of a government, institutions, etc.

Free (superl.) Certain or honorable; the opposite of base; as, free service; free socage.

Free (superl.) Privileged or individual; the opposite of common; as, a free fishery; a free warren.

Free (superl.) Not united or combined with anything else; separated; dissevered; unattached; at liberty to escape; as, free carbonic acid gas; free cells.

Free (adv.) Freely; willingly.

Free (adv.) Without charge; as, children admitted free.

Freed (imp. & p. p.) of Free

Freeing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Free

Free (a.) To make free; to set at liberty; to rid of that which confines, limits, embarrasses, oppresses, etc.; to release; to disengage; to clear; -- followed by from, and sometimes by off; as, to free a captive or a slave; to be freed of these inconveniences.

Free (a.) To remove, as something that confines or bars; to relieve from the constraint of.

Free (a.) To frank.

Freebooter (n.) One who plunders or pillages without the authority of national warfare; a member of a predatory band; a pillager; a buccaneer; a sea robber.

Freebootery (n.) The act, practice, or gains of a freebooter; freebooting.

Freebooting (n.) Robbery; plunder; a pillaging.

Freebooting (a.) Acting the freebooter; practicing freebootery; robbing.

Freebooty (n.) Freebootery.

Freeborn (a.) Born free; not born in vassalage; inheriting freedom.

Free-denizen (v. t.) To make free.

Freedmen (pl. ) of Freedman

Freedman (n.) A man who has been a slave, and has been set free.

Freedom (n.) The state of being free; exemption from the power and control of another; liberty; independence.

Freedom (n.) Privileges; franchises; immunities.

Freedom (n.) Exemption from necessity, in choise and action; as, the freedom of the will.

Freedom (n.) Ease; facility; as, he speaks or acts with freedom.

Freedom (n.) Frankness; openness; unreservedness.

Freedom (n.) Improper familiarity; violation of the rules of decorum; license.

Freedom (n.) Generosity; liberality.

Freedstool (n.) See Fridstol.

Free-hand (a.) Done by the hand, without support, or the guidance of instruments; as, free-hand drawing. See under Drawing.

Free-handed (a.) Open-handed; liberal.

Free-hearted (a.) Open; frank; unreserved; liberal; generous; as, free-hearted mirth.

Freehold (n.) An estate in real property, of inheritance (in fee simple or fee tail) or for life; or the tenure by which such estate is held.

Freeholder (n.) The possessor of a freehold.

Free-liver (n.) One who gratifies his appetites without stint; one given to indulgence in eating and drinking.

Free-living (n.) Unrestrained indulgence of the appetites.

Free-love (n.) The doctrine or practice of consorting with the opposite sex, at pleasure, without marriage.

Free-lover (n.) One who believes in or practices free-love.

Freelte (n.) Frailty.

Freely (adv.) In a free manner; without restraint or compulsion; abundantly; gratuitously.

Freemen (pl. ) of Freeman

Freeman (n.) One who enjoys liberty, or who is not subject to the will of another; one not a slave or vassal.

Freeman (n.) A member of a corporation, company, or city, possessing certain privileges; a member of a borough, town, or State, who has the right to vote at elections. See Liveryman.

Free-martin (n.) An imperfect female calf, twinborn with a male.

Freemason (n.) One of an ancient and secret association or fraternity, said to have been at first composed of masons or builders in stone, but now consisting of persons who are united for social enjoyment and mutual assistance.

Freemasonic (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the institutions or the practices of freemasons; as, a freemasonic signal.

Freemasonry (n.) The institutions or the practices of freemasons.

Free-milling (a.) Yielding free gold or silver; -- said of certain ores which can be reduced by crushing and amalgamation, without roasting or other chemical treatment.

Free-minded (a.) Not perplexed; having a mind free from care.

Freeness (n.) The state or quality of being free; freedom; liberty; openness; liberality; gratuitousness.

Freer (n.) One who frees, or sets free.

Free-soil (a.) Pertaining to, or advocating, the non-extension of slavery; -- esp. applied to a party which was active during the period 1846-1856.

Free-spoken (a.) Accustomed to speak without reserve.

Freestone (n.) A stone composed of sand or grit; -- so called because it is easily cut or wrought.

Freestone (a.) Having the flesh readily separating from the stone, as in certain kinds of peaches.

Free-swimming (a.) Swimming in the open sea; -- said of certain marine animals.

Freethinker (n.) One who speculates or forms opinions independently of the authority of others; esp., in the sphere or religion, one who forms opinions independently of the authority of revelation or of the church; an unbeliever; -- a term assumed by deists and skeptics in the eighteenth century.

Freethinking (n.) Undue boldness of speculation; unbelief.

Freethinking (a.) Exhibiting undue boldness of speculation; skeptical.

Free-tongued (a.) Speaking without reserve.

Free will () A will free from improper coercion or restraint.

Free will () The power asserted of moral beings of willing or choosing without the restraints of physical or absolute necessity.

Freewill (a.) Of or pertaining to free will; voluntary; spontaneous; as, a freewill offering.

Freezable (a.) Capable of being frozen.

Freeze (n.) A frieze.

Froze (imp.) of Freeze

Frozen (p. p.) of Freeze

Freezing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Freeze

Freeze (v. i.) To become congealed by cold; to be changed from a liquid to a solid state by the abstraction of heat; to be hardened into ice or a like solid body.

Freeze (v. i.) To become chilled with cold, or as with cold; to suffer loss of animation or life by lack of heat; as, the blood freezes in the veins.

Freeze (v. t.) To congeal; to harden into ice; to convert from a fluid to a solid form by cold, or abstraction of heat.

Freeze (v. t.) To cause loss of animation or life in, from lack of heat; to give the sensation of cold to; to chill.

Freeze (n.) The act of congealing, or the state of being congealed.

Freezer (n.) One who, or that which, cools or freezes, as a refrigerator, or the tub and can used in the process of freezing ice cream.

Freezing (a.) Tending to freeze; for freezing; hence, cold or distant in manner.

Freieslebenite (n.) A sulphide of antimony, lead, and silver, occuring in monoclinic crystals.

Freight (n.) That with which anything in fraught or laden for transportation; lading; cargo, especially of a ship, or a car on a railroad, etc.; as, a freight of cotton; a full freight.

Freight (n.) The sum paid by a party hiring a ship or part of a ship for the use of what is thus hired.

Freight (n.) The price paid a common carrier for the carriage of goods.

Freight (n.) Freight transportation, or freight line.

Freight (a.) Employed in the transportation of freight; having to do with freight; as, a freight car.

Freighted (imp. & p. p.) of Freight

Freighting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Freight

Freight (v. t.) To load with goods, as a ship, or vehicle of any kind, for transporting them from one place to another; to furnish with freight; as, to freight a ship; to freight a car.

Freightage (n.) Charge for transportation; expense of carriage.

Freightage (n.) The transportation of freight.

Freightage (n.) Freight; cargo; lading. Milton.

Freighter (n.) One who loads a ship, or one who charters and loads a ship.

Freighter (n.) One employed in receiving and forwarding freight.

Freighter (n.) One for whom freight is transported.

Freighter (n.) A vessel used mainly to carry freight.

Freightless (a.) Destitute of freight.

Frelte (n.) Frailty.

Fremd (a.) Alt. of Fremed

Fremed (a.) Strange; foreign.

Fren (a.) A stranger.

French (a.) Of or pertaining to France or its inhabitants.

French (n.) The language spoken in France.

French (n.) Collectively, the people of France.

Frenchified (imp. & p. p.) of Frenchify

Frenchifying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frenchify

Frenchify (v. t.) To make French; to infect or imbue with the manners or tastes of the French; to Gallicize.

Frenchism (n.) A French mode or characteristic; an idiom peculiar to the French language.

Frenchmen (pl. ) of Frenchman

Frenchman (n.) A native or one of the people of France.

Frenetir (a.) Distracted; mad; frantic; phrenetic.

Frenetical (a.) Frenetic; frantic; frenzied.

Frenums (pl. ) of Frenum

Frena (pl. ) of Frenum

Frenum (n.) A cheek stripe of color.

Frenum (n.) Same as Fraenum.

Frenzical (a.) Frantic.

Frenzied (p. p. & a.) Affected with frenzy; frantic; maddened.

Frenzies (pl. ) of Frenzy

Frenzy (n.) Any violent agitation of the mind approaching to distraction; violent and temporary derangement of the mental faculties; madness; rage.

Frenzy (a.) Mad; frantic.

Frenzy (v. t.) To affect with frenzy; to drive to madness

Frequence (n.) A crowd; a throng; a concourse.

Frequence (n.) Frequency; abundance.

Frequencies (pl. ) of Frequency

Frequency (n.) The condition of returning frequently; occurrence often repeated; common occurence; as, the frequency of crimes; the frequency of miracles.

Frequency (n.) A crowd; a throng.

Frequent (n.) Often to be met with; happening at short intervals; often repeated or occurring; as, frequent visits.

Frequent (n.) Addicted to any course of conduct; inclined to indulge in any practice; habitual; persistent.

Frequent (n.) Full; crowded; thronged.

Frequent (n.) Often or commonly reported.

Frequented (imp. & p. p.) of Frequent

Frequenting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frequent

Frequent (a.) To visit often; to resort to often or habitually.

Frequent (a.) To make full; to fill.

Frequentable (a.) Accessible.

Frequentage (n.) The practice or habit of frequenting.

Frequentation (n.) The act or habit of frequenting or visiting often; resort.

Frequentative (a.) Serving to express the frequent repetition of an action; as, a frequentative verb.

Frequentative (n.) A frequentative verb.

Frequenter (n.) One who frequents; one who often visits, or resorts to customarily.

Frequently (adv.) At frequent or short intervals; many times; often; repeatedly; commonly.

Frequentness (n.) The quality of being frequent.

Frere (n.) A friar.

Frescade (a.) A cool walk; shady place.

Frescoes (pl. ) of Fresco

Frescos (pl. ) of Fresco

Fresco (a.) A cool, refreshing state of the air; duskiness; coolness; shade.

Fresco (a.) The art of painting on freshly spread plaster, before it dries.

Fresco (a.) In modern parlance, incorrectly applied to painting on plaster in any manner.

Fresco (a.) A painting on plaster in either of senses a and b.

Frescoed (imp. & p. p.) of Fresco

Frescoing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Fresco

Fresco (v. t.) To paint in fresco, as walls.

Fresh (superl) Possessed of original life and vigor; new and strong; unimpaired; sound.

Fresh (superl) New; original; additional.

Fresh (superl) Lately produced, gathered, or prepared for market; not stale; not dried or preserved; not wilted, faded, or tainted; in good condition; as, fresh vegetables, flowers, eggs, meat, fruit, etc.; recently made or obtained; occurring again; repeated; as, a fresh supply of goods; fresh tea, raisins, etc.; lately come or made public; as, fresh news; recently taken from a well or spring; as, fresh water.

Fresh (superl) Youthful; florid; as, these fresh nymphs.

Fresh (superl) In a raw, green, or untried state; uncultivated; uncultured; unpracticed; as, a fresh hand on a ship.

Fresh (superl) Renewed in vigor, alacrity, or readiness for action; as, fresh for a combat; hence, tending to renew in vigor; rather strong; cool or brisk; as, a fresh wind.

Fresh (superl) Not salt; as, fresh water, in distinction from that which is from the sea, or brackish; fresh meat, in distinction from that which is pickled or salted.

Freshes (pl. ) of Fresh

Fresh (n.) A stream or spring of fresh water.

Fresh (n.) A flood; a freshet.

Fresh (n.) The mingling of fresh water with salt in rivers or bays, as by means of a flood of fresh water flowing toward or into the sea.

Fresh (v. t.) To refresh; to freshen.

Freshened (imp. & p. p.) of Freshen

Freshening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Freshen

Freshen (v. t.) To make fresh; to separate, as water, from saline ingredients; to make less salt; as, to freshen water, fish, or flesh.

Freshen (v. t.) To refresh; to revive.

Freshen (v. t.) To relieve, as a rope, by change of place where friction wears it; or to renew, as the material used to prevent chafing; as, to freshen a hawse.

Freshen (v. i.) To grow fresh; to lose saltness.

Freshen (v. i.) To grow brisk or strong; as, the wind freshens.

Freshet (a.) A stream of fresh water.

Freshet (a.) A flood or overflowing of a stream caused by heavy rains or melted snow; a sudden inundation.

Freshly (adv.) In a fresh manner; vigorously; newly, recently; brightly; briskly; coolly; as, freshly gathered; freshly painted; the wind blows freshly.

Freshmen (pl. ) of Freshman

Freshman (n.) novice; one in the rudiments of knowledge; especially, a student during his fist year in a college or university.

Freshmanship (n.) The state of being a freshman.

Freshment (n.) Refreshment.

Freshness (n.) The state of being fresh.

Fresh-new (a.) Unpracticed.

Fresh-water (a.) Of, pertaining to, or living in, water not salt; as, fresh-water geological deposits; a fresh-water fish; fresh-water mussels.

Fresh-water (a.) Accustomed to sail on fresh water only; unskilled as a seaman; as, a fresh-water sailor.

Fresh-water (a.) Unskilled; raw.

Fresnel lamp () Alt. of Fres'nel' lan'tern

Fres'nel' lan'tern () A lantern having a lamp surrounded by a hollow cylindrical Fresnel lens.

Fresnel lens () See under Lens.

Fret (n.) See 1st Frith.

Fretted (imp. & p. p.) of Fret

Fretting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Fret

Fret (v. t.) To devour.

Fret (v. t.) To rub; to wear away by friction; to chafe; to gall; hence, to eat away; to gnaw; as, to fret cloth; to fret a piece of gold or other metal; a worm frets the plants of a ship.

Fret (v. t.) To impair; to wear away; to diminish.

Fret (v. t.) To make rough, agitate, or disturb; to cause to ripple; as, to fret the surface of water.

Fret (v. t.) To tease; to irritate; to vex.

Fret (v. i.) To be worn away; to chafe; to fray; as, a wristband frets on the edges.

Fret (v. i.) To eat in; to make way by corrosion.

Fret (v. i.) To be agitated; to be in violent commotion; to rankle; as, rancor frets in the malignant breast.

Fret (v. i.) To be vexed; to be chafed or irritated; to be angry; to utter peevish expressions.

Fret (n.) The agitation of the surface of a fluid by fermentation or other cause; a rippling on the surface of water.

Fret (n.) Agitation of mind marked by complaint and impatience; disturbance of temper; irritation; as, he keeps his mind in a continual fret.

Fret (n.) Herpes; tetter.

Fret (n.) The worn sides of river banks, where ores, or stones containing them, accumulate by being washed down from the hills, and thus indicate to the miners the locality of the veins.

Fret (v. t.) To ornament with raised work; to variegate; to diversify.

Fret (n.) Ornamental work in relief, as carving or embossing. See Fretwork.

Fret (n.) An ornament consisting of smmall fillets or slats intersecting each other or bent at right angles, as in classical designs, or at obilique angles, as often in Oriental art.

Fret (n.) The reticulated headdress or net, made of gold or silver wire, in which ladies in the Middle Ages confined their hair.

Fret (n.) A saltire interlaced with a mascle.

Fret (n.) A short piece of wire, or other material fixed across the finger board of a guitar or a similar instrument, to indicate where the finger is to be placed.

Fret (v. t.) To furnish with frets, as an instrument of music.

Fretful (a.) Disposed to fret; ill-humored; peevish; angry; in a state of vexation; as, a fretful temper.

Frett (n.) The worn side of the bank of a river. See 4th Fret, n., 4.

Frett (n.) A vitreous compound, used by potters in glazing, consisting of lime, silica, borax, lead, and soda.

Fretted (p. p. & a.) Rubbed or worn away; chafed.

Fretted (p. p. & a.) Agitated; vexed; worried.

Fretted (p. p. & a.) Ornamented with fretwork; furnished with frets; variegated; made rough on the surface.

Fretted (p. p. & a.) Interlaced one with another; -- said of charges and ordinaries.

Fretten (a.) Rubbed; marked; as, pock-fretten, marked with the smallpox.

Fretter (n.) One who, or that which, frets.

Fretty (a.) Adorned with fretwork.

Freta (pl. ) of Fretum

Fretum (n.) A strait, or arm of the sea.

Fretwork (n.) Work adorned with frets; ornamental openwork or work in relief, esp. when elaborate and minute in its parts. Hence, any minute play of light and shade, dark and light, or the like.

Freya (n.) The daughter of Njord, and goddess of love and beauty; the Scandinavian Venus; -- in Teutonic myths confounded with Frigga, but in Scandinavian, distinct.

Friabiiity (n.) The quality of being friable; friableness.

Friable (a.) Easily crumbled, pulverized, or reduced to powder.

Friar (n.) A brother or member of any religious order, but especially of one of the four mendicant orders, viz: (a) Minors, Gray Friars, or Franciscans. (b) Augustines. (c) Dominicans or Black Friars. (d) White Friars or Carmelites. See these names in the Vocabulary.

Friar (n.) A white or pale patch on a printed page.

Friar (n.) An American fish; the silversides.

Friarly (a.) Like a friar; inexperienced.

Friary (n.) Like a friar; pertaining to friars or to a convent.

Friary (n.) A monastery; a convent of friars.

Friary (n.) The institution or praactices of friars.

Friation (n.) The act of breaking up or pulverizing.

Frible (a.) Frivolous; trifling; sily.

Fribble (n.) A frivolous, contemptible fellow; a fop.

Fribble (v. i.) To act in a trifling or foolish manner; to act frivolously.

Fribble (v. i.) To totter.

Fribbler (n.) A trifler; a fribble.

Fribbling (a.) Frivolous; trining; toolishly captious.

Friborg (n.) Alt. of Friborgh

Friborgh (n.) The pledge and tithing, afterwards called by the Normans frankpledge. See Frankpledge.

Fricace (n.) Meat sliced and dressed with strong sauce.

Fricace (n.) An unguent; also, the act of rubbing with the unguent.

Fricandeau (n.) Alt. of Fricando

Fricando (n.) A ragout or fricassee of veal; a fancy dish of veal or of boned turkey, served as an entree, -- called also fricandel.

Fricassee (n.) A dish made of fowls, veal, or other meat of small animals cut into pieces, and stewed in a gravy.

Fricassed (imp. & p. p.) of Frlcassee

Fricasseeing (p. pr. &. vb. n.) of Frlcassee

Frlcassee (v. t.) To dress like a fricassee.

Frication (n.) Friction.

Fricative (a.) Produced by the friction or rustling of the breath, intonated or unintonated, through a narrow opening between two of the mouth organs; uttered through a close approach, but not with a complete closure, of the organs of articulation, and hence capable of being continued or prolonged; -- said of certain consonantal sounds, as f, v, s, z, etc.

Fricative (n.) A fricative consonant letter or sound.

Fricatrice (n.) A lewd woman; a harlot.

Frickle (n.) A bushel basket.

Ftiction (n.) The act of rubbing the surface of one body against that of another; attrition; in hygiene, the act of rubbing the body with the hand, with flannel, or with a brush etc., to excite the skin to healthy action.

Ftiction (n.) The resistance which a body meets with from the surface on which it moves. It may be resistance to sliding motion, or to rolling motion.

Ftiction (n.) A clashing between two persons or parties in opinions or work; a disagreement tending to prevent or retard progress.

Frictional (a.) Relating to friction; moved by friction; produced by friction; as, frictional electricity.

Frictionless (a.) Having no friction.

Friday (n.) The sixth day of the week, following Thursday and preceding Saturday.

Fridge (n.) To rub; to fray.

Fridstol (n.) Alt. of Frithstool

Frithstool (n.) A seat in churches near the altar, to which offenders formerly fled for sanctuary.

Fried () imp. & p. p. of Fry.

Friend (n.) One who entertains for another such sentiments of esteem, respect, and affection that he seeks his society aud welfare; a wellwisher; an intimate associate; sometimes, an attendant.

Friend (n.) One not inimical or hostile; one not a foe or enemy; also, one of the same nation, party, kin, etc., whose friendly feelings may be assumed. The word is some times used as a term of friendly address.

Friend (n.) One who looks propitiously on a cause, an institution, a project, and the like; a favorer; a promoter; as, a friend to commerce, to poetry, to an institution.

Friend (n.) One of a religious sect characterized by disuse of outward rites and an ordained ministry, by simplicity of dress and speech, and esp. by opposition to war and a desire to live at peace with all men. They are popularly called Quakers.

Friend (n.) A paramour of either sex.

Friended (imp. & p. p.) of Friend

Friending (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Friend

Friend (v. t.) To act as the friend of; to favor; to countenance; to befriend.

Friended (a.) Having friends;

Friended (a.) Inclined to love; well-disposed.

Friending (n.) Friendliness.

Friendless (a.) Destitute of friends; forsaken.

Friendlily (adv.) In a friendly manner.

Friendliness (n.) The condition or quality of being friendly.

Friendly (a.) Having the temper and disposition of a friend; disposed to promote the good of another; kind; favorable.

Friendly (a.) Appropriate to, or implying, friendship; befitting friends; amicable.

Friendly (a.) Not hostile; as, a friendly power or state.

Friendly (a.) Promoting the good of any person; favorable; propitious; serviceable; as, a friendly breeze or gale.

Friendly (adv.) In the manner of friends; amicably; like friends.

Friendship (n.) The state of being friends; friendly relation, or attachment, to a person, or between persons; affection arising from mutual esteem and good will; friendliness; amity; good will.

Friendship (n.) Kindly aid; help; assistance,

Friendship (n.) Aptness to unite; conformity; affinity; harmony; correspondence.

Frier (n.) One who fries.

Friese (n.) Same as Friesic, n.

Friesic (a.) Of or pertaining to Friesland, a province in the northern part of the Netherlands.

Friesic (n.) The language of the Frisians, a Teutonic people formerly occupying a large part of the coast of Holland and Northwestern Germany. The modern dialects of Friesic are spoken chiefly in the province of Friesland, and on some of the islands near the coast of Germany and Denmark.

Friesish (a.) Friesic.

Frieze (n.) That part of the entablature of an order which is between the architrave and cornice. It is a flat member or face, either uniform or broken by triglyphs, and often enriched with figures and other ornaments of sculpture.

Frieze (n.) Any sculptured or richly ornamented band in a building or, by extension, in rich pieces of furniture. See Illust. of Column.

Frieze (n.) A kind of coarse woolen cloth or stuff with a shaggy or tufted (friezed) nap on one side.

Frieze (v. t.) To make a nap on (cloth); to friz. See Friz, v. t., 2.

Friezed (a.) Gathered, or having the map gathered, into little tufts, knots, or protuberances. Cf. Frieze, v. t., and Friz, v. t., 2.

Friezer (n.) One who, or that which, friezes or frizzes.

Frigate (n.) Originally, a vessel of the Mediterranean propelled by sails and by oars. The French, about 1650, transferred the name to larger vessels, and by 1750 it had been appropriated for a class of war vessels intermediate between corvettes and ships of the line. Frigates, from about 1750 to 1850, had one full battery deck and, often, a spar deck with a lighter battery. They carried sometimes as many as fifty guns. After the application of steam to navigation steam frigates of largely increased size and power were built, and formed the main part of the navies of the world till about 1870, when the introduction of ironclads superseded them.

Frigate (n.) Any small vessel on the water.

Frigate-built (a.) Built like a frigate with a raised quarter-deck and forecastle.

Frigatoon (n.) A Venetian vessel, with a square stern, having only a mainmast, jigger mast, and bowsprit; also a sloop of war ship-rigged.

Frigefaction (n.) The act of making cold. [Obs.]

Frigefactive (a.) Cooling.

Frigerate (e. t.) To make cool.

Frigg (n.) Alt. of Frigga

Frigga (n.) The wife of Odin and mother of the gods; the supreme goddess; the Juno of the Valhalla. Cf. Freya.

Fright (n.) A state of terror excited by the sudden appearance of danger; sudden and violent fear, usually of short duration; a sudden alarm.

Fright (n.) Anything strange, ugly or shocking, producing a feeling of alarm or aversion.

Frighted (imp.) of Fright

Frighting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Fright

Fright (n.) To alarm suddenly; to shock by causing sudden fear; to terrify; to scare.

Frightened (imp.) of Frighten

Frightening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frighten

Frighten (v. t.) To disturb with fear; to throw into a state of alarm or fright; to affright; to terrify.

Frightful (a.) Full of fright; affrighted; frightened.

Frightful (a.) Full of that which causes fright; exciting alarm; impressing terror; shocking; as, a frightful chasm, or tempest; a frightful appearance.

Frightfully (adv.) In a frightful manner; to a frightful dagree.

Frightfulness (n.) The quality of being frightful.

Frightless (a.) Free from fright; fearless.

Frightment (n.) Fear; terror.

Frigid (a.) Cold; wanting heat or warmth; of low temperature; as, a frigid climate.

Frigid (a.) Wanting warmth, fervor, ardor, fire, vivacity, etc.; unfeeling; forbidding in manner; dull and unanimated; stiff and formal; as, a frigid constitution; a frigid style; a frigid look or manner; frigid obedience or service.

Frigid (a.) Wanting natural heat or vigor sufficient to excite the generative power; impotent.

Frigidaria (pl. ) of Frigidarium

Frigidarium (n.) The cooling room of the Roman thermae, furnished with a cold bath.

Prigidity (n.) The condition or quality of being frigid; coldness; want of warmth.

Prigidity (n.) Want of ardor, animation, vivacity, etc.; coldness of affection or of manner; dullness; stiffness and formality; as, frigidity of a reception, of a bow, etc.

Prigidity (n.) Want of heat or vigor; as, the frigidity of old age.

Frigidly (adv.) In a frigid manner; coldly; dully; without affection.

Frigidness (n.) The state of being frigid; want of heat, vigor, or affection; coldness; dullness.

Frigorific (a.) Alt. of Frigorifical

Frigorifical (a.) Causing cold; producing or generating cold.

Frilled (imp. & p. p.) of Frill

Frilling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frill

Frill (v. i.) To shake or shiver as with cold; as, the hawk frills.

Frill (v. i.) To wrinkle; -- said of the gelatin film.

Frill (v. t.) To provide or decorate with a frill or frills; to turn back. in crimped plaits; as, to frill a cap.

Frill (v. i.) A ruffing of a bird's feathers from cold.

Frill (v. i.) A ruffle, consisting of a fold of membrane, of hairs, or of feathers, around the neck of an animal.

Frill (v. i.) A similar ruffle around the legs or other appendages of animals.

Frill (v. i.) A ruffled varex or fold on certain shells.

Frill (v. i.) A border or edging secured at one edge and left free at the other, usually fluted or crimped like a very narrow flounce.

Frilled (a.) Furnished with a frill or frills.

Frim (a.) Flourishing; thriving; fresh; in good case; vigorous.

Frimaire (n.) The third month of the French republican calendar. It commenced November 21, and ended December 20., See Vendemiaire.

Fringe (n.) An ornamental appendage to the border of a piece of stuff, originally consisting of the ends of the warp, projecting beyond the woven fabric; but more commonly made separate and sewed on, consisting sometimes of projecting ends, twisted or plaited together, and sometimes of loose threads of wool, silk, or linen, or narrow strips of leather, or the like.

Fringe (n.) Something resembling in any respect a fringe; a line of objects along a border or edge; a border; an edging; a margin; a confine.

Fringe (n.) One of a number of light or dark bands, produced by the interference of light; a diffraction band; -- called also interference fringe.

Fringe (n.) The peristome or fringelike appendage of the capsules of most mosses. See Peristome.

Fringed (imp. & p. p.) of Fringe

Fringing (p. pr. & vb. a.) of Fringe

Fringe (v. t.) To adorn the edge of with a fringe or as with a fringe.

Fringed (a.) Furnished with a fringe.

Fringeless (a.) Having no fringe.

Fringent (a.) Encircling like a fringe; bordering.

Fringilla (a.) A genus of birds, with a short, conical, pointed bill. It formerly included all the sparrows and finches, but is now restricted to certain European finches, like the chaffinch and brambling.

Fringillaceous (a.) Fringilline.

Fringilline (a.) Pertaining to the family Fringillidae; characteristic of finches; sparrowlike.

Fringy (a.) Aborned with fringes.

Fripper (n.) One who deals in frippery or in old clothes.

Fripperer (n.) A fripper.

Frippery (n.) Coast-off clothes.

Frippery (n.) Hence: Secondhand finery; cheap and tawdry decoration; affected elegance.

Frippery (n.) A place where old clothes are sold.

Frippery (n.) The trade or traffic in old clothes.

Frippery (a.) Trifling; contemptible.

Friseur' (n.) A hairdresser.

Frisian (a.) Of or pertaining to Friesland, a province of the Netherlands; Friesic.

Frisian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Friesland; also, the language spoken in Friesland. See Friesic, n.

Frisk (a.) Lively; brisk; frolicsome; frisky.

Frisk (a.) A frolic; a fit of wanton gayety; a gambol: a little playful skip or leap.

Frisked (imp. & p. p.) of Frisk

Frisking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frisk

Frisk (v. i.) To leap, skip, dance, or gambol, in fronc and gayety.

Friskal (n.) A leap or caper.

Frisker (n.) One who frisks; one who leaps of dances in gayety; a wanton; an inconstant or unsettled person.

Frisket (a.) The light frame which holds the sheet of paper to the tympan in printing.

Friskful (a.) Brisk; lively; frolicsome.

Friskily' (adv.) In a frisky manner.

Friskiness (n.) State or quality of being frisky.

Frisky (a.) Inclined to frisk; frolicsome; gay.

Frislet (n.) A kind of small ruffle.

Frist (v. t.) To sell upon credit, as goods.

Frisure (n.) The dressing of the hair by crisping or curling.

Frit (v. t.) The material of which glass is made, after having been calcined or partly fused in a furnace, but before vitrification. It is a composition of silex and alkali, occasionally with other ingredients.

Frit (v. t.) The material for glaze of pottery.

Fritted (imp. & p. p.) of Frit

Fritting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frit

Frit (v. t.) To prepare by heat (the materials for making glass); to fuse partially.

Frit (v. t.) To fritter; -- with away.

Frith (n.) A narrow arm of the sea; an estuary; the opening of a river into the sea; as, the Frith of Forth.

Frith (n.) A kind of weir for catching fish.

Frith (a.) A forest; a woody place.

Frith (a.) A small field taken out of a common, by inclosing it; an inclosure.

Frithy (a.) Woody.

Fritillaria (n.) A genus of liliaceous plants, of which the crown-imperial (Fritillaria imperialis) is one species, and the Guinea-hen flower (F. Meleagris) another. See Crown-imperial.

Fritillary (n.) A plant with checkered petals, of the genus Fritillaria: the Guinea-hen flower. See Fritillaria.

Fritillary (n.) One of several species of butterflies belonging to Argynnis and allied genera; -- so called because the coloring of their wings resembles that of the common Fritillaria. See Aphrodite.

Fritinancy (n.) A chirping or creaking, as of a cricket.

Fritter (v. t.) A small quantity of batter, fried in boiling lard or in a frying pan. Fritters are of various kinds, named from the substance inclosed in the batter; as, apple fritters, clam fritters, oyster fritters.

Fritter (v. t.) A fragment; a shred; a small piece.

Frittered (imp. & p. p.) of Fritter

Frittering (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Fritter

Fritter (v. t.) To cut, as meat, into small pieces, for frying.

Fritter (v. t.) To break into small pieces or fragments.

Fritting (n.) The formation of frit or slag by heat with but incipient fusion.

Frivolism (n.) Frivolity.

Frivolities (pl. ) of Frivolity

Frivolity (n.) The condition or quality of being frivolous; also, acts or habits of trifling; unbecoming levity of disposition.

Frivolous (a.) Of little weight or importance; not worth notice; slight; as, a frivolous argument.

Frivolous (a.) Given to trifling; marked with unbecoming levity; silly; interested especially in trifling matters.

Frizzed (imp. & p. p.) of Friz

Frizzing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Friz

Friz (v. t.) To curl or form into small curls, as hair, with a crisping pin; to crisp.

Friz (v. t.) To form into little burs, prominences, knobs, or tufts, as the nap of cloth.

Friz (v. t.) To soften and make of even thickness by rubbing, as with pumice stone or a blunt instrument.

Frizzes (pl. ) of Friz

Friz (n.) That which is frizzed; anything crisped or curled, as a wig; a frizzle.

Frize (n.) See 1st Frieze.

Frizel (a.) A movable furrowed piece of steel struck by the flint, to throw sparks into the pan, in an early form of flintlock.

Frizette (n.) A curl of hair or silk; a pad of frizzed hair or silk worn by women under the hair to stuff it out.

Frizz (v. t. & n.) See Friz, v. t. & n.

Frizzled (imp. & p. p.) of Frizzle

Frizzling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frizzle

Frizzle (v. t.) To curl or crisp, as hair; to friz; to crinkle.

Frizzle (n.) A curl; a lock of hair crisped.

Frizzler (n.) One who frizzles.

Frizzly (a.) Alt. of Frizzy

Frizzy (a.) Curled or crisped; as, frizzly, hair.

Fro (adv.) From; away; back or backward; -- now used only in opposition to the word to, in the phrase to and fro, that is, to and from. See To and fro under To.

Fro (prep.) From.

Frock (n.) A loose outer garment; especially, a gown forming a part of European modern costume for women and children; also, a coarse shirtlike garment worn by some workmen over their other clothes; a smock frock; as, a marketman's frock.

Frock (n.) A coarse gown worn by monks or friars, and supposed to take the place of all, or nearly all, other garments. It has a hood which can be drawn over the head at pleasure, and is girded by a cord.

Frock (v. t.) To clothe in a frock.

Frock (v. t.) To make a monk of. Cf. Unfrock.

Frocked (a.) Clothed in a frock.

Frockless (a.) Destitute of a frock.

Froe (n.) A dirty woman; a slattern; a frow.

Froe (n.) An iron cleaver or splitting tool; a frow.

Frog (n.) An amphibious animal of the genus Rana and related genera, of many species. Frogs swim rapidly, and take long leaps on land. Many of the species utter loud notes in the springtime.

Frog (n.) The triangular prominence of the hoof, in the middle of the sole of the foot of the horse, and other animals; the fourchette.

Frog (n.) A supporting plate having raised ribs that form continuations of the rails, to guide the wheels where one track branches from another or crosses it.

Frog (n.) An oblong cloak button, covered with netted thread, and fastening into a loop instead of a button hole.

Frog (n.) The loop of the scabbard of a bayonet or sword.

Frog (v. t.) To ornament or fasten (a coat, etc.) with trogs. See Frog, n., 4.

Frogbit (n.) A European plant (Hydrocharis Morsus-ranae), floating on still water and propagating itself by runners. It has roundish leaves and small white flowers.

Frogbit (n.) An American plant (Limnobium Spongia), with similar habits.

Frogfish (n.) See Angler, n., 2.

Frogfish (n.) An oceanic fish of the genus Antennarius or Pterophrynoides; -- called also mousefish and toadfish.

Frogged (a.) Provided or ornamented with frogs; as, a frogged coat. See Frog, n., 4.

Froggy (a.) Abounding in frogs.

Frogmouth (n.) One of several species of Asiatic and East Indian birds of the genus Batrachostomus (family Podargidae); -- so called from their very broad, flat bills.

Frogs-bit (n.) Frogbit.

Frogshell (n.) One of numerous species of marine gastropod shells, belonging to Ranella and allied genera.

Froise (n.) A kind of pancake. See 1st Fraise.

Frolic (a.) Full of levity; dancing, playing, or frisking about; full of pranks; frolicsome; gay; merry.

Frolic (n.) A wild prank; a flight of levity, or of gayety and mirth.

Frolic (n.) A scene of gayety and mirth, as in lively play, or in dancing; a merrymaking.

Frolicked (imp. & p. p.) of Frolic

Frolicking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frolic

Frolic (v. i.) To play wild pranks; to play tricks of levity, mirth, and gayety; to indulge in frolicsome play; to sport.

Frolicful (a.) Frolicsome.

Frolicky (a.) Frolicsome.

Frolicly (adv.) In a frolicsome manner; with mirth and gayety.

Frolicsome (a.) Full of gayety and mirth; given to pranks; sportive.

From (prep.) Out of the neighborhood of; lessening or losing proximity to; leaving behind; by reason of; out of; by aid of; -- used whenever departure, setting out, commencement of action, being, state, occurrence, etc., or procedure, emanation, absence, separation, etc., are to be expressed. It is construed with, and indicates, the point of space or time at which the action, state, etc., are regarded as setting out or beginning; also, less frequently, the source, the cause, the occasion, out of which anything proceeds; -- the aritithesis and correlative of to; as, it, is one hundred miles from Boston to Springfield; he took his sword from his side; light proceeds from the sun; separate the coarse wool from the fine; men have all sprung from Adam, and often go from good to bad, and from bad to worse; the merit of an action depends on the principle from which it proceeds; men judge of facts from personal knowledge, or from testimony.

Fromward (prep.) Alt. of Fromwards

Fromwards (prep.) A way from; -- the contrary of toward.

Frond (n.) The organ formed by the combination or union into one body of stem and leaf, and often bearing the fructification; as, the frond of a fern or of a lichen or seaweed; also, the peculiar leaf of a palm tree.

Frondation (n.) The act of stripping, as trees, of leaves or branches; a kind of pruning.

Fronde (n.) A political party in France, during the minority of Louis XIV., who opposed the government, and made war upon the court party.

Fronded (a.) Furnished with fronds.

Frondent (a.) Covered with leaves; leafy; as, a frondent tree.

Frondesce (v. i.) To unfold leaves, as plants.

Frondescence (n.) The time at which each species of plants unfolds its leaves.

Frondescence (n.) The act of bursting into leaf.

Frondeur (n.) A member of the Fronde.

Frondiferous (a.) Producing fronds.

Frondlet (n.) A very small frond, or distinct portion of a compound frond.

Frondose (a.) Frond bearing; resembling a frond; having a simple expansion not separable into stem and leaves.

Frondose (a.) Leafy.

Frondous (a.) Frondose.

Frons (n.) The forehead; the part of the cranium between the orbits and the vertex.

Front (n.) The forehead or brow, the part of the face above the eyes; sometimes, also, the whole face.

Front (n.) The forehead, countenance, or personal presence, as expressive of character or temper, and especially, of boldness of disposition, sometimes of impudence; seeming; as, a bold front; a hardened front.

Front (n.) The part or surface of anything which seems to look out, or to be directed forward; the fore or forward part; the foremost rank; the van; -- the opposite to back or rear; as, the front of a house; the front of an army.

Front (n.) A position directly before the face of a person, or before the foremost part of a thing; as, in front of un person, of the troops, or of a house.

Front (n.) The most conspicuous part.

Front (n.) That which covers the foremost part of the head: a front piece of false hair worn by women.

Front (n.) The beginning.

Front (a.) Of or relating to the front or forward part; having a position in front; foremost; as, a front view.

Fronted (imp. & p. p.) of Front

Fronting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Front

Front (v. t.) To oppose face to face; to oppose directly; to meet in a hostile manner.

Front (v. t.) To appear before; to meet.

Front (v. t.) To face toward; to have the front toward; to confront; as, the house fronts the street.

Front (v. t.) To stand opposed or opposite to, or over against as, his house fronts the church.

Front (v. t.) To adorn in front; to supply a front to; as, to front a house with marble; to front a head with laurel.

Front (v. t.) To have or turn the face or front in any direction; as, the house fronts toward the east.

Frontage (n.) The front part of an edifice or lot; extent of front.

Frontal (a.) Belonging to the front part; being in front

Frontal (a.) Of or pertaining to the forehead or the anterior part of the roof of the brain case; as, the frontal bones.

Frontal (n.) Something worn on the forehead or face; a frontlet

Frontal (n.) An ornamental band for the hair.

Frontal (n.) The metal face guard of a soldier.

Frontal (n.) A little pediment over a door or window.

Frontal (n.) A movable, decorative member in metal, carved wood, or, commonly, in rich stuff or in embroidery, covering the front of the altar. Frontals are usually changed according to the different ceremonies.

Frontal (n.) A medicament or application for the forehead.

Frontal (n.) The frontal bone, or one of the two frontal bones, of the cranium.

Frontate (a.) Alt. of Fron'tated

Fron'tated (a.) Growing broader and broader, as a leaf; truncate.

Fronted (a.) Formed with a front; drawn up in line.

Frontier (n.) That part of a country which fronts or faces another country or an unsettled region; the marches; the border, confine, or extreme part of a country, bordering on another country; the border of the settled and cultivated part of a country; as, the frontier of civilization.

Frontier (n.) An outwork.

Frontier (a.) Lying on the exterior part; bordering; conterminous; as, a frontier town.

Frontier (a.) Of or relating to a frontier.

Frontier (v. i.) To constitute or form a frontier; to have a frontier; -- with on.

Frontiered (p. a.) Placed on the frontiers.

Frontiersmen (pl. ) of Floatiersman

Floatiersman (n.) A man living on the frontier.

Frontignac (n.) Alt. of Frontignan

Frontignan (n.) A sweet muscadine wine made in Frontignan (Languedoc), France.

Frontignan (n.) A grape of many varieties and colors.

Frontingly (adv.) In a fronting or facing position; opposingly.

Frontiniac (n.) See Frontignac.

Frontispiece (n.) The part which first meets the eye

Frontispiece (n.) The principal front of a building.

Frontispiece (n.) An ornamental figure or illustration fronting the first page, or titlepage, of a book; formerly, the titlepage itself.

Frontless (a.) Without face or front; shameless; not diffident; impudent.

Frontlessly (adv.) Shamelessly; impudently.

Frontlet (n.) A frontal or brow band; a fillet or band worn on the forehead.

Frontlet (n.) A frown (likened to a frontlet).

Frontlet (n.) The margin of the head, behind the bill of birds, often bearing rigid bristles.

Fronto- () A combining form signifying relating to the forehead or the frontal bone; as, fronto-parietal, relating to the frontal and the parietal bones; fronto-nasal, etc.

Fronton (n.) Same as Frontal, 2.

Froppish (a.) Peevish; froward.

Frore (adv.) Frostily.

Frorn (p. a.) Frozen.

Frory (a.) Frozen; stiff with cold.

Frory (a.) Covered with a froth like hoarfrost.

Frost (v. i.) The act of freezing; -- applied chiefly to the congelation of water; congelation of fluids.

Frost (v. i.) The state or temperature of the air which occasions congelation, or the freezing of water; severe cold or freezing weather.

Frost (v. i.) Frozen dew; -- called also hoarfrost or white frost.

Frost (v. i.) Coldness or insensibility; severity or rigidity of character.

Frostted (imp. & p. p.) of Frost

Frosting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frost

Frost (v. t.) To injure by frost; to freeze, as plants.

Frost (v. t.) To cover with hoarfrost; to produce a surface resembling frost upon, as upon cake, metals, or glass.

Frost (v. t.) To roughen or sharpen, as the nail heads or calks of horseshoes, so as to fit them for frosty weather.

Frostbird (n.) The golden plover.

Frostbite (n.) The freezing, or effect of a freezing, of some part of the body, as the ears or nose.

Frostbite (v. t.) To expose to the effect of frost, or a frosty air; to blight or nip with frost.

Frost-bitten (p. a.) Nipped, withered, or injured, by frost or freezing.

Frost-blite (n.) A plant of the genus Atriplex; orache.

Frost-blite (n.) The lamb's-quarters (Chenopodium album).

Frosted (a.) Covered with hoarfrost or anything resembling hoarfrost; ornamented with frosting; also, frost-bitten; as, a frosted cake; frosted glass.

Frostfish (n.) The tomcod; -- so called because it is abundant on the New England coast in autumn at about the commencement of frost. See Tomcod.

Frostfish (n.) The smelt.

Frostfish (n.) A name applied in New Zealand to the scabbard fish (Lepidotus) valued as a food fish.

Frostily (adv.) In a frosty manner.

Frostiness (n.) State or quality of being frosty.

Frosting (n.) A composition of sugar and beaten egg, used to cover or ornament cake, pudding, etc.

Frosting (n.) A lusterless finish of metal or glass; the process of producing such a finish.

Frostless (a.) Free from frost; as, a frostless winter.

Frostweed (n.) An American species of rockrose (Helianthemum Canadense), sometimes used in medicine as an astringent or aromatic tonic.

Frostwork (n.) The figurework, often fantastic and delicate, which moisture sometimes forms in freezing, as upon a window pane or a flagstone.

Frostwort (n.) Same as Frostweed.

Frosty (a.) Attended with, or producing, frost; having power to congeal water; cold; freezing; as, a frosty night.

Frosty (a.) Covered with frost; as, the grass is frosty.

Frosty (a.) Chill in affection; without warmth of affection or courage.

Frosty (a.) Appearing as if covered with hoarfrost; white; gray-haired; as, a frosty head.

Frote (v. t.) To rub or wear by rubbing; to chafe.

Froterer (n.) One who frotes; one who rubs or chafes.

Froth (n.) The bubbles caused in fluids or liquors by fermentation or agitation; spume; foam; esp., a spume of saliva caused by disease or nervous excitement.

Froth (n.) Any empty, senseless show of wit or eloquence; rhetoric without thought.

Froth (n.) Light, unsubstantial matter.

Frothed (imp. & p. p.) of Froth

Frothing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Froth

Froth (v. t.) To cause to foam.

Froth (v. t.) To spit, vent, or eject, as froth.

Froth (v. t.) To cover with froth; as, a horse froths his chain.

Froth (v. i.) To throw up or out spume, foam, or bubbles; to foam; as beer froths; a horse froths.

Frothily (adv.) In a frothy manner.

Frothiness (n.) State or quality of being frothy.

Frothing (n.) Exaggerated declamation; rant.

Frothless (a.) Free from froth.

Frothy (superl.) Full of foam or froth, or consisting of froth or light bubbles; spumous; foamy.

Frothy (superl.) Not firm or solid; soft; unstable.

Frothy (superl.) Of the nature of froth; light; empty; unsubstantial; as, a frothy speaker or harangue.

Frounced (imp. & p. p.) of Frounce

Frouncing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frounce

Frounce (v. i.) To gather into or adorn with plaits, as a dress; to form wrinkles in or upon; to curl or frizzle, as the hair.

Frounce (v. i.) To form wrinkles in the forehead; to manifest displeasure; to frown.

Frounce (n.) A wrinkle, plait, or curl; a flounce; -- also, a frown.

Frounce (n.) An affection in hawks, in which white spittle gathers about the hawk's bill.

Frounceless (a.) Without frounces.

Frouzy (a.) Fetid, musty; rank; disordered and offensive to the smell or sight; slovenly; dingy. See Frowzy.

Frow (n.) A woman; especially, a Dutch or German woman.

Frow (n.) A dirty woman; a slattern.

Frow (n.) A cleaving tool with handle at right angles to the blade, for splitting cask staves and shingles from the block; a frower.

Frow (a.) Brittle.

Froward (a.) Not willing to yield or compIy with what is required or is reasonable; perverse; disobedient; peevish; as, a froward child.

Frower (n.) A tool. See 2d Frow.

Frowey (a.) Working smoothly, or without splitting; -- said of timber.

Frowned (imp. &, p. p.) of Frown

Frowning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frown

Frown (v. i.) To contract the brow in displeasure, severity, or sternness; to scowl; to put on a stern, grim, or surly look.

Frown (v. i.) To manifest displeasure or disapprobation; to look with disfavor or threateningly; to lower; as, polite society frowns upon rudeness.

Frown (v. t.) To repress or repel by expressing displeasure or disapproval; to rebuke with a look; as, frown the impudent fellow into silence.

Frown (n.) A wrinkling of the face in displeasure, rebuke, etc.; a sour, severe, or stere look; a scowl.

Frown (n.) Any expression of displeasure; as, the frowns of Providence; the frowns of Fortune.

Frowningly (adv.) In a frowning manner.

Frowny (a.) Frowning; scowling.

Frowy (a.) Musty. rancid; as, frowy butter.

Frowzy (a.) Slovenly; unkempt; untidy; frouzy.

Froze () imp. of Freeze.

Frozen (a.) Congealed with cold; affected by freezing; as, a frozen brook.

Frozen (a.) Subject to frost, or to long and severe cold; chilly; as, the frozen north; the frozen zones.

Frozen (a.) Cold-hearted; unsympathetic; unyielding.

Frozenness (n.) A state of being frozen.

Frubish (v. t.) To rub up: to furbish.

Fructed (a.) Bearing fruit; -- said of a tree or plant so represented upon an escutcheon.

Fructescence (n.) The maturing or ripening of fruit.

Fructiculose (a.) Fruitful; full of fruit.

Fructidor (n.) The twelfth month of the French republican calendar; -- commencing August 18, and ending September 16. See Vendemiaire.

Fructiferuos (a.) Bearing or producing fruit.

Fructification (n.) The act of forming or producing fruit; the act of fructifying, or rendering productive of fruit; fecundation.

Fructification (n.) The collective organs by which a plant produces its fruit, or seeds, or reproductive spores.

Fructification (n.) The process of producing fruit, or seeds, or spores.

Fructify (v. i.) To bear fruit.

Fructified (imp. & p. p.) of Fructify

Fructifying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Fructify

Fructify (v. t.) To make fruitful; to render productive; to fertilize; as, to fructify the earth.

Fructose (n.) Fruit sugar; levulose.

Fructuaries (pl. ) of Fructuary

Fructuary (n.) One who enjoys the profits, income, or increase of anything.

Fructuation (n.) Produce; fruit.

Fructuous (a.) Fruitful; productive; profitable.

Fructure (n.) Use; fruition; enjoyment.

Frue vanner () A moving, inclined, endless apron on which ore is concentrated by a current of water; a kind of buddle.

Frugal (n.) Economical in the use or appropriation of resources; not wasteful or lavish; wise in the expenditure or application of force, materials, time, etc.; characterized by frugality; sparing; economical; saving; as, a frugal housekeeper; frugal of time.

Frugal (n.) Obtained by, or appropriate to, economy; as, a frugal fortune.

Frugalities (pl. ) of Frugality

Frugality (n.) The quality of being frugal; prudent economy; that careful management of anything valuable which expends nothing unnecessarily, and applies what is used to a profitable purpose; thrift; --- opposed to extravagance.

Frugality (n.) A sparing use; sparingness; as, frugality of praise.

Frugally (adv.) Thriftily; prudently.

Frugalness (n.) Quality of being frugal; frugality.

Frugiferous (a.) Producing fruit; fruitful; fructiferous.

Frugivora (n. pl.) The fruit bate; a group of the Cheiroptera, comprising the bats which live on fruits. See Eruit bat, under Fruit.

Frugivorous (a.) Feeding on fruit, as birds and other animals.

Fruit (v. t.) Whatever is produced for the nourishment or enjoyment of man or animals by the processes of vegetable growth, as corn, grass, cotton, flax, etc.; -- commonly used in the plural.

Fruit (v. t.) The pulpy, edible seed vessels of certain plants, especially those grown on branches above ground, as apples, oranges, grapes, melons, berries, etc. See 3.

Fruit (v. t.) The ripened ovary of a flowering plant, with its contents and whatever parts are consolidated with it.

Fruit (v. t.) The spore cases or conceptacles of flowerless plants, as of ferns, mosses, algae, etc., with the spores contained in them.

Fruit (v. t.) The produce of animals; offspring; young; as, the fruit of the womb, of the loins, of the body.

Fruit (v. t.) That which is produced; the effect or consequence of any action; advantageous or desirable product or result; disadvantageous or evil consequence or effect; as, the fruits of labor, of self-denial, of intemperance.

Fruit (v. i.) To bear fruit.

Fruitage (n.) Fruit, collectively; fruit, in general; fruitery.

Fruitage (n.) Product or result of any action; effect, good or ill.

Fruiter (a.) A ship for carrying fruit.

Fruiterer (n.) One who deals in fruit; a seller of fruits.

Fruiteress (n.) A woman who sells fruit.

Fruiteries (pl. ) of Fruitery

Fruitery (n.) Fruit, taken collectively; fruitage.

Fruitery (n.) A repository for fruit.

Fruitestere (n.) A fruiteress.

Fruitful (a.) Full of fruit; producing fruit abundantly; bearing results; prolific; fertile; liberal; bountiful; as, a fruitful tree, or season, or soil; a fruitful wife.

Fruiting (a.) Pertaining to, or producing, fruit.

Fruiting (n.) The bearing of fruit.

Fruition (n.) Use or possession of anything, especially such as is accompanied with pleasure or satisfaction; pleasure derived from possession or use.

Fruitive (a.) Enjoying; possessing.

Fruitless (a.) Lacking, or not bearing, fruit; barren; destitute of offspring; as, a fruitless tree or shrub; a fruitless marriage.

Fruitless (a.) Productive of no advantage or good effect; vain; idle; useless; unprofitable; as, a fruitless attempt; a fruitless controversy.

Fruit'y (a.) Having the odor, taste, or appearance of fruit; also, fruitful.

Frumentaceous (a.) Made of, or resembling, wheat or other grain.

Frumentarious (a.) Of or pertaining to wheat or grain.

Frumentation (n.) A largess of grain bestowed upon the people, to quiet them when uneasy.

Frumenty (n.) Food made of hulled wheat boiled in milk, with sugar, plums, etc.

Frump (v. t.) To insult; to flout; to mock; to snub.

Frump (n.) A contemptuous speech or piece of conduct; a gibe or flout.

Frump (n.) A cross, old-fashioned person; esp., an old woman; a gossip.

Frumper (n.) A mocker.

Frumpish (a.) Cross-tempered; scornful.

Frumpish (a.) Old-fashioned, as a woman's dress.

Frush (v. t.) To batter; to break in pieces.

Frush (a.) Easily broken; brittle; crisp.

Frush (n.) Noise; clatter; crash.

Frush (n.) The frog of a horse's foot.

Frush (n.) A discharge of a fetid or ichorous matter from the frog of a horse's foot; -- also caled thrush.

Frustrable (a.) Capable of beeing frustrated or defeated.

Frustraneous (a.) Vain; useless; unprofitable.

Frustrate (a.) Vain; ineffectual; useless; unprofitable; null; voil; nugatory; of no effect.

Frustrated (imp. & p. p.) of Frustrate

Frustrating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Frustrate

Frustrate (v. t.) To bring to nothing; to prevent from attaining a purpose; to disappoint; to defeat; to baffle; as, to frustrate a plan, design, or attempt; to frustrate the will or purpose.

Frustrate (v. t.) To make null; to nullifly; to render invalid or of no effect; as, to frustrate a conveyance or deed.

Frustrately (adv.) In vain.

Frustration (n.) The act of frustrating; disappointment; defeat; as, the frustration of one's designs

Frustrative (a.) Tending to defeat; fallacious.

Frustratory (a.) Making void; rendering null; as, a frustratory appeal.

Frustule (n.) The siliceous shell of a diatom. It is composed of two valves, one overlapping the other, like a pill box and its cover.

Frustulent (a.) Abounding in fragments.

Frusta (pl. ) of Frustum

Frustums (pl. ) of Frustum

Frustum (n.) The part of a solid next the base, formed by cutting off the, top; or the part of any solid, as of a cone, pyramid, etc., between two planes, which may be either parallel or inclined to each other.

Frustum (n.) One of the drums of the shaft of a column.

Frutage (n.) A picture of fruit; decoration by representation of fruit.

Frutage (n.) A confection of fruit.

Frutescent (a.) Somewhat shrubby in character; imperfectly shrubby, as the American species of Wistaria.

Frutex (n.) A plant having a woody, durable stem, but less than a tree; a shrub.

Fruticant (a.) Full of shoots.

Fruticose (a.) Pertaining to a shrub or shrubs; branching like a shrub; shrubby; shrublike; as, a fruticose stem.

Fruticous (a.) Fruticose.

Fruticulose (a.) Like, or pertaining to, a small shrub.

Fried (imp. & p. p.) of Fry

Frying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Fry

Fry (v. t.) To cook in a pan or on a griddle (esp. with the use of fat, butter, or olive oil) by heating over a fire; to cook in boiling lard or fat; as, to fry fish; to fry doughnuts.

Fry (v. i.) To undergo the process of frying; to be subject to the action of heat in a frying pan, or on a griddle, or in a kettle of hot fat.

Fry (v. i.) To simmer; to boil.

Fry (v. i.) To undergo or cause a disturbing action accompanied with a sensation of heat.

Fry (v. i.) To be agitated; to be greatly moved.

Ery (n.) A dish of anything fried.

Ery (n.) A state of excitement; as, to be in a fry.

Fry (n.) The young of any fish.

Fry (n.) A swarm or crowd, especially of little fishes; young or small things in general.

Frying (n.) The process denoted by the verb fry.

Graafian (a.) Pertaining to, or discovered by, Regnier de Graaf, a Dutch physician.

Graal (n.) See Grail., a dish.

Grab (n.) A vessel used on the Malabar coast, having two or three masts.

Grabbed (imp. & p. p.) of Grab

Grabbing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grab

Grab (v. t. & i.) To gripe suddenly; to seize; to snatch; to clutch.

Grab (n.) A sudden grasp or seizure.

Grab (n.) An instrument for clutching objects for the purpose of raising them; -- specially applied to devices for withdrawing drills, etc., from artesian and other wells that are drilled, bored, or driven.

Grabber (n.) One who seizes or grabs.

Grabbled (imp. & p. p.) of Grabble

Grabbling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grabble

Grabble (v. i.) To grope; to feel with the hands.

Grabble (v. i.) To lie prostrate on the belly; to sprawl on the ground; to grovel.

Grace (n.) The exercise of love, kindness, mercy, favor; disposition to benefit or serve another; favor bestowed or privilege conferred.

Grace (n.) The divine favor toward man; the mercy of God, as distinguished from His justice; also, any benefits His mercy imparts; divine love or pardon; a state of acceptance with God; enjoyment of the divine favor.

Grace (n.) The prerogative of mercy execised by the executive, as pardon.

Grace (n.) The same prerogative when exercised in the form of equitable relief through chancery.

Grace (n.) Fortune; luck; -- used commonly with hard or sorry when it means misfortune.

Grace (n.) Inherent excellence; any endowment or characteristic fitted to win favor or confer pleasure or benefit.

Grace (n.) Beauty, physical, intellectual, or moral; loveliness; commonly, easy elegance of manners; perfection of form.

Grace (n.) Graceful and beautiful females, sister goddesses, represented by ancient writers as the attendants sometimes of Apollo but oftener of Venus. They were commonly mentioned as three in number; namely, Aglaia, Euphrosyne, and Thalia, and were regarded as the inspirers of the qualities which give attractiveness to wisdom, love, and social intercourse.

Grace (n.) The title of a duke, a duchess, or an archbishop, and formerly of the king of England.

Grace (n.) Thanks.

Grace (n.) A petition for grace; a blessing asked, or thanks rendered, before or after a meal.

Grace (n.) Ornamental notes or short passages, either introduced by the performer, or indicated by the composer, in which case the notation signs are called grace notes, appeggiaturas, turns, etc.

Grace (n.) An act, vote, or decree of the government of the institution; a degree or privilege conferred by such vote or decree.

Grace (n.) A play designed to promote or display grace of motion. It consists in throwing a small hoop from one player to another, by means of two sticks in the hands of each. Called also grace hoop or hoops.

Graced (imp. & p. p.) of Grace

Gracing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grace

Grace (v. t.) To adorn; to decorate; to embellish and dignify.

Grace (v. t.) To dignify or raise by an act of favor; to honor.

Grace (v. t.) To supply with heavenly grace.

Grace (v. t.) To add grace notes, cadenzas, etc., to.

Graced (a.) Endowed with grace; beautiful; full of graces; honorable.

Graceful (a.) Displaying grace or beauty in form or action; elegant; easy; agreeable in appearance; as, a graceful walk, deportment, speaker, air, act, speech.

Graceless (a.) Wanting in grace or excellence; departed from, or deprived of, divine grace; hence, depraved; corrupt.

Graceless (a.) Unfortunate. Cf. Grace, n., 4.

Gracile (a.) Alt. of Gracillent

Gracillent (a.) Slender; thin.

Gracility (n.) State of being gracilent; slenderness.

Gracious (a.) Abounding in grace or mercy; manifesting love,. or bestowing mercy; characterized by grace; beneficent; merciful; disposed to show kindness or favor; condescending; as, his most gracious majesty.

Gracious (a.) Abounding in beauty, loveliness, or amiability; graceful; excellent.

Gracious (a.) Produced by divine grace; influenced or controlled by the divine influence; as, gracious affections.

Graciously (adv.) In a gracious manner; courteously; benignantly.

Graciously (adv.) Fortunately; luckily.

Graciousness (n.) Quality of being gracious.

Grackle (n.) One of several American blackbirds, of the family Icteridae; as, the rusty grackle (Scolecophagus Carolinus); the boat-tailed grackle (see Boat-tail); the purple grackle (Quiscalus quiscula, or Q. versicolor). See Crow blackbird, under Crow.

Grackle (n.) An Asiatic bird of the genus Gracula. See Myna.

Gradate (v. t.) To grade or arrange (parts in a whole, colors in painting, etc.), so that they shall harmonize.

Gradate (v. t.) To bring to a certain strength or grade of concentration; as, to gradate a saline solution.

Gradation (n.) The act of progressing by regular steps or orderly arrangement; the state of being graded or arranged in ranks; as, the gradation of castes.

Gradation (n.) The act or process of bringing to a certain grade.

Gradation (n.) Any degree or relative position in an order or series.

Gradation (n.) A gradual passing from one tint to another or from a darker to a lighter shade, as in painting or drawing.

Gradation (n.) A diatonic ascending or descending succession of chords.

Gradation (v. t.) To form with gradations.

Gradational (a.) By regular steps or gradations; of or pertaining to gradation.

Gradatory (a.) Proceeding step by step, or by gradations; gradual.

Gradatory (a.) Suitable for walking; -- said of the limbs of an animal when adapted for walking on land.

Gradatory (n.) A series of steps from a cloister into a church.

Grade (n.) A step or degree in any series, rank, quality, order; relative position or standing; as, grades of military rank; crimes of every grade; grades of flour.

Grade (n.) The rate of ascent or descent; gradient; deviation from a level surface to an inclined plane; -- usually stated as so many feet per mile, or as one foot rise or fall in so many of horizontal distance; as, a heavy grade; a grade of twenty feet per mile, or of 1 in 264.

Grade (n.) A graded ascending, descending, or level portion of a road; a gradient.

Grade (n.) The result of crossing a native stock with some better breed. If the crossbreed have more than three fourths of the better blood, it is called high grade.

Graded (imp. & p. p.) of Grade

Grading (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grade

Grade (v. t.) To arrange in order, steps, or degrees, according to size, quality, rank, etc.

Grade (v. t.) To reduce to a level, or to an evenly progressive ascent, as the line of a canal or road.

Grade (v. t.) To cross with some better breed; to improve the blood of.

Gradely (a.) Decent; orderly.

Gradely (adv.) Decently; in order.

Grader (n.) One who grades, or that by means of which grading is done or facilitated.

Gradient (a.) Moving by steps; walking; as, gradient automata.

Gradient (a.) Rising or descending by regular degrees of inclination; as, the gradient line of a railroad.

Gradient (a.) Adapted for walking, as the feet of certain birds.

Gradient (n.) The rate of regular or graded ascent or descent in a road; grade.

Gradient (n.) A part of a road which slopes upward or downward; a portion of a way not level; a grade.

Gradient (n.) The rate of increase or decrease of a variable magnitude, or the curve which represents it; as, a thermometric gradient.

Gradin (n.) Alt. of Gradine

Gradine (n.) Any member like a step, as the raised back of an altar or the like; a set raised over another.

Gradine (n.) A toothed chised by sculptors.

Grading (n.) The act or method of arranging in or by grade, or of bringing, as the surface of land or a road, to the desired level or grade.

Gradinos (pl. ) of Gradino

Gradino (n.) A step or raised shelf, as above a sideboard or altar. Cf. Superaltar, and Gradin.

Gradual (n.) Proceeding by steps or degrees; advancing, step by step, as in ascent or descent or from one state to another; regularly progressive; slow; as, a gradual increase of knowledge; a gradual decline.

Gradual (n.) An antiphon or responsory after the epistle, in the Mass, which was sung on the steps, or while the deacon ascended the steps.

Gradual (n.) A service book containing the musical portions of the Mass.

Gradual (n.) A series of steps.

Graduality (n.) The state of being gradual; gradualness.

Gradually (adv.) In a gradual manner.

Gradually (adv.) In degree.

Gradualness (n.) The quality or state of being gradual; regular progression or gradation; slowness.

Graduated (imp. & p. p.) of Graduate

Graduating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Graduate

Graduate (n.) To mark with degrees; to divide into regular steps, grades, or intervals, as the scale of a thermometer, a scheme of punishment or rewards, etc.

Graduate (n.) To admit or elevate to a certain grade or degree; esp., in a college or university, to admit, at the close of the course, to an honorable standing defined by a diploma; as, he was graduated at Yale College.

Graduate (n.) To prepare gradually; to arrange, temper, or modify by degrees or to a certain degree; to determine the degrees of; as, to graduate the heat of an oven.

Graduate (n.) To bring to a certain degree of consistency, by evaporation, as a fluid.

Graduate (v. i.) To pass by degrees; to change gradually; to shade off; as, sandstone which graduates into gneiss; carnelian sometimes graduates into quartz.

Graduate (v. i.) To taper, as the tail of certain birds.

Graduate (v. i.) To take a degree in a college or university; to become a graduate; to receive a diploma.

Graduate (n.) One who has received an academical or professional degree; one who has completed the prescribed course of study in any school or institution of learning.

Graduate (n.) A graduated cup, tube, or flask; a measuring glass used by apothecaries and chemists. See under Graduated.

Graduate (n. & v.) Arranged by successive steps or degrees; graduated.

Graduated (a.) Marked with, or divided into, degrees; divided into grades.

Graduated (a.) Tapered; -- said of a bird's tail when the outer feathers are shortest, and the others successively longer.

Graduateship (n.) State of being a graduate.

Graduation (n.) The act of graduating, or the state of being graduated; as, graduation of a scale; graduation at a college; graduation in color; graduation by evaporation; the graduation of a bird's tail, etc.

Graduation (n.) The marks on an instrument or vessel to indicate degrees or quantity; a scale.

Graduation (n.) The exposure of a liquid in large surfaces to the air, so as to hasten its evaporation.

Graduator (n.) One who determines or indicates graduation; as, a graduator of instruments.

Graduator (n.) An instrument for dividing any line, right or curve, into small, regular intervals.

Graduator (n.) An apparatus for diffusing a solution, as brine or vinegar, over a large surface, for exposure to the air.

Gradus (n.) A dictionary of prosody, designed as an aid in writing Greek or Latin poetry.

Graf (n.) A German title of nobility, equivalent to earl in English, or count in French. See Earl.

Graff (n.) A steward; an overseer.

Graff (n. & v.) See Graft.

Graffage (n.) The scarp of a ditch or moat.

Graffer (n.) a notary or scrivener.

Graffiti (n. pl.) Inscriptions, figure drawings, etc., found on the walls of ancient sepulchers or ruins, as in the Catacombs, or at Pompeii.

Graft (n.) A small shoot or scion of a tree inserted in another tree, the stock of which is to support and nourish it. The two unite and become one tree, but the graft determines the kind of fruit.

Graft (n.) A branch or portion of a tree growing from such a shoot.

Graft (n.) A portion of living tissue used in the operation of autoplasty.

Grafted (imp. & p. p.) of Graft

Grafting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Graft

Graft (n.) To insert (a graft) in a branch or stem of another tree; to propagate by insertion in another stock; also, to insert a graft upon.

Graft (n.) To implant a portion of (living flesh or akin) in a lesion so as to form an organic union.

Graft (n.) To join (one thing) to another as if by grafting, so as to bring about a close union.

Graft (n.) To cover, as a ring bolt, block strap, splicing, etc., with a weaving of small cord or rope-yarns.

Graft (v. i.) To insert scions from one tree, or kind of tree, etc., into another; to practice grafting.

Grafter (n.) One who inserts scions on other stocks, or propagates fruit by ingrafting.

Grafter (n.) An instrument by which grafting is facilitated.

Grafter (n.) The original tree from which a scion has been taken for grafting upon another tree.

Grafting (n.) The act or method of weaving a cover for a ring, rope end, etc.

Grafting (n.) The transplanting of a portion of flesh or skin to a denuded surface; autoplasty.

Grafting (n.) A scarfing or endwise attachment of one timber to another.

Graham bread () Bread made of unbolted wheat flour.

Grahamite (n.) One who follows the dietetic system of Graham.

Grail (n.) A book of offices in the Roman Catholic Church; a gradual.

Grail (n.) A broad, open dish; a chalice; -- only used of the Holy Grail.

Grail (n.) Small particles of earth; gravel.

Grail (n.) One of the small feathers of a hawk.

Graille (n.) A halfround single-cut file or fioat, having one curved face and one straight face, -- used by comb makers.

Grain (v. & n.) See Groan.

Grain (n.) A single small hard seed; a kernel, especially of those plants, like wheat, whose seeds are used for food.

Grain (n.) The fruit of certain grasses which furnish the chief food of man, as corn, wheat, rye, oats, etc., or the plants themselves; -- used collectively.

Grain (n.) Any small, hard particle, as of sand, sugar, salt, etc.; hence, any minute portion or particle; as, a grain of gunpowder, of pollen, of starch, of sense, of wit, etc.

Grain (n.) The unit of the English system of weights; -- so called because considered equal to the average of grains taken from the middle of the ears of wheat. 7,000 grains constitute the pound avoirdupois, and 5,760 grains the pound troy. A grain is equal to .0648 gram. See Gram.

Grain (n.) A reddish dye made from the coccus insect, or kermes; hence, a red color of any tint or hue, as crimson, scarlet, etc.; sometimes used by the poets as equivalent to Tyrian purple.

Grain (n.) The composite particles of any substance; that arrangement of the particles of any body which determines its comparative roughness or hardness; texture; as, marble, sugar, sandstone, etc., of fine grain.

Grain (n.) The direction, arrangement, or appearance of the fibers in wood, or of the strata in stone, slate, etc.

Grain (n.) The fiber which forms the substance of wood or of any fibrous material.

Grain (n.) The hair side of a piece of leather, or the marking on that side.

Grain (n.) The remains of grain, etc., after brewing or distillation; hence, any residuum. Also called draff.

Grain (n.) A rounded prominence on the back of a sepal, as in the common dock. See Grained, a., 4.

Grain (a.) Temper; natural disposition; inclination.

Grain (a.) A sort of spice, the grain of paradise.

Grained (imp. & p. p.) of Grain

Graining. (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grain

Grain (v. t.) To paint in imitation of the grain of wood, marble, etc.

Grain (v. t.) To form (powder, sugar, etc.) into grains.

Grain (v. t.) To take the hair off (skins); to soften and raise the grain of (leather, etc.).

Grain (n.) To yield fruit.

Grain (n.) To form grains, or to assume a granular ferm, as the result of crystallization; to granulate.

Grain (n.) A branch of a tree; a stalk or stem of a plant.

Grain (n.) A tine, prong, or fork.

Grain (n.) One the branches of a valley or of a river.

Grain (n.) An iron first speak or harpoon, having four or more barbed points.

Grain (n.) A blade of a sword, knife, etc.

Grain (n.) A thin piece of metal, used in a mold to steady a core.

Grained (a.) Having a grain; divided into small particles or grains; showing the grain; hence, rough.

Grained (a.) Dyed in grain; ingrained.

Grained (a.) Painted or stained in imitation of the grain of wood, marble, etc.

Grained (a.) Having tubercles or grainlike processes, as the petals or sepals of some flowers.

Grainer (n.) An infusion of pigeon's dung used by tanners to neutralize the effects of lime and give flexibility to skins; -- called also grains and bate.

Grainer (n.) A knife for taking the hair off skins.

Grainer (n.) One who paints in imitation of the grain of wood, marble, etc.; also, the brush or tool used in graining.

Grainfield (n.) A field where grain is grown.

Graining (n.) Indentation; roughening; milling, as on edges of coins.

Graining (n.) A process in dressing leather, by which the skin is softened and the grain raised.

Graining (n.) Painting or staining, in imitation of the grain of wood, atone, etc.

Graining (n.) The process of separating soap from spent lye, as with salt.

Graining (n.) A small European fresh-water fish (Leuciscus vulgaris); - called also dobule, and dace.

Grains (n. pl.) See 5th Grain, n., 2 (b).

Grains (n.) Pigeon's dung used in tanning. See Grainer. n., 1.

Grainy (a.) Resembling grains; granular.

Graip (n.) A dungfork.

Graith (v. t.) See Greith.

Graith (n.) Furniture; apparatus or accouterments for work, traveling, war, etc.

Grakle (n.) See Grackle.

Grallae (n. pl.) An order of birds which formerly included all the waders. By later writers it is usually restricted to the sandpipers, plovers, and allied forms; -- called also Grallatores.

Grallatores (n. pl.) See Grallae.

Grallatorial (a.) Alt. of Grallatory

Grallatory (a.) Of or pertaining to the Grallatores, or waders.

Grallic (a.) Pertaining to the Grallae.

Gralline (a.) Of or pertaining to the Grallae.

Gralloch (n.) Offal of a deer.

Gralloch (v. t.) To remove the offal from (a deer).

-gram () A suffix indicating something drawn or written, a drawing, writing; -- as, monogram, telegram, chronogram.

Gram (a.) Angry.

Gram (n.) The East Indian name of the chick-pea (Cicer arietinum) and its seeds; also, other similar seeds there used for food.

Gram (n.) Alt. of Gramme

Gramme (n.) The unit of weight in the metric system. It was intended to be exactly, and is very nearly, equivalent to the weight in a vacuum of one cubic centimeter of pure water at its maximum density. It is equal to 15.432 grains. See Grain, n., 4.

Grama grass () The name of several kinds of pasture grasses found in the Western United States, esp. the Bouteloua oligostachya.

Gramarye (n.) Necromancy; magic.

Gramashes (n. pl.) Gaiters reaching to the knee; leggings.

Grame (a.) Anger; wrath; scorn.

Grame (a.) Sorrow; grief; misery.

Gramercy (interj.) A word formerly used to express thankfulness, with surprise; many thanks.

Graminaceous (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the grasses; gramineous; as, graminaceous plants.

Gramineal (a.) Gramineous.

Gramineous (a.) Like, Or pertaining to, grass. See Grass, n., 2.

Graminifolious (a.) Bearing leaves resembling those of grass.

Graminivorous (a.) Feeding or subsisting on grass, and the like food; -- said of horses, cattle, and other animals.

Grammalogue (n.) Literally, a letter word; a word represented by a logogram; as, it, represented by |, that is, t. pitman.

Grammar (n.) The science which treats of the principles of language; the study of forms of speech, and their relations to one another; the art concerned with the right use aud application of the rules of a language, in speaking or writing.

Grammar (n.) The art of speaking or writing with correctness or according to established usage; speech considered with regard to the rules of a grammar.

Grammar (n.) A treatise on the principles of language; a book containing the principles and rules for correctness in speaking or writing.

Grammar (n.) treatise on the elements or principles of any science; as, a grammar of geography.

Grammar (v. i.) To discourse according to the rules of grammar; to use grammar.

Grammarian (n.) One versed in grammar, or the construction of languages; a philologist.

Grammarian (n.) One who writes on, or teaches, grammar.

Grammarianism (n.) The principles, practices, or peculiarities of grammarians.

Grammarless (a.) Without grammar.

Grammates (n. pl.) Rudiments; first principles, as of grammar.

Grammatic (a.) Grammatical.

Grammatical (a.) Of or pertaining to grammar; of the nature of grammar; as, a grammatical rule.

Grammatical (a.) According to the rules of grammar; grammatically correct; as, the sentence is not grammatical; the construction is not grammatical.

Grammaticaster (n.) A petty grammarian; a grammatical pedant or pretender.

Grammatication (n.) A principle of grammar; a grammatical rule.

Grammaticism (n.) A point or principle of grammar.

Grammaticized (imp. & p. p.) of Grammaticize

Grammaticizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grammaticize

Grammaticize (v. t.) To render grammatical.

Grammatist (n.) A petty grammarian.

Gramme (n.) Same as Gram the weight.

Gramme machine () A kind of dynamo-electric machine; -- so named from its French inventor, M. Gramme.

Grampuses (pl. ) of Grampus

Grampus (n.) A toothed delphinoid cetacean, of the genus Grampus, esp. G. griseus of Europe and America, which is valued for its oil. It grows to be fifteen to twenty feet long; its color is gray with white streaks. Called also cowfish. The California grampus is G. Stearnsii.

Grampus (n.) A kind of tongs used in a bloomery.

Granade (n.) Alt. of Granado

Granado (n.) See Grenade.

Granadilla (n.) The fruit of certain species of passion flower (esp. Passiflora quadrangularis) found in Brazil and the West Indies. It is as large as a child's head, and is a good dessert fruit. The fruit of Passiflora edulis is used for flavoring ices.

Granaries (pl. ) of Granary

Granary (n.) A storehouse or repository for grain, esp. after it is thrashed or husked; a cornbouse; also (Fig.), a region fertile in grain.

Granate (n.) See Garnet.

Granatin (n.) Mannite; -- so called because found in the pomegranate.

Granatite (n.) See Staurolite.

Grand (superl.) Of large size or extent; great; extensive; hence, relatively great; greatest; chief; principal; as, a grand mountain; a grand army; a grand mistake.

Grand (superl.) Great in size, and fine or imposing in appearance or impression; illustrious, dignifled, or noble (said of persons); majestic, splendid, magnificent, or sublime (said of things); as, a grand monarch; a grand lord; a grand general; a grand view; a grand conception.

Grand (superl.) Having higher rank or more dignity, size, or importance than other persons or things of the same name; as, a grand lodge; a grand vizier; a grand piano, etc.

Grand (superl.) Standing in the second or some more remote degree of parentage or descent; -- generalIy used in composition; as, grandfather, grandson, grandchild, etc.

Grandam (n.) An old woman; specifically, a grandmother.

Grandaunt (n.) The aunt of one's father or mother.

Grandchild (n.) A son's or daughter's child; a child in the second degree of descent.

Granddaughter (n.) The daughter of one's son or daughter.

Grandee (n.) A man of elevated rank or station; a nobleman. In Spain, a nobleman of the first rank, who may be covered in the king's presence.

Grandeeship (n.) The rank or estate of a grandee; lordship.

Grandeur (n.) The state or quality of being grand; vastness; greatness; splendor; magnificence; stateliness; sublimity; dignity; elevation of thought or expression; nobility of action.

Grandevity (n.) Great age; long life.

Grandevous (a.) Of great age; aged; longlived.

Grand-ducal (a.) Of or pertaining to a grand duke.

Grandfather (n.) A father's or mother's father; an ancestor in the next degree above the father or mother in lineal ascent.

Grandfatherly (a.) Like a grandfather in age or manner; kind; benignant; indulgent.

Grandific (a.) Making great.

Grandiloquence (n.) The use of lofty words or phrases; bombast; -- usually in a bad sense.

Grandiloquent (a.) Speaking in a lofty style; pompous; bombastic.

Grandiloquous (a.) Grandiloquent.

Grandinous (a.) Consisting of hail; abounding in hail.

Grandiose (a.) Impressive or elevating in effect; imposing; splendid; striking; -- in a good sense.

Grandiose (a.) Characterized by affectation of grandeur or splendor; flaunting; turgid; bombastic; -- in a bad sense; as, a grandiose style.

Grandiosity (n.) The state or quality of being grandiose,

Grandity (n.) Grandness.

Grandly (adv.) In a grand manner.

Grandma (n.) Alt. of Grandmamma

Grandmamma (n.) A grandmother.

Grand mercy () See Gramercy.

Grandmother (n.) The mother of one's father or mother.

Grandmotherly (a.) Like a grandmother in age or manner; kind; indulgent.

Grandnephew (n.) The grandson of one's brother or sister.

Grandness (n.) Grandeur.

Grandniece (n.) The granddaughter of one's brother or sister.

Grandpa (n.) Alt. of Grandpapa

Grandpapa (n.) A grandfather.

Grandsire (n.) Specifically, a grandfather; more generally, any ancestor.

Grandson (n.) A son's or daughter's son.

Granduncle (n.) A father's or mother's uncle.

Grane (v. & n.) See Groan.

Grange (n.) A building for storing grain; a granary.

Grange (n.) A farmhouse, with the barns and other buildings for farming purposes.

Grange (n.) A farmhouse of a monastery, where the rents and tithes, paid in grain, were deposited.

Grange (n.) A farm; generally, a farm with a house at a distance from neighbors.

Grange (n.) An association of farmers, designed to further their interests, aud particularly to bring producers and consumers, farmers and manufacturers, into direct commercial relations, without intervention of middlemen or traders. The first grange was organized in 1867.

Granger (n.) A farm steward.

Granger (n.) A member of a grange.

Grangerism (n.) The practice of illustrating a particular book by engravings collected from other books.

Grangerite (n.) One who collects illustrations from various books for the decoration of one book.

Grangerize (v. t. & i.) To collect (illustrations from books) for decoration of other books.

Graniferous (a.) Bearing grain, or seeds like grain.

Graniform (a.) Formed like of corn.

Granilla (n.) Small grains or dust of cochineal or the coccus insect.

Granite (n.) A crystalline, granular rock, consisting of quartz, feldspar, and mica, and usually of a whitish, grayish, or flesh-red color. It differs from gneiss in not having the mica in planes, and therefore in being destitute of a schistose structure.

Granite State () New Hampshire; -- a nickname alluding to its mountains, which are chiefly of granite.

Granitic (a.) Like granite in composition, color, etc.; having the nature of granite; as, granitic texture.

Granitic (a.) Consisting of granite; as, granitic mountains.

Granitical (a.) Granitic.

Granitification (n.) The act or the process of forming into granite.

Granitiform (a.) Resembling granite in structure or shape.

Granitoid (a.) Resembling granite in granular appearance; as, granitoid gneiss; a granitoid pavement.

Granivorous (a.) Eating grain; feeding or subsisting on seeds; as, granivorous birds.

Grannam (n.) A grandam.

Granny (n.) A grandmother; a grandam; familiarly, an old woman.

Granolithic (n.) A kind of hard artificial stone, used for pavements.

Granted (imp. & p. p.) of Grant

Granting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grant

Grant (v. t.) To give over; to make conveyance of; to give the possession or title of; to convey; -- usually in answer to petition.

Grant (v. t.) To bestow or confer, with or without compensation, particularly in answer to prayer or request; to give.

Grant (v. t.) To admit as true what is not yet satisfactorily proved; to yield belief to; to allow; to yield; to concede.

Grant (v. i.) To assent; to consent.

Grant (v. t.) The act of granting; a bestowing or conferring; concession; allowance; permission.

Grant (v. t.) The yielding or admission of something in dispute.

Grant (v. t.) The thing or property granted; a gift; a boon.

Grant (v. t.) A transfer of property by deed or writing; especially, au appropriation or conveyance made by the government; as, a grant of land or of money; also, the deed or writing by which the transfer is made.

Grantable (a.) Capable of being granted.

Grantee (n.) The person to whom a grant or conveyance is made.

Granter (n.) One who grants.

Grantor (n.) The person by whom a grant or conveyance is made.

Granular (a.) Consisting of, or resembling, grains; as, a granular substance.

Granularly (adv.) In a granular form.

Granulary (a.) Granular.

Granulated (imp. & p. p.) of Granulate

Granulating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Granulate

Granulate (v. t.) To form into grains or small masses; as, to granulate powder, sugar, or metal.

Granulate (v. t.) To raise in granules or small asperities; to make rough on the surface.

Granulate (v. i.) To collect or be formed into grains; as, cane juice granulates into sugar.

Granulate (a.) Alt. of Granulated

Granulated (a.) Consisting of, or resembling, grains; crystallized in grains; granular; as, granulated sugar.

Granulated (a.) Having numerous small elevations, as shagreen.

Granulation (n.) The act or process of forming or crystallizing into grains; as, the granulation of powder and sugar.

Granulation (n.) The state of being granulated.

Granulation (n.) One of the small, red, grainlike prominences which form on a raw surface (that of wounds or ulcers), and are the efficient agents in the process of healing.

Granulation (n.) The act or process of the formation of such prominences.

Granule (n.) A little grain a small particle; a pellet.

Granuliferous (a.) Full of granulations.

Granuliform (a.) Having a granular structure; granular; as, granuliform limestone.

Granulite (n.) A whitish, granular rock, consisting of feldspar and quartz intimately mixed; -- sometimes called whitestone, and leptynite.

Granulose (n.) The main constituent of the starch grain or granule, in distinction from the framework of cellulose. Unlike cellulose, it is colored blue by iodine, and is converted into dextrin and sugar by boiling acids and amylolytic ferments.

Granulous (a.) Full of grains; abounding with granular substances; granular.

Grape (n.) A well-known edible berry growing in pendent clusters or bunches on the grapevine. The berries are smooth-skinned, have a juicy pulp, and are cultivated in great quantities for table use and for making wine and raisins.

Grape (n.) The plant which bears this fruit; the grapevine.

Grape (n.) A mangy tumor on the leg of a horse.

Grape (n.) Grapeshot.

Grape fruit () The shaddock.

Grapeless (a.) Wanting grapes or the flavor of grapes.

Grapery (n.) A building or inclosure used for the cultivation of grapes.

Grapeshot (n.) A cluster, usually nine in number, of small iron balls, put together by means of cast-iron circular plates at top and bottom, with two rings, and a central connecting rod, in order to be used as a charge for a cannon. Formerly grapeshot were inclosed in canvas bags.

Grapestone (n.) A seed of the grape.

Grapevine (n.) A vine or climbing shrub, of the genus Vitis, having small green flowers and lobed leaves, and bearing the fruit called grapes.

Graphic (a.) Alt. of Graphical

Graphical (a.) Of or pertaining to the arts of painting and drawing.

Graphical (a.) Of or pertaining to the art of writing.

Graphical (a.) Written or engraved; formed of letters or lines.

Graphical (a.) Well delineated; clearly and vividly described.

Graphical (a.) Having the faculty of, or characterized by, clear and impressive description; vivid; as, a graphic writer.

Graphically (adv.) In a graphic manner; vividly.

Graphicness (n.) Alt. of Graphicalness

Graphicalness (n.) The quality or state of being graphic.

Graphics (n.) The art or the science of drawing; esp. of drawing according to mathematical rules, as in perspective, projection, and the like.

Graphiscope (n.) See Graphoscope.

Graphite (n.) Native carbon in hexagonal crystals, also foliated or granular massive, of black color and metallic luster, and so soft as to leave a trace on paper. It is used for pencils (improperly called lead pencils), for crucibles, and as a lubricator, etc. Often called plumbago or black lead.

Graphitic (a.) Pertaining to, containing, derived from, or resembling, graphite.

Graphitoid (a.) Alt. of Graphitoidal

Graphitoidal (a.) Resembling graphite or plumbago.

Grapholite (n.) Any species of slate suitable to be written on.

Graphology (n.) The art of judging of a person's character, disposition, and aptitude from his handwriting.

Graphoscope (n.) An optical instrument for magnifying engravings, photographs, etc., usually having one large lens and two smaller ones.

Graphotype (n.) A process for producing a design upon a surface in relief so that it can be printed from. Prepared chalk or oxide of zinc is pressed upon a smooth plate by a hydraulic press, and the design is drawn upon this in a peculiar ink which hardens the surface wherever it is applied. The surface is then carefully rubbed or brushed, leaving the lines in relief.

-graphy () A suffix denoting the art of writing or describing; also, the writing or description itself; a treatise; as, calligraphy, biography, geography.

Grapnel (n.) A small anchor, with four or five flukes or claws, used to hold boats or small vessels; hence, any instrument designed to grapple or hold; a grappling iron; a grab; -- written also grapline, and crapnel.

Grappled (imp. & p. p.) of Grapple

Grappling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grapple

Grapple (v. t.) To seize; to lay fast hold of; to attack at close quarters: as, to grapple an antagonist.

Grapple (v. t.) To fasten, as with a grapple; to fix; to join indissolubly.

Grapple (v. i.) To use a grapple; to contend in close fight; to attach one's self as if by a grapple, as in wrestling; to close; to seize one another.

Grapple (v. t.) A seizing or seizure; close hug in contest; the wrestler's hold.

Grapple (v. t.) An instrument, usually with hinged claws, for seizing and holding fast to an object; a grab.

Grapple (v. t.) A grappling iron.

Grapplement (n.) A grappling; close fight or embrace.

Grappling (n.) A laying fast ho1d of; also, that by which anything is seized and held, a grapnel.

Grappling (n.) A grapple; a struggle. A match for yards in fight, in grappling for the bear.

Grapsoid (a.) Pertaining to the genus Grapsus or the family Grapsidae.

Grapsoid (n.) A grapsoid crab.

Graptolite (n.) One of numerous species of slender and delicate fossils, of the genus Graptolites and allied genera, found in the Silurian rocks. They belong to an extinct group (Graptolithina) supposed to be hydroids.

Graptolitic (a.) Of or pertaining to graptolites; containing graptolites; as, a graptolitic slate.

Grapy (a.) Composed of, or resembling, grapes.

Grasper (imp. & p. p.) of Grasp

Qraspine (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grasp

Grasp (v. t.) To seize and hold by clasping or embracing with the fingers or arms; to catch to take possession of.

Grasp (v. t.) To lay hold of with the mind; to become thoroughly acquainted or conversant with; to comprehend.

Grasp (v. i.) To effect a grasp; to make the motion of grasping; to clutch; to struggle; to strive.

Grasp (n.) A gripe or seizure of the hand; a seizure by embrace, or infolding in the arms.

Grasp (n.) Reach of the arms; hence, the power of seizing and holding; as, it was beyond his grasp.

Grasp (n.) Forcible possession; hold.

Grasp (n.) Wide-reaching power of intellect to comprehend subjects and hold them under survey.

Grasp (n.) The handle of a sword or of an oar.

Graspable (a.) Capable of being grasped.

Graaper (n.) One who grasps or seizes; one who catches or holds.

Grasping (a.) Seizing; embracing; catching.

Grasping (a.) Avaricious; greedy of gain; covetous; close; miserly; as, he is a grasping man.

Graspless (a.) Without a grasp; relaxed.

Grass (n.) Popularly: Herbage; the plants which constitute the food of cattle and other beasts; pasture.

Grass (n.) An endogenous plant having simple leaves, a stem generally jointed and tubular, the husks or glumes in pairs, and the seed single.

Grass (n.) The season of fresh grass; spring.

Grass (n.) Metaphorically used for what is transitory.

Grassed (imp. & p. p.) of Grass

Grassing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grass

Grass (v. t.) To cover with grass or with turf.

Grass (v. t.) To expose, as flax, on the grass for bleaching, etc.

Grass (v. t.) To bring to the grass or ground; to land; as, to grass a fish.

Grass (v. i.) To produce grass.

Grassation (n.) A wandering about with evil intentions; a rioting.

Grass-green (a.) Green with grass.

Grass-green (a.) Of the color of grass; clear and vivid green.

Grass-grown (a.) Overgrown with grass; as, a grass-grown road.

Grasshopper (n.) Any jumping, orthopterous insect, of the families Acrididae and Locustidae. The species and genera are very numerous. The former family includes the Western grasshopper or locust (Caloptenus spretus), noted for the great extent of its ravages in the region beyond the Mississippi. In the Eastern United States the red-legged (Caloptenus femurrubrum and C. atlanis) are closely related species, but their ravages are less important. They are closely related to the migratory locusts of the Old World. See Locust.

Grasshopper (n.) In ordinary square or upright pianos of London make, the escapement lever or jack, so made that it can be taken out and replaced with the key; -- called also the hopper.

Grassiness (n.) The state of abounding with grass; a grassy state.

Grassless (a.) Destitute of grass.

Grassplot (n.) A plot or space covered with grass; a lawn.

Grass tree () An Australian plant of the genus Xanthorrhoea, having a thick trunk crowned with a dense tuft of pendulous, grasslike leaves, from the center of which arises a long stem, bearing at its summit a dense flower spike looking somewhat like a large cat-tail. These plants are often called "blackboys" from the large trunks denuded and blackened by fire. They yield two kinds of fragrant resin, called Botany-bay gum, and Gum Acaroides.

Grass tree () A similar Australian plant (Kingia australis).

Grassy (a.) Covered with grass; abounding with grass; as, a grassy lawn.

Grassy (a.) Resembling grass; green.

Grate (a.) Serving to gratify; agreeable.

Grate (n.) A structure or frame containing parallel or crosed bars, with interstices; a kind of latticework, such as is used ia the windows of prisons and cloisters.

Grate (n.) A frame or bed, or kind of basket, of iron bars, for holding fuel while burning.

Grated (imp. & p. p.) of Grate

Grating (p. pr. &. vb. n.) of Grate

Grate (v. t.) To furnish with grates; to protect with a grating or crossbars; as, to grate a window.

Grate (v. t.) To rub roughly or harshly, as one body against another, causing a harsh sound; as, to grate the teeth; to produce (a harsh sound) by rubbing.

Grate (v. t.) To reduce to small particles by rubbing with anything rough or indented; as, to grate a nutmeg.

Grate (v. t.) To fret; to irritate; to offend.

Grate (v. i.) To make a harsh sound by friction.

Grate (v. i.) To produce the effect of rubbing with a hard rough material; to cause wearing, tearing, or bruising. Hence; To produce exasperation, soreness, or grief; to offend by oppression or importunity.

Grated (a.) Furnished with a grate or grating; as, grated windows.

Grateful (a.) Having a due sense of benefits received; kindly disposed toward one from whom a favor has been received; willing to acknowledge and repay, or give thanks for, benefits; as, a grateful heart.

Grateful (a.) Affording pleasure; pleasing to the senses; gratifying; delicious; as, a grateful present; food grateful to the palate; grateful sleep.

Grater (a.) One who, or that which, grates; especially, an instrument or utensil with a rough, indented surface, for rubbing off small particles of any substance; as a grater for nutmegs.

Graticulation (n.) The division of a design or draught into squares, in order the more easily to reproduce it in larger or smaller dimensions.

Graticule (n.) A design or draught which has been divided into squares, in order to reproduce it in other dimensions.

Gratification (n.) The act of gratifying, or pleasing, either the mind, the taste, or the appetite; as, the gratification of the palate, of the appetites, of the senses, of the desires, of the heart.

Gratification (n.) That which affords pleasure; satisfaction; enjoyment; fruition: delight.

Gratification (n.) A reward; a recompense; a gratuity.

Glatified (a.) Pleased; indulged according to desire.

Gratifier (n.) One who gratifies or pleases.

Gratified (imp. & p. p.) of Gratify

Gratifying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Gratify

Gratify (v. t.) To please; to give pleasure to; to satisfy; to soothe; to indulge; as, to gratify the taste, the appetite, the senses, the desires, the mind, etc.

Gratify (v. t.) To requite; to recompense.

Grating (n.) A partition, covering, or frame of parallel or cross bars; a latticework resembling a window grate; as, the grating of a prison or convent.

Grating (n.) A system of close equidistant and parallel lines lines or bars, especially lines ruled on a polished surface, used for producing spectra by diffraction; -- called also diffraction grating.

Grating (n.) The strong wooden lattice used to cover a hatch, admitting light and air; also, a movable Lattice used for the flooring of boats.

Grating (a.) That grates; making a harsh sound; harsh.

Grating (n.) A harsh sound caused by attrition.

Gratiolin (n.) One of the essential principles of the hedge hyssop (Gratiola officinalis).

Gratis (adv.) For nothing; without fee or recompense; freely; gratuitously.

Gratitude (a.) The state of being grateful; warm and friendly feeling toward a benefactor; kindness awakened by a favor received; thankfulness.

Gratuitous (a.) Given without an equivalent or recompense; conferred without valuable consideration; granted without pay, or without claim or merit; not required by justice.

Gratuitous (a.) Not called for by the circumstances; without reason, cause, or proof; adopted or asserted without any good ground; as, a gratuitous assumption.

Gtratuities (pl. ) of Gratuity

Gratuity (n.) Something given freely or without recompense; a free gift; a present.

Gratuity (n.) Something voluntarily given in return for a favor or service, as a recompense or acknowledgment.

Grqatulated (imp. & p. p.) of Gratulate

Gratulating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Gratulate

Gratulate (a.) To salute with declaration of joy; to congratulate.

Gratulate (a.) Worthy of gratulation.

Gratulation (n.) The act of gratulating or felicitating; congratulation.

Gratulatory (a.) Expressing gratulation or joy; congratulatory.

Graunt (v. & n.) See Grant.

Grauwacke (n.) Graywacke.

Gravamina (pl. ) of Gravamen

Gravamens (pl. ) of Gravamen

Gravamen (a.) The grievance complained of; the substantial cause of the action; also, in general, the ground or essence of a complaint. Bouvier.

-grave () A final syllable signifying a ruler, as in landgrave, margrave. See Margrave.

Grave (v. t.) To clean, as a vessel's bottom, of barnacles, grass, etc., and pay it over with pitch; -- so called because graves or greaves was formerly used for this purpose.

Grave (superl.) Of great weight; heavy; ponderous.

Grave (superl.) Of importance; momentous; weighty; influential; sedate; serious; -- said of character, relations, etc.; as, grave deportment, character, influence, etc.

Grave (superl.) Not light or gay; solemn; sober; plain; as, a grave color; a grave face.

Grave (superl.) Not acute or sharp; low; deep; -- said of sound; as, a grave note or key.

Grave (superl.) Slow and solemn in movement.

Graved (imp.) of Grave

Graven (p. p.) of Grave

Graved () of Grave

Graving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grave

Grave (n.) To dig. [Obs.] Chaucer.

Grave (n.) To carve or cut, as letters or figures, on some hard substance; to engrave.

Grave (n.) To carve out or give shape to, by cutting with a chisel; to sculpture; as, to grave an image.

Grave (n.) To impress deeply (on the mind); to fix indelibly.

Grave (n.) To entomb; to bury.

Grave (v. i.) To write or delineate on hard substances, by means of incised lines; to practice engraving.

Grave (n.) An excavation in the earth as a place of burial; also, any place of interment; a tomb; a sepulcher. Hence: Death; destruction.

Graveclothes (n. pl.) The clothes or dress in which the dead are interred.

Gravedigger (n.) A digger of graves.

Gravedigger (n.) See Burying beetle, under Bury, v. t.

Gravel (n.) Small stones, or fragments of stone; very small pebbles, often intermixed with particles of sand.

Gravel (n.) A deposit of small calculous concretions in the kidneys and the urinary or gall bladder; also, the disease of which they are a symptom.

Graveled (imp. & p. p.) of Gravel

Gravelled () of Gravel

Graveling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Gravel

Gravelling () of Gravel

Gravel (v. t.) To cover with gravel; as, to gravel a walk.

Gravel (v. t.) To run (as a ship) upon the gravel or beach; to run aground; to cause to stick fast in gravel or sand.

Gravel (v. t.) To check or stop; to embarrass; to perplex.

Gravel (v. t.) To hurt or lame (a horse) by gravel lodged between the shoe and foot.

Graveless (a.) Without a grave; unburied.

Graveling (n.) Alt. of Gravelling

Gravelling (n.) The act of covering with gravel.

Gravelling (n.) A layer or coating of gravel (on a path, etc.).

Graveling (n.) Alt. of Gravelling

Gravelling (n.) A salmon one or two years old, before it has gone to sea.

Gravelliness (n.) State of being gravelly.

Gravelly (a.) Abounding with gravel; consisting of gravel; as, a gravelly soil.

Gravel-stone (n.) A pebble, or small fragment of stone; a calculus.

Gravely (adv.) In a grave manner.

Graven (v. t.) Carved.

Graveness (n.) The quality of being grave.

Gravenstein (n.) A kind of fall apple, marked with streaks of deep red and orange, and of excellent flavor and quality.

Graveolence (n.) A strong and offensive smell; rancidity.

Graveolent (a.) Having a rank smell.

Graver (n.) One who graves; an engraver or a sculptor; one whose occupation is te cut letters or figures in stone or other hard material.

Graver (n.) An ergraving or cutting tool; a burin.

Gravery (n.) The act, process, or art, of graving or carving; engraving.

Graves (n. pl.) The sediment of melted tallow. Same as Greaves.

Graves' disease () Same as Basedow's disease.

Gravestone (n.) A stone laid over, or erected near, a grave, usually with an inscription, to preserve the memory of the dead; a tombstone.

Graveyard (n.) A yard or inclosure for the interment of the dead; a cemetery.

Gravic (a.) Pertaining to, or causing, gravitation; as, gravic forces; gravic attraction.

Gravid (a.) Being with child; heavy with young; pregnant; fruitful; as, a gravid uterus; gravid piety.

Gravidated (a.) Made pregnant; big.

Gravidation (n.) Gravidity.

Gravidity (n.) The state of being gravidated; pregnancy.

Gravigrade (a.) Slow-paced.

Gravigrade (n.) One of the pachyderms.

Gravimeter (n.) An instrument for ascertaining the specific gravity of bodies.

Gravimetric (a.) Of or pertaining to measurement by weight; measured by weight.

Graving (n.) The act of cleaning a ship's bottom.

Graving (n.) The act or art of carving figures in hard substances, esp. by incision or in intaglio.

Graving (n.) That which is graved or carved.

Graving (n.) Impression, as upon the mind or heart.

Gravitated (imp. & p. p.) of Gravitate

Gravitating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Gravitate

Gravitate (v. i.) To obey the law of gravitation; to exert a force Or pressure, or tend to move, under the influence of gravitation; to tend in any direction or toward any object.

Gravitation (n.) The act of gravitating.

Gravitation (n.) That species of attraction or force by which all bodies or particles of matter in the universe tend toward each other; called also attraction of gravitation, universal gravitation, and universal gravity. See Attraction, and Weight.

Gravitational (a.) Of or pertaining to the force of gravity; as, gravitational units.

Gravitative (a.) Causing to gravitate; tending to a center.

Gravities (pl. ) of Gravity

Gravity (a.) The state of having weight; beaviness; as, the gravity of lead.

Gravity (a.) Sobriety of character or demeanor.

Gravity (a.) Importance, significance, dignity, etc; hence, seriousness; enormity; as, the gravity of an offense.

Gravity (a.) The tendency of a mass of matter toward a center of attraction; esp., the tendency of a body toward the center of the earth; terrestrial gravitation.

Gravity (a.) Lowness of tone; -- opposed to acuteness.

Gravies (pl. ) of Gravy

Gravy (n.) The juice or other liquid matter that drips from flesh in cooking, made into a dressing for the food when served up.

Gravy (n.) Liquid dressing for meat, fish, vegetables, etc.

Gray (superl.) White mixed with black, as the color of pepper and salt, or of ashes, or of hair whitened by age; sometimes, a dark mixed color; as, the soft gray eye of a dove.

Gray (superl.) Gray-haired; gray-headed; of a gray color; hoary.

Gray (superl.) Old; mature; as, gray experience. Ames.

Gray (n.) A gray color; any mixture of white and black; also, a neutral or whitish tint.

Gray (n.) An animal or thing of gray color, as a horse, a badger, or a kind of salmon.

Grayback (n.) The California gray whale.

Grayback (n.) The redbreasted sandpiper or knot.

Grayback (n.) The dowitcher.

Grayback (n.) The body louse.

Graybeard (n.) An old man.

Grayfly (n.) The trumpet fly.

Grayhound (n.) See Greyhound.

Grayish (a.) Somewhat gray.

Graylag (n.) The common wild gray goose (Anser anser) of Europe, believed to be the wild form of the domestic goose. See Illust. of Goose.

Grayling (a.) A European fish (Thymallus vulgaris), allied to the trout, but having a very broad dorsal fin; -- called also umber. It inhabits cold mountain streams, and is valued as a game fish.

Grayling (a.) An American fish of the genus Thymallus, having similar habits to the above; one species (T. Ontariensis), inhabits several streams in Michigan; another (T. montanus), is found in the Yellowstone region.

Grayness (n.) The quality of being gray.

Gtraystone (n.) A grayish or greenish compact rock, composed of feldspar and augite, and allied to basalt.

Graywacke (n.) A conglomerate or grit rock, consisting of rounded pebbles sand firmly united together.

Grazed (imp. & p. p.) of Graze

Grazing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Graze

Graze (v. t.) To feed or supply (cattle, sheep, etc.) with grass; to furnish pasture for.

Graze (v. t.) To feed on; to eat (growing herbage); to eat grass from (a pasture); to browse.

Graze (v. t.) To tend (cattle, etc.) while grazing.

Graze (v. t.) To rub or touch lightly the surface of (a thing) in passing; as, the bullet grazed the wall.

Graze (v. i.) To eat grass; to feed on growing herbage; as, cattle graze on the meadows.

Graze (v. i.) To yield grass for grazing.

Graze (v. i.) To touch something lightly in passing.

Graze (n.) The act of grazing; the cropping of grass.

Graze (n.) A light touch; a slight scratch.

Grazer (n.) One that grazes; a creature which feeds on growing grass or herbage.

Grazier (n.) One who pastures cattle, and rears them for market.

Grazing (n.) The act of one who, or that which, grazes.

Grazing (n.) A pasture; growing grass.

Grazioso (adv.) Gracefully; smoothly; elegantly.

Gre (n.) See Gree, a step.

Gre (n.) See Gree, good will.

Grease (n.) Animal fat, as tallow or lard, especially when in a soft state; oily or unctuous matter of any kind.

Grease (n.) An inflammation of a horse's heels, suspending the ordinary greasy secretion of the part, and producing dryness and scurfiness, followed by cracks, ulceration, and fungous excrescences.

Greased (imp. & p. p.) of Grease

Greasing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grease

Grease (v. t.) To smear, anoint, or daub, with grease or fat; to lubricate; as, to grease the wheels of a wagon.

Grease (v. t.) To bribe; to corrupt with presents.

Grease (v. t.) To cheat or cozen; to overreach.

Grease (v. t.) To affect (a horse) with grease, the disease.

Greaser (n.) One who, or that which, greases; specifically, a person employed to lubricate the working parts of machinery, engines, carriages, etc.

Greaser (n.) A nickname sometimes applied in contempt to a Mexican of the lowest type.

Greasily (adv.) In a greasy manner.

Greasily (adv.) In a gross or indelicate manner.

Greasiness (n.) The quality or state of being greasy, oiliness; unctuousness; grossness.

Greasy (superl.) Composed of, or characterized by, grease; oily; unctuous; as, a greasy dish.

Greasy (superl.) Smeared or defiled with grease.

Greasy (superl.) Like grease or oil; smooth; seemingly unctuous to the touch, as is mineral soapstone.

Greasy (superl.) Fat of body; bulky.

Greasy (superl.) Gross; indelicate; indecent.

Greasy (superl.) Affected with the disease called grease; as, the heels of a horse. See Grease, n., 2.

Great (superl.) Large in space; of much size; big; immense; enormous; expanded; -- opposed to small and little; as, a great house, ship, farm, plain, distance, length.

Great (superl.) Large in number; numerous; as, a great company, multitude, series, etc.

Great (superl.) Long continued; lengthened in duration; prolonged in time; as, a great while; a great interval.

Great (superl.) Superior; admirable; commanding; -- applied to thoughts, actions, and feelings.

Great (superl.) Endowed with extraordinary powers; uncommonly gifted; able to accomplish vast results; strong; powerful; mighty; noble; as, a great hero, scholar, genius, philosopher, etc.

Great (superl.) Holding a chief position; elevated: lofty: eminent; distingushed; foremost; principal; as, great men; the great seal; the great marshal, etc.

Great (superl.) Entitled to earnest consideration; weighty; important; as, a great argument, truth, or principle.

Great (superl.) Pregnant; big (with young).

Great (superl.) More than ordinary in degree; very considerable in degree; as, to use great caution; to be in great pain.

Great (superl.) Older, younger, or more remote, by single generation; -- often used before grand to indicate one degree more remote in the direct line of descent; as, great-grandfather (a grandfather's or a grandmother's father), great-grandson, etc.

Great (n.) The whole; the gross; as, a contract to build a ship by the great.

Great-bellied (a.) Having a great belly; bigbellied; pregnant; teeming.

Greatcoat (n.) An overcoat.

Greaten (v. t.) To make great; to aggrandize; to cause to increase in size; to expand.

Greaten (v. i.) To become large; to dilate.

Great-grandchild (n.) The child of one's grandson or granddaughter.

Great-granddaughter (n.) A daughter of one's grandson or granddaughter.

Great-grandfather (n.) The father of one's grandfather or grandmother.

Great-grandmother (n.) The mother of one's grandfather or grandmother.

Great-grandson (n.) A son of one's grandson or granddaughter.

Great-hearted (a.) High-spirited; fearless.

Great-hearted (a.) Generous; magnanimous; noble.

Great-heartedness (n.) The quality of being greathearted; high-mindedness; magnanimity.

Greatly (adv.) In a great degree; much.

Greatly (adv.) Nobly; illustriously; magnanimously.

Greatness (n.) The state, condition, or quality of being great; as, greatness of size, greatness of mind, power, etc.

Greatness (n.) Pride; haughtiness.

Greave (n.) A grove.

Greave (n.) Armor for the leg below the knee; -- usually in the plural.

Greaved (imp. & p. p.) of Greave

Greaving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Greave

Greave (v. t.) To clean (a ship's bottom); to grave.

Greaves (n. pl.) The sediment of melted tallow. It is made into cakes for dogs' food. In Scotland it is called cracklings.

Grebe (n.) One of several swimming birds or divers, of the genus Colymbus (formerly Podiceps), and allied genera, found in the northern parts of America, Europe, and Asia. They have strong, sharp bills, and lobate toes.

Grecian (a.) Of or pertaining to Greece; Greek.

Grecian (n.) A native or naturalized inhabitant of Greece; a Greek.

Grecian (n.) A jew who spoke Greek; a Hellenist.

Grecian (n.) One well versed in the Greek language, literature, or history.

Grecism (n.) An idiom of the Greek language; a Hellenism.

Grecized (imp. & p. p.) of Grecize

Grecizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grecize

Grecize (v. t.) To render Grecian; also, to cause (a word or phrase in another language) to take a Greek form; as, the name is Grecized.

Grecize (v. t.) To translate into Greek.

Grecize (v. i.) Alt. of Grecianize

Grecianize (v. i.) To conform to the Greek custom, especially in speech.

Greco-Roman (a.) Having characteristics that are partly Greek and partly Roman; as, Greco-Roman architecture.

Grecque (n.) An ornament supposed to be of Greek origin, esp. a fret or meander.

Gree (n.) Good will; favor; pleasure; satisfaction; -- used esp. in such phrases as: to take in gree; to accept in gree; that is, to take favorably.

Gree (n.) Rank; degree; position.

Gree (n.) The prize; the honor of the day; as, to bear the gree, i. e., to carry off the prize.

Gree (v. i.) To agree.

Grees (pl. ) of Gree

Greece (pl. ) of Gree

Grice (pl. ) of Gree

Grise (pl. ) of Gree

Grize (pl. ) of Gree

Gree (n.) A step.

Greece (n. pl.) See Gree a step.

Greed (n.) An eager desire or longing; greediness; as, a greed of gain.

Greedily (adv.) In a greedy manner.

Greediness (n.) The quality of being greedy; vehement and selfish desire.

Greedy (superl.) Having a keen appetite for food or drink; ravenous; voracious; very hungry; -- followed by of; as, a lion that is greedy of his prey.

Greedy (superl.) Having a keen desire for anything; vehemently desirous; eager to obtain; avaricious; as, greedy of gain.

Greedy-gut (n.) A glutton.

Greegree (n.) An African talisman or Gri'gri' charm.

Greek (a.) Of or pertaining to Greece or the Greeks; Grecian.

Greek (n.) A native, or one of the people, of Greece; a Grecian; also, the language of Greece.

Greek (n.) A swindler; a knave; a cheat.

Greek (n.) Something unintelligible; as, it was all Greek to me.

Greekess (n.) A female Greek.

Greekish (a.) Peculiar to Greece.

Greekling (n.) A little Greek, or one of small esteem or pretensions.

Green (superl.) Having the color of grass when fresh and growing; resembling that color of the solar spectrum which is between the yellow and the blue; verdant; emerald.

Green (superl.) Having a sickly color; wan.

Green (superl.) Full of life aud vigor; fresh and vigorous; new; recent; as, a green manhood; a green wound.

Green (superl.) Not ripe; immature; not fully grown or ripened; as, green fruit, corn, vegetables, etc.

Green (superl.) Not roasted; half raw.

Green (superl.) Immature in age or experience; young; raw; not trained; awkward; as, green in years or judgment.

Green (superl.) Not seasoned; not dry; containing its natural juices; as, green wood, timber, etc.

Green (n.) The color of growing plants; the color of the solar spectrum intermediate between the yellow and the blue.

Green (n.) A grassy plain or plat; a piece of ground covered with verdant herbage; as, the village green.

Green (n.) Fresh leaves or branches of trees or other plants; wreaths; -- usually in the plural.

Green (n.) pl. Leaves and stems of young plants, as spinach, beets, etc., which in their green state are boiled for food.

Green (n.) Any substance or pigment of a green color.

Greened (imp. & p. p.) of Green

Greening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Green

Green (v. t.) To make green.

Green (v. i.) To become or grow green.

Greenback (n.) One of the legal tender notes of the United States; -- first issued in 1862, and having the devices on the back printed with green ink, to prevent alterations and counterfeits.

Greenbacker (n.) One of those who supported greenback or paper money, and opposed the resumption of specie payments.

Greenbone (n.) Any garfish (Belone or Tylosurus).

Greenbone (n.) The European eelpout.

Green-broom (n.) A plant of the genus Genista (G. tinctoria); dyer's weed; -- called also greenweed.

Greencloth (n.) A board or court of justice formerly held in the counting house of the British sovereign's household, composed of the lord steward and his officers, and having cognizance of matters of justice in the household, with power to correct offenders and keep the peace within the verge of the palace, which extends two hundred yards beyond the gates.

Greenery (n.) Green plants; verdure.

Green-eyed (a.) Having green eyes.

Green-eyed (a.) Seeing everything through a medium which discolors or distorts.

Greenfinch (n.) A European finch (Ligurinus chloris); -- called also green bird, green linnet, green grosbeak, green olf, greeny, and peasweep.

Greenfinch (n.) The Texas sparrow (Embernagra rufivirgata), in which the general color is olive green, with four rufous stripes on the head.

Greenfish (n.) See Bluefish, and Pollock.

Greengage (n.) A kind of plum of medium size, roundish shape, greenish flesh, and delicious flavor. It is called in France Reine Claude, after the queen of Francis I. See Gage.

Greengill (n.) An oyster which has the gills tinged with a green pigment, said to be due to an abnormal condition of the blood.

Greengrocer (n.) A retailer of vegetables or fruits in their fresh or green state.

Greenhead (n.) The mallard.

Greenhead (n.) The striped bass. See Bass.

Greenhead (n.) Alt. of Greenhood

Greenhood (n.) A state of greenness; verdancy.

Greenhorn (n.) A raw, inexperienced person; one easily imposed upon.

Greenhouse (n.) A house in which tender plants are cultivated and sheltered from the weather.

Greening (n.) A greenish apple, of several varieties, among which the Rhode Island greening is the best known for its fine-grained acid flesh and its excellent keeping quality.

Greenish (a.) Somewhat green; having a tinge of green; as, a greenish yellow.

Greenlander (n.) A native of Greenland.

Green-leek (n.) An Australian parrakeet (Polytelis Barrabandi); -- called also the scarlet-breasted parrot.

Greenlet (n.) l. (Zool.) One of numerous species of small American singing birds, of the genus Vireo, as the solitary, or blue-headed (Vireo solitarius); the brotherly-love (V. Philadelphicus); the warbling greenlet (V. gilvus); the yellow-throated greenlet (V. flavifrons) and others. See Vireo.

Greenlet (n.) Any species of Cyclorhis, a genus of tropical American birds allied to the tits.

Greenly (adv.) With a green color; newly; freshly, immaturely.

Greenly (a.) Of a green color.

Greenness (n.) The quality of being green; viridity; verdancy; as, the greenness of grass, or of a meadow.

Greenness (n.) Freshness; vigor; newness.

Greenness (n.) Immaturity; unripeness; as, the greenness of fruit; inexperience; as, the greenness of youth.

Greenockite (n.) Native cadmium sulphide, a mineral occurring in yellow hexagonal crystals, also as an earthy incrustation.

Greenroom (n.) The retiring room of actors and actresses in a theater.

Greensand (n.) A variety of sandstone, usually imperfectly consolidated, consisting largely of glauconite, a silicate of iron and potash of a green color, mixed with sand and a trace of phosphate of lime.

Greenshank (n.) A European sandpiper or snipe (Totanus canescens); -- called also greater plover.

Green-stall (n.) A stall at which greens and fresh vegetables are exposed for sale.

Greenstone (n.) A name formerly applied rather loosely to certain dark-colored igneous rocks, including diorite, diabase, etc.

Greensward (n.) Turf green with grass.

Greenth (n.) The state or quality of being green; verdure.

Greenweed (n.) See Greenbroom.

Greenwood (n.) A forest as it appears is spring and summer.

Greenwood (a.) Pertaining to a greenwood; as, a greenwood shade.

Greet (a.) Great.

Greet (v. i.) To weep; to cry; to lament.

Greet (n.) Mourning.

Greeted (imp. & p. p.) of Greet

Greeting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Greet

Greet (v. t.) To address with salutations or expressions of kind wishes; to salute; to hail; to welcome; to accost with friendship; to pay respects or compliments to, either personally or through the intervention of another, or by writing or token.

Greet (v. t.) To come upon, or meet, as with something that makes the heart glad.

Greet (v. t.) To accost; to address.

Greet (v. i.) To meet and give salutations.

Greet (n.) Greeting.

Greeter (n.) One who greets or salutes another.

Greeter (n.) One who weeps or mourns.

Greeting (n.) Expression of kindness or joy; salutation at meeting; a compliment from one absent.

Greeve (n.) See Grieve, an overseer.

Greeze (n.) A step. See Gree, a step.

Greffier (n.) A registrar or recorder; a notary.

Gregal (a.) Pertaining to, or like, a flock.

Gregarian (a.) Gregarious; belonging to the herd or common sort; common.

\d8Gregarin\91 (n. pl.) An order of Protozoa, allied to the Rhizopoda, and parasitic in other animals, as in the earthworm, lobster, etc. When adult, they have a small, wormlike body inclosing a nucleus, but without external organs; in one of the young stages, they are amoebiform; -- called also Gregarinida, and Gregarinaria.

Gregarine (a.) Of or pertaining to the Gregarinae.

Gregarine (n.) One of the Gregarinae.

\d8Gregarinida () Gregarinae.

Gregarious (a.) Habitually living or moving in flocks or herds; tending to flock or herd together; not habitually solitary or living alone.

Grege (v. t.) Alt. of Gregge

Gregge (v. t.) To make heavy; to increase.

Greggoe (n.) Alt. of Grego

Grego (n.) A short jacket or cloak, made of very thick, coarse cloth, with a hood attached, worn by the Greeks and others in the Levant.

Gregorian (a.) Pertaining to, or originated by, some person named Gregory, especially one of the popes of that name.

Greillade (n.) Iron ore in coarse powder, prepared for reduction by the Catalan process.

Greisen (n.) A crystalline rock consisting of quarts and mica, common in the tin regions of Cornwall and Saxony.

Greit (v. i.) See Greet, to weep.

Greith (v. t.) To make ready; -- often used reflexively.

Greith (v.) Goods; furniture.

Gremial (a.) Of or pertaining to the lap or bosom.

Gremial (n.) A bosom friend.

Gremial (n.) A cloth, often adorned with gold or silver lace, placed on the bishop's lap while he sits in celebrating mass, or in ordaining priests.

Grenade (n.) A hollow ball or shell of iron filled with powder of other explosive, ignited by means of a fuse, and thrown from the hand among enemies.

Grenadier (n.) Originaly, a soldier who carried and threw grenades; afterward, one of a company attached to each regiment or battalion, taking post on the right of the line, and wearing a peculiar uniform. In modern times, a member of a special regiment or corps; as, a grenadier of the guard of Napoleon I. one of the regiment of Grenadier Guards of the British army, etc.

Grenadier (n.) Any marine fish of the genus Macrurus, in which the body and tail taper to a point; they mostly inhabit the deep sea; -- called also onion fish, and rat-tail fish.

Grenadier (n.) A bright-colored South African grosbeak (Pyromelana orix), having the back red and the lower parts black.

Grenadillo (n.) A handsome tropical American wood, much used for making flutes and other wind instruments; -- called also Grenada cocos, or cocus, and red ebony.

Grenadine (n.) A thin gauzelike fabric of silk or wool, for women's wear.

Grenadine (n.) A trade name for a dyestuff, consisting essentially of impure fuchsine.

Grenado (n.) Same as Grenade.

Grene (a.) Green.

Gres (n.) Grass.

Gressorial (a.) Alt. of Gressorious

Gressorious (a.) Adapted for walking; anisodactylous; as the feet of certain birds and insects. See Illust. under Aves.

Gret (a.) Alt. of Grete

Grete (a.) Great.

Gretto () imp. of Greet, to salute.

Greve (n.) A grove.

Grew () imp. of Grow.

Grewsome (a.) Alt. of Gruesome

Gruesome (a.) Ugly; frightful.

Grey (a.) See Gray (the correct orthography).

Greyhound (n.) A slender, graceful breed of dogs, remarkable for keen sight and swiftness. It is one of the oldest varieties known, and is figured on the Egyptian monuments.

Greylag (n.) See Graylag.

Gribble (n.) A small marine isopod crustacean (Limnoria lignorum or L. terebrans), which burrows into and rapidly destroys submerged timber, such as the piles of wharves, both in Europe and America.

Grice (n.) A little pig.

Grice (n.) See Gree, a step.

Grid (n.) A grating of thin parallel bars, similar to a gridiron.

Griddle (n.) An iron plate or pan used for cooking cakes.

Griddle (n.) A sieve with a wire bottom, used by miners.

Griddlecake (n.) A cake baked or fried on a griddle, esp. a thin batter cake, as of buckwheat or common flour.

Grided (imp. & p. p.) of Gride

Griding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Gride

Gride (e. i.) To cut with a grating sound; to cut; to penetrate or pierce harshly; as, the griding sword.

Grade (n.) A harsh scraping or cutting; a grating.

Gridelin (n.) A color mixed of white, and red, or a gray violet.

Gridiron (n.) A grated iron utensil for broiling flesh and fish over coals.

Gridiron (n.) An openwork frame on which vessels are placed for examination, cleaning, and repairs.

Gridiron (n.) A football field.

Grief (a.) Pain of mind on account of something in the past; mental suffering arising from any cause, as misfortune, loss of friends, misconduct of one's self or others, etc.; sorrow; sadness.

Grief (a.) Cause of sorrow or pain; that which afficts or distresses; trial; grievance.

Grief (a.) Physical pain, or a cause of it; malady.

Griefful (a.) Full of grief or sorrow.

Griefless (a.) Without grief.

Griego (n.) See Greggoe.

Grievable (a.) Lamentable.

Grievance (v. t.) A cause of uneasiness and complaint; a wrong done and suffered; that which gives ground for remonstrance or resistance, as arising from injustice, tyranny, etc.; injury.

Grievance (v. t.) Grieving; grief; affliction.

Grievancer (n.) One who occasions a grievance; one who gives ground for complaint.

Grieve (n.) Alt. of Greeve

Greeve (n.) A manager of a farm, or overseer of any work; a reeve; a manorial bailiff.

Grieved (imp. & p. p.) of Grieve

Grieving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grieve

Grieve (v. t.) To occasion grief to; to wound the sensibilities of; to make sorrowful; to cause to suffer; to afflict; to hurt; to try.

Grieve (v. t.) To sorrow over; as, to grieve one's fate.

Grieve (v. i.) To feel grief; to be in pain of mind on account of an evil; to sorrow; to mourn; -- often followed by at, for, or over.

Griever (n.) One who, or that which, grieves.

Grieving (a.) Sad; sorrowful; causing grief.

Grieving (n.) The act of causing grief; the state of being grieved.

Grievous (a.) Causing grief or sorrow; painful; afflictive; hard to bear; offensive; harmful.

Grievous (a.) Characterized by great atrocity; heinous; aggravated; flagitious; as, a grievous sin.

Grievous (a.) Full of, or expressing, grief; showing great sorrow or affliction; as, a grievous cry.

Griff (n.) Grasp; reach.

Griff (n.) An arrangement of parallel bars for lifting the hooked wires which raise the warp threads in a loom for weaving figured goods.

Griffe (n.) The offspring of a mulatto woman and a negro; also, a mulatto.

Griffin (n.) An Anglo-Indian name for a person just arrived from Europe.

Griffin (n.) Alt. of Griffon

Griffon (n.) A fabulous monster, half lion and half eagle. It is often represented in Grecian and Roman works of art.

Griffon (n.) A representation of this creature as an heraldic charge.

Griffon (n.) A species of large vulture (Gyps fulvus) found in the mountainous parts of Southern Europe, North Africa, and Asia Minor; -- called also gripe, and grype. It is supposed to be the "eagle" of the Bible. The bearded griffin is the lammergeir.

Griffon (n.) An English early apple.

Grig (n.) A cricket or grasshopper.

Grig (n.) Any small eel.

Grig (n.) The broad-nosed eel. See Glut.

Grig (n.) Heath.

Gril (a.) Harsh; hard; severe; stern; rough.

Grill (v. t.) A gridiron.

Grill (v. t.) That which is broiled on a gridiron, as meat, fish, etc.

Grilled (imp. & p. p.) of Grill

Grilling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grill

Grill (n.) To broil on a grill or gridiron.

Grill (n.) To torment, as if by broiling.

Grillade (v. t.) The act of grilling; also, that which is grilled.

Grillage (n.) A framework of sleepers and crossbeams forming a foundation in marshy or treacherous soil.

Grille (v. t.) A lattice or grating.

Grilly (v. t.) To broil; to grill; hence, To harass.

Grilse (n.) A young salmon after its first return from the sea.

Grim (Compar.) Of forbidding or fear-inspiring aspect; fierce; stern; surly; cruel; frightful; horrible.

Grimace (n.) A distortion of the countenance, whether habitual, from affectation, or momentary aad occasional, to express some feeling, as contempt, disapprobation, complacency, etc.; a smirk; a made-up face.

Grimace (v. i.) To make grimaces; to distort one's face; to make faces.

Grimaced (a.) Distorted; crabbed.

Grimalkin (n.) An old cat, esp. a she-cat.

Grime (n.) Foul matter; dirt, rubbed in; sullying blackness, deeply ingrained.

Grime (v. t.) To sully or soil deeply; to dirt.

Grimily (adv.) In a grimy manner.

Griminess (n.) The state of being grimy.

Grimly (a.) Grim; hideous; stern.

Grimly (adv.) In a grim manner; fiercely.

Grimme (n.) A West African antelope (Cephalophus rufilotus) of a deep bay color, with a broad dorsal stripe of black; -- called also conquetoon.

Grimness (n.) Fierceness of look; sternness; crabbedness; forbiddingness.

Grimsir (n.) A stern man.

Grimy (superl.) Full of grime; begrimed; dirty; foul.

Grin (n.) A snare; a gin.

Grinned (imp. & p. p.) of Grin

Grinning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grin

Grin (v. i.) To show the teeth, as a dog; to snarl.

Grin (v. i.) To set the teeth together and open the lips, or to open the mouth and withdraw the lips from the teeth, so as to show them, as in laughter, scorn, or pain.

Grin (v. t.) To express by grinning.

Grin (n.) The act of closing the teeth and showing them, or of withdrawing the lips and showing the teeth; a hard, forced, or sneering smile.

Ground (imp. & p. p.) of Grind

Grinding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grind

Grind (v. t.) To reduce to powder by friction, as in a mill, or with the teeth; to crush into small fragments; to produce as by the action of millstones.

Grind (v. t.) To wear down, polish, or sharpen, by friction; to make smooth, sharp, or pointed; to whet, as a knife or drill; to rub against one another, as teeth, etc.

Grind (v. t.) To oppress by severe exactions; to harass.

Grind (v. t.) To study hard for examination.

Grind (v. i.) To perform the operation of grinding something; to turn the millstones.

Grind (v. i.) To become ground or pulverized by friction; as, this corn grinds well.

Grind (v. i.) To become polished or sharpened by friction; as, glass grinds smooth; steel grinds to a sharp edge.

Grind (v. i.) To move with much difficulty or friction; to grate.

Grind (v. i.) To perform hard aud distasteful service; to drudge; to study hard, as for an examination.

Grind (n.) The act of reducing to powder, or of sharpening, by friction.

Grind (n.) Any severe continuous work or occupation; esp., hard and uninteresting study.

Grind (n.) A hard student; a dig.

Grinded (p. p.) Ground.

Grindelia (n.) The dried stems and leaves of tarweed (Grindelia), used as a remedy in asthma and bronchitis.

Grinder (n.) One who, or that which, grinds.

Grinder (n.) One of the double teeth, used to grind or masticate the food; a molar.

Grinder (n.) The restless flycatcher (Seisura inquieta) of Australia; -- called also restless thrush and volatile thrush. It makes a noise like a scissors grinder, to which the name alludes.

Grindery (n.) Leather workers' materials.

Grinding (a. & n.) from Grind.

Grindingly (adv.) In a grinding manner.

Grindle (n.) The bowfin; -- called also Johnny Grindle.

Grindle stone () A grindstone.

Grindlet (n.) A small drain.

Grindstone (n.) A flat, circular stone, revolving on an axle, for grinding or sharpening tools, or shaping or smoothing objects.

Grinner (n.) One who grins.

Grinningly (adv.) In a grinning manner.

Grint () 3d pers. sing. pres. of Grind, contr. from grindeth.

Grinte () imp. of Grin, v. i., 1.

Grinting (n.) Grinding.

Grip (n.) The griffin.

Grip (n.) A small ditch or furrow.

Grip (v. t.) To trench; to drain.

Grip (v. t.) An energetic or tenacious grasp; a holding fast; strength in grasping.

Grip (v. t.) A peculiar mode of clasping the hand, by which members of a secret association recognize or greet, one another; as, a masonic grip.

Grip (v. t.) That by which anything is grasped; a handle or gripe; as, the grip of a sword.

Grip (v. t.) A device for grasping or holding fast to something.

Grip (v. t.) To give a grip to; to grasp; to gripe.

Gripe (n.) A vulture; the griffin.

Griped (imp. & p. p.) of Gripe

Griping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Gripe

Gripe (v. t.) To catch with the hand; to clasp closely with the fingers; to clutch.

Gripe (v. t.) To seize and hold fast; to embrace closely.

Gripe (v. t.) To pinch; to distress. Specifically, to cause pinching and spasmodic pain to the bowels of, as by the effects of certain purgative or indigestible substances.

Gripe (v. i.) To clutch, hold, or pinch a thing, esp. money, with a gripe or as with a gripe.

Gripe (v. i.) To suffer griping pains.

Gripe (v. i.) To tend to come up into the wind, as a ship which, when sailing closehauled, requires constant labor at the helm.

Gripe (n.) Grasp; seizure; fast hold; clutch.

Gripe (n.) That on which the grasp is put; a handle; a grip; as, the gripe of a sword.

Gripe (n.) A device for grasping or holding anything; a brake to stop a wheel.

Gripe (n.) Oppression; cruel exaction; affiction; pinching distress; as, the gripe of poverty.

Gripe (n.) Pinching and spasmodic pain in the intestines; -- chiefly used in the plural.

Gripe (n.) The piece of timber which terminates the keel at the fore end; the forefoot.

Gripe (n.) The compass or sharpness of a ship's stern under the water, having a tendency to make her keep a good wind.

Gripe (n.) An assemblage of ropes, dead-eyes, and hocks, fastened to ringbolts in the deck, to secure the boats when hoisted; also, broad bands passed around a boat to secure it at the davits and prevent swinging.

Gripeful (a.) Disposed to gripe; extortionate.

Griper (a.) One who gripes; an oppressor; an extortioner.

Gripingly (adv.) In a griping or oppressive manner.

Griman (n.) The man who manipulates a grip.

Grippe (n.) The influenza or epidemic catarrh.

Gripper (n.) One who, or that which, grips or seizes.

Gripper (n.) In printing presses, the fingers or nippers.

Gripple (n.) A grasp; a gripe.

Gripple (a.) Griping; greedy; covetous; tenacious.

Grippleness (n.) The quality of being gripple.

Gripsack (n.) A traveler's handbag.

Gris (a.) Gray.

Gris (a.) A costly kind of fur.

Gris (n. sing. & pl.) A little pig.

Grisaille (n.) Decorative painting in gray monochrome; -- used in English especially for painted glass.

Grisaille (n.) A kind of French fancy dress goods.

Grisamber (n.) Ambergris.

Grise (n.) See Grice, a pig.

Grise (n.) A step (in a flight of stairs); a degree.

Griseous (a.) Of a light color, or white, mottled with black or brown; grizzled or grizzly.

Grisette (n.) A French girl or young married woman of the lower class; more frequently, a young working woman who is fond of gallantry.

Griskin (n.) The spine of a hog.

Grisled (a.) See Grizzled.

Grisliness (n.) The quality or state of being grisly; horrid.

Grisly (a.) Frightful; horrible; dreadful; harsh; as, grisly locks; a grisly specter.

Grison (n.) A South American animal of the family Mustelidae (Galictis vittata). It is about two feet long, exclusive of the tail. Its under parts are black. Also called South American glutton.

Grison (n.) A South American monkey (Lagothrix infumatus), said to be gluttonous.

Grisons (n. pl.) Inhabitants of the eastern Swiss Alps.

Grisons (n. pl.) The largest and most eastern of the Swiss cantons.

Grist (n.) Ground corn; that which is ground at one time; as much grain as is carried to the mill at one time, or the meal it produces.

Grist (n.) Supply; provision.

Grist (n.) In rope making, a given size of rope, common grist being a rope three inches in circumference, with twenty yarns in each of the three strands.

Gristle (n.) Cartilage. See Cartilage.

Gristly (a.) Consisting of, or containing, gristle; like gristle; cartilaginous.

Gristmill (n.) A mill for grinding grain; especially, a mill for grinding grists, or portions of grain brought by different customers; a custom mill.

Grit (n.) Sand or gravel; rough, hard particles.

Grit (n.) The coarse part of meal.

Grit (n.) Grain, esp. oats or wheat, hulled and coarsely ground; in high milling, fragments of cracked wheat smaller than groats.

Grit (n.) A hard, coarse-grained siliceous sandstone; as, millstone grit; -- called also gritrock and gritstone. The name is also applied to a finer sharp-grained sandstone; as, grindstone grit.

Grit (n.) Structure, as adapted to grind or sharpen; as, a hone of good grit.

Grit (n.) Firmness of mind; invincible spirit; unyielding courage; fortitude.

Grit (v. i.) To give forth a grating sound, as sand under the feet; to grate; to grind.

Gritted (imp. & p. p.) of Grit

Gritting (p. pr. &, vb. n.) of Grit

Grit (v. t.) To grind; to rub harshly together; to grate; as, to grit the teeth.

Grith (n.) Peace; security; agreement.

Gritrock (n.) Alt. of Gritstone

Gritstone (n.) See Grit, n., 4.

Grittiness (n.) The quality of being gritty.

Gritty (a.) Containing sand or grit; consisting of grit; caused by grit; full of hard particles.

Gritty (a.) Spirited; resolute; unyielding.

Grivet (n.) A monkey of the upper Nile and Abyssinia (Cercopithecus griseo-viridis), having the upper parts dull green, the lower parts white, the hands, ears, and face black. It was known to the ancient Egyptians. Called also tota.

Grize (n.) Same as 2d Grise.

Grizelin (a.) See Gridelin.

Grizzle (n.) Gray; a gray color; a mixture of white and black.

Grizzled (a.) Gray; grayish; sprinkled or mixed with gray; of a mixed white and black.

Grizzly (a.) Somewhat gray; grizzled.

Grizzlies (pl. ) of Grizzly

Grizzly (n.) A grizzly bear. See under Grizzly, a.

Grizzly (a.) In hydraulic mining, gratings used to catch and throw out large stones from the sluices.

Groaned (imp. & p. p.) of Groan

Groaning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Groan

Groan (v. i.) To give forth a low, moaning sound in breathing; to utter a groan, as in pain, in sorrow, or in derision; to moan.

Groan (v. i.) To strive after earnestly, as with groans.

Groan (v. t.) To affect by groans.

Groan (n.) A low, moaning sound; usually, a deep, mournful sound uttered in pain or great distress; sometimes, an expression of strong disapprobation; as, the remark was received with groans.

Groanful (a.) Agonizing; sad.

Groat (n.) An old English silver coin, equal to four pence.

Groat (n.) Any small sum of money.

Groats (n. pl.) Dried grain, as oats or wheat, hulled and broken or crushed; in high milling, cracked fragments of wheat larger than grits.

Grocer (n.) A trader who deals in tea, sugar, spices, coffee, fruits, and various other commodities.

Groceries (pl. ) of Grocery

Grocery (n.) The commodities sold by grocers, as tea, coffee, spices, etc.; -- in the United States almost always in the plural form, in this sense.

Grocery (n.) A retail grocer's shop or store.

Grog (n.) A mixture of spirit and water not sweetened; hence, any intoxicating liquor.

Groggeries (pl. ) of Groggery

Groggery (n.) A grogshop.

Grogginess (n.) State of being groggy.

Grogginess (n.) Tenderness or stiffness in the foot of a horse, which causes him to move in a hobbling manner.

Groggy (a.) Overcome with grog; tipsy; unsteady on the legs.

Groggy (a.) Weakened in a fight so as to stagger; -- said of pugilists.

Groggy (a.) Moving in a hobbling manner, owing to ten der feet; -- said of a horse.

Grogram (n.) Alt. of Grogran

Grogran (n.) A coarse stuff made of silk and mohair, or of coarse silk.

Grogshop (n.) A shop or room where strong liquors are sold and drunk; a dramshop.

Groin (n.) The snout of a swine.

Groin (v. i.) To grunt to growl; to snarl; to murmur.

Groin (n.) The line between the lower part of the abdomen and the thigh, or the region of this line; the inguen.

Groin (n.) The projecting solid angle formed by the meeting of two vaults, growing more obtuse as it approaches the summit.

Groin (n.) The surface formed by two such vaults.

Groin (n.) A frame of woodwork across a beach to accumulate and retain shingle.

Groined (imp. & p. p.) of Groin

Groining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Groin

Groin (v. t.) To fashion into groins; to build with groins.

Groined (a.) Built with groins; as, a groined ceiling; a groined vault.

Gromet (n.) Same as Grommet.

Gromill (n.) See Gromwell.

Grommet (n.) A ring formed by twisting on itself a single strand of an unlaid rope; also, a metallic eyelet in or for a sail or a mailbag. Sometimes written grummet.

Grommet (n.) A ring of rope used as a wad to hold a cannon ball in place.

Gromwell (n.) A plant of the genus Lithospermum (L. arvense), anciently used, because of its stony pericarp, in the cure of gravel. The German gromwell is the Stellera.

Grond () obs. imp. of Grind.

Gronte () obs. imp. of Groan.

Groom (n.) A boy or young man; a waiter; a servant; especially, a man or boy who has charge of horses, or the stable.

Groom (n.) One of several officers of the English royal household, chiefly in the lord chamberlain's department; as, the groom of the chamber; the groom of the stole.

Groom (n.) A man recently married, or about to be married; a bridegroom.

Groomed (imp. & p. p.) of Groom

Grooming (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Groom

Groom (v. i.) To tend or care for, or to curry or clean, as a, horse.

Groomer (n.) One who, or that which, grooms horses; especially, a brush rotated by a flexible or jointed revolving shaft, for cleaning horses.

Groomsmen (pl. ) of Groomsman

Groomsman (n.) A male attendant of a bridegroom at his wedding; -- the correlative of bridesmaid.

Grooper (n.) See Grouper.

Groove (n.) A furrow, channel, or long hollow, such as may be formed by cutting, molding, grinding, the wearing force of flowing water, or constant travel; a depressed way; a worn path; a rut.

Groove (n.) Hence: The habitual course of life, work, or affairs; fixed routine.

Groove (n.) A shaft or excavation.

Grooved (imp. & p. p.) of Groove

Groving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Groove

Groove (v. t.) To cut a groove or channel in; to form into channels or grooves; to furrow.

Groover (n.) One who or that which grooves.

Groover (n.) A miner.

Grooving (n.) The act of forming a groove or grooves; a groove, or collection of grooves.

Groped (imp. & p. p.) of Grope

Groping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grope

Grope (v. i.) To feel with or use the hands; to handle.

Grope (v. i.) To search or attempt to find something in the dark, or, as a blind person, by feeling; to move about hesitatingly, as in darkness or obscurity; to feel one's way, as with the hands, when one can not see.

Grope (v. t.) To search out by feeling in the dark; as, we groped our way at midnight.

Grope (v. t.) To examine; to test; to sound.

Groper (n.) One who gropes; one who feels his way in the dark, or searches by feeling.

Groping-ly (adv.) In a groping manner.

Gros (n.) A heavy silk with a dull finish; as, gros de Naples; gros de Tours.

Grosbeak (n.) One of various species of finches having a large, stout beak. The common European grosbeak or hawfinch is Coccothraustes vulgaris.

Groschen (n.) A small silver coin and money of account of Germany, worth about two cents. It is not included in the new monetary system of the empire.

Grosgrain (a.) Of a coarse texture; -- applied to silk with a heavy thread running crosswise.

Gross (superl.) Great; large; bulky; fat; of huge size; excessively large.

Gross (superl.) Coarse; rough; not fine or delicate.

Gross (superl.) Not easily aroused or excited; not sensitive in perception or feeling; dull; witless.

Gross (superl.) Expressing, Or originating in, animal or sensual appetites; hence, coarse, vulgar, low, obscene, or impure.

Gross (superl.) Thick; dense; not attenuated; as, a gross medium.

Gross (superl.) Great; palpable; serious; vagrant; shameful; as, a gross mistake; gross injustice; gross negligence.

Gross (superl.) Whole; entire; total; without deduction; as, the gross sum, or gross amount, the gross weight; -- opposed to net.

Gross (a.) The main body; the chief part, bulk, or mass.

Gross (sing. & pl.) The number of twelve dozen; twelve times twelve; as, a gross of bottles; ten gross of pens.

Grossbeak (n.) See Grosbeak.

Gross-headed (a.) Thick-skulled; stupid.

Grossification (n.) The act of making gross or thick, or the state of becoming so.

Grossification (n.) The swelling of the ovary of plants after fertilization. Henslow.

Grossly (adv.) In a gross manner; greatly; coarsely; without delicacy; shamefully; disgracefully.

Grossness (n.) The state or quality of being gross; thickness; corpulence; coarseness; shamefulness.

Grossular (a.) Pertaining too, or resembling, a gooseberry; as, grossular garnet.

Grossular (a.) A translucent garnet of a pale green color like that of the gooseberry; -- called also grossularite.

Grossularia (n.) Same as Grossular.

Grossulin (n.) A vegetable jelly, resembling pectin, found in gooseberries (Ribes Grossularia) and other fruits.

Grot (n.) A grotto.

Grot (n.) Alt. of Grote

Grote (n.) A groat.

Grotesgue (a.) Like the figures found in ancient grottoes; grottolike; wildly or strangely formed; whimsical; extravagant; of irregular forms and proportions; fantastic; ludicrous; antic.

Grotesque (n.) A whimsical figure, or scene, such as is found in old crypts and grottoes.

Grotesque (n.) Artificial grotto-work.

Grotesquely (adv.) In a grotesque manner.

Grotesqueness (n.) Quality of being grotesque.

Grottoes (pl. ) of Grotto

Grotto (n.) A natural covered opening in the earth; a cave; also, an artificial recess, cave, or cavernlike apartment.

Grotto-work (n.) Artificial and ornamental rockwork in imitation of a grotto.

Ground (n.) The surface of the earth; the outer crust of the globe, or some indefinite portion of it.

Ground (n.) A floor or pavement supposed to rest upon the earth.

Ground (n.) Any definite portion of the earth's surface; region; territory; country. Hence: A territory appropriated to, or resorted to, for a particular purpose; the field or place of action; as, a hunting or fishing ground; a play ground.

Ground (n.) Land; estate; possession; field; esp. (pl.), the gardens, lawns, fields, etc., belonging to a homestead; as, the grounds of the estate are well kept.

Ground (n.) The basis on which anything rests; foundation. Hence: The foundation of knowledge, belief, or conviction; a premise, reason, or datum; ultimate or first principle; cause of existence or occurrence; originating force or agency; as, the ground of my hope.

Ground (n.) That surface upon which the figures of a composition are set, and which relieves them by its plainness, being either of one tint or of tints but slightly contrasted with one another; as, crimson Bowers on a white ground.

Ground (n.) In sculpture, a flat surface upon which figures are raised in relief.

Ground (n.) In point lace, the net of small meshes upon which the embroidered pattern is applied; as, Brussels ground. See Brussels lace, under Brussels.

Ground (n.) A gummy composition spread over the surface of a metal to be etched, to prevent the acid from eating except where an opening is made by the needle.

Ground (n.) One of the pieces of wood, flush with the plastering, to which moldings, etc., are attached; -- usually in the plural.

Ground (n.) A composition in which the bass, consisting of a few bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to a varying melody.

Ground (n.) The tune on which descants are raised; the plain song.

Ground (n.) A conducting connection with the earth, whereby the earth is made part of an electrical circuit.

Ground (n.) Sediment at the bottom of liquors or liquids; dregs; lees; feces; as, coffee grounds.

Ground (n.) The pit of a theater.

Grounded (imp. & p. p.) of Ground

Grounding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ground

Ground (v. t.) To lay, set, or run, on the ground.

Ground (v. t.) To found; to fix or set, as on a foundation, reason, or principle; to furnish a ground for; to fix firmly.

Ground (v. t.) To instruct in elements or first principles.

Ground (v. t.) To connect with the ground so as to make the earth a part of an electrical circuit.

Ground (v. t.) To cover with a ground, as a copper plate for etching (see Ground, n., 5); or as paper or other materials with a uniform tint as a preparation for ornament.

Ground (v. i.) To run aground; to strike the bottom and remain fixed; as, the ship grounded on the bar.

Ground () imp. & p. p. of Grind.

Groundage (n.) A local tax paid by a ship for the ground or space it occupies while in port.

Groundedly (adv.) In a grounded or firmly established manner.

Grounden () p. p. of Grind.

Grounding (n.) The act, method, or process of laying a groundwork or foundation; hence, elementary instruction; the act or process of applying a ground, as of color, to wall paper, cotton cloth, etc.; a basis.

Groundless (a.) Without ground or foundation; wanting cause or reason for support; not authorized; false; as, groundless fear; a groundless report or assertion.

Groundling (n.) A fish that keeps at the bottom of the water, as the loach.

Groundling (n.) A spectator in the pit of a theater, which formerly was on the ground, and without floor or benches.

Groundly (adv.) Solidly; deeply; thoroughly.

Groundnut (n.) The fruit of the Arachis hypogaea (native country uncertain); the peanut; the earthnut.

Groundnut (n.) A leguminous, twining plant (Apios tuberosa), producing clusters of dark purple flowers and having a root tuberous and pleasant to the taste.

Groundnut (n.) The dwarf ginseng (Aralia trifolia).

Groundnut (n.) A European plant of the genus Bunium (B. flexuosum), having an edible root of a globular shape and sweet, aromatic taste; -- called also earthnut, earth chestnut, hawknut, and pignut.

Groundsel (v.) An annual composite plant (Senecio vulgaris), one of the most common and widely distributed weeds on the globe.

Groundsel (n.) Alt. of Groundsill

Groundsill (n.) See Ground plate (a), under Ground

Groundwork (n.) That which forms the foundation or support of anything; the basis; the essential or fundamental part; first principle.

Group (n.) A cluster, crowd, or throng; an assemblage, either of persons or things, collected without any regular form or arrangement; as, a group of men or of trees; a group of isles.

Group (n.) An assemblage of objects in a certain order or relation, or having some resemblance or common characteristic; as, groups of strata.

Group (n.) A variously limited assemblage of animals or plants, having some resemblance, or common characteristics in form or structure. The term has different uses, and may be made to include certain species of a genus, or a whole genus, or certain genera, or even several orders.

Group (n.) A number of eighth, sixteenth, etc., notes joined at the stems; -- sometimes rather indefinitely applied to any ornament made up of a few short notes.

Grouped (imp. & p. p.) of Group

Grouping (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Group

Group (n.) To form a group of; to arrange or combine in a group or in groups, often with reference to mutual relation and the best effect; to form an assemblage of.

Grouper (n.) One of several species of valuable food fishes of the genus Epinephelus, of the family Serranidae, as the red grouper, or brown snapper (E. morio), and the black grouper, or warsaw (E. nigritus), both from Florida and the Gulf of Mexico.

Grouper (n.) The tripletail (Lobotes).

Grouper (n.) In California, the name is often applied to the rockfishes.

Grouping (n.) The disposal or relative arrangement of figures or objects, as in, drawing, painting, and sculpture, or in ornamental design.

Grouse (n. sing. & pl.) Any of the numerous species of gallinaceous birds of the family Tetraonidae, and subfamily Tetraoninae, inhabiting Europe, Asia, and North America. They have plump bodies, strong, well-feathered legs, and usually mottled plumage. The group includes the ptarmigans (Lagopus), having feathered feet.

Grouse (v. i.) To seek or shoot grouse.

Grouse (v. i.) To complain or grumble.

Grouser (n.) A pointed timber attached to a boat and sliding vertically, to thrust into the ground as a means of anchorage.

Grout (n.) Coarse meal; ground malt; pl. groats.

Grout (n.) Formerly, a kind of beer or ale.

Grout (n.) Lees; dregs; grounds.

Grout (n.) A thin, coarse mortar, used for pouring into the joints of masonry and brickwork; also, a finer material, used in finishing the best ceilings. Gwilt.

Grouted (imp. & p. p.) of Grout

Grouting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grout

Grout (v. t.) To fill up or finish with grout, as the joints between stones.

Grouthead (n.) See Growthead.

Grouting (n.) The process of filling in or finishing with grout; also, the grout thus filled in.

Groutnol (n.) Same as Growthead.

Grouty (a.) Cross; sulky; sullen.

Grove (v.) A smaller group of trees than a forest, and without underwood, planted, or growing naturally as if arranged by art; a wood of small extent.

Groveled (imp. & p. p.) of Grovel

Grovelled () of Grovel

Groveling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grovel

Grovelling () of Grovel

Grovel (adv.) To creep on the earth, or with the face to the ground; to lie prone, or move uneasily with the body prostrate on the earth; to lie fiat on one's belly, expressive of abjectness; to crawl.

Grovel (adv.) To tend toward, or delight in, what is sensual or base; to be low, abject, or mean.

Groveler (n.) One who grovels; an abject wretch.

Groveling (a.) Lying prone; low; debased.

Grovy (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a grove; situated in, or frequenting, groves.

Grew (imp.) of Grow

Grown (p. p.) of Grow

Growing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grow

Grow (v. i.) To increase in size by a natural and organic process; to increase in bulk by the gradual assimilation of new matter into the living organism; -- said of animals and vegetables and their organs.

Grow (v. i.) To increase in any way; to become larger and stronger; to be augmented; to advance; to extend; to wax; to accrue.

Grow (v. i.) To spring up and come to matturity in a natural way; to be produced by vegetation; to thrive; to flourish; as, rice grows in warm countries.

Grow (v. i.) To pass from one state to another; to result as an effect from a cause; to become; as, to grow pale.

Grow (v. i.) To become attached of fixed; to adhere.

Grow (v. t.) To cause to grow; to cultivate; to produce; as, to grow a crop; to grow wheat, hops, or tobacco.

Growable (a.) Capable of growth.

Growan (n.) A decomposed granite, forming a mass of gravel, as in tin lodes in Cornwall.

Grower (n.) One who grows or produces; as, a grower of corn; also, that which grows or increases; as, a vine may be a rank or a slow grower.

Growled (imp. & p. p.) of Growl

Growling (p. pr. & vb. e.) of Growl

Growl (v. i.) To utter a deep guttural sound, sa an angry dog; to give forth an angry, grumbling sound.

Growl (v. t.) To express by growling.

Growl (n.) The deep, threatening sound made by a surly dog; a grumbling sound.

Growler (n.) One who growls.

Growler (n.) The large-mouthed black bass.

Growler (n.) A four-wheeled cab.

Growlingly (adv.) In a growling manner.

Grown () p. p. of Grow.

Growse (v. i.) To shiver; to have chills.

Growth (n.) The process of growing; the gradual increase of an animal or a vegetable body; the development from a seed, germ, or root, to full size or maturity; increase in size, number, frequency, strength, etc.; augmentation; advancement; production; prevalence or influence; as, the growth of trade; the growth of power; the growth of intemperance. Idle weeds are fast in growth.

Growth (n.) That which has grown or is growing; anything produced; product; consequence; effect; result.

Growthead (n.) A lazy person; a blockhead.

Growthful (a.) Having capacity of growth.

Groyne (n.) See Groin.

Grozing iron () A tool with a hardened steel point, formerly used instead of a diamond for cutting glass.

Grozing iron () A tool for smoothing the solder joints of lead pipe.

Grubbed (imp. & p. p.) of Grub

Grubbing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grub

Grub (v. i.) To dig in or under the ground, generally for an object that is difficult to reach or extricate; to be occupied in digging.

Grub (v. i.) To drudge; to do menial work.

Grub (v. t.) To dig; to dig up by the roots; to root out by digging; -- followed by up; as, to grub up trees, rushes, or sedge.

Grub (v. t.) To supply with food.

Grub (n.) The larva of an insect, especially of a beetle; -- called also grubworm. See Illust. of Goldsmith beetle, under Goldsmith.

Grub (n.) A short, thick man; a dwarf.

Grub (n.) Victuals; food.

Grubber (n.) One who, or that which, grubs; especially, a machine or tool of the nature of a grub ax, grub hook, etc.

Grubbla (v. t. & i.) To feel or grope in the dark.

Grubby (a.) Dirty; unclean.

Grubby (n.) Any species of Cottus; a sculpin.

Grubworm (n.) See Grub, n., 1.

Grucche (v. i.) To murmur; to grumble.

Grudger (imp. & p. p.) of Grudge

Grudging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grudge

Grudge (v. t.) To look upon with desire to possess or to appropriate; to envy (one) the possession of; to begrudge; to covet; to give with reluctance; to desire to get back again; -- followed by the direct object only, or by both the direct and indirect objects.

Grudge (v. t.) To hold or harbor with malicioua disposition or purpose; to cherish enviously.

Grudge (v. i.) To be covetous or envious; to show discontent; to murmur; to complain; to repine; to be unwilling or reluctant.

Grudge (v. i.) To feel compunction or grief.

Grudge (n.) Sullen malice or malevolence; cherished malice, enmity, or dislike; ill will; an old cause of hatred or quarrel.

Grudge (n.) Slight symptom of disease.

Grudgeful (a.) Full of grudge; envious.

Grudgeons (n. pl.) Alt. of Gurgeons

Gurgeons (n. pl.) Coarse meal.

Gruddger (n.) One who grudges.

Grudgingly (adv.) In a grudging manner.

Grudgingness (n.) The state or quality of grudging, or of being full of grudge or unwillingness.

Gruel (n.) A light, liquid food, made by boiling meal of maize, oatmeal, or fiour in water or milk; thin porridge.

Gruelly (a.) Like gruel; of the consistence of gruel.

Gruesome (a.) Same as Grewsome.

Gruf (adv.) Forwards; with one's face to the ground.

Gruff (superl.) Of a rough or stern manner, voice, or countenance; sour; surly; severe; harsh.

Grugru palm () A West Indian name for several kinds of palm. See Macaw tree, under Macaw.

Grugru worm () The larva or grub of a large South American beetle (Calandra palmarum), which lives in the pith of palm trees and sugar cane. It is eaten by the natives, and esteemed a delicacy.

Grum (a.) Morose; severe of countenance; sour; surly; glum; grim.

Grum (a.) Low; deep in the throat; guttural; rumbling; as,

Grunbled (imp. & p. p.) of Grumble

Grumbling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grumble

Grumble (v. i.) To murmur or mutter with discontent; to make ill-natured complaints in a low voice and a surly manner.

Grumble (v. i.) To growl; to snarl in deep tones; as, a lion grumbling over his prey.

Grumble (v. i.) To rumble; to make a low, harsh, and heavy sound; to mutter; as, the distant thunder grumbles.

Grumble (v. t.) To express or utter with grumbling.

Grumble (n.) The noise of one that grumbles.

Grumble (n.) A grumbling, discontented disposition.

Grumbler (n.) One who grumbles.

Grumblingly (adv.) In a grumbling manner.

Grume (n.) A thick, viscid fluid; a clot, as of blood.

Grumbly (adv.) In a grum manner.

Grumose (a.) Clustered in grains at intervals; grumous.

Grumous (a.) Resembling or containing grume; thick; concreted; clotted; as, grumous blood.

Grumous (a.) See Grumose.

Grumousness (n.) The state of being grumous.

Grumpily (adv.) In a surly manner; sullenly.

Grumpy (a.) Surly; dissatisfied; grouty.

Grundel (n.) A groundling (fish).

Grundsel (n.) Groundsel.

Grunted (imp. & p. p.) of Grunt

Grunting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Grunt

Grunt (v. t.) To make a deep, short noise, as a hog; to utter a short groan or a deep guttural sound.

Grunt (n.) A deep, guttural sound, as of a hog.

Grunt (n.) Any one of several species of American food fishes, of the genus Haemulon, allied to the snappers, as, the black grunt (A. Plumieri), and the redmouth grunt (H. aurolineatus), of the Southern United States; -- also applied to allied species of the genera Pomadasys, Orthopristis, and Pristopoma. Called also pigfish, squirrel fish, and grunter; -- so called from the noise it makes when taken.

Grunter (n.) One who, or that which, grunts; specifically, a hog.

Grunter (n.) One of several American marine fishes. See Sea robin, and Grunt, n., 2.

Grunter (n.) A hook used in lifting a crucible.

Gruntingly (adv.) In a grunting manner.

Gruntle (v. i.) To grunt; to grunt repeatedly.

Gruntling (n.) A young hog.

Grutch (v.) See Grudge.

Gruyere cheese () A kind of cheese made at Gruyere, Switzerland. It is a firm cheese containing numerous cells, and is known in the United States as Schweitzerkase.

Gry (n.) A measure equal to one tenth of a line.

Gry (n.) Anything very small, or of little value.

Gryde (v. i.) To gride. See Gride.

Gryfon (n.) See Griffin.

Gryllus (n.) A genus of insects including the common crickets.

Grype (v. t.) To gripe.

Grype (n.) A vulture; the griffin.

Gryphaea (n.) A genus of cretaceous fossil shells allied to the oyster.

Gryphite (n.) A shell of the genus Gryphea.

Gryphon (n.) The griffin vulture.

Grysbok (n.) A small South African antelope (Neotragus melanotis). It is speckled with gray and chestnut, above; the under parts are reddish fawn.

Ir- () A form of the prefix in-. See In-.

Iracund (a.) Irascible; choleric.

Irade (n.) A decree of the Sultan.

Iran (n.) The native name of Persia.

Iranian (a.) Of or pertaining to Iran.

Iranian (n.) A native of Iran; also, the Iranian or Persian language, a division of the Aryan family of languages.

Iranic (a.) Iranian.

Irascibility (n.) The quality or state of being irascible; irritability of temper; irascibleness.

Irascible (a.) Prone to anger; easily provoked or inflamed to anger; choleric; irritable; as, an irascible man; an irascible temper or mood.

Irate (a.) Angry; incensed; enraged.

Ire (n.) Anger; wrath.

Ireful (a.) Full of ire; angry; wroth.

Irefulness (n.) Wrathfulness.

Irenarch (n.) An officer in the Greek empire having functions corresponding to those of a justice of the peace.

Irenic (a.) Alt. of Irenical

Irenical (a.) Fitted or designed to promote peace; pacific; conciliatory; peaceful.

Irenicon (n.) A proposition or device for securing peace, especially in the church.

Irenics (n.) That branch of Christian science which treats of the methods of securing unity among Christians or harmony and union among the churches; -- called also Irenical theology.

Irestone (n.) Any very hard rock.

Irian (a.) Of or pertaining to the iris.

Iricism (n.) Irishism.

Iridaceous (a.) Alt. of Irideous

Irideous (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a large natural order of endogenous plants (Iridaceae), which includes the genera Iris, Ixia, Crocus, Gladiolus, and many others.

Iridal (a.) Of or pertaining to the iris or rainbow; prismatic; as, the iridal colors.

Iridectomy (n.) The act or process of cutting out a portion of the iris in order to form an artificial pupil.

Iridescence (n.) Exhibition of colors like those of the rainbow; the quality or state of being iridescent; a prismatic play of color; as, the iridescence of mother-of-pearl.

Iridescent (a.) Having colors like the rainbow; exhibiting a play of changeable colors; nacreous; prismatic; as, iridescent glass.

Iridian (a.) Of or pertaining to the iris or rainbow.

Iridiated (a.) Iridescent.

Iridic (a.) Of or pertaining to the iris of the eye.

Iridic (a.) Of or pertaining to iridium; -- said specifically of those compounds in which iridium has a relatively high valence.

Iridioscope (n.) A kind of ophthalmoscope.

Iridious (a.) Of or pertaining to iridium; -- applied specifically to compounds in which iridium has a low valence.

Iridium (n.) A rare metallic element, of the same group as platinum, which it much resembles, being silver-white, but harder, and brittle, and indifferent to most corrosive agents. With the exception of osmium, it is the heaviest substance known, its specific gravity being 22.4. Symbol Ir. Atomic weight 192.5.

Iridized (imp. & p. p.) of Iridize

Iridizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Iridize

Iridize (v. t.) To point or tip with iridium, as a gold pen.

Iridize (v. t.) To make iridescent; as, to iridize glass.

Iridoline (n.) A nitrogenous base C10H9N, extracted from coal-tar naphtha, as an oily liquid. It is a member of the quinoline series, and is probably identical with lepidine.

Iridosmine (n.) Alt. of Iridosmium

Iridosmium (n.) The native compound of iridium and osmium. It is found in flattened metallic grains of extreme hardness, and is often used for pointing gold pens.

Irises (pl. ) of Iris

Irides (pl. ) of Iris

Iris (n.) The goddess of the rainbow, and swift-footed messenger of the gods.

Iris (n.) The rainbow.

Iris (n.) An appearance resembling the rainbow; a prismatic play of colors.

Iris (n.) The contractile membrane perforated by the pupil, and forming the colored portion of the eye. See Eye.

Iris (n.) A genus of plants having showy flowers and bulbous or tuberous roots, of which the flower-de-luce (fleur-de-lis), orris, and other species of flag are examples. See Illust. of Flower-de-luce.

Iris (n.) See Fleur-de-lis, 2.

Irisated (a.) Exhibiting the prismatic colors; irised; iridescent.

Iriscope (n.) A philosophical toy for exhibiting the prismatic tints by means of thin films.

Irised (a.) Having colors like those of the rainbow; iridescent.

Irish (a.) Of or pertaining to Ireland or to its inhabitants; produced in Ireland.

Irish (n. sing. & pl.) The natives or inhabitants of Ireland, esp. the Celtic natives or their descendants.

Irish (n. sing. & pl.) The language of the Irish; the Hiberno-Celtic.

Irish (n. sing. & pl.) An old game resembling backgammon.

Irishism (n.) A mode of speaking peculiar to the Irish; an Hibernicism.

Irishmen (pl. ) of Irishman

Irishman (n.) A man born in Ireland or of the Irish race; an Hibernian.

Irishry (n.) The Celtic people of Ireland.

Iritis (n.) An inflammation of the iris of the eye.

Irk (v. t.) To weary; to give pain; to annoy; -- used only impersonally at present.

Irksome (a.) Wearisome; tedious; disagreeable or troublesome by reason of long continuance or repetition; as, irksome hours; irksome tasks.

Irksome (a.) Weary; vexed; uneasy.

Iron (n.) The most common and most useful metallic element, being of almost universal occurrence, usually in the form of an oxide (as hematite, magnetite, etc.), or a hydrous oxide (as limonite, turgite, etc.). It is reduced on an enormous scale in three principal forms; viz., cast iron, steel, and wrought iron. Iron usually appears dark brown, from oxidation or impurity, but when pure, or on a fresh surface, is a gray or white metal. It is easily oxidized (rusted) by moisture, and is attacked by many corrosive agents. Symbol Fe (Latin Ferrum). Atomic weight 55.9. Specific gravity, pure iron, 7.86; cast iron, 7.1. In magnetic properties, it is superior to all other substances.

Iron (n.) An instrument or utensil made of iron; -- chiefly in composition; as, a flatiron, a smoothing iron, etc.

Iron (n.) Fetters; chains; handcuffs; manacles.

Iron (n.) Strength; power; firmness; inflexibility; as, to rule with a rod of iron.

Iron (n.) Of, or made of iron; consisting of iron; as, an iron bar, dust.

Iron (n.) Resembling iron in color; as, iron blackness.

Iron (n.) Like iron in hardness, strength, impenetrability, power of endurance, insensibility, etc.;

Iron (n.) Rude; hard; harsh; severe.

Iron (n.) Firm; robust; enduring; as, an iron constitution.

Iron (n.) Inflexible; unrelenting; as, an iron will.

Iron (n.) Not to be broken; holding or binding fast; tenacious.

Ironed (imp. & p. p.) of Iron

Ironing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Iron

Iron (v. t.) To smooth with an instrument of iron; especially, to smooth, as cloth, with a heated flatiron; -- sometimes used with out.

Iron (v. t.) To shackle with irons; to fetter or handcuff.

Iron (v. t.) To furnish or arm with iron; as, to iron a wagon.

Ironbark tree () The Australian Eucalyptus Sideroxylon, used largely by carpenters and shipbuilders; -- called also ironwood.

Ironbound (a.) Bound as with iron; rugged; as, an ironbound coast.

Ironbound (a.) Rigid; unyielding; as, ironbound traditions.

Iron-cased (a.) Cased or covered with iron, as a vessel; ironclad.

Ironclad (a.) Clad in iron; protected or covered with iron, as a vessel for naval warfare.

Ironclad (a.) Rigorous; severe; exacting; as, an ironclad oath or pledge.

Ironclad (n.) A naval vessel having the parts above water covered and protected by iron or steel usually in large plates closely joined and made sufficiently thick and strong to resist heavy shot.

Ironer (n.) One who, or that which, irons.

Iron-fisted (a.) Closefisted; stingy; mean.

Iron-gray (a.) Of a gray color, somewhat resembling that of iron freshly broken.

Iron-gray (n.) An iron-gray color; also, a horse of this color.

Ironheads (n.) A European composite herb (Centaurea nigra); -- so called from the resemblance of its knobbed head to an iron ball fixed on a long handle.

Iron-hearted (a.) Hard-hearted; unfeeling; cruel; as, an iron-hearted master.

Ironic (a.) Ironical.

Ironical (a.) Pertaining to irony; containing, expressing, or characterized by, irony; as, an ironical remark.

Ironical (a.) Addicted to the use of irony; given to irony.

Ironing (n.) The act or process of smoothing, as clothes, with hot flatirons.

Ironing (n.) The clothes ironed.

Ironish (a.) Resembling iron, as in taste.

Ironist (n.) One who uses irony.

Ironmaster (n.) A manufacturer of iron, or large dealer therein.

Ironmonger (n.) A dealer in iron or hardware.

Ironmongery (n.) Hardware; a general name for all articles made of iron.

Iron-sick (a.) Having the ironwork loose or corroded; -- said of a ship when her bolts and nails are so eaten with rust that she has become leaky.

Iron-sided (a.) Having iron sides, or very firm sides.

Ironsides (n. /) A cuirassier or cuirassiers; also, hardy veteran soldiers; -- applied specifically to Cromwell's cavalry.

Ironsmith (n.) A worker in iron; one who makes and repairs utensils of iron; a blacksmith.

Ironsmith (n.) An East Indian barbet (Megalaima faber), inhabiting the Island of Hainan. The name alludes to its note, which resembles the sounds made by a smith.

Ironstone (n.) A hard, earthy ore of iron.

Ironware (n.) Articles made of iron, as household utensils, tools, and the like.

Ironweed (n.) A tall weed with purplish flowers (Vernonia Noveboracensis). The name is also applied to other plants of the same genus.

Ironwood (n.) A tree unusually hard, strong, or heavy wood.

Ironwork (n.) Anything made of iron; -- a general name of such parts or pieces of a building, vessel, carriage, etc., as consist of iron.

Iron works () See under Iron, a.

Ironwort (n.) An herb of the Mint family (Sideritis), supposed to heal sword cuts; also, a species of Galeopsis.

Irony (a.) Made or consisting of iron; partaking of iron; iron; as, irony chains; irony particles.

Irony (a.) Resembling iron taste, hardness, or other physical property.

Irony (n.) Dissimulation; ignorance feigned for the purpose of confounding or provoking an antagonist.

Irony (n.) A sort of humor, ridicule, or light sarcasm, which adopts a mode of speech the meaning of which is contrary to the literal sense of the words.

Iroquois (n. sing. & pl.) A powerful and warlike confederacy of Indian tribes, formerly inhabiting Central New York and constituting most of the Five Nations. Also, any Indian of the Iroquois tribes.

Irous (a.) Irascible; passionate.

Irp (n.) Alt. of Irpe

Irpe (n.) A fantastic grimace or contortion of the body.

Irp (a.) Making irps.

Irradiance (n.) Alt. of Irradiancy

Irradiancy (n.) The act of irradiating; emission of rays of light.

Irradiancy (n.) That which irradiates or is irradiated; luster; splendor; irradiation; brilliancy.

Irradiant (a.) Irradiating or illuminating; as, the irradiant moon.

Irradiated (imp. & p. p.) of Irradiate

Irradiating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Irradiate

Irradiate (v. t.) To throw rays of light upon; to illuminate; to brighten; to adorn with luster.

Irradiate (v. t.) To enlighten intellectually; to illuminate; as, to irradiate the mind.

Irradiate (v. t.) To animate by heat or light.

Irradiate (v. t.) To radiate, shed, or diffuse.

Irradiate (v. i.) To emit rays; to shine.

Irradiate (a.) Illuminated; irradiated.

Irradiation (n.) Act of irradiating, or state of being irradiated.

Irradiation (n.) Illumination; irradiance; brilliancy.

Irradiation (n.) Fig.: Mental light or illumination.

Irradiation (n.) The apparent enlargement of a bright object seen upon a dark ground, due to the fact that the portions of the retina around the image are stimulated by the intense light; as when a dark spot on a white ground appears smaller, or a white spot on a dark ground larger, than it really is, esp. when a little out of focus.

Irradicate (v. t.) To root deeply.

Irrational (a.) Not rational; void of reason or understanding; as, brutes are irrational animals.

Irrational (a.) Not according to reason; absurd; foolish.

Irrational (a.) Not capable of being exactly expressed by an integral number, or by a vulgar fraction; surd; -- said especially of roots. See Surd.

Irrationality (n.) The quality or state of being irrational.

Irrationally (adv.) In an irrational manner.

Irrationalness (n.) Irrationality.

Irrebuttable (a.) Incapable of being rebutted.

Irreceptive (a.) Not receiving; incapable of receiving.

Irreclaimable (a.) Incapable of being reclaimed.

Irrecognition (n.) A failure to recognize; absence of recognition.

Irrecognizable (a.) Not recognizable.

Irreconcilability (n.) The quality or state of being irreconcilable; irreconcilableness.

Irreconcilable (a.) Not reconcilable; implacable; incompatible; inconsistent; disagreeing; as, irreconcilable enemies, statements.

Irreconcile (v. t.) To prevent from being reconciled; to alienate or disaffect.

Irreconcilement (n.) The state or quality of being unreconciled; disagreement.

Irreconciliation (n.) Want of reconciliation; disagreement.

Irrecordable (a.) Not fit or possible to be recorded.

Irrecoverable (a.) Not capable of being recovered, regained, or remedied; irreparable; as, an irrecoverable loss, debt, or injury.

Irrecuperable (a.) Irrecoverable.

Irrecured (a.) Incurable.

Irrecusable (a.) Not liable to exception or rejection.

Irredeemability (n.) The state or quality of being irredeemable; irredeemableness.

Irredeemable (a.) Not redeemable; that can not be redeemed; not payable in gold or silver, as a bond; -- used especially of such government notes, issued as currency, as are not convertible into coin at the pleasure of the holder.

Irreducibility (n.) The state or quality of being irreducible.

Irreducible (a.) Incapable of being reduced, or brought into a different state; incapable of restoration to its proper or normal condition; as, an irreducible hernia.

Irreducible (a.) Incapable of being reduced to a simpler form of expression; as, an irreducible formula.

Irreflection (n.) Want of reflection.

Irreflective (a.) Not reflective.

Irrefromable (a.) Incapable of being reformed; incorrigible.

Irrefragability (n.) The quality or state of being irrefragable; incapability of being refuted.

Irrefragable (a.) Not refragable; not to be gainsaid or denied; not to be refuted or overthrown; unanswerable; incontestable; undeniable; as, an irrefragable argument; irrefragable evidence.

Irrefrangibility (n.) The quality or state of being irrefrangible; irrefrangibleness.

Irrefrangible (a.) Not refrangible; that can not be refracted in passing from one medium to another.

Irrefutable (a.) Incapable of being refuted or disproved; indisputable.

Irregeneracy (n.) Unregeneracy.

Irregeneration (n.) An unregenerate state.

Irregular (a.) Not regular; not conforming to a law, method, or usage recognized as the general rule; not according to common form; not conformable to nature, to the rules of moral rectitude, or to established principles; not normal; unnatural; immethodical; unsymmetrical; erratic; no straight; not uniform; as, an irregular line; an irregular figure; an irregular verse; an irregular physician; an irregular proceeding; irregular motion; irregular conduct, etc. Cf. Regular.

Irregular (n.) One who is not regular; especially, a soldier not in regular service.

Irregularist (n.) One who is irregular.

Irregularities (pl. ) of Irregularity

Irregularity (n.) The state or quality of being irregular; that which is irregular.

Irregularly (adv.) In an irregular manner.

Irregulate (v. t.) To make irregular; to disorder.

Irregulous (a.) Lawless.

Irrejectable (a.) That can not be rejected; irresistible.

Irrelapsable (a.) Not liable to relapse; secure.

Irrelate (a.) Irrelative; unconnected.

Irrelation (n.) The quality or state of being irrelative; want of connection or relation.

Irrelative (a.) Not relative; without mutual relations; unconnected.

Irrelavance (n.) Irrelevancy.

Irrelavancy (n.) The quality or state of being irrelevant; as, the irrelevancy of an argument.

Irrelavant (a.) Not relevant; not applicable or pertinent; not bearing upon or serving to support; foreign; extraneous; as, testimony or arguments irrelevant to a case.

Irrelievable (a.) Not admitting relief; incurable; hopeless.

Irreligion (n.) The state of being irreligious; want of religion; impiety.

Irreligionist (n.) One who is irreligious.

Irreligious (a.) Destitute of religion; not controlled by religious motives or principles; ungodly. Cf. Impious.

Irreligious (a.) Indicating a want of religion; profane; wicked; as, irreligious speech.

Irreligiously (adv.) In an irreligious manner.

Irreligiousness (n.) The state or quality of being irreligious; ungodliness.

Irremeable (a.) Admitting no return; as, an irremeable way.

Irremediable (a.) Not to be remedied, corrected, or redressed; incurable; as, an irremediable disease or evil.

Irremediableness (n.) The state or quality of being irremediable.

Irremediably (adv.) In a manner, or to a degree, that precludes remedy, cure, or correction.

Irremissible (a.) Not remissible; unpardonable; as, irremissible crimes.

Irremission (n.) Refusal of pardon.

Irremissive (a.) Not remitting; unforgiving.

Irremittable (a.) Not capable of being remitted; irremissible.

Irremobability (n.) The quality or state of being irremovable; immovableness.

Irremovable (a.) Not removable; immovable; inflexible.

Irremoval (n.) Absence of removal.

Irremunerable (a.) Not remunerable; not capable of remuneration.

Irrenowned (a.) Not renowned.

Irreparability (n.) The quality or state of being irreparable; irreparableness.

Irreparable (a.) Not reparable; not capable of being repaired, recovered, regained, or remedied; irretrievable; irremediable; as, an irreparable breach; an irreparable loss.

Irreparableness (n.) Quality of being irreparable.

Irreparably (adv.) In an irreparable manner.

Irrepealability (n.) The quality or state of being irrepealable.

Irrepealable (a.) Not repealable; not capable of being repealed or revoked, as a law.

Irrepentance (n.) Want of repentance; impenitence.

Irrepleviable (a.) Alt. of Irreplevisable

Irreplevisable (a.) Not capable of being replevied.

Irreprehensible (a.) Not reprehensible; blameless; innocent.

Irrepresentable (a.) Not capable of being represented or portrayed.

Irrepressible (a.) Not capable of being repressed, restrained, or controlled; as, irrepressible joy; an irrepressible conflict.

Irrepressibly (adv.) In a manner or to a degree that can not be repressed.

Irreproachable (a.) Not reproachable; above reproach; not deserving reproach; blameless.

Irreproachableness (n.) The quality or state of being irreproachable; integrity; innocence.

Irreproachably (adv.) In an irreproachable manner; blamelessly.

Irreprovable (a.) Incapable of being justly reproved; irreproachable; blameless; upright.

Irreptitious (a.) Surreptitious; spurious.

Irreputable (a.) Disreputable.

Irresilient (a.) Not resilient; not recoiling or rebounding; inelastic.

Irresistance (n.) Nonresistance; passive submission.

Irresistibility (n.) The quality or state of being irrestible, irresistibleness.

Irresistible (a.) That can not be successfully resisted or opposed; superior to opposition; resistless; overpowering; as, an irresistible attraction.

Irresistibleness (n.) Quality of being irrestible.

Irresistibly (adv.) In an irrestible manner.

Irresistless (a.) Irresistible.

Irresoluble (a.) Incapable of being dissolved or resolved into parts; insoluble.

Irresoluble (a.) Incapable of being relieved or assisted.

Irresolubleness (n.) The state or quality of being irresoluble; insolubility.

Irresolute (a.) Not resolute; not decided or determined; wavering; given to doubt or irresolution.

Irresolution (n.) Want of resolution; want of decision in purpose; a fluctuation of mind, as in doubt, or between hope and fear; irresoluteness; indecision; vacillation.

Irresolvability (n.) The quality of being irresolvable; irresolvableness.

Irresolvable (a.) Incapable of being resolved; not separable into component parts.

Irresolvableness (n.) The quality or state of being irresolvable; irresolvability.

Irresolvedly (adv.) Without settled determination; in a hesitating manner; doubtfully.

Irrespective (a.) Without regard for conditions, circumstances, or consequences; unbiased; independent; impartial; as, an irrespective judgment.

Irrespective (a.) Disrespectful.

Irrespectively (adv.) Without regard to conditions; not making circumstances into consideration.

Irrespirable (a.) Unfit for respiration; not having the qualities necessary to support animal life; as, irrespirable air.

Irresponsibility (n.) Want of, or freedom from, responsibility or accountability.

Irresponsible (a.) Nor responsible; not liable or able to answer fro consequences; innocent.

Irresponsible (a.) Not to be trusted; unreliable.

Irresponsibly (adv.) So as not to be responsible.

Irresponsive (a.) Not responsive; not able, ready, or inclined to respond.

Irresuscitable (a.) Incapable of being resuscitated or revived.

Irretention (n.) Want of retaining power; forgetfulness.

Irretentive (a.) Not retentive; as, an irretentive memory.

Irretraceable (a.) Incapable of being retraced; not retraceable.

Irretractile (a.) Not retractile.

Irretractile (a.) Not tractile or ductile.

Irretrievable (a.) Not retrievable; irrecoverable; irreparable; as, an irretrievable loss.

Irretrievableness (n.) The state or quality of being irretrievable.

Irretrievably (adv.) In an irretrievable manner.

Irreturnable (a.) Not to be returned.

Irrevealable (a.) Incapable of being revealed.

Irreverence (n.) The state or quality of being irreverent; want of proper reverence; disregard of the authority and character of a superior.

Irreverend (a.) Irreverent.

Irreverent (a.) Not reverent; showing a want of reverence; expressive of a want of veneration; as, an irreverent babbler; an irreverent jest.

Irreverently (adv.) In an irreverent manner.

Irreversibility (n.) The state or quality of being irreversible; irreversibleness.

Irreversible (a.) Incapable of being reversed or turned about or back; incapable of being made to run backward; as, an irreversible engine.

Irreversible (a.) Incapable of being reversed, recalled, repealed, or annulled; as, an irreversible sentence or decree.

Irreversibleness (n.) The state or quality of being irreversible.

Irreversibly (adv.) In an irreversible manner.

Irrevocability (n.) The state or quality of being irrevocable; irrevocableness.

Irrevocable (a.) Incapable of being recalled or revoked; unchangeable; irreversible; unalterable; as, an irrevocable promise or decree; irrevocable fate.

Irrevokable (a.) Irrevocable.

Irrevoluble (a.) That has no finite period of revolution; not revolving.

Irrhetorical (a.) Not rethorical.

Irrigated (imp. & p. p.) of Irrigate

Irrigating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Irrigate

Irrigate (v. t.) To water; to wet; to moisten with running or dropping water; to bedew.

Irrigate (v. t.) To water, as land, by causing a stream to flow upon, over, or through it, as in artificial channels.

Irrigation (n.) The act or process of irrigating, or the state of being irrigated; especially, the operation of causing water to flow over lands, for nourishing plants.

Irriguous (a.) Watered; watery; moist; dewy.

Irriguous (a.) Gently penetrating or pervading.

Irrisible (a.) Not risible.

Irrision (n.) The act of laughing at another; derision.

Irritability (n.) The state or quality of being irritable; quick excitability; petulance; fretfulness; as, irritability of temper.

Irritability (n.) A natural susceptibility, characteristic of all living organisms, tissues, and cells, to the influence of certain stimuli, response being manifested in a variety of ways, -- as that quality in plants by which they exhibit motion under suitable stimulation; esp., the property which living muscle processes, of responding either to a direct stimulus of its substance, or to the stimulating influence of its nerve fibers, the response being indicated by a change of form, or contraction; contractility.

Irritability (n.) A condition of morbid excitability of an organ or part of the body; undue susceptibility to the influence of stimuli. See Irritation, n., 3.

Irritable (a.) Capable of being irriated.

Irritable (a.) Very susceptible of anger or passion; easily inflamed or exasperated; as, an irritable temper.

Irritable (a.) Endowed with irritability; susceptible of irritation; capable of being excited to action by the application of certain stimuli.

Irritable (a.) Susceptible of irritation; unduly sensitive to irritants or stimuli. See Irritation, n., 3.

Irritableness (n.) Irritability.

Irritably (adv.) In an irritable manner.

Irritancy (n.) The state or quality of being null and void; invalidity; forfeiture.

Irritancy (n.) The state o quality of being irritant or irritating.

Irritant (a.) Rendering null and void; conditionally invalidating.

Irritant (a.) Irritating; producing irritation or inflammation.

Irritant (n.) That which irritates or excites.

Irritant (n.) Any agent by which irritation is produced; as, a chemical irritant; a mechanical or electrical irritant.

Irritant (n.) A poison that produces inflammation.

Irritate (v. t.) To render null and void.

Irritated (imp. & p. p.) of Irritate

Irritating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Irritate

Irritate (v. t.) To increase the action or violence of; to heighten excitement in; to intensify; to stimulate.

Irritate (v. t.) To excite anger or displeasure in; to provoke; to tease; to exasperate; to annoy; to vex; as, the insolence of a tyrant irritates his subjects.

Irritate (v. t.) To produce irritation in; to stimulate; to cause to contract. See Irritation, n., 2.

Irritate (n.) To make morbidly excitable, or oversensitive; to fret; as, the skin is irritated by friction; to irritate a wound by a coarse bandage.

Irritate (a.) Excited; heightened.

Irritation (n.) The act of irritating, or exciting, or the state of being irritated; excitement; stimulation, usually of an undue and uncomfortable kind; especially, excitement of anger or passion; provocation; annoyance; anger.

Irritation (n.) The act of exciting, or the condition of being excited to action, by stimulation; -- as, the condition of an organ of sense, when its nerve is affected by some external body; esp., the act of exciting muscle fibers to contraction, by artificial stimulation; as, the irritation of a motor nerve by electricity; also, the condition of a muscle and nerve, under such stimulation.

Irritation (n.) A condition of morbid excitability or oversensitiveness of an organ or part of the body; a state in which the application of ordinary stimuli produces pain or excessive or vitiated action.

Irritative (a.) Serving to excite or irritate; irritating; as, an irritative agent.

Irritative (a.) Accompanied with, or produced by, increased action or irritation; as, an irritative fever.

Irritatory (a.) Exciting; producing irritation; irritating.

Irrorated (imp. & p. p.) of Irrorate

Irrorating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Irrorate

Irrorate (v. t.) To sprinkle or moisten with dew; to bedew.

Irrorate (a.) Covered with minute grains, appearing like fine sand.

Irroration (n.) The act of bedewing; the state of being moistened with dew.

Irrotational (a.) Not rotatory; passing from one point to another by a movement other than rotation; -- said of the movement of parts of a liquid or yielding mass.

Irrubrical (a.) Contrary to the rubric; not rubrical.

Irrugate (v. t.) To wrinkle.

Irrupted (a.) Broken with violence.

Irruption (n.) A bursting in; a sudden, violent rushing into a place; as, irruptions of the sea.

Irruption (n.) A sudden and violent inroad, or entrance of invaders; as, the irruptions of the Goths into Italy.

Irruptive (a.) Rushing in or upon.

Irvingite (n.) The common designation of one a sect founded by the Rev. Edward Irving (about 1830), who call themselves the Catholic Apostolic Church. They are highly ritualistic in worship, have an elaborate hierarchy of apostles, prophets, etc., and look for the speedy coming of Christ.

Kra (n.) A long-tailed ape (Macacus cynomolgus) of India and Sumatra. It is reddish olive, spotted with black, and has a black tail.

Kraal (n.) A collection of huts within a stockade; a village; sometimes, a single hut.

Kraal (n.) An inclosure into which are driven wild elephants which are to be tamed and educated.

Krait (n.) A very venomous snake of India (Bungarus coeruleus), allied to the cobra. Its upper parts are bluish or brownish black, often with narrow white streaks; the belly is whitish.

Kraken (n.) A fabulous Scandinavian sea monster, often represented as resembling an island, but sometimes as resembling an immense octopus.

Krakowiak (n.) A lively Polish dance. See Cracovienne.

Krameria (n.) A genus of spreading shrubs with many stems, from one species of which (K. triandra), found in Peru, rhatany root, used as a medicine, is obtained.

Krameric (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, Krameria (rhatany); as, krameric acid, usually called ratanhia-tannic acid.

Krang (n.) The carcass of a whale after the blubber has been removed.

Kranging hook () A hook for holding the blubber while cutting it away.

Kreatic (a.) See Creatic.

Kreatin (n.) See Creatin.

Kreatinin (n.) See Creatinin.

Kreel (n.) See Creel.

Kremlin (n.) The citadel of a town or city; especially, the citadel of Moscow, a large inclosure which contains imperial palaces, cathedrals, churches, an arsenal, etc.

Krems (n.) A variety of white lead. See Krems lead, under Lead, n.

Kreng (n.) See Krang.

Kreosote (n.) See Creosote.

Kreutzer (n.) A small copper coin formerly used in South Germany; also, a small Austrian copper coin.

Kriegsspiel (n.) A game of war, played for practice, on maps.

Kris (n.) A Malay dagger. See Creese.

Krishna (n.) The most popular of the Hindoo divinities, usually held to be the eighth incarnation of the god Vishnu.

Kritarchy (n.) The rule of the judges over Israel.

Krokidolite (n.) See Crocidolite.

Krone (n.) A coin of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, of the value of about twenty-eight cents. See Crown, n., 9.

Kroomen (pl. ) of Krooman

Krooman (n.) One of a negro tribe of Liberia and the adjacent coast, whose members are much employed on shipboard.

Kruller (n.) See Cruller.

Krummhorn (n.) Alt. of Krumhorn

Krumhorn (n.) A reed instrument of music of the cornet kind, now obsolete (see Cornet, 1, a.).

Krumhorn (a.) A reed stop in the organ; -- sometimes called cremona.

Krupp gun () A breech-loading steel cannon manufactured at the works of Friedrich Krupp, at Essen in Prussia. Guns of over eight-inch bore are made up of several concentric cylinders; those of a smaller size are forged solid.

Kryolite (n.) See Cryolite.

Mr. () The customary abbreviation of Mister in writing and printing. See Master, 4.

Mrs. () The customary abbreviation of Mistress when used as a title of courtesy, in writing and printing.

-or () A noun suffix denoting an act; a state or quality; as in error, fervor, pallor, candor, etc.

-or () A noun suffix denoting an agent or doer; as in auditor, one who hears; donor, one who gives; obligor, elevator. It is correlative to -ee. In general -or is appended to words of Latin, and -er to those of English, origin. See -er.

Or (conj.) A particle that marks an alternative; as, you may read or may write, -- that is, you may do one of the things at your pleasure, but not both. It corresponds to either. You may ride either to London or to Windsor. It often connects a series of words or propositions, presenting a choice of either; as, he may study law, or medicine, or divinity, or he may enter into trade.

Or (prep. & adv.) Ere; before; sooner than.

Or (n.) Yellow or gold color, -- represented in drawing or engraving by small dots.

Ora (n.) A money of account among the Anglo-Saxons, valued, in the Domesday Book, at twenty pence sterling.

Orabassu (n.) A South American monkey of the genus Callithrix, esp.

Orach (n.) Alt. of Orache

Orache (n.) A genus (Atriplex) of herbs or low shrubs of the Goosefoot family, most of them with a mealy surface.

Oracle (n.) The answer of a god, or some person reputed to be a god, to an inquiry respecting some affair or future event, as the success of an enterprise or battle.

Oracle (n.) Hence: The deity who was supposed to give the answer; also, the place where it was given.

Oracle (n.) The communications, revelations, or messages delivered by God to the prophets; also, the entire sacred Scriptures -- usually in the plural.

Oracle (n.) The sanctuary, or Most Holy place in the temple; also, the temple itself.

Oracle (n.) One who communicates a divine command; an angel; a prophet.

Oracle (n.) Any person reputed uncommonly wise; one whose decisions are regarded as of great authority; as, a literary oracle.

Oracle (n.) A wise sentence or decision of great authority.

Oracled (imp. & p. p.) of Oracle

Oracling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Oracle

Oracle (v. i.) To utter oracles.

Oracular (a.) Of or pertaining to an oracle; uttering oracles; forecasting the future; as, an oracular tongue.

Oracular (a.) Resembling an oracle in some way, as in solemnity, wisdom, authority, obscurity, ambiguity, dogmatism.

Oraculous (a.) Oracular; of the nature of an oracle.

Oragious (a.) Stormy.

Oraison (n.) See Orison.

Oral (a.) Uttered by the mouth, or in words; spoken, not written; verbal; as, oral traditions; oral testimony; oral law.

Oral (a.) Of or pertaining to the mouth; surrounding or lining the mouth; as, oral cilia or cirri.

Orally (adv.) In an oral manner.

Orally (adv.) By, with, or in, the mouth; as, to receive the sacrament orally.

Orang (n.) See Orang-outang.

Orange (n.) The fruit of a tree of the genus Citrus (C. Aurantium). It is usually round, and consists of pulpy carpels, commonly ten in number, inclosed in a leathery rind, which is easily separable, and is reddish yellow when ripe.

Orange (n.) The tree that bears oranges; the orange tree.

Orange (n.) The color of an orange; reddish yellow.

Orange (a.) Of or pertaining to an orange; of the color of an orange; reddish yellow; as, an orange ribbon.

Orangeade (n.) A drink made of orange juice and water, corresponding to lemonade; orange sherbet.

Orangeat (n.) Candied orange peel; also, orangeade.

Orangeism (n.) Attachment to the principles of the society of Orangemen; the tenets or practices of the Orangemen.

-men (pl. ) of Orangeman

Orangeman (n.) One of a secret society, organized in the north of Ireland in 1795, the professed objects of which are the defense of the regning sovereign of Great Britain, the support of the Protestant religion, the maintenance of the laws of the kingdom, etc.; -- so called in honor of William, Prince of Orange, who became William III. of England.

Orangeroot (n.) An American ranunculaceous plant (Hidrastis Canadensis), having a yellow tuberous root; -- also called yellowroot, golden seal, etc.

Orangery (n.) A place for raising oranges; a plantation of orange trees.

Orangetawny (a. & n.) Deep orange-yellow; dark yellow.

Orangite () An orange-yellow variety of the mineral thorite, found in Norway.

Orang-outang (n.) An arboreal anthropoid ape (Simia satyrus), which inhabits Borneo and Sumatra. Often called simply orang.

Orarian (a.) Of or pertaining to a coast.

Oration (n.) An elaborate discourse, delivered in public, treating an important subject in a formal and dignified manner; especially, a discourse having reference to some special occasion, as a funeral, an anniversary, a celebration, or the like; -- distinguished from an argument in court, a popular harangue, a sermon, a lecture, etc.; as, Webster's oration at Bunker Hill.

Oration (v. i.) To deliver an oration.

Orator (n.) A public speaker; one who delivers an oration; especially, one distinguished for his skill and power as a public speaker; one who is eloquent.

Orator (n.) In equity proceedings, one who prays for relief; a petitioner.

Orator (n.) A plaintiff, or complainant, in a bill in chancery.

Orator (n.) An officer who is the voice of the university upon all public occasions, who writes, reads, and records all letters of a public nature, presents, with an appropriate address, those persons on whom honorary degrees are to be conferred, and performs other like duties; -- called also public orator.

Oratorial (a.) Oratorical.

Oratorian (a.) Oratorical.

Oratorian (n.) See Fathers of the Oratory, under Oratory.

Oratorical (a.) Of or pertaining to an orator or to oratory; characterized by oratory; rhetorical; becoming to an orator; as, an oratorical triumph; an oratorical essay.

Oratorio (n.) A more or less dramatic text or poem, founded on some Scripture nerrative, or great divine event, elaborately set to music, in recitative, arias, grand choruses, etc., to be sung with an orchestral accompaniment, but without action, scenery, or costume, although the oratorio grew out of the Mysteries and the Miracle and Passion plays, which were acted.

Oratorio (n.) Performance or rendering of such a composition.

Oratorious (a.) Oratorical.

Oratorize (v. i.) To play the orator.

Oratories (pl. ) of Oratory

Oratory (n.) A place of orisons, or prayer; especially, a chapel or small room set apart for private devotions.

Oratory (n.) The art of an orator; the art of public speaking in an eloquent or effective manner; the exercise of rhetorical skill in oral discourse; eloquence.

Oratress (n.) A woman who makes public addresses.

Oratrix (n.) A woman plaintiff, or complainant, in equity pleading.

Orb (n.) A blank window or panel.

Orb (n.) A spherical body; a globe; especially, one of the celestial spheres; a sun, planet, or star.

Orb (n.) One of the azure transparent spheres conceived by the ancients to be inclosed one within another, and to carry the heavenly bodies in their revolutions.

Orb (n.) A circle; esp., a circle, or nearly circular orbit, described by the revolution of a heavenly body; an orbit.

Orb (n.) A period of time marked off by the revolution of a heavenly body.

Orb (n.) The eye, as luminous and spherical.

Orb (n.) A revolving circular body; a wheel.

Orb (n.) A sphere of action.

Orb (n.) Same as Mound, a ball or globe. See lst Mound.

Orb (n.) A body of soldiers drawn up in a circle, as for defense, esp. infantry to repel cavalry.

Orbed (imp. & p. p.) of Orb

Orbing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Orb

Orb (v. t.) To form into an orb or circle.

Orb (v. t.) To encircle; to surround; to inclose.

Orb (v. i.) To become round like an orb.

Orbate (a.) Bereaved; fatherless; childless.

Orbation (n.) The state of being orbate, or deprived of parents or children; privation, in general; bereavement.

Orbed (a.) Having the form of an orb; round.

Orbic (a.) Alt. of Orbical

Orbical (a.) Spherical; orbicular; orblike; circular.

Orbicle (n.) A small orb, or sphere.

Orbicula (n.) Same as Discina.

Orbicular (a.) Resembling or having the form of an orb; spherical; circular; orbiculate.

Orbiculate (n.) That which is orbiculate; especially, a solid the vertical section of which is oval, and the horizontal section circular.

Orbiculate (a.) Alt. of Orbiculated

Orbiculated (a.) Made, or being, in the form of an orb; having a circular, or nearly circular, or a spheroidal, outline.

Orbiculation (n.) The state or quality of being orbiculate; orbicularness.

Orbit (n.) The path described by a heavenly body in its periodical revolution around another body; as, the orbit of Jupiter, of the earth, of the moon.

Orbit (n.) An orb or ball.

Orbit (n.) The cavity or socket of the skull in which the eye and its appendages are situated.

Orbit (n.) The skin which surrounds the eye of a bird.

Orbital (a.) Of or pertaining to an orbit.

Orbitar (a.) Orbital.

Orbitary (a.) Situated around the orbit; as, the orbitary feathers of a bird.

Orbitelae (n. pl.) A division of spiders, including those that make geometrical webs, as the garden spider, or Epeira.

Orbitolites (n.) A genus of living Foraminifera, forming broad, thin, circular disks, containing numerous small chambers.

Orbitonasal (a.) Of or pertaining to the orbit and the nose; as, the orbitonasal, or ophthalmic, nerve.

Orbitosphenoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the sphenoid bone and the orbit, or to the orbitosphenoid bone.

Orbitosphenoid (n.) The orbitosphenoid bone, which is situated in the orbit on either side of the presphenoid. It generally forms a part of the sphenoid in the adult.

Orbitosphenoidal (a.) Of or pertaining to the orbitosphenoid bone; orbitosphenoid.

Orbituary (a.) Orbital.

Orbitude (n.) Alt. of Orbity

Orbity (n.) Orbation.

Orbulina (n.) A genus of minute living Foraminifera having a globular shell.

Orby (a.) Orblike; having the course of an orb; revolving.

Orc (n.) The grampus.

Orcadian (a.) Of or pertaining to the Orkney Islands.

Orcein (n.) A reddish brown amorphous dyestuff, /, obtained from orcin, and forming the essential coloring matter of cudbear and archil. It is closely related to litmus.

Orchal (n.) See Archil.

Orchanet (n.) Same as Alkanet, 2.

Orchard (n.) A garden.

Orchard (n.) An inclosure containing fruit trees; also, the fruit trees, collectively; -- used especially of apples, peaches, pears, cherries, plums, or the like, less frequently of nutbearing trees and of sugar maple trees.

Orcharding (n.) The cultivation of orchards.

Orcharding (n.) Orchards, in general.

Orchardist (n.) One who cultivates an orchard.

Orchel (n.) Archil.

Orchesography (n.) A treatise upon dancing.

Orchester (n.) See Orchestra.

Orchestian (n.) Any species of amphipod crustacean of the genus Orchestia, or family Orchestidae. See Beach flea, under Beach.

Orchestra (n.) The space in a theater between the stage and the audience; -- originally appropriated by the Greeks to the chorus and its evolutions, afterward by the Romans to persons of distinction, and by the moderns to a band of instrumental musicians.

Orchestra (n.) The place in any public hall appropriated to a band of instrumental musicians.

Orchestra (n.) Loosely: A band of instrumental musicians performing in a theater, concert hall, or other place of public amusement.

Orchestra (n.) Strictly: A band suitable for the performance of symphonies, overtures, etc., as well as for the accompaniment of operas, oratorios, cantatas, masses, and the like, or of vocal and instrumental solos.

Orchestra (n.) A band composed, for the largest part, of players of the various viol instruments, many of each kind, together with a proper complement of wind instruments of wood and brass; -- as distinguished from a military or street band of players on wind instruments, and from an assemblage of solo players for the rendering of concerted pieces, such as septets, octets, and the like.

Orchestra (n.) The instruments employed by a full band, collectively; as, an orchestra of forty stringed instruments, with proper complement of wind instruments.

Orchestral (a.) Of or pertaining to an orchestra; suitable for, or performed in or by, an orchestra.

Orchestration (n.) The arrangement of music for an orchestra; orchestral treatment of a composition; -- called also instrumentation.

Orchestre (n.) See Orchestra.

Orchestric (a.) Orchestral.

Orchestrion (n.) A large music box imitating a variety of orchestral instruments.

Orchid (n.) Any plant of the order Orchidaceae. See Orchidaceous.

Orchidaceous (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a natural order (Orchidaceae) of endogenous plants of which the genus Orchis is the type. They are mostly perennial herbs having the stamens and pistils united in a single column, and normally three petals and three sepals, all adherent to the ovary. The flowers are curiously shaped, often resembling insects, the odd or lower petal (called the lip) being unlike the others, and sometimes of a strange and unexpected appearance. About one hundred species occur in the United States, but several thousand in the tropics.

Orchidean (a.) Orchidaceous.

Orchideous (a.) Same as Orchidaceous.

Orchidologist (n.) One versed in orchidology.

Orchidology (n.) The branch of botany which treats of orchids.

Orchil (n.) See Archil.

Orchilla weed () The lichen from which archil is obtained. See Archil.

Orchises (pl. ) of Orchis

Orchis (n.) A genus of endogenous plants growing in the North Temperate zone, and consisting of about eighty species. They are perennial herbs growing from a tuber (beside which is usually found the last year's tuber also), and are valued for their showy flowers. See Orchidaceous.

Orchis (n.) Any plant of the same family with the orchis; an orchid.

Orchitis (n.) Inflammation of the testicles.

Orchotomy (n.) The operation of cutting out or removing a testicle by the knife; castration.

Orcin (n.) A colorless crystalline substance, C6H3.CH3.(OH)2, which is obtained from certain lichens (Roccella, Lecanora, etc.), also from extract of aloes, and artificially from certain derivatives of toluene. It changes readily into orcein.

Ord (n.) An edge or point; also, a beginning.

Ordained (imp. & p. p.) of Ordain

Ordaining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ordain

Ordain (v. t.) To set in order; to arrange according to rule; to regulate; to set; to establish.

Ordain (v. t.) To regulate, or establish, by appointment, decree, or law; to constitute; to decree; to appoint; to institute.

Ordain (v. t.) To set apart for an office; to appoint.

Ordain (v. t.) To invest with ministerial or sacerdotal functions; to introduce into the office of the Christian ministry, by the laying on of hands, or other forms; to set apart by the ceremony of ordination.

Ordainable (a.) Capable of being ordained; worthy to be ordained or appointed.

Ordainer (n.) One who ordains.

Ordainment (n.) Ordination.

Ordal (n.) Ordeal.

Ordalian (a.) Of or pertaining to trial by ordeal.

Ordeal (n.) An ancient form of test to determine guilt or innocence, by appealing to a supernatural decision, -- once common in Europe, and still practiced in the East and by savage tribes.

Ordeal (n.) Any severe trial, or test; a painful experience.

Ordeal (a.) Of or pertaining to trial by ordeal.

Order (n.) Regular arrangement; any methodical or established succession or harmonious relation; method; system

Order (n.) Of material things, like the books in a library.

Order (n.) Of intellectual notions or ideas, like the topics of a discource.

Order (n.) Of periods of time or occurrences, and the like.

Order (n.) Right arrangement; a normal, correct, or fit condition; as, the house is in order; the machinery is out of order.

Order (n.) The customary mode of procedure; established system, as in the conduct of debates or the transaction of business; usage; custom; fashion.

Order (n.) Conformity with law or decorum; freedom from disturbance; general tranquillity; public quiet; as, to preserve order in a community or an assembly.

Order (n.) That which prescribes a method of procedure; a rule or regulation made by competent authority; as, the rules and orders of the senate.

Order (n.) A command; a mandate; a precept; a direction.

Order (n.) Hence: A commission to purchase, sell, or supply goods; a direction, in writing, to pay money, to furnish supplies, to admit to a building, a place of entertainment, or the like; as, orders for blankets are large.

Order (n.) A number of things or persons arranged in a fixed or suitable place, or relative position; a rank; a row; a grade; especially, a rank or class in society; a group or division of men in the same social or other position; also, a distinct character, kind, or sort; as, the higher or lower orders of society; talent of a high order.

Order (n.) A body of persons having some common honorary distinction or rule of obligation; esp., a body of religious persons or aggregate of convents living under a common rule; as, the Order of the Bath; the Franciscan order.

Order (n.) An ecclesiastical grade or rank, as of deacon, priest, or bishop; the office of the Christian ministry; -- often used in the plural; as, to take orders, or to take holy orders, that is, to enter some grade of the ministry.

Order (n.) The disposition of a column and its component parts, and of the entablature resting upon it, in classical architecture; hence (as the column and entablature are the characteristic features of classical architecture) a style or manner of architectural designing.

Order (n.) An assemblage of genera having certain important characters in common; as, the Carnivora and Insectivora are orders of Mammalia.

Order (n.) The placing of words and members in a sentence in such a manner as to contribute to force and beauty or clearness of expression.

Order (n.) Rank; degree; thus, the order of a curve or surface is the same as the degree of its equation.

Ordered (imp. & p. p.) of Order

Ordering (p pr. & vb. n.) of Order

Order (n.) To put in order; to reduce to a methodical arrangement; to arrange in a series, or with reference to an end. Hence, to regulate; to dispose; to direct; to rule.

Order (n.) To give an order to; to command; as, to order troops to advance.

Order (n.) To give an order for; to secure by an order; as, to order a carriage; to order groceries.

Order (n.) To admit to holy orders; to ordain; to receive into the ranks of the ministry.

Order (v. i.) To give orders; to issue commands.

Orderable (a.) Capable of being ordered; tractable.

Orderer (n.) One who puts in order, arranges, methodizes, or regulates.

Orderer (n.) One who gives orders.

Ordering (n.) Disposition; distribution; management.

Orderless (a.) Being without order or regularity; disorderly; out of rule.

Orderliness (n.) The state or quality of being orderly.

Orderly (a.) Conformed to order; in order; regular; as, an orderly course or plan.

Orderly (a.) Observant of order, authority, or rule; hence, obedient; quiet; peaceable; not unruly; as, orderly children; an orderly community.

Orderly (a.) Performed in good or established order; well-regulated.

Orderly (a.) Being on duty; keeping order; conveying orders.

Orderly (adv.) According to due order; regularly; methodically; duly.

Orderlies (pl. ) of Orderly

Orderly (n.) A noncommissioned officer or soldier who attends a superior officer to carry his orders, or to render other service.

Orderly (n.) A street sweeper.

Ordinability (n.) Capability of being ordained or appointed.

Ordinable (a.) Capable of being ordained or appointed.

Ordinal (a.) Indicating order or succession; as, the ordinal numbers, first, second, third, etc.

Ordinal (a.) Of or pertaining to an order.

Ordinal (n.) A word or number denoting order or succession.

Ordinal (n.) The book of forms for making, ordaining, and consecrating bishops, priests, and deacons.

Ordinal (n.) A book containing the rubrics of the Mass.

Ordinalism (n.) The state or quality of being ordinal.

Ordinance (n.) Orderly arrangement; preparation; provision.

Ordinance (n.) A rule established by authority; a permanent rule of action; a statute, law, regulation, rescript, or accepted usage; an edict or decree; esp., a local law enacted by a municipal government; as, a municipal ordinance.

Ordinance (n.) An established rite or ceremony.

Ordinance (n.) Rank; order; station.

Ordinance (n.) Ordnance; cannon.

Ordinand (n.) One about to be ordained.

Ordinant (a.) Ordaining; decreeing.

Ordinant (n.) One who ordains.

Ordinarily (adv.) According to established rules or settled method; as a rule; commonly; usually; in most cases; as, a winter more than ordinarily severe.

Ordinary (a.) According to established order; methodical; settled; regular.

Ordinary (a.) Common; customary; usual.

Ordinary (a.) Of common rank, quality, or ability; not distinguished by superior excellence or beauty; hence, not distinguished in any way; commonplace; inferior; of little merit; as, men of ordinary judgment; an ordinary book.

Ordinaries (pl. ) of Ordinary

Ordinary (n.) An officer who has original jurisdiction in his own right, and not by deputation.

Ordinary (n.) One who has immediate jurisdiction in matters ecclesiastical; an ecclesiastical judge; also, a deputy of the bishop, or a clergyman appointed to perform divine service for condemned criminals and assist in preparing them for death.

Ordinary (n.) A judicial officer, having generally the powers of a judge of probate or a surrogate.

Ordinary (n.) The mass; the common run.

Ordinary (n.) That which is so common, or continued, as to be considered a settled establishment or institution.

Ordinary (n.) Anything which is in ordinary or common use.

Ordinary (n.) A dining room or eating house where a meal is prepared for all comers, at a fixed price for the meal, in distinction from one where each dish is separately charged; a table d'hote; hence, also, the meal furnished at such a dining room.

Ordinary (n.) A charge or bearing of simple form, one of nine or ten which are in constant use. The bend, chevron, chief, cross, fesse, pale, and saltire are uniformly admitted as ordinaries. Some authorities include bar, bend sinister, pile, and others. See Subordinary.

Ordinaryship (n.) The state of being an ordinary.

Ordinate (a.) Well-ordered; orderly; regular; methodical.

Ordinate (n.) The distance of any point in a curve or a straight line, measured on a line called the axis of ordinates or on a line parallel to it, from another line called the axis of abscissas, on which the corresponding abscissa of the point is measured.

Ordinate (v. t.) To appoint, to regulate; to harmonize.

Ordinately (adv.) In an ordinate manner; orderly.

Ordination (n.) The act of ordaining, appointing, or setting apart; the state of being ordained, appointed, etc.

Ordination (n.) The act of setting apart to an office in the Christian ministry; the conferring of holy orders.

Ordination (n.) Disposition; arrangement; order.

Ordinative (a.) Tending to ordain; directing; giving order.

Ordinator (n.) One who ordains or establishes; a director.

Ordnance (n.) Heavy weapons of warfare; cannon, or great guns, mortars, and howitzers; artillery; sometimes, a general term for all weapons and appliances used in war.

Ordonnance (n.) The disposition of the parts of any composition with regard to one another and the whole.

Ordonnant (a.) Of or pertaining to ordonnance.

Ordovian (a. & n.) Ordovician.

Ordovician (a.) Of or pertaining to a division of the Silurian formation, corresponding in general to the Lower Silurian of most authors, exclusive of the Cambrian.

Ordovician (n.) The Ordovician formation.

Ordure (n.) Dung; excrement; faeces.

Ordure (n.) Defect; imperfection; fault.

Ordurous (a.) Of or pertaining to ordure; filthy.

Ore (n.) Honor; grace; favor; mercy; clemency; happy augry.

Ore (n.) The native form of a metal, whether free and uncombined, as gold, copper, etc., or combined, as iron, lead, etc. Usually the ores contain the metals combined with oxygen, sulphur, arsenic, etc. (called mineralizers).

Ore (n.) A native metal or its compound with the rock in which it occurs, after it has been picked over to throw out what is worthless.

Ore (n.) Metal; as, the liquid ore.

Oread (n.) One of the nymphs of mountains and grottoes.

Oreades (n. pl.) A group of butterflies which includes the satyrs. See Satyr, 2.

Orectic (a.) Of or pertaining to the desires; hence, impelling to gratification; appetitive.

Oregon grape () An evergreen species of barberry (Berberis Aquifolium), of Oregon and California; also, its roundish, blue-black berries.

Oreide (n.) See Oroide.

Oreodon (n.) A genus of extinct herbivorous mammals, abundant in the Tertiary formation of the Rocky Mountains. It is more or less related to the camel, hog, and deer.

Oreodont (a.) Resembling, or allied to, the genus Oreodon.

Oreographic (a.) Of or pertaining to oreography.

Oreography (n.) The science of mountains; orography.

Oreoselin (n.) A white crystalline substance which is obtained indirectly from the root of an umbelliferous plant (Imperatoria Oreoselinum), and yields resorcin on decomposition.

Oreosoma (n. pl.) A genus of small oceanic fishes, remarkable for the large conical tubercles which cover the under surface.

Oreweed (n.) Same as Oarweed.

Orewood (n.) Same as Oarweed.

Orf (n.) Alt. of Orfe

Orfe (n.) A bright-colored domesticated variety of the id. See Id.

Orfgild (n.) Restitution for cattle; a penalty for taking away cattle.

Orfray (n.) The osprey.

Orfrays (n.) See Orphrey. [Obs.] Rom. of R.

Orgal (n.) See Argol.

Organ (n.) An instrument or medium by which some important action is performed, or an important end accomplished; as, legislatures, courts, armies, taxgatherers, etc., are organs of government.

Organ (n.) A natural part or structure in an animal or a plant, capable of performing some special action (termed its function), which is essential to the life or well-being of the whole; as, the heart, lungs, etc., are organs of animals; the root, stem, foliage, etc., are organs of plants.

Organ (n.) A component part performing an essential office in the working of any complex machine; as, the cylinder, valves, crank, etc., are organs of the steam engine.

Organ (n.) A medium of communication between one person or body and another; as, the secretary of state is the organ of communication between the government and a foreign power; a newspaper is the organ of its editor, or of a party, sect, etc.

Organ (n.) A wind instrument containing numerous pipes of various dimensions and kinds, which are filled with wind from a bellows, and played upon by means of keys similar to those of a piano, and sometimes by foot keys or pedals; -- formerly used in the plural, each pipe being considired an organ.

Organ (v. t.) To supply with an organ or organs; to fit with organs; to organize.

Organdie (n.) Alt. of Organdy

Organdy (n.) A kind of transparent light muslin.

Organic (a.) Of or pertaining to an organ or its functions, or to objects composed of organs; consisting of organs, or containing them; as, the organic structure of animals and plants; exhibiting characters peculiar to living organisms; as, organic bodies, organic life, organic remains. Cf. Inorganic.

Organic (a.) Produced by the organs; as, organic pleasure.

Organic (a.) Instrumental; acting as instruments of nature or of art to a certain destined function or end.

Organic (a.) Forming a whole composed of organs. Hence: Of or pertaining to a system of organs; inherent in, or resulting from, a certain organization; as, an organic government; his love of truth was not inculcated, but organic.

Organic (a.) Pertaining to, or denoting, any one of the large series of substances which, in nature or origin, are connected with vital processes, and include many substances of artificial production which may or may not occur in animals or plants; -- contrasted with inorganic.

Organical (a.) Organic.

Organically (adv.) In an organic manner; by means of organs or with reference to organic functions; hence, fundamentally.

Organicalness (n.) The quality or state of being organic.

Organicism (n.) The doctrine of the localization of disease, or which refers it always to a material lesion of an organ.

Organific (a.) Making an organic or organized structure; producing an organism; acting through, or resulting from, organs.

Organism (n.) Organic structure; organization.

Organism (n.) An organized being; a living body, either vegetable or animal, compozed of different organs or parts with functions which are separate, but mutually dependent, and essential to the life of the individual.

Organist (n.) One who plays on the organ.

Organist (n.) One of the priests who organized or sung in parts.

Organista (n.) Any one of several South American wrens, noted for the sweetness of their song.

Organity (n.) Organism.

Organizability (n.) Quality of being organizable; capability of being organized.

Organizable (a.) Capable of being organized; esp. (Biol.), capable of being formed into living tissue; as, organizable matter.

Organization (n.) The act of organizing; the act of arranging in a systematic way for use or action; as, the organization of an army, or of a deliberative body.

Organization (n.) The state of being organized; also, the relations included in such a state or condition.

Organization (n.) That which is organized; an organized existence; an organism

Organization (n.) an arrangement of parts for the performance of the functions necessary to life.

Organized (imp. & p. p.) of Organize

Organizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Organize

Organize (v. t.) To furnish with organs; to give an organic structure to; to endow with capacity for the functions of life; as, an organized being; organized matter; -- in this sense used chiefly in the past participle.

Organize (v. t.) To arrange or constitute in parts, each having a special function, act, office, or relation; to systematize; to get into working order; -- applied to products of the human intellect, or to human institutions and undertakings, as a science, a government, an army, a war, etc.

Organize (v. t.) To sing in parts; as, to organize an anthem.

Organizer (n.) One who organizes.

Organling (n.) A large kind of sea fish; the orgeis.

Organo- () A combining form denoting relation to, or connection with, an organ or organs.

Organogen (n.) A name given to any one of the four elements, carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, and nitrogen, which are especially characteristic ingredients of organic compounds; also, by extension, to other elements sometimes found in the same connection; as sulphur, phosphorus, etc.

Organogenesis (n.) The origin and development of organs in animals and plants.

Organogenesis (n.) The germ history of the organs and systems of organs, -- a branch of morphogeny.

Organogenic (a.) Of or pertaining to organogenesis.

Organogeny (n.) Organogenesis.

Organographic (a.) Alt. of Organographical

Organographical (a.) Of or pertaining to organography.

Organographist (n.) One versed in organography.

Organography (n.) A description of the organs of animals or plants.

Organoleptic (a.) Making an impression upon an organ; plastic; -- said of the effect or impression produced by any substance on the organs of touch, taste, or smell, and also on the organism as a whole.

Organological (a.) Of or relating to organology.

Organology (n.) The science of organs or of anything considered as an organic structure.

Organology (n.) That branch of biology which treats, in particular, of the organs of animals and plants. See Morphology.

Organometallic (a.) Metalorganic.

Organon (n.) Alt. of Organum

Organum (n.) An organ or instrument; hence, a method by which philosophical or scientific investigation may be conducted; -- a term adopted from the Aristotelian writers by Lord Bacon, as the title ("Novum Organon") of part of his treatise on philosophical method.

Organonymy (n.) The designation or nomenclature of organs.

Organophyly (n.) The tribal history of organs, -- a branch of morphophyly.

Organoplastic (a.) Having the property of producing the tissues or organs of animals and plants; as, the organoplastic cells.

Organoscopy (n.) Phrenology.

Organotrophic (a.) Relating to the creation, organization, and nutrition of living organs or parts.

Organule (n.) One of the essential cells or elements of an organ. See Sense organule, under Sense.

Organy (n.) See Origan.

Organzine (n.) A kind of double thrown silk of very fine texture, that is, silk twisted like a rope with different strands, so as to increase its strength.

Orgasm (n.) Eager or immoderate excitement or action; the state of turgescence of any organ; erethism; esp., the height of venereal excitement in sexual intercourse.

Orgeat (n.) A sirup in which, formerly, a decoction of barley entered, but which is now prepared with an emulsion of almonds, -- used to flavor beverages or edibles.

Orgeis (n.) See Organling.

Orgiastic (a.) Pertaining to, or of the nature of, orgies.

Orgies (n. pl.) A sacrifice accompanied by certain ceremonies in honor of some pagan deity; especially, the ceremonies observed by the Greeks and Romans in the worship of Dionysus, or Bacchus, which were characterized by wild and dissolute revelry.

Orgies (n. pl.) Drunken revelry; a carouse.

Orgillous (a.) Proud; haughty.

Orgue (n.) Any one of a number of long, thick pieces of timber, pointed and shod with iron, and suspended, each by a separate rope, over a gateway, to be let down in case of attack.

Orgue (n.) A piece of ordnance, consisting of a number of musket barrels arranged so that a match or train may connect with all their touchholes, and a discharge be secured almost or quite simultaneously.

Orgulous (a.) See Orgillous.

Orgies (pl. ) of Orgy

Orgy (n.) A frantic revel; drunken revelry. See Orgies

Orgyia (n.) A genus of bombycid moths whose caterpillars (esp. those of Orgyia leucostigma) are often very injurious to fruit trees and shade trees. The female is wingless. Called also vaporer moth.

Oricalche (n.) See Orichalch.

Orichalceous (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, orichalch; having a color or luster like that of brass.

Orichalch (n.) A metallic substance, resembling gold in color, but inferior in value; a mixed metal of the ancients, resembling brass; -- called also aurichalcum, orichalcum, etc.

Oriel (n.) A gallery for minstrels.

Oriel (n.) A small apartment next a hall, where certain persons were accustomed to dine; a sort of recess.

Oriel (n.) A bay window. See Bay window.

Oriency (n.) Brightness or strength of color.

Orient (a.) Rising, as the sun.

Orient (a.) Eastern; oriental.

Orient (a.) Bright; lustrous; superior; pure; perfect; pellucid; -- used of gems and also figuratively, because the most perfect jewels are found in the East.

Orient (n.) The part of the horizon where the sun first appears in the morning; the east.

Orient (n.) The countries of Asia or the East.

Orient (n.) A pearl of great luster.

Orient (v. t.) To define the position of, in relation to the orient or east; hence, to ascertain the bearings of.

Orient (v. t.) Fig.: To correct or set right by recurring to first principles; to arrange in order; to orientate.

Oriental (a.) Of or pertaining to the orient or east; eastern; concerned with the East or Orientalism; -- opposed to occidental; as, Oriental countries.

Oriental (n.) A native or inhabitant of the Orient or some Eastern part of the world; an Asiatic.

Oriental (n.) Eastern Christians of the Greek rite.

Orientalism (n.) Any system, doctrine, custom, expression, etc., peculiar to Oriental people.

Orientalism (n.) Knowledge or use of Oriental languages, history, literature, etc.

Orientalist (n.) An inhabitant of the Eastern parts of the world; an Oriental.

Orientalist (n.) One versed in Eastern languages, literature, etc.; as, the Paris Congress of Orientalists.

Orientality (n.) The quality or state of being oriental or eastern.

Orientalized (imp. & p. p.) of Orientalize

Orientalizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Orientalize

Orientalize (v. t.) to render Oriental; to cause to conform to Oriental manners or conditions.

Orientated (imp. & p. p.) of Orientate

Orientating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Orientate

Orientate (v. t.) To place or turn toward the east; to cause to assume an easterly direction, or to veer eastward.

Orientate (v. t.) To arrange in order; to dispose or place (a body) so as to show its relation to other bodies, or the relation of its parts among themselves.

Orientate (v. i.) To move or turn toward the east; to veer from the north or south toward the east.

Orientation (n.) The act or process of orientating; determination of the points of the compass, or the east point, in taking bearings.

Orientation (n.) The tendency of a revolving body, when suspended in a certain way, to bring the axis of rotation into parallelism with the earth's axis.

Orientation (n.) An aspect or fronting to the east; especially (Arch.), the placing of a church so that the chancel, containing the altar toward which the congregation fronts in worship, will be on the east end.

Orientation (n.) Fig.: A return to first principles; an orderly arrangement.

Orientness (n.) The quality or state of being orient or bright; splendor.

Orifice (n.) A mouth or aperture, as of a tube, pipe, etc.; an opening; as, the orifice of an artery or vein; the orifice of a wound.

Oriflamb (n.) Alt. of Oriflamme

Oriflamme (n.) The ancient royal standard of France.

Oriflamme (n.) A standard or ensign, in battle.

Origan (n.) Alt. of Origanum

Origanum (n.) A genus of aromatic labiate plants, including the sweet marjoram (O. Marjorana) and the wild marjoram (O. vulgare).

Origenism (n.) The opinions of Origen of Alexandria, who lived in the 3d century, one of the most learned of the Greek Fathers. Prominent in his teaching was the doctrine that all created beings, including Satan, will ultimately be saved.

Origenist (n.) A follower of Origen of Alexandria.

Origin (n.) The first existence or beginning of anything; the birth.

Origin (n.) That from which anything primarily proceeds; the fountain; the spring; the cause; the occasion.

Origin (n.) The point of attachment or end of a muscle which is fixed during contraction; -- in contradistinction to insertion.

Originable (a.) Capable of being originated.

Original (a.) Pertaining to the origin or beginning; preceding all others; first in order; primitive; primary; pristine; as, the original state of man; the original laws of a country; the original inventor of a process.

Original (a.) Not copied, imitated, or translated; new; fresh; genuine; as, an original thought; an original process; the original text of Scripture.

Original (a.) Having the power to suggest new thoughts or combinations of thought; inventive; as, an original genius.

Original (a.) Before unused or unknown; new; as, a book full of original matter.

Original (n.) Origin; commencement; source.

Original (n.) That which precedes all others of its class; archetype; first copy; hence, an original work of art, manuscript, text, and the like, as distinguished from a copy, translation, etc.

Original (n.) An original thinker or writer; an originator.

Original (n.) A person of marked eccentricity.

Original (n.) The natural or wild species from which a domesticated or cultivated variety has been derived; as, the wolf is thought by some to be the original of the dog, the blackthorn the original of the plum.

Originalist (n.) One who is original.

Originality (n.) The quality or state of being original.

Originally (adv.) In the original time, or in an original manner; primarily; from the beginning or origin; not by derivation, or imitation.

Originally (adv.) At first; at the origin; at the time of formation or costruction; as, a book originally written by another hand.

Originalness (n.) The quality of being original; originality.

Originant (a.) Originating; original.

Originary (a.) Causing existence; productive.

Originary (a.) Primitive; primary; original.

Originated (imp. & p. p.) of Originate

Originating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Originate

Originate (v. t.) To give an origin or beginning to; to cause to be; to bring into existence; to produce as new.

Originate (v. i.) To take first existence; to have origin or beginning; to begin to exist or act; as, the scheme originated with the governor and council.

Origination (n.) The act or process of bringing or coming into existence; first production.

Origination (n.) Mode of production, or bringing into being.

Originative (a.) Having power, or tending, to originate, or bring into existence; originating.

Originator (n.) One who originates.

Orillon (n.) A semicircular projection made at the shoulder of a bastion for the purpose of covering the retired flank, -- found in old fortresses.

Oriol (n.) See Oriel.

Oriole (n.) Any one of various species of Old World singing birds of the family Oriolidae. They are usually conspicuously colored with yellow and black. The European or golden oriole (Oriolus galbula, or O. oriolus) has a very musical flutelike note.

Oriole (n.) In America, any one of several species of the genus Icterus, belonging to the family Icteridae. See Baltimore oriole, and Orchard oriole, under Orchard.

Orion (n.) A large and bright constellation on the equator, between the stars Aldebaran and Sirius. It contains a remarkable nebula visible to the naked eye.

Oriskany (a.) Designating, or pertaining to, certain beds, chiefly limestone, characteristic of the latest period of the Silurian age.

Orismological (a.) Of or pertaining to orismology.

Orismology (n.) That departament of natural history which treats of technical terms.

Orison (n.) A prayer; a supplication.

Orisont (n.) Horizon.

Ork (n.) See Orc.

Orkneyan (a.) Of or pertaining to the Orkney islands.

Orle (n.) A bearing, in the form of a fillet, round the shield, within, but at some distance from, the border.

Orle (n.) The wreath, or chaplet, surmounting or encircling the helmet of a knight and bearing the crest.

Orleans (n.) A cloth made of worsted and cotton, -- used for wearing apparel.

Orleans (n.) A variety of the plum. See under Plum.

Orlo (n.) A wind instrument of music in use among the Spaniards.

Orlop (n.) The lowest deck of a vessel, esp. of a ship of war, consisting of a platform laid over the beams in the hold, on which the cables are coiled.

Ormer (n.) An abalone.

Ormolu (n.) A variety of brass made to resemble gold by the use of less zinc and more copper in its composition than ordinary brass contains. Its golden color is often heightened by means of lacquer of some sort, or by use of acids. Called also mosaic gold.

Ormuzd (n.) The good principle, or being, of the ancient Persian religion. See Ahriman.

Orn (v. t.) To ornament; to adorn.

Ornament (n.) That which embellishes or adorns; that which adds grace or beauty; embellishment; decoration; adornment.

Ornamented (imp. & p. p.) of Ornament

Ornamenting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Ornament

Ornament (v. t.) To adorn; to deck; to embellish; to beautify; as, to ornament a room, or a city.

Ornamental (a.) Serving to ornament; characterized by ornament; beautifying; embellishing.

Ornamentally (adv.) By way of ornament.

Ornamentation (n.) The act or art of ornamenting, or the state of being ornamented.

Ornamentation (n.) That which ornaments; ornament.

Ornamenter (n.) One who ornaments; a decorator.

Ornate (a.) Adorned; decorated; beautiful.

Ornate (a.) Finely finished, as a style of composition.

Ornate (v. t.) To adorn; to honor.

Ornately (adv.) In an ornate manner.

Ornateness (n.) The quality of being ornate.

Ornature (n.) Decoration; ornamentation.

Ornithic (a.) Of or pertaining to birds; as, ornithic fossils.

Ornithichnite (n.) The footmark of a bird occurring in strata of stone.

Ornithichnology (n.) The branch of science which treats of ornithichnites.

Ornitho- () A combining form fr. Gr. /, /, a bird.

Ornithodelphia (n. pl.) Same as Monotremata.

Ornithoidichnite (n.) A fossil track resembling that of a bird.

Ornitholite (n.) The fossil remains of a bird.

Ornitholite (n.) A stone of various colors bearing the figures of birds.

Ornithologic (a.) Alt. of Ornithological

Ornithological (a.) Of or pertaining to ornithology.

Ornithologist (n.) One skilled in ornithology; a student of ornithology; one who describes birds.

Ornithology (n.) That branch of zoology which treats of the natural history of birds and their classification.

Ornithology (n.) A treatise or book on this science.

Ornithomancy (n.) Divination by means of birds, their flight, etc.

Ornithon (n.) An aviary; a poultry house.

Ornithopappi (n. pl.) An extinct order of birds. It includes only the Archaeopteryx.

Ornithopoda (n. pl.) An order of herbivorous dinosaurs with birdlike characteristics in the skeleton, esp. in the pelvis and hind legs, which in some genera had only three functional toes, and supported the body in walking as in Iguanodon. See Illust. in Appendix.

Ornithorhynchus (n.) See Duck mole, under Duck.

Ornithosauria (n. pl.) An order of extinct flying reptiles; -- called also Pterosauria.

Ornithoscelida (n. pl.) A group of extinct Reptilia, intermediate in structure (especially with regard to the pelvis) between reptiles and birds.

Ornithoscopy (n.) Observation of birds and their habits.

Ornithotomical (a.) Of or pertaining to ornithotomy.

Ornithotomist (n.) One who is skilled in ornithotomy.

Ornithotomy (n.) The anatomy or dissection of birds.

Orographic (a.) Alt. of Orographical

Orographical (a.) Of or pertaining to orography.

Orography (n.) That branch of science which treats of mountains and mountain systems; orology; as, the orography of Western Europe.

Orohippus (n.) A genus of American Eocene mammals allied to the horse, but having four toes in front and three behind.

Oroide (n.) An alloy, chiefly of copper and zinc or tin, resembling gold in color and brilliancy.

Orological (a.) Of or pertaining to orology.

Orologist (n.) One versed in orology.

Orology (n.) The science or description of mountains.

Orotund (a.) Characterized by fullness, clearness, strength, and smoothness; ringing and musical; -- said of the voice or manner of utterance.

Orotund (n.) The orotund voice or utterance

Orotundity (n.) The orotund mode of intonation.

Orphaline (n.) See Orpheline.

Orphan (n.) A child bereaved of both father and mother; sometimes, also, a child who has but one parent living.

Orphan (a.) Bereaved of parents, or (sometimes) of one parent.

Orphaned (imp. & p. p.) of Orphan

Orphaning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Orphan

Orphan (v. t.) To cause to become an orphan; to deprive of parents.

Orphanage (n.) The state of being an orphan; orphanhood; orphans, collectively.

Orphanage (n.) An institution or asylum for the care of orphans.

Orphancy (n.) Orphanhood.

Orphanet (n.) A little orphan.

Orphanhood (n.) The state or condition of being an orphan; orphanage.

Orphanism (n.) Orphanhood.

Orphanotrophism (n.) The care and support of orphans.

Orphanotrophy (n.) A hospital for orphans.

Orphanotrophy (n.) The act of supporting orphans.

Orpharion (n.) An old instrument of the lute or cittern kind.

Orphean (a.) Of or pertaining to Orpheus, the mythic poet and musician; as, Orphean strains.

Orpheline (n.) An orphan.

Orpheus (n.) The famous mythic Thracian poet, son of the Muse Calliope, and husband of Eurydice. He is reputed to have had power to entrance beasts and inanimate objects by the music of his lyre.

Orphic (a.) Pertaining to Orpheus; Orphean; as, Orphic hymns.

Orphrey (n.) A band of rich embroidery, wholly or in part of gold, affixed to vestments, especially those of ecclesiastics.

Orpiment (n.) Arsenic sesquisulphide, produced artificially as an amorphous lemonyellow powder, and occurring naturally as a yellow crystalline mineral; -- formerly called auripigment. It is used in king's yellow, in white Indian fire, and in certain technical processes, as indigo printing.

Orpin (n.) A yellow pigment of various degrees of intensity, approaching also to red.

Orpin (n.) The orpine.

Orpine (n.) A low plant with fleshy leaves (Sedum telephium), having clusters of purple flowers. It is found on dry, sandy places, and on old walls, in England, and has become naturalized in America. Called also stonecrop, and live-forever.

Orrach (n.) See Orach.

Orreries (pl. ) of Orrery

Orrery (n.) An apparatus which illustrates, by the revolution of balls moved by wheelwork, the relative size, periodic motions, positions, orbits, etc., of bodies in the solar system.

Orris (n.) A plant of the genus Iris (I. Florentina); a kind of flower-de-luce. Its rootstock has an odor resembling that of violets.

Orris (n.) A sort of gold or silver lace.

Orris (n.) A peculiar pattern in which gold lace or silver lace is worked; especially, one in which the edges are ornamented with conical figures placed at equal distances, with spots between them.

Orsedew (n.) Alt. of Orsedue

Orsedue (n.) Leaf metal of bronze; Dutch metal. See under Dutch.

Orseille (n.) See Archil.

Orsellic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid found in certain lichens, and called also lecanoric acid.

Orsellinic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an organic acid obtained by a partial decomposition of orsellic acid as a white crystalline substance, and related to protocatechuic acid.

Orts (pl. ) of Ort

Ort (n.) A morsel left at a meal; a fragment; refuse; -- commonly used in the plural.

Ortalidian (n.) Any one of numerous small two-winged flies of the family Ortalidae. The larvae of many of these flies live in fruit; those of others produce galls on various plants.

Orthid (n.) A brachiopod shell of the genus Orthis, and allied genera, of the family Orthidae.

Orthis (n.) An extinct genus of Brachiopoda, abundant in the Paleozoic rocks.

Orthite (n.) A variety of allanite occurring in slender prismatic crystals.

Ortho- () A combining form signifying straight, right, upright, correct, regular; as, orthodromy, orthodiagonal, orthodox, orthographic.

Ortho- () A combining form (also used adjectively)

Ortho- () The one of several acids of the same element (as the phosphoric acids), which actually occurs with the greatest number of hydroxyl groups; as, orthophosphoric acid. Cf. Normal.

Ortho- () Connection with, or affinity to, one variety of isomerism, characteristic of the benzene compounds; -- contrasted with meta- or para-; as, the ortho position; hence, designating any substance showing such isomerism; as, an ortho compound.

Orthocarbonic (a.) Designating a complex ether, C.(OC2H5)4, which is obtained as a liquid of a pleasant ethereal odor by means of chlorpicrin, and is believed to be a derivative of the hypothetical normal carbonic acid, C.(OH)4.

Orthocenter (n.) That point in which the three perpendiculars let fall from the angles of a triangle upon the opposite sides, or the sides produced, mutually intersect.

Orthoceras (n.) An extinct genus of Paleozoic Cephalopoda, having a long, straight, conical shell. The interior is divided into numerous chambers by transverse septa.

Orthoceratite (n.) An orthoceras; also, any fossil shell allied to Orthoceras.

Orthoclase (n.) Common or potash feldspar crystallizing in the monoclinic system and having two cleavages at right angles to each other. See Feldspar.

Orthoclastic (a.) Breaking in directions at right angles to each other; -- said of the monoclinic feldspars.

Orthodiagonal (n.) The diagonal or lateral axis in a monoclinic crystal which is at right angles with the vertical axis.

Orthodome (n.) See the Note under Dome, 4.

Orthodox (a.) Sound in opinion or doctrine, especially in religious doctrine; hence, holding the Christian faith; believing the doctrines taught in the Scriptures; -- opposed to heretical and heterodox; as, an orthodox Christian.

Orthodox (a.) According or congruous with the doctrines of Scripture, the creed of a church, the decree of a council, or the like; as, an orthodox opinion, book, etc.

Orthodox (a.) Approved; conventional.

Orthodoxal (a.) Pertaining to, or evincing, orthodoxy; orthodox.

Orthodoxality (n.) Orthodoxness.

Orthodoxally (adv.) Orthodoxly.

Orthodoxastical (a.) Orthodox.

Orthodoxical (a.) Pertaining to, or evincing, orthodoxy; orthodox.

Orthodoxly (adv.) In an orthodox manner; with soundness of faith.

Orthodoxness (n.) The quality or state of being orthodox; orthodoxy.

Orthodoxy (n.) Soundness of faith; a belief in the doctrines taught in the Scriptures, or in some established standard of faith; -- opposed to heterodoxy or to heresy.

Orthodoxy (n.) Consonance to genuine Scriptural doctrines; -- said of moral doctrines and beliefs; as, the orthodoxy of a creed.

Orthodoxy (n.) By extension, said of any correct doctrine or belief.

Orthodromic (a.) Of or pertaining to orthodromy.

Orthodromics (n.) The art of sailing in a direct course, or on the arc of a great circle, which is the shortest distance between any two points on the surface of the globe; great-circle sailing; orthodromy.

Orthodromy (n.) The act or art of sailing on a great circle.

Orthoepic (a.) Alt. of Orthoepical

Orthoepical (a.) Of or pertaining to orthoepy, or correct pronunciation.

Orthoepist (n.) One who is skilled in orthoepy.

Orthoepy (n.) The art of uttering words correctly; a correct pronunciation of words; also, mode of pronunciation.

Orthogamy (n.) Direct fertilization in plants, as when the pollen fertilizing the ovules comes from the stamens of the same blossom; -- opposed to heterogamy.

Orthognathic (a.) Orthognathous.

Orthognathism (n.) The quality or state of being orthognathous.

Orthognathous (a.) Having the front of the head, or the skull, nearly perpendicular, not retreating backwards above the jaws; -- opposed to prognathous. See Gnathic index, under Gnathic.

Orthogon (n.) A rectangular figure.

Orthogonal (a.) Right-angled; rectangular; as, an orthogonal intersection of one curve with another.

Orthogonally (adv.) Perpendicularly; at right angles; as, a curve cuts a set of curves orthogonally.

Orthographer (n.) One versed in orthography; one who spells words correctly.

Orthographic (a.) Alt. of Orthographical

Orthographical (a.) Of or pertaining to orthography, or right spelling; also, correct in spelling; as, orthographical rules; the letter was orthographic.

Orthographical (a.) Of or pertaining to right lines or angles.

Orthographically (adv.) In an orthographical manner

Orthographically (adv.) according to the rules of proper spelling

Orthographically (adv.) according to orthographic projection.

Orthographist (n.) One who spells words correctly; an orthographer.

Orthographize (v. t.) To spell correctly or according to usage; to correct in regard to spelling.

Orthography (n.) The art or practice of writing words with the proper letters, according to standard usage; conventionally correct spelling; also, mode of spelling; as, his orthography is vicious.

Orthography (n.) The part of grammar which treats of the letters, and of the art of spelling words correctly.

Orthography (n.) A drawing in correct projection, especially an elevation or a vertical section.

Orthology (n.) The right description of things.

Orthometric (a.) Having the axes at right angles to one another; -- said of crystals or crystalline forms.

Orthometry (n.) The art or practice of constructing verses correctly; the laws of correct versification.

Orthomorphic (a.) Having the right form.

Orthopedic (a.) Alt. of Orthopedical

Orthopedical (a.) Pertaining to, or employed in, orthopedy; relating to the prevention or cure of deformities of children, or, in general, of the human body at any age; as, orthopedic surgery; an orthopedic hospital.

Orthopedist (n.) One who prevents, cures, or remedies deformities, esp. in children.

Orthopedy (n.) The art or practice of curing the deformities of children, or, by extension, any deformities of the human body.

Orthophony (n.) The art of correct articulation; voice training.

Orthopinacoid (n.) A name given to the two planes in the monoclinic system which are parallel to the vertical and orthodiagonal axes.

Orthopn/a (n.) Alt. of Orthopny

Orthopny (n.) Specifically, a morbid condition in which respiration can be performed only in an erect posture; by extension, any difficulty of breathing.

Orthopoda (n. pl.) An extinct order of reptiles which stood erect on the hind legs, and resembled birds in the structure of the feet, pelvis, and other parts.

Orthopraxy (n.) The treatment of deformities in the human body by mechanical appliances.

Orthoptera (n. pl.) An order of mandibulate insects including grasshoppers, locusts, cockroaches, etc. See Illust. under Insect.

Orthopteran (n.) One of the Orthoptera.

Orthopterous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Orthoptera.

Orthorhombic (a.) Noting the system of crystallization which has three unequal axes at right angles to each other; trimetric. See Crystallization.

Orthoscope (n.) An instrument designed to show the condition of the superficial portions of the eye.

Orthoscopic (a.) Giving an image in correct or normal proportions; giving a flat field of view; as, an orthoscopic eyepiece.

Orthosilicic (a.) Designating the form of silicic acid having the normal or highest number of hydroxyl groups.

Orthospermous (a.) Having the seeds straight, as in the fruits of some umbelliferous plants; -- opposed to coelospermous.

Orthostade (n.) A chiton, or loose, ungirded tunic, falling in straight folds.

Orthostichies (pl. ) of Orthostichy

Orthostichy (n.) A longitudinal rank, or row, of leaves along a stem.

Orthotomic (a.) Cutting at right angles.

Orthotomous (a.) Having two cleavages at right angles with one another.

Orthotomy (n.) The property of cutting at right angles.

Orthotone (a.) Retaining the accent; not enclitic; -- said of certain indefinite pronouns and adverbs when used interrogatively, which, when not so used, are ordinarilly enclitic.

Orthotropal (a.) Alt. of Orthotropous

Orthotropous (a.) Having the axis of an ovule or seed straight from the hilum and chalaza to the orifice or the micropyle; atropous.

Orthotropic (a.) Having the longer axis vertical; -- said of erect stems.

Orthoxylene (n.) That variety of xylene in which the two methyl groups are in the ortho position; a colorless, liquid, combustible hydrocarbon resembling benzene.

Ortive (a.) Of or relating to the time or act of rising; eastern; as, the ortive amplitude of a planet.

Ortolan (n.) A European singing bird (Emberiza hortulana), about the size of the lark, with black wings. It is esteemed delicious food when fattened. Called also bunting.

Ortolan (n.) In England, the wheatear (Saxicola oenanthe).

Ortolan (n.) In America, the sora, or Carolina rail (Porzana Carolina). See Sora.

Ortygan (n.) One of several species of East Indian birds of the genera Ortygis and Hemipodius. They resemble quails, but lack the hind toe. See Turnix.

Orval (n.) A kind of sage (Salvia Horminum).

Orvet (n.) The blindworm.

Orvietan (n.) A kind of antidote for poisons; a counter poison formerly in vogue.

-ory () An adjective suffix meaning of or pertaining to, serving for; as in auditory, pertaining to or serving for hearing; prohibitory, amendatory, etc.

-ory () A noun suffix denoting that which pertains to, or serves for; as in ambulatory, that which serves for walking; consistory, factory, etc.

Oryal (n.) Alt. of Oryall

Oryall (n.) See Oriel.

Oryctere (n.) The aard-vark.

Orycterope (n.) Same as Oryctere.

Oryctognosy (n.) Mineralogy.

Oryctography (n.) Description of fossils.

Oryctological (a.) Of or pertaining to oryctology.

Oryctologist (n.) One versed in oryctology.

Oryctology (n.) An old name for paleontology.

Oryctology (n.) An old name for mineralogy and geology.

Oryx (n.) A genus of African antelopes which includes the gemsbok, the leucoryx, the bisa antelope (O. beisa), and the beatrix antelope (O. beatrix) of Arabia.

Oryza (n.) A genus of grasses including the rice plant; rice.

Praam (n.) A flat-bottomed boat or lighter, -- used in Holland and the Baltic, and sometimes armed in case of war.

Practic (a.) Practical.

Practic (a.) Artful; deceitful; skillful.

Practicability (n.) The quality or state of being practicable; practicableness; feasibility.

Practicable (a.) That may be practiced or performed; capable of being done or accomplished with available means or resources; feasible; as, a practicable method; a practicable aim; a practicable good.

Practicable (a.) Capable of being used; passable; as, a practicable weapon; a practicable road.

Practical (a.) Of or pertaining to practice or action.

Practical (a.) Capable of being turned to use or account; useful, in distinction from ideal or theoretical; as, practical chemistry.

Practical (a.) Evincing practice or skill; capable of applying knowledge to some useful end; as, a practical man; a practical mind.

Practical (a.) Derived from practice; as, practical skill.

Practicality (n.) The quality or state of being practical; practicalness.

Practically (adv.) In a practical way; not theoretically; really; as, to look at things practically; practically worthless.

Practically (adv.) By means of practice or use; by experience or experiment; as, practically wise or skillful; practically acquainted with a subject.

Practically (adv.) In practice or use; as, a medicine practically safe; theoretically wrong, but practically right.

Practically (adv.) Almost.

Practicalness (n.) Same as Practicality.

Practicalize (v. t.) To render practical.

Practice (n.) Frequently repeated or customary action; habitual performance; a succession of acts of a similar kind; usage; habit; custom; as, the practice of rising early; the practice of making regular entries of accounts; the practice of daily exercise.

Practice (n.) Customary or constant use; state of being used.

Practice (n.) Skill or dexterity acquired by use; expertness.

Practice (n.) Actual performance; application of knowledge; -- opposed to theory.

Practice (n.) Systematic exercise for instruction or discipline; as, the troops are called out for practice; she neglected practice in music.

Practice (n.) Application of science to the wants of men; the exercise of any profession; professional business; as, the practice of medicine or law; a large or lucrative practice.

Practice (n.) Skillful or artful management; dexterity in contrivance or the use of means; art; stratagem; artifice; plot; -- usually in a bad sense.

Practice (n.) A easy and concise method of applying the rules of arithmetic to questions which occur in trade and business.

Practice (n.) The form, manner, and order of conducting and carrying on suits and prosecutions through their various stages, according to the principles of law and the rules laid down by the courts.

Practiced (imp. & p. p.) of Practice

Practicing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Practice

Practice (v. t.) To do or perform frequently, customarily, or habitually; to make a practice of; as, to practice gaming.

Practice (v. t.) To exercise, or follow, as a profession, trade, art, etc., as, to practice law or medicine.

Practice (v. t.) To exercise one's self in, for instruction or improvement, or to acquire discipline or dexterity; as, to practice gunnery; to practice music.

Practice (v. t.) To put into practice; to carry out; to act upon; to commit; to execute; to do.

Practice (v. t.) To make use of; to employ.

Practice (v. t.) To teach or accustom by practice; to train.

Practice (v. i.) To perform certain acts frequently or customarily, either for instruction, profit, or amusement; as, to practice with the broadsword or with the rifle; to practice on the piano.

Practice (v. i.) To learn by practice; to form a habit.

Practice (v. i.) To try artifices or stratagems.

Practice (v. i.) To apply theoretical science or knowledge, esp. by way of experiment; to exercise or pursue an employment or profession, esp. that of medicine or of law.

Practiced (a.) Experienced; expert; skilled; as, a practiced marksman.

Practiced (a.) Used habitually; learned by practice.

Practicer (n.) One who practices, or puts in practice; one who customarily performs certain acts.

Practicer (n.) One who exercises a profession; a practitioner.

Practicer (n.) One who uses art or stratagem.

Practician (n.) One who is acquainted with, or skilled in, anything by practice; a practitioner.

Practick (n.) Practice.

Practisant (n.) An agent or confederate in treachery.

Practise (v. t. & i.) See Practice.

Practisour (n.) A practitioner.

Practitioner (n.) One who is engaged in the actual use or exercise of any art or profession, particularly that of law or medicine.

Practitioner (n.) One who does anything customarily or habitually.

Practitioner (n.) A sly or artful person.

Practive (a.) Doing; active.

Prad (n.) A horse.

Prae- () A prefix. See Pre-.

Praecava (n.) The superior vena cava.

Praecipe (n.) A writ commanding something to be done, or requiring a reason for neglecting it.

Praecipe (n.) A paper containing the particulars of a writ, lodged in the office out of which the writ is to be issued.

Praecoces (n. pl.) A division of birds including those whose young are able to run about when first hatched.

Praecocial (a.) Of or pertaining to the Praecoces.

Praecognita (n. pl.) This previously known, or which should be known in order to understand something else.

Praecommissure (n.) A transverse commissure in the anterior part of the third ventricle of the brain; the anterior cerebral commissure.

Praecoracoid (n.) See Precoracoid.

Praecordia (n.) The front part of the thoracic region; the epigastrium.

Praecordial (a.) Same as Precordial.

Praecornua (pl. ) of Praecornu

Praecornu (n.) The anterior horn of each lateral ventricle of the brain.

Praedial (a.) See Predial.

Praefloration (n.) Same as Prefloration.

Praefoliation (n.) Same as Prefoliation.

Praemaxilla (n.) See Premaxilla.

Praemolar (a.) See Premolar.

Praemorse (a.) Same as Premorse.

Praemunire (n.) The offense of introducing foreign authority into England, the penalties for which were originally intended to depress the civil power of the pope in the kingdom.

Praemunire (n.) The writ grounded on that offense.

Praemunire (n.) The penalty ascribed for the offense of praemunire.

Praemnire (v. t.) The subject to the penalties of praemunire.

Praemunitory (a.) See Premunitory.

Praenares (n. pl.) The anterior nares. See Nares.

Praenasal (a.) Same as Prenasal.

Praenomina (pl. ) of Praenomen

Praenomen (n.) The first name of a person, by which individuals of the same family were distinguished, answering to our Christian name, as Caius, Lucius, Marcus, etc.

Praenominical (a.) Of or pertaining to a praenomen.

Praeoperculum (n.) Same as Preoperculum.

Praesternum (n.) Same as Preoral, Prepubis, Prescapula, etc.

Praeter- () A prefix. See Preter-.

Praeterist (n.) See Preterist.

Praetermit (v. t.) See Pretermit.

Praetextae (pl. ) of Praetexta

Praetextas (pl. ) of Praetexta

Praetexta (n.) A white robe with a purple border, worn by a Roman boy before he was entitled to wear the toga virilis, or until about the completion of his fourteenth year, and by girls until their marriage. It was also worn by magistrates and priests.

Praetor (n.) See Pretor.

Praetores (n. pl.) A division of butterflies including the satyrs.

Praetorian (a.) See Pretorian.

Praetorium (n.) See Pretorium.

Praezygapophysis (n.) Same as Prezygapophysis.

Pragmatic (a.) Alt. of Pragmatical

Pragmatical (a.) Of or pertaining to business or to affairs; of the nature of business; practical; material; businesslike in habit or manner.

Pragmatical (a.) Busy; specifically, busy in an objectionable way; officious; fussy and positive; meddlesome.

Pragmatical (a.) Philosophical; dealing with causes, reasons, and effects, rather than with details and circumstances; -- said of literature.

Pragmatic (n.) One skilled in affairs.

Pragmatic (n.) A solemn public ordinance or decree.

Pragmatically (adv.) In a pragmatical manner.

Pragmaticalness (n.) The quality or state of being pragmatical.

Pragmatism (n.) The quality or state of being pragmatic; in literature, the pragmatic, or philosophical, method.

Pragmatist (n.) One who is pragmatic.

Pragmatize (v. t.) To consider, represent, or embody (something unreal) as fact; to materialize.

Prairial (n.) The ninth month of the French Republican calendar, which dated from September 22, 1792. It began May, 20, and ended June 18. See Vendemiaire.

Prairie (n.) An extensive tract of level or rolling land, destitute of trees, covered with coarse grass, and usually characterized by a deep, fertile soil. They abound throughout the Mississippi valley, between the Alleghanies and the Rocky mountains.

Prairie (n.) A meadow or tract of grass; especially, a so called natural meadow.

Praisable (a.) Fit to be praised; praise-worthy; laudable; commendable.

Praisably (adv.) In a praisable manner.

Praised (imp. & p. p.) of Praise

Praising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Praise

Praise (v.) To commend; to applaud; to express approbation of; to laud; -- applied to a person or his acts.

Praise (v.) To extol in words or song; to magnify; to glorify on account of perfections or excellent works; to do honor to; to display the excellence of; -- applied especially to the Divine Being.

Praise (v.) To value; to appraise.

Praise (v.) Commendation for worth; approval expressed; honor rendered because of excellence or worth; laudation; approbation.

Praise (v.) Especially, the joyful tribute of gratitude or homage rendered to the Divine Being; the act of glorifying or extolling the Creator; worship, particularly worship by song, distinction from prayer and other acts of worship; as, a service of praise.

Praise (v.) The object, ground, or reason of praise.

Praiseful (a.) Praiseworthy.

Praiseful (a.) Praiseworthy.

Praiseless (a.) Without praise or approbation.

Praise-meeting (n.) A religious service mainly in song.

Praisement (n.) Appraisement.

Praiseer (n.) One who praises.

Praiseer (n.) An appraiser; a valuator.

Praiseworthily (adv.) In a praiseworthy manner.

Praiseworthiness (n.) The quality or state of being praiseworthy.

Praiseworthy (a.) Worthy of praise or applause; commendable; as, praiseworthy action; he was praiseworthy.

Prakrit (n.) Any one of the popular dialects descended from, or akin to, Sanskrit; -- in distinction from the Sanskrit, which was used as a literary and learned language when no longer spoken by the people. Pali is one of the Prakrit dialects.

Prakritic (a.) Pertaining to Prakrit.

Pram (n.) Alt. of Prame

Prame (n.) See Praam.

Pranced (imp. & p. p.) of Prance

Prancing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prance

Prance (v. i.) To spring or bound, as a horse in high mettle.

Prance (v. i.) To ride on a prancing horse; to ride in an ostentatious manner.

Prance (v. i.) To walk or strut about in a pompous, showy manner, or with warlike parade.

Prancer (n.) A horse which prances.

Prandial (a.) Of or pertaining to a repast, especially to dinner.

Prangos (n.) A genus of umbelliferous plants, one species of which (P. pabularia), found in Thibet, Cashmere, Afghanistan, etc., has been used as fodder for cattle. It has decompound leaves with very long narrow divisions, and a highly fragrant smell resembling that of new clover hay.

Pranked (imp. & p. p.) of Prank

Pranking (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prank

Prank (v. t.) To adorn in a showy manner; to dress or equip ostentatiously; -- often followed by up; as, to prank up the body. See Prink.

Prank (v. i.) To make ostentatious show.

Prank (n.) A gay or sportive action; a ludicrous, merry, or mischievous trick; a caper; a frolic.

Prank (a.) Full of gambols or tricks.

Pranker (n.) One who dresses showily; a prinker.

Prankish (a.) Full of pranks; frolicsome.

Prase (n.) A variety of cryptocrystalline of a leek-green color.

Praseo- () A combining form signifying green; as, praseocobalt, a green variety of cobalt.

Praseodymium (n.) An elementary substance, one of the constituents of didymium; -- so called from the green color of its salts. Symbol Ps. Atomic weight 143.6.

Praseolite (n.) A variety of altered iolite of a green color and greasy luster.

Prasinous (a.) Grass-green; clear, lively green, without any mixture.

Prasoid (a.) Resembling prase.

Prated (imp. & p. p.) of Prate

Prating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prate

Prate (v. i.) To talk much and to little purpose; to be loquacious; to speak foolishly; to babble.

Prate (v. t.) To utter foolishly; to speak without reason or purpose; to chatter, or babble.

Prate (n.) Talk to little purpose; trifling talk; unmeaning loquacity.

Prateful (a.) Talkative.

Prater (n.) One who prates.

Pratic (n.) See Pratique.

Pratincole (n.) Any bird of the Old World genus Glareola, or family Glareolidae, allied to the plovers. They have long, pointed wings and a forked tail.

Pratingly (adv.) With idle talk; with loquacity.

Pratique (n.) Primarily, liberty of converse; intercourse; hence, a certificate, given after compliance with quarantine regulations, permitting a ship to land passengers and crew; -- a term used particularly in the south of Europe.

Pratique (n.) Practice; habits.

Prattled (imp. & p. p.) of Prattle

Prattling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prattle

Prattle (v. i.) To talk much and idly; to prate; hence, to talk lightly and artlessly, like a child; to utter child's talk.

Prattle (v. t.) To utter as prattle; to babble; as, to prattle treason.

Prattle (n.) Trifling or childish tattle; empty talk; loquacity on trivial subjects; prate; babble.

Prattlement (n.) Prattle.

Prattler (n.) One who prattles.

Pravity (n.) Deterioration; degeneracy; corruption; especially, moral crookedness; moral perversion; perverseness; depravity; as, the pravity of human nature.

Prawn (n.) Any one of numerous species of large shrimplike Crustacea having slender legs and long antennae. They mostly belong to the genera Pandalus, Palaemon, Palaemonetes, and Peneus, and are much used as food. The common English prawn is Palaemon serratus.

Praxinoscope (n.) An instrument, similar to the phenakistoscope, for presenting to view, or projecting upon a screen, images the natural motions of real objects.

Praxis (n.) Use; practice; especially, exercise or discipline for a specific purpose or object.

Praxis (n.) An example or form of exercise, or a collection of such examples, for practice.

Pray (n. & v.) See Pry.

Prayed (imp. & p. p.) of Pray

Praying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Pray

Pray (v. i.) To make request with earnestness or zeal, as for something desired; to make entreaty or supplication; to offer prayer to a deity or divine being as a religious act; specifically, to address the Supreme Being with adoration, confession, supplication, and thanksgiving.

Pray (v. t.) To address earnest request to; to supplicate; to entreat; to implore; to beseech.

Pray (v. t.) To ask earnestly for; to seek to obtain by supplication; to entreat for.

Pray (v. t.) To effect or accomplish by praying; as, to pray a soul out of purgatory.

Prayer (n.) One who prays; a supplicant.

Prayer (v. i.) The act of praying, or of asking a favor; earnest request or entreaty; hence, a petition or memorial addressed to a court or a legislative body.

Prayer (v. i.) The act of addressing supplication to a divinity, especially to the true God; the offering of adoration, confession, supplication, and thanksgiving to the Supreme Being; as, public prayer; secret prayer.

Prayer (v. i.) The form of words used in praying; a formula of supplication; an expressed petition; especially, a supplication addressed to God; as, a written or extemporaneous prayer; to repeat one's prayers.

Prayerful (a.) Given to prayer; praying much or often; devotional.

Prayerless (a.) Not using prayer; habitually neglecting prayer to God; without prayer.

Praying () a. & n. from Pray, v.

Prayingly (adv.) With supplication to God.

Pre- () A prefix denoting priority (of time, place, or rank); as, precede, to go before; precursor, a forerunner; prefix, to fix or place before; preeminent eminent before or above others. Pre- is sometimes used intensively, as in prepotent, very potent.

Preaccusation (n.) Previous accusation.

Preace (v. & n.) Press.

Preached (imp. & p. p.) of Preach

Preaching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preach

Preach (v. i.) To proclaim or publish tidings; specifically, to proclaim the gospel; to discourse publicly on a religious subject, or from a text of Scripture; to deliver a sermon.

Preach (v. i.) To give serious advice on morals or religion; to discourse in the manner of a preacher.

Preach (v. t.) To proclaim by public discourse; to utter in a sermon or a formal religious harangue.

Preach (v. t.) To inculcate in public discourse; to urge with earnestness by public teaching.

Preach (v. t.) To deliver or pronounce; as, to preach a sermon.

Preach (v. t.) To teach or instruct by preaching; to inform by preaching.

Preach (v. t.) To advise or recommend earnestly.

Preach (v.) A religious discourse.

Preacher (n.) One who preaches; one who discourses publicly on religious subjects.

Preacher (n.) One who inculcates anything with earnestness.

Preachership (n.) The office of a preacher.

Preachify (v. i.) To discourse in the manner of a preacher.

Preaching (n.) The act of delivering a religious discourse; the art of sermonizing; also, a sermon; a public religious discourse; serious, earnest advice.

Preachmen (pl. ) of Preachman

Preachman (n.) A preacher; -- so called in contempt.

Preachment (n.) A religious harangue; a sermon; -- used derogatively.

Preacquaint (v. t.) To acquaint previously or beforehand.

Preacquaintance (n.) Previous acquaintance or knowledge.

Preact (v. t.) To act beforehand; to perform previously.

Preaction (n.) Previous action.

Preadamic (a.) Prior to Adam.

Preadamite (n.) An inhabitant of the earth before Adam.

Preadamite (n.) One who holds that men existed before Adam.

Preadamitic (a.) Existing or occurring before Adam; preadamic; as, preadamitic periods.

Preadjustment (n.) Previous adjustment.

Preadministration (n.) Previous administration.

Preadmonish (v. t.) To admonish previously.

Preadmonition (n.) Previous warning or admonition; forewarning.

Preadvertise (v. t.) To advertise beforehand; to preannounce publicly.

Preamble (n.) A introductory portion; an introduction or preface, as to a book, document, etc.; specifically, the introductory part of a statute, which states the reasons and intent of the law.

Preamble (v. t. & i.) To make a preamble to; to preface; to serve as a preamble.

Preambulary (a.) Of or pertaining to a preamble; introductory; contained or provided for in a preamble.

Preambulate (v. i.) To walk before.

Preambulation (n.) A walking or going before; precedence.

Preambulation (n.) A preamble.

Preambulatory (a.) Preceding; going before; introductory.

Preambulous (n.) See Perambulatory.

Preannounce (v. t.) To announce beforehand.

Preantenultimate (a.) Being or indicating the fourth syllable from the end of a word, or that before the antepenult.

Preaortic (a.) In front, or on the ventral side, of the aorta.

Preappoint (v. t.) To appoint previously, or beforehand.

Preappointment (n.) Previous appointment.

Preapprehension (n.) An apprehension or opinion formed before examination or knowledge.

Prearm (v. t.) To forearm.

Prearrange (v. t.) To arrange beforehand.

Prease (v. t. & i.) To press; to crowd.

Prease (n.) A press; a crowd.

Preassurance (n.) Previous assurance.

Preataxic (a.) Occurring before the symptom ataxia has developed; -- applied to the early symptoms of locomotor ataxia.

Preaudience (n.) Precedence of rank at the bar among lawyers.

Preaxial (a.) Situated in front of any transverse axis in the body of an animal; anterior; cephalic; esp., in front, or on the anterior, or cephalic (that is, radial or tibial) side of the axis of a limb.

Prebend (n.) A payment or stipend; esp., the stipend or maintenance granted to a prebendary out of the estate of a cathedral or collegiate church with which he is connected. See Note under Benefice.

Prebend (n.) A prebendary.

Prebendal (a.) Of or pertaining to a prebend; holding a prebend; as, a prebendal priest or stall.

Prebendary (n.) A clergyman attached to a collegiate or cathedral church who enjoys a prebend in consideration of his officiating at stated times in the church. See Note under Benefice, n., 3.

Prebendary (n.) A prebendaryship.

Prebendaryship (n.) The office of a prebendary.

Prebendate (v. t.) To invest with the office of prebendary; to present to a prebend.

Prebendship (n.) A prebendaryship.

Prebronchial (a.) Situated in front of the bronchus; -- applied especially to an air sac on either side of the esophagus of birds.

Precalculate (v. t.) To calculate or determine beforehand; to prearrange.

Precant (n.) One who prays.

Precarious (a.) Depending on the will or pleasure of another; held by courtesy; liable to be changed or lost at the pleasure of another; as, precarious privileges.

Precarious (a.) Held by a doubtful tenure; depending on unknown causes or events; exposed to constant risk; not to be depended on for certainty or stability; uncertain; as, a precarious state of health; precarious fortunes.

Precation (n.) The act of praying; supplication; entreaty.

Preative (a.) Alt. of Preatory

Preatory (a.) Suppliant; beseeching.

Precaution (n.) Previous caution or care; caution previously employed to prevent mischief or secure good; as, his life was saved by precaution.

Precaution (n.) A measure taken beforehand to ward off evil or secure good or success; a precautionary act; as, to take precautions against accident.

Precaution (v. t.) To warn or caution beforehand.

Precaution (v. t.) To take precaution against.

Precautional (a.) Precautionary.

Precautionary (a.) Of or pertaining to precaution, or precautions; as, precautionary signals.

Precautious (a.) Taking or using precaution; precautionary.

Precedaneous (a.) Preceding; antecedent; previous.

Preceded (imp. & p. p.) of Precede

Preceding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Precede

Precede (v. t.) To go before in order of time; to occur first with relation to anything.

Precede (v. t.) To go before in place, rank, or importance.

Precede (v. t.) To cause to be preceded; to preface; to introduce; -- used with by or with before the instrumental object.

Precedence (n.) Alt. of Precedency

Precedency (n.) The act or state of preceding or going before in order of time; priority; as, one event has precedence of another.

Precedency (n.) The act or state of going or being before in rank or dignity, or the place of honor; right to a more honorable place; superior rank; as, barons have precedence of commoners.

Precedent (a.) Going before; anterior; preceding; antecedent; as, precedent services.

Precedent (n.) Something done or said that may serve as an example to authorize a subsequent act of the same kind; an authoritative example.

Precedent (n.) A preceding circumstance or condition; an antecedent; hence, a prognostic; a token; a sign.

Precedent (n.) A rough draught of a writing which precedes a finished copy.

Precedent (n.) A judicial decision which serves as a rule for future determinations in similar or analogous cases; an authority to be followed in courts of justice; forms of proceeding to be followed in similar cases.

Precedented (a.) Having a precedent; authorized or sanctioned by an example of a like kind.

Precedential (a.) Of the nature of a precedent; having force as an example for imitation; as, precedential transactions.

Precedently (adv.) Beforehand; antecedently.

Preceding (a.) Going before; -- opposed to following.

Preceding (a.) In the direction toward which stars appear to move. See Following, 2.

Precel (v. t. & i.) To surpass; to excel; to exceed.

Precellence (n.) Alt. of Precellency

Precellency (n.) Excellence; superiority.

Precellent (a.) Excellent; surpassing.

Precentor (n.) A leader of a choir; a directing singer.

Precentor (n.) The leader of the choir in a cathedral; -- called also the chanter or master of the choir.

Precentor (n.) The leader of the congregational singing in Scottish and other churches.

Precentorship (n.) The office of a precentor.

Precent (n.) Any commandment, instruction, or order intended as an authoritative rule of action; esp., a command respecting moral conduct; an injunction; a rule.

Precent (n.) A command in writing; a species of writ or process.

Precept (v. t.) To teach by precepts.

Preceptial (a.) Preceptive.

Preception (n.) A precept.

Preceptive (a.) Containing or giving precepts; of the nature of precepts; didactic; as, the preceptive parts of the Scriptures.

Preceptor (n.) One who gives commands, or makes rules; specifically, the master or principal of a school; a teacher; an instructor.

Preceptor (n.) The head of a preceptory among the Knights Templars.

Preceptorial (a.) Of or pertaining to a preceptor.

Preceptory (a.) Preceptive.

Preceptories (pl. ) of Preceptory

Preceptory (n.) A religious house of the Knights Templars, subordinate to the temple or principal house of the order in London. See Commandery, n., 2.

Preceptress (n.) A woman who is the principal of a school; a female teacher.

Precession (n.) The act of going before, or forward.

Precessional (a.) Of or pertaining to pression; as, the precessional movement of the equinoxes.

Precessor (n.) A predecessor.

Precinct (n.) The limit or exterior line encompassing a place; a boundary; a confine; limit of jurisdiction or authority; -- often in the plural; as, the precincts of a state.

Precinct (n.) A district within certain boundaries; a minor territorial or jurisdictional division; as, an election precinct; a school precinct.

Precinct (n.) A parish or prescribed territory attached to a church, and taxed for its support.

Preciosity (n.) Preciousness; something precious.

Precious (a.) Of great price; costly; as, a precious stone.

Precious (a.) Of great value or worth; very valuable; highly esteemed; dear; beloved; as, precious recollections.

Precious (a.) Particular; fastidious; overnice.

Preciously (adv.) In a precious manner; expensively; extremely; dearly. Also used ironically.

Preciousness (n.) The quality or state of being precious; costliness; dearness.

Precipe (n.) See Praecipe, and Precept.

Precipice (n.) A sudden or headlong fall.

Precipice (n.) A headlong steep; a very steep, perpendicular, or overhanging place; an abrupt declivity; a cliff.

Precipient (a.) Commanding; directing.

Precipitability (n.) The quality or state of being precipitable.

Precipitable (a.) Capable of being precipitated, or cast to the bottom, as a substance in solution. See Precipitate, n. (Chem.)

Precipitance (n.) Alt. of Precipitancy

Precipitancy (n.) The quality or state of being precipitant, or precipitate; headlong hurry; excessive or rash haste in resolving, forming an opinion, or executing a purpose; precipitation; as, the precipitancy of youth.

Precipitant (a.) Falling or rushing headlong; rushing swiftly, violently, or recklessly; moving precipitately.

Precipitant (a.) Unexpectedly or foolishly brought on or hastened; rashly hurried; hasty; sudden; reckless.

Precipitant (n.) Any force or reagent which causes the formation of a precipitate.

Precipitantly (adv.) With rash or foolish haste; in headlong manner.

Precipitantness (n.) The quality or state of being precipitant; precipitation.

Precipitate (a.) Overhasty; rash; as, the king was too precipitate in declaring war.

Precipitate (a.) Lacking due deliberation or care; hurried; said or done before the time; as, a precipitate measure.

Precipitate (a.) Falling, flowing, or rushing, with steep descent; headlong.

Precipitate (a.) Ending quickly in death; brief and fatal; as, a precipitate case of disease.

Precipitate (n.) An insoluble substance separated from a solution in a concrete state by the action of some reagent added to the solution, or of some force, such as heat or cold. The precipitate may fall to the bottom (whence the name), may be diffused through the solution, or may float at or near the surface.

Precipitated (imp. & p. p.) of Precipitate

Precipitating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Precipitate

Precipitate (v. t.) To throw headlong; to cast down from a precipice or height.

Precipitate (v. t.) To urge or press on with eager haste or violence; to cause to happen, or come to a crisis, suddenly or too soon; as, precipitate a journey, or a conflict.

Precipitate (v. t.) To separate from a solution, or other medium, in the form of a precipitate; as, water precipitates camphor when in solution with alcohol.

Precipitate (v. i.) To dash or fall headlong.

Precipitate (v. i.) To hasten without preparation.

Precipitate (v. i.) To separate from a solution as a precipitate. See Precipitate, n.

Precipitately (adv.) In a precipitate manner; headlong; hastily; rashly.

Precipitation (n.) The act of precipitating, or the state of being precipitated, or thrown headlong.

Precipitation (n.) A falling, flowing, or rushing downward with violence and rapidity.

Precipitation (n.) Great hurry; rash, tumultuous haste; impetuosity.

Precipitation (n.) The act or process of precipitating from a solution.

Precipitator (n.) One who precipitates, or urges on with vehemence or rashness.

Precipitious (a.) Precipitous.

Precipitous (a.) Steep, like a precipice; as, a precipitous cliff or mountain.

Precipitous (a.) Headlong; as, precipitous fall.

Precipitous (a.) Hasty; rash; quick; sudden; precipitate; as, precipitous attempts.

Precis (n.) A concise or abridged statement or view; an abstract; a summary.

Precise (a.) Having determinate limitations; exactly or sharply defined or stated; definite; exact; nice; not vague or equivocal; as, precise rules of morality.

Precise (a.) Strictly adhering or conforming to rule; very nice or exact; punctilious in conduct or ceremony; formal; ceremonious.

Precisian (n.) One who limits, or restrains.

Precisian (n.) An overprecise person; one rigidly or ceremoniously exact in the observance of rules; a formalist; -- formerly applied to the English Puritans.

Precisianism (n.) The quality or state of being a precisian; the practice of a precisian.

Precisianist (n.) A precisian.

Precision (n.) The quality or state of being precise; exact limitation; exactness; accuracy; strict conformity to a rule or a standard; definiteness.

Precisive (a.) Cutting off; (Logic) exactly limiting by cutting off all that is not absolutely relative to the purpose; as, precisive censure; precisive abstraction.

Precluded (imp. & p. p.) of Preclude

Precluding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preclude

Preclude (v.) To put a barrier before; hence, to shut out; to hinder; to stop; to impede.

Preclude (v.) To shut out by anticipative action; to prevent or hinder by necessary consequence or implication; to deter action of, access to, employment of, etc.; to render ineffectual; to obviate by anticipation.

Preclusion (n.) The act of precluding, or the state of being precluded; a shutting out.

Preclusive (a.) Shutting out; precluding, or tending to preclude; hindering.

Precoce (a.) Precocious.

Precoces (n. pl.) Same as Praecoces.

Precocious (a.) Ripe or mature before the proper or natural time; early or prematurely ripe or developed; as, precocious trees.

Precocious (a.) Developed more than is natural or usual at a given age; exceeding what is to be expected of one's years; too forward; -- used especially of mental forwardness; as, a precocious child; precocious talents.

Precociously (adv.) In a precocious manner.

Precociousness (n.) Alt. of Precocity

Precocity (n.) The quality or state of being precocious; untimely ripeness; premature development, especially of the mental powers; forwardness.

Precoetanean (n.) One contemporary with, but older than, another.

Precogitate (v. t.) To cogitate beforehand.

Precogita/tion (n.) Previous cogitation.

Precognition (n.) Previous cognition.

Precognition (n.) A preliminary examination of a criminal case with reference to a prosecution.

Precognizable (a.) Cognizable beforehand.

Precognosce (v. t.) To examine beforehand, as witnesses or evidence.

Precollection (n.) A collection previously made.

Precomposed (imp. & p. p.) of Precompose

Precomposing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Precompose

Precompose (v. t.) To compose beforehand.

Preconceit (n.) An opinion or notion formed beforehand; a preconception.

Preconceived (imp. & p. p.) of Preconceive

Preconceiving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preconceive

Preconceive (v. t.) To conceive, or form an opinion of, beforehand; to form a previous notion or idea of.

Preconception (n.) The act of preconceiving; conception or opinion previously formed.

Preconcerted (imp. & p. p.) of Preconcert

Preconcerting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preconcert

Preconcert (v. t.) To concert or arrange beforehand; to settle by previous agreement.

Preconcert (n.) Something concerted or arranged beforehand; a previous agreement.

Preconcerted (a.) Previously arranged; agreed upon beforehand.

Preconcertion (n.) The act of preconcerting; preconcert.

Precondemn (v. t.) To condemn beforehand.

Precondition (n.) A previous or antecedent condition; a preliminary condition.

Preconform (v. t. & i.) To conform by way anticipation.

Preconformity (n.) Anticipative or antecedent conformity.

Preconizate (v. t.) To proclaim; to publish; also, to summon; to call.

Preconization (n.) A publishing by proclamation; a public proclamation.

Preconization (n.) A formal approbation by the pope of a person nominated to an ecclesiastical dignity.

Preconize (v. t.) To approve by preconization.

Preconquer (v. t.) To conquer in anticipation.

Preconscious (a.) Of or pertaining to a state before consciousness.

Preconsent (n.) A previous consent.

Preconsigned (imp. & p. p.) of Preconsign

Preconsigning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preconsign

Preconsign (v. t.) To consign beforehand; to make a previous consignment of.

Preconsolidated (a.) Consolidated beforehand.

Preconstitute (v. t.) To constitute or establish beforehand.

Precontracted (imp. & p. p.) of Precontract

Precontracting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Precontract

Precontract (v. t.) To contract, engage, or stipulate previously.

Precontract (v. i.) To make a previous contract or agreement.

Precontract (n.) A contract preceding another

Precontract (n.) a contract of marriage which, according to the ancient law, rendered void a subsequent marriage solemnized in violation of it.

Precontrive (v. t. & i.) To contrive or plan beforehand.

Precoracoid (n.) The anterior part of the coracoid (often closely united with the clavicle) in the shoulder girdle of many reptiles and amphibians.

Precordial (a.) Situated in front of the heart; of or pertaining to the praecordia.

Precrural (a.) Situated in front of the leg or thigh; as, the precrural glands of the horse.

Precurrer (n.) A precursor.

Precurse (n.) A forerunning.

Precursive (a.) Preceding; introductory; precursory.

Precursor (n.) One who, or that which, precedes an event, and indicates its approach; a forerunner; a harbinger.

Precursorship (n.) The position or condition of a precursor.

Precursory (a.) Preceding as a precursor or harbinger; indicating something to follow; as, precursory symptoms of a fever.

Precursory (n.) An introduction.

Predacean (n.) A carnivorous animal.

Predaceous (a.) Living by prey; predatory.

Predal (a.) Of or pertaining to prey; plundering; predatory.

Predate (v. t.) To date anticipation; to affix to (a document) an earlier than the actual date; to antedate; as, a predated deed or letter.

Predation (n.) The act of pillaging.

Predatorily (adv.) In a predatory manner.

Predatory (a.) Characterized by plundering; practicing rapine; plundering; pillaging; as, a predatory excursion; a predatory party.

Predatory (a.) Hungry; ravenous; as, predatory spirits.

Predatory (a.) Living by preying upon other animals; carnivorous.

Prede (v. i.) To prey; to plunder.

Prede (n.) Prey; plunder; booty.

Predecay (n.) Premature decay.

Predecease (v. t.) To die sooner than.

Predecease (n.) The death of one person or thing before another.

Predecessive (a.) Going before; preceding.

Predecessor (n.) One who precedes; one who has preceded another in any state, position, office, etc.; one whom another follows or comes after, in any office or position.

Predeclare (v. t.) To declare or announce beforehand; to preannounce.

Prededication (n.) A dedication made previously or beforehand.

Predefine (v. t.) To define beforehand.

Predeliberation (n.) Previous deliberation.

Predelineation (n.) Previous delineation.

Predella (n.) The step, or raised secondary part, of an altar; a superaltar; hence, in Italian painting, a band or frieze of several pictures running along the front of a superaltar, or forming a border or frame at the foot of an altarpiece.

Predesign (v. t.) To design or purpose beforehand; to predetermine.

Predesignate (a.) A term used by Sir William Hamilton to define propositions having their quantity indicated by a verbal sign; as, all, none, etc.; -- contrasted with preindesignate, defining propositions of which the quantity is not so indicated.

Predestinarian (a.) Of or pertaining to predestination; as, the predestinarian controversy.

Predestinarian (n.) One who believes in or supports the doctrine of predestination.

Predestinarianism (n.) The system or doctrine of the predestinarians.

Predestinary (a.) Predestinarian.

Predestinate (a.) Predestinated; foreordained; fated.

Predestinated (imp. & p. p.) of Predestinate

Predestinating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Predestinate

Predestinate (v. t.) To predetermine or foreordain; to appoint or ordain beforehand by an unchangeable purpose or decree; to preelect.

Predestination (n.) The act of predestinating.

Predestination (n.) The purpose of Good from eternity respecting all events; especially, the preordination of men to everlasting happiness or misery. See Calvinism.

Predestinative (a.) Determining beforehand; predestinating.

Predestinator (n.) One who predestinates, or foreordains.

Predestinator (n.) One who holds to the doctrine of predestination; a predestinarian.

Predestined (imp. & p. p.) of Predestine

Predestining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Predestine

Predestine (v. t.) To decree beforehand; to foreordain; to predestinate.

Predestiny (n.) Predestination.

Predeterminable (a.) Capable of being determined beforehand.

Predeterminate (a.) Determined beforehand; as, the predeterminate counsel of God.

Predetermination (n.) The act of previous determination; a purpose formed beforehand; as, the predetermination of God's will.

Predetermined (imp. & p. p.) of Predetermine

Predermining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Predetermine

Predetermine (v. t.) To determine (something) beforehand.

Predetermine (v. t.) To doom by previous decree; to foredoom.

Predetermine (v. i.) To determine beforehand.

Predial (a.) Consisting of land or farms; landed; as, predial estate; that is, real estate.

Predial (a.) Attached to land or farms; as, predial slaves.

Predial (a.) Issuing or derived from land; as, predial tithes.

Prediastolic (a.) Preceding the diastole of the heart; as, a prediastolic friction sound.

Predicability (n.) The quality or state of being predicable, or affirmable of something, or attributed to something.

Predicable (a.) Capable of being predicated or affirmed of something; affirmable; attributable.

Predicable (n.) Anything affirmable of another; especially, a general attribute or notion as affirmable of, or applicable to, many individuals.

Predicable (n.) One of the five most general relations of attributes involved in logical arrangements, namely, genus, species, difference, property, and accident.

Predicament (n.) A class or kind described by any definite marks; hence, condition; particular situation or state; especially, an unfortunate or trying position or condition.

Predicament (n.) See Category.

Predicamental (a.) Of or pertaining to a predicament.

Predicant (a.) Predicating; affirming; declaring; proclaiming; hence; preaching.

Predicant (n.) One who predicates, affirms, or proclaims; specifically, a preaching friar; a Dominican.

Predicated (imp. & p. p.) of Predicate

Predicating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Predicate

Predicate (v. t.) To assert to belong to something; to affirm (one thing of another); as, to predicate whiteness of snow.

Predicate (v. t.) To found; to base.

Predicate (v. i.) To affirm something of another thing; to make an affirmation.

Predicate (v. t.) That which is affirmed or denied of the subject. In these propositions, "Paper is white," "Ink is not white," whiteness is the predicate affirmed of paper and denied of ink.

Predicate (v. t.) The word or words in a proposition which express what is affirmed of the subject.

Predicate (a.) Predicated.

Predication (n.) The act of predicating, or of affirming one thing of another; affirmation; assertion.

Predication (n.) Preaching.

Predicative (a.) Expressing affirmation or predication; affirming; predicating, as, a predicative term.

Predicatory (a.) Affirmative; positive.

Predicrotic (a.) A term applied to the pulse wave sometimes seen in a pulse curve or sphygmogram, between the apex of the curve and the dicrotic wave.

Predicted (imp. & p. p.) of Predict

Predicting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Predict

Predict (v. t.) To tell or declare beforehand; to foretell; to prophesy; to presage; as, to predict misfortune; to predict the return of a comet.

Predict (n.) A prediction.

Predictable (a.) That may be predicted.

Prediction (n.) The act of foretelling; also, that which is foretold; prophecy.

Predictional (a.) Prophetic; prognostic.

Predictive (a.) Foretelling; prophetic; foreboding.

Predictor (n.) One who predicts; a foreteller.

Predictory (a.) Predictive.

Predigest (v. t.) To subject (food) to predigestion or artificial digestion.

Predigestion (n.) Digestion too soon performed; hasty digestion.

Predigestion (n.) Artificial digestion of food for use in illness or impaired digestion.

Predilect (v. t.) To elect or choose beforehand.

Predilection (n.) A previous liking; a prepossession of mind in favor of something; predisposition to choose or like; partiality.

Prediscover (v. t.) To discover beforehand.

Prediscovery (n.) A previous discovery.

Predisponency (n.) The state of being predisposed; predisposition.

Predisponent (a.) Disposing beforehand; predisposing.

Predisponent (n.) That which predisposes.

Predisposed (imp. & p. p.) of Predispose

Predisposing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Predispose

Predispose (v. t.) To dispose or incline beforehand; to give a predisposition or bias to; as, to predispose the mind to friendship.

Predispose (v. t.) To make fit or susceptible beforehand; to give a tendency to; as, debility predisposes the body to disease.

Predisposition (n.) The act of predisposing, or the state of being predisposed; previous inclination, tendency, or propensity; predilection; -- applied to the mind; as, a predisposition to anger.

Predisposition (n.) Previous fitness or adaptation to any change, impression, or purpose; susceptibility; -- applied to material things; as, the predisposition of the body to disease.

Predominance (n.) The quality or state of being predominant; superiority; ascendency; prevalence; predomination.

Predominance (n.) The superior influence of a planet.

Predominancy (n.) Predominance.

Predominant (a.) Having the ascendency over others; superior in strength, influence, or authority; prevailing; as, a predominant color; predominant excellence.

Predominantly (adv.) In a predominant manner.

Predominated (imp. & p. p.) of Predominate

Predominating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Predominate

Predominate (v. i.) To be superior in number, strength, influence, or authority; to have controlling power or influence; to prevail; to rule; to have the mastery; as, love predominated in her heart.

Predominate (v. t.) To rule over; to overpower.

Predomination (n.) The act or state of predominating; ascendency; predominance.

Predoom (v. t.) To foredoom.

Predorsal (a.) Situated in front of the back; immediately in front, or on the ventral side the dorsal part of the vertebral column.

Predy (a.) Cleared and ready for engagement, as a ship.

Preedy (adv.) With ease.

Preef (n.) Proof.

Preelect (v. t.) To elect beforehand.

Preelection (n.) Election beforehand.

Preeminence (n.) The quality or state of being preeminent; superiority in prominence or in excellence; distinction above others in quality, rank, etc.; rarely, in a bad sense, superiority or notoriety in evil; as, preeminence in honor.

Preeminent (a.) Eminent above others; prominent among those who are eminent; superior in excellence; surpassing, or taking precedence of, others; rarely, surpassing others in evil, or in bad qualities; as, preeminent in guilt.

Preeminently (adv.) In a preeminent degree.

Preemploy (v. t.) To employ beforehand.

Preempted (imp. & p. p.) of Preempt

Preempting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preempt

Preempt (v. t. & i.) To settle upon (public land) with a right of preemption, as under the laws of the United States; to take by preemption.

Preemption (n.) The act or right of purchasing before others.

Preemption (n.) The privilege or prerogative formerly enjoyed by the king of buying provisions for his household in preference to others.

Preemption (n.) The right of an actual settler upon public lands (particularly those of the United States) to purchase a certain portion at a fixed price in preference to all other applicants.

Preemptioner (n.) One who holds a prior to purchase certain public land.

Preemptive (a.) Of or pertaining to preemption; having power to preempt; preempting.

Preemtor (n.) One who preempts; esp., one who preempts public land.

Preemptory (a.) Pertaining to preemption.

Preen (n.) A forked tool used by clothiers in dressing cloth.

Preened (imp. & p. p.) of Preen

Preening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preen

Preen (n.) To dress with, or as with, a preen; to trim or dress with the beak, as the feathers; -- said of birds.

Preen (n.) To trim up, as trees.

Preengaged (imp. & p. p.) of Preengage

Preengaging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preengage

Preengage (v. t.) To engage by previous contract; to bind or attach previously; to preoccupy.

Preengagement (n.) Prior engagement, obligation, or attachment, as by contract, promise, or affection.

Preerect (v. t.) To erect beforehand.

Prees (n.) Press; throng.

Preestablish (v. t.) To establish beforehand.

Preestablishment (n.) Settlement beforehand.

Preeternity (n.) Infinite previous duration.

Preexamination (n.) Previous examination.

Preexamined (imp. & p. p.) of Preexamine

Preexamining (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preexamine

Preexamine (v. t.) To examine beforehand.

Preexisted (imp. & p. p.) of Preexist

Preexisting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preexist

Preexist (v. i.) To exist previously; to exist before something else.

Preexistence (n.) Existence in a former state, or previous to something else.

Preexistence (n.) Existence of the soul before its union with the body; -- a doctrine held by certain philosophers.

Preexistency (n.) Preexistence.

Preexistent (a.) Existing previously; preceding existence; as, a preexistent state.

Preexistentism (n.) The theory of a preexistence of souls before their association with human bodies.

Preexistimation (n.) Previous esteem or estimation.

Preexpectation (n.) Previous expectation.

Preface (n.) Something spoken as introductory to a discourse, or written as introductory to a book or essay; a proem; an introduction, or series of preliminary remarks.

Preface (n.) The prelude or introduction to the canon of the Mass.

Prefaced (imp. & p. p.) of Preface

Prefacing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preface

Preface (v. t.) To introduce by a preface; to give a preface to; as, to preface a book discourse.

Preface (v. i.) To make a preface.

Prefacer (n.) The writer of a preface.

Prefatorial (a.) Prefatory.

Prefatorily (adv.) In a prefatory manner; by way of preface.

Prefatory (a.) Pertaining to, or of the nature of, a preface; introductory to a book, essay, or discourse; as, prefatory remarks.

Prefect (n.) A Roman officer who controlled or superintended a particular command, charge, department, etc.; as, the prefect of the aqueducts; the prefect of a camp, of a fleet, of the city guard, of provisions; the pretorian prefect, who was commander of the troops guarding the emperor's person.

Prefect (n.) A superintendent of a department who has control of its police establishment, together with extensive powers of municipal regulation.

Prefect (n.) In the Greek and Roman Catholic churches, a title of certain dignitaries below the rank of bishop.

Prefectorial (a.) Of or pertaining to a prefect.

Prefectship (n.) The office or jurisdiction of a prefect.

Prefecture (n.) The office, position, or jurisdiction of a prefect; also, his official residence.

Prefecundation (n.) A term collectively applied to the changes or conditions preceding fecundation, especially to the changes which the ovum undergoes before fecundation.

Prefecundatory (a.) Of or pertaining to prefecundation.

Preferred (imp. & p. p.) of Prefer

Preferring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prefer

Prefer (v. t.) To carry or bring (something) forward, or before one; hence, to bring for consideration, acceptance, judgment, etc.; to offer; to present; to proffer; to address; -- said especially of a request, prayer, petition, claim, charge, etc.

Prefer (v. t.) To go before, or be before, in estimation; to outrank; to surpass.

Prefer (v. t.) To cause to go before; hence, to advance before others, as to an office or dignity; to raise; to exalt; to promote; as, to prefer an officer to the rank of general.

Prefer (v. t.) To set above or before something else in estimation, favor, or liking; to regard or honor before another; to hold in greater favor; to choose rather; -- often followed by to, before, or above.

Preferability (n.) The quality or state of being preferable; preferableness.

Preferable (a.) Worthy to be preferred or chosen before something else; more desirable; as, a preferable scheme.

Preferableness (n.) The quality or state of being preferable.

Preferably (adv.) In preference; by choice.

Preference (n.) The act of Preferring, or the state of being preferred; the setting of one thing before another; precedence; higher estimation; predilection; choice; also, the power or opportunity of choosing; as, to give him his preference.

Preference (n.) That which is preferred; the object of choice or superior favor; as, which is your preference?

Preferential (a.) Giving, indicating, or having a preference or precedence; as, a preferential claim; preferential shares.

Preferment (n.) The act of choosing, or the state of being chosen; preference.

Preferment (n.) The act of preferring, or advancing in dignity or office; the state of being advanced; promotion.

Preferment (n.) A position or office of honor or profit; as, the preferments of the church.

Preferrer (n.) One who prefers.

Prefidence (n.) The quality or state of being prefident.

Prefident (a.) Trusting beforehand; hence, overconfident.

Prefigurate (v. t.) To prefigure.

Prefiguration (n.) The act of prefiguring, or the state of being prefigured.

Prefigurative (a.) Showing by prefiguration.

Prefigured (imp. & p. p.) of Prefigure

Prefiguring (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prefigure

Prefigure (v. t.) To show, suggest, or announce, by antecedent types and similitudes; to foreshadow.

Prefigurement (n.) The act of prefiguring; prefiguration; also, that which is prefigured.

Prefine (v. t.) To limit beforehand.

Prefinite (a.) Prearranged.

Prefinition (n.) Previous limitation.

Prefixed (imp. & p. p.) of Prefix

Prefixing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prefix

Prefix (v. t.) To put or fix before, or at the beginning of, another thing; as, to prefix a syllable to a word, or a condition to an agreement.

Prefix (v. t.) To set or appoint beforehand; to settle or establish antecedently.

Prefix (n.) That which is prefixed; esp., one or more letters or syllables combined or united with the beginning of a word to modify its signification; as, pre- in prefix, con- in conjure.

Prefixion (n.) The act of prefixing.

Prefloration (n.) Aestivation.

Prefoliation (n.) Vernation.

Preform (v. t.) To form beforehand, or for special ends.

Preformation (n.) An old theory of the preexistence of germs. Cf. Embo/tement.

Preformative (n.) A formative letter at the beginning of a word.

Prefrontal (a.) Situated in front of the frontal bone, or the frontal region of the skull; ectethmoid, as a certain bone in the nasal capsule of many animals, and certain scales of reptiles and fishes.

Prefrontal (n.) A prefrontal bone or scale.

Prefulgency (n.) Superior brightness or effulgency.

Pregage (v. t.) To preengage.

Preglacial (a.) Prior to the glacial or drift period.

Pregnable (a.) Capable of being entered, taken, or captured; expugnable; as, a pregnable fort.

Pregnance (n.) Pregnancy.

Pregnancy (n.) The condition of being pregnant; the state of being with young.

Pregnancy (n.) Figuratively: The quality of being heavy with important contents, issue, significance, etc.; unusual consequence or capacity; fertility.

Pregnant (a.) Being with young, as a female; having conceived; great with young; breeding; teeming; gravid; preparing to bring forth.

Pregnant (a.) Heavy with important contents, significance, or issue; full of consequence or results; weighty; as, pregnant replies.

Pregnant (a.) Full of promise; abounding in ability, resources, etc.; as, a pregnant youth.

Pregnant (n.) A pregnant woman.

Pregnant (a.) Affording entrance; receptive; yielding; willing; open; prompt.

Pregnantly (adv.) In a pregnant manner; fruitfully; significantly.

Pregnantly (adv.) Unresistingly; openly; hence, clearly; evidently.

Pregravate (v. t.) To bear down; to depress.

Pregravitate (v. i.) To descend by gravity; to sink.

Pregustant (a.) Tasting beforehand; having a foretaste.

Pregustation (n.) The act of tasting beforehand; foretaste.

Prehallux (n.) An extra first toe, or rudiment of a toe, on the preaxial side of the hallux.

Prehend (v. t.) To lay hold of; to seize.

Prehensi-ble (a.) Capable of being seized.

Prehensile (n.) Adapted to seize or grasp; seizing; grasping; as, the prehensile tail of a monkey.

Prehension (n.) The act of taking hold, seizing, or grasping, as with the hand or other member.

Prehensory (a.) Adapted to seize or grasp; prehensile.

Prehistoric (a.) Of or pertaining to a period before written history begins; as, the prehistoric ages; prehistoric man.

Prehnite (n.) A pale green mineral occurring in crystalline aggregates having a botryoidal or mammillary structure, and rarely in distinct crystals. It is a hydrous silicate of alumina and lime.

Prehnitic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, a tetrabasic acid of benzene obtained as a white crystalline substance; -- probably so called from the resemblance of the wartlike crystals to the mammillae on the surface of prehnite.

Preindesignate (a.) Having no sign expressive of quantity; indefinite. See Predesignate.

Preindispose (v. t.) To render indisposed beforehand.

Preinstructed (imp. & p. p.) of Preinstruct

Preinstructing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preinstruct

Preinstruct (v. t.) To instruct previously or beforehand.

Preintimation (n.) Previous intimation; a suggestion beforehand.

Prejudged (imp. & p. p.) of Prejudge

Prejudging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prejudge

Prejudge (v. t.) To judge before hearing, or before full and sufficient examination; to decide or sentence by anticipation; to condemn beforehand.

Prejudgment (n.) The act of prejudging; decision before sufficient examination.

Prejudicacy (n.) Prejudice; prepossession.

Prejudical (a.) Of or pertaining to the determination of some matter not previously decided; as, a prejudical inquiry or action at law.

Prejudicant (a.) Influenced by prejudice; biased.

Prejudicate (a.) Formed before due examination.

Prejudicate (a.) Biased by opinions formed prematurely; prejudiced.

Prejudicated (imp. & p. p.) of Prejudicate

Prejudicating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prejudicate

Prejudicate (v. t.) To determine beforehand, especially to disadvantage; to prejudge.

Prejudicate (v. i.) To prejudge.

Prejudicately (adv.) With prejudice.

Prejudication (n.) The act of prejudicating, or of judging without due examination of facts and evidence; prejudgment.

Prejudication (n.) A preliminary inquiry and determination about something which belongs to a matter in dispute.

Prejudication (n.) A previous treatment and decision of a point; a precedent.

Prejudicative (a.) Forming a judgment without due examination; prejudging.

Prejudice (n.) Foresight.

Prejudice (n.) An opinion or judgment formed without due examination; prejudgment; a leaning toward one side of a question from other considerations than those belonging to it; an unreasonable predilection for, or objection against, anything; especially, an opinion or leaning adverse to anything, without just grounds, or before sufficient knowledge.

Prejudice (n.) A bias on the part of judge, juror, or witness which interferes with fairness of judgment.

Prejudice (n.) Mischief; hurt; damage; injury; detriment.

Prejudiced (imp. & p. p.) of Prejudice

Prejudicing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prejudice

Prejudice (n.) To cause to have prejudice; to prepossess with opinions formed without due knowledge or examination; to bias the mind of, by hasty and incorrect notions; to give an unreasonable bent to, as to one side or the other of a cause; as, to prejudice a critic or a juryman.

Prejudice (n.) To obstruct or injure by prejudices, or by previous bias of the mind; hence, generally, to hurt; to damage; to injure; to impair; as, to prejudice a good cause.

Prejudicial (a.) Biased, possessed, or blinded by prejudices; as, to look with a prejudicial eye.

Prejudicial (a.) Tending to obstruct or impair; hurtful; injurious; disadvantageous; detrimental.

Preknowledge (n.) Prior knowledge.

Prelacies (pl. ) of Prelacy

Prelacy (n.) The office or dignity of a prelate; church government by prelates.

Prelacy (n.) The order of prelates, taken collectively; the body of ecclesiastical dignitaries.

Prelal (a.) Of or pertaining to printing; typographical.

Prelate (n.) A clergyman of a superior order, as an archbishop or a bishop, having authority over the lower clergy; a dignitary of the church.

Prelate (v. i.) To act as a prelate.

Prelateity (n.) Prelacy.

Prelateship (n.) The office of a prelate.

Prelatess (n.) A woman who is a prelate; the wife of a prelate.

Prelatial (a.) Prelatical.

Prelatic (a.) Alt. of Prelatical

Prelatical (a.) Of or pertaining to prelates or prelacy; as, prelatical authority.

Prelatically (adv.) In a prelatical manner; with reference to prelates.

Prelation (n.) The setting of one above another; preference.

Prelatism (n.) Prelacy; episcopacy.

Prelatist (n.) One who supports of advocates prelacy, or the government of the church by prelates; hence, a high-churchman.

Prelatized (imp. & p. p.) of Prelatize

Prelatizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prelatize

Prelatize (v. t.) To bring under the influence of prelacy.

Prelatize (v. i.) To uphold or encourage prelacy; to exercise prelatical functions.

Prelatry (n.) Prelaty; prelacy.

Prelature (n.) Alt. of Prelatureship

Prelatureship (n.) The state or dignity of a prelate; prelacy.

Prelaty (n.) Prelacy.

Prelected (imp. & p. p.) of Prelect

Prelecting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prelect

Prelect (v. t.) To read publicly, as a lecture or discourse.

Prelect (v. i.) To discourse publicly; to lecture.

Prelection (n.) A lecture or discourse read in public or to a select company.

Prelector (n.) A reader of lectures or discourses; a lecturer.

Prelibation (n.) A tasting beforehand, or by anticipation; a foretaste; as, a prelibation of heavenly bliss.

Prelibation (n.) A pouring out, or libation, before tasting.

Preliminarily (adv.) In a preliminary manner.

Preliminary (a.) Introductory; previous; preceding the main discourse or business; prefatory; as, preliminary observations to a discourse or book; preliminary articles to a treaty; preliminary measures; preliminary examinations.

Preliminaries (pl. ) of Preliminary

Preliminary (n.) That which precedes the main discourse, work, design, or business; something introductory or preparatory; as, the preliminaries to a negotiation or duel; to take one's preliminaries the year before entering college.

Prelimit (v. t.) To limit previously.

Prelook (v. i.) To look forward.

Prelude (v. t.) An introductory performance, preceding and preparing for the principal matter; a preliminary part, movement, strain, etc.; especially (Mus.), a strain introducing the theme or chief subject; a movement introductory to a fugue, yet independent; -- with recent composers often synonymous with overture.

Preluded (imp. & p. p.) of Prelude

Preluding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prelude

Prelude (v. i.) To play an introduction or prelude; to give a prefatory performance; to serve as prelude.

Prelude (v. t.) To introduce with a previous performance; to play or perform a prelude to; as, to prelude a concert with a lively air.

Prelude (v. t.) To serve as prelude to; to precede as introductory.

Preluder (n.) One who, or that which, preludes; one who plays a prelude.

Preludial (a.) Of or pertaining to a prelude; of the nature of a prelude; introductory.

Preludious (a.) Preludial.

Prelumbar (a.) Situated immediately in front of the loins; -- applied to the dorsal part of the abdomen.

Prelusive (a.) Of the nature of a prelude; introductory; indicating that something of a like kind is to follow.

Prelusorily (adv.) In a prelusory way.

Prelusory (a.) Introductory; prelusive.

Premature (a.) Mature or ripe before the proper time; as, the premature fruits of a hotbed.

Premature (a.) Happening, arriving, existing, or performed before the proper or usual time; adopted too soon; too early; untimely; as, a premature fall of snow; a premature birth; a premature opinion; premature decay.

Premature (a.) Arriving or received without due authentication or evidence; as, a premature report.

Prematurity (n.) The quality or state of being premature; early, or untimely, ripeness; as, the prematurity of genius.

Premaxillae (pl. ) of Premaxilla

Premaxilla (n.) A bone on either side of the middle line between the nose and mouth, forming the anterior part of each half of the upper jawbone; the intermaxilla. In man the premaxillae become united and form the incisor part of the maxillary bone.

Premaxillary (a.) Situated in front of the maxillary bones; pertaining to the premaxillae; intermaxillary.

Premaxillary (n.) A premaxilla.

Premediate (v. t.) To advocate.

Premeditated (imp. & p. p.) of Premeditate

Premeditating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Premeditate

Premeditate (v. t.) To think on, and revolve in the mind, beforehand; to contrive and design previously; as, to premeditate robbery.

Premeditate (v. i.) To think, consider, deliberate, or revolve in the mind, beforehand.

Premeditate (a.) Premeditated; deliberate.

Premeditately (adv.) With premeditation.

Premeditation (n.) The act of meditating or contriving beforehand; previous deliberation; forethought.

Premerit (v. t.) To merit or deserve beforehand.

Premial (a.) Alt. of Premiant

Premiant (a.) Serving to reward; rewarding.

Premices (n. pl.) First fruits.

Premier (a.) First; chief; principal; as, the premier place; premier minister.

Premier (a.) Most ancient; -- said of the peer bearing the oldest title of his degree.

Premier (n.) The first minister of state; the prime minister.

Premiership (n.) The office of the premier.

Premillennial (a.) Previous to the millennium.

Premious (a.) Rich in gifts.

Premises (pl. ) of Premise

Premise (n.) A proposition antecedently supposed or proved; something previously stated or assumed as the basis of further argument; a condition; a supposition.

Premise (n.) Either of the first two propositions of a syllogism, from which the conclusion is drawn.

Premise (n.) Matters previously stated or set forth; esp., that part in the beginning of a deed, the office of which is to express the grantor and grantee, and the land or thing granted or conveyed, and all that precedes the habendum; the thing demised or granted.

Premise (n.) A piece of real estate; a building and its adjuncts; as, to lease premises; to trespass on another's premises.

Premised (imp. & p. p.) of Premise

Premising (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Premise

Premise (n.) To send before the time, or beforehand; hence, to cause to be before something else; to employ previously.

Premise (n.) To set forth beforehand, or as introductory to the main subject; to offer previously, as something to explain or aid in understanding what follows; especially, to lay down premises or first propositions, on which rest the subsequent reasonings.

Premise (v. i.) To make a premise; to set forth something as a premise.

Premiss (n.) Premise.

Premit (v. t.) To premise.

Premiums (pl. ) of Premium

Premium (n.) A reward or recompense; a prize to be won by being before another, or others, in a competition; reward or prize to be adjudged; a bounty; as, a premium for good behavior or scholarship, for discoveries, etc.

Premium (n.) Something offered or given for the loan of money; bonus; -- sometimes synonymous with interest, but generally signifying a sum in addition to the capital.

Premium (n.) A sum of money paid to underwriters for insurance, or for undertaking to indemnify for losses of any kind.

Premium (n.) A sum in advance of, or in addition to, the nominal or par value of anything; as, gold was at a premium; he sold his stock at a premium.

Premolar (a.) Situated in front of the molar teeth.

Premolar (n.) An anterior molar tooth which has replaced a deciduous molar. See Tooth.

Premonished (imp. & p. p.) of Premonish

Premonishing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Premonish

Premonish (v. t.) To forewarn; to admonish beforehand.

Premonishment (n.) Previous warning or admonition; forewarning.

Premonition (n.) Previous warning, notice, or information; forewarning; as, a premonition of danger.

Premonitor (n.) One who, or that which, gives premonition.

Premonitory (a.) Giving previous warning or notice; as, premonitory symptoms of disease.

Premonstrant (n.) A Premonstratensian.

Premonstrate (v. t.) To show beforehand; to foreshow.

Premonstratensian (n.) One of a religious order of regular canons founded by St. Norbert at Premontre, in France, in 1119. The members of the order are called also White Canons, Norbertines, and Premonstrants.

Premonstration (n.) A showing beforehand; foreshowing.

Premonstrator (n.) One who, or that which, premonstrates.

Premorse (a.) Terminated abruptly, or as it bitten off.

Premosaic (a.) Relating to the time before Moses; as, premosaic history.

Premotion (n.) Previous motion or excitement to action.

Premunire (n.) See Praemunire.

Premunite (v. t.) To fortify beforehand; to guard against objection.

Premunition (n.) The act of fortifying or guarding against objections.

Premunitory (a.) Of or pertaining to a premunire; as, a premunitory process.

Prenasal (a.) Situated in front of the nose, or in front of the nasal chambers.

Prenatal (a.) Being or happening before birth.

Prender (n.) The power or right of taking a thing before it is offered.

Prenomen (n.) See Praenomen.

Prenominal (a.) Serving as a prefix in a compound name.

Prenominate (a.) Forenamed; named beforehand.

Prenominate (v. t.) To forename; to name beforehand; to tell by name beforehand.

Prenomination (n.) The act of prenominating; privilege of being named first.

Prenostic (n.) A prognostic; an omen.

Prenote (v. t.) To note or designate beforehand.

Prenotion (n.) A notice or notion which precedes something else in time; previous notion or thought; foreknowledge.

Prensation (n.) The act of seizing with violence.

Prentice (n.) An apprentice.

Prenticehood (n.) Apprenticehood.

Prenticeship (n.) Apprenticeship.

Prenunciation (n.) The act of announcing or proclaiming beforehand.

Prenuncious (a.) Announcing beforehand; presaging.

Preoblongata (n.) The anterior part of the medulla oblongata.

Preobtain (v. t.) To obtain beforehand.

Preoccupancy (n.) The act or right of taking possession before another; as, the preoccupancy of wild land.

Preoccupate (v. t.) To anticipate; to take before.

Preoccupate (v. t.) To prepossess; to prejudice.

Preoccupation (n.) The act of preoccupying, or taking possession of beforehand; the state of being preoccupied; prepossession.

Preoccupation (n.) Anticipation of objections.

Preoccupied (imp. & p. p.) of Preoccupy

Preoccupying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preoccupy

Preoccupy (v. t.) To take possession of before another; as, to preoccupy a country not before held.

Preoccupy (v. t.) To prepossess; to engage, occupy, or engross the attention of, beforehand; hence, to prejudice.

Preocular (a.) Placed just in front of the eyes, as the antennae of certain insects.

Preocular (n.) One of the scales just in front of the eye of a reptile or fish.

Preominate (v. t.) To ominate beforehand; to portend.

Preopercular (a.) Situated in front of the operculum; pertaining to the preoperculum.

Preopercular (n.) The preoperculum.

Preoperculum (n.) The anterior opercular bone in fishes.

Preopinion (n.) Opinion previously formed; prepossession; prejudice.

Preoption (n.) Right of first choice.

Preoral (a.) Situated in front of, or anterior to, the mouth; as, preoral bands.

Preorbital (a.) Situated in front or the orbit.

Preordain (v. t.) To ordain or appoint beforehand: to predetermine: to foreordain.

Preorder (v. t.) To order to arrange beforehand; to foreordain.

Preordinance (n.) Antecedent decree or determination.

Preordinate (a.) Preordained.

Preordination (n.) The act of foreordaining: previous determination.

Preparable (a.) Capable of being prepared.

Preparation (n.) The act of preparing or fitting beforehand for a particular purpose, use, service, or condition; previous arrangement or adaptation; a making ready; as, the preparation of land for a crop of wheat; the preparation of troops for a campaign.

Preparation (n.) The state of being prepared or made ready; preparedness; readiness; fitness; as, a nation in good preparation for war.

Preparation (n.) That which makes ready, prepares the way, or introduces; a preparatory act or measure.

Preparation (n.) That which is prepared, made, or compounded by a certain process or for a particular purpose; a combination. Specifically: (a) Any medicinal substance fitted for use. (b) Anything treated for preservation or examination as a specimen. (c) Something prepared for use in cookery.

Preparation (n.) An army or fleet.

Preparation (n.) The holding over of a note from one chord into the next chord, where it forms a temporary discord, until resolved in the chord that follows; the anticipation of a discordant note in the preceding concord, so that the ear is prepared for the shock. See Suspension.

Preparation (n.) Accomplishment; qualification.

Preparative (a.) Tending to prepare or make ready; having the power of preparing, qualifying, or fitting; preparatory.

Preparative (n.) That which has the power of preparing, or previously fitting for a purpose; that which prepares.

Preparative (n.) That which is done in the way of preparation.

Preparatively (adv.) By way of preparation.

Preparator (n.) One who prepares beforehand, as subjects for dissection, specimens for preservation in collections, etc.

Preparatory (a.) Preparing the way for anything by previous measures of adaptation; antecedent and adapted to what follows; introductory; preparative; as, a preparatory school; a preparatory condition.

Prepare/ (imp. & p. p.) of Prepare

Preparing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prepare

Prepare (v. t.) To fit, adapt, or qualify for a particular purpose or condition; to make ready; to put into a state for use or application; as, to prepare ground for seed; to prepare a lesson.

Prepare (v. t.) To procure as suitable or necessary; to get ready; to provide; as, to prepare ammunition and provisions for troops; to prepare ships for defence; to prepare an entertainment.

Prepare (v. i.) To make all things ready; to put things in order; as, to prepare for a hostile invasion.

Prepare (v. i.) To make one's self ready; to get ready; to take the necessary previous measures; as, to prepare for death.

Prepare (n.) Preparation.

Prepared (a.) Made fit or suitable; adapted; ready; as, prepared food; prepared questions.

Preparer (n.) One who, or that which, prepares, fits, or makes ready.

Prepaid (imp. & p. p.) of Prepay

Prepaying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prepay

Prepay (v. t.) To pay in advance, or beforehand; as, to prepay postage.

Prepayment (n.) Payment in advance.

Prepenial (a.) Situated in front of, or anterior to, the penis.

Prepense (v. t.) To weigh or consider beforehand; to premeditate.

Prepense (v. i.) To deliberate beforehand.

Prepense (v. t.) Devised, contrived, or planned beforehand; preconceived; premeditated; aforethought; -- usually placed after the word it qualifies; as, malice prepense.

Prepensely (adv.) In a premeditated manner.

Prepollence (n.) Alt. of Prepollency

Prepollency (n.) The quality or state of being prepollent; superiority of power; predominance; prevalence.

Prepollent (a.) Having superior influence or power; prevailing; predominant.

Prepollices (pl. ) of Prepollent

Prepollent (n.) An extra first digit, or rudiment of a digit, on the preaxial side of the pollex.

Preponder (v. t.) To preponderate.

Preponderance (n.) Alt. of Preponderancy

Preponderancy (n.) The quality or state of being preponderant; superiority or excess of weight, influence, or power, etc.; an outweighing.

Preponderancy (n.) The excess of weight of that part of a canon behind the trunnions over that in front of them.

Preponderant (a.) Preponderating; outweighing; overbalancing; -- used literally and figuratively; as, a preponderant weight; of preponderant importance.

Preponderated (imp. & p. p.) of Preponderate

Preponderating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preponderate

Preponderate (v. t.) To outweigh; to overpower by weight; to exceed in weight; to overbalance.

Preponderate (v. t.) To overpower by stronger or moral power.

Preponderate (v. t.) To cause to prefer; to incline; to decide.

Preponderate (v. i.) To exceed in weight; hence, to incline or descend, as the scale of a balance; figuratively, to exceed in influence, power, etc.; hence; to incline to one side; as, the affirmative side preponderated.

Preponderatingly (adv.) In a preponderating manner; preponderantly.

Preponderation (n.) The act or state of preponderating; preponderance; as, a preponderation of reasons.

Prepose (v. t.) To place or set before; to prefix.

Preposition (n.) A word employed to connect a noun or a pronoun, in an adjectival or adverbial sense, with some other word; a particle used with a noun or pronoun (in English always in the objective case) to make a phrase limiting some other word; -- so called because usually placed before the word with which it is phrased; as, a bridge of iron; he comes from town; it is good for food; he escaped by running.

Preposition (n.) A proposition; an exposition; a discourse.

Prepositional (a.) Of or pertaining to a preposition; of the nature of a preposition.

Prepositive (a.) Put before; prefixed; as, a prepositive particle.

Prepositive (n.) A prepositive word.

Prepositor (n.) A scholar appointed to inspect other scholars; a monitor.

Prepositure (n.) The office or dignity of a provost; a provostship.

Prepossessed (imp. & p. p.) of Prepossess

Prepossessing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Prepossess

Prepossess (v. t.) To preoccupy, as ground or land; to take previous possession of.

Prepossess (v. t.) To preoccupy, as the mind or heart, so as to preclude other things; hence, to bias or prejudice; to give a previous inclination to, for or against anything; esp., to induce a favorable opinion beforehand, or at the outset.

Prepossessing (a.) Tending to invite favor; attracting confidence, favor, esteem, or love; attractive; as, a prepossessing manner.

Prepossession (n.) Preoccupation; prior possession.

Prepossession (n.) Preoccupation of the mind by an opinion, or impression, already formed; preconceived opinion; previous impression; bias; -- generally, but not always, used in a favorable sense; as, the prepossessions of childhood.

Prepossessor (n.) One who possesses, or occupies, previously.

Preposterous (a.) Having that first which ought to be last; inverted in order.

Preposterous (a.) Contrary to nature or reason; not adapted to the end; utterly and glaringly foolish; unreasonably absurd; perverted.

Prepostor (n.) See Prepositor.

Prepotency (n.) The quality or condition of being prepotent; predominance.

Prepotency (n.) The capacity, on the part of one of the parents, as compared with the other, to transmit more than his or her own share of characteristics to their offspring.

Prepotent (a.) Very powerful; superior in force, influence, or authority; predominant.

Prepotent (a.) Characterized by prepotency.

Preprovide (v. t.) To provide beforehand.

Prepubic (a.) Situated in front of, or anterior to, the pubis; pertaining to the prepubis.

Prepubis (n.) A bone or cartilage, of some animals, situated in the middle line in front of the pubic bones.

Prepuce (n.) The foreskin.

Preputial (a.) Of or pertaining to the prepuce.

Preraphaelism (n.) Alt. of Preraphaelitism

Preraphaelitism (n.) The doctrine or practice of a school of modern painters who profess to be followers of the painters before Raphael. Its adherents advocate careful study from nature, delicacy and minuteness of workmanship, and an exalted and delicate conception of the subject.

Preraphaelite (a.) Of or pertaining to the style called preraphaelitism; as, a preraphaelite figure; a preraphaelite landscape.

Preraphaelite (n.) One who favors or practices art as it was before Raphael; one who favors or advocates preraphaelitism.

Preregnant (n.) One who reigns before another; a sovereign predecessor.

Preremote (a.) More remote in previous time or prior order.

Prerequire (v. t.) To require beforehand.

Prerequisite (a.) Previously required; necessary as a preliminary to any proposed effect or end; as, prerequisite conditions of success.

Prerequisite (n.) Something previously required, or necessary to an end or effect proposed.

Preresolved (imp. & p. p.) of Preresolve

Preresolving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preresolve

Preresolve (v. t. & i.) To resolve beforehand; to predetermine.

Prerogative (n.) An exclusive or peculiar privilege; prior and indefeasible right; fundamental and essential possession; -- used generally of an official and hereditary right which may be asserted without question, and for the exercise of which there is no responsibility or accountability as to the fact and the manner of its exercise.

Prerogative (n.) Precedence; preeminence; first rank.

Prerogatived (a.) Endowed with a prerogative, or exclusive privilege.

Prerogatively (adv.) By prerogative.

Presage (v. t.) Something which foreshows or portends a future event; a prognostic; an omen; an augury.

Presage (v. t.) Power to look the future, or the exercise of that power; foreknowledge; presentiment.

Presaged (imp. & p. p.) of Presage

Presaging (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Presage

Presage (v. t.) To have a presentiment of; to feel beforehand; to foreknow.

Presage (v. t.) To foretell; to predict; to foreshow; to indicate.

Presage (v. i.) To form or utter a prediction; -- sometimes used with of.

Presageful (a.) Full of presages; ominous.

Presagement (n.) The act or art of presaging; a foreboding.

Presagement (n.) That which is presaged, or foretold.

Presager (n.) One who, or that which, presages; a foreteller; a foreboder.

Presagious (a.) Foreboding; ominous.

Presbyope (n.) One who has presbyopia; a farsighted person.

Presbyopia () A defect of vision consequent upon advancing age. It is due to rigidity of the crystalline lens, which produces difficulty of accommodation and recession of the near point of vision, so that objects very near the eyes can not be seen distinctly without the use of convex glasses. Called also presbytia.

Presbyopic (a.) Affected by presbyopia; also, remedying presbyopia; farsighted.

Presbyopy (n.) See Presbyopia.

Presbyte (n.) Same as Presbyope.

Presbyter (n.) An elder in the early Christian church. See 2d Citation under Bishop, n., 1.

Presbyter (n.) One ordained to the second order in the ministry; -- called also priest.

Presbyter (n.) A member of a presbytery whether lay or clerical.

Presbyter (n.) A Presbyterian.

Presbyteral (a.) Of or pertaining to a presbyter or presbytery; presbyterial.

Presbyterate (n.) A presbytery; also, presbytership.

Presbyteress (n.) A female presbyter.

Presbyterial (a.) Presbyterian.

Presbyterian (a.) Of or pertaining to a presbyter, or to ecclesiastical government by presbyters; relating to those who uphold church government by presbyters; also, to the doctrine, discipline, and worship of a communion so governed.

Presbyterian (n.) One who maintains the validity of ordination and government by presbyters; a member of the Presbyterian church.

Presbyterianism (n.) That form of church government which invests presbyters with all spiritual power, and admits no prelates over them; also, the faith and polity of the Presbyterian churches, taken collectively.

Presbyterium (n.) Same as Presbytery, 4.

Presbytership (n.) The office or station of a presbyter; presbyterate.

Presbyteries (pl. ) of Presbytery

Presbytery (n.) A body of elders in the early Christian church.

Presbytery (n.) A judicatory consisting of all the ministers within a certain district, and one layman, who is a ruling elder, from each parish or church, commissioned to represent the church in conjunction with the pastor. This body has a general jurisdiction over the churches under its care, and next below the provincial synod in authority.

Presbytery (n.) The Presbyterian religion of polity.

Presbytery (n.) That part of the church reserved for the officiating priest.

Presbytery (n.) The residence of a priest or clergyman.

Presbytia (n.) Presbyopia.

Presbytic (a.) Same as Presbyopic.

Presbytism (n.) Presbyopia.

Presscapula (n.) The part of the scapula in front of, or above, the spine, or mesoscapula.

Prescapular (a.) Of or pertaining to the prescapula; supraspinous.

Prescience (n.) Knowledge of events before they take place; foresight.

Prescient (a.) Having knowledge of coming events; foreseeing; conscious beforehand.

Presciently (adv.) With prescience or foresight.

Prescind (v. t.) To cut off; to abstract.

Prescind (v. t.) To consider by a separate act of attention or analysis.

Presciendent (a.) Foreknowing; having foreknowledge; as, prescious of ills.

Prescribed (imp. & p. p.) of Prescribe

Prescribing (p. pr & vb. n.) of Prescribe

Prescribe (v. t.) To lay down authoritatively as a guide, direction, or rule of action; to impose as a peremptory order; to dictate; to appoint; to direct.

Prescribe (v. t.) To direct, as a remedy to be used by a patient; as, the doctor prescribed quinine.

Prescribe (v. i.) To give directions; to dictate.

Prescribe (v. i.) To influence by long use

Prescribe (v. i.) To write or to give medical directions; to indicate remedies; as, to prescribe for a patient in a fever.

Prescribe (v. i.) To claim by prescription; to claim a title to a thing on the ground of immemorial use and enjoyment, that is, by a custom having the force of law.

Prescriber (n.) One who prescribes.

Prescript (a.) Directed; prescribed.

Prescript (n.) Direction; precept; model prescribed.

Prescript (n.) A medical prescription.

Prescriptibility (n.) The quality or state of being prescriptible.

Prescriptible (a.) Depending on, or derived from, prescription; proper to be prescribed.

Prescription (n.) The act of prescribing, directing, or dictating; direction; precept; also, that which is prescribed.

Prescription (n.) A direction of a remedy or of remedies for a disease, and the manner of using them; a medical recipe; also, a prescribed remedy.

Prescription (n.) A prescribing for title; the claim of title to a thing by virtue immemorial use and enjoyment; the right or title acquired by possession had during the time and in the manner fixed by law.

Prescriptive (a.) Consisting in, or acquired by, immemorial or long-continued use and enjoyment; as, a prescriptive right of title; pleading the continuance and authority of long custom.

Prescriptively (adv.) By prescription.

Prescuta (pl. ) of Prescutum

Prescutum (n.) The first of the four pieces composing the dorsal part, or tergum, of a thoracic segment of an insect. It is usually small and inconspicuous.

Preseance (n.) Priority of place in sitting.

Preselect (v. t.) To select beforehand.

Presence (n.) The state of being present, or of being within sight or call, or at hand; -- opposed to absence.

Presence (n.) The place in which one is present; the part of space within one's ken, call, influence, etc.; neighborhood without the intervention of anything that forbids intercourse.

Presence (n.) Specifically, neighborhood to the person of one of superior of exalted rank; also, presence chamber.

Presence (n.) The whole of the personal qualities of an individual; person; personality; especially, the person of a superior, as a sovereign.

Presence (n.) An assembly, especially of person of rank or nobility; noble company.

Presence (n.) Port, mien; air; personal appearence.

Presensation (n.) Previous sensation, notion, or idea.

Presension (n.) Previous perception.

Present (a.) Being at hand, within reach or call, within certain contemplated limits; -- opposed to absent.

Present (a.) Now existing, or in process; begun but not ended; now in view, or under consideration; being at this time; not past or future; as, the present session of Congress; the present state of affairs; the present instance.

Present (a.) Not delayed; immediate; instant; coincident.

Present (a.) Ready; quick in emergency; as a present wit.

Present (a.) Favorably attentive; propitious.

Present (a.) Present time; the time being; time in progress now, or at the moment contemplated; as, at this present.

Present (a.) Present letters or instrument, as a deed of conveyance, a lease, letter of attorney, or other writing; as in the phrase, " Know all men by these presents," that is, by the writing itself, " per has literas praesentes; " -- in this sense, rarely used in the singular.

Present (a.) A present tense, or the form of the verb denoting the present tense.

Presented (imp. & p. p.) of Present

Presenting (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Present

Present (a.) To bring or introduce into the presence of some one, especially of a superior; to introduce formally; to offer for acquaintance; as, to present an envoy to the king; (with the reciprocal pronoun) to come into the presence of a superior.

Present (a.) To exhibit or offer to view or notice; to lay before one's perception or cognizance; to set forth; to present a fine appearance.

Present (a.) To pass over, esp. in a ceremonious manner; to give in charge or possession; to deliver; to make over.

Present (a.) To make a gift of; to bestow; to give, generally in a formal or ceremonious manner; to grant; to confer.

Present (a.) Hence: To endow; to bestow a gift upon; to favor, as with a donation; also, to court by gifts.

Present (a.) To present; to personate.

Present (a.) To nominate to an ecclesiastical benefice; to offer to the bishop or ordinary as a candidate for institution.

Present (a.) To nominate for support at a public school or other institution .

Present (a.) To lay before a public body, or an official, for consideration, as before a legislature, a court of judicature, a corporation, etc.; as, to present a memorial, petition, remonstrance, or indictment.

Present (a.) To lay before a court as an object of inquiry; to give notice officially of, as a crime of offence; to find or represent judicially; as, a grand jury present certain offenses or nuisances, or whatever they think to be public injuries.

Present (a.) To bring an indictment against .

Present (a.) To aim, point, or direct, as a weapon; as, to present a pistol or the point of a sword to the breast of another.

Present (v. i.) To appear at the mouth of the uterus so as to be perceptible to the finger in vaginal examination; -- said of a part of an infant during labor.

Present (n.) Anything presented or given; a gift; a donative; as, a Christmas present.

Present (n.) The position of a soldier in presenting arms; as, to stand at present.

Presentable (a.) Capable or admitting of being presented; suitable to be exhibited, represented, or offered; fit to be brought forward or set forth; hence, fitted to be introduced to another, or to go into society; as, ideas that are presentable in simple language; she is not presentable in such a gown.

Presentable (a.) Admitting of the presentation of a clergiman; as, a church presentable.

Presentaneous (a.) Ready; quick; immediate in effect; as, presentaneous poison.

Presentation (n.) The act of presenting, or the state of being presented; a setting forth; an offering; bestowal.

Presentation (n.) exhibition; representation; display; appearance; semblance; show.

Presentation (n.) That which is presented or given; a present; a gift, as, the picture was a presentation.

Presentation (n.) The act of offering a clergyman to the bishop or ordinary for institution in a benefice; the right of presenting a clergyman.

Presentation (n.) The particular position of the child during labor relatively to the passage though which it is to be brought forth; -- specifically designated by the part which first appears at the mouth of the uterus; as, a breech presentation.

Presentative (a.) Having the right of presentation, or offering a clergyman to the bishop for institution; as, advowsons are presentative, collative, or donative.

Presentative (a.) Admitting the presentation of a clergyman; as, a presentative parsonage.

Presentative (a.) Capable of being directly known by, or presented to, the mind; intuitive; directly apprehensible, as objects; capable of apprehending, as faculties.

Presentee (v. t.) One to whom something is presented; also, one who is presented; specifically (Eccl.), one presented to benefice.

Presenter (n.) One who presents.

Presential (a.) Implying actual presence; present, immediate.

Presentiality (n.) State of being actually present.

Presentiate (v. t.) To make present.

Presentient (a.) Feeling or perceiving beforehand.

Presentific (a.) Making present.

Presentifical (a.) Presentific.

Presentiment (n.) Previous sentiment, conception, or opinion; previous apprehension; especially, an antecedent impression or conviction of something unpleasant, distressing, or calamitous, about to happen; anticipation of evil; foreboding.

Presentimental (a.) Of nature of a presentiment; foreboding.

Presention (n.) See Presension.

Presentive (a.) Bringing a conception or notion directly before the mind; presenting an object to the memory of imagination; -- distinguished from symbolic.

Presently (adv.) At present; at this time; now.

Presently (adv.) At once; without delay; forthwith; also, less definitely, soon; shortly; before long; after a little while; by and by.

Presently (adv.) With actual presence; actually .

Presentment (n.) The act of presenting, or the state of being presented; presentation.

Presentment (n.) Setting forth to view; delineation; appearance; representation; exhibition.

Presentment (n.) The notice taken by a grand jury of any offence from their own knowledge or observation, without any bill of indictment laid before them, as, the presentment of a nuisance, a libel, or the like; also, an inquisition of office and indictment by a grand jury; an official accusation presented to a tribunal by the grand jury in an indictment, or the act of offering an indictment; also, the indictment itself.

Presentment (n.) The official notice (formerly required to be given in court) of the surrender of a copyhold estate.

Presentness (n.) The quality or state of being present; presence.

Presentoir (n.) An ornamental tray, dish, or the like, used as a salver.

Preservable (a.) Capable of being preserved; admitting of preservation.

Preservation (n.) The act or process of preserving, or keeping safe; the state of being preserved, or kept from injury, destruction, or decay; security; safety; as, preservation of life, fruit, game, etc.; a picture in good preservation.

Preservative (a.) Having the power or quality of preserving; tending to preserve, or to keep from injury, decay, etc.

Preservative (n.) That which preserves, or has the power of preserving; a presevative agent.

Preservatory (a.) Preservative.

Preservatories (pl. ) of Preservatory

Preservatory (n.) A preservative.

Preservatory (n.) A room, or apparatus, in which perishable things, as fruit, vegetables, etc., can be preserved without decay.

Preserved (imp. & p. p.) of Preserve

Preserving (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preserve

Preserve (v. t.) To keep or save from injury or destruction; to guard or defend from evil, harm, danger, etc.; to protect.

Preserve (v. t.) To save from decay by the use of some preservative substance, as sugar, salt, etc.; to season and prepare for remaining in a good state, as fruits, meat, etc.; as, to preserve peaches or grapes.

Preserve (v. t.) To maintain throughout; to keep intact; as, to preserve appearances; to preserve silence.

Preserve (v. i.) To make preserves.

Preserve (v. i.) To protect game for purposes of sport.

Preserve (n.) That which is preserved; fruit, etc., seasoned and kept by suitable preparation; esp., fruit cooked with sugar; -- commonly in the plural.

Preserve (n.) A place in which game, fish, etc., are preserved for purposes of sport, or for food.

Preserver (n.) One who, or that which, preserves, saves, or defends, from destruction, injury, or decay; esp., one who saves the life or character of another.

Preserver (n.) One who makes preserves of fruit.

Preshow (v. t.) To foreshow.

Presided (imp. & p. p.) of Preside

Presiding (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Preside

Preside (v. i.) To be set, or to sit, in the place of authority; to occupy the place of president, chairman, moderator, director, etc.; to direct, control, and regulate, as chief officer; as, to preside at a public meeting; to preside over the senate.

Preside (v. i.) To exercise superintendence; to watch over.

Presidence (n.) See Presidency.

Presidencies (pl. ) of Presidency

Presidency (n.) The function or condition of one who presides; superintendence; control and care.

Presidency (n.) The office of president; as, Washington was elected to the presidency.

Presidency (n.) The term during which a president holds his office; as, during the presidency of Madison.

Presidency (n.) One of the three great divisions of British India, the Bengal, Madras, and Bombay Presidencies, each of which had a council of which its governor was president.

President (n.) Precedent.

President (a.) Occupying the first rank or chief place; having the highest authority; presiding.

President (n.) One who is elected or appointed to preside; a presiding officer, as of a legislative body.

President (n.) The chief officer of a corporation, company, institution, society, or the like.

President (n.) The chief executive officer of the government in certain republics; as, the president of the United States.

President (n.) A protector; a guardian; a presiding genius.

Presidential (a.) Presiding or watching over.

Presidential (a.) Of or pertaining to a president; as, the presidential chair; a presidential election.

Presidentship (n.) The office and dignity of president; presidency.

Presider (n.) One who presides.

Presidial (a.) Alt. of Presidiary

Presidiary (a.) Of or pertaining to a garrison; having a garrison.

Presidary (n.) A guard.

Presiding () a. & n. from Preside.

Presidio (n.) A place of defense; a fortress; a garrison; a fortress; a garrison or guardhouse.

Presignification (n.) The act of signifying or showing beforehand.

Presignified (imp. & p. p.) of Presignify

Presignifying (imp. & p. p.) of Presignify

Presignify (v. t.) To intimate or signify beforehand; to presage.

Presphenoid (a.) Situated in front of the sphenoid bone; of or pertaining to the anterior part of the sphenoid bone (i. e., the presphenoid bone).

Presphenoid (n.) The presphenoid bone.

Presphenoidal (a.) Of or pertaining to the presphenoid bone; presphenoid.

Prespinal (a.) Prevertebral.

Press (n.) An East Indian insectivore (Tupaia ferruginea). It is arboreal in its habits, and has a bushy tail. The fur is soft, and varies from rusty red to maroon and to brownish black.

Press (n.) To force into service, particularly into naval service; to impress.

Press (n.) A commission to force men into public service, particularly into the navy.

Pressed (imp. & p. p.) of Press

Pressing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Press

Press (v.) To urge, or act upon, with force, as weight; to act upon by pushing or thrusting, in distinction from pulling; to crowd or compel by a gradual and continued exertion; to bear upon; to squeeze; to compress; as, we press the ground with the feet when we walk; we press the couch on which we repose; we press substances with the hands, fingers, or arms; we are pressed in a crowd.

Press (v.) To squeeze, in order to extract the juice or contents of; to squeeze out, or express, from something.

Press (v.) To squeeze in or with suitable instruments or apparatus, in order to compact, make dense, or smooth; as, to press cotton bales, paper, etc.; to smooth by ironing; as, to press clothes.

Press (v.) To embrace closely; to hug.

Press (v.) To oppress; to bear hard upon.

Press (v.) To straiten; to distress; as, to be pressed with want or hunger.

Press (v.) To exercise very powerful or irresistible influence upon or over; to constrain; to force; to compel.

Press (v.) To try to force (something upon some one); to urge or inculcate with earnestness or importunity; to enforce; as, to press divine truth on an audience.

Press (v.) To drive with violence; to hurry; to urge on; to ply hard; as, to press a horse in a race.

Press (v. i.) To exert pressure; to bear heavily; to push, crowd, or urge with steady force.

Press (v. i.) To move on with urging and crowding; to make one's way with violence or effort; to bear onward forcibly; to crowd; to throng; to encroach.

Press (v. i.) To urge with vehemence or importunity; to exert a strong or compelling influence; as, an argument presses upon the judgment.

Press (n.) An apparatus or machine by which any substance or body is pressed, squeezed, stamped, or shaped, or by which an impression of a body is taken; sometimes, the place or building containing a press or presses.

Press (n.) Specifically, a printing press.

Press (n.) The art or business of printing and publishing; hence, printed publications, taken collectively, more especially newspapers or the persons employed in writing for them; as, a free press is a blessing, a licentious press is a curse.

Press (n.) An upright case or closet for the safe keeping of articles; as, a clothes press.

Press (n.) The act of pressing or thronging forward.

Press (n.) Urgent demands of business or affairs; urgency; as, a press of engagements.

Press (n.) A multitude of individuals crowded together; / crowd of single things; a throng.

Presser (n.) One who, or that which, presses.

Pressgang (n.) See Press gang, under Press.

Pressing (a.) Urgent; exacting; importunate; as, a pressing necessity.

Pression (n.) The act of pressing; pressure.

Pression (n.) An endeavor to move.

Pressiroster (n.) One of a tribe of wading birds (Pressirostres) including those which have a compressed beak, as the plovers.

Pressirostral (a.) Of or pertaining to the pressirosters.

Pressitant (a.) Gravitating; heavy.

Pressive (a.) Pressing; urgent; also, oppressive; as, pressive taxation.

Pressly (adv.) Closely; concisely.

Pressmen (pl. ) of Pressman

Pressman (n.) One who manages, or attends to, a press, esp. a printing press.

Pressman (n.) One who presses clothes; as, a tailor's pressman.

Pressman (n.) One of a press gang, who aids in forcing men into the naval service; also, one forced into the service.

Pressor (a.) Causing, or giving rise to, pressure or to an increase of pressure; as, pressor nerve fibers, stimulation of which excites the vasomotor center, thus causing a stronger contraction of the arteries and consequently an increase of the arterial blood pressure; -- opposed to depressor.

Presspack (v. t.) To pack, or prepare for packing, by means of a press.

Pressurage (n.) Pressure.

Pressurage (n.) The juice of the grape extracted by the press; also, a fee paid for the use of a wine press.

Pressure (n.) The act of pressing, or the condition of being pressed; compression; a squeezing; a crushing; as, a pressure of the hand.

Pressure (n.) A contrasting force or impulse of any kind; as, the pressure of poverty; the pressure of taxes; the pressure of motives on the mind; the pressure of civilization.

Pressure (n.) Affliction; distress; grievance.

Pressure (n.) Urgency; as, the pressure of business.

Pressure (n.) Impression; stamp; character impressed.

Pressure (n.) The action of a force against some obstacle or opposing force; a force in the nature of a thrust, distributed over a surface, often estimated with reference to the upon a unit's area.

Presswork (n.) The art of printing from the surface of type, plates, or engravings in relief, by means of a press; the work so done.

Prest () imp. & p. p. of Press.

Prest (a.) Ready; prompt; prepared.

Prest (a.) Neat; tidy; proper.

Prest (n.) Ready money; a loan of money.

Prest (n.) A duty in money formerly paid by the sheriff on his account in the exchequer, or for money left or remaining in his hands.

Prest (v. t.) To give as a loan; to lend.

Prestable (a.) Payable.

Prestation (n.) A payment of money; a toll or duty; also, the rendering of a service.

Prester (n.) A meteor or exhalation formerly supposed to be thrown from the clouds with such violence that by collision it is set on fire.

Prester (n.) One of the veins of the neck when swollen with anger or other excitement.

Prester (n.) A priest or presbyter; as, Prester John.

Presternum (n.) The anterior segment of the sternum; the manubrium.

Prestidigital (a.) Nimble-fingered; having fingers fit for prestidigitation, or juggling.

Prestidigitation (n.) Legerdemain; sleight of hand; juggling.

Prestidigitator (n.) One skilled in legerdemain or