Singular Nouns Starting with A

Aam (n.) A Dutch and German measure of liquids, varying in different cities, being at Amsterdam about 41 wine gallons, at Antwerp 36 1/2, at Hamburg 38 1/4.

Aard-vark (n.) An edentate mammal, of the genus Orycteropus, somewhat resembling a pig, common in some parts of Southern Africa. It burrows in the ground, and feeds entirely on ants, which it catches with its long, slimy tongue.

Aard-wolf (n.) A carnivorous quadruped (Proteles Lalandii), of South Africa, resembling the fox and hyena. See Proteles.

Ab (n.) The fifth month of the Jewish year according to the ecclesiastical reckoning, the eleventh by the civil computation, coinciding nearly with August.

Abaca (n.) The Manila-hemp plant (Musa textilis); also, its fiber. See Manila hemp under Manila.

Abacination (n.) The act of abacinating.

Abaciscus (n.) One of the tiles or squares of a tessellated pavement; an abaculus.

Abacist (n.) One who uses an abacus in casting accounts; a calculator.

Aback (n.) An abacus.

Abaction (n.) Stealing cattle on a large scale.

Abactor (n.) One who steals and drives away cattle or beasts by herds or droves.

Abaculus (n.) A small tile of glass, marble, or other substance, of various colors, used in making ornamental patterns in mosaic pavements.

Abacus (n.) A table or tray strewn with sand, anciently used for drawing, calculating, etc.

Abacus (n.) A calculating table or frame; an instrument for performing arithmetical calculations by balls sliding on wires, or counters in grooves, the lowest

Abacus (n.) The uppermost member or division of the capital of a column, immediately under the architrave. See Column.

Abacus (n.) A tablet, panel, or compartment in ornamented or mosaic work.

Abacus (n.) A board, tray, or table, divided into perforated compartments, for holding cups, bottles, or the like; a kind of cupboard, buffet, or sideboard.

Abada (n.) The rhinoceros.

Abaddon (n.) The destroyer, or angel of the bottomless pit; -- the same as Apollyon and Asmodeus.

Abaddon (n.) Hell; the bottomless pit.

Abaisance (n.) Obeisance.

Abaiser (n.) Ivory black or animal charcoal.

Abalienation (n.) The act of abalienating; alienation; estrangement.

Abalone (n.) A univalve mollusk of the genus Haliotis. The shell is

Abandon (n.) A complete giving up to natural impulses; freedom from artificial constraint; careless freedom or ease.

Abandonee (n.) One to whom anything is legally abandoned.

Abandoner (n.) One who abandons.

Abandonment (n.) The act of abandoning, or the state of being abandoned; total desertion; relinquishment.

Abandonment (n.) The relinquishment by the insured to the underwriters of what may remain of the property insured after a loss or damage by a peril insured against.

Abandonment (n.) The relinquishment of a right, claim, or privilege, as to mill site, etc.

Abandonment (n.) The voluntary leaving of a person to whom one is bound by a special relation, as a wife, husband, or child; desertion.

Abandonment (n.) Careless freedom or ease; abandon.

Abandum (n.) Anything forfeited or confiscated.

Abanet (n.) See Abnet.

Abanga (n.) A West Indian palm; also the fruit of this palm, the seeds of which are used as a remedy for diseases of the chest.

Abannation (n.) Alt. of Abannition

Abannition (n.) Banishment.

Abarticulation (n.) Articulation, usually that kind of articulation which admits of free motion in the joint; diarthrosis.

Abasement (n.) The act of abasing, humbling, or bringing low; the state of being abased or humbled; humiliation.

Abaser (n.) He who, or that which, abases.

Abashment (n.) The state of being abashed; confusion from shame.

Abassi (n.) Alt. of Abassis

Abassis (n.) A silver coin of Persia, worth about twenty cents.

Abate (n.) Abatement.

Abatement (n.) The act of abating, or the state of being abated; a lessening, diminution, or reduction; removal or putting an end to; as, the abatement of a nuisance is the suppression thereof.

Abatement (n.) The amount abated; that which is taken away by way of reduction; deduction; decrease; a rebate or discount allowed.

Abatement (n.) A mark of dishonor on an escutcheon.

Abatement (n.) The entry of a stranger, without right, into a freehold after the death of the last possessor, before the heir or devisee.

Abater (n.) One who, or that which, abates.

Abatis (n.) Alt. of Abattis

Abattis (n.) A means of defense formed by felled trees, the ends of whose branches are sharpened and directed outwards, or against the enemy.

Abator (n.) One who abates a nuisance.

Abator (n.) A person who, without right, enters into a freehold on the death of the last possessor, before the heir or devisee.

Abattoir (n.) A public slaughterhouse for cattle, sheep, etc.

Abature (n.) Grass and sprigs beaten or trampled down by a stag passing through them.

Abatvoix (n.) The sounding-board over a pulpit or rostrum.

Abay (n.) Barking; baying of dogs upon their prey. See Bay.

Abb (n.) Among weavers, yarn for the warp. Hence, abb wool is wool for the abb.

Abba (n.) Father; religious superior; -- in the Syriac, Coptic, and Ethiopic churches, a title given to the bishops, and by the bishops to the patriarch.

Abbacy (n.) The dignity, estate, or jurisdiction of an abbot.

Abbe (n.) The French word answering to the English abbot, the head of an abbey; but commonly a title of respect given in France to every one vested with the ecclesiastical habit or dress.

Abbess (n.) A female superior or governess of a nunnery, or convent of nuns, having the same authority over the nuns which the abbots have over the monks. See Abbey.

Abbey (n.) A monastery or society of persons of either sex, secluded from the world and devoted to religion and celibacy; also, the monastic building or buildings.

Abbey (n.) The church of a monastery.

Abbot (n.) The superior or head of an abbey.

Abbot (n.) One of a class of bishops whose sees were formerly abbeys.

Abbotship (n.) The state or office of an abbot.

Abbreviate (n.) An abridgment.

Abbreviation (n.) The act of shortening, or reducing.

Abbreviation (n.) The result of abbreviating; an abridgment.

Abbreviation (n.) The form to which a word or phrase is reduced by contraction and omission; a letter or letters, standing for a word or phrase of which they are a part; as, Gen. for Genesis; U.S.A. for United States of America.

Abbreviation (n.) One dash, or more, through the stem of a note, dividing it respectively into quavers, semiquavers, or demi-semiquavers.

Abbreviator (n.) One who abbreviates or shortens.

Abbreviator (n.) One of a college of seventy-two officers of the papal court whose duty is to make a short minute of a decision on a petition, or reply of the pope to a letter, and afterwards expand the minute into official form.

Abbreviature (n.) An abbreviation; an abbreviated state or form.

Abbreviature (n.) An abridgment; a compendium or abstract.

Abdal (n.) A religious devotee or dervish in Persia.

Abderite (n.) An inhabitant of Abdera, in Thrace.

Abdest (n.) Purification by washing the hands before prayer; -- a Mohammedan rite.

Abdicant (n.) One who abdicates.

Abdication (n.) The act of abdicating; the renunciation of a high office, dignity, or trust, by its holder; commonly the voluntary renunciation of sovereign power; as, abdication of the throne, government, power, authority.

Abdicator (n.) One who abdicates.

Abditory (n.) A place for hiding or preserving articles of value.

Abdomen (n.) The belly, or that part of the body between the thorax and the pelvis. Also, the cavity of the belly, which is

Abdomen (n.) The posterior section of the body, behind the thorax, in insects, crustaceans, and other Arthropoda.

Abdominal (n.) A fish of the group Abdominales.

Abdominoscopy (n.) Examination of the abdomen to detect abdominal disease.

Abduction (n.) The act of abducing or abducting; a drawing apart; a carrying away.

Abduction (n.) The movement which separates a limb or other part from the axis, or middle

Abduction (n.) The wrongful, and usually the forcible, carrying off of a human being; as, the abduction of a child, the abduction of an heiress.

Abduction (n.) A syllogism or form of argument in which the major is evident, but the minor is only probable.

Abductor (n.) One who abducts.

Abductor (n.) A muscle which serves to draw a part out, or form the median

Abearance (n.) Behavior.

Abearing (n.) Behavior.

Abecedarian (n.) One who is learning the alphabet; hence, a tyro.

Abecedarian (n.) One engaged in teaching the alphabet.

Abecedary (n.) A primer; the first principle or rudiment of anything.

Abele (n.) The white poplar (Populus alba).

Abelian (n.) Alt. of Abelonian

Abelite (n.) Alt. of Abelonian

Abelonian (n.) One of a sect in Africa (4th century), mentioned by St. Augustine, who states that they married, but lived in continence, after the manner, as they pretended, of Abel.

Abelmosk (n.) An evergreen shrub (Hibiscus -- formerly Abelmoschus -- moschatus), of the East and West Indies and Northern Africa, whose musky seeds are used in perfumery and to flavor coffee; -- sometimes called musk mallow.

Aber-de-vine (n.) The European siskin (Carduelis spinus), a small green and yellow finch, related to the goldfinch.

Aberrance (n.) Alt. of Aberrancy

Aberrancy (n.) State of being aberrant; a wandering from the right way; deviation from truth, rectitude, etc.

Aberration (n.) The act of wandering; deviation, especially from truth or moral rectitude, from the natural state, or from a type.

Aberration (n.) A partial alienation of reason.

Aberration (n.) A small periodical change of position in the stars and other heavenly bodies, due to the combined effect of the motion of light and the motion of the observer; called annual aberration, when the observer's motion is that of the earth in its orbit, and daily or diurnal aberration, when of the earth on its axis; amounting when greatest, in the former case, to 20.4'', and in the latter, to 0.3''. Planetary aberration is that due to the motion of light and the motion of the plan>

Aberration (n.) The convergence to different foci, by a lens or mirror, of rays of light emanating from one and the same point, or the deviation of such rays from a single focus; called spherical aberration, when due to the spherical form of the lens or mirror, such form giving different foci for central and marginal rays; and chromatic aberration, when due to different refrangibilities of the colored rays of the spectrum, those of each color having a distinct focus.

Aberration (n.) The passage of blood or other fluid into parts not appropriate for it.

Aberration (n.) The producing of an unintended effect by the glancing of an instrument, as when a shot intended for A glances and strikes B.

Aberuncator (n.) A weeding machine.

Abet (n.) Act of abetting; aid.

Abetment (n.) The act of abetting; as, an abetment of treason, crime, etc.

Abettal (n.) Abetment.

Abetter (n.) Alt. of Abettor

Abettor (n.) One who abets; an instigator of an offense or an offender.

Abevacuation (n.) A partial evacuation.

Abeyance (n.) Expectancy; condition of being undetermined.

Abeyance (n.) Suspension; temporary suppression.

Abeyancy (n.) Abeyance.

Abhal (n.) The berries of a species of cypress in the East Indies.

Abhorrence (n.) Extreme hatred or detestation; the feeling of utter dislike.

Abhorrency (n.) Abhorrence.

Abhorrer (n.) One who abhors.

Abhorring (n.) Detestation.

Abhorring (n.) Object of abhorrence.

Abib (n.) The first month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year, corresponding nearly to our April. After the Babylonish captivity this month was called Nisan.

Abidance (n.) The state of abiding; abode; continuance; compliance (with).

Abider (n.) One who abides, or continues.

Abider (n.) One who dwells; a resident.

Abies (n.) A genus of coniferous trees, properly called Fir, as the balsam fir and the silver fir. The spruces are sometimes also referred to this genus.

Abietene (n.) A volatile oil distilled from the resin or balsam of the nut pine (Pinus sabiniana) of California.

Abietin (n.) Alt. of Abietine

Abietine (n.) A resinous obtained from Strasburg turpentine or Canada balsam. It is without taste or smell, is insoluble in water, but soluble in alcohol (especially at the boiling point), in strong acetic acid, and in ether.

Abietite (n.) A substance resembling mannite, found in the needles of the common silver fir of Europe (Abies pectinata).

Abigail (n.) A lady's waiting-maid.

Abiliment (n.) Habiliment.

Ability (n.) The quality or state of being able; power to perform, whether physical, moral, intellectual, conventional, or legal; capacity; skill or competence in doing; sufficiency of strength, skill, resources, etc.; -- in the plural, faculty, talent.

Abime (n.) Alt. of Abyme

Abyme (n.) A abyss.

Abiogenesis (n.) The supposed origination of living organisms from lifeless matter; such genesis as does not involve the action of living parents; spontaneous generation; -- called also abiogeny, and opposed to biogenesis.

Abiogenist (n.) One who believes that life can be produced independently of antecedent.

Abiogeny (n.) Same as Abiogenesis.

Abirritant (n.) A medicine that diminishes irritation.

Abirritation (n.) A pathological condition opposite to that of irritation; debility; want of strength; asthenia.

Abject (n.) A person in the lowest and most despicable condition; a castaway.

Abjectedness (n.) A very abject or low condition; abjectness.

Abjection (n.) The act of bringing down or humbling.

Abjection (n.) The state of being rejected or cast out.

Abjection (n.) A low or downcast state; meanness of spirit; abasement; degradation.

Abjectness (n.) The state of being abject; abasement; meanness; servility.

Abjudication (n.) Rejection by judicial sentence.

Abjuration (n.) The act of abjuring or forswearing; a renunciation upon oath; as, abjuration of the realm, a sworn banishment, an oath taken to leave the country and never to return.

Abjuration (n.) A solemn recantation or renunciation; as, an abjuration of heresy.

Abjurement (n.) Renunciation.

Abjurer (n.) One who abjures.

Ablactation (n.) The weaning of a child from the breast, or of young beasts from their dam.

Ablactation (n.) The process of grafting now called inarching, or grafting by approach.

Ablaqueation (n.) The act or process of laying bare the roots of trees to expose them to the air and water.

Ablation (n.) A carrying or taking away; removal.

Ablation (n.) Extirpation.

Ablation (n.) Wearing away; superficial waste.

Ablaut (n.) The substitution of one root vowel for another, thus indicating a corresponding modification of use or meaning; vowel permutation; as, get, gat, got; sing, song; hang, hung.

Ablegate (n.) A representative of the pope charged with important commissions in foreign countries, one of his duties being to bring to a newly named cardinal his insignia of office.

Ablegation (n.) The act of sending abroad.

Ableness (n.) Ability of body or mind; force; vigor.

Ablepsy (n.) Blindness.

Abligurition (n.) Prodigal expense for food.

Abluent (n.) A detergent.

Ablution (n.) The act of washing or cleansing; specifically, the washing of the body, or some part of it, as a religious rite.

Ablution (n.) The water used in cleansing.

Ablution (n.) A small quantity of wine and water, which is used to wash the priest's thumb and index finger after the communion, and which then, as perhaps containing portions of the consecrated elements, is drunk by the priest.

Abluvion (n.) That which is washed off.

Abnegation (n.) a denial; a renunciation.

Abnegator (n.) One who abnegates, denies, or rejects anything.

Abnet (n.) The girdle of a Jewish priest or officer.

Abnodation (n.) The act of cutting away the knots of trees.

Abnormality (n.) The state or quality of being abnormal; variation; irregularity.

Abnormality (n.) Something abnormal.

Abnormity (n.) Departure from the ordinary type; irregularity; monstrosity.

Abodance (n.) An omen; a portending.

Abode (n.) Act of waiting; delay.

Abode (n.) Stay or continuance in a place; sojourn.

Abode (n.) Place of continuance, or where one dwells; abiding place; residence; a dwelling; a habitation.

Abodement (n.) A foreboding; an omen.

Aboding (n.) A foreboding.

Abolisher (n.) One who abolishes.

Abolishment (n.) The act of abolishing; abolition; destruction.

Abolition (n.) The act of abolishing, or the state of being abolished; an annulling; abrogation; utter destruction; as, the abolition of slavery or the slave trade; the abolition of laws, decrees, ordinances, customs, taxes, debts, etc.

Abolitionism (n.) The principles or measures of abolitionists.

Abolitionist (n.) A person who favors the abolition of any institution, especially negro slavery.

Aboma (n.) A large South American serpent (Boa aboma).

Abomasum (n.) Alt. of Abomasus

Abomasus (n.) The fourth or digestive stomach of a ruminant, which leads from the third stomach omasum. See Ruminantia.

Abominableness (n.) The quality or state of being abominable; odiousness.

Abomination (n.) The feeling of extreme disgust and hatred; abhorrence; detestation; loathing; as, he holds tobacco in abomination.

Abomination (n.) That which is abominable; anything hateful, wicked, or shamefully vile; an object or state that excites disgust and hatred; a hateful or shameful vice; pollution.

Abomination (n.) A cause of pollution or wickedness.

Abord (n.) Manner of approaching or accosting; address.

Aboriginal (n.) An original inhabitant of any land; one of the aborigines.

Aboriginal (n.) An animal or a plant native to the region.

Aboriginality (n.) The quality of being aboriginal.

Aborsement (n.) Abortment; abortion.

Abort (n.) An untimely birth.

Abort (n.) An aborted offspring.

Aborticide (n.) The act of destroying a fetus in the womb; feticide.

Abortifacient (n.) A drug or an agent that causes premature delivery.

Abortion (n.) The act of giving premature birth; particularly, the expulsion of the human fetus prematurely, or before it is capable of sustaining life; miscarriage.

Abortion (n.) The immature product of an untimely birth.

Abortion (n.) Arrest of development of any organ, so that it remains an imperfect formation or is absorbed.

Abortion (n.) Any fruit or produce that does not come to maturity, or anything which in its progress, before it is matured or perfect; a complete failure; as, his attempt proved an abortion.

Abortionist (n.) One who procures abortion or miscarriage.

Abortive (n.) That which is born or brought forth prematurely; an abortion.

Abortive (n.) A fruitless effort or issue.

Abortive (n.) A medicine to which is attributed the property of causing abortion.

Abortiveness (n.) The quality of being abortive.

Abortment (n.) Abortion.

About-sledge (n.) The largest hammer used by smiths.

Abracadabra (n.) A mystical word or collocation of letters written as in the figure. Worn on an amulet it was supposed to ward off fever. At present the word is used chiefly in jest to denote something without meaning; jargon.

Abradant (n.) A material used for grinding, as emery, sand, powdered glass, etc.

Abraham-man (n.) Alt. of Abram-man

Abram-man (n.) One of a set of vagabonds who formerly roamed through England, feigning lunacy for the sake of obtaining alms.

Abrasion (n.) The act of abrading, wearing, or rubbing off; the wearing away by friction; as, the abrasion of coins.

Abrasion (n.) The substance rubbed off.

Abrasion (n.) A superficial excoriation, with loss of substance under the form of small shreds.

Abraum (n.) Alt. of Abraum salts

Abraum salts (n.) A red ocher used to darken mahogany and for making chloride of potassium.

Abraxas (n.) A mystical word used as a charm and engraved on gems among the ancients; also, a gem stone thus engraved.

Abrenunciation (n.) Absolute renunciation or repudiation.

Abreption (n.) A snatching away.

Abreuvoir (n.) The joint or interstice between stones, to be filled with mortar.

Abricock (n.) See Apricot.

Abridger (n.) One who abridges.

Abridgment (n.) The act of abridging, or the state of being abridged; diminution; lessening; reduction or deprivation; as, an abridgment of pleasures or of expenses.

Abridgment (n.) An epitome or compend, as of a book; a shortened or abridged form; an abbreviation.

Abridgment (n.) That which abridges or cuts short; hence, an entertainment that makes the time pass quickly.

Abrogation (n.) The act of abrogating; repeal by authority.

Abrogator (n.) One who repeals by authority.

Abrupt (n.) An abrupt place.

Abruption (n.) A sudden breaking off; a violent separation of bodies.

Abruptness (n.) The state of being abrupt or broken; craggedness; ruggedness; steepness.

Abruptness (n.) Suddenness; unceremonious haste or vehemence; as, abruptness of style or manner.

Abscess (n.) A collection of pus or purulent matter in any tissue or organ of the body, the result of a morbid process.

Abscession (n.) A separating; removal; also, an abscess.

Abscision (n.) See Abscission.

Absciss (n.) See Abscissa.

Abscissa (n.) One of the elements of reference by which a point, as of a curve, is referred to a system of fixed recti

Abscission (n.) The act or process of cutting off.

Abscission (n.) The state of being cut off.

Abscission (n.) A figure of speech employed when a speaker having begun to say a thing stops abruptly: thus, "He is a man of so much honor and candor, and of such generosity -- but I need say no more."

Abscondence (n.) Fugitive concealment; secret retirement; hiding.

Absconder (n.) One who absconds.

Absence (n.) A state of being absent or withdrawn from a place or from companionship; -- opposed to presence.

Absence (n.) Want; destitution; withdrawal.

Absence (n.) Inattention to things present; abstraction (of mind); as, absence of mind.

Absentation (n.) The act of absenting one's self.

Absentee (n.) One who absents himself from his country, office, post, or duty; especially, a landholder who lives in another country or district than that where his estate is situated; as, an Irish absentee.

Absenteeism (n.) The state or practice of an absentee; esp. the practice of absenting one's self from the country or district where one's estate is situated.

Absenter (n.) One who absents one's self.

Absentment (n.) The state of being absent; withdrawal.

Absentness (n.) The quality of being absent-minded.

Absey-book (n.) An A-B-C book; a primer.

Absinthate (n.) A combination of absinthic acid with a base or positive radical.

Absinth (n.) Alt. of Absinthe

Absinthe (n.) The plant absinthium or common wormwood.

Absinthe (n.) A strong spirituous liqueur made from wormwood and brandy or alcohol.

Absinthian (n.) Of the nature of wormwood.

Absinthin (n.) The bitter principle of wormwood (Artemisia absinthium).

Absinthism (n.) The condition of being poisoned by the excessive use of absinth.

Absinthium (n.) The common wormwood (Artemisia absinthium), an intensely bitter plant, used as a tonic and for making the oil of wormwood.

Absis (n.) See Apsis.

Absistence (n.) A standing aloof.

Absolute (n.) In a plane, the two imaginary circular points at infinity; in space of three dimensions, the imaginary circle at infinity.

Absoluteness (n.) The quality of being absolute; independence of everything extraneous; unlimitedness; absolute power; independent reality; positiveness.

Absolution (n.) An absolving, or setting free from guilt, sin, or penalty; forgiveness of an offense.

Absolution (n.) An acquittal, or sentence of a judge declaring and accused person innocent.

Absolution (n.) The exercise of priestly jurisdiction in the sacrament of penance, by which Catholics believe the sins of the truly penitent are forgiven.

Absolution (n.) An absolving from ecclesiastical penalties, -- for example, excommunication.

Absolution (n.) The form of words by which a penitent is absolved.

Absolution (n.) Delivery, in speech.

Absolutism (n.) The state of being absolute; the system or doctrine of the absolute; the principles or practice of absolute or arbitrary government; despotism.

Absolutism (n.) Doctrine of absolute decrees.

Absolutist (n.) One who is in favor of an absolute or autocratic government.

Absolutist (n.) One who believes that it is possible to realize a cognition or concept of the absolute.

Absolvent (n.) An absolver.

Absolver (n.) One who absolves.

Absorbability (n.) The state or quality of being absorbable.

Absorbency (n.) Absorptiveness.

Absorbent (n.) Anything which absorbs.

Absorbent (n.) Any substance which absorbs and neutralizes acid fluid in the stomach and bowels, as magnesia, chalk, etc.; also a substance e. g., iodine) which acts on the absorbent vessels so as to reduce enlarged and indurated parts.

Absorbent (n.) The vessels by which the processes of absorption are carried on, as the lymphatics in animals, the extremities of the roots in plants.

Absorber (n.) One who, or that which, absorbs.

Absorbition (n.) Absorption.

Absorption (n.) The act or process of absorbing or sucking in anything, or of being absorbed and made to disappear; as, the absorption of bodies in a whirlpool, the absorption of a smaller tribe into a larger.

Absorption (n.) An imbibing or reception by molecular or chemical action; as, the absorption of light, heat, electricity, etc.

Absorption (n.) In living organisms, the process by which the materials of growth and nutrition are absorbed and conveyed to the tissues and organs.

Absorption (n.) Entire engrossment or occupation of the mind; as, absorption in some employment.

Absorptiveness (n.) The quality of being absorptive; absorptive power.

Absorptivity (n.) Absorptiveness.

Abstainer (n.) One who abstains; esp., one who abstains from the use of intoxicating liquors.

Abstemiousness (n.) The quality of being abstemious, temperate, or sparing in the use of food and strong drinks. It expresses a greater degree of abstinence than temperance.

Abstergent (n.) A substance used in cleansing; a detergent; as, soap is an abstergent.

Abstersion (n.) Act of wiping clean; a cleansing; a purging.

Abstersive (n.) Something cleansing.

Abstersiveness (n.) The quality of being abstersive.

Abstinence (n.) The act or practice of abstaining; voluntary forbearance of any action, especially the refraining from an indulgence of appetite, or from customary gratifications of animal or sensual propensities. Specifically, the practice of abstaining from intoxicating beverages, -- called also total abstinence.

Abstinence (n.) The practice of self-denial by depriving one's self of certain kinds of food or drink, especially of meat.

Abstinency (n.) Abstinence.

Abstinent (n.) One who abstains.

Abstinent (n.) One of a sect who appeared in France and Spain in the 3d century.

Abstractedness (n.) The state of being abstracted; abstract character.

Abstracter (n.) One who abstracts, or makes an abstract.

Abstractionist (n.) An idealist.

Abstractiveness (n.) The quality of being abstractive; abstractive property.

Abstractness (n.) The quality of being abstract.

Abstruseness (n.) The quality of being abstruse; difficulty of apprehension.

Abstrusion (n.) The act of thrusting away.

Abstrusity (n.) Abstruseness; that which is abstruse.

Absumption (n.) Act of wasting away; a consuming; extinction.

Absurd (n.) An absurdity.

Absurdity (n.) The quality of being absurd or inconsistent with obvious truth, reason, or sound judgment.

Absurdity (n.) That which is absurd; an absurd action; a logical contradiction.

Absurdness (n.) Absurdity.

Abuna (n.) The Patriarch, or head of the Abyssinian Church.

Abundance (n.) An overflowing fullness; ample sufficiency; great plenty; profusion; copious supply; superfluity; wealth: -- strictly applicable to quantity only, but sometimes used of number.

Abusage (n.) Abuse.

Abuser (n.) One who abuses [in the various senses of the verb].

Abusiveness (n.) The quality of being abusive; rudeness of language, or violence to the person.

Abutilon (n.) A genus of malvaceous plants of many species, found in the torrid and temperate zones of both continents; -- called also Indian mallow.

Abutment (n.) State of abutting.

Abutment (n.) That on or against which a body abuts or presses

Abutment (n.) The solid part of a pier or wall, etc., which receives the thrust or lateral pressure of an arch, vault, or strut.

Abutment (n.) A fixed point or surface from which resistance or reaction is obtained, as the cylinder head of a steam engine, the fulcrum of a lever, etc.

Abutment (n.) In breech-loading firearms, the block behind the barrel which receives the pressure due to recoil.

Abuttal (n.) The butting or boundary of land, particularly at the end; a headland.

Abutter (n.) One who, or that which, abuts. Specifically, the owner of a contiguous estate; as, the abutters on a street or a river.

Abysm (n.) An abyss; a gulf.

Abyss (n.) A bottomless or unfathomed depth, gulf, or chasm; hence, any deep, immeasurable, and, specifically, hell, or the bottomless pit.

Abyss (n.) Infinite time; a vast intellectual or moral depth.

Abyss (n.) The center of an escutcheon.

Abyssinian (n.) A native of Abyssinia.

Abyssinian (n.) A member of the Abyssinian Church.

Acacia (n.) A roll or bag, filled with dust, borne by Byzantine emperors, as a memento of mortality. It is represented on medals.

Acacia (n.) A genus of leguminous trees and shrubs. Nearly 300 species are Australian or Polynesian, and have terete or vertically compressed leaf stalks, instead of the bipinnate leaves of the much fewer species of America, Africa, etc. Very few are found in temperate climates.

Acacia (n.) The inspissated juice of several species of acacia; -- called also gum acacia, and gum arabic.

Acacin (n.) Alt. of Acacine

Acacine (n.) Gum arabic.

Academe (n.) An academy.

Academian (n.) A member of an academy, university, or college.

Academic (n.) One holding the philosophy of Socrates and Plato; a Platonist.

Academic (n.) A member of an academy, college, or university; an academician.

Academician (n.) A member of an academy, or society for promoting science, art, or literature, as of the French Academy, or the Royal Academy of arts.

Academician (n.) A collegian.

Academicism (n.) A tenet of the Academic philosophy.

Academicism (n.) A mannerism or mode peculiar to an academy.

Academism (n.) The doctrines of the Academic philosophy.

Academist (n.) An Academic philosopher.

Academist (n.) An academician.

Academy (n.) A garden or grove near Athens (so named from the hero Academus), where Plato and his followers held their philosophical conferences; hence, the school of philosophy of which Plato was head.

Academy (n.) An institution for the study of higher learning; a college or a university. Popularly, a school, or seminary of learning, holding a rank between a college and a common school.

Academy (n.) A place of training; a school.

Academy (n.) A society of learned men united for the advancement of the arts and sciences, and literature, or some particular art or science; as, the French Academy; the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; academies of literature and philology.

Academy (n.) A school or place of training in which some special art is taught; as, the military academy at West Point; a riding academy; the Academy of Music.

Acadian (n.) A native of Acadie.

Acajou (n.) The cashew tree; also, its fruit. See Cashew.

Acajou (n.) The mahogany tree; also, its timber.

Acaleph (n.) Alt. of Acalephan

Acalephan (n.) One of the Acalephae.

Acanth (n.) Same as Acanthus.

Acantha (n.) A prickle.

Acantha (n.) A spine or prickly fin.

Acantha (n.) The vertebral column; the spinous process of a vertebra.

Acanthopterygian (n.) A spiny-finned fish.

Acanthus (n.) A genus of herbaceous prickly plants, found in the south of Europe, Asia Minor, and India; bear's-breech.

Acanthus (n.) An ornament resembling the foliage or leaves of the acanthus (Acanthus spinosus); -- used in the capitals of the Corinthian and Composite orders.

Acaridan (n.) One of a group of arachnids, including the mites and ticks.

Acarus (n.) A genus including many species of small mites.

Acatalectic (n.) A verse which has the complete number of feet and syllables.

Acatalepsy (n.) Incomprehensibility of things; the doctrine held by the ancient Skeptic philosophers, that human knowledge never amounts to certainty, but only to probability.

Acater (n.) See Caterer.

Accedence (n.) The act of acceding.

Acceder (n.) One who accedes.

Acceleration (n.) The act of accelerating, or the state of being accelerated; increase of motion or action; as, a falling body moves toward the earth with an acceleration of velocity; -- opposed to retardation.

Accelerator (n.) One who, or that which, accelerates. Also as an adj.; as, accelerator nerves.

Accelerograph (n.) An apparatus for studying the combustion of powder in guns, etc.

Accelerometer (n.) An apparatus for measuring the velocity imparted by gunpowder.

Accendibility (n.) Capacity of being kindled, or of becoming inflamed; inflammability.

Accension (n.) The act of kindling or the state of being kindled; ignition.

Accensor (n.) One of the functionaries who light and trim the tapers.

Accent (n.) A superior force of voice or of articulative effort upon some particular syllable of a word or a phrase, distinguishing it from the others.

Accent (n.) A mark or character used in writing, and serving to regulate the pronunciation; esp.: (a) a mark to indicate the nature and place of the spoken accent; (b) a mark to indicate the quality of sound of the vowel marked; as, the French accents.

Accent (n.) Modulation of the voice in speaking; manner of speaking or pronouncing; peculiar or characteristic modification of the voice; tone; as, a foreign accent; a French or a German accent.

Accent (n.) A word; a significant tone

Accent (n.) expressions in general; speech.

Accent (n.) Stress laid on certain syllables of a verse.

Accent (n.) A regularly recurring stress upon the tone to mark the beginning, and, more feebly, the third part of the measure.

Accent (n.) A special emphasis of a tone, even in the weaker part of the measure.

Accent (n.) The rhythmical accent, which marks phrases and sections of a period.

Accent (n.) The expressive emphasis and shading of a passage.

Accent (n.) A mark placed at the right hand of a letter, and a little above it, to distinguish magnitudes of a similar kind expressed by the same letter, but differing in value, as y', y''.

Accent (n.) A mark at the right hand of a number, indicating minutes of a degree, seconds, etc.; as, 12'27'', i. e., twelve minutes twenty seven seconds.

Accent (n.) A mark used to denote feet and inches; as, 6' 10'' is six feet ten inches.

Accentor (n.) One who sings the leading part; the director or leader.

Accentor (n.) A genus of European birds (so named from their sweet notes), including the hedge warbler. In America sometimes applied to the water thrushes.

Accentuality (n.) The quality of being accentual.

Accentuation (n.) Act of accentuating; applications of accent.

Accentuation (n.) pitch or modulation of the voice in reciting portions of the liturgy.

Acceptability (n.) The quality of being acceptable; acceptableness.

Acceptableness (n.) The quality of being acceptable, or suitable to be favorably received; acceptability.

Acceptance (n.) The act of accepting; a receiving what is offered, with approbation, satisfaction, or acquiescence; esp., favorable reception; approval; as, the acceptance of a gift, office, doctrine, etc.

Acceptance (n.) State of being accepted; acceptableness.

Acceptance (n.) An assent and engagement by the person on whom a bill of exchange is drawn, to pay it when due according to the terms of the acceptance.

Acceptance (n.) The bill itself when accepted.

Acceptance (n.) An agreeing to terms or proposals by which a bargain is concluded and the parties are bound; the reception or taking of a thing bought as that for which it was bought, or as that agreed to be delivered, or the taking possession as owner.

Acceptance (n.) An agreeing to the action of another, by some act which binds the person in law.

Acceptance (n.) Meaning; acceptation.

Acceptancy (n.) Acceptance.

Acceptant (n.) An accepter.

Acceptation (n.) Acceptance; reception; favorable reception or regard; state of being acceptable.

Acceptation (n.) The meaning in which a word or expression is understood, or generally received; as, term is to be used according to its usual acceptation.

Accepter (n.) A person who accepts; a taker.

Accepter (n.) A respecter; a viewer with partiality.

Accepter (n.) An acceptor.

Acceptilation (n.) Gratuitous discharge; a release from debt or obligation without payment; free remission.

Acception (n.) Acceptation; the received meaning.

Acceptor (n.) One who accepts

Acceptor (n.) one who accepts an order or a bill of exchange; a drawee after he has accepted.

Access (n.) A coming to, or near approach; admittance; admission; accessibility; as, to gain access to a prince.

Access (n.) The means, place, or way by which a thing may be approached; passage way; as, the access is by a neck of land.

Access (n.) Admission to sexual intercourse.

Access (n.) Increase by something added; addition; as, an access of territory. [In this sense accession is more generally used.]

Access (n.) An onset, attack, or fit of disease.

Access (n.) A paroxysm; a fit of passion; an outburst; as, an access of fury.

Accessariness (n.) The state of being accessary.

Accessary (n.) One who, not being present, contributes as an assistant or instigator to the commission of an offense.

Accessibility (n.) The quality of being accessible, or of admitting approach; receptibility.

Accession (n.) A coming to; the act of acceding and becoming joined; as, a king's accession to a confederacy.

Accession (n.) Increase by something added; that which is added; augmentation from without; as, an accession of wealth or territory.

Accession (n.) A mode of acquiring property, by which the owner of a corporeal substance which receives an addition by growth, or by labor, has a right to the part or thing added, or the improvement (provided the thing is not changed into a different species). Thus, the owner of a cow becomes the owner of her calf.

Accession (n.) The act by which one power becomes party to engagements already in force between other powers.

Accession (n.) The act of coming to or reaching a throne, an office, or dignity; as, the accession of the house of Stuart; -- applied especially to the epoch of a new dynasty.

Accession (n.) The invasion, approach, or commencement of a disease; a fit or paroxysm.

Accessoriness (n.) The state of being accessory, or connected subordinately.

Accessory (n.) That which belongs to something else deemed the principal; something additional and subordinate.

Accessory (n.) Same as Accessary, n.

Accessory (n.) Anything that enters into a work of art without being indispensably necessary, as mere ornamental parts.

Acciaccatura (n.) A short grace note, one semitone below the note to which it is prefixed; -- used especially in organ music. Now used as equivalent to the short appoggiatura.

Accidence (n.) The accidents, of inflections of words; the rudiments of grammar.

Accidence (n.) The rudiments of any subject.

Accident (n.) Literally, a befalling; an event that takes place without one's foresight or expectation; an undesigned, sudden, and unexpected event; chance; contingency; often, an undesigned and unforeseen occurrence of an afflictive or unfortunate character; a casualty; a mishap; as, to die by an accident.

Accident (n.) A property attached to a word, but not essential to it, as gender, number, case.

Accident (n.) A point or mark which may be retained or omitted in a coat of arms.

Accident (n.) A property or quality of a thing which is not essential to it, as whiteness in paper; an attribute.

Accident (n.) A quality or attribute in distinction from the substance, as sweetness, softness.

Accident (n.) Any accidental property, fact, or relation; an accidental or nonessential; as, beauty is an accident.

Accident (n.) Unusual appearance or effect.

Accidental (n.) A property which is not essential; a nonessential; anything happening accidentally.

Accidental (n.) Those fortuitous effects produced by luminous rays falling on certain objects so that some parts stand forth in abnormal brightness and other parts are cast into a deep shadow.

Accidental (n.) A sharp, flat, or natural, occurring not at the commencement of a piece of music as the signature, but before a particular note.

Accidentalism (n.) Accidental character or effect.

Accidentality (n.) The quality of being accidental; accidentalness.

Accidentalness (n.) The quality of being accidental; casualness.

Accidie (n.) Sloth; torpor.

Accipenser (n.) See Acipenser.

Accipient (n.) A receiver.

Accipiter (n.) A genus of rapacious birds; one of the Accipitres or Raptores.

Accipiter (n.) A bandage applied over the nose, resembling the claw of a hawk.

Accipitral (n.) Pertaining to, or of the nature of, a falcon or hawk; hawklike.

Accismus (n.) Affected refusal; coyness.

Acclaim (n.) Acclamation.

Acclaimer (n.) One who acclaims.

Acclamation (n.) A shout of approbation, favor, or assent; eager expression of approval; loud applause.

Acclamation (n.) A representation, in sculpture or on medals, of people expressing joy.

Acclimatation (n.) Acclimatization.

Acclimatement (n.) Acclimation.

Acclimation (n.) The process of becoming, or the state of being, acclimated, or habituated to a new climate; acclimatization.

Acclimatization (n.) The act of acclimatizing; the process of inuring to a new climate, or the state of being so inured.

Acclimature (n.) The act of acclimating, or the state of being acclimated.

Acclivity (n.) A slope or inclination of the earth, as the side of a hill, considered as ascending, in opposition to declivity, or descending; an upward slope; ascent.

Accolade (n.) A ceremony formerly used in conferring knighthood, consisting am embrace, and a slight blow on the shoulders with the flat blade of a sword.

Accolade (n.) A brace used to join two or more staves.

Accombination (n.) A combining together.

Accommodableness (n.) The quality or condition of being accommodable.

Accommodateness (n.) Fitness.

Accommodation (n.) The act of fitting or adapting, or the state of being fitted or adapted; adaptation; adjustment; -- followed by to.

Accommodation (n.) Willingness to accommodate; obligingness.

Accommodation (n.) Whatever supplies a want or affords ease, refreshment, or convenience; anything furnished which is desired or needful; -- often in the plural; as, the accommodations -- that is, lodgings and food -- at an inn.

Accommodation (n.) An adjustment of differences; state of agreement; reconciliation; settlement.

Accommodation (n.) The application of a writer's language, on the ground of analogy, to something not originally referred to or intended.

Accommodation (n.) A loan of money.

Accommodation (n.) An accommodation bill or note.

Accommodator (n.) He who, or that which, accommodates.

Accompanier (n.) He who, or that which, accompanies.

Accompaniment (n.) That which accompanies; something that attends as a circumstance, or which is added to give greater completeness to the principal thing, or by way of ornament, or for the sake of symmetry.

Accompaniment (n.) A part performed by instruments, accompanying another part or parts performed by voices; the subordinate part, or parts, accompanying the voice or a principal instrument; also, the harmony of a figured bass.

Accompanist (n.) The performer in music who takes the accompanying part.

Accomplice (n.) A cooperator.

Accomplice (n.) An associate in the commission of a crime; a participator in an offense, whether a principal or an accessory.

Accompliceship (n.) The state of being an accomplice.

Accomplicity (n.) The act or state of being an accomplice.

Accomplisher (n.) One who accomplishes.

Accomplishment (n.) The act of accomplishing; entire performance; completion; fulfillment; as, the accomplishment of an enterprise, of a prophecy, etc.

Accomplishment (n.) That which completes, perfects, or equips thoroughly; acquirement; attainment; that which constitutes excellence of mind, or elegance of manners, acquired by education or training.

Accompt (n.) See Account.

Accomptant (n.) See Accountant.

Accordance (n.) Agreement; harmony; conformity.

Accordancy (n.) Accordance.

Accorder (n.) One who accords, assents, or concedes.

Accordion (n.) A small, portable, keyed wind instrument, whose tones are generated by play of the wind upon free metallic reeds.

Accordionist (n.) A player on the accordion.

Accost (n.) Address; greeting.

Accouchement (n.) Delivery in childbed

Accoucheur (n.) A man who assists women in childbirth; a man midwife; an obstetrician.

Accoucheuse (n.) A midwife.

Account (n.) A reckoning; computation; calculation; enumeration; a record of some reckoning; as, the Julian account of time.

Account (n.) A registry of pecuniary transactions; a written or printed statement of business dealings or debts and credits, and also of other things subjected to a reckoning or review; as, to keep one's account at the bank.

Account (n.) A statement in general of reasons, causes, grounds, etc., explanatory of some event; as, no satisfactory account has been given of these phenomena. Hence, the word is often used simply for reason, ground, consideration, motive, etc.; as, on no account, on every account, on all accounts.

Account (n.) A statement of facts or occurrences; recital of transactions; a relation or narrative; a report; a description; as, an account of a battle.

Account (n.) A statement and explanation or vindication of one's conduct with reference to judgment thereon.

Account (n.) An estimate or estimation; valuation; judgment.

Account (n.) Importance; worth; value; advantage; profit.

Accountability (n.) The state of being accountable; liability to be called on to render an account; accountableness.

Accountable ness (n.) The quality or state of being accountable; accountability.

Accountancy (n.) The art or employment of an accountant.

Accountant (n.) One who renders account; one accountable.

Accountant (n.) A reckoner.

Accountant (n.) One who is skilled in, keeps, or adjusts, accounts; an officer in a public office, who has charge of the accounts.

Accountantship (n.) The office or employment of an accountant.

Accouplement (n.) The act of coupling, or the state of being coupled; union.

Accouplement (n.) That which couples, as a tie or brace.

Accreditation (n.) The act of accrediting; as, letters of accreditation.

Accrementition (n.) The process of generation by development of blastema, or fission of cells, in which the new formation is in all respect like the individual from which it proceeds.

Accrescence (n.) Continuous growth; an accretion.

Accretion (n.) The act of increasing by natural growth; esp. the increase of organic bodies by the internal accession of parts; organic growth.

Accretion (n.) The act of increasing, or the matter added, by an accession of parts externally; an extraneous addition; as, an accretion of earth.

Accretion (n.) Concretion; coherence of separate particles; as, the accretion of particles so as to form a solid mass.

Accretion (n.) A growing together of parts naturally separate, as of the fingers toes.

Accretion (n.) The adhering of property to something else, by which the owner of one thing becomes possessed of a right to another; generally, gain of land by the washing up of sand or sail from the sea or a river, or by a gradual recession of the water from the usual watermark.

Accretion (n.) Gain to an heir or legatee, failure of a coheir to the same succession, or a co-legatee of the same thing, to take his share.

Accroachment (n.) An encroachment; usurpation.

Accrual (n.) Accrument.

Accrue (n.) To increase; to augment.

Accrue (n.) To come to by way of increase; to arise or spring as a growth or result; to be added as increase, profit, or damage, especially as the produce of money lent.

Accrue (n.) Something that accrues; advantage accruing.

Accruer (n.) The act of accruing; accretion; as, title by accruer.

Accrument (n.) The process of accruing, or that which has accrued; increase.

Accubation (n.) The act or posture of reclining on a couch, as practiced by the ancients at meals.

Accumbency (n.) The state of being accumbent or reclining.

Accumbent (n.) One who rec

Accumulation (n.) The act of accumulating, the state of being accumulated, or that which is accumulated; as, an accumulation of earth, of sand, of evils, of wealth, of honors.

Accumulation (n.) The concurrence of several titles to the same proof.

Accumulator (n.) One who, or that which, accumulates, collects, or amasses.

Accumulator (n.) An apparatus by means of which energy or power can be stored, such as the cylinder or tank for storing water for hydraulic elevators, the secondary or storage battery used for accumulating the energy of electrical charges, etc.

Accumulator (n.) A system of elastic springs for relieving the strain upon a rope, as in deep-sea dredging.

Accuracy (n.) The state of being accurate; freedom from mistakes, this exemption arising from carefulness; exact conformity to truth, or to a rule or model; precision; exactness; nicety; correctness; as, the value of testimony depends on its accuracy.

Accurateness (n.) The state or quality of being accurate; accuracy; exactness; nicety; precision.

Accusal (n.) Accusation.

Accusant (n.) An accuser.

Accusation (n.) The act of accusing or charging with a crime or with a lighter offense.

Accusation (n.) That of which one is accused; the charge of an offense or crime, or the declaration containing the charge.

Accusative (n.) The accusative case.

Accuse (n.) Accusation.

Accusement (n.) Accusation.

Accuser (n.) One who accuses; one who brings a charge of crime or fault.

Accustom (n.) Custom.

Accustomance (n.) Custom; habitual use.

Accustomedness (n.) Habituation.

Ace (n.) A unit; a single point or spot on a card or die; the card or die so marked; as, the ace of diamonds.

Ace (n.) Hence: A very small quantity or degree; a particle; an atom; a jot.

Aceldama (n.) The potter's field, said to have lain south of Jerusalem, purchased with the bribe which Judas took for betraying his Master, and therefore called the field of blood. Fig.: A field of bloodshed.

Acephal (n.) One of the Acephala.

Acephalan (n.) Same as Acephal.

Acephalist (n.) One who acknowledges no head or superior.

Acephalocyst (n.) A larval entozoon in the form of a subglobular or oval vesicle, or hydatid, filled with fluid, sometimes found in the tissues of man and the lower animals; -- so called from the absence of a head or visible organs on the vesicle. These cysts are the immature stages of certain tapeworms. Also applied to similar cysts of different origin.

Acerate (n.) A combination of aceric acid with a salifiable base.

Acerbitude (n.) Sourness and harshness.

Acerbity (n.) Sourness of taste, with bitterness and astringency, like that of unripe fruit.

Acerbity (n.) Harshness, bitterness, or severity; as, acerbity of temper, of language, of pain.

Acervation (n.) A heaping up; accumulation.

Acescence (n.) Alt. of Acescency

Acescency (n.) The quality of being acescent; the process of acetous fermentation; a moderate degree of sourness.

Acescent (n.) A substance liable to become sour.

Acetable (n.) An acetabulum; or about one eighth of a pint.

Acetabulum (n.) A vinegar cup; socket of the hip bone; a measure of about one eighth of a pint, etc.

Acetabulum (n.) The bony cup which receives the head of the thigh bone.

Acetabulum (n.) The cavity in which the leg of an insect is inserted at its articulation with the body.

Acetabulum (n.) A sucker of the sepia or cuttlefish and related animals.

Acetabulum (n.) The large posterior sucker of the leeches.

Acetabulum (n.) One of the lobes of the placenta in ruminating animals.

Acetal (n.) A limpid, colorless, inflammable liquid from the slow oxidation of alcohol under the influence of platinum black.

Acetaldehyde (n.) Acetic aldehyde. See Aldehyde.

Acetamide (n.) A white crystal

Acetanilide (n.) A compound of ani

Acetary (n.) An acid pulp in certain fruits, as the pear.

Acetate (n.) A salt formed by the union of acetic acid with a base or positive radical; as, acetate of lead, acetate of potash.

Acetification (n.) The act of making acetous or sour; the process of converting, or of becoming converted, into vinegar.

Acetifier (n.) An apparatus for hastening acetification.

Acetimeter (n.) An instrument for estimating the amount of acetic acid in vinegar or in any liquid containing acetic acid.

Acetimetry (n.) The act or method of ascertaining the strength of vinegar, or the proportion of acetic acid contained in it.

Acetin (n.) A combination of acetic acid with glycerin.

Acetometer (n.) Same as Acetimeter.

Acetone (n.) A volatile liquid consisting of three parts of carbon, six of hydrogen, and one of oxygen; pyroacetic spirit, -- obtained by the distillation of certain acetates, or by the destructive distillation of citric acid, starch, sugar, or gum, with quicklime.

Acetosity (n.) The quality of being acetous; sourness.

Acetyl (n.) A complex, hypothetical radical, composed of two parts of carbon to three of hydrogen and one of oxygen. Its hydroxide is acetic acid.

Acetylene (n.) A gaseous compound of carbon and hydrogen, in the proportion of two atoms of the former to two of the latter. It is a colorless gas, with a peculiar, unpleasant odor, and is produced for use as an illuminating gas in a number of ways, but chiefly by the action of water on calcium carbide. Its light is very brilliant.

Ach (n.) Alt. of Ache

Ache (n.) A name given to several species of plants; as, smallage, wild celery, parsley.

Achaian (n.) A native of Achaia; a Greek.

Acharnement (n.) Savage fierceness; ferocity.

Achate (n.) An agate.

Achate (n.) Purchase; bargaining.

Achate (n.) Provisions. Same as Cates.

Achatina (n.) A genus of land snails, often large, common in the warm parts of America and Africa.

Achatour (n.) Purveyor; acater.

Achene (n.) Alt. of Achenium

Achenium (n.) A small, dry, indehiscent fruit, containing a single seed, as in the buttercup; -- called a naked seed by the earlier botanists.

Acheron (n.) A river in the Nether World or infernal regions; also, the infernal regions themselves. By some of the English poets it was supposed to be a flaming lake or gulf.

Achievance (n.) Achievement.

Achievement (n.) The act of achieving or performing; an obtaining by exertion; successful performance; accomplishment; as, the achievement of his object.

Achievement (n.) A great or heroic deed; something accomplished by valor, boldness, or praiseworthy exertion; a feat.

Achievement (n.) An escutcheon or ensign armorial; now generally applied to the funeral shield commonly called hatchment.

Achiever (n.) One who achieves; a winner.

Achilles' tendon (n.) The strong tendon formed of the united tendons of the large muscles in the calf of the leg, an inserted into the bone of the heel; -- so called from the mythological account of Achilles being held by the heel when dipped in the River Styx.

Achiote (n.) Seeds of the annotto tree; also, the coloring matter, annotto.

Acholia (n.) Deficiency or want of bile.

Achromaticity (n.) Achromatism.

Achromatin (n.) Tissue which is not stained by fluid dyes.

Achromatism (n.) The state or quality of being achromatic; as, the achromatism of a lens; achromaticity.

Achromatization (n.) The act or process of achromatizing.

Achromatopsy (n.) Color blindness; inability to distinguish colors; Daltonism.

Achroodextrin (n.) Dextrin not colorable by iodine. See Dextrin.

Acicula (n.) One of the needlelike or bristlelike spines or prickles of some animals and plants; also, a needlelike crystal.

Aciculite (n.) Needle ore.

Acid (n.) A sour substance.

Acid (n.) One of a class of compounds, generally but not always distinguished by their sour taste, solubility in water, and reddening of vegetable blue or violet colors. They are also characterized by the power of destroying the distinctive properties of alkalies or bases, combining with them to form salts, at the same time losing their own peculiar properties. They all contain hydrogen, united with a more negative element or radical, either alone, or more generally with oxygen, and take th>

Acidification (n.) The act or process of acidifying, or changing into an acid.

Acidifier (n.) A simple or compound principle, whose presence is necessary to produce acidity, as oxygen, chlorine, bromine, iodine, etc.

Acidimeter (n.) An instrument for ascertaining the strength of acids.

Acidimetry (n.) The measurement of the strength of acids, especially by a chemical process based on the law of chemical combinations, or the fact that, to produce a complete reaction, a certain definite weight of reagent is required.

Acidity (n.) The quality of being sour; sourness; tartness; sharpness to the taste; as, the acidity of lemon juice.

Acidness (n.) Acidity; sourness.

Acierage (n.) The process of coating the surface of a metal plate (as a stereotype plate) with steellike iron by means of voltaic electricity; steeling.

Acinaces (n.) A short sword or saber.

Acinesia (n.) Same as Akinesia.

Acinus (n.) One of the small grains or drupelets which make up some kinds of fruit, as the blackberry, raspberry, etc.

Acinus (n.) A grapestone.

Acinus (n.) One of the granular masses which constitute a racemose or compound gland, as the pancreas; also, one of the saccular recesses in the lobules of a racemose gland.

Acipenser (n.) A genus of ganoid fishes, including the sturgeons, having the body armed with bony scales, and the mouth on the under side of the head. See Sturgeon.

Aciurgy (n.) Operative surgery.

Acknowledger (n.) One who acknowledges.

Acknowledgment (n.) The act of acknowledging; admission; avowal; owning; confession.

Acknowledgment (n.) The act of owning or recognized in a particular character or relationship; recognition as regards the existence, authority, truth, or genuineness.

Acknowledgment (n.) The owning of a benefit received; courteous recognition; expression of thanks.

Acknowledgment (n.) Something given or done in return for a favor, message, etc.

Acknowledgment (n.) A declaration or avowal of one's own act, to give it legal validity; as, the acknowledgment of a deed before a proper officer. Also, the certificate of the officer attesting such declaration.

Acme (n.) The top or highest point; the culmination.

Acme (n.) The crisis or height of a disease.

Acme (n.) Mature age; full bloom of life.

Acne (n.) A pustular affection of the skin, due to changes in the sebaceous glands.

Acnode (n.) An isolated point not upon a curve, but whose coordinates satisfy the equation of the curve so that it is considered as belonging to the curve.

Acology (n.) Materia medica; the science of remedies.

Acolothist (n.) See Acolythist.

Acolyctine (n.) An organic base, in the form of a white powder, obtained from Aconitum lycoctonum.

Acolyte (n.) One who has received the highest of the four minor orders in the Catholic church, being ordained to carry the wine and water and the lights at the Mass.

Acolyte (n.) One who attends; an assistant.

Acolyth (n.) Same as Acolyte.

Acolythist (n.) An acolyte.

Aconite (n.) The herb wolfsbane, or monkshood; -- applied to any plant of the genus Aconitum (tribe Hellebore), all the species of which are poisonous.

Aconite (n.) An extract or tincture obtained from Aconitum napellus, used as a poison and medicinally.

Aconitia (n.) Same as Aconitine.

Aconitine (n.) An intensely poisonous alkaloid, extracted from aconite.

Aconitum (n.) The poisonous herb aconite; also, an extract from it.

Acontias (n.) Anciently, a snake, called dart snake; now, one of a genus of reptiles closely allied to the lizards.

Acorn (n.) The fruit of the oak, being an oval nut growing in a woody cup or cupule.

Acorn (n.) A cone-shaped piece of wood on the point of the spindle above the vane, on the mast-head.

Acorn (n.) See Acorn-shell.

Acorn-shell (n.) One of the sessile cirripeds; a barnacle of the genus Balanus. See Barnacle.

Acosmism (n.) A denial of the existence of the universe as distinct from God.

Acosmist (n.) One who denies the existence of the universe, or of a universe as distinct from God.

Acotyledon (n.) A plant which has no cotyledons, as the dodder and all flowerless plants.

Acouchy (n.) A small species of agouti (Dasyprocta acouchy).

Acoumeter (n.) An instrument for measuring the acuteness of the sense of hearing.

Acoumetry (n.) The measuring of the power or extent of hearing.

Acoustic (n.) A medicine or agent to assist hearing.

Acoustician (n.) One versed in acoustics.

Acoustics (n.) The science of sounds, teaching their nature, phenomena, and laws.

Acquaintance (n.) A state of being acquainted, or of having intimate, or more than slight or superficial, knowledge; personal knowledge gained by intercourse short of that of friendship or intimacy; as, I know the man; but have no acquaintance with him.

Acquaintance (n.) A person or persons with whom one is acquainted.

Acquaintanceship (n.) A state of being acquainted; acquaintance.

Acquaintant (n.) An acquaintance.

Acquaintedness (n.) State of being acquainted; degree of acquaintance.

Acquest (n.) Acquisition; the thing gained.

Acquest (n.) Property acquired by purchase, gift, or otherwise than by inheritance.

Acquiescence (n.) A silent or passive assent or submission, or a submission with apparent content; -- distinguished from avowed consent on the one hand, and on the other, from opposition or open discontent; quiet satisfaction.

Acquiescence (n.) Submission to an injury by the party injured.

Acquiescence (n.) Tacit concurrence in the action of another.

Acquiescency (n.) The quality of being acquiescent; acquiescence.

Acquirability (n.) The quality of being acquirable; attainableness.

Acquirement (n.) The act of acquiring, or that which is acquired; attainment.

Acquirer (n.) A person who acquires.

Acquiry (n.) Acquirement.

Acquisition (n.) The act or process of acquiring.

Acquisition (n.) The thing acquired or gained; an acquirement; a gain; as, learning is an acquisition.

Acquisitiveness (n.) The quality of being acquisitive; propensity to acquire property; desire of possession.

Acquisitiveness (n.) The faculty to which the phrenologists attribute the desire of acquiring and possessing.

Acquisitor (n.) One who acquires.

Acquist (n.) Acquisition; gain.

Acquitment (n.) Acquittal.

Acquittal (n.) The act of acquitting; discharge from debt or obligation; acquittance.

Acquittal (n.) A setting free, or deliverance from the charge of an offense, by verdict of a jury or sentence of a court.

Acquittance (n.) The clearing off of debt or obligation; a release or discharge from debt or other liability.

Acquittance (n.) A writing which is evidence of a discharge; a receipt in full, which bars a further demand.

Acquitter (n.) One who acquits or releases.

Acrania (n.) Partial or total absence of the skull.

Acrania (n.) The lowest group of Vertebrata, including the amphioxus, in which no skull exists.

Acrasia (n.) Alt. of Acrasy

Acrasy (n.) Excess; intemperance.

Acre (n.) Any field of arable or pasture land.

Acre (n.) A piece of land, containing 160 square rods, or 4,840 square yards, or 43,560 square feet. This is the English statute acre. That of the United States is the same. The Scotch acre was about 1.26 of the English, and the Irish 1.62 of the English.

Acreage (n.) Acres collectively; as, the acreage of a farm or a country.

Acridity (n.) Alt. of Acridness

Acridness (n.) The quality of being acrid or pungent; irritant bitterness; acrimony; as, the acridity of a plant, of a speech.

Acrimoniousness (n.) The quality of being acrimonious; asperity; acrimony.

Acrimony (n.) A quality of bodies which corrodes or destroys others; also, a harsh or biting sharpness; as, the acrimony of the juices of certain plants.

Acrimony (n.) Sharpness or severity, as of language or temper; irritating bitterness of disposition or manners.

Acrisia (n.) Alt. of Acrisy

Acrisy (n.) Inability to judge.

Acrisy (n.) Undecided character of a disease.

Acritan (n.) An individual of the Acrita.

Acritochromacy (n.) Color blindness; achromatopsy.

Acritude (n.) Acridity; pungency joined with heat.

Acrity (n.) Sharpness; keenness.

Acrobat (n.) One who practices rope dancing, high vaulting, or other daring gymnastic feats.

Acrobatism (n.) Feats of the acrobat; daring gymnastic feats; high vaulting.

Acrocephaly (n.) Loftiness of skull.

Acrodactylum (n.) The upper surface of the toes, individually.

Acrodont (n.) One of a group of lizards having the teeth immovably united to the top of the alveolar ridge.

Acrogen (n.) A plant of the highest class of cryptogams, including the ferns, etc. See Cryptogamia.

Acrolein (n.) A limpid, colorless, highly volatile liquid, obtained by the dehydration of glycerin, or the destructive distillation of neutral fats containing glycerin. Its vapors are intensely irritating.

Acrolith (n.) A statue whose extremities are of stone, the trunk being generally of wood.

Acromegaly (n.) Chronic enlargement of the extremities and face.

Acromion (n.) The outer extremity of the shoulder blade.

Acrophony (n.) The use of a picture symbol of an object to represent phonetically the initial sound of the name of the object.

Acropodium (n.) The entire upper surface of the foot.

Acropolis (n.) The upper part, or the citadel, of a Grecian city; especially, the citadel of Athens.

Acrospire (n.) The sprout at the end of a seed when it begins to germinate; the plumule in germination; -- so called from its spiral form.

Acrospore (n.) A spore borne at the extremity of the cells of fructification in fungi.

Across (n.) From side to side; athwart; crosswise, or in a direction opposed to the length; quite over; as, a bridge laid across a river.

Acrostic (n.) A composition, usually in verse, in which the first or the last letters of the

Acrostic (n.) A Hebrew poem in which the

Acrostic (n.) Alt. of Acrostical

Acrostical (n.) Pertaining to, or characterized by, acrostics.

Acrotarsium (n.) The instep or front of the tarsus.

Acroteleutic (n.) The end of a verse or psalm, or something added thereto, to be sung by the people, by way of a response.

Acroter (n.) Same as Acroterium.

Acroterium (n.) One of the small pedestals, for statues or other ornaments, placed on the apex and at the basal angles of a pediment. Acroteria are also sometimes placed upon the gables in Gothic architecture.

Acroterium (n.) One of the pedestals, for vases or statues, forming a part roof balustrade.

Acrotism (n.) Lack or defect of pulsation.

Act (n.) That which is done or doing; the exercise of power, or the effect, of which power exerted is the cause; a performance; a deed.

Act (n.) The result of public deliberation; the decision or determination of a legislative body, council, court of justice, etc.; a decree, edit, law, judgment, resolve, award; as, an act of Parliament, or of Congress.

Act (n.) A formal solemn writing, expressing that something has been done.

Act (n.) A performance of part of a play; one of the principal divisions of a play or dramatic work in which a certain definite part of the action is completed.

Act (n.) A thesis maintained in public, in some English universities, by a candidate for a degree, or to show the proficiency of a student.

Act (n.) A state of reality or real existence as opposed to a possibility or possible existence.

Act (n.) Process of doing; action. In act, in the very doing; on the point of (doing).

Actinia (n.) An animal of the class Anthozoa, and family Actinidae. From a resemblance to flowers in form and color, they are often called animal flowers and sea anemones. [See Polyp.].

Actinia (n.) A genus in the family Actinidae.

Actinism (n.) The property of radiant energy (found chiefly in solar or electric light) by which chemical changes are produced, as in photography.

Actinium (n.) A supposed metal, said by Phipson to be contained in commercial zinc; -- so called because certain of its compounds are darkened by exposure to light.

Actino-chemistry (n.) Chemistry in its relations to actinism.

Actinograph (n.) An instrument for measuring and recording the variations in the actinic or chemical force of rays of light.

Actinolite (n.) A bright green variety of amphibole occurring usually in fibrous or columnar masses.

Actinology (n.) The science which treats of rays of light, especially of the actinic or chemical rays.

Actinomere (n.) One of the radial segments composing the body of one of the Coelenterata.

Actinometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the direct heating power of the sun's rays.

Actinometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the actinic effect of rays of light.

Actinometry (n.) The measurement of the force of solar radiation.

Actinometry (n.) The measurement of the chemical or actinic energy of light.

Actinosome (n.) The entire body of a coelenterate.

Actinost (n.) One of the bones at the base of a paired fin of a fish.

Actinostome (n.) The mouth or anterior opening of a coelenterate animal.

Actinozoon (n.) One of the Actinozoa.

Action (n.) A process or condition of acting or moving, as opposed to rest; the doing of something; exertion of power or force, as when one body acts on another; the effect of power exerted on one body by another; agency; activity; operation; as, the action of heat; a man of action.

Action (n.) An act; a thing done; a deed; an enterprise. (pl.): Habitual deeds; hence, conduct; behavior; demeanor.

Action (n.) The event or connected series of events, either real or imaginary, forming the subject of a play, poem, or other composition; the unfolding of the drama of events.

Action (n.) Movement; as, the horse has a spirited action.

Action (n.) Effective motion; also, mechanism; as, the breech action of a gun.

Action (n.) Any one of the active processes going on in an organism; the performance of a function; as, the action of the heart, the muscles, or the gastric juice.

Action (n.) Gesticulation; the external deportment of the speaker, or the suiting of his attitude, voice, gestures, and countenance, to the subject, or to the feelings.

Action (n.) The attitude or position of the several parts of the body as expressive of the sentiment or passion depicted.

Action (n.) A suit or process, by which a demand is made of a right in a court of justice; in a broad sense, a judicial proceeding for the enforcement or protection of a right, the redress or prevention of a wrong, or the punishment of a public offense.

Action (n.) A right of action; as, the law gives an action for every claim.

Action (n.) A share in the capital stock of a joint-stock company, or in the public funds; hence, in the plural, equivalent to stocks.

Action (n.) An engagement between troops in war, whether on land or water; a battle; a fight; as, a general action, a partial action.

Action (n.) The mechanical contrivance by means of which the impulse of the player's finger is transmitted to the strings of a pianoforte or to the valve of an organ pipe.

Actionary (n.) Alt. of Actionist

Actionist (n.) A shareholder in joint-stock company.

Activeness (n.) The quality of being active; nimbleness; quickness of motion; activity.

Activity (n.) The state or quality of being active; nimbleness; agility; vigorous action or operation; energy; active force; as, an increasing variety of human activities.

Acton (n.) A stuffed jacket worn under the mail, or (later) a jacket plated with mail.

Actor (n.) One who acts, or takes part in any affair; a doer.

Actor (n.) A theatrical performer; a stageplayer.

Actor (n.) An advocate or proctor in civil courts or causes.

Actor (n.) One who institutes a suit; plaintiff or complainant.

Actress (n.) A female actor or doer.

Actress (n.) A female stageplayer; a woman who acts a part.

Actual (n.) Something actually received; real, as distinct from estimated, receipts.

Actualist (n.) One who deals with or considers actually existing facts and conditions, rather than fancies or theories; -- opposed to idealist.

Actuality (n.) The state of being actual; reality; as, the actuality of God's nature.

Actualization (n.) A making actual or really existent.

Actualness (n.) Quality of being actual; actuality.

Actuary (n.) A registrar or clerk; -- used originally in courts of civil law jurisdiction, but in Europe used for a clerk or registrar generally.

Actuary (n.) The computing official of an insurance company; one whose profession it is to calculate for insurance companies the risks and premiums for life, fire, and other insurances.

Actuation (n.) A bringing into action; movement.

Actuator (n.) One who actuates, or puts into action.

Actuosity (n.) Abundant activity.

Acture (n.) Action.

Acturience (n.) Tendency or impulse to act.

Acuation (n.) Act of sharpening.

Acuition (n.) The act of sharpening.

Acuity (n.) Sharpness or acuteness, as of a needle, wit, etc.

Aculeus (n.) A prickle growing on the bark, as in some brambles and roses.

Aculeus (n.) A sting.

Acumen (n.) Quickness of perception or discernment; penetration of mind; the faculty of nice discrimination.

Acumination (n.) A sharpening; termination in a sharp point; a tapering point.

Acupressure (n.) A mode of arresting hemorrhage resulting from wounds or surgical operations, by passing under the divided vessel a needle, the ends of which are left exposed externally on the cutaneous surface.

Acupuncturation (n.) See Acupuncture.

Acupuncture (n.) Pricking with a needle; a needle prick.

Acupuncture (n.) The insertion of needles into the living tissues for remedial purposes.

Acustumaunce (n.) See Accustomance.

Acuteness (n.) The quality of being acute or pointed; sharpness; as, the acuteness of an angle.

Acuteness (n.) The faculty of nice discernment or perception; acumen; keenness; sharpness; sensitiveness; -- applied to the senses, or the understanding. By acuteness of feeling, we perceive small objects or slight impressions: by acuteness of intellect, we discern nice distinctions.

Acuteness (n.) Shrillness; high pitch; -- said of sounds.

Acuteness (n.) Violence of a disease, which brings it speedily to a crisis.

Adage (n.) An old saying, which has obtained credit by long use; a proverb.

Adagio (n.) A piece of music in adagio time; a slow movement; as, an adagio of Haydn.

Adam (n.) The name given in the Bible to the first man, the progenitor of the human race.

Adam (n.) "Original sin;" human frailty.

Adamant (n.) A stone imagined by some to be of impenetrable hardness; a name given to the diamond and other substances of extreme hardness; but in modern mineralogy it has no technical signification. It is now a rhetorical or poetical name for the embodiment of impenetrable hardness.

Adamant (n.) Lodestone; magnet.

Adamite (n.) A descendant of Adam; a human being.

Adamite (n.) One of a sect of visionaries, who, professing to imitate the state of Adam, discarded the use of dress in their assemblies.

Adansonia (n.) A genus of great trees related to the Bombax. There are two species, A. digitata, the baobab or monkey-bread of Africa and India, and A. Gregorii, the sour gourd or cream-of-tartar tree of Australia. Both have a trunk of moderate height, but of enormous diameter, and a wide-spreading head. The fruit is oblong, and filled with pleasantly acid pulp. The wood is very soft, and the bark is used by the natives for making ropes and cloth.

Adaptability (n.) Alt. of Adaptableness

Adaptableness (n.) The quality of being adaptable; suitableness.

Adaptation (n.) The act or process of adapting, or fitting; or the state of being adapted or fitted; fitness.

Adaptation (n.) The result of adapting; an adapted form.

Adaptedness (n.) The state or quality of being adapted; suitableness; special fitness.

Adapter (n.) One who adapts.

Adapter (n.) A connecting tube; an adopter.

Adaption (n.) Adaptation.

Adaptiveness (n.) The quality of being adaptive; capacity to adapt.

Adaptness (n.) Adaptedness.

Adar (n.) The twelfth month of the Hebrew ecclesiastical year, and the sixth of the civil. It corresponded nearly with March.

Adarce (n.) A saltish concretion on reeds and grass in marshy grounds in Galatia. It is soft and porous, and was formerly used for cleansing the skin from freckles and tetters, and also in leprosy.

Adatis (n.) A fine cotton cloth of India.

Addax (n.) One of the largest African antelopes (Hippotragus, / Oryx, nasomaculatus).

Addendum (n.) A thing to be added; an appendix or addition.

Adder (n.) One who, or that which, adds; esp., a machine for adding numbers.

Adder (n.) A serpent.

Adder (n.) A small venomous serpent of the genus Vipera. The common European adder is the Vipera (/ Pelias) berus. The puff adders of Africa are species of Clotho.

Adder (n.) In America, the term is commonly applied to several harmless snakes, as the milk adder, puffing adder, etc.

Adder (n.) Same as Sea Adder.

Adder's-tongue (n.) A genus of ferns (Ophioglossum), whose seeds are produced on a spike resembling a serpent's tongue.

Adder's-tongue (n.) The yellow dogtooth violet.

Adderwort (n.) The common bistort or snakeweed (Polygonum bistorta).

Addibility (n.) The quantity of being addible; capability of addition.

Addice (n.) See Adze.

Addictedness (n.) The quality or state of being addicted; attachment.

Addiction (n.) The state of being addicted; devotion; inclination.

Additament (n.) An addition, or a thing added.

Addition (n.) The act of adding two or more things together; -- opposed to subtraction or diminution.

Addition (n.) Anything added; increase; augmentation; as, a piazza is an addition to a building.

Addition (n.) That part of arithmetic which treats of adding numbers.

Addition (n.) A dot at the right side of a note as an indication that its sound is to be lengthened one half.

Addition (n.) A title annexed to a man's name, to identify him more precisely; as, John Doe, Esq.; Richard Roe, Gent.; Robert Dale, Mason; Thomas Way, of New York; a mark of distinction; a title.

Addition (n.) Something added to a coat of arms, as a mark of honor; -- opposed to abatement.

Additional (n.) Something added.

Addle (n.) Liquid filth; mire.

Addle (n.) Lees; dregs.

Addle-brain (n.) Alt. of Addle-pate

Addle-head (n.) Alt. of Addle-pate

Addle-pate (n.) A foolish or dull-witted fellow.

Addle-patedness (n.) Stupidity.

Addressee (n.) One to whom anything is addressed.

Addression (n.) The act of addressing or directing one's course.

Adducer (n.) One who adduces.

Adduction (n.) The act of adducing or bringing forward.

Adduction (n.) The action by which the parts of the body are drawn towards its axis]; -- opposed to abduction.

Adductor (n.) A muscle which draws a limb or part of the body toward the middle

Adelantadillo (n.) A Spanish red wine made of the first ripe grapes.

Adelantado (n.) A governor of a province; a commander.

Adelaster (n.) A provisional name for a plant which has not had its flowers botanically examined, and therefore has not been referred to its proper genus.

Adeling (n.) Same as Atheling.

Adelopod (n.) An animal having feet that are not apparent.

Adelphia (n.) A "brotherhood," or collection of stamens in a bundle; -- used in composition, as in the class names, Monadelphia, Diadelphia, etc.

Ademption (n.) The revocation or taking away of a grant donation, legacy, or the like.

Adenalgia (n.) Alt. of Adenalgy

Adenalgy (n.) Pain in a gland.

Adenitis (n.) Glandular inflammation.

Adenography (n.) That part of anatomy which describes the glands.

Adenology (n.) The part of physiology that treats of the glands.

Adenotomy (n.) Dissection of, or incision into, a gland or glands.

Adeps (n.) Animal fat; lard.

Adept (n.) One fully skilled or well versed in anything; a proficient; as, adepts in philosophy.

Adeptist (n.) A skilled alchemist.

Adeptness (n.) The quality of being adept; skill.

Adequacy (n.) The state or quality of being adequate, proportionate, or sufficient; a sufficiency for a particular purpose; as, the adequacy of supply to the expenditure.

Adequateness (n.) The quality of being adequate; suitableness; sufficiency; adequacy.

Adequation (n.) The act of equalizing; act or result of making adequate; an equivalent.

Adesmy (n.) The division or defective coherence of an organ that is usually entire.

Adessenarian (n.) One who held the real presence of Christ's body in the eucharist, but not by transubstantiation.

Adfiliation (n.) See Affiliation.

Adfluxion (n.) See Affluxion.

Adherence (n.) The quality or state of adhering.

Adherence (n.) The state of being fixed in attachment; fidelity; steady attachment; adhesion; as, adherence to a party or to opinions.

Adherency (n.) The state or quality of being adherent; adherence.

Adherency (n.) That which adheres.

Adherent (n.) One who adheres; one who adheres; one who follows a leader, party, or profession; a follower, or partisan; a believer in a particular faith or church.

Adherent (n.) That which adheres; an appendage.

Adherer (n.) One who adheres; an adherent.

Adhesion (n.) The action of sticking; the state of being attached; intimate union; as, the adhesion of glue, or of parts united by growth, cement, or the like.

Adhesion (n.) Adherence; steady or firm attachment; fidelity; as, adhesion to error, to a policy.

Adhesion (n.) Agreement to adhere; concurrence; assent.

Adhesion (n.) The molecular attraction exerted between bodies in contact. See Cohesion.

Adhesion (n.) Union of surface, normally separate, by the formation of new tissue resulting from an inflammatory process.

Adhesion (n.) The union of parts which are separate in other plants, or in younger states of the same plant.

Adhesiveness (n.) The quality of sticking or adhering; stickiness; tenacity of union.

Adhesiveness (n.) Propensity to form and maintain attachments to persons, and to promote social intercourse.

Adhibition (n.) The act of adhibiting; application; use.

Adhortation (n.) Advice; exhortation.

Adiantum (n.) A genus of ferns, the leaves of which shed water; maidenhair. Also, the black maidenhair, a species of spleenwort.

Adiaphorism (n.) Religious indifference.

Adiaphorist (n.) One of the German Protestants who, with Melanchthon, held some opinions and ceremonies to be indifferent or nonessential, which Luther condemned as sinful or heretical.

Adiaphorite (n.) Same as Adiaphorist.

Adiaphory (n.) Indifference.

Adieu (n.) A farewell; commendation to the care of God at parting.

Adipoceration (n.) The act or process of changing into adipocere.

Adipocere (n.) A soft, unctuous, or waxy substance, of a light brown color, into which the fat and muscle tissue of dead bodies sometimes are converted, by long immersion in water or by burial in moist places. It is a result of fatty degeneration.

Adiposeness (n.) Alt. of Adiposity

Adiposity (n.) The state of being fat; fatness.

Adipsy (n.) Absence of thirst.

Adit (n.) An entrance or passage. Specifically: The nearly horizontal opening by which a mine is entered, or by which water and ores are carried away; -- called also drift and tunnel.

Adit (n.) Admission; approach; access.

Adjacent (n.) That which is adjacent.

Adjection (n.) The act or mode of adding; also, the thing added.

Adjective (n.) Added to a substantive as an attribute; of the nature of an adjunct; as, an adjective word or sentence.

Adjective (n.) Not standing by itself; dependent.

Adjective (n.) Relating to procedure.

Adjective (n.) A word used with a noun, or substantive, to express a quality of the thing named, or something attributed to it, or to limit or define it, or to specify or describe a thing, as distinct from something else. Thus, in phrase, "a wise ruler," wise is the adjective, expressing a property of ruler.

Adjective (n.) A dependent; an accessory.

Adjoint (n.) An adjunct; a helper.

Adjournal (n.) Adjournment; postponement.

Adjournment (n.) The act of adjourning; the putting off till another day or time specified, or without day.

Adjournment (n.) The time or interval during which a public body adjourns its sittings or postpones business.

Adjudger (n.) One who adjudges.

Adjudgment (n.) The act of adjudging; judicial decision; adjudication.

Adjudication (n.) The act of adjudicating; the act or process of trying and determining judicially.

Adjudication (n.) A deliberate determination by the judicial power; a judicial decision or sentence.

Adjudication (n.) The decision upon the question whether the debtor is a bankrupt.

Adjudication (n.) A process by which land is attached security or in satisfaction of a debt.

Adjudicator (n.) One who adjudicates.

Adjudicature (n.) Adjudication.

Adjument (n.) Help; support; also, a helper.

Adjuvant (n.) A substance added to an immunogenic agent to enhance the production of antibodies.

Adjuvant (n.) A substance added to a formulation of a drug which enhances the effect of the active ingredient.

Adjunct (n.) Something joined or added to another thing, but not essentially a part of it.

Adjunct (n.) A person joined to another in some duty or service; a colleague; an associate.

Adjunct (n.) A word or words added to quality or amplify the force of other words; as, the History of the American Revolution, where the words in italics are the adjunct or adjuncts of "History."

Adjunct (n.) A quality or property of the body or the mind, whether natural or acquired; as, color, in the body, judgment in the mind.

Adjunct (n.) A key or scale closely related to another as principal; a relative or attendant key. [R.] See Attendant keys, under Attendant, a.

Adjunction (n.) The act of joining; the thing joined or added.

Adjunctive (n.) One who, or that which, is joined.

Adjuration (n.) The act of adjuring; a solemn charging on oath, or under the penalty of a curse; an earnest appeal.

Adjuration (n.) The form of oath or appeal.

Adjurer (n.) One who adjures.

Adjustage (n.) Adjustment.

Adjuster (n.) One who, or that which, adjusts.

Adjustment (n.) The act of adjusting, or condition of being adjusted; act of bringing into proper relations; regulation.

Adjustment (n.) Settlement of claims; an equitable arrangement of conflicting claims, as in set-off, contribution, exoneration, subrogation, and marshaling.

Adjustment (n.) The operation of bringing all the parts of an instrument, as a microscope or telescope, into their proper relative position for use; the condition of being thus adjusted; as, to get a good adjustment; to be in or out of adjustment.

Adjutage (n.) Same as Ajutage.

Adjutancy (n.) The office of an adjutant.

Adjutancy (n.) Skillful arrangement in aid; assistance.

Adjutant (n.) A helper; an assistant.

Adjutant (n.) A regimental staff officer, who assists the colonel, or commanding officer of a garrison or regiment, in the details of regimental and garrison duty.

Adjutant (n.) A species of very large stork (Ciconia argala), a native of India; -- called also the gigantic crane, and by the native name argala. It is noted for its serpent-destroying habits.

Adjutator (n.) A corruption of Agitator.

Adjutor (n.) A helper or assistant.

Adjutrix (n.) A female helper or assistant.

Adjuvant (n.) An assistant.

Adjuvant (n.) An ingredient, in a prescription, which aids or modifies the action of the principal ingredient.

Adlegation (n.) A right formerly claimed by the states of the German Empire of joining their own ministers with those of the emperor in public treaties and negotiations to the common interest of the empire.

Adlocution (n.) See Allocution.

Admeasurer (n.) One who admeasures.

Admensuration (n.) Same as Admeasurement.

Adminicle (n.) Help or support; an auxiliary.

Adminicle (n.) Corroborative or explanatory proof.

Administer (n.) Administrator.

Administrant (n.) One who administers.

Administration (n.) The act of administering; government of public affairs; the service rendered, or duties assumed, in conducting affairs; the conducting of any office or employment; direction; management.

Administration (n.) The executive part of government; the persons collectively who are intrusted with the execution of laws and the superintendence of public affairs; the chief magistrate and his cabinet or council; or the council, or ministry, alone, as in Great Britain.

Administration (n.) The act of administering, or tendering something to another; dispensation; as, the administration of a medicine, of an oath, of justice, or of the sacrament.

Administration (n.) The management and disposal, under legal authority, of the estate of an intestate, or of a testator having no competent executor.

Administration (n.) The management of an estate of a deceased person by an executor, the strictly corresponding term execution not being in use.

Administrator (n.) One who administers affairs; one who directs, manages, executes, or dispenses, whether in civil, judicial, political, or ecclesiastical affairs; a manager.

Administrator (n.) A man who manages or settles the estate of an intestate, or of a testator when there is no competent executor; one to whom the right of administration has been committed by competent authority.

Administratorship (n.) The position or office of an administrator.

Administratrix (n.) A woman who administers; esp., one who administers the estate of an intestate, or to whom letters of administration have been granted; a female administrator.

Admirability (n.) Admirableness.

Admirableness (n.) The quality of being admirable; wonderful excellence.

Admiral (n.) A naval officer of the highest rank; a naval officer of high rank, of which there are different grades. The chief gradations in rank are admiral, vice admiral, and rear admiral. The admiral is the commander in chief of a fleet or of fleets.

Admiral (n.) The ship which carries the admiral; also, the most considerable ship of a fleet.

Admiral (n.) A handsome butterfly (Pyrameis Atalanta) of Europe and America. The larva feeds on nettles.

Admiralship (n.) The office or position oaf an admiral; also, the naval skill of an admiral.

Admiralty (n.) The office or jurisdiction of an admiral.

Admiralty (n.) The department or officers having authority over naval affairs generally.

Admiralty (n.) The court which has jurisdiction of maritime questions and offenses.

Admiralty (n.) The system of jurisprudence of admiralty courts.

Admiralty (n.) The building in which the lords of the admiralty, in England, transact business.

Admirance (n.) Admiration.

Admiration (n.) Wonder; astonishment.

Admiration (n.) Wonder mingled with approbation or delight; an emotion excited by a person or thing possessed of wonderful or high excellence; as, admiration of a beautiful woman, of a landscape, of virtue.

Admiration (n.) Cause of admiration; something to excite wonder, or pleased surprise; a prodigy.

Admirer (n.) One who admires; one who esteems or loves greatly.

Admissibility (n.) The quality of being admissible; admissibleness; as, the admissibility of evidence.

Admission (n.) The act or practice of admitting.

Admission (n.) Power or permission to enter; admittance; entrance; access; power to approach.

Admission (n.) The granting of an argument or position not fully proved; the act of acknowledging something /serted; acknowledgment; concession.

Admission (n.) Acquiescence or concurrence in a statement made by another, and distinguishable from a confession in that an admission presupposes prior inquiry by another, but a confession may be made without such inquiry.

Admission (n.) A fact, point, or statement admitted; as, admission made out of court are received in evidence.

Admission (n.) Declaration of the bishop that he approves of the presentee as a fit person to serve the cure of the church to which he is presented.

Admittance (n.) The act of admitting.

Admittance (n.) Permission to enter; the power or right of entrance; also, actual entrance; reception.

Admittance (n.) Concession; admission; allowance; as, the admittance of an argument.

Admittance (n.) Admissibility.

Admittance (n.) The act of giving possession of a copyhold estate.

Admittatur (n.) The certificate of admission given in some American colleges.

Admitter (n.) One who admits.

Admixtion (n.) A mingling of different things; admixture.

Admixture (n.) The act of mixing; mixture.

Admixture (n.) The compound formed by mixing different substances together.

Admixture (n.) That which is mixed with anything.

Admonisher (n.) One who admonishes.

Admonishment (n.) Admonition.

Admonition (n.) Gentle or friendly reproof; counseling against a fault or error; expression of authoritative advice; friendly caution or warning.

Admonitioner (n.) Admonisher.

Admonitor (n.) Admonisher; monitor.

Admonitrix (n.) A female admonitor.

Admortization (n.) The reducing or lands or tenements to mortmain. See Mortmain.

Adnation (n.) The adhesion or cohesion of different floral verticils or sets of organs.

Adnoun (n.) An adjective, or attribute.

Ado (n.) To do; in doing; as, there is nothing ado.

Ado (n.) Doing; trouble; difficulty; troublesome business; fuss; bustle; as, to make a great ado about trifles.

Adobe (n.) An unburnt brick dried in the sun; also used as an adjective, as, an adobe house, in Texas or New Mexico.

Adolescence (n.) The state of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; youth, or the period of life between puberty and maturity, generally considered to be, in the male sex, from fourteen to twenty-one. Sometimes used with reference to the lower animals.

Adolescency (n.) The quality of being adolescent; youthfulness.

Adolescent (n.) A youth.

Adonic (n.) An Adonic verse.

Adonis (n.) A youth beloved by Venus for his beauty. He was killed in the chase by a wild boar.

Adonis (n.) A preeminently beautiful young man; a dandy.

Adonis (n.) A genus of plants of the family Ranunculaceae, containing the pheasant's eye (Adonis autumnalis); -- named from Adonis, whose blood was fabled to have stained the flower.

Adonist (n.) One who maintains that points of the Hebrew word translated "Jehovah" are really the vowel points of the word "Adonai." See Jehovist.

Adopter (n.) One who adopts.

Adopter (n.) A receiver, with two necks, opposite to each other, one of which admits the neck of a retort, and the other is joined to another receiver. It is used in distillations, to give more space to elastic vapors, to increase the length of the neck of a retort, or to unite two vessels whose openings have different diameters.

Adoption (n.) The act of adopting, or state of being adopted; voluntary acceptance of a child of other parents to be the same as one's own child.

Adoption (n.) Admission to a more intimate relation; reception; as, the adoption of persons into hospitals or monasteries, or of one society into another.

Adoption (n.) The choosing and making that to be one's own which originally was not so; acceptance; as, the adoption of opinions.

Adoptionist (n.) One of a sect which maintained that Christ was the Son of God not by nature but by adoption.

Adorability (n.) Adorableness.

Adorableness (n.) The quality of being adorable, or worthy of adoration.

Adoration (n.) The act of playing honor to a divine being; the worship paid to God; the act of addressing as a god.

Adoration (n.) Homage paid to one in high esteem; profound veneration; intense regard and love; fervent devotion.

Adoration (n.) A method of electing a pope by the expression of homage from two thirds of the conclave.

Adorement (n.) The act of adoring; adoration.

Adorer (n.) One who adores; a worshiper; one who admires or loves greatly; an ardent admirer.

Adorn (n.) Adornment.

Adornation (n.) Adornment.

Adorner (n.) He who, or that which, adorns; a beautifier.

Adornment (n.) An adorning; an ornament; a decoration.

Adosculation (n.) Impregnation by external contact, without intromission.

Adragant (n.) Gum tragacanth.

Adrogation (n.) A kind of adoption in ancient Rome. See Arrogation.

Adroitness (n.) The quality of being adroit; skill and readiness; dexterity.

Adscript (n.) One held to service as attached to the glebe or estate; a feudal serf.

Adsignification (n.) Additional signification.

Adstrict (n.) See Astrict, and Astriction.

Adularia (n.) A transparent or translucent variety of common feldspar, or orthoclase, which often shows pearly opalescent reflections; -- called by lapidaries moonstone.

Adulation (n.) Servile flattery; praise in excess, or beyond what is merited.

Adulator (n.) A servile or hypocritical flatterer.

Adulatress (n.) A woman who flatters with servility.

Adult (n.) A person, animal, or plant grown to full size and strength; one who has reached maturity.

Adulterant (n.) That which is used to adulterate anything.

Adulteration (n.) The act of adulterating; corruption, or debasement (esp. of food or drink) by foreign mixture.

Adulteration (n.) An adulterated state or product.

Adulterator (n.) One who adulterates or corrupts.

Adulterer (n.) A man who commits adultery; a married man who has sexual intercourse with a woman not his wife.

Adulterer (n.) A man who violates his religious covenant.

Adulteress (n.) A woman who commits adultery.

Adulteress (n.) A woman who violates her religious engagements.

Adulterine (n.) An illegitimate child.

Adultery (n.) The unfaithfulness of a married person to the marriage bed; sexual intercourse by a married man with another than his wife, or voluntary sexual intercourse by a married woman with another than her husband.

Adultery (n.) Adulteration; corruption.

Adultery (n.) Lewdness or unchastity of thought as well as act, as forbidden by the seventh commandment.

Adultery (n.) Faithlessness in religion.

Adultery (n.) The fine and penalty imposed for the offense of adultery.

Adultery (n.) The intrusion of a person into a bishopric during the life of the bishop.

Adultery (n.) Injury; degradation; ruin.

Adultness (n.) The state of being adult.

Adumbration (n.) The act of adumbrating, or shadowing forth.

Adumbration (n.) A faint sketch; an out

Adumbration (n.) The shadow or out

Adunation (n.) A uniting; union.

Aduncity (n.) Curvature inwards; hookedness.

Adustion (n.) The act of burning, or heating to dryness; the state of being thus heated or dried.

Adustion (n.) Cauterization.

Advancer (n.) One who advances; a promoter.

Advancer (n.) A second branch of a buck's antler.

Advantage (n.) Any condition, circumstance, opportunity, or means, particularly favorable to success, or to any desired end; benefit; as, the enemy had the advantage of a more elevated position.

Advantage (n.) Superiority; mastery; -- with of or over.

Advantage (n.) Superiority of state, or that which gives it; benefit; gain; profit; as, the advantage of a good constitution.

Advantage (n.) Interest of money; increase; overplus (as the thirteenth in the baker's dozen).

Advantageousness (n.) Profitableness.

Advent (n.) The period including the four Sundays before Christmas.

Advent (n.) The first or the expected second coming of Christ.

Advent (n.) Coming; any important arrival; approach.

Adventist (n.) One of a religious body, embracing several branches, who look for the proximate personal coming of Christ; -- called also Second Adventists.

Adventive (n.) A thing or person coming from without; an immigrant.

Adventure (n.) That which happens without design; chance; hazard; hap; hence, chance of danger or loss.

Adventure (n.) Risk; danger; peril.

Adventure (n.) The encountering of risks; hazardous and striking enterprise; a bold undertaking, in which hazards are to be encountered, and the issue is staked upon unforeseen events; a daring feat.

Adventure (n.) A remarkable occurrence; a striking event; a stirring incident; as, the adventures of one's life.

Adventure (n.) A mercantile or speculative enterprise of hazard; a venture; a shipment by a merchant on his own account.

Adventure (n.) To risk, or hazard; jeopard; to venture.

Adventure (n.) To venture upon; to run the risk of; to dare.

Adventurer (n.) One who adventures; as, the merchant adventurers; one who seeks his fortune in new and hazardous or perilous enterprises.

Adventurer (n.) A social pretender on the lookout for advancement.

Adventuress (n.) A female adventurer; a woman who tries to gain position by equivocal means.

Adventurous (n.) Inc

Adventurous (n.) Full of hazard; attended with risk; exposing to danger; requiring courage; rash; -- applied to acts; as, an adventurous undertaking, deed, song.

Adventurousness (n.) The quality or state of being adventurous; daring; venturesomeness.

Adverb (n.) A word used to modify the sense of a verb, participle, adjective, or other adverb, and usually placed near it; as, he writes well; paper extremely white.

Adverbiality (n.) The quality of being adverbial.

Adversary (n.) One who is turned against another or others with a design to oppose or resist them; a member of an opposing or hostile party; an opponent; an antagonist; an enemy; a foe.

Adversative (n.) An adversative word.

Adverseness (n.) The quality or state of being adverse; opposition.

Adversion (n.) A turning towards; attention.

Adversity (n.) Opposition; contrariety.

Advertisement (n.) The act of informing or notifying; notification.

Advertisement (n.) Admonition; advice; warning.

Advertisement (n.) A public notice, especially a paid notice in some public print; anything that advertises; as, a newspaper containing many advertisements.

Advertiser (n.) One who, or that which, advertises.

Advice (n.) An opinion recommended or offered, as worthy to be followed; counsel.

Advice (n.) Deliberate consideration; knowledge.

Advice (n.) Information or notice given; intelligence; as, late advices from France; -- commonly in the plural.

Advice (n.) Counseling to perform a specific illegal act.

Advisability (n.) The quality of being advisable; advisableness.

Advisable-ness (n.) The quality of being advisable or expedient; expediency; advisability.

Advisedness (n.) Deliberate consideration; prudent procedure; caution.

Advisement (n.) Counsel; advice; information.

Advisement (n.) Consideration; deliberation; consultation.

Adviser (n.) One who advises.

Advisership (n.) The office of an adviser.

Adviso (n.) Advice; counsel; suggestion; also, a dispatch or advice boat.

Advocacy (n.) The act of pleading for or supporting; work of advocating; intercession.

Advocate (n.) One who pleads the cause of another. Specifically: One who pleads the cause of another before a tribunal or judicial court; a counselor.

Advocate (n.) One who defends, vindicates, or espouses any cause by argument; a pleader; as, an advocate of free trade, an advocate of truth.

Advocate (n.) Christ, considered as an intercessor.

Advocate (n.) To plead in favor of; to defend by argument, before a tribunal or the public; to support, vindicate, or recommend publicly.

Advocateship (n.) Office or duty of an advocate.

Advocation (n.) The act of advocating or pleading; plea; advocacy.

Advocation (n.) Advowson.

Advocation (n.) The process of removing a cause from an inferior court to the supreme court.

Advolution (n.) A rolling toward something.

Advoutrer (n.) An adulterer.

Advoutress (n.) An adulteress.

Advoutry (n.) Alt. of Advowtry

Advowtry (n.) Adultery.

Advowee (n.) One who has an advowson.

Advowson (n.) The right of presenting to a vacant benefice or living in the church. [Originally, the relation of a patron (advocatus) or protector of a benefice, and thus privileged to nominate or present to it.]

Advoyer (n.) See Avoyer.

Adward (n.) Award.

Adynamia (n.) Considerable debility of the vital powers, as in typhoid fever.

Adynamy (n.) Adynamia.

Adytum (n.) The innermost sanctuary or shrine in ancient temples, whence oracles were given. Hence: A private chamber; a sanctum.

Adz (n.) Alt. of Adze

Adze (n.) A carpenter's or cooper's tool, formed with a thin arching blade set at right angles to the handle. It is used for chipping or slicing away the surface of wood.

Aecidium (n.) A form of fruit in the cycle of development of the Rusts or Brands, an order of fungi, formerly considered independent plants.

Aedile (n.) A magistrate in ancient Rome, who had the superintendence of public buildings, highways, shows, etc.; hence, a municipal officer.

Aedileship (n.) The office of an aedile.

Aegilops (n.) An ulcer or fistula in the inner corner of the eye.

Aegilops (n.) The great wild-oat grass or other cornfield weed.

Aegilops (n.) A genus of plants, called also hardgrass.

Aegis (n.) A shield or protective armor; -- applied in mythology to the shield of Jupiter which he gave to Minerva. Also fig.: A shield; a protection.

Aegophony (n.) Same as Egophony.

Aegrotat (n.) A medical certificate that a student is ill.

Aeneid (n.) The great epic poem of Virgil, of which the hero is Aeneas.

Aeolipile (n.) Alt. of Aeolipyle

Aeolipyle (n.) An apparatus consisting chiefly of a closed vessel (as a globe or cylinder) with one or more projecting bent tubes, through which steam is made to pass from the vessel, causing it to revolve.

Aeolotropy (n.) Difference of quality or property in different directions.

Aeolus (n.) The god of the winds.

Aeon (n.) A period of immeasurable duration; also, an emanation of the Deity. See Eon.

Aepyornis (n.) A gigantic bird found fossil in Madagascar.

Aeration (n.) Exposure to the free action of the air; airing; as, aeration of soil, of spawn, etc.

Aeration (n.) A change produced in the blood by exposure to the air in respiration; oxygenation of the blood in respiration; arterialization.

Aeration (n.) The act or preparation of charging with carbonic acid gas or with oxygen.

Aerator (n.) That which supplies with air; esp. an apparatus used for charging mineral waters with gas and in making soda water.

Aeriality (n.) The state of being aerial; unsubstantiality.

Aerie (n.) The nest of a bird of prey, as of an eagle or hawk; also a brood of such birds; eyrie. Shak. Also fig.: A human residence or resting place perched like an eagle's nest.

Aerification (n.) The act of combining air with another substance, or the state of being filled with air.

Aerification (n.) The act of becoming aerified, or of changing from a solid or liquid form into an aeriform state; the state of being aeriform.

Aerocyst (n.) One of the air cells of algals.

Aerodynamics (n.) The science which treats of the air and other gaseous bodies under the action of force, and of their mechanical effects.

Aerognosy (n.) The science which treats of the properties of the air, and of the part it plays in nature.

Aerographer (n.) One versed in aeography: an aerologist.

Aerography (n.) A description of the air or atmosphere; aerology.

Aerolite (n.) A stone, or metallic mass, which has fallen to the earth from distant space; a meteorite; a meteoric stone.

Aerolith (n.) Same as A/rolite.

Aerolithology (n.) The science of aerolites.

Aerologist (n.) One versed in aerology.

Aerology (n.) That department of physics which treats of the atmosphere.

Aeromancy (n.) Divination from the state of the air or from atmospheric substances; also, forecasting changes in the weather.

Aerometer (n.) An instrument for ascertaining the weight or density of air and gases.

Aerometry (n.) The science of measuring the air, including the doctrine of its pressure, elasticity, rarefaction, and condensation; pneumatics.

Aeronaut (n.) An aerial navigator; a balloonist.

Aeronautics (n.) The science or art of ascending and sailing in the air, as by means of a balloon; aerial navigation; ballooning.

Aerophobia (n.) Alt. of Aerophoby

Aerophoby (n.) Dread of a current of air.

Aerophyte (n.) A plant growing entirely in the air, and receiving its nourishment from it; an air plant or epiphyte.

Aeroplane (n.) A flying machine, or a small plane for experiments on flying, which floats in the air only when propelled through it.

Aeroscope (n.) An apparatus designed for collecting spores, germs, bacteria, etc., suspended in the air.

Aeroscopy (n.) The observation of the state and variations of the atmosphere.

Aerosiderite (n.) A mass of meteoric iron.

Aerosphere (n.) The atmosphere.

Aerostat (n.) A balloon.

Aerostat (n.) A balloonist; an aeronaut.

Aerostatics (n.) The science that treats of the equilibrium of elastic fluids, or that of bodies sustained in them. Hence it includes aeronautics.

Aerostation (n.) Aerial navigation; the art of raising and guiding balloons in the air.

Aerostation (n.) The science of weighing air; aerostatics.

Aerugo (n.) The rust of any metal, esp. of brass or copper; verdigris.

Aery (n.) An aerie.

Aesculapius (n.) The god of medicine. Hence, a physician.

Aesculin (n.) Same as Esculin.

Aesthesia (n.) Perception by the senses; feeling; -- the opposite of anaesthesia.

Aesthesiometer (n.) Alt. of Esthesiometer

Esthesiometer (n.) An instrument to measure the degree of sensation, by determining at how short a distance two impressions upon the skin can be distinguished, and thus to determine whether the condition of tactile sensibility is normal or altered.

Aesthesis (n.) Sensuous perception.

Aesthete (n.) One who makes much or overmuch of aesthetics.

Aesthetican (n.) One versed in aesthetics.

Aestheticism (n.) The doctrine of aesthetics; aesthetic principles; devotion to the beautiful in nature and art.

Aesthetics (n.) Alt. of Esthetics

Esthetics (n.) The theory or philosophy of taste; the science of the beautiful in nature and art; esp. that which treats of the expression and embodiment of beauty by art.

Aestho-physiology (n.) The science of sensation in relation to nervous action.

Aestivation (n.) The state of torpidity induced by the heat and dryness of summer, as in certain snails; -- opposed to hibernation.

Aestivation (n.) The arrangement of the petals in a flower bud, as to folding, overlapping, etc.; prefloration.

Aether (n.) See Ether.

Aethogen (n.) A compound of nitrogen and boro/, which, when heated before the blowpipe, gives a brilliant phosphorescent; boric nitride.

Aethrioscope (n.) An instrument consisting in part of a differential thermometer. It is used for measuring changes of temperature produced by different conditions of the sky, as when clear or clouded.

Aetiology (n.) The science, doctrine, or demonstration of causes; esp., the investigation of the causes of any disease; the science of the origin and development of things.

Aetiology (n.) The assignment of a cause.

Aetites (n.) See Eaglestone.

Afer (n.) The southwest wind.

Affability (n.) The quality of being affable; readiness to converse; courteousness in receiving others and in conversation; complaisant behavior.

Affableness (n.) Affability.

Affair (n.) That which is done or is to be done; matter; concern; as, a difficult affair to manage; business of any kind, commercial, professional, or public; -- often in the plural. "At the head of affairs." Junius.

Affair (n.) Any proceeding or action which it is wished to refer to or characterize vaguely; as, an affair of honor, i. e., a duel; an affair of love, i. e., an intrigue.

Affair (n.) An action or engagement not of sufficient magnitude to be called a battle.

Affair (n.) Action; endeavor.

Affair (n.) A material object (vaguely designated).

Affamishment (n.) Starvation.

Affect (n.) Affection; inclination; passion; feeling; disposition.

Affectation (n.) An attempt to assume or exhibit what is not natural or real; false display; artificial show.

Affectation (n.) A striving after.

Affectation (n.) Fondness; affection.

Affectationist (n.) One who exhibits affectation.

Affectedness (n.) Affectation.

Affecter (n.) One who affects, assumes, pretends, or strives after.

Affectibility (n.) The quality or state of being affectible.

Affection (n.) The act of affecting or acting upon; the state of being affected.

Affection (n.) An attribute; a quality or property; a condition; a bodily state; as, figure, weight, etc. , are affections of bodies.

Affection (n.) Bent of mind; a feeling or natural impulse or natural impulse acting upon and swaying the mind; any emotion; as, the benevolent affections, esteem, gratitude, etc.; the malevolent affections, hatred, envy, etc.; inclination; disposition; propensity; tendency.

Affection (n.) A settled good will; kind feeling; love; zealous or tender attachment; -- often in the pl. Formerly followed by to, but now more generally by for or towards; as, filial, social, or conjugal affections; to have an affection for or towards children.

Affection (n.) Prejudice; bias.

Affection (n.) Disease; morbid symptom; malady; as, a pulmonary affection.

Affection (n.) The lively representation of any emotion.

Affection (n.) Affectation.

Affection (n.) Passion; violent emotion.

Affectionateness (n.) The quality of being affectionate; fondness; affection.

Affeerer (n.) Alt. of Affeeror

Affeeror (n.) One who affeers.

Affeerment (n.) The act of affeering.

Affiance (n.) Plighted faith; marriage contract or promise.

Affiance (n.) Trust; reliance; faith; confidence.

Affiancer (n.) One who makes a contract of marriage between two persons.

Affiant (n.) One who makes an affidavit.

Affidavit (n.) A sworn statement in writing; a declaration in writing, signed and made upon oath before an authorized magistrate.

Affiliation (n.) Adoption; association or reception as a member in or of the same family or society.

Affiliation (n.) The establishment or ascertaining of parentage; the assignment of a child, as a bastard, to its father; filiation.

Affiliation (n.) Connection in the way of descent.

Affinity (n.) Relationship by marriage (as between a husband and his wife's blood relations, or between a wife and her husband's blood relations); -- in contradistinction to consanguinity, or relationship by blood; -- followed by with, to, or between.

Affinity (n.) Kinship generally; close agreement; relation; conformity; resemblance; connection; as, the affinity of sounds, of colors, or of languages.

Affinity (n.) Companionship; acquaintance.

Affinity (n.) That attraction which takes place, at an insensible distance, between the heterogeneous particles of bodies, and unites them to form chemical compounds; chemism; chemical or elective affinity or attraction.

Affinity (n.) A relation between species or highe/ groups dependent on resemblance in the whole plan of structure, and indicating community of origin.

Affinity (n.) A superior spiritual relationship or attraction held to exist sometimes between persons, esp. persons of the opposite sex; also, the man or woman who exerts such psychical or spiritual attraction.

Affirmance (n.) Confirmation; ratification; confirmation of a voidable act.

Affirmance (n.) A strong declaration; affirmation.

Affirmant (n.) One who affirms or asserts.

Affirmant (n.) One who affirms, instead of taking an oath.

Affirmation (n.) Confirmation of anything established; ratification; as, the affirmation of a law.

Affirmation (n.) The act of affirming or asserting as true; assertion; -- opposed to negation or denial.

Affirmation (n.) That which is asserted; an assertion; a positive statement; an averment; as, an affirmation, by the vender, of title to property sold, or of its quality.

Affirmation (n.) A solemn declaration made under the penalties of perjury, by persons who conscientiously dec

Affirmative (n.) That which affirms as opposed to that which denies; an affirmative proposition; that side of question which affirms or maintains the proposition stated; -- opposed to negative; as, there were forty votes in the affirmative, and ten in the negative.

Affirmative (n.) A word or phrase expressing affirmation or assent; as, yes, that is so, etc.

Affirmer (n.) One who affirms.

Affix (n.) That which is affixed; an appendage; esp. one or more letters or syllables added at the end of a word; a suffix; a postfix.

Affixion (n.) Affixture.

Affixture (n.) The act of affixing, or the state of being affixed; attachment.

Afflation (n.) A blowing or breathing on; inspiration.

Afflatus (n.) A breath or blast of wind.

Afflatus (n.) A divine impartation of knowledge; supernatural impulse; inspiration.

Afflictedness (n.) The state of being afflicted; affliction.

Afflicter (n.) One who afflicts.

Affliction (n.) The cause of continued pain of body or mind, as sickness, losses, etc.; an instance of grievous distress; a pain or grief.

Affliction (n.) The state of being afflicted; a state of pain, distress, or grief.

Affluence (n.) A flowing to or towards; a concourse; an influx.

Affluence (n.) An abundant supply, as of thought, words, feelings, etc.; profusion; also, abundance of property; wealth.

Affluency (n.) Affluence.

Affluent (n.) A stream or river flowing into a larger river or into a lake; a tributary stream.

Affluentness (n.) Great plenty.

Afflux (n.) A flowing towards; that which flows to; as, an afflux of blood to the head.

Affluxion (n.) The act of flowing towards; afflux.

Affodill (n.) Asphodel.

Afforcement (n.) A fortress; a fortification for defense.

Afforcement (n.) A reenforcement; a strengthening.

Afforciament (n.) See Afforcement.

Affordment (n.) Anything given as a help; bestowal.

Afforestation (n.) The act of converting into forest or woodland.

Afformative (n.) An affix.

Affranchisement (n.) The act of making free; enfranchisement.

Affrayer (n.) One engaged in an affray.

Affrayment (n.) Affray.

Affreighter (n.) One who hires or charters a ship to convey goods.

Affreightment (n.) The act of hiring, or the contract for the use of, a vessel, or some part of it, to convey cargo.

Affret (n.) A furious onset or attack.

Affriction (n.) The act of rubbing against.

Affright (n.) Sudden and great fear; terror. It expresses a stronger impression than fear, or apprehension, perhaps less than terror.

Affright (n.) The act of frightening; also, a cause of terror; an object of dread.

Affrighter (n.) One who frightens.

Affrightment (n.) Affright; the state of being frightened; sudden fear or alarm.

Affront (n.) An encounter either friendly or hostile.

Affront (n.) Contemptuous or rude treatment which excites or justifies resentment; marked disrespect; a purposed indignity; insult.

Affront (n.) An offense to one's self-respect; shame.

Affrontee (n.) One who receives an affront.

Affronter (n.) One who affronts, or insults to the face.

Affrontiveness (n.) The quality that gives an affront or offense.

Affusion (n.) The act of pouring upon, or sprinkling with a liquid, as water upon a child in baptism.

Affusion (n.) The act of pouring water or other fluid on the whole or a part of the body, as a remedy in disease.

Afghan (n.) A native of Afghanistan.

Afghan (n.) A kind of worsted blanket or wrap.

Aforethought (n.) Premeditation.

Afreet (n.) Same as Afrit.

Afric (n.) Africa.

African (n.) A native of Africa; also one ethnologically belonging to an African race.

Africander (n.) One born in Africa, the offspring of a white father and a "colored" mother. Also, and now commonly in Southern Africa, a native born of European settlers.

Africanism (n.) A word, phrase, idiom, or custom peculiar to Africa or Africans.

Afrit (n.) Alt. of Afreet

Afrite (n.) Alt. of Afreet

Afreet (n.) A powerful evil jinnee, demon, or monstrous giant.

Afterbirth (n.) The placenta and membranes with which the fetus is connected, and which come away after delivery.

Aftercast (n.) A throw of dice after the game in ended; hence, anything done too late.

Afterclap (n.) An unexpected subsequent event; something disagreeable happening after an affair is supposed to be at an end.

Aftercrop (n.) A second crop or harvest in the same year.

After-dinner (n.) The time just after dinner.

After-eatage (n.) Aftergrass.

Aftergame (n.) A second game; hence, a subsequent scheme or expedient.

After-glow (n.) A glow of refulgence in the western sky after sunset.

Aftergrass (n.) The grass that grows after the first crop has been mown; aftermath.

Aftergrowth (n.) A second growth or crop, or (metaphorically) development.

Afterguard (n.) The seaman or seamen stationed on the poop or after part of the ship, to attend the after-sails.

After-image (n.) The impression of a vivid sensation retained by the retina of the eye after the cause has been removed; also extended to impressions left of tones, smells, etc.

Aftermath (n.) A second moving; the grass which grows after the first crop of hay in the same season; rowen.

Afternoon (n.) The part of the day which follows noon, between noon and evening.

After-note (n.) One of the small notes occur on the unaccented parts of the measure, taking their time from the preceding note.

Afterpiece (n.) A piece performed after a play, usually a farce or other small entertainment.

Afterpiece (n.) The heel of a rudder.

After-sails (n.) The sails on the mizzenmast, or on the stays between the mainmast and mizzenmast.

Aftershaft (n.) The hypoptilum.

Aftertaste (n.) A taste which remains in the mouth after eating or drinking.

Afterthought (n.) Reflection after an act; later or subsequent thought or expedient.

After-wit (n.) Wisdom or perception that comes after it can be of use.

Aga (n.) Alt. of Agha

Agha (n.) In Turkey, a commander or chief officer. It is used also as a title of respect.

Agalactia (n.) Alt. of Agalaxy

Agalaxy (n.) Failure of the due secretion of milk after childbirth.

Agal-agal (n.) Same as Agar-agar.

Agalloch (n.) Alt. of Agallochum

Agallochum (n.) A soft, resinous wood (Aquilaria Agallocha) of highly aromatic smell, burnt by the orientals as a perfume. It is called also agalwood and aloes wood. The name is also given to some other species.

Agalmatolite (n.) A soft, compact stone, of a grayish, greenish, or yellowish color, carved into images by the Chinese, and hence called figure stone, and pagodite. It is probably a variety of pinite.

Agama (n.) A genus of lizards, one of the few which feed upon vegetable substances; also, one of these lizards.

Agami (n.) A South American bird (Psophia crepitans), allied to the cranes, and easily domesticated; -- called also the gold-breasted trumpeter. Its body is about the size of the pheasant. See Trumpeter.

Agamist (n.) An unmarried person; also, one opposed to marriage.

Agamogenesis (n.) Reproduction without the union of parents of distinct sexes: asexual reproduction.

Agamogenetic (n.) Reproducing or produced without sexual union.

Agape (n.) The love feast of the primitive Christians, being a meal partaken of in connection with the communion.

Agar-agar (n.) A fucus or seaweed much used in the East for soups and jellies; Ceylon moss (Gracilaria lichenoides).

Agaric (n.) A fungus of the genus Agaricus, of many species, of which the common mushroom is an example.

Agaric (n.) An old name for several species of Polyporus, corky fungi growing on decaying wood.

Agate (n.) A semipellucid, uncrystallized variety of quartz, presenting various tints in the same specimen. Its colors are delicately arranged in stripes or bands, or blended in clouds.

Agate (n.) A kind of type, larger than pearl and smaller than nonpareil; in England called ruby.

Agate (n.) A diminutive person; so called in allusion to the small figures cut in agate for rings and seals.

Agate (n.) A tool used by gold-wire drawers, bookbinders, etc.; -- so called from the agate fixed in it for burnishing.

Agave (n.) A genus of plants (order Amaryllidaceae) of which the chief species is the maguey or century plant (A. Americana), wrongly called Aloe. It is from ten to seventy years, according to climate, in attaining maturity, when it produces a gigantic flower stem, sometimes forty feet in height, and perishes. The fermented juice is the pulque of the Mexicans; distilled, it yields mescal. A strong thread and a tough paper are made from the leaves, and the wood has many uses.

Age (n.) The whole duration of a being, whether animal, vegetable, or other kind; lifetime.

Age (n.) That part of the duration of a being or a thing which is between its beginning and any given time; as, what is the present age of a man, or of the earth?

Age (n.) The latter part of life; an advanced period of life; seniority; state of being old.

Age (n.) One of the stages of life; as, the age of infancy, of youth, etc.

Age (n.) Mature age; especially, the time of life at which one attains full personal rights and capacities; as, to come of age; he (or she) is of age.

Age (n.) The time of life at which some particular power or capacity is understood to become vested; as, the age of consent; the age of discretion.

Age (n.) A particular period of time in history, as distinguished from others; as, the golden age, the age of Pericles.

Age (n.) A great period in the history of the Earth.

Age (n.) A century; the period of one hundred years.

Age (n.) The people who live at a particular period; hence, a generation.

Age (n.) A long time.

Agedness (n.) The quality of being aged; oldness.

Agency (n.) The faculty of acting or of exerting power; the state of being in action; action; instrumentality.

Agency (n.) The office of an agent, or factor; the relation between a principal and his agent; business of one intrusted with the concerns of another.

Agency (n.) The place of business of am agent.

Agend (n.) See Agendum.

Agendum (n.) Something to be done; in the pl., a memorandum book.

Agendum (n.) A church service; a ritual or liturgy. [In this sense, usually Agenda.]

Agenesis (n.) Any imperfect development of the body, or any anomaly of organization.

Agennesis (n.) Impotence; sterility.

Agent (n.) One who exerts power, or has the power to act; an actor.

Agent (n.) One who acts for, or in the place of, another, by authority from him; one intrusted with the business of another; a substitute; a deputy; a factor.

Agent (n.) An active power or cause; that which has the power to produce an effect; as, a physical, chemical, or medicinal agent; as, heat is a powerful agent.

Agentship (n.) Agency.

Ageratum (n.) A genus of plants, one species of which (A. Mexicanum) has lavender-blue flowers in dense clusters.

Aggeneration (n.) The act of producing in addition.

Agger (n.) An earthwork; a mound; a raised work.

Aggeration (n.) A heaping up; accumulation; as, aggerations of sand.

Agglomerate (n.) A collection or mass.

Agglomerate (n.) A mass of angular volcanic fragments united by heat; -- distinguished from conglomerate.

Agglomeration (n.) The act or process of collecting in a mass; a heaping together.

Agglomeration (n.) State of being collected in a mass; a mass; cluster.

Agglutinant (n.) Any viscous substance which causes bodies or parts to adhere.

Agglutination (n.) The act of uniting by glue or other tenacious substance; the state of being thus united; adhesion of parts.

Agglutination (n.) Combination in which root words are united with little or no change of form or loss of meaning. See Agglutinative, 2.

Aggrace (n.) Grace; favor.

Aggrandization (n.) Aggrandizement.

Aggrandizement (n.) The act of aggrandizing, or the state of being aggrandized or exalted in power, rank, honor, or wealth; exaltation; enlargement; as, the emperor seeks only the aggrandizement of his own family.

Aggrandizer (n.) One who aggrandizes, or makes great.

Aggravation (n.) The act of aggravating, or making worse; -- used of evils, natural or moral; the act of increasing in severity or heinousness; something additional to a crime or wrong and enhancing its guilt or injurious consequences.

Aggravation (n.) Exaggerated representation.

Aggravation (n.) An extrinsic circumstance or accident which increases the guilt of a crime or the misery of a calamity.

Aggravation (n.) Provocation; irritation.

Aggravative (n.) That which aggravates.

Aggregate (n.) A mass, assemblage, or sum of particulars; as, a house is an aggregate of stone, brick, timber, etc.

Aggregate (n.) A mass formed by the union of homogeneous particles; -- in distinction from a compound, formed by the union of heterogeneous particles.

Aggregation (n.) The act of aggregating, or the state of being aggregated; collection into a mass or sum; a collection of particulars; an aggregate.

Aggregator (n.) One who aggregates.

Aggress (n.) Aggression.

Aggression (n.) The first attack, or act of hostility; the first act of injury, or first act leading to a war or a controversy; unprovoked attack; assault; as, a war of aggression. "Aggressions of power."

Aggressor (n.) The person who first attacks or makes an aggression; he who begins hostility or a quarrel; an assailant.

Aggrievance (n.) Oppression; hardship; injury; grievance.

Aggroupment (n.) Arrangement in a group or in groups; grouping.

Agileness (n.) Agility; nimbleness.

Agility (n.) The quality of being agile; the power of moving the limbs quickly and easily; nimbleness; activity; quickness of motion; as, strength and agility of body.

Agility (n.) Activity; powerful agency.

Agio (n.) The premium or percentage on a better sort of money when it is given in exchange for an inferior sort. The premium or discount on foreign bills of exchange is sometimes called agio.

Agiotage (n.) Exchange business; also, stockjobbing; the maneuvers of speculators to raise or lower the price of stocks or public funds.

Agistator (n.) See Agister.

Agister (n.) Alt. of Agistor

Agistor (n.) Formerly, an officer of the king's forest, who had the care of cattle agisted, and collected the money for the same; -- hence called gisttaker, which in England is corrupted into guest-taker.

Agistor (n.) Now, one who agists or takes in cattle to pasture at a certain rate; a pasturer.

Agistment (n.) Formerly, the taking and feeding of other men's cattle in the king's forests.

Agistment (n.) The taking in by any one of other men's cattle to graze at a certain rate.

Agistment (n.) The price paid for such feeding.

Agistment (n.) A charge or rate against lands; as, an agistment of sea banks, i. e., charge for banks or dikes.

Agitation (n.) The act of agitating, or the state of being agitated; the state of being moved with violence, or with irregular action; commotion; as, the sea after a storm is in agitation.

Agitation (n.) A stirring up or arousing; disturbance of tranquillity; disturbance of mind which shows itself by physical excitement; perturbation; as, to cause any one agitation.

Agitation (n.) Excitement of public feeling by discussion, appeals, etc.; as, the antislavery agitation; labor agitation.

Agitation (n.) Examination or consideration of a subject in controversy, or of a plan proposed for adoption; earnest discussion; debate.

Agitator (n.) One who agitates; one who stirs up or excites others; as, political reformers and agitators.

Agitator (n.) One of a body of men appointed by the army, in Cromwell's time, to look after their interests; -- called also adjutators.

Agitator (n.) An implement for shaking or mixing.

Aglet (n.) Alt. of Aiglet

Aiglet (n.) A tag of a lace or of the points, braids, or cords formerly used in dress. They were sometimes formed into small images. Hence, "aglet baby" (Shak.), an aglet image.

Aiglet (n.) A round white staylace.

Aglutition (n.) Inability to swallow.

Agnail (n.) A corn on the toe or foot.

Agnail (n.) An inflammation or sore under or around the nail; also, a hangnail.

Agnate (n.) A relative whose relationship can be traced exclusively through males.

Agnation (n.) Consanguinity by a

Agnition (n.) Acknowledgment.

Agnoiology (n.) The doctrine concerning those things of which we are necessarily ignorant.

Agnomen (n.) An additional or fourth name given by the Romans, on account of some remarkable exploit or event; as, Publius Caius Scipio Africanus.

Agnomen (n.) An additional name, or an epithet appended to a name; as, Aristides the Just.

Agnomination (n.) A surname.

Agnomination (n.) Paronomasia; also, alliteration; annomination.

Agnostic (n.) One who professes ignorance, or denies that we have any knowledge, save of phenomena; one who supports agnosticism, neither affirming nor denying the existence of a personal Deity, a future life, etc.

Agnosticism (n.) That doctrine which, professing ignorance, neither asserts nor denies.

Agnosticism (n.) The doctrine that the existence of a personal Deity, an unseen world, etc., can be neither proved nor disproved, because of the necessary limits of the human mind (as sometimes charged upon Hamilton and Mansel), or because of the insufficiency of the evidence furnished by physical and physical data, to warrant a positive conclusion (as taught by the school of Herbert Spencer); -- opposed alike dogmatic skepticism and to dogmatic theism.

Agnus (n.) Agnus Dei.

Agon (n.) A contest for a prize at the public games.

Agone (n.) Agonic

Agonism (n.) Contention for a prize; a contest.

Agonist (n.) One who contends for the prize in public games.

Agonistics (n.) The science of athletic combats, or contests in public games.

Agonothete (n.) An officer who presided over the great public games in Greece.

Agony (n.) Violent contest or striving.

Agony (n.) Pain so extreme as to cause writhing or contortions of the body, similar to those made in the athletic contests in Greece; and hence, extreme pain of mind or body; anguish; paroxysm of grief; specifically, the sufferings of Christ in the garden of Gethsemane.

Agony (n.) Paroxysm of joy; keen emotion.

Agony (n.) The last struggle of life; death struggle.

Agora (n.) An assembly; hence, the place of assembly, especially the market place, in an ancient Greek city.

Agouara (n.) The crab-eating raccoon (Procyon cancrivorus), found in the tropical parts of America.

Agouta (n.) A small insectivorous mammal (Solenodon paradoxus), allied to the moles, found only in Hayti.

Agouti (n.) Alt. of Agouty

Agouty (n.) A rodent of the genus Dasyprocta, about the size of a rabbit, peculiar to South America and the West Indies. The most common species is the Dasyprocta agouti.

Agraffe (n.) A hook or clasp.

Agraffe (n.) A hook, eyelet, or other device by which a piano wire is so held as to limit the vibration.

Agrammatist (n.) A illiterate person.

Agraphia (n.) The absence or loss of the power of expressing ideas by written signs. It is one form of aphasia.

Agrarian (n.) One in favor of an equal division of landed property.

Agrarian (n.) An agrarian law.

Agrarianism (n.) An equal or equitable division of landed property; the principles or acts of those who favor a redistribution of land.

Agreeability (n.) Easiness of disposition.

Agreeability (n.) The quality of being, or making one's self, agreeable; agreeableness.

Agreeableness (n.) The quality of being agreeable or pleasing; that quality which gives satisfaction or moderate pleasure to the mind or senses.

Agreeableness (n.) The quality of being agreeable or suitable; suitableness or conformity; consistency.

Agreeableness (n.) Resemblance; concordance; harmony; -- with to or between.

Agreement (n.) State of agreeing; harmony of opinion, statement, action, or character; concurrence; concord; conformity; as, a good agreement subsists among the members of the council.

Agreement (n.) Concord or correspondence of one word with another in gender, number, case, or person.

Agreement (n.) A concurrence in an engagement that something shall be done or omitted; an exchange of promises; mutual understanding, arrangement, or stipulation; a contract.

Agreement (n.) The language, oral or written, embodying reciprocal promises.

Agreer (n.) One who agrees.

Agricolation (n.) Agriculture.

Agricolist (n.) A cultivator of the soil; an agriculturist.

Agricultor (n.) An agriculturist; a farmer.

Agriculturalist (n.) An agriculturist (which is the preferred form.)

Agriculture (n.) The art or science of cultivating the ground, including the harvesting of crops, and the rearing and management of live stock; tillage; husbandry; farming.

Agriculturism (n.) Agriculture.

Agriculturist (n.) One engaged or skilled in agriculture; a husbandman.

Agrimony (n.) A genus of plants of the Rose family.

Agrimony (n.) The name is also given to various other plants; as, hemp agrimony (Eupatorium cannabinum); water agrimony (Bidens).

Agriologist (n.) One versed or engaged in agriology.

Agriology (n.) Description or comparative study of the customs of savage or uncivilized tribes.

Agrom (n.) A disease occurring in Bengal and other parts of the East Indies, in which the tongue chaps and cleaves.

Agronomics (n.) The science of the distribution and management of land.

Agronomist (n.) One versed in agronomy; a student of agronomy.

Agronomy (n.) The management of land; rural economy; agriculture.

Agrostis (n.) A genus of grasses, including species called in common language bent grass. Some of them, as redtop (Agrostis vulgaris), are valuable pasture grasses.

Agrostography (n.) A description of the grasses.

Agrostologist (n.) One skilled in agrostology.

Agrostology (n.) That part of botany which treats of the grasses.

Agroupment (n.) See Aggroupment.

Agrypnotic (n.) Anything which prevents sleep, or produces wakefulness, as strong tea or coffee.

Aguardiente (n.) A inferior brandy of Spain and Portugal.

Aguardiente (n.) A strong alcoholic drink, especially pulque.

Ague (n.) An acute fever.

Ague (n.) An intermittent fever, attended by alternate cold and hot fits.

Ague (n.) The cold fit or rigor of the intermittent fever; as, fever and ague.

Ague (n.) A chill, or state of shaking, as with cold.

Aguise (n.) Dress.

Aha (n.) A sunk fence. See Ha-ha.

Ahriman (n.) The Evil Principle or Being of the ancient Persians; the Prince of Darkness as opposer to Ormuzd, the King of Light.

Ahu (n.) The Asiatic gazelle.

Ai (n.) The three-toed sloth (Bradypus tridactylus) of South America. See Sloth.

Aidance (n.) Aid.

Aid-de-camp (n.) An officer selected by a general to carry orders, also to assist or represent him in correspondence and in directing movements.

Aider (n.) One who, or that which, aids.

Aid-major (n.) The adjutant of a regiment.

Aiel (n.) See Ayle.

Aiglet (n.) Same as Aglet.

Aigremore (n.) Charcoal prepared for making powder.

Aigret (n.) Alt. of Aigrette

Aigrette (n.) The small white European heron. See Egret.

Aigrette (n.) A plume or tuft for the head composed of feathers, or of gems, etc.

Aigrette (n.) A tuft like that of the egret.

Aigrette (n.) A feathery crown of seed; egret; as, the aigrette or down of the dandelion or the thistle.

Aiguille (n.) A needle-shaped peak.

Aiguille (n.) An instrument for boring holes, used in blasting.

Aiguillette (n.) A point or tag at the end of a fringe or lace; an aglet.

Aiguillette (n.) One of the ornamental tags, cords, or loops on some military and naval uniforms.

Aigulet (n.) See Aglet.

Ail (n.) Indisposition or morbid affection.

Ailanthus (n.) Same as Ailantus.

Ailantus (n.) A genus of beautiful trees, natives of the East Indies. The tree imperfectly di/cious, and the staminate or male plant is very offensive when blossom.

Ailette (n.) A small square shield, formerly worn on the shoulders of knights, -- being the prototype of the modern epaulet.

Ailment (n.) Indisposition; morbid affection of the body; -- not applied ordinarily to acute diseases.

Aimer (n.) One who aims, directs, or points.

Aino (n.) One of a peculiar race inhabiting Yesso, the Kooril Islands etc., in the northern part of the empire of Japan, by some supposed to have been the progenitors of the Japanese. The Ainos are stout and short, with hairy bodies.

Air (n.) The fluid which we breathe, and which surrounds the earth; the atmosphere. It is invisible, inodorous, insipid, transparent, compressible, elastic, and ponderable.

Air (n.) Symbolically: Something unsubstantial, light, or volatile.

Air (n.) A particular state of the atmosphere, as respects heat, cold, moisture, etc., or as affecting the sensations; as, a smoky air, a damp air, the morning air, etc.

Air (n.) Any aeriform body; a gas; as, oxygen was formerly called vital air.

Air (n.) Air in motion; a light breeze; a gentle wind.

Air (n.) Odoriferous or contaminated air.

Air (n.) That which surrounds and influences.

Air (n.) Utterance abroad; publicity; vent.

Air (n.) Intelligence; information.

Air (n.) A musical idea, or motive, rhythmically developed in consecutive single tones, so as to form a symmetrical and balanced whole, which may be sung by a single voice to the stanzas of a hymn or song, or even to plain prose, or played upon an instrument; a melody; a tune; an aria.

Air (n.) In harmonized chorals, psalmody, part songs, etc., the part which bears the tune or melody -- in modern harmony usually the upper part -- is sometimes called the air.

Air (n.) The peculiar look, appearance, and bearing of a person; mien; demeanor; as, the air of a youth; a heavy air; a lofty air.

Air (n.) Peculiar appearance; apparent character; semblance; manner; style.

Air (n.) An artificial or affected manner; show of pride or vanity; haughtiness; as, it is said of a person, he puts on airs.

Air (n.) The representation or reproduction of the effect of the atmospheric medium through which every object in nature is viewed.

Air (n.) Carriage; attitude; action; movement; as, the head of that portrait has a good air.

Air (n.) The artificial motion or carriage of a horse.

Air (n.) To expose to the air for the purpose of cooling, refreshing, or purifying; to ventilate; as, to air a room.

Air (n.) To expose for the sake of public notice; to display ostentatiously; as, to air one's opinion.

Air (n.) To expose to heat, for the purpose of expelling dampness, or of warming; as, to air

Airer (n.) One who exposes to the air.

Airer (n.) A frame on which clothes are aired or dried.

Airiness (n.) The state or quality of being airy; openness or exposure to the air; as, the airiness of a country seat.

Airiness (n.) Lightness of spirits; gayety; levity; as, the airiness of young persons.

Airing (n.) A walk or a ride in the open air; a short excursion for health's sake.

Airing (n.) An exposure to air, or to a fire, for warming, drying, etc.; as, the airing of

Airling (n.) A thoughtless, gay person.

Airometer (n.) A hollow cylinder to contain air. It is closed above and open below, and has its open end plunged into water.

Air-tight (n.) A stove the draft of which can be almost entirely shut off.

Aisle (n.) A lateral division of a building, separated from the middle part, called the nave, by a row of columns or piers, which support the roof or an upper wall containing windows, called the clearstory wall.

Aisle (n.) Improperly used also for the have; -- as in the phrases, a church with three aisles, the middle aisle.

Aisle (n.) Also (perhaps from confusion with alley), a passage into which the pews of a church open.

Ait (n.) An islet, or little isle, in a river or lake; an eyot.

Ait (n.) Oat.

Aitch (n.) The letter h or H.

Aitchbone (n.) The bone of the rump; also, the cut of beef surrounding this bone.

Aitiology (n.) See Aetiology.

Ajutage (n.) A tube through which water is discharged; an efflux tube; as, the ajutage of a fountain.

Akene (n.) Same as Achene.

Aketon (n.) See Acton.

Akinesia (n.) Paralysis of the motor nerves; loss of movement.

Ala (n.) A winglike organ, or part.

Alabaster (n.) A compact variety or sulphate of lime, or gypsum, of fine texture, and usually white and translucent, but sometimes yellow, red, or gray. It is carved into vases, mantel ornaments, etc.

Alabaster (n.) A hard, compact variety of carbonate of lime, somewhat translucent, or of banded shades of color; stalagmite. The name is used in this sense by Pliny. It is sometimes distinguished as oriental alabaster.

Alabaster (n.) A box or vessel for holding odoriferous ointments, etc.; -- so called from the stone of which it was originally made.

Alabastrum (n.) A flower bud.

Alacriousness (n.) Alacrity.

Alacrity (n.) A cheerful readiness, willingness, or promptitude; joyous activity; briskness; spright

Aladinist (n.) One of a sect of freethinkers among the Mohammedans.

Alalonga (n.) Alt. of Alilonghi

Alilonghi (n.) The tunny. See Albicore.

Alamire (n.) The lowest note but one in Guido Aretino's scale of music.

Alamodality (n.) The quality of being a la mode; conformity to the mode or fashion; fashionableness.

Alamode (n.) A thin, black silk for hoods, scarfs, etc.; -- often called simply mode.

Alan (n.) A wolfhound.

Alanine (n.) A white crystal

Alantin (n.) See Inulin.

Alarm (n.) A summons to arms, as on the approach of an enemy.

Alarm (n.) Any sound or information intended to give notice of approaching danger; a warning sound to arouse attention; a warning of danger.

Alarm (n.) A sudden attack; disturbance; broil.

Alarm (n.) Sudden surprise with fear or terror excited by apprehension of danger; in the military use, commonly, sudden apprehension of being attacked by surprise.

Alarm (n.) A mechanical contrivance for awaking persons from sleep, or rousing their attention; an alarum.

Alarmist (n.) One prone to sound or excite alarms, especially, needless alarms.

Alarum (n.) See Alarm.

Alatern (n.) Alt. of Alaternus

Alaternus (n.) An ornamental evergreen shrub (Rhamnus alaternus) belonging to the buckthorns.

Alation (n.) The state of being winged.

Alaunt (n.) See Alan.

Alb (n.) A vestment of white

Albacore (n.) See Albicore.

Alban (n.) A white crystal

Albanian (n.) A native of Albania.

Albata (n.) A white metallic alloy; which is made into spoons, forks, teapots, etc. British plate or German silver. See German silver, under German.

Albatross (n.) A web-footed bird, of the genus Diomedea, of which there are several species. They are the largest of sea birds, capable of long-continued flight, and are often seen at great distances from the land. They are found chiefly in the southern hemisphere.

Albedo (n.) Whiteness. Specifically: (Astron.) The ratio which the light reflected from an unpolished surface bears to the total light falling upon that surface.

Albertite (n.) A bituminous mineral resembling asphaltum, found in the county of A. /bert, New Brunswick.

Albertype (n.) A picture printed from a kind of gelatine plate produced by means of a photographic negative.

Albescence (n.) The act of becoming white; whitishness.

Albication (n.) The process of becoming white, or developing white patches, or streaks.

Albicore (n.) A name applied to several large fishes of the Mackerel family, esp. Orcynus alalonga. One species (Orcynus thynnus), common in the Mediterranean and Atlantic, is called in New England the horse mackerel; the tunny.

Albification (n.) The act or process of making white.

Albiness (n.) A female albino.

Albinism (n.) The state or condition of being an albino: abinoism; leucopathy.

Albino (n.) A person, whether negro, Indian, or white, in whom by some defect of organization the substance which gives color to the skin, hair, and eyes is deficient or in a morbid state. An albino has a skin of a milky hue, with hair of the same color, and eyes with deep red pupil and pink or blue iris. The term is also used of the lower animals, as white mice, elephants, etc.; and of plants in a whitish condition from the absence of chlorophyll.

Albinoism (n.) The state or condition of being an albino; albinism.

Albion (n.) An ancient name of England, still retained in poetry.

Albite (n.) A mineral of the feldspar family, triclinic in crystallization, and in composition a silicate of alumina and soda. It is a common constituent of granite and of various igneous rocks. See Feldspar.

Albolith (n.) A kind of plastic cement, or artificial stone, consisting chiefly of magnesia and silica; -- called also albolite.

Alborak (n.) The imaginary milk-white animal on which Mohammed was said to have been carried up to heaven; a white mule.

Albugo (n.) Same as Leucoma.

Album (n.) A white tablet on which anything was inscribed, as a list of names, etc.

Album (n.) A register for visitors' names; a visitors' book.

Album (n.) A blank book, in which to insert autographs sketches, memorial writing of friends, photographs, etc.

Albumen (n.) The white of an egg.

Albumen (n.) Nourishing matter stored up within the integuments of the seed in many plants, but not incorporated in the embryo. It is the floury part in corn, wheat, and like grains, the oily part in poppy seeds, the fleshy part in the cocoanut, etc.

Albumen (n.) Same as Albumin.

Albumin (n.) A thick, viscous nitrogenous substance, which is the chief and characteristic constituent of white of eggs and of the serum of blood, and is found in other animal substances, both fluid and solid, also in many plants. It is soluble in water and is coagulated by heat and by certain chemical reagents.

Albuminate (n.) A substance produced by the action of an alkali upon albumin, and resembling casein in its properties; also, a compound formed by the union of albumin with another substance.

Albuminimeter (n.) An instrument for ascertaining the quantity of albumen in a liquid.

Albuminin (n.) The substance of the cells which inclose the white of birds' eggs.

Albuminoid (n.) One of a class of organic principles (called also proteids) which form the main part of organized tissues.

Albuminose (n.) A diffusible substance formed from albumin by the action of natural or artificial gastric juice. See Peptone.

Albuminuria (n.) A morbid condition in which albumin is present in the urine.

Albumose (n.) A compound or class of compounds formed from albumin by dilute acids or by an acid solution of pepsin. Used also in combination, as antialbumose, hemialbumose.

Alburn (n.) The bleak, a small European fish having scales of a peculiarly silvery color which are used in making artificial pearls.

Alburnum (n.) The white and softer part of wood, between the inner bark and the hard wood or duramen; sapwood.

Albyn (n.) Scotland; esp. the Highlands of Scotland.

Alcade (n.) Same as Alcaid.

Alcahest (n.) Same as Alkahest.

Alcaic (n.) A kind of verse, so called from Alcaeus. One variety consists of five feet, a spondee or iambic, an iambic, a long syllable, and two dactyls.

Alcaid (n.) Alt. of Alcayde

Alcayde (n.) A commander of a castle or fortress among the Spaniards, Portuguese, and Moors.

Alcayde (n.) The warden, or keeper of a jail.

Alcalde (n.) A magistrate or judge in Spain and in Spanish America, etc.

Alcalimeter (n.) See Alkalimeter.

Alcanna (n.) An oriental shrub (Lawsonia inermis) from which henna is obtained.

Alcarraza (n.) A vessel of porous earthenware, used for cooling liquids by evaporation from the exterior surface.

Alcayde (n.) Same as Alcaid.

Alcazar (n.) A fortress; also, a royal palace.

Alcedo (n.) A genus of perching birds, including the European kingfisher (Alcedo ispida). See Halcyon.

Alchemist (n.) One who practices alchemy.

Alchemistry (n.) Alchemy.

Alchemy (n.) An imaginary art which aimed to transmute the baser metals into gold, to find the panacea, or universal remedy for diseases, etc. It led the way to modern chemistry.

Alchemy (n.) A mixed metal composed mainly of brass, formerly used for various utensils; hence, a trumpet.

Alchemy (n.) Miraculous power of transmuting something common into something precious.

Alchymic (n.) Alt. of Alchymy

Alchymist (n.) Alt. of Alchymy

Alchymistic (n.) Alt. of Alchymy

Alchymy (n.) See Alchemic, Alchemist, Alchemistic, Alchemy.

Alco (n.) A small South American dog, domesticated by the aborigines.

Alcoate (n.) Alt. of Alcohate

Alcohate (n.) Shortened forms of Alcoholate.

Alcohol (n.) An impalpable powder.

Alcohol (n.) The fluid essence or pure spirit obtained by distillation.

Alcohol (n.) Pure spirit of wine; pure or highly rectified spirit (called also ethyl alcohol); the spirituous or intoxicating element of fermented or distilled liquors, or more loosely a liquid containing it in considerable quantity. It is extracted by simple distillation from various vegetable juices and infusions of a saccharine nature, which have undergone vinous fermentation.

Alcohol (n.) A class of compounds analogous to vinic alcohol in constitution. Chemically speaking, they are hydroxides of certain organic radicals; as, the radical ethyl forms common or ethyl alcohol (C2H5.OH); methyl forms methyl alcohol (CH3.OH) or wood spirit; amyl forms amyl alcohol (C5H11.OH) or fusel oil, etc.

Alcoholate (n.) A crystallizable compound of a salt with alcohol, in which the latter plays a part analogous to that of water of crystallization.

Alcoholature (n.) An alcoholic tincture prepared with fresh plants.

Alcoholic (n.) A person given to the use of alcoholic liquors.

Alcoholic (n.) Alcoholic liquors.

Alcoholism (n.) A diseased condition of the system, brought about by the continued use of alcoholic liquors.

Alcoholization (n.) The act of reducing a substance to a fine or impalpable powder.

Alcoholization (n.) The act rectifying spirit.

Alcoholization (n.) Saturation with alcohol; putting the animal system under the influence of alcoholic liquor.

Alcoholometer (n.) Alt. of Alcoholmeter

Alcoholmeter (n.) An instrument for determining the strength of spirits, with a scale graduated so as to indicate the percentage of pure alcohol, either by weight or volume. It is usually a form of hydrometer with a special scale.

Alcoholometry (n.) The process or method of ascertaining the proportion of pure alcohol which spirituous liquors contain.

Alcoometry (n.) See Alcoholometry.

Alcoran (n.) The Mohammedan Scriptures; the Koran (now the usual form).

Alcoranist (n.) One who adheres to the letter of the Koran, rejecting all traditions.

Alcove (n.) A recessed portion of a room, or a small room opening into a larger one; especially, a recess to contain a bed; a lateral recess in a library.

Alcove (n.) A small ornamental building with seats, or an arched seat, in a pleasure ground; a garden bower.

Alcove (n.) Any natural recess analogous to an alcove or recess in an apartment.

Alcyon (n.) See Halcyon.

Alcyonium (n.) A genus of fleshy Alcyonaria, its polyps somewhat resembling flowers with eight fringed rays. The term was also formerly used for certain species of sponges.

Alcyonoid (n.) A zoophyte of the order Alcyonaria.

Aldebaran (n.) A red star of the first magnitude, situated in the eye of Taurus; the Bull's Eye. It is the bright star in the group called the Hyades.

Aldehyde (n.) A colorless, mobile, and very volatile liquid obtained from alcohol by certain processes of oxidation.

Alder (n.) A tree, usually growing in moist land, and belonging to the genus Alnus. The wood is used by turners, etc.; the bark by dyers and tanners. In the U. S. the species of alder are usually shrubs or small trees.

Alderman (n.) A senior or superior; a person of rank or dignity.

Alderman (n.) One of a board or body of municipal officers next in order to the mayor and having a legislative function. They may, in some cases, individually exercise some magisterial and administrative functions.

Aldermancy (n.) The office of an alderman.

Aldermanity (n.) Aldermen collectively; the body of aldermen.

Aldermanity (n.) The state of being an alderman.

Aldermanry (n.) The district or ward of an alderman.

Aldermanry (n.) The office or rank of an alderman.

Aldermanship (n.) The condition, position, or office of an alderman.

Alderney (n.) One of a breed of cattle raised in Alderney, one of the Channel Islands. Alderneys are of a dun or tawny color and are often called Jersey cattle. See Jersey, 3.

Ale (n.) An intoxicating liquor made from an infusion of malt by fermentation and the addition of a bitter, usually hops.

Ale (n.) A festival in English country places, so called from the liquor drunk.

Alebench (n.) A bench in or before an alehouse.

Aleberry (n.) A beverage, formerly made by boiling ale with spice, sugar, and sops of bread.

Aleconner (n.) Orig., an officer appointed to look to the goodness of ale and beer; also, one of the officers chosen by the liverymen of London to inspect the measures used in public houses. But the office is a sinecure. [Also called aletaster.]

Alecost (n.) The plant costmary, which was formerly much used for flavoring ale.

Alectoromachy (n.) Cockfighting.

Alectoromancy (n.) See Alectryomancy.

Alectryom'achy (n.) Cockfighting.

Alectryomancy (n.) Divination by means of a cock and grains of corn placed on the letters of the alphabet, the letters being put together in the order in which the grains were eaten.

Alegar (n.) Sour ale; vinegar made of ale.

Alehoof (n.) Ground ivy (Nepeta Glechoma).

Alehouse (n.) A house where ale is retailed; hence, a tippling house.

Ale-knight (n.) A pot companion.

Alemannic (n.) The language of the Alemanni.

Alembic (n.) An apparatus formerly used in distillation, usually made of glass or metal. It has mostly given place to the retort and worm still.

Alembroth (n.) The salt of wisdom of the alchemists, a double salt composed of the chlorides of ammonium and mercury. It was formerly used as a stimulant.

Alepidote (n.) A fish without scales.

Alepole (n.) A pole set up as the sign of an alehouse.

Alert (n.) An alarm from a real or threatened attack; a sudden attack; also, a bugle sound to give warning.

Alertness (n.) The quality of being alert or on the alert; briskness; nimbleness; activity.

Alestake (n.) A stake or pole projecting from, or set up before, an alehouse, as a sign; an alepole. At the end was commonly suspended a garland, a bunch of leaves, or a "bush."

Aletaster (n.) See Aleconner.

Alethiology (n.) The science which treats of the nature of truth and evidence.

Alethoscope (n.) An instrument for viewing pictures by means of a lens, so as to present them in their natural proportions and relations.

Aleuromancy (n.) Divination by means of flour.

Aleurometer (n.) An instrument for determining the expansive properties, or quality, of gluten in flour.

Aleurone (n.) An albuminoid substance which occurs in minute grains ("protein granules") in maturing seeds and tubers; -- supposed to be a modification of protoplasm.

Alevin (n.) Young fish; fry.

Alew (n.) Halloo.

Alewife (n.) A woman who keeps an alehouse.

Alewife (n.) A North American fish (Clupea vernalis) of the Herring family. It is called also ellwife, ellwhop, branch herring. The name is locally applied to other related species.

Alexanders (n.) Alt. of Alisanders

Alisanders (n.) A name given to two species of the genus Smyrnium, formerly cultivated and used as celery now is; -- called also horse parsely.

Alexandrine (n.) A kind of verse consisting in English of twelve syllables.

Alexipharmic (n.) An antidote against poison or infection; a counterpoison.

Alexipyretic (n.) A febrifuge.

Alexiteric (n.) A preservative against contagious and infectious diseases, and the effects of poison in general.

Alfa (n.) Alt. of Alfa grass

Alfa grass (n.) A plant (Macrochloa tenacissima) of North Africa; also, its fiber, used in paper making.

Alfalfa (n.) The lucern (Medicago sativa); -- so called in California, Texas, etc.

Alfenide (n.) An alloy of nickel and silver electroplated with silver.

Alferes (n.) An ensign; a standard bearer.

Alfet (n.) A caldron of boiling water into which an accused person plunged his forearm as a test of innocence or guilt.

Alfilaria (n.) The pin grass (Erodium cicutarium), a weed in California.

Alfione (n.) An edible marine fish of California (Rhacochilus toxotes).

Alga (n.) A kind of seaweed; pl. the class of cellular cryptogamic plants which includes the black, red, and green seaweeds, as kelp, dulse, sea lettuce, also marine and fresh water confervae, etc.

Algaroba (n.) The Carob, a leguminous tree of the Mediterranean region; also, its edible beans or pods, called St. John's bread.

Algaroba (n.) The Honey mesquite (Prosopis juliflora), a small tree found from California to Buenos Ayres; also, its sweet, pulpy pods. A valuable gum, resembling gum arabic, is collected from the tree in Texas and Mexico.

Algarot (n.) Alt. of Algaroth

Algaroth (n.) A term used for the Powder of Algaroth, a white powder which is a compound of trichloride and trioxide of antimony. It was formerly used in medicine as an emetic, purgative, and diaphoretic.

Algarovilla (n.) The agglutinated seeds and husks of the legumes of a South American tree (Inga Marthae). It is valuable for tanning leather, and as a dye.

Algazel (n.) The true gazelle.

Algebra (n.) That branch of mathematics which treats of the relations and properties of quantity by means of letters and other symbols. It is applicable to those relations that are true of every kind of magnitude.

Algebra (n.) A treatise on this science.

Algebraist (n.) One versed in algebra.

Algerian (n.) A native of Algeria.

Algerine (n.) A native or one of the people of Algiers or Algeria. Also, a pirate.

Algidity (n.) Chil

Algidity (n.) coldness and collapse.

Algidness (n.) Algidity.

Algol (n.) A fixed star, in Medusa's head, in the constellation Perseus, remarkable for its periodic variation in brightness.

Algologist (n.) One learned about algae; a student of algology.

Algology (n.) The study or science of algae or seaweeds.

Algonquin (n.) Alt. of Algonkin

Algonkin (n.) One of a widely spread family of Indians, including many distinct tribes, which formerly occupied most of the northern and eastern part of North America. The name was originally applied to a group of Indian tribes north of the River St. Lawrence.

Algor (n.) Cold; chil

Algorism (n.) Alt. of Algorithm

Algorithm (n.) The art of calculating by nine figures and zero.

Algorithm (n.) The art of calculating with any species of notation; as, the algorithms of fractions, proportions, surds, etc.

Alguazil (n.) An inferior officer of justice in Spain; a warrant officer; a constable.

Algum (n.) Same as Almug (and etymologically preferable).

Alhambra (n.) The palace of the Moorish kings at Granada.

Alhenna (n.) See Henna.

Alias (n.) A second or further writ which is issued after a first writ has expired without effect.

Alias (n.) Another name; an assumed name.

Alibi (n.) The plea or mode of defense under which a person on trial for a crime proves or attempts to prove that he was in another place when the alleged act was committed; as, to set up an alibi; to prove an alibi.

Alibility (n.) Quality of being alible.

Alicant (n.) A kind of wine, formerly much esteemed; -- said to have been made near Alicant, in Spain.

Alidade (n.) The portion of a graduated instrument, as a quadrant or astrolabe, carrying the sights or telescope, and showing the degrees cut off on the arc of the instrument

Alien (n.) A foreigner; one owing allegiance, or belonging, to another country; a foreign-born resident of a country in which he does not possess the privileges of a citizen. Hence, a stranger. See Alienage.

Alien (n.) One excluded from certain privileges; one alienated or estranged; as, aliens from God's mercies.

Alienability (n.) Capability of being alienated.

Alienage (n.) The state or legal condition of being an alien.

Alienage (n.) The state of being alienated or transferred to another.

Alienate (n.) A stranger; an alien.

Alienation (n.) The act of alienating, or the state of being alienated.

Alienation (n.) A transfer of title, or a legal conveyance of property to another.

Alienation (n.) A withdrawing or estrangement, as of the affections.

Alienation (n.) Mental alienation; derangement of the mental faculties; insanity; as, alienation of mind.

Alienator (n.) One who alienates.

Alienee (n.) One to whom the title of property is transferred; -- opposed to alienor.

Alienism (n.) The status or legal condition of an alien; alienage.

Alienism (n.) The study or treatment of diseases of the mind.

Alienist (n.) One who treats diseases of the mind.

Alienor (n.) One who alienates or transfers property to another.

Alignment (n.) The act of adjusting to a

Alignment (n.) The ground-plan of a railway or other road, in distinction from the grades or profile.

Aliment (n.) That which nourishes; food; nutriment; anything which feeds or adds to a substance in natural growth. Hence: The necessaries of life generally: sustenance; means of support.

Aliment (n.) An allowance for maintenance.

Alimentariness (n.) The quality of being alimentary; nourishing quality.

Alimentation (n.) The act or process of affording nutriment; the function of the alimentary canal.

Alimentation (n.) State or mode of being nourished.

Alimentiveness (n.) The instinct or faculty of appetite for food.

Alimony (n.) Maintenance; means of living.

Alimony (n.) An allowance made to a wife out of her husband's estate or income for her support, upon her divorce or legal separation from him, or during a suit for the same.

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Alioth (n.) A star in the tail of the Great Bear, the one next the bowl in the Dipper.

Aliped (n.) An animal whose toes are connected by a membrane, serving for a wing, as the bat.

Alisphenoid (n.) The alisphenoid bone.

Alitrunk (n.) The segment of the body of an insect to which the wings are attached; the thorax.

Alizari (n.) The madder of the Levant.

Alizarin (n.) A coloring principle, C14H6O2(OH)2, found in madder, and now produced artificially from anthracene. It produces the Turkish reds.

Alkahest (n.) The fabled "universal solvent" of the alchemists; a menstruum capable of dissolving all bodies.

Alkalamide (n.) One of a series of compounds that may be regarded as ammonia in which a part of the hydrogen has been replaced by basic, and another part by acid, atoms or radicals.

Alkalescence (n.) Alt. of Alkalescency

Alkalescency (n.) A tendency to become alka

Alkali (n.) Soda ash; caustic soda, caustic potash, etc.

Alkali (n.) One of a class of caustic bases, such as soda, potash, ammonia, and lithia, whose distinguishing peculiarities are solubility in alcohol and water, uniting with oils and fats to form soap, neutralizing and forming salts with acids, turning to brown several vegetable yellows, and changing reddened litmus to blue.

Alkalimeter (n.) An instrument to ascertain the strength of alkalies, or the quantity of alkali in a mixture.

Alkalimetry (n.) The art or process of ascertaining the strength of alkalies, or the quantity present in alka

Alkalinity (n.) The quality which constitutes an alkali; alka

Alkalization (n.) The act rendering alka

Alkaloid (n.) An organic base, especially one of a class of substances occurring ready formed in the tissues of plants and the bodies of animals.

Alkanet (n.) A dyeing matter extracted from the roots of Alkanna tinctoria, which gives a fine deep red color.

Alkanet (n.) A boraginaceous herb (Alkanna tinctoria) yielding the dye; orchanet.

Alkanet (n.) The similar plant Anchusa officinalis; bugloss; also, the American puccoon.

Alkargen (n.) Same as Cacodylic acid.

Alkarsin (n.) A spontaneously inflammable liquid, having a repulsive odor, and consisting of cacodyl and its oxidation products; -- called also Cadel's fuming liquid.

Alkekengi (n.) An herbaceous plant of the nightshade family (Physalis alkekengi) and its fruit, which is a well flavored berry, the size of a cherry, loosely inclosed in a enlarged leafy calyx; -- also called winter cherry, ground cherry, and strawberry tomato.

Alkermes (n.) A compound cordial, in the form of a confection, deriving its name from the kermes insect, its principal ingredient.

Alkoran (n.) The Mohammedan Scriptures. Same as Alcoran and Koran.

Alkoranist (n.) Same as Alcoranist.

All (n.) The whole number, quantity, or amount; the entire thing; everything included or concerned; the aggregate; the whole; totality; everything or every person; as, our all is at stake.

Allah (n.) The name of the Supreme Being, in use among the Arabs and the Mohammedans generally.

Allanite (n.) A silicate containing a large amount of cerium. It is usually black in color, opaque, and is related to epidote in form and composition.

Allantoin (n.) A crystal

Allantois (n.) Alt. of Allantoid

Allantoid (n.) A membranous appendage of the embryos of mammals, birds, and reptiles, -- in mammals serving to connect the fetus with the parent; the urinary vesicle.

Allay (n.) Alleviation; abatement; check.

Allay (n.) Alloy.

Allayer (n.) One who, or that which, allays.

Allayment (n.) An allaying; that which allays; mitigation.

Allecret (n.) A kind of light armor used in the sixteenth century, esp. by the Swiss.

Allectation (n.) Enticement; allurement.

Allective (n.) Allurement.

Allegation (n.) The act of alleging or positively asserting.

Allegation (n.) That which is alleged, asserted, or declared; positive assertion; formal averment

Allegation (n.) A statement by a party of what he undertakes to prove, -- usually applied to each separate averment; the charge or matter undertaken to be proved.

Allegeance (n.) Allegation.

Allegement (n.) Allegation.

Alleger (n.) One who affirms or declares.

Allegiance (n.) The tie or obligation, implied or expressed, which a subject owes to his sovereign or government; the duty of fidelity to one's king, government, or state.

Allegiance (n.) Devotion; loyalty; as, allegiance to science.

Allegorist (n.) One who allegorizes; a writer of allegory.

Allegorization (n.) The act of turning into allegory, or of understanding in an allegorical sense.

Allegorizer (n.) One who allegorizes, or turns things into allegory; an allegorist.

Allegory (n.) A figurative sentence or discourse, in which the principal subject is described by another subject resembling it in its properties and circumstances. The real subject is thus kept out of view, and we are left to collect the intentions of the writer or speaker by the resemblance of the secondary to the primary subject.

Allegory (n.) Anything which represents by suggestive resemblance; an emblem.

Allegory (n.) A figure representation which has a meaning beyond notion directly conveyed by the object painted or sculptured.

Allegresse (n.) Joy; gladsomeness.

Allegretto (n.) A movement in this time.

Allegro (n.) An allegro movement; a quick, sprightly strain or piece.

Alleluia (n.) Alt. of Alleluiah

Alleluiah (n.) An exclamation signifying Praise ye Jehovah. Hence: A song of praise to God. See Hallelujah, the commoner form.

Allemande (n.) A dance in moderate twofold time, invented by the French in the reign of Louis XIV.; -- now mostly found in suites of pieces, like those of Bach and Handel.

Allemande (n.) A figure in dancing.

Allerion (n.) Am eagle without beak or feet, with expanded wings.

Alleviation (n.) The act of alleviating; a lightening of weight or severity; mitigation; relief.

Alleviation (n.) That which mitigates, or makes more tolerable.

Alleviative (n.) That which alleviates.

Alleviator (n.) One who, or that which, alleviates.

Alley (n.) A narrow passage; especially a walk or passage in a garden or park, bordered by rows of trees or bushes; a bordered way.

Alley (n.) A narrow passage or way in a city, as distinct from a public street.

Alley (n.) A passageway between rows of pews in a church.

Alley (n.) Any passage having the entrance represented as wider than the exit, so as to give the appearance of length.

Alley (n.) The space between two rows of compositors' stands in a printing office.

Alley (n.) A choice taw or marble.

Alleyway (n.) An alley.

Allhallond (n.) Allhallows.

Allhallow (n.) Alt. of Allhallows

Allhallows (n.) All the saints (in heaven).

Allhallows (n.) All Saints' Day, November 1st.

Allhallowmas (n.) The feast of All Saints.

Allhallowtide (n.) The time at or near All Saints, or November 1st.

Allheal (n.) A name popularly given to the officinal valerian, and to some other plants.

Alliance (n.) The state of being allied; the act of allying or uniting; a union or connection of interests between families, states, parties, etc., especially between families by marriage and states by compact, treaty, or league; as, matrimonial alliances; an alliance between church and state; an alliance between France and England.

Alliance (n.) Any union resembling that of families or states; union by relationship in qualities; affinity.

Alliance (n.) The persons or parties allied.

Alliant (n.) An ally; a confederate.

Allice (n.) Alt. of Allis

Allis (n.) The European shad (Clupea vulgaris); allice shad. See Alose.

Alliciency (n.) Attractive power; attractiveness.

Allicient (n.) That attracts.

Alligation (n.) The act of tying together or attaching by some bond, or the state of being attached.

Alligation (n.) A rule relating to the solution of questions concerning the compounding or mixing of different ingredients, or ingredients of different qualities or values.

Alligator (n.) A large carnivorous reptile of the Crocodile family, peculiar to America. It has a shorter and broader snout than the crocodile, and the large teeth of the lower jaw shut into pits in the upper jaw, which has no marginal notches. Besides the common species of the southern United States, there are allied species in South America.

Alligator (n.) Any machine with strong jaws, one of which opens like the movable jaw of an alligator

Alligator (n.) a form of squeezer for the puddle ball

Alligator (n.) a rock breaker

Alligator (n.) a kind of job press, called also alligator press.

Allignment (n.) See Alignment.

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Allision (n.) The act of dashing against, or striking upon.

Alliteration (n.) The repetition of the same letter at the beginning of two or more words immediately succeeding each other, or at short intervals; as in the following

Alliterator (n.) One who alliterates.

Allium (n.) A genus of plants, including the onion, garlic, leek, chive, etc.

Allmouth (n.) The angler.

Allness (n.) Totality; completeness.

Allnight (n.) Light, fuel, or food for the whole night.

Allocation (n.) The act of putting one thing to another; a placing; disposition; arrangement.

Allocation (n.) An allotment or apportionment; as, an allocation of shares in a company.

Allocation (n.) The admission of an item in an account, or an allowance made upon an account; -- a term used in the English exchequer.

Allocatur (n.) "Allowed." The word allocatur expresses the allowance of a proceeding, writ, order, etc., by a court, judge, or judicial officer.

Allochroite (n.) See Garnet.

Allocution (n.) The act or manner of speaking to, or of addressing in words.

Allocution (n.) An address; a hortatory or authoritative address as of a pope to his clergy.

Allod (n.) See Allodium.

Allodialism (n.) The allodial system.

Allodialist (n.) One who holds allodial land.

Allodiary (n.) One who holds an allodium.

Allodium (n.) Freehold estate; land which is the absolute property of the owner; real estate held in absolute independence, without being subject to any rent, service, or acknowledgment to a superior. It is thus opposed to feud.

Allogamy (n.) Fertilization of the pistil of a plant by pollen from another of the same species; cross-fertilization.

Allograph (n.) A writing or signature made by some person other than any of the parties thereto; -- opposed to autograph.

Allomerism (n.) Variability in chemical constitution without variation in crystal

Allomorph (n.) Any one of two or more distinct crystal

Allomorph (n.) A variety of pseudomorph which has undergone partial or complete change or substitution of material; -- thus limonite is frequently an allomorph after pyrite.

Allomorphism (n.) The property which constitutes an allomorph; the change involved in becoming an allomorph.

Allonym (n.) The name of another person assumed by the author of a work.

Allonym (n.) A work published under the name of some one other than the author.

Allopath (n.) An allopathist.

Allopathist (n.) One who practices allopathy; one who professes allopathy.

Allopathy (n.) That system of medical practice which aims to combat disease by the use of remedies which produce effects different from those produced by the special disease treated; -- a term invented by Hahnemann to designate the ordinary practice, as opposed to homeopathy.

Alloquy (n.) A speaking to another; an address.

Allotheism (n.) The worship of strange gods.

Allotment (n.) The act of allotting; assignment.

Allotment (n.) That which is allotted; a share, part, or portion granted or distributed; that which is assigned by lot, or by the act of God; anything set apart for a special use or to a distinct party.

Allotment (n.) The allowance of a specific amount of scrip or of a particular thing to a particular person.

Allotriophagy (n.) A depraved appetite; a desire for improper food.

Allotropicity (n.) Allotropic property or nature.

Allotropism (n.) Alt. of Allotropy

Allotropy (n.) The property of existing in two or more conditions which are distinct in their physical or chemical relations.

Allottee (n.) One to whom anything is allotted; one to whom an allotment is made.

Allotter (n.) One who allots.

Allottery (n.) Allotment.

Allowableness (n.) The quality of being allowable; permissibleness; lawfulness; exemption from prohibition or impropriety.

Allowance (n.) Approval; approbation.

Allowance (n.) The act of allowing, granting, conceding, or admitting; authorization; permission; sanction; tolerance.

Allowance (n.) Acknowledgment.

Allowance (n.) License; indulgence.

Allowance (n.) That which is allowed; a share or portion allotted or granted; a sum granted as a reimbursement, a bounty, or as appropriate for any purpose; a stated quantity, as of food or drink; hence, a limited quantity of meat and drink, when provisions fall short.

Allowance (n.) Abatement; deduction; the taking into account of mitigating circumstances; as, to make allowance for the inexperience of youth.

Allowance (n.) A customary deduction from the gross weight of goods, different in different countries, such as tare and tret.

Allowance (n.) To put upon a fixed allowance (esp. of provisions and drink); to supply in a fixed and limited quantity; as, the captain was obliged to allowance his crew; our provisions were allowanced.

Allower (n.) An approver or abettor.

Allower (n.) One who allows or permits.

Alloxan (n.) An oxidation product of uric acid. It is of a pale reddish color, readily soluble in water or alcohol.

Alloxanate (n.) A combination of alloxanic acid and a base or base or positive radical.

Alloxantin (n.) A substance produced by acting upon uric with warm and very dilute nitric acid.

Alloyage (n.) The act or art of alloying metals; also, the combination or alloy.

Allspice (n.) The berry of the pimento (Eugenia pimenta), a tree of the West Indies; a spice of a mildly pungent taste, and agreeably aromatic; Jamaica pepper; pimento. It has been supposed to combine the flavor of cinnamon, nutmegs, and cloves; and hence the name. The name is also given to other aromatic shrubs; as, the Carolina allspice (Calycanthus floridus); wild allspice (Lindera benzoin), called also spicebush, spicewood, and feverbush.

Allumette (n.) A match for lighting candles, lamps, etc.

Alluminor (n.) An illuminator of manuscripts and books; a limner.

Allurance (n.) Allurement.

Allure (n.) Allurement.

Allure (n.) Gait; bearing.

Allurement (n.) The act alluring; temptation; enticement.

Allurement (n.) That which allures; any real or apparent good held forth, or operating, as a motive to action; as, the allurements of pleasure, or of honor.

Allurer (n.) One who, or that which, allures.

Allusion (n.) A figurative or symbolical reference.

Allusion (n.) A reference to something supposed to be known, but not explicitly mentioned; a covert indication; indirect reference; a hint.

Allusiveness (n.) The quality of being allusive.

Alluvion (n.) Wash or flow of water against the shore or bank.

Alluvion (n.) An overflowing; an inundation; a flood.

Alluvion (n.) Matter deposited by an inundation or the action of flowing water; alluvium.

Alluvion (n.) An accession of land gradually washed to the shore or bank by the flowing of water. See Accretion.

Alluvious (n.) Alluvial.

Alluvium (n.) Deposits of earth, sand, gravel, and other transported matter, made by rivers, floods, or other causes, upon land not permanently submerged beneath the waters of lakes or seas.

Allwork (n.) Domestic or other work of all kinds; as, a maid of allwork, that is, a general servant.

Ally (n.) See Alley, a marble or taw.

Allyl (n.) An organic radical, C3H5, existing especially in oils of garlic and mustard.

Allylene (n.) A gaseous hydrocarbon, C3H4, homologous with acetylene; propine.

Alma (n.) Alt. of Almah

Almah (n.) Same as Alme.

Almacantar (n.) Same as Almucantar.

Almacantar (n.) A recently invented instrument for observing the heavenly bodies as they cross a given almacantar circle. See Almucantar.

Almadia (n.) Alt. of Almadie

Almadie (n.) A bark canoe used by the Africans.

Almadie (n.) A boat used at Calicut, in India, about eighty feet long, and six or seven broad.

Almagest (n.) The celebrated work of Ptolemy of Alexandria, which contains nearly all that is known of the astronomical observations and theories of the ancients. The name was extended to other similar works.

Almagra (n.) A fine, deep red ocher, somewhat purplish, found in Spain. It is the sil atticum of the ancients. Under the name of Indian red it is used for polishing glass and silver.

Almain (n.) Alt. of Alman

Almayne (n.) Alt. of Alman

Alman (n.) A German.

Almanac (n.) A book or table, containing a calendar of days, and months, to which astronomical data and various statistics are often added, such as the times of the rising and setting of the sun and moon, eclipses, hours of full tide, stated festivals of churches, terms of courts, etc.

Almandine (n.) The common red variety of garnet.

Alme (n.) Alt. of Almeh

Almeh (n.) An Egyptian dancing girl; an Alma.

Almendron (n.) The lofty Brazil-nut tree.

Almery (n.) See Ambry.

Almesse (n.) See Alms.

Almightiness (n.) Omnipotence; infinite or boundless power; unlimited might.

Almner (n.) An almoner.

Almond (n.) The fruit of the almond tree.

Almond (n.) The tree that bears the fruit; almond tree.

Almond (n.) Anything shaped like an almond.

Almond (n.) One of the tonsils.

Almondine (n.) See Almandine

Almoner (n.) One who distributes alms, esp. the doles and alms of religious houses, almshouses, etc.; also, one who dispenses alms for another, as the almoner of a prince, bishop, etc.

Almonership (n.) The office of an almoner.

Almonry (n.) The place where an almoner resides, or where alms are distributed.

Almose (n.) Alms.

Almry (n.) See Almonry.

Almsdeed (n.) An act of charity.

Almsfolk (n.) Persons supported by alms; almsmen.

Almsgiver (n.) A giver of alms.

Almsgiving (n.) The giving of alms.

Almshouse (n.) A house appropriated for the use of the poor; a poorhouse.

Almsman (n.) A recipient of alms.

Almsman (n.) A giver of alms.

Almucantar (n.) A small circle of the sphere parallel to the horizon; a circle or parallel of altitude. Two stars which have the same almucantar have the same altitude. See Almacantar.

Almuce (n.) Same as Amice, a hood or cape.

Almude (n.) A measure for liquids in several countries. In Portugal the Lisbon almude is about 4.4, and the Oporto almude about 6.6, gallons U. S. measure. In Turkey the "almud" is about 1.4 gallons.

Almug (n.) Alt. of Algum

Algum (n.) A tree or wood of the Bible (2 Chron. ii. 8; 1 K. x. 11).

Alnage (n.) Measurement (of cloth) by the ell; also, a duty for such measurement.

Alnager (n.) A measure by the ell; formerly a sworn officer in England, whose duty was to inspect and measure woolen cloth, and fix upon it a seal.

Aloe (n.) The wood of the agalloch.

Aloe (n.) A genus of succulent plants, some classed as trees, others as shrubs, but the greater number having the habit and appearance of evergreen herbaceous plants; from some of which are prepared articles for medicine and the arts. They are natives of warm countries.

Aloe (n.) The inspissated juice of several species of aloe, used as a purgative.

Aloetic (n.) A medicine containing chiefly aloes.

Alogian (n.) One of an ancient sect who rejected St. John's Gospel and the Apocalypse, which speak of Christ as the Logos.

Alogy (n.) Unreasonableness; absurdity.

Aloin (n.) A bitter purgative principle in aloes.

Alomancy (n.) Divination by means of salt.

Aloneness (n.) A state of being alone, or without company; solitariness.

Alongshoreman (n.) See Longshoreman.

Aloof (n.) Same as Alewife.

Aloofness (n.) State of being aloof.

Alopecia (n.) Alt. of Alopecy

Alopecy (n.) Loss of the hair; baldness.

Alopecist (n.) A practitioner who tries to prevent or cure baldness.

Alose (n.) The European shad (Clupea alosa); -- called also allice shad or allis shad. The name is sometimes applied to the American shad (Clupea sapidissima). See Shad.

Alouatte (n.) One of the several species of howling monkeys of South America. See Howler, 2.

Alp (n.) A very high mountain. Specifically, in the plural, the highest chain of mountains in Europe, containing the lofty mountains of Switzerland, etc.

Alp (n.) Fig.: Something lofty, or massive, or very hard to be surmounted.

Alp (n.) A bullfinch.

Alpaca (n.) An animal of Peru (Lama paco), having long, fine, wooly hair, supposed by some to be a domesticated variety of the llama.

Alpaca (n.) Wool of the alpaca.

Alpaca (n.) A thin kind of cloth made of the wooly hair of the alpaca, often mixed with silk or with cotton.

Alpenstock (n.) A long staff, pointed with iron, used in climbing the Alps.

Alpha (n.) The first letter in the Greek alphabet, answering to A, and hence used to denote the beginning.

Alphabet (n.) The letters of a language arranged in the customary order; the series of letters or signs which form the elements of written language.

Alphabet (n.) The simplest rudiments; elements.

Alphabetarian (n.) A learner of the alphabet; an abecedarian.

Alphabetics (n.) The science of representing spoken sounds by letters.

Alphabetism (n.) The expression of spoken sounds by an alphabet.

Al-phitomancy (n.) Divination by means of barley meal.

Alpinist (n.) A climber of the Alps.

Alpist (n.) Alt. of Alpia

Alpia (n.) The seed of canary grass (Phalaris Canariensis), used for feeding cage birds.

Alquifou (n.) A lead ore found in Cornwall, England, and used by potters to give a green glaze to their wares; potter's ore.

Alsatian (n.) An inhabitant of Alsatia or Alsace in Germany, or of Alsatia or White Friars (a resort of debtors and criminals) in London.

Alsike (n.) A species of clover with pinkish or white flowers; Trifolium hybridum.

Altar (n.) A raised structure (as a square or oblong erection of stone or wood) on which sacrifices are offered or incense burned to a deity.

Altar (n.) In the Christian church, a construction of stone, wood, or other material for the celebration of the Holy Eucharist; the communion table.

Altarage (n.) The offerings made upon the altar, or to a church.

Altarage (n.) The profit which accrues to the priest, by reason of the altar, from the small tithes.

Altarist (n.) A chaplain.

Altarist (n.) A vicar of a church.

Altarpiece (n.) The painting or piece of sculpture above and behind the altar; reredos.

Altazimuth (n.) An instrument for taking azimuths and altitudes simultaneously.

Alterability (n.) The quality of being alterable; alterableness.

Alterableness (n.) The quality of being alterable; variableness; alterability.

Alterant (n.) An alterative.

Alteration (n.) The act of altering or making different.

Alteration (n.) The state of being altered; a change made in the form or nature of a thing; changed condition.

Alterative (n.) A medicine or treatment which gradually induces a change, and restores healthy functions without sensible evacuations.

Altercation (n.) Warm contention in words; dispute carried on with heat or anger; controversy; wrangle; wordy contest.

Alterity (n.) The state or quality of being other; a being otherwise.

Alternacy (n.) Alternateness; alternation.

Alternate (n.) That which alternates with something else; vicissitude.

Alternate (n.) A substitute; one designated to take the place of another, if necessary, in performing some duty.

Alternate (n.) A proportion derived from another proportion by interchanging the means.

Alternateness (n.) The quality of being alternate, or of following by turns.

Alternation (n.) The reciprocal succession of things in time or place; the act of following and being followed by turns; alternate succession, performance, or occurrence; as, the alternation of day and night, cold and heat, summer and winter, hope and fear.

Alternation (n.) Permutation.

Alternation (n.) The response of the congregation speaking alternately with the minister.

Alternative (n.) An offer of two things, one of which may be chosen, but not both; a choice between two things, so that if one is taken, the other must be left.

Alternative (n.) Either of two things or propositions offered to one's choice. Thus when two things offer a choice of one only, the two things are called alternatives.

Alternative (n.) The course of action or the thing offered in place of another.

Alternative (n.) A choice between more than two things; one of several things offered to choose among.

Alternativeness (n.) The quality of being alternative, or of offering a choice between two.

Alternity (n.) Succession by turns; alternation.

Althaea (n.) Alt. of Althea

Althea (n.) A genus of plants of the Mallow family. It includes the officinal marsh mallow, and the garden hollyhocks.

Althea (n.) An ornamental shrub (Hibiscus Syriacus) of the Mallow family.

Altheine (n.) Asparagine.

Althorn (n.) An instrument of the saxhorn family, used exclusively in military music, often replacing the French horn.

Altiloquence (n.) Lofty speech; pompous language.

Altimeter (n.) An instrument for taking altitudes, as a quadrant, sextant, etc.

Altimetry (n.) The art of measuring altitudes, or heights.

Altincar (n.) See Tincal.

Altiscope (n.) An arrangement of lenses and mirrors which enables a person to see an object in spite of intervening objects.

Altissimo (n.) The part or notes situated above F in alt.

Altitude (n.) Space extended upward; height; the perpendicular elevation of an object above its foundation, above the ground, or above a given level, or of one object above another; as, the altitude of a mountain, or of a bird above the top of a tree.

Altitude (n.) The elevation of a point, or star, or other celestial object, above the horizon, measured by the arc of a vertical circle intercepted between such point and the horizon. It is either true or apparent; true when measured from the rational or real horizon, apparent when from the sensible or apparent horizon.

Altitude (n.) The perpendicular distance from the base of a figure to the summit, or to the side parallel to the base; as, the altitude of a triangle, pyramid, parallelogram, frustum, etc.

Altitude (n.) Height of degree; highest point or degree.

Altitude (n.) Height of rank or excellence; superiority.

Altitude (n.) Elevation of spirits; heroics; haughty airs.

Alto (n.) Formerly the part sung by the highest male, or counter-tenor, voices; now the part sung by the lowest female, or contralto, voices, between in tenor and soprano. In instrumental music it now signifies the tenor.

Alto (n.) An alto singer.

Altometer (n.) A theodolite.

Alto-relievo (n.) Alto-rilievo.

Alto-rilievo (n.) High relief; sculptured work in which the figures project more than half their thickness; as, this figure is an alto-rilievo or in alto-rilievo.

Altruism (n.) Regard for others, both natural and moral; devotion to the interests of others; brotherly kindness; -- opposed to egoism or selfishness.

Altruist (n.) One imbued with altruism; -- opposed to egoist.

Aludel (n.) One of the pear-shaped pots open at both ends, and so formed as to be fitted together, the neck of one into the bottom of another in succession; -- used in the process of sublimation.

Alula (n.) A false or bastard wing. See under Bastard.

Alum (n.) A double sulphate formed of aluminium and some other element (esp. an alkali metal) or of aluminium. It has twenty-four molecules of water of crystallization.

Alumen (n.) Alum.

Alumina (n.) One of the earths, consisting of two parts of aluminium and three of oxygen, Al2O3.

Aluminate (n.) A compound formed from the hydrate of aluminium by the substitution of a metal for the hydrogen.

Alumine (n.) Alumina.

Aluminium (n.) The metallic base of alumina. This metal is white, but with a bluish tinge, and is remarkable for its resistance to oxidation, and for its lightness, having a specific gravity of about 2.6. Atomic weight 27.08. Symbol Al.

Aluminum (n.) See Aluminium.

Alumnus (n.) A pupil; especially, a graduate of a college or other seminary of learning.

Alunite (n.) Alum stone.

Alunogen (n.) A white fibrous mineral frequently found on the walls of mines and quarries, chiefly hydrous sulphate of alumina; -- also called feather alum, and hair salt.

Alure (n.) A walk or passage; -- applied to passages of various kinds.

Alutation (n.) The tanning or dressing of leather.

Alveary (n.) A beehive, or something resembling a beehive.

Alveary (n.) The hollow of the external ear.

Alveole (n.) Same as Alveolus.

Alveolus (n.) A cell in a honeycomb.

Alveolus (n.) A small cavity in a coral, shell, or fossil

Alveolus (n.) A small depression, sac, or vesicle, as the socket of a tooth, the air cells of the lungs, the ultimate saccules of glands, etc.

Alveus (n.) The channel of a river.

Alyssum (n.) A genus of cruciferous plants; madwort. The sweet alyssum (A. maritimum), cultivated for bouquets, bears small, white, sweet-scented flowers.

Amability (n.) Lovableness.

Amadavat (n.) The strawberry finch, a small Indian song bird (Estrelda amandava), commonly caged and kept for fighting. The female is olive brown; the male, in summer, mostly crimson; -- called also red waxbill.

Amadou (n.) A spongy, combustible substance, prepared from fungus (Boletus and Polyporus) which grows on old trees; German tinder; punk. It has been employed as a styptic by surgeons, but its common use is as tinder, for which purpose it is prepared by soaking it in a strong solution of niter.

Amain (n.) With might; with full force; vigorously; violently; exceedingly.

Amain (n.) At full speed; in great haste; also, at once.

Amalgam (n.) An alloy of mercury with another metal or metals; as, an amalgam of tin, bismuth, etc.

Amalgam (n.) A mixture or compound of different things.

Amalgam (n.) A native compound of mercury and silver.

Amalgama (n.) Same as Amalgam.

Amalgamation (n.) The act or operation of compounding mercury with another metal; -- applied particularly to the process of separating gold and silver from their ores by mixing them with mercury.

Amalgamation (n.) The mixing or blending of different elements, races, societies, etc.; also, the result of such combination or blending; a homogeneous union.

Amalgamator (n.) One who, or that which, amalgamates. Specifically: A machine for separating precious metals from earthy particles by bringing them in contact with a body of mercury with which they form an amalgam.

Amandine (n.) The vegetable casein of almonds.

Amandine (n.) A kind of cold cream prepared from almonds, for chapped hands, etc.

Amanitine (n.) The poisonous principle of some fungi.

Amanuensis (n.) A person whose employment is to write what another dictates, or to copy what another has written.

Amaracus (n.) A fragrant flower.

Amarant (n.) Amaranth, 1.

Amaranth (n.) An imaginary flower supposed never to fade.

Amaranth (n.) A genus of ornamental annual plants (Amaranthus) of many species, with green, purplish, or crimson flowers.

Amaranth (n.) A color inclining to purple.

Amaranthus (n.) Alt. of Amarantus

Amarantus (n.) Same as Amaranth.

Amarine (n.) A characteristic crystal

Amaritude (n.) Bitterness.

Amaryllis (n.) A pastoral sweetheart.

Amaryllis (n.) A family of plants much esteemed for their beauty, including the narcissus, jonquil, daffodil, agave, and others.

Amaryllis (n.) A genus of the same family, including the Belladonna lily.

Amass (n.) A mass; a heap.

Amasser (n.) One who amasses.

Amassette (n.) An instrument of horn used for collecting painters' colors on the stone in the process of grinding.

Amassment (n.) An amassing; a heap collected; a large quantity or number brought together; an accumulation.

Amateur (n.) A person attached to a particular pursuit, study, or science as to music or painting; esp. one who cultivates any study or art, from taste or attachment, without pursuing it professionally.

Amateurism (n.) The practice, habit, or work of an amateur.

Amateurship (n.) The quality or character of an amateur.

Amativeness (n.) The faculty supposed to influence sexual desire; propensity to love.

Amaurosis (n.) A loss or decay of sight, from loss of power in the optic nerve, without any perceptible external change in the eye; -- called also gutta serena, the "drop serene" of Milton.

Amazedness (n.) The state of being amazed, or confounded with fear, surprise, or wonder.

Amazement (n.) The condition of being amazed; bewilderment [Obs.]; overwhelming wonder, as from surprise, sudden fear, horror, or admiration.

Amazement (n.) Frenzy; madness.

Amazon (n.) One of a fabulous race of female warriors in Scythia; hence, a female warrior.

Amazon (n.) A tall, strong, mascu

Amazon (n.) A name numerous species of South American parrots of the genus Chrysotis

Amazonite (n.) Alt. of Amazon stone

Amazon stone (n.) A variety of feldspar, having a verdigris-green color.

Ambassador (n.) Alt. of Embassador

Embassador (n.) A minister of the highest rank sent to a foreign court to represent there his sovereign or country.

Embassador (n.) An official messenger and representative.

Ambassadorship (n.) The state, office, or functions of an ambassador.

Ambassadress (n.) A female ambassador; also, the wife of an ambassador.

Ambassage (n.) Same as Embassage.

Ambassy (n.) See Embassy, the usual spelling.

Amber (n.) A yellowish translucent resin resembling copal, found as a fossil in alluvial soils, with beds of lignite, or on the seashore in many places. It takes a fine polish, and is used for pipe mouthpieces, beads, etc., and as a basis for a fine varnish. By friction, it becomes strongly electric.

Amber (n.) Amber color, or anything amber-colored; a clear light yellow; as, the amber of the sky.

Amber (n.) Ambergris.

Amber (n.) The balsam, liquidambar.

Ambergrease (n.) See Ambergris.

Ambergris (n.) A substance of the consistence of wax, found floating in the Indian Ocean and other parts of the tropics, and also as a morbid secretion in the intestines of the sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus), which is believed to be in all cases its true origin. In color it is white, ash-gray, yellow, or black, and often variegated like marble. The floating masses are sometimes from sixty to two hundred and twenty-five pounds in weight. It is wholly volatilized as a white vapor at 212>

Ambes-as (n.) Ambs-ace.

Ambidexter (n.) A person who uses both hands with equal facility.

Ambidexter (n.) A double-dealer; one equally ready to act on either side in party disputes.

Ambidexter (n.) A juror who takes money from both parties for giving his verdict.

Ambidexterity (n.) The quality of being ambidextrous; the faculty of using both hands with equal facility.

Ambidexterity (n.) Versatility; general readiness; as, ambidexterity of argumentation.

Ambidexterity (n.) Double-dealing.

Ambidexterity (n.) A juror's taking of money from the both parties for a verdict.

Ambidextrousness (n.) The quality of being ambidextrous; ambidexterity.

Ambient (n.) Something that surrounds or invests; as, air . . . being a perpetual ambient.

Ambigu (n.) An entertainment at which a medley of dishes is set on at the same time.

Ambiguity (n.) The quality or state of being ambiguous; doubtfulness or uncertainty, particularly as to the signification of language, arising from its admitting of more than one meaning; an equivocal word or expression.

Ambiguousness (n.) Ambiguity.

Ambiloquy (n.) Doubtful or ambiguous language.

Ambit (n.) Circuit or compass.

Ambition (n.) The act of going about to solicit or obtain an office, or any other object of desire; canvassing.

Ambition (n.) An eager, and sometimes an inordinate, desire for preferment, honor, superiority, power, or the attainment of something.

Ambitionist (n.) One excessively ambitious.

Ambitiousness (n.) The quality of being ambitious; ambition; pretentiousness.

Ambitus (n.) The exterior edge or border of a thing, as the border of a leaf, or the out

Ambitus (n.) A canvassing for votes.

Amble (n.) A peculiar gait of a horse, in which both legs on the same side are moved at the same time, alternating with the legs on the other side.

Amble (n.) A movement like the amble of a horse.

Ambler (n.) A horse or a person that ambles.

Amblygon (n.) An obtuse-angled figure, esp. and obtuse-angled triangle.

Amblyopia (n.) Alt. of Amblyopy

Amblyopy (n.) Weakness of sight, without and opacity of the cornea, or of the interior of the eye; the first degree of amaurosis.

Ambo (n.) A large pulpit or reading desk, in the early Christian churches.

Ambon (n.) Same as Ambo.

Ambreate (n.) A salt formed by the combination of ambreic acid with a base or positive radical.

Ambrein (n.) A fragrant substance which is the chief constituent of ambergris.

Ambrite (n.) A fossil resin occurring in large masses in New Zealand.

Ambrose (n.) A sweet-scented herb; ambrosia. See Ambrosia, 3.

Ambrosia (n.) The fabled food of the gods (as nectar was their drink), which conferred immortality upon those who partook of it.

Ambrosia (n.) An unguent of the gods.

Ambrosia (n.) A perfumed unguent, salve, or draught; something very pleasing to the taste or smell.

Ambrosia (n.) Formerly, a kind of fragrant plant; now (Bot.), a genus of plants, including some coarse and worthless weeds, called ragweed, hogweed, etc.

Ambrosin (n.) An early coin struck by the dukes of Milan, and bearing the figure of St. Ambrose on horseback.

Ambrotype (n.) A picture taken on a plate of prepared glass, in which the lights are represented in silver, and the shades are produced by a dark background visible through the unsilvered portions of the glass.

Ambry (n.) In churches, a kind of closet, niche, cupboard, or locker for utensils, vestments, etc.

Ambry (n.) A store closet, as a pantry, cupboard, etc.

Ambry (n.) Almonry.

Ambs-ace (n.) Double aces, the lowest throw of all at dice. Hence: Bad luck; anything of no account or value.

Ambulacrum (n.) One of the radical zones of echinoderms, along which run the principal nerves, blood vessels, and water tubes. These zones usually bear rows of locomotive suckers or tentacles, which protrude from regular pores. In star fishes they occupy the grooves along the under side of the rays.

Ambulacrum (n.) One of the suckers on the feet of mites.

Ambulance (n.) A field hospital, so organized as to follow an army in its movements, and intended to succor the wounded as soon as possible. Often used adjectively; as, an ambulance wagon; ambulance stretcher; ambulance corps.

Ambulance (n.) An ambulance wagon or cart for conveying the wounded from the field, or to a hospital.

Ambulation (n.) The act of walking.

Ambulator (n.) One who walks about; a walker.

Ambulator (n.) A beetle of the genus Lamia.

Ambulator (n.) A genus of birds, or one of this genus.

Ambulator (n.) An instrument for measuring distances; -- called also perambulator.

Ambulatory (n.) A place to walk in, whether in the open air, as the gallery of a cloister, or within a building.

Amburry (n.) Same as Anbury.

Ambuscado (n.) Ambuscade.

Ambusher (n.) One lying in ambush.

Ambustion (n.) A burn or scald.

Ameer (n.) Alt. of Amir

Amir (n.) Emir.

Amir (n.) One of the Mohammedan nobility of Afghanistan and Scinde.

Amelcorn (n.) A variety of wheat from which starch is produced; -- called also French rice.

Amelioration (n.) The act of ameliorating, or the state of being ameliorated; making or becoming better; improvement; melioration.

Ameliorator (n.) One who ameliorates.

Amenability (n.) The quality of being amenable; amenableness.

Amenableness (n.) The quality or state of being amenable; liability to answer charges; answerableness.

Amenance (n.) Behavior; bearing.

Amende (n.) A pecuniary punishment or fine; a reparation or recantation.

Amender (n.) One who amends.

Amendment (n.) An alteration or change for the better; correction of a fault or of faults; reformation of life by quitting vices.

Amendment (n.) In public bodies; Any alternation made or proposed to be made in a bill or motion by adding, changing, substituting, or omitting.

Amendment (n.) Correction of an error in a writ or process.

Amenity (n.) The quality of being pleasant or agreeable, whether in respect to situation, climate, manners, or disposition; pleasantness; civility; suavity; gentleness.

Amenorrhoea (n.) Retention or suppression of the menstrual discharge.

Ament (n.) A species of inflorescence; a catkin.

Amentia (n.) Imbecility; total want of understanding.

Amentum (n.) Same as Ament.

Amercement (n.) The infliction of a penalty at the discretion of the court; also, a mulct or penalty thus imposed. It differs from a fine,in that the latter is, or was originally, a fixed and certain sum prescribed by statue for an offense; but an amercement is arbitrary. Hence, the act or practice of affeering. [See Affeer.]

Amercer (n.) One who amerces.

Amerciament (n.) Same as Amercement.

American (n.) A native of America; -- originally applied to the aboriginal inhabitants, but now applied to the descendants of Europeans born in America, and especially to the citizens of the United States.

Americanism (n.) Attachment to the United States.

Americanism (n.) A custom peculiar to the United States or to America; an American characteristic or idea.

Americanism (n.) A word or phrase peculiar to the United States.

Americanization (n.) The process of Americanizing.

Ames-ace (n.) Same as Ambs-ace.

Amess (n.) Amice, a hood or cape. See 2d Amice.

Amethodist (n.) One without method; a quack.

Ametropia (n.) Any abnormal condition of the refracting powers of the eye.

Amharic (n.) The Amharic language (now the chief language of Abyssinia).

Amia (n.) A genus of fresh-water ganoid fishes, exclusively confined to North America; called bowfin in Lake Champlain, dogfish in Lake Erie, and mudfish in South Carolina, etc. See Bowfin.

Amiability (n.) The quality of being amiable; amiableness; sweetness of disposition.

Amiableness (n.) The quality of being amiable; amiability.

Amianth (n.) See Amianthus.

Amianthus (n.) Earth flax, or mountain flax; a soft silky variety of asbestus.

Amicability (n.) The quality of being amicable; friend

Amicableness (n.) The quality of being amicable; amicability.

Amice (n.) A square of white

Amice (n.) A hood, or cape with a hood, made of

Amide (n.) A compound formed by the union of amidogen with an acid element or radical. It may also be regarded as ammonia in which one or more hydrogen atoms have been replaced by an acid atom or radical.

Amidin (n.) Start modified by heat so as to become a transparent mass, like horn. It is soluble in cold water.

Amidogen (n.) A compound radical, NH2, not yet obtained in a separate state, which may be regarded as ammonia from the molecule of which one of its hydrogen atoms has been removed; -- called also the amido group, and in composition represented by the form amido.

Amine (n.) One of a class of strongly basic substances derived from ammonia by replacement of one or more hydrogen atoms by a basic atom or radical.

Amioid (n.) One of the Amioidei.

Amir (n.) Same as Ameer.

Amiss (n.) A fault, wrong, or mistake.

Amission (n.) Deprivation; loss.

Amity (n.) Friendship, in a general sense, between individuals, societies, or nations; friendly relations; good understanding; as, a treaty of amity and commerce; the amity of the Whigs and Tories.

Amma (n.) An abbes or spiritual mother.

Ammeter (n.) A contraction of amperometer or amperemeter.

Ammiral (n.) An obsolete form of admiral.

Ammite (n.) Oolite or roestone; -- written also hammite.

Ammodyte (n.) One of a genus of fishes; the sand eel.

Ammodyte (n.) A kind of viper in southern Europe.

Ammonia (n.) A gaseous compound of hydrogen and nitrogen, NH3, with a pungent smell and taste: -- often called volatile alkali, and spirits of hartshorn.

Ammoniac (n.) Alt. of Gum ammoniac

Gum ammoniac (n.) The concrete juice (gum resin) of an umbelliferous plant, the Dorema ammoniacum. It is brought chiefly from Persia in the form of yellowish tears, which occur singly, or are aggregated into masses. It has a peculiar smell, and a nauseous, sweet taste, followed by a bitter one. It is inflammable, partially soluble in water and in spirit of wine, and is used in medicine as an expectorant and resolvent, and for the formation of certain plasters.

Ammonite (n.) A fossil cephalopod shell related to the nautilus. There are many genera and species, and all are extinct, the typical forms having existed only in the Mesozoic age, when they were exceedingly numerous. They differ from the nautili in having the margins of the septa very much lobed or plaited, and the siphuncle dorsal. Also called serpent stone, snake stone, and cornu Ammonis.

Ammonium (n.) A compound radical, NH4, having the chemical relations of a strongly basic element like the alkali metals.

Ammunition (n.) Military stores, or provisions of all kinds for attack or defense.

Ammunition (n.) Articles used in charging firearms and ordnance of all kinds; as powder, balls, shot, shells, percussion caps, rockets, etc.

Ammunition (n.) Any stock of missiles, literal or figurative.

Amnesia (n.) Forgetfulness; also, a defect of speech, from cerebral disease, in which the patient substitutes wrong words or names in the place of those he wishes to employ.

Amnicolist (n.) One who lives near a river.

Amnion (n.) A thin membrane surrounding the embryos of mammals, birds, and reptiles.

Amnios (n.) Same as Amnion.

Amoeba (n.) A rhizopod. common in fresh water, capable of undergoing many changes of form at will. See Rhizopoda.

Amoebaeum (n.) A poem in which persons are represented at speaking alternately; as the third and seventh eclogues of Virgil.

Amoebian (n.) One of the Amoebea.

Amolition (n.) Removal; a putting away.

Amomum (n.) A genus of aromatic plants. It includes species which bear cardamoms, and grains of paradise.

Amontillado (n.) A dry kind of cherry, of a light color.

Amoret (n.) An amorous girl or woman; a wanton.

Amoret (n.) A love knot, love token, or love song. (pl.) Love glances or love tricks.

Amoret (n.) A petty love affair or amour.

Amorette (n.) An amoret.

Amorist (n.) A lover; a gallant.

Amorosa (n.) A wanton woman; a courtesan.

Amorosity (n.) The quality of being amorous; lovingness.

Amoroso (n.) A lover; a man enamored.

Amorousness (n.) The quality of being amorous, or inc

Amorpha (n.) A genus of leguminous shrubs, having long clusters of purple flowers; false or bastard indigo.

Amorphism (n.) A state of being amorphous; esp. a state of being without crystallization even in the minutest particles, as in glass, opal, etc.

Amorphy (n.) Shapelessness.

Amortise (n.) Alt. of Amortisement

Amortisation (n.) Alt. of Amortisement

Amortisable (n.) Alt. of Amortisement

Amortisement (n.) Same as Amortize, Amortization, etc.

Amortization (n.) The act or right of alienating lands to a corporation, which was considered formerly as transferring them to dead hands, or in mortmain.

Amortization (n.) The extinction of a debt, usually by means of a sinking fund; also, the money thus paid.

Amortizement (n.) Same as Amortization.

Amotion (n.) Removal; ousting; especially, the removal of a corporate officer from his office.

Amotion (n.) Deprivation of possession.

Amount (n.) To go up; to ascend.

Amount (n.) To rise or reach by an accumulation of particular sums or quantities; to come (to) in the aggregate or whole; -- with to or unto.

Amount (n.) To rise, reach, or extend in effect, substance, or influence; to be equivalent; to come practically (to); as, the testimony amounts to very little.

Amount (n.) The sum total of two or more sums or quantities; the aggregate; the whole quantity; a totality; as, the amount of 7 and 9 is 16; the amount of a bill; the amount of this year's revenue.

Amount (n.) The effect, substance, value, significance, or result; the sum; as, the amount of the testimony is this.

Amour (n.) Love; affection.

Amour (n.) Love making; a love affair; usually, an unlawful connection in love; a love intrigue; an illicit love affair.

Amovability (n.) Liability to be removed or dismissed from office.

Ampelite (n.) An earth abounding in pyrites, used by the ancients to kill insects, etc., on vines; -- applied by Brongniart to a carbonaceous alum schist.

Ampere (n.) Alt. of Ampere

Ampere (n.) The unit of electric current; -- defined by the International Electrical Congress in 1893 and by U. S. Statute as, one tenth of the unit of current of the C. G. S. system of electro-magnetic units, or the practical equivalent of the unvarying current which, when passed through a standard solution of nitrate of silver in water, deposits silver at the rate of 0.001118 grams per second. Called also the international ampere.

Amperemeter (n.) Alt. of Amperometer

Amperometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the strength of an electrical current in amperes.

Ampersand (n.) A word used to describe the character /, /, or &.

Amphiarthrosis (n.) A form of articulation in which the bones are connected by intervening substance admitting slight motion; symphysis.

Amphiaster (n.) The achromatic figure, formed in mitotic cell-division, consisting of two asters connected by a spindle-shaped bundle of rodlike fibers diverging from each aster, and called the spindle.

Amphibian (n.) One of the Amphibia.

Amphibiology (n.) A treatise on amphibious animals; the department of natural history which treats of the Amphibia.

Amphibium (n.) An amphibian.

Amphibole (n.) A common mineral embracing many varieties varying in color and in composition. It occurs in monoclinic crystals; also massive, generally with fibrous or columnar structure. The color varies from white to gray, green, brown, and black. It is a silicate of magnesium and calcium, with usually aluminium and iron. Some common varieties are tremolite, actinolite, asbestus, edenite, hornblende (the last name being also used as a general term for the whole species). Amphibole is a co>

Amphibology (n.) A phrase, discourse, or proposition, susceptible of two interpretations; and hence, of uncertain meaning. It differs from equivocation, which arises from the twofold sense of a single term.

Amphiboly (n.) Ambiguous discourse; amphibology.

Amphibrach (n.) A foot of three syllables, the middle one long, the first and last short (~ -- ~); as, h/b/r/. In modern prosody the accented syllable takes the place of the long and the unaccented of the short; as, pro-phet#ic.

Amphicome (n.) A kind of figured stone, rugged and beset with eminences, anciently used in divination.

Amphictyony (n.) A league of states of ancient Greece; esp. the celebrated confederation known as the Amphictyonic Council. Its object was to maintain the common interests of Greece.

Amphid (n.) A salt of the class formed by the combination of an acid and a base, or by the union of two oxides, two sulphides, selenides, or tellurides, as distinguished from a haloid compound.

Amphidisc (n.) A peculiar small siliceous spicule having a denticulated wheel at each end; -- found in freshwater sponges.

Amphigen (n.) An element that in combination produces amphid salt; -- applied by Berzelius to oxygen, sulphur, selenium, and tellurium.

Amphigene (n.) Leucite.

Amphigenesis (n.) Sexual generation; amphigony.

Amphigony (n.) Sexual propagation.

Amphigory (n.) A nonsense verse; a rigmarole, with apparent meaning, which on further attention proves to be meaningless.

Amphilogism (n.) Alt. of Amphilogy

Amphilogy (n.) Ambiguity of speech; equivocation.

Amphimacer (n.) A foot of three syllables, the middle one short and the others long, as in cast/tas.

Amphioxus (n.) A fishlike creature (Amphioxus lanceolatus), two or three inches long, found in temperature seas; -- also called the lancelet. Its body is pointed at both ends. It is the lowest and most generalized of the vertebrates, having neither brain, skull, vertebrae, nor red blood. It forms the type of the group Acrania, Leptocardia, etc.

Amphipneust (n.) One of a tribe of Amphibia, which have both lungs and gills at the same time, as the proteus and siren.

Amphipod (n.) One of the Amphipoda.

Amphiprostyle (n.) An amphiprostyle temple or edifice.

Amphisbaena (n.) A fabled serpent with a head at each end, moving either way.

Amphisbaena (n.) A genus of harmless lizards, serpentlike in form, without legs, and with both ends so much alike that they appear to have a head at each, and ability to move either way. See Illustration in Appendix.

Amphitheater (n.) Alt. of Amphitheatre

Amphitheatre (n.) An oval or circular building with rising tiers of seats about an open space called the arena.

Amphitheatre (n.) Anything resembling an amphitheater in form; as, a level surrounded by rising slopes or hills, or a rising gallery in a theater.

Amphitrocha (n.) A kind of annelid larva having both a dorsal and a ventral circle of special cilia.

Amphiuma (n.) A genus of amphibians, inhabiting the Southern United States, having a serpentlike form, but with four minute limbs and two persistent gill openings; the Congo snake.

Amphopeptone (n.) A product of gastric digestion, a mixture of hemipeptone and antipeptone.

Amphora (n.) Among the ancients, a two-handled vessel, tapering at the bottom, used for holding wine, oil, etc.

Ampleness (n.) The state or quality of being ample; largeness; fullness; completeness.

Amplexation (n.) An embrace.

Ampliation (n.) Enlargement; amplification.

Ampliation (n.) A postponement of the decision of a cause, for further consideration or re-argument.

Amplification (n.) The act of amplifying or enlarging in dimensions; enlargement; extension.

Amplification (n.) The enlarging of a simple statement by particularity of description, the use of epithets, etc., for rhetorical effect; diffuse narrative or description, or a dilating upon all the particulars of a subject.

Amplification (n.) The matter by which a statement is amplified; as, the subject was presented without amplifications.

Amplifier (n.) One who or that which amplifies.

Amplitude (n.) State of being ample; extent of surface or space; largeness of dimensions; size.

Amplitude (n.) Largeness, in a figurative sense; breadth; abundance; fullness.

Amplitude (n.) Of extent of capacity or intellectual powers.

Amplitude (n.) Of extent of means or resources.

Amplitude (n.) The arc of the horizon between the true east or west point and the center of the sun, or a star, at its rising or setting. At the rising, the amplitude is eastern or ortive: at the setting, it is western, occiduous, or occasive. It is also northern or southern, when north or south of the equator.

Amplitude (n.) The arc of the horizon between the true east or west point and the foot of the vertical circle passing through any star or object.

Amplitude (n.) The horizontal

Amplitude (n.) The extent of a movement measured from the starting point or position of equilibrium; -- applied especially to vibratory movements.

Amplitude (n.) An angle upon which the value of some function depends; -- a term used more especially in connection with elliptic functions.

Ampul (n.) Same as Ampulla, 2.

Ampulla (n.) A narrow-necked vessel having two handles and bellying out like a jug.

Ampulla (n.) A cruet for the wine and water at Mass.

Ampulla (n.) The vase in which the holy oil for chrism, unction, or coronation is kept.

Ampulla (n.) Any membranous bag shaped like a leathern bottle, as the dilated end of a vessel or duct; especially the dilations of the semicircular canals of the ear.

Amputation (n.) The act of amputating; esp. the operation of cutting off a limb or projecting part of the body.

Amputator (n.) One who amputates.

Ampyx (n.) A woman's headband (sometimes of metal), for binding the front hair.

Amrita (n.) Immortality; also, the nectar conferring immortality.

Amsel (n.) Alt. of Amzel

Amzel (n.) The European ring ousel (Turdus torquatus).

Amulet (n.) An ornament, gem, or scroll, or a package containing a relic, etc., worn as a charm or preservative against evils or mischief, such as diseases and witchcraft, and generally inscribed with mystic forms or characters. [Also used figuratively.]

Amusement (n.) Deep thought; muse.

Amusement (n.) The state of being amused; pleasurable excitement; that which amuses; diversion.

Amuser (n.) One who amuses.

Amusette (n.) A light field cannon, or stocked gun mounted on a swivel.

Amy (n.) A friend.

Amygdalate (n.) An emulsion made of almonds; milk of almonds.

Amygdalate (n.) A salt amygdalic acid.

Amygdalin (n.) A glucoside extracted from bitter almonds as a white, crystal

Amygdaloid (n.) A variety of trap or basaltic rock, containing small cavities, occupied, wholly or in part, by nodules or geodes of different minerals, esp. agates, quartz, calcite, and the zeolites. When the imbedded minerals are detached or removed by decomposition, it is porous, like lava.

Amyl (n.) A hydrocarbon radical, C5H11, of the paraffine series found in amyl alcohol or fusel oil, etc.

Amylate (n.) A compound of the radical amyl with oxygen and a positive atom or radical.

Amylene (n.) One of a group of metameric hydrocarbons, C5H10, of the ethylene series. The colorless, volatile, mobile liquid commonly called amylene is a mixture of different members of the group.

Amylobacter (n.) A microorganism (Bacillus amylobacter) which develops in vegetable tissue during putrefaction.

Amyloid (n.) A non-nitrogenous starchy food; a starchlike substance.

Amyloid (n.) The substance deposited in the organs in amyloid degeneration.

Amylose (n.) One of the starch group (C6H10O5)n of the carbohydrates; as, starch, arabin, dextrin, cellulose, etc.

Amyss (n.) Same as Amice, a hood or cape.

Anabaptism (n.) The doctrine of the Anabaptists.

Anabaptist (n.) A name sometimes applied to a member of any sect holding that rebaptism is necessary for those baptized in infancy.

Anabaptistry (n.) The doctrine, system, or practice, of Anabaptists.

Anabas (n.) A genus of fishes, remarkable for their power of living long out of water, and of making their way on land for considerable distances, and for climbing trees; the climbing fishes.

Anabasis (n.) A journey or expedition up from the coast, like that of the younger Cyrus into Central Asia, described by Xenophon in his work called "The Anabasis."

Anabasis (n.) The first period, or increase, of a disease; augmentation.

Anabolism (n.) The constructive metabolism of the body, as distinguished from katabolism.

Anacamptics (n.) The science of reflected light, now called catoptrics.

Anacamptics (n.) The science of reflected sounds.

Anacardium (n.) A genus of plants including the cashew tree. See Cashew.

Anacathartic (n.) An anacathartic medicine; an expectorant or an emetic.

Anacharis (n.) A fresh-water weed of the frog's-bit family (Hydrocharidaceae), native to America. Transferred to England it became an obstruction to navigation. Called also waterweed and water thyme.

Anachorism (n.) An error in regard to the place of an event or a thing; a referring something to a wrong place.

Anachronism (n.) A misplacing or error in the order of time; an error in chronology by which events are misplaced in regard to each other, esp. one by which an event is placed too early; falsification of chronological relation.

Anaclastics (n.) That part of optics which treats of the refraction of light; -- commonly called dioptrics.

Anacoenosis (n.) A figure by which a speaker appeals to his hearers or opponents for their opinion on the point in debate.

Anacoluthon (n.) A want of grammatical sequence or coherence in a sentence; an instance of a change of construction in a sentence so that the latter part does not syntactically correspond with the first part.

Anaconda (n.) A large South American snake of the Boa family (Eunectes murinus), which lives near rivers, and preys on birds and small mammals. The name is also applied to a similar large serpent (Python tigris) of Ceylon.

Anacreontic (n.) A poem after the manner of Anacreon; a sprightly little poem in praise of love and wine.

Anacrotism (n.) A secondary notch in the pulse curve, obtained in a sphygmographic tracing.

Anacrusis (n.) A prefix of one or two unaccented syllables to a verse properly beginning with an accented syllable.

Anadem (n.) A garland or fillet; a chaplet or wreath.

Anadiplosis (n.) A repetition of the last word or any prominent word in a sentence or clause, at the beginning of the next, with an adjunct idea; as, "He retained his virtues amidst all his misfortunes -- misfortunes which no prudence could foresee or prevent."

Anadrom (n.) A fish that leaves the sea and ascends rivers.

Anaesthesia (n.) Entire or partial loss or absence of feeling or sensation; a state of general or local insensibility produced by disease or by the inhalation or application of an anaesthetic.

Anaesthesis (n.) See Anaesthesia.

Anaesthetic (n.) That which produces insensibility to pain, as chloroform, ether, etc.

Anaesthetization (n.) The process of anaesthetizing; also, the condition of the nervous system induced by anaesthetics.

Anaglyph (n.) Any sculptured, chased, or embossed ornament worked in low relief, as a cameo.

Anaglyphic (n.) Work chased or embossed relief.

Anaglyptics (n.) The art of carving in low relief, embossing, etc.

Anaglyptograph (n.) An instrument by which a correct engraving of any embossed object, such as a medal or cameo, can be executed.

Anaglyptography (n.) The art of copying works in relief, or of engraving as to give the subject an embossed or raised appearance; -- used in representing coins, bas-reliefs, etc.

Anagnorisis (n.) The unfolding or denouement.

Anagoge (n.) An elevation of mind to things celestial.

Anagoge (n.) The spiritual meaning or application; esp. the application of the types and allegories of the Old Testament to subjects of the New.

Anagogy (n.) Same as Anagoge.

Anagram (n.) Literally, the letters of a word read backwards, but in its usual wider sense, the change or one word or phrase into another by the transposition of its letters. Thus Galenus becomes angelus; William Noy (attorney-general to Charles I., and a laborious man) may be turned into I moyl in law.

Anagrammatism (n.) The act or practice of making anagrams.

Anagrammatist (n.) A maker anagrams.

Anagraph (n.) An inventory; a record.

Analcime (n.) A white or flesh-red mineral, of the zeolite family, occurring in isometric crystals. By friction, it acquires a weak electricity; hence its name.

Analcite (n.) Analcime.

Analemma (n.) An orthographic projection of the sphere on the plane of the meridian, the eye being supposed at an infinite distance, and in the east or west point of the horizon.

Analemma (n.) An instrument of wood or brass, on which this projection of the sphere is made, having a movable horizon or cursor; -- formerly much used in solving some common astronomical problems.

Analemma (n.) A scale of the sun's declination for each day of the year, drawn across the torrid zone on an artificial terrestrial globe.

Analeptic (n.) A restorative.

Analgesia (n.) Absence of sensibility to pain.

Analogicalness (n.) Quality of being analogical.

Analogism (n.) an argument from the cause to the effect; an a priori argument.

Analogism (n.) Investigation of things by the analogy they bear to each other.

Analogist (n.) One who reasons from analogy, or represent, by analogy.

Analogon (n.) Analogue.

Analogue (n.) That which is analogous to, or corresponds with, some other thing.

Analogue (n.) A word in one language corresponding with one in another; an analogous term; as, the Latin "pater" is the analogue of the English "father."

Analogue (n.) An organ which is equivalent in its functions to a different organ in another species or group, or even in the same group; as, the gill of a fish is the analogue of a lung in a quadruped, although the two are not of like structural relations.

Analogue (n.) A species in one genus or group having its characters parallel, one by one, with those of another group.

Analogue (n.) A species or genus in one country closely related to a species of the same genus, or a genus of the same group, in another: such species are often called representative species, and such genera, representative genera.

Analogy (n.) A resemblance of relations; an agreement or likeness between things in some circumstances or effects, when the things are otherwise entirely different. Thus, learning enlightens the mind, because it is to the mind what light is to the eye, enabling it to discover things before hidden.

Analogy (n.) A relation or correspondence in function, between organs or parts which are decidedly different.

Analogy (n.) Proportion; equality of ratios.

Analogy (n.) Conformity of words to the genius, structure, or general rules of a language; similarity of origin, inflection, or principle of pronunciation, and the like, as opposed to anomaly.

Analyse (n.) Alt. of Analyser

Analyser (n.) Same as Analyze, Analyzer, etc.

Analysis (n.) A resolution of anything, whether an object of the senses or of the intellect, into its constituent or original elements; an examination of the component parts of a subject, each separately, as the words which compose a sentence, the tones of a tune, or the simple propositions which enter into an argument. It is opposed to synthesis.

Analysis (n.) The separation of a compound substance, by chemical processes, into its constituents, with a view to ascertain either (a) what elements it contains, or (b) how much of each element is present. The former is called qualitative, and the latter quantitative analysis.

Analysis (n.) The tracing of things to their source, and the resolving of knowledge into its original principles.

Analysis (n.) The resolving of problems by reducing the conditions that are in them to equations.

Analysis (n.) A syllabus, or table of the principal heads of a discourse, disposed in their natural order.

Analysis (n.) A brief, methodical illustration of the principles of a science. In this sense it is nearly synonymous with synopsis.

Analysis (n.) The process of ascertaining the name of a species, or its place in a system of classification, by means of an analytical table or key.

Analyst (n.) One who analyzes; formerly, one skilled in algebraical geometry; now commonly, one skilled in chemical analysis.

Analytics (n.) The science of analysis.

Analyzation (n.) The act of analyzing, or separating into constituent parts; analysis.

Analyzer (n.) One who, or that which, analyzes.

Analyzer (n.) The part of a polariscope which receives the light after polarization, and exhibits its properties.

Anamese (n.) A native of Anam.

Anamnesis (n.) A recalling to mind; recollection.

Anamorphism (n.) A distorted image.

Anamorphism (n.) A gradual progression from one type to another, generally ascending.

Anamorphosis (n.) A distorted or monstrous projection or representation of an image on a plane or curved surface, which, when viewed from a certain point, or as reflected from a curved mirror or through a polyhedron, appears regular and in proportion; a deformation of an image.

Anamorphosis (n.) Same as Anamorphism, 2.

Anamorphosis (n.) A morbid or monstrous development, or change of form, or degeneration.

Anamorphosy (n.) Same as Anamorphosis.

Ananas (n.) The pineapple (Ananassa sativa).

Anapest (n.) A metrical foot consisting of three syllables, the first two short, or unaccented, the last long, or accented (/ / -); the reverse of the dactyl. In Latin d/-/-tas, and in English in-ter-vene#, are examples of anapests.

Anapest (n.) A verse composed of such feet.

Anapestic (n.) Anapestic measure or verse.

Anaphora (n.) A repetition of a word or of words at the beginning of two or more successive clauses.

Anaphrodisia (n.) Absence of sexual appetite.

Anaplasty (n.) The art of operation of restoring lost parts or the normal shape by the use of healthy tissue.

Anaplerotic (n.) A remedy which promotes such granulation.

Anapnograph (n.) A form of spirometer.

Anapophysis (n.) An accessory process in many lumbar vertebrae.

Anaptychus (n.) One of a pair of shelly plates found in some cephalopods, as the ammonites.

Anarch (n.) The author of anarchy; one who excites revolt.

Anarchism (n.) The doctrine or practice of anarchists.

Anarchist (n.) An anarch; one who advocates anarchy of aims at the overthrow of civil government.

Anarchy (n.) Absence of government; the state of society where there is no law or supreme power; a state of lawlessness; political confusion.

Anarchy (n.) Hence, confusion or disorder, in general.

Anas (n.) A genus of water fowls, of the order Anseres, including certain species of fresh-water ducks.

Anasarca (n.) Dropsy of the subcutaneous cellular tissue; an effusion of serum into the cellular substance, occasioning a soft, pale, inelastic swelling of the skin.

Anastate (n.) One of a series of substances formed, in secreting cells, by constructive or anabolic processes, in the production of protoplasm; -- opposed to katastate.

Anastomosis (n.) The inosculation of vessels, or intercommunication between two or more vessels or nerves, as the cross communication between arteries or veins.

Anastrophe (n.) An inversion of the natural order of words; as, echoed the hills, for, the hills echoed.

Anathema (n.) A ban or curse pronounced with religious solemnity by ecclesiastical authority, and accompanied by excommunication. Hence: Denunciation of anything as accursed.

Anathema (n.) An imprecation; a curse; a malediction.

Anathema (n.) Any person or thing anathematized, or cursed by ecclesiastical authority.

Anathematism (n.) Anathematization.

Anathematization (n.) The act of anathematizing, or denouncing as accursed; imprecation.

Anathematizer (n.) One who pronounces an anathema.

Anatifa (n.) An animal of the barnacle tribe, of the genus Lepas, having a fleshy stem or peduncle; a goose barnacle. See Cirripedia.

Anatifer (n.) Same as Anatifa.

Anatocism (n.) Compound interest.

Anatomism (n.) The application of the principles of anatomy, as in art.

Anatomism (n.) The doctrine that the anatomical structure explains all the phenomena of the organism or of animal life.

Anatomist (n.) One who is skilled in the art of anatomy, or dissection.

Anatomization (n.) The act of anatomizing.

Anatomizer (n.) A dissector.

Anatomy (n.) The art of dissecting, or artificially separating the different parts of any organized body, to discover their situation, structure, and economy; dissection.

Anatomy (n.) The science which treats of the structure of organic bodies; anatomical structure or organization.

Anatomy (n.) A treatise or book on anatomy.

Anatomy (n.) The act of dividing anything, corporeal or intellectual, for the purpose of examining its parts; analysis; as, the anatomy of a discourse.

Anatomy (n.) A skeleton; anything anatomized or dissected, or which has the appearance of being so.

Anatron (n.) Native carbonate of soda; natron.

Anatron (n.) Glass gall or sandiver.

Anatron (n.) Saltpeter.

Anatto (n.) Same as Annotto.

Anbury (n.) Alt. of Ambury

Ambury (n.) A soft tumor or bloody wart on horses or oxen.

Ambury (n.) A disease of the roots of turnips, etc.; -- called also fingers and toes.

Ancestor (n.) One from whom a person is descended, whether on the father's or mother's side, at any distance of time; a progenitor; a fore father.

Ancestor (n.) An earlier type; a progenitor; as, this fossil animal is regarded as the ancestor of the horse.

Ancestor (n.) One from whom an estate has descended; -- the correlative of heir.

Ancestress (n.) A female ancestor.

Ancestry (n.) Condition as to ancestors; ancestral

Ancestry (n.) A series of ancestors or progenitors;

Anchor (n.) A iron instrument which is attached to a ship by a cable (rope or chain), and which, being cast overboard, lays hold of the earth by a fluke or hook and thus retains the ship in a particular station.

Anchor (n.) Any instrument or contrivance serving a purpose like that of a ship's anchor, as an arrangement of timber to hold a dam fast; a contrivance to hold the end of a bridge cable, or other similar part; a contrivance used by founders to hold the core of a mold in place.

Anchor (n.) Fig.: That which gives stability or security; that on which we place dependence for safety.

Anchor (n.) An emblem of hope.

Anchor (n.) A metal tie holding adjoining parts of a building together.

Anchor (n.) Carved work, somewhat resembling an anchor or arrowhead; -- a part of the ornaments of certain moldings. It is seen in the echinus, or egg-and-anchor (called also egg-and-dart, egg-and-tongue) ornament.

Anchor (n.) One of the anchor-shaped spicules of certain sponges; also, one of the calcareous spinules of certain Holothurians, as in species of Synapta.

Anchor (n.) An anchoret.

Anchorage (n.) The act of anchoring, or the condition of lying at anchor.

Anchorage (n.) A place suitable for anchoring or where ships anchor; a hold for an anchor.

Anchorage (n.) The set of anchors belonging to a ship.

Anchorage (n.) Something which holds like an anchor; a hold; as, the anchorages of the Brooklyn Bridge.

Anchorage (n.) Something on which one may depend for security; ground of trust.

Anchorage (n.) A toll for anchoring; anchorage duties.

Anchorage (n.) Abode of an anchoret.

Anchoress (n.) A female anchoret.

Anchoret (n.) Alt. of Anchorite

Anchorite (n.) One who renounces the world and secludes himself, usually for religious reasons; a hermit; a recluse.

Anchoretism (n.) The practice or mode of life of an anchoret.

Anchor-hold (n.) The hold or grip of an anchor, or that to which it holds.

Anchor-hold (n.) Hence: Firm hold: security.

Anchorite (n.) Same as Anchoret.

Anchoritess (n.) An anchoress.

Anchovy (n.) A small fish, about three inches in length, of the Herring family (Engraulis encrasicholus), caught in vast numbers in the Mediterranean, and pickled for exportation. The name is also applied to several allied species.

Anchusin (n.) A resinoid coloring matter obtained from alkanet root.

Anchylosis (n.) Alt. of Ankylosis

Ankylosis (n.) Stiffness or fixation of a joint; formation of a stiff joint.

Ankylosis (n.) The union of two or more separate bones to from a single bone; the close union of bones or other structures in various animals.

Ancient (n.) Those who lived in former ages, as opposed to the moderns.

Ancient (n.) An aged man; a patriarch. Hence: A governor; a ruler; a person of influence.

Ancient (n.) A senior; an elder; a predecessor.

Ancient (n.) One of the senior members of the Inns of Court or of Chancery.

Ancient (n.) An ensign or flag.

Ancient (n.) The bearer of a flag; an ensign.

Ancientness (n.) The quality of being ancient; antiquity; existence from old times.

Ancientry (n.) Antiquity; what is ancient.

Ancientry (n.) Old age; also, old people.

Ancientry (n.) Ancient

Ancienty (n.) Age; antiquity.

Ancienty (n.) Seniority.

Ancile (n.) The sacred shield of the Romans, said to have-fallen from heaven in the reign of Numa. It was the palladium of Rome.

Ancille (n.) A maidservant; a handmaid.

Ancle (n.) See Ankle.

Ancome (n.) A small ulcerous swelling, coming suddenly; also, a whitlow.

Ancon (n.) The olecranon, or the elbow.

Ancon (n.) Alt. of Ancone

Ancone (n.) The corner or quoin of a wall, cross-beam, or rafter.

Ancone (n.) A bracket supporting a cornice; a console.

Anconeus (n.) A muscle of the elbow and forearm.

Ancony (n.) A piece of malleable iron, wrought into the shape of a bar in the middle, but unwrought at the ends.

Andabatism (n.) Doubt; uncertainty.

Andalusite (n.) A silicate of aluminium, occurring usually in thick rhombic prisms, nearly square, of a grayish or pale reddish tint. It was first discovered in Andalusia, Spain.

Andante (n.) A movement or piece in andante time.

Andarac (n.) Red orpiment.

Andesine (n.) A kind of triclinic feldspar found in the Andes.

Andesite (n.) An eruptive rock allied to trachyte, consisting essentially of a triclinic feldspar, with pyroxene, hornblende, or hypersthene.

Andiron (n.) A utensil for supporting wood when burning in a fireplace, one being placed on each side; a firedog; as, a pair of andirons.

Andranatomy (n.) The dissection of a human body, especially of a male; androtomy.

Androecium (n.) The stamens of a flower taken collectively.

Androgyne (n.) An hermaphrodite.

Androgyne (n.) An androgynous plant.

Androgyny (n.) Alt. of Androgynism

Androgynism (n.) Union of both sexes in one individual; hermaphroditism.

Android (n.) Alt. of Androides

Androides (n.) A machine or automaton in the form of a human being.

Andromeda (n.) A northern constellation, supposed to represent the mythical Andromeda.

Andromeda (n.) A genus of ericaceous flowering plants of northern climates, of which the original species was found growing on a rock surrounded by water.

Andron (n.) The apartment appropriated for the males. This was in the lower part of the house.

Androphore (n.) A support or column on which stamens are raised.

Androphore (n.) The part which in some Siphonophora bears the male gonophores.

Androsphinx (n.) A man sphinx; a sphinx having the head of a man and the body of a lion.

Androspore (n.) A spore of some algae, which has male functions.

Androtomy (n.) Dissection of the human body, as distinguished from zootomy; anthropotomy.

Anecdotage (n.) Anecdotes collectively; a collection of anecdotes.

Anecdote (n.) Unpublished narratives.

Anecdote (n.) A particular or detached incident or fact of an interesting nature; a biographical incident or fragment; a single passage of private life.

Anecdotist (n.) One who relates or collects anecdotes.

Anelace (n.) Same as Anlace.

Anelectric (n.) A substance incapable of being electrified by friction.

Anelectrode (n.) The positive pole of a voltaic battery.

Anelectrotonus (n.) The condition of decreased irritability of a nerve in the region of the positive electrode or anode on the passage of a current of electricity through it.

Anemogram (n.) A record made by an anemograph.

Anemograph (n.) An instrument for measuring and recording the direction and force of the wind.

Anemography (n.) A description of the winds.

Anemography (n.) The art of recording the direction and force of the wind, as by means of an anemograph.

Anemology (n.) The science of the wind.

Anemometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the force or velocity of the wind; a wind gauge.

Anemometrograph (n.) An anemograph.

Anemometry (n.) The act or process of ascertaining the force or velocity of the wind.

Anemone (n.) A genus of plants of the Ranunculus or Crowfoot family; windflower. Some of the species are cultivated in gardens.

Anemone (n.) The sea anemone. See Actinia, and Sea anemone.

Anemonin (n.) An acrid, poisonous, crystallizable substance, obtained from some species of anemone.

Anemony (n.) See Anemone.

Anemoscope (n.) An instrument which shows the direction of the wind; a wind vane; a weathercock; -- usually applied to a contrivance consisting of a vane above, connected in the building with a dial or index with pointers to show the changes of the wind.

Aneroid (n.) An aneroid barometer.

Anet (n.) The herb dill, or dillseed.

Anethol (n.) A substance obtained from the volatile oils of anise, fennel, etc., in the form of soft shining scales; -- called also anise camphor.

Aneurism (n.) A soft, pulsating, hollow tumor, containing blood, arising from the preternatural dilation or rupture of the coats of an artery.

Anfractuosity (n.) A state of being anfractuous, or full of windings and turnings; sinuosity.

Anfractuosity (n.) A sinuous depression or sulcus like those separating the convolutions of the brain.

Anfracture (n.) A mazy winding.

Angariation (n.) Exaction of forced service; compulsion.

Angel (n.) A messenger.

Angel (n.) A spiritual, celestial being, superior to man in power and intelligence. In the Scriptures the angels appear as God's messengers.

Angel (n.) One of a class of "fallen angels;" an evil spirit; as, the devil and his angels.

Angel (n.) A minister or pastor of a church, as in the Seven Asiatic churches.

Angel (n.) Attendant spirit; genius; demon.

Angel (n.) An appellation given to a person supposed to be of angelic goodness or love

Angel (n.) An ancient gold coin of England, bearing the figure of the archangel Michael. It varied in value from 6s. 8d. to 10s.

Angelage (n.) Existence or state of angels.

Angelet (n.) A small gold coin formerly current in England; a half angel.

Angelhood (n.) The state of being an angel; angelic nature.

Angelica (n.) An aromatic umbelliferous plant (Archangelica officinalis or Angelica archangelica) the leaf stalks of which are sometimes candied and used in confectionery, and the roots and seeds as an aromatic tonic.

Angelica (n.) The candied leaf stalks of angelica.

Angelicalness (n.) The quality of being angelic; excellence more than human.

Angelolatry (n.) Worship paid to angels.

Angelology (n.) A discourse on angels, or a body of doctrines in regard to angels.

Angelophany (n.) The actual appearance of an angel to man.

Angelot (n.) A French gold coin of the reign of Louis XI., bearing the image of St. Michael; also, a piece coined at Paris by the English under Henry VI.

Angelot (n.) An instrument of music, of the lute kind, now disused.

Angelot (n.) A sort of small, rich cheese, made in Normandy.

Angelus (n.) A form of devotion in which three Ave Marias are repeated. It is said at morning, noon, and evening, at the sound of a bell.

Angelus (n.) The Angelus bell.

Anger (n.) Trouble; vexation; also, physical pain or smart of a sore, etc.

Anger (n.) A strong passion or emotion of displeasure or antagonism, excited by a real or supposed injury or insult to one's self or others, or by the intent to do such injury.

Angevine (n.) A native of Anjou.

Angienchyma (n.) Vascular tissue of plants, consisting of spiral vessels, dotted, barred, and pitted ducts, and laticiferous vessels.

Angina (n.) Any inflammatory affection of the throat or faces, as the quinsy, malignant sore throat, croup, etc., especially such as tends to produce suffocation, choking, or shortness of breath.

Angiography (n.) A description of blood vessels and lymphatics.

Angiology (n.) That part of anatomy which treats of blood vessels and lymphatics.

Angioma (n.) A tumor composed chiefly of dilated blood vessels.

Angioscope (n.) An instrument for examining the capillary vessels of animals and plants.

Angiosperm (n.) A plant which has its seeds inclosed in a pericarp.

Angiotomy (n.) Dissection of the blood vessels and lymphatics of the body.

Angle (n.) The inclosed space near the point where two

Angle (n.) The figure made by. two

Angle (n.) The difference of direction of two

Angle (n.) A projecting or sharp corner; an angular fragment.

Angle (n.) A name given to four of the twelve astrological "houses."

Angle (n.) A fishhook; tackle for catching fish, consisting of a

Anglemeter (n.) An instrument to measure angles, esp. one used by geologists to measure the dip of strata.

Angler (n.) One who angles.

Angler (n.) A fish (Lophius piscatorius), of Europe and America, having a large, broad, and depressed head, with the mouth very large. Peculiar appendages on the head are said to be used to entice fishes within reach. Called also fishing frog, frogfish, toadfish, goosefish, allmouth, monkfish, etc.

Anglesite (n.) A native sulphate of lead. It occurs in white or yellowish transparent, prismatic crystals.

Angleworm (n.) A earthworm of the genus Lumbricus, frequently used by anglers for bait. See Earthworm.

Anglian (n.) One of the Angles.

Anglican (n.) A member of the Church of England.

Anglican (n.) In a restricted sense, a member of the High Church party, or of the more advanced ritualistic section, in the Church of England.

Anglicanism (n.) Strong partiality to the principles and rites of the Church of England.

Anglicanism (n.) The principles of the established church of England; also, in a restricted sense, the doctrines held by the high-church party.

Anglicanism (n.) Attachment to England or English institutions.

Anglicism (n.) An English idiom; a phrase or form language peculiar to the English.

Anglicism (n.) The quality of being English; an English characteristic, custom, or method.

Anglicity (n.) The state or quality of being English.

Anglicization (n.) The act of anglicizing, or making English in character.

Angling (n.) The act of one who angles; the art of fishing with rod and

Anglo-Catholic (n.) A member of the Church of England who contends for its catholic character; more specifically, a High Churchman.

Anglomania (n.) A mania for, or an inordinate attachment to, English customs, institutions, etc.

Anglomaniac (n.) One affected with Anglomania.

Anglophobia (n.) Intense dread of, or aversion to, England or the English.

Anglo-Saxon (n.) A Saxon of Britain, that is, an English Saxon, or one the Saxons who settled in England, as distinguished from a continental (or "Old") Saxon.

Anglo-Saxon (n.) The Teutonic people (Angles, Saxons, Jutes) of England, or the English people, collectively, before the Norman Conquest.

Anglo-Saxon (n.) The language of the English people before the Conquest (sometimes called Old English). See Saxon.

Anglo-Saxon (n.) One of the race or people who claim descent from the Saxons, Angles, or other Teutonic tribes who settled in England; a person of English descent in its broadest sense.

Anglo-Saxondom (n.) The Anglo-Saxon domain (i. e., Great Britain and the United States, etc.); the Anglo-Saxon race.

Anglo-Saxonism (n.) A characteristic of the Anglo-Saxon race; especially, a word or an idiom of the Anglo-Saxon tongue.

Anglo-Saxonism (n.) The quality or sentiment of being Anglo-Saxon, or English in its ethnological sense.

Angola (n.) A fabric made from the wool of the Angora goat.

Angor (n.) Great anxiety accompanied by painful constriction at the upper part of the belly, often with palpitation and oppression.

Angora (n.) A city of Asia Minor (or Anatolia) which has given its name to a goat, a cat, etc.

Angriness (n.) The quality of being angry, or of being inc

Anguish (n.) Extreme pain, either of body or mind; excruciating distress.

Angular (n.) A bone in the base of the lower jaw of many birds, reptiles, and fishes.

Angularity (n.) The quality or state of being angular; angularness.

Angularness (n.) The quality of being angular.

Angulation (n.) A making angular; angular formation.

Angulometer (n.) An instrument for measuring external angles.

Angulosity (n.) A state of being angulous or angular.

Angustation (n.) The act of making narrow; a straitening or contacting.

Angwantibo (n.) A small lemuroid mammal (Arctocebus Calabarensis) of Africa. It has only a rudimentary tail.

Anhelation (n.) Short and rapid breathing; a panting; asthma.

Anhima (n.) A South American aquatic bird; the horned screamer or kamichi (Palamedea cornuta). See Kamichi.

Anhinga (n.) An aquatic bird of the southern United States (Platus anhinga); the darter, or snakebird.

Anhydride (n.) An oxide of a nonmetallic body or an organic radical, capable of forming an acid by uniting with the elements of water; -- so called because it may be formed from an acid by the abstraction of water.

Anhydrite (n.) A mineral of a white or a slightly bluish color, usually massive. It is anhydrous sulphate of lime, and differs from gypsum in not containing water (whence the name).

Ani (n.) Alt. of Ano

Ano (n.) A black bird of tropical America, the West Indies and Florida (Crotophaga ani), allied to the cuckoos, and remarkable for communistic nesting.

Anicut (n.) Alt. of Annicut

Annicut (n.) A dam or mole made in the course of a stream for the purpose of regulating the flow of a system of irrigation.

Anil (n.) A West Indian plant (Indigofera anil), one of the original sources of indigo; also, the indigo dye.

Anileness (n.) Anility.

Anilide (n.) One of a class of compounds which may be regarded as amides in which more or less of the hydrogen has been replaced by phenyl.

Ani

Anility (n.) The state of being and old woman; old-womanishness; dotage.

Animadversal (n.) The faculty of perceiving; a percipient.

Animadversion (n.) The act or power of perceiving or taking notice; direct or simple perception.

Animadversion (n.) Monition; warning.

Animadversion (n.) Remarks by way of criticism and usually of censure; adverse criticism; reproof; blame.

Animadversion (n.) Judicial cognizance of an offense; chastisement; punishment.

Animadverter (n.) One who animadverts; a censurer; also [Obs.], a chastiser.

Animal (n.) An organized living being endowed with sensation and the power of voluntary motion, and also characterized by taking its food into an internal cavity or stomach for digestion; by giving carbonic acid to the air and taking oxygen in the process of respiration; and by increasing in motive power or active aggressive force with progress to maturity.

Animal (n.) One of the lower animals; a brute or beast, as distinguished from man; as, men and animals.

Animalcule (n.) A small animal, as a fly, spider, etc.

Animalcule (n.) An animal, invisible, or nearly so, to the naked eye. See Infusoria.

Animalculism (n.) The theory which seeks to explain certain physiological and pathological phenomena by means of animalcules.

Animalculist (n.) One versed in the knowledge of animalcules.

Animalculist (n.) A believer in the theory of animalculism.

Animalculum (n.) An animalcule.

Animalism (n.) The state, activity, or enjoyment of animals; mere animal life without intellectual or moral qualities; sensuality.

Animality (n.) Animal existence or nature.

Animalization (n.) The act of animalizing; the giving of animal life, or endowing with animal properties.

Animalization (n.) Conversion into animal matter by the process of assimilation.

Animalness (n.) Animality.

Animastic (n.) Psychology.

Animater (n.) One who animates.

Animation (n.) The act of animating, or giving life or spirit; the state of being animate or alive.

Animation (n.) The state of being lively, brisk, or full of spirit and vigor; vivacity; spiritedness; as, he recited the story with great animation.

Animator (n.) One who, or that which, animates; an animater.

Anime (n.) A resin exuding from a tropical American tree (Hymenaea courbaril), and much used by varnish makers.

Animism (n.) The doctrine, taught by Stahl, that the soul is the proper principle of life and development in the body.

Animism (n.) The belief that inanimate objects and the phenomena of nature are endowed with personal life or a living soul; also, in an extended sense, the belief in the existence of soul or spirit apart from matter.

Animist (n.) One who maintains the doctrine of animism.

Animoseness (n.) Vehemence of temper.

Animus (n.) Animating spirit; intention; temper.

Anion (n.) An electro-negative element, or the element which, in electro-chemical decompositions, is evolved at the anode; -- opposed to cation.

Anise (n.) An umbelliferous plant (Pimpinella anisum) growing naturally in Egypt, and cultivated in Spain, Malta, etc., for its carminative and aromatic seeds.

Anise (n.) The fruit or seeds of this plant.

Aniseed (n.) The seed of the anise; also, a cordial prepared from it.

Anisette (n.) A French cordial or liqueur flavored with anise seeds.

Anker (n.) A liquid measure in various countries of Europe. The Dutch anker, formerly also used in England, contained about 10 of the old wine gallons, or 8/ imperial gallons.

Ankerite (n.) A mineral closely related to dolomite, but containing iron.

Ankle (n.) The joint which connects the foot with the leg; the tarsus.

Anklet (n.) An ornament or a fetter for the ankle; an ankle ring.

Ankylosis (n.) Same as Anchylosis.

Anlace (n.) A broad dagger formerly worn at the girdle.

Ann (n.) Alt. of Annat

Annat (n.) A half years's stipend, over and above what is owing for the incumbency, due to a minister's heirs after his decease.

Anna (n.) An East Indian money of account, the sixteenth of a rupee, or about 2/ cents.

Annal (n.) See Annals.

Annalist (n.) A writer of annals.

Annealer (n.) One who, or that which, anneals.

Annealing (n.) The process used to render glass, iron, etc., less brittle, performed by allowing them to cool very gradually from a high heat.

Annealing (n.) The burning of metallic colors into glass, earthenware, etc.

Annelidan (n.) One of the Annelida.

Anneloid (n.) An animal resembling an annelid.

Annex (n.) Something annexed or appended; as, an additional stipulation to a writing, a subsidiary building to a main building; a wing.

Annexationist (n.) One who favors annexation.

Annexer (n.) One who annexes.

Annexion (n.) Annexation.

Annexionist (n.) An annexationist.

Annexment (n.) The act of annexing, or the thing annexed; appendage.

Annihilation (n.) The act of reducing to nothing, or nonexistence; or the act of destroying the form or combination of parts under which a thing exists, so that the name can no longer be applied to it; as, the annihilation of a corporation.

Annihilation (n.) The state of being annihilated.

Annihilationist (n.) One who believes that eternal punishment consists in annihilation or extinction of being; a destructionist.

Annihilator (n.) One who, or that which, annihilates; as, a fire annihilator.

Anniversary (n.) The annual return of the day on which any notable event took place, or is wont to be celebrated; as, the anniversary of the Declaration of Independence.

Anniversary (n.) The day on which Mass is said yearly for the soul of a deceased person; the commemoration of some sacred event, as the dedication of a church or the consecration of a pope.

Anniversary (n.) The celebration which takes place on an anniversary day.

Anniverse (n.) Anniversary.

Annomination (n.) Paronomasia; punning.

Annomination (n.) Alliteration.

Annotate (n.) To explain or criticize by notes; as, to annotate the works of Bacon.

Annotation (n.) A note, added by way of comment, or explanation; -- usually in the plural; as, annotations on ancient authors, or on a word or a passage.

Annotationist (n.) An annotator.

Annotator (n.) A writer of annotations; a commentator.

Annotine (n.) A bird one year old, or that has once molted.

Annotto (n.) Alt. of Arnotto

Arnotto (n.) A red or yellowish-red dyeing material, prepared from the pulp surrounding the seeds of a tree (Bixa orellana) belonging to the tropical regions of America. It is used for coloring cheese, butter, etc.

Announcement (n.) The act of announcing, or giving notice; that which announces; proclamation; publication.

Announcer (n.) One who announces.

Annoy (n.) To disturb or irritate, especially by continued or repeated acts; to tease; to ruffle in mind; to vex; as, I was annoyed by his remarks.

Annoy (n.) To molest, incommode, or harm; as, to annoy an army by impeding its march, or by a cannonade.

Annoy (n.) A feeling of discomfort or vexation caused by what one dislikes; also, whatever causes such a feeling; as, to work annoy.

Annoyance (n.) The act of annoying, or the state of being annoyed; molestation; vexation; annoy.

Annoyance (n.) That which annoys.

Annoyer (n.) One who, or that which, annoys.

Annual (n.) A thing happening or returning yearly; esp. a literary work published once a year.

Annual (n.) Anything, especially a plant, that lasts but one year or season; an annual plant.

Annual (n.) A Mass for a deceased person or for some special object, said daily for a year or on the anniversary day.

Annualist (n.) One who writes for, or who edits, an annual.

Annuary (n.) A yearbook.

Annueler (n.) A priest employed in saying annuals, or anniversary Masses.

Annuitant (n.) One who receives, or its entitled to receive, an annuity.

Annuity (n.) A sum of money, payable yearly, to continue for a given number of years, for life, or forever; an annual allowance.

Annularity (n.) Annular condition or form; as, the annularity of a nebula.

Annulate (n.) One of the Annulata.

Annulation (n.) A circular or ringlike formation; a ring or belt.

Annulet (n.) A little ring.

Annulet (n.) A small, flat fillet, encircling a column, etc., used by itself, or with other moldings. It is used, several times repeated, under the Doric capital.

Annulet (n.) A little circle borne as a charge.

Annulet (n.) A narrow circle of some distinct color on a surface or round an organ.

Annuller (n.) One who annuls.

Annulment (n.) The act of annulling; abolition; invalidation.

Annulosan (n.) One of the Annulosa.

Annulus (n.) A ring; a ringlike part or space.

Annulus (n.) A space contained between the circumferences of two circles, one within the other.

Annulus (n.) The solid formed by a circle revolving around a

Annulus (n.) Ring-shaped structures or markings, found in, or upon, various animals.

Annumeration (n.) Addition to a former number.

Annunciation (n.) The act of announcing; announcement; proclamation; as, the annunciation of peace.

Annunciation (n.) The announcement of the incarnation, made by the angel Gabriel to the Virgin Mary.

Annunciation (n.) The festival celebrated (March 25th) by the Church of England, of Rome, etc., in memory of the angel's announcement, on that day; Lady Day.

Annunciator (n.) One who announces. Specifically: An officer in the church of Constantinople, whose business it was to inform the people of the festivals to be celebrated.

Annunciator (n.) An indicator (as in a hotel) which designates the room where attendance is wanted.

Anoa (n.) A small wild ox of Celebes (Anoa depressicornis), allied to the buffalo, but having long nearly straight horns.

Anode (n.) The positive pole of an electric battery, or more strictly the electrode by which the current enters the electrolyte on its way to the other pole; -- opposed to cathode.

Anodon (n.) A genus of fresh-water bivalves, having no teeth at the hinge.

Anointer (n.) One who anoints.

Anointment (n.) The act of anointing, or state of being anointed; also, an ointment.

Anolis (n.) A genus of lizards which belong to the family Iguanidae. They take the place in the New World of the chameleons in the Old, and in America are often called chameleons.

Anomal (n.) Anything anomalous.

Anomaliped (n.) One of a group of perching birds, having the middle toe more or less united to the outer and inner ones.

Anomalism (n.) An anomaly; a deviation from rule.

Anomalousness (n.) Quality of being anomalous.

Anomaly (n.) Deviation from the common rule; an irregularity; anything anomalous.

Anomaly (n.) The angular distance of a planet from its perihelion, as seen from the sun. This is the true anomaly. The eccentric anomaly is a corresponding angle at the center of the elliptic orbit of the planet. The mean anomaly is what the anomaly would be if the planet's angular motion were uniform.

Anomaly (n.) The angle measuring apparent irregularities in the motion of a planet.

Anomaly (n.) Any deviation from the essential characteristics of a specific type.

Anomia (n.) A genus of bivalve shells, allied to the oyster, so called from their unequal valves, of which the lower is perforated for attachment.

Anomuran (n.) One of the Anomura.

Anomy (n.) Disregard or violation of law.

Anona (n.) A genus of tropical or subtropical plants of the natural order Anonaceae, including the soursop.

Anonym (n.) One who is anonymous; also sometimes used for "pseudonym."

Anonym (n.) A notion which has no name, or which can not be expressed by a single English word.

Anonymity (n.) The quality or state of being anonymous; anonymousness; also, that which anonymous.

Anonymousness (n.) The state or quality of being anonymous.

Anophyte (n.) A moss or mosslike plant which cellular stems, having usually an upward growth and distinct leaves.

Anoplothere (n.) Alt. of Anoplotherium

Anoplotherium (n.) A genus of extinct quadrupeds of the order Ungulata, whose were first found in the gypsum quarries near Paris; characterized by the shortness and feebleness of their canine teeth (whence the name).

Anorexia (n.) Alt. of Anorexy

Anorexy (n.) Want of appetite, without a loathing of food.

Anorthite (n.) A mineral of the feldspar family, commonly occurring in small glassy crystals, also a constituent of some igneous rocks. It is a lime feldspar. See Feldspar.

Anorthoscope (n.) An optical toy for producing amusing figures or pictures by means of two revolving disks, on one of which distorted figures are painted.

Anosmia (n.) Loss of the sense of smell.

Anotta (n.) See Annotto.

Anoura (n.) See Anura.

Ansa (n.) A name given to either of the projecting ends of Saturn's ring.

Answer (n.) To speak in defense against; to reply to in defense; as, to answer a charge; to answer an accusation.

Answer (n.) To speak or write in return to, as in return to a call or question, or to a speech, declaration, argument, or the like; to reply to (a question, remark, etc.); to respond to.

Answer (n.) To respond to satisfactorily; to meet successfully by way of explanation, argument, or justification, and the like; to refute.

Answer (n.) To be or act in return or response to.

Answer (n.) To be or act in compliance with, in fulfillment or satisfaction of, as an order, obligation, demand; as, he answered my claim upon him; the servant answered the bell.

Answer (n.) To render account to or for.

Answer (n.) To atone; to be punished for.

Answer (n.) To be opposite to; to face.

Answer (n.) To be or act an equivalent to, or as adequate or sufficient for; to serve for; to repay.

Answer (n.) To be or act in accommodation, conformity, relation, or proportion to; to correspond to; to suit.

Answer (n.) A reply to a change; a defense.

Answer (n.) Something said or written in reply to a question, a call, an argument, an address, or the like; a reply.

Answer (n.) Something done in return for, or in consequence of, something else; a responsive action.

Answer (n.) A solution, the result of a mathematical operation; as, the answer to a problem.

Answer (n.) A counter-statement of facts in a course of pleadings; a confutation of what the other party has alleged; a responsive declaration by a witness in reply to a question. In Equity, it is the usual form of defense to the complainant's charges in his bill.

Answerableness (n.) The quality of being answerable, liable, responsible, or correspondent.

Answerer (n.) One who answers.

Ant (n.) A hymenopterous insect of the Linnaean genus Formica, which is now made a family of several genera; an emmet; a pismire.

Anta (n.) A species of pier produced by thickening a wall at its termination, treated architecturally as a pilaster, with capital and base.

Antacid (n.) A remedy for acidity of the stomach, as an alkali or absorbent.

Antagonism (n.) Opposition of action; counteraction or contrariety of things or principles.

Antagonist (n.) One who contends with another, especially in combat; an adversary; an opponent.

Antagonist (n.) A muscle which acts in opposition to another; as a flexor, which bends a part, is the antagonist of an extensor, which extends it.

Antagonist (n.) A medicine which opposes the action of another medicine or of a poison when absorbed into the blood or tissues.

Antagony (n.) Contest; opposition; antagonism.

Antalgic (n.) A medicine to alleviate pain; an anodyne.

Antalkali (n.) Alt. of Antalka

Antalka

Antanaclasis (n.) A figure which consists in repeating the same word in a different sense; as, Learn some craft when young, that when old you may live without craft.

Antanaclasis (n.) A repetition of words beginning a sentence, after a long parenthesis; as, Shall that heart (which not only feels them, but which has all motions of life placed in them), shall that heart, etc.

Antanagoge (n.) A figure which consists in answering the charge of an adversary, by a counter charge.

Antaphrodisiac (n.) Anything that quells the venereal appetite.

Antaphroditic (n.) An antaphroditic medicine.

Antapoplectic (n.) A medicine used against apoplexy.

Antarchism (n.) Opposition to government in general.

Antarchist (n.) One who opposes all government.

Antares (n.) The principal star in Scorpio: -- called also the Scorpion's Heart.

Antarthritic (n.) A remedy against gout.

Antasthmatic (n.) A remedy for asthma.

Ant-bear (n.) An edentate animal of tropical America (the Tamanoir), living on ants. It belongs to the genus Myrmecophaga.

Ant-cattle (n.) Various kinds of plant lice or aphids tended by ants for the sake of the honeydew which they secrete. See Aphips.

Ante (n.) Each player's stake, which is put into the pool before (ante) the game begins.

Anteact (n.) A preceding act.

Ant-eater (n.) One of several species of edentates and monotremes that feed upon ants. See Ant-bear, Pangolin, Aard-vark, and Echidna.

Antecedence (n.) The act or state of going before in time; precedence.

Antecedence (n.) An apparent motion of a planet toward the west; retrogradation.

Antecedency (n.) The state or condition of being antecedent; priority.

Antecedent (n.) That which goes before in time; that which precedes.

Antecedent (n.) One who precedes or goes in front.

Antecedent (n.) The earlier events of one's life; previous principles, conduct, course, history.

Antecedent (n.) The noun to which a relative refers; as, in the sentence "Solomon was the prince who built the temple," prince is the antecedent of who.

Antecedent (n.) The first or conditional part of a hypothetical proposition; as, If the earth is fixed, the sun must move.

Antecedent (n.) The first of the two propositions which constitute an enthymeme or contracted syllogism; as, Every man is mortal; therefore the king must die.

Antecedent (n.) The first of the two terms of a ratio; the first or third of the four terms of a proportion. In the ratio a:b, a is the antecedent, and b the consequent.

Antecessor (n.) One who goes before; a predecessor.

Antecessor (n.) An ancestor; a progenitor.

Antechamber (n.) A chamber or apartment before the chief apartment and leading into it, in which persons wait for audience; an outer chamber. See Lobby.

Antechamber (n.) A space viewed as the outer chamber or the entrance to an interior part.

Antechapel (n.) The outer part of the west end of a collegiate or other chapel.

Antecommunion (n.) A name given to that part of the Anglican liturgy for the communion, which precedes the consecration of the elements.

Antecursor (n.) A forerunner; a precursor.

Antedate (n.) Prior date; a date antecedent to another which is the actual date.

Antedate (n.) Anticipation.

Antediluvian (n.) One who lived before the Deluge.

Antefact (n.) Something done before another act.

Antefix (n.) An ornament fixed upon a frieze.

Antefix (n.) An ornament at the eaves, concealing the ends of the joint tiles of the roof.

Antefix (n.) An ornament of the cymatium of a classic cornice, sometimes pierced for the escape of water.

Anteflexion (n.) A displacement forward of an organ, esp. the uterus, in such manner that its axis is bent upon itself.

Antelope (n.) One of a group of ruminant quadrupeds, intermediate between the deer and the goat. The horns are usually annulated, or ringed. There are many species in Africa and Asia.

Antemetic (n.) A remedy to check or allay vomiting.

Antemural (n.) An outwork of a strong, high wall, with turrets, in front of the gateway (as of an old castle), for defending the entrance.

Antenna (n.) A movable, articulated organ of sensation, attached to the heads of insects and Crustacea. There are two in the former, and usually four in the latter. They are used as organs of touch, and in some species of Crustacea the cavity of the ear is situated near the basal joint. In insects, they are popularly called horns, and also feelers. The term in also applied to similar organs on the heads of other arthropods and of annelids.

Antennule (n.) A small antenna; -- applied to the smaller pair of antennae or feelers of Crustacea.

Antenumber (n.) A number that precedes another.

Antepast (n.) A foretaste.

Antependium (n.) The hangings or screen in front of the altar; an altar cloth; the frontal.

Antepenult (n.) Alt. of Antepenultima

Antepenultima (n.) The last syllable of a word except two, as -syl- in monosyllable.

Antepenultimate (n.) The antepenult.

Antephialtic (n.) A remedy nightmare.

Antepileptic (n.) A medicine for epilepsy.

Anteport (n.) An outer port, gate, or door.

Anteportico (n.) An outer porch or vestibule.

Anteposition (n.) The placing of a before another, which, by ordinary rules, ought to follow it.

Antepredicament (n.) A prerequisite to a clear understanding of the predicaments and categories, such as definitions of common terms.

Anteriority (n.) The state of being anterior or preceding in time or in situation; priority.

Anteroom (n.) A room before, or forming an entrance to, another; a waiting room.

Antestature (n.) A small intrenchment or work of palisades, or of sacks of earth.

Antestomach (n.) A cavity which leads into the stomach, as in birds.

Antetemple (n.) The portico, or narthex in an ancient temple or church.

Anteversion (n.) A displacement of an organ, esp. of the uterus, in such manner that its whole axis is directed further forward than usual.

Anthelion (n.) A halo opposite the sun, consisting of a colored ring or rings around the shadow of the spectator's own head, as projected on a cloud or on an opposite fog bank.

Anthelix (n.) Same as Antihelix.

Anthelmintic (n.) An anthelmintic remedy.

Anthem (n.) Formerly, a hymn sung in alternate parts, in present usage, a selection from the Psalms, or other parts of the Scriptures or the liturgy, set to sacred music.

Anthem (n.) A song or hymn of praise.

Anthemis (n.) Chamomile; a genus of composite, herbaceous plants.

Anther (n.) That part of the stamen containing the pollen, or fertilizing dust, which, when mature, is emitted for the impregnation of the ovary.

Antheridium (n.) The male reproductive apparatus in the lower, consisting of a cell or other cavity in which spermatozoids are produced; -- called also spermary.

Antherozoid (n.) Alt. of Antherozooid

Antherozooid (n.) One of the mobile male reproductive bodies in the antheridia of cryptogams.

Anthesis (n.) The period or state of full expansion in a flower.

Ant-hill (n.) A mound thrown up by ants or by termites in forming their nests.

Anthobian (n.) A beetle which feeds on flowers.

Anthocyanin (n.) Same as Anthokyan.

Anthodium (n.) The inflorescence of a compound flower in which many florets are gathered into a involucrate head.

Anthography (n.) A description of flowers.

Anthokyan (n.) The blue coloring matter of certain flowers. Same as Cyanin.

Antholite (n.) A fossil plant, like a petrified flower.

Anthologist (n.) One who compiles an anthology.

Anthology (n.) A discourse on flowers.

Anthology (n.) A collection of flowers; a garland.

Anthology (n.) A collection of flowers of literature, that is, beautiful passages from authors; a collection of poems or epigrams; -- particularly applied to a collection of ancient Greek epigrams.

Anthology (n.) A service book containing a selection of pieces for the festival services.

Anthomania (n.) A extravagant fondness for flowers.

Anthophore (n.) The stipe when developed into an internode between calyx and corolla, as in the Pink family.

Anthophyllite (n.) A mineral of the hornblende group, of a yellowish gray or clove brown color.

Anthorism (n.) A description or definition contrary to that which is given by the adverse party.

Anthotaxy (n.) The arrangement of flowers in a cluster; the science of the relative position of flowers; inflorescence.

Anthozoan (n.) One of the Anthozoa.

Anthracene (n.) A solid hydrocarbon, C6H4.C2H2.C6H4, which accompanies naphthalene in the last stages of the distillation of coal tar. Its chief use is in the artificial production of alizarin.

Anthracite (n.) A hard, compact variety of mineral coal, of high luster, differing from bituminous coal in containing little or no bitumen, in consequence of which it burns with a nearly non luminous flame. The purer specimens consist almost wholly of carbon. Also called glance coal and blind coal.

Anthracomancy (n.) Divination by inspecting a burning coal.

Anthracometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the amount of carbonic acid in a mixture.

Anthraconite (n.) A coal-black marble, usually emitting a fetid smell when rubbed; -- called also stinkstone and swinestone.

Anthraquinone (n.) A hydrocarbon, C6H4.C2O2.C6H4, subliming in shining yellow needles. It is obtained by oxidation of anthracene.

Anthrax (n.) A carbuncle.

Anthrax (n.) A malignant pustule.

Anthrax (n.) A microscopic, bacterial organism (Bacillus anthracis), resembling transparent rods. [See Illust. under Bacillus.]

Anthrax (n.) An infectious disease of cattle and sheep. It is ascribed to the presence of a rod-shaped bacterium (Bacillus anthracis), the spores of which constitute the contagious matter. It may be transmitted to man by inoculation. The spleen becomes greatly enlarged and filled with bacteria. Called also splenic fever.

Anthrenus (n.) A genus of small beetles, several of which, in the larval state, are very destructive to woolen goods, fur, etc. The common "museum pest" is A. varius; the carpet beetle is A. scrophulariae. The larvae are commonly confounded with moths.

Anthropogeny (n.) The science or study of human generation, or the origin and development of man.

Anthropoglot (n.) An animal which has a tongue resembling that of man, as the parrot.

Anthropography (n.) That branch of anthropology which treats of the actual distribution of the human race in its different divisions, as distinguished by physical character, language, institutions, and customs, in contradistinction to ethnography, which treats historically of the origin and filiation of races and nations.

Anthropoid (n.) An anthropoid ape.

Anthropolatry (n.) Man worship.

Anthropolite (n.) A petrifaction of the human body, or of any portion of it.

Anthropologist (n.) One who is versed in anthropology.

Anthropology (n.) The science of the structure and functions of the human body.

Anthropology (n.) The science of man; -- sometimes used in a limited sense to mean the study of man as an object of natural history, or as an animal.

Anthropology (n.) That manner of expression by which the inspired writers attribute human parts and passions to God.

Anthropomancy (n.) Divination by the entrails of human being.

Anthropometry (n.) Measurement of the height and other dimensions of human beings, especially at different ages, or in different races, occupations, etc.

Anthropomorphism (n.) The representation of the Deity, or of a polytheistic deity, under a human form, or with human attributes and affections.

Anthropomorphism (n.) The ascription of human characteristics to things not human.

Anthropomorphist (n.) One who attributes the human form or other human attributes to the Deity or to anything not human.

Anthropomorphite (n.) One who ascribes a human form or human attributes to the Deity or to a polytheistic deity. Taylor. Specifically, one of a sect of ancient heretics who believed that God has a human form, etc. Tillotson.

Anthropomorphitism (n.) Anthropomorphism.

Anthropomorphology (n.) The application to God of terms descriptive of human beings.

Anthropomorphosis (n.) Transformation into the form of a human being.

Anthropopathism (n.) Alt. of Anthropopathy

Anthropopathy (n.) The ascription of human feelings or passions to God, or to a polytheistic deity.

Anthropophaginian (n.) One who east human flesh.

Anthropophagite (n.) A cannibal.

Anthropophagy (n.) The eating of human flesh; cannibalism.

Anthropophuism (n.) Human nature.

Anthroposcopy (n.) The art of discovering or judging of a man's character, passions. and inclinations from a study of his visible features.

Anthroposophy (n.) Knowledge of the nature of man; hence, human wisdom.

Anthropotomist (n.) One who is versed in anthropotomy, or human anatomy.

Anthropotomy (n.) The anatomy or dissection of the human body; androtomy.

Antialbumid (n.) A body formed from albumin by pancreatic and gastric digestion. It is convertible into antipeptone.

Antialbumose (n.) See Albumose.

Antiar (n.) A Virulent poison prepared in Java from the gum resin of one species of the upas tree (Antiaris toxicaria).

Antiarin (n.) A poisonous principle obtained from antiar.

Antiattrition (n.) Anything to prevent the effects of friction, esp. a compound lubricant for machinery, etc., often consisting of plumbago, with some greasy material; antifriction grease.

Antibacchius (n.) A foot of three syllables, the first two long, and the last short (#).

Antibrachium (n.) That part of the fore limb between the brachium and the carpus; the forearm.

Antibromic (n.) An agent that destroys offensive smells; a deodorizer.

Antiburgher (n.) One who seceded from the Burghers (1747), deeming it improper to take the Burgess oath.

Antic (n.) A buffoon or merry-andrew; one that practices odd gesticulations; the Fool of the old play.

Antic (n.) An odd imagery, device, or tracery; a fantastic figure.

Antic (n.) A grotesque trick; a piece of buffoonery; a caper.

Antic (n.) A grotesque representation.

Antic (n.) An antimask.

Anticatarrhal (n.) An anticatarrhal remedy.

Anticathode (n.) The part of a vacuum tube opposite the cathode. Upon it the cathode rays impinge.

Anticausotic (n.) A remedy for such a fever.

Antichamber (n.) See Antechamber.

Antichlor (n.) Any substance (but especially sodium hyposulphite) used in removing the excess of chlorine left in paper pulp or stuffs after bleaching.

Antichrist (n.) A denier or opponent of Christ. Specif.: A great antagonist, person or power, expected to precede Christ's second coming.

Antichristianism (n.) Alt. of Antichristianity

Antichristianity (n.) Opposition or contrariety to the Christian religion.

Antichronism (n.) Deviation from the true order of time; anachronism.

Antichthon (n.) A hypothetical earth counter to ours, or on the opposite side of the sun.

Antichthon (n.) Inhabitants of opposite hemispheres.

Anticipation (n.) The act of anticipating, taking up, placing, or considering something beforehand, or before the proper time in natural order.

Anticipation (n.) Previous view or impression of what is to happen; instinctive prevision; foretaste; antepast; as, the anticipation of the joys of heaven.

Anticipation (n.) Hasty notion; intuitive preconception.

Anticipation (n.) The commencing of one or more tones of a chord with or during the chord preceding, forming a momentary discord.

Anticipator (n.) One who anticipates.

Anticivic (n.) Opposed to citizenship.

Anticivism (n.) Opposition to the body politic of citizens.

Anticlimax (n.) A sentence in which the ideas fall, or become less important and striking, at the close; -- the opposite of climax. It produces a ridiculous effect.

Anticlinal (n.) The crest or

Anticlinorium (n.) The upward elevation of the crust of the earth, resulting from a geanticlinal.

Antic-mask (n.) An antimask.

Anticness (n.) The quality of being antic.

Anticor (n.) A dangerous inflammatory swelling of a horse's breast, just opposite the heart.

Anticyclone (n.) A movement of the atmosphere opposite in character, as regards direction of the wind and distribution of barometric pressure, to that of a cyclone.

Antidote (n.) A remedy to counteract the effects of poison, or of anything noxious taken into the stomach; -- used with against, for, or to; as, an antidote against, for, or to, poison.

Antidote (n.) Whatever tends to prevent mischievous effects, or to counteract evil which something else might produce.

Antidysenteric (n.) A medicine for dysentery.

Antifebrine (n.) Acetanilide.

Anti-federalist (n.) One of party opposed to a federative government; -- applied particularly to the party which opposed the adoption of the constitution of the United States.

Antifriction (n.) Something to lessen friction; antiattrition.

Antigraph (n.) A copy or transcript.

Antiguggler (n.) A crooked tube of metal, to be introduced into the neck of a bottle for drawing out the liquid without disturbing the sediment or causing a gurgling noise.

Antihelix (n.) The curved elevation of the cartilage of the ear, within or in front of the helix. See Ear.

Antihemorrhagic (n.) A remedy for hemorrhage.

Antihydrophobic (n.) A remedy for hydrophobia.

Antihydropic (n.) A remedy for dropsy.

Antihypnotic (n.) An antihypnotic agent.

Antihypochondriac (n.) A remedy for hypochondria.

Antihysteric (n.) A remedy for hysteria.

Antiicteric (n.) A remedy for jaundice.

Antilibration (n.) A balancing; equipoise.

Antilithic (n.) An antilithic medicine.

Antilogarithm (n.) The number corresponding to a logarithm. The word has been sometimes, though rarely, used to denote the complement of a given logarithm; also the logarithmic cosine corresponding to a given logarithmic sine.

Antilogy (n.) A contradiction between any words or passages in an author.

Antiloimic (n.) A remedy against the plague.

Antiloquist (n.) A contradicter.

Antiloquy (n.) Contradiction.

Antimacassar (n.) A cover for the back or arms of a chair or sofa, etc., to prevent them from being soiled by macassar or other oil from the hair.

Antimask (n.) A secondary mask, or grotesque interlude, between the parts of a serious mask.

Antimason (n.) One opposed to Freemasonry.

Antimasonry (n.) Opposition to Freemasonry.

Antimephitic (n.) A remedy against mephitic gases.

Antimere (n.) One of the two halves of bilaterally symmetrical animals; one of any opposite symmetrical or homotypic parts in animals and plants.

Antimetabole (n.) A figure in which the same words or ideas are repeated in transposed order.

Antimetathesis (n.) An antithesis in which the members are repeated in inverse order.

Antimeter (n.) A modification of the quadrant, for measuring small angles.

Antimonarchist (n.) An enemy to monarchial government.

Antimonate (n.) A compound of antimonic acid with a base or basic radical.

Antimonial (n.) A preparation or medicine containing antimony.

Antimonite (n.) A compound of antimonious acid and a base or basic radical.

Antimonite (n.) Stibnite.

Antimony (n.) An elementary substance, resembling a metal in its appearance and physical properties, but in its chemical relations belonging to the class of nonmetallic substances. Atomic weight, 120. Symbol, Sb.

Antinephritic (n.) An antinephritic remedy.

Antinomian (n.) One who maintains that, under the gospel dispensation, the moral law is of no use or obligation, but that faith alone is necessary to salvation. The sect of Antinomians originated with John Agricola, in Germany, about the year 1535.

Antinomianism (n.) The tenets or practice of Antinomians.

Antinomist (n.) An Antinomian.

Antinomy (n.) Opposition of one law or rule to another law or rule.

Antinomy (n.) An opposing law or rule of any kind.

Antinomy (n.) A contradiction or incompatibility of thought or language; -- in the Kantian philosophy, such a contradiction as arises from the attempt to apply to the ideas of the reason, relations or attributes which are appropriate only to the facts or the concepts of experience.

Antiodontalgic (n.) A remedy for toothache.

Antiparalytic (n.) A medicine for paralysis.

Antipathist (n.) One who has an antipathy.

Antipathy (n.) Contrariety or opposition in feeling; settled aversion or dislike; repugnance; distaste.

Antipathy (n.) Natural contrariety; incompatibility; repugnancy of qualities; as, oil and water have antipathy.

Antipeptone (n.) A product of gastric and pancreatic digestion, differing from hemipeptone in not being decomposed by the continued action of pancreatic juice.

Antiperiodic (n.) A remedy possessing the property of preventing the return of periodic paroxysms, or exacerbations, of disease, as in intermittent fevers.

Antiperistasis (n.) Opposition by which the quality opposed asquires strength; resistance or reaction roused by opposition or by the action of an opposite principle or quality.

Antiphlogistian (n.) An opposer of the theory of phlogiston.

Antiphlogistic (n.) Any medicine or diet which tends to check inflammation.

Antiphon (n.) A musical response; alternate singing or chanting. See Antiphony, and Antiphone.

Antiphon (n.) A verse said before and after the psalms.

Antiphonal (n.) A book of antiphons or anthems.

Antiphonary (n.) A book containing a collection of antiphons; the book in which the antiphons of the breviary, with their musical notes, are contained.

Antiphone (n.) The response which one side of the choir makes to the other in a chant; alternate chanting or signing.

Antiphoner (n.) A book of antiphons.

Antiphony (n.) A musical response; also, antiphonal chanting or signing.

Antiphony (n.) An anthem or psalm sung alternately by a choir or congregation divided into two parts. Also figuratively.

Antiphrasis (n.) The use of words in a sense opposite to their proper meaning; as when a court of justice is called a court of vengeance.

Antiphthisic (n.) A medicine for phthisis.

Antipodagric (n.) A medicine for gout.

Antipode (n.) One of the antipodes; anything exactly opposite.

Antipodes (n.) Those who live on the side of the globe diametrically opposite.

Antipodes (n.) The country of those who live on the opposite side of the globe.

Antipodes (n.) Anything exactly opposite or contrary.

Antipole (n.) The opposite pole; anything diametrically opposed.

Antipope (n.) One who is elected, or claims to be, pope in opposition to the pope canonically chosen; esp. applied to those popes who resided at Avignon during the Great Schism.

Antipsoric (n.) An antipsoric remedy.

Antiptosis (n.) The putting of one case for another.

Antipyic (n.) An antipyic medicine.

Antipyresis (n.) The condition or state of being free from fever.

Antipyretic (n.) A febrifuge.

Antipyrine (n.) An artificial alkaloid, believed to be efficient in abating fever.

Antipyrotic (n.) Anything of use in preventing or healing burns or pyrosis.

Antiquarian (n.) An antiquary.

Antiquarian (n.) A drawing paper of large size. See under Paper, n.

Antiquarianism (n.) Character of an antiquary; study or love of antiquities.

Antiquary (n.) One devoted to the study of ancient times through their relics, as inscriptions, monuments, remains of ancient habitations, statues, coins, manuscripts, etc.; one who searches for and studies the relics of antiquity.

Antiquatedness (n.) Quality of being antiquated.

Antiquateness (n.) Antiquatedness.

Antiquation (n.) The act of making antiquated, or the state of being antiquated.

Antiqueness (n.) The quality of being antique; an appearance of ancient origin and workmanship.

Antiquist (n.) An antiquary; a collector of antiques.

Antiquitarian (n.) An admirer of antiquity. [Used by Milton in a disparaging sense.]

Antiquity (n.) The quality of being ancient; ancientness; great age; as, a statue of remarkable antiquity; a family of great antiquity.

Antiquity (n.) Old age.

Antiquity (n.) Ancient times; former ages; times long since past; as, Cicero was an eloquent orator of antiquity.

Antiquity (n.) The ancients; the people of ancient times.

Antiquity (n.) An old gentleman.

Antiquity (n.) A relic or monument of ancient times; as, a coin, a statue, etc.; an ancient institution. [In this sense, usually in the plural.]

Antirenter (n.) One opposed to the payment of rent; esp. one of those who in 1840-47 resisted the collection of rents claimed by the patroons from the settlers on certain manorial lands in the State of New York.

Antisabbatarian (n.) One of a sect which opposes the observance of the Christian Sabbath.

Antiscorbutic (n.) A remedy for scurvy.

Antiseptic (n.) A substance which prevents or retards putrefaction, or destroys, or protects from, putrefactive organisms; as, salt, carbolic acid, alcohol, cinchona.

Antislavery (n.) Opposition to slavery.

Antisocialist (n.) One opposed to the doctrines and practices of socialists or socialism.

Antispasmodic (n.) A medicine which prevents or allays spasms or convulsions.

Antispast (n.) A foot of four syllables, the first and fourth short, and the second and third long (#).

Antispastic (n.) An antispastic agent.

Antisplenetic (n.) An antisplenetic medicine.

Antistrophe (n.) In Greek choruses and dances, the returning of the chorus, exactly answering to a previous strophe or movement from right to left. Hence: The

Antistrophe (n.) The repetition of words in an inverse order; as, the master of the servant and the servant of the master.

Antistrophe (n.) The retort or turning of an adversary's plea against him.

Antistrophon (n.) An argument retorted on an opponent.

Antistrumatic (n.) A medicine for scrofula.

Antisyphilitic (n.) A medicine for syphilis.

Antitheism (n.) The doctrine of antitheists.

Antitheist (n.) A disbeliever in the existence of God.

Antithesis (n.) An opposition or contrast of words or sentiments occurring in the same sentence; as, "The prodigal robs his heir; the miser robs himself." "He had covertly shot at Cromwell; he how openly aimed at the Queen."

Antithesis (n.) The second of two clauses forming an antithesis.

Antithesis (n.) Opposition; contrast.

Antithet (n.) An antithetic or contrasted statement.

Antitoxin (n.) Alt. of Antitoxine

Antitoxine (n.) A substance (sometimes the product of a specific micro-organism and sometimes naturally present in the blood or tissues of an animal), capable of producing immunity from certain diseases, or of counteracting the poisonous effects of pathogenic bacteria.

Anti-trade (n.) A tropical wind blowing steadily in a direction opposite to the trade wind.

Antitragus (n.) A prominence on the lower posterior portion of the concha of the external ear, opposite the tragus. See Ear.

Antitrochanter (n.) An articular surface on the ilium of birds against which the great trochanter of the femur plays.

Antitype (n.) That of which the type is the pattern or representation; that which is represented by the type or symbol.

Antitypy (n.) Opposition or resistance of matter to force.

Antivaccination (n.) Opposition to vaccination.

Antivaccinationist (n.) An antivaccinist.

Antivaccinist (n.) One opposed to vaccination.

Antivivisection (n.) Opposition to vivisection.

Antivivisectionist (n.) One opposed to vivisection

Antizymotic (n.) An agent so used.

Antler (n.) The entire horn, or any branch of the horn, of a cervine animal, as of a stag.

Antlia (n.) The spiral tubular proboscis of lepidopterous insects. See Lepidoptera.

Ant-lion (n.) A neuropterous insect, the larva of which makes in the sand a pitfall to capture ants, etc. The common American species is Myrmeleon obsoletus, the European is M. formicarius.

Antonomasia (n.) The use of some epithet or the name of some office, dignity, or the like, instead of the proper name of the person; as when his majesty is used for a king, or when, instead of Aristotle, we say, the philosopher; or, conversely, the use of a proper name instead of an appellative, as when a wise man is called a Solomon, or an eminent orator a Cicero.

Antonomasy (n.) Antonomasia.

Antonym (n.) A word of opposite meaning; a counterterm; -- used as a correlative of synonym.

Antorbital (n.) The antorbital bone.

Antozone (n.) A compound formerly supposed to be modification of oxygen, but now known to be hydrogen dioxide; -- so called because apparently antagonistic to ozone, converting it into ordinary oxygen.

Antre (n.) A cavern.

Antrum (n.) A cavern or cavity, esp. an anatomical cavity or sinus

Antrustion (n.) A vassal or voluntary follower of Frankish princes in their enterprises

Anubis (n.) An Egyptian deity, the conductor of departed spirits, represented by a human figure with the head of a dog or fox.

Anury (n.) Nonsecretion or defective secretion of urine; ischury.

Anus (n.) The posterior opening of the alimentary canal, through which the excrements are expelled.

Anvil (n.) An iron block, usually with a steel face, upon which metals are hammered and shaped.

Anvil (n.) Anything resembling an anvil in shape or use.

Anvil (n.) the incus. See Incus.

Anxietude (n.) The state of being anxious; anxiety.

Anxiety (n.) Concern or solicitude respecting some thing or event, future or uncertain, which disturbs the mind, and keeps it in a state of painful uneasiness.

Anxiety (n.) Eager desire.

Anxiety (n.) A state of restlessness and agitation, often with general indisposition and a distressing sense of oppression at the epigastrium.

Anxiousness (n.) The quality of being anxious; great solicitude; anxiety.

Anybody (n.) Any one out of an indefinite number of persons; anyone; any person.

Anybody (n.) A person of consideration or standing.

Anyone (n.) One taken at random rather than by selection; anybody. [Commonly written as two words.]

Anything (n.) Any object, act, state, event, or fact whatever; thing of any kind; something or other; aught; as, I would not do it for anything.

Anything (n.) Expressing an indefinite comparison; -- with as or like.

Anythingarian (n.) One who holds to no particular creed or dogma.

Aorist (n.) A tense in the Greek language, which expresses an action as completed in past time, but leaves it, in other respects, wholly indeterminate.

Aorta (n.) The great artery which carries the blood from the heart to all parts of the body except the lungs; the main trunk of the arterial system.

Aortitis (n.) Inflammation of the aorta.

Aoudad (n.) An African sheeplike quadruped (the Ammotragus tragelaphus) having a long mane on the breast and fore legs. It is, perhaps, the chamois of the Old Testament.

Apagoge (n.) An indirect argument which proves a thing by showing the impossibility or absurdity of the contrary.

Apanage (n.) Same as Appanage.

Apanthropy (n.) An aversion to the company of men; a love of solitude.

Apar (n.) Alt. of Apara

Apara (n.) See Mataco.

Aparejo (n.) A kind of pack saddle used in the American military service and among the Spanish Americans. It is made of leather stuffed with hay, moss, or the like.

Aparithmesis (n.) Enumeration of parts or particulars.

Apartment (n.) A room in a building; a division in a house, separated from others by partitions.

Apartment (n.) A set or suite of rooms.

Apartment (n.) A compartment.

Apartness (n.) The quality of standing apart.

Apastron (n.) That point in the orbit of a double star where the smaller star is farthest from its primary.

Apathist (n.) One who is destitute of feeling.

Apathy (n.) Want of feeling; privation of passion, emotion, or excitement; dispassion; -- applied either to the body or the mind. As applied to the mind, it is a calmness, indolence, or state of indifference, incapable of being ruffled or roused to active interest or exertion by pleasure, pain, or passion.

Apatite (n.) Native phosphate of lime, occurring usually in six-sided prisms, color often pale green, transparent or translucent.

Apaume (n.) See Appaume.

Ape (n.) A quadrumanous mammal, esp. of the family Simiadae, having teeth of the same number and form as in man, and possessing neither a tail nor cheek pouches. The name is applied esp. to species of the genus Hylobates, and is sometimes used as a general term for all Quadrumana. The higher forms, the gorilla, chimpanzee, and ourang, are often called anthropoid apes or man apes.

Ape (n.) One who imitates servilely (in allusion to the manners of the ape); a mimic.

Ape (n.) A dupe.

Apehood (n.) The state of being an ape.

Apepsy (n.) Defective digestion, indigestion.

Aper (n.) One who apes.

Aperea (n.) The wild Guinea pig of Brazil (Cavia aperea).

Aperient (n.) An aperient medicine or food.

Apertion (n.) The act of opening; an opening; an aperture.

Apertness (n.) Openness; frankness.

Aperture (n.) The act of opening.

Aperture (n.) An opening; an open space; a gap, cleft, or chasm; a passage perforated; a hole; as, an aperture in a wall.

Aperture (n.) The diameter of the exposed part of the object glass of a telescope or other optical instrument; as, a telescope of four-inch aperture.

Apery (n.) A place where apes are kept.

Apery (n.) The practice of aping; an apish action.

Apetalousness (n.) The state of being apetalous.

Apex (n.) The tip, top, point, or angular summit of anything; as, the apex of a mountain, spire, or cone; the apex, or tip, of a leaf.

Apex (n.) The end or edge of a vein nearest the surface.

Aphaeresis (n.) Same as Apheresis.

Aphakia (n.) An anomalous state of refraction caused by the absence of the crystal

Aphanite (n.) A very compact, dark-colored /ock, consisting of hornblende, or pyroxene, and feldspar, but neither of them in perceptible grains.

Aphasia (n.) Alt. of Aphasy

Aphasy (n.) Loss of the power of speech, or of the appropriate use of words, the vocal organs remaining intact, and the intelligence being preserved. It is dependent on injury or disease of the brain.

Aphelion (n.) That point of a planet's or comet's orbit which is most distant from the sun, the opposite point being the perihelion.

Apheliotropism (n.) The habit of bending from the sunlight; -- said of certain plants.

Aphemia (n.) Loss of the power of speaking, while retaining the power of writing; -- a disorder of cerebral origin.

Apheresis (n.) The dropping of a letter or syllable from the beginning of a word; e. g., cute for acute.

Apheresis (n.) An operation by which any part is separated from the rest.

Aphesis (n.) The loss of a short unaccented vowel at the beginning of a word; -- the result of a phonetic process; as, squire for esquire.

Aphetism (n.) An aphetized form of a word.

Aphid (n.) One of the genus Aphis; an aphidian.

Aphidian (n.) One of the aphides; an aphid.

Aphilanthropy (n.) Want of love to mankind; -- the opposite of philanthropy.

Aphis (n.) A genus of insects belonging to the order Hemiptera and family Aphidae, including numerous species known as plant lice and green flies.

Aphonia (n.) Alt. of Aphony

Aphony (n.) Loss of voice or vocal utterance.

Aphorism (n.) A comprehensive maxim or principle expressed in a few words; a sharply defined sentence relating to abstract truth rather than to practical matters.

Aphorismer (n.) A dealer in aphorisms.

Aphorist (n.) A writer or utterer of aphorisms.

Aphrite (n.) See under Calcite.

Aphrodisiac (n.) That which (as a drug, or some kinds of food) excites to venery.

Aphrodite (n.) The Greek goddess of love, corresponding to the Venus of the Romans.

Aphrodite (n.) A large marine annelid, covered with long, lustrous, golden, hairlike setae; the sea mouse.

Aphrodite (n.) A beautiful butterfly (Argunnis Aphrodite) of the United States.

Aphtha (n.) One of the whitish specks called aphthae.

Aphtha (n.) The disease, also called thrush.

Aphthong (n.) A letter, or a combination of letters, employed in spelling a word, but in the pronunciation having no sound.

Apiarist (n.) One who keeps an apiary.

Apiary (n.) A place where bees are kept; a stand or shed for bees; a beehouse.

Apiculture (n.) Rearing of bees for their honey and wax.

Apiol (n.) An oily liquid derived from parsley.

Apiologist (n.) A student of bees.

Apis (n.) A genus of insects of the order Hymenoptera, including the common honeybee (Apis mellifica) and other related species. See Honeybee.

Apishness (n.) The quality of being apish; mimicry; foppery.

Aplanatism (n.) Freedom from spherical aberration.

Aplomb (n.) Assurance of manner or of action; self-possession.

Aplotomy (n.) Simple incision.

Aplustre (n.) An ornamental appendage of wood at the ship's stern, usually spreading like a fan and curved like a bird's feather.

Aplysia (n.) A genus of marine mollusks of the order Tectibranchiata; the sea hare. Some of the species when disturbed throw out a deep purple liquor, which colors the water to some distance. See Illust. in Appendix.

Apnoea (n.) Partial privation or suspension of breath; suffocation.

Apocalypse (n.) The revelation delivered to St. John, in the isle of Patmos, near the close of the first century, forming the last book of the New Testament.

Apocalypse (n.) Anything viewed as a revelation; a disclosure.

Apocalyptic (n.) Alt. of Apocalyptist

Apocalyptist (n.) The writer of the Apocalypse.

Apocopation (n.) Shortening by apocope; the state of being apocopated.

Apocope (n.) The cutting off, or omission, of the last letter, syllable, or part of a word.

Apocope (n.) A cutting off; abscission.

Apocrisiary (n.) Alt. of Apocrisiarius

Apocrisiarius (n.) A delegate or deputy; especially, the pope's nuncio or legate at Constantinople.

Apocrustic (n.) An apocrustic medicine.

Apocryphalist (n.) One who believes in, or defends, the Apocrypha.

Apocryphalness (n.) The quality or state of being apocryphal; doubtfulness of credit or genuineness.

Apocynin (n.) A bitter principle obtained from the dogbane (Apocynum cannabinum).

Apod (n.) Alt. of Apodal

Apodal (n.) Without feet; footless.

Apodal (n.) Destitute of the ventral fin, as the eels.

Apod (n.) Alt. of Apode

Apode (n.) One of certain animals that have no feet or footlike organs; esp. one of certain fabulous birds which were said to have no feet.

Apoda (n.) A group of cirripeds, destitute of footlike organs.

Apoda (n.) An order of Amphibia without feet. See Ophiomorpha.

Apoda (n.) A group of worms without appendages, as the leech.

Apodeme (n.) One of the processes of the shell which project inwards and unite with one another, in the thorax of many Crustacea.

Apodixis (n.) Full demonstration.

Apodosis (n.) The consequent clause or conclusion in a conditional sentence, expressing the result, and thus distinguished from the protasis or clause which expresses a condition. Thus, in the sentence, "Though he slay me, yet will I trust in him," the former clause is the protasis, and the latter the apodosis.

Apodyterium (n.) The apartment at the entrance of the baths, or in the palestra, where one stripped; a dressing room.

Apogamy (n.) The formation of a bud in place of a fertilized ovule or oospore.

Apogee (n.) That point in the orbit of the moon which is at the greatest distance from the earth.

Apogee (n.) Fig.: The farthest or highest point; culmination.

Apogeotropism (n.) The apogeotropic tendency of some leaves, and other parts.

Apograph (n.) A copy or transcript.

Apollinarian (n.) A follower of Apollinaris, Bishop of Laodicea in the fourth century, who denied the proper humanity of Christ.

Apollo (n.) A deity among the Greeks and Romans. He was the god of light and day (the "sun god"), of archery, prophecy, medicine, poetry, and music, etc., and was represented as the model of manly grace and beauty; -- called also Phebus.

Apollyon (n.) The Destroyer; -- a name used (Rev. ix. 11) for the angel of the bottomless pit, answering to the Hebrew Abaddon.

Apologer (n.) A teller of apologues.

Apologetics (n.) That branch of theology which defends the Holy Scriptures, and sets forth the evidence of their divine authority.

Apologist (n.) One who makes an apology; one who speaks or writes in defense of a faith, a cause, or an institution; especially, one who argues in defense of Christianity.

Apologizer (n.) One who makes an apology; an apologist.

Apologue (n.) A story or relation of fictitious events, intended to convey some moral truth; a moral fable.

Apology (n.) Something said or written in defense or justification of what appears to others wrong, or of what may be liable to disapprobation; justification; as, Tertullian's Apology for Christianity.

Apology (n.) An acknowledgment intended as an atonement for some improper or injurious remark or act; an admission to another of a wrong or discourtesy done him, accompanied by an expression of regret.

Apology (n.) Anything provided as a substitute; a makeshift.

Apomecometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the height of objects.

Apomecometry (n.) The art of measuring the distance of objects afar off.

Apomorphia (n.) Alt. of Apomorphine

Apomorphine (n.) A crystal

Aponeurosis (n.) Any one of the thicker and denser of the deep fasciae which cover, invest, and the terminations and attachments of, many muscles. They often differ from tendons only in being flat and thin. See Fascia.

Aponeurotomy (n.) Dissection of aponeuroses.

Apophasis (n.) A figure by which a speaker formally dec

Apophlegmatic (n.) An apophlegmatic medicine.

Apophlegmatism (n.) The action of apophlegmatics.

Apophlegmatism (n.) An apophlegmatic.

Apophlegmatizant (n.) An apophlegmatic.

Apophthegm (n.) See Apothegm.

Apophyge (n.) The small hollow curvature given to the top or bottom of the shaft of a column where it expands to meet the edge of the fillet; -- called also the scape.

Apophyllite (n.) A mineral relating to the zeolites, usually occurring in square prisms or octahedrons with pearly luster on the cleavage surface. It is a hydrous silicate of calcium and potassium.

Apophysis (n.) A marked prominence or process on any part of a bone.

Apophysis (n.) An enlargement at the top of a pedicel or stem, as seen in certain mosses.

Apoplectic (n.) One liable to, or affected with, apoplexy.

Apoplex (n.) Apoplexy.

Apoplexy (n.) Sudden diminution or loss of consciousness, sensation, and voluntary motion, usually caused by pressure on the brain.

Aporia (n.) A figure in which the speaker professes to be at a loss what course to pursue, where to begin to end, what to say, etc.

Aposiopesis (n.) A figure of speech in which the speaker breaks off suddenly, as if unwilling or unable to state what was in his mind; as, "I declare to you that his conduct -- but I can not speak of that, here."

Apostasy (n.) An abandonment of what one has voluntarily professed; a total desertion of departure from one's faith, principles, or party; esp., the renunciation of a religious faith; as, Julian's apostasy from Christianity.

Apostate (n.) One who has forsaken the faith, principles, or party, to which he before adhered; esp., one who has forsaken his religion for another; a pervert; a renegade.

Apostate (n.) One who, after having received sacred orders, renounces his clerical profession.

Apostemation (n.) The formation of an aposteme; the process of suppuration.

Aposteme (n.) An abscess; a swelling filled with purulent matter.

Apostil (n.) Alt. of Apostille

Apostille (n.) A marginal note on a letter or other paper; an annotation.

Apostle (n.) Literally: One sent forth; a messenger. Specifically: One of the twelve disciples of Christ, specially chosen as his companions and witnesses, and sent forth to preach the gospel.

Apostle (n.) The missionary who first plants the Christian faith in any part of the world; also, one who initiates any great moral reform, or first advocates any important belief; one who has extraordinary success as a missionary or reformer; as, Dionysius of Corinth is called the apostle of France, John Eliot the apostle to the Indians, Theobald Mathew the apostle of temperance.

Apostle (n.) A brief letter dimissory sent by a court appealed from to the superior court, stating the case, etc.; a paper sent up on appeals in the admiralty courts.

Apostleship (n.) The office or dignity of an apostle.

Apostolate (n.) The dignity, office, or mission, of an apostle; apostleship.

Apostolate (n.) The dignity or office of the pope, as the holder of the apostolic see.

Apostolic (n.) A member of one of certain ascetic sects which at various times professed to imitate the practice of the apostles.

Apostolicalness (n.) Apostolicity.

Apostolicism (n.) Alt. of Apostolicity

Apostolicity (n.) The state or quality of being apostolical.

Apostrophe (n.) A figure of speech by which the orator or writer suddenly breaks off from the previous method of his discourse, and addresses, in the second person, some person or thing, absent or present; as, Milton's apostrophe to Light at the beginning of the third book of "Paradise Lost."

Apostrophe (n.) The contraction of a word by the omission of a letter or letters, which omission is marked by the character ['] placed where the letter or letters would have been; as, call'd for called.

Apostrophe (n.) The mark ['] used to denote that a word is contracted (as in ne'er for never, can't for can not), and as a sign of the possessive, singular and plural; as, a boy's hat, boys' hats. In the latter use it originally marked the omission of the letter e.

Apostume (n.) See Aposteme.

Apotactite (n.) One of a sect of ancient Christians, who, in supposed imitation of the first believers, renounced all their possessions.

Apotelesm (n.) The result or issue.

Apotelesm (n.) The calculation and explanation of a nativity.

Apothecary (n.) One who prepares and sells drugs or compounds for medicinal purposes.

Apothecium (n.) The ascigerous fructification of lichens, forming masses of various shapes.

Apothegm (n.) Alt. of Apophthegm

Apophthegm (n.) A short, pithy, and instructive saying; a terse remark, conveying some important truth; a sententious precept or maxim.

Apothegmatist (n.) A collector or maker of apothegms.

Apothem (n.) The perpendicular from the center to one of the sides of a regular polygon.

Apothem (n.) A deposit formed in a liquid extract of a vegetable substance by exposure to the air.

Apothesis (n.) A place on the south side of the chancel in the primitive churches, furnished with shelves, for books, vestments, etc.

Apothesis (n.) A dressing room connected with a public bath.

Apotome (n.) The difference between two quantities commensurable only in power, as between A2 and 1, or between the diagonal and side of a square.

Apotome (n.) The remaining part of a whole tone after a smaller semitone has been deducted from it; a major semitone.

Apozem (n.) A decoction or infusion.

Appall (n.) Terror; dismay.

Appallment (n.) Depression occasioned by terror; dismay.

Appanage (n.) The portion of land assigned by a sovereign prince for the subsistence of his younger sons.

Appanage (n.) A dependency; a dependent territory.

Appanage (n.) That which belongs to one by custom or right; a natural adjunct or accompaniment.

Appanagist (n.) A prince to whom an appanage has been granted.

Apparatus (n.) Things provided as means to some end.

Apparatus (n.) Hence: A full collection or set of implements, or utensils, for a given duty, experimental or operative; any complex instrument or appliance, mechanical or chemical, for a specific action or operation; machinery; mechanism.

Apparatus (n.) A collection of organs all of which unite in a common function; as, the respiratory apparatus.

Apparel (n.) External clothing; vesture; garments; dress; garb; external habiliments or array.

Apparel (n.) A small ornamental piece of embroidery worn on albs and some other ecclesiastical vestments.

Apparel (n.) The furniture of a ship, as masts, sails, rigging, anchors, guns, etc.

Apparence (n.) Appearance.

Apparency (n.) Appearance.

Apparency (n.) Apparentness; state of being apparent.

Apparency (n.) The position of being heir apparent.

Apparent (n.) An heir apparent.

Apparentness (n.) Plainness to the eye or the mind; visibleness; obviousness.

Apparition (n.) The act of becoming visible; appearance; visibility.

Apparition (n.) The thing appearing; a visible object; a form.

Apparition (n.) An unexpected, wonderful, or preternatural appearance; a ghost; a specter; a phantom.

Apparition (n.) The first appearance of a star or other luminary after having been invisible or obscured; -- opposed to occultation.

Apparitor (n.) Formerly, an officer who attended magistrates and judges to execute their orders.

Apparitor (n.) A messenger or officer who serves the process of an ecclesiastical court.

Appaume (n.) A hand open and extended so as to show the palm.

Appeacher (n.) An accuser.

Appeachment (n.) Accusation.

Appealant (n.) An appellant.

Appealer (n.) One who makes an appeal.

Appear (n.) Appearance.

Appearance (n.) The act of appearing or coming into sight; the act of becoming visible to the eye; as, his sudden appearance surprised me.

Appearance (n.) A thing seed; a phenomenon; a phase; an apparition; as, an appearance in the sky.

Appearance (n.) Personal presence; exhibition of the person; look; aspect; mien.

Appearance (n.) Semblance, or apparent likeness; external show. pl. Outward signs, or circumstances, fitted to make a particular impression or to determine the judgment as to the character of a person or a thing, an act or a state; as, appearances are against him.

Appearance (n.) The act of appearing in a particular place, or in society, a company, or any proceedings; a coming before the public in a particular character; as, a person makes his appearance as an historian, an artist, or an orator.

Appearance (n.) Probability; likelihood.

Appearance (n.) The coming into court of either of the parties; the being present in court; the coming into court of a party summoned in an action, either by himself or by his attorney, expressed by a formal entry by the proper officer to that effect; the act or proceeding by which a party proceeded against places himself before the court, and submits to its jurisdiction.

Appearer (n.) One who appears.

Appeasement (n.) The act of appeasing, or the state of being appeased; pacification.

Appeaser (n.) One who appeases; a pacifier.

Appellancy (n.) Capability of appeal.

Appellant (n.) One who accuses another of felony or treason.

Appellant (n.) One who appeals, or asks for a rehearing or review of a cause by a higher tribunal.

Appellant (n.) A challenger.

Appellant (n.) One who appealed to a general council against the bull Unigenitus.

Appellant (n.) One who appeals or entreats.

Appellate (n.) A person or prosecuted for a crime. [Obs.] See Appellee.

Appellation (n.) The act of appealing; appeal.

Appellation (n.) The act of calling by a name.

Appellation (n.) The word by which a particular person or thing is called and known; name; title; designation.

Appellative (n.) A common name, in distinction from a proper name. A common name, or appellative, stands for a whole class, genus, or species of beings, or for universal ideas. Thus, tree is the name of all plants of a particular class; plant and vegetable are names of things that grow out of the earth. A proper name, on the other hand, stands for a single thing; as, Rome, Washington, Lake Erie.

Appellative (n.) An appellation or title; a descriptive name.

Appellativeness (n.) The quality of being appellative.

Appellee (n.) The defendant in an appeal; -- opposed to appellant.

Appellee (n.) The person who is appealed against, or accused of crime; -- opposed to appellor.

Appellor (n.) The person who institutes an appeal, or prosecutes another for a crime.

Appellor (n.) One who confesses a felony committed and accuses his accomplices.

Appenage (n.) See Appanage.

Appendage (n.) Something appended to, or accompanying, a principal or greater thing, though not necessary to it, as a portico to a house.

Appendage (n.) A subordinate or subsidiary part or organ; an external organ or limb, esp. of the articulates.

Appendance (n.) Something appendant.

Appendant (n.) Anything attached to another as incidental or subordinate to it.

Appendant (n.) A inheritance annexed by prescription to a superior inheritance.

Appendence (n.) Alt. of Appendency

Appendency (n.) State of being appendant; appendance.

Appendication (n.) An appendage.

Appendicitis (n.) Inflammation of the vermiform appendix.

Appendicle (n.) A small appendage.

Appendicularia (n.) A genus of small free-swimming Tunicata, shaped somewhat like a tadpole, and remarkable for resemblances to the larvae of other Tunicata. It is the type of the order Copelata or Larvalia. See Illustration in Appendix.

Appendix (n.) Something appended or added; an appendage, adjunct, or concomitant.

Appendix (n.) Any literary matter added to a book, but not necessarily essential to its completeness, and thus distinguished from supplement, which is intended to supply deficiencies and correct inaccuracies.

Appension (n.) The act of appending.

Apperception (n.) The mind's perception of itself as the subject or actor in its own states; perception that reflects upon itself; sometimes, intensified or energetic perception.

Apperil (n.) Peril.

Appertainment (n.) That which appertains to a person; an appurtenance.

Appertinance (n.) Alt. of Appertinence

Appertinence (n.) See Appurtenance.

Appertinent (n.) That which belongs to something else; an appurtenant.

Appetence (n.) A longing; a desire; especially an ardent desire; appetite; appetency.

Appetency (n.) Fixed and strong desire; esp. natural desire; a craving; an eager appetite.

Appetency (n.) Specifically: An instinctive inclination or propensity in animals to perform certain actions, as in the young to suck, in aquatic fowls to enter into water and to swim; the tendency of an organized body to seek what satisfies the wants of its organism.

Appetency (n.) Natural tendency; affinity; attraction; -- used of inanimate objects.

Appetibility (n.) The quality of being desirable.

Appetite (n.) The desire for some personal gratification, either of the body or of the mind.

Appetite (n.) Desire for, or relish of, food or drink; hunger.

Appetite (n.) Any strong desire; an eagerness or longing.

Appetite (n.) Tendency; appetency.

Appetite (n.) The thing desired.

Appetition (n.) Desire; a longing for, or seeking after, something.

Appetizer (n.) Something which creates or whets an appetite.

Applauder (n.) One who applauds.

Applause (n.) The act of applauding; approbation and praise publicly expressed by clapping the hands, stamping or tapping with the feet, acclamation, huzzas, or other means; marked commendation.

Apple (n.) The fleshy pome or fruit of a rosaceous tree (Pyrus malus) cultivated in numberless varieties in the temperate zones.

Apple (n.) Any tree genus Pyrus which has the stalk sunken into the base of the fruit; an apple tree.

Apple (n.) Any fruit or other vegetable production resembling, or supposed to resemble, the apple; as, apple of love, or love apple (a tomato), balsam apple, egg apple, oak apple.

Apple (n.) Anything round like an apple; as, an apple of gold.

Apple-jack (n.) Apple brandy.

Apple-john (n.) A kind of apple which by keeping becomes much withered; -- called also Johnapple.

Apple-squire (n.) A pimp; a kept gallant.

Appliance (n.) The act of applying; application; [Obs.] subservience.

Appliance (n.) The thing applied or used as a means to an end; an apparatus or device; as, to use various appliances; a mechanical appliance; a machine with its appliances.

Applicability (n.) The quality of being applicable or fit to be applied.

Applicancy (n.) The quality or state of being applicable.

Applicant (n.) One who apples for something; one who makes request; a petitioner.

Application (n.) The act of applying or laying on, in a literal sense; as, the application of emollients to a diseased limb.

Application (n.) The thing applied.

Application (n.) The act of applying as a means; the employment of means to accomplish an end; specific use.

Application (n.) The act of directing or referring something to a particular case, to discover or illustrate agreement or disagreement, fitness, or correspondence; as, I make the remark, and leave you to make the application; the application of a theory.

Application (n.) Hence, in specific uses: (a) That part of a sermon or discourse in which the principles before laid down and illustrated are applied to practical uses; the "moral" of a fable. (b) The use of the principles of one science for the purpose of enlarging or perfecting another; as, the application of algebra to geometry.

Application (n.) The capacity of being practically applied or used; relevancy; as, a rule of general application.

Application (n.) The act of fixing the mind or closely applying one's self; assiduous effort; close attention; as, to injure the health by application to study.

Application (n.) The act of making request of soliciting; as, an application for an office; he made application to a court of chancery.

Application (n.) A request; a document containing a request; as, his application was placed on file.

Applicatory (n.) That which applies.

Applier (n.) He who, or that which, applies.

Appliment (n.) Application.

Applotment (n.) Apportionment.

Appoggiatura (n.) A passing tone preceding an essential tone, and borrowing the time it occupies from that; a short auxiliary or grace note one degree above or below the principal note unless it be of the same harmony; -- generally indicated by a note of smaller size, as in the illustration above. It forms no essential part of the harmony.

Appointer (n.) One who appoints, or executes a power of appointment.

Appointment (n.) The act of appointing; designation of a person to hold an office or discharge a trust; as, he erred by the appointment of unsuitable men.

Appointment (n.) The state of being appointed to som/ service or office; an office to which one is appointed; station; position; an, the appointment of treasurer.

Appointment (n.) Stipulation; agreement; the act of fixing by mutual agreement. Hence:: Arrangement for a meeting; engagement; as, they made an appointment to meet at six.

Appointment (n.) Decree; direction; established order or constitution; as, to submit to the divine appointments.

Appointment (n.) The exercise of the power of designating (under a "power of appointment") a person to enjoy an estate or other specific property; also, the instrument by which the designation is made.

Appointment (n.) Equipment, furniture, as for a ship or an army; whatever is appointed for use and management; outfit; (pl.) the accouterments of military officers or soldiers, as belts, sashes, swords.

Appointment (n.) An allowance to a person, esp. to a public officer; a perquisite; -- properly only in the plural.

Appointment (n.) A honorary part or exercise, as an oration, etc., at a public exhibition of a college; as, to have an appointment.

Appointor (n.) The person who selects the appointee. See Appointee, 2.

Apporter (n.) A bringer in; an importer.

Apportionateness (n.) The quality of being apportioned or in proportion.

Apportioner (n.) One who apportions.

Apportionment (n.) The act of apportioning; a dividing into just proportions or shares; a division or shares; a division and assignment, to each proprietor, of his just portion of an undivided right or property.

Apposer (n.) An examiner; one whose business is to put questions. Formerly, in the English Court of Exchequer, an officer who audited the sheriffs' accounts.

Apposition (n.) The act of adding; application; accretion.

Apposition (n.) The putting of things in juxtaposition, or side by side; also, the condition of being so placed.

Apposition (n.) The state of two nouns or pronouns, put in the same case, without a connecting word between them; as, I admire Cicero, the orator. Here, the second noun explains or characterizes the first.

Appositive (n.) A noun in apposition.

Appraisal (n.) A valuation by an authorized person; an appraisement.

Appraisement (n.) The act of setting the value; valuation by an appraiser; estimation of worth.

Appraiser (n.) One who appraises; esp., a person appointed and sworn to estimate and fix the value of goods or estates.

Apprecation (n.) Earnest prayer; devout wish.

Appreciation (n.) A just valuation or estimate of merit, worth, weight, etc.; recognition of excellence.

Appreciation (n.) Accurate perception; true estimation; as, an appreciation of the difficulties before us; an appreciation of colors.

Appreciation (n.) A rise in value; -- opposed to depreciation.

Appreciativeness (n.) The quality of being appreciative; quick recognition of excellence.

Appreciator (n.) One who appreciates.

Apprehender (n.) One who apprehends.

Apprehensibiity (n.) The quality of being apprehensible.

Apprehension (n.) The act of seizing or taking hold of; seizure; as, the hand is an organ of apprehension.

Apprehension (n.) The act of seizing or taking by legal process; arrest; as, the felon, after his apprehension, escaped.

Apprehension (n.) The act of grasping with the intellect; the contemplation of things, without affirming, denying, or passing any judgment; intellection; perception.

Apprehension (n.) Opinion; conception; sentiment; idea.

Apprehension (n.) The faculty by which ideas are conceived; understanding; as, a man of dull apprehension.

Apprehension (n.) Anticipation, mostly of things unfavorable; distrust or fear at the prospect of future evil.

Apprehensiveness (n.) The quality or state of being apprehensive.

Apprentice (n.) One who is bound by indentures or by legal agreement to serve a mechanic, or other person, for a certain time, with a view to learn the art, or trade, in which his master is bound to instruct him.

Apprentice (n.) One not well versed in a subject; a tyro.

Apprentice (n.) A barrister, considered a learner of law till of sixteen years' standing, when he might be called to the rank of serjeant.

Apprenticeage (n.) Apprenticeship.

Apprenticehood (n.) Apprenticeship.

Apprenticeship (n.) The service or condition of an apprentice; the state in which a person is gaining instruction in a trade or art, under legal agreement.

Apprenticeship (n.) The time an apprentice is serving (sometimes seven years, as from the age of fourteen to twenty-one).

Apprise (n.) Notice; information.

Apprizal (n.) See Appraisal.

Apprizement (n.) Appraisement.

Apprizer (n.) An appraiser.

Apprizer (n.) A creditor for whom an appraisal is made.

Approachability (n.) The quality of being approachable; approachableness.

Approachableness (n.) The quality or state of being approachable; accessibility.

Approacher (n.) One who approaches.

Approaching (n.) The act of ingrafting a sprig or shoot of one tree into another, without cutting it from the parent stock; -- called, also, inarching and grafting by approach.

Approachment (n.) Approach.

Approbation (n.) Proof; attestation.

Approbation (n.) The act of approving; an assenting to the propriety of a thing with some degree of pleasure or satisfaction; approval; sanction; commendation.

Approbation (n.) Probation or novitiate.

Approbativeness (n.) The quality of being approbative.

Approbativeness (n.) Love of approbation.

Approbator (n.) One who approves.

Approof (n.) Trial; proof.

Approof (n.) Approval; commendation.

Appropinquation (n.) A drawing nigh; approach.

Appropinquity (n.) Nearness; propinquity.

Appropriament (n.) What is peculiarly one's own; peculiar qualification.

Appropriate (n.) A property; attribute.

Appropriateness (n.) The state or quality of being appropriate; peculiar fitness.

Appropriation (n.) The act of setting apart or assigning to a particular use or person, or of taking to one's self, in exclusion of all others; application to a special use or purpose, as of a piece of ground for a park, or of money to carry out some object.

Appropriation (n.) Anything, especially money, thus set apart.

Appropriation (n.) The severing or sequestering of a benefice to the perpetual use of a spiritual corporation. Blackstone.

Appropriation (n.) The application of payment of money by a debtor to his creditor, to one of several debts which are due from the former to the latter.

Appropriator (n.) One who appropriates.

Appropriator (n.) A spiritual corporation possessed of an appropriated benefice; also, an impropriator.

Approval (n.) Approbation; sanction.

Approvance (n.) Approval.

Approvement (n.) Approbation.

Approvement (n.) a confession of guilt by a prisoner charged with treason or felony, together with an accusation of his accomplish and a giving evidence against them in order to obtain his own pardon. The term is no longer in use; it corresponded to what is now known as turning king's (or queen's) evidence in England, and state's evidence in the United States.

Approvement (n.) Improvement of common lands, by inclosing and converting them to the uses of husbandry for the advantage of the lord of the manor.

Approver (n.) One who approves. Formerly, one who made proof or trial.

Approver (n.) An informer; an accuser.

Approver (n.) One who confesses a crime and accuses another. See 1st Approvement, 2.

Approximation (n.) The act of approximating; a drawing, advancing or being near; approach; also, the result of approximating.

Approximation (n.) An approach to a correct estimate, calculation, or conception, or to a given quantity, quality, etc.

Approximation (n.) A continual approach or coming nearer to a result; as, to solve an equation by approximation.

Approximation (n.) A value that is nearly but not exactly correct.

Approximator (n.) One who, or that which, approximates.

Appui (n.) A support or supporter; a stay; a prop.

Appulse (n.) A driving or running towards; approach; impulse; also, the act of striking against.

Appulse (n.) The near approach of one heavenly body to another, or to the meridian; a coming into conjunction; as, the appulse of the moon to a star, or of a star to the meridian.

Appulsion (n.) A driving or striking against; an appulse.

Appurtenance (n.) That which belongs to something else; an adjunct; an appendage; an accessory; something annexed to another thing more worthy; in common parlance and legal acceptation, something belonging to another thing as principal, and which passes as incident to it, as a right of way, or other easement to land; a right of common to pasture, an outhouse, barn, garden, or orchard, to a house or messuage. In a strict legal sense, land can never pass as an appurtenance to land.

Appurtenant (n.) Something which belongs or appertains to another thing; an appurtenance.

Aprication (n.) Basking in the sun.

Apricot (n.) A fruit allied to the plum, of an orange color, oval shape, and delicious taste; also, the tree (Prunus Armeniaca of Linnaeus) which bears this fruit. By cultivation it has been introduced throughout the temperate zone.

April (n.) The fourth month of the year.

April (n.) Fig.: With reference to April being the month in which vegetation begins to put forth, the variableness of its weather, etc.

Apriorism (n.) An a priori principle.

Apriority (n.) The quality of being innate in the mind, or prior to experience; a priori reasoning.

Apron (n.) An article of dress, of cloth, leather, or other stuff, worn on the fore part of the body, to keep the clothes clean, to defend them from injury, or as a covering. It is commonly tied at the waist by strings.

Apron (n.) Something which by its shape or use suggests an apron;

Apron (n.) The fat skin covering the belly of a goose or duck.

Apron (n.) A piece of leather, or other material, to be spread before a person riding on an outside seat of a vehicle, to defend him from the rain, snow, or dust; a boot.

Apron (n.) A leaden plate that covers the vent of a cannon.

Apron (n.) A piece of carved timber, just above the foremost end of the keel.

Apron (n.) A platform, or flooring of plank, at the entrance of a dock, against which the dock gates are shut.

Apron (n.) A flooring of plank before a dam to cause the water to make a gradual descent.

Apron (n.) The piece that holds the cutting tool of a planer.

Apron (n.) A strip of lead which leads the drip of a wall into a gutter; a flashing.

Apron (n.) The infolded abdomen of a crab.

Apronful (n.) The quantity an apron can hold.

Apse (n.) A projecting part of a building, esp. of a church, having in the plan a polygonal or semicircular termination, and, most often, projecting from the east end. In early churches the Eastern apse was occupied by seats for the bishop and clergy.

Apse (n.) The bishop's seat or throne, in ancient churches.

Apse (n.) A reliquary, or case in which the relics of saints were kept.

Apsis (n.) One of the two points of an orbit, as of a planet or satellite, which are at the greatest and least distance from the central body, corresponding to the aphelion and perihelion of a planet, or to the apogee and perigee of the moon. The more distant is called the higher apsis; the other, the lower apsis; and the

Apsis (n.) In a curve referred to polar coordinates, any point for which the radius vector is a maximum or minimum.

Apsis (n.) Same as Apse.

Apteran (n.) One of the Aptera.

Apteryx (n.) A genus of New Zealand birds about the size of a hen, with only short rudiments of wings, armed with a claw and without a tail; the kiwi. It is allied to the gigantic extinct moas of the same country. Five species are known.

Aptitude (n.) A natural or acquired disposition or capacity for a particular purpose, or tendency to a particular action or effect; as, oil has an aptitude to burn.

Aptitude (n.) A general fitness or suitableness; adaptation.

Aptitude (n.) Readiness in learning; docility; aptness.

Aptness (n.) Fitness; suitableness; appropriateness; as, the aptness of things to their end.

Aptness (n.) Disposition of the mind; propensity; as, the aptness of men to follow example.

Aptness (n.) Quickness of apprehension; readiness in learning; docility; as, an aptness to learn is more observable in some children than in others.

Aptness (n.) Proneness; tendency; as, the aptness of iron to rust.

Aptote (n.) A noun which has no distinction of cases; an indeclinable noun.

Aptychus (n.) A shelly plate found in the terminal chambers of ammonite shells. Some authors consider them to be jaws; others, opercula.

Apus (n.) A genus of fresh-water phyllopod crustaceans. See Phyllopod.

Apyrexia (n.) Alt. of Apyrexy

Apyrexy (n.) The absence or intermission of fever.

Aqua (n.) Water; -- a word much used in pharmacy and the old chemistry, in various signification, determined by the word or words annexed.

Aquamarine (n.) A transparent, pale green variety of beryl, used as a gem. See Beryl.

Aquapuncture (n.) The introduction of water subcutaneously for the relief of pain.

Aquarelle (n.) A design or painting in thin transparent water colors; also, the mode of painting in such colors.

Aquarellist (n.) A painter in thin transparent water colors.

Aquarian (n.) One of a sect of Christian in the primitive church who used water instead of wine in the Lord's Supper.

Aquarium (n.) An artificial pond, or a globe or tank (usually with glass sides), in which living specimens of aquatic animals or plants are kept.

Aquarius (n.) The Water-bearer; the eleventh sign in the zodiac, which the sun enters about the 20th of January; -- so called from the rains which prevail at that season in Italy and the East.

Aquarius (n.) A constellation south of Pegasus.

Aquatic (n.) An aquatic animal or plant.

Aquatic (n.) Sports or exercises practiced in or on the water.

Aquatint (n.) Alt. of Aquatinta

Aquatinta (n.) A kind of etching in which spaces are bitten by the use of aqua fortis, by which an effect is produced resembling a drawing in water colors or India ink; also, the engraving produced by this method.

Aqueduct (n.) A conductor, conduit, or artificial channel for conveying water, especially one for supplying large cities with water.

Aqueduct (n.) A canal or passage; as, the aqueduct of Sylvius, a channel connecting the third and fourth ventricles of the brain.

Aqueity (n.) Wateriness.

Aqueousness (n.) Wateriness.

Aquila (n.) A genus of eagles.

Aquila (n.) A northern constellation southerly from Lyra and Cygnus and preceding the Dolphin; the Eagle.

Aquilon (n.) The north wind.

Aquosity (n.) The condition of being wet or watery; wateriness.

Ara (n.) The Altar; a southern constellation, south of the tail of the Scorpion.

Ara (n.) A name of the great blue and yellow macaw (Ara ararauna), native of South America.

Arab (n.) One of a swarthy race occupying Arabia, and numerous in Syria, Northern Africa, etc.

Arabesque (n.) A style of ornamentation either painted, inlaid, or carved in low relief. It consists of a pattern in which plants, fruits, foliage, etc., as well as figures of men and animals, real or imaginary, are fantastically interlaced or put together.

Arabian (n.) A native of Arabia; an Arab.

Arabic (n.) The language of the Arabians.

Arabin (n.) A carbohydrate, isomeric with cane sugar, contained in gum arabic, from which it is extracted as a white, amorphous substance.

Arabin (n.) Mucilage, especially that made of gum arabic.

Arabinose (n.) A sugar of the composition C5H10O5, obtained from cherry gum by boiling it with dilute sulphuric acid.

Arabism (n.) An Arabic idiom peculiarly of language.

Arabist (n.) One well versed in the Arabic language or literature; also, formerly, one who followed the Arabic system of surgery.

Arable (n.) Arable land; plow land.

Araby (n.) The country of Arabia.

Aracari (n.) A South American bird, of the genus Pleroglossius, allied to the toucans. There are several species.

Arachnid (n.) An arachnidan.

Arachnidan (n.) One of the Arachnida.

Arachnidium (n.) The glandular organ in which the material for the web of spiders is secreted.

Arachnitis (n.) Inflammation of the arachnoid membrane.

Arachnoid (n.) The arachnoid membrane.

Arachnoid (n.) One of the Arachnoidea.

Arachnologist (n.) One who is versed in, or studies, arachnology.

Arachnology (n.) The department of zoology which treats of spiders and other Arachnida.

Aragonite (n.) A mineral identical in composition with calcite or carbonate of lime, but differing from it in its crystal

Araguato (n.) A South American monkey, the ursine howler (Mycetes ursinus). See Howler, n., 2.

Arak (n.) Same as Arrack.

Aramean (n.) A native of Aram.

Aramaic (n.) The Aramaic language.

Aramaism (n.) An idiom of the Aramaic.

Araneidan (n.) One of the Araneina; a spider.

Arango (n.) A bead of rough carnelian. Arangoes were formerly imported from Bombay for use in the African slave trade.

Arapaima (n.) A large fresh-water food fish of South America.

Arara (n.) The palm (or great black) cockatoo, of Australia (Microglossus aterrimus).

Aration (n.) Plowing; tillage.

Araucaria (n.) A genus of tall conifers of the pine family. The species are confined mostly to South America and Australia. The wood cells differ from those of other in having the dots in their lateral surfaces in two or three rows, and the dots of contiguous rows alternating. The seeds are edible.

Arbalest (n.) Alt. of Arbalist

Arbalist (n.) A crossbow, consisting of a steel bow set in a shaft of wood, furnished with a string and a trigger, and a mechanical device for bending the bow. It served to throw arrows, darts, bullets, etc.

Arbalester (n.) Alt. of Arbalister

Arbalister (n.) A crossbowman.

Arbiter (n.) A person appointed, or chosen, by parties to determine a controversy between them.

Arbiter (n.) Any person who has the power of judging and determining, or ordaining, without control; one whose power of deciding and governing is not limited.

Arbitrage (n.) Judgment by an arbiter; authoritative determination.

Arbitrage (n.) A traffic in bills of exchange (see Arbitration of Exchange); also, a traffic in stocks which bear differing values at the same time in different markets.

Arbitrament (n.) Determination; decision; arbitration.

Arbitrament (n.) The award of arbitrators.

Arbitrariness (n.) The quality of being arbitrary; despoticalness; tyranny.

Arbitration (n.) The hearing and determination of a cause between parties in controversy, by a person or persons chosen by the parties.

Arbitrator (n.) A person, or one of two or more persons, chosen by parties who have a controversy, to determine their differences. See Arbitration.

Arbitrator (n.) One who has the power of deciding or prescribing without control; a ruler; a governor.

Arbitratrix (n.) A female who arbitrates or judges.

Arbitress (n.) A female arbiter; an arbitratrix.

Arblast (n.) A crossbow. See Arbalest.

Arbor (n.) A kind of latticework formed of, or covered with, vines, branches of trees, or other plants, for shade; a bower.

Arbor (n.) A tree, as distinguished from a shrub.

Arbor (n.) An axle or spindle of a wheel or opinion.

Arbor (n.) A mandrel in lathe turning.

Arborator (n.) One who plants or who prunes trees.

Arborescence (n.) The state of being arborescent; the resemblance to a tree in minerals, or crystallizations, or groups of crystals in that form; as, the arborescence produced by precipitating silver.

Arboret (n.) A small tree or shrub.

Arboretum (n.) A place in which a collection of rare trees and shrubs is cultivated for scientific or educational purposes.

Arboriculture (n.) The cultivation of trees and shrubs, chiefly for timber or for ornamental purposes.

Arboriculturist (n.) One who cultivates trees.

Arborist (n.) One who makes trees his study, or who is versed in the knowledge of trees.

Arborization (n.) The appearance or figure of a tree or plant, as in minerals or fossils; a dendrite.

Arbuscle (n.) A dwarf tree, one in size between a shrub and a tree; a treelike shrub.

Arbutus (n.) Alt. of Arbute

Arbute (n.) The strawberry tree, a genus of evergreen shrubs, of the Heath family. It has a berry externally resembling the strawberry; the arbute tree.

Arc (n.) A portion of a curved

Arc (n.) A curvature in the shape of a circular arc or an arch; as, the colored arc (the rainbow); the arc of Hadley's quadrant.

Arc (n.) An arch.

Arc (n.) The apparent arc described, above or below the horizon, by the sun or other celestial body. The diurnal arc is described during the daytime, the nocturnal arc during the night.

Arcade (n.) A series of arches with the columns or piers which support them, the spandrels above, and other necessary appurtenances; sometimes open, serving as an entrance or to give light; sometimes closed at the back (as in the cut) and forming a decorative feature.

Arcade (n.) A long, arched building or gallery.

Arcade (n.) An arched or covered passageway or avenue.

Arcadia (n.) A mountainous and picturesque district of Greece, in the heart of the Peloponnesus, whose people were distinguished for contentment and rural happiness.

Arcadia (n.) Fig.: Any region or scene of simple pleasure and untroubled quiet.

Arcanum (n.) A secret; a mystery; -- generally used in the plural.

Arcanum (n.) A secret remedy; an elixir.

Arcboutant (n.) A flying buttress.

Arch (n.) Any part of a curved

Arch (n.) Usually a curved member made up of separate wedge-shaped solids, with the joints between them disposed in the direction of the radii of the curve; used to support the wall or other weight above an opening. In this sense arches are segmental, round (i. e., semicircular), or pointed.

Arch (n.) A flat arch is a member constructed of stones cut into wedges or other shapes so as to support each other without rising in a curve.

Arch (n.) Any place covered by an arch; an archway; as, to pass into the arch of a bridge.

Arch (n.) Any curvature in the form of an arch; as, the arch of the aorta.

Arch (n.) A chief.

Archaean (n.) The earliest period in geological period, extending up to the Lower Silurian. It includes an Azoic age, previous to the appearance of life, and an Eozoic age, including the earliest forms of life.

Archaeography (n.) A description of, or a treatise on, antiquity or antiquities.

Archaeologian (n.) An archaeologist.

Archaeologist (n.) One versed in archaeology; an antiquary.

Archaeology (n.) The science or study of antiquities, esp. prehistoric antiquities, such as the remains of buildings or monuments of an early epoch, inscriptions, implements, and other relics, written manuscripts, etc.

Archaeopteryx (n.) A fossil bird, of the Jurassic period, remarkable for having a long tapering tail of many vertebrae with feathers along each side, and jaws armed with teeth, with other reptilian characteristics.

Archaist (n.) Am antiquary.

Archaist (n.) One who uses archaisms.

Archangel (n.) A chief angel; one high in the celestial hierarchy.

Archangel (n.) A term applied to several different species of plants (Angelica archangelica, Lamium album, etc.).

Archbishop (n.) A chief bishop; a church dignitary of the first class (often called a metropolitan or primate) who superintends the conduct of the suffragan bishops in his province, and also exercises episcopal authority in his own diocese.

Archbishopric (n.) The jurisdiction or office of an archbishop; the see or province over which archbishop exercises archiepiscopal authority.

Archbutler (n.) A chief butler; -- an officer of the German empire.

Archchamberlain (n.) A chief chamberlain; -- an officer of the old German empire, whose office was similar to that of the great chamberlain in England.

Archchancellor (n.) A chief chancellor; -- an officer in the old German empire, who presided over the secretaries of the court.

Archdeacon (n.) In England, an ecclesiastical dignitary, next in rank below a bishop, whom he assists, and by whom he is appointed, though with independent authority.

Archdeaconry (n.) The district, office, or residence of an archdeacon. See Benefice.

Archdeaconship (n.) The office of an archdeacon.

Archdiocese (n.) The diocese of an archbishop.

Archduchess (n.) The consort of an archduke; also, a princess of the imperial family of Austria. See Archduke.

Archduchy (n.) The territory of an archduke or archduchess.

Archduke (n.) A prince of the imperial family of Austria.

Archdukedom (n.) An archduchy.

Archebiosis (n.) The origination of living matter from non-living. See Abiogenesis.

Archegonium (n.) The pistillidium or female organ in the higher cryptogamic plants, corresponding to the pistil in flowering plants.

Archegony (n.) Spontaneous generation; abiogenesis.

Archelogy (n.) The science of, or a treatise on, first principles.

Archenemy (n.) A principal enemy. Specifically, Satan, the grand adversary of mankind.

Archenteron (n.) The primitive enteron or undifferentiated digestive sac of a gastrula or other embryo. See Illust. under Invagination.

Archer (n.) A bowman, one skilled in the use of the bow and arrow.

Archeress (n.) A female archer.

Archership (n.) The art or skill of an archer.

Archery (n.) The use of the bow and arrows in battle, hunting, etc.; the art, practice, or skill of shooting with a bow and arrows.

Archery (n.) Archers, or bowmen, collectively.

Archetype (n.) The original pattern or model of a work; or the model from which a thing is made or formed.

Archetype (n.) The standard weight or coin by which others are adjusted.

Archetype (n.) The plan or fundamental structure on which a natural group of animals or plants or their systems of organs are assumed to have been constructed; as, the vertebrate archetype.

Archeus (n.) The vital principle or force which (according to the Paracelsians) presides over the growth and continuation of living beings; the anima mundi or plastic power of the old philosophers.

Archiater (n.) Chief physician; -- a term applied, on the continent of Europe, to the first or body physician of princes and to the first physician of some cities.

Archiblastula (n.) A hollow blastula, supposed to be the primitive form; a c/loblastula.

Archiepiscopacy (n.) That form of episcopacy in which the chief power is in the hands of archbishops.

Archiepiscopacy (n.) The state or dignity of an archbishop.

Archiepiscopality (n.) The station or dignity of an archbishop; archiepiscopacy.

Archiepiscopate (n.) The office of an archbishop; an archbishopric.

Archierey (n.) The higher order of clergy in Russia, including metropolitans, archbishops, and bishops.

Archil (n.) A violet dye obtained from several species of lichen (Roccella tinctoria, etc.), which grow on maritime rocks in the Canary and Cape Verd Islands, etc.

Archil (n.) The plant from which the dye is obtained.

Archimage (n.) Alt. of Archimagus

Archimagus (n.) The high priest of the Persian Magi, or worshipers of fire.

Archimagus (n.) A great magician, wizard, or enchanter.

Archimandrite (n.) A chief of a monastery, corresponding to abbot in the Roman Catholic church.

Archimandrite (n.) A superintendent of several monasteries, corresponding to superior abbot, or father provincial, in the Roman Catholic church.

Archimedes (n.) An extinct genus of Bryzoa characteristic of the subcarboniferous rocks. Its form is that of a screw.

Arching (n.) The arched part of a structure.

Arching (n.) Hogging; -- opposed to sagging.

Archipelago (n.) The Grecian Archipelago, or Aegean Sea, separating Greece from Asia Minor. It is studded with a vast number of small islands.

Archipelago (n.) Hence: Any sea or broad sheet of water interspersed with many islands or with a group of islands.

Archipterygium (n.) The primitive form of fin, like that of Ceratodus.

Architect (n.) A person skilled in the art of building; one who understands architecture, or makes it his occupation to form plans and designs of buildings, and to superintend the artificers employed.

Architect (n.) A contriver, designer, or maker.

Architectonic (n.) The science of architecture.

Architectonic (n.) The act of arranging knowledge into a system.

Architectonics (n.) The science of architecture.

Architector (n.) An architect.

Architectress (n.) A female architect.

Architecture (n.) The art or science of building; especially, the art of building houses, churches, bridges, and other structures, for the purposes of civil life; -- often called civil architecture.

Architecture (n.) Construction, in a more general sense; frame or structure; workmanship.

Architeuthis (n.) A genus of gigantic cephalopods, allied to the squids, found esp. in the North Atlantic and about New Zealand.

Architrave (n.) The lower division of an entablature, or that part which rests immediately on the column, esp. in classical architecture. See Column.

Architrave (n.) The group of moldings, or other architectural member, above and on both sides of a door or other opening, especially if square in form.

Archive (n.) The place in which public records or historic documents are kept.

Archive (n.) Public records or documents preserved as evidence of facts; as, the archives of a country or family.

Archivist (n.) A keeper of archives or records.

Archivolt (n.) The architectural member surrounding the curved opening of an arch, corresponding to the architrave in the case of a square opening.

Archivolt (n.) More commonly, the molding or other ornaments with which the wall face of the voussoirs of an arch is charged.

Archlute (n.) Alt. of Archilute

Archilute (n.) A large theorbo, or double-necked lute, formerly in use, having the bass strings doubled with an octave, and the higher strings with a unison.

Archmarshal (n.) The grand marshal of the old German empire, a dignity that to the Elector of Saxony.

Archness (n.) The quality of being arch; cleverness; sly humor free from malice; waggishness.

Archon (n.) One of the chief magistrates in ancient Athens, especially, by preeminence, the first of the nine chief magistrates.

Archonship (n.) The office of an archon.

Archontate (n.) An archon's term of office.

Archprelate (n.) An archbishop or other chief prelate.

Archpresbyter (n.) Same as Archpriest.

Archpresbytery (n.) The absolute dominion of presbytery.

Archpriest (n.) A chief priest; also, a kind of vicar, or a rural dean.

Archprimate (n.) The chief primate.

Archtraitor (n.) A chief or transcendent traitor.

Archtreasurer (n.) A chief treasurer. Specifically, the great treasurer of the German empire.

Archway (n.) A way or passage under an arch.

Archwife (n.) A big, mascu

Arcograph (n.) An instrument for drawing a circular arc without the use of a central point; a cyclograph.

Arctation (n.) Constriction or contraction of some natural passage, as in constipation from inflammation.

Arctic (n.) The arctic circle.

Arctic (n.) A warm waterproof overshoe.

Arcturus (n.) A fixed star of the first magnitude in the constellation Bootes.

Arcuation (n.) The act of bending or curving; incurvation; the state of being bent; crookedness.

Arcuation (n.) A mode of propagating trees by bending branches to the ground, and covering the small shoots with earth; layering.

Arcubalist (n.) A crossbow.

Arcubalister (n.) A crossbowman; one who used the arcubalist.

Arcubus (n.) See Arquebus.

Ardassine (n.) A very fine sort of Persian silk.

Ardency (n.) Heat.

Ardency (n.) Warmth of passion or affection; ardor; vehemence; eagerness; as, the ardency of love or zeal.

Ardentness (n.) Ardency.

Ardor (n.) Heat, in a literal sense; as, the ardor of the sun's rays.

Ardor (n.) Warmth or heat of passion or affection; eagerness; zeal; as, he pursues study with ardor; the fought with ardor; martial ardor.

Ardor (n.) Bright and effulgent spirits; seraphim.

Arduousness (n.) The quality of being arduous; difficulty of execution.

Are (n.) The unit of superficial measure, being a square of which each side is ten meters in length; 100 square meters, or about 119.6 square yards.

Area (n.) Any plane surface, as of the floor of a room or church, or of the ground within an inclosure; an open space in a building.

Area (n.) The inclosed space on which a building stands.

Area (n.) The sunken space or court, giving ingress and affording light to the basement of a building.

Area (n.) An extent of surface; a tract of the earth's surface; a region; as, vast uncultivated areas.

Area (n.) The superficial contents of any figure; the surface included within any given

Area (n.) A spot or small marked space; as, the germinative area.

Area (n.) Extent; scope; range; as, a wide area of thought.

Areca (n.) A genus of palms, one species of which produces the areca nut, or betel nut, which is chewed in India with the leaf of the Piper Betle and lime.

Arefaction (n.) The act of drying, or the state of growing dry.

Arena (n.) The area in the central part of an amphitheater, in which the gladiators fought and other shows were exhibited; -- so called because it was covered with sand.

Arena (n.) Any place of public contest or exertion; any sphere of action; as, the arenaof debate; the arena of life.

Arena (n.) "Sand" or "gravel" in the kidneys.

Arenation (n.) A sand bath; application of hot sand to the body.

Arendator (n.) In some provinces of Russia, one who farms the rents or revenues.

Areng (n.) Alt. of Arenga

Arenga (n.) A palm tree (Saguerus saccharifer) which furnishes sago, wine, and fibers for ropes; the gomuti palm.

Arenicolite (n.) An ancient wormhole in sand, preserved in the rocks.

Areola (n.) An interstice or small space, as between the cracks of the surface in certain crustaceous lichens; or as between the fibers composing organs or vessels that interlace; or as between the nervures of an insect's wing.

Areola (n.) The colored ring around the nipple, or around a vesicle or pustule.

Areolation (n.) Division into areolae.

Areolation (n.) Any small space, bounded by some part different in color or structure, as the spaces bounded by the nervures of the wings of insects, or those by the veins of leaves; an areola.

Areole (n.) Same as Areola.

Areolet (n.) A small inclosed area; esp. one of the small spaces on the wings of insects, circumscribed by the veins.

Areometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the specific gravity of fluids; a form hydrometer.

Areometry (n.) The art or process of measuring the specific gravity of fluids.

Areopagist (n.) See Areopagite.

Areopagite (n.) A member of the Areopagus.

Areopagus (n.) The highest judicial court at Athens. Its sessions were held on Mars' Hill. Hence, any high court or tribunal

Arest (n.) A support for the spear when couched for the attack.

Aretaics (n.) The ethical theory which excludes all relations between virtue and happiness; the science of virtue; -- contrasted with eudemonics.

Aretology (n.) That part of moral philosophy which treats of virtue, its nature, and the means of attaining to it.

Argal (n.) Crude tartar. See Argol.

Argal (n.) Alt. of Argali

Argali (n.) A species of wild sheep (Ovis ammon, or O. argali), remarkable for its large horns. It inhabits the mountains of Siberia and central Asia.

Argala (n.) The adjutant bird.

Argas (n.) A genus of venomous ticks which attack men and animals. The famous Persian Argas, also called Miana bug, is A. Persicus; that of Central America, called talaje by the natives, is A. Talaje.

Argent (n.) Silver, or money.

Argent (n.) Whiteness; anything that is white.

Argent (n.) The white color in coats of arms, intended to represent silver, or, figuratively, purity, innocence, beauty, or gentleness; -- represented in engraving by a plain white surface.

Argentan (n.) An alloy of nickel with copper and zinc; German silver.

Argentation (n.) A coating or overlaying with silver.

Argentine (n.) A siliceous variety of calcite, or carbonate of lime, having a silvery-white, pearly luster, and a waving or curved lamellar structure.

Argentine (n.) White metal coated with silver.

Argentine (n.) A fish of Europe (Maurolicus Pennantii) with silvery scales. The name is also applied to various fishes of the genus Argentina.

Argentine (n.) A citizen of the Argentine Republic.

Argentite (n.) Sulphide of silver; -- also called vitreous silver, or silver glance. It has a metallic luster, a lead-gray color, and is sectile like lead.

Argentry (n.) Silver plate or vessels.

Argil (n.) Clay, or potter's earth; sometimes pure clay, or alumina. See Clay.

Argillite (n.) Argillaceous schist or slate; clay slate. Its colors is bluish or blackish gray, sometimes greenish gray, brownish red, etc.

Argive (n.) A native of Argos. Often used as a generic term, equivalent to Grecian or Greek.

Argo (n.) The name of the ship which carried Jason and his fifty-four companions to Colchis, in quest of the Golden Fleece.

Argo (n.) A large constellation in the southern hemisphere, called also Argo Navis. In modern astronomy it is replaced by its three divisions, Carina, Puppis, and Vela.

Argoile (n.) Potter's clay.

Argol (n.) Crude tartar; an acidulous salt from which cream of tartar is prepared. It exists in the juice of grapes, and is deposited from wines on the sides of the casks.

Argon (n.) A substance regarded as an element, contained in the atmosphere and remarkable for its chemical inertness.

Argonaut (n.) Any one of the legendary Greek heroes who sailed with Jason, in the Argo, in quest of the Golden Fleece.

Argonaut (n.) A cephalopod of the genus Argonauta.

Argonauta (n.) A genus of Cephalopoda. The shell is called paper nautilus or paper sailor.

Argosy (n.) A large ship, esp. a merchant vessel of the largest size.

Argot (n.) A secret language or conventional slang peculiar to thieves, tramps, and vagabonds; flash.

Arguer (n.) One who argues; a reasoner; a disputant.

Argulus (n.) A genus of copepod Crustacea, parasitic of fishes; a fish louse. See Branchiura.

Argument (n.) Proof; evidence.

Argument (n.) A reason or reasons offered in proof, to induce belief, or convince the mind; reasoning expressed in words; as, an argument about, concerning, or regarding a proposition, for or in favor of it, or against it.

Argument (n.) A process of reasoning, or a controversy made up of rational proofs; argumentation; discussion; disputation.

Argument (n.) The subject matter of a discourse, writing, or artistic representation; theme or topic; also, an abstract or summary, as of the contents of a book, chapter, poem.

Argument (n.) Matter for question; business in hand.

Argument (n.) The quantity on which another quantity in a table depends; as, the altitude is the argument of the refraction.

Argument (n.) The independent variable upon whose value that of a function depends.

Argumentation (n.) The act of forming reasons, making inductions, drawing conclusions, and applying them to the case in discussion; the operation of inferring propositions, not known or admitted as true, from facts or principles known, admitted, or proved to be true.

Argumentation (n.) Debate; discussion.

Argus (n.) A fabulous being of antiquity, said to have had a hundred eyes, who has placed by Juno to guard Io. His eyes were transplanted to the peacock's tail.

Argus (n.) One very vigilant; a guardian always watchful.

Argus (n.) A genus of East Indian pheasants. The common species (A. giganteus) is remarkable for the great length and beauty of the wing and tail feathers of the male. The species A. Grayi inhabits Borneo.

Argutation (n.) Caviling; subtle disputation.

Arguteness (n.) Acuteness.

Aria (n.) An air or song; a melody; a tune.

Arian (n.) One who adheres to or believes the doctrines of Arius.

Arianism (n.) The doctrines of the Arians.

Aricine (n.) An alkaloid, first found in white cinchona bark.

Aridity (n.) The state or quality of being arid or without moisture; dryness.

Aridity (n.) Fig.: Want of interest of feeling; insensibility; dryness of style or feeling; spiritual drought.

Aridness (n.) Aridity; dryness.

Aries (n.) The Ram; the first of the twelve signs in the zodiac, which the sun enters at the vernal equinox, about the 21st of March.

Aries (n.) A constellation west of Taurus, drawn on the celestial globe in the figure of a ram.

Aries (n.) A battering-ram.

Arietation (n.) The act of butting like a ram; act of using a battering-ram.

Arietation (n.) Act of striking or conflicting.

Arietta (n.) Alt. of Ariette

Ariette (n.) A short aria, or air.

Aril (n.) Alt. of Arillus

Arillus (n.) A exterior covering, forming a false coat or appendage to a seed, as the loose, transparent bag inclosing the seed or the white water lily. The mace of the nutmeg is also an aril.

Ariman (n.) See Ahriman.

Ariolation (n.) A soothsaying; a foretelling.

Arise (n.) Rising.

Arista (n.) An awn.

Aristarch (n.) A severe critic.

Aristarchy (n.) Severely criticism.

Aristarchy (n.) Severe criticism.

Aristocracy (n.) Government by the best citizens.

Aristocracy (n.) A ruling body composed of the best citizens.

Aristocracy (n.) A form a government, in which the supreme power is vested in the principal persons of a state, or in a privileged order; an oligarchy.

Aristocracy (n.) The nobles or chief persons in a state; a privileged class or patrician order; (in a popular use) those who are regarded as superior to the rest of the community, as in rank, fortune, or intellect.

Aristocrat (n.) One of the aristocracy or people of rank in a community; one of a ruling class; a noble.

Aristocrat (n.) One who is overbearing in his temper or habits; a proud or haughty person.

Aristocrat (n.) One who favors an aristocracy as a form of government, or believes the aristocracy should govern.

Aristocratism (n.) The principles of aristocrats.

Aristocratism (n.) Aristocrats, collectively.

Aristology (n.) The science of dining.

Aristotelian (n.) A follower of Aristotle; a Peripatetic. See Peripatetic.

Arithmancy (n.) Divination by means of numbers.

Arithmetic (n.) The science of numbers; the art of computation by figures.

Arithmetic (n.) A book containing the principles of this science.

Arithmetician (n.) One skilled in arithmetic.

Arithmomancy (n.) Arithmancy.

Arithmometer (n.) A calculating machine.

Ark (n.) A chest, or coffer.

Ark (n.) The oblong chest of acacia wood, overlaid with gold, which supported the mercy seat with its golden cherubs, and occupied the most sacred place in the sanctuary. In it Moses placed the two tables of stone containing the ten commandments. Called also the Ark of the Covenant.

Ark (n.) The large, chestlike vessel in which Noah and his family were preserved during the Deluge. Gen. vi. Hence: Any place of refuge.

Ark (n.) A large flatboat used on Western American rivers to transport produce to market.

Arm (n.) The limb of the human body which extends from the shoulder to the hand; also, the corresponding limb of a monkey.

Arm (n.) Anything resembling an arm

Arm (n.) The fore limb of an animal, as of a bear.

Arm (n.) A limb, or locomotive or prehensile organ, of an invertebrate animal.

Arm (n.) A branch of a tree.

Arm (n.) A slender part of an instrument or machine, projecting from a trunk, axis, or fulcrum; as, the arm of a steelyard.

Arm (n.) The end of a yard; also, the part of an anchor which ends in the fluke.

Arm (n.) An inlet of water from the sea.

Arm (n.) A support for the elbow, at the side of a chair, the end of a sofa, etc.

Arm (n.) Fig.: Power; might; strength; support; as, the secular arm; the arm of the law.

Arm (n.) A branch of the military service; as, the cavalry arm was made efficient.

Arm (n.) A weapon of offense or defense; an instrument of warfare; -- commonly in the pl.

Armadillo (n.) Any edentate animal if the family Dasypidae, peculiar to America. The body and head are incased in an armor composed of small bony plates. The armadillos burrow in the earth, seldom going abroad except at night. When attacked, they curl up into a ball, presenting the armor on all sides. Their flesh is good food. There are several species, one of which (the peba) is found as far north as Texas. See Peba, Poyou, Tatouay.

Armadillo (n.) A genus of small isopod Crustacea that can roll themselves into a ball.

Armado (n.) Armada.

Armament (n.) A body of forces equipped for war; -- used of a land or naval force.

Armament (n.) All the cannon and small arms collectively, with their equipments, belonging to a ship or a fortification.

Armament (n.) Any equipment for resistance.

Armamentary (n.) An armory; a magazine or arsenal.

Armature (n.) Armor; whatever is worn or used for the protection and defense of the body, esp. the protective outfit of some animals and plants.

Armature (n.) A piece of soft iron used to connect the two poles of a magnet, or electro-magnet, in order to complete the circuit, or to receive and apply the magnetic force. In the ordinary horseshoe magnet, it serves to prevent the dissipation of the magnetic force.

Armature (n.) Iron bars or framing employed for the consolidation of a building, as in sustaining slender columns, holding up canopies, etc.

Armchair (n.) A chair with arms to support the elbows or forearms.

Armenian (n.) A native or one of the people of Armenia; also, the language of the Armenians.

Armenian (n.) An adherent of the Armenian Church, an organization similar in some doctrines and practices to the Greek Church, in others to the Roman Catholic.

Armet (n.) A kind of helmet worn in the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries.

Armful (n.) As much as the arm can hold.

Armhole (n.) The cavity under the shoulder; the armpit.

Armhole (n.) A hole for the arm in a garment.

Armiger (n.) Formerly, an armor bearer, as of a knight, an esquire who bore his shield and rendered other services. In later use, one next in degree to a knight, and entitled to armorial bearings. The term is now superseded by esquire.

Armil (n.) A bracelet.

Armil (n.) An ancient astronomical instrument.

Armilla (n.) An armil.

Armilla (n.) A ring of hair or feathers on the legs.

Armillary (n.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a bracelet or ring; consisting of rings or circles.

Arming (n.) The act of furnishing with, or taking, arms.

Arming (n.) A piece of tallow placed in a cavity at the lower end of a sounding lead, to bring up the sand, shells, etc., of the sea bottom.

Arming (n.) Red dress cloths formerly hung fore and aft outside of a ship's upper works on holidays.

Arminian (n.) One who holds the tenets of Arminius, a Dutch divine (b. 1560, d. 1609).

Arminianism (n.) The religious doctrines or tenets of the Arminians.

Armipotence (n.) Power in arms.

Armistice (n.) A cessation of arms for a short time, by convention; a temporary suspension of hostilities by agreement; a truce.

Armlet (n.) A small arm; as, an armlet of the sea.

Armlet (n.) An arm ring; a bracelet for the upper arm.

Armlet (n.) Armor for the arm.

Armor (n.) Defensive arms for the body; any clothing or covering worn to protect one's person in battle.

Armor (n.) Steel or iron covering, whether of ships or forts, protecting them from the fire of artillery.

Armor-bearer (n.) One who carries the armor or arms of another; an armiger.

Armorer (n.) One who makes or repairs armor or arms.

Armorer (n.) Formerly, one who had care of the arms and armor of a knight, and who dressed him in armor.

Armorer (n.) One who has the care of arms and armor, cleans or repairs them, etc.

Armorican (n.) The language of the Armoricans, a Celtic dialect which has remained to the present times.

Armorican (n.) A native of Armorica.

Armorist (n.) One skilled in coat armor or heraldry.

Armory (n.) A place where arms and instruments of war are deposited for safe keeping.

Armory (n.) Armor; defensive and offensive arms.

Armory (n.) A manufactory of arms, as rifles, muskets, pistols, bayonets, swords.

Armory (n.) Ensigns armorial; armorial bearings.

Armory (n.) That branch of heraldry which treats of coat armor.

Armozeen (n.) Alt. of Armozine

Armozine (n.) A thick plain silk, generally black, and used for clerical.

Armpit (n.) The hollow beneath the junction of the arm and shoulder; the axilla.

Armrack (n.) A frame, generally vertical, for holding small arms.

Arms (n.) Instruments or weapons of offense or defense.

Arms (n.) The deeds or exploits of war; military service or science.

Arms (n.) Anything which a man takes in his hand in anger, to strike or assault another with; an aggressive weapon.

Arms (n.) The ensigns armorial of a family, consisting of figures and colors borne in shields, banners, etc., as marks of dignity and distinction, and descending from father to son.

Arms (n.) The legs of a hawk from the thigh to the foot.

Armure (n.) Armor.

Armure (n.) A variety of twilled fabric ribbed on the surface.

Army (n.) A collection or body of men armed for war, esp. one organized in companies, battalions, regiments, brigades, and divisions, under proper officers.

Army (n.) A body of persons organized for the advancement of a cause; as, the Blue Ribbon Army.

Army (n.) A great number; a vast multitude; a host.

Arna (n.) Alt. of Arnee

Arnee (n.) The wild buffalo of India (Bos, or Bubalus, arni), larger than the domestic buffalo and having enormous horns.

Arnatto (n.) See Annotto.

Arnica (n.) A genus of plants; also, the most important species (Arnica montana), native of the mountains of Europe, used in medicine as a narcotic and stimulant.

Arnicin (n.) An active principle of Arnica montana. It is a bitter resin.

Arnicine (n.) An alkaloid obtained from the arnica plant.

Arnot (n.) Alt. of Arnut

Arnut (n.) The earthnut.

Arnotto (n.) Same as Annotto.

Aroma (n.) The quality or principle of plants or other substances which constitutes their fragrance; agreeable odor; as, the aroma of coffee.

Aroma (n.) Fig.: The fine diffusive quality of intellectual power; flavor; as, the subtile aroma of genius.

Aromatic (n.) A plant, drug, or medicine, characterized by a fragrant smell, and usually by a warm, pungent taste, as ginger, cinnamon, spices.

Aromatization (n.) The act of impregnating or secting with aroma.

Aromatizer (n.) One who, or that which, aromatizes or renders aromatic.

Aroph (n.) A barbarous word used by the old chemists to designate various medical remedies.

Arousal (n.) The act of arousing, or the state of being aroused.

Arpeggio (n.) The production of the tones of a chord in rapid succession, as in playing the harp, and not simultaneously; a strain thus played.

Arpent (n.) Alt. of Arpen

Arpen (n.) Formerly, a measure of land in France, varying in different parts of the country. The arpent of Paris was 4,088 sq. yards, or nearly five sixths of an English acre. The woodland arpent was about 1 acre, 1 rood, 1 perch, English.

Arpentator (n.) The Anglicized form of the French arpenteur, a land surveyor.

Arpine (n.) An arpent.

Arquebus (n.) Alt. of Arquebuse

Arquebuse (n.) A sort of hand gun or firearm a contrivance answering to a trigger, by which the burning match was applied. The musket was a later invention.

Arquebusade (n.) The shot of an arquebus.

Arquebusade (n.) A distilled water from a variety of aromatic plants, as rosemary, millefoil, etc.; -- originally used as a vulnerary in gunshot wounds.

Arquebusier (n.) A soldier armed with an arquebus.

Arquifoux (n.) Same as Alquifou.

Arrach (n.) See Orach.

Arrack (n.) A name in the East Indies and the Indian islands for all ardent spirits. Arrack is often distilled from a fermented mixture of rice, molasses, and palm wine of the cocoanut tree or the date palm, etc.

Arragonite (n.) See Aragonite.

Arraign (n.) Arraignment; as, the clerk of the arraigns.

Arraigner (n.) One who arraigns.

Arraignment (n.) The act of arraigning, or the state of being arraigned; the act of calling and setting a prisoner before a court to answer to an indictment or complaint.

Arraignment (n.) A calling to an account to faults; accusation.

Arrangement (n.) The act of arranging or putting in an orderly condition; the state of being arranged or put in order; disposition in suitable form.

Arrangement (n.) The manner or result of arranging; system of parts disposed in due order; regular and systematic classification; as, arrangement of one's dress; the Linnaean arrangement of plants.

Arrangement (n.) Preparatory proceeding or measure; preparation; as, we have made arrangement for receiving company.

Arrangement (n.) Settlement; adjustment by agreement; as, the parties have made an arrangement between themselves concerning their disputes; a satisfactory arrangement.

Arrangement (n.) The adaptation of a composition to voices or instruments for which it was not originally written.

Arrangement (n.) A piece so adapted; a transcription; as, a pianoforte arrangement of Beethoven's symphonies; an orchestral arrangement of a song, an opera, or the like.

Arranger (n.) One who arranges.

Arras (n.) Tapestry; a rich figured fabric; especially, a screen or hangings of heavy cloth with interwoven figures.

Arrasene (n.) A material of wool or silk used for working the figures in embroidery.

Arrastre (n.) A rude apparatus for pulverizing ores, esp. those containing free gold.

Array (n.) Order; a regular and imposing arrangement; disposition in regular

Array (n.) The whole body of persons thus placed in order; an orderly collection; hence, a body of soldiers.

Array (n.) An imposing series of things.

Array (n.) Dress; garments disposed in order upon the person; rich or beautiful apparel.

Array (n.) A ranking or setting forth in order, by the proper officer, of a jury as impaneled in a cause.

Array (n.) The panel itself.

Array (n.) The whole body of jurors summoned to attend the court.

Array (n.) To place or dispose in order, as troops for battle; to marshal.

Array (n.) To deck or dress; to adorn with dress; to cloth to envelop; -- applied esp. to dress of a splendid kind.

Array (n.) To set in order, as a jury, for the trial of a cause; that is, to call them man by man.

Arrayer (n.) One who arrays. In some early English statutes, applied to an officer who had care of the soldiers' armor, and who saw them duly accoutered.

Arrear (n.) That which is behind in payment, or which remains unpaid, though due; esp. a remainder, or balance which remains due when some part has been paid; arrearage; -- commonly used in the plural, as, arrears of rent, wages, or taxes.

Arrearage (n.) That which remains unpaid and overdue, after payment of a part; arrears.

Arrectary (n.) An upright beam.

Arreption (n.) The act of taking away.

Arrestation (n.) Arrest.

Arrester (n.) One who arrests.

Arrester (n.) The person at whose suit an arrestment is made.

Arrestment (n.) The arrest of a person, or the seizure of his effects; esp., a process by which money or movables in the possession of a third party are attached.

Arrestment (n.) A stoppage or check.

Arret (n.) A judgment, decision, or decree of a court or high tribunal; also, a decree of a sovereign.

Arret (n.) An arrest; a legal seizure.

Arrhytmy (n.) Want of rhythm.

Arriere (n.) "That which is behind"; the rear; -- chiefly used as an adjective in the sense of behind, rear, subordinate.

Arriere-ban (n.) A proclamation, as of the French kings, calling not only their immediate feudatories, but the vassals of these feudatories, to take the field for war; also, the body of vassals called or liable to be called to arms, as in ancient France.

Arris (n.) The sharp edge or salient angle formed by two surfaces meeting each other, whether plane or curved; -- applied particularly to the edges in moldings, and to the raised edges which separate the flutings in a Doric column.

Arrish (n.) The stubble of wheat or grass; a stubble field; eddish.

Arrival (n.) The act of arriving, or coming; the act of reaching a place from a distance, whether by water (as in its original sense) or by land.

Arrival (n.) The attainment or reaching of any object, by effort, or in natural course; as, our arrival at this conclusion was wholly unexpected.

Arrival (n.) The person or thing arriving or which has arrived; as, news brought by the last arrival.

Arrival (n.) An approach.

Arrivance (n.) Arrival.

Arrive (n.) Arrival.

Arriver (n.) One who arrives.

Arroba (n.) A Spanish weight used in Mexico and South America = 25.36 lbs. avoir.; also, an old Portuguese weight, used in Brazil = 32.38 lbs. avoir.

Arroba (n.) A Spanish liquid measure for wine = 3.54 imp. gallons, and for oil = 2.78 imp. gallons.

Arrogance (n.) The act or habit of arrogating, or making undue claims in an overbearing manner; that species of pride which consists in exorbitant claims of rank, dignity, estimation, or power, or which exalts the worth or importance of the person to an undue degree; proud contempt of others; lord

Arrogancy (n.) Arrogance.

Arrogantness (n.) Arrogance.

Arrogation (n.) The act of arrogating, or making exorbitant claims; the act of taking more than one is justly entitled to.

Arrogation (n.) Adoption of a person of full age.

Arrondissement (n.) A subdivision of a department.

Arrosion (n.) A gnawing.

Arrow (n.) A missile weapon of offense, slender, pointed, and usually feathered and barbed, to be shot from a bow.

Arrow grass (n.) An herbaceous grasslike plant (Triglochin palustre, and other species) with pods opening so as to suggest barbed arrowheads.

Arrowhead (n.) The head of an arrow.

Arrowhead (n.) An aquatic plant of the genus Sagittaria, esp. S. sagittifolia, -- named from the shape of the leaves.

Arrowroot (n.) A west Indian plant of the genus Maranta, esp. M. arundinacea, now cultivated in many hot countries. It said that the Indians used the roots to neutralize the venom in wounds made by poisoned arrows.

Arrowroot (n.) A nutritive starch obtained from the rootstocks of Maranta arundinacea, and used as food, esp. for children an invalids; also, a similar starch obtained from other plants, as various species of Maranta and Curcuma.

Arrowwood (n.) A shrub (Viburnum dentatum) growing in damp woods and thickets; -- so called from the long, straight, slender shoots.

Arrowworm (n.) A peculiar transparent worm of the genus Sagitta, living at the surface of the sea. See Sagitta.

Arroyo (n.) A water course; a rivulet.

Arroyo (n.) The dry bed of a small stream.

Arschin (n.) See Arshine.

Arse (n.) The buttocks, or hind part of an animal; the posteriors; the fundament; the bottom.

Arsenal (n.) A public establishment for the storage, or for the manufacture and storage, of arms and all military equipments, whether for land or naval service.

Arsenate (n.) A salt of arsenic acid.

Arseniate (n.) See Arsenate.

Arsenic (n.) One of the elements, a solid substance resembling a metal in its physical properties, but in its chemical relations ranking with the nonmetals. It is of a steel-gray color and brilliant luster, though usually dull from tarnish. It is very brittle, and sublimes at 356! Fahrenheit. It is sometimes found native, but usually combined with silver, cobalt, nickel, iron, antimony, or sulphur. Orpiment and realgar are two of its sulphur compounds, the first of which is the true arsenic>

Arsenic (n.) Arsenious oxide or arsenious anhydride; -- called also arsenious acid, white arsenic, and ratsbane.

Arsenicism (n.) A diseased condition produced by slow poisoning with arsenic.

Arsenide (n.) A compound of arsenic with a metal, or positive element or radical; -- formerly called arseniuret.

Arsenite (n.) A salt formed by the union of arsenious acid with a base.

Arseniuret (n.) See Arsenide.

Arsenopyrite (n.) A mineral of a tin-white color and metallic luster, containing arsenic, sulphur, and iron; -- also called arsenical pyrites and mispickel.

Arsesmart (n.) Smartweed; water pepper.

Arshine (n.) A Russian measure of length = 2 ft. 4.246 inches.

Arsine (n.) A compound of arsenic and hydrogen, AsH3, a colorless and exceedingly poisonous gas, having an odor like garlic; arseniureted hydrogen.

Arsis (n.) That part of a foot where the ictus is put, or which is distinguished from the rest (known as the thesis) of the foot by a greater stress of voice.

Arsis (n.) That elevation of voice now called metrical accentuation, or the rhythmic accent.

Arsis (n.) The elevation of the hand, or that part of the bar at which it is raised, in beating time; the weak or unaccented part of the bar; -- opposed to thesis.

Arsmetrike (n.) Arithmetic.

Arson (n.) The malicious burning of a dwelling house or outhouse of another man, which by the common law is felony; the malicious and voluntary firing of a building or ship.

Art (n.) The employment of means to accomplish some desired end; the adaptation of things in the natural world to the uses of life; the application of knowledge or power to practical purposes.

Art (n.) A system of rules serving to facilitate the performance of certain actions; a system of principles and rules for attaining a desired end; method of doing well some special work; -- often contradistinguished from science or speculative principles; as, the art of building or engraving; the art of war; the art of navigation.

Art (n.) The systematic application of knowledge or skill in effecting a desired result. Also, an occupation or business requiring such knowledge or skill.

Art (n.) The application of skill to the production of the beautiful by imitation or design, or an occupation in which skill is so employed, as in painting and sculpture; one of the fine arts; as, he prefers art to literature.

Art (n.) Those branches of learning which are taught in the academical course of colleges; as, master of arts.

Art (n.) Learning; study; applied knowledge, science, or letters.

Art (n.) Skill, dexterity, or the power of performing certain actions, acquired by experience, study, or observation; knack; as, a man has the art of managing his business to advantage.

Art (n.) Skillful plan; device.

Art (n.) Cunning; artifice; craft.

Art (n.) The black art; magic.

Artemia (n.) A genus of phyllopod Crustacea found in salt lakes and brines; the brine shrimp. See Brine shrimp.

Artemisia (n.) A genus of plants including the plants called mugwort, southernwood, and wormwood. Of these A. absinthium, or common wormwood, is well known, and A. tridentata is the sage brush of the Rocky Mountain region.

Arterialization (n.) The process of converting venous blood into arterial blood during its passage through the lungs, oxygen being absorbed and carbonic acid evolved; -- called also aeration and hematosis.

Arteriography (n.) A systematic description of the arteries.

Arteriole (n.) A small artery.

Arteriology (n.) That part of anatomy which treats of arteries.

Arteriotomy (n.) The opening of an artery, esp. for bloodletting.

Arteriotomy (n.) That part of anatomy which treats of the dissection of the arteries.

Arteritis (n.) Inflammation of an artery or arteries.

Artery (n.) The trachea or windpipe.

Artery (n.) One of the vessels or tubes which carry either venous or arterial blood from the heart. They have tricker and more muscular walls than veins, and are connected with them by capillaries.

Artery (n.) Hence: Any continuous or ramified channel of communication; as, arteries of trade or commerce.

Artfulness (n.) The quality of being artful; art; cunning; craft.

Arthritis (n.) Any inflammation of the joints, particularly the gout.

Arthroderm (n.) The external covering of an Arthropod.

Arthrodia (n.) A form of diarthrodial articulation in which the articular surfaces are nearly flat, so that they form only an imperfect ball and socket.

Arthrodynia (n.) An affection characterized by pain in or about a joint, not dependent upon structural disease.

Arthrography (n.) The description of joints.

Arthrology (n.) That part of anatomy which treats of joints.

Arthromere (n.) One of the body segments of Arthropods. See Arthrostraca.

Arthropleura (n.) The side or limb-bearing portion of an arthromere.

Arthropod (n.) One of the Arthropoda.

Arthrosis (n.) Articulation.

Artichoke (n.) The Cynara scolymus, a plant somewhat resembling a thistle, with a dilated, imbricated, and prickly involucre. The head (to which the name is also applied) is composed of numerous oval scales, inclosing the florets, sitting on a broad receptacle, which, with the fleshy base of the scales, is much esteemed as an article of food.

Artichoke (n.) See Jerusalem artichoke.

Article (n.) A distinct portion of an instrument, discourse, literary work, or any other writing, consisting of two or more particulars, or treating of various topics; as, an article in the Constitution. Hence: A clause in a contract, system of regulations, treaty, or the like; a term, condition, or stipulation in a contract; a concise statement; as, articles of agreement.

Article (n.) A literary composition, forming an independent portion of a magazine, newspaper, or cyclopedia.

Article (n.) Subject; matter; concern; distinct.

Article (n.) A distinct part.

Article (n.) A particular one of various things; as, an article of merchandise; salt is a necessary article.

Article (n.) Precise point of time; moment.

Article (n.) One of the three words, a, an, the, used before nouns to limit or define their application. A (or an) is called the indefinite article, the the definite article.

Article (n.) One of the segments of an articulated appendage.

Article (n.) To formulate in articles; to set forth in distinct particulars.

Article (n.) To accuse or charge by an exhibition of articles.

Article (n.) To bind by articles of covenant or stipulation; as, to article an apprentice to a mechanic.

Articular (n.) Of or pertaining to the joints; as, an articular disease; an articular process.

Articular (n.) Alt. of Articulary

Articulary (n.) A bone in the base of the lower jaw of many birds, reptiles, amphibians, and fishes.

Articulate (n.) An animal of the subkingdom Articulata.

Articulateness (n.) Quality of being articulate.

Articulation (n.) A joint or juncture between bones in the skeleton.

Articulation (n.) The connection of the parts of a plant by joints, as in pods.

Articulation (n.) One of the nodes or joints, as in cane and maize.

Articulation (n.) One of the parts intercepted between the joints; also, a subdivision into parts at regular or irregular intervals as a result of serial intermission in growth, as in the cane, grasses, etc.

Articulation (n.) The act of putting together with a joint or joints; any meeting of parts in a joint.

Articulation (n.) The state of being jointed; connection of parts.

Articulation (n.) The utterance of the elementary sounds of a language by the appropriate movements of the organs, as in pronunciation; as, a distinct articulation.

Articulation (n.) A sound made by the vocal organs; an articulate utterance or an elementary sound, esp. a consonant.

Articulator (n.) One who, or that which, articulates; as: (a) One who enunciates distinctly. (b) One who prepares and mounts skeletons. (c) An instrument to cure stammering.

Articulus (n.) A joint of the cirri of the Crinoidea; a joint or segment of an arthropod appendage.

Artifice (n.) A handicraft; a trade; art of making.

Artifice (n.) Workmanship; a skillfully contrived work.

Artifice (n.) Artful or skillful contrivance.

Artifice (n.) Crafty device; an artful, ingenious, or elaborate trick. [Now the usual meaning.]

Artificer (n.) An artistic worker; a mechanic or manufacturer; one whose occupation requires skill or knowledge of a particular kind, as a silversmith.

Artificer (n.) One who makes or contrives; a deviser, inventor, or framer.

Artificer (n.) A cunning or artful fellow.

Artificer (n.) A military mechanic, as a blacksmith, carpenter, etc.; also, one who prepares the shells, fuses, grenades, etc., in a military laboratory.

Artificiality (n.) The quality or appearance of being artificial; that which is artificial.

Artificialness (n.) The quality of being artificial.

Artillerist (n.) A person skilled in artillery or gunnery; a gunner; an artilleryman.

Artillery (n.) Munitions of war; implements for warfare, as slings, bows, and arrows.

Artillery (n.) Cannon; great guns; ordnance, including guns, mortars, howitzers, etc., with their equipment of carriages, balls, bombs, and shot of all kinds.

Artillery (n.) The men and officers of that branch of the army to which the care and management of artillery are confided.

Artillery (n.) The science of artillery or gunnery.

Artilleryman (n.) A man who manages, or assists in managing, a large gun in firing.

Artiodactyle (n.) One of the Artiodactyla.

Artisan (n.) One who professes and practices some liberal art; an artist.

Artisan (n.) One trained to manual dexterity in some mechanic art or trade; and handicraftsman; a mechanic.

Artist (n.) One who practices some mechanic art or craft; an artisan.

Artist (n.) One who professes and practices an art in which science and taste preside over the manual execution.

Artist (n.) One who shows trained skill or rare taste in any manual art or occupation.

Artist (n.) An artful person; a schemer.

Artiste (n.) One peculiarly dexterous and tasteful in almost any employment, as an opera dancer, a hairdresser, a cook.

Artistry (n.) Works of art collectively.

Artistry (n.) Artistic effect or quality.

Artistry (n.) Artistic pursuits; artistic ability.

Artlessness (n.) The quality of being artless, or void of art or guile; simplicity; sincerity.

Artotype (n.) A kind of autotype.

Artotyrite (n.) One of a sect in the primitive church, who celebrated the Lord's Supper with bread and cheese, alleging that the first oblations of men not only of the fruit of the earth, but of their flocks. [Gen. iv. 3, 4.]

Artsman (n.) A man skilled in an art or in arts.

Arum (n.) A genus of plants found in central Europe and about the Mediterranean, having flowers on a spadix inclosed in a spathe. The cuckoopint of the English is an example.

Aruspex (n.) One of the class of diviners among the Etruscans and Romans, who foretold events by the inspection of the entrails of victims offered on the altars of the gods.

Aruspice (n.) A soothsayer of ancient Rome. Same as Aruspex.

Aruspicy (n.) Prognostication by inspection of the entrails of victims slain sacrifice.

Arval (n.) A funeral feast.

Arvicole (n.) A mouse of the genus Arvicola; the meadow mouse. There are many species.

Aryan (n.) One of a primitive people supposed to have lived in prehistoric times, in Central Asia, east of the Caspian Sea, and north of the Hindoo Koosh and Paropamisan Mountains, and to have been the stock from which sprang the Hindoo, Persian, Greek, Latin, Celtic, Teutonic, Slavonic, and other races; one of that ethnological division of mankind called also Indo-European or Indo-Germanic.

Aryan (n.) The language of the original Aryans.

As (n.) An ace.

As (n.) A Roman weight, answering to the libra or pound, equal to nearly eleven ounces Troy weight. It was divided into twelve ounces.

As (n.) A Roman copper coin, originally of a pound weight (12 oz.); but reduced, after the first Punic war, to two ounces; in the second Punic war, to one ounce; and afterwards to half an ounce.

Asa (n.) An ancient name of a gum.

Asafetida (n.) Alt. of Asafoetida

Asafoetida (n.) The fetid gum resin or inspissated juice of a large umbelliferous plant (Ferula asafoetida) of Persia and the East Indies. It is used in medicine as an antispasmodic.

Asaphus (n.) A genus of trilobites found in the Lower Silurian formation. See Illust. in Append.

Asarabacca (n.) An acrid herbaceous plant (Asarum Europaeum), the leaves and roots of which are emetic and cathartic. It is principally used in cephalic snuffs.

Asarone (n.) A crystallized substance, resembling camphor, obtained from the Asarum Europaeum; -- called also camphor of asarum.

Asbestus (n.) Alt. of Asbestos

Asbestos (n.) A variety of amphibole or of pyroxene, occurring in long and delicate fibers, or in fibrous masses or seams, usually of a white, gray, or green-gray color. The name is also given to a similar variety of serpentine.

Asbolin (n.) A peculiar acrid and bitter oil, obtained from wood soot.

Ascarid (n.) A parasitic nematoid worm, espec. the roundworm, Ascaris lumbricoides, often occurring in the human intestine, and allied species found in domestic animals; also commonly applied to the pinworm (Oxyuris), often troublesome to children and aged persons.

Ascendancy (n.) Alt. of Ascendance

Ascendance (n.) Same as Ascendency.

Ascendant (n.) Ascent; height; elevation.

Ascendant (n.) The horoscope, or that degree of the ecliptic which rises above the horizon at the moment of one's birth; supposed to have a commanding influence on a person's life and fortune.

Ascendant (n.) Superiority, or commanding influence; ascendency; as, one man has the ascendant over another.

Ascendant (n.) An ancestor, or one who precedes in genealogy or degrees of kindred; a relative in the ascending

Ascendency (n.) Governing or controlling influence; domination; power.

Ascension (n.) The act of ascending; a rising; ascent.

Ascension (n.) Specifically: The visible ascent of our Savior on the fortieth day after his resurrection. (Acts i. 9.) Also, Ascension Day.

Ascension (n.) An ascending or arising, as in distillation; also that which arises, as from distillation.

Ascertainer (n.) One who ascertains.

Ascertainment (n.) The act of ascertaining; a reducing to certainty; a finding out by investigation; discovery.

Ascetic (n.) In the early church, one who devoted himself to a solitary and contemplative life, characterized by devotion, extreme self-denial, and self-mortification; a hermit; a recluse; hence, one who practices extreme rigor and self-denial in religious things.

Asceticism (n.) The condition, practice, or mode of life, of ascetics.

Ascham (n.) A sort of cupboard, or case, to contain bows and other implements of archery.

Ascian (n.) One of the Ascii.

Ascidian (n.) One of the Ascidioidea, or in a more general sense, one of the Tunicata. Also as an adj.

Ascidiarium (n.) The structure which unites together the ascidiozooids in a compound ascidian.

Ascidiozooid (n.) One of the individual members of a compound ascidian. See Ascidioidea.

Ascidium (n.) A pitcher-shaped, or flask-shaped, organ or appendage of a plant, as the leaves of the pitcher plant, or the little bladderlike traps of the bladderwort (Utricularia).

Ascidium (n.) A genus of simple ascidians, which formerly included most of the known species. It is sometimes used as a name for the Ascidioidea, or for all the Tunicata.

Ascites (n.) A collection of serous fluid in the cavity of the abdomen; dropsy of the peritoneum.

Asclepiad (n.) A choriambic verse, first used by the Greek poet Asclepias, consisting of four feet, viz., a spondee, two choriambi, and an iambus.

Asclepias (n.) A genus of plants including the milkweed, swallowwort, and some other species having medicinal properties.

Ascococcus (n.) A form of micrococcus, found in putrid meat infusions, occurring in peculiar masses, each of which is inclosed in a hya

Ascospore (n.) One of the spores contained in the asci of lichens and fungi. [See Illust. of Ascus.]

Ascription (n.) The act of ascribing, imputing, or affirming to belong; also, that which is ascribed.

Ascus (n.) A small membranous bladder or tube in which are inclosed the seedlike reproductive particles or sporules of lichens and certain fungi.

Aseptic (n.) An aseptic substance.

Ash (n.) A genus of trees of the Olive family, having opposite pinnate leaves, many of the species furnishing valuable timber, as the European ash (Fraxinus excelsior) and the white ash (F. Americana).

Ash (n.) The tough, elastic wood of the ash tree.

Ash (n.) sing. of Ashes.

Ashantee (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Ashantee in Western Africa.

Ashen (n.) obs. pl. for Ashes.

Ashery (n.) A depository for ashes.

Ashery (n.) A place where potash is made.

Ash-fire (n.) A low fire used in chemical operations.

Ash-furnace (n.) Alt. of Ash-oven

Ash-oven (n.) A furnace or oven for fritting materials for glass making.

Ashlar (n.) Alt. of Ashler

Ashler (n.) Hewn or squared stone; also, masonry made of squared or hewn stone.

Ashler (n.) In the United States especially, a thin facing of squared and dressed stone upon a wall of rubble or brick.

Ashlaring (n.) Alt. of Ashlering

Ashlering (n.) The act of bedding ashlar in mortar.

Ashlering (n.) Ashlar when in thin slabs and made to serve merely as a case to the body of the wall.

Ashlering (n.) The short upright pieces between the floor beams and rafters in garrets. See Ashlar, 2.

Ashtoreth (n.) The principal female divinity of the Phoenicians, as Baal was the principal male divinity.

Ashweed (n.) Goutweed.

Asian (n.) An Asiatic.

Asiarch (n.) One of the chiefs or pontiffs of the Roman province of Asia, who had the superintendence of the public games and religious rites.

Asiatic (n.) A native, or one of the people, of Asia.

Asiaticism (n.) Something peculiar to Asia or the Asiatics.

Aside (n.) Something spoken aside; as, a remark made by a stageplayer which the other players are not supposed to hear.

Asilus (n.) A genus of large and voracious two-winged flies, including the bee killer and robber fly.

Asinego (n.) Alt. of Assinego

Assinego (n.) A stupid fellow.

Asininity (n.) The quality of being asinine; stupidity combined with obstinacy.

Asiphonate (n.) An asiphonate mollusk.

Asitia (n.) Want of appetite; loathing of food.

Ask (n.) A water newt.

Asker (n.) One who asks; a petitioner; an inquirer.

Asker (n.) An ask; a water newt.

Asking (n.) The act of inquiring or requesting; a petition; solicitation.

Asking (n.) The publishing of banns.

Asmonean (n.) One of the Asmonean family. The Asmoneans were leaders and rulers of the Jews from 168 to 35 b. c.

Asp (n.) Same as Aspen.

Asp (n.) A small, hooded, poisonous serpent of Egypt and adjacent countries, whose bite is often fatal. It is the Naja haje. The name is also applied to other poisonous serpents, esp. to Vipera aspis of southern Europe. See Haje.

Aspalathus (n.) A thorny shrub yielding a fragrant oil.

Aspalathus (n.) A genus of plants of the natural order Leguminosae. The species are chiefly natives of the Cape of Good Hope.

Asparagine (n.) A white, nitrogenous, crystallizable substance, C4H8N2O3+H2O, found in many plants, and first obtained from asparagus. It is believed to aid in the disposition of nitrogenous matter throughout the plant; -- called also altheine.

Asparagus (n.) A genus of perennial plants belonging to the natural order Liliaceae, and having erect much branched stems, and very slender branchlets which are sometimes mistaken for leaves. Asparagus racemosus is a shrubby climbing plant with fragrant flowers. Specifically: The Asparagus officinalis, a species cultivated in gardens.

Asparagus (n.) The young and tender shoots of A. officinalis, which form a valuable and well-known article of food.

Aspect (n.) The act of looking; vision; gaze; glance.

Aspect (n.) Look, or particular appearance of the face; countenance; mien; air.

Aspect (n.) Appearance to the eye or the mind; look; view.

Aspect (n.) Position or situation with regard to seeing; that position which enables one to look in a particular direction; position in relation to the points of the compass; as, a house has a southern aspect, that is, a position which faces the south.

Aspect (n.) Prospect; outlook.

Aspect (n.) The situation of planets or stars with respect to one another, or the angle formed by the rays of light proceeding from them and meeting at the eye; the joint look of planets or stars upon each other or upon the earth.

Aspect (n.) The influence of the stars for good or evil; as, an ill aspect.

Aspect (n.) To behold; to look at.

Aspection (n.) The act of viewing; a look.

Aspen (n.) Alt. of Asp

Asp (n.) One of several species of poplar bearing this name, especially the Populus tremula, so called from the trembling of its leaves, which move with the slightest impulse of the air.

Asper (n.) The rough breathing; a mark (/) placed over an initial vowel sound or over / to show that it is aspirated, that is, pronounced with h before it; thus "ws, pronounced h/s, "rh`twr, pronounced hra"t/r.

Asper (n.) A Turkish money of account (formerly a coin), of little value; the 120th part of a piaster.

Asperation (n.) The act of asperating; a making or becoming rough.

Asperges (n.) The service or ceremony of sprinkling with holy water.

Asperges (n.) The brush or instrument used in sprinkling holy water; an aspergill.

Aspergill (n.) Alt. of Aspergillum

Aspergillum (n.) The brush used in the Roman Catholic church for sprinkling holy water on the people.

Aspergillum (n.) See Wateringpot shell.

Asperity (n.) Roughness of surface; unevenness; -- opposed to smoothness.

Asperity (n.) Roughness or harshness of sound; that quality which grates upon the ear; raucity.

Asperity (n.) Roughness to the taste; sourness; tartness.

Asperity (n.) Moral roughness; roughness of manner; severity; crabbedness; harshness; -- opposed to mildness.

Asperity (n.) Sharpness; disagreeableness; difficulty.

Asperser (n.) One who asperses; especially, one who vilifies another.

Aspersion (n.) A sprinkling, as with water or dust, in a literal sense.

Aspersion (n.) The spreading of calumniations reports or charges which tarnish reputation, like the bespattering of a body with foul water; calumny.

Aspersoir (n.) An aspergill.

Aspersorium (n.) The stoup, basin, or other vessel for holy water in Roman Catholic churches.

Aspersorium (n.) A brush for sprinkling holy water; an aspergill.

Asphalt (n.) Alt. of Asphaltum

Asphaltum (n.) Mineral pitch, Jews' pitch, or compact native bitumen. It is brittle, of a black or brown color and high luster on a surface of fracture; it melts and burns when heated, leaving no residue. It occurs on the surface and shores of the Dead Sea, which is therefore called Asphaltites, or the Asphaltic Lake. It is found also in many parts of Asia, Europe, and America. See Bitumen.

Asphaltum (n.) A composition of bitumen, pitch, lime, and gravel, used for forming pavements, and as a water-proof cement for bridges, roofs, etc.; asphaltic cement. Artificial asphalt is prepared from coal tar, lime, sand, etc.

Asphalte (n.) Asphaltic mastic or cement. See Asphalt, 2.

Asphaltus (n.) See Asphalt.

Asphodel (n.) A general name for a plant of the genus Asphodelus. The asphodels are hardy perennial plants, several species of which are cultivated for the beauty of their flowers.

Asphyxia (n.) Alt. of Asphyxy

Asphyxy (n.) Apparent death, or suspended animation; the condition which results from interruption of respiration, as in suffocation or drowning, or the inhalation of irrespirable gases.

Asphyxiation (n.) The act of causing asphyxia; a state of asphyxia.

Aspic (n.) The venomous asp.

Aspic (n.) A piece of ordnance carrying a 12 pound shot.

Aspic (n.) A European species of lavender (Lavandula spica), which produces a volatile oil. See Spike.

Aspic (n.) A savory meat jelly containing portions of fowl, game, fish, hard boiled eggs, etc.

Aspirant (n.) One who aspires; one who eagerly seeks some high position or object of attainment.

Aspirate (n.) A sound consisting of, or characterized by, a breath like the sound of h; the breathing h or a character representing such a sound; an aspirated sound.

Aspirate (n.) A mark of aspiration (/) used in Greek; the asper, or rough breathing.

Aspirate (n.) An elementary sound produced by the breath alone; a surd, or nonvocal consonant; as, f, th in thin, etc.

Aspiration (n.) The act of aspirating; the pronunciation of a letter with a full or strong emission of breath; an aspirated sound.

Aspiration (n.) The act of breathing; a breath; an inspiration.

Aspiration (n.) The act of aspiring of a ardently desiring; strong wish; high desire.

Aspirator (n.) An apparatus for passing air or gases through or over certain liquids or solids, or for exhausting a closed vessel, by means of suction.

Aspirator (n.) An instrument for the evacuation of the fluid contents of tumors or collections of blood.

Aspire (n.) Aspiration.

Aspirement (n.) Aspiration.

Aspirer (n.) One who aspires.

Asportation (n.) The felonious removal of goods from the place where they were deposited.

Ass (n.) A quadruped of the genus Equus (E. asinus), smaller than the horse, and having a peculiarly harsh bray and long ears. The tame or domestic ass is patient, slow, and sure-footed, and has become the type of obstinacy and stupidity. There are several species of wild asses which are swift-footed.

Ass (n.) A dull, heavy, stupid fellow; a dolt.

Assaf/tida (n.) Same as Asafetida.

Assagai (n.) Alt. of Assegai

Assegai (n.) A spear used by tribes in South Africa as a missile and for stabbing, a kind of light javelin.

Assailant (n.) One who, or that which, assails, attacks, or assaults; an assailer.

Assailer (n.) One who assails.

Assailment (n.) The act or power of assailing; attack; assault.

Assamar (n.) The peculiar bitter substance, soft or liquid, and of a yellow color, produced when meat, bread, gum, sugar, starch, and the like, are roasted till they turn brown.

Assapan (n.) Alt. of Assapanic

Assapanic (n.) The American flying squirrel (Pteromys volucella).

Assart (n.) The act or offense of grubbing up trees and bushes, and thus destroying the thickets or coverts of a forest.

Assart (n.) A piece of land cleared of trees and bushes, and fitted for cultivation; a clearing.

Assassin (n.) One who kills, or attempts to kill, by surprise or secret assault; one who treacherously murders any one unprepared for defense.

Assassinate (n.) An assassination, murder, or murderous assault.

Assassinate (n.) An assassin.

Assassination (n.) The act of assassinating; a killing by treacherous violence.

Assassinator (n.) An assassin.

Assastion (n.) Roasting.

Assault (n.) A violent onset or attack with physical means, as blows, weapons, etc.; an onslaught; the rush or charge of an attacking force; onset; as, to make assault upon a man, a house, or a town.

Assault (n.) A violent onset or attack with moral weapons, as words, arguments, appeals, and the like; as, to make an assault on the prerogatives of a prince, or on the constitution of a government.

Assault (n.) An apparently violent attempt, or willful offer with force or violence, to do hurt to another; an attempt or offer to beat another, accompanied by a degree of violence, but without touching his person, as by lifting the fist, or a cane, in a threatening manner, or by striking at him, and missing him. If the blow aimed takes effect, it is a battery.

Assault (n.) To make an assault upon, as by a sudden rush of armed men; to attack with unlawful or insulting physical violence or menaces.

Assault (n.) To attack with moral means, or with a view of producing moral effects; to attack by words, arguments, or unfriendly measures; to assail; as, to assault a reputation or an administration.

Assaulter (n.) One who assaults, or violently attacks; an assailant.

Assay (n.) Trial; attempt; essay.

Assay (n.) Examination and determination; test; as, an assay of bread or wine.

Assay (n.) Trial by danger or by affliction; adventure; risk; hardship; state of being tried.

Assay (n.) Tested purity or value.

Assay (n.) The act or process of ascertaining the proportion of a particular metal in an ore or alloy; especially, the determination of the proportion of gold or silver in bullion or coin.

Assay (n.) The alloy or metal to be assayed.

Assayer (n.) One who assays. Specifically: One who examines metallic ores or compounds, for the purpose of determining the amount of any particular metal in the same, especially of gold or silver.

Assaying (n.) The act or process of testing, esp. of analyzing or examining metals and ores, to determine the proportion of pure metal.

Asse (n.) A small foxlike animal (Vulpes cama) of South Africa, valued for its fur.

Assecuration (n.) Assurance; certainty.

Assecution (n.) An obtaining or acquiring.

Assegai (n.) Same as Assagai.

Assemblage (n.) The act of assembling, or the state of being assembled; association.

Assemblage (n.) A collection of individuals, or of individuals, or of particular things; as, a political assemblage; an assemblage of ideas.

Assemblance (n.) Resemblance; likeness; appearance.

Assemblance (n.) An assembling; assemblage.

Assembler (n.) One who assembles a number of individuals; also, one of a number assembled.

Assembly (n.) A company of persons collected together in one place, and usually for some common purpose, esp. for deliberation and legislation, for worship, or for social entertainment.

Assembly (n.) A collection of inanimate objects.

Assembly (n.) A beat of the drum or sound of the bugle as a signal to troops to assemble.

Assemblyman (n.) A member of an assembly, especially of the lower branch of a state legislature.

Assentation (n.) Insincere, flattering, or obsequious assent; hypocritical or pretended concurrence.

Assentator (n.) An obsequious; a flatterer.

Assenter (n.) One who assents.

Assentment (n.) Assent; agreement.

Asserter (n.) One who asserts; one who avers pr maintains; an assertor.

Assertion (n.) The act of asserting, or that which is asserted; positive declaration or averment; affirmation; statement asserted; position advanced.

Assertion (n.) Maintenance; vindication; as, the assertion of one's rights or prerogatives.

Assertor (n.) One who asserts or avers; one who maintains or vindicates a claim or a right; an affirmer, supporter, or vindicator; a defender; an asserter.

Assessee (n.) One who is assessed.

Assession (n.) A sitting beside or near.

Assessment (n.) The act of assessing; the act of determining an amount to be paid; as, an assessment of damages, or of taxes; an assessment of the members of a club.

Assessment (n.) A valuation of property or profits of business, for the purpose of taxation; such valuation and an adjudging of the proper sum to be levied on the property; as, an assessment of property or an assessment on property.

Assessment (n.) The specific sum levied or assessed.

Assessment (n.) An apportionment of a subscription for stock into successive installments; also, one of these installments (in England termed a "call").

Assessorship (n.) The office or function of an assessor.

Asset (n.) Any article or separable part of one's assets.

Asseveration (n.) The act of asseverating, or that which is asseverated; positive affirmation or assertion; solemn declaration.

Assibilation (n.) Change of a non-sibilant letter to a sibilant, as of -tion to -shun, duke to ditch.

Assidean (n.) One of a body of devoted Jews who opposed the Hellenistic Jews, and supported the Asmoneans.

Assiduity (n.) Constant or close application or attention, particularly to some business or enterprise; diligence.

Assiduity (n.) Studied and persevering attention to a person; -- usually in the plural.

Assiege (n.) A siege.

Assientist (n.) A shareholder of the Assiento company; one of the parties to the Assiento contract.

Assiento (n.) A contract or convention between Spain and other powers for furnishing negro slaves for the Spanish dominions in America, esp. the contract made with Great Britain in 1713.

Assign (n.) A person to whom property or an interest is transferred; as, a deed to a man and his heirs and assigns.

Assignability (n.) The quality of being assignable.

Assignat (n.) One of the notes, bills, or bonds, issued as currency by the revolutionary government of France (1790-1796), and based on the security of the lands of the church and of nobles which had been appropriated by the state.

Assignation (n.) The act of assigning or allotting; apportionment.

Assignation (n.) An appointment of time and place for meeting or interview; -- used chiefly of love interviews, and now commonly in a bad sense.

Assignation (n.) A making over by transfer of title; assignment.

Assigner (n.) One who assigns, appoints, allots, or apportions.

Assignment (n.) An allotting or an appointment to a particular person or use; or for a particular time, as of a cause or causes in court.

Assignment (n.) A transfer of title or interest by writing, as of lease, bond, note, or bill of exchange; a transfer of the whole of some particular estate or interest in lands.

Assignment (n.) The writing by which an interest is transferred.

Assignment (n.) The transfer of the property of a bankrupt to certain persons called assignees, in whom it is vested for the benefit of creditors.

Assignor (n.) An assigner; a person who assigns or transfers an interest; as, the assignor of a debt or other chose in action.

Assimilability (n.) The quality of being assimilable.

Assimilation (n.) The act or process of assimilating or bringing to a resemblance, likeness, or identity; also, the state of being so assimilated; as, the assimilation of one sound to another.

Assimilation (n.) The conversion of nutriment into the fluid or solid substance of the body, by the processes of digestion and absorption, whether in plants or animals.

Assimulation (n.) Assimilation.

Assinego (n.) See Asinego.

Assistance (n.) The act of assisting; help; aid; furtherance; succor; support.

Assistance (n.) An assistant or helper; a body of helpers.

Assistance (n.) Persons present.

Assistant (n.) One who, or that which, assists; a helper; an auxiliary; a means of help.

Assistant (n.) An attendant; one who is present.

Assister (n.) An assistant; a helper.

Assistor (n.) A assister.

Assithment (n.) See Assythment.

Assize (n.) An assembly of knights and other substantial men, with a bailiff or justice, in a certain place and at a certain time, for public business.

Assize (n.) A special kind of jury or inquest.

Assize (n.) A kind of writ or real action.

Assize (n.) A verdict or finding of a jury upon such writ.

Assize (n.) A statute or ordinance in general. Specifically: (1) A statute regulating the weight, measure, and proportions of ingredients and the price of articles sold in the market; as, the assize of bread and other provisions; (2) A statute fixing the standard of weights and measures.

Assize (n.) Anything fixed or reduced to a certainty in point of time, number, quantity, quality, weight, measure, etc.; as, rent of assize.

Assize (n.) A court, the sitting or session of a court, for the trial of processes, whether civil or criminal, by a judge and jury.

Assize (n.) The periodical sessions of the judges of the superior courts in every county of England for the purpose of administering justice in the trial and determination of civil and criminal cases; -- usually in the plural.

Assize (n.) The time or place of holding the court of assize; -- generally in the plural, assizes.

Assize (n.) Measure; dimension; size.

Assizer (n.) An officer who has the care or inspection of weights and measures, etc.

Assizor (n.) A juror.

Associability (n.) The quality of being associable, or capable of association; associableness.

Associableness (n.) Associability.

Associate (n.) A companion; one frequently in company with another, implying intimacy or equality; a mate; a fellow.

Associate (n.) A partner in interest, as in business; or a confederate in a league.

Associate (n.) One connected with an association or institution without the full rights or privileges of a regular member; as, an associate of the Royal Academy.

Associate (n.) Anything closely or usually connected with another; an concomitant.

Associateship (n.) The state of an associate, as in Academy or an office.

Association (n.) The act of associating, or state of being associated; union; connection, whether of persons of things.

Association (n.) Mental connection, or that which is mentally linked or associated with a thing.

Association (n.) Union of persons in a company or society for some particular purpose; as, the American Association for the Advancement of Science; a benevolent association. Specifically, as among the Congregationalists, a society, consisting of a number of ministers, generally the pastors of neighboring churches, united for promoting the interests of religion and the harmony of the churches.

Associationism (n.) The doctrine or theory held by associationists.

Associationist (n.) One who explains the higher functions and relations of the soul by the association of ideas; e. g., Hartley, J. C. Mill.

Associator (n.) An associate; a confederate or partner in any scheme.

Assoilment (n.) Act of assoiling, or state of being assoiled; absolution; acquittal.

Assoilment (n.) A soiling; defilement.

Assonance (n.) Resemblance of sound.

Assonance (n.) A peculiar species of rhyme, in which the last acce`ted vow`l and tnose whioh follow it in one word correspond in sound with the vowels of another word, while the consonants of the two words are unlike in sound; as, calamo and platano, baby and chary.

Assonance (n.) Incomplete correspondence.

Assortment (n.) Act of assorting, or distributing into sorts, kinds, or classes.

Assortment (n.) A collection or quantity of things distributed into kinds or sorts; a number of things assorted.

Assortment (n.) A collection containing a variety of sorts or kinds adapted to various wants, demands, or purposes; as, an assortment of goods.

Assuagement (n.) Mitigation; abatement.

Assuager (n.) One who, or that which, assuages.

Assuefaction (n.) The act of accustoming, or the state of being accustomed; habituation.

Assuetude (n.) Accustomedness; habit; habitual use.

Assument (n.) A patch; an addition; a piece put on.

Assumer (n.) One who assumes, arrogates, pretends, or supposes.

Assumpsit (n.) A promise or undertaking, founded on a consideration. This promise may be oral or in writing not under seal. It may be express or implied.

Assumpsit (n.) An action to recover damages for a breach or nonperformance of a contract or promise, express or implied, oral or in writing not under seal. Common or indebitatus assumpsit is brought for the most part on an implied promise. Special assumpsit is founded on an express promise or undertaking.

Assumpt (n.) That which is assumed; an assumption.

Assumption (n.) The act of assuming, or taking to or upon one's self; the act of taking up or adopting.

Assumption (n.) The act of taking for granted, or supposing a thing without proof; supposition; unwarrantable claim.

Assumption (n.) The thing supposed; a postulate, or proposition assumed; a supposition.

Assumption (n.) The minor or second proposition in a categorical syllogism.

Assumption (n.) The taking of a person up into heaven.

Assumption (n.) A festival in honor of the ascent of the Virgin Mary into heaven.

Assurance (n.) The act of assuring; a declaration tending to inspire full confidence; that which is designed to give confidence.

Assurance (n.) The state of being assured; firm persuasion; full confidence or trust; freedom from doubt; certainty.

Assurance (n.) Firmness of mind; undoubting, steadiness; intrepidity; courage; confidence; self-reliance.

Assurance (n.) Excess of boldness; impudence; audacity; as, his assurance is intolerable.

Assurance (n.) Betrothal; affiance.

Assurance (n.) Insurance; a contract for the payment of a sum on occasion of a certain event, as loss or death.

Assurance (n.) Any written or other legal evidence of the conveyance of property; a conveyance; a deed.

Assured (n.) One whose life or property is insured.

Assuredness (n.) The state of being assured; certainty; full confidence.

Assurer (n.) One who assures. Specifically: One who insures against loss; an insurer or underwriter.

Assurer (n.) One who takes out a life assurance policy.

Assurgency (n.) Act of rising.

Assyrian (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Assyria; the language of Assyria.

Assyriologist (n.) One versed in Assyriology; a student of Assyrian archaeology.

Assyriology (n.) The science or study of the antiquities, language, etc., of ancient Assyria.

Assythment (n.) Indemnification for injury; satisfaction.

Astacus (n.) A genus of crustaceans, containing the crawfish of fresh-water lobster of Europe, and allied species of western North America. See Crawfish.

Astarte (n.) A genus of bivalve mollusks, common on the coasts of America and Europe.

Astate (n.) Estate; state.

Astaticism (n.) The state of being astatic.

Asteism (n.) Genteel irony; a polite and ingenious manner of deriding another.

Astel (n.) An arch, or ceiling, of boards, placed over the men's heads in a mine.

Aster (n.) A genus of herbs with compound white or bluish flowers; starwort; Michaelmas daisy.

Aster (n.) A plant of the genus Callistephus. Many varieties (called China asters, German asters, etc.) are cultivated for their handsome compound flowers.

Asterias (n.) A genus of echinoderms.

Asteridian (n.) A starfish; one of the Asterioidea.

Asterion (n.) The point on the side of the skull where the lambdoid, parieto-mastoid and occipito-mastoid sutures.

Asteriscus (n.) The smaller of the two otoliths found in the inner ear of many fishes.

Asterisk (n.) The figure of a star, thus, /, used in printing and writing as a reference to a passage or note in the margin, to supply the omission of letters or words, or to mark a word or phrase as having a special character.

Asterism (n.) A constellation.

Asterism (n.) A small cluster of stars.

Asterism (n.) An asterisk, or mark of reference.

Asterism (n.) Three asterisks placed in this manner, /, to direct attention to a particular passage.

Asterism (n.) An optical property of some crystals which exhibit a star-shaped by reflected light, as star sapphire, or by transmitted light, as some mica.

Asteroid (n.) A starlike body; esp. one of the numerous small planets whose orbits lie between those of Mars and Jupiter; -- called also planetoids and minor planets.

Asterolepis (n.) A genus of fishes, some of which were eighteen or twenty feet long, found in a fossil state in the Old Red Sandstone.

Asterophyllite (n.) A fossil plant from the coal formations of Europe and America, now regarded as the branchlets and foliage of calamites.

Asthenia (n.) Alt. of Astheny

Astheny (n.) Want or loss of strength; debility; diminution of the vital forces.

Asthenopia (n.) Weakness of sight.

Asthma (n.) A disease, characterized by difficulty of breathing (due to a spasmodic contraction of the bronchi), recurring at intervals, accompanied with a wheezing sound, a sense of constriction in the chest, a cough, and expectoration.

Asthmatic (n.) A person affected with asthma.

Astigmatism (n.) A defect of the eye or of a lens, in consequence of which the rays derived from one point are not brought to a single focal point, thus causing imperfect images or indistinctness of vision.

Astipulation (n.) Stipulation; agreement.

Astonishment (n.) The condition of one who is stunned. Hence: Numbness; loss of sensation; stupor; loss of sense.

Astonishment (n.) Dismay; consternation.

Astonishment (n.) The overpowering emotion excited when something unaccountable, wonderful, or dreadful is presented to the mind; an intense degree of surprise; amazement.

Astonishment (n.) The object causing such an emotion.

Astoundment (n.) Amazement.

Astraean (n.) A coral of the family Astraeidae; a star coral.

Astragal (n.) A convex molding of rounded surface, generally from half to three quarters of a circle.

Astragal (n.) A round molding encircling a cannon near the mouth.

Astragalomancy (n.) Divination by means of small bones or dice.

Astragalus (n.) The ankle bone, or hock bone; the bone of the tarsus which articulates with the tibia at the ankle.

Astragalus (n.) A genus of papilionaceous plants, of the tribe Galegeae, containing numerous species, two of which are called, in English, milk vetch and licorice vetch. Gum tragacanth is obtained from different oriental species, particularly the A. gummifer and A. verus.

Astragalus (n.) See Astragal, 1.

Astrakhan (n.) The skin of stillborn or young lambs of that region, the curled wool of which resembles fur.

Astriction (n.) The act of binding; restriction; also, obligation.

Astriction (n.) A contraction of parts by applications; the action of an astringent substance on the animal economy.

Astriction (n.) Constipation.

Astriction (n.) Astringency.

Astriction (n.) An obligation to have the grain growing on certain lands ground at a certain mill, the owner paying a toll.

Astrictive (n.) An astringent.

Astringency (n.) The quality of being astringent; the power of contracting the parts of the body; that quality in medicines or other substances which causes contraction of the organic textures; as, the astringency of tannin.

Astringent (n.) A medicine or other substance that produces contraction in the soft organic textures, and checks discharges of blood, mucus, etc.

Astringer (n.) A falconer who keeps a goshawk.

Astrofel (n.) Alt. of Astrofell

Astrofell (n.) A bitter herb, probably the same as aster, or starwort.

Astrogeny (n.) The creation or evolution of the stars or the heavens.

Astrognosy (n.) The science or knowledge of the stars, esp. the fixed stars.

Astrogony (n.) Same as Astrogeny.

Astrography (n.) The art of describing or de

Astroite (n.) A radiated stone or fossil; star-stone.

Astrolabe (n.) An instrument for observing or showing the positions of the stars. It is now disused.

Astrolabe (n.) A stereographic projection of the sphere on the plane of a great circle, as the equator, or a meridian; a planisphere.

Astrolater (n.) A worshiper of the stars.

Astrolatry (n.) The worship of the stars.

Astrolithology (n.) The science of aerolites.

Astrologer (n.) One who studies the stars; an astronomer.

Astrologer (n.) One who practices astrology; one who professes to foretell events by the aspects and situation of the stars.

Astrologian (n.) An astrologer.

Astrology (n.) In its etymological signification, the science of the stars; among the ancients, synonymous with astronomy; subsequently, the art of judging of the influences of the stars upon human affairs, and of foretelling events by their position and aspects.

Astrometeorology (n.) The investigation of the relation between the sun, moon, and stars, and the weather.

Astrometer (n.) An instrument for comparing the relative amount of the light of stars.

Astrometry (n.) The art of making measurements among the stars, or of determining their relative magnitudes.

Astronomer (n.) An astrologer.

Astronomer (n.) One who is versed in astronomy; one who has a knowledge of the laws of the heavenly orbs, or the principles by which their motions are regulated, with their various phenomena.

Astronomian (n.) An astrologer.

Astronomy (n.) Astrology.

Astronomy (n.) The science which treats of the celestial bodies, of their magnitudes, motions, distances, periods of revolution, eclipses, constitution, physical condition, and of the causes of their various phenomena.

Astronomy (n.) A treatise on, or text-book of, the science.

Astrophel (n.) See Astrofel.

Astrophotography (n.) The application of photography to the de

Astrophyton (n.) A genus of ophiurans having the arms much branched.

Astroscope (n.) An old astronomical instrument, formed of two cones, on whose surface the constellations were de

Astroscopy (n.) Observation of the stars.

Astrotheology (n.) Theology founded on observation or knowledge of the celestial bodies.

Astucity (n.) Craftiness; astuteness.

Asturian (n.) A native of Asturias.

Astyllen (n.) A small dam to prevent free passage of water in an adit or level.

Asura (n.) An enemy of the gods, esp. one of a race of demons and giants.

Aswail (n.) The sloth bear (Melursus labiatus) of India.

Asylum (n.) A sanctuary or place of refuge and protection, where criminals and debtors found shelter, and from which they could not be forcibly taken without sacrilege.

Asylum (n.) Any place of retreat and security.

Asylum (n.) An institution for the protection or relief of some class of destitute, unfortunate, or afflicted persons; as, an asylum for the aged, for the blind, or for the insane; a lunatic asylum; an orphan asylum.

Asymmetry (n.) Want of symmetry, or proportion between the parts of a thing, esp. want of bilateral symmetry.

Asymmetry (n.) Incommensurability.

Asymptote (n.) A

Asyndeton (n.) A figure which omits the connective; as, I came, I saw, I conquered. It stands opposed to polysyndeton.

Asystole (n.) A weakening or cessation of the contractile power of the heart.

Asystolism (n.) The state or symptoms characteristic of asystole.

Atabal (n.) A kettledrum; a kind of tabor, used by the Moors.

Atacamite (n.) An oxychloride of copper, usually in emerald-green prismatic crystals.

Ataghan (n.) See Yataghan.

Ataman (n.) A hetman, or chief of the Cossacks.

Ataraxia (n.) Alt. of Ataraxy

Ataraxy (n.) Perfect peace of mind, or calmness.

Atavism (n.) The recurrence, or a tendency to a recurrence, of the original type of a species in the progeny of its varieties; resemblance to remote rather than to near ancestors; reversion to the original form.

Atavism (n.) The recurrence of any peculiarity or disease of an ancestor in a subsequent generation, after an intermission for a generation or two.

Ataxia (n.) Alt. of Ataxy

Ataxy (n.) Disorder; irregularity.

Ataxy (n.) Irregularity in disease, or in the functions.

Ataxy (n.) The state of disorder that characterizes nervous fevers and the nervous condition.

Atazir (n.) The influence of a star upon other stars or upon men.

Ate (n.) The goddess of mischievous folly; also, in later poets, the goddess of vengeance.

Ateles (n.) A genus of American monkeys with prehensile tails, and having the thumb wanting or rudimentary. See Spider monkey, and Coaita.

Atelier (n.) A workshop; a studio.

Atellan (n.) A farcical drama performed at Atella.

Athamaunt (n.) Adamant.

Athanor (n.) A digesting furnace, formerly used by alchemists. It was so constructed as to maintain uniform and durable heat.

Atheism (n.) The disbelief or denial of the existence of a God, or supreme intelligent Being.

Atheism (n.) Godlessness.

Atheist (n.) One who disbelieves or denies the existence of a God, or supreme intelligent Being.

Atheist (n.) A godless person.

Atheling (n.) An Anglo-Saxon prince or nobleman; esp., the heir apparent or a prince of the royal family.

Atheneum (n.) Alt. of Athenaeum

Athenaeum (n.) A temple of Athene, at Athens, in which scholars and poets were accustomed to read their works and instruct students.

Athenaeum (n.) A school founded at Rome by Hadrian.

Athenaeum (n.) A literary or scientific association or club.

Athenaeum (n.) A building or an apartment where a library, periodicals, and newspapers are kept for use.

Athenian (n.) A native or citizen of Athens.

Atheology (n.) Antagonism to theology.

Atherine (n.) A small marine fish of the family Atherinidae, having a silvery stripe along the sides. The European species (Atherina presbyter) is used as food. The American species (Menidia notata) is called silversides and sand smelt. See Silversides.

Athermancy (n.) Inability to transmit radiant heat; impermeability to heat.

Atheroma (n.) An encysted tumor containing curdy matter.

Atheroma (n.) A disease characterized by thickening and fatty degeneration of the inner coat of the arteries.

Athetosis (n.) A variety of chorea, marked by peculiar tremors of the fingers and toes.

Athlete (n.) One who contended for a prize in the public games of ancient Greece or Rome.

Athlete (n.) Any one trained to contend in exercises requiring great physical agility and strength; one who has great activity and strength; a champion.

Athlete (n.) One fitted for, or skilled in, intellectual contests; as, athletes of debate.

Athleticism (n.) The practice of engaging in athletic games; athletism.

Athletics (n.) The art of training by athletic exercises; the games and sports of athletes.

Athletism (n.) The state or practice of an athlete; the characteristics of an athlete.

Atimy (n.) Public disgrace or stigma; infamy; loss of civil rights.

Atlanta (n.) A genus of small glassy heteropod mollusks found swimming at the surface in mid ocean. See Heteropod.

Atlas (n.) One who sustains a great burden.

Atlas (n.) The first vertebra of the neck, articulating immediately with the skull, thus sustaining the globe of the head, whence the name.

Atlas (n.) A collection of maps in a volume

Atlas (n.) A volume of plates illustrating any subject.

Atlas (n.) A work in which subjects are exhibited in a tabular from or arrangement; as, an historical atlas.

Atlas (n.) A large, square folio, resembling a volume of maps; -- called also atlas folio.

Atlas (n.) A drawing paper of large size. See under Paper, n.

Atlas (n.) A rich kind of satin manufactured in India.

Atmidometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the evaporation from water, ice, or snow.

Atmo (n.) The standard atmospheric pressure used in certain physical measurements calculations; conventionally, that pressure under which the barometer stands at 760 millimeters, at a temperature of 0! Centigrade, at the level of the sea, and in the latitude of Paris.

Atmologist (n.) One who is versed in atmology.

Atmology (n.) That branch of science which treats of the laws and phenomena of aqueous vapor.

Atmolysis (n.) The act or process of separating mingled gases of unequal diffusibility by transmission through porous substances.

Atmolyzation (n.) Separation by atmolysis.

Atmolyzer (n.) An apparatus for effecting atmolysis.

Atmometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the rate of evaporation from a moist surface; an evaporometer.

Atmosphere (n.) The whole mass of aeriform fluid surrounding the earth; -- applied also to the gaseous envelope of any celestial orb, or other body; as, the atmosphere of Mars.

Atmosphere (n.) Any gaseous envelope or medium.

Atmosphere (n.) A supposed medium around various bodies; as, electrical atmosphere, a medium formerly supposed to surround electrical bodies.

Atmosphere (n.) The pressure or weight of the air at the sea level, on a unit of surface, or about 14.7 Ibs. to the sq. inch.

Atmosphere (n.) Any surrounding or pervading influence or condition.

Atmosphere (n.) The portion of air in any locality, or affected by a special physical or sanitary condition; as, the atmosphere of the room; a moist or noxious atmosphere.

Atmospherology (n.) The science or a treatise on the atmosphere.

Atoll (n.) A coral island or islands, consisting of a belt of coral reef, partly submerged, surrounding a central lagoon or depression; a lagoon island.

Atom (n.) An ultimate indivisible particle of matter.

Atom (n.) An ultimate particle of matter not necessarily indivisible; a molecule.

Atom (n.) A constituent particle of matter, or a molecule supposed to be made up of subordinate particles.

Atom (n.) The smallest particle of matter that can enter into combination; one of the elementary constituents of a molecule.

Atom (n.) Anything extremely small; a particle; a whit.

Atomician (n.) An atomist.

Atomicism (n.) Atomism.

Atomicity (n.) Degree of atomic attraction; equivalence; valence; also (a later use) the number of atoms in an elementary molecule. See Valence.

Atomism (n.) The doctrine of atoms. See Atomic philosophy, under Atomic.

Atomist (n.) One who holds to the atomic philosophy or theory.

Atomization (n.) The act of reducing to atoms, or very minute particles; or the state of being so reduced.

Atomization (n.) The reduction of fluids into fine spray.

Atomizer (n.) One who, or that which, atomizes; esp., an instrument for reducing a liquid to spray for disinfecting, cooling, or perfuming.

Atomology (n.) The doctrine of atoms.

Atomy (n.) An atom; a mite; a pigmy.

Atomy (n.) A skeleton.

Atonement (n.) Reconciliation; restoration of friendly relations; agreement; concord.

Atonement (n.) Satisfaction or reparation made by giving an equivalent for an injury, or by doing of suffering that which will be received in satisfaction for an offense or injury; expiation; amends; -- with for. Specifically, in theology: The expiation of sin made by the obedience, personal suffering, and death of Christ.

Atoner (n.) One who makes atonement.

Atonic (n.) A word that has no accent.

Atonic (n.) An element of speech entirely destitute of vocality, or produced by the breath alone; a nonvocal or surd consonant; a breathing.

Atonic (n.) A remedy capable of allaying organic excitement or irritation.

Atony (n.) Want of tone; weakness of the system, or of any organ, especially of such as are contractile.

Atrabilarian (n.) A person much given to melancholy; a hypochondriac.

Atresia (n.) Absence or closure of a natural passage or channel of the body; imperforation.

Atrium (n.) A square hall lighted from above, into which rooms open at one or more levels.

Atrium (n.) An open court with a porch or gallery around three or more sides; especially at the entrance of a basilica or other church. The name was extended in the Middle Ages to the open churchyard or cemetery.

Atrium (n.) The main part of either auricle of the heart as distinct from the auricular appendix. Also, the whole articular portion of the heart.

Atrium (n.) A cavity in ascidians into which the intestine and generative ducts open, and which also receives the water from the gills. See Ascidioidea.

Atrocha (n.) A kind of chaetopod larva in which no circles of cilia are developed.

Atrocity (n.) Enormous wickedness; extreme heinousness or cruelty.

Atrocity (n.) An atrocious or extremely cruel deed.

Atrophy (n.) A wasting away from want of nourishment; diminution in bulk or slow emaciation of the body or of any part.

Atropia (n.) Same as Atropine.

Atropine (n.) A poisonous, white, crystallizable alkaloid, extracted from the Atropa belladonna, or deadly nightshade, and the Datura Stramonium, or thorn apple. It is remarkable for its power in dilating the pupil of the eye. Called also daturine.

Atropism (n.) A condition of the system produced by long use of belladonna.

Atrypa (n.) A extinct genus of Branchiopoda, very common in Silurian limestones.

Attabal (n.) See Atabal.

Attach (n.) An attachment.

Attachment (n.) The act attaching, or state of being attached; close adherence or affection; fidelity; regard; an/ passion of affection that binds a person; as, an attachment to a friend, or to a party.

Attachment (n.) That by which one thing is attached to another; connection; as, to cut the attachments of a muscle.

Attachment (n.) Something attached; some adjunct attached to an instrument, machine, or other object; as, a sewing machine attachment (i. e., a device attached to a sewing machine to enable it to do special work, as tucking, etc.).

Attachment (n.) A seizure or taking into custody by virtue of a legal process.

Attachment (n.) The writ or percept commanding such seizure or taking.

Attack (n.) The act of attacking, or falling on with force or violence; an onset; an assault; -- opposed to defense.

Attack (n.) An assault upon one's feelings or reputation with unfriendly or bitter words.

Attack (n.) A setting to work upon some task, etc.

Attack (n.) An access of disease; a fit of sickness.

Attack (n.) The beginning of corrosive, decomposing, or destructive action, by a chemical agent.

Attacker (n.) One who attacks.

Attagas (n.) Alt. of Attagen

Attagen (n.) A species of sand grouse (Syrrghaptes Pallasii) found in Asia and rarely in southern Europe.

Attaghan (n.) See Yataghan.

Attain (n.) Attainment.

Attainability (n.) The quality of being attainable; attainableness.

Attainableness (n.) The quality of being attainable; attainability.

Attainder (n.) The act of attainting, or the state of being attainted; the extinction of the civil rights and capacities of a person, consequent upon sentence of death or outlawry; as, an act of attainder.

Attainder (n.) A stain or staining; state of being in dishonor or condemnation.

Attainment (n.) The act of attaining; the act of arriving at or reaching; hence, the act of obtaining by efforts.

Attainment (n.) That which is attained to, or obtained by exertion; acquirement; acquisition; (pl.), mental acquirements; knowledge; as, literary and scientific attainments.

Attaintment (n.) Attainder; attainture; conviction.

Attainture (n.) Attainder; disgrace.

Attal (n.) Same as Attle.

Attar (n.) A fragrant essential oil; esp., a volatile and highly fragrant essential oil obtained from the petals of roses.

Attemperament (n.) A tempering, or mixing in due proportion.

Attemperance (n.) Temperance; attemperament.

Attemperation (n.) The act of attempering or regulating.

Attemperment (n.) Attemperament.

Attempt (n.) A essay, trial, or endeavor; an undertaking; an attack, or an effort to gain a point; esp. an unsuccessful, as contrasted with a successful, effort.

Attempter (n.) One who attempts; one who essays anything.

Attempter (n.) An assailant; also, a temper.

Attendancy (n.) The quality of attending or accompanying; attendance; an attendant.

Attendant (n.) One who attends or accompanies in any character whatever, as a friend, companion, servant, agent, or suitor.

Attendant (n.) One who is present and takes part in the proceedings; as, an attendant at a meeting.

Attendant (n.) That which accompanies; a concomitant.

Attendant (n.) One who owes duty or service to, or depends on, another.

Attendement (n.) Intent.

Attender (n.) One who, or that which, attends.

Attendment (n.) An attendant circumstance.

Attent (n.) Attention; heed.

Attentate (n.) Alt. of Attentat

Attentat (n.) An attempt; an assault.

Attentat (n.) A proceeding in a court of judicature, after an inhibition is decreed.

Attentat (n.) Any step wrongly innovated or attempted in a suit by an inferior judge.

Attention (n.) The act or state of attending or heeding; the application of the mind to any object of sense, representation, or thought; notice; exclusive or special consideration; earnest consideration, thought, or regard; obedient or affectionate heed; the supposed power or faculty of attending.

Attention (n.) An act of civility or courtesy; care for the comfort and pleasure of others; as, attentions paid to a stranger.

Attenuant (n.) A medicine that thins or dilutes the fluids; a diluent.

Attenuation (n.) The act or process of making slender, or the state of being slender; emaciation.

Attenuation (n.) The act of attenuating; the act of making thin or less dense, or of rarefying, as fluids or gases.

Attenuation (n.) The process of weakening in intensity; diminution of virulence; as, the attenuation of virus.

Atter (n.) Poison; venom; corrupt matter from a sore.

Attercop (n.) A spider.

Attercop (n.) A peevish, ill-natured person.

Atterration (n.) The act of filling up with earth, or of forming land with alluvial earth.

Attest (n.) Witness; testimony; attestation.

Attestation (n.) The act of attesting; testimony; witness; a solemn or official declaration, verbal or written, in support of a fact; evidence. The truth appears from the attestation of witnesses, or of the proper officer. The subscription of a name to a writing as a witness, is an attestation.

Attester (n.) Alt. of Attestor

Attestor (n.) One who attests.

Atticism (n.) A favoring of, or attachment to, the Athenians.

Atticism (n.) The style and idiom of the Greek language, used by the Athenians; a concise and elegant expression.

Attire (n.) Dress; clothes; headdress; anything which dresses or adorns; esp., ornamental clothing.

Attire (n.) The antlers, or antlers and scalp, of a stag or buck.

Attire (n.) The internal parts of a flower, included within the calyx and the corolla.

Attirement (n.) Attire; adornment.

Attirer (n.) One who attires.

Attitude (n.) The posture, action, or disposition of a figure or a statue.

Attitude (n.) The posture or position of a person or an animal, or the manner in which the parts of his body are disposed; position assumed or studied to serve a purpose; as, a threatening attitude; an attitude of entreaty.

Attitude (n.) Fig.: Position as indicating action, feeling, or mood; as, in times of trouble let a nation preserve a firm attitude; one's mental attitude in respect to religion.

Attitudinarian (n.) One who attitudinizes; a posture maker.

Attitudinarianism (n.) A practicing of attitudes; posture making.

Attitudinizer (n.) One who practices attitudes.

Attle (n.) Rubbish or refuse consisting of broken rock containing little or no ore.

Attorney (n.) A substitute; a proxy; an agent.

Attorney (n.) One who is legally appointed by another to transact any business for him; an attorney in fact.

Attorney (n.) A legal agent qualified to act for suitors and defendants in legal proceedings; an attorney at law.

Attorney-general (n.) The chief law officer of the state, empowered to act in all litigation in which the law-executing power is a party, and to advise this supreme executive whenever required.

Attorneyism (n.) The practice or peculiar cleverness of attorneys.

Attorneyship (n.) The office or profession of an attorney; agency for another.

Attornment (n.) The act of a feudatory, vassal, or tenant, by which he consents, upon the alienation of an estate, to receive a new lord or superior, and transfers to him his homage and service; the agreement of a tenant to acknowledge the purchaser of the estate as his landlord.

Attract (n.) Attraction.

Attractability (n.) The quality or fact of being attractable.

Attracter (n.) One who, or that which, attracts.

Attraction (n.) An invisible power in a body by which it draws anything to itself; the power in nature acting mutually between bodies or ultimate particles, tending to draw them together, or to produce their cohesion or combination, and conversely resisting separation.

Attraction (n.) The act or property of attracting; the effect of the power or operation of attraction.

Attraction (n.) The power or act of alluring, drawing to, inviting, or engaging; an attractive quality; as, the attraction of beauty or eloquence.

Attraction (n.) That which attracts; an attractive object or feature.

Attractive (n.) That which attracts or draws; an attraction; an allurement.

Attractivity (n.) The quality or degree of attractive power.

Attractor (n.) One who, or that which, attracts.

Attrahent (n.) That which attracts, as a magnet.

Attrahent (n.) A substance which, by irritating the surface, excites action in the part to which it is applied, as a blister, an epispastic, a sinapism.

Attrectation (n.) Frequent handling or touching.

Attribute (n.) That which is attributed; a quality which is considered as belonging to, or inherent in, a person or thing; an essential or necessary property or characteristic.

Attribute (n.) Reputation.

Attribute (n.) A conventional symbol of office, character, or identity, added to any particular figure; as, a club is the attribute of Hercules.

Attribute (n.) Quality, etc., denoted by an attributive; an attributive adjunct or adjective.

Attribution (n.) The act of attributing or ascribing, as a quality, character, or function, to a thing or person, an effect to a cause.

Attribution (n.) That which is ascribed or attributed.

Attributive (n.) A word that denotes an attribute; esp. a modifying word joined to a noun; an adjective or adjective phrase.

Attrition (n.) The act of rubbing together; friction; the act of wearing by friction, or by rubbing substances together; abrasion.

Attrition (n.) The state of being worn.

Attrition (n.) Grief for sin arising only from fear of punishment or feelings of shame. See Contrition.

Aubade (n.) An open air concert in the morning, as distinguished from an evening serenade; also, a pianoforte composition suggestive of morning.

Aubaine (n.) Succession to the goods of a stranger not naturalized.

Aube (n.) An alb.

Auberge (n.) An inn.

Aubin (n.) A broken gait of a horse, between an amble and a gallop; -- commonly called a Canterbury gallop.

Auchenium (n.) The part of the neck nearest the back.

Auctary (n.) That which is superadded; augmentation.

Auction (n.) A public sale of property to the highest bidder, esp. by a person licensed and authorized for the purpose; a vendue.

Auction (n.) The things sold by auction or put up to auction.

Auctioneer (n.) A person who sells by auction; a person whose business it is to dispose of goods or lands by public sale to the highest or best bidder.

Aucupation (n.) Birdcatching; fowling.

Audaciousness (n.) The quality of being audacious; impudence; audacity.

Audacity (n.) Daring spirit, resolution, or confidence; venturesomeness.

Audacity (n.) Reckless daring; presumptuous impudence; -- implying a contempt of law or moral restraints.

Audibility (n.) The quality of being audible; power of being heard; audible capacity.

Audible (n.) That which may be heard.

Audibleness (n.) The quality of being audible.

Audient (n.) A hearer; especially a catechumen in the early church.

Audiometer (n.) An instrument by which the power of hearing can be gauged and recorded on a scale.

Audiphone (n.) An instrument which, placed against the teeth, conveys sound to the auditory nerve and enables the deaf to hear more or less distinctly; a dentiphone.

Audition (n.) The act of hearing or listening; hearing.

Auditorium (n.) The part of a church, theater, or other public building, assigned to the audience.

Auditorship (n.) The office or function of auditor.

Auditory (n.) An assembly of hearers; an audience.

Auditory (n.) An auditorium.

Auditress (n.) A female hearer.

Auf (n.) A changeling or elf child, -- that is, one left by fairies; a deformed or foolish child; a simpleton; an oaf.

Auger (n.) A carpenter's tool for boring holes larger than those bored by a gimlet. It has a handle placed crosswise by which it is turned with both hands. A pod auger is one with a straight channel or groove, like the half of a bean pod. A screw auger has a twisted blade, by the spiral groove of which the chips are discharge.

Auger (n.) An instrument for boring or perforating soils or rocks, for determining the quality of soils, or the nature of the rocks or strata upon which they lie, and for obtaining water.

Auget (n.) A priming tube connecting the charge chamber with the gallery, or place where the slow match is applied.

Aught (n.) Alt. of Aucht

Aucht (n.) Property; possession.

Aught (n.) Anything; any part.

Augite (n.) A variety of pyroxene, usually of a black or dark green color, occurring in igneous rocks, such as basalt; -- also used instead of the general term pyroxene.

Augment (n.) Enlargement by addition; increase.

Augment (n.) A vowel prefixed, or a lengthening of the initial vowel, to mark past time, as in Greek and Sanskrit verbs.

Augmentation (n.) The act or process of augmenting, or making larger, by addition, expansion, or dilation; increase.

Augmentation (n.) The state of being augmented; enlargement.

Augmentation (n.) The thing added by way of enlargement.

Augmentation (n.) A additional charge to a coat of arms, given as a mark of honor.

Augmentation (n.) The stage of a disease in which the symptoms go on increasing.

Augmentation (n.) In counterpoint and fugue, a repetition of the subject in tones of twice the original length.

Augmentative (n.) A word which expresses with augmented force the idea or the properties of the term from which it is derived; as, dullard, one very dull. Opposed to diminutive.

Augmenter (n.) One who, or that which, augments or increases anything.

Augrim (n.) See Algorism.

Augur (n.) An official diviner who foretold events by the singing, chattering, flight, and feeding of birds, or by signs or omens derived from celestial phenomena, certain appearances of quadrupeds, or unusual occurrences.

Augur (n.) One who foretells events by omens; a soothsayer; a diviner; a prophet.

Augurate (n.) The office of an augur.

Auguration (n.) The practice of augury.

Augurer (n.) An augur.

Augurist (n.) An augur.

Augurship (n.) The office, or period of office, of an augur.

Augury (n.) The art or practice of foretelling events by observing the actions of birds, etc.; divination.

Augury (n.) An omen; prediction; prognostication; indication of the future; presage.

Augury (n.) A rite, ceremony, or observation of an augur.

Augustan (n.) Of or pertaining to Augustus Caesar or to his times.

Augustan (n.) Of or pertaining to the town of Augsburg.

Augustine (n.) Alt. of Augustinian

Augustinian (n.) A member of one of the religious orders called after St. Augustine; an Austin friar.

Augustinian (n.) One of a class of divines, who, following St. Augustine, maintain that grace by its nature is effectual absolutely and creatively, not relatively and conditionally.

Augustinianism (n.) Alt. of Augustinism

Augustinism (n.) The doctrines held by Augustine or by the Augustinians.

Augustness (n.) The quality of being august; dignity of mien; grandeur; magnificence.

Auk (n.) A name given to various species of arctic sea birds of the family Alcidae. The great auk, now extinct, is Alca (/ Plautus) impennis. The razor-billed auk is A. torda. See Puffin, Guillemot, and Murre.

Aularian (n.) At Oxford, England, a member of a hall, distinguished from a collegian.

Aulic (n.) The ceremony observed in conferring the degree of doctor of divinity in some European universities. It begins by a harangue of the chancellor addressed to the young doctor, who then receives the cap, and presides at the disputation (also called the aulic).

Auln (n.) An ell. [Obs.] See Aune.

Aulnage (n.) Alt. of Aulnager

Aulnager (n.) See Alnage and Alnager.

Aum (n.) Same as Aam.

Aumbry (n.) Same as Ambry.

Aumery (n.) A form of Ambry, a closet; but confused with Almonry, as if a place for alms.

Auncel (n.) A rude balance for weighing, and a kind of weight, formerly used in England.

Auncetry (n.) Ancestry.

Aune (n.) A French cloth measure, of different parts of the country (at Paris, 0.95 of an English ell); -- now superseded by the meter.

Aunt (n.) The sister of one's father or mother; -- correlative to nephew or niece. Also applied to an uncle's wife.

Aunt (n.) An old woman; and old gossip.

Aunt (n.) A bawd, or a prostitute.

Auntter (n.) Adventure; hap.

Auntie (n.) Alt. of Aunty

Aunty (n.) A familiar name for an aunt. In the southern United States a familiar term applied to aged negro women.

Aura (n.) Any subtile, invisible emanation, effluvium, or exhalation from a substance, as the aroma of flowers, the odor of the blood, a supposed fertilizing emanation from the pollen of flowers, etc.

Aura (n.) The peculiar sensation, as of a light vapor, or cold air, rising from the trunk or limbs towards the head, a premonitory symptom of epilepsy or hysterics.

Aurate (n.) A combination of auric acid with a base; as, aurate or potassium.

Aurelia (n.) The chrysalis, or pupa of an insect, esp. when reflecting a brilliant golden color, as that of some of the butterflies.

Aurelia (n.) A genus of jellyfishes. See Discophora.

Aurelian (n.) An amateur collector and breeder of insects, esp. of butterflies and moths; a lepidopterist.

Aureola (n.) Alt. of Aureole

Aureole (n.) A celestial crown or accidental glory added to the bliss of heaven, as a reward to those (as virgins, martyrs, preachers, etc.) who have overcome the world, the flesh, and the devil.

Aureole (n.) The circle of rays, or halo of light, with which painters surround the figure and represent the glory of Christ, saints, and others held in special reverence.

Aureole (n.) A halo, actual or figurative.

Aureole (n.) See Areola, 2.

Aurichalcite (n.) A hydrous carbonate of copper and zinc, found in pale green or blue crystal

Auricle (n.) The external ear, or that part of the ear which is prominent from the head.

Auricle (n.) The chamber, or one of the two chambers, of the heart, by which the blood is received and transmitted to the ventricle or ventricles; -- so called from its resemblance to the auricle or external ear of some quadrupeds. See Heart.

Auricle (n.) An angular or ear-shaped lobe.

Auricle (n.) An instrument applied to the ears to give aid in hearing; a kind of ear trumpet.

Auricula (n.) A species of Primula, or primrose, called also, from the shape of its leaves, bear's-ear.

Auricula (n.) A species of Hirneola (H. auricula), a membranaceous fungus, called also auricula Judae, or Jew's-ear.

Auricula (n.) A genus of air-breathing mollusks mostly found near the sea, where the water is brackish

Auricula (n.) One of the five arched processes of the shell around the jaws of a sea urchin.

Auriflamme (n.) See Oriflamme.

Auriga (n.) The Charioteer, or Wagoner, a constellation in the northern hemisphere, situated between Perseus and Gemini. It contains the bright star Capella.

Aurigation (n.) The act of driving a chariot or a carriage.

Aurigraphy (n.) The art of writing with or in gold.

Aurin (n.) A red coloring matter derived from phenol; -- called also, in commerce, yellow corallin.

Auripigment (n.) See Orpiment.

Auriscalp (n.) An earpick.

Auriscope (n.) An instrument for examining the condition of the ear.

Auriscopy (n.) Examination of the ear by the aid of the auriscope.

Aurist (n.) One skilled in treating and curing disorders of the ear.

Aurochloride (n.) The trichloride of gold combination with the chloride of another metal, forming a double chloride; -- called also chloraurate.

Aurochs (n.) The European bison (Bison bonasus, / Europaeus), once widely distributed, but now nearly extinct, except where protected in the Lithuanian forests, and perhaps in the Caucasus. It is distinct from the Urus of Caesar, with which it has often been confused.

Aurocyanide (n.) A double cyanide of gold and some other metal or radical; -- called also cyanaurate.

Aurora (n.) The rising light of the morning; the dawn of day; the redness of the sky just before the sun rises.

Aurora (n.) The rise, dawn, or beginning.

Aurora (n.) The Roman personification of the dawn of day; the goddess of the morning. The poets represented her a rising out of the ocean, in a chariot, with rosy fingers dropping gentle dew.

Aurora (n.) A species of crowfoot.

Aurora (n.) The aurora borealis or aurora australis (northern or southern lights).

Aurum (n.) Gold.

Auscultation (n.) The act of listening or hearkening to.

Auscultation (n.) An examination by listening either directly with the ear (immediate auscultation) applied to parts of the body, as the abdomen; or with the stethoscope (mediate auscultation), in order to distinguish sounds recognized as a sign of health or of disease.

Auscultator (n.) One who practices auscultation.

Auster (n.) The south wind.

Austereness (n.) Harshness or astringent sourness to the taste; acerbity.

Austereness (n.) Severity; strictness; austerity.

Austerity (n.) Sourness and harshness to the taste.

Austerity (n.) Severity of manners or life; extreme rigor or strictness; harsh discip

Austerity (n.) Plainness; freedom from adornment; severe simplicity.

Australasian (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Australasia.

Australian (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Australia.

Austrian (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Austria.

Austrine (n.) Southern; southerly; austral.

Austromancy (n.) Soothsaying, or prediction of events, from observation of the winds.

Autarchy (n.) Self-sufficiency.

Authentic (n.) Having a genuine original or authority, in opposition to that which is false, fictitious, counterfeit, or apocryphal; being what it purports to be; genuine; not of doubtful origin; real; as, an authentic paper or register.

Authentic (n.) Authoritative.

Authentic (n.) Of approved authority; true; trustworthy; credible; as, an authentic writer; an authentic portrait; authentic information.

Authentic (n.) Vested with all due formalities, and legally attested.

Authentic (n.) Having as immediate relation to the tonic, in distinction from plagal, which has a correspondent relation to the dominant in the octave below the tonic.

Authentic (n.) An original (book or document).

Authenticalness (n.) The quality of being authentic; authenticity.

Authenticity (n.) The quality of being authentic or of established authority for truth and correctness.

Authenticity (n.) Genuineness; the quality of being genuine or not corrupted from the original.

Authenticness (n.) The quality of being authentic; authenticity.

Authentics (n.) A collection of the Novels or New Constitutions of Justinian, by an anonymous author; -- so called on account of its authenticity.

Author (n.) The beginner, former, or first mover of anything; hence, the efficient cause of a thing; a creator; an originator.

Author (n.) One who composes or writes a book; a composer, as distinguished from an editor, translator, or compiler.

Author (n.) The editor of a periodical.

Author (n.) An informant.

Authoress (n.) A female author.

Authorism (n.) Authorship.

Authority (n.) Legal or rightful power; a right to command or to act; power exercised buy a person in virtue of his office or trust; dominion; jurisdiction; authorization; as, the authority of a prince over subjects, and of parents over children; the authority of a court.

Authority (n.) Government; the persons or the body exercising power or command; as, the local authorities of the States; the military authorities.

Authority (n.) The power derived from opinion, respect, or esteem; influence of character, office, or station, or mental or moral superiority, and the like; claim to be believed or obeyed; as, an historian of no authority; a magistrate of great authority.

Authority (n.) That which, or one who, is claimed or appealed to in support of opinions, actions, measures, etc.

Authority (n.) Testimony; witness.

Authority (n.) A precedent; a decision of a court, an official declaration, or an opinion, saying, or statement worthy to be taken as a precedent.

Authority (n.) A book containing such a statement or opinion, or the author of the book.

Authority (n.) Justification; warrant.

Authorization (n.) The act of giving authority or legal power; establishment by authority; sanction or warrant.

Authorizer (n.) One who authorizes.

Authorship (n.) The quality or state of being an author; function or dignity of an author.

Authorship (n.) Source; origin; origination; as, the authorship of a book or review, or of an act, or state of affairs.

Authotype (n.) A type or block containing a facsimile of an autograph.

Autobiographer (n.) One who writers his own life or biography.

Autobiographist (n.) One who writes his own life; an autobiographer.

Autobiography (n.) A biography written by the subject of it; memoirs of one's life written by one's self.

Autochronograph (n.) An instrument for the instantaneous self-recording or printing of time.

Autochthon (n.) One who is supposed to rise or spring from the ground or the soil he inhabits; one of the original inhabitants or aborigines; a native; -- commonly in the plural. This title was assumed by the ancient Greeks, particularly the Athenians.

Autochthon (n.) That which is original to a particular country, or which had there its origin.

Autochthonism (n.) The state of being autochthonal.

Autochthony (n.) An aboriginal or autochthonous condition.

Autoclave (n.) A kind of French stewpan with a steam-tight lid.

Autocracy (n.) Independent or self-derived power; absolute or controlling authority; supremacy.

Autocracy (n.) Supreme, uncontrolled, unlimited authority, or right of governing in a single person, as of an autocrat.

Autocracy (n.) Political independence or absolute sovereignty (of a state); autonomy.

Autocracy (n.) The action of the vital principle, or of the instinctive powers, toward the preservation of the individual; also, the vital principle.

Autocrator (n.) An autocrat.

Autocratrix (n.) A female sovereign who is independent and absolute; -- a title given to the empresses of Russia.

Autocratship (n.) The office or dignity of an autocrat.

Auto-da-fe (n.) A judgment of the Inquisition in Spain and Portugal condemning or acquitting persons accused of religious offenses.

Auto-da-fe (n.) An execution of such sentence, by the civil power, esp. the burning of a heretic. It was usually held on Sunday, and was made a great public solemnity by impressive forms and ceremonies.

Auto-da-fe (n.) A session of the court of Inquisition.

Auto-de-fe (n.) Same as Auto-da-fe.

Autodidact (n.) One who is self-taught; an automath.

Autofecundation (n.) Self-impregnation.

Autogamy (n.) Self-fertilization, the fertilizing pollen being derived from the same blossom as the pistil acted upon.

Autogenesis (n.) Spontaneous generation.

Autograph (n.) That which is written with one's own hand; an original manuscript; a person's own signature or handwriting.

Autography (n.) The science of autographs; a person's own handwriting; an autograph.

Autography (n.) A process in lithography by which a writing or drawing is transferred from paper to stone.

Autolatry (n.) Self-worship.

Automath (n.) One who is self-taught.

Automatism (n.) The state or quality of being automatic; the power of self-moving; automatic, mechanical, or involuntary action. (Metaph.) A theory as to the activity of matter.

Automorphism (n.) Automorphic characterization.

Autonomasy (n.) The use of a word of common or general signification for the name of a particular thing; as, "He has gone to town," for, "He has gone to London."

Autoomist (n.) One who advocates autonomy.

Autonomy (n.) The power or right of self-government; self-government, or political independence, of a city or a state.

Autonomy (n.) The sovereignty of reason in the sphere of morals; or man's power, as possessed of reason, to give law to himself. In this, according to Kant, consist the true nature and only possible proof of liberty.

Autophoby (n.) Fear of one's self; fear of being egotistical.

Autophony (n.) An auscultatory process, which consists in noting the tone of the observer's own voice, while he speaks, holding his head close to the patient's chest.

Autoplasty (n.) The process of artificially repairing lesions by taking a piece of healthy tissue, as from a neighboring part, to supply the deficiency caused by disease or wounds.

Autopsorin (n.) That which is given under the doctrine of administering a patient's own virus.

Autotheism (n.) The doctrine of God's self-existence.

Autotheism (n.) Deification of one's self; self-worship.

Autotheist (n.) One given to self-worship.

Autotype (n.) A facsimile.

Autotype (n.) A photographic picture produced in sensitized pigmented gelatin by exposure to light under a negative; and subsequent washing out of the soluble parts; a kind of picture in ink from a gelatin plate.

Autotypography (n.) A process resembling "nature printing," by which drawings executed on gelatin are impressed into a soft metal plate, from which the printing is done as from copperplate.

Autotypy (n.) The art or process of making autotypes.

Autumn (n.) The third season of the year, or the season between summer and winter, often called "the fall." Astronomically, it begins in the northern temperate zone at the autumnal equinox, about September 23, and ends at the winter solstice, about December 23; but in popular language, autumn, in America, comprises September, October, and November.

Autumn (n.) The harvest or fruits of autumn.

Autumn (n.) The time of maturity or dec

Auxanometer (n.) An instrument to measure the growth of plants.

Auxesis (n.) A figure by which a grave and magnificent word is put for the proper word; amplification; hyperbole.

Auxiliar (n.) An auxiliary.

Auxiliary (n.) A helper; an assistant; a confederate in some action or enterprise.

Auxiliary (n.) Foreign troops in the service of a nation at war; (rarely in sing.), a member of the allied or subsidiary force.

Ava (n.) Same as Kava.

Avadavat (n.) Same as Amadavat.

Avail (n.) Profit; advantage toward success; benefit; value; as, labor, without economy, is of little avail.

Avail (n.) Proceeds; as, the avails of a sale by auction.

Availability (n.) The quality of being available; availableness.

Availability (n.) That which is available.

Availableness (n.) Competent power; validity; efficacy; as, the availableness of a title.

Availableness (n.) Quality of being available; capability of being used for the purpose intended.

Availment (n.) Profit; advantage.

Avalanche (n.) A large mass or body of snow and ice sliding swiftly down a mountain side, or falling down a precipice.

Avalanche (n.) A fall of earth, rocks, etc., similar to that of an avalanche of snow or ice.

Avalanche (n.) A sudden, great, or irresistible descent or influx of anything.

Avant (n.) The front of an army. [Obs.] See Van.

Avant-courier (n.) A person dispatched before another person or company, to give notice of his or their approach.

Avant-guard (n.) The van or advanced body of an army. See Vanguard.

Avarice (n.) An excessive or inordinate desire of gain; greediness after wealth; covetousness; cupidity.

Avarice (n.) An inordinate desire for some supposed good.

Avatar (n.) The descent of a deity to earth, and his incarnation as a man or an animal; -- chiefly associated with the incarnations of Vishnu.

Avatar (n.) Incarnation; manifestation as an object of worship or admiration.

Avaunt (n.) A vaunt; to boast.

Avauntour (n.) A boaster.

Ave (n.) An ave Maria.

Ave (n.) A reverential salutation.

Avena (n.) A genus of grasses, including the common oat (Avena sativa); the oat grasses.

Avenage (n.) A quantity of oats paid by a tenant to a landlord in lieu of rent.

Avener (n.) An officer of the king's stables whose duty it was to provide oats for the horses.

Avenge (n.) Vengeance; revenge.

Avengeance (n.) Vengeance.

Avengement (n.) The inflicting of retributive punishment; satisfaction taken.

Avenger (n.) One who avenges or vindicates; as, an avenger of blood.

Avenger (n.) One who takes vengeance.

Avengeress (n.) A female avenger.

Avenor (n.) See Avener.

Avens (n.) A plant of the genus Geum, esp. Geum urbanum, or herb bennet.

Aventail (n.) The movable front to a helmet; the ventail.

Aventine (n.) A post of security or defense.

Aventure (n.) Accident; chance; adventure.

Aventure (n.) A mischance causing a person's death without felony, as by drowning, or falling into the fire.

Aventurine (n.) A kind of glass, containing gold-colored spangles. It was produced in the first place by the accidental (par aventure) dropping of some brass filings into a pot of melted glass.

Aventurine (n.) A variety of translucent quartz, spangled throughout with scales of yellow mica.

Avenue (n.) A way or opening for entrance into a place; a passage by which a place may by reached; a way of approach or of exit.

Avenue (n.) The principal walk or approach to a house which is withdrawn from the road, especially, such approach bordered on each side by trees; any broad passageway thus bordered.

Avenue (n.) A broad street; as, the Fifth Avenue in New York.

Aver (n.) A work horse, or working ox.

Average (n.) That service which a tenant owed his lord, to be done by the work beasts of the tenant, as the carriage of wheat, turf, etc.

Average (n.) A tariff or duty on goods, etc.

Average (n.) Any charge in addition to the regular charge for freight of goods shipped.

Average (n.) A contribution to a loss or charge which has been imposed upon one of several for the general benefit; damage done by sea perils.

Average (n.) The equitable and proportionate distribution of loss or expense among all interested.

Average (n.) A mean proportion, medial sum or quantity, made out of unequal sums or quantities; an arithmetical mean. Thus, if A loses 5 dollars, B 9, and C 16, the sum is 30, and the average 10.

Average (n.) Any medial estimate or general statement derived from a comparison of diverse specific cases; a medium or usual size, quantity, quality, rate, etc.

Average (n.) In the English corn trade, the medial price of the several kinds of grain in the principal corn markets.

Avercorn (n.) A reserved rent in corn, formerly paid to religious houses by their tenants or farmers.

Averpenny (n.) Money paid by a tenant in lieu of the service of average.

Averroism (n.) The tenets of the Averroists.

Averroist (n.) One of a sect of peripatetic philosophers, who appeared in Italy before the restoration of learning; so denominated from Averroes, or Averrhoes, a celebrated Arabian philosopher. He held the doctrine of monopsychism.

Averruncation (n.) The act of averting.

Averruncation (n.) Eradication.

Averruncator (n.) An instrument for pruning trees, consisting of two blades, or a blade and a hook, fixed on the end of a long rod.

Aversation (n.) A turning from with dislike; aversion.

Averseness (n.) The quality of being averse; opposition of mind; unwillingness.

Aversion (n.) A turning away.

Aversion (n.) Opposition or repugnance of mind; fixed dislike; antipathy; disinclination; reluctance.

Aversion (n.) The object of dislike or repugnance.

Avert (n.) To turn aside, or away; as, to avert the eyes from an object; to ward off, or prevent, the occurrence or effects of; as, how can the danger be averted? "To avert his ire."

Averter (n.) One who, or that which, averts.

Avertiment (n.) Advertisement.

Avesta (n.) The Zoroastrian scriptures. See Zend-Avesta.

Aviary (n.) A house, inclosure, large cage, or other place, for keeping birds confined; a bird house.

Aviation (n.) The art or science of flying.

Aviator (n.) An experimenter in aviation.

Aviator (n.) A flying machine.

Avicula (n.) A genus of marine bivalves, having a pearly interior, allied to the pearl oyster; -- so called from a supposed resemblance of the typical species to a bird.

Aviculture (n.) Rearing and care of birds.

Avidity (n.) Greediness; strong appetite; eagerness; intenseness of desire; as, to eat with avidity.

Avifauna (n.) The birds, or all the kinds of birds, inhabiting a region.

Avigato (n.) See Avocado.

Avis (n.) Advice; opinion; deliberation.

Avisement (n.) Advisement; observation; deliberation.

Avision (n.) Vision.

Aviso (n.) Information; advice.

Aviso (n.) An advice boat, or dispatch boat.

Avocado (n.) The pulpy fruit of Persea gratissima, a tree of tropical America. It is about the size and shape of a large pear; -- called also avocado pear, alligator pear, midshipman's butter.

Avocat (n.) An advocate.

Avocation (n.) A calling away; a diversion.

Avocation (n.) That which calls one away from one's regular employment or vocation.

Avocation (n.) Pursuits; duties; affairs which occupy one's time; usual employment; vocation.

Avocative (n.) That which calls aside; a dissuasive.

Avocet (n.) Alt. of Avoset

Avoset (n.) A grallatorial bird, of the genus Recurvirostra; the scooper. The bill is long and bend upward toward the tip. The American species is R. Americana.

Avoidance (n.) The act of annulling; annulment.

Avoidance (n.) The act of becoming vacant, or the state of being vacant; -- specifically used for the state of a benefice becoming void by the death, deprivation, or resignation of the incumbent.

Avoidance (n.) A dismissing or a quitting; removal; withdrawal.

Avoidance (n.) The act of avoiding or shunning; keeping clear of.

Avoidance (n.) The courts by which anything is carried off.

Avoider (n.) The person who carries anything away, or the vessel in which things are carried away.

Avoider (n.) One who avoids, shuns, or escapes.

Avoirdupois (n.) Goods sold by weight.

Avoirdupois (n.) Avoirdupois weight.

Avoirdupois (n.) Weight; heaviness; as, a woman of much avoirdupois.

Avolation (n.) The act of flying; flight; evaporation.

Avoset (n.) Same as Avocet.

Avouch (n.) Evidence; declaration.

Avoucher (n.) One who avouches.

Avouchment (n.) The act of avouching; positive declaration.

Avoutrer (n.) See Advoutrer.

Avoutrie (n.) Adultery.

Avow (n.) Avowal.

Avow (n.) To bind, or to devote, by a vow.

Avow (n.) A vow or determination.

Avowal (n.) An open declaration; frank acknowledgment; as, an avowal of such principles.

Avowance (n.) Act of avowing; avowal.

Avowance (n.) Upholding; defense; vindication.

Avowant (n.) The defendant in replevin, who avows the distress of the goods, and justifies the taking.

Avowee (n.) The person who has a right to present to a benefice; the patron; an advowee. See Advowson.

Avower (n.) One who avows or asserts.

Avowry (n.) An advocate; a patron; a patron saint.

Avowry (n.) The act of the distrainer of goods, who, in an action of replevin, avows and justifies the taking in his own right.

Avoyer (n.) A chief magistrate of a free imperial city or canton of Switzerland.

Avulsion (n.) A tearing asunder; a forcible separation.

Avulsion (n.) A fragment torn off.

Avulsion (n.) The sudden removal of lands or soil from the estate of one man to that of another by an inundation or a current, or by a sudden change in the course of a river by which a part of the estate of one man is cut off and joined to the estate of another. The property in the part thus separated, or cut off, continues in the original owner.

Await (n.) A waiting for; ambush; watch; watching; heed.

Awakener (n.) One who, or that which, awakens.

Awakening (n.) The act of awaking, or ceasing to sleep. Specifically: A revival of religion, or more general attention to religious matters than usual.

Awakenment (n.) An awakening.

Awarder (n.) One who awards, or assigns by sentence or judicial determination; a judge.

Awe (n.) Dread; great fear mingled with respect.

Awe (n.) The emotion inspired by something dreadful and sublime; an undefined sense of the dreadful and the sublime; reverential fear, or solemn wonder; profound reverence.

Awesomeness (n.) The quality of being awesome.

Awfulness (n.) The quality of striking with awe, or with reverence; dreadfulness; solemnity; as, the awfulness of this sacred place.

Awfulness (n.) The state of being struck with awe; a spirit of solemnity; profound reverence.

Awl (n.) A pointed instrument for piercing small holes, as in leather or wood; used by shoemakers, saddlers, cabinetmakers, etc. The blade is differently shaped and pointed for different uses, as in the brad awl, saddler's awl, shoemaker's awl, etc.

Awlessness (n.) The quality of being awless.

Awlwort (n.) A plant (Subularia aquatica), with awl-shaped leaves.

Awm (n.) See Aam.

Awn (n.) The bristle or beard of barley, oats, grasses, etc., or any similar bristlelike appendage; arista.

Awning (n.) A rooflike cover, usually of canvas, extended over or before any place as a shelter from the sun, rain, or wind.

Awning (n.) That part of the poop deck which is continued forward beyond the bulkhead of the cabin.

Ax (n.) Alt. of Axe

Axe (n.) A tool or instrument of steel, or of iron with a steel edge or blade, for felling trees, chopping and splitting wood, hewing timber, etc. It is wielded by a wooden helve or handle, so fixed in a socket or eye as to be in the same plane with the blade. The broadax, or carpenter's ax, is an ax for hewing timber, made heavier than the chopping ax, and with a broader and thinner blade and a shorter handle.

Axil (n.) The angle or point of divergence between the upper side of a branch, leaf, or petiole, and the stem or branch from which it springs.

Axilla (n.) The armpit, or the cavity beneath the junction of the arm and shoulder.

Axilla (n.) An axil.

Axinite (n.) A borosilicate of alumina, iron, and lime, commonly found in glassy, brown crystals with acute edges.

Axinomancy (n.) A species of divination, by means of an ax or hatchet.

Axis (n.) The spotted deer (Cervus axis or Axis maculata) of India, where it is called hog deer and parrah (Moorish name).

Axis (n.) A straight

Axis (n.) A straight

Axis (n.) The stem; the central part, or longitudinal support, on which organs or parts are arranged; the central

Axis (n.) The second vertebra of the neck, or vertebra dentata.

Axis (n.) Also used of the body only of the vertebra, which is prolonged anteriorly within the foramen of the first vertebra or atlas, so as to form the odontoid process or peg which serves as a pivot for the atlas and head to turn upon.

Axis (n.) One of several imaginary

Axis (n.) The primary or secondary central

Axle (n.) The pin or spindle on which a wheel revolves, or which revolves with a wheel.

Axle (n.) A transverse bar or shaft connecting the opposite wheels of a car or carriage; an axletree.

Axle (n.) An axis; as, the sun's axle.

Axletree (n.) A bar or beam of wood or iron, connecting the opposite wheels of a carriage, on the ends of which the wheels revolve.

Axletree (n.) A spindle or axle of a wheel.

Axman (n.) One who wields an ax.

Axminster (n.) An Axminster carpet, an imitation Turkey carpet, noted for its thick and soft pile; -- so called from Axminster, Eng.

Axolotl (n.) An amphibian of the salamander tribe found in the elevated lakes of Mexico; the siredon.

Axstone (n.) A variety of jade. It is used by some savages, particularly the natives of the South Sea Islands, for making axes or hatchets.

Axtree (n.) Axle or axletree.

Axunge (n.) Fat; grease; esp. the fat of pigs or geese; usually (Pharm.), lard prepared for medical use.

Ayah (n.) A native nurse for children; also, a lady's maid.

Aye (n.) An affirmative vote; one who votes in the affirmative; as, "To call for the ayes and noes;" "The ayes have it."

Aye-aye (n.) A singular nocturnal quadruped, allied to the lemurs, found in Madagascar (Cheiromys Madagascariensis), remarkable for its long fingers, sharp nails, and rodent-like incisor teeth.

Ayegreen (n.) The houseleek (Sempervivum tectorum).

Ayle (n.) A grandfather.

Ayme (n.) The utterance of the ejaculation "Ay me !" [Obs.] See Ay, interj.

Ayrie (n.) Alt. of Ayry

Ayry (n.) See Aerie.

Ayrshire (n.) One of a superior breed of cattle from Ayrshire, Scotland. Ayrshires are notable for the quantity and quality of their milk.

Ayuntamiento (n.) In Spain and Spanish America, a corporation or body of magistrates in cities and towns, corresponding to mayor and aldermen.

Azalea (n.) A genus of showy flowering shrubs, mostly natives of China or of North America; false honeysuckle. The genus is scarcely distinct from Rhododendron.

Azarole (n.) The Neapolitan medlar (Crataegus azarolus), a shrub of southern Europe; also, its fruit.

Azedarach (n.) A handsome Asiatic tree (Melia azedarach), common in the southern United States; -- called also, Pride of India, Pride of China, and Bead tree.

Azedarach (n.) The bark of the roots of the azedarach, used as a cathartic and emetic.

Azimuth (n.) The quadrant of an azimuth circle.

Azimuth (n.) An arc of the horizon intercepted between the meridian of the place and a vertical circle passing through the center of any object; as, the azimuth of a star; the azimuth or bearing of a

Azobenzene (n.) A substance (C6H5.N2.C6H5) derived from nitrobenzene, forming orange red crystals which are easily fusible.

Azorian (n.) A native of the Azores.

Azote (n.) Same as Nitrogen.

Azoth (n.) The first principle of metals, i. e., mercury, which was formerly supposed to exist in all metals, and to be extractable from them.

Azoth (n.) The universal remedy of Paracelsus.

Azotite (n.) A salt formed by the combination of azotous, or nitrous, acid with a base; a nitrite.

Azotometer (n.) An apparatus for measuring or determining the proportion of nitrogen; a nitrometer.

Aztec (n.) One of the Aztec race or people.

Azure (n.) The lapis lazuli.

Azure (n.) The clear blue color of the sky; also, a pigment or dye of this color.

Azure (n.) The blue vault above; the unclouded sky.

Azure (n.) A blue color, represented in engraving by horizontal parallel

Azurine (n.) The blue roach of Europe (Leuciscus caeruleus); -- so called from its color.

Azurite (n.) Blue carbonate of copper; blue malachite.

Azym (n.) Alt. of Azyme

Azyme (n.) Unleavened bread.

Azymite (n.) One who administered the Eucharist with unleavened bread; -- a name of reproach given by those of the Greek church to the Latins.





About the author

Mark McCracken

Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".

Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken , All Rights Reserved. , found 5415 occurrences in 1 file(s)