Singular Nouns Starting with B

Baa (n.) The cry or bleating of a sheep; a bleat.

Baaing (n.) The bleating of a sheep.

Baal (n.) The supreme male divinity of the Phoenician and Canaanitish nations.

Baal (n.) The whole class of divinities to whom the name Baal was applied.

Baalism (n.) Worship of Baal; idolatry.

Baalist (n.) Alt. of Baalite

Baalite (n.) A worshiper of Baal; a devotee of any false religion; an idolater.

Baba (n.) A kind of plum cake.

Babble (n.) Idle talk; senseless prattle; gabble; twaddle.

Babble (n.) Inarticulate speech; constant or confused murmur.

Babblement (n.) Babble.

Babbler (n.) An idle talker; an irrational prater; a teller of secrets.

Babbler (n.) A hound too noisy on finding a good scent.

Babbler (n.) A name given to any one of family (Timalinae) of thrushlike birds, having a chattering note.

Babblery (n.) Babble.

Babe (n.) An infant; a young child of either sex; a baby.

Babe (n.) A doll for children.

Babehood (n.) Babyhood.

Babel (n.) The city and tower in the land of Shinar, where the confusion of languages took place.

Babel (n.) Hence: A place or scene of noise and confusion; a confused mixture of sounds, as of voices or languages.

Babery (n.) Finery of a kind to please a child.

Babian (n.) Alt. of Babion

Babion (n.) A baboon.

Babillard (n.) The lesser whitethroat of Europe; -- called also babbling warbler.

Babingtonite (n.) A mineral occurring in triclinic crystals approaching pyroxene in angle, and of a greenish black color. It is a silicate of iron, manganese, and lime.

Babiroussa (n.) Alt. of Babirussa

Babirussa (n.) A large hoglike quadruped (Sus, / Porcus, babirussa) of the East Indies, sometimes domesticated; the Indian hog. Its upper canine teeth or tusks are large and recurved.

Babism (n.) The doctrine of a modern religious sect, which originated in Persia in 1843, being a mixture of Mohammedan, Christian, Jewish and Parsee elements.

Babist (n.) A believer in Babism.

Bablah (n.) The ring of the fruit of several East Indian species of acacia; neb-neb. It contains gallic acid and tannin, and is used for dyeing drab.

Baboo (n.) Alt. of Babu

Babu (n.) A Hindoo gentleman; a native clerk who writes English; also, a Hindoo title answering to Mr. or Esquire.

Baboon (n.) One of the Old World Quadrumana, of the genera Cynocephalus and Papio; the dog-faced ape. Baboons have dog-like muzzles and large canine teeth, cheek pouches, a short tail, and naked callosities on the buttocks. They are mostly African. See Mandrill, and Chacma, and Drill an ape.

Baboonery (n.) Baboonish behavior.

Baby (n.) An infant or young child of either sex; a babe.

Baby (n.) A small image of an infant; a doll.

Babyhood (n.) The state or period of infancy.

Babyism (n.) The state of being a baby.

Babyism (n.) A babyish manner of acting or speaking.

Babylonian (n.) An inhabitant of Babylonia (which included Chaldea); a Chaldean.

Babylonian (n.) An astrologer; -- so called because the Chaldeans were remarkable for the study of astrology.

Babylonish (n.) Of or pertaining to, or made in, Babylon or Babylonia.

Babylonish (n.) Pertaining to the Babylon of Revelation xiv. 8.

Babylonish (n.) Pertaining to Rome and papal power.

Babylonish (n.) Confused; Babel-like.

Babyroussa (n.) Alt. of Babyrussa

Babyrussa (n.) See Babyroussa.

Babyship (n.) The quality of being a baby; the personality of an infant.

Bac (n.) A broad, flatbottomed ferryboat, usually worked by a rope.

Bac (n.) A vat or cistern. See 1st Back.

Baccalaureate (n.) The degree of bachelor of arts. (B.A. or A.B.), the first or lowest academical degree conferred by universities and colleges.

Baccalaureate (n.) A baccalaureate sermon.

Baccara (n.) Alt. of Baccarat

Baccarat (n.) A French game of cards, played by a banker and punters.

Bacchanal (n.) A devotee of Bacchus; one who indulges in drunken revels; one who is noisy and riotous when intoxicated; a carouser.

Bacchanal (n.) The festival of Bacchus; the bacchanalia.

Bacchanal (n.) Drunken revelry; an orgy.

Bacchanal (n.) A song or dance in honor of Bacchus.

Bacchanalian (n.) A bacchanal; a drunken reveler.

Bacchanalianism (n.) The practice of bacchanalians; bacchanals; drunken revelry.

Bacchant (n.) A priest of Bacchus.

Bacchant (n.) A bacchanal; a reveler.

Bacchante (n.) A priestess of Bacchus.

Bacchante (n.) A female bacchanal.

Bacchius (n.) A metrical foot composed of a short syllable and two long ones; according to some, two long and a short.

Bacchus (n.) The god of wine, son of Jupiter and Semele.

Bacharach (n.) Alt. of Backarack

Backarack (n.) A kind of wine made at Bacharach on the Rhine.

Bachelor (n.) A man of any age who has not been married.

Bachelor (n.) An unmarried woman.

Bachelor (n.) A person who has taken the first or lowest degree in the liberal arts, or in some branch of science, at a college or university; as, a bachelor of arts.

Bachelor (n.) A knight who had no standard of his own, but fought under the standard of another in the field; often, a young knight.

Bachelor (n.) In the companies of London tradesmen, one not yet admitted to wear the livery; a junior member.

Bachelor (n.) A kind of bass, an edible fresh-water fish (Pomoxys annularis) of the southern United States.

Bachelordom (n.) The state of bachelorhood; the whole body of bachelors.

Bachelorhood (n.) The state or condition of being a bachelor; bachelorship.

Bachelorism (n.) Bachelorhood; also, a manner or peculiarity belonging to bachelors.

Bachelorship (n.) The state of being a bachelor.

Bachelry (n.) The body of young aspirants for knighthood.

Bacillus (n.) A variety of bacterium; a microscopic, rod-shaped vegetable organism.

Back (n.) A large shallow vat; a cistern, tub, or trough, used by brewers, distillers, dyers, picklers, gluemakers, and others, for mixing or cooling wort, holding water, hot glue, etc.

Back (n.) A ferryboat. See Bac, 1.

Back (n.) In human beings, the hinder part of the body, extending from the neck to the end of the spine; in other animals, that part of the body which corresponds most nearly to such part of a human being; as, the back of a horse, fish, or lobster.

Back (n.) An extended upper part, as of a mountain or ridge.

Back (n.) The outward or upper part of a thing, as opposed to the inner or lower part; as, the back of the hand, the back of the foot, the back of a hand rail.

Back (n.) The part opposed to the front; the hinder or rear part of a thing; as, the back of a book; the back of an army; the back of a chimney.

Back (n.) The part opposite to, or most remote from, that which fronts the speaker or actor; or the part out of sight, or not generally seen; as, the back of an island, of a hill, or of a village.

Back (n.) The part of a cutting tool on the opposite side from its edge; as, the back of a knife, or of a saw.

Back (n.) A support or resource in reserve.

Back (n.) The keel and keelson of a ship.

Back (n.) The upper part of a lode, or the roof of a horizontal underground passage.

Back (n.) A garment for the back; hence, clothing.

Backarack (n.) See Bacharach.

Backband (n.) The band which passes over the back of a horse and holds up the shafts of a carriage.

Backbiter (n.) One who backbites; a secret calumniator or detractor.

Backbiting (n.) Secret slander; detraction.

Backboard (n.) A board which supports the back wen one is sitting;

Backboard (n.) A board serving as the back part of anything, as of a wagon.

Backboard (n.) A thin stuff used for the backs of framed pictures, mirrors, etc.

Backboard (n.) A board attached to the rim of a water wheel to prevent the water from running off the floats or paddies into the interior of the wheel.

Backboard (n.) A board worn across the back to give erectness to the figure.

Backbond (n.) An instrument which, in conjunction with another making an absolute disposition, constitutes a trust.

Backbone (n.) The column of bones in the back which sustains and gives firmness to the frame; the spine; the vertebral or spinal column.

Backbone (n.) Anything like , or serving the purpose of, a backbone.

Backbone (n.) Firmness; moral principle; steadfastness.

Backcast (n.) Anything which brings misfortune upon one, or causes failure in an effort or enterprise; a reverse.

Backdown (n.) A receding or giving up; a complete surrender.

Backer (n.) One who, or that which, backs; especially one who backs a person or thing in a contest.

Backfall (n.) A fall or throw on the back in wrestling.

Backfriend (n.) A secret enemy.

Backgammon (n.) A game of chance and skill, played by two persons on a "board" marked off into twenty-four spaces called "points". Each player has fifteen pieces, or "men", the movements of which from point to point are determined by throwing dice. Formerly called tables.

Background (n.) Ground in the rear or behind, or in the distance, as opposed to the foreground, or the ground in front.

Background (n.) The space which is behind and subordinate to a portrait or group of figures.

Background (n.) Anything behind, serving as a foil; as, the statue had a background of red hangings.

Background (n.) A place in obscurity or retirement, or out of sight.

Backhand (n.) A kind of handwriting in which the downward slope of the letters is from left to right.

Backhandedness (n.) State of being backhanded; the using of backhanded or indirect methods.

Backhander (n.) A backhanded blow.

Backhouse (n.) A building behind the main building. Specifically: A privy; a necessary.

Backing (n.) The act of moving backward, or of putting or moving anything backward.

Backing (n.) That which is behind, and forms the back of, anything, usually giving strength or stability.

Backing (n.) Support or aid given to a person or cause.

Backing (n.) The preparation of the back of a book with glue, etc., before putting on the cover.

Backjoint (n.) A rebate or chase in masonry left to receive a permanent slab or other filling.

Backlash (n.) The distance through which one part of connected machinery, as a wheel, piston, or screw, can be moved without moving the connected parts, resulting from looseness in fitting or from wear; also, the jarring or reflex motion caused in badly fitting machinery by irregularities in velocity or a reverse of motion.

Backlog (n.) A large stick of wood, forming the back of a fire on the hearth.

Backpiece (n.) Alt. of Backplate

Backplate (n.) A piece, or plate which forms the back of anything, or which covers the back; armor for the back.

Backrack (n.) Alt. of Backrag

Backrag (n.) See Bacharach.

Backsaw (n.) A saw (as a tenon saw) whose blade is stiffened by an added metallic back.

Backset (n.) A check; a relapse; a discouragement; a setback.

Backset (n.) Whatever is thrown back in its course, as water.

Backsettler (n.) One living in the back or outlying districts of a community.

Backsheesh (n.) Alt. of Backshish

Backshish (n.) In Egypt and the Turkish empire, a gratuity; a "tip".

Backside (n.) The hinder part, posteriors, or rump of a person or animal.

Backsight (n.) The reading of the leveling staff in its unchanged position when the leveling instrument has been taken to a new position; a sight directed backwards to a station previously occupied. Cf. Foresight, n., 3.

Backslider (n.) One who backslides.

Backsliding (n.) The act of one who backslides; abandonment of faith or duty.

Backstaff (n.) An instrument formerly used for taking the altitude of the heavenly bodies, but now superseded by the quadrant and sextant; -- so called because the observer turned his back to the body observed.

Backstay (n.) A rope or stay extending from the masthead to the side of a ship, slanting a little aft, to assist the shrouds in supporting the mast.

Backstay (n.) A rope or strap used to prevent excessive forward motion.

Backster (n.) A backer.

Backstitch (n.) A stitch made by setting the needle back of the end of the last stitch, and bringing it out in front of the end.

Backstress (n.) A female baker.

Backsword (n.) A sword with one sharp edge.

Backsword (n.) In England, a stick with a basket handle, used in rustic amusements; also, the game in which the stick is used. Also called singlestick.

Backward (n.) The state behind or past.

Backwardation (n.) The seller's postponement of delivery of stock or shares, with the consent of the buyer, upon payment of a premium to the latter; -- also, the premium so paid. See Contango.

Backwardness (n.) The state of being backward.

Backwater (n.) Water turned back in its course by an obstruction, an opposing current , or the flow of the tide, as in a sewer or river channel, or across a river bar.

Backwater (n.) An accumulation of water overflowing the low lands, caused by an obstruction.

Backwater (n.) Water thrown back by the turning of a waterwheel, or by the paddle wheels of a steamer.

Backwoodsman (n.) A man living in the forest in or beyond the new settlements, especially on the western frontiers of the older portions of the United States.

Backworm (n.) A disease of hawks. See Filanders.

Bacon (n.) The back and sides of a pig salted and smoked; formerly, the flesh of a pig salted or fresh.

Bactericide (n.) Same as Germicide.

Bacteriologist (n.) One skilled in bacteriology.

Bacteriology (n.) The science relating to bacteria.

Bacterioscopist (n.) One skilled in bacterioscopic examinations.

Bacterioscopy (n.) The application of a knowledge of bacteria for their detection and identification, as in the examination of polluted water.

Bacterium (n.) A microscopic vegetable organism, belonging to the class Algae, usually in the form of a jointed rodlike filament, and found in putrefying organic infusions. Bacteria are destitute of chlorophyll, and are the smallest of microscopic organisms. They are very widely diffused in nature, and multiply with marvelous rapidity, both by fission and by spores. Certain species are active agents in fermentation, while others appear to be the cause of certain infectious diseases. See Ba>

Bactrian (n.) A native of Bactria.

Bacule (n.) See Bascule.

Baculite (n.) A cephalopod of the extinct genus Baculites, found fossil in the Cretaceous rocks. It is like an uncoiled ammonite.

Baculometry (n.) Measurement of distance or altitude by a staff or staffs.

Badderlocks (n.) A large black seaweed (Alaria esculenta) sometimes eaten in Europe; -- also called murlins, honeyware, and henware.

Badge (n.) A distinctive mark, token, sign, or cognizance, worn on the person; as, the badge of a society; the badge of a policeman.

Badge (n.) Something characteristic; a mark; a token.

Badge (n.) A carved ornament on the stern of a vessel, containing a window or the representation of one.

Badger (n.) An itinerant licensed dealer in commodities used for food; a hawker; a huckster; -- formerly applied especially to one who bought grain in one place and sold it in another.

Badger (n.) A carnivorous quadruped of the genus Meles or of an allied genus. It is a burrowing animal, with short, thick legs, and long claws on the fore feet. One species (M. vulgaris), called also brock, inhabits the north of Europe and Asia; another species (Taxidea Americana / Labradorica) inhabits the northern parts of North America. See Teledu.

Badger (n.) A brush made of badgers' hair, used by artists.

Badgerer (n.) One who badgers.

Badgerer (n.) A kind of dog used in badger baiting.

Badgering (n.) The act of one who badgers.

Badgering (n.) The practice of buying wheat and other kinds of food in one place and selling them in another for a profit.

Badiaga (n.) A fresh-water sponge (Spongilla), common in the north of Europe, the powder of which is used to take away the livid marks of bruises.

Badian (n.) An evergreen Chinese shrub of the Magnolia family (Illicium anisatum), and its aromatic seeds; Chinese anise; star anise.

Badigeon (n.) A cement or paste (as of plaster and freestone, or of sawdust and glue or lime) used by sculptors, builders, and workers in wood or stone, to fill holes, cover defects, or finish a surface.

Badinage (n.) Playful raillery; banter.

Badminton (n.) A game, similar to lawn tennis, played with shuttlecocks.

Badminton (n.) A preparation of claret, spiced and sweetened.

Badness (n.) The state of being bad.

Baenomere (n.) One of the somites (arthromeres) that make up the thorax of Arthropods.

Baenopod (n.) One of the thoracic legs of Arthropods.

Baenosome (n.) The thorax of Arthropods.

Baff (n.) A blow; a stroke.

Baffle (n.) A defeat by artifice, shifts, and turns; discomfiture.

Bafflement (n.) The process or act of baffling, or of being baffled; frustration; check.

Baffler (n.) One who, or that which, baffles.

Baft (n.) Same as Bafta.

Bafta (n.) A coarse stuff, usually of cotton, originally made in India. Also, an imitation of this fabric made for export.

Bag (n.) A sack or pouch, used for holding anything; as, a bag of meal or of money.

Bag (n.) A sac, or dependent gland, in animal bodies, containing some fluid or other substance; as, the bag of poison in the mouth of some serpents; the bag of a cow.

Bag (n.) A sort of silken purse formerly tied about men's hair behind, by way of ornament.

Bag (n.) The quantity of game bagged.

Bag (n.) A certain quantity of a commodity, such as it is customary to carry to market in a sack; as, a bag of pepper or hops; a bag of coffee.

Bagasse (n.) Sugar cane, as it comes crushed from the mill. It is then dried and used as fuel. Also extended to the refuse of beetroot sugar.

Bagatelle (n.) A trifle; a thing of no importance.

Bagatelle (n.) A game played on an oblong board, having, at one end, cups or arches into or through which balls are to be driven by a rod held in the hand of the player.

Baggage (n.) The clothes, tents, utensils, and provisions of an army.

Baggage (n.) The trunks, valises, satchels, etc., which a traveler carries with him on a journey; luggage.

Baggage (n.) Purulent matter.

Baggage (n.) Trashy talk.

Baggage (n.) A man of bad character.

Baggage (n.) A woman of loose morals; a prostitute.

Baggage (n.) A romping, saucy girl.

Baggager (n.) One who takes care of baggage; a camp follower.

Baggala (n.) A two-masted Arab or Indian trading vessel, used in Indian Ocean.

Bagging (n.) Cloth or other material for bags.

Bagging (n.) The act of putting anything into, or as into, a bag.

Bagging (n.) The act of swelling; swelling.

Bagging (n.) Reaping peas, beans, wheat, etc., with a chopping stroke.

Bagman (n.) A commercial traveler; one employed to solicit orders for manufacturers and tradesmen.

Bagnio (n.) A house for bathing, sweating, etc.; -- also, in Turkey, a prison for slaves.

Bagnio (n.) A brothel; a stew; a house of prostitution.

Bagpipe (n.) A musical wind instrument, now used chiefly in the Highlands of Scotland.

Bagpiper (n.) One who plays on a bagpipe; a piper.

Bagreef (n.) The lower reef of fore and aft sails; also, the upper reef of topsails.

Bague (n.) The annular molding or group of moldings dividing a long shaft or clustered column into two or more parts.

Baguet (n.) Alt. of Baguette

Baguette (n.) A small molding, like the astragal, but smaller; a bead.

Baguette (n.) One of the minute bodies seen in the divided nucleoli of some Infusoria after conjugation.

Bagwig (n.) A wig, in use in the 18th century, with the hair at the back of the head in a bag.

Bagworm (n.) One of several lepidopterous insects which construct, in the larval state, a baglike case which they carry about for protection. One species (Platoeceticus Gloveri) feeds on the orange tree. See Basket worm.

Bahar (n.) A weight used in certain parts of the East Indies, varying considerably in different localities, the range being from 223 to 625 pounds.

Bail (n.) A bucket or scoop used in bailing water out of a boat.

Bail (n.) Custody; keeping.

Bail (n.) The person or persons who procure the release of a prisoner from the custody of the officer, or from imprisonment, by becoming surely for his appearance in court.

Bail (n.) The security given for the appearance of a prisoner in order to obtain his release from custody of the officer; as, the man is out on bail; to go bail for any one.

Bail (n.) The arched handle of a kettle, pail, or similar vessel, usually movable.

Bail (n.) A half hoop for supporting the cover of a carrier's wagon, awning of a boat, etc.

Bail (n.) A

Bail (n.) The outer wall of a feudal castle. Hence: The space inclosed by it; the outer court.

Bail (n.) A certain limit within a forest.

Bail (n.) A division for the stalls of an open stable.

Bail (n.) The top or cross piece ( or either of the two cross pieces) of the wicket.

Bailee (n.) The person to whom goods are committed in trust, and who has a temporary possession and a qualified property in them, for the purposes of the trust.

Bailer (n.) See Bailor.

Bailer (n.) One who bails or lades.

Bailer (n.) A utensil, as a bucket or cup, used in bailing; a machine for bailing water out of a pit.

Bailey (n.) The outer wall of a feudal castle.

Bailey (n.) The space immediately within the outer wall of a castle or fortress.

Bailey (n.) A prison or court of justice; -- used in certain proper names; as, the Old Bailey in London; the New Bailey in Manchester.

Bailie (n.) An officer in Scotland, whose office formerly corresponded to that of sheriff, but now corresponds to that of an English alderman.

Bailiff (n.) Originally, a person put in charge of something especially, a chief officer, magistrate, or keeper, as of a county, town, hundred, or castle; one to whom power/ of custody or care are intrusted.

Bailiff (n.) A sheriff's deputy, appointed to make arrests, collect fines, summon juries, etc.

Bailiff (n.) An overseer or under steward of an estate, who directs husbandry operations, collects rents, etc.

Bailiffwick (n.) See Bailiwick.

Bailiwick (n.) The precincts within which a bailiff has jurisdiction; the limits of a bailiff's authority.

Baillie (n.) Bailiff.

Baillie (n.) Same as Bailie.

Bailment (n.) The action of bailing a person accused.

Bailment (n.) A delivery of goods or money by one person to another in trust, for some special purpose, upon a contract, expressed or implied, that the trust shall be faithfully executed.

Bailor (n.) One who delivers goods or money to another in trust.

Bailpiece (n.) A piece of parchment, or paper, containing a recognizance or bail bond.

Bain (n.) A bath; a bagnio.

Bain-marie (n.) A vessel for holding hot water in which another vessel may be heated without scorching its contents; -- used for warming or preparing food or pharmaceutical preparations.

Bairam (n.) The name of two Mohammedan festivals, of which one is held at the close of the fast called Ramadan, and the other seventy days after the fast.

Bairn (n.) A child.

Baiter (n.) One who baits; a tormentor.

Baize (n.) A coarse woolen stuff with a long nap; -- usually dyed in plain colors.

Bajocco (n.) A small copper coin formerly current in the Roman States, worth about a cent and a half.

Bake (n.) The process, or result, of baking.

Bakemeat (n.) Alt. of Baked-meat

Baked-meat (n.) A pie; baked food.

Bakery (n.) The trade of a baker.

Bakery (n.) The place for baking bread; a bakehouse.

Baking (n.) The act or process of cooking in an oven, or of drying and hardening by heat or cold.

Baking (n.) The quantity baked at once; a batch; as, a baking of bread.

Bakistre (n.) A baker.

Baksheesh (n.) Alt. of Bakshish

Bakshish (n.) Same as Backsheesh.

Balaam (n.) A paragraph describing something wonderful, used to fill out a newspaper column; -- an allusion to the miracle of Balaam's ass speaking.

Balachong (n.) A condiment formed of small fishes or shrimps, pounded up with salt and spices, and then dried. It is much esteemed in China.

Balaenoidea (n.) A division of the Cetacea, including the right whale and all other whales having the mouth fringed with baleen. See Baleen.

Balance (n.) An apparatus for weighing.

Balance (n.) Act of weighing mentally; comparison; estimate.

Balance (n.) Equipoise between the weights in opposite scales.

Balance (n.) The state of being in equipoise; equilibrium; even adjustment; steadiness.

Balance (n.) An equality between the sums total of the two sides of an account; as, to bring one's accounts to a balance; -- also, the excess on either side; as, the balance of an account.

Balance (n.) A balance wheel, as of a watch, or clock. See Balance wheel (in the Vocabulary).

Balance (n.) The constellation Libra.

Balance (n.) The seventh sign in the Zodiac, called Libra, which the sun enters at the equinox in September.

Balance (n.) A movement in dancing. See Balance, v. i., S.

Balance (n.) To bring to an equipoise, as the scales of a balance by adjusting the weights; to weigh in a balance.

Balance (n.) To support on a narrow base, so as to keep from falling; as, to balance a plate on the end of a cane; to balance one's self on a tight rope.

Balance (n.) To equal in number, weight, force, or proportion; to counterpoise, counterbalance, counteract, or neutralize.

Balance (n.) To compare in relative force, importance, value, etc.; to estimate.

Balance (n.) To settle and adjust, as an account; to make two accounts equal by paying the difference between them.

Balance (n.) To make the sums of the debits and credits of an account equal; -- said of an item; as, this payment, or credit, balances the account.

Balance (n.) To arrange accounts in such a way that the sum total of the debits is equal to the sum total of the credits; as, to balance a set of books.

Balance (n.) To move toward, and then back from, reciprocally; as, to balance partners.

Balance (n.) To contract, as a sail, into a narrower compass; as, to balance the boom mainsail.

Balancement (n.) The act or result of balancing or adjusting; equipoise; even adjustment of forces.

Balancer (n.) One who balances, or uses a balance.

Balancer (n.) In Diptera, the rudimentary posterior wing.

Balancereef (n.) The last reef in a fore-and-aft sail, taken to steady the ship.

Balanite (n.) A fossil balanoid shell.

Balanoglossus (n.) A peculiar marine worm. See Enteropneusta, and Tornaria.

Balaustine (n.) The pomegranate tree (Punica granatum). The bark of the root, the rind of the fruit, and the flowers are used medicinally.

Balbuties (n.) The defect of stammering; also, a kind of incomplete pronunciation.

Balcon (n.) A balcony.

Balcony (n.) A platform projecting from the wall of a building, usually resting on brackets or consoles, and inclosed by a parapet; as, a balcony in front of a window. Also, a projecting gallery in places of amusement; as, the balcony in a theater.

Balcony (n.) A projecting gallery once common at the stern of large ships.

Baldachin (n.) A rich brocade; baudekin.

Baldachin (n.) A structure in form of a canopy, sometimes supported by columns, and sometimes suspended from the roof or projecting from the wall; generally placed over an altar; as, the baldachin in St. Peter's.

Baldachin (n.) A portable canopy borne over shrines, etc., in procession.

Balder (n.) The most beautiful and beloved of the gods; the god of peace; the son of Odin and Freya.

Balderdash (n.) A worthless mixture, especially of liquors.

Balderdash (n.) Senseless jargon; ribaldry; nonsense; trash.

Baldhead (n.) A person whose head is bald.

Baldhead (n.) A white-headed variety of pigeon.

Baldness (n.) The state or condition of being bald; as, baldness of the head; baldness of style.

Baldpate (n.) A baldheaded person.

Baldpate (n.) The American widgeon (Anas Americana).

Baldrib (n.) A piece of pork cut lower down than the sparerib, and destitute of fat.

Baldric (n.) A broad belt, sometimes richly ornamented, worn over one shoulder, across the breast, and under the opposite arm; less properly, any belt.

Baldwin (n.) A kind of reddish, moderately acid, winter apple.

Bale (n.) A bundle or package of goods in a cloth cover, and corded for storage or transportation; also, a bundle of straw / hay, etc., put up compactly for transportation.

Bale (n.) Misery; calamity; misfortune; sorrow.

Bale (n.) Evil; an evil, pernicious influence; something causing great injury.

Baleen (n.) Plates or blades of "whalebone," from two to twelve feet long, and sometimes a foot wide, which in certain whales (Balaenoidea) are attached side by side along the upper jaw, and form a fringelike sieve by which the food is retained in the mouth.

Balefire (n.) A signal fire; an alarm fire.

Balefulness (n.) The quality or state of being baleful.

Balisaur (n.) A badgerlike animal of India (Arcionyx collaris).

Balister (n.) A crossbow.

Balistraria (n.) A narrow opening, often cruciform, through which arrows might be discharged.

Balize (n.) A pole or a frame raised as a sea beacon or a landmark.

Balker (n.) One who, or that which balks.

Balker (n.) A person who stands on a rock or eminence to espy the shoals of herring, etc., and to give notice to the men in boats which way they pass; a conder; a huer.

Ball (n.) Any round or roundish body or mass; a sphere or globe; as, a ball of twine; a ball of snow.

Ball (n.) A spherical body of any substance or size used to play with, as by throwing, knocking, kicking, etc.

Ball (n.) A general name for games in which a ball is thrown, kicked, or knocked. See Baseball, and Football.

Ball (n.) Any solid spherical, cylindrical, or conical projectile of lead or iron, to be discharged from a firearm; as, a cannon ball; a rifle ball; -- often used collectively; as, powder and ball. Spherical balls for the smaller firearms are commonly called bullets.

Ball (n.) A flaming, roundish body shot into the air; a case filled with combustibles intended to burst and give light or set fire, or to produce smoke or stench; as, a fire ball; a stink ball.

Ball (n.) A leather-covered cushion, fastened to a handle called a ballstock; -- formerly used by printers for inking the form, but now superseded by the roller.

Ball (n.) A roundish protuberant portion of some part of the body; as, the ball of the thumb; the ball of the foot.

Ball (n.) A large pill, a form in which medicine is commonly given to horses; a bolus.

Ball (n.) The globe or earth.

Ball (n.) A social assembly for the purpose of dancing.

Ballad (n.) A popular kind of narrative poem, adapted for recitation or singing; as, the ballad of Chevy Chase; esp., a sentimental or romantic poem in short stanzas.

Ballade (n.) A form of French versification, sometimes imitated in English, in which three or four rhymes recur through three stanzas of eight or ten

Ballader (n.) A writer of ballads.

Balladry (n.) Ballad poems; the subject or style of ballads.

Ballahoo (n.) Alt. of Ballahou

Ballahou (n.) A fast-sailing schooner, used in the Bermudas and West Indies.

Ballastage (n.) A toll paid for the privilege of taking up ballast in a port or harbor.

Ballasting (n.) That which is used for steadying anything; ballast.

Ballatry (n.) See Balladry.

Ballet (n.) An artistic dance performed as a theatrical entertainment, or an interlude, by a number of persons, usually women. Sometimes, a scene accompanied by pantomime and dancing.

Ballet (n.) The company of persons who perform the ballet.

Ballet (n.) A light part song, or madrigal, with a fa la burden or chorus, -- most common with the Elizabethan madrigal composers.

Ballet (n.) A bearing in coats of arms, representing one or more balls, which are denominated bezants, plates, etc., according to color.

Ball-flower (n.) An ornament resembling a ball placed in a circular flower, the petals of which form a cup round it, -- usually inserted in a hollow molding.

Ballista (n.) An ancient military engine, in the form of a crossbow, used for hurling large missiles.

Ballister (n.) A crossbow.

Ballistics (n.) The science or art of hurling missile weapons by the use of an engine.

Ballium (n.) See Bailey.

Balloon (n.) A bag made of silk or other light material, and filled with hydrogen gas or heated air, so as to rise and float in the atmosphere; especially, one with a car attached for aerial navigation.

Balloon (n.) A ball or globe on the top of a pillar, church, etc., as at St. Paul's, in London.

Balloon (n.) A round vessel, usually with a short neck, to hold or receive whatever is distilled; a glass vessel of a spherical form.

Balloon (n.) A bomb or shell.

Balloon (n.) A game played with a large inflated ball.

Balloon (n.) The out

Ballooner (n.) One who goes up in a balloon; an aeronaut.

Ballooning (n.) The art or practice of managing balloons or voyaging in them.

Ballooning (n.) The process of temporarily raising the value of a stock, as by fictitious sales.

Balloonist (n.) An aeronaut.

Balloonry (n.) The art or practice of ascending in a balloon; aeronautics.

Ballot (n.) Originally, a ball used for secret voting. Hence: Any printed or written ticket used in voting.

Ballot (n.) The act of voting by balls or written or printed ballots or tickets; the system of voting secretly by balls or by tickets.

Ballot (n.) The whole number of votes cast at an election, or in a given territory or electoral district.

Ballot (n.) To vote or decide by ballot; as, to ballot for a candidate.

Ballotation (n.) Voting by ballot.

Balloter (n.) One who votes by ballot.

Ballotin (n.) An officer who has charge of a ballot box.

Ballow (n.) A cudgel.

Ballroom (n.) A room for balls or dancing.

Balm (n.) An aromatic plant of the genus Melissa.

Balm (n.) The resinous and aromatic exudation of certain trees or shrubs.

Balm (n.) Any fragrant ointment.

Balm (n.) Anything that heals or that mitigates pain.

Balmoral (n.) A long woolen petticoat, worn immediately under the dress.

Balmoral (n.) A kind of stout walking shoe, laced in front.

Balneary (n.) A bathing room.

Balneation (n.) The act of bathing.

Balneography (n.) A description of baths.

Balneology (n.) A treatise on baths; the science of bathing.

Balneotherapy (n.) The treatment of disease by baths.

Balotade (n.) See Ballotade.

Balsa (n.) A raft or float, used principally on the Pacific coast of South America.

Balsam (n.) A resin containing more or less of an essential or volatile oil.

Balsam (n.) A species of tree (Abies balsamea).

Balsam (n.) An annual garden plant (Impatiens balsamina) with beautiful flowers; balsamine.

Balsam (n.) Anything that heals, soothes, or restores.

Balsamation (n.) The act of imparting balsamic properties.

Balsamation (n.) The art or process of embalming.

Balsamine (n.) The Impatiens balsamina, or garden balsam.

Baluster (n.) A small column or pilaster, used as a support to the rail of an open parapet, to guard the side of a staircase, or the front of a gallery. See Balustrade.

Balustrade (n.) A row of balusters topped by a rail, serving as an open parapet, as along the edge of a balcony, terrace, bridge, staircase, or the eaves of a building.

Bam (n.) An imposition; a cheat; a hoax.

Bambino (n.) A child or baby; esp., a representation in art of the infant Christ wrapped in swaddling clothes.

Bambino (n.) Babe Ruth.

Bambocciade (n.) A representation of a grotesque scene from common or rustic life.

Bamboo (n.) A plant of the family of grasses, and genus Bambusa, growing in tropical countries.

Bamboozler (n.) A swindler; one who deceives by trickery.

Ban (n.) A public proclamation or edict; a public order or notice, mandatory or prohibitory; a summons by public proclamation.

Ban (n.) A calling together of the king's (esp. the French king's) vassals for military service; also, the body of vassals thus assembled or summoned. In present usage, in France and Prussia, the most effective part of the population liable to military duty and not in the standing army.

Ban (n.) Notice of a proposed marriage, proclaimed in church. See Banns (the common spelling in this sense).

Ban (n.) An interdiction, prohibition, or proscription.

Ban (n.) A curse or anathema.

Ban (n.) A pecuniary mulct or penalty laid upon a delinquent for offending against a ban; as, a mulct paid to a bishop by one guilty of sacrilege or other crimes.

Ban (n.) An ancient title of the warden of the eastern marches of Hungary; now, a title of the viceroy of Croatia and Slavonia.

Banality (n.) Something commonplace, hackneyed, or trivial; the commonplace, in speech.

Banana (n.) A perennial herbaceous plant of almost treelike size (Musa sapientum); also, its edible fruit. See Musa.

Banat (n.) The territory governed by a ban.

Banc (n.) Alt. of Bank

Bancus (n.) Alt. of Bank

Bank (n.) A bench; a high seat, or seat of distinction or judgment; a tribunal or court.

Banco (n.) A bank, especially that of Venice.

Bandage (n.) A fillet or strip of woven material, used in dressing and binding up wounds, etc.

Bandage (n.) Something resembling a bandage; that which is bound over or round something to cover, strengthen, or compress it; a ligature.

Bandala (n.) A fabric made in Manilla from the older leaf sheaths of the abaca (Musa textilis).

Bandanna (n.) Alt. of Bandana

Bandana (n.) A species of silk or cotton handkerchief, having a uniformly dyed ground, usually of red or blue, with white or yellow figures of a circular, lozenge, or other simple form.

Bandana (n.) A style of calico printing, in which white or bright spots are produced upon cloth previously dyed of a uniform red or dark color, by discharging portions of the color by chemical means, while the rest of the cloth is under pressure.

Bandbox (n.) A light box of pasteboard or thin wood, usually cylindrical, for holding ruffs (the bands of the 17th century), collars, caps, bonnets, etc.

Bandeau (n.) A narrow band or fillet; a part of a head-dress.

Bandelet (n.) Alt. of Bandlet

Bandlet (n.) A small band or fillet; any little band or flat molding, compassing a column, like a ring.

Bander (n.) One banded with others.

Banderole (n.) Alt. of Bandrol

Bandrol (n.) A little banner, flag, or streamer.

Bandicoot (n.) A species of very large rat (Mus giganteus), found in India and Ceylon. It does much injury to rice fields and gardens.

Bandicoot (n.) A ratlike marsupial animal (genus Perameles) of several species, found in Australia and Tasmania.

Bandit (n.) An outlaw; a brigand.

Bandle (n.) An Irish measure of two feet in length.

Bandlet (n.) Same as Bandelet.

Bandmaster (n.) The conductor of a musical band.

Bandog (n.) A mastiff or other large and fierce dog, usually kept chained or tied up.

Bandoleer (n.) Alt. of Bandolier

Bandolier (n.) A broad leather belt formerly worn by soldiers over the right shoulder and across the breast under the left arm. Originally it was used for supporting the musket and twelve cases for charges, but later only as a cartridge belt.

Bandolier (n.) One of the leather or wooden cases in which the charges of powder were carried.


Bandon (n.) Disposal; control; license.

Bandore (n.) A musical stringed instrument, similar in form to a guitar; a pandore.

Bandrol (n.) Same as Banderole.

Bandy (n.) A carriage or cart used in India, esp. one drawn by bullocks.

Bandy (n.) A club bent at the lower part for striking a ball at play; a hockey stick.

Bandy (n.) The game played with such a club; hockey; shinney; bandy ball.

Bane (n.) That which destroys life, esp. poison of a deadly quality.

Bane (n.) Destruction; death.

Bane (n.) Any cause of ruin, or lasting injury; harm; woe.

Bane (n.) A disease in sheep, commonly termed the rot.

Baneberry (n.) A genus (Actaea) of plants, of the order Ranunculaceae, native in the north temperate zone. The red or white berries are poisonous.

Banewort (n.) Deadly nightshade.

Bang (n.) A blow as with a club; a heavy blow.

Bang (n.) The sound produced by a sudden concussion.

Bang (n.) The short, front hair combed down over the forehead, esp. when cut squarely across; a false front of hair similarly worn.

Bang (n.) Alt. of Bangue

Bangue (n.) See Bhang.

Bangle (n.) An ornamental circlet, of glass, gold, silver, or other material, worn by women in India and Africa, and in some other countries, upon the wrist or ankle; a ring bracelet.

Banian (n.) A Hindoo trader, merchant, cashier, or money changer.

Banian (n.) A man's loose gown, like that worn by the Banians.

Banian (n.) The Indian fig. See Banyan.

Banisher (n.) One who banishes.

Banishment (n.) The act of banishing, or the state of being banished.

Banister (n.) A stringed musical instrument having a head and neck like the guitar, and its body like a tambourine. It has five strings, and is played with the fingers and hands.

Bank (n.) A mound, pile, or ridge of earth, raised above the surrounding level; hence, anything shaped like a mound or ridge of earth; as, a bank of clouds; a bank of snow.

Bank (n.) A steep acclivity, as the slope of a hill, or the side of a ravine.

Bank (n.) The margin of a watercourse; the rising ground bordering a lake, river, or sea, or forming the edge of a cutting, or other hollow.

Bank (n.) An elevation, or rising ground, under the sea; a shoal, shelf, or shallow; as, the banks of Newfoundland.

Bank (n.) The face of the coal at which miners are working.

Bank (n.) A deposit of ore or coal, worked by excavations above water level.

Bank (n.) The ground at the top of a shaft; as, ores are brought to bank.

Bank (n.) A bench, as for rowers in a galley; also, a tier of oars.

Bank (n.) The bench or seat upon which the judges sit.

Bank (n.) The regular term of a court of law, or the full court sitting to hear arguments upon questions of law, as distinguished from a sitting at Nisi Prius, or a court held for jury trials. See Banc.

Bank (n.) A sort of table used by printers.

Bank (n.) A bench, or row of keys belonging to a keyboard, as in an organ.

Bank (n.) An establishment for the custody, loan, exchange, or issue, of money, and for facilitating the transmission of funds by drafts or bills of exchange; an institution incorporated for performing one or more of such functions, or the stockholders (or their representatives, the directors), acting in their corporate capacity.

Bank (n.) The building or office used for banking purposes.

Bank (n.) A fund from deposits or contributions, to be used in transacting business; a joint stock or capital.

Bank (n.) The sum of money or the checks which the dealer or banker has as a fund, from which to draw his stakes and pay his losses.

Bank (n.) In certain games, as dominos, a fund of pieces from which the players are allowed to draw.

Banker (n.) One who conducts the business of banking; one who, individually, or as a member of a company, keeps an establishment for the deposit or loan of money, or for traffic in money, bills of exchange, etc.

Banker (n.) A money changer.

Banker (n.) The dealer, or one who keeps the bank in a gambling house.

Banker (n.) A vessel employed in the cod fishery on the banks of Newfoundland.

Banker (n.) A ditcher; a drain digger.

Banker (n.) The stone bench on which masons cut or square their work.

Bankeress (n.) A female banker.

Banking (n.) The business of a bank or of a banker.

Bankrupt (n.) A trader who secretes himself, or does certain other acts tending to defraud his creditors.

Bankrupt (n.) A trader who becomes unable to pay his debts; an insolvent trader; popularly, any person who is unable to pay his debts; an insolvent person.

Bankrupt (n.) A person who, in accordance with the terms of a law relating to bankruptcy, has been judicially declared to be unable to meet his liabilities.

Bankruptcy (n.) The state of being actually or legally bankrupt.

Bankruptcy (n.) The act or process of becoming a bankrupt.

Bankruptcy (n.) Complete loss; -- followed by of.

Bankside (n.) The slope of a bank, especially of the bank of a steam.

Banlieue (n.) The territory without the walls, but within the legal limits, of a town or city.

Banner (n.) A kind of flag attached to a spear or pike by a crosspiece, and used by a chief as his standard in battle.

Banner (n.) A large piece of silk or other cloth, with a device or motto, extended on a crosspiece, and borne in a procession, or suspended in some conspicuous place.

Banner (n.) Any flag or standard; as, the star-spangled banner.

Banneret (n.) Originally, a knight who led his vassals into the field under his own banner; -- commonly used as a title of rank.

Banneret (n.) A title of rank, conferred for heroic deeds, and hence, an order of knighthood; also, the person bearing such title or rank.

Banneret (n.) A civil officer in some Swiss cantons.

Banneret (n.) A small banner.

Bannerol (n.) A banderole; esp. a banner displayed at a funeral procession and set over the tomb. See Banderole.

Bannition (n.) The act of expulsion.

Bannock (n.) A kind of cake or bread, in shape flat and roundish, commonly made of oatmeal or barley meal and baked on an iron plate, or griddle; -- used in Scotland and the northern counties of England.

Banquet (n.) A feast; a sumptuous entertainment of eating and drinking; often, a complimentary or ceremonious feast, followed by speeches.

Banquet (n.) A dessert; a course of sweetmeats; a sweetmeat or sweetmeats.

Banquetter (n.) One who banquets; one who feasts or makes feasts.

Banquette (n.) A raised way or foot bank, running along the inside of a parapet, on which musketeers stand to fire upon the enemy.

Banquette (n.) A narrow window seat; a raised shelf at the back or the top of a buffet or dresser.

Banshee (n.) Alt. of Banshie

Banshie (n.) A supernatural being supposed by the Irish and Scotch peasantry to warn a family of the speedy death of one of its members, by wailing or singing in a mournful voice under the windows of the house.

Banstickle (n.) A small fish, the three-spined stickleback.

Bantam (n.) A variety of small barnyard fowl, with feathered legs, probably brought from Bantam, a district of Java.

Banteng (n.) The wild ox of Java (Bibos Banteng).

Banter (n.) The act of bantering; joking or jesting; humorous or good-humored raillery; pleasantry.

Banterer (n.) One who banters or rallies.

Bantingism (n.) A method of reducing corpulence by avoiding food containing much farinaceous, saccharine, or oily matter; -- so called from William Banting of London.

Bantling (n.) A young or small child; an infant. [Slightly contemptuous or depreciatory.]

Banxring (n.) An East Indian insectivorous mammal of the genus Tupaia.

Banyan (n.) A tree of the same genus as the common fig, and called the Indian fig (Ficus Indica), whose branches send shoots to the ground, which take root and become additional trunks, until it may be the tree covers some acres of ground and is able to shelter thousands of men.

Baobab (n.) A gigantic African tree (Adansonia digitata), also naturalized in India. See Adansonia.

Baphomet (n.) An idol or symbolical figure which the Templars were accused of using in their mysterious rites.

Baptist (n.) One who administers baptism; -- specifically applied to John, the forerunner of Christ.

Baptist (n.) One of a denomination of Christians who deny the validity of infant baptism and of sprinkling, and maintain that baptism should be administered to believers alone, and should be by immersion. See Anabaptist.

Baptistery (n.) Alt. of Baptistry

Baptistry (n.) In early times, a separate building, usually polygonal, used for baptismal services. Small churches were often changed into baptisteries when larger churches were built near.

Baptistry (n.) A part of a church containing a font and used for baptismal services.

Baptization (n.) Baptism.

Baptizement (n.) The act of baptizing.

Baptizer (n.) One who baptizes.

Bar (n.) A piece of wood, metal, or other material, long in proportion to its breadth or thickness, used as a lever and for various other purposes, but especially for a hindrance, obstruction, or fastening; as, the bars of a fence or gate; the bar of a door.

Bar (n.) An indefinite quantity of some substance, so shaped as to be long in proportion to its breadth and thickness; as, a bar of gold or of lead; a bar of soap.

Bar (n.) Anything which obstructs, hinders, or prevents; an obstruction; a barrier.

Bar (n.) A bank of sand, gravel, or other matter, esp. at the mouth of a river or harbor, obstructing navigation.

Bar (n.) Any railing that divides a room, or office, or hall of assembly, in order to reserve a space for those having special privileges; as, the bar of the House of Commons.

Bar (n.) The railing that incloses the place which counsel occupy in courts of justice. Hence, the phrase at the bar of the court signifies in open court.

Bar (n.) The place in court where prisoners are stationed for arraignment, trial, or sentence.

Bar (n.) The whole body of lawyers licensed in a court or district; the legal profession.

Bar (n.) A special plea constituting a sufficient answer to plaintiff's action.

Bar (n.) Any tribunal; as, the bar of public opinion; the bar of God.

Bar (n.) A barrier or counter, over which liquors and food are passed to customers; hence, the portion of the room behind the counter where liquors for sale are kept.

Bar (n.) An ordinary, like a fess but narrower, occupying only one fifth part of the field.

Bar (n.) A broad shaft, or band, or stripe; as, a bar of light; a bar of color.

Bar (n.) A vertical

Bar (n.) The space between the tusks and grinders in the upper jaw of a horse, in which the bit is placed.

Bar (n.) The part of the crust of a horse's hoof which is bent inwards towards the frog at the heel on each side, and extends into the center of the sole.

Bar (n.) A drilling or tamping rod.

Bar (n.) A vein or dike crossing a lode.

Bar (n.) A gatehouse of a castle or fortified town.

Bar (n.) A slender strip of wood which divides and supports the glass of a window; a sash bar.

Bar (n.) To fasten with a bar; as, to bar a door or gate.

Bar (n.) To restrict or confine, as if by a bar; to hinder; to obstruct; to prevent; to prohibit; as, to bar the entrance of evil; distance bars our intercourse; the statute bars my right; the right is barred by time; a release bars the plaintiff's recovery; -- sometimes with up.

Bar (n.) To except; to exclude by exception.

Bar (n.) To cross with one or more stripes or

Barb (n.) Beard, or that which resembles it, or grows in the place of it.

Barb (n.) A muffler, worn by nuns and mourners.

Barb (n.) Paps, or little projections, of the mucous membrane, which mark the opening of the submaxillary glands under the tongue in horses and cattle. The name is mostly applied when the barbs are inflamed and swollen.

Barb (n.) The point that stands backward in an arrow, fishhook, etc., to prevent it from being easily extracted. Hence: Anything which stands out with a sharp point obliquely or crosswise to something else.

Barb (n.) A bit for a horse.

Barb (n.) One of the side branches of a feather, which collectively constitute the vane. See Feather.

Barb (n.) A southern name for the kingfishes of the eastern and southeastern coasts of the United States; -- also improperly called whiting.

Barb (n.) A hair or bristle ending in a double hook.

Barb (n.) The Barbary horse, a superior breed introduced from Barbary into Spain by the Moors.

Barb (n.) A blackish or dun variety of the pigeon, originally brought from Barbary.

Barb (n.) Armor for a horse. Same as 2d Bard, n., 1.

Barbacan (n.) See Barbican.

Barbacanage (n.) See Barbicanage.

Barbadian (n.) A native of Barbados.

Barbados (n.) Alt. of Barbadoes

Barbadoes (n.) A West Indian island, giving its name to a disease, to a cherry, etc.

Barbara (n.) The first word in certain mnemonic

Barbarian (n.) A foreigner.

Barbarian (n.) A man in a rule, savage, or uncivilized state.

Barbarian (n.) A person destitute of culture.

Barbarian (n.) A cruel, savage, brutal man; one destitute of pity or humanity.

Barbarism (n.) An uncivilized state or condition; rudeness of manners; ignorance of arts, learning, and literature; barbarousness.

Barbarism (n.) A barbarous, cruel, or brutal action; an outrage.

Barbarism (n.) An offense against purity of style or language; any form of speech contrary to the pure idioms of a particular language. See Solecism.

Barbarity (n.) The state or manner of a barbarian; lack of civilization.

Barbarity (n.) Cruelty; ferociousness; inhumanity.

Barbarity (n.) A barbarous or cruel act.

Barbarity (n.) Barbarism; impurity of speech.

Barbarousness (n.) The quality or state of being barbarous; barbarity; barbarism.

Barbary (n.) The countries on the north coast of Africa from Egypt to the Atlantic. Hence: A Barbary horse; a barb. [Obs.] Also, a kind of pigeon.

Barbastel (n.) A European bat (Barbastellus communis), with hairy lips.

Barbecue (n.) A hog, ox, or other large animal roasted or broiled whole for a feast.

Barbecue (n.) A social entertainment, where many people assemble, usually in the open air, at which one or more large animals are roasted or broiled whole.

Barbecue (n.) A floor, on which coffee beans are sun-dried.

Barbel (n.) A slender tactile organ on the lips of certain fished.

Barbel (n.) A large fresh-water fish ( Barbus vulgaris) found in many European rivers. Its upper jaw is furnished with four barbels.

Barbel (n.) Barbs or paps under the tongued of horses and cattle. See 1st Barb, 3.

Barber (n.) One whose occupation it is to shave or trim the beard, and to cut and dress the hair of his patrons.

Barbermonger (n.) A fop.

Barberry (n.) A shrub of the genus Berberis, common along roadsides and in neglected fields. B. vulgaris is the species best known; its oblong red berries are made into a preserve or sauce, and have been deemed efficacious in fluxes and fevers. The bark dyes a fine yellow, esp. the bark of the root.

Barbet (n.) A variety of small dog, having long curly hair.

Barbet (n.) A bird of the family Bucconidae, allied to the Cuckoos, having a large, conical beak swollen at the base, and bearded with five bunches of stiff bristles; the puff bird. It inhabits tropical America and Africa.

Barbet (n.) A larva that feeds on aphides.

Barbette (n.) A mound of earth or a platform in a fortification, on which guns are mounted to fire over the parapet.

Barbican (n.) Alt. of Barbacan

Barbacan (n.) A tower or advanced work defending the entrance to a castle or city, as at a gate or bridge. It was often large and strong, having a ditch and drawbridge of its own.

Barbacan (n.) An opening in the wall of a fortress, through which missiles were discharged upon an enemy.

Barbicanage (n.) Alt. of Barbacanage

Barbacanage (n.) Money paid for the support of a barbican.

Barbicel (n.) One of the small hooklike processes on the barbules of feathers.

Barbiers (n.) A variety of paralysis, peculiar to India and the Malabar coast; -- considered by many to be the same as beriberi in chronic form.

Barbiton (n.) An ancient Greek instrument resembling a lyre.

Barble (n.) See Barbel.

Barbotine (n.) A paste of clay used in decorating coarse pottery in relief.

Barbule (n.) A very minute barb or beard.

Barbule (n.) One of the processes along the edges of the barbs of a feather, by which adjacent barbs interlock. See Feather.

Barcarolle (n.) A popular song or melody sung by Venetian gondoliers.

Barcarolle (n.) A piece of music composed in imitation of such a song.

Barcon (n.) A vessel for freight; -- used in Mediterranean.

Bard (n.) A professional poet and singer, as among the ancient Celts, whose occupation was to compose and sing verses in honor of the heroic achievements of princes and brave men.

Bard (n.) Hence: A poet; as, the bard of Avon.

Bard (n.) Alt. of Barde

Barde (n.) A piece of defensive (or, sometimes, ornamental) armor for a horse's neck, breast, and flanks; a barb. [Often in the pl.]

Bardism (n.) The system of bards; the learning and maxims of bards.

Bardling (n.) An inferior bard.

Bardship (n.) The state of being a bard.

Bare (n.) Surface; body; substance.

Bare (n.) That part of a roofing slate, shingle, tile, or metal plate, which is exposed to the weather.

Barebone (n.) A very lean person; one whose bones show through the skin.

Barefacedness (n.) The quality of being barefaced; shamelessness; assurance; audaciousness.

Barege (n.) A gauzelike fabric for ladies' dresses, veils, etc. of worsted, silk and worsted, or cotton and worsted.

Barehanded (n.) Having bare hands.

Bareness (n.) The state of being bare.

Baresark (n.) A Berserker, or Norse warrior who fought without armor, or shirt of mail. Hence, adverbially: Without shirt of mail or armor.

Barfish (n.) Same as Calico bass.

Bargain (n.) An agreement between parties concerning the sale of property; or a contract by which one party binds himself to transfer the right to some property for a consideration, and the other party binds himself to receive the property and pay the consideration.

Bargain (n.) An agreement or stipulation; mutual pledge.

Bargain (n.) A purchase; also ( when not qualified), a gainful transaction; an advantageous purchase; as, to buy a thing at a bargain.

Bargain (n.) The thing stipulated or purchased; also, anything bought cheap.

Bargain (n.) To make a bargain; to make a contract for the exchange of property or services; -- followed by with and for; as, to bargain with a farmer for a cow.

Bargainer (n.) One who makes a bargain; -- sometimes in the sense of bargainor.

Bargainor (n.) One who makes a bargain, or contracts with another; esp., one who sells, or contracts to sell, property to another.

Barge (n.) A pleasure boat; a vessel or boat of state, elegantly furnished and decorated.

Barge (n.) A large, roomy boat for the conveyance of passengers or goods; as, a ship's barge; a charcoal barge.

Barge (n.) A large boat used by flag officers.

Barge (n.) A double-decked passenger or freight vessel, towed by a steamboat.

Barge (n.) A large omnibus used for excursions.

Bargeboard (n.) A vergeboard.

Bargecourse (n.) A part of the tiling which projects beyond the principal rafters, in buildings where there is a gable.

Bargee (n.) A bargeman.

Bargeman (n.) The man who manages a barge, or one of the crew of a barge.

Bargemastter (n.) The proprietor or manager of a barge, or one of the crew of a barge.

Barger (n.) The manager of a barge.

Barghest (n.) A goblin, in the shape of a large dog, portending misfortune.

Baria (n.) Baryta.

Barilla (n.) A name given to several species of Salsola from which soda is made, by burning the barilla in heaps and lixiviating the ashes.

Barilla (n.) The alkali produced from the plant, being an impure carbonate of soda, used for making soap, glass, etc., and for bleaching purposes.

Barilla (n.) Impure soda obtained from the ashes of any seashore plant, or kelp.

Barillet (n.) A little cask, or something resembling one.

Barite (n.) Native sulphate of barium, a mineral occurring in transparent, colorless, white to yellow crystals (generally tabular), also in granular form, and in compact massive forms resembling marble. It has a high specific gravity, and hence is often called heavy spar. It is a common mineral in metallic veins.

Barium (n.) One of the elements, belonging to the alka

Bard (n.) The exterior covering of the trunk and branches of a tree; the rind.

Bard (n.) Specifically, Peruvian bark.

Bark (n.) The short, loud, explosive sound uttered by a dog; a similar sound made by some other animals.

Bark (n.) Alt. of Barque

Barque (n.) Formerly, any small sailing vessel, as a pinnace, fishing smack, etc.; also, a rowing boat; a barge. Now applied poetically to a sailing vessel or boat of any kind.

Barque (n.) A three-masted vessel, having her foremast and mainmast square-rigged, and her mizzenmast schooner-rigged.

Barkantine (n.) Same as Barkentine.

Barkeeper (n.) One who keeps or tends a bar for the sale of liquors.

Barkentine (n.) A threemasted vessel, having the foremast square-rigged, and the others schooner-rigged. [Spelled also barquentine, barkantine, etc.] See Illust. in Append.

Barker (n.) An animal that barks; hence, any one who clamors unreasonably.

Barker (n.) One who stands at the doors of shops to urg/ passers by to make purchases.

Barker (n.) A pistol.

Barker (n.) The spotted redshank.

Barker (n.) One who strips trees of their bark.

Barkery (n.) A tanhouse.

Barley (n.) A valuable grain, of the family of grasses, genus Hordeum, used for food, and for making malt, from which are prepared beer, ale, and whisky.

Barleybrake (n.) Alt. of Barleybreak

Barleybreak (n.) An ancient rural game, commonly played round stacks of barley, or other grain, in which some of the party attempt to catch others who run from a goal.

Barley-bree (n.) Liquor made from barley; strong ale.

Barleycorn (n.) A grain or "corn" of barley.

Barleycorn (n.) Formerly , a measure of length, equal to the average length of a grain of barley; the third part of an inch.

Barm (n.) Foam rising upon beer, or other malt liquors, when fermenting, and used as leaven in making bread and in brewing; yeast.

Barm (n.) The lap or bosom.

Barmaid (n.) A girl or woman who attends the customers of a bar, as in a tavern or beershop.

Barmaster (n.) Formerly, a local judge among miners; now, an officer of the barmote.

Barmcloth (n.) Apron.

Barmecide (n.) One who proffers some illusory advantage or benefit. Also used as an adj.: Barmecidal.

Barmote (n.) A court held in Derbyshire, in England, for deciding controversies between miners.

Barn (n.) A covered building used chiefly for storing grain, hay, and other productions of a farm. In the United States a part of the barn is often used for stables.

Barn (n.) A child. [Obs.] See Bairn.

Barnabite (n.) A member of a religious order, named from St. Barnabas.

Barnacle (n.) Any cirriped crustacean adhering to rocks, floating timber, ships, etc., esp. (a) the sessile species (genus Balanus and allies), and (b) the stalked or goose barnacles (genus Lepas and allies). See Cirripedia, and Goose barnacle.

Barnacle (n.) A bernicle goose.

Barnacle (n.) An instrument for pinching a horse's nose, and thus restraining him.

Barnyard (n.) A yard belonging to a barn.

Barograph (n.) An instrument for recording automatically the variations of atmospheric pressure.

Baroko (n.) A form or mode of syllogism of which the first proposition is a universal affirmative, and the other two are particular negative.

Barology (n.) The science of weight or gravity.

Baromacrometer (n.) An instrument for ascertaining the weight and length of a newborn infant.

Barometer (n.) An instrument for determining the weight or pressure of the atmosphere, and hence for judging of the probable changes of weather, or for ascertaining the height of any ascent.

Barometrograph (n.) A form of barometer so constructed as to inscribe of itself upon paper a record of the variations of atmospheric pressure.

Barometry (n.) The art or process of making barometrical measurements.

Barometz (n.) The woolly-skinned rhizoma or rootstock of a fern (Dicksonia barometz), which, when specially prepared and inverted, somewhat resembles a lamb; -- called also Scythian lamb.

Baron (n.) A title or degree of nobility; originally, the possessor of a fief, who had feudal tenants under him; in modern times, in France and Germany, a nobleman next in rank below a count; in England, a nobleman of the lowest grade in the House of Lords, being next below a viscount.

Baron (n.) A husband; as, baron and feme, husband and wife.

Baronage (n.) The whole body of barons or peers.

Baronage (n.) The dignity or rank of a baron.

Baronage (n.) The land which gives title to a baron.

Baroness (n.) A baron's wife; also, a lady who holds the baronial title in her own right; as, the Baroness Burdett-Coutts.

Baronet (n.) A dignity or degree of honor next below a baron and above a knight, having precedency of all orders of knights except those of the Garter. It is the lowest degree of honor that is hereditary. The baronets are commoners.

Baronetage (n.) State or rank of a baronet.

Baronetage (n.) The collective body of baronets.

Baronetcy (n.) The rank or patent of a baronet.

Barony (n.) The fee or domain of a baron; the lordship, dignity, or rank of a baron.

Barony (n.) In Ireland, a territorial division, corresponding nearly to the English hundred, and supposed to have been originally the district of a native chief. There are 252 of these baronies. In Scotland, an extensive freehold. It may be held by a commoner.

Baroscope (n.) Any instrument showing the changes in the weight of the atmosphere; also, less appropriately, any instrument that indicates -or foreshadows changes of the weather, as a deep vial of liquid holding in suspension some substance which rises and falls with atmospheric changes.

Barouche (n.) A four-wheeled carriage, with a falling top, a seat on the outside for the driver, and two double seats on the inside arranged so that the sitters on the front seat face those on the back seat.

Barouchet (n.) A kind of light barouche.

Barpost (n.) A post sunk in the ground to receive the bars closing a passage into a field.

Barque (n.) Same as 3d Bark, n.

Barracan (n.) A thick, strong stuff, somewhat like camlet; -- still used for outer garments in the Levant.

Barrack (n.) A building for soldiers, especially when in garrison. Commonly in the pl., originally meaning temporary huts, but now usually applied to a permanent structure or set of buildings.

Barrack (n.) A movable roof sliding on four posts, to cover hay, straw, etc.

Barraclade (n.) A home-made woolen blanket without nap.

Barracoon (n.) A slave warehouse, or an inclosure where slaves are quartered temporarily.

Barracuda (n.) Alt. of Barracouata

Barracouata (n.) A voracious pikelike, marine fish, of the genus Sphyraena, sometimes used as food.

Barracouata (n.) A large edible fresh-water fish of Australia and New Zealand (Thyrsites atun).

Barrage (n.) An artificial bar or obstruction placed in a river or water course to increase the depth of water; as, the barrages of the Nile.

Barranca (n.) A ravine caused by heavy rains or a watercourse.

Barras (n.) A resin, called also galipot.

Barratry (n.) The practice of exciting and encouraging lawsuits and quarrels.

Barratry (n.) A fraudulent breach of duty or willful act of known illegality on the part of a master of a ship, in his character of master, or of the mariners, to the injury of the owner of the ship or cargo, and without his consent. It includes every breach of trust committed with dishonest purpose, as by running away with the ship, sinking or deserting her, etc., or by embezzling the cargo.

Barratry (n.) The crime of a judge who is influenced by bribery in pronouncing judgment.

Barrel (n.) A round vessel or cask, of greater length than breadth, and bulging in the middle, made of staves bound with hoops, and having flat ends or heads.

Barrel (n.) The quantity which constitutes a full barrel. This varies for different articles and also in different places for the same article, being regulated by custom or by law. A barrel of wine is 31/ gallons; a barrel of flour is 196 pounds.

Barrel (n.) A solid drum, or a hollow cylinder or case; as, the barrel of a windlass; the barrel of a watch, within which the spring is coiled.

Barrel (n.) A metallic tube, as of a gun, from which a projectile is discharged.

Barrel (n.) A jar.

Barrel (n.) The hollow basal part of a feather.

Barren (n.) A tract of barren land.

Barren (n.) Elevated lands or plains on which grow small trees, but not timber; as, pine barrens; oak barrens. They are not necessarily sterile, and are often fertile.

Barrenness (n.) The condition of being barren; sterility; unproductiveness.

Barrenwort (n.) An herbaceous plant of the Barberry family (Epimedium alpinum), having leaves that are bitter and said to be sudorific.

Barret (n.) A kind of cap formerly worn by soldiers; -- called also barret cap. Also, the flat cap worn by Roman Catholic ecclesiastics.

Barricade (n.) A fortification, made in haste, of trees, earth, palisades, wagons, or anything that will obstruct the progress or attack of an enemy. It is usually an obstruction formed in streets to block an enemy's access.

Barricade (n.) Any bar, obstruction, or means of defense.

Barricade (n.) To fortify or close with a barricade or with barricades; to stop up, as a passage; to obstruct; as, the workmen barricaded the streets of Paris.

Barricader (n.) One who constructs barricades.

Barrier (n.) A carpentry obstruction, stockade, or other obstacle made in a passage in order to stop an enemy.

Barrier (n.) A fortress or fortified town, on the frontier of a country, commanding an avenue of approach.

Barrier (n.) A fence or railing to mark the limits of a place, or to keep back a crowd.

Barrier (n.) An any obstruction; anything which hinders approach or attack.

Barrier (n.) Any limit or boundary; a

Barrigudo (n.) A large, dark-colored, South American monkey, of the genus Lagothrix, having a long prehensile tail.

Barringout (n.) The act of closing the doors of a schoolroom against a schoolmaster; -- a boyish mode of rebellion in schools.

Barrister (n.) Counselor at law; a counsel admitted to plead at the bar, and undertake the public trial of causes, as distinguished from an attorney or solicitor. See Attorney.

Barroom (n.) A room containing a bar or counter at which liquors are sold.

Barrow (n.) A support having handles, and with or without a wheel, on which heavy or bulky things can be transported by hand. See Handbarrow, and Wheelbarrow.

Barrow (n.) A wicker case, in which salt is put to drain.

Barrow (n.) A hog, esp. a male hog castrated.

Barrow (n.) A large mound of earth or stones over the remains of the dead; a tumulus.

Barrow (n.) A heap of rubbish, attle, etc.

Barrowist (n.) A follower of Henry Barrowe, one of the founders of Independency or Congregationalism in England. Barrowe was executed for nonconformity in 1953.

Barrulet (n.) A diminutive of the bar, having one fourth its width.

Barse (n.) The common perch. See 1st Bass.

Bartender (n.) A barkeeper.

Barter (n.) The act or practice of trafficking by exchange of commodities; an exchange of goods.

Barter (n.) The thing given in exchange.

Barterer (n.) One who barters.

Bartery (n.) Barter.

Barth (n.) A place of shelter for cattle.

Bartizan (n.) A small, overhanging structure for lookout or defense, usually projecting at an angle of a building or near an entrance gateway.

Bartlett (n.) A Bartlett pear, a favorite kind of pear, which originated in England about 1770, and was called Williams' Bonchretien. It was brought to America, and distributed by Mr. Enoch Bartlett, of Dorchester, Massachusetts.

Barton (n.) The demesne lands of a manor; also, the manor itself.

Barton (n.) A farmyard.

Bartram (n.) See Bertram.

Barway (n.) A passage into a field or yard, closed by bars made to take out of the posts.

Barwood (n.) A red wood of a leguminous tree (Baphia nitida), from Angola and the Gaboon in Africa. It is used as a dyewood, and also for ramrods, violin bows and turner's work.

Baryphony (n.) Difficulty of speech.

Baryta (n.) An oxide of barium (or barytum); a heavy earth with a specific gravity above 4.

Barytes (n.) Barium sulphate, generally called heavy spar or barite. See Barite.

Baryto-calcite (n.) A mineral of a white or gray color, occurring massive or crystallized. It is a compound of the carbonates of barium and calcium.

Barytone (n.) Alt. of Baritone

Baritone (n.) A male voice, the compass of which partakes of the common bass and the tenor, but which does not descend as low as the one, nor rise as high as the other.

Baritone (n.) A person having a voice of such range.

Baritone (n.) The viola di gamba, now entirely disused.

Baritone (n.) A word which has no accent marked on the last syllable, the grave accent being understood.

Barytum (n.) The metal barium. See Barium.

Basalt (n.) A rock of igneous origin, consisting of augite and triclinic feldspar, with grains of magnetic or titanic iron, and also bottle-green particles of olivine frequently disseminated.

Basalt (n.) An imitation, in pottery, of natural basalt; a kind of black porcelain.

Basan (n.) Same as Basil, a sheepskin.

Basanite (n.) Lydian stone, or black jasper, a variety of siliceous or flinty slate, of a grayish or bluish black color. It is employed to test the purity of gold, the amount of alloy being indicated by the color left on the stone when rubbed by the metal.

Basbleu (n.) A bluestocking; a literary woman.

Bascinet (n.) A light helmet, at first open, but later made with a visor.

Bascule (n.) In mechanics an apparatus on the principle of the seesaw, in which one end rises as the other falls.

Base (n.) The bottom of anything, considered as its support, or that on which something rests for support; the foundation; as, the base of a statue.

Base (n.) Fig.: The fundamental or essential part of a thing; the essential principle; a groundwork.

Base (n.) The lower part of a wall, pier, or column, when treated as a separate feature, usually in projection, or especially ornamented.

Base (n.) The lower part of a complete architectural design, as of a monument; also, the lower part of any elaborate piece of furniture or decoration.

Base (n.) That extremity of a leaf, fruit, etc., at which it is attached to its support.

Base (n.) The positive, or non-acid component of a salt; a substance which, combined with an acid, neutralizes the latter and forms a salt; -- applied also to the hydroxides of the positive elements or radicals, and to certain organic bodies resembling them in their property of forming salts with acids.

Base (n.) The chief ingredient in a compound.

Base (n.) A substance used as a mordant.

Base (n.) The exterior side of the polygon, or that imaginary

Base (n.) The

Base (n.) The number from which a mathematical table is constructed; as, the base of a system of logarithms.

Base (n.) A low, or deep, sound. (Mus.) (a) The lowest part; the deepest male voice. (b) One who sings, or the instrument which plays, base.

Base (n.) A place or tract of country, protected by fortifications, or by natural advantages, from which the operations of an army proceed, forward movements are made, supplies are furnished, etc.

Base (n.) The smallest kind of cannon.

Base (n.) That part of an organ by which it is attached to another more central organ.

Base (n.) The basal plane of a crystal.

Base (n.) The ground mass of a rock, especially if not distinctly crystal

Base (n.) The lower part of the field. See Escutcheon.

Base (n.) The housing of a horse.

Base (n.) A kind of skirt ( often of velvet or brocade, but sometimes of mailed armor) which hung from the middle to about the knees, or lower.

Base (n.) The lower part of a robe or petticoat.

Base (n.) An apron.

Base (n.) The point or

Base (n.) A

Base (n.) A rustic play; -- called also prisoner's base, prison base, or bars.

Base (n.) Any one of the four bounds which mark the circuit of the infield.

Base (n.) To put on a base or basis; to lay the foundation of; to found, as an argument or conclusion; -- used with on or upon.

Baseball (n.) A game of ball, so called from the bases or bounds ( four in number) which designate the circuit which each player must endeavor to make after striking the ball.

Baseball (n.) The ball used in this game.

Baseboard (n.) A board, or other woodwork, carried round the walls of a room and touching the floor, to form a base and protect the plastering; -- also called washboard (in England), mopboard, and scrubboard.

Base-burner (n.) A furnace or stove in which the fuel is contained in a hopper or chamber, and is fed to the fire as the lower stratum is consumed.

Base-court (n.) The secondary, inferior, or rear courtyard of a large house; the outer court of a castle.

Base-court (n.) An inferior court of law, not of record.

Based (n.) Wearing, or protected by, bases.

Baselard (n.) A short sword or dagger, worn in the fifteenth century.

Baseness (n.) The quality or condition of being base; degradation; vileness.

Basenet (n.) See Bascinet.

Bashaw (n.) A Turkish title of honor, now written pasha. See Pasha.

Bashaw (n.) Fig.: A magnate or grandee.

Bashaw (n.) A very large siluroid fish (Leptops olivaris) of the Mississippi valley; -- also called goujon, mud cat, and yellow cat.

Bashfulness (n.) The quality of being bashful.

Bashi-bazouk (n.) A soldier belonging to the irregular troops of the Turkish army.

Bashyle (n.) See Basyle.

Basicerite (n.) The second joint of the antennae of crustaceans.

Basicity (n.) The quality or state of being a base.

Basicity (n.) The power of an acid to unite with one or more atoms or equivalents of a base, as indicated by the number of replaceable hydrogen atoms contained in the acid.

Basidiospore (n.) A spore borne by a basidium.

Basidium (n.) A special oblong or pyriform cell, with slender branches, which bears the spores in that division of fungi called Basidiomycetes, of which the common mushroom is an example.

Basifier (n.) That which converts into a salifiable base.

Basifugal (n.) Tending or proceeding away from the base; as, a basifugal growth.

Basigynium (n.) The pedicel on which the ovary of certain flowers, as the passion flower, is seated; a carpophore or thecaphore.

Basihyoid (n.) The central tongue bone.

Basil (n.) The slope or angle to which the cutting edge of a tool, as a plane, is ground.

Basil (n.) The name given to several aromatic herbs of the Mint family, but chiefly to the common or sweet basil (Ocymum basilicum), and the bush basil, or lesser basil (O. minimum), the leaves of which are used in cookery. The name is also given to several kinds of mountain mint (Pycnanthemum).

Basil (n.) The skin of a sheep tanned with bark.

Basilar (n.) Alt. of Basilary

Basilary (n.) Relating to, or situated at, the base.

Basilary (n.) Lower; inferior; applied to impulses or springs of action.

Basilic (n.) Basilica.

Basilica (n.) Originally, the place of a king; but afterward, an apartment provided in the houses of persons of importance, where assemblies were held for dispensing justice; and hence, any large hall used for this purpose.

Basilica (n.) A building used by the Romans as a place of public meeting, with court rooms, etc., attached.

Basilica (n.) A church building of the earlier centuries of Christianity, the plan of which was taken from the basilica of the Romans. The name is still applied to some churches by way of honorary distinction.

Basilica (n.) A digest of the laws of Justinian, translated from the original Latin into Greek, by order of Basil I., in the ninth century.

Basilicok (n.) The basilisk.

Basilicon (n.) An ointment composed of wax, pitch, resin, and olive oil, lard, or other fatty substance.

Basilisk (n.) A fabulous serpent, or dragon. The ancients alleged that its hissing would drive away all other serpents, and that its breath, and even its look, was fatal. See Cockatrice.

Basilisk (n.) A lizard of the genus Basiliscus, belonging to the family Iguanidae.

Basilisk (n.) A large piece of ordnance, so called from its supposed resemblance to the serpent of that name, or from its size.

Basin (n.) A hollow vessel or dish, to hold water for washing, and for various other uses.

Basin (n.) The quantity contained in a basin.

Basin (n.) A hollow vessel, of various forms and materials, used in the arts or manufactures, as that used by glass grinders for forming concave glasses, by hatters for molding a hat into shape, etc.

Basin (n.) A hollow place containing water, as a pond, a dock for ships, a little bay.

Basin (n.) A circular or oval valley, or depression of the surface of the ground, the lowest part of which is generally occupied by a lake, or traversed by a river.

Basin (n.) The entire tract of country drained by a river, or sloping towards a sea or lake.

Basin (n.) An isolated or circumscribed formation, particularly where the strata dip inward, on all sides, toward a center; -- especially applied to the coal formations, called coal basins or coal fields.

Basinet (n.) Same as Bascinet.

Basioccipital (n.) The basioccipital bone.

Basion (n.) The middle of the anterior margin of the great foramen of the skull.

Basipodite (n.) The basal joint of the legs of Crustacea.

Basipterygium (n.) A bar of cartilage at the base of the embryonic fins of some fishes. It develops into the metapterygium.

Basis (n.) The foundation of anything; that on which a thing rests.

Basis (n.) The pedestal of a column, pillar, or statue.

Basis (n.) The ground work the first or fundamental principle; that which supports.

Basis (n.) The principal component part of a thing.

Basisphenoid (n.) The basisphenoid bone.

Basket (n.) A vessel made of osiers or other twigs, cane, rushes, splints, or other flexible material, interwoven.

Basket (n.) The contents of a basket; as much as a basket contains; as, a basket of peaches.

Basket (n.) The bell or vase of the Corinthian capital.

Basket (n.) The two back seats facing one another on the outside of a stagecoach.

Basketful (n.) As much as a basket will contain.

Basketry (n.) The art of making baskets; also, baskets, taken collectively.

Basnet (n.) Same as Bascinet.

Bason (n.) A basin.

Basque (n.) One of a race, of unknown origin, inhabiting a region on the Bay of Biscay in Spain and France.

Basque (n.) The language spoken by the Basque people.

Basque (n.) A part of a lady's dress, resembling a jacket with a short skirt; -- probably so called because this fashion of dress came from the Basques.

Bas-relief (n.) Low relief; sculpture, the figures of which project less than half of their true proportions; -- called also bassrelief and basso-rilievo. See Alto-rilievo.

Bass (n.) An edible, spiny-finned fish, esp. of the genera Roccus, Labrax, and related genera. There are many species.

Bass (n.) The two American fresh-water species of black bass (genus Micropterus). See Black bass.

Bass (n.) Species of Serranus, the sea bass and rock bass. See Sea bass.

Bass (n.) The southern, red, or channel bass (Sciaena ocellata). See Redfish.

Bass (n.) The linden or lime tree, sometimes wrongly called whitewood; also, its bark, which is used for making mats. See Bast.

Bass (n.) A hassock or thick mat.

Bassa (n.) Alt. of Bassaw

Bassaw (n.) See Bashaw.

Basset (n.) A game at cards, resembling the modern faro, said to have been invented at Venice.

Basset (n.) The edge of a geological stratum at the surface of the ground; the outcrop.

Basseting (n.) The upward direction of a vein in a mine; the emergence of a stratum at the surface.

Bassetto (n.) A tenor or small bass viol.

Bassinet (n.) A wicker basket, with a covering or hood over one end, in which young children are placed as in a cradle.

Bassinet (n.) See Bascinet.

Bassock (n.) A hassock. See 2d Bass, 2.

Bassoon (n.) A wind instrument of the double reed kind, furnished with holes, which are stopped by the fingers, and by keys, as in flutes. It forms the natural bass to the oboe, clarinet, etc.

Bassoonist (n.) A performer on the bassoon.

Basso-rilievo (n.) Alt. of Basso-relievo

Basso-relievo (n.) Same as Bas-relief.

Bassorin (n.) A constituent part of a species of gum from Bassora, as also of gum tragacanth and some gum resins. It is one of the amyloses.

Bass-relief (n.) Some as Bas-relief.

Basswood (n.) The bass (Tilia) or its wood; especially, T. Americana. See Bass, the lime tree.

Bast (n.) The inner fibrous bark of various plants; esp. of the lime tree; hence, matting, cordage, etc., made therefrom.

Bast (n.) A thick mat or hassock. See 2d Bass, 2.

Bastard (n.) A "natural" child; a child begotten and born out of wedlock; an illegitimate child; one born of an illicit union.

Bastard (n.) An inferior quality of soft brown sugar, obtained from the sirups that / already had several boilings.

Bastard (n.) A large size of mold, in which sugar is drained.

Bastard (n.) A sweet Spanish wine like muscadel in flavor.

Bastard (n.) A writing paper of a particular size. See Paper.

Bastard (n.) Lacking in genuineness; spurious; false; adulterate; -- applied to things which resemble those which are genuine, but are really not so.

Bastard (n.) Of an unusual make or proportion; as, a bastard musket; a bastard culverin.

Bastard (n.) Abbreviated, as the half title in a page preceding the full title page of a book.

Bastardism (n.) The state of being a bastard; bastardy.

Bastardy (n.) The state of being a bastard; illegitimacy.

Bastardy (n.) The procreation of a bastard child.

Bastile Bastille (n.) A tower or an elevated work, used for the defense, or in the siege, of a fortified place.

Bastile Bastille (n.) "The Bastille", formerly a castle or fortress in Paris, used as a prison, especially for political offenders; hence, a rhetorical name for a prison.

Bastinade (n.) See Bastinado, n.

Bastinado (n.) A blow with a stick or cudgel.

Bastinado (n.) A sound beating with a stick or cudgel. Specifically: A form of punishment among the Turks, Chinese, and others, consisting in beating an offender on the soles of his feet.

Bastion (n.) A work projecting outward from the main inclosure of a fortification, consisting of two faces and two flanks, and so constructed that it is able to defend by a flanking fire the adjacent curtain, or wall which extends from one bastion to another. Two adjacent bastions are connected by the curtain, which joins the flank of one with the adjacent flank of the other. The distance between the flanks of a bastion is called the gorge. A lunette is a detached bastion. See Ravelin.

Basto (n.) The ace of clubs in quadrille and omber.

Baston (n.) A staff or cudgel.

Baston (n.) See Baton.

Baston (n.) An officer bearing a painted staff, who formerly was in attendance upon the king's court to take into custody persons committed by the court.

Basyle (n.) A positive or nonacid constituent of compound, either elementary, or, if compound, performing the functions of an element.

Bat (n.) A large stick; a club; specifically, a piece of wood with one end thicker or broader than the other, used in playing baseball, cricket, etc.

Bat (n.) Shale or bituminous shale.

Bat (n.) A sheet of cotton used for filling quilts or comfortables; batting.

Bat (n.) A part of a brick with one whole end.

Bat (n.) One of the Cheiroptera, an order of flying mammals, in which the wings are formed by a membrane stretched between the elongated fingers, legs, and tail. The common bats are small and insectivorous. See Cheiroptera and Vampire.

Batardeau (n.) A cofferdam.

Batardeau (n.) A wall built across the ditch of a fortification, with a sluice gate to regulate the height of water in the ditch on both sides of the wall.

Batatas (n.) Alt. of Batata

Batata (n.) An aboriginal American name for the sweet potato (Ipomaea batatas).

Batavian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Batavia or Holland.

Bate (n.) Strife; contention.

Bate (n.) See 2d Bath.

Bate (n.) An alka

Bateau (n.) A boat; esp. a flat-bottomed, clumsy boat used on the Canadian lakes and rivers.

Batement (n.) Abatement; diminution.

Batfish (n.) A name given to several species of fishes: (a) The Malthe vespertilio of the Atlantic coast. (b) The flying gurnard of the Atlantic (Cephalacanthus spinarella). (c) The California batfish or sting ray (Myliobatis Californicus.)

Batfowler (n.) One who practices or finds sport in batfowling.

Batfowling (n.) A mode of catching birds at night, by holding a torch or other light, and beating the bush or perch where they roost. The birds, flying to the light, are caught with nets or otherwise.

Bath (n.) The act of exposing the body, or part of the body, for purposes of clean

Bath (n.) Water or other liquid for bathing.

Bath (n.) A receptacle or place where persons may immerse or wash their bodies in water.

Bath (n.) A building containing an apartment or a series of apartments arranged for bathing.

Bath (n.) A medium, as heated sand, ashes, steam, hot air, through which heat is applied to a body.

Bath (n.) A solution in which plates or prints are immersed; also, the receptacle holding the solution.

Bath (n.) A Hebrew measure containing the tenth of a homer, or five gallons and three pints, as a measure for liquids; and two pecks and five quarts, as a dry measure.

Bath (n.) A city in the west of England, resorted to for its hot springs, which has given its name to various objects.

Bathe (n.) The immersion of the body in water; as to take one's usual bathe.

Bather (n.) One who bathes.

Bathing (n.) Act of taking a bath or baths.

Bathmism (n.) See Vital force.

Bathometer (n.) An instrument for measuring depths, esp. one for taking soundings without a sounding

Bathorse (n.) A horse which carries an officer's baggage during a campaign.

Bathos (n.) A ludicrous descent from the elevated to the low, in writing or speech; anticlimax.

Bathybius (n.) A name given by Prof. Huxley to a gelatinous substance found in mud dredged from the Atlantic and preserved in alcohol. He supposed that it was free living protoplasm, covering a large part of the ocean bed. It is now known that the substance is of chemical, not of organic, origin.

Bathymetry (n.) The art or science of sounding, or measuring depths in the sea.

Batiste (n.) Originally, cambric or lawn of fine

Batlet (n.) A short bat for beating clothes in washing them; -- called also batler, batling staff, batting staff.

Batman (n.) A weight used in the East, varying according to the locality; in Turkey, the greater batman is about 157 pounds, the lesser only a fourth of this; at Aleppo and Smyrna, the batman is 17 pounds.

Batman (n.) A man who has charge of a bathorse and his load.

Baton (n.) A staff or truncheon, used for various purposes; as, the baton of a field marshal; the baton of a conductor in musical performances.

Baton (n.) An ordinary with its ends cut off, borne sinister as a mark of bastardy, and containing one fourth in breadth of the bend sinister; -- called also bastard bar. See Bend sinister.

Batoon (n.) See Baton, and Baston.

Batrachian (n.) One of the Batrachia.

Batrachomyomachy (n.) The battle between the frogs and mice; -- a Greek parody on the Iliad, of uncertain authorship.

Batsman (n.) The one who wields the bat in cricket, baseball, etc.

Batta (n.) Extra pay; esp. an extra allowance to an English officer serving in India.

Batta (n.) Rate of exchange; also, the discount on uncurrent coins.

Battailant (n.) A combatant.

Battailous (n.) Arrayed for battle; fit or eager for battle; warlike.

Battalia (n.) Order of battle; disposition or arrangement of troops (brigades, regiments, battalions, etc.), or of a naval force, for action.

Battalia (n.) An army in battle array; also, the main battalia or body.

Battalion (n.) A body of troops; esp. a body of troops or an army in battle array.

Battalion (n.) A regiment, or two or more companies of a regiment, esp. when assembled for drill or battle.

Battel (n.) A single combat; as, trial by battel. See Wager of battel, under Wager.

Battel (n.) Provisions ordered from the buttery; also, the charges for them; -- only in the pl., except when used adjectively.

Batteler (n.) Alt. of Battler

Battler (n.) A student at Oxford who is supplied with provisions from the buttery; formerly, one who paid for nothing but what he called for, answering nearly to a sizar at Cambridge.

Battening (n.) Furring done with small pieces nailed directly upon the wall.

Batter (n.) A backward slope in the face of a wall or of a bank; receding slope.

Batter (n.) One who wields a bat; a batsman.

Batterer (n.) One who, or that which, batters.

Battering-ram (n.) An engine used in ancient times to beat down the walls of besieged places.

Battering-ram (n.) A blacksmith's hammer, suspended, and worked horizontally.

Batting (n.) The act of one who bats; the management of a bat in playing games of ball.

Batting (n.) Cotton in sheets, prepared for use in making quilts, etc.; as, cotton batting.

Battle (n.) To join in battle; to contend in fight; as, to battle over theories.

Battle-ax (n.) Alt. of Battle-axe

Battle-axe (n.) A kind of broadax formerly used as an offensive weapon.

Battledoor (n.) An instrument, with a handle and a flat part covered with parchment or crossed with catgut, used to strike a shuttlecock in play; also, the play of battledoor and shuttlecock.

Battledoor (n.) A child's hornbook.

Battlement (n.) One of the solid upright parts of a parapet in ancient fortifications.

Battlement (n.) pl. The whole parapet, consisting of alternate solids and open spaces. At first purely a military feature, afterwards copied on a smaller scale with decorative features, as for churches.

Battologist (n.) One who battologizes.

Battology (n.) A needless repetition of words in speaking or writing.

Batton (n.) See Batten, and Baton.

Batture (n.) An elevated river bed or sea bed.

Battuta (n.) The measuring of time by beating.

Batule (n.) A springboard in a circus or gymnasium; -- called also batule board.

Batz (n.) A small copper coin, with a mixture of silver, formerly current in some parts of Germany and Switzerland. It was worth about four cents.

Baubee (n.) Same as Bawbee.

Bauble (n.) A trifling piece of finery; a gewgaw; that which is gay and showy without real value; a cheap, showy plaything.

Bauble (n.) The fool's club.

Baudekin (n.) The richest kind of stuff used in garments in the Middle Ages, the web being gold, and the woof silk, with embroidery : -- made originally at Bagdad.

Baudrick (n.) A belt. See Baldric.

Baunscheidtism (n.) A form of acupuncture, followed by the rubbing of the part with a stimulating fluid.

Bauxite (n.) Alt. of Beauxite

Beauxite (n.) A ferruginous hydrate of alumina. It is largely used in the preparation of aluminium and alumina, and for the lining of furnaces which are exposed to intense heat.

Bavarian (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Bavaria.

Bavaroy (n.) A kind of cloak or surtout.

Bavian (n.) A baboon.

Bavin (n.) A fagot of brushwood, or other light combustible matter, for kindling fires; refuse of brushwood.

Bavin (n.) Impure limestone.

Bawbee (n.) A halfpenny.

Bawble (n.) A trinket. See Bauble.

Bawcock (n.) A fine fellow; -- a term of endearment.

Bawd (n.) A person who keeps a house of prostitution, or procures women for a lewd purpose; a procurer or procuress; a lewd person; -- usually applied to a woman.

Bawdiness (n.) Obscenity; lewdness.

Bawdrick (n.) A belt. See Baldric.

Bawdry (n.) The practice of procuring women for the gratification of lust.

Bawdry (n.) Illicit intercourse; fornication.

Bawdry (n.) Obscenity; filthy, unchaste language.

Bawdyhouse (n.) A house of prostitution; a house of ill fame; a brothel.

Bawhorse (n.) Same as Bathorse.

Bawl (n.) A loud, prolonged cry; an outcry.

Bawler (n.) One who bawls.

Bawn (n.) An inclosure with mud or stone walls, for keeping cattle; a fortified inclosure.

Bawn (n.) A large house.

Bawrel (n.) A kind of hawk.

Bawsin (n.) Alt. of Bawson

Bawson (n.) A badger.

Bawson (n.) A large, unwieldy person.

Baxter (n.) A baker; originally, a female baker.

Bay (n.) An inlet of the sea, usually smaller than a gulf, but of the same general character.

Bay (n.) A small body of water set off from the main body; as a compartment containing water for a wheel; the portion of a canal just outside of the gates of a lock, etc.

Bay (n.) A recess or indentation shaped like a bay.

Bay (n.) A principal compartment of the walls, roof, or other part of a building, or of the whole building, as marked off by the buttresses, vaulting, mullions of a window, etc.; one of the main divisions of any structure, as the part of a bridge between two piers.

Bay (n.) A compartment in a barn, for depositing hay, or grain in the stalks.

Bay (n.) A kind of mahogany obtained from Campeachy Bay.

Bay (n.) A berry, particularly of the laurel.

Bay (n.) The laurel tree (Laurus nobilis). Hence, in the plural, an honorary garland or crown bestowed as a prize for victory or excellence, anciently made or consisting of branches of the laurel.

Bay (n.) A tract covered with bay trees.

Bay (n.) A bank or dam to keep back water.

Baya (n.) The East Indian weaver bird (Ploceus Philippinus).

Bayad (n.) Alt. of Bayatte

Bayatte (n.) A large, edible, siluroid fish of the Nile, of two species (Bagrina bayad and B. docmac).

Bayadere (n.) A female dancer in the East Indies.

Bay-antler (n.) The second tine of a stag's horn. See under Antler.

Bayberry (n.) The fruit of the bay tree or Laurus nobilis.

Bayberry (n.) A tree of the West Indies related to the myrtle (Pimenta acris).

Bayberry (n.) The fruit of Myrica cerifera (wax myrtle); the shrub itself; -- called also candleberry tree.

Baybolt (n.) A bolt with a barbed shank.

Bayonet (n.) A pointed instrument of the dagger kind fitted on the muzzle of a musket or rifle, so as to give the soldier increased means of offense and defense.

Bayonet (n.) A pin which plays in and out of holes made to receive it, and which thus serves to engage or disengage parts of the machinery.

Bayou (n.) An inlet from the Gulf of Mexico, from a lake, or from a large river, sometimes sluggish, sometimes without perceptible movement except from tide and wind.

Bays (n.) Alt. of Bayze

Bayze (n.) See Baize.

Bazaar (n.) Alt. of Bazar

Bazar (n.) In the East, an exchange, marketplace, or assemblage of shops where goods are exposed for sale.

Bazar (n.) A spacious hall or suite of rooms for the sale of goods, as at a fair.

Bazar (n.) A fair for the sale of fancy wares, toys, etc., commonly for a charitable objects.

Bdellium (n.) An unidentified substance mentioned in the Bible (Gen. ii. 12, and Num. xi. 7), variously taken to be a gum, a precious stone, or pearls, or perhaps a kind of amber found in Arabia.

Bdellium (n.) A gum resin of reddish brown color, brought from India, Persia, and Africa.

Bdellometer (n.) A cupping glass to which are attached a scarificator and an exhausting syringe.

Bdellomorpha (n.) An order of Nemertina, including the large leechlike worms (Malacobdella) often parasitic in clams.

Beach (n.) Pebbles, collectively; shingle.

Beach (n.) The shore of the sea, or of a lake, which is washed by the waves; especially, a sandy or pebbly shore; the strand.

Beacon (n.) A signal fire to notify of the approach of an enemy, or to give any notice, commonly of warning.

Beacon (n.) A signal or conspicuous mark erected on an eminence near the shore, or moored in shoal water, as a guide to mariners.

Beacon (n.) A high hill near the shore.

Beacon (n.) That which gives notice of danger.

Beaconage (n.) Money paid for the maintenance of a beacon; also, beacons, collectively.

Bead (n.) A prayer.

Bead (n.) A little perforated ball, to be strung on a thread, and worn for ornament; or used in a rosary for counting prayers, as by Roman Catholics and Mohammedans, whence the phrases to tell beads, to at one's beads, to bid beads, etc., meaning, to be at prayer.

Bead (n.) Any small globular body

Bead (n.) A bubble in spirits.

Bead (n.) A drop of sweat or other liquid.

Bead (n.) A small knob of metal on a firearm, used for taking aim (whence the expression to draw a bead, for, to take aim).

Bead (n.) A small molding of rounded surface, the section being usually an arc of a circle. It may be continuous, or broken into short embossments.

Bead (n.) A glassy drop of molten flux, as borax or microcosmic salt, used as a solvent and color test for several mineral earths and oxides, as of iron, manganese, etc., before the blowpipe; as, the borax bead; the iron bead, etc.

Beadhouse (n.) Alt. of Bedehouse

Bedehouse (n.) An almshouse for poor people who pray daily for their benefactors.

Beading (n.) Molding in imitation of beads.

Beading (n.) The beads or bead-forming quality of certain liquors; as, the beading of a brand of whisky.

Beadlery (n.) Office or jurisdiction of a beadle.

Beadleship (n.) The state of being, or the personality of, a beadle.

Beadroll (n.) A catalogue of persons, for the rest of whose souls a certain number of prayers are to be said or counted off on the beads of a chaplet; hence, a catalogue in general.

Beadsman (n.) Alt. of Bedesman

Bedesman (n.) A poor man, supported in a beadhouse, and required to pray for the soul of its founder; an almsman.

Beadsnake (n.) A small poisonous snake of North America (Elaps fulvius), banded with yellow, red, and black.

Beadswoman (n.) Alt. of Bedeswoman

Bedeswoman (n.) Fem. of Beadsman.

Beadwork (n.) Ornamental work in beads.

Beagle (n.) A small hound, or hunting dog, twelve to fifteen inches high, used in hunting hares and other small game. See Illustration in Appendix.

Beagle (n.) Fig.: A spy or detective; a constable.

Beak (n.) The bill or nib of a bird, consisting of a horny sheath, covering the jaws. The form varied much according to the food and habits of the bird, and is largely used in the classification of birds.

Beak (n.) A similar bill in other animals, as the turtles.

Beak (n.) The long projecting sucking mouth of some insects, and other invertebrates, as in the Hemiptera.

Beak (n.) The upper or projecting part of the shell, near the hinge of a bivalve.

Beak (n.) The prolongation of certain univalve shells containing the canal.

Beak (n.) Anything projecting or ending in a point, like a beak, as a promontory of land.

Beak (n.) A beam, shod or armed at the end with a metal head or point, and projecting from the prow of an ancient galley, in order to pierce the vessel of an enemy; a beakhead.

Beak (n.) That part of a ship, before the forecastle, which is fastened to the stem, and supported by the main knee.

Beak (n.) A continuous slight projection ending in an arris or narrow fillet; that part of a drip from which the water is thrown off.

Beak (n.) Any process somewhat like the beak of a bird, terminating the fruit or other parts of a plant.

Beak (n.) A toe clip. See Clip, n. (Far.).

Beak (n.) A magistrate or policeman.

Beaker (n.) A large drinking cup, with a wide mouth, supported on a foot or standard.

Beaker (n.) An open-mouthed, thin glass vessel, having a projecting lip for pouring; -- used for holding solutions requiring heat.

Beakhead (n.) An ornament used in rich Norman doorways, resembling a head with a beak.

Beakhead (n.) A small platform at the fore part of the upper deck of a vessel, which contains the water closets of the crew.

Beakhead (n.) Same as Beak, 3.

Beakiron (n.) A bickern; a bench anvil with a long beak, adapted to reach the interior surface of sheet metal ware; the horn of an anvil.

Be-all (n.) The whole; all that is to be.

Beam (n.) Any large piece of timber or iron long in proportion to its thickness, and prepared for use.

Beam (n.) One of the principal horizontal timbers of a building or ship.

Beam (n.) The width of a vessel; as, one vessel is said to have more beam than another.

Beam (n.) The bar of a balance, from the ends of which the scales are suspended.

Beam (n.) The principal stem or horn of a stag or other deer, which bears the antlers, or branches.

Beam (n.) The pole of a carriage.

Beam (n.) A cylinder of wood, making part of a loom, on which weavers wind the warp before weaving; also, the cylinder on which the cloth is rolled, as it is woven; one being called the fore beam, the other the back beam.

Beam (n.) The straight part or shank of an anchor.

Beam (n.) The main part of a plow, to which the handles and colter are secured, and to the end of which are attached the oxen or horses that draw it.

Beam (n.) A heavy iron lever having an oscillating motion on a central axis, one end of which is connected with the piston rod from which it receives motion, and the other with the crank of the wheel shaft; -- called also working beam or walking beam.

Beam (n.) A ray or collection of parallel rays emitted from the sun or other luminous body; as, a beam of light, or of heat.

Beam (n.) Fig.: A ray; a gleam; as, a beam of comfort.

Beam (n.) One of the long feathers in the wing of a hawk; -- called also beam feather.

Beambird (n.) A small European flycatcher (Muscicapa gricola), so called because it often nests on a beam in a building.

Beaminess (n.) The state of being beamy.

Beamlet (n.) A small beam of light.

Bean (n.) A name given to the seed of certain leguminous herbs, chiefly of the genera Faba, Phaseolus, and Dolichos; also, to the herbs.

Bean (n.) The popular name of other vegetable seeds or fruits, more or less resembling true beans.

Bear (n.) A bier.

Bear (n.) Any species of the genus Ursus, and of the closely allied genera. Bears are plantigrade Carnivora, but they live largely on fruit and insects.

Bear (n.) An animal which has some resemblance to a bear in form or habits, but no real affinity; as, the woolly bear; ant bear; water bear; sea bear.

Bear (n.) One of two constellations in the northern hemisphere, called respectively the Great Bear and the Lesser Bear, or Ursa Major and Ursa Minor.

Bear (n.) Metaphorically: A brutal, coarse, or morose person.

Bear (n.) A person who sells stocks or securities for future delivery in expectation of a fall in the market.

Bear (n.) A portable punching machine.

Bear (n.) A block covered with coarse matting; -- used to scour the deck.

Bear (n.) Alt. of Bere

Bere (n.) Barley; the six-rowed barley or the four-rowed barley, commonly the former (Hord. vulgare).

Bearberry (n.) A trailing plant of the heath family (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi), having leaves which are tonic and astringent, and glossy red berries of which bears are said to be fond.

Bearbind (n.) The bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis).

Beard (n.) The hair that grows on the chin, lips, and adjacent parts of the human face, chiefly of male adults.

Beard (n.) The long hairs about the face in animals, as in the goat.

Beard (n.) The cluster of small feathers at the base of the beak in some birds

Beard (n.) The appendages to the jaw in some Cetacea, and to the mouth or jaws of some fishes.

Beard (n.) The byssus of certain shellfish, as the muscle.

Beard (n.) The gills of some bivalves, as the oyster.

Beard (n.) In insects, the hairs of the labial palpi of moths and butterflies.

Beard (n.) Long or stiff hairs on a plant; the awn; as, the beard of grain.

Beard (n.) A barb or sharp point of an arrow or other instrument, projecting backward to prevent the head from being easily drawn out.

Beard (n.) That part of the under side of a horse's lower jaw which is above the chin, and bears the curb of a bridle.

Beard (n.) That part of a type which is between the shoulder of the shank and the face.

Beard (n.) An imposition; a trick.

Beardie (n.) The bearded loach (Nemachilus barbatus) of Europe.

Beardlessness (n.) The state or quality of being destitute of beard.

Bearer (n.) One who, or that which, bears, sustains, or carries.

Bearer (n.) Specifically: One who assists in carrying a body to the grave; a pallbearer.

Bearer (n.) A palanquin carrier; also, a house servant.

Bearer (n.) A tree or plant yielding fruit; as, a good bearer.

Bearer (n.) One who holds a check, note, draft, or other order for the payment of money; as, pay to bearer.

Bearer (n.) A strip of reglet or other furniture to bear off the impression from a blank page; also, a type or type-high piece of metal interspersed in blank parts to support the plate when it is shaved.

Bearherd (n.) A man who tends a bear.

Bearhound (n.) A hound for baiting or hunting bears.

Bearing (n.) The manner in which one bears or conducts one's self; mien; behavior; carriage.

Bearing (n.) Patient endurance; suffering without complaint.

Bearing (n.) The situation of one object, with respect to another, such situation being supposed to have a connection with the object, or influence upon it, or to be influenced by it; hence, relation; connection.

Bearing (n.) Purport; meaning; intended significance; aspect.

Bearing (n.) The act, power, or time of producing or giving birth; as, a tree in full bearing; a tree past bearing.

Bearing (n.) That part of any member of a building which rests upon its supports; as, a lintel or beam may have four inches of bearing upon the wall.

Bearing (n.) The portion of a support on which anything rests.

Bearing (n.) Improperly, the unsupported span; as, the beam has twenty feet of bearing between its supports.

Bearing (n.) The part of an axle or shaft in contact with its support, collar, or boxing; the journal.

Bearing (n.) The part of the support on which a journal rests and rotates.

Bearing (n.) Any single emblem or charge in an escutcheon or coat of arms -- commonly in the pl.

Bearing (n.) The situation of a distant object, with regard to a ship's position, as on the bow, on the lee quarter, etc.; the direction or point of the compass in which an object is seen; as, the bearing of the cape was W. N. W.

Bearing (n.) The widest part of a vessel below the plank-sheer.

Bearing (n.) The

Bearishness (n.) Behavior like that of a bear.

Bearn (n.) See Bairn.

Bear's-breech (n.) See Acanthus, n., 1.

Bear's-breech (n.) The English cow parsnip (Heracleum sphondylium)

Bear's-ear (n.) A kind of primrose (Primula auricula), so called from the shape of the leaf.

Bear's-foot (n.) A species of hellebore (Helleborus foetidus), with digitate leaves. It has an offensive smell and acrid taste, and is a powerful emetic, cathartic, and anthelmintic.

Bearskin (n.) The skin of a bear.

Bearskin (n.) A coarse, shaggy, woolen cloth for overcoats.

Bearskin (n.) A cap made of bearskin, esp. one worn by soldiers.

Bear's-paw (n.) A large bivalve shell of the East Indies (Hippopus maculatus), often used as an ornament.

Bearward (n.) A keeper of bears. See Bearherd.

Beast (n.) Any living creature; an animal; -- including man, insects, etc.

Beast (n.) Any four-footed animal, that may be used for labor, food, or sport; as, a beast of burden.

Beast (n.) As opposed to man: Any irrational animal.

Beast (n.) Fig.: A coarse, brutal, filthy, or degraded fellow.

Beast (n.) A game at cards similar to loo.

Beast (n.) A penalty at beast, omber, etc. Hence: To be beasted, to be beaten at beast, omber, etc.

Beasthood (n.) State or nature of a beast.

Beastlihead (n.) Beast


Beat (n.) A stroke; a blow.

Beat (n.) A recurring stroke; a throb; a pulsation; as, a beat of the heart; the beat of the pulse.

Beat (n.) The rise or fall of the hand or foot, marking the divisions of time; a division of the measure so marked. In the rhythm of music the beat is the unit.

Beat (n.) A transient grace note, struck immediately before the one it is intended to ornament.

Beat (n.) A sudden swelling or reenforcement of a sound, recurring at regular intervals, and produced by the interference of sound waves of slightly different periods of vibrations; applied also, by analogy, to other kinds of wave motions; the pulsation or throbbing produced by the vibrating together of two tones not quite in unison. See Beat, v. i., 8.

Beater (n.) One who, or that which, beats.

Beater (n.) A person who beats up game for the hunters.

Beatification (n.) The act of beatifying, or the state of being beatified; esp., in the R. C. Church, the act or process of ascertaining and declaring that a deceased person is one of "the blessed," or has attained the second degree of sanctity, -- usually a stage in the process of canonization.

Beating (n.) The act of striking or giving blows; punishment or chastisement by blows.

Beating (n.) Pulsation; throbbing; as, the beating of the heart.

Beating (n.) Pulsative sounds. See Beat, n.

Beating (n.) The process of sailing against the wind by tacks in zigzag direction.

Beatitude (n.) Felicity of the highest kind; consummate bliss.

Beatitude (n.) Any one of the nine declarations (called the Beatitudes), made in the Sermon on the Mount (Matt. v. 3-12), with regard to the blessedness of those who are distinguished by certain specified virtues.

Beatitude (n.) Beatification.

Beau (n.) A man who takes great care to dress in the latest fashion; a dandy.

Beau (n.) A man who escorts, or pays attentions to, a lady; an escort; a lover.

Beaucatcher (n.) A small flat curl worn on the temple by women.

Beaufet (n.) A niche, cupboard, or sideboard for plate, china, glass, etc.; a buffet.

Beaufin (n.) See Biffin.

Beauish (n.) Like a beau; characteristic of a beau; foppish; fine.

Beaupere (n.) A father.

Beaupere (n.) A companion.

Beauseant (n.) The black and white standard of the Knights Templars.

Beauship (n.) The state of being a beau; the personality of a beau.

Beautifier (n.) One who, or that which, beautifies or makes beautiful.

Beauty (n.) An assemblage or graces or properties pleasing to the eye, the ear, the intellect, the aesthetic faculty, or the moral sense.

Beauty (n.) A particular grace, feature, ornament, or excellence; anything beautiful; as, the beauties of nature.

Beauty (n.) A beautiful person, esp. a beautiful woman.

Beauty (n.) Prevailing style or taste; rage; fashion.

Beaux (n.) pl. of Beau.

Beauxite (n.) See Bauxite.

Beaver (n.) An amphibious rodent, of the genus Castor.

Beaver (n.) The fur of the beaver.

Beaver (n.) A hat, formerly made of the fur of the beaver, but now usually of silk.

Beaver (n.) Beaver cloth, a heavy felted woolen cloth, used chiefly for making overcoats.

Beaver (n.) That piece of armor which protected the lower part of the face, whether forming a part of the helmet or fixed to the breastplate. It was so constructed (with joints or otherwise) that the wearer could raise or lower it to eat and drink.

Beaverteen (n.) A kind of fustian made of coarse twilled cotton, shorn after dyeing.

Bebeerine (n.) Alt. of Bebirine

Bebirine (n.) An alkaloid got from the bark of the bebeeru, or green heart of Guiana (Nectandra Rodioei). It is a tonic, antiperiodic, and febrifuge, and is used in medicine as a substitute for quinine.

Becalming (n.) of Becalm

Becard (n.) A South American bird of the flycatcher family. (Tityra inquisetor).

Beccabunga (n.) See Brooklime.

Beccafico (n.) A small bird. (Silvia hortensis), which is highly prized by the Italians for the delicacy of its flesh in the autumn, when it has fed on figs, grapes, etc.

Bechamel (n.) A rich, white sauce, prepared with butter and cream.

Bechic (n.) A medicine for relieving coughs.

Beck (n.) See Beak.

Beck (n.) A small brook.

Beck (n.) A vat. See Back.

Beck (n.) A significant nod, or motion of the head or hand, esp. as a call or command.

Becker (n.) A European fish (Pagellus centrodontus); the sea bream or braise.

Becket (n.) A small grommet, or a ring or loop of rope / metal for holding things in position, as spars, ropes, etc.; also a bracket, a pocket, or a handle made of rope.

Becket (n.) A spade for digging turf.

Beckon (n.) A sign made without words; a beck.

Becoming (n.) That which is becoming or appropriate.

Becomingness (n.) The quality of being becoming, appropriate, or fit; congruity; fitness.

Becuna (n.) A fish of the Mediterranean (Sphyraena spet). See Barracuda.

Bed (n.) An article of furniture to sleep or take rest in or on; a couch. Specifically: A sack or mattress, filled with some soft material, in distinction from the bedstead on which it is placed (as, a feather bed), or this with the bedclothes added. In a general sense, any thing or place used for sleeping or reclining on or in, as a quantity of hay, straw, leaves, or twigs.

Bed (n.) (Used as the symbol of matrimony) Marriage.

Bed (n.) A plat or level piece of ground in a garden, usually a little raised above the adjoining ground.

Bed (n.) A mass or heap of anything arranged like a bed; as, a bed of ashes or coals.

Bed (n.) The bottom of a watercourse, or of any body of water; as, the bed of a river.

Bed (n.) A layer or seam, or a horizontal stratum between layers; as, a bed of coal, iron, etc.

Bed (n.) See Gun carriage, and Mortar bed.

Bed (n.) The horizontal surface of a building stone; as, the upper and lower beds.

Bed (n.) A course of stone or brick in a wall.

Bed (n.) The place or material in which a block or brick is laid.

Bed (n.) The lower surface of a brick, slate, or tile.

Bed (n.) The foundation or the more solid and fixed part or framing of a machine; or a part on which something is laid or supported; as, the bed of an engine.

Bed (n.) The superficial earthwork, or ballast, of a railroad.

Bed (n.) The flat part of the press, on which the form is laid.

Bedagat (n.) The sacred books of the Buddhists in Burmah.

Bedbug (n.) A wingless, bloodsucking, hemipterous insect (Cimex Lectularius), sometimes infesting houses and especially beds. See Illustration in Appendix.

Bedchair (n.) A chair with adjustable back, for the sick, to support them while sitting up in bed.

Bedchamber (n.) A chamber for a bed; an apartment form sleeping in.

Bedcord (n.) A cord or rope interwoven in a bedstead so as to support the bed.

Bedding (n.) A bed and its furniture; the materials of a bed, whether for man or beast; bedclothes; litter.

Bedding (n.) The state or position of beds and layers.

Bede (n.) A kind of pickax.

Bedeguar (n.) Alt. of Bedegar

Bedegar (n.) A gall produced on rosebushes, esp. on the sweetbrier or eglantine, by a puncture from the ovipositor of a gallfly (Rhodites rosae). It was once supposed to have medicinal properties.

Bedehouse (n.) Same as Beadhouse.

Bedel (n.) Alt. of Bedell

Bedell (n.) Same as Beadle.

Bedelry (n.) Beadleship.

Beden (n.) The Abyssinian or Arabian ibex (Capra Nubiana). It is probably the wild goat of the Bible.

Bedesman (n.) Same as Beadsman.

Bedevilment (n.) The state of being bedeviled; bewildering confusion; vexatious trouble.

Bedewer (n.) One who, or that which, bedews.

Bedfellow (n.) One who lies with another in the same bed; a person who shares one's couch.

Bedfere Bedphere (n.) A bedfellow.

Bedgown (n.) A nightgown.

Bedizenment (n.) That which bedizens; the act of dressing, or the state of being dressed, tawdrily.

Bedkey (n.) An instrument for tightening the parts of a bedstead.

Bedlam (n.) A place appropriated to the confinement and care of the insane; a madhouse.

Bedlam (n.) An insane person; a lunatic; a madman.

Bedlam (n.) Any place where uproar and confusion prevail.

Bedlamite (n.) An inhabitant of a madhouse; a madman.

Bedmaker (n.) One who makes beds.

Bed-molding (n.) Alt. of Bed-moulding

Bed-moulding (n.) The molding of a cornice immediately below the corona.

Bedouin (n.) One of the nomadic Arabs who live in tents, and are scattered over Arabia, Syria, and northern Africa, esp. in the deserts.

Bedpan (n.) A pan for warming beds.

Bedpan (n.) A shallow chamber vessel, so constructed that it can be used by a sick person in bed.

Bedphere (n.) See Bedfere.

Bedpiece (n.) Alt. of Bedplate

Bedplate (n.) The foundation framing or piece, by which the other parts are supported and held in place; the bed; -- called also baseplate and soleplate.

Bedpost (n.) One of the four standards that support a bedstead or the canopy over a bedstead.

Bedpost (n.) Anciently, a post or pin on each side of the bed to keep the clothes from falling off. See Bedstaff.

Bedquilt (n.) A quilt for a bed; a coverlet.

Bedright Bedrite (n.) The duty or privilege of the marriage bed.

Bedroom (n.) A room or apartment intended or used for a bed; a lodging room.

Bedroom (n.) Room in a bed.

Bedside (n.) The side of a bed.

Bedsite (n.) A recess in a room for a bed.

Bedsore (n.) A sore on the back or hips caused by lying for a long time in bed.

Bedspread (n.) A bedquilt; a counterpane; a coverlet.

Bedstaff (n.) "A wooden pin stuck anciently on the sides of the bedstead, to hold the clothes from slipping on either side."

Bedstead (n.) A framework for supporting a bed.

Bedstock (n.) The front or the back part of the frame of a bedstead.

Bedstraw (n.) Straw put into a bed.

Bedstraw (n.) A genus of slender herbs, usually with square stems, whorled leaves, and small white flowers.

Bedswerver (n.) One who swerves from and is unfaithful to the marriage vow.

Bedtick (n.) A tick or bag made of cloth, used for inclosing the materials of a bed.

Bedtime (n.) The time to go to bed.

Beduin (n.) See Bedouin.

Bee (n.) An insect of the order Hymenoptera, and family Apidae (the honeybees), or family Andrenidae (the solitary bees.) See Honeybee.

Bee (n.) A neighborly gathering of people who engage in united labor for the benefit of an individual or family; as, a quilting bee; a husking bee; a raising bee.

Bee (n.) Pieces of hard wood bolted to the sides of the bowsprit, to reeve the fore-topmast stays through; -- called also bee blocks.

Beebread (n.) A brown, bitter substance found in some of the cells of honeycomb. It is made chiefly from the pollen of flowers, which is collected by bees as food for their young.

Beech (n.) A tree of the genus Fagus.

Beechnut (n.) The nut of the beech tree.

Bee-eater (n.) A bird of the genus Merops, that feeds on bees. The European species (M. apiaster) is remarkable for its brilliant colors.

Bee-eater (n.) An African bird of the genus Rhinopomastes.

Beef (n.) An animal of the genus Bos, especially the common species, B. taurus, including the bull, cow, and ox, in their full grown state; esp., an ox or cow fattened for food.

Beef (n.) The flesh of an ox, or cow, or of any adult bovine animal, when slaughtered for food.

Beef (n.) Applied colloquially to human flesh.

Beefeater (n.) One who eats beef; hence, a large, fleshy person.

Beefeater (n.) One of the yeomen of the guard, in England.

Beefeater (n.) An African bird of the genus Buphaga, which feeds on the larvae of botflies hatched under the skin of oxen, antelopes, etc. Two species are known.

Beefsteak (n.) A steak of beef; a slice of beef broiled or suitable for broiling.

Beef-witted (n.) Stupid; dull.

Beefwood (n.) An Australian tree (Casuarina), and its red wood, used for cabinetwork; also, the trees Stenocarpus salignus of New South Wales, and Banksia compar of Queensland.

Beehive (n.) A hive for a swarm of bees. Also used figuratively.

Beehouse (n.) A house for bees; an apiary.

Beeld (n.) Same as Beild.

Beelzebub (n.) The title of a heathen deity to whom the Jews ascribed the sovereignty of the evil spirits; hence, the Devil or a devil. See Baal.

Beem (n.) A trumpet.

Beemaster (n.) One who keeps bees.

Beer (n.) A fermented liquor made from any malted grain, but commonly from barley malt, with hops or some other substance to impart a bitter flavor.

Beer (n.) A fermented extract of the roots and other parts of various plants, as spruce, ginger, sassafras, etc.

Beeregar (n.) Sour beer.

Beerhouse (n.) A house where malt liquors are sold; an alehouse.

Beeriness (n.) Beery condition.

Beestings (n.) Same as Biestings.

Beeswax (n.) The wax secreted by bees, and of which their cells are constructed.

Beeswing (n.) The second crust formed in port and some other wines after long keeping. It consists of pure, shining scales of tartar, supposed to resemble the wing of a bee.

Beet (n.) A biennial plant of the genus Beta, which produces an edible root the first year and seed the second year.

Beet (n.) The root of plants of the genus Beta, different species and varieties of which are used for the table, for feeding stock, or in making sugar.

Beetlehead (n.) A stupid fellow; a blockhead.

Beetlehead (n.) The black-bellied plover, or bullhead (Squatarola helvetica). See Plover.

Beetlestock (n.) The handle of a beetle.

Beetrave (n.) The common beet (Beta vulgaris).

Beeve (n.) A beef; a beef creature.

Beeves (n.) plural of Beef, the animal.

Befriendment (n.) Act of befriending.

Beg (n.) A title of honor in Turkey and in some other parts of the East; a bey.

Bega (n.) See Bigha.

Begetter (n.) One who begets; a father.

Beggar (n.) One who begs; one who asks or entreats earnestly, or with humility; a petitioner.

Beggar (n.) One who makes it his business to ask alms.

Beggar (n.) One who is dependent upon others for support; -- a contemptuous or sarcastic use.

Beggar (n.) One who assumes in argument what he does not prove.

Beggarhood (n.) The condition of being a beggar; also, the class of beggars.

Beggarism (n.) Beggary.


Beggary (n.) The act of begging; the state of being a beggar; mendicancy; extreme poverty.

Beggary (n.) Beggarly appearance.

Beggestere (n.) A beggar.

Beghard (n.) Alt. of Beguard

Beguard (n.) One of an association of religious laymen living in imitation of the Beguines. They arose in the thirteenth century, were afterward subjected to much persecution, and were suppressed by Innocent X. in 1650. Called also Beguins.

Begin (n.) Beginning.

Beginner (n.) One who begins or originates anything. Specifically: A young or inexperienced practitioner or student; a tyro.

Beginning (n.) The act of doing that which begins anything; commencement of an action, state, or space of time; entrance into being or upon a course; the first act, effort, or state of a succession of acts or states.

Beginning (n.) That which begins or originates something; the first cause; origin; source.

Beginning (n.) That which is begun; a rudiment or element.

Beginning (n.) Enterprise.

Beglerbeg (n.) The governor of a province of the Ottoman empire, next in dignity to the grand vizier.

Begonia (n.) A genus of plants, mostly of tropical America, many species of which are grown as ornamental plants. The leaves are curiously one-sided, and often exhibit brilliant colors.

Begrimer (n.) One who, or that which, begrimes.

Beguilement (n.) The act of beguiling, or the state of being beguiled.

Beguiler (n.) One who, or that which, beguiles.

Beguin (n.) See Beghard.

Beguinage (n.) A collection of small houses surrounded by a wall and occupied by a community of Beguines.

Beguine (n.) A woman belonging to one of the religious and charitable associations or communities in the Netherlands, and elsewhere, whose members live in beguinages and are not bound by perpetual vows.

Begum (n.) In the East Indies, a princess or lady of high rank.

Behalf (n.) Advantage; favor; stead; benefit; interest; profit; support; defense; vindication.

Behavior (n.) Manner of behaving, whether good or bad; mode of conducting one's self; conduct; deportment; carriage; -- used also of inanimate objects; as, the behavior of a ship in a storm; the behavior of the magnetic needle.

Beheadal (n.) Beheading.

Behemoth (n.) An animal, probably the hippopotamus, described in Job xl. 15-24.

Behen (n.) Alt. of Behn

Behn (n.) The Centaurea behen, or saw-leaved centaury.

Behn (n.) The Cucubalus behen, or bladder campion, now called Silene inflata.

Behn (n.) The Statice limonium, or sea lavender.

Behest (n.) That which is willed or ordered; a command; a mandate; an injunction.

Behest (n.) A vow; a promise.

Behight (n.) A vow; a promise.

Behind (n.) The backside; the rump.

Beholder (n.) One who beholds; a spectator.

Beholding (n.) The act of seeing; sight; also, that which is beheld.

Beholdingness (n.) The state of being obliged or beholden.

Behoove (n.) Advantage; behoof.

Beige (n.) Debeige.

Beild (n.) A place of shelter; protection; refuge.

Being (n.) Existence, as opposed to nonexistence; state or sphere of existence.

Being (n.) That which exists in any form, whether it be material or spiritual, actual or ideal; living existence, as distinguished from a thing without life; as, a human being; spiritual beings.

Being (n.) Lifetime; mortal existence.

Being (n.) An abode; a cottage.

Bekah (n.) Half a shekel.

Bel (n.) The Babylonian name of the god known among the Hebrews as Baal. See Baal.

Bel-accoyle (n.) A kind or favorable reception or salutation.

Belamour (n.) A lover.

Belamour (n.) A flower, but of what kind is unknown.

Belamy (n.) Good friend; dear friend.

Belch (n.) The act of belching; also, that which is belched; an eructation.

Belch (n.) Malt liquor; -- vulgarly so called as causing eructation.

Belcher (n.) One who, or that which, belches.

Beldam (n.) Alt. of Beldame

Beldame (n.) Grandmother; -- corresponding to belsire.

Beldame (n.) An old woman in general; especially, an ugly old woman; a hag.

Beleaguerer (n.) One who beleaguers.

Belemnite (n.) A conical calcareous fossil, tapering to a point at the lower extremity, with a conical cavity at the other end, where it is ordinarily broken; but when perfect it contains a small chambered cone, called the phragmocone, prolonged, on one side, into a delicate concave blade; the thunderstone. It is the internal shell of a cephalopod related to the sepia, and belonging to an extinct family. The belemnites are found in rocks of the Jurassic and Cretaceous ages.

Bel-esprit (n.) A fine genius, or man of wit.

Belfry (n.) A movable tower erected by besiegers for purposes of attack and defense.

Belfry (n.) A bell tower, usually attached to a church or other building, but sometimes separate; a campanile.

Belfry (n.) A room in a tower in which a bell is or may be hung; or a cupola or turret for the same purpose.

Belfry (n.) The framing on which a bell is suspended.

Belgard (n.) A sweet or loving look.

Belgian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Belgium.

Belial (n.) An evil spirit; a wicked and unprincipled person; the personification of evil.

Belie (n.) To show to be false; to convict of, or charge with, falsehood.

Belie (n.) To give a false representation or account of.

Belie (n.) To tell lie about; to calumniate; to slander.

Belie (n.) To mimic; to counterfeit.

Belie (n.) To fill with lies.

Belief (n.) Assent to a proposition or affirmation, or the acceptance of a fact, opinion, or assertion as real or true, without immediate personal knowledge; reliance upon word or testimony; partial or full assurance without positive knowledge or absolute certainty; persuasion; conviction; confidence; as, belief of a witness; the belief of our senses.

Belief (n.) A persuasion of the truths of religion; faith.

Belief (n.) The thing believed; the object of belief.

Belief (n.) A tenet, or the body of tenets, held by the advocates of any class of views; doctrine; creed.

Believe (n.) To exercise belief in; to credit upon the authority or testimony of another; to be persuaded of the truth of, upon evidence furnished by reasons, arguments, and deductions of the mind, or by circumstances other than personal knowledge; to regard or accept as true; to place confidence in; to think; to consider; as, to believe a person, a statement, or a doctrine.

Believer (n.) One who believes; one who is persuaded of the truth or reality of some doctrine, person, or thing.

Believer (n.) One who gives credit to the truth of the Scriptures, as a revelation from God; a Christian; -- in a more restricted sense, one who receives Christ as his Savior, and accepts the way of salvation unfolded in the gospel.

Believer (n.) One who was admitted to all the rights of divine worship and instructed in all the mysteries of the Christian religion, in distinction from a catechumen, or one yet under instruction.

Bell (n.) A hollow metallic vessel, usually shaped somewhat like a cup with a flaring mouth, containing a clapper or tongue, and giving forth a ringing sound on being struck.

Bell (n.) A hollow perforated sphere of metal containing a loose ball which causes it to sound when moved.

Bell (n.) Anything in the form of a bell, as the cup or corol of a flower.

Bell (n.) That part of the capital of a column included between the abacus and neck molding; also used for the naked core of nearly cylindrical shape, assumed to exist within the leafage of a capital.

Bell (n.) The strikes of the bell which mark the time; or the time so designated.

Belladonna (n.) An herbaceous European plant (Atropa belladonna) with reddish bell-shaped flowers and shining black berries. The whole plant and its fruit are very poisonous, and the root and leaves are used as powerful medicinal agents. Its properties are largely due to the alkaloid atropine which it contains. Called also deadly nightshade.

Belladonna (n.) A species of Amaryllis (A. belladonna); the belladonna lily.

Bellbird (n.) A South American bird of the genus Casmarhincos, and family Cotingidae, of several species; the campanero.

Bellbird (n.) The Myzantha melanophrys of Australia.

Belle (n.) A young lady of superior beauty and attractions; a handsome lady, or one who attracts notice in society; a fair lady.

Belle-lettrist (n.) One versed in belles-lettres.

Bellerophon (n.) A genus of fossil univalve shells, believed to belong to the Heteropoda, peculiar to the Paleozoic age.

Bellflower (n.) A plant of the genus Campanula; -- so named from its bell-shaped flowers.

Bellflower (n.) A kind of apple. The yellow bellflower is a large, yellow winter apple.

Bellibone (n.) A woman excelling both in beauty and goodness; a fair maid.

Belligerence (n.) Alt. of Belligerency

Belligerency (n.) The quality of being belligerent; act or state of making war; warfare.

Belligerent (n.) A nation or state recognized as carrying on war; a person engaged in warfare.

Belling (n.) A bellowing, as of a deer in rutting time.

Bellman (n.) A man who rings a bell, especially to give notice of anything in the streets. Formerly, also, a night watchman who called the hours.

Bellon (n.) Lead colic.

Bellona (n.) The goddess of war.

Bellow (n.) A loud resounding outcry or noise, as of an enraged bull; a roar.

Bellower (n.) One who, or that which, bellows.

Bellwether (n.) A wether, or sheep, which leads the flock, with a bell on his neck.

Bellwether (n.) Hence: A leader.

Bellwort (n.) A genus of plants (Uvularia) with yellowish bell-shaped flowers.

Belly (n.) That part of the human body which extends downward from the breast to the thighs, and contains the bowels, or intestines; the abdomen.

Belly (n.) The under part of the body of animals, corresponding to the human belly.

Belly (n.) The womb.

Belly (n.) The part of anything which resembles the human belly in protuberance or in cavity; the innermost part; as, the belly of a flask, muscle, sail, ship.

Belly (n.) The hollow part of a curved or bent timber, the convex part of which is the back.

Bellyache (n.) Pain in the bowels; colic.

Bellyband (n.) A band that passes under the belly of a horse and holds the saddle or harness in place; a girth.

Bellyband (n.) A band of flannel or other cloth about the belly.

Bellyband (n.) A band of canvas, to strengthen a sail.

Bellycheat (n.) An apron or covering for the front of the person.

Bellycheer (n.) Good cheer; viands.

Bellyful (n.) As much as satisfies the appetite. Hence: A great abundance; more than enough.

Belly-god (n.) One whose great pleasure it is to gratify his appetite; a glutton; an epicure.

Belomancy (n.) A kind of divination anciently practiced by means of marked arrows drawn at random from a bag or quiver, the marks on the arrows drawn being supposed to foreshow the future.

Belonging (n.) That which belongs to one; that which pertains to one; hence, goods or effects.

Belonging (n.) That which is connected with a principal or greater thing; an appendage; an appurtenance.

Belonging (n.) Family; relations; household.

Belonite (n.) Minute acicular or dendritic crystal

Belooche Beloochee (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Beloochistan.

Beloved (n.) One greatly loved.

Belsire (n.) A grandfather, or ancestor.

Belswagger (n.) A lewd man; also, a bully.

Belt (n.) That which engirdles a person or thing; a band or girdle; as, a lady's belt; a sword belt.

Belt (n.) That which restrains or confines as a girdle.

Belt (n.) Anything that resembles a belt, or that encircles or crosses like a belt; a strip or stripe; as, a belt of trees; a belt of sand.

Belt (n.) Same as Band, n., 2. A very broad band is more properly termed a belt.

Belt (n.) One of certain girdles or zones on the surface of the planets Jupiter and Saturn, supposed to be of the nature of clouds.

Belt (n.) A narrow passage or strait; as, the Great Belt and the Lesser Belt, leading to the Baltic Sea.

Belt (n.) A token or badge of knightly rank.

Belt (n.) A band of leather, or other flexible substance, passing around two wheels, and communicating motion from one to the other.

Belt (n.) A band or stripe, as of color, round any organ; or any circular ridge or series of ridges.

Beltane (n.) The first day of May (Old Style).

Beltane (n.) A festival of the heathen Celts on the first day of May, in the observance of which great bonfires were kindled. It still exists in a modified form in some parts of Scotland and Ireland.

Beltein (n.) Alt. of Beltin

Beltin (n.) See Beltane.

Belting (n.) The material of which belts for machinery are made; also, belts, taken collectively.

Beluga (n.) A cetacean allied to the dolphins.

Belvedere (n.) A small building, or a part of a building, more or less open, constructed in a place commanding a fine prospect.

Belzebuth (n.) A spider monkey (Ateles belzebuth) of Brazil.

Bema (n.) A platform from which speakers addressed an assembly.

Bema (n.) That part of an early Christian church which was reserved for the higher clergy; the inner or eastern part of the chancel.

Bema (n.) Erroneously: A pulpit.

Bemoaner (n.) One who bemoans.

Bemol (n.) The sign /; the same as B flat.

Bench (n.) A long seat, differing from a stool in its greater length.

Bench (n.) A long table at which mechanics and other work; as, a carpenter's bench.

Bench (n.) The seat where judges sit in court.

Bench (n.) The persons who sit as judges; the court; as, the opinion of the full bench. See King's Bench.

Bench (n.) A collection or group of dogs exhibited to the public; -- so named because the animals are usually placed on benches or raised platforms.

Bench (n.) A conformation like a bench; a long stretch of flat ground, or a kind of natural terrace, near a lake or river.

Bencher (n.) One of the senior and governing members of an Inn of Court.

Bencher (n.) An alderman of a corporation.

Bencher (n.) A member of a court or council.

Bencher (n.) One who frequents the benches of a tavern; an idler.

Bend (n.) A turn or deflection from a straight

Bend (n.) Turn; purpose; inclination; ends.

Bend (n.) A knot by which one rope is fastened to another or to an anchor, spar, or post.

Bend (n.) The best quality of sole leather; a butt. See Butt.

Bend (n.) Hard, indurated clay; bind.

Bend (n.) same as caisson disease. Usually referred to as the bends.

Bend (n.) A band.

Bend (n.) One of the honorable ordinaries, containing a third or a fifth part of the field. It crosses the field diagonally from the dexter chief to the sinister base.

Bender (n.) One who, or that which, bends.

Bender (n.) An instrument used for bending.

Bender (n.) A drunken spree.

Bender (n.) A sixpence.

Bending (n.) The marking of the clothes with stripes or horizontal bands.

Bendlet (n.) A narrow bend, esp. one half the width of the bend.

Bene (n.) See Benne.

Bene (n.) A prayer; boon.

Bene (n.) Alt. of Ben

Ben (n.) A hoglike mammal of New Guinea (Porcula papuensis).

Benedicite (n.) A canticle (the Latin version of which begins with this word) which may be used in the order for morning prayer in the Church of England. It is taken from an apocryphal addition to the third chapter of Daniel.

Benedicite (n.) An exclamation corresponding to Bless you !.

Benedict (n.) Alt. of Benedick

Benedick (n.) A married man, or a man newly married.

Benedictine (n.) One of a famous order of monks, established by St. Benedict of Nursia in the sixth century. This order was introduced into the United States in 1846.

Benediction (n.) The act of blessing.

Benediction (n.) A blessing; an expression of blessing, prayer, or kind wishes in favor of any person or thing; a solemn or affectionate invocation of happiness.

Benediction (n.) The short prayer which closes public worship; as, to give the benediction.

Benediction (n.) The form of instituting an abbot, answering to the consecration of a bishop.

Benediction (n.) A solemn rite by which bells, banners, candles, etc., are blessed with holy water, and formally dedicated to God.

Benedictional (n.) A book of benedictions.

Benedictionary (n.) A collected series of benedictions.

Benefaction (n.) The act of conferring a benefit.

Benefaction (n.) A benefit conferred; esp. a charitable donation.

Benefactor (n.) One who confers a benefit or benefits.

Benefactress (n.) A woman who confers a benefit.

Benefice (n.) A favor or benefit.

Benefice (n.) An estate in lands; a fief.

Benefice (n.) An ecclesiastical living and church preferment, as in the Church of England; a church endowed with a revenue for the maintenance of divine service. See Advowson.

Beneficence (n.) The practice of doing good; active goodness, kindness, or charity; bounty springing from purity and goodness.

Beneficialness (n.) The quality of being beneficial; profitableness.

Beneficiary (n.) A feudatory or vassal; hence, one who holds a benefice and uses its proceeds.

Beneficiary (n.) One who receives anything as a gift; one who receives a benefit or advantage; esp. one who receives help or income from an educational fund or a trust estate.

Benefit (n.) An act of kindness; a favor conferred.

Benefit (n.) Whatever promotes prosperity and personal happiness, or adds value to property; advantage; profit.

Benefit (n.) A theatrical performance, a concert, or the like, the proceeds of which do not go to the lessee of the theater or to the company, but to some individual actor, or to some charitable use.

Benefit (n.) Beneficence; liberality.

Benefit (n.) Natural advantages; endowments; accomplishments.

Benefiter (n.) One who confers a benefit; -- also, one who receives a benefit.

Benevolence (n.) The disposition to do good; good will; charitableness; love of mankind, accompanied with a desire to promote their happiness.

Benevolence (n.) An act of kindness; good done; charity given.

Benevolence (n.) A species of compulsory contribution or tax, which has sometimes been illegally exacted by arbitrary kings of England, and falsely represented as a gratuity.

Bengal (n.) A province in India, giving its name to various stuffs, animals, etc.

Bengal (n.) A thin stuff, made of silk and hair, originally brought from Bengal.

Bengal (n.) Striped gingham, originally brought from Bengal; Bengal stripes.

Bengalee (n.) Alt. of Bengali

Bengali (n.) The language spoken in Bengal.

Bengola (n.) A Bengal light.

Benightment (n.) The condition of being benighted.

Benignancy (n.) Benignant quality; kind

Benignity (n.) The quality of being benign; goodness; kindness; graciousness.

Benignity (n.) Mildness; gentleness.

Benignity (n.) Salubrity; wholesome quality.

Benison (n.) Blessing; beatitude; benediction.

Benitier (n.) A holy-water stoup.

Benjamin (n.) See Benzoin.

Benjamin (n.) A kind of upper coat for men.

Benjamite (n.) A descendant of Benjamin; one of the tribe of Benjamin.

Benne (n.) The name of two plants (Sesamum orientale and S. indicum), originally Asiatic; -- also called oil plant. From their seeds an oil is expressed, called benne oil, used mostly for making soap. In the southern United States the seeds are used in candy.

Benshee (n.) See Banshee.

Bent (n.) A reedlike grass; a stalk of stiff, coarse grass.

Bent (n.) A grass of the genus Agrostis, esp. Agrostis vulgaris, or redtop. The name is also used of many other grasses, esp. in America.

Bent (n.) Any neglected field or broken ground; a common; a moor.

Benthamism (n.) That phase of the doctrine of utilitarianism taught by Jeremy Bentham; the doctrine that the morality of actions is estimated and determined by their utility; also, the theory that the sensibility to pleasure and the recoil from pain are the only motives which influence human desires and actions, and that these are the sufficient explanation of ethical and jural conceptions.

Benthamite (n.) One who believes in Benthamism.

Benumbment (n.) Act of benumbing, or state of being benumbed; torpor.

Benzal (n.) A compound radical, C6H5.CH, of the aromatic series, related to benzyl and benzoyl; -- used adjectively or in combination.

Benzamide (n.) A transparent crystal

Benzene (n.) A volatile, very inflammable liquid, C6H6, contained in the naphtha produced by the destructive distillation of coal, from which it is separated by fractional distillation. The name is sometimes applied also to the impure commercial product or benzole, and also, but rarely, to a similar mixed product of petroleum.

Benzile (n.) A yellowish crystal

Benzine (n.) A liquid consisting mainly of the lighter and more volatile hydrocarbons of petroleum or kerosene oil, used as a solvent and for cleansing soiled fabrics; -- called also petroleum spirit, petroleum benzine. Varieties or similar products are gaso

Benzine (n.) Same as Benzene.

Benzoate (n.) A salt formed by the union of benzoic acid with any salifiable base.

Benzoin (n.) A resinous substance, dry and brittle, obtained from the Styrax benzoin, a tree of Sumatra, Java, etc., having a fragrant odor, and slightly aromatic taste. It is used in the preparation of benzoic acid, in medicine, and as a perfume.

Benzoin (n.) A white crystal

Benzoin (n.) The spicebush (Lindera benzoin).

Benzole (n.) Alt. of Benzol

Benzol (n.) An impure benzene, used in the arts as a solvent, and for various other purposes. See Benzene.



Benzoyl (n.) A compound radical, C6H5.CO; the base of benzoic acid, of the oil of bitter almonds, and of an extensive series of compounds.

Benzyl (n.) A compound radical, C6H5.CH2, related to toluene and benzoic acid; -- commonly used adjectively.

Bequeathal (n.) The act of bequeathing; bequeathment; bequest.

Bequeathment (n.) The act of bequeathing, or the state of being bequeathed; a bequest.

Bequest (n.) The act of bequeathing or leaving by will; as, a bequest of property by A. to B.

Bequest (n.) That which is left by will, esp. personal property; a legacy; also, a gift.

Berbe (n.) An African genet (Genetta pardina). See Genet.

Berber (n.) A member of a race somewhat resembling the Arabs, but often classed as Hamitic, who were formerly the inhabitants of the whole of North Africa from the Mediterranean southward into the Sahara, and who still occupy a large part of that region; -- called also Kabyles. Also, the language spoken by this people.

Berberine (n.) An alkaloid obtained, as a bitter, yellow substance, from the root of the barberry, gold thread, and other plants.

Berberry (n.) See Barberry.

Berdash (n.) A kind of neckcloth.

Bere (n.) See Bear, barley.

Bereavement (n.) The state of being bereaved; deprivation; esp., the loss of a relative by death.

Bereaver (n.) One who bereaves.

Beretta (n.) Same as Berretta.

Berg (n.) A large mass or hill, as of ice.

Bergamot (n.) A tree of the Orange family (Citrus bergamia), having a roundish or pear-shaped fruit, from the rind of which an essential oil of delicious odor is extracted, much prized as a perfume. Also, the fruit.

Bergamot (n.) A variety of mint (Mentha aquatica, var. glabrata).

Bergamot (n.) The essence or perfume made from the fruit.

Bergamot (n.) A variety of pear.

Bergamot (n.) A variety of snuff perfumed with bergamot.

Bergamot (n.) A coarse tapestry, manufactured from flock of cotton or hemp, mixed with ox's or goat's hair; -- said to have been invented at Bergamo, Italy. Encyc. Brit.

Bergander (n.) A European duck (Anas tadorna). See Sheldrake.

Bergeret (n.) A pastoral song.

Bergh (n.) A hill.

Bergmaster (n.) See Barmaster.

Bergmeal (n.) An earthy substance, resembling fine flour. It is composed of the shells of infusoria, and in Lapland and Sweden is sometimes eaten, mixed with flour or ground birch bark, in times of scarcity. This name is also given to a white powdery variety of calcite.

Bergmote (n.) See Barmote.

Bergomask (n.) A rustic dance, so called in ridicule of the people of Bergamo, in Italy, once noted for their clownishness.

Bergylt (n.) The Norway haddock. See Rosefish.

Beriberi (n.) An acute disease occurring in India, characterized by multiple inflammatory changes in the nerves, producing great muscular debility, a painful rigidity of the limbs, and cachexy.

Berlin (n.) A four-wheeled carriage, having a sheltered seat behind the body and separate from it, invented in the 17th century, at Berlin.

Berlin (n.) Fine worsted for fancy-work; zephyr worsted; -- called also Berlin wool.

Berm (n.) Alt. of Berme

Berme (n.) A narrow shelf or path between the bottom of a parapet and the ditch.

Berme (n.) A ledge at the bottom of a bank or cutting, to catch earth that may roll down the slope, or to strengthen the bank.

Bernacle (n.) See Barnacle.

Bernardine (n.) A Cistercian monk.

Bernicle (n.) A bernicle goose.

Bernouse (n.) Same as Burnoose.

Beroe (n.) A small, oval, transparent jellyfish, belonging to the Ctenophora.

Berretta (n.) A square cap worn by ecclesiastics of the Roman Catholic Church. A cardinal's berretta is scarlet; that worn by other clerics is black, except that a bishop's is

Berry (n.) Any small fleshy fruit, as the strawberry, mulberry, huckleberry, etc.

Berry (n.) A small fruit that is pulpy or succulent throughout, having seeds loosely imbedded in the pulp, as the currant, grape, blueberry.

Berry (n.) The coffee bean.

Berry (n.) One of the ova or eggs of a fish.

Berry (n.) A mound; a hillock.

Berrying (n.) A seeking for or gathering of berries, esp. of such as grow wild.

Berserk (n.) Alt. of Berserker

Berserker (n.) One of a class of legendary heroes, who fought frenzied by intoxicating liquors, and naked, regardless of wounds.

Berserker (n.) One who fights as if frenzied, like a Berserker.

Berstle (n.) See Bristle.

Berth (n.) Convenient sea room.

Berth (n.) A room in which a number of the officers or ship's company mess and reside.

Berth (n.) The place where a ship lies when she is at anchor, or at a wharf.

Berth (n.) An allotted place; an appointment; situation or employment.

Berth (n.) A place in a ship to sleep in; a long box or shelf on the side of a cabin or stateroom, or of a railway car, for sleeping in.

Bertha (n.) A kind of collar or cape worn by ladies.

Berthage (n.) A place for mooring vessels in a dock or harbor.

Berthierite (n.) A double sulphide of antimony and iron, of a dark steel-gray color.

Berthing (n.) The planking outside of a vessel, above the sheer strake.

Bertram (n.) Pellitory of Spain (Anacyclus pyrethrum).

Beryl (n.) A mineral of great hardness, and, when transparent, of much beauty. It occurs in hexagonal prisms, commonly of a green or bluish green color, but also yellow, pink, and white. It is a silicate of aluminium and glucinum (beryllium). The aquamarine is a transparent, sea-green variety used as a gem. The emerald is another variety highly prized in jewelry, and distinguished by its deep color, which is probably due to the presence of a little oxide of chromium.

Beryllium (n.) A metallic element found in the beryl. See Glucinum.

Berylloid (n.) A solid consisting of a double twelve-sided pyramid; -- so called because the planes of this form occur on crystals of beryl.

Besaiel (n.) Alt. of Besayle

Besaile (n.) Alt. of Besayle

Besayle (n.) A great-grandfather.

Besayle (n.) A kind of writ which formerly lay where a great-grandfather died seized of lands in fee simple, and on the day of his death a stranger abated or entered and kept the heir out. This is now abolished.

Besant (n.) See Bezant.

Bes-antler (n.) Same as Bez-antler.

Beseech (n.) Solicitation; supplication.

Beseecher (n.) One who beseeches.

Beseechment (n.) The act of beseeching or entreating earnestly.

Beseeming (n.) Appearance; look; garb.

Beseeming (n.) Come

Besetment (n.) The act of besetting, or the state of being beset; also, that which besets one, as a sin.

Besetter (n.) One who, or that which, besets.

Beshow (n.) A large food fish (Anoplopoma fimbria) of the north Pacific coast; -- called also candlefish.

Beside (n.) At the side of; on one side of.

Beside (n.) Aside from; out of the regular course or order of; in a state of deviation from; out of.

Beside (n.) Over and above; distinct from; in addition to.

Besiegement (n.) The act of besieging, or the state of being besieged.

Besieger (n.) One who besieges; -- opposed to the besieged.

Besmearer (n.) One that besmears.

Besogne (n.) A worthless fellow; a bezonian.

Besom (n.) A brush of twigs for sweeping; a broom; anything which sweeps away or destroys.

Besomer (n.) One who uses a besom.

Besort (n.) Befitting associates or attendants.

Bespeak (n.) A bespeaking. Among actors, a benefit (when a particular play is bespoken.)

Bespeaker (n.) One who bespeaks.

Besprinkler (n.) One who, or that which, besprinkles.

Besprinkling (n.) The act of sprinkling anything; a sprinkling over.

Best (n.) Utmost; highest endeavor or state; most nearly perfect thing, or being, or action; as, to do one's best; to the best of our ability.

Bestial (n.) A domestic animal; also collectively, cattle; as, other kinds of bestial.

Bestiality (n.) The state or quality of being bestial.

Bestiality (n.) Unnatural connection with a beast.

Bestowal (n.) The act of bestowing; disposal.

Bestower (n.) One that bestows.

Bestowment (n.) The act of giving or bestowing; a conferring or bestowal.

Bestowment (n.) That which is given or bestowed.

Bet (n.) That which is laid, staked, or pledged, as between two parties, upon the event of a contest or any contingent issue; the act of giving such a pledge; a wager.

Betaine (n.) A nitrogenous base, C5H11NO2, produced artificially, and also occurring naturally in beet-root molasses and its residues, from which it is extracted as a white crystal

Beteela (n.) An East India muslin, formerly used for cravats, veils, etc.

Betel (n.) A species of pepper (Piper betle), the leaves of which are chewed, with the areca or betel nut and a little shell lime, by the inhabitants of the East Indies. It is a woody climber with ovate many-nerved leaves.

Betelguese (n.) A bright star of the first magnitude, near one shoulder of Orion.

Bethel (n.) A place of worship; a hallowed spot.

Bethel (n.) A chapel for dissenters.

Bethel (n.) A house of worship for seamen.

Bethlehem (n.) A hospital for lunatics; -- corrupted into bedlam.

Bethlehem (n.) In the Ethiopic church, a small building attached to a church edifice, in which the bread for the eucharist is made.

Bethlehemite (n.) Alt. of Bethlemite

Bethlemite (n.) An inhabitant of Bethlehem in Judea.

Bethlemite (n.) An insane person; a madman; a bedlamite.

Bethlemite (n.) One of an extinct English order of monks.

Beton (n.) The French name for concrete; hence, concrete made after the French fashion.

Betony (n.) A plant of the genus Betonica (Linn.).

Betrayal (n.) The act or the result of betraying.

Betrayer (n.) One who, or that which, betrays.

Betrayment (n.) Betrayal.

Betrothal (n.) The act of betrothing, or the fact of being betrothed; a mutual promise, engagement, or contract for a future marriage between the persons betrothed; betrothment; affiance.

Betrothment (n.) The act of betrothing, or the state of being betrothed; betrothal.

Betrustment (n.) The act of intrusting, or the thing intrusted.

Betso (n.) A small brass Venetian coin.

Better (n.) Advantage, superiority, or victory; -- usually with of; as, to get the better of an enemy.

Better (n.) One who has a claim to precedence; a superior, as in merit, social standing, etc.; -- usually in the plural.

Better (n.) One who bets or lays a wager.

Betterment (n.) A making better; amendment; improvement.

Betterment (n.) An improvement of an estate which renders it better than mere repairing would do; -- generally used in the plural.

Betterness (n.) The quality of being better or superior; superiority.

Betterness (n.) The difference by which fine gold or silver exceeds in fineness the standard.

Bettong (n.) A small, leaping Australian marsupial of the genus Bettongia; the jerboa kangaroo.

Bettor (n.) One who bets; a better.

Betty (n.) A short bar used by thieves to wrench doors open.

Betty (n.) A name of contempt given to a man who interferes with the duties of women in a household, or who occupies himself with womanish matters.

Betty (n.) A pear-shaped bottle covered round with straw, in which olive oil is sometimes brought from Italy; -- called by chemists a Florence flask.

Betulin (n.) A substance of a resinous nature, obtained from the outer bark of the common European birch (Betula alba), or from the tar prepared therefrom; -- called also birch camphor.

Between (n.) Intermediate time or space; interval.

Beurre (n.) A beurre (or buttery) pear, one with the meat soft and melting; -- used with a distinguishing word; as, Beurre d'Anjou; Beurre Clairgeau.

Bevel (n.) Any angle other than a right angle; the angle which one surface makes with another when they are not at right angles; the slant or inclination of such surface; as, to give a bevel to the edge of a table or a stone slab; the bevel of a piece of timber.

Bevel (n.) An instrument consisting of two rules or arms, jointed together at one end, and opening to any angle, for adjusting the surfaces of work to the same or a given inclination; -- called also a bevel square.

Bevelment (n.) The replacement of an edge by two similar planes, equally inc

Bever (n.) A light repast between meals; a lunch.

Bevile (n.) A chief broken or opening like a carpenter's bevel.

Bevy (n.) A company; an assembly or collection of persons, especially of ladies.

Bevy (n.) A flock of birds, especially quails or larks; also, a herd of roes.

Bewailer (n.) One who bewails or laments.

Bewailment (n.) The act of bewailing.

Bewilderedness (n.) The state of being bewildered; bewilderment.

Bewilderment (n.) The state of being bewildered.

Bewilderment (n.) A bewildering tangle or confusion.

Bewit (n.) A double slip of leather by which bells are fastened to a hawk's legs.

Bewitchedness (n.) The state of being bewitched.

Bewitcher (n.) One who bewitches.

Bewitchery (n.) The power of bewitching or fascinating; bewitchment; charm; fascination.

Bewitchment (n.) The act of bewitching, or the state of being bewitched.

Bewitchment (n.) The power of bewitching or charming.

Bewrayer (n.) One who, or that which, bewrays; a revealer.

Bewrayment (n.) Betrayal.

Bey (n.) A governor of a province or district in the Turkish dominions; also, in some places, a prince or nobleman; a beg; as, the bey of Tunis.

Beylic (n.) The territory ruled by a bey.

Bezant (n.) A gold coin of Byzantium or Constantinople, varying in weight and value, usually (those current in England) between a sovereign and a half sovereign. There were also white or silver bezants.

Bezant (n.) A circle in or, i. e., gold, representing the gold coin called bezant.

Bezant (n.) A decoration of a flat surface, as of a band or belt, representing circular disks lapping one upon another.

Bez-antler (n.) The second branch of a stag's horn.

Bezel (n.) The rim which encompasses and fastens a jewel or other object, as the crystal of a watch, in the cavity in which it is set.

Bezique (n.) A game at cards in which various combinations of cards in the hand, when declared, score points.

Bezoar (n.) A calculous concretion found in the intestines of certain ruminant animals (as the wild goat, the gazelle, and the Peruvian llama) formerly regarded as an unfailing antidote for poison, and a certain remedy for eruptive, pestilential, or putrid diseases. Hence: Any antidote or panacea.

Bezoardic (n.) A medicine containing bezoar.

Bezonian (n.) A low fellow or scoundrel; a beggar.

Bhang (n.) An astringent and narcotic drug made from the dried leaves and seed capsules of wild hemp (Cannabis Indica), and chewed or smoked in the East as a means of intoxication. See Hasheesh.

Bhunder (n.) An Indian monkey (Macacus Rhesus), protected by the Hindoos as sacred. See Rhesus.

Bias (n.) A weight on the side of the ball used in the game of bowls, or a tendency imparted to the ball, which turns it from a straight

Bias (n.) A leaning of the mind; propensity or prepossession toward an object or view, not leaving the mind indifferent; bent; inclination.

Bias (n.) A wedge-shaped piece of cloth taken out of a garment (as the waist of a dress) to diminish its circumference.

Bias (n.) A slant; a diagonal; as, to cut cloth on the bias.

Bib (n.) A small piece of cloth worn by children over the breast, to protect the clothes.

Bib (n.) An arctic fish (Gadus luscus), allied to the cod; -- called also pout and whiting pout.

Bib (n.) A bibcock.

Bibacity (n.) The practice or habit of drinking too much; tippling.

Bibb (n.) A bibcock. See Bib, n., 3.

Bibber (n.) One given to drinking alcoholic beverages too freely; a tippler; -- chiefly used in composition; as, winebibber.

Bibble-babble (n.) Idle talk; babble.

Bibcock (n.) A cock or faucet having a bent down nozzle.

Bibirine (n.) See Bebeerine.

Bible (n.) A book.

Bible (n.) The Book by way of eminence, -- that is, the book which is made up of the writings accepted by Christians as of divine origin and authority, whether such writings be in the original language, or translated; the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments; -- sometimes in a restricted sense, the Old Testament; as, King James's Bible; Douay Bible; Luther's Bible. Also, the book which is made up of writings similarly accepted by the Jews; as, a rabbinical Bible.

Bible (n.) A book containing the sacred writings belonging to any religion; as, the Koran is often called the Mohammedan Bible.

Bible (n.) A book with an authoritative exposition of some topic, respected by many who are experts in the field.

Biblicality (n.) The quality of being biblical; a biblical subject.

Biblicism (n.) Learning or literature relating to the Bible.

Biblicist (n.) One skilled in the knowledge of the Bible; a demonstrator of religious truth by the Scriptures.

Bibliograph (n.) Bibliographer.

Bibliographer (n.) One who writes, or is versed in, bibliography.

Bibliography (n.) A history or description of books and manuscripts, with notices of the different editions, the times when they were printed, etc.

Bibliolater (n.) Alt. of Bibliolatrist

Bibliolatrist (n.) A worshiper of books; especially, a worshiper of the Bible; a believer in its verbal inspiration.

Bibliolatry (n.) Book worship, esp. of the Bible; -- applied by Roman Catholic divines to the exaltation of the authority of the Bible over that of the pope or the church, and by Protestants to an excessive regard to the letter of the Scriptures.

Bibliology (n.) An account of books; book lore; bibliography.

Bibliology (n.) The literature or doctrine of the Bible.

Bibliomancy (n.) A kind of divination, performed by selecting passages of Scripture at hazard, and drawing from them indications concerning future events.

Bibliomania (n.) A mania for acquiring books.

Bibliomaniac (n.) One who has a mania for books.

Bibliopegist (n.) A bookbinder.

Bibliopegy (n.) The art of binding books.

Bibliophile (n.) A lover of books.

Bibliophilism (n.) Love of books.

Bibliophilist (n.) A lover of books.

Bibliophobia (n.) A dread of books.

Bibliopole (n.) One who sells books.

Bibliopolism (n.) The trade or business of selling books.

Bibliopolist (n.) Same as Bibliopole.

Bibliotaph (n.) Alt. of Bibliotaphist

Bibliotaphist (n.) One who hides away books, as in a tomb.

Bibliothec (n.) A librarian.

Bibliotheca (n.) A library.

Bibliothecary (n.) A librarian.

Bibliotheke (n.) A library.

Biblist (n.) One who makes the Bible the sole rule of faith.

Biblist (n.) A biblical scholar; a biblicist.

Bicarbonate (n.) A carbonate in which but half the hydrogen of the acid is replaced by a positive element or radical, thus making the proportion of the acid to the positive or basic portion twice what it is in the normal carbonates; an acid carbonate; -- sometimes called supercarbonate.

Bice (n.) Alt. of Bise

Bise (n.) A pale blue pigment, prepared from the native blue carbonate of copper, or from smalt; -- called also blue bice.

Bicentenary (n.) The two hundredth anniversary, or its celebration.

Bicentennial (n.) The two hundredth year or anniversary, or its celebration.

Biceps (n.) A muscle having two heads or origins; -- applied particularly to a flexor in the arm, and to another in the thigh.

Bichir (n.) A remarkable ganoid fish (Polypterus bichir) found in the Nile and other African rivers. See Brachioganoidei.

Bichloride (n.) A compound consisting of two atoms of chlorine with one or more atoms of another element; -- called also dichloride.

Bicho (n.) See Jigger.

Bichromate (n.) A salt containing two parts of chromic acid to one of the other ingredients; as, potassium bichromate; -- called also dichromate.

Bicker (n.) A small wooden vessel made of staves and hoops, like a tub.

Bicker (n.) A skirmish; an encounter.

Bicker (n.) A fight with stones between two parties of boys.

Bicker (n.) A wrangle; also, a noise,, as in angry contention.

Bickerer (n.) One who bickers.

Bickering (n.) A skirmishing.

Bickering (n.) Altercation; wrangling.

Bickerment (n.) Contention.

Bickern (n.) An anvil ending in a beak or point (orig. in two beaks); also, the beak or horn itself.

Bicuspid (n.) One of the two double-pointed teeth which intervene between the canines (cuspids) and the molars, on each side of each jaw. See Tooth, n.

Bicyanide (n.) See Dicyanide.

Bicycle (n.) A light vehicle having two wheels one behind the other. It has a saddle seat and is propelled by the rider's feet acting on cranks or levers.

Bicycler (n.) One who rides a bicycle.

Bicycling (n.) The use of a bicycle; the act or practice of riding a bicycle.

Bicyclism (n.) The art of riding a bicycle.

Bicyclist (n.) A bicycler.

Bid (n.) An offer of a price, especially at auctions; a statement of a sum which one will give for something to be received, or will take for something to be done or furnished; that which is offered.

Bidale (n.) An invitation of friends to drink ale at some poor man's house, and there to contribute in charity for his relief.

Bidder (n.) One who bids or offers a price.

Bidding (n.) Command; order; a proclamation or notifying.

Bidding (n.) The act or process of making bids; an offer; a proposal of a price, as at an auction.

Biddy (n.) A name used in calling a hen or chicken.

Biddy (n.) An Irish serving woman or girl.

Bident (n.) An instrument or weapon with two prongs.

Bidet (n.) A small horse formerly allowed to each trooper or dragoon for carrying his baggage.

Bidet (n.) A kind of bath tub for sitting baths; a sitz bath.

Biding (n.) Residence; habitation.

Bield (n.) A shelter. Same as Beild.

Biennial (n.) Something which takes place or appears once in two years; esp. a biennial examination.

Biennial (n.) A plant which exists or lasts for two years.

Bier (n.) A handbarrow or portable frame on which a corpse is placed or borne to the grave.

Bier (n.) A count of forty threads in the warp or chain of woolen cloth.

Bierbalk (n.) A church road (e. g., a path across fields) for funerals.

Biffin (n.) A sort of apple peculiar to Norfolk, Eng.

Biffin (n.) A baked apple pressed down into a flat, round cake; a dried apple.

Biforine (n.) An oval sac or cell, found in the leaves of certain plants of the order Araceae. It has an opening at each end through which raphides, generated inside, are discharged.

Biformity (n.) A double form.

Bifurcation (n.) A forking, or division into two branches.

Big (n.) Alt. of Bigg

Bigg (n.) Barley, especially the hardy four-rowed kind.

Biga (n.) A two-horse chariot.

Bigam (n.) A bigamist.

Bigamist (n.) One who is guilty of bigamy.

Bigamy (n.) The offense of marrying one person when already legally married to another.

Bigarreau (n.) Alt. of Bigaroon

Bigaroon (n.) The large white-heart cherry.

Bigeye (n.) A fish of the genus Priacanthus, remarkable for the large size of the eye.

Biggin (n.) A child's cap; a hood, or something worn on the head.

Biggin (n.) A coffeepot with a strainer or perforated metallic vessel for holding the ground coffee, through which boiling water is poured; -- so called from Mr. Biggin, the inventor.

Biggon (n.) Alt. of Biggonnet

Biggonnet (n.) A cap or hood with pieces covering the ears.

Bigha (n.) A measure of land in India, varying from a third of an acre to an acre.

Bighorn (n.) The Rocky Mountain sheep (Ovis / Caprovis montana).

Bigness (n.) The state or quality of being big; largeness; size; bulk.

Bignonia (n.) A large genus of American, mostly tropical, climbing shrubs, having compound leaves and showy somewhat tubular flowers. B. capreolata is the cross vine of the Southern United States. The trumpet creeper was formerly considered to be of this genus.

Bigot (n.) A hypocrite; esp., a superstitious hypocrite.

Bigot (n.) A person who regards his own faith and views in matters of religion as unquestionably right, and any belief or opinion opposed to or differing from them as unreasonable or wicked. In an extended sense, a person who is intolerant of opinions which conflict with his own, as in politics or morals; one obstinately and blindly devoted to his own church, party, belief, or opinion.

Bigotry (n.) The state of mind of a bigot; obstinate and unreasoning attachment of one's own belief and opinions, with narrow-minded intolerance of beliefs opposed to them.

Bigotry (n.) The practice or tenets of a bigot.

Bihydroguret (n.) A compound of two atoms of hydrogen with some other substance.

Bijou (n.) A trinket; a jewel; -- a word applied to anything small and of elegant workmanship.

Bijoutry (n.) Small articles of virtu, as jewelry, trinkets, etc.

Bike (n.) A nest of wild bees, wasps, or ants; a swarm.

Bikh (n.) The East Indian name of a virulent poison extracted from Aconitum ferox or other species of aconite: also, the plant itself.

Bilalo (n.) A two-masted passenger boat or small vessel, used in the bay of Manila.

Biland (n.) A byland.

Bilander (n.) A small two-masted merchant vessel, fitted only for coasting, or for use in canals, as in Holland.

Bilaterality (n.) State of being bilateral.

Bilberry (n.) The European whortleberry (Vaccinium myrtillus); also, its edible bluish black fruit.

Bilberry (n.) Any similar plant or its fruit; esp., in America, the species Vaccinium myrtilloides, V. caespitosum and V. uliginosum.

Bilbo (n.) A rapier; a sword; so named from Bilbao, in Spain.

Bilbo (n.) A long bar or bolt of iron with sliding shackles, and a lock at the end, to confine the feet of prisoners or offenders, esp. on board of ships.

Bilboquet (n.) The toy called cup and ball.

Bilcock (n.) The European water rail.

Bildstein (n.) Same as Agalmatolite.

Bile (n.) A yellow, or greenish, viscid fluid, usually alka

Bile (n.) Bitterness of feeling; choler; anger; ill humor; as, to stir one's bile.

Bile (n.) A boil.

Bilection (n.) That portion of a group of moldings which projects beyond the general surface of a panel; a bolection.

Bilestone (n.) A gallstone, or biliary calculus. See Biliary.

Bilge (n.) The protuberant part of a cask, which is usually in the middle.

Bilge (n.) That part of a ship's hull or bottom which is broadest and most nearly flat, and on which she would rest if aground.

Bilge (n.) Bilge water.

Biliation (n.) The production and excretion of bile.

Bilifuscin (n.) A brownish green pigment found in human gallstones and in old bile. It is a derivative of bilirubin.

Bilimbi (n.) Alt. of Bilimbing

Bilimbing (n.) The berries of two East Indian species of Averrhoa, of the Oxalideae or Sorrel family. They are very acid, and highly esteemed when preserved or pickled. The juice is used as a remedy for skin diseases.

Biliment (n.) A woman's ornament; habiliment.

Bilin (n.) A name applied to the amorphous or crystal

Bilingualism (n.) Quality of being bilingual.

Bilinguist (n.) One versed in two languages.

Biliousness (n.) The state of being bilious.

Biliprasin (n.) A dark green pigment found in small quantity in human gallstones.

Bilirubin (n.) A reddish yellow pigment present in human bile, and in that from carnivorous and herbivorous animals; the normal biliary pigment.

Biliteral (n.) A word, syllable, or root, consisting of two letters.

Biliteralism (n.) The property or state of being biliteral.

Biliverdin (n.) A green pigment present in the bile, formed from bilirubin by oxidation.

Bilk (n.) A thwarting an adversary in cribbage by spoiling his score; a balk.

Bilk (n.) A cheat; a trick; a hoax.

Bilk (n.) Nonsense; vain words.

Bilk (n.) A person who tricks a creditor; an untrustworthy, tricky person.

Bill (n.) A beak, as of a bird, or sometimes of a turtle or other animal.

Bill (n.) The bell, or boom, of the bittern

Bill (n.) A cutting instrument, with hook-shaped point, and fitted with a handle; -- used in pruning, etc.; a billhook. When short, called a hand bill, when long, a hedge bill.

Bill (n.) A weapon of infantry, in the 14th and 15th centuries. A common form of bill consisted of a broad, heavy, double-edged, hook-shaped blade, having a short pike at the back and another at the top, and attached to the end of a long staff.

Bill (n.) One who wields a bill; a billman.

Bill (n.) A pickax, or mattock.

Bill (n.) The extremity of the arm of an anchor; the point of or beyond the fluke.

Bill (n.) A declaration made in writing, stating some wrong the complainant has suffered from the defendant, or a fault committed by some person against a law.

Bill (n.) A writing binding the signer or signers to pay a certain sum at a future day or on demand, with or without interest, as may be stated in the document.

Bill (n.) A form or draft of a law, presented to a legislature for enactment; a proposed or projected law.

Bill (n.) A paper, written or printed, and posted up or given away, to advertise something, as a lecture, a play, or the sale of goods; a placard; a poster; a handbill.

Bill (n.) An account of goods sold, services rendered, or work done, with the price or charge; a statement of a creditor's claim, in gross or by items; as, a grocer's bill.

Bill (n.) Any paper, containing a statement of particulars; as, a bill of charges or expenditures; a weekly bill of mortality; a bill of fare, etc.

Billard (n.) An English fish, allied to the cod; the coalfish.

Billbeetle (n.) Alt. of Billbug

Billbug (n.) A weevil or curculio of various species, as the corn weevil. See Curculio.

Billboard (n.) A piece of thick plank, armed with iron plates, and fixed on the bow or fore channels of a vessel, for the bill or fluke of the anchor to rest on.

Billboard (n.) A flat surface, as of a panel or of a fence, on which bills are posted; a bulletin board.

Billet (n.) A small paper; a note; a short letter.

Billet (n.) A ticket from a public officer directing soldiers at what house to lodge; as, a billet of residence.

Billet (n.) A small stick of wood, as for firewood.

Billet (n.) A short bar of metal, as of gold or iron.

Billet (n.) An ornament in Norman work, resembling a billet of wood either square or round.

Billet (n.) A strap which enters a buckle.

Billet (n.) A loop which receives the end of a buckled strap.

Billet (n.) A bearing in the form of an oblong rectangle.

Billet-doux (n.) A love letter or note.

Billethead (n.) A round piece of timber at the bow or stern of a whaleboat, around which the harpoon lone is run out when the whale darts off.

Billfish (n.) A name applied to several distinct fishes

Billfish (n.) The garfish (Tylosurus, / Belone, longirostris) and allied species.

Billfish (n.) The saury, a slender fish of the Atlantic coast (Scomberesox saurus).

Billfish (n.) The Tetrapturus albidus, a large oceanic species related to the swordfish; the spearfish.

Billfish (n.) The American fresh-water garpike (Lepidosteus osseus).

Billhead (n.) A printed form, used by merchants in making out bills or rendering accounts.

Billhook (n.) A thick, heavy knife with a hooked point, used in pruning hedges, etc. When it has a short handle, it is sometimes called a hand bill; when the handle is long, a hedge bill or scimiter.

Billiards (n.) A game played with ivory balls o a cloth-covered, rectangular table, bounded by elastic cushions. The player seeks to impel his ball with his cue so that it shall either strike (carom upon) two other balls, or drive another ball into one of the pockets with which the table sometimes is furnished.

Billingsgate (n.) A market near the Billings gate in London, celebrated for fish and foul language.

Billingsgate (n.) Coarsely abusive, foul, or profane language; vituperation; ribaldry.

Billion (n.) According to the French and American method of numeration, a thousand millions, or 1,000,000,000; according to the English method, a million millions, or 1,000,000,000,000. See Numeration.

Billman (n.) One who uses, or is armed with, a bill or hooked ax.

Billon (n.) An alloy of gold and silver with a large proportion of copper or other base metal, used in coinage.

Billot (n.) Bullion in the bar or mass.

Billow (n.) A great wave or surge of the sea or other water, caused usually by violent wind.

Billow (n.) A great wave or flood of anything.

Billposter (n.) Alt. of Billsticker

Billsticker (n.) One whose occupation is to post handbills or posters in public places.

Billy (n.) A club; esp., a policeman's club.

Billy (n.) A slubbing or roving machine.

Billyboy (n.) A flat-bottomed river barge or coasting vessel.

Bilocation (n.) Double location; the state or power of being in two places at the same instant; -- a miraculous power attributed to some of the saints.

Bilsted (n.) See Sweet gum.

Biltong (n.) Lean meat cut into strips and sun-dried.

Bimastism (n.) The condition of having two mammae or teats.

Bimetallism (n.) The legalized use of two metals (as gold and silver) in the currency of a country, at a fixed relative value; -- in opposition to monometallism.

Bimetallist (n.) An advocate of bimetallism.

Bimonthly (n.) A bimonthly publication.

Bin (n.) A box, frame, crib, or inclosed place, used as a receptacle for any commodity; as, a corn bin; a wine bin; a coal bin.

Binarseniate (n.) A salt having two equivalents of arsenic acid to one of the base.

Binary (n.) That which is constituted of two figures, things, or parts; two; duality.

Bind (n.) That which binds or ties.

Bind (n.) Any twining or climbing plant or stem, esp. a hop vine; a bine.

Bind (n.) Indurated clay, when much mixed with the oxide of iron.

Bind (n.) A ligature or tie for grouping notes.

Binder (n.) One who binds; as, a binder of sheaves; one whose trade is to bind; as, a binder of books.

Binder (n.) Anything that binds, as a fillet, cord, rope, or band; a bandage; -- esp. the principal piece of timber intended to bind together any building.

Bindery (n.) A place where books, or other articles, are bound; a bookbinder's establishment.

Bindheimite (n.) An amorphous antimonate of lead, produced from the alteration of other ores, as from jamesonite.

Binding (n.) The act or process of one who, or that which, binds.

Binding (n.) Anything that binds; a bandage; the cover of a book, or the cover with the sewing, etc.; something that secures the edge of cloth from raveling.

Bindingness (n.) The condition or property of being binding; obligatory quality.

Bindweed (n.) A plant of the genus Convolvulus; as, greater bindweed (C. Sepium); lesser bindweed (C. arvensis); the white, the blue, the Syrian, bindweed. The black bryony, or Tamus, is called black bindweed, and the Smilax aspera, rough bindweed.

Bine (n.) The winding or twining stem of a hop vine or other climbing plant.

Bing (n.) A heap or pile; as, a bing of wood.

Biniodide (n.) Same as Diiodide.

Bink (n.) A bench.

Binnacle (n.) A case or box placed near the helmsman, containing the compass of a ship, and a light to show it at night.

Binny (n.) A large species of barbel (Barbus bynni), found in the Nile, and much esteemed for food.

Binocle (n.) A dioptric telescope, fitted with two tubes joining, so as to enable a person to view an object with both eyes at once; a double-barreled field glass or an opera glass.

Binocular (n.) A binocular glass, whether opera glass, telescope, or microscope.

Binomial (n.) An expression consisting of two terms connected by the sign plus (+) or minus (-); as, a + b, or 7 - 3.

Binoxalate (n.) A salt having two equivalents of oxalic acid to one of the base; an acid oxalate.

Binoxide (n.) Same as Dioxide.

Binturong (n.) A small Asiatic civet of the genus Arctilis.

Bioblast (n.) Same as Bioplast.

Biochemistry (n.) The chemistry of living organisms; the chemistry of the processes incidental to, and characteristic of, life.

Biodynamics (n.) The doctrine of vital forces or energy.

Biogen (n.) Bioplasm.

Biogenesis (n.) Alt. of Biogeny

Biogeny (n.) A doctrine that the genesis or production of living organisms can take place only through the agency of living germs or parents; -- opposed to abiogenesis.

Biogeny (n.) Life development generally.

Biogenist (n.) A believer in the theory of biogenesis.

Biognosis (n.) The investigation of life.

Biographer (n.) One who writes an account or history of the life of a particular person; a writer of lives, as Plutarch.

Biography (n.) The written history of a person's life.

Biography (n.) Biographical writings in general.

Biologist (n.) A student of biology; one versed in the science of biology.

Biology (n.) The science of life; that branch of knowledge which treats of living matter as distinct from matter which is not living; the study of living tissue. It has to do with the origin, structure, development, function, and distribution of animals and plants.

Biolysis (n.) The destruction of life.

Biomagnetism (n.) Animal magnetism.

Biometry (n.) Measurement of life; calculation of the probable duration of human life.

Bionomy (n.) Physiology.

Biophor Biophore (n.) One of the smaller vital units of a cell, the bearer of vitality and heredity. See Pangen, in Supplement.

Bioplasm (n.) A name suggested by Dr. Beale for the germinal matter supposed to be essential to the functions of all living beings; the material through which every form of life manifests itself; unaltered protoplasm.

Bioplast (n.) A tiny mass of bioplasm, in itself a living unit and having formative power, as a living white blood corpuscle; bioblast.

Biorgan (n.) A physiological organ; a living organ; an organ endowed with function; -- distinguished from idorgan.

Biostatics (n.) The physical phenomena of organized bodies, in opposition to their organic or vital phenomena.

Biostatistics (n.) Vital statistics.

Biotaxy (n.) The classification of living organisms according to their structural character; taxonomy.

Biotite (n.) Mica containing iron and magnesia, generally of a black or dark green color; -- a common constituent of crystal

Bipartient (n.) A number that divides another into two equal parts without a remainder.

Bipartition (n.) The act of dividing into two parts, or of making two correspondent parts, or the state of being so divided.

Biped (n.) A two-footed animal, as man.

Bipedal (n.) Having two feet; biped.

Bipedal (n.) Pertaining to a biped.

Bipennis (n.) An ax with an edge or blade on each side of the handle.

Bipinnaria (n.) The larva of certain starfishes as developed in the free-swimming stage.

Biplicity (n.) The state of being twice folded; reduplication.

Bipolarity (n.) Bipolar quality.

Biquadrate (n.) The fourth power, or the square of the square. Thus 4x4=16, the square of 4, and 16x16=256, the biquadrate of 4.

Biquadratic (n.) A biquadrate.

Biquadratic (n.) A biquadratic equation.

Biquintile (n.) An aspect of the planets when they are distant from each other by twice the fifth part of a great circle -- that is, twice 72 degrees.

Birch (n.) A tree of several species, constituting the genus Betula; as, the white or common birch (B. alba) (also called silver birch and lady birch); the dwarf birch (B. glandulosa); the paper or canoe birch (B. papyracea); the yellow birch (B. lutea); the black or cherry birch (B. lenta).

Birch (n.) The wood or timber of the birch.

Birch (n.) A birch twig or birch twigs, used for flogging.

Birch (n.) A birch-bark canoe.

Bird (n.) Orig., a chicken; the young of a fowl; a young eaglet; a nestling; and hence, a feathered flying animal (see 2).

Bird (n.) A warm-blooded, feathered vertebrate provided with wings. See Aves.

Bird (n.) Specifically, among sportsmen, a game bird.

Bird (n.) Fig.: A girl; a maiden.

Birdbolt (n.) A short blunt arrow for killing birds without piercing them.

Birdbolt (n.) Anything which smites without penetrating.

Bird cage (n.) Alt. of Birdcage

Birdcage (n.) A cage for confining birds.

Birdcall (n.) A sound made in imitation of the note or cry of a bird for the purpose of decoying the bird or its mate.

Birdcall (n.) An instrument of any kind, as a whistle, used in making the sound of a birdcall.

Birdcatcher (n.) One whose employment it is to catch birds; a fowler.

Birdcatching (n.) The art, act, or occupation or catching birds or wild fowls.

Birder (n.) A birdcatcher.

Birdie (n.) A pretty or dear little bird; -- a pet name.

Birdikin (n.) A young bird.

Birding (n.) Birdcatching or fowling.

Birdlet (n.) A little bird; a nestling.

Birdlime (n.) An extremely adhesive viscid substance, usually made of the middle bark of the holly, by boiling, fermenting, and cleansing it. When a twig is smeared with this substance it will hold small birds which may light upon it. Hence: Anything which insnares.

Birdling (n.) A little bird; a nestling.

Birdman (n.) A fowler or birdcatcher.

Bird's-beak (n.) A molding whose section is thought to resemble a beak.

Birdseed (n.) Canary seed, hemp, millet or other small seeds used for feeding caged birds.

Bird's-eye (n.) A plant with a small bright flower, as the Adonis or pheasant's eye, the mealy primrose (Primula farinosa), and species of Veronica, Geranium, etc.

Bird's-foot (n.) A papilionaceous plant, the Ornithopus, having a curved, cylindrical pod tipped with a short, clawlike point.

Bird's-mouth (n.) An interior angle or notch cut across a piece of timber, for the reception of the edge of another, as that in a rafter to be laid on a plate; -- commonly called crow's-foot in the United States.

Bird's nest (n.) Alt. of Bird's-nest

Bird's-nest (n.) The nest in which a bird lays eggs and hatches her young.

Bird's-nest (n.) The nest of a small swallow (Collocalia nidifica and several allied species), of China and the neighboring countries, which is mixed with soups.

Bird's-nest (n.) An orchideous plant with matted roots, of the genus Neottia (N. nidus-avis.)

Bird's-nesting (n.) Hunting for, or taking, birds' nests or their contents.

Bird's-tongue (n.) The knotgrass (Polygonum aviculare).

Bireme (n.) An ancient galley or vessel with two banks or tiers of oars.

Biretta (n.) Same as Berretta.

Birgander (n.) See Bergander.

Birk (n.) A birch tree.

Birk (n.) A small European minnow (Leuciscus phoxinus).

Birkie (n.) A lively or mettlesome fellow.

Birlaw (n.) A law made by husbandmen respecting rural affairs; a rustic or local law or by-law.

Birr (n.) A whirring sound, as of a spinning wheel.

Birr (n.) A rush or impetus; force.

Birrus (n.) A coarse kind of thick woolen cloth, worn by the poor in the Middle Ages; also, a woolen cap or hood worn over the shoulders or over the head.

Birse (n.) A bristle or bristles.

Birt (n.) A fish of the turbot kind; the brill.

Birth (n.) The act or fact of coming into life, or of being born; -- generally applied to human beings; as, the birth of a son.

Birth (n.)

Birth (n.) The condition to which a person is born; natural state or position; inherited disposition or tendency.

Birth (n.) The act of bringing forth; as, she had two children at a birth.

Birth (n.) That which is born; that which is produced, whether animal or vegetable.

Birth (n.) Origin; beginning; as, the birth of an empire.

Birth (n.) See Berth.

Birthday (n.) The day in which any person is born; day of origin or commencement.

Birthday (n.) The day of the month in which a person was born, in whatever succeeding year it may recur; the anniversary of one's birth.

Birthdom (n.) The land of one's birth; one's inheritance.

Birthing (n.) Anything added to raise the sides of a ship.

Birthmark (n.) Some peculiar mark or blemish on the body at birth.

Birthnight (n.) The night in which a person is born; the anniversary of that night in succeeding years.

Birthplace (n.) The town, city, or country, where a person is born; place of origin or birth, in its more general sense.

Birthright (n.) Any right, privilege, or possession to which a person is entitled by birth, such as an estate descendible by law to an heir, or civil liberty under a free constitution; esp. the rights or inheritance of the first born.

Birthroot (n.) An herbaceous plant (Trillium erectum), and its astringent rootstock, which is said to have medicinal properties.

Birthwort (n.) A genus of herbs and shrubs (Aristolochia), reputed to have medicinal properties.

Biscayan (n.) A native or inhabitant of Biscay.

Biscotin (n.) A confection made of flour, sugar, marmalade, and eggs; a sweet biscuit.

Biscuit (n.) A kind of unraised bread, of many varieties, plain, sweet, or fancy, formed into flat cakes, and bakes hard; as, ship biscuit.

Biscuit (n.) A small loaf or cake of bread, raised and shortened, or made light with soda or baking powder. Usually a number are baked in the same pan, forming a sheet or card.

Biscuit (n.) Earthen ware or porcelain which has undergone the first baking, before it is subjected to the glazing.

Biscuit (n.) A species of white, unglazed porcelain, in which vases, figures, and groups are formed in miniature.

Bise (n.) A cold north wind which prevails on the northern coasts of the Mediterranean and in Switzerland, etc.; -- nearly the same as the mistral.

Bise (n.) See Bice.

Bisection (n.) Division into two parts, esp. two equal parts.

Bisector (n.) One who, or that which, bisects; esp. (Geom.) a straight

Bisectrix (n.) The

Bisegment (n.) One of tow equal parts of a

Bish (n.) Same as Bikh.

Bishop (n.) A spiritual overseer, superintendent, or director.

Bishop (n.) In the Roman Catholic, Greek, and Anglican or Protestant Episcopal churches, one ordained to the highest order of the ministry, superior to the priesthood, and generally claiming to be a successor of the Apostles. The bishop is usually the spiritual head or ruler of a diocese, bishopric, or see.

Bishop (n.) In the Methodist Episcopal and some other churches, one of the highest church officers or superintendents.

Bishop (n.) A piece used in the game of chess, bearing a representation of a bishop's miter; -- formerly called archer.

Bishop (n.) A beverage, being a mixture of wine, oranges or lemons, and sugar.

Bishop (n.) An old name for a woman's bustle.

Bishopdom (n.) Jurisdiction of a bishop; episcopate.

Bishopric (n.) A diocese; the district over which the jurisdiction of a bishop extends.

Bishopric (n.) The office of a spiritual overseer, as of an apostle, bishop, or presbyter.

Bishop-stool (n.) A bishop's seat or see.

Bishop's-weed (n.) An umbelliferous plant of the genus Ammi.

Bishop's-weed (n.) Goutweed (Aegopodium podagraria).

Bishop's-wort (n.) Wood betony (Stachys betonica); also, the plant called fennel flower (Nigella Damascena), or devil-in-a-bush.

Bisilicate (n.) A salt of metasilicic acid; -- so called because the ratio of the oxygen of the silica to the oxygen of the base is as two to one. The bisilicates include many of the most common and important minerals.

Bisk (n.) Soup or broth made by boiling several sorts of flesh together.

Bisk (n.) See Bisque.

Bismare (n.) Alt. of Bismer

Bismer (n.) Shame; abuse.

Bismer (n.) A rule steelyard.

Bismer (n.) The fifteen-spined (Gasterosteus spinachia).

Bismite (n.) Bismuth trioxide, or bismuth ocher.

Bismuth (n.) One of the elements; a metal of a reddish white color, crystallizing in rhombohedrons. It is somewhat harder than lead, and rather brittle; masses show broad cleavage surfaces when broken across. It melts at 507! Fahr., being easily fused in the flame of a candle. It is found in a native state, and as a constituent of some minerals. Specific gravity 9.8. Atomic weight 207.5. Symbol Bi.

Bismuthine (n.) Alt. of Bismuthinite

Bismuthinite (n.) Native bismuth sulphide; -- sometimes called bismuthite.

Bismuthyl (n.) Hydrous carbonate of bismuth, an earthy mineral of a dull white or yellowish color.

Bison (n.) The aurochs or European bison.

Bison (n.) The American bison buffalo (Bison Americanus), a large, gregarious bovine quadruped with shaggy mane and short black horns, which formerly roamed in herds over most of the temperate portion of North America, but is now restricted to very limited districts in the region of the Rocky Mountains, and is rapidly decreasing in numbers.

Bisque (n.) Unglazed white porcelain.

Bisque (n.) A point taken by the receiver of odds in the game of tennis; also, an extra innings allowed to a weaker player in croquet.

Bisque (n.) A white soup made of crayfish.

Bissextile (n.) Leap year; every fourth year, in which a day is added to the month of February on account of the excess of the tropical year (365 d. 5 h. 48 m. 46 s.) above 365 days. But one day added every four years is equivalent to six hours each year, which is 11 m. 14 s. more than the excess of the real year. Hence, it is necessary to suppress the bissextile day at the end of every century which is not divisible by 400, while it is retained at the end of those which are divisible by 40>

Bister (n.) Alt. of Bistre

Bistre (n.) A dark brown pigment extracted from the soot of wood.

Bistort (n.) An herbaceous plant of the genus Polygonum, section Bistorta; snakeweed; adderwort. Its root is used in medicine as an astringent.

Bistoury (n.) A surgical instrument consisting of a slender knife, either straight or curved, generally used by introducing it beneath the part to be divided, and cutting towards the surface.

Bistre (n.) See Bister.

Bisulphate (n.) A sulphate in which but half the hydrogen of the acid is replaced by a positive element or radical, thus making the proportion of the acid to the positive or basic portion twice what it is in the normal sulphates; an acid sulphate.

Bisulphide (n.) A sulphide having two atoms of sulphur in the molecule; a disulphide, as in iron pyrites, FeS2; -- less frequently called bisulphuret.

Bisulphite (n.) A salt of sulphurous acid in which the base replaces but half the hydrogen of the acid; an acid sulphite.

Bisulphuret (n.) See Bisulphide.

Bitangent (n.) A

Bitartrate (n.) A salt of tartaric acid in which the base replaces but half the acid hydrogen; an acid tartrate, as cream of tartar.

Bitch (n.) The female of the canine kind, as of the dog, wolf, and fox.

Bitch (n.) An opprobrious name for a woman, especially a lewd woman.

Biter (n.) One who, or that which, bites; that which bites often, or is inc

Biter (n.) One who cheats; a sharper.

Bitheism (n.) Belief in the existence of two gods; dualism.

Bitstock (n.) A stock or handle for holding and rotating a bit; a brace.

Bitt (n.) See Bitts.

Bittacle (n.) A binnacle.

Bitter (n.) AA turn of the cable which is round the bitts.

Bitter (n.) Any substance that is bitter. See Bitters.

Bitterbump (n.) the butterbump or bittern.

Bittering (n.) A bitter compound used in adulterating beer; bittern.

Bitterling (n.) A roachlike European fish (Rhodima amarus).

Bittern (n.) A wading bird of the genus Botaurus, allied to the herons, of various species.

Bitterness (n.) The quality or state of being bitter, sharp, or acrid, in either a literal or figurative sense; implacableness; resentfulness; severity; keenness of reproach or sarcasm; deep distress, grief, or vexation of mind.

Bitterness (n.) A state of extreme impiety or enmity to God.

Bitterness (n.) Dangerous error, or schism, tending to draw persons to apostasy.

Bitternut (n.) The swamp hickory (Carya amara). Its thin-shelled nuts are bitter.

Bitterroot (n.) A plant (Lewisia rediviva) allied to the purslane, but with fleshy, farinaceous roots, growing in the mountains of Idaho, Montana, etc. It gives the name to the Bitter Root mountains and river. The Indians call both the plant and the river Spaet'lum.

Bittersweet (n.) Anything which is bittersweet.

Bittersweet (n.) A kind of apple so called.

Bittersweet (n.) A climbing shrub, with oval coral-red berries (Solanum dulcamara); woody nightshade. The whole plant is poisonous, and has a taste at first sweetish and then bitter. The branches are the officinal dulcamara.

Bittersweet (n.) An American woody climber (Celastrus scandens), whose yellow capsules open late in autumn, and disclose the red aril which covers the seeds; -- also called Roxbury waxwork.

Bitterweed (n.) A species of Ambrosia (A. artemisiaefolia); Roman worm wood.

Bitterwood (n.) A West Indian tree (Picraena excelsa) from the wood of which the bitter drug Jamaica quassia is obtained.

Bitterwort (n.) The yellow gentian (Gentiana lutea), which has a very bitter taste.

Bittock (n.) A small bit of anything, of indefinite size or quantity; a short distance.

Bittor Bittour (n.) The bittern.

Bitume (n.) Bitumen.

Bitumen (n.) Mineral pitch; a black, tarry substance, burning with a bright flame; Jew's pitch. It occurs as an abundant natural product in many places, as on the shores of the Dead and Caspian Seas. It is used in cements, in the construction of pavements, etc. See Asphalt.

Bitumen (n.) By extension, any one of the natural hydrocarbons, including the hard, solid, brittle varieties called asphalt, the semisolid maltha and mineral tars, the oily petroleums, and even the light, volatile naphthas.

Bituminization (n.) The process of bituminizing.

Biuret (n.) A white, crystal

Bivalency (n.) The quality of being bivalent.

Bivalve (n.) A mollusk having a shell consisting of two lateral plates or valves joined together by an elastic ligament at the hinge, which is usually strengthened by prominences called teeth. The shell is closed by the contraction of two transverse muscles attached to the inner surface, as in the clam, -- or by one, as in the oyster. See Mollusca.

Bivalve (n.) A pericarp in which the seed case opens or splits into two parts or valves.

Bivector (n.) A term made up of the two parts / + /1 /-1, where / and /1 are vectors.

Bivium (n.) One side of an echinoderm, including a pair of ambulacra, in distinction from the opposite side (trivium), which includes three ambulacra.

Bivouac (n.) The watch of a whole army by night, when in danger of surprise or attack.

Bivouac (n.) An encampment for the night without tents or covering.

Biweekly (n.) A publication issued every two weeks.

Bizet (n.) The upper faceted portion of a brilliant-cut diamond, which projects from the setting and occupies the zone between the girdle and the table. See Brilliant, n.

Blab (n.) One who blabs; a babbler; a telltale.

Blabber (n.) A tattler; a telltale.

Black (n.) That which is destitute of light or whiteness; the darkest color, or rather a destitution of all color; as, a cloth has a good black.

Black (n.) A black pigment or dye.

Black (n.) A negro; a person whose skin is of a black color, or shaded with black; esp. a member or descendant of certain African races.

Black (n.) A black garment or dress; as, she wears black

Black (n.) Mourning garments of a black color; funereal drapery.

Black (n.) The part of a thing which is distinguished from the rest by being black.

Black (n.) A stain; a spot; a smooch.

Blackamoor (n.) A negro or negress.

Blackball (n.) A composition for blacking shoes, boots, etc.; also, one for taking impressions of engraved work.

Blackball (n.) A ball of black color, esp. one used as a negative in voting; -- in this sense usually two words.

Blackband (n.) An earthy carbonate of iron containing considerable carbonaceous matter; -- valuable as an iron ore.

Blackberry (n.) The fruit of several species of bramble (Rubus); also, the plant itself. Rubus fruticosus is the blackberry of England; R. villosus and R. Canadensis are the high blackberry and low blackberry of the United States. There are also other kinds.

Blackbird (n.) In England, a species of thrush (Turdus merula), a singing bird with a fin note; the merle. In America the name is given to several birds, as the Quiscalus versicolor, or crow blackbird; the Agelaeus phoeniceus, or red-winged blackbird; the cowbird; the rusty grackle, etc. See Redwing.

Blackboard (n.) A broad board painted black, or any black surface on which writing, drawing, or the working of mathematical problems can be done with chalk or crayons. It is much used in schools.

Blackcap (n.) A small European song bird (Sylvia atricapilla), with a black crown; the mock nightingale.

Blackcap (n.) An American titmouse (Parus atricapillus); the chickadee.

Blackcap (n.) An apple roasted till black, to be served in a dish of boiled custard.

Blackcap (n.) The black raspberry.

Blackcoat (n.) A clergyman; -- familiarly so called, as a soldier is sometimes called a redcoat or a bluecoat.

Blackcock (n.) The male of the European black grouse (Tetrao tetrix, Linn.); -- so called by sportsmen. The female is called gray hen. See Heath grouse.

Blackener (n.) One who blackens.

Blackfin (n.) See Bluefin.

Blackfish (n.) A small kind of whale, of the genus Globicephalus, of several species. The most common is G. melas. Also sometimes applied to other whales of larger size.

Blackfish (n.) The tautog of New England (Tautoga).

Blackfish (n.) The black sea bass (Centropristis atrarius) of the Atlantic coast. It is excellent food fish; -- locally called also black Harry.

Blackfish (n.) A fish of southern Europe (Centrolophus pompilus) of the Mackerel family.

Blackfish (n.) The female salmon in the spawning season.

Blackfoot (n.) A Blackfoot Indian.

Blackguard (n.) The scullions and lower menials of a court, or of a nobleman's household, who, in a removal from one residence to another, had charge of the kitchen utensils, and being smutted by them, were jocularly called the "black guard"; also, the servants and hangers-on of an army.

Blackguard (n.) The criminals and vagrants or vagabonds of a town or community, collectively.

Blackguard (n.) A person of stained or low character, esp. one who uses scurrilous language, or treats others with foul abuse; a scoundrel; a rough.

Blackguard (n.) A vagrant; a bootblack; a gamin.

Blackguardism (n.) The conduct or language of a blackguard; ruffianism.

Blackhead (n.) The scaup duck.

Blackheart (n.) A heart-shaped cherry with a very dark-colored skin.

Blacking (n.) Any preparation for making things black; esp. one for giving a black luster to boots and shoes, or to stoves.

Blacking (n.) The act or process of making black.

Black-jack (n.) A name given by English miners to sphalerite, or zinc blende; -- called also false galena. See Blende.

Black-jack (n.) Caramel or burnt sugar, used to color wines, spirits, ground coffee, etc.

Black-jack (n.) A large leather vessel for beer, etc.

Black-jack (n.) The Quercus nigra, or barren oak.

Black-jack (n.) The ensign of a pirate.

Blackleg (n.) A notorious gambler.

Blackleg (n.) A disease among calves and sheep, characterized by a settling of gelatinous matter in the legs, and sometimes in the neck.

Blackmail (n.) A certain rate of money, corn, cattle, or other thing, anciently paid, in the north of England and south of Scotland, to certain men who were allied to robbers, or moss troopers, to be by them protected from pillage.

Blackmail (n.) Payment of money exacted by means of intimidation; also, extortion of money from a person by threats of public accusation, exposure, or censure.

Blackmail (n.) Black rent, or rent paid in corn, flesh, or the lowest coin, a opposed to "white rent", which paid in silver.

Blackmailer (n.) One who extorts, or endeavors to extort, money, by black mailing.

Blackmailing (n.) The act or practice of extorting money by exciting fears of injury other than bodily harm, as injury to reputation.

Blackmoor (n.) See Blackamoor.

Blackness (n.) The quality or state of being black; black color; atrociousness or enormity in wickedness.

Blackpoll (n.) A warbler of the United States (Dendroica striata).

Blackroot (n.) See Colicroot.

Blacksalter (n.) One who makes crude potash, or black salts.

Blacksmith (n.) A smith who works in iron with a forge, and makes iron utensils, horseshoes, etc.

Blacksmith (n.) A fish of the Pacific coast (Chromis, / Heliastes, punctipinnis), of a blackish color.

Black snake (n.) Alt. of Blacksnake

Blacksnake (n.) A snake of a black color, of which two species are common in the United States, the Bascanium constrictor, or racer, sometimes six feet long, and the Scotophis Alleghaniensis, seven or eight feet long.

Blackstrap (n.) A mixture of spirituous liquor (usually rum) and molasses.

Blackstrap (n.) Bad port wine; any common wine of the Mediterranean; -- so called by sailors.

Blacktail (n.) A fish; the ruff or pope.

Blacktail (n.) The black-tailed deer (Cervus / Cariacus Columbianus) of California and Oregon; also, the mule deer of the Rocky Mountains. See Mule deer.

Blackthorn (n.) A spreading thorny shrub or small tree (Prunus spinosa), with blackish bark, and bearing little black plums, which are called sloes; the sloe.

Blackthorn (n.) A species of Crataegus or hawthorn (C. tomentosa). Both are used for hedges.

Black wash (n.) Alt. of Blackwash

Blackwash (n.) A lotion made by mixing calomel and lime water.

Blackwash (n.) A wash that blackens, as opposed to whitewash; hence, figuratively, calumny.

Blackwood (n.) A name given to several dark-colored timbers. The East Indian black wood is from the tree Dalbergia latifolia.

Blackwork (n.) Work wrought by blacksmiths; -- so called in distinction from that wrought by whitesmiths.

Bladder (n.) A bag or sac in animals, which serves as the receptacle of some fluid; as, the urinary bladder; the gall bladder; -- applied especially to the urinary bladder, either within the animal, or when taken out and inflated with air.

Bladder (n.) Any vesicle or blister, especially if filled with air, or a thin, watery fluid.

Bladder (n.) A distended, membranaceous pericarp.

Bladder (n.) Anything inflated, empty, or unsound.

Bladderwort (n.) A genus (Utricularia) of aquatic or marshy plants, which usually bear numerous vesicles in the divisions of the leaves. These serve as traps for minute animals. See Ascidium.

Blade (n.) Properly, the leaf, or flat part of the leaf, of any plant, especially of gramineous plants. The term is sometimes applied to the spire of grasses.

Blade (n.) The cutting part of an instrument; as, the blade of a knife or a sword.

Blade (n.) The broad part of an oar; also, one of the projecting arms of a screw propeller.

Blade (n.) The scapula or shoulder blade.

Blade (n.) The principal rafters of a roof.

Blade (n.) The four large shell plates on the sides, and the five large ones of the middle, of the carapace of the sea turtle, which yield the best tortoise shell.

Blade (n.) A sharp-witted, dashing, wild, or reckless, fellow; -- a word of somewhat indefinite meaning.

Bladebone (n.) The scapula. See Blade, 4.

Bladefish (n.) A long, thin, marine fish of Europe (Trichiurus lepturus); the ribbon fish.

Bladesmith (n.) A sword cutler.

Blaeberry (n.) The bilberry.

Blague (n.) Mendacious boasting; falsehood; humbug.

Blain (n.) An inflammatory swelling or sore; a bulla, pustule, or blister.

Blain (n.) A bladder growing on the root of the tongue of a horse, against the windpipe, and stopping the breath.

Blamelessness (n.) The quality or state of being blameless; innocence.

Blamer (n.) One who blames.

Blancard (n.) A kind of

Blanch (n.) Ore, not in masses, but mixed with other minerals.

Blancher (n.) One who, or that which, blanches or whitens; esp., one who anneals and cleanses money; also, a chemical preparation for this purpose.

Blancher (n.) One who, or that which, frightens away or turns aside.

Blanchimeter (n.) An instrument for measuring the bleaching power of chloride of lime and potash; a chlorometer.

Blancmange (n.) A preparation for desserts, etc., made from isinglass, sea moss, cornstarch, or other gelatinous or starchy substance, with mild, usually sweetened and flavored, and shaped in a mold.

Blancmanger (n.) A sort of fricassee with white sauce, variously made of capon, fish, etc.

Blandation (n.) Flattery.

Blandiloquence (n.) Mild, flattering speech.

Blandisher (n.) One who uses blandishments.

Blandishment (n.) The act of blandishing; a word or act expressive of affection or kindness, and tending to win the heart; soft words and artful caresses; cajolery; allurement.

Blandness (n.) The state or quality of being bland.

Blank (n.) Any void space; a void space on paper, or in any written instrument; an interval void of consciousness, action, result, etc; a void.

Blank (n.) A lot by which nothing is gained; a ticket in a lottery on which no prize is indicated.

Blank (n.) A paper unwritten; a paper without marks or characters a blank ballot; -- especially, a paper on which are to be inserted designated items of information, for which spaces are left vacant; a bland form.

Blank (n.) A paper containing the substance of a legal instrument, as a deed, release, writ, or execution, with spaces left to be filled with names, date, descriptions, etc.

Blank (n.) The point aimed at in a target, marked with a white spot; hence, the object to which anything is directed.

Blank (n.) Aim; shot; range.

Blank (n.) A kind of base silver money, first coined in England by Henry V., and worth about 8 pence; also, a French coin of the seventeenth century, worth about 4 pence.

Blank (n.) A piece of metal prepared to be made into something by a further operation, as a coin, screw, nuts.

Blank (n.) A piece or division of a piece, without spots; as, the "double blank"; the "six blank."

Blanketing (n.) Cloth for blankets.

Blanketing (n.) The act or punishment of tossing in a blanket.

Blankness (n.) The state of being blank.

Blanquette (n.) A white fricassee.

Blanquillo (n.) A large fish of Florida and the W. Indies (Caulolatilus chrysops). It is red, marked with yellow.

Blare (n.) The harsh noise of a trumpet; a loud and somewhat harsh noise, like the blast of a trumpet; a roar or bellowing.

Blarney (n.) Smooth, wheedling talk; flattery.

Blasphemer (n.) One who blasphemes.

Blasphemy (n.) An indignity offered to God in words, writing, or signs; impiously irreverent words or signs addressed to, or used in reference to, God; speaking evil of God; also, the act of claiming the attributes or prerogatives of deity.

Blasphemy (n.) Figuratively, of things held in high honor: Calumny; abuse; vilification.

Blast (n.) A violent gust of wind.

Blast (n.) A forcible stream of air from an orifice, as from a bellows, the mouth, etc. Hence: The continuous blowing to which one charge of ore or metal is subjected in a furnace; as, to melt so many tons of iron at a blast.

Blast (n.) The exhaust steam from and engine, driving a column of air out of a boiler chimney, and thus creating an intense draught through the fire; also, any draught produced by the blast.

Blast (n.) The sound made by blowing a wind instrument; strictly, the sound produces at one breath.

Blast (n.) A sudden, pernicious effect, as if by a noxious wind, especially on animals and plants; a blight.

Blast (n.) The act of rending, or attempting to rend, heavy masses of rock, earth, etc., by the explosion of gunpowder, dynamite, etc.; also, the charge used for this purpose.

Blast (n.) A flatulent disease of sheep.

Blastema (n.) The structureless, protoplasmic tissue of the embryo; the primitive basis of an organ yet unformed, from which it grows.

Blaster (n.) One who, or that which, blasts or destroys.

Blastide (n.) A small, clear space in the segments of the ovum, the precursor of the nucleus.

Blasting (n.) A blast; destruction by a blast, or by some pernicious cause.

Blasting (n.) The act or process of one who, or that which, blasts; the business of one who blasts.

Blastment (n.) A sudden stroke or injury produced by some destructive cause.

Blastocoele (n.) The cavity of the blastosphere, or segmentation cavity.

Blastocyst (n.) The germinal vesicle.

Blastoderm (n.) The germinal membrane in an ovum, from which the embryo is developed.

Blastogenesis (n.) Multiplication or increase by gemmation or budding.

Blastoid (n.) One of the Blastoidea.

Blastomere (n.) One of the segments first formed by the division of the ovum.

Blastophore (n.) That portion of the spermatospore which is not converted into spermatoblasts, but carries them.

Blastopore (n.) The pore or opening leading into the cavity of invagination, or archenteron.

Blastosphere (n.) The hollow globe or sphere formed by the arrangement of the blastomeres on the periphery of an impregnated ovum.

Blastostyle (n.) In certain hydroids, an imperfect zooid, whose special function is to produce medusoid buds. See Hydroidea, and Athecata.

Blastula (n.) That stage in the development of the ovum in which the outer cells of the morula become more defined and form the blastoderm.

Blastule (n.) Same as Blastula.

Blatancy (n.) Blatant quality.

Blatherskite (n.) A blustering, talkative fellow.

Blatteration (n.) Blattering.

Blatterer (n.) One who blatters; a babbler; a noisy, blustering boaster.

Blattering (n.) Senseless babble or boasting.

Blatteroon (n.) A senseless babbler or boaster.

Blaubok (n.) The blue buck. See Blue buck, under Blue.

Blaze (n.) A stream of gas or vapor emitting light and heat in the process of combustion; a bright flame.

Blaze (n.) Intense, direct light accompanied with heat; as, to seek shelter from the blaze of the sun.

Blaze (n.) A bursting out, or active display of any quality; an outburst; a brilliant display.

Blaze (n.) A white spot on the forehead of a horse.

Blaze (n.) A spot made on trees by chipping off a piece of the bark, usually as a surveyor's mark.

Blazer (n.) One who spreads reports or blazes matters abroad.

Blazon (n.) A shield.

Blazon (n.) An heraldic shield; a coat of arms, or a bearing on a coat of arms; armorial bearings.

Blazon (n.) The art or act of describing or depicting heraldic bearings in the proper language or manner.

Blazon (n.) Ostentatious display, either by words or other means; publication; show; description; record.

Blazoner (n.) One who gives publicity, proclaims, or blazons; esp., one who blazons coats of arms; a herald.

Blazonment (n.) The act of blazoning; blazoning; emblazonment.

Blazonry (n.) Same as Blazon, 3.

Blazonry (n.) A coat of arms; an armorial bearing or bearings.

Blazonry (n.) Artistic representation or display.

Blea (n.) The part of a tree which lies immediately under the bark; the alburnum or sapwood.

Bleaberry (n.) See Blaeberry.

Bleacher (n.) One who whitens, or whose occupation is to whiten, by bleaching.

Bleachery (n.) A place or an establishment where bleaching is done.

Bleaching (n.) The act or process of whitening, by removing color or stains; esp. the process of whitening fabrics by chemical agents.

Bleareye (n.) A disease of the eyelids, consisting in chronic inflammation of the margins, with a gummy secretion of sebaceous matter.

Bleareyedness (n.) The state of being blear-eyed.

Bleat (n.) A plaintive cry of, or like that of, a sheep.

Bleater (n.) One who bleats; a sheep.

Bleating (n.) The cry of, or as of, a sheep.

Bleb (n.) A large vesicle or bulla, usually containing a serous fluid; a blister; a bubble, as in water, glass, etc.

Blee (n.) Complexion; color; hue; likeness; form.

Bleeder (n.) One who, or that which, draws blood.

Bleeder (n.) One in whom slight wounds give rise to profuse or uncontrollable bleeding.

Bleeding (n.) A running or issuing of blood, as from the nose or a wound; a hemorrhage; the operation of letting blood, as in surgery; a drawing or running of sap from a tree or plant.

Blemish (n.) Any mark of deformity or injury, whether physical or moral; anything that diminishes beauty, or renders imperfect that which is otherwise well formed; that which impairs reputation.

Blemishment (n.) The state of being blemished; blemish; disgrace; damage; impairment.

Blench (n.) A looking aside or askance.

Blencher (n.) One who, or that which, scares another; specifically, a person stationed to prevent the escape of the deer, at a hunt. See Blancher.

Blencher (n.) One who blenches, flinches, or shrinks back.

Blend (n.) A thorough mixture of one thing with another, as color, tint, etc., into another, so that it cannot be known where one ends or the other begins.

Blende (n.) A mineral, called also sphalerite, and by miners mock lead, false galena, and black-jack. It is a zinc sulphide, but often contains some iron. Its color is usually yellow, brown, or black, and its luster resinous.

Blende (n.) A general term for some minerals, chiefly metallic sulphides which have a somewhat brilliant but nonmetallic luster.

Blender (n.) One who, or that which, blends; an instrument, as a brush, used in blending.

Blending (n.) The act of mingling.

Blending (n.) The method of laying on different tints so that they may mingle together while wet, and shade into each other insensibly.

Blendwater (n.) A distemper incident to cattle, in which their livers are affected.

Blennorrhea (n.) An inordinate secretion and discharge of mucus.

Blennorrhea (n.) Gonorrhea.

Blenny (n.) A marine fish of the genus Blennius or family Blenniidae; -- so called from its coating of mucus. The species are numerous.

Blesbok (n.) A South African antelope (Alcelaphus albifrons), having a large white spot on the forehead.

Blessedness (n.) The state of being blessed; happiness; felicity; bliss; heavenly joys; the favor of God.

Blesser (n.) One who blesses; one who bestows or invokes a blessing.

Blet (n.) A form of decay in fruit which is overripe.

Bletonism (n.) The supposed faculty of perceiving subterraneous springs and currents by sensation; -- so called from one Bleton, of France.

Bletting (n.) A form of decay seen in fleshy, overripe fruit.

Bleyme (n.) An inflammation in the foot of a horse, between the sole and the bone.

Blickey (n.) A tin dinner pail.

Blight (n.) Mildew; decay; anything nipping or blasting; -- applied as a general name to various injuries or diseases of plants, causing the whole or a part to wither, whether occasioned by insects, fungi, or atmospheric influences.

Blight (n.) The act of blighting, or the state of being blighted; a withering or mildewing, or a stoppage of growth in the whole or a part of a plant, etc.

Blight (n.) That which frustrates one's plans or withers one's hopes; that which impairs or destroys.

Blight (n.) A downy species of aphis, or plant louse, destructive to fruit trees, infesting both the roots and branches; -- also applied to several other injurious insects.

Blight (n.) A rashlike eruption on the human skin.

Blimbi (n.) Alt. of Blimbing

Blimbing (n.) See Bilimbi, etc.

Blin (n.) Cessation; end.

Blind (n.) Something to hinder sight or keep out light; a screen; a cover; esp. a hinged screen or shutter for a window; a blinder for a horse.

Blind (n.) Something to mislead the eye or the understanding, or to conceal some covert deed or design; a subterfuge.

Blind (n.) A blindage. See Blindage.

Blind (n.) A halting place.

Blind (n.) Alt. of Blinde

Blinde (n.) See Blende.

Blindage (n.) A cover or protection for an advanced trench or approach, formed of fascines and earth supported by a framework.

Blinder (n.) One who, or that which, blinds.

Blinder (n.) One of the leather screens on a bridle, to hinder a horse from seeing objects at the side; a blinker.

Blindfish (n.) A small fish (Amblyopsis spelaeus) destitute of eyes, found in the waters of the Mammoth Cave, in Kentucky. Related fishes from other caves take the same name.

Blinding (n.) A thin coating of sand and fine gravel over a newly paved road. See Blind, v. t., 4.

Blindness (n.) State or condition of being blind, literally or figuratively.

Blindstory (n.) The triforium as opposed to the clearstory.

Blindworm (n.) A small, burrowing, snakelike, limbless lizard (Anguis fragilis), with minute eyes, popularly believed to be blind; the slowworm; -- formerly a name for the adder.

Blinkard (n.) One who blinks with, or as with, weak eyes.

Blinkard (n.) That which twinkles or glances, as a dim star, which appears and disappears.

Blinker (n.) One who, or that which, blinks.

Blinker (n.) A blinder for horses; a flap of leather on a horse's bridle to prevent him from seeing objects as his side hence, whatever obstructs sight or discernment.

Blirt (n.) A gust of wind and rain.

Bliss (n.) Orig., blithesomeness; gladness; now, the highest degree of happiness; blessedness; exalted felicity; heavenly joy.

Blister (n.) A vesicle of the skin, containing watery matter or serum, whether occasioned by a burn or other injury, or by a vesicatory; a collection of serous fluid causing a bladderlike elevation of the cuticle.

Blister (n.) Any elevation made by the separation of the film or skin, as on plants; or by the swelling of the substance at the surface, as on steel.

Blister (n.) A vesicatory; a plaster of Spanish flies, or other matter, applied to raise a blister.

Blite (n.) A genus of herbs (Blitum) with a fleshy calyx. Blitum capitatum is the strawberry blite.

Blitheness (n.) The state of being blithe.

Blizzard (n.) A gale of piercingly cold wind, usually accompanied with fine and blinding snow; a furious blast.

Bloat (n.) A term of contempt for a worthless, dissipated fellow.

Bloatedness (n.) The state of being bloated.

Bloater (n.) The common herring, esp. when of large size, smoked, and half dried; -- called also bloat herring.

Blob (n.) Something blunt and round; a small drop or lump of something viscid or thick; a drop; a bubble; a blister.

Blob (n.) A small fresh-water fish (Uranidea Richardsoni); the miller's thumb.

Blobber (n.) A bubble; blubber.

Blocage (n.) The roughest and cheapest sort of rubblework, in masonry.

Block (n.) To obstruct so as to prevent passage or progress; to prevent passage from, through, or into, by obstructing the way; -- used both of persons and things; -- often followed by up; as, to block up a road or harbor.

Block (n.) To secure or support by means of blocks; to secure, as two boards at their angles of intersection, by pieces of wood glued to each.

Block (n.) To shape on, or stamp with, a block; as, to block a hat.

Blockade (n.) Hence, to shut in so as to prevent egress.

Blockade (n.) To obstruct entrance to or egress from.

Blockader (n.) One who blockades.

Blockader (n.) A vessel employed in blockading.

Blockage (n.) The act of blocking up; the state of being blocked up.

Blockhead (n.) A stupid fellow; a dolt; a person deficient in understanding.

Blockheadism (n.) That which characterizes a blockhead; stupidity.

Blockhouse (n.) An edifice or structure of heavy timbers or logs for military defense, having its sides loopholed for musketry, and often an upper story projecting over the lower, or so placed upon it as to have its sides make an angle wit the sides of the lower story, thus enabling the defenders to fire downward, and in all directions; -- formerly much used in America and Germany.

Blockhouse (n.) A house of squared logs.

Blocking (n.) The act of obstructing, supporting, shaping, or stamping with a block or blocks.

Blocking (n.) Blocks used to support (a building, etc.) temporarily.

Bloedite (n.) A hydrous sulphate of magnesium and sodium.

Blomary (n.) See Bloomery.

Blonde (n.) A person of very fair complexion, with light hair and light blue eyes.

Blonde (n.) A kind of silk lace originally of the color of raw silk, now sometimes dyed; -- called also blond lace.

Blondness (n.) The state of being blond.

Blood (n.) The fluid which circulates in the principal vascular system of animals, carrying nourishment to all parts of the body, and bringing away waste products to be excreted. See under Arterial.

Blood (n.) Relationship by descent from a common ancestor; consanguinity; kinship.

Blood (n.) Descent;

Blood (n.) Descent from parents of recognized breed; excellence or purity of breed.

Blood (n.) The fleshy nature of man.

Blood (n.) The shedding of blood; the taking of life, murder; manslaughter; destruction.

Blood (n.) A bloodthirsty or murderous disposition.

Blood (n.) Temper of mind; disposition; state of the passions; -- as if the blood were the seat of emotions.

Blood (n.) A man of fire or spirit; a fiery spark; a gay, showy man; a rake.

Blood (n.) The juice of anything, especially if red.

Bloodbird (n.) An Australian honeysucker (Myzomela sanguineolata); -- so called from the bright red color of the male bird.

Bloodflower (n.) A genus of bulbous plants, natives of Southern Africa, named Haemanthus, of the Amaryllis family. The juice of H. toxicarius is used by the Hottentots to poison their arrows.

Bloodhound (n.) A breed of large and powerful dogs, with long, smooth, and pendulous ears, and remarkable for acuteness of smell. It is employed to recover game or prey which has escaped wounded from a hunter, and for tracking criminals. Formerly it was used for pursuing runaway slaves. Other varieties of dog are often used for the same purpose and go by the same name. The Cuban bloodhound is said to be a variety of the mastiff.

Bloodiness (n.) The state of being bloody.

Bloodiness (n.) Disposition to shed blood; bloodthirstiness.

Bloodletter (n.) One who, or that which, lets blood; a phlebotomist.

Bloodletting (n.) The act or process of letting blood or bleeding, as by opening a vein or artery, or by cupping or leeches; -- esp. applied to venesection.

Bloodroot (n.) A plant (Sanguinaria Canadensis), with a red root and red sap, and bearing a pretty, white flower in early spring; -- called also puccoon, redroot, bloodwort, tetterwort, turmeric, and Indian paint. It has acrid emetic properties, and the rootstock is used as a stimulant expectorant. See Sanguinaria.

Bloodshed (n.) The shedding or spilling of blood; slaughter; the act of shedding human blood, or taking life, as in war, riot, or murder.

Bloodshedder (n.) One who sheds blood; a manslayer; a murderer.

Bloodshedding (n.) Bloodshed.

Bloodstick (n.) A piece of hard wood loaded at one end with lead, and used to strike the fleam into the vein.

Bloodstone (n.) A green siliceous stone sprinkled with red jasper, as if with blood; hence the name; -- called also heliotrope.

Bloodstone (n.) Hematite, an ore of iron yielding a blood red powder or "streak."

Bloodstroke (n.) Loss of sensation and motion from hemorrhage or congestion in the brain.

Bloodsucker (n.) Any animal that sucks blood; esp., the leech (Hirudo medicinalis), and related species.

Bloodsucker (n.) One who sheds blood; a cruel, bloodthirsty man; one guilty of bloodshed; a murderer.

Bloodsucker (n.) A hard and exacting master, landlord, or money lender; an extortioner.

Bloodulf (n.) The European bullfinch.

Bloodwite (n.) Alt. of Bloodwit

Bloodwit (n.) A fine or amercement paid as a composition for the shedding of blood; also, a riot wherein blood was spilled.

Bloodwood (n.) A tree having the wood or the sap of the color of blood.

Bloodwort (n.) A plant, Rumex sanguineus, or bloody-veined dock. The name is applied also to bloodroot (Sanguinaria Canadensis), and to an extensive order of plants (Haemodoraceae), the roots of many species of which contain a red coloring matter useful in dyeing.

Bloodybones (n.) A terrible bugbear.

Bloom (n.) A blossom; the flower of a plant; an expanded bud; flowers, collectively.

Bloom (n.) The opening of flowers in general; the state of blossoming or of having the flowers open; as, the cherry trees are in bloom.

Bloom (n.) A state or time of beauty, freshness, and vigor; an opening to higher perfection, analogous to that of buds into blossoms; as, the bloom of youth.

Bloom (n.) The delicate, powdery coating upon certain growing or newly-gathered fruits or leaves, as on grapes, plums, etc. Hence: Anything giving an appearance of attractive freshness; a flush; a glow.

Bloom (n.) The clouded appearance which varnish sometimes takes upon the surface of a picture.

Bloom (n.) A yellowish deposit or powdery coating which appears on well-tanned leather.

Bloom (n.) A popular term for a bright-hued variety of some minerals; as, the rose-red cobalt bloom.

Bloom (n.) A mass of wrought iron from the Catalan forge or from the puddling furnace, deprived of its dross, and shaped usually in the form of an oblong block by shingling.

Bloom (n.) A large bar of steel formed directly from an ingot by hammering or rolling, being a preliminary shape for further working.

Bloomary (n.) See Bloomery.

Bloomer (n.) A costume for women, consisting of a short dress, with loose trousers gathered round ankles, and (commonly) a broad-brimmed hat.

Bloomer (n.) A woman who wears a Bloomer costume.

Bloomery (n.) A furnace and forge in which wrought iron in the form of blooms is made directly from the ore, or (more rarely) from cast iron.

Blooming (n.) The process of making blooms from the ore or from cast iron.

Bloomingness (n.) A blooming condition.

Blooth (n.) Bloom; a blossoming.

Blore (n.) The act of blowing; a roaring wind; a blast.

Blossom (n.) The flower of a plant, or the essential organs of reproduction, with their appendages; florescence; bloom; the flowers of a plant, collectively; as, the blossoms and fruit of a tree; an apple tree in blossom.

Blossom (n.) A blooming period or stage of development; something lovely that gives rich promise.

Blossom (n.) The color of a horse that has white hairs intermixed with sorrel and bay hairs; -- otherwise called peach color.

Blossom (n.) To put forth blossoms or flowers; to bloom; to blow; to flower.

Blossom (n.) To flourish and prosper.

Blot (n.) A spot or stain, as of ink on paper; a blur.

Blot (n.) An obliteration of something written or printed; an erasure.

Blot (n.) A spot on reputation; a stain; a disgrace; a reproach; a blemish.

Blot (n.) An exposure of a single man to be taken up.

Blot (n.) A single man left on a point, exposed to be taken up.

Blot (n.) A weak point; a failing; an exposed point or mark.

Blotter (n.) One who, or that which, blots; esp. a device for absorbing superfluous ink.

Blotter (n.) A wastebook, in which entries of transactions are made as they take place.

Blouse (n.) A light, loose over-garment, like a smock frock, worn especially by workingmen in France; also, a loose coat of any material, as the undress uniform coat of the United States army.

Blow (n.) A blossom; a flower; also, a state of blossoming; a mass of blossoms.

Blow (n.) A forcible stroke with the hand, fist, or some instrument, as a rod, a club, an ax, or a sword.

Blow (n.) A sudden or forcible act or effort; an assault.

Blow (n.) The infliction of evil; a sudden calamity; something which produces mental, physical, or financial suffering or loss (esp. when sudden); a buffet.

Blow (n.) A blowing, esp., a violent blowing of the wind; a gale; as, a heavy blow came on, and the ship put back to port.

Blow (n.) The act of forcing air from the mouth, or through or from some instrument; as, to give a hard blow on a whistle or horn; to give the fire a blow with the bellows.

Blow (n.) The spouting of a whale.

Blow (n.) A single heat or operation of the Bessemer converter.

Blow (n.) An egg, or a larva, deposited by a fly on or in flesh, or the act of depositing it.

Blowball (n.) The downy seed head of a dandelion, which children delight to blow away.

Blowen (n.) Alt. of Blowess

Blowess (n.) A prostitute; a courtesan; a strumpet.

Blower (n.) One who, or that which, blows.

Blower (n.) A device for producing a current of air; as: (a) A metal plate temporarily placed before the upper part of a grate or open fire. (b) A machine for producing an artificial blast or current of air by pressure, as for increasing the draft of a furnace, ventilating a building or shaft, cleansing gram, etc.

Blower (n.) A blowing out or excessive discharge of gas from a hole or fissure in a mine.

Blower (n.) The whale; -- so called by seamen, from the circumstance of its spouting up a column of water.

Blower (n.) A small fish of the Atlantic coast (Tetrodon turgidus); the puffer.

Blower (n.) A braggart, or loud talker.

Blowfly (n.) Any species of fly of the genus Musca that deposits its eggs or young larvae (called flyblows and maggots) upon meat or other animal products.

Blowgun (n.) A tube, as of cane or reed, sometimes twelve feet long, through which an arrow or other projectile may be impelled by the force of the breath. It is a weapon much used by certain Indians of America and the West Indies; -- called also blowpipe, and blowtube. See Sumpitan.

Blowhole (n.) A cavern in a cliff, at the water level, opening to the air at its farther extremity, so that the waters rush in with each surge and rise in a lofty jet from the extremity.

Blowhole (n.) A nostril or spiracle in the top of the head of a whale or other cetacean.

Blowhole (n.) A hole in the ice to which whales, seals, etc., come to breathe.

Blowhole (n.) An air hole in a casting.

Blow-off (n.) A blowing off steam, water, etc.;

Blow-out (n.) The cleaning of the flues of a boiler from scale, etc., by a blast of steam.

Blowpipe (n.) A tube for directing a jet of air into a fire or into the flame of a lamp or candle, so as to concentrate the heat on some object.

Blowpipe (n.) A blowgun; a blowtube.

Blowpoint (n.) A child's game.

Blowse (n.) See Blowze.

Blowth (n.) A blossoming; a bloom.

Blowtube (n.) A blowgun.

Blowtube (n.) A similar instrument, commonly of tin, used by boys for discharging paper wads and other light missiles.

Blowtube (n.) A long wrought iron tube, on the end of which the workman gathers a quantity of "metal" (melted glass), and through which he blows to expand or shape it; -- called also blowing tube, and blowpipe.

Blowze (n.) A ruddy, fat-faced woman; a wench.

Blubber (n.) A bubble.

Blubber (n.) The fat of whales and other large sea animals from which oil is obtained. It lies immediately under the skin and over the muscular flesh.

Blubber (n.) A large sea nettle or medusa.

Blubbering (n.) The act of weeping noisily.

Blucher (n.) A kind of half boot, named from the Prussian general Blucher.

Bludgeon (n.) A short stick, with one end loaded, or thicker and heavier that the other, used as an offensive weapon.

Blue (n.) One of the seven colors into which the rays of light divide themselves, when refracted through a glass prism; the color of the clear sky, or a color resembling that, whether lighter or darker; a pigment having such color. Sometimes, poetically, the sky.

Blue (n.) A pedantic woman; a bluestocking.

Blueback (n.) A trout (Salmo oquassa) inhabiting some of the lakes of Maine.

Blueback (n.) A salmon (Oncorhynchus nerka) of the Columbia River and northward.

Blueback (n.) An American river herring (Clupea aestivalis), closely allied to the alewife.

Bluebeard (n.) The hero of a mediaeval French nursery legend, who, leaving home, enjoined his young wife not to open a certain room in his castle. She entered it, and found the murdered bodies of his former wives. -- Also used adjectively of a subject which it is forbidden to investigate.

Bluebell (n.) A plant of the genus Campanula, especially the Campanula rotundifolia, which bears blue bell-shaped flowers; the harebell.

Bluebell (n.) A plant of the genus Scilla (Scilla nutans).

Blueberry (n.) The berry of several species of Vaccinium, an ericaceous genus, differing from the American huckleberries in containing numerous minute seeds instead of ten nutlets. The commonest species are V. Pennsylvanicum and V. vacillans. V. corymbosum is the tall blueberry.

Bluebill (n.) A duck of the genus Fuligula. Two American species (F. marila and F. affinis) are common. See Scaup duck.

Bluebird (n.) A small song bird (Sialia sialis), very common in the United States, and, in the north, one of the earliest to arrive in spring. The male is blue, with the breast reddish. It is related to the European robin.

Blue bonnet (n.) Alt. of Blue-bonnet

Blue-bonnet (n.) A broad, flat Scottish cap of blue woolen, or one wearing such cap; a Scotchman.

Blue-bonnet (n.) A plant. Same as Bluebottle.

Blue-bonnet (n.) The European blue titmouse (Parus coeruleus); the bluecap.

Bluebottle (n.) A plant (Centaurea cyanus) which grows in grain fields. It receives its name from its blue bottle-shaped flowers.

Bluebottle (n.) A large and troublesome species of blowfly (Musca vomitoria). Its body is steel blue.

Bluebreast (n.) A small European bird; the blue-throated warbler.

Bluecap (n.) The bluepoll.

Bluecap (n.) The blue bonnet or blue titmouse.

Bluecap (n.) A Scot; a Scotchman; -- so named from wearing a blue bonnet.

Bluecoat (n.) One dressed in blue, as a soldier, a sailor, a beadle, etc.

Blue-eye (n.) The blue-cheeked honeysucker of Australia.

Bluefin (n.) A species of whitefish (Coregonus nigripinnis) found in Lake Michigan.

Bluefish (n.) A large voracious fish (Pomatomus saitatrix), of the family Carangidae, valued as a food fish, and widely distributed on the American coast. On the New Jersey and Rhode Island coast it is called the horse mackerel, in Virginia saltwater tailor, or skipjack.

Bluefish (n.) A West Indian fish (Platyglossus radiatus), of the family Labridae.

Bluegown (n.) One of a class of paupers or pensioners, or licensed beggars, in Scotland, to whim annually on the king's birthday were distributed certain alms, including a blue gown; a beadsman.

Blue-john (n.) A name given to fluor spar in Derbyshire, where it is used for ornamental purposes.

Blueness (n.) The quality of being blue; a blue color.

Bluenose (n.) A nickname for a Nova Scotian.

Bluepoll (n.) A kind of salmon (Salmo Cambricus) found in Wales.

Bluestocking (n.) A literary lady; a female pedant.

Bluestocking (n.) The American avocet (Recurvirostra Americana).

Bluestockingism (n.) The character or manner of a bluestocking; female pedantry.

Bluestone (n.) Blue vitriol.

Bluestone (n.) A grayish blue building stone, as that commonly used in the eastern United States.

Bluethroat (n.) A singing bird of northern Europe and Asia (Cyanecula Suecica), related to the nightingales; -- called also blue-throated robin and blue-throated warbler.

Bluewing (n.) The blue-winged teal. See Teal.

Bluff (n.) A high, steep bank, as by a river or the sea, or beside a ravine or plain; a cliff with a broad face.

Bluff (n.) An act of bluffing; an expression of self-confidence for the purpose of intimidation; braggadocio; as, that is only bluff, or a bluff.

Bluff (n.) A game at cards; poker.

Bluffer (n.) One who bluffs.

Bluffness (n.) The quality or state of being bluff.

Bluing (n.) The act of rendering blue; as, the bluing of steel.

Bluing (n.) Something to give a bluish tint, as indigo, or preparations used by washerwomen.

Blunder (n.) Confusion; disturbance.

Blunder (n.) A gross error or mistake, resulting from carelessness, stupidity, or culpable ignorance.

Blunderbuss (n.) A short gun or firearm, with a large bore, capable of holding a number of balls, and intended to do execution without exact aim.

Blunderbuss (n.) A stupid, blundering fellow.

Blunderer (n.) One who is apt to blunder.

Blunderhead (n.) A stupid, blundering fellow.

Blunger (n.) A wooden blade with a cross handle, used for mi/ing the clay in potteries; a plunger.

Blunging (n.) The process of mixing clay in potteries with a blunger.

Blunt (n.) A fencer's foil.

Blunt (n.) A short needle with a strong point. See Needle.

Blunt (n.) Money.

Bluntness (n.) Want of edge or point; dullness; obtuseness; want of sharpness.

Bluntness (n.) Abruptness of address; rude plainness.

Blunt-witted (n.) Dull; stupid.

Blur (n.) That which obscures without effacing; a stain; a blot, as upon paper or other substance.

Blur (n.) A dim, confused appearance; indistinctness of vision; as, to see things with a blur; it was all blur.

Blur (n.) A moral stain or blot.

Blush (n.) A suffusion of the cheeks or face with red, as from a sense of shame, confusion, or modesty.

Blush (n.) A red or reddish color; a rosy tint.

Blusher (n.) One that blushes.

Blushet (n.) A modest girl.

Blushing (n.) The act of turning red; the appearance of a reddish color or flush upon the cheeks.

Bluster (n.) Fitful noise and violence, as of a storm; violent winds; boisterousness.

Bluster (n.) Noisy and violent or threatening talk; noisy and boastful language.

Blusterer (n.) One who, or that which, blusters; a noisy swaggerer.

Boa (n.) A genus of large American serpents, including the boa constrictor, the emperor boa of Mexico (B. imperator), and the chevalier boa of Peru (B. eques).

Boa (n.) A long, round fur tippet; -- so called from its resemblance in shape to the boa constrictor.

Boar (n.) The uncastrated male of swine; specifically, the wild hog.

Board (n.) A piece of timber sawed thin, and of considerable length and breadth as compared with the thickness, -- used for building, etc.

Board (n.) A table to put food upon.

Board (n.) Hence: What is served on a table as food; stated meals; provision; entertainment; -- usually as furnished for pay; as, to work for one's board; the price of board.

Board (n.) A table at which a council or court is held. Hence: A council, convened for business, or any authorized assembly or meeting, public or private; a number of persons appointed or elected to sit in council for the management or direction of some public or private business or trust; as, the Board of Admiralty; a board of trade; a board of directors, trustees, commissioners, etc.

Board (n.) A square or oblong piece of thin wood or other material used for some special purpose, as, a molding board; a board or surface painted or arranged for a game; as, a chessboard; a backgammon board.

Board (n.) Paper made thick and stiff like a board, for book covers, etc.; pasteboard; as, to bind a book in boards.

Board (n.) The stage in a theater; as, to go upon the boards, to enter upon the theatrical profession.

Board (n.) The border or side of anything.

Board (n.) The side of a ship.

Board (n.) The stretch which a ship makes in one tack.

Board (n.) To go on board of, or enter, as a ship, whether in a hostile or a friendly way.

Board (n.) To enter, as a railway car.

Board (n.) To furnish with regular meals, or with meals and lodgings, for compensation; to supply with daily meals.

Board (n.) To place at board, for compensation; as, to board one's horse at a livery stable.

Boarder (n.) One who has food statedly at another's table, or meals and lodgings in his house, for pay, or compensation of any kind.

Boarder (n.) One who boards a ship; one selected to board an enemy's ship.

Boarding (n.) The act of entering a ship, whether with a hostile or a friendly purpose.

Boarding (n.) The act of covering with boards; also, boards, collectively; or a covering made of boards.

Boarding (n.) The act of supplying, or the state of being supplied, with regular or specified meals, or with meals and lodgings, for pay.

Boarfish (n.) A Mediterranean fish (Capros aper), of the family Caproidae; -- so called from the resemblance of the extended lips to a hog's snout.

Boarfish (n.) An Australian percoid fish (Histiopterus recurvirostris), valued as a food fish.

Boast (n.) Act of boasting; vaunting or bragging.

Boast (n.) The cause of boasting; occasion of pride or exultation, -- sometimes of laudable pride or exultation.

Boastance (n.) Boasting.

Boaster (n.) One who boasts; a braggart.

Boaster (n.) A stone mason's broad-faced chisel.

Boasting (n.) The act of glorying or vaunting; vainglorious speaking; ostentatious display.

Boat (n.) A small open vessel, or water craft, usually moved by cars or paddles, but often by a sail.

Boat (n.) Hence, any vessel; usually with some epithet descriptive of its use or mode of propulsion; as, pilot boat, packet boat, passage boat, advice boat, etc. The term is sometimes applied to steam vessels, even of the largest class; as, the Cunard boats.

Boat (n.) A vehicle, utensil, or dish, somewhat resembling a boat in shape; as, a stone boat; a gravy boat.

Boatage (n.) Conveyance by boat; also, a charge for such conveyance.

Boatbill (n.) A wading bird (Cancroma cochlearia) of the tropical parts of South America. Its bill is somewhat like a boat with the keel uppermost.

Boatbill (n.) A perching bird of India, of the genus Eurylaimus.

Boatful (n.) The quantity or amount that fills a boat.

Boathouse (n.) A house for sheltering boats.

Boating (n.) The act or practice of rowing or sailing, esp. as an amusement; carriage in boats.

Boating (n.) In Persia, a punishment of capital offenders, by laying them on the back in a covered boat, where they are left to perish.

Boation (n.) A crying out; a roaring; a bellowing; reverberation.

Boatman (n.) A man who manages a boat; a rower of a boat.

Boatman (n.) A boat bug. See Boat bug.

Boatmanship (n.) The art of managing a boat.

Boatsman (n.) A boatman.

Boatswain (n.) An officer who has charge of the boats, sails, rigging, colors, anchors, cables, cordage, etc., of a ship, and who also summons the crew, and performs other duties.

Boatswain (n.) The jager gull.

Boatswain (n.) The tropic bird.

Boat-tail (n.) A large grackle or blackbird (Quiscalus major), found in the Southern United States.

Boatwoman (n.) A woman who manages a boat.

Bob (n.) Anything that hangs so as to play loosely, or with a short abrupt motion, as at the end of a string; a pendant; as, the bob at the end of a kite's tail.

Bob (n.) A knot of worms, or of rags, on a string, used in angling, as for eels; formerly, a worm suitable for bait.

Bob (n.) A small piece of cork or light wood attached to a fishing

Bob (n.) The ball or heavy part of a pendulum; also, the ball or weight at the end of a plumb

Bob (n.) A small wheel, made of leather, with rounded edges, used in polishing spoons, etc.

Bob (n.) A short, jerking motion; act of bobbing; as, a bob of the head.

Bob (n.) A working beam.

Bob (n.) A knot or short curl of hair; also, a bob wig.

Bob (n.) A peculiar mode of ringing changes on bells.

Bob (n.) The refrain of a song.

Bob (n.) A blow; a shake or jog; a rap, as with the fist.

Bob (n.) A jeer or flout; a sharp jest or taunt; a trick.

Bob (n.) A shilling.

Bob (n.) To cause to move in a short, jerking manner; to move (a thing) with a bob.

Bob (n.) To strike with a quick, light blow; to tap.

Bob (n.) To cheat; to gain by fraud or cheating; to filch.

Bob (n.) To mock or delude; to cheat.

Bob (n.) To cut short; as, to bob the hair, or a horse's tail.

Bobac (n.) The Poland marmot (Arctomys bobac).

Bobance (n.) A boasting.

Bobber (n.) One who, or that which, bobs.

Bobbery (n.) A squabble; a tumult; a noisy disturbance; as, to raise a bobbery.

Bobbin (n.) A small pin, or cylinder, formerly of bone, now most commonly of wood, used in the making of pillow lace. Each thread is wound on a separate bobbin which hangs down holding the thread at a slight tension.

Bobbin (n.) A spool or reel of various material and construction, with a head at one or both ends, and sometimes with a hole bored through its length by which it may be placed on a spindle or pivot. It is used to hold yarn or thread, as in spinning or warping machines, looms, sewing machines, etc.

Bobbin (n.) The little rounded piece of wood, at the end of a latch string, which is pulled to raise the latch.

Bobbin (n.) A fine cord or narrow braid.

Bobbin (n.) A cylindrical or spool-shaped coil or insulated wire, usually containing a core of soft iron which becomes magnetic when the wire is traversed by an electrical current.

Bobbinet (n.) A kind of cotton lace which is wrought by machines, and not by hand.

Bobbinwork (n.) Work woven with bobbins.

Bobby (n.) A nickname for a policeman; -- from Sir Robert Peel, who remodeled the police force. See Peeler.

Bob-cherry (n.) A play among children, in which a cherry, hung so as to bob against the mouth, is to be caught with the teeth.

Bobfly (n.) The fly at the end of the leader; an end fly.

Bobolink (n.) An American singing bird (Dolichonyx oryzivorus). The male is black and white; the female is brown; -- called also, ricebird, reedbird, and Boblincoln.

Bobsled (n.) Alt. of Bobsleigh

Bobsleigh (n.) A short sled, mostly used as one of a pair connected by a reach or coupling; also, the compound sled so formed.

Bobstay (n.) A rope or chain to confine the bowsprit of a ship downward to the stem or cutwater; -- usually in the pl.

Bobtail (n.) An animal (as a horse or dog) with a short tail.

Bobwhite (n.) The common quail of North America (Colinus, or Ortyx, Virginianus); -- so called from its note.

Bocal (n.) A cylindrical glass vessel, with a large and short neck.

Bocardo (n.) A form of syllogism of which the first and third propositions are particular negatives, and the middle term a universal affirmative.

Bocardo (n.) A prison; -- originally the name of the old north gate in Oxford, which was used as a prison.

Bocasine (n.) A sort of fine buckram.

Bocca (n.) The round hole in the furnace of a glass manufactory through which the fused glass is taken out.

Boce (n.) A European fish (Box vulgaris), having a compressed body and bright colors; -- called also box, and bogue.

Bockelet (n.) A kind of long-winged hawk; -- called also bockerel, and bockeret.

Bockey (n.) A bowl or vessel made from a gourd.

Bocking (n.) A coarse woolen fabric, used for floor cloths, to cover carpets, etc.; -- so called from the town of Bocking, in England, where it was first made.

Bockland (n.) See Bookland.

Boddice (n.) See Bodick.

Bode (n.) An omen; a foreshadowing.

Bode (n.) A bid; an offer.

Bode (n.) A stop; a halting; delay.

Bodement (n.) An omen; a prognostic.

Bodge (n.) A botch; a patch.

Bodian (n.) A large food fish (Diagramma

Bodice (n.) A kind of under waist stiffened with whalebone, etc., worn esp. by women; a corset; stays.

Bodice (n.) A close-fitting outer waist or vest forming the upper part of a woman's dress, or a portion of it.


Boding (n.) A prognostic; an omen; a foreboding.

Bodkin (n.) A dagger.

Bodkin (n.) An implement of steel, bone, ivory, etc., with a sharp point, for making holes by piercing; a /tiletto; an eyeleteer.

Bodkin (n.) A sharp tool, like an awl, used for picking /ut letters from a column or page in making corrections.

Bodkin (n.) A kind of needle with a large eye and a blunt point, for drawing tape, ribbon, etc., through a loop or a hem; a tape needle.

Bodkin (n.) A kind of pin used by women to fasten the hair.

Bodkin (n.) See Baudekin.

Bodle (n.) A small Scotch coin worth about one sixth of an English penny.

Bodock (n.) The Osage orange.

Bodrage (n.) A raid.

Body (n.) The material organized substance of an animal, whether living or dead, as distinguished from the spirit, or vital principle; the physical person.

Body (n.) The trunk, or main part, of a person or animal, as distinguished from the limbs and head; the main, central, or principal part, as of a tree, army, country, etc.

Body (n.) The real, as opposed to the symbolical; the substance, as opposed to the shadow.

Body (n.) A person; a human being; -- frequently in composition; as, anybody, nobody.

Body (n.) A number of individuals spoken of collectively, usually as united by some common tie, or as organized for some purpose; a collective whole or totality; a corporation; as, a legislative body; a clerical body.

Body (n.) A number of things or particulars embodied in a system; a general collection; as, a great body of facts; a body of laws or of divinity.

Body (n.) Any mass or portion of matter; any substance distinct from others; as, a metallic body; a moving body; an aeriform body.

Body (n.) Amount; quantity; extent.

Body (n.) That part of a garment covering the body, as distinguished from the parts covering the limbs.

Body (n.) The bed or box of a vehicle, on or in which the load is placed; as, a wagon body; a cart body.

Body (n.) The shank of a type, or the depth of the shank (by which the size is indicated); as, a nonpareil face on an agate body.

Body (n.) A figure that has length, breadth, and thickness; any solid figure.

Body (n.) Consistency; thickness; substance; strength; as, this color has body; wine of a good body.

Bodyguard (n.) A guard to protect or defend the person; a lifeguard.

Bodyguard (n.) Retinue; attendance; following.

Boeotian (n.) A native of Boeotia; also, one who is dull and ignorant.

Boer (n.) A colonist or farmer in South Africa of Dutch descent.

Bog (n.) A quagmire filled with decayed moss and other vegetable matter; wet spongy ground where a heavy body is apt to sink; a marsh; a morass.

Bog (n.) A little elevated spot or clump of earth, roots, and grass, in a marsh or swamp.

Bogberry (n.) The small cranberry (Vaccinium oxycoccus), which grows in boggy places.

Bogey (n.) A goblin; a bugbear. See Bogy.

Boggard (n.) A bogey.

Boggle (n.) To stop or hesitate as if suddenly frightened, or in doubt, or impeded by unforeseen difficulties; to take alarm; to exhibit hesitancy and indecision.

Boggle (n.) To do anything awkwardly or unskillfully.

Boggle (n.) To play fast and loose; to dissemble.

Boggler (n.) One who boggles.

Bogie (n.) A four-wheeled truck, having a certain amount of play around a vertical axis, used to support in part a locomotive on a railway track.

Bogle (n.) A goblin; a specter; a frightful phantom; a bogy; a bugbear.

Bogsucker (n.) The American woodcock; -- so called from its feeding among the bogs.

Bogtrotter (n.) One who lives in a boggy country; -- applied in derision to the lowest class of Irish.

Bogue (n.) The boce; -- called also bogue bream. See Boce.

Bogus (n.) A liquor made of rum and molasses.

Bogwood (n.) The wood of trees, esp. of oaks, dug up from peat bogs. It is of a shining black or ebony color, and is largely used for making ornaments.

Bogy (n.) A specter; a hobgoblin; a bugbear.

Bohea (n.) Bohea tea, an inferior kind of black tea. See under Tea.

Bohemia (n.) A country of central Europe.

Bohemia (n.) Fig.: The region or community of social Bohemians. See Bohemian, n., 3.

Bohemian (n.) Of or pertaining to a social gypsy or "Bohemian" (see Bohemian, n., 3); vagabond; unconventional; free and easy.

Bohemian (n.) A native of Bohemia.

Bohemian (n.) The language of the Czechs (the ancient inhabitants of Bohemia), the richest and most developed of the dialects of the Slavic family.

Bohemian (n.) A restless vagabond; -- originally, an idle stroller or gypsy (as in France) thought to have come from Bohemia; in later times often applied to an adventurer in art or literature, of irregular, unconventional habits, questionable tastes, or free morals.

Bohemianism (n.) The characteristic conduct or methods of a Bohemian.

Boiar (n.) See Boyar.

Boil (n.) Act or state of boiling.

Boil (n.) A hard, painful, inflamed tumor, which, on suppuration, discharges pus, mixed with blood, and discloses a small fibrous mass of dead tissue, called the core.

Boilary (n.) See Boilery.

Boiler (n.) One who boils.

Boiler (n.) A vessel in which any thing is boiled.

Boiler (n.) A strong metallic vessel, usually of wrought iron plates riveted together, or a composite structure variously formed, in which steam is generated for driving engines, or for heating, cooking, or other purposes.

Boilery (n.) A place and apparatus for boiling, as for evaporating brine in salt making.

Boiling (n.) The act of ebullition or of tumultuous agitation.

Boiling (n.) Exposure to the action of a hot liquid.

Boist (n.) A box.

Boisterousness (n.) The state or quality of being boisterous; turbulence; disorder; tumultuousness.

Bokadam (n.) See Cerberus.

Bold (n.) Forward to meet danger; venturesome; daring; not timorous or shrinking from risk; brave; courageous.

Bold (n.) Exhibiting or requiring spirit and contempt of danger; planned with courage; daring; vigorous.

Bold (n.) In a bad sense, too forward; taking undue liberties; over assuming or confident; lacking proper modesty or restraint; rude; impudent.

Bold (n.) Somewhat overstepping usual bounds, or conventional rules, as in art, literature, etc.; taking liberties in composition or expression; as, the figures of an author are bold.

Bold (n.) Standing prominently out to view; markedly conspicuous; striking the eye; in high relief.

Bold (n.) Steep; abrupt; prominent.

Boldness (n.) The state or quality of being bold.

Boldo (n.) Alt. of Boldu

Boldu (n.) A fragrant evergreen shrub of Chili (Peumus Boldus). The bark is used in tanning, the wood for making charcoal, the leaves in medicine, and the drupes are eaten.

Bole (n.) The trunk or stem of a tree, or that which is like it.

Bole (n.) An aperture, with a wooden shutter, in the wall of a house, for giving, occasionally, air or light; also, a small closet.

Bole (n.) A measure. See Boll, n., 2.

Bole (n.) Any one of several varieties of friable earthy clay, usually colored more or less strongly red by oxide of iron, and used to color and adulterate various substances. It was formerly used in medicine. It is composed essentially of hydrous silicates of alumina, or more rarely of magnesia. See Clay, and Terra alba.

Bole (n.) A bolus; a dose.

Bolection (n.) A projecting molding round a panel. Same as Bilection.

Bolero (n.) A Spanish dance, or the lively music which accompanies it.

bolete (n.) any fungus of the family Boletaceae.

Boletus (n.) A genus of fungi having the under side of the pileus or cap composed of a multitude of fine separate tubes. A few are edible, and others very poisonous.

Boley (n.) Alt. of Bolye

Bolye (n.) Same as Booly.

Bolide (n.) A kind of bright meteor; a bolis.

Bolis (n.) A meteor or brilliant shooting star, followed by a train of light or sparks; esp. one which explodes.

Bolivian (n.) A native of Bolivia.

Boll (n.) The pod or capsule of a plant, as of flax or cotton; a pericarp of a globular form.

Boll (n.) A Scotch measure, formerly in use: for wheat and beans it contained four Winchester bushels; for oats, barley, and potatoes, six bushels. A boll of meal is 140 lbs. avoirdupois. Also, a measure for salt of two bushels.

Bollard (n.) An upright wooden or iron post in a boat or on a dock, used in veering or fastening ropes.

Bollworm (n.) The larva of a moth (Heliothis armigera) which devours the bolls or unripe pods of the cotton plant, often doing great damage to the crops.

Bologna (n.) A city of Italy which has given its name to various objects.

Bologna (n.) A Bologna sausage.

Bolognese (n.) A native of Bologna.

Bolometer (n.) An instrument for measuring minute quantities of radiant heat, especially in different parts of the spectrum; -- called also actinic balance, thermic balance.

Bolster (n.) A long pillow or cushion, used to support the head of a person lying on a bed; -- generally laid under the pillows.

Bolster (n.) A pad, quilt, or anything used to hinder pressure, support any part of the body, or make a bandage sit easy upon a wounded part; a compress.

Bolster (n.) Anything arranged to act as a support, as in various forms of mechanism, etc.

Bolster (n.) A cushioned or a piece part of a saddle.

Bolster (n.) A cushioned or a piece of soft wood covered with tarred canvas, placed on the trestletrees and against the mast, for the collars of the shrouds to rest on, to prevent chafing.

Bolster (n.) Anything used to prevent chafing.

Bolster (n.) A plate of iron or a mass of wood under the end of a bridge girder, to keep the girder from resting directly on the abutment.

Bolster (n.) A transverse bar above the axle of a wagon, on which the bed or body rests.

Bolster (n.) The crossbeam forming the bearing piece of the body of a railway car; the central and principal cross beam of a car truck.

Bolster (n.) the perforated plate in a punching machine on which anything rests when being punched.

Bolster (n.) That part of a knife blade which abuts upon the end of the handle.

Bolster (n.) The metallic end of a pocketknife handle.

Bolster (n.) The rolls forming the ends or sides of the Ionic capital.

Bolster (n.) A block of wood on the carriage of a siege gun, upon which the breech of the gun rests when arranged for transportation.

Bolsterer (n.) A supporter.

Bolt (n.) A shaft or missile intended to be shot from a crossbow or catapult, esp. a short, stout, blunt-headed arrow; a quarrel; an arrow, or that which resembles an arrow; a dart.

Bolt (n.) Lightning; a thunderbolt.

Bolt (n.) A strong pin, of iron or other material, used to fasten or hold something in place, often having a head at one end and screw thread cut upon the other end.

Bolt (n.) A sliding catch, or fastening, as for a door or gate; the portion of a lock which is shot or withdrawn by the action of the key.

Bolt (n.) An iron to fasten the legs of a prisoner; a shackle; a fetter.

Bolt (n.) A compact package or roll of cloth, as of canvas or silk, often containing about forty yards.

Bolt (n.) A bundle, as of oziers.

Bolt (n.) A sieve, esp. a long fine sieve used in milling for bolting flour and meal; a bolter.

Boltel (n.) See Boultel.

Bolter (n.) One who bolts; esp.: (a) A horse which starts suddenly aside. (b) A man who breaks away from his party.

Bolter (n.) One who sifts flour or meal.

Bolter (n.) An instrument or machine for separating bran from flour, or the coarser part of meal from the finer; a sieve.

Bolter (n.) A kind of fishing

Bolthead (n.) A long, straight-necked, glass vessel for chemical distillations; -- called also a matrass or receiver.

Bolthead (n.) The head of a bolt.

Bolting (n.) A darting away; a starting off or aside.

Bolting (n.) A sifting, as of flour or meal.

Bolting (n.) A private arguing of cases for practice by students, as in the Inns of Court.

Boltonite (n.) A granular mineral of a grayish or yellowish color, found in Bolton, Massachusetts. It is a silicate of magnesium, belonging to the chrysolite family.

Boltrope (n.) A rope stitched to the edges of a sail to strengthen the sail.

Boltsprit (n.) See Bowsprit.

Bolty (n.) An edible fish of the Nile (genus Chromis).

Bolus (n.) A rounded mass of anything, esp. a large pill.

Bom (n.) A large American serpent, so called from the sound it makes.

Bomb (n.) A great noise; a hollow sound.

Bomb (n.) A shell; esp. a spherical shell, like those fired from mortars. See Shell.

Bomb (n.) A bomb ketch.

Bombace (n.) Cotton; padding.

Bombard (n.) A piece of heavy ordnance formerly used for throwing stones and other ponderous missiles. It was the earliest kind of cannon.

Bombard (n.) A bombardment.

Bombard (n.) A large drinking vessel or can, or a leather bottle, for carrying liquor or beer.

Bombard (n.) Padded breeches.

Bombard (n.) See Bombardo.

Bombardier (n.) One who used or managed a bombard; an artilleryman; a gunner.

Bombardier (n.) A noncommissioned officer in the British artillery.

Bombardman (n.) One who carried liquor or beer in a can or bombard.

Bombardment (n.) An attack upon a fortress or fortified town, with shells, hot shot, rockets, etc.; the act of throwing bombs and shot into a town or fortified place.

Bombardo (n.) Alt. of Bombardon

Bombardon (n.) Originally, a deep-toned instrument of the oboe or bassoon family; thence, a bass reed stop on the organ. The name bombardon is now given to a brass instrument, the lowest of the saxhorns, in tone resembling the ophicleide.

Bombasine (n.) Same as Bombazine.

Bombast (n.) Originally, cotton, or cotton wool.

Bombast (n.) Cotton, or any soft, fibrous material, used as stuffing for garments; stuffing; padding.

Bombast (n.) Fig.: High-sounding words; an inflated style; language above the dignity of the occasion; fustian.

Bombastry (n.) Swelling words without much meaning; bombastic language; fustian.

Bombax (n.) A genus of trees, called also the silkcotton tree; also, a tree of the genus Bombax.

Bombazet Bombazette (n.) A sort of thin woolen cloth. It is of various colors, and may be plain or twilled.

Bombazine (n.) A twilled fabric for dresses, of which the warp is silk, and the weft worsted. Black bombazine has been much used for mourning garments.

Bombilate (n.) To hum; to buzz.

Bombilation (n.) A humming sound; a booming.

Bombination (n.) A humming or buzzing.

Bombolo (n.) A thin spheroidal glass retort or flask, used in the sublimation of camphor.

Bombproof (n.) A structure which heavy shot and shell will not penetrate.

Bombshell (n.) A bomb. See Bomb, n.

Bombyx (n.) A genus of moths, which includes the silkworm moth. See Silkworm.

Bon-accord (n.) Good will; good fellowship; agreement.

Bonanza (n.) In mining, a rich mine or vein of silver or gold; hence, anything which is a mine of wealth or yields a large income.

Bonapartism (n.) The policy of Bonaparte or of the Bonapartes.

Bonapartist (n.) One attached to the policy or family of Bonaparte, or of the Bonapartes.

Bonasus (n.) Alt. of Bonassus

Bonassus (n.) The aurochs or European bison. See Aurochs.

Bonbon (n.) Sugar confectionery; a sugarplum; hence, any dainty.

Bonce (n.) A boy's game played with large marbles.

Bonchretien (n.) A name given to several kinds of pears. See Bartlett.

Boncilate (n.) A substance composed of ground bone, mineral matters, etc., hardened by pressure, and used for making billiard balls, boxes, etc.

Bond (n.) That which binds, ties, fastens, or confines, or by which anything is fastened or bound, as a cord, chain, etc.; a band; a ligament; a shackle or a manacle.

Bond (n.) The state of being bound; imprisonment; captivity, restraint.

Bond (n.) A binding force or influence; a cause of union; a uniting tie; as, the bonds of fellowship.

Bond (n.) Moral or political duty or obligation.

Bond (n.) A writing under seal, by which a person binds himself, his heirs, executors, and administrators, to pay a certain sum on or before a future day appointed. This is a single bond. But usually a condition is added, that, if the obligor shall do a certain act, appear at a certain place, conform to certain rules, faithfully perform certain duties, or pay a certain sum of money, on or before a time specified, the obligation shall be void; otherwise it shall remain in full force. If the >

Bond (n.) An instrument (of the nature of the ordinary legal bond) made by a government or a corporation for purpose of borrowing money; as, a government, city, or railway bond.

Bond (n.) The state of goods placed in a bonded warehouse till the duties are paid; as, merchandise in bond.

Bond (n.) The union or tie of the several stones or bricks forming a wall. The bricks may be arranged for this purpose in several different ways, as in English or block bond (Fig. 1), where one course consists of bricks with their ends toward the face of the wall, called headers, and the next course of bricks with their lengths parallel to the face of the wall, called stretchers; Flemish bond (Fig.2), where each course consists of headers and stretchers alternately, so laid as always to bre>

Bond (n.) A unit of chemical attraction; as, oxygen has two bonds of affinity. It is often represented in graphic formulae by a short

Bond (n.) A vassal or serf; a slave.

Bondager (n.) A field worker, esp. a woman who works in the field.

Bondar (n.) A small quadruped of Bengal (Paradoxurus bondar), allied to the genet; -- called also musk cat.

Bonder (n.) One who places goods under bond or in a bonded warehouse.

Bonder (n.) A bonding stone or brick; a bondstone.

Bonder (n.) A freeholder on a small scale.

Bondholder (n.) A person who holds the bonds of a public or private corporation for the payment of money at a certain time.

Bondmaid (n.) A female slave, or one bound to service without wages, as distinguished from a hired servant.

Bondman (n.) A man slave, or one bound to service without wages.

Bondman (n.) A villain, or tenant in villenage.

Bondslave (n.) A person in a state of slavery; one whose person and liberty are subjected to the authority of a master.

Bondsman (n.) A slave; a villain; a serf; a bondman.

Bondsman (n.) A surety; one who is bound, or who gives security, for another.

Bondstone (n.) A stone running through a wall from one face to another, to bind it together; a binding stone.

Bondswoman (n.) See Bondwoman.

Bonduc (n.) See Nicker tree.

Bondwoman (n.) A woman who is a slave, or in bondage.

Bone (n.) The hard, calcified tissue of the skeleton of vertebrate animals, consisting very largely of calcic carbonate, calcic phosphate, and gelatine; as, blood and bone.

Bone (n.) One of the pieces or parts of an animal skeleton; as, a rib or a thigh bone; a bone of the arm or leg; also, any fragment of bony substance. (pl.) The frame or skeleton of the body.

Bone (n.) Anything made of bone, as a bobbin for weaving bone lace.

Bone (n.) Two or four pieces of bone held between the fingers and struck together to make a kind of music.

Bone (n.) Dice.

Bone (n.) Whalebone; hence, a piece of whalebone or of steel for a corset.

Bone (n.) Fig.: The framework of anything.

Boneache (n.) Pain in the bones.

Boneblack (n.) See Bone black, under Bone, n.

Bonedog (n.) The spiny dogfish.

Bonefish (n.) See Ladyfish.

Boneset (n.) A medicinal plant, the thoroughwort (Eupatorium perfoliatum). Its properties are diaphoretic and tonic.

Bonesetter (n.) One who sets broken or dislocated bones; -- commonly applied to one, not a regular surgeon, who makes an occupation of setting bones.

Boneshaw (n.) Sciatica.

Bonetta (n.) See Bonito.

Bonfire (n.) A large fire built in the open air, as an expression of public joy and exultation, or for amusement.

Bongrace (n.) A projecting bonnet or shade to protect the complexion; also, a wide-brimmed hat.

Bonhomie (n.) Alt. of Bonhommie

Bonhommie (n.) good nature; pleasant and easy manner.

Bonibell (n.) See Bonnibel.

Boniface (n.) An innkeeper.

Boniness (n.) The condition or quality of being bony.

Boning (n.) The clearing of bones from fish or meat.

Boning (n.) The manuring of land with bones.

Boning (n.) A method of leveling a

Bonito (n.) A large tropical fish (Orcynus pelamys) allied to the tunny. It is about three feet long, blue above, with four brown stripes on the sides. It is sometimes found on the American coast.

Bonito (n.) The skipjack (Sarda Mediterranea) of the Atlantic, an important and abundant food fish on the coast of the United States, and (S. Chilensis) of the Pacific, and other related species. They are large and active fishes, of a blue color with black oblique stripes.

Bonito (n.) The medregal (Seriola fasciata), an edible fish of the southern of the United States and the West Indies.

Bonito (n.) The cobia or crab eater (Elacate canada), an edible fish of the Middle and Southern United States.

Bonmot (n.) A witty repartee; a jest.

Bonne (n.) A female servant charged with the care of a young child.

Bonnet (n.) A headdress for men and boys; a cap.

Bonnet (n.) A soft, elastic, very durable cap, made of thick, seamless woolen stuff, and worn by men in Scotland.

Bonnet (n.) A covering for the head, worn by women, usually protecting more or less the back and sides of the head, but no part of the forehead. The shape of the bonnet varies greatly at different times; formerly the front part projected, and spread outward, like the mouth of a funnel.

Bonnet (n.) Anything resembling a bonnet in shape or use

Bonnet (n.) A small defense work at a salient angle; or a part of a parapet elevated to screen the other part from enfilade fire.

Bonnet (n.) A metallic canopy, or projection, over an opening, as a fireplace, or a cowl or hood to increase the draught of a chimney, etc.

Bonnet (n.) A frame of wire netting over a locomotive chimney, to prevent escape of sparks.

Bonnet (n.) A roofing over the cage of a mine, to protect its occupants from objects falling down the shaft.

Bonnet (n.) In pumps, a metal covering for the openings in the valve chambers.

Bonnet (n.) An additional piece of canvas laced to the foot of a jib or foresail in moderate winds.

Bonnet (n.) The second stomach of a ruminating animal.

Bonnet (n.) An accomplice of a gambler, auctioneer, etc., who entices others to bet or to bid; a decoy.

Bonnibel (n.) A handsome girl.

Bonnilass (n.) A "bonny lass"; a beautiful girl.

Bonniness (n.) The quality of being bonny; gayety; handsomeness.

Bonny (n.) A round and compact bed of ore, or a distinct bed, not communicating with a vein.

Bonnyclabber (n.) Coagulated sour milk; loppered milk; curdled milk; -- sometimes called simply clabber.

Bonspiel (n.) A cur/ing match between clubs.

Bontebok (n.) The pied antelope of South Africa (Alcelaphus pygarga). Its face and rump are white. Called also nunni.

Bonus (n.) A premium given for a loan, or for a charter or other privilege granted to a company; as the bank paid a bonus for its charter.

Bonus (n.) An extra dividend to the shareholders of a joint stock company, out of accumulated profits.

Bonus (n.) Money paid in addition to a stated compensation.

Bonze (n.) A Buddhist or Fohist priest, monk, or nun.

Booby (n.) A dunce; a stupid fellow.

Booby (n.) A swimming bird (Sula fiber or S. sula) related to the common gannet, and found in the West Indies, nesting on the bare rocks. It is so called on account of its apparent stupidity. The name is also sometimes applied to other species of gannets; as, S. piscator, the red-footed booby.

Booby (n.) A species of penguin of the antarctic seas.

Boodh (n.) Same as Buddha.

Boodhism (n.) Same as Buddhism.

Boodhist (n.) Same as Buddhist.

Boodle (n.) The whole collection or lot; caboodle.

Boodle (n.) Money given in payment for votes or political influence; bribe money; swag.

Boohoo (n.) The sailfish; -- called also woohoo.

Book (n.) A collection of sheets of paper, or similar material, blank, written, or printed, bound together; commonly, many folded and bound sheets containing continuous printing or writing.

Book (n.) A composition, written or printed; a treatise.

Book (n.) A part or subdivision of a treatise or literary work; as, the tenth book of "Paradise Lost."

Book (n.) A volume or collection of sheets in which accounts are kept; a register of debts and credits, receipts and expenditures, etc.

Book (n.) Six tricks taken by one side, in the game of whist; in certain other games, two or more corresponding cards, forming a set.

Bookbinder (n.) One whose occupation is to bind books.

Bookbindery (n.) A bookbinder's shop; a place or establishment for binding books.

Bookbinding (n.) The art, process, or business of binding books.

Bookcase (n.) A case with shelves for holding books, esp. one with glazed doors.

Bookcraft (n.) Authorship; literary skill.

Booker (n.) One who enters accounts or names, etc., in a book; a bookkeeper.

Bookful (n.) As much as will fill a book; a book full.

Bookholder (n.) A prompter at a theater.

Bookholder (n.) A support for a book, holding it open, while one reads or copies from it.

Bookkeeper (n.) One who keeps accounts; one who has the charge of keeping the books and accounts in an office.

Bookkeeping (n.) The art of recording pecuniary or business transactions in a regular and systematic manner, so as to show their relation to each other, and the state of the business in which they occur; the art of keeping accounts. The books commonly used are a daybook, cashbook, journal, and ledger. See Daybook, Cashbook, Journal, and Ledger.

Bookland (n.) Alt. of Bockland

Bockland (n.) Charter land held by deed under certain rents and free services, which differed in nothing from free socage lands. This species of tenure has given rise to the modern freeholds.

Booklet (n.) A little book.

Bookmaker (n.) One who writes and publishes books; especially, one who gathers his materials from other books; a compiler.

Bookmaker (n.) A betting man who "makes a book." See To make a book, under Book, n.

Bookman (n.) A studious man; a scholar.

Bookmark (n.) Something placed in a book to guide in finding a particular page or passage; also, a label in a book to designate the owner; a bookplate.

Bookmate (n.) A schoolfellow; an associate in study.

Bookmonger (n.) A dealer in books.

Bookplate (n.) A label, placed upon or in a book, showing its ownership or its position in a library.

Bookseller (n.) One who sells books.

Bookselling (n.) The employment of selling books.

Bookshelf (n.) A shelf to hold books.

Bookshop (n.) A bookseller's shop.

Bookstall (n.) A stall or stand where books are sold.

Bookstand (n.) A place or stand for the sale of books in the streets; a bookstall.

Bookstand (n.) A stand to hold books for reading or reference.

Bookstore (n.) A store where books are kept for sale; -- called in England a bookseller's shop.

Bookwork (n.) Work done upon a book or books (as in a printing office), in distinction from newspaper or job work.

Bookwork (n.) Study; application to books.

Bookworm (n.) Any larva of a beetle or moth, which is injurious to books. Many species are known.

Bookworm (n.) A student closely attached to books or addicted to study; a reader without appreciation.

Booly (n.) A company of Irish herdsmen, or a single herdsman, wandering from place to place with flocks and herds, and living on their milk, like the Tartars; also, a place in the mountain pastures inclosed for the shelter of cattle or their keepers.

Boom (n.) A long pole or spar, run out for the purpose of extending the bottom of a particular sail; as, the jib boom, the studding-sail boom, etc.

Boom (n.) A long spar or beam, projecting from the mast of a derrick, from the outer end of which the body to be lifted is suspended.

Boom (n.) A pole with a conspicuous top, set up to mark the channel in a river or harbor.

Boom (n.) A strong chain cable, or

Boom (n.) A

Boom (n.) A hollow roar, as of waves or cannon; also, the hollow cry of the bittern; a booming.

Boom (n.) A strong and extensive advance, with more or less noisy excitement; -- applied colloquially or humorously to market prices, the demand for stocks or commodities and to political chances of aspirants to office; as, a boom in the stock market; a boom in coffee.

Boomdas (n.) A small African hyracoid mammal (Dendrohyrax arboreus) resembling the daman.

Boomer (n.) One who, or that which, booms.

Boomer (n.) A North American rodent, so named because it is said to make a booming noise. See Sewellel.

Boomer (n.) A large male kangaroo.

Boomer (n.) One who works up a "boom".

Boomerang (n.) A very singular missile weapon used by the natives of Australia and in some parts of India. It is usually a curved stick of hard wood, from twenty to thirty inches in length, from two to three inches wide, and half or three quarters of an inch thick. When thrown from the hand with a quick rotary motion, it describes very remarkable curves, according to the shape of the instrument and the manner of throwing it, often moving nearly horizontally a long distance, then curving upw>

Booming (n.) The act of producing a hollow or roaring sound; a violent rushing with heavy roar; as, the booming of the sea; a deep, hollow sound; as, the booming of bitterns.

Boomkin (n.) Same as Bumkin.

Boomorah (n.) A small West African chevrotain (Hyaemoschus aquaticus), resembling the musk deer.

Boomslange (n.) A large South African tree snake (Bucephalus Capensis). Although considered venomous by natives, it has no poison fangs.

Boon (n.) A prayer or petition.

Boon (n.) That which is asked or granted as a benefit or favor; a gift; a benefaction; a grant; a present.

Boon (n.) Good; prosperous; as, boon voyage.

Boon (n.) Kind; bountiful; benign.

Boon (n.) Gay; merry; jovial; convivial.

Boon (n.) The woody portion flax, which is separated from the fiber as refuse matter by retting, braking, and scutching.

Boor (n.) A husbandman; a peasant; a rustic; esp. a clownish or unrefined countryman.

Boor (n.) A Dutch, German, or Russian peasant; esp. a Dutch colonist in South Africa, Guiana, etc.: a boer.

Boor (n.) A rude ill-bred person; one who is clownish in manners.

Boort (n.) See Bort.

Boose (n.) A stall or a crib for an ox, cow, or other animal.

Booser (n.) A toper; a guzzler. See Boozer.

Boost (n.) A push from behind, as to one who is endeavoring to climb; help.

Boot (n.) Remedy; relief; amends; reparation; hence, one who brings relief.

Boot (n.) That which is given to make an exchange equal, or to make up for the deficiency of value in one of the things exchanged.

Boot (n.) Profit; gain; advantage; use.

Boot (n.) A covering for the foot and lower part of the leg, ordinarily made of leather.

Boot (n.) An instrument of torture for the leg, formerly used to extort confessions, particularly in Scotland.

Boot (n.) A place at the side of a coach, where attendants rode; also, a low outside place before and behind the body of the coach.

Boot (n.) A place for baggage at either end of an old-fashioned stagecoach.

Boot (n.) An apron or cover (of leather or rubber cloth) for the driving seat of a vehicle, to protect from rain and mud.

Boot (n.) The metal casing and flange fitted about a pipe where it passes through a roof.

Boot (n.) Booty; spoil.

Bootblack (n.) One who blacks boots.

Bootee (n.) A half boot or short boot.

Bootes (n.) A northern constellation, containing the bright star Arcturus.

Booth (n.) A house or shed built of boards, boughs, or other slight materials, for temporary occupation.

Booth (n.) A covered stall or temporary structure in a fair or market, or at a polling place.

Boothose (n.) Stocking hose, or spatterdashes, in lieu of boots.

Boothose (n.) Hose made to be worn with boots, as by travelers on horseback.

Boothy (n.) See Bothy.

Bootikin (n.) A little boot, legging, or gaiter.

Bootikin (n.) A covering for the foot or hand, worn as a cure for the gout.

Booting (n.) Advantage; gain; gain by plunder; booty.

Booting (n.) A kind of torture. See Boot, n., 2.

Booting (n.) A kicking, as with a booted foot.

Bootjack (n.) A device for pulling off boots.

Bootlick (n.) A toady.

Bootmaker (n.) One who makes boots.

Boots (n.) A servant at a hotel or elsewhere, who cleans and blacks the boots and shoes.

Boottopping (n.) The act or process of daubing a vessel's bottom near the surface of the water with a mixture of tallow, sulphur, and resin, as a temporary protection against worms, after the slime, shells, etc., have been scraped off.

Boottopping (n.) Sheathing a vessel with planking over felt.

Boottree (n.) An instrument to stretch and widen the leg of a boot, consisting of two pieces, together shaped like a leg, between which, when put into the boot, a wedge is driven.

Booty (n.) That which is seized by violence or obtained by robbery, especially collective spoil taken in war; plunder; pillage.

Booze (n.) A carouse; a drinking.

Boozer (n.) One who boozes; a toper; a guzzler of alcoholic liquors; a bouser.

Bopeep (n.) The act of looking out suddenly, as from behind a screen, so as to startle some one (as by children in play), or of looking out and drawing suddenly back, as if frightened.

Borachte (n.) A large leather bottle for liquors, etc., made of the skin of a goat or other animal. Hence: A drunkard.

Boracite (n.) A mineral of a white or gray color occurring massive and in isometric crystals; in composition it is a magnesium borate with magnesium chloride.

Borage (n.) A mucilaginous plant of the genus Borago (B. officinalis), which is used, esp. in France, as a demulcent and diaphoretic.

Boragewort (n.) Plant of the Borage family.

Boramez (n.) See Barometz.

Borate (n.) A salt formed by the combination of boric acid with a base or positive radical.

Borax (n.) A white or gray crystal

Borborygm (n.) A rumbling or gurgling noise produced by wind in the bowels.

Bord (n.) A board; a table.

Bord (n.) The face of coal parallel to the natural fissures.

Bord (n.) See Bourd.

Bordage (n.) The base or servile tenure by which a bordar held his cottage.

Bordar (n.) A villein who rendered menial service for his cottage; a cottier.

Bordeaux (n.) A claret wine from Bordeaux.

Bordel (n.) Alt. of Bordello

Bordello (n.) A brothel; a bawdyhouse; a house devoted to prostitution.

Bordeller (n.) A keeper or a frequenter of a brothel.

Border (n.) The outer part or edge of anything, as of a garment, a garden, etc.; margin; verge; brink.

Border (n.) A boundary; a frontier of a state or of the settled part of a country; a frontier district.

Border (n.) A strip or stripe arranged along or near the edge of something, as an ornament or finish.

Border (n.) A narrow flower bed.

Borderer (n.) One who dwells on a border, or at the extreme part or confines of a country, region, or tract of land; one who dwells near to a place or region.

Bordland (n.) Either land held by a bordar, or the land which a lord kept for the maintenance of his board, or table.

Bordlode (n.) The service formerly required of a tenant, to carry timber from the woods to the lord's house.

Bordman (n.) A bordar; a tenant in bordage.

Bordrag (n.) Alt. of Bordraging

Bordraging (n.) An incursion upon the borders of a country; a raid.

Bordure (n.) A border one fifth the width of the shield, surrounding the field. It is usually plain, but may be charged.

Bore (n.) A hole made by boring; a perforation.

Bore (n.) The internal cylindrical cavity of a gun, cannon, pistol, or other firearm, or of a pipe or tube.

Bore (n.) The size of a hole; the interior diameter of a tube or gun barrel; the caliber.

Bore (n.) A tool for making a hole by boring, as an auger.

Bore (n.) Caliber; importance.

Bore (n.) A person or thing that wearies by prolixity or dullness; a tiresome person or affair; any person or thing which causes ennui.

Bore (n.) A tidal flood which regularly or occasionally rushes into certain rivers of peculiar configuration or location, in one or more waves which present a very abrupt front of considerable height, dangerous to shipping, as at the mouth of the Amazon, in South America, the Hoogly and Indus, in India, and the Tsien-tang, in China.

Bore (n.) Less properly, a very high and rapid tidal flow, when not so abrupt, such as occurs at the Bay of Fundy and in the British Channel.

Boreas (n.) The north wind; -- usually a personification.

Borecole (n.) A brassicaceous plant of many varieties, cultivated for its leaves, which are not formed into a compact head like the cabbage, but are loose, and are generally curled or wrinkled; kale.

Boredom (n.) The state of being bored, or pestered; a state of ennui.

Boredom (n.) The realm of bores; bores, collectively.

Boree (n.) Same as BourrEe.

Borel (n.) See Borrel.

Borele (n.) The smaller two-horned rhinoceros of South Africa (Atelodus bicornis).

Borer (n.) One that bores; an instrument for boring.

Borer (n.) A marine, bivalve mollusk, of the genus Teredo and allies, which burrows in wood. See Teredo.

Borer (n.) Any bivalve mollusk (Saxicava, Lithodomus, etc.) which bores into limestone and similar substances.

Borer (n.) One of the larvae of many species of insects, which penetrate trees, as the apple, peach, pine, etc. See Apple borer, under Apple.

Borer (n.) The hagfish (Myxine).

Boride (n.) A binary compound of boron with a more positive or basic element or radical; -- formerly called boruret.

Boring (n.) The act or process of one who, or that which, bores; as, the boring of cannon; the boring of piles and ship timbers by certain marine mollusks.

Boring (n.) A hole made by boring.

Boring (n.) The chips or fragments made by boring.

Borneol (n.) A rare variety of camphor, C10H17.OH, resembling ordinary camphor, from which it can be produced by reduction. It is said to occur in the camphor tree of Borneo and Sumatra (Dryobalanops camphora), but the natural borneol is rarely found in European or American commerce, being in great request by the Chinese. Called also Borneo camphor, Malay camphor, and camphol.

Bornite (n.) A valuable ore of copper, containing copper, iron, and sulphur; -- also called purple copper ore (or erubescite), in allusion to the colors shown upon the slightly tarnished surface.

Borofluoride (n.) A double fluoride of boron and hydrogen, or some other positive element, or radical; -- called also fluoboride, and formerly fluoborate.

Boroglyceride (n.) A compound of boric acid and glycerin, used as an antiseptic.

Boron (n.) A nonmetallic element occurring abundantly in borax. It is reduced with difficulty to the free state, when it can be obtained in several different forms; viz., as a substance of a deep olive color, in a semimetallic form, and in colorless quadratic crystals similar to the diamond in hardness and other properties. It occurs in nature also in boracite, datolite, tourma

Borosilicate (n.) A double salt of boric and silicic acids, as in the natural minerals tourma

Borough (n.) In England, an incorporated town that is not a city; also, a town that sends members to parliament; in Scotland, a body corporate, consisting of the inhabitants of a certain district, erected by the sovereign, with a certain jurisdiction; in America, an incorporated town or village, as in Pennsylvania and Connecticut.

Borough (n.) The collective body of citizens or inhabitants of a borough; as, the borough voted to lay a tax.

Borough (n.) An association of men who gave pledges or sureties to the king for the good behavior of each other.

Borough (n.) The pledge or surety thus given.

Borough-English (n.) A custom, as in some ancient boroughs, by which lands and tenements descend to the youngest son, instead of the eldest; or, if the owner have no issue, to the youngest brother.

Boroughhead (n.) See Headborough.

Boroughholder (n.) A headborough; a borsholder.

Boroughmaster (n.) The mayor, governor, or bailiff of a borough.

Boroughmonger (n.) One who buys or sells the parliamentary seats of boroughs.

Boroughmongering (n.) Alt. of Boroughmongery

Boroughmongery (n.) The practices of a boroughmonger.

Borracho (n.) See Borachio.

Borrel (n.) Coarse woolen cloth; hence, coarse clothing; a garment.

Borrel (n.) A kind of light stuff, of silk and wool.

Borrel (n.) Ignorant, unlearned; belonging to the laity.

Borrow (n.) Something deposited as security; a pledge; a surety; a hostage.

Borrow (n.) The act of borrowing.

Borrower (n.) One who borrows.

Bort (n.) Imperfectly crystallized or coarse diamonds, or fragments made in cutting good diamonds which are reduced to powder and used in lapidary work.

Boruret (n.) A boride.

Borwe (n.) Pledge; borrow.

Bos (n.) A genus of ruminant quadrupeds, including the wild and domestic cattle, distinguished by a stout body, hollow horns, and a large fold of skin hanging from the neck.

Bosa (n.) A drink, used in the East. See Boza.

Boscage (n.) A growth of trees or shrubs; underwood; a thicket; thick foliage; a wooded landscape.

Boscage (n.) Food or sustenance for cattle, obtained from bushes and trees; also, a tax on wood.

Bosh (n.) Figure; out

Bosh (n.) Empty talk; contemptible nonsense; trash; humbug.

Bosh (n.) One of the sloping sides of the lower part of a blast furnace; also, one of the hollow iron or brick sides of the bed of a puddling or boiling furnace.

Bosh (n.) The lower part of a blast furnace, which slopes inward, or the widest space at the top of this part.

Bosh (n.) In forging and smelting, a trough in which tools and ingots are cooled.

Boshbok (n.) A kind of antelope. See Bush buck.

Boshvark (n.) The bush hog. See under Bush, a thicket.

Bosjesman (n.) See Bushman.

Bosk (n.) A thicket; a small wood.

Boskage (n.) Same as Boscage.

Bosket (n.) Alt. of Bosquet

Bosquet (n.) A grove; a thicket; shrubbery; an inclosure formed by branches of trees, regularly or irregularly disposed.

Boskiness (n.) Boscage; also, the state or quality of being bosky.

Bosom (n.) The breast of a human being; the part, between the arms, to which anything is pressed when embraced by them.

Bosom (n.) The breast, considered as the seat of the passions, affections, and operations of the mind; consciousness; secret thoughts.

Bosom (n.) Embrace; loving or affectionate inclosure; fold.

Bosom (n.) Any thing or place resembling the breast; a supporting surface; an inner recess; the interior; as, the bosom of the earth.

Bosom (n.) The part of the dress worn upon the breast; an article, or a portion of an article, of dress to be worn upon the breast; as, the bosom of a shirt; a

Bosom (n.) Inclination; desire.

Bosom (n.) A depression round the eye of a millstone.

Boson (n.) See Boatswain.

Bosporus (n.) A strait or narrow sea between two seas, or a lake and a seas; as, the Bosporus (formerly the Thracian Bosporus) or Strait of Constantinople, between the Black Sea and Sea of Marmora; the Cimmerian Bosporus, between the Black Sea and Sea of Azof.

Bosquet (n.) See Bosket.

Boss (n.) Any protuberant part; a round, swelling part or body; a knoblike process; as, a boss of wood.

Boss (n.) A protuberant ornament on any work, either of different material from that of the work or of the same, as upon a buckler or bridle; a stud; a knob; the central projection of a shield. See Umbilicus.

Boss (n.) A projecting ornament placed at the intersection of the ribs of ceilings, whether vaulted or flat, and in other situations.

Boss (n.) A wooden vessel for the mortar used in tiling or masonry, hung by a hook from the laths, or from the rounds of a ladder.

Boss (n.) The enlarged part of a shaft, on which a wheel is keyed, or at the end, where it is coupled to another.

Boss (n.) A swage or die used for shaping metals.

Boss (n.) A head or reservoir of water.

Boss (n.) A master workman or superintendent; a director or manager; a political dictator.

Bossage (n.) A stone in a building, left rough and projecting, to be afterward carved into shape.

Bossage (n.) Rustic work, consisting of stones which seem to advance beyond the level of the building, by reason of indentures or channels left in the joinings.

Bosset (n.) A rudimental antler of a young male of the red deer.

Bossism (n.) The rule or practices of bosses, esp. political bosses.

Bossy (n.) A cow or calf; -- familiarly so called.

Boston (n.) A game at cards, played by four persons, with two packs of fifty-two cards each; -- said to be so called from Boston, Massachusetts, and to have been invented by officers of the French army in America during the Revolutionary war.

Boswellism (n.) The style of Boswell.

Bot (n.) See Bots.

Botanist (n.) One skilled in botany; one versed in the knowledge of plants.

Botanizer (n.) One who botanizes.

Botanologer (n.) A botanist.

Botanology (n.) The science of botany.

Botanomancy (n.) An ancient species of divination by means of plants, esp. sage and fig leaves.

Botargo (n.) A sort of cake or sausage, made of the salted roes of the mullet, much used on the coast of the Mediterranean as an incentive to drink.

Botch (n.) A swelling on the skin; a large ulcerous affection; a boil; an eruptive disease.

Botch (n.) A patch put on, or a part of a garment patched or mended in a clumsy manner.

Botch (n.) Work done in a bungling manner; a clumsy performance; a piece of work, or a place in work, marred in the doing, or not properly finished; a bungle.

Botch (n.) To mark with, or as with, botches.

Botch (n.) To repair; to mend; esp. to patch in a clumsy or imperfect manner, as a garment; -- sometimes with up.

Botch (n.) To put together unsuitably or unskillfully; to express or perform in a bungling manner; to spoil or mar, as by unskillful work.

Botcher (n.) One who mends or patches, esp. a tailor or cobbler.

Botcher (n.) A clumsy or careless workman; a bungler.

Botcher (n.) A young salmon; a grilse.

Botchery (n.) A botching, or that which is done by botching; clumsy or careless workmanship.

Bote (n.) Compensation; amends; satisfaction; expiation; as, man bote, a compensation or a man slain.

Bote (n.) Payment of any kind.

Bote (n.) A privilege or allowance of necessaries.

Botfly (n.) A dipterous insect of the family (Estridae, of many different species, some of which are particularly troublesome to domestic animals, as the horse, ox, and sheep, on which they deposit their eggs. A common species is one of the botflies of the horse (Gastrophilus equi), the larvae of which (bots) are taken into the stomach of the animal, where they live several months and pass through their larval states. In tropical America one species sometimes lives under the human skin, and>

Bother (n.) One who, or that which, bothers; state of perplexity or annoyance; embarrassment; worry; disturbance; petty trouble; as, to be in a bother.

Botheration (n.) The act of bothering, or state of being bothered; cause of trouble; perplexity; annoyance; vexation.

Botherer (n.) One who bothers.

Both-hands (n.) A factotum.

Bothie (n.) Same as Bothy.

Bothrenchyma (n.) Dotted or pitted ducts or vessels forming the pores seen in many kinds of wood.

Bothy (n.) Alt. of Boothy

Boothy (n.) A wooden hut or humble cot, esp. a rude hut or barrack for unmarried farm servants; a shepherd's or hunter's hut; a booth.

Botryogen (n.) A hydrous sulphate of iron of a deep red color. It often occurs in botryoidal form.

Botryolite (n.) A variety of datolite, usually having a botryoidal structure.

Bottine (n.) A small boot; a lady's boot.

Bottine (n.) An appliance resembling a small boot furnished with straps, buckles, etc., used to correct or prevent distortions in the lower extremities of children.

Bottle (n.) A hollow vessel, usually of glass or earthenware (but formerly of leather), with a narrow neck or mouth, for holding liquids.

Bottle (n.) The contents of a bottle; as much as a bottle contains; as, to drink a bottle of wine.

Bottle (n.) Fig.: Intoxicating liquor; as, to drown one's reason in the bottle.

Bottle (n.) A bundle, esp. of hay.

Bottlehead (n.) A cetacean allied to the grampus; -- called also bottle-nosed whale.

Bottleholder (n.) One who attends a pugilist in a prize fight; -- so called from the bottle of water of which he has charge.

Bottleholder (n.) One who assists or supports another in a contest; an abettor; a backer.

Bottle-nose (n.) A cetacean of the Dolphin family, of several species, as Delphinus Tursio and Lagenorhyncus leucopleurus, of Europe.

Bottle-nose (n.) The puffin.

Bottler (n.) One who bottles wine, beer, soda water, etc.

Bottlescrew (n.) A corkscrew.

Bottling (n.) The act or the process of putting anything into bottles (as beer, mineral water, etc.) and corking the bottles.

Bottom (n.) The lowest part of anything; the foot; as, the bottom of a tree or well; the bottom of a hill, a lane, or a page.

Bottom (n.) The part of anything which is beneath the contents and supports them, as the part of a chair on which a person sits, the circular base or lower head of a cask or tub, or the plank floor of a ship's hold; the under surface.

Bottom (n.) That upon which anything rests or is founded, in a literal or a figurative sense; foundation; groundwork.

Bottom (n.) The bed of a body of water, as of a river, lake, sea.

Bottom (n.) The fundament; the buttocks.

Bottom (n.) An abyss.

Bottom (n.) Low land formed by alluvial deposits along a river; low-lying ground; a dale; a valley.

Bottom (n.) The part of a ship which is ordinarily under water; hence, the vessel itself; a ship.

Bottom (n.) Power of endurance; as, a horse of a good bottom.

Bottom (n.) Dregs or grounds; lees; sediment.

Bottom (n.) A ball or skein of thread; a cocoon.

Bottomry (n.) A contract in the nature of a mortgage, by which the owner of a ship, or the master as his agent, hypothecates and binds the ship (and sometimes the accruing freight) as security for the repayment of money advanced or lent for the use of the ship, if she terminates her voyage successfully. If the ship is lost by perils of the sea, the lender loses the money; but if the ship arrives safe, he is to receive the money lent, with the interest or premium stipulated, although it may,>

Bouche (n.) Same as Bush, a lining.

Bouche (n.) Alt. of Bouch

Bouch (n.) A mouth.

Bouch (n.) An allowance of meat and drink for the tables of inferior officers or servants in a nobleman's palace or at court.

Boud (n.) A weevil; a worm that breeds in malt, biscuit, etc.

Boudoir (n.) A small room, esp. if pleasant, or elegantly furnished, to which a lady may retire to be alone, or to receive intimate friends; a lady's (or sometimes a gentleman's) private room.

Bouffe (n.) Comic opera. See Opera Bouffe.

Bougainvillaea (n.) A genus of plants of the order Nyctoginaceae, from tropical South America, having the flowers surrounded by large bracts.

Bouge (n.) Bouche (see Bouche, 2); food and drink; provisions.

Bouget (n.) A charge representing a leather vessel for carrying water; -- also called water bouget.

Bough (n.) An arm or branch of a tree, esp. a large arm or main branch.

Bough (n.) A gallows.

Bought (n.) A flexure; a bend; a twist; a turn; a coil, as in a rope; as the boughts of a serpent.

Bought (n.) The part of a sling that contains the stone.

Bougie (n.) A long, flexible instrument, that is

Bougie (n.) A long slender rod consisting of gelatin or some other substance that melts at the temperature of the body. It is impregnated with medicine, and designed for introduction into urethra, etc.

Bouilli (n.) Boiled or stewed meat; beef boiled with vegetables in water from which its gravy is to be made; beef from which bouillon or soup has been made.

Bouillon (n.) A nutritious liquid food made by boiling beef, or other meat, in water; a clear soup or broth.

Bouillon (n.) An excrescence on a horse's frush or frog.

Bouk (n.) The body.

Bouk (n.) Bulk; volume.

Boul (n.) A curved handle.

Boulangerite (n.) A mineral of a bluish gray color and metallic luster, usually in plumose masses, also compact. It is a sulphide of antimony and lead.

Boulder (n.) Same as Bowlder.

Boule (n.) Alt. of Boulework

Boulework (n.) Same as Buhl, Buhlwork.

Boulevard (n.) Originally, a bulwark or rampart of fortification or fortified town.

Boulevard (n.) A public walk or street occupying the site of demolished fortifications. Hence: A broad avenue in or around a city.

Bouleversement (n.) Complete overthrow; disorder; a turning upside down.

Buolt (n.) Corrupted form Bolt.

Boultel (n.) Alt. of Boultin

Boultin (n.) A molding, the convexity of which is one fourth of a circle, being a member just below the abacus in the Tuscan and Roman Doric capital; a torus; an ovolo.

Boultin (n.) One of the shafts of a clustered column.

Boulter (n.) A long, stout fishing

Bounce (n.) A sudden leap or bound; a rebound.

Bounce (n.) A heavy, sudden, and often noisy, blow or thump.

Bounce (n.) An explosion, or the noise of one.

Bounce (n.) Bluster; brag; untruthful boasting; audacious exaggeration; an impudent lie; a bouncer.

Bounce (n.) A dogfish of Europe (Scyllium catulus).

Bouncer (n.) One who bounces; a large, heavy person who makes much noise in moving.

Bouncer (n.) A boaster; a bully.

Bouncer (n.) A bold lie; also, a liar.

Bouncer (n.) Something big; a good stout example of the kind.

Bound (n.) The external or limiting

Bound (n.) A leap; an elastic spring; a jump.

Bound (n.) Rebound; as, the bound of a ball.

Bound (n.) Spring from one foot to the other.

Boundary (n.) That which indicates or fixes a limit or extent, or marks a bound, as of a territory; a bounding or separating

Bounder (n.) One who, or that which, limits; a boundary.

Bountihead (n.) Alt. of Bountyhood

Bountyhood (n.) Goodness; generosity.

Bounty (n.) Goodness, kindness; virtue; worth.

Bounty (n.) Liberality in bestowing gifts or favors; gracious or liberal giving; generosity; munificence.

Bounty (n.) That which is given generously or liberally.

Bounty (n.) A premium offered or given to induce men to enlist into the public service; or to encourage any branch of industry, as husbandry or manufactures.

Bouquet (n.) A nosegay; a bunch of flowers.

Bouquet (n.) A perfume; an aroma; as, the bouquet of wine.

Bouquetin (n.) The ibex.

Bour (n.) A chamber or a cottage.

Bourbon (n.) A member of a family which has occupied several European thrones, and whose descendants still claim the throne of France.

Bourbon (n.) A politician who is behind the age; a ruler or politician who neither forgets nor learns anything; an obstinate conservative.

Bourbonism (n.) The principles of those adhering to the house of Bourbon; obstinate conservatism.

Bourbonist (n.) One who adheres to the house of Bourbon; a legitimist.

Bourd (n.) A jest.

Bourder (n.) A jester.

Bourdon (n.) A pilgrim's staff.

Bourdon (n.) A drone bass, as in a bagpipe, or a hurdy-gurdy. See Burden (of a song.)

Bourdon (n.) A kind of organ stop.

Bourgeois (n.) A size of type between long primer and brevier. See Type.

Bourgeois (n.) A man of middle rank in society; one of the shopkeeping class.

Bourgeoisie (n.) The French middle class, particularly such as are concerned in, or dependent on, trade.

Bouri (n.) A mullet (Mugil capito) found in the rivers of Southern Europe and in Africa.

Bourn (n.) Alt. of Bourne

Bourne (n.) A bound; a boundary; a limit. Hence: Point aimed at; goal.

Bournonite (n.) A mineral of a steel-gray to black color and metallic luster, occurring crystallized, often in twin crystals shaped like cogwheels (wheel ore), also massive. It is a sulphide of antimony, lead, and copper.

Bournous (n.) See Burnoose.

Bourree (n.) An old French dance tune in common time.

Bourse (n.) An exchange, or place where merchants, bankers, etc., meet for business at certain hours; esp., the Stock Exchange of Paris.

Bouse (n.) Drink, esp. alcoholic drink; also, a carouse; a booze.

Bouser (n.) A toper; a boozer.

Boustrophedon (n.) An ancient mode of writing, in alternate directions, one

Bout (n.) As much of an action as is performed at one time; a going and returning, as of workmen in reaping, mowing, etc.; a turn; a round.

Bout (n.) A conflict; contest; attempt; trial; a set-to at anything; as, a fencing bout; a drinking bout.

Boutade (n.) An outbreak; a caprice; a whim.

Boutefeu (n.) An incendiary; an inciter of quarrels.

Boutonniere (n.) A bouquet worn in a buttonhole.

Bovate (n.) An oxgang, or as much land as an ox can plow in a year; an ancient measure of land, of indefinite quantity, but usually estimated at fifteen acres.

Bow (n.) An inclination of the head, or a bending of the body, in token of reverence, respect, civility, or submission; an obeisance; as, a bow of deep humility.

Bow (n.) The bending or rounded part of a ship forward; the stream or prow.

Bow (n.) One who rows in the forward part of a boat; the bow oar.

Bowbell (n.) One born within hearing distance of Bow-bells; a cockney.

Bow-compass (n.) An arcograph.

Bow-compass (n.) A small pair of compasses, one leg of which carries a pencil, or a pen, for drawing circles. Its legs are often connected by a bow-shaped spring, instead of by a joint.

Bow-compass (n.) A pair of compasses, with a bow or arched plate riveted to one of the legs, and passing through the other.

Bowel (n.) One of the intestines of an animal; an entrail, especially of man; a gut; -- generally used in the plural.

Bowel (n.) Hence, figuratively: The interior part of anything; as, the bowels of the earth.

Bowel (n.) The seat of pity or kindness. Hence: Tenderness; compassion.

Bowel (n.) Offspring.

Bowenite (n.) A hard, compact variety of serpentine found in Rhode Island. It is of a light green color and resembles jade.

Bower (n.) One of the two highest cards in the pack commonly used in the game of euchre.

Bower (n.) Anciently, a chamber; a lodging room; esp., a lady's private apartment.

Bower (n.) A rustic cottage or abode; poetically, an attractive abode or retreat.

Bower (n.) A shelter or covered place in a garden, made with boughs of trees or vines, etc., twined together; an arbor; a shady recess.

Bower (n.) A young hawk, when it begins to leave the nest.

Bowery (n.) A farm or plantation with its buildings.

Bowess (n.) Same as Bower.

Bowfin (n.) A voracious ganoid fish (Amia calva) found in the fresh waters of the United States; the mudfish; -- called also Johnny Grindle, and dogfish.

Bowgrace (n.) A frame or fender of rope or junk, laid out at the sides or bows of a vessel to secure it from injury by floating ice.

Bowhead (n.) The great Arctic or Greenland whale. (Balaena mysticetus). See Baleen, and Whale.

Bowing (n.) The act or art of managing the bow in playing on stringed instruments.

Bowing (n.) In hatmaking, the act or process of separating and distributing the fur or hair by means of a bow, to prepare it for felting.

Bowknot (n.) A knot in which a portion of the string is drawn through in the form of a loop or bow, so as to be readily untied.

Bowl (n.) A concave vessel of various forms (often approximately hemispherical), to hold liquids, etc.

Bowl (n.) Specifically, a drinking vessel for wine or other spirituous liquors; hence, convivial drinking.

Bowl (n.) The contents of a full bowl; what a bowl will hold.

Bowl (n.) The hollow part of a thing; as, the bowl of a spoon.

Bowl (n.) A ball of wood or other material used for rolling on a level surface in play; a ball of hard wood having one side heavier than the other, so as to give it a bias when rolled.

Bowl (n.) An ancient game, popular in Great Britain, played with biased balls on a level plat of greensward.

Bowl (n.) The game of tenpins or bowling.

Bowlder (n.) Alt. of Boulder

Boulder (n.) A large stone, worn smooth or rounded by the action of water; a large pebble.

Boulder (n.) A mass of any rock, whether rounded or not, that has been transported by natural agencies from its native bed. See Drift.

Bowleg (n.) A crooked leg.

Bowler (n.) One who plays at bowls, or who rolls the ball in cricket or any other game.


Bowling (n.) The act of playing at or rolling bowls, or of rolling the ball at cricket; the game of bowls or of tenpins.

Bowman (n.) A man who uses a bow; an archer.

Bowman (n.) The man who rows the foremost oar in a boat; the bow oar.

Bow-pen (n.) Bow-compasses carrying a drawing pen. See Bow-compass.

Bow-pencil (n.) Bow-compasses, one leg of which carries a pencil.

Bow-saw (n.) A saw with a thin or narrow blade set in a strong frame.

Bowse (n.) A carouse; a drinking bout; a booze.

Bowshot (n.) The distance traversed by an arrow shot from a bow.

Bowsprit (n.) A large boom or spar, which projects over the stem of a ship or other vessel, to carry sail forward.

Bowstring (n.) The string of a bow.

Bowstring (n.) A string used by the Turks for strangling offenders.

Bowtel (n.) See Boultel.

Bowwow (n.) An onomatopoetic name for a dog or its bark.

Bowyer (n.) An archer; one who uses bow.

Bowyer (n.) One who makes or sells bows.

Box (n.) A tree or shrub, flourishing in different parts of the world. The common box (Buxus sempervirens) has two varieties, one of which, the dwarf box (B. suffruticosa), is much used for borders in gardens. The wood of the tree varieties, being very hard and smooth, is extensively used in the arts, as by turners, engravers, mathematical instrument makers, etc.

Box (n.) A receptacle or case of any firm material and of various shapes.

Box (n.) The quantity that a box contain.

Box (n.) A space with a few seats partitioned off in a theater, or other place of public amusement.

Box (n.) A chest or any receptacle for the deposit of money; as, a poor box; a contribution box.

Box (n.) A small country house.

Box (n.) A boxlike shed for shelter; as, a sentry box.

Box (n.) An axle box, journal box, journal bearing, or bushing.

Box (n.) A chamber or section of tube in which a valve works; the bucket of a lifting pump.

Box (n.) The driver's seat on a carriage or coach.

Box (n.) A present in a box; a present; esp. a Christmas box or gift.

Box (n.) The square in which the pitcher stands.

Box (n.) A Mediterranean food fish; the bogue.

Box (n.) A blow on the head or ear with the hand.

Boxberry (n.) The wintergreen. (Gaultheria procumbens).

Boxer (n.) One who packs boxes.

Boxer (n.) One who boxes; a pugilist.

Boxfish (n.) The trunkfish.

Boxhauling (n.) A method of going from one tack to another. See Boxhaul.

Boxing (n.) The act of inclosing (anything) in a box, as for storage or transportation.

Boxing (n.) Material used in making boxes or casings.

Boxing (n.) Any boxlike inclosure or recess; a casing.

Boxing (n.) The external case of thin material used to bring any member to a required form.

Boxing (n.) The act of fighting with the fist; a combat with the fist; sparring.

Box-iron (n.) A hollow smoothing iron containing a heater within.

Boxkeeper (n.) An attendant at a theater who has charge of the boxes.

Boxthorn (n.) A plant of the genus Lycium, esp. Lycium barbarum.

Boxwood (n.) The wood of the box (Buxus).

Boy (n.) A male child, from birth to the age of puberty; a lad; hence, a son.

Boyar (n.) Alt. of Boyard

Boyard (n.) A member of a Russian aristocratic order abolished by Peter the Great. Also, one of a privileged class in Roumania.

Boyau (n.) A winding or zigzag trench forming a path or communication from one siegework to another, to a magazine, etc.

Boycott (n.) The process, fact, or pressure of boycotting; a combining to withhold or prevent dealing or social intercourse with a tradesman, employer, etc.; social and business interdiction for the purpose of coercion.

Boycotter (n.) A participant in boycotting.

Boycottism (n.) Methods of boycotters.

Boydekin (n.) A dagger; a bodkin.

Boyer (n.) A Flemish sloop with a castle at each end.

Boyhood (n.) The state of being a boy; the time during which one is a boy.

Boyishness (n.) The manners or behavior of a boy.

Boyism (n.) Boyhood.

Boyism (n.) The nature of a boy; childishness.

Boza (n.) An acidulated fermented drink of the Arabs and Egyptians, made from millet seed and various astringent substances; also, an intoxicating beverage made from hemp seed, darnel meal, and water.

Brabble (n.) A broil; a noisy contest; a wrangle.

Brabblement (n.) A brabble.

Brabbler (n.) A clamorous, quarrelsome, noisy fellow; a wrangler.

Brace (n.) That which holds anything tightly or supports it firmly; a bandage or a prop.

Brace (n.) A cord, ligament, or rod, for producing or maintaining tension, as a cord on the side of a drum.

Brace (n.) The state of being braced or tight; tension.

Brace (n.) A piece of material used to transmit, or change the direction of, weight or pressure; any one of the pieces, in a frame or truss, which divide the structure into triangular parts. It may act as a tie, or as a strut, and serves to prevent distortion of the structure, and transverse strains in its members. A boiler brace is a diagonal stay, connecting the head with the shell.

Brace (n.) A vertical curved

Brace (n.) A rope reeved through a block at the end of a yard, by which the yard is moved horizontally; also, a rudder gudgeon.

Brace (n.) A curved instrument or handle of iron or wood, for holding and turning bits, etc.; a bitstock.

Brace (n.) A pair; a couple; as, a brace of ducks; now rarely applied to persons, except familiarly or with some contempt.

Brace (n.) Straps or bands to sustain trousers; suspenders.

Brace (n.) Harness; warlike preparation.

Brace (n.) Armor for the arm; vantbrace.

Brace (n.) The mouth of a shaft.

Bracelet (n.) An ornamental band or ring, for the wrist or the arm; in modern times, an ornament encircling the wrist, worn by women or girls.

Bracelet (n.) A piece of defensive armor for the arm.

Bracer (n.) That which braces, binds, or makes firm; a band or bandage.

Bracer (n.) A covering to protect the arm of the bowman from the vibration of the string; also, a brassart.

Bracer (n.) A medicine, as an astringent or a tonic, which gives tension or tone to any part of the body.

Brach (n.) A bitch of the hound kind.

Brachioganoid (n.) One of the Brachioganoidei.

Brachiopod (n.) One of the Brachiopoda, or its shell.

Brachiopoda (n.) A class of Molluscoidea having a symmetrical bivalve shell, often attached by a fleshy peduncle.

Brachium (n.) The upper arm; the segment of the fore limb between the shoulder and the elbow.

Brachman (n.) See Brahman.

Brachycatalectic (n.) A verse wanting two syllables at its termination.

Brachycephaly (n.) Alt. of Brachycephalism

Brachycephalism (n.) The state or condition of being brachycephalic; shortness of head.

Brachydiagonal (n.) The shorter of the diagonals in a rhombic prism.

Brachydome (n.) A dome parallel to the shorter lateral axis. See Dome.

Brachygrapher (n.) A writer in short hand; a stenographer.

Brachygraphy (n.) Stenography.

Brachylogy (n.) Conciseness of expression; brevity.

Brachypinacoid (n.) A plane of an orthorhombic crystal which is parallel both to the vertical axis and to the shorter lateral (brachydiagonal) axis.

Brachystochrone (n.) A curve, in which a body, starting from a given point, and descending solely by the force of gravity, will reach another given point in a shorter time than it could by any other path. This curve of quickest descent, as it is sometimes called, is, in a vacuum, the same as the cycloid.

Brachyuran (n.) One of the Brachyura.

Bracing (n.) The act of strengthening, supporting, or propping, with a brace or braces; the state of being braced.

Bracing (n.) Any system of braces; braces, collectively; as, the bracing of a truss.

Brack (n.) An opening caused by the parting of any solid body; a crack or breach; a flaw.

Brack (n.) Salt or brackish water.

Bracken (n.) A brake or fern.

Bracket (n.) An architectural member, plain or ornamental, projecting from a wall or pier, to support weight falling outside of the same; also, a decorative feature seeming to discharge such an office.

Bracket (n.) A piece or combination of pieces, usually triangular in general shape, projecting from, or fastened to, a wall, or other surface, to support heavy bodies or to strengthen angles.

Bracket (n.) A shot, crooked timber, resembling a knee, used as a support.

Bracket (n.) The cheek or side of an ordnance carriage.

Bracket (n.) One of two characters [], used to inclose a reference, explanation, or note, or a part to be excluded from a sentence, to indicate an interpolation, to rectify a mistake, or to supply an omission, and for certain other purposes; -- called also crotchet.

Bracket (n.) A gas fixture or lamp holder projecting from the face of a wall, column, or the like.

Bracketing (n.) A series or group of brackets; brackets, collectively.

Brackishness (n.) The quality or state of being brackish, or somewhat salt.

Bract (n.) A leaf, usually smaller than the true leaves of a plant, from the axil of which a flower stalk arises.

Bract (n.) Any modified leaf, or scale, on a flower stalk or at the base of a flower.

Bractea (n.) A bract.

Bracteole (n.) Same as Bractlet.

Bractlet (n.) A bract on the stalk of a single flower, which is itself on a main stalk that support several flowers.

Brad (n.) A thin nail, usually small, with a slight projection at the top on one side instead of a head; also, a small wire nail, with a flat circular head; sometimes, a small, tapering, square-bodied finishing nail, with a countersunk head.

Bradoon (n.) Same as Bridoon.

Brae (n.) A hillside; a slope; a bank; a hill.

Brag (n.) A boast or boasting; bragging; ostentatious pretense or self glorification.

Brag (n.) The thing which is boasted of.

Brag (n.) A game at cards similar to bluff.

Braggadocio (n.) A braggart; a boaster; a swaggerer.

Braggadocio (n.) Empty boasting; mere brag; pretension.

Braggardism (n.) Boastfulness; act of bragging.

Bragger (n.) One who brags; a boaster.

Bragget (n.) A liquor made of ale and honey fermented, with spices, etc.

Brahma (n.) The One First Cause; also, one of the triad of Hindoo gods. The triad consists of Brahma, the Creator, Vishnu, the Preserver, and Siva, the Destroyer.

Brahma (n.) A valuable variety of large, domestic fowl, peculiar in having the comb divided lengthwise into three parts, and the legs well feathered. There are two breeds, the dark or penciled, and the light; -- called also Brahmapootra.

Brahman (n.) Alt. of Brahmin

Brahmin (n.) A person of the highest or sacerdotal caste among the Hindoos.

Brahmaness (n.) A Brahmani.

Brahmani (n.) Any Brahman woman.

Brahmanism (n.) Alt. of Brahminism

Brahminism (n.) The religion or system of doctrines of the Brahmans; the religion of Brahma.

Brahmanist (n.) Alt. of Brahminist

Brahminist (n.) An adherent of the religion of the Brahmans.

Brahmoism (n.) The religious system of Brahmo-somaj.

Brahmo-somaj (n.) A modern reforming theistic sect among the Hindoos.

Braid (n.) A plait, band, or narrow fabric formed by intertwining or weaving together different strands.

Braid (n.) A narrow fabric, as of wool, silk, or

Braid (n.) A quick motion; a start.

Braid (n.) A fancy; freak; caprice.

Braiding (n.) The act of making or using braids.

Braiding (n.) Braids, collectively; trimming.

Brail (n.) A thong of soft leather to bind up a hawk's wing.

Brail (n.) Ropes passing through pulleys, and used to haul in or up the leeches, bottoms, or corners of sails, preparatory to furling.

Brail (n.) A stock at each end of a seine to keep it stretched.

Brain (n.) The whitish mass of soft matter (the center of the nervous system, and the seat of consciousness and volition) which is inclosed in the cartilaginous or bony cranium of vertebrate animals. It is simply the anterior termination of the spinal cord, and is developed from three embryonic vesicles, whose cavities are connected with the central canal of the cord; the cavities of the vesicles become the central cavities, or ventricles, and the walls thicken unequally and become the thre>

Brain (n.) The anterior or cephalic ganglion in insects and other invertebrates.

Brain (n.) The organ or seat of intellect; hence, the understanding.

Brain (n.) The affections; fancy; imagination.

Brainpan (n.) The bones which inclose the brain; the skull; the cranium.

Braise (n.) Alt. of Braize

Braize (n.) A European marine fish (Pagrus vulgaris) allied to the American scup; the becker. The name is sometimes applied to the related species.

Braise (n.) Alt. of Braize

Braize (n.) Charcoal powder; breeze.

Braize (n.) Braised meat.

Braiser (n.) A kettle or pan for braising.

Brait (n.) A rough diamond.

Braize (n.) See Braise.

Brake (n.) A fern of the genus Pteris, esp. the P. aquilina, common in almost all countries. It has solitary stems dividing into three principal branches. Less properly: Any fern.

Brake (n.) A thicket; a place overgrown with shrubs and brambles, with undergrowth and ferns, or with canes.

Brakeman (n.) A man in charge of a brake or brakes.

Brakeman (n.) The man in charge of the winding (or hoisting) engine for a mine.

Brama (n.) See Brahma.

Bramble (n.) Any plant of the genus Rubus, including the raspberry and blackberry. Hence: Any rough, prickly shrub.

Bramble (n.) The brambling or bramble finch.

Brambling (n.) The European mountain finch (Fringilla montifringilla); -- called also bramble finch and bramble.

Brame (n.) Sharp passion; vexation.

Bran (n.) The broken coat of the seed of wheat, rye, or other cereal grain, separated from the flour or meal by sifting or bolting; the coarse, chaffy part of ground grain.

Bran (n.) The European carrion crow.

Brancard (n.) A litter on which a person may be carried.

Branch (n.) A shoot or secondary stem growing from the main stem, or from a principal limb or bough of a tree or other plant.

Branch (n.) Any division extending like a branch; any arm or part connected with the main body of thing; ramification; as, the branch of an antler; the branch of a chandelier; a branch of a river; a branch of a railway.

Branch (n.) Any member or part of a body or system; a distinct article; a section or subdivision; a department.

Branch (n.) One of the portions of a curve that extends outwards to an indefinitely great distance; as, the branches of an hyperbola.

Branch (n.) A

Branch (n.) A warrant or commission given to a pilot, authorizing him to pilot vessels in certain waters.

Brancher (n.) That which shoots forth branches; one who shows growth in various directions.

Brancher (n.) A young hawk when it begins to leave the nest and take to the branches.

Branchery (n.) A system of branches.

Branchia (n.) A gill; a respiratory organ for breathing the air contained in water, such as many aquatic and semiaquatic animals have.

Branchiness (n.) Fullness of branches.

Branching (n.) The act or state of separation into branches; division into branches; a division or branch.

Branchiomerism (n.) The state of being made up of branchiate segments.

Branchiopod (n.) One of the Branchiopoda.

Branchiostegal (n.) A branchiostegal ray. See Illustration of Branchial arches in Appendix.

Branchiostoma (n.) The lancelet. See Amphioxus.

Branchlet (n.) A little branch; a twig.

Brander (n.) One who, or that which, brands; a branding iron.

Brander (n.) A gridiron.

Brandish (n.) To move or wave, as a weapon; to raise and move in various directions; to shake or flourish.

Brandish (n.) To play with; to flourish; as, to brandish syllogisms.

Brandish (n.) A flourish, as with a weapon, whip, etc.

Brandisher (n.) One who brandishes.

Brandling (n.) Alt. of Brandlin

Brandlin (n.) Same as Branlin, fish and worm.

Brandy (n.) A strong alcoholic liquor distilled from wine. The name is also given to spirit distilled from other liquors, and in the United States to that distilled from cider and peaches. In northern Europe, it is also applied to a spirit obtained from grain.

Brandywine (n.) Brandy.

Brangle (n.) A wrangle; a squabble; a noisy contest or dispute.

Branglement (n.) Wrangle; brangle.

Brangler (n.) A quarrelsome person.

Brangling (n.) A quarrel.

Brank (n.) Buckwheat.

Brank (n.) Alt. of Branks

Branks (n.) A sort of bridle with wooden side pieces.

Branks (n.) A scolding bridle, an instrument formerly used for correcting scolding women. It was an iron frame surrounding the head and having a triangular piece entering the mouth of the scold.

Brankursine (n.) Bear's-breech, or Acanthus.

Branlin (n.) A young salmon or parr, in the stage in which it has transverse black bands, as if burned by a gridiron.

Branlin (n.) A small red worm or larva, used as bait for small fresh-water fish; -- so called from its red color.

Bransle (n.) A brawl or dance.

Brant (n.) A species of wild goose (Branta bernicla) -- called also brent and brand goose. The name is also applied to other related species.

Brantail (n.) The European redstart; -- so called from the red color of its tail.

Brant-fox (n.) A kind of fox found in Sweden (Vulpes alopex), smaller than the common fox (V. vulgaris), but probably a variety of it.

Brash (n.) A rash or eruption; a sudden or transient fit of sickness.

Brash (n.) Refuse boughs of trees; also, the clippings of hedges.

Brash (n.) Broken and angular fragments of rocks underlying alluvial deposits.

Brash (n.) Broken fragments of ice.

Brasier (n.) Alt. of Brazier

Brazier (n.) An artificer who works in brass.

Brasier (n.) Alt. of Brazier

Brazier (n.) A pan for holding burning coals.

Brass (n.) An alloy (usually yellow) of copper and zinc, in variable proportion, but often containing two parts of copper to one part of zinc. It sometimes contains tin, and rarely other metals.

Brass (n.) A journal bearing, so called because frequently made of brass. A brass is often

Brass (n.) Coin made of copper, brass, or bronze.

Brass (n.) Impudence; a brazen face.

Brass (n.) Utensils, ornaments, or other articles of brass.

Brass (n.) A brass plate engraved with a figure or device. Specifically, one used as a memorial to the dead, and generally having the portrait, coat of arms, etc.

Brass (n.) Lumps of pyrites or sulphuret of iron, the color of which is near to that of brass.

Brassage (n.) A sum formerly levied to pay the expense of coinage; -- now called seigniorage.

Brassart (n.) Armor for the arm; -- generally used for the whole arm from the shoulder to the wrist, and consisting, in the 15th and 16th centuries, of many parts.

Brasse (n.) A spotted European fish of the genus Lucioperca, resembling a perch.

Brassets (n.) See Brassart.

Brassica (n.) A genus of plants embracing several species and varieties differing much in appearance and qualities: such as the common cabbage (B. oleracea), broccoli, cauliflowers, etc.; the wild turnip (B. campestris); the common turnip (B. rapa); the rape or coleseed (B. napus), etc.

Brassiness (n.) The state, condition, or quality of being brassy.

Brat (n.) A coarse garment or cloak; also, coarse clothing, in general.

Brat (n.) A coarse kind of apron for keeping the clothes clean; a bib.

Brat (n.) A child; an offspring; -- formerly used in a good sense, but now usually in a contemptuous sense.

Brat (n.) The young of an animal.

Brat (n.) A thin bed of coal mixed with pyrites or carbonate of lime.

Bratsche (n.) The tenor viola, or viola.

Brattice (n.) A wall of separation in a shaft or gallery used for ventilation.

Brattice (n.) Planking to support a roof or wall.

Brattishing (n.) See Brattice, n.

Brattishing (n.) Carved openwork, as of a shrine, battlement, or parapet.

Braunite (n.) A native oxide of manganese, of dark brownish black color. It was named from a Mr. Braun of Gotha.

Bravade (n.) Bravado.

Bravado (n.) Boastful and threatening behavior; a boastful menace.

Brave (n.) A brave person; one who is daring.

Brave (n.) Specifically, an Indian warrior.

Brave (n.) A man daring beyond discretion; a bully.

Brave (n.) A challenge; a defiance; bravado.

Braveness (n.) The quality of state or being brave.

Bravery (n.) The quality of being brave; fearless; intrepidity.

Bravery (n.) The act of braving; defiance; bravado.

Bravery (n.) Splendor; magnificence; showy appearance; ostentation; fine dress.

Bravery (n.) A showy person; a fine gentleman; a beau.

Braving (n.) A bravado; a boast.

Bravura (n.) A florid, brilliant style of music, written for effect, to show the range and flexibility of a singer's voice, or the technical force and skill of a performer; virtuoso music.

Brawl (n.) A noisy quarrel; loud, angry contention; a wrangle; a tumult; as, a drunken brawl.

Brawler (n.) One that brawls; wrangler.

Brawn (n.) A muscle; flesh.

Brawn (n.) Full, strong muscles, esp. of the arm or leg, muscular strength; a protuberant muscular part of the body; sometimes, the arm.

Brawn (n.) The flesh of a boar; also, the salted and prepared flesh of a boar.

Brawn (n.) A boar.

Brawner (n.) A boor killed for the table.

Brawniness (n.) The quality or state of being brawny.

Braxy (n.) A disease of sheep. The term is variously applied in different localities.

Braxy (n.) A diseased sheep, or its mutton.

Bray (n.) The harsh cry of an ass; also, any harsh, grating, or discordant sound.

Bray (n.) A bank; the slope of a hill; a hill. See Brae, which is now the usual spelling.

Brayer (n.) An implement for braying and spreading ink in hand printing.

Brayer (n.) One that brays like an ass.

Brazenface (n.) An impudent or shameless person.

Brazenness (n.) The quality or state of being brazen.

Brazier (n.) Same as Brasier.

Braziletto (n.) See Brazil wood.

Brazilian (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Brazil.

Brazilin (n.) A substance contained in both Brazil wood and Sapan wood, from which it is extracted as a yellow crystal

Breach (n.) The act of breaking, in a figurative sense.

Breach (n.) Specifically: A breaking or infraction of a law, or of any obligation or tie; violation; non-fulfillment; as, a breach of contract; a breach of promise.

Breach (n.) A gap or opening made made by breaking or battering, as in a wall or fortification; the space between the parts of a solid body rent by violence; a break; a rupture.

Breach (n.) A breaking of waters, as over a vessel; the waters themselves; surge; surf.

Breach (n.) A breaking up of amicable relations; rupture.

Breach (n.) A bruise; a wound.

Breach (n.) A hernia; a rupture.

Breach (n.) A breaking out upon; an assault.

Bread (n.) An article of food made from flour or meal by moistening, kneading, and baking.

Bread (n.) Food; sustenance; support of life, in general.

Breadbasket (n.) The stomach.

Breadfruit (n.) The fruit of a tree (Artocarpus incisa) found in the islands of the Pacific, esp. the South Sea islands. It is of a roundish form, from four to six or seven inches in diameter, and, when baked, somewhat resembles bread, and is eaten as food, whence the name.

Breadfruit (n.) The tree itself, which is one of considerable size, with large, lobed leaves. Cloth is made from the bark, and the timber is used for many purposes. Called also breadfruit tree and bread tree.

Breadroot (n.) The root of a leguminous plant (Psoralea esculenta), found near the Rocky Mountains. It is usually oval in form, and abounds in farinaceous matter, affording sweet and palatable food.

Breadstuff (n.) Grain, flour, or meal of which bread is made.

Breadthwinner (n.) The member of a family whose labor supplies the food of the family; one who works for his living.

Break (n.) See Commutator.

Breakage (n.) The act of breaking; a break; a breaking; also, articles broken.

Breakage (n.) An allowance or compensation for things broken accidentally, as in transportation or use.

Break-circuit (n.) A key or other device for breaking an electrical circuit.

Breakdown (n.) The act or result of breaking down, as of a carriage; downfall.

Breakdown (n.) A noisy, rapid, shuffling dance engaged in competitively by a number of persons or pairs in succession, as among the colored people of the Southern United States, and so called, perhaps, because the exercise is continued until most of those who take part in it break down.

Breakdown (n.) Any rude, noisy dance performed by shuffling the feet, usually by one person at a time.

Breaker (n.) One who, or that which, breaks.

Breaker (n.) Specifically: A machine for breaking rocks, or for breaking coal at the mines; also, the building in which such a machine is placed.

Breaker (n.) A small water cask.

Breaker (n.) A wave breaking into foam against the shore, or against a sand bank, or a rock or reef near the surface.

Breakfast (n.) The first meal in the day, or that which is eaten at the first meal.

Breakfast (n.) A meal after fasting, or food in general.

Breakman (n.) See Brakeman.

Breakneck (n.) A fall that breaks the neck.

Breakneck (n.) A steep place endangering the neck.

Break-up (n.) Disruption; a separation and dispersion of the parts or members; as, a break-up of an assembly or dinner party; a break-up of the government.

Breakwater (n.) Any structure or contrivance, as a mole, or a wall at the mouth of a harbor, to break the force of waves, and afford protection from their violence.

Bream (n.) A European fresh-water cyprinoid fish of the genus Abramis, little valued as food. Several species are known.

Bream (n.) An American fresh-water fish, of various species of Pomotis and allied genera, which are also called sunfishes and pondfishes. See Pondfish.

Bream (n.) A marine sparoid fish of the genus Pagellus, and allied genera. See Sea Bream.

Breast (n.) The fore part of the body, between the neck and the belly; the chest; as, the breast of a man or of a horse.

Breast (n.) Either one of the protuberant glands, situated on the front of the chest or thorax in the female of man and of some other mammalia, in which milk is secreted for the nourishment of the young; a mamma; a teat.

Breast (n.) Anything resembling the human breast, or bosom; the front or forward part of anything; as, a chimney breast; a plow breast; the breast of a hill.

Breast (n.) The face of a coal working.

Breast (n.) The front of a furnace.

Breast (n.) The seat of consciousness; the repository of thought and self-consciousness, or of secrets; the seat of the affections and passions; the heart.

Breast (n.) The power of singing; a musical voice; -- so called, probably, from the connection of the voice with the lungs, which lie within the breast.

Breastband (n.) A band for the breast. Specifically: (Naut.) A band of canvas, or a rope, fastened at both ends to the rigging, to support the man who heaves the lead in sounding.

Breastbeam (n.) The front transverse beam of a locomotive.

Breastbone (n.) The bone of the breast; the sternum.

Breastfast (n.) A large rope to fasten the midship part of a ship to a wharf, or to another vessel.

Breastheight (n.) The interior slope of a fortification, against which the garrison lean in firing.

Breasthook (n.) A thick piece of timber in the form of a knee, placed across the stem of a ship to strengthen the fore part and unite the bows on each side.

Breasting (n.) The curved channel in which a breast wheel turns. It is closely adapted to the curve of the wheel through about a quarter of its circumference, and prevents the escape of the water until it has spent its force upon the wheel. See Breast wheel.

Breastknot (n.) A knot of ribbons worn on the breast.

Breastpin (n.) A pin worn on the breast for a fastening, or for ornament; a brooch.

Breastplate (n.) A plate of metal covering the breast as defensive armor.

Breastplate (n.) A piece against which the workman presses his breast in operating a breast drill, or other similar tool.

Breastplate (n.) A strap that runs across a horse's breast.

Breastplate (n.) A part of the vestment of the high priest, worn upon the front of the ephod. It was a double piece of richly embroidered stuff, a span square, set with twelve precious stones, on which were engraved the names of the twelve tribes of Israel. See Ephod.

Breastplow (n.) Alt. of Breastplough

Breastplough (n.) A kind of plow, driven by the breast of the workman; -- used to cut or pare turf.

Breastrail (n.) The upper rail of any parapet of ordinary height, as of a balcony; the railing of a quarter-deck, etc.

Breastrope (n.) See Breastband.

Breastsummer (n.) A summer or girder extending across a building flush with, and supporting, the upper part of a front or external wall; a long lintel; a girder; -- used principally above shop windows.

Breastwheel (n.) A water wheel, on which the stream of water strikes neither so high as in the overshot wheel, nor so low as in the undershot, but generally at about half the height of the wheel, being kept in contact with it by the breasting. The water acts on the float boards partly by impulse, partly by its weight.

Breastwork (n.) A defensive work of moderate height, hastily thrown up, of earth or other material.

Breastwork (n.) A railing on the quarter-deck and forecastle.

Breath (n.) The air inhaled and exhaled in respiration; air which, in the process of respiration, has parted with oxygen and has received carbonic acid, aqueous vapor, warmth, etc.

Breath (n.) The act of breathing naturally or freely; the power or capacity to breathe freely; as, I am out of breath.

Breath (n.) The power of respiration, and hence, life.

Breath (n.) Time to breathe; respite; pause.

Breath (n.) A single respiration, or the time of making it; a single act; an instant.

Breath (n.) Fig.: That which gives or strengthens life.

Breath (n.) A single word; the slightest effort; a trifle.

Breath (n.) A very slight breeze; air in gentle motion.

Breath (n.) Fragrance; exhalation; odor; perfume.

Breath (n.) Gentle exercise, causing a quicker respiration.

Breathableness (n.) State of being breathable.

Breather (n.) One who breathes. Hence: (a) One who lives.(b) One who utters. (c) One who animates or inspires.

Breather (n.) That which puts one out of breath, as violent exercise.

Breathing (n.) Respiration; the act of inhaling and exhaling air.

Breathing (n.) Air in gentle motion.

Breathing (n.) Any gentle influence or operation; inspiration; as, the breathings of the Spirit.

Breathing (n.) Aspiration; secret prayer.

Breathing (n.) Exercising; promotion of respiration.

Breathing (n.) Utterance; communication or publicity by words.

Breathing (n.) Breathing place; vent.

Breathing (n.) Stop; pause; delay.

Breathing (n.) Also, in a wider sense, the sound caused by the friction of the outgoing breath in the throat, mouth, etc., when the glottis is wide open; aspiration; the sound expressed by the letter h.

Breathing (n.) A mark to indicate aspiration or its absence. See Rough breathing, Smooth breathing, below.

Breathlessness (n.) The state of being breathless or out of breath.

Breccia (n.) A rock composed of angular fragments either of the same mineral or of different minerals, etc., united by a cement, and commonly presenting a variety of colors.

Brede (n.) Alt. of Breede

Breede (n.) Breadth.

Brede (n.) A braid.

Breech (n.) The lower part of the body behind; the buttocks.

Breech (n.) Breeches.

Breech (n.) The hinder part of anything; esp., the part of a cannon, or other firearm, behind the chamber.

Breech (n.) The external angle of knee timber, the inside of which is called the throat.

Breechblock (n.) The movable piece which closes the breech of a breech-loading firearm, and resists the backward force of the discharge. It is withdrawn for the insertion of a cartridge, and closed again before the gun is fired.

Breechcloth (n.) A cloth worn around the breech.

Breeching (n.) A whipping on the breech, or the act of whipping on the breech.

Breeching (n.) That part of a harness which passes round the breech of a horse, enabling him to hold back a vehicle.

Breeching (n.) A strong rope rove through the cascabel of a cannon and secured to ringbolts in the ship's side, to limit the recoil of the gun when it is discharged.

Breeching (n.) The sheet iron casing at the end of boilers to convey the smoke from the flues to the smokestack.

Breechloader (n.) A firearm which receives its load at the breech.

Breed (n.) A race or variety of men or other animals (or of plants), perpetuating its special or distinctive characteristics by inheritance.

Breed (n.) Class; sort; kind; -- of men, things, or qualities.

Breed (n.) A number produced at once; a brood.

Breedbate (n.) One who breeds or originates quarrels.

Breeder (n.) One who, or that which, breeds, produces, brings up, etc.

Breeder (n.) A cause.

Breeding (n.) The act or process of generating or bearing.

Breeding (n.) The raising or improving of any kind of domestic animals; as, farmers should pay attention to breeding.

Breeding (n.) Nurture; education; formation of manners.

Breeding (n.) Deportment or behavior in the external offices and decorums of social life; manners; knowledge of, or training in, the ceremonies, or polite observances of society.

Breeding (n.) Descent; pedigree; extraction.

Breeze (n.) Alt. of Breeze fly

Breeze fly (n.) A fly of various species, of the family Tabanidae, noted for buzzing about animals, and tormenting them by sucking their blood; -- called also horsefly, and gadfly. They are among the largest of two-winged or dipterous insects. The name is also given to different species of botflies.

Breeze (n.) A light, gentle wind; a fresh, soft-blowing wind.

Breeze (n.) An excited or ruffed state of feeling; a flurry of excitement; a disturbance; a quarrel; as, the discovery produced a breeze.

Breeze (n.) Refuse left in the process of making coke or burning charcoal.

Breeze (n.) Refuse coal, coal ashes, and cinders, used in the burning of bricks.

Breeziness (n.) State of being breezy.

Bregma (n.) The point of junction of the coronal and sagittal sutures of the skull.

Brehon (n.) An ancient Irish or Scotch judge.

Bren (n.) Bran.

Brennage (n.) A tribute which tenants paid to their lord, in lieu of bran, which they were obliged to furnish for his hounds.

Brent (n.) A brant. See Brant.

Brere (n.) A brier.

Brest (n.) Alt. of Breast

Breast (n.) A torus.

Brestsummer (n.) See Breastsummer.

Bret (n.) See Birt.

Brethren (n.) pl. of Brother.

Breton (n.) A native or inhabitant of Brittany, or Bretagne, in France; also, the ancient language of Brittany; Armorican.

Brett (n.) Same as Britzska.

Brettice (n.) The wooden boarding used in supporting the roofs and walls of coal mines. See Brattice.

Bretwalda (n.) The official title applied to that one of the Anglo-Saxon chieftains who was chosen by the other chiefs to lead them in their warfare against the British tribes.

Bretzel (n.) See Pretzel.

Breve (n.) A note or character of time, equivalent to two semibreves or four minims. When dotted, it is equal to three semibreves. It was formerly of a square figure (as thus: / ), but is now made oval, with a

Breve (n.) Any writ or precept under seal, issued out of any court.

Breve (n.) A curved mark [/] used commonly to indicate the short quantity of a vowel.

Breve (n.) The great ant thrush of Sumatra (Pitta gigas), which has a very short tail.

Brevet (n.) A warrant from the government, granting a privilege, title, or dignity. [French usage].

Brevet (n.) A commission giving an officer higher rank than that for which he receives pay; an honorary promotion of an officer.

Brevetcy (n.) The rank or condition of a brevet officer.

Breviary (n.) An abridgment; a compend; an epitome; a brief account or summary.

Breviary (n.) A book containing the daily public or canonical prayers of the Roman Catholic or of the Greek Church for the seven canonical hours, namely, matins and lauds, the first, third, sixth, and ninth hours, vespers, and comp

Breviate (n.) A short compend; a summary; a brief statement.

Breviate (n.) A lawyer's brief.

Breviature (n.) An abbreviature; an abbreviation.

Brevier (n.) A size of type between bourgeois and minion.

Breviloquence (n.) A brief and pertinent mode of speaking.

Breviped (n.) A breviped bird.

Brevipen (n.) A brevipennate bird.

Brevity (n.) Shortness of duration; briefness of time; as, the brevity of human life.

Brevity (n.) Contraction into few words; conciseness.

Brew (n.) The mixture formed by brewing; that which is brewed.

Brewage (n.) Malt liquor; drink brewed.

Brewer (n.) One who brews; one whose occupation is to prepare malt liquors.

Brewery (n.) A brewhouse; the building and apparatus where brewing is carried on.

Brewhouse (n.) A house or building appropriated to brewing; a brewery.

Brewing (n.) The act or process of preparing liquors which are brewed, as beer and ale.

Brewing (n.) The quantity brewed at once.

Brewing (n.) A mixing together.

Brewing (n.) A gathering or forming of a storm or squall, indicated by thick, dark clouds.

Brewis (n.) Broth or pottage.

Brewis (n.) Bread soaked in broth, drippings of roast meat, milk, or water and butter.

Brewsterite (n.) A rare zeolitic mineral occurring in white monoclinic crystals with pearly luster. It is a hydrous silicate of aluminia, baryta, and strontia.

Brezilin (n.) See Brazilin.

Briar (n.) Same as Brier.

Bribe (n.) A gift begged; a present.

Bribe (n.) A price, reward, gift, or favor bestowed or promised with a view to prevent the judgment or corrupt the conduct of a judge, witness, voter, or other person in a position of trust.

Bribe (n.) That which seduces; seduction; allurement.

Briber (n.) A thief.

Briber (n.) One who bribes, or pays for corrupt practices.

Briber (n.) That which bribes; a bribe.

Bribery (n.) Robbery; extortion.

Bribery (n.) The act or practice of giving or taking bribes; the act of influencing the official or political action of another by corrupt inducements.

Bric-a brac (n.) Miscellaneous curiosities and works of decorative art, considered collectively.

Brick (n.) A block or clay tempered with water, sand, etc., molded into a regular form, usually rectangular, and sun-dried, or burnt in a kiln, or in a heap or stack called a clamp.

Brick (n.) Bricks, collectively, as designating that kind of material; as, a load of brick; a thousand of brick.

Brick (n.) Any oblong rectangular mass; as, a brick of maple sugar; a penny brick (of bread).

Brick (n.) A good fellow; a merry person; as, you 're a brick.

Brickbat (n.) A piece or fragment of a brick. See Bat, 4.

Brickkiln (n.) A kiln, or furnace, in which bricks are baked or burnt; or a pile of green bricks, laid loose, with arches underneath to receive the wood or fuel for burning them.

Bricklayer (n.) One whose occupation is to build with bricks.

Bricklaying (n.) The art of building with bricks, or of uniting them by cement or mortar into various forms; the act or occupation of laying bricks.

Brickleness (n.) Brittleness.

Brickmaker (n.) One whose occupation is to make bricks.

Brickwork (n.) Anything made of bricks.

Brickwork (n.) The act of building with or laying bricks.

Brickyard (n.) A place where bricks are made, especially an inclosed place.

Bricole (n.) A kind of traces with hooks and rings, with which men drag and maneuver guns where horses can not be used.

Brid (n.) A bird.

Bridal (n.) Of or pertaining to a bride, or to wedding; nuptial; as, bridal ornaments; a bridal outfit; a bridal chamber.

Bridal (n.) A nuptial festival or ceremony; a marriage.

Bridalty (n.) Celebration of the nuptial feast.

Bride (n.) A woman newly married, or about to be married.

Bride (n.) Fig.: An object ardently loved.

Bride-ale (n.) A rustic wedding feast; a bridal. See Ale.

Bridebed (n.) The marriage bed.

Bridecake (n.) Rich or highly ornamented cake, to be distributed to the guests at a wedding, or sent to friends after the wedding.

Bridechamber (n.) The nuptial apartment.

Bridegroom (n.) A man newly married, or just about to be married.

Brideknot (n.) A knot of ribbons worn by a guest at a wedding; a wedding favor.

Bridemaid (n.) Alt. of Brideman

Brideman (n.) See Bridesmaid, Bridesman.

Bridesmaid (n.) A female friend who attends on a bride at her wedding.

Bridesman (n.) A male friend who attends upon a bridegroom and bride at their marriage; the "best man."

Bridestake (n.) A stake or post set in the ground, for guests at a wedding to dance round.

Bridewell (n.) A house of correction for the confinement of disorderly persons; -- so called from a hospital built in 1553 near St. Bride's (or Bridget's) well, in London, which was subsequently a penal workhouse.

Bridge (n.) A structure, usually of wood, stone, brick, or iron, erected over a river or other water course, or over a chasm, railroad, etc., to make a passageway from one bank to the other.

Bridge (n.) Anything supported at the ends, which serves to keep some other thing from resting upon the object spanned, as in engraving, watchmaking, etc., or which forms a platform or staging over which something passes or is conveyed.

Bridge (n.) The small arch or bar at right angles to the strings of a violin, guitar, etc., serving of raise them and transmit their vibrations to the body of the instrument.

Bridge (n.) A device to measure the resistance of a wire or other conductor forming part of an electric circuit.

Bridge (n.) A low wall or vertical partition in the fire chamber of a furnace, for deflecting flame, etc.; -- usually called a bridge wall.

Bridgeboard (n.) A notched board to which the treads and risers of the steps of wooden stairs are fastened.

Bridgeboard (n.) A board or plank used as a bridge.

Bridgehead (n.) A fortification commanding the extremity of a bridge nearest the enemy, to insure the preservation and usefulness of the bridge, and prevent the enemy from crossing; a tete-de-pont.

Bridgepot (n.) The adjustable socket, or step, of a millstone spindle.

Bridgetree (n.) The beam which supports the spindle socket of the runner in a grinding mill.

Bridge-ward (n.) A bridge keeper; a warden or a guard for a bridge.

Bridge-ward (n.) The principal ward of a key.

Bridgeing (n.) The system of bracing used between floor or other timbers to distribute the weight.

Bridle (n.) The head gear with which a horse is governed and restrained, consisting of a headstall, a bit, and reins, with other appendages.

Bridle (n.) A restraint; a curb; a check.

Bridle (n.) The piece in the interior of a gun lock, which holds in place the tumbler, sear, etc.

Bridle (n.) A span of rope,

Bridle (n.) A mooring hawser.

Bridler (n.) One who bridles; one who restrains and governs, as with a bridle.

Bridoon (n.) The snaffle and rein of a military bridle, which acts independently of the bit, at the pleasure of the rider. It is used in connection with a curb bit, which has its own rein.

Brief (n.) A writ issuing from the chancery, directed to any judge ordinary, commanding and authorizing that judge to call a jury to inquire into the case, and upon their verdict to pronounce sentence.

Brief (n.) A letter patent, from proper authority, authorizing a collection or charitable contribution of money in churches, for any public or private purpose.

Briefman (n.) One who makes a brief.

Briefman (n.) A copier of a manuscript.

Briefness (n.) The quality of being brief; brevity; conciseness in discourse or writing.

Brier (n.) Alt. of Briar

Briar (n.) A plant with a slender woody stem bearing stout prickles; especially, species of Rosa, Rubus, and Smilax.

Briar (n.) Fig.: Anything sharp or unpleasant to the feelings.

Briery (n.) A place where briers grow.

Brig (n.) A bridge.

Brig (n.) A two-masted, square-rigged vessel.

Brigade (n.) A body of troops, whether cavalry, artillery, infantry, or mixed, consisting of two or more regiments, under the command of a brigadier general.

Brigade (n.) Any body of persons organized for acting or marching together under authority; as, a fire brigade.

Brigand (n.) A light-armed, irregular foot soldier.

Brigand (n.) A lawless fellow who lives by plunder; one of a band of robbers; especially, one of a gang living in mountain retreats; a highwayman; a freebooter.

Brigandage (n.) Life and practice of brigands; highway robbery; plunder.

Brigandine (n.) A coast of armor for the body, consisting of scales or plates, sometimes overlapping each other, generally of metal, and sewed to

Brigandism (n.) Brigandage.

Brigantine (n.) A practical vessel.

Brigantine (n.) A two-masted, square-rigged vessel, differing from a brig in that she does not carry a square mainsail.

Brigantine (n.) See Brigandine.

Brigge (n.) A bridge.

Bright (n.) Splendor; brightness.

Brightness (n.) The quality or state of being bright; splendor; luster; brilliancy; clearness.

Brightness (n.) Acuteness (of the faculties); sharpness 9wit.

Brigose (n.) Contentious; quarrelsome.

Brigue (n.) A cabal, intrigue, faction, contention, strife, or quarrel.

Brigue (n.) To contend for; to canvass; to solicit.

Brike (n.) A breach; ruin; downfall; peril.

Brill (n.) A fish allied to the turbot (Rhombus levis), much esteemed in England for food; -- called also bret, pearl, prill. See Bret.

Brillance (n.) Brilliancy.

Brillancy (n.) The quality of being brilliant; splendor; glitter; great brightness, whether in a literal or figurative sense.

Brilliantness (n.) Brilliancy; splendor; glitter.

Brim (n.) The rim, border, or upper edge of a cup, dish, or any hollow vessel used for holding anything.

Brim (n.) The edge or margin, as of a fountain, or of the water contained in it; the brink; border.

Brim (n.) The rim of a hat.

Brimmer (n.) A brimful bowl; a bumper.

Brin (n.) One of the radiating sticks of a fan. The outermost are larger and longer, and are called panaches.

Brindle (n.) The state of being brindled.

Brindle (n.) A brindled color; also, that which is brindled.

Brine (n.) Water saturated or strongly impregnated with salt; pickle; hence, any strong sa

Brine (n.) The ocean; the water of an ocean, sea, or salt lake.

Brine (n.) Tears; -- so called from their saltness.

Bringer (n.) One who brings.

Brininess (n.) The state or quality of being briny; saltness; brinishness.

Brinishness (n.) State or quality of being brinish.

Brinjaree (n.) A rough-haired East Indian variety of the greyhound.

Brink (n.) The edge, margin, or border of a steep place, as of a precipice; a bank or edge, as of a river or pit; a verge; a border; as, the brink of a chasm. Also Fig.

Briony (n.) See Bryony.

Brisket (n.) That part of the breast of an animal which extends from the fore legs back beneath the ribs; also applied to the fore part of a horse, from the shoulders to the bottom of the chest.

Briskness (n.) Live

Bristle (n.) A short, stiff, coarse hair, as on the back of swine.

Bristle (n.) A stiff, sharp, roundish hair.

Bristletail (n.) An insect of the genera Lepisma, Campodea, etc., belonging to the Thysanura.


Bristol (n.) A seaport city in the west of England.

Brisure (n.) Any part of a rampart or parapet which deviates from the general direction.

Brisure (n.) A mark of cadency or difference.

Brit (n.) Alt. of Britt

Britt (n.) The young of the common herring; also, a small species of herring; the sprat.

Britt (n.) The minute marine animals (chiefly Entomostraca) upon which the right whales feed.

Britannia (n.) A white-metal alloy of tin, antimony, bismuth, copper, etc. It somewhat resembles silver, and is used for table ware. Called also Britannia metal.

Briticism (n.) A word, phrase, or idiom peculiar to Great Britain; any manner of using a word or words that is peculiar to Great Britain.

Britisher (n.) An Englishman; a subject or inhabitant of Great Britain, esp. one in the British military or naval service.

Briton (n.) A native of Great Britain.

Brittleness (n.) Aptness to break; fragility.

Britzska (n.) A long carriage, with a calash top, so constructed as to give space for reclining at night, when used on a journey.

Brize (n.) The breeze fly. See Breeze.

Broach (n.) A spit.

Broach (n.) An awl; a bodkin; also, a wooden rod or pin, sharpened at each end, used by thatchers.

Broach (n.) A tool of steel, generally tapering, and of a polygonal form, with from four to eight cutting edges, for smoothing or enlarging holes in metal; sometimes made smooth or without edges, as for burnishing pivot holes in watches; a reamer. The broach for gun barrels is commonly square and without taper.

Broach (n.) A straight tool with file teeth, made of steel, to be pressed through irregular holes in metal that cannot be dressed by revolving tools; a drift.

Broach (n.) A broad chisel for stonecutting.

Broach (n.) A spire rising from a tower.

Broach (n.) A clasp for fastening a garment. See Brooch.

Broach (n.) A spitlike start, on the head of a young stag.

Broach (n.) The stick from which candle wicks are suspended for dipping.

Broach (n.) The pin in a lock which enters the barrel of the key.

Broach (n.) To spit; to pierce as with a spit.

Broach (n.) To tap; to pierce, as a cask, in order to draw the liquor. Hence: To let out; to shed, as blood.

Broach (n.) To open for the first time, as stores.

Broach (n.) To make public; to utter; to publish first; to put forth; to introduce as a topic of conversation.

Broach (n.) To cause to begin or break out.

Broach (n.) To shape roughly, as a block of stone, by chiseling with a coarse tool.

Broach (n.) To enlarge or dress (a hole), by using a broach.

Broacher (n.) A spit; a broach.

Broacher (n.) One who broaches, opens, or utters; a first publisher or promoter.

Broad (n.) The broad part of anything; as, the broad of an oar.

Broad (n.) The spread of a river into a sheet of water; a flooded fen.

Broad (n.) A lathe tool for turning down the insides and bottoms of cylinders.

Broadax Broadaxe (n.) An ancient military weapon; a battle-ax.

Broadax Broadaxe (n.) An ax with a broad edge, for hewing timber.

Broadbill (n.) A wild duck (Aythya, / Fuligula, marila), which appears in large numbers on the eastern coast of the United States, in autumn; -- called also bluebill, blackhead, raft duck, and scaup duck. See Scaup duck.

Broadbill (n.) The shoveler. See Shoveler.

Broadbrim (n.) A hat with a very broad brim, like those worn by men of the society of Friends.

Broadbrim (n.) A member of the society of Friends; a Quaker.

Broadcast (n.) A casting or throwing seed in all directions, as from the hand in sowing.

Broadcloth (n.) A fine smooth-faced woolen cloth for men's garments, usually of double width (i.e., a yard and a half); -- so called in distinction from woolens three quarters of a yard wide.

Broadleaf (n.) A tree (Terminalia latifolia) of Jamaica, the wood of which is used for boards, scantling, shingles, etc; -- sometimes called the almond tree, from the shape of its fruit.

Broadmouth (n.) One of the Eurylaimidae, a family of East Indian passerine birds.

Broadness (n.) The condition or quality of being broad; breadth; coarseness; grossness.

Broadpiece (n.) An old English gold coin, broader than a guinea, as a Carolus or Jacobus.

Broadside (n.) The side of a ship above the water

Broadside (n.) A discharge of or from all the guns on one side of a ship, at the same time.

Broadside (n.) A volley of abuse or denunciation.

Broadside (n.) A sheet of paper containing one large page, or printed on one side only; -- called also broadsheet.

Broadsword (n.) A sword with a broad blade and a cutting edge; a claymore.

Brob (n.) A peculiar brad-shaped spike, to be driven alongside the end of an abutting timber to prevent its slipping.

Brobdingnagian (n.) A giant.

Brocade (n.) Silk stuff, woven with gold and silver threads, or ornamented with raised flowers, foliage, etc.; -- also applied to other stuffs thus wrought and enriched.

Brocage (n.) See Brokkerage.

Brocard (n.) An elementary principle or maximum; a short, proverbial rule, in law, ethics, or metaphysics.

Brocatel (n.) A kind of coarse brocade, or figured fabric, used chiefly for tapestry, linings for carriages, etc.

Brocatel (n.) A marble, clouded and veined with white, gray, yellow, and red, in which the yellow usually prevails. It is also called Siena marble, from its locality.

Brocatello (n.) Same as Brocatel.

Broccoli (n.) A plant of the Cabbage species (Brassica oleracea) of many varieties, resembling the cauliflower. The "curd," or flowering head, is the part used for food.

Brochantite (n.) A basic sulphate of copper, occurring in emerald-green crystals.

Broche (n.) See Broach, n.

Brock (n.) A badger.

Brock (n.) A brocket.

Brocket (n.) A male red deer two years old; -- sometimes called brock.

Brocket (n.) A small South American deer, of several species (Coassus superciliaris, C. rufus, and C. auritus).

Brodekin (n.) A buskin or half-boot.

Brog (n.) A pointed instrument, as a joiner's awl, a brad awl, a needle, or a small sharp stick.

Brogan (n.) A stout, coarse shoe; a brogue.

Broggle (n.) To sniggle, or fish with a brog.

Brogue (n.) A stout, coarse shoe; a brogan.

Broiderer (n.) One who embroiders.

Broidery (n.) Embroidery.

Broil (n.) A tumult; a noisy quarrel; a disturbance; a brawl; contention; discord, either between individuals or in the state.

Broiler (n.) One who excites broils; one who engages in or promotes noisy quarrels.

Broiler (n.) One who broils, or cooks by broiling.

Broiler (n.) A gridiron or other utensil used in broiling.

Broiler (n.) A chicken or other bird fit for broiling.

Broiling (n.) The act of causing anything to broil.

Brokage (n.) See Brokerage.

Brokenness (n.) The state or quality of being broken; unevenness.

Brokenness (n.) Contrition; as, brokenness of heart.

Brokerage (n.) The business or employment of a broker.

Brokerage (n.) The fee, reward, or commission, given or changed for transacting business as a broker.

Brokery (n.) The business of a broker.

Broma (n.) Aliment; food.

Broma (n.) A light form of prepared cocoa (or cacao), or the drink made from it.

Bromal (n.) An oily, colorless fluid, CBr3.COH, related to bromoform, as chloral is to chloroform, and obtained by the action of bromine on alcohol.

Bromate (n.) A salt of bromic acid.

Bromatologist (n.) One versed in the science of foods.

Bromatology (n.) The science of aliments.

Brome (n.) See Bromine.

Bromide (n.) A compound of bromine with a positive radical.

Bromine (n.) One of the elements, related in its chemical qualities to chlorine and iodine. Atomic weight 79.8. Symbol Br. It is a deep reddish brown liquid of a very disagreeable odor, emitting a brownish vapor at the ordinary temperature. In combination it is found in minute quantities in sea water, and in many sa

Bromism (n.) A diseased condition produced by the excessive use of bromine or one of its compounds. It is characterized by mental dullness and muscular weakness.

Bromlife (n.) A carbonate of baryta and lime, intermediate between witherite and strontianite; -- called also alstonite.

Bromoform (n.) A colorless liquid, CHBr3, having an agreeable odor and sweetish taste. It is produced by the simultaneous action of bromine and caustic potash upon wood spirit, alcohol, or acetone, as also by certain other reactions. In composition it is the same as chloroform, with the substitution of bromine for chlorine. It is somewhat similar to chloroform in its effects.

Brompicrin (n.) A pungent colorless explosive liquid, CNO2Br3, analogous to and resembling chlorpicrin.

Bromuret (n.) See Bromide.

Bromyrite (n.) Silver bromide, a rare mineral; -- called also bromargyrite.

Bronchiole (n.) A minute bronchial tube.

Bronchitis (n.) Inflammation, acute or chronic, of the bronchial tubes or any part of them.

Broncho (n.) A native or a Mexican horse of small size.

Bronchocele (n.) See Goiter.

Bronchophony (n.) A modification of the voice sounds, by which they are intensified and heightened in pitch; -- observed in auscultation of the chest in certain cases of intro-thoracic disease.

Broncho-pneumonia (n.) Inflammation of the bronchi and lungs; catarrhal pneumonia.

Bronchotome (n.) An instrument for cutting into the bronchial tubes.

Bronchotomy (n.) An incision into the windpipe or larynx, including the operations of tracheotomy and laryngotomy.

Bronchus (n.) One of the subdivisions of the trachea or windpipe; esp. one of the two primary divisions.

Bronco (n.) Same as Broncho.

Brond (n.) A sword.

Brontolite (n.) Alt. of Brontolith

Brontolith (n.) An aerolite.

Brontology (n.) A treatise upon thunder.

Brontosaurus (n.) A genus of American jurassic dinosaurs. A length of sixty feet is believed to have been attained by these reptiles.

Brontotherium (n.) A genus of large extinct mammals from the miocene strata of western North America. They were allied to the rhinoceros, but the skull bears a pair of powerful horn cores in front of the orbits, and the fore feet were four-toed. See Illustration in Appendix.

Brontozoum (n.) An extinct animal of large size, known from its three-toed footprints in Mesozoic sandstone.

Bronze (n.) To give an appearance of bronze to, by a coating of bronze powder, or by other means; to make of the color of bronze; as, to bronze plaster casts; to bronze coins or medals.

Bronze (n.) To make hard or unfeeling; to brazen.

Bronzewing (n.) An Australian pigeon of the genus Phaps, of several species; -- so called from its bronze plumage.

Bronzine (n.) A metal so prepared as to have the appearance of bronze.

Bronzing (n.) The act or art of communicating to articles in metal, wood, clay, plaster, etc., the appearance of bronze by means of bronze powders, or imitative painting, or by chemical processes.

Bronzing (n.) A material for bronzing.

Bronzist (n.) One who makes, imitates, collects, or deals in, bronzes.

Bronzite (n.) A variety of enstatite, often having a bronzelike luster. It is a silicate of magnesia and iron, of the pyroxene family.

Brooch (n.) An ornament, in various forms, with a tongue, pin, or loop for attaching it to a garment; now worn at the breast by women; a breastpin. Formerly worn by men on the hat.

Brooch (n.) A painting all of one color, as a sepia painting, or an India painting.

Brookite (n.) A mineral consisting of titanic oxide, and hence identical with rutile and octahedrite in composition, but crystallizing in the orthorhombic system.

Brooklet (n.) A small brook.

Brooklime (n.) A plant (Veronica Beccabunga), with flowers, usually blue, in axillary racemes. The American species is V. Americana.

Brookside (n.) The bank of a brook.

Brookweed (n.) A small white-flowered herb (Samolus Valerandi) found usually in wet places; water pimpernel.

Broom (n.) A plant having twigs suitable for making brooms to sweep with when bound together; esp., the Cytisus scoparius of Western Europe, which is a low shrub with long, straight, green, angular branches, minute leaves, and large yellow flowers.

Broom (n.) An implement for sweeping floors, etc., commonly made of the panicles or tops of broom corn, bound together or attached to a long wooden handle; -- so called because originally made of the twigs of the broom.

Broomstaff (n.) A broomstick.

Broomstick (n.) A stick used as a handle of a broom.

Brose (n.) Pottage made by pouring some boiling liquid on meal (esp. oatmeal), and stirring it. It is called beef brose, water brose, etc., according to the name of the liquid (beef broth, hot water, etc.) used.

Brotelness (n.) Brittleness.

Broth (n.) Liquid in which flesh (and sometimes other substances, as barley or rice) has been boiled; thin or simple soup.

Brothel (n.) A house of lewdness or ill fame; a house frequented by prostitutes; a bawdyhouse.

Brotheler (n.) One who frequents brothels.

Brothelry (n.) Lewdness; obscenity; a brothel.

Brother (n.) A male person who has the same father and mother with another person, or who has one of them only. In the latter case he is more definitely called a half brother, or brother of the half blood.

Brother (n.) One related or closely united to another by some common tie or interest, as of rank, profession, membership in a society, toil, suffering, etc.; -- used among judges, clergymen, monks, physicians, lawyers, professors of religion, etc.

Brother (n.) One who, or that which, resembles another in distinctive qualities or traits of character.

Brotherhood (n.) The state of being brothers or a brother.

Brotherhood (n.) An association for any purpose, as a society of monks; a fraternity.

Brotherhood (n.) The whole body of persons engaged in the same business, -- especially those of the same profession; as, the legal or medical brotherhood.

Brotherhood (n.) Persons, and, poetically, things, of a like kind.

Brother-in-law (n.) The brother of one's husband or wife; also, the husband of one's sister; sometimes, the husband of one's wife's sister.


Brougham (n.) A light, close carriage, with seats inside for two or four, and the fore wheels so arranged as to turn short.

Brow (n.) The prominent ridge over the eye, with the hair that covers it, forming an arch above the orbit.

Brow (n.) The hair that covers the brow (ridge over the eyes); the eyebrow.

Brow (n.) The forehead; as, a feverish brow.

Brow (n.) The general air of the countenance.

Brow (n.) The edge or projecting upper part of a steep place; as, the brow of a precipice; the brow of a hill.

Browbeating (n.) The act of bearing down, abashing, or disconcerting, with stern looks, supercilious manners, or confident assertions.

Browdyng (n.) Embroidery.

Brown (n.) A dark color inclining to red or yellow, resulting from the mixture of red and black, or of red, black, and yellow; a tawny, dusky hue.

Brownback (n.) The dowitcher or red-breasted snipe. See Dowitcher.

Brownie (n.) An imaginary good-natured spirit, who was supposed often to perform important services around the house by night, such as thrashing, churning, sweeping.

Browning (n.) The act or operation of giving a brown color, as to gun barrels, etc.

Browning (n.) A smooth coat of brown mortar, usually the second coat, and the preparation for the finishing coat of plaster.

Brownism (n.) The views or teachings of Robert Brown of the Brownists.

Brownism (n.) The doctrines of the Brunonian system of medicine. See Brunonian.

Brownist (n.) A follower of Robert Brown, of England, in the 16th century, who taught that every church is complete and independent in itself when organized, and consists of members meeting in one place, having full power to elect and depose its officers.

Brownist (n.) One who advocates the Brunonian system of medicine.

Brownness (n.) The quality or state of being brown.

Brownstone (n.) A dark variety of sandstone, much used for building purposes.

Brownwort (n.) A species of figwort or Scrophularia (S. vernalis), and other species of the same genus, mostly perennials with inconspicuous coarse flowers.

Browpost (n.) A beam that goes across a building.

Browse (n.) The tender branches or twigs of trees and shrubs, fit for the food of cattle and other animals; green food.

Browse (n.) To eat or nibble off, as the tender branches of trees, shrubs, etc.; -- said of cattle, sheep, deer, and some other animals.

Browse (n.) To feed on, as pasture; to pasture on; to graze.

Browser (n.) An animal that browses.

Browsewood (n.) Shrubs and bushes upon which animals browse.

Browsing (n.) Browse; also, a place abounding with shrubs where animals may browse.

Browspot (n.) A rounded organ between the eyes of the frog; the interocular gland.

Bruang (n.) The Malayan sun bear.

Brucine (n.) A powerful vegetable alkaloid, found, associated with strychnine, in the seeds of different species of Strychnos, especially in the Nux vomica. It is less powerful than strychnine. Called also brucia and brucina.

Brucite (n.) A white, pearly mineral, occurring thin and foliated, like talc, and also fibrous; a native magnesium hydrate.

Brucite (n.) The mineral chondrodite.

Bruh (n.) The rhesus monkey. See Rhesus.

Bruise (n.) An injury to the flesh of animals, or to plants, fruit, etc., with a blunt or heavy instrument, or by collision with some other body; a contusion; as, a bruise on the head; bruises on fruit.

Bruiser (n.) One who, or that which, bruises.

Bruiser (n.) A boxer; a pugilist.

Bruiser (n.) A concave tool used in grinding lenses or the speculums of telescopes.

Bruisewort (n.) A plant supposed to heal bruises, as the true daisy, the soapwort, and the comfrey.

Bruit (n.) Report; rumor; fame.

Bruit (n.) An abnormal sound of several kinds, heard on auscultation.

Brumaire (n.) The second month of the calendar adopted by the first French republic. It began thirty days after the autumnal equinox. See Vendemiaire.

Brume (n.) Mist; fog; vapors.

Brun (n.) Same as Brun, a brook.

Brunion (n.) A nectarine.

Brush (n.) An instrument composed of bristles, or other like material, set in a suitable back or handle, as of wood, bone, or ivory, and used for various purposes, as in removing dust from clothes, laying on colors, etc. Brushes have different shapes and names according to their use; as, clothes brush, paint brush, tooth brush, etc.

Brush (n.) The bushy tail of a fox.

Brush (n.) A tuft of hair on the mandibles.

Brush (n.) Branches of trees lopped off; brushwood.

Brush (n.) A thicket of shrubs or small trees; the shrubs and small trees in a wood; underbrush.

Brush (n.) A bundle of flexible wires or thin plates of metal, used to conduct an electrical current to or from the commutator of a dynamo, electric motor, or similar apparatus.

Brush (n.) The act of brushing; as, to give one's clothes a brush; a rubbing or grazing with a quick motion; a light touch; as, we got a brush from the wheel as it passed.

Brush (n.) A skirmish; a slight encounter; a shock or collision; as, to have a brush with an enemy.

Brush (n.) A short contest, or trial, of speed.

Brush (n.) To apply a brush to, according to its particular use; to rub, smooth, clean, paint, etc., with a brush.

Brush (n.) To touch in passing, or to pass lightly over, as with a brush.

Brush (n.) To remove or gather by brushing, or by an act like that of brushing, or by passing lightly over, as wind; -- commonly with off.

Brusher (n.) One who, or that which, brushes.

Brushiness (n.) The quality of resembling a brush; brushlike condition; shagginess.

Brushite (n.) A white or gray crystal

Brushwood (n.) Brush; a thicket or coppice of small trees and shrubs.

Brushwood (n.) Small branches of trees cut off.

Brusqueness (n.) Quality of being brusque; roughness joined with promptness; bluntness.

Brussels (n.) A city of Belgium, giving its name to a kind of carpet, a kind of lace, etc.

Brustle (n.) A bristle.

Brut (n.) To browse.

Brut (n.) See Birt.

Bruta (n.) See Edentata.

Brutalism (n.) Brutish quality; brutality.

Brutality (n.) The quality of being brutal; inhumanity; savageness; pitilessness.

Brutality (n.) An inhuman act.

Brutalization (n.) The act or process of making brutal; state of being brutalized.

Brute (n.) An animal destitute of human reason; any animal not human; esp. a quadruped; a beast.

Brute (n.) A brutal person; a savage in heart or manners; as unfeeling or coarse person.

Bruteness (n.) Brutality.

Bruteness (n.) Insensibility.

Brutism (n.) The nature or characteristic qualities or actions of a brute; extreme stupidity, or beastly vulgarity.

Bruting (n.) Browsing.

Bryologist (n.) One versed in bryology.

Bryology (n.) That part of botany which relates to mosses.

Bryonin (n.) A bitter principle obtained from the root of the bryony (Bryonia alba and B. dioica). It is a white, or slightly colored, substance, and is emetic and cathartic.

Bryony (n.) The common name of several cucurbitaceous plants of the genus Bryonia. The root of B. alba (rough or white bryony) and of B. dioica is a strong, irritating cathartic.

Bryozoan (n.) One of the Bryozoa.

Bryozoum (n.) An individual zooid of a bryozoan coral

Buansuah (n.) The wild dog of northern India (Cuon primaevus), supposed by some to be an ancestral species of the domestic dog.

Buat (n.) A lantern; also, the moon.

Bub (n.) Strong malt liquor.

Bub (n.) A young brother; a little boy; -- a familiar term of address of a small boy.

Bubale (n.) A large antelope (Alcelaphus bubalis) of Egypt and the Desert of Sahara, supposed by some to be the fallow deer of the Bible.

Bubble (n.) A thin film of liquid inflated with air or gas; as, a soap bubble; bubbles on the surface of a river.

Bubble (n.) A small quantity of air or gas within a liquid body; as, bubbles rising in champagne or aerated waters.

Bubble (n.) A globule of air, or globular vacuum, in a transparent solid; as, bubbles in window glass, or in a lens.

Bubble (n.) A small, hollow, floating bead or globe, formerly used for testing the strength of spirits.

Bubble (n.) The globule of air in the spirit tube of a level.

Bubble (n.) Anything that wants firmness or solidity; that which is more specious than real; a false show; a cheat or fraud; a delusive scheme; an empty project; a dishonest speculation; as, the South Sea bubble.

Bubble (n.) A person deceived by an empty project; a gull.

Bubble (n.) To rise in bubbles, as liquids when boiling or agitated; to contain bubbles.

Bubble (n.) To run with a gurgling noise, as if forming bubbles; as, a bubbling stream.

Bubble (n.) To sing with a gurgling or warbling sound.

Bubbler (n.) One who cheats.

Bubbler (n.) A fish of the Ohio river; -- so called from the noise it makes.

Bubby (n.) A woman's breast.

Bubby (n.) Bub; -- a term of familiar or affectionate address to a small boy.

Bubo (n.) An inflammation, with enlargement, of a lymphatic gland, esp. in the groin, as in syphilis.

Bubonocele (n.) An inguinal hernia; esp. that incomplete variety in which the hernial pouch descends only as far as the groin, forming a swelling there like a bubo.

Bubukle (n.) A red pimple.

Buccaneer (n.) A robber upon the sea; a pirate; -- a term applied especially to the piratical adventurers who made depredations on the Spaniards in America in the 17th and 18th centuries.

Buccinator (n.) A muscle of the cheek; -- so called from its use in blowing wind instruments.

Buccinum (n.) A genus of large univalve mollusks abundant in the arctic seas. It includes the common whelk (B. undatum).

Bucentaur (n.) A fabulous monster, half ox, half man.

Bucentaur (n.) The state barge of Venice, used by the doge in the ceremony of espousing the Adriatic.

Buceros (n.) A genus of large perching birds; the hornbills.

Bucholzite (n.) Same as Fibrolite.

Buchu (n.) A South African shrub (Barosma) with small leaves that are dotted with oil glands; also, the leaves themselves, which are used in medicine for diseases of the urinary organs, etc. Several species furnish the leaves.

Buck (n.) Lye or suds in which cloth is soaked in the operation of bleaching, or in which clothes are washed.

Buck (n.) The cloth or clothes soaked or washed.

Buck (n.) The male of deer, especially fallow deer and antelopes, or of goats, sheep, hares, and rabbits.

Buck (n.) A gay, dashing young fellow; a fop; a dandy.

Buck (n.) A male Indian or negro.

Buck (n.) A frame on which firewood is sawed; a sawhorse; a sawbuck.

Buck (n.) The beech tree.

Buck-basket (n.) A basket in which clothes are carried to the wash.

Buckboard (n.) A four-wheeled vehicle, having a long elastic board or frame resting on the bolsters or axletrees, and a seat or seats placed transversely upon it; -- called also buck wagon.

Bucker (n.) One who bucks ore.

Bucker (n.) A broad-headed hammer used in bucking ore.

Bucker (n.) A horse or mule that bucks.

Bucket (n.) A vessel for drawing up water from a well, or for catching, holding, or carrying water, sap, or other liquids.

Bucket (n.) A vessel (as a tub or scoop) for hoisting and conveying coal, ore, grain, etc.

Bucket (n.) One of the receptacles on the rim of a water wheel into which the water rushes, causing the wheel to revolve; also, a float of a paddle wheel.

Bucket (n.) The valved piston of a lifting pump.

Buckety (n.) Paste used by weavers to dress their webs.

Buckeye (n.) A name given to several American trees and shrubs of the same genus (Aesculus) as the horse chestnut.

Buckeye (n.) A cant name for a native in Ohio.

Buckhound (n.) A hound for hunting deer.

Buckie (n.) A large spiral marine shell, esp. the common whelk. See Buccinum.

Bucking (n.) The act or process of soaking or boiling cloth in an alka

Bucking (n.) A washing.

Bucking (n.) The process of breaking up or pulverizing ores.

Buckle (n.) A device, usually of metal, consisting of a frame with one more movable tongues or catches, used for fastening things together, as parts of dress or harness, by means of a strap passing through the frame and pierced by the tongue.

Buckle (n.) A distortion bulge, bend, or kink, as in a saw blade or a plate of sheet metal.

Buckle (n.) A curl of hair, esp. a kind of crisp curl formerly worn; also, the state of being curled.

Buckle (n.) A contorted expression, as of the face.

Buckle (n.) To fasten or confine with a buckle or buckles; as, to buckle a harness.

Buckle (n.) To bend; to cause to kink, or to become distorted.

Buckle (n.) To prepare for action; to apply with vigor and earnestness; -- generally used reflexively.

Buckle (n.) To join in marriage.

Buckler (n.) A kind of shield, of various shapes and sizes, worn on one of the arms (usually the left) for protecting the front of the body.

Buckler (n.) One of the large, bony, external plates found on many ganoid fishes.

Buckler (n.) The anterior segment of the shell of trilobites.

Buckler (n.) A block of wood or plate of iron made to fit a hawse hole, or the circular opening in a half-port, to prevent water from entering when the vessel pitches.

Buckra (n.) A white man; -- a term used by negroes of the African coast, West Indies, etc.

Buckram (n.) A coarse cloth of

Buckram (n.) A plant. See Ramson.

Buck's-horn (n.) A plant with leaves branched somewhat like a buck's horn (Plantago Coronopus); also, Lobelia coronopifolia.

Buckshot (n.) A coarse leaden shot, larger than swan shot, used in hunting deer and large game.

Buckskin (n.) The skin of a buck.

Buckskin (n.) A soft strong leather, usually yellowish or grayish in color, made of deerskin.

Buckskin (n.) A person clothed in buckskin, particularly an American soldier of the Revolutionary war.

Buckskin (n.) Breeches made of buckskin.

Buckstall (n.) A toil or net to take deer.

Buckthorn (n.) A genus (Rhamnus) of shrubs or trees. The shorter branches of some species terminate in long spines or thorns. See Rhamnus.

Bucktooth (n.) Any tooth that juts out.

Buckwheat (n.) A plant (Fagopyrum esculentum) of the Polygonum family, the seed of which is used for food.

Buckwheat (n.) The triangular seed used, when ground, for griddle cakes, etc.

Bucolic (n.) A pastoral poem, representing rural affairs, and the life, manners, and occupation of shepherds; as, the Bucolics of Theocritus and Virgil.

Bucranium (n.) A sculptured ornament, representing an ox skull adorned with wreaths, etc.

Bud (n.) A small protuberance on the stem or branches of a plant, containing the rudiments of future leaves, flowers, or stems; an undeveloped branch or flower.

Bud (n.) A small protuberance on certain low forms of animals and vegetables which develops into a new organism, either free or attached. See Hydra.

Buddha (n.) The title of an incarnation of self-abnegation, virtue, and wisdom, or a deified religious teacher of the Buddhists, esp. Gautama Siddartha or Sakya Sinha (or Muni), the founder of Buddhism.

Buddhism (n.) The religion based upon the doctrine originally taught by the Hindoo sage Gautama Siddartha, surnamed Buddha, "the awakened or enlightened," in the sixth century b. c., and adopted as a religion by the greater part of the inhabitants of Central and Eastern Asia and the Indian Islands. Buddha's teaching is believed to have been atheistic; yet it was characterized by elevated humanity and morality. It presents release from existence (a beatific enfranchisement, Nirvana) as the g>

Buddhist (n.) One who accepts the teachings of Buddhism.

Budding (n.) The act or process of producing buds.

Budding (n.) A process of asexual reproduction, in which a new organism or cell is formed by a protrusion of a portion of the animal or vegetable organism, the bud thus formed sometimes remaining attached to the parent stalk or cell, at other times becoming free; gemmation. See Hydroidea.

Budding (n.) The act or process of ingrafting one kind of plant upon another stock by inserting a bud under the bark.

Buddle (n.) An apparatus, especially an inc

Budge (n.) A kind of fur prepared from lambskin dressed with the wool on; -- used formerly as an edging and ornament, esp. of scholastic habits.

Budgeness (n.) Sternness; severity.

Budger (n.) One who budges.

budgerow (n.) A large and commodious, but generally cumbrous and sluggish boat, used for journeys on the Ganges.

Budget (n.) A bag or sack with its contents; hence, a stock or store; an accumulation; as, a budget of inventions.

Budget (n.) The annual financial statement which the British chancellor of the exchequer makes in the House of Commons. It comprehends a general view of the finances of the country, with the proposed plan of taxation for the ensuing year. The term is sometimes applied to a similar statement in other countries.

Budgy (n.) Consisting of fur.

Budlet (n.) A little bud springing from a parent bud.

Buff (n.) A sort of leather, prepared from the skin of the buffalo, dressed with oil, like chamois; also, the skins of oxen, elks, and other animals, dressed in like manner.

Buff (n.) The color of buff; a light yellow, shading toward pink, gray, or brown.

Buff (n.) A military coat, made of buff leather.

Buff (n.) The grayish viscid substance constituting the buffy coat. See Buffy coat, under Buffy, a.

Buff (n.) A buffet; a blow; -- obsolete except in the phrase "Blindman's buff."

Buffalo (n.) A species of the genus Bos or Bubalus (B. bubalus), originally from India, but now found in most of the warmer countries of the eastern continent. It is larger and less docile than the common ox, and is fond of marshy places and rivers.

Buffalo (n.) A very large and savage species of the same genus (B. Caffer) found in South Africa; -- called also Cape buffalo.

Buffalo (n.) Any species of wild ox.

Buffalo (n.) The bison of North America.

Buffalo (n.) A buffalo robe. See Buffalo robe, below.

Buffalo (n.) The buffalo fish. See Buffalo fish, below.

Buffer (n.) An elastic apparatus or fender, for deadening the jar caused by the collision of bodies; as, a buffer at the end of a railroad car.

Buffer (n.) A pad or cushion forming the end of a fender, which receives the blow; -- sometimes called buffing apparatus.

Buffer (n.) One who polishes with a buff.

Buffer (n.) A wheel for buffing; a buff.

Buffer (n.) A good-humored, slow-witted fellow; -- usually said of an elderly man.

Bufferhead (n.) The head of a buffer, which recieves the concussion, in railroad carriages.

Buffet (n.) A cupboard or set of shelves, either movable or fixed at one side of a room, for the display of plate, china, etc., a sideboard.

Buffet (n.) A counter for refreshments; a restaurant at a railroad station, or place of public gathering.

Buffeter (n.) One who buffets; a boxer.

Buffeting (n.) A striking with the hand.

Buffeting (n.) A succession of blows; continued violence, as of winds or waves; afflictions; adversity.

Buffin (n.) A sort of coarse stuff; as, buffin gowns.

Buffle (n.) The buffalo.

Bufflehead (n.) One who has a large head; a heavy, stupid fellow.

Bufflehead (n.) The buffel duck. See Buffel duck.

Buffoon (n.) A man who makes a practice of amusing others by low tricks, antic gestures, etc.; a droll; a mimic; a harlequin; a clown; a merry-andrew.

Buffoonery (n.) The arts and practices of a buffoon, as low jests, ridiculous pranks, vulgar tricks and postures.

Buffoonism (n.) The practices of a buffoon; buffoonery.

Bufo (n.) A genus of Amphibia including various species of toads.

Bufonite (n.) An old name for a fossil consisting of the petrified teeth and palatal bones of fishes belonging to the family of Pycnodonts (thick teeth), whose remains occur in the oolite and chalk formations; toadstone; -- so named from a notion that it was originally formed in the head of a toad.

Bug (n.) A bugbear; anything which terrifies.

Bug (n.) A general name applied to various insects belonging to the Hemiptera; as, the squash bug; the chinch bug, etc.

Bug (n.) An insect of the genus Cimex, especially the bedbug (C. lectularius). See Bedbug.

Bug (n.) One of various species of Coleoptera; as, the ladybug; potato bug, etc.; loosely, any beetle.

Bug (n.) One of certain kinds of Crustacea; as, the sow bug; pill bug; bait bug; salve bug, etc.

Bugaboo (n.) Alt. of Bugbear

Bugbear (n.) Something frightful, as a specter; anything imaginary that causes needless fright; something used to excite needless fear; also, something really dangerous, used to frighten children, etc.

Bugbane (n.) A perennial white-flowered herb of the order Ranunculaceae and genus Cimiciguga; bugwort. There are several species.

Bugbear (n.) Same as Bugaboo.

Bugfish (n.) The menhaden.

Bugger (n.) One guilty of buggery or unnatural vice; a sodomite.

Bugger (n.) A wretch; -- sometimes used humorously or in playful disparagement.

Buggery (n.) Unnatural sexual intercourse; sodomy.

Buggy (n.) A light one horse two-wheeled vehicle.

Buggy (n.) A light, four-wheeled vehicle, usually with one seat, and with or without a calash top.

Bugle (n.) A sort of wild ox; a buffalo.

Bugle (n.) A horn used by hunters.

Bugle (n.) A copper instrument of the horn quality of tone, shorter and more conical that the trumpet, sometimes keyed; formerly much used in military bands, very rarely in the orchestra; now superseded by the cornet; -- called also the Kent bugle.

Bugle (n.) An elongated glass bead, of various colors, though commonly black.

Bugle (n.) A plant of the genus Ajuga of the Mint family, a native of the Old World.

Bugler (n.) One who plays on a bugle.

Bugleweed (n.) A plant of the Mint family and genus Lycopus; esp. L. Virginicus, which has mild narcotic and astringent properties, and is sometimes used as a remedy for hemorrhage.

Bugloss (n.) A plant of the genus Anchusa, and especially the A. officinalis, sometimes called alkanet; oxtongue.

Bugwort (n.) Bugbane.

Buhl (n.) Alt. of Buhlwork

Buhlwork (n.) Decorative woodwork in which tortoise shell, yellow metal, white metal, etc., are inlaid, forming scrolls, cartouches, etc.

Buhlbuhl (n.) See Bulbul.

Buhrstone (n.) A cellular, flinty rock, used for mill stones.

Build (n.) Form or mode of construction; general figure; make; as, the build of a ship.

Builder (n.) One who builds; one whose occupation is to build, as a carpenter, a shipwright, or a mason.

Building (n.) The act of constructing, erecting, or establishing.

Building (n.) The art of constructing edifices, or the practice of civil architecture.

Building (n.) That which is built; a fabric or edifice constructed, as a house, a church, etc.

Built (n.) Shape; build; form of structure; as, the built of a ship.

Bukshish (n.) See Backsheesh.

Bulau (n.) An East Indian insectivorous mammal (Gymnura Rafflesii), somewhat like a rat in appearance, but allied to the hedgehog.

Bulb (n.) A spheroidal body growing from a plant either above or below the ground (usually below), which is strictly a bud, consisting of a cluster of partially developed leaves, and producing, as it grows, a stem above, and roots below, as in the onion, tulip, etc. It differs from a corm in not being solid.

Bulb (n.) A name given to some parts that resemble in shape certain bulbous roots; as, the bulb of the aorta.

Bulb (n.) An expansion or protuberance on a stem or tube, as the bulb of a thermometer, which may be of any form, as spherical, cylindrical, curved, etc.

Bulbaceous (n.) Bulbous.

Bulbel (n.) A separable bulb formed on some flowering plants.

Bulbiferous (n.) Producing bulbs.

Bulblet (n.) A small bulb, either produced on a larger bulb, or on some aerial part of a plant, as in the axils of leaves in the tiger lily, or replacing the flowers in some kinds of onion.

Bulbo-tuber (n.) A corm.

Bulbous (n.) Having or containing bulbs, or a bulb; growing from bulbs; bulblike in shape or structure.

Bulbul (n.) The Persian nightingale (Pycnonotus jocosus). The name is also applied to several other Asiatic singing birds, of the family Timaliidae. The green bulbuls belong to the Chloropsis and allied genera.

Bulbule (n.) A small bulb; a bulblet.

Bulchin (n.) A little bull.

Bulge (n.) The bilge or protuberant part of a cask.

Bulge (n.) A swelling, protuberant part; a bending outward, esp. when caused by pressure; as, a bulge in a wall.

Bulge (n.) The bilge of a vessel. See Bilge, 2.

Bulimia (n.) Alt. of Bulimy

Bulimy (n.) A disease in which there is a perpetual and insatiable appetite for food; a diseased and voracious appetite.

Bulimus (n.) A genus of land snails having an elongated spiral shell, often of large size. The species are numerous and abundant in tropical America.

Bulk (n.) Magnitude of material substance; dimensions; mass; size; as, an ox or ship of great bulk.

Bulk (n.) The main mass or body; the largest or principal portion; the majority; as, the bulk of a debt.

Bulk (n.) The cargo of a vessel when stowed.

Bulk (n.) The body.

Bulker (n.) A person employed to ascertain the bulk or size of goods, in order to fix the amount of freight or dues payable on them.

Bulkhead (n.) A partition in a vessel, to separate apartments on the same deck.

Bulkhead (n.) A structure of wood or stone, to resist the pressure of earth or water; a partition wall or structure, as in a mine; the limiting wall along a water front.

Bulkiness (n.) Greatness in bulk; size.

Bull (n.) The male of any species of cattle (Bovidae); hence, the male of any large quadruped, as the elephant; also, the male of the whale.

Bull (n.) One who, or that which, resembles a bull in character or action.

Bull (n.) Taurus, the second of the twelve signs of the zodiac.

Bull (n.) A constellation of the zodiac between Aries and Gemini. It contains the Pleiades.

Bull (n.) One who operates in expectation of a rise in the price of stocks, or in order to effect such a rise. See 4th Bear, n., 5.

Bulla (n.) A bleb; a vesicle, or an elevation of the cuticle, containing a transparent watery fluid.

Bulla (n.) The ovoid prominence below the opening of the ear in the skulls of many animals; as, the tympanic or auditory bulla.

Bulla (n.) A leaden seal for a document; esp. the round leaden seal attached to the papal bulls, which has on one side a representation of St. Peter and St. Paul, and on the other the name of the pope who uses it.

Bulla (n.) A genus of marine shells. See Bubble shell.

Bullace (n.) A small European plum (Prunus communis, var. insitita). See Plum.

Bullace (n.) The bully tree.

Bullary (n.) A collection of papal bulls.

Bullary (n.) A place for boiling or preparing salt; a boilery.

Bullbeggar (n.) Something used or suggested to produce terror, as in children or persons of weak mind; a bugbear.

Bullcomber (n.) A scaraboid beetle; esp. the Typhaeus vulgaris of Europe.

Bulldog (n.) A variety of dog, of remarkable ferocity, courage, and tenacity of grip; -- so named, probably, from being formerly employed in baiting bulls.

Bulldog (n.) A refractory material used as a furnace lining, obtained by calcining the cinder or slag from the puddling furnace of a rolling mill.

Bulldozer (n.) One who bulldozes.

Bullen-bullen (n.) The lyre bird.

Bullen-nail (n.) A nail with a round head and short shank, tinned and lacquered.

Bullet (n.) A small ball.

Bullet (n.) A missile, usually of lead, and round or elongated in form, to be discharged from a rifle, musket, pistol, or other small firearm.

Bullet (n.) A cannon ball.

Bullet (n.) The fetlock of a horse.

Bulletin (n.) A brief statement of facts respecting some passing event, as military operations or the health of some distinguished personage, issued by authority for the information of the public.

Bulletin (n.) Any public notice or announcement, especially of news recently received.

Bulletin (n.) A periodical publication, especially one containing the proceeding of a society.

Bullfeast (n.) See Bullfight.

Bullfight (n.) Alt. of Bullfighting

Bullfighting (n.) A barbarous sport, of great antiquity, in which men torment, and fight with, a bull or bulls in an arena, for public amusement, -- still popular in Spain.

Bullfinch (n.) A bird of the genus Pyrrhula and other related genera, especially the P. vulgaris / rubicilla, a bird of Europe allied to the grosbeak, having the breast, cheeks, and neck, red.

Bullfist (n.) Alt. of Bullfice

Bullfice (n.) A kind of fungus. See Puffball.

Bull fly (n.) Alt. of Bullfly

Bullfly (n.) Any large fly troublesome to cattle, as the gadflies and breeze flies.

Bullfrog (n.) A very large species of frog (Rana Catesbiana), found in North America; -- so named from its loud bellowing in spring.

Bullhead (n.) A fresh-water fish of many species, of the genus Uranidea, esp. U. gobio of Europe, and U. Richardsoni of the United States; -- called also miller's thumb.

Bullhead (n.) In America, several species of Amiurus; -- called also catfish, horned pout, and bullpout.

Bullhead (n.) A marine fish of the genus Cottus; the sculpin.

Bullhead (n.) The black-bellied plover (Squatarola helvetica); -- called also beetlehead.

Bullhead (n.) The golden plover.

Bullhead (n.) A stupid fellow; a lubber.

Bullhead (n.) A small black water insect.

Bullion (n.) Uncoined gold or silver in the mass.

Bullion (n.) Base or uncurrent coin.

Bullion (n.) Showy metallic ornament, as of gold, silver, or copper, on bridles, saddles, etc.

Bullion (n.) Heavy twisted fringe, made of fine gold or silver wire and used for epaulets; also, any heavy twisted fringe whose cords are prominent.

Bullionist (n.) An advocate for a metallic currency, or a paper currency always convertible into gold.

Bullirag (n.) To intimidate by bullying; to rally contemptuously; to badger.

Bullist (n.) A writer or drawer up of papal bulls.

Bullock (n.) A young bull, or any male of the ox kind.

Bullock (n.) An ox, steer, or stag.

Bullock's-eye (n.) See Bull's-eye, 3.

Bullon (n.) A West Indian fish (Scarus Croicensis).

Bullpout (n.) See Bullhead, 1 (b).

Bull's-eye (n.) A small circular or oval wooden block without sheaves, having a groove around it and a hole through it, used for connecting rigging.

Bull's-eye (n.) A small round cloud, with a ruddy center, supposed by sailors to portend a storm.

Bull's-eye (n.) A small thick disk of glass inserted in a deck, roof, floor, ship's side, etc., to let in light.

Bull's-eye (n.) A circular or oval opening for air or light.

Bull's-eye (n.) A lantern, with a thick glass lens on one side for concentrating the light on any object; also, the lens itself.

Bull's-eye (n.) Aldebaran, a bright star in the eye of Taurus or the Bull.

Bull's-eye (n.) The center of a target.

Bull's-eye (n.) A thick knob or protuberance left on glass by the end of the pipe through which it was blown.

Bull's-eye (n.) A small and thick old-fashioned watch.

Bull's-nose (n.) An external angle when obtuse or rounded.

Bullweed (n.) Knapweed.

Bullwort (n.) See Bishop's-weed.

Bully (n.) A noisy, blustering fellow, more insolent than courageous; one who is threatening and quarrelsome; an insolent, tyrannical fellow.

Bully (n.) A brisk, dashing fellow.

Bullyrock (n.) A bully.

Bulrush (n.) A kind of large rush, growing in wet land or in water.

Bulse (n.) A purse or bag in which to carry or measure diamonds, etc.

Bultel (n.) A bolter or bolting cloth; also, bran.

Bulti (n.) Same as Bolty.

Bultow (n.) A trawl; a boulter; the mode of fishing with a boulter or spiller.

Bulwark (n.) A rampart; a fortification; a bastion or outwork.

Bulwark (n.) That which secures against an enemy, or defends from attack; any means of defense or protection.

Bulwark (n.) The sides of a ship above the upper deck.

Bulwarking (n.) of Bulwark

Bum (n.) The buttock.

Bumming (n.) of Bum

Bum (n.) A humming noise.

Bumbailiff (n.) See Bound bailiff, under Bound, a.

Bumbarge (n.) See Bumboat.

Bumbelo (n.) A glass used in subliming camphor.

Bumble (n.) The bittern.

Bumblebee (n.) A large bee of the genus Bombus, sometimes called humblebee; -- so named from its sound.

Bumboat (n.) A clumsy boat, used for conveying provisions, fruit, etc., for sale, to vessels lying in port or off shore.

Bumkin (n.) A projecting beam or boom; as: (a) One projecting from each bow of a vessel, to haul the fore tack to, called a tack bumpkin. (b) One from each quarter, for the main-brace blocks, and called brace bumpkin. (c) A small outrigger over the stern of a boat, to extend the mizzen.

Bummalo (n.) A small marine Asiatic fish (Saurus ophidon) used in India as a relish; -- called also Bombay duck.

Bummer (n.) An idle, worthless fellow, who is without any visible means of support; a dissipated sponger.

Bummery (n.) See Bottomery.

Bump (n.) A thump; a heavy blow.

Bump (n.) A swelling or prominence, resulting from a bump or blow; a protuberance.

Bump (n.) One of the protuberances on the cranium which are associated with distinct faculties or affections of the mind; as, the bump of "veneration;" the bump of "acquisitiveness."

Bump (n.) The act of striking the stern of the boat in advance with the prow of the boat following.

Bump (n.) The noise made by the bittern.

Bumper (n.) A cup or glass filled to the brim, or till the liquor runs over, particularly in drinking a health or toast.

Bumper (n.) A covered house at a theater, etc., in honor of some favorite performer.

Bumper (n.) That which bumps or causes a bump.

Bumper (n.) Anything which resists or deadens a bump or shock; a buffer.

Bumpkin (n.) An awkward, heavy country fellow; a clown; a country lout.

Bumptiousness (n.) Conceitedness.

Bun (n.) Alt. of Bunn

Bunn (n.) A slightly sweetened raised cake or bisquit with a glazing of sugar and milk on the top crust.

Bunch (n.) A protuberance; a hunch; a knob or lump; a hump.

Bunch (n.) A collection, cluster, or tuft, properly of things of the same kind, growing or fastened together; as, a bunch of grapes; a bunch of keys.

Bunch (n.) A small isolated mass of ore, as distinguished from a continuous vein.

Bunchberry (n.) The dwarf cornel (Cornus Canadensis), which bears a dense cluster of bright red, edible berries.

Bunchiness (n.) The quality or condition of being bunchy; knobbiness.

Buncombe (n.) Alt. of Bunkum

Bunkum (n.) Speech-making for the gratification of constituents, or to gain public applause; flattering talk for a selfish purpose; anything said for mere show.

Bund (n.) League; confederacy; esp. the confederation of German states.

Bund (n.) An embankment against inundation.

Bunder (n.) A boat or raft used in the East Indies in the landing of passengers and goods.

Bundesrath (n.) The federal council of the German Empire. In the Bundesrath and the Reichstag are vested the legislative functions. The federal council of Switzerland is also so called.

Bundle (n.) A number of things bound together, as by a cord or envelope, into a mass or package convenient for handling or conveyance; a loose package; a roll; as, a bundle of straw or of paper; a bundle of old clothes.

Bung (n.) The large stopper of the orifice in the bilge of a cask.

Bung (n.) The orifice in the bilge of a cask through which it is filled; bunghole.

Bung (n.) A sharper or pickpocket.

Bungalow (n.) A thatched or tiled house or cottage, of a single story, usually surrounded by a veranda.

Bungarum (n.) A venomous snake of India, of the genus Bungarus, allied to the cobras, but without a hood.

Bunghole (n.) See Bung, n., 2.

Bungle (n.) A clumsy or awkward performance; a botch; a gross blunder.

Bungler (n.) A clumsy, awkward workman; one who bungles.

Bungo (n.) A kind of canoe used in Central and South America; also, a kind of boat used in the Southern United States.

Bunion (n.) Same as Bunyon.

Bunk (n.) A wooden case or box, which serves for a seat in the daytime and for a bed at night.

Bunk (n.) One of a series of berths or bed places in tiers.

Bunk (n.) A piece of wood placed on a lumberman's sled to sustain the end of heavy timbers.

Bunker (n.) A sort of chest or box, as in a window, the lid of which serves for a seat.

Bunker (n.) A large bin or similar receptacle; as, a coal bunker.

Bunko (n.) A kind of swindling game or scheme, by means of cards or by a sham lottery.

Bunkum (n.) See Buncombe.

Bunn (n.) See Bun.

Bunnian (n.) See Bunyon.

Bunny (n.) A great collection of ore without any vein coming into it or going out from it.

Bunny (n.) A pet name for a rabbit or a squirrel.

Bunt (n.) A fungus (Ustilago foetida) which affects the ear of cereals, filling the grains with a fetid dust; -- also called pepperbrand.

Bunt (n.) The middle part, cavity, or belly of a sail; the part of a furled sail which is at the center of the yard.

Bunter (n.) A woman who picks up rags in the streets; hence, a low, vulgar woman.

Bunting (n.) A bird of the genus Emberiza, or of an allied genus, related to the finches and sparrows (family Fringillidae).

Bunting (n.) Alt. of Buntine

Buntine (n.) A thin woolen stuff, used chiefly for flags, colors, and ships' signals.


Bunyon (n.) Alt. of Bunion

Bunion (n.) An enlargement and inflammation of a small membranous sac (one of the bursae muscosae), usually occurring on the first joint of the great toe.

Buoy (n.) A float; esp. a floating object moored to the bottom, to mark a channel or to point out the position of something beneath the water, as an anchor, shoal, rock, etc.

Buoyage (n.) Buoys, taken collectively; a series of buoys, as for the guidance of vessels into or out of port; the providing of buoys.

Buoyance (n.) Buoyancy.

Buoyancy (n.) The property of floating on the surface of a liquid, or in a fluid, as in the atmosphere; specific lightness, which is inversely as the weight compared with that of an equal volume of water.

Buoyancy (n.) The upward pressure exerted upon a floating body by a fluid, which is equal to the weight of the body; hence, also, the weight of a floating body, as measured by the volume of fluid displaced.

Buoyancy (n.) Cheerfulness; vivacity; live

Buprestidan (n.) One of a tribe of beetles, of the genus Buprestis and allied genera, usually with brilliant metallic colors. The larvae are usually borers in timber, or beneath bark, and are often very destructive to trees.

Bur (n.) Alt. of Burr

Burr (n.) Any rough or prickly envelope of the seeds of plants, whether a pericarp, a persistent calyx, or an involucre, as of the chestnut and burdock. Also, any weed which bears burs.

Burr (n.) The thin ridge left by a tool in cutting or shaping metal. See Burr, n., 2.

Burr (n.) A ring of iron on a lance or spear. See Burr, n., 4.

Burr (n.) The lobe of the ear. See Burr, n., 5.

Burr (n.) The sweetbread.

Burr (n.) A clinker; a partially vitrified brick.

Burr (n.) A small circular saw.

Burr (n.) A triangular chisel.

Burr (n.) A drill with a serrated head larger than the shank; -- used by dentists.

Burr (n.) The round knob of an antler next to a deer's head.

Burbolt (n.) A birdbolt.

Burbot (n.) A fresh-water fish of the genus Lota, having on the nose two very small barbels, and a larger one on the chin.

Burdelais (n.) A sort of grape.

Burden (n.) That which is borne or carried; a load.

Burden (n.) That which is borne with labor or difficulty; that which is grievous, wearisome, or oppressive.

Burden (n.) The capacity of a vessel, or the weight of cargo that she will carry; as, a ship of a hundred tons burden.

Burden (n.) The tops or heads of stream-work which lie over the stream of tin.

Burden (n.) The proportion of ore and flux to fuel, in the charge of a blast furnace.

Burden (n.) A fixed quantity of certain commodities; as, a burden of gad steel, 120 pounds.

Burden (n.) A birth.

Burden (n.) The verse repeated in a song, or the return of the theme at the end of each stanza; the chorus; refrain. Hence: That which is often repeated or which is dwelt upon; the main topic; as, the burden of a prayer.

Burden (n.) The drone of a bagpipe.

Burden (n.) A club.

Burdener (n.) One who loads; an oppressor.

Burdock (n.) A genus of coarse biennial herbs (Lappa), bearing small burs which adhere tenaciously to clothes, or to the fur or wool of animals.

Burdon (n.) A pilgrim's staff.

Bureau (n.) Originally, a desk or writing table with drawers for papers.

Bureau (n.) The place where such a bureau is used; an office where business requiring writing is transacted.

Bureau (n.) Hence: A department of public business requiring a force of clerks; the body of officials in a department who labor under the direction of a chief.

Bureau (n.) A chest of drawers for clothes, especially when made as an ornamental piece of furniture.

Bureaucracy (n.) A system of carrying on the business of government by means of departments or bureaus, each under the control of a chief, in contradiction to a system in which the officers of government have an associated authority and responsibility; also, government conducted on this system.

Bureaucracy (n.) Government officials, collectively.

Bureaucrat (n.) An official of a bureau; esp. an official confirmed in a narrow and arbitrary routine.

Bureaucratist (n.) An advocate for , or supporter of, bureaucracy.

Burette (n.) An apparatus for delivering measured quantities of liquid or for measuring the quantity of liquid or gas received or discharged. It consists essentially of a graduated glass tube, usually furnished with a small aperture and stopcock.

Burg (n.) A fortified town.

Burg (n.) A borough.

Burgage (n.) A tenure by which houses or lands are held of the king or other lord of a borough or city; at a certain yearly rent, or by services relating to trade or handicraft.

Burgall (n.) A small marine fish; -- also called cunner.

Burgamot (n.) See Bergamot.

Burganet (n.) See Burgonet.

Burgee (n.) A kind of small coat.

Burgee (n.) A swallow-tailed flag; a distinguishing pennant, used by cutters, yachts, and merchant vessels.

Burgeois (n.) See 1st Bourgeois.

Burgeois (n.) A burgess; a citizen. See 2d Bourgeois.

Burgess (n.) An inhabitant of a borough or walled town, or one who possesses a tenement therein; a citizen or freeman of a borough.

Burgess (n.) One who represents a borough in Parliament.

Burgess (n.) A magistrate of a borough.

Burgess (n.) An inhabitant of a Scotch burgh qualified to vote for municipal officers.

Burgess-ship (n.) The state of privilege of a burgess.

Burggrave (n.) Originally, one appointed to the command of a burg (fortress or castle); but the title afterward became hereditary, with a domain attached.

Burgh (n.) A borough or incorporated town, especially, one in Scotland. See Borough.

Burghbote (n.) A contribution toward the building or repairing of castles or walls for the defense of a city or town.

Burghbrech (n.) The offense of violating the pledge given by every inhabitant of a tithing to keep the peace; breach of the peace.

Burgher (n.) A freeman of a burgh or borough, entitled to enjoy the privileges of the place; any inhabitant of a borough.

Burgher (n.) A member of that party, among the Scotch seceders, which asserted the lawfulness of the burgess oath (in which burgesses profess "the true religion professed within the realm"), the opposite party being called antiburghers.

Burghermaster (n.) See Burgomaster.

Burghership (n.) The state or privileges of a burgher.

Burghmaster (n.) A burgomaster.

Burghmaster (n.) An officer who directs and lays out the meres or boundaries for the workmen; -- called also bailiff, and barmaster.

Burghmote (n.) A court or meeting of a burgh or borough; a borough court held three times yearly.

Burglar (n.) One guilty of the crime of burglary.

Burglarer (n.) A burglar.

Burglary (n.) Breaking and entering the dwelling house of another, in the nighttime, with intent to commit a felony therein, whether the felonious purpose be accomplished or not.

Burgomaster (n.) A chief magistrate of a municipal town in Holland, Flanders, and Germany, corresponding to mayor in England and the United States; a burghmaster.

Burgomaster (n.) An aquatic bird, the glaucous gull (Larus glaucus), common in arctic regions.

Burgonet (n.) A kind of helmet.

Burgoo (n.) A kind of oatmeal pudding, or thick gruel, used by seamen.

Burgrass (n.) Grass of the genus Cenchrus, growing in sand, and having burs for fruit.

Burgrave (n.) See Burggrave.

Burgundy (n.) An old province of France (in the eastern central part).

Burgundy (n.) A richly flavored wine, mostly red, made in Burgundy, France.

Burh (n.) See Burg.

Burhel (n.) Alt. of Burrhel

Burrhel (n.) The wild Himalayan, or blue, sheep (Ovis burrhel).

Burial (n.) A grave; a tomb; a place of sepulture.

Burial (n.) The act of burying; depositing a dead body in the earth, in a tomb or vault, or in the water, usually with attendant ceremonies; sepulture; interment.

Burier (n.) One who, or that which, buries.

Burin (n.) The cutting tool of an engraver on metal, used in

Burin (n.) The manner or style of execution of an engraver; as, a soft burin; a brilliant burin.

Burinist (n.) One who works with the burin.

Burion (n.) The red-breasted house sparrow of California (Carpodacus frontalis); -- called also crimson-fronted bullfinch.

Burkism (n.) The practice of killing persons for the purpose of selling their bodies for dissection.

Burl (n.) A knot or lump in thread or cloth.

Burl (n.) An overgrown knot, or an excrescence, on a tree; also, veneer made from such excrescences.

Burlap (n.) A coarse fabric, made of jute or hemp, used for bagging; also, a finer variety of similar material, used for curtains, etc.

Burler (n.) One who burls or dresses cloth.

Burlesque (n.) Ludicrous representation; exaggerated parody; grotesque satire.

Burlesque (n.) An ironical or satirical composition intended to excite laughter, or to ridicule anything.

Burlesque (n.) A ludicrous imitation; a caricature; a travesty; a gross perversion.

Burlesquer (n.) One who burlesques.


Burman (n.) A member of the Burman family, one of the four great families Burmah; also, sometimes, any inhabitant of Burmah; a Burmese.

Burn (n.) A hurt, injury, or effect caused by fire or excessive or intense heat.

Burn (n.) The operation or result of burning or baking, as in brickmaking; as, they have a good burn.

Burn (n.) A disease in vegetables. See Brand, n., 6.

Burn (n.) A small stream.

Burner (n.) One who, or that which, burns or sets fire to anything.

Burner (n.) The part of a lamp, gas fixture, etc., where the flame is produced.

Burnet (n.) A genus of perennial herbs (Poterium); especially, P.Sanguisorba, the common, or garden, burnet.

Burnie (n.) A small brook.

Burniebee (n.) The ladybird.

Burning (n.) The act of consuming by fire or heat, or of subjecting to the effect of fire or heat; the state of being on fire or excessively heated.

Burnish (n.) The effect of burnishing; gloss; brightness; luster.

Burnisher (n.) One who burnishes.

Burnisher (n.) A tool with a hard, smooth, rounded end or surface, as of steel, ivory, or agate, used in smoothing or polishing by rubbing. It has a variety of forms adapted to special uses.

Burnoose (n.) Alt. of Burnous

Burnous (n.) A cloaklike garment and hood woven in one piece, worn by Arabs.

Burnous (n.) A combination cloak and hood worn by women.

Burnstickle (n.) A stickleback (Gasterosteus aculeatus).

Burr (n.) A prickly seed vessel. See Bur, 1.

Burr (n.) The thin edge or ridge left by a tool in cutting or shaping metal, as in turning, engraving, pressing, etc.; also, the rough neck left on a bullet in casting.

Burr (n.) A thin flat piece of metal, formed from a sheet by punching; a small washer put on the end of a rivet before it is swaged down.

Burr (n.) A broad iron ring on a tilting lance just below the gripe, to prevent the hand from slipping.

Burr (n.) The lobe or lap of the ear.

Burr (n.) A guttural pronounciation of the letter r, produced by trilling the extremity of the soft palate against the back part of the tongue; rotacism; -- often called the Newcastle, Northumberland, or Tweedside, burr.

Burr (n.) The knot at the bottom of an antler. See Bur, n., 8.

Burrel (n.) A sort of pear, called also the red butter pear, from its smooth, delicious, soft pulp.

Burrel (n.) Same as Borrel.

Burro (n.) A donkey.

Burrock (n.) A small weir or dam in a river to direct the stream to gaps where fish traps are placed.

Burrow (n.) An incorporated town. See 1st Borough.

Burrow (n.) A shelter; esp. a hole in the ground made by certain animals, as rabbits, for shelter and habitation.

Burrow (n.) A heap or heaps of rubbish or refuse.

Burrow (n.) A mound. See 3d Barrow, and Camp, n., 5.

Burrower (n.) One who, or that which, burrows; an animal that makes a hole under ground and lives in it.

Burrstone (n.) See Buhrstone.

Bursa (n.) Any sac or saclike cavity; especially, one of the synovial sacs, or small spaces, often

Bursar (n.) A treasurer, or cash keeper; a purser; as, the bursar of a college, or of a monastery.

Bursar (n.) A student to whom a stipend or bursary is paid for his complete or partial support.

Bursarship (n.) The office of a bursar.

Bursary (n.) The treasury of a college or monastery.

Bursary (n.) A scholarship or charitable foundation in a university, as in Scotland; a sum given to enable a student to pursue his studies.

Bursch (n.) A youth; especially, a student in a german university.

Burse (n.) A purse; also, a vesicle; a pod; a hull.

Burse (n.) A fund or foundation for the maintenance of needy scholars in their studies; also, the sum given to the beneficiaries.

Burse (n.) An ornamental case of hold the corporal when not in use.

Burse (n.) An exchange, for merchants and bankers, in the cities of continental Europe. Same as Bourse.

Burse (n.) A kind of bazaar.

Bursitis (n.) Inflammation of a bursa.

Burst (n.) A sudden breaking forth; a violent rending; an explosion; as, a burst of thunder; a burst of applause; a burst of passion; a burst of inspiration.

Burst (n.) Any brief, violent exertion or effort; a spurt; as, a burst of speed.

Burst (n.) A sudden opening, as of landscape; a stretch; an expanse.

Burst (n.) A rupture or hernia; a breach.

Burster (n.) One that bursts.

Burstwort (n.) A plant (Herniaria glabra) supposed to be valuable for the cure of hernia or rupture.

Burt (n.) See Birt.

Burton (n.) A peculiar tackle, formed of two or more blocks, or pulleys, the weight being suspended to a hook block in the bight of the running part.

Bury (n.) A borough; a manor; as, the Bury of St. Edmond's

Bury (n.) A manor house; a castle.

Bus (n.) An omnibus.

Busby (n.) A military headdress or cap, used in the British army. It is of fur, with a bag, of the same color as the facings of the regiment, hanging from the top over the right shoulder.

Buscon (n.) One who searches for ores; a prospector.

Bush (n.) A thicket, or place abounding in trees or shrubs; a wild forest.

Bush (n.) A shrub; esp., a shrub with branches rising from or near the root; a thick shrub or a cluster of shrubs.

Bush (n.) A shrub cut off, or a shrublike branch of a tree; as, bushes to support pea vines.

Bush (n.) A shrub or branch, properly, a branch of ivy (as sacred to Bacchus), hung out at vintners' doors, or as a tavern sign; hence, a tavern sign, and symbolically, the tavern itself.

Bush (n.) The tail, or brush, of a fox.

Bush (n.) A lining for a hole to make it smaller; a thimble or ring of metal or wood inserted in a plate or other part of machinery to receive the wear of a pivot or arbor.

Bush (n.) A piece of copper, screwed into a gun, through which the venthole is bored.

Bushboy (n.) See Bushman.

Bushel (n.) A dry measure, containing four pecks, eight gallons, or thirty-two quarts.

Bushel (n.) A vessel of the capacity of a bushel, used in measuring; a bushel measure.

Bushel (n.) A quantity that fills a bushel measure; as, a heap containing ten bushels of apples.

Bushel (n.) A large indefinite quantity.

Bushel (n.) The iron lining in the nave of a wheel. [Eng.] In the United States it is called a box. See 4th Bush.

Bushelage (n.) A duty payable on commodities by the bushel.

Bushelman (n.) A tailor's assistant for repairing garments; -- called also busheler.

Bushet (n.) A small bush.

Bushfighter (n.) One accustomed to bushfighting.

Bushfighting (n.) Fighting in the bush, or from behind bushes, trees, or thickets.

Bushhammer (n.) A hammer with a head formed of a bundle of square bars, with pyramidal points, arranged in rows, or a solid head with a face cut into a number of rows of such points; -- used for dressing stone.

Bushiness (n.) The condition or quality of being bushy.

Bushing (n.) The operation of fitting bushes, or linings, into holes or places where wear is to be received, or friction diminished, as pivot holes, etc.

Bushing (n.) A bush or lining; -- sometimes called a thimble. See 4th Bush.

Bushman (n.) A woodsman; a settler in the bush.

Bushman (n.) One of a race of South African nomads, living principally in the deserts, and not classified as allied in race or language to any other people.

Bushment (n.) A thicket; a cluster of bushes.

Bushment (n.) An ambuscade.

Bushranger (n.) One who roams, or hides, among the bushes; especially, in Australia, an escaped criminal living in the bush.

Bushwhacker (n.) One accustomed to beat about, or travel through, bushes.

Bushwhacker (n.) A guerrilla; a marauding assassin; one who pretends to be a peaceful citizen, but secretly harasses a hostile force or its sympathizers.

Bushwhacking (n.) Traveling, or working a way, through bushes; pulling by the bushes, as in hauling a boat along the bushy margin of a stream.

Bushwhacking (n.) The crimes or warfare of bushwhackers.

Business (n.) That which busies one, or that which engages the time, attention, or labor of any one, as his principal concern or interest, whether for a longer or shorter time; constant employment; regular occupation; as, the business of life; business before pleasure.

Business (n.) Any particular occupation or employment engaged in for livelihood or gain, as agriculture, trade, art, or a profession.

Business (n.) Financial dealings; buying and selling; traffic in general; mercantile transactions.

Business (n.) That which one has to do or should do; special service, duty, or mission.

Business (n.) Affair; concern; matter; -- used in an indefinite sense, and modified by the connected words.

Business (n.) The position, distribution, and order of persons and properties on the stage of a theater, as determined by the stage manager in rehearsal.

Business (n.) Care; anxiety; diligence.

Busk (n.) A thin, elastic strip of metal, whalebone, wood, or other material, worn in the front of a corset.

Busket (n.) A small bush; also, a sprig or bouquet.

Busket (n.) A part of a garden devoted to shrubs.

Buskin (n.) A strong, protecting covering for the foot, coming some distance up the leg.

Buskin (n.) A similar covering for the foot and leg, made with very thick soles, to give an appearance of elevation to the stature; -- worn by tragic actors in ancient Greece and Rome. Used as a symbol of tragedy, or the tragic drama, as distinguished from comedy.

Buss (n.) A kiss; a rude or playful kiss; a smack.

Buss (n.) A small strong vessel with two masts and two cabins; -- used in the herring fishery.

Bust (n.) A piece of sculpture representing the upper part of the human figure, including the head, shoulders, and breast.

Bust (n.) The portion of the human figure included between the head and waist, whether in statuary or in the person; the chest or thorax; the upper part of the trunk of the body.

Bustard (n.) A bird of the genus Otis.

Buster (n.) Something huge; a roistering blade; also, a spree.

Bustling (n.) of Bustle

Bustle (n.) Great stir; agitation; tumult from stirring or excitement.

Bustle (n.) A kind of pad or cushion worn on the back below the waist, by women, to give fullness to the skirts; -- called also bishop, and tournure.

Bustler (n.) An active, stirring person.

Busto (n.) A bust; a statue.

Busybody (n.) One who officiously concerns himself with the affairs of others; a meddling person.

But (n.) A limit; a boundary.

But (n.) The end; esp. the larger or thicker end, or the blunt, in distinction from the sharp, end. See 1st Butt.

Butane (n.) An inflammable gaseous hydrocarbon, C4H10, of the marsh gas, or paraffin, series.

Butcher (n.) One who slaughters animals, or dresses their flesh for market; one whose occupation it is to kill animals for food.

Butcher (n.) A slaughterer; one who kills in large numbers, or with unusual cruelty; one who causes needless loss of life, as in battle.

Butchering (n.) The business of a butcher.

Butchering (n.) The act of slaughtering; the act of killing cruelly and needlessly.


Butchery (n.) The business of a butcher.

Butchery (n.) Murder or manslaughter, esp. when committed with unusual barbarity; great or cruel slaughter.

Butchery (n.) A slaughterhouse; the shambles; a place where blood is shed.

Butler (n.) An officer in a king's or a nobleman's household, whose principal business it is to take charge of the liquors, plate, etc.; the head servant in a large house.

Butlerage (n.) A duty of two shillings on every tun of wine imported into England by merchant strangers; -- so called because paid to the king's butler for the king.

Butlership (n.) The office of a butler.

Butment (n.) A buttress of an arch; the supporter, or that part which joins it to the upright pier.

Butment (n.) The mass of stone or solid work at the end of a bridge, by which the extreme arches are sustained, or by which the end of a bridge without arches is supported.

Butt (n.) A large cask or vessel for wine or beer. It contains two hogsheads.

Butt (n.) The common English flounder.

Butte (n.) A detached low mountain, or high rising abruptly from the general level of the surrounding plain; -- applied to peculiar elevations in the Rocky Mountain region.

Butter (n.) An oily, unctuous substance obtained from cream or milk by churning.

Butter (n.) Any substance resembling butter in degree of consistence, or other qualities, especially, in old chemistry, the chlorides, as butter of antimony, sesquichloride of antimony; also, certain concrete fat oils remaining nearly solid at ordinary temperatures, as butter of cacao, vegetable butter, shea butter.

Butter (n.) One who, or that which, butts.

Butterball (n.) The buffel duck.

Butterbird (n.) The rice bunting or bobolink; -- so called in the island of Jamaica.

Butterbump (n.) The European bittern.

Butterbur (n.) A broad-leaved plant (Petasites vulgaris) of the Composite family, said to have been used in England for wrapping up pats of butter.

Buttercup (n.) A plant of the genus Ranunculus, or crowfoot, particularly R. bulbosus, with bright yellow flowers; -- called also butterflower, golden cup, and kingcup. It is the cuckoobud of Shakespeare.

Butterfish (n.) A name given to several different fishes, in allusion to their slippery coating of mucus, as the Stromateus triacanthus of the Atlantic coast, the Epinephelus punctatus of the southern coast, the rock eel, and the kelpfish of New Zealand.

Butterfly (n.) A general name for the numerous species of diurnal Lepidoptera.

Butterine (n.) A substance prepared from animal fat with some other ingredients intermixed, as an imitation of butter.

Butteris (n.) A steel cutting instrument, with a long bent shank set in a handle which rests against the shoulder of the operator. It is operated by a thrust movement, and used in paring the hoofs of horses.

Butterman (n.) A man who makes or sells butter.

Buttermilk (n.) The milk that remains after the butter is separated from the cream.

Butternut (n.) An American tree (Juglans cinerea) of the Walnut family, and its edible fruit; -- so called from the oil contained in the latter. Sometimes called oil nut and white walnut.

Butternut (n.) The nut of the Caryocar butyrosum and C. nuciferum, of S. America; -- called also Souari nut.

Butter-scotch (n.) A kind of candy, mainly composed of sugar and butter.

Butterweed (n.) An annual composite plant of the Mississippi valley (Senecio lobatus).

Butterweight (n.) Over weight.

Butterwort (n.) A genus of low herbs (Pinguicula) having simple leaves which secrete from their glandular upper surface a viscid fluid, to which insects adhere, after which the margin infolds and the insects are digested by the plant. The species are found mostly in the North Temperate zone.

Buttery (n.) An apartment in a house where butter, milk and other provisions are kept.

Buttery (n.) A room in some English colleges where liquors, fruit, and refreshments are kept for sale to the students.

Buttery (n.) A cellar in which butts of wine are kept.

But-thorn (n.) The common European starfish (Asterias rubens).

Butting (n.) An abuttal; a boundary.

Buttock (n.) The part at the back of the hip, which, in man, forms one of the rounded protuberances on which he sits; the rump.

Buttock (n.) The convexity of a ship behind, under the stern.

Button (n.) A knob; a small ball; a small, roundish mass.

Button (n.) A catch, of various forms and materials, used to fasten together the different parts of dress, by being attached to one part, and passing through a slit, called a buttonhole, in the other; -- used also for ornament.

Button (n.) A bud; a germ of a plant.

Button (n.) A piece of wood or metal, usually flat and elongated, turning on a nail or screw, to fasten something, as a door.

Button (n.) A globule of metal remaining on an assay cupel or in a crucible, after fusion.

Button (n.) To fasten with a button or buttons; to inclose or make secure with buttons; -- often followed by up.

Button (n.) To dress or clothe.

Buttonball (n.) See Buttonwood.

Buttonbush (n.) A shrub (Cephalanthus occidentalis) growing by the waterside; -- so called from its globular head of flowers. See Capitulum.

Buttonhole (n.) The hole or loop in which a button is caught.

Buttonmold (n.) A disk of bone, wood, or other material, which is made into a button by covering it with cloth.

Buttons (n.) A boy servant, or page, -- in allusion to the buttons on his livery.

Buttonweed (n.) The name of several plants of the genera Spermacoce and Diodia, of the Madder family.

Buttonwood (n.) The Platanus occidentalis, or American plane tree, a large tree, producing rough balls, from which it is named; -- called also buttonball tree, and, in some parts of the United States, sycamore. The California buttonwood is P. racemosa.

Buttress (n.) A projecting mass of masonry, used for resisting the thrust of an arch, or for ornament and symmetry.

Buttress (n.) Anything which supports or strengthens.

Butty (n.) One who mines by contract, at so much per ton of coal or ore.

Butyl (n.) A compound radical, regarded as butane, less one atom of hydrogen.

Butylene (n.) Any one of three metameric hydrocarbons, C4H8, of the ethylene series. They are gaseous or easily liquefiable.

Butyrate (n.) A salt of butyric acid.

Butyrin (n.) A butyrate of glycerin; a fat contained in small quantity in milk, which helps to give to butter its peculiar flavor.

Butyrometer (n.) An instrument for determining the amount of fatty matter or butter contained in a sample of milk.

Butyrone (n.) A liquid ketone obtained by heating calcium butyrate.

Buxine (n.) An alkaloid obtained from the Buxus sempervirens, or common box tree. It is identical with bebeerine; -- called also buxina.

Buyer (n.) One who buys; a purchaser.

Buzz (n.) A continuous, humming noise, as of bees; a confused murmur, as of general conversation in low tones, or of a general expression of surprise or approbation.

Buzz (n.) A whisper; a report spread secretly or cautiously.

Buzz (n.) The audible friction of voice consonants.

Buzzard (n.) A bird of prey of the Hawk family, belonging to the genus Buteo and related genera.

Buzzard (n.) A blockhead; a dunce.

Buzzardet (n.) A hawk resembling the buzzard, but with legs relatively longer.

Buzzer (n.) One who, or that which, buzzes; a whisperer; a talebearer.

Byard (n.) A piece of leather crossing the breast, used by the men who drag sledges in coal mines.

By-bidder (n.) One who bids at an auction in behalf of the auctioneer or owner, for the purpose of running up the price of articles.

By-blow (n.) A side or incidental blow; an accidental blow.

By-blow (n.) An illegitimate child; a bastard.

By-corner (n.) A private corner.

By-dependence (n.) An appendage; that which depends on something else, or is distinct from the main dependence; an accessory.

By-drinking (n.) A drinking between meals.

Bye (n.) A thing not directly aimed at; something which is a secondary object of regard; an object by the way, etc.; as in on or upon the bye, i. e., in passing; indirectly; by implication.

Bye (n.) A run made upon a missed ball; as, to steal a bye.

Bye (n.) A dwelling.

Bye (n.) In certain games, a station or place of an individual player.

By-election (n.) An election held by itself, not at the time of a general election.

By-end (n.) Private end or interest; secret purpose; selfish advantage.

Bygone (n.) Something gone by or past; a past event.

By-interest (n.) Self-interest; private advantage.

Byland (n.) A peninsula.

Bylander (n.) See Bilander.

By-lane (n.) A private lane, or one opening out of the usual road.

By-law (n.) A local or subordinate law; a private law or regulation made by a corporation for its own government.

By-law (n.) A law that is less important than a general law or constitutional provision, and subsidiary to it; a rule relating to a matter of detail; as, civic societies often adopt a constitution and by-laws for the government of their members. In this sense the word has probably been influenced by by, meaning secondary or aside.

By-name (n.) A nickname.

By-pass (n.) A by-passage, for a pipe, or other channel, to divert circulation from the usual course.

By-passage (n.) A passage different from the usual one; a byway.

Bypath (n.) A private path; an obscure way; indirect means.

By-place (n.) A retired or private place.

Byplay (n.) Action carried on aside, and commonly in dumb show, while the main action proceeds.

By-product (n.) A secondary or additional product; something produced, as in the course of a manufacture, in addition to the principal product.

Byre (n.) A cow house.

By-respect (n.) Private end or view; by-interest.

Byroad (n.) A private or obscure road.

By-room (n.) A private room or apartment.

By-speech (n.) An incidental or casual speech, not directly relating to the point.

By-spell (n.) A proverb.

Byss (n.) See Byssus, n., 1.

Byssin (n.) See Byssus, n., 1.

Byssolite (n.) An olive-green fibrous variety of hornblende.

Byssus (n.) A cloth of exceedingly fine texture, used by the ancients. It is disputed whether it was of cotton,

Byssus (n.) A tuft of long, tough filaments which are formed in a groove of the foot, and issue from between the valves of certain bivalve mollusks, as the Pinna and Mytilus, by which they attach themselves to rocks, etc.

Byssus (n.) An obsolete name for certain fungi composed of slender threads.

Byssus (n.) Asbestus.

Bystander (n.) One who stands near; a spectator; one who has no concern with the business transacting.

By-street (n.) A separate, private, or obscure street; an out of the way or cross street.

By-stroke (n.) An accidental or a slyly given stroke.

By-turning (n.) An obscure road; a way turning from the main road.

By-view (n.) A private or selfish view; self-interested aim or purpose.

By-walk (n.) A secluded or private walk.

By-wash (n.) The outlet from a dam or reservoir; also, a cut to divert the flow of water.

Byway (n.) A secluded, private, or obscure way; a path or road aside from the main one.

By-wipe (n.) A secret or side stroke, as of raillery or sarcasm.

Byword (n.) A common saying; a proverb; a saying that has a general currency.

Byword (n.) The object of a contemptuous saying.

Bywork (n.) Work aside from regular work; subordinate or secondary business.

Byzant (n.) Alt. of Byzantine

Byzantine (n.) A gold coin, so called from being coined at Byzantium. See Bezant.

Byzantine (n.) A native or inhabitant of Byzantium, now Constantinople; sometimes, applied to an inhabitant of the modern city of Constantinople.

About the author

Mark McCracken

Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".

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