Singular Nouns Starting with E

Eadish (n.) See Eddish.

Eager (n.) Same as Eagre.

Eagerness (n.) The state or quality of being eager; ardent desire.

Eagerness (n.) Tartness; sourness.

Eagle (n.) Any large, rapacious bird of the Falcon family, esp. of the genera Aquila and Haliaeetus. The eagle is remarkable for strength, size, graceful figure, keenness of vision, and extraordinary flight. The most noted species are the golden eagle (Aquila chrysaetus); the imperial eagle of Europe (A. mogilnik / imperialis); the American bald eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus); the European sea eagle (H. albicilla); and the great harpy eagle (Thrasaetus harpyia). The figure of the eagle, a>

Eagle (n.) A gold coin of the United States, of the value of ten dollars.

Eagle (n.) A northern constellation, containing Altair, a star of the first magnitude. See Aquila.

Eagle (n.) The figure of an eagle borne as an emblem on the standard of the ancient Romans, or so used upon the seal or standard of any people.

Eagless (n.) A female or hen eagle.

Eaglestone (n.) A concretionary nodule of clay ironstone, of the size of a walnut or larger, so called by the ancients, who believed that the eagle transported these stones to her nest to facilitate the laying of her eggs; aetites.

Eaglet (n.) A young eagle, or a diminutive eagle.

Eaglewood (n.) A kind of fragrant wood. See Agallochum.

Eagrass (n.) See Eddish.

Eagre (n.) A wave, or two or three successive waves, of great height and violence, at flood tide moving up an estuary or river; -- commonly called the bore. See Bore.

Ealderman (n.) Alt. of Ealdorman

Ealdorman (n.) An alderman.

Eale (n.) Ale.

Eame (n.) Uncle.

Eanling (n.) A lamb just brought forth; a yeanling.

Ear (n.) The organ of hearing; the external ear.

Ear (n.) The sense of hearing; the perception of sounds; the power of discriminating between different tones; as, a nice ear for music; -- in the singular only.

Ear (n.) That which resembles in shape or position the ear of an animal; any prominence or projection on an object, -- usually one for support or attachment; a lug; a handle; as, the ears of a tub, a skillet, or dish. The ears of a boat are outside kneepieces near the bow. See Illust. of Bell.

Ear (n.) Same as Acroterium.

Ear (n.) Same as Crossette.

Ear (n.) Privilege of being kindly heard; favor; attention.

Ear (n.) The spike or head of any cereal (as, wheat, rye, barley, Indian corn, etc.), containing the kernels.

Earache (n.) Ache or pain in the ear.

Earcap (n.) A cap or cover to protect the ear from cold.

Earcockle (n.) A disease in wheat, in which the blackened and contracted grain, or ear, is filled with minute worms.

Eardrop (n.) A pendant for the ear; an earring; as, a pair of eardrops.

Eardrop (n.) A species of primrose. See Auricula.

Eardrum (n.) The tympanum. See Illust. of Ear.

Eariness (n.) Fear or timidity, especially of something supernatural.

Earing (n.) A

Earing (n.) A

Earing (n.) A

Earing (n.) Coming into ear, as corn.

Earing (n.) A plowing of land.

Earl (n.) A nobleman of England ranking below a marquis, and above a viscount. The rank of an earl corresponds to that of a count (comte) in France, and graf in Germany. Hence the wife of an earl is still called countess. See Count.

Earl (n.) The needlefish.

Earlap (n.) The lobe of the ear.

Earldom (n.) The jurisdiction of an earl; the territorial possessions of an earl.

Earldom (n.) The status, title, or dignity of an earl.

Earldorman (n.) Alderman.

Earlduck (n.) The red-breasted merganser (Merganser serrator).

Earlet (n.) An earring.


Earlock (n.) A lock or curl of hair near the ear; a lovelock. See Lovelock.

Earmark (n.) A mark on the ear of sheep, oxen, dogs, etc., as by cropping or slitting.

Earmark (n.) A mark for identification; a distinguishing mark.

Earn (n.) See Ern, n.

Earnest (n.) Seriousness; reality; fixed determination; eagerness; intentness.

Earnest (n.) Something given, or a part paid beforehand, as a pledge; pledge; handsel; a token of what is to come.

Earnest (n.) Something of value given by the buyer to the seller, by way of token or pledge, to bind the bargain and prove the sale.

Earnestness (n.) The state or quality of being earnest; intentness; anxiety.

Earning (n.) That which is earned; wages gained by work or services; money earned; -- used commonly in the plural.

Earpick (n.) An instrument for removing wax from the ear.

Ear-piercer (n.) The earwig.

Earreach (n.) Earshot.

Earring (n.) An ornament consisting of a ring passed through the lobe of the ear, with or without a pendant.

Earsh (n.) See Arrish.

Ear-shell (n.) A flattened marine univalve shell of the genus Haliotis; -- called also sea-ear. See Abalone.

Earshot (n.) Reach of the ear; distance at which words may be heard.

Earshrift (n.) A nickname for auricular confession; shrift.

Earsore (n.) An annoyance to the ear.

Earth (n.) The globe or planet which we inhabit; the world, in distinction from the sun, moon, or stars. Also, this world as the dwelling place of mortals, in distinction from the dwelling place of spirits.

Earth (n.) The solid materials which make up the globe, in distinction from the air or water; the dry land.

Earth (n.) The softer inorganic matter composing part of the surface of the globe, in distinction from the firm rock; soil of all kinds, including gravel, clay, loam, and the like; sometimes, soil favorable to the growth of plants; the visible surface of the globe; the ground; as, loose earth; rich earth.

Earth (n.) A part of this globe; a region; a country; land.

Earth (n.) Worldly things, as opposed to spiritual things; the pursuits, interests, and allurements of this life.

Earth (n.) The people on the globe.

Earth (n.) Any earthy-looking metallic oxide, as alumina, glucina, zirconia, yttria, and thoria.

Earth (n.) A similar oxide, having a slight alka

Earth (n.) A hole in the ground, where an animal hides himself; as, the earth of a fox.

Earth (n.) A plowing.

Earthbag (n.) A bag filled with earth, used commonly to raise or repair a parapet.

Earthbank (n.) A bank or mound of earth.

Earthboard (n.) The part of a plow, or other implement, that turns over the earth; the moldboard.

Earthdin (n.) An earthquake.

Earthdrake (n.) A mythical monster of the early Anglo-Saxon literature; a dragon.

Earthenware (n.) Vessels and other utensils, ornaments, or the like, made of baked clay. See Crockery, Pottery, Stoneware, and Porcelain.

Earthfork (n.) A pronged fork for turning up the earth.

Earthiness (n.) The quality or state of being earthy, or of containing earth; hence, grossness.


Earthling (n.) An inhabitant of the earth; a mortal.

Earthmad (n.) The earthworm.

Earthnut (n.) A name given to various roots, tubers, or pods grown under or on the ground

Earthnut (n.) The esculent tubers of the umbelliferous plants Bunium flexuosum and Carum Bulbocastanum.

Earthnut (n.) The peanut. See Peanut.

Earthpea (n.) A species of pea (Amphicarpaea monoica). It is a climbing leguminous plant, with hairy underground pods.

Earthquake (n.) A shaking, trembling, or concussion of the earth, due to subterranean causes, often accompanied by a rumbling noise. The wave of shock sometimes traverses half a hemisphere, destroying cities and many thousand lives; -- called also earthdin, earthquave, and earthshock.

Earthquave (n.) An earthquake.

Earthshock (n.) An earthquake.

Earthstar (n.) A curious fungus of the genus Geaster, in which the outer coating splits into the shape of a star, and the inner one forms a ball containing the dustlike spores.

Earth-tongue (n.) A fungus of the genus Geoglossum.

Earthwork (n.) Any construction, whether a temporary breastwork or permanent fortification, for attack or defense, the material of which is chiefly earth.

Earthwork (n.) The operation connected with excavations and embankments of earth in preparing foundations of buildings, in constructing canals, railroads, etc.

Earthwork (n.) An embankment or construction made of earth.

Earthworm (n.) Any worm of the genus Lumbricus and allied genera, found in damp soil. One of the largest and most abundant species in Europe and America is L. terrestris; many others are known; -- called also angleworm and dewworm.

Earthworm (n.) A mean, sordid person; a niggard.

Earwax (n.) See Cerumen.

Earwig (n.) Any insect of the genus Forticula and related genera, belonging to the order Euplexoptera.

Earwig (n.) In America, any small chilopodous myriapod, esp. of the genus Geophilus.

Earwig (n.) A whisperer of insinuations; a secret counselor.

Earwitness (n.) A witness by means of his ears; one who is within hearing and does hear; a hearer.

Ease (n.) Satisfaction; pleasure; hence, accommodation; entertainment.

Ease (n.) Freedom from anything that pains or troubles; as: (a) Relief from labor or effort; rest; quiet; relaxation; as, ease of body.

Ease (n.) Freedom from care, solicitude, or anything that annoys or disquiets; tranquillity; peace; comfort; security; as, ease of mind.

Ease (n.) Freedom from constraint, formality, difficulty, embarrassment, etc.; facility; liberty; naturalness; -- said of manner, style, etc.; as, ease of style, of behavior, of address.

Ease (n.) To free from anything that pains, disquiets, or oppresses; to relieve from toil or care; to give rest, repose, or tranquility to; -- often with of; as, to ease of pain; ease the body or mind.

Ease (n.) To render less painful or oppressive; to mitigate; to alleviate.

Ease (n.) To release from pressure or restraint; to move gently; to lift slightly; to shift a little; as, to ease a bar or nut in machinery.

Ease (n.) To entertain; to furnish with accommodations.

Easel (n.) A frame (commonly) of wood serving to hold a canvas upright, or nearly upright, for the painter's convenience or for exhibition.

Easement (n.) That which gives ease, relief, or assistance; convenience; accommodation.

Easement (n.) A liberty, privilege, or advantage, which one proprietor has in the estate of another proprietor, distinct from the ownership of the soil, as a way, water course, etc. It is a species of what the civil law calls servitude.

Easement (n.) A curved member instead of an abrupt change of direction, as in a baseboard, hand rail, etc.

Easiness (n.) The state or condition of being easy; freedom from distress; rest.

Easiness (n.) Freedom from difficulty; ease; as the easiness of a task.

Easiness (n.) Freedom from emotion; compliance; disposition to yield without opposition; unconcernedness.

Easiness (n.) Freedom from effort, constraint, or formality; -- said of style, manner, etc.

Easiness (n.) Freedom from jolting, jerking, or straining.

East (n.) The point in the heavens where the sun is seen to rise at the equinox, or the corresponding point on the earth; that one of the four cardinal points of the compass which is in a direction at right angles to that of north and south, and which is toward the right hand of one who faces the north; the point directly opposite to the west.

East (n.) The eastern parts of the earth; the regions or countries which lie east of Europe; the orient. In this indefinite sense, the word is applied to Asia Minor, Syria, Chaldea, Persia, India, China, etc.; as, the riches of the East; the diamonds and pearls of the East; the kings of the East.

East (n.) Formerly, the part of the United States east of the Alleghany Mountains, esp. the Eastern, or New England, States; now, commonly, the whole region east of the Mississippi River, esp. that which is north of Maryland and the Ohio River; -- usually with the definite article; as, the commerce of the East is not independent of the agriculture of the West.

Easter (n.) An annual church festival commemorating Christ's resurrection, and occurring on Sunday, the second day after Good Friday. It corresponds to the pasha or passover of the Jews, and most nations still give it this name under the various forms of pascha, pasque, paque, or pask.

Easter (n.) The day on which the festival is observed; Easter day.

Easterling (n.) A native of a country eastward of another; -- used, by the English, of traders or others from the coasts of the Baltic.

Easterling (n.) A piece of money coined in the east by Richard II. of England.

Easterling (n.) The smew.

East Indian (n.) A native of, or a dweller in, the East Indies.

Easting (n.) The distance measured toward the east between two meridians drawn through the extremities of a course; distance of departure eastward made by a vessel.

Easy-chair (n.) An armchair for ease or repose.

Eatable (n.) Something fit to be eaten.

Eatage (n.) Eatable growth of grass for horses and cattle, esp. that of aftermath.

Eater (n.) One who, or that which, eats.

Eating (n.) The act of tasking food; the act of consuming or corroding.

Eating (n.) Something fit to be eaten; food; as, a peach is good eating.

Eavedrop (n.) A drop from the eaves; eavesdrop.

Eavesdrop (n.) The water which falls in drops from the eaves of a house.

Eavesdropper (n.) One who stands under the eaves, or near the window or door of a house, to listen; hence, a secret listener.

Eavesdropping (n.) The habit of lurking about dwelling houses, and other places where persons meet fro private intercourse, secretly listening to what is said, and then tattling it abroad. The offense is indictable at common law.

Ebb (n.) The European bunting.

Ebb (n.) The reflux or flowing back of the tide; the return of the tidal wave toward the sea; -- opposed to flood; as, the boats will go out on the ebb.

Ebb (n.) The state or time of passing away; a falling from a better to a worse state; low state or condition; dec

Ebionite (n.) One of a sect of heretics, in the first centuries of the church, whose doctrine was a mixture of Judaism and Christianity. They denied the divinity of Christ, regarding him as an inspired messenger, and rejected much of the New Testament.

Ebionitism (n.) The system or doctrine of the Ebionites.

Eblanin (n.) See Pyroxanthin.

Eblis (n.) The prince of the evil spirits; Satan.

Ebon (n.) Ebony.

Ebonist (n.) One who works in ebony.

Ebonite (n.) A hard, black variety of vulcanite. It may be cut and polished, and is used for many small articles, as combs and buttons, and for insulating material in electric apparatus.

Ebony (n.) A hard, heavy, and durable wood, which admits of a fine polish or gloss. The usual color is black, but it also occurs red or green.

Ebriety (n.) Drunkenness; intoxication by spirituous liquors; inebriety.

Ebrillade (n.) A bridle check; a jerk of one rein, given to a horse when he refuses to turn.

Ebriosity (n.) Addiction to drink; habitual drunkenness.

Ebullience (n.) Alt. of Ebulliency

Ebulliency (n.) A boiling up or over; effervescence.

Ebullioscope (n.) An instrument for observing the boiling point of liquids, especially for determining the alcoholic strength of a mixture by the temperature at which it boils.

Ebullition (n.) A boiling or bubbling up of a liquid; the motion produced in a liquid by its rapid conversion into vapor.

Ebullition (n.) Effervescence occasioned by fermentation or by any other process which causes the liberation of a gas or an aeriform fluid, as in the mixture of an acid with a carbonated alkali.

Ebullition (n.) A sudden burst or violent display; an outburst; as, an ebullition of anger or ill temper.

Eburin (n.) A composition of dust of ivory or of bone with a cement; -- used for imitations of valuable stones and in making moldings, seals, etc.

Eburnation (n.) A condition of bone cartilage occurring in certain diseases of these tissues, in which they acquire an unnatural density, and come to resemble ivory.

Eburnification (n.) The conversion of certain substances into others which have the appearance or characteristics of ivory.

Ecarte (n.) A game at cards, played usually by two persons, in which the players may discard any or all of the cards dealt and receive others from the pack.

Ecballium (n.) A genus of cucurbitaceous plants consisting of the single species Ecballium agreste (or Elaterium), the squirting cucumber. Its fruit, when ripe, bursts and violently ejects its seeds, together with a mucilaginous juice, from which elaterium, a powerful cathartic medicine, is prepared.

Ecbasis (n.) A figure in which the orator treats of things according to their events consequences.

Ecbole (n.) A digression in which a person is introduced speaking his own words.

Ecbolic (n.) A drug, as ergot, which by exciting uterine contractions promotes the expulsion of the contents of the uterus.


Eccaleobion (n.) A contrivance for hatching eggs by artificial heat.

Eccentric (n.) A circle not having the same center as another contained in some measure within the first.

Eccentric (n.) One who, or that which, deviates from regularity; an anomalous or irregular person or thing.

Eccentric (n.) In the Ptolemaic system, the supposed circular orbit of a planet about the earth, but with the earth not in its center.

Eccentric (n.) A circle described about the center of an elliptical orbit, with half the major axis for radius.

Eccentric (n.) A disk or wheel so arranged upon a shaft that the center of the wheel and that of the shaft do not coincide. It is used for operating valves in steam engines, and for other purposes. The motion derived is precisely that of a crank having the same throw.

Eccentricity (n.) The state of being eccentric; deviation from the customary

Eccentricity (n.) The ratio of the distance between the center and the focus of an ellipse or hyperbola to its semi-transverse axis.

Eccentricity (n.) The ratio of the distance of the center of the orbit of a heavenly body from the center of the body round which it revolves to the semi-transverse axis of the orbit.

Eccentricity (n.) The distance of the center of figure of a body, as of an eccentric, from an axis about which it turns; the throw.

Ecchymosis (n.) A livid or black and blue spot, produced by the extravasation or effusion of blood into the areolar tissue from a contusion.

Eccle (n.) The European green woodpecker; -- also called ecall, eaquall, yaffle.

Ecclesia (n.) The public legislative assembly of the Athenians.

Ecclesia (n.) A church, either as a body or as a building.

Ecclesiarch (n.) An official of the Eastern Church, resembling a sacrist in the Western Church.

Ecclesiast (n.) An ecclesiastic.

Ecclesiast (n.) The Apocryphal book of Ecclesiasticus.

Ecclesiastic (n.) A person in holy orders, or consecrated to the service of the church and the ministry of religion; a clergyman; a priest.

Ecclesiasticism (n.) Strong attachment to ecclesiastical usages, forms, etc.

Ecclesiasticus (n.) A book of the Apocrypha.

Ecclesiologist (n.) One versed in ecclesiology.

Ecclesiology (n.) The science or theory of church building and decoration.

Eccritic (n.) A remedy which promotes discharges, as an emetic, or a cathartic.

Ecderon (n.) See Ecteron.

Ecdysis (n.) The act of shedding, or casting off, an outer cuticular layer, as in the case of serpents, lobsters, etc.; a coming out; as, the ecdysis of the pupa from its shell; exuviation.

Ecgonine (n.) A colorless, crystal

Echauguette (n.) A small chamber or place of protection for a sentinel, usually in the form of a projecting turret, or the like. See Castle.

Echelon (n.) An arrangement of a body of troops when its divisions are drawn up in parallel

Echelon (n.) An arrangement of a fleet in a wedge or V formation.

Echidna (n.) A monster, half maid and half serpent.

Echidna (n.) A genus of Monotremata found in Australia, Tasmania, and New Guinea. They are toothless and covered with spines; -- called also porcupine ant-eater, and Australian ant-eater.

Echidnine (n.) The clear, viscid fluid secreted by the poison glands of certain serpents; also, a nitrogenous base contained in this, and supposed to be the active poisonous principle of the virus.

Echinidan (n.) One the Echinoidea.

Echinite (n.) A fossil echinoid.

Echinococcus (n.) A parasite of man and of many domestic and wild animals, forming compound cysts or tumors (called hydatid cysts) in various organs, but especially in the liver and lungs, which often cause death. It is the larval stage of the Taenia echinococcus, a small tapeworm peculiar to the dog.

Echinoderm (n.) One of the Echinodermata.

Echinoid (n.) One of the Echinoidea.

Echinus (n.) A hedgehog.

Echinus (n.) A genus of echinoderms, including the common edible sea urchin of Europe.

Echinus (n.) The rounded molding forming the bell of the capital of the Grecian Doric style, which is of a peculiar elastic curve. See Entablature.

Echinus (n.) The quarter-round molding (ovolo) of the Roman Doric style. See Illust. of Column

Echinus (n.) A name sometimes given to the egg and anchor or egg and dart molding, because that ornament is often identified with Roman Doric capital. The name probably alludes to the shape of the shell of the sea urchin.

Echo (n.) A sound reflected from an opposing surface and repeated to the ear of a listener; repercussion of sound; repetition of a sound.

Echo (n.) Fig.: Sympathetic recognition; response; answer.

Echo (n.) A wood or mountain nymph, regarded as repeating, and causing the reverberation of them.

Echo (n.) A nymph, the daughter of Air and Earth, who, for love of Narcissus, pined away until nothing was left of her but her voice.

Echoer (n.) One who, or that which, echoes.

Echometer (n.) A graduated scale for measuring the duration of sounds, and determining their different, and the relation of their intervals.

Echometry (n.) The art of measuring the duration of sounds or echoes.

Echometry (n.) The art of constructing vaults to produce echoes.

Echoscope (n.) An instrument for intensifying sounds produced by percussion of the thorax.

Eclair (n.) A kind of frosted cake, containing flavored cream.

Eclampsia (n.) A fancied perception of flashes of light, a symptom of epilepsy; hence, epilepsy itself; convulsions.

Eclampsy (n.) Same as Eclampsia.

Eclat (n.) Brilliancy of success or effort; splendor; brilliant show; striking effect; glory; renown.

Eclat (n.) Demonstration of admiration and approbation; applause.

Eclectic (n.) One who follows an eclectic method.

Eclecticism (n.) Theory or practice of an eclectic.

Eclegm (n.) A medicine made by mixing oils with sirups.

Eclipse (n.) An interception or obscuration of the light of the sun, moon, or other luminous body, by the intervention of some other body, either between it and the eye, or between the luminous body and that illuminated by it. A lunar eclipse is caused by the moon passing through the earth's shadow; a solar eclipse, by the moon coming between the sun and the observer. A satellite is eclipsed by entering the shadow of its primary. The obscuration of a planet or star by the moon or a planet, >

Eclipse (n.) The loss, usually temporary or partial, of light, brilliancy, luster, honor, consciousness, etc.; obscuration; gloom; darkness.

Eclogite (n.) A rock consisting of granular red garnet, light green smaragdite, and common hornblende; -- so called in reference to its beauty.

Eclogue (n.) A pastoral poem, in which shepherds are introduced conversing with each other; a bucolic; an idyl; as, the Ecloques of Virgil, from which the modern usage of the word has been established.

Economics (n.) The science of household affairs, or of domestic management.

Economics (n.) Political economy; the science of the utilities or the useful application of wealth or material resources. See Political economy, under Political.

Economist (n.) One who economizes, or manages domestic or other concerns with frugality; one who expends money, time, or labor, judiciously, and without waste.

Economist (n.) One who is conversant with political economy; a student of economics.

Economization (n.) The act or practice of using to the best effect.

Economizer (n.) One who, or that which, economizes.

Economizer (n.) Specifically: (Steam Boilers) An arrangement of pipes for heating feed water by waste heat in the gases passing to the chimney.

Economy (n.) The management of domestic affairs; the regulation and government of household matters; especially as they concern expense or disbursement; as, a careful economy.

Economy (n.) Orderly arrangement and management of the internal affairs of a state or of any establishment kept up by production and consumption; esp., such management as directly concerns wealth; as, political economy.

Economy (n.) The system of rules and regulations by which anything is managed; orderly system of regulating the distribution and uses of parts, conceived as the result of wise and economical adaptation in the author, whether human or divine; as, the animal or vegetable economy; the economy of a poem; the Jewish economy.

Economy (n.) Thrifty and frugal housekeeping; management without loss or waste; frugality in expenditure; prudence and disposition to save; as, a housekeeper accustomed to economy but not to parsimony.

Ecorche (n.) A manikin, or image, representing an animal, especially man, with the skin removed so that the muscles are exposed for purposes of study.

Ecossaise (n.) A dancing tune in the Scotch style.

Ecoute (n.) One of the small galleries run out in front of the glacis. They serve to annoy the enemy's miners.

Ecphasis (n.) An explicit declaration.

Ecphonema (n.) A breaking out with some interjectional particle.

Ecphoneme (n.) A mark (!) used to indicate an exclamation.

Ecphonesis (n.) An animated or passionate exclamation.

Ecphractic (n.) An ecphractic medicine.

Ecrasement (n.) The operation performed with an ecraseur.

Ecraseur (n.) An instrument intended to replace the knife in many operations, the parts operated on being severed by the crushing effect produced by the gradual tightening of a steel chain, so that hemorrhage rarely follows.

Ecstasy (n.) The state of being beside one's self or rapt out of one's self; a state in which the mind is elevated above the reach of ordinary impressions, as when under the influence of overpowering emotion; an extraordinary elevation of the spirit, as when the soul, unconscious of sensible objects, is supposed to contemplate heavenly mysteries.

Ecstasy (n.) Excessive and overmastering joy or enthusiasm; rapture; enthusiastic delight.

Ecstasy (n.) Violent distraction of mind; violent emotion; excessive grief of anxiety; insanity; madness.

Ecstasy (n.) A state which consists in total suspension of sensibility, of voluntary motion, and largely of mental power. The body is erect and inflexible; the pulsation and breathing are not affected.

Ecstatic (n.) Pertaining to, or caused by, ecstasy or excessive emotion; of the nature, or in a state, of ecstasy; as, ecstatic gaze; ecstatic trance.

Ecstatic (n.) Delightful beyond measure; rapturous; ravishing; as, ecstatic bliss or joy.

Ecstatic (n.) An enthusiast.

Ectasia (n.) A dilatation of a hollow organ or of a canal.

Ectasis (n.) The lengthening of a syllable from short to long.

Ecteron (n.) The external layer of the skin and mucous membranes; epithelium; ecderon.

Ecthlipsis (n.) The dropping out or suppression from a word of a consonant, with or without a vowel.

Ecthlipsis (n.) The elision of a final m, with the preceding vowel, before a word beginning with a vowel.

Ecthoreum (n.) The slender, hollow thread of a nettling cell or cnida. See Nettling cell.

Ecthyma (n.) A cutaneous eruption, consisting of large, round pustules, upon an indurated and inflamed base.

Ectoblast (n.) The outer layer of the blastoderm; the epiblast; the ectoderm.

Ectoblast (n.) The outer envelope of a cell; the cell wall.

Ectobronchium (n.) One of the dorsal branches of the main bronchi in the lungs of birds.

Ectocuneriform (n.) Alt. of Ectocuniform

Ectocuniform (n.) One of the bones of the tarsus. See Cuneiform.

Ectocyst (n.) The outside covering of the Bryozoa.

Ectoderm (n.) The outer layer of the blastoderm; epiblast.

Ectoderm (n.) The external skin or outer layer of an animal or plant, this being formed in an animal from the epiblast. See Illust. of Blastoderm.

Ectomere (n.) The more transparent cells, which finally become external, in many segmenting ova, as those of mammals.

Ectoparasite (n.) Any parasite which lives on the exterior of animals; -- opposed to endoparasite.

Ectopia (n.) A morbid displacement of parts, especially such as is congenial; as, ectopia of the heart, or of the bladder.

Ectoplasm (n.) The outer transparent layer of protoplasm in a developing ovum.

Ectoplasm (n.) The outer hya

Ectoplasm (n.) The ectosarc of protozoan.

Ectopy (n.) Same as Ectopia.

Ectorganism (n.) An external parasitic organism.

Ectosarc (n.) The semisolid external layer of protoplasm in some unicellular organisms, as the amoeba; ectoplasm; exoplasm.

Ectostosis (n.) A process of bone formation in which ossification takes place in the perichondrium and either surrounds or gradually replaces the cartilage.

Ectozoon (n.) See Epizoon.

Ectropion (n.) An unnatural eversion of the eyelids.

Ectropium (n.) Same as Ectropion.

Ectype (n.) A copy, as in pottery, of an artist's original work. Hence:

Ectype (n.) A work sculptured in relief, as a cameo, or in bas-relief (in this sense used loosely).

Ectype (n.) A copy from an original; a type of something that has previously existed.

Ectypography (n.) A method of etching in which the design upon the plate is produced in relief.

Ecurie (n.) A stable.

Eczema (n.) An inflammatory disease of the skin, characterized by the presence of redness and itching, an eruption of small vesicles, and the discharge of a watery exudation, which often dries up, leaving the skin covered with crusts; -- called also tetter, milk crust, and salt rheum.

Edacity (n.) Greediness; voracity; ravenousness; rapacity.

Edda (n.) The religious or mythological book of the old Scandinavian tribes of German origin, containing two collections of Sagas (legends, myths) of the old northern gods and heroes.

Edder (n.) An adder or serpent.

Edder (n.) Flexible wood worked into the top of hedge stakes, to bind them together.

Eddish (n.) Aftermath; also, stubble and stubble field. See Arrish.

Eddy (n.) A current of air or water running back, or in a direction contrary to the main current.

Eddy (n.) A current of water or air moving in a circular direction; a whirlpool.

Edelweiss (n.) A little, perennial, white, woolly plant (Leontopodium alpinum), growing at high elevations in the Alps.

Edema (n.) Same as oedema.

Eden (n.) The garden where Adam and Eve first dwelt; hence, a delightful region or residence.

Edenite (n.) A variety of amphibole. See Amphibole.

Edental (n.) One of the Edentata.

Edentate (n.) One of the Edentata.

Edentation (n.) A depriving of teeth.

Edgebone (n.) Same as Aitchbone.

Edging (n.) That which forms an edge or border, as the fringe, trimming, etc., of a garment, or a border in a garden.

Edging (n.) The operation of shaping or dressing the edge of anything, as of a piece of metal.

Edh (n.) The name of the Anglo-Saxon letter /, capital form /. It is sounded as "English th in a similar word: //er, other, d//, doth."

Edibility (n.) Suitableness for being eaten; edibleness.

Edible (n.) Anything edible.

Edibleness (n.) Suitableness for being eaten.

Edict (n.) A public command or ordinance by the sovereign power; the proclamation of a law made by an absolute authority, as if by the very act of announcement; a decree; as, the edicts of the Roman emperors; the edicts of the French monarch.

Edification (n.) The act of edifying, or the state of being edified; a building up, especially in a moral or spiritual sense; moral, intellectual, or spiritual improvement; instruction.

Edification (n.) A building or edifice.

Edifice (n.) A building; a structure; an architectural fabric; -- chiefly applied to elegant houses, and other large buildings; as, a palace, a church, a statehouse.

Edifier (n.) One who builds.

Edifier (n.) One who edifies, builds up, or strengthens another by moral or religious instruction.

Edile (n.) See Aedile.

Edileship (n.) The office of aedile.

Edingtonite (n.) A grayish white zeolitic mineral, in tetragonal crystals. It is a hydrous silicate of alumina and baryta.

Edition (n.) A literary work edited and published, as by a certain editor or in a certain manner; as, a good edition of Chaucer; Chalmers' edition of Shakespeare.

Edition (n.) The whole number of copies of a work printed and published at one time; as, the first edition was soon sold.

Editioner (n.) An editor.

Editor (n.) One who edits; esp., a person who prepares, superintends, revises, and corrects a book, magazine, or newspaper, etc., for publication.

Editorial (n.) A leading article in a newspaper or magazine; an editorial article; an article published as an expression of the views of the editor.

Editorship (n.) The office or charge of an editor; care and superintendence of a publication.

Editress (n.) A female editor.

Edomite (n.) One of the descendants of Esau or Edom, the brother of Jacob; an Idumean.

Educability (n.) Capability of being educated.

Education (n.) The act or process of educating; the result of educating, as determined by the knowledge skill, or discip

Educationist (n.) One who is versed in the theories of, or who advocates and promotes, education.

Educator (n.) One who educates; a teacher.

Educt (n.) That which is educed, as by analysis.

Eduction (n.) The act of drawing out or bringing into view.

Eductor (n.) One who, or that which, brings forth, elicits, or extracts.

Edulcorant (n.) An edulcorant remedy.

Edulcoration (n.) The act of sweetening or edulcorating.

Edulcoration (n.) The act of freeing from acids or any soluble substances, by affusions of water.

Edulcorator (n.) A contrivance used to supply small quantities of sweetened liquid, water, etc., to any mixture, or to test tubes, etc.; a dropping bottle.

Eel (n.) An elongated fish of many genera and species. The common eels of Europe and America belong to the genus Anguilla. The electrical eel is a species of Gymnotus. The so called vinegar eel is a minute nematode worm. See Conger eel, Electric eel, and Gymnotus.

Eelbuck (n.) An eelpot or eel basket.

Eelfare (n.) A brood of eels.

Eelgrass (n.) A plant (Zostera marina), with very long and narrow leaves, growing abundantly in shallow bays along the North Atlantic coast.

Eel-mother (n.) The eelpout.

Eelpot (n.) A boxlike structure with funnel-shaped traps for catching eels; an eelbuck.

Eelpout (n.) A European fish (Zoarces viviparus), remarkable for producing living young; -- called also greenbone, guffer, bard, and Maroona eel. Also, an American species (Z. anguillaris), -- called also mutton fish, and, erroneously, congo eel, ling, and lamper eel. Both are edible, but of little value.

Eelpout (n.) A fresh-water fish, the burbot.

Eelspear (n.) A spear with barbed forks for spearing eels.

Een (n.) The old plural of Eye.

Effacement (n.) The act if effacing; also, the result of the act.

Effascination (n.) A charming; state of being bewitched or deluded.

Effect (n.) Execution; performance; realization; operation; as, the law goes into effect in May.

Effect (n.) Manifestation; expression; sign.

Effect (n.) In general: That which is produced by an agent or cause; the event which follows immediately from an antecedent, called the cause; result; consequence; outcome; fruit; as, the effect of luxury.

Effect (n.) Impression left on the mind; sensation produced.

Effect (n.) Power to produce results; efficiency; force; importance; account; as, to speak with effect.

Effect (n.) Consequence intended; purpose; meaning; general intent; -- with to.

Effect (n.) The purport; the sum and substance.

Effect (n.) Reality; actual meaning; fact, as distinguished from mere appearance.

Effect (n.) Goods; movables; personal estate; -- sometimes used to embrace real as well as personal property; as, the people escaped from the town with their effects.

Effecter (n.) One who effects.

Effection (n.) Creation; a doing.

Effective (n.) That which produces a given effect; a cause.

Effective (n.) One who is capable of active service.

Effective (n.) Specie or coin, as distinguished from paper currency; -- a term used in many parts of Europe.

Effectiveness (n.) The quality of being effective.

Effector (n.) An effecter.

Effectual (n.) Producing, or having adequate power or force to produce, an intended effect; adequate; efficient; operative; decisive.

Effectualness (n.) The quality of being effectual.

Effectuation (n.) Act of effectuating.

Effeminacy (n.) Characteristic quality of a woman, such as softness, luxuriousness, delicacy, or weakness, which is unbecoming a man; womanish delicacy or softness; -- used reproachfully of men.

Effeminateness (n.) The state of being effeminate; unmanly softness.

Effemination (n.) Effeminacy; womanishness.

Effendi (n.) Master; sir; -- a title of a Turkish state official and man of learning, especially one learned in the law.

Efferent (n.) An efferent duct or stream.

Effervescence (n.) Alt. of Effervescency

Effervescency (n.) A kind of natural ebullition; that commotion of a fluid which takes place when some part of the mass flies off in a gaseous form, producing innumerable small bubbles; as, the effervescence of a carbonate with citric acid.

Effet (n.) The common newt; -- called also asker, eft, evat, and ewt.

Efficacious (n.) Possessing the quality of being effective; productive of, or powerful to produce, the effect intended; as, an efficacious law.

Efficacity (n.) Efficacy.

Efficacy (n.) Power to produce effects; operation or energy of an agent or force; production of the effect intended; as, the efficacy of medicine in counteracting disease; the efficacy of prayer.

Efficience (n.) Alt. of Efficiency

Efficiency (n.) The quality of being efficient or producing an effect or effects; efficient power; effectual agency.

Efficiency (n.) The ratio of useful work to energy expended.

Efficient (n.) Causing effects; producing results; that makes the effect to be what it is; actively operative; not inactive, slack, or incapable; characterized by energetic and useful activity; as, an efficient officer, power.

Efficient (n.) An efficient cause; a prime mover.

Effigiation (n.) The act of forming in resemblance; an effigy.

Effigies (n.) See Effigy.

Effigy (n.) The image, likeness, or representation of a person, whether a full figure, or a part; an imitative figure; -- commonly applied to sculptured likenesses, as those on monuments, or to those of the heads of princes on coins and medals, sometimes applied to portraits.

Efflation (n.) The act of filling with wind; a breathing or puffing out; a puff, as of wind.

Efflorescence (n.) Flowering, or state of flowering; the blooming of flowers; blowth.

Efflorescence (n.) A redness of the skin; eruption, as in rash, measles, smallpox, scarlatina, etc.

Efflorescence (n.) The formation of the whitish powder or crust on the surface of efflorescing bodies, as salts, etc.

Efflorescence (n.) The powder or crust thus formed.

Efflorescency (n.) The state or quality of being efflorescent; efflorescence.

Effluence (n.) A flowing out, or emanation.

Effluence (n.) That which flows or issues from any body or substance; issue; efflux.

Effluency (n.) Effluence.

Effluent (n.) A stream that flows out of another stream or lake.

Efflux (n.) The act or process of flowing out, or issuing forth; effusion; outflow; as, the efflux of matter from an ulcer; the efflux of men's piety.

Efflux (n.) That which flows out; emanation; effluence.

Effluxion (n.) The act of flowing out; effusion.

Effluxion (n.) That which flows out; effluvium; emanation.

Efformation (n.) The act of giving shape or form.

Effort (n.) An exertion of strength or power, whether physical or mental, in performing an act or aiming at an object; more or less strenuous endeavor; struggle directed to the accomplishment of an object; as, an effort to scale a wall.

Effort (n.) A force acting on a body in the direction of its motion.

Effossion (n.) A digging out or up.

Effrenation (n.) Unbridled license; unru

Effrontery (n.) Impudence or boldness in confronting or in transgressing the bounds of duty or decorum; insulting presumptuousness; shameless boldness; barefaced assurance.

Effulgence (n.) The state of being effulgent; extreme brilliancy; a flood of light; great luster or brightness; splendor.

Effumability (n.) The capability of flying off in fumes or vapor.

Effuse (n.) Effusion; loss.

Effusion (n.) The act of pouring out; as, effusion of water, of blood, of grace, of words, and the like.

Effusion (n.) That which is poured out, literally or figuratively.

Effusion (n.) The escape of a fluid out of its natural vessel, either by rupture of the vessel, or by exudation through its walls. It may pass into the substance of an organ, or issue upon a free surface.

Effusion (n.) The liquid escaping or exuded.

Efreet (n.) See Afrit.

Eft (n.) A European lizard of the genus Seps.

Eft (n.) A salamander, esp. the European smooth newt (Triton punctatus).

Egality (n.) Equality.

Egence (n.) The state of needing, or of suffering a natural want.

Eger (n.) An impetuous flood; a bore. See Eagre.

Egestion (n.) Act or process of egesting; a voiding.

Egg (n.) The oval or roundish body laid by domestic poultry and other birds, tortoises, etc. It consists of a yolk, usually surrounded by the "white" or albumen, and inclosed in a shell or strong membrane.

Egg (n.) A simple cell, from the development of which the young of animals are formed; ovum; germ cell.

Egg (n.) Anything resembling an egg in form.

Eggar (n.) Any bombycid moth of the genera Eriogaster and Lasiocampa; as, the oak eggar (L. roboris) of Europe.

Egg-bird (n.) A species of tern, esp. the sooty tern (Sterna fuliginosa) of the West Indies. In the Bahama Islands the name is applied to the tropic bird, Phaethon flavirostris.

Egg-cup (n.) A cup used for holding an egg, at table.

Eggement (n.) Instigation; incitement.

Egger (n.) One who gathers eggs; an eggler.

Eggery (n.) A place where eggs are deposited (as by sea birds) or kept; a nest of eggs.

Egg-glass (n.) A small sandglass, running about three minutes, for marking time in boiling eggs; also, a small glass for holding an egg, at table.

Egghot (n.) A kind of posset made of eggs, brandy, sugar, and ale.

Eggler (n.) One who gathers, or deals in, eggs.

Eggnog (n.) A drink consisting of eggs beaten up with sugar, milk, and (usually) wine or spirits.

Eggplant (n.) A plant (Solanum Melongena), of East Indian origin, allied to the tomato, and bearing a large, smooth, edible fruit, shaped somewhat like an egg; mad-apple.

Eggshell (n.) The shell or exterior covering of an egg. Also used figuratively for anything resembling an eggshell.

Eggshell (n.) A smooth, white, marine, gastropod shell of the genus Ovulum, resembling an egg in form.

Egilops (n.) See Aegilops.

Eglantine (n.) A species of rose (Rosa Eglanteria), with fragrant foliage and flowers of various colors.

Eglantine (n.) The sweetbrier (R. rubiginosa).

Eglatere (n.) Eglantine.

Egling (n.) The European perch when two years old.

Ego (n.) The conscious and permanent subject of all psychical experiences, whether held to be directly known or the product of reflective thought; -- opposed to non-ego.

Egoism (n.) The doctrine of certain extreme adherents or disciples of Descartes and Johann Gottlieb Fichte, which finds all the elements of knowledge in the ego and the relations which it implies or provides for.

Egoism (n.) Excessive love and thought of self; the habit of regarding one's self as the center of every interest; selfishness; -- opposed to altruism.

Egoist (n.) One given overmuch to egoism or thoughts of self.

Egoist (n.) A believer in egoism.

Egoity (n.) Personality.

Egomism (n.) Egoism.

Egophony (n.) The sound of a patient's voice so modified as to resemble the bleating of a goat, heard on applying the ear to the chest in certain diseases within its cavity, as in pleurisy with effusion.

Egotheism (n.) The deification of self.

Egotism (n.) The practice of too frequently using the word I; hence, a speaking or writing overmuch of one's self; self-exaltation; self-praise; the act or practice of magnifying one's self or parading one's own doings. The word is also used in the sense of egoism.

Egotist (n.) One addicted to egotism; one who speaks much of himself or magnifies his own achievements or affairs.

Egregiousness (n.) The state of being egregious.

Egremoin (n.) Agrimony (Agrimonia Eupatoria).

Egress (n.) The act of going out or leaving, or the power to leave; departure.

Egress (n.) The passing off from the sun's disk of an inferior planet, in a transit.

Egression (n.) The act of going; egress.

Egressor (n.) One who goes out.

Egret (n.) The name of several species of herons which bear plumes on the back. They are generally white. Among the best known species are the American egret (Ardea, / Herodias, egretta); the great egret (A. alba); the little egret (A. garzetta), of Europe; and the American snowy egret (A. candidissima).

Egret (n.) A plume or tuft of feathers worn as a part of a headdress, or anything imitating such an ornament; an aigrette.

Egret (n.) The flying feathery or hairy crown of seeds or achenes, as the down of the thistle.

Egret (n.) A kind of ape.

Egrette (n.) Same as Egret, n., 2.

Egrimony (n.) Sorrow.

Egriot (n.) A kind of sour cherry.

Egritude (n.) Sickness; ailment; sorrow.

Egyptian (n.) A native, or one of the people, of Egypt; also, the Egyptian language.

Egyptian (n.) A gypsy.

Egyptologer (n.) Alt. of Egyptologist

Egyptologist (n.) One skilled in the antiquities of Egypt; a student of Egyptology.

Egyptology (n.) The science or study of Egyptian antiquities, esp. the hieroglyphics.

Ehlite (n.) A mineral of a green color and pearly luster; a hydrous phosphate of copper.

Eider (n.) Any species of sea duck of the genus Somateria, esp. Somateria mollissima, which breeds in the northern parts of Europe and America, and

Eidograph (n.) An instrument for copying drawings on the same or a different scale; a form of the pantograph.

Eidolon (n.) An image or representation; a form; a phantom; an apparition.

Eight (n.) An island in a river; an ait.

Eight (n.) The number greater by a unit than seven; eight units or objects.

Eight (n.) A symbol representing eight units, as 8 or viii.

Eighteen (n.) The number greater by a unit than seventeen; eighteen units or objects.

Eighteen (n.) A symbol denoting eighteen units, as 18 or xviii.

Eighteenth (n.) The quotient of a unit divided by eighteen; one of eighteen equal parts or divisions.

Eighteenth (n.) The eighth after the tenth.

Eighth (n.) The quotient of a unit divided by eight; one of eight equal parts; an eighth part.

Eighth (n.) The interval of an octave.

Eightieth (n.) The quotient of a unit divided by eighty; one of eighty equal parts.

Eightling (n.) A compound or twin crystal made up of eight individuals.

Eighty (n.) The sum of eight times ten; eighty units or objects.

Eighty (n.) A symbol representing eighty units, or ten eight times repeated, as 80 or lxxx.

Eiking (n.) See Eking.

Eikon (n.) An image or effigy; -- used rather in an abstract sense, and rarely for a work of art.

Eikosane (n.) A solid hydrocarbon, C20H42, of the paraffine series, of artificial production, and also probably occurring in petroleum.

Eikosylene (n.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C20H38, of the acetylene series, obtained from brown coal.

Eild (n.) Age.

Eire (n.) Air.

Eirenarch (n.) A justice of the peace; irenarch.

Eirie (n.) See Aerie, and Eyrie.

Eisel (n.) Vinegar; verjuice.

Eisteddfod (n.) Am assembly or session of the Welsh bards; an annual congress of bards, minstrels and literati of Wales, -- being a patriotic revival of the old custom.

Ejaculation (n.) The act of throwing or darting out with a sudden force and rapid flight.

Ejaculation (n.) The uttering of a short, sudden exclamation or prayer, or the exclamation or prayer uttered.

Ejaculation (n.) The act of ejecting or suddenly throwing, as a fluid from a duct.

Ejaculator (n.) A muscle which helps ejaculation.

Ejection (n.) The act of ejecting or casting out; discharge; expulsion; evacuation.

Ejection (n.) The act or process of discharging anything from the body, particularly the excretions.

Ejection (n.) The state of being ejected or cast out; dispossession; banishment.

Ejectment (n.) A casting out; a dispossession; an expulsion; ejection; as, the ejectment of tenants from their homes.

Ejectment (n.) A species of mixed action, which lies for the recovery of possession of real property, and damages and costs for the wrongful withholding of it.

Ejector (n.) One who, or that which, ejects or dispossesses.

Ejector (n.) A jet jump for lifting water or withdrawing air from a space.

Ejoo (n.) Gomuti fiber. See Gomuti.

Ejulation (n.) A wailing; lamentation.

Ekabor (n.) Alt. of Ekaboron

Ekaboron (n.) The name given by Mendelejeff in accordance with the periodic law, and by prediction, to a hypothetical element then unknown, but since discovered and named scandium; -- so called because it was a missing analogue of the boron group. See Scandium.

Ekaluminium (n.) The name given to a hypothetical element, -- later discovered and called gallium. See Gallium, and cf. Ekabor.

Ekasilicon (n.) The name of a hypothetical element predicted and afterwards discovered and named germanium; -- so called because it was a missing analogue of the silicon group. See Germanium, and cf. Ekabor.

Eke (n.) An addition.

Ekebergite (n.) A variety of scapolite.

Ekename (n.) An additional or epithet name; a nickname.

E-la (n.) Originally, the highest note in the scale of Guido; hence, proverbially, any extravagant saying.

Elaboration (n.) The act or process of producing or refining with labor; improvement by successive operations; refinement.

Elaboration (n.) The natural process of formation or assimilation, performed by the living organs in animals and vegetables, by which a crude substance is changed into something of a higher order; as, the elaboration of food into chyme; the elaboration of chyle, or sap, or tissues.

Elaborator (n.) One who, or that which, elaborates.

Elaboratory (n.) A laboratory.

Elaeagnus (n.) A genus of shrubs or small trees, having the foliage covered with small silvery scales; oleaster.

Elaeis (n.) A genus of palms.

Elaeolite (n.) A variety of hephelite, usually massive, of greasy luster, and gray to reddish color.

Elaeoptene (n.) The more liquid or volatile portion of certain oily substance, as distinguished from stearoptene, the more solid parts.

Elaidate (n.) A salt of elaidic acid.

Elaidin (n.) A solid isomeric modification of olein.

Elaine (n.) Alt. of Elain

Elain (n.) Same as Olein.

Elaiometer (n.) An apparatus for determining the amount of oil contained in any substance, or for ascertaining the degree of purity of oil.

Elamite (n.) A dweller in Flam (or Susiana), an ancient kingdom of Southwestern Asia, afterwards a province of Persia.

Eland (n.) A species of large South African antelope (Oreas canna). It is valued both for its hide and flesh, and is rapidly disappearing in the settled districts; -- called also Cape elk.

Eland (n.) The elk or moose.

Elanet (n.) A kite of the genus Elanus.

Elaolite (n.) See Elaeolite.

Elaoptene (n.) See Elaeoptene.

Elaphure (n.) A species of deer (Elaphurus Davidianus) found in china. It is about four feet high at the shoulder and has peculiar antlers.

Elapidation (n.) A clearing away of stones.

Elaps (n.) A genus of venomous snakes found both in America and the Old World. Many species are known. See Coral snake, under Coral.

Elapsion (n.) The act of elapsing.

Elasmobranch (n.) One of the Elasmobranchii.

Elasmobranchiate (n.) One of the Elasmobranchii.

Elasmosaurus (n.) An extinct, long-necked, marine, cretaceous reptile from Kansas, allied to Plesiosaurus.

Elastic (n.) An elastic woven fabric, as a belt, braces or suspenders, etc., made in part of India rubber.

Elasticity (n.) The quality of being elastic; the inherent property in bodies by which they recover their former figure or dimensions, after the removal of external pressure or altering force; springiness; tendency to rebound; as, the elasticity of caoutchouc; the elasticity of the air.

Elasticity (n.) Power of resistance to, or recovery from, depression or overwork.

Elasticness (n.) The quality of being elastic; elasticity.

Elastin (n.) A nitrogenous substance, somewhat resembling albumin, which forms the chemical basis of elastic tissue. It is very insoluble in most fluids, but is gradually dissolved when digested with either pepsin or trypsin.

Elatedness (n.) The state of being elated.

Elater (n.) One who, or that which, elates.

Elater (n.) An elastic spiral filament for dispersing the spores, as in some liverworts.

Elater (n.) Any beetle of the family Elateridae, having the habit, when laid on the back, of giving a sudden upward spring, by a quick movement of the articulation between the abdomen and thorax; -- called also click beetle, spring beetle, and snapping beetle.

Elater (n.) The caudal spring used by Podura and related insects for leaping. See Collembola.

Elater (n.) The active principle of elaterium, being found in the juice of the wild or squirting cucumber (Ecballium agreste, formerly Motordica Elaterium) and other related species. It is extracted as a bitter, white, crystal

Elaterite (n.) A mineral resin, of a blackish brown color, occurring in soft, flexible masses; -- called also mineral caoutchouc, and elastic bitumen.

Elaterium (n.) A cathartic substance obtained, in the form of yellowish or greenish cakes, as the dried residue of the juice of the wild or squirting cucumber (Ecballium agreste, formerly called Momordica Elaterium).

Elaterometer (n.) Same as Elatrometer.

Elatery (n.) Acting force; elasticity.

Elation (n.) A lifting up by success; exaltation; inriation with pride of prosperity.

Elatrometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the degree of rarefaction of air contained in the receiver of an air pump.

Elayl (n.) Olefiant gas or ethylene; -- so called by Berzelius from its forming an oil combining with chlorine. [Written also elayle.] See Ethylene.

Elbow (n.) The joint or bend of the arm; the outer curve in the middle of the arm when bent.

Elbow (n.) Any turn or bend like that of the elbow, in a wall, building, and the like; a sudden turn in a

Elbow (n.) A sharp angle in any surface of wainscoting or other woodwork; the upright sides which flank any paneled work, as the sides of windows, where the jamb makes an elbow with the window back.

Elbowboard (n.) The base of a window casing, on which the elbows may rest.

Elbowchair (n.) A chair with arms to support the elbows; an armchair.

Elbowroom (n.) Room to extend the elbows on each side; ample room for motion or action; free scope.

Elcaja (n.) An Arabian tree (Trichilia emetica). The fruit, which is emetic, is sometimes employed in the composition of an ointment for the cure of the itch.

Elcesaite (n.) One of a sect of Asiatic Gnostics of the time of the Emperor Trajan.

Eld (n.) Age; esp., old age.

Eld (n.) Old times; former days; antiquity.

Elder (n.) A genus of shrubs (Sambucus) having broad umbels of white flowers, and small black or red berries.

Eldership (n.) The state of being older; seniority.

Eldership (n.) Office of an elder; collectively, a body of elders.

Elderwort (n.) Danewort.

Elding (n.) Fuel.

Eleatic (n.) A philosopher of the Eleatic school.

Eleaticism (n.) The Eleatic doctrine.

Elecampane (n.) A large, coarse herb (Inula Helenium), with composite yellow flowers. The root, which has a pungent taste, is used as a tonic, and was formerly of much repute as a stomachic.

Elecampane (n.) A sweetmeat made from the root of the plant.

Elect (n.) One chosen or set apart.

Elect (n.) Those who are chosen for salvation.

Electant (n.) One who has the power of choosing; an elector.

Electary (n.) See Electuary.

Electicism (n.) See Eclecticism.

Electioneerer (n.) One who electioneers.

Elective (n.) In an American college, an optional study or course of study.

Elector (n.) One who elects, or has the right of choice; a person who is entitled to take part in an election, or to give his vote in favor of a candidate for office.

Elector (n.) Hence, specifically, in any country, a person legally qualified to vote.

Elector (n.) In the old German empire, one of the princes entitled to choose the emperor.

Elector (n.) One of the persons chosen, by vote of the people in the United States, to elect the President and Vice President.

Electorality (n.) The territory or dignity of an elector; electorate.

Electorate (n.) The territory, jurisdiction, or dignity of an elector, as in the old German empire.

Electorate (n.) The whole body of persons in a nation or state who are entitled to vote in an election, or any distinct class or division of them.

Electoress (n.) An electress.

Electorship (n.) The office or status of an elector.

Electre (n.) Alt. of Electer

Electer (n.) Amber. See Electrum.

Electer (n.) A metallic substance compounded of gold and silver; an alloy.

Electrepeter (n.) An instrument used to change the direction of electric currents; a commutator.

Electress (n.) The wife or widow of an elector in the old German empire.

Electric (n.) A nonconductor of electricity, as amber, glass, resin, etc., employed to excite or accumulate electricity.

Electrician (n.) An investigator of electricity; one versed in the science of electricity.

Electricity (n.) A power in nature, a manifestation of energy, exhibiting itself when in disturbed equilibrium or in activity by a circuit movement, the fact of direction in which involves polarity, or opposition of properties in opposite directions; also, by attraction for many substances, by a law involving attraction between surfaces of unlike polarity, and repulsion between those of like; by exhibiting accumulated polar tension when the circuit is broken; and by producing heat, light, c>

Electricity (n.) The science which unfolds the phenomena and laws of electricity; electrical science.

Electricity (n.) Fig.: Electrifying energy or characteristic.

Electrification (n.) The act of electrifying, or the state of being charged with electricity.

Electrition (n.) The recognition by an animal body of the electrical condition of external objects.

Electrization (n.) The act of electrizing; electrification.

Electrizer (n.) One who, or that which, electrizes.

Electro (n.) An electrotype.

Electro-ballistics (n.) The art or science of measuring the force or velocity of projectiles by means of electricity.

Electro-biologist (n.) One versed in electro-biology.

Electro-biology (n.) That branch of biology which treats of the electrical phenomena of living organisms.

Electro-biology (n.) That phase of mesmerism or animal magnetism, the phenomena of which are supposed to be produced by a form of electricity.

Electro-bioscopy (n.) A method of determining the presence or absence of life in an animal organism with a current of electricity, by noting the presence or absence of muscular contraction.

Electro-capillarity (n.) The occurrence or production of certain capillary effects by the action of an electrical current or charge.

Electro-chemistry (n.) That branch of science which treats of the relation of electricity to chemical changes.

Electro-chronograph (n.) An instrument for obtaining an accurate record of the time at which any observed phenomenon occurs, or of its duration. It has an electro-magnetic register connected with a clock. See Chronograph.

Electrode (n.) The path by which electricity is conveyed into or from a solution or other conducting medium; esp., the ends of the wires or conductors, leading from source of electricity, and terminating in the medium traversed by the current.

Electro-dynamics (n.) The phenomena of electricity in motion.

Electro-dynamics (n.) The branch of science which treats of the properties of electric currents; dynamical electricity.

Electro-dynamometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the strength of electro-dynamic currents.

Electro-engraving (n.) The art or process of engraving by means of electricity.

Electro-etching (n.) A mode of etching upon metals by electrolytic action.

Electrogenesis (n.) Same as Electrogeny.

Electrogeny (n.) A term sometimes applied to the effects (tetanus) produced in the muscles of the limbs, when a current of electricity is passed along the spinal cord or nerves.

Electro-gilding (n.) The art or process of gilding copper, iron, etc., by means of voltaic electricity.

Electrograph (n.) A mark, record, or tracing, made by the action of electricity.

Electro-kinetics (n.) That branch of electrical science which treats of electricity in motion.

Electrolier (n.) A branching frame, often of ornamental design, to support electric illuminating lamps.

Electrology (n.) That branch of physical science which treats of the phenomena of electricity and its properties.

Electrolysis (n.) The act or process of chemical decomposition, by the action of electricity; as, the electrolysis of silver or nickel for plating; the electrolysis of water.

Electrolyte (n.) A compound decomposable, or subjected to decomposition, by an electric current.

Electrolyzation (n.) The act or the process of electrolyzing.

Electro-magnet (n.) A mass, usually of soft iron, but sometimes of some other magnetic metal, as nickel or cobalt, rendered temporarily magnetic by being placed within a coil of wire through which a current of electricity is passing. The metal is generally in the form of a bar, either straight, or bent into the shape of a horseshoe.

Electro-magnetism (n.) The magnetism developed by a current of electricity; the science which treats of the development of magnetism by means of voltaic electricity, and of the properties or actions of the currents evolved.

Electro-metallurgy (n.) The act or art precipitating a metal electro-chemical action, by which a coating is deposited, on a prepared surface, as in electroplating and electrotyping; galvanoplasty.

Electrometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the quantity or intensity of electricity; also, sometimes, and less properly, applied to an instrument which indicates the presence of electricity (usually called an electroscope).

Elextrometry (n.) The art or process of making electrical measurements.

Electro-motion (n.) The motion of electricity or its passage from one metal to another in a voltaic circuit; mechanical action produced by means of electricity.

Electromotor (n.) A mover or exciter of electricity; as apparatus for generating a current of electricity.

Electromotor (n.) An apparatus or machine for producing motion and mechanical effects by the action of electricity; an electro-magnetic engine.

Electron (n.) Amber; also, the alloy of gold and silver, called electrum.

Electro-negative (n.) A body which passes to the positive pole in electrolysis.

Electropathy (n.) The treatment of disease by electricity.

Electrophone (n.) An instrument for producing sound by means of electric currents.

Electrophorus (n.) An instrument for exciting electricity, and repeating the charge indefinitely by induction, consisting of a flat cake of resin, shelllac, or ebonite, upon which is placed a plate of metal.

Electro-physiology (n.) That branch of physiology which treats of electric phenomena produced through physiological agencies.

Electroplater (n.) One who electroplates.

Electroplating (n.) The art or process of depositing a coating (commonly) of silver, gold, or nickel on an inferior metal, by means of electricity.

Electro-positive (n.) A body which passes to the negative pole in electrolysis.

Electro-puncturation (n.) Alt. of Electro-puncturing

Electro-puncturing (n.) See Electropuncture.

Electro-puncture (n.) An operation that consists in inserting needless in the part affected, and connecting them with the poles of a galvanic apparatus.

Electroscope (n.) An instrument for detecting the presence of electricity, or changes in the electric state of bodies, or the species of electricity present, as by means of pith balls, and the like.

Electrostatics (n.) That branch of science which treats of statical electricity or electric force in a state of rest.

Electro-stereotype (n.) Same as Electrotype.

Electro-telegraphy (n.) The art or science of constructing or using the electric telegraph; the transmission of messages by means of the electric telegraph.

Electro-therapeutics (n.) The branch of medical science which treats of the applications agent.

Electro-thermancy (n.) That branch of electrical science which treats of the effect of an electric current upon the temperature of a conductor, or a part of a circuit composed of two different metals.

Electro-tint (n.) A style of engraving in relief by means of voltaic electricity. A picture is drawn on a metallic plate with some material which resists the fluids of a battery; so that, in electro-typing, the parts not covered by the varnish, etc., receive a deposition of metal, and produce the required copy in intaglio. A cast of this is then the plate for printing.

Electrotonus (n.) The modified condition of a nerve, when a constant current of electricity passes through any part of it. See Anelectrotonus, and Catelectrotonus.

Electrotype (n.) A facsimile plate made by electrotypy for use in printing; also, an impression or print from such plate. Also used adjectively.

Electrotyper (n.) One who electrotypes.

Electrotyping (n.) The act or the process of making electrotypes.

Electrotypy (n.) The process of producing electrotype plates. See Note under Electrotype, n.

Electro-vitalism (n.) The theory that the functions of living organisms are dependent upon electricity or a kindred force.

Electrum (n.) Amber.

Electrum (n.) An alloy of gold and silver, of an amber color, used by the ancients.

Electrum (n.) German-silver plate. See German silver, under German.

Electuary (n.) A medicine composed of powders, or other ingredients, incorporated with some convserve, honey, or sirup; a confection. See the note under Confection.

Eleemosynary (n.) One who subsists on charity; a dependent.

Elegance (n.) Alt. of Elegancy

Elegancy (n.) The state or quality of being elegant; beauty as resulting from choice qualities and the complete absence of what deforms or impresses unpleasantly; grace given by art or practice; fine polish; refinement; -- said of manners, language, style, form, architecture, etc.

Elegancy (n.) That which is elegant; that which is tasteful and highly attractive.

Elegiac (n.) Elegiac verse.

Elegiast (n.) One who composes elegies.

Elegiographer (n.) An elegist.

Elegist (n.) A write of elegies.

Elegit (n.) A judicial writ of execution, by which a defendant's goods are appraised and delivered to the plaintiff, and, if not sufficient to satisfy the debt, all of his lands are delivered, to be held till the debt is paid by the rents and profits, or until the defendant's interest has expired.

Elegy (n.) A mournful or plaintive poem; a funereal song; a poem of lamentation.

Eleidin (n.) Lifeless matter deposited in the form of minute granules within the protoplasm of living cells.

Element (n.) One of the simplest or essential parts or principles of which anything consists, or upon which the constitution or fundamental powers of anything are based.

Element (n.) One of the ultimate, undecomposable constituents of any kind of matter. Specifically: (Chem.) A substance which cannot be decomposed into different kinds of matter by any means at present employed; as, the elements of water are oxygen and hydrogen.

Element (n.) One of the ultimate parts which are variously combined in anything; as, letters are the elements of written language; hence, also, a simple portion of that which is complex, as a shaft, lever, wheel, or any simple part in a machine; one of the essential ingredients of any mixture; a constituent part; as, quartz, feldspar, and mica are the elements of granite.

Element (n.) One out of several parts combined in a system of aggregation, when each is of the nature of the whole; as, a single cell is an element of the honeycomb.

Element (n.) One of the smallest natural divisions of the organism, as a blood corpuscle, a muscular fiber.

Element (n.) One of the simplest essential parts, more commonly called cells, of which animal and vegetable organisms, or their tissues and organs, are composed.

Element (n.) An infinitesimal part of anything of the same nature as the entire magnitude considered; as, in a solid an element may be the infinitesimal portion between any two planes that are separated an indefinitely small distance. In the calculus, element is sometimes used as synonymous with differential.

Element (n.) Sometimes a curve, or surface, or volume is considered as described by a moving point, or curve, or surface, the latter being at any instant called an element of the former.

Element (n.) One of the terms in an algebraic expression.

Element (n.) One of the necessary data or values upon which a system of calculations depends, or general conclusions are based; as, the elements of a planet's orbit.

Element (n.) The simplest or fundamental principles of any system in philosophy, science, or art; rudiments; as, the elements of geometry, or of music.

Element (n.) Any out

Element (n.) One of the simple substances, as supposed by the ancient philosophers; one of the imaginary principles of matter.

Element (n.) The four elements were, air, earth, water, and fire

Element (n.) the conditions and movements of the air.

Element (n.) The elements of the alchemists were salt, sulphur, and mercury.

Element (n.) The whole material composing the world.

Element (n.) The bread and wine used in the eucharist or Lord's supper.

Elementality (n.) The condition of being composed of elements, or a thing so composed.

Elementariness (n.) The state of being elementary; original simplicity; uncompounded state.

Elementarity (n.) Elementariness.

Elementation (n.) Instruction in the elements or first principles.

Elemi (n.) A fragrant gum resin obtained chiefly from tropical trees of the genera Amyris and Canarium. A. elemifera yields Mexican elemi; C. commune, the Manila elemi. It is used in the manufacture of varnishes, also in ointments and plasters.

Elemin (n.) A transparent, colorless oil obtained from elemi resin by distillation with water; also, a crystallizable extract from the resin.

Elench (n.) That part of an argument on which its conclusiveness depends; that which convinces of refutes an antagonist; a refutation.

Elench (n.) A specious but fallacious argument; a sophism.

Elenchus (n.) Same as Elench.

Elengeness (n.) Lone

Elephansy (n.) Elephantiasis.

Elephant (n.) A mammal of the order Proboscidia, of which two living species, Elephas Indicus and E. Africanus, and several fossil species, are known. They have a proboscis or trunk, and two large ivory tusks proceeding from the extremity of the upper jaw, and curving upwards. The molar teeth are large and have transverse folds. Elephants are the largest land animals now existing.

Elephant (n.) Ivory; the tusk of the elephant.

Elephantiasis (n.) A disease of the skin, in which it become enormously thickened, and is rough, hard, and fissured, like an elephant's hide.

Eleutheromania (n.) A mania or frantic zeal for freedom.

Elevatedness (n.) The quality of being elevated.

Elevation (n.) The act of raising from a lower place, condition, or quality to a higher; -- said of material things, persons, the mind, the voice, etc.; as, the elevation of grain; elevation to a throne; elevation of mind, thoughts, or character.

Elevation (n.) Condition of being elevated; height; exaltation.

Elevation (n.) That which is raised up or elevated; an elevated place or station; as, an elevation of the ground; a hill.

Elevation (n.) The distance of a celestial object above the horizon, or the arc of a vertical circle intercepted between it and the horizon; altitude; as, the elevation of the pole, or of a star.

Elevation (n.) The angle which the style makes with the substylar

Elevation (n.) The movement of the axis of a piece in a vertical plane; also, the angle of elevation, that is, the angle between the axis of the piece and the

Elevation (n.) A geometrical projection of a building, or other object, on a plane perpendicular to the horizon; orthographic projection on a vertical plane; -- called by the ancients the orthography.

Elevator (n.) One who, or that which, raises or lifts up anything

Elevator (n.) A mechanical contrivance, usually an endless belt or chain with a series of scoops or buckets, for transferring grain to an upper loft for storage.

Elevator (n.) A cage or platform and the hoisting machinery in a hotel, warehouse, mine, etc., for conveying persons, goods, etc., to or from different floors or levels; -- called in England a lift; the cage or platform itself.

Elevator (n.) A building for elevating, storing, and discharging, grain.

Elevator (n.) A muscle which serves to raise a part of the body, as the leg or the eye.

Elevator (n.) An instrument for raising a depressed portion of a bone.

Elevatory (n.) See Elevator, n. (e).

Eleve (n.) A pupil; a student.

Eleven (n.) The sum of ten and one; eleven units or objects.

Eleven (n.) A symbol representing eleven units, as 11 or xi.

Eleven (n.) The eleven men selected to play on one side in a match, as the representatives of a club or a locality; as, the all-England eleven.

Eleventh (n.) The quotient of a unit divided by eleven; one of eleven equal parts.

Eleventh (n.) The interval consisting of ten conjunct degrees; the interval made up of an octave and a fourth.

Elf (n.) An imaginary supernatural being, commonly a little sprite, much like a fairy; a mythological diminutive spirit, supposed to haunt hills and wild places, and generally represented as delighting in mischievous tricks.

Elf (n.) A very diminutive person; a dwarf.

Elfin (n.) A little elf or urchin.

Elfishness (n.) The quality of being elfish.

Elfkin (n.) A little elf.

Elfland (n.) Fairyland.

Elflock (n.) Hair matted, or twisted into a knot, as if by elves.

Elicitation (n.) The act of eliciting.

Eligibility (n.) The quality of being eligible; eligibleness; as, the eligibility of a candidate; the eligibility of an offer of marriage.

Eligibleness (n.) The quality worthy or qualified to be chosen; suitableness; desirableness.

Eliminant (n.) The result of eliminating n variables between n homogeneous equations of any degree; -- called also resultant.

Elimination (n.) The act of expelling or throwing off

Elimination (n.) the act of discharging or excreting waste products or foreign substances through the various emunctories.

Elimination (n.) Act of causing a quantity to disappear from an equation; especially, in the operation of deducing from several equations containing several unknown quantities a less number of equations containing a less number of unknown quantities.

Elimination (n.) The act of obtaining by separation, or as the result of eliminating; deduction. [See Eliminate, 4.]

Elinguation (n.) Punishment by cutting out the tongue.

Eliquament (n.) A liquid obtained from fat, or fat fish, by pressure.

Eliquation (n.) The process of separating a fusible substance from one less fusible, by means of a degree of heat sufficient to melt the one and not the other, as an alloy of copper and lead; liquation.

Elison (n.) Division; separation.

Elison (n.) The cutting off or suppression of a vowel or syllable, for the sake of meter or euphony; esp., in poetry, the dropping of a final vowel standing before an initial vowel in the following word, when the two words are drawn together.

Elisor (n.) An elector or chooser; one of two persons appointed by a court to return a jury or serve a writ when the sheriff and the coroners are disqualified.

Elite (n.) A choice or select body; the flower; as, the elite of society.

Elixation (n.) A seething; digestion.

Elixir (n.) A tincture with more than one base; a compound tincture or medicine, composed of various substances, held in solution by alcohol in some form.

Elixir (n.) An imaginary liquor capable of transmuting metals into gold; also, one for producing life indefinitely; as, elixir vitae, or the elixir of life.

Elixir (n.) The refined spirit; the quintessence.

Elixir (n.) Any cordial or substance which invigorates.

Elizabethan (n.) One who lived in England in the time of Queen Elizabeth.

Elk (n.) A large deer, of several species. The European elk (Alces machlis or Cervus alces) is closely allied to the American moose. The American elk, or wapiti (Cervus Canadensis), is closely related to the European stag. See Moose, and Wapiti.

Elk (n.) Alt. of Elke

Elke (n.) The European wild or whistling swan (Cygnus ferus).

Elknut (n.) The buffalo nut. See under Buffalo.

Elkwood (n.) The soft, spongy wood of a species of Magnolia (M. Umbrella).

Ell (n.) A measure for cloth; -- now rarely used. It is of different lengths in different countries; the English ell being 45 inches, the Dutch or Flemish ell 27, the Scotch about 37.

Ell (n.) See L.

Ellachick (n.) A fresh-water tortoise (Chelopus marmoratus) of California; -- used as food.

Ellebore (n.) Hellebore.

Elleborin (n.) See Helleborin.

Elleck (n.) The red gurnard or cuckoo fish.

Ellipse (n.) An oval or oblong figure, bounded by a regular curve, which corresponds to an oblique projection of a circle, or an oblique section of a cone through its opposite sides. The greatest diameter of the ellipse is the major axis, and the least diameter is the minor axis. See Conic section, under Conic, and cf. Focus.

Ellipse (n.) Omission. See Ellipsis.

Ellipse (n.) The elliptical orbit of a planet.

Ellipsis (n.) Omission; a figure of syntax, by which one or more words, which are obviously understood, are omitted; as, the virtues I admire, for, the virtues which I admire.

Ellipsis (n.) An ellipse.

Ellipsograph (n.) An instrument for describing ellipses; -- called also trammel.

Ellipsoid (n.) A solid, all plane sections of which are ellipses or circles. See Conoid, n., 2 (a).

Ellipticity (n.) Deviation of an ellipse or a spheroid from the form of a circle or a sphere; especially, in reference to the figure of the earth, the difference between the equatorial and polar semidiameters, divided by the equatorial; thus, the ellipticity of the earth is /.

Elliptograph (n.) Same as Ellipsograph.

Ellwand (n.) Formerly, a measuring rod an ell long.

Elm (n.) A tree of the genus Ulmus, of several species, much used as a shade tree, particularly in America. The English elm is Ulmus campestris; the common American or white elm is U. Americana; the slippery or red elm, U. fulva.

Elocation (n.) A removal from the usual place of residence.

Elocation (n.) Departure from the usual state; an ecstasy.

Elocution (n.) Utterance by speech.

Elocution (n.) Oratorical or expressive delivery, including the graces of intonation, gesture, etc.; style or manner of speaking or reading in public; as, clear, impressive elocution.

Elocution (n.) Suitable and impressive writing or style; eloquent diction.

Elocutionist (n.) One who is versed in elocution; a teacher of elocution.

Elodian (n.) One of a tribe of tortoises, including the terrapins, etc., in which the head and neck can be withdrawn.

Eloge (n.) A panegyrical funeral oration.

Elogist (n.) One who pronounces an eloge.

Elogium (n.) Alt. of Elogy

Elogy (n.) The praise bestowed on a person or thing; panegyric; eulogy.

Elohim (n.) One of the principal names by which God is designated in the Hebrew Scriptures.

Elohist (n.) The writer, or one of the writers, of the passages of the Old Testament, notably those of Elohim instead of Jehovah, as the name of the Supreme Being; -- distinguished from Jehovist.

Eloignment (n.) Removal to a distance; withdrawal.

Eloinment (n.) See Eloignment.

Elongation (n.) The act of lengthening, or the state of being lengthened; protraction; extension.

Elongation (n.) That which lengthens out; continuation.

Elongation (n.) Removal to a distance; withdrawal; a being at a distance; distance.

Elongation (n.) The angular distance of a planet from the sun; as, the elongation of Venus or Mercury.

Elopement (n.) The act of eloping; secret departure; -- said of a woman and a man, one or both, who run away from their homes for marriage or for cohabitation.

Eloper (n.) One who elopes.

Elops (n.) A genus of fishes. See Saury.

Elops (n.) A mythical serpent.

Eloquence (n.) Fluent, forcible, elegant, and persuasive speech in public; the power of expressing strong emotions in striking and appropriate language either spoken or written, thereby producing conviction or persuasion.

Eloquence (n.) Fig.: Whatever produces the effect of moving and persuasive speech.

Eloquence (n.) That which is eloquently uttered or written.

Elsin (n.) A shoemaker's awl.

Elucidation (n.) A making clear; the act of elucidating or that which elucidates, as an explanation, an exposition, an illustration; as, one example may serve for further elucidation of the subject.

Elucidator (n.) One who explains or elucidates; an expositor.

Eluctation (n.) A struggling out of any difficulty.

Elucubration (n.) See Lucubration.

Elul (n.) The sixth month of the Jewish year, by the sacred reckoning, or the twelfth, by the civil reckoning, corresponding nearly to the month of September.

Elusion (n.) Act of eluding; adroit escape, as by artifice; a mockery; a cheat; trickery.

Elutriation (n.) The process of elutriating; a decanting or racking off by means of water, as finer particles from heavier.

Eluxation (n.) Dislocation; luxation.

Elvan (n.) Alt. of Elvanite

Elvanite (n.) The rock of an elvan vein, or the elvan vein itself; an elvan course.

Elve (n.) An old form of Elf.

Elver (n.) A young eel; a young conger or sea eel; -- called also elvene.

Elwand (n.) See Ellwand.

Elysium (n.) A dwelling place assigned to happy souls after death; the seat of future happiness; Paradise.

Elysium (n.) Hence, any delightful place.

Elytrin (n.) See Chitin.

Elytron (n.) Alt. of Elytrum

Elytrum (n.) One of the anterior pair of wings in the Coleoptera and some other insects, when they are thick and serve only as a protection for the posterior pair.

Elytrum (n.) One of the shieldlike dorsal scales of certain annelids. See Chaetopoda.

Em (n.) The portion of a

Emaceration (n.) Emaciation.

Emaciation (n.) The act of making very lean.

Emaciation (n.) The state of being emaciated or reduced to excessive leanness; an excessively lean condition.

Emaculation (n.) The act of clearing from spots.

Emanation (n.) The act of flowing or proceeding from a fountain head or origin.

Emanation (n.) That which issues, flows, or proceeds from any object as a source; efflux; an effluence; as, perfume is an emanation from a flower.

Emancipation (n.) The act of setting free from the power of another, from slavery, subjection, dependence, or controlling influence; also, the state of being thus set free; liberation; as, the emancipation of slaves; the emancipation of minors; the emancipation of a person from prejudices; the emancipation of the mind from superstition; the emancipation of a nation from tyranny or subjection.

Emancipationist (n.) An advocate of emancipation, esp. the emancipation of slaves.

Emancipator (n.) One who emancipates.

Emancipist (n.) A freed convict.

Emargination (n.) The act of notching or indenting the margin, or the state of being so notched; also, a notch or shallow sinus in a margin.

Emasculation (n.) The act of depriving of virility, or the state of being so deprived; castration.

Emasculation (n.) The act of depriving, or state of being deprived, of vigor or strength; unmanly weakness.

Emasculator (n.) One who, or that which, emasculates.

Embalmer (n.) One who embalms.

Embalmment (n.) The act of embalming.

Embankment (n.) The act of surrounding or defending with a bank.

Embankment (n.) A structure of earth, gravel, etc., raised to prevent water from overflowing a level tract of country, to retain water in a reservoir, or to carry a roadway, etc.

Embarcation (n.) Same as Embarkation.

Embargo (n.) An edict or order of the government prohibiting the departure of ships of commerce from some or all of the ports within its dominions; a prohibition to sail.

Embarkation (n.) The act of putting or going on board of a vessel; as, the embarkation of troops.

Embarkation (n.) That which is embarked; as, an embarkation of Jesuits.

Embarkment (n.) Embarkation.

Embarrassment (n.) A state of being embarrassed; perplexity; impediment to freedom of action; entanglement; hindrance; confusion or discomposure of mind, as from not knowing what to do or to say; disconcertedness.

Embarrassment (n.) Difficulty or perplexity arising from the want of money to pay debts.

Embassade (n.) An embassy. See Ambassade.

Embassador (n.) Same as Ambassador.

Embassadress (n.) Same as Ambassadress.

Embassadry (n.) Embassy.

Embassage (n.) An embassy.

Embassage (n.) Message; errand.

Embassy (n.) The public function of an ambassador; the charge or business intrusted to an ambassador or to envoys; a public message to; foreign court concerning state affairs; hence, any solemn message.

Embassy (n.) The person or persons sent as ambassadors or envoys; the ambassador and his suite; envoys.

Embassy (n.) The residence or office of an ambassador.

Embattlement (n.) An intended parapet; a battlement.

Embattlement (n.) The fortifying of a building or a wall by means of battlements.

Embayment (n.) A bay.

Embedment (n.) The act of embedding, or the state of being embedded.

Embellisher (n.) One who embellishes.

Embellishment (n.) The act of adorning, or the state of being adorned; adornment.

Embellishment (n.) That which adds beauty or elegance; ornament; decoration; as, pictorial embellishments.

Ember (n.) A lighted coal, smoldering amid ashes; -- used chiefly in the plural, to signify mingled coals and ashes; the smoldering remains of a fire.

Ember-goose (n.) The loon or great northern diver. See Loon.

Embezzlement (n.) The fraudulent appropriation of property by a person to whom it has been intrusted; as, the embezzlement by a clerk of his employer's; embezzlement of public funds by the public officer having them in charge.

Embezzler (n.) One who embezzles.

Embiotocoid (n.) One of a family of fishes (Embiotocidae) abundant on the coast of California, remarkable for being viviparous; -- also called surf fishes and viviparous fishes. See Illust. in Append.

Embitterment (n.) The act of embittering; also, that which embitters.

Emblazoner (n.) One who emblazons; also, one who publishes and displays anything with pomp.

Emblazoning (n.) The act or art of heraldic decoration; de

Emblazonment (n.) An emblazoning.

Emblazonry (n.) The act or art of an emblazoner; heraldic or ornamental decoration, as pictures or figures on shields, standards, etc.; emblazonment.

Emblem (n.) Inlay; inlaid or mosaic work; something ornamental inserted in a surface.

Emblem (n.) A visible sign of an idea; an object, or the figure of an object, symbolizing and suggesting another object, or an idea, by natural aptness or by association; a figurative representation; a typical designation; a symbol; as, a balance is an emblem of justice; a scepter, the emblem of sovereignty or power; a circle, the emblem of eternity.

Emblem (n.) A picture accompanied with a motto, a set of verse, or the like, intended as a moral lesson or meditation.

Emblematist (n.) A writer or inventor of emblems.

Emblement (n.) The growing crop, or profits of a crop which has been sown or planted; -- used especially in the plural. The produce of grass, trees, and the like, is not emblement.

Embodier (n.) One who embodies.

Embodiment (n.) The act of embodying; the state of being embodied.

Embodiment (n.) That which embodies or is embodied; representation in a physical body; a completely organized system, like the body; as, the embodiment of courage, or of courtesy; the embodiment of true piety.

Emboguing (n.) The mouth of a river, or place where its waters are discharged.

Emboitement (n.) The hypothesis that all living things proceed from preexisting germs, and that these encase the germs of all future living things, inclosed one within another.

Emboldener (n.) One who emboldens.

Embolism (n.) Intercalation; the insertion of days, months, or years, in an account of time, to produce regularity; as, the embolism of a lunar month in the Greek year.

Embolism (n.) Intercalated time.

Embolism (n.) The occlusion of a blood vessel by an embolus. Embolism in the brain often produces sudden unconsciousness and paralysis.

Embolite (n.) A mineral consisting of both the chloride and the bromide of silver.

Embolus (n.) Something inserted, as a wedge; the piston or sucker of a pump or syringe.

Embolus (n.) A plug of some substance lodged in a blood vessel, being brought thither by the blood current. It consists most frequently of a clot of fibrin, a detached shred of a morbid growth, a globule of fat, or a microscopic organism.

Emboly (n.) Embolic invagination. See under Invagination.

Embonpoint (n.) Plumpness of person; -- said especially of persons somewhat corpulent.

Embosser (n.) One who embosses.

Embossment (n.) The act of forming bosses or raised figures, or the state of being so formed.

Embossment (n.) A bosslike prominence; figure in relief; raised work; jut; protuberance; esp., a combination of raised surfaces having a decorative effect.

Embouchure (n.) The mouth of a river; also, the mouth of a cannon.

Embouchure (n.) The mouthpiece of a wind instrument.

Embouchure (n.) The shaping of the lips to the mouthpiece; as, a flute player has a good embouchure.

Emboweler (n.) One who takes out the bowels.

Embowelment (n.) Disembowelment.

Emboyssement (n.) An ambush.

Embrace (n.) To clasp in the arms with affection; to take in the arms; to hug.

Embrace (n.) To cling to; to cherish; to love.

Embrace (n.) To seize eagerly, or with alacrity; to accept with cordiality; to welcome.

Embrace (n.) To encircle; to encompass; to inclose.

Embrace (n.) To include as parts of a whole; to comprehend; to take in; as, natural philosophy embraces many sciences.

Embrace (n.) To accept; to undergo; to submit to.

Embrace (n.) To attempt to influence corruptly, as a jury or court.

Embrace (n.) Intimate or close encircling with the arms; pressure to the bosom; clasp; hug.

Embracement (n.) A clasp in the arms; embrace.

Embracement (n.) State of being contained; inclosure.

Embracement (n.) Willing acceptance.

Embraceor (n.) One guilty of embracery.

Embracer (n.) One who embraces.

Embracery (n.) An attempt to influence a court, jury, etc., corruptly, by promises, entreaties, money, entertainments, threats, or other improper inducements.

Embranchment (n.) The branching forth, as of trees.

Embrasure (n.) An embrace.

Embrasure (n.) A splay of a door or window.

Embrasure (n.) An aperture with slant sides in a wall or parapet, through which cannon are pointed and discharged; a crenelle. See Illust. of Casemate.

Embreathement (n.) The act of breathing in; inspiration.

Embrocation (n.) The act of moistening and rubbing a diseased part with spirit, oil, etc.

Embrocation (n.) The liquid or lotion with which an affected part is rubbed.

Embroglio (n.) See Imbroglio.

Embroiderer (n.) One who embroiders.

Embroidery (n.) Needlework used to enrich textile fabrics, leather, etc.; also, the art of embroidering.

Embroidery (n.) Diversified ornaments, especially by contrasted figures and colors; variegated decoration.

Embroil (n.) See Embroilment.

Embroiler (n.) One who embroils.

Embroilment (n.) The act of embroiling, or the condition of being embroiled; entanglement in a broil.

Embryo (n.) The first rudiments of an organism, whether animal or plant

Embryo (n.) The young of an animal in the womb, or more specifically, before its parts are developed and it becomes a fetus (see Fetus).

Embryo (n.) The germ of the plant, which is inclosed in the seed and which is developed by germination.

Embryogeny (n.) The production and development of an embryo.

Embryogony (n.) The formation of an embryo.

Embryography (n.) The general description of embryos.

Embryologist (n.) One skilled in embryology.

Embryology (n.) The science which relates to the formation and development of the embryo in animals and plants; a study of the gradual development of the ovum until it reaches the adult stage.

Embryoplastic (n.) Relating to, or aiding in, the formation of an embryo; as, embryoplastic cells.

Embryotomy (n.) The cutting a fetus into pieces within the womb, so as to effect its removal.

Embryotroph (n.) The material from which an embryo is formed and nourished.

Embushment (n.) An ambush.

Eme (n.) An uncle.

Emeer (n.) Same as Emir.

Emenagogue (n.) See Emmenagogue.

Emendation (n.) The act of altering for the better, or correcting what is erroneous or faulty; correction; improvement.

Emendation (n.) Alteration by editorial criticism, as of a text so as to give a better reading; removal of errors or corruptions from a document; as, the book might be improved by judicious emendations.

Emendator (n.) One who emends or critically edits.

Emender (n.) One who emends.

Emerald (n.) A precious stone of a rich green color, a variety of beryl. See Beryl.

Emerald (n.) A kind of type, in size between minion and nonpare/l. It is used by English printers.

Emeraldine (n.) A green compound used as a dyestuff, produced from ani

Emeraud (n.) An emerald.

Emergence (n.) The act of rising out of a fluid, or coming forth from envelopment or concealment, or of rising into view; sudden uprisal or appearance.

Emergency (n.) Sudden or unexpected appearance; an unforeseen occurrence; a sudden occasion.

Emergency (n.) An unforeseen occurrence or combination of circumstances which calls for immediate action or remedy; pressing necessity; exigency.

Emeril (n.) Emery.

Emeril (n.) A glazier's diamond.

Emeritus (n.) A veteran who has honorably completed his service.

Emersion (n.) The act of emerging, or of rising out of anything; as, emersion from the sea; emersion from obscurity or difficulties.

Emersion (n.) The reappearance of a heavenly body after an eclipse or occultation; as, the emersion of the moon from the shadow of the earth; the emersion of a star from behind the moon.

Emery (n.) Corundum in the form of grains or powder, used in the arts for grinding and polishing hard substances. Native emery is mixed with more or less magnetic iron. See the Note under Corundum.

Emesis (n.) A vomiting.

Emetic (n.) A medicine which causes vomiting.

Emetine (n.) A white crystal

Emeu (n.) Alt. of Emew

Emew (n.) See Emu.

Emeute (n.) A seditious tumult; an outbreak.

Emgalla (n.) The South African wart hog. See Wart hog.

Emication (n.) A flying off in small particles, as heated iron or fermenting liquors; a sparkling; scintillation.

Emiction (n.) The voiding of urine.

Emiction (n.) What is voided by the urinary passages; urine.

Emigrant (n.) One who emigrates, or quits one country or region to settle in another.

Emigration (n.) The act of emigrating; removal from one country or state to another, for the purpose of residence, as from Europe to America, or, in America, from the Atlantic States to the Western.

Emigration (n.) A body emigrants; emigrants collectively; as, the German emigration.

Emigrationist (n.) An advocate or promoter of emigration.

Emigrator (n.) One who emigrates; am emigrant.

Emigre (n.) One of the natives of France who were opposed to the first Revolution, and who left their country in consequence.

Eminence (n.) That which is eminent or lofty; a high ground or place; a height.

Eminence (n.) An elevated condition among men; a place or station above men in general, either in rank, office, or celebrity; social or moral loftiness; high rank; distinction; preferment.

Eminence (n.) A title of honor, especially applied to a cardinal in the Roman Catholic Church.

Eminency (n.) State of being eminent; eminence.

Emir (n.) Alt. of Emeer

Emeer (n.) An Arabian military commander, independent chieftain, or ruler of a province; also, an honorary title given to the descendants of Mohammed, in the

Emirship (n.) Alt. of Emeership

Emeership (n.) The rank or office of an Emir.

Emissary (n.) An agent employed to advance, in a covert manner, the interests of his employers; one sent out by any power that is at war with another, to create dissatisfaction among the people of the latter.

Emissaryship (n.) The office of an emissary.

Emission (n.) The act of sending or throwing out; the act of sending forth or putting into circulation; issue; as, the emission of light from the sun; the emission of heat from a fire; the emission of bank notes.

Emission (n.) That which is sent out, issued, or put in circulation at one time; issue; as, the emission was mostly blood.

Emissivity (n.) Tendency to emission; comparative facility of emission, or rate at which emission takes place, as of heat from the surface of a heated body.

Emmanuel (n.) See Immanuel.

Emmenagogue (n.) A medicine that promotes the menstrual discharge.

Emmet (n.) An ant.

Emmetropia (n.) That refractive condition of the eye in which the rays of light are all brought accurately and without undue effort to a focus upon the retina; -- opposed to hypermetropia, myopia, an astigmatism.

Emmetropy (n.) Same as Emmetropia.

Emodin (n.) An orange-red crystal

Emollescence (n.) That degree of softness in a body beginning to melt which alters its shape; the first or lowest degree of fusibility.

Emollient (n.) An external something or soothing application to allay irritation, soreness, etc.

Emollition (n.) The act of softening or relaxing; relaxation.

Emolument (n.) The profit arising from office, employment, or labor; gain; compensation; advantage; perquisites, fees, or salary.

Emotion (n.) A moving of the mind or soul; excitement of the feelings, whether pleasing or painful; disturbance or agitation of mind caused by a specific exciting cause and manifested by some sensible effect on the body.

Emotionalism (n.) The cultivation of an emotional state of mind; tendency to regard things in an emotional manner.

Emotiveness (n.) Susceptibility to emotion.

Emotivity (n.) Emotiveness.

Empalement (n.) A fencing, inclosing, or fortifying with stakes.

Empalement (n.) A putting to death by thrusting a sharpened stake through the body.

Empalement (n.) Same as Impalement.

Empanel (n.) A list of jurors; a panel.

Emparlance (n.) Parley; imparlance.

Empasm (n.) A perfumed powder sprinkled upon the body to mask the odor of sweat.

Emperess (n.) See Empress.

Emperice (n.) An empress.

Emperor (n.) The sovereign or supreme monarch of an empire; -- a title of dignity superior to that of king; as, the emperor of Germany or of Austria; the emperor or Czar of Russia.

Emperorship (n.) The rank or office of an emperor.

Empery (n.) Empire; sovereignty; dominion.

Emphasis (n.) A particular stress of utterance, or force of voice, given in reading and speaking to one or more words whose signification the speaker intends to impress specially upon his audience.

Emphasis (n.) A peculiar impressiveness of expression or weight of thought; vivid representation, enforcing assent; as, to dwell on a subject with great emphasis.

Emphaticalness (n.) The quality of being emphatic; emphasis.

Emphysema (n.) A swelling produced by gas or air diffused in the cellular tissue.

Emphyteusis (n.) A real right, susceptible of assignment and of descent, charged on productive real estate, the right being coupled with the enjoyment of the property on condition of taking care of the estate and paying taxes, and sometimes a small rent.

Emphyteuticary (n.) One who holds lands by emphyteusis.

Empire (n.) Supreme power; sovereignty; sway; dominion.

Empire (n.) The dominion of an emperor; the territory or countries under the jurisdiction and dominion of an emperor (rarely of a king), usually of greater extent than a kingdom, always comprising a variety in the nationality of, or the forms of administration in, constituent and subordinate portions; as, the Austrian empire.

Empire (n.) Any dominion; supreme control; governing influence; rule; sway; as, the empire of mind or of reason.

Empiric (n.) One who follows an empirical method; one who relies upon practical experience.

Empiric (n.) One who confines himself to applying the results of mere experience or his own observation; especially, in medicine, one who deviates from the rules of science and regular practice; an ignorant and unlicensed pretender; a quack; a charlatan.

Empiricism (n.) The method or practice of an empiric; pursuit of knowledge by observation and experiment.

Empiricism (n.) Specifically, a practice of medicine founded on mere experience, without the aid of science or a knowledge of principles; ignorant and unscientific practice; charlatanry; quackery.

Empiricism (n.) The philosophical theory which attributes the origin of all our knowledge to experience.

Empiricist (n.) An empiric.

Emplaster (n.) See Plaster.

Emplaster (n.) To plaster over; to cover over so as to present a good appearance.

Emplastic (n.) A medicine causing constipation.

Emplastration (n.) The act or process of grafting by inoculation; budding.

Emplastration (n.) The application of a plaster or salve.

Emplection (n.) See Emplecton.

Emplecton (n.) A kind of masonry in which the outer faces of the wall are ashlar, the space between being filled with broken stone and mortar. Cross layers of stone are interlaid as binders.

Employ (n.) That which engages or occupies a person; fixed or regular service or business; employment.

Employe (n.) One employed by another; a clerk or workman in the service of an employer.

Employee (n.) One employed by another.

Employer (n.) One who employs another; as, an employer of workmen.

Employment (n.) The act of employing or using; also, the state of being employed.

Employment (n.) That which engages or occupies; that which consumes time or attention; office or post of business; service; as, agricultural employments; mechanical employments; public employments; in the employment of government.

Empoison (n.) Poison.

Empoisoner (n.) Poisoner.

Empoisonment (n.) The act of poisoning.

Emporium (n.) A place of trade; a market place; a mart; esp., a city or town with extensive commerce; the commercial center of a country.

Emporium (n.) The brain.

Empress (n.) The consort of an emperor.

Empress (n.) A female sovereign.

Empress (n.) A sovereign mistress.

Emprise (n.) An enterprise; endeavor; adventure.

Emprise (n.) The qualifies which prompt one to undertake difficult and dangerous exploits.

Emprosthotonos (n.) A drawing of the body forward, in consequence of the spasmodic action of some of the muscles.

Emptier (n.) One who, or that which, empties.

Emptiness (n.) The state of being empty; absence of contents; void space; vacuum; as, the emptiness of a vessel; emptiness of the stomach.

Emptiness (n.) Want of solidity or substance; unsatisfactoriness; inability to satisfy desire; vacuity; hollowness; the emptiness of earthly glory.

Emptiness (n.) Want of knowledge; lack of sense; vacuity of mind.

Emption (n.) The act of buying.

Empty (n.) An empty box, crate, cask, etc.; -- used in commerce, esp. in transportation of freight; as, "special rates for empties."

Emptying (n.) The act of making empty.

Emptying (n.) The lees of beer, cider, etc.; yeast.

Empuse (n.) A phantom or specter.

Empyema (n.) A collection of blood, pus, or other fluid, in some cavity of the body, especially that of the pleura.

Empyesis (n.) An eruption of pustules.

Empyreal (n.) Empyrean.

Empyrean (n.) The highest heaven, where the pure element of fire was supposed by the ancients to subsist.

Empyreuma (n.) The peculiar smell and taste arising from products of decomposition of animal or vegetable substances when burnt in close vessels.

Empyrosis (n.) A general fire; a conflagration.

Emu (n.) A large Australian bird, of two species (Dromaius Novae-Hollandiae and D. irroratus), related to the cassowary and the ostrich. The emu runs swiftly, but is unable to fly.

Emulation (n.) The endeavor to equal or to excel another in qualities or actions; an assiduous striving to equal or excel another; rivalry.

Emulation (n.) Jea/ous rivalry; envy; envious contention.

Emulator (n.) One who emulates, or strives to equal or surpass.

Emulatress (n.) A female emulator.

Emulgent (n.) An emulgent vessel, as a renal artery or vein.

Emulgent (n.) A medicine that excites the flow of bile.

Emulousness (n.) The quality of being emulous.

Emulsin (n.) The white milky pulp or extract of bitter almonds.

Emulsin (n.) An unorganized ferment (contained in this extract and in other vegetable juices), which effects the decomposition of certain glucosides.

Emulsion (n.) Any liquid preparation of a color and consistency resembling milk; as: (a) In pharmacy, an extract of seeds, or a mixture of oil and water united by a mucilaginous substance. (b) In photography, a liquid preparation of collodion holding salt of silver, used in the photographic process.

Emunctory (n.) Any organ or part of the body (as the kidneys, skin, etc.,) which serves to carry off excrementitious or waste matter.

Emuscation (n.) A freeing from moss.

Emyd (n.) A fresh-water tortoise of the family Emydidae.

En (n.) Half an em, that is, half of the unit of space in measuring printed matter. See Em.

Enablement (n.) The act of enabling, or the state of being enabled; ability.

Enact (n.) Purpose; determination.

Enactment (n.) The passing of a bill into a law; the giving of legislative sanction and executive approval to a bill whereby it is established as a law.

Enactment (n.) That which is enacted or passed into a law; a law; a decree; a statute; a prescribed requirement; as, a prohibitory enactment; a social enactment.

Enactor (n.) One who enacts a law; one who decrees or establishes as a law.

Enacture (n.) Enactment; resolution.

Enaliosaur (n.) One of the Enaliosauria.

Enaliosaurian (n.) One of the Enaliosauria.

Enallage (n.) A substitution, as of one part of speech for another, of one gender, number, case, person, tense, mode, or voice, of the same word, for another.

Enameler (n.) Alt. of Enamelist

Enamelist (n.) One who enamels; a workman or artist who applies enamels in ornamental work.

Enamorment (n.) The state of being enamored.

Enantiopathy (n.) An opposite passion or affection.

Enantiopathy (n.) Allopathy; -- a term used by followers of Hahnemann, or homeopathists.

Enantiosis (n.) A figure of speech by which what is to be understood affirmatively is stated negatively, and the contrary; affirmation by contraries.

Enargite (n.) An iron-black mineral of metallic luster, occurring in small orthorhombic crystals, also massive. It contains sulphur, arsenic, copper, and often silver.

Enarration (n.) A detailed exposition; relation.

Enarthrodia (n.) See Enarthrosis.

Enarthrosis (n.) A ball and socket joint, or the kind of articulation represented by such a joint. See Articulation.

Enatation (n.) A swimming out.

Enation (n.) Any unusual outgrowth from the surface of a thing, as of a petal; also, the capacity or act of producing such an outgrowth.

Encampment (n.) The act of pitching tents or forming huts, as by an army or traveling company, for temporary lodging or rest.

Encampment (n.) The place where an army or a company is encamped; a camp; tents pitched or huts erected for temporary lodgings.

Encapsulation (n.) The act of inclosing in a capsule; the growth of a membrane around (any part) so as to inclose it in a capsule.

Encarpus (n.) An ornament on a frieze or capital, consisting of festoons of fruit, flowers, leaves, etc.

Encasement (n.) The act of encasing; also, that which encases.

Encasement (n.) An old theory of generation similar to embo/tement. See Ovulist.

Encashment (n.) The payment in cash of a note, draft, etc.

Encauma (n.) An ulcer in the eye, upon the cornea, which causes the loss of the humors.

Enceinte (n.) The

Enceinte (n.) The area or town inclosed by a

Encense (n.) To offer incense to or upon; to burn incense.

Encephalitis (n.) Inflammation of the brain.

Encephalocele (n.) Hernia of the brain.

Encephaloid (n.) An encephaloid cancer.

Encephalology (n.) The science which treats of the brain, its structure and functions.

Encephalon (n.) The contents of the cranium; the brain.

Encephalopathy (n.) Any disease or symptoms of disease referable to disorders of the brain; as, lead encephalopathy, the cerebral symptoms attending chronic lead poisoning.

Encephalos (n.) The encephalon.

Encephalotomy (n.) The act or art of dissecting the brain.

Enchafing (n.) Heating; burning.

Enchainment (n.) The act of enchaining, or state of being enchained.

Enchanter (n.) One who enchants; a sorcerer or magician; also, one who delights as by an enchantment.

Enchantment (n.) The act of enchanting; the production of certain wonderful effects by the aid of demons, or the agency of supposed spirits; the use of magic arts, spells, or charms; incantation.

Enchantment (n.) The effect produced by the act; the state of being enchanted; as, to break an enchantment.

Enchantment (n.) That which captivates the heart and senses; an influence or power which fascinates or highly delights.

Enchantress (n.) A woman versed in magical arts; a sorceress; also, a woman who fascinates.

Encharge (n.) A charge.

Enchaser (n.) One who enchases.

Encheson (n.) Alt. of Encheason

Encheason (n.) Occasion, cause, or reason.

Enchiridion (n.) Handbook; a manual of devotions.

Enchodus (n.) A genus of extinct Cretaceous fishes; -- so named from their spear-shaped teeth. They were allied to the pike (Esox).

Enchondroma (n.) A cartilaginous tumor growing from the interior of a bone.

Enchylemma (n.) The basal substance of the cell nucleus; a hya

Enchyma (n.) The primitive formative juice, from which the tissues, particularly the cellular tissue, are formed.

Encincture (n.) A cincture.

Encirclet (n.) A small circle; a ring.

Enclave (n.) A tract of land or a territory inclosed within another territory of which it is independent. See Exclave.

Enclavement (n.) The state of being an enclave.

Enclitic (n.) A word which is joined to another so closely as to lose its proper accent, as the pronoun thee in prithee (pray thee).

Enclitics (n.) The art of declining and conjugating words.

Enclosure (n.) Inclosure. See Inclosure.

Encolure (n.) The neck of horse.

Encomberment (n.) Hindrance; molestation.

Encomiast (n.) One who praises; a panegyrist.

Encomiastic (n.) A panegyric.

Encomion (n.) Encomium; panegyric.

Encomium (n.) Warm or high praise; panegyric; strong commendation.

Encompassment (n.) The act of surrounding, or the state of being surrounded; circumvention.

Encore (n.) A call or demand (as, by continued applause) for a repetition; as, the encores were numerous.

Encorporing (n.) Incorporation.

Encoubert (n.) One of several species of armadillos of the genera Dasypus and Euphractus, having five toes both on the fore and hind feet.

Encounterer (n.) One who encounters; an opponent; an antagonist.

Encouragement (n.) The act of encouraging; incitement to action or to practice; as, the encouragement of youth in generosity.

Encouragement (n.) That which serves to incite, support, promote, or advance, as favor, countenance, reward, etc.; incentive; increase of confidence; as, the fine arts find little encouragement among a rude people.

Encourager (n.) One who encourages, incites, or helps forward; a favorer.

Encratite (n.) One of a sect in the 2d century who abstained from marriage, wine, and animal food; -- called also Continent.

Encrinite (n.) A fossil crinoid, esp. one belonging to, or resembling, the genus Encrinus. Sometimes used in a general sense for any crinoid.

Encrinus (n.) A genus of fossil encrinoidea, from the Mesozoic rocks.

Encroach (n.) Encroachment.

Encroacher (n.) One who by gradual steps enters on, and takes possession of, what is not his own.

Encroachment (n.) The act of entering gradually or silently upon the rights or possessions of another; unlawful intrusion.

Encroachment (n.) That which is taken by encroaching on another.

Encroachment (n.) An unlawful diminution of the possessions of another.

Encrustment (n.) That which is formed as a crust; incrustment; incrustation.

Encumberment (n.) Encumbrance.

Encumbrance (n.) That which encumbers; a burden which impedes action, or renders it difficult and laborious; a clog; an impediment. See Incumbrance.

Encumbrance (n.) Same as Incumbrance.

Encumbrancer (n.) Same as Incumbrancer.

Encyclic (n.) Alt. of Encyclical

Encyclical (n.) An encyclical letter, esp. one from a pope.

Encyclopedia (n.) Alt. of Encyclopaedia

Encyclopaedia (n.) The circle of arts and sciences; a comprehensive summary of knowledge, or of a branch of knowledge; esp., a work in which the various branches of science or art are discussed separately, and usually in alphabetical order; a cyclopedia.

Encyclopedism (n.) The art of writing or compiling encyclopedias; also, possession of the whole range of knowledge; encyclopedic learning.

Encyclopedist (n.) The compiler of an encyclopedia, or one who assists in such compilation; also, one whose knowledge embraces the whole range of the sciences.

Encystation (n.) Encystment.

Encystment (n.) A process which, among some of the lower forms of life, precedes reproduction by budding, fission, spore formation, etc.

Encystment (n.) A process by which many internal parasites, esp. in their larval states, become inclosed within a cyst in the muscles, liver, etc. See Trichina.

End (n.) The extreme or last point or part of any material thing considered lengthwise (the extremity of breadth being side); hence, extremity, in general; the concluding part; termination; close; limit; as, the end of a field,

End (n.) Point beyond which no procession can be made; conclusion; issue; result, whether successful or otherwise; conclusive event; consequence.

End (n.) Termination of being; death; destruction; extermination; also, cause of death or destruction.

End (n.) The object aimed at in any effort considered as the close and effect of exertion; ppurpose; intention; aim; as, to labor for private or public ends.

End (n.) That which is left; a remnant; a fragment; a scrap; as, odds and ends.

End (n.) One of the yarns of the worsted warp in a Brussels carpet.

End-all (n.) Complete termination.

Endamagement (n.) Damage; injury; harm.

Endangerment (n.) Hazard; peril.

Endearedness (n.) State of being endeared.

Endearment (n.) The act of endearing or the state of being endeared; also, that which manifests, excites, or increases, affection.

Endeavor (n.) An exertion of physical or intellectual strength toward the attainment of an object; a systematic or continuous attempt; an effort; a trial.

Endeavorer (n.) One who makes an effort or attempt.

Endeavorment (n.) Act of endeavoring; endeavor.

Endecagon (n.) A plane figure of eleven sides and angles.

Endecane (n.) One of the higher hydrocarbons of the paraffin series, C11H24, found as a constituent of petroleum.

Endeixis (n.) An indication.

Endemic (n.) An endemic disease.

Endemiology (n.) The science which treats of endemic affections.

Endenization (n.) The act of naturalizing.

Ender (n.) One who, or that which, makes an end of something; as, the ender of my life.

Enderon (n.) The deep sensitive and vascular layer of the skin and mucous membranes.

Endictment (n.) See Indictment.

Ending (n.) Termination; concluding part; result; conclusion; destruction; death.

Ending (n.) The final syllable or letter of a word; the part joined to the stem. See 3d Case, 5.

Endive (n.) A composite herb (Cichorium Endivia). Its finely divided and much curled leaves, when blanched, are used for salad.

Endlessness (n.) The quality of being endless; perpetuity.

Endoblast (n.) Entoblast; endoplast. See Nucleus,

Endocarditis (n.) Inflammation of the endocardium.

Endocardium (n.) The membrane lining the cavities of the heart.

Endocarp (n.) The inner layer of a ripened or fructified ovary.

Endochrome (n.) The coloring matter within the cells of plants, whether green, red, yellow, or any other color.

Endocyst (n.) The inner layer of the cells of Bryozoa.

Endoderm (n.) The inner layer of the skin or integument of an animal.

Endoderm (n.) The innermost layer of the blastoderm and the structures derived from it; the hypoblast; the entoblast. See Illust. of Ectoderm.

Endodermis (n.) A layer of cells forming a kind of cuticle inside of the proper cortical layer, or surrounding an individual fibrovascular bundle.

Endogamy (n.) Marriage only within the tribe; a custom restricting a man in his choice of a wife to the tribe to which he belongs; -- opposed to exogamy.

Endogen (n.) A plant which increases in size by internal growth and elongation at the summit, having the wood in the form of bundles or threads, irregularly distributed throughout the whole diameter, not forming annual layers, and with no distinct pith. The leaves of the endogens have, usually, parallel veins, their flowers are mostly in three, or some multiple of three, parts, and their embryos have but a single cotyledon, with the first leaves alternate. The endogens constitute one of the>

Endogenesis (n.) Endogeny.

Endogeny (n.) Growth from within; multiplication of cells by endogenous division, as in the development of one or more cells in the interior of a parent cell.

Endognath (n.) The inner or principal branch of the oral appendages of Crustacea. See Maxilla.

Endolymph (n.) The watery fluid contained in the membranous labyrinth of the internal ear.

Endometritis (n.) Inflammation of the endometrium.

Endometrium (n.) The membrane lining the inner surface of the uterus, or womb.

Endomorph (n.) A crystal of one species inclosed within one of another, as one of rutile inclosed in quartz.

Endomysium (n.) The delicate bands of connective tissue interspersed among muscular fibers.

Endoneurium (n.) The delicate bands of connective tissue among nerve fibers.

Endoparasite (n.) Any parasite which lives in the internal organs of an animal, as the tapeworms, Trichina, etc.; -- opposed to ectoparasite. See Entozoon.

Endophloeum (n.) The inner layer of the bark of trees.

Endophragma (n.) A chitinous structure above the nervous cord in the thorax of certain Crustacea.

Endoplasm (n.) The protoplasm in the interior of a cell.

Endoplasma (n.) Same as Entoplasm and Endosarc.

Endoplast (n.) See Nucleus.

Endoplastule (n.) See Nucleolus.

Endopleura (n.) The inner coating of a seed. See Tegmen.

Endopleurite (n.) The portion of each apodeme developed from the interepimeral membrane in certain crustaceans.

Endopodite (n.) The internal or principal branch of the locomotive appendages of Crustacea. See Maxilliped.

Endorhiza (n.) Any monocotyledonous plant; -- so named because many monocotyledons have an endorhizal embryo.

Endorse (n.) A subordinary, resembling the pale, but of one fourth its width (according to some writers, one eighth).

Endorsee (n.) Same as Indorsee.

Endorsement (n.) Same as Indorsement.

Endorser (n.) Same as Indorser.

Endosarc (n.) The semifluid, granular interior of certain unicellular organisms, as the inner layer of sarcode in the amoeba; entoplasm; endoplasta.

Endoscope (n.) An instrument for examining the interior of the rectum, the urethra, and the bladder.

Endoscopy (n.) The art or process of examining by means of the endoscope.

Endoskeleton (n.) The bony, cartilaginous, or other internal framework of an animal, as distinguished from the exoskeleton.

Endosmometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the force or amount of endosmotic action.

Endosmose (n.) Alt. of Endosmosis

Endosmosis (n.) The transmission of a fluid or gas from without inward in the phenomena, or by the process, of osmose.

Endosperm (n.) The albumen of a seed; -- limited by recent writers to that formed within the embryo sac.

Endospore (n.) The thin inner coat of certain spores.

Endosternite (n.) The part of each apodeme derived from the intersternal membrane in Crustacea and insects.

Endosteum (n.) The layer of vascular connective tissue lining the medullary cavities of bone.

Endostoma (n.) A plate which supports the labrum in certain Crustacea.

Endostome (n.) The foramen or passage through the inner integument of an ovule.

Endostome (n.) And endostoma.

Endostosis (n.) A process of bone formation in which ossification takes place within the substance of the cartilage.

Endostyle (n.) A fold of the endoderm, which projects into the blood cavity of ascidians. See Tunicata.

Endotheca (n.) The tissue which partially fills the interior of the interseptal chambers of most madreporarian corals. It usually consists of a series of oblique tranverse septa, one above another.

Endothecium (n.) The inner lining of an anther cell.

Endothelium (n.) The thin epithelium lining the blood vessels, lymphatics, and serous cavities. See Epithelium.

Endothorax (n.) An internal process of the sternal plates in the thorax of insects.

Endower (n.) One who endows.

Endowment (n.) The act of bestowing a dower, fund, or permanent provision for support.

Endowment (n.) That which is bestowed or settled on a person or an institution; property, fund, or revenue permanently appropriated to any object; as, the endowment of a church, a hospital, or a college.

Endowment (n.) That which is given or bestowed upon the person or mind; gift of nature; accomplishment; natural capacity; talents; -- usually in the plural.

Enduement (n.) Act of enduing; induement.

Endurance (n.) A state or quality of lasting or duration; lastingness; continuance.

Endurance (n.) The act of bearing or suffering; a continuing under pain or distress without resistance, or without being overcome; sufferance; patience.

Endurement (n.) Endurance.

Endurer (n.) One who, or that which, endures or lasts; one who bears, suffers, or sustains.

Endyma (n.) See Ependyma.

Endysis (n.) The act of developing a new coat of hair, a new set of feathers, scales, etc.; -- opposed to ecdysis.

Eneid (n.) Same as Aeneid.

Enema (n.) An injection, or clyster, thrown into the rectum as a medicine, or to impart nourishment.

Enemy (n.) One hostile to another; one who hates, and desires or attempts the injury of, another; a foe; an adversary; as, an enemy of or to a person; an enemy to truth, or to falsehood.

Energetics (n.) That branch of science which treats of the laws governing the physical or mechanical, in distinction from the vital, forces, and which comprehends the consideration and general investigation of the whole range of the forces concerned in physical phenomena.

Energizer (n.) One who, or that which, gives energy, or acts in producing an effect.

Energumen (n.) One possessed by an evil spirit; a demoniac.

Energy (n.) Internal or inherent power; capacity of acting, operating, or producing an effect, whether exerted or not; as, men possessing energies may suffer them to lie inactive.

Energy (n.) Power efficiently and forcibly exerted; vigorous or effectual operation; as, the energy of a magistrate.

Energy (n.) Strength of expression; force of utterance; power to impress the mind and arouse the feelings; life; spirit; -- said of speech, language, words, style; as, a style full of energy.

Energy (n.) Capacity for performing work.

Enervation (n.) The act of weakening, or reducing strength.

Enervation (n.) The state of being weakened; effeminacy.

Enfeeblement (n.) The act of weakening; enervation; weakness.

Enfeebler (n.) One who, or that which, weakens or makes feeble.

Enfeoffment (n.) The act of enfeoffing.

Enfeoffment (n.) The instrument or deed by which one is invested with the fee of an estate.

Enfilade (n.) A

Enfilade (n.) A firing in the direction of the length of a trench, or a

Enfoldment (n.) The act of infolding. See Infoldment.

Enforce (n.) Force; strength; power.

Enforcement (n.) The act of enforcing; compulsion.

Enforcement (n.) A giving force to; a putting in execution.

Enforcement (n.) That which enforces, constraints, gives force, authority, or effect to; constraint; force applied.

Enforcer (n.) One who enforces.

Enfranchisement (n.) Releasing from slavery or custody.

Enfranchisement (n.) Admission to the freedom of a corporation or body politic; investiture with the privileges of free citizens.

Enfranchiser (n.) One who enfranchises.

Engagedness (n.) The state of being deeply interested; earnestness; zeal.

Engagement (n.) The act of engaging, pledging, enlisting, occupying, or entering into contest.

Engagement (n.) The state of being engaged, pledged or occupied; specif., a pledge to take some one as husband or wife.

Engagement (n.) That which engages; engrossing occupation; employment of the attention; obligation by pledge, promise, or contract; an enterprise embarked in; as, his engagements prevented his acceptance of any office.

Engagement (n.) An action; a fight; a battle.

Engagement (n.) The state of being in gear; as, one part of a clutch is brought into engagement with the other part.

Engager (n.) One who enters into an engagement or agreement; a surety.

Engastrimuth (n.) An ventriloquist.

Engender (n.) One who, or that which, engenders.

Engendrure (n.) The act of generation.

Engine (n.) (Pronounced, in this sense, ////.) Natural capacity; ability; skill.

Engine (n.) Anything used to effect a purpose; any device or contrivance; an agent.

Engine (n.) Any instrument by which any effect is produced; especially, an instrument or machine of war or torture.

Engine (n.) A compound machine by which any physical power is applied to produce a given physical effect.

Engineer (n.) A person skilled in the principles and practice of any branch of engineering. See under Engineering, n.

Engineer (n.) One who manages as engine, particularly a steam engine; an engine driver.

Engineer (n.) One who carries through an enterprise by skillful or artful contrivance; an efficient manager.

Engineering (n.) Originally, the art of managing engines; in its modern and extended sense, the art and science by which the mechanical properties of matter are made useful to man in structures and machines; the occupation and work of an engineer.

Engineman (n.) A man who manages, or waits on, an engine.

Enginer (n.) A contriver; an inventor; a contriver of engines.

Enginery (n.) The act or art of managing engines, or artillery.

Enginery (n.) Engines, in general; instruments of war.

Enginery (n.) Any device or contrivance; machinery; structure or arrangement.

Engiscope (n.) A kind of reflecting microscope.

Engle (n.) A favorite; a paramour; an ingle.

English (n.) Collectively, the people of England; English people or persons.

English (n.) The language of England or of the English nation, and of their descendants in America, India, and other countries.

English (n.) A kind of printing type, in size between Pica and Great Primer. See Type.

English (n.) A twist or spinning motion given to a ball in striking it that influences the direction it will take after touching a cushion or another ball.

Englishism (n.) A quality or characteristic peculiar to the English.

Englishism (n.) A form of expression peculiar to the English language as spoken in England; an Anglicism.

Englishman (n.) A native or a naturalized inhabitant of England.

Englishry (n.) The state or privilege of being an Englishman.

Englishry (n.) A body of English or people of English descent; -- commonly applied to English people in Ireland.

Englishwoman (n.) Fem. of Englishman.

Engorgement (n.) The act of swallowing greedily; a devouring with voracity; a glutting.

Engorgement (n.) An overfullness or obstruction of the vessels in some part of the system; congestion.

Engorgement (n.) The clogging of a blast furnace.

Engraffment (n.) See Ingraftment.

Engraftation (n.) Alt. of Engraftment

Engraftment (n.) The act of ingrafting; ingraftment.

Engrailment (n.) The ring of dots round the edge of a medal, etc.

Engrailment (n.) Indentation in curved

Engravement (n.) Engraving.

Engravement (n.) Engraved work.

Engraver (n.) One who engraves; a person whose business it is to produce engraved work, especially on metal or wood.

Engravery (n.) The trade or work of an engraver.

Engraving (n.) The act or art of producing upon hard material incised or raised patterns, characters,

Engraving (n.) That which is engraved; an engraved plate.

Engraving (n.) An impression from an engraved plate, block of wood, or other material; a print.

Engrosser (n.) One who copies a writing in large, fair characters.

Engrosser (n.) One who takes the whole; a person who purchases such quantities of articles in a market as to raise the price; a forestaller.

Engrossment (n.) The act of engrossing; as, the engrossment of a deed.

Engrossment (n.) That which has been engrossed, as an instrument, legislative bill, goods, etc.

Engulfment (n.) A swallowing up as if in a gulf.

Enhancement (n.) The act of increasing, or state of being increased; augmentation; aggravation; as, the enhancement of value, price, enjoyments, crime.

Enhancer (n.) One who enhances; one who, or that which, raises the amount, price, etc.

Enhydros (n.) A variety of chalcedony containing water.

Enigma (n.) A dark, obscure, or inexplicable saying; a riddle; a statement, the hidden meaning of which is to be discovered or guessed.

Enigma (n.) An action, mode of action, or thing, which cannot be satisfactorily explained; a puzzle; as, his conduct is an enigma.

Enigmatist (n.) One who makes, or talks in, enigmas.

Enigmatography (n.) Alt. of Enigmatology

Enigmatology (n.) The art of making or of solving enigmas.

Enjoiner (n.) One who enjoins.

Enjoinment (n.) Direction; command; authoritative admonition.

Enjoyer (n.) One who enjoys.

Enjoyment (n.) The condition of enjoying anything; pleasure or satisfaction, as in the possession or occupancy of anything; possession and use; as, the enjoyment of an estate.

Enjoyment (n.) That which gives pleasure or keen satisfaction.

Enlacement (n.) The act of enlacing, or state of being enlaced; a surrounding as with a lace.

Enlargement (n.) The act of increasing in size or bulk, real or apparent; the state of being increased; augmentation; further extension; expansion.

Enlargement (n.) Expansion or extension, as of the powers of the mind; ennoblement, as of the feelings and character; as, an enlargement of views, of knowledge, of affection.

Enlargement (n.) A setting at large, or being set at large; release from confinement, servitude, or distress; liberty.

Enlargement (n.) Diffusiveness of speech or writing; expatiation; a wide range of discourse or argument.

Enlarger (n.) One that enlarges.

Enleven (n.) Eleven.

Enlightener (n.) One who enlightens or illuminates; one who, or that which, communicates light to the eye, or clear views to the mind.

Enlightenment (n.) Act of enlightening, or the state of being enlightened or instructed.

Enlistment (n.) The act or enlisting, or the state of being enlisted; voluntary enrollment to serve as a soldier or a sailor.

Enlistment (n.) The writing by which an enlisted man is bound.

Enlivener (n.) One who, or that which, enlivens, animates, or invigorates.

Enmity (n.) The quality of being an enemy; hostile or unfriendly disposition.

Enmity (n.) A state of opposition; hostility.

Ennation (n.) The ninth segment in insects.

Ennead (n.) The number nine or a group of nine.

Enneagon (n.) A polygon or plane figure with nine sides and nine angles; a nonagon.

Enheahedria (n.) Alt. of Enheahedron

Enheahedron (n.) A figure having nine sides; a nonagon.

Enneandria (n.) A Linnaean class of plants having nine stamens.

Ennoblement (n.) The act of making noble, or of exalting, dignifying, or advancing to nobility.

Ennoblement (n.) That which ennobles; excellence; dignity.

Ennobler (n.) One who ennobles.

Ennui (n.) A feeling of weariness and disgust; dullness and languor of spirits, arising from satiety or want of interest; tedium.

Ennuye (n.) One who is affected with ennui.

Ennuyee (n.) A woman affected with ennui.

Enodation (n.) The act or operation of clearing of knots, or of untying; hence, also, the solution of a difficulty.

Enomotarch (n.) The commander of an enomoty.

Enomoty (n.) A band of sworn soldiers; a division of the Spartan army ranging from twenty-five to thirty-six men, bound together by oath.

Enoptomancy (n.) Divination by the use of a mirror.

Enormity (n.) The state or quality of exceeding a measure or rule, or of being immoderate, monstrous, or outrageous.

Enormity (n.) That which is enormous; especially, an exceeding offense against order, right, or decency; an atrocious crime; flagitious villainy; an atrocity.

Enormousness (n.) The state of being enormous.

Enorthotrope (n.) An optical toy; a card on which confused or imperfect figures are drawn, but which form to the eye regular figures when the card is rapidly revolved. See Thaumatrope.

Enough (n.) A sufficiency; a quantity which satisfies desire, is adequate to the want, or is equal to the power or ability; as, he had enough to do take care of himself.

Enouncement (n.) Act of enouncing; that which is enounced.

Enquirer (n.) See Inquirer.

Enquiry (n.) See Inquiry.

Enragement (n.) Act of enraging or state of being enraged; excitement.

Enravishment (n.) The state of being enravished or enraptured; ecstasy; rapture.

Enricher (n.) One who enriches.

Enrichment (n.) The act of making rich, or that which enriches; increase of value by improvements, embellishment, etc.; decoration; embellishment.

Enrockment (n.) A mass of large stones thrown into water at random to form bases of piers, breakwaters, etc.

Enroll (n.) To insert in a roil; to register or enter in a list or catalogue or on rolls of court; hence, to record; to insert in records; to leave in writing; as, to enroll men for service; to enroll a decree or a law; also, reflexively, to enlist.

Enroll (n.) To envelop; to inwrap; to involve.

Enroller (n.) One who enrolls or registers.

Enrollment (n.) The act of enrolling; registration.

Enrollment (n.) A writing in which anything is enrolled; a register; a record.

Ens (n.) Entity, being, or existence; an actually existing being; also, God, as the Being of Beings.

Ens (n.) Something supposed to condense within itself all the virtues and qualities of a substance from which it is extracted; essence.

Ensample (n.) An example; a pattern or model for imitation.

Ensemble (n.) The whole; all the parts taken together.

Ensign (n.) A flag; a banner; a standard; esp., the national flag, or a banner indicating nationality, carried by a ship or a body of soldiers; -- as distinguished from flags indicating divisions of the army, rank of naval officers, or private signals, and the like.

Ensign (n.) A signal displayed like a standard, to give notice.

Ensign (n.) Sign; badge of office, rank, or power; symbol.

Ensign (n.) Formerly, a commissioned officer of the army who carried the ensign or flag of a company or regiment.

Ensign (n.) A commissioned officer of the lowest grade in the navy, corresponding to the grade of second lieutenant in the army.

Ensigncy (n.) The rank or office of an ensign.

Ensignship (n.) The state or rank of an ensign.

Ensilage (n.) The process of preserving fodder (such as cornstalks, rye, oats, millet, etc.) by compressing it while green and fresh in a pit or vat called a silo, where it is kept covered from the air; as the ensilage of fodder.

Ensilage (n.) The fodder preserved in a silo.

Enslavedness (n.) State of being enslaved.

Enslavement (n.) The act of reducing to slavery; state of being enslaved; bondage; servitude.

Enslaver (n.) One who enslaves.

Enstatite (n.) A mineral of the pyroxene group, orthorhombic in crystallization; often fibrous and massive; color grayish white or greenish. It is a silicate of magnesia with some iron. Bronzite is a ferriferous variety.

Ensurer (n.) See Insurer.

Enswathement (n.) The act of enswathing, or the state of being enswathed.

Entablature (n.) The superstructure which lies horizontally upon the columns. See Illust. of Column, Cornice.

Entablement (n.) See Entablature.

Entail (n.) That which is entailed.

Entail (n.) An estate in fee entailed, or limited in descent to a particular class of issue.

Entail (n.) The rule by which the descent is fixed.

Entail (n.) Delicately carved ornamental work; intaglio.

Entail (n.) To settle or fix inalienably on a person or thing, or on a person and his descendants or a certain

Entail (n.) To appoint hereditary possessor.

Entail (n.) To cut or carve in a ornamental way.

Entailment (n.) The act of entailing or of giving, as an estate, and directing the mode of descent.

Entailment (n.) The condition of being entailed.

Entailment (n.) A thing entailed.

Entanglement (n.) State of being entangled; intricate and confused involution; that which entangles; intricacy; perplexity.

Entangler (n.) One that entangles.

Entasia (n.) Tonic spasm; -- applied generically to denote any disease characterized by tonic spasms, as tetanus, trismus, etc.

Entasis (n.) A slight convex swelling of the shaft of a column.

Entasis (n.) Same as Entasia.

Entassment (n.) A heap; accumulation.

Entelechy (n.) An actuality; a conception completely actualized, in distinction from mere potential existence.

Entellus (n.) An East Indian long-tailed bearded monkey (Semnopithecus entellus) regarded as sacred by the natives. It is remarkable for the caplike arrangement of the hair on the head. Called also hoonoomaun and hungoor.

Enteradenography (n.) A treatise upon, or description of, the intestinal glands.

Enteradenology (n.) The science which treats of the glands of the alimentary canal.

Enteralgia (n.) Pain in the intestines; colic.

Enterdeal (n.) Mutual dealings; intercourse.

Enterer (n.) One who makes an entrance or beginning.

Enteritis (n.) An inflammation of the intestines.

Entermewer (n.) A hawk gradually changing the color of its feathers, commonly in the second year.

Entermise (n.) Mediation.

Enterocele (n.) A hernial tumor whose contents are intestine.

Enterocoele (n.) A perivisceral cavity which arises as an outgrowth or outgrowths from the digestive tract; distinguished from a schizocoele, which arises by a splitting of the mesoblast of the embryo.

Enterography (n.) A treatise upon, or description of, the intestines; enterology.

Enterolith (n.) An intestinal concretion.

Enterology (n.) The science which treats of the viscera of the body.

Enteron (n.) The whole alimentary, or enteric, canal.

Enteropathy (n.) Disease of the intestines.

Enterorrhaphy (n.) The operation of sewing up a rent in the intestinal canal.

Enterotome (n.) A kind of scissors used for opening the intestinal canal, as in post-mortem examinations.

Enterotomy (n.) Incision of the intestines, especially in reducing certain cases of hernia.

Enterparlance (n.) Mutual talk or conversation; conference.

Enterprise (n.) That which is undertaken; something attempted to be performed; a work projected which involves activity, courage, energy, and the like; a bold, arduous, or hazardous attempt; an undertaking; as, a manly enterprise; a warlike enterprise.

Enterprise (n.) Willingness or eagerness to engage in labor which requires boldness, promptness, energy, and like qualities; as, a man of great enterprise.

Enterpriser (n.) One who undertakes enterprises.

Entertain (n.) Entertainment.

Entertainer (n.) One who entertains.

Entertainment (n.) The act of receiving as host, or of amusing, admitting, or cherishing; hospitable reception; also, reception or treatment, in general.

Entertainment (n.) That which entertains, or with which one is entertained; as: (a) Hospitality; hospitable provision for the wants of a guest; especially, provision for the table; a hospitable repast; a feast; a formal or elegant meal. (b) That which engages the attention agreeably, amuses or diverts, whether in private, as by conversation, etc., or in public, by performances of some kind; amusement.

Entertainment (n.) Admission into service; service.

Entertainment (n.) Payment of soldiers or servants; wages.

Entheasm (n.) Inspiration; enthusiasm.

Enthrallment (n.) The act of enthralling, or state of being enthralled. See Inthrallment.

Enthronement (n.) The act of enthroning, or state of being enthroned.

Enthronization (n.) The act of enthroning; hence, the admission of a bishop to his stall or throne in his cathedral.

Enthusiasm (n.) Inspiration as if by a divine or superhuman power; ecstasy; hence, a conceit of divine possession and revelation, or of being directly subject to some divine impulse.

Enthusiasm (n.) A state of impassioned emotion; transport; elevation of fancy; exaltation of soul; as, the poetry of enthusiasm.

Enthusiasm (n.) Enkindled and kindling fervor of soul; strong excitement of feeling on behalf of a cause or a subject; ardent and imaginative zeal or interest; as, he engaged in his profession with enthusiasm.

Enthusiasm (n.) Lively manifestation of joy or zeal.

Enthusiast (n.) One moved or actuated by enthusiasm; as: (a) One who imagines himself divinely inspired, or possessed of some special revelation; a religious madman; a fanatic. (b) One whose mind is wholly possessed and heated by what engages it; one who is influenced by a peculiar; fervor of mind; an ardent and imaginative person.

Enthusiastic (n.) An enthusiast; a zealot.

Enthymeme (n.) An argument consisting of only two propositions, an antecedent and consequent deduced from it; a syllogism with one premise omitted; as, We are dependent; therefore we should be humble. Here the major proposition is suppressed. The complete syllogism would be, Dependent creatures should be humble; we are dependent creatures; therefore we should be humble.

Enticement (n.) The act or practice of alluring or tempting; as, the enticements of evil companions.

Enticement (n.) That which entices, or incites to evil; means of allurement; alluring object; as, an enticement to sin.

Enticer (n.) One who entices; one who incites or allures to evil.

Entierty (n.) See Entirety.

Entire (n.) Entirely.

Entire (n.) A name originally given to a kind of beer combining qualities of different kinds of beer.

Entireness (n.) The state or condition of being entire; completeness; fullness; totality; as, the entireness of an arch or a bridge.

Entireness (n.) Integrity; wholeness of heart; honesty.

Entireness (n.) Oneness; unity; -- applied to a condition of intimacy or close association.

Entirety (n.) The state of being entire; completeness; as, entirely of interest.

Entirety (n.) That which is entire; the whole.

Entity (n.) A real being, whether in thought (as an ideal conception) or in fact; being; essence; existence.

Entoblast (n.) The inner germ layer; endoderm. See Nucleolus.

Entobronchium (n.) One of the main bronchi in the lungs of birds.

Entocuneiform (n.) Alt. of Entocuniform

Entocuniform (n.) One of the bones of the tarsus. See Cuneiform.

Entoderm (n.) See Endoderm, and Illust. of Blastoderm.

Entombment (n.) The act of entombing or burying, or state of being entombed; burial.

Entomere (n.) The more granular cells, which finally become internal, in many segmenting ova, as those of mammals.

Entomoid (n.) An object resembling an insect.

Entomolin (n.) See Chitin.

Entomolite (n.) A fossil insect.

Entomologist (n.) One versed in entomology.

Entomology (n.) That part of zoology which treats of insects.

Entomology (n.) A treatise on the science of entomology.

Entomophagan (n.) One of the Entomophaga.

Entomostracan (n.) One of the Entomostraca.

Entomotomist (n.) One who practices entomotomy.

Entomotomy (n.) The science of the dissection of insects.

Entophyte (n.) A vegetable parasite subsisting in the interior of the body.

Entoplasm (n.) The inner granular layer of protoplasm in a developing ovum.

Entoplasm (n.) Endosarc.

Entoplastron (n.) The median plate of the plastron of turtles; -- called also entosternum.

Entorganism (n.) An internal parasitic organism.

Entortilation (n.) A turning into a circle; round figures.

Entosternum (n.) See Entoplastron.

Entosthoblast (n.) The granule within the nucleolus or entoblast of a nucleated cell.

Entothorax (n.) See Endothorax.

Entozoologist (n.) One versed in the science of the Entozoa.

Entozoon (n.) One of the Entozoa.

Entr'acte (n.) The interval of time which occurs between the performance of any two acts of a drama.

Entr'acte (n.) A dance, piece of music, or interlude, performed between two acts of a drama.

Entrail (n.) Entanglement; fold.

Entrance (n.) The act of entering or going into; ingress; as, the entrance of a person into a house or an apartment; hence, the act of taking possession, as of property, or of office; as, the entrance of an heir upon his inheritance, or of a magistrate into office.

Entrance (n.) Liberty, power, or permission to enter; as, to give entrance to friends.

Entrance (n.) The passage, door, or gate, for entering.

Entrance (n.) The entering upon; the beginning, or that with which the beginning is made; the commencement; initiation; as, a difficult entrance into business.

Entrance (n.) The causing to be entered upon a register, as a ship or goods, at a customhouse; an entering; as, his entrance of the arrival was made the same day.

Entrance (n.) The angle which the bow of a vessel makes with the water at the water

Entrance (n.) The bow, or entire wedgelike forepart of a vessel, below the water

Entrancement (n.) The act of entrancing, or the state of trance or ecstasy.

Entrant (n.) One who enters; a beginner.

Entrant (n.) An applicant for admission.

Entreat (n.) Entreaty.

Entreatance (n.) Entreaty.

Entreater (n.) One who entreats; one who asks earnestly; a beseecher.

Entreatment (n.) Entreaty; invitation.

Entreaty (n.) Treatment; reception; entertainment.

Entreaty (n.) The act of entreating or beseeching; urgent prayer; earnest petition; pressing solicitation.

Entree (n.) A coming in, or entrance; hence, freedom of access; permission or right to enter; as, to have the entree of a house.

Entree (n.) In French usage, a dish served at the beginning of dinner to give zest to the appetite; in English usage, a side dish, served with a joint, or between the courses, as a cutlet, scalloped oysters, etc.

Entrepot (n.) A warehouse; a magazine for depositing goods, stores, etc.; a mart or place where merchandise is deposited; as, an entrepot for shipping goods in transit.

Entrepreneur (n.) One who creates a product on his own account; whoever undertakes on his own account an industrial enterprise in which workmen are employed.

Entresol (n.) A low story between two higher ones, usually between the ground floor and the first story; mezzanine.

Entrochite (n.) A fossil joint of a crinoid stem.

Entropion (n.) Same as Entropium.

Entropium (n.) The inversion or turning in of the border of the eyelids.

Entropy (n.) A certain property of a body, expressed as a measurable quantity, such that when there is no communication of heat the quantity remains constant, but when heat enters or leaves the body the quantity increases or diminishes. If a small amount, h, of heat enters the body when its temperature is t in the thermodynamic scale the entropy of the body is increased by h / t. The entropy is regarded as measured from some standard temperature and pressure. Sometimes called the thermodyna>

Entry (n.) The act of entering or passing into or upon; entrance; ingress; hence, beginnings or first attempts; as, the entry of a person into a house or city; the entry of a river into the sea; the entry of air into the blood; an entry upon an undertaking.

Entry (n.) The act of making or entering a record; a setting down in writing the particulars, as of a transaction; as, an entry of a sale; also, that which is entered; an item.

Entry (n.) That by which entrance is made; a passage leading into a house or other building, or to a room; a vestibule; an adit, as of a mine.

Entry (n.) The exhibition or depositing of a ship's papers at the customhouse, to procure license to land goods; or the giving an account of a ship's cargo to the officer of the customs, and obtaining his permission to land the goods. See Enter, v. t., 8, and Entrance, n., 5.

Entry (n.) The actual taking possession of lands or tenements, by entering or setting foot on them.

Entry (n.) A putting upon record in proper form and order.

Entry (n.) The act in addition to breaking essential to constitute the offense or burglary.

Entryng (n.) Am entrance.

Entwinement (n.) A twining or twisting together or round; union.

Enucleation (n.) The act of enucleating; elucidation; exposition.

Enumeration (n.) The act of enumerating, making separate mention, or recounting.

Enumeration (n.) A detailed account, in which each thing is specially noticed.

Enumeration (n.) A recapitulation, in the peroration, of the heads of an argument.

Enumerator (n.) One who enumerates.

Enunciation (n.) The act of enunciating, announcing, proclaiming, or making known; open attestation; declaration; as, the enunciation of an important truth.

Enunciation (n.) Mode of utterance or pronunciation, especially as regards fullness and distinctness or articulation; as, to speak with a clear or impressive enunciation.

Enunciation (n.) That which is enunciated or announced; words in which a proposition is expressed; an announcement; a formal declaration; a statement.

Enunciator (n.) One who enunciates or proclaims.

Enuresis (n.) An involuntary discharge of urine; incontinence of urine.

Envelope (n.) Alt. of Envelop

Envelop (n.) That which envelops, wraps up, encases, or surrounds; a wrapper; an inclosing cover; esp., the cover or wrapper of a document, as of a letter.

Envelop (n.) The nebulous covering of the head or nucleus of a comet; -- called also coma.

Envelop (n.) A work of earth, in the form of a single parapet or of a small rampart. It is sometimes raised in the ditch and sometimes beyond it.

Envelop (n.) A curve or surface which is tangent to each member of a system of curves or surfaces, the form and position of the members of the system being allowed to vary according to some continuous law. Thus, any curve is the envelope of its tangents.

Envelop (n.) A set of limits for the performance capabilities of some type of machine, originally used to refer to aircraft. Now also used metaphorically to refer to capabilities of any system in general, including human organizations, esp. in the phrase push the envelope. It is used to refer to the maximum performance available at the current state of the technology, and therefore refers to a class of machines in general, not a specific machine.

Envelopment (n.) The act of enveloping or wrapping; an inclosing or covering on all sides.

Envelopment (n.) That which envelops or surrounds; an envelop.

Envier (n.) One who envies; one who desires inordinately what another possesses.

Environment (n.) Act of environing; state of being environed.

Environment (n.) That which environs or surrounds; surrounding conditions, influences, or forces, by which living forms are influenced and modified in their growth and development.

Envisagement (n.) The act of envisaging.

Envoy (n.) One dispatched upon an errand or mission; a messenger; esp., a person deputed by a sovereign or a government to negotiate a treaty, or transact other business, with a foreign sovereign or government; a minister accredited to a foreign government. An envoy's rank is below that of an ambassador.

Envoy (n.) An explanatory or commendatory postscript to a poem, essay, or book; -- also in the French from, l'envoi.

Envoyship (n.) The office or position of an envoy.

Envy (n.) Malice; ill will; spite.

Envy (n.) Chagrin, mortification, discontent, or uneasiness at the sight of another's excellence or good fortune, accompanied with some degree of hatred and a desire to possess equal advantages; malicious grudging; -- usually followed by of; as, they did this in envy of Caesar.

Envy (n.) Emulation; rivalry.

Envy (n.) Public odium; ill repute.

Envy (n.) An object of envious notice or feeling.

Enwrapment (n.) Act of enwrapping; a wrapping or an envelope.

Enzyme (n.) An unorganized or unformed ferment, in distinction from an organized or living ferment; a soluble, or chemical, ferment. Ptyalin, pepsin, diastase, and rennet are good examples of enzymes.

Eocene (n.) The Eocene formation.

Eolipile (n.) Same as Aeolipile.

Eolis (n.) A genus of nudibranch mollusks having clusters of branchial papillae along the back. See Ceratobranchia.

Eon (n.) Alt. of Aeon

Aeon (n.) An immeasurable or infinite space of time; eternity; a long space of time; an age.

Aeon (n.) One of the embodiments of the divine attributes of the Eternal Being.

Eophyte (n.) A fossil plant which is found in the lowest beds of the Silurian age.

Eos (n.) Aurora, the goddess of morn.

Eosaurus (n.) An extinct marine reptile from the coal measures of Nova Scotia; -- so named because supposed to be of the earliest known reptiles.

Eosin (n.) A yellow or brownish red dyestuff obtained by the action of bromine on fluorescein, and named from the fine rose-red which it imparts to silk. It is also used for making a fine red ink. Its solution is fluorescent.

Eosphorite (n.) A hydrous phosphate of alumina and manganese. It is generally of a rose-pink color, -- whence the name.

Eozoon (n.) A peculiar structure found in the Archaean limestones of Canada and other regions. By some geologists it is believed to be a species of gigantic Foraminifera, but others consider it a concretion, without organic structure.

Epacris (n.) A genus of shrubs, natives of Australia, New Zealand, etc., having pretty white, red, or purple blossoms, and much resembling heaths.

Epact (n.) The moon's age at the beginning of the calendar year, or the number of days by which the last new moon has preceded the beginning of the year.

Epagoge (n.) The adducing of particular examples so as to lead to a universal conclusion; the argument by induction.

Epanadiplosis (n.) A figure by which the same word is used both at the beginning and at the end of a sentence; as, "Rejoice in the Lord always: and again I say, Rejoice."

Epanalepsis (n.) A figure by which the same word or clause is repeated after intervening matter.

Epanaphora (n.) Same as Anaphora.

Epanastrophe (n.) Same as Anadiplosis.

Epanodos (n.) A figure of speech in which the parts of a sentence or clause are repeated in inverse order

Epanody (n.) The abnormal change of an irregular flower to a regular form; -- considered by evolutionists to be a reversion to an ancestral condition.

Epanorthosis (n.) A figure by which a speaker recalls a word or words, in order to substitute something else stronger or more significant; as, Most brave! Brave, did I say? most heroic act!

Eparch (n.) In ancient Greece, the governor or perfect of a province; in modern Greece, the ruler of an eparchy.

Eparchy (n.) A province, prefecture, or territory, under the jurisdiction of an eparch or governor; esp., in modern Greece, one of the larger subdivisions of a monarchy or province of the kingdom; in Russia, a diocese or archdiocese.

Epaule (n.) The shoulder of a bastion, or the place where its face and flank meet and form the angle, called the angle of the shoulder.

Epaulement (n.) A side work, made of gabions, fascines, or bags, filled with earth, or of earth heaped up, to afford cover from the flanking fire of an enemy.

Epaulet (n.) Alt. of Epaulette

Epaulette (n.) A shoulder ornament or badge worn by military and naval officers, differences of rank being marked by some peculiar form or device, as a star, eagle, etc.; a shoulder knot.

Epeira (n.) A genus of spiders, including the common garden spider (E. diadema). They spin geometrical webs. See Garden spider.

Epen (n.) See Epencephalon.

Epencephalon (n.) The segment of the brain next behind the midbrain, including the cerebellum and pons; the hindbrain. Sometimes abbreviated to epen.

Ependyma (n.) The epithelial lining of the ventricles of the brain and the canal of the spinal cord; endyma; ependymis.

Ependymis (n.) See Ependyma.

Epenthesis (n.) The insertion of a letter or a sound in the body of a word; as, the b in "nimble" from AS. n/mol.

Epergne (n.) A centerpiece for table decoration, usually consisting of several dishes or receptacles of different sizes grouped together in an ornamental design.

Eperlan (n.) The European smelt (Osmerus eperlanus).

Epexegesis (n.) A full or additional explanation; exegesis.

Ephah (n.) Alt. of Epha

Epha (n.) A Hebrew dry measure, supposed to be equal to two pecks and five quarts. ten ephahs make one homer.

Ephemera (n.) A fever of one day's continuance only.

Ephemera (n.) A genus of insects including the day flies, or ephemeral flies. See Ephemeral fly, under Ephemeral.

Ephemeral (n.) Anything lasting but a day, or a brief time; an ephemeral plant, insect, etc.

Ephemeran (n.) One of the ephemeral flies.

Ephemeris (n.) A diary; a journal.

Ephemeris (n.) A publication giving the computed places of the heavenly bodies for each day of the year, with other numerical data, for the use of the astronomer and navigator; an astronomical almanac; as, the "American Ephemeris and Nautical Almanac."

Ephemeris (n.) Any tabular statement of the assigned places of a heavenly body, as a planet or comet, on several successive days.

Ephemeris (n.) A collective name for reviews, magazines, and all kinds of periodical literature.

Ephemerist (n.) One who studies the daily motions and positions of the planets.

Ephemerist (n.) One who keeps an ephemeris; a journalist.

Ephemeron (n.) One of the ephemeral flies.

Ephesian (n.) A native of Ephesus.

Ephesian (n.) A jolly companion; a roisterer.

Ephialtes (n.) The nightmare.

Ephippium (n.) A depression in the sphenoid bone; the pituitary fossa.

Ephippium (n.) A saddle-shaped cavity to contain the winter eggs, situated on the back of Cladocera.

Ephod (n.) A part of the sacerdotal habit among Jews, being a covering for the back and breast, held together on the shoulders by two clasps or brooches of onyx stones set in gold, and fastened by a girdle of the same stuff as the ephod. The ephod for the priests was of plain

Ephor (n.) A magistrate; one of a body of five magistrates chosen by the people of ancient Sparta. They exercised control even over the king.

Ephoralty (n.) The office of an ephor, or the body of ephors.

Ephraim (n.) A hunter's name for the grizzly bear.

Ephyra (n.) A stage in the development of discophorous medusae, when they first begin to swim about after being detached from the strobila. See Strobila.

Epiblast (n.) The outer layer of the blastoderm; the ectoderm. See Blastoderm, Delamination.

Epiblema (n.) The epidermal cells of rootlets, specially adapted to absorb liquids.

Epiboly (n.) Epibolic invagination. See under Invagination.

Epibranchial (n.) An epibranchial cartilage or bone.

Epic (n.) An epic or heroic poem. See Epic, a.

Epicardium (n.) That of the pericardium which forms the outer surface of the heart; the cardiac pericardium.

Epicarican (n.) An isopod crustacean, parasitic on shrimps.

Epicede (n.) A funeral song or discourse; an elegy.

Epicedian (n.) An epicede.

Epicedium (n.) An epicede.

Epichirema (n.) A syllogism in which the proof of the major or minor premise, or both, is introduced with the premises themselves, and the conclusion is derived in the ordinary manner.

Epicleidium (n.) A projection, formed by a separate ossification, at the scapular end of the clavicle of many birds.

Epicoele (n.) A cavity formed by the invagination of the outer wall of the body, as the atrium of an amphioxus and possibly the body cavity of vertebrates.

Epicondylar (n.) Pertaining to, or resembling, an epicondyle.

Epicondyle (n.) A projection on the inner side of the distal end of the numerus; the internal condyle.

Epicoracoid (n.) A ventral cartilaginous or bony element of the coracoid in the shoulder girdle of some vertebrates.

Epicranium (n.) The upper and superficial part of the head, including the scalp, muscles, etc.

Epicranium (n.) The dorsal wall of the head of insects.

Epicure (n.) A follower of Epicurus; an Epicurean.

Epicure (n.) One devoted to dainty or luxurious sensual enjoyments, esp. to the luxuries of the table.

Epicurean (n.) A follower or Epicurus.

Epicurean (n.) One given to epicurean indulgence.

Epicureanism (n.) Attachment to the doctrines of Epicurus; the principles or belief of Epicurus.

Epicurism (n.) The doctrines of Epicurus.

Epicurism (n.) Epicurean habits of living; luxury.

Epicycle (n.) A circle, whose center moves round in the circumference of a greater circle; or a small circle, whose center, being fixed in the deferent of a planet, is carried along with the deferent, and yet, by its own peculiar motion, carries the body of the planet fastened to it round its proper center.

Epicycle (n.) A circle which rolls on the circumference of another circle, either externally or internally.

Epicycloid (n.) A curve traced by a point in the circumference of a circle which rolls on the convex side of a fixed circle.

Epidemic (n.) An epidemic disease.

Epidemic (n.) Anything which takes possession of the minds of people as an epidemic does of their bodies; as, an epidemic of terror.

Epidemiography (n.) A treatise upon, or history of, epidemic diseases.

Epidemiologist (n.) A person skilled in epidemiology.

Epidemiology (n.) That branch of science which treats of epidemics.

Epidemy (n.) An epidemic disease.

Epiderm (n.) The epidermis.

Epidermose (n.) Keratin.

Epididymis (n.) An oblong vermiform mass on the dorsal side of the testicle, composed of numerous convolutions of the excretory duct of that organ.

Epididymitis (n.) Inflammation of the epididymis, one of the common results of gonorrhea.

Epidote (n.) A mineral, commonly of a yellowish green (pistachio) color, occurring granular, massive, columnar, and in monoclinic crystals. It is a silicate of alumina, lime, and oxide of iron, or manganese.

Epigaea (n.) An American genus of plants, containing but a single species (E. repens), the trailing arbutus.

Epigastrium (n.) The upper part of the abdomen.

Epigee (n.) See Perigee.

Epigenesis (n.) The theory of generation which holds that the germ is created entirely new, not merely expanded, by the procreative power of the parents. It is opposed to the theory of evolution, also to syngenesis.

Epigenesist (n.) One who believes in, or advocates the theory of, epigenesis.

Epigeum (n.) See Perigee.

Epiglottis (n.) A cartilaginous lidlike appendage which closes the glottis while food or drink is passing while food or drink is passing through the pharynx.

Epigram (n.) A short poem treating concisely and pointedly of a single thought or event. The modern epigram is so contrived as to surprise the reader with a witticism or ingenious turn of thought, and is often satirical in character.

Epigram (n.) An effusion of wit; a bright thought tersely and sharply expressed, whether in verse or prose.

Epigram (n.) The style of the epigram.

Epigrammatist (n.) One who composes epigrams, or makes use of them.

Epigrammatizer (n.) One who writes in an affectedly pointed style.

Epigrammist (n.) An epigrammatist.

Epigraph (n.) Any inscription set upon a building; especially, one which has to do with the building itself, its founding or dedication.

Epigraph (n.) A citation from some author, or a sentence framed for the purpose, placed at the beginning of a work or of its separate divisions; a motto.

Epigraphics (n.) The science or study of epigraphs.

Epigraphist (n.) A student of, or one versed in, epigraphy.

Epigraphy (n.) The science of inscriptions; the art of engraving inscriptions or of deciphering them.

Epihyal (n.) A segment next above the ceratohyal in the hyoidean arch.

Epilepsy (n.) The "falling sickness," so called because the patient falls suddenly to the ground; a disease characterized by paroxysms (or fits) occurring at interval and attended by sudden loss of consciousness, and convulsive motions of the muscles.

Epileptic (n.) One affected with epilepsy.

Epileptic (n.) A medicine for the cure of epilepsy.

Epilogation (n.) A summing up in a brief account.

Epilogism (n.) Enumeration; computation.

Epilogue (n.) A speech or short poem addressed to the spectators and recited by one of the actors, after the conclusion of the play.

Epilogue (n.) The closing part of a discourse, in which the principal matters are recapitulated; a conclusion.

Epimachus (n.) A genus of highly ornate and brilliantly colored birds of Australia, allied to the birds of Paradise.

Epimere (n.) One of the segments of the transverse axis, or the so called homonymous parts; as, for example, one of the several segments of the extremities in vertebrates, or one of the similar segments in plants, such as the segments of a segmented leaf.

Epimeron (n.) In crustaceans: The part of the side of a somite external to the basal joint of each appendage.

Epimeron (n.) In insects: The lateral piece behind the episternum.

Epineurium (n.) The connective tissue framework and sheath of a nerve which bind together the nerve bundles, each of which has its own special sheath, or perineurium.

Epinglette (n.) An iron needle for piercing the cartridge of a cannon before priming.

Epinicion (n.) A song of triumph.

Epiornis (n.) One of the gigantic ostrichlike birds of the genus Aepiornis, only recently extinct. Its remains have been found in Madagascar.

Epiotic (n.) The upper and outer element of periotic bone, -- in man forming a part of the temporal bone.

Epipedometry (n.) The mensuration of figures standing on the same base.

Epiphany (n.) An appearance, or a becoming manifest.

Epiphany (n.) A church festival celebrated on the 6th of January, the twelfth day after Christmas, in commemoration of the visit of the Magi of the East to Bethlehem, to see and worship the child Jesus; or, as others maintain, to commemorate the appearance of the star to the Magi, symbolizing the manifestation of Christ to the Gentles; Twelfthtide.

Epipharyngeal (n.) An epipharyngeal bone or cartilage.

Epipharynx (n.) A structure which overlaps the mouth of certain insects.

Epiphonema (n.) An exclamatory sentence, or striking reflection, which sums up or concludes a discourse.

Epiphoneme (n.) Epiphonema.

Epiphora (n.) The watery eye; a disease in which the tears accumulate in the eye, and trickle over the cheek.

Epiphora (n.) The emphatic repetition of a word or phrase, at the end of several sentences or stanzas.

Epiphragm (n.) A membranaceous or calcareous septum with which some mollusks close the aperture of the shell during the time of hibernation, or aestivation.

Epiphyllum (n.) A genus of cactaceous plants having flattened, jointed stems, and petals united in a tube. The flowers are very showy, and several species are in cultivation.

Epiphysis (n.) The end, or other superficial part, of a bone, which ossifies separately from the central portion, or diaphysis.

Epiphysis (n.) The cerebral epiphysis, or pineal gland. See Pineal gland, under Pineal.

Epiphyte (n.) An air plant which grows on other plants, but does not derive its nourishment from them. See Air plant.

Epiphyte (n.) A vegetable parasite growing on the surface of the body.

Epiplastron (n.) One of the first pair of lateral plates in the plastron of turtles.

Epiplexis (n.) A figure by which a person seeks to convince and move by an elegant kind of upbraiding.

Epiploce (n.) A figure by which one striking circumstance is added, in due gradation, to another; climax; e. g., "He not only spared his enemies, but continued them in employment; not only continued, but advanced them."

Epiploon (n.) See Omentum.

Epipodiale (n.) One of the bones of either the forearm or shank, the epipodialia being the radius, ulna, tibia, and fibula.

Epipodite (n.) The outer branch of the legs in certain Crustacea. See Maxilliped.

Epipodium (n.) One of the lateral lobes of the foot in certain gastropods.

Epipolism (n.) See Fluorescence.

Epipteric (n.) The epipteric bone.

Epipterygoid (n.) An epipterygoid bone or cartilage; the columella in the skulls of many lizards.

Epipubis (n.) A cartilage or bone in front of the pubis in some amphibians and other animals.

Episcopacy (n.) Government of the church by bishops; church government by three distinct orders of ministers -- bishops, priests, and deacons -- of whom the bishops have an authority superior and of a different kind.

Episcopalian (n.) One who belongs to an episcopal church, or adheres to the episcopal form of church government and discip

Episcopalianism (n.) The doctrine and usages of Episcopalians; episcopacy.

Episcopant (n.) A bishop.

Episcopate (n.) A bishopric; the office and dignity of a bishop.

Episcopate (n.) The collective body of bishops.

Episcopate (n.) The time of a bishop's rule.

Episcopicide (n.) The killing of a bishop.

Episcopy (n.) Survey; superintendence.

Episcopy (n.) Episcopacy.

Episode (n.) A separate incident, story, or action, introduced for the purpose of giving a greater variety to the events related; an incidental narrative, or digression, separable from the main subject, but naturally arising from it.

Epispadias (n.) A deformity in which the urethra opens upon the top of the penis, instead of at its extremity.

Epispastic (n.) An external application to the skin, which produces a puriform or serous discharge by exciting inflammation; a vesicatory.

Episperm (n.) The skin or coat of a seed, especially the outer coat. See Testa.

Epispore (n.) The thickish outer coat of certain spores.

Epistaxis (n.) Bleeding at the nose.

Epistemology (n.) The theory or science of the method or grounds of knowledge.

Episternum (n.) A median bone connected with the sternum, in many vertebrates; the interclavicle.

Episternum (n.) Same as Epiplastron.

Episternum (n.) One of the lateral pieces next to the sternum in the thorax of insects.

Epistilbite (n.) A crystallized, transparent mineral of the Zeolite family. It is a hydrous silicate of alumina and lime.

Epistle (n.) A writing directed or sent to a person or persons; a written communication; a letter; -- applied usually to formal, didactic, or elegant letters.

Epistle (n.) One of the letters in the New Testament which were addressed to their Christian brethren by Apostles.

Epistler (n.) A writer of epistles, or of an epistle of the New Testament.

Epistler (n.) The ecclesiastic who reads the epistle at the communion service.

Epistolean (n.) One who writes epistles; a correspondent.

Epistoler (n.) One of the clergy who reads the epistle at the communion service; an epistler.

Epistolet (n.) A little epistle.

Epistolizer (n.) A writer of epistles.

Epistolography (n.) The art or practice of writing epistles.

Epistoma (n.) Alt. of Epistome

Epistome (n.) The region between the antennae and the mouth, in Crustacea.

Epistome (n.) A liplike organ that covers the mouth, in most Bryozoa. See Illust., under Entoprocta.

Epistrophe (n.) A figure in which successive clauses end with the same word or affirmation; e. g., "Are they Hebrews? so am I. Are they Israelites? so am I."

Epistyle (n.) A massive piece of stone or wood laid immediately on the abacus of the capital of a column or pillar; -- now called architrave.

Episyllogism (n.) A syllogism which assumes as one of its premises a proposition which was the conclusion of a preceding syllogism, called, in relation to this, the prosyllogism.

Epitaph (n.) An inscription on, or at, a tomb, or a grave, in memory or commendation of the one buried there; a sepulchral inscription.

Epitaph (n.) A brief writing formed as if to be inscribed on a monument, as that concerning Alexander: "Sufficit huic tumulus, cui non sufficeret orbis."

Epitapher (n.) A writer of epitaphs.

Epitaphic (n.) An epitaph.

Epitaphist (n.) An epitapher.

Epitasis (n.) That part which embraces the main action of a play, poem, and the like, and leads on to the catastrophe; -- opposed to protasis.

Epitasis (n.) The period of violence in a fever or disease; paroxysm.

Epithalamium (n.) A nuptial song, or poem in honor of the bride and bridegroom.

Epithalamy (n.) Epithalamium.

Epitheca (n.) A continuous and, usually, structureless layer which covers more or less of the exterior of many corals.

Epithelioma (n.) A malignant growth containing epithelial cells; -- called also epithelial cancer.

Epithelium (n.) The superficial layer of cells lining the alimentary canal and all its appendages, all glands and their ducts, blood vessels and lymphatics, serous cavities, etc. It often includes the epidermis (i. e., keratin-producing epithelial cells), and it is sometimes restricted to the alimentary canal, the glands and their appendages, -- the term endothelium being applied to the lining membrane of the blood vessels, lymphatics, and serous cavities.

Epithem (n.) Any external topical application to the body, except ointments and plasters, as a poultice, lotion, etc.

Epithema (n.) A horny excrescence upon the beak of birds.

Epithesis (n.) The addition of a letter at the end of a word, without changing its sense; as, numb for num, whilst for whiles.

Epithet (n.) An adjective expressing some quality, attribute, or relation, that is properly or specially appropriate to a person or thing; as, a just man; a verdant lawn.

Epithet (n.) Term; expression; phrase.

Epithite (n.) A lazy, worthless fellow; a vagrant.

Epitithides (n.) The uppermost member of the cornice of an entablature.

Epitomator (n.) An epitomist.

Epitome (n.) A work in which the contents of a former work are reduced within a smaller space by curtailment and condensation; a brief summary; an abridgement.

Epitome (n.) A compact or condensed representation of anything.

Epitomist (n.) One who makes an epitome; one who abridges; an epitomizer.

Epitomizer (n.) An epitomist.

Epitrite (n.) A foot consisting of three long syllables and one short syllable.

Epitrochlea (n.) A projection on the outer side of the distal end of the humerus; the external condyle.

Epitrochoid (n.) A kind of curve. See Epicycloid, any Trochoid.

Epitrope (n.) A figure by which permission is either seriously or ironically granted to some one, to do what he proposes to do; e. g., "He that is unjust, let him be unjust still."

Epizeuxis (n.) A figure by which a word is repeated with vehemence or emphasis, as in the following

Epozoan (n.) An epizoon.

Epizoon (n.) One of the artificial group of invertebrates of various kinds, which live parasitically upon the exterior of other animals; an ectozoon. Among them are the lice, ticks, many acari, the lerneans, or fish lice, and other crustaceans.

Epizooty (n.) Alt. of Epizootic

Epizootic (n.) An epizootic disease; a murrain; an epidemic influenza among horses.

Epoch (n.) A fixed point of time, established in history by the occurrence of some grand or remarkable event; a point of time marked by an event of great subsequent influence; as, the epoch of the creation; the birth of Christ was the epoch which gave rise to the Christian era.

Epoch (n.) A period of time, longer or shorter, remarkable for events of great subsequent influence; a memorable period; as, the epoch of maritime discovery, or of the Reformation.

Epoch (n.) A division of time characterized by the prevalence of similar conditions of the earth; commonly a minor division or part of a period.

Epoch (n.) The date at which a planet or comet has a longitude or position.

Epoch (n.) An arbitrary fixed date, for which the elements used in computing the place of a planet, or other heavenly body, at any other date, are given; as, the epoch of Mars; lunar elements for the epoch March 1st, 1860.

Epocha (n.) See Epoch.

Epode (n.) The after song; the part of a lyric ode which follows the strophe and antistrophe, -- the ancient ode being divided into strophe, antistrophe, and epode.

Epode (n.) A species of lyric poem, invented by Archilochus, in which a longer verse is followed by a shorter one; as, the Epodes of Horace. It does not include the elegiac distich.

Eponym (n.) Alt. of Eponyme

Eponyme (n.) The hypothetical individual who is assumed as the person from whom any race, city, etc., took its name; as, Hellen is an eponym of the Hellenes.

Eponyme (n.) A name, as of a people, country, and the like, derived from that of an individual.

Eponymist (n.) One from whom a race, tribe, city, or the like, took its name; an eponym.

Eponymy (n.) The derivation of the name of a race, tribe, etc., from that of a fabulous hero, progenitor, etc.

Epoophoron (n.) See Parovarium.

Epopee (n.) Alt. of Epopoeia

Epopoeia (n.) An epic poem; epic poetry.

Epopt (n.) One instructed in the mysteries of a secret system.

Epos (n.) An epic.

Epotation (n.) A drinking up; a quaffing.

Eprouvette (n.) An apparatus for testing or proving the strength of gunpowder.

Epsomite (n.) Native sulphate of magnesia or Epsom salt.

Epulation (n.) A feasting or feast; banquet.

Epulis (n.) A hard tumor developed from the gums.

Epulosity (n.) A feasting to excess.

Epulotic (n.) An epulotic agent.

Epuration (n.) Purification.

Epure (n.) A draught or model from which to build; especially, one of the full size of the work to be done; a detailed drawing.

Equability (n.) The quality or condition of being equable; evenness or uniformity; as, equability of temperature; the equability of the mind.

Equableness (n.) Quality or state of being equable.

Equal (n.) One not inferior or superior to another; one having the same or a similar age, rank, station, office, talents, strength, or other quality or condition; an equal quantity or number; as, "If equals be taken from equals the remainders are equal."

Equal (n.) State of being equal; equality.

Equalitarian (n.) One who believes in equalizing the condition of men; a leveler.

Equality (n.) The condition or quality of being equal; agreement in quantity or degree as compared; likeness in bulk, value, rank, properties, etc.; as, the equality of two bodies in length or thickness; an equality of rights.

Equality (n.) Sameness in state or continued course; evenness; uniformity; as, an equality of temper or constitution.

Equality (n.) Evenness; uniformity; as, an equality of surface.

Equality (n.) Exact agreement between two expressions or magnitudes with respect to quantity; -- denoted by the symbol =; thus, a = x signifies that a contains the same number and kind of units of measure that x does.

Equalization (n.) The act of equalizing, or state of being equalized.

Equalizer (n.) One who, or that which, equalizes anything.

Equalness (n.) Equality; evenness.

Equanimity (n.) Evenness of mind; that calm temper or firmness of mind which is not easily elated or depressed; patience; calmness; composure; as, to bear misfortunes with equanimity.

Equant (n.) A circle around whose circumference a planet or the center of ann epicycle was conceived to move uniformly; -- called also eccentric equator.

Equation (n.) A making equal; equal division; equality; equilibrium.

Equation (n.) An expression of the condition of equality between two algebraic quantities or sets of quantities, the sign = being placed between them; as, a binomial equation; a quadratic equation; an algebraic equation; a transcendental equation; an exponential equation; a logarithmic equation; a differential equation, etc.

Equation (n.) A quantity to be applied in computing the mean place or other element of a celestial body; that is, any one of the several quantities to be added to, or taken from, its position as calculated on the hypothesis of a mean uniform motion, in order to find its true position as resulting from its actual and unequal motion.

Equator (n.) The imaginary great circle on the earth's surface, everywhere equally distant from the two poles, and dividing the earth's surface into two hemispheres.

Equator (n.) The great circle of the celestial sphere, coincident with the plane of the earth's equator; -- so called because when the sun is in it, the days and nights are of equal length; hence called also the equinoctial, and on maps, globes, etc., the equinoctial

Equatorial (n.) An instrument consisting of a telescope so mounted as to have two axes of motion at right angles to each other, one of them parallel to the axis of the earth, and each carrying a graduated circle, the one for measuring declination, and the other right ascension, or the hour angle, so that the telescope may be directed, even in the daytime, to any star or other object whose right ascension and declination are known. The motion in right ascension is sometimes communicated by c>

Equerry (n.) A large stable or lodge for horses.

Equerry (n.) An officer of princes or nobles, charged with the care of their horses.

Equery (n.) Same as Equerry.

Equestrian (n.) One who rides on horseback; a horseman; a rider.

Equestrianism (n.) The art of riding on horseback; performance on horseback; horsemanship; as, feats equestrianism.

Equestrienne (n.) A woman skilled in equestrianism; a horsewoman.

Equibalance (n.) Equal weight; equiponderance.

Equidistance (n.) Equal distance.

Equilateral (n.) A side exactly corresponding, or equal, to others; also, a figure of equal sides.

Equilibration (n.) Act of keeping a balance, or state of being balanced; equipoise.

Equilibration (n.) The process by which animal and vegetable organisms preserve a physiological balance.

Equilibrist (n.) One who balances himself in unnatural positions and hazardous movements; a balancer.

Equilibrity (n.) The state of being balanced; equality of weight.

Equilibrium (n.) Equality of weight or force; an equipoise or a state of rest produced by the mutual counteraction of two or more forces.

Equilibrium (n.) A level position; a just poise or balance in respect to an object, so that it remains firm; equipoise; as, to preserve the equilibrium of the body.

Equilibrium (n.) A balancing of the mind between motives or reasons, with consequent indecision and doubt.

Equimultiple (n.) One of the products arising from the multiplication of two or more quantities by the same number or quantity. Thus, seven times 2, or 14, and seven times 4, or 28, are equimultiples of 2 and 4.

Equinia (n.) Glanders.

Equinoctial (n.) The equinoctial

Equinox (n.) The time when the sun enters one of the equinoctial points, that is, about March 21 and September 22. See Autumnal equinox, Vernal equinox, under Autumnal and Vernal.

Equinox (n.) Equinoctial wind or storm.

Equipage (n.) Furniture or outfit, whether useful or ornamental; especially, the furniture and supplies of a vessel, fitting her for a voyage or for warlike purposes, or the furniture and necessaries of an army, a body of troops, or a single soldier, including whatever is necessary for efficient service; equipments; accouterments; habiliments; attire.

Equipage (n.) Retinue; train; suite.

Equipage (n.) A carriage of state or of pleasure with all that accompanies it, as horses, liveried servants, etc., a showy turn-out.

Equipendency (n.) The act or condition of hanging in equipoise; not inc

Equipment (n.) The act of equipping, or the state of being equipped, as for a voyage or expedition.

Equipment (n.) Whatever is used in equipping; necessaries for an expedition or voyage; the collective designation for the articles comprising an outfit; equipage; as, a railroad equipment (locomotives, cars, etc. ; for carrying on business); horse equipments; infantry equipments; naval equipments; laboratory equipments.

Equipoise (n.) Equality of weight or force; hence, equilibrium; a state in which the two ends or sides of a thing are balanced, and hence equal; state of being equally balanced; -- said of moral, political, or social interests or forces.

Equipoise (n.) Counterpoise.

Equipollence (n.) Alt. of Equipollency

Equipollency (n.) Equality of power, force, signification, or application.

Equipollency (n.) Sameness of signification of two or more propositions which differ in language.

Equiponderance (n.) Alt. of Equiponderancy

Equiponderancy (n.) Equality of weight; equipoise.

Equisetum (n.) A genus of vascular, cryptogamic, herbaceous plants; -- also called horsetails.

Equisonance (n.) An equal sounding; the consonance of the unison and its octaves.

Equitableness (n.) The quality of being equitable, just, or impartial; as, the equitableness of a judge, a decision, or distribution of property.

Equitancy (n.) Horsemanship.

Equitation (n.) A riding, or the act of riding, on horseback; horsemanship.

Equity (n.) Equality of rights; natural justice or right; the giving, or desiring to give, to each man his due, according to reason, and the law of God to man; fairness in determination of conflicting claims; impartiality.

Equity (n.) An equitable claim; an equity of redemption; as, an equity to a settlement, or wife's equity, etc.

Equity (n.) A system of jurisprudence, supplemental to law, properly so called, and complemental of it.

Equivalence (n.) The condition of being equivalent or equal; equality of worth, value, signification, or force; as, an equivalence of definitions.

Equivalence (n.) Equal power or force; equivalent amount.

Equivalence (n.) The quantity of the combining power of an atom, expressed in hydrogen units; the number of hydrogen atoms can combine with, or be exchanged for; valency. See Valence.

Equivalence (n.) The degree of combining power as determined by relative weight. See Equivalent, n., 2.

Equivalency (n.) Same as Equivalence.

Equivalent (n.) Something equivalent; that which is equal in value, worth, weight, or force; as, to offer an equivalent for damage done.

Equivalent (n.) That comparative quantity by weight of an element which possesses the same chemical value as other elements, as determined by actual experiment and reference to the same standard. Specifically: (a) The comparative proportions by which one element replaces another in any particular compound; thus, as zinc replaces hydrogen in hydrochloric acid, their equivalents are 32.5 and 1. (b) The combining proportion by weight of a substance, or the number expressing this proportion, in>

Equivalent (n.) A combining unit, whether an atom, a radical, or a molecule; as, in acid salt two or more equivalents of acid unite with one or more equivalents of base.

Equivocacy (n.) Equivocalness.

Equivocal (n.) A word or expression capable of different meanings; an ambiguous term; an equivoque.

Equivocalness (n.) The state of being equivocal.

Equivocation (n.) The use of expressions susceptible of a double signification, with a purpose to mislead.

Equivocator (n.) One who equivocates.

Equivoque (n.) Alt. of Equivoke

Equivoke (n.) An ambiguous term; a word susceptible of different significations.

Equivoke (n.) An equivocation; a guibble.

Equus (n.) A genus of mammals, including the horse, ass, etc.

Era (n.) A fixed point of time, usually an epoch, from which a series of years is reckoned.

Era (n.) A period of time reckoned from some particular date or epoch; a succession of years dating from some important event; as, the era of Alexander; the era of Christ, or the Christian era (see under Christian).

Era (n.) A period of time in which a new order of things prevails; a signal stage of history; an epoch.

Eradiation (n.) Emission of radiance.

Eradication (n.) The act of plucking up by the roots; a rooting out; extirpation; utter destruction.

Eradication (n.) The state of being plucked up by the roots.

Eradicative (n.) A medicine that effects a radical cure.

Erasement (n.) The act of erasing; a rubbing out; expunction; obliteration.

Eraser (n.) One who, or that which, erases; esp., a sharp instrument or a piece of rubber used to erase writings, drawings, etc.

Erasion (n.) The act of erasing; a rubbing out; obliteration.

Erastian (n.) One of the followers of Thomas Erastus, a German physician and theologian of the 16th century. He held that the punishment of all offenses should be referred to the civil power, and that holy communion was open to all. In the present day, an Erastian is one who would see the church placed entirely under the control of the State.

Erastianism (n.) The principles of the Erastains.

Erasure (n.) The act of erasing; a scratching out; obliteration.

Erato (n.) The Muse who presided over lyric and amatory poetry.

Erbium (n.) A rare metallic element associated with several other rare elements in the mineral gadolinite from Ytterby in Sweden. Symbol Er. Atomic weight 165.9. Its salts are rose-colored and give characteristic spectra. Its sesquioxide is called erbia.

Ercedeken (n.) An archdeacon.

Erd (n.) The earth.

Erebus (n.) A place of nether darkness, being the gloomy space through which the souls passed to Hades. See Milton's "Paradise Lost," Book II.,

Erebus (n.) The son of Chaos and brother of Nox, who dwelt in Erebus.

Erecter (n.) An erector; one who raises or builds.

Erectility (n.) The quality or state of being erectile.

Erection (n.) The act of erecting, or raising upright; the act of constructing, as a building or a wall, or of fitting together the parts of, as a machine; the act of founding or establishing, as a commonwealth or an office; also, the act of rousing to excitement or courage.

Erection (n.) The state of being erected, lifted up, built, established, or founded; exaltation of feelings or purposes.

Erection (n.) State of being stretched to stiffness; tension.

Erection (n.) Anything erected; a building of any kind.

Erection (n.) The state of a part which, from having been soft, has become hard and swollen by the accumulation of blood in the erectile tissue.

Erectness (n.) Uprightness of posture or form.

Erector (n.) One who, or that which, erects.

Erector (n.) A muscle which raises any part.

Erector (n.) An attachment to a microscope, telescope, or other optical instrument, for making the image erect instead of inverted.

Eremacausis (n.) A gradual oxidation from exposure to air and moisture, as in the decay of old trees or of dead animals.

Eremitage (n.) See Hermitage.

Eremite (n.) A hermit.

Eremitism (n.) The state of a hermit; a living in seclusion from social life.

Eretation (n.) A creeping forth.

Ereption (n.) A snatching away.

Erethism (n.) A morbid degree of excitement or irritation in an organ.

Erf (n.) A garden plot, usually about half an acre.

Erg (n.) The unit of work or energy in the C. G. S. system, being the amount of work done by a dyne working through a distance of one centimeter; the amount of energy expended in moving a body one centimeter against a force of one dyne. One foot pound is equal to 13,560,000 ergs.

Ergot (n.) A diseased condition of rye and other cereals, in which the grains become black, and often spur-shaped. It is caused by a parasitic fungus, Claviceps purpurea.

Ergot (n.) The mycelium or spawn of this fungus infecting grains of rye and wheat. It is a powerful remedial agent, and also a dangerous poison, and is used as a means of hastening childbirth, and to arrest bleeding.

Ergot (n.) A stub, like soft horn, about the size of a chestnut, situated behind and below the pastern joint.

Ergot (n.) See 2d Calcar, 3 (b).

Ergotin (n.) An extract made from ergot.

Ergotism (n.) A logical deduction.

Ergotism (n.) A diseased condition produced by eating rye affected with the ergot fungus.

Eriach (n.) Alt. of Eric

Eric (n.) A recompense formerly given by a murderer to the relatives of the murdered person.

Erica (n.) A genus of shrubby plants, including the heaths, many of them producing beautiful flowers.

Ericinol (n.) A colorless oil (quickly becoming brown), with a pleasant odor, obtained by the decomposition of ericolin.

Ericius (n.) The Vulgate rendering of the Hebrew word qip/d, which in the "Authorized Version" is translated bittern, and in the Revised Version, porcupine.

Ericolin (n.) A glucoside found in the bearberry (and others of the Ericaceae), and extracted as a bitter, yellow, amorphous mass.

Eridanus (n.) A long, winding constellation extending southward from Taurus and containing the bright star Achernar.

Erin (n.) An early, and now a poetic, name of Ireland.

Eringo (n.) The sea holly. See Eryngo.

Erinite (n.) A hydrous arseniate of copper, of an emerald-green color; -- so called from Erin, or Ireland, where it occurs.

Erinys (n.) An avenging deity; one of the Furies; sometimes, conscience personified.

Eriometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the diameters of minute particles or fibers, from the size of the colored rings produced by the diffraction of the light in which the objects are viewed.

Eristalis (n.) A genus of dipterous insects whose young (called rat-tailed larvae) are remarkable for their long tapering tail, which spiracles at the tip, and for their ability to live in very impure and salt waters; -- also called drone fly.

Erlking (n.) A personification, in German and Scandinavian mythology, of a spirit natural power supposed to work mischief and ruin, esp. to children.

Ermelin (n.) Alt. of Ermilin

Ermilin (n.) See Ermine.

Ermin (n.) An Armenian.

Ermine (n.) A valuable fur-bearing animal of the genus Mustela (M. erminea), allied to the weasel; the stoat. It is found in the northern parts of Asia, Europe, and America. In summer it is brown, but in winter it becomes white, except the tip of the tail, which is always black.

Ermine (n.) The fur of the ermine, as prepared for ornamenting garments of royalty, etc., by having the tips of the tails, which are black, arranged at regular intervals throughout the white.

Ermine (n.) By metonymy, the office or functions of a judge, whose state robe,

Ermine (n.) One of the furs. See Fur (Her.)

Ermines (n.) Alt. of Erminois

Erminois (n.) See Note under Ermine, n., 4.

Ermit (n.) A hermit.

Ern (n.) Alt. of Erne

Erne (n.) A sea eagle, esp. the European white-tailed sea eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla).

Ernest (n.) See Earnest.

Erodent (n.) A medicine which eats away extraneous growths; a caustic.

Erogation (n.) The act of giving out or bestowing.

Eros (n.) Love; the god of love; -- by earlier writers represented as one of the first and creative gods, by later writers as the son of Aphrodite, equivalent to the Latin god Cupid.

Erosion (n.) The act or operation of eroding or eating away.

Erosion (n.) The state of being eaten away; corrosion; canker.

Eroteme (n.) A mark indicating a question; a note of interrogation.

Erotesis (n.) A figure o/ speech by which a strong affirmation of the contrary, is implied under the form o/ an earnest interrogation, as in the following

Erotic (n.) An amorous composition or poem.

Eroticism (n.) Erotic quality.

Erpetologist (n.) Herpetologist.

Erpetology (n.) Herpetology.

Errableness (n.) Liability to error.

Errancy (n.) A wandering; state of being in error.

Errand (n.) A special business intrusted to a messenger; something to be told or done by one sent somewhere for the purpose; often, a verbal message; a commission; as, the servant was sent on an errand; to do an errand. Also, one's purpose in going anywhere.

Errant (n.) One who wanders about.

Errantry (n.) A wandering; a roving; esp., a roving in quest of adventures.

Errantry (n.) The employment of a knight-errant.

Erratic (n.) One who deviates from common and accepted opinions; one who is eccentric or preserve in his intellectual character.

Erratic (n.) A rogue.

Erratic (n.) Any stone or material that has been borne away from its original site by natural agencies; esp., a large block or fragment of rock; a bowlder.

Erration (n.) A wandering; a roving about.

Erratum (n.) An error or mistake in writing or printing.

Erthine (n.) A medicine designed to be snuffed up the nose, to promote discharges of mucus; a sternutatory.

Error (n.) A wandering; a roving or irregular course.

Error (n.) A wandering or deviation from the right course or standard; irregularity; mistake; inaccuracy; something made wrong or left wrong; as, an error in writing or in printing; a clerical error.

Error (n.) A departing or deviation from the truth; falsity; false notion; wrong opinion; mistake; misapprehension.

Error (n.) A moral offense; violation of duty; a sin or transgression; iniquity; fault.

Error (n.) The difference between the approximate result and the true result; -- used particularly in the rule of double position.

Error (n.) The difference between an observed value and the true value of a quantity.

Error (n.) The difference between the observed value of a quantity and that which is taken or computed to be the true value; -- sometimes called residual error.

Error (n.) A mistake in the proceedings of a court of record in matters of law or of fact.

Error (n.) A fault of a player of the side in the field which results in failure to put out a player on the other side, or gives him an unearned base.

Errorist (n.) One who encourages and propagates error; one who holds to error.

Ers (n.) The bitter vetch (Ervum Ervilia).

Erse (n.) A name sometimes given to that dialect of the Celtic which is spoken in the Highlands of Scotland; -- called, by the Highlanders, Gaelic.

Ersh (n.) See Arrish.

Erubescence (n.) Alt. of Erubescency

Erubescency (n.) The act of becoming red; redness of the skin or surface of anything; a blushing.

Erubescite (n.) See Bornite.

Eruca (n.) An insect in the larval state; a caterpillar; a larva.

Eructation (n.) The act of belching wind from the stomach; a belch.

Eructation (n.) A violent belching out or emitting, as of gaseous or other matter from the crater of a volcano, geyser, etc.

Erudition (n.) The act of instructing; the result of thorough instruction; the state of being erudite or learned; the acquisitions gained by extensive reading or study; particularly, learning in literature or criticism, as distinct from the sciences; scholarship.

Eruption (n.) The act of breaking out or bursting forth; as: (a) A violent throwing out of flames, lava, etc., as from a volcano of a fissure in the earth's crust. (b) A sudden and overwhelming hostile movement of armed men from one country to another. Milton. (c) A violent commotion.

Eruption (n.) That which bursts forth.

Eruption (n.) A violent exclamation; ejaculation.

Eruption (n.) The breaking out of pimples, or an efflorescence, as in measles, scarlatina, etc.

Eruptive (n.) An eruptive rock.

Eryngium (n.) A genus of umbelliferous plants somewhat like thistles in appearance. Eryngium maritimum, or sea holly, has been highly esteemed as an aphrodisiac, the roots being formerly candied.

Eryngo (n.) A plant of the genus Eryngium.

Erysipelas (n.) St. Anthony's fire; a febrile disease accompanied with a diffused inflammation of the skin, which, starting usually from a single point, spreads gradually over its surface. It is usually regarded as contagious, and often occurs epidemically.

Erythema (n.) A disease of the skin, in which a diffused inflammation forms rose-colored patches of variable size.

Erythrin (n.) Alt. of Erythrine

Erythrine (n.) A colorless crystal

Erythrine (n.) See Erythrite, 2.

Erythrina (n.) A genus of leguminous plants growing in the tropics; coral tree; -- so called from its red flowers.

Erythrism (n.) A condition of excessive redness. See Erythrochroism.

Erythrite (n.) A colorless crystal

Erythrite (n.) A rose-red mineral, crystallized and earthy, a hydrous arseniate of cobalt, known also as cobalt bloom; -- called also erythrin or erythrine.

Erythrochroism (n.) An unusual redness, esp. in the plumage of birds, or hair of mammals, independently of age, sex, or season.

Erythrodextrin (n.) A dextrin which gives a red color with iodine. See Dextrin.

Erythrogen (n.) Carbon disulphide; -- so called from certain red compounds which it produces in combination with other substances.

Erythrogen (n.) A substance reddened by acids, which is supposed to be contained in flowers.

Erythrogen (n.) A crystal

Erythrogranulose (n.) A term applied by Brucke to a substance present in small amount in starch granules, colored red by iodine.

Erythrolein (n.) A red substance obtained from litmus.

Erythrolitmin (n.) Erythrolein.

Erythronium (n.) A name originally given (from its red acid) to the metal vanadium.

Erythrophleine (n.) A white crystal

Erythrophyll (n.) Alt. of Erythrophyllin

Erythrophyllin (n.) The red coloring matter of leaves, fruits, flowers, etc., in distinction from chlorophyll.

Erythrosin (n.) A red substance formed by the oxidation of tyrosin.

Erythrosin (n.) A red dyestuff obtained from fluorescein by the action of iodine.

Erythroxylon (n.) A genus of shrubs or small trees of the Flax family, growing in tropical countries. E. Coca is the source of cocaine. See Coca.

Erythrozyme (n.) A ferment extracted from madder root, possessing the power of inducing alcoholic fermentation in solutions of sugar.

Escallop (n.) See Escalop.

Escalop (n.) A bivalve shell of the genus Pecten. See Scallop.

Escalop (n.) A regular, curving indenture in the margin of anything. See Scallop.

Escalop (n.) The figure or shell of an escalop, considered as a sign that the bearer had been on a pilgrimage to the Holy Land.

Escalop (n.) A bearing or a charge consisting of an escalop shell.

Escambio (n.) A license formerly required for the making over a bill of exchange to another over sea.

Escapade (n.) The fling of a horse, or ordinary kicking back of his heels; a gambol.

Escapade (n.) Act by which one breaks loose from the rules of propriety or good sense; a freak; a prank.

Escape (n.) The act of fleeing from danger, of evading harm, or of avoiding notice; deliverance from injury or any evil; flight; as, an escape in battle; a narrow escape; also, the means of escape; as, a fire escape.

Escape (n.) That which escapes attention or restraint; a mistake; an oversight; also, transgression.

Escape (n.) A sally.

Escape (n.) The unlawful permission, by a jailer or other custodian, of a prisoner's departure from custody.

Escape (n.) An apophyge.

Escape (n.) Leakage or outflow, as of steam or a liquid.

Escape (n.) Leakage or loss of currents from the conducting wires, caused by defective insulation.

Escapement (n.) The act of escaping; escape.

Escapement (n.) Way of escape; vent.

Escapement (n.) The contrivance in a timepiece which connects the train of wheel work with the pendulum or balance, giving to the latter the impulse by which it is kept in vibration; -- so called because it allows a tooth to escape from a pallet at each vibration.

Escaper (n.) One who escapes.

Escarbuncle (n.) See Carbuncle, 3.

Escargatoire (n.) A nursery of snails.

Escarp (n.) The side of the ditch next the parapet; -- same as scarp, and opposed to counterscarp.

Escarpment (n.) A steep descent or declivity; steep face or edge of a ridge; ground about a fortified place, cut away nearly vertically to prevent hostile approach. See Scarp.

Eschalot (n.) See Shallot.

Eschar (n.) A dry slough, crust, or scab, which separates from the healthy part of the body, as that produced by a burn, or the application of caustics.

Eschar (n.) In Ireland, one of the continuous mounds or ridges of gravelly and sandy drift which extend for many miles over the surface of the country. Similar ridges in Scotland are called kames or kams.

Eschara (n.) A genus of Bryozoa which produce delicate corals, often incrusting like lichens, but sometimes branched.

Escharotic (n.) A substance which produces an eschar; a caustic, esp., a mild caustic.

Eschatology (n.) The doctrine of the last or final things, as death, judgment, and the events therewith connected.

Eschaunge (n.) Exchange.

Escheat (n.) The falling back or reversion of lands, by some casualty or accident, to the lord of the fee, in consequence of the extinction of the blood of the tenant, which may happen by his dying without heirs, and formerly might happen by corruption of blood, that is, by reason of a felony or attainder.

Escheat (n.) The reverting of real property to the State, as original and ultimate proprietor, by reason of a failure of persons legally entitled to hold the same.

Escheat (n.) A writ, now abolished, to recover escheats from the person in possession.

Escheat (n.) Lands which fall to the lord or the State by escheat.

Escheat (n.) That which falls to one; a reversion or return

Escheatage (n.) The right of succeeding to an escheat.

Escheator (n.) An officer whose duty it is to observe what escheats have taken place, and to take charge of them.

Eschevin (n.) The alderman or chief officer of an ancient guild.

Eschewer (n.) One who eschews.

Eschewment (n.) The act of eschewing.

Eschscholtzia (n.) A genus of papaveraceous plants, found in California and upon the west coast of North America, some species of which produce beautiful yellow, orange, rose-colored, or white flowers; the California poppy.

Eschynite (n.) A rare mineral, containing chiefly niobium, titanium, thorium, and cerium. It was so called by Berzelius on account of the inability of chemical science, at the time of its discovery, to separate some of its constituents.

Escocheon (n.) Escutcheon.

Escopet (n.) Alt. of Escopette

Escopette (n.) A kind of firearm; a carbine.

Escorial (n.) See Escurial.

Escort (n.) A body of armed men to attend a person of distinction for the sake of affording safety when on a journey; one who conducts some one as an attendant; a guard, as of prisoners on a march; also, a body of persons, attending as a mark of respect or honor; -- applied to movements on land, as convoy is to movements at sea.

Escort (n.) Protection, care, or safeguard on a journey or excursion; as, to travel under the escort of a friend.

Escort (n.) To attend with a view to guard and protect; to accompany as safeguard; to give honorable or ceremonious attendance to; -- used esp. with reference to journeys or excursions on land; as, to escort a public functionary, or a lady; to escort a baggage wagon.

Escot (n.) See Scot, a tax.

Escouade (n.) See Squad,

Escout (n.) See Scout.

Escript (n.) A writing.

Escritoire (n.) A piece of furniture used as a writing table, commonly with drawers, pigeonholes, and the like; a secretary or writing desk.

Escrod (n.) See Scrod, a young cod.

Escrol (n.) Alt. of Escroll

Escroll (n.) A scroll.

Escroll (n.) A long strip or scroll resembling a ribbon or a band of parchment, or the like, anciently placed above the shield, and supporting the crest.

Escroll (n.) In modern heraldry, a similar ribbon on which the motto is inscribed.

Escrow (n.) A deed, bond, or other written engagement, delivered to a third person, to be held by him till some act is done or some condition is performed, and then to be by him delivered to the grantee.

Escuage (n.) Service of the shield, a species of knight service by which a tenant was bound to follow his lord to war, at his own charge. It was afterward exchanged for a pecuniary satisfaction. Called also scutage.

Esculapian (n.) Aesculapian.

Esculapius (n.) Same as Aesculapius.

Esculent (n.) Anything that is fit for eating; that which may be safely eaten by man.

Esculin (n.) A glucoside obtained from the Aesculus hippocastanum, or horse-chestnut, and characterized by its fine blue fluorescent solutions.

Escurial (n.) A palace and mausoleum of the kinds of Spain, being a vast and wonderful structure about twenty-five miles northwest of Madrid.

Escutcheon (n.) The surface, usually a shield, upon which bearings are marshaled and displayed. The surface of the escutcheon is called the field, the upper part is called the chief, and the lower part the base (see Chiff, and Field.). That side of the escutcheon which is on the right hand of the knight who bears the shield on his arm is called dexter, and the other side sinister.

Escutcheon (n.) A marking upon the back of a cow's udder and the space above it (the perineum), formed by the hair growing upward or outward instead of downward. It is esteemed an index of milking qualities.

Escutcheon (n.) That part of a vessel's stern on which her name is written.

Escutcheon (n.) A thin metal plate or shield to protect wood, or for ornament, as the shield around a keyhole.

Escutcheon (n.) The depression behind the beak of certain bivalves; the ligamental area.

Ese (n.) Ease; pleasure.

Eserine (n.) An alkaloid found in the Calabar bean, and the seed of Physostigma venenosum; physostigmine. It is used in ophthalmic surgery for its effect in contracting the pupil.

Esguard (n.) Guard.

Eskar (n.) Alt. of Esker

Esker (n.) See Eschar.

Eskimo (n.) One of a peculiar race inhabiting Arctic America and Greenland. In many respects the Eskimos resemble the Mongolian race.

Esnecy (n.) A prerogative given to the eldest coparcener to choose first after an inheritance is divided.

Esophagotomy (n.) The operation of making an incision into the esophagus, for the purpose of removing any foreign substance that obstructs the passage.

Esophagus (n.) That part of the alimentary canal between the pharynx and the stomach; the gullet. See Illust. of Digestive apparatus, under Digestive.

Esotericism (n.) Esoteric doctrine or principles.

Esoterics (n.) Mysterious or hidden doctrines; secret science.

Esotery (n.) Mystery; esoterics; -- opposed to exotery.

Esox (n.) A genus of fresh-water fishes, including pike and pickerel.

Espace (n.) Space.

Espadon (n.) A long, heavy, two-handed and two-edged sword, formerly used by Spanish foot soldiers and by executioners.

Espalier (n.) A railing or trellis upon which fruit trees or shrubs are trained, as upon a wall; a tree or row of trees so trained.

Esparcet (n.) The common sainfoin (Onobrychis sativa), an Old World leguminous forage plant.

Esparto (n.) A species of Spanish grass (Macrochloa tenacissima), of which cordage, shoes, baskets, etc., are made. It is also used for making paper.

Espauliere (n.) A defense for the shoulder, composed of flexible overlapping plates of metal, used in the 15th century; -- the origin of the modern epaulette.

Especialness (n.) The state of being especial.

Esperance (n.) Hope.

Espiaille (n.) Espial.

Espial (n.) The act of espying; notice; discovery.

Espial (n.) One who espies; a spy; a scout.

Espier (n.) One who espies.

Espinel (n.) A kind of ruby. See Spinel.

Espionage (n.) The practice or employment of spies; the practice of watching the words and conduct of others, to make discoveries, as spies or secret emissaries; secret watching.

Esplanade (n.) A clear space between a citadel and the nearest houses of the town.

Esplanade (n.) The glacis of the counterscarp, or the slope of the parapet of the covered way toward the country.

Esplanade (n.) A grass plat; a lawn.

Esplanade (n.) Any clear, level space used for public walks or drives; esp., a terrace by the seaside.

Espousage (n.) Espousal.

Espousal (n.) The act of espousing or betrothing; especially, in the plural, betrothal; plighting of the troths; a contract of marriage; sometimes, the marriage ceremony.

Espousal (n.) The uniting or allying one's self with anything; maintenance; adoption; as, the espousal of a quarrel.

Espousement (n.) The act of espousing, or the state of being espoused.

Espouser (n.) One who espouses; one who embraces the cause of another or makes it his own.

Espringal (n.) An engine of war used for throwing viretons, large stones, and other missiles; a springal.

Esprit (n.) Spirit.

Espy (n.) A spy; a scout.

Esquimau (n.) Same as Eskimo.

Esquire (n.) Originally, a shield-bearer or armor-bearer, an attendant on a knight; in modern times, a title of dignity next in degree below knight and above gentleman; also, a title of office and courtesy; -- often shortened to squire.

Esquisse (n.) The first sketch of a picture or model of a statue.

Essay (n.) An effort made, or exertion of body or mind, for the performance of anything; a trial; attempt; as, to make an essay to benefit a friend.

Essay (n.) A composition treating of any particular subject; -- usually shorter and less methodical than a formal, finished treatise; as, an essay on the life and writings of Homer; an essay on fossils, or on commerce.

Essay (n.) An assay. See Assay, n.

Essay (n.) To exert one's power or faculties upon; to make an effort to perform; to attempt; to endeavor; to make experiment or trial of; to try.

Essay (n.) To test the value and purity of (metals); to assay. See Assay.

Essayer (n.) One who essays.

Essayist (n.) A writer of an essay, or of essays.

Essence (n.) The constituent elementary notions which constitute a complex notion, and must be enumerated to define it; sometimes called the nominal essence.

Essence (n.) The constituent quality or qualities which belong to any object, or class of objects, or on which they depend for being what they are (distinguished as real essence); the real being, divested of all logical accidents; that quality which constitutes or marks the true nature of anything; distinctive character; hence, virtue or quality of a thing, separated from its grosser parts.

Essence (n.) Constituent substance.

Essence (n.) A being; esp., a purely spiritual being.

Essence (n.) The predominant qualities or virtues of a plant or drug, extracted and refined from grosser matter; or, more strictly, the solution in spirits of wine of a volatile or essential oil; as, the essence of mint, and the like.

Essence (n.) Perfume; odor; scent; or the volatile matter constituting perfume.

Essene (n.) One of a sect among the Jews in the time of our Savior, remarkable for their strictness and abstinence.

Essenism (n.) The doctrine or the practices of the Essenes.

Esential (n.) Existence; being.

Esential (n.) That which is essential; first or constituent principle; as, the essentials or religion.

Essentiality (n.) The quality of being essential; the essential part.

Esentialness (n.) Essentiality.

Essoin (n.) Alt. of Essoign

Essoign (n.) An excuse for not appearing in court at the return of process; the allegation of an excuse to the court.

Essoign (n.) Excuse; exemption.

Essoin (n.) To excuse for nonappearance in court.

Essoiner (n.) An attorney who sufficiently excuses the absence of another.

Essonite (n.) Cinnamon stone, a variety of garnet. See Garnet.

Establisher (n.) One who establishes.

Establishment (n.) The act of establishing; a ratifying or ordaining; settlement; confirmation.

Establishment (n.) The state of being established, founded, and the like; fixed state.

Establishment (n.) That which is established; as: (a) A form of government, civil or ecclesiastical; especially, a system of religion maintained by the civil power; as, the Episcopal establishment of England. (b) A permanent civil, military, or commercial, force or organization. (c) The place in which one is permanently fixed for residence or business; residence, including grounds, furniture, equipage, etc.; with which one is fitted out; also, any office or place of business, with its fixtu>

Establishmentarian (n.) One who regards the Church primarily as an establishment formed by the State, and overlooks its intrinsic spiritual character.

Estacade (n.) A dike of piles in the sea, a river, etc., to check the approach of an enemy.

Estafet (n.) Alt. of Estafette

Estafette (n.) A courier who conveys messages to another courier; a military courier sent from one part of an army to another.

Estancia (n.) A grazing; a country house.

Estate (n.) Settled condition or form of existence; state; condition or circumstances of life or of any person; situation.

Estate (n.) Social standing or rank; quality; dignity.

Estate (n.) A person of high rank.

Estate (n.) A property which a person possesses; a fortune; possessions, esp. property in land; also, property of all kinds which a person leaves to be divided at his death.

Estate (n.) The state; the general body politic; the common-wealth; the general interest; state affairs.

Estate (n.) The great classes or orders of a community or state (as the clergy, the nobility, and the commonalty of England) or their representatives who administer the government; as, the estates of the realm (England), which are (1) the lords spiritual, (2) the lords temporal, (3) the commons.

Estate (n.) The degree, quality, nature, and extent of one's interest in, or ownership of, lands, tenements, etc.; as, an estate for life, for years, at will, etc.

Esteemer (n.) One who esteems; one who sets a high value on any thing.

Ester (n.) An ethereal salt, or compound ether, consisting of an organic radical united with the residue of any oxygen acid, organic or inorganic; thus the natural fats are esters of glycerin and the fatty acids, oleic, etc.

Esthesiometer (n.) Same as Aesthesiometer.

Esthete (n.) Alt. of Esthetics

Esthetic (n.) Alt. of Esthetics

Esthetical (n.) Alt. of Esthetics

Esthetics (n.) Same as Aesthete, Aesthetic, Aesthetical, Aesthetics, etc.

Estimable (n.) A thing worthy of regard.

Estimableness (n.) The quality of deserving esteem or regard.

Estimate (n.) A valuing or rating by the mind, without actually measuring, weighing, or the like; rough or approximate calculation; as, an estimate of the cost of a building, or of the quantity of water in a pond.

Estimator (n.) One who estimates or values; a valuer.

Estival (n.) Alt. of Estivation

Estivate (n.) Alt. of Estivation

Estivation (n.) Same as Aestival, Aestivate, etc.

Estoile (n.) A six-pointed star whose rays are wavy, instead of straight like those of a mullet.

Estoppel (n.) A stop; an obstruction or bar to one's alleging or denying a fact contrary to his own previous action, allegation, or denial; an admission, by words or conduct, which induces another to purchase rights, against which the party making such admission can not take a position inconsistent with the admission.

Estoppel (n.) The agency by which the law excludes evidence to dispute certain admissions, which the policy of the law treats as indisputable.

Estrade (n.) A portion of the floor of a room raised above the general level, as a place for a bed or a throne; a platform; a dais.

Estramacon (n.) A straight, heavy sword with two edges, used in the 16th and 17th centuries.

Estramacon (n.) A blow with edge of a sword.

Estrangedness (n.) State of being estranged; estrangement.

Estrangement (n.) The act of estranging, or the state of being estranged; alienation.

Estranger (n.) One who estranges.

Estrapade (n.) The action of a horse, when, to get rid of his rider, he rears, plunges, and kicks furiously.

Estray (n.) Any valuable animal, not wild, found wandering from its owner; a stray.

Estre (n.) The inward part of a building; the interior.

Estreat (n.) A true copy, duplicate, or extract of an original writing or record, esp. of amercements or penalties set down in the rolls of court to be levied by the bailiff, or other officer.

Estrepement (n.) A destructive kind of waste, committed by a tenant for life, in lands, woods, or houses.

Estrich (n.) Ostrich.

Estrich (n.) The down of the ostrich.

Estuance (n.) Heat.

Estuary (n.) A place where water boils up; a spring that wells forth.

Estuary (n.) A passage, as the mouth of a river or lake, where the tide meets the current; an arm of the sea; a frith.

Estuation (n.) The act of estuating; commotion, as of a fluid; agitation.

Estufa (n.) An assembly room in dwelling of the Pueblo Indians.

Esture (n.) Commotion.

Esurient (n.) One who is hungry or greedy.

Esurine (n.) A medicine which provokes appetites, or causes hunger.

Etaac (n.) The blue buck.

Etacism (n.) The pronunciation of the Greek / (eta) like the Italian e long, that is like a in the English word ate. See Itacism.

Etacist (n.) One who favors etacism.

Etagere (n.) A piece of furniture having a number of uninclosed shelves or stages, one above another, for receiving articles of elegance or use.

Etch (n.) A variant of Eddish.

Etcher (n.) One who etches.

Etching (n.) The act, art, or practice of engraving by means of acid which eats away

Eteostic (n.) A kind of chronogram.

Eternal (n.) One of the appellations of God.

Eternal (n.) That which is endless and immortal.

Eternalist (n.) One who holds the existence of matter to be from eternity.

Eternity (n.) Infinite duration, without beginning in the past or end in the future; also, duration without end in the future; endless time.

Eternity (n.) Condition which begins at death; immortality.

Eternization (n.) The act of eternizing; the act of rendering immortal or famous.

Ethal (n.) A white waxy solid, C16H33.OH; -- called also cetylic alcohol. See Cetylic alcohol, under Cetylic.

Ethane (n.) A gaseous hydrocarbon, C2H6, forming a constituent of ordinary illuminating gas. It is the second member of the paraffin series, and its most important derivatives are common alcohol, aldehyde, ether, and acetic acid. Called also dimethyl.

Ethene (n.) Ethylene; olefiant gas.

Ethenyl (n.) A trivalent hydrocarbon radical, CH3.C.

Ethenyl (n.) A univalent hydrocarbon radical of the ethylene series, CH2:CH; -- called also vinyl. See Vinyl.

Etheostomoid (n.) Any fish of the genus Etheostoma and related genera, allied to the perches; -- also called darter. The etheostomoids are small and often bright-colored fishes inhabiting the fresh waters of North America. About seventy species are known. See Darter.

Ether (n.) A medium of great elasticity and extreme tenuity, supposed to pervade all space, the interior of solid bodies not excepted, and to be the medium of transmission of light and heat; hence often called luminiferous ether.

Ether (n.) Supposed matter above the air; the air itself.

Ether (n.) A light, volatile, mobile, inflammable liquid, (C2H5)2O, of a characteristic aromatic odor, obtained by the distillation of alcohol with sulphuric acid, and hence called also sulphuric ether. It is powerful solvent of fats, resins, and pyroxylin, but finds its chief use as an anaesthetic. Called also ethyl oxide.

Ether (n.) Any similar oxide of hydrocarbon radicals; as, amyl ether; valeric ether.

Etherealism (n.) Ethereality.

Ethereality (n.) The state of being ethereal; etherealness.

Etherealization (n.) An ethereal or spiritlike state.

Etherealness (n.) Ethereality.

Etherification (n.) The act or process of making ether; specifically, the process by which a large quantity of alcohol is transformed into ether by the agency of a small amount of sulphuric, or ethyl sulphuric, acid.

Etherin (n.) A white, crystal

Etherization (n.) The administration of ether to produce insensibility.

Etherization (n.) The state of the system under the influence of ether.

Etherol (n.) An oily hydrocarbon regarded as a polymeric variety of ethylene, produced with etherin.

Ethicist (n.) One who is versed in ethics, or has written on ethics.

Ethics (n.) The science of human duty; the body of rules of duty drawn from this science; a particular system of principles and rules concerting duty, whether true or false; rules of practice in respect to a single class of human actions; as, political or social ethics; medical ethics.

Ethide (n.) Any compound of ethyl of a binary type; as, potassium ethide.

Ethidene (n.) Ethylidene.

Ethine (n.) Acetylene.

Ethiop (n.) Alt. of Ethiopian

Ethiopian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Ethiopia; also, in a general sense, a negro or black man.

Ethiopic (n.) The language of ancient Ethiopia; the language of the ancient Abyssinian empire (in Ethiopia), now used only in the Abyssinian church. It is of Semitic origin, and is also called Geez.

Ethiops (n.) A black substance; -- formerly applied to various preparations of a black or very dark color.

Ethmoid (n.) The ethmoid bone.

Ethmotrubinal (n.) An ethmoturbinal bone.

Ethmovomerine (n.) Pertaining to the region of the vomer and the base of the ethmoid in the skull.

Ethnarch (n.) The governor of a province or people.

Ethnarchy (n.) The dominion of an ethnarch; principality and rule.

Ethnic (n.) A heathen; a pagan.

Ethnicism (n.) Heathenism; paganism; idolatry.

Ethnographer (n.) One who investigates ethnography.

Ethnography (n.) That branch of knowledge which has for its subject the characteristics of the human family, developing the details with which ethnology as a comparative science deals; descriptive ethnology. See Ethnology.

Ethnologist (n.) One versed in ethnology; a student of ethnology.

Ethnology (n.) The science which treats of the division of mankind into races, their origin, distribution, and relations, and the peculiarities which characterize them.

Ethologist (n.) One who studies or writes upon ethology.

Ethology (n.) A treatise on morality; ethics.

Ethology (n.) The science of the formation of character, national and collective as well as individual.

Ethyl (n.) A monatomic, hydrocarbon radical, C2H5 of the paraffin series, forming the essential radical of ethane, and of common alcohol and ether.

Ethylamine (n.) A colorless, mobile, inflammable liquid, C2H5.NH2, very volatile and with an ammoniacal odor. It is a strong base, and is a derivative of ammonia. Called also ethyl carbamine, and amido ethane.

Ethylate (n.) A compound derived from ethyl alcohol by the replacement of the hydroxyl hydrogen, after the manner of a hydrate; an ethyl alcoholate; as, potassium ethylate, C2H5.O.K.

Ethylene (n.) A colorless, gaseous hydrocarbon, C2H4, forming an important ingredient of illuminating gas, and also obtained by the action of concentrated sulphuric acid in alcohol. It is an unsaturated compound and combines directly with chlorine and bromine to form oily liquids (Dutch liquid), -- hence called olefiant gas. Called also ethene, elayl, and formerly, bicarbureted hydrogen.

Etiolation (n.) The operation of blanching plants, by excluding the light of the sun; the condition of a blanched plant.

Etiolation (n.) Paleness produced by absence of light, or by disease.

Etoolin (n.) A yellowish coloring matter found in plants grown in darkness, which is supposed to be an antecedent condition of chlorophyll.

Etiology (n.) The science of causes. Same as /tiology.

Etiquette (n.) The forms required by good breeding, or prescribed by authority, to be observed in social or official life; observance of the proprieties of rank and occasion; conventional decorum; ceremonial code of polite society.

Etna (n.) A kind of small, portable, cooking apparatus for which heat is furnished by a spirit lamp.

Etoile (n.) See Estoile.

Etrurian (n.) A native or inhabitant of ancient Etruria.

Etruscan (n.) Of or relating to Etruria.

Etruscan (n.) A native or inhabitant of Etruria.

Etter pike (n.) The stingfish, or lesser weever (Tranchinus vipera).

Ettin (n.) A giant.

Etude (n.) A composition in the fine arts which is intended, or may serve, for a study.

Etude (n.) A study; an exercise; a piece for practice of some special point of technical execution.

Etui (n.) A case for one or several small articles; esp., a box in which scissors, tweezers, and other articles of toilet or of daily use are carried.

Etwee (n.) See Etui.

Etym (n.) See Etymon.

Etymologer (n.) An etymologist.

Etymologicon (n.) An etymological dictionary or manual.

Etymologist (n.) One who investigates the derivation of words.

Etymology (n.) That branch of philological science which treats of the history of words, tracing out their origin, primitive significance, and changes of form and meaning.

Etymology (n.) That part of grammar which relates to the changes in the form of the words in a language; inflection.

Etymon (n.) An original form; primitive word; root.

Etymon (n.) Original or fundamental signification.

Eucairite (n.) A metallic mineral, a selenide of copper and silver; -- so called by Berzelius on account of its being found soon after the discovery of the metal selenium.

Eucalyn (n.) An unfermentable sugar, obtained as an uncrystallizable sirup by the decomposition of melitose; also obtained from a Tasmanian eucalyptus, -- whence its name.

Eucalyptol (n.) A volatile, terpenelike oil extracted from the eucalyptus, and consisting largely of cymene.

Eucalyptus (n.) A myrtaceous genus of trees, mostly Australian. Many of them grow to an immense height, one or two species exceeding the height even of the California Sequoia.

Eucharis (n.) A genus of South American amaryllidaceous plants with large and beautiful white blossoms.

Eucharist (n.) The act of giving thanks; thanksgiving.

Eucharist (n.) The sacrament of the Lord's Supper; the solemn act of ceremony of commemorating the death of Christ, in the use of bread and wine, as the appointed emblems; the communion.

Euchite (n.) One who resolves religion into prayer.

Euchlorine (n.) A yellow or greenish yellow gas, first prepared by Davy, evolved from potassium chlorate and hydrochloric acid. It is supposed to consist of chlorine tetroxide with some free chlorine.

Euchologion (n.) Alt. of Euchology

Euchology (n.) A formulary of prayers; the book of offices in the Greek Church, containing the liturgy, sacraments, and forms of prayers.

Euchologue (n.) Euchology.

Euchre (n.) A game at cards, that may be played by two, three, or four persons, the highest card (except when an extra card called the Joker is used) being the knave of the same suit as the trump, and called right bower, the lowest card used being the seven, or frequently, in two-handed euchre, the nine spot. See Bower.

Euchroite (n.) A mineral occurring in transparent emerald green crystals. It is hydrous arseniate of copper.

Euchrone (n.) A substance obtained from euchroic acid. See Eychroic.

Euchymy (n.) A good state of the blood and other fluids of the body.

Euclase (n.) A brittle gem occurring in light green, transparent crystals, affording a brilliant clinodiagonal cleavage. It is a silicate of alumina and glucina.

Euclid (n.) A Greek geometer of the 3d century b. c.; also, his treatise on geometry, and hence, the principles of geometry, in general.

Euclidian (n.) Related to Euclid, or to the geometry of Euclid.

Eudemon (n.) Alt. of Eudaemon

Eudaemon (n.) A good angel.

Eudemonics (n.) Alt. of Eudaemonics

Eudaemonics (n.) That part of moral philosophy which treats of happiness; the science of happiness; -- contrasted with aretaics.

Eudemonism (n.) Alt. of Eudaemonism

Eudaemonism (n.) That system of ethics which defines and enforces moral obligation by its relation to happiness or personal well-being.

Eudemonist (n.) Alt. of Eudaemonist

Eudaemonist (n.) One who believes in eudemonism.

Eudialyte (n.) A mineral of a brownish red color and vitreous luster, consisting chiefly of the silicates of iron, zirconia, and lime.

Eudiometer (n.) An instrument for the volumetric measurement of gases; -- so named because frequently used to determine the purity of the air.

Eudiometry (n.) The art or process of determining the constituents of a gaseous mixture by means of the eudiometer, or for ascertaining the purity of the air or the amount of oxygen in it.

Eudoxian (n.) A follower of Eudoxius, patriarch of Antioch and Constantinople in the 4th century, and a celebrated defender of the doctrines of Arius.

Euge (n.) Applause.

Eugenia (n.) A genus of myrtaceous plants, mostly of tropical countries, and including several aromatic trees and shrubs, among which are the trees which produce allspice and cloves of commerce.

Eugenics (n.) The science of improving stock, whether human or animal.

Eugenin (n.) A colorless, crystal

Eugenol (n.) A colorless, aromatic, liquid hydrocarbon, C10H12O2 resembling the phenols, and hence also called eugenic acid. It is found in the oils of pimento and cloves.

Eugh (n.) The yew.

Euhemerism (n.) The theory, held by Euhemerus, that the gods of mythology were but deified mortals, and their deeds only the amplification in imagination of human acts.

Euhemerist (n.) One who advocates euhemerism.

Eulachon (n.) The candlefish. [Written also oulachan, oolacan, and ulikon.] See Candlefish.

Eulogist (n.) One who eulogizes or praises; panegyrist; encomiast.

Eulogium (n.) A formal eulogy.

Eulogy (n.) A speech or writing in commendation of the character or services of a person; as, a fitting eulogy to worth.

Eulytite (n.) A mineral, consisting chiefly of the silicate of bismuth, found at Freiberg; -- called also culytine.

Eumolpus (n.) A genus of small beetles, one species of which (E. viti) is very injurious to the vines in the wine countries of Europe.

Eunomian (n.) A follower of Eunomius, bishop of Cyzicus (4th century A. D.), who held that Christ was not God but a created being, having a nature different from that of the Father.

Eunomy (n.) Equal law, or a well-adjusted constitution of government.

Eunuch (n.) A male of the human species castrated; commonly, one of a class of such persons, in Oriental countries, having charge of the women's apartments. Some of them, in former times, gained high official rank.

Eunuchism (n.) The state of being eunuch.

Euonymin (n.) A principle or mixture of principles derived from Euonymus atropurpureus, or spindle tree.

Euonymus (n.) A genus of small European and American trees; the spindle tree. The bark is used as a cathartic.

Euosmitte (n.) A fossil resin, so called from its strong, peculiar, pleasant odor.

Eupathy (n.) Right feeling.

Eupatorin Eupatorine (n.) A principle or mixture of principles extracted from various species of Eupatorium.

Eupatorium (n.) A genus of perennial, composite herbs including hemp agrimony, boneset, throughwort, etc.

Eupatrid (n.) One well born, or of noble birth.

Eupepsia (n.) Alt. of Eupepsy

Eupepsy (n.) Soundness of the nutritive or digestive organs; good concoction or digestion; -- opposed to dyspepsia.

Euphemism (n.) A figure in which a harts or indelicate word or expression is softened; a way of describing an offensive thing by an inoffensive expression; a mild name for something disagreeable.

Euphoniad (n.) An instrument in which are combined the characteristic tones of the organ and various other instruments.

Euphonicon (n.) A kind of upright piano.

Euphonism (n.) An agreeable combination of sounds; euphony.

Euphonium (n.) A bass instrument of the saxhorn family.

Euphonon (n.) An instrument resembling the organ in tine and the upright piano in form. It is characterized by great strength and sweetness of tone.

Euphonous (n.) Euphonious.

Euphony (n.) A pleasing or sweet sound; an easy, smooth enunciation of sounds; a pronunciation of letters and syllables which is pleasing to the ear.

Euphorbia (n.) Spurge, or bastard spurge, a genus of plants of many species, mostly shrubby, herbaceous succulents, affording an acrid, milky juice. Some of them are armed with thorns. Most of them yield powerful emetic and cathartic products.

Euphorbin Euphorbine (n.) A principle, or mixture of principles, derived from various species of Euphorbia.

Euphorbium (n.) An inodorous exudation, usually in the form of yellow tears, produced chiefly by the African Euphorbia resinifrea. It was formerly employed medicinally, but was found so violent in its effects that its use is nearly abandoned.

Euphotide (n.) A rock occurring in the Alps, consisting of saussurite and smaragdite; -- sometimes called gabbro.

Euphrasy (n.) The plant eyesight (euphrasia officionalis), formerly regarded as beneficial in disorders of the eyes.

Euphroe (n.) A block or long slat of wood, perforated for the passage of the crowfoot, or cords by which an awning is held up.

Euphuism (n.) An affectation of excessive elegance and refinement of language; high-flown diction.

Euphuist (n.) One who affects excessive refinement and elegance of language; -- applied esp. to a class of writers, in the age of Elizabeth, whose productions are marked by affected conceits and high-flown diction.

Eupione (n.) A limpid, oily liquid obtained by the destructive distillation of various vegetable and animal substances; -- specifically, an oil consisting largely of the higher hydrocarbons of the paraffin series.

Eupittone (n.) A yellow, crystal

Euplastic (n.) Organizable substance by which the tissues of an animal body are renewed.

Euplectella (n.) A genus of elegant, glassy sponges, consisting of interwoven siliceous fibers, and growing in the form of a cornucopia; -- called also Venus's flower-basket.

Eupnaea (n.) Normal breathing where arterialization of the blood is normal, in distinction from dyspnaea, in which the blood is insufficiently arterialized.

Eupryion (n.) A contrivance for obtaining a light instantaneous, as a lucifer match.

Eurasian (n.) A child of a European parent on the one side and an Asiatic on the other.

Eurasian (n.) One born of European parents in Asia.

Euripus (n.) A strait; a narrow tract of water, where the tide, or a current, flows and reflows with violence, as the ancient fright of this name between Eubaea and Baeotia. Hence, a flux and reflux.

Euritte (n.) A compact feldspathic rock; felsite. See Felsite.

Euroclydon (n.) A tempestuous northeast wind which blows in the Mediterranean. See Levanter.

European (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Europe.

Eurus (n.) The east wind.

Euryale (n.) A genus of water lilies, growing in India and China. The only species (E. ferox) is very prickly on the peduncles and calyx. The rootstocks and seeds are used as food.

Euryale (n.) A genus of ophiurans with much-branched arms.

Eurypterus (n.) A genus of extinct Merostomata, found in Silurian rocks. Some of the species are more than three feet long.

Eurythmy (n.) Just or harmonious proportion or movement, as in the composition of a poem, an edifice, a painting, or a statue.

Eurythmy (n.) Regularly of the pulse.

Eusebian (n.) A follower of Eusebius, bishop of Caesarea, who was a friend and protector of Arius.

Eustyle (n.) See Intercolumnlation.

Eutaxy (n.) Good or established order or arrangement.

Euthanasia (n.) An easy death; a mode of dying to be desired.

Euthanasy (n.) Same as Euthanasia.

Eutrophy (n.) Healthy nutrition; soundless as regards the nutritive functions.

Eutychian (n.) A follower of Eutyches [5th century], who held that the divine and the human in the person of Christ were blended together as to constitute but one nature; a monophysite; -- opposed to Nestorian.

Eutychianism (n.) The doctrine of Eutyches and his followers.

Euxanthin (n.) A yellow pigment imported from India and China. It has a strong odor, and is said to be obtained from the urine of herbivorous animals when fed on the mango. It consists if a magnesium salt of euxanthic acid. Called also puri, purree, and Indian yellow.

Euxenite (n.) A brownish black mineral with a metallic luster, found in Norway. It contains niobium, titanium, yttrium, and uranium, with some other metals.

Evacuant (n.) A purgative or cathartic.

Evacuation (n.) The act of emptying, clearing of the contents, or discharging.

Evacuation (n.) Withdrawal of troops from a town, fortress, etc.

Evacuation (n.) Voidance of any matter by the natural passages of the body or by an artificial opening; defecation; also, a diminution of the fluids of an animal body by cathartics, venesection, or other means.

Evacuation (n.) That which is evacuated or discharged; especially, a discharge by stool or other natural means.

Evacuation (n.) Abolition; nullification.

Evacuator (n.) One who evacuates; a nullifier.

Evacuatory (n.) A purgative.

Evagation (n.) A wandering about; excursion; a roving.

Evagination (n.) The act of unsheathing.

Evaluation (n.) Valuation; appraisement.

Evanescence (n.) The act or state of vanishing away; disappearance; as, the evanescence of vapor, of a dream, of earthly plants or hopes.

Evangel (n.) Good news; announcement of glad tidings; especially, the gospel, or a gospel.

Evangelical (n.) One of evangelical principles.

Evangelicalism (n.) Adherence to evangelical doctrines; evangelism.

Evangelicalness (n.) State of being evangelical.

Evangelicism (n.) Evangelical principles; evangelism.

Evangelicity (n.) Evangelicism.

Evangelism (n.) The preaching or promulgation of the gospel.

Evangelist (n.) A bringer of the glad tidings of Church and his doctrines. Specially: (a) A missionary preacher sent forth to prepare the way for a resident pastor; an itinerant missionary preacher. (b) A writer of one of the four Gospels (With the definite article); as, the four evangelists, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John. (c) A traveling preacher whose efforts are chiefly directed to arouse to immediate repentance.

Evangelistary (n.) A selection of passages from the Gospels, as a lesson in divine service.

Evangelization (n.) The act of evangelizing; the state of being evangelized.

Evangely (n.) Evangel.

Evangile (n.) Good tidings; evangel.

Evanishment (n.) A vanishing; disappearance.

Evaporation (n.) The process by which any substance is converted from a liquid state into, and carried off in, vapor; as, the evaporation of water, of ether, of camphor.

Evaporation (n.) The transformation of a portion of a fluid into vapor, in order to obtain the fixed matter contained in it in a state of greater consistence.

Evaporation (n.) That which is evaporated; vapor.

Evaporation (n.) See Vaporization.

Evaporator (n.) An apparatus for condensing vegetable juices, or for drying fruit by heat.

Evaporometer (n.) An instrument for ascertaining the quantity of a fluid evaporated in a given time; an atmometer.

Evasion (n.) The act of eluding or avoiding, particularly the pressure of an argument, accusation, charge, or interrogation; artful means of eluding.

Eve (n.) Evening.

Eve (n.) The evening before a holiday, -- from the Jewish mode of reckoning the day as beginning at sunset. not at midnight; as, Christians eve is the evening before Christmas; also, the period immediately preceding some important event.

Evectics (n.) The branch of medical science which teaches the method of acquiring a good habit of body.

Even (n.) Evening. See Eve, n. 1.

Evener (n.) One who, or that which makes even.

Evener (n.) In vehicles, a swinging crossbar, to the ends of which other crossbars, or whiffletrees, are hung, to equalize the draught when two or three horses are used abreast.

Evenfall (n.) Beginning of evening.

Evenhand (n.) Equality.

Evening (n.) The latter part and close of the day, and the beginning of darkness or night; properly, the dec

Evening (n.) The latter portion, as of life; the declining period, as of strength or glory.

Evenness (n.) The state of being ven, level, or disturbed; smoothness; horizontal position; uniformity; impartiality; calmness; equanimity; appropriate place or level; as, evenness of surface, of a fluid at rest, of motion, of dealings, of temper, of condition.

Evensong (n.) A song for the evening; the evening service or form of worship (in the Church of England including vespers and comp

Event (n.) That which comes, arrives, or happens; that which falls out; any incident, good or bad.

Event (n.) An affair in hand; business; enterprise.

Event (n.) The consequence of anything; the issue; conclusion; result; that in which an action, operation, or series of operations, terminates.

Eventide (n.) The time of evening; evening.

Eventilation (n.) The act of eventilating; discussion.

Eventration (n.) A tumor containing a large portion of the abdominal viscera, occasioned by relaxation of the walls of the abdomen.

Eventration (n.) A wound, of large extent, in the abdomen, through which the greater part of the intestines protrude.

Eventration (n.) The act af disemboweling.

Eventuality (n.) The coming as a consequence; contingency; also, an event which comes as a consequence.

Eventuality (n.) Disposition to take cognizance of events.

Eventuation (n.) The act of eventuating or happening as a result; the outcome.

Everglade (n.) A swamp or low tract of land inundated with water and interspersed with hummocks, or small islands, and patches of high grass; as, the everglades of Florida.

Evergreen (n.) An evergreen plant.

Evergreen (n.) Twigs and branches of evergreen plants used for decoration.

Enerlasting (n.) Eternal duration, past of future; eternity.

Enerlasting (n.) (With the definite article) The Eternal Being; God.

Enerlasting (n.) A plant whose flowers may be dried without losing their form or color, as the pearly everlasting (Anaphalis margaritacea), the immortelle of the French, the cudweeds, etc.

Enerlasting (n.) A cloth fabic for shoes, etc. See Lasting.

Everlastingness (n.) The state of being everlasting; endless duration; indefinite duration.

Eversion (n.) The act of eversing; destruction.

Eversion (n.) The state of being turned back or outward; as, eversion of eyelids; ectropium.

Everybody (n.) Every person.

Everyone (n.) Everybody; -- commonly separated, every one.

Everything (n.) Whatever pertains to the subject under consideration; all things.

Everywhereness (n.) Ubiquity; omnipresence.

Evesdropper (n.) See Eavesdropper.

Evet (n.) The common newt or eft. In America often applied to several species of aquatic salamanders.

Eviction (n.) The act or process of evicting; or state of being evicted; the recovery of lands, tenements, etc., from another's possession by due course of law; dispossession by paramount title or claim of such title; ejectment; ouster.

Eviction (n.) Conclusive evidence; proof.

Evidence (n.) That which makes evident or manifest; that which furnishes, or tends to furnish, proof; any mode of proof; the ground of belief or judgement; as, the evidence of our senses; evidence of the truth or falsehood of a statement.

Evidence (n.) One who bears witness.

Evidence (n.) That which is legally submitted to competent tribunal, as a means of ascertaining the truth of any alleged matter of fact under investigation before it; means of making proof; -- the latter, strictly speaking, not being synonymous with evidence, but rather the effect of it.

Evidencer (n.) One whi gives evidence.

Evidentness (n.) State of being evident.

Evigilation (n.) A waking up or awakening.

Evil (n.) Anything which impairs the happiness of a being or deprives a being of any good; anything which causes suffering of any kind to sentient beings; injury; mischief; harm; -- opposed to good.

Evil (n.) Moral badness, or the deviation of a moral being from the principles of virtue imposed by conscience, or by the will of the Supreme Being, or by the principles of a lawful human authority; disposition to do wrong; moral offence; wickedness; depravity.

Evil (n.) malady or disease; especially in the phrase king's evil, the scrofula.

Evilness (n.) The condition or quality of being evil; badness; viciousness; malignity; vileness; as, evilness of heart; the evilness of sin.

Evincement (n.) The act of evincing or proving, or the state of being evinced.

Eviration (n.) Castration.

Evitation (n.) A shunning; avoidance.

Eviternity (n.) Eternity.

Evocation (n.) The act of calling out or forth.

Evocator (n.) One who calls forth.

Evolation (n.) A flying out or up.

Evolute (n.) A curve from which another curve, called the involute or evolvent, is described by the end of a thread gradually wound upon the former, or unwound from it. See Involute. It is the locus of the centers of all the circles which are osculatory to the given curve or evolvent.

Evolutility (n.) The faculty possessed by all substances capable of self-nourishment of manifesting the nutritive acts by changes of form, of volume, or of structure.

Evolution (n.) The act of unfolding or unrolling; hence, in the process of growth; development; as, the evolution of a flower from a bud, or an animal from the egg.

Evolution (n.) A series of things unrolled or unfolded.

Evolution (n.) The formation of an involute by unwrapping a thread from a curve as an evolute.

Evolution (n.) The extraction of roots; -- the reverse of involution.

Evolution (n.) A prescribed movement of a body of troops, or a vessel or fleet; any movement designed to effect a new arrangement or disposition; a maneuver.

Evolution (n.) A general name for the history of the steps by which any living organism has acquired the morphological and physiological characters which distinguish it; a gradual unfolding of successive phases of growth or development.

Evolution (n.) That theory of generation which supposes the germ to preexist in the parent, and its parts to be developed, but not actually formed, by the procreative act; -- opposed to epigenesis.

Evolution (n.) That series of changes under natural law which involves continuous progress from the homogeneous to the heterogeneous in structure, and from the single and simple to the diverse and manifold in quality or function. The pocess is by some limited to organic beings; by others it is applied to the inorganic and the psychical. It is also applied to explain the existence and growth of institutions, manners, language, civilization, and every product of human activity. The agencies a>

Evolutionism (n.) The theory of, or belief in, evolution. See Evolution, 6 and 7.

Evolutionist (n.) One skilled in evolutions.

Evolutionist (n.) one who holds the doctrine of evolution, either in biology or in metaphysics.

Evolvement (n.) The act of evolving, or the state of being evolved; evolution.

Evolvent (n.) The involute of a curve. See Involute, and Evolute.

Evomition (n.) The act of vomiting.

Evulgation (n.) A divulging.

Evulsion (n.) The act of plucking out; a rooting out.

Ew (n.) A yew.

Ewe (n.) The female of the sheep, and of sheeplike animals.

Ewer (n.) A kind of widemouthed pitcher or jug; esp., one used to hold water for the toilet.

Ewery (n.) Alt. of Ewry

Ewry (n.) An office or place of household service where the ewers were formerly kept.

Ewt (n.) The newt.

Exacerbation (n.) The act rendering more violent or bitter; the state of being exacerbated or intensified in violence or malignity; as, exacerbation of passion.

Exacerbation (n.) A periodical increase of violence in a disease, as in remittent or continious fever; an increased energy of diseased and painful action.

Exacerbescence (n.) Increase of irritation or violence, particularly the increase of a fever or disease.

Exacervation (n.) The act of heaping up.

Exacination (n.) Removal of the kernel.

Exacter (n.) An exactor.

Exaction (n.) The act of demanding with authority, and compelling to pay or yield; compulsion to give or furnish; a levying by force; a driving to compliance; as, the exaction to tribute or of obedience; hence, extortion.

Exaction (n.) That which is exacted; a severe tribute; a fee, reward, or contribution, demanded or levied with severity or injustice.

Exacritude (n.) The quality of being exact; exactness.

Exactness (n.) The condition of being exact; accuracy; nicety; precision; regularity; as, exactness of jurgement or deportment.

Exactness (n.) Careful observance of method and conformity to truth; as, exactness in accounts or business.

Exactor (n.) One who exacts or demands by authority or right; hence, an extortioner; also, one unreasonably severe in injunctions or demands.

Exactress (n.) A woman who is an exactor.

Exaeresis (n.) In old writers, the operations concerned in the removal of parts of the body.

Exaggeration (n.) The act of heaping or piling up.

Exaggeration (n.) The act of exaggerating; the act of doing or representing in an excessive manner; a going beyond the bounds of truth reason, or justice; a hyperbolical representation; hyperbole; overstatement.

Exaggeration (n.) A representation of things beyond natural life, in expression, beauty, power, vigor.

Exaggerator (n.) One who exaggerates; one addicted to exaggeration.

Exagitation (n.) Agitation.

Exaltation (n.) The act of exalting or raising high; also, the state of being exalted; elevation.

Exaltation (n.) The refinement or subtilization of a body, or the increasing of its virtue or principal property.

Exaltation (n.) That place of a planet in the zodiac in which it was supposed to exert its strongest influence.

Exalter (n.) One who exalts or raises to dignity.

Exaltment (n.) Exaltation.

Exametron (n.) An hexameter.

Examinant (n.) One who examines; an examiner.

Examinant (n.) One who is to be examined.

Examinate (n.) A person subjected to examination.

Examination (n.) The act of examining, or state of being examined; a careful search, investigation, or inquiry; scrutiny by study or experiment.

Examination (n.) A process prescribed or assigned for testing qualification; as, the examination of a student, or of a candidate for admission to the bar or the ministry.

Examinator (n.) An examiner.

Examinee (n.) A person examined.

Examiner (n.) One who examines, tries, or inspects; one who interrogates; an officer or person charged with the duty of making an examination; as, an examiner of students for a degree; an examiner in chancery, in the patent office, etc.

Examinership (n.) The office or rank of an examiner.

Example (n.) One or a portion taken to show the character or quality of the whole; a sample; a specimen.

Example (n.) That which is to be followed or imitated as a model; a pattern or copy.

Example (n.) That which resembles or corresponds with something else; a precedent; a model.

Example (n.) That which is to be avoided; one selected for punishment and to serve as a warning; a warning.

Example (n.) An instance serving for illustration of a rule or precept, especially a problem to be solved, or a case to be determined, as an exercise in the application of the rules of any study or branch of science; as, in trigonometry and grammar, the principles and rules are illustrated by examples.

Exampler (n.) A pattern; an exemplar.

Exanimation (n.) Deprivation of life or of spirits.

Exanthem (n.) Same as Exanthema.

Exanthema (n.) An efflorescence or discoloration of the skin; an eruption or breaking out, as in measles, smallpox, scarlatina, and the like diseases; -- sometimes limited to eruptions attended with fever.

Exanthesis (n.) An eruption of the skin; cutaneous efflorescence.

Exantlation (n.) Act of drawing out ; exhaustion.

Exaration (n.) Act of plowing; also, act of writing.

Exarch (n.) A viceroy; in Ravenna, the title of the viceroys of the Byzantine emperors; in the Eastern Church, the superior over several monasteries; in the modern Greek Church, a deputy of the patriarch , who visits the clergy, investigates ecclesiastical cases, etc.

Exarchate (n.) The office or the province of an exarch.

Exarticulation (n.) Luxation; the dislocation of a joint.

Exasperater (n.) One who exasperates or inflames anger, enmity, or violence.

Exasperation (n.) The act of exasperating or the state of being exasperated; irritation; keen or bitter anger.

Exasperation (n.) Increase of violence or malignity; aggravation; exacerbation.

Exauctoration (n.) See Exauthoration.

Exauguration (n.) The act of exaugurating; desecration.

Exauthoration (n.) Deprivation of authority or dignity; degration.

Excalceation (n.) The act of depriving or divesting of shoes.

Excalfaction (n.) A heating or warming; calefaction.

Excalibur (n.) The name of King Arthur's mythical sword.

Excambion (n.) Alt. of Excambium

Excambium (n.) Exchange; barter; -- used commonly of lands.

Excandescence (n.) A growing hot; a white or glowing heat; incandescence.

Excandescence (n.) Violent anger; a growing angry.

Excantation (n.) Disenchantment by a countercharm.

Excarnation (n.) The act of depriving or divesting of flesh; excarnification; -- opposed to incarnation.

Excarnification (n.) The act of excarnificating or of depriving of flesh; excarnation.

Excavation (n.) The act of excavating, or of making hollow, by cutting, scooping, or digging out a part of a solid mass.

Excavation (n.) A cavity formed by cutting, digging, or scooping.

Excavation (n.) An uncovered cutting in the earth, in distinction from a covered cutting or tunnel.

Excavation (n.) The material dug out in making a channel or cavity.

Excavator (n.) One who, or that which, excavates or hollows out; a machine, as a dredging machine, or a tool, for excavating.

Excecation (n.) The act of making blind.

Exceeder (n.) One who exceeds.

Excellence (n.) The quality of being excellent; state of possessing good qualities in an eminent degree; exalted merit; superiority in virtue.

Excellence (n.) An excellent or valuable quality; that by which any one excels or is eminent; a virtue.

Excellence (n.) A title of honor or respect; -- more common in the form excellency.

Excellency (n.) Excellence; virtue; dignity; worth; superiority.

Excellency (n.) A title of honor given to certain high dignitaries, esp. to viceroys, ministers, and ambassadors, to English colonial governors, etc. It was formerly sometimes given to kings and princes.

Excelsior (n.) A kind of stuffing for upholstered furniture, mattresses, etc., in which curled shreds of wood are substituted for curled hair.

Exception (n.) The act of excepting or excluding; exclusion; restriction by taking out something which would otherwise be included, as in a class, statement, rule.

Exception (n.) That which is excepted or taken out from others; a person, thing, or case, specified as distinct, or not included; as, almost every general rule has its exceptions.

Exception (n.) An objection, oral or written, taken, in the course of an action, as to bail or security; or as to the decision of a judge, in the course of a trail, or in his charge to a jury; or as to lapse of time, or scandal, impertinence, or insufficiency in a pleading; also, as in conveyancing, a clause by which the grantor excepts something before granted.

Exception (n.) An objection; cavil; dissent; disapprobation; offense; cause of offense; -- usually followed by to or against.

Exceptioner (n.) One who takes exceptions or makes objections.

Exceptor (n.) One who takes exceptions.

Excerebration (n.) The act of removing or beating out the brains.

Excerpt (n.) An extract; a passage selected or copied from a book or record.

Excerption (n.) The act of excerpting or selecting.

Excerption (n.) That which is selected or gleaned; an extract.

Excerptor (n.) One who makes excerpts; a picker; a culler.

Excess (n.) The state of surpassing or going beyond limits; the being of a measure beyond sufficiency, necessity, or duty; that which exceeds what is usual or prover; immoderateness; superfluity; superabundance; extravagance; as, an excess of provisions or of light.

Excess (n.) An undue indulgence of the appetite; transgression of proper moderation in natural gratifications; intemperance; dissipation.

Excess (n.) The degree or amount by which one thing or number exceeds another; remainder; as, the difference between two numbers is the excess of one over the other.

Exchange (n.) The act of giving or taking one thing in return for another which is regarded as an equivalent; as, an exchange of cattle for grain.

Exchange (n.) The act of substituting one thing in the place of another; as, an exchange of grief for joy, or of a scepter for a sword, and the like; also, the act of giving and receiving reciprocally; as, an exchange of civilities or views.

Exchange (n.) The thing given or received in return; esp., a publication exchanged for another.

Exchange (n.) The process of setting accounts or debts between parties residing at a distance from each other, without the intervention of money, by exchanging orders or drafts, called bills of exchange. These may be drawn in one country and payable in another, in which case they are called foreign bills; or they may be drawn and made payable in the same country, in which case they are called inland bills. The term bill of exchange is often abbreviated into exchange; as, to buy or sell exch>

Exchange (n.) A mutual grant of equal interests, the one in consideration of the other. Estates exchanged must be equal in quantity, as fee simple for fee simple.

Exchange (n.) The place where the merchants, brokers, and bankers of a city meet at certain hours, to transact business. In this sense often contracted to 'Change.

Exchange (n.) To part with give, or transfer to another in consideration of something received as an equivalent; -- usually followed by for before the thing received.

Exchange (n.) To part with for a substitute; to lay aside, quit, or resign (something being received in place of the thing parted with); as, to exchange a palace for cell.

Exchange (n.) To give and receive reciprocally, as things of the same kind; to barter; to swap; as, to exchange horses with a neighbor; to exchange houses or hats.

Exchangeability (n.) The quality or state of being exchangeable.

Exchanger (n.) One who exchanges; one who practices exchange.

Excheat (n.) See Escheat.

Excheator (n.) See Escheator.

Exchequer (n.) One of the superior courts of law; -- so called from a checkered cloth, which covers, or formerly covered, the table.

Exchequer (n.) The department of state having charge of the collection and management of the royal revenue. [Eng.] Hence, the treasury; and, colloquially, pecuniary possessions in general; as, the company's exchequer is low.

Excipient (n.) An exceptor.

Excipient (n.) An inert or slightly active substance used in preparing remedies as a vehicle or medium of administration for the medicinal agents.

Exciple (n.) Alt. of Excipulum

Excipulum (n.) The outer part of the fructification of most lichens.

Excise (n.) In inland duty or impost operating as an indirect tax on the consumer, levied upon certain specified articles, as, tobacco, ale, spirits, etc., grown or manufactured in the country. It is also levied to pursue certain trades and deal in certain commodities. Certain direct taxes (as, in England, those on carriages, servants, plate, armorial bearings, etc.), are included in the excise. Often used adjectively; as, excise duties; excise law; excise system.

Excise (n.) That department or bureau of the public service charged with the collection of the excise taxes.

Exciseman (n.) An officer who inspects and rates articles liable to excise duty.

Excision (n.) The act of excising or cutting out or off; extirpation; destruction.

Excision (n.) The act of cutting off from the church; excommunication.

Excision (n.) The removal, especially of small parts, with a cutting instrument.

Excitability (n.) The quality of being readily excited; proneness to be affected by exciting causes.

Excitability (n.) The property manifested by living organisms, and the elements and tissues of which they are constituted, of responding to the action of stimulants; irritability; as, nervous excitability.

Excitant (n.) An agent or influence which arouses vital activity, or produces increased action, in a living organism or in any of its tissues or parts; a stimulant.

Excitation (n.) The act of exciting or putting in motion; the act of rousing up or awakening.

Excitation (n.) The act of producing excitement (stimulation); also, the excitement produced.

Excitator (n.) A kind of discarder.

Exciteful (n.) Full of exciting qualities; as, an exciteful story; exciteful players.

Excitement (n.) The act of exciting, or the state of being roused into action, or of having increased action; impulsion; agitation; as, an excitement of the people.

Excitement (n.) That which excites or rouses; that which moves, stirs, or induces action; a motive.

Excitement (n.) A state of aroused or increased vital activity in an organism, or any of its organs or tissues.

Exciter (n.) One who, or that which, excites.

Excitive (n.) That which excites; an excitant.

Excito-motion (n.) Motion excited by reflex nerves. See Excito-motory.

Exclaim (n.) Outcry; clamor.

Exclaimer (n.) One who exclaims.

Exclamation (n.) A loud calling or crying out; outcry; loud or emphatic utterance; vehement vociferation; clamor; that which is cried out, as an expression of feeling; sudden expression of sound or words indicative of emotion, as in surprise, pain, grief, joy, anger, etc.

Exclamation (n.) A word expressing outcry; an interjection; a word expressing passion, as wonder, fear, or grief.

Exclamation (n.) A mark or sign by which outcry or emphatic utterance is marked; thus [!]; -- called also exclamation point.

Exclave (n.) A portion of a country which is separated from the main part and surrounded by politically alien territory.

Exclusion (n.) The act of excluding, or of shutting out, whether by thrusting out or by preventing admission; a debarring; rejection; prohibition; the state of being excluded.

Exclusion (n.) The act of expelling or ejecting a fetus or an egg from the womb.

Exclusion (n.) Thing emitted.

Exclusionism (n.) The character, manner, or principles of an exclusionist.

Exclusionist (n.) One who would exclude another from some right or privilege; esp., one of the anti-popish politicians of the time of Charles II.

Exclusive (n.) One of a coterie who exclude others; one who from real of affected fastidiousness limits his acquaintance to a select few.

Exclusiveness (n.) Quality of being exclusive.

Exclusivism (n.) The act or practice of excluding being exclusive; exclusiveness.

Exclusivist (n.) One who favor or practices any from of exclusiveness or exclusivism.

Excogitation (n.) The act of excogitating; a devising in the thoughts; invention; contrivance.

Excommunicant (n.) One who has been excommunicated.

Excommunicate (n.) One excommunicated.

Excommunication (n.) The act of communicating or ejecting; esp., an ecclesiastical censure whereby the person against whom it is pronounced is, for the time, cast out of the communication of the church; exclusion from fellowship in things spiritual.

Excommunicator (n.) One who excommunicates.

Excoriation (n.) The act of excoriating or flaying, or state of being excoriated, or stripped of the skin; abrasion.

Excoriation (n.) Stripping of possession; spoliation.

Excortication (n.) The act of stripping off bark, or the state of being thus stripped; decortication.

Excreation (n.) Act of spitting out.

Excrement (n.) Matter excreted and ejected; that which is excreted or cast out of the animal body by any of the natural emunctories; especially, alvine, discharges; dung; ordure.

Excrement (n.) An excrescence or appendage; an outgrowth.

Excrescence (n.) An excrescent appendage, as, a wart or tumor; anything growing out unnaturally from anything else; a preternatural or morbid development; hence, a troublesome superfluity; an incumbrance; as, an excrescence on the body, or on a plant.

Excrescency (n.) Excrescence.

Excretin (n.) A nonnitrogenous, crystal

Excretion (n.) The act of excreting.

Excretion (n.) That which is excreted; excrement.

Excruciation (n.) The act of inflicting agonizing pain, or the state of being thus afflicted; that which excruciates; torture.

Excubation (n.) A keeping watch.

Excubitorium (n.) A gallery in a church, where persons watched all night.

Exculpation (n.) The act of exculpating from alleged fault or crime; that which exculpates; excuse.

Excursionist (n.) One who goes on an excursion, or pleasure trip.

Excursus (n.) A dissertation or digression appended to a work, and containing a more extended exposition of some important point or topic.

Excusation (n.) Excuse; apology.

Excusator (n.) One who makes, or is authorized to make, an excuse; an apologist.

Excusement (n.) Excuse.

Excuser (n.) One who offers excuses or pleads in extenuation of the fault of another.

Excuser (n.) One who excuses or forgives another.

Excussion (n.) The act of excusing; seizure by law.

Exeat (n.) A license for absence from a college or a religious house.

Exeat (n.) A permission which a bishop grants to a priest to go out of his diocese.

Execration (n.) The act of cursing; a curse dictated by violent feelings of hatred; imprecation; utter detestation expressed.

Execration (n.) That which is execrated; a detested thing.

Execrative (n.) A word used for cursing; an imprecatory word or expression.

Execratory (n.) A formulary of execrations.

Exection (n.) See Exsection.

Executant (n.) One who executes or performs; esp., a performer on a musical instrument.

Executer (n.) One who performs or carries into effect. See Executor.

Execution (n.) The act of executing; a carrying into effect or to completion; performance; achievement; consummation; as, the execution of a plan, a work, etc.

Execution (n.) A putting to death as a legal penalty; death lawfully inflicted; as, the execution of a murderer.

Execution (n.) The act of the mode of performing a work of art, of performing on an instrument, of engraving, etc.; as, the execution of a statue, painting, or piece of music.

Execution (n.) The carrying into effect the judgment given in a court of law.

Execution (n.) A judicial writ by which an officer is empowered to carry a judgment into effect; final process.

Execution (n.) The act of signing, and delivering a legal instrument, or giving it the forms required to render it valid; as, the execution of a deed, or a will.

Execution (n.) That which is executed or accomplished; effect; effective work; -- usually with do.

Execution (n.) The act of sacking a town.

Executioner (n.) One who executes; an executer.

Executioner (n.) One who puts to death in conformity to legal warrant, as a hangman.

Executive (n.) An impersonal title of the chief magistrate or officer who administers the government, whether king, president, or governor; the governing person or body.

Executor (n.) One who executes or performs; a doer; as, an executor of baseness.

Executor (n.) An executioner.

Executor (n.) The person appointed by a testator to execute his will, or to see its provisions carried into effect, after his decease.

Executorship (n.) The office of an executor.

Executress (n.) An executrix.

Executrix (n.) A woman exercising the functions of an executor.

Exedra (n.) A room in a public building, furnished with seats.

Exedra (n.) The projection of any part of a building in a rounded form.

Exedra (n.) Any out-of-door seat in stone, large enough for several persons; esp., one of curved form.

Exegesis (n.) Exposition; explanation; especially, a critical explanation of a text or portion of Scripture.

Exegesis (n.) The process of finding the roots of an equation.

Exegete (n.) An exegetist.

Exegetics (n.) The science of interpretation or exegesis.

Exegetist (n.) One versed in the science of exegesis or interpretation; -- also called exegete.

Exemplar (n.) A model, original, or pattern, to be copied or imitated; a specimen; sometimes; an ideal model or type, as that which an artist conceives.

Exemplar (n.) A copy of a book or writing.

Exemplariness (n.) The state or quality of being exemplary; fitness to be an example.

Exemplarity (n.) Exemplariness.

Exemplary (n.) An exemplar; also, a copy of a book or writing.

Exemplification (n.) The act of exemplifying; a showing or illustrating by example.

Exemplification (n.) That which exemplifies; a case in point; example.

Exemplification (n.) A copy or transcript attested to be correct by the seal of an officer having custody of the original.

Exemplifier (n.) One who exemplifies by following a pattern.

Exempt (n.) One exempted or freed from duty; one not subject.

Exempt (n.) One of four officers of the Yeomen of the Royal Guard, having the rank of corporal; an Exon.

Exemption (n.) The act of exempting; the state of being exempt; freedom from any charge, burden, evil, etc., to which others are subject; immunity; privilege; as, exemption of certain articles from seizure; exemption from military service; exemption from anxiety, suffering, etc.

Exenteration (n.) Act of exenterating.

Exequatur (n.) A written official recognition of a consul or commercial agent, issued by the government to which he is accredited, and authorizing him to exercise his powers in the place to which he is assigned.

Exequatur (n.) Official recognition or permission.

Exequy (n.) A funeral rite (usually in the plural); the ceremonies of burial; obsequies; funeral procession.

Exercise (n.) The act of exercising; a setting in action or practicing; employment in the proper mode of activity; exertion; application; use; habitual activity; occupation, in general; practice.

Exercise (n.) Exertion for the sake of training or improvement whether physical, intellectual, or moral; practice to acquire skill, knowledge, virtue, perfectness, grace, etc.

Exercise (n.) Bodily exertion for the sake of keeping the organs and functions in a healthy state; hygienic activity; as, to take exercise on horseback.

Exercise (n.) The performance of an office, a ceremony, or a religious duty.

Exercise (n.) That which is done for the sake of exercising, practicing, training, or promoting skill, health, mental, improvement, moral discip

Exercise (n.) That which gives practice; a trial; a test.

Exerciser (n.) One who exercises.

Exercitation (n.) exercise; practice; use.

Exergue (n.) The small space beneath the base

Exertion (n.) The act of exerting, or putting into motion or action; the active exercise of any power or faculty; an effort, esp. a laborious or perceptible effort; as, an exertion of strength or power; an exertion of the limbs or of the mind; it is an exertion for him to move, to-day.

Exertment (n.) Exertion.

Exesion (n.) The act of eating out or through.

Exestuation (n.) A boiling up; effervescence.

Exfoliation (n.) The scaling off of a bone, a rock, or a mineral, etc.; the state of being exfoliated.

Exfoliative (n.) An exfoliative agent.

Exhalation (n.) The act or process of exhaling, or sending forth in the form of steam or vapor; evaporation.

Exhalation (n.) That which is exhaled, or which rises in the form of vapor, fume, or steam; effluvium; emanation; as, exhalations from the earth or flowers, decaying matter, etc.

Exhalation (n.) A bright phenomenon; a meteor.

Exhalement (n.) Exhalation.

Exhalence (n.) Exhalation.

Exhaust (n.) The steam let out of a cylinder after it has done its work there.

Exhaust (n.) The foul air let out of a room through a register or pipe provided for the purpose.

Exhauster (n.) One who, or that which, exhausts or draws out.

Exhaustibility (n.) Capability of being exhausted.

Exhaustion (n.) The act of draining out or draining off; the act of emptying completely of the contents.

Exhaustion (n.) The state of being exhausted or emptied; the state of being deprived of strength or spirits.

Exhaustion (n.) An ancient geometrical method in which an exhaustive process was employed. It was nearly equivalent to the modern method of limits.

Exhaustment (n.) Exhaustion; drain.

Exhausture (n.) Exhaustion.

Exhedra (n.) See Exedra.

Exheredation (n.) A disinheriting; disherisor.

Exhereditation (n.) A disinheriting; disherison.

Exhibit (n.) Any article, or collection of articles, displayed to view, as in an industrial exhibition; a display; as, this exhibit was marked A; the English exhibit.

Exhibit (n.) A document produced and identified in court for future use as evidence.

Exhibiter (n.) One who exhibits; one who presents a petition, charge or bill.

Exhibition (n.) The act of exhibiting for inspection, or of holding forth to view; manifestation; display.

Exhibition (n.) That which is exhibited, held forth, or displayed; also, any public show; a display of works of art, or of feats of skill, or of oratorical or dramatic ability; as, an exhibition of animals; an exhibition of pictures, statues, etc.; an industrial exhibition.

Exhibition (n.) Sustenance; maintenance; allowance, esp. for meat and drink; pension. Specifically: (Eng. Univ.) Private benefaction for the maintenance of scholars.

Exhibition (n.) The act of administering a remedy.

Exhibitioner (n.) One who has a pension or allowance granted for support.

Exhibitor (n.) One who exhibits.

Exhilarant (n.) That which exhilarates.

Exhilaration (n.) The act of enlivening the spirits; the act of making glad or cheerful; a gladdening.

Exhilaration (n.) The state of being enlivened or cheerful.

Exhort (n.) Exhortation.

Exhortation (n.) The act of practice of exhorting; the act of inciting to laudable deeds; incitement to that which is good or commendable.

Exhortation (n.) Language intended to incite and encourage; advice; counsel; admonition.

Exhorter (n.) One who exhorts or incites.

Exhumation (n.) The act of exhuming that which has been buried; as, the exhumation of a body.

Exiccation (n.) See Exsiccation.

Exigence (n.) Exigency.

Exigency (n.) The state of being exigent; urgent or exacting want; pressing necessity or distress; need; a case demanding immediate action, supply, or remedy; as, an unforeseen exigency.

Exigendary (n.) See Exigenter.

Exigent (n.) Exigency; pressing necessity; decisive moment.

Exigent (n.) The name of a writ in proceedings before outlawry.

Exigenter (n.) An officer in the Court of King's Bench and Common Pleas whose duty it was make out exigents. The office in now abolished.

Exiguity (n.) Scantiness; smallness; thinness.

Exile (n.) Forced separation from one's native country; expulsion from one's home by the civil authority; banishment; sometimes, voluntary separation from one's native country.

Exile (n.) The person expelled from his country by authority; also, one who separates himself from his home.

Exilement (n.) Banishment.

Exilition (n.) A sudden springing or leaping out.

Exinanition (n.) An emptying; an enfeebling; exhaustion; humiliation.

Existence (n.) The state of existing or being; actual possession of being; continuance in being; as, the existence of body and of soul in union; the separate existence of the soul; immortal existence.

Existence (n.) Continued or repeated manifestation; occurrence, as of events of any kind; as, the existence of a calamity or of a state of war.

Existence (n.) That which exists; a being; a creature; an entity; as, living existences.

Existency (n.) Existence.

Exister (n.) One who exists.

Existimation (n.) Esteem; opinion; reputation.

Exit (n.) The departure of a player from the stage, when he has performed his part.

Exit (n.) Any departure; the act of quitting the stage of action or of life; death; as, to make one's exit.

Exit (n.) A way of departure; passage out of a place; egress; way out.

Exocarp (n.) The outer portion of a fruit, as the flesh of a peach or the rind of an orange. See Illust. of Drupe.

Exoccipital (n.) The exoccipital bone, which often forms a part of the occipital in the adult, but is usually distinct in the young.

Exocetus (n.) Alt. of Exocoetus

Exocoetus (n.) A genus of fishes, including the common flying fishes. See Flying fish.

Exode (n.) Departure; exodus; esp., the exodus of the Israelites from Egypt.

Exode (n.) The final chorus; the catastrophe.

Exode (n.) An afterpiece of a comic description, either a farce or a travesty.

Exogium (n.) See Exode.

Exodus (n.) A going out; particularly (the Exodus), the going out or journey of the Israelites from Egypt under the conduct of Moses; and hence, any large migration from a place.

Exodus (n.) The second of the Old Testament, which contains the narrative of the departure of the Israelites from Egypt.

Exody (n.) Exodus; withdrawal.

Exogamy (n.) The custom, or tribal law, which prohibits marriage between members of the same tribe; marriage outside of the tribe; -- opposed to endogamy.

Exogen (n.) A plant belonging to one of the greater part of the vegetable kingdom, and which the plants are characterized by having c wood bark, and pith, the wood forming a layer between the other two, and increasing, if at all, by the animal addition of a new layer to the outside next to the bark. The leaves are commonly netted-veined, and the number of cotyledons is two, or, very rarely, several in a whorl. Cf. Endogen.

Exogyra (n.) A genus of Cretaceous fossil shells allied to oysters.

Exolution (n.) See Exsolution.

Exon (n.) A native or inhabitant of Exeter, in England.

Exon (n.) An officer of the Yeomen of the Guard; an Exempt.

Exoneration (n.) The act of disburdening, discharging, or freeing morally from a charge or imputation; also, the state of being disburdened or freed from a charge.

Exonerator (n.) One who exonerates or frees from obligation.

Exophthalmia (n.) The protrusion of the eyeball so that the eyelids will not cover it, in consequence of disease.

Exophthalmos (n.) Alt. of Exophthalmus

Exophthalmus (n.) Same as Exophthalmia.

Exophthalmy (n.) Exophthalmia.

Exoplasm (n.) See Ectosarc, and Ectoplasm.

Exopodite (n.) The external branch of the appendages of Crustacea.

Exoptile (n.) A name given by Lestiboudois to dicotyledons; -- so called because the plumule is naked.

Exoration (n.) Entreaty.

Exorbitance (n.) Alt. of Exorbitancy

Exorbitancy (n.) A going out of or beyond the usual or due limit; hence, enormity; extravagance; gross deviation from rule, right, or propriety; as, the exorbitances of the tongue or of deportment; exorbitance of demands.

Exorciser (n.) An exorcist.

Exorcism (n.) The act of exorcising; the driving out of evil spirits from persons or places by conjuration; also, the form of conjuration used.

Exorcism (n.) Conjuration for raising spirits.

Exorcist (n.) One who expels evil spirits by conjuration or exorcism.

Exorcist (n.) A conjurer who can raise spirits.

Exordium (n.) A beginning; an introduction; especially, the introductory part of a discourse or written composition, which prepares the audience for the main subject; the opening part of an oration.

Exorhiza (n.) A plant Whose radicle is not inclosed or sheathed by the cotyledons or plumule.

Exornation (n.) Ornament; decoration; embellishment.

Exoskeleton (n.) The hardened parts of the external integument of an animal, including hair, feathers, nails, horns, scales, etc.,as well as the armor of armadillos and many reptiles, and the shells or hardened integument of numerous invertebrates; external skeleton; dermoskeleton.

Exosmose (n.) The passage of gases, vapors, or liquids thought membranes or porous media from within outward, in the phenomena of osmose; -- opposed to endosmose. See Osmose.

Exosmosis (n.) See Exosmose.

Exospore (n.) The extreme outer wall of a spore; the epispore.

Exossation (n.) A depriving of bone or of fruit stones.

Exostome (n.) The small aperture or foremen in the outer coat of the ovule of a plant.

Exostosis (n.) Any protuberance of a bone which is not natural; an excrescence or morbid enlargement of a bone.

Exostosis (n.) A knot formed upon or in the wood of trees by disease.

Exotery (n.) That which is obvious, public, or common.

Exotheca (n.) The tissue which fills the interspaces between the costae of many madreporarian corals, usually consisting of small transverse or oblique septa.

Exothecium (n.) The outer coat of the anther.

Exotic (n.) Anything of foreign origin; something not of native growth, as a plant, a word, a custom.

Exoticism (n.) The state of being exotic; also, anything foreign, as a word or idiom; an exotic.

Expander (n.) Anything which causes expansion esp. (Mech.) a tool for stretching open or expanding a tube, etc.

Expanse (n.) That which is expanded or spread out; a wide extent of space or body; especially, the arch of the sky.

Expansibility (n.) The capacity of being expanded; as, the expansibility of air.

Expansion (n.) The act of expanding or spreading out; the condition of being expanded; dilation; enlargement.

Expansion (n.) That which is expanded; expanse; extend surface; as, the expansion of a sheet or of a lake; the expansion was formed of metal.

Expansion (n.) Space through which anything is expanded; also, pure space.

Expansion (n.) Enlargement or extension of business transactions; esp., increase of the circulation of bank notes.

Expansion (n.) The developed result of an indicated operation; as, the expansion of (a + b)2 is a2 + 2ab + b2.

Expansion (n.) The operation of steam in a cylinder after its communication with the boiler has been cut off, by which it continues to exert pressure upon the moving piston.

Expansion (n.) The enlargement of the ship mathematically from a model or drawing to the full or building size, in the process of construction.

Expansure (n.) Expanse.

Expatiation (n.) Act of expatiating.

Expatriation (n.) The act of banishing, or the state of banishment; especially, the forsaking of one's own country with a renunciation of allegiance.

Expect (n.) Expectation.

Expectance (n.) Alt. of Expectancy

Expectancy (n.) The act of expecting ; expectation.

Expectancy (n.) That which is expected, or looked or waited for with interest; the object of expectation or hope.

Expectant (n.) One who waits in expectation; one held in dependence by hope of receiving some good.

Expectation (n.) The act or state of expecting or looking forward to an event as about to happen.

Expectation (n.) That which is expected or looked for.

Expectation (n.) The prospect of the future; grounds upon which something excellent is expected to happen; prospect of anything good to come, esp. of property or rank.

Expectation (n.) The value of any chance (as the prospect of prize or property) which depends upon some contingent event. Expectations are computed for or against the occurrence of the event.

Expectation (n.) The leaving of the disease principally to the efforts of nature to effect a cure.

Expectative (n.) Something in expectation; esp., an expectative grace.

Expecter (n.) One who expects.

Expectorant (n.) An expectorant medicine.

Expectoration (n.) The act of ejecting phlegm or mucus from the throat or lungs, by coughing, hawking, and spitting.

Expectoration (n.) That which is expectorated, as phlegm or mucus.

Expedience (n.) Alt. of Expediency

Expediency (n.) The quality of being expedient or advantageous; fitness or suitableness to effect a purpose intended; adaptedness to self-interest; desirableness; advantage; advisability; -- sometimes contradistinguished from moral rectitude.

Expediency (n.) Expedition; haste; dispatch.

Expediency (n.) An expedition; enterprise; adventure.

Expedient (n.) That which serves to promote or advance; suitable means to accomplish an end.

Expedient (n.) Means devised in an exigency; shift.

Expediment (n.) An expedient.

Expediteness (n.) Quality of being expedite.

Expedition (n.) The quality of being expedite; efficient promptness; haste; dispatch; speed; quickness; as to carry the mail with expedition.

Expedition (n.) A sending forth or setting forth the execution of some object of consequence; progress.

Expedition (n.) An important enterprise, implying a change of place; especially, a warlike enterprise; a march or a voyage with martial intentions; an excursion by a body of persons for a valuable end; as, a military, naval, exploring, or scientific expedition; also, the body of persons making such excursion.

Expeditionist (n.) One who goes upon an expedition. [R].

Expeller (n.) One who, or that which, expels.

Expenitor (n.) A disburser; especially, one of the disbursers of taxes for the repair of sewers.

Expenditure (n.) The act of expending; a laying out, as of money; disbursement.

Expenditure (n.) That which is expended or paid out; expense.

Expense (n.) A spending or consuming; disbursement; expenditure.

Expense (n.) That which is expended, laid out, or consumed; cost; outlay; charge; -- sometimes with the notion of loss or damage to those on whom the expense falls; as, the expenses of war; an expense of time.

Expense (n.) Loss.

Experience (n.) Trial, as a test or experiment.

Experience (n.) The effect upon the judgment or feelings produced by any event, whether witnessed or participated in; personal and direct impressions as contrasted with description or fancies; personal acquaintance; actual enjoyment or suffering.

Experience (n.) An act of knowledge, one or more, by which single facts or general truths are ascertained; experimental or inductive knowledge; hence, implying skill, facility, or practical wisdom gained by personal knowledge, feeling or action; as, a king without experience of war.

Experiencer (n.) One who experiences.

Experiencer (n.) An experimenter.

Experientialism (n.) The doctrine that experience, either that ourselves or of others, is the test or criterion of general knowledge; -- opposed to intuitionists.

Experientiallist (n.) One who accepts the doctrine of experientialism. Also used adjectively.

Experiment (n.) Atrial or special observation, made to confirm or disprove something doubtful; esp., one under conditions determined by the experimenter; an act or operation undertaken in order to discover some unknown principle or effect, or to test, establish, or illustrate some suggest or known truth; practical test; poof.

Experiment (n.) Experience.

Experimetalist (n.) One who makes experiments; an experimenter.

Experimentarian (n.) One who relies on experiment or experience.

Experimentation (n.) The act of experimenting; practice by experiment.

Experimentator (n.) An experimenter.

Experimenter (n.) One who makes experiments; one skilled in experiments.

Experimentist (n.) An experimenter.

Experrection (n.) A waking up or arousing.

Expert (n.) An expert or experienced person; one instructed by experience; one who has skill, experience, or extensive knowledge in his calling or in any special branch of learning.

Expert (n.) A specialist in a particular profession or department of science requiring for its mastery peculiar culture and erudition.

Expert (n.) A sworn appraiser.

Expertness (n.) Skill derived from practice; readiness; as, expertness in seamanship, or in reasoning.

Expiation (n.) The act of making satisfaction or atonement for any crime or fault; the extinguishing of guilt by suffering or penalty.

Expiation (n.) The means by which reparation or atonement for crimes or sins is made; an expiatory sacrifice or offering; an atonement.

Expiation (n.) An act by which the treats of prodigies were averted among the ancient heathen.

Expiatist (n.) An expiator.

Expiator (n.) One who makes expiation or atonement.

Expilation (n.) The act of expilating or stripping off; plunder; pillage.

Expilator (n.) One who pillages; a plunderer; a pillager.

Expirant (n.) One who expires or is expiring.

Expiration (n.) The act of expiring

Expiration (n.) The act or process of breathing out, or forcing air from the lungs through the nose or mouth; as, respiration consists of inspiration and expiration; -- opposed to inspiration.

Expiration (n.) Emission of volatile matter; exhalation.

Expiration (n.) The last emission of breath; death.

Expiration (n.) A coming to a close; cessation; extinction; termination; end.

Expiration (n.) That which is expired; matter breathed forth; that which is produced by breathing out, as a sound.

Expiry (n.) Expiration.

Expiscation (n.) The act of expiscating; a fishing.

Explainer (n.) One who explains; an expounder or expositor; a commentator; an interpreter.

Explanation (n.) The act of explaining, expounding, or interpreting; the act of clearing from obscurity and making intelligible; as, the explanation of a passage in Scripture, or of a contract or treaty.

Explanation (n.) That which explains or makes clear; as, a satisfactory explanation.

Explanation (n.) The meaning attributed to anything by one who explains it; definition; interpretation; sense.

Explanation (n.) A mutual exposition of terms, meaning, or motives, with a view to adjust a misunderstanding, and reconcile differences; reconciliation; agreement; as, to come to an explanation.

Explanatoriness (n.) The quality of being explanatory.

Expletion (n.) Accomplishment; fulfillment.

Expletive (n.) A word, letter, or syllable not necessary to the sense, but inserted to fill a vacancy; an oath.

Explicableness (n.) Quality of being explicable.

Explication (n.) The act of opening, unfolding, or explaining; explanation; exposition; interpretation.

Explication (n.) The sense given by an expositor.

Explicator (n.) One who unfolds or explains; an expounder; an explainer.

Explicitness (n.) The quality of being explicit; clearness; directness.

Explodent (n.) An instrument or agent causing explosion; an exploder; also, an explosive.

Explodent (n.) See Explosive, n., 2.

Exploder (n.) One who or that which explodes.

Exploder (n.) One who rejects an opinion or scheme with open contempt.

Exploit (n.) A deed or act; especially, a heroic act; a deed of renown; an adventurous or noble achievement; as, the exploits of Alexander the Great.

Exploit (n.) Combat; war.

Exploit (n.) To utilize; to make available; to get the value or usefulness out of; as, to exploit a mine or agricultural lands; to exploit public opinion.

Exploit (n.) Hence: To draw an illegitimate profit from; to speculate on; to put upon.

Exploitation (n.) The act of exploiting or utilizing.

Exploiture (n.) The act of exploiting or accomplishing; achievement.

Exploiture (n.) Exploitation.

Exploration (n.) The act of exploring, penetrating, or ranging over for purposes of discovery, especially of geographical discovery; examination; as, the exploration of unknown countries

Exploration (n.) physical examination.

Explorator (n.) One who explores; one who examines closely; a searcher.

Explorement (n.) The act of exploring; exploration.

Explorer (n.) One who explores; also, an apparatus with which one explores, as a diving bell.

Explosion (n.) The act of exploding; detonation; a chemical action which causes the sudden formation of a great volume of expanded gas; as, the explosion of gunpowder, of fire damp,etc.

Explosion (n.) A bursting with violence and loud noise, because of internal pressure; as, the explosion of a gun, a bomb, a steam boiler, etc.

Explosion (n.) A violent outburst of feeling, manifested by excited language, action, etc.; as, an explosion of wrath.

Explosive (n.) An explosive agent; a compound or mixture susceptible of a rapid chemical reaction, as gunpowder, or nitro-glycerine.

Explosive (n.) A sound produced by an explosive impulse of the breath; (Phonetics) one of consonants p, b, t, d, k, g, which are sounded with a sort of explosive power of voice. [

Expoliation (n.) See Exspoliation.

Exponent (n.) A number, letter, or any quantity written on the right hand of and above another quantity, and denoting how many times the latter is repeated as a factor to produce the power indicated

Exponent (n.) One who, or that which, stands as an index or representative; as, the leader of a party is the exponent of its principles.

Export (n.) The act of exporting; exportation; as, to prohibit the export of wheat or tobacco.

Export (n.) That which is exported; a commodity conveyed from one country or State to another in the way of traffic; -- used chiefly in the plural, exports.

Exportability (n.) The quality or state of being suitable for exportation.

Exportation (n.) The act of exporting; the act of conveying or sending commodities abroad or to another country, in the course of commerce.

Exportation (n.) Commodity exported; an export.

Exportation (n.) The act of carrying out.

Exporter (n.) One who exports; the person who sends goods or commodities to a foreign country, in the way of commerce; -- opposed to importer.

Exposal (n.) Exposure.

Exposedness (n.) The state of being exposed, laid open, or unprotected; as, an exposedness to sin or temptation.

Exposer (n.) One who exposes or discloses.

Exposition (n.) The act of exposing or laying open; a setting out or displaying to public view.

Exposition (n.) The act of expounding or of laying open the sense or meaning of an author, or a passage; explanation; interpretation; the sense put upon a passage; a law, or the like, by an interpreter; hence, a work containing explanations or interpretations; a commentary.

Exposition (n.) Situation or position with reference to direction of view or accessibility to influence of sun, wind, etc.; exposure; as, an easterly exposition; an exposition to the sun.

Exposition (n.) A public exhibition or show, as of industrial and artistic productions; as, the Paris Exposition of 1878.

Expositor (n.) One who, or that which, expounds or explains; an expounder; a commentator.

Expostulation (n.) The act of expostulating or reasoning with a person in opposition to some impropriety of conduct; remonstrance; earnest and kindly protest; dissuasion.

Expostulator (n.) One who expostulates.

Exposture (n.) Exposure.

Exposure (n.) The act of exposing or laying open, setting forth, laying bare of protection, depriving of care or concealment, or setting out to reprobation or contempt.

Exposure (n.) The state of being exposed or laid open or bare; openness to danger; accessibility to anything that may affect, especially detrimentally; as, exposure to observation, to cold, to inconvenience.

Exposure (n.) Position as to points of compass, or to influences of climate, etc.

Exposure (n.) The exposing of a sensitized plate to the action of light.

Expounder (n.) One who expounds or explains; an interpreter.

Express (n.) A clear image or representation; an expression; a plain declaration.

Express (n.) A messenger sent on a special errand; a courier; hence, a regular and fast conveyance; commonly, a company or system for the prompt and safe transportation of merchandise or parcels; also, a railway train for transporting passengers or goods with speed and punctuality.

Express (n.) An express office.

Express (n.) That which is sent by an express messenger or message.

Expressage (n.) The charge for carrying a parcel by express.

Expression (n.) The act of expressing; the act of forcing out by pressure; as, the expression of juices or oils; also, of extorting or eliciting; as, a forcible expression of truth.

Expression (n.) The act of declaring or signifying; declaration; utterance; as, an expression of the public will.

Expression (n.) Lively or vivid representation of meaning, sentiment, or feeling, etc.; significant and impressive indication, whether by language, appearance, or gesture; that manner or style which gives life and suggestive force to ideas and sentiments; as, he reads with expression; her performance on the piano has expression.

Expression (n.) That which is expressed by a countenance, a posture, a work of art, etc.; look, as indicative of thought or feeling.

Expression (n.) A form of words in which an idea or sentiment is conveyed; a mode of speech; a phrase; as, a common expression; an odd expression.

Expression (n.) The representation of any quantity by its appropriate characters or signs.

Expressman (n.) A person employed in the express business; also, the driver of a job wagon.

Expressness (n.) The state or quality of being express; definiteness.

Expressure (n.) The act of expressing; expression; utterance; representation.

Exprobration (n.) Reproachful accusation; upbraiding.

Expropriation (n.) The act of expropriating; the surrender of a claim to exclusive property; the act of depriving of ownership or proprietary rights.

Expugnation (n.) The act of taking by assault; conquest.

Expugner (n.) One who expugns.

Expulser (n.) An expeller.

Expulsion (n.) The act of expelling; a driving or forcing out; summary removal from membership, association, etc.

Expulsion (n.) The state of being expelled or driven out.

Expunction (n.) The act of expunging or erasing; the condition of being expunged.

Expurgation (n.) The act of expurgating, purging, or cleansing; purification from anything noxious, offensive, sinful, or erroneous.

Expurgator (n.) One who expurgates or purifies.

Exquisite (n.) One who manifests an exquisite attention to external appearance; one who is overnice in dress or ornament; a fop; a dandy.

Exquisiteness (n.) Quality of being exquisite.

Exsanguinity (n.) Privation or destitution of blood; -- opposed to plethora.

Exscript (n.) A copy; a transcript.

Exsiccant (n.) An exsiccant medicine.

Exsiccation (n.) The act of operation of drying; evaporation or expulsion of moisture; state of being dried up; dryness.

Exsiccator (n.) An apparatus for drying substances or preserving them from moisture; a desiccator; also, less frequently, an agent employed to absorb moisture, as calcium chloride, or concentrated sulphuric acid.

Exsiliency (n.) A leaping out.

Exsolution (n.) Relaxation.

Exspoliation (n.) Spoliation.

Exspuition (n.) A discharge of saliva by spitting.

Exstrophy (n.) The eversion or turning out of any organ, or of its inner surface; as, exstrophy of the eyelid or of the bladder.

Exsuction (n.) The act of sucking out.

Exsudation (n.) Exudation.

Exsufflation (n.) A blast from beneath.

Exsufflation (n.) A kind of exorcism by blowing with the breath.

Exsufflation (n.) A strongly forced expiration of air from the lungs.

Exsuscitation (n.) A stirring up; a rousing.

Extacy (n.) See Ecstasy.

Extance (n.) Outward existence.

Extancy (n.) The state of rising above others; a projection.

Extempore (n.) Speaking or writing done extempore.

Extemporiness (n.) The quality of being done or devised extempore

Extemporization (n.) The act of extemporizing; the act of doing anything extempore.

Extemporizer (n.) One who extemporizes.

Extender (n.) One who, or that which, extends or stretches anything.

Extendlessness (n.) Unlimited extension.

Extensibility (n.) The quality of being extensible; the capacity of being extended; as, the extensibility of a fiber, or of a plate of metal.

Extensibleness (n.) Extensibility.

Extensionist (n.) One who favors or advocates extension.

Extensiveness (n.) The state of being extensive; wideness; largeness; extent; diffusiveness.

Extensometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the extension of a body, especially for measuring the elongation of bars of iron, steel, or other material, when subjected to a tensile force.

Extensor (n.) A muscle which serves to extend or straighten any part of the body, as an arm or a finger; -- opposed to flexor.

Extensure (n.) Extension.

Extent (n.) Space or degree to which a thing is extended; hence, superficies; compass; bulk; size; length; as, an extent of country or of

Extent (n.) Degree; measure; proportion.

Extent (n.) A peculiar species of execution upon debts due to the crown, under which the lands and goods of the debtor may be seized to secure payment.

Extent (n.) A process of execution by which the lands and goods of a debtor are valued and delivered to the creditor.

Extenuation (n.) The act of axtenuating or the state of being extenuated; the act of making thin, slender, or lean, or of palliating; diminishing, or lessening; palliation, as of a crime; mitigation, as of punishment.

Extenuator (n.) One who extenuates.

Exterior (n.) The outward surface or part of a thing; that which is external; outside.

Exterior (n.) Outward or external deportment, form, or ceremony; visible act; as, the exteriors of religion.

Exteriority (n.) Surface; superficies; externality.

Extermination (n.) The act of exterminating; total destruction; eradication; excision; as, the extermination of inhabitants or tribes, of error or vice, or of weeds from a field.

Extermination (n.) Elimination.

Exterminator (n.) One who, or that which, exterminates.

Extern (n.) A pupil in a seminary who lives without its walls; a day scholar.

Extern (n.) Outward form or part; exterior.

External (n.) Something external or without; outward part; that which makes a show, rather than that which is intrinsic; visible form; -- usually in the plural.

Externalism (n.) The quality of being manifest to the senses; external acts or appearances; regard for externals.

Externalism (n.) That philosophy or doctrine which recognizes or deals only with externals, or objects of sense perception; positivism; phenomenalism.

Externality (n.) State of being external; exteriority

Externality (n.) separation from the perceiving mind.

Externe (n.) An officer in attendance upon a hospital, but not residing in it; esp., one who cares for the out-patients.

Exterritoriality (n.) The state of being beyond the limits of a country.

Exterritoriality (n.) The state of being free from the jurisdiction of a country when within its territorial limits.

Extersion (n.) The act of wiping or rubbing out.

Extillation (n.) Distillation.

Extimulation (n.) Stimulation.

Extinction (n.) The act of extinguishing or making extinct; a putting an end to; the act of putting out or destroying light, fire, life, activity, influence, etc.

Extinction (n.) State of being extinguished or of ceasing to be; destruction; suppression; as, the extinction of life, of a family, of a quarrel, of claim.

Extine (n.) The outer membrane of the grains of pollen of flowering plants.

Extinguisher (n.) One who, or that which, extinguishes; esp., a hollow cone or other device for extinguishing a flame, as of a torch or candle.

Extinguishment (n.) The act of extinguishing, putting out, or quenching, or the state of being extinguished; extinction; suppression; destruction; nullification; as, the extinguishment of fire or flame, of discord, enmity, or jealousy, or of love or affection.

Extinguishment (n.) The annihilation or extinction of a right or obligation.

Extirpation (n.) The act of extirpating or rooting out, or the state of being extirpated; eradication; excision; total destruction; as, the extirpation of weeds from land, of evil from the heart, of a race of men, of heresy.

Extirpator (n.) One who extirpates or roots out; a destroyer.

Extirper (n.) Extirpator.

Extoller (n.) One who extols; one who praises.

Extolment (n.) Praise.

Extorter (n.) One who practices extortion.

Extortion (n.) The act of extorting; the act or practice of wresting anything from a person by force, by threats, or by any undue exercise of power; undue exaction; overcharge.

Extortion (n.) The offense committed by an officer who corruptly claims and takes, as his fee, money, or other thing of value, that is not due, or more than is due, or before it is due.

Extortion (n.) That which is extorted or exacted by force.

Extortioner (n.) One who practices extortion.

Extra (n.) Something in addition to what is due, expected, or customary; something in addition to the regular charge or compensation, or for which an additional charge is made; as, at European hotels lights are extras.

Extract (n.) That which is extracted or drawn out.

Extract (n.) A portion of a book or document, separately transcribed; a citation; a quotation.

Extract (n.) A decoction, solution, or infusion made by drawing out from any substance that which gives it its essential and characteristic virtue; essence; as, extract of beef; extract of dandelion; also, any substance so extracted, and characteristic of that from which it is obtained; as, quinine is the most important extract of Peruvian bark.

Extract (n.) A solid preparation obtained by evaporating a solution of a drug, etc., or the fresh juice of a plant; -- distinguished from an abstract. See Abstract, n., 4.

Extract (n.) A peculiar principle once erroneously supposed to form the basis of all vegetable extracts; -- called also the extractive principle.

Extract (n.) Extraction; descent.

Extract (n.) A draught or copy of writing; certified copy of the proceedings in an action and the judgement therein, with an order for execution.

Extraction (n.) The act of extracting, or drawing out; as, the extraction of a tooth, of a bone or an arrow from the body, of a stump from earth, of a passage from a book, of an essence or tincture.

Extraction (n.) Derivation from a stock or family;

Extraction (n.) That which is extracted; extract; essence.

Extractive (n.) Anything extracted; an extract.

Extractive (n.) A chemical principle once supposed to exist in all extracts.

Extractive (n.) Any one of a large class of substances obtained by extraction, and consisting largely of nitrogenous hydrocarbons, such as xanthin, hypoxanthin, and creatin extractives from muscle tissue.

Extractor (n.) One who, or that which, extracts

Extractor (n.) A forceps or instrument for extracting substances.

Extractor (n.) A device for withdrawing a cartridge or spent cartridge shell from the chamber of the barrel.

Extradition (n.) The surrender or delivery of an alleged criminal by one State or sovereignty to another having jurisdiction to try charge.

Extrados (n.) The exterior curve of an arch; esp., the upper curved face of the whole body of voussoirs. See Intrados.

Extramission (n.) A sending out; emission.

Extraneity (n.) State of being without or beyond a thing; foreignness.

Extraordinariness (n.) The quality of being extraordinary.

Extraordinary (n.) That which is extraordinary; -- used especially in the plural; as, extraordinaries excepted, there is nothing to prevent success.

Extrastapedial (n.) The extrastapedial part of columella.

Extraterritoriality (n.) The state of being beyond the limits of a particular territory

Extraterritoriality (n.) A fiction by which a public minister, though actually in a foreign country, is supposed still to remain within the territory of his own sovereign or nation.

Extravagance (n.) A wandering beyond proper limits; an excursion or sally from the usual way, course, or limit.

Extravagance (n.) The state of being extravagant, wild, or prodigal beyond bounds of propriety or duty; want of moderation; excess; especially, undue expenditure of money; vaid and superfluous expense; prodigality; as, extravagance of anger, love, expression, imagination, demands.

Extravagancy (n.) Extravagance.

Extravagant (n.) One who is confined to no general rule.

Extravagant (n.) Certain constitutions or decretal epistles, not at first included with others, but subsequently made a part of the canon law.

Extravagantness (n.) The state of being extravagant or in excess; excess; extravagance.

Extravaganza (n.) A composition, as in music, or in the drama, designed to produce effect by its wild irregularity; esp., a musical caricature.

Extravaganza (n.) An extravagant flight of sentiment or language.

Extravagation (n.) A wandering beyond limits; excess.

Extravasation (n.) The act of forcing or letting out of its proper vessels or ducts, as a fluid; effusion; as, an extravasation of blood after a rupture of the vessels.

Extraversion (n.) The act of throwing out; the state of being turned or thrown out.

Extreat (n.) Extraction.

Extreme (n.) The utmost point or verge; that part which terminates a body; extremity.

Extreme (n.) Utmost limit or degree that is supposable or tolerable; hence, furthest degree; any undue departure from the mean; -- often in the plural: things at an extreme distance from each other, the most widely different states, etc.; as, extremes of heat and cold, of virtue and vice; extremes meet.

Extreme (n.) An extreme state or condition; hence, calamity, danger, distress, etc.

Extreme (n.) Either of the extreme terms of a syllogism, the middle term being interposed between them.

Extreme (n.) The first or the last term of a proportion or series.

Extremist (n.) A supporter of extreme doctrines or practice; one who holds extreme opinions.

Extremity (n.) The extreme part; the utmost limit; the farthest or remotest point or part; as, the extremities of a country.

Extremity (n.) One of locomotive appendages of an animal; a limb; a leg or an arm of man.

Extremity (n.) The utmost point; highest degree; most aggravated or intense form.

Extremity (n.) The highest degree of inconvenience, pain, or suffering; greatest need or peril; extreme need; necessity.

Extrication (n.) The act or process of extricating or disentangling; a freeing from perplexities; disentanglement.

Extrication (n.) The act of sending out or evolving.

Extrinsicality (n.) Alt. of Extrinsicalness

Extrinsicalness (n.) The state or quality of being extrinsic.

Extroversion (n.) The condition of being turned wrong side out; as, extroversion of the bladder.

Extruction (n.) A building up; construction.

Extructor (n.) A builder.

Extrusion (n.) The act of thrusting or pushing out; a driving out; expulsion.

Extuberance (n.) A swelling or rising; protuberance.

Extuberancy (n.) Extuberance.

Extuberation (n.) Protuberance.

Extumescence (n.) A swelling or rising.

Exuberance (n.) The state of being exuberant; an overflowing quantity; a copious or excessive production or supply; superabundance; richness; as, an exuberance of joy, of fancy, or of foliage.

Exuberancy (n.) Exuberance.

Exuberate (n.) To abound; to be in great abundance.

Exudation (n.) The act of exuding; sweating; a discharge of humors, moisture, juice, or gum, as through pores or incisions; also, the substance exuded.

Exulceration (n.) Ulceration.

Exulceration (n.) A fretting; a festering; soreness.

Exultance (n.) Alt. of Exultancy

Exultancy (n.) Exultation.

Exultation (n.) The act of exulting; lively joy at success or victory, or at any advantage gained; rapturous delight; triumph.

Exundation (n.) An overflow, or overflowing abundance.

Exuperance (n.) Superiority; superfluity.

Exuperation (n.) The act of rising or coming into view.

Exustion (n.) The act or operation of burning up.

Exutory (n.) An issue.

Exuviability (n.) Capability of shedding the skin periodically.

Exuviation (n.) The rejecting or casting off of some part, more particularly, the outer cuticular layer, as the shells of crustaceans, skins of snakes, etc.; molting; ecdysis.

Ex-voto (n.) An offering to a church in fulfillment of a vow.

Ey (n.) An island.

Ey (n.) See Egg.

Eyalet (n.) Formerly, one of the administrative divisions or provinces of the Ottoman Empire; -- now called a vilayet.

Eyas (n.) A nesting or unfledged bird; in falconry, a young hawk from the nest, not able to prey for itself.

Eyasmusket (n.) An unfledged or young male sparrow hawk.

Eye (n.) A brood; as, an eye of pheasants.

Eye (n.) The organ of sight or vision. In man, and the vertebrates generally, it is properly the movable ball or globe in the orbit, but the term often includes the adjacent parts. In most invertebrates the years are immovable ocelli, or compound eyes made up of numerous ocelli. See Ocellus.

Eye (n.) The faculty of seeing; power or range of vision; hence, judgment or taste in the use of the eye, and in judging of objects; as, to have the eye of sailor; an eye for the beautiful or picturesque.

Eye (n.) The action of the organ of sight; sight, look; view; ocular knowledge; judgment; opinion.

Eye (n.) The space commanded by the organ of sight; scope of vision; hence, face; front; the presence of an object which is directly opposed or confronted; immediate presence.

Eye (n.) Observation; oversight; watch; inspection; notice; attention; regard.

Eye (n.) That which resembles the organ of sight, in form, position, or appearance

Eye (n.) The spots on a feather, as of peacock.

Eye (n.) The scar to which the adductor muscle is attached in oysters and other bivalve shells; also, the adductor muscle itself, esp. when used as food, as in the scallop.

Eye (n.) The bud or sprout of a plant or tuber; as the eye of a potato.

Eye (n.) The center of a target; the bull's-eye.

Eye (n.) A small loop to receive a hook; as hooks and eyes on a dress.

Eye (n.) The hole through the head of a needle.

Eye (n.) A loop forming part of anything, or a hole through anything, to receive a rope, hook, pin, shaft, etc.; as an eye at the end of a tie bar in a bridge truss; as an eye through a crank; an eye at the end of rope.

Eye (n.) The hole through the upper millstone.

Eye (n.) That which resembles the eye in relative importance or beauty.

Eye (n.) Tinge; shade of color.

Eyeball (n.) The ball or globe of the eye.

Eyebar (n.) A bar with an eye at one or both ends.

Eyebeam (n.) A glance of the eye.

Eyebolt (n.) A bolt which a looped head, or an opening in the head.

Eyebright (n.) A small annual plant (Euphrasia officinalis), formerly much used as a remedy for diseases of the eye.

Eyebrow (n.) The brow or hairy arch above the eye.

Eyecup (n.) A small oval porcelain or glass cup, having a rim curved to fit the orbit of the eye. it is used in the application of liquid remedies to eyes; -- called also eyeglass.

Eyedrop (n.) A tear.

Eyeflap (n.) A blinder on a horse's bridle.

Eyeglance (n.) A glance of eye.

Eyeglass (n.) A lens of glass to assist the sight. Eyeglasses are used singly or in pairs.

Eyeglass (n.) Eyepiece of a telescope, microscope, etc.

Eyeglass (n.) The retina.

Eyeglass (n.) A glass eyecup. See Eyecup.

Eyehole (n.) A circular opening to recive a hook, cord, ring, or rope; an eyelet.

Eyelash (n.) The fringe of hair that edges the eyelid; -- usually in the pl.

Eyelash (n.) A hair of the fringe on the edge of the eyelid.

Eyelet (n.) A small hole or perforation to receive a cord or fastener, as in garments, sails, etc.

Eyelet (n.) A metal ring or grommet, or short metallic tube, the ends of which can be bent outward and over to fasten it in place; -- used to

Eyeleteer (n.) A small, sharp-pointed instrument used in piercing eyelet holes; a stiletto.

Eyelid (n.) The cover of the eye; that portion of movable skin with which an animal covers or uncovers the eyeball at pleasure.

Eyepiece (n.) The lens, or combination of lenses, at the eye end of a telescope or other optical instrument, through which the image formed by the mirror or object glass is viewed.

Eyer (n.) One who eyes another.

Eyereach (n.) The range or reach of the eye; eyeshot.

Eye-saint (n.) An object of interest to the eye; one worshiped with the eyes.

Eyesalve (n.) Ointment for the eye.

Eyeservant (n.) A servant who attends faithfully to his duty only when watched.

Eyeservice (n.) Service performed only under inspection, or the eye of an employer.

Eyeshot (n.) Range, reach, or glance of the eye; view; sight; as, to be out of eyeshot.

Eyesight (n.) Sight of the eye; the sense of seeing; view; observation.

Eyesore (n.) Something offensive to the eye or sight; a blemish.

Eye-splice (n.) A splice formed by bending a rope's end back, and fastening it into the rope, forming a loop or eye. See Illust. under Splice.

Eye-spot (n.) A simple visual organ found in many invertebrates, consisting of pigment cells covering a sensory nerve termination.

Eye-spot (n.) An eyelike spot of color.

Eyestalk (n.) One of the movable peduncles which, in the decapod Crustacea, bear the eyes at the tip.

Eyestone (n.) A small, lenticular, calcareous body, esp. an operculum of a small marine shell of the family Turbinidae, used to remove a foreign substance from the eye. It is put into the inner corner of the eye under the lid, and allowed to work its way out at the outer corner, bringing with it the substance.

Eyestone (n.) Eye agate. See under Eye.

Eyestring (n.) The tendon by which the eye is moved.

Eyet (n.) An island. See Eyot.

Eyetooth (n.) A canine tooth of the upper jaw.

Eyewash (n.) See Eyewater.

Eyewater (n.) A wash or lotion for application to the eyes.

Eyewink (n.) A wink; a token.

Eyewinker (n.) An eyelash.

Eyewitness (n.) One who sees a thing done; one who has ocular view of anything.

Eyght (n.) An island. See Eyot.

Eyliad (n.) See /iliad.

Eyne (n.) Alt. of Eyen

Eyen (n.) Plural of eye; -- now obsolete, or used only in poetry.

Eyot (n.) A little island in a river or lake. See Ait.

Eyr (n.) Air.

Eyra (n.) A wild cat (Felis eyra) ranging from southern Brazil to Texas. It is reddish yellow and about the size of the domestic cat, but with a more slender body and shorter legs.

Eyre (n.) A journey in circuit of certain judges called justices in eyre (or in itinere).

Eyrie (n.) Alt. of Eyry

Eyry (n.) The nest of a bird of prey or other large bird that builds in a lofty place; aerie.

Eysell (n.) Same as Eisel.

About the author

Mark McCracken

Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".

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