Singular Nouns Starting with G

Gab (n.) The hook on the end of an eccentric rod opposite the strap. See. Illust. of Eccentric.

Gabarage (n.) A kind of coarse cloth for packing goods.

Gabardine (n.) Alt. of Gaberdine

Gaberdine (n.) A coarse frock or loose upper garment formerly worn by Jews; a mean dress.

Gabber (n.) A liar; a deceiver.

Gabber (n.) One addicted to idle talk.

Gabble (n.) Loud or rapid talk without meaning.

Gabble (n.) Inarticulate sounds rapidly uttered; as of fowls.

Gabbier (n.) One who gabbles; a prater.

Gabbro (n.) A name originally given by the Italians to a kind of serpentine, later to the rock called euphotide, and now generally used for a coarsely crystal

Gabel (n.) A rent, service, tribute, custom, tax, impost, or duty; an excise.

Gabeler (n.) A collector of gabels or taxes.

Gabelle (n.) A tax, especially on salt.

Gabelleman (n.) A gabeler.

Gaberdine (n.) See Gabardine.

Gaber-lunzie (n.) A beggar with a wallet; a licensed beggar.

Gabert (n.) A lighter, or vessel for inland navigation.

Gabion (n.) A hollow cylinder of wickerwork, like a basket without a bottom. Gabions are made of various sizes, and filled with earth in building fieldworks to shelter men from an enemy's fire.

Gabion (n.) An openwork frame, as of poles, filled with stones and sunk, to assist in forming a bar dyke, etc., as in harbor improvement.

Gabionade (n.) A traverse made with gabions between guns or on their flanks, protecting them from enfilading fire.

Gabionade (n.) A structure of gabions sunk in

Gabionage (n.) The part of a fortification built of gabions.

Gabionnade (n.) See Gabionade.

Gable (n.) A cable.

Gable (n.) The vertical triangular portion of the end of a building, from the level of the cornice or eaves to the ridge of the roof. Also, a similar end when not triangular in shape, as of a gambrel roof and the like.

Gable (n.) The end wall of a building, as distinguished from the front or rear side.

Gable (n.) A decorative member having the shape of a triangular gable, such as that above a Gothic arch in a doorway.

Gablet (n.) A small gable, or gable-shaped canopy, formed over a tabernacle, niche, etc.

Gablock (n.) A false spur or gaff, fitted on the heel of a gamecock.

Gaby (n.) A simpleton; a dunce; a lout.

Gad (n.) The point of a spear, or an arrowhead.

Gad (n.) A pointed or wedge-shaped instrument of metal, as a steel wedge used in mining, etc.

Gad (n.) A sharp-pointed rod; a goad.

Gad (n.) A spike on a gauntlet; a gadling.

Gad (n.) A wedge-shaped billet of iron or steel.

Gad (n.) A rod or stick, as a fishing rod, a measuring rod, or a rod used to drive cattle with.

Gad (n.) To walk about; to rove or go about, without purpose; hence, to run wild; to be uncontrolled.

Gadabout (n.) A gadder

Gadbee (n.) The gadfly.

Gadder (n.) One who roves about idly, a rambling gossip.

Gade (n.) A small British fish (Motella argenteola) of the Cod family.

Gade (n.) A pike, so called at Moray Firth; -- called also gead.

Gadfly (n.) Any dipterous insect of the genus Oestrus, and allied genera of botflies.

Gaditanian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Cadiz.

Gadling (n.) See Gad, n., 4.

Gadling (n.) A roving vagabond.

Gadman (n.) A gadsman.

Gadoid (n.) One of the Gadidae.

Gadolinia (n.) A rare earth, regarded by some as an oxide of the supposed element gadolinium, by others as only a mixture of the oxides of yttrium, erbium, ytterbium, etc.

Gadolinite (n.) A mineral of a nearly black color and vitreous luster, and consisting principally of the silicates of yttrium, cerium, and iron.

Gadolinium (n.) A supposed rare metallic element, with a characteristic spectrum, found associated with yttrium and other rare metals. Its individuality and properties have not yet been determined.

Gadsman (n.) One who uses a gad or goad in driving.

Gaduin (n.) A yellow or brown amorphous substance, of indifferent nature, found in cod-liver oil.

Gadwall (n.) A large duck (Anas strepera), valued as a game bird, found in the northern parts of Europe and America; -- called also gray duck.

Gaelic (n.) The language of the Gaels, esp. of the Highlanders of Scotland. It is a branch of the Celtic.

Gaff (n.) A barbed spear or a hook with a handle, used by fishermen in securing heavy fish.

Gaff (n.) The spar upon which the upper edge of a fore-and-aft sail is extended.

Gaff (n.) Same as Gaffle, 1.

Gaffer (n.) An old fellow; an aged rustic.

Gaffer (n.) A foreman or overseer of a gang of laborers.

Gaffle (n.) An artificial spur or gaff for gamecocks.

Gaffle (n.) A lever to bend crossbows.

Gaff-topsail (n.) A small triangular sail having its foot extended upon the gaff and its luff upon the topmast.

Gag (n.) Something thrust into the mouth or throat to hinder speaking.

Gag (n.) A mouthful that makes one retch; a choking bit; as, a gag of mutton fat.

Gag (n.) A speech or phrase interpolated offhand by an actor on the stage in his part as written, usually consisting of some seasonable or local allusion.

Gagate (n.) Agate.

Gage (n.) A pledge or pawn; something laid down or given as a security for the performance of some act by the person depositing it, and forfeited by nonperformance; security.

Gage (n.) A glove, cap, or the like, cast on the ground as a challenge to combat, and to be taken up by the accepter of the challenge; a challenge; a defiance.

Gage (n.) A variety of plum; as, the greengage; also, the blue gage, frost gage, golden gage, etc., having more or less likeness to the greengage. See Greengage.

Gage (n.) To give or deposit as a pledge or security for some act; to wage or wager; to pawn or pledge.

Gage (n.) To bind by pledge, or security; to engage.

Gage (n.) A measure or standard. See Gauge, n.

Gager (n.) A measurer. See Gauger.

Gagger (n.) One who gags.

Gagger (n.) A piece of iron imbedded in the sand of a mold to keep the sand in place.

Gagtooth (n.) A projecting tooth.

Gahnite (n.) Zinc spinel; automolite.

Gaiety (n.) Same as Gayety.

Gailer (n.) A jailer.

Gailliarde (n.) A lively French and Italian dance.

Gain (n.) A square or beveled notch cut out of a girder, binding joist, or other timber which supports a floor beam, so as to receive the end of the floor beam.

Gain (n.) To get, as profit or advantage; to obtain or acquire by effort or labor; as, to gain a good living.

Gain (n.) To come off winner or victor in; to be successful in; to obtain by competition; as, to gain a battle; to gain a case at law; to gain a prize.

Gain (n.) To draw into any interest or party; to win to one's side; to conciliate.

Gain (n.) To reach; to attain to; to arrive at; as, to gain the top of a mountain; to gain a good harbor.

Gain (n.) To get, incur, or receive, as loss, harm, or damage.

Gainer (n.) One who gains.

Gaingiving (n.) A misgiving.

Gainpain (n.) Bread-gainer; -- a term applied in the Middle Ages to the sword of a hired soldier.

Gainsayer (n.) One who gainsays, contradicts, or denies.

Gairfowl (n.) See Garefowl.

Gairish (n.) Alt. of Gairish/ness

Gairishly (n.) Alt. of Gairish/ness

Gairish/ness (n.) Same as Garish, Garishly, Garishness.

Gait (n.) A going; a walk; a march; a way.

Gait (n.) Manner of walking or stepping; bearing or carriage while moving.

Gaiter (n.) A covering of cloth or leather for the ankle and instep, or for the whole leg from the knee to the instep, fitting down upon the shoe.

Gaiter (n.) A kind of shoe, consisting of cloth, and covering the ankle.

Gaitre (n.) Alt. of Gaytre

Gaytre (n.) The dogwood tree.

Gala (n.) Pomp, show, or festivity.

Galacta-gogue (n.) An agent exciting secretion of milk.

Galactin (n.) An amorphous, gelatinous substance containing nitrogen, found in milk and other animal fluids. It resembles peptone, and is variously regarded as a coagulating or emulsifying agent.

Galactin (n.) A white waxy substance found in the sap of the South American cow tree (Galactodendron).

Galactin (n.) An amorphous, gummy carbohydrate resembling gelose, found in the seeds of leguminous plants, and yielding on decomposition several sugars, including galactose.

Galactodensimeter (n.) Same as Galactometer.

Galactometer (n.) An instrument for ascertaining the quality of milk (i.e., its richness in cream) by determining its specific gravity; a lactometer.

Galactophagist (n.) One who eats, or subsists on, milk.

Galactose (n.) A white, crystal

Galage (n.) See Galoche.

Galago (n.) A genus of African lemurs, including numerous species.

Galanga (n.) Alt. of Galangal

Galangal (n.) The pungent aromatic rhizome or tuber of certain East Indian or Chinese species of Alpinia (A. Galanga and A. officinarum) and of the Kaempferia Galanga), -- all of the Ginger family.

Galantine (n.) A dish of veal, chickens, or other white meat, freed from bones, tied up, boiled, and served cold.

Galaxy (n.) The Milky Way; that luminous tract, or belt, which is seen at night stretching across the heavens, and which is composed of innumerable stars, so distant and blended as to be distinguishable only with the telescope. The term has recently been used for remote clusters of stars.

Galaxy (n.) A splendid assemblage of persons or things.

Galban (n.) Alt. of Galbanum

Galbanum (n.) A gum resin exuding from the stems of certain Asiatic umbelliferous plants, mostly species of Ferula. The Bubon Galbanum of South Africa furnishes an inferior kind of galbanum. It has an acrid, bitter taste, a strong, unpleasant smell, and is used for medical purposes, also in the arts, as in the manufacture of varnish.

Gale (n.) A strong current of air; a wind between a stiff breeze and a hurricane. The most violent gales are called tempests.

Gale (n.) A moderate current of air; a breeze.

Gale (n.) A state of excitement, passion, or hilarity.

Gale (n.) A song or story.

Gale (n.) A plant of the genus Myrica, growing in wet places, and strongly resembling the bayberry. The sweet gale (Myrica Gale) is found both in Europe and in America.

Gale (n.) The payment of a rent or annuity.

Galea (n.) The upper lip or helmet-shaped part of a labiate flower.

Galea (n.) A kind of bandage for the head.

Galea (n.) Headache extending all over the head.

Galea (n.) A genus of fossil echini, having a vaulted, helmet-shaped shell.

Galea (n.) The anterior, outer process of the second joint of the maxillae in certain insects.

Galeas (n.) See Galleass.

Galena (n.) A remedy or antidose for poison; theriaca.

Galena (n.) Lead sulphide; the principal ore of lead. It is of a bluish gray color and metallic luster, and is cubic in crystallization and cleavage.

Galenism (n.) The doctrines of Galen.

Galenist (n.) A follower of Galen.

Galenite (n.) Galena; lead ore.

Gale-opithecus (n.) A genus of flying Insectivora, formerly called flying lemurs. See Colugo.

Galerite (n.) A cretaceous fossil sea urchin of the genus Galerites.

Galician (n.) A native of Galicia in Spain; -- called also Gallegan.

Galilean (n.) A native or inhabitant of Galilee, the northern province of Palestine under the Romans.

Galilean (n.) One of the party among the Jews, who opposed the payment of tribute to the Romans; -- called also Gaulonite.

Galilean (n.) A Christian in general; -- used as a term of reproach by Mohammedans and Pagans.

Galilee (n.) A porch or waiting room, usually at the west end of an abbey church, where the monks collected on returning from processions, where bodies were laid previous to interment, and where women were allowed to see the monks to whom they were related, or to hear divine service. Also, frequently applied to the porch of a church, as at Ely and Durham cathedrals.

Galimatias (n.) Nonsense; gibberish; confused and unmeaning talk; confused mixture.

Galingale (n.) A plant of the Sedge family (Cyperus longus) having aromatic roots; also, any plant of the same genus.

Galiot (n.) A small galley, formerly used in the Mediterranean, built mainly for speed. It was moved both by sails and oars, having one mast, and sixteen or twenty seats for rowers.

Galiot (n.) A strong, light-draft, Dutch merchant vessel, carrying a mainmast and a mizzenmast, and a large gaff mainsail.

Galipot (n.) An impure resin of turpentine, hardened on the outside of pine trees by the spontaneous evaporation of its essential oil. When purified, it is called yellow pitch, white pitch, or Burgundy pitch.

Gall (n.) The bitter, alka

Gall (n.) The gall bladder.

Gall (n.) Anything extremely bitter; bitterness; rancor.

Gall (n.) Impudence; brazen assurance.

Gall (n.) An excrescence of any form produced on any part of a plant by insects or their larvae. They are most commonly caused by small Hymenoptera and Diptera which puncture the bark and lay their eggs in the wounds. The larvae live within the galls. Some galls are due to aphids, mites, etc. See Gallnut.

Gall (n.) A wound in the skin made by rubbing.

Gallant (n.) A man of mettle or spirit; a gay; fashionable man; a young blood.

Gallant (n.) One fond of paying attention to ladies.

Gallant (n.) One who wooes; a lover; a suitor; in a bad sense, a seducer.

Gallantness (n.) The quality of being gallant.

Gallantry (n.) Splendor of appearance; ostentatious finery.

Gallantry (n.) Bravery; intrepidity; as, the troops behaved with great gallantry.

Gallantry (n.) Civility or polite attention to ladies; in a bad sense, attention or courtesy designed to win criminal favors from a female; freedom of principle or practice with respect to female virtue; intrigue.

Gallantry (n.) Gallant persons, collectively.

Gallate (n.) A salt of gallic acid.

Gallature (n.) The tread, treadle, or chalasa of an egg.

Galleass (n.) A large galley, having some features of the galleon, as broadside guns; esp., such a vessel used by the southern nations of Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries. See Galleon, and Galley.

Gallegan (n.) Alt. of Gallego

Gallego (n.) A native or inhabitant of Galicia, in Spain; a Galician.

Gallein (n.) A red crystal

Galleon (n.) A sailing vessel of the 15th and following centuries, often having three or four decks, and used for war or commerce. The term is often rather indiscriminately applied to any large sailing vessel.

Galleot (n.) See Galiot.

Galletyle (n.) A little tile of glazed earthenware.

Galley (n.) A vessel propelled by oars, whether having masts and sails or not

Galley (n.) A large vessel for war and national purposes; -- common in the Middle Ages, and down to the 17th century.

Galley (n.) A name given by analogy to the Greek, Roman, and other ancient vessels propelled by oars.

Galley (n.) A light, open boat used on the Thames by customhouse officers, press gangs, and also for pleasure.

Galley (n.) One of the small boats carried by a man-of-war.

Galley (n.) The cookroom or kitchen and cooking apparatus of a vessel; -- sometimes on merchant vessels called the caboose.

Galley (n.) An oblong oven or muffle with a battery of retorts; a gallery furnace.

Galley (n.) An oblong tray of wood or brass, with upright sides, for holding type which has been set, or is to be made up, etc.

Galley (n.) A proof sheet taken from type while on a galley; a galley proof.

Galley-bird (n.) The European green woodpecker; also, the spotted woodpecker.

Galley-worm (n.) A chilognath myriapod of the genus Iulus, and allied genera, having numerous short legs along the sides; a milliped or "thousand legs." See Chilognatha.

Gallfly (n.) An insect that deposits its eggs in plants, and occasions galls, esp. any small hymenopteran of the genus Cynips and allied genera. See Illust. of Gall.

Galliard (n.) A brisk, gay man.

Galliardness (n.) Gayety.

Galliass (n.) Same as Galleass.

Gallican (n.) An adherent to, and supporter of, Gallicanism.

Gallicanism (n.) The principles, tendencies, or action of those, within the Roman Catholic Church in France, who (esp. in 1682) sought to restrict the papal authority in that country and increase the power of the national church.

Gallicism (n.) A mode of speech peculiar to the French; a French idiom; also, in general, a French mode or custom.

Gallimatia (n.) Senseless talk. [Obs. or R.] See Galimatias.

Gallimaufry (n.) A hash of various kinds of meats, a ragout.

Gallimaufry (n.) Any absurd medley; a hotchpotch.

Gallin (n.) A substance obtained by the reduction of gallein.

Gallinacean (n.) One of the Gallinae or gallinaceous birds.

Gallinae (n.) An order of birds, including the common domestic fowls, pheasants, grouse, quails, and allied forms; -- sometimes called Rasores.

Gallinipper (n.) A large mosquito.

Gallinule (n.) One of several wading birds, having long, webless toes, and a frontal shield, belonging to the family Rallidae. They are remarkable for running rapidly over marshes and on floating plants. The purple gallinule of America is Ionornis Martinica, that of the Old World is Porphyrio porphyrio. The common European gallinule (Gallinula chloropus) is also called moor hen, water hen, water rail, moor coot, night bird, and erroneously dabchick. Closely related to it is the Florida gall>

Galliot (n.) See Galiot.

Gallipot (n.) A glazed earthen pot or vessel, used by druggists and apothecaries for containing medicines, etc.

Gallium (n.) A rare metallic element, found in certain zinc ores. It is white, hard, and malleable, resembling aluminium, and remarcable for its low melting point (86/ F., 30/C). Symbol Ga. Atomic weight 69.9.

Gallivat (n.) A small armed vessel, with sails and oars, -- used on the Malabar coast.

Galliwasp (n.) A West Indian lizard (Celestus occiduus), about a foot long, imagined by the natives to be venomous.

Gallnut (n.) A round gall produced on the leaves and shoots of various species of the oak tree. See Gall, and Nutgall.

Gallomania (n.) An excessive admiration of what is French.

Gallon (n.) A measure of capacity, containing four quarts; -- used, for the most part, in liquid measure, but sometimes in dry measure.

Galloon (n.) A narrow tapelike fabric used for binding hats, shoes, etc., -- sometimes made ornamental.

Galloon (n.) A similar bordering or binding of rich material, such as gold lace.

Gallopade (n.) I horsemanship, a sidelong or curveting kind of gallop.

Gallopade (n.) A kind of dance; also, music to the dance; a galop.

Galloper (n.) One who, or that which, gallops.

Galloper (n.) A carriage on which very small guns were formerly mounted, the gun resting on the shafts, without a limber.

Galloway (n.) A small horse of a breed raised at Galloway, Scotland; -- called also garran, and garron.

Gallowglass (n.) A heavy-armed foot soldier from Ireland and the Western Isles in the time of Edward /

Gallstone (n.) A concretion, or calculus, formed in the gall bladder or biliary passages. See Calculus, n., 1.

Gally (n.) See Galley, n., 4.

Galoot (n.) A noisy, swaggering, or worthless fellow; a rowdy.

Galop (n.) A kind of lively dance, in 2-4 time; also, the music to the dance.

Galoshe (n.) Same as Galoche.

Galt (n.) Same as Gault.

Galvanism (n.) Electricity excited by the mutual action of certain liquids and metals; dynamical electricity.

Galvanism (n.) The branch of physical science which treats of dynamical elecricity, or the properties and effects of electrical currents.

Galvanist (n.) One versed in galvanism.

Galvanization (n.) The act of process of galvanizing.

Galvanizer (n.) One who, or that which, galvanize.

Galvanocautery (n.) Cautery effected by a knife or needle heated by the passage of a galvanic current.

Galvanoglyphy (n.) Same as Glyphography.

Galvanograph (n.) A copperplate produced by the method of galvanography; also, a picture printed from such a plate.

Galvanography (n.) The art or process of depositing metals by electricity; electrotypy.

Galvanography (n.) A method of producing by means of electrotyping process (without etching) copperplates which can be printed from in the same manner as engraved plates.

Galvanologist (n.) One who describes the phenomena of galvanism; a writer on galvanism.

Galvanology (n.) A treatise on galvanism, or a description of its phenomena.

Galvanometer (n.) An instrument or apparatus for measuring the intensity of an electric current, usually by the deflection of a magnetic needle.

Galvanometry (n.) The art or process of measuring the force of electric currents.

Galvanoplasty (n.) The art or process of electrotypy.

Galvanopuncture (n.) Same as Electro-puncture.

Galvanoscope (n.) An instrument or apparatus for detecting the presence of electrical currents, especially such as are of feeble intensity.

Galvanoscopy (n.) The use of galvanism in physiological experiments.

Galvanotonus (n.) Same as Electrotonus.

Galvanotropism (n.) The tendency of a root to place its axis in the

Galwes (n.) Gallows.

Gamba (n.) A viola da gamba.

Gambadoes (n.) Same as Gamashes.

Gambeson (n.) Same as Gambison.

Gambet (n.) Any bird of the genuis Totanus. See Tattler.

Gambier (n.) The inspissated juice of a plant (Uncaria Gambir) growing in Malacca. It is a powerful astringent, and, under the name of Terra Japonica, is used for chewing with the Areca nut, and is exported for tanning and dyeing.

Gambier (n.) Catechu.

Gambison (n.) A defensive garment formerly in use for the body, made of cloth stuffed and quilted.

Gambist (n.) A performer upon the viola di gamba. See under Viola.

Gambit (n.) A mode of opening the game, in which a pawn is sacrificed to gain an attacking position.

Gambler (n.) One who gambles.

Gamboge (n.) A concrete juice, or gum resin, produced by several species of trees in Siam, Ceylon, and Malabar. It is brought in masses, or cylindrical rolls, from Cambodia, or Cambogia, -- whence its name. The best kind is of a dense, compact texture, and of a beatiful reddish yellow. Taking internally, it is a strong and harsh cathartic and emetic.

Gambol (n.) A skipping or leaping about in frolic; a hop; a sportive prank.

Gambrel (n.) The hind leg of a horse.

Gambrel (n.) A stick crooked like a horse's hind leg; -- used by butchers in suspending slaughtered animals.

Gambroon (n.) A kind of twilled

Game (n.) Crooked; lame; as, a game leg.

Game (n.) To rejoice; to be pleased; -- often used, in Old English, impersonally with dative.

Game (n.) To play at any sport or diversion.

Game (n.) To play for a stake or prize; to use cards, dice, billiards, or other instruments, according to certain rules, with a view to win money or other thing waged upon the issue of the contest; to gamble.

Gamecock (n.) The male game fowl.

Gamekeeper (n.) One who has the care of game, especially in a park or preserve.

Gameness (n.) Endurance; pluck.

Gamester (n.) A merry, frolicsome person.

Gamester (n.) A person who plays at games; esp., one accustomed to play for a stake; a gambler; one skilled in games.

Gamester (n.) A prostitute; a strumpet.

Gamin (n.) A neglected and untrained city boy; a young street Arab.

Gaming (n.) The act or practice of playing games for stakes or wagers; gambling.

Gamma (n.) The third letter (/, / = Eng. G) of the Greek alphabet.

Gammadion (n.) A cross formed of four capital gammas, formerly used as a mysterious ornament on ecclesiastical vestments, etc. See Fylfot.

Gammer (n.) An old wife; an old woman; -- correlative of gaffer, an old man.

Gammon (n.) The buttock or thigh of a hog, salted and smoked or dried; the lower end of a flitch.

Gammon (n.) Backgammon.

Gammon (n.) An imposition or hoax; humbug.

Gammoning (n.) The lashing or iron band by which the bowsprit of a vessel is secured to the stem to opposite the lifting action of the forestays.

Gammoning (n.) The act of imposing upon or hoaxing a person.

Gamogenesis (n.) The production of offspring by the union of parents of different sexes; sexual reproduction; -- the opposite of agamogenesis.

Gamomorphism (n.) That stage of growth or development in an organism, in which the reproductive elements are generated and matured in preparation for propagating the species.

Gamut (n.) The scale.

Ganch (n.) To drop from a high place upon sharp stakes or hooks, as the Turks dropped malefactors, by way of punishment.

Gander (n.) The male of any species of goose.

Ganesa (n.) The Hindoo god of wisdom or prudence.

Ganger (n.) One who oversees a gang of workmen.

Gang-flower (n.) The common English milkwort (Polygala vulgaris), so called from blossoming in gang week.

Gangion (n.) A short

Ganglion (n.) A mass or knot of nervous matter, including nerve cells, usually forming an enlargement in the course of a nerve.

Ganglion (n.) A node, or gland in the lymphatic system; as, a lymphatic ganglion.

Ganglion (n.) A globular, hard, indolent tumor, situated somewhere on a tendon, and commonly formed by the effusion of a viscid fluid into it; -- called also weeping sinew.

Gangrene (n.) A term formerly restricted to mortification of the soft tissues which has not advanced so far as to produce complete loss of vitality; but now applied to mortification of the soft parts in any stage.

Gangue (n.) The mineral or earthy substance associated with metallic ore.

Ganil (n.) A kind of brittle limestone.

Ganister (n.) Alt. of Gannister

Gannister (n.) A refractory material consisting of crushed or ground siliceous stone, mixed with fire clay; -- used for lining Bessemer converters; also used for macadamizing roads.

Ganja (n.) The dried hemp plant, used in India for smoking. It is extremely narcotic and intoxicating.

Gannet (n.) One of several species of sea birds of the genus Sula, allied to the pelicans.

Ganoine (n.) A peculiar bony tissue beneath the enamel of a ganoid scale.

Gansa (n.) Same as Ganza.

Gantlet (n.) A military punishment formerly in use, wherein the offender was made to run between two files of men facing one another, who struck him as he passed.

Gantlet (n.) A glove. See Gauntlet.


Gantlope (n.) See Gantlet.

Gantry (n.) See Gauntree.

Ganza (n.) A kind of wild goose, by a flock of which a virtuoso was fabled to be carried to the lunar world.

Gaol (n.) A place of confinement, especially for minor offenses or provisional imprisonment; a jail.

Gaoler (n.) The keeper of a jail. See Jailer.

Gap (n.) An opening in anything made by breaking or parting; as, a gap in a fence; an opening for a passage or entrance; an opening which implies a breach or defect; a vacant space or time; a hiatus; a mountain pass.

Gape (n.) The act of gaping; a yawn.

Gape (n.) The width of the mouth when opened, as of birds, fishes, etc.

Gaper (n.) One who gapes.

Gaper (n.) A European fish. See 4th Comber.

Gaper (n.) A large edible clam (Schizothaerus Nuttalli), of the Pacific coast; -- called also gaper clam.

Gaper (n.) An East Indian bird of the genus Cymbirhynchus, related to the broadbills.

Gapeseed (n.) Any strange sight.

Gapesing (n.) Act of gazing about; sightseeing.

Gapeworm (n.) The parasitic worm that causes the gapes in birds. See Illustration in Appendix.

Gapingstock (n.) One who is an object of open-mouthed wonder.

Gar (n.) To cause; to make.

Garancin (n.) An extract of madder by sulphuric acid. It consists essentially of alizarin.

Garb (n.) Clothing in general.

Garb (n.) The whole dress or suit of clothes worn by any person, especially when indicating rank or office; as, the garb of a clergyman or a judge.

Garb (n.) Costume; fashion; as, the garb of a gentleman in the 16th century.

Garb (n.) External appearance, as expressive of the feelings or character; looks; fashion or manner, as of speech.

Garb (n.) A sheaf of grain (wheat, unless otherwise specified).

Garbage (n.) Offal, as the bowels of an animal or fish; refuse animal or vegetable matter from a kitchen; hence, anything worthless, disgusting, or loathsome.

Garbel (n.) Same as Garboard.

Garble (n.) Refuse; rubbish.

Garble (n.) Impurities separated from spices, drugs, etc.; -- also called garblings.

Garbler (n.) One who garbles.

Garboard (n.) One of the planks next the keel on the outside, which form a garboard strake.

Garboil (n.) Tumult; disturbance; disorder.

Garcinia (n.) A genus of plants, including the mangosteen tree (Garcinia Mangostana), found in the islands of the Indian Archipelago; -- so called in honor of Dr. Garcin.

Gard (n.) Garden.

Garden (n.) A piece of ground appropriated to the cultivation of herbs, fruits, flowers, or vegetables.

Garden (n.) A rich, well-cultivated spot or tract of country.

Gardener (n.) One who makes and tends a garden; a horticulturist.

Gardenia (n.) A genus of plants, some species of which produce beautiful and fragrant flowers; Cape jasmine; -- so called in honor of Dr. Alexander Garden.

Gardening (n.) The art of occupation of laying out and cultivating gardens; horticulture.

Gardenship (n.) Horticulture.

Gardon (n.) A European cyprinoid fish; the id.

Gardyloo (n.) An old cry in throwing water, slops, etc., from the windows in Edingburgh.

Gare (n.) Coarse wool on the legs of sheep.

Garefowl (n.) The great auk; also, the razorbill. See Auk.

Garfish (n.) A European marine fish (Belone vulgaris); -- called also gar, gerrick, greenback, greenbone, gorebill, hornfish, longnose, mackerel guide, sea needle, and sea pike.

Garfish (n.) One of several species of similar fishes of the genus Tylosurus, of which one species (T. marinus) is common on the Atlantic coast. T. Caribbaeus, a very large species, and T. crassus, are more southern; -- called also needlefish. Many of the common names of the European garfish are also applied to the American species.

Garganey (n.) A small European duck (Anas querquedula); -- called also cricket teal, and summer teal.

Gargarism (n.) A gargle.

Garget (n.) The throat.

Garget (n.) A diseased condition of the udders of cows, etc., arising from an inflammation of the mammary glands.

Garget (n.) A distemper in hogs, indicated by staggering and loss of appetite.

Garget (n.) See Poke.

Gargil (n.) A distemper in geese, affecting the head.

Gargle (n.) See Gargoyle.

Gargle (n.) A liquid, as water or some medicated preparation, used to cleanse the mouth and throat, especially for a medical effect.

Gargol (n.) A distemper in swine; garget.

Gargoulette (n.) A water cooler or jug with a handle and spout; a gurglet.

Gargoyle (n.) A spout projecting from the roof gutter of a building, often carved grotesquely.

Gargyle (n.) See Gargoyle.

Garibaldi (n.) A jacket worn by women; -- so called from its resemblance in shape to the red shirt worn by the Italians patriot Garibaldi.

Garibaldi (n.) A California market fish (Pomancentrus rubicundus) of a deep scarlet color.

Garland (n.) The crown of a king.

Garland (n.) A wreath of chaplet made of branches, flowers, or feathers, and sometimes of precious stones, to be worn on the head like a crown; a coronal; a wreath.

Garland (n.) The top; the thing most prized.

Garland (n.) A book of extracts in prose or poetry; an anthology.

Garland (n.) A sort of netted bag used by sailors to keep provision in.

Garland (n.) A grommet or ring of rope lashed to a spar for convenience in handling.

Garlic (n.) A plant of the genus Allium (A. sativum is the cultivated variety), having a bulbous root, a very strong smell, and an acrid, pungent taste. Each root is composed of several lesser bulbs, called cloves of garlic, inclosed in a common membranous coat, and easily separable.

Garlic (n.) A kind of jig or farce.

Garment (n.) Any article of clothing, as a coat, a gown, etc.

Garmenture (n.) Clothing; dress.

Garner (n.) A granary; a building or place where grain is stored for preservation.

Garnet (n.) A mineral having many varieties differing in color and in their constituents, but with the same crystallization (isometric), and conforming to the same general chemical formula. The commonest color is red, the luster is vitreous, and the hardness greater than that of quartz. The dodecahedron and trapezohedron are the common forms.

Garnet (n.) A tackle for hoisting cargo in our out.

Garnierite (n.) An amorphous mineral of apple-green color; a hydrous silicate of nickel and magnesia. It is an important ore of nickel.

Garnish (n.) Something added for embellishment; decoration; ornament; also, dress; garments, especially such as are showy or decorated.

Garnish (n.) Something set round or upon a dish as an embellishment. See Garnish, v. t., 2.

Garnishee (n.) One who is garnished; a person upon whom garnishment has been served in a suit by a creditor against a debtor, such person holding property belonging to the debtor, or owing him money.

Garnisher (n.) One who, or that which, garnishes.

Garnishment (n.) Ornament; embellishment; decoration.

Garnishment (n.) Warning, or legal notice, to one to appear and give information to the court on any matter.

Garnishment (n.) Warning to a person in whose hands the effects of another are attached, not to pay the money or deliver the goods to the defendant, but to appear in court and give information as garnishee.

Garnishment (n.) A fee. See Garnish, n., 4.

Garookuh (n.) A small fishing vessel met with in the Persian Gulf.

Garran (n.) See Galloway.

Garret (n.) A turret; a watchtower.

Garret (n.) That part of a house which is on the upper floor, immediately under or within the roof; an attic.

Garreteer (n.) One who lives in a garret; a poor author; a literary hack.

Garreting (n.) Small splinters of stone inserted into the joints of coarse masonry.

Garrison (n.) A body of troops stationed in a fort or fortified town.

Garrison (n.) A fortified place, in which troops are quartered for its security.

Garron (n.) Same as Garran.

Garrot (n.) A stick or small wooden cylinder used for tightening a bandage, in order to compress the arteries of a limb.

Garrot (n.) The European golden-eye.

Garrote (n.) A Spanish mode of execution by strangulation, with an iron collar affixed to a post and tightened by a screw until life become extinct; also, the instrument by means of which the punishment is inflicted.

Garroter (n.) One who seizes a person by the throat from behind, with a view to strangle and rob him.

Garrulity (n.) Talkativeness; loquacity.

Garrupa (n.) One of several species of California market fishes, of the genus Sebastichthys; -- called also rockfish. See Rockfish.

Garter (n.) A band used to prevent a stocking from slipping down on the leg.

Garter (n.) The distinguishing badge of the highest order of knighthood in Great Britain, called the Order of the Garter, instituted by Edward III.; also, the Order itself.

Garter (n.) Same as Bendlet.

Garth (n.) A close; a yard; a croft; a garden; as, a cloister garth.

Garth (n.) A dam or weir for catching fish.

Garth (n.) A hoop or band.

Garum (n.) A sauce made of small fish. It was prized by the ancients.

Garvie (n.) The sprat; -- called also garvie herring, and garvock.

Gas (n.) An aeriform fluid; -- a term used at first by chemists as synonymous with air, but since restricted to fluids supposed to be permanently elastic, as oxygen, hydrogen, etc., in distinction from vapors, as steam, which become liquid on a reduction of temperature. In present usage, since all of the supposed permanent gases have been liquified by cold and pressure, the term has resumed nearly its original signification, and is applied to any substance in the elastic or aeriform state.<>

Gas (n.) A complex mixture of gases, of which the most important constituents are marsh gas, olefiant gas, and hydrogen, artificially produced by the destructive distillation of gas coal, or sometimes of peat, wood, oil, resin, etc. It gives a brilliant light when burned, and is the common gas used for illuminating purposes.

Gas (n.) Laughing gas.

Gas (n.) Any irrespirable aeriform fluid.

Gasalier (n.) A chandelier arranged to burn gas.

Gas-burner (n.) The jet piece of a gas fixture where the gas is burned as it escapes from one or more minute orifices.

Gascon (n.) A native of Gascony; a boaster; a bully. See Gasconade.

Gasconade (n.) A boast or boasting; a vaunt; a bravado; a bragging; braggodocio.

Gasconader (n.) A great boaster; a blusterer.

Gaseity (n.) State of being gaseous.

Gash (n.) A deep and long cut; an incision of considerable length and depth, particularly in flesh.

Gasification (n.) The act or process of converting into gas.

Gasket (n.) A

Gasket (n.) The plaited hemp used for packing a piston, as of the steam engine and its pumps.

Gasket (n.) Any ring or washer of packing.

Gaslight (n.) The light yielded by the combustion of illuminating gas.

Gaslight (n.) A gas jet or burner.

Gasogen (n.) An apparatus for the generation of gases, or for impregnating a liquid with a gas, or a gas with a volatile liquid.

Gasogen (n.) A volatile hydrocarbon, used as an illuminant, or for charging illuminating gas.

Gasolene (n.) See Gaso

Gasolier (n.) Same as Gasalier.


Gasometer (n.) An apparatus for holding and measuring of gas; in gas works, a huge iron cylinder closed at one end and having the other end immersed in water, in which it is made to rise or fall, according to the volume of gas it contains, or the pressure required.

Gasometry (n.) The art or practice of measuring gases; also, the science which treats of the nature and properties of these elastic fluids.

Gasoscope (n.) An apparatus for detecting the presence of any dangerous gas, from a gas leak in a coal mine or a dwelling house.

Gasp (n.) The act of opening the mouth convulsively to catch the breath; a labored respiration; a painful catching of the breath.

Gaspereau (n.) The alewife.

Gassing (n.) The process of passing cotton goods between two rollers and exposing them to numerous minute jets of gas to burn off the small fibers; any similar process of singeing.

Gassing (n.) Boasting; insincere or empty talk.

Gasteropod (n.) Same as Gastropod.

Gastness (n.) See Ghastness.

Gastornis (n.) A genus of large eocene birds from the Paris basin.

Gastraea (n.) A primeval larval form; a double-walled sac from which, according to the hypothesis of Haeckel, man and all other animals, that in the first stages of their individual evolution pass through a two-layered structural stage, or gastrula form, must have descended. This idea constitutes the Gastraea theory of Haeckel. See Gastrula.

Gastralgia (n.) Pain in the stomach or epigastrium, as in gastric disorders.

Gastriloquist (n.) One who appears to speak from his stomach; a ventriloquist.

Gastriloquy (n.) A voice or utterance which appears to proceed from the stomach; ventriloquy.

Gastritis (n.) Inflammation of the stomach, esp. of its mucuos membrane.

Gastrocnemius (n.) The muscle which makes the greater part of the calf of the leg.

Gastrodisc (n.) That part of blastoderm where the hypoblast appears like a small disk on the inner face of the epibladst.

Gastroduodenitis (n.) Inflammation of the stomach and duodenum. It is one of the most frequent causes of jaundice.

Gastroelytrotomy (n.) The operation of cutting into the upper part of the vagina, through the abdomen (without opening the peritoneum), for the purpose of removing a fetus. It is a substitute for the Caesarean operation, and less dangerous.

Gastroenteritis (n.) Inflammation of the lining membrane of the stomach and the intestines.

Gastrohysterotomy (n.) Caesarean section. See under Caesarean.

Gastrolith (n.) See Crab's eyes, under Crab.

Gastrology (n.) The science which treats of the structure and functions of the stomach; a treatise of the stomach.

Gastromalacia (n.) A softening of the coats of the stomach; -- usually a post-morten change.

Gastromancy (n.) A kind of divination, by means of words seemingly uttered from the stomach.

Gastromancy (n.) A species of divination, by means of glasses or other round, transparent vessels, in the center of which figures are supposed to appear by magic art.

Gastromyces (n.) The fungoid growths sometimes found in the stomach; such as Torula, etc.

Gastromyth (n.) One whose voice appears to proceed from the stomach; a ventriloquist.

Gastronome (n.) Alt. of Gastronomer

Gastronomer (n.) One fond of good living; an epicure.

Gastronomist (n.) A gastromomer.

Gastronomy (n.) The art or science of good eating; epicurism; the art of good cheer.

Gastropod (n.) One of the Gastropoda.

Gastroraphy (n.) The operation of sewing up wounds of the abdomen.

Gastroscope (n.) An instrument for viewing or examining the interior of the stomach.

Gastroscopy (n.) Examination of the abdomen or stomach, as with the gastroscope.

Gastrosplenic (n.) Pertaining to the stomach and spleen; as, the gastrosplenic ligament.

Gastrostege (n.) One of the large scales on the belly of a serpent.

Gastrostomy (n.) The operation of making a permanent opening into the stomach, for the introduction of food.

Gastrotomy (n.) A cutting into, or opening of, the abdomen or the stomach.

Gastrotrocha (n.) A form of annelid larva having cilia on the ventral side.

Gastrula (n.) An embryonic form having its origin in the invagination or pushing in of the wall of the planula or blastula (the blastosphere) on one side, thus giving rise to a double-walled sac, with one opening or mouth (the blastopore) which leads into the cavity (the archenteron)

Gastrulation (n.) The process of invagination, in embryonic development, by which a gastrula is formed.

Gate (n.) A large door or passageway in the wall of a city, of an inclosed field or place, or of a grand edifice, etc.; also, the movable structure of timber, metal, etc., by which the passage can be closed.

Gate (n.) An opening for passage in any inclosing wall, fence, or barrier; or the suspended framework which closes or opens a passage. Also, figuratively, a means or way of entrance or of exit.

Gate (n.) A door, valve, or other device, for stopping the passage of water through a dam, lock, pipe, etc.

Gate (n.) The places which command the entrances or access; hence, place of vantage; power; might.

Gate (n.) In a lock tumbler, the opening for the stump of the bolt to pass through or into.

Gate (n.) The channel or opening through which metal is poured into the mold; the ingate.

Gate (n.) The waste piece of metal cast in the opening; a sprue or sullage piece.

Gate (n.) A way; a path; a road; a street (as in Highgate).

Gate (n.) Manner; gait.

Gatehouse (n.) A house connected or associated with a gate.

Gateman (n.) A gate keeper; a gate tender.

Gatepost (n.) A post to which a gate is hung; -- called also swinging / hinging post.

Gatepost (n.) A post against which a gate closes; -- called also shutting post.

Gateway (n.) A passage through a fence or wall; a gate; also, a frame, arch, etc., in which a gate in hung, or a structure at an entrance or gate designed for ornament or defense.

Gather (n.) A plait or fold in cloth, made by drawing a thread through it; a pucker.

Gather (n.) The inclination forward of the axle journals to keep the wheels from working outward.

Gather (n.) The soffit or under surface of the masonry required in gathering. See Gather, v. t., 7.

Gatherer (n.) One who gathers or collects.

Gatherer (n.) An attachment for making gathers in the cloth.

Gathering (n.) The act of collecting or bringing together.

Gathering (n.) That which is gathered, collected, or brought together

Gathering (n.) A crowd; an assembly; a congregation.

Gathering (n.) A charitable contribution; a collection.

Gathering (n.) A tumor or boil suppurated or maturated; an abscess.

Gauche (n.) Left handed; hence, awkward; clumsy.

Gauche (n.) Winding; twisted; warped; -- applied to curves and surfaces.

Gaucherie (n.) An awkward action; clumsiness; boorishness.

Gaucho (n.) One of the native inhabitants of the pampas, of Spanish-American descent. They live mostly by rearing cattle.

Gaud (n.) Trick; jest; sport.

Gaud (n.) Deceit; fraud; artifice; device.

Gaud (n.) An ornament; a piece of worthless finery; a trinket.

Gaud (n.) To sport or keep festival.

Gaud-day (n.) See Gaudy, a feast.

Gaudery (n.) Finery; ornaments; ostentatious display.

Gaudiness (n.) The quality of being gaudy.

Gaudy (n.) One of the large beads in the rosary at which the paternoster is recited.

Gaudy (n.) A feast or festival; -- called also gaud-day and gaudy day.

Gauffering (n.) A mode of plaiting or fluting.

Gauffre (n.) A gopher, esp. the pocket gopher.

Gauge (n.) A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard.

Gauge (n.) Measure; dimensions; estimate.

Gauge (n.) Any instrument for ascertaining or regulating the dimensions or forms of things; a templet or template; as, a button maker's gauge.

Gauge (n.) Any instrument or apparatus for measuring the state of a phenomenon, or for ascertaining its numerical elements at any moment; -- usually applied to some particular instrument; as, a rain gauge; a steam gauge.

Gauge (n.) Relative positions of two or more vessels with reference to the wind; as, a vessel has the weather gauge of another when on the windward side of it, and the lee gauge when on the lee side of it.

Gauge (n.) The depth to which a vessel sinks in the water.

Gauge (n.) The distance between the rails of a railway.

Gauge (n.) The quantity of plaster of Paris used with common plaster to accelerate its setting.

Gauge (n.) That part of a shingle, slate, or tile, which is exposed to the weather, when laid; also, one course of such shingles, slates, or tiles.

Gauger (n.) One who gauges; an officer whose business it is to ascertain the contents of casks.

Gauger-ship (n.) The office of a gauger.

Gaul (n.) The Anglicized form of Gallia, which in the time of the Romans included France and Upper Italy (Transalpine and Cisalpine Gaul).

Gaul (n.) A native or inhabitant of Gaul.

Gault (n.) A series of beds of clay and marl in the South of England, between the upper and lower greensand of the Cretaceous period.

Gaultheria (n.) A genus of ericaceous shrubs with evergreen foliage, and, often, edible berries. It includes the American winter-green (Gaultheria procumbens), and the larger-fruited salal of Northwestern America (Gaultheria Shallon).

Gauntlet (n.) See Gantlet.

Gauntlet (n.) A glove of such material that it defends the hand from wounds.

Gauntlet (n.) A long glove, covering the wrist.

Gauntlet (n.) A rope on which hammocks or clothes are hung for drying.

Gauntree (n.) Alt. of Gauntry

Gauntry (n.) A frame for supporting barrels in a cellar or elsewhere.

Gauntry (n.) A scaffolding or frame carrying a crane or other structure.

Gaur (n.) An East Indian species of wild cattle (Bibos gauris), of large size and an untamable disposition.

Gauze (n.) A very thin, slight, transparent stuff, generally of silk; also, any fabric resembling silk gauze; as, wire gauze; cotton gauze.

Gauziness (n.) The quality of being gauzy; flimsiness.

Gavel (n.) A gable.

Gavel (n.) A small heap of grain, not tied up into a bundle.

Gavel (n.) The mallet of the presiding officer in a legislative body, public assembly, court, masonic body, etc.

Gavel (n.) A mason's setting maul.

Gavel (n.) Tribute; toll; custom. [Obs.] See Gabel.

Gavelet (n.) An ancient special kind of cessavit used in Kent and London for the recovery of rent.

Gavelkind (n.) A tenure by which land descended from the father to all his sons in equal portions, and the land of a brother, dying without issue, descended equally to his brothers. It still prevails in the county of Kent.

Gaveloche (n.) Same as Gavelock.

Gavelock (n.) A spear or dart.

Gavelock (n.) An iron crow or lever.

Gaverick (n.) The European red gurnard (Trigla cuculus).

Gavial (n.) A large Asiatic crocodilian (Gavialis Gangeticus); -- called also nako, and Gangetic crocodile.

Gavot (n.) A kind of difficult dance; a dance tune, the air of which has two brisk and lively, yet dignified, strains in common time, each played twice over.

Gawby (n.) A baby; a dunce.

Gawk (n.) A cuckoo.

Gawk (n.) A simpleton; a booby; a gawky.

Gawn (n.) A small tub or lading vessel.

Gawntree (n.) See Gauntree.

Gay (n.) An ornament

Gayal (n.) A Southern Asiatic species of wild cattle (Bibos frontalis).

Gaydiang (n.) A vessel of Anam, with two or three masts, lofty triangular sails, and in construction somewhat resembling a Chinese junk.

Gaylussite (n.) A yellowish white, translucent mineral, consisting of the carbonates of lime and soda, with water.

Gayness (n.) Gayety; finery.

Gaytre (n.) The dogwood tree.

Gaze (n.) A fixed look; a look of eagerness, wonder, or admiration; a continued look of attention.

Gaze (n.) The object gazed on.

Gazeebo (n.) A summerhouse so situated as to command an extensive prospect.

Gazehound (n.) A hound that pursues by the sight rather than by the scent.

Gazel (n.) The black currant; also, the wild plum.

Gazel (n.) See Gazelle.

Gazelle (n.) One of several small, swift, elegantly formed species of antelope, of the genus Gazella, esp. G. dorcas; -- called also algazel, corinne, korin, and kevel. The gazelles are celebrated for the luster and soft expression of their eyes.

Gazement (n.) View.

Gazer (n.) One who gazes.

Gazet (n.) A Venetian coin, worth about three English farthings, or one and a half cents.

Gazette (n.) A newspaper; a printed sheet published periodically; esp., the official journal published by the British government, and containing legal and state notices.

Gazetteer (n.) A writer of news, or an officer appointed to publish news by authority.

Gazetteer (n.) A newspaper; a gazette.

Gazetteer (n.) A geographical dictionary; a book giving the names and descriptions, etc., of many places.

Gazetteer (n.) An alphabetical descriptive list of anything.

Gazingstock (n.) A person or thing gazed at with scorn or abhorrence; an object of curiosity or contempt.

Gazogene (n.) A portable apparatus for making soda water or aerated liquids on a small scale.

Gazon (n.) One of the pieces of sod used to

Gean (n.) A species of cherry tree common in Europe (Prunus avium); also, the fruit, which is usually small and dark in color.

Geanticlinal (n.) An upward bend or flexure of a considerable portion of the earth's crust, resulting in the formation of a class of mountain elevations called anticlinoria; -- opposed to geosynclinal.

Gear (n.) Clothing; garments; ornaments.

Gear (n.) Goods; property; household stuff.

Gear (n.) Whatever is prepared for use or wear; manufactured stuff or material.

Gear (n.) The harness of horses or cattle; trapping.

Gear (n.) Warlike accouterments.

Gear (n.) Manner; custom; behavior.

Gear (n.) Business matters; affairs; concern.

Gear (n.) A toothed wheel, or cogwheel; as, a spur gear, or a bevel gear; also, toothed wheels, collectively.

Gear (n.) An apparatus for performing a special function; gearing; as, the feed gear of a lathe.

Gear (n.) Engagement of parts with each other; as, in gear; out of gear.

Gear (n.) See 1st Jeer (b).

Gear (n.) Anything worthless; stuff; nonsense; rubbish.

Gearing (n.) Harness.

Gearing (n.) The parts by which motion imparted to one portion of an engine or machine is transmitted to another, considered collectively; as, the valve gearing of locomotive engine; belt gearing; esp., a train of wheels for transmitting and varying motion in machinery.

Geat (n.) The channel or spout through which molten metal runs into a mold in casting.

Gecarcinian (n.) A land crab of the genus Gecarcinus, or of allied genera.

Geck (n.) Scorn, derision, or contempt.

Geck (n.) An object of scorn; a dupe; a gull.

Geck (n.) To deride; to scorn; to mock.

Geck (n.) To cheat; trick, or gull.

Gecko (n.) Any lizard of the family Geckonidae. The geckoes are small, carnivorous, mostly nocturnal animals with large eyes and vertical, elliptical pupils. Their toes are generally expanded, and furnished with adhesive disks, by which they can run over walls and ceilings. They are numerous in warm countries, and a few species are found in Europe and the United States. See Wall gecko, Fanfoot.

Geckotian (n.) A gecko.

Ged (n.) Alt. of Gedd

Gedd (n.) The European pike.

Geese (n.) pl. of Goose.

Geest (n.) Alluvial matter on the surface of land, not of recent origin.

Geet (n.) Jet.

Geez (n.) The original native name for the ancient Ethiopic language or people. See Ethiopic.

Gehenna (n.) The valley of Hinnom, near Jerusalem, where some of the Israelites sacrificed their children to Moloch, which, on this account, was afterward regarded as a place of abomination, and made a receptacle for all the refuse of the city, perpetual fires being kept up in order to prevent pestilential effluvia. In the New Testament the name is transferred, by an easy metaphor, to Hell.

Gein (n.) See Humin.

Geitonogamy (n.) Fertilization of flowers by pollen from other flowers on the same plant.

Gelada (n.) A baboon (Gelada Ruppelli) of Abyssinia, remarkable for the length of the hair on the neck and shoulders of the adult male.

Gelatification (n.) The formation of gelatin.

Gelatigenous (n.) Producing, or yielding, gelatin; gelatiniferous; as, the gelatigeneous tissues.

Gelatin (n.) Alt. of Gelatine

Gelatine (n.) Animal jelly; glutinous material obtained from animal tissues by prolonged boiling. Specifically (Physiol. Chem.), a nitrogeneous colloid, not existing as such in the animal body, but formed by the hydrating action of boiling water on the collagen of various kinds of connective tissue (as tendons, bones, ligaments, etc.). Its distinguishing character is that of dissolving in hot water, and forming a jelly on cooling. It is an important ingredient of calf's-foot jelly, isinglas>

Gelatination (n.) The act of process of converting into gelatin, or a substance like jelly.

Gelatine (n.) Same as Gelatin.

Gelatinization (n.) Same as Gelatination.

Gelation (n.) The process of becoming solid by cooling; a cooling and solidifying.

Geld (n.) Money; tribute; compensation; ransom.

Gelder (n.) One who gelds or castrates.

Gelder-rose (n.) Same as Guelder-rose.

Gelidity (n.) The state of being gelid.

Gelidness (n.) The state of being gelid; gelidity.

Gelly (n.) Jelly.

Geloscopy (n.) Divination by means of laughter.

Gelose (n.) An amorphous, gummy carbohydrate, found in Gelidium, agar-agar, and other seaweeds.

Gelsemine (n.) An alkaloid obtained from the yellow jasmine (Gelsemium sempervirens), as a bitter white semicrystal

Gelseminic (n.) Pertaining to, or derived from, the yellow jasmine (Gelsemium sempervirens); as, gelseminic acid, a white crystal

Gelsemium (n.) A genus of climbing plants. The yellow (false) jasmine (Gelsemium sempervirens) is a native of the Southern United States. It has showy and deliciously fragrant flowers.

Gelsemium (n.) The root of the yellow jasmine, used in malarial fevers, etc.

Gelt (n.) Trubute, tax.

Gelt (n.) Gilding; tinsel.

Gem (n.) A bud.

Gem (n.) A precious stone of any kind, as the ruby, emerald, topaz, sapphire, beryl, spinel, etc., especially when cut and polished for ornament; a jewel.

Gem (n.) Anything of small size, or expressed within brief limits, which is regarded as a gem on account of its beauty or value, as a small picture, a verse of poetry, a witty or wise saying.

Gemara (n.) The second part of the Talmud, or the commentary on the Mishna (which forms the first part or text).

Gemarist (n.) One versed in the Gemara, or adhering to its teachings.

Gemel (n.) One of the twins.

Gemel (n.) One of the barrulets placed parallel and closed to each other. Cf. Bars gemel, under Gemel, a.

Gemination (n.) A doubling; duplication; repetition.

Geminy (n.) Twins; a pair; a couple.

Gemma (n.) A leaf bud, as distinguished from a flower bud.

Gemma (n.) A bud spore; one of the small spores or buds in the reproduction of certain Protozoa, which separate one at a time from the parent cell.

Gemmary (n.) A receptacle for jewels or gems; a jewel house; jewels or gems, collectively.

Gemmation (n.) The formation of a new individual, either animal or vegetable, by a process of budding; an asexual method of reproduction; gemmulation; gemmiparity. See Budding.

Gemmation (n.) The arrangement of buds on the stalk; also, of leaves in the bud.

Gemmification (n.) The production of a bud or gem.

Gemminess (n.) The state or quality of being gemmy; spruceness; smartness.

Gemmiparity (n.) Reproduction by budding; gemmation. See Budding.

Gemmosity (n.) The quality or characteristics of a gem or jewel.

Gemmulation (n.) See Gemmation.

Gemmule (n.) A little leaf bud, as the plumule between the cotyledons.

Gemmule (n.) One of the buds of mosses.

Gemmule (n.) One of the reproductive spores of algae.

Gemmule (n.) An ovule.

Gemmule (n.) A bud produced in generation by gemmation.

Gemmule (n.) One of the imaginary granules or atoms which, according to Darwin's hypothesis of pangenesis, are continually being thrown off from every cell or unit, and circulate freely throughout the system, and when supplied with proper nutriment multiply by self-division and ultimately develop into cells like those from which they were derived. They are supposed to be transmitted from the parent to the offspring, but are often transmitted in a dormant state during many generations and ar>

Gemmy (n.) Full of gems; bright; glittering like a gem.

Gemmy (n.) Spruce; smart.

Gems (n.) The chamois.

Gemsbok (n.) A South African antelope (Oryx Capensis), having long, sharp, nearly straight horns.

Gems-horn (n.) An organ stop with conical tin pipes.

Gemul (n.) A small South American deer (Furcifer Chilensis), with simple forked horns.

Genappe (n.) A worsted yarn or cord of peculiar smoothness, used in the manufacture of braid, fringe, etc.

Gendarme (n.) One of a body of heavy cavalry.

Gendarme (n.) An armed policeman in France.

Gendarmery (n.) The body of gendarmes.

Gender (n.) Kind; sort.

Gender (n.) Sex, male or female.

Gender (n.) A classification of nouns, primarily according to sex; and secondarily according to some fancied or imputed quality associated with sex.

Gender (n.) To beget; to engender.

Geneagenesis (n.) Alternate generation. See under Generation.

Genealogist (n.) One who traces genealogies or the descent of persons or families.

Genealogy (n.) An account or history of the descent of a person or family from an ancestor; enumeration of ancestors and their children in the natural order of succession; a pedigree.

Genealogy (n.) Regular descent of a person or family from a progenitor; pedigree;

Genearch (n.) The chief of a family or tribe.

Generability (n.) Capability of being generated.

Generality (n.) The state of being general; the quality of including species or particulars.

Generality (n.) That which is general; that which lacks specificalness, practicalness, or application; a general or vague statement or phrase.

Generality (n.) The main body; the bulk; the greatest part; as, the generality of a nation, or of mankind.

Generalization (n.) The act or process of generalizing; the act of bringing individuals or particulars under a genus or class; deduction of a general principle from particulars.

Generalization (n.) A general inference.

Generalizer (n.) One who takes general or comprehensive views.

Generalness (n.) The condition or quality of being general; frequency; commonness.

Generalship (n.) The office of a general; the exercise of the functions of a general; -- sometimes, with the possessive pronoun, the personality of a general.

Generalship (n.) Military skill in a general officer or commander.

Generalship (n.) Fig.: Leadership; management.

Generalty (n.) Generality.

Generant (n.) That which generates.

Generant (n.) A generatrix.

Generation (n.) The act of generating or begetting; procreation, as of animals.

Generation (n.) Origination by some process, mathematical, chemical, or vital; production; formation; as, the generation of sounds, of gases, of curves, etc.

Generation (n.) That which is generated or brought forth; progeny; offspiring.

Generation (n.) A single step or stage in the succession of natural descent; a rank or remove in genealogy. Hence: The body of those who are of the same genealogical rank or remove from an ancestor; the mass of beings living at one period; also, the average lifetime of man, or the ordinary period of time at which one rank follows another, or father is succeeded by child, usually assumed to be one third of a century; an age.

Generation (n.) Race; kind; family; breed; stock.

Generation (n.) The formation or production of any geometrical magnitude, as a

Generation (n.) The aggregate of the functions and phenomene which attend reproduction.

Generator (n.) One who, or that which, generates, begets, causes, or produces.

Generator (n.) An apparatus in which vapor or gas is formed from a liquid or solid by means of heat or chemical process, as a steam boiler, gas retort, or vessel for generating carbonic acid gas, etc.

Generator (n.) The principal sound or sounds by which others are produced; the fundamental note or root of the common chord; -- called also generating tone.

Generatrix (n.) That which generates; the point, or the mathematical magnitude, which, by its motion, generates another magnitude, as a

Genericalness (n.) The quality of being generic.

Generification (n.) The act or process of generalizing.

Generosity (n.) Noble birth.

Generosity (n.) The quality of being noble; noble-mindedness.

Generosity (n.) Liberality in giving; munificence.

Genesiolgy (n.) The doctrine or science of generation.

Genesis (n.) The act of producing, or giving birth or origin to anything; the process or mode of originating; production; formation; origination.

Genesis (n.) The first book of the Old Testament; -- so called by the Greek translators, from its containing the history of the creation of the world and of the human race.

Genesis (n.) Same as Generation.

Genet (n.) Alt. of Genette

Genette (n.) One of several species of small Carnivora of the genus Genetta, allied to the civets, but having the scent glands less developed, and without a pouch.

Genette (n.) The fur of the common genet (Genetta vulgaris); also, any skin dressed in imitation of this fur.

Genet (n.) A small-sized, well-proportioned, Spanish horse; a jennet.

Genethliac (n.) A birthday poem.

Genethliac (n.) One skilled in genethliacs.

Genethliacs (n.) The science of calculating nativities, or predicting the future events of life from the stars which preside at birth.

Genethlialogy (n.) Divination as to the destinies of one newly born; the act or art of casting nativities; astrology.

Genethliatic (n.) One who calculates nativities.

Geneva (n.) The chief city of Switzerland.

Geneva (n.) A strongly alcoholic liquor, flavored with juniper berries; -- made in Holland; Holland gin; Hollands.

Genevan (n.) A native or inhabitant of Geneva.

Genevan (n.) A supported of Genevanism.

Genevanism (n.) Strict Calvinism.

Geniality (n.) The quality of being genial; sympathetic cheerfulness; warmth of disposition and manners.

Genialness (n.) The quality of being genial.

Geniculation (n.) The act of kneeling.

Geniculation (n.) The state of being bent abruptly at an angle.

Genie (n.) See Genius.

Genio (n.) A man of a particular turn of mind.

Genipap (n.) The edible fruit of a West Indian tree (Genipa Americana) of the order Rubiaceae. It is oval in shape, as a large as a small orange, of a pale greenish color, and with dark purple juice.

Genista (n.) A genus of plants including the common broom of Western Europe.

Geniting (n.) A species of apple that ripens very early.

Genitive (n.) The genitive case.

Genitor (n.) One who begets; a generator; an originator.

Genitor (n.) The genitals.

Geniture (n.) Generation; procreation; birth.

Genius (n.) A good or evil spirit, or demon, supposed by the ancients to preside over a man's destiny in life; a tutelary deity; a supernatural being; a spirit, good or bad. Cf. Jinnee.

Genius (n.) The peculiar structure of mind with whoch each individual is endowed by nature; that disposition or aptitude of mind which is peculiar to each man, and which qualifies him for certain kinds of action or special success in any pursuit; special taste, inclination, or disposition; as, a genius for history, for poetry, or painting.

Genius (n.) Peculiar character; animating spirit, as of a nation, a religion, a language.

Genius (n.) Distinguished mental superiority; uncommon intellectual power; especially, superior power of invention or origination of any kind, or of forming new combinations; as, a man of genius.

Genius (n.) A man endowed with uncommon vigor of mind; a man of superior intellectual faculties; as, Shakespeare was a rare genius.

Genouillere (n.) A metal plate covering the knee.

Genouillere (n.) That part of a parapet which lies between the gun platform and the bottom of an embrasure.

Genre (n.) A style of painting, sculpture, or other imitative art, which illustrates everyday life and manners.

Genteelness (n.) The quality of being genteel.

Genterie (n.) Alt. of Gentrie

Gentrie (n.) Nobility of birth or of character; gentility.

Gentian (n.) Any one of a genus (Gentiana) of herbaceous plants with opposite leaves and a tubular four- or five-lobed corolla, usually blue, but sometimes white, yellow, or red. See Illust. of Capsule.

Gentianella (n.) A kind of blue color.

Gentianine (n.) A bitter, crystallizable substance obtained from gentian.

Gentianose (n.) A crystallizable, sugarlike substance, with a slightly sweetish taste, obtained from the gentian.

Gentile-falcon (n.) See Falcon-gentil.

Gentilism (n.) Hethenism; paganism; the worship of false gods.

Gentilism (n.) Tribal feeling; devotion to one's gens.

Gentility (n.) Good extraction; dignity of birth.

Gentility (n.) The quality or qualities appropriate to those who are well born, as self-respect, dignity, courage, courtesy, politeness of manner, a graceful and easy mien and behavior, etc.; good breeding.

Gentility (n.) The class in society who are, or are expected to be, genteel; the gentry.

Gentility (n.) Paganism; heathenism.

Gentiopikrin (n.) A bitter, yellow, crystal

Gentisin (n.) A tasteless, yellow, crystal

Gentle (n.) One well born; a gentleman.

Gentle (n.) A trained falcon. See Falcon-gentil.

Gentle (n.) A dipterous larva used as fish bait.

Gentleman (n.) A man well born; one of good family; one above the condition of a yeoman.

Gentleman (n.) One of gentle or refined manners; a well-bred man.

Gentleman (n.) One who bears arms, but has no title.

Gentleman (n.) The servant of a man of rank.

Gentleman (n.) A man, irrespective of condition; -- used esp. in the plural (= citizens; people), in addressing men in popular assemblies, etc.

Gentlemanhood (n.) The qualities or condition of a gentleman.


Gentlemanship (n.) The carriage or quality of a gentleman.

Gentleness (n.) The quality or state of being gentle, well-born, mild, benevolent, docile, etc.; gentility; softness of manners, disposition, etc.; mildness.

Gentleship (n.) The deportment or conduct of a gentleman.

Gentlesse (n.) Gentilesse; gentleness.

Gentlewoman (n.) A woman of good family or of good breeding; a woman above the vulgar.

Gentlewoman (n.) A woman who attends a lady of high rank.

Gentoo (n.) A native of Hindostan; a Hindoo.

Genu (n.) The knee.

Genu (n.) The kneelike bend, in the anterior part of the callosum of the brain.

Genuflection (n.) The act of bending the knee, particularly in worship.

Genus (n.) A class of objects divided into several subordinate species; a class more extensive than a species; a precisely defined and exactly divided class; one of the five predicable conceptions, or sorts of terms.

Genus (n.) An assemblage of species, having so many fundamental points of structure in common, that in the judgment of competent scientists, they may receive a common substantive name. A genus is not necessarily the lowest definable group of species, for it may often be divided into several subgenera. In proportion as its definition is exact, it is natural genus; if its definition can not be made clear, it is more or less an artificial genus.

Genys (n.) See Gonys.

Geocronite (n.) A lead-gray or grayish blue mineral with a metallic luster, consisting of sulphur, antimony, and lead, with a small proportion of arsenic.

Geode (n.) A nodule of stone, containing a cavity,

Geode (n.) The cavity in such a nodule.

Geodesic (n.) A geodetic

Geodesist (n.) One versed in geodesy.

Geodesy (n.) That branch of applied mathematics which determines, by means of observations and measurements, the figures and areas of large portions of the earth's surface, or the general figure and dimenshions of the earth; or that branch of surveying in which the curvature of the earth is taken into account, as in the surveys of States, or of long

Geodetics (n.) Same as Geodesy.

Geoduck (n.) A gigantic clam (Glycimeris generosa) of the Pacific coast of North America, highly valued as an article of food.

Geognosis (n.) Knowledge of the earth.

Geognost (n.) One versed in geognosy; a geologist.

Geognosy (n.) That part of geology which treats of the materials of the earth's structure, and its general exterior and interior constitution.

Geogony (n.) The branch of science which treats of the formation of the earth.

Geographer (n.) One versed in geography.

Geography (n.) The science which treats of the world and its inhabitants; a description of the earth, or a portion of the earth, including its structure, fetures, products, political divisions, and the people by whom it is inhabited.

Geography (n.) A treatise on this science.

Geolatry (n.) The worship of the earth.

Geologer (n.) Alt. of Geologian

Geologian (n.) A geologist.

Geologist (n.) One versed in the science of geology.

Geology (n.) The science which treats: (a) Of the structure and mineral constitution of the globe; structural geology. (b) Of its history as regards rocks, minerals, rivers, valleys, mountains, climates, life, etc.; historical geology. (c) Of the causes and methods by which its structure, features, changes, and conditions have been produced; dynamical geology. See Chart of The Geological Series.

Geology (n.) A treatise on the science.

Geomalism (n.) The tendency of an organism to respond, during its growth, to the force of gravitation.

Geomancer (n.) One who practices, or is versed in, geomancy.

Geomancy (n.) A kind of divination by means of figures or

Geometer (n.) One skilled in geometry; a geometrician; a mathematician.

Geometer (n.) Any species of geometrid moth; a geometrid.

Geometrician (n.) One skilled in geometry; a geometer; a mathematician.

Geometrid (n.) One of numerous genera and species of moths, of the family Geometridae; -- so called because their larvae (called loopers, measuring worms, spanworms, and inchworms) creep in a looping manner, as if measuring. Many of the species are injurious to agriculture, as the cankerworms.

Geometry (n.) That branch of mathematics which investigates the relations, properties, and measurement of solids, surfaces,

Geometry (n.) A treatise on this science.

Geophagism (n.) The act or habit of eating earth. See Dirt eating, under Dirt.

Geophagist (n.) One who eats earth, as dirt, clay, chalk, etc.

Geoponics (n.) The art or science of cultivating the earth; agriculture.

Georama (n.) A hollow globe on the inner surface of which a map of the world is depicted, to be examined by one standing inside.

Geordie (n.) A name given by miners to George Stephenson's safety lamp.

George (n.) A figure of St. George (the patron saint of England) on horseback, appended to the collar of the Order of the Garter. See Garter.

George (n.) A kind of brown loaf.

Georgian (n.) A native of, or dweller in, Georgia.

Geoscopy (n.) Knowledge of the earth, ground, or soil, obtained by inspection.

Geosynclinal (n.) the downward bend or subsidence of the earth's crust, which allows of the gradual accumulation of sediment, and hence forms the first step in the making of a mountain range; -- opposed to geanticlinal.

Geothermometer (n.) A thermometer specially constructed for measuring temperetures at a depth below the surface of the ground.

Geotropism (n.) A disposition to turn or inc

Gepound (n.) See Gipoun.

Gerah (n.) A small coin and weight; 1-20th of a shekel.

Geraniine (n.) Alt. of Geranine

Geranine (n.) A valuable astringent obtained from the root of the Geranium maculatum or crane's-bill.

Geranine (n.) A liquid terpene, obtained from the crane's-bill (Geranium maculatum), and having a peculiar mulberry odor.

Geranium (n.) A genus of plants having a beaklike tours or receptacle, around which the seed capsules are arranged, and membranous projections, or stipules, at the joints. Most of the species have showy flowers and a pungent odor. Called sometimes crane's-bill.

Geranium (n.) A cultivated pelargonium.

Gerant (n.) The manager or acting partner of a company, joint-stock association, etc.

Gerbe (n.) A kind of ornamental firework.

Gerbil (n.) Alt. of Gerbille

Gerbille (n.) One of several species of small, jumping, murine rodents, of the genus Gerbillus. In their leaping powers they resemble the jerboa. They inhabit Africa, India, and Southern Europe.

Gerboa (n.) The jerboa.

Gere (n.) Gear.

Gerfalcon (n.) See Gyrfalcon.

Gerland (n.) Alt. of Gerlond

Gerlond (n.) A garland.

Gerlind (n.) A salmon returning from the sea the second time.

Germ (n.) That which is to develop a new individual; as, the germ of a fetus, of a plant or flower, and the like; the earliest form under which an organism appears.

Germ (n.) That from which anything springs; origin; first principle; as, the germ of civil liberty.

German (n.) A native or one of the people of Germany.

German (n.) The German language.

German (n.) A round dance, often with a waltz movement, abounding in capriciosly involved figures.

German (n.) A social party at which the german is danced.

German (n.) Of or pertaining to Germany.

Germander (n.) A plant of the genus Teucrium (esp. Teucrium Chamaedrys or wall germander), mintlike herbs and low shrubs.

Germanic (n.) Of or pertaining to Germany; as, the Germanic confederacy.

Germanic (n.) Teutonic.

Germanism (n.) An idiom of the German language.

Germanism (n.) A characteristic of the Germans; a characteristic German mode, doctrine, etc.; rationalism.

Germanium (n.) A rare element, recently discovered (1885), in a silver ore (argyrodite) at Freiberg. It is a brittle, silver-white metal, chemically intermediate between the metals and nonmetals, resembles tin, and is in general identical with the predicted ekasilicon. Symbol Ge. Atomic weight 72.3.

Germanization (n.) The act of Germanizing.

Germarium (n.) An organ in which the ova are developed in certain Turbellaria.

Germen (n.) See Germ.

Germicide (n.) A germicide agent.

Germinal (n.) The seventh month of the French republican calendar [1792 -- 1806]. It began March 21 and ended April 19. See VendEmiaire.

Germination (n.) The process of germinating; the beginning of vegetation or growth in a seed or plant; the first development of germs, either animal or vegetable.

Germiparity (n.) Reproduction by means of germs.

Germogen (n.) A polynuclear mass of protoplasm, not divided into separate cells, from which certain ova are developed.

Germogen (n.) The primitive cell in certain embryonic forms.

Germule (n.) A small germ.

Gerner (n.) A garner.

Gerocomia (n.) See Gerocomy.

Gerocomy (n.) That part of medicine which treats of regimen for old people.

Gerontocracy (n.) Government by old men.

Geropigia (n.) A mixture composed of unfermented grape juice, brandy, sugar, etc., for adulteration of wines.

Gerund (n.) A kind of verbal noun, having only the four oblique cases of the singular number, and governing cases like a participle.

Gerund (n.) A verbal noun ending in -e, preceded by to and usually denoting purpose or end; -- called also the dative infinitive; as, "Ic haebbe mete to etanne" (I have meat to eat.) In Modern English the name has been applied to verbal or participal nouns in -ing denoting a transitive action; e. g., by throwing a stone.

Gerundive (n.) The future passive participle; as, amandus, i. e., to be loved.

Gesling (n.) A gosling.

Gest (n.) A guest.

Gest (n.) Something done or achieved; a deed or an action; an adventure.

Gest (n.) An action represented in sports, plays, or on the stage; show; ceremony.

Gest (n.) A tale of achievements or adventures; a stock story.

Gest (n.) Gesture; bearing; deportment.

Gest (n.) A stage in traveling; a stop for rest or lodging in a journey or progress; a rest.

Gest (n.) A roll recting the several stages arranged for a royal progress. Many of them are extant in the herald's office.

Gestation (n.) The act of wearing (clothes or ornaments).

Gestation (n.) The act of carrying young in the womb from conception to delivery; pregnancy.

Gestation (n.) Exercise in which one is borne or carried, as on horseback, or in a carriage, without the exertion of his own powers; passive exercise.

Gesticulation (n.) The act of gesticulating, or making gestures to express passion or enforce sentiments.

Gesticulation (n.) A gesture; a motion of the body or limbs in speaking, or in representing action or passion, and enforcing arguments and sentiments.

Gesticulation (n.) Antic tricks or motions.

Gesticulator (n.) One who gesticulates.

Gestour (n.) A reciter of gests or legendary tales; a story-teller.

Gesture (n.) Manner of carrying the body; position of the body or limbs; posture.

Gesture (n.) A motion of the body or limbs expressive of sentiment or passion; any action or posture intended to express an idea or a passion, or to enforce or emphasize an argument, assertion, or opinion.

Gesturement (n.) Act of making gestures; gesturing.

Get (n.) Jet, the mineral.

Get (n.) Fashion; manner; custom.

Get (n.) Artifice; contrivance.

Get (n.) Offspring; progeny; as, the get of a stallion.

Get-penny (n.) Something which gets or gains money; a successful affair.

Getter (n.) One who gets, gains, obtains, acquires, begets, or procreates.

Getterup (n.) One who contrives, makes, or arranges for, anything, as a book, a machine, etc.

Getting (n.) The act of obtaining or acquiring; acquisition.

Getting (n.) That which is got or obtained; gain; profit.

Get-up (n.) General composition or structure; manner in which the parts of a thing are combined; make-up; style of dress, etc.

Gewgaw (n.) A showy trifle; a toy; a splendid plaything; a pretty but worthless bauble.

Geyser (n.) A boiling spring which throws forth at frequent intervals jets of water, mud, etc., driven up by the expansive power of steam.

Geyserite (n.) A loose hydrated form of silica, a variety of opal, deposited in concretionary cauliflowerlike masses, around some hot springs and geysers.

Gharry (n.) Any wheeled cart or carriage.


Ghastness (n.) Ghast

Ghat (n.) Alt. of Ghaut

Ghaut (n.) A pass through a mountain.

Ghaut (n.) A range of mountains.

Ghaut (n.) Stairs descending to a river; a landing place; a wharf.

Gheber Ghebre (n.) A worshiper of fire; a Zoroastrian; a Parsee.

Ghee (n.) Butter clarified by boiling, and thus converted into a kind of oil.

Gherkin (n.) A kind of small, prickly cucumber, much used for pickles.

Gherkin (n.) See Sea gherkin.

Ghetto (n.) The Jews'quarter in an Italian town or city.


Ghole (n.) See Ghoul.

Ghost (n.) The spirit; the soul of man.

Ghost (n.) The disembodied soul; the soul or spirit of a deceased person; a spirit appearing after death; an apparition; a specter.

Ghost (n.) Any faint shadowy semblance; an unsubstantial image; a phantom; a glimmering; as, not a ghost of a chance; the ghost of an idea.

Ghost (n.) A false image formed in a telescope by reflection from the surfaces of one or more lenses.

Ghostfish (n.) A pale unspotted variety of the wrymouth.


Ghostology (n.) Ghost lore.

Ghoul (n.) An imaginary evil being among Eastern nations, which was supposed to feed upon human bodies.

Ghyll (n.) A ravine. See Gill a woody glen.

Giallolino (n.) A term variously employed by early writers on art, though commonly designating the yellow oxide of lead, or massicot.

Giant (n.) A man of extraordinari bulk and stature.

Giant (n.) A person of extraordinary strength or powers, bodily or intellectual.

Giant (n.) Any animal, plant, or thing, of extraordinary size or power.

Giantess (n.) A woman of extraordinary size.

Giantry (n.) The race of giants.

Giantship (n.) The state, personality, or character, of a giant; -- a compellation for a giant.

Giaour (n.) An infidel; -- a term applied by Turks to disbelievers in the Mohammedan religion, especially Christrians.

Gib (n.) A male cat; a tomcat.

Gib (n.) A piece or slip of metal or wood, notched or otherwise, in a machine or structure, to hold other parts in place or bind them together, or to afford a bearing surface; -- usually held or adjusted by means of a wedge, key, or screw.

Gibbartas (n.) One of several finback whales of the North Atlantic; -- called also Jupiter whale.

Gibber (n.) A balky horse.

Gibbet (n.) A kind of gallows; an upright post with an arm projecting from the top, on which, formerly, malefactors were hanged in chains, and their bodies allowed to remain asa warning.

Gibbet (n.) The projecting arm of a crane, from which the load is suspended; the jib.

Gibbier (n.) Wild fowl; game.

Gibbon (n.) Any arboreal ape of the genus Hylobates, of which many species and varieties inhabit the East Indies and Southern Asia. They are tailless and without cheek pouches, and have very long arms, adapted for climbing.

Gibbostity (n.) The state of being gibbous or gibbose; gibbousness.

Gibbsite (n.) A hydrate of alumina.

Gib-cat (n.) A male cat, esp. an old one. See lst Gib. n.

Gibe (n.) An expression of sarcastic scorn; a sarcastic jest; a scoff; a taunt; a sneer.

Gibel (n.) A kind of carp (Cyprinus gibelio); -- called also Prussian carp.

Giber (n.) One who utters gibes.

Gibfish (n.) The male of the salmon.

Gibstaff (n.) A staff to guage water, or to push a boat.

Gibstaff (n.) A staff formerly used in fighting beasts on the stage.

Giddiness (n.) The quality or state of being giddy.

Giddy-head (n.) A person without thought fulness, prudence, or judgment.

Gier-eagle (n.) A bird referred to in the Bible (Lev. xi. 18and Deut. xiv. 17) as unclean, probably the Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus).

Gier-falcon (n.) The gyrfalcon.

Gieseckite (n.) A mineral occurring in greenish gray six-sided prisms, having a greasy luster. It is probably a pseudomorph after elaeolite.

Giffgaff (n.) Mutial accommodation; mutual giving.

Giffy (n.) See Jiffy.

Giftedness (n.) The state of being gifted.

Gig (n.) A fiddle.

Gig (n.) A kind of spear or harpoon. See Fishgig.

Gig (n.) A playful or wanton girl; a giglot.

Gig (n.) A top or whirligig; any little thing that is whirled round in play.

Gig (n.) A light carriage, with one pair of wheels, drawn by one horse; a kind of chaise.

Gig (n.) A long, light rowboat, generally clinkerbuilt, and designed to be fast; a boat appropriated to the use of the commanding officer; as, the captain's gig.

Gig (n.) A rotatory cylinder, covered with wire teeth or teasels, for teaseling woolen cloth.

Giganticide (n.) The act of killing, or one who kills, a giant.

Gigantology (n.) An account or description of giants.

Gigantomachy (n.) A war of giants; especially, the fabulous war of the giants against heaven.

Gide (n.) Alt. of Guide

Guide (n.) The leather strap by which the shield of a knight was slung across the shoulder, or across the neck and shoulder.

Gigerium (n.) The muscular stomach, or gizzard, of birds.

Gigget (n.) Same as Gigot.

Giggle (n.) A kind of laugh, with short catches of the voice or breath; a light, silly laugh.

Giggler (n.) One who giggles or titters.

Giggot (n.) See Gigot.

Giggyng (n.) The act of fastending the gige or leather strap to the shield.

Giglot (n.) Alt. of Giglet

Giglet (n.) A wanton; a lascivious or light, giddy girl.

Gigot (n.) Alt. of Giggot

Giggot (n.) A leg of mutton.

Giggot (n.) A small piece of flesh; a slice.

Gilder (n.) One who gilds; one whose occupation is to overlay with gold.

Gilder (n.) A Dutch coin. See Guilder.

Guilding (n.) The art or practice of overlaying or covering with gold leaf; also, a thin coating or wash of gold, or of that which resembles gold.

Guilding (n.) Gold in leaf, powder, or liquid, for application to any surface.

Guilding (n.) Any superficial coating or appearance, as opposed to what is solid and genuine.

Gile (n.) Guile.

Gill (n.) An organ for aquatic respiration; a branchia.

Gill (n.) The radiating, gill-shaped plates forming the under surface of a mushroom.

Gill (n.) The fleshy flap that hangs below the beak of a fowl; a wattle.

Gill (n.) The flesh under or about the chin.

Gill (n.) One of the combs of closely ranged steel pins which divide the ribbons of flax fiber or wool into fewer parallel filaments.

Gill (n.) A two-wheeled frame for transporting timber.

Gill (n.) A leech.

Gill (n.) A woody glen; a narrow valley containing a stream.

Gill (n.) A measure of capacity, containing one fourth of a pint.

Gill (n.) A young woman; a sweetheart; a flirting or wanton girl.

Gill (n.) The ground ivy (Nepeta Glechoma); -- called also gill over the ground, and other like names.

Gill (n.) Malt liquor medicated with ground ivy.

Gill-flirt (n.) A thoughtless, giddy girl; a flirt-gill.

Gillhouse (n.) A shop where gill is sold.

Gillian (n.) A girl; esp., a wanton; a gill.

Gillie Gilly (n.) A boy or young man; a manservant; a male attendant, in the Scottish Highlands.

Gillyflower (n.) A name given by old writers to the clove pink (Dianthus Caryophyllus) but now to the common stock (Matthiola incana), a cruciferous plant with showy and fragrant blossoms, usually purplish, but often pink or white.

Gillyflower (n.) A kind of apple, of a roundish conical shape, purplish red color, and having a large core.

Gilour (n.) A guiler; deceiver.

Gilse (n.) See Grilse.

Gilt (n.) Gold, or that which resembles gold, laid on the surface of a thing; gilding.

Gilt (n.) Money.

Gilthead (n.) A marine fish.

Gilthead (n.) The Pagrus, / Chrysophrys, auratus, a valuable food fish common in the Mediterranean (so named from its golden-colored head); -- called also giltpoll.

Gilthead (n.) The Crenilabrus melops, of the British coasts; -- called also golden maid, conner, sea partridge.

Gilttail (n.) A yellow-tailed worm or larva.

Gimbal (n.) Alt. of Gimbals

Gimbals (n.) A contrivance for permitting a body to inc

Gimcrack (n.) A trivial mechanism; a device; a toy; a pretty thing.

Gimlet (n.) A small tool for boring holes. It has a leading screw, a grooved body, and a cross handle.

Gimmal (n.) Joined work whose parts move within each other; a pair or series of interlocked rings.

Gimmal (n.) A quaint piece of machinery; a gimmer.

Gimmer (n.) Alt. of Gimmor

Gimmor (n.) A piece of mechanism; mechanical device or contrivance; a gimcrack.

Gimp (n.) A narrow ornamental fabric of silk, woolen, or cotton, often with a metallic wire, or sometimes a coarse cord, running through it; -- used as trimming for dresses, furniture, etc.

Gin (n.) Against; near by; towards; as, gin night.

Gin (n.) A strong alcoholic liquor, distilled from rye and barley, and flavored with juniper berries; -- also called Hollands and Holland gin, because originally, and still very extensively, manufactured in Holland. Common gin is usually flavored with turpentine.

Gin (n.) Contrivance; artifice; a trap; a snare.

Gin (n.) A machine for raising or moving heavy weights, consisting of a tripod formed of poles united at the top, with a windlass, pulleys, ropes, etc.

Gin (n.) A hoisting drum, usually vertical; a whim.

Gin (n.) A machine for separating the seeds from cotton; a cotton gin.

Ging (n.) Same as Gang, n., 2.

Gingal (n.) See Jingal.

Ginger (n.) A plant of the genus Zingiber, of the East and West Indies. The species most known is Z. officinale.

Ginger (n.) The hot and spicy rootstock of Zingiber officinale, which is much used in cookery and in medicine.

Gingerbread (n.) A kind of plain sweet cake seasoned with ginger, and sometimes made in fanciful shapes.

Gingerness (n.) Cautiousness; tenderness.

Gingham (n.) A kind of cotton or

Ginging (n.) The lining of a mine shaft with stones or bricks to prevent caving.

Ginglymodi (n.) An order of ganoid fishes, including the modern gar pikes and many allied fossil forms. They have rhombic, ganoid scales, a heterocercal tail, paired fins without an axis, fulcra on the fins, and a bony skeleton, with the vertebrae convex in front and concave behind, forming a ball and socket joint. See Ganoidel.

Ginglymus (n.) A hinge joint; an articulation, admitting of flexion and extension, or motion in two directions only, as the elbow and the ankle.

Ginhouse (n.) A building where cotton is ginned.

Ginkgo (n.) A large ornamental tree (Ginkgo biloba) from China and Japan, belonging to the Yew suborder of Coniferae. Its leaves are so like those of some maidenhair ferns, that it is also called the maidenhair tree.

Ginnee (n.) See Jinnee.

Ginnet (n.) See Genet, a horse.

Ginny-carriage (n.) A small, strong carriage for conveying materials on a railroad.

Ginseng (n.) A plant of the genus Aralia, the root of which is highly valued as a medicine among the Chinese. The Chinese plant (Aralia Schinseng) has become so rare that the American (A. quinquefolia) has largely taken its place, and its root is now an article of export from America to China. The root, when dry, is of a yellowish white color, with a sweetness in the taste somewhat resembling that of licorice, combined with a slight aromatic bitterness.

Ginshop (n.) A shop or barroom where gin is sold as a beverage.

Gip (n.) A servant. See Gyp.

Gipoun (n.) A short cassock.

Gipser (n.) Alt. of Gipsire

Gipsire (n.) A kind of pouch formerly worn at the girdle.

Gipsyism (n.) See Gypsyism.

Giraffe (n.) An African ruminant (Camelopardalis giraffa) related to the deers and antelopes, but placed in a family by itself; the camelopard. It is the tallest of animals, being sometimes twenty feet from the hoofs to the top of the head. Its neck is very long, and its fore legs are much longer than its hind legs.

Girandole (n.) An ornamental branched candlestick.

Girandole (n.) A flower stand, fountain, or the like, of branching form.

Girandole (n.) A kind of revolving firework.

Girandole (n.) A series of chambers in defensive mines.

Girasole Girasol (n.) See Heliotrope.

Girasole Girasol (n.) A variety of opal which is usually milk white, bluish white, or sky blue; but in a bright light it reflects a reddish color.

Gird (n.) A stroke with a rod or switch; a severe spasm; a twinge; a pang.

Gird (n.) A cut; a sarcastic remark; a gibe; a sneer.

Girder (n.) One who girds; a satirist.

Girder (n.) One who, or that which, girds.

Girder (n.) A main beam; a stright, horizontal beam to span an opening or carry weight, such as ends of floor beams, etc.; hence, a framed or built-up member discharging the same office, technically called a compound girder. See Illusts. of Frame, and Doubleframed floor, under Double.

Girding (n.) That with which one is girded; a girdle.

Girdle (n.) A griddle.

Girdle (n.) That which girds, encircles, or incloses; a circumference; a belt; esp., a belt, sash, or article of dress encircling the body usually at the waist; a cestus.

Girdle (n.) The zodiac; also, the equator.

Girdle (n.) The

Girdle (n.) A thin bed or stratum of stone.

Girdle (n.) The clitellus of an earthworm.

Girdler (n.) One who girdles.

Girdler (n.) A maker of girdles.

Girdler (n.) An American longicorn beetle (Oncideres cingulatus) which lays its eggs in the twigs of the hickory, and then girdles each branch by gnawing a groove around it, thus killing it to provide suitable food for the larvae.

Girdlestead (n.) That part of the body where the girdle is worn.

Girdlestead (n.) The lap.

Gire (n.) See Gyre.

Girkin (n.) See Gherkin.

Girl (n.) A young person of either sex; a child.

Girl (n.) A female child, from birth to the age of puberty; a young maiden.

Girl (n.) A female servant; a maidservant.

Girl (n.) A roebuck two years old.

Girlhood (n.) State or time of being a girl.

Girlond (n.) A garland; a prize.

Girn (n.) To grin.

Girondist (n.) A member of the moderate republican party formed in the French legislative assembly in 1791. The Girondists were so called because their leaders were deputies from the department of La Gironde.

Girrock (n.) A garfish.

Girt (n.) Same as Girth.

Girth (n.) A band or strap which encircles the body; especially, one by which a saddle is fastened upon the back of a horse.

Girth (n.) The measure round the body, as at the waist or belly; the circumference of anything.

Girth (n.) A small horizontal brace or girder.


Gisarm (n.) A weapon with a scythe-shaped blade, and a separate long sharp point, mounted on a long staff and carried by foot soldiers.

Gise (n.) Guise; manner.

Gisle (n.) A pledge.

Gismondine (n.) Alt. of Gismondite

Gismondite (n.) A native hydrated silicate of alumina, lime, and potash, first noticed near Rome.

Gist (n.) A resting place.

Gist (n.) The main point, as of a question; the point on which an action rests; the pith of a matter; as, the gist of a question.

Git (n.) See Geat.

Gite (n.) A gown.

Gith (n.) The corn cockle; also anciently applied to the Nigella, or fennel flower.

Gittern (n.) An instrument like a guitar.

Gittith (n.) A musical instrument, of unknown character, supposed by some to have been used by the people of Gath, and thence obtained by David. It is mentioned in the title of Psalms viii., lxxxi., and lxxxiv.

Guist (n.) Same as Joust.

Give (n.) To bestow without receiving a return; to confer without compensation; to impart, as a possession; to grant, as authority or permission; to yield up or allow.

Give (n.) To yield possesion of; to deliver over, as property, in exchange for something; to pay; as, we give the value of what we buy.

Give (n.) To yield; to furnish; to produce; to emit; as, flint and steel give sparks.

Give (n.) To communicate or announce, as advice, tidings, etc.; to pronounce; to render or utter, as an opinion, a judgment, a sentence, a shout, etc.

Give (n.) To grant power or license to; to permit; to allow; to license; to commission.

Give (n.) To exhibit as a product or result; to produce; to show; as, the number of men, divided by the number of ships, gives four hundred to each ship.

Give (n.) To devote; to apply; used reflexively, to devote or apply one's self; as, the soldiers give themselves to plunder; also in this sense used very frequently in the past participle; as, the people are given to luxury and pleasure; the youth is given to study.

Give (n.) To set forth as a known quantity or a known relation, or as a premise from which to reason; -- used principally in the passive form given.

Give (n.) To allow or admit by way of supposition.

Give (n.) To attribute; to assign; to adjudge.

Give (n.) To excite or cause to exist, as a sensation; as, to give offense; to give pleasure or pain.

Give (n.) To pledge; as, to give one's word.

Give (n.) To cause; to make; -- with the infinitive; as, to give one to understand, to know, etc.

Giver (n.) One who gives; a donor; a bestower; a grantor; one who imparts or distributes.

Gives (n.) Fetters.

Giving (n.) The act of bestowing as a gift; a conferring or imparting.

Giving (n.) A gift; a benefaction.

Giving (n.) The act of softening, breaking, or yielding.

Gizzard (n.) The second, or true, muscular stomach of birds, in which the food is crushed and ground, after being softened in the glandular stomach (crop), or lower part of the esophagus; the gigerium.

Gizzard (n.) A thick muscular stomach found in many invertebrate animals.

Gizzard (n.) A stomach armed with chitinous or shelly plates or teeth, as in certain insects and mollusks.

Glabella (n.) The space between the eyebrows, also including the corresponding part of the frontal bone; the mesophryon.

Glabellum (n.) The median, convex lobe of the head of a trilobite. See Trilobite.

Glabrity (n.) Smoothness; baldness.

Glacialist (n.) One who attributes the phenomena of the drift, in geology, to glaciers.

Glaciation (n.) Act of freezing.

Glaciation (n.) That which is formed by freezing; ice.

Glaciation (n.) The process of glaciating, or the state of being glaciated; the production of glacial phenomena.

Glacier (n.) An immense field or stream of ice, formed in the region of perpetual snow, and moving slowly down a mountain slope or valley, as in the Alps, or over an extended area, as in Greenland.

Glacis (n.) A gentle slope, or a smooth, gently sloping bank; especially (Fort.), that slope of earth which inc

Gladder (n.) One who makes glad.

Glade (n.) An open passage through a wood; a grassy open or cleared space in a forest.

Glade (n.) An everglade.

Glade (n.) An opening in the ice of rivers or lakes, or a place left unfrozen; also, smooth ice.

Gladen (n.) Sword grass; any plant with sword-shaped leaves, esp. the European Iris foetidissima.

Gladeye (n.) The European yellow-hammer.

Gladiator (n.) Originally, a swordplayer; hence, one who fought with weapons in public, either on the occasion of a funeral ceremony, or in the arena, for public amusement.

Gladiator (n.) One who engages in any fierce combat or controversy.

Gladiatorism (n.) The art or practice of a gladiator.

Gladiatorship (n.) Conduct, state, or art, of a gladiator.

Gladiature (n.) Swordplay; fencing; gladiatorial contest.

Gladiole (n.) A lilylike plant, of the genus Gladiolus; -- called also corn flag.

Gladiolus (n.) A genus of plants having bulbous roots and gladiate leaves, and including many species, some of which are cultivated and valued for the beauty of their flowers; the corn flag; the sword lily.

Gladiolus (n.) The middle portion of the sternum in some animals; the mesosternum.

Gladius (n.) The internal shell, or pen, of cephalopods like the squids.

Gladness (n.) State or quality of being glad; pleasure; joyful satisfaction; cheerfulness.

Gladship (n.) A state of gladness.

Gladstone (n.) A four-wheeled pleasure carriage with two inside seats, calash top, and seats for driver and footman.

Gladwyn (n.) See Gladen.

Glaire (n.) See Glair.

Glairin (n.) A glairy viscous substance, which forms on the surface of certain mineral waters, or covers the sides of their inclosures; -- called also baregin.

Glaive (n.) A weapon formerly used, consisting of a large blade fixed on the end of a pole, whose edge was on the outside curve; also, a light lance with a long sharp-pointed head.

Glaive (n.) A sword; -- used poetically and loosely.

Glama (n.) A copious gummy secretion of the humor of the eyelids, in consequence of some disorder; blearedness; lippitude.

Glamour (n.) A charm affecting the eye, making objects appear different from what they really are.

Glamour (n.) Witchcraft; magic; a spell.

Glamour (n.) A kind of haze in the air, causing things to appear different from what they really are.

Glamour (n.) Any artificial interest in, or association with, an object, through which it appears delusively magnified or glorified.

Glamourie (n.) Glamour.

Glance (n.) A sudden flash of light or splendor.

Glance (n.) A quick cast of the eyes; a quick or a casual look; a swift survey; a glimpse.

Glance (n.) An incidental or passing thought or allusion.

Glance (n.) A name given to some sulphides, mostly dark-colored, which have a brilliant metallic luster, as the sulphide of copper, called copper glance.

Gland (n.) An organ for secreting something to be used in, or eliminated from, the body; as, the sebaceous glands of the skin; the salivary glands of the mouth.

Gland (n.) An organ or part which resembles a secreting, or true, gland, as the ductless, lymphatic, pineal, and pituitary glands, the functions of which are very imperfectly known.

Gland (n.) A special organ of plants, usually minute and globular, which often secretes some kind of resinous, gummy, or aromatic product.

Gland (n.) Any very small prominence.

Gland (n.) The movable part of a stuffing box by which the packing is compressed; -- sometimes called a follower. See Illust. of Stuffing box, under Stuffing.

Gland (n.) The crosspiece of a bayonet clutch.

Glandage (n.) A feeding on nuts or mast.

Glanders (n.) A highly contagious and very destructive disease of horses, asses, mules, etc., characterized by a constant discharge of sticky matter from the nose, and an enlargement and induration of the glands beneath and within the lower jaw. It may transmitted to dogs, goats, sheep, and to human beings.

Glandulation (n.) The situation and structure of the secretory vessels in plants.

Glandule (n.) A small gland or secreting vessel.

Glandulosity (n.) Quality of being glandulous; a collection of glands.

Glans (n.) The vascular body which forms the apex of the penis, and the extremity of the clitoris.

Glans (n.) The acorn or mast of the oak and similar fruits.

Glans (n.) Goiter.

Glans (n.) A pessary.

Glare (n.) A bright, dazzling light; splendor that dazzles the eyes; a confusing and bewildering light.

Glare (n.) A fierce, piercing look or stare.

Glare (n.) A viscous, transparent substance. See Glair.

Glare (n.) A smooth, bright, glassy surface; as, a glare of ice.

Glare (n.) Smooth and bright or translucent; -- used almost exclusively of ice; as, skating on glare ice.

Glariness (n.) Alt. of Glaringness

Glaringness (n.) A dazzling luster or brilliancy.

Glass-crab (n.) The larval state (Phyllosoma) of the genus Palinurus and allied genera. It is remarkable for its strange out

Glasseye (n.) A fish of the great lakes; the wall-eyed pike.

Glasseye (n.) A species of blindness in horses in which the eye is bright and the pupil dilated; a sort of amaurosis.

Glassful (n.) The contents of a glass; as much of anything as a glass will hold.

Glasshouse (n.) A house where glass is made; a commercial house that deals in glassware.

Glassiness (n.) The quality of being glassy.

Glassite (n.) A member of a Scottish sect, founded in the 18th century by John Glass, a minister of the Established Church of Scotland, who taught that justifying faith is "no more than a simple assent to the divine testimone passively recived by the understanding." The English and American adherents of this faith are called Sandemanians, after Robert Sandeman, the son-in-law and disciple of Glass.

Glass maker (n.) Alt. of Glassmaker

Glassmaker (n.) One who makes, or manufactures, glass.

Glass-rope (n.) A remarkable vitreous sponge, of the genus Hyalonema, first brought from Japan. It has a long stem, consisting of a bundle of long and large, glassy, siliceous fibers, twisted together.

Glass-snail (n.) A small, transparent, land snail, of the genus Vitrina.

Glass-snake (n.) A long, footless lizard (Ophiosaurus ventralis), of the Southern United States; -- so called from its fragility, the tail easily breaking into small pieces. It grows to the length of three feet. The name is applied also to similar species found in the Old World.

Glass-sponge (n.) A siliceous sponge, of the genus Hyalonema, and allied genera; -- so called from their glassy fibers or spicules; -- called also vitreous sponge. See Glass-rope, and Euplectella.

Glassware (n.) Ware, or articles collectively, made of glass.

Glasswork (n.) Manufacture of glass; articles or ornamentation made of glass.

Glasswort (n.) A seashore plant of the Spinach family (Salicornia herbacea), with succulent jointed stems; also, a prickly plant of the same family (Salsola Kali), both formerly burned for the sake of the ashes, which yield soda for making glass and soap.

Glasynge (n.) Glazing or glass.

Glauberite (n.) A mineral, consisting of the sulphates of soda and lime.

Glaucine (n.) An alkaloid obtained from the plant Glaucium, as a bitter, white, crystal

Glaucodot (n.) A metallic mineral having a grayish tin-white color, and containing cobalt and iron, with sulphur and arsenic.

Glaucoma (n.) Dimness or abolition of sight, with a diminution of transparency, a bluish or greenish tinge of the refracting media of the eye, and a hard inelastic condition of the eyeball, with marked increase of tension within the eyeball.

Glaucometer (n.) See Gleucometer.

Glauconite (n.) The green mineral characteristic of the greensand of the chalk and other formations. It is a hydrous silicate of iron and potash. See Greensand.

Glaucophane (n.) A mineral of a dark bluish color, related to amphibole. It is characteristic of certain crystal

Glaucosis (n.) Same as Glaucoma.

Glaucus (n.) A genus of nudibranchiate mollusks, found in the warmer latitudes, swimming in the open sea. These mollusks are beautifully colored with blue and silvery white.

Glave (n.) See Glaive.

Glaverer (n.) A flatterer.

Glaymore (n.) A claymore.

Glaze (n.) The vitreous coating of pottery or porcelain; anything used as a coating or color in glazing. See Glaze, v. t., 3.

Glazer (n.) One who applies glazing, as in pottery manufacture, etc.; one who gives a glasslike or glossy surface to anything; a calenderer or smoother of cloth, paper, and the like.

Glazer (n.) A tool or machine used in glazing, polishing, smoothing, etc.; amoung cutlers and lapidaries, a wooden wheel covered with emery, or having a band of lead and tin alloy, for polishing cutlery, etc.

Glazier (n.) One whose business is to set glass.

Glazing (n.) The act or art of setting glass; the art of covering with a vitreous or glasslike substance, or of polishing or rendering glossy.

Glazing (n.) The glass set, or to be set, in a sash, frame. etc.

Glazing (n.) The glass, glasslike, or glossy substance with which any surface is incrusted or overlaid; as, the glazing of pottery or porcelain, or of paper.

Glazing (n.) Transparent, or semitransparent, colors passed thinly over other colors, to modify the effect.

Glead (n.) A live coal. See Gleed.

Gleam (n.) A shoot of light; a small stream of light; a beam; a ray; a glimpse.

Gleam (n.) Brightness; splendor.

Glean (n.) A collection made by gleaning.

Glean (n.) Cleaning; afterbirth.

Gleaner (n.) One who gathers after reapers.

Gleaner (n.) One who gathers slowly with labor.

Gleaning (n.) The act of gathering after reapers; that which is collected by gleaning.

Glebe (n.) A lump; a clod.

Glebe (n.) Turf; soil; ground; sod.

Glebe (n.) The land belonging, or yielding revenue, to a parish church or ecclesiastical benefice.

Glebosity (n.) The quality of being glebous.

Glede (n.) A live coal.

Glee (n.) Music; minstrelsy; entertainment.

Glee (n.) Joy; merriment; mirth; gayety; paricularly, the mirth enjoyed at a feast.

Glee (n.) An unaccompanied part song for three or more solo voices. It is not necessarily gleesome.

Gleek (n.) A jest or scoff; a trick or deception.

Gleek (n.) An enticing look or glance.

Gleek (n.) A game at cards, once popular, played by three persons.

Gleek (n.) Three of the same cards held in the same hand; -- hence, three of anything.

Gleeman (n.) A name anciently given to an itinerant minstrel or musician.

Gleet (n.) A transparent mucous discharge from the membrane of the urethra, commonly an effect of gonorrhea.

Gleire (n.) Alt. of Gleyre

Gleyre (n.) See Glair.

Glen (n.) A secluded and narrow valley; a dale; a depression between hills.

Glenlivat (n.) Alt. of Glenlivet

Glenlivet (n.) A kind of Scotch whisky, named from the district in which it was first made.

Gleucometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the specific gravity and ascertaining the quantity of sugar contained in must.

Glew (n.) See Glue.

Gliadin (n.) Vegetable glue or gelatin; glutin. It is one of the constituents of wheat gluten, and is a tough, amorphous substance, which resembles animal glue or gelatin.

Glib (n.) A thick lock of hair, hanging over the eyes.

Glibness (n.) The quality of being glib.

Glicke (n.) An ogling look.

Glide (n.) The glede or kite.

Glide (n.) The act or manner of moving smoothly, swiftly, and without labor or obstruction.

Glide (n.) A transitional sound in speech which is produced by the changing of the mouth organs from one definite position to another, and with gradual change in the most frequent cases; as in passing from the begining to the end of a regular diphthong, or from vowel to consonant or consonant to vowel in a syllable, or from one component to the other of a double or diphthongal consonant (

Glider (n.) One who, or that which, glides.

Gliff (n.) A transient glance; an unexpected view of something that startles one; a sudden fear.

Gliff (n.) A moment: as, for a gliff.

Glike (n.) A sneer; a flout.

Glim (n.) Brightness; splendor.

Glim (n.) A light or candle.

Glimmer (n.) A faint, unsteady light; feeble, scattered rays of light; also, a gleam.

Glimmer (n.) Mica. See Mica.

Glimmering (n.) Faint, unsteady light; a glimmer.

Glimmering (n.) A faint view or idea; a glimpse; an inkling.

Glimpse (n.) A sudden flash; transient luster.

Glimpse (n.) A short, hurried view; a transitory or fragmentary perception; a quick sight.

Glimpse (n.) A faint idea; an inkling.

Glint (n.) A glimpse, glance, or gleam.

Glioma (n.) A tumor springing from the neuroglia or connective tissue of the brain, spinal cord, or other portions of the nervous system.

Glissade (n.) A sliding, as down a snow slope in the Alps.

Glissette (n.) The locus described by any point attached to a curve that slips continuously on another fixed curve, the movable curve having no rotation at any instant.

Glist (n.) Glimmer; mica.

Glister (n.) Glitter; luster.

Glitter (n.) A bright, sparkling light; brilliant and showy luster; brilliancy; as, the glitter of arms; the glitter of royal equipage.

Gloam (n.) The twilight; gloaming.

Gloaming (n.) Twilight; dusk; the fall of the evening.

Gloaming (n.) Sullenness; melancholy.

Globard (n.) A glowworm.

Globe (n.) A round or spherical body, solid or hollow; a body whose surface is in every part equidistant from the center; a ball; a sphere.

Globe (n.) Anything which is nearly spherical or globular in shape; as, the globe of the eye; the globe of a lamp.

Globe (n.) The earth; the terraqueous ball; -- usually preceded by the definite article.

Globe (n.) A round model of the world; a spherical representation of the earth or heavens; as, a terrestrial or celestial globe; -- called also artificial globe.

Globe (n.) A body of troops, or of men or animals, drawn up in a circle; -- a military formation used by the Romans, answering to the modern infantry square.

Globefish (n.) A plectognath fish of the genera Diodon, Tetrodon, and allied genera. The globefishes can suck in water or air and distend the body to a more or less globular form. Called also porcupine fish, and sea hedgehog. See Diodon.

Globeflower (n.) A plant of the genus Trollius (T. Europaeus), found in the mountainous parts of Europe, and producing handsome globe-shaped flowers.

Globeflower (n.) The American plant Trollius laxus.

Globigerina (n.) A genus of small Foraminifera, which live abundantly at or near the surface of the sea. Their dead shells, falling to the bottom, make up a large part of the soft mud, generally found in depths below 3,000 feet, and called globigerina ooze. See Illust. of Foraminifera.

Globosity (n.) Sphericity.

Globularity (n.) The state of being globular; globosity; sphericity.

Globularness (n.) Sphericity; globosity.

Globule (n.) A little globe; a small particle of matter, of a spherical form.

Globule (n.) A minute spherical or rounded structure; as blood, lymph, and pus corpuscles, minute fungi, spores, etc.

Globule (n.) A little pill or pellet used by homeopathists.

Globulet (n.) A little globule.

Globulimeter (n.) An instrument for measuring the number of red blood corpuscles in the blood.

Globulin (n.) An albuminous body, insoluble in water, but soluble in dilute solutions of salt. It is present in the red blood corpuscles united with haematin to form haemoglobin. It is also found in the crystal

Globulite (n.) A rudimentary form of crystallite, spherical in shape.

Glochidium (n.) The larva or young of the mussel, formerly thought to be a parasite upon the parent's gills.

Glome (n.) Gloom.

Glome (n.) One of the two prominences at the posterior extremity of the frog of the horse's foot.

Glomeration (n.) The act of forming or gathering into a ball or round mass; the state of being gathered into a ball; conglomeration.

Glomeration (n.) That which is formed into a ball; a ball.

Glomerule (n.) A head or dense cluster of flowers, formed by condensation of a cyme, as in the flowering dogwood.

Glomerule (n.) A glomerulus.

Glomerulus (n.) The bunch of looped capillary blood vessels in a Malpighian capsule of the kidney.

Glonoin (n.) Alt. of Glonoine

Glonoine (n.) Same as Nitroglycerin; -- called also oil of glonoin.

Glonoine (n.) A dilute solution of nitroglycerin used as a neurotic.

Gloom (n.) Partial or total darkness; thick shade; obscurity; as, the gloom of a forest, or of midnight.

Gloom (n.) A shady, gloomy, or dark place or grove.

Gloom (n.) Cloudiness or heaviness of mind; melancholy; aspect of sorrow; low spirits; dullness.

Gloom (n.) In gunpowder manufacture, the drying oven.

Gloominess (n.) State of being gloomy.

Glooming (n.) Twilight (of morning or evening); the gloaming.

Gloomth (n.) Gloom.

Gloria (n.) A doxology (beginning Gloria Patri, Glory be to the Father), sung or said at the end of the Psalms in the service of the Roman Catholic and other churches.

Gloria (n.) A portion of the Mass (Gloria in Excelsis Deo, Glory be to God on high), and also of the communion service in some churches. In the Episcopal Church the version in English is used.

Gloria (n.) The musical setting of a gloria.

Gloriation (n.) Boast; a triumphing.

Glorification (n.) The act of glorifyng or of giving glory to.

Glorification (n.) The state of being glorifed; as, the glorification of Christ after his resurrection.

Gloriole (n.) An aureole.

Gloriosa (n.) A genus of climbing plants with very showy lilylike blossoms, natives of India.

Glorioser (n.) A boaster.

Glorioso (n.) A boaster.

Glorious (n.) Exhibiting attributes, qualities, or acts that are worthy of or receive glory; noble; praiseworthy; excellent; splendid; illustrious; inspiring admiration; as, glorious deeds.

Glorious (n.) Eager for glory or distinction; haughty; boastful; ostentatious; vainglorious.

Glorious (n.) Ecstatic; hilarious; elated with drink.

Glory (n.) Praise, honor, admiration, or distinction, accorded by common consent to a person or thing; high reputation; honorable fame; renown.

Glory (n.) That quality in a person or thing which secures general praise or honor; that which brings or gives renown; an object of pride or boast; the occasion of praise; excellency; brilliancy; splendor.

Glory (n.) Pride; boastfulness; arrogance.

Glory (n.) The presence of the Divine Being; the manifestations of the divine nature and favor to the blessed in heaven; celestial honor; heaven.

Glory (n.) An emanation of light supposed to proceed from beings of peculiar sanctity. It is represented in art by rays of gold, or the like, proceeding from the head or body, or by a disk, or a mere

Glory (n.) To exult with joy; to rejoice.

Glory (n.) To boast; to be proud.

Gloser (n.) See Glosser.

Gloss (n.) Brightness or luster of a body proceeding from a smooth surface; polish; as, the gloss of silk; cloth is calendered to give it a gloss.

Gloss (n.) A specious appearance; superficial quality or show.

Gloss (n.) A foreign, archaic, technical, or other uncommon word requiring explanation.

Gloss (n.) An interpretation, consisting of one or more words, inter

Gloss (n.) A false or specious explanation.

Glossa (n.) The tongue, or lingua, of an insect. See Hymenoptera.

Glossanthrax (n.) A disease of horses and cattle accompanied by carbuncles in the mouth and on the tongue.

Glossarist (n.) A writer of glosses or of a glossary; a commentator; a scholiast.

Glossary (n.) A collection of glosses or explanations of words and passages of a work or author; a partial dictionary of a work, an author, a dialect, art, or science, explaining archaic, technical, or other uncommon words.

Glossator (n.) A writer of glosses or comments; a commentator.

Glosser (n.) A polisher; one who gives a luster.

Glosser (n.) A writer of glosses; a scholiast; a commentator.

Glossic (n.) A system of phonetic spelling based upon the present values of English letters, but invariably using one symbol to represent one sound only.

Glossiness (n.) The condition or quality of being glossy; the luster or brightness of a smooth surface.

Glossist (n.) A writer of comments.

Glossitis (n.) Inflammation of the tongue.

Glossocomon (n.) A kind of hoisting winch.

Glossographer (n.) A writer of a glossary; a commentator; a scholiast.

Glossography (n.) The writing of glossaries, glosses, or comments for illustrating an author.

Glossolalia (n.) Alt. of Glossolaly

Glossolaly (n.) The gift of tongues. Farrar.

Glassologist (n.) One who defines and explains terms; one who is versed in glossology.

Glossology (n.) The definition and explanation of terms; a glossary.

Glossology (n.) The science of language; comparative philology; linguistics; glottology.

Glottis (n.) The opening from the pharynx into the larynx or into the trachea. See Larynx.

Glottologist (n.) A linguist; a philologist.

Glottology (n.) The science of tongues or languages; comparative philology; glossology.

Glove (n.) A cover for the hand, or for the hand and wrist, with a separate sheath for each finger. The latter characteristic distinguishes the glove from the mitten.

Glove (n.) A boxing glove.

Glover (n.) One whose trade it is to make or sell gloves.

Glow (n.) White or red heat; incandscence.

Glow (n.) Brightness or warmth of color; redness; a rosy flush; as, the glow of health in the cheeks.

Glow (n.) Intense excitement or earnestness; vehemence or heat of passion; ardor.

Glow (n.) Heat of body; a sensation of warmth, as that produced by exercise, etc.

Glowbard (n.) The glowworm.

Glowlamp (n.) An aphlogistic lamp. See Aphlogistic.

Glowlamp (n.) An incandescent lamp. See Incandescent, a.

Glowworm (n.) A coleopterous insect of the genus Lampyris; esp., the wingless females and larvae of the two European species (L. noctiluca, and L. splendidula), which emit light from some of the abdominal segments.

Gloxinia (n.) American genus of herbaceous plants with very handsome bell-shaped blossoms; -- named after B. P. Gloxin, a German botanist.

Gloze (n.) Flattery; adulation; smooth speech.

Gloze (n.) Specious show; gloss.

Glozer (n.) A flatterer.

Glucina (n.) A white or gray tasteless powder, the oxide of the element glucinum; -- formerly called glucine.

Glucinum (n.) A rare metallic element, of a silver white color, and low specific gravity (2.1), resembling magnesium. It never occurs naturally in the free state, but is always combined, usually with silica or alumina, or both; as in the minerals phenacite, chrysoberyl, beryl or emerald, euclase, and danalite. It was named from its oxide glucina, which was known long before the element was isolated. Symbol Gl. Atomic weight 9.1. Called also beryllium.

Glucogen (n.) See Glycogen.

Glucogenesis (n.) Glycogenesis.

Glucose (n.) A variety of sugar occurring in nature very abundantly, as in ripe grapes, and in honey, and produced in great quantities from starch, etc., by the action of heat and acids. It is only about half as sweet as cane sugar. Called also dextrose, grape sugar, diabetic sugar, and starch sugar. See Dextrose.

Glucose (n.) Any one of a large class of sugars, isometric with glucose proper, and including levulose, galactose, etc.

Glucose (n.) The trade name of a sirup, obtained as an uncrystallizable reside in the manufacture of glucose proper, and containing, in addition to some dextrose or glucose, also maltose, dextrin, etc. It is used as a cheap adulterant of sirups, beers, etc.

Glucoside (n.) One of a large series of amorphous or crystal

Glucosuria (n.) A condition in which glucose is discharged in the urine; diabetes mellitus.

Glue (n.) A hard brittle brownish gelatin, obtained by boiling to a jelly the skins, hoofs, etc., of animals. When gently heated with water, it becomes viscid and tenaceous, and is used as a cement for uniting substances. The name is also given to other adhesive or viscous substances.

Glue (n.) To join with glue or a viscous substance; to cause to stick or hold fast, as if with glue; to fix or fasten.

Gluepot (n.) A utensil for melting glue, consisting of an inner pot holding the glue, immersed in an outer one containing water which is heated to soften the glue.

Gluer (n.) One who cements with glue.

Glueyness (n.) Viscidity.

Glum (n.) Sullenness.

Glume (n.) The bracteal covering of the flowers or seeds of grain and grasses; esp., an outer husk or bract of a spikelt.

Glumella (n.) Alt. of Glumelle

Glumelle (n.) One of the pelets or inner chaffy scales of the flowers or spikelets of grasses.

Glumness (n.) Moodiness; sullenness.

Glunch (n.) A sullen, angry look; a look of disdain or dislike.

Glut (n.) That which is swallowed.

Glut (n.) Plenty, to satiety or repletion; a full supply; hence, often, a supply beyond sufficiency or to loathing; over abundance; as, a glut of the market.

Glut (n.) Something that fills up an opening; a clog.

Glut (n.) A wooden wedge used in splitting blocks.

Glut (n.) A piece of wood used to fill up behind cribbing or tubbing.

Glut (n.) A bat, or small piece of brick, used to fill out a course.

Glut (n.) An arched opening to the ashpit of a klin.

Glut (n.) A block used for a fulcrum.

Glut (n.) The broad-nosed eel (Anguilla latirostris), found in Europe, Asia, the West Indies, etc.

Glutaeus (n.) The great muscle of the buttock in man and most mammals, and the corresponding muscle in many lower animals.

Glutazine (n.) A nitrogenous substance, forming a heavy, sandy powder, white or nearly so. It is a derivative of pyridine.

Gluten (n.) The viscid, tenacious substance which gives adhesiveness to dough.

Gluteus (n.) Same as Glut/us.

Glutin (n.) Same as Gliadin.

Glutin (n.) Sometimes synonymous with Gelatin.

Glutination (n.) The act of uniting with glue; sticking together.

Glutinosity (n.) The quality of being glutinous; viscousness.

Glutinousness (n.) The quality of being glutinous.

Glutton (n.) One who eats voraciously, or to excess; a gormandizer.

Glutton (n.) Fig.: One who gluts himself.

Glutton (n.) A carnivorous mammal (Gulo luscus), of the family Mustelidae, about the size of a large badger. It was formerly believed to be inordinately voracious, whence the name; the wolverene. It is a native of the northern parts of America, Europe, and Asia.

Gluttony (n.) Excess in eating; extravagant indulgence of the appetite for food; voracity.

Glycerate (n.) A salt of glyceric acid.

Glyceride (n.) A compound ether (formed from glycerin). Some glycerides exist ready formed as natural fats, others are produced artificially.

Glycerin (n.) Alt. of Glycerine

Glycerine (n.) An oily, viscous liquid, C3H5(OH)3, colorless and odorless, and with a hot, sweetish taste, existing in the natural fats and oils as the base, combined with various acids, as oleic, margaric, stearic, and palmitic. It is a triatomic alcohol, and hence is also called glycerol. See Note under Gelatin.

Glycerite (n.) A medicinal preparation made by mixing or dissolving a substance in glycerin.

Glycerol (n.) Same as Glycerin.

Clycerole (n.) Same as Glycerite.

Glyceryl (n.) A compound radical, C3H5, regarded as the essential radical of glycerin. It is metameric with allyl. Called also propenyl.

Glycide (n.) A colorless liquid, obtained from certain derivatives of glycerin, and regarded as a partially dehydrated glycerin; -- called also glycidic alcohol.

Glycin (n.) Same as Glycocoll.

Glycocholate (n.) A salt of glycocholic acid; as, sodium glycocholate.

Glycocin (n.) Same as Glycocoll.

Glycocoll (n.) A crystal

Glycogen (n.) A white, amorphous, tasteless substance resembling starch, soluble in water to an opalescent fluid. It is found abundantly in the liver of most animals, and in small quantity in other organs and tissues, particularly in the embryo. It is quickly changed into sugar when boiled with dilute sulphuric or hydrochloric acid, and also by the action of amylolytic ferments.

Glycogeny (n.) Alt. of Glycogenesis

Glycogenesis (n.) The production or formation of sugar from gycogen, as in the liver.

Glycol (n.) A thick, colorless liquid, C2H4(OH)2, of a sweetish taste, produced artificially from certain ethylene compounds. It is a diacid alcohol, intermediate between ordinary ethyl alcohol and glycerin.

Glycol (n.) Any one of the large class of diacid alcohols, of which glycol proper is the type.

Glycolide (n.) A white amorphous powder, C4H4O, obtained by heating and dehydrating glycolic acid.

Glycoluril (n.) A white, crystal

Glycolyl (n.) A divalent, compound radical, CO.CH2, regarded as the essential radical of glycolic acid, and a large series of related compounds.

Glyconic (n.) A glyconic verse.

Glyconin (n.) An emulsion of glycerin and the yolk of eggs, used as an ointment, as a vehicle for medicines, etc.

Glycosine (n.) An organic base, C6H6N4, produced artificially as a white, crystal

Glycosuria (n.) Same as Glucosuria.

Glycyrrhiza (n.) A genus of papilionaceous herbaceous plants, one species of which (G. glabra), is the licorice plant, the roots of which have a bittersweet mucilaginous taste.

Glycyrrhiza (n.) The root of Glycyrrhiza glabra (liquorice root), used as a demulcent, etc.

Glycyrrhizin (n.) A glucoside found in licorice root (Glycyrrhiza), in monesia bark (Chrysophyllum), in the root of the walnut, etc., and extracted as a yellow, amorphous powder, of a bittersweet taste.

Glyn (n.) Alt. of Glynne

Glynne (n.) A glen. See Glen. [Obs. singly, but occurring often in locative names in Ireland, as Glen does in Scotland.]

Glyoxal (n.) A white, amorphous, deliquescent powder, (CO.H)2, obtained by the partial oxidation of glycol. It is a double aldehyde, between glycol and oxalic acid.


Glyoxime (n.) A white, crystal

Glyph (n.) A sunken channel or groove, usually vertical. See Triglyph.

Glyphograph (n.) A plate made by glyphography, or an impression taken from such a plate.

Glyphography (n.) A process similar to etching, in which, by means of voltaic electricity, a raised copy of a drawing is made, so that it can be used to print from.

Glyptics (n.) The art of engraving on precious stones.

Glyptodon (n.) An extinct South American quaternary mammal, allied to the armadillos. It was as large as an ox, was covered with tessellated scales, and had fluted teeth.

Glyptodont (n.) One of a family (Glyptodontidae) of extinct South American edentates, of which Glyptodon is the type. About twenty species are known.

Glyptography (n.) The art or process of engraving on precious stones.

Glyptotheca (n.) A building or room devoted to works of sculpture.

Glyster (n.) Same as Clyster.

Gmelinite (n.) A rhombohedral zeolitic mineral, related in form and composition to chabazite.

Gnaphalium (n.) A genus of composite plants with white or colored dry and persistent involucres; a kind of everlasting.

Gnar (n.) A knot or gnarl in wood; hence, a tough, thickset man; -- written also gnarr.

Gnarl (n.) a knot in wood; a large or hard knot, or a protuberance with twisted grain, on a tree.

Gnat (n.) A blood-sucking dipterous fly, of the genus Culex, undergoing a metamorphosis in water. The females have a proboscis armed with needlelike organs for penetrating the skin of animals. These are wanting in the males. In America they are generally called mosquitoes. See Mosquito.

Gnat (n.) Any fly resembling a Culex in form or habits; esp., in America, a small biting fly of the genus Simulium and allies, as the buffalo gnat, the black fly, etc.

Gnathidium (n.) The ramus of the lower jaw of a bird as far as it is naked; -- commonly used in the plural.

Gnathite (n.) Any one of the mouth appendages of the Arthropoda. They are known as mandibles, maxillae, and maxillipeds.

Gnathopod (n.) A gnathopodite or maxilliped. See Maxilliped.

Gnathopodite (n.) Any leglike appendage of a crustacean, when modified wholly, or in part, to serve as a jaw, esp. one of the maxillipeds.

Gnathastegite (n.) One of a pair of broad plates, developed from the outer maxillipeds of crabs, and forming a cover for the other mouth organs.

Gnathotheca (n.) The horney covering of the lower mandible of a bird.

Gnatling (n.) A small gnat.

Gnatworm (n.) The aquatic larva of a gnat; -- called also, colloquially, wiggler.

Gnawer (n.) One who, or that which, gnaws.

Gnawer (n.) A rodent.

Gneiss (n.) A crystal

Gnof (n.) Churl; curmudgeon.

Gnome (n.) An imaginary being, supposed by the Rosicrucians to inhabit the inner parts of the earth, and to be the guardian of mines, quarries, etc.

Gnome (n.) A dwarf; a goblin; a person of small stature or misshapen features, or of strange appearance.

Gnome (n.) A small owl (Glaucidium gnoma) of the Western United States.

Gnome (n.) A brief reflection or maxim.

Gnomology (n.) A collection of, or a treatise on, maxims, grave sentences, or reflections.

Gnomon (n.) The style or pin, which by its shadow, shows the hour of the day. It is usually set parallel to the earth's axis.

Gnomon (n.) A style or column erected perpendicularly to the horizon, formerly used in astronomocal observations. Its principal use was to find the altitude of the sun by measuring the length of its shadow.

Gnomon (n.) The space included between the boundary

Gnomon (n.) The index of the hour circle of a globe.

Gnomonics (n.) The art or science of dialing, or of constructing dials to show the hour of the day by the shadow of a gnomon.

Gnomonist (n.) One skilled in gnomonics.

Gnomonology (n.) A treatise on gnomonics.

Gnoscopine (n.) An alkaloid existing in small quantities in opium.

Gnosis (n.) The deeper wisdom; knowledge of spiritual truth, such as was claimed by the Gnostics.

Gnostic (n.) One of the so-called philosophers in the first ages of Christianity, who claimed a true philosophical interpretation of the Christian religion. Their system combined Oriental theology and Greek philosophy with the doctrines of Christianity. They held that all natures, intelligible, intellectual, and material, are derived from the Deity by successive emanations, which they called Eons.

Gnosticism (n.) The system of philosophy taught by the Gnostics.

Gnu (n.) One of two species of large South African antelopes of the genus Catoblephas, having a mane and bushy tail, and curved horns in both sexes.

Go (n.) Act; working; operation.

Go (n.) A circumstance or occurrence; an incident.

Go (n.) The fashion or mode; as, quite the go.

Go (n.) Noisy merriment; as, a high go.

Go (n.) A glass of spirits.

Go (n.) Power of going or doing; energy; vitality; perseverance; push; as, there is no go in him.

Go (n.) That condition in the course of the game when a player can not lay down a card which will not carry the aggregate count above thirty-one.

Goa (n.) A species of antelope (Procapra picticauda), inhabiting Thibet.

Goaf (n.) That part of a mine from which the mineral has been partially or wholly removed; the waste left in old workings; -- called also gob .

Goal (n.) The mark set to bound a race, and to or around which the constestants run, or from which they start to return to it again; the place at which a race or a journey is to end.

Goal (n.) The final purpose or aim; the end to which a design tends, or which a person aims to reach or attain.

Goal (n.) A base, station, or bound used in various games; in football, a

Goar (n.) Same as lst Gore.

Goat (n.) A hollow-horned ruminant of the genus Capra, of several species and varieties, esp. the domestic goat (C. hircus), which is raised for its milk, flesh, and skin.

Goatee (n.) A part of a man's beard on the chin or lower lip which is allowed to grow, and trimmed so as to resemble the beard of a goat.

Goatfish (n.) A fish of the genus Upeneus, inhabiting the Gulf of Mexico. It is allied to the surmullet.

Goatherd (n.) One who tends goats.

Goatskin (n.) The skin of a goat, or leather made from it.

Goatsucker (n.) One of several species of insectivorous birds, belonging to Caprimulgus and allied genera, esp. the European species (Caprimulgus Europaeus); -- so called from the mistaken notion that it sucks goats. The European species is also goat-milker, goat owl, goat chaffer, fern owl, night hawk, nightjar, night churr, churr-owl, gnat hawk, and dorhawk.

Goaves (n.) Old workings. See Goaf.

Gob (n.) Same as Goaf.

Gob (n.) A little mass or collection; a small quantity; a mouthful.

Gob (n.) The mouth.

Gobbet (n.) A mouthful; a lump; a small piece.

Gobbing (n.) The refuse thrown back into the excavation after removing the coal. It is called also gob stuff.

Gobbing (n.) The process of packing with waste rock; stowing.

Gobble (n.) A noise made in the throat.

Gobbler (n.) A turkey cock; a bubbling Jock.

Gobemouche (n.) Literally, a fly swallower; hence, once who keeps his mouth open; a boor; a silly and credulous person.

Gobet (n.) See Gobbet.

Go-between (n.) An intermediate agent; a broker; a procurer; -- usually in a disparaging sense.

Gobioid (n.) A gobioid fish.

Goblet (n.) A kind of cup or drinking vessel having a foot or standard, but without a handle.

Goblin (n.) An evil or mischievous spirit; a playful or malicious elf; a frightful phantom; a gnome.


Goby (n.) One of several species of small marine fishes of the genus Gobius and allied genera.

Go-by (n.) A passing without notice; intentional neglect; thrusting away; a shifting off; adieu; as, to give a proposal the go-by.

Gocart (n.) A framework moving on casters, designed to support children while learning to walk.

God (n.) A being conceived of as possessing supernatural power, and to be propitiated by sacrifice, worship, etc.; a divinity; a deity; an object of worship; an idol.

God (n.) The Supreme Being; the eternal and infinite Spirit, the Creator, and the Sovereign of the universe; Jehovah.

God (n.) A person or thing deified and honored as the chief good; an object of supreme regard.

God (n.) Figuratively applied to one who wields great or despotic power.

Godchild (n.) One for whom a person becomes sponsor at baptism, and whom he promises to see educated as a Christian; a godson or goddaughter. See Godfather.

Goddaughter (n.) A female for whom one becomes sponsor at baptism.

Goddess (n.) A female god; a divinity, or deity, of the female sex.

Goddess (n.) A woman of superior charms or excellence.

Godfather (n.) A man who becomes sponsor for a child at baptism, and makes himself a surety for its Christian training and instruction.

Godhead (n.) Godship; deity; divinity; divine nature or essence; godhood.

Godhead (n.) The Deity; God; the Supreme Being.

Godhead (n.) A god or goddess; a divinity.

Godhood (n.) Divine nature or essence; deity; godhead.


Godling (n.) A diminutive god.

Godly (n.) Pious; reverencing God, and his character and laws; obedient to the commands of God from love for, and reverence of, his character; conformed to God's law; devout; righteous; as, a godly life.

Godlyhead (n.) Goodness.

Godmother (n.) A woman who becomes sponsor for a child in baptism. See Godfather

Godown (n.) A warehouse.

Godroon (n.) An ornament produced by notching or carving a rounded molding.

Godsend (n.) Something sent by God; an unexpected acquisiton or piece of good fortune.

Godship (n.) The rank or character of a god; deity; divinity; a god or goddess.

Godsib (n.) A gossip.

Godson (n.) A male for whom one has stood sponsor in baptism. See Godfather.

Godspeed (n.) Success; prosperous journeying; -- a contraction of the phrase, "God speed you."

Godwit (n.) One of several species of long-billed, wading birds of the genus Limosa, and family Tringidae. The European black-tailed godwit (Limosa limosa), the American marbled godwit (L. fedoa), the Hudsonian godwit (L. haemastica), and others, are valued as game birds. Called also godwin.

Goeland (n.) A white tropical tern (Cygis candida).

Goemin (n.) A complex mixture of several substances extracted from Irish moss.

Goer (n.) One who, or that which, goes; a runner or walker

Goer (n.) A foot.

Goer (n.) A horse, considered in reference to his gait; as, a good goer; a safe goer.

Goety (n.) Invocation of evil spirits; witchcraft.

Goff (n.) A silly clown.

Goff (n.) A game. See Golf.

Gog (n.) Haste; ardent desire to go.

Goggle-eye (n.) One of two or more species of American fresh-water fishes of the family Centrarchidae, esp. Chaenobryttus antistius, of Lake Michigan and adjacent waters, and Ambloplites rupestris, of the Great Lakes and Mississippi Valley; -- so called from their prominent eyes.

Goggle-eye (n.) The goggler.

Goggler (n.) A carangoid oceanic fish (Trachurops crumenophthalmus), having very large and prominent eyes; -- called also goggle-eye, big-eyed scad, and cicharra.

Goglet (n.) See Gurglet.

Going (n.) The act of moving in any manner; traveling; as, the going is bad.

Going (n.) Departure.

Going (n.) Pregnancy; gestation; childbearing.

Going (n.) Course of life; behavior; doings; ways.

Goiter (n.) Alt. of Goitre

Goitre (n.) An enlargement of the thyroid gland, on the anterior part of the neck; bronchocele. It is frequently associated with cretinism, and is most common in mountainous regions, especially in certain parts of Switzerland.

Gold (n.) Alt. of Goolde

Golde (n.) Alt. of Goolde

Goolde (n.) An old English name of some yellow flower, -- the marigold (Calendula), according to Dr. Prior, but in Chaucer perhaps the turnsole.

Gold-beating (n.) The art or process of reducing gold to extremely thin leaves, by beating with a hammer.

Goldcrest (n.) The European golden-crested kinglet (Regulus cristatus, or R. regulus); -- called also golden-crested wren, and golden wren. The name is also sometimes applied to the American golden-crested kinglet. See Kinglet.

Goldcup (n.) The cuckoobud.

Golden-eye (n.) A duck (Glaucionetta clangula), found in Northern Europe, Asia, and America. The American variety (var. Americana) is larger. Called whistler, garrot, gowdy, pied widgeon, whiteside, curre, and doucker. Barrow's golden-eye of America (G. Islandica) is less common.

Golden-rod (n.) A tall herb (Solidago Virga-aurea), bearing yellow flowers in a graceful elongated cluster. The name is common to all the species of the genus Solidago.

Goldfinch (n.) A beautiful bright-colored European finch (Carduelis elegans). The name refers to the large patch of yellow on the wings. The front of the head and throat are bright red; the nape, with part of the wings and tail, black; -- called also goldspink, goldie, fool's coat, drawbird, draw-water, thistle finch, and sweet William.

Goldfinch (n.) The yellow-hammer.

Goldfinch (n.) A small American finch (Spinus tristis); the thistle bird.

Goldfinny (n.) One of two or more species of European labroid fishes (Crenilabrus melops, and Ctenolabrus rupestris); -- called also goldsinny, and goldney.

Goldfish (n.) A small domesticated cyprinoid fish (Carassius auratus); -- so named from its color. It is native of China, and is said to have been introduced into Europe in 1691. It is often kept as an ornament, in small ponds or glass globes. Many varieties are known. Called also golden fish, and golden carp. See Telescope fish, under Telescope.

Goldfish (n.) A California marine fish of an orange or red color; the garibaldi.

Gold-hammer (n.) The yellow-hammer.

Goldie (n.) The European goldfinch.

Goldie (n.) The yellow-hammer.

Goldilocks (n.) Same as Goldylocks.

Goldin (n.) Alt. of Golding

Golding (n.) A conspicuous yellow flower, commonly the corn marigold (Chrysanthemum segetum).

Goldney (n.) See Gilthead.

Goldseed (n.) Dog's-tail grass.

Goldsinny (n.) See Goldfinny.

Goldsmith (n.) An artisan who manufactures vessels and ornaments, etc., of gold.

Goldsmith (n.) A banker.

Goldtit (n.) See Verdin.

Goldylocks (n.) A plant of several species of the genus Chrysocoma; -- so called from the tufts of yellow flowers which terminate the stems; also, the Ranunculus auricomus, a kind of buttercup.

Golet (n.) The gullet.

Golet (n.) A California trout. See Malma.

Golf (n.) A game played with a small ball and a bat or club crooked at the lower end. He who drives the ball into each of a series of small holes in the ground and brings it into the last hole with the fewest strokes is the winner.

Golfer (n.) One who plays golf.

Golgotha (n.) Calvary. See the Note under Calvary.

Goliard (n.) A buffoon in the Middle Ages, who attended rich men's tables to make sport for the guests by ribald stories and songs.

Goliardery (n.) The satirical or ribald poetry of the Goliards.

Goll (n.) A hand, paw, or claw.

Goloe-shoe (n.) A galoche.

Golore (n.) See Galore.

Goloshe (n.) See Galoche.

Goltschut (n.) A small ingot of gold.

Goltschut (n.) A silver ingot, used in Japan as money.

Golyardeys (n.) A buffoon. See Gollard.

Goman (n.) A husband; a master of a family.

Gomarist (n.) Alt. of Gomarite

Gomarite (n.) One of the followers of Francis Gomar or Gomarus, a Dutch disciple of Calvin in the 17th century, who strongly opposed the Arminians.

Gombo (n.) See Gumbo.

Gome (n.) A man.

Gome (n.) The black grease on the axle of a cart or wagon wheel; -- called also gorm. See Gorm.

Gomer (n.) A Hebrew measure. See Homer.

Gomer (n.) A conical chamber at the breech of the bore in heavy ordnance, especially in mortars; -- named after the inventor.

Gommelin (n.) See Dextrin.

Gomphiasis (n.) A disease of the teeth, which causes them to loosen and fall out of their sockets.

Gomphosis (n.) A form of union or immovable articulation where a hard part is received into the cavity of a bone, as the teeth into the jaws.

Gomuti (n.) A black, fibrous substance resembling horsehair, obtained from the leafstalks of two kinds of palms, Metroxylon Sagu, and Arenga saccharifera, of the Indian islands. It is used for making cordage. Called also ejoo.

Gonad (n.) One of the masses of generative tissue primitively alike in both sexes, but giving rise to either an ovary or a testis; a generative gland; a germ gland.

Gonakie (n.) An African timber tree (Acacia Adansonii).

Gonangium (n.) See Gonotheca.

Gondola (n.) A long, narrow boat with a high prow and stern, used in the canals of Venice. A gondola is usually propelled by one or two oarsmen who stand facing the prow, or by poling. A gondola for passengers has a small open cabin amidships, for their protection against the sun or rain. A sumptuary law of Venice required that gondolas should be painted black, and they are customarily so painted now.

Gondola (n.) A flat-bottomed boat for freight.

Gondola (n.) A long platform car, either having no sides or with very low sides, used on railroads.

Gondolet (n.) A small gondola.

Gondolier (n.) A man who rows a gondola.

Goneness (n.) A state of exhaustion; faintness, especially as resulting from hunger.

Gonfalon (n.) Alt. of Gonfanon

Gonfanon (n.) The ensign or standard in use by certain princes or states, such as the mediaeval republics of Italy, and in more recent times by the pope.

Gonfanon (n.) A name popularly given to any flag which hangs from a crosspiece or frame instead of from the staff or the mast itself.

Gonfalonier (n.) He who bears the gonfalon; a standard bearer

Gonfalonier (n.) An officer at Rome who bears the standard of the Church.

Gonfalonier (n.) The chief magistrate of any one of several republics in mediaeveal Italy.

Gonfalonier (n.) A Turkish general, and standard keeper.

Gong (n.) A privy or jakes.

Gong (n.) An instrument, first used in the East, made of an alloy of copper and tin, shaped like a disk with upturned rim, and producing, when struck, a harsh and resounding noise.

Gong (n.) A flat saucerlike bell, rung by striking it with a small hammer which is connected with it by various mechanical devices; a stationary bell, used to sound calls or alarms; -- called also gong bell.

Goniatite (n.) One of an extinct genus of fossil cephalopods, allied to the Ammonites. The earliest forms are found in the Devonian formation, the latest, in the Triassic.

Gonidium (n.) A special groove or furrow at one or both angles of the mouth of many Anthozoa.

Gonidium (n.) A component cell of the yellowish green layer in certain lichens.

Goniometer (n.) An instrument for measuring angles, especially the angles of crystals, or the inclination of planes.

Goniometry (n.) The art of measuring angles; trigonometry.

Gonoblastid (n.) A reproductive bud of a hydroid; a simple gonophore.

Gonoblastidium (n.) A blastostyle.

Gonocalyx (n.) The bell of a sessile gonozooid.

Gonochorism (n.) Separation of the sexes in different individuals; -- opposed to hermaphroditism.

Gonochorism (n.) In ontogony, differentiation of male and female individuals from embryos having the same rudimentary sexual organs.

Gonochorism (n.) In phylogeny, the evolution of distinct sexes in species previously hermaphrodite or sexless.

Gonococcus (n.) A vegetable microorganism of the genus Micrococcus, occurring in the secretion in gonorrhea. It is believed by some to constitute the cause of this disease.

Gonoph (n.) A pickpocket or thief.

Gonophore (n.) A sexual zooid produced as a medusoid bud upon a hydroid, sometimes becoming a free hydromedusa, sometimes remaining attached. See Hydroidea, and Illusts. of Athecata, Campanularian, and Gonosome.

Gonophore (n.) A lengthened receptacle, bearing the stamens and carpels in a conspicuous manner.

Gonorrhea (n.) Alt. of Gonorrhoea

Gonorrhoea (n.) A contagious inflammatory disease of the genitourinary tract, affecting especially the urethra and vagina, and characterized by a mucopurulent discharge, pain in urination, and chordee; clap.

Gonosome (n.) The reproductive zooids of a hydroid colony, collectively.

Gonotheca (n.) A capsule developed on certain hydroids (Thecaphora), inclosing the blastostyle upon which the medusoid buds or gonophores are developed; -- called also gonangium, and teleophore. See Hydroidea, and Illust. of Campanularian.

Gonozooid (n.) A sexual zooid, or medusoid bud of a hydroid; a gonophore. See Hydroidea, and Illust. of Campanularian.

Gonys (n.) The keel or lower out

Goober (n.) A peanut.

Good (n.) That which possesses desirable qualities, promotes success, welfare, or happiness, is serviceable, fit, excellent, kind, benevolent, etc.; -- opposed to evil.

Good (n.) Advancement of interest or happiness; welfare; prosperity; advantage; benefit; -- opposed to harm, etc.

Good (n.) Wares; commodities; chattels; -- formerly used in the singular in a collective sense. In law, a comprehensive name for almost all personal property as distinguished from land or real property.

Good-fellowship (n.) Agreeable companionship; companionableness.

Goodgeon (n.) Same as Gudgeon, 5.


Goodlyhead (n.) Alt. of Goodlyhood

Goodlyhood (n.) Goodness; grace; good

Goodman (n.) A familiar appellation of civility, equivalent to "My friend", "Good sir", "Mister;" -- sometimes used ironically.

Goodman (n.) A husband; the master of a house or family; -- often used in speaking familiarly.

Goodness (n.) The quality of being good in any of its various senses; excellence; virtue; kindness; benevolence; as, the goodness of timber, of a soil, of food; goodness of character, of disposition, of conduct, etc.

Goodship (n.) Favor; grace.

Goodwife (n.) The mistress of a house.

Goody (n.) A bonbon, cake, or the like; -- usually in the pl.

Goody (n.) An American fish; the lafayette or spot.

Goody (n.) Goodwife; -- a low term of civility or sport.

Gode-year (n.) The venereal disease; -- often used as a mild oath.

Goodyship (n.) The state or quality of a goody or goodwife

Gooroo (n.) Alt. of Guru

Guru (n.) A spiritual teacher, guide, or confessor amoung the Hindoos.

Goosander (n.) A species of merganser (M. merganser) of Northern Europe and America; -- called also merganser, dundiver, sawbill, sawneb, shelduck, and sheldrake. See Merganser.

Goose (n.) Any large web-footen bird of the subfamily Anserinae, and belonging to Anser, Branta, Chen, and several allied genera. See Anseres.

Goose (n.) Any large bird of other related families, resembling the common goose.

Goose (n.) A tailor's smoothing iron, so called from its handle, which resembles the neck of a goose.

Goose (n.) A silly creature; a simpleton.

Goose (n.) A game played with counters on a board divided into compartments, in some of which a goose was depicted.

Goosefish (n.) See Angler.

Goosefoot (n.) A genus of herbs (Chenopodium) mostly annual weeds; pigweed.

Goosery (n.) A place for keeping geese.

Goosery (n.) The characteristics or actions of a goose; sil

Goosewing (n.) One of the clews or lower corners of a course or a topsail when the middle part or the rest of the sail is furled.

Goost (n.) Ghost; spirit.

Goot (n.) A goat.

Go-out (n.) A sluice in embankments against the sea, for letting out the land waters, when the tide is out.

Gopher (n.) One of several North American burrowing rodents of the genera Geomys and Thomomys, of the family Geomyidae; -- called also pocket gopher and pouched rat. See Pocket gopher, and Tucan.

Gopher (n.) One of several western American species of the genus Spermophilus, of the family Sciuridae; as, the gray gopher (Spermophilus Franklini) and the striped gopher (S. tridecem

Gopher (n.) A large land tortoise (Testudo Carilina) of the Southern United States, which makes extensive burrows.

Gopher (n.) A large burrowing snake (Spilotes Couperi) of the Southern United States.

Goracco (n.) A paste prepared from tobacco, and smoked in hookahs in Western India.

Goral (n.) An Indian goat antelope (Nemorhedus goral), resembling the chamois.

Goramy (n.) Same as Gourami.

Gor-belly (n.) A prominent belly; a big-bellied person.

Gorce (n.) A pool of water to keep fish in; a wear.

Gorcock (n.) The moor cock, or red grouse. See Grouse.

Gorcrow (n.) The carrion crow; -- called also gercrow.

Gord (n.) An instrument of gaming; a sort of dice.

Gordian (n.) One of the Gordiacea.

Gordius (n.) A genus of long, slender, nematoid worms, parasitic in insects until near maturity, when they leave the insect, and live in water, in which they deposit their eggs; -- called also hair eel, hairworm, and hair snake, from the absurd, but common and widely diffused, notion that they are metamorphosed horsehairs.

Gore (n.) Dirt; mud.

Gore (n.) Blood; especially, blood that after effusion has become thick or clotted.

Gorebill (n.) The garfish.

Gorfly (n.) A dung fly.

Gorge (n.) The throat; the gullet; the canal by which food passes to the stomach.

Gorge (n.) A narrow passage or entrance

Gorge (n.) A defile between mountains.

Gorge (n.) The entrance into a bastion or other outwork of a fort; -- usually synonymous with rear. See Illust. of Bastion.

Gorge (n.) That which is gorged or swallowed, especially by a hawk or other fowl.

Gorge (n.) A filling or choking of a passage or channel by an obstruction; as, an ice gorge in a river.

Gorge (n.) A concave molding; a cavetto.

Gorge (n.) The groove of a pulley.

Gorge (n.) To swallow; especially, to swallow with greediness, or in large mouthfuls or quantities.

Gorge (n.) To glut; to fill up to the throat; to satiate.

Gorgelet (n.) A small gorget, as of a humming bird.

Gorgeous (n.) Imposing through splendid or various colors; showy; fine; magnificent.

Gorgerin (n.) In some columns, that part of the capital between the termination of the shaft and the annulet of the echinus, or the space between two neck moldings; -- called also neck of the capital, and hypotrachelium. See Illust. of Column.

Gorget (n.) A piece of armor, whether of chain mail or of plate, defending the throat and upper part of the breast, and forming a part of the double breastplate of the 14th century.

Gorget (n.) A piece of plate armor covering the same parts and worn over the buff coat in the 17th century, and without other steel armor.

Gorget (n.) A small ornamental plate, usually crescent-shaped, and of gilded copper, formerly hung around the neck of officers in full uniform in some modern armies.

Gorget (n.) A ruff worn by women.

Gorget (n.) A cutting instrument used in lithotomy.

Gorget (n.) A grooved instrunent used in performing various operations; -- called also blunt gorget.

Gorget (n.) A crescent-shaped, colored patch on the neck of a bird or mammal.

Gorgon (n.) One of three fabled sisters, Stheno, Euryale, and Medusa, with snaky hair and of terrific aspect, the sight of whom turned the beholder to stone. The name is particularly given to Medusa.

Gorgon (n.) Anything very ugly or horrid.

Gorgon (n.) The brindled gnu. See Gnu.

Gorgoneion (n.) A mask carved in imitation of a Gorgon's head.

Gorgonia (n.) A genus of Gorgoniacea, formerly very extensive, but now restricted to such species as the West Indian sea fan (Gorgonia flabellum), sea plume (G. setosa), and other allied species having a flexible, horny axis.

Gorgonia (n.) Any slender branched gorgonian.

Gorgonian (n.) One of the Gorgoniacea.

Gorhen (n.) The female of the gorcock.

Gorilla (n.) A large, arboreal, anthropoid ape of West Africa. It is larger than a man, and is remarkable for its massive skeleton and powerful muscles, which give it enormous strength. In some respects its anatomy, more than that of any other ape, except the chimpanzee, resembles that of man.

Goring (n.) Alt. of Goring cloth

Goring cloth (n.) A piece of canvas cut obliquely to widen a sail at the foot.

Gorm (n.) Axle grease. See Gome.

Gorma (n.) The European cormorant.

Gormand (n.) A greedy or ravenous eater; a luxurious feeder; a gourmand.

Gormander (n.) See Gormand, n.

Gormandism (n.) Gluttony.

Gormandizer (n.) A greedy, voracious eater; a gormand; a glutton.

Gorse (n.) Furze. See Furze.

Goshawk (n.) Any large hawk of the genus Astur, of which many species and varieties are known. The European (Astur palumbarius) and the American (A. atricapillus) are the best known species. They are noted for their powerful flight, activity, and courage. The Australian goshawk (A. Novae-Hollandiae) is pure white.

Gosherd (n.) One who takes care of geese.

Goslet (n.) One of several species of pygmy geese, of the genus Nettepus. They are about the size of a teal, and inhabit Africa, India, and Australia.

Gosling (n.) A young or unfledged goose.

Gosling (n.) A catkin on nut trees and pines.

Gospeler (n.) One of the four evangelists.

Gospeler (n.) A follower of Wyclif, the first English religious reformer; hence, a Puritan.

Gospeler (n.) A priest or deacon who reads the gospel at the altar during the communion service.

Goss (n.) Gorse.

Gossamer (n.) A fine, filmy substance, like cobwebs, floating in the air, in calm, clear weather, especially in autumn. It is seen in stubble fields and on furze or low bushes, and is formed by small spiders.

Gossamer (n.) Any very thin gauzelike fabric; also, a thin waterproof stuff.

Gossamer (n.) An outer garment, made of waterproof gossamer.

Gossan (n.) Decomposed rock, usually reddish or ferruginous (owing to oxidized pyrites), forming the upper part of a metallic vein.

Gossat (n.) A small British marine fish (Motella tricirrata); -- called also whistler and three-bearded rockling.

Gossib (n.) A gossip.

Gossip (n.) A sponsor; a godfather or a godmother.

Gossip (n.) A friend or comrade; a companion; a familiar and customary acquaintance.

Gossip (n.) One who runs house to house, tattling and telling news; an idle tattler.

Gossip (n.) The tattle of a gossip; groundless rumor.

Gossiper (n.) One given to gossip.

Gossiprede (n.) The relationship between a person and his sponsors.

Gossipry (n.) Spiritual relationship or affinity; gossiprede; special intimacy.

Gossipry (n.) Idle talk; gossip.

Gossoon (n.) A boy; a servant.

Gossypium (n.) A genus of plants which yield the cotton of the arts. The species are much confused. G. herbaceum is the name given to the common cotton plant, while the long-stapled sea-island cotton is produced by G. Barbadense, a shrubby variety. There are several other kinds besides these.

Gote (n.) A channel for water.

Goter (n.) a gutter.

Goth (n.) One of an ancient Teutonic race, who dwelt between the Elbe and the Vistula in the early part of the Christian era, and who overran and took an important part in subverting the Roman empire.

Goth (n.) One who is rude or uncivilized; a barbarian; a rude, ignorant person.

Gothamist (n.) A wiseacre; a person deficient in wisdom; -- so called from Gotham, in Nottinghamshire, England, noted for some pleasant blunders.

Gothamite (n.) A gothamist.

Gothamite (n.) An inhabitant of New York city.

Gothic (n.) The language of the Goths; especially, the language of that part of the Visigoths who settled in Moesia in the 4th century. See Goth.

Gothic (n.) A kind of square-cut type, with no hair

Gothic (n.) The style described in Gothic, a., 2.

Gothicism (n.) A Gothic idiom.

Gothicism (n.) Conformity to the Gothic style of architecture.

Gothicism (n.) Rudeness of manners; barbarousness.

Gothite (n.) Alt. of Goethite

Goethite (n.) A hydrous oxide of iron, occurring in prismatic crystals, also massive, with a fibrous, reniform, or stalactitic structure. The color varies from yellowish to blackish brown.

Gouache (n.) A method of painting with opaque colors, which have been ground in water and mingled with a preparation of gum; also, a picture thus painted.

Goud (n.) Woad.

Goudron (n.) a small fascine or fagot, steeped in wax, pitch, and glue, used in various ways, as for igniting buildings or works, or to light ditches and ramparts.

Gouge (n.) A chisel, with a hollow or semicylindrical blade, for scooping or cutting holes, channels, or grooves, in wood, stone, etc.; a similar instrument, with curved edge, for turning wood.

Gouge (n.) A bookbinder's tool for blind tooling or gilding, having a face which forms a curve.

Gouge (n.) An incising tool which cuts forms or blanks for gloves, envelopes, etc. from leather, paper, etc.

Gouge (n.) Soft material lying between the wall of a vein aud the solid vein.

Gouge (n.) The act of scooping out with a gouge, or as with a gouge; a groove or cavity scooped out, as with a gouge.

Gouge (n.) Imposition; cheat; fraud; also, an impostor; a cheat; a trickish person.

Gouger (n.) See Plum Gouger.

Gougeshell (n.) A sharp-edged, tubular, marine shell, of the genus Vermetus; also, the pinna. See Vermetus.

Goujere (n.) The venereal disease.

Gouland (n.) See Golding.

Gour (n.) A fire worshiper; a Gheber or Gueber.

Gour (n.) See Koulan.

Goura (n.) One of several species of large, crested ground pigeons of the genus Goura, inhabiting New Guinea and adjacent islands. The Queen Victoria pigeon (Goura Victoria) and the crowned pigeon (G. coronata) are among the beat known species.

Gourami (n.) A very largo East Indian freshwater fish (Osphromenus gorami), extensively reared in artificial ponds in tropical countries, and highly valued as a food fish. Many unsuccessful efforts have been made to introduce it into Southern Europe.

Gourd (n.) A fleshy, three-celled, many-seeded fruit, as the melon, pumpkin, cucumber, etc., of the order Cucurbitaceae; and especially the bottle gourd (Lagenaria vulgaris) which occurs in a great variety of forms, and, when the interior part is removed, serves for bottles, dippers, cups, and other dishes.

Gourd (n.) A dipper or other vessel made from the shell of a gourd; hence, a drinking vessel; a bottle.

Gourd (n.) A false die. See Gord.

Gourd (n.) Alt. of Gourde

Gourde (n.) A silver dollar; -- so called in Cuba, Hayti, etc.

Gourdiness (n.) The state of being gourdy.

Gourdworm (n.) The fluke of sheep. See Fluke.

Gourmand (n.) A greedy or ravenous eater; a glutton. See Gormand.

Gourmet (n.) A connoisseur in eating and drinking; an epicure.

Gournet (n.) A fish. See Gurnet.

Gout (n.) A drop; a clot or coagulation.

Gout (n.) A constitutional disease, occurring by paroxysms. It consists in an inflammation of the fibrous and ligamentous parts of the joints, and almost always attacks first the great toe, next the smaller joints, after which it may attack the greater articulations. It is attended with various sympathetic phenomena, particularly in the digestive organs. It may also attack internal organs, as the stomach, the intestines, etc.

Gout (n.) A disease of cornstalks. See Corn fly, under Corn.

Gout (n.) Taste; relish.

Goutiness (n.) The state of being gouty; gout.

Goutweed (n.) Alt. of Goutwort

Goutwort (n.) A coarse umbelliferous plant of Europe (Aegopodium Podagraria); -- called also bishop's weed, ashweed, and herb gerard.

Gove (n.) A mow; a rick for hay.

Governability (n.) Governableness.

Governableness (n.) The quality of being governable; manageableness.

Governal (n.) Alt. of Governail

Governail (n.) Management; mastery.

Governance (n.) Exercise of authority; control; government; arrangement.

Governante (n.) A governess.

Governess (n.) A female governor; a woman invested with authority to control and direct; especially, one intrusted with the care and instruction of children, -- usually in their homes.

Government (n.) The act of governing; the exercise of authority; the administration of laws; control; direction; regulation; as, civil, church, or family government.

Government (n.) The mode of governing; the system of polity in a state; the established form of law.

Government (n.) The right or power of governing; authority.

Government (n.) The person or persons authorized to administer the laws; the ruling power; the administration.

Government (n.) The body politic governed by one authority; a state; as, the governments of Europe.

Government (n.) Management of the limbs or body.

Government (n.) The influence of a word in regard to construction, requiring that another word should be in a particular case.

Governor (n.) One who governs; especially, one who is invested with the supreme executive authority in a State; a chief ruler or magistrate; as, the governor of Pennsylvania.

Governor (n.) One who has the care or guardianship of a young man; a tutor; a guardian.

Governor (n.) A pilot; a steersman.

Governor (n.) A contrivance applied to steam engines, water wheels, and other machinery, to maintain nearly uniform speed when the resistances and motive force are variable.

Governorship (n.) The office of a governor.

Gowan (n.) The daisy, or mountain daisy.

Gowan (n.) Decomposed granite.

Gowd (n.) Gold; wealth.

Gowdie (n.) See Dragont.

Gowdnook (n.) The saury pike; -- called also gofnick.

Gowk (n.) The European cuckoo; -- called also gawky.

Gowk (n.) A simpleton; a gawk or gawky.

Gown (n.) A loose, flowing upper garment

Gown (n.) The ordinary outer dress of a woman; as, a calico or silk gown.

Gown (n.) The official robe of certain professional men and scholars, as university students and officers, barristers, judges, etc.; hence, the dress of peace; the dress of civil officers, in distinction from military.

Gown (n.) A loose wrapper worn by gentlemen within doors; a dressing gown.

Gown (n.) Any sort of dress or garb.

Gownsman (n.) Alt. of Gownman

Gownman (n.) One whose professional habit is a gown, as a divine or lawyer, and particularly a member of an English university; hence, a civilian, in distinction from a soldier.

Gozzard (n.) See Gosherd.

Graal (n.) See Grail., a dish.

Grab (n.) A vessel used on the Malabar coast, having two or three masts.

Grab (n.) A sudden grasp or seizure.

Grab (n.) An instrument for clutching objects for the purpose of raising them; -- specially applied to devices for withdrawing drills, etc., from artesian and other wells that are drilled, bored, or driven.

Grabber (n.) One who seizes or grabs.

Grace (n.) The exercise of love, kindness, mercy, favor; disposition to benefit or serve another; favor bestowed or privilege conferred.

Grace (n.) The divine favor toward man; the mercy of God, as distinguished from His justice; also, any benefits His mercy imparts; divine love or pardon; a state of acceptance with God; enjoyment of the divine favor.

Grace (n.) The prerogative of mercy execised by the executive, as pardon.

Grace (n.) The same prerogative when exercised in the form of equitable relief through chancery.

Grace (n.) Fortune; luck; -- used commonly with hard or sorry when it means misfortune.

Grace (n.) Inherent excellence; any endowment or characteristic fitted to win favor or confer pleasure or benefit.

Grace (n.) Beauty, physical, intellectual, or moral; love

Grace (n.) Graceful and beautiful females, sister goddesses, represented by ancient writers as the attendants sometimes of Apollo but oftener of Venus. They were commonly mentioned as three in number; namely, Aglaia, Euphrosyne, and Thalia, and were regarded as the inspirers of the qualities which give attractiveness to wisdom, love, and social intercourse.

Grace (n.) The title of a duke, a duchess, or an archbishop, and formerly of the king of England.

Grace (n.) Thanks.

Grace (n.) A petition for grace; a blessing asked, or thanks rendered, before or after a meal.

Grace (n.) Ornamental notes or short passages, either introduced by the performer, or indicated by the composer, in which case the notation signs are called grace notes, appeggiaturas, turns, etc.

Grace (n.) An act, vote, or decree of the government of the institution; a degree or privilege conferred by such vote or decree.

Grace (n.) A play designed to promote or display grace of motion. It consists in throwing a small hoop from one player to another, by means of two sticks in the hands of each. Called also grace hoop or hoops.

Gracility (n.) State of being gracilent; slenderness.

Graciousness (n.) Quality of being gracious.

Grackle (n.) One of several American blackbirds, of the family Icteridae; as, the rusty grackle (Scolecophagus Carolinus); the boat-tailed grackle (see Boat-tail); the purple grackle (Quiscalus quiscula, or Q. versicolor). See Crow blackbird, under Crow.

Grackle (n.) An Asiatic bird of the genus Gracula. See Myna.

Gradation (n.) The act of progressing by regular steps or orderly arrangement; the state of being graded or arranged in ranks; as, the gradation of castes.

Gradation (n.) The act or process of bringing to a certain grade.

Gradation (n.) Any degree or relative position in an order or series.

Gradation (n.) A gradual passing from one tint to another or from a darker to a lighter shade, as in painting or drawing.

Gradation (n.) A diatonic ascending or descending succession of chords.

Gradatory (n.) A series of steps from a cloister into a church.

Grade (n.) A step or degree in any series, rank, quality, order; relative position or standing; as, grades of military rank; crimes of every grade; grades of flour.

Grade (n.) The rate of ascent or descent; gradient; deviation from a level surface to an inc

Grade (n.) A graded ascending, descending, or level portion of a road; a gradient.

Grade (n.) The result of crossing a native stock with some better breed. If the crossbreed have more than three fourths of the better blood, it is called high grade.

Grader (n.) One who grades, or that by means of which grading is done or facilitated.

Gradient (n.) The rate of regular or graded ascent or descent in a road; grade.

Gradient (n.) A part of a road which slopes upward or downward; a portion of a way not level; a grade.

Gradient (n.) The rate of increase or decrease of a variable magnitude, or the curve which represents it; as, a thermometric gradient.

Gradin (n.) Alt. of Gradine

Gradine (n.) Any member like a step, as the raised back of an altar or the like; a set raised over another.

Gradine (n.) A toothed chised by sculptors.

Grading (n.) The act or method of arranging in or by grade, or of bringing, as the surface of land or a road, to the desired level or grade.

Gradino (n.) A step or raised shelf, as above a sideboard or altar. Cf. Superaltar, and Gradin.

Gradual (n.) Proceeding by steps or degrees; advancing, step by step, as in ascent or descent or from one state to another; regularly progressive; slow; as, a gradual increase of knowledge; a gradual dec

Gradual (n.) An antiphon or responsory after the epistle, in the Mass, which was sung on the steps, or while the deacon ascended the steps.

Gradual (n.) A service book containing the musical portions of the Mass.

Gradual (n.) A series of steps.

Graduality (n.) The state of being gradual; gradualness.

Gradualness (n.) The quality or state of being gradual; regular progression or gradation; slowness.

Graduate (n.) To mark with degrees; to divide into regular steps, grades, or intervals, as the scale of a thermometer, a scheme of punishment or rewards, etc.

Graduate (n.) To admit or elevate to a certain grade or degree; esp., in a college or university, to admit, at the close of the course, to an honorable standing defined by a diploma; as, he was graduated at Yale College.

Graduate (n.) To prepare gradually; to arrange, temper, or modify by degrees or to a certain degree; to determine the degrees of; as, to graduate the heat of an oven.

Graduate (n.) To bring to a certain degree of consistency, by evaporation, as a fluid.

Graduate (n.) One who has received an academical or professional degree; one who has completed the prescribed course of study in any school or institution of learning.

Graduate (n.) A graduated cup, tube, or flask; a measuring glass used by apothecaries and chemists. See under Graduated.

Graduateship (n.) State of being a graduate.

Graduation (n.) The act of graduating, or the state of being graduated; as, graduation of a scale; graduation at a college; graduation in color; graduation by evaporation; the graduation of a bird's tail, etc.

Graduation (n.) The marks on an instrument or vessel to indicate degrees or quantity; a scale.

Graduation (n.) The exposure of a liquid in large surfaces to the air, so as to hasten its evaporation.

Graduator (n.) One who determines or indicates graduation; as, a graduator of instruments.

Graduator (n.) An instrument for dividing any

Graduator (n.) An apparatus for diffusing a solution, as brine or vinegar, over a large surface, for exposure to the air.

Gradus (n.) A dictionary of prosody, designed as an aid in writing Greek or Latin poetry.

Graf (n.) A German title of nobility, equivalent to earl in English, or count in French. See Earl.

Graff (n.) A steward; an overseer.

Graffage (n.) The scarp of a ditch or moat.

Graffer (n.) a notary or scrivener.

Graft (n.) A small shoot or scion of a tree inserted in another tree, the stock of which is to support and nourish it. The two unite and become one tree, but the graft determines the kind of fruit.

Graft (n.) A branch or portion of a tree growing from such a shoot.

Graft (n.) A portion of living tissue used in the operation of autoplasty.

Graft (n.) To insert (a graft) in a branch or stem of another tree; to propagate by insertion in another stock; also, to insert a graft upon.

Graft (n.) To implant a portion of (living flesh or akin) in a lesion so as to form an organic union.

Graft (n.) To join (one thing) to another as if by grafting, so as to bring about a close union.

Graft (n.) To cover, as a ring bolt, block strap, splicing, etc., with a weaving of small cord or rope-yarns.

Grafter (n.) One who inserts scions on other stocks, or propagates fruit by ingrafting.

Grafter (n.) An instrument by which grafting is facilitated.

Grafter (n.) The original tree from which a scion has been taken for grafting upon another tree.

Grafting (n.) The act or method of weaving a cover for a ring, rope end, etc.

Grafting (n.) The transplanting of a portion of flesh or skin to a denuded surface; autoplasty.

Grafting (n.) A scarfing or endwise attachment of one timber to another.

Grahamite (n.) One who follows the dietetic system of Graham.

Grail (n.) A book of offices in the Roman Catholic Church; a gradual.

Grail (n.) A broad, open dish; a chalice; -- only used of the Holy Grail.

Grail (n.) Small particles of earth; gravel.

Grail (n.) One of the small feathers of a hawk.

Graille (n.) A halfround single-cut file or fioat, having one curved face and one straight face, -- used by comb makers.

Grain (n.) A single small hard seed; a kernel, especially of those plants, like wheat, whose seeds are used for food.

Grain (n.) The fruit of certain grasses which furnish the chief food of man, as corn, wheat, rye, oats, etc., or the plants themselves; -- used collectively.

Grain (n.) Any small, hard particle, as of sand, sugar, salt, etc.; hence, any minute portion or particle; as, a grain of gunpowder, of pollen, of starch, of sense, of wit, etc.

Grain (n.) The unit of the English system of weights; -- so called because considered equal to the average of grains taken from the middle of the ears of wheat. 7,000 grains constitute the pound avoirdupois, and 5,760 grains the pound troy. A grain is equal to .0648 gram. See Gram.

Grain (n.) A reddish dye made from the coccus insect, or kermes; hence, a red color of any tint or hue, as crimson, scarlet, etc.; sometimes used by the poets as equivalent to Tyrian purple.

Grain (n.) The composite particles of any substance; that arrangement of the particles of any body which determines its comparative roughness or hardness; texture; as, marble, sugar, sandstone, etc., of fine grain.

Grain (n.) The direction, arrangement, or appearance of the fibers in wood, or of the strata in stone, slate, etc.

Grain (n.) The fiber which forms the substance of wood or of any fibrous material.

Grain (n.) The hair side of a piece of leather, or the marking on that side.

Grain (n.) The remains of grain, etc., after brewing or distillation; hence, any residuum. Also called draff.

Grain (n.) A rounded prominence on the back of a sepal, as in the common dock. See Grained, a., 4.

Grain (n.) To yield fruit.

Grain (n.) To form grains, or to assume a granular ferm, as the result of crystallization; to granulate.

Grain (n.) A branch of a tree; a stalk or stem of a plant.

Grain (n.) A tine, prong, or fork.

Grain (n.) One the branches of a valley or of a river.

Grain (n.) An iron first speak or harpoon, having four or more barbed points.

Grain (n.) A blade of a sword, knife, etc.

Grain (n.) A thin piece of metal, used in a mold to steady a core.

Grainer (n.) An infusion of pigeon's dung used by tanners to neutralize the effects of lime and give flexibility to skins; -- called also grains and bate.

Grainer (n.) A knife for taking the hair off skins.

Grainer (n.) One who paints in imitation of the grain of wood, marble, etc.; also, the brush or tool used in graining.

Grainfield (n.) A field where grain is grown.

Graining (n.) Indentation; roughening; milling, as on edges of coins.

Graining (n.) A process in dressing leather, by which the skin is softened and the grain raised.

Graining (n.) Painting or staining, in imitation of the grain of wood, atone, etc.

Graining (n.) The process of separating soap from spent lye, as with salt.

Graining (n.) A small European fresh-water fish (Leuciscus vulgaris); - called also dobule, and dace.

Grains (n.) Pigeon's dung used in tanning. See Grainer. n., 1.

Graip (n.) A dungfork.

Graith (n.) Furniture; apparatus or accouterments for work, traveling, war, etc.

Grakle (n.) See Grackle.

Gralloch (n.) Offal of a deer.

Gram (n.) The East Indian name of the chick-pea (Cicer arietinum) and its seeds; also, other similar seeds there used for food.

Gram (n.) Alt. of Gramme

Gramme (n.) The unit of weight in the metric system. It was intended to be exactly, and is very nearly, equivalent to the weight in a vacuum of one cubic centimeter of pure water at its maximum density. It is equal to 15.432 grains. See Grain, n., 4.

Gramarye (n.) Necromancy; magic.

Grammalogue (n.) Literally, a letter word; a word represented by a logogram; as, it, represented by |, that is, t. pitman.

Grammar (n.) The science which treats of the principles of language; the study of forms of speech, and their relations to one another; the art concerned with the right use aud application of the rules of a language, in speaking or writing.

Grammar (n.) The art of speaking or writing with correctness or according to established usage; speech considered with regard to the rules of a grammar.

Grammar (n.) A treatise on the principles of language; a book containing the principles and rules for correctness in speaking or writing.

Grammar (n.) treatise on the elements or principles of any science; as, a grammar of geography.

Grammarian (n.) One versed in grammar, or the construction of languages; a philologist.

Grammarian (n.) One who writes on, or teaches, grammar.

Grammarianism (n.) The principles, practices, or peculiarities of grammarians.

Grammaticaster (n.) A petty grammarian; a grammatical pedant or pretender.

Grammatication (n.) A principle of grammar; a grammatical rule.

Grammaticism (n.) A point or principle of grammar.

Grammatist (n.) A petty grammarian.

Gramme (n.) Same as Gram the weight.

Grampus (n.) A toothed delphinoid cetacean, of the genus Grampus, esp. G. griseus of Europe and America, which is valued for its oil. It grows to be fifteen to twenty feet long; its color is gray with white streaks. Called also cowfish. The California grampus is G. Stearnsii.

Grampus (n.) A kind of tongs used in a bloomery.

Granade (n.) Alt. of Granado

Granado (n.) See Grenade.

Granadilla (n.) The fruit of certain species of passion flower (esp. Passiflora quadrangularis) found in Brazil and the West Indies. It is as large as a child's head, and is a good dessert fruit. The fruit of Passiflora edulis is used for flavoring ices.

Granary (n.) A storehouse or repository for grain, esp. after it is thrashed or husked; a cornbouse; also (Fig.), a region fertile in grain.

Granate (n.) See Garnet.

Granatin (n.) Mannite; -- so called because found in the pomegranate.

Granatite (n.) See Staurolite.

Grandam (n.) An old woman; specifically, a grandmother.

Grandaunt (n.) The aunt of one's father or mother.

Grandchild (n.) A son's or daughter's child; a child in the second degree of descent.

Granddaughter (n.) The daughter of one's son or daughter.

Grandee (n.) A man of elevated rank or station; a nobleman. In Spain, a nobleman of the first rank, who may be covered in the king's presence.

Grandeeship (n.) The rank or estate of a grandee; lordship.

Grandeur (n.) The state or quality of being grand; vastness; greatness; splendor; magnificence; state

Grandevity (n.) Great age; long life.

Grandfather (n.) A father's or mother's father; an ancestor in the next degree above the father or mother in

Grandiloquence (n.) The use of lofty words or phrases; bombast; -- usually in a bad sense.

Grandiosity (n.) The state or quality of being grandiose,

Grandity (n.) Grandness.

Grandma (n.) Alt. of Grandmamma

Grandmamma (n.) A grandmother.

Grandmother (n.) The mother of one's father or mother.

Grandnephew (n.) The grandson of one's brother or sister.

Grandness (n.) Grandeur.

Grandniece (n.) The granddaughter of one's brother or sister.

Grandpa (n.) Alt. of Grandpapa

Grandpapa (n.) A grandfather.

Grandsire (n.) Specifically, a grandfather; more generally, any ancestor.

Grandson (n.) A son's or daughter's son.

Granduncle (n.) A father's or mother's uncle.

Grange (n.) A building for storing grain; a granary.

Grange (n.) A farmhouse, with the barns and other buildings for farming purposes.

Grange (n.) A farmhouse of a monastery, where the rents and tithes, paid in grain, were deposited.

Grange (n.) A farm; generally, a farm with a house at a distance from neighbors.

Grange (n.) An association of farmers, designed to further their interests, aud particularly to bring producers and consumers, farmers and manufacturers, into direct commercial relations, without intervention of middlemen or traders. The first grange was organized in 1867.

Granger (n.) A farm steward.

Granger (n.) A member of a grange.

Grangerism (n.) The practice of illustrating a particular book by engravings collected from other books.

Grangerite (n.) One who collects illustrations from various books for the decoration of one book.

Granilla (n.) Small grains or dust of cochineal or the coccus insect.

Granite (n.) A crystal

Granitification (n.) The act or the process of forming into granite.

Grannam (n.) A grandam.

Granny (n.) A grandmother; a grandam; familiarly, an old woman.

Granolithic (n.) A kind of hard artificial stone, used for pavements.

Grantee (n.) The person to whom a grant or conveyance is made.

Granter (n.) One who grants.

Grantor (n.) The person by whom a grant or conveyance is made.

Granulation (n.) The act or process of forming or crystallizing into grains; as, the granulation of powder and sugar.

Granulation (n.) The state of being granulated.

Granulation (n.) One of the small, red, grainlike prominences which form on a raw surface (that of wounds or ulcers), and are the efficient agents in the process of healing.

Granulation (n.) The act or process of the formation of such prominences.

Granule (n.) A little grain a small particle; a pellet.

Granulite (n.) A whitish, granular rock, consisting of feldspar and quartz intimately mixed; -- sometimes called whitestone, and leptynite.

Granulose (n.) The main constituent of the starch grain or granule, in distinction from the framework of cellulose. Unlike cellulose, it is colored blue by iodine, and is converted into dextrin and sugar by boiling acids and amylolytic ferments.

Grape (n.) A well-known edible berry growing in pendent clusters or bunches on the grapevine. The berries are smooth-skinned, have a juicy pulp, and are cultivated in great quantities for table use and for making wine and raisins.

Grape (n.) The plant which bears this fruit; the grapevine.

Grape (n.) A mangy tumor on the leg of a horse.

Grape (n.) Grapeshot.

Grapery (n.) A building or inclosure used for the cultivation of grapes.

Grapeshot (n.) A cluster, usually nine in number, of small iron balls, put together by means of cast-iron circular plates at top and bottom, with two rings, and a central connecting rod, in order to be used as a charge for a cannon. Formerly grapeshot were inclosed in canvas bags.

Grapestone (n.) A seed of the grape.

Grapevine (n.) A vine or climbing shrub, of the genus Vitis, having small green flowers and lobed leaves, and bearing the fruit called grapes.

Graphicness (n.) Alt. of Graphicalness

Graphicalness (n.) The quality or state of being graphic.

Graphics (n.) The art or the science of drawing; esp. of drawing according to mathematical rules, as in perspective, projection, and the like.

Graphiscope (n.) See Graphoscope.

Graphite (n.) Native carbon in hexagonal crystals, also foliated or granular massive, of black color and metallic luster, and so soft as to leave a trace on paper. It is used for pencils (improperly called lead pencils), for crucibles, and as a lubricator, etc. Often called plumbago or black lead.

Grapholite (n.) Any species of slate suitable to be written on.

Graphology (n.) The art of judging of a person's character, disposition, and aptitude from his handwriting.

Graphoscope (n.) An optical instrument for magnifying engravings, photographs, etc., usually having one large lens and two smaller ones.

Graphotype (n.) A process for producing a design upon a surface in relief so that it can be printed from. Prepared chalk or oxide of zinc is pressed upon a smooth plate by a hydraulic press, and the design is drawn upon this in a peculiar ink which hardens the surface wherever it is applied. The surface is then carefully rubbed or brushed, leaving the

Grapnel (n.) A small anchor, with four or five flukes or claws, used to hold boats or small vessels; hence, any instrument designed to grapple or hold; a grappling iron; a grab; -- written also grap

Grapplement (n.) A grappling; close fight or embrace.

Grappling (n.) A laying fast ho1d of; also, that by which anything is seized and held, a grapnel.

Grappling (n.) A grapple; a struggle. A match for yards in fight, in grappling for the bear.

Grapsoid (n.) A grapsoid crab.

Graptolite (n.) One of numerous species of slender and delicate fossils, of the genus Graptolites and allied genera, found in the Silurian rocks. They belong to an extinct group (Graptolithina) supposed to be hydroids.

Grasp (n.) A gripe or seizure of the hand; a seizure by embrace, or infolding in the arms.

Grasp (n.) Reach of the arms; hence, the power of seizing and holding; as, it was beyond his grasp.

Grasp (n.) Forcible possession; hold.

Grasp (n.) Wide-reaching power of intellect to comprehend subjects and hold them under survey.

Grasp (n.) The handle of a sword or of an oar.

Graaper (n.) One who grasps or seizes; one who catches or holds.

Grass (n.) Popularly: Herbage; the plants which constitute the food of cattle and other beasts; pasture.

Grass (n.) An endogenous plant having simple leaves, a stem generally jointed and tubular, the husks or glumes in pairs, and the seed single.

Grass (n.) The season of fresh grass; spring.

Grass (n.) Metaphorically used for what is transitory.

Grassation (n.) A wandering about with evil intentions; a rioting.

Grasshopper (n.) Any jumping, orthopterous insect, of the families Acrididae and Locustidae. The species and genera are very numerous. The former family includes the Western grasshopper or locust (Caloptenus spretus), noted for the great extent of its ravages in the region beyond the Mississippi. In the Eastern United States the red-legged (Caloptenus femurrubrum and C. atlanis) are closely related species, but their ravages are less important. They are closely related to the migratory loc>

Grasshopper (n.) In ordinary square or upright pianos of London make, the escapement lever or jack, so made that it can be taken out and replaced with the key; -- called also the hopper.

Grassiness (n.) The state of abounding with grass; a grassy state.

Grassplot (n.) A plot or space covered with grass; a lawn.

Grate (n.) A structure or frame containing parallel or crosed bars, with interstices; a kind of latticework, such as is used ia the windows of prisons and cloisters.

Grate (n.) A frame or bed, or kind of basket, of iron bars, for holding fuel while burning.

Graticulation (n.) The division of a design or draught into squares, in order the more easily to reproduce it in larger or smaller dimensions.

Graticule (n.) A design or draught which has been divided into squares, in order to reproduce it in other dimensions.

Gratification (n.) The act of gratifying, or pleasing, either the mind, the taste, or the appetite; as, the gratification of the palate, of the appetites, of the senses, of the desires, of the heart.

Gratification (n.) That which affords pleasure; satisfaction; enjoyment; fruition: delight.

Gratification (n.) A reward; a recompense; a gratuity.

Gratifier (n.) One who gratifies or pleases.

Grating (n.) A partition, covering, or frame of parallel or cross bars; a latticework resembling a window grate; as, the grating of a prison or convent.

Grating (n.) A system of close equidistant and parallel

Grating (n.) The strong wooden lattice used to cover a hatch, admitting light and air; also, a movable Lattice used for the flooring of boats.

Grating (n.) A harsh sound caused by attrition.

Gratiolin (n.) One of the essential principles of the hedge hyssop (Gratiola officinalis).

Gratuity (n.) Something given freely or without recompense; a free gift; a present.

Gratuity (n.) Something voluntarily given in return for a favor or service, as a recompense or acknowledgment.

Gratulation (n.) The act of gratulating or felicitating; congratulation.

Grauwacke (n.) Graywacke.

Grave (n.) To dig. [Obs.] Chaucer.

Grave (n.) To carve or cut, as letters or figures, on some hard substance; to engrave.

Grave (n.) To carve out or give shape to, by cutting with a chisel; to sculpture; as, to grave an image.

Grave (n.) To impress deeply (on the mind); to fix indelibly.

Grave (n.) To entomb; to bury.

Grave (n.) An excavation in the earth as a place of burial; also, any place of interment; a tomb; a sepulcher. Hence: Death; destruction.

Gravedigger (n.) A digger of graves.

Gravedigger (n.) See Burying beetle, under Bury, v. t.

Gravel (n.) Small stones, or fragments of stone; very small pebbles, often intermixed with particles of sand.

Gravel (n.) A deposit of small calculous concretions in the kidneys and the urinary or gall bladder; also, the disease of which they are a symptom.

Graveling (n.) Alt. of Gravelling

Gravelling (n.) The act of covering with gravel.

Gravelling (n.) A layer or coating of gravel (on a path, etc.).

Graveling (n.) Alt. of Gravelling

Gravelling (n.) A salmon one or two years old, before it has gone to sea.


Gravel-stone (n.) A pebble, or small fragment of stone; a calculus.

Graveness (n.) The quality of being grave.

Gravenstein (n.) A kind of fall apple, marked with streaks of deep red and orange, and of excellent flavor and quality.

Graveolence (n.) A strong and offensive smell; rancidity.

Graver (n.) One who graves; an engraver or a sculptor; one whose occupation is te cut letters or figures in stone or other hard material.

Graver (n.) An ergraving or cutting tool; a burin.

Gravery (n.) The act, process, or art, of graving or carving; engraving.

Gravestone (n.) A stone laid over, or erected near, a grave, usually with an inscription, to preserve the memory of the dead; a tombstone.

Graveyard (n.) A yard or inclosure for the interment of the dead; a cemetery.

Gravidation (n.) Gravidity.

Gravidity (n.) The state of being gravidated; pregnancy.

Gravigrade (n.) One of the pachyderms.

Gravimeter (n.) An instrument for ascertaining the specific gravity of bodies.

Graving (n.) The act of cleaning a ship's bottom.

Graving (n.) The act or art of carving figures in hard substances, esp. by incision or in intaglio.

Graving (n.) That which is graved or carved.

Graving (n.) Impression, as upon the mind or heart.

Gravitation (n.) The act of gravitating.

Gravitation (n.) That species of attraction or force by which all bodies or particles of matter in the universe tend toward each other; called also attraction of gravitation, universal gravitation, and universal gravity. See Attraction, and Weight.

Gravy (n.) The juice or other liquid matter that drips from flesh in cooking, made into a dressing for the food when served up.

Gravy (n.) Liquid dressing for meat, fish, vegetables, etc.

Gray (n.) A gray color; any mixture of white and black; also, a neutral or whitish tint.

Gray (n.) An animal or thing of gray color, as a horse, a badger, or a kind of salmon.

Grayback (n.) The California gray whale.

Grayback (n.) The redbreasted sandpiper or knot.

Grayback (n.) The dowitcher.

Grayback (n.) The body louse.

Graybeard (n.) An old man.

Grayfly (n.) The trumpet fly.

Grayhound (n.) See Greyhound.

Graylag (n.) The common wild gray goose (Anser anser) of Europe, believed to be the wild form of the domestic goose. See Illust. of Goose.

Grayness (n.) The quality of being gray.

Gtraystone (n.) A grayish or greenish compact rock, composed of feldspar and augite, and allied to basalt.

Graywacke (n.) A conglomerate or grit rock, consisting of rounded pebbles sand firmly united together.

Graze (n.) The act of grazing; the cropping of grass.

Graze (n.) A light touch; a slight scratch.

Grazer (n.) One that grazes; a creature which feeds on growing grass or herbage.

Grazier (n.) One who pastures cattle, and rears them for market.

Grazing (n.) The act of one who, or that which, grazes.

Grazing (n.) A pasture; growing grass.

Gre (n.) See Gree, a step.

Gre (n.) See Gree, good will.

Grease (n.) Animal fat, as tallow or lard, especially when in a soft state; oily or unctuous matter of any kind.

Grease (n.) An inflammation of a horse's heels, suspending the ordinary greasy secretion of the part, and producing dryness and scurfiness, followed by cracks, ulceration, and fungous excrescences.

Greaser (n.) One who, or that which, greases; specifically, a person employed to lubricate the working parts of machinery, engines, carriages, etc.

Greaser (n.) A nickname sometimes applied in contempt to a Mexican of the lowest type.

Greasiness (n.) The quality or state of being greasy, oi

Great (n.) The whole; the gross; as, a contract to build a ship by the great.

Greatcoat (n.) An overcoat.

Great-grandchild (n.) The child of one's grandson or granddaughter.

Great-granddaughter (n.) A daughter of one's grandson or granddaughter.

Great-grandfather (n.) The father of one's grandfather or grandmother.

Great-grandmother (n.) The mother of one's grandfather or grandmother.

Great-grandson (n.) A son of one's grandson or granddaughter.

Great-heartedness (n.) The quality of being greathearted; high-mindedness; magnanimity.

Greatness (n.) The state, condition, or quality of being great; as, greatness of size, greatness of mind, power, etc.

Greatness (n.) Pride; haughtiness.

Greave (n.) A grove.

Greave (n.) Armor for the leg below the knee; -- usually in the plural.

Grebe (n.) One of several swimming birds or divers, of the genus Colymbus (formerly Podiceps), and allied genera, found in the northern parts of America, Europe, and Asia. They have strong, sharp bills, and lobate toes.

Grecian (n.) A native or naturalized inhabitant of Greece; a Greek.

Grecian (n.) A jew who spoke Greek; a Hellenist.

Grecian (n.) One well versed in the Greek language, literature, or history.

Grecism (n.) An idiom of the Greek language; a Hellenism.

Grecque (n.) An ornament supposed to be of Greek origin, esp. a fret or meander.

Gree (n.) Good will; favor; pleasure; satisfaction; -- used esp. in such phrases as: to take in gree; to accept in gree; that is, to take favorably.

Gree (n.) Rank; degree; position.

Gree (n.) The prize; the honor of the day; as, to bear the gree, i. e., to carry off the prize.

Gree (n.) A step.

Greed (n.) An eager desire or longing; greediness; as, a greed of gain.

Greediness (n.) The quality of being greedy; vehement and selfish desire.

Greedy-gut (n.) A glutton.

Greegree (n.) An African talisman or Gri'gri' charm.

Greek (n.) A native, or one of the people, of Greece; a Grecian; also, the language of Greece.

Greek (n.) A swindler; a knave; a cheat.

Greek (n.) Something unintelligible; as, it was all Greek to me.

Greekess (n.) A female Greek.

Greekling (n.) A little Greek, or one of small esteem or pretensions.

Green (n.) The color of growing plants; the color of the solar spectrum intermediate between the yellow and the blue.

Green (n.) A grassy plain or plat; a piece of ground covered with verdant herbage; as, the village green.

Green (n.) Fresh leaves or branches of trees or other plants; wreaths; -- usually in the plural.

Green (n.) pl. Leaves and stems of young plants, as spinach, beets, etc., which in their green state are boiled for food.

Green (n.) Any substance or pigment of a green color.

Greenback (n.) One of the legal tender notes of the United States; -- first issued in 1862, and having the devices on the back printed with green ink, to prevent alterations and counterfeits.

Greenbacker (n.) One of those who supported greenback or paper money, and opposed the resumption of specie payments.

Greenbone (n.) Any garfish (Belone or Tylosurus).

Greenbone (n.) The European eelpout.

Green-broom (n.) A plant of the genus Genista (G. tinctoria); dyer's weed; -- called also greenweed.

Greencloth (n.) A board or court of justice formerly held in the counting house of the British sovereign's household, composed of the lord steward and his officers, and having cognizance of matters of justice in the household, with power to correct offenders and keep the peace within the verge of the palace, which extends two hundred yards beyond the gates.

Greenery (n.) Green plants; verdure.

Greenfinch (n.) A European finch (Ligurinus chloris); -- called also green bird, green linnet, green grosbeak, green olf, greeny, and peasweep.

Greenfinch (n.) The Texas sparrow (Embernagra rufivirgata), in which the general color is olive green, with four rufous stripes on the head.

Greenfish (n.) See Bluefish, and Pollock.

Greengage (n.) A kind of plum of medium size, roundish shape, greenish flesh, and delicious flavor. It is called in France Reine Claude, after the queen of Francis I. See Gage.

Greengill (n.) An oyster which has the gills tinged with a green pigment, said to be due to an abnormal condition of the blood.

Greengrocer (n.) A retailer of vegetables or fruits in their fresh or green state.

Greenhead (n.) The mallard.

Greenhead (n.) The striped bass. See Bass.

Greenhead (n.) Alt. of Greenhood

Greenhood (n.) A state of greenness; verdancy.

Greenhorn (n.) A raw, inexperienced person; one easily imposed upon.

Greenhouse (n.) A house in which tender plants are cultivated and sheltered from the weather.

Greening (n.) A greenish apple, of several varieties, among which the Rhode Island greening is the best known for its fine-grained acid flesh and its excellent keeping quality.

Greenlander (n.) A native of Greenland.

Green-leek (n.) An Australian parrakeet (Polytelis Barrabandi); -- called also the scarlet-breasted parrot.

Greenlet (n.) l. (Zool.) One of numerous species of small American singing birds, of the genus Vireo, as the solitary, or blue-headed (Vireo solitarius); the brotherly-love (V. Philadelphicus); the warbling greenlet (V. gilvus); the yellow-throated greenlet (V. flavifrons) and others. See Vireo.

Greenlet (n.) Any species of Cyclorhis, a genus of tropical American birds allied to the tits.

Greenness (n.) The quality of being green; viridity; verdancy; as, the greenness of grass, or of a meadow.

Greenness (n.) Freshness; vigor; newness.

Greenness (n.) Immaturity; unripeness; as, the greenness of fruit; inexperience; as, the greenness of youth.

Greenockite (n.) Native cadmium sulphide, a mineral occurring in yellow hexagonal crystals, also as an earthy incrustation.

Greenroom (n.) The retiring room of actors and actresses in a theater.

Greensand (n.) A variety of sandstone, usually imperfectly consolidated, consisting largely of glauconite, a silicate of iron and potash of a green color, mixed with sand and a trace of phosphate of lime.

Greenshank (n.) A European sandpiper or snipe (Totanus canescens); -- called also greater plover.

Green-stall (n.) A stall at which greens and fresh vegetables are exposed for sale.

Greenstone (n.) A name formerly applied rather loosely to certain dark-colored igneous rocks, including diorite, diabase, etc.

Greensward (n.) Turf green with grass.

Greenth (n.) The state or quality of being green; verdure.

Greenweed (n.) See Greenbroom.

Greenwood (n.) A forest as it appears is spring and summer.

Greet (n.) Mourning.

Greet (n.) Greeting.

Greeter (n.) One who greets or salutes another.

Greeter (n.) One who weeps or mourns.

Greeting (n.) Expression of kindness or joy; salutation at meeting; a compliment from one absent.

Greeve (n.) See Grieve, an overseer.

Greeze (n.) A step. See Gree, a step.

Greffier (n.) A registrar or recorder; a notary.

Gregarine (n.) One of the Gregarinae.

Greggoe (n.) Alt. of Grego

Grego (n.) A short jacket or cloak, made of very thick, coarse cloth, with a hood attached, worn by the Greeks and others in the Levant.

Greillade (n.) Iron ore in coarse powder, prepared for reduction by the Catalan process.

Greisen (n.) A crystal

Gremial (n.) A bosom friend.

Gremial (n.) A cloth, often adorned with gold or silver lace, placed on the bishop's lap while he sits in celebrating mass, or in ordaining priests.

Grenade (n.) A hollow ball or shell of iron filled with powder of other explosive, ignited by means of a fuse, and thrown from the hand among enemies.

Grenadier (n.) Originaly, a soldier who carried and threw grenades; afterward, one of a company attached to each regiment or battalion, taking post on the right of the

Grenadier (n.) Any marine fish of the genus Macrurus, in which the body and tail taper to a point; they mostly inhabit the deep sea; -- called also onion fish, and rat-tail fish.

Grenadier (n.) A bright-colored South African grosbeak (Pyromelana orix), having the back red and the lower parts black.

Grenadillo (n.) A handsome tropical American wood, much used for making flutes and other wind instruments; -- called also Grenada cocos, or cocus, and red ebony.

Grenadine (n.) A thin gauzelike fabric of silk or wool, for women's wear.

Grenadine (n.) A trade name for a dyestuff, consisting essentially of impure fuchsine.

Grenado (n.) Same as Grenade.

Gres (n.) Grass.

Greve (n.) A grove.

Greyhound (n.) A slender, graceful breed of dogs, remarkable for keen sight and swiftness. It is one of the oldest varieties known, and is figured on the Egyptian monuments.

Greylag (n.) See Graylag.

Gribble (n.) A small marine isopod crustacean (Limnoria lignorum or L. terebrans), which burrows into and rapidly destroys submerged timber, such as the piles of wharves, both in Europe and America.

Grice (n.) A little pig.

Grice (n.) See Gree, a step.

Grid (n.) A grating of thin parallel bars, similar to a gridiron.

Griddle (n.) An iron plate or pan used for cooking cakes.

Griddle (n.) A sieve with a wire bottom, used by miners.

Griddlecake (n.) A cake baked or fried on a griddle, esp. a thin batter cake, as of buckwheat or common flour.

Grade (n.) A harsh scraping or cutting; a grating.

Gridelin (n.) A color mixed of white, and red, or a gray violet.

Gridiron (n.) A grated iron utensil for broiling flesh and fish over coals.

Gridiron (n.) An openwork frame on which vessels are placed for examination, cleaning, and repairs.

Gridiron (n.) A football field.

Griego (n.) See Greggoe.

Grievancer (n.) One who occasions a grievance; one who gives ground for complaint.

Grieve (n.) Alt. of Greeve

Greeve (n.) A manager of a farm, or overseer of any work; a reeve; a manorial bailiff.

Griever (n.) One who, or that which, grieves.

Grieving (n.) The act of causing grief; the state of being grieved.

Griff (n.) Grasp; reach.

Griff (n.) An arrangement of parallel bars for lifting the hooked wires which raise the warp threads in a loom for weaving figured goods.

Griffe (n.) The offspring of a mulatto woman and a negro; also, a mulatto.

Griffin (n.) An Anglo-Indian name for a person just arrived from Europe.

Griffin (n.) Alt. of Griffon

Griffon (n.) A fabulous monster, half lion and half eagle. It is often represented in Grecian and Roman works of art.

Griffon (n.) A representation of this creature as an heraldic charge.

Griffon (n.) A species of large vulture (Gyps fulvus) found in the mountainous parts of Southern Europe, North Africa, and Asia Minor; -- called also gripe, and grype. It is supposed to be the "eagle" of the Bible. The bearded griffin is the lammergeir.

Griffon (n.) An English early apple.

Grig (n.) A cricket or grasshopper.

Grig (n.) Any small eel.

Grig (n.) The broad-nosed eel. See Glut.

Grig (n.) Heath.

Grill (n.) To broil on a grill or gridiron.

Grill (n.) To torment, as if by broiling.

Grillage (n.) A framework of sleepers and crossbeams forming a foundation in marshy or treacherous soil.

Grilse (n.) A young salmon after its first return from the sea.

Grimace (n.) A distortion of the countenance, whether habitual, from affectation, or momentary aad occasional, to express some feeling, as contempt, disapprobation, complacency, etc.; a smirk; a made-up face.

Grimalkin (n.) An old cat, esp. a she-cat.

Grime (n.) Foul matter; dirt, rubbed in; sullying blackness, deeply ingrained.

Griminess (n.) The state of being grimy.

Grimme (n.) A West African antelope (Cephalophus rufilotus) of a deep bay color, with a broad dorsal stripe of black; -- called also conquetoon.

Grimness (n.) Fierceness of look; sternness; crabbedness; forbiddingness.

Grimsir (n.) A stern man.

Grin (n.) A snare; a gin.

Grin (n.) The act of closing the teeth and showing them, or of withdrawing the lips and showing the teeth; a hard, forced, or sneering smile.

Grind (n.) The act of reducing to powder, or of sharpening, by friction.

Grind (n.) Any severe continuous work or occupation; esp., hard and uninteresting study.

Grind (n.) A hard student; a dig.

Grindelia (n.) The dried stems and leaves of tarweed (Grindelia), used as a remedy in asthma and bronchitis.

Grinder (n.) One who, or that which, grinds.

Grinder (n.) One of the double teeth, used to grind or masticate the food; a molar.

Grinder (n.) The restless flycatcher (Seisura inquieta) of Australia; -- called also restless thrush and volatile thrush. It makes a noise like a scissors grinder, to which the name alludes.

Grindery (n.) Leather workers' materials.

Grindle (n.) The bowfin; -- called also Johnny Grindle.

Grindlet (n.) A small drain.

Grindstone (n.) A flat, circular stone, revolving on an axle, for grinding or sharpening tools, or shaping or smoothing objects.

Grinner (n.) One who grins.

Grinting (n.) Grinding.

Grip (n.) The griffin.

Grip (n.) A small ditch or furrow.

Gripe (n.) A vulture; the griffin.

Gripe (n.) Grasp; seizure; fast hold; clutch.

Gripe (n.) That on which the grasp is put; a handle; a grip; as, the gripe of a sword.

Gripe (n.) A device for grasping or holding anything; a brake to stop a wheel.

Gripe (n.) Oppression; cruel exaction; affiction; pinching distress; as, the gripe of poverty.

Gripe (n.) Pinching and spasmodic pain in the intestines; -- chiefly used in the plural.

Gripe (n.) The piece of timber which terminates the keel at the fore end; the forefoot.

Gripe (n.) The compass or sharpness of a ship's stern under the water, having a tendency to make her keep a good wind.

Gripe (n.) An assemblage of ropes, dead-eyes, and hocks, fastened to ringbolts in the deck, to secure the boats when hoisted; also, broad bands passed around a boat to secure it at the davits and prevent swinging.

Griman (n.) The man who manipulates a grip.

Grippe (n.) The influenza or epidemic catarrh.

Gripper (n.) One who, or that which, grips or seizes.

Gripper (n.) In printing presses, the fingers or nippers.

Gripple (n.) A grasp; a gripe.

Grippleness (n.) The quality of being gripple.

Gripsack (n.) A traveler's handbag.

Grisaille (n.) Decorative painting in gray monochrome; -- used in English especially for painted glass.

Grisaille (n.) A kind of French fancy dress goods.

Grisamber (n.) Ambergris.

Grise (n.) See Grice, a pig.

Grise (n.) A step (in a flight of stairs); a degree.

Grisette (n.) A French girl or young married woman of the lower class; more frequently, a young working woman who is fond of gallantry.

Griskin (n.) The spine of a hog.


Grison (n.) A South American animal of the family Mustelidae (Galictis vittata). It is about two feet long, exclusive of the tail. Its under parts are black. Also called South American glutton.

Grison (n.) A South American monkey (Lagothrix infumatus), said to be gluttonous.

Grist (n.) Ground corn; that which is ground at one time; as much grain as is carried to the mill at one time, or the meal it produces.

Grist (n.) Supply; provision.

Grist (n.) In rope making, a given size of rope, common grist being a rope three inches in circumference, with twenty yarns in each of the three strands.

Gristle (n.) Cartilage. See Cartilage.

Gristmill (n.) A mill for grinding grain; especially, a mill for grinding grists, or portions of grain brought by different customers; a custom mill.

Grit (n.) Sand or gravel; rough, hard particles.

Grit (n.) The coarse part of meal.

Grit (n.) Grain, esp. oats or wheat, hulled and coarsely ground; in high milling, fragments of cracked wheat smaller than groats.

Grit (n.) A hard, coarse-grained siliceous sandstone; as, millstone grit; -- called also gritrock and gritstone. The name is also applied to a finer sharp-grained sandstone; as, grindstone grit.

Grit (n.) Structure, as adapted to grind or sharpen; as, a hone of good grit.

Grit (n.) Firmness of mind; invincible spirit; unyielding courage; fortitude.

Grith (n.) Peace; security; agreement.

Gritrock (n.) Alt. of Gritstone

Gritstone (n.) See Grit, n., 4.

Grittiness (n.) The quality of being gritty.

Grivet (n.) A monkey of the upper Nile and Abyssinia (Cercopithecus griseo-viridis), having the upper parts dull green, the lower parts white, the hands, ears, and face black. It was known to the ancient Egyptians. Called also tota.

Grize (n.) Same as 2d Grise.

Grizzle (n.) Gray; a gray color; a mixture of white and black.

Grizzly (n.) A grizzly bear. See under Grizzly, a.

Groan (n.) A low, moaning sound; usually, a deep, mournful sound uttered in pain or great distress; sometimes, an expression of strong disapprobation; as, the remark was received with groans.

Groat (n.) An old English silver coin, equal to four pence.

Groat (n.) Any small sum of money.

Grocer (n.) A trader who deals in tea, sugar, spices, coffee, fruits, and various other commodities.

Grocery (n.) The commodities sold by grocers, as tea, coffee, spices, etc.; -- in the United States almost always in the plural form, in this sense.

Grocery (n.) A retail grocer's shop or store.

Grog (n.) A mixture of spirit and water not sweetened; hence, any intoxicating liquor.

Groggery (n.) A grogshop.

Grogginess (n.) State of being groggy.

Grogginess (n.) Tenderness or stiffness in the foot of a horse, which causes him to move in a hobbling manner.

Grogram (n.) Alt. of Grogran

Grogran (n.) A coarse stuff made of silk and mohair, or of coarse silk.

Grogshop (n.) A shop or room where strong liquors are sold and drunk; a dramshop.

Groin (n.) The snout of a swine.

Groin (n.) The

Groin (n.) The projecting solid angle formed by the meeting of two vaults, growing more obtuse as it approaches the summit.

Groin (n.) The surface formed by two such vaults.

Groin (n.) A frame of woodwork across a beach to accumulate and retain shingle.

Gromet (n.) Same as Grommet.

Gromill (n.) See Gromwell.

Grommet (n.) A ring formed by twisting on itself a single strand of an unlaid rope; also, a metallic eyelet in or for a sail or a mailbag. Sometimes written grummet.

Grommet (n.) A ring of rope used as a wad to hold a cannon ball in place.

Gromwell (n.) A plant of the genus Lithospermum (L. arvense), anciently used, because of its stony pericarp, in the cure of gravel. The German gromwell is the Stellera.

Groom (n.) A boy or young man; a waiter; a servant; especially, a man or boy who has charge of horses, or the stable.

Groom (n.) One of several officers of the English royal household, chiefly in the lord chamberlain's department; as, the groom of the chamber; the groom of the stole.

Groom (n.) A man recently married, or about to be married; a bridegroom.

Groomer (n.) One who, or that which, grooms horses; especially, a brush rotated by a flexible or jointed revolving shaft, for cleaning horses.

Groomsman (n.) A male attendant of a bridegroom at his wedding; -- the correlative of bridesmaid.

Grooper (n.) See Grouper.

Groove (n.) A furrow, channel, or long hollow, such as may be formed by cutting, molding, grinding, the wearing force of flowing water, or constant travel; a depressed way; a worn path; a rut.

Groove (n.) Hence: The habitual course of life, work, or affairs; fixed routine.

Groove (n.) A shaft or excavation.

Groover (n.) One who or that which grooves.

Groover (n.) A miner.

Grooving (n.) The act of forming a groove or grooves; a groove, or collection of grooves.

Groper (n.) One who gropes; one who feels his way in the dark, or searches by feeling.

Gros (n.) A heavy silk with a dull finish; as, gros de Naples; gros de Tours.

Grosbeak (n.) One of various species of finches having a large, stout beak. The common European grosbeak or hawfinch is Coccothraustes vulgaris.

Groschen (n.) A small silver coin and money of account of Germany, worth about two cents. It is not included in the new monetary system of the empire.

Grossbeak (n.) See Grosbeak.

Grossification (n.) The act of making gross or thick, or the state of becoming so.

Grossification (n.) The swelling of the ovary of plants after fertilization. Henslow.

Grossness (n.) The state or quality of being gross; thickness; corpulence; coarseness; shamefulness.

Grossularia (n.) Same as Grossular.

Grossulin (n.) A vegetable jelly, resembling pectin, found in gooseberries (Ribes Grossularia) and other fruits.

Grot (n.) A grotto.

Grot (n.) Alt. of Grote

Grote (n.) A groat.

Grotesque (n.) A whimsical figure, or scene, such as is found in old crypts and grottoes.

Grotesque (n.) Artificial grotto-work.

Grotesqueness (n.) Quality of being grotesque.

Grotto (n.) A natural covered opening in the earth; a cave; also, an artificial recess, cave, or cavernlike apartment.

Grotto-work (n.) Artificial and ornamental rockwork in imitation of a grotto.

Ground (n.) The surface of the earth; the outer crust of the globe, or some indefinite portion of it.

Ground (n.) A floor or pavement supposed to rest upon the earth.

Ground (n.) Any definite portion of the earth's surface; region; territory; country. Hence: A territory appropriated to, or resorted to, for a particular purpose; the field or place of action; as, a hunting or fishing ground; a play ground.

Ground (n.) Land; estate; possession; field; esp. (pl.), the gardens, lawns, fields, etc., belonging to a homestead; as, the grounds of the estate are well kept.

Ground (n.) The basis on which anything rests; foundation. Hence: The foundation of knowledge, belief, or conviction; a premise, reason, or datum; ultimate or first principle; cause of existence or occurrence; originating force or agency; as, the ground of my hope.

Ground (n.) That surface upon which the figures of a composition are set, and which relieves them by its plainness, being either of one tint or of tints but slightly contrasted with one another; as, crimson Bowers on a white ground.

Ground (n.) In sculpture, a flat surface upon which figures are raised in relief.

Ground (n.) In point lace, the net of small meshes upon which the embroidered pattern is applied; as, Brussels ground. See Brussels lace, under Brussels.

Ground (n.) A gummy composition spread over the surface of a metal to be etched, to prevent the acid from eating except where an opening is made by the needle.

Ground (n.) One of the pieces of wood, flush with the plastering, to which moldings, etc., are attached; -- usually in the plural.

Ground (n.) A composition in which the bass, consisting of a few bars of independent notes, is continually repeated to a varying melody.

Ground (n.) The tune on which descants are raised; the plain song.

Ground (n.) A conducting connection with the earth, whereby the earth is made part of an electrical circuit.

Ground (n.) Sediment at the bottom of liquors or liquids; dregs; lees; feces; as, coffee grounds.

Ground (n.) The pit of a theater.

Groundage (n.) A local tax paid by a ship for the ground or space it occupies while in port.

Grounding (n.) The act, method, or process of laying a groundwork or foundation; hence, elementary instruction; the act or process of applying a ground, as of color, to wall paper, cotton cloth, etc.; a basis.

Groundling (n.) A fish that keeps at the bottom of the water, as the loach.

Groundling (n.) A spectator in the pit of a theater, which formerly was on the ground, and without floor or benches.

Groundnut (n.) The fruit of the Arachis hypogaea (native country uncertain); the peanut; the earthnut.

Groundnut (n.) A leguminous, twining plant (Apios tuberosa), producing clusters of dark purple flowers and having a root tuberous and pleasant to the taste.

Groundnut (n.) The dwarf ginseng (Aralia trifolia).

Groundnut (n.) A European plant of the genus Bunium (B. flexuosum), having an edible root of a globular shape and sweet, aromatic taste; -- called also earthnut, earth chestnut, hawknut, and pignut.

Groundsel (n.) Alt. of Groundsill

Groundsill (n.) See Ground plate (a), under Ground

Groundwork (n.) That which forms the foundation or support of anything; the basis; the essential or fundamental part; first principle.

Group (n.) A cluster, crowd, or throng; an assemblage, either of persons or things, collected without any regular form or arrangement; as, a group of men or of trees; a group of isles.

Group (n.) An assemblage of objects in a certain order or relation, or having some resemblance or common characteristic; as, groups of strata.

Group (n.) A variously limited assemblage of animals or plants, having some resemblance, or common characteristics in form or structure. The term has different uses, and may be made to include certain species of a genus, or a whole genus, or certain genera, or even several orders.

Group (n.) A number of eighth, sixteenth, etc., notes joined at the stems; -- sometimes rather indefinitely applied to any ornament made up of a few short notes.

Group (n.) To form a group of; to arrange or combine in a group or in groups, often with reference to mutual relation and the best effect; to form an assemblage of.

Grouper (n.) One of several species of valuable food fishes of the genus Epinephelus, of the family Serranidae, as the red grouper, or brown snapper (E. morio), and the black grouper, or warsaw (E. nigritus), both from Florida and the Gulf of Mexico.

Grouper (n.) The tripletail (Lobotes).

Grouper (n.) In California, the name is often applied to the rockfishes.

Grouping (n.) The disposal or relative arrangement of figures or objects, as in, drawing, painting, and sculpture, or in ornamental design.

Grouser (n.) A pointed timber attached to a boat and sliding vertically, to thrust into the ground as a means of anchorage.

Grout (n.) Coarse meal; ground malt; pl. groats.

Grout (n.) Formerly, a kind of beer or ale.

Grout (n.) Lees; dregs; grounds.

Grout (n.) A thin, coarse mortar, used for pouring into the joints of masonry and brickwork; also, a finer material, used in finishing the best ceilings. Gwilt.

Grouthead (n.) See Growthead.

Grouting (n.) The process of filling in or finishing with grout; also, the grout thus filled in.

Groutnol (n.) Same as Growthead.

Groveler (n.) One who grovels; an abject wretch.

Growan (n.) A decomposed granite, forming a mass of gravel, as in tin lodes in Cornwall.

Grower (n.) One who grows or produces; as, a grower of corn; also, that which grows or increases; as, a vine may be a rank or a slow grower.

Growl (n.) The deep, threatening sound made by a surly dog; a grumbling sound.

Growler (n.) One who growls.

Growler (n.) The large-mouthed black bass.

Growler (n.) A four-wheeled cab.

Growth (n.) The process of growing; the gradual increase of an animal or a vegetable body; the development from a seed, germ, or root, to full size or maturity; increase in size, number, frequency, strength, etc.; augmentation; advancement; production; prevalence or influence; as, the growth of trade; the growth of power; the growth of intemperance. Idle weeds are fast in growth.

Growth (n.) That which has grown or is growing; anything produced; product; consequence; effect; result.

Growthead (n.) A lazy person; a blockhead.

Groyne (n.) See Groin.

Grub (n.) The larva of an insect, especially of a beetle; -- called also grubworm. See Illust. of Goldsmith beetle, under Goldsmith.

Grub (n.) A short, thick man; a dwarf.

Grub (n.) Victuals; food.

Grubber (n.) One who, or that which, grubs; especially, a machine or tool of the nature of a grub ax, grub hook, etc.

Grubby (n.) Any species of Cottus; a sculpin.

Grubworm (n.) See Grub, n., 1.

Grudge (n.) Sullen malice or malevolence; cherished malice, enmity, or dislike; ill will; an old cause of hatred or quarrel.

Grudge (n.) Slight symptom of disease.

Gruddger (n.) One who grudges.

Grudgingness (n.) The state or quality of grudging, or of being full of grudge or unwillingness.

Gruel (n.) A light, liquid food, made by boiling meal of maize, oatmeal, or fiour in water or milk; thin porridge.

Grumble (n.) The noise of one that grumbles.

Grumble (n.) A grumbling, discontented disposition.

Grumbler (n.) One who grumbles.

Grume (n.) A thick, viscid fluid; a clot, as of blood.

Grumousness (n.) The state of being grumous.

Grundel (n.) A groundling (fish).

Grundsel (n.) Groundsel.

Grunt (n.) A deep, guttural sound, as of a hog.

Grunt (n.) Any one of several species of American food fishes, of the genus Haemulon, allied to the snappers, as, the black grunt (A. Plumieri), and the redmouth grunt (H. auro

Grunter (n.) One who, or that which, grunts; specifically, a hog.

Grunter (n.) One of several American marine fishes. See Sea robin, and Grunt, n., 2.

Grunter (n.) A hook used in lifting a crucible.

Gruntling (n.) A young hog.

Gry (n.) A measure equal to one tenth of a

Gry (n.) Anything very small, or of little value.

Gryfon (n.) See Griffin.

Gryllus (n.) A genus of insects including the common crickets.

Grype (n.) A vulture; the griffin.

Gryphaea (n.) A genus of cretaceous fossil shells allied to the oyster.

Gryphite (n.) A shell of the genus Gryphea.

Gryphon (n.) The griffin vulture.

Grysbok (n.) A small South African antelope (Neotragus melanotis). It is speckled with gray and chestnut, above; the under parts are reddish fawn.

Guacharo (n.) A nocturnal bird of South America and Trinidad (Steatornis Caripensis, or S. steatornis); -- called also oilbird.

Guacho (n.) One of the mixed-blood (Spanish-Indian) inhabitants of the pampas of South America; a mestizo.

Guacho (n.) An Indian who serves as a messenger.

Guaco (n.) A plant (Aristolochia anguicida) of Carthagena, used as an antidote to serpent bites.

Guaco (n.) The Mikania Guaco, of Brazil, used for the same purpose.

Guaiac (n.) Guaiacum.

Guaiacum (n.) A genus of small, crooked trees, growing in tropical America.

Guaiacum (n.) The heart wood or the resin of the Guaiacum offinale or lignum-vitae, a large tree of the West Indies and Central America. It is much used in medicine.

Guan (n.) Any one of many species of large gallinaceous birds of Central and South America, belonging to Penelope, Pipile, Ortalis, and allied genera. Several of the species are often domesticated.

Guana (n.) See Iguana.

Guanaco (n.) A South American mammal (Auchenia huanaco), allied to the llama, but of larger size and more graceful form, inhabiting the southern Andes and Patagonia. It is supposed by some to be the llama in a wild state.

Guanidine (n.) A strongly alka

Guanin (n.) A crystal

Guano (n.) A substance found in great abundance on some coasts or islands frequented by sea fowls, and composed chiefly of their excrement. It is rich in phosphates and ammonia, and is used as a powerful fertilizer.

Guara (n.) The scarlet ibis. See Ibis.

Guara (n.) A large-maned wild dog of South America (Canis jubatus) -- named from its cry.

Guarana (n.) A preparation from the seeds of Paullinia sorbilis, a woody climber of Brazil, used in making an astringent drink, and also in the cure of headache.

Guaranine (n.) An alkaloid extracted from guarana. Same as Caffeine.

Guarantee (n.) In law and common usage: A promise to answer for the payment of some debt, or the performance of some duty, in case of the failure of another person, who is, in the first instance, liable to such payment or performance; an engagement which secures or insures another against a contingency; a warranty; a security. Same as Guaranty.

Guarantee (n.) One who binds himself to see an undertaking of another performed; a guarantor.

Guarantee (n.) The person to whom a guaranty is made; -- the correlative of guarantor.

Guarantee (n.) In law and common usage: to undertake or engage for the payment of (a debt) or the performance of (a duty) by another person; to undertake to secure (a possession, right, claim, etc.) to another against a specified contingency, or at all avents; to give a guarantee concerning; to engage, assure, or secure as a thing that may be depended on; to warrant; as, to guarantee the execution of a treaty.

Guarantor (n.) One who makes or gives a guaranty; a warrantor; a surety.

Guarantor (n.) One who engages to secure another in any right or possession.

Guaranty (n.) In law and common usage: An undertaking to answer for the payment of some debt, or the performance of some contract or duty, of another, in case of the failure of such other to pay or perform; a guarantee; a warranty; a security.

Guaranty (n.) In law and common usage: To undertake or engage that another person shall perform (what he has stipulated); to undertake to be answerable for (the debt or default of another); to engage to answer for the performance of (some promise or duty by another) in case of a failure by the latter to perform; to undertake to secure (something) to another, as in the case of a contingency. See Guarantee, v. t.

Guard (n.) To protect from danger; to secure against surprise, attack, or injury; to keep in safety; to defend; to shelter; to shield from surprise or attack; to protect by attendance; to accompany for protection; to care for.

Guard (n.) To keep watch over, in order to prevent escape or restrain from acts of violence, or the like.

Guard (n.) To protect the edge of, esp. with an ornamental border; hence, to face or ornament with lists, laces, etc.

Guard (n.) To fasten by binding; to gird.

Guardant (n.) A guardian.

Guardenage (n.) Guardianship.

Guarder (n.) One who guards.

Guardfish (n.) The garfish.

Guardhouse (n.) A building which is occupied by the guard, and in which soldiers are confined for misconduct; hence, a lock-up.

Guardianage (n.) Guardianship.

Guardiance (n.) Guardianship.

Guardianess (n.) A female guardian.

Guardianship (n.) The office, duty, or care, of a guardian; protection; care; watch.

Guardroom (n.) The room occupied by the guard during its term of duty; also, a room where prisoners are confined.

Guardship (n.) Care; protection.

Guardsman (n.) One who guards; a guard.

Guardsman (n.) A member, either officer or private, of any military body called Guards.

Guava (n.) A tropical tree, or its fruit, of the genus Psidium. Two varieties are well known, the P. pyriferum, or white guava, and P. pomiferum, or red guava. The fruit or berry is shaped like a pomegranate, but is much smaller. It is somewhat astringent, but makes a delicious jelly.

Gubernance (n.) Government.

Gubernation (n.) The act of governing; government

Gudgeon (n.) A small European freshwater fish (Gobio fluviatilis), allied to the carp. It is easily caught and often used for food and for bait. In America the killifishes or minnows are often called gudgeons.

Gudgeon (n.) What may be got without skill or merit.

Gudgeon (n.) A person easily duped or cheated.

Gudgeon (n.) The pin of iron fastened in the end of a wooden shaft or axle, on which it turns; formerly, any journal, or pivot, or bearing, as the pintle and eye of a hinge, but esp. the end journal of a horizontal.

Gudgeon (n.) A metal eye or socket attached to the sternpost to receive the pintle of the rudder.

Gue (n.) A sharper; a rogue.

Gueber (n.) Alt. of Guebre

Guebre (n.) Same as Gheber.

Guelderrose' (n.) A cultivated variety of a species of Viburnum (V. Opulus), bearing large bunches of white flowers; -- called also snowball tree.

Guelph (n.) Alt. of Guelf

Guelf (n.) One of a faction in Germany and Italy, in the 12th and 13th centuries, which supported the House of Guelph and the pope, and opposed the Ghibel

Guenon (n.) One of several long-tailed Oriental monkeys, of the genus Cercocebus, as the green monkey and grivet.

Gueparde (n.) The cheetah.

Guerdon (n.) A reward; requital; recompense; -- used in both a good and a bad sense.

Guerdon (n.) To give guerdon to; to reward; to be a recompense for.

Guereza (n.) A beautiful Abyssinian monkey (Colobus guereza), having the body black, with a fringe of long, silky, white hair along the sides, and a tuft of the same at the end of the tail. The frontal band, cheeks, and chin are white.

Guerite (n.) A projecting turret for a sentry, as at the salient angles of works, or the acute angles of bastions.

Guerrilla (n.) An irregular mode of carrying on war, by the constant attacks of independent bands, adopted in the north of Spain during the Peninsular war.

Guerrilla (n.) One who carries on, or assists in carrying on, irregular warfare; especially, a member of an independent band engaged in predatory excursions in war time.

Guess (n.) An opinion as to anything, formed without sufficient or decisive evidence or grounds; an attempt to hit upon the truth by a random judgment; a conjecture; a surmise.

Guesser (n.) One who guesses; one who forms or gives an opinion without means of knowing.

Guesswork (n.) Work performed, or results obtained, by guess; conjecture.

Guest (n.) A visitor; a person received and entertained in one's house or at one's table; a visitor entertained without pay.

Gue'vi (n.) One of several very small species and varieties of African antelopes, of the genus Cephalophus, as the Cape guevi or kleeneboc (Cephalophus pygmaea); -- called also pygmy antelope.

Guffaw (n.) A loud burst of laughter; a horse laugh.

Guffer (n.) The eelpout; guffer eel.

Guhr (n.) A loose, earthy deposit from water, found in the cavities or clefts of rocks, mostly white, but sometimes red or yellow, from a mixture of clay or ocher.

Guiac (n.) Same as Guaiac.

Guiacol (n.) A colorless liquid, C6H4,OCH3.OH, resembling the phenols, found as a constituent of woodtar creosote, aud produced by the dry distillation of guaiac resin.

Guiacum (n.) Same as Guaiacum.

Guib (n.) A West African antelope (Tragelaphus scriptus), curiously marked with white stripes and spots on a reddish fawn ground, and hence called harnessed antelope; -- called also guiba.

Guicowar (n.) [Mahratta g/ekw/r, prop., a cowherd.] The title of the sovereign of Guzerat, in Western India; -- generally called the Guicowar of Baroda, which is the capital of the country.

Guidage (n.) The reward given to a guide for services.

Guidage (n.) Guidance; lead; direction.

Guidance (n.) The act or result of guiding; the superintendence or assistance of a guide; direction; government; a leading.

Guideboard (n.) A board, as upon a guidepost having upon it directions or information as to the road.

Guidebook (n.) A book of directions and information for travelers, tourists, etc.

Guidepost (n.) A post at the fork of a road, with a guideboard on it, to direct travelers.

Guider (n.) A guide; a director.

Guideress (n.) A female guide.

Guidguid (n.) A South American ant bird of the genus Hylactes; -- called also barking bird.

Gulge (n.) See Gige.

Guilder (n.) A Dutch silver coin worth about forty cents; -- called also florin and gulden.

Guildhall (n.) The hall where a guild or corporation usually assembles; a townhall.

Guile (n.) Craft; deceitful cunning; artifice; duplicity; wile; deceit; treachery.

Guile (n.) To disguise or conceal; to deceive or delude.

Guilor (n.) A deceiver; one who deludes, or uses guile.

Guillemet (n.) A quotation mark.

Guillemot (n.) One of several northern sea birds, allied to the auks. They have short legs, placed far back, and are expert divers and swimmers.

Guillevat (n.) A vat for fermenting liquors.

Guilloche (n.) An ornament in the form of two or more bands or strings twisted over each other in a continued series, leaving circular openings which are filled with round ornaments.

Guillotine (n.) A machine for beheading a person by one stroke of a heavy ax or blade, which slides in vertical guides, is raised by a cord, and let fall upon the neck of the victim.

Guillotine (n.) Any machine or instrument for cutting or shearing, resembling in its action a guillotine.

Guiltiness (n.) The quality or state of being guilty.

Guinea (n.) A district on the west coast of Africa (formerly noted for its export of gold and slaves) after which the Guinea fowl, Guinea grass, Guinea peach, etc., are named.

Guinea (n.) A gold coin of England current for twenty-one shillings sterling, or about five dollars, but not coined since the issue of sovereigns in 1817.

Guipure (n.) A term used for lace of different kinds; most properly for a lace of large pattern and heavy material which has no ground or mesh, but has the pattern held together by connecting threads called bars or brides.

Guirland (n.) See Garland.

Guise (n.) Customary way of speaking or acting; custom; fashion; manner; behavior; mien; mode; practice; -- often used formerly in such phrases as: at his own guise; that is, in his own fashion, to suit himself.

Guise (n.) External appearance in manner or dress; appropriate indication or expression; garb; shape.

Guise (n.) Cover; cloak; as, under the guise of patriotism.

Guiser (n.) A person in disguise; a masker; a mummer.

Guitar (n.) A stringed instrument of music resembling the lute or the violin, but larger, and having six strings, three of silk covered with silver wire, and three of catgut, -- played upon with the fingers.

Guitguit (n.) One of several species of small tropical American birds of the family Coerebidae, allied to the creepers; -- called also quit. See Quit.

Gula (n.) The upper front of the neck, next to the chin; the upper throat.

Gula (n.) A plate which in most insects supports the submentum.

Gula (n.) A capping molding. Same as Cymatium.

Gulaund (n.) An arctic sea bird.

Gulch (n.) Act of gulching or gulping.

Gulch (n.) A glutton.

Gulch (n.) A ravine, or part of the deep bed of a torrent when dry; a gully.

Guid (n.) A flower. See Gold.

Gulden (n.) See Guilder.

Gule (n.) The throat; the gullet.

Gules (n.) The tincture red, indicated in seals and engraved figures of escutcheons by parallel vertical

Gulf (n.) A hollow place in the earth; an abyss; a deep chasm or basin,

Gulf (n.) That which swallows; the gullet.

Gulf (n.) That which swallows irretrievably; a whirlpool; a sucking eddy.

Gulf (n.) A portion of an ocean or sea extending into the land; a partially land-locked sea; as, the Gulf of Mexico.

Gulf (n.) A large deposit of ore in a lode.

Gulgul (n.) A cement made in India from sea shells, pulverized and mixed with oil, and spread over a ship's bottom, to prevent the boring of worms.

Gulist (n.) A glutton.

Gull (n.) A cheating or cheat; trick; fraud.

Gull (n.) One easily cheated; a dupe.

Gull (n.) One of many species of long-winged sea birds of the genus Larus and allied genera.

Gullage (n.) Act of being gulled.

Guller (n.) One who gulls; a deceiver.

Gullery (n.) An act, or the practice, of gulling; trickery; fraud.

Gullet (n.) The tube by which food and drink are carried from the pharynx to the stomach; the esophagus.

Gullet (n.) Something shaped like the food passage, or performing similar functions

Gullet (n.) A channel for water.

Gullet (n.) A preparatory cut or channel in excavations, of sufficient width for the passage of earth wagons.

Gullet (n.) A concave cut made in the teeth of some saw blades.

Gulleting (n.) A system of excavating by means of gullets or channels.

Gully (n.) A large knife.

Gully (n.) A channel or hollow worn in the earth by a current of water; a short deep portion of a torrent's bed when dry.

Gully (n.) A grooved iron rail or tram plate.

Gulosity (n.) Excessive appetite; greediness; voracity.

Gulp (n.) The act of taking a large mouthful; a swallow, or as much as is awallowed at once.

Gulp (n.) A disgorging.

Gulph (n.) See Gulf.

Gult (n.) Guilt. See Guilt.

Gum (n.) The dense tissues which invest the teeth, and cover the adjacent parts of the jaws.

Gum (n.) A vegetable secretion of many trees or plants that hardens when it exudes, but is soluble in water; as, gum arabic; gum tragacanth; the gum of the cherry tree. Also, with less propriety, exudations that are not soluble in water; as, gum copal and gum sandarac, which are really resins.

Gum (n.) See Gum tree, below.

Gum (n.) A hive made of a section of a hollow gum tree; hence, any roughly made hive; also, a vessel or bin made of a hollow log.

Gum (n.) A rubber overshoe.

Gumbo (n.) A soup thickened with the mucilaginous pods of the okra; okra soup.

Gumbo (n.) The okra plant or its pods.

Gumboil (n.) A small suppurting inflamed spot on the gum.

Gumma (n.) A kind of soft tumor, usually of syphilitic origin.

Gummer (n.) A punch-cutting tool, or machine for deepening and enlarging the spaces between the teeth of a worn saw.

Gumminess (n.) The state or quality of being gummy; viscousness.

Gummite (n.) A yellow amorphous mineral, essentially a hydrated oxide of uranium derived from the alteration of uraninite.

Gummosity (n.) Gumminess; a viscous or adhesive quality or nature.

Gump (n.) A dolt; a dunce.

Gumption (n.) Capacity; shrewdness; common sense.

Gumption (n.) The art of preparing colors.

Gumption (n.) Megilp.

Gun (n.) A weapon which throws or propels a missile to a distance; any firearm or instrument for throwing projectiles by the explosion of gunpowder, consisting of a tube or barrel closed at one end, in which the projectile is placed, with an explosive charge behind, which is ignited by various means. Muskets, rifles, carbines, and fowling pieces are smaller guns, for hand use, and are called small arms. Larger guns are called cannon, ordnance, fieldpieces, carronades, howitzers, etc. See t>

Gun (n.) A piece of heavy ordnance; in a restricted sense, a cannon.

Gun (n.) Violent blasts of wind.

Guna (n.) In Sanskrit grammar, a lengthening of the simple vowels a, i, e, by prefixing an a element. The term is sometimes used to denote the same vowel change in other languages.

Gunarchy (n.) See Gynarchy.

Gunboat (n.) A vessel of light draught, carrying one or more guns.

Gundelet (n.) See Gondola.

Gunflint (n.) A sharpened flint for the lock of a gun, to ignite the charge. It was in common use before the introduction of percussion caps.

Gunjah (n.) See Ganja.

Gunlock (n.) The lock of a gun, for producing the discharge. See Lock.

Gunnage (n.) The number of guns carried by a ship of war.

Gunnel (n.) A gunwale.

Gunnel (n.) A small, eel-shaped, marine fish of the genus Muraenoides; esp., M. gunnellus of Europe and America; -- called also gunnel fish, butterfish, rock eel.

Gunner (n.) One who works a gun, whether on land or sea; a cannoneer.

Gunner (n.) A warrant officer in the navy having charge of the ordnance on a vessel.

Gunner (n.) The great northern diver or loon. See Loon.

Gunner (n.) The sea bream.

Gunnery (n.) That branch of military science which comprehends the theory of projectiles, and the manner of constructing and using ordnance.

Gunnie (n.) Space left by the removal of ore.

Gunning (n.) The act or practice of hunting or shooting game with a gun.

Gunocracy (n.) See Gyneocracy.

Gunpowder (n.) A black, granular, explosive substance, consisting of an intimate mechanical mixture of niter, charcoal, and sulphur. It is used in gunnery and blasting.

Gunreach (n.) The reach or distance to which a gun will shoot; gunshot.

Gunroom (n.) An apartment on the after end of the lower gun deck of a ship of war, usually occupied as a messroom by the commissioned officers, except the captain; -- called wardroom in the United States navy.

Gunshot (n.) Act of firing a gun; a shot.

Gunshot (n.) The distance to which shot can be thrown from a gun, so as to be effective; the reach or range of a gun.

Gunsmith (n.) One whose occupation is to make or repair small firearms; an armorer.

Gunsmithery (n.) Alt. of Gunsmith ing

Gunsmith ing (n.) The art or business of a gunsmith.

Gunstick (n.) A stick to ram down the charge of a musket, etc.; a rammer or ramrod.

Gunstock (n.) The stock or wood to which the barrel of a hand gun is fastened.

Gunstome (n.) A cannon ball; -- so called because originally made of stone.

Gunwale (n.) The upper edge of a vessel's or boat's side; the uppermost wale of a ship (not including the bulwarks); or that piece of timber which reaches on either side from the quarter-deck to the forecastle, being the uppermost bend, which finishes the upper works of the hull.

Gurge (n.) A whirlpool.

Gurgle (n.) The act of gurgling; a broken, bubbling noise. "Tinkling gurgles."

Gurglet (n.) A porous earthen jar for cooling water by evaporation.

Gurgoyle (n.) See Gargoyle.

Gurjun (n.) A thin balsam or wood oil derived from the Diptcrocarpus laevis, an East Indian tree. It is used in medicine, and as a substitute for linseed oil in the coarser kinds of paint.

Gurl (n.) A young person of either sex. [Obs.] See Girl.

Gurlet (n.) A pickax with one sharp point and one cutting edge.

Gurmy (n.) A level; a working.

Gurnard (n.) Alt. of Gurnet

Gurnet (n.) One ofseveral European marine fishes, of the genus Trigla and allied genera, having a large and spiny head, with mailed cheeks. Some of the species are highly esteemed for food. The name is sometimes applied to the American sea robins.

Gurniad (n.) See Gwiniad.

Gurry (n.) An alvine evacuation; also, refuse matter.

Gurry (n.) A small fort.

Gurt (n.) A gutter or channel for water, hewn out of the bottom of a working drift.

Gusher (n.) One who gushes.

Gusset (n.) A small piece of cloth inserted in a garment, for the purpose of strengthening some part or giving it a tapering enlargement.

Gusset (n.) Anything resembling a gusset in a garment

Gusset (n.) A small piece of chain mail at the openings of the joints beneath the arms.

Gusset (n.) A kind of bracket, or angular piece of iron, fastened in the angles of a structure to give strength or stiffness; esp., the part joining the barrel and the fire box of a locomotive boiler.

Gusset (n.) An abatement or mark of dishonor in a coat of arms, resembling a gusset.

Gust (n.) A sudden squall; a violent blast of wind; a sudden and brief rushing or driving of the wind. Snow, and hail, stormy gust and flaw.

Gust (n.) A sudden violent burst of passion.

Gust (n.) The sense or pleasure of tasting; relish; gusto.

Gust (n.) Gratification of any kind, particularly that which is exquisitely relished; enjoyment.

Gust (n.) Intellectual taste; fancy.

Gustable (n.) Anything that can be tasted.

Gustard (n.) The great bustard.

Gustation (n.) The act of tasting.

Gusto (n.) Nice or keen appreciation or enjoyment; relish; taste; fancy.

Gut (n.) A narrow passage of water; as, the Gut of Canso.

Gut (n.) An intenstine; a bowel; the whole alimentary canal; the enteron; (pl.) bowels; entrails.

Gut (n.) One of the prepared entrails of an animal, esp. of a sheep, used for various purposes. See Catgut.

Gut (n.) The sac of silk taken from a silkworm (when ready to spin its cocoon), for the purpose of drawing it out into a thread. This, when dry, is exceedingly strong, and is used as the snood of a fish

Gutta (n.) A drop.

Gutta (n.) One of a series of ornaments, in the form of a frustum of a cone, attached to the lower part of the triglyphs, and also to the lower faces of the mutules, in the Doric order; -- called also campana, and drop.

Gutta-percha (n.) A concrete juice produced by various trees found in the Malayan archipelago, especially by the Isonandra, / Dichopsis, Gutta. It becomes soft, and unpressible at the tamperature of boiling water, and, on cooling, retains its new shape. It dissolves in oils and ethers, but not in water. In many of its properties it resembles caoutchouc, and it is extensively used for many economical purposes. The Mimusops globosa of Guiana also yields this material.

Guttatrap (n.) The inspissated juice of a tree of the genus Artocarpus (A. incisa, or breadfruit tree), sometimes used in making birdlime, on account of its glutinous quality.

Gutter (n.) A channel at the eaves of a roof for conveying away the rain; an eaves channel; an eaves trough.

Gutter (n.) A small channel at the roadside or elsewhere, to lead off surface water.

Gutter (n.) Any narrow channel or groove; as, a gutter formed by erosion in the vent of a gun from repeated firing.

Guttifer (n.) A plant that exudes gum or resin.

Guttle (n.) To put into the gut; to swallow greedily; to gorge; to gormandize. [Obs.] L'Estrange.

Guttler (n.) A greedy eater; a glutton.

Guttural (n.) A sound formed in the throat; esp., a sound formed by the aid of the back of the tongue, much retracted, and the soft palate; also, a letter representing such a sound.

Gutturalism (n.) The quality of being guttural; as, the gutturalism of A [in the 16th cent.]

Gutturality (n.) The quality of being guttural.

Gutturalness (n.) The quality of being guttural.

Gutwort (n.) A plant, Globularia Alypum, a violent purgative, found in Africa.

Guy (n.) A rope, chain, or rod attached to anything to steady it; as: a rope to steady or guide an object which is being hoisted or lowered; a rope which holds in place the end of a boom, spar, or yard in a ship; a chain or wire rope connecting a suspension bridge with the land on either side to prevent lateral swaying; a rod or rope attached to the top of a structure, as of a derrick, and extending obliquely to the ground, where it is fastened.

Guy (n.) A grotesque effigy, like that of Guy Fawkes, dressed up in England on the fifth of November, the day of the Gunpowder Plot.

Guy (n.) A person of queer looks or dress.

Guze (n.) A roundlet of tincture sanguine, which is blazoned without mention of the tincture.

Guzzle (n.) An insatiable thing or person.

Guzzler (n.) An immoderate drinker.

Gwiniad (n.) A fish (Coregonus ferus) of North Wales and Northern Europe, allied to the lake whitefish; -- called also powan, and schelly.

Gyall (n.) See Gayal.

Gyb (n.) Alt. of Gybe

Gybe (n.) See Jib.

Gyle (n.) Fermented wort used for making vinegar.

Gymnasiarch (n.) An Athenian officer who superintended the gymnasia, and provided the oil and other necessaries at his own expense.

Gymnasium (n.) A place or building where athletic exercises are performed; a school for gymnastics.

Gymnasium (n.) A school for the higher branches of literature and science; a preparatory school for the university; -- used esp. of German schools of this kind.

Gymnast (n.) One who teaches or practices gymnastic exercises; the manager of a gymnasium; an athlete.

Gymnastic (n.) A gymnast.

Gymnastics (n.) Athletic or disciplinary exercises; the art of performing gymnastic exercises; also, disciplinary exercises for the intellect or character.

Gymnic (n.) Athletic exercise.

Gymnite (n.) A hydrous silicate of magnesia.

Gymnocladus (n.) A genus of leguminous plants; the Kentucky coffee tree. The leaves are cathartic, and the seeds a substitute for coffee.

Gymnocyte (n.) A cytode without a proper cell wall, but with a nucleus.

Gymnocytode (n.) A cytode without either a cell wall or a nucleus.

Gymnodont (n.) One of a group of plectognath fishes (Gymnodontes), having the teeth and jaws consolidated into one or two bony plates, on each jaw, as the diodonts and tetradonts. See Bur fish, Globefish, Diodon.

Gymnogen (n.) One of a class of plants, so called by Lindley, because the ovules are fertilized by direct contact of the pollen. Same as Gymnosperm.

Gymnoplast (n.) A cell or mass of protoplasm devoid of an envelope, as a white blood corpuscle.

Gymnosophist (n.) One of a sect of philosophers, said to have been found in India by Alexander the Great, who went almost naked, denied themselves the use of flesh, renounced bodily pleasures, and employed themselves in the contemplation of nature.

Gymnosophy (n.) The doctrines of the Gymnosophists.

Gymnosperm (n.) A plant that bears naked seeds (i. e., seeds not inclosed in an ovary), as the common pine and hemlock. Cf. Angiosperm.

Gymnospermous (n.) Having naked seeds, or seeds not inclosed in a capsule or other vessel.

Gymnospermous (n.) Belonging to the class of plants consisting of gymnosperms.

Gymnotus (n.) A genus of South American fresh-water fishes, including the Gymnotus electricus, or electric eel. It has a greenish, eel-like body, and is possessed of electric power.

Gynaeceum (n.) Alt. of Gynaecium

Gynaecium (n.) The part of a large house, among the ancients, exclusively appropriated to women.

Gynaecophore (n.) A ventral canal or groove, in which the males of some di/cious trematodes carry the female. See Illust. of Haematozoa.

Gynander (n.) A plant having the stamens inserted in the pistil.

Gynandromorph (n.) An animal affected with gynandromorphism,

Gynandromorphism (n.) An abnormal condition of certain animals, in which one side has the external characters of the male, and the other those of the female.

Gynarchy (n.) Government by a woman.

Gyneceum (n.) See Gynaeceum.

Gynecocracy (n.) Government by a woman, female power; gyneocracy.

Gynecology (n.) The science which treats of the structure and diseases of women.

Gyneocracy (n.) See Gynecocracy.

Gyneolatry (n.) The adoration or worship of woman.

Gynephobia (n.) Hatred of women; repugnance to the society of women.

Gynobase (n.) A dilated base or receptacle, supporting a multilocular ovary.

Gynocracy (n.) Female government; gynecocracy.

Gynoecium (n.) The pistils of a flower, taken collectively. See Illust. of Carpophore.

Gynophore (n.) The pedicel raising the pistil or ovary above the stamens, as in the passion flower.

Gynophore (n.) One of the branches bearing the female gonophores, in certain Siphonophora.

Gyp (n.) A college servant; -- so called in Cambridge, England; at Oxford called a scout.

Gypse (n.) See Gypsum.

Gypsey (n.) A gypsy. See Gypsy.

Gypsography (n.) The act or art of engraving on gypsum.

Gypsoplast (n.) A cast taken in plaster of Paris, or in white lime.

Gypsum (n.) A mineral consisting of the hydrous sulphate of lime (calcium). When calcined, it forms plaster of Paris. Selenite is a transparent, crystal

Gypsy (n.) One of a vagabond race, whose tribes, coming originally from India, entered Europe in 14th or 15th centry, and are now scattered over Turkey, Russia, Hungary, Spain, England, etc., living by theft, fortune telling, horsejockeying, tinkering, etc. Cf. Bohemian, Romany.

Gypsy (n.) The language used by the gypsies.

Gypsy (n.) A dark-complexioned person.

Gypsy (n.) A cunning or crafty person

Gypsyism (n.) The arts and practices or habits of gypsies; deception; cheating; flattery.

Gypsyism (n.) The state of a gypsy.

Gypsywort (n.) A labiate plant (the Lycopus Europaeus). Gypsies are said to stain their skin with its juice.

Gyracanthus (n.) A genus of fossil fishes, found in Devonian and carboniferous strata; -- so named from their round, sculptured spines.

Gyrate (n.) To revolve round a central point; to move spirally about an axis, as a tornado; to revolve.

Gyration (n.) The act of turning or whirling, as around a fixed center; a circular or spiral motion; motion about an axis; rotation; revolution.

Gyration (n.) One of the whorls of a spiral univalve shell.

Gyre (n.) A circular motion, or a circle described by a moving body; a turn or revolution; a circuit.

Gyrfalcon (n.) One of several species and varieties of large Arctic falcons, esp. Falco rusticolus and the white species F. Islandicus, both of which are circumpolar. The black and the gray are varieties of the former. See Illust. of Accipiter.

Gyrodus (n.) A genus of extinct oolitic fishes, having rounded teeth in several rows adapted for crushing.

Gyrogonite (n.) The petrified fruit of the Chara hispida, a species of stonewort. See Stonewort.

Gyrolepis (n.) A genus of ganoid fishes, found in strata of the new red sandetone, and the lias bone beds.

Gyroma (n.) A turning round.

Gyromancy (n.) A kind of divination performed by drawing a ring or circle, and walking in or around it.

Gyron (n.) A subordinary of triangular form having one of its angles at the fess point and the opposite aide at the edge of the escutcheon. When there is only one gyron on the shield it is bounded by two

Gyropigeon (n.) A flying object simulating a pigeon in flight, when projected from a spring trap. It is used as a flying target in shooting matches.

Gyroscope (n.) A rotating wheel, mounted in a ring or rings, for illustrating the dynamics of rotating bodies, the composition of rotations, etc. It was devised by Professor W. R. Johnson, in 1832, by whom it was called the rotascope.

Gyroscope (n.) A form of the above apparatus, invented by M. Foucault, mounted so delicately as to render visible the rotation of the earth, through the tendency of the rotating wheel to preserve a constant plane of rotation, independently of the earth's motion.

Gyrostat (n.) A modification of the gyroscope, consisting essentially of a fly wheel fixed inside a rigid case to which is attached a thin flange of metal for supporting the instrument. It is used in studying the dynamics of rotating bodies.

Gyrostatics (n.) The doctrine or theory of the gyrostat, or of the phenomena of rotating bodies.

Gyrus (n.) A convoluted ridge between grooves; a convolution; as, the gyri of the brain; the gyri of brain coral. See Brain.

Gyse (n.) Guise.

Gyve (n.) A shackle; especially, one to confine the legs; a fetter.

About the author

Mark McCracken

Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".

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