Singular Nouns Starting with H

Haaf (n.) The deepsea fishing for cod, ling, and tusk, off the Shetland Isles.

Haak (n.) A sea fish. See Hake.

Haar (n.) A fog; esp., a fog or mist with a chill wind.

Habendum (n.) That part of a deed which follows the part called the premises, and determines the extent of the interest or estate granted; -- so called because it begins with the word Habendum.

Haberdasher (n.) A dealer in small wares, as tapes, pins, needles, and thread; also, a hatter.

Haberdasher (n.) A dealer in drapery goods of various descriptions, as laces, silks, trimmings, etc.

Haberdashery (n.) The goods and wares sold by a haberdasher; also (Fig.), trifles.

Haberdine (n.) A cod salted and dried.

Habergeon (n.) Properly, a short hauberk, but often used loosely for the hauberk.

Habiliment (n.) A garment; an article of clothing.

Habiliment (n.) Dress, in general.

Habilitation (n.) Equipment; qualification.

Hability (n.) Ability; aptitude.

Habit (n.) The usual condition or state of a person or thing, either natural or acquired, regarded as something had, possessed, and firmly retained; as, a religious habit; his habit is morose; elms have a spreading habit; esp., physical temperament or constitution; as, a full habit of body.

Habit (n.) The general appearance and manner of life of a living organism.

Habit (n.) Fixed or established custom; ordinary course of conduct; practice; usage; hence, prominently, the involuntary tendency or aptitude to perform certain actions which is acquired by their frequent repetition; as, habit is second nature; also, peculiar ways of acting; characteristic forms of behavior.

Habit (n.) Outward appearance; attire; dress; hence, a garment; esp., a closely fitting garment or dress worn by ladies; as, a riding habit.

Habit (n.) To inhabit.

Habit (n.) To dress; to clothe; to array.

Habit (n.) To accustom; to habituate. [Obs.] Chapman.

Habitability (n.) Habitableness.

Habitan (n.) Same as Habitant, 2.

Habitance (n.) Dwelling; abode; residence.

Habiitancy (n.) Same as Inhabitancy.

Habitation (n.) The act of inhabiting; state of inhabiting or dwelling, or of being inhabited; occupancy.

Habitation (n.) Place of abode; settled dwelling; residence; house.

Habitator (n.) A dweller; an inhabitant.

Habitual (n.) Formed or acquired by habit or use.

Habitual (n.) According to habit; established by habit; customary; constant; as, the habiual practice of sin.

Habituation (n.) The act of habituating, or accustoming; the state of being habituated.

Habitude (n.) Habitual attitude; usual or accustomed state with reference to something else; established or usual relations.

Habitude (n.) Habitual association, intercourse, or familiarity.

Habitude (n.) Habit of body or of action.

Habitue (n.) One who habitually frequents a place; as, an habitue of a theater.

Habiture (n.) Habitude.

Habitus (n.) Habitude; mode of life; general appearance.

Hachure (n.) A short

Hacienda (n.) A large estate where work of any kind is done, as agriculture, manufacturing, mining, or raising of animals; a cultivated farm, with a good house, in distinction from a farming establishment with rude huts for herdsmen, etc.; -- a word used in Spanish-American regions.

Hack (n.) A frame or grating of various kinds; as, a frame for drying bricks, fish, or cheese; a rack for feeding cattle; a grating in a mill race, etc.

Hack (n.) Unburned brick or tile, stacked up for drying.

Hack (n.) A notch; a cut.

Hack (n.) An implement for cutting a notch; a large pick used in breaking stone.

Hack (n.) A hacking; a catch in speaking; a short, broken cough.

Hack (n.) A kick on the shins.

Hack (n.) A horse, hackneyed or let out for common hire; also, a horse used in all kinds of work, or a saddle horse, as distinguished from hunting and carriage horses.

Hack (n.) A coach or carriage let for hire; particularly, a a coach with two seats inside facing each other; a hackney coach.

Hack (n.) A bookmaker who hires himself out for any sort of literary work; an overworked man; a drudge.

Hack (n.) A procuress.

Hackamore (n.) A halter consisting of a long leather or rope strap and headstall, -- used for leading or tieing a pack animal.

Hackberry (n.) A genus of trees (Celtis) related to the elm, but bearing drupes with scanty, but often edible, pulp. C. occidentalis is common in the Eastern United States.

Hackbolt (n.) The greater shearwater or hagdon. See Hagdon.

Hackbuss (n.) Same as Hagbut.

Hackee (n.) The chipmunk; also, the chickaree or red squirrel.

Hacker (n.) One who, or that which, hacks. Specifically: A cutting instrument for making notches; esp., one used for notching pine trees in collecting turpentine; a hack.

Hackery (n.) A cart with wooden wheels, drawn by bullocks.

Hackle (n.) A comb for dressing flax, raw silk, etc.; a hatchel.

Hackle (n.) Any flimsy substance unspun, as raw silk.

Hackle (n.) One of the peculiar, long, narrow feathers on the neck of fowls, most noticeable on the cock, -- often used in making artificial flies; hence, any feather so used.

Hackle (n.) An artificial fly for angling, made of feathers.

Hackman (n.) The driver of a hack or carriage for public hire.

Hackmatack (n.) The American larch (Larix Americana), a coniferous tree with slender deciduous leaves; also, its heavy, close-grained timber. Called also tamarack.

Hackney (n.) A horse for riding or driving; a nag; a pony.

Hackney (n.) A horse or pony kept for hire.

Hackney (n.) A carriage kept for hire; a hack; a hackney coach.

Hackney (n.) A hired drudge; a hireling; a prostitute.

Hackneyman (n.) A man who lets horses and carriages for hire.

Hackster (n.) A bully; a bravo; a ruffian; an assassin.

Hacqueton (n.) Same as Acton.

Hadder (n.) Heather; heath.

Haddie (n.) The haddock.

Haddock (n.) A marine food fish (Melanogrammus aeglefinus), allied to the cod, inhabiting the northern coasts of Europe and America. It has a dark lateral

Hade (n.) The descent of a hill.

Hade (n.) The inclination or deviation from the vertical of any mineral vein.

Hades (n.) The nether world (according to classical mythology, the abode of the shades, ruled over by Hades or Pluto); the invisible world; the grave.

Hadj (n.) The pilgrimage to Mecca, performed by Mohammedans.

Hadji (n.) A Mohammedan pilgrim to Mecca; -- used among Orientals as a respectful salutation or a title of honor.

Hadji (n.) A Greek or Armenian who has visited the holy sepulcher at Jerusalem.

Hadrosaurus (n.) An American herbivorous dinosaur of great size, allied to the iguanodon. It is found in the Cretaceous formation.

Haemachrome (n.) Hematin.

Haemacyanin (n.) A substance found in the blood of the octopus, which gives to it its blue color.

Haemacytometer (n.) An apparatus for determining the number of corpuscles in a given quantity of blood.

Haemadrometer (n.) Alt. of Haemadremometer

Haemadremometer (n.) Same as Hemadrometer.

Haemadrometry (n.) Alt. of Haemadromometry

Haemadromometry (n.) Same as Hemadrometry.

Haemadromograph (n.) An instrument for registering the velocity of the blood.

Haemadynamics (n.) Same as Hemadynamics.

Haemaphaein (n.) A brownish substance sometimes found in the blood, in cases of jaundice.

Haemapod (n.) An haemapodous animal.

Haemapophysis (n.) Same as Hemapophysis.

Haemastatics (n.) Same as Hemastatics.

Haematachometer (n.) A form of apparatus (somewhat different from the hemadrometer) for measuring the velocity of the blood.

Haematachometry (n.) The measurement of the velocity of the blood.

Haematemesis (n.) Same as Hematemesis.

Haematin (n.) Same as Hematin.

Haematinometer (n.) Same as Hematinometer.

Haematite (n.) Same as Hematite.

Haematoblast (n.) One of the very minute, disk-shaped bodies found in blood with the ordinary red corpuscles and white corpuscles; a third kind of blood corpuscle, supposed by some to be an early stage in the development of the red corpuscles; -- called also blood plaque, and blood plate.

Haematocrystallin (n.) Same as Hematocrystallin.

Haematodynamometer (n.) Same as Hemadynamometer.

Haematogenesis (n.) The origin and development of blood.

Haematogenesis (n.) The transformation of venous arterial blood by respiration; hematosis.

Haematoglobulin (n.) Same as Hematoglobin.

Haematoidin (n.) Same as Hematoidin.

Haematoin (n.) A substance formed from the hematin of blood, by removal of the iron through the action of concentrated sulphuric acid. Two like bodies, called respectively haematoporphyrin and haematolin, are formed in a similar manner.

Haematolin (n.) See Haematoin.

Haematology (n.) The science which treats of the blood. Same as Hematology.

Haematometer (n.) Same as Hemadynamometer.

Haematometer (n.) An instrument for determining the number of blood corpuscles in a given quantity of blood.

Haematoplast (n.) Same as Haematoblast.

Haematoporphyrin (n.) See Haematoin.

Haematosac (n.) A vascular sac connected, beneath the brain, in many fishes, with the infundibulum.

Haematoscope (n.) A haemoscope.

Haematosin (n.) Hematin.

Haematosis (n.) Same as Hematosis.

Haematothorax (n.) Same as Hemothorax.

Haematexylin (n.) The coloring principle of logwood. It is obtained as a yellow crystal

Haematoxylon (n.) A genus of leguminous plants containing but a single species, the H. Campechianum or logwood tree, native in Yucatan.

Haematozoon (n.) A parasite inhabiting the blood

Haematozoon (n.) Certain species of nematodes of the genus Filaria, sometimes found in the blood of man, the horse, the dog, etc.

Haematozoon (n.) The trematode, Bilharzia haematobia, which infests the inhabitants of Egypt and other parts of Africa, often causing death.

Haemin (n.) Same as Hemin.

Haemochrome (n.) Same as Haemachrome.

Haemochromogen (n.) A body obtained from hemoglobin, by the action of reducing agents in the absence of oxygen.

Haemochromometer (n.) An apparatus for measuring the amount of hemoglobin in a fluid, by comparing it with a solution of known strength and of normal color.

Haemocyanin (n.) Same as Haemacyanin.

Haemocytolysis (n.) See Haemocytotrypsis.

Haemocytometer (n.) See Haemacytometer.

Haemocytotrypsis (n.) A breaking up of the blood corpuscles, as by pressure, in distinction from solution of the corpuscles, or haemcytolysis.

Haemodromograph (n.) Same as Haemadromograph.

Haemodynameter (n.) Same as Hemadynamics.

Haemoglobin (n.) Same as Hemoglobin.

Haemoglobinometer (n.) Same as Hemochromometer.

Haemolutein (n.) See Hematoidin.

Haemomanometer (n.) Same as Hemadynamometer.

Haemometer (n.) Same as Hemadynamometer.

Haemony (n.) A plant described by Milton as "of sovereign use against all enchantments."

Haemoscope (n.) An instrument devised by Hermann, for regulating and measuring the thickness of a layer of blood for spectroscopic examination.

Haemotachometer (n.) Same as Haematachometer.

Haemotachometry (n.) Same as Haematachometry.

Haft (n.) A handle; that part of an instrument or vessel taken into the hand, and by which it is held and used; -- said chiefly of a knife, sword, or dagger; the hilt.

Haft (n.) A dwelling.

Hafter (n.) A caviler; a wrangler.

Hag (n.) A witch, sorceress, or enchantress; also, a wizard.

Hag (n.) An ugly old woman.

Hag (n.) A fury; a she-monster.

Hag (n.) An eel-like marine marsipobranch (Myxine glutinosa), allied to the lamprey. It has a suctorial mouth, with labial appendages, and a single pair of gill openings. It is the type of the order Hyperotpeta. Called also hagfish, borer, slime eel, sucker, and sleepmarken.

Hag (n.) The hagdon or shearwater.

Hag (n.) An appearance of light and fire on a horse's mane or a man's hair.

Hag (n.) A small wood, or part of a wood or copse, which is marked off or inclosed for felling, or which has been felled.

Hag (n.) A quagmire; mossy ground where peat or turf has been cut.

Hagberry (n.) A plant of the genus Prunus (P. Padus); the bird cherry.

Hagbut (n.) A harquebus, of which the but was bent down or hooked for convenience in taking aim.

Hagbutter (n.) A soldier armed with a hagbut or arquebus.

Hagdon (n.) One of several species of sea birds of the genus Puffinus; esp., P. major, the greater shearwarter, and P. Stricklandi, the black hagdon or sooty shearwater; -- called also hagdown, haglin, and hag. See Shearwater.

Haggada (n.) A story, anecdote, or legend in the Talmud, to explain or illustrate the text of the Old Testament.

Haggard (n.) A stackyard.

Haggis (n.) A Scotch pudding made of the heart, liver, lights, etc., of a sheep or lamb, minced with suet, onions, oatmeal, etc., highly seasoned, and boiled in the stomach of the same animal; minced head and pluck.

Haggle (n.) The act or process of haggling.

Haggler (n.) One who haggles or is difficult in bargaining.

Haggler (n.) One who forestalls a market; a middleman between producer and dealer in London vegetable markets.

Hagiarchy (n.) A sacred government; by holy orders of men.

Hagiocracy (n.) Government by a priesthood; hierarchy.

Hagiographer (n.) One of the writers of the hagiographa; a writer of lives of the saints.

Hagiography (n.) Same Hagiographa.

Hagiolatry (n.) The invocation or worship of saints.

Hagiologist (n.) One who treats of the sacred writings; a writer of the lives of the saints; a hagiographer.

Hagiology (n.) The history or description of the sacred writings or of sacred persons; a narrative of the lives of the saints; a catalogue of saints.

Hagioscope (n.) An opening made in the interior walls of a cruciform church to afford a view of the altar to those in the transepts; -- called, in architecture, a squint.

Hagseed (n.) The offspring of a hag.

Hagship (n.) The state or title of a hag.

Hag-taper (n.) The great woolly mullein (Verbascum Thapsus).

Haguebut (n.) See Hagbut.

Ha-ha (n.) A sunk fence; a fence, wall, or ditch, not visible till one is close upon it.

Haidingerite (n.) A mineral consisting of the arseniate of lime; -- so named in honor of W. Haidinger, of Vienna.

Haiduck (n.) Formerly, a mercenary foot soldier in Hungary, now, a halberdier of a Hungarian noble, or an attendant in German or Hungarian courts.

Haik (n.) A large piece of woolen or cotton cloth worn by Arabs as an outer garment.

Haikal (n.) The central chapel of the three forming the sanctuary of a Coptic church. It contains the high altar, and is usually closed by an embroidered curtain.

Hail (n.) Small roundish masses of ice precipitated from the clouds, where they are formed by the congelation of vapor. The separate masses or grains are called hailstones.

Hail (n.) A wish of health; a salutation; a loud call.

Hail-fellow (n.) An intimate companion.

Hailstone (n.) A single particle of ice falling from a cloud; a frozen raindrop; a pellet of hail.

Hailstorm (n.) A storm accompanied with hail; a shower of hail.

Hair (n.) The collection or mass of filaments growing from the skin of an animal, and forming a covering for a part of the head or for any part or the whole of the body.

Hair (n.) One the above-mentioned filaments, consisting, in invertebrate animals, of a long, tubular part which is free and flexible, and a bulbous root imbedded in the skin.

Hair (n.) Hair (human or animal) used for various purposes; as, hair for stuffing cushions.

Hair (n.) A slender outgrowth from the chitinous cuticle of insects, spiders, crustaceans, and other invertebrates. Such hairs are totally unlike those of vertebrates in structure, composition, and mode of growth.

Hair (n.) An outgrowth of the epidermis, consisting of one or of several cells, whether pointed, hooked, knobbed, or stellated. Internal hairs occur in the flower stalk of the yellow frog lily (Nuphar).

Hair (n.) A spring device used in a hair-trigger firearm.

Hair (n.) A haircloth.

Hair (n.) Any very small distance, or degree; a hairbreadth.

Hairbell (n.) See Harebell.

Hairbird (n.) The chipping sparrow.

Hairbrush (n.) A brush for cleansing and smoothing the hair.

Haircloth (n.) Stuff or cloth made wholly or in part of hair.

Hairdresser (n.) One who dresses or cuts hair; a barber.

Hairiness (n.) The state of abounding, or being covered, with hair.

Hairpin (n.) A pin, usually forked, or of bent wire, for fastening the hair in place, -- used by women.

Hair-salt (n.) A variety of native Epsom salt occurring in silky fibers.

Hairsplitter (n.) One who makes excessively nice or needless distinctions in reasoning; one who quibbles.

Hairsplitting (n.) The act or practice of making trivial distinctions.

Hairspring (n.) The slender recoil spring which regulates the motion of the balance in a timepiece.

Hairstreak (n.) A butterfly of the genus Thecla; as, the green hairstreak (T. rubi).

Hairtail (n.) Any species of marine fishes of the genus Trichiurus; esp., T. lepterus of Europe and America. They are long and like a band, with a slender, pointed tail. Called also bladefish.

Haye (n.) The Egyptian asp or cobra (Naja haje.) It is related to the cobra of India, and like the latter has the power of inflating its neck into a hood. Its bite is very venomous. It is supposed to be the snake by means of whose bite Cleopatra committed suicide, and hence is sometimes called Cleopatra's snake or asp. See Asp.

Hake (n.) A drying shed, as for unburned tile.

Hake (n.) One of several species of marine gadoid fishes, of the genera Phycis, Merlucius, and allies. The common European hake is M. vulgaris; the American silver hake or whiting is M. bi

Hake's-dame (n.) See Forkbeard.

Haketon (n.) Same as Acton.

Hakim (n.) A wise man; a physician, esp. a Mohammedan.

Hakim (n.) A Mohammedan title for a ruler; a judge.

Halacha (n.) The general term for the Hebrew oral or traditional law; one of two branches of exposition in the Midrash. See Midrash.

Halation (n.) An appearance as of a halo of light, surrounding the edges of dark objects in a photographic picture.

Halberd (n.) An ancient long-handled weapon, of which the head had a point and several long, sharp edges, curved or straight, and sometimes additional points. The heads were sometimes of very elaborate form.

Halberdier (n.) One who is armed with a halberd.

Halcyon (n.) A kingfisher. By modern ornithologists restricted to a genus including a limited number of species having omnivorous habits, as the sacred kingfisher (Halcyon sancta) of Australia.

Hale (n.) Welfare.

Halesia (n.) A genus of American shrubs containing several species, called snowdrop trees, or silver-bell trees. They have showy, white flowers, drooping on slender pedicels.

Half-and-half (n.) A mixture of two malt liquors, esp. porter and ale, in about equal parts.

Halfbeak (n.) Any slender, marine fish of the genus Hemirhamphus, having the upper jaw much shorter than the lower; -- called also balahoo.

Half blood (n.) A person so related to another.

Half blood (n.) A person whose father and mother are of different races; a half-breed.

Half-boot (n.) A boot with a short top covering only the ankle. See Cocker, and Congress boot, under Congress.

Half-bound (n.) Having only the back and corners in leather, as a book.

Half-breed (n.) A person who is blooded; the offspring of parents of different races, especially of the American Indian and the white race.

Half-brother (n.) A brother by one parent, but not by both.

Half-caste (n.) One born of a European parent on the one side, and of a Hindoo or Mohammedan on the other. Also adjective; as, half-caste parents.

Half-deck (n.) A shell of the genus Crepidula; a boat shell. See Boat shell.

Half-deck (n.) See Half deck, under Deck.

Halfendeal (n.) A half part.

Halfer (n.) One who possesses or gives half only; one who shares.

Halfer (n.) A male fallow deer gelded.

Half-fish (n.) A salmon in its fifth year of growth.

Half-mast (n.) A point some distance below the top of a mast or staff; as, a flag a half-mast (a token of mourning, etc.).

Half-moon (n.) The moon at the quarters, when half its disk appears illuminated.

Half-moon (n.) The shape of a half-moon; a crescent.

Half-moon (n.) An outwork composed of two faces, forming a salient angle whose gorge resembles a half-moon; -- now called a ravelin.

Half-moon (n.) A marine, sparoid, food fish of California (Caesiosoma Californiense). The body is ovate, blackish above, blue or gray below. Called also medialuna.

Halfness (n.) The quality of being half; incompleteness.

Halfpace (n.) A platform of a staircase where the stair turns back in exactly the reverse direction of the lower flight. See Quarterpace.

Half-pike (n.) A short pike, sometimes carried by officers of infantry, sometimes used in boarding ships; a spontoon.

Half-port (n.) One half of a shutter made in two parts for closing a porthole.

Half-ray (n.) A straight

Half-sister (n.) A sister by one parent only.

Half-sword (n.) Half the length of a sword; close fight.

Half-tounue (n.) A jury, for the trial of a foreigner, composed equally of citizens and aliens.

Half-wit (n.) A foolish; a dolt; a blockhead; a dunce.

Halibut (n.) A large, northern, marine flatfish (Hippoglossus vulgaris), of the family Pleuronectidae. It often grows very large, weighing more than three hundred pounds. It is an important food fish.

Halicore (n.) Same as Dugong.

Halidom (n.) Ho

Halidom (n.) Holy doom; the Last Day.

Halieutics (n.) A treatise upon fish or the art of fishing; ichthyology.

Haliographer (n.) One who writes about or describes the sea.

Haliography (n.) Description of the sea; the science that treats of the sea.

Haliotis (n.) A genus of marine shells; the ear-shells. See Abalone.

Halite (n.) Native salt; sodium chloride.

Halk (n.) A nook; a corner.

Hall (n.) A building or room of considerable size and state

Hall (n.) The chief room in a castle or manor house, and in early times the only public room, serving as the place of gathering for the lord's family with the retainers and servants, also for cooking and eating. It was often contrasted with the bower, which was the private or sleeping apartment.

Hall (n.) A vestibule, entrance room, etc., in the more elaborated buildings of later times.

Hall (n.) Any corridor or passage in a building.

Hall (n.) A name given to many manor houses because the magistrate's court was held in the hall of his mansion; a chief mansion house.

Hall (n.) A college in an English university (at Oxford, an unendowed college).

Hall (n.) The apartment in which English university students dine in common; hence, the dinner itself; as, hall is at six o'clock.

Hall (n.) Cleared passageway in a crowd; -- formerly an exclamation.

Hallage (n.) A fee or toll paid for goods sold in a hall.

Halliard (n.) See Halyard.

Hallidome (n.) Same as Halidom.

Hallier (n.) A kind of net for catching birds.

Hall-mark (n.) The official stamp of the Goldsmiths' Company and other assay offices, in the United Kingdom, on gold and silver articles, attesting their purity. Also used figuratively; -- as, a word or phrase lacks the hall-mark of the best writers.

Halloo (n.) A loud exclamation; a call to invite attention or to incite a person or an animal; a shout.

Halloo (n.) An exclamation to call attention or to encourage one.

Halloween (n.) The evening preceding Allhallows or All Saints' Day.

Hallowmas (n.) The feast of All Saints, or Allhallows.

Halloysite (n.) A claylike mineral, occurring in soft, smooth, amorphous masses, of a whitish color.

Hallucination (n.) The act of hallucinating; a wandering of the mind; error; mistake; a blunder.

Hallucination (n.) The perception of objects which have no reality, or of sensations which have no corresponding external cause, arising from disorder or the nervous system, as in delirium tremens; delusion.

Hallucinator (n.) One whose judgment and acts are affected by hallucinations; one who errs on account of his hallucinations.

Hallux (n.) The first, or preaxial, digit of the hind limb, corresponding to the pollux in the fore limb; the great toe; the hind toe of birds.

Halm (n.) Same as Haulm.

Halma (n.) The long jump, with weights in the hands, -- the most important of the exercises of the Pentathlon.

Halo (n.) A luminous circle, usually prismatically colored, round the sun or moon, and supposed to be caused by the refraction of light through crystals of ice in the atmosphere. Connected with halos there are often white bands, crosses, or arches, resulting from the same atmospheric conditions.

Halo (n.) A circle of light; especially, the bright ring represented in painting as surrounding the heads of saints and other holy persons; a glory; a nimbus.

Halo (n.) An ideal glory investing, or affecting one's perception of, an object.

Halo (n.) A colored circle around a nipple; an areola.

Halogen (n.) An electro-negative element or radical, which, by combination with a metal, forms a haloid salt; especially, chlorine, bromine, and iodine; sometimes, also, fluorine and cyanogen. See Chlorine family, under Chlorine.

Haloid (n.) A haloid substance.

Halomancy (n.) See Alomancy.

Halometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the forms and angles of salts and crystals; a goniometer.

Halophyte (n.) A plant found growing in salt marshes, or in the sea.

Haloscope (n.) An instrument for exhibition or illustration of the phenomena of halos, parhelia, and the like.

Halotrichite (n.) An iron alum occurring in silky fibrous aggregates of a yellowish white color.


Halpace (n.) See Haut pas.

Hals (n.) The neck or throat.

Halser (n.) See Hawser.

Halt (n.) A stop in marching or walking, or in any action; arrest of progress.

Halt (n.) The act of limping; lameness.

Halter (n.) One who halts or limps; a cripple.

Halter (n.) A strong strap or cord.

Halter (n.) A rope or strap, with or without a headstall, for leading or tying a horse.

Halter (n.) A rope for hanging malefactors; a noose.

Halter-sack (n.) A term of reproach, implying that one is fit to be hanged.

Halve (n.) A half.

Halves (n.) pl. of Half.

Halwe (n.) A saint.

Halysites (n.) A genus of Silurian fossil corals; the chain corals. See Chain coral, under Chain.

Ham (n.) Home.

Ham (n.) The region back of the knee joint; the popliteal space; the hock.

Ham (n.) The thigh of any animal; especially, the thigh of a hog cured by salting and smoking.

Hamadryad (n.) A tree nymph whose life ended with that of the particular tree, usually an oak, which had been her abode.

Hamadryad (n.) A large venomous East Indian snake (Orhiophagus bungarus), allied to the cobras.

Hamadryas (n.) The sacred baboon of Egypt (Cynocephalus Hamadryas).

Hamamelis (n.) A genus of plants which includes the witch-hazel (Hamamelis Virginica), a preparation of which is used medicinally.

Hamatum (n.) See Unciform.

Hamburg (n.) A commercial city of Germany, near the mouth of the Elbe.

Hame (n.) Home.

Hame (n.) One of the two curved pieces of wood or metal, in the harness of a draught horse, to which the traces are fastened. They are fitted upon the collar, or have pads fitting the horse's neck attached to them.

Hamesecken (n.) Alt. of Hamesucken

Hamesucken (n.) The felonious seeking and invasion of a person in his dwelling house.

Hamiform (n.) Hook-shaped.

Haminura (n.) A large edible river fish (Erythrinus macrodon) of Guiana.

Hamite (n.) A fossil cephalopod of the genus Hamites, related to the ammonites, but having the last whorl bent into a hooklike form.

Hamite (n.) A descendant of Ham, Noah's second son. See Gen. x. 6-20.

Hamlet (n.) A small village; a little cluster of houses in the country.

Hammer (n.) An instrument for driving nails, beating metals, and the like, consisting of a head, usually of steel or iron, fixed crosswise to a handle.

Hammer (n.) Something which in firm or action resembles the common hammer

Hammer (n.) That part of a clock which strikes upon the bell to indicate the hour.

Hammer (n.) The padded mallet of a piano, which strikes the wires, to produce the tones.

Hammer (n.) The malleus.

Hammer (n.) That part of a gunlock which strikes the percussion cap, or firing pin; the cock; formerly, however, a piece of steel covering the pan of a flintlock musket and struck by the flint of the cock to ignite the priming.

Hammer (n.) Also, a person of thing that smites or shatters; as, St. Augustine was the hammer of heresies.

Hammer-beam (n.) A member of one description of roof truss, called hammer-beam truss, which is so framed as not to have a tiebeam at the top of the wall. Each principal has two hammer-beams, which occupy the situation, and to some extent serve the purpose, of a tiebeam.

Hammercloth (n.) The cloth which covers a coach box.

Hammerer (n.) One who works with a hammer.

Hammerhead (n.) A shark of the genus Sphyrna or Zygaena, having the eyes set on projections from the sides of the head, which gives it a hammer shape. The Sphyrna zygaena is found in the North Atlantic. Called also hammer fish, and balance fish.

Hammerhead (n.) A fresh-water fish; the stone-roller.

Hammerhead (n.) An African fruit bat (Hypsignathus monstrosus); -- so called from its large blunt nozzle.

Hammerkop (n.) A bird of the Heron family; the umber.

Hammerman (n.) A hammerer; a forgeman.

Hammochrysos (n.) A stone with spangles of gold color in it.

Hammock (n.) A swinging couch or bed, usually made of netting or canvas about six feet wide, suspended by clews or cords at the ends.

Hammock (n.) A piece of land thickly wooded, and usually covered with bushes and vines. Used also adjectively; as, hammock land.

Hamper (n.) A large basket, usually with a cover, used for the packing and carrying of articles; as, a hamper of wine; a clothes hamper; an oyster hamper, which contains two bushels.

Hamper (n.) A shackle; a fetter; anything which impedes.

Hamper (n.) Articles ordinarily indispensable, but in the way at certain times.

Hamster (n.) A small European rodent (Cricetus frumentarius). It is remarkable for having a pouch on each side of the jaw, under the skin, and for its migrations.

Hamstring (n.) One of the great tendons situated in each side of the ham, or space back of the knee, and connected with the muscles of the back of the thigh.

Hamule (n.) A little hook.

Hamulus (n.) A hook, or hooklike process.

Hamulus (n.) A hooked barbicel of a feather.

Hanap (n.) A rich goblet, esp. one used on state occasions.

Hanaper (n.) A kind of basket, usually of wickerwork, and adapted for the packing and carrying of articles; a hamper.

Hand (n.) That part of the fore limb below the forearm or wrist in man and monkeys, and the corresponding part in many other animals; manus; paw. See Manus.

Hand (n.) That which resembles, or to some extent performs the office of, a human hand

Hand (n.) A limb of certain animals, as the foot of a hawk, or any one of the four extremities of a monkey.

Hand (n.) An index or pointer on a dial; as, the hour or minute hand of a clock.

Hand (n.) A measure equal to a hand's breadth, -- four inches; a palm. Chiefly used in measuring the height of horses.

Hand (n.) Side; part; direction, either right or left.

Hand (n.) Power of performance; means of execution; ability; skill; dexterity.

Hand (n.) Actual performance; deed; act; workmanship; agency; hence, manner of performance.

Hand (n.) An agent; a servant, or laborer; a workman, trained or competent for special service or duty; a performer more or less skillful; as, a deck hand; a farm hand; an old hand at speaking.

Hand (n.) Handwriting; style of penmanship; as, a good, bad or running hand. Hence, a signature.

Hand (n.) Personal possession; ownership; hence, control; direction; management; -- usually in the plural.

Hand (n.) Agency in transmission from one person to another; as, to buy at first hand, that is, from the producer, or when new; at second hand, that is, when no longer in the producer's hand, or when not new.

Hand (n.) Rate; price.

Hand (n.) That which is, or may be, held in a hand at once

Hand (n.) The quota of cards received from the dealer.

Hand (n.) A bundle of tobacco leaves tied together.

Hand (n.) The small part of a gunstock near the lock, which is grasped by the hand in taking aim.

Handbarrow (n.) A frame or barrow, without a wheel, carried by hand.

Handbill (n.) A loose, printed sheet, to be distributed by hand.

Handbill (n.) A pruning hook.

Handbook (n.) A book of reference, to be carried in the hand; a manual; a guidebook.

Handbreadth (n.) A space equal to the breadth of the hand; a palm.

Handcart (n.) A cart drawn or pushed by hand.

Handcloth (n.) A handkerchief.

Handcraft (n.) Same as Handicraft.

Handcraftsman (n.) A handicraftsman.

Handcuff (n.) A fastening, consisting of an iron ring around the wrist, usually connected by a chain with one on the other wrist; a manacle; -- usually in the plural.

Hander (n.) One who hands over or transmits; a conveyer in succession.

Handfast (n.) Hold; grasp; custody; power of confining or keeping.

Handfast (n.) Contract; specifically, espousal.

Handfast (n.) Strong; steadfast.

Handfish (n.) The frogfish.

Handful (n.) As much as the hand will grasp or contain.

Handful (n.) A hand's breadth; four inches.

Handful (n.) A small quantity.

Hand-hole (n.) A small hole in a boiler for the insertion of the hand in cleaning, etc.

Handicap (n.) An allowance of a certain amount of time or distance in starting, granted in a race to the competitor possessing inferior advantages; or an additional weight or other hindrance imposed upon the one possessing superior advantages, in order to equalize, as much as possible, the chances of success; as, the handicap was five seconds, or ten pounds, and the like.

Handicap (n.) A race, for horses or men, or any contest of agility, strength, or skill, in which there is an allowance of time, distance, weight, or other advantage, to equalize the chances of the competitors.

Handicap (n.) An old game at cards.

Handicapper (n.) One who determines the conditions of a handicap.

Handicraft (n.) A trade requiring skill of hand; manual occupation; handcraft.

Handicraft (n.) A man who earns his living by handicraft; a handicraftsman.

Handi-craftsman (n.) A man skilled or employed in handcraft.

Handiness (n.) The quality or state of being handy.

Handiron (n.) See Andrion.

Handiwork (n.) Work done by the hands; hence, any work done personally.

Handkercher (n.) A handkerchief.

Handkerchief (n.) A piece of cloth, usually square and often fine and elegant, carried for wiping the face or hands.

Handkerchief (n.) A piece of cloth shaped like a handkerchief to be worn about the neck; a neckerchief; a neckcloth.

Handle (n.) That part of vessels, instruments, etc., which is held in the hand when used or moved, as the haft of a sword, the knob of a door, the bail of a kettle, etc.

Handle (n.) That of which use is made; the instrument for effecting a purpose; a tool.

Handling (n.) A touching, controlling, managing, using, etc., with the hand or hands, or as with the hands. See Handle, v. t.

Handmaid (n.) Alt. of Handmaiden

Handmaiden (n.) A maid that waits at hand; a female servant or attendant.

Handsaw (n.) A saw used with one hand.

Handsel (n.) A sale, gift, or delivery into the hand of another; especially, a sale, gift, delivery, or using which is the first of a series, and regarded as on omen for the rest; a first installment; an earnest; as the first money received for the sale of goods in the morning, the first money taken at a shop newly opened, the first present sent to a young woman on her wedding day, etc.

Handsel (n.) Price; payment.

Handsel (n.) To give a handsel to.

Handsel (n.) To use or do for the first time, esp. so as to make fortunate or unfortunate; to try experimentally.

Handsomeness (n.) The quality of being handsome.

Handspike (n.) A bar or lever, generally of wood, used in a windlass or capstan, for heaving anchor, and, in modified forms, for various purposes.

Handspring (n.) A somersault made with the assistance of the hands placed upon the ground.

Handwheel (n.) Any wheel worked by hand; esp., one the rim of which serves as the handle by which a valve, car brake, or other part is adjusted.

Handwriting (n.) The cast or form of writing peculiar to each hand or person; chirography.

Handwriting (n.) That which is written by hand; manuscript.

Handyy-dandy (n.) A child's play, one child guessing in which closed hand the other holds some small object, winning the object if right and forfeiting an equivalent if wrong; hence, forfeit.

Handyfight (n.) A fight with the hands; boxing.

Handygripe (n.) Seizure by, or grasp of, the hand; also, close quarters in fighting.

Handystroke (n.) A blow with the hand.

Hand-work (n.) See Handiwork.

Hang (n.) The manner in which one part or thing hangs upon, or is connected with, another; as, the hang of a scythe.

Hang (n.) Connection; arrangement; plan; as, the hang of a discourse.

Hang (n.) A sharp or steep declivity or slope.

Hangbird (n.) The Baltimore oriole (Icterus galbula); -- so called because its nest is suspended from the limb of a tree. See Baltimore oriole.

Hang-by (n.) A dependent; a hanger-on; -- so called in contempt.

Hangdog (n.) A base, degraded person; a sneak; a gallows bird.

Hanger (n.) One who hangs, or causes to be hanged; a hangman.

Hanger (n.) That by which a thing is suspended.

Hanger (n.) A strap hung to the girdle, by which a dagger or sword is suspended.

Hanger (n.) A part that suspends a journal box in which shafting runs. See Illust. of Countershaft.

Hanger (n.) A bridle iron.

Hanger (n.) That which hangs or is suspended, as a sword worn at the side; especially, in the 18th century, a short, curved sword.

Hanger (n.) A steep, wooded declivity.

Hanger-on (n.) One who hangs on, or sticks to, a person, place, or service; a dependent; one who adheres to others' society longer than he is wanted.

Hanging (n.) The act of suspending anything; the state of being suspended.

Hanging (n.) Death by suspension; execution by a halter.

Hanging (n.) That which is hung as lining or drapery for the walls of a room, as tapestry, paper, etc., or to cover or drape a door or window; -- used chiefly in the plural.

Hangman (n.) One who hangs another; esp., one who makes a business of hanging; a public executioner; -- sometimes used as a term of reproach, without reference to office.

Hangmanship (n.) The office or character of a hangman.

Hangnail (n.) A small piece or silver of skin which hangs loose, near the root of finger nail.

Hangnest (n.) A nest that hangs like a bag or pocket.

Hangnest (n.) A bird which builds such a nest; a hangbird.

Hank (n.) A parcel consisting of two or more skeins of yarn or thread tied together.

Hank (n.) A rope or withe for fastening a gate.

Hank (n.) Hold; influence.

Hank (n.) A ring or eye of rope, wood, or iron, attached to the edge of a sail and running on a stay.

Hankey-pankey (n.) Professional cant; the chatter of conjurers to divert attention from their tricks; hence, jugglery.

Hanoverian (n.) A native or naturalized inhabitant of Hanover; one of the House of Hanover.

Han sa (n.) See 2d Hanse.

Hansard (n.) An official report of proceedings in the British Parliament; -- so called from the name of the publishers.

Hansard (n.) A merchant of one of the Hanse towns. See the Note under 2d Hanse.

Hanse (n.) That part of an elliptical or many-centered arch which has the shorter radius and immediately adjoins the impost.

Hanse (n.) An association; a league or confederacy.


Hanuman (n.) See Hoonoomaun.

Hap (n.) A cloak or plaid.

Hap (n.) That which happens or comes suddenly or unexpectedly; also, the manner of occurrence or taking place; chance; fortune; accident; casual event; fate; luck; lot.

Hap'penny (n.) A half-penny.

Haphazard (n.) Extra hazard; chance; accident; random.

Happiness (n.) Good luck; good fortune; prosperity.

Happiness (n.) An agreeable feeling or condition of the soul arising from good fortune or propitious happening of any kind; the possession of those circumstances or that state of being which is attended enjoyment; the state of being happy; contentment; joyful satisfaction; felicity; blessedness.

Happiness (n.) Fortuitous elegance; unstudied grace; -- used especially of language.

Hapuku (n.) A large and valuable food fish (Polyprion prognathus) of New Zealand. It sometimes weighs one hundred pounds or more.

Haquebut (n.) See Hagbut.

Hara-kiri (n.) Suicide, by slashing the abdomen, formerly practiced in Japan, and commanded by the government in the cases of disgraced officials; disembowelment; -- also written, but incorrectly, hari-kari.

Harangue (n.) A speech addressed to a large public assembly; a popular oration; a loud address a multitude; in a bad sense, a noisy or pompous speech; declamation; ranting.

Haranguer (n.) One who harangues, or is fond of haranguing; a declaimer.

Harass (n.) Devastation; waste.

Harass (n.) Worry; harassment.

Harasser (n.) One who harasses.

Harassment (n.) The act of harassing, or state of being harassed; worry; annoyance; anxiety.

Harbinger (n.) One who provides lodgings; especially, the officer of the English royal household who formerly preceded the court when traveling, to provide and prepare lodgings.

Harbinger (n.) A forerunner; a precursor; a messenger.

Harbor (n.) A station for rest and entertainment; a place of security and comfort; a refuge; a shelter.

Harbor (n.) Specif.: A lodging place; an inn.

Harbor (n.) The mansion of a heavenly body.

Harbor (n.) A portion of a sea, a lake, or other large body of water, either landlocked or artificially protected so as to be a place of safety for vessels in stormy weather; a port or haven.

Harbor (n.) A mixing box materials.

Harbor (n.) To afford lodging to; to enter as guest; to receive; to give a refuge to; indulge or cherish (a thought or feeling, esp. an ill thought).

Harborage (n.) Shelter; entertainment.

Harborer (n.) One who, or that which, harbors.

Hard (n.) A ford or passage across a river or swamp.

Hardbake (n.) A sweetmeat of boiled brown sugar or molasses made with almonds, and flavored with orange or lemon juice, etc.

Hardbeam (n.) A tree of the genus Carpinus, of compact, horny texture; hornbeam.

Hardener (n.) One who, or that which, hardens; specif., one who tempers tools.

Hardening (n.) Making hard or harder.

Hardening (n.) That which hardens, as a material used for converting the surface of iron into steel.

Harder (n.) A South African mullet, salted for food.

Hardfavoredness (n.) Coarseness of features.

Hardfern (n.) A species of fern (Lomaria borealis), growing in Europe and Northwestern America.

Hardhack (n.) A very astringent shrub (Spiraea tomentosa), common in pastures. The Potentilla fruticosa in also called by this name.

Hardhead (n.) Clash or collision of heads in contest.

Hardhead (n.) The menhaden. See Menhaden.

Hardhead (n.) Block's gurnard (Trigla gurnardus) of Europe.

Hardhead (n.) A California salmon; the steelhead.

Hardhead (n.) The gray whale.

Hardhead (n.) A coarse American commercial sponge (Spongia dura).

Harddihead (n.) Hardihood.

Harddihood (n.) Boldness, united with firmness and constancy of mind; bravery; intrepidity; also, audaciousness; impudence.

Hardiment (n.) Hardihood; boldness; courage; energetic action.

Hardiness (n.) Capability of endurance.

Hardiness (n.) Hardihood; boldness; firmness; assurance.

Hardiness (n.) Hardship; fatigue.

Hardness (n.) The quality or state of being hard, literally or figuratively.

Hardness (n.) The cohesion of the particles on the surface of a body, determined by its capacity to scratch another, or be itself scratched;-measured among minerals on a scale of which diamond and talc form the extremes.

Hardness (n.) The peculiar quality exhibited by water which has mineral salts dissolved in it. Such water forms an insoluble compound with soap, and is hence unfit for washing purposes.

Hardock (n.) See Hordock.

Hardpan (n.) The hard substratum. Same as Hard pan, under Hard, a.

Hardship (n.) That which is hard to hear, as toil, privation, injury, injustice, etc.

Hard-tack (n.) A name given by soldiers and sailors to a kind of hard biscuit or sea bread.

Hardtail (n.) See Jurel.

Hardware (n.) Ware made of metal, as cutlery, kitchen utensils, and the like; ironmongery.

Hardwareman (n.) One who makes, or deals in, hardware.

Hardy (n.) A blacksmith's fuller or chisel, having a square shank for insertion into a square hole in an anvil, called the hardy hole.

Hare (n.) A rodent of the genus Lepus, having long hind legs, a short tail, and a divided upper lip. It is a timid animal, moves swiftly by leaps, and is remarkable for its fecundity.

Hare (n.) A small constellation situated south of and under the foot of Orion; Lepus.

Harebell (n.) A small, slender, branching plant (Campanula rotundifolia), having blue bell-shaped flowers; also, Scilla nutans, which has similar flowers; -- called also bluebell.

Harefoot (n.) A long, narrow foot, carried (that is, produced or extending) forward; -- said of dogs.

Harefoot (n.) A tree (Ochroma Laqopus) of the West Indies, having the stamens united somewhat in the form of a hare's foot.

Harehound (n.) See Harrier.

Hareld (n.) The long-tailed duck.

Harelip (n.) A lip, commonly the upper one, having a fissure of perpendicular division like that of a hare.

Harem (n.) The apartments or portion of the house allotted to females in Mohammedan families.

Harem (n.) The family of wives and concubines belonging to one man, in Mohammedan countries; a seraglio.

Hare's-ear (n.) An umbelliferous plant (Bupleurum rotundifolium ); -- so named from the shape of its leaves.

Hare's-tail (n.) A kind of grass (Eriophorum vaginatum). See Cotton grass, under Cotton.

Harfang (n.) The snowy owl.

Haricot (n.) A ragout or stew of meat with beans and other vegetables.

Haricot (n.) The ripe seeds, or the unripe pod, of the common string bean (Phaseolus vulgaris), used as a vegetable. Other species of the same genus furnish different kinds of haricots.

Harier (n.) See Harrier.

Harikari (n.) See Hara-kiri.

Harioiation (n.) Prognostication; soothsaying.

Harl (n.) A filamentous substance; especially, the filaments of flax or hemp.

Harl (n.) A barb, or barbs, of a fine large feather, as of a peacock or ostrich, -- used in dressing artificial flies.

Harle (n.) The red-breasted merganser.

Harlequin (n.) A buffoon, dressed in party-colored clothes, who plays tricks, often without speaking, to divert the bystanders or an audience; a merry-andrew; originally, a droll rogue of Italian comedy.

Harlequinade (n.) A play or part of play in which the harlequin is conspicuous; the part of a harlequin.

Harlock (n.) Probably a corruption either of charlock or hardock.

Harlot (n.) A churl; a common man; a person, male or female, of low birth.

Harlot (n.) A person given to low conduct; a rogue; a cheat; a rascal.

Harlot (n.) A woman who prostitutes her body for hire; a prostitute; a common woman; a strumpet.

Harlotry (n.) Ribaldry; buffoonery; a ribald story.

Harlotry (n.) The trade or practice of prostitution; habitual or customary lewdness.

Harlotry (n.) Anything meretricious; as, harlotry in art.

Harlotry (n.) A harlot; a strumpet; a baggage.

Harm (n.) Injury; hurt; damage; detriment; misfortune.

Harm (n.) That which causes injury, damage, or loss.

Harm (n.) To hurt; to injure; to damage; to wrong.


Harmattan (n.) A dry, hot wind, prevailing on the Atlantic coast of Africa, in December, January, and February, blowing from the interior or Sahara. It is usually accompanied by a haze which obscures the sun.

Harmel (n.) A kind of rue (Ruta sylvestris) growing in India. At Lahore the seeds are used medicinally and for fumigation.

Harmine (n.) An alkaloid accompanying harma

Harmonic (n.) A musical note produced by a number of vibrations which is a multiple of the number producing some other; an overtone. See Harmonics.

Harmonica (n.) A musical instrument, consisting of a series of hemispherical glasses which, by touching the edges with the dampened finger, give forth the tones.

Harmonica (n.) A toy instrument of strips of glass or metal hung on two tapes, and struck with hammers.

Harmonicon (n.) A small, flat, wind instrument of music, in which the notes are produced by the vibration of free metallic reeds.

Harmonics (n.) The doctrine or science of musical sounds.

Harmonics (n.) Secondary and less distinct tones which accompany any principal, and apparently simple, tone, as the octave, the twelfth, the fifteenth, and the seventeenth. The name is also applied to the artificial tones produced by a string or column of air, when the impulse given to it suffices only to make a part of the string or column vibrate; overtones.

Harmoniphon (n.) An obsolete wind instrument with a keyboard, in which the sound, which resembled the oboe, was produced by the vibration of thin metallic plates, acted upon by blowing through a tube.

Harmonist (n.) One who shows the agreement or harmony of corresponding passages of different authors, as of the four evangelists.

Harmonist (n.) One who understands the principles of harmony or is skillful in applying them in composition; a musical composer.

Harmonist (n.) Alt. of Harmonite

Harmonite (n.) One of a religious sect, founded in Wurtemburg in the last century, composed of followers of George Rapp, a weaver. They had all their property in common. In 1803, a portion of this sect settled in Pennsylvania and called the village thus established, Harmony.

Harmonium (n.) A musical instrument, resembling a small organ and especially designed for church music, in which the tones are produced by forcing air by means of a bellows so as to cause the vibration of free metallic reeds. It is now made with one or two keyboards, and has pedals and stops.

Harmonization (n.) The act of harmonizing.

Harmonizer (n.) One who harmonizes.

Harmonometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the harmonic relations of sounds. It is often a monochord furnished with movable bridges.

Harmony (n.) The just adaptation of parts to each other, in any system or combination of things, or in things, or things intended to form a connected whole; such an agreement between the different parts of a design or composition as to produce unity of effect; as, the harmony of the universe.

Harmony (n.) Concord or agreement in facts, opinions, manners, interests, etc.; good correspondence; peace and friendship; as, good citizens live in harmony.

Harmony (n.) A literary work which brings together or arranges systematically parallel passages of historians respecting the same events, and shows their agreement or consistency; as, a harmony of the Gospels.

Harmony (n.) A succession of chords according to the rules of progression and modulation.

Harmony (n.) The science which treats of their construction and progression.

Harmony (n.) See Harmonic suture, under Harmonic.

Harmost (n.) A governor or prefect appointed by the Spartans in the cities subjugated by them.

Harmotome (n.) A hydrous silicate of alumina and baryta, occurring usually in white cruciform crystals; cross-stone.

Harness (n.) Originally, the complete dress, especially in a military sense, of a man or a horse; hence, in general, armor.

Harness (n.) The equipment of a draught or carriage horse, for drawing a wagon, coach, chaise, etc.; gear; tackling.

Harness (n.) The part of a loom comprising the heddles, with their means of support and motion, by which the threads of the warp are alternately raised and depressed for the passage of the shuttle.

Harnesser (n.) One who harnesses.

Harp (n.) A musical instrument consisting of a triangular frame furnished with strings and sometimes with pedals, held upright, and played with the fingers.

Harp (n.) A constellation; Lyra, or the Lyre.

Harp (n.) A grain sieve.

Harp (n.) To play on the harp.

Harp (n.) To dwell on or recur to a subject tediously or monotonously in speaking or in writing; to refer to something repeatedly or continually; -- usually with on or upon.

Harpa (n.) A genus of marine univalve shells; the harp shells; -- so called from the form of the shells, and their ornamental ribs.

Harpagon (n.) A grappling iron.

Harper (n.) A player on the harp; a minstrel.

Harper (n.) A brass coin bearing the emblem of a harp, -- formerly current in Ireland.

Harpist (n.) A player on the harp; a harper.

Harpoon (n.) A spear or javelin used to strike and kill large fish, as whales; a harping iron. It consists of a long shank, with a broad, fiat, triangular head, sharpened at both edges, and is thrown by hand, or discharged from a gun.

Harpooneer (n.) An harpooner.

Harpooner (n.) One who throws the harpoon.

Harpress (n.) A female harper.

Harpsichon (n.) A harpsichord.

Harpsichord (n.) A harp-shaped instrument of music set horizontally on legs, like the grand piano, with strings of wire, played by the fingers, by means of keys provided with quills, instead of hammers, for striking the strings. It is now superseded by the piano.

Harpy (n.) A fabulous winged monster, ravenous and filthy, having the face of a woman and the body of a vulture, with long claws, and the face pale with hunger. Some writers mention two, others three.

Harpy (n.) One who is rapacious or ravenous; an extortioner.

Harpy (n.) The European moor buzzard or marsh harrier (Circus aeruginosus).

Harpy (n.) A large and powerful, double-crested, short-winged American eagle (Thrasaetus harpyia). It ranges from Texas to Brazil.

Harquebus (n.) Alt. of Harquebuse

Harquebuse (n.) A firearm with match holder, trigger, and tumbler, made in the second half of the 15th century. the barrel was about forty inches long. A form of the harquebus was subsequently called arquebus with matchlock.

Harre (n.) A hinge.

Harridan (n.) A worn-out strumpet; a vixenish woman; a hag.

Harrier (n.) One of a small breed of hounds, used for hunting hares.

Harrier (n.) One who harries.

Harrier (n.) One of several species of hawks or buzzards of the genus Circus which fly low and harry small animals or birds, -- as the European marsh harrier (Circus aerunginosus), and the hen harrier (C. cyaneus).

Harrow (n.) An implement of agriculture, usually formed of pieces of timber or metal crossing each other, and set with iron or wooden teeth. It is drawn over plowed land to level it and break the clods, to stir the soil and make it fine, or to cover seed when sown.

Harrow (n.) An obstacle formed by turning an ordinary harrow upside down, the frame being buried.

Harrow (n.) To draw a harrow over, as for the purpose of breaking clods and leveling the surface, or for covering seed; as, to harrow land.

Harrow (n.) To break or tear, as with a harrow; to wound; to lacerate; to torment or distress; to vex.

Harrower (n.) One who harrows.

Harrower (n.) One who harries.

Harshness (n.) The quality or state of being harsh.

Harslet (n.) See Haslet.

Hart (n.) A stag; the male of the red deer. See the Note under Buck.

Hartbeest (n.) A large South African antelope (Alcelaphus caama), formerly much more abundant than it is now. The face and legs are marked with black, the rump with white.

Hartford (n.) The Hartford grape, a variety of grape first raised at Hartford, Connecticut, from the Northern fox grape. Its large dark-colored berries ripen earlier than those of most other kinds.

Hart's-ear (n.) An Asiatic species of Cacalia (C. Kleinia), used medicinally in India.

Hartshorn (n.) The horn or antler of the hart, or male red deer.

Hartshorn (n.) Spirits of hartshorn (see below); volatile salts.

Hart-tongue (n.) A common British fern (Scolopendrium vulgare), rare in America.

Hart-tongue (n.) A West Indian fern, the Polypodium Phyllitidis of Linnaeus. It is also found in Florida.

Hartwort (n.) A coarse umbelliferous plant of Europe (Tordylium maximum).

Haruspication (n.) See Haruspicy.

Haruspice (n.) A diviner of ancient Rome. Same as Aruspice.

Haruspicy (n.) The art or practices of haruspices. See Aruspicy.

Harvest (n.) The gathering of a crop of any kind; the ingathering of the crops; also, the season of gathering grain and fruits, late summer or early autumn.

Harvest (n.) That which is reaped or ready to be reaped or gath//ed; a crop, as of grain (wheat, maize, etc.), or fruit.

Harvest (n.) The product or result of any exertion or labor; gain; reward.

Harvester (n.) One who harvests; a machine for cutting and gathering grain; a reaper.

Harvester (n.) A harvesting ant.

Harvest-home (n.) The gathering and bringing home of the harvest; the time of harvest.

Harvest-home (n.) The song sung by reapers at the feast made at the close of the harvest; the feast itself.

Harvest-home (n.) A service of thanksgiving, at harvest time, in the Church of England and in the Protestant Episcopal Church in the United States.

Harvest-home (n.) The opportunity of gathering treasure.

Harvestman (n.) A man engaged in harvesting.

Harvestman (n.) See Daddy longlegs, 1.

Harvestry (n.) The act of harvesting; also, that which is harvested.

Hasard (n.) Hazard.

Hash (n.) That which is hashed or chopped up; meat and vegetables, especially such as have been already cooked, chopped into small pieces and mixed.

Hash (n.) A new mixture of old matter; a second preparation or exhibition.

Hash (n.) To /hop into small pieces; to mince and mix; as, to hash meat.

Hasheesh (n.) Alt. of Hashish

Hashish (n.) A slightly acrid gum resin produced by the common hemp (Cannabis saltiva), of the variety Indica, when cultivated in a warm climate; also, the tops of the plant, from which the resinous product is obtained. It is narcotic, and has long been used in the East for its intoxicating effect. See Bhang, and Ganja.

Hask (n.) A basket made of rushes or flags, as for carrying fish.

Haslet (n.) The edible viscera, as the heart, liver, etc., of a beast, esp. of a hog.

Hasp (n.) A clasp, especially a metal strap permanently fast at one end to a staple or pin, while the other passes over a staple, and is fastened by a padlock or a pin; also, a metallic hook for fastening a door.

Hasp (n.) A spindle to wind yarn, thread, or silk on.

Hasp (n.) An instrument for cutting the surface of grass land; a scarifier.

Hassock (n.) A rank tuft of bog grass; a tussock.

Hassock (n.) A small stuffed cushion or footstool, for kneeling on in church, or for home use.

Hastate (n.) Alt. of Hastated

Hastated (n.) Shaped like the head of a halberd; triangular, with the basal angles or lobes spreading; as, a hastate leaf.

Haste (n.) Celerity of motion; speed; swiftness; dispatch; expedition; -- applied only to voluntary beings, as men and other animals.

Haste (n.) The state of being urged or pressed by business; hurry; urgency; sudden excitement of feeling or passion; precipitance; vehemence.

Haste (n.) To hasten; to hurry.

Hastener (n.) One who hastens.

Hastener (n.) That which hastens; especially, a stand or reflector used for confining the heat of the fire to meat while roasting before it.

Hastiness (n.) The quality or state of being hasty; haste; precipitation; rashness; quickness of temper.

Hastive (n.) Forward; early; -- said of fruits.

Hasty (n.) Involving haste; done, made, etc., in haste; as, a hasty sketch.

Hasty (n.) Demanding haste or immediate action.

Hasty (n.) Moving or acting with haste or in a hurry; hurrying; hence, acting without deliberation; precipitate; rash; easily excited; eager.

Hasty (n.) Made or reached without deliberation or due caution; as, a hasty conjecture, inference, conclusion, etc., a hasty resolution.

Hasty (n.) Proceeding from, or indicating, a quick temper.

Hasty (n.) Forward; early; first ripe.

Hat (n.) A covering for the head; esp., one with a crown and brim, made of various materials, and worn by men or women for protecting the head from the sun or weather, or for ornament.

Hatband (n.) A band round the crown of a hat; sometimes, a band of black cloth, crape, etc., worn as a badge of mourning.

Hatbox (n.) A box for a hat.

Hatch (n.) The act of hatching.

Hatch (n.) Development; disclosure; discovery.

Hatch (n.) The chickens produced at once or by one incubation; a brood.

Hatch (n.) A door with an opening over it; a half door, sometimes set with spikes on the upper edge.

Hatch (n.) A frame or weir in a river, for catching fish.

Hatch (n.) A flood gate; a a sluice gate.

Hatch (n.) A bedstead.

Hatch (n.) An opening in the deck of a vessel or floor of a warehouse which serves as a passageway or hoistway; a hatchway; also; a cover or door, or one of the covers used in closing such an opening.

Hatch (n.) An opening into, or in search of, a mine.

Hatch-boat (n.) A vessel whose deck consists almost wholly of movable hatches; -- used mostly in the fisheries.

Hatchel (n.) An instrument with long iron teeth set in a board, for cleansing flax or hemp from the tow, hards, or coarse part; a kind of large comb; -- called also hackle and heckle.

Hatchel (n.) To draw through the teeth of a hatchel, as flax or hemp, so as to separate the coarse and refuse parts from the fine, fibrous parts.

Hatchel (n.) To tease; to worry; to torment.

Hatcheler (n.) One who uses a hatchel.

Hatcher (n.) One who hatches, or that which hatches; a hatching apparatus; an incubator.

Hatcher (n.) One who contrives or originates; a plotter.

Hatchery (n.) A house for hatching fish, etc.

Hatchet (n.) A small ax with a short handle, to be used with one hand.

Hatchet (n.) Specifically, a tomahawk.

Hatchettine (n.) Alt. of Hatchettite

Hatchettite (n.) Mineral t/ low; a waxy or spermaceti-like substance, commonly of a greenish yellow color.

Hatching (n.) A mode of execution in engraving, drawing, and miniature painting, in which shading is produced by

Hatchment (n.) A sort of panel, upon which the arms of a deceased person are temporarily displayed, -- usually on the walls of his dwelling. It is lozenge-shaped or square, but is hung cornerwise. It is used in England as a means of giving public notification of the death of the deceased, his or her rank, whether married, widower, widow, etc. Called also achievement.

Hatchment (n.) A sword or other mark of the profession of arms; in general, a mark of dignity.

Hatchure (n.) Same as Hachure.

Hatchway (n.) A square or oblong opening in a deck or floor, affording passage from one deck or story to another; the entrance to a cellar.

Hate (n.) To have a great aversion to, with a strong desire that evil should befall the person toward whom the feeling is directed; to dislike intensely; to detest; as, to hate one's enemies; to hate hypocrisy.

Hate (n.) To be very unwilling; followed by an infinitive, or a substantive clause with that; as, to hate to get into debt; to hate that anything should be wasted.

Hate (n.) To love less, relatively.

Hater (n.) One who hates.

Hatrack (n.) A hatstand; hattree.

Hatred (n.) Strong aversion; intense dislike; hate; an affection of the mind awakened by something regarded as evil.

Hatstand (n.) A stand of wood or iron, with hooks or pegs upon which to hang hats, etc.

Hatter (n.) One who makes or sells hats.

Hatteria (n.) A New Zealand lizard, which, in anatomical character, differs widely from all other existing lizards. It is the only living representative of the order Rhynchocephala, of which many Mesozoic fossil species are known; -- called also Sphenodon, and Tuatera.

Hatting (n.) The business of making hats; also, stuff for hats.

Hatti-sherif (n.) A irrevocable Turkish decree countersigned by the sultan.

Hattree (n.) A hatstand.

Haubergeon (n.) See Habergeon.

Hauerite (n.) Native sulphide of manganese a reddish brown or brownish black mineral.

Haugh (n.) A low-lying meadow by the side of a river.

Haughtiness (n.) The quality of being haughty; disdain; arrogance.

Haul (n.) A pulling with force; a violent pull.

Haul (n.) A single draught of a net; as, to catch a hundred fish at a haul.

Haul (n.) That which is caught, taken, or gained at once, as by hauling a net.

Haul (n.) Transportation by hauling; the distance through which anything is hauled, as freight in a railroad car; as, a long haul or short haul.

Haul (n.) A bundle of about four hundred threads, to be tarred.

Haulage (n.) Act of hauling; as, the haulage of cars by an engine; charge for hauling.

Hauler (n.) One who hauls.

Haulm (n.) The denuded stems or stalks of such crops as buckwheat and the cereal grains, beans, etc.; straw.

Haulm (n.) A part of a harness; a hame.

Hauls (n.) See Hals.

Haum (n.) See Haulm, stalk.

Haunch (n.) The hip; the projecting region of the lateral parts of the pelvis and the hip joint; the hind part.

Haunch (n.) Of meats: The leg and loin taken together; as, a haunch of venison.

Haunt (n.) A place to which one frequently resorts; as, drinking saloons are the haunts of tipplers; a den is the haunt of wild beasts.

Haunt (n.) The habit of resorting to a place.

Haunt (n.) Practice; skill.

Haunter (n.) One who, or that which, haunts.

Hausen (n.) A large sturgeon (Acipenser huso) from the region of the Black Sea. It is sometimes twelve feet long.

Hausse (n.) A kind of graduated breech sight for a small arm, or a cannon.

Haustellate (n.) One of the Haustellata.

Haustellum (n.) The sucking proboscis of various insects. See Lepidoptera, and Diptera.

Haustorium (n.) One of the suckerlike rootlets of such plants as the dodder and ivy.

Hautboy (n.) A wind instrument, sounded through a reed, and similar in shape to the clarinet, but with a thinner tone. Now more commonly called oboe. See Illust. of Oboe.

Hautboy (n.) A sort of strawberry (Fragaria elatior).

Hautboyist (n.) A player on the hautboy.

Hauteur (n.) Haughty manner or spirit; haughtiness; pride; arrogance.

Hautgout (n.) High relish or flavor; high seasoning.

Hautpas (n.) A raised part of the floor of a large room; a platform for a raised table or throne. See Dais.

Hauynite (n.) A blue isometric mineral, characteristic of some volcani/ rocks. It is a silicate of alumina, lime, and soda, with sulphate of lime.

Havana (n.) An Havana cigar.

Havelock (n.) A light cloth covering for the head and neck, used by soldiers as a protection from sunstroke.

Haven (n.) A bay, recess, or inlet of the sea, or the mouth of a river, which affords anchorage and shelter for shipping; a harbor; a port.

Haven (n.) A place of safety; a shelter; an asylum.

Havenage (n.) Harbor dues; port dues.

Havener (n.) A harbor master.

Haver (n.) A possessor; a holder.

Haver (n.) The oat; oats.

Haversack (n.) A bag for oats or oatmeal.

Haversack (n.) A bag or case, usually of stout cloth, in which a soldier carries his rations when on a march; -- distinguished from knapsack.

Haversack (n.) A gunner's case or bag used carry cartridges from the ammunition chest to the piece in loading.

Havildar (n.) In the British Indian armies, a noncommissioned officer of native soldiers, corresponding to a sergeant.

Having (n.) Possession; goods; estate.

Havior (n.) Behavior; demeanor.

Havoc (n.) Wide and general destruction; devastation; waste.

Havoc (n.) A cry in war as the signal for indiscriminate slaughter.

Haw (n.) A hedge; an inclosed garden or yard.

Haw (n.) The fruit of the hawthorn.

Haw (n.) The third eyelid, or nictitating membrane. See Nictitating membrane, under Nictitate.

Haw (n.) An intermission or hesitation of speech, with a sound somewhat like haw! also, the sound so made.

Hawaiian (n.) A native of Hawaii.

Hawebake (n.) Probably, the baked berry of the hawthorn tree, that is, coarse fare. See 1st Haw, 2.

Hawfinch (n.) The common European grosbeak (Coccothraustes vulgaris); -- called also cherry finch, and coble.

Haw-haw (n.) See Ha-ha.

Hawk (n.) One of numerous species and genera of rapacious birds of the family Falconidae. They differ from the true falcons in lacking the prominent tooth and notch of the bill, and in having shorter and less pointed wings. Many are of large size and grade into the eagles. Some, as the goshawk, were formerly trained like falcons. In a more general sense the word is not infrequently applied, also, to true falcons, as the sparrow hawk, pigeon hawk, duck hawk, and prairie hawk.

Hawk (n.) An effort to force up phlegm from the throat, accompanied with noise.

Hawk (n.) A small board, with a handle on the under side, to hold mortar.

Hawkbill (n.) A sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata), which yields the best quality of tortoise shell; -- called also caret.

Hawkbit (n.) The fall dandelion (Leontodon autumnale).

Hawker (n.) One who sells wares by crying them in the street; hence, a peddler or a packman.

Hawker (n.) A falconer.

Hawkey (n.) See Hockey.

Hawkweed (n.) A plant of the genus Hieracium; -- so called from the ancient belief that birds of prey used its juice to strengthen their vision.

Hawkweed (n.) A plant of the genus Senecio (S. hieracifolius).

Hawm (n.) See Haulm, straw.

Hawse (n.) A hawse hole.

Hawse (n.) The situation of the cables when a vessel is moored with two anchors, one on the starboard, the other on the port bow.

Hawse (n.) The distance ahead to which the cables usually extend; as, the ship has a clear or open hawse, or a foul hawse; to anchor in our hawse, or athwart hawse.

Hawse (n.) That part of a vessel's bow in which are the hawse holes for the cables.

Hawser (n.) A large rope made of three strands each containing many yarns.

Hawthorn (n.) A thorny shrub or tree (the Crataegus oxyacantha), having deeply lobed, shining leaves, small, roselike, fragrant flowers, and a fruit called haw. It is much used in Europe for hedges, and for standards in gardens. The American hawthorn is Crataegus cordata, which has the leaves but little lobed.

Hay (n.) A hedge.

Hay (n.) A net set around the haunt of an animal, especially of a rabbit.

Hay (n.) Grass cut and cured for fodder.

Haybird (n.) The European spotted flycatcher.

Haybird (n.) The European blackcap.

Haybote (n.) An allowance of wood to a tenant for repairing his hedges or fences; hedgebote. See Bote.

Haycock (n.) A conical pile or hear of hay in the field.

Hay-cutter (n.) A machine in which hay is chopped short, as fodder for cattle.

Hayfield (n.) A field where grass for hay has been cut; a meadow.

Hayfork (n.) A fork for pitching and tedding hay.

Hayloft (n.) A loft or scaffold for hay.

Haymaker (n.) One who cuts and cures hay.

Haymaker (n.) A machine for curing hay in rainy weather.

Haymaking (n.) The operation or work of cutting grass and curing it for hay.

Haymow (n.) A mow or mass of hay laid up in a barn for preservation.

Haymow (n.) The place in a barn where hay is deposited.

Hayrack (n.) A frame mounted on the running gear of a wagon, and used in hauling hay, straw, sheaves, etc.; -- called also hay rigging.

Hayrake (n.) A rake for collecting hay; especially, a large rake drawn by a horse or horses.

Hayrick (n.) A heap or pile of hay, usually covered with thatch for preservation in the open air.

Haystack (n.) A stack or conical pile of hay in the open air.

Haystalk (n.) A stalk of hay.

Haythorn (n.) Hawthorn.

Haytian (n.) A native of Hayti.

Hayward (n.) An officer who is appointed to guard hedges, and to keep cattle from breaking or cropping them, and whose further duty it is to impound animals found running at large.

Hazard (n.) A game of chance played with dice.

Hazard (n.) The uncertain result of throwing a die; hence, a fortuitous event; chance; accident; casualty.

Hazard (n.) Risk; danger; peril; as, he encountered the enemy at the hazard of his reputation and life.

Hazard (n.) Holing a ball, whether the object ball (winning hazard) or the player's ball (losing hazard).

Hazard (n.) Anything that is hazarded or risked, as the stakes in gaming.

Hazard (n.) To expose to the operation of chance; to put in danger of loss or injury; to venture; to risk.

Hazard (n.) To venture to incur, or bring on.

Hazarder (n.) A player at the game of hazard; a gamester.

Hazarder (n.) One who hazards or ventures.

Hazardize (n.) A hazardous attempt or situation; hazard.

Hazardry (n.) Playing at hazard; gaming; gambling.

Hazardry (n.) Rashness; temerity.

Haze (n.) Light vapor or smoke in the air which more or less impedes vision, with little or no dampness; a lack of transparency in the air; hence, figuratively, obscurity; dimness.

Hazel (n.) A shrub or small tree of the genus Corylus, as the C. avellana, bearing a nut containing a kernel of a mild, farinaceous taste; the filbert. The American species are C. Americana, which produces the common hazelnut, and C. rostrata. See Filbert.

Hazel (n.) A miner's name for freestone.

Hazelnut (n.) The nut of the hazel.

Hazelwort (n.) The asarabacca.

Haziness (n.) The quality or state of being hazy.

Hazy (n.) Thick with haze; somewhat obscured with haze; not clear or transparent.

Hazy (n.) Obscure; confused; not clear; as, a hazy argument; a hazy intellect.

Head (n.) The anterior or superior part of an animal, containing the brain, or chief ganglia of the nervous system, the mouth, and in the higher animals, the chief sensory organs; poll; cephalon.

Head (n.) The uppermost, foremost, or most important part of an inanimate object; such a part as may be considered to resemble the head of an animal; often, also, the larger, thicker, or heavier part or extremity, in distinction from the smaller or thinner part, or from the point or edge; as, the head of a cane, a nail, a spear, an ax, a mast, a sail, a ship; that which covers and closes the top or the end of a hollow vessel; as, the head of a cask or a steam boiler.

Head (n.) The place where the head should go; as, the head of a bed, of a grave, etc.; the head of a carriage, that is, the hood which covers the head.

Head (n.) The most prominent or important member of any organized body; the chief; the leader; as, the head of a college, a school, a church, a state, and the like.

Head (n.) The place or honor, or of command; the most important or foremost position; the front; as, the head of the table; the head of a column of soldiers.

Head (n.) Each one among many; an individual; -- often used in a plural sense; as, a thousand head of cattle.

Head (n.) The seat of the intellect; the brain; the understanding; the mental faculties; as, a good head, that is, a good mind; it never entered his head, it did not occur to him; of his own head, of his own thought or will.

Head (n.) The source, fountain, spring, or beginning, as of a stream or river; as, the head of the Nile; hence, the altitude of the source, or the height of the surface, as of water, above a given place, as above an orifice at which it issues, and the pressure resulting from the height or from motion; sometimes also, the quantity in reserve; as, a mill or reservoir has a good head of water, or ten feet head; also, that part of a gulf or bay most remote from the outlet or the sea.

Head (n.) A headland; a promontory; as, Gay Head.

Head (n.) A separate part, or topic, of a discourse; a theme to be expanded; a subdivision; as, the heads of a sermon.

Head (n.) Culminating point or crisis; hence, strength; force; height.

Head (n.) Power; armed force.

Head (n.) A headdress; a covering of the head; as, a laced head; a head of hair.

Head (n.) An ear of wheat, barley, or of one of the other small cereals.

Head (n.) A dense cluster of flowers, as in clover, daisies, thistles; a capitulum.

Head (n.) A dense, compact mass of leaves, as in a cabbage or a lettuce plant.

Head (n.) The antlers of a deer.

Head (n.) A rounded mass of foam which rises on a pot of beer or other effervescing liquor.

Head (n.) Tiles laid at the eaves of a house.

Headache (n.) Pain in the head; cephalalgia.

Headband (n.) A fillet; a band for the head.

Headband (n.) The band at each end of the back of a book.

Headbeard (n.) A board or boarding which marks or forms the head of anything; as, the headboard of a bed; the headboard of a grave.

Headborough (n.) Alt. of Headborrow

Headborrow (n.) The chief of a frankpledge, tithing, or decennary, consisting of ten families; -- called also borsholder, boroughhead, boroughholder, and sometimes tithingman. See Borsholder.

Headborrow (n.) A petty constable.

Head-cheese (n.) A dish made of portions of the head, or head and feet, of swine, cut up fine, seasoned, and pressed into a cheeselike mass.

Headdress (n.) A covering or ornament for the head; a headtire.

Headdress (n.) A manner of dressing the hair or of adorning it, whether with or without a veil, ribbons, combs, etc.

Header (n.) One who, or that which, heads nails, rivets, etc., esp. a machine for heading.

Header (n.) One who heads a movement, a party, or a mob; head; chief; leader.

Header (n.) A brick or stone laid with its shorter face or head in the surface of the wall.

Header (n.) In framing, the piece of timber fitted between two trimmers, and supported by them, and carrying the ends of the tailpieces.

Header (n.) A reaper for wheat, that cuts off the heads only.

Header (n.) A fall or plunge headforemost, as while riding a bicycle, or in bathing; as, to take a header.

Headfish (n.) The sunfish (Mola).

Head gear (n.) Alt. of Headgear

Headgear (n.) Headdress.

Headgear (n.) Apparatus above ground at the mouth of a mine or deep well.

Head-hunter (n.) A member of any tribe or race of savages who have the custom of decapitating human beings and preserving their heads as trophies. The Dyaks of Borneo are the most noted head-hunters.

Headiness (n.) The quality of being heady.

Heading (n.) The act or state of one who, or that which, heads; formation of a head.

Heading (n.) That which stands at the head; title; as, the heading of a paper.

Heading (n.) Material for the heads of casks, barrels, etc.

Heading (n.) A gallery, drift, or adit in a mine; also, the end of a drift or gallery; the vein above a drift.

Heading (n.) The extension of a

Heading (n.) That end of a stone or brick which is presented outward.

Headland (n.) A cape; a promontory; a point of land projecting into the sea or other expanse of water.

Headland (n.) A ridge or strip of unplowed at the ends of furrows, or near a fence.

Headlight (n.) A light, with a powerful reflector, placed at the head of a locomotive, or in front of it, to throw light on the track at night, or in going through a dark tunnel.



Headman (n.) A head or leading man, especially of a village community.

Headnote (n.) A note at the head of a page or chapter; in law reports, an abstract of a case, showing the principles involved and the opinion of the court.

Headpan (n.) The brainpan.

Headpiece (n.) Head.

Headpiece (n.) A cap of defense; especially, an open one, as distinguished from the closed helmet of the Middle Ages.

Headpiece (n.) Understanding; mental faculty.

Headpiece (n.) An engraved ornament at the head of a chapter, or of a page.

Headrace (n.) See Race, a water course.

Headroom (n.) See Headway, 2.

Headrope (n.) That part of a boltrope which is sewed to the upper edge or head of a sail.

Headsail (n.) Any sail set forward of the foremast.

Headshake (n.) A significant shake of the head, commonly as a signal of denial.

Headship (n.) Authority or dignity; chief place.

Headsman (n.) An executioner who cuts off heads.

Headspring (n.) Fountain; source.

Headstall (n.) That part of a bridle or halter which encompasses the head.

Headstock (n.) A part (usually separate from the bed or frame) for supporting some of the principal working parts of a machine

Headstock (n.) The part of a lathe that holds the revolving spindle and its attachments; -- also called poppet head, the opposite corresponding part being called a tailstock.

Headstock (n.) The part of a planing machine that supports the cutter, etc.

Headstone (n.) The principal stone in a foundation; the chief or corner stone.

Headstone (n.) The stone at the head of a grave.

Headstrongness (n.) Obstinacy.

Headtire (n.) A headdress.

Headtire (n.) The manner of dressing the head, as at a particular time and place.

Headway (n.) The progress made by a ship in motion; hence, progress or success of any kind.

Headway (n.) Clear space under an arch, girder, and the like, sufficient to allow of easy passing underneath.

Headwork (n.) Mental labor.

Healall (n.) A common herb of the Mint family (Brunela vulgaris), destitute of active properties, but anciently thought a panacea.

Heald (n.) A heddle.

Health (n.) The state of being hale, sound, or whole, in body, mind, or soul; especially, the state of being free from physical disease or pain.

Health (n.) A wish of health and happiness, as in pledging a person in a toast.

Healthfulness (n.) The state of being healthful.

Healthiness (n.) The state of being healthy or healthful; freedom from disease.

Healthless (n.) Without health, whether of body or mind; in firm.

Healthless (n.) Not conducive to health; unwholesome.

Healthlessness (n.) The state of being health/ess.

Heam (n.) The afterbirth or secundines of a beast.

Heap (n.) A crowd; a throng; a multitude or great number of persons.

Heap (n.) A great number or large quantity of things not placed in a pile.

Heap (n.) A pile or mass; a collection of things laid in a body, or thrown together so as to form an elevation; as, a heap of earth or stones.

Heaper (n.) One who heaps, piles, or amasses.

Hearer (n.) One who hears; an auditor.

Hearing (n.) The act or power of perceiving sound; perception of sound; the faculty or sense by which sound is perceived; as, my hearing is good.

Hearing (n.) Attention to what is delivered; opportunity to be heard; audience; as, I could not obtain a hearing.

Hearing (n.) A listening to facts and evidence, for the sake of adjudication; a session of a court for considering proofs and determining issues.

Hearing (n.) Extent within which sound may be heard; sound; earshot.

Hearkener (n.) One who hearkens; a listener.

Hearsal (n.) Rehearsal.

Hearsay (n.) Report; rumor; fame; common talk; something heard from another.

Hearse (n.) A hind in the year of its age.

Hearse (n.) A framework of wood or metal placed over the coffin or tomb of a deceased person, and covered with a pall; also, a temporary canopy bearing wax lights and set up in a church, under which the coffin was placed during the funeral ceremonies.

Hearse (n.) A grave, coffin, tomb, or sepulchral monument.

Hearse (n.) A bier or handbarrow for conveying the dead to the grave.

Hearse (n.) A carriage specially adapted or used for conveying the dead to the grave.

Hearsecloth (n.) A cloth for covering a coffin when on a bier; a pall.

Heart (n.) A hollow, muscular organ, which, by contracting rhythmically, keeps up the circulation of the blood.

Heart (n.) The seat of the affections or sensibilities, collectively or separately, as love, hate, joy, grief, courage, and the like; rarely, the seat of the understanding or will; -- usually in a good sense, when no epithet is expressed; the better or lovelier part of our nature; the spring of all our actions and purposes; the seat of moral life and character; the moral affections and character itself; the individual disposition and character; as, a good, tender, loving, bad, hard, or self>

Heart (n.) The nearest the middle or center; the part most hidden and within; the inmost or most essential part of any body or system; the source of life and motion in any organization; the chief or vital portion; the center of activity, or of energetic or efficient action; as, the heart of a country, of a tree, etc.

Heart (n.) Courage; courageous purpose; spirit.

Heart (n.) Vigorous and efficient activity; power of fertile production; condition of the soil, whether good or bad.

Heart (n.) That which resembles a heart in shape; especially, a roundish or oval figure or object having an obtuse point at one end, and at the other a corresponding indentation, -- used as a symbol or representative of the heart.

Heart (n.) One of a series of playing cards, distinguished by the figure or figures of a heart; as, hearts are trumps.

Heart (n.) Vital part; secret meaning; real intention.

Heart (n.) A term of affectionate or kindly and familiar address.

Heartache (n.) Sorrow; anguish of mind; mental pang.

Heartbreak (n.) Crushing sorrow or grief; a yielding to such grief.

Heartburn (n.) An uneasy, burning sensation in the stomach, often attended with an inclination to vomit. It is sometimes idiopathic, but is often a symptom of often complaints.

Heartburning (n.) Same as Heartburn.

Heartburning (n.) Discontent; secret enmity.

Heartedness (n.) Earnestness; sincerity; heartiness.

Heartener (n.) One who, or that which, heartens, animates, or stirs up.

Heartgrief (n.) Heartache; sorrow.

Hearth (n.) The pavement or floor of brick, stone, or metal in a chimney, on which a fire is made; the floor of a fireplace; also, a corresponding part of a stove.

Hearth (n.) The house itself, as the abode of comfort to its inmates and of hospitality to strangers; fireside.

Hearth (n.) The floor of a furnace, on which the material to be heated lies, or the lowest part of a melting furnace, into which the melted material settles.

Hearthstone (n.) Stone forming the hearth; hence, the fireside; home.

Heariness (n.) The quality of being hearty; as, the heartiness of a greeting.

Heartlet (n.) A little heart.

Heartpea (n.) Same as Heartseed.

Heartquake (n.) Trembling of the heart; trepidation; fear.

Heart's-ease (n.) Ease of heart; peace or tranquillity of mind or feeling.

Heart's-ease (n.) A species of violet (Viola tricolor); -- called also pansy.

Heartseed (n.) A climbing plant of the genus Cardiospermum, having round seeds which are marked with a spot like a heart.

Heart-spoon (n.) A part of the breastbone.

Heartstring (n.) A nerve or tendon, supposed to brace and sustain the heart.

Heartwood (n.) The hard, central part of the trunk of a tree, consisting of the old and matured wood, and usually differing in color from the outer layers. It is technically known as duramen, and distinguished from the softer sapwood or alburnum.

Hearty (n.) Comrade; boon companion; good fellow; -- a term of familiar address and fellowship among sailors.

Heat (n.) A force in nature which is recognized in various effects, but especially in the phenomena of fusion and evaporation, and which, as manifested in fire, the sun's rays, mechanical action, chemical combination, etc., becomes directly known to us through the sense of feeling. In its nature heat is a mode if motion, being in general a form of molecular disturbance or vibration. It was formerly supposed to be a subtile, imponderable fluid, to which was given the name caloric.

Heat (n.) The sensation caused by the force or influence of heat when excessive, or above that which is normal to the human body; the bodily feeling experienced on exposure to fire, the sun's rays, etc.; the reverse of cold.

Heat (n.) High temperature, as distinguished from low temperature, or cold; as, the heat of summer and the cold of winter; heat of the skin or body in fever, etc.

Heat (n.) Indication of high temperature; appearance, condition, or color of a body, as indicating its temperature; redness; high color; flush; degree of temperature to which something is heated, as indicated by appearance, condition, or otherwise.

Heat (n.) A single complete operation of heating, as at a forge or in a furnace; as, to make a horseshoe in a certain number of heats.

Heat (n.) A violent action unintermitted; a single effort; a single course in a race that consists of two or more courses; as, he won two heats out of three.

Heat (n.) Utmost violence; rage; vehemence; as, the heat of battle or party.

Heat (n.) Agitation of mind; inflammation or excitement; exasperation.

Heat (n.) Animation, as in discourse; ardor; fervency.

Heat (n.) Sexual excitement in animals.

Heat (n.) Fermentation.

Heater (n.) One who, or that which, heats.

Heater (n.) Any contrivance or implement, as a furnace, stove, or other heated body or vessel, etc., used to impart heat to something, or to contain something to be heated.

Heath (n.) A low shrub (Erica, / Calluna, vulgaris), with minute evergreen leaves, and handsome clusters of pink flowers. It is used in Great Britain for brooms, thatch, beds for the poor, and for heating ovens. It is also called heather, and ling.

Heath (n.) Also, any species of the genus Erica, of which several are European, and many more are South African, some of great beauty. See Illust. of Heather.

Heath (n.) A place overgrown with heath; any cheerless tract of country overgrown with shrubs or coarse herbage.

Heathen (n.) An individual of the pagan or unbelieving nations, or those which worship idols and do not acknowledge the true God; a pagan; an idolater.

Heathen (n.) An irreligious person.

Heathendom (n.) That part of the world where heathenism prevails; the heathen nations, considered collectively.

Heathendom (n.) Heathenism.

Heathenesse (n.) Heathendom.

Heathenishness (n.) The state or quality of being heathenish.

Heathenism (n.) The religious system or rites of a heathen nation; idolatry; paganism.

Heathenism (n.) The manners or morals usually prevalent in a heathen country; ignorance; rudeness; barbarism.

Heathenness (n.) State of being heathen or like the heathen.

Heathenry (n.) The state, quality, or character of the heathen.

Heathenry (n.) Heathendom; heathen nations.

Heather (n.) Heath.

Heave (n.) An effort to raise something, as a weight, or one's self, or to move something heavy.

Heave (n.) An upward motion; a rising; a swell or distention, as of the breast in difficult breathing, of the waves, of the earth in an earthquake, and the like.

Heave (n.) A horizontal dislocation in a metallic lode, taking place at an intersection with another lode.

Heaven (n.) The expanse of space surrounding the earth; esp., that which seems to be over the earth like a great arch or dome; the firmament; the sky; the place where the sun, moon, and stars appear; -- often used in the plural in this sense.

Heaven (n.) The dwelling place of the Deity; the abode of bliss; the place or state of the blessed after death.

Heaven (n.) The sovereign of heaven; God; also, the assembly of the blessed, collectively; -- used variously in this sense, as in No. 2.

Heaven (n.) Any place of supreme happiness or great comfort; perfect felicity; bliss; a sublime or exalted condition; as, a heaven of delight.


Heaver (n.) One who, or that which, heaves or lifts; a laborer employed on docks in handling freight; as, a coal heaver.

Heaver (n.) A bar used as a lever.

Heaves (n.) A disease of horses, characterized by difficult breathing, with heaving of the flank, wheezing, flatulency, and a peculiar cough; broken wind.

Heaviness (n.) The state or quality of being heavy in its various senses; weight; sadness; sluggishness; oppression; thickness.

Heaving (n.) A lifting or rising; a swell; a panting or deep sighing.

Hebdomad (n.) A week; a period of seven days.

Hebdomadary (n.) A member of a chapter or convent, whose week it is to officiate in the choir, and perform other services, which, on extraordinary occasions, are performed by the superiors.

Hebe (n.) The goddess of youth, daughter of Jupiter and Juno. She was believed to have the power of restoring youth and beauty to those who had lost them.

Hebe (n.) An African ape; the hamadryas.

Heben (n.) Ebony.

Hebenon (n.) See Henbane.

Hebetation (n.) The act of making blunt, dull, or stupid.

Hebetation (n.) The state of being blunted or dulled.

Hebetude (n.) Dullness; stupidity.

Hebraism (n.) A Hebrew idiom or custom; a peculiar expression or manner of speaking in the Hebrew language.

Hebraism (n.) The type of character of the Hebrews.

Hebraist (n.) One versed in the Hebrew language and learning.

Hebrew (n.) An appellative of Abraham or of one of his descendants, esp. in the

Hebrew (n.) The language of the Hebrews; -- one of the Semitic family of languages.

Hebrewess (n.) An Israelitish woman.

Hebrician (n.) A Hebraist.

Hebridian (n.) A native or inhabitant of the Hebrides.

Hecatomb (n.) A sacrifice of a hundred oxen or cattle at the same time; hence, the sacrifice or slaughter of any large number of victims.

Hecatompedon (n.) A name given to the old Parthenon at Athens, because measuring 100 Greek feet, probably in the width across the stylobate.

Hecdecane (n.) A white, semisolid, spermaceti-like hydrocarbon, C16H34, of the paraffin series, found dissolved as an important ingredient of kerosene, and so called because each molecule has sixteen atoms of carbon; -- called also hexadecane.

Heck (n.) The bolt or latch of a door.

Heck (n.) A rack for cattle to feed at.

Heck (n.) A door, especially one partly of latticework; -- called also heck door.

Heck (n.) A latticework contrivance for catching fish.

Heck (n.) An apparatus for separating the threads of warps into sets, as they are wound upon the reel from the bobbins, in a warping machine.

Heck (n.) A bend or winding of a stream.

Heckimal (n.) The European blue titmouse (Parus coeruleus).

Hectare (n.) A measure of area, or superficies, containing a hundred ares, or 10,000 square meters, and equivalent to 2.471 acres.

Hectic (n.) Hectic fever.

Hectic (n.) A hectic flush.

Hectocotylus (n.) One of the arms of the male of most kinds of cephalopods, which is specially modified in various ways to effect the fertilization of the eggs. In a special sense, the greatly modified arm of Argonauta and allied genera, which, after receiving the spermatophores, becomes detached from the male, and attaches itself to the female for reproductive purposes.

Hectogram (n.) A measure of weight, containing a hundred grams, or about 3.527 ounces avoirdupois.

Hectogramme (n.) The same as Hectogram.

Hectograph (n.) A contrivance for multiple copying, by means of a surface of gelatin softened with glycerin.

Hectoliter (n.) Alt. of Hectolitre

Hectolitre (n.) A measure of liquids, containing a hundred liters; equal to a tenth of a cubic meter, nearly 26/ gallons of wine measure, or 22.0097 imperial gallons. As a dry measure, it contains ten decaliters, or about 2/ Winchester bushels.

Hectometer (n.) Alt. of Hectometre

Hectometre (n.) A measure of length, equal to a hundred meters. It is equivalent to 328.09 feet.

Hector (n.) A bully; a blustering, turbulent, insolent, fellow; one who vexes or provokes.

Hectorism (n.) The disposition or the practice of a hector; a bullying.

Hectostere (n.) A measure of solidity, containing one hundred cubic meters, and equivalent to 3531.66 English or 3531.05 United States cubic feet.

Heddle (n.) One of the sets of parallel doubled threads which, with mounting, compose the harness employed to guide the warp threads to the lathe or batten in a loom.

Heddle-eye (n.) The eye or loop formed in each heddle to receive a warp thread.

Hedge (n.) A thicket of bushes, usually thorn bushes; especially, such a thicket planted as a fence between any two portions of land; and also any sort of shrubbery, as evergreens, planted in a

Hedgebote (n.) Same as Haybote.

Hedgehog (n.) A small European insectivore (Erinaceus Europaeus), and other allied species of Asia and Africa, having the hair on the upper part of its body mixed with prickles or spines. It is able to roll itself into a ball so as to present the spines outwardly in every direction. It is nocturnal in its habits, feeding chiefly upon insects.

Hedgehog (n.) The Canadian porcupine.

Hedgehog (n.) A species of Medicago (M. intertexta), the pods of which are armed with short spines; -- popularly so called.

Hedgehog (n.) A form of dredging machine.

Hedgepig (n.) A young hedgehog.

Hedger (n.) One who makes or mends hedges; also, one who hedges, as, in betting.

Hedgerow (n.) A row of shrubs, or trees, planted for inclosure or separation of fields.

Heed (n.) Attention; notice; observation; regard; -- often with give or take.

Heed (n.) Careful consideration; obedient regard.

Heed (n.) A look or expression of heading.

Heel (n.) The hinder part of the foot; sometimes, the whole foot; -- in man or quadrupeds.

Heel (n.) The hinder part of any covering for the foot, as of a shoe, sock, etc.; specif., a solid part projecting downward from the hinder part of the sole of a boot or shoe.

Heel (n.) The latter or remaining part of anything; the closing or concluding part.

Heel (n.) Anything regarded as like a human heel in shape; a protuberance; a knob.

Heel (n.) The part of a thing corresponding in position to the human heel; the lower part, or part on which a thing rests

Heel (n.) The after end of a ship's keel.

Heel (n.) The lower end of a mast, a boom, the bowsprit, the sternpost, etc.

Heel (n.) In a small arm, the corner of the but which is upwards in the firing position.

Heel (n.) The uppermost part of the blade of a sword, next to the hilt.

Heel (n.) The part of any tool next the tang or handle; as, the heel of a scythe.

Heel (n.) Management by the heel, especially the spurred heel; as, the horse understands the heel well.

Heel (n.) The lower end of a timber in a frame, as a post or rafter. In the United States, specif., the obtuse angle of the lower end of a rafter set sloping.

Heel (n.) A cyma reversa; -- so called by workmen.

Heelball (n.) A composition of wax and lampblack, used by shoemakers for polishing, and by antiquaries in copying inscriptions.

Heeler (n.) A cock that strikes well with his heels or spurs.

Heeler (n.) A dependent and subservient hanger-on of a political patron.

Heelpiece (n.) A piece of armor to protect the heels.

Heelpiece (n.) A piece of leather fixed on the heel of a shoe.

Heelpiece (n.) The end.

Heelpost (n.) The post supporting the outer end of a propeller shaft.

Heelpost (n.) The post to which a gate or door is hinged.

Heelpost (n.) The quoin post of a lock gate.

Heelspur (n.) A slender bony or cartilaginous process developed from the heel bone of bats. It helps to support the wing membranes. See Illust. of Cheiropter.

Heeltap (n.) One of the segments of leather in the heel of a shoe.

Heeltap (n.) A small portion of liquor left in a glass after drinking.

Heeltool (n.) A tool used by turners in metal, having a bend forming a heel near the cutting end.

Heep (n.) The hip of the dog-rose.

Heer (n.) A yarn measure of six hundred yards or / of a spindle. See Spindle.

Heer (n.) Hair.

Heft (n.) Same as Haft, n.

Heft (n.) The act or effort of heaving/ violent strain or exertion.

Heft (n.) Weight; ponderousness.

Heft (n.) The greater part or bulk of anything; as, the heft of the crop was spoiled.

Hegelian (n.) A follower of Hegel.

Hegelianism (n.) Alt. of Hegelism

Hegelism (n.) The system of logic and philosophy set forth by Hegel, a German writer (1770-1831).

Hegemony (n.) Leadership; preponderant influence or authority; -- usually applied to the relation of a government or state to its neighbors or confederates.

Hegge (n.) A hedge.

Hegira (n.) The flight of Mohammed from Mecca, September 13, A. D. 622 (subsequently established as the first year of the Moslem era); hence, any flight or exodus regarded as like that of Mohammed.

Heifer (n.) A young cow.

Height (n.) The condition of being high; elevated position.

Height (n.) The distance to which anything rises above its foot, above that on which in stands, above the earth, or above the level of the sea; altitude; the measure upward from a surface, as the floor or the ground, of animal, especially of a man; stature.

Height (n.) Degree of latitude either north or south.

Height (n.) That which is elevated; an eminence; a hill or mountain; as, Alpine heights.

Height (n.) Elevation in excellence of any kind, as in power, learning, arts; also, an advanced degree of social rank; preeminence or distinction in society; prominence.

Height (n.) Progress toward eminence; grade; degree.

Height (n.) Utmost degree in extent; extreme limit of energy or condition; as, the height of a fever, of passion, of madness, of folly; the height of a tempest.

Heightener (n.) One who, or that which, heightens.

Heir (n.) One who inherits, or is entitled to succeed to the possession of, any property after the death of its owner; one on whom the law bestows the title or property of another at the death of the latter.

Heir (n.) One who receives any endowment from an ancestor or relation; as, the heir of one's reputation or virtues.

Heirdom (n.) The state of an heir; succession by inheritance.

Heiress (n.) A female heir.

Heirloom (n.) Any furniture, movable, or personal chattel, which by law or special custom descends to the heir along with the inheritance; any piece of personal property that has been in a family for several generations.

Heirship (n.) The state, character, or privileges of an heir; right of inheriting.

Hejira (n.) See Hegira.

Hektare (n.) Alt. of Hektometer

Hektogram (n.) Alt. of Hektometer

Hektoliter (n.) Alt. of Hektometer

Hektometer (n.) Same as Hectare, Hectogram, Hectoliter, and Hectometer.

Hektograph (n.) See Hectograph.

Helamys (n.) See Jumping hare, under Hare.

Helcoplasty (n.) The act or process of repairing lesions made by ulcers, especially by a plastic operation.

Hele (n.) Health; welfare.

Helena (n.) See St. Elmo's fire, under Saint.

Helenin (n.) A neutral organic substance found in the root of the elecampane (Inula helenium), and extracted as a white crystal

Helianthin (n.) An artificial, orange dyestuff, analogous to tropaolin, and like it used as an indicator in alkalimetry; -- called also methyl orange.

Helichrysum (n.) A genus of composite plants, with shining, commonly white or yellow, or sometimes reddish, radiated involucres, which are often called "everlasting flowers."

Helicin (n.) A glucoside obtained as a white crystal

Helicograph (n.) An instrument for drawing spiral

Helicoid (n.) A warped surface which may be generated by a straight

Helicon (n.) A mountain in Boeotia, in Greece, supposed by the Greeks to be the residence of Apollo and the Muses.

Heliconia (n.) One of numerous species of Heliconius, a genus of tropical American butterflies. The wings are usually black, marked with green, crimson, and white.

Helicotrema (n.) The opening by which the two scalae communicate at the top of the cochlea of the ear.

Heliochrome (n.) A photograph in colors.

Heliochromy (n.) The art of producing photographs in color.

Heliograph (n.) A picture taken by heliography; a photograph.

Heliograph (n.) An instrument for taking photographs of the sun.

Heliograph (n.) An apparatus for telegraphing by means of the sun's rays. See Heliotrope, 3.

Heliography (n.) Photography.

Heliogravure (n.) The process of photographic engraving.

Heliolater (n.) A worshiper of the sun.

Heliolatry (n.) Sun worship. See Sabianism.

Heliolite (n.) A fossil coral of the genus Heliolites, having twelve-rayed cells. It is found in the Silurian rocks.

Heliometer (n.) An instrument devised originally for measuring the diameter of the sun; now employed for delicate measurements of the distance and relative direction of two stars too far apart to be easily measured in the field of view of an ordinary telescope.

Heliometry (n.) The apart or practice of measuring the diameters of heavenly bodies, their relative distances, etc. See Heliometer.

Heliopora (n.) An East Indian stony coral now known to belong to the Alcyonaria; -- called also blue coral.

Helioscope (n.) A telescope or instrument for viewing the sun without injury to the eyes, as through colored glasses, or with mirrors which reflect but a small portion of light.

Heliostat (n.) An instrument consisting of a mirror moved by clockwork, by which a sunbeam is made apparently stationary, by being steadily directed to one spot during the whole of its diurnal period; also, a geodetic heliotrope.

Heliotrope (n.) An instrument or machine for showing when the sun arrived at the tropics and equinoctial

Heliotrope (n.) A plant of the genus Heliotropium; -- called also turnsole and girasole. H. Peruvianum is the commonly cultivated species with fragrant flowers.

Heliotrope (n.) An instrument for making signals to an observer at a distance, by means of the sun's rays thrown from a mirror.

Heliotrope (n.) See Bloodstone (a).

Heliotroper (n.) The person at a geodetic station who has charge of the heliotrope.

Heliotropism (n.) The phenomenon of turning toward the light, seen in many leaves and flowers.

Heliotype (n.) A picture obtained by the process of heliotypy.

Heliotypy (n.) A method of transferring pictures from photographic negatives to hardened gelatin plates from which impressions are produced on paper as by lithography.

Helium (n.) A gaseous element found in the atmospheres of the sun and earth and in some rare minerals.

Helix (n.) A nonplane curve whose tangents are all equally inc

Helix (n.) A caulicule or little volute under the abacus of the Corinthian capital.

Helix (n.) The incurved margin or rim of the external ear. See Illust. of Ear.

Helix (n.) A genus of land snails, including a large number of species.

Hellanodic (n.) A judge or umpire in games or combats.

Hellbender (n.) A large North American aquatic salamander (Protonopsis horrida or Menopoma Alleghaniensis). It is very voracious and very tenacious of life. Also called alligator, and water dog.

Hellbroth (n.) A composition for infernal purposes; a magical preparation.

Hell-cat (n.) A witch; a hag.

Hell-diver (n.) The dabchick.

Hellebore (n.) A genus of perennial herbs (Helleborus) of the Crowfoot family, mostly having powerfully cathartic and even poisonous qualities. H. niger is the European black hellebore, or Christmas rose, blossoming in winter or earliest spring. H. officinalis was the officinal hellebore of the ancients.

Hellebore (n.) Any plant of several species of the poisonous liliaceous genus Veratrum, especially V. album and V. viride, both called white hellebore.

Helleborein (n.) A poisonous glucoside accompanying helleborin in several species of hellebore, and extracted as a white crystal

Helleborin (n.) A poisonous glucoside found in several species of hellebore, and extracted as a white crystal

Helleborism (n.) The practice or theory of using hellebore as a medicine.

Hellene (n.) A native of either ancient or modern Greece; a Greek.

Hellenic (n.) The dialect, formed with slight variations from the Attic, which prevailed among Greek writers after the time of Alexander.

Hellenism (n.) A phrase or form of speech in accordance with genius and construction or idioms of the Greek language; a Grecism.

Hellenism (n.) The type of character of the ancient Greeks, who aimed at culture, grace, and amenity, as the chief elements in human well-being and perfection.

Hellenist (n.) One who affiliates with Greeks, or imitates Greek manners; esp., a person of Jewish extraction who used the Greek language as his mother tongue, as did the Jews of Asia Minor, Greece, Syria, and Egypt; distinguished from the Hebraists, or native Jews (Acts vi. 1).

Hellenist (n.) One skilled in the Greek language and literature; as, the critical Hellenist.

Hellenotype (n.) See Ivorytype.

Hellespont (n.) A narrow strait between Europe and Asia, now called the Daradanelles. It connects the Aegean Sea and the sea of Marmora.

Hellgamite (n.) Alt. of Hellgramite

Hellgramite (n.) The aquatic larva of a large American winged insect (Corydalus cornutus), much used a fish bait by anglers; the dobson. It belongs to the Neuroptera.

Hellhag (n.) A hag of or fit for hell.

Hellhound (n.) A dog of hell; an agent of hell.

Hellkite (n.) A kite of infernal breed.

Helm (n.) See Haulm, straw.

Helm (n.) The apparatus by which a ship is steered, comprising rudder, tiller, wheel, etc.; -- commonly used of the tiller or wheel alone.

Helm (n.) The place or office of direction or administration.

Helm (n.) One at the place of direction or control; a steersman; hence, a guide; a director.

Helm (n.) A helve.

Helm (n.) A helmet.

Helm (n.) A heavy cloud lying on the brow of a mountain.

Helmage (n.) Guidance; direction.

Helmet (n.) A defensive covering for the head. See Casque, Headpiece, Morion, Sallet, and Illust. of Beaver.

Helmet (n.) The representation of a helmet over shields or coats of arms, denoting gradations of rank by modifications of form.

Helmet (n.) A helmet-shaped hat, made of cork, felt, metal, or other suitable material, worn as part of the uniform of soldiers, firemen, etc., also worn in hot countries as a protection from the heat of the sun.

Helmet (n.) That which resembles a helmet in form, position, etc.

Helmet (n.) The upper part of a retort.

Helmet (n.) The hood-formed upper sepal or petal of some flowers, as of the monkshood or the snapdragon.

Helmet (n.) A naked shield or protuberance on the top or fore part of the head of a bird.

Helminth (n.) An intestinal worm, or wormlike intestinal parasite; one of the Helminthes.

Helminthagogue (n.) A vermifuge.

Helminthiasis (n.) A disease in which worms are present in some part of the body.

Helminthic (n.) A vermifuge; an anthelmintic.

Helminthite (n.) One of the sinuous tracks on the surfaces of many stones, and popularly considered as worm trails.

Helminthologist (n.) One versed in helminthology.

Helminthology (n.) The natural history, or study, of worms, esp. parasitic worms.

Helmsman (n.) The man at the helm; a steersman.

Helmwind (n.) A wind attending or presaged by the cloud called helm.

Helot (n.) A slave in ancient Sparta; a Spartan serf; hence, a slave or serf.

Helotism (n.) The condition of the Helots or slaves in Sparta; slavery.

Helotry (n.) The Helots, collectively; slaves; bondsmen.

Helper (n.) One who, or that which, helps, aids, assists, or relieves; as, a lay helper in a parish.

Helpmate (n.) A helper; a companion; specifically, a wife.

Helpmeet (n.) A wife; a helpmate.

Helve (n.) The handle of an ax, hatchet, or adze.

Helve (n.) The lever at the end of which is the hammer head, in a forge hammer.

Helve (n.) A forge hammer which is lifted by a cam acting on the helve between the fulcrum and the head.

Helvetian (n.) A Swiss; a Switzer.

Helvine (n.) Alt. of Helvite

Helvite (n.) A mineral of a yellowish color, consisting chiefly of silica, glucina, manganese, and iron, with a little sulphur.

Hem (n.) An utterance or sound of the voice, hem or hm, often indicative of hesitation or doubt, sometimes used to call attention.

Hem (n.) The edge or border of a garment or cloth, doubled over and sewed, to strengthen raveling.

Hem (n.) Border; edge; margin.

Hem (n.) A border made on sheet-metal ware by doubling over the edge of the sheet, to stiffen it and remove the sharp edge.

Hemachate (n.) A species of agate, sprinkled with spots of red jasper.

Hemachrome (n.) Same as Haemachrome.

Hemacite (n.) A composition made from blood, mixed with mineral or vegetable substances, used for making buttons, door knobs, etc.

Hemadrometer (n.) Alt. of Hemadromometer

Hemadromometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the velocity with which the blood moves in the arteries.

Hemadrometry (n.) Alt. of Hemadromometry

Hemadromometry (n.) The act of measuring the velocity with which the blood circulates in the arteries; haemotachometry.

Hemadynamics (n.) The principles of dynamics in their application to the blood; that part of science which treats of the motion of the blood.

Hemadynamometer (n.) An instrument by which the pressure of the blood in the arteries, or veins, is measured by the height to which it will raise a column of mercury; -- called also a haemomanometer.

Hemaphaein (n.) Same as Haemaphaein.

Hemapophysis (n.) The second element in each half of a hemal arch, corresponding to the sternal part of a rib.

Hemastatics (n.) Laws relating to the equilibrium of the blood in the blood vessels.

Hematachometer (n.) Same as Haematachometer.

Hematein (n.) A reddish brown or violet crystal

Hematemesis (n.) A vomiting of blood.

Hematherm (n.) A warm-blooded animal.

Hematic (n.) A medicine designed to improve the condition of the blood.

Hematin (n.) Hematoxylin.

Hematin (n.) A bluish black, amorphous substance containing iron and obtained from blood. It exists the red blood corpuscles united with globulin, and the form of hemoglobin or oxyhemoglobin gives to the blood its red color.

Hematinometer (n.) A form of hemoglobinometer.

Hematinon (n.) A red consisting of silica, borax, and soda, fused with oxide of copper and iron, and used in enamels, mosaics, etc.

Hematite (n.) An important ore of iron, the sesquioxide, so called because of the red color of the powder. It occurs in splendent rhombohedral crystals, and in massive and earthy forms; -- the last called red ocher. Called also specular iron, oligist iron, rhombohedral iron ore, and bloodstone. See Brown hematite, under Brown.

Hematocele (n.) A tumor filled with blood.

Hematocrystallin (n.) See Hemoglobin.

Hematoidin (n.) A crystal

Hematology (n.) The science which treats of the blood.

Hematoma (n.) A circumscribed swelling produced by an effusion of blood beneath the skin.

Hematophilia (n.) A condition characterized by a tendency to profuse and uncontrollable hemorrhage from the slightest wounds.

Hematosin (n.) The hematin of blood.

Hematosis (n.) Sanguification; the conversion of chyle into blood.

Hematosis (n.) The arterialization of the blood in the lungs; the formation of blood in general; haematogenesis.

Hematoxylin (n.) Haematoxylin.

Hematuria (n.) Passage of urine mingled with blood.

Hemautography (n.) The obtaining of a curve similar to a pulse curve or sphygmogram by allowing the blood from a divided artery to strike against a piece of paper.

Hemelytron (n.) Alt. of Hemelytrum

Hemelytrum (n.) One of the partially thickened anterior wings of certain insects, as of many Hemiptera, the earwigs, etc.

Hemeralopia (n.) A disease of the eyes, in consequence of which a person can see clearly or without pain only by daylight or a strong artificial light; day sight.

Hemerobian (n.) A neuropterous insect of the genus Hemerobius, and allied genera.

Hemerocallis (n.) A genus of plants, some species of which are cultivated for their beautiful flowers; day lily.

Hemialbumin (n.) Same as Hemialbumose.

Hemialbumose (n.) An albuminous substance formed in gastric digestion, and by the action of boiling dilute acids on albumin. It is readily convertible into hemipeptone. Called also hemialbumin.

Hemianaesthesia (n.) Anaesthesia upon one side of the body.

Hemicardia (n.) A lateral half of the heart, either the right or left.

Hemicarp (n.) One portion of a fruit that spontaneously divides into halves.

Hemicerebrum (n.) A lateral half of the cerebrum.

Hemicollin (n.) See Semiglutin.

Hemicrania (n.) A pain that affects only one side of the head.

Hemicrany (n.) Hemicranis.

Hemicycle (n.) A half circle; a semicircle.

Hemicycle (n.) A semicircular place, as a semicircular arena, or room, or part of a room.

Hemidactyl (n.) Any species of Old World geckoes of the genus Hemidactylus. The hemidactyls have dilated toes, with two rows of plates beneath.

Hemi-demi-semiquaver (n.) A short note, equal to one fourth of a semiquaver, or the sixty-fourth part of a whole note.

Hemiditone (n.) The lesser third.

Hemiglyph (n.) The half channel or groove in the edge of the triglyph in the Doric order.

Hemihedrism (n.) The property of crystallizing hemihedrally.

Hemihedron (n.) A solid hemihedrally derived. The tetrahedron is a hemihedron.

Hemin (n.) A substance, in the form of reddish brown, microscopic, prismatic crystals, formed from dried blood by the action of strong acetic acid and common salt; -- called also Teichmann's crystals. Chemically, it is a hydrochloride of hematin.

Hemina (n.) A measure of half a sextary.

Hemina (n.) A measure equal to about ten fluid ounces.

Hemionus (n.) A wild ass found in Thibet; the kiang.

Hemiopia (n.) Alt. of Hemiopsia

Hemiopsia (n.) A defect of vision in consequence of which a person sees but half of an object looked at.

Hemipeptone (n.) A product of the gastric and pancreatic digestion of albuminous matter.

Hemiplegia (n.) A palsy that affects one side only of the body.

Hemiplegy (n.) Hemiplegia.

Hemipode (n.) Any bird of the genus Turnix. Various species inhabit Asia, Africa, and Australia.

Hemiprotein (n.) An insoluble, proteid substance, described by Schutzenberger, formed when albumin is heated for some time with dilute sulphuric acid. It is apparently identical with antialbumid and dyspeptone.

Hemipter (n.) One of the Hemiptera.

Hemipteran (n.) One of the Hemiptera; an hemipter.

Hemisection (n.) A division along the mesial plane; also, one of the parts so divided.

Hemisphere (n.) A half sphere; one half of a sphere or globe, when divided by a plane passing through its center.

Hemisphere (n.) Half of the terrestrial globe, or a projection of the same in a map or picture.

Hemisphere (n.) The people who inhabit a hemisphere.

Hemispheroid (n.) A half of a spheroid.

Hemispherule (n.) A half spherule.

Hemistich (n.) Half a poetic verse or

Hemisystole (n.) Contraction of only one ventricle of the heart.

Hemitone (n.) See Semitone.

Hemitrope (n.) That which is hemitropal in construction; (Crystallog.) a twin crystal having a hemitropal structure.

Hemitropy (n.) Twin composition in crystals.

Hemlock (n.) The name of several poisonous umbelliferous herbs having finely cut leaves and small white flowers, as the Cicuta maculata, bulbifera, and virosa, and the Conium maculatum. See Conium.

Hemlock (n.) An evergreen tree common in North America (Abies, / Tsuga, Canadensis); hemlock spruce.

Hemlock (n.) The wood or timber of the hemlock tree.

Hemmel (n.) A shed or hovel for cattle.

Hemmer (n.) One who, or that which, hems with a needle.

Hemmer (n.) An attachment to a sewing machine, for turning under the edge of a piece of fabric, preparatory to stitching it down.

Hemmer (n.) A tool for turning over the edge of sheet metal to make a hem.

Hemoglobin (n.) The normal coloring matter of the red blood corpuscles of vertebrate animals. It is composed of hematin and globulin, and is also called haematoglobulin. In arterial blood, it is always combined with oxygen, and is then called oxyhemoglobin. It crystallizes under different forms from different animals, and when crystallized, is called haematocrystallin. See Blood crystal, under Blood.

Hemoglobinometer (n.) Same as Haemochromometer.

Hemophilia (n.) See Hematophilia.

Hemoptysis (n.) The expectoration of blood, due usually to hemorrhage from the mucous membrane of the lungs.

Hemorrhage (n.) Any discharge of blood from the blood vessels.

Hemostatic (n.) A medicine or application to arrest hemorrhage.

Hemoothorax (n.) An effusion of blood into the cavity of the pleura.

Hemp (n.) A plant of the genus Cannabis (C. sativa), the fibrous skin or bark of which is used for making cloth and cordage. The name is also applied to various other plants yielding fiber.

Hemp (n.) The fiber of the skin or rind of the plant, prepared for spinning. The name has also been extended to various fibers resembling the true hemp.

Hemuse (n.) The roebuck in its third year.

Hen (n.) The female of the domestic fowl; also, the female of grouse, pheasants, or any kind of birds; as, the heath hen; the gray hen.

Henbane (n.) A plant of the genus Hyoscyamus (H. niger). All parts of the plant are poisonous, and the leaves are used for the same purposes as belladonna. It is poisonous to domestic fowls; whence the name. Called also, stinking nightshade, from the fetid odor of the plant. See Hyoscyamus.

Henbit (n.) A weed of the genus Lamium (L. amplexicaule) with deeply crenate leaves.

Henchboy (n.) A page; a servant.

Henchman (n.) An attendant; a servant; a follower. Now chiefly used as a political cant term.

Hencoop (n.) A coop or cage for hens.

Hendecagon (n.) A plane figure of eleven sides and eleven angles.

Hendecane (n.) A hydrocarbon, C11H24, of the paraffin series; -- so called because it has eleven atoms of carbon in each molecule. Called also endecane, undecane.

Hendecasyllable (n.) A metrical

Hendiadys (n.) A figure in which the idea is expressed by two nouns connected by and, instead of by a noun and limiting adjective; as, we drink from cups and gold, for golden cups.

Henfish (n.) A marine fish; the sea bream.

Henfish (n.) A young bib. See Bib, n., 2.

Henhouse (n.) A house or shelter for fowls.

Henhussy (n.) A cotquean; a man who intermeddles with women's concerns.

Heniquen (n.) See Jeniquen.

Henna (n.) A thorny tree or shrub of the genus Lawsonia (L. alba). The fragrant white blossoms are used by the Buddhists in religious ceremonies. The powdered leaves furnish a red coloring matter used in the East to stain the hails and fingers, the manes of horses, etc.

Henna (n.) The leaves of the henna plant, or a preparation or dyestuff made from them.

Hennery (n.) An inclosed place for keeping hens.

Henoge ny (n.) Alt. of Henogenesis

Henogenesis (n.) Same as Ontogeny.

Henotheism (n.) Primitive religion in which each of several divinities is regarded as independent, and is worshiped without reference to the rest.

Henroost (n.) A place where hens roost.

Henry (n.) The unit of electric induction; the induction in a circuit when the electro-motive force induced in this circuit is one volt, while the inducing current varies at the rate of one ampere a second.

Hen's-foot (n.) An umbelliferous plant (Caucalis daucoides).

Henware (n.) A coarse, blackish seaweed. See Badderlocks.

Henxman (n.) Henchman.

Hep (n.) See Hip, the fruit of the dog-rose.

Hepar (n.) Liver of sulphur; a substance of a liver-brown color, sometimes used in medicine. It is formed by fusing sulphur with carbonates of the alkalies (esp. potassium), and consists essentially of alka

Hepar (n.) Any substance resembling hepar proper, in appearance; specifically, in homeopathy, calcium sulphide, called also hepar sulphuris calcareum (/).

Hepatica (n.) A genus of pretty spring flowers closely related to Anemone; squirrel cup.

Hepatica (n.) Any plant, usually procumbent and mosslike, of the cryptogamous class Hepaticae; -- called also scale moss and liverwort. See Hepaticae, in the Supplement.

Hepatite (n.) A variety of barite emitting a fetid odor when rubbed or heated.

Hepatitis (n.) Inflammation of the liver.

Hepatization (n.) Impregnating with sulphureted hydrogen gas.

Hepatization (n.) Conversion into a substance resembling the liver; a state of the lungs when gorged with effused matter, so that they are no longer pervious to the air.

Hepatocele (n.) Hernia of the liver.

Hepatology (n.) The science which treats of the liver; a treatise on the liver.

Hepato-pancreas (n.) A digestive gland in Crustacea, Mollusca, etc., usually called the liver, but different from the liver of vertebrates.

Hepatoscopy (n.) Divination by inspecting the liver of animals.

Hepper (n.) A young salmon; a parr.

Heptachord (n.) A system of seven sounds.

Heptachord (n.) A lyre with seven chords.

Heptachord (n.) A composition sung to the sound of seven chords or tones.

Heptad (n.) An atom which has a valence of seven, and which can be theoretically combined with, substituted for, or replaced by, seven monad atoms or radicals; as, iodine is a heptad in iodic acid. Also used as an adjective.

Heptade (n.) The sum or number of seven.

Heptaglot (n.) A book in seven languages.

Heptagon (n.) A plane figure consisting of seven sides and having seven angles.

Heptahedron (n.) A solid figure with seven sides.

Heptane (n.) Any one of several isometric hydrocarbons, C7H16, of the paraffin series (nine are possible, four are known); -- so called because the molecule has seven carbon atoms. Specifically, a colorless liquid, found as a constituent of petroleum, in the tar oil of cannel coal, etc.

Heptarch (n.) Same as Heptarchist.

Heptarchist (n.) A ruler of one division of a heptarchy.

Heptarchy (n.) A government by seven persons; also, a country under seven rulers.

Heptastich (n.) A composition consisting of seven

Heptateuch (n.) The first seven books of the Testament.

Heptene (n.) Same as Heptylene.

Heptine (n.) Any one of a series of unsaturated metameric hydrocarbons, C7H12, of the acetylene series.

Heptone (n.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C7H10, of the valylene series.

Heptyl (n.) A compound radical, C7H15, regarded as the essential radical of heptane and a related series of compounds.

Heptylene (n.) A colorless liquid hydrocarbon, C7H14, of the ethylene series; also, any one of its isomers. Called also heptene.

Heracleonite (n.) A follower of Heracleon of Alexandria, a Judaizing Gnostic, in the early history of the Christian church.


Herald (n.) An officer whose business was to denounce or proclaim war, to challenge to battle, to proclaim peace, and to bear messages from the commander of an army. He was invested with a sacred and inviolable character.

Herald (n.) In the Middle Ages, the officer charged with the above duties, and also with the care of genealogies, of the rights and privileges of noble families, and especially of armorial bearings. In modern times, some vestiges of this office remain, especially in England. See Heralds' College (below), and King-at-Arms.

Herald (n.) A proclaimer; one who, or that which, publishes or announces; as, the herald of another's fame.

Herald (n.) A forerunner; a a precursor; a harbinger.

Herald (n.) Any messenger.

Heraldry (n.) The art or office of a herald; the art, practice, or science of recording genealogies, and blazoning arms or ensigns armorial; also, of marshaling cavalcades, processions, and public ceremonies.

Heraldship (n.) The office of a herald.

Herapathite (n.) The sulphate of iodoquinine, a substance crystallizing in thin plates remarkable for their effects in polarizing light.

Heraud (n.) A herald.

Herb (n.) A plant whose stem does not become woody and permanent, but dies, at least down to the ground, after flowering.

Herb (n.) Grass; herbage.

Herbage (n.) Herbs collectively; green food beasts; grass; pasture.

Herbage (n.) The liberty or right of pasture in the forest or in the grounds of another man.

Herbal (n.) A book containing the names and descriptions of plants.

Herbal (n.) A collection of specimens of plants, dried and preserved; a hortus siccus; an herbarium.

Herbalism (n.) The knowledge of herbs.

Herbalist (n.) One skilled in the knowledge of plants; a collector of, or dealer in, herbs, especially medicinal herbs.

Herbar (n.) An herb.

Herbarian (n.) A herbalist.

Herbarist (n.) A herbalist.

Herbarium (n.) A collection of dried specimens of plants, systematically arranged.

Herbarium (n.) A book or case for preserving dried plants.

Herbary (n.) A garden of herbs; a cottage garden.

Herber (n.) A garden; a pleasure garden.

Herbergage (n.) Harborage; lodging; shelter; harbor.

Herbergeour (n.) A harbinger.

Herbergh (n.) Alt. of Herberwe

Herberwe (n.) A harbor.

Herbist (n.) A herbalist.

Herbivore (n.) One of the Herbivora.

Herblet (n.) A small herb.

Herborist (n.) A herbalist.

Herborization (n.) The act of herborizing.

Herborization (n.) The figure of plants in minerals or fossils.

Herborough (n.) A harbor.

Herb-woman (n.) A woman that sells herbs.

Hercules (n.) A hero, fabled to have been the son of Jupiter and Alcmena, and celebrated for great strength, esp. for the accomplishment of his twelve great tasks or "labors."

Hercules (n.) A constellation in the northern hemisphere, near Lyra.

Herd (n.) A number of beasts assembled together; as, a herd of horses, oxen, cattle, camels, elephants, deer, or swine; a particular stock or family of cattle.

Herd (n.) A crowd of low people; a rabble.

Herd (n.) One who herds or assembles domestic animals; a herdsman; -- much used in composition; as, a shepherd; a goatherd, and the like.

Herdbook (n.) A book containing the list and pedigrees of one or more herds of choice breeds of cattle; -- also called herd record, or herd register.

Herder (n.) A herdsman.

Herderite (n.) A rare fluophosphate of glucina, in small white crystals.

Herdess (n.) A shepherdess; a female herder.

Herdgroom (n.) A herdsman.

Herdic (n.) A kind of low-hung cab.

Herdman (n.) Alt. of Herdsman

Herdsman (n.) The owner or keeper of a herd or of herds; one employed in tending a herd of cattle.

Herdswoman (n.) A woman who tends a herd.

Here (n.) Hair.

Hereafter (n.) A future existence or state.

Hereditability (n.) State of being hereditable.

Hereditament (n.) Any species of property that may be inherited; lands, tenements, anything corporeal or incorporeal, real, personal, or mixed, that may descend to an heir.

Heredity (n.) Hereditary transmission of the physical and psychical qualities of parents to their offspring; the biological law by which living beings tend to repeat their characteristics in their descendants. See Pangenesis.

Hereford (n.) One of a breed of cattle originating in Herefordshire, England. The Herefords are good working animals, and their beef-producing quality is excellent.

Heremit (n.) Alt. of Heremite

Heremite (n.) A hermit.

Heresiarch (n.) A leader in heresy; the chief of a sect of heretics.

Heresiarchy (n.) A chief or great heresy.

Heresiographer (n.) One who writes on heresies.

Heresiography (n.) A treatise on heresy.

Heresy (n.) An opinion held in opposition to the established or commonly received doctrine, and tending to promote a division or party, as in politics, literature, philosophy, etc.; -- usually, but not necessarily, said in reproach.

Heresy (n.) Religious opinion opposed to the authorized doctrinal standards of any particular church, especially when tending to promote schism or separation; lack of orthodox or sound belief; rejection of, or erroneous belief in regard to, some fundamental religious doctrine or truth; heterodoxy.

Heresy (n.) An offense against Christianity, consisting in a denial of some essential doctrine, which denial is publicly avowed, and obstinately maintained.

Heretic (n.) One who holds to a heresy; one who believes some doctrine contrary to the established faith or prevailing religion.

Heretic (n.) One who having made a profession of Christian belief, deliberately and pertinaciously refuses to believe one or more of the articles of faith "determined by the authority of the universal church."

Heretification (n.) The act of hereticating or pronouncing heretical.

Heretoch (n.) Alt. of Heretog

Heretog (n.) The leader or commander of an army; also, a marshal.

Heriot (n.) Formerly, a payment or tribute of arms or military accouterments, or the best beast, or chattel, due to the lord on the death of a tenant; in modern use, a customary tribute of goods or chattels to the lord of the fee, paid on the decease of a tenant.

Herisson (n.) A beam or bar armed with iron spikes, and turning on a pivot; -- used to block up a passage.

Heritability (n.) The state of being heritable.

Heritance (n.) Heritage; inheritance.

Heritor (n.) A proprietor or landholder in a parish.

Herl (n.) Same as Harl, 2.

Herling (n.) Alt. of Hirling

Hirling (n.) The young of the sea trout.

Herma (n.) See Hermes, 2.

Hermaphrodeity (n.) Hermaphrodism.

Hermaphrodism (n.) See Hermaphroditism.

Hermaphrodite (n.) An individual which has the attributes of both male and female, or which unites in itself the two sexes; an animal or plant having the parts of generation of both sexes, as when a flower contains both the stamens and pistil within the same calyx, or on the same receptacle. In some cases reproduction may take place without the union of the distinct individuals. In the animal kingdom true hermaphrodites are found only among the invertebrates. See Illust. in Appendix, under >

Hermaphroditism (n.) The union of the two sexes in the same individual, or the combination of some of their characteristics or organs in one individual.

Hermeneutics (n.) The science of interpretation and explanation; exegesis; esp., that branch of theology which defines the laws whereby the meaning of the Scriptures is to be ascertained.

Hermes (n.) See Mercury.

Hermes (n.) Originally, a boundary stone dedicated to Hermes as the god of boundaries, and therefore bearing in some cases a head, or head and shoulders, placed upon a quadrangular pillar whose height is that of the body belonging to the head, sometimes having feet or other parts of the body sculptured upon it. These figures, though often representing Hermes, were used for other divinities, and even, in later times, for portraits of human beings. Called also herma. See Terminal statue, unde>

Hermit (n.) A person who retires from society and lives in solitude; a recluse; an anchoret; especially, one who so lives from religious motives.

Hermit (n.) A beadsman; one bound to pray for another.

Hermitage (n.) The habitation of a hermit; a secluded residence.

Hermitage (n.) A celebrated French wine, both white and red, of the Department of Drome.

Hermitary (n.) A cell annexed to an abbey, for the use of a hermit.

Hermitess (n.) A female hermit.

Hermodactyl (n.) A heart-shaped bulbous root, about the size of a finger, brought from Turkey, formerly used as a cathartic.

Hermogenian (n.) A disciple of Hermogenes, an heretical teacher who lived in Africa near the close of the second century. He held matter to be the fountain of all evil, and that souls and spirits are formed of corrupt matter.

Hern (n.) A heron; esp., the common European heron.

Hernani (n.) A thin silk or woolen goods, for women's dresses, woven in various styles and colors.

Herne (n.) A corner.

Hernia (n.) A protrusion, consisting of an organ or part which has escaped from its natural cavity, and projects through some natural or accidental opening in the walls of the latter; as, hernia of the brain, of the lung, or of the bowels. Hernia of the abdominal viscera in most common. Called also rupture.

Herniotomy (n.) A cutting for the cure or relief of hernia; celotomy.

Hernshaw (n.) Heronshaw.

Hero (n.) An illustrious man, supposed to be exalted, after death, to a place among the gods; a demigod, as Hercules.

Hero (n.) A man of distinguished valor or enterprise in danger, or fortitude in suffering; a prominent or central personage in any remarkable action or event; hence, a great or illustrious person.

Hero (n.) The principal personage in a poem, story, and the like, or the person who has the principal share in the transactions related; as Achilles in the Iliad, Ulysses in the Odyssey, and Aeneas in the Aeneid.

Herodian (n.) One of a party among the Jews, composed of partisans of Herod of Galilee. They joined with the Pharisees against Christ.

Heroess (n.) A heroine.

Heroicness (n.) Heroism.

Heroine (n.) A woman of an heroic spirit.

Heroine (n.) The principal female person who figures in a remarkable action, or as the subject of a poem or story.

Heroism (n.) The qualities characteristic of a hero, as courage, bravery, fortitude, unselfishness, etc.; the display of such qualities.

Heron (n.) Any wading bird of the genus Ardea and allied genera, of the family Ardeidae. The herons have a long, sharp bill, and long legs and toes, with the claw of the middle toe toothed. The common European heron (Ardea cinerea) is remarkable for its directly ascending flight, and was formerly hunted with the larger falcons.

Heroner (n.) A hawk used in hunting the heron.

Heronry (n.) A place where herons breed.

Heronsew (n.) A heronshaw.

Heronshaw (n.) A heron.

Heroologist (n.) One who treats of heroes.

Heroship (n.) The character or personality of a hero.

Herpes (n.) An eruption of the skin, taking various names, according to its form, or the part affected; especially, an eruption of vesicles in small distinct clusters, accompanied with itching or tingling, including shingles, ringworm, and the like; -- so called from its tendency to creep or spread from one part of the skin to another.

Herpetism (n.) See Dartrous diathesis, under Dartrous.

Herpetologist (n.) One versed in herpetology, or the natural history of reptiles.

Herpetology (n.) The natural history of reptiles; that branch of zoology which relates to reptiles, including their structure, classification, and habits.

Herpetotomist (n.) One who dissects, or studies the anatomy of, reptiles.

Herpetotomy (n.) The anatomy or dissection of reptiles.

Herr (n.) A title of respect given to gentlemen in Germany, equivalent to the English Mister.

Herring (n.) One of various species of fishes of the genus Clupea, and allied genera, esp. the common round or English herring (C. harengus) of the North Atlantic. Herrings move in vast schools, coming in spring to the shores of Europe and America, where they are salted and smoked in great quantities.

Herrnhuter (n.) One of the Moravians; -- so called from the settlement of Herrnhut (the Lord's watch) made, about 1722, by the Moravians at the invitation of Nicholas Lewis, count of Zinzendorf, upon his estate in the circle of Bautzen.

Hersal (n.) Rehearsal.

Herschel (n.) See Uranus.

Herse (n.) A kind of gate or portcullis, having iron bars, like a harrow, studded with iron spikes. It is hung above gateways so that it may be quickly lowered, to impede the advance of an enemy.

Herse (n.) See Hearse, a carriage for the dead.

Herse (n.) A funeral ceremonial.

Hersillon (n.) A beam with projecting spikes, used to make a breach impassable.

Hert (n.) A hart.

Herte (n.) A heart.

Hesitancy (n.) The act of hesitating, or pausing to consider; slowness in deciding; vacillation; also, the manner of one who hesitates.

Hesitancy (n.) A stammering; a faltering in speech.

Hesitation (n.) The act of hesitating; suspension of opinion or action; doubt; vacillation.

Hesitation (n.) A faltering in speech; stammering.

Hesp (n.) A measure of two hanks of

Hesper (n.) The evening; Hesperus.

Hesperetin (n.) A white, crystal

Hesperian (n.) A native or an inhabitant of a western country.

Hesperian (n.) Any one of the numerous species of Hesperidae; a skipper.

Hesperidene (n.) An isomeric variety of terpene from orange oil.

Hesperidin (n.) A glucoside found in ripe and unripe fruit (as the orange), and extracted as a white crystal

Hesperidium (n.) A large berry with a thick rind, as a lemon or an orange.

Hesperornis (n.) A genus of large, extinct, wingless birds from the Cretaceous deposits of Kansas, belonging to the Odontornithes. They had teeth, and were essentially carnivorous swimming ostriches. Several species are known. See Illust. in Append.

Hesperus (n.) Venus when she is the evening star; Hesper.

Hesperus (n.) Evening.

Hessian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Hesse.

Hessian (n.) A mercenary or venal person.

Hessian (n.) See Hessian boots and cloth, under Hessian, a.

Hessite (n.) A lead-gray sectile mineral. It is a telluride of silver.

Hest (n.) Command; precept; injunction.

Hesychast (n.) One of a mystical sect of the Greek Church in the fourteenth century; a quietist.

Hetairism (n.) Alt. of Hetarism

Hetarism (n.) A supposed primitive state of society, in which all the women of a tribe were held in common.

Heterarchy (n.) The government of an alien.

Heterauxesis (n.) Unequal growth of a cell, or of a part of a plant.

Heterocarpism (n.) The power of producing two kinds of reproductive bodies, as in Amphicarpaea, in which besides the usual pods, there are others underground.

Heterocercy (n.) Unequal development of the tail lobes of fishes; the possession of a heterocercal tail.

Heterochronism (n.) Alt. of Heterochrony

Heterochrony (n.) In evolution, a deviation from the typical sequence in the formation of organs or parts.

Heteroclite (n.) A word which is irregular or anomalous either in declension or conjugation, or which deviates from ordinary forms of inflection in words of a like kind; especially, a noun which is irregular in declension.

Heteroclite (n.) Any thing or person deviating from the common rule, or from common forms.

Heterocyst (n.) A cell larger than the others, and of different appearance, occurring in certain algae related to nostoc.

Heterodactyl (n.) One of the Heterodactylae.

Heterodont (n.) Any animal with heterodont dentition.

Heterodox (n.) An opinion opposed to some accepted standard.

Heterodoxy (n.) An opinion or doctrine, or a system of doctrines, contrary to some established standard of faith, as the Scriptures, the creed or standards of a church, etc.; heresy.

Heterogamy (n.) The process of fertilization in plants by an indirect or circuitous method; -- opposed to orthogamy.

Heterogamy (n.) That form of alternate generation in which two kinds of sexual generation, or a sexual and a parthenogenetic generation, alternate; -- in distinction from metagenesis, where sexual and asexual generations alternate.

Heterogeneity (n.) The state of being heterogeneous; contrariety.

Heterogenesis (n.) Spontaneous generation, so called.

Heterogenesis (n.) That method of reproduction in which the successive generations differ from each other, the parent organism producing offspring different in habit and structure from itself, the original form, however, reappearing after one or more generations; -- opposed to homogenesis, or gamogenesis.

Heterogenist (n.) One who believes in the theory of spontaneous generation, or heterogenesis.

Heterogeny (n.) Heterogenesis.

Heterogony (n.) The condition of having two or more kinds of flowers, different as to the length of their stamens and pistils.

Heterography (n.) That method of spelling in which the same letters represent different sounds in different words, as in the ordinary English orthography; e. g., g in get and in ginger.

Heterology (n.) The absence of correspondence, or relation, in type of structure; lack of analogy between parts, owing to their being composed of different elements, or of like elements in different proportions; variation in structure from the normal form; -- opposed to homology.

Heterology (n.) The connection or relation of bodies which have partial identity of composition, but different characteristics and properties; the relation existing between derivatives of the same substance, or of the analogous members of different series; as, ethane, ethyl alcohol, acetic aldehyde, and acetic acid are in heterology with each other, though each in at the same time a member of a distinct homologous series. Cf. Homology.

Heteromorphism (n.) Alt. of Heteromorphy

Heteromorphy (n.) The state or quality of being heteromorphic.

Heteronereis (n.) A free-swimming, dimorphic, sexual form of certain species of Nereis.

Heteronomy (n.) Subordination or subjection to the law of another; political subjection of a community or state; -- opposed to autonomy.

Heteronomy (n.) A term applied by Kant to those laws which are imposed on us from without, or the violence done to us by our passions, wants, or desires.

Heteronym (n.) That which is heteronymous; a thing having a different name or designation from some other thing; -- opposed to homonym.

Heteroousian (n.) One of those Arians who held that the Son was of a different substance from the Father.

Heteropathy (n.) That mode of treating diseases, by which a morbid condition is removed by inducing an opposite morbid condition to supplant it; allopathy.

Heterophemist (n.) One liable to the fault of heterophemy.

Heterophemy (n.) The unconscious saying, in speech or in writing, of that which one does not intend to say; -- frequently the very reverse of the thought which is present to consciousness.

Heterophony (n.) An abnormal state of the voice.

Heteroplasm (n.) An abnormal formation foreign to the economy, and composed of elements different from those are found in it in its normal condition.

Heteropod (n.) One of the Heteropoda.

Heteropter (n.) One of the Heteroptera.

Heteroptics (n.) False optics.

Heteroscian (n.) One who lives either north or south of the tropics, as contrasted with one who lives on the other side of them; -- so called because at noon the shadows always fall in opposite directions (the one northward, the other southward).

Heterosis (n.) A figure of speech by which one form of a noun, verb, or pronoun, and the like, is used for another, as in the sentence: "What is life to such as me?"

Heterostylism (n.) The condition of being heterostyled.

Heterotaxy (n.) Variation in arrangement from that existing in a normal form; heterogenous arrangement or structure, as, in botany, the deviation in position of the organs of a plant, from the ordinary or typical arrangement.

Heterotopism (n.) Alt. of Heterotopy

Heterotopy (n.) A deviation from the natural position; -- a term applied in the case of organs or growths which are abnormal in situation.

Heterotopy (n.) A deviation from the natural position of parts, supposed to be effected in thousands of years, by the gradual displacement of germ cells.

Hething (n.) Contempt; scorn.

Hetman (n.) A Cossack headman or general. The title of chief hetman is now held by the heir to the throne of Russia.

Heugh (n.) A crag; a cliff; a glen with overhanging sides.

Heugh (n.) A shaft in a coal pit; a hollow in a quarry.

Heuk (n.) Variant of Huke.

Heulandite (n.) A mineral of the Zeolite family, often occurring in amygdaloid, in foliated masses, and also in monoclinic crystals with pearly luster on the cleavage face. It is a hydrous silicate of alumina and lime.

Heved (n.) The head.

Hew (n.) Destruction by cutting down.

Hew (n.) Hue; color.

Hew (n.) Shape; form.

Hewe (n.) A domestic servant; a retainer.

Hewer (n.) One who hews.

Hewhole (n.) The European green woodpecker. See Yaffle.

Hexachord (n.) A series of six notes, with a semitone between the third and fourth, the other intervals being whole tones.

Hexad (n.) An atom whose valence is six, and which can be theoretically combined with, substituted for, or replaced by, six monad atoms or radicals; as, sulphur is a hexad in sulphuric acid. Also used as an adjective.

Hexade (n.) A series of six numbers.

Hexadecane (n.) See Hecdecane.

Hexagon (n.) A plane figure of six angles.

Hexagony (n.) A hexagon.

Hexahedron (n.) A solid body of six sides or faces.

Hexahemeron (n.) A term of six days.

Hexahemeron (n.) The history of the six day's work of creation, as contained in the first chapter of Genesis.

Hexameter (n.) A verse of six feet, the first four of which may be either dactyls or spondees, the fifth must regularly be a dactyl, and the sixth always a spondee. In this species of verse are composed the Iliad of Homer and the Aeneid of Virgil. In English hexameters accent takes the place of quantity.

Hexametrist (n.) One who writes in hexameters.

Hexane (n.) Any one of five hydrocarbons, C6H14, of the paraffin series. They are colorless, volatile liquids, and are so called because the molecule has six carbon atoms.

Hexapod (n.) An animal having six feet; one of the Hexapoda.

Hexastich (n.) Alt. of Hexastichon

Hexastichon (n.) A poem consisting of six verses or

Hexastyle (n.) A hexastyle portico or temple.

Hexateuch (n.) The first six books of the Old Testament.

Hexdecyl (n.) The essential radical, C16H33, of hecdecane.

Hexeikosane (n.) A hydrocarbon, C26H54, resembling paraffine; -- so called because each molecule has twenty-six atoms of carbon.

Hexene (n.) Same as Hexylene.

Hexicology (n.) The science which treats of the complex relations of living creatures to other organisms, and to their surrounding conditions generally.

Hexine (n.) A hydrocarbon, C6H10, of the acetylene series, obtained artificially as a colorless, volatile, pungent liquid; -- called also hexoylene.

Hexoctahedron (n.) A solid having forty-eight equal triangular faces.

Hexone (n.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C6H8, of the valylene series, obtained from distillation products of certain fats and gums.

Hexyl (n.) A compound radical, C6H13, regarded as the essential residue of hexane, and a related series of compounds.

Hexylene (n.) A colorless, liquid hydrocarbon, C6H12, of the ethylene series, produced artificially, and found as a natural product of distillation of certain coals; also, any one several isomers of hexylene proper. Called also hexene.

Heyday (n.) The time of triumph and exultation; hence, joy, high spirits, frolicsomeness; wildness.

Heydeguy (n.) A kind of country-dance or round.

Heyne (n.) A wretch; a rascal.

Hiation (n.) Act of gaping.

Hiatus (n.) An opening; an aperture; a gap; a chasm; esp., a defect in a manuscript, where some part is lost or effaced; a space where something is wanting; a break.

Hiatus (n.) The concurrence of two vowels in two successive words or syllables.

Hibernacle (n.) That which serves for protection or shelter in winter; winter quarters; as, the hibernacle of an animal or a plant.

Hibernaculum (n.) A winter bud, in which the rudimentary foliage or flower, as of most trees and shrubs in the temperate zone, is protected by closely overlapping scales.

Hibernaculum (n.) A little case in which certain insects pass the winter.

Hibernaculum (n.) Winter home or abiding place.

Hibernation (n.) The act or state of hibernating.

Hibernian (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Ireland.

Hibernicism (n.) Alt. of Hibernianism

Hibernianism (n.) An idiom or mode of speech peculiar to the Irish.

Hiberno-Celtic (n.) The native language of the Irish; that branch of the Celtic languages spoken by the natives of Ireland. Also adj.

Hibiscus (n.) A genus of plants (herbs, shrubs, or trees), some species of which have large, showy flowers. Some species are cultivated in India for their fiber, which is used as a substitute for hemp. See Althea, Hollyhock, and Manoe.

Hiccough (n.) A modified respiratory movement; a spasmodic inspiration, consisting of a sudden contraction of the diaphragm, accompanied with closure of the glottis, so that further entrance of air is prevented, while the impulse of the column of air entering and striking upon the closed glottis produces a sound, or hiccough.

Hickory (n.) An American tree of the genus Carya, of which there are several species. The shagbark is the C. alba, and has a very rough bark; it affords the hickory nut of the markets. The pignut, or brown hickory, is the C. glabra. The swamp hickory is C. amara, having a nut whose shell is very thin and the kernel bitter.

Hicksite (n.) A member or follower of the "liberal" party, headed by Elias Hicks, which, because of a change of views respecting the divinity of Christ and the Atonement, seceded from the conservative portion of the Society of Friends in the United States, in 1827.

Hickwall (n.) Alt. of Hickway

Hickway (n.) The lesser spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopus minor) of Europe.

Hidage (n.) A tax formerly paid to the kings of England for every hide of land.

Hidalgo (n.) A title, denoting a Spanish nobleman of the lower class.

Hiddenite (n.) An emerald-green variety of spodumene found in North Carolina; lithia emerald, -- used as a gem.

Hide (n.) An abode or dwelling.

Hide (n.) A measure of land, common in Domesday Book and old English charters, the quantity of which is not well ascertained, but has been differently estimated at 80, 100, and 120 acres.

Hide (n.) The skin of an animal, either raw or dressed; -- generally applied to the undressed skins of the larger domestic animals, as oxen, horses, etc.

Hide (n.) The human skin; -- so called in contempt.

Hider (n.) One who hides or conceals.

Hiding (n.) The act of hiding or concealing, or of withholding from view or knowledge; concealment.

Hiding (n.) A flogging.

Hie (n.) Haste; diligence.

Hiems (n.) Winter.

Hierapicra (n.) A warming cathartic medicine, made of aloes and canella bark.

Hierarch (n.) One who has high and controlling authority in sacred things; the chief of a sacred order; as, princely hierarchs.

Hierarchism (n.) The principles or authority of a hierarchy.

Hierarchy (n.) Dominion or authority in sacred things.

Hierarchy (n.) A body of officials disposed organically in ranks and orders each subordinate to the one above it; a body of ecclesiastical rulers.

Hierarchy (n.) A form of government administered in the church by patriarchs, metropolitans, archbishops, bishops, and, in an inferior degree, by priests.

Hierarchy (n.) A rank or order of holy beings.

Hierocracy (n.) Government by ecclesiastics; a hierarchy.

Hieroglyphist (n.) One versed in hieroglyphics.

Hierogram (n.) A form of sacred or hieratic writing.

Hierogrammatist (n.) A writer of hierograms; also, one skilled in hieroglyphics.

Hierography (n.) Sacred writing.

Hierolatry (n.) The worship of saints or sacred things.

Hierologist (n.) One versed in, or whostudies, hierology.

Hierology (n.) A treatise on sacred things; especially, the science which treats of the ancient writings and inscriptions of the Egyptians, or a treatise on that science.

Hieromancy (n.) Divination by observing the objects offered in sacrifice.

Hiermartyr (n.) A priest who becomes a martyr.

Hieromnemon (n.) The sacred secretary or recorder sent by each state belonging to the Amphictyonic Council, along with the deputy or minister.

Hieromnemon (n.) A magistrate who had charge of religious matters, as at Byzantium.

Hieron (n.) A consecrated place; esp., a temple.

Hieronymite (n.) See Jeronymite.

Hierophant (n.) The presiding priest who initiated candidates at the Eleusinian mysteries; hence, one who teaches the mysteries and duties of religion.

Hieroscopy (n.) Divination by inspection of entrails of victims offered in sacrifice.

Hierotheca (n.) A receptacle for sacred objects.

Hierourgy (n.) A sacred or holy work or worship.

Hifalutin (n.) See Highfaluting.

Higgler (n.) One who higgles.

High (n.) An elevated place; a superior region; a height; the sky; heaven.

High (n.) People of rank or high station; as, high and low.

High (n.) The highest card dealt or drawn.

Highbinder (n.) A ruffian; one who hounds, or spies upon, another; app. esp. to the members of certain alleged societies among the Chinese.

High-churchism (n.) The principles of the high-church party.

High-churchman (n.) One who holds high-church principles.

High-churchman-ship (n.) The state of being a high-churchman.

Highfaluting (n.) High-flown, bombastic language.

Highflier (n.) One who is extravagant in pretensions, opinions, or manners.

High-go (n.) A spree; a revel.

High-hoe (n.) The European green woodpecker or yaffle.

High-holder (n.) The flicker; -- called also high-hole.

Highland (n.) Elevated or mountainous land; (often in the pl.) an elevated region or country; as, the Highlands of Scotland.

Highlander (n.) An inhabitant of highlands, especially of the Highlands of Scotland.

Highlandry (n.) Highlanders, collectively.

High-low (n.) A laced boot, ankle high.

High-mindedness (n.) The quality of being highminded; nobleness; magnanimity.

Highness (n.) The state of being high; elevation; loftiness.

Highness (n.) A title of honor given to kings, princes, or other persons of rank; as, His Royal Highness.

High-priesthood (n.) The office, dignity, or position of a high priest.

High-priestship (n.) High-priesthood.

Highroad (n.) A highway; a much traveled or main road.

High-stepper (n.) A horse that moves with a high step or proud gait; hence, a person having a proud bearing.

Hight (n.) A variant of Height.

Hightener (n.) That which heightens.

Highth (n.) Variant of Height.

High-top (n.) A ship's masthead.

Highway (n.) A road or way open to the use of the public; a main road or thoroughfare.

Highwayman (n.) One who robs on the public road; a highway robber.

Higre (n.) See Eagre.

Hig-taper (n.) A plant of the genus Verbascum (V. Thapsus); the common mullein. [Also high-taper and hag-taper.]

Hijera (n.) Alt. of Hijra

Hijra (n.) See Hegira.

Hilarity (n.) Boisterous mirth; merriment; jollity.

Hilding (n.) A base, menial wretch.

Hile (n.) Same as Hilum.

Hill (n.) A natural elevation of land, or a mass of earth rising above the common level of the surrounding land; an eminence less than a mountain.

Hill (n.) The earth raised about the roots of a plant or cluster of plants. [U. S.] See Hill, v. t.


Hilling (n.) The act or process of heaping or drawing earth around plants.

Hillock (n.) A small hill.

Hillside (n.) The side or declivity of a hill.

Hilltop (n.) The top of a hill.

Hilt (n.) A handle; especially, the handle of a sword, dagger, or the like.

Hilum (n.) The eye of a bean or other seed; the mark or scar at the point of attachment of an ovule or seed to its base or support; -- called also hile.

Hilum (n.) The part of a gland, or similar organ, where the blood vessels and nerves enter; the hilus; as, the hilum of the kidney.

Hilus (n.) Same as Hilum, 2.

Himpne (n.) A hymn.

Hin (n.) A Hebrew measure of liquids, containing three quarts, one pint, one gill, English measure.

Hind (n.) The female of the red deer, of which the male is the stag.

Hind (n.) A spotted food fish of the genus Epinephelus, as E. apua of Bermuda, and E. Drummond-hayi of Florida; -- called also coney, John Paw, spotted hind.

Hind (n.) A domestic; a servant.

Hind (n.) A peasant; a rustic; a farm servant.

Hindberry (n.) The raspberry.

Hindbrain (n.) The posterior of the three principal divisions of the brain, including the epencephalon and metencephalon. Sometimes restricted to the epencephalon only.

Hinderance (n.) Same as Hindrance.

Hinderer (n.) One who, or that which, hinders.

Hindgut (n.) The posterior part of the alimentary canal, including the rectum, and sometimes the large intestine also.

Hindi (n.) The name given by Europeans to that form of the Hindustani language which is chiefly spoken by native Hindoos. In employs the Devanagari character, in which Sanskrit is written.

Hindoo (n.) Alt. of Hindu

Hindu (n.) A native inhabitant of Hindostan. As an ethnical term it is confined to the Dravidian and Aryan races; as a religious name it is restricted to followers of the Veda.

Hindooism (n.) Alt. of Hinduism

Hinduism (n.) The religious doctrines and rites of the Hindoos; Brahmanism.

Hindustani (n.) The language of Hindostan; the name given by Europeans to the most generally spoken of the modern Aryan languages of India. It is Hindi with the addition of Persian and Arabic words.

Hindu (n.) Same as Hindoo.

Hine (n.) A servant; a farm laborer; a peasant; a hind.

Hinge (n.) The hook with its eye, or the joint, on which a door, gate, lid, etc., turns or swings; a flexible piece, as a strip of leather, which serves as a joint to turn on.

Hinge (n.) That on which anything turns or depends; a governing principle; a cardinal point or rule; as, this argument was the hinge on which the question turned.

Hinge (n.) One of the four cardinal points, east, west, north, or south.

Hink (n.) A reaping hook.

Hinny (n.) A hybrid between a stallion and an ass.

Hinny (n.) A term of endearment; darling; -- corrupted from honey.

Hint (n.) A remote allusion; slight mention; intimation; insinuation; a suggestion or reminder, without a full declaration or explanation; also, an occasion or motive.

Hip (n.) The projecting region of the lateral parts of one side of the pelvis and the hip joint; the haunch; the huckle.

Hip (n.) The external angle formed by the meeting of two sloping sides or skirts of a roof, which have their wall plates running in different directions.

Hip (n.) In a bridge truss, the place where an inc

Hip (n.) The fruit of a rosebush, especially of the English dog-rose (Rosa canina).

Hip (n.) Alt. of Hipps

Hipps (n.) See Hyp, n.

Hippa (n.) Alt. of Hippe

Hippe (n.) A genus of marine decapod crustaceans, which burrow rapidly in the sand by pushing themselves backward; -- called also bait bug. See Illust. under Anomura.

Hipparion (n.) An extinct genus of Tertiary mammals allied to the horse, but three-toed, having on each foot a small lateral hoof on each side of the main central one. It is believed to be one of the ancestral genera of the Horse family.

Hippobosca (n.) A genus of dipterous insects including the horsefly or horse tick.

Hippocamp (n.) See Hippocampus.

Hippocampus (n.) A fabulous monster, with the head and fore quarters of a horse joined to the tail of a dolphin or other fish (Hippocampus brevirostris), -- seen in Pompeian paintings, attached to the chariot of Neptune.

Hippocampus (n.) A genus of lophobranch fishes of several species in which the head and neck have some resemblance to those of a horse; -- called also sea horse.

Hippocampus (n.) A name applied to either of two ridges of white matter in each lateral ventricle of the brain. The larger is called hippocampus major or simply hippocampus. The smaller, hippocampus minor, is called also ergot and calcar.

Hippocentaur (n.) Same as Centaur.

Hippocras (n.) A cordial made of spiced wine, etc.

Hippocrates (n.) A famous Greek physician and medical writer, born in Cos, about 460 B. C.

Hippocratism (n.) The medical philosophy or system of Hippocrates.

Hippocrene (n.) A fountain on Mount Helicon in Boeotia, fabled to have burst forth when the ground was struck by the hoof of Pegasus. Also, its waters, which were supposed to impart poetic inspiration.

Hippocrepian (n.) One of an order of fresh-water Bryozoa, in which the tentacles are on a lophophore, shaped like a horseshoe. See Phylactolaema.

Hippodame (n.) A fabulous sea monster.

Hippodrome (n.) A place set apart for equestrian and chariot races.

Hippodrome (n.) An arena for equestrian performances; a circus.

Hippogriff (n.) A fabulous winged animal, half horse and half griffin.

Hippolith (n.) A concretion, or kind of bezoar, from the intestines of the horse.

Hippopathology (n.) The science of veterinary medicine; the pathology of the horse.

Hippophagism (n.) Hippophagy.

Hippophagist (n.) One who eats horseflesh.

Hippophagy (n.) The act or practice of feeding on horseflesh.

Hippophile (n.) One who loves horses.

Hippopotamus (n.) A large, amphibious, herbivorous mammal (Hippopotamus amphibius), common in the rivers of Africa. It is allied to the hogs, and has a very thick, naked skin, a thick and square head, a very large muzzle, small eyes and ears, thick and heavy body, and short legs. It is supposed to be the behemoth of the Bible. Called also zeekoe, and river horse. A smaller species (H. Liberiencis) inhabits Western Africa.

Hippotomy (n.) Anatomy of the horse.

Hippurite (n.) A fossil bivalve mollusk of the genus Hippurites, of many species, having a conical, cup-shaped under valve, with a flattish upper valve or lid. Hippurites are found only in the Cretaceous rocks.

Hircin (n.) Hircic acid. See Hircic.

Hire (n.) The price, reward, or compensation paid, or contracted to be paid, for the temporary use of a thing or a place, for personal service, or for labor; wages; rent; pay.

Hire (n.) A bailment by which the use of a thing, or the services and labor of a person, are contracted for at a certain price or reward.

Hire (n.) To procure (any chattel or estate) from another person, for temporary use, for a compensation or equivalent; to purchase the use or enjoyment of for a limited time; as, to hire a farm for a year; to hire money.

Hire (n.) To engage or purchase the service, labor, or interest of (any one) for a specific purpose, by payment of wages; as, to hire a servant, an agent, or an advocate.

Hire (n.) To grant the temporary use of, for compensation; to engage to give the service of, for a price; to let; to lease; -- now usually with out, and often reflexively; as, he has hired out his horse, or his time.

Hireling (n.) One who is hired, or who serves for wages; esp., one whose motive and interest in serving another are wholly gainful; a mercenary.

Hirer (n.) One who hires.

Hirsuteness (n.) Hairiness.

Hirudo (n.) A genus of leeches, including the common medicinal leech. See Leech.

Hirundo (n.) A genus of birds including the swallows and martins.

Hisingerite (n.) A soft black, iron ore, nearly earthy, a hydrous silicate of iron.

Hispanicism (n.) A Spanish idiom or mode of speech.

Hiss (n.) A prolonged sound like that letter s, made by forcing out the breath between the tongue and teeth, esp. as a token of disapprobation or contempt.

Hiss (n.) Any sound resembling that above described

Hiss (n.) The noise made by a serpent.

Hiss (n.) The note of a goose when irritated.

Hiss (n.) The noise made by steam escaping through a narrow orifice, or by water falling on a hot stove.

Hissing (n.) The act of emitting a hiss or hisses.

Hissing (n.) The occasion of contempt; the object of scorn and derision.

Histiology (n.) Same as Histology.

Histogenesis (n.) The formation and development of organic tissues; histogeny; -- the opposite of histolysis.

Histogenesis (n.) Germ history of cells, and of the tissues composed of cells.

Histogeny (n.) Same as Histogenesis.

Histographer (n.) One who describes organic tissues; an histologist.

Histography (n.) A description of, or treatise on, organic tissues.

Histohaematin (n.) One of a class of respiratory pigments, widely distributed in the animal kingdom, capable of ready oxidation and reduction.

Histologist (n.) One versed in histology.

Histology (n.) That branch of biological science, which treats of the minute (microscopic) structure of animal and vegetable tissues; -- called also histiology.

Histolysis (n.) The decay and dissolution of the organic tissues and of the blood.

Histonomy (n.) The science which treats of the laws relating to organic tissues, their formation, development, functions, etc.

Histophyly (n.) The tribal history of cells, a division of morphophyly.

Historian (n.) A writer of history; a chronicler; an annalist.

Historian (n.) One versed or well informed in history.

Historier (n.) An historian.

Historiette (n.) Historical narration on a small scale; a brief recital; a story.

Historiographer (n.) An historian; a writer of history; especially, one appointed or designated to write a history; also, a title bestowed by some governments upon historians of distinction.

Historiographership (n.) The office of an historiographer.

Historiography (n.) The art of employment of an historiographer.

Historiology (n.) A discourse on history.

Historionomer (n.) One versed in the phenomena of history and the laws controlling them.

History (n.) A learning or knowing by inquiry; the knowledge of facts and events, so obtained; hence, a formal statement of such information; a narrative; a description; a written record; as, the history of a patient's case; the history of a legislative bill.

History (n.) A systematic, written account of events, particularly of those affecting a nation, institution, science, or art, and usually connected with a philosophical explanation of their causes; a true story, as distinguished from a romance; -- distinguished also from annals, which relate simply the facts and events of each year, in strict chronological order; from biography, which is the record of an individual's life; and from memoir, which is history composed from personal experience,>

Histotomy (n.) The dissection of organic tissues.

Histozyme (n.) A soluble ferment occurring in the animal body, to the presence of which many normal decompositions and synthetical processes are supposed to be due.

Histrion (n.) A player.

Histrionicism (n.) The histronic art; stageplaying.

Histrionism (n.) Theatrical representation; acting; affectation.

Hit (n.) A striking against; the collision of one body against another; the stroke that touches anything.

Hit (n.) A stroke of success in an enterprise, as by a fortunate chance; as, he made a hit.

Hit (n.) A peculiarly apt expression or turn of thought; a phrase which hits the mark; as, a happy hit.

Hit (n.) A game won at backgammon after the adversary has removed some of his men. It counts less than a gammon.

Hit (n.) A striking of the ball; as, a safe hit; a foul hit; -- sometimes used specifically for a base hit.

Hitch (n.) A catch; anything that holds, as a hook; an impediment; an obstacle; an entanglement.

Hitch (n.) The act of catching, as on a hook, etc.

Hitch (n.) A stop or sudden halt; a stoppage; an impediment; a temporary obstruction; an obstacle; as, a hitch in one's progress or utterance; a hitch in the performance.

Hitch (n.) A sudden movement or pull; a pull up; as, the sailor gave his trousers a hitch.

Hitch (n.) A knot or noose in a rope which can be readily undone; -- intended for a temporary fastening; as, a half hitch; a clove hitch; a timber hitch, etc.

Hitch (n.) A small dislocation of a bed or vein.

Hithe (n.) A port or small haven; -- used in composition; as, Lambhithe, now Lambeth.

Hitter (n.) One who hits or strikes; as, a hard hitter.

Hive (n.) A box, basket, or other structure, for the reception and habitation of a swarm of honeybees.

Hive (n.) The bees of one hive; a swarm of bees.

Hive (n.) A place swarming with busy occupants; a crowd.

Hiver (n.) One who collects bees into a hive.

Hives (n.) The croup.

Hives (n.) An eruptive disease (Varicella globularis), allied to the chicken pox.

Hoar (n.) Hoariness; antiquity.

Hoard (n.) See Hoarding, 2.

Hoard (n.) A store, stock, or quantity of anything accumulated or laid up; a hidden supply; a treasure; as, a hoard of provisions; a hoard of money.

Hoarder (n.) One who hoards.

Hoarding (n.) A screen of boards inclosing a house and materials while builders are at work.

Hoarding (n.) A fence, barrier, or cover, inclosing, surrounding, or concealing something.

Hoarfrost (n.) The white particles formed by the congelation of dew; white frost.

Hoarhound (n.) Same as Horehound.

Hoariness (n.) The state of being hoary.

Hoarseness (n.) Harshness or roughness of voice or sound, due to mucus collected on the vocal cords, or to swelling or looseness of the cords.

Hoarstone (n.) A stone designating the /ounds of an estate; a landmark.

Hoatzin (n.) Same as Hoazin.

Hoax (n.) A deception for mockery or mischief; a deceptive trick or story; a practical joke.

Hoaxer (n.) One who hoaxes.

Hoazin (n.) A remarkable South American bird (Opisthocomus cristatus); the crested touraco. By some zoologists it is made the type of a distinct order (Opisthocomi).

Hob (n.) The hub of a wheel. See Hub.

Hob (n.) The flat projection or iron shelf at the side of a fire grate, where things are put to be kept warm.

Hob (n.) A threaded and fluted hardened steel cutter, resembling a tap, used in a lathe for forming the teeth of screw chasers, worm wheels, etc.

Hob (n.) A fairy; a sprite; an elf.

Hob (n.) A countryman; a rustic; a clown.

Hobbism (n.) The philosophical system of Thomas Hobbes, an English materialist (1588-1679); esp., his political theory that the most perfect form of civil government is an absolute monarchy with despotic control over everything relating to law, morals, and religion.

Hobbist (n.) One who accepts the doctrines of Thomas Hobbes.

Hobble (n.) An unequal gait; a limp; a halt; as, he has a hobble in his gait.

Hobble (n.) Same as Hopple.

Hobble (n.) Difficulty; perplexity; embarrassment.

Hobblebush (n.) A low bush (Viburnum lantanoides) having long, straggling branches and handsome flowers. It is found in the Northern United States. Called also shinhopple.

Hobbledehoy (n.) Alt. of Hobbletehoy

Hobbletehoy (n.) A youth between boy and man; an awkward, gawky young fellow .

Hobbler (n.) One who hobbles.

Hobbler (n.) One who by his tenure was to maintain a horse for military service; a kind of light horseman in the Middle Ages who was mounted on a hobby.

Hobby (n.) A small, strong-winged European falcon (Falco subbuteo), formerly trained for hawking.

Hobby (n.) Alt. of Hobbyhorse

Hobbyhorse (n.) A strong, active horse, of a middle size, said to have been originally from Ireland; an ambling nag.

Hobbyhorse (n.) A stick, often with the head or figure of a horse, on which boys make believe to ride.

Hobbyhorse (n.) A subject or plan upon which one is constantly setting off; a favorite and ever-recurring theme of discourse, thought, or effort; that which occupies one's attention unduly, or to the weariness of others; a ruling passion.

Hobbyhorsical (n.) Pertaining to, or having, a hobby or whim; eccentric; whimsical.

Hobgoblin (n.) A frightful goblin; an imp; a bugaboo; also, a name formerly given to the household spirit, Robin Goodfellow.

Hobiler (n.) A light horseman. See 2d Hobbler.

Hobit (n.) A small mortar on a gun carriage, in use before the howitzer.

Hobnail (n.) A short, sharp-pointed, large-headed nail, -- used in shoeing houses and for studding the soles of heavy shoes.

Hobnail (n.) A clownish person; a rustic.

Hobnob (n.) Familiar, social intercourse.

Hoboy (n.) A hautboy or oboe.

Hocco (n.) The crested curassow; -- called also royal pheasant. See Curassow.

Hochepot (n.) Hotchpot.

Hock (n.) A Rhenish wine, of a light yellow color, either sparkling or still. The name is also given indiscriminately to all Rhenish wines.

Hock (n.) Alt. of Hough

Hough (n.) The joint in the hind limb of quadrupeds between the leg and shank, or tibia and tarsus, and corresponding to the ankle in man.

Hough (n.) A piece cut by butchers, esp. in pork, from either the front or hind leg, just above the foot.

Hough (n.) The popliteal space; the ham.

Hockamore (n.) A Rhenish wine. [Obs.] See Hock.

Hockday (n.) A holiday commemorating the expulsion of the Danes, formerly observed on the second Tuesday after Easter; -- called also hocktide.

Hockey (n.) A game in which two parties of players, armed with sticks curved or hooked at the end, attempt to drive any small object (as a ball or a bit of wood) toward opposite goals.

Hockey (n.) The stick used by the players.

Hockherb (n.) The mallow.

Hocus (n.) One who cheats or deceives.

Hocus (n.) Drugged liquor.

Hocuspocus (n.) A term used by jugglers in pretended incantations.

Hocuspocus (n.) A juggler or trickster.

Hocuspocus (n.) A juggler's trick; a cheat; nonsense.

Hod (n.) A kind of wooden tray with a handle, borne on the shoulder, for carrying mortar, brick, etc.

Hod (n.) A utensil for holding coal; a coal scuttle.

Hoddy (n.) See Dun crow, under Dun, a.

Hoddydoddy (n.) An awkward or foolish person.

Hodgepodge (n.) A mixed mass; a medley. See Hotchpot.

Hodman (n.) A man who carries a hod; a mason's tender.

Hodmandod (n.) See Dodman.

Hodograph (n.) A curve described by the moving extremity of a

Hodometer (n.) See Odometer.

Hoe (n.) A tool chiefly for digging up weeds, and arranging the earth about plants in fields and gardens. It is made of a flat blade of iron or steel having an eye or tang by which it is attached to a wooden handle at an acute angle.

Hoe (n.) The horned or piked dogfish. See Dogfish.

Hoecake (n.) A cake of Indian meal, water, and salt, baked before the fire or in the ashes; -- so called because often cooked on a hoe.

Hoemother (n.) The basking or liver shark; -- called also homer. See Liver shark, under Liver.

Hog (n.) A quadruped of the genus Sus, and allied genera of Suidae; esp., the domesticated varieties of S. scrofa, kept for their fat and meat, called, respectively, lard and pork; swine; porker; specifically, a castrated boar; a barrow.

Hog (n.) A mean, filthy, or gluttonous fellow.

Hog (n.) A young sheep that has not been shorn.

Hog (n.) A rough, flat scrubbing broom for scrubbing a ship's bottom under water.

Hog (n.) A device for mixing and stirring the pulp of which paper is made.

Hogback (n.) An upward curve or very obtuse angle in the upper surface of any member, as of a timber laid horizontally; -- the opposite of camber.

Hogback (n.) See Hogframe.

Hogback (n.) A ridge formed by tilted strata; hence, any ridge with a sharp summit, and steeply sloping sides.

Hogchain (n.) A chain or tie rod, in a boat or barge, to prevent the vessel from hogging.

Hogchoker (n.) An American sole (Achirus

Hogcote (n.) A shed for swine; a sty.

Hogfish (n.) A large West Indian and Florida food fish (Lachnolaemus).

Hogfish (n.) The pigfish or sailor's choice.

Hogfish (n.) An American fresh-water fish; the log perch.

Hogfish (n.) A large, red, spiny-headed, European marine fish (Scorpaena scrofa).

Hogframe (n.) A trussed frame extending fore and aft, usually above deck, and intended to increase the longitudinal strength and stiffness. Used chiefly in American river and lake steamers. Called also hogging frame, and hogback.

Hogger (n.) A stocking without a foot, worn by coal miners at work.

Hoggerel (n.) A sheep of the second year. [Written also hogrel.] Ash.

Hoggerpipe (n.) The upper terminal pipe of a mining pump.

Hogger-pump (n.) The for pump in the pit.

Hoggery (n.) Hoggish character or manners; selfishness; greed; beast

Hogget (n.) A young boar of the second year.

Hogget (n.) A sheep or colt alter it has passed its first year.

Hogging (n.) Drooping at the ends; arching;-in distinction from sagging.

Hogh (n.) A hill; a cliff.

Hogherd (n.) A swineherd.

Hogmanay (n.) The old name, in Scotland, for the last day of the year, on which children go about singing, and receive a dole of bread or cakes; also, the entertainment given on that day to a visitor, or the gift given to an applicant.

Hognut (n.) The pignut.

Hognut (n.) In England, the Bunium flexuosum, a tuberous plant.

Hogo (n.) High flavor; strong scent.

Hogpen (n.) A pen or sty for hogs.

Hogreeve (n.) A civil officer charged with the duty of impounding hogs running at large.

Hogringer (n.) One who puts rings into the snouts of hogs.

Hog's-back (n.) A hogback.

Hogscore (n.) A distance lime brawn across the rink or course between the middle

Hogshead (n.) An English measure of capacity, containing 63 wine gallons, or about 52/ imperial gallons; a half pipe.

Hogshead (n.) A large cask or barrel, of indefinite contents; esp. one containing from 100 to 140 gallons.

Hogskin (n.) Leather tanned from a hog's skin. Also used adjectively.

Hogsty (n.) A pen, house, or inclosure, for hogs.

Hogwash (n.) Swill.

Hogweed (n.) A common weed (Ambrosia artemisiaege). See Ambrosia, 3.

Hogweed (n.) In England, the Heracleum Sphondylium.

Hoiden (n.) A rude, clownish youth.

Hoiden (n.) A rude, bold girl; a romp.

Hoidenhood (n.) State of being a hoiden.

Hoist (n.) That by which anything is hoisted; the apparatus for lifting goods.

Hoist (n.) The act of hoisting; a lift.

Hoist (n.) The perpendicular height of a flag, as opposed to the fly, or horizontal length when flying from a staff.

Hoist (n.) The height of a fore-and-aft sail next the mast or stay.

Hoistaway (n.) A mechanical lift. See Elevator.

Hoistway (n.) An opening for the hoist, or elevator, in the floor of a wareroom.

Hokeday (n.) Same as Hockday.

Hoker (n.) Scorn; derision; abusive talk.

Holcad (n.) A large ship of burden, in ancient Greece.

Hold (n.) The whole interior portion of a vessel below the lower deck, in which the cargo is stowed.

Hold (n.) The act of holding, as in or with the hands or arms; the manner of holding, whether firm or loose; seizure; grasp; clasp; gripe; possession; -- often used with the verbs take and lay.

Hold (n.) The authority or ground to take or keep; claim.

Hold (n.) Binding power and influence.

Hold (n.) Something that may be grasped; means of support.

Hold (n.) A place of confinement; a prison; confinement; custody; guard.

Hold (n.) A place of security; a fortified place; a fort; a castle; -- often called a stronghold.

Hold (n.) A character [thus /] placed over or under a note or rest, and indicating that it is to be prolonged; -- called also pause, and corona.

Holdback (n.) Check; hindrance; restraint; obstacle.

Holdback (n.) The projection or loop on the thill of a vehicle. to which a strap of the harness is attached, to hold back a carriage when going down hill, or in backing; also, the strap or part of the harness so used.

Holder (n.) One who is employed in the hold of a vessel.

Holder (n.) One who, or that which, holds.

Holder (n.) One who holds land, etc., under another; a tenant.

Holder (n.) The payee of a bill of exchange or a promissory note, or the one who owns or holds it.

Holder-forth (n.) One who speaks in public; an haranguer; a preacher.

Holdfast (n.) Something used to secure and hold in place something else, as a long fiat-headed nail, a catch a hook, a clinch, a clamp, etc.; hence, a support.

Holdfast (n.) A conical or branching body, by which a seaweed is attached to its support, and differing from a root in that it is not specially absorbent of moisture.

Holding (n.) The act or state of sustaining, grasping, or retaining.

Holding (n.) A tenure; a farm or other estate held of another.

Holding (n.) That which holds, binds, or influences.

Holding (n.) The burden or chorus of a song.

Hole (n.) A hollow place or cavity; an excavation; a pit; an opening in or through a solid body, a fabric, etc.; a perforation; a rent; a fissure.

Hole (n.) An excavation in the ground, made by an animal to live in, or a natural cavity inhabited by an animal; hence, a low, narrow, or dark lodging or place; a mean habitation.

Hole (n.) To cut, dig, or bore a hole or holes in; as, to hole a post for the insertion of rails or bars.

Hole (n.) To drive into a hole, as an animal, or a billiard ball.

Holethnos (n.) A parent stock or race of people, not yet divided into separate branches or tribes.

Holibut (n.) See Halibut.

Holidam (n.) See Halidom.

Holiday (n.) A consecrated day; religious anniversary; a day set apart in honor of some person, or in commemoration of some event. See Holyday.

Holiday (n.) A day of exemption from labor; a day of amusement and gayety; a festival day.

Holiday (n.) A day fixed by law for suspension of business; a legal holiday.



Holing (n.) Undercutting in a bed of coal, in order to bring down the upper mass.

Holland (n.) A kind of

Hollander (n.) A native or one of the people of Holland; a Dutchman.

Hollander (n.) A very hard, semi-glazed, green or dark brown brick, which will not absorb water; -- called also, Dutch clinker.

Hollands (n.) Gin made in Holland.

Hollands (n.) See Holland.

Hollow (n.) A cavity, natural or artificial; an unfilled space within anything; a hole, a cavern; an excavation; as the hollow of the hand or of a tree.

Hollow (n.) A low spot surrounded by elevations; a depressed part of a surface; a concavity; a channel.

Hollowness (n.) State of being hollow.

Hollowness (n.) Insincerity; unsoundness; treachery.

Holly (n.) A tree or shrub of the genus Ilex. The European species (Ilex Aguifolium) is best known, having glossy green leaves, with a spiny, waved edge, and bearing berries that turn red or yellow about Michaelmas.

Holly (n.) The holm oak. See 1st Holm.

Hollyhock (n.) A species of Althaea (A. rosea), bearing flowers of various colors; -- called also rose mallow.

Holm (n.) A common evergreen oak, of Europe (Quercus Ilex); -- called also ilex, and holly.

Holm (n.) An islet in a river.

Holm (n.) Low, flat land.

Holmia (n.) An oxide of holmium.

Holmium (n.) A rare element said to be contained in gadolinite.

Holmos (n.) A name given to a vase having a rounded body

Holmos (n.) A closed vessel of nearly spherical form on a high stem or pedestal.

Holmos (n.) A drinking cup having a foot and stem.

Holoblast (n.) an ovum composed entirely of germinal matter. See Meroblast.

Holocaust (n.) A burnt sacrifice; an offering, the whole of which was consumed by fire, among the Jews and some pagan nations.

Holocaust (n.) Sacrifice or loss of many lives, as by the burning of a theater or a ship. [An extended use not authorized by careful writers.]

Holograph (n.) A document, as a letter, deed, or will, wholly in the handwriting of the person from whom it proceeds and whose act it purports to be.

Holometer (n.) An instrument for making of angular measurements.

Holophote (n.) A lamp with lenses or reflectors to collect the rays of light and throw them in a given direction; -- used in lighthouses.

Holosiderite (n.) Meteoric iron; a meteorite consisting of metallic iron without stony matter.

Holostome (n.) One of the Holostomata.

Holothure (n.) A holothurian.

Holothurian (n.) One of the Holothurioidea.

Holour (n.) A whoremonger.

Holster (n.) A leather case for a pistol, carried by a horseman at the bow of his saddle.

Holt (n.) A piece of woodland; especially, a woody hill.

Holt (n.) A deep hole in a river where there is protection for fish; also, a cover, a hole, or hiding place.

Holyday (n.) A religious festival.

Holyday (n.) A secular festival; a holiday.

Holystone (n.) A stone used by seamen for scrubbing the decks of ships.

Homage (n.) A symbolical acknowledgment made by a feudal tenant to, and in the presence of, his lord, on receiving investiture of fee, or coming to it by succession, that he was his man, or vassal; profession of fealty to a sovereign.

Homage (n.) Respect or reverential regard; deference; especially, respect paid by external action; obeisance.

Homage (n.) Reverence directed to the Supreme Being; reverential worship; devout affection.

Homager (n.) One who does homage, or holds land of another by homage; a vassal.

Homarus (n.) A genus of decapod Crustacea, including the common lobsters.

Homatropine (n.) An alkaloid, prepared from atropine, and from other sources. It is chemically related to atropine, and is used for the same purpose.

Home (n.) See Homelyn.

Home (n.) One's own dwelling place; the house in which one lives; esp., the house in which one lives with his family; the habitual abode of one's family; also, one's birthplace.

Home (n.) One's native land; the place or country in which one dwells; the place where one's ancestors dwell or dwelt.

Home (n.) The abiding place of the affections, especially of the domestic affections.

Home (n.) The locality where a thing is usually found, or was first found, or where it is naturally abundant; habitat; seat; as, the home of the pine.

Home (n.) A place of refuge and rest; an asylum; as, a home for outcasts; a home for the blind; hence, esp., the grave; the final rest; also, the native and eternal dwelling place of the soul.

Home (n.) The home base; he started for home.

Home-coming (n.) Return home.

Homefield (n.) A field adjacent to its owner's home.

Home-keeping (n.) A staying at home.





Homeling (n.) A person or thing belonging to a home or to a particular country; a native; as, a word which is a homeling.

Homely (n.) Belonging to, or having the characteristics of, home; domestic; familiar; intimate.

Homely (n.) Plain; unpretending; rude in appearance; unpolished; as, a homely garment; a homely house; homely fare; homely manners.

Homely (n.) Of plain or coarse features; uncomely; -- contrary to handsome.

Homelyn (n.) The European sand ray (Raia maculata); -- called also home, mirror ray, and rough ray.

Homeopath (n.) A practitioner of homeopathy.

Homeopathist (n.) A believer in, or practitioner of, homeopathy.

Homeopathy (n.) The art of curing, founded on resemblances; the theory and its practice that disease is cured (tuto, cito, et jucunde) by remedies which produce on a healthy person effects similar to the symptoms of the complaint under which the patient suffers, the remedies being usually administered in minute doses. This system was founded by Dr. Samuel Hahnemann, and is opposed to allopathy, or heteropathy.

Homer (n.) A carrier pigeon remarkable for its ability to return home from a distance.

Homer (n.) See Hoemother.

Homer (n.) A Hebrew measure containing, as a liquid measure, ten baths, equivalent to fifty-five gallons, two quarts, one pint; and, as a dry measure, ten ephahs, equivalent to six bushels, two pecks, four quarts.

Home-speaking (n.) Direct, forcible, and effective speaking.

Homespun (n.) Cloth made at home; as, he was dressed in homespun.

Homespun (n.) An unpolished, rustic person.

Homestall (n.) Place of a home; homestead.

Homestead (n.) The home place; a home and the inclosure or ground immediately connected with it.

Homestead (n.) The home or seat of a family; place of origin.

Homestead (n.) The home and appurtenant land and buildings owned by the head of a family, and occupied by him and his family.

Homesteader (n.) One who has entered upon a portion of the public land with the purpose of acquiring ownership of it under provisions of the homestead law, so called; one who has acquired a homestead in this manner.

Homilete (n.) A homilist.

Homiletics (n.) The art of preaching; that branch of theology which treats of homilies or sermons, and the best method of preparing and delivering them.

Homilist (n.) One who prepares homilies; one who preaches to a congregation.

Homilite (n.) A borosilicate of iron and lime, near datolite in form and composition.

Homily (n.) A discourse or sermon read or pronounced to an audience; a serious discourse.

Homily (n.) A serious or tedious exhortation in private on some moral point, or on the conduct of life.

Hominy (n.) Maize hulled and broken, and prepared for food by being boiled in water.

Hommock (n.) A small eminence of a conical form, of land or of ice; a knoll; a hillock. See Hummock.

Homocercy (n.) The possession of a homocercal tail.

Homocerebrin (n.) A body similar to, or identical with, cerebrin.

Homodermy (n.) Homology of the germinal layers.

Homodynamy (n.) The homology of metameres. See Metamere.

Homoeomeria (n.) The state or quality of being homogeneous in elements or first principles; likeness or identity of parts.

Homoeomery (n.) Same as Homoeomeria.

Homoeomorphism (n.) A near similarity of crystal

Homoeopathic (n.) Alt. of Homoeopathy

Homoeopathist (n.) Alt. of Homoeopathy

Homoeopathy (n.) Same as Homeopathic, Homeopathist, Homeopathy.

Homogamy (n.) The condition of being homogamous.

Homogenealness (n.) Homogeneousness.

Homogeneity (n.) Same as Homogeneousness.

Homogeneousness (n.) Sameness 9kind or nature; uniformity of structure or material.

Homogenesis (n.) That method of reproduction in which the successive generations are alike, the offspring, either animal or plant, running through the same cycle of existence as the parent; gamogenesis; -- opposed to heterogenesis.

Homogeny (n.) Joint nature.

Homogeny (n.) The correspondence of common descent; -- a term used to supersede homology by Lankester, who also used homoplasy to denote any superinduced correspondence of position and structure in parts embryonically distinct (other writers using the term homoplasmy). Thus, there is homogeny between the fore limb of a mammal and the wing of a bird; but the right and left ventricles of the heart in both are only in homoplasy with each other, these having arisen independently since the diver>

Homogony (n.) The condition of having homogonous flowers.

Homograph (n.) One of two or more words identical in orthography, but having different derivations and meanings; as, fair, n., a market, and fair, a., beautiful.

Homography (n.) That method of spelling in which every sound is represented by a single character, which indicates that sound and no other.

Homography (n.) A relation between two figures, such that to any point of the one corresponds one and but one point in the other, and vise versa. Thus, a tangent

Homoioptoton (n.) A figure in which the several parts of a sentence end with the same case, or inflection generally.

Homoiousian (n.) One of the semi-Arians of the 4th century, who held that the Son was of like, but not the same, essence or substance with the Father; -- opposed to homoousian.

Homologation (n.) Confirmation or ratification (as of something otherwise null and void), by a court or a grantor.

Homologon (n.) See Homologue.

Homologue (n.) That which is homologous to something else; as, the corresponding sides, etc., of similar polygons are the homologues of each other; the members or terms of an homologous series in chemistry are the homologues of each other; one of the bones in the hand of man is the homologue of that in the paddle of a whale.

Homology (n.) The quality of being homologous; correspondence; relation; as, the homologyof similar polygons.

Homology (n.) Correspondence or relation in type of structure in contradistinction to similarity of function; as, the relation in structure between the leg and arm of a man; or that between the arm of a man, the fore leg of a horse, the wing of a bird, and the fin of a fish, all these organs being modifications of one type of structure.

Homology (n.) The correspondence or resemblance of substances belonging to the same type or series; a similarity of composition varying by a small, regular difference, and usually attended by a regular variation in physical properties; as, there is an homology between methane, CH4, ethane, C2H6, propane, C3H8, etc., all members of the paraffin series. In an extended sense, the term is applied to the relation between chemical elements of the same group; as, chlorine, bromine, and iodine are >

Homomorphism (n.) Same as Homomorphy.

Homomorphism (n.) The possession, in one species of plants, of only one kind of flowers; -- opposed to heteromorphism, dimorphism, and trimorphism.

Homomorphism (n.) The possession of but one kind of larvae or young, as in most insects.

Homomorphy (n.) Similarity of form; resemblance in external characters, while widely different in fundamental structure; resemblance in geometric ground form. See Homophyly, Promorphology.

Homonomy (n.) The homology of parts arranged on transverse axes.

Homonym (n.) A word having the same sound as another, but differing from it in meaning; as the noun bear and the verb bear.

Homonymy (n.) Sameness of name or designation; identity in relations.

Homonymy (n.) Sameness of name or designation of things or persons which are different; ambiguity.

Homoousian (n.) One of those, in the 4th century, who accepted the Nicene creed, and maintained that the Son had the same essence or substance with the Father; -- opposed to homoiousian.

Homophone (n.) A letter or character which expresses a like sound with another.

Homophone (n.) A word having the same sound as another, but differing from it in meaning and usually in spelling; as, all and awl; bare and bear; rite, write, right, and wright.

Homophony (n.) Sameness of sound.

Homophony (n.) Sameness of sound; unison.

Homophony (n.) Plain harmony, as opposed to polyphony. See Homophonous.

Homophyly (n.) That form of homology due to common ancestry (phylogenetic homology), in opposition to homomorphy, to which genealogic basis is wanting.

Homoplasmy (n.) Resemblance between different plants or animals, in external shape, in general habit, or in organs, which is not due to descent from a common ancestor, but to similar surrounding circumstances.

Homoplast (n.) One of the plastids composing the idorgan of Haeckel; -- also called homoorgan.

Homoplasty (n.) The formation of homologous tissues.

Homoplasy (n.) See Homogeny.

Homopter (n.) One of the Homoptera.

Homopteran (n.) An homopter.

Homotaxia (n.) Same as Homotaxis.

Homotaxis (n.) Similarly in arrangement of parts; -- the opposite of heterotaxy.

Homotaxy (n.) Same as Homotaxis.

Homotype (n.) That which has the same fundamental type of structure with something else; thus, the right arm is the homotype of the right leg; one arm is the homotype of the other, etc.

Homotypy (n.) A term suggested by Haeckel to be instead of serial homology. See Homotype.

Homunculus (n.) A little man; a dwarf; a manikin.

Hond (n.) Hand.

Hone (n.) A kind of swelling in the cheek.

Hone (n.) A stone of a fine grit, or a slab, as of metal, covered with an abrading substance or powder, used for sharpening cutting instruments, and especially for setting razors; an oilstone.

Honestation (n.) The act of honesting; grace; adornment.

Honestetee (n.) Honesty; honorableness.

Honewort (n.) An umbelliferous plant of the genus Sison (S. Amomum); -- so called because used to cure a swelling called a hone.

Honey (n.) A sweet viscid fluid, esp. that collected by bees from flowers of plants, and deposited in the cells of the honeycomb.

Honey (n.) That which is sweet or pleasant, like honey.

Honey (n.) Sweet one; -- a term of endearment.

Honey-bag (n.) The receptacle for honey in a honeybee.

Honeybee (n.) Any bee of the genus Apis, which lives in communities and collects honey, esp. the common domesticated hive bee (Apis mellifica), the Italian bee (A. ligustica), and the Arabiab bee (A. fasciata). The two latter are by many entomologists considered only varieties of the common hive bee. Each swarm of bees consists of a large number of workers (barren females), with, ordinarily, one queen or fertile female, but in the swarming season several young queens, and a number of males >

Honeybird (n.) The honey guide.

Honeycomb (n.) A mass of hexagonal waxen cells, formed by bees, and used by them to hold their honey and their eggs.

Honeycomb (n.) Any substance, as a easting of iron, a piece of worm-eaten wood, or of triple, etc., perforated with cells like a honeycomb.

Honeydew (n.) A sweet, saccharine substance, found on the leaves of trees and other plants in small drops, like dew. Two substances have been called by this name; one exuded from the plants, and the other secreted by certain insects, esp. aphids.

Honeydew (n.) A kind of tobacco moistened with molasses.

Honeymoon (n.) The first month after marriage.

Honeystone (n.) See Mellite.

Honeysucker (n.) See Honey eater, under Honey.

Honeysuckle (n.) One of several species of flowering plants, much admired for their beauty, and some for their fragrance.

Honeyware (n.) See Badderlocks.

Honeywort (n.) A European plant of the genus Cerinthe, whose flowers are very attractive to bees.

Hong (n.) A mercantile establishment or factory for foreign trade in China, as formerly at Canton; a succession of offices connected by a common passage and used for business or storage.

Honk (n.) The cry of a wild goose.

Honor (n.) Esteem due or paid to worth; high estimation; respect; consideration; reverence; veneration; manifestation of respect or reverence.

Honor (n.) That which rightfully attracts esteem, respect, or consideration; self-respect; dignity; courage; fidelity; especially, excellence of character; high moral worth; virtue; nobleness; specif., in men, integrity; uprightness; trustworthness; in women, purity; chastity.

Honor (n.) A nice sense of what is right, just, and true, with course of life correspondent thereto; strict conformity to the duty imposed by conscience, position, or privilege.

Honor (n.) That to which esteem or consideration is paid; distinguished position; high rank.

Honor (n.) Fame; reputation; credit.

Honor (n.) A token of esteem paid to worth; a mark of respect; a ceremonial sign of consideration; as, he wore an honor on his breast; military honors; civil honors.

Honor (n.) A cause of respect and fame; a glory; an excellency; an ornament; as, he is an honor to his nation.

Honor (n.) A title applied to the holders of certain honorable civil offices, or to persons of rank; as, His Honor the Mayor. See Note under Honorable.

Honor (n.) A seigniory or lordship held of the king, on which other lordships and manors depended.

Honor (n.) Academic or university prizes or distinctions; as, honors in classics.

Honor (n.) The ace, king, queen, and jack of trumps. The ten and nine are sometimes called Dutch honors.

Honor (n.) To regard or treat with honor, esteem, or respect; to revere; to treat with deference and submission; when used of the Supreme Being, to reverence; to adore; to worship.

Honor (n.) To dignify; to raise to distinction or notice; to bestow honor upon; to elevate in rank or station; to ennoble; to exalt; to glorify; hence, to do something to honor; to treat in a complimentary manner or with civility.

Honor (n.) To accept and pay when due; as, to honora bill of exchange.

Honorableness (n.) The state of being honorable; eminence; distinction.

Honorableness (n.) Conformity to the principles of honor, probity, or moral rectitude; fairness; uprightness; reputableness.

Honorer (n.) One who honors.

Hood (n.) State; condition.

Hood (n.) A covering or garment for the head or the head and shoulders, often attached to the body garment

Hood (n.) A soft covering for the head, worn by women, which leaves only the face exposed.

Hood (n.) A part of a monk's outer garment, with which he covers his head; a cowl.

Hood (n.) A like appendage to a cloak or loose overcoat, that may be drawn up over the head at pleasure.

Hood (n.) An ornamental fold at the back of an academic gown or ecclesiastical vestment; as, a master's hood.

Hood (n.) A covering for a horse's head.

Hood (n.) A covering for a hawk's head and eyes. See Illust. of Falcon.

Hood (n.) Anything resembling a hood in form or use

Hood (n.) The top or head of a carriage.

Hood (n.) A chimney top, often contrived to secure a constant draught by turning with the wind.

Hood (n.) A projecting cover above a hearth, forming the upper part of the fireplace, and confining the smoke to the flue.

Hood (n.) The top of a pump.

Hood (n.) A covering for a mortar.

Hood (n.) The hood-shaped upper petal of some flowers, as of monkshood; -- called also helmet.

Hood (n.) A covering or porch for a companion hatch.

Hood (n.) The endmost plank of a strake which reaches the stem or stern.

Hoodcap (n.) See Hooded seal, under Hooded.

Hoodlum (n.) A young rowdy; a rough, lawless fellow.

Hoodman (n.) The person blindfolded in the game called hoodman-blind.

Hoodman-blind (n.) An old term for blindman's buff.

Hoodoo (n.) One who causes bad luck.

Hoody (n.) The hooded crow; also, in Scotland, the hooded gull.

Hoof (n.) The horny substance or case that covers or terminates the feet of certain animals, as horses, oxen, etc.

Hoof (n.) A hoofed animal; a beast.

Hoof (n.) See Ungula.

Hook (n.) A piece of metal, or other hard material, formed or bent into a curve or at an angle, for catching, holding, or sustaining anything; as, a hook for catching fish; a hook for fastening a gate; a boat hook, etc.

Hook (n.) That part of a hinge which is fixed to a post, and on which a door or gate hangs and turns.

Hook (n.) An implement for cutting grass or grain; a sickle; an instrument for cutting or lopping; a billhook.

Hook (n.) See Eccentric, and V-hook.

Hook (n.) A snare; a trap.

Hook (n.) A field sown two years in succession.

Hook (n.) The projecting points of the thigh bones of cattle; -- called also hook bones.

Hookah (n.) A pipe with a long, flexible stem, so arranged that the smoke is cooled by being made to pass through water.

Hookedness (n.) The state of being bent like a hook; incurvation.

Hooker (n.) One who, or that which, hooks.

Hooker (n.) A Dutch vessel with two masts.

Hooker (n.) A fishing boat with one mast, used on the coast of Ireland.

Hooker (n.) A sailor's contemptuous term for any antiquated craft.

Hookey (n.) See Hockey.

Hooklet (n.) A little hook.

Hoolock (n.) A small black gibbon (Hylobates hoolock), found in the mountains of Assam.

Hoom (n.) Home.

Hoonoomaun (n.) An Indian monkey. See Entellus.

Hoop (n.) A pliant strip of wood or metal bent in a circular form, and united at the ends, for holding together the staves of casks, tubs, etc.

Hoop (n.) A ring; a circular band; anything resembling a hoop, as the cylinder (cheese hoop) in which the curd is pressed in making cheese.

Hoop (n.) A circle, or combination of circles, of thin whalebone, metal, or other elastic material, used for expanding the skirts of ladies' dresses; crino

Hoop (n.) A quart pot; -- so called because originally bound with hoops, like a barrel. Also, a portion of the contents measured by the distance between the hoops.

Hoop (n.) An old measure of capacity, variously estimated at from one to four pecks.

Hoop (n.) A shout; a whoop, as in whooping cough.

Hoop (n.) The hoopoe. See Hoopoe.

Hooper (n.) One who hoops casks or tubs; a cooper.

Hooper (n.) The European whistling, or wild, swan (Olor cygnus); -- called also hooper swan, whooping swan, and elk.

Hoopoe (n.) Alt. of Hoopoo

Hoopoo (n.) A European bird of the genus Upupa (U. epops), having a beautiful crest, which it can erect or depress at pleasure. Called also hoop, whoop. The name is also applied to several other species of the same genus and allied genera.

Hoosier (n.) A nickname given to an inhabitant of the State of Indiana.

Hoot (n.) A derisive cry or shout.

Hoot (n.) The cry of an owl.

Hoove (n.) A disease in cattle consisting in inflammation of the stomach by gas, ordinarily caused by eating too much green food; tympany; bloating.

Hop (n.) A leap on one leg, as of a boy; a leap, as of a toad; a jump; a spring.

Hop (n.) A dance; esp., an informal dance of ball.

Hop (n.) A climbing plant (Humulus Lupulus), having a long, twining, annual stalk. It is cultivated for its fruit (hops).

Hop (n.) The catkin or strobilaceous fruit of the hop, much used in brewing to give a bitter taste.

Hop (n.) The fruit of the dog-rose. See Hip.

Hopbine (n.) Alt. of Hopbind

Hopbind (n.) The climbing stem of the hop.

Hope (n.) A sloping plain between mountain ridges.

Hope (n.) A small bay; an inlet; a haven.

Hope (n.) A desire of some good, accompanied with an expectation of obtaining it, or a belief that it is obtainable; an expectation of something which is thought to be desirable; confidence; pleasing expectancy.

Hope (n.) One who, or that which, gives hope, furnishes ground of expectation, or promises desired good.

Hope (n.) That which is hoped for; an object of hope.

Hopeite (n.) A hydrous phosphate of zinc in transparent prismatic crystals.

Hoper (n.) One who hopes.

Hoplite (n.) A heavy-armed infantry soldier.

Hop-o'-my-thumb (n.) Alt. of Hop-thumb

Hop-thumb (n.) A very diminutive person.

Hopper (n.) One who, or that which, hops.

Hopper (n.) A chute, box, or receptacle, usually funnel-shaped with an opening at the lower part, for delivering or feeding any material, as to a machine; as, the wooden box with its trough through which grain passes into a mill by joining or shaking, or a funnel through which fuel passes into a furnace, or coal, etc., into a car.

Hopper (n.) See Grasshopper, 2.

Hopper (n.) A game. See Hopscotch.

Hopper (n.) See Grasshopper, and Frog hopper, Grape hopper, Leaf hopper, Tree hopper, under Frog, Grape, Leaf, and Tree.

Hopper (n.) The larva of a cheese fly.

Hopper (n.) A vessel for carrying waste, garbage, etc., out to sea, so constructed as to discharge its load by a mechanical contrivance; -- called also dumping scow.

Hopperings (n.) Gravel retaining in the hopper of a cradle.

Hoppet (n.) A hand basket; also, a dish used by miners for measuring ore.

Hoppet (n.) An infant in arms.

Hopping (n.) The act of one who, or that which, hops; a jumping, frisking, or dancing.

Hopping (n.) A gathering of hops.

Hopple (n.) A fetter for horses, or cattle, when turned out to graze; -- chiefly used in the plural.

Hopplebush (n.) Same as Hobblebush.

Hoppo (n.) A collector of customs, as at Canton; an overseer of commerce.

Hoppo (n.) A tribunal or commission having charge of the revenue derived from trade and navigation.

Hopscotch (n.) A child's game, in which a player, hopping on one foot, drives a stone from one compartment to another of a figure traced or scotched on the ground; -- called also hoppers.

Hop-thumb (n.) See Hop-o'-my-thumb.

Hopyard (n.) A field where hops are raised.

Horde (n.) A wandering troop or gang; especially, a clan or tribe of a nomadic people migrating from place to place for the sake of pasturage, plunder, etc.; a predatory multitude.

Hordein (n.) A peculiar starchy matter contained in barley. It is complex mixture.

Hordeolum (n.) A small tumor upon the eyelid, resembling a grain of barley; a sty.

Hordock (n.) An unidentified plant mentioned by Shakespeare, perhaps equivalent to burdock.

Horehound (n.) A plant of the genus Marrubium (M. vulgare), which has a bitter taste, and is a weak tonic, used as a household remedy for colds, coughing, etc.

Horizon (n.) The circle which bounds that part of the earth's surface visible to a spectator from a given point; the apparent junction of the earth and sky.

Horizon (n.) A plane passing through the eye of the spectator and at right angles to the vertical at a given place; a plane tangent to the earth's surface at that place; called distinctively the sensible horizon.

Horizon (n.) A plane parallel to the sensible horizon of a place, and passing through the earth's center; -- called also rational / celestial horizon.

Horizon (n.) The unbroken

Horizon (n.) The epoch or time during which a deposit was made.

Horizon (n.) The chief horizontal

Horizontality (n.) The state or quality of being horizontal.

Hormogonium (n.) A chain of small cells in certain algae, by which the plant is propogated.

Horn (n.) A hard, projecting, and usually pointed organ, growing upon the heads of certain animals, esp. of the ruminants, as cattle, goats, and the like. The hollow horns of the Ox family consist externally of true horn, and are never shed.

Horn (n.) The antler of a deer, which is of bone throughout, and annually shed and renewed.

Horn (n.) Any natural projection or excrescence from an animal, resembling or thought to resemble a horn in substance or form; esp.: (a) A projection from the beak of a bird, as in the hornbill. (b) A tuft of feathers on the head of a bird, as in the horned owl. (c) A hornlike projection from the head or thorax of an insect, or the head of a reptile, or fish. (d) A sharp spine in front of the fins of a fish, as in the horned pout.

Horn (n.) An incurved, tapering and pointed appendage found in the flowers of the milkweed (Asclepias).

Horn (n.) Something made of a horn, or in resemblance of a horn

Horn (n.) A wind instrument of music; originally, one made of a horn (of an ox or a ram); now applied to various elaborately wrought instruments of brass or other metal, resembling a horn in shape.

Horn (n.) A drinking cup, or beaker, as having been originally made of the horns of cattle.

Horn (n.) The cornucopia, or horn of plenty.

Horn (n.) A vessel made of a horn; esp., one designed for containing powder; anciently, a small vessel for carrying liquids.

Horn (n.) The pointed beak of an anvil.

Horn (n.) The high pommel of a saddle; also, either of the projections on a lady's saddle for supporting the leg.

Horn (n.) The Ionic volute.

Horn (n.) The outer end of a crosstree; also, one of the projections forming the jaws of a gaff, boom, etc.

Horn (n.) A curved projection on the fore part of a plane.

Horn (n.) One of the projections at the four corners of the Jewish altar of burnt offering.

Horn (n.) One of the curved ends of a crescent; esp., an extremity or cusp of the moon when crescent-shaped.

Horn (n.) The curving extremity of the wing of an army or of a squadron drawn up in a crescentlike form.

Horn (n.) The tough, fibrous material of which true horns are composed, being, in the Ox family, chiefly albuminous, with some phosphate of lime; also, any similar substance, as that which forms the hoof crust of horses, sheep, and cattle; as, a spoon of horn.

Horn (n.) A symbol of strength, power, glory, exaltation, or pride.

Horn (n.) An emblem of a cuckold; -- used chiefly in the plural.

Hornbeak (n.) A fish. See Hornfish.

Hornbeam (n.) A tree of the genus Carpinus (C. Americana), having a smooth gray bark and a ridged trunk, the wood being white and very hard. It is common along the banks of streams in the United States, and is also called ironwood. The English hornbeam is C. Betulus. The American is called also blue beech and water beech.

Hornbill (n.) Any bird of the family Bucerotidae, of which about sixty species are known, belonging to numerous genera. They inhabit the tropical parts of Asia, Africa, and the East Indies, and are remarkable for having a more or less horn-like protuberance, which is usually large and hollow and is situated on the upper side of the beak. The size of the hornbill varies from that of a pigeon to that of a raven, or even larger. They feed chiefly upon fruit, but some species eat dead animals.<>

Hornblende (n.) The common black, or dark green or brown, variety of amphibole. (See Amphibole.) It belongs to the aluminous division of the species, and is also characterized by its containing considerable iron. Also used as a general term to include the whole species.

Hornblower (n.) One who, or that which, blows a horn.

Hornbook (n.) The first book for children, or that from which in former times they learned their letters and rudiments; -- so called because a sheet of horn covered the small, thin board of oak, or the slip of paper, on which the alphabet, digits, and often the Lord's Prayer, were written or printed; a primer.

Hornbook (n.) A book containing the rudiments of any science or branch of knowledge; a manual; a handbook.

Hornbug (n.) A large nocturnal beetle of the genus Lucanus (as L. capreolus, and L. dama), having long, curved upper jaws, resembling a sickle. The grubs are found in the trunks of old trees.

Hornedness (n.) The condition of being horned.

Hornel (n.) The European sand eel.

Horner (n.) One who works or deal in horn or horns.

Horner (n.) One who winds or blows the horn.

Horner (n.) One who horns or cuckolds.

Horner (n.) The British sand lance or sand eel (Ammodytes lanceolatus).

Hornet (n.) A large, strong wasp. The European species (Vespa crabro) is of a dark brown and yellow color. It is very pugnacious, and its sting is very severe. Its nest is constructed of a paperlike material, and the layers of comb are hung together by columns. The American white-faced hornet (V. maculata) is larger and has similar habits.

Hornfish (n.) The garfish or sea needle.

Horning (n.) Appearance of the moon when increasing, or in the form of a crescent.

Hornito (n.) A low, oven-shaped mound, common in volcanic regions, and emitting smoke and vapors from its sides and summit.

Hornotine (n.) A yearling; a bird of the year.

Hornowl (n.) See Horned Owl.

Hornpike (n.) The garfish.

Hornpipe (n.) An instrument of music formerly popular in Wales, consisting of a wooden pipe, with holes at intervals. It was so called because the bell at the open end was sometimes made of horn.

Hornpipe (n.) A lively tune played on a hornpipe, for dancing; a tune adapted for such playing.

Hornpout (n.) See Horned pout, under Horned.

Hornsnake (n.) A harmless snake (Farancia abacura), found in the Southern United States. The color is bluish black above, red below.

Hornstone (n.) A siliceous stone, a variety of quartz, closely resembling flint, but more brittle; -- called also chert.

Horntail (n.) Any one of family (Uroceridae) of large hymenopterous insects, allied to the sawflies. The larvae bore in the wood of trees. So called from the long, stout ovipositors of the females.

Hornwork (n.) An outwork composed of two demibastions joined by a curtain. It is connected with the works in rear by long wings.

Hornwort (n.) An aquatic plant (Ceratophyllum), with finely divided leaves.

Hornwrack (n.) A bryozoan of the genus Flustra.

Hornyhead (n.) Any North American river chub of the genus Hybopsis, esp. H. biguttatus.

Horography (n.) An account of the hours.

Horography (n.) The art of constructing instruments for making the hours, as clocks, watches, and dials.

Horologe (n.) A servant who called out the hours.

Horologe (n.) An instrument indicating the time of day; a timepiece of any kind; a watch, clock, or dial.

Horologer (n.) A maker or vender of clocks and watches; one skilled in horology.

Horologiographer (n.) A maker of clocks, watches, or dials.

Horologiography (n.) An account of instruments that show the hour.

Horologiography (n.) The art of constructing clocks or dials; horography.

Horologist (n.) One versed in horology.

Horology (n.) The science of measuring time, or the principles and art of constructing instruments for measuring and indicating portions of time, as clocks, watches, dials, etc.

Horometer (n.) An instrument for measuring time.

Horometry (n.) The art, practice, or method of measuring time by hours and subordinate divisions.

Horopter (n.) The

Horoscope (n.) The representation made of the aspect of the heavens at the moment of a person's birth, by which the astrologer professed to foretell the events of the person's life; especially, the sign of the zodiac rising above the horizon at such a moment.

Horoscope (n.) The diagram or scheme of twelve houses or signs of the zodiac, into which the whole circuit of the heavens was divided for the purposes of such prediction of fortune.

Horoscope (n.) The planisphere invented by Jean Paduanus.

Horoscope (n.) A table showing the length of the days and nights at all places.

Horoscoper (n.) Alt. of Horoscopist

Horoscopist (n.) One versed in horoscopy; an astrologer.

Horoscopy (n.) The art or practice of casting horoscopes, or observing the disposition of the stars, with a view to prediction events.

Horoscopy (n.) Aspect of the stars at the time of a person's birth.

Horribleness (n.) The state or quality of being horrible; dreadfulness; hideousness.

Horridness (n.) The quality of being horrid.

Horrification (n.) That which causes horror.

Horripilation (n.) A real or fancied bristling of the hair of the head or body, resulting from disease, terror, chil

Horror (n.) A bristling up; a rising into roughness; tumultuous movement.

Horror (n.) A shaking, shivering, or shuddering, as in the cold fit which precedes a fever; in old medical writings, a chill of less severity than a rigor, and more marked than an algor.

Horror (n.) A painful emotion of fear, dread, and abhorrence; a shuddering with terror and detestation; the feeling inspired by something frightful and shocking.

Horror (n.) That which excites horror or dread, or is horrible; gloom; dreariness.

Horse (n.) A hoofed quadruped of the genus Equus; especially, the domestic horse (E. caballus), which was domesticated in Egypt and Asia at a very early period. It has six broad molars, on each side of each jaw, with six incisors, and two canine teeth, both above and below. The mares usually have the canine teeth rudimentary or wanting. The horse differs from the true asses, in having a long, flowing mane, and the tail bushy to the base. Unlike the asses it has callosities, or chestnuts, on>

Horse (n.) The male of the genus horse, in distinction from the female or male; usually, a castrated male.

Horse (n.) Mounted soldiery; cavalry; -- used without the plural termination; as, a regiment of horse; -- distinguished from foot.

Horse (n.) A frame with legs, used to support something; as, a clotheshorse, a sawhorse, etc.

Horse (n.) A frame of timber, shaped like a horse, on which soldiers were made to ride for punishment.

Horse (n.) Anything, actual or figurative, on which one rides as on a horse; a hobby.

Horse (n.) A mass of earthy matter, or rock of the same character as the wall rock, occurring in the course of a vein, as of coal or ore; hence, to take horse -- said of a vein -- is to divide into branches for a distance.

Horse (n.) See Footrope, a.

Horseback (n.) The back of a horse.

Horseback (n.) An extended ridge of sand, gravel, and bowlders, in a half-stratified condition.

Horse-chestnut (n.) The large nutlike seed of a species of Aesculus (Ae. Hippocastanum), formerly ground, and fed to horses, whence the name.

Horse-chestnut (n.) The tree itself, which was brought from Constantinople in the beginning of the sixteenth century, and is now common in the temperate zones of both hemispheres. The native American species are called buckeyes.

Horse-drench (n.) A dose of physic for a horse.

Horse-drench (n.) The appliance by which the dose is administred.

Horsefish (n.) The moonfish (Selene setipinnis).

Horsefish (n.) The sauger.

Horseflesh (n.) The flesh of horses.

Horseflesh (n.) Horses, generally; the qualities of a horse; as, he is a judge of horseflesh.

Horsefly (n.) Any dipterous fly of the family Tabanidae, that stings horses, and sucks their blood.

Horsefly (n.) The horse tick or forest fly (Hippobosca).

Horsefoot (n.) The coltsfoot.

Horsefoot (n.) The Limulus or horseshoe crab.

Horsehair (n.) A hair of a horse, especially one from the mane or tail; the hairs of the mane or tail taken collectively; a fabric or tuft made of such hairs.

Horsehead (n.) The silver moonfish (Selene vomer).

Horsehide (n.) The hide of a horse.

Horsehide (n.) Leather made of the hide of a horse.

Horse-jockey (n.) A professional rider and trainer of race horses.

Horse-jockey (n.) A trainer and dealer in horses.

Horseknop (n.) Knapweed.

Horselaugh (n.) A loud, boisterous laugh; a guffaw.

Horse-leech (n.) A large blood-sucking leech (Haemopsis vorax), of Europe and Northern Africa. It attacks the lips and mouths of horses.

Horse-leech (n.) A farrier; a veterinary surgeon.

Horse-leechery (n.) The business of a farrier; especially, the art of curing the diseases of horses.

Horse-litter (n.) A carriage hung on poles, and borne by and between two horses.

Horseman (n.) A rider on horseback; one skilled in the management of horses; a mounted man.

Horseman (n.) A mounted soldier; a cavalryman.

Horseman (n.) A land crab of the genus Ocypoda, living on the coast of Brazil and the West Indies, noted for running very swiftly.

Horseman (n.) A West Indian fish of the genus Eques, as the light-horseman (E. lanceolatus).

Horsemanship (n.) The act or art of riding, and of training and managing horses; manege.

Horsemint (n.) A coarse American plant of the Mint family (Monarda punctata).

Horsemint (n.) In England, the wild mint (Mentha sylvestris).

Horsenail (n.) A thin, pointed nail, with a heavy flaring head, for securing a horsehoe to the hoof; a horsehoe nail.

Horseplay (n.) Rude, boisterous play.

Horsepond (n.) A pond for watering horses.

Horse-radish (n.) A plant of the genus Nasturtium (N. Armoracia), allied to scurvy grass, having a root of a pungent taste, much used, when grated, as a condiment and in medicine.

Horserake (n.) A rake drawn by a horse.

Horseshoe (n.) A shoe for horses, consisting of a narrow plate of iron in form somewhat like the letter U, nailed to a horse's hoof.

Horseshoe (n.) Anything shaped like a horsehoe crab.

Horseshoe (n.) The Limulus of horsehoe crab.

Horseshoer (n.) One who shoes horses.

Horseshoeing (n.) The act or employment of shoeing horses.

Horsetail (n.) A leafless plant, with hollow and rushlike stems. It is of the genus Equisetum, and is allied to the ferns. See Illust. of Equisetum.

Horsetail (n.) A Turkish standard, denoting rank.

Horseweed (n.) A composite plant (Erigeron Canadensis), which is a common weed.

Horsewhip (n.) A whip for horses.

Horsewoman (n.) A woman who rides on horseback.

Horsewood (n.) A West Indian tree (Calliandra latifolia) with showy, crimson blossoms.

Horseworm (n.) The larva of a botfly.

Horsiness (n.) The condition or quality of being a horse; that which pertains to a horse.

Horsiness (n.) Fondness for, or interest in, horses.

Hortation (n.) The act of exhorting, inciting, or giving advice; exhortation.

Hortative (n.) An exhortation.

Horticultor (n.) One who cultivates a garden.

Horticulture (n.) The cultivation of a garden or orchard; the art of cultivating gardens or orchards.

Horticulturist (n.) One who practices horticulture.

Hortyard (n.) An orchard.

Hosanna (n.) A Hebrew exclamation of praise to the Lord, or an invocation of blessings.

Hose (n.) Close-fitting trousers or breeches, as formerly worn, reaching to the knee.

Hose (n.) Covering for the feet and lower part of the legs; a stocking or stockings.

Hose (n.) A flexible pipe, made of leather, India rubber, or other material, and used for conveying fluids, especially water, from a faucet, hydrant, or fire engine.

Hosier (n.) One who deals in hose or stocking, or in goods knit or woven like hose.

Hosiery (n.) The business of a hosier.

Hosiery (n.) Stockings, in general; goods knit or woven like hose.

Hospice (n.) A convent or monastery which is also a place of refuge or entertainment for travelers on some difficult road or pass, as in the Alps; as, the Hospice of the Great St. Bernard.

Hospitableness (n.) The quality of being hospitable; hospitality.

Hospitage (n.) Hospitality.

Hospital (n.) A place for shelter or entertainment; an inn.

Hospital (n.) A building in which the sick, injured, or infirm are received and treated; a public or private institution founded for reception and cure, or for the refuge, of persons diseased in body or mind, or disabled, infirm, or dependent, and in which they are treated either at their own expense, or more often by charity in whole or in part; a tent, building, or other place where the sick or wounded of an army cared for.

Hospitaler (n.) One residing in a hospital, for the purpose of receiving the poor, the sick, and strangers.

Hospitaler (n.) One of an order of knights who built a hospital at Jerusalem for pilgrims, A. D. 1042. They were called Knights of St. John of Jerusalem, and after the removal of the order to Malta, Knights of Malta.

Hospitalism (n.) A vitiated condition of the body, due to long confinement in a hospital, or the morbid condition of the atmosphere of a hospital.

Hospitality (n.) The act or practice of one who is hospitable; reception and entertainment of strangers or guests without reward, or with kind and generous liberality.

Hospitium (n.) An inn; a lodging; a hospice.

Hospitium (n.) An inn of court.

Hospodar (n.) A title borne by the princes or governors of Moldavia and Wallachia before those countries were united as Roumania.

Host (n.) The consecrated wafer, believed to be the body of Christ, which in the Mass is offered as a sacrifice; also, the bread before consecration.

Host (n.) An army; a number of men gathered for war.

Host (n.) Any great number or multitude; a throng.

Host (n.) One who receives or entertains another, whether gratuitously or for compensation; one from whom another receives food, lodging, or entertainment; a landlord.

Hostage (n.) A person given as a pledge or security for the performance of the conditions of a treaty or stipulations of any kind, on the performance of which the person is to be released.

Hostel (n.) An inn.

Hostel (n.) A small, unendowed college in Oxford or Cambridge.

Hosteler (n.) The keeper of a hostel or inn.

Hosteler (n.) A student in a hostel, or small unendowed collede in Oxford or Cambridge.

Hostelry (n.) An inn; a lodging house.

Hostess (n.) A female host; a woman who hospitably entertains guests at her house.

Hostess (n.) A woman who entertains guests for compensation; a female innkeeper.

Hostess-ship (n.) The character, personality, or office of a hostess.

Hostie (n.) The consecrated wafer; the host.

Hostile (n.) An enemy; esp., an American Indian in arms against the whites; -- commonly in the plural.

Hostility (n.) State of being hostile; public or private enemy; unfriend

Hostility (n.) An act of an open enemy; a hostile deed; especially in the plural, acts of warfare; attacks of an enemy.

Hosting (n.) An encounter; a battle.

Hosting (n.) A muster or review.

Hostler (n.) An innkeeper. [Obs.] See Hosteler.

Hostler (n.) The person who has the care of horses at an inn or stable; hence, any one who takes care of horses; a groom; -- so called because the innkeeper formerly attended to this duty in person.

Hostler (n.) The person who takes charge of a locomotive when it is left by the engineer after a trip.

Hostry (n.) A hostelry; an inn or lodging house.

Hostry (n.) A stable for horses.

Hotbed (n.) A bed of earth heated by fermenting manure or other substances, and covered with glass, intended for raising early plants, or for nourishing exotics.

Hotbed (n.) A place which favors rapid growth or development; as, a hotbed of sedition.

Hotchpot (n.) Alt. of Hotchpotch

Hotchpotch (n.) A mingled mass; a confused mixture; a stew of various ingredients; a hodgepodge.

Hotchpotch (n.) A blending of property for equality of division, as when lands given in frank-marriage to one daughter were, after the death of the ancestor, blended with the lands descending to her and to her sisters from the same ancestor, and then divided in equal portions among all the daughters. In modern usage, a mixing together, or throwing into a common mass or stock, of the estate left by a person deceased and the amounts advanced to any particular child or children, for the purpos>

Hotcockles (n.) A childish play, in which one covers his eyes, and guesses who strikes him or his hand placed behind him.

Hotel (n.) A house for entertaining strangers or travelers; an inn or public house, of the better class.

Hotel (n.) In France, the mansion or town residence of a person of rank or wealth.

Hotel-de-ville (n.) A city hall or townhouse.

Hotel-Dieu (n.) A hospital.

Hot-head (n.) A violent, passionate person; a hasty or impetuous person; as, the rant of a hot-head.

Hothouse (n.) A house kept warm to shelter tender plants and shrubs from the cold air; a place in which the plants of warmer climates may be reared, and fruits ripened.

Hothouse (n.) A bagnio, or bathing house.

Hothouse (n.) A brothel; a bagnio.

Hothouse (n.) A heated room for drying green ware.

Hotness (n.) The quality or state of being hot.

Hotness (n.) Heat or excitement of mind or manner; violence; vehemence; impetuousity; ardor; fury.

Hotspur (n.) A rash, hot-headed man.

Hottentot (n.) One of a degraded and savage race of South Africa, with yellowish brown complexion, high cheek bones, and wooly hair growing in tufts.

Hottentot (n.) The language of the Hottentots, which is remarkable for its clicking sounds.

Hottentotism (n.) A term employed to describe one of the varieties of stammering.

Houdah (n.) See Howdah.

Hough (n.) Same as Hock, a joint.

Hough (n.) An adz; a hoe.

Houlet (n.) An owl. See Howlet.

Hoult (n.) A piece of woodland; a small wood. [Obs.] See Holt.

Hound (n.) A variety of the domestic dog, usually having large, drooping ears, esp. one which hunts game by scent, as the foxhound, bloodhound, deerhound, but also used for various breeds of fleet hunting dogs, as the greyhound, boarhound, etc.

Hound (n.) A despicable person.

Hound (n.) A houndfish.

Hound (n.) Projections at the masthead, serving as a support for the trestletrees and top to rest on.

Hound (n.) A side bar used to strengthen portions of the running gear of a vehicle.

Houndfish (n.) Any small shark of the genus Galeus or Mustelus, of which there are several species, as the smooth houndfish (G. canis), of Europe and America; -- called also houndshark, and dogfish.

Hounding (n.) The act of one who hounds.

Hounding (n.) The part of a mast below the hounds and above the deck.

Hound's-tongue (n.) A biennial weed (Cynoglossum officinale), with soft tongue-shaped leaves, and an offensive odor. It bears nutlets covered with barbed or hooked prickles. Called also dog's-tongue.

Houp (n.) See Hoopoe.

Hour (n.) The twenty-fourth part of a day; sixty minutes.

Hour (n.) The time of the day, as expressed in hours and minutes, and indicated by a timepiece; as, what is the hour? At what hour shall we meet?

Hour (n.) Fixed or appointed time; conjuncture; a particular time or occasion; as, the hour of greatest peril; the man for the hour.

Hour (n.) Certain prayers to be repeated at stated times of the day, as matins and vespers.

Hour (n.) A measure of distance traveled.

Hourglass (n.) An instrument for measuring time, especially the interval of an hour. It consists of a glass vessel having two compartments, from the uppermost of which a quantity of sand, water, or mercury occupies an hour in running through a small aperture unto the lower.

Houri (n.) A nymph of paradise; -- so called by the Mohammedans.

Housage (n.) A fee for keeping goods in a house.

House (n.) A structure intended or used as a habitation or shelter for animals of any kind; but especially, a building or edifice for the habitation of man; a dwelling place, a mansion.

House (n.) Household affairs; domestic concerns; particularly in the phrase to keep house. See below.

House (n.) Those who dwell in the same house; a household.

House (n.) A family of ancestors, descendants, and kindred; a race of persons from the same stock; a tribe; especially, a noble family or an illustrious race; as, the house of Austria; the house of Hanover; the house of Israel.

House (n.) One of the estates of a kingdom or other government assembled in parliament or legislature; a body of men united in a legislative capacity; as, the House of Lords; the House of Commons; the House of Representatives; also, a quorum of such a body. See Congress, and Parliament.

House (n.) A firm, or commercial establishment.

House (n.) A public house; an inn; a hotel.

House (n.) A twelfth part of the heavens, as divided by six circles intersecting at the north and south points of the horizon, used by astrologers in noting the positions of the heavenly bodies, and casting horoscopes or nativities. The houses were regarded as fixed in respect to the horizon, and numbered from the one at the eastern horizon, called the ascendant, first house, or house of life, downward, or in the direction of the earth's revolution, the stars and planets passing through the>

House (n.) A square on a chessboard, regarded as the proper place of a piece.

House (n.) An audience; an assembly of hearers, as at a lecture, a theater, etc.; as, a thin or a full house.

House (n.) The body, as the habitation of the soul.

House (n.) The grave.

Housebote (n.) Wood allowed to a tenant for repairing the house and for fuel. This latter is often called firebote. See Bote.

Housebreaker (n.) One who is guilty of the crime of housebreaking.

Housebreaking (n.) The act of breaking open and entering, with a felonious purpose, the dwelling house of another, whether done by day or night. See Burglary, and To break a house, under Break.

Housebuilder (n.) One whose business is to build houses; a housewright.

Housecarl (n.) A household servant; also, one of the bodyguard of King Canute.

Household (n.) Those who dwell under the same roof and compose a family.

Household (n.) A

Householder (n.) The master or head of a family; one who occupies a house with his family.

Housekeeper (n.) One who occupies a house with his family; a householder; the master or mistress of a family.

Housekeeper (n.) One who does, or oversees, the work of keeping house; as, his wife is a good housekeeper; often, a woman hired to superintend the servants of a household and manage the ordinary domestic affairs.

Housekeeper (n.) One who exercises hospitality, or has a plentiful and hospitable household.

Housekeeper (n.) One who keeps or stays much at home.

Housekeeper (n.) A house dog.

Housekeeping (n.) The state of occupying a dwelling house as a householder.

Housekeeping (n.) Care of domestic concerns; management of a house and home affairs.

Housekeeping (n.) Hospitality; a liberal and hospitable table; a supply of provisions.

Housel (n.) The eucharist.

Houseleek (n.) A succulent plant of the genus Sempervivum (S. tectorum), originally a native of subalpine Europe, but now found very generally on old walls and roofs. It is very tenacious of life under drought and heat; -- called also ayegreen.

Houselessness (n.) The state of being houseless.


Housemaid (n.) A female servant employed to do housework, esp. to take care of the rooms.

Housemate (n.) One who dwells in the same house with another.

Houseroom (n.) Room or place in a house; as, to give any one houseroom.

Housewarming (n.) A feast or merry-making made by or for a family or business firm on taking possession of a new house or premises.

Housewife (n.) The wife of a householder; the mistress of a family; the female head of a household.

Housewife (n.) A little case or bag for materials used in sewing, and for other articles of female work; -- called also hussy.

Housewife (n.) A hussy.

Housewifery (n.) The business of the mistress of a family; female management of domestic concerns.

Housework (n.) The work belonging to housekeeping; especially, kitchen work, sweeping, scrubbing, bed making, and the like.

Housewright (n.) A builder of houses.

Housing (n.) The act of putting or receiving under shelter; the state of dwelling in a habitation.

Housing (n.) That which shelters or covers; houses, taken collectively.

Housing (n.) The space taken out of one solid, to admit the insertion of part of another, as the end of one timber in the side of another.

Housing (n.) A niche for a statue.

Housing (n.) A frame or support for holding something in place, as journal boxes, etc.

Housing (n.) That portion of a mast or bowsprit which is beneath the deck or within the vessel.

Housing (n.) A covering or protection, as an awning over the deck of a ship when laid up.

Housing (n.) A house

Housing (n.) A cover or cloth for a horse's saddle, as an ornamental or military appendage; a saddlecloth; a horse cloth; in plural, trappings.

Housing (n.) An appendage to the hames or collar of a harness.

Houss (n.) A saddlecloth; a housing.

Houtou (n.) A beautiful South American motmot.

Houve (n.) A head covering of various kinds; a hood; a coif; a cap.

Houyhnhnm (n.) One of the race of horses described by Swift in his imaginary travels of Lemuel Gulliver. The Houyhnhnms were endowed with reason and noble qualities; subject to them were Yahoos, a race of brutes having the form and all the worst vices of men.

Hovel (n.) An open shed for sheltering cattle, or protecting produce, etc., from the weather.

Hovel (n.) A poor cottage; a small, mean house; a hut.

Hovel (n.) A large conical brick structure around which the firing kilns are grouped.

Hoveler (n.) One who assists in saving life and property from a wreck; a coast boatman.

Hoveling (n.) A method of securing a good draught in chimneys by covering the top, leaving openings in the sides, or by carrying up two of the sides higher than the other two.

Hover (n.) A cover; a shelter; a protection.

Hoverer (n.) A device in an incubator for protecting the young chickens and keeping them warm.

Hover-hawk (n.) The kestrel.

Howadji (n.) A traveler.

Howadji (n.) A merchant; -- so called in the East because merchants were formerly the chief travelers.

Howdah (n.) A seat or pavilion, generally covered, fastened on the back of an elephant, for the rider or riders.

Howdy (n.) A midwife.

Howel (n.) A tool used by coopers for smoothing and chamfering rheir work, especially the inside of casks.

Howell (n.) The upper stage of a porcelian furnace.

Howitz (n.) A howitzer.

Howitzer (n.) A gun so short that the projectile, which was hollow, could be put in its place by hand; a kind of mortar.

Howitzer (n.) A short, light, largebore cannon, usually having a chamber of smaller diameter than the rest of the bore, and intended to throw large projectiles with comparatively small charges.

Howker (n.) Same as Hooker.

Howl (n.) The protracted, mournful cry of a dog or a wolf, or other like sound.

Howl (n.) A prolonged cry of distress or anguish; a wail.

Howler (n.) One who howls.

Howler (n.) Any South American monkey of the genus Mycetes. Many species are known. They are arboreal in their habits, and are noted for the loud, discordant howling in which they indulge at night.

Howlet (n.) An owl; an owlet.

Howve (n.) A hood. See Houve.

Hoy (n.) A small coaster vessel, usually sloop-rigged, used in conveying passengers and goods from place to place, or as a tender to larger vessels in port.

Hoyden (n.) Same as Hoiden.

Hoyman (n.) One who navigates a hoy.

Huanaco (n.) See Guanaco.

Hub (n.) The central part, usually cylindrical, of a wheel; the nave. See Illust. of Axle box.

Hub (n.) The hilt of a weapon.

Hub (n.) A rough protuberance or projecting obstruction; as, a hub in the road. [U.S.] See Hubby.

Hub (n.) A goal or mark at which quoits, etc., are cast.

Hub (n.) A hardened, engraved steel punch for impressing a device upon a die, used in coining, etc.

Hub (n.) A screw hob. See Hob, 3.

Hub (n.) A block for scotching a wheel.

Hubble-bubble (n.) A tobacco pipe, so arranged that the smoke passes through water, making a bubbling noise, whence its name. In India, the bulb containing the water is often a cocoanut shell.

Hubner (n.) A mineral of brownish black color, occurring in columnar or foliated masses. It is native manganese tungstate.

Huch (n.) Alt. of Huchen

Huchen (n.) A large salmon (Salmo, / Salvelinus, hucho) inhabiting the Danube; -- called also huso, and bull trout.

Huckaback (n.) A kind of

Huckle (n.) The hip; the haunch.

Huckle (n.) A bunch or part projecting like the hip.

Huckleberry (n.) The edible black or dark blue fruit of several species of the American genus Gaylussacia, shrubs nearly related to the blueberries (Vaccinium), and formerly confused with them. The commonest huckelberry comes from G. resinosa.

Huckleberry (n.) The shrub that bears the berries. Called also whortleberry.

Huckster (n.) A retailer of small articles, of provisions, and the like; a peddler; a hawker.

Huckster (n.) A mean, trickish fellow.

Hucksterage (n.) The business of a huckster; small dealing; peddling.

Hucksterer (n.) A huckster.

Huckstress (n.) A female huckster.

Hud (n.) A huck or hull, as of a nut.

Huddle (n.) A crowd; a number of persons or things crowded together in a confused manner; tumult; confusion.

Huddler (n.) One who huddles things together.

Hudge (n.) An iron bucket for hoisting coal or ore.

Hue (n.) Color or shade of color; tint; dye.

Hue (n.) A predominant shade in a composition of primary colors; a primary color modified by combination with others.

Hue (n.) A shouting or vociferation.

Huer (n.) One who cries out or gives an alarm; specifically, a balker; a conder. See Balker.

Huff (n.) A swell of sudden anger or arrogance; a fit of disappointment and petulance or anger; a rage.

Huff (n.) A boaster; one swelled with a false opinion of his own value or importance.

Huffcap (n.) A blusterer; a bully.

Huffer (n.) A bully; a blusterer.

Huffiness (n.) The state of being huffish; petulance; bad temper.

Hug (n.) A close embrace or clasping with the arms, as in affection or in wrestling.

Hugger (n.) One who hugs or embraces.

Hugger-mugger (n.) Privacy; secrecy. Commonly in the phrase in hugger-mugger, with haste and secrecy.

Huguenot (n.) A French Protestant of the period of the religious wars in France in the 16th century.

Huguenotism (n.) The religion of the Huguenots in France.

Huisher (n.) See Usher.

Huke (n.) An outer garment worn in Europe in the Middle Ages.

Hulan (n.) See Uhlan.

Hulch (n.) A hunch.

Hulk (n.) The body of a ship or decked vessel of any kind; esp., the body of an old vessel laid by as unfit for service.

Hulk (n.) A heavy ship of clumsy build.

Hulk (n.) Anything bulky or unwieldly.

Hullabaloo (n.) A confused noise; uproar; tumult.

Huller (n.) One who, or that which, hulls; especially, an agricultural machine for removing the hulls from grain; a hulling machine.

Huloist (n.) See Hyloist.

Hulotheism (n.) See Hylotheism.

Hulver (n.) Holly, an evergreen shrub or tree.

Hum (n.) A low monotonous noise, as of bees in flight, of a swiftly revolving top, of a wheel, or the like; a drone; a buzz.

Hum (n.) Any inarticulate and buzzing sound

Hum (n.) The confused noise of a crowd or of machinery, etc., heard at a distance; as, the hum of industry.

Hum (n.) A buzz or murmur, as of approbation.

Hum (n.) An imposition or hoax.

Human (n.) A human being.

Humanics (n.) The study of human nature.

Humanism (n.) Human nature or disposition; humanity.

Humanism (n.) The study of the humanities; polite learning.

Humanist (n.) One of the scholars who in the field of literature proper represented the movement of the Renaissance, and early in the 16th century adopted the name Humanist as their distinctive title.

Humanist (n.) One who purposes the study of the humanities, or polite literature.

Humanist (n.) One versed in knowledge of human nature.

Humanitarian (n.) One who denies the divinity of Christ, and believes him to have been merely human.

Humanitarian (n.) One who limits the sphere of duties to human relations and affections, to the exclusion or disparagement of the religious or spiritual.

Humanitarian (n.) One who is actively concerned in promoting the welfare of his kind; a philanthropist.

Humanitarianism (n.) The distinctive tenet of the humanitarians in denying the divinity of Christ; also, the whole system of doctrine based upon this view of Christ.

Humanitarianism (n.) The doctrine that man's obligations are limited to, and dependent alone upon, man and the human relations.

Humanitian (n.) A humanist.

Humanity (n.) The quality of being human; the peculiar nature of man, by which he is distinguished from other beings.

Humanity (n.) Mankind collectively; the human race.

Humanity (n.) The quality of being humane; the kind feelings, dispositions, and sympathies of man; especially, a disposition to relieve persons or animals in distress, and to treat all creatures with kindness and tenderness.

Humanity (n.) Mental cultivation; liberal education; instruction in classical and polite literature.

Humanity (n.) The branches of polite or elegant learning; as language, rhetoric, poetry, and the ancient classics; belles-letters.

Humanization (n.) The act of humanizing.

Humanizer (n.) One who renders humane.

Humankind (n.) Mankind.

Humanness (n.) The quality or state of being human.

Humate (n.) A salt of humic acid.

Humation (n.) Interment; inhumation.

Humbird (n.) Humming bird.

Humblebee (n.) The bumblebee.

Humblehead (n.) Humble condition or estate; humility.

Humbleness (n.) The quality of being humble; humility; meekness.

Humbler (n.) One who, or that which, humbles some one.

Humblesse (n.) Humbleness; abasement; low obeisance.

Humbug (n.) An imposition under fair pretenses; something contrived in order to deceive and mislead; a trick by cajolery; a hoax.

Humbug (n.) A spirit of deception; cajolery; trickishness.

Humbug (n.) One who deceives or misleads; a deceitful or trickish fellow; an impostor.

Humbugger (n.) One who humbugs.

Humbuggery (n.) The practice of imposition.

Humdrum (n.) A dull fellow; a bore.

Humdrum (n.) Monotonous and tedious routine.

Humdrum (n.) A low cart with three wheels, drawn by one horse.

Humectant (n.) A diluent drink or medicine.

Humectation (n.) A moistening.

Humerus (n.) The bone of the brachium, or upper part of the arm or fore limb.

Humerus (n.) The part of the limb containing the humerus; the brachium.

Humicubation (n.) The act or practice of lying on the ground.

Humidity (n.) Moisture; dampness; a moderate degree of wetness, which is perceptible to the eye or touch; -- used especially of the atmosphere, or of anything which has absorbed moisture from the atmosphere, as clothing.

Humidness (n.) Humidity.

Humiliation (n.) The act of humiliating or humbling; abasement of pride; mortification.

Humiliation (n.) The state of being humiliated, humbled, or reduced to low

Humility (n.) The state or quality of being humble; freedom from pride and arrogance; low

Humility (n.) An act of submission or courtesy.

Humin (n.) A bitter, brownish yellow, amorphous substance, extracted from vegetable mold, and also produced by the action of acids on certain sugars and carbohydrates; -- called also humic acid, ulmin, gein, ulmic or geic acid, etc.

Humiri (n.) A fragrant balsam obtained from Brazilian trees of the genus Humirium.

Humite (n.) A mineral of a transparent vitreous brown color, found in the ejected masses of Vesuvius. It is a silicate of iron and magnesia, containing fluorine.

Hummeler (n.) One who, or a machine which, hummels.

Hummer (n.) One who, or that which, hums; one who applauds by humming.

Hummer (n.) A humming bird.

Humming (n.) A sound like that made by bees; a low, murmuring sound; a hum.

Hummock (n.) A rounded knoll or hillock; a rise of ground of no great extent, above a level surface.

Hummock (n.) A ridge or pile of ice on an ice field.

Hummock (n.) Timbered land. See Hammock.

Hummocking (n.) The process of forming hummocks in the collision of Arctic ice.

Hummum (n.) A sweating bath or place for sweating.

Humor (n.) Moisture, especially, the moisture or fluid of animal bodies, as the chyle, lymph, etc.; as, the humors of the eye, etc.

Humor (n.) A vitiated or morbid animal fluid, such as often causes an eruption on the skin.

Humor (n.) State of mind, whether habitual or temporary (as formerly supposed to depend on the character or combination of the fluids of the body); disposition; temper; mood; as, good humor; ill humor.

Humor (n.) Changing and uncertain states of mind; caprices; freaks; vagaries; whims.

Humor (n.) That quality of the imagination which gives to ideas an incongruous or fantastic turn, and tends to excite laughter or mirth by ludicrous images or representations; a playful fancy; facetiousness.

Humoralism (n.) The state or quality of being humoral.

Humoralism (n.) The doctrine that diseases proceed from the humors; humorism.

Humoralist (n.) One who favors the humoral pathology or believes in humoralism.

Humorism (n.) The theory founded on the influence which the humors were supposed to have in the production of disease; Galenism.

Humorism (n.) The manner or disposition of a humorist; humorousness.

Humorist (n.) One who attributes diseases of the state of the humors.

Humorist (n.) One who has some peculiarity or eccentricity of character, which he indulges in odd or whimsical ways.

Humorist (n.) One who displays humor in speaking or writing; one who has a facetious fancy or genius; a wag; a droll.

Humorousness (n.) Moodiness; capriciousness.

Humorousness (n.) Facetiousness; jocularity.

Humorsomeness (n.) Quality of being humorsome.

Hump (n.) A protuberance; especially, the protuberance formed by a crooked back.

Hump (n.) A fleshy protuberance on the back of an animal, as a camel or whale.

Humpback (n.) A crooked back; a humped back.

Humpback (n.) A humpbacked person; a hunchback.

Humpback (n.) Any whale of the genus Megaptera, characterized by a hump or bunch on the back. Several species are known. The most common ones in the North Atlantic are Megaptera longimana of Europe, and M. osphyia of America; that of the California coasts is M. versabilis.

Humpback (n.) A small salmon (Oncorhynchus gorbuscha), of the northwest coast of America.

Humstrum (n.) An instrument out of tune or rudely constructed; music badly played.

Humulin (n.) An extract of hops.

Humus (n.) That portion of the soil formed by the decomposition of animal or vegetable matter. It is a valuable constituent of soils.

Hun (n.) One of a warlike nomadic people of Northern Asia who, in the 5th century, under Atilla, invaded and conquered a great part of Europe.

Hunch (n.) A hump; a protuberance.

Hunch (n.) A lump; a thick piece; as, a hunch of bread.

Hunch (n.) A push or thrust, as with the elbow.

Hunchback (n.) A back with a hunch or hump; also, a hunchbacked person.

Hundred (n.) The product of ten mulitplied by ten, or the number of ten times ten; a collection or sum, consisting of ten times ten units or objects; five score. Also, a symbol representing one hundred units, as 100 or C.

Hundred (n.) A division of a country in England, supposed to have originally contained a hundred families, or freemen.

Hundreder (n.) An inhabitant or freeholder of a hundred.

Hundreder (n.) A person competent to serve on a jury, in an action for land in the hundred to which he belongs.

Hundreder (n.) One who has the jurisdiction of a hundred; and sometimes, a bailiff of a hundred.

Hundredfold (n.) A hundred times as much or as many.

Hundredth (n.) One of a hundred equal parts into which one whole is, or may be, divided; the quotient of a unit divided by a hundred.

Hundredweight (n.) A denomination of weight, containing 100, 112, or 120 pounds avoirdupois, according to differing laws or customs. By the legal standard of England it is 112 pounds. In most of the United States, both in practice and by law, it is 100 pounds avoirdupois, the corresponding ton of 2,000 pounds, sometimes called the short ton, being the legal ton.

Hungarian (n.) A native or one of the people of Hungary.

Hungary (n.) A country in Central Europe, now a part of the Austro-Hungarian Empire.

Hunger (n.) An uneasy sensation occasioned normally by the want of food; a craving or desire for food.

Hunger (n.) Any strong eager desire.

Hunger (n.) To feel the craving or uneasiness occasioned by want of food; to be oppressed by hunger.

Hunger (n.) To have an eager desire; to long.

Hungerer (n.) One who hungers; one who longs.

Hunk (n.) A large lump or piece; a hunch; as, a hunk of bread.

Hunker (n.) Originally, a nickname for a member of the conservative section of the Democratic party in New York; hence, one opposed to progress in general; a fogy.

Hunkerism (n.) Excessive conservatism; hostility to progress.

Hunks (n.) A covetous, sordid man; a miser; a niggard.

Hunt (n.) The act or practice of chasing wild animals; chase; pursuit; search.

Hunt (n.) The game secured in the hunt.

Hunt (n.) A pack of hounds.

Hunt (n.) An association of huntsmen.

Hunt (n.) A district of country hunted over.

Hunt-counter (n.) A worthless dog that runs back on the scent; a blunderer.

Hunte (n.) A hunter.

Hunter (n.) One who hunts wild animals either for sport or for food; a huntsman.

Hunter (n.) A dog that scents game, or is trained to the chase; a hunting dog.

Hunter (n.) A horse used in the chase; especially, a thoroughbred, bred and trained for hunting.

Hunter (n.) One who hunts or seeks after anything, as if for game; as, a fortune hunter a place hunter.

Hunter (n.) A kind of spider. See Hunting spider, under Hunting.

Hunter (n.) A hunting watch, or one of which the crystal is protected by a metallic cover.

Hunting (n.) The pursuit of game or of wild animals.

Huntress (n.) A woman who hunts or follows the chase; as, the huntress Diana.

Huntsman (n.) One who hunts, or who practices hunting.

Huntsman (n.) The person whose office it is to manage the chase or to look after the hounds.

Huntsmanship (n.) The art or practice of hunting, or the qualification of a hunter.

Hunt's-up (n.) A tune played on the horn very early in the morning to call out the hunters; hence, any arousing sound or call.

Hurden (n.) A coarse kind of

Hurdle (n.) A movable frame of wattled twigs, osiers, or withes and stakes, or sometimes of iron, used for inclosing land, for folding sheep and cattle, for gates, etc.; also, in fortification, used as revetments, and for other purposes.

Hurdle (n.) In England, a sled or crate on which criminals were formerly drawn to the place of execution.

Hurdle (n.) An artificial barrier, variously constructed, over which men or horses leap in a race.

Hurdlework (n.) Work after manner of a hurdle.

Hurds (n.) The coarse part of flax or hemp; hards.

Hurdy-gurdy (n.) A stringled instrument, lutelike in shape, in which the sound is produced by the friction of a wheel turned by a crank at the end, instead of by a bow, two of the strings being tuned as drones, while two or more, tuned in unison, are modulated by keys.

Hurdy-gurdy (n.) In California, a water wheel with radial buckets, driven by the impact of a jet.

Hurkaru (n.) In India, a running footman; a messenger.

Hurl (n.) The act of hurling or throwing with violence; a cast; a fling.

Hurl (n.) Tumult; riot; hurly-burly.

Hurl (n.) A table on which fiber is stirred and mixed by beating with a bowspring.

Hurlbat (n.) See Whirlbat.

Hurlbone (n.) See Whirlbone.

Hurlbone (n.) A bone near the middle of the buttock of a horse.

Hurler (n.) One who hurls, or plays at hurling.

Hurling (n.) The act of throwing with force.

Hurling (n.) A kind of game at ball, formerly played.

Hurlwind (n.) A whirlwind.

Hurly (n.) Noise; confusion; uproar.

Hurly-burly (n.) Tumult; bustle; confusion.

Huron-Iroquous (n.) A linguistic group of warlike North American Indians, belonging to the same stock as the Algonquins, and including several tribes, among which were the Five Nations. They formerly occupied the region about Lakes Erie and Ontario, and the larger part of New York.

Hurrah (n.) A cheer; a shout of joy, etc.

Hurricane (n.) A violent storm, characterized by extreme fury and sudden changes of the wind, and generally accompanied by rain, thunder, and lightning; -- especially prevalent in the East and West Indies. Also used figuratively.

Hurricano (n.) A waterspout; a hurricane.

Hurrier (n.) One who hurries or urges.

Hurries (n.) A staith or framework from which coal is discharged from cars into vessels.

Hurry (n.) The act of hurrying in motion or business; pressure; urgency; bustle; confusion.

Hurst (n.) A wood or grove; -- a word used in the composition of many names, as in Hazlehurst.

Hurt (n.) A band on a trip-hammer helve, bearing the trunnions.

Hurt (n.) A husk. See Husk, 2.

Hurter (n.) A bodily injury causing pain; a wound, bruise, or the like.

Hurter (n.) An injury causing pain of mind or conscience; a slight; a stain; as of sin.

Hurter (n.) Injury; damage; detriment; harm; mischief.

Hurter (n.) One who hurts or does harm.

Hurtleberry (n.) See Whortleberry.

Husband (n.) The male head of a household; one who orders the economy of a family.

Husband (n.) A cultivator; a tiller; a husbandman.

Husband (n.) One who manages or directs with prudence and economy; a frugal person; an economist.

Husband (n.) A married man; a man who has a wife; -- the correlative to wife.

Husband (n.) The male of a pair of animals.

Husbandage (n.) The commission or compensation allowed to a ship's husband.

Husbandman (n.) The master of a family.

Husbandman (n.) A farmer; a cultivator or tiller of the ground.

Husbandry (n.) Care of domestic affairs; economy; domestic management; thrift.

Husbandry (n.) The business of a husbandman, comprehending the various branches of agriculture; farming.

Hush (n.) Stillness; silence; quiet.

Husher (n.) An usher.

Hushing (n.) The process of washing ore, or of uncovering mineral veins, by a heavy discharge of water from a reservoir; flushing; -- also called booming.

Husk (n.) The external covering or envelope of certain fruits or seeds; glume; hull; rind; in the United States, especially applied to the covering of the ears of maize.

Husk (n.) The supporting frame of a run of millstones.

Huskiness (n.) The state of being husky.

Huskiness (n.) Roughness of sound; harshness; hoarseness; as, huskiness of voice.

Husking (n.) The act or process of stripping off husks, as from Indian corn.

Husking (n.) A meeting of neighbors or friends to assist in husking maize; -- called also

Husky (n.) Abounding with husks; consisting of husks.

Huso (n.) A large European sturgeon (Acipenser huso), inhabiting the region of the Black and Caspian Seas. It sometimes attains a length of more than twelve feet, and a weight of two thousand pounds. Called also hausen.

Huso (n.) The huchen, a large salmon.

Hussar (n.) Originally, one of the national cavalry of Hungary and Croatia; now, one of the light cavalry of European armies.

Hussite (n.) A follower of John Huss, the Bohemian reformer, who was adjudged a heretic and burnt alive in 1415.

Hussy (n.) A housewife or housekeeper.

Hussy (n.) A worthless woman or girl; a forward wench; a jade; -- used as a term of contempt or reproach.

Hussy (n.) A pert girl; a frolicsome or sportive young woman; -- used jocosely.

Hussy (n.) A case or bag. See Housewife, 2.

Huswife (n.) A female housekeeper; a woman who manages domestic affairs; a thirfty woman.

Huswife (n.) A worthless woman; a hussy.

Huswife (n.) A case for sewing materials. See Housewife.

Huswifery (n.) The business of a housewife; female domestic economy and skill.

Hut (n.) A small house, hivel, or cabin; a mean lodge or dwelling; a slightly built or temporary structure.

Hutch (n.) A chest, box, coffer, bin, coop, or the like, in which things may be stored, or animals kept; as, a grain hutch; a rabbit hutch.

Hutch (n.) A measure of two Winchester bushels.

Hutch (n.) The case of a flour bolt.

Hutch (n.) A car on low wheels, in which coal is drawn in the mine and hoisted out of the pit.

Hutch (n.) A jig for washing ore.

Hutchunsonian (n.) A follower of John Hutchinson of Yorkshire, England, who believed that the Hebrew Scriptures contained a complete system of natural science and of theology.

Huzza (n.) A shout of huzza; a cheer; a hurrah.

Hyacine (n.) A hyacinth.

Hyacinth (n.) A bulbous plant of the genus Hyacinthus, bearing beautiful spikes of fragrant flowers. H. orientalis is a common variety.

Hyacinth (n.) A plant of the genus Camassia (C. Farseri), called also Eastern camass; wild hyacinth.

Hyacinth (n.) The name also given to Scilla Peruviana, a Mediterranean plant, one variety of which produces white, and another blue, flowers; -- called also, from a mistake as to its origin, Hyacinth of Peru.

Hyacinth (n.) A red variety of zircon, sometimes used as a gem. See Zircon.

Hyaena (n.) Same as Hyena.

Hyalea (n.) A pteroid of the genus Cavolina. See Pteropoda, and Illustration in Appendix.

Hyalescence (n.) The process of becoming, or the state of being, transparent like glass.




Hyalite (n.) A pellucid variety of opal in globules looking like colorless gum or resin; -- called also Muller's glass.

Hyalograph (n.) An instrument for tracing designs on glass.

Hyalography (n.) Art of writing or engraving on glass.

Hyalonema (n.) A genus of hexactinel

Hyalophane (n.) A species of the feldspar group containing barium. See Feldspar.

Hyalotype (n.) A photographic picture copied from the negative on glass; a photographic transparency.

Hybodus (n.) An extinct genus of sharks having conical, compressed teeth.

Hybrid (n.) The offspring of the union of two distinct species; an animal or plant produced from the mixture of two species. See Mongrel.

Hybridism (n.) The state or quality of being hybrid.

Hybridist (n.) One who hybridizes.

Hybridity (n.) Hybridism.

Hybridization (n.) The act of hybridizing, or the state of being hybridized.

Hybridizer (n.) One who hybridizes.

Hydage (n.) A land tax. See Hidage.

Hydantoin (n.) A derivative of urea, C3H4N2O2, obtained from allantion, as a white, crystal

Hydatid (n.) A membranous sac or bladder filled with a pellucid fluid, found in various parts of the bodies of animals, but unconnected with the tissues. It is usually formed by parasitic worms, esp. by larval tapeworms, as Echinococcus and Coenurus. See these words in the Vocabulary.

Hydra (n.) A serpent or monster in the lake or marsh of Lerna, in the Peloponnesus, represented as having many heads, one of which, when cut off, was immediately succeeded by two others, unless the wound was cauterized. It was slain by Hercules. Hence, a terrible monster.

Hydra (n.) Hence: A multifarious evil, or an evil having many sources; not to be overcome by a single effort.

Hydra (n.) Any small fresh-water hydroid of the genus Hydra, usually found attached to sticks, stones, etc., by a basal sucker.

Hydra (n.) A southern constellation of great length lying southerly from Cancer, Leo, and Virgo.

Hydrachnid (n.) An aquatic mite of the genus Hydrachna. The hydrachnids, while young, are parasitic on fresh-water mussels.

Hydracid (n.) An acid containing hydrogen; -- sometimes applied to distinguish acids like hydrochloric, hydrofluoric, and the like, which contain no oxygen, from the oxygen acids or oxacids. See Acid.

Hydractinian (n.) Any species or marine hydroids, of the genus Hydractinia and allied genera. These hydroids form, by their rootstalks, a firm, chitinous coating on shells and stones, and esp. on spiral shells occupied by hermit crabs. See Illust. of Athecata.

Hydraemia (n.) An abnormally watery state of the blood; anaemia.

Hydragogue (n.) A hydragogue medicine, usually a cathartic or diuretic.

Hydramide (n.) One of a group of crystal

Hydramine (n.) One of a series of artificial, organic bases, usually produced as thick viscous liquids by the action of ammonia on ethylene oxide. They have the properties both of alcohol and amines.

Hydrangea (n.) A genus of shrubby plants bearing opposite leaves and large heads of showy flowers, white, or of various colors. H. hortensis, the common garden species, is a native of China or Japan.

Hydrant (n.) A discharge pipe with a valve and spout at which water may be drawn from the mains of waterworks; a water plug.

Hydranth (n.) One of the nutritive zooids of a hydroid colony. Also applied to the proboscis or manubrium of a hydroid medusa. See Illust. of Hydroidea.

Hydrargochloride (n.) A compound of the bichloride of mercury with another chloride.

Hydrargyrism (n.) A diseased condition produced by poisoning with hydrargyrum, or mercury; mercurialism.

Hydrargyrum (n.) Quicksilver; mercury.

Hydrarthrosis (n.) An effusion of watery liquid into the cavity of a joint.

Hydrastine (n.) An alkaloid, found in the rootstock of the golden seal (Hydrastis Canadensis), and extracted as a bitter, white, crystal

Hydrate (n.) A compound formed by the union of water with some other substance, generally forming a neutral body, as certain crystallized salts.

Hydrate (n.) A substance which does not contain water as such, but has its constituents (hydrogen, oxygen, hydroxyl) so arranged that water may be eliminated; hence, a derivative of, or compound with, hydroxyl; hydroxide; as, ethyl hydrate, or common alcohol; calcium hydrate, or slaked lime.

Hydration (n.) The act of becoming, or state of being, a hydrate.

Hydraulicon (n.) An ancient musical instrument played by the action of water; a water organ.

Hydraulics (n.) That branch of science, or of engineering, which treats of fluids in motion, especially of water, its action in rivers and canals, the works and machinery for conducting or raising it, its use as a prime mover, and the like.

Hydrazine (n.) Any one of a series of nitrogenous bases, resembling the amines and produced by the reduction of certain nitroso and diazo compounds; as, methyl hydrazine, phenyl hydrazine, etc. They are derivatives of hydrazine proper, H2N.NH2, which is a doubled amido group, recently (1887) isolated as a stable, colorless gas, with a peculiar, irritating odor. As a base it forms distinct salts. Called also diamide, amidogen, (or more properly diamidogen), etc.

Hydria (n.) A water jar; esp., one with a large rounded body, a small neck, and three handles. Some of the most beautiful Greek vases are of this form.

Hydriad (n.) A water nymph.

Hydride (n.) A compound of the binary type, in which hydrogen is united with some other element.

Hydriodate (n.) Same as Hydriodide.

Hydriodide (n.) A compound of hydriodic acid with a base; -- distinguished from an iodide, in which only the iodine combines with the base.

Hydrobarometer (n.) An instrument for determining the depth of the sea water by its pressure.

Hydrobilirubin (n.) A body formed from bilirubin, identical with urobilin.

Hydrobromate (n.) Same as Hydrobromide.

Hydrobromide (n.) A compound of hydrobromic acid with a base; -- distinguished from a bromide, in which only the bromine unites with the base.

Hydrocarbon (n.) A compound containing only hydrogen and carbon, as methane, benzene, etc.; also, by extension, any of their derivatives.

Hydrocarbonate (n.) A hydrocarbon.

Hydrocarbonate (n.) A hydrous carbonate, as malachite.

Hydrocarbostyril (n.) A white, crystal

Hydrocarburet (n.) Carbureted hydrogen; also, a hydrocarbon.

Hydrocaulus (n.) The hollow stem of a hydroid, either simple or branched. See Illust. of Gymnoblastea and Hydroidea.

Hydrocele (n.) A collection of serous fluid in the areolar texture of the scrotum or in the coverings, especially in the serous sac, investing the testicle or the spermatic cord; dropsy of the testicle.

Hydrocephalus (n.) An accumulation of liquid within the cavity of the cranium, especially within the ventricles of the brain; dropsy of the brain. It is due usually to tubercular meningitis. When it occurs in infancy, it often enlarges the head enormously.

Hydrochlorate (n.) Same as Hydrochloride.

Hydrochloride (n.) A compound of hydrochloric acid with a base; -- distinguished from a chloride, where only chlorine unites with the base.

Hydrocyanate (n.) See Hydrocyanide.

Hydrocyanide (n.) A compound of hydrocyanic acid with a base; -- distinguished from a cyanide, in which only the cyanogen so combines.

Hydrodynamics (n.) That branch of the science of mechanics which relates to fluids, or, as usually limited, which treats of the laws of motion and action of nonelastic fluids, whether as investigated mathematically, or by observation and experiment; the principles of dynamics, as applied to water and other fluids.

Hydrodynamometer (n.) An instrument to measure the velocity of a liquid current by the force of its impact.

Hydro-extractor (n.) An apparatus for drying anything, as yarn, cloth, sugar, etc., by centrifugal force; a centrifugal.

Hydroferricyanic (n.) Pertaining to, or containing, or obtained from, hydrogen, ferric iron, and cyanogen; as, hydroferricyanic acid. See Ferricyanic.

Hydrofluate (n.) A supposed compound of hydrofluoris acid and a base; a fluoride.

Hydrofluosilicate (n.) A salt of hydrofluosilic acid; a silicofluoride. See Silicofluoride.

Hydrogen (n.) A gaseous element, colorless, tasteless, and odorless, the lightest known substance, being fourteen and a half times lighter than air (hence its use in filling balloons), and over eleven thousand times lighter than water. It is very abundant, being an ingredient of water and of many other substances, especially those of animal or vegetable origin. It may by produced in many ways, but is chiefly obtained by the action of acids (as sulphuric) on metals, as zinc, iron, etc. It is>

Hydrogenation (n.) The act of combining with hydrogen, or the state of being so combined.

Hydrogenide (n.) A binary compound containing hydrogen; a hydride. [R.] See Hydride.

Hydrogenium (n.) Hydrogen; -- called also in view of its supposed metallic nature.

Hydrognosy (n.) A treatise upon, or a history and description of, the water of the earth.

Hydrogode (n.) The negative pole or cathode.

Hydrographer (n.) One skilled in the hydrography; one who surveys, or draws maps or charts of, the sea, lakes, or other waters, with the adjacent shores; one who describes the sea or other waters.

Hydrography (n.) The art of measuring and describing the sea, lakes, rivers, and other waters, with their phenomena.

Hydrography (n.) That branch of surveying which embraces the determination of the contour of the bottom of a harbor or other sheet of water, the depth of soundings, the position of channels and shoals, with the construction of charts exhibiting these particulars.

Hydroguret (n.) A hydride.

Hydroid (n.) One of the Hydroideas.

Hydrologist (n.) One skilled in hydrology.

Hydrology (n.) The science of water, its properties, phenomena, and distribution over the earth's surface.

Hydromagnesite (n.) A hydrous carbonate of magnesia occurring in white, early, amorphous masses.

Hydromancy (n.) Divination by means of water, -- practiced by the ancients.

Hydromechanics (n.) That branch of physics which treats of the mechanics of liquids, or of their laws of equilibrium and of motion.

Hydromedusa (n.) Any medusa or jellyfish which is produced by budding from a hydroid. They are called also Craspedota, and naked-eyed medusae.

Hydromel (n.) A liquor consisting of honey diluted in water, and after fermentation called mead.

Hydrometallurgy (n.) The art or process of assaying or reducing ores by means of liquid reagents.

Hydrometeor (n.) A meteor or atmospheric phenomenon dependent upon the vapor of water; -- in the pl., a general term for the whole aqueous phenomena of the atmosphere, as rain, snow, hail, etc.

Hydrometeorology (n.) That branch of meteorology which relates to, or treats of, water in the atmosphere, or its phenomena, as rain, clouds, snow, hail, storms, etc.

Hydrometer (n.) An instrument for determining the specific gravities of liquids, and thence the strength spirituous liquors, sa

Hydrometer (n.) An instrument, variously constructed, used for measuring the velocity or discharge of water, as in rivers, from reservoirs, etc., and called by various specific names according to its construction or use, as tachometer, rheometer, hydrometer, pendulum, etc.; a current gauge.

Hydrometrograph (n.) An instrument for determining and recording the quantity of water discharged from a pipe, orifice, etc., in a given time.

Hydrometry (n.) The art of determining the specific gravity of liquids, and thence the strength of spirituous liquors, sa

Hydrometry (n.) The art or operation of measuring the velocity or discharge of running water, as in rivers, etc.

Hydromica (n.) A variety of potash mica containing water. It is less elastic than ordinary muscovite.

Hydronephrosis (n.) An accumulation of urine in the pelvis of the kidney, occasioned by obstruction in the urinary passages.

Hydropath (n.) A hydropathist.

Hydropathist (n.) One who practices hydropathy; a water-cure doctor.

Hydropathy (n.) The water cure; a mode of treating diseases by the copious and frequent use of pure water, both internally and externally.

Hydroperitoneum (n.) Same as Ascites.

Hydrophane (n.) A semitranslucent variety of opal that becomes translucent or transparent on immersion in water.

Hydrophid (n.) Any sea snake of the genus Hydrophys and allied genera. These snakes are venomous, live upon fishes, and have a flattened tail for swimming.

Hydrophlorone (n.) A white, crystal

Hydrophobia (n.) An abnormal dread of water, said to be a symptom of canine madness; hence:

Hydrophobia (n.) The disease caused by a bite form, or inoculation with the saliva of, a rabid creature, of which the chief symptoms are, a sense of dryness and construction in the throat, causing difficulty in deglutition, and a marked heightening of reflex excitability, producing convulsions whenever the patient attempts to swallow, or is disturbed in any way, as by the sight or sound of water; rabies; canine madness.

Hydrophoby (n.) See Hydrophobia.

Hydrophore (n.) An instrument used for the purpose of obtaining specimens of water from any desired depth, as in a river, a lake, or the ocean.

Hydrophyllium (n.) One of the flat, leaflike, protective zooids, covering other zooids of certain Siphonophora.

Hydrophyte (n.) An aquatic plant; an alga.

Hydrophytology (n.) The branch of botany which treats of water plants.

Hydropiper (n.) A species (Polygonum Hydropiper) of knotweed with acrid foliage; water pepper; smartweed.

Hydropsy (n.) Same as Dropsy.

Hydropult (n.) A machine for throwing water by hand power, as a garden engine, a fire extinguisher, etc.

Hydroquinone (n.) A white crystal

Hydrorhiza (n.) The rootstock or decumbent stem by which a hydroid is attached to other objects. See Illust. under Hydroidea.

Hydrosalt (n.) A salt supposed to be formed by a hydracid and a base.

Hydrosalt (n.) An acid salt.

Hydrosalt (n.) A hydrous salt; a salt combined with water of hydration or crystallization.

Hydroscope (n.) An instrument designed to mark the presence of water, especially in air.

Hydroscope (n.) A kind of water clock, used anciently for measuring time, the water tricking from an orifice at the end of a graduated tube.

Hydrosome (n.) Alt. of Hydrosoma

Hydrosoma (n.) All the zooids of a hydroid colony collectively, including the nutritive and reproductive zooids, and often other kinds.

Hydrostat (n.) A contrivance or apparatus to prevent the explosion of steam boilers.

Hydrostatician (n.) One who is versed or skilled in hydrostatics.

Hydrostatics (n.) The branch of science which relates to the pressure and equilibrium of nonelastic fluids, as water, mercury, etc.; the principles of statics applied to water and other liquids.

Hydrosulphate (n.) Same as Hydrosulphurent.

Hydrosulphide (n.) One of a series of compounds, derived from hydrogen sulphide by the replacement of half its hydrogen by a base or basic radical; as, potassium hydrosulphide, KSH. The hydrosulphides are analogous to the hydrates and include the mercaptans.

Hydrosulphite (n.) A sa

Hydrosulphuret (n.) A hydrosulphide.

Hydrotellurate (n.) A salt formed by the union of hydrotelluric acid and the base.

Hydrotheca (n.) One of the calicles which, in some Hydroidea (Thecaphora), protect the hydrants. See Illust. of Hydroidea, and Campanularian.

Hydrotherapy (n.) See Hydropathy.

Hydrothorax (n.) An accumulation of serous fluid in the cavity of the chest.

Hydrotic (n.) A hydrotic medicine.

Hydrotrope (n.) A device for raising water by the direct action of steam; a pulsometer.

Hydrotropism (n.) A tendency towards moisture.

Hydroxanthane (n.) A persulphocyanate.

Hydroxide (n.) A hydrate; a substance containing hydrogen and oxygen, made by combining water with an oxide, and yielding water by elimination. The hydroxides are regarded as compounds of hydroxyl, united usually with basic element or radical; as, calcium hydroxide ethyl hydroxide.

Hydroxyl (n.) A compound radical, or unsaturated group, HO, consisting of one atom of hydrogen and one of oxygen. It is a characteristic part of the hydrates, the alcohols, the oxygen acids, etc.

Hydroxylamine (n.) A nitrogenous, organic base, NH2.OH, resembling ammonia, and produced by a modified reduction of nitric acid. It is usually obtained as a volatile, unstable solution in water. It acts as a strong reducing agent.

Hydrozoon (n.) One of the Hydrozoa.

Hydruret (n.) A binary compound of hydrogen; a hydride.

Hydrus (n.) A constellation of the southern hemisphere, near the south pole.

Hyemation (n.) The passing of a winter in a particular place; a wintering.

Hyemation (n.) The act of affording shelter in winter.

Hyen (n.) A hyena.

Hyena (n.) Any carnivorous mammal of the family Hyaenidae, of which three living species are known. They are large and strong, but cowardly. They feed chiefly on carrion, and are nocturnal in their habits.

Hyetograph (n.) A chart or graphic representation of the average distribution of rain over the surface of the earth.

Hyetography (n.) The branch of physical science which treats of the geographical distribution of rain.

Hygeia (n.) The goddess of health, daughter of Esculapius.

Hygeist (n.) One skilled in hygiena; a hygienist.

Hygieist (n.) A hygienist.

Hygiene (n.) That department of sanitary science which treats of the preservation of health, esp. of households and communities; a system of principles or rules designated for the promotion of health.

Hygienics (n.) The science of health; hygiene.

Hygienism (n.) Hygiene.

Hygienist (n.) One versed in hygiene.

Hygiology (n.) A treatise on, or the science of, the preservation of health.

Hygrine (n.) An alkaloid associated with cocaine in coca leaves (Erythroxylon coca), and extracted as a thick, yellow oil, having a pungent taste and odor.

Hygrodeik (n.) A form of hygrometer having wet and dry bulb thermometers, with an adjustable index showing directly the percentage of moisture in the air, etc.

Hygrograph (n.) An instrument for recording automatically the variations of the humidity of the atmosphere.

Hygrology (n.) The science which treats of the fluids of the body.

Hygrometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the degree of moisture of the atmosphere.

Hygrometry (n.) That branch of physics which relates to the determination of the humidity of bodies, particularly of the atmosphere, with the theory and use of the instruments constructed for this purpose.

Hygroplasm (n.) The fluid portion of the cell protoplasm, in opposition to stereoplasm, the solid or insoluble portion. The latter is supposed to be partly nutritive and partly composed of idioplasm.

Hygroscope (n.) An instrument which shows whether there is more or less moisture in the atmosphere, without indicating its amount.

Hygroscopicity (n.) The property possessed by vegetable tissues of absorbing or discharging moisture according to circumstances.

Hygrostatics (n.) The science or art of comparing or measuring degrees of moisture.

Hyke (n.) See Haik, and Huke.

Hylaeosaur (n.) Alt. of Hylaeosaurus

Hylaeosaurus (n.) A large Wealden dinosaur from the Tilgate Forest, England. It was about twenty feet long, protected by bony plates in the skin, and armed with spines.

Hyleosaur (n.) Same as Hylaeosaur.

Hylicist (n.) A philosopher who treats chiefly of matter; one who adopts or teaches hylism.

Hylism (n.) A theory which regards matter as the original principle of evil.

Hylobate (n.) Any species of the genus Hylobates; a gibbon, or long-armed ape. See Gibbon.

Hylodes (n.) The piping frog (Hyla Pickeringii), a small American tree frog, which in early spring, while breeding in swamps and ditches, sings with high, shrill, but musical, notes.

Hyloism (n.) Same as Hylotheism.

Hyloist (n.) Same as Hylotheist.

Hylopathism (n.) The doctrine that matter is sentient.

Hylopathist (n.) One who believes in hylopathism.

Hylotheism (n.) The doctrine of belief that matter is God, or that there is no God except matter and the universe; pantheism. See Materialism.

Hylotheist (n.) One who believes in hylotheism.

Hylozoism (n.) The doctrine that matter possesses a species of life and sensation, or that matter and life are inseparable.

Hylozoist (n.) A believer in hylozoism.

Hymar (n.) The wild ass of Persia.

Hymen (n.) A fold of muscous membrane often found at the orifice of the vagina; the vaginal membrane.

Hymen (n.) A fabulous deity; according to some, the son of Apollo and Urania, according to others, of Bacchus and Venus. He was the god of marriage, and presided over nuptial solemnities.

Hymen (n.) Marriage; union as if by marriage.

Hymeneal (n.) Alt. of Hymenean

Hymenean (n.) Of or pertaining to marriage; as, hymeneal rites.

Hymeneal (n.) Alt. of Hymenean

Hymenean (n.) A marriage song.

Hymenium (n.) The spore-bearing surface of certain fungi, as that on the gills of a mushroom.

Hymenogeny (n.) The production of artificial membranes by contact of two fluids, as albumin and fat, by which the globules of the latter are surrounded by a thin film of the former.

Hymenophore (n.) That part of a fungus which is covered with the hymenium.

Hymenopter (n.) One of the Hymenoptera.

Hymenopteran (n.) One of the Hymenoptera.

Hymn (n.) An ode or song of praise or adoration; especially, a religious ode, a sacred lyric; a song of praise or thankgiving intended to be used in religious service; as, the Homeric hymns; Watts' hymns.

Hymnal (n.) A collection of hymns; a hymn book.

Hymning (n.) The singing of hymns.

Hymnist (n.) A writer of hymns.

Hymnody (n.) Hymns, considered collectively; hymnology.

Hymnographer (n.) One who writes on the subject of hymns.

Hymnographer (n.) A writer or composed of hymns.

Hymnography (n.) The art or act of composing hymns.

Hymnologist (n.) A composer or compiler of hymns; one versed in hymnology.

Hymnology (n.) The hymns or sacred lyrics composed by authors of a particular country or period; as, the hymnology of the eighteenth century; also, the collective body of hymns used by any particular church or religious body; as, the Anglican hymnology.

Hymnology (n.) A knowledge of hymns; a treatise on hymns.

Hympne (n.) A hymn.

Hyne (n.) A servant. See Hine.

Hyoglossus (n.) A flat muscle on either side of the tongue, connecting it with the hyoid bone.

Hyoid (n.) The hyoid bone.

Hyomandibular (n.) The hyomandibular bone or cartilage.

Hyopastron (n.) The second lateral plate in the plastron of turtles; -- called also hyosternum.

Hyoscine (n.) An alkaloid found with hyoscyamine (with which it is also isomeric) in henbane, and extracted as a white, amorphous, semisolid substance.

Hyoscyamine (n.) An alkaloid found in henbane (Hyoscyamus niger), and regarded as its active principle. It is also found with other alkaloids in the thorn apple and deadly nightshade. It is extracted as a white crystal

Hyoscyamus (n.) A genus of poisonous plants of the Nightshade family; henbane.

Hyoscyamus (n.) The leaves of the black henbane (Hyoscyamus niger), used in neuralgic and pectorial troubles.

Hyosternum (n.) See Hyoplastron.

Hyp (n.) An abbreviation of hypochonaria; -- usually in plural.

Hypallage (n.) A figure consisting of a transference of attributes from their proper subjects to other. Thus Virgil says, "dare classibus austros," to give the winds to the fleets, instead of dare classibus austris, to give the fleets to the winds.

Hypanthium (n.) A fruit consisting in large part of a receptacle, enlarged below the calyx, as in the Calycanthus, the rose hip, and the pear.

Hypapophysis (n.) A process, or other element, of a vertebra developed from the ventral side of the centrum, as haemal spines, and chevron bones.

Hypaspist (n.) A shield-bearer or armor-bearer.

Hyperaemia (n.) A superabundance or congestion of blood in an organ or part of the body.

Hyperaesthesia (n.) A state of exalted or morbidly increased sensibility of the body, or of a part of it.

Hyperapophysis (n.) A lateral and backward-projecting process on the dorsal side of a vertebra.

Hyperaspist (n.) One who holds a shield over another; hence, a defender.

Hyperbaton (n.) A figurative construction, changing or inverting the natural order of words or clauses; as, "echoed the hills" for "the hills echoed."

Hyperbola (n.) A curve formed by a section of a cone, when the cutting plane makes a greater angle with the base than the side of the cone makes. It is a plane curve such that the difference of the distances from any point of it to two fixed points, called foci, is equal to a given distance. See Focus. If the cutting plane be produced so as to cut the opposite cone, another curve will be formed, which is also an hyperbola. Both curves are regarded as branches of the same hyperbola. See Illu>

Hyperbole (n.) A figure of speech in which the expression is an evident exaggeration of the meaning intended to be conveyed, or by which things are represented as much greater or less, better or worse, than they really are; a statement exaggerated fancifully, through excitement, or for effect.

Hyperbolism (n.) The use of hyperbole.

Hyperbolist (n.) One who uses hyperboles.

Hyperboloid (n.) A surface of the second order, which is cut by certain planes in hyperbolas; also, the solid, bounded in part by such a surface.

Hyperborean (n.) One of the people who lived beyond the North wind, in a land of perpetual sunshine.

Hyperborean (n.) An inhabitant of the most northern regions.

Hyperchromatism (n.) The condition of having an unusual intensity of color.

Hypercritic (n.) One who is critical beyond measure or reason; a carping critic; a captious censor.

Hypercriticism (n.) Excessive criticism, or unjust severity or rigor of criticism; zoilism.

Hyperdicrotism (n.) A hyperdicrotic condition.

Hyperdulia (n.) Veneration or worship given to the Virgin Mary as the most exalted of mere creatures; higher veneration than dulia.

Hyperduly (n.) Hyperdulia.

Hyperesthesia (n.) Same as Hyperaesthesia.

Hypericum (n.) A genus of plants, generally with dotted leaves and yellow flowers; -- called also St. John's-wort.

Hyperinosis (n.) A condition of the blood, characterized by an abnormally large amount of fibrin, as in many inflammatory diseases.

Hyperion (n.) The god of the sun; in the later mythology identified with Apollo, and distinguished for his beauty.

Hyperkinesis (n.) Abnormally increased muscular movement; spasm.

Hypermetamorphosis (n.) A kind of metamorphosis, in certain insects, in which the larva itself undergoes remarkable changes of form and structure during its growth.

Hypermeter (n.) A verse which has a redundant syllable or foot; a hypercatalectic verse.

Hypermeter (n.) Hence, anything exceeding the ordinary standard.

Hypermetropia (n.) Alt. of Hypermetropy

Hypermetropy (n.) A condition of the eye in which, through shortness of the eyeball or fault of the refractive media, the rays of light come to a focus behind the retina; farsightedness; -- called also hyperopia. Cf. Emmetropia.

Hypermyriorama (n.) A show or exhibition having a great number of scenes or views.

Hyperopia (n.) Hypermetropia.

Hyperorthodoxy (n.) Orthodoxy pushed to excess.

Hyperoxide (n.) A compound having a relatively large percentage of oxygen; a peroxide.

Hyperoxymuriate (n.) A perchlorate.

Hyperplasia (n.) An increase in, or excessive growth of, the normal elements of any part.

Hypernoea (n.) Abnormal breathing, due to slightly deficient arterialization of the blood; -- in distinction from eupnoea. See Eupnoea, and Dispnoea.

Hyperpyrexia (n.) A condition of excessive fever; an elevation of temperature in a disease, in excess of the limit usually observed in that disease.

Hypersecretion (n.) Morbid or excessive secretion, as in catarrh.

Hypersensibility (n.) See Hyperaesthesia.

Hyperspace (n.) An imagined space having more than three dimensions.

Hypersthene (n.) An orthorhombic mineral of the pyroxene group, of a grayish or greenish black color, often with a peculiar bronzelike luster (schiller) on the cleavage surface.

Hyperthyrion (n.) That part of the architrave which is over a door or window.

Hypertrophy (n.) A condition of overgrowth or excessive development of an organ or part; -- the opposite of atrophy.

Hyphen (n.) A mark or short dash, thus [-], placed at the end of a

Hypinosis (n.) A diminution in the normal amount of fibrin present in the blood.

Hypnobate (n.) A somnambulist.

Hypnocyst (n.) A cyst in which some unicellular organisms temporarily inclose themselves, from which they emerge unchanged, after a period of drought or deficiency of food. In some instances, a process of spore formation seems to occur within such cysts.

Hypnologist (n.) One who is versed in hypnology.

Hypnology (n.) A treatise on sleep; the doctrine of sleep.

Hypnosis (n.) Supervention of sleep.

Hypnotic (n.) Any agent that produces, or tends to produce, sleep; an opiate; a soporific; a narcotic.

Hypnotic (n.) A person who exhibits the phenomena of, or is subject to, hypnotism.

Hypnotism (n.) A form of sleep or somnambulism brought on by artificial means, in which there is an unusual suspension of some powers, and an unusual activity of others. It is induced by an action upon the nerves, through the medium of the senses, as in persons of very feeble organization, by gazing steadly at a very bright object held before the eyes, or by pressure upon certain points of the surface of the body.

Hypnotization (n.) The act or process of producing hypnotism.

Hypnotizer (n.) One who hypnotizes.

Hypnum (n.) The largest genus of true mosses; feather moss.

Hypo (n.) Hypochondria.

Hypo (n.) Sodium hyposulphite, or thiosulphate, a solution of which is used as a bath to wash out the unchanged silver salts in a picture.

Hypoarion (n.) An oval lobe beneath each of the optic lobes in many fishes; one of the inferior lobes.

Hypoblast (n.) The inner or lower layer of the blastoderm; -- called also endoderm, entoderm, and sometimes hypoderm. See Illust. of Blastoderm, Delamination, and Ectoderm.

Hypobole (n.) A figure in which several things are mentioned that seem to make against the argument, or in favor of the opposite side, each of them being refuted in order.

Hypobranchial (n.) A hypobranchial bone or cartilage.

Hypocarp (n.) Alt. of Hypocarpium

Hypocarpium (n.) A fleshy enlargement of the receptacle, or for the stem, below the proper fruit, as in the cashew. See Illust. of Cashew.

Hypocaust (n.) A furnace, esp. one connected with a series of small chambers and flues of tiles or other masonry through which the heat of a fire was distributed to rooms above. This contrivance, first used in bath, was afterwards adopted in private houses.

Hypochlorite (n.) A salt of hypochlorous acid; as, a calcium hypochloride.

Hypochondria (n.) Hypochondriasis; melancholy; the blues.

Hypochondriac (n.) A person affected with hypochondriasis.

Hypochondriacism (n.) Hypochondriasis.

Hypochondriasis (n.) A mental disorder in which melancholy and gloomy views torment the affected person, particularly concerning his own health.

Hypochondriasm (n.) Hypochondriasis.

Hypochondrium (n.) Either of the hypochondriac regions.

Hypochondry (n.) Hypochondriasis.

Hypocist (n.) An astringent inspissated juice obtained from the fruit of a plant (Cytinus hypocistis), growing from the roots of the Cistus, a small European shrub.

Hypocleidium (n.) A median process on the furculum, or merrythought, of many birds, where it is connected with the sternum.

Hypocrisy (n.) The act or practice of a hypocrite; a feigning to be what one is not, or to feel what one does not feel; a dissimulation, or a concealment of one's real character, disposition, or motives; especially, the assuming of false appearance of virtue or religion; a simulation of goodness.

Hypocrite (n.) One who plays a part; especially, one who, for the purpose of winning approbation of favor, puts on a fair outside seeming; one who feigns to be other and better than he is; a false pretender to virtue or piety; one who simulates virtue or piety.

Hypocycloid (n.) A curve traced by a point in the circumference of a circle which rolls on the concave side in the fixed circle. Cf. Epicycloid, and Trochoid.

Hypodactylum (n.) The under side of the toes.

Hypoderm (n.) Same as Hypoblast.

Hypoderma (n.) A layer of tissue beneath the epidermis in plants, and performing the physiological function of strengthening the epidermal tissue. In phanerogamous plants it is developed as collenchyma.

Hypoderma (n.) An inner cellular layer which lies beneath the chitinous cuticle of arthropods, annelids, and some other invertebrates.

Hypodermis (n.) Same as Hypoblast.

Hypodermis (n.) Same as Hypoderma, 2.

Hypogastrium (n.) The lower part of the abdomen.

Hypogeum (n.) The subterraneous portion of a building, as in amphitheaters, for the service of the games; also, subterranean galleries, as the catacombs.

Hypoglossal (n.) One of the hypoglossal nerves.

Hypogyn (n.) An hypogynous plant.

Hypohyal (n.) One of the hypohyal bones or cartilages.

Hyponasty (n.) Downward convexity, or convexity of the inferior surface.

Hyponitrite (n.) A salt of hyponitrous acid.

Hypopharynx (n.) An appendage or fold on the lower side of the pharynx, in certain insects.

Hypophosphate (n.) A salt of hypophosphoric acid.

Hypophosphite (n.) A salt of hypophosphorous acid.

Hypophysis (n.) See Pituitary body, under Pituitary.

Hypophysis (n.) Cataract.

Hypoplastron (n.) The third lateral plate in the plastron of turtles; -- called also hyposternum.

Hypoptilum (n.) An accessory plume arising from the posterior side of the stem of the contour feathers of many birds; -- called also aftershaft. See Illust. of Feather.

Hyporadius (n.) One of the barbs of the hypoptilum, or aftershaft of a feather. See Feather.

Hyporhachis (n.) The stem of an aftershaft or hypoptilum.

Hypospadias (n.) A deformity of the penis, in which the urethra opens upon its under surface.

Hypostasis (n.) That which forms the basis of anything; underlying principle; a concept or mental entity conceived or treated as an existing being or thing.

Hypostasis (n.) Substance; subsistence; essence; person; personality; -- used by the early theologians to denote any one of the three subdivisions of the Godhead, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

Hypostasis (n.) Principle; an element; -- used by the alchemists in speaking of salt, sulphur, and mercury, which they considered as the three principles of all material bodies.

Hypostasis (n.) That which is deposited at the bottom of a fluid; sediment.

Hyposternum (n.) See Hypoplastron.

Hypostome (n.) Alt. of Hypostoma

Hypostoma (n.) The lower lip of trilobites, crustaceans, etc.

Hypostrophe (n.) The act of a patient turning himself.

Hypostrophe (n.) A relapse, or return of a disease.

Hyposulphate (n.) A salt of hyposulphuric acid.

Hyposulphite (n.) A salt of what was formerly called hyposulphurous acid; a thiosulphate.

Hyposulphite (n.) A salt of hyposulphurous acid proper.

Hypotarsus (n.) A process on the posterior side of the tarsometatarsus of many birds; the calcaneal process.

Hypotenuse (n.) Alt. of Hypothenuse

Hypothenuse (n.) The side of a right-angled triangle that is opposite to the right angle.

Hypothec (n.) A landlord's right, independently of stipulation, over the stocking (cattle, implements, etc.), and crops of his tenant, as security for payment of rent.

Hypotheca (n.) An obligation by which property of a debtor was made over to his creditor in security of his debt.

Hypothecation (n.) The act or contract by which property is hypothecated; a right which a creditor has in or to the property of his debtor, in virtue of which he may cause it to be sold and the price appropriated in payment of his debt. This is a right in the thing, or jus in re.

Hypothecation (n.) A contract whereby, in consideration of money advanced for the necessities of the ship, the vessel, freight, or cargo is made liable for its repayment, provided the ship arrives in safety. It is usually effected by a bottomry bond. See Bottomry.

Hypothecator (n.) One who hypothecates or pledges anything as security for the repayment of money borrowed.

Hypothenar (n.) The hypothenar eminence.

Hypothenuse (n.) Same as Hypotenuse.

Hypothesis (n.) A supposition; a proposition or principle which is supposed or taken for granted, in order to draw a conclusion or inference for proof of the point in question; something not proved, but assumed for the purpose of argument, or to account for a fact or an occurrence; as, the hypothesis that head winds detain an overdue steamer.

Hypothesis (n.) A tentative theory or supposition provisionally adopted to explain certain facts, and to guide in the investigation of others; hence, frequently called a working hypothesis.

Hypothetist (n.) One who proposes or supports an hypothesis.

Hypotrachelium (n.) Same as Gorgerin.

Hypotrochoid (n.) A curve, traced by a point in the radius, or radius produced, of a circle which rolls upon the concave side of a fixed circle. See Hypocycloid, Epicycloid, and Trochoid.

Hypotyposis (n.) A vivid, picturesque description of scenes or events.

Hypoxanthin (n.) A crystal

Hyppogriff (n.) See Hyppogriff.

Hypsometer (n.) An instrument for measuring heights by observation of barometric pressure; esp., one for determining heights by ascertaining the boiling point of water. It consists of a vessel for water, with a lamp for heating it, and an inclosed thermometer for showing the temperature of ebullition.

Hypsometry (n.) That branch of the science of geodesy which has to do with the measurement of heights, either absolutely with reference to the sea level, or relatively.

Hyracoid (n.) One of the Hyracoidea.

Hyrax (n.) Any animal of the genus Hyrax, of which about four species are known. They constitute the order Hyracoidea. The best known species are the daman (H. Syriacus) of Palestine, and the klipdas (H. capensis) of South Africa. Other species are H. arboreus and H. Sylvestris, the former from Southern, and the latter from Western, Africa. See Daman.

Hyrse (n.) Millet.

Hyrst (n.) A wood. See Hurst.

Hyson (n.) A fragrant kind of green tea.

Hyssop (n.) A plant (Hyssopus officinalis). The leaves have an aromatic smell, and a warm, pungent taste.

Hysteresis (n.) A lagging or retardation of the effect, when the forces acting upon a body are changed, as if from velocity or internal friction; a temporary resistance to change from a condition previously induced, observed in magnetism, thermoelectricity, etc., on reversal of polarity.

Hysteria (n.) A nervous affection, occurring almost exclusively in women, in which the emotional and reflex excitability is exaggerated, and the will power correspondingly diminished, so that the patient loses control over the emotions, becomes the victim of imaginary sensations, and often falls into paroxism or fits.

Hysteroepilepsy (n.) A disease resembling hysteria in its nature, and characterized by the occurrence of epileptiform convulsions, which can often be controlled or excited by pressure on the ovaries, and upon other definite points in the body.

Hysterology (n.) A figure by which the ordinary course of thought is inverted in expression, and the last put first; -- called also hysteron proteron.

Hysterophyte (n.) A plant, like the fungus, which lives on dead or living organic matter.

Hysterotomy (n.) The Caesarean section. See under Caesarean.

Hystrix (n.) A genus of rodents, including the porcupine.

Hythe (n.) A small haven. See Hithe.

About the author

Mark McCracken

Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".

Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken , All Rights Reserved. , found 3267 occurrences in 1 file(s)