Singular Nouns Starting with J
Jab (n.) A thrust or stab.
Jabber (n.) Rapid or incoherent talk, with indistinct utterance; gibberish.
Jabber (n.) One who jabbers.
Jabberment (n.) Jabber.
Jabbernowl (n.) Same as Jobbernowl.
Jabiru (n.) One of several large wading birds of the genera Mycteria and Xenorhynchus, allied to the storks in form and habits.
Jaborandi (n.) The native name of a South American rutaceous shrub (Pilocarpus pennatifolius). The leaves are used in medicine as an diaphoretic and sialogogue.
Jaborine (n.) An alkaloid found in jaborandi leaves, from which it is extracted as a white amorphous substance. In its action it resembles atropine.
Jabot (n.) Originally, a kind of ruffle worn by men on the bosom of the shirt.
Jabot (n.) An arrangement of lace or tulle, looped ornamentally, and worn by women on the front of the dress.
Jacamar (n.) Any one of numerous species of tropical American birds of the genus Galbula and allied genera. They are allied to the kingfishers, but climb on tree trunks like nuthatches, and feed upon insects. Their colors are often brilliant.
Jacana (n.) Any of several wading birds belonging to the genus Jacana and several allied genera, all of which have spurs on the wings. They are able to run about over floating water weeds by means of their very long, spreading toes. Called also surgeon bird.
Jacaranda (n.) The native Brazilian name for certain leguminous trees, which produce the beautiful woods called king wood, tiger wood, and violet wood.
Jacaranda (n.) A genus of bignoniaceous Brazilian trees with showy trumpet-shaped flowers.
Jacare (n.) A cayman. See Yacare.
Jacchus (n.) The common marmoset (Hapale vulgaris). Formerly, the name was also applied to other species of the same genus.
Jacconet (n.) See Jaconet.
Jacinth (n.) See Hyacinth.
Jack (n.) A large tree, the Artocarpus integrifolia, common in the East Indies, closely allied to the breadfruit, from which it differs in having its leaves entire. The fruit is of great size, weighing from thirty to forty pounds, and through its soft fibrous matter are scattered the seeds, which are roasted and eaten. The wood is of a yellow color, fine grain, and rather heavy, and is much used in cabinetwork. It is also used for dyeing a brilliant yellow.
Jack (n.) A familiar nickname of, or substitute for, John.
Jack (n.) An impertinent or silly fellow; a simpleton; a boor; a clown; also, a servant; a rustic.
Jack (n.) A popular colloquial name for a sailor; -- called also Jack tar, and Jack afloat.
Jack (n.) A mechanical contrivance, an auxiliary machine, or a subordinate part of a machine, rendering convenient service, and often supplying the place of a boy or attendant who was commonly called Jack
Jack (n.) A device to pull off boots.
Jack (n.) A sawhorse or sawbuck.
Jack (n.) A machine or contrivance for turning a spit; a smoke jack, or kitchen jack.
Jack (n.) A wooden wedge for separating rocks rent by blasting.
Jack (n.) A lever for depressing the sinkers which push the loops down on the needles.
Jack (n.) A grating to separate and guide the threads; a heck box.
Jack (n.) A machine for twisting the sliver as it leaves the carding machine.
Jack (n.) A compact, portable machine for planing metal.
Jack (n.) A machine for slicking or pebbling leather.
Jack (n.) A system of gearing driven by a horse power, for multiplying speed.
Jack (n.) A hood or other device placed over a chimney or vent pipe, to prevent a back draught.
Jack (n.) In the harpsichord, an intermediate piece communicating the action of the key to the quill; -- called also hopper.
Jack (n.) In hunting, the pan or frame holding the fuel of the torch used to attract game at night; also, the light itself.
Jack (n.) A portable machine variously constructed, for exerting great pressure, or lifting or moving a heavy body through a small distance. It consists of a lever, screw, rack and pinion, hydraulic press, or any simple combination of mechanical powers, working in a compact pedestal or support and operated by a lever, crank, capstan bar, etc. The name is often given to a jackscrew, which is a kind of jack.
Jack (n.) The small bowl used as a mark in the game of bowls.
Jack (n.) The male of certain animals, as of the ass.
Jack (n.) A young pike; a pickerel.
Jack (n.) The jurel.
Jack (n.) A large, California rock fish (Sebastodes paucispinus); -- called also boccaccio, and merou.
Jack (n.) The wall-eyed pike.
Jack (n.) A drinking measure holding half a pint; also, one holding a quarter of a pint.
Jack (n.) A flag, containing only the union, without the fly, usually hoisted on a jack staff at the bowsprit cap; -- called also union jack. The American jack is a small blue flag, with a star for each State.
Jack (n.) A bar of iron athwart ships at a topgallant masthead, to support a royal mast, and give spread to the royal shrouds; -- called also jack crosstree.
Jack (n.) The knave of a suit of playing cards.
Jack (n.) A coarse and cheap mediaeval coat of defense, esp. one made of leather.
Jack (n.) A pitcher or can of waxed leather; -- called also black jack.
Jack-a-dandy (n.) A little dandy; a little, foppish, impertinent fellow.
Jackal (n.) Any one of several species of carnivorous animals inhabiting Africa and Asia, related to the dog and wolf. They are cowardly, nocturnal, and gregarious. They feed largely on carrion, and are noted for their piercing and dismal howling.
Jackal (n.) One who does mean work for another's advantage, as jackals were once thought to kill game which lions appropriated.
Jack-a-lent (n.) A small stuffed puppet to be pelted in Lent; hence, a simple fellow.
Jackanapes (n.) A monkey; an ape.
Jackanapes (n.) A coxcomb; an impertinent or conceited fellow.
Jackass (n.) The male ass; a donkey.
Jackass (n.) A conceited dolt; a perverse blockhead.
Jackdaw (n.) See Daw, n.
Jackeen (n.) A drunken, dissolute fellow.
Jacket (n.) A short upper garment, extending downward to the hips; a short coat without skirts.
Jacket (n.) An outer covering for anything, esp. a covering of some nonconducting material such as wood or felt, used to prevent radiation of heat, as from a steam boiler, cylinder, pipe, etc.
Jacket (n.) In ordnance, a strengthening band surrounding and reenforcing the tube in which the charge is fired.
Jacket (n.) A garment resembling a waistcoat
Jacketing (n.) The material of a jacket; as, nonconducting jacketing.
Jackknife (n.) A large, strong clasp knife for the pocket; a pocket knife.
Jackman (n.) One wearing a jack; a horse soldier; a retainer. See 3d Jack, n.
Jackman (n.) A cream cheese.
Jack-o'-lantern (n.) See Jack-with-a-lantern, under 2d Jack.
Jackpudding (n.) A merry-andrew; a buffoon.
Jacksaw (n.) The merganser.
Jackscrew (n.) A jack in which a screw is used for lifting, or exerting pressure. See Illust. of 2d Jack, n., 5.
Jackslave (n.) A low servant; a mean fellow.
Jacksmith (n.) A smith who makes jacks. See 2d Jack, 4, c.
Jacksnipe (n.) A small European snipe (Limnocryptes gallinula); -- called also judcock, jedcock, juddock, jed, and half snipe.
Jacksnipe (n.) A small American sandpiper (Tringa maculata); -- called also pectoral sandpiper, and grass snipe.
Jackstay (n.) A rail of wood or iron stretching along a yard of a vessel, to which the sails are fastened.
Jackstone (n.) One of the pebbles or pieces used in the game of jackstones.
Jackstone (n.) A game played with five small stones or pieces of metal. See 6th Chuck.
Jackstraw (n.) An effigy stuffed with straw; a scarecrow; hence, a man without property or influence.
Jackstraw (n.) One of a set of straws of strips of ivory, bone, wood, etc., for playing a child's game, the jackstraws being thrown confusedly together on a table, to be gathered up singly by a hooked instrument, without touching or disturbing the rest of the pile. See Spilikin.
Jackwood (n.) Wood of the jack (Artocarpus integrifolia), used in cabinetwork.
Jacob (n.) A Hebrew patriarch (son of Isaac, and ancestor of the Jews), who in a vision saw a ladder reaching up to heaven (Gen. xxviii. 12); -- also called Israel.
Jacobin (n.) A Dominican friar; -- so named because, before the French Revolution, that order had a convent in the Rue St. Jacques, Paris.
Jacobin (n.) One of a society of violent agitators in France, during the revolution of 1789, who held secret meetings in the Jacobin convent in the Rue St. Jacques, Paris, and concerted measures to control the proceedings of the National Assembly. Hence: A plotter against an existing government; a turbulent demagogue.
Jacobin (n.) A fancy pigeon, in which the feathers of the neck form a hood, -- whence the name. The wings and tail are long, and the beak moderately short.
Jacobine (n.) A Jacobin.
Jacobinism (n.) The principles of the Jacobins; violent and factious opposition to legitimate government.
Jacobite (n.) A partisan or adherent of James the Second, after his abdication, or of his descendants, an opposer of the revolution in 1688 in favor of William and Mary.
Jacobite (n.) One of the sect of Syrian Monophysites. The sect is named after Jacob Baradaeus, its leader in the sixth century.
Jacobitism (n.) The principles of the Jacobites.
Jacobus (n.) An English gold coin, of the value of twenty-five shillings sterling, struck in the reign of James I.
Jaconet (n.) A thin cotton fabric, between and muslin, used for dresses, neckcloths, etc.
Jacqueminot (n.) A half-hardy, deep crimson rose of the remontant class; -- so named after General Jacqueminot, of France.
Jacquerie (n.) The name given to a revolt of French peasants against the nobles in 1358, the leader assuming the contemptuous title, Jacques Bonhomme, given by the nobles to the peasantry. Hence, any revolt of peasants.
Jactancy (n.) A boasting; a bragging.
Jactation (n.) A throwing or tossing of the body; a shaking or agitation.
Jactitation (n.) Vain boasting or assertions repeated to the prejudice of another's right; false claim.
Jactitation (n.) A frequent tossing or moving of the body; restlessness, as in delirium.
Jaculation (n.) The act of tossing, throwing, or hurling, as spears.
Jadding (n.) See Holing.
Jade (n.) A stone, commonly of a pale to dark green color but sometimes whitish. It is very hard and compact, capable of fine polish, and is used for ornamental purposes and for implements, esp. in Eastern countries and among many early peoples.
Jade (n.) A mean or tired horse; a worthless nag.
Jade (n.) A disreputable or vicious woman; a wench; a quean; also, sometimes, a worthless man.
Jade (n.) A young woman; -- generally so called in irony or slight contempt.
Jadeite (n.) See Jade, the stone.
Jadery (n.) The tricks of a jade.
Jaeger (n.) See Jager.
Jag (n.) A notch; a cleft; a barb; a ragged or sharp protuberance; a denticulation.
Jag (n.) A part broken off; a fragment.
Jag (n.) A cleft or division.
Jag (n.) A small load, as of hay or grain in the straw, or of ore.
Jaganatha (n.) Alt. of Jaganatha
Jaganatha (n.) See Juggernaut.
Jager (n.) A sharpshooter. See Yager.
Jager (n.) Any species of gull of the genus Stercorarius. Three species occur on the Atlantic coast. The jagers pursue other species of gulls and force them to disgorge their prey. The two middle tail feathers are usually decidedly longer than the rest. Called also boatswain, and mar
Jagger (n.) One who carries about a small load; a peddler. See 2d Jag.
Jagger (n.) One who, or that which, jags; specifically: (a) jagging iron used for crimping pies, cakes, etc. (b) A toothed chisel. See Jag, v. t.
Jaggery (n.) Raw palm sugar, made in the East Indies by evaporating the fresh juice of several kinds of palm trees, but specifically that of the palmyra (Borassus flabelliformis).
Jaghir (n.) A village or district the government and revenues of which are assigned to some person, usually in consideration of some service to be rendered, esp. the maintenance of troops.
Jaghirdar (n.) The holder of a jaghir.
Jaguar (n.) A large and powerful fe
Jaguarondi (n.) A South American wild cat (Felis jaguarondi), having a long, slim body and very short legs. Its color is grayish brown, varied with a blackish hue. It is arboreal in its habits and feeds mostly on birds.
Jah (n.) Jehovah.
Jail (n.) A kind of prison; a building for the confinement of persons held in lawful custody, especially for minor offenses or with reference to some future judicial proceeding.
Jailer (n.) The keeper of a jail or prison.
Jain (n.) Alt. of Jaina
Jaina (n.) One of a numerous sect in British India, holding the tenets of Jainism.
Jainism (n.) The heterodox Hindoo religion, of which the most striking features are the exaltation of saints or holy mortals, called jins, above the ordinary Hindoo gods, and the denial of the divine origin and infallibility of the Vedas. It is intermediate between Brahmanism and Buddhism, having some things in common with each.
Jairou (n.) The ahu or Asiatic gazelle.
Jak (n.) see Ils Jack.
Jakes (n.) A privy.
Jakie (n.) A South American striped frog (Pseudis paradoxa), remarkable for having a tadpole larger than the adult, and hence called also paradoxical frog.
Jako (n.) An African parrot (Psittacus erithacus), very commonly kept as a cage bird; -- called also gray parrot.
Jakwood (n.) See Jackwood.
Jalap (n.) The tubers of the Mexican plant Ipomoea purga (or Exogonium purga), a climber much like the morning-glory. The abstract, extract, and powder, prepared from the tubers, are well known purgative medicines. Other species of Ipomoea yield several inferior kinds of jalap, as the I. Orizabensis, and I. tuberosa.
Jalapin (n.) A glucoside found in the stems of the jalap plant and scammony. It is a strong purgative.
Jalousie (n.) A Venetian or slatted inside window blind.
Jam (n.) A kind of frock for children.
Jam (n.) See Jamb.
Jam (n.) A mass of people or objects crowded together; also, the pressure from a crowd; a crush; as, a jam in a street; a jam of logs in a river.
Jam (n.) An injury caused by jamming.
Jam (n.) A preserve of fruit boiled with sugar and water; as, raspberry jam; currant jam; grape jam.
Jamacina (n.) Jamaicine.
Jamadar (n.) Same as Jemidar.
Jamaica (n.) One of the West India is islands.
Jamaican (n.) A native or inhabitant of Jamaica.
Jamaicine (n.) An alkaloid said to be contained in the bark of Geoffroya inermis, a leguminous tree growing in Jamaica and Surinam; -- called also jamacina.
Jamb (n.) The vertical side of any opening, as a door or fireplace; hence, less properly, any narrow vertical surface of wall, as the of a chimney-breast or of a pier, as distinguished from its face.
Jamb (n.) Any thick mass of rock which prevents miners from following the lode or vein.
Jambee (n.) A fashionable cane.
Jambes (n.) Alt. of Jambeux
Jambeux (n.) In the Middle Ages, armor for the legs below the knees.
Jambolana (n.) A myrtaceous tree of the West Indies and tropical America (Calyptranthes Jambolana), with astringent bark, used for dyeing. It bears an edible fruit.
Jamdani (n.) A silk fabric, with a woven pattern of sprigs of flowers.
Jamesonite (n.) A steel-gray mineral, of metallic luster, commonly fibrous massive. It is a sulphide of antimony and lead, with a little iron.
Jan (n.) One of intermediate order between angels and men.
Jane (n.) A coin of Genoa; any small coin.
Jane (n.) A kind of twilled cotton cloth. See Jean.
Jane-of-apes (n.) A silly, pert girl; -- corresponding to jackanapes.
Jangle (n.) Idle talk; prate; chatter; babble.
Jangle (n.) Discordant sound; wrangling.
Jangler (n.) An idle talker; a babbler; a prater.
Jangler (n.) A wrangling, noisy fellow.
Jangleress (n.) A female prater or babbler.
Janglery (n.) Jangling.
Jangling (n.) Idle babbling; vain disputation.
Jangling (n.) Wrangling; altercation.
Janissary (n.) See Janizary.
Janitor (n.) A door-keeper; a porter; one who has the care of a public building, or a building occupied for offices, suites of rooms, etc.
Janitress (n.) Alt. of Janitrix
Janitrix (n.) A female janitor.
Janizar (n.) A janizary.
Janizary (n.) A soldier of a privileged military class, which formed the nucleus of the Turkish infantry, but was suppressed in 1826.
Janker (n.) A long pole on two wheels, used in hauling logs.
Jansenism (n.) The doctrine of Jansen regarding free will and divine grace.
Jansenist (n.) A follower of Cornelius Jansen, a Roman Catholic bishop of Ypres, in Flanders, in the 17th century, who taught certain doctrines denying free will and the possibility of resisting divine grace.
Janthina (n.) See Ianthina.
Jantiness (n.) See Jauntiness.
Jantu (n.) A machine of great antiquity, used in Bengal for raising water to irrigate land.
January (n.) The first month of the year, containing thirty-one days.
Janus (n.) A Latin deity represented with two faces looking in opposite directions. Numa is said to have dedicated to Janus the covered passage at Rome, near the Forum, which is usually called the Temple of Janus. This passage was open in war and closed in peace.
Japan (n.) Work varnished and figured in the Japanese manner; also, the varnish or lacquer used in japanning.
Japanner (n.) One who varnishes in the manner of the Japanese, or one skilled in the art.
Japanner (n.) A bootblack.
Japanning (n.) The art or act of varnishing in the Japanese manner.
Japer (n.) A jester; a buffoon.
Japery (n.) Jesting; buffoonery.
Japhethite (n.) A Japhetite.
Japhetite (n.) A descendant of Japheth.
Japonica (n.) A species of Camellia (Camellia Japonica), a native of Japan, bearing beautiful red or white flowers. Many other genera have species of the same name.
Jar (n.) A turn. [Only in phrase.]
Jar (n.) A deep, broad-mouthed vessel of earthenware or glass, for holding fruit, preserves, etc., or for ornamental purposes; as, a jar of honey; a rose jar.
Jar (n.) The measure of what is contained in a jar; as, a jar of oil; a jar of preserves.
Jar (n.) A rattling, tremulous vibration or shock; a shake; a harsh sound; a discord; as, the jar of a train; the jar of harsh sounds.
Jar (n.) Clash of interest or opinions; collision; discord; debate; slight disagreement.
Jar (n.) A regular vibration, as of a pendulum.
Jar (n.) In deep well boring, a device resembling two long chain links, for connecting a percussion drill to the rod or rope which works it, so that the drill is driven down by impact and is jerked loose when jammed.
Jararaca (n.) A poisonous serpent of Brazil (Bothrops jararaca), about eighteen inches long, and of a dusky, brownish color, variegated with red and black spots.
Jardiniere (n.) An ornamental stand or receptacle for plants, flowers, etc., used as a piece of decorative furniture in room.
Jards (n.) A callous tumor on the leg of a horse, below the hock.
Jargon (n.) Confused, unintelligible language; gibberish; hence, an artificial idiom or dialect; cant language; slang.
Jargon (n.) A variety of zircon. See Zircon.
Jargonelle (n.) A variety of pear which ripens early.
Jargonist (n.) One addicted to jargon; one who uses cant or slang.
Jarl (n.) A chief; an earl; in English history, one of the leaders in the Danish and Norse invasions.
Jarnut (n.) An earthnut.
Jarosite (n.) An ocher-yellow mineral occurring on minute rhombohedral crystals. It is a hydrous sulphate of iron and potash.
Jar-owl (n.) The goatsucker.
Jarrah (n.) The mahoganylike wood of the Australian Eucalyptus marginata. See Eucalyptus.
Jarring (n.) A shaking; a tremulous motion; as, the jarring of a steamship, caused by its engines.
Jarring (n.) Discord; a clashing of interests.
Jarvey (n.) Alt. of Jarvy
Jarvy (n.) The driver of a hackney coach.
Jarvy (n.) A hackney coach.
Jasey (n.) A wig; -- so called, perhaps, from being made of, or resembling, Jersey yarn.
Jashawk (n.) A young hawk.
Jasmine (n.) A shrubby plant of the genus Jasminum, bearing flowers of a peculiarly fragrant odor. The J. officinale, common in the south of Europe, bears white flowers. The Arabian jasmine is J. Sambac, and, with J. angustifolia, comes from the East Indies. The yellow false jasmine in the Gelseminum sempervirens (see Gelsemium). Several other plants are called jasmine in the West Indies, as species of Calotropis and Faramea.
Jasp (n.) Jasper.
Jaspachate (n.) Agate jasper.
Jasper (n.) An opaque, impure variety of quartz, of red, yellow, and other dull colors, breaking with a smooth surface. It admits of a high polish, and is used for vases, seals, snuff boxes, etc. When the colors are in stripes or bands, it is called striped / banded jasper. The Egyptian pebble is a brownish yellow jasper.
Jaspilite (n.) A compact siliceous rock resembling jasper.
Jasponyx (n.) An onyx, part or all of whose layers consist of jasper.
Jaundice (n.) A morbid condition, characterized by yellowness of the eyes, skin, and urine, whiteness of the faeces, constipation, uneasiness in the region of the stomach, loss of appetite, and general languor and lassitude. It is caused usually by obstruction of the biliary passages and consequent damming up, in the liver, of the bile, which is then absorbed into the blood.
Jaunt (n.) A wearisome journey.
Jaunt (n.) A short excursion for pleasure or refreshment; a ramble; a short journey.
Jauntiness (n.) The quality of being jaunty.
Java (n.) One of the islands of the Malay Archipelago belonging to the Netherlands.
Java (n.) Java coffee, a kind of coffee brought from Java.
Javel (n.) A vagabond.
Javelin (n.) A sort of light spear, to be thrown or cast by thew hand; anciently, a weapon of war used by horsemen and foot soldiers; now used chiefly in hunting the wild boar and other fierce game.
Javelinier (n.) A soldier armed with a javelin.
Jaw (n.) One of the bones, usually bearing teeth, which form the framework of the mouth.
Jaw (n.) Hence, also, the bone itself with the teeth and covering.
Jaw (n.) In the plural, the mouth.
Jaw (n.) Fig.: Anything resembling the jaw of an animal in form or action; esp., pl., the mouth or way of entrance; as, the jaws of a pass; the jaws of darkness; the jaws of death.
Jaw (n.) A notch or opening.
Jaw (n.) A notched or forked part, adapted for holding an object in place; as, the jaw of a railway-car pedestal. See Axle guard.
Jaw (n.) One of a pair of opposing parts which are movable towards or from each other, for grasping or crushing anything between them, as, the jaws of a vise, or the jaws of a stone-crushing machine.
Jaw (n.) The inner end of a boom or gaff, hollowed in a half circle so as to move freely on a mast.
Jaw (n.) Impudent or abusive talk.
Jawbone (n.) The bone of either jaw; a maxilla or a mandible.
Law-fall (n.) Depression of the jaw; hence, depression of spirits.
Jawfoot (n.) See Maxilliped.
Jawing (n.) Scolding; clamorous or abusive talk.
Jay (n.) Any one of the numerous species of birds belonging to Garrulus, Cyanocitta, and allied genera. They are allied to the crows, but are smaller, more graceful in form, often handsomely colored, and usually have a crest.
Jayet (n.) See Jet.
Jayhawker (n.) A name given to a free-booting, unenlisted, armed man or guerrilla.
Jazel (n.) A gem of an azure color.
Jazerant (n.) A coat of defense made of small plates of metal sewed upon
Jealoushood (n.) Jealousy.
Jealousness (n.) State or quality of being jealous.
Jealousy (n.) The quality of being jealous; earnest concern or solicitude; painful apprehension of rivalship in cases nearly affecting one's happiness; painful suspicion of the faithfulness of husband, wife, or lover.
Jeames (n.) A footman; a flunky.
Jean (n.) A twilled cotton cloth.
Jeat (n.) See Jet.
Jedding ax (n.) A stone mason's tool, having a flat face and a pointed part.
Jeel (n.) A morass; a shallow lake.
Jeer (n.) A gear; a tackle.
Jeer (n.) An assemblage or combination of tackles, for hoisting or lowering the lower yards of a ship.
Jeer (n.) A railing remark or reflection; a scoff; a taunt; a biting jest; a flout; a jibe; mockery.
Jeerer (n.) A scoffer; a railer; a mocker.
Jeering (n.) A mocking utterance.
Jeffersonia (n.) An American herb with a pretty, white, solitary blossom, and deeply two-cleft leaves (Jeffersonia diphylla); twinleaf.
Jeffersonite (n.) A variety of pyroxene of olive-green color passing into brown. It contains zinc.
Jeg (n.) See Jig, 6.
Jehovah (n.) A Scripture name of the Supreme Being, by which he was revealed to the Jews as their covenant God or Sovereign of the theocracy; the "ineffable name" of the Supreme Being, which was not pronounced by the Jews.
Jehovist (n.) One who maintains that the vowel points of the word Jehovah, in Hebrew, are the proper vowels of that word; -- opposed to adonist.
Jehovist (n.) The writer of the passages of the Old Testament, especially those of the Pentateuch, in which the Supreme Being is styled Jehovah. See Elohist.
Jehu (n.) A coachman; a driver; especially, one who drives furiously.
Jejunity (n.) The quality of being jejune; jejuneness.
Jejunum (n.) The middle division of the small intestine, between the duodenum and ileum; -- so called because usually found empty after death.
Jelerang (n.) A large, handsome squirrel (Sciurus Javensis), native of Java and Southern Asia; -- called also Java squirrel.
Jelly (n.) Anything brought to a gelatinous condition; a viscous, translucent substance in a condition between liquid and solid; a stiffened solution of gelatin, gum, or the like.
Jelly (n.) The juice of fruits or meats boiled with sugar to an elastic consistence; as, currant jelly; calf's-foot jelly.
Jellyfish (n.) Any one of the acalephs, esp. one of the larger species, having a jellylike appearance. See Medusa.
Jemidar (n.) The chief or leader of a hand or body of persons; esp., in the native army of India, an officer of a rank corresponding to that of lieutenant in the English army.
Jemminess (n.) Spruceness.
Jemmy (n.) A short crowbar. See Jimmy.
Jemmy (n.) A baked sheep's head.
Jeniquen (n.) A Mexican name for the Sisal hemp (Agave rigida, var. Sisalana); also, its fiber.
Jenite (n.) See Yenite.
Jenkins (n.) name of contempt for a flatterer of persons high in social or official life; as, the Jenkins employed by a newspaper.
Jennet (n.) A small Spanish horse; a genet.
Jenneting (n.) A variety of early apple. See Juneating.
Jenny (n.) A familiar or pet form of the proper name Jane.
Jenny (n.) A familiar name of the European wren.
Jenny (n.) A machine for spinning a number of threads at once, -- used in factories.
Jentling (n.) A fish of the genus Leuciscus; the blue chub of the Danube.
Jeofail (n.) An oversight in pleading, or the acknowledgment of a mistake or oversight.
Jeoparder (n.) One who puts in jeopardy.
Jeopardy (n.) Exposure to death, loss, or injury; hazard; danger.
Jerboa (n.) Any small jumping rodent of the genus Dipus, esp. D. Aegyptius, which is common in Egypt and the adjacent countries. The jerboas have very long hind legs and a long tail.
Jereed (n.) A blunt javelin used by the people of the Levant, especially in mock fights.
Jeremiad (n.) Alt. of Jeremiade
Jeremiade (n.) A tale of sorrow, disappointment, or complaint; a doleful story; a dolorous tirade; -- generally used satirically.
Jerfalcon (n.) The gyrfalcon.
Jerguer (n.) See Jerquer.
Jerid (n.) Same as Jereed.
Jerk (n.) A short, sudden pull, thrust, push, twitch, jolt, shake, or similar motion.
Jerk (n.) A sudden start or spring.
Jerker (n.) A beater.
Jerker (n.) One who jerks or moves with a jerk.
Jerker (n.) A North American river chub (Hybopsis biguttatus).
Jerkin (n.) A jacket or short coat; a close waistcoat.
Jerkin (n.) A male gyrfalcon.
Jerking (n.) The act of pulling, pushing, or throwing, with a jerk.
Jerkinhead (n.) The hipped part of a roof which is hipped only for a part of its height, leaving a truncated gable.
Jermoonal (n.) The Himalayan now partridge.
Jeronymite (n.) One belonging of the mediaeval religious orders called Hermits of St. Jerome.
Jeropigia (n.) See Geropigia.
Jerquer (n.) A customhouse officer who searches ships for unentered goods.
Jerquing (n.) The searching of a ship for unentered goods.
Jerquing (n.) The searching of a ship for unentered goods.
Jersey (n.) The finest of wool separated from the rest; combed wool; also, fine yarn of wool.
Jersey (n.) A kind of knitted jacket; hence, in general, a closefitting jacket or upper garment made of an elastic fabric (as stockinet).
Jersey (n.) One of a breed of cattle in the Island of Jersey. Jerseys are noted for the richness of their milk.
Jerusalem (n.) The chief city of Palestine, intimately associated with the glory of the Jewish nation, and the life and death of Jesus Christ.
Jervine (n.) A poisonous alkaloid resembling veratrine, and found with it in white hellebore (Veratrum album); -- called also jervina.
Jess (n.) A short strap of leather or silk secured round the leg of a hawk, to which the leash or
Jessamine (n.) Same as Jasmine.
Jesse (n.) Any representation or suggestion of the genealogy of Christ, in decorative art
Jesse (n.) A genealogical tree represented in stained glass.
Jesse (n.) A candlestick with many branches, each of which bears the name of some one of the descendants of Jesse; -- called also tree of Jesse.
Jest (n.) A deed; an action; a gest.
Jest (n.) A mask; a pageant; an interlude.
Jest (n.) Something done or said in order to amuse; a joke; a witticism; a jocose or sportive remark or phrase. See Synonyms under Jest, v. i.
Jester (n.) A buffoon; a merry-andrew; a court fool.
Jester (n.) A person addicted to jesting, or to indulgence in light and amusing talk.
Jesting (n.) The act or practice of making jests; joking; pleasantry.
Jesuit (n.) One of a religious order founded by Ignatius Loyola, and approved in 1540, under the title of The Society of Jesus.
Jesuit (n.) Fig.: A crafty person; an intriguer.
Jesuitess (n.) One of an order of nuns established on the principles of the Jesuits, but suppressed by Pope Urban in 1633.
Jesuitism (n.) The principles and practices of the Jesuits.
Jesuitism (n.) Cunning; deceit; deceptive practices to effect a purpose; subtle argument; -- an opprobrious use of the word.
Jesuitocracy (n.) Government by Jesuits; also, the whole body of Jesuits in a country.
Jesuitry (n.) Jesuitism; subtle argument.
Jesus (n.) The Savior; the name of the Son of God as announced by the angel to his parents; the personal name of Our Lord, in distinction from Christ, his official appellation.
Jet (n.) Same as 2d Get.
Jet (n.) A variety of lignite, of a very compact texture and velvet black color, susceptible of a good polish, and often wrought into mourning jewelry, toys, buttons, etc. Formerly called also black amber.
Jet (n.) A shooting forth; a spouting; a spurt; a sudden rush or gush, as of water from a pipe, or of flame from an orifice; also, that which issues in a jet.
Jet (n.) Drift; scope; range, as of an argument.
Jet (n.) The sprue of a type, which is broken from it when the type is cold.
Jeterus (n.) A yellowness of the parts of plants which are normally green; yellows.
Jetsam (n.) Alt. of Jetson
Jetson (n.) Goods which sink when cast into the sea, and remain under water; -- distinguished from flotsam, goods which float, and ligan, goods which are sunk attached to a buoy.
Jetson (n.) Jettison. See Jettison, 1.
Jetteau (n.) See Jet d'eau.
Jettee (n.) See Jetty, n.
Jetter (n.) One who struts; one who bears himself jauntily; a fop.
Jettiness (n.) The state of being jetty; blackness.
Jettison (n.) The throwing overboard of goods from necessity, in order to lighten a vessel in danger of wreck.
Jettison (n.) See Jetsam, 1.
Jetton (n.) A metal counter used in playing cards.
Jetty (n.) A part of a building that jets or projects beyond the rest, and overhangs the wall below.
Jetty (n.) A wharf or pier extending from the shore.
Jetty (n.) A structure of wood or stone extended into the sea to influence the current or tide, or to protect a harbor; a mole; as, the Eads system of jetties at the mouth of the Mississippi River.
Jew (n.) Originally, one belonging to the tribe or kingdom of Judah; after the return from the Babylonish captivity, any member of the new state; a Hebrew; an Israelite.
Jewbush (n.) A euphorbiaceous shrub of the genus Pedilanthus (P. tithymaloides), found in the West Indies, and possessing powerful emetic and drastic qualities.
Jewel (n.) An ornament of dress usually made of a precious metal, and having enamel or precious stones as a part of its design.
Jewel (n.) A precious stone; a gem.
Jewel (n.) An object regarded with special affection; a precious thing.
Jewel (n.) A bearing for a pivot a pivot in a watch, formed of a crystal or precious stone, as a ruby.
Jeweler (n.) One who makes, or deals in, jewels, precious stones, and similar ornaments.
Jewellery (n.) See Jewelry.
Jewelry (n.) The art or trade of a jeweler.
Jewelry (n.) Jewels, collectively; as, a bride's jewelry.
Jewelweed (n.) See Impatiens.
Jewfish (n.) A very large serranoid fish (Promicrops itaiara) of Florida and the Gulf of Mexico. It often reaches the weight of five hundred pounds. Its color is olivaceous or yellowish, with numerous brown spots. Called also guasa, and warsaw.
Jewfish (n.) A similar gigantic fish (Stereolepis gigas) of Southern California, valued as a food fish.
Jewfish (n.) The black grouper of Florida and Texas.
Jewfish (n.) A large herringlike fish; the tarpum.
Jewise (n.) Same as Juise.
Jewry (n.) Judea; also, a district inhabited by Jews; a Jews' quarter.
Jew's-ear (n.) A species of fungus (Hirneola Auricula-Judae, / Auricula), bearing some resemblance to the human ear.
Jew's-harp (n.) An instrument of music, which, when placed between the teeth, gives, by means of a bent metal tongue struck by the finger, a sound which is modulated by the breath; -- called also Jew's-trump.
Jew's-harp (n.) The shackle for joining a chain cable to an anchor.
Jew's-stone (n.) Alt. of Jewstone
Jewstone (n.) A large clavate spine of a fossil sea urchin.
Jezebel (n.) A bold, vicious woman; a termagant.
Jharal (n.) A wild goat (Capra Jemlaica) which inhabits the loftiest mountains of India. It has long, coarse hair, forming a thick mane on its head and neck.
Jibber (n.) A horse that jibs.
Jiffy (n.) A moment; an instant; as, I will be ready in a jiffy.
Jig (n.) A light, brisk musical movement.
Jig (n.) A light, humorous piece of writing, esp. in rhyme; a farce in verse; a ballad.
Jig (n.) A piece of sport; a trick; a prank.
Jig (n.) A trolling bait, consisting of a bright spoon and a hook attached.
Jig (n.) A small machine or handy tool
Jig (n.) A contrivance fastened to or inclosing a piece of work, and having hard steel surfaces to guide a tool, as a drill, or to form a shield or templet to work to, as in filing.
Jig (n.) An apparatus or a machine for jigging ore.
Jig (n.) To cut or form, as a piece of metal, in a jigging machine.
Jigger (n.) A species of flea (Sarcopsylla, / Pulex, penetrans), which burrows beneath the skin. See Chigoe.
Jigger (n.) A pendulum rolling machine for slicking or graining leather; same as Jack, 4 (i).
Jigging (n.) The act or using a jig; the act of separating ore with a jigger, or wire-bottomed sieve, which is moved up and down in water.
Jigjog (n.) A jolting motion; a jogging pace.
Jill (n.) A young woman; a sweetheart. See Gill.
Jill-flirt (n.) A light, giddy, or wanton girl or woman. See Gill-flirt.
Jilt (n.) A woman who capriciously deceives her lover; a coquette; a flirt.
Jimcrack (n.) See Gimcrack.
Jim-crow (n.) A machine for bending or straightening rails.
Jim-crow (n.) A planing machine with a reversing tool, to plane both ways.
Jimmy (n.) A short crowbar used by burglars in breaking open doors.
Jin (n.) Alt. of Jinn
Jinn (n.) See Jinnee.
Jingal (n.) A small portable piece of ordnance, mounted on a swivel.
Jingle (n.) A rattling, clinking, or tinkling sound, as of little bells or pieces of metal.
Jingle (n.) That which makes a jingling sound, as a rattle.
Jingle (n.) A correspondence of sound in rhymes, especially when the verse has little merit; hence, the verse itself.
Jingler (n.) One who, or that which, jingles.
Jingling (n.) The act or process of producing a jingle; also, the sound itself; a chink.
Jingo (n.) A word used as a jocular oath.
Jingo (n.) A statesman who pursues, or who favors, aggressive, domineering policy in foreign affairs.
Jingoism (n.) The policy of the Jingoes, so called. See Jingo, 2.
Jinnee (n.) A genius or demon; one of the fabled genii, good and evil spirits, supposed to be the children of fire, and to have the power of assuming various forms.
Jinrikisha (n.) A small, two-wheeled, hooded vehicle drawn by one more men.
Jippo (n.) A waistcoat or kind of stays for women.
Jo (n.) A sweetheart; a darling.
Job (n.) A sudden thrust or stab; a jab.
Job (n.) A piece of chance or occasional work; any definite work undertaken in gross for a fixed price; as, he did the job for a thousand dollars.
Job (n.) A public transaction done for private profit; something performed ostensibly as a part of official duty, but really for private gain; a corrupt official business.
Job (n.) Any affair or event which affects one, whether fortunately or unfortunately.
Job (n.) A situation or opportunity of work; as, he lost his job.
Job (n.) The hero of the book of that name in the Old Testament; the typical patient man.
Jobation (n.) A scolding; a hand, tedious reproof.
Jobber (n.) One who works by the job.
Jobber (n.) A dealer in the public stocks or funds; a stockjobber.
Jobber (n.) One who buys goods from importers, wholesalers, or manufacturers, and sells to retailers.
Jobber (n.) One who turns official or public business to private advantage; hence, one who performs low or mercenary work in office, politics, or intrigue.
Jobbernowl (n.) A blockhead.
Jobbery (n.) The act or practice of jobbing.
Jobbery (n.) Underhand management; official corruption; as, municipal jobbery.
Jocantry (n.) The act or practice of jesting.
Jockey (n.) A professional rider of horses in races.
Jockey (n.) A dealer in horses; a horse trader.
Jockey (n.) A cheat; one given to sharp practice in trade.
Jockeying (n.) The act or management of one who jockeys; trickery.
Jockeyism (n.) The practice of jockeys.
Jockeyship (n.) The art, character, or position, of a jockey; the personality of a jockey.
Jocosity (n.) A jocose act or saying; jocoseness.
Jocularity (n.) Jesting; merriment.
Joculator (n.) A jester; a joker.
Jocundity (n.) The state or quality of being jocund; gayety; sportiveness.
Joe (n.) See Johannes.
Jog (n.) A slight shake; a shake or push intended to give notice or awaken attention; a push; a jolt.
Jog (n.) A rub; a slight stop; an obstruction; hence, an irregularity in motion of from; a hitch; a break in the direction of a
Jogger (n.) One who jogs.
Jogging (n.) The act of giving a jog or jogs; traveling at a jog.
Joggle (n.) A notch or tooth in the joining surface of any piece of building material to prevent slipping; sometimes, but incorrectly, applied to a separate piece fitted into two adjacent stones, or the like.
Johannes (n.) A Portuguese gold coin of the value of eight dollars, named from the figure of King John which it bears; -- often contracted into joe; as, a joe, or a half joe.
Johannisberger (n.) A fine white wine produced on the estate of Schloss (or Castle) Johannisberg, on the Rhine.
John (n.) A proper name of a man.
Johnadreams (n.) A dreamy, idle fellow.
Johnny (n.) A familiar diminutive of John.
Johnny (n.) A sculpin.
Johnnycake (n.) A kind of bread made of the meal of maize (Indian corn), mixed with water or milk, etc., and baked.
Johnsonese (n.) The literary style of Dr. Samuel Johnson, or one formed in imitation of it; an inflated, stilted, or pompous style, affecting classical words.
Johnsonianism (n.) A manner of acting or of writing peculiar to, or characteristic of, Dr. Johnson.
John's-wort (n.) See St. John's-wort.
Join (n.) The
Joiner (n.) One who, or that which, joins.
Joiner (n.) One whose occupation is to construct articles by joining pieces of wood; a mechanic who does the woodwork (as doors, stairs, etc.) necessary for the finishing of buildings.
Joiner (n.) A wood-working machine, for sawing, plaining, mortising, tenoning, grooving, etc.
Joinery (n.) The art, or trade, of a joiner; the work of a joiner.
Joinhand (n.) Writing in which letters are joined in words; -- distinguished from writing in single letters.
Joint (n.) The place or part where two things or parts are joined or united; the union of two or more smooth or even surfaces admitting of a close-fitting or junction; junction as, a joint between two pieces of timber; a joint in a pipe.
Joint (n.) A joining of two things or parts so as to admit of motion; an articulation, whether movable or not; a hinge; as, the knee joint; a node or joint of a stem; a ball and socket joint. See Articulation.
Joint (n.) The part or space included between two joints, knots, nodes, or articulations; as, a joint of cane or of a grass stem; a joint of the leg.
Joint (n.) Any one of the large pieces of meat, as cut into portions by the butcher for roasting.
Joint (n.) A plane of fracture, or divisional plane, of a rock transverse to the stratification.
Joint (n.) The space between the adjacent surfaces of two bodies joined and held together, as by means of cement, mortar, etc.; as, a thin joint.
Joint (n.) The means whereby the meeting surfaces of pieces in a structure are secured together.
Jointer (n.) One who, or that which, joints.
Jointer (n.) A plane for smoothing the surfaces of pieces which are to be accurately joined
Jointer (n.) The longest plane used by a joiner.
Jointer (n.) A long stationary plane, for plaining the edges of barrel staves.
Jointer (n.) A bent piece of iron inserted to strengthen the joints of a wall.
Jointer (n.) A tool for pointing the joints in brickwork.
Joint-fir (n.) A genus (Ephedra) of leafless shrubs, with the stems conspicuously jointed; -- called also shrubby horsetail. There are about thirty species, of which two or three are found from Texas to California.
Jointing (n.) The act or process of making a joint; also, the joints thus produced.
Jointress (n.) A woman who has a jointure.
Jointure (n.) A joining; a joint.
Jointure (n.) An estate settled on a wife, which she is to enjoy after husband's decease, for her own life at least, in satisfaction of dower.
Jointuress (n.) See Jointress.
Jointweed (n.) A slender, nearly leafless, American herb (Polygonum articulatum), with jointed spikes of small flowers.
Jointworm (n.) The larva of a small, hymenopterous fly (Eurytoma hordei), which is found in gall-like swellings on the stalks of wheat, usually at or just above the first joint. In some parts of America it does great damage to the crop.
Joist (n.) A piece of timber laid horizontally, or nearly so, to which the planks of the floor, or the laths or furring strips of a ceiling, are nailed; -- called, according to its position or use, binding joist, bridging joist, ceiling joist, trimming joist, etc. See Illust. of Double-framed floor, under Double, a.
Joke (n.) Something said for the sake of exciting a laugh; something witty or sportive (commonly indicating more of hilarity or humor than jest); a jest; a witticism; as, to crack good-natured jokes.
Joke (n.) Something not said seriously, or not actually meant; something done in sport.
Joker (n.) One who makes jokes or jests.
Joker (n.) See Rest bower, under 2d Bower.
Jollification (n.) A merrymaking; noisy festivity.
Jolloment (n.) Jollity.
Jollity (n.) Noisy mirth; gayety; merriment; festivity; boisterous enjoyment.
Jolly-boat (n.) A boat of medium size belonging to a ship.
Jollyhead (n.) Jollity.
Jolt (n.) A sudden shock or jerk; a jolting motion, as in a carriage moving over rough ground.
Jolter (n.) One who, or that which, jolts.
Jolterhead (n.) Alt. of Jolthead
Jolthead (n.) A dunce; a blockhead.
Jonah (n.) The Hebrew prophet, who was cast overboard as one who endangered the ship; hence, any person whose presence is unpropitious.
Jongleur (n.) Alt. of Jongler
Jongler (n.) In the Middle Ages, a court attendant or other person who, for hire, recited or sang verses, usually of his own composition. See Troubadour.
Jongler (n.) A juggler; a conjuror. See Juggler.
Jonquil (n.) Alt. of Jonquille
Jonquille (n.) A bulbous plant of the genus Narcissus (N. Jonquilla), allied to the daffodil. It has long, rushlike leaves, and yellow or white fragrant flowers. The root has emetic properties. It is sometimes called the rush-leaved daffodil. See Illust. of Corona.
Joram (n.) See Jorum.
Jordan (n.) Alt. of Jorden
Jorden (n.) A pot or vessel with a large neck, formerly used by physicians and alchemists.
Jorden (n.) A chamber pot.
Jorum (n.) A large drinking vessel; also, its contents.
Joseph (n.) An outer garment worn in the 18th century; esp., a woman's riding habit, buttoned down the front.
Joso (n.) A small gudgeon.
Joss (n.) A Chinese household divinity; a Chinese idol.
Jostle (n.) A conflict by collisions; a crowding or bumping together; interference.
Jostlement (n.) Crowding; hustling.
Jot (n.) An iota; a point; a tittle; the smallest particle. Cf. Bit, n.
Jotter (n.) One who jots down memoranda.
Jotter (n.) A memorandum book.
Jougs (n.) An iron collar fastened to a wall or post, formerly used in Scotland as a kind of pillory. [Written also juggs.] See Juke.
Jouissance (n.) Jollity; merriment.
Joule (n.) A unit of work which is equal to 107 units of work in the C. G. S. system of units (ergs), and is practically equivalent to the energy expended in one second by an electric current of one ampere in a resistance of one ohm. One joule is approximately equal to 0.738 foot pounds.
Jounce (n.) A jolt; a shake; a hard trot.
Journalism (n.) The keeping of a journal or diary.
Journalism (n.) The periodical collection and publication of current news; the business of managing, editing, or writing for, journals or newspapers; as, political journalism.
Journalist (n.) One who keeps a journal or diary.
Journalist (n.) The conductor of a public journal, or one whose business it to write for a public journal; an editorial or other professional writer for a periodical.
Journey (n.) The travel or work of a day.
Journey (n.) Travel or passage from one place to another; hence, figuratively, a passage through life.
Journeyer (n.) One who journeys.
Journeyman (n.) Formerly, a man hired to work by the day; now, commonly, one who has mastered a handicraft or trade; -- distinguished from apprentice and from master workman.
Journeywork (n.) Originally, work done by the day; work done by a journeyman at his trade.
Jouster (n.) One who jousts or tilts.
Jove (n.) The chief divinity of the ancient Romans; Jupiter.
Jove (n.) The planet Jupiter.
Jove (n.) The metal tin.
Jovialist (n.) One who lives a jovial life.
Joviality (n.) The quality or state of being jovial.
Jovialness (n.) Noisy mirth; joviality.
Jovialty (n.) Joviality.
Jovinianist (n.) An adherent to the doctrines of Jovinian, a monk of the fourth century, who denied the virginity of Mary, and opposed the asceticism of his time.
Jowl (n.) The cheek; the jaw.
Jowler (n.) A dog with large jowls, as the beagle.
Jowter (n.) A mounted peddler of fish; -- called also jouster.
Joy (n.) The passion or emotion excited by the acquisition or expectation of good; pleasurable feelings or emotions caused by success, good fortune, and the like, or by a rational prospect of possessing what we love or desire; gladness; exhilaration of spirits; delight.
Joy (n.) That which causes joy or happiness.
Joy (n.) The sign or exhibition of joy; gayety; mirth; merriment; festivity.
Joy (n.) To rejoice; to be glad; to delight; to exult.
Joyace (n.) Enjoyment; gayety; festivity; joyfulness.
Joyancy (n.) Joyance.
Jub (n.) A vessel for holding ale or wine; a jug.
Juba (n.) The mane of an animal.
Juba (n.) A loose panicle, the axis of which falls to pieces, as in certain grasses.
Jube (n.) chancel screen or rood screen.
Jube (n.) gallery above such a screen, from which certain parts of the service were formerly read.
Jubilate (n.) The third Sunday after Easter; -- so called because the introit is the 66th Psalm, which, in the Latin version, begins with the words, "Jubilate Deo."
Jubilate (n.) A name of the 100th Psalm; -- so called from its opening word in the Latin version.
Jubilation (n.) A triumphant shouting; rejoicing; exultation.
Jubilee (n.) Every fiftieth year, being the year following the completion of each seventh sabbath of years, at which time all the slaves of Hebrew blood were liberated, and all lands which had been alienated during the whole period reverted to their former owners.
Jubilee (n.) The joyful commemoration held on the fiftieth anniversary of any event; as, the jubilee of Queen Victoria's reign; the jubilee of the American Board of Missions.
Jubilee (n.) A church solemnity or ceremony celebrated at Rome, at stated intervals, originally of one hundred years, but latterly of twenty-five; a plenary and extraordinary indulgence grated by the sovereign pontiff to the universal church. One invariable condition of granting this indulgence is the confession of sins and receiving of the eucharist.
Jubilee (n.) A season of general joy.
Jubilee (n.) A state of joy or exultation.
Jucundity (n.) Pleasantness; agreeableness. See Jocundity.
Judahite (n.) One of the tribe of Judah; a member of the kingdom of Judah; a Jew.
Judaism (n.) The religious doctrines and rites of the Jews as enjoined in the laws of Moses.
Judaism (n.) Conformity to the Jewish rites and ceremonies.
Judaist (n.) One who believes and practices Judaism.
Judaization (n.) The act of Judaizing; a conforming to the Jewish religion or ritual.
Judaizer (n.) One who conforms to or inculcates Judaism; specifically, pl. (Ch. Hist.), those Jews who accepted Christianity but still adhered to the law of Moses and worshiped in the temple at Jerusalem.
Judas (n.) The disciple who betrayed Christ. Hence: A treacherous person; one who betrays under the semblance of friendship.
Juddock (n.) See Jacksnipe.
Judean (n.) A native of Judea; a Jew.
Judger (n.) One who judges.
Judgeship (n.) The office of a judge.
Judicatory (n.) A court of justice; a tribunal.
Judicatory (n.) Administration of justice.
Judicature (n.) The state or profession of those employed in the administration of justice; also, the dispensing or administration of justice.
Judicature (n.) A court of justice; a judicatory.
Judicature (n.) The right of judicial action; jurisdiction; extent jurisdiction of a judge or court.
Judiciary (n.) That branch of government in which judicial power is vested; the system of courts of justice in a country; the judges, taken collectively; as, an independent judiciary; the senate committee on the judiciary.
Judiciousness (n.) The quality or state of being judicious; sagacity; sound judgment.
Jug (n.) A vessel, usually of coarse earthenware, with a swelling belly and narrow mouth, and having a handle on one side.
Jug (n.) A pitcher; a ewer.
Jug (n.) A prison; a jail; a lockup.
Juge (n.) A judge.
Jugement (n.) Judgment.
Juger (n.) A Roman measure of land, measuring 28,800 square feet, or 240 feet in length by 120 in breadth.
Jugger (n.) An East Indian falcon. See Lugger.
Juggernaut (n.) One of the names under which Vishnu, in his incarnation as Krishna, is worshiped by the Hindoos.
Juggle (n.) A trick by sleight of hand.
Juggle (n.) An imposture; a deception.
Juggle (n.) A block of timber cut to a length, either in the round or split.
Juggler (n.) One who practices or exhibits tricks by sleight of hand; one skilled in legerdemain; a conjurer.
Juggler (n.) A deceiver; a cheat.
Juggleress (n.) A female juggler.
Jugglery (n.) The art or act of a juggler; sleight of hand.
Jugglery (n.) Trickery; imposture; as, political jugglery.
Juggling (n.) Jugglery; underhand practice.
Juglandin (n.) An extractive matter contained in the juice of the green shucks of the walnut (Juglans regia). It is used medicinally as an alterative, and also as a black hair dye.
Juglandine (n.) An alkaloid found in the leaves of the walnut (Juglans regia).
Juglans (n.) A genus of valuable trees, including the true walnut of Europe, and the America black walnut, and butternut.
Juglone (n.) A yellow crystal
Jugulum (n.) The lower throat, or that part of the neck just above the breast.
Jugum (n.) One of the ridges commonly found on the fruit of umbelliferous plants.
Jugum (n.) A pair of the opposite leaflets of a pinnate plant.
Juice (n.) The characteristic fluid of any vegetable or animal substance; the sap or part which can be expressed from fruit, etc.; the fluid part which separates from meat in cooking.
Juiciness (n.) The state or quality of being juicy; succulence plants.
Juise (n.) Judgment; justice; sentence.
Jujube (n.) The sweet and edible drupes (fruits) of several Mediterranean and African species of small trees, of the genus Zizyphus, especially the Z. jujuba, Z. vulgaris, Z. mucronata, and Z. Lotus. The last named is thought to have furnished the lotus of the ancient Libyan Lotophagi, or lotus eaters.
Juke (n.) The neck of a bird.
Julep (n.) A refreshing drink flavored with aromatic herbs
Julep (n.) a sweet, demulcent, acidulous, or mucilaginous mixture, used as a vehicle.
Julep (n.) A beverage composed of brandy, whisky, or some other spirituous liquor, with sugar, pounded ice, and sprigs of mint; -- called also mint julep.
Julienne (n.) A kind of soup containing thin slices or shreds of carrots, onions, etc.
Julus (n.) A catkin or ament. See Ament.
July (n.) The seventh month of the year, containing thirty-one days.
July-flower (n.) See Gillyflower.
Jumart (n.) The fabled offspring of a bull and a mare.
Jumble (n.) A confused mixture; a mass or collection without order; as, a jumble of words.
Jumble (n.) A small, thin, sugared cake, usually ring-shaped.
Jumblement (n.) Confused mixture.
Jumbler (n.) One who confuses things.
Jument (n.) A beast; especially, a beast of burden.
Jump (n.) A kind of loose jacket for men.
Jump (n.) A bodice worn instead of stays by women in the 18th century.
Jump (n.) The act of jumping; a leap; a spring; a bound.
Jump (n.) An effort; an attempt; a venture.
Jump (n.) The space traversed by a leap.
Jump (n.) A dislocation in a stratum; a fault.
Jump (n.) An abrupt interruption of level in a piece of brickwork or masonry.
Jumper (n.) One who, or that which, jumps.
Jumper (n.) A long drilling tool used by masons and quarrymen.
Jumper (n.) A rude kind of sleigh; -- usually, a simple box on runners which are in one piece with the poles that form the thills.
Jumper (n.) The larva of the cheese fly. See Cheese fly, under Cheese.
Jumper (n.) A name applied in the 18th century to certain Calvinistic Methodists in Wales whose worship was characterized by violent convulsions.
Jumper (n.) spring to impel the star wheel, also a pawl to lock fast a wheel, in a repeating timepiece.
Jumper (n.) A loose upper garment
Jumper (n.) A sort of blouse worn by workmen over their ordinary dress to protect it.
Jumper (n.) A fur garment worn in Arctic journeys.
Juncate (n.) See Junket.
Juncite (n.) A fossil rush.
Junco (n.) Any bird of the genus Junco, which includes several species of North American finches; -- called also snowbird, or blue snowbird.
Junction (n.) The act of joining, or the state of being joined; union; combination; coalition; as, the junction of two armies or detachments; the junction of paths.
Junction (n.) The place or point of union, meeting, or junction; specifically, the place where two or more
Juncture (n.) A joining; a union; an alliance.
Juncture (n.) The
Juncture (n.) A point of time; esp., one made critical or important by a concurrence of circumstances; hence, a crisis; an exigency.
June (n.) The sixth month of the year, containing thirty days.
Juneating (n.) A kind of early apple.
Juneberry (n.) The small applelike berry of American trees of genus Amelanchier; -- also called service berry.
Juneberry (n.) The shrub or tree which bears this fruit; -- also called shad bush, and had tree.
Jungermannia (n.) A genus of hepatic mosses, now much circumscribed, but formerly comprising most plants of the order, which is sometimes therefore called Jungermanniaceae.
Jungle (n.) A dense growth of brushwood, grasses, reeds, vines, etc.; an almost impenetrable thicket of trees, canes, and reedy vegetation, as in India, Africa, Australia, and Brazil.
Junior (n.) Belonging to a younger person, or an earlier time of life.
Junior (n.) A younger person.
Junior (n.) Hence: One of a lower or later standing; specifically, in American colleges, one in the third year of his course, one in the fourth or final year being designated a senior; in some seminaries, one in the first year, in others, one in the second year, of a three years' course.
Juniority (n.) The state or quality of being junior.
Juniper (n.) Any evergreen shrub or tree, of the genus Juniperus and order Coniferae.
Juniperin (n.) A yellow amorphous substance extracted from juniper berries.
Juniperite (n.) One of the fossil Coniferae, evidently allied to the juniper.
Junk (n.) A fragment of any solid substance; a thick piece. See Chunk.
Junk (n.) Pieces of old cable or old cordage, used for making gaskets, mats, swabs, etc., and when picked to pieces, forming oakum for filling the seams of ships.
Junk (n.) Old iron, or other metal, glass, paper, etc., bought and sold by junk dealers.
Junk (n.) Hard salted beef supplied to ships.
Junk (n.) A large vessel, without keel or prominent stem, and with huge masts in one piece, used by the Chinese, Japanese, Siamese, Malays, etc., in navigating their waters.
Junker (n.) A young German noble or squire; esp., a member of the aristocratic party in Prussia.
Junkerism (n.) The principles of the aristocratic party in Prussia.
Junket (n.) A cheese cake; a sweetmeat; any delicate food.
Junket (n.) A feast; an entertainment.
Junketing (n.) A feast or entertainment; a revel.
June (n.) The sister and wife of Jupiter, the queen of heaven, and the goddess who presided over marriage. She corresponds to the Greek Hera.
June (n.) One of the early discovered asteroids.
Junta (n.) A council; a convention; a tribunal; an assembly; esp., the grand council of state in Spain.
Junto (n.) A secret council to deliberate on affairs of government or politics; a number of men combined for party intrigue; a faction; a cabal; as, a junto of ministers; a junto of politicians.
Junartie (n.) Jeopardy.
Jupe (n.) Same as Jupon.
Jupiter (n.) The supreme deity, king of gods and men, and reputed to be the son of Saturn and Rhea; Jove. He corresponds to the Greek Zeus.
Jupiter (n.) One of the planets, being the brightest except Venus, and the largest of them all, its mean diameter being about 85,000 miles. It revolves about the sun in 4,332.6 days, at a mean distance of 5.2028 from the sun, the earth's mean distance being taken as unity.
Jupon (n.) Alt. of Juppon
Juppon (n.) A sleeveless jacket worn over the armor in the 14th century. It fitted closely, and descended below the hips.
Juppon (n.) A petticoat.
Jura (n.) 1. A range of mountains between France and Switzerland.
Jura (n.) The Jurassic period. See Jurassic.
Juramentum (n.) An oath.
Jurassic (n.) The Jurassic period or formation; -- called also the Jura.
Jurat (n.) A person under oath; specifically, an officer of the nature of an alderman, in certain municipal corporations in England.
Jurat (n.) The memorandum or certificate at the end of an asffidavit, or a bill or answer in chancery, showing when, before whom, and (in English practice), where, it was sworn or affirmed.
Jura-trias (n.) A term applied to many American Mesozoic strata, in which the characteristics of the Jurassic and Triassic periods appear to be blended.
Jurdiccion (n.) Jurisdiction.
Jurdon (n.) Jordan.
Jurel (n.) A yellow carangoid fish of the Atlantic and Gulf coasts (Caranx chrysos), most abundant southward, where it is valued as a food fish; -- called also hardtail, horse crevalle, jack, buffalo jack, skipjack, yellow mackerel, and sometimes, improperly, horse mackerel. Other species of Caranx (as C. fallax) are also sometimes called jurel.
Jurisconsult (n.) A man learned in the civil law; an expert in juridical science; a professor of jurisprudence; a jurist.
Jurisprudent (n.) One skilled in law or jurisprudence.
Juror (n.) A member of a jury; a juryman.
Juror (n.) A member of any jury for awarding prizes, etc.
Juryman (n.) One who is impaneled on a jury, or who serves as a juror.
Jussi (n.) A delicate fiber, produced in the Philippine Islands from an unidentified plant, of which dresses, etc., are made.
Just (n.) A joust.
Justicehood (n.) Justiceship.
Justicement (n.) Administration of justice; procedure in courts of justice.
Justicer (n.) One who administers justice; a judge.
Justiceship (n.) The office or dignity of a justice.
Justiciar (n.) Same as Justiciary.
Justiciary (n.) An old name for the judges of the higher English courts.
Justico (n.) Alt. of Justicoat
Justicoat (n.) Formerly, a close coat or waistcoat with sleeves.
Justification (n.) The act of justifying or the state of being justified; a showing or proving to be just or conformable to law, justice, right, or duty; defense; vindication; support; as, arguments in justification of the prisoner's conduct; his disobedience admits justification.
Justification (n.) The showing in court of a sufficient lawful reason why a party charged or accused did that for which he is called to answer.
Justification (n.) The act of justifying, or the state of being justified, in respect to God's requirements.
Justification (n.) Adjustment of type by spacing it so as to make it exactly fill a
Justificator (n.) One who justifies or vindicates; a justifier.
Justifier (n.) One who justifies; one who vindicates, supports, defends, or absolves.
Justle (n.) An encounter or shock; a jostle.
Justness (n.) The quality of being just; conformity to truth, propriety, accuracy, exactness, and the like; justice; reasonableness; fairness; equity; as, justness of proportions; the justness of a description or representation; the justness of a cause.
Jut (n.) That which projects or juts; a projection.
Jut (n.) A shove; a push.
Jute (n.) The coarse, strong fiber of the East Indian Corchorus olitorius, and C. capsularis; also, the plant itself. The fiber is much used for making mats, gunny cloth, cordage, hangings, paper, etc.
Jutlander (n.) A native or inhabitant of Jutland in Denmark.
Jutty (n.) A projection in a building; also, a pier or mole; a jetty.
Juvenal (n.) A youth.
Juvenescence (n.) A growing young.
Juvenile (n.) A young person or youth; -- used sportively or familiarly.
Juvenileness (n.) The state or quality of being juvenile; juvenility.
Juvenility (n.) Youthfulness; adolescence.
Juvenility (n.) The manners or character of youth; immaturity.
Juvia (n.) A Brazilian name for the lofty myrtaceous tree (Bertholetia excelsa) which produces the large seeds known as Brazil nuts.
Juwansa (n.) The camel's thorn. See under Camel.
Juwise (n.) Same as Juise.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken
, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".