Singular Nouns Starting with P

Pa (n.) A shortened form of Papa.

Paage (n.) A toll for passage over another person's grounds.

Paard (n.) The zebra.

Paas (n.) Pace

Paas (n.) The Easter festival.

Pabulation (n.) The act of feeding, or providing food.

Pabulation (n.) Food; fodder; pabulum.

Pabulum (n.) The means of nutriment to animals or plants; food; nourishment; hence, that which feeds or sustains, as fuel for a fire; that upon which the mind or soul is nourished; as, intellectual pabulum.

Pac (n.) A kind of moccasin, having the edges of the sole turned up and sewed to the upper.

Paca (n.) A small South American rodent (Coelogenys paca), having blackish brown fur, with four parallel rows of white spots along its sides; the spotted cavy. It is nearly allied to the agouti and the Guinea pig.

Pacane (n.) A species of hickory. See Pecan.

Pacation (n.) The act of pacifying; a peacemaking.

Pace (n.) A single movement from one foot to the other in walking; a step.

Pace (n.) The length of a step in walking or marching, reckoned from the heel of one foot to the heel of the other; -- used as a unit in measuring distances; as, he advanced fifty paces.

Pace (n.) Manner of stepping or moving; gait; walk; as, the walk, trot, canter, gallop, and amble are paces of the horse; a swaggering pace; a quick pace.

Pace (n.) A slow gait; a footpace.

Pace (n.) Specifically, a kind of fast amble; a rack.

Pace (n.) Any single movement, step, or procedure.

Pace (n.) A broad step or platform; any part of a floor slightly raised above the rest, as around an altar, or at the upper end of a hall.

Pace (n.) A device in a loom, to maintain tension on the warp in pacing the web.

Pacer (n.) One who, or that which, paces; especially, a horse that paces.

Pacha (n.) See Pasha.

Pachacamac (n.) A divinity worshiped by the ancient Peruvians as the creator of the universe.

Pachak (n.) The fragrant roots of the Saussurea Costus, exported from India to China, and used for burning as incense. It is supposed to be the costus of the ancients.

Pachisi (n.) Alt. of Parchesi

Parchesi (n.) A game, somewhat resembling backgammon, originating in India.

Pachometer (n.) An instrument for measuring thickness, as of the glass of a mirror, or of paper; a pachymeter.

Pachonta (n.) A substance resembling gutta-percha, and used to adulterate it, obtained from the East Indian tree Isonandra acuminata.

Pachydactyl (n.) A bird or other animal having thick toes.

Pachyderm (n.) One of the Pachydermata.

Pachymeningitis (n.) Inflammation of the dura mater or outer membrane of the brain.

Pachymeter (n.) Same as Pachometer.

Pachyote (n.) One of a family of bats, including those which have thick external ears.

Pacification (n.) The act or process of pacifying, or of making peace between parties at variance; reconciliation.

Pacificator (n.) One who, or that which, pacifies; a peacemaker.

Pacfier (n.) One who pacifies.

Pack (n.) A pact.

Pack (n.) A bundle made up and prepared to be carried; especially, a bundle to be carried on the back; a load for an animal; a bale, as of goods.

Pack (n.) A number or quantity equal to the contents of a pack; hence, a multitude; a burden.

Pack (n.) A number or quantity of connected or similar things

Pack (n.) A full set of playing cards; also, the assortment used in a particular game; as, a euchre pack.

Pack (n.) A number of hounds or dogs, hunting or kept together.

Pack (n.) A number of persons associated or leagued in a bad design or practice; a gang; as, a pack of thieves or knaves.

Pack (n.) A shook of cask staves.

Pack (n.) A bundle of sheet-iron plates for rolling simultaneously.

Pack (n.) A large area of floating pieces of ice driven together more or less closely.

Pack (n.) An envelope, or wrapping, of sheets used in hydropathic practice, called dry pack, wet pack, cold pack, etc., according to the method of treatment.

Pack (n.) A loose, lewd, or worthless person. See Baggage.

Pack (n.) To make a pack of; to arrange closely and securely in a pack; hence, to place and arrange compactly as in a pack; to press into close order or narrow compass; as to pack goods in a box; to pack fish.

Pack (n.) To fill in the manner of a pack, that is, compactly and securely, as for transportation; hence, to fill closely or to repletion; to stow away within; to cause to be full; to crowd into; as, to pack a trunk; the play, or the audience, packs the theater.

Pack (n.) To sort and arrange (the cards) in a pack so as to secure the game unfairly.

Pack (n.) Hence: To bring together or make up unfairly and fraudulently, in order to secure a certain result; as, to pack a jury or a causes.

Pack (n.) To contrive unfairly or fraudulently; to plot.

Pack (n.) To load with a pack; hence, to load; to encumber; as, to pack a horse.

Pack (n.) To cause to go; to send away with baggage or belongings; esp., to send away peremptorily or suddenly; -- sometimes with off; as, to pack a boy off to school.

Pack (n.) To transport in a pack, or in the manner of a pack (i. e., on the backs of men or beasts).

Pack (n.) To envelop in a wet or dry sheet, within numerous coverings. See Pack, n., 5.

Pack (n.) To render impervious, as by filling or surrounding with suitable material, or to fit or adjust so as to move without giving passage to air, water, or steam; as, to pack a joint; to pack the piston of a steam engine.

Package (n.) Act or process of packing.

Package (n.) A bundle made up for transportation; a packet; a bale; a parcel; as, a package of goods.

Package (n.) A charge made for packing goods.

Package (n.) A duty formerly charged in the port of London on goods imported or exported by aliens, or by denizens who were the sons of aliens.

Packer (n.) A person whose business is to pack things; especially, one who packs food for preservation; as, a pork packer.

Packet (n.) A small pack or package; a little bundle or parcel; as, a packet of letters.

Packet (n.) Originally, a vessel employed by government to convey dispatches or mails; hence, a vessel employed in conveying dispatches, mails, passengers, and goods, and having fixed days of sailing; a mail boat.

Packfong (n.) A Chinese alloy of nickel, zinc, and copper, resembling German silver.

Packhouse (n.) Warehouse for storing goods.

Packing (n.) The act or process of one who packs.

Packing (n.) Any material used to pack, fill up, or make close.

Packing (n.) A substance or piece used to make a joint impervious

Packing (n.) A thin layer, or sheet, of yielding or elastic material inserted between the surfaces of a flange joint.

Packing (n.) The substance in a stuffing box, through which a piston rod slides.

Packing (n.) A yielding ring, as of metal, which surrounds a piston and maintains a tight fit, as inside a cylinder, etc.

Packing (n.) Same as Filling.

Packing (n.) A trick; collusion.

Packman (n.) One who bears a pack; a peddler.

Packwax (n.) Same as Paxwax.

Packway (n.) A path, as over mountains, followed by pack animals.

Paco (n.) Alt. of Pacos

Pacos (n.) Same as Alpaca.

Pacos (n.) An earthy-looking ore, consisting of brown oxide of iron with minute particles of native silver.

Paction (n.) An agreement; a compact; a bargain.

Pacu (n.) A South American freah-water fish (Myleies pacu), of the family Characinidae. It is highly esteemed as food.

Pad (n.) A footpath; a road.

Pad (n.) An easy-paced horse; a padnag.

Pad (n.) A robber that infests the road on foot; a highwayman; -- usually called a footpad.

Pad (n.) The act of robbing on the highway.

Pad (n.) A soft, or small, cushion; a mass of anything soft; stuffing.

Pad (n.) A kind of cushion for writing upon, or for blotting; esp., one formed of many flat sheets of writing paper, or layers of blotting paper; a block of paper.

Pad (n.) A cushion used as a saddle without a tree or frame.

Pad (n.) A stuffed guard or protection; esp., one worn on the legs of horses to prevent bruising.

Pad (n.) A cushionlike thickening of the skin one the under side of the toes of animals.

Pad (n.) A floating leaf of a water lily or similar plant.

Pad (n.) A soft bag or cushion to relieve pressure, support a part, etc.

Pad (n.) A piece of timber fixed on a beam to fit the curve of the deck.

Pad (n.) A measure for fish; as, sixty mackerel go to a pad; a basket of soles.

Padar (n.) Groats; coarse flour or meal.

Padder (n.) One who, or that which, pads.

Padder (n.) A highwayman; a footpad.

Padding (n.) The act or process of making a pad or of inserting stuffing.

Padding (n.) The material with which anything is padded.

Padding (n.) Material of inferior value, serving to extend a book, essay, etc.

Padding (n.) The uniform impregnation of cloth with a mordant.

Paddlecock (n.) The lumpfish.

Paddlefish (n.) A large ganoid fish (Polyodon spathula) found in the rivers of the Mississippi Valley. It has a long spatula-shaped snout. Called also duck-billed cat, and spoonbill sturgeon.

Padder (n.) One who, or that which, paddles.

Paddlewood (n.) The light elastic wood of the Aspidosperma excelsum, a tree of Guiana having a fluted trunk readily split into planks.

Paddock (n.) A toad or frog.

Paddock (n.) A small inclosure or park for sporting.

Paddock (n.) A small inclosure for pasture; esp., one adjoining a stable.

Paddy (n.) A jocose or contemptuous name for an Irishman.

Paddy (n.) Unhusked rice; -- commonly so called in the East Indies.

Padelion (n.) A plant with pedately lobed leaves; the lady's mantle.

Padella (n.) A large cup or deep saucer, containing fatty matter in which a wick is placed, -- used for public illuminations, as at St. Peter's, in Rome. Called also padelle.

Pademelon (n.) See Wallaby.

Padesoy (n.) See Paduasoy.

Padge (n.) The barn owl; -- called also pudge, and pudge owl.

Padishah (n.) Chief ruler; monarch; sovereign; -- a title of the Sultan of Turkey, and of the Shah of Persia.

Padlock (n.) A portable lock with a bow which is usually jointed or pivoted at one end so that it can be opened, the other end being fastened by the bolt, -- used for fastening by passing the bow through a staple over a hasp or through the links of a chain, etc.

Padlock (n.) Fig.: A curb; a restraint.

Padnag (n.) An ambling nag.

Padow (n.) A paddock, or toad.

Padrone (n.) A patron; a protector.

Padrone (n.) The master of a small coaster in the Mediterranean.

Padrone (n.) A man who imports, and controls the earnings of, Italian laborers, street musicians, etc.

Paduasoy (n.) A rich and heavy silk stuff.

Paean (n.) An ancient Greek hymn in honor of Apollo as a healing deity, and, later, a song addressed to other deities.

Paean (n.) Any loud and joyous song; a song of triumph.

Paean (n.) See Paeon.

Paedobaptism (n.) Pedobaptism.

Paedogenesis (n.) Reproduction by young or larval animals.

Paeon (n.) A foot of four syllables, one long and three short, admitting of four combinations, according to the place of the long syllable.

Paeonine (n.) An artifical red nitrogenous dyestuff, called also red coral

Paeony (n.) See Peony.

Pagan (n.) One who worships false gods; an idolater; a heathen; one who is neither a Christian, a Mohammedan, nor a Jew.

Pagan (n.) Of or pertaining to pagans; relating to the worship or the worshipers of false goods; heathen; idolatrous, as, pagan tribes or superstitions.

Pagandom (n.) The pagan lands; pagans, collectively; paganism.

Paganism (n.) The state of being pagan; pagan characteristics; esp., the worship of idols or false gods, or the system of religious opinions and worship maintained by pagans; heathenism.

Paganity (n.) The state of being a pagan; paganism.

Page (n.) A serving boy; formerly, a youth attending a person of high degree, especially at courts, as a position of honor and education; now commonly, in England, a youth employed for doing errands, waiting on the door, and similar service in households; in the United States, a boy employed to wait upon the members of a legislative body.

Page (n.) A boy child.

Page (n.) A contrivance, as a band, pin, snap, or the like, to hold the skirt of a woman's dress from the ground.

Page (n.) A track along which pallets carrying newly molded bricks are conveyed to the hack.

Page (n.) Any one of several species of beautiful South American moths of the genus Urania.

Page (n.) One side of a leaf of a book or manuscript.

Page (n.) Fig.: A record; a writing; as, the page of history.

Page (n.) The type set up for printing a page.

Pageant (n.) A theatrical exhibition; a spectacle.

Pageant (n.) An elaborate exhibition devised for the entertainmeut of a distinguished personage, or of the public; a show, spectacle, or display.

Pageantry (n.) Scenic shows or spectacles, taken collectively; spectacular quality; splendor.

Pagehood (n.) The state of being a page.

Pagina (n.) The surface of a leaf or of a flattened thallus.

Pagination (n.) The act or process of paging a book; also, the characters used in numbering the pages; page number.

Paging (n.) The marking or numbering of the pages of a book.

Pagod (n.) A pagoda. [R.] "Or some queer pagod."

Pagod (n.) An idol.

Pagoda (n.) A term by which Europeans designate religious temples and tower-like buildings of the Hindoos and Buddhists of India, Farther India, China, and Japan, -- usually but not always, devoted to idol worship.

Pagoda (n.) An idol.

Pagoda (n.) A gold or silver coin, of various kinds and values, formerly current in India. The Madras gold pagoda was worth about three and a half rupees.

Pagodite (n.) Agalmatolite; -- so called because sometimes carved by the Chinese into the form of pagodas. See Agalmatolite.

Paguma (n.) Any one of several species of East Indian viverrine mammals of the genus Paguma. They resemble a weasel in form.

Pagurian (n.) Any one of a tribe of anomuran crustaceans, of which Pagurus is a type; the hermit crab. See Hermit crab, under Hermit.

Pah (n.) A kind of stockaded intrenchment.

Pahi (n.) A large war canoe of the Society Islands.

Pahlevi (n.) Same as Pehlevi.

Pahoehoe (n.) A name given in the Sandwich Islands to lava having a relatively smooth surface, in distinction from the rough-surfaced lava, called a-a.

Paideutics (n.) The science or art of teaching.

Paigle (n.) A species of Primula, either the cowslip or the primrose.

Paijama (n.) Pyjama.

Pail (n.) A vessel of wood or tin, etc., usually cylindrical and having a bail, -- used esp. for carrying liquids, as water or milk, etc.; a bucket. It may, or may not, have a cover.

Pailful (n.) The quantity that a pail will hold.

Paillasse (n.) An under bed or mattress of straw.

Pain (n.) Punishment suffered or denounced; suffering or evil inflicted as a punishment for crime, or connected with the commission of a crime; penalty.

Pain (n.) Any uneasy sensation in animal bodies, from slight uneasiness to extreme distress or torture, proceeding from a derangement of functions, disease, or injury by violence; bodily distress; bodily suffering; an ache; a smart.

Pain (n.) Specifically, the throes or travail of childbirth.

Pain (n.) Uneasiness of mind; mental distress; disquietude; anxiety; grief; solicitude; anguish.

Pain (n.) See Pains, labor, effort.

Pain (n.) To inflict suffering upon as a penalty; to punish.

Pain (n.) To put to bodily uneasiness or anguish; to afflict with uneasy sensations of any degree of intensity; to torment; to torture; as, his dinner or his wound pained him; his stomach pained him.

Pain (n.) To render uneasy in mind; to disquiet; to distress; to grieve; as a child's faults pain his parents.

Painim (n.) A pagan; an infidel; -- used also adjectively.

Pains (n.) Labor; toilsome effort; care or trouble taken; -- plural in form, but used with a singular or plural verb, commonly the former.

Painstaker (n.) One who takes pains; one careful and faithful in all work.

Painstaking (n.) The act of taking pains; carefulness and fidelity in performance.

Paint (n.) A pigment or coloring substance.

Paint (n.) The same prepared with a vehicle, as oil, water with gum, or the like, for application to a surface.

Paint (n.) A cosmetic; rouge.

Painter (n.) A rope at the bow of a boat, used to fasten it to anything.

Painter (n.) The panther, or puma.

Painter (n.) One whose occupation is to paint

Painter (n.) One who covers buildings, ships, ironwork, and the like, with paint.

Painter (n.) An artist who represents objects or scenes in color on a flat surface, as canvas, plaster, or the like.

Paintership (n.) The state or position of being a painter.

Painting (n.) The act or employment of laying on, or adorning with, paints or colors.

Painting (n.) The work of the painter; also, any work of art in which objects are represented in color on a flat surface; a colored representation of any object or scene; a picture.

Painting (n.) Color laid on; paint.

Painting (n.) A depicting by words; vivid representation in words.

Pair (n.) A number of things resembling one another, or belonging together; a set; as, a pair or flight of stairs. "A pair of beads." Chaucer. Beau. & Fl. "Four pair of stairs." Macaulay. [Now mostly or quite disused, except as to stairs.]

Pair (n.) Two things of a kind, similar in form, suited to each other, and intended to be used together; as, a pair of gloves or stockings; a pair of shoes.

Pair (n.) Two of a sort; a span; a yoke; a couple; a brace; as, a pair of horses; a pair of oxen.

Pair (n.) A married couple; a man and wife.

Pair (n.) A single thing, composed of two pieces fitted to each other and used together; as, a pair of scissors; a pair of tongs; a pair of bellows.

Pair (n.) Two members of opposite parties or opinion, as in a parliamentary body, who mutually agree not to vote on a given question, or on issues of a party nature during a specified time; as, there were two pairs on the final vote.

Pair (n.) In a mechanism, two elements, or bodies, which are so applied to each other as to mutually constrain relative motion.

Pairer (n.) One who impairs.

Pairment (n.) Impairment.

Pais (n.) The country; the people of the neighborhood.

Paisano (n.) The chaparral cock.

Paise (n.) See Poise.

Pajock (n.) A peacock.

Pakfong (n.) See Packfong.

Pal (n.) A mate; a partner; esp., an accomplice or confederate.

Palace (n.) The residence of a sovereign, including the lodgings of high officers of state, and rooms for business, as well as halls for ceremony and reception.

Palace (n.) The official residence of a bishop or other distinguished personage.

Palace (n.) Loosely, any unusually magnificent or stately house.

Paladin (n.) A knight-errant; a distinguished champion; as, the paladins of Charlemagne.

Palaeotype (n.) A system of representing all spoken sounds by means of the printing types in common use.

Palaestra (n.) See Palestra.

Palaetiologist (n.) One versed in palaetiology.

Palaetiology (n.) The science which explains, by the law of causation, the past condition and changes of the earth.

Palama (n.) A membrane extending between the toes of a bird, and uniting them more or less closely together.

Palampore (n.) See Palempore.

Palanka (n.) A camp permanently intrenched, attached to Turkish frontier fortresses.

Palanquin (n.) An inclosed carriage or litter, commonly about eight feet long, four feet wide, and four feet high, borne on the shoulders of men by means of two projecting poles, -- used in India, China, etc., for the conveyance of a single person from place to place.

Palapteryx (n.) A large extinct ostrichlike bird of New Zealand.

Palatability (n.) Palatableness.

Palatableness (n.) The quality or state of being agreeable to the taste; relish; acceptableness.

Palatal (n.) A sound uttered, or a letter pronounced, by the aid of the palate, as the letters k and y.

Palate (n.) The roof of the mouth.

Palate (n.) Relish; taste; liking; -- a sense originating in the mistaken notion that the palate is the organ of taste.

Palate (n.) Fig.: Mental relish; intellectual taste.

Palate (n.) A projection in the throat of such flowers as the snapdragon.

Palatial (n.) A palatal letter.

Palatic (n.) A palatal.

Palatinate (n.) The province or seigniory of a palatine; the dignity of a palatine.

Palatine (n.) One invested with royal privileges and rights within his domains; a count palatine. See Count palatine, under 4th Count.

Palatine (n.) The Palatine hill in Rome.

Palatine (n.) A palatine bone.

Palaver (n.) Talk; conversation; esp., idle or beguiling talk; talk intended to deceive; flattery.

Palaver (n.) In Africa, a parley with the natives; a talk; hence, a public conference and deliberation; a debate.

Palaverer (n.) One who palavers; a flatterer.

Pale (n.) Paleness; pallor.

Pale (n.) A pointed stake or slat, either driven into the ground, or fastened to a rail at the top and bottom, for fencing or inclosing; a picket.

Pale (n.) That which incloses or fences in; a boundary; a limit; a fence; a palisade.

Pale (n.) A space or field having bounds or limits; a limited region or place; an inclosure; -- often used figuratively.

Pale (n.) A stripe or band, as on a garment.

Pale (n.) One of the greater ordinaries, being a broad perpendicular stripe in an escutcheon, equally distant from the two edges, and occupying one third of it.

Pale (n.) A cheese scoop.

Pale (n.) A shore for bracing a timber before it is fastened.

Palea (n.) The interior chaff or husk of grasses.

Palea (n.) One of the chaffy scales or bractlets growing on the receptacle of many compound flowers, as the Coreopsis, the sunflower, etc.

Palea (n.) A pendulous process of the skin on the throat of a bird, as in the turkey; a dewlap.

Paleface (n.) A white person; -- an appellation supposed to have been applied to the whites by the American Indians.

Palempore (n.) A superior kind of dimity made in India, -- used for bed coverings.

Paleness (n.) The quality or condition of being pale; want of freshness or ruddiness; a sickly whiteness; lack of color or luster; wanness.

Paleobotanist (n.) One versed in paleobotany.

Paleobotany (n.) That branch of paleontology which treats of fossil plants.

Paleograph (n.) An ancient manuscript.

Paleographer (n.) One skilled in paleography; a paleographist.

Paleographist (n.) One versed in paleography; a paleographer.

Paleography (n.) An ancient manner of writing; ancient writings, collectively; as, Punic paleography.

Paleography (n.) The study of ancient inscriptions and modes of writing; the art or science of deciphering ancient writings, and determining their origin, period, etc., from external characters; diplomatics.

Paleola (n.) A diminutive or secondary palea; a lodicule.

Paleolith (n.) A relic of the Paleolithic era.

Paleologist (n.) One versed in paleology; a student of antiquity.

Paleology (n.) The study or knowledge of antiquities, esp. of prehistoric antiquities; a discourse or treatise on antiquities; archaeology .

Paleontography (n.) The description of fossil remains.

Paleontologist (n.) One versed in paleontology.

Paleontology (n.) The science which treats of the ancient life of the earth, or of fossils which are the remains of such life.

Paleophytologist (n.) A paleobotanist.

Paleophytology (n.) Paleobotany.

Paleornithology (n.) The branch of paleontology which treats of fossil birds.

Paleosaurus (n.) A genus of fossil saurians found in the Permian formation.

Paleothere (n.) Any species of Paleotherium.

Paleotherium (n.) An extinct genus of herbivorous Tertiary mammals, once supposed to have resembled the tapir in form, but now known to have had a more slender form, with a long neck like that of a llama.

Paleotheroid (n.) An animal resembling, or allied to, the paleothere.

Paleotype (n.) See Palaeotype.

Paleozoology (n.) The Paleozoic time or strata.

Paleozooogy (n.) The science of extinct animals, a branch of paleontology.

Palesie (n.) Alt. of Palesy

Palesy (n.) Palsy.

Palestra (n.) A wrestling school; hence, a gymnasium, or place for athletic exercise in general.

Palestra (n.) A wrestling; the exercise of wrestling.

Palet (n.) Same as Palea.

Paletot (n.) An overcoat.

Paletot (n.) A lady's outer garment, -- of varying fashion.

Palette (n.) A thin, oval or square board, or tablet, with a thumb hole at one end for holding it, on which a painter lays and mixes his pigments.

Palette (n.) One of the plates covering the points of junction at the bend of the shoulders and elbows.

Palette (n.) A breastplate for a breast drill.

Palfrey (n.) A saddle horse for the road, or for state occasions, as distinguished from a war horse.

Palfrey (n.) A small saddle horse for ladies.

Palgrave (n.) See Palsgrave.

Pali (n.) pl. of Palus.

Pali (n.) A dialect descended from Sanskrit, and like that, a dead language, except when used as the sacred language of the Buddhist religion in Farther India, etc.

Palification (n.) The act or practice of driving piles or posts into the ground to make it firm.

Palilogy (n.) The repetition of a word, or part of a sentence, for the sake of greater emphasis; as, "The living, the living, he shall praise thee."

Palimpsest (n.) A parchment which has been written upon twice, the first writing having been erased to make place for the second.

Palindrome (n.) A word, verse, or sentence, that is the same when read backward or forward; as, madam; Hannah; or Lewd did I live, & evil I did dwel.

Palindromist (n.) A writer of palindromes.

Paling (n.) Pales, in general; a fence formed with pales or pickets; a limit; an inclosure.

Paling (n.) The act of placing pales or stripes on cloth; also, the stripes themselves.

Palingenesia (n.) See Palingenesis.

Palingenesis (n.) Alt. of Palingenesy

Palingenesy (n.) A new birth; a re-creation; a regeneration; a continued existence in different manner or form.

Palingenesy (n.) That form of evolution in which the truly ancestral characters conserved by heredity are reproduced in development; original simple descent; -- distinguished from kenogenesis. Sometimes, in zoology, the abrupt metamorphosis of insects, crustaceans, etc.

Palinode (n.) An ode recanting, or retracting, a former one; also, a repetition of an ode.

Palinode (n.) A retraction; esp., a formal retraction.

Palinody (n.) See Palinode.

Palinurus (n.) An instrument for obtaining directly, without calculation, the true bearing of the sun, and thence the variation of the compass

Palisade (n.) A strong, long stake, one end of which is set firmly in the ground, and the other is sharpened; also, a fence formed of such stakes set in the ground as a means of defense.

Palisade (n.) Any fence made of pales or sharp stakes.

Palisading (n.) A row of palisades set in the ground.

Palisado (n.) A palisade.

Palissander (n.) Violet wood.

Palissander (n.) Rosewood.

Palkee (n.) A palanquin.

Pall (n.) Same as Pawl.

Pall (n.) An outer garment; a cloak mantle.

Pall (n.) A kind of rich stuff used for garments in the Middle Ages.

Pall (n.) Same as Pallium.

Pall (n.) A figure resembling the Roman Catholic pallium, or pall, and having the form of the letter Y.

Pall (n.) A large cloth, esp., a heavy black cloth, thrown over a coffin at a funeral; sometimes, also, over a tomb.

Pall (n.) A piece of cardboard, covered with

Pall (n.) Nausea.

Palla (n.) An oblong rectangular piece of cloth, worn by Roman ladies, and fastened with brooches.

Palladium (n.) Any statue of the goddess Pallas; esp., the famous statue on the preservation of which depended the safety of ancient Troy.

Palladium (n.) Hence: That which affords effectual protection or security; a sateguard; as, the trial by jury is the palladium of our civil rights.

Palladium (n.) A rare metallic element of the light platinum group, found native, and also alloyed with platinum and gold. It is a silver-white metal resembling platinum, and like it permanent and untarnished in the air, but is more easily fusible. It is unique in its power of occluding hydrogen, which it does to the extent of nearly a thousand volumes, forming the alloy Pd2H. It is used for graduated circles and verniers, for plating certain silver goods, and somewhat in dentistry. It was >

Pallah (n.) A large South African antelope (Aepyceros melampus). The male has long lyrate and annulated horns. The general color is bay, with a black crescent on the croup. Called also roodebok.

Pallas (n.) Pallas Athene, the Grecian goddess of wisdom, called also Athene, and identified, at a later period, with the Roman Minerva.

Pallbearer (n.) One of those who attend the coffin at a funeral; -- so called from the pall being formerly carried by them.

Pallet (n.) A small and mean bed; a bed of straw.

Palet (n.) A perpendicular band upon an escutcheon, one half the breadth of the pale.

Pallet (n.) Same as Palette.

Pallet (n.) A wooden implement used by potters, crucible makers, etc., for forming, beating, and rounding their works. It is oval, round, and of other forms.

Pallet (n.) A potter's wheel.

Pallet (n.) An instrument used to take up gold leaf from the pillow, and to apply it.

Pallet (n.) A tool for gilding the backs of books over the bands.

Pallet (n.) A board on which a newly molded brick is conveyed to the hack.

Pallet (n.) A click or pawl for driving a ratchet wheel.

Pallet (n.) One of the series of disks or pistons in the chain pump.

Pallet (n.) One of the pieces or levers connected with the pendulum of a clock, or the balance of a watch, which receive the immediate impulse of the scape-wheel, or balance wheel.

Pallet (n.) In the organ, a valve between the wind chest and the mouth of a pipe or row of pipes.

Pallet (n.) One of a pair of shelly plates that protect the siphon tubes of certain bivalves, as the Teredo. See Illust. of Teredo.

Pallet (n.) A cup containing three ounces, -- /ormerly used by surgeons.

Palliament (n.) A dress; a robe.

Palliard (n.) A born beggar; a vagabond.

Palliard (n.) A lecher; a lewd person.

Palliasse (n.) See Paillasse.

Palliation (n.) The act of palliating, or state of being palliated; extenuation; excuse; as, the palliation of faults, offenses, vices.

Palliation (n.) Mitigation; alleviation, as of a disease.

Palliation (n.) That which cloaks or covers; disguise; also, the state of being covered or disguised.

Palliative (n.) That which palliates; a palliative agent.

Pallidity (n.) Pallidness; paleness.

Pallidness (n.) The quality or state of being pallid; paleness; pallor; wanness.

Pallium (n.) A large, square, woolen cloak which enveloped the whole person, worn by the Greeks and by certain Romans. It is the Roman name of a Greek garment.

Pallium (n.) A band of white wool, worn on the shoulders, with four purple crosses worked on it; a pall.

Pallium (n.) The mantle of a bivalve. See Mantle.

Pallium (n.) The mantle of a bird.

Pall-mall (n.) A game formerly common in England, in which a wooden ball was driven with a mallet through an elevated hoop or ring of iron. The name was also given to the mallet used, to the place where the game was played, and to the street, in London, still called Pall Mall.

Pallone (n.) An Italian game, played with a large leather ball.

Palm (n.) The inner and somewhat concave part of the hand between the bases of the fingers and the wrist.

Palm (n.) A

Palm (n.) A metallic disk, attached to a strap, and worn the palm of the hand, -- used to push the needle through the canvas, in sewing sails, etc.

Palm (n.) The broad flattened part of an antler, as of a full-grown fallow deer; -- so called as resembling the palm of the hand with its protruding fingers.

Palm (n.) The flat inner face of an anchor fluke.

Palm (n.) Any endogenous tree of the order Palmae or Palmaceae; a palm tree.

Palm (n.) A branch or leaf of the palm, anciently borne or worn as a symbol of victory or rejoicing.

Palm (n.) Any symbol or token of superiority, success, or triumph; also, victory; triumph; supremacy.

Palmacite (n.) A fossil palm.

Palmarium (n.) One of the bifurcations of the brachial plates of a crinoid.

Palmate (n.) A salt of palmic acid; a ricinoleate.

Palmcrist (n.) The palma Christi. (Jonah iv. 6, margin, and Douay version, note.)

Palmer (n.) A wandering religious votary; especially, one who bore a branch of palm as a token that he had visited the Holy Land and its sacred places.

Palmer (n.) A palmerworm.

Palmer (n.) Short for Palmer fly, an artificial fly made to imitate a hairy caterpillar; a hackle.

Palmerworm (n.) Any hairy caterpillar which appears in great numbers, devouring herbage, and wandering about like a palmer. The name is applied also to other voracious insects.

Palmerworm (n.) In America, the larva of any one of several moths, which destroys the foliage of fruit and forest trees, esp. the larva of Ypsolophus pometellus, which sometimes appears in vast numbers.

Palmette (n.) A floral ornament, common in Greek and other ancient architecture; -- often called the honeysuckle ornament.

Palmetto (n.) A name given to palms of several genera and species growing in the West Indies and the Southern United States. In the United States, the name is applied especially to the Chamaerops, / Sabal, Palmetto, the cabbage tree of Florida and the Carolinas. See Cabbage tree, under Cabbage.

Palmin (n.) A white waxy or fatty substance obtained from castor oil.

Palmin (n.) Ricinolein.

Palmiped (n.) A swimming bird; a bird having webbed feet.

Palmister (n.) One who practices palmistry

Palmistry (n.) The art or practice of divining or telling fortunes, or of judging of character, by the

Palmistry (n.) A dexterous use or trick of the hand.

Palmitate (n.) A salt of palmitic acid.

Palmite (n.) A South African plant (Prionium Palmita) of the Rush family, having long serrated leaves. The stems have been used for making brushes.

Palmitin (n.) A solid crystallizable fat, found abundantly in animals and in vegetables. It occurs mixed with stearin and olein in the fat of animal tissues, with olein and butyrin in butter, with olein in olive oil, etc. Chemically, it is a glyceride of palmitic acid, three molecules of palmitic acid being united to one molecule of glyceryl, and hence it is technically called tripalmitin, or glyceryl tripalmitate.

Palmitone (n.) The ketone of palmitic acid.

Palmyra (n.) A species of palm (Borassus flabelliformis) having a straight, black, upright trunk, with palmate leaves. It is found native along the entire northern shores of the Indian Ocean, from the mouth of the Tigris to New Guinea. More than eight hundred uses to which it is put are enumerated by native writers. Its wood is largely used for building purposes; its fruit and roots serve for food, its sap for making toddy, and its leaves for thatching huts.

Palola (n.) An annelid (Palola viridis) which, at certain seasons of the year, swarms at the surface of the sea about some of the Pacific Islands, where it is collected for food.

Pallometa (n.) A pompano.

Palp (n.) Same as Palpus.

Palpability (n.) The quality of being palpable, or perceptible by the touch.

Palpation (n.) Act of touching or feeling.

Palpation (n.) Examination of a patient by touch.

Palpator (n.) One of a family of clavicorn beetles, including those which have very long maxillary palpi.

Palpebra (n.) The eyelid.

Palpi (n.) pl. of Palpus. (Zool.) See Palpus.

Palpicorn (n.) One of a group of aquatic beetles (Palpicornia) having short club-shaped antennae, and long maxillary palpi.

Palpifer (n.) Same as Palpiger.

Palpiger (n.) That portion of the labium which bears the palpi in insects.

Palpitation (n.) A rapid pulsation; a throbbing; esp., an abnormal, rapid beating of the heart as when excited by violent exertion, strong emotion, or by disease.

Palpocil (n.) A minute soft filamentary process springing from the surface of certain hydroids and sponges.

Palpus (n.) A feeler; especially, one of the jointed sense organs attached to the mouth organs of insects, arachnids, crustaceans, and annelids; as, the mandibular palpi, maxillary palpi, and labial palpi. The palpi of male spiders serve as sexual organs. Called also palp. See Illust. of Arthrogastra and Orthoptera.

Palsgrave (n.) A count or earl who presided in the domestic court, and had the superintendence, of a royal household in Germany.

Palsgravine (n.) The consort or widow of a palsgrave.

Palstave (n.) A peculiar bronze adz, used in prehistoric Europe about the middle of the bronze age.

Palster (n.) A pilgrim's staff.

Palsy (n.) Paralysis, complete or partial. See Paralysis.

Palsywort (n.) The cowslip (Primula veris); -- so called from its supposed remedial powers.

Palterer (n.) One who palters.

Paltock (n.) A kind of doublet; a jacket.

Paltriness (n.) The state or quality of being paltry.

Paludament (n.) See Paludamentum.

Paludamentum (n.) A military cloak worn by a general and his principal officers.

Paludina (n.) Any one of numerous species of freshwater pectinibranchiate mollusks, belonging to Paludina, Melantho, and allied genera. They have an operculated shell which is usually green, often with brown bands. See Illust. of Pond snail, under Pond.

Paludism (n.) The morbid phenomena produced by dwelling among marshes; malarial disease or disposition.

Palule (n.) See Palulus or Palus.

Palulus (n.) Same as Palus.

Palus (n.) One of several upright slender calcareous processes which surround the central part of the calicle of certain corals.

Pam (n.) The knave of clubs.

Pament (n.) A pavement.

Pampano (n.) Same as Pompano.

Pamperer (n.) One who, or that which, pampers.

Pampero (n.) A violent wind from the west or southwest, which sweeps over the pampas of South America and the adjacent seas, often doing great damage.

Pamphlet (n.) A writing; a book.

Pamphlet (n.) A small book consisting of a few sheets of printed paper, stitched together, often with a paper cover, but not bound; a short essay or written discussion, usually on a subject of current interest.

Pamphleteer (n.) A writer of pamphlets; a scribbler.

Pampre (n.) An ornament, composed of vine leaves and bunches of grapes, used for decorating spiral columns.

Pan (n.) A part; a portion.

Pan (n.) The distance comprised between the angle of the epaule and the flanked angle.

Pan (n.) A leaf of gold or silver.

Pan (n.) The betel leaf; also, the masticatory made of the betel leaf, etc. See /etel.

Pan (n.) The god of shepherds, guardian of bees, and patron of fishing and hunting. He is usually represented as having the head and trunk of a man, with the legs, horns, and tail of a goat, and as playing on the shepherd's pipe, which he is said to have invented.

Pan (n.) A shallow, open dish or vessel, usually of metal, employed for many domestic uses, as for setting milk for cream, for frying or baking food, etc.; also employed for various uses in manufacturing.

Pan (n.) A closed vessel for boiling or evaporating. See Vacuum pan, under Vacuum.

Pan (n.) The part of a flintlock which holds the priming.

Pan (n.) The skull, considered as a vessel containing the brain; the upper part of the head; the brainpan; the cranium.

Pan (n.) A recess, or bed, for the leaf of a hinge.

Pan (n.) The hard stratum of earth that lies below the soil. See Hard pan, under Hard.

Pan (n.) A natural basin, containing salt or fresh water, or mud.

Panabase (n.) Same as Tetrahedrite.

Panacea (n.) A remedy for all diseases; a universal medicine; a cure-all; catholicon; hence, a relief or solace for affliction.

Panacea (n.) The herb allheal.

Panache (n.) A plume or bunch of feathers, esp. such a bunch worn on the helmet; any military plume, or ornamental group of feathers.

Panada (n.) Alt. of Panade

Panade (n.) Bread boiled in water to the consistence of pulp, and sweetened or flavored.

Panade (n.) A dagger.

Panary (n.) A storehouse for bread.

Pancake (n.) A thin cake of batter fried in a pan or on a griddle; a griddlecake; a flapjack.

Pancarte (n.) A royal charter confirming to a subject all his possessions.

Pance (n.) The pansy.

Panch (n.) See Paunch.

Panchway (n.) A Bengalese four-oared boat for passengers.

Pancratiast (n.) One who engaged in the contests of the pancratium.

Pancratist (n.) An athlete; a gymnast.

Pancratium (n.) An athletic contest involving both boxing and wrestling.

Pancratium (n.) A genus of Old World amaryllideous bulbous plants, having a funnel-shaped perianth with six narrow spreading lobes. The American species are now placed in the related genus Hymenocallis.

Pancreas (n.) The sweetbread, a gland connected with the intestine of nearly all vertebrates. It is usually elongated and light-colored, and its secretion, called the pancreatic juice, is discharged, often together with the bile, into the upper part of the intestines, and is a powerful aid in digestion. See Illust. of Digestive apparatus.

Pancreatin (n.) One of the digestive ferments of the pancreatic juice; also, a preparation containing such a ferment, made from the pancreas of animals, and used in medicine as an aid to digestion.

Pancy (n.) See Pansy.

Panda (n.) A small Asiatic mammal (Ailurus fulgens) having fine soft fur. It is related to the bears, and inhabits the mountains of Northern India.

Pandanus (n.) A genus of endogenous plants. See Screw pine.

Pandar (n.) Same as Pander.

Pandarism (n.) Same as Panderism.

Pandect (n.) A treatise which comprehends the whole of any science.

Pandect (n.) The digest, or abridgment, in fifty books, of the decisions, writings, and opinions of the old Roman jurists, made in the sixth century by direction of the emperor Justinian, and forming the leading compilation of the Roman civil law.

Pandemic (n.) A pandemic disease.

Pandemonium (n.) The great hall or council chamber of demons or evil spirits.

Pandemonium (n.) An utterly lawless, riotous place or assemblage.

Pander (n.) A male bawd; a pimp; a procurer.

Pander (n.) Hence, one who ministers to the evil designs and passions of another.

Panderage (n.) The act of pandering.

Panderism (n.) The employment, arts, or practices of a pander.

Pandermite (n.) A hydrous borate of lime, near priceite.

Pandiculation (n.) A stretching and stiffening of the trunk and extremities, as when fatigued and drowsy.

Pandit (n.) See Pundit.

Pandoor (n.) Same as Pandour.

Pandora (n.) A beautiful woman (all-gifted), whom Jupiter caused Vulcan to make out of clay in order to punish the human race, because Prometheus had stolen the fire from heaven. Jupiter gave Pandora a box containing all human ills, which, when the box was opened, escaped and spread over the earth. Hope alone remained in the box. Another version makes the box contain all the blessings of the gods, which were lost to men when Pandora opened it.

Pandora (n.) A genus of marine bivalves, in which one valve is flat, the other convex.

Pandore (n.) An ancient musical instrument, of the lute kind; a bandore.

Pandour (n.) One of a class of Hungarian mountaineers serving in the Austrian army; -- so called from Pandur, a principal town in the region from which they originally came.

Pandowdy (n.) A deep pie or pudding made of baked apples, or of sliced bread and apples baked together, with no bottom crust.

Pane (n.) The narrow edge of a hammer head. See Peen.

Pane (n.) A division; a distinct piece, limited part, or compartment of any surface; a patch; hence, a square of a checkered or plaided pattern.

Pane (n.) One of the openings in a slashed garment, showing the bright colored silk, or the like, within; hence, the piece of colored or other stuff so shown.

Pane (n.) A compartment of a surface, or a flat space; hence, one side or face of a building; as, an octagonal tower is said to have eight panes.

Pane (n.) Especially, in modern use, the glass in one compartment of a window sash.

Pane (n.) In irrigating, a subdivision of an irrigated surface between a feeder and an outlet drain.

Pane (n.) One of the flat surfaces, or facets, of any object having several sides.

Pane (n.) One of the eight facets surrounding the table of a brilliant cut diamond.

Panegyris (n.) A festival; a public assembly.

Panegyrist (n.) One who delivers a panegyric; a eulogist; one who extols or praises, either by writing or speaking.

Panegyry (n.) A panegyric.

Panel (n.) A sunken compartment with raised margins, molded or otherwise, as in ceilings, wainscotings, etc.

Panel (n.) A piece of parchment or a schedule, containing the names of persons summoned as jurors by the sheriff; hence, more generally, the whole jury.

Panel (n.) A prisoner arraigned for trial at the bar of a criminal court.

Panel (n.) Formerly, a piece of cloth serving as a saddle; hence, a soft pad beneath a saddletree to prevent chafing.

Panel (n.) A board having its edges inserted in the groove of a surrounding frame; as, the panel of a door.

Panel (n.) One of the faces of a hewn stone.

Panel (n.) A slab or plank of wood upon which, instead of canvas, a picture is painted.

Panel (n.) A heap of dressed ore.

Panel (n.) One of the districts divided by pillars of extra size, into which a mine is laid off in one system of extracting coal.

Panel (n.) A plain strip or band, as of velvet or plush, placed at intervals lengthwise on the skirt of a dress, for ornament.

Panel (n.) A portion of a framed structure between adjacent posts or struts, as in a bridge truss.

Panelation (n.) The act of impaneling a jury.

Paneling (n.) A forming in panels; panelwork.

Panelwork (n.) Wainscoting.

Paneulogism (n.) Eulogy of everything; indiscriminate praise.

Panful (n.) Enough to fill a pan.

Pang (n.) A paroxysm of extreme pain or anguish; a sudden and transitory agony; a throe; as, the pangs of death.

Pangenesis (n.) An hypothesis advanced by Darwin in explanation of heredity.

Pangolin (n.) Any one of several species of Manis, Pholidotus, and related genera, found in Africa and Asia. They are covered with imbricated scales, and feed upon ants. Called also scaly ant-eater.

Panhellenism (n.) A scheme to unite all the Greeks in one political body.

Panhellenist (n.) An advocate of Panhellenism.

Panhellenium (n.) An assembly or association of Greeks from all the states of Greece.

Panic (n.) A plant of the genus Panicum; panic grass; also, the edible grain of some species of panic grass.

Panicle (n.) A pyramidal form of inflorescence, in which the cluster is loosely branched below and gradually simpler toward the end.

Panicum (n.) A genus of grasses, including several hundred species, some of which are valuable; panic grass.

Panier (n.) See Pannier, 3.

Panification (n.) The act or process of making bread.

Panim (n.) See Painim.

Panislamism (n.) A desire or plan for the union of all Mohammedan nations for the conquest of the world.

Pannade (n.) The curvet of a horse.

Pannage (n.) The food of swine in the woods, as beechnuts, acorns, etc.; -- called also pawns.

Pannage (n.) A tax paid for the privilege of feeding swine in the woods.

Pannel (n.) A kind of rustic saddle.

Pannel (n.) The stomach of a hawk.

Pannel (n.) A carriage for conveying a mortar and its bed, on a march.

Pannier (n.) A bread basket; also, a wicker basket (used commonly in pairs) for carrying fruit or other things on a horse or an ass

Pannier (n.) A shield of basket work formerly used by archers as a shelter from the enemy's missiles.

Pannier (n.) A table waiter at the Inns of Court, London.

Pannier (n.) A framework of steel or whalebone, worn by women to expand their dresses; a kind of bustle.

Pannikel (n.) The brainpan, or skull; hence, the crest.

Pannikin (n.) A small pan or cup.

Pannus (n.) A very vascular superficial opacity of the cornea, usually caused by granulation of the eyelids.

Panoply (n.) Defensive armor in general; a full suit of defensive armor.

Panopticon (n.) A prison so contructed that the inspector can see each of the prisoners at all times, without being seen.

Panopticon (n.) A room for the exhibition of novelties.

Panorama (n.) A complete view in every direction.

Panorama (n.) A picture presenting a view of objects in every direction, as from a central point.

Panorama (n.) A picture representing scenes too extended to be beheld at once, and so exhibited a part at a time, by being unrolled, and made to pass continuously before the spectator.

Panorpian (n.) Same as Panorpid.

Panorpid (n.) Any neuropterous insect of the genus Panorpa, and allied genera. The larvae feed on plant lice.

Panpharmacon (n.) A medicine for all diseases; a panacea.

Panshon (n.) An earthen vessel wider at the top than at the bottom, -- used for holding milk and for various other purposes.

Panslavism (n.) A scheme or desire to unite all the Slavic races into one confederacy.

Panslavist (n.) One who favors Panslavism.

Pansophy (n.) Universal wisdom; esp., a system of universal knowledge proposed by Comenius (1592 -- 1671), a Moravian educator.

Panspermatist (n.) Alt. of Panspermist

Panspermist (n.) A believer in panspermy; one who rejects the theory of spontaneous generation; a biogenist.

Panspermy (n.) The doctrine of the widespread distribution of germs, from which under favorable circumstances bacteria, vibrios, etc., may develop.

Panspermy (n.) The doctrine that all organisms must come from living parents; biogenesis; -- the opposite of spontaneous generation.

Panstereorama (n.) A model of a town or country, in relief, executed in wood, cork, pasteboard, or the like.

Pansy (n.) A plant of the genus Viola (V. tricolor) and its blossom, originally purple and yellow. Cultivated varieties have very large flowers of a great diversity of colors. Called also heart's-ease, love-in-idleness, and many other quaint names.

Pant (n.) A quick breathing; a catching of the breath; a gasp.

Pant (n.) A violent palpitation of the heart.

Pantable (n.) See Pantofle.

Pantacosm (n.) See Cosmolabe.

Pantagraph (n.) See Pantograph.

Pantagruelism (n.) The theory or practice of the medical profession; -- used in burlesque or ridicule.

Pantagruelism (n.) An assumption of buffoonery to cover some serious purpose.

Pantalet (n.) One of the legs of the loose drawers worn by children and women; particularly, the lower part of such a garment, coming below the knee, often made in a separate piece; -- chiefly in the plural.

Pantaloon (n.) A ridiculous character, or an old dotard, in the Italian comedy; also, a buffoon in pantomimes.

Pantaloon (n.) A bifurcated garment for a man, covering the body from the waist downwards, and consisting of breeches and stockings in one.

Pantaloon (n.) In recent times, same as Trousers.

Pantaloonery (n.) The character or performances of a pantaloon; buffoonery.

Pantaloonery (n.) Materials for pantaloons.

Pantamorph (n.) That which assumes, or exists in, all forms.

Pantascope (n.) A pantascopic camera.

Pantechnicon (n.) A depository or place where all sorts of manufactured articles are collected for sale.

Pantelegraph (n.) See under Telegraph.

Panter (n.) One who pants.

Panter (n.) A keeper of the pantry; a pantler.

Panter (n.) A net; a noose.

Pantheism (n.) The doctrine that the universe, taken or conceived of as a whole, is God; the doctrine that there is no God but the combined force and laws which are manifested in the existing universe; cosmotheism.

Pantheist (n.) One who holds to pantheism.

Pantheologist (n.) One versed in pantheology.

Pantheology (n.) A system of theology embracing all religions; a complete system of theology.

Pantheon (n.) A temple dedicated to all the gods; especially, the building so called at Rome.

Pantheon (n.) The collective gods of a people, or a work treating of them; as, a divinity of the Greek pantheon.

Panther (n.) A large dark-colored variety of the leopard, by some zoologists considered a distinct species. It is marked with large ringlike spots, the centers of which are darker than the color of the body.

Panther (n.) In America, the name is applied to the puma, or cougar, and sometimes to the jaguar.

Pantheress (n.) A female panther.

Pantile (n.) A roofing tile, of peculiar form, having a transverse section resembling an elongated S laid on its side (/).

Pantisocracy (n.) A Utopian community, in which all should rule equally, such as was devised by Coleridge, Lovell, and Southey, in their younger days.

Pantisocrat (n.) A pantisocratist.

Pantisocratist (n.) One who favors or supports the theory of a pantisocracy.

Pantler (n.) The servant or officer, in a great family, who has charge of the bread and the pantry.

Pantochronometer (n.) An instrument combining a compass, sundial, and universal time dial.

Pantofle (n.) A slipper for the foot.

Pantograph (n.) An instrument for copying plans, maps, and other drawings, on the same, or on a reduced or an enlarged, scale.

Pantography (n.) A general description; entire view of an object.

Pantologist (n.) One versed in pantology; a writer of pantology.

Pantology (n.) A systematic view of all branches of human knowledge; a work of universal information.

Pantometer (n.) An instrument for measuring angles for determining elevations, distances, etc.

Pantometry (n.) Universal measurement.

Pantomime (n.) A universal mimic; an actor who assumes many parts; also, any actor.

Pantomime (n.) One who acts his part by gesticulation or dumb show only, without speaking; a pantomimist.

Pantomime (n.) A dramatic representation by actors who use only dumb show; hence, dumb show, generally.

Pantomime (n.) A dramatic and spectacular entertainment of which dumb acting as well as burlesque dialogue, music, and dancing by Clown, Harlequin, etc., are features.

Pantomimist (n.) An actor in pantomime; also, a composer of pantomimes.

Panton (n.) A horseshoe to correct a narrow, hoofbound heel.

Pantophagist (n.) A person or an animal that has the habit of eating all kinds of food.

Pantophagy (n.) The habit or power of eating all kinds of food.

Pantry (n.) An apartment or closet in which bread and other provisions are kept.

Panurgy (n.) Skill in all kinds of work or business; craft.

Panyard (n.) See Pannier.

Panzoism (n.) A term used to denote all of the elements or factors which constitute vitality or vital energy.

Paolo (n.) An old Italian silver coin, worth about ten cents.

Pap (n.) A nipple; a mammilla; a teat.

Pap (n.) A rounded, nipplelike hill or peak; anything resembling a nipple in shape; a mamelon.

Pap (n.) A soft food for infants, made of bread boiled or softtened in milk or water.

Pap (n.) Nourishment or support from official patronage; as, treasury pap.

Pap (n.) The pulp of fruit.

Papa (n.) A child's word for father.

Papa (n.) A parish priest in the Greek Church.

Papabote (n.) The upland plover.

Papacy (n.) The office and dignity of the pope, or pontiff, of Rome; papal jurisdiction.

Papacy (n.) The popes, collectively; the succession of popes.

Papacy (n.) The Roman Catholic religion; -- commonly used by the opponents of the Roman Catholics in disparagement or in an opprobrious sense.

Papagay (n.) See Popinjay, 1 (b).

Papain (n.) A proteolytic ferment, like trypsin, present in the juice of the green fruit of the papaw (Carica Papaya) of tropical America.

Papalist (n.) A papist.

Papality (n.) The papacy.

Papalty (n.) The papacy.

Papaphobia (n.) Intense fear or dread of the pope, or of the Roman Catholic Church.

Paparchy (n.) Government by a pope; papal rule.

Papaver (n.) A genus of plants, including the poppy.

Papaverine (n.) An alkaloid found in opium. It has a weaker therapeutic action than morphine.

Papaw (n.) A tree (Carica Papaya) of tropical America, belonging to the order Passifloreae. It has a soft, spongy stem, eighteen or twenty feet high, crowned with a tuft of large, long-stalked, palmately lobed leaves. The milky juice of the plant is said to have the property of making meat tender. Also, its dull orange-colored, melon-shaped fruit, which is eaten both raw and cooked or pickled.

Papaw (n.) A tree of the genus Asimina (A. triloba), growing in the western and southern parts of the United States, and producing a sweet edible fruit; also, the fruit itself.

Papboat (n.) A kind of sauce boat or dish.

Papboat (n.) A large spiral East Indian marine shell (Turbinella rapha); -- so called because used by native priests to hold the oil for anointing.

Pape (n.) A spiritual father; specifically, the pope.

Papejay (n.) A popinjay.

Paper (n.) A substance in the form of thin sheets or leaves intended to be written or printed on, or to be used in wrapping. It is made of rags, straw, bark, wood, or other fibrous material, which is first reduced to pulp, then molded, pressed, and dried.

Paper (n.) A sheet, leaf, or piece of such substance.

Paper (n.) A printed or written instrument; a document, essay, or the like; a writing; as, a paper read before a scientific society.

Paper (n.) A printed sheet appearing periodically; a newspaper; a journal; as, a daily paper.

Paper (n.) Negotiable evidences of indebtedness; notes; bills of exchange, and the like; as, the bank holds a large amount of his paper.

Paper (n.) Decorated hangings or coverings for walls, made of paper. See Paper hangings, below.

Paper (n.) A paper containing (usually) a definite quantity; as, a paper of pins, tacks, opium, etc.

Paper (n.) A medicinal preparation spread upon paper, intended for external application; as, cantharides paper.

Paperweight (n.) See under Paper, n.

Papess (n.) A female pope; i. e., the fictitious pope Joan.

Papeterie (n.) A case or box containing paper and materials for writing.

Paphian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Paphos.

Papier-mache (n.) A hard and strong substance made of a pulp from paper, mixed with sise or glue, etc. It is formed into various articles, usually by means of molds.

Papilio (n.) A genus of butterflies.

Papilla (n.) Any minute nipplelike projection; as, the papillae of the tongue.

Papilloma (n.) A tumor formed by hypertrophy of the papillae of the skin or mucous membrane, as a corn or a wart.

Papillote (n.) a small piece of paper on which women roll up their hair to make it curl; a curl paper.

Papion (n.) A West African baboon (Cynocephalus sphinx), allied to the chacma. Its color is generally chestnut, varying in tint.

Papism (n.) Popery; -- an offensive term.

Papist (n.) A Roman catholic; one who adheres to the Church of Rome and the authority of the pope; -- an offensive designation applied to Roman Catholics by their opponents.

Papistry (n.) The doctrine and ceremonies of the Church of Rome; popery.

Papoose (n.) A babe or young child of Indian parentage in North America.

Pappoose (n.) Same as Papoose.

Pappus (n.) The hairy or feathery appendage of the achenes of thistles, dandelions, and most other plants of the order Compositae; also, the scales, awns, or bristles which represent the calyx in other plants of the same order.

Papula (n.) A pimple; a small, usually conical, elevation of the cuticle, produced by congestion, accumulated secretion, or hypertrophy of tissue; a papule.

Papula (n.) One of the numerous small hollow processes of the integument between the plates of starfishes.

Papule (n.) Same as Papula.

Papyrine (n.) Imitation parchment, made by soaking unsized paper in dilute sulphuric acid.

Papyrograph (n.) An apparatus for multiplying writings, drawings, etc., in which a paper stencil, formed by writing or drawing with corrosive ink, is used. The word is also used of other means of multiplying copies of writings, drawings, etc. See Copygraph, Hectograph, Manifold.

Papyrography (n.) The process of multiplying copies of writings, etc., by means of the papyrograph.

Papyrus (n.) A tall rushlike plant (Cyperus Papyrus) of the Sedge family, formerly growing in Egypt, and now found in Abyssinia, Syria, Sicily, etc. The stem is triangular and about an inch thick.

Papyrus (n.) The material upon which the ancient Egyptians wrote. It was formed by cutting the stem of the plant into thin longitudinal slices, which were gummed together and pressed.

Papyrus (n.) A manuscript written on papyrus; esp., pl., written scrolls made of papyrus; as, the papyri of Egypt or Herculaneum.

Paque (n.) See Pasch and Easter.

Par (n.) See Parr.

Par (n.) Equal value; equality of nominal and actual value; the value expressed on the face or in the words of a certificate of value, as a bond or other commercial paper.

Par (n.) Equality of condition or circumstances.

Para (n.) A piece of Turkish money, usually copper, the fortieth part of a piaster, or about one ninth of a cent.

Parablast (n.) A portion of the mesoblast (of peripheral origin) of the developing embryo, the cells of which are especially concerned in forming the first blood and blood vessels.

Parable (n.) A comparison; a similitude; specifically, a short fictitious narrative of something which might really occur in life or nature, by means of which a moral is drawn; as, the parables of Christ.

Parabola (n.) A kind of curve; one of the conic sections formed by the intersection of the surface of a cone with a plane parallel to one of its sides. It is a curve, any point of which is equally distant from a fixed point, called the focus, and a fixed straight

Parabola (n.) One of a group of curves defined by the equation y = axn where n is a positive whole number or a positive fraction. For the cubical parabola n = 3; for the semicubical parabola n = /. See under Cubical, and Semicubical. The parabolas have infinite branches, but no recti

Parabole (n.) Similitude; comparison.

Parabolism (n.) The division of the terms of an equation by a known quantity that is involved in the first term.

Parabolist (n.) A narrator of parables.

Paraboloid (n.) The solid generated by the rotation of a parabola about its axis; any surface of the second order whose sections by planes parallel to a given

Parabronchium (n.) One of the branches of an ectobronchium or entobronchium.

Paracelsian (n.) A follower of Paracelsus or his practice or teachings.

Paracelsist (n.) A Paracelsian.

Paracentesis (n.) The perforation of a cavity of the body with a trocar, aspirator, or other suitable instrument, for the evacuation of effused fluid, pus, or gas; tapping.

Parachordal (n.) A parachordal cartilage.

Parachronism (n.) An error in chronology, by which the date of an event is set later than the time of its occurrence.

Parachute (n.) A contrivance somewhat in the form of an umbrella, by means of which a descent may be made from a balloon, or any eminence.

Parachute (n.) A web or fold of skin which extends between the legs of certain mammals, as the flying squirrels, colugo, and phalangister.

Paraclete (n.) An advocate; one called to aid or support; hence, the Consoler, Comforter, or Intercessor; -- a term applied to the Holy Spirit.

Paraclose (n.) See Parclose.

Paraconine (n.) A base resembling and isomeric with conine, and obtained as a colorless liquid from butyric aldehyde and ammonia.

Paracorolla (n.) A secondary or inner corolla; a corona, as of the Narcissus.

Paracrostic (n.) A poetical composition, in which the first verse contains, in order, the first letters of all the verses of the poem.

Paracyanogen (n.) A polymeric modification of cyanogen, obtained as a brown or black amorphous residue by heating mercuric cyanide.

Paracymene (n.) Same as Cymene.

Paradactylum (n.) The side of a toe or finger.

Paradigm (n.) An example; a model; a pattern.

Paradigm (n.) An example of a conjugation or declension, showing a word in all its different forms of inflection.

Paradigm (n.) An illustration, as by a parable or fable.

Paradigmatic (n.) A writer of memoirs of religious persons, as examples of Christian excellence.

Paradise (n.) The garden of Eden, in which Adam and Eve were placed after their creation.

Paradise (n.) The abode of sanctified souls after death.

Paradise (n.) A place of bliss; a region of supreme felicity or delight; hence, a state of happiness.

Paradise (n.) An open space within a monastery or adjoining a church, as the space within a cloister, the open court before a basilica, etc.

Paradise (n.) A churchyard or cemetery.

Parados (n.) An intercepting mound, erected in any part of a fortification to protect the defenders from a rear or ricochet fire; a traverse.

Paradox (n.) A tenet or proposition contrary to received opinion; an assertion or sentiment seemingly contradictory, or opposed to common sense; that which in appearance or terms is absurd, but yet may be true in fact.

Paradoxer (n.) Alt. of Paradoxist

Paradoxist (n.) One who proposes a paradox.

Paradoxides (n.) A genus of large trilobites characteristic of the primordial formations.

Paradoxology (n.) The use of paradoxes.

Paradoxure (n.) Any species of Paradoxurus, a genus of Asiatic viverrine mammals allied to the civet, as the musang, and the luwack or palm cat (Paradoxurus hermaphroditus). See Musang.

Paradoxy (n.) A paradoxical statement; a paradox.

Paradoxy (n.) The quality or state of being paradoxical.

Paraffin (n.) Alt. of Paraffine

Paraffine (n.) A white waxy substance, resembling spermaceti, tasteless and odorless, and obtained from coal tar, wood tar, petroleum, etc., by distillation. It is used as an illuminant and lubricant. It is very inert, not being acted upon by most of the strong chemical reagents. It was formerly regarded as a definite compound, but is now known to be a complex mixture of several higher hydrocarbons of the methane or marsh-gas series; hence, by extension, any substance, whether solid, liquid>

Parage (n.) Equality of condition, blood, or dignity; also, equality in the partition of an inheritance.

Parage (n.) Equality of condition between persons holding unequal portions of a fee.

Parage (n.) Kindred; family; birth.

Paragenesis (n.) The science which treats of minerals with special reference to their origin.

Paraglobulin (n.) An albuminous body in blood serum, belonging to the group of globulins. See Fibrinoplastin.

Paraglossa (n.) One of a pair of small appendages of the lingua or labium of certain insects. See Illust. under Hymenoptera.

Paragnath (n.) Same as Paragnathus.

Paragnathus (n.) One of the two lobes which form the lower lip, or metastome, of Crustacea.

Paragnathus (n.) One of the small, horny, toothlike jaws of certain annelids.

Paragoge (n.) The addition of a letter or syllable to the end of a word, as withouten for without.

Paragoge (n.) Coaptation.

Paragon (n.) A companion; a match; an equal.

Paragon (n.) Emulation; rivalry; competition.

Paragon (n.) A model or pattern; a pattern of excellence or perfection; as, a paragon of beauty or eloquence.

Paragon (n.) A size of type between great primer and double pica. See the Note under Type.

Paragonite (n.) A kind of mica related to muscovite, but containing soda instead of potash. It is characteristic of the paragonite schist of the Alps.

Paragram (n.) A pun.

Paragrammatist (n.) A punster.

Paragrandine (n.) An instrument to avert the occurrence of hailstorms. See Paragr/le.

Paragraph (n.) Originally, a marginal mark or note, set in the margin to call attention to something in the text, e. g., a change of subject; now, the character /, commonly used in the text as a reference mark to a footnote, or to indicate the place of a division into sections.

Paragraph (n.) A distinct part of a discourse or writing; any section or subdivision of a writing or chapter which relates to a particular point, whether consisting of one or many sentences. The division is sometimes noted by the mark /, but usually, by beginning the first sentence of the paragraph on a new

Paragraph (n.) A brief composition complete in one typographical section or paragraph; an item, remark, or quotation comprised in a few

Paragrapher (n.) A writer of paragraphs; a paragraphist.

Paragraphist (n.) A paragrapher.

Paragrele (n.) A lightning conductor erected, as in a vineyard, for drawing off the electricity in the atmosphere in order to prevent hailstorms.

Paraguayan (n.) A native or inhabitant of Paraguay.

Parail (n.) See Apparel.

Parakeet (n.) Same as Parrakeet.

Paralbumin (n.) A proteidlike body found in the fluid from ovarian cysts and elsewhere. It is generally associated with a substance related to, if not identical with, glycogen.

Paraldehyde (n.) A polymeric modification of aldehyde obtained as a white crystal

Paraleipsis (n.) A pretended or apparent omission; a figure by which a speaker artfully pretends to pass by what he really mentions; as, for example, if an orator should say, "I do not speak of my adversary's scandalous venality and rapacity, his brutal conduct, his treachery and malice."

Paralepsis (n.) See Paraleipsis.

Paralian (n.) A dweller by the sea.

Paralipsis (n.) See Paraleipsis.

Parallax (n.) The apparent displacement, or difference of position, of an object, as seen from two different stations, or points of view.

Parallax (n.) The apparent difference in position of a body (as the sun, or a star) as seen from some point on the earth's surface, and as seen from some other conventional point, as the earth's center or the sun.

Parallel (n.) A

Parallel (n.) Direction conformable to that of another

Parallel (n.) Conformity continued through many particulars or in all essential points; resemblance; similarity.

Parallel (n.) A comparison made; elaborate tracing of similarity; as, Johnson's parallel between Dryden and Pope.

Parallel (n.) Anything equal to, or resembling, another in all essential particulars; a counterpart.

Parallel (n.) One of the imaginary circles on the surface of the earth, parallel to the equator, marking the latitude; also, the corresponding

Parallel (n.) One of a series of long trenches constructed before a besieged fortress, by the besieging force, as a cover for troops supporting the attacking batteries. They are roughly parallel to the

Parallel (n.) A character consisting of two parallel vertical

Parallelism (n.) The quality or state of being parallel.

Parallelism (n.) Resemblance; correspondence; similarity.

Parallelism (n.) Similarity of construction or meaning of clauses placed side by side, especially clauses expressing the same sentiment with slight modifications, as is common in Hebrew poetry; e. g.: --//At her feet he bowed, he fell:/Where he bowed, there he fell down dead. Judg. v. 27.

Parallelogram (n.) A right-

Parallelopiped (n.) A solid, the faces of which are six parallelograms, the opposite pairs being parallel, and equal to each other; a prism whose base is a parallelogram.

Parallelopipedon (n.) A parallelopiped.

Paralogism (n.) A reasoning which is false in point of form, that is, which is contrary to logical rules or formulae; a formal fallacy, or pseudo-syllogism, in which the conclusion does not follow from the premises.

Paralogy (n.) False reasoning; paralogism.

Paralysis (n.) Abolition of function, whether complete or partial; esp., the loss of the power of voluntary motion, with or without that of sensation, in any part of the body; palsy. See Hemiplegia, and Paraplegia. Also used figuratively.

Paralytic (n.) A person affected with paralysis.

Paralyzation (n.) The act or process of paralyzing, or the state of being paralyzed.

Param (n.) A white crystal

Paramagnetic (n.) A paramagnetic substance.

Paramagnetism (n.) Magnetism, as opposed to diamagnetism.

Paramatta (n.) A light fabric of cotton and worsted, resembling bombazine or merino.

Parament (n.) Ornamental hangings, furniture, etc., as of a state apartment; rich and elegant robes worn by men of rank; -- chiefly in the plural.

Paramento (n.) Ornament; decoration.

Paramere (n.) One of the symmetrical halves of any one of the radii, or spheromeres, of a radiate animal, as a starfish.

Parameter (n.) A term applied to some characteristic magnitude whose value, invariable as long as one and the same function, curve, surface, etc., is considered, serves to distinguish that function, curve, surface, etc., from others of the same kind or family.

Parameter (n.) Specifically (Conic Sections), in the ellipse and hyperbola, a third proportional to any diameter and its conjugate, or in the parabola, to any abscissa and the corresponding ordinate.

Parameter (n.) The ratio of the three crystallographic axes which determines the position of any plane; also, the fundamental axial ratio for a given species.

Parametritis (n.) Inflammation of the cellular tissue in the vicinity of the uterus.

Paramiographer (n.) A collector or writer of proverbs.

Paramitome (n.) The fluid portion of the protoplasm of a cell.

Paramo (n.) A high, bleak plateau or district, with stunted trees, and cold, damp atmosphere, as in the Andes, in South America.

Paramorph (n.) A kind of pseudomorph, in which there has been a change of physical characters without alteration of chemical composition, as the change of aragonite to calcite.

Paramorphism (n.) The change of one mineral species to another, so as to involve a change in physical characters without alteration of chemical composition.

Paramount (n.) The highest or chief.

Paramour (n.) A lover, of either sex; a wooer or a mistress (formerly in a good sense, now only in a bad one); one who takes the place, without possessing the rights, of a husband or wife; -- used of a man or a woman.

Paramour (n.) Love; gallantry.

Paramylum (n.) A substance resembling starch, found in the green frothy scum formed on the surface of stagnant water.

Paranaphthalene (n.) Anthracene; -- called also paranaphtha

Paranoia (n.) Mental derangement; insanity.

Paranthracene (n.) An inert isomeric modification of anthracene.

Paranucleus (n.) Some as Nucleolus.

Paranymph (n.) A friend of the bridegroom who went with him in his chariot to fetch home the bride.

Paranymph (n.) The bridesmaid who conducted the bride to the bridegroom.

Paranymph (n.) An ally; a supporter or abettor.

Parapectin (n.) A gelatinous modification of pectin.

Parapegm (n.) An engraved tablet, usually of brass, set up in a public place.

Parapeptone (n.) An albuminous body formed in small quantity by the peptic digestion of proteids. It can be converted into peptone by pancreatic juice, but not by gastric juice.

Parapet (n.) A low wall, especially one serving to protect the edge of a platform, roof, bridge, or the like.

Parapet (n.) A wall, rampart, or elevation of earth, for covering soldiers from an enemy's fire; a breastwork. See Illust. of Casemate.

Paraph (n.) A flourish made with the pen at the end of a signature. In the Middle Ages, this formed a sort of rude safeguard against forgery.

Paraphimosis (n.) A condition in which the prepuce, after being retracted behind the glans penis, is constricted there, and can not be brought forward into place again.

Paraphagma (n.) One of the outer divisions of an endosternite of Crustacea.

Paraphrase (n.) A restatement of a text, passage, or work, expressing the meaning of the original in another form, generally for the sake of its clearer and fuller exposition; a setting forth the signification of a text in other and ampler terms; a free translation or rendering; -- opposed to metaphrase.

Paraphraser (n.) One who paraphrases.

Paraphrasian (n.) A paraphraser.

Paraphrast (n.) A paraphraser.

Paraphysis (n.) A minute jointed filament growing among the archegonia and antheridia of mosses, or with the spore cases, etc., of other flowerless plants.

Paraplegia (n.) Alt. of Paraplegy

Paraplegy (n.) Palsy of the lower half of the body on both sides, caused usually by disease of the spinal cord.

Parapleura (n.) A chitinous piece between the metasternum and the pleuron of certain insects.

Parapodium (n.) One of the lateral appendages of an annelid; -- called also foot tubercle.

Parapophysis (n.) The ventral transverse, or capitular, process of a vertebra. See Vertebra.

Parapterum (n.) A special plate situated on the sides of the mesothorax and metathorax of certain insects.

Paraquet (n.) Alt. of Paraquito

Paraquito (n.) See Parrakeet.

Parasang (n.) A Persian measure of length, which, according to Herodotus and Xenophon, was thirty stadia, or somewhat more than three and a half miles. The measure varied in different times and places, and, as now used, is estimated at from three and a half to four English miles.

Parascenium (n.) One of two apartments adjoining the stage, probably used as robing rooms.

Parasceve (n.) Among the Jews, the evening before the Sabbath.

Parasceve (n.) A preparation.

Paraselene (n.) A mock moon; an image of the moon which sometimes appears at the point of intersection of two lunar halos. Cf. Parhelion.

Parasite (n.) One who frequents the tables of the rich, or who lives at another's expense, and earns his welcome by flattery; a hanger-on; a toady; a sycophant.

Parasite (n.) A plant obtaining nourishment immediately from other plants to which it attaches itself, and whose juices it absorbs; -- sometimes, but erroneously, called epiphyte.

Parasite (n.) A plant living on or within an animal, and supported at its expense, as many species of fungi of the genus Torrubia.

Parasite (n.) An animal which lives during the whole or part of its existence on or in the body of some other animal, feeding upon its food, blood, or tissues, as lice, tapeworms, etc.

Parasite (n.) An animal which steals the food of another, as the parasitic jager.

Parasite (n.) An animal which habitually uses the nest of another, as the cowbird and the European cuckoo.

Parasiticide (n.) Anything used to destroy parasites.

Parasitism (n.) The state or behavior of a parasite; the act of a parasite.

Parasitism (n.) The state of being parasitic.

Parasol (n.) A kind of small umbrella used by women as a protection from the sun.

Parasolette (n.) A small parasol.

Parasphenoid (n.) The parasphenoid bone.

Parastichy (n.) A secondary spiral in phyllotaxy, as one of the evident spirals in a pine cone.

Parasynaxis (n.) An unlawful meeting.

Parataxis (n.) The mere ranging of propositions one after another, without indicating their connection or interdependence; -- opposed to syntax.

Parathesis (n.) The placing of two or more nouns in the same case; apposition.

Parathesis (n.) A parenthetical notice, usually of matter to be afterward expanded.

Parathesis (n.) The matter contained within brackets.

Parathesis (n.) A commendatory prayer.

Paratonnerre (n.) A conductor of lightning; a lightning rod.

Parauque (n.) A bird (Nyctidromus albicollis) ranging from Texas to South America. It is allied to the night hawk and goatsucker.

Paraxanthin (n.) A crystal

Paraxylene (n.) A hydrocarbon of the aromatic series obtained as a colorless liquid by the distillation of camphor with zinc chloride. It is one of the three metamers of xylene. Cf. Metamer, and Xylene.

Parbreak (n.) Vomit.

Parbuckle (n.) A kind of purchase for hoisting or lowering a cylindrical burden, as a cask. The middle of a long rope is made fast aloft, and both parts are looped around the object, which rests in the loops, and rolls in them as the ends are hauled up or payed out.

Parbuckle (n.) A double sling made of a single rope, for slinging a cask, gun, etc.

Parcel (n.) A portion of anything taken separately; a fragment of a whole; a part.

Parcel (n.) A part; a portion; a piece; as, a certain piece of land is part and parcel of another piece.

Parcel (n.) An indiscriminate or indefinite number, measure, or quantity; a collection; a group.

Parcel (n.) A number or quantity of things put up together; a bundle; a package; a packet.

Parceling (n.) The act of dividing and distributing in portions or parts.

Parceling (n.) Long, narrow slips of canvas daubed with tar and wound about a rope like a bandage, before it is served; used, also, in mousing on the stayes, etc.

Parcenary (n.) The holding or occupation of an inheritable estate which descends from the ancestor to two or more persons; coheirship.

Parcener (n.) A coheir, or one of two or more persons to whom an estate of inheritance descends jointly, and by whom it is held as one estate.

Parchedness (n.) The state of being parched.

Parchesi (n.) See Pachisi.

Parchment (n.) The skin of a lamb, sheep, goat, young calf, or other animal, prepared for writing on. See Vellum.

Parchment (n.) The envelope of the coffee grains, inside the pulp.

Parcity (n.) Sparingless.

Parclose (n.) A screen separating a chapel from the body of the church.

Pard (n.) A leopard; a panther.

Pardale (n.) A leopard.

Pardo (n.) A money of account in Goa, India, equivalent to about 2s. 6d. sterling. or 60 cts.

Pardonableness (n.) The quality or state of being pardonable; as, the pardonableness of sin.

Pardoner (n.) One who pardons.

Pardoner (n.) A seller of indulgences.

Paregoric (n.) A medicine that mitigates pain; an anodyne; specifically, camphorated tincture of opium; -- called also paregoric elexir.

Parelcon (n.) The addition of a syllable or particle to the end of a pronoun, verb, or adverb.

Parelectronomy (n.) A condition of the muscles induced by exposure to severe cold, in which the electrical action of the muscle is reversed.

Parella (n.) Alt. of Parelle

Parelle (n.) A name for two kinds of dock (Rumex Patientia and R. Hydrolapathum).

Parelle (n.) A kind of lichen (Lecanora parella) once used in dyeing and in the preparation of litmus.

Parembole (n.) A kind of parenthesis.

Parement (n.) See Parament.

Paremptosis (n.) Same as Parembole.

Parenchyma (n.) The soft celluar substance of the tissues of plants and animals, like the pulp of leaves, to soft tissue of glands, and the like.

Parenesis (n.) Exhortation.

Parent (n.) One who begets, or brings forth, offspring; a father or a mother.

Parent (n.) That which produces; cause; source; author; begetter; as, idleness is the parent of vice.

Parentage (n.) Descent from parents or ancestors; parents or ancestors considered with respect to their rank or character; extraction; birth; as, a man of noble parentage.

Parentation (n.) Something done or said in honor of the dead; obsequies.

Parentele (n.) Kinship; parentage.

Parenthesis (n.) A word, phrase, or sentence, by way of comment or explanation, inserted in, or attached to, a sentence which would be grammatically complete without it. It is usually inclosed within curved

Parenthesis (n.) One of the curved

Parenthood (n.) The state of a parent; the office or character of a parent.

Parentticide (n.) The act of one who kills one's own parent.

Parentticide (n.) One who kills one's own parent; a parricide.

Parepididymis (n.) A small body containing convoluted tubules, situated near the epididymis in man and some other animals, and supposed to be a remnant of the anterior part of the Wolffian body.

Parergon (n.) See Parergy.

Parergy (n.) Something unimportant, incidental, or superfluous.

Paresis (n.) Incomplete paralysis, affecting motion but not sensation.

Parethmoid (n.) A parethmoid bone.

Pargasite (n.) A dark green aluminous variety of amphibole, or hornblende.

Pargeboard (n.) See Bargeboard.

Parget (n.) Gypsum or plaster stone.

Parget (n.) Plaster, as for lining the interior of flues, or for stuccowork.

Parget (n.) Paint, especially for the face.

Pargeter (n.) A plasterer.

Pargeting (n.) Plasterwork; esp.: (a) A kind of decorative plasterwork in raised ornamental figures, formerly used for the internal and external decoration of houses. (b) In modern architecture, the plastering of the inside of flues, intended to give a smooth surface and help the draught.

Pargetory (n.) Something made of, or covered with, parget, or plaster.

Parhelion (n.) A mock sun appearing in the form of a bright light, sometimes near the sun, and tinged with colors like the rainbow, and sometimes opposite to the sun. The latter is usually called an anthelion. Often several mock suns appear at the same time. Cf. Paraselene.

Parhelium (n.) See Parhelion.

Pariah (n.) One of an aboriginal people of Southern India, regarded by the four castes of the Hindoos as of very low grade. They are usually the serfs of the Sudra agriculturalists. See Caste.

Pariah (n.) An outcast; one despised by society.

Parial (n.) See Pair royal, under Pair, n.

Parian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Paros.

Parian (n.) A ceramic ware, resembling unglazed porcelain biscuit, of which are made statuettes, ornaments, etc.

Paries (n.) The triangular middle part of each segment of the shell of a barnacle.

Parietal (n.) One of the parietal bones.

Parietal (n.) One of the special scales, or plates, covering the back of the head in certain reptiles and fishes.

Parietary (n.) Any one of several species of Parietaria. See 1st Pellitory.

Parietine (n.) A piece of a fallen wall; a ruin.

Parigenin (n.) A curdy white substance, obtained by the decomposition of parillin.

Parillin (n.) A glucoside resembling saponin, found in the root of sarsaparilla, smilax, etc., and extracted as a bitter white crystal

Paris (n.) A plant common in Europe (Paris quadrifolia); herb Paris; truelove. It has been used as a narcotic.

Paris (n.) The chief city of France.

Parish (n.) That circuit of ground committed to the charge of one parson or vicar, or other minister having cure of souls therein.

Parish (n.) The same district, constituting a civil jurisdiction, with its own officers and regulations, as respects the poor, taxes, etc.

Parish (n.) An ecclesiastical society, usually not bounded by territorial limits, but composed of those persons who choose to unite under the charge of a particular priest, clergyman, or minister; also, loosely, the territory in which the members of a congregation live.

Parish (n.) In Louisiana, a civil division corresponding to a county in other States.

Parishen (n.) A parishioner.

Parishioner (n.) One who belongs to, or is connected with, a parish.

Parisian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Paris, the capital of France.

Parisienne (n.) A female native or resident of Paris.

Parisology (n.) The use of equivocal or ambiguous words.

Paritor (n.) An apparitor.

Paritory (n.) Pellitory.

Parity (n.) The quality or condition of being equal or equivalent; A like state or degree; equality; close correspondence; analogy; as, parity of reasoning.

Park (n.) A piece of ground inclosed, and stored with beasts of the chase, which a man may have by prescription, or the king's grant.

Park (n.) A tract of ground kept in its natural state, about or adjacent to a residence, as for the preservation of game, for walking, riding, or the like.

Park (n.) A piece of ground, in or near a city or town, inclosed and kept for ornament and recreation; as, Hyde Park in London; Central Park in New York.

Park (n.) A space occupied by the animals, wagons, pontoons, and materials of all kinds, as ammunition, ordnance stores, hospital stores, provisions, etc., when brought together; also, the objects themselves; as, a park of wagons; a park of artillery.

Park (n.) A partially inclosed basin in which oysters are grown.

Parker (n.) The keeper of a park.

Parkeria (n.) A genus of large arenaceous fossil Foraminifera found in the Cretaceous rocks. The species are globular, or nearly so, and are of all sizes up to that of a tennis ball.

Parkesine (n.) A compound, originally made from gun cotton and castor oil, but later from different materials, and used as a substitute for vulcanized India rubber and for ivory; -- called also xylotile.

Parkleaves (n.) A European species of Saint John's-wort; the tutsan. See Tutsan.

Parlance (n.) Conversation; discourse; talk; diction; phrase; as, in legal parlance; in common parlance.

Parle (n.) Conversation; talk; parley.

Parley (n.) Mutual discourse or conversation; discussion; hence, an oral conference with an enemy, as with regard to a truce.

Parliament (n.) A parleying; a discussion; a conference.

Parliament (n.) A formal conference on public affairs; a general council; esp., an assembly of representatives of a nation or people having authority to make laws.

Parliament (n.) The assembly of the three estates of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland, viz., the lords spiritual, lords temporal, and the representatives of the commons, sitting in the House of Lords and the House of Commons, constituting the legislature, when summoned by the royal authority to consult on the affairs of the nation, and to enact and repeal laws.

Parliament (n.) In France, before the Revolution of 1789, one of the several principal judicial courts.

Parliamentarian (n.) One who adhered to the Parliament, in opposition to King Charles I.

Parliamentarian (n.) One versed in the rules and usages of Parliament or similar deliberative assemblies; as, an accomplished parliamentarian.

Parlor (n.) A room for business or social conversation, for the reception of guests, etc.

Parlor (n.) The apartment in a monastery or nunnery where the inmates are permitted to meet and converse with each other, or with visitors and friends from without.

Parlor (n.) In large private houses, a sitting room for the family and for familiar guests, -- a room for less formal uses than the drawing-room. Esp., in modern times, the dining room of a house having few apartments, as a London house, where the dining parlor is usually on the ground floor.

Parlor (n.) Commonly, in the United States, a drawing-room, or the room where visitors are received and entertained.

Parnassia (n.) A genus of herbs growing in wet places, and having white flowers; grass of Parnassus.

Parnassian (n.) Any one of numerous species of butterflies belonging to the genus Parnassius. They inhabit the mountains, both in the Old World and in America.

Parnassus (n.) A mountain in Greece, sacred to Apollo and the Muses, and famous for a temple of Apollo and for the Castalian spring.

Parochialism (n.) The quality or state of being parochial in form or nature; a system of management peculiar to parishes.

Parochiality (n.) The state of being parochial.

Parochian (n.) A parishioner.

Parodist (n.) One who writes a parody; one who parodies.

Parody (n.) A writing in which the language or sentiment of an author is mimicked; especially, a kind of literary pleasantry, in which what is written on one subject is altered, and applied to another by way of burlesque; travesty.

Parody (n.) A popular maxim, adage, or proverb.

Paroket (n.) See Paroquet.

Parol (n.) A word; an oral utterance.

Parol (n.) Oral declaration; word of mouth; also, a writing not under seal.

Parole (n.) A word; an oral utterance.

Parole (n.) Word of promise; word of honor; plighted faith; especially (Mil.), promise, upon one's faith and honor, to fulfill stated conditions, as not to bear arms against one's captors, to return to custody, or the like.

Parole (n.) A watchword given only to officers of guards; -- distinguished from countersign, which is given to all guards.

Parole (n.) Oral declaration. See lst Parol, 2.

Paromology (n.) A concession to an adversary in order to strengthen one's own argument.

Paronomasia (n.) A play upon words; a figure by which the same word is used in different senses, or words similar in sound are set in opposition to each other, so as to give antithetical force to the sentence; punning.

Paronomasy (n.) Paronomasia.

Paronychia (n.) A whitlow, or felon.

Paronym (n.) A paronymous word.

Paronymy (n.) The quality of being paronymous; also, the use of paronymous words.

Paroophoron (n.) A small mass of tubules near the ovary in some animals, and corresponding with the parepididymis of the male.

Paroquet (n.) Same as Parrakeet.

Parorchis (n.) The part of the epididymis; or the corresponding part of the excretory duct of the testicle, which is derived from the Wolffian body.

Parostosis (n.) Ossification which takes place in purely fibrous tracts; the formation of bone outside of the periosteum.

Parotid (n.) The parotid gland.

Parotitis (n.) Inflammation of the parotid glands.

Parotoid (n.) A parotoid gland.

Parousia (n.) The nativity of our Lord.

Parousia (n.) The last day.

Parovarium (n.) A group of tubules, a remnant of the Wolffian body, often found near the ovary or oviduct; the epoophoron.

Paroxysm (n.) The fit, attack, or exacerbation, of a disease that occurs at intervals, or has decided remissions or intermissions.

Paroxysm (n.) Any sudden and violent emotion; spasmodic passion or action; a convulsion; a fit.

Parquet (n.) A body of seats on the floor of a music hall or theater nearest the orchestra; but commonly applied to the whole lower floor of a theater, from the orchestra to the dress circle; the pit.

Parquet (n.) Same as Parquetry.

Parquetage (n.) See Parquetry.

Parquetry (n.) A species of joinery or cabinet-work consisting of an inlay of geometric or other patterns, generally of different colors, -- used especially for floors.

Parquette (n.) See Parquet.

Parr (n.) A young salmon in the stage when it has dark transverse bands; -- called also samlet, skegger, and fingerling.

Parr (n.) A young leveret.

Parrakeet (n.) Alt. of Parakeet

Parakeet (n.) Any one of numerous species of small parrots having a graduated tail, which is frequently very long; -- called also paroquet and paraquet.

Parral (n.) Alt. of Parrel

Parrel (n.) The rope or collar by which a yard or spar is held to the mast in such a way that it may be hoisted or lowered at pleasure.

Parrel (n.) A chimney-piece.

Parraqua (n.) A curassow of the genus Ortalida, allied to the guan.

Parrhesia (n.) Boldness or freedom of speech.

Parricide (n.) Properly, one who murders one's own father; in a wider sense, one who murders one's father or mother or any ancestor.

Parricide (n.) The act or crime of murdering one's own father or any ancestor.

Parrock (n.) A croft, or small field; a paddock.

Parrot (n.) In a general sense, any bird of the order Psittaci.

Parrot (n.) Any species of Psittacus, Chrysotis, Pionus, and other genera of the family Psittacidae, as distinguished from the parrakeets, macaws, and lories. They have a short rounded or even tail, and often a naked space on the cheeks. The gray parrot, or jako (P. erithacus) of Africa (see Jako), and the species of Amazon, or green, parrots (Chrysotis) of America, are examples. Many species, as cage birds, readily learn to imitate sounds, and to repeat words and phrases.

Parroter (n.) One who simply repeats what he has heard.

Parrotry (n.) Servile imitation or repetition.

Parrot's-bill (n.) The glory pea. See under Glory.

Parry (n.) A warding off of a thrust or blow, as in sword and bayonet exercises or in boxing; hence, figuratively, a defensive movement in debate or other intellectual encounter.

Parse (n.) To resolve into its elements, as a sentence, pointing out the several parts of speech, and their relation to each other by government or agreement; to analyze and describe grammatically.

Parsee (n.) One of the adherents of the Zoroastrian or ancient Persian religion, descended from Persian refugees settled in India; a fire worshiper; a Gheber.

Parsee (n.) The Iranian dialect of much of the religious literature of the Parsees.

Parseeism (n.) The religion and customs of the Parsees.

Parser (n.) One who parses.

Parsimony (n.) Closeness or sparingness in the expenditure of money; -- generally in a bad sense; excessive frugality; niggard

Parsley (n.) An aromatic umbelliferous herb (Carum Petroselinum), having finely divided leaves which are used in cookery and as a garnish.

Parsnip (n.) The aromatic and edible spindle-shaped root of the cultivated form of the Pastinaca sativa, a biennial umbelliferous plant which is very poisonous in its wild state; also, the plant itself.

Parson (n.) A person who represents a parish in its ecclesiastical and corporate capacities; hence, the rector or incumbent of a parochial church, who has full possession of all the rights thereof, with the cure of souls.

Parson (n.) Any clergyman having ecclesiastical preferment; one who is in orders, or is licensed to preach; a preacher.

Parsonage (n.) A certain portion of lands, tithes, and offerings, for the maintenance of the parson of a parish.

Parsonage (n.) The glebe and house, or the house only, owned by a parish or ecclesiastical society, and appropriated to the maintenance or use of the incumbent or settled pastor.

Parsonage (n.) Money paid for the support of a parson.

Part (n.) One of the portions, equal or unequal, into which anything is divided, or regarded as divided; something less than a whole; a number, quantity, mass, or the like, regarded as going to make up, with others, a larger number, quantity, mass, etc., whether actually separate or not; a piece; a fragment; a fraction; a division; a member; a constituent.

Part (n.) An equal constituent portion; one of several or many like quantities, numbers, etc., into which anything is divided, or of which it is composed; proportional division or ingredient.

Part (n.) A constituent portion of a living or spiritual whole; a member; an organ; an essential element.

Part (n.) A constituent of character or capacity; quality; faculty; talent; -- usually in the plural with a collective sense.

Part (n.) Quarter; region; district; -- usually in the plural.

Part (n.) Such portion of any quantity, as when taken a certain number of times, will exactly make that quantity; as, 3 is a part of 12; -- the opposite of multiple. Also, a

Part (n.) That which belongs to one, or which is assumed by one, or which falls to one, in a division or apportionment; share; portion; lot; interest; concern; duty; office.

Part (n.) One of the opposing parties or sides in a conflict or a controversy; a faction.

Part (n.) A particular character in a drama or a play; an assumed personification; also, the language, actions, and influence of a character or an actor in a play; or, figuratively, in real life. See To act a part, under Act.

Part (n.) One of the different melodies of a concerted composition, which heard in union compose its harmony; also, the music for each voice or instrument; as, the treble, tenor, or bass part; the violin part, etc.

Part (n.) To divide; to separate into distinct parts; to break into two or more parts or pieces; to sever.

Part (n.) To divide into shares; to divide and distribute; to allot; to apportion; to share.

Part (n.) To separate or disunite; to cause to go apart; to remove from contact or contiguity; to sunder.

Part (n.) Hence: To hold apart; to stand between; to intervene betwixt, as combatants.

Part (n.) To separate by a process of extraction, elimination, or secretion; as, to part gold from silver.

Part (n.) To leave; to quit.

Partage (n.) Division; the act of dividing or sharing.

Partage (n.) Part; portion; share.

Partaker (n.) One who partakes; a sharer; a participator.

Partaker (n.) An accomplice; an associate; a partner.

Partan (n.) An edible British crab.

Parter (n.) One who, or which, parts or separates.

Parterre (n.) An ornamental and diversified arrangement of beds or plots, in which flowers are cultivated, with intervening spaces of gravel or turf for walking on.

Parterre (n.) The pit of a theater; the parquet.

Partheniad (n.) A poem in honor of a virgin.

Parthenogenesis (n.) The production of new individuals from virgin females by means of ova which have the power of developing without the intervention of the male element; the production, without fertilization, of cells capable of germination. It is one of the phenomena of alternate generation. Cf. Heterogamy, and Metagenesis.

Parthenogenesis (n.) The production of seed without fertilization, believed to occur through the nonsexual formation of an embryo extraneous to the embrionic vesicle.

Parthenogeny (n.) Same as Parthenogenesis.

Parthenon (n.) A celebrated marble temple of Athene, on the Acropolis at Athens. It was of the pure Doric order, and has had an important influence on art.

Partenope (n.) One of the Sirens, who threw herself into the sea, in despair at not being able to beguile Ulysses by her songs.

Partenope (n.) One of the asteroids between Mars and Jupiter, descovered by M. de Gasparis in 1850.

Parthian (n.) A native Parthia.

Partial (n.) Of, pertaining to, or affecting, a part only; not general or universal; not total or entire; as, a partial eclipse of the moon.

Partial (n.) Inc

Partial (n.) Having a predelection for; inc

Partial (n.) Pertaining to a subordinate portion; as, a compound umbel is made up of a several partial umbels; a leaflet is often supported by a partial petiole.

Partialism (n.) Partiality; specifically (Theol.), the doctrine of the Partialists.

Partialist (n.) One who is partial.

Partialist (n.) One who holds that the atonement was made only for a part of mankind, that is, for the elect.

Partiality (n.) The quality or state of being partial; inclination to favor one party, or one side of a question, more than the other; undue bias of mind.

Partiality (n.) A predilection or inclination to one thing rather than to others; special taste or liking; as, a partiality for poetry or painting.

Partibility (n.) The quality or state of being partible; divisibility; separability; as, the partibility of an inherttance.

Participant (n.) A participator; a partaker.

Participation (n.) The act or state of participating, or sharing in common with others; as, a participation in joy or sorrows.

Participation (n.) Distribution; division into shares.

Participation (n.) community; fellowship; association.

Participator (n.) One who participates, or shares with another; a partaker.

Participial (n.) A participial word.

Participle (n.) A part of speech partaking of the nature both verb and adjective; a form of a verb, or verbal adjective, modifying a noun, but taking the adjuncts of the verb from which it is derived. In the sentences: a letter is written; being asleep he did not hear; exhausted by toil he will sleep soundly, -- written, being, and exhaustedare participles.

Particle (n.) A minute part or portion of matter; a morsel; a little bit; an atom; a jot; as, a particle of sand, of wood, of dust.

Particle (n.) Any very small portion or part; the smallest portion; as, he has not a particle of patriotism or virtue.

Particle (n.) A crumb or little piece of concecrated host.

Particle (n.) The smaller hosts distributed in the communion of the laity.

Particle (n.) A subordinate word that is never inflected (a preposition, conjunction, interjection); or a word that can not be used except in compositions; as, ward in backward, ly in lovely.

Particular (n.) A separate or distinct member of a class, or part of a whole; an individual fact, point, circumstance, detail, or item, which may be considered separately; as, the particulars of a story.

Particular (n.) Special or personal peculiarity, trait, or character; individuality; interest, etc.

Particular (n.) One of the details or items of grounds of claim; -- usually in the pl.; also, a bill of particulars; a minute account; as, a particular of premises.

Particularism (n.) A minute description; a detailed statement.

Particularism (n.) The doctrine of particular election.

Particularism (n.) Devotion to the interests of one's own kingdom or province rather than to those of the empire.

Particularist (n.) One who holds to particularism.

Particularity (n.) The state or quality of being particular; distinctiveness; circumstantiality; minuteness in detail.

Particularity (n.) That which is particular

Particularity (n.) Peculiar quality; individual characteristic; peculiarity.

Particularity (n.) Special circumstance; minute detail; particular.

Particularity (n.) Something of special or private concern or interest.

Particularization (n.) The act of particularizing.

Particularment (n.) A particular; a detail.

Parting (n.) The act of parting or dividing; the state of being parted; division; separation.

Parting (n.) A separation; a leave-taking.

Parting (n.) A surface or

Parting (n.) The surface of the sand of one section of a mold where it meets that of another section.

Parting (n.) The separation and determination of alloys; esp., the separation, as by acids, of gold from silver in the assay button.

Parting (n.) A joint or fissure, as in a coal seam.

Parting (n.) The breaking, as of a cable, by violence.

Parting (n.) Lamellar separation in a crystallized mineral, due to some other cause than cleavage, as to the presence of twinning lamellae.

Partisan (n.) An adherent to a party or faction; esp., one who is strongly and passionately devoted to a party or an interest.

Partisan (n.) The commander of a body of detached light troops engaged in making forays and harassing an enemy.

Partisan (n.) Any member of such a corps.

Partisan (n.) A kind of halberd or pike; also, a truncheon; a staff.

Partisanship (n.) The state of being a partisan, or adherent to a party; feelings or conduct appropriate to a partisan.

Partita (n.) A suite; a set of variations.

Partitionment (n.) The act of partitioning.

Partitive (n.) A word expressing partition, or denoting a part.

Partlet (n.) A covering for the neck, and sometimes for the shoulders and breast; originally worn by both sexes, but laterby women alone; a ruff.

Partlet (n.) A hen; -- so called from the ruffing of her neck feathers.

Partner (n.) One who has a part in anything with an other; a partaker; an associate; a sharer. "Partner of his fortune." Shak. Hence: (a) A husband or a wife. (b) Either one of a couple who dance together. (c) One who shares as a member of a partnership in the management, or in the gains and losses, of a business.

Partner (n.) An associate in any business or occupation; a member of a partnership. See Partnership.

Partner (n.) A framework of heavy timber surrounding an opening in a deck, to strengthen it for the support of a mast, pump, capstan, or the like.

Partnership (n.) The state or condition of being a partner; as, to be in partnership with another; to have partnership in the fortunes of a family or a state.

Partnership (n.) A division or sharing among partners; joint possession or interest.

Partnership (n.) An alliance or association of persons for the prosecution of an undertaking or a business on joint account; a company; a firm; a house; as, to form a partnership.

Partnership (n.) A contract between two or more competent persons for joining together their money, goods, labor, and skill, or any or all of them, under an understanding that there shall be a communion of profit between them, and for the purpose of carrying on a legal trade, business, or adventure.

Partnership (n.) See Fellowship, n., 6.

Partridge (n.) Any one of numerous species of small gallinaceous birds of the genus Perdix and several related genera of the family Perdicidae, of the Old World. The partridge is noted as a game bird.

Partridge (n.) Any one of several species of quail-like birds belonging to Colinus, and allied genera.

Partridge (n.) The ruffed grouse (Bonasa umbellus).

Parture (n.) Departure.

Parturiency (n.) Parturition.

Parturifacient (n.) A medicine tending to cause parturition, or to give relief in childbearing.

Parturition (n.) The act of bringing forth, or being delivered of, young; the act of giving birth; delivery; childbirth.

Parturition (n.) That which is brought forth; a birth.

Partyism (n.) Devotion to party.

Parusia (n.) A figure of speech by which the present tense is used instead of the past or the future, as in the animated narration of past, or in the prediction of future, events.

Parvanimity (n.) The state or quality of having a little or ignoble mind; pettiness; meanness; -- opposed to magnanimity.

Parvenu (n.) An upstart; a man newly risen into notice.

Parvis (n.) Alt. of Parvise

Parvise (n.) a court of entrance to, or an inclosed space before, a church; hence, a church porch; -- sometimes formerly used as place of meeting, as for lawyers.

Parvitude (n.) Alt. of Parvity

Parvity (n.) Littleness.

Parvolin (n.) A nonoxygenous ptomaine, formed in the putrefaction of albuminous matters, especially of horseflesh and mackerel.


Pas (n.) A pace; a step, as in a dance.

Pas (n.) Right of going foremost; precedence.

Pasan (n.) The gemsbok.

Pasch (n.) Alt. of Pascha

Pascha (n.) The passover; the feast of Easter.

Paseng (n.) The wild or bezoar goat. See Goat.

Pasha (n.) An honorary title given to officers of high rank in Turkey, as to governers of provinces, military commanders, etc. The earlier form was bashaw.

Pashalic (n.) The jurisdiction of a pasha.

Pashaw (n.) See Pasha.

Pasigraphy (n.) A system of universal writing, or a manner of writing that may be understood and used by all nations.

Pasilaly (n.) A form of speech adapted to be used by all mankind; universal language.

Pask (n.) See Pasch.

Paspy (n.) A kind of minuet, in triple time, of French origin, popular in the reign of Queen Elizabeth and for some time after; -- called also passing measure, and passymeasure.

Pasque (n.) See Pasch.

Pasquil (n.) See Pasquin.

Pasquilant (n.) A lampooner; a pasquiler.

Pasquiler (n.) A lampooner.

Pasquin (n.) A lampooner; also, a lampoon. See Pasquinade.

Pasquinade (n.) A lampoon or satirical writing.

Passableness (n.) The quality of being passable.

Passacaglia (n.) Alt. of Passacaglio

Passacaglio (n.) An old Italian or Spanish dance tune, in slow three-four measure, with divisions on a ground bass, resembling a chaconne.

Passager (n.) A passenger; a bird or boat of passage.

Passageway (n.) A way for passage; a hall. See Passage, 5.

Passegarde (n.) A ridge or projecting edge on a shoulder piece to turn the blow of a lance or other weapon from the joint of the armor.

Passement (n.) Lace, gimp, braid etc., sewed on a garment.

Passementerie (n.) Beaded embroidery for women's dresses.

Passenger (n.) A passer or passer-by; a wayfarer.

Passenger (n.) A traveler by some established conveyance, as a coach, steamboat, railroad train, etc.

Passe partout (n.) That by which one can pass anywhere; a safe-conduct.

Passe partout (n.) A master key; a latchkey.

Passe partout (n.) A light picture frame or mat of cardboard, wood, or the like, usually put between the picture and the glass, and sometimes serving for several pictures.

Passer (n.) One who passes; a passenger.

Passer-by (n.) One who goes by; a passer.

Passerine (n.) One of the Passeres.

Passibility (n.) The quality or state of being passible; aptness to feel or suffer; sensibility.

Passibleness (n.) Passibility.

Passiflora (n.) A genus of plants, including the passion flower. It is the type of the order Passifloreae, which includes about nineteen genera and two hundred and fifty species.

Passing (n.) The act of one who, or that which, passes; the act of going by or away.

Passion (n.) A suffering or enduring of imposed or inflicted pain; any suffering or distress (as, a cardiac passion); specifically, the suffering of Christ between the time of the last supper and his death, esp. in the garden upon the cross.

Passion (n.) The state of being acted upon; subjection to an external agent or influence; a passive condition; -- opposed to action.

Passion (n.) Capacity of being affected by external agents; susceptibility of impressions from external agents.

Passion (n.) The state of the mind when it is powerfully acted upon and influenced by something external to itself; the state of any particular faculty which, under such conditions, becomes extremely sensitive or uncontrollably excited; any emotion or sentiment (specifically, love or anger) in a state of abnormal or controlling activity; an extreme or inordinate desire; also, the capacity or susceptibility of being so affected; as, to be in a passion; the passions of love, hate, jealously, >

Passion (n.) Disorder of the mind; madness.

Passion (n.) Passion week. See Passion week, below.

Passional (n.) A passionary.

Passionary (n.) A book in which are described the sufferings of saints and martyrs.

Passionateness (n.) The state or quality of being passionate.

Passionist (n.) A member of a religious order founded in Italy in 1737, and introduced into the United States in 1852. The members of the order unite the austerities of the Trappists with the activity and zeal of the Jesuits and Lazarists. Called also Barefooted Clerks of the Most Holy Cross.

Passiontide (n.) The last fortnight of Lent.

Passiveness (n.) The quality or state of being passive; unresisting submission.

Passivity (n.) Passiveness; -- opposed to activity.

Passivity (n.) The tendency of a body to remain in a given state, either of motion or rest, till disturbed by another body; inertia.

Passivity (n.) The quality or condition of any substance which has no inclination to chemical activity; inactivity.

Pass-key (n.) A key for opening more locks than one; a master key.

Passman (n.) One who passes for a degree, without honors. See Classman, 2.

Passover (n.) A feast of the Jews, instituted to commemorate the sparing of the Hebrews in Egypt, when God, smiting the firstborn of the Egyptians, passed over the houses of the Israelites which were marked with the blood of a lamb.

Passover (n.) The sacrifice offered at the feast of the passover; the paschal lamb.

Pass-parole (n.) An order passed from front to rear by word of mouth.

Passport (n.) Permission to pass; a document given by the competent officer of a state, permitting the person therein named to pass or travel from place to place, without molestation, by land or by water.

Passport (n.) A document carried by neutral merchant vessels in time of war, to certify their nationality and protect them from belligerents; a sea letter.

Passport (n.) A license granted in time of war for the removal of persons and effects from a hostile country; a safe-conduct.

Passport (n.) Figuratively: Anything which secures advancement and general acceptance.

Passus (n.) A division or part; a canto; as, the passus of Piers Plowman. See 2d Fit.

Password (n.) A word to be given before a person is allowed to pass; a watchword; a countersign.

Passymeasure (n.) See Paspy.

Past (n.) A former time or state; a state of things gone by.

Paste (n.) A soft composition, as of flour moistened with water or milk, or of earth moistened to the consistence of dough, as in making potter's ware.

Paste (n.) Specifically, in cookery, a dough prepared for the crust of pies and the like; pastry dough.

Paste (n.) A kind of cement made of flour and water, starch and water, or the like, -- used for uniting paper or other substances, as in bookbinding, etc., -- also used in calico printing as a vehicle for mordant or color.

Paste (n.) A highly refractive vitreous composition, variously colored, used in making imitations of precious stones or gems. See Strass.

Paste (n.) A soft confection made of the inspissated juice of fruit, licorice, or the like, with sugar, etc.

Paste (n.) The mineral substance in which other minerals are imbedded.

Pasteboard (n.) A stiff thick kind of paper board, formed of several single sheets pasted one upon another, or of paper macerated and pressed into molds, etc.

Pasteboard (n.) A board on which pastry dough is rolled; a molding board.

Pastel (n.) A crayon made of a paste composed of a color ground with gum water.

Pastel (n.) A plant affording a blue dye; the woad (Isatis tinctoria); also, the dye itself.

Paster (n.) One who pastes; as, a paster in a government department.

Paster (n.) A slip of paper, usually bearing a name, intended to be pasted by the voter, as a substitute, over another name on a printed ballot.

Pastern (n.) The part of the foot of the horse, and allied animals, between the fetlock and the coffin joint. See Illust. of Horse.

Pastern (n.) A shackle for horses while pasturing.

Pastern (n.) A patten.

Pasteurism (n.) A method of treatment, devised by Pasteur, for preventing certain diseases, as hydrophobia, by successive inoculations with an attenuated virus of gradually increasing strength.

Pasteurism (n.) Pasteurization.

Pasteurization (n.) A process devised by Pasteur for preventing or checking fermentation in fluids, such as wines, milk, etc., by exposure to a temperature of 140! F., thus destroying the vitality of the contained germs or ferments.

Pasticcio (n.) A medley; an olio.

Pasticcio (n.) A work of art imitating directly the work of another artist, or of more artists than one.

Pasticcio (n.) A falsified work of art, as a vase or statue made up of parts of original works, with missing parts supplied.

Pastil (n.) Alt. of Pastille

Pastille (n.) A small cone or mass made of paste of gum, benzoin, cinnamon, and other aromatics, -- used for fumigating or scenting the air of a room.

Pastille (n.) An aromatic or medicated lozenge; a troche.

Pastille (n.) See Pastel, a crayon.

Pastime (n.) That which amuses, and serves to make time pass agreeably; sport; amusement; diversion.

Pastor (n.) A shepherd; one who has the care of flocks and herds.

Pastor (n.) A guardian; a keeper; specifically (Eccl.), a minister having the charge of a church and parish.

Pastor (n.) A species of starling (Pastor roseus), native of the plains of Western Asia and Eastern Europe. Its head is crested and glossy greenish black, and its back is rosy. It feeds largely upon locusts.

Pastorage (n.) The office, jurisdiction, or duty, of a pastor; pastorate.

Pastoral (n.) A poem describing the life and manners of shepherds; a poem in which the speakers assume the character of shepherds; an idyl; a bucolic.

Pastoral (n.) A cantata relating to rural life; a composition for instruments characterized by simplicity and sweetness; a lyrical composition the subject of which is taken from rural life.

Pastoral (n.) A letter of a pastor to his charge; specifically, a letter addressed by a bishop to his diocese; also (Prot. Epis. Ch.), a letter of the House of Bishops, to be read in each parish.

Pastorale (n.) A composition in a soft, rural style, generally in 6-8 or 12-8 time.

Pastorale (n.) A kind of dance; a kind of figure used in a dance.

Pastorate (n.) The office, state, or jurisdiction of a pastor.

Pastorling (n.) An insignificant pastor.

Pastorship (n.) Pastorate.

Pastry (n.) The place where pastry is made.

Pastry (n.) Articles of food made of paste, or having a crust made of paste, as pies, tarts, etc.

Pasturage (n.) Grazing ground; grass land used for pasturing; pasture.

Pasturage (n.) Grass growing for feed; grazing.

Pasturage (n.) The business of feeding or grazing cattle.

Pasture (n.) Food; nourishment.

Pasture (n.) Specifically: Grass growing for the food of cattle; the food of cattle taken by grazing.

Pasture (n.) Grass land for cattle, horses, etc.; pasturage.

Pasturer (n.) One who pastures; one who takes cattle to graze. See Agister.

Pasty (n.) A pie consisting usually of meat wholly surrounded with a crust made of a sheet of paste, and often baked without a dish; a meat pie.

Pat (n.) A light, quik blow or stroke with the fingers or hand; a tap.

Pat (n.) A small mass, as of butter, shaped by pats.

Pataca (n.) The Spanish dollar; -- called also patacoon.

Patache (n.) A tender to a fleet, formerly used for conveying men, orders, or treasure.

Patacoon (n.) See Pataca.

Patagium (n.) In bats, an expansion of the integument uniting the fore limb with the body and extending between the elongated fingers to form the wing; in birds, the similar fold of integument uniting the fore limb with the body.

Patagium (n.) One of a pair of small vesicular organs situated at the bases of the anterior wings of lepidopterous insects. See Illust. of Butterfly.

Patagonian (n.) A native of Patagonia.

Patamar (n.) A vessel resembling a grab, used in the coasting trade of Bombay and Ceylon.

Patas (n.) A West African long-tailed monkey (Cercopithecus ruber); the red monkey.

Patavinity (n.) The use of local or provincial words, as in the peculiar style or diction of Livy, the Roman historian; -- so called from Patavium, now Padua, the place of Livy's nativity.

Patch (n.) A piece of cloth, or other suitable material, sewed or otherwise fixed upon a garment to repair or strengthen it, esp. upon an old garment to cover a hole.

Patch (n.) A small piece of anything used to repair a breach; as, a patch on a kettle, a roof, etc.

Patch (n.) A small piece of black silk stuck on the face, or neck, to hide a defect, or to heighten beauty.

Patch (n.) A piece of greased cloth or leather used as wrapping for a rifle ball, to make it fit the bore.

Patch (n.) Fig.: Anything regarded as a patch; a small piece of ground; a tract; a plot; as, scattered patches of trees or growing corn.

Patch (n.) A block on the muzzle of a gun, to do away with the effect of dispart, in sighting.

Patch (n.) A paltry fellow; a rogue; a ninny; a fool.

Patcher (n.) One who patches or botches.

Patchery (n.) Botchery; covering of defects; bungling; hypocrisy.

Patchouli (n.) Alt. of Patchouly

Patchouly (n.) A mintlike plant (Pogostemon Patchouli) of the East Indies, yielding an essential oil from which a highly valued perfume is made.

Patchouly (n.) The perfume made from this plant.

Patchwork (n.) Work composed of pieces sewed together, esp. pieces of various colors and figures; hence, anything put together of incongruous or ill-adapted parts; something irregularly clumsily composed; a thing putched up.

Pate (n.) A pie. See Patty.

Pate (n.) A kind of platform with a parapet, usually of an oval form, and generally erected in marshy grounds to cover a gate of a fortified place.

Pate (n.) The head of a person; the top, or crown, of the head.

Pate (n.) The skin of a calf's head.

Patee (n.) See Pattee.

Patefaction (n.) The act of opening, disclosing, or manifesting; open declaration.

Patela (n.) A large flat-bottomed trading boat peculiar to the river Ganges; -- called also puteli.

Patella (n.) A small dish, pan, or vase.

Patella (n.) The kneepan; the cap of the knee.

Patella (n.) A genus of marine gastropods, including many species of limpets. The shell has the form of a flattened cone. The common European limpet (Patella vulgata) is largely used for food.

Patella (n.) A kind of apothecium in lichens, which is orbicular, flat, and sessile, and has a special rim not a part of the thallus.

Patellula (n.) A cuplike sucker on the feet of certain insects.

Paten (n.) A plate.

Paten (n.) The place on which the consecrated bread is placed in the Eucharist, or on which the host is placed during the Mass. It is usually small, and formed as to fit the chalice, or cup, as a cover.

Patena (n.) A paten.

Patena (n.) A grassy expanse in the hill region of Ceylon.

Patency (n.) The condition of being open, enlarged, or spread.

Patency (n.) The state of being patent or evident.

Patentee (n.) One to whom a grant is made, or a privilege secured, by patent.

Patera (n.) A saucerlike vessel of earthenware or metal, used by the Greeks and Romans in libations and sacrificies.

Patera (n.) A circular ornament, resembling a dish, often worked in relief on friezes, and the like.

Paterero (n.) See Pederero.

Paterfamilias (n.) The head of a family; in a large sense, the proprietor of an estate; one who is his own master.

Paternalism (n.) The theory or practice of paternal government. See Paternal government, under Paternal.

Paternity (n.) The relation of a father to his child; fathership; fatherhood; family headship; as, the divine paternity.

Paternity (n.) Derivation or descent from a father; male parentage; as, the paternity of a child.

Paternity (n.) Origin; authorship.

Paternoster (n.) The Lord's prayer, so called from the first two words of the Latin version.

Paternoster (n.) A beadlike ornament in moldings.

Paternoster (n.) A

Path (n.) A trodden way; a footway.

Path (n.) A way, course, or track, in which anything moves or has moved; route; passage; an established way; as, the path of a meteor, of a caravan, of a storm, of a pestilence. Also used figuratively, of a course of life or action.

Pathetism (n.) See Mesmerism.

Pathfinder (n.) One who discovers a way or path; one who explores untraversed regions.

Pathic (n.) A male who submits to the crime against nature; a catamite.

Pathmaker (n.) One who, or that which, makes a way or path.

Pathogene (n.) One of a class of virulent microorganisms or bacteria found in the tissues and fluids in infectious diseases, and supposed to be the cause of the disease; a pathogenic organism; a pathogenic bacterium; -- opposed to zymogene.

Pathogenesis (n.) Pathogeny.

Pathogeny (n.) The generation, and method of development, of disease; as, the pathogeny of yellow fever is unsettled.

Pathogeny (n.) That branch of pathology which treats of the generation and development of disease.

Pathognomy (n.) Expression of the passions; the science of the signs by which human passions are indicated.

Pathologist (n.) One skilled in pathology; an investigator in pathology; as, the pathologist of a hospital, whose duty it is to determine the causes of the diseases.

Pathology (n.) The science which treats of diseases, their nature, causes, progress, symptoms, etc.

Pathopoela (n.) A speech, or figure of speech, designed to move the passion.

Pathos (n.) That quality or property of anything which touches the feelings or excites emotions and passions, esp., that which awakens tender emotions, such as pity, sorrow, and the like; contagious warmth of feeling, action, or expression; pathetic quality; as, the pathos of a picture, of a poem, or of a cry.

Pathway (n.) A footpath; a beaten track; any path or course. Also used figuratively.

Patience (n.) The state or quality of being patient; the power of suffering with fortitude; uncomplaining endurance of evils or wrongs, as toil, pain, poverty, insult, oppression, calamity, etc.

Patience (n.) The act or power of calmly or contentedly waiting for something due or hoped for; forbearance.

Patience (n.) Constancy in labor or application; perseverance.

Patience (n.) Sufferance; permission.

Patience (n.) A kind of dock (Rumex Patientia), less common in America than in Europe; monk's rhubarb.

Patience (n.) Solitaire.

Patient (n.) ONe who, or that which, is passively affected; a passive recipient.

Patient (n.) A person under medical or surgical treatment; -- correlative to physician or nurse.

Patin (n.) Alt. of Patine

Patine (n.) A plate. See Paten.

Patina (n.) A dish or plate of metal or earthenware; a patella.

Patina (n.) The color or incrustation which age gives to works of art; especially, the green rust which covers ancient bronzes, coins, and medals.

Patio (n.) A paved yard or floor where ores are cleaned and sorted, or where ore, salt, mercury, etc., are trampled by horses, to effect intermixture and amalgamation.

Patness (n.) Fitness or appropriateness; striking suitableness; convenience.

Patois (n.) A dialect peculiar to the illiterate classes; a provincial form of speech.

Patrial (n.) A patrial noun. Thus Romanus, a Roman, and Troas, a woman of Troy, are patrial nouns, or patrials.

Patriarch (n.) The father and ruler of a family; one who governs his family or descendants by paternal right; -- usually applied to heads of families in ancient history, especially in Biblical and Jewish history to those who lived before the time of Moses.

Patriarch (n.) A dignitary superior to the order of archbishops; as, the patriarch of Constantinople, of Alexandria, or of Antioch.

Patriarch (n.) A venerable old man; an elder. Also used figuratively.

Patriarchate (n.) The office, dignity, or jurisdiction of a patriarch.

Patriarchate (n.) The residence of an ecclesiastic patriarch.

Patriarchate (n.) A patriarchal form of government or society. See Patriarchal, a., 3.

Patriarchdom (n.) The office or jurisdiction of a patriarch; patriarchate.

Patriarchism (n.) Government by a patriarch, or the head of a family.

Patriarchship (n.) A patriarchate.

Patriarchy (n.) The jurisdiction of a patriarch; patriarchship.

Patriarchy (n.) Government by a patriarch; patriarchism.

Patrician (n.) Originally, a member of any of the families constituting the populus Romanus, or body of Roman citizens, before the development of the plebeian order; later, one who, by right of birth or by special privilege conferred, belonged to the nobility.

Patrician (n.) A person of high birth; a nobleman.

Patrician (n.) One familiar with the works of the Christian Fathers; one versed in patristic lore.

Patricianism (n.) The rank or character of patricians.

Patriciate (n.) The patrician class; the aristocracy; also, the office of patriarch.

Patricide (n.) The murderer of his father.

Patricide (n.) The crime of one who murders his father. Same as Parricide.

Patrimony (n.) A right or estate inherited from one's father; or, in a larger sense, from any ancestor.

Patrimony (n.) Formerly, a church estate or endowment.

Patriot (n.) One who loves his country, and zealously supports its authority and interests.

Patriotism (n.) Love of country; devotion to the welfare of one's country; the virtues and actions of a patriot; the passion which inspires one to serve one's country.

Patripassian (n.) One of a body of believers in the early church who denied the independent preexistent personality of Christ, and who, accordingly, held that the Father suffered in the Son; a monarchian.

Patrist (n.) One versed in patristics.

Patristics (n.) That departnent of historical theology which treats of the lives and doctrines of the Fathers of the church.

Patrocination (n.) The act of patrocinating or patronizing.

Patrociny (n.) See Patrocination.

Patrolman (n.) One who patrols; a watchman; especially, a policeman who patrols a particular precinct of a town or city.

Patron (n.) One who protects, supports, or countenances; a defender.

Patron (n.) A master who had freed his slave, but still retained some paternal rights over him.

Patron (n.) A man of distinction under whose protection another person placed himself.

Patron (n.) An advocate or pleader.

Patron (n.) One who encourages or helps a person, a cause, or a work; a furtherer; a promoter; as, a patron of art.

Patron (n.) One who has gift and disposition of a benefice.

Patron (n.) A guardian saint. -- called also patron saint.

Patron (n.) See Padrone, 2.

Patronage (n.) Special countenance or support; favor, encouragement, or aid, afforded to a person or a work; as, the patronage of letters; patronage given to an author.

Patronage (n.) Business custom.

Patronage (n.) Guardianship, as of a saint; tutelary care.

Patronage (n.) The right of nomination to political office; also, the offices, contracts, honors, etc., which a public officer may bestow by favor.

Patronage (n.) The right of presentation to church or ecclesiastical benefice; advowson.

Patronate (n.) The right or duty of a patron; patronage.

Patroness (n.) A female patron or helper.

Patronization (n.) The act of patronizing; patronage; support.

Patronizer (n.) One who patronizes.

Patronomayology (n.) That branch of knowledge which deals with personal names and their origin; the study of patronymics.

Patronymic (n.) A modification of the father's name borne by the son; a name derived from that of a parent or ancestor; as, Pelides, the son of Peleus; Johnson, the son of John; Macdonald, the son of Donald; Paulowitz, the son of Paul; also, the surname of a family; the family name.

Patroon (n.) One of the proprietors of certain tracts of land with manorial privileges and right of entail, under the old Dutch governments of New York and New Jersey.

Patroonship (n.) The office of a patroon.

Pattemar (n.) See Patamar.

Patten (n.) A clog or sole of wood, usually supported by an iron ring, worn to raise the feet from the wet or the mud.

Patten (n.) A stilt.

Patter (n.) A quick succession of slight sounds; as, the patter of rain; the patter of little feet.

Patter (n.) Glib and rapid speech; a voluble harangue.

Patter (n.) The cant of a class; patois; as, thieves's patter; gypsies' patter.

Patterer (n.) One who patters, or talks glibly; specifically, a street peddler.

Pattern (n.) Anything proposed for imitation; an archetype; an exemplar; that which is to be, or is worthy to be, copied or imitated; as, a pattern of a machine.

Pattern (n.) A part showing the figure or quality of the whole; a specimen; a sample; an example; an instance.

Pattern (n.) Stuff sufficient for a garment; as, a dress pattern.

Pattern (n.) Figure or style of decoration; design; as, wall paper of a beautiful pattern.

Pattern (n.) Something made after a model; a copy.

Pattern (n.) Anything cut or formed to serve as a guide to cutting or forming objects; as, a dressmaker's pattern.

Pattern (n.) A full-sized model around which a mold of sand is made, to receive the melted metal. It is usually made of wood and in several parts, so as to be removed from the mold without injuring it.

Patty (n.) A little pie.

Pattypan (n.) A pan for baking patties.

Pattypan (n.) A patty.

Pau (n.) See Pah.

Pauciloquy (n.) Brevity in speech.

Paucity (n.) Fewness; smallness of number; scarcity.

Paucity (n.) Smallnes of quantity; exiguity; insufficiency; as, paucity of blood.

Paugie (n.) Alt. of Paugy

Paugy (n.) The scup. See Porgy, and Scup.

Pauhaugen (n.) The menhaden; -- called also poghaden.

Paul (n.) See Pawl.

Paul (n.) An Italian silver coin. See Paolo.

Pauldron (n.) A piece of armor covering the shoulder at the junction of the body piece and arm piece.

Paulian (n.) Alt. of Paulianist

Paulianist (n.) A follower of Paul of Samosata, a bishop of Antioch in the third century, who was deposed for denying the divinity of Christ.

Paulician (n.) One of a sect of Christian dualists originating in Armenia in the seventh century. They rejected the Old Testament and the part of the New.

Paulin (n.) See Tarpaulin.

Paulist (n.) A member of The Institute of the Missionary Priests of St. Paul the Apostle, founded in 1858 by the Rev. I. T. Hecker of New York. The majority of the members were formerly Protestants.

Paulownia (n.) A genus of trees of the order Scrophulariaceae, consisting of one species, Paulownia imperialis.

Paunce (n.) The pansy.

Paunch (n.) The belly and its contents; the abdomen; also, the first stomach, or rumen, of ruminants. See Rumen.

Paunch (n.) A paunch mat; -- called also panch.

Paunch (n.) The thickened rim of a bell, struck by the clapper.

Paune (n.) A kind of bread. See Pone.

Pauper (n.) A poor person; especially, one development on private or public charity. Also used adjectively; as, pouper immigrants, pouper labor.

Pauperism (n.) The state of being a pauper; the state of indigent persons requiring support from the community.

Pauperization (n.) The act or process of reducing to pauperism.

Pause (n.) A temporary stop or rest; an intermission of action; interruption; suspension; cessation.

Pause (n.) Temporary inaction or waiting; hesitation; suspence; doubt.

Pause (n.) In speaking or reading aloud, a brief arrest or suspension of voice, to indicate the limits and relations of sentences and their parts.

Pause (n.) In writing and printing, a mark indicating the place and nature of an arrest of voice in reading; a punctuation point; as, teach the pupil to mind the pauses.

Pause (n.) A break or paragraph in writing.

Pause (n.) A hold. See 4th Hold, 7.

Pause (n.) To make a short stop; to cease for a time; to intermit speaking or acting; to stop; to wait; to rest.

Pause (n.) To be intermitted; to cease; as, the music pauses.

Pause (n.) To hesitate; to hold back; to delay.

Pause (n.) To stop in order to consider; hence, to consider; to reflect.

Pauser (n.) One who pauses.

Pauxi (n.) A curassow (Ourax pauxi), which, in South America, is often domesticated.

Pavage (n.) See Pavage.

Pavan (n.) A stately and formal Spanish dance for which full state costume is worn; -- so called from the resemblance of its movements to those of the peacock.

Pave (n.) The pavement.

Pavement (n.) That with which anythingis paved; a floor or covering of solid material, laid so as to make a hard and convenient surface for travel; a paved road or sidewalk; a decorative interior floor of tiles or colored bricks.

Paven (n.) See Pavan.

Paver (n.) One who paves; one who lays a pavement.

Pavesade (n.) A canvas screen, formerly sometimes extended along the side of a vessel in a naval engagement, to conceal from the enemy the operations on board.

Pavese (n.) Alt. of Pavesse

Pavesse (n.) Pavise.

Paviage (n.) A contribution or a tax for paving streets or highways.

Pavian (n.) See Pavan.

Pavidity (n.) Timidity.

Pavier (n.) A paver.

Paviin (n.) A glucoside found in species of the genus Pavia of the Horse-chestnut family.

Pavilion (n.) A temporary movable habitation; a large tent; a marquee; esp., a tent raised on posts.

Pavilion (n.) A single body or mass of building, contained within simple walls and a single roof, whether insulated, as in the park or garden of a larger edifice, or united with other parts, and forming an angle or central feature of a large pile.

Pavilion (n.) A flag, colors, ensign, or banner.

Pavilion (n.) Same as Tent (Her.)

Pavilion (n.) That part of a brilliant which lies between the girdle and collet. See Illust. of Brilliant.

Pavilion (n.) The auricle of the ear; also, the fimbriated extremity of the Fallopian tube.

Pavilion (n.) A covering; a canopy; figuratively, the sky.

Pavin (n.) See Pavan.

Paving (n.) The act or process of laying a pavement, or covering some place with a pavement.

Paving (n.) A pavement.

Pavior (n.) One who paves; a paver.

Pavior (n.) A rammer for driving paving stones.

Pavior (n.) A brick or slab used for paving.

Pavise (n.) A large shield covering the whole body, carried by a pavisor, who sometimes screened also an archer with it.

Pavisor (n.) A soldier who carried a pavise.

Pavo (n.) A genus of birds, including the peacocks.

Pavo (n.) The Peacock, a constellation of the southern hemisphere.

Pavon (n.) A small triangular flag, esp. one attached to a knight's lance; a pennon.

Pavone (n.) A peacock.

Paw (n.) The foot of a quadruped having claws, as the lion, dog, cat, etc.

Paw (n.) The hand.

Pawk (n.) A small lobster.

Pawl (n.) A pivoted tongue, or sliding bolt, on one part of a machine, adapted to fall into notches, or interdental spaces, on another part, as a ratchet wheel, in such a manner as to permit motion in one direction and prevent it in the reverse, as in a windlass; a catch, click, or detent. See Illust. of Ratchet Wheel.

Pawn (n.) See Pan, the masticatory.

Pawn (n.) A man or piece of the lowest rank.

Pawn (n.) Anything delivered or deposited as security, as for the payment of money borrowed, or of a debt; a pledge. See Pledge, n., 1.

Pawn (n.) State of being pledged; a pledge for the fulfillment of a promise.

Pawn (n.) A stake hazarded in a wager.

Pawnbroker (n.) One who makes a business of lending money on the security of personal property pledged or deposited in his keeping.

Pawnbroking (n.) The business of a pawnbroker.

Pawnee (n.) One or two whom a pledge is delivered as security; one who takes anything in pawn.

Pawner (n.) Alt. of Pawnor

Pawnor (n.) One who pawns or pledges anything as security for the payment of borrowed money or of a debt.

Pawpaw (n.) See Papaw.

Pax (n.) The kiss of peace; also, the embrace in the sanctuary now substituted for it at High Mass in Roman Catholic churches.

Pax (n.) A tablet or board, on which is a representation of Christ, of the Virgin Mary, or of some saint and which, in the Mass, was kissed by the priest and then by the people, in mediaeval times; an osculatory. It is still used in communities, confraternities, etc.

Paxillus (n.) One of a peculiar kind of spines covering the surface of certain starfishes. They are pillarlike, with a flattened summit which is covered with minute spinules or granules. See Illustration in Appendix.

Paxwax (n.) The strong ligament of the back of the neck in quadrupeds. It connects the back of the skull with dorsal spines of the cervical vertebrae, and helps to support the head. Called also paxywaxy and packwax.

Paxywaxy (n.) See Paxwax.

Pay (n.) Satisfaction; content.

Pay (n.) An equivalent or return for money due, goods purchased, or services performed; salary or wages for work or service; compensation; recompense; payment; hire; as, the pay of a clerk; the pay of a soldier.

Payee (n.) The person to whom money is to be, or has been, paid; the person named in a bill or note, to whom, or to whose order, the amount is promised or directed to be paid. See Bill of exchange, under Bill.

Payer (n.) One who pays; specifically, the person by whom a bill or note has been, or should be, paid.

Paymaster (n.) One who pays; one who compensates, rewards, or requites; specifically, an officer or agent of a government, a corporation, or an employer, whose duty it is to pay salaries, wages, etc., and keep account of the same.

Payment (n.) The act of paying, or giving compensation; the discharge of a debt or an obligation.

Payment (n.) That which is paid; the thing given in discharge of a debt, or an obligation, or in fulfillment of a promise; reward; recompense; requital; return.

Payment (n.) Punishment; chastisement.

Payn (n.) Bread. Having

Payndemain (n.) The finest and whitest bread made in the Middle Ages; -- called also paynemain, payman.

Payor (n.) See Payer.

Paytine (n.) An alkaloid obtained from a white bark resembling that of the cinchona, first brought from Payta, in Peru.

Pea (n.) The sliding weight on a steelyard.

Pea (n.) See Peak, n., 3.

Pea (n.) A plant, and its fruit, of the genus Pisum, of many varieties, much cultivated for food. It has a papilionaceous flower, and the pericarp is a legume, popularly called a pod.

Pea (n.) A name given, especially in the Southern States, to the seed of several leguminous plants (species of Dolichos, Cicer, Abrus, etc.) esp. those having a scar (hilum) of a different color from the rest of the seed.

Peabird (n.) The wryneck; -- so called from its note.

Peacebreaker (n.) One who disturbs the public peace.

Peacemaker (n.) One who makes peace by reconciling parties that are at variance.

Peach (n.) A well-known high-flavored juicy fruit, containing one or two seeds in a hard almond-like endocarp or stone; also, the tree which bears it (Prunus, / Amygdalus Persica). In the wild stock the fruit is hard and inedible.

Peacher (n.) One who peaches.

Peachick (n.) The chicken of the peacock.

Peacock (n.) The male of any pheasant of the genus Pavo, of which at least two species are known, native of Southern Asia and the East Indies.

Peacock (n.) In common usage, the species in general or collectively; a peafowl.

Peafowl (n.) The peacock or peahen; any species of Pavo.

Peage (n.) See Paage.

Peagrit (n.) A coarse pisolitic limestone. See Pisolite.

Peahen (n.) The hen or female peafowl.

Pea-jacket (n.) A thick loose woolen jacket, or coat, much worn by sailors in cold weather.

Peak (n.) A point; the sharp end or top of anything that terminates in a point; as, the peak, or front, of a cap.

Peak (n.) The top, or one of the tops, of a hill, mountain, or range, ending in a point; often, the whole hill or mountain, esp. when isolated; as, the Peak of Teneriffe.

Peak (n.) The upper aftermost corner of a fore-and-aft sail; -- used in many combinations; as, peak-halyards, peak-brails, etc.

Peak (n.) The narrow part of a vessel's bow, or the hold within it.

Peak (n.) The extremity of an anchor fluke; the bill.

Peal (n.) A small salmon; a grilse; a sewin.

Peal (n.) A loud sound, or a succession of loud sounds, as of bells, thunder, cannon, shouts, of a multitude, etc.

Peal (n.) A set of bells tuned to each other according to the diatonic scale; also, the changes rung on a set of bells.

Pean (n.) One of the furs, the ground being sable, and the spots or tufts or.

Pean (n.) A song of praise and triumph. See Paean.

Peanism (n.) The song or shout of praise, of battle, or of triumph.

Peanut (n.) The fruit of a trailing leguminous plant (Arachis hypogaea); also, the plant itself, which is widely cultivated for its fruit.

Pear (n.) The fleshy pome, or fruit, of a rosaceous tree (Pyrus communis), cultivated in many varieties in temperate climates; also, the tree which bears this fruit. See Pear family, below.

Pearch (n.) See Perch.

Pearl (n.) A fringe or border.

Pearl (n.) A shelly concretion, usually rounded, and having a brilliant luster, with varying tints, found in the mantle, or between the mantle and shell, of certain bivalve mollusks, especially in the pearl oysters and river mussels, and sometimes in certain univalves. It is usually due to a secretion of shelly substance around some irritating foreign particle. Its substance is the same as nacre, or mother-of-pearl. Pearls which are round, or nearly round, and of fine luster, are highly est>

Pearl (n.) Hence, figuratively, something resembling a pearl; something very precious.

Pearl (n.) Nacre, or mother-of-pearl.

Pearl (n.) A fish allied to the turbot; the brill.

Pearl (n.) A light-colored tern.

Pearl (n.) One of the circle of tubercles which form the bur on a deer's antler.

Pearl (n.) A whitish speck or film on the eye.

Pearl (n.) A capsule of gelatin or similar substance containing some liquid for medicinal application, as ether.

Pearl (n.) A size of type, between agate and diamond.

Pearlash (n.) A white amorphous or granular substance which consists principally of potassium carbonate, and has a strong alka

Pearlfish (n.) Any fish whose scales yield a pearl-like pigment used in manufacturing artificial pearls, as the bleak, and whitebait.

Pearlite (n.) Alt. of Pearlstone

Pearlstone (n.) A glassy volcanic rock of a grayish color and pearly luster, often having a spherulitic concretionary structure due to the curved cracks produced by contraction in cooling. See Illust. under Perlitic.

Pearlwort (n.) A name given to several species of Sagina, low and inconspicuous herbs of the Chickweed family.

Pearmain (n.) The name of several kinds of apples; as, the blue pearmain, winter pearmain, and red pearmain.

Peasant (n.) A countryman; a rustic; especially, one of the lowest class of tillers of the soil in European countries.

Peasantry (n.) Peasants, collectively; the body of rustics.

Peasantry (n.) Rusticity; coarseness.

Peascod (n.) The legume or pericarp, or the pod, of the pea.

Pease (n.) A pea.

Pease (n.) A plural form of Pea. See the Note under Pea.

Peastone (n.) Pisolite.

Peasweep (n.) The pewit, or lapwing.

Peasweep (n.) The greenfinch.

Peat (n.) A small person; a pet; -- sometimes used contemptuously.

Peat (n.) A substance of vegetable origin, consisting of roots and fibers, moss, etc., in various stages of decomposition, and found, as a kind of turf or bog, usually in low situations, where it is always more or less saturated with water. It is often dried and used for fuel.

Peba (n.) An armadillo (Tatusia novemcincta) which is found from Texas to Paraguay; -- called also tatouhou.

Pebble (n.) A small roundish stone or bowlder; especially, a stone worn and rounded by the action of water; a pebblestone.

Pebble (n.) Transparent and colorless rock crystal; as, Brazilian pebble; -- so called by opticians.

Pebrine (n.) An epidemic disease of the silkworm, characterized by the presence of minute vibratory corpuscles in the blood.

Pecan (n.) A species of hickory (Carya olivaeformis), growing in North America, chiefly in the Mississippi valley and in Texas, where it is one of the largest of forest trees; also, its fruit, a smooth, oblong nut, an inch or an inch and a half long, with a thin shell and well-flavored meat.

Pecary (n.) See Peccary.

Peccability (n.) The state or quality of being peccable; lability to sin.

Peccadillo (n.) A slight trespass or offense; a petty crime or fault.

Peccancy (n.) The quality or state of being peccant.

Peccancy (n.) A sin; an offense.

Peccant (n.) An offender.

Peccary (n.) A pachyderm of the genus Dicotyles.

Pecco (n.) See Pekoe.

Peck (n.) The fourth part of a bushel; a dry measure of eight quarts; as, a peck of wheat.

Peck (n.) A great deal; a large or excessive quantity.

Peck (n.) A quick, sharp stroke, as with the beak of a bird or a pointed instrument.

Pecker (n.) One who, or that which, pecks; specif., a bird that pecks holes in trees; a woodpecker.

Pecker (n.) An instrument for pecking; a pick.

Pecopteris (n.) An extensive genus of fossil ferns; -- so named from the regular comblike arrangement of the leaflets.

Pectate (n.) A salt of pectic acid.

Pecten (n.) A vascular pigmented membrane projecting into the vitreous humor within the globe of the eye in birds, and in many reptiles and fishes; -- also called marsupium.

Pecten (n.) The pubic bone.

Pecten (n.) Any species of bivalve mollusks of the genus Pecten, and numerous allied genera (family Pectinidae); a scallop. See Scallop.

Pecten (n.) The comb of a scorpion. See Comb, 4 (b).

Pectin (n.) One of a series of carbohydrates, commonly called vegetable jelly, found very widely distributed in the vegetable kingdom, especially in ripe fleshy fruits, as apples, cranberries, etc. It is extracted as variously colored, translucent substances, which are soluble in hot water but become viscous on cooling.

Pectinal (n.) A fish whose bone/ resemble comb teeth.

Pectination (n.) The state of being pectinated; that which is pectinated.

Pectination (n.) The act of combing; the combing of the head.

Pectination (n.) Comblike toothing.

Pectinibranch (n.) One of the Pectinibranchiata. Also used adjectively.

Pectolite (n.) A whitish mineral occurring in radiated or fibrous crystal

Pectoral (n.) A covering or protecting for the breast.

Pectoral (n.) A breastplate, esp. that worn by the Jewish high person.

Pectoral (n.) A clasp or a cross worn on the breast.

Pectoral (n.) A medicine for diseases of the chest organs, especially the lungs.

Pectoriloquism (n.) Pectoriloquy.

Pectoriloquy (n.) The distinct articulation of the sounds of a patient's voice, heard on applying the ear to the chest in auscultation. It usually indicates some morbid change in the lungs or pleural cavity.

Pectose (n.) An amorphous carbohydrate found in the vegetable kingdom, esp. in unripe fruits. It is associated with cellulose, and is converted into substances of the pectin group.

Pectus (n.) The breast of a bird.

Pecul (n.) See Picul.

Peculation (n.) The act or practice of peculating, or of defrauding the public by appropriating to one's own use the money or goods intrusted to one's care for management or disbursement; embezzlement.

Peculator (n.) One who peculates.

Peculiar (n.) That which is peculiar; a sole or exclusive property; a prerogative; a characteristic.

Peculiar (n.) A particular parish or church which is exempt from the jurisdiction of the ordinary.

Peculiarity (n.) The quality or state of being peculiar; individuality; singularity.

Peculiarity (n.) That which is peculiar; a special and distinctive characteristic or habit; particularity.

Peculiarity (n.) Exclusive possession or right.

Peculiarness (n.) The quality or state of being peculiar; peculiarity.

Peculium (n.) The saving of a son or a slave with the father's or master's consent; a little property or stock of one's own; any exclusive personal or separate property.

Peculium (n.) A special fund for private and personal uses.

Ped (n.) A basket; a hammer; a pannier.

Pedage (n.) A toll or tax paid by passengers, entitling them to safe-conduct and protection.

Pedagog (n.) Pedagogue.

Pedagogics (n.) The science or art of teaching; the principles and rules of teaching; pedagogy.

Pedagogism (n.) The system, occupation, character, or manner of pedagogues.

Pedagogue (n.) A slave who led his master's children to school, and had the charge of them generally.

Pedagogue (n.) A teacher of children; one whose occupation is to teach the young; a schoolmaster.

Pedagogue (n.) One who by teaching has become formal, positive, or pedantic in his ways; one who has the manner of a schoolmaster; a pedant.

Pedagogy (n.) Pedagogics; pedagogism.

Pedality (n.) The act of measuring by paces.

Pedant (n.) A schoolmaster; a pedagogue.

Pedant (n.) One who puts on an air of learning; one who makes a vain display of learning; a pretender to superior knowledge.

Pedantism (n.) The office, disposition, or act of a pedant; pedantry.

Pedantocracy (n.) The sway of pedants.

Pedantry (n.) The act, character, or manners of a pedant; vain ostentation of learning.

Pedanty (n.) An assembly or clique of pedants.

Pedarian (n.) One of a class eligible to the office of senator, but not yet chosen, who could sit and speak in the senate, but could not vote; -- so called because he might indicate his opinion by walking over to the side of the party he favored when a vote was taken.

Pedary (n.) A sandal.

Peddler (n.) One who peddles; a traveling trader; one who travels about, retailing small wares; a hawker.

Peddlery (n.) The trade, or the goods, of a peddler; hawking; small retail business, like that of a peddler.

Peddlery (n.) Trifling; trickery.

Pederast (n.) One guilty of pederasty; a sodomite.

Pederasty (n.) The crime against nature; sodomy.

Pederero (n.) A term formerly applied to a short piece of chambered ordnance.

Pedesis (n.) Same as Brownian movement, under Brownian.

Pedestal (n.) The base or foot of a column, statue, vase, lamp, or the like; the part on which an upright work stands. It consists of three parts, the base, the die or dado, and the cornice or surbase molding. See Illust. of Column.

Pedestal (n.) A casting secured to the frame of a truck and forming a jaw for holding a journal box.

Pedestal (n.) A pillow block; a low housing.

Pedestal (n.) An iron socket, or support, for the foot of a brace at the end of a truss where it rests on a pier.

Pedestrian (n.) A walker; one who journeys on foot; a foot traveler; specif., a professional walker or runner.

Pedestrianism (n.) The act, art, or practice of a pedestrian; walking or running; traveling or racing on foot.

Pedicel (n.) A stalk which supports one flower or fruit, whether solitary or one of many ultimate divisions of a common peduncle. See Peduncle, and Illust. of Flower.

Pedicel (n.) A slender support of any special organ, as that of a capsule in mosses, an air vesicle in algae, or a sporangium in ferns.

Pedicel (n.) A slender stem by which certain of the lower animals or their eggs are attached. See Illust. of Aphis lion.

Pedicel (n.) The ventral part of each side of the neural arch connecting with the centrum of a vertebra.

Pedicel (n.) An outgrowth of the frontal bones, which supports the antlers or horns in deer and allied animals.

Pedicellaria (n.) A peculiar forcepslike organ which occurs in large numbers upon starfishes and echini. Those of starfishes have two movable jaws, or blades, and are usually nearly, or quite, sessile; those of echini usually have three jaws and a pedicel. See Illustration in Appendix.

Pedicellina (n.) A genus of Bryozoa, of the order Entoprocta, having a bell-shaped body supported on a slender pedicel. See Illust. under Entoprocta.

Pedicle (n.) Same as Pedicel.

Pediculation (n.) Phthiriasis.

Pedicule (n.) A pedicel.

Pediculus (n.) A genus of wingless parasitic Hemiptera, including the common lice of man. See Louse.

Pedigree (n.) A

Pedigree (n.) A record of the

Pediluvy (n.) The bathing of the feet, a bath for the feet.

Pedimane (n.) A pedimanous marsupial; an opossum.

Pediment (n.) Originally, in classical architecture, the triangular space forming the gable of a simple roof; hence, a similar form used as a decoration over porticoes, doors, windows, etc.; also, a rounded or broken frontal having a similar position and use. See Temple.

Pedipalp (n.) One of the Pedipalpi.

Pedipalpus (n.) One of the second pair of mouth organs of arachnids. In some they are leglike, but in others, as the scorpion, they terminate in a claw.

Pedireme (n.) A crustacean, some of whose feet serve as oars.

Pedlar (n.) Alt. of Pedler

Pedler (n.) See Peddler.

Pedobaptism (n.) The baptism of infants or of small children.

Pedobaptist (n.) One who advocates or practices infant baptism.

Pedomancy (n.) Divination by examining the soles of the feet.

Pedometer (n.) An instrument for including the number of steps in walking, and so ascertaining the distance passed over. It is usually in the form of a watch; an oscillating weight by the motion of the body causes the index to advance a certain distance at each step.

Pedotrophy (n.) The art of nourishing children properly.

Pedregal (n.) A lava field.

Peduncle (n.) The stem or stalk that supports the flower or fruit of a plant, or a cluster of flowers or fruits.

Peduncle (n.) A sort of stem by which certain shells and barnacles are attached to other objects. See Illust. of Barnacle.

Peduncle (n.) A band of nervous or fibrous matter connecting different parts of the brain; as, the peduncles of the cerebellum; the peduncles of the pineal gland.

Pee (n.) See 1st Pea.

Pee (n.) Bill of an anchor. See Peak, 3 (c).

Peechi (n.) The dauw.

Peekaboo (n.) A child's game; bopeep.

Peel (n.) A small tower, fort, or castle; a keep.

Peel (n.) A spadelike implement, variously used, as for removing loaves of bread from a baker's oven; also, a T-shaped implement used by printers and bookbinders for hanging wet sheets of paper on

Peel (n.) The skin or rind; as, the peel of an orange.

Peele (n.) A graceful and swift South African antelope (Pelea capreola). The hair is woolly, and ash-gray on the back and sides. The horns are black, long, slender, straight, nearly smooth, and very sharp. Called also rheeboc, and rehboc.

Peeler (n.) One who peels or strips.

Peeler (n.) A pillager.

Peeler (n.) A nickname for a policeman; -- so called from Sir Robert Peel.

Peelhouse (n.) See 1st Peel.

Peen (n.) A round-edged, or hemispherical, end to the head of a hammer or sledge, used to stretch or bend metal by indentation.

Peen (n.) The sharp-edged end of the head of a mason's hammer.

Peep (n.) The cry of a young chicken; a chirp.

Peep (n.) First outlook or appearance.

Peep (n.) A sly look; a look as through a crevice, or from a place of concealment.

Peep (n.) Any small sandpiper, as the least sandpiper (Trigna minutilla).

Peep (n.) The European meadow pipit (Anthus pratensis).

Peeper (n.) A chicken just breaking the shell; a young bird.

Peeper (n.) One who peeps; a prying person; a spy.

Peeper (n.) The eye; as, to close the peepers.

Peephole (n.) A hole, or crevice, through which one may peep without being discovered.

Peer (n.) One of the same rank, quality, endowments, character, etc.; an equal; a match; a mate.

Peer (n.) A comrade; a companion; a fellow; an associate.

Peer (n.) A nobleman; a member of one of the five degrees of the British nobility, namely, duke, marquis, earl, viscount, baron; as, a peer of the realm.

Peerage (n.) The rank or dignity of a peer.

Peerage (n.) The body of peers; the nobility, collectively.

Peerdom (n.) Peerage; also, a lordship.

Peeress (n.) The wife of a peer; a woman ennobled in her own right, or by right of marriage.

Peerweet (n.) Same as Pewit (a & b).

Peevishness (n.) The quality of being peevish; disposition to murmur; sourness of temper.

Peevit (n.) Alt. of Peewit

Peewit (n.) See Pewit.

Peg (n.) A small, pointed piece of wood, used in fastening boards together, in attaching the soles of boots or shoes, etc.; as, a shoe peg.

Peg (n.) A wooden pin, or nail, on which to hang things, as coats, etc. Hence, colloquially and figuratively: A support; a reason; a pretext; as, a peg to hang a claim upon.

Peg (n.) One of the pins of a musical instrument, on which the strings are strained.

Peg (n.) One of the pins used for marking points on a cribbage board.

Peg (n.) A step; a degree; esp. in the slang phrase "To take one down peg."

Pegador (n.) A species of remora (Echeneis naucrates). See Remora.

Pegasus (n.) A winged horse fabled to have sprung from the body of Medusa when she was slain. He is noted for causing, with a blow of his hoof, Hippocrene, the inspiring fountain of the Muses, to spring from Mount Helicon. On this account he is, in modern times, associated with the Muses, and with ideas of poetic inspiration.

Pegasus (n.) A northen constellation near the vernal equinoctial point. Its three brightest stars, with the brightest star of Andromeda, form the square of Pegasus.

Pegasus (n.) A genus of small fishes, having large pectoral fins, and the body covered with hard, bony plates. Several species are known from the East Indies and China.

Pegger (n.) One who fastens with pegs.

Pegging (n.) The act or process of fastening with pegs.

Pegm (n.) A sort of moving machine employed in the old pageants.

Pegmatite (n.) Graphic granite. See under Granite.

Pegmatite (n.) More generally, a coarse granite occurring as vein material in other rocks.

Pegomancy (n.) Divination by fountains.

Pegroots (n.) Same as Setterwort.

Pehlevi (n.) An ancient Persian dialect in which words were partly represented by their Semitic equivalents. It was in use from the 3d century (and perhaps earlier) to the middle of the 7th century, and later in religious writings.

Pein (n.) See Peen.

Peirameter (n.) A dynamometer for measuring the force required to draw wheel carriages on roads of different constructions.

Peise (n.) A weight; a poise.

Peitrel (n.) See Peytrel.

Pekan (n.) See Fisher, 2.

Pekoe (n.) A kind of black tea.

Pela (n.) See Wax insect, under Wax.

Pelage (n.) The covering, or coat, of a mammal, whether of wool, fur, or hair.

Pelagian (n.) A follower of Pelagius, a British monk, born in the later part of the 4th century, who denied the doctrines of hereditary sin, of the connection between sin and death, and of conversion through grace.

Pelagianism (n.) The doctrines of Pelagius.

Pelargonium (n.) A large genus of plants of the order Geraniaceae, differing from Geranium in having a spurred calyx and an irregular corolla.

Pelecan (n.) See Pelican.

Pelecoid (n.) A figure, somewhat hatched-shaped, bounded by a semicircle and two inverted quadrants, and equal in area to the square ABCD inclosed by the chords of the four quadrants.

Pelerine (n.) A woman's cape; especially, a fur cape that is longer in front than behind.

Pelf (n.) Money; riches; lucre; gain; -- generally conveying the idea of something ill-gotten or worthless. It has no plural.

Pelfray (n.) Alt. of Pelfry

Pelfry (n.) Pelf; also, figuratively, rubbish; trash.

Pelican (n.) Any large webfooted bird of the genus Pelecanus, of which about a dozen species are known. They have an enormous bill, to the lower edge of which is attached a pouch in which captured fishes are temporarily stored.

Pelican (n.) A retort or still having a curved tube or tubes leading back from the head to the body for continuous condensation and redistillation.

Pelick (n.) The American coot (Fulica).

Pelicoid (n.) See Pelecoid.

Peliom (n.) A variety of iolite, of a smoky blue color; pelioma.

Pelioma (n.) A livid ecchymosis.

Pelioma (n.) See Peliom.

Pelisse (n.) An outer garment for men or women, originally of fur, or

Pell (n.) A skin or hide; a pelt.

Pell (n.) A roll of parchment; a parchment record.

Pellack (n.) A porpoise.

Pellage (n.) A customs duty on skins of leather.

Pellagra (n.) An erythematous affection of the skin, with severe constitutional and nervous symptoms, endemic in Northern Italy.

Pellagrin (n.) One who is afficted with pellagra.

Pellet (n.) A little ball; as, a pellet of wax / paper.

Pellet (n.) A bullet; a ball for firearms.

Pellicle (n.) A thin skin or film.

Pellicle (n.) A thin film formed on the surface of an evaporating solution.

Pellile (n.) The redshank; -- so called from its note.

Pellitory (n.) The common name of the several species of the genus Parietaria, low, harmless weeds of the Nettle family; -- also called wall pellitory, and lichwort.

Pellitory (n.) A composite plant (Anacyclus Pyrethrum) of the Mediterranean region, having finely divided leaves and whitish flowers. The root is the officinal pellitory, and is used as an irritant and sialogogue. Called also bertram, and pellitory of Spain.

Pellitory (n.) The feverfew (Chrysanthemum Parthenium); -- so called because it resembles the above.

Pell-mell (n.) See Pall-mall.

Pellucidity (n.) Alt. of Pellucidness

Pellucidness (n.) The quality or state of being pellucid; transparency; translucency; clearness; as, the pellucidity of the air.

Pelma (n.) The under surface of the foot.

Pelopium (n.) A supposed new metal found in columbite, afterwards shown to be identical with columbium, or niobium.

Peloponnesian (n.) A native or an inhabitant of the Peloponnesus.

Peloria (n.) Abnormal regularity; the state of certain flowers, which, being naturally irregular, have become regular through a symmetrical repetition of the special irregularity.

Pelotage (n.) Packs or bales of Spanish wool.

Pelt (n.) The skin of a beast with the hair on; a raw or undressed hide; a skin preserved with the hairy or woolly covering on it. See 4th Fell.

Pelt (n.) The human skin.

Pelt (n.) The body of any quarry killed by the hawk.

Pelt (n.) A blow or stroke from something thrown.

Pelta (n.) A small shield, especially one of an approximately elliptic form, or crescent-shaped.

Pelta (n.) A flat apothecium having no rim.

Pelter (n.) One who pelts.

Pelter (n.) A pinchpenny; a mean, sordid person; a miser; a skinflint.

Peltry (n.) Pelts or skins, collectively; skins with the fur on them; furs.

Peltryware (n.) Peltry.

Peludo (n.) The South American hairy armadillo (Dasypus villosus).

Pelvimeter (n.) An instrument for measuring the dimensions of the pelvis.

Pelvis (n.) The pelvic arch, or the pelvic arch together with the sacrum. See Pelvic arch, under Pelvic, and Sacrum.

Pelvis (n.) The calyx of a crinoid.

Pemmican (n.) Among the North American Indians, meat cut in thin slices, divested of fat, and dried in the sun.

Pemmican (n.) Meat, without the fat, cut in thin slices, dried in the sun, pounded, then mixed with melted fat and sometimes dried fruit, and compressed into cakes or in bags. It contains much nutriment in small compass, and is of great use in long voyages of exploration.

Pemphigus (n.) A somewhat rare skin disease, characterized by the development of blebs upon different part of the body.

Pen (n.) A feather.

Pen (n.) A wing.

Pen (n.) An instrument used for writing with ink, formerly made of a reed, or of the quill of a goose or other bird, but now also of other materials, as of steel, gold, etc. Also, originally, a stylus or other instrument for scratching or graving.

Pen (n.) Fig.: A writer, or his style; as, he has a sharp pen.

Pen (n.) The internal shell of a squid.

Pen (n.) A female swan.

Pen (n.) A small inclosure; as, a pen for sheep or for pigs.

Penality (n.) The quality or state of being penal; lability to punishment.

Penalty (n.) Penal retribution; punishment for crime or offense; the suffering in person or property which is annexed by law or judicial decision to the commission of a crime, offense, or trespass.

Penalty (n.) The suffering, or the sum to be forfeited, to which a person subjects himself by covenant or agreement, in case of nonfulfillment of stipulations; forfeiture; fine.

Penalty (n.) A handicap.

Penance (n.) Repentance.

Penance (n.) Pain; sorrow; suffering.

Penance (n.) A means of repairing a sin committed, and obtaining pardon for it, consisting partly in the performance of expiatory rites, partly in voluntary submission to a punishment corresponding to the transgression. Penance is the fourth of seven sacraments in the Roman Catholic Church.

Penaunt (n.) A penitent.

Pence (n.) pl. of Penny. See Penny.

Pencel (n.) A small, narrow flag or streamer borne at the top of a lance; -- called also pennoncel.

Penchant (n.) Inclination; decided taste; bias; as, a penchant for art.

Penchute (n.) See Penstock.

Pencil (n.) A small, fine brush of hair or bristles used by painters for laying on colors.

Pencil (n.) A slender cylinder or strip of black lead, colored chalk, slate etc., or such a cylinder or strip inserted in a small wooden rod intended to be pointed, or in a case, which forms a handle, -- used for drawing or writing. See Graphite.

Pencil (n.) Hence, figuratively, an artist's ability or peculiar manner; also, in general, the act or occupation of the artist, descriptive writer, etc.

Pencil (n.) An aggregate or collection of rays of light, especially when diverging from, or converging to, a point.

Pencil (n.) A number of

Pencil (n.) A small medicated bougie.

Penciling (n.) The work of the pencil or bruch; as, delicate penciling in a picture.

Penciling (n.)

Pencraft (n.) Penmanship; skill in writing; chirography.

Pencraft (n.) The art of composing or writing; authorship.

Pend (n.) Oil cake; penock.

Pendant (n.) Something which hangs or depends; something suspended; a hanging appendage, especially one of an ornamental character; as to a chandelier or an eardrop; also, an appendix or addition, as to a book.

Pendant (n.) A hanging ornament on roofs, ceilings, etc., much used in the later styles of Gothic architecture, where it is of stone, and an important part of the construction. There are imitations in plaster and wood, which are mere decorative features.

Pendant (n.) One of a pair; a counterpart; as, one vase is the pendant to the other vase.

Pendant (n.) A pendulum.

Pendant (n.) The stem and ring of a watch, by which it is suspended.

Pendence (n.) Slope; inclination.

Pendency (n.) The quality or state of being pendent or suspended.

Pendency (n.) The quality or state of being undecided, or in continuance; suspense; as, the pendency of a suit.

Pendentive (n.) The portion of a vault by means of which the square space in the middle of a building is brought to an octagon or circle to receive a cupola.

Pendentive (n.) The part of a groined vault which is supported by, and springs from, one pier or corbel.

Pendice (n.) A sloping roof; a lean-to; a penthouse.

Pendicle (n.) An appendage; something dependent on another; an appurtenance; a pendant.

Pendicler (n.) An inferior tenant; one who rents a pendicle or croft.

Pendragon (n.) A chief leader or a king; a head; a dictator; -- a title assumed by the ancient British chiefs when called to lead other chiefs.

Pendule (n.) A pendulum.


Pendulosity (n.) The state or quality of being pendulous.

Pendulousness (n.) The quality or state of being pendulous; the state of hanging loosely; pendulosity.

Pendulum (n.) A body so suspended from a fixed point as to swing freely to and fro by the alternate action of gravity and momentum. It is used to regulate the movements of clockwork and other machinery.

Penelope (n.) A genus of curassows, including the guans.

Penetrability (n.) The quality of being penetrable; susceptibility of being penetrated, entered, or pierced.

Penetrail (n.) Penetralia.

Penetrance (n.) Alt. of Penetrancy

Penetrancy (n.) The quality or state of being penetrant; power of entering or piercing; penetrating power of quality; as, the penetrancy of subtile effluvia.

Penetration (n.) The act or process of penetrating, piercing, or entering; also, the act of mentally penetrating into, or comprehending, anything difficult.

Penetration (n.) Acuteness; insight; sharp discoverment; sagacity; as, a person of singular penetration.

Penetrativeness (n.) The quality of being penetrative.

Penfish (n.) A squid.

Penfold (n.) See Pinfold.

Pengolin (n.) The pangolin.

Penguin (n.) Any bird of the order Impennes, or Ptilopteri. They are covered with short, thick feathers, almost scalelike on the wings, which are without true quills. They are unable to fly, but use their wings to aid in diving, in which they are very expert. See King penguin, under Jackass.

Penguin (n.) The egg-shaped fleshy fruit of a West Indian plant (Bromelia Pinguin) of the Pineapple family; also, the plant itself, which has rigid, pointed, and spiny-toothed leaves, and is used for hedges.

Penguinery (n.) A breeding place, or rookery, of penguins.

Penholder (n.) A handle for a pen.

Penhouse (n.) A penthouse.

Penicil (n.) A tent or pledget for wounds or ulcers.

Peninsula (n.) A portion of land nearly surrounded by water, and connected with a larger body by a neck, or isthmus.

Penis (n.) The male member, or organ of generation.

Penitence (n.) The quality or condition of being penitent; the disposition of a penitent; sorrow for sins or faults; repentance; contrition.

Penitencer (n.) A priest who heard confession and enjoined penance in extraordinary cases.

Penitency (n.) Penitence.

Penitent (n.) One who repents of sin; one sorrowful on account of his transgressions.

Penitent (n.) One under church censure, but admitted to penance; one undergoing penance.

Penitent (n.) One under the direction of a confessor.

Penitential (n.) A book formerly used by priests hearing confessions, containing rules for the imposition of penances; -- called also penitential book.

Penitentiary (n.) One who prescribes the rules and measures of penance.

Penitentiary (n.) One who does penance.

Penitentiary (n.) A small building in a monastery where penitents confessed.

Penitentiary (n.) That part of a church to which penitents were admitted.

Penitentiary (n.) An office of the papal court which examines cases of conscience, confession, absolution from vows, etc., and delivers decisions, dispensations, etc. Its chief is a cardinal, called the Grand Penitentiary, appointed by the pope.

Penitentiary (n.) An officer in some dioceses since A. D. 1215, vested with power from the bishop to absolve in cases reserved to him.

Penitentiary (n.) A house of correction, in which offenders are confined for punishment, discip

Penitentiaryship (n.) The office or condition of a penitentiary of the papal court.

Penk (n.) A minnow. See Pink, n., 4.

Penknife (n.) A small pocketknife; formerly, a knife used for making and mending quill pens.

Penman (n.) One who uses the pen; a writer; esp., one skilled in the use of the pen; a calligrapher; a writing master.

Penman (n.) An author; a composer.

Penmanship (n.) The use of the pen in writing; the art of writing; style or manner of writing; chirography; as, good or bad penmanship.

Penna (n.) A perfect, or normal, feather.

Pennach (n.) A bunch of feathers; a plume.

Pennage (n.) Feathery covering; plumage.

Pennant (n.) A small flag; a pennon. The narrow, / long, pennant (called also whip or coach whip) is a long, narrow piece of bunting, carried at the masthead of a government vessel in commission. The board pennant is an oblong, nearly square flag, carried at the masthead of a commodore's vessel.

Pennant (n.) A rope or strap to which a purchase is hooked.

Pennatula (n.) Any one of numerous species of Pennatula, Pteroides, and allied genera of Alcyonaria, having a featherlike form; a sea-pen. The zooids are situated along one edge of the side branches.

Penner (n.) One who pens; a writer.

Penner (n.) A case for holding pens.

Pennon (n.) A wing; a pinion.

Pennon (n.) A pennant; a flag or streamer.

Pennoncel (n.) Alt. of Pennoncelle

Pennoncelle (n.) See Pencel.

Penny (n.) An English coin, formerly of copper, now of bronze, the twelfth part of an English shilling in account value, and equal to four farthings, or about two cents; -- usually indicated by the abbreviation d. (the initial of denarius).

Penny (n.) Any small sum or coin; a groat; a stiver.

Penny (n.) Money, in general; as, to turn an honest penny.

Penny (n.) See Denarius.


Pennyroyal (n.) An aromatic herb (Mentha Pulegium) of Europe; also, a North American plant (Hedeoma pulegioides) resembling it in flavor.

Pennyweight (n.) A troy weight containing twenty-four grains, or the twentieth part of an ounce; as, a pennyweight of gold or of arsenic. It was anciently the weight of a silver penny, whence the name.

Pennywort (n.) A European trailing herb (Linaria Cymbalaria) with roundish, reniform leaves. It is often cultivated in hanging baskets.

Pennyworth (n.) A penny's worth; as much as may be bought for a penny.

Pennyworth (n.) Hence: The full value of one's penny expended; due return for money laid out; a good bargain; a bargain.

Pennyworth (n.) A small quantity; a trifle.

Penock (n.) See Pend.

Penologist (n.) One versed in, or a student of, penology.

Penology (n.) The science or art of punishment.

Penrack (n.) A rack for pens not in use.

Pens (n.) pl. of Penny.

Pensel (n.) A pencel.

Pensileness (n.) State or quality of being pensile; pendulousness.

Pension (n.) A payment; a tribute; something paid or given.

Pension (n.) A stated allowance to a person in consideration of past services; payment made to one retired from service, on account of age, disability, or other cause; especially, a regular stipend paid by a government to retired public officers, disabled soldiers, the families of soldiers killed in service, or to meritorious authors, or the like.

Pension (n.) A certain sum of money paid to a clergyman in lieu of tithes.

Pension (n.) A boarding house or boarding school in France, Belgium, Switzerland, etc.

Pensionary (n.) One who receives a pension; a pensioner.

Pensionary (n.) One of the chief magistrates of towns in Holland.

Pensioner (n.) One in receipt of a pension; hence, figuratively, a dependent.

Pensioner (n.) One of an honorable band of gentlemen who attend the sovereign of England on state occasions, and receive an annual pension, or allowance, of 150 and two horses.

Pensioner (n.) In the university of Cambridge, England, one who pays for his living in commons; -- corresponding to commoner at Oxford.

Pensiveness (n.) The state of being pensive; serious thoughtfulness; seriousness.

Penstock (n.) A close conduit or pipe for conducting water, as, to a water wheel, or for emptying a pond, or for domestic uses.

Penstock (n.) The barrel of a wooden pump.

Pentachenium (n.) A dry fruit composed of five carpels, which are covered by an epigynous calyx and separate at maturity.

Pentachloride (n.) A chloride having five atoms of chlorine in each molecule.

Pentachord (n.) An ancient instrument of music with five strings.

Pentachord (n.) An order or system of five sounds.

Pentacle (n.) A figure composed of two equilateral triangles intersecting so as to form a six-pointed star, -- used in early ornamental art, and also with superstitious import by the astrologers and mystics of the Middle Ages.

Pentaconter (n.) See Penteconter.

Pentacrinin (n.) A red and purple pigment found in certain crinoids of the genus Pentacrinus.

Pentacrinite (n.) Any species of Pentacrinus.

Pentacrinoid (n.) An immature comatula when it is still attached by a stem, and thus resembles a Pentacrinus.

Pentacrinus (n.) A genus of large, stalked crinoids, of which several species occur in deep water among the West Indies and elsewhere.

Pentacron (n.) A solid having five summits or angular points.

Pentacrostic (n.) A set of verses so disposed that the name forming the subject of the acrostic occurs five times -- the whole set of verses being divided into five different parts from top to bottom.

Pentad (n.) Any element, atom, or radical, having a valence of five, or which can be combined with, substituted for, or compared with, five atoms of hydrogen or other monad; as, nitrogen is a pentad in the ammonium compounds.

Pentadecane (n.) A hydrocarbon of the paraffin series, (C15H32) found in petroleum, tar oil, etc., and obtained as a colorless liquid; -- so called from the fifteen carbon atoms in the molecule.

Pentaglot (n.) A work in five different tongues.

Pentagon (n.) A plane figure having five angles, and, consequently, five sides; any figure having five angles.

Pentagram (n.) A pentacle or a pentalpha.

Pentahedron (n.) A solid figure having five sides.

Pentail (n.) A peculiar insectivore (Ptilocercus Lowii) of Borneo; -- so called from its very long, quill-shaped tail, which is scaly at the base and plumose at the tip.

Pentalpha (n.) A five-pointed star, resembling five alphas joined at their bases; -- used as a symbol.

Pentameran (n.) One of the Pentamera.

Pentamerus (n.) A genus of extinct Paleozoic brachiopods, often very abundant in the Upper Silurian.

Pentameter (n.) A verse of five feet.

Pentamethylene (n.) A hypothetical hydrocarbon, C5H10, metameric with the amylenes, and the nucleus of a large number of derivatives; -- so named because regarded as composed of five methylene residues. Cf. Trimethylene, and Tetramethylene.

Pentane (n.) Any one of the three metameric hydrocarbons, C5H12, of the methane or paraffin series. They are colorless, volatile liquids, two of which occur in petroleum. So called because of the five carbon atoms in the molecule.

Pentangle (n.) A pentagon.

Pentapody (n.) A measure or series consisting of five feet.

Pentaptote (n.) A noun having five cases.

Pentaptych (n.) A picture, or combination of pictures, consisting of a centerpiece and double folding doors or wings, as for an altarpiece.

Pentarchy (n.) A government in the hands of five persons; five joint rulers.

Pentaspast (n.) A purchase with five pulleys.

Pentastich (n.) A composition consisting of five verses.

Pentastyle (n.) A portico having five columns.

Pentateuch (n.) The first five books of the Old Testament, collectively; -- called also the Law of Moses, Book of the Law of Moses, etc.

Pentathlon (n.) A fivefold athletic performance peculiar to the great national games of the Greeks, including leaping, foot racing, wrestling, throwing the discus, and throwing the spear.

Penteconter (n.) A Grecian vessel with fifty oars.

Pentecost (n.) A solemn festival of the Jews; -- so called because celebrated on the fiftieth day (seven weeks) after the second day of the Passover (which fell on the sixteenth of the Jewish month Nisan); -- hence called, also, the Feast of Weeks. At this festival an offering of the first fruits of the harvest was made. By the Jews it was generally regarded as commemorative of the gift of the law on the fiftieth day after the departure from Egypt.

Pentecost (n.) A festival of the Roman Catholic and other churches in commemoration of the descent of the Holy Spirit on the apostles; which occurred on the day of Pentecost; -- called also Whitsunday.

Pentecoster (n.) An officer in the Spartan army commanding fifty men.

Pentecosty (n.) A troop of fifty soldiers in the Spartan army; -- called also pentecostys.

Pentene (n.) Same as Amylene.

Penthouse (n.) A shed or roof sloping from the main wall or building, as over a door or window; a lean-to. Also figuratively.

Pentice (n.) A penthouse.

Pentile (n.) See Pantile.

Pentine (n.) An unsaturated hydrocarbon, C5H8, of the acetylene series. Same as Valerylene.

Pentone (n.) Same as Valylene.

Pentoxide (n.) An oxide containing five atoms of oxygen in each molecule; as, phosphorus pentoxide, P2O5.

Pentremite (n.) Any species of Pentremites.

Pentremites (n.) A genus of crinoids belonging to the Blastoidea. They have five petal-like ambulacra.

Pentroof (n.) See Lean-to.

Pentrough (n.) A penstock.

Pentyl (n.) The hypothetical radical, C5H11, of pentane and certain of its derivatives. Same as Amyl.

Penuchle (n.) Alt. of Pinocle

Pinocle (n.) A game at cards, played with forty-eight cards, being all the cards above the eight spots in two packs.

Penult (n.) The last syllable but one of a word; the syllable preceding the final one.

Penultima (n.) Same as Penult.

Penultimate (n.) The penult.

Penumbra (n.) An incomplete or partial shadow.

Penumbra (n.) The shadow cast, in an eclipse, where the light is partly, but not wholly, cut off by the intervening body; the space of partial illumination between the umbra, or perfect shadow, on all sides, and the full light.

Penumbra (n.) The part of a picture where the shade imperceptibly blends with the light.

Penury (n.) Absence of resources; want; privation; indigence; extreme poverty; destitution.

Penury (n.) Penuriousness; miser

Penwiper (n.) A cloth, or other material, for wiping off or cleaning ink from a pen.

Penwoman (n.) A female writer; an authoress.

Peon (n.) See Poon.

Peon (n.) A foot soldier; a policeman; also, an office attendant; a messenger.

Peon (n.) A day laborer; a servant; especially, in some of the Spanish American countries, debtor held by his creditor in a form of qualified servitude, to work out a debt.

Peon (n.) See 2d Pawn.

Peonage (n.) The condition of a peon.

Peonism (n.) Same as Peonage.

Peony (n.) A plant, and its flower, of the ranunculaceous genus Paeonia. Of the four or five species, one is a shrub; the rest are perennial herbs with showy flowers, often double in cultivation.

People (n.) The body of persons who compose a community, tribe, nation, or race; an aggregate of individuals forming a whole; a community; a nation.

People (n.) Persons, generally; an indefinite number of men and women; folks; population, or part of population; as, country people; -- sometimes used as an indefinite subject or verb, like on in French, and man in German; as, people in adversity.

People (n.) The mass of comunity as distinguished from a special class; the commonalty; the populace; the vulgar; the common crowd; as, nobles and people.

People (n.) One's ancestors or family; kindred; relations; as, my people were English.

People (n.) One's subjects; fellow citizens; companions; followers.

Peopler (n.) A settler; an inhabitant.

Peperine (n.) Alt. of Peperino

Peperino (n.) A volcanic rock, formed by the cementing together of sand, scoria, cinders, etc.

Peplis (n.) A genus of plants including water purslane.

Peplus (n.) An upper garment worn by Grecian and Roman women.

Peplus (n.) A kind of kerchief formerly worn by Englishwomen.

Pepo (n.) Any fleshy fruit with a firm rind, as a pumpkin, melon, or gourd. See Gourd.

Pepper (n.) A well-known, pungently aromatic condiment, the dried berry, either whole or powdered, of the Piper nigrum.

Pepper (n.) The plant which yields pepper, an East Indian woody climber (Piper nigrum), with ovate leaves and apetalous flowers in spikes opposite the leaves. The berries are red when ripe. Also, by extension, any one of the several hundred species of the genus Piper, widely dispersed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the earth.

Pepper (n.) Any plant of the genus Capsicum, and its fruit; red pepper; as, the bell pepper.

Pepperbrand (n.) See 1st Bunt.

Peppercorn (n.) A dried berry of the black pepper (Piper nigrum).

Peppercorn (n.) Anything insignificant; a particle.

Pepperer (n.) A grocer; -- formerly so called because he sold pepper.

Peppergrass (n.) Any herb of the cruciferous genus Lepidium, especially the garden peppergrass, or garden cress, Lepidium sativum; -- called also pepperwort. All the species have a pungent flavor.

Peppergrass (n.) The common pillwort of Europe (Pilularia globulifera). See Pillwort.

Pepperidge (n.) A North American tree (Nyssa multiflora) with very tough wood, handsome oval polished leaves, and very acid berries, -- the sour gum, or common tupelo. See Tupelo.

Peppermint (n.) An aromatic and pungent plant of the genus Mentha (M. piperita), much used in medicine and confectionery.

Peppermint (n.) A volatile oil (oil of peppermint) distilled from the fresh herb; also, a well-known essence or spirit (essence of peppermint) obtained from it.

Peppermint (n.) A lozenge of sugar flavored with peppermint.

Pepperwort (n.) See Peppergrass.

Pepsin (n.) An unorganized proteolytic ferment or enzyme contained in the secretory glands of the stomach. In the gastric juice it is united with dilute hydrochloric acid (0.2 per cent, approximately) and the two together constitute the active portion of the digestive fluid. It is the active agent in the gastric juice of all animals.

Pepsinogen (n.) The antecedent of the ferment pepsin. A substance contained in the form of granules in the peptic cells of the gastric glands. It is readily convertible into pepsin. Also called propepsin.

Peptic (n.) An agent that promotes digestion.

Peptic (n.) The digestive organs.

Peptics (n.) The science of digestion.

Peptogen (n.) A substance convertible into peptone.

Peptone (n.) The soluble and diffusible substance or substances into which albuminous portions of the food are transformed by the action of the gastric and pancreatic juices. Peptones are also formed from albuminous matter by the action of boiling water and boiling dilute acids.

Peptone (n.) Collectively, in a broader sense, all the products resulting from the solution of albuminous matter in either gastric or pancreatic juice. In this case, however, intermediate products (albumose bodies), such as antialbumose, hemialbumose, etc., are mixed with the true peptones. Also termed albuminose.

Peptonoid (n.) A substance related to peptone.

Peptonuria (n.) The presence of peptone, or a peptonelike body, in the urine.

Peptotoxine (n.) A toxic alkaloid found occasionally associated with the peptones formed from fibrin by pepsinhydrochloric acid.

Peradventure (n.) Chance; hap; hence, doubt; question; as, proved beyond peradventure.

Peraeopod (n.) One of the thoracic legs of a crustacean. See Illust. of Crustacea.

Peragration (n.) The act or state of passing through any space; as, the peragration of the moon in her monthly revolution.

Perambulation (n.) The act of perambulating; traversing.

Perambulation (n.) An annual survey of boundaries, as of town, a parish, a forest, etc.

Perambulation (n.) A district within which one is authorized to make a tour of inspection.

Perambulator (n.) One who perambulates.

Perambulator (n.) A surveyor's instrument for measuring distances. It consists of a wheel arranged to roll along over the ground, with an apparatus of clockwork, and a dial plate upon which the distance traveled is shown by an index. See Odometer.

Perambulator (n.) A low carriage for a child, propelled by pushing.

Perameles (n.) Any marsupial of the genus Perameles, which includes numerous species found in Australia. They somewhat resemble rabbits in size and form. See Illust. under Bandicoot.

Perbend (n.) See Perpender.

Perbreak (n.) See Parbreak.

Perbromate (n.) A salt of perbromic acid.

Perbromide (n.) A bromide having a higher proportion of bromine than any other bromide of the same substance or series.

Perca (n.) A genus of fishes, including the fresh-water perch.

Percale (n.) A fine cotton fabric, having a


Percarbide (n.) A compound containing a relatively large amount of carbon.

Percarburet (n.) A percarbide.

Perceivance (n.) Power of perceiving.

Perceiver (n.) One who perceives (in any of the senses of the verb).

Percely (n.) Parsley.

Percentage (n.) A certain rate per cent; the allowance, duty, rate of interest, discount, or commission, on a hundred.

Percept (n.) That which is perceived.

Perceptibility (n.) The quality or state of being perceptible; as, the perceptibility of light or color.

Perceptibility (n.) Perception.

Perception (n.) The act of perceiving; cognizance by the senses or intellect; apperhension by the bodily organs, or by the mind, of what is presented to them; discernment; apperhension; cognition.

Perception (n.) The faculty of perceiving; the faculty, or peculiar part, of man's constitution by which he has knowledge through the medium or instrumentality of the bodily organs; the act of apperhending material objects or qualities through the senses; -- distinguished from conception.

Perception (n.) The quality, state, or capability, of being affected by something external; sensation; sensibility.

Perception (n.) An idea; a notion.

Perceptivity (n.) The quality or state of being perceptive; power of perception.

Perch (n.) Any fresh-water fish of the genus Perca and of several other allied genera of the family Percidae, as the common American or yellow perch (Perca flavescens, / Americana), and the European perch (P. fluviatilis).

Perch (n.) Any one of numerous species of spiny-finned fishes belonging to the Percidae, Serranidae, and related families, and resembling, more or less, the true perches.

Perch (n.) A pole; a long staff; a rod; esp., a pole or other support for fowls to roost on or to rest on; a roost; figuratively, any elevated resting place or seat.

Perch (n.) A measure of length containing five and a half yards; a rod, or pole.

Perch (n.) In land or square measure: A square rod; the 160th part of an acre.

Perch (n.) In solid measure: A mass 16/ feet long, 1 foot in height, and 1/ feet in breadth, or 24/ cubic feet (in local use, from 22 to 25 cubic feet); -- used in measuring stonework.

Perch (n.) A pole connecting the fore gear and hind gear of a spring carriage; a reach.

Perchant (n.) A bird tied by the foot, to serve as decoy to other birds by its fluttering.

Percheron (n.) One of a breed of draught horses originating in Perche, an old district of France; -- called also Percheron-Norman.

Perchlorate (n.) A salt of perchloric acid.

Perchloride (n.) A chloride having a higher proportion of chlorine than any other chloride of the same substance or series.

Percipience (n.) Alt. of Percipiency

Percipiency (n.) The faculty, act or power of perceiving; perception.

Percipient (n.) One who, or that which, is percipient.

Perclose (n.) Same as Parclose.

Perclose (n.) Conclusion; end.

Percoid (n.) Any fish of the genus Perca, or allied genera of the family Percidae.

Percolation (n.) The act or process of percolating, or filtering; filtration; straining. Specifically (Pharm.), the process of exhausting the virtues of a powdered drug by letting a liquid filter slowly through it.

Percolator (n.) One who, or that which, filters.

Percussion (n.) The act of percussing, or striking one body against another; forcible collision, esp. such as gives a sound or report.

Percussion (n.) Hence: The effect of violent collision; vibratory shock; impression of sound on the ear.

Percussion (n.) The act of tapping or striking the surface of the body in order to learn the condition of the parts beneath by the sound emitted or the sensation imparted to the fingers. Percussion is said to be immediate if the blow is directly upon the body; if some interventing substance, as a pleximeter, is, used, it is called mediate.

Percutient (n.) That which strikes, or has power to strike.

Perdifoil (n.) A deciduous plant; -- opposed to evergreen.

Perdition (n.) Entire loss; utter destruction; ruin; esp., the utter loss of the soul, or of final happiness in a future state; future misery or eternal death.

Perdition (n.) Loss of diminution.

Perdix (n.) A genus of birds including the common European partridge. Formerly the word was used in a much wider sense to include many allied genera.

Perduellion (n.) Treason.

Perdurability (n.) Durability; lastingness.

Perdurable (n.) Very durable; lasting; continuing long.

Perdurance (n.) Alt. of Perduration

Perduration (n.) Long continuance.

Pere (n.) A peer.

Peregrination (n.) A traveling from one country to another; a wandering; sojourn in foreign countries.

Peregrinator (n.) One who peregrinates; one who travels about.

Peregrine (n.) The peregrine falcon.

Peregrinity (n.) Foreignness; strangeness.

Peregrinity (n.) Travel; wandering.

Perel (n.) Apparel.

Peremption (n.) A quashing; a defeating.

Peremptoriness (n.) The quality of being peremptory; positiveness.

Perennial (n.) A perennial plant; a plant which lives or continues more than two years, whether it retains its leaves in winter or not.

Perennity (n.) The quality of being perennial.

Pererration (n.) A wandering, or rambling, through various places.

Perfect (n.) The perfect tense, or a form in that tense.

Perfecter (n.) One who, or that which, makes perfect.

Perfectibilian (n.) A perfectionist.

Perfectibilist (n.) A perfectionist. See also Illuminati, 2.

Perfectibility (n.) The quality or state of being perfectible.

Perfection (n.) The quality or state of being perfect or complete, so that nothing requisite is wanting; entire development; consummate culture, skill, or moral excellence; the highest attainable state or degree of excellence; maturity; as, perfection in an art, in a science, or in a system; perfection in form or degree; fruits in perfection.

Perfection (n.) A quality, endowment, or acquirement completely excellent; an ideal faultlessness; especially, the divine attribute of complete excellence.

Perfectionism (n.) The doctrine of the Perfectionists.

Perfectionist (n.) One pretending to perfection; esp., one pretending to moral perfection; one who believes that persons may and do attain to moral perfection and sinlessness in this life.

Perfectionment (n.) The act of bringing to perfection, or the state of having attained to perfection.

Perfectness (n.) The quality or state of being perfect; perfection.

Perficient (n.) One who performs or perfects a work; especially, one who endows a charity.

Perfidiousness (n.) The quality of being perfidious; perfidy.

Perfidy (n.) The act of violating faith or allegiance; violation of a promise or vow, or of trust reposed; faithlessness; treachery.

Perflation (n.) The act of perflating.

Perforation (n.) The act of perforating, or of boring or piercing through.

Perforation (n.) A hole made by boring or piercing; an aperture.

Perforator (n.) One who, or that which, perforates; esp., a cephalotome.

Performance (n.) The act of performing; the carrying into execution or action; execution; achievement; accomplishment; representation by action; as, the performance of an undertaking of a duty.

Performance (n.) That which is performed or accomplished; a thing done or carried through; an achievement; a deed; an act; a feat; esp., an action of an elaborate or public character.

Performer (n.) One who performs, accomplishes, or fulfills; as, a good promiser, but a bad performer; especially, one who shows skill and training in any art; as, a performer of the drama; a performer on the harp.

Perfumer (n.) One who, oe that which, perfumes.

Perfumer (n.) One whose trade is to make or sell perfumes.

Perfumery (n.) Perfumes, in general.

Perfumery (n.) The art of preparing perfumes.

Perfunctoriness (n.) The quality or state of being perfunctory.

Perfusion (n.) The act of perfusing.

Peri (n.) An imaginary being, male or female, like an elf or fairy, represented as a descendant of fallen angels, excluded from paradise till penance is accomplished.

Periagua (n.) See Pirogue.

Perianth (n.) The leaves of a flower generally, especially when the calyx and corolla are not readily distinguished.

Perianth (n.) A saclike involucre which incloses the young fruit in most hepatic mosses. See Illust. of Hepatica.

Perianthium (n.) The perianth.

Periapt (n.) A charm worn as a protection against disease or mischief; an amulet.

Periastron (n.) That point, in the real or apparent orbit of one star revolving around another, at which the former is nearest to the latter.

Periauger (n.) See Pirogue.

Periblem (n.) Nascent cortex, or immature cellular bark.

Peribolos (n.) In ancient architecture, an inclosed court, esp., one surrounding a temple.

Pericambium (n.) A layer of thin-walled young cells in a growing stem, in which layer certain new vessels originate.

Pericarditus (n.) Inflammation of the pericardium.

Pericardium (n.) The double baglike fold of serous membrane which incloses the heart.

Pericarp (n.) The ripened ovary; the walls of the fruit. See Illusts. of Capsule, Drupe, and Legume.

Perichaeth (n.) The leafy involucre surrounding the fruit stalk of mosses; perichaetium; perichete.

Perichaetium (n.) Same as Perichaeth.

Perichete (n.) Same as Perichaeth.

Perichondritis (n.) Inflammation of the perichondrium.

Perichondrium (n.) The membrane of fibrous connective tissue which closely invests cartilage, except where covering articular surfaces.

Periclase (n.) Alt. of Periclasite

Periclasite (n.) A grayish or dark green mineral, consisting essentially of magnesia (magnesium oxide), occurring in granular forms or in isometric crystals.

Periclinium (n.) The involucre which surrounds the common receptacle in composite flowers.

Periclitation (n.) Trial; experiment.

Periclitation (n.) The state of being in peril.

Pericope (n.) A selection or extract from a book; especially (Theol.), a selection from the Bible, appointed to be read in the churches or used as a text for a sermon.

Pericranium (n.) The periosteum which covers the cranium externally; the region around the cranium.

Periculum (n.) Danger; risk.

Periculum (n.) In a narrower, judicial sense: Accident or casus, as distinguished from dolus and culpa, and hence relieving one from the duty of performing an obligation.

Periderm (n.) The outer layer of bark.

Periderm (n.) The hard outer covering of hydroids and other marine animals; the perisarc.

Peridiastole (n.) The almost inappreciable time which elapses between the systole and the diastole of the heart.

Peridium (n.) The envelope or coat of certain fungi, such as the puffballs and earthstars.

Peridot (n.) Chrysolite.

Peridotite (n.) An eruptive rock characterized by the presence of chrysolite (peridot). It also usually contains pyroxene, enstatite, chromite, etc. It is often altered to serpentine.

Peridrome (n.) The space between the columns and the wall of the cella, in a Greek or a Roman temple.

Perienteron (n.) The primitive perivisceral cavity.

Periergy (n.) Excessive care or diligence.

Periergy (n.) A bombastic or labored style.

Perigee (n.) Alt. of Perigeum

Perigeum (n.) That point in the orbit of the moon which is nearest to the earth; -- opposed to apogee. It is sometimes, but rarely, used of the nearest points of other orbits, as of a comet, a planet, etc. Called also epigee, epigeum.

Perigenesis (n.) A theory which explains inheritance by the transmission of the type of growth force possessed by one generation to another.

Perigone (n.) Any organ inclosing the essential organs of a flower; a perianth.

Perigone (n.) In mosses, the involucral bracts of a male flower.

Perigone (n.) A sac which surrounds the generative bodies in the gonophore of a hydroid.

Perigonium (n.) Same as Perigone.

Perigraph (n.) A careless or inaccurate de

Perigynium (n.) Some unusual appendage about the pistil, as the bottle-shaped body in the sedges, and the bristles or scales in some other genera of the Sedge family, or Cyperaceae.

Perihelion (n.) Alt. of Perihelium

Perihelium (n.) That point of the orbit of a planet or comet which is nearest to the sun; -- opposed to aphelion.

Peril (n.) Danger; risk; hazard; jeopardy; exposure of person or property to injury, loss, or destruction.

Perilla (n.) A genus of labiate herbs, of which one species (Perilla ocimoides, or P. Nankinensis) is often cultivated for its purple or variegated foliage.

Perilymph (n.) The fluid which surrounds the membranous labyrinth of the internal ear, and separates it from the walls of the chambers in which the labyrinth lies.

Perimeter (n.) The outer boundary of a body or figure, or the sum of all the sides.

Perimeter (n.) An instrument for determining the extent and shape of the field of vision.

Perimetry (n.) The art of using the perimeter; measurement of the field of vision.

Perimorph (n.) A crystal of one species inclosing one of another species. See Endomorph.

Perimysium (n.) The connective tissue sheath which surrounds a muscle, and sends partitions inwards between the bundles of muscular fibers.

Perinaeum (n.) See Perineum.

Perineoplasty (n.) The act or process of restoring an injured perineum.

Perineorrhaphy (n.) The operation of sewing up a ruptured perineum.

Perinephritis (n.) Inflammation of the cellular tissue around the kidney.

Perineum (n.) The region which is included within the outlet of the pelvis, and is traversed by the urinogenital canal and the rectum.

Perineurium (n.) The connective tissue sheath which surrounds a bundle of nerve fibers. See Epineurium, and Neurilemma.

Period (n.) A portion of time as limited and determined by some recurring phenomenon, as by the completion of a revolution of one of the heavenly bodies; a division of time, as a series of years, months, or days, in which something is completed, and ready to recommence and go on in the same order; as, the period of the sun, or the earth, or a comet.

Period (n.) A stated and recurring interval of time; more generally, an interval of time specified or left indefinite; a certain series of years, months, days, or the like; a time; a cycle; an age; an epoch; as, the period of the Roman republic.

Period (n.) One of the great divisions of geological time; as, the Tertiary period; the Glacial period. See the Chart of Geology.

Period (n.) The termination or completion of a revolution, cycle, series of events, single event, or act; hence, a limit; a bound; an end; a conclusion.

Period (n.) A complete sentence, from one full stop to another; esp., a well-proportioned, harmonious sentence.

Period (n.) The punctuation point [.] that marks the end of a complete sentence, or of an abbreviated word.

Period (n.) One of several similar sets of figures or terms usually marked by points or commas placed at regular intervals, as in numeration, in the extraction of roots, and in circulating decimals.

Period (n.) The time of the exacerbation and remission of a disease, or of the paroxysm and intermission.

Period (n.) A complete musical sentence.

Periodate (n.) A salt of periodic acid.

Periodical (n.) A magazine or other publication which appears at stated or regular intervals.

Periodicalist (n.) One who publishes, or writes for, a periodical.

Periodicalness (n.) Periodicity.

Periodicity (n.) The quality or state of being periodical, or regularly recurrent; as, the periodicity in the vital phenomena of plants.

Periodide (n.) An iodide containing a higher proportion of iodine than any other iodide of the same substance or series.

Periodoscope (n.) A table or other means for calculating the periodical functions of women.

Periople (n.) The external smooth horny layer of the hoof of the horse and allied animals.

Periosteum (n.) The membrane of fibrous connective tissue which closely invests all bones except at the articular surfaces.

Periostitis (n.) Inflammation of the periosteum.

Periostracum (n.) A chitinous membrane covering the exterior of many shells; -- called also epidermis.

Periotic (n.) A periotic bone.

Peripatecian (n.) A peripatetic.

Peripatetic (n.) One who walks about; a pedestrian; an itinerant.

Peripatetic (n.) A disciple of Aristotle; an Aristotelian.

Peripateticism (n.) The doctrines or philosophical system of the peripatetics. See Peripatetic, n., 2.

Peripatus (n.) A genus of lowly organized arthropods, found in South Africa, Australia, and tropical America. It constitutes the order Malacopoda.

Periphery (n.) The outside or superficial portions of a body; the surface.

Periphery (n.) The circumference of a circle, ellipse, or other figure.

Periphrase (n.) The use of more words than are necessary to express the idea; a roundabout, or indirect, way of speaking; circumlocution.

Periphrasis (n.) See Periphrase.

Periplast (n.) Same as Periblast.

Peripneumonia (n.) Alt. of Peripneumony

Peripneumony (n.) Pneumonia.

Periproct (n.) The region surrounding the anus, particularly of echinoderms.

Periproctitis (n.) Inflammation of the tissues about the rectum.

Perisarc (n.) The outer, hardened integument which covers most hydroids.

Periscope (n.) A general or comprehensive view.

Periscope (n.) an optical instrument of tubular shape containing an arrangement of lenses and mirrors (or prisms), allowing a person to observe a field of view otherwise obstructed, as beyond an obstructing object or (as in submarines) above the surface of the water.

Perishability (n.) Perishableness.

Perishableness (n.) The quality or state of being perishable; liability to decay or destruction.

Perishment (n.) The act of perishing.

Perisoma (n.) Same as Perisome.

Perisome (n.) The entire covering of an invertebrate animal, as echinoderm or coelenterate; the integument.

Perisperm (n.) The albumen of a seed, especially that portion which is formed outside of the embryo sac.

Perispomenon (n.) A word which has the circumflex accent on the last syllable.

Perispore (n.) The outer covering of a spore.

Perissodactyl (n.) One of the Perissodactyla.

Perissology (n.) Superfluity of words.

Peristalsis (n.) Peristaltic contraction or action.

Peristeria (n.) A genus of orchidaceous plants. See Dove plant.

Peristerion (n.) The herb vervain (Verbena officinalis).

Peristerite (n.) A variety of albite, whitish and slightly iridescent like a pigeon's neck.

Peristole (n.) Peristaltic action, especially of the intestines.

Peristoma (n.) Same as Peristome.

Peristome (n.) The fringe of teeth around the orifice of the capsule of mosses. It consists of 4, 8, 16, 32, or 64 teeth, and may be either single or double.

Peristome (n.) The lip, or edge of the aperture, of a spiral shell.

Peristome (n.) The membrane surrounding the mouth of an invertebrate animal.

Peristomium (n.) Same as Peristome.

Peristyle (n.) A range of columns with their entablature, etc.; specifically, a complete system of columns, whether on all sides of a court, or surrounding a building, such as the cella of a temple. Used in the former sense, it gives name to the larger and inner court of a Roman dwelling, the peristyle. See Colonnade.

Perisystole (n.) The interval between the diastole and systole of the heart. It is perceptible only in the dying.

Perithecium (n.) An organ in certain fungi and lichens, surrounding and enveloping the masses of fructification.

Peritonaeum (n.) Same as Peritoneum.

Peritoneum (n.) The smooth serous membrane which

Peritonitis (n.) Inflammation of the peritoneum.

Peritreme (n.) That part of the integument of an insect which surrounds the spiracles.

Peritreme (n.) The edge of the aperture of a univalve shell.

Peritrochium (n.) The wheel which, together with the axle, forms the axis in peritrochio, which see under Axis.

Perityphlitis (n.) Inflammation of the connective tissue about the caecum.

Periwig (n.) A headdress of false hair, usually covering the whole head, and representing the natural hair; a wig.

Periwinkle (n.) Any small marine gastropod shell of the genus Littorina. The common European species (Littorina littorea), in Europe extensively used as food, has recently become naturalized abundantly on the American coast. See Littorina.

Periwinkle (n.) A trailing herb of the genus Vinca.

Perjenet (n.) A kind of pear.

Perjure (n.) A perjured person.

Perjurer (n.) One who is guilty of perjury; one who perjures or forswears, in any sense.

Perkin (n.) A kind of weak perry.

Perkinism (n.) A remedial treatment, by drawing the pointed extremities of two rods, each of a different metal, over the affected part; tractoration, -- first employed by Dr. Elisha Perkins of Norwich, Conn. See Metallotherapy.

Perlid (n.) Any insect of the genus Perla, or family Perlidae. See Stone fly, under Stone.

Perlite (n.) Same as Pearlite.

Perlustration (n.) The act of viewing all over.

Permanence (n.) Alt. of Permanency

Permanency (n.) The quality or state of being permanent; continuance in the same state or place; duration; fixedness; as, the permanence of institutions; the permanence of nature.

Permanganate (n.) A salt of permanganic acid.

Permansion (n.) Continuance.

Permeability (n.) The quality or state of being permeable.

Permeation (n.) The act of permeating, passing through, or spreading throughout, the pores or interstices of any substance.

Permian (n.) The Permian period. See Chart of Geology.

Permiss (n.) A permitted choice; a rhetorical figure in which a thing is committed to the decision of one's opponent.

Permissibility (n.) The quality of being permissible; permissibleness; allowableness.

Permission (n.) The act of permitting or allowing; formal consent; authorization; leave; license or liberty granted.

Permistion (n.) The act of mixing; the state of being mingled; mixture.

Permit (n.) Warrant; license; leave; permission; specifically, a written license or permission given to a person or persons having authority; as, a permit to land goods subject to duty.

Permittance (n.) The act of permitting; allowance; permission; leave.

Permittee (n.) One to whom a permission or permit is given.

Permitter (n.) One who permits.

Permixtion (n.) See Permission.

Permutation (n.) The act of permuting; exchange of the thing for another; mutual transference; interchange.

Permutation (n.) The arrangement of any determinate number of things, as units, objects, letters, etc., in all possible orders, one after the other; -- called also alternation. Cf. Combination, n., 4.

Permutation (n.) Any one of such possible arrangements.

Permutation (n.) Barter; exchange.

Permuter (n.) One who permutes.

Pern (n.) The honey buzzard.

Pernancy (n.) A taking or reception, as the receiving of rents or tithes in kind, the receiving of profits.

Pernel (n.) See Pimpernel.

Pernicion (n.) Destruction; perdition.

Pernicity (n.) Swiftness; celerity.

Pernio (n.) A chilblain.

Pernoctalian (n.) One who watches or keeps awake all night.

Pernoctation (n.) The act or state of passing the whole night; a remaining all night.

Perofskite (n.) A titanate of lime occurring in octahedral or cubic crystals.

Perogue (n.) See Pirogue.

Peroration (n.) The concluding part of an oration; especially, a final summing up and enforcement of an argument.

Peroxidation (n.) Act, process, or result of peroxidizing; oxidation to a peroxide.

Peroxide (n.) An oxide containing more oxygen than some other oxide of the same element. Formerly peroxides were regarded as the highest oxides. Cf. Per-, 2.

Perpender (n.) A large stone reaching through a wall so as to appear on both sides of it, and acting as a binder; -- called also perbend, perpend stone, and perpent stone.

Perpendicle (n.) Something hanging straight down; a plumb

Perpendicular (n.) A

Perpendicular (n.) A

Perpendicularity (n.) The quality or state of being perpendicular.

Perpension (n.) Careful consideration; pondering.

Perpensity (n.) Perpension.

Perpession (n.) Suffering; endurance.

Perpetration (n.) The act of perpetrating; a doing; -- commonly used of doing something wrong, as a crime.

Perpetration (n.) The thing perpetrated; an evil action.

Perpetrator (n.) One who perpetrates; esp., one who commits an offense or crime.

Perpetualty (n.) The state or condition of being perpetual.

Perpetuance (n.) Perpetuity.

Perpetuation (n.) The act of making perpetual, or of preserving from extinction through an endless existence, or for an indefinite period of time; continuance.

Perpetuity (n.) The quality or state of being perpetual; as, the perpetuity of laws.

Perpetuity (n.) Something that is perpetual.

Perpetuity (n.) Endless time.

Perpetuity (n.) The number of years in which the simple interest of any sum becomes equal to the principal.

Perpetuity (n.) The number of years' purchase to be given for an annuity to continue forever.

Perpetuity (n.) A perpetual annuity.

Perpetuity (n.) Duration without limitations as to time.

Perpetuity (n.) The quality or condition of an estate by which it becomes inalienable, either perpetually or for a very long period; also, the estate itself so modified or perpetuated.

Perplexity (n.) The quality or state of being perplexed or puzzled; complication; intricacy; entanglement; distraction of mind through doubt or difficulty; embarrassment; bewilderment; doubt.

Perplexiveness (n.) The quality of being perplexing; tendency to perplex.

Perpotation (n.) The act of drinking excessively; a drinking bout.

Perquisite (n.) Something gained from a place or employment over and above the ordinary salary or fixed wages for services rendered; especially, a fee allowed by law to an officer for a specific service.

Perquisite (n.) Things gotten by a man's own industry, or purchased with his own money, as opposed to things which come to him by descent.

Perquisition (n.) A thorough inquiry of search.

Perrie (n.) Precious stones; jewels.

Perrier (n.) A short mortar used formerly for throwing stone shot.

Perroquet (n.) See Paroquet, Parakeet.

Perruque (n.) See Peruke.

Perruquier (n.) A marker of perukes or wigs.

Perry (n.) A fermented liquor made from pears; pear cider.

Perry (n.) A suddent squall. See Pirry.

Pers (n.) A cloth of sky-blue color.

Persalt (n.) A term formerly given to the salts supposed to be formed respectively by neutralizing acids with certain peroxides.

Perscrutation (n.) A thorough searching; a minute inquiry or scrutiny.

Persecot (n.) See Persicot.

Persecution (n.) The act or practice of persecuting; especially, the infliction of loss, pain, or death for adherence to a particular creed or mode of worship.

Persecution (n.) The state or condition of being persecuted.

Persecution (n.) A carrying on; prosecution.

Persecutor (n.) One who persecutes, or harasses.

Persecutrix (n.) A woman who persecutes.

Perseid (n.) One of a group of shooting stars which appear yearly about the 10th of August, and cross the heavens in paths apparently radiating from the constellation Perseus. They are beleived to be fragments once connected with a comet visible in 1862.

Perseus (n.) A Grecian legendary hero, son of Jupiter and Danae, who slew the Gorgon Medusa.

Perseus (n.) A consellation of the northern hemisphere, near Taurus and Cassiopea. It contains a star cluster visible to the naked eye as a nebula.

Perseverance (n.) The act of persevering; persistence in anything undertaken; continued pursuit or prosecution of any business, or enterprise begun.

Perseverance (n.) Discrimination.

Perseverance (n.) Continuance in a state of grace until it is succeeded by a state of glory; sometimes called final perseverance, and the perseverance of the saints. See Calvinism.

Persian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Persia.

Persian (n.) The language spoken in Persia.

Persian (n.) A thin silk fabric, used formerly for linings.

Persian (n.) See Persian columns, under Persian, a.

Persic (n.) The Persian language.

Persicaria (n.) See Lady's thumb.

Persicot (n.) A cordial made of the kernels of apricots, nectarines, etc., with refined spirit.

Persiflage (n.) Frivolous or bantering talk; a frivolous manner of treating any subject, whether serious or otherwise; light raillery.

Persifleur (n.) One who indulges in persiflage; a banterer; a quiz.

Persimmon (n.) An American tree (Diospyros Virginiana) and its fruit, found from New York southward. The fruit is like a plum in appearance, but is very harsh and astringent until it has been exposed to frost, when it becomes palatable and nutritious.

Persis (n.) A kind of coloring matter obtained from lichens.

Persism (n.) A Persian idiom.

Persistence (n.) Alt. of Persistency

Persistency (n.) The quality or state of being persistent; staying or continuing quality; hence, in an unfavorable sense, doggedness; obstinacy.

Persistency (n.) The continuance of an effect after the cause which first gave rise to it is removed

Persistency (n.) The persistence of motion.

Persistency (n.) Visual persistence, or persistence of the visual impression; auditory persistence, etc.

Person (n.) A character or part, as in a play; a specific kind or manifestation of individual character, whether in real life, or in literary or dramatic representation; an assumed character.

Person (n.) The bodily form of a human being; body; outward appearance; as, of comely person.

Person (n.) A living, self-conscious being, as distinct from an animal or a thing; a moral agent; a human being; a man, woman, or child.

Person (n.) A human being spoken of indefinitely; one; a man; as, any person present.

Person (n.) A parson; the parish priest.

Person (n.) Among Trinitarians, one of the three subdivisions of the Godhead (the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost); an hypostasis.

Person (n.) One of three relations or conditions (that of speaking, that of being spoken to, and that of being spoken of) pertaining to a noun or a pronoun, and thence also to the verb of which it may be the subject.

Person (n.) A shoot or bud of a plant; a polyp or zooid of the compound Hydrozoa Anthozoa, etc.; also, an individual, in the narrowest sense, among the higher animals.

Persona (n.) Same as Person, n., 8.

Personage (n.) Form, appearance, or belongings of a person; the external appearance, stature, figure, air, and the like, of a person.

Personage (n.) Character assumed or represented.

Personage (n.) A notable or distinguished person; a conspicious or peculiar character; as, an illustrious personage; a comely personage of stature tall.

Personal (n.) A movable; a chattel.

Personalism (n.) The quality or state of being personal; personality.

Personality (n.) That which constitutes distinction of person; individuality.

Personality (n.) Something said or written which refers to the person, conduct, etc., of some individual, especially something of a disparaging or offensive nature; personal remarks; as, indulgence in personalities.

Personality (n.) That quality of a law which concerns the condition, state, and capacity of persons.

Personalty (n.) The state of being a person; personality.

Personalty (n.) Personal property, as distinguished from realty or real property.

Personation (n.) The act of personating, or conterfeiting the person or character of another.

Personator (n.) One who personates.

Personeity (n.) Personality.

Personification (n.) The act of personifying; impersonation; embodiment.

Personification (n.) A figure of speech in which an inanimate object or abstract idea is represented as animated, or endowed with personality; prosopop/ia; as, the floods clap their hands.

Personifier (n.) One who personifies.

Personnel (n.) The body of persons employed in some public service, as the army, navy, etc.; -- distinguished from materiel.

Perspective (n.) Of or pertaining to the science of vision; optical.

Perspective (n.) Pertaining to the art, or in accordance with the laws, of perspective.

Perspectograph (n.) An instrument for obtaining, and transferring to a picture, the points and out

Perspectography (n.) The science or art of de

Perspicacity (n.) The state of being perspicacious; acuteness of sight or of intelligence; acute discernment.

Perspicacy (n.) Perspicacity.

Perspicience (n.) The act of looking sharply.

Perspicil (n.) An optical glass; a telescope.

Perspicuity (n.) The quality or state of being transparent or translucent.

Perspicuity (n.) The quality of being perspicuous to the understanding; clearness of expression or thought.

Perspicuity (n.) Sagacity; perspicacity.

Perspirability (n.) The quality or state of being perspirable.

Perspiration (n.) The act or process of perspiring.

Perspiration (n.) That which is excreted through the skin; sweat.

Persuade (n.) Persuasion.

Persuader (n.) One who, or that which, persuades or influences.

Persuasibility (n.) Capability of being persuaded.

Persuasion (n.) The act of persuading; the act of influencing the mind by arguments or reasons offered, or by anything that moves the mind or passions, or inc

Persuasion (n.) The state of being persuaded or convinced; settled opinion or conviction, which has been induced.

Persuasion (n.) A creed or belief; a sect or party adhering to a certain creed or system of opinions; as, of the same persuasion; all persuasions are agreed.

Persuasion (n.) The power or quality of persuading; persuasiveness.

Persuasion (n.) That which persuades; a persuasive.

Persuasive (n.) That which persuades; an inducement; an incitement; an exhortation.

Persulphate (n.) A sulphate of the peroxide of any base.

Persulphide (n.) A sulphide containing more sulphur than some other compound of the same elements; as, iron pyrites is a persulphide; -- formerly called persulphuret.

Persulphocyanate (n.) A salt of persulphocyanic acid.

Persulphocyanogen (n.) An orange-yellow substance, produced by the action of chlorine or boiling dilute nitric acid and sulphocyanate of potassium; -- called also pseudosulphocyanogen, perthiocyanogen, and formerly sulphocyanogen.

Persulphuret (n.) A persulphide.

Perterebration (n.) The act of boring through.

Perthiocyanogen (n.) Same as Persulphocyanogen.

Perthite (n.) A kind of feldspar consisting of a laminated intertexture of albite and orthoclase, usually of different colors.

Pertinacity (n.) The quality or state of being pertinacious; obstinacy; perseverance; persistency.

Pertinacy (n.) The quality or state of being pertinent; pertinence.

Pertinacy (n.) Pertinacity.

Pertinence (n.) Alt. of Pertinency

Pertinency (n.) The quality or state of being pertinent; justness of relation to the subject or matter in hand; fitness; appositeness; relevancy; suitableness.

Pertness (n.) The quality or state of being pert.

Perturbability (n.) The quality or state of being perturbable.

Perturbance (n.) Disturbance; perturbation.

Perturbation (n.) The act of perturbing, or the state of being perturbed; esp., agitation of mind.

Perturbation (n.) A disturbance in the regular elliptic or other motion of a heavenly body, produced by some force additional to that which causes its regular motion; as, the perturbations of the planets are caused by their attraction on each other.

Perturbator (n.) A perturber.

Perturber (n.) One who, or that which, perturbs, or cause perturbation.

Pertusion (n.) The act of punching or piercing with a pointed instrument; as, pertusion of a vein.

Pertusion (n.) A punched hole; a perforation.

Pertussis (n.) The whooping cough.

Peruke (n.) A wig; a periwig.

Perula (n.) One of the scales of a leaf bud.

Perula (n.) A pouchlike portion of the perianth in certain orchides.

Perule (n.) Same as Perula.

Perusal (n.) The act of carefully viewing or examining.

Perusal (n.) The act of reading, especially of reading through or with care.

Peruser (n.) One who peruses.

Peruvian (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Peru.

Pervasion (n.) The act of pervading, passing, or spreading through the whole extent of a thing.

Perverseness (n.) The quality or state of being perverse.

Perversion (n.) The act of perverting, or the state of being perverted; a turning from truth or right; a diverting from the true intent or object; a change to something worse; a turning or applying to a wrong end or use.

Perversity (n.) The quality or state of being perverse; perverseness.

Pervert (n.) One who has been perverted; one who has turned to error, especially in religion; -- opposed to convert. See the Synonym of Convert.

Perverter (n.) One who perverts (a person or thing).

Pervestigation (n.) Thorough investigation.

Pervicacity (n.) Obstinacy; pervicaciousness.

Pervicacy (n.) Pervicacity.

Pervigilation (n.) Careful watching.

Perviousness (n.) The quality or state of being pervious; as, the perviousness of glass.

Pervis (n.) See Parvis.

Pery (n.) A pear tree. See Pirie.

Pes (n.) The distal segment of the hind limb of vertebrates, including the tarsus and foot.

Pesade (n.) The motion of a horse when, raising his fore quarters, he keeps his hind feet on the ground without advancing; rearing.

Pesage (n.) A fee, or toll, paid for the weighing of merchandise.

Pesane (n.) See Pusane.

Peschito (n.) See Peshito.

Pese (n.) A pea.

Peseta (n.) A Spanish silver coin, and money of account, equal to about nineteen cents, and divided into 100 centesimos.

Peshito (n.) Alt. of Peshitto

Peshitto (n.) The earliest Syriac version of the Old Testament, translated from Hebrew; also, the incomplete Syriac version of the New Testament.

Peso (n.) A Spanish dollar; also, an Argentine, Chilian, Colombian, etc., coin, equal to from 75 cents to a dollar; also, a pound weight.

Pessary (n.) An instrument or device to be introduced into and worn in the vagina, to support the uterus, or remedy a malposition.

Pessary (n.) A medicinal substance in the form of a bolus or mass, designed for introduction into the vagina; a vaginal suppository.

Pessimism (n.) The opinion or doctrine that everything in nature is ordered for or tends to the worst, or that the world is wholly evil; -- opposed to optimism.

Pessimism (n.) A disposition to take the least hopeful view of things.

Pessimist (n.) One who advocates the doctrine of pessimism; -- opposed to optimist.

Pessimist (n.) One who looks on the dark side of things.

Pessulus (n.) A delicate bar of cartilage connecting the dorsal and ventral extremities of the first pair of bronchial cartilages in the syrinx of birds.

Pest (n.) A fatal epidemic disease; a pestilence; specif., the plague.

Pest (n.) Anything which resembles a pest; one who, or that which, is troublesome, noxious, mischievous, or destructive; a nuisance.

Pestalozzian (n.) An advocate or follower of the system of Pestalozzi.

Pestalozzianism (n.) The system of education introduced by Pestalozzi.

Pesterer (n.) One who pesters or harasses.

Pesterment (n.) The act of pestering, or the state of being pestered; vexation; worry.

Pesthouse (n.) A house or hospital for persons who are infected with any pestilential disease.

Pestiduct (n.) That which conveys contagion or infection.

Pestilence (n.) Specifically, the disease known as the plague; hence, any contagious or infectious epidemic disease that is virulent and devastating.

Pestilence (n.) Fig.: That which is pestilent, noxious, or pernicious to the moral character of great numbers.

Pestilentness (n.) The quality of being pestilent.

Pestilation (n.) The act of pounding and bruising with a pestle in a mortar.

Pestle (n.) An implement for pounding and breaking or braying substances in a mortar.

Pestle (n.) A constable's or bailiff's staff; -- so called from its shape.

Pestle (n.) The leg and leg bone of an animal, especially of a pig; as, a pestle of pork.

Pet (n.) A cade lamb; a lamb brought up by hand.

Pet (n.) Any person or animal especially cherished and indulged; a fondling; a darling; often, a favorite child.

Pet (n.) A slight fit of peevishness or fretfulness.

Petal (n.) One of the leaves of the corolla, or the colored leaves of a flower. See Corolla, and Illust. of Flower.

Petal (n.) One of the expanded ambulacra which form a rosette on the black of certain Echini.

Petalism (n.) A form of sentence among the ancient Syracusans by which they banished for five years a citizen suspected of having dangerous influence or ambition. It was similar to the ostracism in Athens; but olive leaves were used instead of shells for ballots.

Petalite (n.) A rare mineral, occurring crystallized and in cleavable masses, usually white, or nearly so, in color. It is a silicate of aluminia and lithia.

Petalody (n.) The metamorphosis of various floral organs, usually stamens, into petals.

Petalum (n.) A petal.

Petar (n.) See Petard.

Petard (n.) A case containing powder to be exploded, esp. a conical or cylindrical case of metal filled with powder and attached to a plank, to be exploded against and break down gates, barricades, drawbridges, etc. It has been superseded.

Petardeer (n.) Alt. of Petardier

Petardier (n.) One who managed a petard.

Petasus (n.) The winged cap of Mercury; also, a broad-brimmed, low-crowned hat worn by Greeks and Romans.

Petaurist (n.) Any flying marsupial of the genera Petaurus, Phalangista, Acrobata, and allied genera. See Flying mouse, under Flying, and Phalangister.

Peter (n.) A common baptismal name for a man. The name of one of the apostles,

Peterel (n.) See Petrel.

Peterero (n.) See Pederero.

Peterman (n.) A fisherman; -- so called after the apostle Peter.

Petersham (n.) A rough, knotted woolen cloth, used chiefly for men's overcoats; also, a coat of that material.

Peterwort (n.) See Saint Peter's-wort, under Saint.

Petiole (n.) A leafstalk; the footstalk of a leaf, connecting the blade with the stem. See Illust. of Leaf.

Petiole (n.) A stalk or peduncle.

Petiolule (n.) A small petiole, or the petiole of a leaflet.

Petition (n.) A prayer; a supplication; an imploration; an entreaty; especially, a request of a solemn or formal kind; a prayer to the Supreme Being, or to a person of superior power, rank, or authority; also, a single clause in such a prayer.

Petition (n.) A formal written request addressed to an official person, or to an organized body, having power to grant it; specifically (Law), a supplication to government, in either of its branches, for the granting of a particular grace or right; -- in distinction from a memorial, which calls certain facts to mind; also, the written document.

Petitionee (n.) A person cited to answer, or defend against, a petition.

Petitioner (n.) One who presents a petition.

Petitioning (n.) The act of presenting apetition; a supplication.

Petitor (n.) One who seeks or asks; a seeker; an applicant.

Petong (n.) See Packfong.

Petralogy (n.) See Petrology.

Petrary (n.) An ancient war engine for hurling stones.

Petre (n.) See Saltpeter.

Petrel (n.) Any one of numerous species of longwinged sea birds belonging to the family Procellaridae. The small petrels, or Mother Carey's chickens, belong to Oceanites, Oceanodroma, Procellaria, and several allied genera.

Petrescence (n.) The process of changing into stone; petrification.

Petrifaction (n.) The process of petrifying, or changing into stone; conversion of any organic matter (animal or vegetable) into stone, or a substance of stony hardness.

Petrifaction (n.) The state or condition of being petrified.

Petrifaction (n.) That which is petrified; popularly, a body incrusted with stony matter; an incrustation.

Petrifaction (n.) Fig.: Hardness; callousness; obduracy.

Petrification (n.) See Petrifaction.

Petrification (n.) Fig.: Obduracy; callousness.

Petrogale (n.) Any Australian kangaroo of the genus Petrogale, as the rock wallaby (P. penicillata).

Petroglyphy (n.) The art or operation of carving figures or inscriptions on rock or stone.

Petrography (n.) The art of writing on stone.

Petrography (n.) The scientific description of rocks; that department of science which investigates the constitution of rocks; petrology.

Petrol (n.) Petroleum.

Petrolatum (n.) A semisolid unctuous substance, neutral, and without taste or odor, derived from petroleum by distilling off the lighter portions and purifying the residue. It is a yellowish, fatlike mass, transparent in thin layers, and somewhat fluorescent. It is used as a bland protective dressing, and as a substitute for fatty materials in ointments.

Petroleum (n.) Rock oil, mineral oil, or natural oil, a dark brown or greenish inflammable liquid, which, at certain points, exists in the upper strata of the earth, from whence it is pumped, or forced by pressure of the gas attending it. It consists of a complex mixture of various hydrocarbons, largely of the methane series, but may vary much in appearance, composition, and properties. It is refined by distillation, and the products include kerosene, benzine, gaso


Petrologist (n.) One who is versed in petrology.

Petrology (n.) The department of science which is concerned with the mineralogical and chemical composition of rocks, and with their classification: lithology.

Petrology (n.) A treatise on petrology.

Petromyzont (n.) A lamprey.

Petronel (n.) A sort of hand cannon, or portable firearm, used in France in the 15th century.

Petrosal (n.) A petrosal bone.

Petrosal (n.) The auditory capsule.

Petrosilex (n.) Felsite.

Petrostearine (n.) A solid unctuous material, of which candles are made.

Pettichaps (n.) See Pettychaps.

Petticoat (n.) A loose under-garment worn by women, and covering the body below the waist.

Pettifogger (n.) A lawyer who deals in petty cases; an attorney whose methods are mean and tricky; an inferior lawyer.

Pettifoggery (n.) The practice or arts of a pettifogger; disreputable tricks; quibbles.

Pettifogging (n.) Pettifoggery.

Pettiness (n.) The quality or state of being petty or paltry; littleness; meanness.

Petto (n.) The breast.

Pettychaps (n.) Any one of several species of small European singing birds of the subfamily Sylviinae, as the willow warbler, the chiff-chaff, and the golden warbler (Sylvia hortensis).

Pettywhin (n.) The needle furze. See under Needle.

Petulance (n.) Alt. of Petulancy

Petulancy (n.) The quality or state of being petulant; temporary peevishness; pettishness; capricious ill humor.

Petulcity (n.) Wantonness; friskiness.

Petunia (n.) A genus of solanaceous herbs with funnelform or salver-shaped corollas. Two species are common in cultivation, Petunia violacera, with reddish purple flowers, and P. nyctaginiflora, with white flowers. There are also many hybrid forms with variegated corollas.

Petunse (n.) Alt. of Petuntze

Petuntse (n.) Alt. of Petuntze

Petuntze (n.) Powdered fledspar, kaolin, or quartz, used in the manufacture of porcelain.

Petzite (n.) A telluride of silver and gold, related to hessite.

Peucedanin (n.) A tasteless white crystal

Peucil (n.) A liquid resembling camphene, obtained by treating turpentine hydrochloride with lime.

Pew (n.) One of the compartments in a church which are separated by low partitions, and have long seats upon which several persons may sit; -- sometimes called slip. Pews were originally made square, but are now usually long and narrow.

Pew (n.) Any structure shaped like a church pew, as a stall, formerly used by money lenders, etc.; a box in theater; a pen; a sheepfold.

Pewee (n.) A common American tyrant flycatcher (Sayornis phoebe, or S. fuscus). Called also pewit, and phoebe.

Pewee (n.) The woodcock.

Pewet (n.) Same as Pewit.

Pewfellow (n.) One who occupies the same pew with another.

Pewfellow (n.) An intimate associate; a companion.

Pewit (n.) The lapwing.

Pewit (n.) The European black-headed, or laughing, gull (Xema ridibundus). See under Laughing.

Pewit (n.) The pewee.

Pewter (n.) A hard, tough, but easily fusible, alloy, originally consisting of tin with a little lead, but afterwards modified by the addition of copper, antimony, or bismuth.

Pewter (n.) Utensils or vessels made of pewter, as dishes, porringers, drinking vessels, tankards, pots.

Pewterer (n.) One whose occupation is to make utensils of pewter; a pewtersmith.

Pexity (n.) Nap of cloth.

Peytrel (n.) The breastplate of a horse's armor or harness. [Spelt also peitrel.] See Poitrel.

Peziza (n.) A genus of fungi embracing a great number of species, some of which are remarkable for their regular cuplike form and deep colors.

Pfennig (n.) A small copper coin of Germany. It is the hundredth part of a mark, or about a quarter of a cent in United States currency.

Phacellus (n.) One of the filaments on the inner surface of the gastric cavity of certain jellyfishes.

Phacochere (n.) The wart hog.

Phacolite (n.) A colorless variety of chabazite; the original was from Leipa, in Bohemia.

Phacops (n.) A genus of trilobites found in the Silurian and Devonian formations. Phacops bufo is one of the most common species.

Phaenogam (n.) Any plant of the class Phaenogamia.

Phaenomenon (n.) See Phenomenon.

Phaeospore (n.) A brownish zoospore, characteristic of an order (Phaeosporeae) of dark green or olive-colored algae.

Phaethon (n.) The son of Helios (Phoebus), that is, the son of light, or of the sun. He is fabled to have obtained permission to drive the chariot of the sun, in doing which his want of skill would have set the world on fire, had he not been struck with a thunderbolt by Jupiter, and hurled headlong into the river Po.

Phaethon (n.) A genus of oceanic birds including the tropic birds.

Phaeton (n.) A four-wheeled carriage (with or without a top), open, or having no side pieces, in front of the seat. It is drawn by one or two horses.

Phaeton (n.) See Phaethon.

Phaeton (n.) A handsome American butterfly (Euphydryas, / Melitaea, Phaeton). The upper side of the wings is black, with orange-red spots and marginal crescents, and several rows of cream-colored spots; -- called also Baltimore.

Phagedena (n.) A canine appetite; bulimia.

Phagedena (n.) Spreading, obstinate ulceration.

PhagedenicAL (n.) A phagedenic medicine.

Phagocyte (n.) A leucocyte which plays a part in retrogressive processes by taking up (eating), in the form of fine granules, the parts to be removed.

Phainopepla (n.) A small crested passerine bird (Phainopepla nitens), native of Mexico and the Southern United States. The adult male is of a uniform glossy blue-black; the female is brownish. Called also black flycatcher.

Phakoscope (n.) An instrument for studying the mechanism of accommodation.

Phalaena (n.) A linnaean genus which included the moths in general.

Phalaenid (n.) Any moth of the family Phalaenidae, of which the cankerworms are examples; a geometrid.

Phalanger (n.) Any marsupial belonging to Phalangista, Cuscus, Petaurus, and other genera of the family Phalangistidae. They are arboreal, and the species of Petaurus are furnished with lateral parachutes. See Flying phalanger, under Flying.

Phalanges (n.) pl. of Phalanx.

Phalangid (n.) One of the Phalangoidea.

Phalangist (n.) Any arboreal marsupial of the genus Phalangista. The vulpine phalangist (P. vulpina) is the largest species, the full grown male being about two and a half feet long. It has a large bushy tail.

Phalangister (n.) Alt. of Phalangistine

Phalangistine (n.) Same as Phalangist.

Phalangite (n.) A soldier belonging to a phalanx.

Phalanstere (n.) A phalanstery.

Phalansterian (n.) One who favors the system of phalansteries proposed by Fourier.

Phalansterism (n.) Alt. of Phalansterianism

Phalansterianism (n.) A system of phalansteries proposed by Fourier; Fourierism.

Phalanstery (n.) An association or community organized on the plan of Fourier. See Fourierism.

Phalanstery (n.) The dwelling house of a Fourierite community.

Phalanx (n.) A body of heavy-armed infantry formed in ranks and files close and deep. There were several different arrangements, the phalanx varying in depth from four to twenty-five or more ranks of men.

Phalanx (n.) Any body of troops or men formed in close array, or any combination of people distinguished for firmness and solidity of a union.

Phalanx (n.) A Fourierite community; a phalanstery.

Phalanx (n.) One of the digital bones of the hand or foot, beyond the metacarpus or metatarsus; an internode.

Phalanx (n.) A group or bundle of stamens, as in polyadelphous flowers.

Phalarope (n.) Any species of Phalaropus and allied genera of small wading birds (Grallae), having lobate toes. They are often seen far from land, swimming in large flocks. Called also sea goose.

Phallicism (n.) See Phallism.

Phallism (n.) The worship of the generative principle in nature, symbolized by the phallus.

Phallus (n.) The emblem of the generative power in nature, carried in procession in the Bacchic orgies, or worshiped in various ways.

Phallus (n.) The penis or clitoris, or the embryonic or primitive organ from which either may be derived.

Phallus (n.) A genus of fungi which have a fetid and disgusting odor; the stinkhorn.

Phane (n.) See Fane.

Phantascope (n.) An optical instrument or toy, resembling the phenakistoscope, and illustrating the same principle; -- called also phantasmascope.

Phantasm (n.) An image formed by the mind, and supposed to be real or material; a shadowy or airy appearance; sometimes, an optical illusion; a phantom; a dream.

Phantasm (n.) A mental image or representation of a real object; a fancy; a notion.

Phantasma (n.) A phantasm.

Phantasmagoria (n.) An optical effect produced by a magic lantern. The figures are painted in transparent colors, and all the rest of the glass is opaque black. The screen is between the spectators and the instrument, and the figures are often made to appear as in motion, or to merge into one another.

Phantasmagoria (n.) The apparatus by which such an effect is produced.

Phantasmagoria (n.) Fig.: A medley of figures; illusive images.

Phantasmagory (n.) See Phantasmagoria.

Phantasmascope (n.) See Phantascope.

Phantasmatography (n.) A description of celestial phenomena, as rainbows, etc.

Phantasy (n.) See Fantasy, and Fancy.

Phantom (n.) That which has only an apparent existence; an apparition; a specter; a phantasm; a sprite; an airy spirit; an ideal image.

Pharaoh (n.) A title by which the sovereigns of ancient Egypt were designated.

Pharaoh (n.) See Faro.

Pharaon (n.) See Pharaoh, 2.

Phare (n.) A beacon tower; a lighthouse.

Phare (n.) Hence, a harbor.

Pharisaism (n.) The notions, doctrines, and conduct of the Pharisees, as a sect.

Pharisaism (n.) Rigid observance of external forms of religion, without genuine piety; hypocrisy in religion; a censorious, self-righteous spirit in matters of morals or manners.

Pharisee (n.) One of a sect or party among the Jews, noted for a strict and formal observance of rites and ceremonies and of the traditions of the elders, and whose pretensions to superior sanctity led them to separate themselves from the other Jews.

Phariseeism (n.) See Pharisaism.

Pharmaceutics (n.) The science of preparing medicines.

Pharmaceutist (n.) One skilled in pharmacy; a druggist. See the Note under Apothecary.

Pharmacist (n.) One skilled in pharmacy; a pharmaceutist; a druggist.

Pharmacodynamics (n.) That branch of pharmacology which considers the mode of action, and the effects, of medicines.

Pharmacognosis (n.) That branch of pharmacology which treats of unprepared medicines or simples; -- called also pharmacography, and pharmacomathy.

Pharmacognosy (n.) Pharmacognosis.

Pharmacography (n.) See Pharmacognosis.

Pharmacolite (n.) A hydrous arsenate of lime, usually occurring in silky fibers of a white or grayish color.

Pharmacologist (n.) One skilled in pharmacology.

Pharmacology (n.) Knowledge of drugs or medicines; the art of preparing medicines.

Pharmacology (n.) A treatise on the art of preparing medicines.

Pharmacomathy (n.) See Pharmacognosis.

Pharmacon (n.) A medicine or drug; also, a poison.

Pharmacopoeia (n.) A book or treatise describing the drugs, preparations, etc., used in medicine; especially, one that is issued by official authority and considered as an authoritative standard.

Pharmacopoeia (n.) A chemical laboratory.

Pharmacopolist (n.) One who sells medicines; an apothecary.

Pharmacosiderite (n.) A hydrous arsenate of iron occurring in green or yellowish green cubic crystals; cube ore.

Pharmacy (n.) The art or practice of preparing and preserving drugs, and of compounding and dispensing medicines according to prescriptions of physicians; the occupation of an apothecary or a pharmaceutical chemist.

Pharmacy (n.) A place where medicines are compounded; a drug store; an apothecary's shop.

Pharo (n.) A pharos; a lighthouse.

Pharo (n.) See Faro.

Pharology (n.) The art or science which treats of lighthouses and signal lights.

Pharos (n.) A lighthouse or beacon for the guidance of seamen.

Pharyngeal (n.) A pharyngeal bone or cartilage; especially, one of the lower pharyngeals, which belong to the rudimentary fifth branchial arch in many fishes, or one of the upper pharyngeals, or pharyngobranchials, which are the dorsal elements in the complete branchial arches.

Pharyngitis (n.) Inflammation of the pharynx.

Pharyngobranchial (n.) A pharyngobranchial, or upper pharyngeal, bone or cartilage.

Pharyngotome (n.) An instrument for incising or scarifying the tonsils, etc.

Pharyngotomy (n.) The operation of making an incision into the pharynx, to remove a tumor or anything that obstructs the passage.

Pharyngotomy (n.) Scarification or incision of the tonsils.

Pharynx (n.) The part of the alimentary canal between the cavity of the mouth and the esophagus. It has one or two external openings through the nose in the higher vertebrates, and lateral branchial openings in fishes and some amphibias.

Phascolome (n.) A marsupial of the genus Phascolomys; a wombat.

Phase (n.) That which is exhibited to the eye; the appearance which anything manifests, especially any one among different and varying appearances of the same object.

Phase (n.) Any appearance or aspect of an object of mental apprehension or view; as, the problem has many phases.

Phase (n.) A particular appearance or state in a regularly recurring cycle of changes with respect to quantity of illumination or form of enlightened disk; as, the phases of the moon or planets. See Illust. under Moon.

Phase (n.) Any one point or portion in a recurring series of changes, as in the changes of motion of one of the particles constituting a wave or vibration; one portion of a series of such changes, in distinction from a contrasted portion, as the portion on one side of a position of equilibrium, in contrast with that on the opposite side.

Phasel (n.) The French bean, or kidney bean.

Phaseolus (n.) A genus of leguminous plants, including the Lima bean, the kidney bean, the scarlet runner, etc. See Bean.

Phaseomannite (n.) Same as Inosite.

Phasis (n.) See Phase.

Phasm (n.) Alt. of Phasma

Phasma (n.) An apparition; a phantom; an appearance.

Phasmid (n.) Any orthopterous insect of the family Phasmidae, as a leaf insect or a stick insect.

Phassachate (n.) The lead-colored agate; -- so called in reference to its color.

Phatagin (n.) The long-tailed pangolin (Manis tetradactyla); -- called also ipi.

Pheasant (n.) Any one of numerous species of large gallinaceous birds of the genus Phasianus, and many other genera of the family Phasianidae, found chiefly in Asia.

Pheasant (n.) The ruffed grouse.

Pheasantry (n.) A place for keeping and rearing pheasants.

Phebe (n.) See Phoebe.

Pheer (n.) See 1st Fere.

Pheese (n.) Fretful excitement.

Phelloderm (n.) A layer of green parenchimatous cells formed on the inner side of the phellogen.

Phellogen (n.) The tissue of young cells which produces cork cells.

Phelloplastics (n.) Art of modeling in cork.

Phenacite (n.) A glassy colorless mineral occurring in rhombohedral crystals, sometimes used as a gem. It is a silicate of glucina, and receives its name from its deceptive similarity to quartz.

Phenakistoscope (n.) A revolving disk on which figures drawn in different relative attitudes are seen successively, so as to produce the appearance of an object in actual motion, as an animal leaping, etc., in consequence of the persistence of the successive visual impressions of the retina. It is often arranged so that the figures may be projected upon a screen.

Phenanthrene (n.) A complex hydrocarbon, C14H10, found in coal tar, and obtained as a white crystal

Phenanthridine (n.) A nitrogenous hydrocarbon base, C13H9N, analogous to phenanthrene and quino


Phene (n.) Benzene.

Phenetol (n.) The ethyl ether of phenol, obtained as an aromatic liquid, C6H5.O.C2H5.

Phenicine (n.) A purple powder precipitated when a sulphuric solution of indigo is diluted with water.

Phenicine (n.) A coloring matter produced by the action of a mixture of strong nitric and sulphuric acids on phenylic alcohol.

Phenicopter (n.) A flamingo.

Phenix (n.) A bird fabled to exist single, to be consumed by fire by its own act, and to rise again from its ashes. Hence, an emblem of immortality.

Phenix (n.) A southern constellation.

Phenix (n.) A marvelous person or thing.

Phenol (n.) A white or pinkish crystal

Phenol (n.) Any one of the series of hydroxyl derivatives of which phenol proper is the type.

Phenolate (n.) A compound of phenol analogous to a salt.

Phenomenalism (n.) That theory which limits positive or scientific knowledge to phenomena only, whether material or spiritual.

Phenomenist (n.) One who believes in the theory of phenomenalism.

Phenomenology (n.) A description, history, or explanation of phenomena.

Phenomenon (n.) An appearance; anything visible; whatever, in matter or spirit, is apparent to, or is apprehended by, observation; as, the phenomena of heat, light, or electricity; phenomena of imagination or memory.

Phenomenon (n.) That which strikes one as strange, unusual, or unaccountable; an extraordinary or very remarkable person, thing, or occurrence; as, a musical phenomenon.

Phenose (n.) A sweet amorphous deliquescent substance obtained indirectly from benzene, and isometric with, and resembling, dextrose.

Phenyl (n.) A hydrocarbon radical (C6H5) regarded as the essential residue of benzene, and the basis of an immense number of aromatic derivatives.

Phenylamine (n.) Any one of certain class of organic bases regarded as formed from ammonia by the substitution of phenyl for hydrogen.

Phenylene (n.) A hypothetic radical (C6H4) occurring in certain derivatives of benzene; as, phenylene diamine.

Pheon (n.) A bearing representing the head of a dart or javelin, with long barbs which are engrailed on the inner edge.

Phial (n.) A glass vessel or bottle, especially a small bottle for medicines; a vial.

Philabeg (n.) See Filibeg.

Philadelphian (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Philadelphia.

Philadelphian (n.) One of a society of mystics of the seventeenth century, -- called also the Family of Love.

Philalethist (n.) A lover of the truth.

Philander (n.) A lover.

Philander (n.) A South American opossum (Didelphys philander).

Philander (n.) An Australian bandicoot (Perameles lagotis).

Philanderer (n.) One who hangs about women; a male flirt.

Philanthrope (n.) A philanthropist.

Philanthropinism (n.) A system of education on so-called natural principles, attempted in Germany in the last century by Basedow, of Dessau.

Philanthropinist (n.) An advocate of, or believer in, philanthropinism.

Philanthropist (n.) One who practices philanthropy; one who loves mankind, and seeks to promote the good of others.

Philanthropy (n.) Love to mankind; benevolence toward the whole human family; universal good will; desire and readiness to do good to all men; -- opposed to misanthropy.

Philatelist (n.) One versed in philately; one who collects postage stamps.

Philately (n.) The collection of postage stamps of various issues.

Philatory (n.) A kind of transparent reliquary with an ornamental top.

Philauty (n.) Self-love; selfishness.

Philhellene (n.) A friend of Greece, or of the Greeks; a philhellenist.

Philhellenism (n.) Love of Greece.

Philhellenist (n.) A friend of Greece; one who supports the cause of the Greeks; particularly, one who supported them in their struggle for independence against the Turks; a philhellene.

Philibeg (n.) See Filibeg.

Philip (n.) The European hedge sparrow.

Philip (n.) The house sparrow. Called also phip.

Philippian (n.) A native or an inhabitant of Philippi.

Philippic (n.) Any one of the series of famous orations of Demosthenes, the Grecian orator, denouncing Philip, king of Macedon.

Philippic (n.) Hence: Any discourse or declamation abounding in acrimonious invective.

Philippium (n.) A rare and doubtful metallic element said to have been discovered in the mineral samarskite.

Philister (n.) A Philistine; -- a cant name given to townsmen by students in German universities.

Philistine (n.) A native or an inhabitant of ancient Philistia, a coast region of southern Palestine.

Philistine (n.) A bailiff.

Philistine (n.) A person deficient in liberal culture and refinement; one without appreciation of the nobler aspirations and sentiments of humanity; one whose scope is limited to selfish and material interests.

Philistinism (n.) The condition, character, aims, and habits of the class called Philistines. See Philistine, 3.

Phillipsite (n.) A hydrous silicate of aluminia, lime, and soda, a zeolitic mineral commonly occurring in complex twin crystals, often cruciform in shape; -- called also christianite.

Phillygenin (n.) A pearly crystal

Phillyrea (n.) A genus of evergreen plants growing along the shores of the Mediterranean, and breading a fruit resembling that of the olive.

Phillyrin (n.) A glucoside extracted from Phillyrea as a bitter white crystal

Philogynist (n.) A lover or friend of women; one who esteems woman as the higher type of humanity; -- opposed to misogynist.

Philogyny (n.) Fondness for women; uxoriousness; -- opposed to misogyny.

Philohellenian (n.) A philhellenist.

Philologer (n.) A philologist.

Philologian (n.) A philologist.

Philologist (n.) One versed in philology.

Philologue (n.) A philologist.

Philology (n.) Criticism; grammatical learning.

Philology (n.) The study of language, especially in a philosophical manner and as a science; the investigation of the laws of human speech, the relation of different tongues to one another, and historical development of languages; linguistic science.

Philology (n.) A treatise on the science of language.

Philomath (n.) A lover of learning; a scholar.

Philomathematic (n.) A philomath.

Philomathy (n.) The love of learning or letters.

Philomel (n.) Same as Philomela, the nightingale.

Philomela (n.) The nightingale; philomel.

Philomela (n.) A genus of birds including the nightingales.

Philomene (n.) The nightingale.

Philopena (n.) A present or gift which is made as a forfeit in a social game that is played in various ways; also, the game itself.

Philoprogenitiveness (n.) The love of offspring; fondness for children.

Philosophaster (n.) A pretender to philosophy.

Philosophation (n.) Philosophical speculation and discussion.

Philosophe (n.) A philosophaster; a philosopher.

Philosopheme (n.) A philosophical proposition, doctrine, or principle of reasoning.

Philosopher (n.) One who philosophizes; one versed in, or devoted to, philosophy.

Philosopher (n.) One who reduces the principles of philosophy to practice in the conduct of life; one who lives according to the rules of practical wisdom; one who meets or regards all vicissitudes with calmness.

Philosopher (n.) An alchemist.

Philosophism (n.) Spurious philosophy; the love or practice of sophistry.

Philosophist (n.) A pretender in philosophy.

Philosophizer (n.) One who philosophizes.

Philosophy (n.) Literally, the love of, including the search after, wisdom; in actual usage, the knowledge of phenomena as explained by, and resolved into, causes and reasons, powers and laws.

Philosophy (n.) A particular philosophical system or theory; the hypothesis by which particular phenomena are explained.

Philosophy (n.) Practical wisdom; calmness of temper and judgment; equanimity; fortitude; stoicism; as, to meet misfortune with philosophy.

Philosophy (n.) Reasoning; argumentation.

Philosophy (n.) The course of sciences read in the schools.

Philosophy (n.) A treatise on philosophy.

Philostorgy (n.) Natural affection, as of parents for their children.

Philter (n.) A potion or charm intended to excite the passion of love.

Phimosis (n.) A condition of the penis in which the prepuce can not be drawn back so as to uncover the glans penis.

Phitoness (n.) Pythoness; witch.

Phiz (n.) The face or visage.

Phlebitis (n.) Inflammation of a vein.

Phlebogram (n.) A tracing (with the sphygmograph) of the movements of a vein, or of the venous pulse.

Phlebolite (n.) Alt. of Phlebolith

Phlebolith (n.) A small calcareous concretion formed in a vein; a vein stone.

Phlebology (n.) A branch of anatomy which treats of the veins.

Phlebotomist (n.) One who practiced phlebotomy.

Phlebotomy (n.) The act or practice of opening a vein for letting blood, in the treatment of disease; venesection; bloodletting.

Phlegmagogue (n.) A medicine supposed to expel phlegm.

Phlegmasia (n.) An inflammation; more particularly, an inflammation of the internal organs.

Phlegmon (n.) Purulent inflammation of the cellular or areolar tissue.

Phleme (n.) See Fleam.

Phleum (n.) A genus of grasses, including the timothy (Phleum pratense), which is highly valued for hay; cat's-tail grass.

Phloem (n.) That portion of fibrovascular bundles which corresponds to the inner bark; the liber tissue; -- distinguished from xylem.

Phlogistian (n.) A believer in the existence of phlogiston.

Phlogistication (n.) The act or process of combining with phlogiston.

Phlogiston (n.) The hypothetical principle of fire, or inflammability, regarded by Stahl as a chemical element.

Phlogopite (n.) A kind of mica having generally a peculiar bronze-red or copperlike color and a pearly luster. It is a silicate of aluminia, with magnesia, potash, and some fluorine. It is characteristic of crystal

Phlogosis (n.) Inflammation of external parts of the body; erysipelatous inflammation.

Phlogotic (n.) Of or pertaining to phlogisis.

Phloramine (n.) A basic amido derivative of phloroglucin, having an astringent taste.

Phloretin (n.) A bitter white crystal

Phlorizin (n.) A bitter white crystal

Phloroglucin (n.) A sweet white crystal

Phlorol (n.) A liquid metameric with xylenol, belonging to the class of phenols, and obtained by distilling certain salts of phloretic acid.

Phlorone (n.) A yellow crystal

Phlox (n.) A genus of American herbs, having showy red, white, or purple flowers.

Phoca (n.) A genus of seals. It includes the common harbor seal and allied species. See Seal.

Phocacean (n.) Any species of Phoca; a seal.

Phocenin (n.) See Delphin.

Phocodont (n.) One of the Phocodontia.

Phoebe (n.) The pewee, or pewit.

Phoebus (n.) Apollo; the sun god.

Phoebus (n.) The sun.

Phoenician (n.) A native or inhabitant of Phoenica.

Phoenicopterus (n.) A genus of birds which includes the flamingoes.

Phoenix (n.) Same as Phenix.

Phoenix (n.) A genus of palms including the date tree.

Pholad (n.) Any species of Pholas.

Pholadean (n.) Pholad.

Pholas (n.) Any one of numerous species of marine bivalve mollusks of the genus Pholas, or family Pholadidae. They bore holes for themselves in clay, peat, and soft rocks.

Phonascetics (n.) Treatment for restoring or improving the voice.

Phonation (n.) The act or process by which articulate sounds are uttered; the utterance of articulate sounds; articulate speech.

Phonautograph (n.) An instrument by means of which a sound can be made to produce a visible trace or record of itself. It consists essentially of a resonant vessel, usually of paraboloidal form, closed at one end by a flexible membrane. A stylus attached to some point of the membrane records the movements of the latter, as it vibrates, upon a moving cylinder or plate.

Phoneidoscope (n.) An instrument for studying the motions of sounding bodies by optical means. It consists of a tube across the end of which is stretched a film of soap solution thin enough to give colored bands, the form and position of which are affected by sonorous vibrations.

Phonetician (n.) One versed in phonetics; a phonetist.

Phonetics (n.) The doctrine or science of sounds; especially those of the human voice; phonology.

Phonetics (n.) The art of representing vocal sounds by signs and written characters.

Phonetism (n.) The science which treats of vocal sounds.

Phonetist (n.) One versed in phonetics; a phonologist.

Phonetist (n.) One who advocates a phonetic spelling.

Phonetization (n.) The act, art, or process of representing sounds by phonetic signs.

Phonics (n.) See Phonetics.

Phono (n.) A South American butterfly (Ithonia phono) having nearly transparent wings.

Phonogram (n.) A letter, character, or mark used to represent a particular sound.

Phonogram (n.) A record of sounds made by a phonograph.

Phonograph (n.) A character or symbol used to represent a sound, esp. one used in phonography.

Phonograph (n.) An instrument for the mechanical registration and reproduction of audible sounds, as articulate speech, etc. It consists of a rotating cylinder or disk covered with some material easily indented, as tinfoil, wax, paraffin, etc., above which is a thin plate carrying a stylus. As the plate vibrates under the influence of a sound, the stylus makes minute indentations or undulations in the soft material, and these, when the cylinder or disk is again turned, set the plate in vibr>

Phonographer (n.) One versed or skilled in phonography.

Phonographer (n.) One who uses, or is skilled in the use of, the phonograph. See Phonograph, 2.

Phonographist (n.) Phonographer.

Phonography (n.) A description of the laws of the human voice, or sounds uttered by the organs of speech.

Phonography (n.) A representation of sounds by distinctive characters; commonly, a system of shorthand writing invented by Isaac Pitman, or a modification of his system, much used by reporters.

Phonography (n.) The art of constructing, or using, the phonograph.

Phonolite (n.) A compact, feldspathic, igneous rock containing nephelite, hauynite, etc. Thin slabs give a ringing sound when struck; -- called also clinkstone.

Phonologer (n.) A phonologist.

Phonologist (n.) One versed in phonology.

Phonology (n.) The science or doctrine of the elementary sounds uttered by the human voice in speech, including the various distinctions, modifications, and combinations of tones; phonetics. Also, a treatise on sounds.

Phonometer (n.) An instrument for measuring sounds, as to their intensity, or the frequency of the vibrations.

Phonomotor (n.) An instrument in which motion is produced by the vibrations of a sounding body.

Phonorganon (n.) A speaking machine.

Phonoscope (n.) An instrument for observing or exhibiting the motions or properties of sounding bodies; especially, an apparatus invented by Konig for testing the quality of musical strings.

Phonoscope (n.) An instrument for producing luminous figures by the vibrations of sounding bodies.

Phonotypr (n.) A type or character used in phonotypy.

Phonotypist (n.) One versed in phonotypy.

Phonotypy (n.) A method of phonetic printing of the English language, as devised by Mr. Pitman, in which nearly all the ordinary letters and many new forms are employed in order to indicate each elementary sound by a separate character.

Phorminx (n.) A kind of lyre used by the Greeks.

Phormium (n.) A genus of liliaceous plants, consisting of one species (Phormium tenax). See Flax-plant.

Phorone (n.) A yellow crystal

Phoronis (n.) A remarkable genus of marine worms having tentacles around the mouth. It is usually classed with the gephyreans. Its larva (Actinotrocha) undergoes a peculiar metamorphosis.

Phoronomia (n.) See Phoronomics.

Phoronomics (n.) The science of motion; kinematics.

Phosgenite (n.) A rare mineral occurring in tetragonal crystals of a white, yellow, or grayish color and adamantine luster. It is a chlorocarbonate of lead.

Phospham (n.) An inert amorphous white powder, PN2H, obtained by passing ammonia over heated phosphorus.

Phosphate (n.) A salt of phosphoric acid.

Phosphaturia (n.) The excessive discharge of phosphates in the urine.

Phosphene (n.) A luminous impression produced through excitation of the retina by some cause other than the impingement upon it of rays of light, as by pressure upon the eyeball when the lids are closed. Cf. After-image.

Phosphide (n.) A binary compound of phosphorus.

Phosphine (n.) A colorless gas, PH3, analogous to ammonia, and having a disagreeable odor resembling that of garlic. Called also hydrogen phosphide, and formerly, phosphureted hydrogen.

Phosphite (n.) A salt of phosphorous acid.

Phosphonium (n.) The hypothetical radical PH4, analogous to ammonium, and regarded as the nucleus of certain derivatives of phosphine.

Phosphor (n.) Phosphorus.

Phosphor (n.) The planet Venus, when appearing as the morning star; Lucifer.

Phosphor-bronze (n.) A variety of bronze possessing great hardness, elasticity, and toughness, obtained by melting copper with tin phosphide. It contains one or two per cent of phosphorus and from five to fifteen per cent of tin.

Phosphorescence (n.) The quality or state of being phosphorescent; or the act of phosphorescing.

Phosphorescence (n.) A phosphoric light.

Phosphorescent (n.) A phosphorescent substance.

Phosphorite (n.) A massive variety of apatite.

Phosphoroscope (n.) An apparatus for observing the phosphorescence produced in different bodies by the action of light, and for measuring its duration.

Phosphorus (n.) The morning star; Phosphor.

Phosphorus (n.) A poisonous nonmetallic element of the nitrogen group, obtained as a white, or yellowish, translucent waxy substance, having a characteristic disagreeable smell. It is very active chemically, must be preserved under water, and unites with oxygen even at ordinary temperatures, giving a faint glow, -- whence its name. It always occurs compined, usually in phosphates, as in the mineral apatite, in bones, etc. It is used in the composition on the tips of friction matches, and fo>

Phosphorus (n.) Hence, any substance which shines in the dark like phosphorus, as certain phosphorescent bodies.

Phosphoryl (n.) The radical PO, regarded as the typical nucleus of certain compounds.

Phosphuret (n.) A phosphide.

Photics (n.) The science of light; -- a general term sometimes employed when optics is restricted to light as a producing vision.

Photo (n.) A contraction of Photograph.

Photochemistry (n.) The branch of chemistry which relates to the effect of light in producing chemical changes, as in photography.

Photochromy (n.) The art or process of reproducing colors by photography.

Photodrome (n.) An apparatus consisting of a large wheel with spokes, which when turning very rapidly is illuminated by momentary flashes of light passing through slits in a rotating disk. By properly timing the succession of flashes the wheel is made to appear to be motionless, or to rotate more or less slowly in either direction.

Photo-electrotype (n.) An electrotype plate formed in a mold made by photographing on prepared gelatine, etc.

Photo-engraving (n.) The process of obtaining an etched or engraved plate from the photographic image, to be used in printing; also, a picture produced by such a process.

Photo-epinasty (n.) A disproportionately rapid growth of the upper surface of dorsiventral organs, such as leaves, through the stimulus of exposure to light.

Photogalvanography (n.) The art or process of making photo-electrotypes.

Photogen (n.) A light hydrocarbon oil resembling kerosene. It is obtained by distilling coal, paraffin, etc., and is used as a lubricant, illuminant, etc.

Photogene (n.) A photograph.

Photogene (n.) A more or less continued impression or image on the retina.

Photogeny (n.) See Photography.

Photoglyphy (n.) Photoglyphic engraving. See under Photoglyphic.

Photogram (n.) A photograph.

Photograph (n.) A picture or likeness obtained by photography.

Photographer (n.) One who practices, or is skilled in, photography.

Photographist (n.) A photographer.

Photographometer (n.) An instrument for determining the sensibility of the plates employed in photographic processes to luminous rays.

Photography (n.) The science which relates to the action of light on sensitive bodies in the production of pictures, the fixation of images, and the like.

Photography (n.) The art or process of producing pictures by this action of light.

Photogravure (n.) A photoengraving; also, the process by which such a picture is produced.

Photoheliograph (n.) A modified kind of telescope adapted to taking photographs of the sun.

Photolithograph (n.) A lithographic picture or copy from a stone prepared by the aid of photography.

Photolithographer (n.) One who practices, or one who employs, photolithography.

Photolithographic (n.) Of or pertaining to photolithography; produced by photolithography.

Photolithography (n.) The art or process of producing photolithographs.

Photologist (n.) One who studies or expounds the laws of light.

Photology (n.) The doctrine or science of light, explaining its nature and phenomena; optics.

Photomagnetism (n.) The branch of science which treats of the relation of magnetism to light.

Photometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the intensity of light, or, more especially, for comparing the relative intensities of different lights, or their relative illuminating power.

Photometrician (n.) One engaged in the scientific measurement of light.

Photometry (n.) That branch of science which treats of the measurement of the intensity of light.

Photomicrograph (n.) An enlarged or macroscopic photograph of a microscopic object. See Microphotograph.

Photomicrograph (n.) A microscopically small photograph of an object.

Photomicrography (n.) The art of producing photomicrographs.

Photophobia (n.) A dread or intolerance of light.

Photophone (n.) An apparatus for the production of sound by the action of rays of light.

Photophony (n.) The art or practice of using the photophone.

Photopsia (n.) An affection of the eye, in which the patient perceives luminous rays, flashes, coruscations, etc. See phosphene.

Photopsy (n.) Same as Photopsia.

Photorelief (n.) A printing surface in relief, obtained by photographic means and subsequent manipulations.

Photoscope (n.) Anything employed for the observation of light or luminous effects.

Photosculpture (n.) A process in which, by means of a number of photographs simultaneously taken from different points of view on the same level, rough models of the figure or bust of a person or animal may be made with great expedition.

Photosphere (n.) A sphere of light; esp., the luminous envelope of the sun.

Phototonus (n.) A motile condition in plants resulting from exposure to light.

Phototype (n.) A plate or block with a printing surface (usually in relief) obtained from a photograph; also, any one of the many methods of processes by which such a printing surface is obtained.

Phototypography (n.) Same as Phototypy.

Phototypy (n.) The art or process of producing phototypes.

Photoxylography (n.) The process of producing a representation of an object on wood, by photography, for the use of the wood engraver.

Photozincograph (n.) A print made by photozincography.

Photozincography (n.) A process, analogous to photolithography, for reproducing photographed impressions transferred to zinc plate.

Phragmocone (n.) The thin chambered shell attached to the anterior end of a belemnite.

Phragmosiphon (n.) The siphon of a phragmocone.

Phrase (n.) A brief expression, sometimes a single word, but usually two or more words forming an expression by themselves, or being a portion of a sentence; as, an adverbial phrase.

Phrase (n.) A short, pithy expression; especially, one which is often employed; a peculiar or idiomatic turn of speech; as, to err is human.

Phrase (n.) A mode or form of speech; the manner or style in which any one expreses himself; diction; expression.

Phrase (n.) A short clause or portion of a period.

Phraseogram (n.) A symbol for a phrase.

Phraseologist (n.) A collector or coiner of phrases.

Phraseology (n.) Manner of expression; peculiarity of diction; style.

Phraseology (n.) A collection of phrases; a phrase book.

Phrasing (n.) Method of expression; association of words.

Phrasing (n.) The act or method of grouping the notes so as to form distinct musical phrases.

Phratry (n.) A subdivision of a phyle, or tribe, in Athens.

Phrenetic (n.) One who is phrenetic.

Phrenics (n.) That branch of science which relates to the mind; mental philosophy.

Phrenism (n.) See Vital force, under Vital.

Phrenitis (n.) Inflammation of the brain, or of the meninges of the brain, attended with acute fever and delirium; -- called also cephalitis.

Phrenitis (n.) See Frenzy.

Phrenograph (n.) An instrument for registering the movements of the diaphragm, or midriff, in respiration.

Phrenologer (n.) A phrenologist.

Phrenologist (n.) One versed in phrenology; a craniologist.

Phrenology (n.) The science of the special functions of the several parts of the brain, or of the supposed connection between the various faculties of the mind and particular organs in the brain.

Phrenology (n.) In popular usage, the physiological hypothesis of Gall, that the mental faculties, and traits of character, are shown on the surface of the head or skull; craniology.

Phrenomagnetism (n.) The power of exciting the organs of the brain by magnetic or mesmeric influence.

Phrenosin (n.) A nitrogenous body, related to cerebrin, supposed to exist in the brain.

Phrensy (n.) Violent and irrational excitement; delirium. See Frenzy.

Phryganeid (n.) Any insect belonging to the Phryganeides.

Phrygian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Phrygia.

Phrygian (n.) A Montanist.

Phthalate (n.) A salt of phthalic acid.

Phthalein (n.) One of a series of artificial organic dyes made as condensation products of the phenols with phthalic acid, and well represented by phenol phthalein. Their alka

Phthalide (n.) A lactone obtained by reduction of phthalyl chloride, as a white crystal

Phthalimide (n.) An imido derivative of phthalic acid, obtained as a white crystal

Phthalin (n.) A colorless crystal

Phthalyl (n.) The hypothetical radical of phthalic acid.

Phthiriasis (n.) A disease (morbus pediculous) consisting in the excessive multiplication of lice on the human body.

Phthisic (n.) Same as Phthisis.

Phthisiology (n.) A treatise on phthisis.

Phthisipneumonia (n.) Alt. of Phthisipneumony

Phthisipneumony (n.) Pulmonary consumption.

Phthisis (n.) A wasting or consumption of the tissues. The term was formerly applied to many wasting diseases, but is now usually restricted to pulmonary phthisis, or consumption. See Consumption.

Phthongal (n.) A vocalized element or letter.

Phthongometer (n.) An instrument for measuring vocal sounds.

Phthor (n.) Fluorine.

Phycite (n.) See Erythrite, 1.

Phycochrome (n.) A bluish green coloring matter of certain algae.

Phycocyanin (n.) Alt. of Phycocyanine

Phycocyanine (n.) A blue coloring matter found in certain algae.

Phycoerythrin (n.) Alt. of Phycoerythrine

Phycoerythrine (n.) A red coloring matter found in algae of the subclass Florideae.

Phycography (n.) A description of seaweeds.

Phycology (n.) The science of algae, or seaweeds; algology.

Phycomater (n.) A gelatin in which the algae spores have been supposed to vegetate.

Phycophaeine (n.) A brown coloring matter found in certain algae.

Phycoxanthin (n.) Alt. of Phycoxanthine

Phycoxanthine (n.) A yellowish coloring matter found in certain algae.

Phylacter (n.) A phylactery.

Phylactery (n.) Any charm or amulet worn as a preservative from danger or disease.

Phylactery (n.) A small square box, made either of parchment or of black calfskin, containing slips of parchment or vellum on which are written the scriptural passages Exodus xiii. 2-10, and 11-17, Deut. vi. 4-9, 13-22. They are worn by Jews on the head and left arm, on week-day mornings, during the time of prayer.

Phylactery (n.) Among the primitive Christians, a case in which the relics of the dead were inclosed.

Phylactocarp (n.) A branch of a plumularian hydroid specially modified in structure for the protection of the gonothecae.

Phylarch (n.) The chief of a phyle, or tribe.

Phylarchy (n.) The office of a phylarch; government of a class or tribe.

Phyle (n.) A local division of the people in ancient Athens; a clan; a tribe.

Phyllite (n.) A mineral related to ottrelite.

Phyllite (n.) Clay slate; argillaceous schist.

Phyllobranchia (n.) A crustacean gill composed of lamellae.

Phyllocladium (n.) A flattened stem or branch which more or less resembles a leaf, and performs the function of a leaf as regards respiration and assimilation.

Phyllocyanin (n.) A blue coloring matter extracted from chlorophyll.

Phyllocyst (n.) The cavity of a hydrophyllium.

Phyllode (n.) Same as Phyllodium.

Phyllodium (n.) A petiole dilated into the form of a blade, and usually with vertical edges, as in the Australian acacias.

Phyllody (n.) A retrograde metamorphosis of the floral organs to the condition of leaves.

Phyllomania (n.) An abnormal or excessive production of leaves.

Phyllome (n.) A foliar part of a plant; any organ homologous with a leaf, or produced by metamorphosis of a leaf.

Phyllomorphosis (n.) The succession and variation of leaves during different seasons.

Phyllophagan (n.) One of a group of marsupials including the phalangists.

Phyllophagan (n.) One of a tribe of beetles which feed upon the leaves of plants, as the chafers.

Phyllopod (n.) One of the Phyllopoda. [Also used adjectively.]

Phyllosoma (n.) The larva of the spiny lobsters (Palinurus and allied genera). Its body is remarkably thin, flat, and transparent; the legs are very long. Called also glass-crab, and glass-shrimp.

Phyllostome (n.) Any bat of the genus Phyllostoma, or allied genera, having large membranes around the mouth and nose; a nose-leaf bat.

Phylloltomid (n.) A phyllostome.

Phyllotaxy (n.) Alt. of Phyllotaxis

Phyllotaxis (n.) The order or arrangement of leaves on the stem; the science of the relative position of leaves.

Phylloxanthin (n.) A yellow coloring matter extracted from chlorophyll.

Phylloxera (n.) A small hemipterous insect (Phylloxera vastatrix) allied to the aphids. It attacks the roots and leaves of the grapevine, doing great damage, especially in Europe.

Phylloxera (n.) The diseased condition of a vine caused by the insect just described.

Phylogenesis (n.) Alt. of Phylogeny

Phylogeny (n.) The history of genealogical development; the race history of an animal or vegetable type; the historic exolution of the phylon or tribe, in distinction from ontogeny, or the development of the individual organism, and from biogenesis, or life development generally.

Phylon (n.) A tribe.

Phylum (n.) One of the larger divisions of the animal kingdom; a branch; a grand division.

Phyma (n.) A tubercle on any external part of the body.

Physa (n.) A genus of fresh-water Pulmonifera, having reversed spiral shells. See Pond snail, under Pond.

Physalia (n.) A genus of large oceanic Siphonophora which includes the Portuguese man-of-war.

Physeter (n.) The genus that includes the sperm whale.

Physeter (n.) A filtering machine operated by air pressure.

Physianthropy (n.) The philosophy of human life, or the doctrine of the constitution and diseases of man, and their remedies.

Physic (n.) The art of healing diseases; the science of medicine; the theory or practice of medicine.

Physic (n.) A specific internal application for the cure or relief of sickness; a remedy for disease; a medicine.

Physic (n.) Specifically, a medicine that purges; a cathartic.

Physic (n.) A physician.

Physician (n.) A person skilled in physic, or the art of healing; one duty authorized to prescribe remedies for, and treat, diseases; a doctor of medicine.

Physician (n.) Hence, figuratively, one who ministers to moral diseases; as, a physician of the soul.

Physicism (n.) The tendency of the mind toward, or its preoccupation with, physical phenomena; materialism in philosophy and religion.

Physicist (n.) One versed in physics.

Physicist (n.) A believer in the theory that the fundamental phenomena of life are to be explained upon purely chemical and physical principles; -- opposed to vitalist.

Physicologic (n.) Logic illustrated by physics.

Physicology (n.) Physics.

Physico-mathematics (n.) Mixed mathematics.

Physico-philosophy (n.) The philosophy of nature.

Physico-theology (n.) Theology or divinity illustrated or enforced by physics or natural philosophy.

Physics (n.) The science of nature, or of natural objects; that branch of science which treats of the laws and properties of matter, and the forces acting upon it; especially, that department of natural science which treats of the causes (as gravitation, heat, light, magnetism, electricity, etc.) that modify the general properties of bodies; natural philosophy.

Physiocrat (n.) One of the followers of Quesnay of France, who, in the 18th century, founded a system of political economy based upon the supremacy of natural order.

Physiogeny (n.) The germ history of the functions, or the history of the development of vital activities, in the individual, being one of the branches of ontogeny. See Morphogeny.

Physiognomer (n.) Physiognomist.

Physiognomist (n.) Same as Physiognomy, 1.

Physiognomist (n.) One skilled in physiognomy.

Physiognomist (n.) One who tells fortunes by physiognomy.

Physiognomy (n.) The art and science of discovering the predominant temper, and other characteristic qualities of the mind, by the outward appearance, especially by the features of the face.

Physiognomy (n.) The face or countenance, with respect to the temper of the mind; particular configuration, cast, or expression of countenance, as denoting character.

Physiognomy (n.) The art telling fortunes by inspection of the features.

Physiognomy (n.) The general appearance or aspect of a thing, without reference to its scientific characteristics; as, the physiognomy of a plant, or of a meteor.

Physiogony (n.) The birth of nature.

Physiography (n.) The science which treats of the earth's exterior physical features, climate, life, etc., and of the physical movements or changes on the earth's surface, as the currents of the atmosphere and ocean, the secular variations in heat, moisture, magnetism, etc.; physical geography.

Physiolatry (n.) The worship of the powers or agencies of nature; materialism in religion; nature worship.

Physiologer (n.) A physiologist.

Physiologist (n.) One who is versed in the science of physiology; a student of the properties and functions of animal and vegetable organs and tissues.

Physiology (n.) The science which treats of the phenomena of living organisms; the study of the processes incidental to, and characteristic of, life.

Physiology (n.) A treatise on physiology.

Physiophyly (n.) The tribal history of the functions, or the history of the paleontological development of vital activities, -- being a branch of phylogeny. See Morphophyly.

Physique (n.) The natural constitution, or physical structure, of a person.

Physnomy (n.) Physiogmony.

Physoclist (n.) One of the Physoclisti.

Physograde (n.) Any siphonophore which has an air sac for a float, as the Physalia.

Physopod (n.) One of the Physopoda; a thrips.

Physostigmine (n.) An alkaloid found in the Calabar bean (the seed of Physostigma venenosum), and extracted as a white, tasteless, substance, amorphous or crystal

Phytelephas (n.) A genus of South American palm trees, the seeds of which furnish the substance called vegetable ivory.

Phytochemistry (n.) Chemistry in its relation to vegetable bodies; vegetable chemistry.

Phytochimy (n.) Phytochemistry.

Phytogenesis (n.) Alt. of Phytogeny

Phytogeny (n.) The doctrine of the generation of plants.

Phytogeography (n.) The geographical distribution of plants.

Phytoglyphy (n.) See Nature printing, under Nature.

Phytography (n.) The science of describing plants in a systematic manner; also, a description of plants.

Phytolacca (n.) A genus of herbaceous plants, some of them having berries which abound in intensely red juice; poke, or pokeweed.

Phytolite (n.) An old name for a fossil plant.

Phytolithologist (n.) One versed in phytolithology; a paleobotanist.

Phytolithology (n.) The branch of science which treats of fossil plants; -- usually called paleobotany, sometimes paleophytology.

Phytologist (n.) One skilled in phytology; a writer on plants; a botanist.

Phytology (n.) The science of plants; a description of the kinds and properties of plants; botany.

Phytomer (n.) Alt. of Phytomeron

Phytomeron (n.) An organic element of a flowering plant; a phyton.

Phyton (n.) One of the parts which by their repetition make up a flowering plant, each being a single joint of a stem with its leaf or leaves; a phytomer.

Phytonomy (n.) The science of the origin and growth of plants.

Phytopathologist (n.) One skilled in diseases of plants.

Phytopathology (n.) The science of diseases to which plants are liable.

Phytophagy (n.) The eating of plants.

Phytophysiology (n.) Vegetable physiology.

Phytotomist (n.) One versed in phytotomy.

Phytotomy (n.) The dissection of plants; vegetable anatomy.

Phytozoon (n.) A plantlike animal. The term is sometimes applied to zoophytes.

Phyz (n.) See Phiz.

Pi (n.) A mass of type confusedly mixed or unsorted.

Piacaba (n.) See Piassava.

Piacle (n.) A heinous offense which requires expiation.

Piacularity (n.) The quality or state of being piacular; criminality; wickedness.

Pian (n.) The yaws. See Yaws.

Pianet (n.) The magpie.

Pianet (n.) The lesser woodpecker.

Pianette (n.) A small piano; a pianino.

Pianino (n.) A pianette, or small piano.

Pianist (n.) A performer, esp. a skilled performer, on the piano.

Pianograph (n.) A form of melodiograph applied to a piano.

Piapec (n.) A West African pie (Ptilostomus Senegalensis).

Piarist (n.) One of a religious order who are the regular clerks of the Scuole Pie (religious schools), an institute of secondary education, founded at Rome in the last years of the 16th century.

Piassava (n.) A fibrous product of two Brazilian palm trees (Attalea funifera and Leopoldinia Piassaba), -- used in making brooms, and for other purposes. Called also piacaba and piasaba.

Piaster (n.) A silver coin of Spain and various other countries. See Peso. The Spanish piaster (commonly called peso, or peso duro) is of about the value of the American dollar. The Italian piaster, or scudo, was worth from 80 to 100 cents. The Turkish and Egyptian piasters are now worth about four and a half cents.

Piastre (n.) See Piaster.

Piation (n.) The act of making atonement; expiation.

Piazza (n.) An open square in a European town, especially an Italian town; hence (Arch.), an arcaded and roofed gallery; a portico. In the United States the word is popularly applied to a veranda.

Pibcorn (n.) A wind instrument or pipe, with a horn at each end, -- used in Wales.

Pibroch (n.) A Highland air, suited to the particular passion which the musician would either excite or assuage; generally applied to those airs that are played on the bagpipe before the Highlanders when they go out to battle.

Pic (n.) A Turkish cloth measure, varying from 18 to 28 inches.

Pica (n.) The genus that includes the magpies.

Pica (n.) A vitiated appetite that craves what is unfit for food, as chalk, ashes, coal, etc.; chthonophagia.

Pica (n.) A service-book. See Pie.

Pica (n.) A size of type next larger than small pica, and smaller than English.

Picador (n.) A horseman armed with a lance, who in a bullfight receives the first attack of the bull, and excites him by picking him without attempting to kill him.

Picamar (n.) An oily liquid hydrocarbon extracted from the creosote of beechwood tar. It consists essentially of certain derivatives of pyrogallol.

Picapare (n.) The finfoot.

Picard (n.) One of a sect of Adamites in the fifteenth century; -- so called from one Picard of Flanders. See Adamite.

Picarian (n.) One of the Picariae.

Picaroon (n.) One who plunders; especially, a plunderer of wrecks; a pirate; a corsair; a marauder; a sharper.

Picayune (n.) A small coin of the value of six and a quarter cents. See Fippenny bit.

Piccadil (n.) Alt. of Piccadilly

Piccadilly (n.) A high, stiff collar for the neck; also, a hem or band about the skirt of a garment, -- worn by men in the 17th century.

Piccage (n.) Money paid at fairs for leave to break ground for booths.

Piccalilli (n.) A pickle of various vegetables with pungent species, -- originally made in the East Indies.

Piccolo (n.) A small, shrill flute, the pitch of which is an octave higher than the ordinary flute; an octave flute.

Piccolo (n.) A small upright piano.

Piccolo (n.) An organ stop, with a high, piercing tone.

Pice (n.) A small copper coin of the East Indies, worth less than a cent.

Picea (n.) A genus of coniferous trees of the northen hemisphere, including the Norway spruce and the American black and white spruces. These trees have pendent cones, which do not readily fall to pieces, in this and other respects differing from the firs.

Picene (n.) A hydrocarbon (C/H/) extracted from the pitchy residue of coal tar and petroleum as a bluish fluorescent crystal

Pichey (n.) A Brazilian armadillo (Dasypus minutus); the little armadillo.

Pichiciago (n.) A small, burrowing, South American edentate (Chlamyphorus truncatus), allied to the armadillos. The shell is attached only along the back.

Pick (n.) A sharp-pointed tool for picking; -- often used in composition; as, a toothpick; a picklock.

Pick (n.) A heavy iron tool, curved and sometimes pointed at both ends, wielded by means of a wooden handle inserted in the middle, -- used by quarrymen, roadmakers, etc.; also, a pointed hammer used for dressing millstones.

Pick (n.) A pike or spike; the sharp point fixed in the center of a buckler.

Pick (n.) Choice; right of selection; as, to have one's pick.

Pick (n.) That which would be picked or chosen first; the best; as, the pick of the flock.

Pick (n.) A particle of ink or paper imbedded in the hollow of a letter, filling up its face, and occasioning a spot on a printed sheet.

Pick (n.) That which is picked in, as with a pointed pencil, to correct an unevenness in a picture.

Pick (n.) The blow which drives the shuttle, -- the rate of speed of a loom being reckoned as so many picks per minute; hence, in describing the fineness of a fabric, a weft thread; as, so many picks to an inch.

Pickaninny (n.) A small child; especially, a negro or mulatto infant.

Pickax (n.) Alt. of Pickaxe

Pickaxe (n.) A pick with a point at one end, a transverse edge or blade at the other, and a handle inserted at the middle; a hammer with a flattened end for driving wedges and a pointed end for piercing as it strikes.

Pickedness (n.) The state of being sharpened; pointedness.

Pickedness (n.) Fineness; spruceness; smartness.

Pickeerer (n.) One who pickeers.

Picker (n.) One who, or that which, picks, in any sense, -- as, one who uses a pick; one who gathers; a thief; a pick; a pickax; as, a cotton picker.

Picker (n.) A machine for picking fibrous materials to pieces so as to loosen and separate the fiber.

Picker (n.) The piece in a loom which strikes the end of the shuttle, and impels it through the warp.

Picker (n.) A priming wire for cleaning the vent.

Pickerel (n.) A young or small pike.

Pickerel (n.) Any one of several species of freshwater fishes of the genus Esox, esp. the smaller species.

Pickerel (n.) The glasseye, or wall-eyed pike. See Wall-eye.

Pickering (n.) The sauger of the St.Lawrence River.

Pickery (n.) Petty theft.

Picket (n.) A stake sharpened or pointed, especially one used in fortification and encampments, to mark bounds and angles; or one used for tethering horses.

Picket (n.) A pointed pale, used in marking fences.

Picket (n.) A detached body of troops serving to guard an army from surprise, and to oppose reconnoitering parties of the enemy; -- called also outlying picket.

Picket (n.) By extension, men appointed by a trades union, or other labor organization, to intercept outsiders, and prevent them from working for employers with whom the organization is at variance.

Picket (n.) A military punishment, formerly resorted to, in which the offender was forced to stand with one foot on a pointed stake.

Picket (n.) A game at cards. See Piquet.

Picketee (n.) See Picotee.

Pick-fault (n.) One who seeks out faults.

Picking (n.) The act of digging or breaking up, as with a pick.

Picking (n.) The act of choosing, plucking, or gathering.

Picking (n.) That which is, or may be, picked or gleaned.

Picking (n.) Pilfering; also, that which is pilfered.

Picking (n.) The pulverized shells of oysters used in making walks.

Picking (n.) Rough sorting of ore.

Picking (n.) Overburned bricks.

Pickle (n.) See Picle.

Pickle-herring (n.) A herring preserved in brine; a pickled herring.

Pickle-herring (n.) A merry-andrew; a buffoon.

Pickler (n.) One who makes pickles.

Picklock (n.) An instrument for picking locks.

Picklock (n.) One who picks locks; a thief.

Pickmire (n.) The pewit, or black-headed gull.

Picknick (n.) See Picnic.

Pickpenny (n.) A miser; also, a sharper.

Pickpocket (n.) One who steals purses or other articles from pockets.

Pickpurse (n.) One who steals purses, or money from purses.

Picksy (n.) See Pixy.

Pickthank (n.) One who strives to put another under obligation; an officious person; hence, a flatterer. Used also adjectively.

Picktooth (n.) A toothpick.

Picke (n.) A small piece of land inclosed with a hedge; a close.

Picnicker (n.) One who takes part in a picnic.


Picotee (n.) Alt. of Picotine

Picotine (n.) A variety of carnation having petals of a light color variously dotted and spotted at the edges.

Picquet (n.) See Piquet.

Picra (n.) The powder of aloes with canella, formerly officinal, employed as a cathartic.

Picrate (n.) A salt of picric acid.

Picrite (n.) A dark green igneous rock, consisting largely of chrysolite, with hornblende, augite, biotite, etc.

Picrolite (n.) A fibrous variety of serpentine.

Picromel (n.) A colorless viscous substance having a bitter-sweet taste.

Picrotoxin (n.) A bitter white crystal

Picryl (n.) The hypothetical radical of picric acid, analogous to phenyl.

Pictograph (n.) A picture or hieroglyph representing and expressing an idea.

Pictura (n.) Pattern of coloration.

Pictural (n.) A picture.

Picture (n.) The art of painting; representation by painting.

Picture (n.) A representation of anything (as a person, a landscape, a building) upon canvas, paper, or other surface, produced by means of painting, drawing, engraving, photography, etc.; a representation in colors. By extension, a figure; a model.

Picture (n.) An image or resemblance; a representation, either to the eye or to the mind; that which, by its likeness, brings vividly to mind some other thing; as, a child is the picture of his father; the man is the picture of grief.

Picturer (n.) One who makes pictures; a painter.

Picul (n.) A commercial weight varying in different countries and for different commodities. In Borneo it is 135/ lbs.; in China and Sumatra, 133/ lbs.; in Japan, 133/ lbs.; but sometimes 130 lbs., etc. Called also, by the Chinese, tan.

Piculet (n.) Any species of very small woodpeckers of the genus Picumnus and allied genera. Their tail feathers are not stiff and sharp at the tips, as in ordinary woodpeckers.

Picus (n.) A genus of woodpeckers, including some of the common American and European species.

Piddler (n.) One who piddles.

Piddock (n.) Any species of Pholas; a pholad. See Pholas.

Pie (n.) An article of food consisting of paste baked with something in it or under it; as, chicken pie; venison pie; mince pie; apple pie; pumpkin pie.

Pie (n.) See Camp, n., 5.

Pie (n.) A magpie.

Pie (n.) Any other species of the genus Pica, and of several allied genera.

Pie (n.) The service book.

Pie (n.) Type confusedly mixed. See Pi.

Piece (n.) A fragment or part of anything separated from the whole, in any manner, as by cutting, splitting, breaking, or tearing; a part; a portion; as, a piece of sugar; to break in pieces.

Piece (n.) A definite portion or quantity, as of goods or work; as, a piece of broadcloth; a piece of wall paper.

Piece (n.) Any one thing conceived of as apart from other things of the same kind; an individual article; a distinct single effort of a series; a definite performance

Piece (n.) A literary or artistic composition; as, a piece of poetry, music, or statuary.

Piece (n.) A musket, gun, or cannon; as, a battery of six pieces; a following piece.

Piece (n.) A coin; as, a sixpenny piece; -- formerly applied specifically to an English gold coin worth 22 shillings.

Piece (n.) A fact; an item; as, a piece of news; a piece of knowledge.

Piece (n.) An individual; -- applied to a person as being of a certain nature or quality; often, but not always, used slightingly or in contempt.

Piece (n.) One of the superior men, distinguished from a pawn.

Piece (n.) A castle; a fortified building.

Piecemeal (n.) A fragment; a scrap.

Piecener (n.) One who supplies rolls of wool to the slubbing machine in woolen mills.

Piecener (n.) Same as Piecer, 2.

Piecer (n.) One who pieces; a patcher.

Piecer (n.) A child employed in spinning mill to tie together broken threads.

Piecework (n.) Work done by the piece or job; work paid for at a rate based on the amount of work done, rather than on the time employed.

Piedmontite (n.) A manganesian kind of epidote, from Piedmont. See Epidote.

Piedness (n.) The state of being pied.

Piedouche (n.) A pedestal of small size, used to support small objects, as busts, vases, and the like.

Piedstall (n.) See Pedestal.

Pieman (n.) A man who makes or sells pies.

Piend (n.) See Peen.

Pieplant (n.) A plant (Rheum Rhaponticum) the leafstalks of which are acid, and are used in making pies; the garden rhubarb.

Piepoudre (n.) Alt. of Piepowder

Piepowder (n.) An ancient court of record in England, formerly incident to every fair and market, of which the steward of him who owned or had the toll was the judge.

Pier (n.) Any detached mass of masonry, whether insulated or supporting one side of an arch or lintel, as of a bridge; the piece of wall between two openings.

Pier (n.) Any additional or auxiliary mass of masonry used to stiffen a wall. See Buttress.

Pier (n.) A projecting wharf or landing place.

Pierage (n.) Same as Wharfage.

Piercel (n.) A kind of gimlet for making vents in casks; -- called also piercer.

Piercer (n.) One who, or that which, pierces or perforates

Piercer (n.) An instrument used in forming eyelets; a stiletto.

Piercer (n.) A piercel.

Piercer (n.) The ovipositor, or sting, of an insect.

Piercer (n.) An insect provided with an ovipositor.

Pierid (n.) Any butterfly of the genus Pieris and related genera. See Cabbage butterfly, under Cabbage.

Piet (n.) The dipper, or water ouzel.

Piet (n.) The magpie.

Pieta (n.) A representation of the dead Christ, attended by the Virgin Mary or by holy women and angels.

Pietism (n.) The principle or practice of the Pietists.

Pietism (n.) Strict devotion; also, affectation of devotion.

Pietist (n.) One of a class of religious reformers in Germany in the 17th century who sought to revive declining piety in the Protestant churches; -- often applied as a term of reproach to those who make a display of religious feeling. Also used adjectively.

Piety (n.) Veneration or reverence of the Supreme Being, and love of his character; loving obedience to the will of God, and earnest devotion to his service.

Piety (n.) Duty; dutifulness; filial reverence and devotion; affectionate reverence and service shown toward parents, relatives, benefactors, country, etc.

Piewipe (n.) The lapwing, or pewit.

Piezometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the compressibility of liquids.

Piezometer (n.) A gauge connected with a water main to show the pressure at that point.

Piffero (n.) Alt. of Piffara

Piffara (n.) A fife; also, a rude kind of oboe or a bagpipe with an inflated skin for reservoir.

Pig (n.) A piggin.

Pig (n.) The young of swine, male or female; also, any swine; a hog.

Pig (n.) Any wild species of the genus Sus and related genera.

Pig (n.) An oblong mass of cast iron, lead, or other metal. See Mine pig, under Mine.

Pig (n.) One who is hoggish; a greedy person.

Pigeon (n.) Any bird of the order Columbae, of which numerous species occur in nearly all parts of the world.

Pigeon (n.) An unsuspected victim of sharpers; a gull.

Pigeonfoot (n.) The dove's-foot geranium (Geranium molle).

Pigeonhole (n.) A small compartment in a desk or case for the keeping of letters, documents, etc.; -- so called from the resemblance of a row of them to the compartments in a dovecote.

Pigeonry (n.) A place for pigeons; a dovecote.

Pigfish (n.) Any one of several species of salt-water grunts; -- called also hogfish.

Pigfish (n.) A sculpin. The name is also applied locally to several other fishes.

Pigfoot (n.) A marine fish (Scorpaena porcus), native of Europe. It is reddish brown, mottled with dark brown and black.

Pigg (n.) A piggin. See 1st Pig.

Piggery (n.) A place where swine are kept.

Piggin (n.) A small wooden pail or tub with an upright stave for a handle, -- often used as a dipper.

Pightel (n.) A small inclosure.

Pigment (n.) Any material from which a dye, a paint, or the like, may be prepared; particularly, the refined and purified coloring matter ready for mixing with an appropriate vehicle.

Pigment (n.) Any one of the colored substances found in animal and vegetable tissues and fluids, as bilirubin, urobilin, chlorophyll, etc.

Pigment (n.) Wine flavored with species and honey.

Pigmentation (n.) A deposition, esp. an excessive deposition, of coloring matter; as, pigmentation of the liver.

Pigmy (n.) See Pygmy.

Pignoration (n.) The act of pledging or pawning.

Pignoration (n.) The taking of cattle doing damage, by way of pledge, till satisfaction is made.

Pignus (n.) A pledge or pawn.

Pignut (n.) See Groundnut (d).

Pignut (n.) The bitter-flavored nut of a species of hickory (Carya glabra, / porcina); also, the tree itself.

Pigpen (n.) A pen, or sty, for pigs.

Pigskin (n.) The skin of a pig, -- used chiefly for making saddles; hence, a colloquial or slang term for a saddle.

Pigsney (n.) A word of endearment for a girl or woman.

Pig-sticking (n.) Boar hunting; -- so called by Anglo-Indians.

Pigsty (n.) A pigpen.

Pigtail (n.) The tail of a pig.

Pigtail (n.) A cue, or queue.

Pigtail (n.) A kind of twisted chewing tobacco.

Pigweed (n.) A name of several annual weeds. See Goosefoot, and Lamb's-quarters.

Pigwidgeon (n.) A cant word for anything petty or small. It is used by Drayton as the name of a fairy.

Pika (n.) Any one of several species of rodents of the genus Lagomys, resembling small tailless rabbits. They inhabit the high mountains of Asia and America. Called also calling hare, and crying hare. See Chief hare.

Pike-devant (n.) A pointed beard.

Pikelet (n.) Alt. of Pikelin

Pikelin (n.) A light, thin cake or muffin.

Pikeman (n.) A soldier armed with a pike.

Pikeman (n.) A miner who works with a pick.

Pikeman (n.) A keeper of a turnpike gate.

Pikestaff (n.) The staff, or shaft, of a pike.

Pikestaff (n.) A staff with a spike in the lower end, to guard against slipping.

Piketail (n.) See Pintail, 1.

Pikrolite (n.) See Picrolite.

Pilage (n.) See Pelage.

Pilaster (n.) An upright architectural member right-angled in plan, constructionally a pier (See Pier, 1 (b)), but architecturally corresponding to a column, having capital, shaft, and base to agree with those of the columns of the same order. In most cases the projection from the wall is one third of its width, or less.

Pilau (n.) See Pillau.

Pilch (n.) A gown or case of skin, or one trimmed or

Pilchard (n.) A small European food fish (Clupea pilchardus) resembling the herring, but thicker and rounder. It is sometimes taken in great numbers on the coast of England.

Pilcher (n.) A scabbard, as of a sword.

Pilcher (n.) The pilchard.

Pilcrow (n.) a paragraph mark, /.

Pile (n.) A hair; hence, the fiber of wool, cotton, and the like; also, the nap when thick or heavy, as of carpeting and velvet.

Pile (n.) A covering of hair or fur.

Pile (n.) The head of an arrow or spear.

Pile (n.) A large stake, or piece of timber, pointed and driven into the earth, as at the bottom of a river, or in a harbor where the ground is soft, for the support of a building, a pier, or other superstructure, or to form a cofferdam, etc.

Pile (n.) One of the ordinaries or subordinaries having the form of a wedge, usually placed palewise, with the broadest end uppermost.

Pile (n.) A mass of things heaped together; a heap; as, a pile of stones; a pile of wood.

Pile (n.) A mass formed in layers; as, a pile of shot.

Pile (n.) A funeral pile; a pyre.

Pile (n.) A large building, or mass of buildings.

Pile (n.) Same as Fagot, n., 2.

Pile (n.) A vertical series of alternate disks of two dissimilar metals, as copper and zinc, laid up with disks of cloth or paper moistened with acid water between them, for producing a current of electricity; -- commonly called Volta's pile, voltaic pile, or galvanic pile.

Pile (n.) The reverse of a coin. See Reverse.

Pilement (n.) An accumulation; a heap.

Pilentum (n.) An easy chariot or carriage, used by Roman ladies, and in which the vessels, etc., for sacred rites were carried.

Pileorhiza (n.) A cap of cells which covers the growing extremity of a root; a rootcap.

Piler (n.) One who places things in a pile.

Pileus (n.) A kind of skull cap of felt.

Pileus (n.) The expanded upper portion of many of the fungi. See Mushroom.

Pileus (n.) The top of the head of a bird, from the bill to the nape.

Pileworm (n.) The teredo.

Pilewort (n.) A plant (Ranunculus Ficaria of Linnaeus) whose tuberous roots have been used in poultices as a specific for the piles.

Pilferer (n.) One who pilfers; a petty thief.

Pilfering (n.) Petty theft.

Pilfery (n.) Petty theft.

Pilgarlic (n.) One who has lost his hair by disease; a sneaking fellow, or one who is hardly used.

Pilgrim (n.) A wayfarer; a wanderer; a traveler; a stranger.

Pilgrim (n.) One who travels far, or in strange lands, to visit some holy place or shrine as a devotee; as, a pilgrim to Loretto; Canterbury pilgrims. See Palmer.

Pilgrimage (n.) The journey of a pilgrim; a long journey; especially, a journey to a shrine or other sacred place. Fig., the journey of human life.

Pilgrimage (n.) A tedious and wearisome time.

Pilidium (n.) The free-swimming, hat-shaped larva of certain nemertean worms. It has no resemblance to its parent, and the young worm develops in its interior.

Piling (n.) The act of heaping up.

Piling (n.) The process of building up, heating, and working, fagots, or piles, to form bars, etc.

Piling (n.) A series of piles; piles considered collectively; as, the piling of a bridge.

Pill (n.) The peel or skin.

Pill (n.) A medicine in the form of a little ball, or small round mass, to be swallowed whole.

Pill (n.) Figuratively, something offensive or nauseous which must be accepted or endured.

Pillage (n.) The act of pillaging; robbery.

Pillage (n.) That which is taken from another or others by open force, particularly and chiefly from enemies in war; plunder; spoil; booty.

Pillager (n.) One who pillages.

Pillar (n.) The general and popular term for a firm, upright, insulated support for a superstructure; a pier, column, or post; also, a column or shaft not supporting a superstructure, as one erected for a monument or an ornament.

Pillar (n.) Figuratively, that which resembles such a pillar in appearance, character, or office; a supporter or mainstay; as, the Pillars of Hercules; a pillar of the state.

Pillar (n.) A portable ornamental column, formerly carried before a cardinal, as emblematic of his support to the church.

Pillar (n.) The center of the volta, ring, or manege ground, around which a horse turns.

Pillar-block (n.) See under Pillow.

Pillaret (n.) A little pillar.

Pillarist (n.) See Stylite.

Pillau (n.) An Oriental dish consisting of rice boiled with mutton, fat, or butter.

Pilled-garlic (n.) See Pilgarlic.

Piller (n.) One who pills or plunders.

Pillery (n.) Plunder; pillage.

Pillion (n.) A panel or cushion saddle; the under pad or cushion of saddle; esp., a pad or cushion put on behind a man's saddle, on which a woman may ride.

Pillory (n.) A frame of adjustable boards erected on a post, and having holes through which the head and hands of an offender were thrust so as to be exposed in front of it.

Pillow (n.) Anything used to support the head of a person when reposing; especially, a sack or case filled with feathers, down, hair, or other soft material.

Pillow (n.) A piece of metal or wood, forming a support to equalize pressure; a brass; a pillow block.

Pillow (n.) A block under the inner end of a bowsprit.

Pillow (n.) A kind of plain, coarse fustian.

Pillowcase (n.) A removable case or covering for a pillow, usually of white

Pill-willet (n.) The willet.

Pillworm (n.) Any myriapod of the genus Iulus and allied genera which rolls up spirally; a galleyworm. See Illust. under Myriapod.

Pillwort (n.) Any plant of the genus Pilularia; minute aquatic cryptograms, with small pill-shaped fruit; -- sometimes called peppergrass.

Pilocarpine (n.) An alkaloid extracted from jaborandi (Pilocarpus pennatifolius) as a white amorphous or crystal

Pilosity (n.) The quality or state of being pilose; hairiness.

Pilot (n.) One employed to steer a vessel; a helmsman; a steersman.

Pilot (n.) Specifically, a person duly qualified, and licensed by authority, to conduct vessels into and out of a port, or in certain waters, for a fixed rate of fees.

Pilot (n.) Figuratively: A guide; a director of another through a difficult or unknown course.

Pilot (n.) An instrument for detecting the compass error.

Pilot (n.) The cowcatcher of a locomotive.

Pilotage (n.) The pilot's skill or knowledge, as of coasts, rocks, bars, and channels.

Pilotage (n.) The compensation made or allowed to a pilot.

Pilotage (n.) Guidance, as by a pilot.

Pilotism (n.) Alt. of Pilotry

Pilotry (n.) Pilotage; skill in the duties of a pilot.

Pilour (n.) A piller; a plunderer.

Pilser (n.) An insect that flies into a flame.

Pilwe (n.) A pillow.

Pimelite (n.) An apple-green mineral having a greasy feel. It is a hydrous silicate of nickel, magnesia, aluminia, and iron.

Piment (n.) Wine flavored with spice or honey. See Pigment, 3.

Pimenta (n.) Same as Pimento.

Pimento (n.) Allspice; -- applied both to the tree and its fruit. See Allspice.

Pimlico (n.) The friar bird.

Pimp (n.) One who provides gratification for the lust of others; a procurer; a pander.

Pimpernel (n.) A plant of the genus Anagallis, of which one species (A. arvensis) has small flowers, usually scarlet, but sometimes purple, blue, or white, which speedily close at the approach of bad weather.

Pimpillo (n.) A West Indian name for the prickly pear (Opuntia); -- called also pimploes.

Pimpinel (n.) The burnet saxifrage. See under Saxifrage.

Pimple (n.) Any small acuminated elevation of the cuticle, whether going on to suppuration or not.

Pimple (n.) Fig.: A swelling or protuberance like a pimple.

Pimpship (n.) The office, occupation, or persom of a pimp.

Pin (n.) A piece of wood, metal, etc., generally cylindrical, used for fastening separate articles together, or as a support by which one article may be suspended from another; a peg; a bolt.

Pin (n.) Especially, a small, pointed and headed piece of brass or other wire (commonly tinned), largely used for fastening clothes, attaching papers, etc.

Pin (n.) Hence, a thing of small value; a trifle.

Pin (n.) That which resembles a pin in its form or use

Pin (n.) A peg in musical instruments, for increasing or relaxing the tension of the strings.

Pin (n.) A linchpin.

Pin (n.) A rolling-pin.

Pin (n.) A clothespin.

Pin (n.) A short shaft, sometimes forming a bolt, a part of which serves as a journal.

Pin (n.) The tenon of a dovetail joint.

Pin (n.) One of a row of pegs in the side of an ancient drinking cup to mark how much each man should drink.

Pin (n.) The bull's eye, or center, of a target; hence, the center.

Pin (n.) Mood; humor.

Pin (n.) Caligo. See Caligo.

Pin (n.) An ornament, as a brooch or badge, fastened to the clothing by a pin; as, a Masonic pin.

Pin (n.) The leg; as, to knock one off his pins.

Pin (n.) To fasten with, or as with, a pin; to join; as, to pin a garment; to pin boards together.

Pinacoid (n.) A plane parallel to two of the crystal

Pinacolin (n.) A colorless oily liquid related to the ketones, and obtained by the decomposition of pinacone; hence, by extension, any one of the series of which pinacolin proper is the type.

Pinacone (n.) A white crystal

Pinacotheca (n.) A picture gallery.

Pinafore (n.) An apron for a child to protect the front part of dress; a tier.

Pinakothek (n.) Pinacotheca.

Pinaster (n.) A species of pine (Pinus Pinaster) growing in Southern Europe.

Pinax (n.) A tablet; a register; hence, a list or scheme inscribed on a tablet.

Pince-nez (n.) Eyeglasses kept on the nose by a spring.

Pinch (n.) A close compression, as with the ends of the fingers, or with an instrument; a nip.

Pinch (n.) As much as may be taken between the finger and thumb; any very small quantity; as, a pinch of snuff.

Pinch (n.) Pian; pang.

Pinch (n.) A lever having a projection at one end, acting as a fulcrum, -- used chiefly to roll heavy wheels, etc. Called also pinch bar.

Pinchbeck (n.) An alloy of copper and zinc, resembling gold; a yellow metal, composed of about three ounces of zinc to a pound of copper. It is much used as an imitation of gold in the manufacture of cheap jewelry.

Pinchcock (n.) A clamp on a flexible pipe to regulate the flow of a fluid through the pipe.

Pinchem (n.) The European blue titmouse.

Pincher (n.) One who, or that which, pinches.

Pinchfist (n.) A closefisted person; a miser.

Pinchpenny (n.) A miserly person.

Pincoffin (n.) A commercial preparation of garancin, yielding fine violet tints.

Pincpinc (n.) An African wren warbler. (Drymoica textrix).

Pincushion (n.) A small cushion, in which pins may be stuck for use.

Pindal (n.) Alt. of Pindar

Pindar (n.) The peanut (Arachis hypogaea); -- so called in the West Indies.

Pindaric (n.) A Pindaric ode.

Pindarism (n.) Imitation of Pindar.

Pindarist (n.) One who imitates Pindar.

Pinder (n.) One who impounds; a poundkeeper.

Pine (n.) Woe; torment; pain.

Pine (n.) Any tree of the coniferous genus Pinus. See Pinus.

Pine (n.) The wood of the pine tree.

Pine (n.) A pineapple.

Pineapple (n.) A tropical plant (Ananassa sativa); also, its fruit; -- so called from the resemblance of the latter, in shape and external appearance, to the cone of the pine tree. Its origin is unknown, though conjectured to be American.

Pineaster (n.) See Pinaster.

Pinedrops (n.) A reddish herb (Pterospora andromedea) of the United States, found parasitic on the roots of pine trees.

Pinefinch (n.) A small American bird (Spinus, / Chrysomitris, spinus); -- called also pine siskin, and American siskin.

Pinefinch (n.) The pine grosbeak.

Pinenchyma (n.) Tabular parenchyma, a form of cellular tissue in which the cells are broad and flat, as in some kinds of epidermis.

Pinery (n.) A pine forest; a grove of pines.

Pinery (n.) A hothouse in which pineapples are grown.

Pinesap (n.) A reddish fleshy herb of the genus Monotropa (M. hypopitys), formerly thought to be parasitic on the roots of pine trees, but more probably saprophytic.

Pinetum (n.) A plantation of pine trees; esp., a collection of living pine trees made for ornamental or scientific purposes.

Pineweed (n.) A low, bushy, nearly leafless herb (Hypericum Sarothra), common in sandy soil in the Eastern United States.

Pinfeather (n.) A feather not fully developed; esp., a rudimentary feather just emerging through the skin.

Pinfish (n.) The sailor's choice (Diplodus, / Lagodon, rhomboides).

Pinfish (n.) The salt-water bream (Diplodus Holbrooki).

Pinfold (n.) A place in which stray cattle or domestic animals are confined; a pound; a penfold.

Ping (n.) The sound made by a bullet in striking a solid object or in passing through the air.

Pingle (n.) A small piece of inclosed ground.

Pingster (n.) See Pinkster.

Pinguicula (n.) See Butterwort.

Pinguitude (n.) Fatness; a growing fat; obesity.

Pinhold (n.) A place where a pin is fixed.

Pinion (n.) A moth of the genus Lithophane, as L. antennata, whose larva bores large holes in young peaches and apples.

Pinion (n.) A feather; a quill.

Pinion (n.) A wing, literal or figurative.

Pinion (n.) The joint of bird's wing most remote from the body.

Pinion (n.) A fetter for the arm.

Pinion (n.) A cogwheel with a small number of teeth, or leaves, adapted to engage with a larger wheel, or rack (see Rack); esp., such a wheel having its leaves formed of the substance of the arbor or spindle which is its axis.

Pinionist (n.) Any winged creature.

Pinite (n.) A compact granular cryptocrystal

Pinite (n.) Any fossil wood which exhibits traces of having belonged to the Pine family.

Pinite (n.) A sweet white crystal

Pink (n.) A vessel with a very narrow stern; -- called also pinky.

Pink (n.) A stab.

Pinking (n.) The act of piercing or stabbing.

Pinking (n.) The act or method of decorating fabrics or garments with a pinking iron; also, the style of decoration; scallops made with a pinking iron.

Pinkness (n.) Quality or state of being pink.

Pinkroot (n.) The root of Spigelia Marilandica, used as a powerful vermifuge; also, that of S. Anthelmia. See definition 2 (below).

Pinkroot (n.) A perennial North American herb (Spigelia Marilandica), sometimes cultivated for its showy red blossoms. Called also Carolina pink, Maryland pinkroot, and worm grass.

Pinkroot (n.) An annual South American and West Indian plant (Spigelia Anthelmia).

Pinkster (n.) Whitsuntide.

Pinky (n.) See 1st Pink.

Pinna (n.) A leaflet of a pinnate leaf. See Illust. of Bipinnate leaf, under Bipinnate.

Pinna (n.) One of the primary divisions of a decompound leaf.

Pinna (n.) One of the divisions of a pinnate part or organ.

Pinna (n.) Any species of Pinna, a genus of large bivalve mollusks found in all warm seas. The byssus consists of a large number of long, silky fibers, which have been used in manufacturing woven fabrics, as a curiosity.

Pinna (n.) The auricle of the ear. See Ear.

Pinnace (n.) A small vessel propelled by sails or oars, formerly employed as a tender, or for coast defence; -- called originally, spynace or spyne.

Pinnace (n.) A man-of-war's boat.

Pinnace (n.) A procuress; a pimp.

Pinnacle (n.) An architectural member, upright, and generally ending in a small spire, -- used to finish a buttress, to constitute a part in a proportion, as where pinnacles flank a gable or spire, and the like. Pinnacles may be considered primarily as added weight, where it is necessary to resist the thrust of an arch, etc.

Pinnacle (n.) Anything resembling a pinnacle; a lofty peak; a pointed summit.

Pinnage (n.) Poundage of cattle. See Pound.

Pinnatiped (n.) Any bird which has the toes bordered by membranes.

Pinner (n.) One who, or that which, pins or fastens, as with pins.

Pinner (n.) A headdress like a cap, with long lappets.

Pinner (n.) An apron with a bib; a pinafore.

Pinner (n.) A cloth band for a gown.

Pinner (n.) A pin maker.

Pinner (n.) One who pins or impounds cattle. See Pin, v. t.

Pinnet (n.) A pinnacle.

Pinnigrade (n.) An animal of the seal tribe, moving by short feet that serve as paddles.

Pinniped (n.) One of the Pinnipedia; a seal.

Pinniped (n.) One of the Pinnipedes.

Pinnock (n.) The hedge sparrow.

Pinnock (n.) The tomtit.

Pinnothere (n.) A crab of the genus pinnotheres. See Oyster crab, under Oyster.

Pinnula (n.) Same as Pinnule.

Pinnule (n.) One of the small divisions of a decompound frond or leaf. See Illust. of Bipinnate leaf, under Bipinnate.

Pinnule (n.) Any one of a series of small, slender organs, or parts, when arranged in rows so as to have a plumelike appearance; as, a pinnule of a gorgonia; the pinnules of a crinoid.

Pinocle (n.) See Penuchle.

Pinole (n.) An aromatic powder used in Italy in the manufacture of chocolate.

Pinole (n.) Parched maize, ground, and mixed with sugar, etc. Mixed with water, it makes a nutritious beverage.

Pi?on (n.) The edible seed of several species of pine; also, the tree producing such seeds, as Pinus Pinea of Southern Europe, and P. Parryana, cembroides, edulis, and monophylla, the nut pines of Western North America.

Pi?on (n.) See Monkey's puzzle.

Pinpatch (n.) The common English periwinkle.

Pint (n.) A measure of capacity, equal to half a quart, or four gills, -- used in liquid and dry measures. See Quart.

Pint (n.) The laughing gull.

Pintado (n.) Any bird of the genus Numida. Several species are found in Africa. The common pintado, or Guinea fowl, the helmeted, and the crested pintados, are the best known. See Guinea fowl, under Guinea.

Pintail (n.) A northern duck (Dafila acuta), native of both continents. The adult male has a long, tapering tail. Called also gray duck, piketail, piket-tail, spike-tail, split-tail, springtail, sea pheasant, and gray widgeon.

Pintail (n.) The sharp-tailed grouse of the great plains and Rocky Mountains (Pediocaetes phasianellus); -- called also pintailed grouse, pintailed chicken, springtail, and sharptail.

Pintle (n.) A little pin.

Pintle (n.) An upright pivot pin

Pintle (n.) The pivot pin of a hinge.

Pintle (n.) A hook or pin on which a rudder hangs and turns.

Pintle (n.) A pivot about which the chassis swings, in some kinds of gun carriages.

Pintle (n.) A kingbolt of a wagon.

Pinule (n.) One of the sights of an astrolabe.

Pinus (n.) A large genus of evergreen coniferous trees, mostly found in the northern hemisphere. The genus formerly included the firs, spruces, larches, and hemlocks, but is now limited to those trees which have the primary leaves of the branchlets reduced to mere scales, and the secondary ones (pine needles) acicular, and usually in fascicles of two to seven. See Pine.

Pinweed (n.) Any plant of the genus Lechea, low North American herbs with branching stems, and very small and abundant leaves and flowers.

Pinworm (n.) A small nematoid worm (Oxyurus vermicularis), which is parasitic chiefly in the rectum of man. It is most common in children and aged persons.

Pinxter (n.) See Pinkster.

Pioneer (n.) A soldier detailed or employed to form roads, dig trenches, and make bridges, as an army advances.

Pioneer (n.) One who goes before, as into the wilderness, preparing the way for others to follow; as, pioneers of civilization; pioneers of reform.

Pioner (n.) A pioneer.

Piony (n.) See Peony.

Piot (n.) The magpie.

Pip (n.) A contagious disease of fowls, characterized by hoarseness, discharge from the nostrils and eyes, and an accumulation of mucus in the mouth, forming a "scale" on the tongue. By some the term pip is restricted to this last symptom, the disease being called roup by them.

Pip (n.) A seed, as of an apple or orange.

Pip (n.) One of the conventional figures or "spots" on playing cards, dominoes, etc.

Pipa (n.) The Surinam toad (Pipa Americana), noted for its peculiar breeding habits.

Pipage (n.) Transportation, as of petroleum oil, by means of a pipe conduit; also, the charge for such transportation.

Pipe (n.) A wind instrument of music, consisting of a tube or tubes of straw, reed, wood, or metal; any tube which produces musical sounds; as, a shepherd's pipe; the pipe of an organ.

Pipe (n.) Any long tube or hollow body of wood, metal, earthenware, or the like: especially, one used as a conductor of water, steam, gas, etc.

Pipe (n.) A small bowl with a hollow steam, -- used in smoking tobacco, and, sometimes, other substances.

Pipe (n.) A passageway for the air in speaking and breathing; the windpipe, or one of its divisions.

Pipe (n.) The key or sound of the voice.

Pipe (n.) The peeping whistle, call, or note of a bird.

Pipe (n.) The bagpipe; as, the pipes of Lucknow.

Pipe (n.) An elongated body or vein of ore.

Pipe (n.) A roll formerly used in the English exchequer, otherwise called the Great Roll, on which were taken down the accounts of debts to the king; -- so called because put together like a pipe.

Pipe (n.) A boatswain's whistle, used to call the crew to their duties; also, the sound of it.

Pipe (n.) A cask usually containing two hogsheads, or 126 wine gallons; also, the quantity which it contains.

Pipefish (n.) Any lophobranch fish of the genus Siphostoma, or Syngnathus, and allied genera, having a long and very slender angular body, covered with bony plates. The mouth is small, at the end of a long, tubular snout. The male has a pouch on his belly, in which the incubation of the eggs takes place.

Pipemouth (n.) Any fish of the genus Fistularia; -- called also tobacco pipefish. See Fistularia.

Piper (n.) See Pepper.

Piper (n.) One who plays on a pipe, or the like, esp. on a bagpipe.

Piper (n.) A common European gurnard (Trigla lyra), having a large head, with prominent nasal projection, and with large, sharp, opercular spines.

Piper (n.) A sea urchin (Goniocidaris hystrix) having very long spines, native of both the American and European coasts.

Piperidge (n.) Same as Pepperidge.

Piperidine (n.) An oily liquid alkaloid, C5H11N, having a hot, peppery, ammoniacal odor. It is related to pyridine, and is obtained by the decomposition of piperine.

Piperine (n.) A white crystal

Piperonal (n.) A white crystal

Piperylene (n.) A hydrocarbon obtained by decomposition of certain piperidine derivatives.

Pipestem (n.) The hollow stem or tube of a pipe used for smoking tobacco, etc.

Pipestone (n.) A kind of clay slate, carved by the Indians into tobacco pipes. Cf. Catlinite.

Pipette (n.) A small glass tube, often with an enlargement or bulb in the middle, and usually graduated, -- used for transferring or delivering measured quantities.

Pipevine (n.) The Dutchman's pipe. See under Dutchman.

Pipewort (n.) Any plant of a genus (Eriocaulon) of aquatic or marsh herbs with soft grass-like leaves.

Piping (n.) A small cord covered with cloth, -- used as trimming for women's dresses.

Piping (n.) Pipes, collectively; as, the piping of a house.

Piping (n.) The act of playing on a pipe; the shrill noted of birds, etc.

Piping (n.) A piece cut off to be set or planted; a cutting; also, propagation by cuttings.

Pipistrel (n.) Alt. of Pipistrelle

Pipistrelle (n.) A small European bat (Vesperugo pipistrellus); -- called also flittermouse.

Pipit (n.) Any one of numerous species of small singing birds belonging to Anthus and allied genera, of the family Motacillidae. They strongly resemble the true larks in habits, colors, and the great length of the hind claw. They are, therefore, often called titlarks, and pipit larks.

Pipkin (n.) A small earthen boiler.

Pippin (n.) An apple from a tree raised from the seed and not grafted; a seedling apple.

Pippin (n.) A name given to apples of several different kinds, as Newtown pippin, summer pippin, fall pippin, golden pippin.

Pipra (n.) Any one of numerous species of small clamatorial birds belonging to Pipra and allied genera, of the family Pipridae. The male is usually glossy black, varied with scarlet, yellow, or sky blue. They chiefly inhabit South America.

Pipsissewa (n.) A low evergreen plant (Chimaphila umbellata), with narrow, wedge-lanceolate leaves, and an umbel of pretty nodding fragrant blossoms. It has been used in nephritic diseases. Called also prince's pine.

Piquancy (n.) The quality or state of being piquant.

Pique (n.) A cotton fabric, figured in the loom, -- used as a dress goods for women and children, and for vestings, etc.

Pique (n.) The jigger. See Jigger.

Pique (n.) A feeling of hurt, vexation, or resentment, awakened by a social slight or injury; irritation of the feelings, as through wounded pride; stinging vexation.

Pique (n.) Keenly felt desire; a longing.

Pique (n.) In piquet, the right of the elder hand to count thirty in hand, or to play before the adversary counts one.

Piqueerer (n.) See Pickeerer.

Piquet (n.) See Picket.

Piquet (n.) A game at cards played between two persons, with thirty-two cards, all the deuces, threes, fours, fives, and sixes, being set aside.

Piracy (n.) The act or crime of a pirate.

Piracy (n.) Robbery on the high seas; the taking of property from others on the open sea by open violence; without lawful authority, and with intent to steal; -- a crime answering to robbery on land.

Piracy (n.)

Piragua (n.) See Pirogue.

Pirai (n.) Same as Piraya.

Pirameter (n.) A dynamometer for ascertaining the power required to draw carriages over roads.

Pirarucu (n.) Same as Arapaima.

Pirate (n.) A robber on the high seas; one who by open violence takes the property of another on the high seas; especially, one who makes it his business to cruise for robbery or plunder; a freebooter on the seas; also, one who steals in a harbor.

Pirate (n.) An armed ship or vessel which sails without a legal commission, for the purpose of plundering other vessels on the high seas.

Pirate (n.) One who infringes the law of copyright, or publishes the work of an author without permission.

Piraya (n.) A large voracious fresh-water fish (Serrasalmo piraya) of South America, having lancet-shaped teeth.

Pirie (n.) See Pirry.

Pirie (n.) A pear tree.

Piririgua (n.) A South American bird (Guira guira) allied to the cuckoos.

Pirn (n.) A quill or reed on which thread or yarn is wound; a bobbin; also, the wound yarn on a weaver's shuttle; also, the reel of a fishing rod.

Pirogue (n.) A dugout canoe; by extension, any small boat.

Pirouette (n.) A whirling or turning on the toes in dancing.

Pirouette (n.) The whirling about of a horse.

Pirry (n.) Alt. of Pirrie

Pirrie (n.) A rough gale of wind.

Pisasphaltum (n.) See Pissasphalt.

Pisay (n.) See Pise.

Piscary (n.) The right or privilege of fishing in another man's waters.

Piscation (n.) Fishing; fishery.

Piscator (n.) A fisherman; an angler.

Piscicapture (n.) Capture of fishes, as by angling.

Pisciculture (n.) Fish culture. See under Fish.

Pisciculturist (n.) One who breeds fish.

Piscina (n.) A niche near the altar in a church, containing a small basin for rinsing altar vessels.

Pise (n.) A species of wall made of stiff earth or clay rammed in between molds which are carried up as the wall rises; -- called also pise work.

Pishu (n.) The Canada lynx.

Pisiform (n.) A small bone on the ulnar side of the carpus in man and many mammals. See Illust. of Artiodactyla.

Pismire (n.) An ant, or emmet.

Pisolite (n.) A variety of calcite, or calcium carbonate, consisting of aggregated globular concretions about the size of a pea; -- called also peastone, peagrit.

Pisophalt (n.) Pissasphalt.

Piss (n.) Urine.

Pissabed (n.) A name locally applied to various wild plants, as dandelion, bluet, oxeye daisy, etc.

Pissasphalt (n.) Earth pitch; a soft, black bitumen of the consistence of tar, and of a strong smell. It is inflammable, and intermediate between petroleum and asphalt.

Pist (n.) See Piste.

Pistachio (n.) The nut of the Pistacia vera, a tree of the order Anacardiaceae, containing a kernel of a pale greenish color, which has a pleasant taste, resembling that of the almond, and yields an oil of agreeable taste and odor; -- called also pistachio nut. It is wholesome and nutritive. The tree grows in Arabia, Persia, Syria, and Sicily.

Pistacia (n.) The name of a genus of trees, including the tree which bears the pistachio, the Mediterranean mastic tree (Pistacia Lentiscus), and the species (P. Terebinthus) which yields Chian or Cyprus turpentine.

Pistacite (n.) Epidote.

Pistareen (n.) An old Spanish silver coin of the value of about twenty cents.

Pistazite (n.) Same as Pistacite.

Piste (n.) The track or tread a horseman makes upon the ground he goes over.

Pistel (n.) Alt. of Pistil

Pistil (n.) An epistle.

Pistil (n.) The seed-bearing organ of a flower. It consists of an ovary, containing the ovules or rudimentary seeds, and a stigma, which is commonly raised on an elongated portion called a style. When composed of one carpel a pistil is simple; when composed of several, it is compound. See Illust. of Flower, and Ovary.

Pistillation (n.) The act of pounding or breaking in a mortar; pestillation.

Pistillidium (n.) Same as Archegonium.

Pistillody (n.) The metamorphosis of other organs into pistils.

Pistol (n.) The smallest firearm used, intended to be fired from one hand, -- now of many patterns, and bearing a great variety of names. See Illust. of Revolver.

Pistolade (n.) A pistol shot.

Pistole (n.) The name of certain gold coins of various values formerly coined in some countries of Europe. In Spain it was equivalent to a quarter doubloon, or about $3.90, and in Germany and Italy nearly the same. There was an old Italian pistole worth about $5.40.

Pistoleer (n.) One who uses a pistol.

Pistolet (n.) A small pistol.

Piston (n.) A sliding piece which either is moved by, or moves against, fluid pressure. It usually consists of a short cylinder fitting within a cylindrical vessel along which it moves, back and forth. It is used in steam engines to receive motion from the steam, and in pumps to transmit motion to a fluid; also for other purposes.

Pit (n.) A large cavity or hole in the ground, either natural or artificial; a cavity in the surface of a body; an indentation

Pit (n.) The shaft of a coal mine; a coal pit.

Pit (n.) A large hole in the ground from which material is dug or quarried; as, a stone pit; a gravel pit; or in which material is made by burning; as, a lime pit; a charcoal pit.

Pit (n.) A vat sunk in the ground; as, a tan pit.

Pit (n.) Any abyss; especially, the grave, or hades.

Pit (n.) A covered deep hole for entrapping wild beasts; a pitfall; hence, a trap; a snare. Also used figuratively.

Pit (n.) A depression or hollow in the surface of the human body

Pit (n.) The hollow place under the shoulder or arm; the axilla, or armpit.

Pit (n.) See Pit of the stomach (below).

Pit (n.) The indentation or mark left by a pustule, as in smallpox.

Pit (n.) Formerly, that part of a theater, on the floor of the house, below the level of the stage and behind the orchestra; now, in England, commonly the part behind the stalls; in the United States, the parquet; also, the occupants of such a part of a theater.

Pit (n.) An inclosed area into which gamecocks, dogs, and other animals are brought to fight, or where dogs are trained to kill rats.

Pit (n.) The endocarp of a drupe, and its contained seed or seeds; a stone; as, a peach pit; a cherry pit, etc.

Pit (n.) A depression or thin spot in the wall of a duct.

Pita (n.) A fiber obtained from the Agave Americana and other related species, -- used for making cordage and paper. Called also pita fiber, and pita thread.

Pita (n.) The plant which yields the fiber.

Pitahaya (n.) A cactaceous shrub (Cereus Pitajaya) of tropical America, which yields a delicious fruit.

Pitapat (n.) A light, repeated sound; a pattering, as of the rain.

Pitch (n.) A thick, black, lustrous, and sticky substance obtained by boiling down tar. It is used in calking the seams of ships; also in coating rope, canvas, wood, ironwork, etc., to preserve them.

Pitch (n.) See Pitchstone.

Pitch (n.) To cover over or smear with pitch.

Pitch (n.) Fig.: To darken; to blacken; to obscure.

Pitch (n.) A throw; a toss; a cast, as of something from the hand; as, a good pitch in quoits.

Pitch (n.) That point of the ground on which the ball pitches or lights when bowled.

Pitch (n.) A point or peak; the extreme point or degree of elevation or depression; hence, a limit or bound.

Pitch (n.) Height; stature.

Pitch (n.) A descent; a fall; a thrusting down.

Pitch (n.) The point where a declivity begins; hence, the declivity itself; a descending slope; the degree or rate of descent or slope; slant; as, a steep pitch in the road; the pitch of a roof.

Pitch (n.) The relative acuteness or gravity of a tone, determined by the number of vibrations which produce it; the place of any tone upon a scale of high and low.

Pitch (n.) The limit of ground set to a miner who receives a share of the ore taken out.

Pitch (n.) The distance from center to center of any two adjacent teeth of gearing, measured on the pitch

Pitch (n.) The length, measured along the axis, of a complete turn of the thread of a screw, or of the helical

Pitch (n.) The distance between the centers of holes, as of rivet holes in boiler plates.

Pitchblende (n.) A pitch-black mineral consisting chiefly of the oxide of uranium; uraninite. See Uraninite.

Pitcher (n.) One who pitches anything, as hay, quoits, a ball, etc.; specifically (Baseball), the player who delivers the ball to the batsman.

Pitcher (n.) A sort of crowbar for digging.

Pitcher (n.) A wide-mouthed, deep vessel for holding liquids, with a spout or protruding lip and a handle; a water jug or jar with a large ear or handle.

Pitcher (n.) A tubular or cuplike appendage or expansion of the leaves of certain plants.

Pitcherful (n.) The quantity a pitcher will hold.

Pitchfork (n.) A fork, or farming utensil, used in pitching hay, sheaves of grain, or the like.

Pitchiness (n.) Blackness, as of pitch; darkness.

Pitching (n.) The act of throwing or casting; a cast; a pitch; as, wild pitching in baseball.

Pitching (n.) The rough paving of a street to a grade with blocks of stone.

Pitching (n.) A facing of stone laid upon a bank to prevent wear by tides or currents.

Pitch-ore (n.) Pitchblende.

Pitchstone (n.) An igneous rock of semiglassy nature, having a luster like pitch.

Pitchwork (n.) The work of a coal miner who is paid by a share of his product.

Pitfall (n.) A pit deceitfully covered to entrap wild beasts or men; a trap of any kind.

Pith (n.) The soft spongy substance in the center of the stems of many plants and trees, especially those of the dicotyledonous or exogenous classes. It consists of cellular tissue.

Pith (n.) The spongy interior substance of a feather.

Pith (n.) The spinal cord; the marrow.

Pith (n.) Hence: The which contains the strength of life; the vital or essential part; concentrated force; vigor; strength; importance; as, the speech lacked pith.

Pithiness (n.) The quality or state of being pithy.

Pit-hole (n.) A pit; a pockmark.

Pitier (n.) One who pities.

Pitman (n.) One who works in a pit, as in mining, in sawing timber, etc.

Pitman (n.) The connecting rod in a sawmill; also, sometimes, a connecting rod in other machinery.

Pitpan (n.) A long, flat-bottomed canoe, used for the navigation of rivers and lagoons in Central America.

Pitta (n.) Any one of a large group of bright-colored clamatorial birds belonging to Pitta, and allied genera of the family Pittidae. Most of the species are varied with three or more colors, such as blue, green, crimson, yellow, purple, and black. They are called also ground thrushes, and Old World ant thrushes; but they are not related to the true thrushes.

Pittacal (n.) A dark blue substance obtained from wood tar. It consists of hydrocarbons which when oxidized form the orange-yellow eupittonic compounds, the salts of which are dark blue.

Pittance (n.) An allowance of food bestowed in charity; a mess of victuals; hence, a small charity gift; a dole.

Pittance (n.) A meager portion, quantity, or allowance; an inconsiderable salary or compensation.

Pitter (n.) A contrivance for removing the pits from peaches, plums, and other stone fruit.

Pituite (n.) Mucus, phlegm.

Pity (n.) Piety.

Pity (n.) A feeling for the sufferings or distresses of another or others; sympathy with the grief or misery of another; compassion; fellow-feeling; commiseration.

Pity (n.) A reason or cause of pity, grief, or regret; a thing to be regretted.

Pityriasis (n.) A superficial affection of the skin, characterized by irregular patches of thin scales which are shed in branlike particles.

Pivot (n.) A fixed pin or short axis, on the end of which a wheel or other body turns.

Pivot (n.) The end of a shaft or arbor which rests and turns in a support; as, the pivot of an arbor in a watch.

Pivot (n.) Hence, figuratively: A turning point or condition; that on which important results depend; as, the pivot of an enterprise.

Pivot (n.) The officer or soldier who simply turns in his place whike the company or

Pixy (n.) Alt. of Pixie

Pixie (n.) An old English name for a fairy; an elf.

Pixie (n.) A low creeping evergreen plant (Pyxidanthera barbulata), with mosslike leaves and little white blossoms, found in New Jersey and southward, where it flowers in earliest spring.

Pizzle (n.) The penis; -- so called in some animals, as the bull.

Placability (n.) The quality or state of being placable or appeasable; placable disposition.

Placableness (n.) The quality of being placable.

Placard (n.) A public proclamation; a manifesto or edict issued by authority.

Placard (n.) Permission given by authority; a license; as, to give a placard to do something.

Placard (n.) A written or printed paper, as an advertisement or a declaration, posted, or to be posted, in a public place; a poster.

Placard (n.) An extra plate on the lower part of the breastplate or backplate.

Placard (n.) A kind of stomacher, often adorned with jewels, worn in the fifteenth century and later.

Placate (n.) Same as Placard, 4 & 5.

Placation (n.) The act of placating.

Place (n.) Any portion of space regarded as measured off or distinct from all other space, or appropriated to some definite object or use; position; ground; site; spot; rarely, unbounded space.

Place (n.) A broad way in a city; an open space; an area; a court or short part of a street open only at one end.

Place (n.) A position which is occupied and held; a dwelling; a mansion; a village, town, or city; a fortified town or post; a stronghold; a region or country.

Place (n.) Rank; degree; grade; order of priority, advancement, dignity, or importance; especially, social rank or position; condition; also, official station; occupation; calling.

Place (n.) Vacated or relinquished space; room; stead (the departure or removal of another being or thing being implied).

Place (n.) A definite position or passage of a document.

Place (n.) Ordinal relation; position in the order of proceeding; as, he said in the first place.

Place (n.) Reception; effect; -- implying the making room for.

Place (n.) Position in the heavens, as of a heavenly body; -- usually defined by its right ascension and declination, or by its latitude and longitude.

Place (n.) To assign a place to; to put in a particular spot or place, or in a certain relative position; to direct to a particular place; to fix; to settle; to locate; as, to place a book on a shelf; to place balls in tennis.

Place (n.) To put or set in a particular rank, office, or position; to surround with particular circumstances or relations in life; to appoint to certain station or condition of life; as, in whatever sphere one is placed.

Place (n.) To put out at interest; to invest; to loan; as, to place money in a bank.

Place (n.) To set; to fix; to repose; as, to place confidence in a friend.

Place (n.) To attribute; to ascribe; to set down.

Placebo (n.) The first antiphon of the vespers for the dead.

Placebo (n.) A prescription intended to humor or satisfy.

Placeman (n.) One who holds or occupies a place; one who has office under government.

Placement (n.) The act of placing, or the state of being placed.

Placement (n.) Position; place.

Placenta (n.) The vascular appendage which connects the fetus with the parent, and is cast off in parturition with the afterbirth.

Placenta (n.) The part of a pistil or fruit to which the ovules or seeds are attached.

Placental (n.) One of the Placentalia.

Placentation (n.) The mode of formation of the placenta in different animals; as, the placentation of mammals.

Placentation (n.) The mode in which the placenta is arranged or composed; as, axile placentation; parietal placentation.

Placer (n.) One who places or sets.

Placer (n.) A deposit of earth, sand, or gravel, containing valuable mineral in particles, especially by the side of a river, or in the bed of a mountain torrent.

Placet (n.) A vote of assent, as of the governing body of a university, of an ecclesiastical council, etc.

Placet (n.) The assent of the civil power to the promulgation of an ecclesiastical ordinance.

Placidity (n.) The quality or state of being placid; calmness; serenity.

Placidness (n.) The quality or state of being placid.

Placit (n.) A decree or determination; a dictum.

Placitum (n.) A public court or assembly in the Middle Ages, over which the sovereign president when a consultation was held upon affairs of state.

Placitum (n.) A court, or cause in court.

Placitum (n.) A plea; a pleading; a judicial proceeding; a suit.

Plack (n.) A small copper coin formerly current in Scotland, worth less than a cent.

Placket (n.) A petticoat, esp. an under petticoat; hence, a cant term for a woman.

Placket (n.) The opening or slit left in a petticoat or skirt for convenience in putting it on; -- called also placket hole.

Placket (n.) A woman's pocket.

Placoderm (n.) One of the Placodermi.

Placoid (n.) Any fish having placoid scales, as the sharks.

Placoid (n.) One of the Placoides.

Placoidian (n.) One of the placoids.

Plaga (n.) A stripe of color.

Plage (n.) A region; country.

Plagiarism (n.) The act or practice of plagiarizing.

Plagiarism (n.) That which plagiarized.

Plagiarist (n.) One who plagiarizes; or purloins the words, writings, or ideas of another, and passes them off as his own; a literary thief; a plagiary.

Plagiary (n.) A manstealer; a kidnaper.

Plagiary (n.) One who purloins another's expressions or ideas, and offers them as his own; a plagiarist.

Plagiary (n.) Plagiarism; literary thief.

Plagiocephaly (n.) Oblique lateral deformity of the skull.

Plagioclase (n.) A general term used of any triclinic feldspar. See the Note under Feldspar.

Plagionite (n.) A sulphide of lead and antimony, of a blackish lead-gray color and metallic luster.

Plagiostome (n.) One of the Plagiostomi.

Plagium (n.) Manstealing; kidnaping.

Plague (n.) That which smites, wounds, or troubles; a blow; a calamity; any afflictive evil or torment; a great trail or vexation.

Plague (n.) An acute malignant contagious fever, that often prevails in Egypt, Syria, and Turkey, and has at times visited the large cities of Europe with frightful mortality; hence, any pestilence; as, the great London plague.

Plaguer (n.) One who plagues or annoys.

Plaice (n.) A European food fish (Pleuronectes platessa), allied to the flounder, and growing to the weight of eight or ten pounds or more.

Plaice (n.) A large American flounder (Paralichthys dentatus; called also brail, puckermouth, and summer flounder. The name is sometimes applied to other allied species.

Plaid (n.) A rectangular garment or piece of cloth, usually made of the checkered material called tartan, but sometimes of plain gray, or gray with black stripes. It is worn by both sexes in Scotland.

Plaid (n.) Goods of any quality or material of the pattern of a plaid or tartan; a checkered cloth or pattern.

Plaiding (n.) Plaid cloth.

Plainant (n.) One who makes complaint; the plaintiff.

Plaining (n.) Complaint.

Plainness (n.) The quality or state of being plain.

Plainsman (n.) One who lives in the plains.

Plaint (n.) Audible expression of sorrow; lamentation; complaint; hence, a mournful song; a lament.

Plaint (n.) An accusation or protest on account of an injury.

Plaint (n.) A private memorial tendered to a court, in which a person sets forth his cause of action; the exhibiting of an action in writing.

Plaintiff (n.) One who commences a personal action or suit to obtain a remedy for an injury to his rights; -- opposed to defendant.

Plaintive (n.) Repining; complaining; lamenting.

Plaintive (n.) Expressive of sorrow or melancholy; mournful; sad.

Plaisance (n.) See Pleasance.

Plaise (n.) See Plaice.

Plaister (n.) See Plaster.

Plait (n.) A flat fold; a doubling, as of cloth; a pleat; as, a box plait.

Plait (n.) A braid, as of hair or straw; a plat.

Plaiter (n.) One who, or that which, plaits.

Planaria (n.) Any species of turbellarian worms belonging to Planaria, and many allied genera. The body is usually flat, thin, and smooth. Some species, in warm countries, are terrestrial.

Planarian (n.) One of the Planarida, or Dendrocoela; any turbellarian worm.

Planch (n.) A plank.

Plancher (n.) A floor of wood; also, a plank.

Plancher (n.) The under side of a cornice; a soffit.

Planchet (n.) A flat piece of metal; especially, a disk of metal ready to be stamped as a coin.

Planchette (n.) A circumferentor. See Circumferentor.

Planchette (n.) A small tablet of wood supported on casters and having a pencil attached. The characters produced by the pencil on paper, while the hand rests on the instrument and it is allowed to move, are sometimes translated as of oracular or supernatural import.

Planching (n.) The laying of floors in a building; also, a floor of boards or planks.

Plane (n.) Any tree of the genus Platanus.

Planer (n.) One who, or that which, planes; a planing machine; esp., a machine for planing wood or metals.

Planer (n.) A wooden block used for forcing down the type in a form, and making the surface even.

Planet (n.) A celestial body which revolves about the sun in an orbit of a moderate degree of eccentricity. It is distinguished from a comet by the absence of a coma, and by having a less eccentric orbit. See Solar system.

Planet (n.) A star, as influencing the fate of a men.

Planetarium (n.) An orrery. See Orrery.

Planetoid (n.) A body resembling a planet; an asteroid.

Planetule (n.) A little planet.

Plangency (n.) The quality or state of being plangent; a beating sound.

Planimeter (n.) An instrument for measuring the area of any plane figure, however irregular, by passing a tracer around the bounding

Planimetry (n.) The mensuration of plane surfaces; -- distinguished from stereometry, or the mensuration of volumes.

Planisher (n.) One who, or that which, planishes.

Planisphere (n.) The representation of the circles of the sphere upon a plane; especially, a representation of the celestial sphere upon a plane with adjustable circles, or other appendages, for showing the position of the heavens, the time of rising and setting of stars, etc., for any given date or hour.

Plank (n.) A broad piece of sawed timber, differing from a board only in being thicker. See Board.

Plank (n.) Fig.: That which supports or upholds, as a board does a swimmer.

Plank (n.) One of the separate articles in a declaration of the principles of a party or cause; as, a plank in the national platform.

Planking (n.) The act of laying planks; also, planks, collectively; a series of planks in place, as the wooden covering of the frame of a vessel.

Planking (n.) The act of splicing slivers. See Plank, v. t., 4.

Plank-sheer (n.) The course of plank laid horizontally over the timberheads of a vessel's frame.

Planner (n.) One who plans; a projector.

Planoblast (n.) Any free-swimming gonophore of a hydroid; a hydroid medusa.

Planometer (n.) An instrument for gauging or testing a plane surface. See Surface gauge, under Surface.

Planometry (n.) The art or process of producing or gauging a plane surface.

Planorbis (n.) Any fresh-water air-breathing mollusk belonging to Planorbis and other allied genera, having shells of a discoidal form.

Plant (n.) A vegetable; an organized living being, generally without feeling and voluntary motion, and having, when complete, a root, stem, and leaves, though consisting sometimes only of a single leafy expansion, or a series of cellules, or even a single cellule.

Plant (n.) A bush, or young tree; a sapling; hence, a stick or staff.

Plant (n.) The sole of the foot.

Plant (n.) The whole machinery and apparatus employed in carrying on a trade or mechanical business; also, sometimes including real estate, and whatever represents investment of capital in the means of carrying on a business, but not including material worked upon or finished products; as, the plant of a foundry, a mill, or a railroad.

Plant (n.) A plan; an artifice; a swindle; a trick.

Plant (n.) An oyster which has been bedded, in distinction from one of natural growth.

Plant (n.) A young oyster suitable for transplanting.

Plant (n.) To put in the ground and cover, as seed for growth; as, to plant maize.

Plant (n.) To set in the ground for growth, as a young tree, or a vegetable with roots.

Plant (n.) To furnish, or fit out, with plants; as, to plant a garden, an orchard, or a forest.

Plant (n.) To engender; to generate; to set the germ of.

Plant (n.) To furnish with a fixed and organized population; to settle; to establish; as, to plant a colony.

Plant (n.) To introduce and establish the principles or seeds of; as, to plant Christianity among the heathen.

Plant (n.) To set firmly; to fix; to set and direct, or point; as, to plant cannon against a fort; to plant a standard in any place; to plant one's feet on solid ground; to plant one's fist in another's face.

Plant (n.) To set up; to install; to instate.

Plantage (n.) A word used once by Shakespeare to designate plants in general, or anything that is planted.

Plantain (n.) A treelike perennial herb (Musa paradisiaca) of tropical regions, bearing immense leaves and large clusters of the fruits called plantains. See Musa.

Plantain (n.) The fruit of this plant. It is long and somewhat cylindrical, slightly curved, and, when ripe, soft, fleshy, and covered with a thick but tender yellowish skin. The plantain is a staple article of food in most tropical countries, especially when cooked.

Plantain (n.) Any plant of the genus Plantago, but especially the P. major, a low herb with broad spreading radical leaves, and slender spikes of minute flowers. It is a native of Europe, but now found near the abode of civilized man in nearly all parts of the world.

Plantation (n.) The act or practice of planting, or setting in the earth for growth.

Plantation (n.) The place planted; land brought under cultivation; a piece of ground planted with trees or useful plants; esp., in the United States and West Indies, a large estate appropriated to the production of the more important crops, and cultivated by laborers who live on the estate; as, a cotton plantation; a coffee plantation.

Plantation (n.) An original settlement in a new country; a colony.

Plant-cane (n.) A stalk or shoot of sugar cane of the first growth from the cutting. The growth of the second and following years is of inferior quality, and is called rattoon.

Planter (n.) One who, or that which, plants or sows; as, a planterof corn; a machine planter.

Planter (n.) One who owns or cultivates a plantation; as, a sugar planter; a coffee planter.

Planter (n.) A colonist in a new or uncultivated territory; as, the first planters in Virginia.

Plantership (n.) The occupation or position of a planter, or the management of a plantation, as in the United States or the West Indies.

Planticle (n.) A young plant, or plant in embryo.

Plantigrade (n.) A plantigrade animal, or one that walks or steps on the sole of the foot, as man, and the bears.

Planting (n.) The act or operation of setting in the ground for propagation, as seeds, trees, shrubs, etc.; the forming of plantations, as of trees; the carrying on of plantations, as of sugar, coffee, etc.

Planting (n.) That which is planted; a plantation.

Planting (n.) The laying of the first courses of stone in a foundation.

Plantlet (n.) A little plant.

Plantocracy (n.) Government by planters; planters, collectively.

Plantule (n.) The embryo which has begun its development in the act of germination.

Planula (n.) In embryonic development, a vesicle filled with fluid, formed from the morula by the divergence of its cells in such a manner as to give rise to a central space, around which the cells arrange themselves as an envelope; an embryonic form intermediate between the morula and gastrula. Sometimes used as synonymous with gastrula.

Planula (n.) The very young, free-swimming larva of the coelenterates. It usually has a flattened oval or oblong form, and is entirely covered with cilia.

Planxty (n.) An Irish or Welsh melody for the harp, sometimes of a mournful character.

Plaque (n.) Any flat, thin piece of metal, clay, ivory, or the like, used for ornament, or for painting pictures upon, as a slab, plate, dish, or the like, hung upon a wall; also, a smaller decoration worn on the person, as a brooch.

Plash (n.) The branch of a tree partly cut or bent, and bound to, or intertwined with, other branches.

Plashet (n.) A small pond or pool; a puddle.

Plashing (n.) The cutting or bending and intertwining the branches of small trees, as in hedges.

Plashing (n.) The dashing or sprinkling of coloring matter on the walls of buildings, to imitate granite, etc.

Plashoot (n.) A hedge or fence formed of branches of trees interlaced, or plashed.

Plasm (n.) A mold or matrix in which anything is cast or formed to a particular shape.

Plasm (n.) Same as Plasma.

Plasma (n.) A variety of quartz, of a color between grass green and leek green, which is found associated with common chalcedony. It was much esteemed by the ancients for making engraved ornaments.

Plasma (n.) The viscous material of an animal or vegetable cell, out of which the various tissues are formed by a process of differentiation; protoplasm.

Plasma (n.) Unorganized material; elementary matter.

Plasma (n.) A mixture of starch and glycerin, used as a substitute for ointments.

Plasmation (n.) The act of forming or molding.

Plasmator (n.) A former; a fashioner.

Plasmature (n.) Form; mold.

Plasmid (n.) A piece of DNA, usually circular, functioning as part of the genetic material of a cell, not integrated with the chromosome and replicating independently of the chromosome, but transferred, like the chromosome, to subsequent generations. In bacteria, plasmids often carry the genes for antibiotic resistance; they are exploited in genetic engineering as the vehicles for introduction of extraneous DNA into cells, to alter the genetic makeup of the cell. The cells thus altered ma>

Plasmin (n.) A proteid body, separated by some physiologists from blood plasma. It is probably identical with fibrinogen.

Plasmodium (n.) A jellylike mass of free protoplasm, without any union of amoeboid cells, and endowed with life and power of motion.

Plasmodium (n.) A naked mobile mass of protoplasm, formed by the union of several amoebalike young, and constituting one of the stages in the life cycle of Mycetozoa and other low organisms.

Plasmogen (n.) The important living portion of protoplasm, considered a chemical substance of the highest elaboration. Germ plasm and idioplasm are forms of plasmogen.

Plasson (n.) The albuminous material composing the body of a cytode.

Plaster (n.) An external application of a consistency harder than ointment, prepared for use by spreading it on

Plaster (n.) A composition of lime, water, and sand, with or without hair as a bond, for coating walls, ceilings, and partitions of houses. See Mortar.

Plaster (n.) Calcined gypsum, or plaster of Paris, especially when ground, as used for making ornaments, figures, moldings, etc.; or calcined gypsum used as a fertilizer.

Plasterer (n.) One who applies plaster or mortar.

Plasterer (n.) One who makes plaster casts.

Plastering (n.) Same as Plaster, n., 2.

Plastering (n.) The act or process of overlaying with plaster.

Plastering (n.) A covering of plaster; plasterwork.

Plasterwork (n.) Plastering used to finish architectural constructions, exterior or interior, especially that used for the lining of rooms. Ordinarly, mortar is used for the greater part of the work, and pure plaster of Paris for the moldings and ornaments.

plastic (n.) a substance composed predominantly of a synthetic organic high polymer capable of being cast or molded; many varieties of plastic are used to produce articles of commerce (after 1900). [MW10 gives origin of word as 1905]

Plasticity (n.) The quality or state of being plastic.

Plasticity (n.) Plastic force.

Plastid (n.) Alt. of Plastide

Plastide (n.) A formative particle of albuminous matter; a monad; a cytode. See the Note under Morphon.

Plastide (n.) One of the many minute granules found in the protoplasm of vegetable cells. They are divided by their colors into three classes, chloroplastids, chromoplastids, and leucoplastids.

Plastidule (n.) One of the small particles or organic molecules of protoplasm.

Plastin (n.) A substance associated with nuclein in cell nuclei, and by some considered as the fundamental substance of the nucleus.

Plastography (n.) The art of forming figures in any plastic material.

Plastography (n.) Imitation of handwriting; forgery.

Plastron (n.) A piece of leather stuffed or padded, worn by fencers to protect the breast.

Plastron (n.) An iron breastplate, worn under the hauberk.

Plastron (n.) The ventral shield or shell of tortoises and turtles. See Testudinata.

Plastron (n.) A trimming for the front of a woman's dress, made of a different material, and narrowing from the shoulders to the waist.

Plat (n.) Work done by platting or braiding; a plait.

Plat (n.) A small piece or plot of ground laid out with some design, or for a special use; usually, a portion of flat, even ground.

Plat (n.) Plain; flat; level.

Plat (n.) The flat or broad side of a sword.

Plat (n.) A plot; a plan; a design; a diagram; a map; a chart.

Platan (n.) The plane tree.

Platanist (n.) The soosoo.

Platanus (n.) A genus of trees; the plane tree.

Platband (n.) A border of flowers in a garden, along a wall or a parterre; hence, a border.

Platband (n.) A flat molding, or group of moldings, the width of which much exceeds its projection, as the face of an architrave.

Platband (n.) A list or fillet between the flutings of a column.

Plate (n.) A flat, or nearly flat, piece of metal, the thickness of which is small in comparison with the other dimensions; a thick sheet of metal; as, a steel plate.

Plate (n.) Metallic armor composed of broad pieces.

Plate (n.) Domestic vessels and utensils, as flagons, dishes, cups, etc., wrought in gold or silver.

Plate (n.) Metallic ware which is plated, in distinction from that which is genuine silver or gold.

Plate (n.) A small, shallow, and usually circular, vessel of metal or wood, or of earth glazed and baked, from which food is eaten at table.

Plate (n.) A piece of money, usually silver money.

Plate (n.) A piece of metal on which anything is engraved for the purpose of being printed; hence, an impression from the engraved metal; as, a book illustrated with plates; a fashion plate.

Plate (n.) A page of stereotype, electrotype, or the like, for printing from; as, publisher's plates.

Plate (n.) That part of an artificial set of teeth which fits to the mouth, and holds the teeth in place. It may be of gold, platinum, silver, rubber, celluloid, etc.

Plate (n.) A horizontal timber laid upon a wall, or upon corbels projecting from a wall, and supporting the ends of other timbers; also used specifically of the roof plate which supports the ends of the roof trusses or, in simple work, the feet of the rafters.

Plate (n.) A roundel of silver or tinctured argent.

Plate (n.) A sheet of glass, porcelain, metal, etc., with a coating that is sensitive to light.

Plate (n.) A prize giving to the winner in a contest.

Plateau (n.) A flat surface; especially, a broad, level, elevated area of land; a table-land.

Plateau (n.) An ornamental dish for the table; a tray or salver.

Plateful (n.) Enough to fill a plate; as much as a plate will hold.

Platel (n.) A small dish.

Platen (n.) The part of a printing press which presses the paper against the type and by which the impression is made.

Platen (n.) Hence, an analogous part of a typewriter, on which the paper rests to receive an impression.

Platen (n.) The movable table of a machine tool, as a planer, on which the work is fastened, and presented to the action of the tool; -- also called table.

Plater (n.) One who plates or coats articles with gold or silver; as, a silver plater.

Plater (n.) A machine for calendering paper.

Platetrope (n.) One of a pair of a paired organs.

Platform (n.) A plat; a plan; a sketch; a model; a pattern. Used also figuratively.

Platform (n.) A place laid out after a model.

Platform (n.) Any flat or horizontal surface; especially, one that is raised above some particular level, as a framework of timber or boards horizontally joined so as to form a roof, or a raised floor, or portion of a floor; a landing; a dais; a stage, for speakers, performers, or workmen; a standing place.

Platform (n.) A declaration of the principles upon which a person, a sect, or a party proposes to stand; a declared policy or system; as, the Saybrook platform; a political platform.

Platform (n.) A light deck, usually placed in a section of the hold or over the floor of the magazine. See Orlop.

Plathelminth (n.) One of the Platyelminthes.

Platin (n.) See Platen.

Platina (n.) Platinum.

Plating (n.) The art or process of covering anything with a plate or plates, or with metal, particularly of overlaying a base or dull metal with a thin plate of precious or bright metal, as by mechanical means or by electro-magnetic deposition.

Plating (n.) A thin coating of metal laid upon another metal.

Plating (n.) A coating or defensive armor of metal (usually steel) plates.

Platiniridium (n.) A natural alloy of platinum and iridium occurring in grayish metallic rounded or cubical grains with platinum.

Platinochloride (n.) A double chloride of platinum and some other metal or radical; a salt of platinochloric acid.

Platinocyanide (n.) A double cyanide of platinum and some other metal or radical; a salt of platinocyanic acid.

Platinode (n.) A cathode.

Platinoid (n.) An alloy of German silver containing tungsten; -- used for forming electrical resistance coils and standards.

Platinotype (n.) A permanent photographic picture or print in platinum black.

Platinotype (n.) The process by which such pictures are produced.

Platinum (n.) A metallic element, intermediate in value between silver and gold, occurring native or alloyed with other metals, also as the platinum arsenide (sperrylite). It is heavy tin-white metal which is ductile and malleable, but very infusible, and characterized by its resistance to strong chemical reagents. It is used for crucibles, for stills for sulphuric acid, rarely for coin, and in the form of foil and wire for many purposes. Specific gravity 21.5. Atomic weight 194.3. Symbol P>

Platitude (n.) The quality or state of being flat, thin, or insipid; flat commonness; triteness; staleness of ideas of language.

Platitude (n.) A thought or remark which is flat, dull, trite, or weak; a truism; a commonplace.

Platitudinarian (n.) One addicted to uttering platitudes, or stale and insipid truisms.

Platness (n.) Flatness.

Platometer (n.) See Planimeter.

Platonic (n.) A follower of Plato; a Platonist.

Platonism (n.) The doctrines or philosophy by Plato or of his followers.

Platonism (n.) An elevated rational and ethical conception of the laws and forces of the universe; sometimes, imaginative or fantastic philosophical notions.

Platonist (n.) One who adheres to the philosophy of Plato; a follower of Plato.

Platonizer (n.) One who Platonizes.

Platoon (n.) Formerly, a body of men who fired together; also, a small square body of soldiers to strengthen the angles of a hollow square.

Platoon (n.) Now, in the United States service, half of a company.

Platt (n.) See Lodge, n.

Plattdeutsch (n.) The modern dialects spoken in the north of Germany, taken collectively; modern Low German. See Low German, under German.

Platter (n.) One who plats or braids.

Platter (n.) A large plate or shallow dish on which meat or other food is brought to the table.

Platting (n.) Plaited strips or bark, cane, straw, etc., used for making hats or the like.

Platycnemism (n.) Lateral flattening of the tibia.

Platymeter (n.) An apparatus for measuring the capacity of condensers, or the inductive capacity of dielectrics.

Platypod (n.) An animal having broad feet, or a broad foot.

Platypus (n.) The duck mole. See under Duck.

Platyrhine (n.) One of the Platyrhini.

Plaudit (n.) A mark or expression of applause; praise bestowed.

Plausibility (n.) Something worthy of praise.

Plausibility (n.) The quality of being plausible; speciousness.

Plausibility (n.) Anything plausible or specious.

Plausibleness (n.) Quality of being plausible.

Play (n.) To engage in sport or lively recreation; to exercise for the sake of amusement; to frolic; to spot.

Play (n.) To act with levity or thoughtlessness; to trifle; to be careless.

Play (n.) To contend, or take part, in a game; as, to play ball; hence, to gamble; as, he played for heavy stakes.

Play (n.) To perform on an instrument of music; as, to play on a flute.

Play (n.) To act; to behave; to practice deception.

Play (n.) To move in any manner; especially, to move regularly with alternate or reciprocating motion; to operate; to act; as, the fountain plays.

Play (n.) To move gayly; to wanton; to disport.

Play (n.) To act on the stage; to personate a character.

Play (n.) Amusement; sport; frolic; gambols.

Play (n.) Any exercise, or series of actions, intended for amusement or diversion; a game.

Play (n.) The act or practice of contending for victory, amusement, or a prize, as at dice, cards, or billiards; gaming; as, to lose a fortune in play.

Play (n.) Action; use; employment; exercise; practice; as, fair play; sword play; a play of wit.

Play (n.) A dramatic composition; a comedy or tragedy; a composition in which characters are represented by dialogue and action.

Play (n.) The representation or exhibition of a comedy or tragedy; as, he attends ever play.

Play (n.) Performance on an instrument of music.

Play (n.) Motion; movement, regular or irregular; as, the play of a wheel or piston; hence, also, room for motion; free and easy action.

Play (n.) Hence, liberty of acting; room for enlargement or display; scope; as, to give full play to mirth.

Playa (n.) A beach; a strand; in the plains and deserts of Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona, a broad, level spot, on which subsequently becomes dry by evaporation.

Playbill (n.) A printed programme of a play, with the parts assigned to the actors.

Playbook (n.) A book of dramatic compositions; a book of the play.

Playday (n.) A day given to play or diversion; a holiday.

Player (n.) One who plays, or amuses himself; one without serious aims; an idler; a trifler.

Player (n.) One who plays any game.

Player (n.) A dramatic actor.

Player (n.) One who plays on an instrument of music.

Player (n.) A gamester; a gambler.

Playfellow (n.) A companion in amusements or sports; a playmate.

Playfere (n.) A playfellow.

Playgame (n.) Play of children.

Playgoer (n.) One who frequents playhouses, or attends dramatic performances.

Playgoing (n.) The practice of going to plays.

Playground (n.) A piece of ground used for recreation; as, the playground of a school.

Playhouse (n.) A building used for dramatic exhibitions; a theater.

Playhouse (n.) A house for children to play in; a toyhouse.

Playmaker (n.) A playwright.

Playmate (n.) A companion in diversions; a playfellow.

Playte (n.) See Pleyt.

Plaything (n.) A thing to play with; a toy; anything that serves to amuse.

Playtime (n.) Time for play or diversion.

Playwright (n.) A maker or adapter of plays.

Playwriter (n.) A writer of plays; a dramatist; a playwright.

Plaza (n.) A public square in a city or town.

Plea (n.) That which is alleged by a party in support of his cause; in a stricter sense, an allegation of fact in a cause, as distinguished from a demurrer; in a still more limited sense, and in modern practice, the defendant's answer to the plaintiff's declaration and demand. That which the plaintiff alleges in his declaration is answered and repelled or justified by the defendant's plea. In chancery practice, a plea is a special answer showing or relying upon one or more things as a cause>

Plea (n.) A cause in court; a lawsuit; as, the Court of Common Pleas. See under Common.

Plea (n.) That which is alleged or pleaded, in defense or in justification; an excuse; an apology.

Plea (n.) An urgent prayer or entreaty.

Pleader (n.) One who pleads; one who argues for or against; an advotate.

Pleader (n.) One who draws up or forms pleas; the draughtsman of pleas or pleadings in the widest sense; as, a special pleader.

Pleading (n.) The act of advocating, defending, or supporting, a cause by arguments.

Pleasance (n.) Pleasure; merriment; gayety; delight; kindness.

Pleasance (n.) A secluded part of a garden.

Pleasant (n.) A wit; a humorist; a buffoon.

Pleasantness (n.) The state or quality of being pleasant.

Pleasantry (n.) That which denotes or promotes pleasure or good humor; cheerfulness; gayety; merriment; especially, an agreeable playfulness in conversation; a jocose or humorous remark; badinage.

Pleaseman (n.) An officious person who courts favor servilely; a pickthank.

Pleaser (n.) One who pleases or gratifies.

Pleasing (n.) An object of pleasure.

Pleasure (n.) The gratification of the senses or of the mind; agreeable sensations or emotions; the excitement, relish, or happiness produced by the expectation or the enjoyment of something good, delightful, or satisfying; -- opposed to pain, sorrow, etc.

Pleasure (n.) Amusement; sport; diversion; self-indulgence; frivolous or dissipating enjoyment; hence, sensual gratification; -- opposed to labor, service, duty, self-denial, etc.

Pleasure (n.) What the will dictates or prefers as gratifying or satisfying; hence, will; choice; wish; purpose.

Pleasure (n.) That which pleases; a favor; a gratification.

Pleasurer (n.) A pleasure seeker.

Pleasurist (n.) A person devoted to worldly pleasure.

Plebe (n.) The common people; the mob.

Plebe (n.) A member of the lowest class in the military academy at West Point.

Plebeian (n.) One of the plebs, or common people of ancient Rome, in distinction from patrician.

Plebeian (n.) One of the common people, or lower rank of men.

Plebeiance (n.) Plebeianism.

Plebeiance (n.) Plebeians, collectively.

Plebeianism (n.) The quality or state of being plebeian.

Plebeianism (n.) The conduct or manners of plebeians; vulgarity.

Plebicolist (n.) One who flatters, or courts the favor of, the common people; a demagogue.

Plebification (n.) A rendering plebeian; the act of vulgarizing.

Plebiscite (n.) A vote by universal male suffrage; especially, in France, a popular vote, as first sanctioned by the National Constitution of 1791.

Plebiscitum (n.) A law enacted by the common people, under the superintendence of a tribune or some subordinate plebeian magistrate, without the intervention of the senate.

Plectognath (n.) One of the Plectognathi.

Plectrum (n.) A small instrument of ivory, wood, metal, or quill, used in playing upon the lyre and other stringed instruments.

Pledge (n.) The transfer of possession of personal property from a debtor to a creditor as security for a debt or engagement; also, the contract created between the debtor and creditor by a thing being so delivered or deposited, forming a species of bailment; also, that which is so delivered or deposited; something put in pawn.

Pledge (n.) A person who undertook, or became responsible, for another; a bail; a surety; a hostage.

Pledge (n.) A hypothecation without transfer of possession.

Pledge (n.) Anything given or considered as a security for the performance of an act; a guarantee; as, mutual interest is the best pledge for the performance of treaties.

Pledge (n.) A promise or agreement by which one binds one's self to do, or to refrain from doing, something; especially, a solemn promise in writing to refrain from using intoxicating liquors or the like; as, to sign the pledge; the mayor had made no pledges.

Pledge (n.) A sentiment to which assent is given by drinking one's health; a toast; a health.

Pledge (n.) To deposit, as a chattel, in pledge or pawn; to leave in possession of another as security; as, to pledge one's watch.

Pledge (n.) To give or pass as a security; to guarantee; to engage; to plight; as, to pledge one's word and honor.

Pledge (n.) To secure performance of, as by a pledge.

Pledge (n.) To bind or engage by promise or declaration; to engage solemnly; as, to pledge one's self.

Pledge (n.) To invite another to drink, by drinking of the cup first, and then handing it to him, as a pledge of good will; hence, to drink the health of; to toast.

Pledgee (n.) The one to whom a pledge is given, or to whom property pledged is delivered.

Pledgeor (n.) Alt. of Pledgor

Pledgor (n.) One who pledges, or delivers anything in pledge; a pledger; -- opposed to pledgee.

Pledger (n.) One who pledges.

Pledgery (n.) A pledging; suretyship.

Pledget (n.) A small plug.

Pledget (n.) A string of oakum used in calking.

Pledget (n.) A compress, or small flat tent of lint, laid over a wound, ulcer, or the like, to exclude air, retain dressings, or absorb the matter discharged.

Pleiad (n.) One of the Pleiades.

Pleiosaurus (n.) Same as Pliosaurus.

Pleistocene (n.) The Pleistocene epoch, or deposits.

Plenariness (n.) Quality or state of being plenary.

Plenarty (n.) The state of a benefice when occupied.

Plenary (n.) Decisive procedure.

Plenicorn (n.) A ruminant having solid horns or antlers, as the deer.

Plenilune (n.) The full moon.

Plenipotence (n.) Alt. of Plenipotency

Plenipotency (n.) The quality or state of being plenipotent.

Plenipotentiary (n.) A person invested with full power to transact any business; especially, an ambassador or envoy to a foreign court, with full power to negotiate a treaty, or to transact other business.

Plenishing (n.) Household furniture; stock.

Plenist (n.) One who holds that all space is full of matter.

Plenitude (n.) The quality or state of being full or complete; fullness; completeness; abundance; as, the plenitude of space or power.

Plenitude (n.) Animal fullness; repletion; plethora.

Plenitudinarian (n.) A plenist.

Plenum (n.) That state in which every part of space is supposed to be full of matter; -- opposed to vacuum.

Pleochroism (n.) The property possessed by some crystals, of showing different colors when viewed in the direction of different axes.

Pleochromatism (n.) Pleochroism.

Pleomorphism (n.) The property of crystallizing under two or more distinct fundamental forms, including dimorphism and trimorphism.

Pleomorphism (n.) The theory that the various genera of bacteria are phases or variations of growth of a number of Protean species, each of which may exhibit, according to undetermined conditions, all or some of the forms characteristic of the different genera and species.

Pleonasm (n.) Redundancy of language in speaking or writing; the use of more words than are necessary to express the idea; as, I saw it with my own eyes.

Pleonast (n.) One who is addicted to pleonasm.

Pleonaste (n.) A black variety of spinel.

Pleopod (n.) One of the abdominal legs of a crustacean. See Illust. under Crustacea.

Plerome (n.) The central column of parenchyma in a growing stem or root.

Plerophory (n.) Fullness; full persuasion.

Plesance (n.) Pleasance.

Plesh (n.) A pool; a plash.

Plesimorphism (n.) The property possessed by some substances of crystallizing in closely similar forms while unlike in chemical composition.

Plesiosaur (n.) One of the Plesiosauria.

Plesiosaurian (n.) A plesiosaur.

Plesiosaurus (n.) A genus of large extinct marine reptiles, having a very long neck, a small head, and paddles for swimming. It lived in the Mesozoic age.

Plessimeter (n.) See Pleximeter.

Plethora (n.) Overfullness; especially, excessive fullness of the blood vessels; repletion; that state of the blood vessels or of the system when the blood exceeds a healthy standard in quantity; hyperaemia; -- opposed to anaemia.

Plethora (n.) State of being overfull; excess; superabundance.

Plethory (n.) Plethora.

Plethron (n.) Alt. of Plethrum

Plethrum (n.) A long measure of 100 Greek, or 101 English, feet; also, a square measure of 10,000 Greek feet.

Plethysmograph (n.) An instrument for determining and registering the variations in the size or volume of a limb, as the arm or leg, and hence the variations in the amount of blood in the limb.

Plethysmography (n.) The study, by means of the plethysmograph, of the variations in size of a limb, and hence of its blood supply.

Pleura (n.) pl. of Pleuron.

Pleuralgia (n.) Pain in the side or region of the ribs.

Pleurapophysis (n.) One of the ventral processes of a vertebra, or the dorsal element in each half of a hemal arch, forming, or corresponding to, a vertebral rib.

Pleurenchyma (n.) A tissue consisting of long and slender tubular cells, of which wood is mainly composed.

Pleurisy (n.) An inflammation of the pleura, usually accompanied with fever, pain, difficult respiration, and cough, and with exudation into the pleural cavity.

Pleurite (n.) Same as Pleuron.

Pleuritis (n.) Pleurisy.

Pleurobrachia (n.) A genus of ctenophores having an ovate body and two long plumose tentacles.

Pleurobranch (n.) Any one of the gills of a crustacean that is attached to the side of the thorax.

Pleurobranchia (n.) Same as Pleurobranch.

Pleurocarp (n.) Any pleurocarpic moss.

Pleurocentrum (n.) One of the lateral elements in the centra of the vertebrae in some fossil batrachians.

Pleurodont (n.) Any lizard having pleurodont teeth.

Pleurodynia (n.) A painful affection of the side, simulating pleurisy, usually due to rheumatism.

Pleuron (n.) One of the sides of an animal.

Pleuron (n.) One of the lateral pieces of a somite of an insect.

Pleuron (n.) One of lateral processes of a somite of a crustacean.

Pleuroperipneumony (n.) Pleuropneumonia.

Pleuroperitoneum (n.) The pleural and peritoneal membranes, or the membrane lining the body cavity and covering the surface of the inclosed viscera; the peritoneum; -- used especially in the case of those animals in which the body cavity is not divided.

Pleuropneumonia (n.) Inflammation of the pleura and lungs; a combination of pleurisy and pneumonia, esp. a kind of contagions and fatal lung plague of cattle.

Pleurosigma (n.) A genus of diatoms of elongated elliptical shape, but having the sides slightly curved in the form of a letter S. Pleurosigma angulatum has very fine striations, and is a favorite object for testing the high powers of microscopes.

Pleurosteon (n.) The antero-lateral piece which articulates the sternum of birds.

Pleurothotonus (n.) A species of tetanus, in which the body is curved laterally.

Pleurotoma (n.) Any marine gastropod belonging to Pleurotoma, and ether allied genera of the family Pleurotmidae. The species are very numerous, especially in tropical seas. The outer lip has usually a posterior notch or slit.

Plevin (n.) A warrant or assurance.

Pleximeter (n.) A small, hard, elastic plate, as of ivory, bone, or rubber, placed in contact with body to receive the blow, in examination by mediate percussion.

Plexure (n.) The act or process of weaving together, or interweaving; that which is woven together.

Plexus (n.) A network of vessels, nerves, or fibers.

Plexus (n.) The system of equations required for the complete expression of the relations which exist between a set of quantities.

Pleyt (n.) An old term for a river boat.

Pliability (n.) The quality or state of being pliable; flexibility; as, pliability of disposition.

Pliancy (n.) The quality or state of being pliant in sense; as, the pliancy of a rod.

Plication (n.) A folding or fold; a plait.

Plicature (n.) A fold; a doubling; a plication.

Plicidentine (n.) A form of dentine which shows sinuous

Plight (n.) A network; a plait; a fold; rarely a garment.

Plight (n.) That which is exposed to risk; that which is plighted or pledged; security; a gage; a pledge.

Plight (n.) Condition; state; -- risk, or exposure to danger, often being implied; as, a luckless plight.

Plight (n.) To pledge; to give as a pledge for the performance of some act; as, to plight faith, honor, word; -- never applied to property or goods.

Plight (n.) To promise; to engage; to betroth.

Plighter (n.) One who, or that which, plights.

Plinth (n.) In classical architecture, a vertically faced member immediately below the circular base of a column; also, the lowest member of a pedestal; hence, in general, the lowest member of a base; a sub-base; a block upon which the moldings of an architrave or trim are stopped at the bottom. See Illust. of Column.

Pliocene (n.) The Pliocene period or deposits.

Pliohippus (n.) An extinct genus of horses from the Pliocene deposits. Each foot had a single toe (or hoof), as in the common horse.

Pliosaurus (n.) An extinct genus of marine reptiles allied to Plesiosaurus, but having a much shorter neck.

Plitt (n.) An instrument of punishment or torture resembling the knout, used in Russia.

Ploc (n.) A mixture of hair and tar for covering the bottom of a ship.

Ploce (n.) A figure in which a word is separated or repeated by way of emphasis, so as not only to signify the individual thing denoted by it, but also its peculiar attribute or quality; as, "His wife's a wife indeed."

Plodder (n.) One who plods; a drudge.

Plongee (n.) A slope or sloping toward the front; as, the plongee of a parapet; the plongee of a shell in its course.

Plot (n.) A small extent of ground; a plat; as, a garden plot.

Plot (n.) A plantation laid out.

Plot (n.) A plan or draught of a field, farm, estate, etc., drawn to a scale.

Plot (n.) Any scheme, stratagem, secret design, or plan, of a complicated nature, adapted to the accomplishment of some purpose, usually a treacherous and mischievous one; a conspiracy; an intrigue; as, the Rye-house Plot.

Plot (n.) A share in such a plot or scheme; a participation in any stratagem or conspiracy.

Plot (n.) Contrivance; deep reach of thought; ability to plot or intrigue.

Plot (n.) A plan; a purpose.

Plot (n.) In fiction, the story of a play, novel, romance, or poem, comprising a complication of incidents which are gradually unfolded, sometimes by unexpected means.

Plotinist (n.) A disciple of Plotinus, a celebrated Platonic philosopher of the third century, who taught that the human soul emanates from the divine Being, to whom it reunited at death.

Plotter (n.) One who plots or schemes; a contriver; a conspirator; a schemer.

Plover (n.) Any one of numerous species of limico

Plover (n.) Any grallatorial bird allied to, or resembling, the true plovers, as the crab plover (Dromas ardeola); the American upland, plover (Bartramia longicauda); and other species of sandpipers.

Plow (n.) Alt. of Plough

Plough (n.) A well-known implement, drawn by horses, mules, oxen, or other power, for turning up the soil to prepare it for bearing crops; also used to furrow or break up the soil for other purposes; as, the subsoil plow; the draining plow.

Plough (n.) Fig.: Agriculture; husbandry.

Plough (n.) A carucate of land; a plowland.

Plough (n.) A joiner's plane for making grooves; a grooving plane.

Plough (n.) An implement for trimming or shaving off the edges of books.

Plough (n.) Same as Charles's Wain.

Plough (n.) To cut a groove in, as in a plank, or the edge of a board; especially, a rectangular groove to receive the end of a shelf or tread, the edge of a panel, a tongue, etc.

Plowbote (n.) Alt. of Ploughbote

Ploughbote (n.) Wood or timber allowed to a tenant for the repair of instruments of husbandry. See Bote.

Plowboy (n.) Alt. of Ploughboy

Ploughboy (n.) A boy that drives or guides a team in plowing; a young rustic.

Plower (n.) Alt. of Plougher

Plougher (n.) One who plows; a plowman; a cultivator.

Plowfoot (n.) Alt. of Ploughfoot

Ploughfoot (n.) An adjustable staff formerly attached to the plow beam to determine the depth of the furrow.

Plowgang (n.) Alt. of Ploughgang

Ploughgang (n.) Same as Plowgate.

Plowgate (n.) Alt. of Ploughgate

Ploughgate (n.) The Scotch equivalent of the English word plowland.

Plowhead (n.) Alt. of Ploughhead

Ploughhead (n.) The clevis or draught iron of a plow.

Plowland (n.) Alt. of Plougland

Plougland (n.) Land that is plowed, or suitable for tillage.

Plougland (n.) the quantity of land allotted for the work of one plow; a hide.

Plowman (n.) Alt. of Ploughman

Ploughman (n.) One who plows, or who holds and guides a plow; hence, a husbandman.

Ploughman (n.) A rustic; a countryman; a field laborer.

Plowpoint (n.) Alt. of Ploughpoint

Ploughpoint (n.) A detachable share at the extreme front end of the plow body.

Plowshare (n.) Alt. of Ploughshare

Ploughshare (n.) The share of a plow, or that part which cuts the slice of earth or sod at the bottom of the furrow.

Plowtail (n.) Alt. of Ploughtail

Ploughtail (n.) The hind part or handle of a plow.

Plowwright (n.) Alt. of Ploughwright

Ploughwright (n.) One who makes or repairs plows.

Ploy (n.) Sport; frolic.

Ployment (n.) The act or movement of forming a column from a

Pluck (n.) The act of plucking; a pull; a twitch.

Pluck (n.) The heart, liver, and lights of an animal.

Pluck (n.) Spirit; courage; indomitable resolution; fortitude.

Pluck (n.) The act of plucking, or the state of being plucked, at college. See Pluck, v. t., 4.

Plucker (n.) One who, or that which, plucks.

Plucker (n.) A machine for straightening and cleaning wool.

Pluckiness (n.) The quality or state of being plucky.

Pluff (n.) A puff, as of smoke from a pipe, or of dust from a puffball; a slight explosion, as of a small quantity of gunpowder.

Pluff (n.) A hairdresser's powder puff; also, the act of using it.

Plug (n.) Any piece of wood, metal, or other substance used to stop or fill a hole; a stopple.

Plug (n.) A flat oblong cake of pressed tobacco.

Plug (n.) A high, tapering silk hat.

Plug (n.) A worthless horse.

Plug (n.) A block of wood let into a wall, to afford a hold for nails.

Plugger (n.) One who, or that which, plugs.

Plugging (n.) The act of stopping with a plug.

Plugging (n.) The material of which a plug or stopple is made.

Plum (n.) The edible drupaceous fruit of the Prunus domestica, and of several other species of Prunus; also, the tree itself, usually called plum tree.

Plum (n.) A grape dried in the sun; a raisin.

Plum (n.) A handsome fortune or property; formerly, in cant language, the sum of 100,000 sterling; also, the person possessing it.

Pluma (n.) A feather.

Plumage (n.) The entire clothing of a bird.

Plumassary (n.) A plume or collection of ornamental feathers.

Plumassier (n.) One who prepares or deals in ornamental plumes or feathers.

Plumb (n.) A little mass or weight of lead, or the like, attached to a

Plumbage (n.) Leadwork

Plumbagin (n.) A crystal

Plumbago (n.) Same as Graphite.

Plumbago (n.) A genus of herbaceous plants with pretty salver-shaped corollas, usually blue or violet; leadwort.

Plumber (n.) One who works in lead; esp., one who furnishes, fits, and repairs lead, iron, or glass pipes, and other apparatus for the conveyance of water, gas, or drainage in buildings.

Plumbery (n.) The business of a plumber.

Plumbery (n.) A place where plumbing is carried on; lead works.

Plumbing (n.) The art of casting and working in lead, and applying it to building purposes; especially, the business of furnishing, fitting, and repairing pipes for conducting water, sewage, etc.

Plumbing (n.) The lead or iron pipes, and other apparatus, used in conveying water, sewage, etc., in a building.

Plumbism (n.) A diseased condition, produced by the absorption of lead, common among workers in this metal or in its compounds, as among painters, typesetters, etc. It is characterized by various symptoms, as lead colic, lead

Plumbum (n.) The technical name of lead. See Lead.

Plumelet (n.) A small plume.

Plumery (n.) Plumes, collectively or in general; plumage.

Plumicorn (n.) An ear tuft of feathers, as in the horned owls.

Plumiped (n.) A plumiped bird.

Plummet (n.) A piece of lead attached to a

Plummet (n.) A plumb bob or a plumb

Plummet (n.) Hence, any weight.

Plummet (n.) A piece of lead formerly used by school children to rule paper for writing.

Plumming (n.) The operation of finding, by means of a mine dial, the place where to sink an air shaft, or to bring an adit to the work, or to find which way the lode inc

Plumosite (n.) Same as Jamesonite.

Plumosity (n.) The quality or state of being plumose.

Plump (n.) A knot; a cluster; a group; a crowd; a flock; as, a plump of trees, fowls, or spears.

Plumper (n.) One who, or that which, plumps or swells out something else; hence, something carried in the mouth to distend the cheeks.

Plumper (n.) A vote given to one candidate only, when two or more are to be elected, thus giving him the advantage over the others. A person who gives his vote thus is said to plump, or to plump his vote.

Plumper (n.) A voter who plumps his vote.

Plumper (n.) A downright, unqualified lie.

Plumpness (n.) The quality or state of being plump.

Plumula (n.) A plumule.

Plumula (n.) A down feather.

Plumularia (n.) Any hydroid belonging to Plumularia and other genera of the family Plumularidae. They generally grow in plumelike forms.

Plumularian (n.) Any Plumularia. Also used adjectively.

Plumule (n.) The first bud, or gemmule, of a young plant; the bud, or growing point, of the embryo, above the cotyledons. See Illust. of Radicle.

Plumule (n.) A down feather.

Plumule (n.) The aftershaft of a feather. See Illust. under Feather.

Plumule (n.) One of the featherlike scales of certain male butterflies.

Plunder (n.) The act of plundering or pillaging; robbery. See Syn. of Pillage.

Plunder (n.) That which is taken by open force from an enemy; pillage; spoil; booty; also, that which is taken by theft or fraud.

Plunder (n.) Personal property and effects; baggage or luggage.

Plunderage (n.) The embezzlement of goods on shipboard.

Plunderer (n.) One who plunders or pillages.

Plunge (n.) The act of thrusting into or submerging; a dive, leap, rush, or pitch into, or as into, water; as, to take the water with a plunge.

Plunge (n.) Hence, a desperate hazard or act; a state of being submerged or overwhelmed with difficulties.

Plunge (n.) The act of pitching or throwing one's self headlong or violently forward, like an unruly horse.

Plunge (n.) Heavy and reckless betting in horse racing; hazardous speculation.

Plunger (n.) One who, or that which, plunges; a diver.

Plunger (n.) A long solid cylinder, used, instead of a piston or bucket, as a forcer in pumps.

Plunger (n.) One who bets heavily and recklessly on a race; a reckless speculator.

Plunger (n.) A boiler in which clay is beaten by a wheel to a creamy consistence.

Plunger (n.) The firing pin of a breechloader.

Plunket (n.) A kind of blue color; also, anciently, a kind of cloth, generally blue.

Pluperfect (n.) The pluperfect tense; also, a verb in the pluperfect tense.

Plural (n.) The plural number; that form of a word which expresses or denotes more than one; a word in the plural form.

Pluralism (n.) The quality or state of being plural, or in the plural number.

Pluralism (n.) The state of a pluralist; the holding of more than one ecclesiastical living at a time.

Pluralist (n.) A clerk or clergyman who holds more than one ecclesiastical benefice.

Plurality (n.) The state of being plural, or consisting of more than one; a number consisting of two or more of the same kind; as, a plurality of worlds; the plurality of a verb.

Plurality (n.) The greater number; a majority; also, the greatest of several numbers; in elections, the excess of the votes given for one candidate over those given for another, or for any other, candidate. When there are more than two candidates, the one who receives the plurality of votes may have less than a majority. See Majority.

Plurality (n.) See Plurality of benefices, below.

Pluralization (n.) The act of pluralizing.

Pluralizer (n.) A pluralist.

Pluries (n.) A writ issued in the third place, after two former writs have been disregarded.

Pluriliteral (n.) A pluriliteral word.

Pluripresence (n.) Presence in more places than one.

Plurisy (n.) Superabundance; excess; plethora.

Plush (n.) A textile fabric with a nap or shag on one side, longer and softer than the nap of velvet.

Plutarchy (n.) Plutocracy; the rule of wealth.

Pluteus (n.) The free-swimming larva of sea urchins and ophiurans, having several long stiff processes inclosing calcareous rods.

Pluto (n.) The son of Saturn and Rhea, brother of Jupiter and Neptune; the dark and gloomy god of the Lower World.

Plutocracy (n.) A form of government in which the supreme power is lodged in the hands of the wealthy classes; government by the rich; also, a controlling or influential class of rich men.

Plutocrat (n.) One whose wealth gives him power or influence; one of the plutocracy.

Plutology (n.) The science which treats of wealth.

Plutonian (n.) A Plutonist.

Plutonism (n.) The theory, early advanced in geology, that the successive rocks of the earth's crust were formed by igneous fusion; -- opposed to the Neptunian theory.

Plutonist (n.) One who adopts the geological theory of igneous fusion; a Plutonian. See Plutonism.

Plutus (n.) The son of Jason and Ceres, and the god of wealth. He was represented as bearing a cornucopia, and as blind, because his gifts were bestowed without discrimination of merit.

Pluvial (n.) A priest's cope.

Pluviameter (n.) See Pluviometer.

Pluvian (n.) The crocodile bird.

Pluviometer (n.) An instrument for ascertaining the amount of rainfall at any place in a given time; a rain gauge.

Pluviose (n.) The fifth month of the French republican calendar adopted in 1793. It began January 20, and ended February 18. See Vendemiaire.

Plyer (n.) One who, or that which, plies

Plyer (n.) A kind of balance used in raising and letting down a drawbridge. It consists of timbers joined in the form of a St. Andrew's cross.

Plyer (n.) See Pliers.

Pneometer (n.) A spirometer.

Pneumaticity (n.) The state of being pneumatic, or of having a cavity or cavities filled with air; as, the pneumaticity of the bones of birds.

Pneumatics (n.) That branch of science which treats of the mechanical properties of air and other elastic fluids, as of their weight, pressure, elasticity, etc. See Mechanics.

Pneumatics (n.) The scientific study or knowledge of spiritual beings and their relations to God, angels, and men.

Pneumatocele (n.) A distention of the scrotum by air; also, hernia of the lungs.

Pneumatocyst (n.) A cyst or sac of a siphonophore, containing air, and serving as a float, as in Physalia.

Pneumatogarm (n.) A tracing of the respiratory movements, obtained by a pneumatograph or stethograph.

Pneumatograph (n.) An instrument for recording the movements of the thorax or chest wall during respiration; -- also called stethograph.

Pneumatologist (n.) One versed in pneumatology.

Pneumatology (n.) The doctrine of, or a treatise on, air and other elastic fluids. See Pneumatics, 1.

Pneumatology (n.) The science of spiritual being or phenomena of any description.

Pneumatometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the amount of force exerted by the lungs in respiration.

Pneumatometry (n.) See Spirometry.

Pneumatophore (n.) One of the Pneumonophora.

Pneumatothorax (n.) See Pneumothorax.

Pneumococcus (n.) A form of micrococcus found in the sputum (and elsewhere) of persons suffering with pneumonia, and thought to be the cause of this disease.

Pneumogastric (n.) The pneumogastric nerve.

Pneumograph (n.) Same as Pneumatograph.

Pneumography (n.) A description of the lungs.

Pneumology (n.) The science which treats of the lungs.

Pneumometer (n.) A spirometer.

Pneumometry (n.) Measurement of the capacity of the lungs for air.

Pneumonia (n.) Inflammation of the lungs.

Pneumonic (n.) A medicine for affections of the lungs.

Pneumonitis (n.) Inflammation of the lungs; pneumonia.

Pneumonometer (n.) A spirometer; a pneumometer.

Pneumony (n.) See Pneumonia.

Pneumoskeleton (n.) A chitinous structure which supports the gill in some invertebrates.

Pneumotherapy (n.) The treatment of disease by inhalations of compressed or rarefied air.

Pneumothorax (n.) A condition in which air or other gas is present in the cavity of the chest; -- called also pneumatothorax.

Pnigalion (n.) Nightmare.

Pnyx (n.) The place at Athens where the meetings of the people were held for making decrees, etc.

Poa (n.) A genus of grasses, including a great number of species, as the kinds called meadow grass, Kentucky blue grass, June grass, and spear grass (which see).

Poachard (n.) A common European duck (Aythya ferina); -- called also goldhead, poker, and fresh-water, / red-headed, widgeon.

Poachard (n.) The American redhead, which is closely allied to the European poachard.

Poacher (n.) One who poaches; one who kills or catches game or fish contrary to law.

Poacher (n.) The American widgeon.

Poachiness (n.) The state of being poachy; marshiness.

Poak (n.) Alt. of Poake

Poake (n.) Waste matter from the preparation of skins, consisting of hair, lime, oil, etc.

Pocan (n.) The poke (Phytolacca decandra); -- called also pocan bush.

Pochard (n.) See Poachard.

Pock (n.) A pustule raised on the surface of the body in variolous and vaccine diseases.

Pocket (n.) A bag or pouch; especially; a small bag inserted in a garment for carrying small articles, particularly money; hence, figuratively, money; wealth.

Pocket (n.) One of several bags attached to a billiard table, into which the balls are driven.

Pocket (n.) A large bag or sack used in packing various articles, as ginger, hops, cowries, etc.

Pocket (n.) A hole or space covered by a movable piece of board, as in a floor, boxing, partitions, or the like.

Pocket (n.) A cavity in a rock containing a nugget of gold, or other mineral; a small body of ore contained in such a cavity.

Pocket (n.) A hole containing water.

Pocket (n.) A strip of canvas, sewn upon a sail so that a batten or a light spar can placed in the interspace.

Pocket (n.) Same as Pouch.

Pocketbook (n.) A small book or case for carrying papers, money, etc., in the pocket; also, a notebook for the pocket.

Pocketful (n.) As much as a pocket will hold; enough to fill a pocket; as, pocketfuls of chestnuts.

Pocketknife (n.) A knife with one or more blades, which fold into the handle so as to admit of being carried in the pocket.

Pockiness (n.) The state of being pocky.

Pockmark (n.) A mark or pit made by smallpox.

Pock-pudding (n.) A bag pudding; a name of reproach or ridicule formerly applied by the Scotch to the English.

Pockwood (n.) Lignum-vitae.

Pocock (n.) Peacock.

Pococurante (n.) A careless person; a trifler.

Pococurantism (n.) Carelessness; apathy; indifference.

Pocoson (n.) Low, wooded grounds or swamps in Eastern Maryland and Virginia.

Pod (n.) A bag; a pouch.

Pod (n.) A capsule of plant, especially a legume; a dry dehiscent fruit. See Illust. of Angiospermous.

Pod (n.) A considerable number of animals closely clustered together; -- said of seals.

Podagra (n.) Gout in the joints of the foot; -- applied also to gout in other parts of body.

Podalgia (n.) pain in the foot, due to gout, rheumatism, etc.

Podarthrum (n.) The foot joint; in birds, the joint between the metatarsus and the toes.

Podder (n.) One who collects pods or pulse.

Podesta (n.) One of the chief magistrates of the Italian republics in the Middle Ages.

Podesta (n.) A mayor, alderman, or other magistrate, in some towns of Italy.

Podetium (n.) A stalk which bears the fructification in some lichens, as in the so-called reindeer moss.

Podge (n.) A puddle; a plash.

Podge (n.) Porridge.

Podiceps (n.) See Grebe.

Podium (n.) A low wall, serving as a foundation, a substructure, or a terrace wall.

Podium (n.) The dwarf wall surrounding the arena of an amphitheater, from the top of which the seats began.

Podium (n.) The masonry under the stylobate of a temple, sometimes a mere foundation, sometimes containing chambers.

Podium (n.) The foot.

Podley (n.) A young coalfish.

Podobranch (n.) One of the branchiae attached to the bases of the legs in Crustacea.

Podobranchia (n.) Same as Podobranch.

Podocarp (n.) A stem, or footstalk, supporting the fruit.

Podogynium (n.) Same as Basigynium

Podophthalmite (n.) The eyestalk of a crustacean.

Podophyllin (n.) A brown bitter gum extracted from the rootstalk of the May apple (Podophyllum peltatum). It is a complex mixture of several substances.

Podophyllum (n.) A genus of herbs of the Barberry family, having large palmately lobed peltate leaves and solitary flower. There are two species, the American Podohyllum peltatum, or May apple, the Himalayan P. Emodi.

Podophyllum (n.) The rhizome and rootlet of the May apple (Podophyllum peltatum), -- used as a cathartic drug.

Podoscaph (n.) A canoe-shaped float attached to the foot, for walking on water.

Podosperm (n.) The stalk of a seed or ovule.

Podotheca (n.) The scaly covering of the foot of a bird or reptile.

Podrida (n.) A miscellaneous dish of meats. See Olla-podrida.

Podura (n.) Any small leaping thysanurous insect of the genus Podura and related genera; a springtail.

Podurid (n.) Any species of Podura or allied genera.

Poe (n.) Same as Poi.

Poebird (n.) The parson bird.

Poecile (n.) Same as Poicile.

Poecilopod (n.) One of the Poecilopoda. Also used adjectively.

Poem (n.) A metrical composition; a composition in verse written in certain measures, whether in blank verse or in rhyme, and characterized by imagination and poetic diction; -- contradistinguished from prose; as, the poems of Homer or of Milton.

Poem (n.) A composition, not in verse, of which the language is highly imaginative or impassioned; as, a prose poem; the poems of Ossian.

Poenamu (n.) A variety of jade or nephrite, -- used in New Zealand for the manufacture of axes and weapons.

Poenology (n.) See Penology.

Poesy (n.) The art of composing poems; poetical skill or faculty; as, the heavenly gift of poesy.

Poesy (n.) Poetry; metrical composition; poems.

Poesy (n.) A short conceit or motto engraved on a ring or other thing; a posy.

Poet (n.) One skilled in making poetry; one who has a particular genius for metrical composition; the author of a poem; an imaginative thinker or writer.

Poetaster (n.) An inferior rhymer, or writer of verses; a dabbler in poetic art.

Poetastry (n.) The works of a poetaster.

Poetess (n.) A female poet.

Poetics (n.) The principles and rules of the art of poetry.

Poeticule (n.) A poetaster.

Poetry (n.) The art of apprehending and interpreting ideas by the faculty of imagination; the art of idealizing in thought and in expression.

Poetry (n.) Imaginative language or composition, whether expressed rhythmically or in prose. Specifically: Metrical composition; verse; rhyme; poems collectively; as, heroic poetry; dramatic poetry; lyric or Pindaric poetry.

Poetship (n.) The state or personality of a poet.

Poggy (n.) See Porgy.

Poggy (n.) A small whale.

Pogy (n.) The menhaden.

Pohagen (n.) See Pauhaugen.

Poi (n.) A national food of the Hawaiians, made by baking and pounding the kalo (or taro) root, and reducing it to a thin paste, which is allowed to ferment.

Poicile (n.) Alt. of Poecile

Poecile (n.) The frescoed porch or gallery in Athens where Zeno taught.

Poignancy (n.) The quality or state of being poignant; as, the poignancy of satire; the poignancy of grief.

Poikilocyte (n.) An irregular form of corpuscle found in the blood in cases of profound anaemia, probably a degenerated red blood corpuscle.

Poinciana (n.) A prickly tropical shrub (Caesalpinia, formerly Poinciana, pulcherrima), with bipinnate leaves, and racemes of showy orange-red flowers with long crimson filaments.

Poinder (n.) The keeper of a cattle pound; a pinder.

Poinder (n.) One who distrains property.

Poinsettia (n.) A Mexican shrub (Euphorbia pulcherrima) with very large and conspicuous vermilion bracts below the yellowish flowers.

Point (n.) That which pricks or pierces; the sharp end of anything, esp. the sharp end of a piercing instrument, as a needle or a pin.

Point (n.) An instrument which pricks or pierces, as a sort of needle used by engravers, etchers, lace workers, and others; also, a pointed cutting tool, as a stone cutter's point; -- called also pointer.

Point (n.) Anything which tapers to a sharp, well-defined termination. Specifically: A small promontory or cape; a tract of land extending into the water beyond the common shore

Point (n.) The mark made by the end of a sharp, piercing instrument, as a needle; a prick.

Point (n.) An indefinitely small space; a mere spot indicated or supposed. Specifically: (Geom.) That which has neither parts nor magnitude; that which has position, but has neither length, breadth, nor thickness, -- sometimes conceived of as the limit of a

Point (n.) An indivisible portion of time; a moment; an instant; hence, the verge.

Point (n.) A mark of punctuation; a character used to mark the divisions of a composition, or the pauses to be observed in reading, or to point off groups of figures, etc.; a stop, as a comma, a semicolon, and esp. a period; hence, figuratively, an end, or conclusion.

Point (n.) Whatever serves to mark progress, rank, or relative position, or to indicate a transition from one state or position to another, degree; step; stage; hence, position or condition attained; as, a point of elevation, or of depression; the stock fell off five points; he won by tenpoints.

Point (n.) That which arrests attention, or indicates qualities or character; a salient feature; a characteristic; a peculiarity; hence, a particular; an item; a detail; as, the good or bad points of a man, a horse, a book, a story, etc.

Point (n.) Hence, the most prominent or important feature, as of an argument, discourse, etc.; the essential matter; esp., the proposition to be established; as, the point of an anecdote.

Point (n.) A small matter; a trifle; a least consideration; a punctilio.

Point (n.) A dot or mark used to designate certain tones or time

Point (n.) A dot or mark distinguishing or characterizing certain tones or styles; as, points of perfection, of augmentation, etc.; hence, a note; a tune.

Point (n.) A dot placed at the right hand of a note, to raise its value, or prolong its time, by one half, as to make a whole note equal to three half notes, a half note equal to three quarter notes.

Point (n.) A fixed conventional place for reference, or zero of reckoning, in the heavens, usually the intersection of two or more great circles of the sphere, and named specifically in each case according to the position intended; as, the equinoctial points; the solstitial points; the nodal points; vertical points, etc. See Equinoctial Nodal.

Point (n.) One of the several different parts of the escutcheon. See Escutcheon.

Point (n.) One of the points of the compass (see Points of the compass, below); also, the difference between two points of the compass; as, to fall off a point.

Point (n.) A short piece of cordage used in reefing sails. See Reef point, under Reef.

Point (n.) A a string or lace used to tie together certain parts of the dress.

Point (n.) Lace wrought the needle; as, point de Venise; Brussels point. See Point lace, below.

Point (n.) A switch.

Point (n.) An item of private information; a hint; a tip; a pointer.

Point (n.) A fielder who is stationed on the off side, about twelve or fifteen yards from, and a little in advance of, the batsman.

Point (n.) The attitude assumed by a pointer dog when he finds game; as, the dog came to a point. See Pointer.

Point (n.) A standard unit of measure for the size of type bodies, being one twelfth of the thickness of pica type. See Point system of type, under Type.

Point (n.) A tyne or snag of an antler.

Point (n.) One of the spaces on a backgammon board.

Point (n.) A movement executed with the saber or foil; as, tierce point.

Point (n.) To give a point to; to sharpen; to cut, forge, grind, or file to an acute end; as, to point a dart, or a pencil. Used also figuratively; as, to point a moral.

Point (n.) To direct toward an abject; to aim; as, to point a gun at a wolf, or a cannon at a fort.

Point (n.) Hence, to direct the attention or notice of.

Point (n.) To supply with punctuation marks; to punctuate; as, to point a composition.

Point (n.) To mark (as Hebrew) with vowel points.

Point (n.) To give particular prominence to; to designate in a special manner; to indicate, as if by pointing; as, the error was pointed out.

Point (n.) To indicate or discover by a fixed look, as game.

Point (n.) To fill up and finish the joints of (a wall), by introducing additional cement or mortar, and bringing it to a smooth surface.

Point (n.) To cut, as a surface, with a pointed tool.

Pointal (n.) The pistil of a plant.

Pointal (n.) A kind of pencil or style used with the tablets of the Middle Ages.

Pointal (n.) See Poyntel.

Point-blank (n.) The white spot on a target, at which an arrow or other missile is aimed.

Point-blank (n.) With all small arms, the second point in which the natural

Point-blank (n.) With artillery, the point where the projectile first strikes the horizontal plane on which the gun stands, the axis of the piece being horizontal.

Pointel (n.) See Pointal.

Pointer (n.) One who, or that which, points.

Pointer (n.) The hand of a timepiece.

Pointer (n.) One of a breed of dogs trained to stop at scent of game, and with the nose point it out to sportsmen.

Pointer (n.) The two stars (Merak and Dubhe) in the Great Bear, the

Pointer (n.) Diagonal braces sometimes fixed across the hold.

Pointing (n.) The act of sharpening.

Pointing (n.) The act of designating, as a position or direction, by means of something pointed, as a finger or a rod.

Pointing (n.) The act or art of punctuating; punctuation.

Pointing (n.) The act of filling and finishing the joints in masonry with mortar, cement, etc.; also, the material so used.

Pointing (n.) The rubbing off of the point of the wheat grain in the first process of high milling.

Pointing (n.) The act or process of measuring, at the various distances from the surface of a block of marble, the surface of a future piece of statuary; also, a process used in cutting the statue from the artist's model.

Pointingstock (n.) An object of ridicule or scorn; a laughingstock.

Pointrel (n.) A graving tool.

Pointsman (n.) A man who has charge of railroad points or switches.

Poise (n.) To balance; to make of equal weight; as, to poise the scales of a balance.

Poise (n.) To hold or place in equilibrium or equiponderance.

Poise (n.) To counterpoise; to counterbalance.

Poise (n.) To ascertain, as by the balance; to weigh.

Poise (n.) To weigh (down); to oppress.

Poiser (n.) The balancer of dipterous insects.

Poison (n.) Any agent which, when introduced into the animal organism, is capable of producing a morbid, noxious, or deadly effect upon it; as, morphine is a deadly poison; the poison of pestilential diseases.

Poison (n.) That which taints or destroys moral purity or health; as, the poison of evil example; the poison of sin.

Poison (n.) To put poison upon or into; to infect with poison; as, to poison an arrow; to poison food or drink.

Poison (n.) To injure or kill by poison; to administer poison to.

Poison (n.) To taint; to corrupt; to vitiate; as, vice poisons happiness; slander poisoned his mind.

Poisoner (n.) One who poisons.

Poisure (n.) Weight.

Poize (n.) See Poise.

Pokal (n.) A tall drinking cup.

Poke (n.) A large North American herb of the genus Phytolacca (P. decandra), bearing dark purple juicy berries; -- called also garget, pigeon berry, pocan, and pokeweed. The root and berries have emetic and purgative properties, and are used in medicine. The young shoots are sometimes eaten as a substitute for asparagus, and the berries are said to be used in Europe to color wine.

Poke (n.) A bag; a sack; a pocket.

Poke (n.) A long, wide sleeve; -- called also poke sleeve.

Poke (n.) The act of poking; a thrust; a jog; as, a poke in the ribs.

Poke (n.) A lazy person; a dawdler; also, a stupid or uninteresting person.

Poke (n.) A contrivance to prevent an animal from leaping or breaking through fences. It consists of a yoke with a pole inserted, pointed forward.

Pokebag (n.) The European long-tailed titmouse; -- called also poke-pudding.

Poker (n.) One who pokes.

Poker (n.) That which pokes or is used in poking, especially a metal bar or rod used in stirring a fire of coals.

Poker (n.) A poking-stick.

Poker (n.) The poachard.

Poker (n.) A game at cards derived from brag, and first played about 1835 in the Southwestern United States.

Poker (n.) Any imagined frightful object, especially one supposed to haunt the darkness; a bugbear.

Poket (n.) A pocket.

Pokeweed (n.) See Poke, the plant.

Poking-stick (n.) A small stick or rod of steel, formerly used in adjusting the plaits of ruffs.

Polacca (n.) A vessel with two or three masts, used in the Mediterranean. The masts are usually of one piece, and without tops, caps, or crosstrees.

Polacca (n.) See Polonaise.

Polack (n.) A Polander.

Polacre (n.) Same as Polacca, 1.

Polander (n.) A native or inhabitant of Poland; a Pole.

Polar (n.) The right

Polarchy (n.) See Polyarchy.

Polarimeter (n.) An instrument for determining the amount of polarization of light, or the proportion of polarized light, in a partially polarized ray.

Polarimetry (n.) The art or process of measuring the polarization of light.

Polaris (n.) The polestar. See North star, under North.

Polariscope (n.) An instrument consisting essentially of a polarizer and an analyzer, used for polarizing light, and analyzing its properties.

Polariscopy (n.) The art or rocess of making observations with the polariscope.

Polarity (n.) That quality or condition of a body in virtue of which it exhibits opposite, or contrasted, properties or powers, in opposite, or contrasted, parts or directions; or a condition giving rise to a contrast of properties corresponding to a contrast of positions, as, for example, attraction and repulsion in the opposite parts of a magnet, the dissimilar phenomena corresponding to the different sides of a polarized ray of light, etc.

Polarity (n.) A property of the conic sections by virtue of which a given point determines a corresponding right

Polarization (n.) The act of polarizing; the state of being polarized, or of having polarity.

Polarization (n.) A peculiar affection or condition of the rays of light or heat, in consequence of which they exhibit different properties in different directions.

Polarization (n.) An effect produced upon the plates of a voltaic battery, or the electrodes in an electrolytic cell, by the deposition upon them of the gases liberated by the action of the current. It is chiefly due to the hydrogen, and results in an increase of the resistance, and the setting up of an opposing electro-motive force, both of which tend materially to weaken the current of the battery, or that passing through the cell.

Polarizer (n.) That which polarizes; especially, the part of a polariscope which receives and polarizes the light. It is usually a reflecting plate, or a plate of some crystal, as tourma

Polatouche (n.) A flying squirrel (Sciuropterus volans) native of Northern Europe and Siberia; -- called also minene.

Polder (n.) A tract of low land reclaimed from the sea by of high embankments.

Poldway (n.) A kind of coarse bagging, -- used for coal sacks.

Pole (n.) A native or inhabitant of Poland; a Polander.

Pole (n.) A long, slender piece of wood; a tall, slender piece of timber; the stem of a small tree whose branches have been removed; as, specifically: (a) A carriage pole, a wooden bar extending from the front axle of a carriage between the wheel horses, by which the carriage is guided and held back. (b) A flag pole, a pole on which a flag is supported. (c) A Maypole. See Maypole. (d) A barber's pole, a pole painted in stripes, used as a sign by barbers and hairdressers. (e) A pole on which>

Pole (n.) A measuring stick; also, a measure of length equal to 5/ yards, or a square measure equal to 30/ square yards; a rod; a perch.

Pole (n.) Either extremity of an axis of a sphere; especially, one of the extremities of the earth's axis; as, the north pole.

Pole (n.) A point upon the surface of a sphere equally distant from every part of the circumference of a great circle; or the point in which a diameter of the sphere perpendicular to the plane of such circle meets the surface. Such a point is called the pole of that circle; as, the pole of the horizon; the pole of the ecliptic; the pole of a given meridian.

Pole (n.) One of the opposite or contrasted parts or directions in which a polar force is manifested; a point of maximum intensity of a force which has two such points, or which has polarity; as, the poles of a magnet; the north pole of a needle.

Pole (n.) The firmament; the sky.

Pole (n.) See Polarity, and Polar, n.

Poleax (n.) Alt. of Poleaxe

Poleaxe (n.) Anciently, a kind of battle-ax with a long handle; later, an ax or hatchet with a short handle, and a head variously patterned; -- used by soldiers, and also by sailors in boarding a vessel.

Polecat (n.) A small European carnivore of the Weasel family (Putorius foetidus). Its scent glands secrete a substance of an exceedingly disagreeable odor. Called also fitchet, foulmart, and European ferret.

Polecat (n.) The zorilla. The name is also applied to other allied species.

Poledavy (n.) A sort of coarse canvas; poldway.

Polemarch (n.) In Athens, originally, the military commanderin-chief; but, afterward, a civil magistrate who had jurisdiction in respect of strangers and sojourners. In other Grecian cities, a high military and civil officer.

Polemic (n.) One who writes in support of one opinion, doctrine, or system, in opposition to another; one skilled in polemics; a controversialist; a disputant.

Polemic (n.) A polemic argument or controversy.

Polemicist (n.) A polemic.

Polemics (n.) The art or practice of disputation or controversy, especially on religious subjects; that branch of theological science which pertains to the history or conduct of ecclesiastical controversy.

Polemist (n.) A polemic.

Polemonium (n.) A genus of gamopetalous perennial herbs, including the Jacob's ladder and the Greek valerian.

Polemoscope (n.) An opera glass or field glass with an oblique mirror arranged for seeing objects do not lie directly before the eye; -- called also diagonal, / side, opera glass.

Polemy (n.) Warfare; war; hence, contention; opposition.

Polenta (n.) Pudding made of Indian meal; also, porridge made of chestnut meal.

Poler (n.) One who poles.

Poler (n.) An extortioner. See Poller.

Polestar (n.) Polaris, or the north star. See North star, under North.

Polestar (n.) A guide or director.

Polewig (n.) The European spotted goby (Gobius minutus); -- called also pollybait.

Poley (n.) See Poly.

Polianite (n.) Manganese dioxide, occurring in tetragonal crystals nearly as hard as quartz.

Police (n.) A judicial and executive system, for the government of a city, town, or district, for the preservation of rights, order, clean

Police (n.) That which concerns the order of the community; the internal regulation of a state.

Police (n.) The organized body of civil officers in a city, town, or district, whose particular duties are the preservation of good order, the prevention and detection of crime, and the enforcement of the laws.

Police (n.) Military police, the body of soldiers detailed to preserve civil order and attend to sanitary arrangements in a camp or garrison.

Police (n.) The cleaning of a camp or garrison, or the state / a camp as to clean

Policeman (n.) A member of a body of police; a constable.

Policy (n.) Civil polity.

Policy (n.) The settled method by which the government and affairs of a nation are, or may be, administered; a system of public or official administration, as designed to promote the external or internal prosperity of a state.

Policy (n.) The method by which any institution is administered; system of management; course.

Policy (n.) Management or administration based on temporal or material interest, rather than on principles of equity or honor; hence, worldly wisdom; dexterity of management; cunning; stratagem.

Policy (n.) Prudence or wisdom in the management of public and private affairs; wisdom; sagacity; wit.

Policy (n.) Motive; object; inducement.

Policy (n.) A ticket or warrant for money in the public funds.

Policy (n.) The writing or instrument in which a contract of insurance is embodied; an instrument in writing containing the terms and conditions on which one party engages to indemnify another against loss arising from certain hazards, perils, or risks to which his person or property may be exposed. See Insurance.

Policy (n.) A method of gambling by betting as to what numbers will be drawn in a lottery; as, to play policy.

Poling (n.) The act of supporting or of propelling by means of a pole or poles; as, the poling of beans; the poling of a boat.

Poling (n.) The operation of dispersing worm casts over the walks with poles.

Poling (n.) One of the poles or planks used in upholding the side earth in excavating a tunnel, ditch, etc.

Polish (n.) The language of the Poles.

Polish (n.) A smooth, glossy surface, usually produced by friction; a gloss or luster.

Polish (n.) Anything used to produce a gloss.

Polish (n.) Fig.: Refinement; elegance of manners.

Polishedness (n.) The quality of being polished.

Polisher (n.) One who, or that which, polishes; also, that which is used in polishing.

Polishment (n.) The act of polishing, or the state of being polished.

Politeness (n.) High finish; smoothness; burnished elegance.

Politeness (n.) The quality or state of being polite; refinement of manners; urbanity; courteous behavior; complaisance; obliging attentions.

Politesse (n.) Politeness.

Politic (n.) A politician.

Politicalism (n.) Zeal or party spirit in politics.

Politicaster (n.) A petty politician; a pretender in politics.

Politician (n.) One versed or experienced in the science of government; one devoted to politics; a statesman.

Politician (n.) One primarily devoted to his own advancement in public office, or to the success of a political party; -- used in a depreciatory sense; one addicted or attached to politics as managed by parties (see Politics, 2); a schemer; an intriguer; as, a mere politician.

Politicist (n.) A political writer.

Politics (n.) The science of government; that part of ethics which has to do with the regulation and government of a nation or state, the preservation of its safety, peace, and prosperity, the defense of its existence and rights against foreign control or conquest, the augmentation of its strength and resources, and the protection of its citizens in their rights, with the preservation and improvement of their morals.

Politics (n.) The management of a political party; the conduct and contests of parties with reference to political measures or the administration of public affairs; the advancement of candidates to office; in a bad sense, artful or dishonest management to secure the success of political candidates or parties; political trickery.

Polity (n.) The form or constitution of the civil government of a nation or state; the framework or organization by which the various departments of government are combined into a systematic whole.

Polity (n.) Hence: The form or constitution by which any institution is organized; the recognized principles which lie at the foundation of any human institution.

Polity (n.) Policy; art; management.

Politzerization (n.) The act of inflating the middle ear by blowing air up the nose during the act of swallowing; -- so called from Prof. Politzer of Vienna, who first practiced it.

Polive (n.) A pulley.

Polka (n.) A dance of Polish origin, but now common everywhere. It is performed by two persons in common time.

Polka (n.) A lively Bohemian or Polish dance tune in 2-4 measure, with the third quaver accented.

Poll (n.) A parrot; -- familiarly so called.

Poll (n.) One who does not try for honors, but is content to take a degree merely; a passman.

Poll (n.) The head; the back part of the head.

Poll (n.) A number or aggregate of heads; a list or register of heads or individuals.

Poll (n.) Specifically, the register of the names of electors who may vote in an election.

Poll (n.) The casting or recording of the votes of registered electors; as, the close of the poll.

Poll (n.) The place where the votes are cast or recorded; as, to go to the polls.

Poll (n.) The broad end of a hammer; the but of an ax.

Poll (n.) The European chub. See Pollard, 3 (a).

Pollack (n.) A marine gadoid food fish of Europe (Pollachius virens). Called also greenfish, greenling, lait, leet, lob, lythe, and whiting pollack.

Pollack (n.) The American pollock; the coalfish.

Pollage (n.) A head or poll tax; hence, extortion.

Pollan (n.) A lake whitefish (Coregonus pollan), native of Ireland. In appearance it resembles a herring.

Pollard (n.) A tree having its top cut off at some height above the ground, that may throw out branches.

Pollard (n.) A clipped coin; also, a counterfeit.

Pollard (n.) A fish, the chub.

Pollard (n.) A stag that has cast its antlers.

Pollard (n.) A hornless animal (cow or sheep).

Pollax (n.) A poleax.

Pollen (n.) Fine bran or flour.

Pollen (n.) The fecundating dustlike cells of the anthers of flowers. See Flower, and Illust. of Filament.

Pollenin (n.) A substance found in the pollen of certain plants.

Poller (n.) One who polls; specifically: (a) One who polls or lops trees. (b) One who polls or cuts hair; a barber. [R.] (c) One who extorts or plunders. [Obs.] Baex. (d) One who registplws votplws, or one who enters his name as a voter.

Pollex (n.) The first, or preaxial, digit of the fore limb, corresponding to the hallux in the hind limb; the thumb. In birds, the pollex is the joint which bears the bastard wing.

Pollicitation (n.) A voluntary engagement, or a paper containing it; a promise.

Pollicitation (n.) A promise without mutuality; a promise which has not been accepted by the person to whom it is made.

Pollinctor (n.) One who prepared corpses for the funeral.

Polling (n.) The act of topping, lopping, or cropping, as trees or hedges.

Polling (n.) Plunder, or extortion.

Polling (n.) The act of voting, or of registering a vote.

Pollinium (n.) A coherent mass of pollen, as in the milkweed and most orchids.

Polliwig (n.) Alt. of Polliwog

Polliwog (n.) A tadpole; -- called also purwiggy and porwigle.

Pollock (n.) A marine gadoid fish (Pollachius carbonarius), native both of the European and American coasts. It is allied to the cod, and like it is salted and dried. In England it is called coalfish, lob, podley, podling, pollack, etc.

Pollucite (n.) A colorless transparent mineral, resembling quartz, occurring with castor or castorite on the island of Elba. It is a silicate of alumina and caesia. Called also pollux.

Polluter (n.) One who pollutes.

Pollution (n.) The act of polluting, or the state of being polluted (in any sense of the verb); defilement; uncleanness; impurity.

Pollution (n.) The emission of semen, or sperm, at other times than in sexual intercourse.

Pollux (n.) A fixed star of the second magnitude, in the constellation Gemini. Cf. 3d Castor.

Pollux (n.) Same as Pollucite.

Polly (n.) A woman's name; also, a popular name for a parrot.

Pollywog (n.) A polliwig.

Polo (n.) A game of ball of Eastern origin, resembling hockey, with the players on horseback.

Polo (n.) A similar game played on the ice, or on a prepared floor, by players wearing skates.

Polonaise (n.) The Polish language.

Polonaise (n.) An article of dress for women, consisting of a body and an outer skirt in one piece.

Polonaise (n.) A stately Polish dance tune, in 3-4 measure, beginning always on the beat with a quaver followed by a crotchet, and closing on the beat after a strong accent on the second beat; also, a dance adapted to such music; a polacca.

Polony (n.) A kind of sausage made of meat partly cooked.

Polron (n.) See Pauldron.

Polt (n.) A blow or thump.

Poltroon (n.) An arrant coward; a dastard; a craven; a mean-spirited wretch.

Poltroonery (n.) Cowardice; want of spirit; pusillanimity.

Polverine (n.) Glassmaker's ashes; a kind of potash or pearlash, brought from the Levant and Syria, -- used in the manufacture of fine glass.

Polwig (n.) A polliwig. Holland.

Poly (n.) A whitish woolly plant (Teucrium Polium) of the order Labiatae, found throughout the Mediterranean region. The name, with sundry prefixes, is sometimes given to other related species of the same genus.

Polyacoustic (n.) A polyacoustic instrument.

Polyacoustics (n.) The art of multiplying or magnifying sounds.

Polyacron (n.) A solid having many summits or angular points; a polyhedron.

Polyandry (n.) The possession by a woman of more than one husband at the same time; -- contrasted with monandry.

Polyanthus (n.) The oxlip. So called because the peduncle bears a many-flowered umbel. See Oxlip. (b) A bulbous flowering plant of the genus Narcissus (N. Tazetta, or N. polyanthus of some authors). See Illust. of Narcissus.

Polyarchist (n.) One who advocates polyarchy; -- opposed to monarchist.

Polyarchy (n.) A government by many persons, of whatever order or class.

Polyautography (n.) The act or practice of multiplying copies of one's own handwriting, or of manuscripts, by printing from stone, -- a species of lithography.

Polybasite (n.) An iron-black ore of silver, consisting of silver, sulphur, and antimony, with some copper and arsenic.

Polybromide (n.) A bromide containing more than one atom of bromine in the molecule.

Polychloride (n.) A chloride containing more than one atom of chlorine in the molecule.

Polychoerany (n.) A government by many chiefs, princes, or rules.

Polychord (n.) A musical instrument of ten strings.

Polychord (n.) An apparatus for coupling two octave notes, capable of being attached to a keyed instrument.

Polychrest (n.) A medicine that serves for many uses, or that cures many diseases.

Polychroism (n.) Same as Pleochroism.

Polychroite (n.) The coloring matter of saffron; -- formerly so called because of the change of color on treatment with certain acids; -- called also crocin, and safranin.

Polychromate (n.) A salt of a polychromic acid.

Polychromate (n.) A compound which exhibits, or from which may be prepared, a variety of colors, as certain solutions derived from vegetables, which display colors by fluorescence.

Polychrome (n.) Esculin; -- so called in allusion to its fluorescent solutions.

Polychromy (n.) The art or practice of combining different colors, especially brilliant ones, in an artistic way.

Polyclinic (n.) A clinic in which diseases of many sorts are treated; especially, an institution in which clinical instruction is given in all kinds of disease.

Polycotyledon (n.) A plant that has many, or more than two, cotyledons in the seed.

Polycracy (n.) Government by many rulers; polyarchy.

Polycrotism (n.) That state or condition of the pulse in which the pulse curve, or sphygmogram, shows several secondary crests or elevations; -- contrasted with monocrotism and dicrotism.

Polycystid (n.) One of the Polycystidea.

Polycystid (n.) One of the Polycystina.

Polycystine (n.) One of the Polycystina.

Polydactylism (n.) The possession of more that the normal number of digits.

Polydipsia (n.) Excessive and constant thirst occasioned by disease.

Polyedron (n.) See Polyhedron.

Polyeidism (n.) The quality or state of being polyeidic.

Polyembryony (n.) The production of two or more embryos in one seed, due either to the existence and fertilization of more than one embryonic sac or to the origination of embryos outside of the embryonic sac.

Polyfoil (n.) Same as Multifoil.

Polygala (n.) A genus of bitter herbs or shrubs having eight stamens and a two-celled ovary (as the Seneca snakeroot, the flowering wintergreen, etc.); milkwort.

Polygamy (n.) The having of a plurality of wives or husbands at the same time; usually, the marriage of a man to more than one woman, or the practice of having several wives, at the same time; -- opposed to monogamy; as, the nations of the East practiced polygamy. See the Note under Bigamy, and cf. Polyandry.

Polygamy (n.) The state or habit of having more than one mate.

Polygamy (n.) The condition or state of a plant which bears both perfect and unisexual flowers.

Polygastrian (n.) One of the Polygastrica.

Polygastric (n.) One of the Polygastrica.

Polygenesis (n.) Alt. of Polygeny

Polygeny (n.) The theory that living organisms originate in cells or embryos of different kinds, instead of coming from a single cell; -- opposed to monogenesis.

Polygenism (n.) The doctrine that animals of the same species have sprung from more than one original pair.

Polygenist (n.) One who maintains that animals of the same species have sprung from more than one original pair; -- opposed to monogenist.

Polyglot (n.) One who speaks several languages.

Polyglot (n.) A book containing several versions of the same text, or containing the same subject matter in several languages; esp., the Scriptures in several languages.

Polygon (n.) A plane figure having many angles, and consequently many sides; esp., one whose perimeter consists of more than four sides; any figure having many angles.

Polygonometry (n.) The doctrine of polygons; an extension of some of the principles of trigonometry to the case of polygons.

Polygonum (n.) A genus of plants embracing a large number of species, including bistort, knotweed, smartweed, etc.

Polygony (n.) Any plant of the genus Polygonum.

Polygordius (n.) A genus of marine annelids, believed to be an ancient or ancestral type. It is remarkable for its simplicity of structure and want of parapodia. It is the type of the order Archiannelida, or Gymnotoma. See Loeven's larva.

Polygram (n.) A figure consisting of many

Polygraph (n.) An instrument for multiplying copies of a writing; a manifold writer; a copying machine.

Polygraph (n.) In bibliography, a collection of different works, either by one or several authors.

Polygraph (n.) An instrument for detecting deceptive statements by a subject, by measuring several physiological states of the subject, such as pulse, heartbeat, and sweating. The instrument records these parameters on a strip of paper while the subject is asked questions designed to elicit emotional responses when the subject tries to deceive the interrogator. Also called lie detector

Polygraphy (n.) Much writing; writing of many books.

Polygraphy (n.) The art of writing in various ciphers, and of deciphering the same.

Polygraphy (n.) The art or practice of using a polygraph.

Polygyn (n.) A plant of the order Polygynia.

Polygynist (n.) One who practices or advocates polygyny.

Polygyny (n.) The state or practice of having several wives at the same time; marriage to several wives.

Polyhalite (n.) A mineral usually occurring in fibrous masses, of a brick-red color, being tinged with iron, and consisting chiefly of the sulphates of lime, magnesia, and soda.

Polyhedron (n.) A body or solid contained by many sides or planes.

Polyhedron (n.) A polyscope, or multiplying glass.

Polyhistor (n.) One versed in various learning.

Polyhymnia (n.) The Muse of lyric poetry.

Polyiodide (n.) A iodide having more than one atom of iodine in the molecule.

Polylogy (n.) Talkativeness.

Polymastism (n.) The condition of having more than two mammae, or breasts.

Polymathist (n.) One versed in many sciences; a person of various learning.

Polymathy (n.) The knowledge of many arts and sciences; variety of learning.

Polymer (n.) Any one of two or more substances related to each other by polymerism; specifically, a substance produced from another substance by chemical polymerization.

Polymerism (n.) The state, quality, or relation of two or more polymeric substances.

Polymerism (n.) The act or process of forming polymers.

Polymerization (n.) The act or process of changing to a polymeric form; the condition resulting from such change.

Polymnia (n.) See Polyhymnia.

Polymnite (n.) A stone marked with dendrites and black

Polymorph (n.) A substance capable of crystallizing in several distinct forms; also, any one of these forms. Cf. Allomorph.

Polymorphism (n.) Same as Pleomorphism.

Polymorphism (n.) The capability of assuming different forms; the capability of widely varying in form.

Polymorphism (n.) Existence in many forms; the coexistence, in the same locality, of two or more distinct forms independent of sex, not connected by intermediate gradations, but produced from common parents.

Polymorphosis (n.) The assumption of several structural forms without a corresponding difference in function; -- said of sponges, etc.

Polymorphy (n.) Existence in many forms; polymorphism.

Poly-mountain (n.) Same as Poly, n.

Poly-mountain (n.) The closely related Teucrium montanum, formerly called Polium montanum, a plant of Southern Europe.

Poly-mountain (n.) The Bartsia alpina, a low purple-flowered herb of Europe.

Polyneme (n.) Any one of numerous species of tropical food fishes of the family Polynemidae. They have several slender filaments, often very long, below the pectoral fin. Some of them yield isinglass of good quality. Called also threadfish.

Polynia (n.) The open sea supposed to surround the north pole.

Polynomial (n.) An expression composed of two or more terms, connected by the signs plus or minus; as, a2 - 2ab + b2.

Polyonomy (n.) The use of a variety of names for the same object.

Polyonym (n.) An object which has a variety of names.

Polyonym (n.) A polynomial name or term.

Polyoptron (n.) Alt. of Polyoptrum

Polyoptrum (n.) A glass through which objects appear multiplied, but diminished in size.

Polyorama (n.) A view of many objects; also, a sort of panorama with dissolving views.

Polyp (n.) One of the feeding or nutritive zooids of a hydroid or coral.

Polyp (n.) One of the Anthozoa.

Polyp (n.) Same as Anthozoa. See Anthozoa, Madreporaria, Hydroid.

Polypary (n.) Same as Polypidom.

Polype (n.) See Polyp.

Polyperythrin (n.) A coloring matter found in many simple Anthozoa and some hydroids.

Polyphagy (n.) The practice or faculty of subsisting on many kinds of food.

Polypharmacy (n.) The act or practice of prescribing too many medicines.

Polypharmacy (n.) A prescription made up of many medicines or ingredients.

Polyphemus (n.) A very large American moth (Telea polyphemus) belonging to the Silkworm family (Bombycidae). Its larva, which is very large, bright green, with silvery tubercles, and with oblique white stripes on the sides, feeds on the oak, chestnut, willow, cherry, apple, and other trees. It produces a large amount of strong silk. Called also American silkworm.

Polyphone (n.) A character or vocal sign representing more than one sound, as read, which is pronounced red.

Polyphonism (n.) Polyphony.

Polyphonist (n.) A proficient in the art of multiplying sounds; a ventriloquist.

Polyphonist (n.) A master of polyphony; a contrapuntist.

Polyphony (n.) Multiplicity of sounds, as in the reverberations of an echo.

Polyphony (n.) Plurality of sounds and articulations expressed by the same vocal sign.

Polyphony (n.) Composition in mutually related, equally important parts which share the melody among them; contrapuntal composition; -- opposed to homophony, in which the melody is given to one part only, the others filling out the harmony. See Counterpoint.

Polyphore (n.) A receptacle which bears many ovaries.

Polypide (n.) One of the ordinary zooids of the Bryozoa.

Polypidom (n.) A coral, or corallum; also, one of the coral-like structure made by bryozoans and hydroids.

Polypier (n.) A polypidom.

Polypite (n.) One of the feeding zooids, or polyps, of a coral, hydroid, or siphonophore; a hydranth. See Illust. of Campanularian.

Polypite (n.) Sometimes, the manubrium of a hydroid medusa.

Polypite (n.) A fossil coral.

Polypode (n.) A plant of the genus Polypodium; polypody.

Polypode (n.) An animal having many feet; a myriapod.

Polypodium (n.) A genus of plants of the order Filices or ferns. The fructifications are in uncovered roundish points, called sori, scattered over the inferior surface of the frond or leaf. There are numerous species.

Polypody (n.) Any plant of the genus Polypodium.

Polyporus (n.) A genus of fungi having the under surface full of minute pores; also, any fungus of this genus.

Polypragmaty (n.) The state of being overbusy.

Polypterus (n.) An African genus of ganoid fishes including the bichir.

Polyptoton (n.) A figure by which a word is repeated in different forms, cases, numbers, genders, etc., as in Tennyson's

Polypus (n.) Same as Polyp.

Polypus (n.) A tumor, usually with a narrow base, somewhat resembling a pear, -- found in the nose, uterus, etc., and produced by hypertrophy of some portion of the mucous membrane.

Polyscope (n.) A glass which makes a single object appear as many; a multiplying glass.

Polyscope (n.) An apparatus for affording a view of the different cavities of the body.

Polyspast (n.) A machine consisting of many pulleys; specifically, an apparatus formerly used for reducing luxations.

Polyspermy (n.) Fullness of sperm, or seed; the passage of more than one spermatozoon into the vitellus in the impregnation of the ovum.

Polystome (n.) An animal having many mouths; -- applied to Protozoa.

Polystyle (n.) A polystyle hall or edifice.

Polysulphide (n.) A sulphide having more than one atom of sulphur in the molecule; -- contrasted with monosulphide.

Polysulphuret (n.) A polysulphide.

Polysyllabicism (n.) Polysyllabism.

Polysyllabicity (n.) Polysyllabism.

Polysyllabism (n.) The quality or state of being polysyllabic.

Polysyllable (n.) A word of many syllables, or consisting of more syllables than three; -- words of less than four syllables being called monosyllables, dissyllables, and trisyllables.

Polysyndeton (n.) A figure by which the conjunction is often repeated, as in the sentence, "We have ships and men and money and stores." Opposed to asyndeton.

Polysynthesis (n.) The act or process of combining many separate elements into a whole.

Polysynthesis (n.) The formation of a word by the combination of several simple words, as in the aboriginal languages of America; agglutination.

Polsyntheticism (n.) Polysynthesis.

Polytechnics (n.) The science of the mechanic arts.

Polytheism (n.) The doctrine of, or belief in, a plurality of gods.

Polytheist (n.) One who believes in, or maintains the doctrine of, a plurality of gods.

Polythelism (n.) The condition of having more than two teats, or nipples.

Polytomy (n.) A division into many members.

Polytungstate (n.) A salt of polytungstic acid.

Polytype (n.) A cast, or facsimile copy, of an engraved block, matter in type, etc. (see citation); as, a polytype in relief.

Poluria (n.) A persistently excessive flow of watery urine, with low specific gravity and without the presence of either albumin or sugar. It is generally accompanied with more or less thirst.

Polyve (n.) A pulley.

Polyzoan (n.) Any species of Polyzoa; one of the Polyzoa.

Polyzoan (n.) A polyzoon.

Polyzoarium (n.) Same as Polyzoary.

Polyzoary (n.) The compound organism of a polyzoan.

Polyzoon (n.) One of the individual zooids forming the compound organism of a polyzoan.

Pomace (n.) The substance of apples, or of similar fruit, crushed by grinding.

Pomade (n.) Cider.

Pomade (n.) Perfumed ointment; esp., a fragrant unguent for the hair; pomatum; -- originally made from apples.

Pomander (n.) A perfume to be carried with one, often in the form of a ball.

Pomander (n.) A box to contain such perfume, formerly carried by ladies, as at the end of a chain; -- more properly pomander box.

Pomatum (n.) A perfumed unguent or composition, chiefly used in dressing the hair; pomade.

Pome (n.) A fruit composed of several cartilaginous or bony carpels inclosed in an adherent fleshy mass, which is partly receptacle and partly calyx, as an apple, quince, or pear.

Pome (n.) A ball of silver or other metal, which is filled with hot water, and used by the priest in cold weather to warm his hands during the service.

Pome (n.) To grow to a head, or form a head in growing.

Pomegranate (n.) The fruit of the tree Punica Granatum; also, the tree itself (see Balaustine), which is native in the Orient, but is successfully cultivated in many warm countries, and as a house plant in colder climates. The fruit is as large as an orange, and has a hard rind containing many rather large seeds, each one separately covered with crimson, acid pulp.

Pomegranate (n.) A carved or embroidered ornament resembling a pomegranate.

Pomel (n.) A pommel.

Pomelo (n.) A variety of shaddock, called also grape fruit.

Pomeranian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Pomerania.

Pomewater (n.) A kind of sweet, juicy apple.

Pomey (n.) A figure supposed to resemble an apple; a roundel, -- always of a green color.

Pomfret (n.) One of two or more species of marine food fishes of the genus Stromateus (S. niger, S. argenteus) native of Southern Europe and Asia.

Pomfret (n.) A marine food fish of Bermuda (Brama Raji).

Pommage (n.) See Pomage.

Pommel (n.) A knob or ball; an object resembling a ball in form

Pommel (n.) The knob on the hilt of a sword.

Pommel (n.) The knob or protuberant part of a saddlebow.

Pommel (n.) The top (of the head).

Pommel (n.) A knob forming the finial of a turret or pavilion.

Pommelion (n.) The cascabel, or hindmost knob, of a cannon.

Pomologist (n.) One versed in pomology; one who culticvates fruit trees.

Pomology (n.) The science of fruits; a treatise on fruits; the cultivation of fruits and fruit trees.

Pomona (n.) The goddess of fruits and fruit trees.

Pomp (n.) A procession distinguished by ostentation and splendor; a pageant.

Pomp (n.) Show of magnificence; parade; display; power.

Pompadour (n.) A crimson or pink color; also, a style of dress cut low and square in the neck; also, a mode of dressing the hair by drawing it straight back from the forehead over a roll; -- so called after the Marchioness de Pompadour of France. Also much used adjectively.

Pompano (n.) Any one of several species of marine fishes of the genus Trachynotus, of which four species are found on the Atlantic coast of the United States; -- called also palometa.

Pompano (n.) A California harvest fish (Stromateus simillimus), highly valued as a food fish.

Pompelmous (n.) A shaddock, esp. one of large size.

Pompet (n.) The ball formerly used to ink the type.

Pompholyx (n.) Impure zinc oxide.

Pompholyx (n.) A skin disease in which there is an eruption of bullae, without inflammation or fever.

Pompillion (n.) An ointment or pomatum made of black poplar buds.

Pompion (n.) See Pumpion.

Pompire (n.) A pearmain.

Pompoleon (n.) See Pompelmous.

Pompon (n.) Any trifling ornament for a woman's dress or bonnet.

Pompon (n.) A tuft or ball of wool, or the like, sometimes worn by soldiers on the front of the hat, instead of a feather.

Pomposity (n.) The quality or state of being pompous; pompousness.

Pomwater (n.) Same as Pomewater.

Poncho (n.) A kind of cloak worn by the Spanish Americans, having the form of a blanket, with a slit in the middle for the head to pass through. A kind of poncho made of rubber or painted cloth is used by the mounted troops in the United States service.

Poncho (n.) A trade name for camlets, or stout worsteds.

Pond (n.) A body of water, naturally or artificially confined, and usually of less extent than a lake.

Ponderability (n.) The quality or state of being ponderable.

Ponderance (n.) Weight; gravity.

Ponderation (n.) The act of weighing.

Ponderer (n.) One who ponders.

Ponderosity (n.) The quality or state of being ponderous; weight; gravity; heaviness, ponderousness; as, the ponderosity of gold.

Ponderousness (n.) The quality or state of being ponderous; ponderosity.

Pondfish (n.) Any one of numerous species of American fresh-water fishes belonging to the family Centrarchidae; -- called also pond perch, and sunfish.

Pondweed (n.) Any aquatic plant of the genus Potamogeton, of which many species are found in ponds or slow-moving rivers.

Pone (n.) A kind of johnnycake.

Pongee (n.) A fabric of undyed silk from India and China.

Ponghee (n.) A Buddhist priest of the higher orders in Burmah.

Pongo (n.) Any large ape; especially, the chimpanzee and the orang-outang.

Poniard (n.) A kind of dagger, -- usually a slender one with a triangular or square blade.

Ponibility (n.) The capability of being placed or located.

Pons (n.) A bridge; -- applied to several parts which connect others, but especially to the pons Varolii, a prominent band of nervous tissue situated on the ventral side of the medulla oblongata and connected at each side with the hemispheres of the cerebellum; the mesocephalon. See Brain.

Pontage (n.) A duty or tax paid for repairing bridges.

Pontee (n.) An iron rod used by glass makers for manipulating the hot glass; -- called also, puntil, puntel, punty, and ponty. See Fascet.

Pontifex (n.) A high priest; a pontiff.

Pontiff (n.) A high priest.

Pontiff (n.) One of the sacred college, in ancient Rome, which had the supreme jurisdiction over all matters of religion, at the head of which was the Pontifex Maximus.

Pontiff (n.) The chief priest.

Pontiff (n.) The pope.

Pontifical (n.) A book containing the offices, or formulas, used by a pontiff.

Pontifical (n.) The dress and ornaments of a pontiff.

Pontificality (n.) The state and government of the pope; the papacy.

Pontificate (n.) The state or dignity of a high priest; specifically, the office of the pope.

Pontificate (n.) The term of office of a pontiff.

Pontifice (n.) Bridgework; structure or edifice of a bridge.

Pontifician (n.) One who adheres to the pope or papacy; a papist.

Pontil (n.) Same as Pontee.

Pontlevis (n.) The action of a horse in rearing repeatedly and dangerously.

Ponton (n.) See Pontoon.

Pontoon (n.) A wooden flat-bottomed boat, a metallic cylinder, or a frame covered with canvas, India rubber, etc., forming a portable float, used in building bridges quickly for the passage of troops.

Pontoon (n.) A low, flat vessel, resembling a barge, furnished with cranes, capstans, and other machinery, used in careening ships, raising weights, drawing piles, etc., chiefly in the Mediterranean; a lighter.

Pontooning (n.) The act, art, or process of constructing pontoon bridges.

Ponvolant (n.) A kind of light bridge, used in sieges, for surprising a post or outwork which has but a narrow moat; a flying bridge.

Ponty (n.) See Pontee.

Pony (n.) A small horse.

Pony (n.) Twenty-five pounds sterling.

Pony (n.) A translation or a key used to avoid study in getting lessons; a crib.

Pony (n.) A small glass of beer.

Pood (n.) A Russian weight, equal to forty Russian pounds or about thirty-six English pounds avoirdupois.

Poodle (n.) A breed of dogs having curly hair, and often showing remarkable intelligence in the performance of tricks.

Pookoo (n.) A red African antelope (Kobus Vardoni) allied to the water buck.

Pool (n.) A small and rather deep collection of (usually) fresh water, as one supplied by a spring, or occurring in the course of a stream; a reservoir for water; as, the pools of Solomon.

Pool (n.) A small body of standing or stagnant water; a puddle.

Pool (n.) The stake played for in certain games of cards, billiards, etc.; an aggregated stake to which each player has contributed a snare; also, the receptacle for the stakes.

Pool (n.) A game at billiards, in which each of the players stakes a certain sum, the winner taking the whole; also, in public billiard rooms, a game in which the loser pays the entrance fee for all who engage in the game; a game of skill in pocketing the balls on a pool table.

Pool (n.) In rifle shooting, a contest in which each competitor pays a certain sum for every shot he makes, the net proceeds being divided among the winners.

Pool (n.) Any gambling or commercial venture in which several persons join.

Pool (n.) A combination of persons contributing money to be used for the purpose of increasing or depressing the market price of stocks, grain, or other commodities; also, the aggregate of the sums so contributed; as, the pool took all the wheat offered below the limit; he put $10,000 into the pool.

Pool (n.) A mutual arrangement between competing

Pool (n.) An aggregation of properties or rights, belonging to different people in a community, in a common fund, to be charged with common liabilities.

Pooler (n.) A stick for stirring a tan vat.

Pooling (n.) The act of uniting, or an agreement to unite, an aggregation of properties belonging to different persons, with a view to common liabilities or profits.

Poon (n.) A name for several East Indian, or their wood, used for the masts and spars of vessels, as Calophyllum angustifolium, C. inophullum, and Sterculia foetida; -- called also peon.

Poonac (n.) A kind of oil cake prepared from the cocoanut. See Oil cake, under Cake.

Poop (n.) See 2d Poppy.

Poop (n.) A deck raised above the after part of a vessel; the hindmost or after part of a vessel's hull; also, a cabin covered by such a deck. See Poop deck, under Deck. See also Roundhouse.

Pooping (n.) The act or shock of striking a vessel's stern by a following wave or vessel.

Poor (n.) A small European codfish (Gadus minutus); -- called also power cod.

Poorbox (n.) A receptacle in which money given for the poor is placed.

Poorhouse (n.) A dwelling for a number of paupers maintained at public expense; an almshouse; a workhouse.

Poor-john (n.) A small European fish, similar to the cod, but of inferior quality.


Poorness (n.) The quality or state of being poor (in any of the senses of the adjective).

Poor-will (n.) A bird of the Western United States (Phalaenoptilus Nutalli) allied to the whip-poor-will.

Poor-willie (n.) The bar-tailed godwit.

Pop (n.) A small, sharp, quick explosive sound or report; as, to go off with a pop.

Pop (n.) An unintoxicating beverage which expels the cork with a pop from the bottle containing it; as, ginger pop; lemon pop, etc.

Pop (n.) The European redwing.

Pope (n.) Any ecclesiastic, esp. a bishop.

Pope (n.) The bishop of Rome, the head of the Roman Catholic Church. See Note under Cardinal.

Pope (n.) A parish priest, or a chaplain, of the Greek Church.

Pope (n.) A fish; the ruff.

Popedom (n.) The place, office, or dignity of the pope; papal dignity.

Popedom (n.) The jurisdiction of the pope.

Popeling (n.) A petty or deputy pope.

Popeling (n.) An adherent of the pope.

Popelote (n.) A word variously explained as "a little puppet," "a little doll," or "a young butterfly." Cf. Popet.

Popery (n.) The religion of the Roman Catholic Church, comprehending doctrines and practices; -- generally used in an opprobrious sense.

Popet (n.) A puppet.

Popgun (n.) A child's gun; a tube and rammer for shooting pellets, with a popping noise, by compression of air.

Popinjay (n.) The green woodpecker.

Popinjay (n.) A parrot.

Popinjay (n.) A target in the form of a parrot.

Popinjay (n.) A trifling, chattering, fop or coxcomb.

Poplar (n.) Any tree of the genus Populus; also, the timber, which is soft, and capable of many uses.

Poplar (n.) The timber of the tulip tree; -- called also white poplar.

Poplexy (n.) Apoplexy.

Poplin (n.) A fabric of many varieties, usually made of silk and worsted, -- used especially for women's dresses.

Popper (n.) A utensil for popping corn, usually a wire basket with a long handle.

Popper (n.) A dagger.

Poppet (n.) See Puppet.

Poppet (n.) One of certain upright timbers on the bilge ways, used to support a vessel in launching.

Poppet (n.) An upright support or guide fastened at the bottom only.

Popple (n.) The poplar.

Popple (n.) Tares.

Poppy (n.) Any plant or species of the genus Papaver, herbs with showy polypetalous flowers and a milky juice. From one species (Papaver somniferum) opium is obtained, though all the species contain it to some extent; also, a flower of the plant. See Illust. of Capsule.

Poppy (n.) Alt. of Poppyhead

Poppyhead (n.) A raised ornament frequently having the form of a final. It is generally used on the tops of the upright ends or elbows which terminate seats, etc., in Gothic churches.

Populace (n.) The common people; the vulgar; the multitude, -- comprehending all persons not distinguished by rank, office, education, or profession.

Populacy (n.) Populace.

Popularity (n.) The quality or state of being popular; especially, the state of being esteemed by, or of being in favor with, the people at large; good will or favor proceeding from the people; as, the popularity of a law, statesman, or a book.

Popularity (n.) The quality or state of being adapted or pleasing to common, poor, or vulgar people; hence, cheapness; inferiority; vulgarity.

Popularity (n.) Something which obtains, or is intended to obtain, the favor of the vulgar; claptrap.

Popularity (n.) The act of courting the favor of the people.

Popularity (n.) Public sentiment; general passion.

Popularization (n.) The act of making popular, or of introducing among the people.

Popularizer (n.) One who popularizes.

Popularness (n.) The quality or state of being popular; popularity.

Population (n.) The act or process of populating; multiplication of inhabitants.

Population (n.) The whole number of people, or inhabitants, in a country, or portion of a country; as, a population of ten millions.

Populator (n.) One who populates.

Populicide (n.) Slaughter of the people.

Populin (n.) A glycoside, related to salicin, found in the bark of certain species of the poplar (Populus), and extracted as a sweet white crystal

Populosity (n.) Populousness.

Poraille (n.) Poor people; the poor.

Porbeagle (n.) A species of shark (Lamna cornubica), about eight feet long, having a pointed nose and a crescent-shaped tail; -- called also mackerel shark.

Porcelain (n.) Purslain.

Porcelain (n.) A fine translucent or semitransculent kind of earthenware, made first in China and Japan, but now also in Europe and America; -- called also China, or China ware.

Porcelanite (n.) A semivitrified clay or shale, somewhat resembling jasper; -- called also porcelain jasper.

Porch (n.) A covered and inclosed entrance to a building, whether taken from the interior, and forming a sort of vestibule within the main wall, or projecting without and with a separate roof. Sometimes the porch is large enough to serve as a covered walk. See also Carriage porch, under Carriage, and Loggia.

Porch (n.) A portico; a covered walk.

Porcupine (n.) Any Old Word rodent of the genus Hystrix, having the back covered with long, sharp, erectile spines or quills, sometimes a foot long. The common species of Europe and Asia (Hystrix cristata) is the best known.

Porcupine (n.) Any species of Erethizon and related genera, native of America. They are related to the true porcupines, but have shorter spines, and are arboreal in their habits. The Canada porcupine (Erethizon dorsatus) is a well known species.

Porer (n.) One who pores.

Porgy (n.) The scup.

Porgy (n.) The sailor's choice, or pinfish.

Porgy (n.) The margate fish.

Porgy (n.) The spadefish.

Porgy (n.) Any one of several species of embiotocoids, or surf fishes, of the Pacific coast. The name is also given locally to several other fishes, as the bur fish.

Poriferan (n.) One of the Polifera.

Porime (n.) A theorem or proposition so easy of demonstration as to be almost self-evident.

Poriness (n.) Porosity.

Porism (n.) A proposition affirming the possibility of finding such conditions as will render a certain determinate problem indeterminate or capable of innumerable solutions.

Porism (n.) A corollary.

Porite (n.) Any coral of the genus Porites, or family Poritidae.

Porites (n.) An important genus of reef-building corals having small twelve-rayed calicles, and a very porous coral. Some species are branched, others grow in large massive or globular forms.

Pork (n.) The flesh of swine, fresh or salted, used for food.

Porker (n.) A hog.

Porket (n.) A young hog; a pig.

Porkling (n.) A pig; a porket.

Porkwood (n.) The coarse-grained brownish yellow wood of a small tree (Pisonia obtusata) of Florida and the West Indies. Also called pigeon wood, beefwood, and corkwood.

Pornography (n.) Licentious painting or literature; especially, the painting anciently employed to decorate the walls of rooms devoted to bacchanalian orgies.

Pornography (n.) A treatise on prostitutes, or prostitution.

Porosity (n.) The quality or state of being porous; -- opposed to density.

Porotic (n.) A medicine supposed to promote the formation of callus.

Porous (n.) Full of pores; having interstices in the skin or in the substance of the body; having spiracles or passages for fluids; permeable by liquids; as, a porous skin; porous wood.

Porousness (n.) The quality of being porous.

Porousness (n.) The open parts; the interstices of anything.

Porpentine (n.) Porcupine.

Porpesse (n.) A porpoise.

Porphyre (n.) Porphyry.

Porphyrite (n.) A rock with a porphyritic structure; as, augite porphyrite.

Porphyrization (n.) The act of porphyrizing, or the state of being porphyrized.

Porphyrogenitism (n.) The principle of succession in royal families, especially among the Eastern Roman emperors, by which a younger son, if born after the accession of his father to the throne, was preferred to an elder son who was not so born.

Porphyry (n.) A term used somewhat loosely to designate a rock consisting of a fine-grained base (usually feldspathic) through which crystals, as of feldspar or quartz, are disseminated. There are red, purple, and green varieties, which are highly esteemed as marbles.

Porpita (n.) A genus of bright-colored Siphonophora found floating in the warmer parts of the ocean. The individuals are round and disk-shaped, with a large zooid in the center of the under side, surrounded by smaller nutritive and reproductive zooids, and by slender dactylozooids near the margin. The disk contains a central float, or pneumatocyst.

Porpoise (n.) Any small cetacean of the genus Phocaena, especially P. communis, or P. phocaena, of Europe, and the closely allied American species (P. Americana). The color is dusky or blackish above, paler beneath. They are closely allied to the dolphins, but have a shorter snout. Called also harbor porpoise, herring hag, puffing pig, and snuffer.

Porpoise (n.) A true dolphin (Delphinus); -- often so called by sailors.

Porporino (n.) A composition of quicksilver, tin, and sulphur, forming a yellow powder, sometimes used by mediaeval artists, for the sake of economy, instead of gold.

Porpus (n.) A porpoise.

Porrection (n.) The act of stretching forth.

Porret (n.) A scallion; a leek or small onion.

Porridge (n.) A food made by boiling some leguminous or farinaceous substance, or the meal of it, in water or in milk, making of broth or thin pudding; as, barley porridge, milk porridge, bean porridge, etc.

Porringer (n.) A porridge dish; esp., a bowl or cup from which children eat or are fed; as, a silver porringer.

Port (n.) A dark red or purple astringent wine made in Portugal. It contains a large percentage of alcohol.

Port (n.) A passageway; an opening or entrance to an inclosed place; a gate; a door; a portal.

Port (n.) An opening in the side of a vessel; an embrasure through which cannon may be discharged; a porthole; also, the shutters which close such an opening.

Port (n.) A passageway in a machine, through which a fluid, as steam, water, etc., may pass, as from a valve to the interior of the cylinder of a steam engine; an opening in a valve seat, or valve face.

Port (n.) The manner in which a person bears himself; deportment; carriage; bearing; demeanor; hence, manner or style of living; as, a proud port.

Port (n.) The larboard or left side of a ship (looking from the stern toward the bow); as, a vessel heels to port. See Note under Larboard. Also used adjectively.

Porta (n.) The part of the liver or other organ where its vessels and nerves enter; the hilus.

Porta (n.) The foramen of Monro.

Portability (n.) The quality or state of being portable; fitness to be carried.

Portableness (n.) The quality or state of being portable; portability.

Portace (n.) See Portass.

Portage (n.) A sailor's wages when in port.

Portage (n.) The amount of a sailor's wages for a voyage.

Portage (n.) A porthole.

Portage (n.) The act of carrying or transporting.

Portage (n.) The price of carriage; porterage.

Portage (n.) Capacity for carrying; tonnage.

Portage (n.) A carry between navigable waters. See 3d Carry.

Portague (n.) A Portuguese gold coin formerly current, and variously estimated to be worth from three and one half to four and one half pounds sterling.

Portal (n.) A door or gate; hence, a way of entrance or exit, especially one that is grand and imposing.

Portal (n.) The lesser gate, where there are two of different dimensions.

Portal (n.) Formerly, a small square corner in a room separated from the rest of the apartment by wainscoting, forming a short passage to another apartment.

Portal (n.) By analogy with the French portail, used by recent writers for the whole architectural composition which surrounds and includes the doorways and porches of a church.

Portal (n.) The space, at one end, between opposite trusses when these are terminated by inc

Portal (n.) A prayer book or breviary; a portass.

Portamento (n.) In singing, or in the use of the bow, a gradual carrying or lifting of the voice or sound very smoothly from one note to another; a gliding from tone to tone.

Portance (n.) See Port, carriage, demeanor.

Portass (n.) A breviary; a prayer book.

Portcluse (n.) A portcullis.

Portcrayon (n.) A metallic handle with a clasp for holding a crayon.

Portcullis (n.) A grating of iron or of timbers pointed with iron, hung over the gateway of a fortress, to be let down to prevent the entrance of an enemy.

Portcullis (n.) An English coin of the reign of Elizabeth, struck for the use of the East India Company; -- so called from its bearing the figure of a portcullis on the reverse.

Porte (n.) The Ottoman court; the government of the Turkish empire, officially called the Sublime Porte, from the gate (port) of the sultan's palace at which justice was administered.

Porte-cochere (n.) A large doorway allowing vehicles to drive into or through a building. It is common to have the entrance door open upon the passage of the porte-cochere. Also, a porch over a driveway before an entrance door.

Portegue (n.) See Portague.

Portemonnaie (n.) A small pocketbook or wallet for carrying money.

Portension (n.) The act of foreshowing; foreboding.

Portent (n.) That which portends, or foretoken; esp., that which portends evil; a sign of coming calamity; an omen; a sign.

Porter (n.) A man who has charge of a door or gate; a doorkeeper; one who waits at the door to receive messages.

Porter (n.) A carrier; one who carries or conveys burdens, luggage, etc.; for hire.

Porter (n.) A bar of iron or steel at the end of which a forging is made; esp., a long, large bar, to the end of which a heavy forging is attached, and by means of which the forging is lifted and handled in hammering and heating; -- called also porter bar.

Porter (n.) A malt liquor, of a dark color and moderately bitter taste, possessing tonic and intoxicating qualities.

Porterage (n.) The work of a porter; the occupation of a carrier or of a doorkeeper.

Porterage (n.) Money charged or paid for the carriage of burdens or parcels by a porter.

Porteress (n.) See Portress.

Porterhouse (n.) A house where porter is sold.

Portesse (n.) See Porteass.

Portfire (n.) A case of strong paper filled with a composition of niter, sulphur, and mealed powder, -- used principally to ignite the priming in proving guns, and as an incendiary material in shells.

Portfolio (n.) A portable case for holding loose papers, prints, drawings, etc.

Portfolio (n.) Hence: The office and functions of a minister of state or member of the cabinet; as, to receive the portfolio of war; to resign the portfolio.

Portglave (n.) A sword bearer.

Porthole (n.) An embrasure in a ship's side. See 3d Port.

Porthook (n.) One of the iron hooks to which the port hinges are attached.

Porthors (n.) See Portass.

Portico (n.) A colonnade or covered ambulatory, especially in classical styles of architecture; usually, a colonnade at the entrance of a building.

Portiere (n.) A curtain hanging across a doorway.

Portigue (n.) See Portague.

Portingal (n.) A Portuguese.

Portion (n.) That which is divided off or separated, as a part from a whole; a separated part of anything.

Portion (n.) A part considered by itself, though not actually cut off or separated from the whole.

Portion (n.) A part assigned; allotment; share; fate.

Portion (n.) The part of an estate given to a child or heir, or descending to him by law, and distributed to him in the settlement of the estate; an inheritance.

Portion (n.) A wife's fortune; a dowry.

Portioner (n.) One who portions.

Portioner (n.) See Portionist, 2.

Portionist (n.) A scholar at Merton College, Oxford, who has a certain academical allowance or portion; -- corrupted into postmaster.

Portionist (n.) One of the incumbents of a benefice which has two or more rectors or vicars.

Portise (n.) See Portass.

Portlast (n.) The portoise. See Portoise.



Portman (n.) An inhabitant or burgess of a port, esp. of one of the Cinque Ports.

Portmanteau (n.) A bag or case, usually of leather, for carrying wearing apparel, etc., on journeys.

Portmantle (n.) A portmanteau.

Portmote (n.) In old English law, a court, or mote, held in a port town.

Portoir (n.) One who, or that which, bears; hence, one who, or that which, produces.

Portoise (n.) The gunwale of a ship.

Portos (n.) See Portass.

Portpane (n.) A cloth for carrying bread, so as not to touch it with the hands.

Portrait (n.) The likeness of a person, painted, drawn, or engraved; commonly, a representation of the human face painted from real life.

Portrait (n.) Hence, any graphic or vivid de

Portraitist (n.) A portrait painter.

Portraiture (n.) A portrait; a likeness; a painted resemblance; hence, that which is copied from some example or model.

Portraiture (n.) Pictures, collectively; painting.

Portraiture (n.) The art or practice of making portraits.

Portrayal (n.) The act or process of portraying; description; de

Portrayer (n.) One who portrays.

Portreeve (n.) A port warden.

Portress (n.) A female porter.

Port-royalist (n.) One of the dwellers in the Cistercian convent of Port Royal des Champs, near Paris, when it was the home of the Jansenists in the 17th century, among them being Arnauld, Pascal, and other famous scholars. Cf. Jansenist.

Portsale (n.) Public or open sale; auction.

Portuary (n.) A breviary.

Portulaca (n.) A genus of polypetalous plants; also, any plant of the genus.

Porwigle (n.) See Polliwig.

Pose (n.) A cold in the head; catarrh.

Poser (n.) One who, or that which, puzzles; a difficult or inexplicable question or fact.

Position (n.) The state of being posited, or placed; the manner in which anything is placed; attitude; condition; as, a firm, an inc

Position (n.) The spot where a person or thing is placed or takes a place; site; place; station; situation; as, the position of man in creation; the fleet changed its position.

Position (n.) Hence: The ground which any one takes in an argument or controversy; the point of view from which any one proceeds to a discussion; also, a principle laid down as the basis of reasoning; a proposition; a thesis; as, to define one's position; to appear in a false position.

Position (n.) Relative place or standing; social or official rank; as, a person of position; hence, office; post; as, to lose one's position.

Position (n.) A method of solving a problem by one or two suppositions; -- called also the rule of trial and error.

Positive (n.) That which is capable of being affirmed; reality.

Positive (n.) That which settles by absolute appointment.

Positive (n.) The positive degree or form.

Positive (n.) A picture in which the lights and shades correspond in position with those of the original, instead of being reversed, as in a negative.

Positive (n.) The positive plate of a voltaic or electrolytic cell.

Positiveness (n.) The quality or state of being positive; reality; actualness; certainty; confidence; peremptoriness; dogmatism. See Positive, a.

Positivism (n.) A system of philosophy originated by M. Auguste Comte, which deals only with positives. It excludes from philosophy everything but the natural phenomena or properties of knowable things, together with their invariable relations of coexistence and succession, as occurring in time and space. Such relations are denominated laws, which are to be discovered by observation, experiment, and comparison. This philosophy holds all inquiry into causes, both efficient and final, to be u>

Positivist (n.) A believer in positivism.

Positivity (n.) Positiveness.

Positure (n.) See Posture.

Posnet (n.) A little basin; a porringer; a skillet.

Posology (n.) The science or doctrine of doses; dosology.

Pospolite (n.) A kind of militia in Poland, consisting of the gentry, which, in case of invasion, was summoned to the defense of the country.

Posse (n.) See Posse comitatus.

Possession (n.) The act or state of possessing, or holding as one's own.

Possession (n.) The having, holding, or detention of property in one's power or command; actual seizin or occupancy; ownership, whether rightful or wrongful.

Possession (n.) The thing possessed; that which any one occupies, owns, or controls; in the plural, property in the aggregate; wealth; dominion; as, foreign possessions.

Possession (n.) The state of being possessed or controlled, as by an evil spirit, or violent passions; madness; frenzy; as, demoniacal possession.

Possessioner (n.) A possessor; a property holder.

Possessioner (n.) An invidious name for a member of any religious community endowed with property in lands, buildings, etc., as contrasted with mendicant friars.

Possessive (n.) The possessive case.

Possessive (n.) A possessive pronoun, or a word in the possessive case.

Possessor (n.) One who possesses; one who occupies, holds, owns, or controls; one who has actual participation or enjoyment, generally of that which is desirable; a proprietor.

Posset (n.) A beverage composed of hot milk curdled by some strong infusion, as by wine, etc., -- much in favor formerly.

Possibility (n.) The quality or state of being possible; the power of happening, being, or existing.

Possibility (n.) That which is possible; a contingency; a thing or event that may not happen; a contingent interest, as in real or personal estate.

Possum (n.) An opossum.

Post (n.) A piece of timber, metal, or other solid substance, fixed, or to be fixed, firmly in an upright position, especially when intended as a stay or support to something else; a pillar; as, a hitching post; a fence post; the posts of a house.

Post (n.) The doorpost of a victualer's shop or inn, on which were chalked the scores of customers; hence, a score; a debt.

Post (n.) The place at which anything is stopped, placed, or fixed; a station.

Post (n.) A station, or one of a series of stations, established for the refreshment and accommodation of travelers on some recognized route; as, a stage or railway post.

Post (n.) A military station; the place at which a soldier or a body of troops is stationed; also, the troops at such a station.

Post (n.) The piece of ground to which a sentinel's walk is limited.

Post (n.) A messenger who goes from station; an express; especially, one who is employed by the government to carry letters and parcels regularly from one place to another; a letter carrier; a postman.

Post (n.) An established conveyance for letters from one place or station to another; especially, the governmental system in any country for carrying and distributing letters and parcels; the post office; the mail; hence, the carriage by which the mail is transported.

Post (n.) Haste or speed, like that of a messenger or mail carrier.

Post (n.) One who has charge of a station, especially of a postal station.

Post (n.) A station, office, or position of service, trust, or emolument; as, the post of duty; the post of danger.

Post (n.) A size of printing and writing paper. See the Table under Paper.

Post-abdomen (n.) That part of a crustacean behind the cephalothorax; -- more commonly called abdomen.

Postact (n.) An act done afterward.

Postage (n.) The price established by law to be paid for the conveyance of a letter or other mailable matter by a public post.

Postboy (n.) One who rides post horses; a position; a courier.

Postboy (n.) A boy who carries letters from the post.

Post-captain (n.) A captain of a war vessel whose name appeared, or was "posted," in the seniority list of the British navy, as distinguished from a commander whose name was not so posted. The term was also used in the United States navy; but no such commission as post-captain was ever recognized in either service, and the term has fallen into disuse.

Postcava (n.) The inferior vena cava.

Postclavicle (n.) A bone in the pectoral girdle of many fishes projecting backward from the clavicle.

Postcommissure (n.) A transverse commisure in the posterior part of the roof of the third ventricle of the brain; the posterior cerebral commisure.

Postcomminion (n.) The concluding portion of the communion service.

Postcomminion (n.) A prayer or prayers which the priest says at Mass, after the ablutions.

Postcornu (n.) The posterior horn of each lateral ventricle of the brain.

Postdate (n.) A date put to a bill of exchange or other paper, later than that when it was actually made.

Postdiluvian (n.) One who lived after the flood.

Post-disseizin (n.) A subsequent disseizin committed by one of lands which the disseizee had before recovered of the same disseizor; a writ founded on such subsequent disseizin, now abolished.

Post-disseizor (n.) A person who disseizes another of lands which the disseizee had before recovered of the same disseizor.

Postea (n.) The return of the judge before whom a cause was tried, after a verdict, of what was done in the cause, which is indorsed on the nisi prius record.

Postel (n.) Apostle.

Postencephalon (n.) The metencephalon.

Postentry (n.) A second or subsequent, at the customhouse, of goods which had been omitted by mistake.

Postentry (n.) An additional or subsequent entry.

Poster (n.) A large bill or placard intended to be posted in public places.

Poster (n.) One who posts bills; a billposter.

Poster (n.) One who posts, or travels expeditiously; a courier.

Poster (n.) A post horse.

Posteriority (n.) The state of being later or subsequent; as, posteriority of time, or of an event; -- opposed to priority.

Posterity (n.) The race that proceeds from a progenitor; offspring to the furthest generation; the aggregate number of persons who are descended from an ancestor of a generation; descendants; -- contrasted with ancestry; as, the posterity of Abraham.

Posterity (n.) Succeeding generations; future times.

Postern (n.) Originally, a back door or gate; a private entrance; hence, any small door or gate.

Postern (n.) A subterraneous passage communicating between the parade and the main ditch, or between the ditches and the interior of the outworks.

Postexistence (n.) Subsequent existence.

Postfact (n.) A fact that occurs after another.

Postfactum (n.) Same as Postfact.

Post-fine (n.) A duty paid to the king by the cognizee in a fine of lands, when the same was fully passed; -- called also the king's silver.

Postfix (n.) A letter, syllable, or word, added to the end of another word; a suffix.

Postfrontal (n.) A postfrontal bone.

Postfurca (n.) One of the internal thoracic processes of the sternum of an insect.

Postgeniture (n.) The condition of being born after another in the same family; -- distinguished from primogeniture.

Posthaste (n.) Haste or speed in traveling, like that of a post or courier.

Posthetomy (n.) Circumcision.

Posthouse (n.) A house established for the convenience of the post, where relays of horses can be obtained.

Posthouse (n.) A house for distributing the malls; a post office.

Postil (n.) Originally, an explanatory note in the margin of the Bible, so called because written after the text; hence, a marginal note; a comment.

Postil (n.) A short homily or commentary on a passage of Scripture; as, the first postils were composed by order of Charlemagne.

Postiler (n.) One who writers marginal notes; one who illustrates the text of a book by notes in the margin.

Postilion (n.) One who rides and guides the first pair of horses of a coach or post chaise; also, one who rides one of the horses when one pair only is used.

Postillation (n.) The act of postillating; exposition of Scripture in preaching.

Postillator (n.) One who postillates; one who expounds the Scriptures verse by verse.

Posttiller (n.) See Postiler.

Posting (n.) The act of traveling post.

Posting (n.) The act of transferring an account, as from the journal to the ledger.

Postliminium (n.) Alt. of Postliminy

Postliminy (n.) The return to his own country, and his former privileges, of a person who had gone to sojourn in a foreign country, or had been banished, or taken by an enemy.

Postliminy (n.) The right by virtue of which persons and things taken by an enemy in war are restored to their former state when coming again under the power of the nation to which they belonged.

Postlude (n.) A voluntary at the end of a service.

Postman (n.) A post or courier; a letter carrier.

Postman (n.) One of the two most experienced barristers in the Court of Exchequer, who have precedence in motions; -- so called from the place where he sits. The other of the two is called the tubman.

Postmark (n.) The mark, or stamp, of a post office on a letter, giving the place and date of mailing or of arrival.

Postmaster (n.) One who has charge of a station for the accommodation of travelers; one who supplies post horses.

Postmaster (n.) One who has charge of a post office, and the distribution and forwarding of mails.

Postmaster-general (n.) The chief officer of the post-office department of a government. In the United States the postmaster-general is a member of the cabinet.

Postmastership (n.) The office of postmaster.

Postoblongata (n.) The posterior part of the medulla oblongata.

Post office (n.) See under 4th Post.

Postorbital (n.) A postorbital bone or scale.

Postponement (n.) The act of postponing; a deferring, or putting off, to a future time; a temporary delay.

Postponence (n.) The act of postponing, in sense 2.

Postponer (n.) One who postpones.

Postposition (n.) The act of placing after, or the state of being placed after.

Postposition (n.) A word or particle placed after, or at the end of, another word; -- distinguished from preposition.

Postremogeniture (n.) The right of the youngest born.

Postrider (n.) One who rides over a post road to carry the mails.

Postscapula (n.) The part of the scapula behind or below the spine, or mesoscapula.

Postscenium (n.) The part of a theater behind the scenes; the back part of the stage of a theater.

Postscript (n.) A paragraph added to a letter after it is concluded and signed by the writer; an addition made to a book or composition after the main body of the work has been finished, containing something omitted, or something new occurring to the writer.

Postscutellum (n.) The hindermost dorsal piece of a thoracic somite of an insect; the plate behind the scutellum.

Post-temporal (n.) A post-temporal bone.

Post-tragus (n.) A ridge within and behind the tragus in the ear of some animals.

Postulant (n.) One who makes a request or demand; hence, a candidate.

Postulate (n.) Something demanded or asserted; especially, a position or supposition assumed without proof, or one which is considered as self-evident; a truth to which assent may be demanded or challenged, without argument or evidence.

Postulate (n.) The enunciation of a self-evident problem, in distinction from an axiom, which is the enunciation of a self-evident theorem.

Postulation (n.) The act of postulating, or that which is postulated; assumption; solicitation; suit; cause.

Postulatum (n.) A postulate.

Posture (n.) The position of the body; the situation or disposition of the several parts of the body with respect to each other, or for a particular purpose; especially (Fine Arts), the position of a figure with regard to the several principal members by which action is expressed; attitude.

Posture (n.) Place; position; situation.

Posture (n.) State or condition, whether of external circumstances, or of internal feeling and will; disposition; mood; as, a posture of defense; the posture of affairs.

Posturer (n.) One who postures.

Postzygapophysis (n.) A posterior zygapophysis.

Posy (n.) A brief poetical sentiment; hence, any brief sentiment, motto, or legend; especially, one inscribed on a ring.

Posy (n.) A flower; a bouquet; a nosegay.

Pot (n.) A metallic or earthen vessel, appropriated to any of a great variety of uses, as for boiling meat or vegetables, for holding liquids, for plants, etc.; as, a quart pot; a flower pot; a bean pot.

Pot (n.) An earthen or pewter cup for liquors; a mug.

Pot (n.) The quantity contained in a pot; a potful; as, a pot of ale.

Pot (n.) A metal or earthenware extension of a flue above the top of a chimney; a chimney pot.

Pot (n.) A crucible; as, a graphite pot; a melting pot.

Pot (n.) A wicker vessel for catching fish, eels, etc.

Pot (n.) A perforated cask for draining sugar.

Pot (n.) A size of paper. See Pott.

Potable (n.) A potable liquid; a beverage.

Potableness (n.) The quality of being drinkable.

Potage (n.) See Pottage.

Potager (n.) A porringer.

Potagro (n.) See Potargo.

Potale (n.) The refuse from a grain distillery, used to fatten swine.

Potamian (n.) A river tortoise; one of a group of tortoises (Potamites, or Trionychoidea) having a soft shell, webbed feet, and a sharp beak. See Trionyx.

Potamography (n.) An account or description of rivers; potamology.

Potamology (n.) A scientific account or discussion of rivers; a treatise on rivers; potamography.

Potance (n.) The stud in which the bearing for the lower pivot of the verge is made.

Potargo (n.) A kind of sauce or pickle.

Potash (n.) The hydroxide of potassium hydrate, a hard white brittle substance, KOH, having strong caustic and alka

Potash (n.) The impure potassium carbonate obtained by leaching wood ashes, either as a strong solution (lye), or as a white crystal

Potassa (n.) Potassium oxide.

Potassa (n.) Potassium hydroxide, commonly called caustic potash.

Potassamide (n.) A yellowish brown substance obtained by heating potassium in ammonia.

Potassium (n.) An Alkali element, occurring abundantly but always combined, as in the chloride, sulphate, carbonate, or silicate, in the minerals sylvite, kainite, orthoclase, muscovite, etc. Atomic weight 39.0. Symbol K (Kalium).

Potassoxyl (n.) The radical KO, derived from, and supposed to exist in, potassium hydroxide and other compounds.

Potation (n.) The act of drinking.

Potation (n.) A draught.

Potation (n.) Drink; beverage.

Potato (n.) A plant (Solanum tuberosum) of the Nightshade family, and its esculent farinaceous tuber, of which there are numerous varieties used for food. It is native of South America, but a form of the species is found native as far north as New Mexico.

Potato (n.) The sweet potato (see below).

Potator (n.) A drinker.

Pot-belly (n.) A protuberant belly.

Potboiler (n.) A term applied derisively to any literary or artistic work, and esp. a painting, done simply for money and the means of living.

Potboy (n.) A boy who carries pots of ale, beer, etc.; a menial in a public house.

Potcher (n.) One who, or that which, potches.

Potecary (n.) An apothecary.

Poteen (n.) Whisky; especially, whisky illicitly distilled by the Irish peasantry.

Potelot (n.) Molybdenum sulphide.

Potence (n.) Potency; capacity.

Potency (n.) The quality or state of being potent; physical or moral power; inherent strength; energy; ability to effect a purpose; capability; efficacy; influence.

Potent (n.) A prince; a potentate.

Potent (n.) A staff or crutch.

Potent (n.) One of the furs; a surface composed of patches which are supposed to represent crutch heads; they are always alternately argent and azure, unless otherwise specially mentioned.

Potentacy (n.) Sovereignty.

Potential (n.) Anything that may be possible; a possibility; potentially.

Potential (n.) In the theory of gravitation, or of other forces acting in space, a function of the rectangular coordinates which determine the position of a point, such that its differential coefficients with respect to the coordinates are equal to the components of the force at the point considered; -- also called potential function, or force function. It is called also Newtonian potential when the force is directed to a fixed center and is inversely as the square of the distance from the >

Potential (n.) The energy of an electrical charge measured by its power to do work; hence, the degree of electrification as referred to some standard, as that of the earth; electro-motive force.

Potentiality (n.) The quality or state of being potential; possibility, not actuality; inherent capability or disposition, not actually exhibited.

Potentiometer (n.) An instrument for measuring or comparing electrial potentials or electro-motive forces.

Potentness (n.) The quality or state of being potent; powerfulness; potency; efficacy.

Potestate (n.) A chief ruler; a potentate. [Obs.] Wyclif.

Potgun (n.) A pot-shaped cannon; a mortar.

Potgun (n.) A popgun.

Pothecary (n.) An apothecary.

Potheen (n.) See Poteen.

Pother (n.) Bustle; confusion; tumult; flutter; bother.

Pothole (n.) A circular hole formed in the rocky beds of rivers by the grinding action of stones or gravel whirled round by the water in what was at first a natural depression of the rock.

Pothook (n.) An S-shaped hook on which pots and kettles are hung over an open fire.

Pothook (n.) A written character curved like a pothook; (pl.) a scrawled writing.

Pothouse (n.) An alehouse.

Potichomania (n.) Alt. of Potichomanie

Potichomanie (n.) The art or process of coating the inside of glass vessels with engravings or paintings, so as to give them the appearance of painted ware.

Potion (n.) A draught; a dose; usually, a draught or dose of a liquid medicine.

Potlid (n.) The lid or cover of a pot.

Potluck (n.) Whatever may chance to be in the pot, or may be provided for a meal.

Potman (n.) A pot companion.

Potman (n.) A servant in a public house; a potboy.

Potoo (n.) A large South American goatsucker (Nyctibius grandis).

Potoroo (n.) Any small kangaroo belonging to Hypsiprymnus, Bettongia, and allied genera, native of Australia and Tasmania. Called also kangaroo rat.

Potpie (n.) A meat pie which is boiled instead of being baked.

Potpourri (n.) A medley or mixture.

Potpourri (n.) A ragout composed of different sorts of meats, vegetables, etc., cooked together.

Potpourri (n.) A jar or packet of flower leaves, perfumes, and spices, used to scent a room.

Potpourri (n.) A piece of music made up of different airs strung together; a medley.

Potpourri (n.) A literary production composed of parts brought together without order or bond of connection.

Potshard (n.) Alt. of Potshare

Potshare (n.) A potsherd.

Potsherd (n.) A piece or fragment of a broken pot.

Potstone (n.) A variety of steatite sometimes manufactured into culinary vessels.

Pott (n.) A size of paper. See under Paper.

Pottage (n.) A kind of food made by boiling vegetables or meat, or both together, in water, until soft; a thick soup or porridge.

Pottain (n.) Old pot metal.

Potteen (n.) See Poteen.

Potter (n.) One whose occupation is to make earthen vessels.

Potter (n.) One who hawks crockery or earthenware.

Potter (n.) One who pots meats or other eatables.

Potter (n.) The red-bellied terrapin. See Terrapin.

Pottery (n.) The vessels or ware made by potters; earthenware, glazed and baked.

Pottery (n.) The place where earthen vessels are made.

Potting (n.) Tippling.

Potting (n.) The act of placing in a pot; as, the potting of plants; the potting of meats for preservation.

Potting (n.) The process of putting sugar in casks for cleansing and draining.

Pottle (n.) A liquid measure of four pints.

Pottle (n.) A pot or tankard.

Pottle (n.) A vessel or small basket for holding fruit.

Potto (n.) A nocturnal mammal (Perodictius potto) of the Lemur family, found in West Africa. It has rudimentary forefingers. Called also aposoro, and bush dog.

Potto (n.) The kinkajou.

Pot-walloper (n.) A voter in certain boroughs of England, where, before the passage of the reform bill of 1832, the qualification for suffrage was to have boiled (walloped) his own pot in the parish for six months.

Pot-walloper (n.) One who cleans pots; a scullion.

Pouch (n.) A small bag; usually, a leathern bag; as, a pouch for money; a shot pouch; a mail pouch, etc.

Pouch (n.) That which is shaped like, or used as, a pouch

Pouch (n.) A protuberant belly; a paunch; -- so called in ridicule.

Pouch (n.) A sac or bag for carrying food or young; as, the cheek pouches of certain rodents, and the pouch of marsupials.

Pouch (n.) A cyst or sac containing fluid.

Pouch (n.) A silicle, or short pod, as of the shepherd's purse.

Pouch (n.) A bulkhead in the hold of a vessel, to prevent grain, etc., from shifting.

Pouchong (n.) A superior kind of souchong tea.

Pouch-shell (n.) A small British and American pond snail (Bulinus hypnorum).

Poudre (n.) Dust; powder.

Poudrette (n.) A manure made from night soil, dried and mixed with charcoal, gypsum, etc.

Poulaine (n.) A long pointed shoe. See Cracowes.

Pouldavis (n.) Same as Poledavy.

Pouldron (n.) See Pauldron.

Poulp (n.) Alt. of Poulpe

Poulpe (n.) Same as Octopus.

Poult (n.) A young chicken, partridge, grouse, or the like.

Poulter (n.) A poulterer.

Poulterer (n.) One who deals in poultry.

Poultice (n.) A soft composition, as of bread, bran, or a mucilaginous substance, to be applied to sores, inflamed parts of the body, etc.; a cataplasm.

Poultive (n.) A poultice.

Poultry (n.) Domestic fowls reared for the table, or for their eggs or feathers, such as cocks and hens, capons, turkeys, ducks, and geese.

Pounce (n.) A fine powder, as of sandarac, or cuttlefish bone, -- formerly used to prevent ink from spreading on manuscript.

Pounce (n.) Charcoal dust, or some other colored powder for making patterns through perforated designs, -- used by embroiderers, lace makers, etc.

Pouncing (n.) The art or practice of transferring a design by means of pounce.

Pouncing (n.) Decorative perforation of cloth.

Pound (n.) An inclosure, maintained by public authority, in which cattle or other animals are confined when taken in trespassing, or when going at large in violation of law; a pinfold.

Pound (n.) A level stretch in a canal between locks.

Pound (n.) A kind of net, having a large inclosure with a narrow entrance into which fish are directed by wings spreading outward.

Pound (n.) A certain specified weight; especially, a legal standard consisting of an established number of ounces.

Pound (n.) A British denomination of money of account, equivalent to twenty shillings sterling, and equal in value to about $4.86. There is no coin known by this name, but the gold sovereign is of the same value.

Poundage (n.) A sum deducted from a pound, or a certain sum paid for each pound; a commission.

Poundage (n.) A subsidy of twelve pence in the pound, formerly granted to the crown on all goods exported or imported, and if by aliens, more.

Poundage (n.) The sum allowed to a sheriff or other officer upon the amount realized by an execution; -- estimated in England, and formerly in the United States, at so much of the pound.

Poundage (n.) Confinement of cattle, or other animals, in a public pound.

Poundage (n.) A charge paid for the release of impounded cattle.

Poundal (n.) A unit of force based upon the pound, foot, and second, being the force which, acting on a pound avoirdupois for one second, causes it to acquire by the of that time a velocity of one foot per second. It is about equal to the weight of half an ounce, and is 13,825 dynes.

Pound-breach (n.) The breaking of a public pound for releasing impounded animals.

Poundcake (n.) A kind of rich, sweet cake; -- so called from the ingredients being used by pounds, or in equal quantities.

Pounder (n.) One who, or that which, pounds, as a stamp in an ore mill.

Pounder (n.) An instrument used for pounding; a pestle.

Pounder (n.) A person or thing, so called with reference to a certain number of pounds in value, weight, capacity, etc.; as, a cannon carrying a twelve-pound ball is called a twelve pounder.

Pounding (n.) The act of beating, bruising, or breaking up; a beating.

Pounding (n.) A pounded or pulverized substance.

Pound/keeper (n.) The keeper of a pound.

Poundrate (n.) A rate or proportion estimated at a certain amount for each pound; poundage.

Poupeton (n.) A puppet, or little baby.

Pour (n.) A stream, or something like a stream; a flood.

Pourer (n.) One who pours.

Pourlieu (n.) See Purlieu.

Pourparler (n.) A consultation preliminary to a treaty.

Pourparty (n.) A division; a divided share.

Pourpoint (n.) A quilted military doublet or gambeson worn in the 14th and 15th centuries; also, a name for the doublet of the 16th and 17th centuries worn by civilians.

Pourpresture (n.) See Purpresture.

Poursuivant (n.) See Pursuivant.

Pourveyance (n.) See Purveyance.

Pousse (n.) Pulse; pease.

Poussette (n.) A movement, or part of a figure, in the contradance.

Pout (n.) The young of some birds, as grouse; a young fowl.

Pout (n.) A sullen protrusion of the lips; a fit of sullenness.

Pout (n.) The European whiting pout or bib.

Pouter (n.) One who, or that which, pouts.

Pouter (n.) A variety of the domestic pigeon remarkable for the extent to which it is able to dilate its throat and breast.

Pouting (n.) Childish sullenness.

Povert (n.) Poverty.

Poverty (n.) The quality or state of being poor or indigent; want or scarcity of means of subsistence; indigence; need.

Poverty (n.) Any deficiency of elements or resources that are needed or desired, or that constitute richness; as, poverty of soil; poverty of the blood; poverty of ideas.

Powan (n.) Alt. of Powen

Powen (n.) A small British lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeoides, or C. ferus); -- called also gwyniad and lake herring.

Powder (n.) The fine particles to which any dry substance is reduced by pounding, grinding, or triturating, or into which it falls by decay; dust.

Powder (n.) An explosive mixture used in gunnery, blasting, etc.; gunpowder. See Gunpowder.

Powderflask (n.) A flask in which gunpowder is carried, having a charging tube at the end.

Powderhorn (n.) A horn in which gunpowder is carried.

Powdermill (n.) A mill in which gunpowder is made.

Powdike (n.) A dike a marsh or fen.

Power (n.) Same as Poor, the fish.

Power (n.) Ability to act, regarded as latent or inherent; the faculty of doing or performing something; capacity for action or performance; capability of producing an effect, whether physical or moral: potency; might; as, a man of great power; the power of capillary attraction; money gives power.

Power (n.) Ability, regarded as put forth or exerted; strength, force, or energy in action; as, the power of steam in moving an engine; the power of truth, or of argument, in producing conviction; the power of enthusiasm.

Power (n.) Capacity of undergoing or suffering; fitness to be acted upon; susceptibility; -- called also passive power; as, great power of endurance.

Power (n.) The exercise of a faculty; the employment of strength; the exercise of any kind of control; influence; dominion; sway; command; government.

Power (n.) The agent exercising an ability to act; an individual invested with authority; an institution, or government, which exercises control; as, the great powers of Europe; hence, often, a superhuman agent; a spirit; a divinity.

Power (n.) A military or naval force; an army or navy; a great host.

Power (n.) A large quantity; a great number; as, a power o/ good things.

Power (n.) The rate at which mechanical energy is exerted or mechanical work performed, as by an engine or other machine, or an animal, working continuously; as, an engine of twenty horse power.

Power (n.) A mechanical agent; that from which useful mechanical energy is derived; as, water power; steam power; hand power, etc.

Power (n.) Applied force; force producing motion or pressure; as, the power applied at one and of a lever to lift a weight at the other end.

Power (n.) A machine acted upon by an animal, and serving as a motor to drive other machinery; as, a dog power.

Power (n.) The product arising from the multiplication of a number into itself; as, a square is the second power, and a cube is third power, of a number.

Power (n.) Mental or moral ability to act; one of the faculties which are possessed by the mind or soul; as, the power of thinking, reasoning, judging, willing, fearing, hoping, etc.

Power (n.) The degree to which a lens, mirror, or any optical instrument, magnifies; in the telescope, and usually in the microscope, the number of times it multiplies, or augments, the apparent diameter of an object; sometimes, in microscopes, the number of times it multiplies the apparent surface.

Power (n.) An authority enabling a person to dispose of an interest vested either in himself or in another person; ownership by appointment.

Power (n.) Hence, vested authority to act in a given case; as, the business was referred to a committee with power.

Powldron (n.) Same as Pauldron.

Powter (n.) See Pouter.

Powpow (n.) A priest, or conjurer, among the North American Indians.

Powpow (n.) Conjuration attended with great noise and confusion, and often with feasting, dancing, etc., performed by Indians for the cure of diseases, to procure success in hunting or in war, and for other purposes.

Powpow (n.) Hence: Any assembly characterized by noise and confusion; a noisy frolic or gathering.

Pox (n.) Strictly, a disease by pustules or eruptions of any kind, but chiefly or wholly restricted to three or four diseases, -- the smallpox, the chicken pox, and the vaccine and the venereal diseases.

Poy (n.) A support; -- used in composition; as, teapoy.

Poy (n.) A ropedancer's balancing pole.

Poy (n.) A long boat hook by which barges are propelled against the stream.

Poynado (n.) A poniard.

Poynd (n.) Alt. of Poynder

Poynder (n.) See Poind, Poinder.

Poy nette (n.) A bodkin.

Poyntel (n.) Paving or flooring made of small squares or lozenges set diagonally.

Poyou (n.) A South American armadillo (Dasypus sexcinctus). Called also sixbanded armadillo.

Pozzuolana (n.) Alt. of Pozzolana

Pozzolana (n.) Volcanic ashes from Pozzuoli, in Italy, used in the manufacture of a kind of mortar which hardens under water.

Praam (n.) A flat-bottomed boat or lighter, -- used in Holland and the Baltic, and sometimes armed in case of war.

Practicability (n.) The quality or state of being practicable; practicableness; feasibility.

Practicality (n.) The quality or state of being practical; practicalness.

Practicalness (n.) Same as Practicality.

Practice (n.) Frequently repeated or customary action; habitual performance; a succession of acts of a similar kind; usage; habit; custom; as, the practice of rising early; the practice of making regular entries of accounts; the practice of daily exercise.

Practice (n.) Customary or constant use; state of being used.

Practice (n.) Skill or dexterity acquired by use; expertness.

Practice (n.) Actual performance; application of knowledge; -- opposed to theory.

Practice (n.) Systematic exercise for instruction or discip

Practice (n.) Application of science to the wants of men; the exercise of any profession; professional business; as, the practice of medicine or law; a large or lucrative practice.

Practice (n.) Skillful or artful management; dexterity in contrivance or the use of means; art; stratagem; artifice; plot; -- usually in a bad sense.

Practice (n.) A easy and concise method of applying the rules of arithmetic to questions which occur in trade and business.

Practice (n.) The form, manner, and order of conducting and carrying on suits and prosecutions through their various stages, according to the principles of law and the rules laid down by the courts.

Practicer (n.) One who practices, or puts in practice; one who customarily performs certain acts.

Practicer (n.) One who exercises a profession; a practitioner.

Practicer (n.) One who uses art or stratagem.

Practician (n.) One who is acquainted with, or skilled in, anything by practice; a practitioner.

Practick (n.) Practice.

Practisant (n.) An agent or confederate in treachery.

Practisour (n.) A practitioner.

Practitioner (n.) One who is engaged in the actual use or exercise of any art or profession, particularly that of law or medicine.

Practitioner (n.) One who does anything customarily or habitually.

Practitioner (n.) A sly or artful person.

Prad (n.) A horse.

Praecava (n.) The superior vena cava.

Praecipe (n.) A writ commanding something to be done, or requiring a reason for neglecting it.

Praecipe (n.) A paper containing the particulars of a writ, lodged in the office out of which the writ is to be issued.

Praecommissure (n.) A transverse commissure in the anterior part of the third ventricle of the brain; the anterior cerebral commissure.

Praecoracoid (n.) See Precoracoid.

Praecordia (n.) The front part of the thoracic region; the epigastrium.

Praecornu (n.) The anterior horn of each lateral ventricle of the brain.

Praefloration (n.) Same as Prefloration.

Praefoliation (n.) Same as Prefoliation.

Praemaxilla (n.) See Premaxilla.

Praemunire (n.) The offense of introducing foreign authority into England, the penalties for which were originally intended to depress the civil power of the pope in the kingdom.

Praemunire (n.) The writ grounded on that offense.

Praemunire (n.) The penalty ascribed for the offense of praemunire.

Praenomen (n.) The first name of a person, by which individuals of the same family were distinguished, answering to our Christian name, as Caius, Lucius, Marcus, etc.

Praeoperculum (n.) Same as Preoperculum.

Praesternum (n.) Same as Preoral, Prepubis, Prescapula, etc.

Praeterist (n.) See Preterist.

Praetexta (n.) A white robe with a purple border, worn by a Roman boy before he was entitled to wear the toga virilis, or until about the completion of his fourteenth year, and by girls until their marriage. It was also worn by magistrates and priests.

Praetor (n.) See Pretor.

Praetorium (n.) See Pretorium.

Praezygapophysis (n.) Same as Prezygapophysis.

Pragmatic (n.) One skilled in affairs.

Pragmatic (n.) A solemn public ordinance or decree.

Pragmaticalness (n.) The quality or state of being pragmatical.

Pragmatism (n.) The quality or state of being pragmatic; in literature, the pragmatic, or philosophical, method.

Pragmatist (n.) One who is pragmatic.

Prairial (n.) The ninth month of the French Republican calendar, which dated from September 22, 1792. It began May, 20, and ended June 18. See Vendemiaire.

Prairie (n.) An extensive tract of level or rolling land, destitute of trees, covered with coarse grass, and usually characterized by a deep, fertile soil. They abound throughout the Mississippi valley, between the Alleghanies and the Rocky mountains.

Prairie (n.) A meadow or tract of grass; especially, a so called natural meadow.

Praise-meeting (n.) A religious service mainly in song.

Praisement (n.) Appraisement.

Praiseer (n.) One who praises.

Praiseer (n.) An appraiser; a valuator.

Praiseworthiness (n.) The quality or state of being praiseworthy.

Prakrit (n.) Any one of the popular dialects descended from, or akin to, Sanskrit; -- in distinction from the Sanskrit, which was used as a literary and learned language when no longer spoken by the people. Pali is one of the Prakrit dialects.

Pram (n.) Alt. of Prame

Prame (n.) See Praam.

Prancer (n.) A horse which prances.

Prangos (n.) A genus of umbelliferous plants, one species of which (P. pabularia), found in Thibet, Cashmere, Afghanistan, etc., has been used as fodder for cattle. It has decompound leaves with very long narrow divisions, and a highly fragrant smell resembling that of new clover hay.

Prank (n.) A gay or sportive action; a ludicrous, merry, or mischievous trick; a caper; a frolic.

Pranker (n.) One who dresses showily; a prinker.

Prase (n.) A variety of cryptocrystal

Praseodymium (n.) An elementary substance, one of the constituents of didymium; -- so called from the green color of its salts. Symbol Ps. Atomic weight 143.6.

Praseolite (n.) A variety of altered iolite of a green color and greasy luster.

Prate (n.) Talk to little purpose; trifling talk; unmeaning loquacity.

Prater (n.) One who prates.

Pratic (n.) See Pratique.

Pratincole (n.) Any bird of the Old World genus Glareola, or family Glareolidae, allied to the plovers. They have long, pointed wings and a forked tail.

Pratique (n.) Primarily, liberty of converse; intercourse; hence, a certificate, given after compliance with quarantine regulations, permitting a ship to land passengers and crew; -- a term used particularly in the south of Europe.

Pratique (n.) Practice; habits.

Prattle (n.) Trifling or childish tattle; empty talk; loquacity on trivial subjects; prate; babble.

Prattlement (n.) Prattle.

Prattler (n.) One who prattles.

Pravity (n.) Deterioration; degeneracy; corruption; especially, moral crookedness; moral perversion; perverseness; depravity; as, the pravity of human nature.

Prawn (n.) Any one of numerous species of large shrimplike Crustacea having slender legs and long antennae. They mostly belong to the genera Pandalus, Palaemon, Palaemonetes, and Peneus, and are much used as food. The common English prawn is Palaemon serratus.

Praxinoscope (n.) An instrument, similar to the phenakistoscope, for presenting to view, or projecting upon a screen, images the natural motions of real objects.

Praxis (n.) Use; practice; especially, exercise or discip

Praxis (n.) An example or form of exercise, or a collection of such examples, for practice.

Prayer (n.) One who prays; a supplicant.

Preaccusation (n.) Previous accusation.

Preacher (n.) One who preaches; one who discourses publicly on religious subjects.

Preacher (n.) One who inculcates anything with earnestness.

Preachership (n.) The office of a preacher.

Preaching (n.) The act of delivering a religious discourse; the art of sermonizing; also, a sermon; a public religious discourse; serious, earnest advice.

Preachman (n.) A preacher; -- so called in contempt.

Preachment (n.) A religious harangue; a sermon; -- used derogatively.

Preacquaintance (n.) Previous acquaintance or knowledge.

Preaction (n.) Previous action.

Preadamite (n.) An inhabitant of the earth before Adam.

Preadamite (n.) One who holds that men existed before Adam.

Preadjustment (n.) Previous adjustment.

Preadministration (n.) Previous administration.

Preadmonition (n.) Previous warning or admonition; forewarning.

Preamble (n.) A introductory portion; an introduction or preface, as to a book, document, etc.; specifically, the introductory part of a statute, which states the reasons and intent of the law.

Preambulation (n.) A walking or going before; precedence.

Preambulation (n.) A preamble.

Preambulous (n.) See Perambulatory.

Preappointment (n.) Previous appointment.

Preapprehension (n.) An apprehension or opinion formed before examination or knowledge.

Prease (n.) A press; a crowd.

Preassurance (n.) Previous assurance.

Preaudience (n.) Precedence of rank at the bar among lawyers.

Prebend (n.) A payment or stipend; esp., the stipend or maintenance granted to a prebendary out of the estate of a cathedral or collegiate church with which he is connected. See Note under Benefice.

Prebend (n.) A prebendary.

Prebendary (n.) A clergyman attached to a collegiate or cathedral church who enjoys a prebend in consideration of his officiating at stated times in the church. See Note under Benefice, n., 3.

Prebendary (n.) A prebendaryship.

Prebendaryship (n.) The office of a prebendary.

Prebendship (n.) A prebendaryship.

Precant (n.) One who prays.

Precation (n.) The act of praying; supplication; entreaty.

Precaution (n.) Previous caution or care; caution previously employed to prevent mischief or secure good; as, his life was saved by precaution.

Precaution (n.) A measure taken beforehand to ward off evil or secure good or success; a precautionary act; as, to take precautions against accident.

Precedence (n.) Alt. of Precedency

Precedency (n.) The act or state of preceding or going before in order of time; priority; as, one event has precedence of another.

Precedency (n.) The act or state of going or being before in rank or dignity, or the place of honor; right to a more honorable place; superior rank; as, barons have precedence of commoners.

Precedent (n.) Something done or said that may serve as an example to authorize a subsequent act of the same kind; an authoritative example.

Precedent (n.) A preceding circumstance or condition; an antecedent; hence, a prognostic; a token; a sign.

Precedent (n.) A rough draught of a writing which precedes a finished copy.

Precedent (n.) A judicial decision which serves as a rule for future determinations in similar or analogous cases; an authority to be followed in courts of justice; forms of proceeding to be followed in similar cases.

Precellence (n.) Alt. of Precellency

Precellency (n.) Excellence; superiority.

Precentor (n.) A leader of a choir; a directing singer.

Precentor (n.) The leader of the choir in a cathedral; -- called also the chanter or master of the choir.

Precentor (n.) The leader of the congregational singing in Scottish and other churches.

Precentorship (n.) The office of a precentor.

Precent (n.) Any commandment, instruction, or order intended as an authoritative rule of action; esp., a command respecting moral conduct; an injunction; a rule.

Precent (n.) A command in writing; a species of writ or process.

Preception (n.) A precept.

Preceptor (n.) One who gives commands, or makes rules; specifically, the master or principal of a school; a teacher; an instructor.

Preceptor (n.) The head of a preceptory among the Knights Templars.

Preceptory (n.) A religious house of the Knights Templars, subordinate to the temple or principal house of the order in London. See Commandery, n., 2.

Preceptress (n.) A woman who is the principal of a school; a female teacher.

Precession (n.) The act of going before, or forward.

Precessor (n.) A predecessor.

Precinct (n.) The limit or exterior

Precinct (n.) A district within certain boundaries; a minor territorial or jurisdictional division; as, an election precinct; a school precinct.

Precinct (n.) A parish or prescribed territory attached to a church, and taxed for its support.

Preciosity (n.) Preciousness; something precious.

Preciousness (n.) The quality or state of being precious; cost

Precipe (n.) See Praecipe, and Precept.

Precipice (n.) A sudden or headlong fall.

Precipice (n.) A headlong steep; a very steep, perpendicular, or overhanging place; an abrupt declivity; a cliff.

Precipitability (n.) The quality or state of being precipitable.

Precipitance (n.) Alt. of Precipitancy

Precipitancy (n.) The quality or state of being precipitant, or precipitate; headlong hurry; excessive or rash haste in resolving, forming an opinion, or executing a purpose; precipitation; as, the precipitancy of youth.

Precipitant (n.) Any force or reagent which causes the formation of a precipitate.

Precipitantness (n.) The quality or state of being precipitant; precipitation.

Precipitate (n.) An insoluble substance separated from a solution in a concrete state by the action of some reagent added to the solution, or of some force, such as heat or cold. The precipitate may fall to the bottom (whence the name), may be diffused through the solution, or may float at or near the surface.

Precipitation (n.) The act of precipitating, or the state of being precipitated, or thrown headlong.

Precipitation (n.) A falling, flowing, or rushing downward with violence and rapidity.

Precipitation (n.) Great hurry; rash, tumultuous haste; impetuosity.

Precipitation (n.) The act or process of precipitating from a solution.

Precipitator (n.) One who precipitates, or urges on with vehemence or rashness.

Precis (n.) A concise or abridged statement or view; an abstract; a summary.

Precisian (n.) One who limits, or restrains.

Precisian (n.) An overprecise person; one rigidly or ceremoniously exact in the observance of rules; a formalist; -- formerly applied to the English Puritans.

Precisianism (n.) The quality or state of being a precisian; the practice of a precisian.

Precisianist (n.) A precisian.

Precision (n.) The quality or state of being precise; exact limitation; exactness; accuracy; strict conformity to a rule or a standard; definiteness.

Preclusion (n.) The act of precluding, or the state of being precluded; a shutting out.

Precociousness (n.) Alt. of Precocity

Precocity (n.) The quality or state of being precocious; untimely ripeness; premature development, especially of the mental powers; forwardness.

Precoetanean (n.) One contemporary with, but older than, another.

Precogita/tion (n.) Previous cogitation.

Precognition (n.) Previous cognition.

Precognition (n.) A preliminary examination of a criminal case with reference to a prosecution.

Precollection (n.) A collection previously made.

Preconceit (n.) An opinion or notion formed beforehand; a preconception.

Preconception (n.) The act of preconceiving; conception or opinion previously formed.

Preconcert (n.) Something concerted or arranged beforehand; a previous agreement.

Preconcertion (n.) The act of preconcerting; preconcert.

Precondition (n.) A previous or antecedent condition; a preliminary condition.

Preconformity (n.) Anticipative or antecedent conformity.

Preconization (n.) A publishing by proclamation; a public proclamation.

Preconization (n.) A formal approbation by the pope of a person nominated to an ecclesiastical dignity.

Preconsent (n.) A previous consent.

Precontract (n.) A contract preceding another

Precontract (n.) a contract of marriage which, according to the ancient law, rendered void a subsequent marriage solemnized in violation of it.

Precoracoid (n.) The anterior part of the coracoid (often closely united with the clavicle) in the shoulder girdle of many reptiles and amphibians.

Precurrer (n.) A precursor.

Precurse (n.) A forerunning.

Precursor (n.) One who, or that which, precedes an event, and indicates its approach; a forerunner; a harbinger.

Precursorship (n.) The position or condition of a precursor.

Precursory (n.) An introduction.

Predacean (n.) A carnivorous animal.

Predation (n.) The act of pillaging.

Prede (n.) Prey; plunder; booty.

Predecay (n.) Premature decay.

Predecease (n.) The death of one person or thing before another.

Predecessor (n.) One who precedes; one who has preceded another in any state, position, office, etc.; one whom another follows or comes after, in any office or position.

Prededication (n.) A dedication made previously or beforehand.

Predeliberation (n.) Previous deliberation.


Predella (n.) The step, or raised secondary part, of an altar; a superaltar; hence, in Italian painting, a band or frieze of several pictures running along the front of a superaltar, or forming a border or frame at the foot of an altarpiece.

Predestinarian (n.) One who believes in or supports the doctrine of predestination.

Predestinarianism (n.) The system or doctrine of the predestinarians.

Predestination (n.) The act of predestinating.

Predestination (n.) The purpose of Good from eternity respecting all events; especially, the preordination of men to everlasting happiness or misery. See Calvinism.

Predestinator (n.) One who predestinates, or foreordains.

Predestinator (n.) One who holds to the doctrine of predestination; a predestinarian.

Predestiny (n.) Predestination.

Predetermination (n.) The act of previous determination; a purpose formed beforehand; as, the predetermination of God's will.

Predicability (n.) The quality or state of being predicable, or affirmable of something, or attributed to something.

Predicable (n.) Anything affirmable of another; especially, a general attribute or notion as affirmable of, or applicable to, many individuals.

Predicable (n.) One of the five most general relations of attributes involved in logical arrangements, namely, genus, species, difference, property, and accident.

Predicament (n.) A class or kind described by any definite marks; hence, condition; particular situation or state; especially, an unfortunate or trying position or condition.

Predicament (n.) See Category.

Predicant (n.) One who predicates, affirms, or proclaims; specifically, a preaching friar; a Dominican.

Predication (n.) The act of predicating, or of affirming one thing of another; affirmation; assertion.

Predication (n.) Preaching.

Predict (n.) A prediction.

Prediction (n.) The act of foretelling; also, that which is foretold; prophecy.

Predictor (n.) One who predicts; a foreteller.

Predigestion (n.) Digestion too soon performed; hasty digestion.

Predigestion (n.) Artificial digestion of food for use in illness or impaired digestion.

Predilection (n.) A previous liking; a prepossession of mind in favor of something; predisposition to choose or like; partiality.

Prediscovery (n.) A previous discovery.

Predisponency (n.) The state of being predisposed; predisposition.

Predisponent (n.) That which predisposes.

Predisposition (n.) The act of predisposing, or the state of being predisposed; previous inclination, tendency, or propensity; predilection; -- applied to the mind; as, a predisposition to anger.

Predisposition (n.) Previous fitness or adaptation to any change, impression, or purpose; susceptibility; -- applied to material things; as, the predisposition of the body to disease.

Predominance (n.) The quality or state of being predominant; superiority; ascendency; prevalence; predomination.

Predominance (n.) The superior influence of a planet.

Predominancy (n.) Predominance.

Predomination (n.) The act or state of predominating; ascendency; predominance.

Preef (n.) Proof.

Preelection (n.) Election beforehand.

Preeminence (n.) The quality or state of being preeminent; superiority in prominence or in excellence; distinction above others in quality, rank, etc.; rarely, in a bad sense, superiority or notoriety in evil; as, preeminence in honor.

Preemption (n.) The act or right of purchasing before others.

Preemption (n.) The privilege or prerogative formerly enjoyed by the king of buying provisions for his household in preference to others.

Preemption (n.) The right of an actual settler upon public lands (particularly those of the United States) to purchase a certain portion at a fixed price in preference to all other applicants.

Preemptioner (n.) One who holds a prior to purchase certain public land.

Preemtor (n.) One who preempts; esp., one who preempts public land.

Preen (n.) A forked tool used by clothiers in dressing cloth.

Preen (n.) To dress with, or as with, a preen; to trim or dress with the beak, as the feathers; -- said of birds.

Preen (n.) To trim up, as trees.

Preengagement (n.) Prior engagement, obligation, or attachment, as by contract, promise, or affection.

Prees (n.) Press; throng.

Preestablishment (n.) Settlement beforehand.

Preeternity (n.) Infinite previous duration.

Preexamination (n.) Previous examination.

Preexistence (n.) Existence in a former state, or previous to something else.

Preexistence (n.) Existence of the soul before its union with the body; -- a doctrine held by certain philosophers.

Preexistency (n.) Preexistence.

Preexistentism (n.) The theory of a preexistence of souls before their association with human bodies.

Preexistimation (n.) Previous esteem or estimation.

Preexpectation (n.) Previous expectation.

Preface (n.) Something spoken as introductory to a discourse, or written as introductory to a book or essay; a proem; an introduction, or series of preliminary remarks.

Preface (n.) The prelude or introduction to the canon of the Mass.

Prefacer (n.) The writer of a preface.

Prefect (n.) A Roman officer who controlled or superintended a particular command, charge, department, etc.; as, the prefect of the aqueducts; the prefect of a camp, of a fleet, of the city guard, of provisions; the pretorian prefect, who was commander of the troops guarding the emperor's person.

Prefect (n.) A superintendent of a department who has control of its police establishment, together with extensive powers of municipal regulation.

Prefect (n.) In the Greek and Roman Catholic churches, a title of certain dignitaries below the rank of bishop.

Prefectship (n.) The office or jurisdiction of a prefect.

Prefecture (n.) The office, position, or jurisdiction of a prefect; also, his official residence.

Prefecundation (n.) A term collectively applied to the changes or conditions preceding fecundation, especially to the changes which the ovum undergoes before fecundation.

Preferability (n.) The quality or state of being preferable; preferableness.

Preferableness (n.) The quality or state of being preferable.

Preference (n.) The act of Preferring, or the state of being preferred; the setting of one thing before another; precedence; higher estimation; predilection; choice; also, the power or opportunity of choosing; as, to give him his preference.

Preference (n.) That which is preferred; the object of choice or superior favor; as, which is your preference?

Preferment (n.) The act of choosing, or the state of being chosen; preference.

Preferment (n.) The act of preferring, or advancing in dignity or office; the state of being advanced; promotion.

Preferment (n.) A position or office of honor or profit; as, the preferments of the church.

Preferrer (n.) One who prefers.

Prefidence (n.) The quality or state of being prefident.

Prefiguration (n.) The act of prefiguring, or the state of being prefigured.

Prefigurement (n.) The act of prefiguring; prefiguration; also, that which is prefigured.

Prefinition (n.) Previous limitation.

Prefix (n.) That which is prefixed; esp., one or more letters or syllables combined or united with the beginning of a word to modify its signification; as, pre- in prefix, con- in conjure.

Prefixion (n.) The act of prefixing.

Prefloration (n.) Aestivation.

Prefoliation (n.) Vernation.

Preformation (n.) An old theory of the preexistence of germs. Cf. Embo/tement.

Preformative (n.) A formative letter at the beginning of a word.

Prefrontal (n.) A prefrontal bone or scale.

Prefulgency (n.) Superior brightness or effulgency.

Pregnance (n.) Pregnancy.

Pregnancy (n.) The condition of being pregnant; the state of being with young.

Pregnancy (n.) Figuratively: The quality of being heavy with important contents, issue, significance, etc.; unusual consequence or capacity; fertility.

Pregnant (n.) A pregnant woman.

Pregustation (n.) The act of tasting beforehand; foretaste.

Prehallux (n.) An extra first toe, or rudiment of a toe, on the preaxial side of the hallux.

Prehensile (n.) Adapted to seize or grasp; seizing; grasping; as, the prehensile tail of a monkey.

Prehension (n.) The act of taking hold, seizing, or grasping, as with the hand or other member.

Prehnite (n.) A pale green mineral occurring in crystal

Preintimation (n.) Previous intimation; a suggestion beforehand.

Prejudgment (n.) The act of prejudging; decision before sufficient examination.

Prejudicacy (n.) Prejudice; prepossession.

Prejudication (n.) The act of prejudicating, or of judging without due examination of facts and evidence; prejudgment.

Prejudication (n.) A preliminary inquiry and determination about something which belongs to a matter in dispute.

Prejudication (n.) A previous treatment and decision of a point; a precedent.

Prejudice (n.) Foresight.

Prejudice (n.) An opinion or judgment formed without due examination; prejudgment; a leaning toward one side of a question from other considerations than those belonging to it; an unreasonable predilection for, or objection against, anything; especially, an opinion or leaning adverse to anything, without just grounds, or before sufficient knowledge.

Prejudice (n.) A bias on the part of judge, juror, or witness which interferes with fairness of judgment.

Prejudice (n.) Mischief; hurt; damage; injury; detriment.

Prejudice (n.) To cause to have prejudice; to prepossess with opinions formed without due knowledge or examination; to bias the mind of, by hasty and incorrect notions; to give an unreasonable bent to, as to one side or the other of a cause; as, to prejudice a critic or a juryman.

Prejudice (n.) To obstruct or injure by prejudices, or by previous bias of the mind; hence, generally, to hurt; to damage; to injure; to impair; as, to prejudice a good cause.

Preknowledge (n.) Prior knowledge.

Prelacy (n.) The office or dignity of a prelate; church government by prelates.

Prelacy (n.) The order of prelates, taken collectively; the body of ecclesiastical dignitaries.

Prelate (n.) A clergyman of a superior order, as an archbishop or a bishop, having authority over the lower clergy; a dignitary of the church.

Prelateity (n.) Prelacy.

Prelateship (n.) The office of a prelate.

Prelatess (n.) A woman who is a prelate; the wife of a prelate.

Prelation (n.) The setting of one above another; preference.

Prelatism (n.) Prelacy; episcopacy.

Prelatist (n.) One who supports of advocates prelacy, or the government of the church by prelates; hence, a high-churchman.

Prelatry (n.) Prelaty; prelacy.

Prelature (n.) Alt. of Prelatureship

Prelatureship (n.) The state or dignity of a prelate; prelacy.

Prelaty (n.) Prelacy.

Prelection (n.) A lecture or discourse read in public or to a select company.

Prelector (n.) A reader of lectures or discourses; a lecturer.

Prelibation (n.) A tasting beforehand, or by anticipation; a foretaste; as, a prelibation of heavenly bliss.

Prelibation (n.) A pouring out, or libation, before tasting.

Preliminary (n.) That which precedes the main discourse, work, design, or business; something introductory or preparatory; as, the preliminaries to a negotiation or duel; to take one's preliminaries the year before entering college.

Preluder (n.) One who, or that which, preludes; one who plays a prelude.

Prematurity (n.) The quality or state of being premature; early, or untimely, ripeness; as, the prematurity of genius.

Premaxilla (n.) A bone on either side of the middle

Premaxillary (n.) A premaxilla.

Premeditation (n.) The act of meditating or contriving beforehand; previous deliberation; forethought.

Premier (n.) The first minister of state; the prime minister.

Premiership (n.) The office of the premier.

Premise (n.) A proposition antecedently supposed or proved; something previously stated or assumed as the basis of further argument; a condition; a supposition.

Premise (n.) Either of the first two propositions of a syllogism, from which the conclusion is drawn.

Premise (n.) Matters previously stated or set forth; esp., that part in the beginning of a deed, the office of which is to express the grantor and grantee, and the land or thing granted or conveyed, and all that precedes the habendum; the thing demised or granted.

Premise (n.) A piece of real estate; a building and its adjuncts; as, to lease premises; to trespass on another's premises.

Premise (n.) To send before the time, or beforehand; hence, to cause to be before something else; to employ previously.

Premise (n.) To set forth beforehand, or as introductory to the main subject; to offer previously, as something to explain or aid in understanding what follows; especially, to lay down premises or first propositions, on which rest the subsequent reasonings.

Premiss (n.) Premise.

Premium (n.) A reward or recompense; a prize to be won by being before another, or others, in a competition; reward or prize to be adjudged; a bounty; as, a premium for good behavior or scholarship, for discoveries, etc.

Premium (n.) Something offered or given for the loan of money; bonus; -- sometimes synonymous with interest, but generally signifying a sum in addition to the capital.

Premium (n.) A sum of money paid to underwriters for insurance, or for undertaking to indemnify for losses of any kind.

Premium (n.) A sum in advance of, or in addition to, the nominal or par value of anything; as, gold was at a premium; he sold his stock at a premium.

Premolar (n.) An anterior molar tooth which has replaced a deciduous molar. See Tooth.

Premonishment (n.) Previous warning or admonition; forewarning.

Premonition (n.) Previous warning, notice, or information; forewarning; as, a premonition of danger.

Premonitor (n.) One who, or that which, gives premonition.

Premonstrant (n.) A Premonstratensian.

Premonstratensian (n.) One of a religious order of regular canons founded by St. Norbert at Premontre, in France, in 1119. The members of the order are called also White Canons, Norbertines, and Premonstrants.

Premonstration (n.) A showing beforehand; foreshowing.

Premonstrator (n.) One who, or that which, premonstrates.

Premotion (n.) Previous motion or excitement to action.

Premunire (n.) See Praemunire.

Premunition (n.) The act of fortifying or guarding against objections.

Prender (n.) The power or right of taking a thing before it is offered.

Prenomen (n.) See Praenomen.

Prenomination (n.) The act of prenominating; privilege of being named first.

Prenostic (n.) A prognostic; an omen.

Prenotion (n.) A notice or notion which precedes something else in time; previous notion or thought; foreknowledge.

Prensation (n.) The act of seizing with violence.

Prentice (n.) An apprentice.

Prenticehood (n.) Apprenticehood.

Prenticeship (n.) Apprenticeship.

Prenunciation (n.) The act of announcing or proclaiming beforehand.

Preoblongata (n.) The anterior part of the medulla oblongata.

Preoccupancy (n.) The act or right of taking possession before another; as, the preoccupancy of wild land.

Preoccupation (n.) The act of preoccupying, or taking possession of beforehand; the state of being preoccupied; prepossession.

Preoccupation (n.) Anticipation of objections.

Preocular (n.) One of the scales just in front of the eye of a reptile or fish.

Preopercular (n.) The preoperculum.

Preoperculum (n.) The anterior opercular bone in fishes.

Preopinion (n.) Opinion previously formed; prepossession; prejudice.

Preoption (n.) Right of first choice.

Preordinance (n.) Antecedent decree or determination.

Preordination (n.) The act of foreordaining: previous determination.

Preparation (n.) The act of preparing or fitting beforehand for a particular purpose, use, service, or condition; previous arrangement or adaptation; a making ready; as, the preparation of land for a crop of wheat; the preparation of troops for a campaign.

Preparation (n.) The state of being prepared or made ready; preparedness; readiness; fitness; as, a nation in good preparation for war.

Preparation (n.) That which makes ready, prepares the way, or introduces; a preparatory act or measure.

Preparation (n.) That which is prepared, made, or compounded by a certain process or for a particular purpose; a combination. Specifically: (a) Any medicinal substance fitted for use. (b) Anything treated for preservation or examination as a specimen. (c) Something prepared for use in cookery.

Preparation (n.) An army or fleet.

Preparation (n.) The holding over of a note from one chord into the next chord, where it forms a temporary discord, until resolved in the chord that follows; the anticipation of a discordant note in the preceding concord, so that the ear is prepared for the shock. See Suspension.

Preparation (n.) Accomplishment; qualification.

Preparative (n.) That which has the power of preparing, or previously fitting for a purpose; that which prepares.

Preparative (n.) That which is done in the way of preparation.

Preparator (n.) One who prepares beforehand, as subjects for dissection, specimens for preservation in collections, etc.

Prepare (n.) Preparation.

Preparer (n.) One who, or that which, prepares, fits, or makes ready.

Prepayment (n.) Payment in advance.

Prepollence (n.) Alt. of Prepollency

Prepollency (n.) The quality or state of being prepollent; superiority of power; predominance; prevalence.

Prepollent (n.) An extra first digit, or rudiment of a digit, on the preaxial side of the pollex.

Preponderance (n.) Alt. of Preponderancy

Preponderancy (n.) The quality or state of being preponderant; superiority or excess of weight, influence, or power, etc.; an outweighing.

Preponderancy (n.) The excess of weight of that part of a canon behind the trunnions over that in front of them.

Preponderation (n.) The act or state of preponderating; preponderance; as, a preponderation of reasons.

Preposition (n.) A word employed to connect a noun or a pronoun, in an adjectival or adverbial sense, with some other word; a particle used with a noun or pronoun (in English always in the objective case) to make a phrase limiting some other word; -- so called because usually placed before the word with which it is phrased; as, a bridge of iron; he comes from town; it is good for food; he escaped by running.

Preposition (n.) A proposition; an exposition; a discourse.

Prepositive (n.) A prepositive word.

Prepositor (n.) A scholar appointed to inspect other scholars; a monitor.

Prepositure (n.) The office or dignity of a provost; a provostship.

Prepossession (n.) Preoccupation; prior possession.

Prepossession (n.) Preoccupation of the mind by an opinion, or impression, already formed; preconceived opinion; previous impression; bias; -- generally, but not always, used in a favorable sense; as, the prepossessions of childhood.

Prepossessor (n.) One who possesses, or occupies, previously.

Prepostor (n.) See Prepositor.

Prepotency (n.) The quality or condition of being prepotent; predominance.

Prepotency (n.) The capacity, on the part of one of the parents, as compared with the other, to transmit more than his or her own share of characteristics to their offspring.

Prepubis (n.) A bone or cartilage, of some animals, situated in the middle

Prepuce (n.) The foreskin.

Preraphaelism (n.) Alt. of Preraphaelitism

Preraphaelitism (n.) The doctrine or practice of a school of modern painters who profess to be followers of the painters before Raphael. Its adherents advocate careful study from nature, delicacy and minuteness of workmanship, and an exalted and delicate conception of the subject.

Preraphaelite (n.) One who favors or practices art as it was before Raphael; one who favors or advocates preraphaelitism.

Preregnant (n.) One who reigns before another; a sovereign predecessor.

Prerequisite (n.) Something previously required, or necessary to an end or effect proposed.

Prerogative (n.) An exclusive or peculiar privilege; prior and indefeasible right; fundamental and essential possession; -- used generally of an official and hereditary right which may be asserted without question, and for the exercise of which there is no responsibility or accountability as to the fact and the manner of its exercise.

Prerogative (n.) Precedence; preeminence; first rank.

Presagement (n.) The act or art of presaging; a foreboding.

Presagement (n.) That which is presaged, or foretold.

Presager (n.) One who, or that which, presages; a foreteller; a foreboder.

Presbyope (n.) One who has presbyopia; a farsighted person.

Presbyopy (n.) See Presbyopia.

Presbyte (n.) Same as Presbyope.

Presbyter (n.) An elder in the early Christian church. See 2d Citation under Bishop, n., 1.

Presbyter (n.) One ordained to the second order in the ministry; -- called also priest.

Presbyter (n.) A member of a presbytery whether lay or clerical.

Presbyter (n.) A Presbyterian.

Presbyterate (n.) A presbytery; also, presbytership.

Presbyteress (n.) A female presbyter.

Presbyterian (n.) One who maintains the validity of ordination and government by presbyters; a member of the Presbyterian church.

Presbyterianism (n.) That form of church government which invests presbyters with all spiritual power, and admits no prelates over them; also, the faith and polity of the Presbyterian churches, taken collectively.

Presbyterium (n.) Same as Presbytery, 4.

Presbytership (n.) The office or station of a presbyter; presbyterate.

Presbytery (n.) A body of elders in the early Christian church.

Presbytery (n.) A judicatory consisting of all the ministers within a certain district, and one layman, who is a ruling elder, from each parish or church, commissioned to represent the church in conjunction with the pastor. This body has a general jurisdiction over the churches under its care, and next below the provincial synod in authority.

Presbytery (n.) The Presbyterian religion of polity.

Presbytery (n.) That part of the church reserved for the officiating priest.

Presbytery (n.) The residence of a priest or clergyman.

Presbytia (n.) Presbyopia.

Presbytism (n.) Presbyopia.

Presscapula (n.) The part of the scapula in front of, or above, the spine, or mesoscapula.

Prescience (n.) Knowledge of events before they take place; foresight.

Prescriber (n.) One who prescribes.

Prescript (n.) Direction; precept; model prescribed.

Prescript (n.) A medical prescription.

Prescriptibility (n.) The quality or state of being prescriptible.

Prescription (n.) The act of prescribing, directing, or dictating; direction; precept; also, that which is prescribed.

Prescription (n.) A direction of a remedy or of remedies for a disease, and the manner of using them; a medical recipe; also, a prescribed remedy.

Prescription (n.) A prescribing for title; the claim of title to a thing by virtue immemorial use and enjoyment; the right or title acquired by possession had during the time and in the manner fixed by law.

Prescutum (n.) The first of the four pieces composing the dorsal part, or tergum, of a thoracic segment of an insect. It is usually small and inconspicuous.

Preseance (n.) Priority of place in sitting.

Presence (n.) The state of being present, or of being within sight or call, or at hand; -- opposed to absence.

Presence (n.) The place in which one is present; the part of space within one's ken, call, influence, etc.; neighborhood without the intervention of anything that forbids intercourse.

Presence (n.) Specifically, neighborhood to the person of one of superior of exalted rank; also, presence chamber.

Presence (n.) The whole of the personal qualities of an individual; person; personality; especially, the person of a superior, as a sovereign.

Presence (n.) An assembly, especially of person of rank or nobility; noble company.

Presence (n.) Port, mien; air; personal appearence.

Presensation (n.) Previous sensation, notion, or idea.

Presension (n.) Previous perception.

Present (n.) Anything presented or given; a gift; a donative; as, a Christmas present.

Present (n.) The position of a soldier in presenting arms; as, to stand at present.

Presentation (n.) The act of presenting, or the state of being presented; a setting forth; an offering; bestowal.

Presentation (n.) exhibition; representation; display; appearance; semblance; show.

Presentation (n.) That which is presented or given; a present; a gift, as, the picture was a presentation.

Presentation (n.) The act of offering a clergyman to the bishop or ordinary for institution in a benefice; the right of presenting a clergyman.

Presentation (n.) The particular position of the child during labor relatively to the passage though which it is to be brought forth; -- specifically designated by the part which first appears at the mouth of the uterus; as, a breech presentation.

Presenter (n.) One who presents.

Presentiality (n.) State of being actually present.

Presentiment (n.) Previous sentiment, conception, or opinion; previous apprehension; especially, an antecedent impression or conviction of something unpleasant, distressing, or calamitous, about to happen; anticipation of evil; foreboding.

Presention (n.) See Presension.

Presentment (n.) The act of presenting, or the state of being presented; presentation.

Presentment (n.) Setting forth to view; de

Presentment (n.) The notice taken by a grand jury of any offence from their own knowledge or observation, without any bill of indictment laid before them, as, the presentment of a nuisance, a libel, or the like; also, an inquisition of office and indictment by a grand jury; an official accusation presented to a tribunal by the grand jury in an indictment, or the act of offering an indictment; also, the indictment itself.

Presentment (n.) The official notice (formerly required to be given in court) of the surrender of a copyhold estate.

Presentness (n.) The quality or state of being present; presence.

Presentoir (n.) An ornamental tray, dish, or the like, used as a salver.

Preservation (n.) The act or process of preserving, or keeping safe; the state of being preserved, or kept from injury, destruction, or decay; security; safety; as, preservation of life, fruit, game, etc.; a picture in good preservation.

Preservative (n.) That which preserves, or has the power of preserving; a presevative agent.

Preservatory (n.) A preservative.

Preservatory (n.) A room, or apparatus, in which perishable things, as fruit, vegetables, etc., can be preserved without decay.

Preserve (n.) That which is preserved; fruit, etc., seasoned and kept by suitable preparation; esp., fruit cooked with sugar; -- commonly in the plural.

Preserve (n.) A place in which game, fish, etc., are preserved for purposes of sport, or for food.

Preserver (n.) One who, or that which, preserves, saves, or defends, from destruction, injury, or decay; esp., one who saves the life or character of another.

Preserver (n.) One who makes preserves of fruit.

Presidence (n.) See Presidency.

Presidency (n.) The function or condition of one who presides; superintendence; control and care.

Presidency (n.) The office of president; as, Washington was elected to the presidency.

Presidency (n.) The term during which a president holds his office; as, during the presidency of Madison.

Presidency (n.) One of the three great divisions of British India, the Bengal, Madras, and Bombay Presidencies, each of which had a council of which its governor was president.

President (n.) Precedent.

President (n.) One who is elected or appointed to preside; a presiding officer, as of a legislative body.

President (n.) The chief officer of a corporation, company, institution, society, or the like.

President (n.) The chief executive officer of the government in certain republics; as, the president of the United States.

President (n.) A protector; a guardian; a presiding genius.

Presidentship (n.) The office and dignity of president; presidency.

Presider (n.) One who presides.

Presidary (n.) A guard.

Presidio (n.) A place of defense; a fortress; a garrison; a fortress; a garrison or guardhouse.

Presignification (n.) The act of signifying or showing beforehand.

Presphenoid (n.) The presphenoid bone.

Press (n.) An East Indian insectivore (Tupaia ferruginea). It is arboreal in its habits, and has a bushy tail. The fur is soft, and varies from rusty red to maroon and to brownish black.

Press (n.) To force into service, particularly into naval service; to impress.

Press (n.) A commission to force men into public service, particularly into the navy.

Press (n.) An apparatus or machine by which any substance or body is pressed, squeezed, stamped, or shaped, or by which an impression of a body is taken; sometimes, the place or building containing a press or presses.

Press (n.) Specifically, a printing press.

Press (n.) The art or business of printing and publishing; hence, printed publications, taken collectively, more especially newspapers or the persons employed in writing for them; as, a free press is a blessing, a licentious press is a curse.

Press (n.) An upright case or closet for the safe keeping of articles; as, a clothes press.

Press (n.) The act of pressing or thronging forward.

Press (n.) Urgent demands of business or affairs; urgency; as, a press of engagements.

Press (n.) A multitude of individuals crowded together; / crowd of single things; a throng.

Presser (n.) One who, or that which, presses.

Pressgang (n.) See Press gang, under Press.

Pression (n.) The act of pressing; pressure.

Pression (n.) An endeavor to move.

Pressiroster (n.) One of a tribe of wading birds (Pressirostres) including those which have a compressed beak, as the plovers.

Pressman (n.) One who manages, or attends to, a press, esp. a printing press.

Pressman (n.) One who presses clothes; as, a tailor's pressman.

Pressman (n.) One of a press gang, who aids in forcing men into the naval service; also, one forced into the service.

Pressurage (n.) Pressure.

Pressurage (n.) The juice of the grape extracted by the press; also, a fee paid for the use of a wine press.

Pressure (n.) The act of pressing, or the condition of being pressed; compression; a squeezing; a crushing; as, a pressure of the hand.

Pressure (n.) A contrasting force or impulse of any kind; as, the pressure of poverty; the pressure of taxes; the pressure of motives on the mind; the pressure of civilization.

Pressure (n.) Affliction; distress; grievance.

Pressure (n.) Urgency; as, the pressure of business.

Pressure (n.) Impression; stamp; character impressed.

Pressure (n.) The action of a force against some obstacle or opposing force; a force in the nature of a thrust, distributed over a surface, often estimated with reference to the upon a unit's area.

Presswork (n.) The art of printing from the surface of type, plates, or engravings in relief, by means of a press; the work so done.

Prest (n.) Ready money; a loan of money.

Prest (n.) A duty in money formerly paid by the sheriff on his account in the exchequer, or for money left or remaining in his hands.

Prestation (n.) A payment of money; a toll or duty; also, the rendering of a service.

Prester (n.) A meteor or exhalation formerly supposed to be thrown from the clouds with such violence that by collision it is set on fire.

Prester (n.) One of the veins of the neck when swollen with anger or other excitement.

Prester (n.) A priest or presbyter; as, Prester John.

Presternum (n.) The anterior segment of the sternum; the manubrium.

Prestidigitation (n.) Legerdemain; sleight of hand; juggling.

Prestidigitator (n.) One skilled in legerdemain or sleight of hand; a juggler.

Prestigiation (n.) Legerdemain; prestidigitation.

Prestigiator (n.) A juggler; prestidigitator.

Prestimony (n.) A fund for the support of a priest, without the title of a benefice. The patron in the collator.

Presstriction (n.) Obstruction, dimness, or defect of sight.

Presultor (n.) A leader in the dance.

Presumer (n.) One who presumes; also, an arrogant person.

Presumption (n.) The act of presuming, or believing upon probable evidence; the act of assuming or taking for granted; belief upon incomplete proof.

Presumption (n.) Ground for presuming; evidence probable, but not conclusive; strong probability; reasonable supposition; as, the presumption is that an event has taken place.

Presumption (n.) That which is presumed or assumed; that which is supposed or believed to be real or true, on evidence that is probable but not conclusive.

Presumption (n.) The act of venturing beyond due beyond due bounds; an overstepping of the bounds of reverence, respect, or courtesy; forward, overconfident, or arrogant opinion or conduct; presumptuousness; arrogance; effrontery.

Presumptuousness (n.) The quality or state of being presumptuous.

Presupposal (n.) Presupposition.

Presupposition (n.) The act of presupposing; an antecedent implication; presumption.

Presupposition (n.) That which is presupposed; a previous supposition or surmise.

Presurmise (n.) A surmise previously formed.

Pretendant (n.) A pretender; a claimant.

Pretendence (n.) The act of pretending; pretense.

Pretender (n.) One who lays claim, or asserts a title (to something); a claimant.

Pretender (n.) The pretender (Eng. Hist.), the son or the grandson of James II., the heir of the royal family of Stuart, who laid claim to the throne of Great Britain, from which the house was excluded by law.

Pretender (n.) One who pretends, simulates, or feigns.

Pretendership (n.) The character, right, or claim of a pretender.

Pretense (n.) Alt. of Pretence

Pretence (n.) The act of laying claim; the claim laid; assumption; pretension.

Pretence (n.) The act of holding out, or offering, to others something false or feigned; presentation of what is deceptive or hypocritical; deception by showing what is unreal and concealing what is real; false show; simulation; as, pretense of illness; under pretense of patriotism; on pretense of revenging Caesar's death.

Pretence (n.) That which is pretended; false, deceptive, or hypocritical show, argument, or reason; pretext; feint.

Pretence (n.) Intention; design.

Pretension (n.) The act of pretending, or laying claim; the act of asserting right or title.

Pretension (n.) A claim made, whether true or false; a right alleged or assumed; a holding out the appearance of possessing a certain character; as, pretensions to scholarship.

Preterist (n.) One whose chief interest is in the past; one who regards the past with most pleasure or favor.

Preterist (n.) One who believes the prophecies of the Apocalypse to have been already fulfilled.

Preterit (n.) The preterit; also, a word in the preterit tense.

Preteriteness (n.) Same as Preteritness.

Preterition (n.) The act of passing, or going past; the state of being past.

Preterition (n.) A figure by which, in pretending to pass over anything, a summary mention of it is made; as, "I will not say, he is valiant, he is learned, he is just." Called also paraleipsis.

Preterition (n.) The omission by a testator of some one of his heirs who is entitled to a portion.

Preteritness (n.) The quality or state of being past.

Pretermission (n.) The act of passing by or omitting; omission.

Pretermission (n.) See Preterition.

Preternaturalism (n.) The state of being preternatural; a preternatural condition.

Preternaturality (n.) Preternaturalness.

Preternaturalness (n.) The quality or state of being preternatural.

Pretervection (n.) The act of carrying past or beyond.

Pretext (n.) Ostensible reason or motive assigned or assumed as a color or cover for the real reason or motive; pretense; disguise.

Pretexture (n.) A pretext.

Pretor (n.) A civil officer or magistrate among the ancient Romans.

Pretor (n.) Hence, a mayor or magistrate.

Pretorian (n.) A soldier of the pretorian guard.

Pretorium (n.) The general's tent in a Roman camp; hence, a council of war, because held in the general's tent.

Pretorium (n.) The official residence of a governor of a province; hence, a place; a splendid country seat.

Pretorship (n.) The office or dignity of a pretor.

Prettiness (n.) The quality or state of being pretty; -- used sometimes in a disparaging sense.

Prettyism (n.) Affectation of a pretty style, manner, etc.

Pretzel (n.) A kind of German biscuit or cake in the form of a twisted ring, salted on the outside.

Prevailment (n.) Prevalence; superior influence; efficacy.

Prevalence (n.) The quality or condition of being prevalent; superior strength, force, or influence; general existence, reception, or practice; wide extension; as, the prevalence of virtue, of a fashion, or of a disease; the prevalence of a rumor.

Prevalency (n.) See Prevalence.

Prevarication (n.) The act of prevaricating, shuffling, or quibbling, to evade the truth or the disclosure of truth; a deviation from the truth and fair dealing.

Prevarication (n.) A secret abuse in the exercise of a public office.

Prevarication (n.) The collusion of an informer with the defendant, for the purpose of making a sham prosecution.

Prevarication (n.) A false or deceitful seeming to undertake a thing for the purpose of defeating or destroying it.

Prevaricator (n.) One who prevaricates.

Prevaricator (n.) A sham dealer; one who colludes with a defendant in a sham prosecution.

Prevaricator (n.) One who betrays or abuses a trust.

Preve (n.) Proof.

Prevenance (n.) A going before; anticipation in sequence or order.

Prevenancy (n.) The act of anticipating another's wishes, desires, etc., in the way of favor or courtesy; hence, civility; obligingness.

Prevenience (n.) The act of going before; anticipation.

Preventability (n.) The quality or state of being preventable.

Preventative (n.) That which prevents; -- incorrectly used instead of preventive.

Preventer (n.) One who goes before; one who forestalls or anticipates another.

Preventer (n.) One who prevents or obstructs; a hinderer; that which hinders; as, a preventer of evils or of disease.

Preventer (n.) An auxiliary rope to strengthen a mast.

Prevention (n.) The act of going, or state of being, before.

Prevention (n.) Anticipation; esp., anticipation of needs or wishes; hence, precaution; forethought.

Prevention (n.) The act of preventing or hindering; obstruction of action, access, or approach; thwarting.

Prevention (n.) Prejudice; prepossession.

Preventive (n.) That which prevents, hinders, or obstructs; that which intercepts access; in medicine, something to prevent disease; a prophylactic.

Previousness (n.) The quality or state of being previous; priority or antecedence in time.

Prevision (n.) Foresight; foreknowledge; prescience.

Prey (n.) Anything, as goods, etc., taken or got by violence; anything taken by force from an enemy in war; spoil; booty; plunder.

Prey (n.) That which is or may be seized by animals or birds to be devoured; hence, a person given up as a victim.

Prey (n.) The act of devouring other creatures; ravage.

Prey (n.) To take booty; to gather spoil; to ravage; to take food by violence.

Preyer (n.) One who, or that which, preys; a plunderer; a waster; a devourer.

Prezygapophysis (n.) An anterior zygapophysis.

Prial (n.) A corruption of pair royal. See under Pair, n.

Prian (n.) A fine, white, somewhat friable clay; also, the ore contained in a mixture of clay and pebbles.

Priapean (n.) A species of hexameter verse so constructed as to be divisible into two portions of three feet each, having generally a trochee in the first and the fourth foot, and an amphimacer in the third; -- applied also to a regular hexameter verse when so constructed as to be divisible into two portions of three feet each.

Priapism (n.) More or less permanent erection and rigidity of the penis, with or without sexual desire.

Pricasour (n.) A hard rider.

Priceite (n.) A hydrous borate of lime, from Oregon.

Prick (n.) To pierce slightly with a sharp-pointed instrument or substance; to make a puncture in, or to make by puncturing; to drive a fine point into; as, to prick one with a pin, needle, etc.; to prick a card; to prick holes in paper.

Prick (n.) To fix by the point; to attach or hang by puncturing; as, to prick a knife into a board.

Prick (n.) To mark or denote by a puncture; to designate by pricking; to choose; to mark; -- sometimes with off.

Prick (n.) To mark the out

Prick (n.) To ride or guide with spurs; to spur; to goad; to incite; to urge on; -- sometimes with on, or off.

Prick (n.) To affect with sharp pain; to sting, as with remorse.

Prick (n.) To make sharp; to erect into a point; to raise, as something pointed; -- said especially of the ears of an animal, as a horse or dog; and usually followed by up; -- hence, to prick up the ears, to listen sharply; to have the attention and interest strongly engaged.

Prick (n.) To render acid or pungent.

Prick (n.) To dress; to prink; -- usually with up.

Prick (n.) To run a middle seam through, as the cloth of a sail.

Prick (n.) To trace on a chart, as a ship's course.

Prick (n.) To drive a nail into (a horse's foot), so as to cause lameness.

Prick (n.) To nick.

Pricker (n.) One who, or that which, pricks; a pointed instrument; a sharp point; a prickle.

Pricker (n.) One who spurs forward; a light horseman.

Pricker (n.) A priming wire; a priming needle, -- used in blasting and gunnery.

Pricker (n.) A small mar

Pricket (n.) A buck in his second year. See Note under 3d Buck.

Pricking (n.) The act of piercing or puncturing with a sharp point.

Pricking (n.) The driving of a nail into a horse's foot so as to produce lameness.

Pricking (n.) Same as Nicking.

Pricking (n.) A sensation of being pricked.

Pricking (n.) The mark or trace left by a hare's foot; a prick; also, the act of tracing a hare by its footmarks.

Pricking (n.) Dressing one's self for show; prinking.

Pricking-up (n.) The first coating of plaster in work of three coats upon laths. Its surface is scratched once to form a better key for the next coat. In the United States called scratch coat.

Prickle (n.) A little prick; a small, sharp point; a fine, sharp process or projection, as from the skin of an animal, the bark of a plant, etc.; a spine.

Prickle (n.) A kind of willow basket; -- a term still used in some branches of trade.

Prickle (n.) A sieve of filberts, -- about fifty pounds.

Prickleback (n.) Alt. of Pricklefish

Pricklefish (n.) The stickleback.


Pricklouse (n.) A tailor; -- so called in contempt.

Prickmadam (n.) A name given to several species of stonecrop, used as ingredients of vermifuge medicines. See Stonecrop.

Prickpunch (n.) A pointed steel punch, to prick a mark on metal.

Prickshaft (n.) An arrow.

Prickwood (n.) A shrub (Euonymus Europaeus); -- so named from the use of its wood for goads, skewers, and shoe pegs. Called also spindle tree.

Pride (n.) A small European lamprey (Petromyzon branchialis); -- called also prid, and sandpiper.

Pride (n.) The quality or state of being proud; inordinate self-esteem; an unreasonable conceit of one's own superiority in talents, beauty, wealth, rank, etc., which manifests itself in lofty airs, distance, reserve, and often in contempt of others.

Pride (n.) A sense of one's own worth, and abhorrence of what is beneath or unworthy of one; lofty self-respect; noble self-esteem; elevation of character; dignified bearing; proud delight; -- in a good sense.

Pride (n.) Proud or disdainful behavior or treatment; insolence or arrogance of demeanor; haughty bearing and conduct; insolent exultation; disdain.

Pride (n.) That of which one is proud; that which excites boasting or self-gratulation; the occasion or ground of self-esteem, or of arrogant and presumptuous confidence, as beauty, ornament, noble character, children, etc.

Pride (n.) Show; ostentation; glory.

Pride (n.) Highest pitch; elevation reached; loftiness; prime; glory; as, to be in the pride of one's life.

Pride (n.) Consciousness of power; fullness of animal spirits; mettle; wantonness; hence, lust; sexual desire; esp., an excitement of sexual appetite in a female beast.

Prie (n.) The plant privet.

Priedieu (n.) A kneeling desk for prayers.

Prief (n.) Proof.

Prier (n.) One who pries; one who inquires narrowly and searches, or is inquisitive.

Priest (n.) A presbyter elder; a minister

Priest (n.) One who is authorized to consecrate the host and to say Mass; but especially, one of the lowest order possessing this power.

Priest (n.) A presbyter; one who belongs to the intermediate order between bishop and deacon. He is authorized to perform all ministerial services except those of ordination and confirmation.

Priest (n.) One who officiates at the altar, or performs the rites of sacrifice; one who acts as a mediator between men and the divinity or the gods in any form of religion; as, Buddhist priests.

Priestcap (n.) A form of redan, so named from its shape; -- called also swallowtail.

Priestcraft (n.) Priestly policy; the policy of a priesthood; esp., in an ill sense, fraud or imposition in religious concerns; management by priests to gain wealth and power by working upon the religious motives or credulity of others.

Priestery (n.) Priests, collectively; the priesthood; -- so called in contempt.

Priestess (n.) A woman who officiated in sacred rites among pagans.

Priesthood (n.) The office or character of a priest; the priestly function.

Priesthood (n.) Priests, taken collectively; the order of men set apart for sacred offices; the order of priests.

Priesting (n.) The office of a priest.

Priestism (n.) The influence, doctrines, principles, etc., of priests or the priesthood.


Prig (n.) A pert, conceited, pragmatical fellow.

Prig (n.) A thief; a filcher.

Priggery (n.) Priggism.

Priggism (n.) The quality or state of being priggish; the manners of a prig.

Priggism (n.) Roguery; thievery.

Prill (n.) The brill.

Prill (n.) A stream.

Prill (n.) A nugget of virgin metal.

Prill (n.) Ore selected for excellence.

Prill (n.) The button of metal from an assay.

Prillion (n.) Tin extracted from the slag.

Prim (n.) The privet.

Primage (n.) A charge in addition to the freight; originally, a gratuity to the captain for his particular care of the goods (sometimes called hat money), but now belonging to the owners or freighters of the vessel, unless by special agreement the whole or part is assigned to the captain.

Primality (n.) The quality or state of being primal.

Primariness (n.) The quality or state of being primary, or first in time, in act, or in intention.

Primary (n.) That which stands first in order, rank, or importance; a chief matter.

Primary (n.) A primary meeting; a caucus.

Primary (n.) One of the large feathers on the distal joint of a bird's wing. See Plumage, and Illust. of Bird.

Primary (n.) A primary planet; the brighter component of a double star. See under Planet.

Primateship (n.) The office, dignity, or position of a primate; primacy.

Prime (n.) The first part; the earliest stage; the beginning or opening, as of the day, the year, etc.; hence, the dawn; the spring.

Prime (n.) The spring of life; youth; hence, full health, strength, or beauty; perfection.

Prime (n.) That which is first in quantity; the most excellent portion; the best part.

Primeness (n.) The quality or state of being first.

Primeness (n.) The quality or state of being prime, or excellent.

Primer (n.) One who, or that which, primes

Primer (n.) an instrument or device for priming; esp., a cap, tube, or water containing percussion powder or other compound for igniting a charge of gunpowder.

Primer (n.) Originally, a small prayer book for church service, containing the little office of the Virgin Mary; also, a work of elementary religious instruction.

Primer (n.) A small elementary book for teaching children to read; a reading or spelling book for a beginner.

Primer (n.) A kind of type, of which there are two species; one, called long primer, intermediate in size between bourgeois and small pica [see Long primer]; the other, called great primer, larger than pica.

Primero (n.) A game at cards, now unknown.

Primerole (n.) See Primrose.

Primine (n.) The outermost of the two integuments of an ovule.

Priming (n.) The powder or other combustible used to communicate fire to a charge of gunpowder, as in a firearm.

Priming (n.) The first coating of color, size, or the like, laid on canvas, or on a building, or other surface.

Priming (n.) The carrying over of water, with the steam, from the boiler, as into the cylinder.

Primipara (n.) A woman who bears a child for the first time.

Primitia (n.) The first fruit; the first year's whole profit of an ecclesiastical preferment.

Primitive (n.) An original or primary word; a word not derived from another; -- opposed to derivative.

Primitiveness (n.) The quality or state of being primitive; conformity to primitive style or practice.

Primity (n.) Quality of being first; primitiveness.

Primness (n.) The quality or state of being prim; affected formality or niceness; preciseness; stiffness.

Primogenitive (n.) Primogeniture.

Primogenitor (n.) The first ancestor; a forefather.

Primogenitureship (n.) The state or privileges of the firstborn.

Primordial (n.) A first principle or element.

Primordialism (n.) Devotion to, or persistence in, conditions of the primordial state.

Primordian (n.) A name given to several kinds of plums; as, red primordian, amber primordian, etc.

Primula (n.) The genus of plants including the primrose (Primula vera).

Primus (n.) One of the bishops of the Episcopal Church of Scotland, who presides at the meetings of the bishops, and has certain privileges but no metropolitan authority.

Princedom (n.) The jurisdiction, sovereignty, rank, or estate of a prince.

Princehood (n.) Prince

Princekin (n.) A petty prince; a princeling.

Princelet (n.) A petty prince.


Princeling (n.) A petty prince; a young prince.

Princess (n.) A female prince; a woman having sovereign power, or the rank of a prince.

Princess (n.) The daughter of a sovereign; a female member of a royal family.

Princess (n.) The consort of a prince; as, the princess of Wales.

Princewood (n.) The wood of two small tropical American trees (Hamelia ventricosa, and Cordia gerascanthoides). It is brownish, veined with lighter color.

Principal (n.) A leader, chief, or head; one who takes the lead; one who acts independently, or who has controlling authority or influence; as, the principal of a faction, a school, a firm, etc.; -- distinguished from a subordinate, abettor, auxiliary, or assistant.

Principal (n.) The chief actor in a crime, or an abettor who is present at it, -- as distinguished from an accessory.

Principal (n.) A chief obligor, promisor, or debtor, -- as distinguished from a surety.

Principal (n.) One who employs another to act for him, -- as distinguished from an agent.

Principal (n.) A thing of chief or prime importance; something fundamental or especially conspicuous.

Principal (n.) A capital sum of money, placed out at interest, due as a debt or used as a fund; -- so called in distinction from interest or profit.

Principal (n.) The construction which gives shape and strength to a roof, -- generally a truss of timber or iron, but there are roofs with stone principals. Also, loosely, the most important member of a piece of framing.

Principal (n.) In English organs the chief open metallic stop, an octave above the open diapason. On the manual it is four feet long, on the pedal eight feet. In Germany this term corresponds to the English open diapason.

Principal (n.) A heirloom; a mortuary.

Principal (n.) The first two long feathers of a hawk's wing.

Principal (n.) One of turrets or pinnacles of waxwork and tapers with which the posts and center of a funeral hearse were formerly crowned.

Principal (n.) A principal or essential point or rule; a principle.

Principality (n.) Sovereignty; supreme power; hence, superiority; predominance; high, or the highest, station.

Principality (n.) A prince; one invested with sovereignty.

Principality (n.) The territory or jurisdiction of a prince; or the country which gives title to a prince; as, the principality of Wales.

Principalness (n.) The quality of being principal.

Principate (n.) Principality; supreme rule.

Principiation (n.) Analysis into primary or elemental parts.

Principle (n.) Beginning; commencement.

Principle (n.) A source, or origin; that from which anything proceeds; fundamental substance or energy; primordial substance; ultimate element, or cause.

Principle (n.) An original faculty or endowment.

Principle (n.) A fundamental truth; a comprehensive law or doctrine, from which others are derived, or on which others are founded; a general truth; an elementary proposition; a maxim; an axiom; a postulate.

Principle (n.) A settled rule of action; a governing law of conduct; an opinion or belief which exercises a directing influence on the life and behavior; a rule (usually, a right rule) of conduct consistently directing one's actions; as, a person of no principle.

Principle (n.) Any original inherent constituent which characterizes a substance, or gives it its essential properties, and which can usually be separated by analysis; -- applied especially to drugs, plant extracts, etc.

Princock (n.) Alt. of Princox

Princox (n.) A coxcomb; a pert boy.

Prinker (n.) One who prinks.

Prinpriddle (n.) The long-tailed titmouse.

Print (n.) A mark made by impression; a

Print (n.) A stamp or die for molding or impressing an ornamental design upon an object; as, a butter print.

Print (n.) That which receives an impression, as from a stamp or mold; as, a print of butter.

Print (n.) Printed letters; the impression taken from type, as to excellence, form, size, etc.; as, small print; large print; this

Print (n.) That which is produced by printing.

Print (n.) An impression taken from anything, as from an engraved plate.

Print (n.) A printed publication, more especially a newspaper or other periodical.

Print (n.) A printed cloth; a fabric figured by stamping, especially calico or cotton cloth.

Print (n.) A photographic copy, or positive picture, on prepared paper, as from a negative, or from a drawing on transparent paper.

Print (n.) A core print. See under Core.

Printer (n.) One who prints; especially, one who prints books, newspapers, engravings, etc., a compositor; a typesetter; a pressman.

Printery (n.) A place where cloth is printed; print works; also, a printing office.

Printing (n.) The act, art, or practice of impressing letters, characters, or figures on paper, cloth, or other material; the business of a printer, including typesetting and presswork, with their adjuncts; typography; also, the act of producing photographic prints.

Printshop (n.) A shop where prints are sold.

Priorate (n.) The dignity, office, or government, of a prior.

Prioress (n.) A lady superior of a priory of nuns, and next in dignity to an abbess.

Priorship (n.) The state or office of prior; priorate.

Priory (n.) A religious house presided over by a prior or prioress; -- sometimes an offshoot of, an subordinate to, an abbey, and called also cell, and obedience. See Cell, 2.

Pris (n.) See Price, and 1st Prize.

Prisage (n.) A right belonging to the crown of England, of taking two tuns of wine from every ship importing twenty tuns or more, -- one before and one behind the mast. By charter of Edward I. butlerage was substituted for this.

Prisage (n.) The share of merchandise taken as lawful prize at sea which belongs to the king or admiral.

Priscillianist (n.) A follower of Priscillian, bishop of Avila in Spain, in the fourth century, who mixed various elements of Gnosticism and Manicheism with Christianity.

Prise (n.) An enterprise.

Priser (n.) See 1st Prizer.

Prism (n.) A solid whose bases or ends are any similar, equal, and parallel plane figures, and whose sides are parallelograms.

Prism (n.) A transparent body, with usually three rectangular plane faces or sides, and two equal and parallel triangular ends or bases; -- used in experiments on refraction, dispersion, etc.

Prism (n.) A form the planes of which are parallel to the vertical axis. See Form, n., 13.

Prismoid (n.) A body that approaches to the form of a prism.

Prison (n.) A place where persons are confined, or restrained of personal liberty; hence, a place or state o/ confinement, restraint, or safe custody.

Prison (n.) Specifically, a building for the safe custody or confinement of criminals and others committed by lawful authority.

Prisoner (n.) One who is confined in a prison.

Prisoner (n.) A person under arrest, or in custody, whether in prison or not; a person held in involuntary restraint; a captive; as, a prisoner at the bar of a court.

Prisonment (n.) Imprisonment.

Pritch (n.) A sharp-pointed instrument; also, an eelspear.

Pritch (n.) Pique; offense.

Pritchel (n.) A tool employed by blacksmiths for punching or enlarging the nail holes in a horseshoe.

Prittle-prattle (n.) Empty talk; trifling loquacity; prattle; -- used in contempt or ridicule.

Privacy (n.) The state of being in retirement from the company or observation of others; seclusion.

Privacy (n.) A place of seclusion from company or observation; retreat; solitude; retirement.

Privacy (n.) Concealment of what is said or done.

Privacy (n.) A private matter; a secret.

Privacy (n.) See Privity, 2.

Privado (n.) A private friend; a confidential friend; a confidant.

Private (n.) A secret message; a personal unofficial communication.

Private (n.) Personal interest; particular business.

Private (n.) Privacy; retirement.

Private (n.) One not invested with a public office.

Private (n.) A common soldier; a soldier below the grade of a noncommissioned officer.

Private (n.) The private parts; the genitals.

Privateer (n.) An armed private vessel which bears the commission of the sovereign power to cruise against the enemy. See Letters of marque, under Marque.

Privateer (n.) The commander of a privateer.

Privateering (n.) Cruising in a privateer.

Privateersman (n.) An officer or seaman of a privateer.

Privateness (n.) Seclusion from company or society; retirement; privacy; secrecy.

Privateness (n.) The state of one not invested with public office.

Privation (n.) The act of depriving, or taking away; hence, the depriving of rank or office; degradation in rank; deprivation.

Privation (n.) The state of being deprived or destitute of something, especially of something required or desired; destitution; need; as, to undergo severe privations.

Privation (n.) The condition of being absent; absence; negation.

Privative (n.) That of which the essence is the absence of something.

Privative (n.) A term indicating the absence of any quality which might be naturally or rationally expected; -- called also privative term.

Privative (n.) A privative prefix or suffix. See Privative, a., 3.

Privativeness (n.) The state of being privative.

Privet (n.) An ornamental European shrub (Ligustrum vulgare), much used in hedges; -- called also prim.

Privilege (n.) A peculiar benefit, advantage, or favor; a right or immunity not enjoyed by others or by all; special enjoyment of a good, or exemption from an evil or burden; a prerogative; advantage; franchise.

Privilege (n.) See Call, Put, Spread, etc.

Privy (n.) A partaker; a person having an interest in any action or thing; one who has an interest in an estate created by another; a person having an interest derived from a contract or conveyance to which he is not himself a party. The term, in its proper sense, is distinguished from party.

Privy (n.) A necessary house or place; a backhouse.

Prize (n.) That which is taken from another; something captured; a thing seized by force, stratagem, or superior power.

Prize (n.) Anything captured by a belligerent using the rights of war; esp., property captured at sea in virtue of the rights of war, as a vessel.

Prize (n.) An honor or reward striven for in a competitive contest; anything offered to be competed for, or as an inducement to, or reward of, effort.

Prize (n.) That which may be won by chance, as in a lottery.

Prize (n.) Anything worth striving for; a valuable possession held or in prospect.

Prize (n.) A contest for a reward; competition.

Prize (n.) A lever; a pry; also, the hold of a lever.

Prize (n.) Estimation; valuation.

Prizeman (n.) The winner of a prize.

Prizer (n.) One who estimates or sets the value of a thing; an appraiser.

Prizer (n.) One who contends for a prize; a prize fighter; a challenger.

Prizing (n.) The application of a lever to move any weighty body, as a cask, anchor, cannon, car, etc. See Prize, n., 5.

Proa (n.) A sailing canoe of the Ladrone Islands and Malay Archipelago, having its lee side flat and its weather side like that of an ordinary boat. The ends are alike. The canoe is long and narrow, and is kept from overturning by a cigar-shaped log attached to a frame extending several feet to windward. It has been called the flying proa, and is the swiftest sailing craft known.

Proatlas (n.) A vertebral rudiment in front of the atlas in some reptiles.

Probabiliorism (n.) The doctrine of the probabiliorists.

Probabiliorist (n.) One who holds, in opposition to the probabilists, that a man is bound to do that which is most probably right.

Probabilism (n.) The doctrine of the probabilists.

Probabilist (n.) One who maintains that certainty is impossible, and that probability alone is to govern our faith and actions.

Probabilist (n.) One who maintains that a man may do that which has a probability of being right, or which is inculcated by teachers of authority, although other opinions may seem to him still more probable.

Probability (n.) The quality or state of being probable; appearance of reality or truth; reasonable ground of presumption; likelihood.

Probability (n.) That which is or appears probable; anything that has the appearance of reality or truth.

Probability (n.) Likelihood of the occurrence of any event in the doctrine of chances, or the ratio of the number of favorable chances to the whole number of chances, favorable and unfavorable. See 1st Chance, n., 5.

Probacy (n.) Proof; trial.

Probality (n.) Probability.

Probang (n.) A slender elastic rod, as of whalebone, with a sponge on the end, for removing obstructions from the esophagus, etc.

Probate (n.) Proof.

Probate (n.) Official proof; especially, the proof before a competent officer or tribunal that an instrument offered, purporting to be the last will and testament of a person deceased, is indeed his lawful act; the copy of a will proved, under the seal of the Court of Probate, delivered to the executors with a certificate of its having been proved.

Probate (n.) The right or jurisdiction of proving wills.

Probation (n.) The act of proving; also, that which proves anything; proof.

Probation (n.) Any proceeding designed to ascertain truth, to determine character, qualification, etc.; examination; trial; as, to engage a person on probation.

Probation (n.) The novitiate which a person must pass in a convent, to probe his or her virtue and ability to bear the severities of the rule.

Probation (n.) The trial of a ministerial candidate's qualifications prior to his ordination, or to his settlement as a pastor.

Probation (n.) Moral trial; the state of man in the present life, in which he has the opportunity of proving his character, and becoming qualified for a happier state.

Probationer (n.) One who is undergoing probation; one who is on trial; a novice.

Probationer (n.) A student in divinity, who, having received certificates of good morals and qualifications from his university, is admitted to several trials by a presbytery, and, on acquitting himself well, is licensed to preach.

Probationership (n.) The state of being a probationer; novitiate.

Probationship (n.) A state of probation.

Probator (n.) An examiner; an approver.

Probator (n.) One who, when indicted for crime, confessed it, and accused others, his accomplices, in order to obtain pardon; a state's evidence.

Probe (n.) An instrument for examining the depth or other circumstances of a wound, ulcer, or cavity, or the direction of a sinus, of for exploring for bullets, for stones in the bladder, etc.

Probeagle (n.) See Porbeagle.

Probity (n.) Tried virtue or integrity; approved moral excellence; honesty; rectitude; uprightness.

Problem (n.) A question proposed for solution; a matter stated for examination or proof; hence, a matter difficult of solution or settlement; a doubtful case; a question involving doubt.

Problem (n.) Anything which is required to be done; as, in geometry, to bisect a

Problematist (n.) One who proposes problems.

Proboscidian (n.) One of the Proboscidea.

Proboscis (n.) A hollow organ or tube attached to the head, or connected with the mouth, of various animals, and generally used in taking food or drink; a snout; a trunk.

Proboscis (n.) By extension, applied to various tubelike mouth organs of the lower animals that can be everted or protruded.

Proboscis (n.) The nose.

Procacity (n.) Forwardness; pertness; petulance.

Procambium (n.) The young tissue of a fibrovascular bundle before its component cells have begun to be differentiated.

Procatarxis (n.) The kindling of a disease into action; also, the procatarctic cause.

Procedendo (n.) A writ by which a cause which has been removed on insufficient grounds from an inferior to a superior court by certiorari, or otherwise, is sent down again to the same court, to be proceeded in there.

Procedendo (n.) In English practice, a writ issuing out of chancery in cases where the judges of subordinate courts delay giving judgment, commanding them to proceed to judgment.

Procedendo (n.) A writ by which the commission of the justice of the peace is revived, after having been suspended.

Procedure (n.) The act or manner of proceeding or moving forward; progress; process; operation; conduct.

Procedure (n.) A step taken; an act performed; a proceeding; the steps taken in an action or other legal proceeding.

Procedure (n.) That which results; issue; product.

Proceed (n.) See Proceeds.

Proceeder (n.) One who proceeds.

Proceeding (n.) The act of one who proceeds, or who prosecutes a design or transaction; progress or movement from one thing to another; a measure or step taken in a course of business; a transaction; as, an illegal proceeding; a cautious or a violent proceeding.

Proceeding (n.) The course of procedure in the prosecution of an action at law.

Proceleusmatic (n.) A foot consisting of four short syllables.

Procellarian (n.) One of a family of oceanic birds (Procellaridae) including the petrels, fulmars, and shearwaters. They are often seen in great abundance in stormy weather.

Proception (n.) Preoccupation.

Procerebrum (n.) The prosencephalon.

Procerite (n.) The segment next to the flagellum of the antennae of Crustacea.

Procerity (n.) Height of stature; tallness.

Process (n.) The act of proceeding; continued forward movement; procedure; progress; advance.

Process (n.) A series of actions, motions, or occurrences; progressive act or transaction; continuous operation; normal or actual course or procedure; regular proceeding; as, the process of vegetation or decomposition; a chemical process; processes of nature.

Process (n.) A statement of events; a narrative.

Process (n.) Any marked prominence or projecting part, especially of a bone; anapophysis.

Process (n.) The whole course of proceedings in a cause real or personal, civil or criminal, from the beginning to the end of the suit; strictly, the means used for bringing the defendant into court to answer to the action; -- a generic term for writs of the class called judicial.

Procession (n.) The act of proceeding, moving on, advancing, or issuing; regular, orderly, or ceremonious progress; continuous course.

Procession (n.) That which is moving onward in an orderly, stately, or solemn manner; a train of persons advancing in order; a ceremonious train; a retinue; as, a procession of mourners; the Lord Mayor's procession.

Procession (n.) An orderly and ceremonial progress of persons, either from the sacristy to the choir, or from the choir around the church, within or without.

Procession (n.) An old term for litanies which were said in procession and not kneeling.

Processional (n.) A service book relating to ecclesiastical processions.

Processional (n.) A hymn, or other selection, sung during a church procession; as, the processional was the 202d hymn.

Processionalist (n.) One who goes or marches in a procession.

Processioner (n.) One who takes part in a procession.

Processioner (n.) A manual of processions; a processional.

Processioner (n.) An officer appointed to procession lands.

Processioning (n.) A proceeding prescribed by statute for ascertaining and fixing the boundaries of land. See 2d Procession.

Prochronism (n.) The dating of an event before the time it happened; an antedating; -- opposed to metachronism.

Procidence (n.) Alt. of Procidentia

Procidentia (n.) A falling down; a prolapsus.

Procinct (n.) A state of complete readiness for action.

Proclaimer (n.) One who proclaims.

Proclamation (n.) The act of proclaiming; official or general notice; publication.

Proclamation (n.) That which is proclaimed, publicly announced, or officially declared; a published ordinance; as, the proclamation of a king; a Thanksgiving proclamation.

Proclivity (n.) Inclination; propensity; proneness; tendency.

Proclivity (n.) Readiness; facility; aptitude.

Procoele (n.) A lateral cavity of the prosencephalon; a lateral ventricle of the brain.

Procoelia (n.) Same as Procoele.

Procoelian (n.) A reptile having procoelian vertebrae; one of the Procoelia.

Proconsul (n.) An officer who discharged the duties of a consul without being himself consul; a governor of, or a military commander in, a province. He was usually one who had previously been consul.

Proconsulate (n.) The office jurisdiction of a proconsul, or the term of his office.

Proconsulship (n.) Proconsulate.

Procrastination (n.) The act or habit of procrastinating, or putting off to a future time; delay; dilatoriness.

Procrastinator (n.) One who procrastinates, or defers the performance of anything.

Procreant (n.) One who, or that which, procreates.

Procreation (n.) The act of begetting; generation and production of young.

Procreativeness (n.) The power of generating.

Procreator (n.) One who begets; a father or sire; a generator.

Procris (n.) Any species of small moths of the genus Procris. The larvae of some species injure the grapevine by feeding in groups upon the leaves.

Procrustes (n.) A celebrated legendary highwayman of Attica, who tied his victims upon an iron bed, and, as the case required, either stretched or cut of their legs to adapt them to its length; -- whence the metaphorical phrase, the bed of Procrustes.

Proctitis (n.) Inflammation of the rectum.

Proctocele (n.) Inversion and prolapse of the mucous coat of the rectum, from relaxation of the sphincter, with more or less swelling; prolapsus ani.

Proctodaeum (n.) See Mesenteron.

Proctor (n.) One who is employed to manage to affairs of another.

Proctor (n.) A person appointed to collect alms for those who could not go out to beg for themselves, as lepers, the bedridden, etc.; hence a beggar.

Proctor (n.) An officer employed in admiralty and ecclesiastical causes. He answers to an attorney at common law, or to a solicitor in equity.

Proctor (n.) A representative of the clergy in convocation.

Proctor (n.) An officer in a university or college whose duty it is to enforce obedience to the laws of the institution.

Proctorage (n.) Management by a proctor, or as by a proctor; hence, control; superintendence; -- in contempt.

Proctorship (n.) The office or dignity of a proctor; also, the term of his office.

Proctotomy (n.) An incision into the rectum, as for the division of a stricture.

Procuracy (n.) The office or act of a proctor or procurator; management for another.

Procuracy (n.) Authority to act for another; a proxy.

Procuration (n.) The act of procuring; procurement.

Procuration (n.) The management of another's affairs.

Procuration (n.) The instrument by which a person is empowered to transact the affairs of another; a proxy.

Procuration (n.) A sum of money paid formerly to the bishop or archdeacon, now to the ecclesiastical commissioners, by an incumbent, as a commutation for entertainment at the time of visitation; -- called also proxy.

Procurator (n.) One who manages another's affairs, either generally or in a special matter; an agent; a proctor.

Procurator (n.) A governor of a province under the emperors; also, one who had charge of the imperial revenues in a province; as, the procurator of Judea.

Procuratorship (n.) The office or term of a procurator.

Procurement (n.) The act of procuring or obtaining; obtainment; attainment.

Procurement (n.) Efficient contrivance; management; agency.

Procurer (n.) One who procures, or obtains; one who, or that which, brings on, or causes to be done, esp. by corrupt means.

Procurer (n.) One who procures the gratification of lust for another; a pimp; a pander.

Procuress (n.) A female procurer, or pander.

Procyon (n.) A star of the first magnitude in the constellation Canis Minor, or the Little Dog.

Procyon (n.) A genus of mammals including the raccoon.

Prod (n.) A pointed instrument for pricking or puncturing, as a goad, an awl, a skewer, etc.

Prod (n.) A prick or stab which a pointed instrument.

Prod (n.) A light kind of crossbow; -- in the sense, often spelled prodd.

Prodd (n.) A crossbow. See Prod, 3.

Prodigal (n.) One who expends money extravagantly, viciously, or without necessity; one that is profuse or lavish in any expenditure; a waster; a spendthrift.

Prodigality (n.) Extravagance in expenditure, particularly of money; excessive liberality; profusion; waste; -- opposed to frugality, economy, and parsimony.

Prodigence (n.) Waste; profusion; prodigality.

Prodigiousness (n.) The quality or state of being prodigious; the state of having qualities that excite wonder or astonishment; enormousness; vastness.

Prodigy (n.) Something extraordinary, or out of the usual course of nature, from which omens are drawn; a portent; as, eclipses and meteors were anciently deemed prodigies.

Prodigy (n.) Anything so extraordinary as to excite wonder or astonishment; a marvel; as, a prodigy of learning.

Prodigy (n.) A production out of ordinary course of nature; an abnormal development; a monster.

Prodition (n.) Disclosure; treachery; treason.

Proitor (n.) A traitor.

Prodrome (n.) A forerunner; a precursor.

Prodromus (n.) A prodrome.

Prodromus (n.) A preliminary course or publication; -- used esp. in the titles of elementary works.

Produce (n.) That which is produced, brought forth, or yielded; product; yield; proceeds; result of labor, especially of agricultural labors

Produce (n.) agricultural products.

Producement (n.) Production.

Producent (n.) One who produces, or offers to notice.

Producer (n.) One who produces, brings forth, or generates.

Producer (n.) One who grows agricultural products, or manufactures crude materials into articles of use.

Producer (n.) A furnace for producing combustible gas which is used for fuel.

Producibility (n.) The quality or state of being producible.

Product (n.) Anything that is produced, whether as the result of generation, growth, labor, or thought, or by the operation of involuntary causes; as, the products of the season, or of the farm; the products of manufactures; the products of the brain.

Product (n.) The number or sum obtained by adding one number or quantity to itself as many times as there are units in another number; the number resulting from the multiplication of two or more numbers; as, the product of the multiplication of 7 by 5 is 35. In general, the result of any kind of multiplication. See the Note under Multiplication.

Productibility (n.) The state of being productible; producibility.

Production (n.) The act or process or producing, bringing forth, or exhibiting to view; as, the production of commodities, of a witness.

Production (n.) That which is produced, yielded, or made, whether naturally, or by the application of intelligence and labor; as, the productions of the earth; the productions of handicraft; the productions of intellect or genius.

Production (n.) The act of lengthening out or prolonging.

Productivity (n.) The quality or state of being productive; productiveness.

Productress (n.) A female producer.

Productus (n.) An extinct genus of brachiopods, very characteristic of the Carboniferous rocks.

Proem (n.) Preface; introduction; preliminary observations; prelude.

Proembryo (n.) The series of cells formed in the ovule of a flowering plant after fertilization, but before the formation of the embryo.

Proembryo (n.) The primary growth from the spore in certain cryptogamous plants; as, the proembryo, or protonema, of mosses.

Proemptosis (n.) The addition of a day to the lunar calendar.

Profaneness (n.) The quality or state of being profane; especially, the use of profane language.

Profaner (n.) One who treats sacred things with irreverence, or defiles what is holy; one who uses profane language.

Profanity (n.) The quality or state of being profane; profaneness; irreverence; esp., the use of profane language; blasphemy.

Profanity (n.) That which is profane; profane language or acts.

Profection (n.) A setting out; a going forward; advance; progression.

Profert (n.) The exhibition or production of a record or paper in open court, or an allegation that it is in court.

Professional (n.) A person who prosecutes anything professionally, or for a livelihood, and not in the character of an amateur; a professional worker.

Professionalism (n.) The following of a profession, sport, etc., as an occupation; -- opposed to amateurism.

Professionalist (n.) professional person.

Professor (n.) One who professed, or makes open declaration of, his sentiments or opinions; especially, one who makes a public avowal of his belief in the Scriptures and his faith in Christ, and thus unites himself to the visible church.

Professor (n.) One who professed, or publicly teaches, any science or branch of learning; especially, an officer in a university, college, or other seminary, whose business it is to read lectures, or instruct students, in a particular branch of learning; as a professor of theology, of botany, of mathematics, or of political economy.

Professorialism (n.) The character, manners, or habits of a professor.

Professoriat (n.) See Professoriate.

Professoriate (n.) The body of professors, or the professorial staff, in a university or college.

Professoriate (n.) A professorship.

Professorship (n.) The office or position of a professor, or public teacher.

Proffer (n.) An offer made; something proposed for acceptance by another; a tender; as, proffers of peace or friendship.

Proffer (n.) Essay; attempt.

Profferer (n.) One who proffers something.

Proficience (n.) Alt. of Proficiency

Proficiency (n.) The quality of state of being proficient; advance in the acquisition of any art, science, or knowledge; progression in knowledge; improvement; adeptness; as, to acquire proficiency in music.

Proficient (n.) One who has made considerable advances in any business, art, science, or branch of learning; an expert; an adept; as, proficient in a trade; a proficient in mathematics, music, etc.

Profile (n.) An out

Profile (n.) A human head represented sidewise, or in a side view; the side face or half face.

Profile (n.) A section of any member, made at right angles with its main

Profile (n.) A drawing exhibiting a vertical section of the ground along a surveyed

Profile (n.) to draw the out

Profile (n.) To shape the out

Profiling (n.) In the construction of fieldworks, the erection at proper intervals of wooden profiles, to show to the workmen the sectional form of the parapets at those points.

Profilist (n.) One who takes profiles.

Profit (n.) Acquisition beyond expenditure; excess of value received for producing, keeping, or selling, over cost; hence, pecuniary gain in any transaction or occupation; emolument; as, a profit on the sale of goods.

Profit (n.) Accession of good; valuable results; useful consequences; benefit; avail; gain; as, an office of profit,

Profit (n.) To be of service to; to be good to; to help on; to benefit; to advantage; to avail; to aid; as, truth profits all men.

Profiting (n.) Gain; advantage; profit.

Profligate (n.) An abandoned person; one openly and shamelessly vicious; a dissolute person.

Profligateness (n.) The quality of being profligate; an abandoned course of life; profligacy.

Profligation (n.) Defeat; rout; overthrow.

Profluence (n.) Quality of being profluent; course.

Profound (n.) The deep; the sea; the ocean.

Profound (n.) An abyss.

Profoundness (n.) The quality or state of being profound; profundity; depth.

Profundity (n.) The quality or state of being profound; depth of place, knowledge, feeling, etc.

Profuseness (n.) Extravagance; profusion.

Profusion (n.) The act of one who is profuse; a lavishing or pouring out without sting.

Profusion (n.) Abundance; exuberant plenty; lavish supply; as, a profusion of commodities.

Prog (n.) Victuals got by begging, or vagrancy; victuals of any kind; food; supplies.

Prog (n.) A vagrant beggar; a tramp.

Prog (n.) A goal; progue.

Progeneration (n.) The act of begetting; propagation.

Progenitor (n.) An ancestor in the direct

Progenitorship (n.) The state of being a progenitor.

Progenitress (n.) A female progenitor.

Progeniture (n.) A begetting, or birth.

Progeny (n.) Descendants of the human kind, or offspring of other animals; children; offspring; race,

Proglottid (n.) Proglottis.

Proglottis (n.) One of the free, or nearly free, segments of a tapeworm. It contains both male and female reproductive organs, and is capable of a brief independent existence.

Prognathism (n.) Projection of the jaws.

Progne (n.) A swallow.

Progne (n.) A genus of swallows including the purple martin. See Martin.

Progne (n.) An American butterfly (Polygonia, / Vanessa, Progne). It is orange and black above, grayish beneath, with an L-shaped silver mark on the hind wings. Called also gray comma.

Prognosis (n.) The act or art of foretelling the course and termination of a disease; also, the outlook afforded by this act of judgment; as, the prognosis of hydrophobia is bad.

Prognostication (n.) The act of foreshowing or foretelling something future by present signs; prediction.

Prognostication (n.) That which foreshows; a foretoken.

Prognosticator (n.) One who prognosticates; a foreknower or foreteller of a future course or event by present signs.

Program (n.) Same as Programme.

Programma (n.) Any law, which, after it had passed the Athenian senate, was fixed on a tablet for public inspection previously to its being proposed to the general assembly of the people.

Programma (n.) An edict published for public information; an official bulletin; a public proclamation.

Programma (n.) See Programme.

Programma (n.) A preface.

Programme (n.) That which is written or printed as a public notice or advertisement; a scheme; a prospectus; especially, a brief out

Progress (n.) A moving or going forward; a proceeding onward; an advance

Progress (n.) In actual space, as the progress of a ship, carriage, etc.

Progress (n.) In the growth of an animal or plant; increase.

Progress (n.) In business of any kind; as, the progress of a negotiation; the progress of art.

Progress (n.) In knowledge; in proficiency; as, the progress of a child at school.

Progress (n.) Toward ideal completeness or perfection in respect of quality or condition; -- applied to individuals, communities, or the race; as, social, moral, religious, or political progress.

Progress (n.) A journey of state; a circuit; especially, one made by a sovereign through parts of his own dominions.

Progression (n.) The act of moving forward; a proceeding in a course; motion onward.

Progression (n.) Course; passage; lapse or process of time.

Progression (n.) Regular or proportional advance in increase or decrease of numbers; continued proportion, arithmetical, geometrical, or harmonic.

Progression (n.) A regular succession of tones or chords; the movement of the parts in harmony; the order of the modulations in a piece from key to key.

Progressionist (n.) One who holds to a belief in the progression of society toward perfection.

Progressionist (n.) One who maintains the doctrine of progression in organic forms; -- opposed to uniformitarian.

Progressist (n.) One who makes, or holds to, progress; a progressionist.

Progue (n.) A sharp point; a goad.

Proheme (n.) Proem.

Prohibiter (n.) One who prohibits or forbids; a forbidder; an interdicter.

Prohibition (n.) The act of prohibiting; a declaration or injunction forbidding some action; interdict.

Prohibition (n.) Specifically, the forbidding by law of the sale of alcoholic liquors as beverages.

Prohibitionist (n.) One who favors prohibitory duties on foreign goods in commerce; a protectionist.

Prohibitionist (n.) One who favors the prohibition of the sale (or of the sale and manufacture) of alcoholic liquors as beverages.

Project (n.) The place from which a thing projects, or starts forth.

Project (n.) That which is projected or designed; something intended or devised; a scheme; a design; a plan.

Project (n.) An idle scheme; an impracticable design; as, a man given to projects.

Projectile (n.) A body projected, or impelled forward, by force; especially, a missile adapted to be shot from a firearm.

Projectile (n.) A part of mechanics which treats of the motion, range, time of flight, etc., of bodies thrown or driven through the air by an impelling force.

Projection (n.) The act of throwing or shooting forward.

Projection (n.) A jutting out; also, a part jutting out, as of a building; an extension beyond something else.

Projection (n.) The act of scheming or planning; also, that which is planned; contrivance; design; plan.

Projection (n.) The representation of something; de

Projection (n.) Any method of representing the surface of the earth upon a plane.

Projectment (n.) Design; contrivance; projection.

Projector (n.) One who projects a scheme or design; hence, one who forms fanciful or chimerical schemes.

Projecture (n.) A jutting out beyond a surface.

Projet (n.) A plan proposed; a draft of a proposed measure; a project.

Prolapse (n.) The falling down of a part through the orifice with which it is naturally connected, especially of the uterus or the rectum.

Prolapsion (n.) Prolapse.

Prolapsus (n.) Prolapse.

Prolation (n.) The act of prolating or pronouncing; utterance; pronunciation.

Prolation (n.) The act of deferring; delay.

Prolation (n.) A mediaeval method of determining of the proportionate duration of semibreves and minims.

Prolatum (n.) A prolate spheroid. See Ellipsoid of revolution, under Ellipsoid.

Proleg (n.) One of the fleshy legs found on the abdominal segments of the larvae of Lepidoptera, sawflies, and some other insects. Those of Lepidoptera have a circle of hooks. Called also proped, propleg, and falseleg.

Prolegate (n.) The deputy or substitute for a legate.

Prolegomenon (n.) A preliminary remark or observation; an introductory discourse prefixed to a book or treatise.

Prolepsis (n.) A figure by which objections are anticipated or prevented.

Prolepsis (n.) A necessary truth or assumption; a first or assumed principle.

Prolepsis (n.) An error in chronology, consisting in an event being dated before the actual time.

Prolepsis (n.) The application of an adjective to a noun in anticipation, or to denote the result, of the action of the verb; as, to strike one dumb.

Proleptics (n.) The art and science of predicting in medicine.

Proletaire (n.) One of the common people; a low person; also, the common people as a class or estate in a country.

Proletarian (n.) A proletary.

Proletariat (n.) The indigent class in the State; the body of proletarians.

Proletariate (n.) The lower classes; beggars.

Proletary (n.) A citizen of the lowest class, who served the state, not with property, but only by having children; hence, a common person.

Prolicide (n.) The crime of destroying one's offspring, either in the womb or after birth.

Proliferation (n.) The continuous development of cells in tissue formation; cell formation.

Proliferation (n.) The production of numerous zooids by budding, especially when buds arise from other buds in succession.

Prolificacy (n.) Prolificness.

Prolification (n.) The generation of young.

Prolification (n.) Reproduction by the growth of a plant, or part of a plant, directly from an older one, or by gemmae.

Prolificness (n.) The quality or state of being prolific; fruitfulness; prolificacy.

Prolixity (n.) The quality or state of being prolix; great length; minute detail; as, prolixity in discourses and writings.

Prolixness (n.) Prolixity.

Proller (n.) Prowler; thief.

Prolocutor (n.) One who speaks for another.

Prolocutor (n.) The presiding officer of a convocation.

Proocutorship (n.) The office of a prolocutor.

Prologizer (n.) One who prologizes.

Prologue (n.) The preface or introduction to a discourse, poem, or performance; as, the prologue of Chaucer's "Canterbury Tales;" esp., a discourse or poem spoken before a dramatic performance

Prologue (n.) One who delivers a prologue.

Prolongation (n.) The act of lengthening in space or in time; extension; protraction.

Prolongation (n.) That which forms an additional length.

Prolonge (n.) A rope with a hook and a toggle, sometimes used to drag a gun carriage or to lash it to the limber, and for various other purposes.

Prolonger (n.) One who, or that which, causes an extension in time or space.

Prolongment (n.) Prolongation.

Prolusion (n.) A trial before the principal performance; a prelude; hence, an introductory essay or exercise.

Promanation (n.) The act of flowing forth; emanation; efflux.

Promenade (n.) A walk for pleasure, display, or exercise.

Promenade (n.) A place for walking; a public walk.

Promenader (n.) One who promenades.

Promerops (n.) Any one of several species of very brilliant birds belonging to Promerops, Epimarchus, and allied genera, closely related to the paradise birds, and mostly native of New Guinea. They have a long curved beak and a long graduated tail.

Promethea (n.) A large American bombycid moth (Callosamia promethea). Its larva feeds on the sassafras, wild cherry, and other trees, and suspends its cocoon from a branch by a silken band.

Promethean (n.) An apparatus for automatic ignition.

Promethean (n.) A kind of lucifer match.

Prometheus (n.) The son of Iapetus (one of the Titans) and Clymene, fabled by the poets to have surpassed all mankind in knowledge, and to have formed men of clay to whom he gave life by means of fire stolen from heaven. Jupiter, being angry at this, sent Mercury to bind Prometheus to Mount Caucasus, where a vulture preyed upon his liver.

Prominence (n.) Alt. of Prominency

Prominency (n.) The quality or state of being prominent; a standing out from something; conspicuousness.

Prominency (n.) That which is prominent; a protuberance.

Promiscuity (n.) Promiscuousness; confusion.

Promiscuousness (n.) The quality or state of being promiscuous.

Promisee (n.) The person to whom a promise is made.

Promiser (n.) One who promises.

Promisor (n.) One who engages or undertakes; a promiser.

Promont (n.) Promontory.

Promontory (n.) A high point of land or rock projecting into the sea beyond the

Promontory (n.) A projecting part. Especially: (a) The projecting angle of the ventral side of the sacrum where it joins the last lumbar vertebra. (b) A prominence on the inner wall of the tympanum of the ear.

Promorphologist (n.) One versed in the science of promorphology.

Promorphology (n.) Crystallography of organic forms; -- a division of morphology created by Haeckel. It is essentially stereometric, and relates to a mathematical conception of organic forms. See Tectology.

Promoter (n.) One who, or that which, forwards, advances, or promotes; an encourager; as, a promoter of charity or philosophy.

Promoter (n.) Specifically, one who sets on foot, and takes the preliminary steps in, a scheme for the organization of a corporation, a joint-stock company, or the like.

Promoter (n.) One who excites; as, a promoter of sedition.

Promoter (n.) An informer; a makebate.

Promottion (n.) The act of promoting, advancing, or encouraging; the act of exalting in rank or honor; also, the condition of being advanced, encouraged, or exalted in honor; preferment.

Promover (n.) A promoter.

Prompt (n.) A limit of time given for payment of an account for produce purchased, this limit varying with different goods. See Prompt-note.

Prompt-book (n.) The book used by a prompter of a theater.

Prompter (n.) One who, or that which, prompts; one who admonishes or incites to action.

Prompter (n.) One who reminds another, as an actor or an orator, of the words to be spoken next; specifically, one employed for this purpose in a theater.

Promptness (n.) Promptitude; readiness; quickness of decision or action.

Promptness (n.) Cheerful willingness; alacrity.

Prompt-note (n.) A memorandum of a sale, and time when payment is due, given to the purchaser at a sale of goods.

Promulgation (n.) The act of promulgating; publication; open declaration; as, the promulgation of the gospel.

Promulgator (n.) One who promulgates or publishes.

Promulger (n.) One who promulges or publishes what was before unknown.

Promuscis (n.) The proboscis of hemipterous insects. See Illust. under Hemiptera.

Pronaos (n.) The porch or vestibule of a temple.

Pronation (n.) The act of turning the palm or palmar surface of the forefoot downward.

Pronation (n.) That motion of the forearm whereby the palm or palmar, surface is turned downward.

Pronation (n.) The position of the limb resulting from the act of pronation. Opposed to supination.

Pronator (n.) A muscle which produces pronation.

Proneness (n.) The quality or state of being prone, or of bending downward; as, the proneness of beasts is opposed to the erectness of man.

Proneness (n.) The state of lying with the face down; -- opposed to supineness.

Proneness (n.) Descent; declivity; as, the proneness of a hill.

Proneness (n.) Inclination of mind, heart, or temper; propension; disposition; as, proneness to self-gratification.

Pronephros (n.) Alt. of Pronephron

Pronephron (n.) The head kidney. See under Head.

Prong (n.) A sharp-pointed instrument.

Prong (n.) The tine of a fork, or of a similar instrument; as, a fork of two or three prongs.

Prong (n.) A sharp projection, as of an antler.

Prong (n.) The fang of a tooth.

Prongbuck (n.) The springbuck.

Prongbuck (n.) The pronghorn.

Prong-hoe (n.) A hoe with prongs to break the earth.

Pronghorn (n.) An American antelope (Antilocapra Americana), native of the plain near the Rocky Mountains. The upper parts are mostly yellowish brown; the under parts, the sides of the head and throat, and the buttocks, are white. The horny sheath of the horns is shed annually. Called also cabree, cabut, prongbuck, and pronghorned antelope.

Pronity (n.) Proneness; propensity.

Pronotary (n.) See Prothonotary.

Pronotum (n.) The dorsal plate of the prothorax in insects. See Illust. of Coleoptera.

Pronoun (n.) A word used instead of a noun or name, to avoid the repetition of it. The personal pronouns in English are I, thou or you, he, she, it, we, ye, and they.

Pronounce (n.) Pronouncement; declaration; pronunciation.

Pronouncement (n.) The act of pronouncing; a declaration; a formal announcement.

Pronouncer (n.) One who pronounces, utters, or declares; also, a pronouncing book.

Pronucleus (n.) One of the two bodies or nuclei (called male and female pronuclei) which unite to form the first segmentation nucleus of an impregnated ovum.

Pronunciamento (n.) A proclamation or manifesto; a formal announcement or declaration.

Pronunciamiento (n.) See Pronunciamento.

Pronunciation (n.) The act of uttering with articulation; the act of giving the proper sound and accent; utterance; as, the pronunciation of syllables of words; distinct or indistinct pronunciation.

Pronunciation (n.) The mode of uttering words or sentences.

Pronunciation (n.) The art of manner of uttering a discourse publicly with propriety and gracefulness; -- now called delivery.

Pronunciator (n.) One who pronounces; a pronouncer.

Proof (n.) Any effort, process, or operation designed to establish or discover a fact or truth; an act of testing; a test; a trial.

Proof (n.) That degree of evidence which convinces the mind of any truth or fact, and produces belief; a test by facts or arguments that induce, or tend to induce, certainty of the judgment; conclusive evidence; demonstration.

Proof (n.) The quality or state of having been proved or tried; firmness or hardness that resists impression, or does not yield to force; impenetrability of physical bodies.

Proof (n.) Firmness of mind; stability not to be shaken.

Proof (n.) A trial impression, as from type, taken for correction or examination; -- called also proof sheet.

Proof (n.) A process for testing the accuracy of an operation performed. Cf. Prove, v. t., 5.

Proostracum (n.) The anterior prolongation of the guard of the phragmocone of belemnites and allied fossil cephalopods, whether horny or calcareous. See Illust. of Phragmocone.

Prootic (n.) A prootic bone.

Prop (n.) A shell, used as a die. See Props.

Propaedeutics (n.) The preliminary learning connected with any art or science; preparatory instruction.

Propaganda (n.) A congregation of cardinals, established in 1622, charged with the management of missions.

Propaganda (n.) The college of the Propaganda, instituted by Urban VIII. (1623-1644) to educate priests for missions in all parts of the world.

Propaganda (n.) Hence, any organization or plan for spreading a particular doctrine or a system of principles.

Propagandism (n.) The art or practice of propagating tenets or principles; zeal in propagating one's opinions.

Propagandist (n.) A person who devotes himself to the spread of any system of principles.

Propagation (n.) The act of propagating; continuance or multiplication of the kind by generation or successive production; as, the propagation of animals or plants.

Propagation (n.) The spreading abroad, or extension, of anything; diffusion; dissemination; as, the propagation of sound; the propagation of the gospel.

Propagator (n.) One who propagates; one who continues or multiplies.

Propagulum (n.) A runner terminated by a germinating bud.

Propane (n.) A heavy gaseous hydrocarbon, C3H8, of the paraffin series, occurring naturally dissolved in crude petroleum, and also made artificially; -- called also propyl hydride.

Propargyl (n.) Same as Propinyl.

Proparoxytone (n.) A word which has the acute accent on the antepenult.

Proped (n.) Same as Proleg.

Propeller (n.) One who, or that which, propels.

Propeller (n.) A contrivance for propelling a steam vessel, usually consisting of a screw placed in the stern under water, and made to revolve by an engine; a propeller wheel.

Propeller (n.) A steamboat thus propelled; a screw steamer.

Propendency (n.) Propensity.

Propendency (n.) Attentive deliberation.

Propene (n.) Same as Propylene.

Propension (n.) The quality or state of being propense; propensity.

Propensity (n.) The quality or state of being propense; natural inclination; disposition to do good or evil; bias; bent; tendency.

Propenyl (n.) A hypothetical hydrocarbon radical, C3H5, isomeric with allyl and glyceryl, and regarded as the essential residue of glycerin. Cf. Allyl, and Glyceryl.

Propepsin (n.) See Persinogen.

Propeptone (n.) A product of gastric digestion intermediate between albumin and peptone, identical with hemialbumose.

Properation (n.) The act of hastening; haste.

Properispome (n.) Properispomenon.

Properispomenon (n.) A word which has the circumflex accent on the penult.

Properness (n.) The quality of being proper.

Properness (n.) Tallness; come

Prophasis (n.) Foreknowledge of a disease; prognosis.

Prophecy (n.) A declaration of something to come; a foretelling; a prediction; esp., an inspired foretelling.

Prophecy (n.) A book of prophecies; a history; as, the prophecy of Ahijah.

Prophecy (n.) Public interpretation of Scripture; preaching; exhortation or instruction.

Prophesier (n.) A prophet.

Prophet (n.) One who prophesies, or foretells events; a predicter; a foreteller.

Prophet (n.) One inspired or instructed by God to speak in his name, or announce future events, as, Moses, Elijah, etc.

Prophet (n.) An interpreter; a spokesman.

Prophet (n.) A mantis.

Prophetess (n.) A female prophet.

Propheticality (n.) Propheticalness.

Propheticalness (n.) The quality or state of being prophetical; power or capacity to foretell.

Prophragma (n.) An internal dorsal chitinous process between the first two divisions of the thorax of insects.

Prophylactic (n.) A medicine which preserves or defends against disease; a preventive.

Prophylaxis (n.) The art of preserving from, or of preventing, disease; the observance of the rules necessary for the preservation of health; preservative or preventive treatment.

Propidene (n.) The unsymmetrical hypothetical hydrocarbon radical, CH3.CH2.CH, analogous to ethylidene, and regarded as the type of certain derivatives of propane; -- called also propylidene.

Propination (n.) The act of pledging, or drinking first, and then offering the cup to another.

Propine (n.) A pledge.

Propine (n.) A gift; esp., drink money.

Propine (n.) Same as Allylene.

Propinquity (n.) Nearness in place; neighborhood; proximity.

Propinquity (n.) Nearness in time.

Propinquity (n.) Nearness of blood; kindred; affinity.

Propinyl (n.) A hydrocarbon radical regarded as an essential residue of propine and allied compounds.

Propiolate (n.) A salt of propiolic acid.

Propionate (n.) A salt of propionic acid.

Propione (n.) The ketone of propionic acid, obtained as a colorless fragrant liquid.

Propionyl (n.) The hypothetical radical C3H5O, regarded as the essential residue of propionic acid and certain related compounds.

Propithecus (n.) A genus including the long-tailed, or diadem, indris. See Indris.

Propitiation (n.) The act of appeasing the wrath and conciliating the favor of an offended person; the act of making propitious.

Propitiation (n.) That which propitiates; atonement or atoning sacrifice; specifically, the influence or effects of the death of Christ in appeasing the divine justice, and conciliating the divine favor.

Propitiator (n.) One who propitiates or appeases.

Propitiatory (n.) The mercy seat; -- so called because a symbol of the propitiated Jehovah.

Proplasm (n.) A mold; a matrix.

Proplastics (n.) The art of making molds for castings.

Propleg (n.) Same as Proleg.

Propodiale (n.) The bone of either the upper arm or the thing, the propodialia being the humerus and femur.

Propodite (n.) The sixth joint of a typical leg of a crustacean; usually, the penultimate joint.

Propodium (n.) The anterior portion of the foot of a mollusk.

Propodium (n.) The segment which forms the posterior part of the thorax of a hymenopterous insect.

Propolis (n.) Same as Bee glue, under Bee.

Proponent (n.) One who makes a proposal, or lays down a proposition.

Proponent (n.) The propounder of a thing.

Proportion (n.) The relation or adaptation of one portion to another, or to the whole, as respect magnitude, quantity, or degree; comparative relation; ratio; as, the proportion of the parts of a building, or of the body.

Proportion (n.) Harmonic relation between parts, or between different things of the same kind; symmetrical arrangement or adjustment; symmetry; as, to be out of proportion.

Proportion (n.) The portion one receives when a whole is distributed by a rule or principle; equal or proper share; lot.

Proportion (n.) A part considered comparatively; a share.

Proportion (n.) The equality or similarity of ratios, especially of geometrical ratios; or a relation among quantities such that the quotient of the first divided by the second is equal to that of the third divided by the fourth; -- called also geometrical proportion, in distinction from arithmetical proportion, or that in which the difference of the first and second is equal to the difference of the third and fourth.

Proportion (n.) The rule of three, in arithmetic, in which the three given terms, together with the one sought, are proportional.

Proportional (n.) Any number or quantity in a proportion; as, a mean proportional.

Proportional (n.) The combining weight or equivalent of an element.

Proportionality (n.) The state of being in proportion.

Proportionateness (n.) The quality or state of being proportionate.

Proportionment (n.) The act or process of dividing out proportionally.

Proposal (n.) That which is proposed, or propounded for consideration or acceptance; a scheme or design; terms or conditions proposed; offer; as, to make proposals for a treaty of peace; to offer proposals for erecting a building; to make proposals of marriage.

Proposal (n.) The offer by a party of what he has in view as to an intended business transaction, which, with acceptance, constitutes a contract.

Propose (n.) Talk; discourse.

Proposer (n.) One who proposes or offers anything for consideration or adoption.

Proposer (n.) A speaker; an orator.

Proposition (n.) The act of setting or placing before; the act of offering.

Proposition (n.) That which is proposed; that which is offered, as for consideration, acceptance, or adoption; a proposal; as, the enemy made propositions of peace; his proposition was not accepted.

Proposition (n.) A statement of religious doctrine; an article of faith; creed; as, the propositions of Wyclif and Huss.

Proposition (n.) A complete sentence, or part of a sentence consisting of a subject and predicate united by a copula; a thought expressed or propounded in language; a from of speech in which a predicate is affirmed or denied of a subject; as, snow is white.

Proposition (n.) A statement in terms of a truth to be demonstrated, or of an operation to be performed.

Proposition (n.) That which is offered or affirmed as the subject of the discourse; anything stated or affirmed for discussion or illustration.

Proposition (n.) The part of a poem in which the author states the subject or matter of it.

Propounder (n.) One who propounds, proposes, or offers for consideration.

Propretor (n.) A magistrate who, having been pretor at home, was appointed to the government of a province.

Proprietary (n.) A proprietor or owner; one who has exclusive title to a thing; one who possesses, or holds the title to, a thing in his own right.

Proprietary (n.) A body proprietors, taken collectively.

Proprietary (n.) A monk who had reserved goods and effects to himself, notwithstanding his renunciation of all at the time of profession.

Proprietor (n.) One who has the legal right or exclusive title to anything, whether in possession or not; an owner; as, the proprietor of farm or of a mill.

Proprietorship (n.) The state of being proprietor; ownership.

Proprietress (n.) A female proprietor.

Propriety (n.) Individual right to hold property; ownership by personal title; property.

Propriety (n.) That which is proper or peculiar; an inherent property or quality; peculiarity.

Propriety (n.) The quality or state of being proper; suitableness to an acknowledged or correct standard or rule; consonance with established principles, rules, or customs; fitness; appropriateness; as, propriety of behavior, language, manners, etc.

Proproctor (n.) A assistant proctor.

Propterygium (n.) The anterior of three principal cartilages in the fins of some fishes.

Propugnacle (n.) A fortress.

Propugnation (n.) Means of defense; defense.

Propugner (n.) A defender; a vindicator.

Propulsation (n.) The act of driving away or repelling; a keeping at a distance.

Propulsion (n.) The act driving forward or away; the act or process of propelling; as, steam propulsion.

Propulsion (n.) An impelling act or movement.

Propyl (n.) The hypothetical radical C3H7, regarded as the essential residue of propane and related compounds.

Propylaeum (n.) Any court or vestibule before a building or leading into any inclosure.

Propylene (n.) A colorless gaseous hydrocarbon (C3H6) of the ethylene series, having a garlic odor. It occurs in coal gas, and is produced artificially in various ways. Called also propene.

Propylidene (n.) See Propidene.

Propylon (n.) The porch, vestibule, or entrance of an edifice.

Prore (n.) The prow or fore part of a ship.

Prorector (n.) An officer who presides over the academic senate of a German university.

Prorectorate (n.) The office of prorector.

Proreption (n.) A creeping on.

Prorogation (n.) The act of counting in duration; prolongation.

Prorogation (n.) The act of proroguing; the ending of the session of Parliament, and postponing of its business, by the command of the sovereign.

Proruption (n.) The act or state of bursting forth; a bursting out.

Prosaicism (n.) The quality or state of being prosaic; a prosaic manner or style.

Prosaism (n.) That which is in the form of prose writing; a prosaic manner.

Prosaist (n.) A writer of prose; an unpoetical writer.

Proscenium (n.) The part where the actors performed; the stage.

Proscenium (n.) The part of the stage in front of the curtain; sometimes, the curtain and its framework.

Proscolex (n.) An early larval form of a trematode worm; a redia. See Redia.

Proscriber (n.) One who, or that which, proscribes, denounces, or prohibits.

Proscript (n.) A proscription; a prohibition; an interdict.

Proscript (n.) One who is proscribed.

Proscription (n.) The act of proscribing; a dooming to death or exile; outlawry; specifically, among the ancient Romans, the public offer of a reward for the head of a political enemy; as, under the triumvirate, many of the best Roman citizens fell by proscription.

Proscription (n.) The state of being proscribed; denunciation; interdiction; prohibition.

Proscriptionist (n.) One who proscribes.

Prose (n.) The ordinary language of men in speaking or writing; language not cast in poetical measure or rhythm; -- contradistinguished from verse, or metrical composition.

Prose (n.) Hence, language which evinces little imagination or animation; dull and commonplace discourse.

Prose (n.) A hymn with no regular meter, sometimes introduced into the Mass. See Sequence.

Prosector (n.) One who makes dissections for anatomical illustration; usually, the assistant of a professional anatomist.

Prosecution (n.) The act or process of prosecuting, or of endeavoring to gain or accomplish something; pursuit by efforts of body or mind; as, the prosecution of a scheme, plan, design, or undertaking; the prosecution of war.

Prosecution (n.) The institution and carrying on of a suit in a court of law or equity, to obtain some right, or to redress and punish some wrong; the carrying on of a judicial proceeding in behalf of a complaining party, as distinguished from defense.

Prosecution (n.) The institution, or commencement, and continuance of a criminal suit; the process of exhibiting formal charges against an offender before a legal tribunal, and pursuing them to final judgment on behalf of the state or government, as by indictment or information.

Prosecution (n.) The party by whom criminal proceedings are instituted.

Prosecutor (n.) One who prosecutes or carries on any purpose, plan, or business.

Prosecutor (n.) The person who institutes and carries on a criminal suit against another in the name of the government.

Prosecutrix (n.) A female prosecutor.

Proselyte (n.) A new convert especially a convert to some religion or religious sect, or to some particular opinion, system, or party; thus, a Gentile converted to Judaism, or a pagan converted to Christianity, is a proselyte.

Proselytism (n.) The act or practice of proselyting; the making of converts to a religion or a religious sect, or to any opinion, system, or party.

Proselytism (n.) Conversion to a religion, system, or party.

Proselytizer (n.) One who proselytes.

Proseman (n.) A writer of prose.

Proseminary (n.) A seminary which prepares pupils for a higher institution.

Prosemination (n.) Propagation by seed.

Prosencephalon (n.) The anterior segment of the brain, including the cerebrum and olfactory lobes; the forebrain.

Prosencephalon (n.) The cerebrum.

Prosenchyma (n.) A general term applied to the tissues formed of elongated cells, especially those with pointed or oblique extremities, as the principal cells of ordinary wood.

Proser (n.) A writer of prose.

Proser (n.) One who talks or writes tediously.

Prosiliency (n.) The act of leaping forth or forward; projection.

Prosiness (n.) The quality or state of being prosy; tediousness; tiresomeness.

Prosing (n.) Writing prose; speaking or writing in a tedious or prosy manner.

Prosiphon (n.) A minute tube found in the protoconch of ammonites, and not connected with the true siphon.

Proslavery (n.) Advocacy of slavery.

Prosobranch (n.) One of the Prosobranchiata.

Prosocoele (n.) The entire cavity of the prosencephalon.

Prosocoelia (n.) Same as Prosocoele.

Prosodian (n.) A prosodist.

Prosdist (n.) One skilled in prosody.

Prosody (n.) That part of grammar which treats of the quantity of syllables, of accent, and of the laws of versification or metrical composition.

Prosoma (n.) The anterior of the body of an animal, as of a cephalopod; the thorax of an arthropod.

Prosopalgia (n.) Facial neuralgia.

Prosopolepsy (n.) Respect of persons; especially, a premature opinion or prejudice against a person, formed from his external appearance.

Prosopop/ia (n.) A figure by which things are represented as persons, or by which things inanimate are spoken of as animated beings; also, a figure by which an absent person is introduced as speaking, or a deceased person is represented as alive and present. It includes personification, but is more extensive in its signification.

Prospection (n.) The act of looking forward, or of providing for future wants; foresight.

Prospective (n.) Of or pertaining to a prospect; furnishing a prospect; perspective.

Prospective (n.) Looking forward in time; acting with foresight; -- opposed to retrospective.

Prospective (n.) Being within view or consideration, as a future event or contingency; relating to the future: expected; as, a prospective benefit.

Prospective (n.) The scene before or around, in time or in space; view; prospect.

Prospective (n.) A perspective glass.

Prospectiveness (n.) Quality of being prospective.

Prospector (n.) One who prospects; especially, one who explores a region for minerals and precious metals.

Prospectus (n.) A summary, plan, or scheme of something proposed, affording a prospect of its nature; especially, an exposition of the scheme of an unpublished literary work.

Prosperity (n.) The state of being prosperous; advance or gain in anything good or desirable; successful progress in any business or enterprise; attainment of the object desired; good fortune; success; as, commercial prosperity; national prosperity.

Prosphysis (n.) A growing together of parts; specifically, a morbid adhesion of the eyelids to each other or to the eyeball.

Prospicience (n.) The act of looking forward.

Prostate (n.) The prostate gland.

Prostatitis (n.) Inflammation of the prostate.

Prosternation (n.) Dejection; depression.

Prosternum (n.) The ventral plate of the prothorax of an insect.

Prosthesis (n.) The addition to the human body of some artificial part, to replace one that is wanting, as a log or an eye; -- called also prothesis.

Prosthesis (n.) The prefixing of one or more letters to the beginning of a word, as in beloved.

Prostitute (n.) A woman giver to indiscriminate lewdness; a strumpet; a harlot.

Prostitute (n.) A base hireling; a mercenary; one who offers himself to infamous employments for hire.

Prostitution (n.) The act or practice of prostituting or offering the body to an indiscriminate intercourse with men; common lewdness of a woman.

Prostitution (n.) The act of setting one's self to sale, or of devoting to infamous purposes what is in one's power; as, the prostitution of abilities; the prostitution of the press.

Prostitutor (n.) One who prostitutes; one who submits himself, of or offers another, to vile purposes.

Prostomium (n.) That portion of the head of an annelid situated in front of the mouth.

Prostration (n.) The act of prostrating, throwing down, or laying fiat; as, the prostration of the body.

Prostration (n.) The act of falling down, or of bowing in humility or adoration; primarily, the act of falling on the face, but usually applied to kneeling or bowing in reverence and worship.

Prostration (n.) The condition of being prostrate; great depression; lowness; dejection; as, a postration of spirits.

Prostration (n.) A latent, not an exhausted, state of the vital energies; great oppression of natural strength and vigor.

Prostyle (n.) A prostyle portico or building.

Prosylogism (n.) A syllogism preliminary or logically essential to another syllogism; the conclusion of such a syllogism, which becomes a premise of the following syllogism.

Protagon (n.) A nitrogenous phosphorized principle found in brain tissue. By decomposition it yields neurine, fatty acids, and other bodies.

Protagonist (n.) One who takes the leading part in a drama; hence, one who takes lead in some great scene, enterprise, conflict, or the like.

Protamin (n.) An amorphous nitrogenous substance found in the spermatic fluid of salmon. It is soluble in water, which an alka

Protasis (n.) A proposition; a maxim.

Protasis (n.) The introductory or subordinate member of a sentence, generally of a conditional sentence; -- opposed to apodosis. See Apodosis.

Protasis (n.) The first part of a drama, of a poem, or the like; the introduction; opposed to epitasis.

Protection (n.) The act of protecting, or the state of being protected; preservation from loss, injury, or annoyance; defense; shelter; as, the weak need protection.

Protection (n.) That which protects or preserves from injury; a defense; a shield; a refuge.

Protection (n.) A writing that protects or secures from molestation or arrest; a pass; a safe-conduct; a passport.

Protection (n.) A theory, or a policy, of protecting the producers in a country from foreign competition in the home market by the imposition of such discriminating duties on goods of foreign production as will restrict or prevent their importation; -- opposed to free trade.

Protectionism (n.) The doctrine or policy of protectionists. See Protection, 4.

Protectionist (n.) One who favors protection. See Protection, 4.

Protectiveness (n.) The quality or state of being protective.

Protector (n.) One who, or that which, defends or shields from injury, evil, oppression, etc.; a defender; a guardian; a patron.

Protector (n.) One having the care of the kingdom during the king's minority; a regent.

Protector (n.) A cardinal, from one of the more considerable Roman Catholic nations, who looks after the interests of his people at Rome; also, a cardinal who has the same relation to a college, religious order, etc.

Protectorate (n.) Government by a protector; -- applied especially to the government of England by Oliver Cromwell.

Protectorate (n.) The authority assumed by a superior power over an inferior or a dependent one, whereby the former protects the latter from invasion and shares in the management of its affairs.

Protectorship (n.) The office of a protector or regent; protectorate.

Protectress (n.) Alt. of Protectrix

Protectrix (n.) A woman who protects.

Proteid (n.) One of a class of amorphous nitrogenous principles, containing, as a rule, a small amount of sulphur; an albuminoid, as blood fibrin, casein of milk, etc. Proteids are present in nearly all animal fluids and make up the greater part of animal tissues and organs. They are also important constituents of vegetable tissues. See 2d Note under Food.

Protein (n.) A body now known as alkali albumin, but originally considered to be the basis of all albuminous substances, whence its name.

Proteles (n.) A South Africa genus of Carnivora, allied to the hyenas, but smaller and having weaker jaws and teeth. It includes the aard-wolf.

Protense (n.) Extension.

Protension (n.) A drawing out; extension.

Proteolysis (n.) The digestion or dissolving of proteid matter by proteolytic ferments.

Proterandry (n.) The condition of being proterandrous.

Proterosaurus (n.) An extinct genus of reptiles of the Permian period. Called also Protosaurus.

Protervity (n.) Peevishness; petulance.

Protestancy (n.) Protestantism.

Protestantism (n.) The quality or state of being protestant, especially against the Roman Catholic Church; the principles or religion of the Protestants.

Protestation (n.) The act of making a protest; a public avowal; a solemn declaration, especially of dissent.

Protestation (n.) Formerly, a declaration in common-law pleading, by which the party interposes an oblique allegation or denial of some fact, protesting that it does or does not exist, and at the same time avoiding a direct affirmation or denial.

Protestator (n.) One who makes protestation; a protester.

Protester (n.) One who protests; one who utters a solemn declaration.

Protester (n.) One who protests a bill of exchange, or note.

Proteus (n.) A sea god in the service of Neptune who assumed different shapes at will. Hence, one who easily changes his appearance or principles.

Proteus (n.) A genus of aquatic eel-shaped amphibians found in caves in Austria. They have permanent external gills as well as lungs. The eyes are small and the legs are weak.

Proteus (n.) A changeable protozoan; an amoeba.

Prothalamion (n.) Alt. of Prothalamium

Prothalamium (n.) A song in celebration of a marriage.

Prothallium (n.) Same as Prothallus.

Prothallus (n.) The minute primary growth from the spore of ferns and other Pteridophyta, which bears the true sexual organs; the oophoric generation of ferns, etc.

Prothesis (n.) A credence table; -- so called by the Eastern or Greek Church.

Prothesis (n.) See Prosthesis.

Prothonotary (n.) Alt. of Protonotary

Protonotary (n.) A chief notary or clerk.

Protonotary (n.) Formerly, a chief clerk in the Court of King's Bench and in the Court of Common Pleas, now superseded by the master.

Protonotary (n.) A register or chief clerk of a court in certain States of the United States.

Protonotary (n.) Formerly, one who had the charge of writing the acts of the martyrs, and the circumstances of their death; now, one of twelve persons, constituting a college in the Roman Curia, whose office is to register pontifical acts and to make and preserve the official record of beatifications.

Protonotary (n.) The chief secretary of the patriarch of Constantinople.

Prothonotaryship (n.) Office of a prothonotary.

Prothorax (n.) The first or anterior segment of the thorax in insects. See Illusts. of Butterfly and Coleoptera.

Pro thyalosoma (n.) The investing portion, or spherical envelope, surrounding the eccentric germinal spot of the germinal vesicle.

Prothyalosome (n.) Same as Prothyalosoma.

Protist (n.) One of the Protista.

Protiston (n.) One of the Protista.

Protococcus (n.) A genus of minute unicellular algae including the red snow plant (Protococcus nivalis).

Protocol (n.) The original copy of any writing, as of a deed, treaty, dispatch, or other instrument.

Protocol (n.) The minutes, or rough draught, of an instrument or transaction.

Protocol (n.) A preliminary document upon the basis of which negotiations are carried on.

Protocol (n.) A convention not formally ratified.

Protocol (n.) An agreement of diplomatists indicating the results reached by them at a particular stage of a negotiation.

Protocolist (n.) One who draughts protocols.

Protoconch (n.) The embryonic shell, or first chamber, of ammonites and other cephalopods.

Protogine (n.) A kind of granite or gneiss containing a silvery talcose mineral.

Protohippus (n.) A genus of fossil horses from the Lower Pliocene. They had three toes on each foot, the lateral ones being small.

Protomartyr (n.) The first martyr; the first who suffers, or is sacrificed, in any cause; -- applied esp. to Stephen, the first Christian martyr.

Protomerite (n.) The second segment of one of the Gregarinae.

Protonema (n.) The primary growth from the spore of a moss, usually consisting of branching confervoid filaments, on any part of which stem and leaf buds may be developed.

Protonotary (n.) Same as Prothonotary.

Protoorganism (n.) An organism whose nature is so difficult to determine that it might be referred to either the animal or the vegetable kingdom.

Protopapas (n.) A protopope.

Protophyte (n.) Any unicellular plant, or plant forming only a plasmodium, having reproduction only by fission, gemmation, or cell division.

Protophytology (n.) Paleobotany.

Protopine (n.) An alkaloid found in opium in small quantities, and extracted as a white crystal

Protoplasm (n.) The viscid and more or less granular material of vegetable and animal cells, possessed of vital properties by which the processes of nutrition, secretion, and growth go forward; the so-called " physical basis of life;" the original cell substance, cytoplasm, cytoblastema, bioplasm sarcode, etc.

Protoplast (n.) The thing first formed; that of which there are subsequent copies or reproductions; the original.

Protoplast (n.) A first-formed organized body; the first individual, or pair of individuals, of a species.

Protopodite (n.) The basal portion, or two proximal and more or less consolidated segments, of an appendage of a crustacean.

Protopope (n.) One of the clergy of first rank in the lower order of secular clergy; an archpriest; -- called also protopapas.

Protopterus (n.) See Komtok.

Protosalt (n.) A salt derived from a protoxide base.

Protosilicate (n.) A silicate formed with the lowest proportion of silicic acid, or having but one atom of silicon in the molecule.

Protosomite (n.) One of the primitive segments, or metameres, of an animal.

Protosulphide (n.) That one of a series of sulphides of any element which has the lowest proportion of sulphur; a sulphide with but one atom of sulphur in the molecule.

Protosulphuret (n.) A protosulphide.

Prototype (n.) An original or model after which anything is copied; the pattern of anything to be engraved, or otherwise copied, cast, or the like; a primary form; exemplar; archetype.

Protovertebra (n.) One of the primitive masses, or segments, into which the mesoblast of the vertebrate embryo breaks up on either side of the anterior part of the notochord; a mesoblastic, or protovertebral, somite. See Illust. of Ectoderm.

Protoxide (n.) That one of a series of oxides having the lowest proportion of oxygen. See Proto-, 2 (b).

Protozoan (n.) One of the Protozoa.

Protozoon (n.) One of the Protozoa.

Protozoon (n.) A single zooid of a compound protozoan.

Protozoonite (n.) One of the primary, or first-formed, segments of an embryonic arthropod.

Protract (n.) Tedious continuance or delay.

Protracter (n.) A protractor.

Protraction (n.) A drawing out, or continuing; the act of delaying the termination of a thing; prolongation; continuance; delay; as, the protraction of a debate.

Protraction (n.) The act or process of making a plot on paper.

Protraction (n.) A plot on paper.

Protractor (n.) One who, or that which, protracts, or causes protraction.

Protractor (n.) A mathematical instrument for laying down and measuring angles on paper, used in drawing or in plotting. It is of various forms, semicircular, rectangular, or circular.

Protractor (n.) An instrument formerly used in extracting foreign or offensive matter from a wound.

Protractor (n.) A muscle which extends an organ or part; -- opposed to retractor.

Protractor (n.) An adjustable pattern used by tailors.

Protrusion (n.) The act of protruding or thrusting forward, or beyond the usual limit.

Protrusion (n.) The state of being protruded, or thrust forward.

Protuberance (n.) That which is protuberant swelled or pushed beyond the surrounding or adjacent surface; a swelling or tumor on the body; a prominence; a bunch or knob; an elevation.

Protuberancy (n.) The quality or state of being protuberant; protuberance; prominence.

Protuberation (n.) The act of swelling beyond the surrounding surface.

Protureter (n.) The duct of a pronephros.

Protyle (n.) The hypothetical homogeneous cosmic material of the original universe, supposed to have been differentiated into what are recognized as distinct chemical elements.

Proudling (n.) A proud or haughty person.

Proudness (n.) The quality of being proud; pride.

Proustite (n.) A sulphide of arsenic and silver of a beautiful cochineal-red color, occurring in rhombohedral crystals, and also massive; ruby silver.

Provand (n.) Alt. of Proant

Proant (n.) Provender or food.

Provection (n.) A carrying forward, as of a final letter, to a following word; as, for example, a nickname for an ekename.

Proveditor (n.) One employed to procure supplies, as for an army, a steamer, etc.; a purveyor; one who provides for another.

Provedore (n.) A proveditor; a purveyor.

Proven/al (n.) A native or inhabitant of Provence in France.

Proven/al (n.) The Provencal language. See Langue d'oc.

Provend (n.) See Provand.

Provender (n.) Dry food for domestic animals, as hay, straw, corn, oats, or a mixture of ground grain; feed.

Provender (n.) Food or provisions.

Provent (n.) See Provand.

Proventricle (n.) Proventriculus.

Proventriulus (n.) The glandular stomach of birds, situated just above the crop.

Prover (n.) One who, or that which, proves.

Proverb (n.) An old and common saying; a phrase which is often repeated; especially, a sentence which briefly and forcibly expresses some practical truth, or the result of experience and observation; a maxim; a saw; an adage.

Proverb (n.) A striking or paradoxical assertion; an obscure saying; an enigma; a parable.

Proverb (n.) A familiar illustration; a subject of contemptuous reference.

Proverb (n.) A drama exemplifying a proverb.

Proverbialism (n.) A proverbial phrase.

Proverbialist (n.) One who makes much use of proverbs in speech or writing; one who composes, collects, or studies proverbs.

Provexity (n.) Great advance in age.

Providence (n.) The act of providing or preparing for future use or application; a making ready; preparation.

Providence (n.) Foresight; care; especially, the foresight and care which God manifests for his creatures; hence, God himself, regarded as exercising a constant wise prescience.

Providence (n.) A manifestation of the care and superintendence which God exercises over his creatures; an event ordained by divine direction.

Providence (n.) Prudence in the management of one's concerns; economy; frugality.

Providentness (n.) The quality or state of being provident; carefulness; prudence; economy.

Provider (n.) One who provides, furnishes, or supplies; one who procures what is wanted.

Providore (n.) One who makes provision; a purveyor.

Province (n.) A country or region, more or less remote from the city of Rome, brought under the Roman government; a conquered country beyond the limits of Italy.

Province (n.) A country or region dependent on a distant authority; a portion of an empire or state, esp. one remote from the capital.

Province (n.) A region of country; a tract; a district.

Province (n.) A region under the supervision or direction of any special person; the district or division of a country, especially an ecclesiastical division, over which one has jurisdiction; as, the province of Canterbury, or that in which the archbishop of Canterbury exercises ecclesiastical authority.

Province (n.) The proper or appropriate business or duty of a person or body; office; charge; jurisdiction; sphere.

Province (n.) Specif.: Any political division of the Dominion of Canada, having a governor, a local legislature, and representation in the Dominion parliament. Hence, colloquially, The Provinces, the Dominion of Canada.

Provincial (n.) A person belonging to a province; one who is provincial.

Provincial (n.) A monastic superior, who, under the general of his order, has the direction of all the religious houses of the same fraternity in a given district, called a province of the order.

Provincialism (n.) A word, or a manner of speaking, peculiar to a province or a district remote from the mother country or from the metropolis; a provincial characteristic; hence, narrowness; illiberality.

Provincialist (n.) One who lives in a province; a provincial.

Provinciality (n.) The quality or state of being provincial; peculiarity of language characteristic of a province.

Provision (n.) The act of providing, or making previous preparation.

Provision (n.) That which is provided or prepared; that which is brought together or arranged in advance; measures taken beforehand; preparation.

Provision (n.) Especially, a stock of food; any kind of eatables collected or stored; -- often in the plural.

Provision (n.) That which is stipulated in advance; a condition; a previous agreement; a proviso; as, the provisions of a contract; the statute has many provisions.

Provision (n.) A canonical term for regular induction into a benefice, comprehending nomination, collation, and installation.

Provision (n.) A nomination by the pope to a benefice before it became vacant, depriving the patron of his right of presentation.

Proviso (n.) An article or clause in any statute, agreement, contract, grant, or other writing, by which a condition is introduced, usually beginning with the word provided; a conditional stipulation that affects an agreement, contract, law, grant, or the like; as, the contract was impaired by its proviso.

Provisor (n.) One who provides; a purveyor.

Provisor (n.) The purveyor, steward, or treasurer of a religious house.

Provisor (n.) One who is regularly inducted into a benefice. See Provision, 5.

Provisor (n.) One who procures or receives a papal provision. See Provision, 6.

Provisorship (n.) The office or position of a provisor.

Provocation (n.) The act of provoking, or causing vexation or, anger.

Provocation (n.) That which provokes, or excites anger; the cause of resentment; as, to give provocation.

Provocation (n.) Incitement; stimulus; as, provocation to mirth.

Provocation (n.) Such prior insult or injury as may be supposed, under the circumstances, to create hot blood, and to excuse an assault made in retort or redress.

Provocation (n.) An appeal to a court. [A Latinism]

Provocative (n.) Anything that is provocative; a stimulant; as, a provocative of appetite.

Provocativeness (n.) Quality of being provocative.

Provokement (n.) The act that which, provokes; one who excites anger or other passion, or incites to action; as, a provoker of sedition.

Provost (n.) A person who is appointed to superintend, or preside over, something; the chief magistrate in some cities and towns; as, the provost of Edinburgh or of Glasgow, answering to the mayor of other cities; the provost of a college, answering to president; the provost or head of certain collegiate churches.

Provost (n.) The keeper of a prison.

Provostship (n.) The office of a provost.

Prow (n.) The fore part of a vessel; the bow; the stem; hence, the vessel itself.

Prow (n.) See Proa.

Prowl (n.) The act of prowling.

Prowler (n.) One that prowls.

Prox (n.) "The ticket or list of candidates at elections, presented to the people for their votes."

Proxene (n.) An officer who had the charge of showing hospitality to those who came from a friendly city or state.

Proxenet (n.) A negotiator; a factor.

Proximity (n.) The quality or state of being next in time, place, causation, influence, etc.; immediate nearness, either in place, blood, or alliance.

Proxy (n.) The agency for another who acts through the agent; authority to act for another, esp. to vote in a legislative or corporate capacity.

Proxy (n.) The person who is substituted or deputed to act or vote for another.

Proxy (n.) A writing by which one person authorizes another to vote in his stead, as in a corporation meeting.

Proxy (n.) The written appointment of a proctor in suits in the ecclesiastical courts.

Proxy (n.) See Procuration.

Proxyship (n.) The office or agency of a proxy.

Pruce (n.) Prussian leather.

Prudence (n.) The quality or state of being prudent; wisdom in the way of caution and provision; discretion; carefulness; hence, also, economy; frugality.

Prudency (n.) Prudence.

Prudential (n.) That which relates to or demands the exercise of, discretion or prudence; -- usually in the pl.

Prudentialist (n.) One who is governed by, or acts from, prudential motives.

Prudentiality (n.) The quality or state of being prudential.

Prudery (n.) The quality or state of being prudish; excessive or affected scrupulousness in speech or conduct; stiffness; coyness.

Prudhomme (n.) A trustworthy citizen; a skilled workman. See Citation under 3d Commune, 1.

Prune (n.) A plum; esp., a dried plum, used in cookery; as, French or Turkish prunes; California prunes.

Prunella (n.) Angina, or angina pectoris.

Prunella (n.) Thrush.

Prunella (n.) Alt. of Prunello

Prunello (n.) A smooth woolen stuff, generally black, used for making shoes; a kind of lasting; -- formerly used also for clergymen's gowns.

Prunelle (n.) A kind of small and very acid French plum; -- applied especially to the stoned and dried fruit.

Prunello (n.) A species of dried plum; prunelle.

Pruner (n.) One who prunes, or removes, what is superfluous.

Pruner (n.) Any one of several species of beetles whose larvae gnaw the branches of trees so as to cause them to fall, especially the American oak pruner (Asemum moestum), whose larva eats the pith of oak branches, and when mature gnaws a circular furrow on the inside nearly to the bark. When the branches fall each contains a pupa.

Pruning (n.) The act of trimming, or removing what is superfluous.

Pruning (n.) That which is cast off by bird in pruning her feathers; leavings.

Prunus (n.) A genus of trees with perigynous rosaceous flowers, and a single two-ovuled carpel which usually becomes a drupe in ripening.

Prurience (n.) Alt. of Pruriency

Pruriency (n.) The quality or state of being prurient.

Prurigo (n.) A papular disease of the skin, of which intense itching is the chief symptom, the eruption scarcely differing from the healthy cuticle in color.

Pruritus (n.) Itching.

Prussian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Prussia.

Prussiate (n.) A salt of prussic acid; a cyanide.

Pry (n.) A lever; also, leverage.

Pry (n.) Curious inspection; impertinent peeping.

Pryan (n.) See Prian.

Prytaneum (n.) A public building in certain Greek cities; especially, a public hall in Athens regarded as the home of the community, in which official hospitality was extended to distinguished citizens and strangers.

Prytanis (n.) A member of one of the ten sections into which the Athenian senate of five hundred was divided, and to each of which belonged the presidency of the senate for about one tenth of the year.

Prytany (n.) The period during which the presidency of the senate belonged to the prytanes of the section.

Psalm (n.) A sacred song; a poetical composition for use in the praise or worship of God.

Psalm (n.) Especially, one of the hymns by David and others, collected into one book of the Old Testament, or a modern metrical version of such a hymn for public worship.

Psalmist (n.) A writer or composer of sacred songs; -- a title particularly applied to David and the other authors of the Scriptural psalms.

Psalmist (n.) A clerk, precentor, singer, or leader of music, in the church.

Psalmistry (n.) The use of psalms in devotion; psalmody.

Psalmodist (n.) One who sings sacred songs; a psalmist.

Psalmody (n.) The act, practice, or art of singing psalms or sacred songs; also, psalms collectively, or a collection of psalms.

Psalmograph (n.) A writer of psalms; a psalmographer.

Psalmographer (n.) Alt. of Psalmographist

Psalmographist (n.) A writer of psalms, or sacred songs and hymns.

Psalmography (n.) The act or practice of writing psalms, or sacred songs.

Psalter (n.) The Book of Psalms; -- often applied to a book containing the Psalms separately printed.

Psalter (n.) Specifically, the Book of Psalms as printed in the Book of Common Prayer; among the Roman Catholics, the part of the Breviary which contains the Psalms arranged for each day of the week.

Psalter (n.) A rosary, consisting of a hundred and fifty beads, corresponding to the number of the psalms.

Psalterium (n.) The third stomach of ruminants. See Manyplies.

Psalterium (n.) The lyra of the brain.

Psaltery (n.) A stringed instrument of music used by the Hebrews, the form of which is not known.

Psammite (n.) A species of micaceous sandstone.

Psarolite (n.) A silicified stem of tree fern, found in abundance in the Triassic sandstone.

Psellism (n.) Indistinct pronunciation; stammering.

Psephism (n.) A proposition adopted by a majority of votes; especially, one adopted by vote of the Athenian people; a statute.

Pseudaesthesia (n.) False or imaginary feeling or sense perception such as occurs in hypochondriasis, or such as is referred to an organ that has been removed, as an amputated foot.

Pseudembryo (n.) A false embryo.

Pseudembryo (n.) An asexual form from which the true embryo is produced by budding.

Pseudepigraphy (n.) The ascription of false names of authors to works.

Pseudoblepsis (n.) False or depraved sight; imaginary vision of objects.

Pseudobranch (n.) Same as Pseudobranchia.

Pseudobranchia (n.) A rudimentary branchia, or gill.

Pseudo-bulb (n.) An aerial corm, or thickened stem, as of some epiphytic orchidaceous plants.

Pseudocarp (n.) That portion of an anthocarpous fruit which is not derived from the ovary, as the soft part of a strawberry or of a fig.

Pseudo-china (n.) The false china root, a plant of the genus Smilax (S. Pseudo-china), found in America.

Pseudocoele (n.) Same as Pseudocoelia.

Pseudocoelia (n.) The fifth ventricle in the mammalian brain. See Ventricle.

Pseudo-cone (n.) One of the soft gelatinous cones found in the compound eyes of certain insects, taking the place of the crystal

Pseudo-cumene (n.) A hydrocarbon of the aromatic series, metameric with mesitylene and cumene, found in coal tar, and obtained as a colorless liquid.

Pseudo-dipteral (n.) A pseudo-dipteral temple.

Pseudodox (n.) A false opinion or doctrine.

Pseudofilaria (n.) One of the two elongated vibratile young formed by fission of the embryo during the development of certain Gregarinae.

Pseudo-galena (n.) False galena, or blende. See Blende (a).

Pseudograph (n.) A false writing; a spurious document; a forgery.

Pseudography (n.) False writing; forgery.

Pseudohalter (n.) One of the rudimentary front wings of certain insects (Stylops). They resemble the halteres, or rudimentary hind wings, of Diptera.

Pseudo-heart (n.) Any contractile vessel of invertebrates which is not of the nature of a real heart, especially one of those pertaining to the excretory system.

Pseudologist (n.) One who utters falsehoods; a liar.

Pseudology (n.) Falsehood of speech.

Pseudomorph (n.) An irregular or deceptive form.

Pseudomorph (n.) A pseudomorphous crystal, as a crystal consisting of quartz, but having the cubic form of fluor spar, the fluor crystal having been changed to quartz by a process of substitution.

Pseudomorphism (n.) The state of having, or the property of taking, a crystal

Pseudonavicella (n.) Same as Pseudonavicula.

Pseudonavicula (n.) One of the minute spindle-shaped embryos of Gregarinae and some other Protozoa.

Pseudonym (n.) A fictitious name assumed for the time, as by an author; a pen name.

Pseudonumity (n.) The using of fictitious names, as by authors.

Pseuso-peripteral (n.) A pseudo-peripteral temple.

Pseudopod (n.) Any protoplasmic filament or irregular process projecting from any unicellular organism, or from any animal or plant call.

Pseudopod (n.) A rhizopod.

Pseudopodium (n.) Same as Pseudopod.

Pseudopupa (n.) A stage intermediate between the larva and pupa of bees and certain other hymenopterous insects.

Pseudorhabdite (n.) One of the peculiar rodlike corpuscles found in the integument of certain Turbellaria. They are filled with a soft granular substance.

Pseudoscope (n.) An instrument which exhibits objects with their proper relief reversed; -- an effect opposite to that produced by the stereoscope.

Pseudosphere (n.) The surface of constant negative curvature generated by the revolution of a tractrix. This surface corresponds in non-Euclidian space to the sphere in ordinary space. An important property of the surface is that any figure drawn upon it can be displaced in any way without tearing it or altering in size any of its elements.

Pseudospore (n.) A peculiar reproductive cell found in some fungi.

Pseudostella (n.) Any starlike meteor or phenomenon.

Pseudostoma (n.) A group of cells resembling a stoma, but without any true aperture among them.

Pseudo-symmetry (n.) A kind of symmetry characteristic of certain crystals which from twinning, or other causes, come to resemble forms of a system other than that to which they belong, as the apparently hexagonal prisms of aragonite.

Pseudotinea (n.) The bee moth, or wax moth (Galleria).

Pseudovary (n.) The organ in which pseudova are produced; -- called also pseudovarium.

Pseudovum (n.) An egglike germ produced by the agamic females of some insects and other animals, and by the larvae of certain insects. It is capable of development without fertilization. See Illust. of Paedogenesis.

Psilanthropism (n.) Psilanthropy.

Psilanthropist (n.) One who believes that Christ was a mere man.

Psilanthropy (n.) The doctrine of the merely human existence of Christ.

Psilology (n.) Love of empty of empty talk or noise.

Psilomelane (n.) A hydrous oxide of manganese, occurring in smooth, botryoidal forms, and massive, and having an iron-black or steel-gray color.

Psilosopher (n.) A superficial or narrow pretender to philosophy; a sham philosopher.

Psittacid (n.) One of the Psittaci.

Psitta-co-fulvine (n.) A yellow pigment found in the feathers of certain parrots.

Psoas (n.) An internal muscle arising from the lumbar vertebrae and inserted into the femur. In man there are usually two on each side, and the larger one, or great psoas, forms a part of the iliopsoas.

Psora (n.) A cutaneous disease; especially, the itch.

Psoriasis (n.) The state of being affected with psora.

Psoriasis (n.) A cutaneous disease, characterized by imbricated silvery scales, affecting only the superficial layers of the skin.

Psorosperm (n.) A minute parasite, usually the young of Gregarinae, in the pseudonavicula stage.

Psychagogue (n.) A necromancer.

Psyche (n.) A lovely maiden, daughter of a king and mistress of Eros, or Cupid. She is regarded as the personification of the soul.

Psyche (n.) The soul; the vital principle; the mind.

Psyche (n.) A cheval glass.

Psychian (n.) Any small moth of the genus Psyche and allied genera (family Psychidae). The larvae are called basket worms. See Basket worm, under Basket.

Psychiatria (n.) Alt. of Psychiatry

Psychiatry (n.) The application of the healing art to mental diseases.

Psychics (n.) Psychology.

Psychism (n.) The doctrine of Quesne, that there is a fluid universally diffused, end equally animating all living beings, the difference in their actions being due to the difference of the individual organizations.

Psychogenesis (n.) Genesis through an internal force, as opposed to natural selection.

Psychography (n.) A description of the phenomena of mind.

Psychography (n.) Spirit writing.

Psychologist (n.) One who is versed in, devoted to, psychology.

Psychologue (n.) A psychologist.

Psychology (n.) The science of the human soul; specifically, the systematic or scientific knowledge of the powers and functions of the human soul, so far as they are known by consciousness; a treatise on the human soul.

Psychomachy (n.) A conflict of the soul with the body.

Psychomancy (n.) Necromancy.

Psychometry (n.) The art of measuring the duration of mental processes, or of determining the time relations of mental phenomena.

Psychopannychism (n.) The doctrine that the soul falls asleep at death, and does not wake until the resurrection of the body.

Psychopathy (n.) Mental disease. See Psychosis, 2.

Psychophysics (n.) The science of the connection between nerve action and consciousness; the science which treats of the relations of the psychical and physical in their conjoint operation in man; the doctrine of the relation of function or dependence between body and soul.

Psychopomp (n.) A leader or guide of souls .

Psychosis (n.) Any vital action or activity.

Psychosis (n.) A disease of the mind; especially, a functional mental disorder, that is, one unattended with evident organic changes.

Psychrometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the tension of the aqueous vapor in the atmosphere, being essentially a wet and dry bulb hygrometer.

Psychrometry (n.) Hygrometry.

Psylla (n.) Any leaping plant louse of the genus Psylla, or family Psyllidae.

Ptarmigan (n.) Any grouse of the genus Lagopus, of which numerous species are known. The feet are completely feathered. Most of the species are brown in summer, but turn white, or nearly white, in winter.

Pteranodon (n.) A genus of American Cretaceous pterodactyls destitute of teeth. Several species are known, some of which had an expanse of wings of twenty feet or more.

Pterichthys (n.) A genus of Devonian fossil fishes with winglike appendages. The head and most of the body were covered with large bony plates. See Placodermi.

Pteridologist (n.) One who is versed in pteridology.

Pteridology (n.) That department of botany which treats of ferns.

Pteridomania (n.) A madness, craze, or strong fancy, for ferns.

Pteroceras (n.) A genus of large marine gastropods having the outer border of the lip divided into lobes; -- called also scorpion shell.

Pterodactyl (n.) An extinct flying reptile; one of the Pterosauria. See Illustration in Appendix.

Pteron (n.) The region of the skull, in the temporal fossa back of the orbit, where the great wing of the sphenoid, the temporal, the parietal, and the frontal hones approach each other.

Pterophore (n.) Any moth of the genus Pterophorus and allied genera; a plume moth. See Plume moth, under Plume.

Pteropod (n.) One of the Pteropoda.

Pterosaur (n.) A pterodactyl.

Pterostigma (n.) A thickened opaque spot on the wings of certain insects.

Pterotic (n.) The pterotic bone.

Pterygium (n.) A superficial growth of vascular tissue radiating in a fanlike manner from the cornea over the surface of the eye.

Pterygoid (n.) A pterygoid bone.

Pterygopodium (n.) A specially modified part of the ventral fin in male elasmobranchs, which serves as a copulatory organ, or clasper.

Pteryla (n.) One of the definite areas of the skin of a bird on which feathers grow; -- contrasted with apteria.

Pterylography (n.) The study or description of the arrangement of feathers, or of the pterylae, of birds.

Pterylosis (n.) The arrangement of feathers in definite areas.

Ptilocerque (n.) The pentail.

Ptilosis (n.) Same as Pterylosis.

Ptisan (n.) A decoction of barley with other ingredients; a farinaceous drink.

Ptisan (n.) An aqueous medicine, containing little, if any, medicinal agent; a tea or tisane.

Ptolemaist (n.) One who accepts the astronomical system of Ptolemy.

Ptomaine (n.) One of a class of animal bases or alkaloids formed in the putrefaction of various kinds of albuminous matter, and closely related to the vegetable alkaloids; a cadaveric poison. The ptomaines, as a class, have their origin in dead matter, by which they are to be distinguished from the leucomaines.

Ptosis (n.) Drooping of the upper eyelid, produced by paralysis of its levator muscle.

Ptyalin (n.) An unorganized amylolytic ferment, on enzyme, present in human mixed saliva and in the saliva of some animals.

Ptyalism (n.) Salivation, or an excessive flow of saliva.

Ptyalogogue (n.) A ptysmagogue.

Ptysmagogue (n.) A medicine that promotes the discharge of saliva.

Ptyxis (n.) The way in which a leaf is sometimes folded in the bud.

Puberty (n.) The earliest age at which persons are capable of begetting or bearing children, usually considered, in temperate climates, to be about fourteen years in males and twelve in females.

Puberty (n.) The period when a plant first bears flowers.

Pubes (n.) The hair which appears upon the lower part of the hypogastric region at the age of puberty.

Pubes (n.) Hence (as more commonly used), the lower part of the hypogastric region; the pubic region.

Pubes (n.) The down of plants; a downy or villous substance which grows on plants; pubescence.

Pubescence (n.) The quality or state of being pubescent, or of having arrived at puberty.

Pubescence (n.) A covering of soft short hairs, or down, as one some plants and insects; also, the state of being so covered.

Pubescency (n.) Pubescence.

Pubis (n.) The ventral and anterior of the three principal bones composing either half of the pelvis; sharebone; pubic bone.

Public (n.) The general body of mankind, or of a nation, state, or community; the people, indefinitely; as, the American public; also, a particular body or aggregation of people; as, an author's public.

Public (n.) A public house; an inn.

Publican (n.) A farmer of the taxes and public revenues; hence, a collector of toll or tribute. The inferior officers of this class were often oppressive in their exactions, and were regarded with great detestation.

Publican (n.) The keeper of an inn or public house; one licensed to retail beer, spirits, or wine.

Publication (n.) The act of publishing or making known; notification to the people at large, either by words, writing, or printing; proclamation; divulgation; promulgation; as, the publication of the law at Mount Sinai; the publication of the gospel; the publication of statutes or edicts.

Publication (n.) The act of offering a book, pamphlet, engraving, etc., to the public by sale or by gratuitous distribution.

Publication (n.) That which is published or made known; especially, any book, pamphlet, etc., offered for sale or to public notice; as, a daily or monthly publication.

Publication (n.) An act done in public.

Publicist (n.) A writer on the laws of nature and nations; one who is versed in the science of public right, the principles of government, etc.

Publicity (n.) The quality or state of being public, or open to the knowledge of a community; notoriety; publicness.

Publicness (n.) The quality or state of being public, or open to the view or notice of people at large; publicity; notoriety; as, the publicness of a sale.

Publicness (n.) The quality or state of belonging to the community; as, the publicness of property.

Publisher (n.) One who publishes; as, a publisher of a book or magazine.

Publishment (n.) The act or process of making publicly known; publication.

Publishment (n.) A public notice of intended marriage, required by the laws of some States.

Puccoon (n.) Any one of several plants yielding a red pigment which is used by the North American Indians, as the bloodroot and two species of Lithospermum (L. hirtum, and L. canescens); also, the pigment itself.

Pucel (n.) See Pucelle.

Pucelage (n.) Virginity.

Pucelle (n.) A maid; a virgin.

Puceron (n.) Any plant louse, or aphis.

Pucherite (n.) Vanadate of bismuth, occurring in minute reddish brown crystals.

Puck (n.) A celebrated fairy, "the merry wanderer of the night;" -- called also Robin Goodfellow, Friar Rush, Pug, etc.

Puck (n.) The goatsucker.

Puckball (n.) A puffball.

Pucker (n.) A fold; a wrinkle; a collection of folds.

Pucker (n.) A state of perplexity or anxiety; confusion; bother; agitation.

Puckerer (n.) One who, or that which, puckers.

Puckfist (n.) A puffball.

Pucras (n.) See Koklass.

Pud (n.) Same as Pood.

Pud (n.) The hand; the first.

Puddening (n.) A quantity of rope-yarn, or the like, placed, as a fender, on the bow of a boat.

Puddening (n.) A bunch of soft material to prevent chafing between spars, or the like.

Pudder (n.) A pother; a tumult; a confused noise; turmoil; bustle.

Pudding (n.) A species of food of a soft or moderately hard consistence, variously made, but often a compound of flour or meal, with milk and eggs, etc.

Pudding (n.) Anything resembling, or of the softness and consistency of, pudding.

Pudding (n.) An intestine; especially, an intestine stuffed with meat, etc.; a sausage.

Pudding (n.) Any food or victuals.

Pudding (n.) Same as Puddening.

Puddle (n.) A small quantity of dirty standing water; a muddy plash; a small pool.

Puddle (n.) Clay, or a mixture of clay and sand, kneaded or worked, when wet, to render it impervious to water.

Puddle-ball (n.) The lump of pasty wrought iron as taken from the puddling furnace to be hammered or rolled.

Puddle-bar (n.) An iron bar made at a single heat from a puddle-ball hammering and rolling.

Puddler (n.) One who converts cast iron into wrought iron by the process of puddling.

Puddling (n.) The process of working clay, loam, pulverized ore, etc., with water, to render it compact, or impervious to liquids; also, the process of rendering anything impervious to liquids by means of puddled material.

Puddling (n.) Puddle. See Puddle, n., 2.

Puddling (n.) The art or process of converting cast iron into wrought iron or steel by subjecting it to intense heat and frequent stirring in a reverberatory furnace in the presence of oxidizing substances, by which it is freed from a portion of its carbon and other impurities.

Puddock (n.) A small inclosure.

Pudency (n.) Modesty; shamefacedness.

Pudendum (n.) The external organs of generation, especially of the female; the vulva.

Pudicity (n.) Modesty; chastity.

Pudu (n.) A very small deer (Pudua humilis), native of the Chilian Andes. It has simple spikelike antlers, only two or three inches long.

Pueblo (n.) A communistic building erected by certain Indian tribes of Arizona and New Mexico. It is often of large size and several stories high, and is usually built either of stone or adobe. The term is also applied to any Indian village in the same region.

Puefellow (n.) A pewfellow.

Puer (n.) The dung of dogs, used as an alka

Puerco (n.) A hog.

Puerileness (n.) The quality of being puerile; puerility.

Puerility (n.) The quality of being puerile; childishness; puerileness.

Puerility (n.) That which is puerile or childish; especially, an expression which is flat, insipid, or silly.

Puet (n.) The pewit.

Puff (n.) A sudden and single emission of breath from the mouth; hence, any sudden or short blast of wind; a slight gust; a whiff.

Puff (n.) Anything light and filled with air.

Puff (n.) A puffball.

Puff (n.) a kind of light pastry.

Puff (n.) A utensil of the toilet for dusting the skin or hair with powder.

Puff (n.) An exaggerated or empty expression of praise, especially one in a public journal.

Puff (n.) To blow in puffs, or with short and sudden whiffs.

Puff (n.) To blow, as an expression of scorn; -- with at.

Puff (n.) To breathe quick and hard, or with puffs, as after violent exertion.

Puff (n.) To swell with air; to be dilated or inflated.

Puff (n.) To breathe in a swelling, inflated, or pompous manner; hence, to assume importance.

Puffball (n.) A kind of ball-shaped fungus (Lycoperdon giganteum, and other species of the same genus) full of dustlike spores when ripe; -- called also bullfist, bullfice, puckfist, puff, and puffin.

Puffer (n.) One who puffs; one who praises with noisy or extravagant commendation.

Puffer (n.) One who is employed by the owner or seller of goods sold at suction to bid up the price; a by-bidder.

Puffer (n.) Any plectognath fish which inflates its body, as the species of Tetrodon and Diodon; -- called also blower, puff-fish, swellfish, and globefish.

Puffer (n.) The common, or harbor, porpoise.

Puffer (n.) A kier.

Puffery (n.) The act of puffing; bestowment of extravagant commendation.

Puffin (n.) An arctic sea bird Fratercula arctica) allied to the auks, and having a short, thick, swollen beak, whence the name; -- called also bottle nose, cockandy, coulterneb, marrot, mormon, pope, and sea parrot.

Puffin (n.) The puffball.

Puffin (n.) A sort of apple.

Puffiness (n.) The quality or state of being puffy.

Puff-leg (n.) Any one of numerous species of beautiful humming birds of the genus Eriocnemis having large tufts of downy feathers on the legs.

Pug (n.) Tempered clay; clay moistened and worked so as to be plastic.

Pug (n.) A pug mill.

Pug (n.) An elf, or a hobgoblin; also same as Puck.

Pug (n.) A name for a monkey.

Pug (n.) A name for a fox.

Pug (n.) An intimate; a crony; a dear one.

Pug (n.) Chaff; the refuse of grain.

Pug (n.) A prostitute.

Pug (n.) One of a small breed of pet dogs having a short nose and head; a pug dog.

Pug (n.) Any geometrid moth of the genus Eupithecia.

Pugil (n.) As much as is taken up between the thumb and two first fingers.

Pugilism (n.) The practice of boxing, or fighting with the fist.

Pugilist (n.) One who fights with his fists; esp., a professional prize fighter; a boxer.

Pugnacity (n.) Inclination or readiness to fight; quarrelsomeness.

Puisne (n.) One who is younger, or of inferior rank; a junior; esp., a judge of inferior rank.

Puissance (n.) Power; strength; might; force; potency.

Puissantness (n.) The state or quality of being puissant; puissance; power.

Puit (n.) A well; a small stream; a fountain; a spring.

Puke (n.) A medicine that causes vomiting; an emetic; a vomit.

Puker (n.) One who pukes, vomits.

Puker (n.) That which causes vomiting.

Pulas (n.) The East Indian leguminous tree Butea frondosa. See Gum Butea, under Gum.

Pulchritude (n.) That quality of appearance which pleases the eye; beauty; come

Pulchritude (n.) Attractive moral excellence; moral beauty.

Puler (n.) One who pules; one who whines or complains; a weak person.

Pulex (n.) A genus of parasitic insects including the fleas. See Flea.

Puling (n.) A cry, as of a chicken,; a whining or whimpering.

Pulkha (n.) A Laplander's traveling sledge. See Sledge.

Pull (n.) The act of pulling or drawing with force; an effort to move something by drawing toward one.

Pull (n.) A contest; a struggle; as, a wrestling pull.

Pull (n.) A pluck; loss or violence suffered.

Pull (n.) A knob, handle, or lever, etc., by which anything is pulled; as, a drawer pull; a bell pull.

Pull (n.) The act of rowing; as, a pull on the river.

Pull (n.) The act of drinking; as, to take a pull at the beer, or the mug.

Pull (n.) Something in one's favor in a comparison or a contest; an advantage; means of influencing; as, in weights the favorite had the pull.

Pull (n.) A kind of stroke by which a leg ball is sent to the off side, or an off ball to the side.

Pullail (n.) Poultry.

Pullback (n.) That which holds back, or causes to recede; a drawback; a hindrance.

Pullback (n.) The iron hook fixed to a casement to pull it shut, or to hold it party open at a fixed point.

Pullen (n.) Poultry.

Puller (n.) One who, or that which, pulls.

Pullet (n.) A young hen, or female of the domestic fowl.

Pullicate (n.) A kind of checked cotton or silk handkerchief.

Pullulation (n.) A germinating, or budding.

Pullus (n.) A chick; a young bird in the downy stage.

Pulmometer (n.) A spirometer.

Pulmonarian (n.) Any arachnid that breathes by lunglike organs, as the spiders and scorpions. Also used adjectively.

Pulmonate (n.) One of the Pulmonata.

Pulmonic (n.) A pulmonic medicine.

Pulp (n.) A moist, slightly cohering mass, consisting of soft, undissolved animal or vegetable matter.

Pulp (n.) A tissue or part resembling pulp; especially, the soft, highly vascular and sensitive tissue which fills the central cavity, called the pulp cavity, of teeth.

Pulp (n.) The soft, succulent part of fruit; as, the pulp of a grape.

Pulp (n.) The exterior part of a coffee berry.

Pulp (n.) The material of which paper is made when ground up and suspended in water.

Pulpatoon (n.) A kind of delicate confectionery or cake, perhaps made from the pulp of fruit.

Pulpiness (n.) the quality or state of being pulpy.

Pulpit (n.) An elevated place, or inclosed stage, in a church, in which the clergyman stands while preaching.

Pulpit (n.) The whole body of the clergy; preachers as a class; also, preaching.

Pulpit (n.) A desk, or platform, for an orator or public speaker.

Pulpiteer (n.) One who speaks in a pulpit; a preacher; -- so called in contempt.

Pulpiter (n.) A preacher.

Pulpitry (n.) The teaching of the pulpit; preaching.

Pulpy (n.) Like pulp; consisting of pulp; soft; fleshy; succulent; as, the pulpy covering of a nut; the pulpy substance of a peach or a cherry.

Pulque (n.) An intoxicating Mexican drink. See Agave.

Pulsatilla (n.) A genus of ranunculaceous herbs including the pasque flower. This genus is now merged in Anemone. Some species, as Anemone Pulsatilla, Anemone pratensis, and Anemone patens, are used medicinally.

Pulsation (n.) A beating or throbbing, especially of the heart or of an artery, or in an inflamed part; a beat of the pulse.

Pulsation (n.) A single beat or throb of a series.

Pulsation (n.) A stroke or impulse by which some medium is affected, as in the propagation of sounds.

Pulsation (n.) Any touching of another's body willfully or in anger. This constitutes battery.

Pulsator (n.) A beater; a striker.

Pulsator (n.) That which beats or throbs in working.

Pulse (n.) Leguminous plants, or their seeds, as beans, pease, etc.

Pulse (n.) The beating or throbbing of the heart or blood vessels, especially of the arteries.

Pulse (n.) Any measured or regular beat; any short, quick motion, regularly repeated, as of a medium in the transmission of light, sound, etc.; oscillation; vibration; pulsation; impulse; beat; movement.

Pulselessness (n.) The state of being pulseless.

Pulsimeter (n.) A sphygmograph.

Pulsion (n.) The act of driving forward; propulsion; -- opposed to suction or traction.

Pulsometer (n.) A device, with valves, for raising water by steam, partly by atmospheric pressure, and partly by the direct action of the steam on the water, without the intervention of a piston; -- also called vacuum pump.

Pulsometer (n.) A pulsimeter.

Pultesse (n.) Alt. of Pultise

Pultise (n.) Poultry.

Pulu (n.) A vegetable substance consisting of soft, elastic, yellowish brown chaff, gathered in the Hawaiian Islands from the young fronds of free ferns of the genus Cibotium, chiefly C. Menziesii; -- used for stuffing mattresses, cushions, etc., and as an absorbent.

Pulverine (n.) Ashes of barilla.

Pulverization (n.) The action of reducing to dust or powder.

Pulverizer (n.) One who, or that which, pulverizes.

Pulverulence (n.) The state of being pulverulent; abundance of dust or powder; dustiness.

Pulvil (n.) A sweet-scented powder; pulvillio.

Pulvillio (n.) Alt. of Pulvillo

Pulvillo (n.) A kind of perfume in the form of a powder, formerly much used, -- often in little bags.

Pulvillus (n.) One of the minute cushions on the feet of certain insects.

Pulvinar (n.) A prominence on the posterior part of the thalamus of the human brain.

Pulvinulus (n.) Same as Pulvillus.

Puma (n.) A large American carnivore (Felis concolor), found from Canada to Patagonia, especially among the mountains. Its color is tawny, or brownish yellow, without spots or stripes. Called also catamount, cougar, American lion, mountain lion, and panther or painter.

Pume (n.) A stint.

Pumice (n.) A very light porous volcanic scoria, usually of a gray color, the pores of which are capillary and parallel, giving it a fibrous structure. It is supposed to be produced by the disengagement of watery vapor without liquid or plastic lava. It is much used, esp. in the form of powder, for smoothing and polishing. Called also pumice stone.

Pummace (n.) Same as Pomace.

Pump (n.) A low shoe with a thin sole.

Pump (n.) An hydraulic machine, variously constructed, for raising or transferring fluids, consisting essentially of a moving piece or piston working in a hollow cylinder or other cavity, with valves properly placed for admitting or retaining the fluid as it is drawn or driven through them by the action of the piston.

Pumpage (n.) That which is raised by pumps, or the work done by pumps.

Pumper (n.) One who pumps; the instrument or machine used in pumping.

Pumpernickel (n.) A sort of bread, made of unbolted rye, which forms the chief food of the Westphalian peasants. It is acid but nourishing.

Pumpet (n.) A pompet.

Pumpion (n.) See Pumpkin.

Pumpkin (n.) A well-known trailing plant (Cucurbita pepo) and its fruit, -- used for cooking and for feeding stock; a pompion.

Pun (n.) A play on words which have the same sound but different meanings; an expression in which two different applications of a word present an odd or ludicrous idea; a kind of quibble or equivocation.

Punch (n.) A beverage composed of wine or distilled liquor, water (or milk), sugar, and the juice of lemon, with spice or mint; -- specifically named from the kind of spirit used; as rum punch, claret punch, champagne punch, etc.

Punch (n.) The buffoon or harlequin of a puppet show.

Punch (n.) A short, fat fellow; anything short and thick.

Punch (n.) One of a breed of large, heavy draught horses; as, the Suffolk punch.

Punch (n.) A thrust or blow.

Punch (n.) A tool, usually of steel, variously shaped at one end for different uses, and either solid, for stamping or for perforating holes in metallic plates and other substances, or hollow and sharpedged, for cutting out blanks, as for buttons, steel pens, jewelry, and the like; a die.

Punch (n.) An extension piece applied to the top of a pile; a dolly.

Punch (n.) A prop, as for the roof of a mine.

Punch (n.) To perforate or stamp with an instrument by pressure, or a blow; as, to punch a hole; to punch ticket.

Puncheon (n.) A figured stamp, die, or punch, used by goldsmiths, cutlers, etc.

Puncheon (n.) A short, upright piece of timber in framing; a short post; an intermediate stud.

Puncheon (n.) A split log or heavy slab with the face smoothed; as, a floor made of puncheons.

Puncheon (n.) A cask containing, sometimes 84, sometimes 120, gallons.

Puncher (n.) One who, or that which, punches.

Punchin (n.) See Puncheon.

Punchinello (n.) A punch; a buffoon; originally, in a puppet show, a character represented as fat, short, and humpbacked.

Punctator (n.) One who marks with points. specifically, one who writes Hebrew with points; -- applied to a Masorite.

Punctilio (n.) A nice point of exactness in conduct, ceremony, or proceeding; particularity or exactness in forms; as, the punctilios of a public ceremony.

Punction (n.) A puncturing, or pricking; a puncture.

Punctist (n.) A punctator.

Puncto (n.) A nice point of form or ceremony.

Puncto (n.) A term applied to the point in fencing.

Punctualist (n.) One who is very exact in observing forms and ceremonies.

Punctuality (n.) The quality or state of being punctual; especially, adherence to the exact time of an engagement; exactness.

Punctualness (n.) Punctuality; exactness.

Punctuation (n.) The act or art of punctuating or pointing a writing or discourse; the art or mode of dividing literary composition into sentences, and members of a sentence, by means of points, so as to elucidate the author's meaning.

Punctuator (n.) One who punctuates, as in writing; specifically, a punctator.

Punctuist (n.) A punctator.

Punctum (n.) A point.

Puncturation (n.) The act or process of puncturing. See Acupuncture.

Puncture (n.) The act of puncturing; perforating with something pointed.

Puncture (n.) A small hole made by a point; a slight wound, bite, or sting; as, the puncture of a nail, needle, or pin.

Pundit (n.) A learned man; a teacher; esp., a Brahman versed in the Sanskrit language, and in the science, laws, and religion of the Hindoos; in Cashmere, any clerk or native official.

Pundle (n.) A short and fat woman; a squab.

Punese (n.) A bedbug.

Pung (n.) A kind of plain sleigh drawn by one horse; originally, a rude oblong box on runners.

Pungence (n.) Pungency.

Pungency (n.) The quality or state of being pungent or piercing; keenness; sharpness; piquancy; as, the pungency of ammonia.

Pungy (n.) A small sloop or shallop, or a large boat with sails.

Punice (n.) See Punese.

Puniness (n.) The quality or state of being puny; littleness; pettiness; feebleness.

Punisher (n.) One who inflicts punishment.

Punishment (n.) The act of punishing.

Punishment (n.) Any pain, suffering, or loss inflicted on a person because of a crime or offense.

Punishment (n.) A penalty inflicted by a court of justice on a convicted offender as a just retribution, and incidentally for the purposes of reformation and prevention.

Punition (n.) Punishment.

Punk (n.) Wood so decayed as to be dry, crumbly, and useful for tinder; touchwood.

Punk (n.) A fungus (Polyporus fomentarius, etc.) sometimes dried for tinder; agaric.

Punk (n.) An artificial tinder. See Amadou, and Spunk.

Punk (n.) A prostitute; a strumpet.

Punka (n.) A machine for fanning a room, usually a movable fanlike frame covered with canvas, and suspended from the ceiling. It is kept in motion by pulling a cord.

Punkin (n.) A pumpkin.

Punkling (n.) A young strumpet.

Punner (n.) A punster.

Punnet (n.) A broad, shallow basket, for displaying fruit or flowers.

Punnology (n.) The art or practice of punning; paronomasia.

Punster (n.) One who puns, or is skilled in, or given to, punning; a quibbler; a low wit.

Punt (n.) Act of playing at basset, baccara, faro, etc.

Punt (n.) A flat-bottomed boat with square ends. It is adapted for use in shallow waters.

Punt (n.) The act of punting the ball.

Punter (n.) One who punts a football; also, one who propels a punt.

Puntil (n.) Alt. of Puntel

Puntel (n.) See Pontee.

Punto (n.) A point or hit.

Punty (n.) See Pontee.

Puny (n.) A youth; a novice.

Puoy (n.) Same as Poy, n., 3.

Pup (n.) A young dog; a puppy.

Pup (n.) a young seal.

Pupa (n.) Any insect in that stage of its metamorphosis which usually immediately precedes the adult, or imago, stage.

Pupa (n.) A genus of air-breathing land snails having an elongated spiral shell.

Pupation (n.) the act of becoming a pupa.

Pupe (n.) A pupa.

Pupelo (n.) Cider brandy.

Pupil (n.) The aperture in the iris; the sight, apple, or black of the eye. See the Note under Eye, and Iris.

Pupil (n.) A youth or scholar of either sex under the care of an instructor or tutor.

Pupil (n.) A person under a guardian; a ward.

Pupil (n.) A boy or a girl under the age of puberty, that is, under fourteen if a male, and under twelve if a female.

Pupilage (n.) The state of being a pupil.

Pupillarity (n.) The period before puberty, or from birth to fourteen in males, and twelve in females.

Pupillometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the size of the pupil of the pupil of the eye.

Puplican (n.) Publican.

Puppet (n.) A small image in the human form; a doll.

Puppet (n.) A similar figure moved by the hand or by a wire in a mock drama; a marionette; a wooden actor in a play.

Puppet (n.) One controlled in his action by the will of another; a tool; -- so used in contempt.

Puppet (n.) The upright support for the bearing of the spindle in a lathe.

Puppetman (n.) A master of a puppet show.

Puppetry (n.) Action or appearance resembling that of a puppet, or puppet show; hence, mere form or show; affectation.

Puppy (n.) The young of a canine animal, esp. of the common dog; a whelp.

Puppy (n.) A name of contemptuous reproach for a conceited and impertinent person.

Puppyhood (n.) The time or state of being a puppy; the time of being young and undiscip

Puppyism (n.) Extreme meanness, affectation, conceit, or impudence.

Pur (n.) The low, murmuring sound made by a cat to express contentment or pleasure.

Purana (n.) One of a class of sacred Hindoo poetical works in the Sanskrit language which treat of the creation, destruction, and renovation of worlds, the genealogy and achievements of gods and heroes, the reigns of the Manus, and the transactions of their descendants. The principal Puranas are eighteen in number, and there are the same number of supplementary books called Upa Puranas.

Purcelane (n.) Purslane.

Purchaser (n.) One who purchases; one who acquires property for a consideration, generally of money; a buyer; a vendee.

Purchaser (n.) One who acquires an estate in lands by his own act or agreement, or who takes or obtains an estate by any means other than by descent or inheritance.

Purdah (n.) A curtain or screen; also, a cotton fabric in blue and white stripes, used for curtains.

Puree (n.) A dish made by boiling any article of food to a pulp and rubbing it through a sieve; as, a puree of fish, or of potatoes; especially, a soup the thickening of which is so treated.

Pureness (n.) The state of being pure (in any sense of the adjective).

Purfile (n.) A sort of ancient trimming of tinsel and thread for women's gowns; -- called also bobbinwork.

Purfle (n.) Alt. of Purflew

Purflew (n.) A hem, border., or trimming, as of embroidered work.

Purflew (n.) A border of any heraldic fur.

Purfling (n.) Ornamentation on the border of a thing; specifically, the inlaid border of a musical instrument, as a violin.

Purgament (n.) That which is excreted; excretion.

Purgament (n.) A cathartic; a purgative.

Purgation (n.) The act of purging; the act of clearing, cleansing, or putifying, by separating and carrying off impurities, or whatever is superfluous; the evacuation of the bowels.

Purgation (n.) The clearing of one's self from a crime of which one was publicly suspected and accused. It was either canonical, which was prescribed by the canon law, the form whereof used in the spiritual court was, that the person suspected take his oath that he was clear of the matter objected against him, and bring his honest neighbors with him to make oath that they believes he swore truly; or vulgar, which was by fire or water ordeal, or by combat. See Ordeal.

Purgative (n.) A purging medicine; a cathartic.

Purgatorian (n.) One who holds to the doctrine of purgatory.

Purgatory (n.) A state or place of purification after death; according to the Roman Catholic creed, a place, or a state believed to exist after death, in which the souls of persons are purified by expiating such offenses committed in this life as do not merit eternal damnation, or in which they fully satisfy the justice of God for sins that have been forgiven. After this purgation from the impurities of sin, the souls are believed to be received into heaven.

Purger (n.) One who, or that which, purges or cleanses; especially, a cathartic medicine.

Purgery (n.) The part of a sugarhouse where the molasses is drained off from the sugar.

Purging (n.) The act of cleansing; excessive evacuations; especially, diarrhea.

Puri (n.) See Euxanthin.

Purification (n.) The act of purifying; the act or operation of separating and removing from anything that which is impure or noxious, or heterogeneous or foreign to it; as, the purification of liquors, or of metals.

Purification (n.) The act or operation of cleansing ceremonially, by removing any pollution or defilement.

Purification (n.) A cleansing from guilt or the pollution of sin; the extinction of sinful desires, appetites, and inclinations.

Purificator (n.) One who, or that which, purifies; a purifier.

Purifier (n.) One who, or that which, purifies or cleanses; a cleanser; a refiner.

Purim (n.) A Jewish festival, called also the Feast of Lots, instituted to commemorate the deliverance of the Jews from the machinations of Haman.

Purism (n.) Rigid purity; the quality of being affectedly pure or nice, especially in the choice of language; over-solicitude as to purity.

Purist (n.) One who aims at excessive purity or nicety, esp. in the choice of language.

Purist (n.) One who maintains that the New Testament was written in pure Greek.

Puritan (n.) One who, in the time of Queen Elizabeth and the first two Stuarts, opposed traditional and formal usages, and advocated simpler forms of faith and worship than those established by law; -- originally, a term of reproach. The Puritans formed the bulk of the early population of New England.

Puritan (n.) One who is scrupulous and strict in his religious life; -- often used reproachfully or in contempt; one who has overstrict notions.

Puritanism (n.) The doctrines, notions, or practice of Puritans.

Purity (n.) The condition of being pure.

Purity (n.) freedom from foreign admixture or deleterious matter; as, the purity of water, of wine, of drugs, of metals.

Purity (n.) Cleanness; freedom from foulness or dirt.

Purity (n.) Freedom from guilt or the defilement of sin; innocence; chastity; as, purity of heart or of life.

Purity (n.) Freedom from any sinister or improper motives or views.

Purity (n.) Freedom from foreign idioms, or from barbarous or improper words or phrases; as, purity of style.

Purl (n.) An embroidered and puckered border; a hem or fringe, often of gold or silver twist; also, a pleat or fold, as of a band.

Purl (n.) An inversion of stitches in knitting, which gives to the work a ribbed or waved appearance.

Purl (n.) A circle made by the notion of a fluid; an eddy; a ripple.

Purl (n.) A gentle murmur, as that produced by the running of a liquid among obstructions; as, the purl of a brook.

Purl (n.) Malt liquor, medicated or spiced; formerly, ale or beer in which wormwood or other bitter herbs had been infused, and which was regarded as tonic; at present, hot beer mixed with gin, sugar, and spices.

Purl (n.) A tern.

Purlieu (n.) Originally, the ground near a royal forest, which, having been unlawfully added to the forest, was afterwards severed from it, and disafforested so as to remit to the former owners their rights.

Purlieu (n.) Hence, the outer portion of any place; an adjacent district; environs; neighborhood.

Purlin (n.) Alt. of Pur


Purling (n.) The motion of a small stream running among obstructions; also, the murmur it makes in so doing.

Purloiner (n.) One who purloins.

Purparty (n.) A share, part, or portion of an estate allotted to a coparcener.

Purple (n.) A color formed by, or resembling that formed by, a combination of the primary colors red and blue.

Purple (n.) Cloth dyed a purple color, or a garment of such color; especially, a purple robe, worn as an emblem of rank or authority; specifically, the purple rode or mantle worn by Roman emperors as the emblem of imperial dignity; as, to put on the imperial purple.

Purple (n.) Hence: Imperial sovereignty; royal rank, dignity, or favor; loosely and colloquially, any exalted station; great wealth.

Purple (n.) A cardinalate. See Cardinal.

Purple (n.) Any species of large butterflies, usually marked with purple or blue, of the genus Basilarchia (formerly Limenitis) as, the banded purple (B. arthemis). See Illust. under Ursula.

Purple (n.) Any shell of the genus Purpura.

Purple (n.) See Purpura.

Purple (n.) A disease of wheat. Same as Earcockle.

Purpleheart (n.) A strong, durable, and elastic wood of a purplish color, obtained from several tropical American leguminous trees of the genus Copaifera (C. pubiflora, bracteata, and officinalis). Used for decorative veneering. See Copaiba.

Purplewood (n.) Same as Purpleheart.

Purport (n.) Design or tendency; meaning; import; tenor.

Purport (n.) Disguise; covering.

Purport (n.) To intend to show; to intend; to mean; to signify; to import; -- often with an object clause or infinitive.

Purpose (n.) That which a person sets before himself as an object to be reached or accomplished; the end or aim to which the view is directed in any plan, measure, or exertion; view; aim; design; intention; plan.

Purpose (n.) Proposal to another; discourse.

Purpose (n.) Instance; example.

Purposer (n.) One who brings forward or proposes anything; a proposer.

Purposer (n.) One who forms a purpose; one who intends.

Purpresture (n.) Wrongful encroachment upon another's property; esp., any encroachment upon, or inclosure of, that which should be common or public, as highways, rivers, harbors, forts, etc.

Purprise (n.) A close or inclosure; the compass of a manor.

Purpura (n.) A disease characterized by livid spots on the skin from extravasated blood, with loss of muscular strength, pain in the limbs, and mental dejection; the purples.

Purpura (n.) A genus of marine gastropods, usually having a rough and thick shell. Some species yield a purple dye.

Purpurate (n.) A salt of purpuric acid.

Purpure (n.) Purple, -- represented in engraving by diagonal

Purpurin (n.) A dyestuff resembling alizarin, found in madder root, and extracted as an orange or red crystal

Purr (n.) The low murmuring sound made by a cat; pur. See Pur.

Purre (n.) The dunlin.

Purree (n.) A yellow coloring matter. See Euxanthin.

Purrock (n.) See Puddock, and Parrock.

Purse (n.) A small bag or pouch, the opening of which is made to draw together closely, used to carry money in; by extension, any receptacle for money carried on the person; a wallet; a pocketbook; a portemonnaie.

Purse (n.) Hence, a treasury; finances; as, the public purse.

Purse (n.) A sum of money offered as a prize, or collected as a present; as, to win the purse; to make up a purse.

Purse (n.) A specific sum of money

Purse (n.) In Turkey, the sum of 500 piasters.

Purse (n.) In Persia, the sum of 50 tomans.

Purseful (n.) All that is, or can be, contained in a purse; enough to fill a purse.

Purser (n.) A commissioned officer in the navy who had charge of the provisions, clothing, and public moneys on shipboard; -- now called paymaster.

Purser (n.) A clerk on steam passenger vessels whose duty it is to keep the accounts of the vessels, such as the receipt of freight, tickets, etc.

Purser (n.) Colloquially, any paymaster or cashier.

Pursership (n.) The office of purser.

Purset (n.) A purse or purse net.

Pursiness (n.) State of being pursy.

Pursiveness (n.) Pursiness.

Purslain (n.) Same as Purslane.

Purslane (n.) An annual plant (Portulaca oleracea), with fleshy, succulent, obovate leaves, sometimes used as a pot herb and for salads, garnishing, and pickling.

Pursual (n.) The act of pursuit.

Pursuance (n.) The act of pursuing or prosecuting; a following out or after.

Pursuance (n.) The state of being pursuant; consequence.

Pursuer (n.) One who pursues or chases; one who follows in haste, with a view to overtake.

Pursuer (n.) A plaintiff; a prosecutor.

Pursuivant (n.) A functionary of lower rank than a herald, but discharging similar duties; -- called also pursuivant at arms; an attendant of the heralds. Also used figuratively.

Pursuivant (n.) The king's messenger; a state messenger.

Purtenance (n.) That which pertains or belongs to something; esp., the heard, liver, and lungs of an animal.

Purrulence (n.) Alt. of Purulency

Purulency (n.) The quality or state of being purulent; the generation of pus; also, the pus itself.

Purveance (n.) Alt. of Purveiaunce

Purveiaunce (n.) Purveyance.

Purveyance (n.) The act or process of providing or procuring; providence; foresight; preparation; management.

Purveyance (n.) That which is provided; provisions; food.

Purveyance (n.) A providing necessaries for the sovereign by buying them at an appraised value in preference to all others, and oven without the owner's consent. This was formerly a royal prerogative, but has long been abolished.

Purveyor (n.) One who provides victuals, or whose business is to make provision for the table; a victualer; a caterer.

Purveyor (n.) An officer who formerly provided, or exacted provision, for the king's household.

Purveyor (n.) a procurer; a pimp; a bawd.

Purview (n.) The body of a statute, or that part which begins with " Be it enacted, " as distinguished from the preamble.

Purview (n.) The limit or scope of a statute; the whole extent of its intention or provisions.

Purview (n.) Limit or sphere of authority; scope; extent.

Pusane (n.) A piece of armor for the breast; often, an addition to, or reenforcement of. the breastplate; -- called also pesane.

Puseyism (n.) The principles of Dr. Pusey and others at Oxford, England, as exhibited in various publications, esp. in a series which appeared from 1833 to 1841, designated " Tracts for the Times;" tractarianism. See Tractarianism.

Puseyite (n.) One who holds the principles of Puseyism; -- often used opprobriously.

Push (n.) A pustule; a pimple.

Push (n.) A thrust with a pointed instrument, or with the end of a thing.

Push (n.) Any thrust. pressure, impulse, or force, or force applied; a shove; as, to give the ball the first push.

Push (n.) An assault or attack; an effort; an attempt; hence, the time or occasion for action.

Push (n.) The faculty of overcoming obstacles; aggressive energy; as, he has push, or he has no push.

Pusher (n.) One who, or that which, pushes.

Pushpin (n.) A child's game played with pins.

Pusillanimity (n.) The quality of being pusillanimous; weakness of spirit; coward

Pusley (n.) Purslane.

Puss (n.) A cat; -- a fondling appellation.

Puss (n.) A hare; -- so called by sportsmen.

Pussy (n.) A pet name for a cat; also, an endearing name for a girl.

Pussy (n.) A catkin of the pussy willow.

Pussy (n.) The game of tipcat; -- also called pussy cat.

Pustulant (n.) A medicine that produces pustules, as croton oil.

Pustulation (n.) The act of producing pustules; the state of being pustulated.

Pustule (n.) A vesicle or an elevation of the cuticle with an inflamed base, containing pus.

Put (n.) A pit.

Put (n.) A rustic; a clown; an awkward or uncouth person.

Put (n.) The act of putting; an action; a movement; a thrust; a push; as, the put of a ball.

Put (n.) A certain game at cards.

Put (n.) A privilege which one party buys of another to "put" (deliver) to him a certain amount of stock, grain, etc., at a certain price and date.

Put (n.) A prostitute.

Putage (n.) Prostitution or fornication on the part of a woman.

Putamen (n.) The shell of a nut; the stone of a drupe fruit. See Endocarp.

Putanism (n.) Habitual lewdness or prostitution of a woman; harlotry.

Putchuck (n.) Same as Pachak.

Puteal (n.) An inclosure surrounding a well to prevent persons from falling into it; a well curb.

Puteli (n.) Same as Patela.

Putery (n.) Putage.

Putidity (n.) Alt. of Putidness

Putidness (n.) The quality or state of being putrid.

Putlog (n.) One of the short pieces of timber on which the planks forming the floor of a scaffold are laid, -- one end resting on the ledger of the scaffold, and the other in a hole left in the wall temporarily for the purpose.

Put-off (n.) A shift for evasion or delay; an evasion; an excuse.

Putour (n.) A keeper of a brothel; a procurer.

Putrefaction (n.) The act or the process of putrefying; the offensive decay of albuminous or other matter.

Putrefaction (n.) The condition of being putrefied; also, that which putrefied.

Putrescence (n.) The state of being putrescent; putrescent matter.

Putrescible (n.) A substance, usually nitrogenous, which is liable to undergo decomposition when in contact with air and moisture at ordinary temperatures.

Putrescin (n.) A nontoxic diamine, C4H12N2, formed in the putrefaction of the flesh of mammals and some other animals.

Putridity (n.) The quality of being putrid; putrefaction; rottenness.

Putridness (n.) Putridity.

Putrification (n.) Putrefaction.

Putrilage (n.) That which is undergoing putrefaction; the products of putrefaction.

Putry (n.) Putage.

Putter (n.) One who puts or plates.

Putter (n.) Specifically, one who pushes the small wagons in a coal mine, and the like.

Putter-on (n.) An instigator.

Puttier (n.) One who putties; a glazier.

Putting (n.) The throwing of a heavy stone, shot, etc., with the hand raised or extended from the shoulder; -- originally, a Scottish game.

Puttock (n.) The European kite.

Puttock (n.) The buzzard.

Puttock (n.) The marsh harrier.

Puttock (n.) See Futtock.

Putty (n.) A kind of thick paste or cement compounded of whiting, or soft carbonate of lime, and linseed oil, when applied beaten or kneaded to the consistence of dough, -- used in fastening glass in sashes, stopping crevices, and for similar purposes.

Puttyroot (n.) An American orchidaceous plant (Aplectrum hyemale) which flowers in early summer. Its slender naked rootstock produces each year a solid corm, filled with exceedingly glutinous matter, which sends up later a single large oval evergreen plaited leaf. Called also Adam-and-Eve.

Puy (n.) See Poy.

Puzzel (n.) A harlot; a drab; a hussy.

Puzzledom (n.) The domain of puzzles; puzzles, collectively.

Puzzlement (n.) The state of being puzzled; perplexity.

Puzzier (n.) One who, or that which, puzzles or perplexes.

Puzzolan (n.) Alt. of Puzzolana

Puzzolana (n.) See Pozzuolana.

Pyaemia (n.) A form of blood poisoning produced by the absorption into the blood of morbid matters usually originating in a wound or local inflammation. It is characterized by the development of multiple abscesses throughout the body, and is attended with irregularly recurring chills, fever, profuse sweating, and exhaustion.

Pycnidium (n.) In certain fungi, a flask-shaped cavity from the surface of the inner walls of which spores are produced.

Pycnite (n.) A massive subcolumnar variety of topaz.

Pycnodont (n.) Any fossil fish belonging to the Pycnodontini. They have numerous round, flat teeth, adapted for crushing.

Pycnogonid (n.) One of the Pycnogonida.

Pycnometer (n.) A specific gravity bottle; a standard flask for measuring and comparing the densities of liquids.

Pycnostyle (n.) A pycnostyle colonnade.

Pye (n.) See 2d Pie (b).

Pyelitis (n.) Inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney.

Pyemia (n.) See PyAemia.

Pyet (n.) A magpie; a piet.

Pygidium (n.) The caudal plate of trilobites, crustacean, and certain insects. See Illust. of Limulus and Trilobite.

Pygmy (n.) One of a fabulous race of dwarfs who waged war with the cranes, and were destroyed.

Pygmy (n.) Hence, a short, insignificant person; a dwarf.

Pygopod (n.) One of the Pygopodes.

Pygopod (n.) Any species of serpentiform lizards of the family Pygopodidae, which have rudimentary hind legs near the anal cleft, but lack fore legs.

Pygostyle (n.) The plate of bone which forms the posterior end of the vertebral column in most birds; the plowshare bone; the vomer. It is formed by the union of a number of the last caudal vertebrae, and supports the uropigium.

Pyin (n.) An albuminoid constituent of pus, related to mucin, possibly a mixture of substances rather than a single body.

Pyjama (n.) In India and Persia, thin loose trowsers or drawers; in Europe and America, drawers worn at night, or a kind of nightdress with legs.

Pykar (n.) An ancient English fishing boat.

Pyla (n.) The passage between the iter and optocoele in the brain.

Pylagore (n.) a deputy of a State at the Amphictyonic council.

Pylangium (n.) The first and undivided part of the aortic trunk in the amphibian heart.

Pylon (n.) A low tower, having a truncated pyramidal form, and flanking an ancient Egyptian gateway.

Pylon (n.) An Egyptian gateway to a large building (with or without flanking towers).

Pylorus (n.) The opening from the stomach into the intestine.

Pylorus (n.) A posterior division of the stomach in some invertebrates.

Pynoun (n.) A pennant.

Pyocyanin (n.) A blue coloring matter found in the pus from old sores, supposed to be formed through the agency of a species of bacterium (Bacillus pyocyaneus).

Pyopneumothorax (n.) Accumulation of air, or other gas, and of pus, in the pleural cavity.

Pyot (n.) The magpie. See Piet.

Pyoxanthose (n.) A greenish yellow crystal

Pyracanth (n.) The evergreen thorn (Crataegus Pyracantha), a shrub native of Europe.

Pyralid (n.) Any moth of the family Pyralidae. The species are numerous and mostly small, but some of them are very injurious, as the bee moth, meal moth, hop moth, and clover moth.

Pyramid (n.) A solid body standing on a triangular, square, or polygonal base, and terminating in a point at the top; especially, a structure or edifice of this shape.

Pyramid (n.) A solid figure contained by a plane recti

Pyramid (n.) The game of pool in which the balls are placed in the form of a triangle at spot.

Pyramidal (n.) One of the carpal bones. See Cuneiform, n., 2 (b).

Pyramidion (n.) The small pyramid which crowns or completes an obelisk.

Pyramidoid (n.) A solid resembling a pyramid; -- called also pyramoid.

Pyramis (n.) A pyramid.

Pyramoid (n.) See Pyramidoid.

Pyrargyrite (n.) Ruby silver; dark red silver ore. It is a sulphide of antimony and silver, occurring in rhombohedral crystals or massive, and is of a dark red or black color with a metallic adamantine luster.

Pyre (n.) A funeral pile; a combustible heap on which the dead are burned; hence, any pile to be burnt.

Pyrena (n.) A nutlet resembling a seed, or the kernel of a drupe.

Pyrene (n.) One of the less volatile hydrocarbons of coal tar, obtained as a white crystal

Pyrene (n.) Same as Pyrena.

Pyrenean (n.) The Pyrenees.

Pyrenoid (n.) A transparent body found in the chromatophores of certain Infusoria.

Pyrethrin (n.) A substance resembling, and isomeric with, ordinary camphor, and extracted from the essential oil of feverfew; -- called also Pyrethrum camphor.

Pyrethrine (n.) An alkaloid extracted from the root of the pellitory of Spain (Anacyclus pyrethrum).

Pyretology (n.) A discourse or treatise on fevers; the doctrine of fevers.

Pyrexia (n.) The febrile condition.

Pyrgom (n.) A variety of pyroxene; -- called also fassaite.

Pyrheliometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the direct heating effect of the sun's rays.

Pyridine (n.) A nitrogenous base, C5H5N, obtained from the distillation of bone oil or coal tar, and by the decomposition of certain alkaloids, as a colorless liquid with a peculiar pungent odor. It is the nucleus of a large number of organic substances, among which several vegetable alkaloids, as nicotine and certain of the ptomaines, may be mentioned. See Lutidine.

Pyridyl (n.) A hypothetical radical, C5H4N, regarded as the essential residue of pyridine, and analogous to phenyl.

Pyrite (n.) A common mineral of a pale brass-yellow color and brilliant metallic luster, crystallizing in the isometric system; iron pyrites; iron disulphide.

Pyrites (n.) A name given to a number of metallic minerals, sulphides of iron, copper, cobalt, nickel, and tin, of a white or yellowish color.

Pyritohedron (n.) The pentagonal dodecahedron, a common form of pyrite.

Pyritoid (n.) Pyritohedron.

Pyritology (n.) The science of blowpipe analysis.

Pyro (n.) Abbreviation of pyrogallic acid.

Pyroacid (n.) An acid obtained by sybjecting another acid to the action of heat. Cf. Pyro-.

Pyroantimonate (n.) A salt of pyroantimonic acid.

Pyroarsenate (n.) A salt of pyroarsenic acid.

Pyroborate (n.) A salt of pyroboric acid.

Pyrocatechin (n.) A white crystal

Pyrochlore (n.) A niobate of calcium, cerium, and other bases, occurring usually in octahedrons of a yellowish or brownish color and resinous luster; -- so called from its becoming grass-green on being subjected to heat under the blowpipe.

Purocoll (n.) A yellow crystal

Pyroelectric (n.) A substance which becomes electrically polar when heated, exhibiting opposite charges of statical electricity at two separate parts, especially the two extremities.

Pyroelectricity (n.) Electricity developed by means of heat; the science which treats of electricity thus developed.

Pyrogallate (n.) A salt of pyrogallic acid; an ether of pyrogallol.

Pyrogallol (n.) A phenol metameric with phloroglucin, obtained by the distillation of gallic acid as a poisonous white crystal

Pyrogen (n.) Electricity.

Pyrogen (n.) A poison separable from decomposed meat infusions, and supposed to be formed from albuminous matter through the agency of bacteria.

Pyrography (n.) A process of printing, ornamenting, or carving, by burning with heated instruments.

Pyrolator (n.) A fire worshiper.

Pyrolatry (n.) The worship of fire.

Pyrologist (n.) One who is versed in, or makes a study of, pyrology.

Pyrology (n.) That branch of physical science which treats of the properties, phenomena, or effects of heat; also, a treatise on heat.

Pyrolusite (n.) Manganese dioxide, a mineral of an iron-black or dark steel-gray color and metallic luster, usually soft. Pyrolusite parts with its oxygen at a red heat, and is extensively used in discharging the brown and green tints of glass (whence its name).

Pyromalate (n.) A salt of pyromalic acid.

Pyromancy (n.) Divination by means of fire.

Pyromania (n.) An insane disposition to incendiarism.

Pyromantic (n.) One who pretends to divine by fire.

Pyrometer (n.) An instrument used for measuring the expansion of solid bodies by heat.

Pyrometer (n.) An instrument for measuring degrees of heat above those indicated by the mercurial thermometer.

Pyrometry (n.) The art of measuring degrees of heat, or the expansion of bodies by heat.

Pyromorphite (n.) Native lead phosphate with lead chloride, occurring in bright green and brown hexagonal crystals and also massive; -- so called because a fused globule crystallizes in cooling.

Pyromucate (n.) A salt of pyromucic acid.

Pyronomics (n.) The science of heat.

Pyrope (n.) A variety of garnet, of a poppy or blood-red color, frequently with a tinge of orange. It is used as a gem. See the Note under Garnet.

Pyrophane (n.) A mineral which is opaque in its natural state, but is said to change its color and become transparent by heat.

Pyrophone (n.) A musical instrument in which the tones are produced by flames of hydrogen, or illuminating gas, burning in tubes of different sizes and lengths.

Pyrophorus (n.) Any one of several substances or mixtures which phosphoresce or ignite spontaneously on exposure to air, as a heated mixture of alum, potash, and charcoal, or a mixture of charcoal and finely divided lead.

Pyrophosphate (n.) A salt of pyrophosphoric acid.

Pyrophyllite (n.) A mineral, usually of a white or greenish color and pearly luster, consisting chiefly of the hydrous silicate of alumina.

Pyroscope (n.) An instrument for measuring the intensity of heat radiating from a fire, or the cooling influence of bodies. It is a differential thermometer, having one bulb coated with gold or silver leaf.

Pyrosis (n.) See Water brash, under Brash.

Pyrosmalite (n.) A mineral, usually of a pale brown or of a gray or grayish green color, consisting chiefly of the hydrous silicate of iron and manganese; -- so called from the odor given off before the blowpipe.

Pyrosome (n.) Any compound ascidian of the genus Pyrosoma. The pyrosomes form large hollow cylinders, sometimes two or three feet long, which swim at the surface of the sea and are very phosphorescent.

Pyrosulphate (n.) A salt of pyrosulphuric acid.

Pyrotartrate (n.) A salt of pyrotartaric acid.

Pyrotechnian (n.) A pyrotechnist.

Pyrotechnician (n.) A pyrotechnist.

Pyrotechnics (n.) The art of making fireworks; the manufacture and use of fireworks; pyrotechny.

Pyrotechnist (n.) One skilled in pyrotechny; one who manufactures fireworks.

Pyrotechny (n.) The use and application of fire in science and the arts.

Pyrotechny (n.) Same as Pyrotechnics.

Pyrothonide (n.) A kind of empyreumatic oil produced by the combustion of textures of hemp,

Pyrotic (n.) A caustic medicine.

Pyroxanthin (n.) A yellow crystal

Pyroxene (n.) A common mineral occurring in monoclinic crystals, with a prismatic angle of nearly 90!, and also in massive forms which are often laminated. It varies in color from white to dark green and black, and includes many varieties differing in color and composition, as diopside, malacolite, salite, coccolite, augite, etc. They are all silicates of lime and magnesia with sometimes alumina and iron. Pyroxene is an essential constituent of many rocks, especially basic igneous rocks, as>

Pyroxenite (n.) A rock consisting essentially of pyroxene.

Pyroxylin (n.) A substance resembling gun cotton in composition and properties, but distinct in that it is more highly nitrified and is soluble in alcohol, ether, etc.; -- called also pyroxyle.

Pyrrhic (n.) An ancient Greek martial dance, to the accompaniment of the flute, its time being very quick.

Pyrrhic (n.) A foot consisting of two short syllables.

Pyrrhicist (n.) One two danced the pyrrhic.

Pyrrhonism (n.) Skepticism; universal doubt.

Pyrrhonist (n.) A follower of Pyrrho; a skeptic.

Pyrrhotine (n.) Alt. of Pyrrhotite

Pyrrhotite (n.) A bronze-colored mineral, of metallic luster. It is a sulphide of iron, and is remarkable for being attracted by the magnet. Called also magnetic pyrites.

Pyrrol (n.) A nitrogenous base found in coal tar, bone oil, and other distillates of organic substances, and also produced synthetically as a colorless liquid, C4H5N, having on odor like that of chloroform. It is the nucleus and origin of a large number of derivatives. So called because it colors a splinter of wood moistened with hydrochloric acid a deep red.


Pyrula (n.) A genus of large marine gastropods. having a pear-shaped shell. It includes the fig-shells. See Illust. in Appendix.

Pyrus (n.) A genus of rosaceous trees and shrubs having pomes for fruit. It includes the apple, crab apple, pear, chokeberry, sorb, and mountain ash.

Pyruvil (n.) A complex nitrogenous compound obtained by heating together pyruvic acid and urea.

Pythagorean (n.) A follower of Pythagoras; one of the school of philosophers founded by Pythagoras.

Pythagoreanism (n.) The doctrines of Pythagoras or the Pythagoreans.

Pythagorism (n.) The doctrines taught by Pythagoras.

Pythiad (n.) The period intervening between one celebration of the Pythian games and the next.

Python (n.) Any species of very large snakes of the genus Python, and allied genera, of the family Pythonidae. They are nearly allied to the boas. Called also rock snake.

Python (n.) A diviner by spirits.

Pythoness (n.) The priestess who gave oracular answers at Delphi in Greece.

Pythoness (n.) Any woman supposed to have a spirit of divination; a sort of witch.

Pythonism (n.) The art of predicting events after the manner of the priestess of Apollo at Delphi; equivocal prophesying.

Pythonist (n.) A conjurer; a diviner.

Pyuria (n.) A morbid condition in which pus is discharged in the urine.

Pyx (n.) The box, case, vase, or tabernacle, in which the host is reserved.

Pyx (n.) A box used in the British mint as a place of deposit for certain sample coins taken for a trial of the weight and fineness of metal before it is sent from the mint.

Pyx (n.) The box in which the compass is suspended; the binnacle.

Pyx (n.) Same as Pyxis.

Pyxidium (n.) A pod which divides circularly into an upper and lower half, of which the former acts as a kind of lid, as in the pimpernel and purslane.

Pyxidium (n.) The theca of mosses.

Pyxle (n.) Same as Pixy.

Pyxis (n.) A box; a pyx.

Pyxis (n.) A pyxidium.

Pyxis (n.) The acetabulum. See Acetabulum, 2.

About the author

Mark McCracken

Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".

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