Singular Nouns Starting with R

Ra (n.) A roe; a deer.

Raash (n.) The electric catfish.

Rab (n.) A rod or stick used by masons in mixing hair with mortar.

Rabat (n.) A polishing material made of potter's clay that has failed in baking.

Rabatine (n.) A collar or cape.

Rabato (n.) A kind of ruff for the neck; a turned-down collar; a rebato.

Rabbate (n.) Abatement.

Rabbet (n.) A longitudinal channel, groove, or recess cut out of the edge or face of any body; especially, one intended to receive another member, so as to break or cover the joint, or more easily to hold the members in place; thus, the groove cut for a panel, for a pane of glass, or for a door, is a rabbet, or rebate.

Rabbet (n.) Same as Rabbet joint, below.

Rabbi (n.) Master; lord; teacher; -- a Jewish title of respect or honor for a teacher or doctor of the law.

Rabbin (n.) Same as Rabbi.

Rabbinic (n.) The language or dialect of the rabbins; the later Hebrew.

Rabbinism (n.) A rabbinic expression or phraseology; a peculiarity of the language of the rabbins.

Rabbinism (n.) The teachings and traditions of the rabbins.

Rabbinist (n.) One among the Jews who adhered to the Talmud and the traditions of the rabbins, in opposition to the Karaites, who rejected the traditions.

Rabbinite (n.) Same as Rabbinist.

Rabbit (n.) Any of the smaller species of the genus Lepus, especially the common European species (Lepus cuniculus), which is often kept as a pet, and has been introduced into many countries. It is remarkably prolific, and has become a pest in some parts of Australia and New Zealand.

Rabbiting (n.) The hunting of rabbits.

Rabbitry (n.) A place where rabbits are kept; especially, a collection of hutches for tame rabbits.

Rabble (n.) An iron bar, with the end bent, used in stirring or skimming molten iron in the process of puddling.

Rabblement (n.) A tumultuous crowd of low people; a rabble.

Rabbler (n.) A scraping tool for smoothing metal.

Rabble-rout (n.) A tumultuous crowd; a rabble; a noisy throng.

Rabdology (n.) The method or art of performing arithmetical operations by means of Napier's bones. See Napier's bones.

Rabdomancy (n.) Divination by means of rods or wands.

Rabid (n.) Furious; raging; extremely violent.

Rabid (n.) Extreme, unreasonable, or fanatical in opinion; excessively zealous; as, a rabid socialist.

Rabid (n.) Affected with the distemper called rabies; mad; as, a rabid dog or fox.

Rabid (n.) Of or pertaining to rabies, or hydrophobia; as, rabid virus.

Rabidity (n.) Rabidness; furiousness.

Rabidness (n.) The quality or state of being rabid.

Rabies (n.) Same as Hydrophobia (b); canine madness.

Rabinet (n.) A kind of small ordnance formerly in use.

Rabot (n.) A rubber of hard wood used in smoothing marble to be polished.

Racahout (n.) A preparation from acorns used by the Arabs as a substitute for chocolate, and also as a beverage for invalids.

Raccoon (n.) A North American nocturnal carnivore (Procyon lotor) allied to the bears, but much smaller, and having a long, full tail, banded with black and gray. Its body is gray, varied with black and white. Called also coon, and mapach.

Race (n.) A root.

Race (n.) The descendants of a common ancestor; a family, tribe, people, or nation, believed or presumed to belong to the same stock; a

Race (n.) Company; herd; breed.

Race (n.) A variety of such fixed character that it may be propagated by seed.

Race (n.) Peculiar flavor, taste, or strength, as of wine; that quality, or assemblage of qualities, which indicates origin or kind, as in wine; hence, characteristic flavor; smack.

Race (n.) Hence, characteristic quality or disposition.

Race (n.) A progress; a course; a movement or progression.

Race (n.) Esp., swift progress; rapid course; a running.

Race (n.) Hence: The act or process of running in competition; a contest of speed in any way, as in running, riding, driving, skating, rowing, sailing; in the plural, usually, a meeting for contests in the running of horses; as, he attended the races.

Race (n.) Competitive action of any kind, especially when prolonged; hence, career; course of life.

Race (n.) A strong or rapid current of water, or the channel or passage for such a current; a powerful current or heavy sea, sometimes produced by the meeting of two tides; as, the Portland Race; the Race of Alderney.

Race (n.) The current of water that turns a water wheel, or the channel in which it flows; a mill race.

Race (n.) A channel or guide along which a shuttle is driven back and forth, as in a loom, sewing machine, etc.

Racemate (n.) A salt of racemic acid.

Racemation (n.) A cluster or bunch, as of grapes.

Racemation (n.) Cultivation or gathering of clusters of grapes.

Raceme (n.) A flower cluster with an elongated axis and many one-flowered lateral pedicels, as in the currant and chokecherry.

Racemule (n.) A little raceme.

Racer (n.) One who, or that which, races, or contends in a race; esp., a race horse.

Racer (n.) The common American black snake.

Racer (n.) One of the circular iron or steel rails on which the chassis of a heavy gun is turned.

Rach (n.) Alt. of Rache

Rache (n.) A dog that pursued his prey by scent, as distinguished from the greyhound.

Rachialgia (n.) A painful affection of the spine; especially, Pott's disease; also, formerly, lead colic.

Rachilla (n.) Same as Rhachilla.

Rachis (n.) The spine; the vertebral column.

Rachis (n.) Same as Rhachis.

Rachitis (n.) Literally, inflammation of the spine, but commonly applied to the rickets. See Rickets.

Rachitis (n.) A disease which produces abortion in the fruit or seeds.

Rachitome (n.) A dissecting instrument for opening the spinal canal.

Raciness (n.) The quality of being racy; peculiar and piquant flavor.

Rack (n.) Same as Arrack.

Rack (n.) The neck and spine of a fore quarter of veal or mutton.

Rack (n.) A wreck; destruction.

Rack (n.) Thin, flying, broken clouds, or any portion of floating vapor in the sky.

Rack (n.) A fast amble.

Rackabones (n.) A very lean animal, esp. a horse.

Racker (n.) One who racks.

Racker (n.) A horse that has a racking gait.

Racket (n.) A thin strip of wood, having the ends brought together, forming a somewhat elliptical hoop, across which a network of catgut or cord is stretched. It is furnished with a handle, and is used for catching or striking a ball in tennis and similar games.

Racket (n.) A variety of the game of tennis played with peculiar long-handled rackets; -- chiefly in the plural.

Racket (n.) A snowshoe formed of cords stretched across a long and narrow frame of light wood.

Racket (n.) A broad wooden shoe or patten for a man or horse, to enable him to step on marshy or soft ground.

Racket (n.) Confused, clattering noise; din; noisy talk or sport.

Racket (n.) A carouse; any reckless dissipation.

Racketer (n.) One who makes, or engages in, a racket.

Rackett (n.) An old wind instrument of the double bassoon kind, having ventages but not keys.

Racket-tail (n.) Any one of several species of humming birds of the genus Steganura, having two of the tail feathers very long and racket-shaped.

Racking (n.) Spun yarn used in racking ropes.

Rack-rent (n.) A rent of the full annual value of the tenement, or near it; an excessive or unreasonably high rent.

Rack-renter (n.) One who is subjected to paying rack-rent.

Rack-renter (n.) One who exacts rack-rent.

Racktail (n.) An arm attached to a swinging notched arc or rack, to let off the striking mechanism of a repeating clock.

Rackwork (n.) Any mechanism having a rack, as a rack and pinion.

Racleness (n.) See Rakelness.

Raconteur (n.) A relater; a storyteller.

Racoonda (n.) The coypu.

Racovian (n.) One of a sect of Socinians or Unitarians in Poland.

Racquet (n.) See Racket.

Raddle (n.) A long, flexible stick, rod, or branch, which is interwoven with others, between upright posts or stakes, in making a kind of hedge or fence.

Raddle (n.) A hedge or fence made with raddles; -- called also raddle hedge.

Raddle (n.) An instrument consisting of a wooden bar, with a row of upright pegs set in it, used by domestic weavers to keep the warp of a proper width, and prevent tangling when it is wound upon the beam of the loom.

Raddle (n.) A red pigment used in marking sheep, and in some mechanical processes; ruddle.

Raddock (n.) The ruddock.

Rade (n.) A raid.

Radeau (n.) A float; a raft.

Radiale (n.) The bone or cartilage of the carpus which articulates with the radius and corresponds to the scaphoid bone in man.

Radiale (n.) Radial plates in the calyx of a crinoid.

Radian (n.) An arc of a circle which is equal to the radius, or the angle measured by such an arc.

Radiance (n.) Alt. of Radiancy

Radiancy (n.) The quality of being radiant; brilliancy; effulgence; vivid brightness; as, the radiance of the sun.

Radiant (n.) The luminous point or object from which light emanates; also, a body radiating light brightly.

Radiant (n.) A straight

Radiant (n.) The point in the heavens at which the apparent paths of shooting stars meet, when traced backward, or whence they appear to radiate.

Radiary (n.) A radiate.

Radiate (n.) One of the Radiata.

Radiation (n.) The act of radiating, or the state of being radiated; emission and diffusion of rays of light; beamy brightness.

Radiation (n.) The shooting forth of anything from a point or surface, like the diverging rays of light; as, the radiation of heat.

Radiator (n.) That which radiates or emits rays, whether of light or heat; especially, that part of a heating apparatus from which the heat is radiated or diffused; as, a steam radiator.

Radical (n.) A primitive word; a radix, root, or simple, underived, uncompounded word; an etymon.

Radical (n.) A primitive letter; a letter that belongs to the radix.

Radical (n.) One who advocates radical changes in government or social institutions, especially such changes as are intended to level class inequalities; -- opposed to conservative.

Radical (n.) A characteristic, essential, and fundamental constituent of any compound; hence, sometimes, an atom.

Radical (n.) Specifically, a group of two or more atoms, not completely saturated, which are so linked that their union implies certain properties, and are conveniently regarded as playing the part of a single atom; a residue; -- called also a compound radical. Cf. Residue.

Radical (n.) A radical quantity. See under Radical, a.

Radicalism (n.) The quality or state of being radical; specifically, the doctrines or principles of radicals in politics or social reform.

Radicality (n.) Germinal principle; source; origination.

Radicality (n.) Radicalness; relation to a root in essential nature or principle.

Radicalness (n.) Quality or state of being radical.

Radication (n.) The process of taking root, or state of being rooted; as, the radication of habits.

Radication (n.) The disposition of the roots of a plant.

Radicel (n.) A small branch of a root; a rootlet.

Radicle (n.) The rudimentary stem of a plant which supports the cotyledons in the seed, and from which the root is developed downward; the stem of the embryo; the caulicle.

Radicle (n.) A rootlet; a radicel.

Radicule (n.) A radicle.

Radii (n.) pl. of Radius.

Radiograph (n.) A picture produced by the Rontgen rays upon a sensitive surface, photographic or fluorescent, especially a picture of opaque objects traversed by the rays.

Radiolarian (n.) One of the Radiolaria.

Radiolite (n.) A hippurite.

Radiometer (n.) A forestaff.

Radiometer (n.) An instrument designed for measuring the mechanical effect of radiant energy.

Radiomicrometer (n.) A very sensitive modification or application of the thermopile, used for indicating minute changes of radiant heat, or temperature.

Radiophone (n.) An apparatus for the production of sound by the action of luminous or thermal rays. It is essentially the same as the photophone.

Radiophony (n.) The art or practice of using the radiophone.

Radish (n.) The pungent fleshy root of a well-known cruciferous plant (Raphanus sativus); also, the whole plant.

Radius (n.) A right

Radius (n.) The preaxial bone of the forearm, or brachium, corresponding to the tibia of the hind limb. See Illust. of Artiodactyla.

Radius (n.) A ray, or outer floret, of the capitulum of such plants as the sunflower and the daisy. See Ray, 2.

Radius (n.) The barbs of a perfect feather.

Radius (n.) Radiating organs, or color-markings, of the radiates.

Radius (n.) The movable limb of a sextant or other angular instrument.

Radius vector (n.) An ideal straight

Radix (n.) A primitive word, from which spring other words; a radical; a root; an etymon.

Radix (n.) A number or quantity which is arbitrarily made the fundamental number of any system; a base. Thus, 10 is the radix, or base, of the common system of logarithms, and also of the decimal system of numeration.

Radix (n.) A finite expression, from which a series is derived.

Radix (n.) The root of a plant.

Radula (n.) The chitinous ribbon bearing the teeth of mollusks; -- called also lingual ribbon, and tongue. See Odontophore.

Raff (n.) A promiscuous heap; a jumble; a large quantity; lumber; refuse.

Raff (n.) The sweepings of society; the rabble; the mob; -- chiefly used in the compound or duplicate, riffraff.

Raff (n.) A low fellow; a churl.

Raffia (n.) A fibrous material used for tying plants, said to come from the leaves of a palm tree of the genus Raphia.

Raffinose (n.) A colorless crystal

Raffler (n.) One who raffles.

Rafflesia (n.) A genus of stemless, leafless plants, living parasitically upon the roots and stems of grapevines in Malaysia. The flowers have a carrionlike odor, and are very large, in one species (Rafflesia Arnoldi) having a diameter of two or three feet.

Raft (n.) A collection of logs, boards, pieces of timber, or the like, fastened together, either for their own collective conveyance on the water, or to serve as a support in conveying other things; a float.

Raft (n.) A collection of logs, fallen trees, etc. (such as is formed in some Western rivers of the United States), which obstructs navigation.

Raft (n.) A large collection of people or things taken indiscriminately.

Rafter (n.) A raftsman.

Rafter (n.) Originally, any rough and somewhat heavy piece of timber. Now, commonly, one of the timbers of a roof which are put on sloping, according to the inclination of the roof. See Illust. of Queen-post.

Rafting (n.) The business of making or managing rafts.

Raftsman (n.) A man engaged in rafting.

Rag (n.) A piece of cloth torn off; a tattered piece of cloth; a shred; a tatter; a fragment.

Rag (n.) Hence, mean or tattered attire; worn-out dress.

Rag (n.) A shabby, beggarly fellow; a ragamuffin.

Rag (n.) A coarse kind of rock, somewhat cellular in texture.

Rag (n.) A ragged edge.

Rag (n.) A sail, or any piece of canvas.

Ragabash (n.) Alt. of Ragabrash

Ragabrash (n.) An idle, ragged person.

Ragamuffin (n.) A paltry or disreputable fellow; a mean wretch.

Ragamuffin (n.) A person who wears ragged clothing.

Ragamuffin (n.) The long-tailed titmouse.

Rage (n.) Violent excitement; eager passion; extreme vehemence of desire, emotion, or suffering, mastering the will.

Rage (n.) Especially, anger accompanied with raving; overmastering wrath; violent anger; fury.

Rage (n.) A violent or raging wind.

Rage (n.) The subject of eager desire; that which is sought after, or prosecuted, with unreasonable or excessive passion; as, to be all the rage.

Rage (n.) To be furious with anger; to be exasperated to fury; to be violently agitated with passion.

Rage (n.) To be violent and tumultuous; to be violently driven or agitated; to act or move furiously; as, the raging sea or winds.

Rage (n.) To ravage; to prevail without restraint, or with destruction or fatal effect; as, the plague raged in Cairo.

Rage (n.) To toy or act wantonly; to sport.

Ragery (n.) Wantonness.

Ragged (n.) Rent or worn into tatters, or till the texture is broken; as, a ragged coat; a ragged sail.

Ragged (n.) Broken with rough edges; having jags; uneven; rough; jagged; as, ragged rocks.

Ragged (n.) Hence, harsh and disagreeable to the ear; dissonant.

Ragged (n.) Wearing tattered clothes; as, a ragged fellow.

Ragged (n.) Rough; shaggy; rugged.

Raghuvansa (n.) A celebrated Sanskrit poem having for its subject the Raghu dynasty.

Raglan (n.) A loose overcoat with large sleeves; -- named from Lord Raglan, an English general.

Ragman (n.) A man who collects, or deals in, rags.

Ragman (n.) A document having many names or numerous seals, as a papal bull.

Ragout (n.) A dish made of pieces of meat, stewed, and highly seasoned; as, a ragout of mutton.

Ragpicker (n.) One who gets a living by picking up rags and refuse things in the streets.

Ragweed (n.) A common American composite weed (Ambrosia artemisiaefolia) with finely divided leaves; hogweed.

Ragwork (n.) A kind of rubblework. In the United States, any rubblework of thin and small stones.

Ragwort (n.) A name given to several species of the composite genus Senecio.

Raia (n.) A genus of rays which includes the skates. See Skate.

Raid (n.) A hostile or predatory incursion; an inroad or incursion of mounted men; a sudden and rapid invasion by a cavalry force; a foray.

Raid (n.) An attack or invasion for the purpose of making arrests, seizing property, or plundering; as, a raid of the police upon a gambling house; a raid of contractors on the public treasury.

Raider (n.) One who engages in a raid.

Rail (n.) An outer cloak or covering; a neckerchief for women.

Rail (n.) A bar of timber or metal, usually horizontal or nearly so, extending from one post or support to another, as in fences, balustrades, staircases, etc.

Rail (n.) A horizontal piece in a frame or paneling. See Illust. of Style.

Rail (n.) A bar of steel or iron, forming part of the track on which the wheels roll. It is usually shaped with reference to vertical strength, and is held in place by chairs, splices, etc.

Rail (n.) The stout, narrow plank that forms the top of the bulwarks.

Rail (n.) The light, fencelike structures of wood or metal at the break of the deck, and elsewhere where such protection is needed.

Railer (n.) One who rails; one who scoffs, insults, censures, or reproaches with opprobrious language.

Railing (n.) A barrier made of a rail or of rails.

Railing (n.) Rails in general; also, material for making rails.

Raillery (n.) Pleasantry or slight satire; banter; jesting language; satirical merriment.

Railleur (n.) A banterer; a jester; a mocker.

Railroad (n.) Alt. of Railway

Railway (n.) A road or way consisting of one or more parallel series of iron or steel rails, patterned and adjusted to be tracks for the wheels of vehicles, and suitably supported on a bed or substructure.

Railway (n.) The road, track, etc., with all the lands, buildings, rolling stock, franchises, etc., pertaining to them and constituting one property; as, a certain railroad has been put into the hands of a receiver.

Railroading (n.) The construction of a railroad; the business of managing or operating a railroad.

Raiment (n.) Clothing in general; vesture; garments; -- usually singular in form, with a collective sense.

Raiment (n.) An article of dress.

Rain (n.) Water falling in drops from the clouds; the descent of water from the clouds in drops.

Rain (n.) To fall in drops from the clouds, as water; -- used mostly with it for a nominative; as, it rains.

Rain (n.) To fall or drop like water from the clouds; as, tears rained from their eyes.

Rainbow (n.) A bow or arch exhibiting, in concentric bands, the several colors of the spectrum, and formed in the part of the hemisphere opposite to the sun by the refraction and reflection of the sun's rays in drops of falling rain.

Raindeer (n.) See Reindeer.

Raindrop (n.) A drop of rain.

Rainfall (n.) A fall or descent of rain; the water, or amount of water, that falls in rain; as, the average annual rainfall of a region.

Raininess (n.) The state of being rainy.

Raip (n.) A rope; also, a measure equal to a rod.

Rais (n.) Same as 2d Reis.

Raiser (n.) One who, or that which, raises (in various senses of the verb).

Raisin (n.) A grape, or a bunch of grapes.

Raisin (n.) A grape dried in the sun or by artificial heat.

Raising (n.) The act of lifting, setting up, elevating, exalting, producing, or restoring to life.

Raising (n.) Specifically, the operation or work of setting up the frame of a building; as, to help at a raising.

Raising (n.) The operation of embossing sheet metal, or of forming it into cup-shaped or hollow articles, by hammering, stamping, or spinning.

Raivel (n.) A separator.

Raj (n.) Reign; rule.

Raja (n.) Same as Rajah.

Rajahship (n.) The office or dignity of a rajah.

Rajpoot (n.) Alt. of Rajput

Rajput (n.) A Hindoo of the second, or royal and military, caste; a Kshatriya; especially, an inhabitant of the country of Rajpootana, in northern central India.

Rake (n.) An implement consisting of a headpiece having teeth, and a long handle at right angles to it, -- used for collecting hay, or other light things which are spread over a large surface, or for breaking and smoothing the earth.

Rake (n.) A toothed machine drawn by a horse, -- used for collecting hay or grain; a horserake.

Rake (n.) A fissure or mineral vein traversing the strata vertically, or nearly so; -- called also rake-vein.

Rake (n.) The inclination of anything from a perpendicular direction; as, the rake of a roof, a staircase, etc.

Rake (n.) the inclination of a mast or funnel, or, in general, of any part of a vessel not perpendicular to the keel.

Rake (n.) A loose, disorderly, vicious man; a person addicted to lewdness and other scandalous vices; a debauchee; a roue.

Rakehell (n.) A lewd, dissolute fellow; a debauchee; a rake.

Raker (n.) One who, or that which, rakes

Raker (n.) A person who uses a rake.

Raker (n.) A machine for raking grain or hay by horse or other power.

Raker (n.) A gun so placed as to rake an enemy's ship.

Raker (n.) See Gill rakers, under 1st Gill.

Rakery (n.) Debauchery; lewdness.

Rakeshame (n.) A vile, dissolute wretch.

Rakestale (n.) The handle of a rake.

Rake-vein (n.) See Rake, a mineral vein.

Raking (n.) The act or process of using a rake; the going over a space with a rake.

Raking (n.) A space gone over with a rake; also, the work done, or the quantity of hay, grain, etc., collected, by going once over a space with a rake.

Rakishness (n.) The quality or state of being rakish.

Rale (n.) An adventitious sound, usually of morbid origin, accompanying the normal respiratory sounds. See Rhonchus.

Ralliance (n.) The act of rallying.

Rallier (n.) One who rallies.

Rally (n.) The act or process of rallying (in any of the senses of that word).

Rally (n.) A political mass meeting.

Rally (n.) Good-humored raillery.

Ralph (n.) A name sometimes given to the raven.

Ralstonite (n.) A fluoride of alumina and soda occurring with the Greenland cryolite in octahedral crystals.

Ram (n.) The male of the sheep and allied animals. In some parts of England a ram is called a tup.

Ram (n.) Aries, the sign of the zodiac which the sun enters about the 21st of March.

Ram (n.) The constellation Aries, which does not now, as formerly, occupy the sign of the same name.

Ram (n.) An engine of war used for butting or battering.

Ram (n.) In ancient warfare, a long beam suspended by slings in a framework, and used for battering the walls of cities; a battering-ram.

Ram (n.) A heavy steel or iron beak attached to the prow of a steam war vessel for piercing or cutting down the vessel of an enemy; also, a vessel carrying such a beak.

Ram (n.) A hydraulic ram. See under Hydraulic.

Ram (n.) The weight which strikes the blow, in a pile driver, steam hammer, stamp mill, or the like.

Ram (n.) The plunger of a hydraulic press.

Ramadan (n.) The ninth Mohammedan month.

Ramadan (n.) The great annual fast of the Mohammedans, kept during daylight through the ninth month.

Ramage (n.) Boughs or branches.

Ramage (n.) Warbling of birds in trees.

Ramayana (n.) The more ancient of the two great epic poems in Sanskrit. The hero and heroine are Rama and his wife Sita.

Ramberge (n.) Formerly, a kind of large war galley.

Ramble (n.) A going or moving from place to place without any determinate business or object; an excursion or stroll merely for recreation.

Ramble (n.) A bed of shale over the seam.

Rambler (n.) One who rambles; a rover; a wanderer.

Rambooze (n.) A beverage made of wine, ale (or milk), sugar, etc.

Rambutan (n.) A Malayan fruit produced by the tree Nephelium lappaceum, and closely related to the litchi nut. It is bright red, oval in shape, covered with coarse hairs (whence the name), and contains a pleasant acid pulp. Called also ramboostan.

Ramean (n.) A Ramist.

Ramee (n.) See Ramie.

Ramekin (n.) See Ramequin.

Rament (n.) A scraping; a shaving.

Rament (n.) Ramenta.

Ramequin (n.) A mixture of cheese, eggs, etc., formed in a mold, or served on bread.

Ramie (n.) The grass-cloth plant (B/hmeria nivea); also, its fiber, which is very fine and exceedingly strong; -- called also China grass, and rhea. See Grass-cloth plant, under Grass.

Ramification (n.) The process of branching, or the development of branches or offshoots from a stem; also, the mode of their arrangement.

Ramification (n.) A small branch or offshoot proceeding from a main stock or channel; as, the ramifications of an artery, vein, or nerve.

Ramification (n.) A division into principal and subordinate classes, heads, or departments; also, one of the subordinate parts; as, the ramifications of a subject or scheme.

Ramification (n.) The production of branchlike figures.

Ramist (n.) A follower of Pierre Rame, better known as Ramus, a celebrated French scholar, who was professor of rhetoric and philosophy at Paris in the reign of Henry II., and opposed the Aristotelians.


Rammel (n.) Refuse matter.

Rammer (n.) One who, or that which, rams or drives.

Rammer (n.) An instrument for driving anything with force; as, a rammer for driving stones or piles, or for beating the earth to more solidity

Rammer (n.) A rod for forcing down the charge of a gun; a ramrod

Rammer (n.) An implement for pounding the sand of a mold to render it compact.

Rammishness (n.) The quality of being rammish.

Ramollescence (n.) A softening or mollifying.

Ramoon (n.) A small West Indian tree (Trophis Americana) of the Mulberry family, whose leaves and twigs are used as fodder for cattle.

Ramp (n.) A leap; a spring; a hostile advance.

Ramp (n.) A highwayman; a robber.

Ramp (n.) A romping woman; a prostitute.

Ramp (n.) Any sloping member, other than a purely constructional one, such as a continuous parapet to a staircase.

Ramp (n.) A short bend, slope, or curve, where a hand rail or cap changes its direction.

Ramp (n.) An inc

Rampallian (n.) A mean wretch.

Rampancy (n.) The quality or state of being rampant; excessive action or development; exuberance; extravagance.

Rampart (n.) That which fortifies and defends from assault; that which secures safety; a defense or bulwark.

Rampart (n.) A broad embankment of earth round a place, upon which the parapet is raised. It forms the substratum of every permanent fortification.

Rampe (n.) The cuckoopint.

Rampier (n.) See Rampart.

Rampion (n.) A plant (Campanula Rapunculus) of the Bellflower family, with a tuberous esculent root; -- also called ramps.

Rampire (n.) A rampart.

Rampler (n.) A rambler.

Ramrod (n.) The rod used in ramming home the charge in a muzzle-loading firearm.

Ramson (n.) A broad-leaved species of garlic (Allium ursinum), common in European gardens; -- called also buckram.

Ramsted (n.) A yellow-flowered weed; -- so named from a Mr. Ramsted who introduced it into Pennsylvania. See Toad flax. Called also Ramsted weed.

Ramulus (n.) A small branch, or branchlet, of corals, hydroids, and similar organisms.

Ramus (n.) A branch; a projecting part or prominent process; a ramification.

Ramuscule (n.) A small ramus, or branch.

Ran (n.) Open robbery.

Ran (n.) Yarns coiled on a spun-yarn winch.

Rana (n.) A genus of anurous batrachians, including the common frogs.

Rance (n.) A prop or shore.

Rance (n.) A round between the legs of a chair.

Ranch (n.) A tract of land used for grazing and the rearing of horses, cattle, or sheep. See Rancho, 2.

Ranchero (n.) A herdsman; a peasant employed on a ranch or rancho.

Ranchero (n.) The owner and occupant of a ranch or rancho.

Ranchman (n.) An owner or occupant of, or laborer on, a ranch; a herdsman.

Rancho (n.) A rude hut, as of posts, covered with branches or thatch, where herdsmen or farm laborers may live or lodge at night.

Rancho (n.) A large grazing farm where horses and cattle are raised; -- distinguished from hacienda, a cultivated farm or plantation.

Rancidity (n.) The quality or state of being rancid; a rancid scent or flavor, as of old oil.

Rancidness (n.) The quality of being rancid.

Rancor (n.) The deepest malignity or spite; deep-seated enmity or malice; inveterate hatred.

Rand (n.) A border; edge; margin.

Rand (n.) A long, fleshy piece, as of beef, cut from the flank or leg; a sort of steak.

Rand (n.) A thin inner sole for a shoe; also, a leveling slip of leather applied to the sole before attaching the heel.

Randan (n.) The product of a second sifting of meal; the finest part of the bran.

Randan (n.) A boat propelled by three rowers with four oars, the middle rower pulling two.

Randing (n.) The act or process of making and applying rands for shoes.

Randing (n.) A kind of basket work used in gabions.

Random (n.) Force; violence.

Random (n.) A roving motion; course without definite direction; want of direction, rule, or method; hazard; chance; -- commonly used in the phrase at random, that is, without a settled point of direction; at hazard.

Random (n.) Distance to which a missile is cast; range; reach; as, the random of a rifle ball.

Random (n.) The direction of a rake-vein.

Randon (n.) Random.

Ranedeer (n.) See Reindeer.

Ranee (n.) Same as Rani.

Ranforce (n.) See Re/nforce.

Range (n.) To set in a row, or in rows; to place in a regular

Range (n.) To place (as a single individual) among others in a

Range (n.) To separate into parts; to sift.

Range (n.) To dispose in a classified or in systematic order; to arrange regularly; as, to range plants and animals in genera and species.

Range (n.) To rove over or through; as, to range the fields.

Range (n.) To sail or pass in a direction parallel to or near; as, to range the coast.

Range (n.) To be native to, or to live in; to frequent.

Rangement (n.) Arrangement.

Ranger (n.) One who ranges; a rover; sometimes, one who ranges for plunder; a roving robber.

Ranger (n.) That which separates or arranges; specifically, a sieve.

Ranger (n.) A dog that beats the ground in search of game.

Ranger (n.) One of a body of mounted troops, formerly armed with short muskets, who range over the country, and often fight on foot.

Ranger (n.) The keeper of a public park or forest; formerly, a sworn officer of a forest, appointed by the king's letters patent, whose business was to walk through the forest, recover beasts that had strayed beyond its limits, watch the deer, present trespasses to the next court held for the forest, etc.

Rangership (n.) The office of the keeper of a forest or park.

Rani (n.) A queen or princess; the wife of a rajah.

Ranker (n.) One who ranks, or disposes in ranks; one who arranges.

Rankness (n.) The condition or quality of being rank.

Rannel (n.) A prostitute.

Ranny (n.) The erd shrew.

Ransack (n.) The act of ransacking, or state of being ransacked; pillage.

Ransom (n.) The release of a captive, or of captured property, by payment of a consideration; redemption; as, prisoners hopeless of ransom.

Ransom (n.) The money or price paid for the redemption of a prisoner, or for goods captured by an enemy; payment for freedom from restraint, penalty, or forfeit.

Ransom (n.) A sum paid for the pardon of some great offense and the discharge of the offender; also, a fine paid in lieu of corporal punishment.

Ransom (n.) To redeem from captivity, servitude, punishment, or forfeit, by paying a price; to buy out of servitude or penalty; to rescue; to deliver; as, to ransom prisoners from an enemy.

Ransom (n.) To exact a ransom for, or a payment on.

Ransomer (n.) One who ransoms or redeems.

Rant (n.) High-sounding language, without importance or dignity of thought; boisterous, empty declamation; bombast; as, the rant of fanatics.

Ranter (n.) A noisy talker; a raving declaimer.

Ranter (n.) One of a religious sect which sprung up in 1645; -- called also Seekers. See Seeker.

Ranter (n.) One of the Primitive Methodists, who seceded from the Wesleyan Methodists on the ground of their deficiency in fervor and zeal; -- so called in contempt.

Ranterism (n.) The practice or tenets of the Ranters.

Rantipole (n.) A wild, romping young person.

Rantism (n.) Ranterism.

Ranula (n.) A cyst formed under the tongue by obstruction of the duct of the submaxillary gland.

Ranunculus (n.) A genus of herbs, mostly with yellow flowers, including crowfoot, buttercups, and the cultivated ranunculi (R. Asiaticus, R. aconitifolius, etc.) in which the flowers are double and of various colors.

Rap (n.) A lay or skein containing 120 yards of yarn.

Rap (n.) A quick, smart blow; a knock.

Rap (n.) A popular name for any of the tokens that passed current for a half-penny in Ireland in the early part of the eighteenth century; any coin of trifling value.

Rapacity (n.) The quality of being rapacious; rapaciousness; ravenousness; as, the rapacity of pirates; the rapacity of wolves.

Rapacity (n.) The act or practice of extorting or exacting by oppressive injustice; exorbitant greediness of gain.

Raparee (n.) See Rapparee.

Rape (n.) Fruit, as grapes, plucked from the cluster.

Rape (n.) The refuse stems and skins of grapes or raisins from which the must has been expressed in wine making.

Rape (n.) A filter containing the above refuse, used in clarifying and perfecting malt, vinegar, etc.

Rape (n.) The act of seizing and carrying away by force; violent seizure; robbery.

Rape (n.) Sexual connection with a woman without her consent. See Age of consent, under Consent, n.

Rape (n.) That which is snatched away.

Rape (n.) Movement, as in snatching; haste; hurry.

Rape (n.) One of six divisions of the county of Sussex, England, intermediate between a hundred and a shire.

Rape (n.) A name given to a variety or to varieties of a plant of the turnip kind, grown for seeds and herbage. The seeds are used for the production of rape oil, and to a limited extent for the food of cage birds.

Raphaelism (n.) The principles of painting introduced by Raphael, the Italian painter.

Raphaelite (n.) One who advocates or adopts the principles of Raphaelism.

Raphany (n.) A convulsive disease, attended with ravenous hunger, not uncommon in Sweden and Germany. It was so called because supposed to be caused by eating corn with which seeds of jointed charlock (Raphanus raphanistrum) had been mixed, but the condition is now known to be a form of ergotism.

Raphe (n.) A

Raphe (n.) Same as Rhaphe.

Rapidity (n.) The quality or state of being rapid; swiftness; celerity; velocity; as, the rapidity of a current; rapidity of speech; rapidity of growth or improvement.

Rapidness (n.) Quality of being rapid; rapidity.

Rapier (n.) A straight sword, with a narrow and finely pointed blade, used only for thrusting.

Rapine (n.) The act of plundering; the seizing and carrying away of things by force; spoliation; pillage; plunder.

Rapine (n.) Ravishment; rape.

Rappage (n.) The enlargement of a mold caused by rapping the pattern.

Rapparee (n.) A wild Irish plunderer, esp. one of the 17th century; -- so called from his carrying a half-pike, called a rapary.

Rappel (n.) The beat of the drum to call soldiers to arms.

Rapper (n.) One who, or that which, raps or knocks; specifically, the knocker of a door.

Rapper (n.) A forcible oath or lie.

Rapport (n.) Relation; proportion; conformity; correspondence; accord.

Rapscallion (n.) A rascal; a good-for-nothing fellow.

Rapter (n.) A raptor.

Raptor (n.) A ravisher; a plunderer.

Rapture (n.) A seizing by violence; a hurrying along; rapidity with violence.

Rapture (n.) The state or condition of being rapt, or carried away from one's self by agreeable excitement; violence of a pleasing passion; extreme joy or pleasure; ecstasy.

Rapture (n.) A spasm; a fit; a syncope; delirium.

Rapturist (n.) An enthusiast.

Rarebit (n.) A dainty morsel; a Welsh rabbit. See Welsh rabbit, under Rabbit.

Raree-show (n.) A show carried about in a box; a peep show.

Rarefaction (n.) The act or process of rarefying; the state of being rarefied; -- opposed to condensation; as, the rarefaction of air.

Rareness (n.) The state or quality of being rare.

Rareripe (n.) An early ripening fruit, especially a kind of freestone peach.

Rarification (n.) See Rarefaction.

Rarity (n.) The quality or state of being rare; rareness; thinness; as, the rarity (contrasted with the density) of gases.

Rarity (n.) That which is rare; an uncommon thing; a thing valued for its scarcity.

Ras (n.) See 2d Reis.

Rascaldom (n.) State of being a rascal; rascality; domain of rascals; rascals, collectively.

Rascaless (n.) A female rascal.

Rascality (n.) The quality or state of being rascally, or a rascal; mean trickishness or dishonesty; base fraud.

Rascality (n.) The poorer and lower classes of people.

Rascallion (n.) A low, mean wretch.

Rase (n.) A scratching out, or erasure.

Rase (n.) A slight wound; a scratch.

Rase (n.) A way of measuring in which the commodity measured was made even with the top of the measuring vessel by rasing, or striking off, all that was above it.

Rash (n.) A fine eruption or efflorescence on the body, with little or no elevation.

Rash (n.) An inferior kind of silk, or mixture of silk and worsted.

Rasher (n.) A thin slice of bacon.

Rasher (n.) A California rockfish (Sebastichthys miniatus).

Rashling (n.) A rash person.

Rashness (n.) The quality or state of being rash.

Raskolnik (n.) One of the separatists or dissenters from the established or Greek church in Russia.

Rasour (n.) Razor.

Raspatorium (n.) See Raspatory.

Raspberry (n.) The thimble-shaped fruit of the Rubus Idaeus and other similar brambles; as, the black, the red, and the white raspberry.

Raspberry (n.) The shrub bearing this fruit.

Rasper (n.) One who, or that which, rasps; a scraper.

Raspis (n.) The raspberry.

Rasse (n.) A carnivore (Viverricula Mallaccensis) allied to the civet but smaller, native of China and the East Indies. It furnishes a perfume resembling that of the civet, which is highly prized by the Javanese. Called also Malacca weasel, and lesser civet.

Rat (n.) One of several species of small rodents of the genus Mus and allied genera, larger than mice, that infest houses, stores, and ships, especially the Norway, or brown, rat (M. decumanus), the black rat (M. rattus), and the roof rat (M. Alexandrinus). These were introduced into America from the Old World.

Rat (n.) A round and tapering mass of hair, or similar material, used by women to support the puffs and rolls of their natural hair.

Rat (n.) One who deserts his party or associates; hence, in the trades, one who works for lower wages than those prescribed by a trades union.

Rata (n.) A New Zealand forest tree (Metrosideros robusta), also, its hard dark red wood, used by the Maoris for paddles and war clubs.

Ratability (n.) The quality or state of being ratable.

Ratafia (n.) A spirituous liquor flavored with the kernels of cherries, apricots, peaches, or other fruit, spiced, and sweetened with sugar; -- a term applied to the liqueurs called noyau, cura/ao, etc.

Ratan (n.) See Rattan.

Ratany (n.) Same as Rhatany.

Rataplan (n.) The iterative sound of beating a drum, or of a galloping horse.

Ratch (n.) Same as Rotche.

Ratch (n.) A ratchet wheel, or notched bar, with which a pawl or click works.

Ratchel (n.) Gravelly stone.

Ratchet (n.) A pawl, click, or detent, for holding or propelling a ratchet wheel, or ratch, etc.

Ratchet (n.) A mechanism composed of a ratchet wheel, or ratch, and pawl. See Ratchet wheel, below, and 2d Ratch.

Rate (n.) Established portion or measure; fixed allowance.

Rate (n.) That which is established as a measure or criterion; degree; standard; rank; proportion; ratio; as, a slow rate of movement; rate of interest is the ratio of the interest to the principal, per annum.

Rate (n.) Valuation; price fixed with relation to a standard; cost; charge; as, high or low rates of transportation.

Rate (n.) A tax or sum assessed by authority on property for public use, according to its income or value; esp., in England, a local tax; as, parish rates; town rates.

Rate (n.) Order; arrangement.

Rate (n.) Ratification; approval.

Rate (n.) The gain or loss of a timepiece in a unit of time; as, daily rate; hourly rate; etc.

Rate (n.) The order or class to which a war vessel belongs, determined according to its size, armament, etc.; as, first rate, second rate, etc.

Rate (n.) The class of a merchant vessel for marine insurance, determined by its relative safety as a risk, as A1, A2, etc.

Ratel (n.) Any carnivore of the genus Mellivora, allied to the weasels and the skunks; -- called also honey badger.

Ratepayer (n.) One who pays rates or taxes.

Rater (n.) One who rates or estimates.

Rater (n.) One who rates or scolds.

Ratfish (n.) Same as Rat-tail.

Rath (n.) A hill or mound.

Rath (n.) A kind of ancient fortification found in Ireland.

Rathripe (n.) A rareripe.

Ratification (n.) The act of ratifying; the state of being ratified; confirmation; sanction; as, the ratification of a treaty.

Ratifier (n.) One who, or that which, ratifies; a confirmer.

Ratify (n.) To approve and sanction; to make valid; to confirm; to establish; to settle; especially, to give sanction to, as something done by an agent or servant; as, to ratify an agreement, treaty, or contract; to ratify a nomination.

Ratihabition (n.) Confirmation or approbation, as of an act or contract.

Ratio (n.) The relation which one quantity or magnitude has to another of the same kind. It is expressed by the quotient of the division of the first by the second; thus, the ratio of 3 to 6 is expressed by / or /; of a to b by a/b; or (less commonly) the second term is made the dividend; as, a:b = b/a.

Ratio (n.) Hence, fixed relation of number, quantity, or degree; rate; proportion; as, the ratio of representation in Congress.

Ratiocination (n.) The process of reasoning, or deducing conclusions from premises; deductive reasoning.

Ration (n.) A fixed daily allowance of provisions assigned to a soldier in the army, or a sailor in the navy, for his subsistence.

Ration (n.) Hence, a certain portion or fixed amount dealt out; an allowance; an allotment.

Rational (n.) A rational being.

Rationalism (n.) The doctrine or system of those who deduce their religious opinions from reason or the understanding, as distinct from, or opposed to, revelation.

Rationalism (n.) The system that makes rational power the ultimate test of truth; -- opposed to sensualism, or sensationalism, and empiricism.

Rationalist (n.) One who accepts rationalism as a theory or system; also, disparagingly, a false reasoner. See Citation under Reasonist.

Rationality (n.) The quality or state of being rational; agreement with reason; possession of reason; due exercise of reason; reasonableness.

Rationalization (n.) The act or process of rationalizing.

Rationalness (n.) The quality or state of being rational; rationality.

Ratite (n.) One of the Ratitae.

Raton (n.) A small rat.

Ratoon (n.) Same as Rattoon, n.

Ratoon (n.) A rattan cane.

Ratsbane (n.) Rat poison; white arsenic.

Rat-tail (n.) An excrescence growing from the pastern to the middle of the shank of a horse.

Rat-tail (n.) The California chimaera. See Chimaera.

Rat-tail (n.) Any fish of the genus Macrurus. See Grenadier, 2.

Rattan (n.) One of the long slender flexible stems of several species of palms of the genus Calamus, mostly East Indian, though some are African and Australian. They are exceedingly tough, and are used for walking sticks, wickerwork, chairs and seats of chairs, cords and cordage, and many other purposes.

Ratteen (n.) A thick woolen stuff quilled or twilled.

Ratter (n.) One who, or that which, rats, as one who deserts his party.

Ratter (n.) Anything which catches rats; esp., a dog trained to catch rats; a rat terrier. See Terrier.

Rattinet (n.) A woolen stuff thinner than ratteen.

Ratting (n.) The conduct or practices of one who rats. See Rat, v. i., 1.

Rattle (n.) A rapid succession of sharp, clattering sounds; as, the rattle of a drum.

Rattle (n.) Noisy, rapid talk.

Rattle (n.) An instrument with which a rattling sound is made; especially, a child's toy that rattles when shaken.

Rattle (n.) A noisy, senseless talker; a jabberer.

Rattle (n.) A scolding; a sharp rebuke.

Rattle (n.) Any organ of an animal having a structure adapted to produce a rattling sound.

Rattle (n.) The noise in the throat produced by the air in passing through mucus which the lungs are unable to expel; -- chiefly observable at the approach of death, when it is called the death rattle. See R/le.

Rattlebox (n.) A toy that makes a rattling sound; a rattle.

Rattlebox (n.) An American herb (Crotalaria sagittalis), the seeds of which, when ripe, rattle in the inflated pod.

Rattlebox (n.) Any species of Crotalaria, a genus of yellow-flowered herbs, with inflated, many-seeded pods.

Rattlehead (n.) An empty, noisy talker.

Rattlemouse (n.) A bat.

Rattlepate (n.) A rattlehead.

Rattler (n.) One who, or that which, rattles.

Rattlesnake (n.) Any one of several species of venomous American snakes belonging to the genera Crotalus and Caudisona, or Sistrurus. They have a series of horny interlocking joints at the end of the tail which make a sharp rattling sound when shaken. The common rattlesnake of the Northern United States (Crotalus horridus), and the diamond rattlesnake of the South (C. adamanteus), are the best known. See Illust. of Fang.

Rattletrap (n.) Any machine or vehicle that does not run smoothly.

Rattleweed (n.) Any plant of the genus Astragalus. See Milk vetch.

Rattlewings (n.) The golden-eye.

Rattlewort (n.) Same as Rattlebox.

Rattoon (n.) One of the stems or shoots of sugar cane of the second year's growth from the root, or later. See Plant-cane.

Raucity (n.) Harshness of sound; rough utterance; hoarseness; as, the raucity of a trumpet, or of the human voice.

Raunsoun (n.) Ransom.

Ravage (n.) Desolation by violence; violent ruin or destruction; devastation; havoc; waste; as, the ravage of a lion; the ravages of fire or tempest; the ravages of an army, or of time.

Ravage (n.) To lay waste by force; to desolate by violence; to commit havoc or devastation upon; to spoil; to plunder; to consume.

Ravager (n.) One who, or that which, ravages or lays waste; spoiler.

Rave (n.) One of the upper side pieces of the frame of a wagon body or a sleigh.

Ravehook (n.) A tool, hooked at the end, for enlarging or clearing seams for the reception of oakum.

Raveler (n.) One who ravels.

Ravelin (n.) A detached work with two embankments which make a salient angle. It is raised before the curtain on the counterscarp of the place. Formerly called demilune, and half-moon.

Raveling (n.) The act of untwisting or of disentangling.

Raveling (n.) That which is raveled out; esp., a thread detached from a texture.

Raven (n.) A large black passerine bird (Corvus corax), similar to the crow, but larger. It is native of the northern parts of Europe, Asia, and America, and is noted for its sagacity.

Raven (n.) Rapine; rapacity.

Raven (n.) Prey; plunder; food obtained by violence.

Ravenala (n.) A genus of plants related to the banana.

Ravener (n.) One who, or that which, ravens or plunders.

Ravener (n.) A bird of prey, as the owl or vulture.

Ravening (n.) Eagerness for plunder; rapacity; extortion.

Raven's-duck (n.) A fine quality of sailcloth.

Raver (n.) One who raves.

Ravin (n.) Alt. of Ravine

Ravine (n.) Food obtained by violence; plunder; prey; raven.

Ravine (n.) A torrent of water.

Ravine (n.) A deep and narrow hollow, usually worn by a stream or torrent of water; a gorge; a mountain cleft.

Ravisher (n.) One who ravishes (in any sense).

Ravishment (n.) The act of carrying away by force or against consent; abduction; as, the ravishment of children from their parents, of a ward from his guardian, or of a wife from her husband.

Ravishment (n.) The state of being ravished; rapture; transport of delight; ecstasy.

Ravishment (n.) The act of ravishing a woman; rape.

Raw (n.) A raw, sore, or galled place; a sensitive spot; as, to touch one on the raw.

Rawhead (n.) A specter mentioned to frighten children; as, rawhead and bloodybones.

Rawhide (n.) A cowhide, or coarse riding whip, made of untanned (or raw) hide twisted.

Rawness (n.) The quality or state of being raw.

Ray (n.) Array; order; arrangement; dress.

Ray (n.) One of a number of

Ray (n.) A radiating part of a flower or plant; the marginal florets of a compound flower, as an aster or a sunflower; one of the pedicels of an umbel or other circular flower cluster; radius. See Radius.

Ray (n.) One of the radiating spines, or cartilages, supporting the fins of fishes.

Ray (n.) One of the spheromeres of a radiate, especially one of the arms of a starfish or an ophiuran.

Ray (n.) A

Ray (n.) One of the component elements of the total radiation from a body; any definite or limited portion of the spectrum; as, the red ray; the violet ray. See Illust. under Light.

Ray (n.) Sight; perception; vision; -- from an old theory of vision, that sight was something which proceeded from the eye to the object seen.

Ray (n.) One of a system of diverging

Ray (n.) To mark with long

Ray (n.) To send forth or shoot out; to cause to shine out; as, to ray smiles.

Ray (n.) Any one of numerous elasmobranch fishes of the order Raiae, including the skates, torpedoes, sawfishes, etc.

Ray (n.) In a restricted sense, any of the broad, flat, narrow-tailed species, as the skates and sting rays. See Skate.

Rayah (n.) A person not a Mohammedan, who pays the capitation tax.

Rayon (n.) Ray; beam.

Raze (n.) A Shakespearean word (used once) supposed to mean the same as race, a root.

Razorback (n.) The rorqual.

Razorbill (n.) A species of auk (Alca torda) common in the Arctic seas. See Auk, and Illust. in Appendix.

Razorbill (n.) See Cutwater, 3.

Razure (n.) The act of erasing or effacing, or the state of being effaced; obliteration. See Rasure.

Razure (n.) An erasure; a change made by erasing.

Razzia (n.) A plundering and destructive incursion; a foray; a raid.

Reabsorption (n.) The act or process of reabsorbing.

Reaccess (n.) A second access or approach; a return.

Reach (n.) An effort to vomit.

Reach (n.) The act of stretching or extending; extension; power of reaching or touching with the person, or a limb, or something held or thrown; as, the fruit is beyond my reach; to be within reach of cannon shot.

Reach (n.) The power of stretching out or extending action, influence, or the like; power of attainment or management; extent of force or capacity.

Reach (n.) Extent; stretch; expanse; hence, application; influence; result; scope.

Reach (n.) An extended portion of land or water; a stretch; a straight portion of a stream or river, as from one turn to another; a level stretch, as between locks in a canal; an arm of the sea extending up into the land.

Reach (n.) An artifice to obtain an advantage.

Reach (n.) The pole or rod which connects the hind axle with the forward bolster of a wagon.

Reacher (n.) One who reaches.

Reacher (n.) An exaggeration.

Reaction (n.) Any action in resisting other action or force; counter tendency; movement in a contrary direction; reverse action.

Reaction (n.) The mutual or reciprocal action of chemical agents upon each other, or the action upon such chemical agents of some form of energy, as heat, light, or electricity, resulting in a chemical change in one or more of these agents, with the production of new compounds or the manifestation of distinctive characters. See Blowpipe reaction, Flame reaction, under Blowpipe, and Flame.

Reaction (n.) An action induced by vital resistance to some other action; depression or exhaustion of vital force consequent on overexertion or overstimulation; heightened activity and overaction succeeding depression or shock.

Reaction (n.) The force which a body subjected to the action of a force from another body exerts upon the latter body in the opposite direction.

Reaction (n.) Backward tendency or movement after revolution, reform, or great progress in any direction.

Reactionary (n.) One who favors reaction, or seeks to undo political progress or revolution.

Reactionist (n.) A reactionary.

Read (n.) Rennet. See 3d Reed.

Readability (n.) The state of being readable; readableness.

Readeption (n.) A regaining; recovery of something lost.

Reader (n.) One who reads.

Reader (n.) One whose distinctive office is to read prayers in a church.

Reader (n.) One who reads lectures on scientific subjects.

Reader (n.) A proof reader.

Reader (n.) One who reads manuscripts offered for publication and advises regarding their merit.

Reader (n.) One who reads much; one who is studious.

Reader (n.) A book containing a selection of extracts for exercises in reading; an elementary book for practice in a language; a reading book.

Readership (n.) The office of reader.

Readiness (n.) The state or quality of being ready; preparation; promptness; aptitude; willingness.

Reading (n.) The act of one who reads; perusal; also, printed or written matter to be read.

Reading (n.) Study of books; literary scholarship; as, a man of extensive reading.

Reading (n.) A lecture or prelection; public recital.

Reading (n.) The way in which anything reads; force of a word or passage presented by a documentary authority; lection; version.

Reading (n.) Manner of reciting, or acting a part, on the stage; way of rendering.

Reading (n.) An observation read from the scale of a graduated instrument; as, the reading of a barometer.

Readjournment (n.) The act of readjourning; a second or repeated adjournment.

Readjuster (n.) One who, or that which, readjusts; in some of the States of the United States, one who advocates a refunding, and sometimes a partial repudiation, of the State debt without the consent of the State's creditors.

Readjustment (n.) A second adjustment; a new or different adjustment.

Readmission (n.) The act of admitting again, or the state of being readmitted; as, the readmission of fresh air into an exhausted receiver; the readmission of a student into a seminary.

Readmittance (n.) Allowance to enter again; a second admission.

Readvertency (n.) The act of adverting to again, or of reviewing.

Ready (n.) Ready money; cash; -- commonly with the; as, he was well supplied with the ready.

Reaffirmance (n.) Alt. of Reaffirmation

Reaffirmation (n.) A second affirmation.

Reafforestation (n.) The act or process of converting again into a forest.

Reagent (n.) A substance capable of producing with another a reaction, especially when employed to detect the presence of other bodies; a test.

Reaggravation (n.) The last monitory, published after three admonitions and before the last excommunication.

Reak (n.) A rush.

Reak (n.) A prank.

Real (n.) A small Spanish silver coin; also, a denomination of money of account, formerly the unit of the Spanish monetary system.

Real (n.) A realist.

Realgar (n.) Arsenic sulphide, a mineral of a brilliant red color; red orpiment. It is also an artificial product.

Realism (n.) As opposed to nominalism, the doctrine that genera and species are real things or entities, existing independently of our conceptions. According to realism the Universal exists ante rem (Plato), or in re (Aristotle).

Realism (n.) As opposed to idealism, the doctrine that in sense perception there is an immediate cognition of the external object, and our knowledge of it is not mediate and representative.

Realism (n.) Fidelity to nature or to real life; representation without idealization, and making no appeal to the imagination; adherence to the actual fact.

Realist (n.) One who believes in realism; esp., one who maintains that generals, or the terms used to denote the genera and species of things, represent real existences, and are not mere names, as maintained by the nominalists.

Realist (n.) An artist or writer who aims at realism in his work. See Realism, 2.

Reality (n.) The state or quality of being real; actual being or existence of anything, in distinction from mere appearance; fact.

Reality (n.) That which is real; an actual existence; that which is not imagination, fiction, or pretense; that which has objective existence, and is not merely an idea.

Reality (n.) Loyalty; devotion.

Reality (n.) See 2d Realty, 2.

Realization (n.) The act of realizing, or the state of being realized.

Realizer (n.) One who realizes.

Realliance (n.) A renewed alliance.

Realm (n.) A royal jurisdiction or domain; a region which is under the dominion of a king; a kingdom.

Realm (n.) Hence, in general, province; region; country; domain; department; division; as, the realm of fancy.

Realness (n.) The quality or condition of being real; reality.

Realty (n.) Royalty.

Realty (n.) Loyalty; faithfulness.

Realty (n.) Reality.

Realty (n.) Immobility, or the fixed, permanent nature of real property; as, chattels which savor of the realty; -- so written in legal language for reality.

Realty (n.) Real estate; a piece of real property.

Ream (n.) Cream; also, the cream or froth on ale.

Ream (n.) A bundle, package, or quantity of paper, usually consisting of twenty quires or 480 sheets.

Reame (n.) Realm.

Reamer (n.) One who, or that which, reams; specifically, an instrument with cutting or scraping edges, used, with a twisting motion, for enlarging a round hole, as the bore of a cannon, etc.

Reamputation (n.) The second of two amputations performed upon the same member.

Reanimation (n.) The act or operation of reanimating, or the state of being reanimated; reinvigoration; revival.

Reannexation (n.) Act of reannexing.

Reaper (n.) One who reaps.

Reaper (n.) A reaping machine.

Reappearance (n.) A second or new appearance; the act or state of appearing again.

Reapplication (n.) The act of reapplying, or the state of being reapplied.

Reappointment (n.) The act of reappointing, or the state of being reappointed.

Reapportionment (n.) A second or a new apportionment.

Rear (n.) The back or hindmost part; that which is behind, or last in order; -- opposed to front.

Rear (n.) Specifically, the part of an army or fleet which comes last, or is stationed behind the rest.

Reardorse (n.) Alt. of Reardoss

Reardoss (n.) A reredos.

Rearer (n.) One who, or that which, rears.

Reargument (n.) An arguing over again, as of a motion made in court.

Rear-horse (n.) A mantis.

Rearmouse (n.) Alt. of Reremouse

Reremouse (n.) The leather-winged bat (Vespertilio murinus).

Rearrangement (n.) The act of rearranging, or the state of being rearranged.

Rearward (n.) The last troop; the rear of an army; a rear guard. Also used figuratively.

Reascension (n.) The act of reascending; a remounting.

Reascent (n.) A returning ascent or ascension; acclivity.

Reason (n.) A thought or a consideration offered in support of a determination or an opinion; a just ground for a conclusion or an action; that which is offered or accepted as an explanation; the efficient cause of an occurrence or a phenomenon; a motive for an action or a determination; proof, more or less decisive, for an opinion or a conclusion; principle; efficient cause; final cause; ground of argument.

Reason (n.) The faculty or capacity of the human mind by which it is distinguished from the intelligence of the inferior animals; the higher as distinguished from the lower cognitive faculties, sense, imagination, and memory, and in contrast to the feelings and desires. Reason comprises conception, judgment, reasoning, and the intuitional faculty. Specifically, it is the intuitional faculty, or the faculty of first truths, as distinguished from the understanding, which is called the discurs>

Reason (n.) Due exercise of the reasoning faculty; accordance with, or that which is accordant with and ratified by, the mind rightly exercised; right intellectual judgment; clear and fair deductions from true principles; that which is dictated or supported by the common sense of mankind; right conduct; right; propriety; justice.

Reason (n.) Ratio; proportion.

Reason (n.) To exercise the rational faculty; to deduce inferences from premises; to perform the process of deduction or of induction; to ratiocinate; to reach conclusions by a systematic comparison of facts.

Reason (n.) Hence: To carry on a process of deduction or of induction, in order to convince or to confute; to formulate and set forth propositions and the inferences from them; to argue.

Reason (n.) To converse; to compare opinions.

Reasonable (n.) Having the faculty of reason; endued with reason; rational; as, a reasonable being.

Reasonable (n.) Governed by reason; being under the influence of reason; thinking, speaking, or acting rationally, or according to the dictates of reason; agreeable to reason; just; rational; as, the measure must satisfy all reasonable men.

Reasonable (n.) Not excessive or immoderate; within due limits; proper; as, a reasonable demand, amount, price.

Reasonableness (n.) Quality of being reasonable.

Reasoner (n.) One who reasons or argues; as, a fair reasoner; a close reasoner; a logical reasoner.

Reasoning (n.) The act or process of adducing a reason or reasons; manner of presenting one's reasons.

Reasoning (n.) That which is offered in argument; proofs or reasons when arranged and developed; course of argument.

Reasonist (n.) A rationalist.

Reassemblage (n.) Assemblage a second time or again.

Reassertion (n.) A second or renewed assertion of the same thing.

Reassessment (n.) A renewed or second assessment.

Reassignment (n.) The act of reassigning.

Reassurance (n.) Assurance or confirmation renewed or repeated.

Reassurance (n.) Same as Reinsurance.

Reassurer (n.) One who reassures.

Reata (n.) A lariat.

Reattachment (n.) The act of reattaching; a second attachment.

Reattainment (n.) The act of reattaining.

Reaume (n.) Realm.

Reaumur (n.) A Reaumur thermometer or scale.

Reaver (n.) One who reaves.

Rebaptism (n.) A second baptism.

Rebaptization (n.) A second baptism.

Rebaptizer (n.) One who rebaptizes.

Rebate (n.) Diminution.

Rebate (n.) Deduction; abatement; as, a rebate of interest for immediate payment; a rebate of importation duties.

Rebate (n.) A rectangular longitudinal recess or groove, cut in the corner or edge of any body; a rabbet. See Rabbet.

Rebate (n.) A piece of wood hafted into a long stick, and serving to beat out mortar.

Rebate (n.) An iron tool sharpened something like a chisel, and used for dressing and polishing wood.

Rebate (n.) A kind of hard freestone used in making pavements.

Rebatement (n.) Same as 3d Rebate.

Rebato (n.) Same as Rabato.

Rebec (n.) An instrument formerly used which somewhat resembled the violin, having three strings, and being played with a bow.

Rebec (n.) A contemptuous term applied to an old woman.

Rebel (n.) One who rebels.

Rebeldom (n.) A region infested by rebels; rebels, considered collectively; also, conduct or quality characteristic of rebels.

Rebeller (n.) One who rebels; a rebel.

Rebiting (n.) The act or process of deepening worn

Reboation (n.) Repetition of a bellow.

Rebound (n.) The act of rebounding; resilience.

Rebuff (n.) Repercussion, or beating back; a quick and sudden resistance.

Rebuff (n.) Sudden check; unexpected repulse; defeat; refusal; repellence; rejection of solicitation.

Rebuilder (n.) One who rebuilds.

Rebuke (n.) A direct and pointed reproof; a reprimand; also, chastisement; punishment.

Rebuke (n.) Check; rebuff.

Rebuker (n.) One who rebukes.

Rebullition (n.) The act of boiling up or effervescing.

Rebus (n.) A mode of expressing words and phrases by pictures of objects whose names resemble those words, or the syllables of which they are composed; enigmatical representation of words by figures; hence, a peculiar form of riddle made up of such representations.

Rebus (n.) A pictorial suggestion on a coat of arms of the name of the person to whom it belongs. See Canting arms, under Canting.

Rebuttal (n.) The giving of evidence on the part of a plaintiff to destroy the effect of evidence introduced by the defendant in the same suit.

Rebutter (n.) The answer of a defendant in matter of fact to a plaintiff's surrejoinder.

Recadency (n.) A falling back or descending a second time; a relapse.

Recalcitration (n.) A kicking back again; opposition; repugnance; refractoriness.

Recall (n.) A calling back; a revocation.

Recall (n.) A call on the trumpet, bugle, or drum, by which soldiers are recalled from duty, labor, etc.

Recallment (n.) Recall.

Recantation (n.) The act of recanting; a declaration that contradicts a former one; that which is thus asserted in contradiction; retraction.

Recanter (n.) One who recants.

Recapitulation (n.) The act of recapitulating; a summary, or concise statement or enumeration, of the principal points, facts, or statements, in a preceding discourse, argument, or essay.

Recapitulator (n.) One who recapitulates.

Recapper (n.) A tool used for applying a fresh percussion cap or primer to a cartridge shell in reloading it.

Recaption (n.) The act of retaking, as of one who has escaped after arrest; reprisal; the retaking of one's own goods, chattels, wife, or children, without force or violence, from one who has taken them and who wrongfully detains them.

Recaptor (n.) One who recaptures; one who takes a prize which had been previously taken.

Recapture (n.) The act of retaking or recovering by capture; especially, the retaking of a prize or goods from a captor.

Recapture (n.) That which is captured back; a prize retaken.

Recarriage (n.) Act of carrying back.

Receipt (n.) The act of receiving; reception.

Receipt (n.) Reception, as an act of hospitality.

Receipt (n.) Capability of receiving; capacity.

Receipt (n.) Place of receiving.

Receipt (n.) Hence, a recess; a retired place.

Receipt (n.) A formulary according to the directions of which things are to be taken or combined; a recipe; as, a receipt for making sponge cake.

Receipt (n.) A writing acknowledging the taking or receiving of goods delivered; an acknowledgment of money paid.

Receipt (n.) That which is received; that which comes in, in distinction from what is expended, paid out, sent away, and the like; -- usually in the plural; as, the receipts amounted to a thousand dollars.

Receiptment (n.) The receiving or harboring a felon knowingly, after the commission of a felony.

Receiptor (n.) One who receipts; specifically (Law), one who receipts for property which has been taken by the sheriff.

Receit (n.) Receipt.

Receivability (n.) The quality of being receivable; receivableness.

Receivedness (n.) The state or quality of being received, accepted, or current; as, the receivedness of an opinion.

Receiver (n.) One who takes or receives in any manner.

Receiver (n.) A person appointed, ordinarily by a court, to receive, and hold in trust, money or other property which is the subject of litigation, pending the suit; a person appointed to take charge of the estate and effects of a corporation, and to do other acts necessary to winding up its affairs, in certain cases.

Receiver (n.) One who takes or buys stolen goods from a thief, knowing them to be stolen.

Receiver (n.) A vessel connected with an alembic, a retort, or the like, for receiving and condensing the product of distillation.

Receiver (n.) A vessel for receiving and containing gases.

Receiver (n.) The glass vessel in which the vacuum is produced, and the objects of experiment are put, in experiments with an air pump. Cf. Bell jar, and see Illust. of Air pump.

Receiver (n.) A vessel for receiving the exhaust steam from the high-pressure cylinder before it enters the low-pressure cylinder, in a compound engine.

Receiver (n.) A capacious vessel for receiving steam from a distant boiler, and supplying it dry to an engine.

Receiver (n.) That portion of a telephonic apparatus, or similar system, at which the message is received and made audible; -- opposed to transmitter.

Receivership (n.) The state or office of a receiver.

Recency (n.) The state or quality of being recent; newness; new state; late origin; lateness in time; freshness; as, the recency of a transaction, of a wound, etc.

Recension (n.) The act of reviewing or revising; review; examination; enumeration.

Recension (n.) Specifically, the review of a text (as of an ancient author) by an editor; critical revisal and establishment.

Recension (n.) The result of such a work; a text established by critical revision; an edited version.

Recensionist (n.) One who makes recensions; specifically, a critical editor.

Recentness (n.) Quality or state of being recent.

Receptacle (n.) That which serves, or is used, for receiving and containing something, as a basket, a vase, a bag, a reservoir; a repository.

Receptacle (n.) The apex of the flower stalk, from which the organs of the flower grow, or into which they are inserted. See Illust. of Flower, and Ovary.

Receptacle (n.) The dilated apex of a pedicel which serves as a common support to a head of flowers.

Receptacle (n.) An intercellular cavity containing oil or resin or other matters.

Receptacle (n.) A special branch which bears the fructification in many cryptogamous plants.

Receptaculum (n.) A receptacle; as, the receptaculum of the chyle.

Receptary (n.) That which is received.

Receptibility (n.) The quality or state of being receptible; receivableness.

Receptibility (n.) A receptible thing.

Reception (n.) The act of receiving; receipt; admission; as, the reception of food into the stomach; the reception of a letter; the reception of sensation or ideas; reception of evidence.

Reception (n.) The state of being received.

Reception (n.) The act or manner of receiving, esp. of receiving visitors; entertainment; hence, an occasion or ceremony of receiving guests; as, a hearty reception; an elaborate reception.

Reception (n.) Acceptance, as of an opinion or doctrine.

Reception (n.) A retaking; a recovery.

Receptiveness (n.) The quality of being receptive.

Receptivity (n.) The state or quality of being receptive.

Receptivity (n.) The power or capacity of receiving impressions, as those of the external senses.

Receptory (n.) Receptacle.

Recess (n.) A withdrawing or retiring; a moving back; retreat; as, the recess of the tides.

Recess (n.) The state of being withdrawn; seclusion; privacy.

Recess (n.) Remission or suspension of business or procedure; intermission, as of a legislative body, court, or school.

Recess (n.) Part of a room formed by the receding of the wall, as an alcove, niche, etc.

Recess (n.) A place of retirement, retreat, secrecy, or seclusion.

Recess (n.) Secret or abstruse part; as, the difficulties and recesses of science.

Recess (n.) A sinus.

Recess (n.) A decree of the imperial diet of the old German empire.

Recession (n.) The act of receding or withdrawing, as from a place, a claim, or a demand.

Recession (n.) The act of ceding back; restoration; repeated cession; as, the recession of conquered territory to its former sovereign.

Rechabite (n.) One of the descendants of Jonadab, the son of Rechab, all of whom by his injunction abstained from the use of intoxicating drinks and even from planting the vine. Jer. xxxv. 2-19. Also, in modern times, a member of a certain society of abstainers from alcoholic liquors.

Recharter (n.) A second charter; a renewal of a charter.

Recheat (n.) A strain given on the horn to call back the hounds when they have lost track of the game.

Recidivation (n.) A falling back; a backsliding.

Recipe (n.) A formulary or prescription for making some combination, mixture, or preparation of materials; a receipt; especially, a prescription for medicine.

Recipiangle (n.) An instrument with two arms that are pivoted together at one end, and a graduated arc, -- used by military engineers for measuring and laying off angles of fortifications.

Recipience (n.) Alt. of Recipiency

Recipiency (n.) The quality or state of being recipient; a receiving; reception; receptiveness.

Recipient (n.) A receiver; the person or thing that receives; one to whom, or that to which, anything is given or communicated; specifically, the receiver of a still.

Reciprocal (n.) That which is reciprocal to another thing.

Reciprocal (n.) The quotient arising from dividing unity by any quantity; thus, / is the reciprocal of 4; 1/(a +b) is the reciprocal of a + b. The reciprocal of a fraction is the fraction inverted, or the denominator divided by the numerator.

Reciprocality (n.) The quality or condition of being reciprocal; reciprocalness.

Reciprocalness (n.) The quality or condition of being reciprocal; mutual return; alternateness.

Reciprocation (n.) The act of reciprocating; interchange of acts; a mutual giving and returning; as, the reciprocation of kindnesses.

Reciprocation (n.) Alternate recurrence or action; as, the reciprocation of the sea in the flow and ebb of tides.

Reciprocity (n.) Mutual action and reaction.

Reciprocity (n.) Reciprocal advantages, obligations, or rights; reciprocation.

Recision (n.) The act of cutting off.

Recital (n.) The act of reciting; the repetition of the words of another, or of a document; rehearsal; as, the recital of testimony.

Recital (n.) A telling in detail and due order of the particulars of anything, as of a law, an adventure, or a series of events; narration.

Recital (n.) That which is recited; a story; a narration.

Recital (n.) A vocal or instrumental performance by one person; -- distinguished from concert; as, a song recital; an organ, piano, or violin recital.

Recital (n.) The formal statement, or setting forth, of some matter of fact in any deed or writing in order to explain the reasons on which the transaction is founded; the statement of matter in pleading introductory to some positive allegation.

Recitation (n.) The act of reciting; rehearsal; repetition of words or sentences.

Recitation (n.) The delivery before an audience of something committed to memory, especially as an elocutionary exhibition; also, that which is so delivered.

Recitation (n.) The rehearsal of a lesson by pupils before their instructor.

Recitative (n.) A species of musical recitation in which the words are delivered in a manner resembling that of ordinary declamation; also, a piece of music intended for such recitation; -- opposed to melisma.

Recitativo (n.) Recitative.

Recite (n.) A recital.

Reciter (n.) One who recites; also, a book of extracts for recitation.

Reckling (n.) A weak child or animal.

Reckoner (n.) One who reckons or computes; also, a book of calculations, tables, etc., to assist in reckoning.

Reckoning (n.) The act of one who reckons, counts, or computes; the result of reckoning or counting; calculation.

Reckoning (n.) An account of time

Reckoning (n.) Adjustment of claims and accounts; settlement of obligations, liabilities, etc.

Reckoning (n.) The charge or account made by a host at an inn.

Reckoning (n.) Esteem; account; estimation.

Reckoning (n.) The calculation of a ship's position, either from astronomical observations, or from the record of the courses steered and distances sailed as shown by compass and log, -- in the latter case called dead reckoning (see under Dead); -- also used for dead reckoning in contradistinction to observation.

Reckoning (n.) The position of a ship as determined by calculation.

Reclaim (n.) The act of reclaiming, or the state of being reclaimed; reclamation; recovery.

Reclaimant (n.) One who reclaims; one who cries out against or contradicts.

Reclaimer (n.) One who reclaims.

Reclamation (n.) The act or process of reclaiming.

Reclamation (n.) Representation made in opposition; remonstrance.

Reclination (n.) The act of leaning or reclining, or the state of being rec

Reclination (n.) The angle which the plane of the dial makes with a vertical plane which it intersects in a horizontal

Reclination (n.) The act or process of removing a cataract, by applying the needle to its anterior surface, and depressing it into the vitreous humor in such a way that the front surface of the cataract becomes the upper one and its back surface the lower one.


Recluseness (n.) Quality or state of being recluse.

Reclusion (n.) A state of retirement from the world; seclusion.

Reclusory (n.) The habitation of a recluse; a hermitage.

Recoction (n.) A second coction or preparation; a vamping up.

Recognition (n.) The act of recognizing, or the state of being recognized; acknowledgment; formal avowal; knowledge confessed or avowed; notice.

Recognitor (n.) One of a jury impaneled on an assize.

Recognizability (n.) The quality or condition of being recognizable.

Recognizance (n.) An obligation of record entered into before some court of record or magistrate duly authorized, with condition to do some particular act, as to appear at the same or some other court, to keep the peace, or pay a debt. A recognizance differs from a bond, being witnessed by the record only, and not by the party's seal.

Recognizance (n.) The verdict of a jury impaneled upon assize.

Recognizance (n.) A token; a symbol; a pledge; a badge.

Recognizance (n.) Acknowledgment of a person or thing; avowal; profession; recognition.

Recognization (n.) Recognition.

Recognizee (n.) The person in whose favor a recognizance is made.

Recognizer (n.) One who recognizes; a recognizor.

Recognizor (n.) One who enters into a recognizance.

Recoil (n.) A starting or falling back; a rebound; a shrinking; as, the recoil of nature, or of the blood.

Recoil (n.) The state or condition of having recoiled.

Recoil (n.) Specifically, the reaction or rebounding of a firearm when discharged.

Recoiler (n.) One who, or that which, recoils.

Recoilment (n.) Recoil.

Recoinage (n.) The act of coining anew.

Recoinage (n.) That which is coined anew.

Recollect (n.) A friar of the Strict Observance, -- an order of Franciscans.

Recollection (n.) The act of recollecting, or recalling to the memory; the operation by which objects are recalled to the memory, or ideas revived in the mind; reminiscence; remembrance.

Recollection (n.) The power of recalling ideas to the mind, or the period within which things can be recollected; remembrance; memory; as, an event within my recollection.

Recollection (n.) That which is recollected; something called to mind; reminiscence.

Recollection (n.) The act or practice of collecting or concentrating the mind; concentration; self-control.

Recollet (n.) Same as Recollect, n.

Recolonization (n.) A second or renewed colonization.

Recombination (n.) Combination a second or additional time.

Recomforture (n.) The act of recomforting; restoration of comfort.

Recommencement (n.) A commencement made anew.

Recommendation (n.) The act of recommending.

Recommendation (n.) That which recommends, or commends to favor; anything procuring, or tending to procure, a favorable reception, or to secure acceptance and adoption; as, he brought excellent recommendations.

Recommendation (n.) The state of being recommended; esteem.

Recommendative (n.) That which recommends; a recommendation.

Recommender (n.) One who recommends.

Recommitment (n.) Alt. of Recommittal

Recommittal (n.) A second or renewed commitment; a renewed reference to a committee.

Recompensation (n.) Recompense.

Recompensation (n.) Used to denote a case where a set-off pleaded by the defendant is met by a set-off pleaded by the plaintiff.

Recompense (n.) An equivalent returned for anything done, suffered, or given; compensation; requital; suitable return.

Recompensement (n.) Recompense; requital.

Recompenser (n.) One who recompenses.

Recompilation (n.) A new compilation.

Recompilement (n.) The act of recompiling; new compilation or digest; as, a recompilement of the laws.

Recomposer (n.) One who recomposes.

Recomposition (n.) The act of recomposing.

Reconcilement (n.) Reconciliation.

Reconciler (n.) One who reconciles.

Reconciliation (n.) The act of reconciling, or the state of being reconciled; reconcilenment; restoration to harmony; renewal of friendship.

Reconciliation (n.) Reduction to congruence or consistency; removal of inconsistency; harmony.

Recondensation (n.) The act or process of recondensing.

Reconditory (n.) A repository; a storehouse.

Reconnoissance (n.) Alt. of Reconnaissance

Reconnaissance (n.) The act of reconnoitering; preliminary examination or survey.

Reconnaissance (n.) An examination or survey of a region in reference to its general geological character.

Reconnaissance (n.) An examination of a region as to its general natural features, preparatory to a more particular survey for the purposes of triangulation, or of determining the location of a public work.

Reconnaissance (n.) An examination of a territory, or of an enemy's position, for the purpose of obtaining information necessary for directing military operations; a preparatory expedition.

Reconquest (n.) A second conquest.

Reconsecration (n.) Renewed consecration.

Reconsideration (n.) The act of reconsidering, or the state of being reconsidered; as, the reconsideration of a vote in a legislative body.

Reconsolidation (n.) The act or process of reconsolidating; the state of being reconsolidated.

Reconstruction (n.) The act of constructing again; the state of being reconstructed.

Reconstruction (n.) The act or process of reorganizing the governments of the States which had passed ordinances of secession, and of reestablishing their constitutional relations to the national government, after the close of the Civil War.

Recontinuance (n.) The act or state of recontinuing.

Reconvention (n.) A cross demand; an action brought by the defendant against the plaintiff before the same judge.

Reconversion (n.) A second conversion.

Reconvert (n.) A person who has been reconverted.

Reconveyance (n.) Act of reconveying.

Recordance (n.) Remembrance.

Recorder (n.) One who records; specifically, a person whose official duty it is to make a record of writings or transactions.

Recorder (n.) The title of the chief judical officer of some cities and boroughs; also, of the chief justice of an East Indian settlement. The Recorder of London is judge of the Lord Mayor's Court, and one of the commissioners of the Central Criminal Court.

Recorder (n.) A kind of wind instrument resembling the flageolet.

Recordership (n.) The office of a recorder.

Recorporification (n.) The act of investing again with a body; the state of being furnished anew with a body.

Recount (n.) A counting again, as of votes.

Recountment (n.) Recital.

Recouper (n.) One who recoups.

Recoupment (n.) The act of recouping.

Recourse (n.) A coursing back, or coursing again, along the

Recourse (n.) Recurrence in difficulty, perplexity, need, or the like; access or application for aid; resort.

Recourse (n.) Access; admittance.

Recover (n.) Recovery.

Re coverance (n.) Recovery.

Recoveree (n.) The person against whom a judgment is obtained in common recovery.

Recoverer (n.) One who recovers.

Recoveror (n.) The demandant in a common recovery after judgment.

Recovery (n.) The act of recovering, regaining, or retaking possession.

Recovery (n.) Restoration from sickness, weakness, faintness, or the like; restoration from a condition of mistortune, of fright, etc.

Recovery (n.) The obtaining in a suit at law of a right to something by a verdict and judgment of court.

Recovery (n.) The getting, or gaining, of something not previously had.

Recovery (n.) In rowing, the act of regaining the proper position for making a new stroke.

Recreance (n.) Recreancy.

Recreancy (n.) The quality or state of being recreant.

Recreant (n.) One who yields in combat, and begs for mercy; a mean-spirited, cowardly wretch.

Recreation (n.) The act of recreating, or the state of being recreated; refreshment of the strength and spirits after toil; amusement; diversion; sport; pastime.

Re-creation (n.) A forming anew; a new creation or formation.

Recrement (n.) Superfluous matter separated from that which is useful; dross; scoria; as, the recrement of ore.

Recrement (n.) Excrement.

Recrement (n.) A substance secreted from the blood and again absorbed by it.

Recrimination (n.) The act of recriminating; an accusation brought by the accused against the accuser; a counter accusation.

Recriminator (n.) One who recriminates.

Recrudency (n.) Recrudescence.

Recrudescence (n.) Alt. of Recrudescency

Recrudescency (n.) The state or condition of being recrudescent.

Recrudescency (n.) Increased severity of a disease after temporary remission.

Recruit (n.) A supply of anything wasted or exhausted; a reenforcement.

Recruit (n.) Specifically, a man enlisted for service in the army; a newly enlisted soldier.

Recruiter (n.) One who, or that which, recruits.

Recruitment (n.) The act or process of recruiting; especially, the enlistment of men for an army.

Recrystallization (n.) The process or recrystallizing.

Rectangle (n.) A four-sided figure having only right angles; a right-angled parallelogram.

Rectangularity (n.) The quality or condition of being rectangular, or right-angled.

Rectification (n.) The act or operation of rectifying; as, the rectification of an error; the rectification of spirits.

Rectification (n.) The determination of a straight

Rectificator (n.) That which rectifies or refines; esp., a part of a distilling apparatus in which the more volatile portions are separated from the less volatile by the process of evaporation and condensation; a rectifier.

Rectifier (n.) One who, or that which, rectifies.

Rectifier (n.) Specifically: (a) (Naut.) An instrument used for determining and rectifying the variations of the compass on board ship. (b) (Chem.) A rectificator.


Rection (n.) See Government, n., 7.

Rectitis (n.) Proctitis.

Rectitude (n.) Straightness.

Rectitude (n.) Rightness of principle or practice; exact conformity to truth, or to the rules prescribed for moral conduct, either by divine or human laws; uprightness of mind; uprightness; integrity; honesty; justice.

Rectitude (n.) Right judgment.

Recto (n.) A writ of right.

Recto (n.) The right-hand page; -- opposed to verso.

Rector (n.) A ruler or governor.

Rector (n.) A clergyman who has the charge and cure of a parish, and has the tithes, etc.; the clergyman of a parish where the tithes are not impropriate. See the Note under Vicar.

Rector (n.) A clergyman in charge of a parish.

Rector (n.) The head master of a public school.

Rector (n.) The chief elective officer of some universities, as in France and Scotland; sometimes, the head of a college; as, the Rector of Exeter College, or of Lincoln College, at Oxford.

Rector (n.) The superior officer or chief of a convent or religious house; and among the Jesuits the superior of a house that is a seminary or college.

Rectorate (n.) The office, rank, or station of a rector; rectorship.

Rectoress (n.) A governess; a rectrix.

Rectoress (n.) The wife of a rector.

Rectorship (n.) Government; guidance.

Rectorship (n.) The office or rank of a rector; rectorate.

Rectory (n.) The province of a rector; a parish church, parsonage, or spiritual living, with all its rights, tithes, and glebes.

Rectory (n.) A rector's mansion; a parsonage house.

Rectress (n.) A rectoress.

Rectrix (n.) A governess; a rectoress.

Rectrix (n.) One of the quill feathers of the tail of a bird.

Rectum (n.) The terminal part of the large intestine; -- so named because supposed by the old anatomists to be straight. See Illust. under Digestive.

Rectus (n.) A straight muscle; as, the recti of the eye.

Recubation (n.) Recumbence.

Recule (n.) Alt. of Reculement

Reculement (n.) Recoil.

Recumbence (n.) The act of leaning, resting, or reclining; the state of being recumbent.

Recumbency (n.) Recumbence.

Recuperator (n.) Same as Regenerator.

Recure (n.) Cure; remedy; recovery.

Recurrence (n.) Alt. of Recurrency

Recurrency (n.) The act of recurring, or state of being recurrent; return; resort; recourse.

Recursion (n.) The act of recurring; return.

Recurvation (n.) The act of recurving, or the state of being recurved; a bending or flexure backward.

Recurviroster (n.) A bird whose beak bends upward, as the avocet.

Recurvity (n.) Recurvation.

Recusancy (n.) The state of being recusant; nonconformity.

Recusant (n.) One who is obstinate in refusal; one standing out stubbornly against general practice or opinion.

Recusant (n.) A person who refuses to acknowledge the supremacy of the king in matters of religion; as, a Roman Catholic recusant, who acknowledges the supremacy of the pope.

Recusant (n.) One who refuses communion with the Church of England; a nonconformist.

Recusation (n.) Refusal.

Recusation (n.) The act of refusing a judge or challenging that he shall not try the cause, on account of his supposed partiality.

Recussion (n.) The act of beating or striking back.

Red (n.) The color of blood, or of that part of the spectrum farthest from violet, or a tint resembling these.

Red (n.) A red pigment.

Red (n.) An abbreviation for Red Republican. See under Red, a.

Redacteur (n.) See Redactor.

Redaction (n.) The act of redacting; work produced by redacting; a digest.

Redactor (n.) One who redacts; one who prepares matter for publication; an editor.

Redan (n.) A work having two parapets whose faces unite so as to form a salient angle toward the enemy.

Redan (n.) A step or vertical offset in a wall on uneven ground, to keep the parts level.

Redargution (n.) The act of redarguing; refutation.

Redback (n.) The dunlin.

Redbelly (n.) The char.

Redbird (n.) The cardinal bird.

Redbird (n.) The summer redbird (Piranga rubra).

Redbird (n.) The scarlet tanager. See Tanager.

Redbreast (n.) The European robin.

Redbreast (n.) The American robin. See Robin.

Redbreast (n.) The knot, or red-breasted snipe; -- called also robin breast, and robin snipe. See Knot.

Redbreast (n.) The long-eared pondfish. See Pondfish.

Redbud (n.) A small ornamental leguminous tree of the American species of the genus Cercis. See Judas tree, under Judas.

Redcap (n.) The European goldfinch.

Redcap (n.) A specter having long teeth, popularly supposed to haunt old castles in Scotland.

Redcoat (n.) One who wears a red coat; specifically, a red-coated British soldier.

Reddendum (n.) A clause in a deed by which some new thing is reserved out of what had been granted before; the clause by which rent is reserved in a lease.

Reddition (n.) Restoration: restitution: surrender.

Reddition (n.) Explanation; representation.

Reddle (n.) Red chalk. See under Chalk.

Reddour (n.) Rigor; violence.

Rede (n.) Advice; counsel; suggestion.

Rede (n.) A word or phrase; a motto; a proverb; a wise saw.

Redeemability (n.) Redeemableness.

Redeemableness (n.) The quality or state of being redeemable; redeemability.

Redeemer (n.) One who redeems.

Redeemer (n.) Specifically, the Savior of the world, Jesus Christ.

Redeliverance (n.) A second deliverance.

Redelivery (n.) Act of delivering back.

Redelivery (n.) A second or new delivery or liberation.

Redemand (n.) A demanding back; a second or renewed demand.

Redemise (n.) The transfer of an estate back to the person who demised it; reconveyance; as, the demise and redemise of an estate. See under Demise.

Re-demption (n.) The act of redeeming, or the state of being redeemed; repurchase; ransom; release; rescue; deliverance; as, the redemption of prisoners taken in war; the redemption of a ship and cargo.

Re-demption (n.) The liberation of an estate from a mortgage, or the taking back of property mortgaged, upon performance of the terms or conditions on which it was conveyed; also, the right of redeeming and reentering upon an estate mortgaged. See Equity of redemption, under Equity.

Re-demption (n.) Performance of the obligation stated in a note, bill, bond, or other evidence of debt, by making payment to the holder.

Re-demption (n.) The procuring of God's favor by the sufferings and death of Christ; the ransom or deliverance of sinners from the bondage of sin and the penalties of God's violated law.

Redemptionary (n.) One who is, or may be, redeemed.

Redemptioner (n.) One who redeems himself, as from debt or servitude.

Redemptioner (n.) Formerly, one who, wishing to emigrate from Europe to America, sold his services for a stipulated time to pay the expenses of his passage.

Redemptionist (n.) A monk of an order founded in 1197; -- so called because the order was especially devoted to the redemption of Christians held in captivity by the Mohammedans. Called also Trinitarian.

Redemptorist (n.) One of the Congregation of the Most Holy Redeemer, founded in Naples in 1732 by St. Alphonsus Maria de Liquori. It was introduced onto the United States in 1832 at Detroit. The Fathers of the Congregation devote themselves to preaching to the neglected, esp. in missions and retreats, and are forbidden by their rule to engage in the instruction of youth.

Redempture (n.) Redemption.

Redeye (n.) The rudd.

Redeye (n.) Same as Redfish (d).

Redeye (n.) The goggle-eye, or fresh-water rock bass.

Redfin (n.) A small North American dace (Minnilus cornutus, or Notropis megalops). The male, in the breeding season, has bright red fins. Called also red dace, and shiner. Applied also to Notropis ardens, of the Mississippi valley.

Redfinch (n.) The European linnet.

Redfish (n.) The blueback salmon of the North Pacific; -- called also nerka. See Blueback (b).

Redfish (n.) The rosefish.

Redfish (n.) A large California labroid food fish (Trochocopus pulcher); -- called also fathead.

Redfish (n.) The red bass, red drum, or drumfish. See the Note under Drumfish.

Red-gum (n.) An eruption of red pimples upon the face, neck, and arms, in early infancy; tooth rash; strophulus.

Red-gum (n.) A name of rust on grain. See Rust.

Redhead (n.) A person having red hair.

Redhead (n.) An American duck (Aythya Americana) highly esteemed as a game bird. It is closely allied to the canvasback, but is smaller and its head brighter red. Called also red-headed duck. American poachard, grayback, and fall duck. See Illust. under Poachard.

Redhead (n.) The red-headed woodpecker. See Woodpecker.

Redhead (n.) A kind of milkweed (Asclepias Curassavica) with red flowers. It is used in medicine.

Redhibition (n.) The annulling of a sale, and the return by the buyer of the article sold, on account of some defect.

Redhoop (n.) The male of the European bullfinch.

Redhorn (n.) Any species of a tribe of butterflies (Fugacia) including the common yellow species and the cabbage butterflies. The antennae are usually red.

Redia (n.) A kind of larva, or nurse, which is prroduced within the sporocyst of certain trematodes by asexual generation. It in turn produces, in the same way, either another generation of rediae, or else cercariae within its own body. Called also proscolex, and nurse. See Illustration in Appendix.

Redingote (n.) A long plain double-breasted outside coat for women.

Redintegration (n.) Restoration to a whole or sound state; renewal; renovation.

Redintegration (n.) Restoration of a mixed body or matter to its former nature and state.

Redintegration (n.) The law that objects which have been previously combined as part of a single mental state tend to recall or suggest one another; -- adopted by many philosophers to explain the phenomena of the association of ideas.

Redisseizin (n.) A disseizin by one who once before was adjudged to have dassezed the same person of the same lands, etc.; also, a writ which lay in such a case.

Redisseizor (n.) One who redisseizes.

Redistrainer (n.) One who distrains again.

Redition (n.) Act of returning; return.

Redleg (n.) Alt. of Redlegs

Redlegs (n.) The redshank.

Redlegs (n.) The turnstone.

Redmouth (n.) Any one of several species of marine food fishes of the genus Diabasis, or Haemulon, of the Southern United States, having the inside of the mouth bright red. Called also flannelmouth, and grunt.

Redness (n.) The quality or state of being red; red color.

Redolence (n.) Alt. of Redolency

Redolency (n.) The quality of being redolent; sweetness of scent; pleasant odor; fragrance.

Redoubt (n.) A small, and usually a roughly constructed, fort or outwork of varying shape, commonly erected for a temporary purpose, and without flanking defenses, -- used esp. in fortifying tops of hills and passes, and positions in hostile territory.

Redoubt (n.) In permanent works, an outwork placed within another outwork. See F and i in Illust. of Ravelin.

Redoubting (n.) Reverence; honor.

Redound (n.) The coming back, as of consequence or effect; result; return; requital.

Redound (n.) Rebound; reverberation.

Redowa (n.) A Bohemian dance of two kinds, one in triple time, like a waltz, the other in two-four time, like a polka. The former is most in use.

Redpole (n.) Same as Redpoll.

Redpoll (n.) Any one of several species of small northern finches of the genus Acanthis (formerly Aegiothus), native of Europe and America. The adults have the crown red or rosy. The male of the most common species (A. linarius) has also the breast and rump rosy. Called also redpoll linnet. See Illust. under Linnet.

Redpoll (n.) The common European linnet.

Redpoll (n.) The American redpoll warbler (Dendroica palmarum).

Redraft (n.) A second draft or copy.

Redraft (n.) A new bill of exchange which the holder of a protected bill draws on the drawer or indorsers, in order to recover the amount of the protested bill with costs and charges.

Redress (n.) The act of redressing; a making right; reformation; correction; amendment.

Redress (n.) A setting right, as of wrong, injury, or opression; as, the redress of grievances; hence, relief; remedy; reparation; indemnification.

Redress (n.) One who, or that which, gives relief; a redresser.

Redressal (n.) Redress.

Redresser (n.) One who redresses.

Redressment (n.) The act of redressing; redress.

Red-riband (n.) The European red band fish, or fireflame. See Rend fish.

Redroot (n.) A name of several plants having red roots, as the New Jersey tea (see under Tea), the gromwell, the bloodroot, and the Lachnanthes tinctoria, an endogenous plant found in sandy swamps from Rhode Island to Florida.

Redshank (n.) A common Old World limico

Redshank (n.) The fieldfare.

Redshank (n.) A bare-legged person; -- a contemptuous appellation formerly given to the Scotch Highlanders, in allusion to their bare legs.

Redskin (n.) A common appellation for a North American Indian; -- so called from the color of the skin.

Redstart (n.) A small, handsome European singing bird (Ruticilla phoenicurus), allied to the nightingale; -- called also redtail, brantail, fireflirt, firetail. The black redstart is P.tithys. The name is also applied to several other species of Ruticilla amnd allied genera, native of India.

Redstart (n.) An American fly-catching warbler (Setophaga ruticilla). The male is black, with large patches of orange-red on the sides, wings, and tail. The female is olive, with yellow patches.

Redstreak (n.) A kind of apple having the skin streaked with red and yellow, -- a favorite English cider apple.

Redstreak (n.) Cider pressed from redstreak apples.

Redtail (n.) The red-tailed hawk.

Redtail (n.) The European redstart.

Red-tapism (n.) Strict adherence to official formalities.

Red-tapist (n.) One who is tenacious of a strict adherence to official formalities.

Redthroat (n.) A small Australian singing bird (Phyrrholaemus brunneus). The upper parts are brown, the center of the throat red.

Redtop (n.) A kind of grass (Agrostis vulgaris) highly valued in the United States for pasturage and hay for cattle; -- called also English grass, and in some localities herd's grass. See Illustration in Appendix. The tall redtop is Triodia seslerioides.

Reduce (n.) To bring or lead back to any former place or condition.

Reduce (n.) To bring to any inferior state, with respect to rank, size, quantity, quality, value, etc.; to diminish; to lower; to degrade; to impair; as, to reduce a sergeant to the ranks; to reduce a drawing; to reduce expenses; to reduce the intensity of heat.

Reduce (n.) To bring to terms; to humble; to conquer; to subdue; to capture; as, to reduce a province or a fort.

Reduce (n.) To bring to a certain state or condition by grinding, pounding, kneading, rubbing, etc.; as, to reduce a substance to powder, or to a pasty mass; to reduce fruit, wood, or paper rags, to pulp.

Reduce (n.) To bring into a certain order, arrangement, classification, etc.; to bring under rules or within certain limits of descriptions and terms adapted to use in computation; as, to reduce animals or vegetables to a class or classes; to reduce a series of observations in astronomy; to reduce language to rules.

Reduce (n.) To change, as numbers, from one denomination into another without altering their value, or from one denomination into others of the same value; as, to reduce pounds, shillings, and pence to pence, or to reduce pence to pounds; to reduce days and hours to minutes, or minutes to days and hours.

Reduce (n.) To change the form of a quantity or expression without altering its value; as, to reduce fractions to their lowest terms, to a common denominator, etc.

Reduce (n.) To bring to the metallic state by separating from impurities; hence, in general, to remove oxygen from; to deoxidize; to combine with, or to subject to the action of, hydrogen; as, ferric iron is reduced to ferrous iron; or metals are reduced from their ores; -- opposed to oxidize.

Reduce (n.) To restore to its proper place or condition, as a displaced organ or part; as, to reduce a dislocation, a fracture, or a hernia.

Reducement (n.) Reduction.

Reducent (n.) A reducent agent.

Reducer (n.) One who, or that which, reduces.

Reducibleness (n.) Quality of being reducible.

Reductibility (n.) The quality of being reducible; reducibleness.

Reduction (n.) The act of reducing, or state of being reduced; conversion to a given state or condition; diminution; conquest; as, the reduction of a body to powder; the reduction of things to order; the reduction of the expenses of government; the reduction of a rebellious province.

Reduction (n.) The act or process of reducing. See Reduce, v. t., 6. and To reduce an equation, To reduce an expression, under Reduce, v. t.

Reductive (n.) A reductive agent.

Reduit (n.) A central or retired work within any other work.

Redundance (n.) Alt. of Redundancy

Redundancy (n.) The quality or state of being redundant; superfluity; superabundance; excess.

Redundancy (n.) That which is redundant or in excess; anything superfluous or superabundant.

Redundancy (n.) Surplusage inserted in a pleading which may be rejected by the court without impairing the validity of what remains.

Reduplication (n.) The act of doubling, or the state of being doubled.

Reduplication (n.) A figure in which the first word of a verse is the same as the last word of the preceding verse.

Reduplication (n.) The doubling of a stem or syllable (more or less modified), with the effect of changing the time expressed, intensifying the meaning, or making the word more imitative; also, the syllable thus added; as, L. tetuli; poposci.

Reduvid (n.) Any hemipterous insect of the genus Redivius, or family Reduvidae. They live by sucking the blood of other insects, and some species also attack man.

Redweed (n.) The red poppy (Papaver Rhoeas).

Redwing (n.) A European thrush (Turdus iliacus). Its under wing coverts are orange red. Called also redwinged thrush. (b) A North American passerine bird (Agelarius ph/niceus) of the family Icteridae. The male is black, with a conspicuous patch of bright red, bordered with orange, on each wing. Called also redwinged blackbird, red-winged troupial, marsh blackbird, and swamp blackbird.

Redwithe (n.) A west Indian climbing shrub (Combretum Jacquini) with slender reddish branchlets.

Redwood (n.) A gigantic coniferous tree (Sequoia sempervirens) of California, and its light and durable reddish timber. See Sequoia.

Redwood (n.) An East Indian dyewood, obtained from Pterocarpus santalinus, Caesalpinia Sappan, and several other trees.

Ree (n.) See Rei.

Reebok (n.) The peele.

Reecho (n.) The echo of an echo; a repeated or second echo.

Reed (n.) The fourth stomach of a ruminant; rennet.

Reed (n.) A name given to many tall and coarse grasses or grasslike plants, and their slender, often jointed, stems, such as the various kinds of bamboo, and especially the common reed of Europe and North America (Phragmites communis).

Reed (n.) A musical instrument made of the hollow joint of some plant; a rustic or pastoral pipe.

Reed (n.) An arrow, as made of a reed.

Reed (n.) Straw prepared for thatching a roof.

Reed (n.) A small piece of cane or wood attached to the mouthpiece of certain instruments, and set in vibration by the breath. In the clarinet it is a single fiat reed; in the oboe and bassoon it is double, forming a compressed tube.

Reed (n.) One of the thin pieces of metal, the vibration of which produce the tones of a melodeon, accordeon, harmonium, or seraphine; also attached to certain sets or registers of pipes in an organ.

Reed (n.) A frame having parallel flat stripe of metal or reed, between which the warp threads pass, set in the swinging lathe or batten of a loom for beating up the weft; a sley. See Batten.

Reed (n.) A tube containing the train of powder for igniting the charge in blasting.

Reed (n.) Same as Reeding.

Reedbird (n.) The bobolink.

Reedbird (n.) One of several small Asiatic singing birds of the genera Sch/nicola and Eurycercus; -- called also reed babbler.

Reedbuck (n.) See Rietboc.

Reedification (n.) The act reedifying; the state of being reedified.

Reeding (n.) A small convex molding; a reed (see Illust. (i) of Molding); one of several set close together to decorate a surface; also, decoration by means of reedings; -- the reverse of fluting.

Reeding (n.) The nurling on the edge of a coin; -- commonly called milling.

Reedling (n.) The European bearded titmouse (Panurus biarmicus); -- called also reed bunting, bearded pinnock, and lesser butcher bird.

Reed-mace (n.) The cat-tail.

Reedwork (n.) A collective name for the reed stops of an organ.

Reef (n.) A chain or range of rocks lying at or near the surface of the water. See Coral reefs, under Coral.

Reef (n.) A large vein of auriferous quartz; -- so called in Australia. Hence, any body of rock yielding valuable ore.

Reef-band (n.) A piece of canvas sewed across a sail to strengthen it in the part where the eyelet holes for reefing are made.

Reefer (n.) One who reefs; -- a name often given to midshipmen.

Reefer (n.) A close-fitting lacket or short coat of thick cloth.

Reefing (n.) The process of taking in a reef.

Reek (n.) A rick.

Reek (n.) Vapor; steam; smoke; fume.

Reel (n.) A lively dance of the Highlanders of Scotland; also, the music to the dance; -- often called Scotch reel.

Reel (n.) A frame with radial arms, or a kind of spool, turning on an axis, on which yarn, threads,

Reel (n.) A machine on which yarn is wound and measured into lays and hanks, -- for cotton or

Reel (n.) A device consisting of radial arms with horizontal stats, connected with a harvesting machine, for holding the stalks of grain in position to be cut by the knives.

Reel (n.) The act or motion of reeling or staggering; as, a drunken reel.

Reelection (n.) Election a second time, or anew; as, the reelection of a former chief.

Reeler (n.) One who reels.

Reeler (n.) The grasshopper warbler; -- so called from its note.

Reem (n.) The Hebrew name of a horned wild animal, probably the Urus.

Reembarkation (n.) A putting, or going, on board a vessel again.

Reemergence (n.) Act of reemerging.

Reenaction (n.) The act of reenacting; the state of being reenacted.

Reenactment (n.) The enacting or passing of a law a second time; the renewal of a law.

Reenforcement (n.) The act of reenforcing, or the state of being reenforced.

Reenforcement (n.) That which reenforces; additional force; especially, additional troops or force to augment the strength of any army, or ships to strengthen a navy or fleet.

Reengagement (n.) A renewed or repeated engagement.

Reenjoyment (n.) Renewed enjoyment.

Reenlistment (n.) A renewed enlistment.

Reentering (n.) The process of applying additional colors, by applications of printing blocks, to patterns already partly colored.

Reenthronement (n.) A second enthroning.

Reentrance (n.) The act entereing again; re/ntry.

Reentry (n.) A second or new entry; as, a reentry into public life.

Reentry (n.) A resuming or retaking possession of what one has lately foregone; -- applied especially to land; the entry by a lessor upon the premises leased, on failure of the tenant to pay rent or perform the covenants in the lease.

Reermouse (n.) See Rearmouse.

Reestablisher (n.) One who establishes again.

Reestablishment (n.) The act reestablishing; the state of being reestablished.

Reeve (n.) The female of the ruff.

Reeve (n.) an officer, steward, bailiff, or governor; -- used chiefly in compounds; as, shirereeve, now written sheriff; portreeve, etc.

Reexamination (n.) A repeated examination. See under Examination.

Reexchange (n.) A renewed exchange; a reversal of an exchange.

Reexchange (n.) The expense chargeable on a bill of exchange or draft which has been dishonored in a foreign country, and returned to the country in which it was made or indorsed, and then taken up.

Reexperience (n.) A renewed or repeated experience.

Reexport (n.) Any commodity reexported; -- chiefly in the plural.

Reexportation (n.) The act of reexporting, or of exporting an import.

Reexpulsion (n.) Renewed or repeated expulsion.

Refaction (n.) Recompense; atonement; retribution.

Refashionment (n.) The act of refashioning, or the state of being refashioned.

Refection (n.) Refreshment after hunger or fatigue; a repast; a lunch.

Refective (n.) That which refreshes.

Refectory (n.) A room for refreshment; originally, a dining hall in monasteries or convents.

Referee (n.) One to whom a thing is referred; a person to whom a matter in dispute has been referred, in order that he may settle it.

Reference (n.) The act of referring, or the state of being referred; as, reference to a chart for guidance.

Reference (n.) That which refers to something; a specific direction of the attention; as, a reference in a text-book.

Reference (n.) Relation; regard; respect.

Reference (n.) One who, or that which, is referred to.

Reference (n.) One of whom inquires can be made as to the integrity, capacity, and the like, of another.

Reference (n.) A work, or a passage in a work, to which one is referred.

Reference (n.) The act of submitting a matter in dispute to the judgment of one or more persons for decision.

Reference (n.) The process of sending any matter, for inquiry in a cause, to a master or other officer, in order that he may ascertain facts and report to the court.

Reference (n.) Appeal.

Referendary (n.) One to whose decision a cause is referred; a referee.

Referendary (n.) An officer who delivered the royal answer to petitions.

Referendary (n.) Formerly, an officer of state charged with the duty of procuring and dispatching diplomas and decrees.

Referendum (n.) A diplomatic agent's note asking for instructions from his government concerning a particular matter or point.

Referendum (n.) The right to approve or reject by popular vote a meassure passed upon by a legislature.

Referment (n.) The act of referring; reference.

Referrer (n.) One who refers.

Refinement (n.) The act of refining, or the state of being refined; as, the refinement or metals; refinement of ideas.

Refinement (n.) That which is refined, elaborated, or polished to excess; an affected subtilty; as, refinements of logic.

Refiner (n.) One who, or that which, refines.

Refinery (n.) The building and apparatus for refining or purifying, esp. metals and sugar.

Refinery (n.) A furnace in which cast iron is refined by the action of a blast on the molten metal.

Refitment (n.) The act of refitting, or the state of being refitted.

Reflection (n.) The act of reflecting, or turning or sending back, or the state of being reflected.

Reflection (n.) The return of rays, beams, sound, or the like, from a surface. See Angle of reflection, below.

Reflection (n.) The reverting of the mind to that which has already occupied it; continued consideration; meditation; contemplation; hence, also, that operation or power of the mind by which it is conscious of its own acts or states; the capacity for judging rationally, especially in view of a moral rule or standard.

Reflection (n.) Shining; brightness, as of the sun.

Reflection (n.) That which is produced by reflection.

Reflection (n.) An image given back from a reflecting surface; a reflected counterpart.

Reflection (n.) A part reflected, or turned back, at an angle; as, the reflection of a membrane.

Reflection (n.) Result of meditation; thought or opinion after attentive consideration or contemplation; especially, thoughts suggested by truth.

Reflection (n.) Censure; reproach cast.

Reflection (n.) The transference of an excitement from one nerve fiber to another by means of the nerve cells, as in reflex action. See Reflex action, under Reflex.

Reflector (n.) One who, or that which, reflects.

Reflector (n.) Something having a polished surface for reflecting light or heat, as a mirror, a speculum, etc.

Reflector (n.) A reflecting telescope.

Reflector (n.) A device for reflecting sound.

Reflex (n.) Reflection; the light reflected from an illuminated surface to one in shade.

Reflex (n.) An involuntary movement produced by reflex action.

Reflexibility (n.) The quality or capability of being reflexible; as, the reflexibility of the rays of light.

Reflexion (n.) See Reflection.

Reflexity (n.) The state or condition of being reflected.

Refloat (n.) Reflux; ebb.

Reflorescence (n.) A blossoming anew of a plant after it has apparently ceased blossoming for the season.

Refluctuation (n.) A flowing back; refluence.

Refluence (n.) Alt. of Refluency

Refluency (n.) The quality of being refluent; a flowing back.

Reflux (n.) A flowing back, as the return of a fluid; ebb; reaction; as, the flux and reflux of the tides.

Refocillation (n.) Restoration of strength by refreshment.

Reforestization (n.) The act or process of reforestizing.

Reforger (n.) One who reforges.

Reform (n.) Amendment of what is defective, vicious, corrupt, or depraved; reformation; as, reform of elections; reform of government.

Reformade (n.) A reformado.

Reformation (n.) The act of reforming, or the state of being reformed; change from worse to better; correction or amendment of life, manners, or of anything vicious or corrupt; as, the reformation of manners; reformation of the age; reformation of abuses.

Reformation (n.) Specifically (Eccl. Hist.), the important religious movement commenced by Luther early in the sixteenth century, which resulted in the formation of the various Protestant churches.

Re-formation (n.) The act of forming anew; a second forming in order; as, the reformation of a column of troops into a hollow square.

Reformatory (n.) An institution for promoting the reformation of offenders.

Reformer (n.) One who effects a reformation or amendment; one who labors for, or urges, reform; as, a reformer of manners, or of abuses.

Reformer (n.) One of those who commenced the reformation of religion in the sixteenth century, as Luther, Melanchthon, Zwingli, and Calvin.

Reformist (n.) A reformer.

Refortification (n.) A fortifying anew, or a second time.

Refossion (n.) The act of digging up again.

Refounder (n.) One who refounds.

Refract (n.) To bend sharply and abruptly back; to break off.

Refract (n.) To break the natural course of, as rays of light orr heat, when passing from one transparent medium to another of different density; to cause to deviate from a direct course by an action distinct from reflection; as, a dense medium refrcts the rays of light as they pass into it from a rare medium.

Refraction (n.) The act of refracting, or the state of being refracted.

Refraction (n.) The change in the direction of ray of light, heat, or the like, when it enters obliquely a medium of a different density from that through which it has previously moved.

Refraction (n.) The change in the direction of a ray of light, and, consequently, in the apparent position of a heavenly body from which it emanates, arising from its passage through the earth's atmosphere; -- hence distinguished as atmospheric refraction, or astronomical refraction.

Refraction (n.) The correction which is to be deducted from the apparent altitude of a heavenly body on account of atmospheric refraction, in order to obtain the true altitude.

Refractiveness (n.) The quality or condition of being refractive.

Refractometer (n.) A contrivance for exhibiting and measuring the refraction of light.

Refractor (n.) Anything that refracts

Refractor (n.) A refracting telescope, in which the image to be viewed is formed by the refraction of light in passing through a convex lens.

Refractoriness (n.) The quality or condition of being refractory.

Refractory (n.) A refractory person.

Refractory (n.) Refractoriness.

Refractory (n.) OPottery) A piece of ware covered with a vaporable flux and placed in a kiln, to communicate a glaze to the other articles.

Refracture (n.) A second breaking (as of a badly set bone) by the surgeon.

Refrainer (n.) One who refrains.

Refrainment (n.) Act of refraining.

Refrangibility (n.) The quality of being refrangible.

Refresh (n.) The act of refreshing.

Refresher (n.) One who, or that which, refreshes.

Refresher (n.) An extra fee paid to counsel in a case that has been adjourned from one term to another, or that is unusually protracted.

Refreshment (n.) The act of refreshing, or the state of being refreshed; restoration of strength, spirit, vigor, or live

Refreshment (n.) That which refreshes; means of restoration or reanimation; especially, an article of food or drink.

Refret (n.) Refrain.

Refrication (n.) A rubbing up afresh; a brightening.

Refrigerant (n.) That which makes to be cool or cold; specifically, a medicine or an application for allaying fever, or the symptoms of fever; -- used also figuratively.

Refrigeration (n.) The act or process of refrigerating or cooling, or the state of being cooled.

Refrigerative (n.) A refrigerant.

Refrigerator (n.) That which refrigerates or makes cold; that which keeps cool.

Refrigerator (n.) A box or room for keeping food or other articles cool, usually by means of ice.

Refrigerator (n.) An apparatus for rapidly cooling heated liquids or vapors, connected with a still, etc.

Refrigeratory (n.) That which refrigerates or cools.

Refrigeratory (n.) In distillation, a vessel filled with cold water, surrounding the worm, the vapor in which is thereby condensed.

Refrigeratory (n.) The chamber, or tank, in which ice is formed, in an ice machine.

Refrigerium (n.) Cooling refreshment; refrigeration.

Refringency (n.) The power possessed by a substance to refract a ray; as, different substances have different refringencies.

Reft (n.) A chink; a rift. See Rift.

Refuge (n.) Shelter or protection from danger or distress.

Refuge (n.) That which shelters or protects from danger, or from distress or calamity; a stronghold which protects by its strength, or a sanctuary which secures safety by its sacredness; a place inaccessible to an enemy.

Refuge (n.) An expedient to secure protection or defense; a device or contrivance.

Refugee (n.) One who flees to a shelter, or place of safety.

Refugee (n.) Especially, one who, in times of persecution or political commotion, flees to a foreign power or country for safety; as, the French refugees who left France after the revocation of the edict of Nantes.

Refulgence (n.) Alt. of Refulgency

Refulgency (n.) The quality of being refulgent; brilliancy; splender; radiance.

Refunder (n.) One who refunds.

Refundment (n.) The act of refunding; also, that which is refunded.

Refurnishment (n.) The act of refurnishing, or state of being refurnished.

Refusal (n.) The act of refusing; denial of anything demanded, solicited, or offered for acceptance.

Refusal (n.) The right of taking in preference to others; the choice of taking or refusing; option; as, to give one the refusal of a farm; to have the refusal of an employment.

Refuse (n.) Refusal.

Refuse (n.) That which is refused or rejected as useless; waste or worthless matter.

Refuser (n.) One who refuses or rejects.

Refusion (n.) New or repeated melting, as of metals.

Refusion (n.) Restoration.

Refut (n.) Refuge.

Refutability (n.) The quality of being refutable.

Refutal (n.) Act of refuting; refutation.

Refutation (n.) The act or process of refuting or disproving, or the state of being refuted; proof of falsehood or error; the overthrowing of an argument, opinion, testimony, doctrine, or theory, by argument or countervailing proof.

Refuter (n.) One who, or that which, refutes.

Regal (n.) A small portable organ, played with one hand, the bellows being worked with the other, -- used in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.

Regale (n.) A prerogative of royalty.

Regalement (n.) The act of regaling; anything which regales; refreshment; entertainment.

Regaler (n.) One who regales.

Regalia (n.) A kind of cigar of large size and superior quality; also, the size in which such cigars are classed.

Regalism (n.) The doctrine of royal prerogative or supremacy.

Regality (n.) Royalty; sovereignty; sovereign jurisdiction.

Regality (n.) An ensign or badge of royalty.

Regarder (n.) One who regards.

Regarder (n.) An officer appointed to supervise the forest.

Regatta (n.) Originally, a gondola race in Venice; now, a rowing or sailing race, or a series of such races.

Regel (n.) See Rigel.

Regelation (n.) The act or process of freezing anew, or together,as two pieces of ice.

Regence (n.) Rule.

Regeneracy (n.) The state of being regenerated.

Regenerateness (n.) The quality or state of being rgenerate.

Regeneration (n.) The act of regenerating, or the state of being regenerated.

Regeneration (n.) The entering into a new spiritual life; the act of becoming, or of being made, Christian; that change by which holy affectations and purposes are substituted for the opposite motives in the heart.

Regeneration (n.) The reproduction of a part which has been removed or destroyed; re-formation; -- a process especially characteristic of a many of the lower animals; as, the regeneration of lost feelers, limbs, and claws by spiders and crabs.

Regeneration (n.) The reproduction or renewal of tissues, cells, etc., which have been used up and destroyed by the ordinary processes of life; as, the continual regeneration of the epithelial cells of the body, or the regeneration of the contractile substance of muscle.

Regeneration (n.) The union of parts which have been severed, so that they become anatomically perfect; as, the regeneration of a nerve.

Regenerator (n.) One who, or that which, regenerates.

Regenerator (n.) A device used in connection with hot-air engines, gas-burning furnaces, etc., in which the incoming air or gas is heated by being brought into contact with masses of iron, brick, etc., which have been previously heated by the outgoing, or escaping, hot air or gas.

Regenesis (n.) New birth; renewal.

Regentess (n.) A female regent.

Regentship (n.) The office of a regent; regency.

Regermination (n.) A germinating again or anew.

Regest (n.) A register.

Regian (n.) An upholder of kingly authority; a royalist.

Regicide (n.) One who kills or who murders a king; specifically (Eng.Hist.), one of the judges who condemned Charles I. to death.

Regicide (n.) The killing or the murder of a king.

Regime (n.) Mode or system of rule or management; character of government, or of the prevailing social system.

Regime (n.) The condition of a river with respect to the rate of its flow, as measured by the volume of water passing different cross sections in a given time, uniform regime being the condition when the flow is equal and uniform at all the cross sections.

Regimen (n.) Orderly government; system of order; adminisration.

Regimen (n.) Any regulation or remedy which is intended to produce beneficial effects by gradual operation

Regimen (n.) a systematic course of diet, etc., pursed with a view to improving or preserving the health, or for the purpose of attaining some particular effect, as a reduction of flesh; -- sometimes used synonymously with hygiene.

Regimen (n.) A syntactical relation between words, as when one depends on another and is regulated by it in respect to case or mood; government.

Regimen (n.) The word or words governed.

Regiment (n.) Government; mode of ruling; rule; authority; regimen.

Regiment (n.) A region or district governed.

Regiment (n.) A body of men, either horse, foot, or artillery, commanded by a colonel, and consisting of a number of companies, usually ten.

Region (n.) One of the grand districts or quarters into which any space or surface, as of the earth or the heavens, is conceived of as divided; hence, in general, a portion of space or territory of indefinite extent; country; province; district; tract.

Region (n.) Tract, part, or space, lying about and including anything; neighborhood; vicinity; sphere.

Region (n.) The upper air; the sky; the heavens.

Region (n.) The inhabitants of a district.

Region (n.) Place; rank; station.

Register (n.) A written account or entry; an official or formal enumeration, description, or record; a memorial record; a list or roll; a schedule.

Register (n.) A record containing a list and description of the merchant vessels belonging to a port or customs district.

Register (n.) A certificate issued by the collector of customs of a port or district to the owner of a vessel, containing the description of a vessel, its name, ownership, and other material facts. It is kept on board the vessel, to be used as an evidence of nationality or as a muniment of title.

Register (n.) One who registers or records; a registrar; a recorder; especially, a public officer charged with the duty of recording certain transactions or events; as, a register of deeds.

Register (n.) That which registers or records.

Register (n.) A contrivance for automatically noting the performance of a machine or the rapidity of a process.

Register (n.) The part of a telegraphic apparatus which records automatically the message received.

Register (n.) A machine for registering automatically the number of persons passing through a gateway, fares taken, etc.; a telltale.

Register (n.) A lid, stopper, or sliding plate, in a furnace, stove, etc., for regulating the admission of air to the fuel; also, an arrangement containing dampers or shutters, as in the floor or wall of a room or passage, or in a chimney, for admitting or excluding heated air, or for regulating ventilation.

Register (n.) The inner part of the mold in which types are cast.

Register (n.) The correspondence of pages, columns, or

Register (n.) The correspondence or adjustment of the several impressions in a design which is printed in parts, as in chromolithographic printing, or in the manufacture of paper hangings. See Register, v. i. 2.

Register (n.) To enter in a register; to record formally and distinctly, as for future use or service.

Register (n.) To enroll; to enter in a list.

Registership (n.) The office of a register.

Registrant (n.) One who registers; esp., one who , by virtue of securing an official registration, obtains a certain right or title of possession, as to a trade-mark.

Registrar (n.) One who registers; a recorder; a keeper of records; as, a registrar of births, deaths, and marriages. See Register, n., 3.

Registrarship (n.) The office of a registrar.

Registrary (n.) A registrar.

Registry (n.) The act of recording or writing in a register; enrollment; registration.

Registry (n.) The place where a register is kept.

Registry (n.) A record; an account; a register.

Reglement (n.) Regulation.

Reglet (n.) A flat, narrow molding, used chiefly to separate the parts or members of compartments or panels from one another, or doubled, turned, and interlaced so as to form knots, frets, or other ornaments. See Illust. (12) of Column.

Reglet (n.) A strip of wood or metal of the height of a quadrat, used for regulating the space between pages in a chase, and also for spacing out title-pages and other open matter. It is graded to different sizes, and designated by the name of the type that it matches; as, nonpareil reglet, pica reglet, and the like.

Regma (n.) A kind of dry fruit, consisting of three or more cells, each which at length breaks open at the inner angle.

Regmacarp (n.) Any dry dehiscent fruit.

Regnancy (n.) The condition or quality of being regnant; sovereignty; rule.

Regrant (n.) The act of granting back to a former proprietor.

Regrant (n.) A renewed of a grant; as, the regrant of a monopoly.

Regrater (n.) One who regrates.

Regratery (n.) The act or practice of regrating.

Regratiatory (n.) A returning or giving of thanks.

Regrator (n.) One guilty of regrating.

Regredience (n.) A going back; a retrogression; a return.

Regreet (n.) A return or exchange of salutation.

Regress (n.) The act of passing back; passage back; return; retrogression. "The progress or regress of man".

Regress (n.) The power or liberty of passing back.

Regression (n.) The act of passing back or returning; retrogression; retrogradation.

Regrowth (n.) The act of regrowing; a second or new growth.

Regularity (n.) The condition or quality of being regular; as, regularity of out

Regularness (n.) Regularity.

Regulation (n.) The act of regulating, or the state of being regulated.

Regulation (n.) A rule or order prescribed for management or government; prescription; a regulating principle; a governing direction; precept; law; as, the regulations of a society or a school.

Regulator (n.) One who, or that which, regulates.

Regulator (n.) A contrivance for regulating and controlling motion, as: (a) The lever or index in a watch, which controls the effective length of the hairspring, and thus regulates the vibrations of the balance. (b) The governor of a steam engine. (c) A valve for controlling the admission of steam to the steam chest, in a locomotive.

Regulator (n.) A clock, or other timepiece, used as a standard of correct time. See Astronomical clock (a), under Clock.

Regulator (n.) A member of a volunteer committee which, in default of the lawful authority, undertakes to preserve order and prevent crimes; also, sometimes, one of a band organized for the comission of violent crimes.

Regulus (n.) A petty king; a ruler of little power or consequence.

Regulus (n.) The button, globule, or mass of metal, in a more or less impure state, which forms in the bottom of the crucible in smelting and reduction of ores.

Regulus (n.) A star of the first magnitude in the constellation Leo; -- called also the Lion's Heart.

Regurgitation (n.) The act of flowing or pouring back by the orifice of entrance

Regurgitation (n.) the reversal of the natural direction in which the current or contents flow through a tube or cavity of the body.

Regurgitation (n.) The act of swallowing again; reabsorption.

Rehabilitation (n.) The act of rehabilitating, or the state of being rehabilitated.

Rehash (n.) Something hashed over, or made up from old materials.

Rehearsal (n.) The act of rehearsing; recital; narration; repetition; specifically, a private recital, performance, or season of practice, in preparation for a public exhibition or exercise.

Rehearser (n.) One who rehearses.

Rehibition (n.) The returning of a thing purchased to the seller, on the ground of defect or frand.

Rei (n.) A portuguese money of account, in value about one tenth of a cent.

Reichsrath (n.) The parliament of Austria (exclusive of Hungary, which has its own diet, or parliament). It consists of an Upper and a Lower House, or a House of Lords and a House of Representatives.

Reichsstand (n.) A free city of the former German empire.

Reichstag (n.) The Diet, or House of Representatives, of the German empire, which is composed of members elected for a term of three years by the direct vote of the people. See Bundesrath.

Reif (n.) Robbery; spoil.

Reigle (n.) A hollow cut or channel for quiding anything; as, the reigle of a side post for a flood gate.

Reiglement (n.) Rule; regulation.

Reign (n.) Royal authority; supreme power; sovereignty; rule; dominion.

Reign (n.) The territory or sphere which is reigned over; kingdom; empire; realm; dominion.

Reign (n.) The time during which a king, queen, or emperor possesses the supreme authority; as, it happened in the reign of Elizabeth.

Reign (n.) To possess or exercise sovereign power or authority; to exercise government, as a king or emperor;; to hold supreme power; to rule.

Reign (n.) Hence, to be predominant; to prevail.

Reign (n.) To have superior or uncontrolled dominion; to rule.

Reigner (n.) One who reigns.

Reillumination (n.) The act or process of enlightening again.

Reim (n.) A strip of oxhide, deprived of hair, and rendered pliable, -- used for twisting into ropes, etc.

Reimbursement (n.) The act reimbursing.

Reimburser (n.) One who reimburses.

Reimportation (n.) The act of reimporting; also, that which is reimported.

Reimpression (n.) A second or repeated impression; a reprint.

Reimprisonment (n.) The act of reimprisoning, or the state of being reimprisoned.

Rein (n.) The strap of a bridle, fastened to the curb or snaffle on each side, by which the rider or driver governs the horse.

Rein (n.) Hence, an instrument or means of curbing, restraining, or governing; government; restraint.

Reindeer (n.) Any ruminant of the genus Rangifer, of the Deer family, found in the colder parts of both the Eastern and Western hemispheres, and having long irregularly branched antlers, with the brow tines palmate.

Reinette (n.) A name given to many different kinds of apples, mostly of French origin.

Reinforce (n.) See Reenforce, n.

Reinforcement (n.) See Reenforcement.

Reinsertion (n.) The act of reinserting.

Reinspection (n.) The act of reinspecting.

Reinstallment (n.) A renewed installment.

Reinstatement (n.) The act of reinstating; the state of being reinstated; re/stablishment.

Reinstation (n.) Reinstatement.

Reinsurance (n.) Insurance a second time or again; renewed insurance.

Reinsurance (n.) A contract by which an insurer is insured wholly or in part against the risk he has incurred in insuring somebody else. See Reassurance.

Reinsurer (n.) One who gives reinsurance.

Reintegration (n.) A renewing, or making whole again. See Redintegration.

Reinvestment (n.) The act of investing anew; a second or repeated investment.

Reis (n.) The word is used as a Portuguese designation of money of account, one hundred reis being about equal in value to eleven cents.

Reis (n.) A common title in the East for a person in authority, especially the captain of a ship.

Reissue (n.) A second or repeated issue.

Reit (n.) Sedge; seaweed.

Reiter (n.) A German cavalry soldier of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries.

Reiteration (n.) The act of reiterating; that which is reiterated.

Reiterative (n.) A word expressing repeated or reiterated action.

Reiterative (n.) A word formed from another, or used to form another, by repetition; as, dillydally.

Reiver (n.) See Reaver.

Rejecter (n.) One who rejects.

Rejection (n.) Act of rejecting, or state of being rejected.

Rejectment (n.) Act of rejecting; matter rejected, or thrown away.

Rejoice (n.) The act of rejoicing.

Rejoicement (n.) Rejoicing.

Rejoicer (n.) One who rejoices.

Rejoicing (n.) Joy; gladness; delight.

Rejoicing (n.) The expression of joy or gladness.

Rejoicing (n.) That which causes to rejoice; occasion of joy.

Rejoinder (n.) An answer to a reply; or, in general, an answer or reply.

Rejoinder (n.) The defendant's answer to the plaintiff's replication.

Rejoindure (n.) Act of joining again.

Rejolt (n.) A reacting jolt or shock; a rebound or recoil.

Rejournment (n.) Adjournment.

Rejuvenation (n.) Rejuvenescence.

Rejuvenescence (n.) A renewing of youth; the state of being or growing young again.

Rejuvenescence (n.) A method of cell formation in which the entire protoplasm of an old cell escapes by rupture of the cell wall, and then develops a new cell wall. It is seen sometimes in the formation of zoospores, etc.

Rejuvenescency (n.) Rejuvenescence.

Relais (n.) A narrow space between the foot of the rampart and the scarp of the ditch, serving to receive the earth that may crumble off or be washed down, and prevent its falling into the ditch.

Relapser (n.) One who relapses.

Relatedness (n.) The state or condition of being related; relationship; affinity.

Relater (n.) One who relates or narrates.

Relation (n.) The act of relating or telling; also, that which is related; recital; account; narration; narrative; as, the relation of historical events.

Relation (n.) The state of being related or of referring; what is apprehended as appertaining to a being or quality, by considering it in its bearing upon something else; relative quality or condition; the being such and such with regard or respect to some other thing; connection; as, the relation of experience to knowledge; the relation of master to servant.

Relation (n.) Reference; respect; regard.

Relation (n.) Connection by consanguinity or affinity; kinship; relationship; as, the relation of parents and children.

Relation (n.) A person connected by cosanguinity or affinity; a relative; a kinsman or kinswoman.

Relation (n.) The carrying back, and giving effect or operation to, an act or proceeding frrom some previous date or time, by a sort of fiction, as if it had happened or begun at that time. In such case the act is said to take effect by relation.

Relation (n.) The act of a relator at whose instance a suit is begun.

Relationist (n.) A relative; a relation.

Relationship (n.) The state of being related by kindred, affinity, or other alliance.

Relative (n.) One who, or that which, relates to, or is considered in its relation to, something else; a relative object or term; one of two object or term; one of two objects directly connected by any relation.

Relative (n.) A person connected by blood or affinity; strictly, one allied by blood; a relation; a kinsman or kinswoman.

Relative (n.) A relative pronoun; a word which relates to, or represents, another word or phrase, called its antecedent; as, the relatives "who", "which", "that".

Relativeness (n.) The state of being relative, or having relation; relativity.

Relativity (n.) The state of being relative; as, the relativity of a subject.

Relator (n.) One who relates; a relater.

Relator (n.) A private person at whose relation, or in whose behalf, the attorney-general allows an information in the nature of a quo warranto to be filed.

Relatrix (n.) A female relator.

Relax (n.) To make lax or loose; to make less close, firm, rigid, tense, or the like; to slacken; to loosen; to open; as, to relax a rope or cord; to relax the muscles or sinews.

Relax (n.) To make less severe or rigorous; to abate the stringency of; to remit in respect to strenuousness, earnestness, or effort; as, to relax discip

Relax (n.) Hence, to relieve from attention or effort; to ease; to recreate; to divert; as, amusement relaxes the mind.

Relax (n.) To relieve from constipation; to loosen; to open; as, an aperient relaxes the bowels.

Relax (n.) Relaxation.

Relaxant (n.) A medicine that relaxes; a laxative.

Relaxation (n.) The act or process of relaxing, or the state of being relaxed; as, relaxation of the muscles; relaxation of a law.

Relaxation (n.) Remission from attention and effort; indulgence in recreation, diversion, or amusement.

Relaxative (n.) A relaxant.

Relay (n.) A supply of anything arranged beforehand for affording relief from time to time, or at successive stages; provision for successive relief.

Relay (n.) A supply of horses placced at stations to be in readiness to relieve others, so that a trveler may proceed without delay.

Relay (n.) A supply of hunting dogs or horses kept in readiness at certain places to relive the tired dogs or horses, and to continue the pursuit of the game if it comes that way.

Relay (n.) A number of men who relieve others in carrying on some work.

Relay (n.) In various forms of telegraphic apparatus, a magnet which receives the circuit current, and is caused by it to bring into into action the power of a local battery for performing the work of making the record; also, a similar device by which the current in one circuit is made to open or close another circuit in which a current is passing.

Relbun (n.) The roots of the Chilian plant Calceolaria arachnoidea, -- used for dyeing crimson.

Release (n.) To let loose again; to set free from restraint, confinement, or servitude; to give liberty to, or to set at liberty; to let go.

Release (n.) To relieve from something that confines, burdens, or oppresses, as from pain, trouble, obligation, penalty.

Release (n.) To let go, as a legal claim; to discharge or relinquish a right to, as lands or tenements, by conveying to another who has some right or estate in possession, as when the person in remainder releases his right to the tenant in possession; to quit.

Release (n.) To loosen; to relax; to remove the obligation of; as, to release an ordinance.

Release (n.) The act of letting loose or freeing, or the state of being let loose or freed; liberation or discharge from restraint of any kind, as from confinement or bondage.

Release (n.) Relief from care, pain, or any burden.

Release (n.) Discharge from obligation or responsibility, as from debt, penalty, or claim of any kind; acquittance.

Release (n.) A giving up or relinquishment of some right or claim; a conveyance of a man's right in lands or tenements to another who has some estate in possession; a quitclaim.

Release (n.) The act of opening the exhaust port to allow the steam to escape.

Releasee (n.) One to whom a release is given.

Releasement (n.) The act of releasing, as from confinement or obligation.

Releaser (n.) One who releases, or sets free.

Releasor (n.) One by whom a release is given.

Relegation (n.) The act of relegating, or the state of being relegated; removal; banishment; exile.

Relent (n.) Stay; stop; delay.

Relentment (n.) The act or process of relenting; the state of having relented.

Relessee (n.) See Releasee.

Relessor (n.) See Releasor.

Relevance (n.) Alt. of Relevancy

Relevancy (n.) The quality or state of being relevant; pertinency; applicability.

Relevancy (n.) Sufficiency to infer the conclusion.

Relevation (n.) A raising or lifting up.

Reliability (n.) The state or quality of being reliable; reliableness.

Reliance (n.) The act of relying, or the condition or quality of being reliant; dependence; confidence; trust; repose of mind upon what is deemed sufficient support or authority.

Reliance (n.) Anything on which to rely; dependence; ground of trust; as, the boat was a poor reliance.

Relic (n.) That which remains; that which is left after loss or decay; a remaining portion; a remnant.

Relic (n.) The body from which the soul has departed; a corpse; especially, the body, or some part of the body, of a deceased saint or martyr; -- usually in the plural when referring to the whole body.

Relic (n.) Hence, a memorial; anything preserved in remembrance; as, relics of youthful days or friendships.

Relict (n.) A woman whose husband is dead; a widow.

Reliction (n.) A leaving dry; a recession of the sea or other water, leaving dry land; land left uncovered by such recession.

Relief (n.) The act of relieving, or the state of being relieved; the removal, or partial removal, of any evil, or of anything oppressive or burdensome, by which some ease is obtained; succor; alleviation; comfort; ease; redress.

Relief (n.) Release from a post, or from the performance of duty, by the intervention of others, by discharge, or by relay; as, a relief of a sentry.

Relief (n.) That which removes or lessens evil, pain, discomfort, uneasiness, etc.; that which gives succor, aid, or comfort; also, the person who relieves from performance of duty by taking the place of another; a relay.

Relief (n.) A fine or composition which the heir of a deceased tenant paid to the lord for the privilege of taking up the estate, which, on strict feudal principles, had lapsed or fallen to the lord on the death of the tenant.

Relief (n.) The projection of a figure above the ground or plane on which it is formed.

Relief (n.) The appearance of projection given by shading, shadow, etc., to any figure.

Relief (n.) The height to which works are raised above the bottom of the ditch.

Relief (n.) The elevations and surface undulations of a country.

Relier (n.) One who relies.

Relievement (n.) The act of relieving, or the state of being relieved; relief; release.

Reliever (n.) One who, or that which, relieves.

Relievo (n.) See Relief, n., 5.

Religion (n.) The outward act or form by which men indicate their recognition of the existence of a god or of gods having power over their destiny, to whom obedience, service, and honor are due; the feeling or expression of human love, fear, or awe of some superhuman and overruling power, whether by profession of belief, by observance of rites and ceremonies, or by the conduct of life; a system of faith and worship; a manifestation of piety; as, ethical religions; monotheistic religions; na>

Religion (n.) Specifically, conformity in faith and life to the precepts inculcated in the Bible, respecting the conduct of life and duty toward God and man; the Christian faith and practice.

Religion (n.) A monastic or religious order subject to a regulated mode of life; the religious state; as, to enter religion.

Religion (n.) Strictness of fidelity in conforming to any practice, as if it were an enjoined rule of conduct.

Religionary (n.) Alt. of Religioner

Religioner (n.) A religionist.

Religionism (n.) The practice of, or devotion to, religion.

Religionism (n.) Affectation or pretense of religion.

Religionist (n.) One earnestly devoted or attached to a religion; a religious zealot.

Religiosity (n.) The quality of being religious; religious feeling or sentiment; religiousness.

Religious (n.) A person bound by monastic vows, or sequestered from secular concern, and devoted to a life of piety and religion; a monk or friar; a nun.

Religiousness (n.) The quality of being religious.

Relik (n.) Relic.

Relinquent (n.) One who relinquishes.

Relinquisher (n.) One who relinquishes.

Relinquishment (n.) The act of relinquishing.

Reliquary (n.) A depositary, often a small box or casket, in which relics are kept.

Relique (n.) See Relic.

Reliquidation (n.) A second or renewed liquidation; a renewed adjustment.

Relish (n.) A pleasing taste; flavor that gratifies the palate; hence, enjoyable quality; power of pleasing.

Relish (n.) Savor; quality; characteristic tinge.

Relish (n.) A taste for; liking; appetite; fondness.

Relish (n.) That which is used to impart a flavor; specifically, something taken with food to render it more palatable or to stimulate the appetite; a condiment.

Relish (n.) The projection or shoulder at the side of, or around, a tenon, on a tenoned piece.

Reloan (n.) A second lending of the same thing; a renewal of a loan.

Relocation (n.) A second location.

Relocation (n.) Renewal of a lease.

Reluctance (n.) Alt. of Reluctancy

Reluctancy (n.) The state or quality of being reluctant; repugnance; aversion of mind; unwillingness; -- often followed by an infinitive, or by to and a noun, formerly sometimes by against.

Reluctation (n.) Repugnance; resistance; reluctance.

Remain (n.) State of remaining; stay.

Remain (n.) That which is left; relic; remainder; -- chiefly in the plural.

Remain (n.) That which is left of a human being after the life is gone; relics; a dead body.

Remain (n.) The posthumous works or productions, esp. literary works, of one who is dead; as, Cecil's

Remainder (n.) Anything that remains, or is left, after the separation and removal of a part; residue; remnant.

Remainder (n.) The quantity or sum that is left after subtraction, or after any deduction.

Remainder (n.) An estate in expectancy, generally in land, which becomes an estate in possession upon the determination of a particular prior estate, created at the same time, and by the same instrument; for example, if land be conveyed to A for life, and on his death to B, A's life interest is a particuar estate, and B's interest is a remainder, or estate in remainder.

Remainder-man (n.) One who has an estate after a particular estate is determined. See Remainder, n., 3.

Remand (n.) The act of remanding; the order for recommitment.

Remandment (n.) A remand.

Remanet (n.) A case for trial which can not be tried during the term; a postponed case.

Remark (n.) To mark in a notable manner; to distinquish clearly; to make noticeable or conspicuous; to piont out.

Remark (n.) To take notice of, or to observe, mentally; as, to remark the manner of a speaker.

Remark (n.) To express in words or writing, as observed or noticed; to state; to say; -- often with a substantive clause; as, he remarked that it was time to go.

Remark (n.) Act of remarking or attentively noticing; notice or observation.

Remark (n.) The expression, in speech or writing, of something remarked or noticed; the mention of that which is worthy of attention or notice; hence, also, a casual observation, comment, or statement; as, a pertinent remark.

Remarker (n.) One who remarks.

Remarriage (n.) A second or repeated marriage.

Remastication (n.) The act of masticating or chewing again or repeatedly.

Remberge (n.) See Ramberge.

Remblai (n.) Earth or materials made into a bank after having been excavated.

Reme (n.) Realm.

Remede (n.) Remedy.

Remedy (n.) That which relieves or cures a disease; any medicine or application which puts an end to disease and restores health; -- with for; as, a remedy for the gout.

Remedy (n.) That which corrects or counteracts an evil of any kind; a corrective; a counteractive; reparation; cure; -- followed by for or against, formerly by to.

Remedy (n.) The legal means to recover a right, or to obtain redress for a wrong.

Remedy (n.) To apply a remedy to; to relieve; to cure; to heal; to repair; to redress; to correct; to counteract.

Rememberer (n.) One who remembers.

Remembrance (n.) The act of remembering; a holding in mind, or bringing to mind; recollection.

Remembrance (n.) The state of being remembered, or held in mind; memory; recollection.

Remembrance (n.) Something remembered; a person or thing kept in memory.

Remembrance (n.) That which serves to keep in or bring to mind; a memorial; a token; a memento; a souvenir; a memorandum or note of something to be remembered.

Remembrance (n.) Something to be remembered; counsel; admoni//on; instruction.

Remembrance (n.) Power of remembering; reach of personal knowledge; period over which one's memory extends.

Remembrancer (n.) One who, or that which, serves to bring to, or keep in, mind; a memento; a memorial; a reminder.

Remembrancer (n.) A term applied in England to several officers, having various functions, their duty originally being to bring certain matters to the attention of the proper persons at the proper time.

Rememoration (n.) A recalling by the faculty of memory; remembrance.

Remenant (n.) A remnant.

Remigration (n.) Migration back to the place from which one came.

Reminder (n.) One who, or that which, reminds; that which serves to awaken remembrance.

Reminiscence (n.) The act or power of recalling past experience; the state of being reminiscent; remembrance; memory.

Reminiscence (n.) That which is remembered, or recalled to mind; a statement or narration of remembered experience; a recollection; as, pleasing or painful reminiscences.

Reminiscency (n.) Reminiscence.

Reminiscent (n.) One who is addicted to indulging, narrating, or recording reminiscences.

Remiped (n.) An animal having limbs like oars, especially one of certain crustaceans.

Remiped (n.) One of a group of aquatic beetles having tarsi adapted for swimming. See Water beetle.

Remise (n.) A giving or granting back; surrender; return; release, as of a claim.

Remiss (n.) The act of being remiss; inefficiency; failure.

Remissibility (n.) The state or quality of being remissible.

Remission (n.) The act of remitting, surrendering, resigning, or giving up.

Remission (n.) Discharge from that which is due; relinquishment of a claim, right, or obligation; pardon of transgression; release from forfeiture, penalty, debt, etc.

Remission (n.) Diminution of intensity; abatement; relaxation.

Remission (n.) A temporary and incomplete subsidence of the force or violence of a disease or of pain, as destinguished from intermission, in which the disease completely leaves the patient for a time; abatement.

Remission (n.) The act of sending back.

Remission (n.) Act of sending in payment, as money; remittance.

Remissness (n.) Quality or state of being remiss.

Remitment (n.) The act of remitting, or the state of being remitted; remission.

Remittal (n.) A remitting; a giving up; surrender; as, the remittal of the first fruits.

Remittance (n.) The act of transmitting money, bills, or the like, esp. to a distant place, as in satisfaction of a demand, or in discharge of an obligation.

Remittance (n.) The sum or thing remitted.

Remittee (n.) One to whom a remittance is sent.

Remitter (n.) One who remits.

Remitter (n.) One who pardons.

Remitter (n.) One who makes remittance.

Remitter (n.) The sending or placing back of a person to a title or right he had before; the restitution of one who obtains possession of property under a defective title, to his rights under some valid title by virtue of which he might legally have entered into possession only by suit.

Remittitur (n.) A remission or surrender, -- remittitur damnut being a remission of excess of damages.

Remittitur (n.) A sending back, as when a record is remitted by a superior to an inferior court.

Remittor (n.) One who makes a remittance; a remitter.

Remodification (n.) The act of remodifying; the state of being remodified.

Remolade (n.) Alt. of Remoulad

Remoulad (n.) A kind of piquant sauce or salad dressing resembling mayonnaise.

Remonetization (n.) The act of remonetizing.

Remonstrance (n.) The act of remonstrating

Remonstrance (n.) A pointing out; manifestation; proof; demonstration.

Remonstrance (n.) Earnest presentation of reason in opposition to something; protest; expostulation.

Remonstrance (n.) Same as Monstrance.

Remonstrant (n.) One who remonstrates

Remonstrant (n.) one of the Arminians who remonstrated against the attacks of the Calvinists in 1610, but were subsequently condemned by the decisions of the Synod of Dort in 1618. See Arminian.

Remonstration (n.) The act of remonstrating; remonstrance.

Remonstrator (n.) One who remonstrates; a remonsrant.

Remontoir (n.) See under Escapement.

Remora (n.) Delay; obstacle; hindrance.

Remora (n.) Any one of several species of fishes belonging to Echeneis, Remora, and allied genera. Called also sucking fish.

Remora (n.) An instrument formerly in use, intended to retain parts in their places.

Remordency (n.) Remorse; compunction; compassion.

Remorse (n.) The anguish, like gnawing pain, excited by a sense of guilt; compunction of conscience for a crime committed, or for the sins of one's past life.

Remorse (n.) Sympathetic sorrow; pity; compassion.

Remotion (n.) The act of removing; removal.

Remotion (n.) The state of being remote; remoteness.

Remount (n.) The opportunity of, or things necessary for, remounting; specifically, a fresh horse, with his equipments; as, to give one a remount.

Removal (n.) The act of removing, or the state of being removed.

Remove (n.) The act of removing; a removal.

Remove (n.) The transfer of one's business, or of one's domestic belongings, from one location or dwelling house to another; -- in the United States usually called a move.

Remove (n.) The state of being removed.

Remove (n.) That which is removed, as a dish removed from table to make room for something else.

Remove (n.) The distance or space through which anything is removed; interval; distance; stage; hence, a step or degree in any scale of gradation; specifically, a division in an English public school; as, the boy went up two removes last year.

Remove (n.) The act of resetting a horse's shoe.

Remover (n.) One who removes; as, a remover of landmarks.

Remuneration (n.) The act of remunerating.

Remuneration (n.) That which is given to remunerate; an equivalent given, as for services, loss, or sufferings.

Ren (n.) A run.

Renaissance (n.) A new birth, or revival.

Renaissance (n.) The transitional movement in Europe, marked by the revival of classical learning and art in Italy in the 15th century, and the similar revival following in other countries.

Renaissance (n.) The style of art which prevailed at this epoch.

Renard (n.) A fox; -- so called in fables or familiar tales, and in poetry.

Renascence (n.) The state of being renascent.

Renascence (n.) Same as Renaissance.

Renascency (n.) State of being renascent.

Rencontre (n.) Same as Rencounter, n.

Rencounter (n.) A meeting of two persons or bodies; a collision; especially, a meeting in opposition or contest; a combat, action, or engagement.

Rencounter (n.) A causal combat or action; a sudden contest or fight without premeditation, as between individuals or small parties.

Render (n.) One who rends.

Render (n.) A surrender.

Render (n.) A return; a payment of rent.

Render (n.) An account given; a statement.

Renderer (n.) One who renders.

Renderer (n.) A vessel in which lard or tallow, etc., is rendered.

Rendering (n.) The act of one who renders, or that which is rendered.

Rendering (n.) A version; translation; as, the rendering of the Hebrew text.

Rendering (n.) In art, the presentation, expression, or interpretation of an idea, theme, or part.

Rendering (n.) The act of laying the first coat of plaster on brickwork or stonework.

Rendering (n.) The coat of plaster thus laid on.

Rendering (n.) The process of trying out or extracting lard, tallow, etc., from animal fat.

Rendezvous (n.) A place appointed for a meeting, or at which persons customarily meet.

Rendezvous (n.) Especially, the appointed place for troops, or for the ships of a fleet, to assemble; also, a place for enlistment.

Rendezvous (n.) A meeting by appointment.

Rendezvous (n.) Retreat; refuge.

Rendition (n.) The act of rendering; especially, the act of surrender, as of fugitives from justice, at the claim of a foreign government; also, surrender in war.

Rendition (n.) Translation; rendering; version.

Rendrock (n.) A kind of dynamite used in blasting.

Renegade (n.) One faithless to principle or party.

Renegade (n.) An apostate from Christianity or from any form of religious faith.

Renegade (n.) One who deserts from a military or naval post; a deserter.

Renegade (n.) A common vagabond; a worthless or wicked fellow.

Renegado (n.) See Renegade.

Renegat (n.) A renegade.

Renegation (n.) A denial.

Renewability (n.) The quality or state of being renewable.

Renewal (n.) The act of renewing, or the state of being renewed; as, the renewal of a treaty.

Renewedness (n.) The state of being renewed.

Renewer (n.) One who, or that which, renews.

Reng (n.) A rank; a row.

Reng (n.) A rung or round of a ladder.

Renidification (n.) The act of rebuilding a nest.

Renitence (n.) Alt. of Renitency

Renitency (n.) The state or quality of being renitent; resistance; reluctance.

Renner (n.) A runner.

Rennet (n.) A name of many different kinds of apples. Cf. Reinette.

Renneting (n.) Same as 1st Rennet.

Rennin (n.) A milk-clotting enzyme obtained from the true stomach (abomasum) of a suckling calf. Mol. wt. about 31,000. Also called chymosin, rennase, and abomasal enzyme.

Renning (n.) See 2d Rennet.

Renomee (n.) Renown.

Renounce (n.) Act of renouncing.

Renouncement (n.) The act of disclaiming or rejecting; renunciation.

Renouncer (n.) One who renounces.

Renovation (n.) The act or process of renovating; the state of being renovated or renewed.

Renovator (n.) One who, or that which, renovates.

Renovelance (n.) Renewal.

Renowme (n.) Renown.

Renowner (n.) One who gives renown.

Rensselaerite (n.) A soft, compact variety of talc,, being an altered pyroxene. It is often worked in a lathe into inkstands and other articles.

Rent (n.) An opening made by rending; a break or breach made by force; a tear.

Rent (n.) Figuratively, a schism; a rupture of harmony; a separation; as, a rent in the church.

Rent (n.) Income; revenue. See Catel.

Rent (n.) Pay; reward; share; toll.

Rent (n.) A certain periodical profit, whether in money, provisions, chattels, or labor, issuing out of lands and tenements in payment for the use; commonly, a certain pecuniary sum agreed upon between a tenant and his landlord, paid at fixed intervals by the lessee to the lessor, for the use of land or its appendages; as, rent for a farm, a house, a park, etc.

Rent (n.) To grant the possession and enjoyment of, for a rent; to lease; as, the owwner of an estate or house rents it.

Rent (n.) To take and hold under an agreement to pay rent; as, the tennant rents an estate of the owner.

Rentage (n.) Rent.

Rental (n.) A schedule, account, or list of rents, with the names of the tenants, etc.; a rent roll.

Rental (n.) A sum total of rents; as, an estate that yields a rental of ten thousand dollars a year.

Rente (n.) In France, interest payable by government on indebtedness; the bonds, shares, stocks, etc., which represent government indebtedness.

Renter (n.) One who rents or leases an estate; -- usually said of a lessee or tenant.

Renterer (n.) One who renters.

Rentier (n.) One who has a fixed income, as from lands, stocks, or the like.

Renunciation (n.) The act of renouncing.

Renunciation (n.) Formal declination to take out letters of administration, or to assume an office, privilege, or right.

Renversement (n.) A reversing.

Renvoy (n.) A sending back.

Reometer (n.) Same as Rheometer.

Reordination (n.) A second ordination.

Reorganization (n.) The act of reorganizing; a reorganized existence; as, reorganization of the troops.

Reostat (n.) See Rheostat.

Reotrope (n.) See Rheotrope.

Rep (n.) A fabric made of silk or wool, or of silk and wool, and having a transversely corded or ribbed surface.

Repacker (n.) One who repacks.

Repair (n.) The act of repairing or resorting to a place.

Repair (n.) Place to which one repairs; a haunt; a resort.

Repair (n.) Restoration to a sound or good state after decay, waste, injury, or partial restruction; supply of loss; reparation; as, materials are collected for the repair of a church or of a city.

Repair (n.) Condition with respect to soundness, perfectness, etc.; as, a house in good, or bad, repair; the book is out of repair.

Repairer (n.) One who, or that which, repairs, restores, or makes amends.

Repairment (n.) Act of repairing.

Reparability (n.) The quality or state of being reparable.

Reparation (n.) The act of renewing, restoring, etc., or the state of being renewed or repaired; as, the reparation of a bridge or of a highway; -- in this sense, repair is oftener used.

Reparation (n.) The act of making amends or giving satisfaction or compensation for a wrong, injury, etc.; also, the thing done or given; amends; satisfaction; indemnity.

Reparative (n.) That which repairs.

Reparel (n.) A change of apparel; a second or different suit.

Repartee (n.) A smart, ready, and witty reply.

Repartimiento (n.) A partition or distribution, especially of slaves; also, an assessment of taxes.

Repartotion (n.) Another, or an additional, separation into parts.

Repassage (n.) The act of repassing; passage back.

Repast (n.) The act of taking food.

Repast (n.) That which is taken as food; a meal; figuratively, any refreshment.

Repaster (n.) One who takes a repast.

Repasture (n.) Food; entertainment.

Repatriation (n.) Restoration to one's country.

Repayment (n.) The act of repaying; reimbursement.

Repayment (n.) The money or other thing repaid.

Repeal (n.) Recall, as from exile.

Repeal (n.) Revocation; abrogation; as, the repeal of a statute; the repeal of a law or a usage.

Repealability (n.) The quality or state of being repealable.

Repealer (n.) One who repeals; one who seeks a repeal; specifically, an advocate for the repeal of the Articles of Union between Great Britain and Ireland.

Repealment (n.) Recall, as from banishment.

Repeat (n.) The act of repeating; repetition.

Repeat (n.) That which is repeated; as, the repeat of a pattern; that is, the repetition of the engraved figure on a roller by which an impression is produced (as in calico printing, etc.).

Repeat (n.) A mark, or series of dots, placed before and after, or often only at the end of, a passage to be repeated in performance.

Repeater (n.) One who, or that which, repeats.

Repeater (n.) A watch with a striking apparatus which, upon pressure of a spring, will indicate the time, usually in hours and quarters.

Repeater (n.) A repeating firearm.

Repeater (n.) An instrument for resending a telegraphic message automatically at an intermediate point.

Repeater (n.) A person who votes more than once at an election.

Repeater (n.) See Circulating decimal, under Decimal.

Repeater (n.) A pennant used to indicate that a certain flag in a hoist of signal is duplicated.

Repedation (n.) A stepping or going back.

Repellence (n.) Alt. of Repellency

Repellency (n.) The principle of repulsion; the quality or capacity of repelling; repulsion.

Repellent (n.) That which repels.

Repellent (n.) A remedy to repel from a tumefied part the fluids which render it tumid.

Repellent (n.) A kind of waterproof cloth.

Repeller (n.) One who, or that which, repels.

Repentance (n.) The act of repenting, or the state of being penitent; sorrow for what one has done or omitted to do; especially, contrition for sin.

Repentant (n.) One who repents, especially one who repents of sin; a penitent.

Repenter (n.) One who repents.

Reperception (n.) The act of perceiving again; a repeated perception of the same object.

Repercussion (n.) The act of driving back, or the state of being driven back; reflection; reverberation; as, the repercussion of sound.

Repercussion (n.) Rapid reiteration of the same sound.

Repercussion (n.) The subsidence of a tumor or eruption by the action of a repellent.

Repercussion (n.) In a vaginal examination, the act of imparting through the uterine wall with the finger a shock to the fetus, so that it bounds upward, and falls back again against the examining finger.

Repercussive (n.) A repellent.

Repertoire (n.) A list of dramas, operas, pieces, parts, etc., which a company or a person has rehearsed and is prepared to perform.

Repertory (n.) A place in which things are disposed in an orderly manner, so that they can be easily found, as the index of a book, a commonplace book, or the like.

Repertory (n.) A treasury; a magazine; a storehouse.

Repertory (n.) Same as Repertoire.

Reperusal (n.) A second or repeated perusal.

Repetend (n.) That part of a circulating decimal which recurs continually, ad infinitum: -- sometimes indicated by a dot over the first and last figures; thus, in the circulating decimal .728328328 + (otherwise .7/8/), the repetend is 283.

Repetition (n.) The act of repeating; a doing or saying again; iteration.

Repetition (n.) Recital from memory; rehearsal.

Repetition (n.) The act of repeating, singing, or playing, the same piece or part a second time; reiteration of a note.

Repetition (n.) Reiteration, or repeating the same word, or the same sense in different words, for the purpose of making a deeper impression on the audience.

Repetition (n.) The measurement of an angle by successive observations with a repeating instrument.

Repetitioner (n.) One who repeats.

Repetitor (n.) A private instructor.

Repine (n.) Vexation; mortification.

Repiner (n.) One who repines.

Repkie (n.) Any edible sea urchin.

Replaceability (n.) The quality, state, or degree of being replaceable.

Replacement (n.) The act of replacing.

Replacement (n.) The removal of an edge or an angle by one or more planes.

Replantation (n.) The act of planting again; a replanting.

Repleader (n.) A second pleading, or course of pleadings; also, the right of pleading again.

Replenisher (n.) One who replenishes.

Replenishment (n.) The act of replenishing, or the state of being replenished.

Replenishment (n.) That which replenishes; supply.

Repleteness (n.) The state of being replete.

Repletion (n.) The state of being replete; superabundant fullness.

Repletion (n.) Fullness of blood; plethora.

Replevin (n.) A personal action which lies to recover possession of goods and chattle wrongfully taken or detained. Originally, it was a remedy peculiar to cases for wrongful distress, but it may generally now be brought in all cases of wrongful taking or detention.

Replevin (n.) The writ by which goods and chattels are replevied.

Replevy (n.) Replevin.

Replicant (n.) One who replies.

Replication (n.) An answer; a reply.

Replication (n.) The reply of the plaintiff, in matters of fact, to the defendant's plea.

Replication (n.) Return or repercussion, as of sound; echo.

Replication (n.) A repetition; a copy.

Replier (n.) One who replies.

Replum (n.) The framework of some pods, as the cress, which remains after the valves drop off.

Replyer (n.) See Replier.

Repopulation (n.) The act of repeopling; act of furnishing with a population anew.

Reportage (n.) SAme as Report.

Reporter (n.) One who reports.

Reporter (n.) An officer or person who makes authorized statements of law proceedings and decisions, or of legislative debates.

Reporter (n.) One who reports speeches, the proceedings of public meetings, news, etc., for the newspapers.

Reposal (n.) The act or state of reposing; as, the reposal of a trust.

Reposal (n.) That on which one reposes.

Reposance (n.) Reliance.

Reposer (n.) One who reposes.

Reposition (n.) The act of repositing; a laying up.

Repositor (n.) An instrument employed for replacing a displaced organ or part.

Repository (n.) A place where things are or may be reposited, or laid up, for safety or preservation; a depository.

Repossession (n.) The act or the state of possessing again.

Reposure (n.) Rest; quiet.

Repousse (n.) Repousse work.

Reprefe (n.) Reproof.

Reprehender (n.) One who reprehends.

Reprehension (n.) Reproof; censure; blame; disapproval.

Representance (n.) Representation; likeness.

Representant (n.) A representative.

Representation (n.) The act of representing, in any sense of the verb.

Representation (n.) That which represents.

Representation (n.) A likeness, a picture, or a model; as, a representation of the human face, or figure, and the like.

Representation (n.) A dramatic performance; as, a theatrical representation; a representation of Hamlet.

Representation (n.) A description or statement; as, the representation of an historian, of a witness, or an advocate.

Representation (n.) The body of those who act as representatives of a community or society; as, the representation of a State in Congress.

Representation (n.) Any collateral statement of fact, made orally or in writing, by which an estimate of the risk is affected, or either party is influenced.

Representation (n.) The state of being represented.

Re-presentation (n.) The act of re-presenting, or the state of being presented again; a new presentation; as, re-presentation of facts previously stated.

Representative (n.) One who, or that which, represents (anything); that which exhibits a likeness or similitude.

Representative (n.) An agent, deputy, or substitute, who supplies the place of another, or others, being invested with his or their authority.

Representative (n.) One who represents, or stands in the place of, another.

Representative (n.) A member of the lower or popular house in a State legislature, or in the national Congress.

Representative (n.) That which presents the full character of the type of a group.

Representative (n.) A species or variety which, in any region, takes the place of a similar one in another region.

Representativeness (n.) The quality or state of being representative.

Representer (n.) One who shows, exhibits, or describes.

Representer (n.) A representative.

Representment (n.) Representation.

Repress (n.) The act of repressing.

Represser (n.) One who, or that which, represses.

Repression (n.) The act of repressing, or state of being repressed; as, the repression of evil and evil doers.

Repression (n.) That which represses; check; restraint.

Repreve (n.) Reproof.

Repriefe (n.) Repreve.

Reprieval (n.) Reprieve.

Reprieve (n.) A temporary suspension of the execution of a sentence, especially of a sentence of death.

Reprieve (n.) Interval of ease or relief; respite.

Reprimand (n.) Severe or formal reproof; reprehension, private or public.

Reprimand (n.) To reprove severely; to reprehend; to chide for a fault; to consure formally.

Reprimand (n.) To reprove publicly and officially, in execution of a sentence; as, the court ordered him to be reprimanded.

Reprimander (n.) One who reprimands.

Reprimer (n.) A machine or implement for applying fresh primers to spent cartridge shells, so that the shells be used again.

Reprint (n.) A second or a new impression or edition of any printed work; specifically, the publication in one country of a work previously published in another.

Reprinter (n.) One who reprints.

Reprisal (n.) The act of taking from an enemy by way of reteliation or indemnity.

Reprisal (n.) Anything taken from an enemy in retaliation.

Reprisal (n.) The act of retorting on an enemy by inflicting suffering or death on a prisoner taken from him, in retaliation for an act of inhumanity.

Reprisal (n.) Any act of retaliation.

Reprise (n.) A taking by way of retaliation.

Reprise (n.) Deductions and duties paid yearly out of a manor and lands, as rent charge, rent seck, pensions, annuities, and the like.

Reprise (n.) A ship recaptured from an enemy or from a pirate.

Repristination (n.) Restoration to an original state; renewal of purity.

Reproacher (n.) One who reproaches.

Reprobacy (n.) Reprobation.

Reprobance (n.) Reprobation.

Reprobate (n.) One morally abandoned and lost.

Reprobateness (n.) The state of being reprobate.

Reprobater (n.) One who reprobates.

Reprobation (n.) The act of reprobating; the state of being reprobated; strong disapproval or censure.

Reprobation (n.) The predestination of a certain number of the human race as reprobates, or objects of condemnation and punishment.

Reprobationer (n.) One who believes in reprobation. See Reprobation, 2.

Reproducer (n.) One who, or that which, reproduces.

Reproduction (n.) The act or process of reproducing; the state of being reproduced

Reproduction (n.) the process by which plants and animals give rise to offspring.

Reproduction (n.) That which is reproduced.

Reproof (n.) Refutation; confutation; contradiction.

Reproof (n.) An expression of blame or censure; especially, blame expressed to the face; censure for a fault; chiding; reproach.

Re proval (n.) Reproof.

Reprover (n.) One who, or that which, reproves.

Rep-silver (n.) Money anciently paid by servile tenants to their lord, in lieu of the customary service of reaping his corn or grain.

Reptation (n.) The act of creeping.

Reptile (n.) An animal that crawls, or moves on its belly, as snakes,, or by means of small, short legs, as lizards, and the like.

Reptile (n.) One of the Reptilia, or one of the Amphibia.

Reptile (n.) A groveling or very mean person.

Reptilian (n.) One of the Reptilia; a reptile.

Republican (n.) One who favors or prefers a republican form of government.

Republican (n.) A member of the Republican party.

Republican (n.) The American cliff swallow. The cliff swallows build their nests side by side, many together.

Republican (n.) A South African weaver bird (Philetaerus socius). These weaver birds build many nests together, under a large rooflike shelter, which they make of straw.

Republicanism (n.) A republican form or system of government; the principles or theory of republican government.

Republicanism (n.) Attachment to, or political sympathy for, a republican form of government.

Republicanism (n.) The principles and policy of the Republican party, so called

Republication (n.) A second publication, or a new publication of something before published, as of a former will, of a volume already published, or the like; specifically, the publication in one country of a work first issued in another; a reprint.

Republisher (n.) One who republishes.

Repudiation (n.) The act of repudiating, or the state of being repuddiated; as, the repudiation of a doctrine, a wife, a debt, etc.

Repudiation (n.) One who favors repudiation, especially of a public debt.

Repudiator (n.) One who repudiates.

Repugnance (n.) Alt. of Repugnancy

Repugnancy (n.) The state or condition of being repugnant; opposition; contrariety; especially, a strong instinctive antagonism; aversion; reluctance; unwillingness, as of mind, passions, principles, qualities, and the like.

Repugner (n.) One who repugns.

Repullulation (n.) The act of budding again; the state of having budded again.

Repulse (n.) The act of repelling or driving back; also, the state of being repelled or driven back.

Repulse (n.) Figuratively: Refusal; denial; rejection; failure.

Repulser (n.) One who repulses, or drives back.

Repulsion (n.) The act of repulsing or repelling, or the state of being repulsed or repelled.

Repulsion (n.) A feeling of violent offence or disgust; repugnance.

Repulsion (n.) The power, either inherent or due to some physical action, by which bodies, or the particles of bodies, are made to recede from each other, or to resist each other's nearer approach; as, molecular repulsion; electrical repulsion.

Repurchase (n.) The act of repurchasing.

Repute (n.) Character reputed or attributed; reputation, whether good or bad; established opinion; public estimate.

Repute (n.) Specifically: Good character or reputation; credit or honor derived from common or public opinion; -- opposed to disrepute.

Request (n.) The act of asking for anything desired; expression of desire or demand; solicitation; prayer; petition; entreaty.

Request (n.) That which is asked for or requested.

Request (n.) A state of being desired or held in such estimation as to be sought after or asked for; demand.

Requester (n.) One who requests; a petitioner.

Requiem (n.) A mass said or sung for the repose of a departed soul.

Requiem (n.) Any grand musical composition, performed in honor of a deceased person.

Requiem (n.) Rest; quiet; peace.

Requietory (n.) A sepulcher.

Requin (n.) The man-eater, or white shark (Carcharodon carcharias); -- so called on account of its causing requiems to be sung.

Requirement (n.) The act of requiring; demand; requisition.

Requirement (n.) That which is required; an imperative or authoritative command; an essential condition; something needed or necessary; a need.

Requirer (n.) One who requires.

Requisite (n.) That which is required, or is necessary; something indispensable.

Requisition (n.) The act of requiring, as of right; a demand or application made as by authority.

Requisition (n.) A formal demand made by one state or government upon another for the surrender or extradition of a fugitive from justice.

Requisition (n.) A notarial demand of a debt.

Requisition (n.) A demand by the invader upon the people of an invaded country for supplies, as of provision, forage, transportation, etc.

Requisition (n.) A formal application by one officer to another for things needed in the public service; as, a requisition for clothing, troops, or money.

Requisition (n.) That which is required by authority; especially, a quota of supplies or necessaries.

Requisition (n.) A written or normal call; an invitation; a summons; as, a reqisition for a public meeting.

Requisitionist (n.) One who makes or signs a requisition.

Requisitive (n.) One who, or that which, makes requisition; a requisitionist.

Requisitor (n.) One who makes reqisition; esp., one authorized by a requisition to investigate facts.

Requital (n.) The act of requiting; also, that which requites; return, good or bad, for anything done; in a good sense, compensation; recompense; as, the requital of services; in a bad sense, retaliation, or punishment; as, the requital of evil deeds.

Requitement (n.) Requital

Requiter (n.) One who requites.

Rerebrace (n.) Armor for the upper part of the arm.

Reredemain (n.) A backward stroke.

Reredos (n.) A screen or partition wall behind an altar.

Reredos (n.) The back of a fireplace.

Reredos (n.) The open hearth, upon which fires were lighted, immediately under the louver, in the center of ancient halls.

Rerefief (n.) A fief held of a superior feudatory; a fief held by an under tenant.

Reremouse (n.) A rearmouse.

Rereward (n.) The rear guard of an army.

Res (n.) A thing; the particular thing; a matter; a point.

Resale (n.) A sale at second hand, or at retail; also, a second sale.

Resalgar (n.) Realgar.

Rescat (n.) Ransom; release.

Rescindment (n.) The act of rescinding; rescission.

Rescission (n.) The act of rescinding, abrogating, annulling, or vacating; as, the rescission of a law, decree, or judgment.

Rescous (n.) Rescue; deliverance.

Rescous (n.) See Rescue, 2.

Rescription (n.) A writing back; the answering of a letter.

Rescuer (n.) One who rescues.

Rescussee (n.) The party in whose favor a rescue is made.

Rescussor (n.) One who makes an unlawful rescue; a rescuer.

Research (n.) Diligent inquiry or examination in seeking facts or principles; laborious or continued search after truth; as, researches of human wisdom.

Researcher (n.) One who researches.

Resection (n.) The act of cutting or paring off.

Resection (n.) The removal of the articular extremity of a bone, or of the ends of the bones in a false articulation.

Reseda (n.) A genus of plants, the type of which is mignonette.

Reseda (n.) A grayish green color, like that of the flowers of mignonette.

Reseizer (n.) One who seizes again.

Reseizer (n.) The taking of lands into the hands of the king where a general livery, or oustre le main, was formerly mis-sued, contrary to the form and order of law.

Reseizure (n.) A second seizure; the act of seizing again.

Resemblance (n.) The quality or state of resembling; likeness; similitude; similarity.

Resemblance (n.) That which resembles, or is similar; a representation; a likeness.

Resemblance (n.) A comparison; a simile.

Resemblance (n.) Probability; verisimilitude.

Resembler (n.) One who resembles.

Resenter (n.) One who resents.

Resentiment (n.) Resentment.

Resentment (n.) The act of resenting.

Resentment (n.) The state of holding something in the mind as a subject of contemplation, or of being inc

Resentment (n.) In a good sense, satisfaction; gratitude.

Resentment (n.) In a bad sense, strong displeasure; anger; hostility provoked by a wrong or injury experienced.

Reservance (n.) Reservation.

Reservation (n.) The act of reserving, or keeping back; concealment, or withholding from disclosure; reserve.

Reservation (n.) Something withheld, either not expressed or disclosed, or not given up or brought forward.

Reservation (n.) A tract of the public land reserved for some special use, as for schools, for the use of Indians, etc.

Reservation (n.) The state of being reserved, or kept in store.

Reservation (n.) A clause in an instrument by which some new thing is reserved out of the thing granted, and not in esse before.

Reservation (n.) A proviso.

Reservation (n.) The portion of the sacramental elements reserved for purposes of devotion and for the communion of the absent and sick.

Reservation (n.) A term of canon law, which signifies that the pope reserves to himself appointment to certain benefices.

Reserve (n.) The act of reserving, or keeping back; reservation.

Reserve (n.) That which is reserved, or kept back, as for future use.

Reserve (n.) That which is excepted; exception.

Reserve (n.) Restraint of freedom in words or actions; backwardness; caution in personal behavior.

Reserve (n.) A tract of land reserved, or set apart, for a particular purpose; as, the Connecticut Reserve in Ohio, originally set apart for the school fund of Connecticut; the Clergy Reserves in Canada, for the support of the clergy.

Reserve (n.) A body of troops in the rear of an army drawn up for battle, reserved to support the other

Reserve (n.) Funds kept on hand to meet liabilities.

Reservee (n.) One to, or for, whom anything is reserved; -- contrasted with reservor.

Reserver (n.) One who reserves.

Reservist (n.) A member of a reserve force of soldiers or militia.

Reservoir (n.) A place where anything is kept in store; especially, a place where water is collected and kept for use when wanted, as to supply a fountain, a canal, or a city by means of aqueducts, or to drive a mill wheel, or the like.

Reservoir (n.) A small intercellular space, often containing resin, essential oil, or some other secreted matter.

Reservor (n.) One who reserves; a reserver.

Reset (n.) The act of resetting.

Reset (n.) That which is reset; matter set up again.

Reset (n.) The receiving of stolen goods, or harboring an outlaw.

Resetter (n.) One who receives or conceals, as stolen goods or criminal.

Resetter (n.) One who resets, or sets again.

Resettlement (n.) Act of settling again, or state of being settled again; as, the resettlement of lees.

Reshipment (n.) The act of reshipping; also, that which is reshippped.

Reshipper (n.) One who reships.

Resiance (n.) Residence; abode.

Resiant (n.) A resident.

Residence (n.) The act or fact of residing, abiding, or dwelling in a place for some continuance of time; as, the residence of an American in France or Italy for a year.

Residence (n.) The place where one resides; an abode; a dwelling or habitation; esp., a settled or permanent home or domicile.

Residence (n.) The residing of an incumbent on his benefice; -- opposed to nonresidence.

Residence (n.) The place where anything rests permanently.

Residence (n.) Subsidence, as of a sediment.

Residence (n.) That which falls to the bottom of liquors; sediment; also, refuse; residuum.

Residency (n.) Residence.

Residency (n.) A political agency at a native court in British India, held by an officer styled the Resident; also, a Dutch commercial colony or province in the East Indies.

Resident (n.) One who resides or dwells in a place for some time.

Resident (n.) A diplomatic representative who resides at a foreign court; -- a term usualy applied to ministers of a rank inferior to that of ambassadors. See the Note under Minister, 4.

Residenter (n.) A resident.

Residentiary (n.) One who is resident.

Residentiary (n.) An ecclesiastic who keeps a certain residence.

Residentiaryship (n.) The office or condition of a residentiary.

Residentship (n.) The office or condition of a resident.

Resider (n.) One who resides in a place.

Residual (n.) The difference of the results obtained by observation, and by computation from a formula.

Residual (n.) The difference between the mean of several observations and any one of them.

Residue (n.) That which remains after a part is taken, separated, removed, or designated; remnant; remainder.

Residue (n.) That part of a testeator's estate wwhich is not disposed of in his will by particular and special legacies and devises, and which remains after payment of debts and legacies.

Residue (n.) That which remains of a molecule after the removal of a portion of its constituents; hence, an atom or group regarded as a portion of a molecule; -- used as nearly equivalent to radical, but in a more general sense.

Residue (n.) Any positive or negative number that differs from a given number by a multiple of a given modulus; thus, if 7 is the modulus, and 9 the given number, the numbers -5, 2, 16, 23, etc., are residues.

Residuum (n.) That which is left after any process of separation or purification; that which remains after certain specified deductions are made; residue.

Re sign (n.) Resignation.

Resignation (n.) The act of resigning or giving up, as a claim, possession, office, or the like; surrender; as, the resignation of a crown or comission.

Resignation (n.) The state of being resigned or submissive; quiet or patient submission; unresisting acquiescence; as, resignation to the will and providence of God.

Resignee (n.) One to whom anything is resigned, or in whose favor a resignation is made.

Resigner (n.) One who resigns.

Resignment (n.) The act of resigning.

Resilience (n.) Alt. of Resiliency

Resiliency (n.) The act of resiling, springing back, or rebounding; as, the resilience of a ball or of sound.

Resiliency (n.) The mechanical work required to strain an elastic body, as a deflected beam, stretched spring, etc., to the elastic limit; also, the work performed by the body in recovering from such strain.

Resilition (n.) Resilience.

Resin (n.) Any one of a class of yellowish brown solid inflammable substances, of vegetable origin, which are nonconductors of electricity, have a vitreous fracture, and are soluble in ether, alcohol, and essential oils, but not in water; specif., pine resin (see Rosin).

Resinate (n.) Any one of the salts the resinic acids.

Resinousness (n.) The quality of being resinous.

Resipiscence (n.) Wisdom derived from severe experience; hence, repentance.

Resist (n.) A substance used to prevent a color or mordant from fixing on those parts to which it has been applied, either by acting machanically in preventing the color, etc., from reaching the cloth, or chemically in changing the color so as to render it incapable of fixing itself in the fibers.. The pastes prepared for this purpose are called resist pastes.

Resistance (n.) The act of resisting; opposition, passive or active.

Resistance (n.) The quality of not yielding to force or external pressure; that power of a body which acts in opposition to the impulse or pressure of another, or which prevents the effect of another power; as, the resistance of the air to a body passing through it; the resistance of a target to projectiles.

Resistance (n.) A means or method of resisting; that which resists.

Resistance (n.) A certain hindrance or opposition to the passage of an electrical current or discharge offered by conducting bodies. It bears an inverse relation to the conductivity, -- good conductors having a small resistance, while poor conductors or insulators have a very high resistance. The unit of resistance is the ohm.

Resistant (n.) One who, or that which, resists.

Resister (n.) One who resists.

Resolute (n.) One who is resolute; hence, a desperado.

Resolute (n.) Redelivery; repayment.

Resoluteness (n.) The quality of being resolute.

Resolution (n.) The act, operation, or process of resolving. Specifically: (a) The act of separating a compound into its elements or component parts. (b) The act of analyzing a complex notion, or solving a vexed question or difficult problem.

Resolution (n.) The state of being relaxed; relaxation.

Resolution (n.) The state of being resolved, settled, or determined; firmness; steadiness; constancy; determination.

Resolution (n.) That which is resolved or determined; a settled purpose; determination. Specifically: A formal expression of the opinion or will of an official body or a public assembly, adopted by vote; as, a legislative resolution; the resolutions of a public meeting.

Resolution (n.) The state of being resolved or firm in opinion or thought; conviction; assurance.

Resolution (n.) The act or process of solving; solution; as, the resolution of an equation or problem.

Resolution (n.) A breaking up, disappearance; or termination, as of a fever, a tumor, or the like.

Resolution (n.) The passing of a dissonant into a consonant chord by the rising or falling of the note which makes the discord.

Resolutioner (n.) One who makes a resolution; one who joins with others in a declaration or resolution; specifically, one of a party in the Scottish Church in the 17th century.

Resolutionist (n.) One who makes a resolution.

Resolvability (n.) The quality or condition of being resolvable; resolvableness.

Resolvableness (n.) The quality of being resolvable; resolvability.

Resolve (n.) The act of resolving or making clear; resolution; solution.

Resolve (n.) That which has been resolved on or determined; decisive conclusion; fixed purpose; determination; also, legal or official determination; a legislative declaration; a resolution.

Resolvedness (n.) Fixedness of purpose; firmness; resolution.

Resolvent (n.) That which has the power of resolving, or causing solution; a solvent.

Resolvent (n.) That which has power to disperse inflammatory or other tumors; a discutient; anything which aids the absorption of effused products.

Resolvent (n.) An equation upon whose solution the solution of a given pproblem depends.

Resolver (n.) That which decomposes, or dissolves.

Resolver (n.) That which clears up and removes difficulties, and makes the mind certain or determined.

Resolver (n.) One who resolves, or formal a firm purpose.

Resonance (n.) The act of resounding; the quality or state of being resonant.

Resonance (n.) A prolongation or increase of any sound, either by reflection, as in a cavern or apartment the walls of which are not distant enough to return a distinct echo, or by the production of vibrations in other bodies, as a sounding-board, or the bodies of musical instruments.

Resonancy (n.) Resonance.

Resonator (n.) Anything which resounds; specifically, a vessel in the form of a cylinder open at one end, or a hollow ball of brass with two apertures, so contrived as to greatly intensify a musical tone by its resonance. It is used for the study and analysis of complex sounds.

Resorcin (n.) A colorless crystal

Resorption (n.) The act of resorbing; also, the act of absorbing again; reabsorption.

Resort (n.) Active power or movement; spring.

Resorter (n.) One who resorts; a frequenter.

Resoun (n.) Reason.

Resound (n.) Return of sound; echo.

Resource (n.) That to which one resorts orr on which one depends for supply or support; means of overcoming a difficulty; resort; expedient.

Resource (n.) Pecuniary means; funds; money, or any property that can be converted into supplies; available means or capabilities of any kind.

Respectability (n.) The state or quality of being respectable; the state or quality which deserves or commands respect.

Respecter (n.) One who respects.

Respection (n.) The act of respecting; respect; regard.

Respersion (n.) The act of sprinkling or scattering.

Respirability (n.) The quality or state of being respirable; respirableness.

Respiration (n.) The act of respiring or breathing again, or catching one's breath.

Respiration (n.) Relief from toil or suffering: rest.

Respiration (n.) Interval; intermission.

Respiration (n.) The act of resping or breathing; the act of taking in and giving out air; the aggregate of those processes bu which oxygen is introduced into the system, and carbon dioxide, or carbonic acid, removed.

Respirator (n.) A divice of gauze or wire, covering the mouth or nose, to prevent the inhalation of noxious substances, as dust or smoke. Being warmed by the breath, it tempers cold air passing through it, and may also be used for the inhalation of medicated vapors.

Respite (n.) A putting off of that which was appointed; a postponement or delay.

Respite (n.) Temporary intermission of labor, or of any process or operation; interval of rest; pause; delay.

Respite (n.) Temporary suspension of the execution of a capital offender; reprieve.

Respite (n.) The delay of appearance at court granted to a jury beyond the proper term.

Respite (n.) To give or grant a respite to.

Respite (n.) To delay or postpone; to put off.

Respite (n.) To keep back from execution; to reprieve.

Respite (n.) To relieve by a pause or interval of rest.

Resplendence (n.) Alt. of Resplendency

Resplendency (n.) The quality or state of being resplendent; brilliant luster; vivid brightness; splendor.

Respond (n.) An answer; a response.

Respond (n.) A short anthem sung at intervals during the reading of a chapter.

Respond (n.) A half pier or pillar attached to a wall to support an arch.

Respondence (n.) Alt. of Respondency

Respondency (n.) The act of responding; the state of being respondent; an answering.

Respondent (n.) One who responds. It corresponds in general to defendant.

Respondent (n.) One who answers in certain suits or proceedings, generally those which are not according to the course of the common law, as in equity and admiralty causes, in petitions for partition, and the like; -- distinquished from appellant.

Respondent (n.) One who maintains a thesis in reply, and whose province it is to refute objections, or overthrow arguments; -- distinguished from opponent.

Respondentia (n.) A loan upon goods laden on board a ship. It differs from bottomry, which is a loan on the ship itself.

Responsal (n.) One who is answerable or responsible.

Responsal (n.) Response.

Response (n.) The act of responding.

Response (n.) An answer or reply.

Response (n.) Reply to an objection in formal disputation.

Response (n.) The answer of the people or congregation to the priest or clergyman, in the litany and other parts of divine service.

Response (n.) A kind of anthem sung after the lessons of matins and some other parts of the office.

Response (n.) A repetition of the given subject in a fugue by another part on the fifth above or fourth below.

Responsibility (n.) The state of being responsible, accountable, or answerable, as for a trust, debt, or obligation.

Responsibility (n.) That for which anyone is responsible or accountable; as, the resonsibilities of power.

Responsibility (n.) Ability to answer in payment; means of paying.

Responsion (n.) The act of answering.

Responsion (n.) The first university examination; -- called also little go. See under Little, a.

Responsory (n.) The answer of the people to the priest in alternate speaking, in church service.

Responsory (n.) A versicle sung in answer to the priest, or as a refrain.

Responsory (n.) An antiphonary; a response book.

Rest (n.) A state of quiet or repose; a cessation from motion or labor; tranquillity; as, rest from mental exertion; rest of body or mind.

Rest (n.) Hence, freedom from everything which wearies or disturbs; peace; security.

Rest (n.) Sleep; slumber; hence, poetically, death.

Rest (n.) That on which anything rests or leans for support; as, a rest in a lathe, for supporting the cutting tool or steadying the work.

Rest (n.) A projection from the right side of the cuirass, serving to support the lance.

Rest (n.) A place where one may rest, either temporarily, as in an inn, or permanently, as, in an abode.

Rest (n.) A short pause in reading verse; a c/sura.

Rest (n.) The striking of a balance at regular intervals in a running account.

Rest (n.) A set or game at tennis.

Rest (n.) Silence in music or in one of its parts; the name of the character that stands for such silence. They are named as notes are, whole, half, quarter,etc.

Rest (n.) To cease from action or motion, especially from action which has caused weariness; to desist from labor or exertion.

Rest (n.) To be free from whanever wearies or disturbs; to be quiet or still.

Rest (n.) To lie; to repose; to rec

Rest (n.) To stand firm; to be fixed; to be supported; as, a column rests on its pedestal.

Rest (n.) To sleep; to slumber; hence, poetically, to be dead.

Rest (n.) To lean in confidence; to trust; to rely; to repose without anxiety; as, to rest on a man's promise.

Rest (n.) To be satisfied; to acquiesce.

Rest (n.) That which is left, or which remains after the separation of a part, either in fact or in contemplation; remainder; residue.

Rest (n.) Those not included in a proposition or description; the remainder; others.

Rest (n.) A surplus held as a reserved fund by a bank to equalize its dividends, etc.; in the Bank of England, the balance of assets above liabilities.

Restagnation (n.) Stagnation.

Restaurant (n.) An eating house.

Restaurateur (n.) The keeper of an eathing house or a restaurant.

Restauration (n.) Restoration.

Rest-harrow (n.) A European leguminous plant (Ononis arvensis) with long, tough roots.

Restiff (n.) A restive or stubborn horse.

Restiffness (n.) Restiveness.

Restinction (n.) Act of quenching or extingishing.

Restiness (n.) The quality or state of being resty; sluggishness.

Restitute (n.) That which is restored or offered in place of something; a substitute.

Restitutor (n.) One who makes restitution.

Restoral (n.) Restoration.

Restoration (n.) The act of restoring or bringing back to a former place, station, or condition; the fact of being restored; renewal; reestablishment; as, the restoration of friendship between enemies; the restoration of peace after war.

Restoration (n.) The state of being restored; recovery of health, strength, etc.; as, restoration from sickness.

Restoration (n.) That which is restored or renewed.

Restorationer (n.) A Restorationist.

Restorationism (n.) The belief or doctrines of the Restorationists.

Restorationist (n.) One who believes in a temporary future punishment and a final restoration of all to the favor and presence of God; a Universalist.

Restorative (n.) Something which serves to restore; especially, a restorative medicine.

Restorator (n.) A restaurateur.

Restore (n.) Restoration.

Restorement (n.) Restoration.

Restorer (n.) One who, or that which, restores.

Restrainer (n.) One who, or that which, restrains.

Restrainment (n.) The act of restraining.

Restraint (n.) The act or process of restraining, or of holding back or hindering from motion or action, in any manner; hindrance of the will, or of any action, physical or mental.

Restraint (n.) The state of being restrained.

Restraint (n.) That which restrains, as a law, a prohibition, or the like; limitation; restriction.

Restriction (n.) The act of restricting, or state of being restricted; confinement within limits or bounds.

Restriction (n.) That which restricts; limitation; restraint; as, restrictions on trade.

Restringency (n.) Quality or state of being restringent; astringency.

Restringent (n.) A restringent medicine.

Resubjection (n.) A second subjection.

Resudation (n.) Act of sweating again.

Result (n.) A flying back; resilience.

Result (n.) That which results; the conclusion or end to which any course or condition of things leads, or which is obtained by any process or operation; consequence or effect; as, the result of a course of action; the result of a mathematical operation.

Result (n.) The decision or determination of a council or deliberative assembly; a resolve; a decree.

Resultance (n.) The act of resulting; that which results; a result.

Resultant (n.) That which results.

Resultant (n.) A reultant force or motion.

Resultant (n.) An eliminant.

Resultate (n.) A result.

Resume (n.) A summing up; a condensed statement; an abridgment or brief recapitulation.

Resummons (n.) A second summons.

Resumption (n.) The act of resuming; as, the resumption of a grant, of delegated powers, of an argument, of specie payments, etc.

Resumption (n.) The taking again into the king's hands of such lands or tenements as he had granted to any man on false suggestions or other error.

Resupination (n.) The state of luing on the back; the state of being resupinate, or reversed.

Resurgence (n.) The act of rising again; resurrection.

Resurgent (n.) One who rises again, as from the dead.

Resurrection (n.) A rising again; the resumption of vigor.

Resurrection (n.) Especially, the rising again from the dead; the resumption of life by the dead; as, the resurrection of Jesus Christ; the general resurrection of all the dead at the Day of Judgment.

Resurrection (n.) State of being risen from the dead; future state.

Resurrection (n.) The cause or exemplar of a rising from the dead.

Resurrectionist (n.) One who steals bodies from the grave, as for dissection.

Resurvey (n.) A second or new survey.

Resuscitant (n.) One who, or that which resuscitates. Also used adjectively.

Resuscitation (n.) The act of resuscitating, or state of being resuscitated.

Resuscitator (n.) One who, or that which, resuscitates.

Retable (n.) A shelf behind the altar, for display of lights, vases of wlowers, etc.

Retail (n.) To sell in small quantities, as by the single yard, pound, gallon, etc.; to sell directly to the consumer; as, to retail cloth or groceries.

Retail (n.) To sell at second hand.

Retail (n.) To distribute in small portions or at second hand; to tell again or to many (what has been told or done); to report; as, to retail slander.

Retailer (n.) One who retails anything; as, a retailer of merchandise; a retailer of gossip.

Retailment (n.) The act of retailing.

Retainal (n.) The act of retaining; retention.

Retainer (n.) One who, or that which, retains.

Retainer (n.) One who is retained or kept in service; an attendant; an adherent; a hanger-on.

Retainer (n.) Hence, a servant, not a domestic, but occasionally attending and wearing his master's livery.

Retainer (n.) The act of a client by which he engages a lawyer or counselor to manage his cause.

Retainer (n.) The act of withholding what one has in his hands by virtue of some right.

Retainer (n.) A fee paid to engage a lawyer or counselor to maintain a cause, or to prevent his being employed by the opposing party in the case; -- called also retaining fee.

Retainer (n.) The act of keeping dependents, or the state of being in dependence.

Retainment (n.) The act of retaining; retention.

Retaker (n.) One who takes again what has been taken; a recaptor.

Retaliation (n.) The act of retaliating, or of returning like for like; retribution; now, specifically, the return of evil for evil; e.g., an eye for an eye, a tooth for a tooth.

Retard (n.) Retardation; delay.

Retardation (n.) The act of retarding; hindrance; the act of delaying; as, the retardation of the motion of a ship; -- opposed to acceleration.

Retardation (n.) That which retards; an obstacle; an obstruction.

Retardation (n.) The keeping back of an approaching consonant chord by prolonging one or more tones of a previous chord into the intermediate chord which follows; -- differing from suspension by resolving upwards instead of downwards.

Retardation (n.) The extent to which anything is retarded; the amount of retarding or delay.

Retarder (n.) One who, or that which, retards.

Retardment (n.) The act of retarding; retardation.

Rete (n.) A net or network; a plexus; particularly, a network of blood vessels or nerves, or a part resembling a network.

Retection (n.) Act of disclosing or uncovering something concealed.

Retene (n.) A white crystal

Retent (n.) That which is retained.

Retention (n.) The act of retaining, or the state of being ratined.

Retention (n.) The power of retaining; retentiveness.

Retention (n.) That which contains something, as a tablet; a //// of preserving impressions.

Retention (n.) The act of withholding; retraint; reserve.

Retention (n.) Place of custody or confinement.

Retention (n.) The right of withholding a debt, or of retaining property until a debt due to the person claiming the right be duly paid; a lien.

Retentive (n.) That which retains or confines; a restraint.

Retentiveness (n.) The quality of being retentive.

Retentivity (n.) The power of retaining; retentive force; as, the retentivity of a magnet.

Retentor (n.) A muscle which serves to retain an organ or part in place, esp. when retracted. See Illust. of Phylactolemata.

Retepore (n.) Any one of several species of bryozoans of the genus Retepora. They form delicate calcareous corals, usually composed of thin fenestrated fronds.

Retexture (n.) The act of weaving or forming again.

Rethor (n.) A rhetorician; a careful writer.

Rethoryke (n.) Rhetoric.

Retiarius (n.) A gladiator armed with a net for entangling his adversary and a trident for despatching him.

Retiary (n.) Any spider which spins webs to catch its prey.

Retiary (n.) A retiarius.

Reticence (n.) The quality or state of being reticent, or keeping silence; the state of holding one's tonque; refraining to speak of that which is suggested; uncommunicativeness.

Reticence (n.) A figure by which a person really speaks of a thing while he makes a show as if he would say nothingon the subject.

Reticency (n.) Reticence.

Reticle (n.) A small net.

Reticle (n.) A reticule. See Reticule, 2.

Reticularian (n.) One of the Reticularia.

Reticulation (n.) The quality or state of being reticulated, or netlike; that which is reticulated; network; an organization resembling a net.

Reticulum (n.) The second stomach of ruminants, in which folds of the mucous membrane form hexagonal cells; -- also called the honeycomb stomach.

Reticulum (n.) The neuroglia.

Retina (n.) The delicate membrane by which the back part of the globe of the eye is

Retinaculum (n.) A connecting band; a fraenum; as, the retinacula of the ileocaecal and ileocolic valves.

Retinaculum (n.) One of the annular ligaments which hold the tendons close to the bones at the larger joints, as at the wrist and ankle.

Retinaculum (n.) One of the retractor muscles of the proboscis of certain worms.

Retinaculum (n.) A small gland or process to which bodies are attached; as, the glandular retinacula to which the pollinia of orchids are attached, or the hooks which support the seeds in many acanthaceous plants.

Retinalite (n.) A translucent variety of serpentine, of a honey yellow or greenish yellow color, having a waxy resinlike luster.

Retinasphalt (n.) Alt. of Retinasphaltum

Retinasphaltum (n.) Retinite.

Retineum (n.) That part of the eye of an invertebrate which corresponds in function with the retina of a vertebrate.

Retinite (n.) An inflammable mineral resin, usually of a yellowish brown color, found in roundish masses, sometimes with coal.

Retinitis (n.) Inflammation of the retina.

Retinol (n.) A hydrocarbon oil obtained by the distillation of resin, -- used in printer's ink.

Retinophora (n.) One of group of two to four united cells which occupy the axial part of the ocelli, or ommatidia, of the eyes of invertebrates, and contain the terminal nerve fibrillae. See Illust. under Ommatidium.

Retinoscopy (n.) The study of the retina of the eye by means of the ophthalmoscope.

Retinue (n.) The body of retainers who follow a prince or other distinguished person; a train of attendants; a suite.

Retinula (n.) One of the group of pigmented cells which surround the retinophorae of invertebrates. See Illust. under Ommatidium.

Retiped (n.) A bird having small polygonal scales covering the tarsi.

Retiracy (n.) Retirement; -- mostly used in a jocose or burlesque way.

Retirade (n.) A kind of retrenchment, as in the body of a bastion, which may be disputed inch by inch after the defenses are dismantled. It usually consists of two faces which make a reentering angle.

Retire (n.) The act of retiring, or the state of being retired; also, a place to which one retires.

Retire (n.) A call sounded on a bugle, announcing to skirmishers that they are to retire, or fall back.

Retirement (n.) The act of retiring, or the state of being retired; withdrawal; seclusion; as, the retirement of an officer.

Retirement (n.) A place of seclusion or privacy; a place to which one withdraws or retreats; a private abode.

Retirer (n.) One who retires.

Retistene (n.) A white crystal

Retorsion (n.) Same as Retortion.

Retort (n.) To bend or curve back; as, a retorted

Retort (n.) To throw back; to reverberate; to reflect.

Retort (n.) To return, as an argument, accusation, censure, or incivility; as, to retort the charge of vanity.

Retorter (n.) One who retorts.

Retouch (n.) A partial reworking,as of a painting, a sculptor's clay model, or the like.

Retoucher (n.) One who retouches.

Retract (n.) The pricking of a horse's foot in nailing on a shoe.

Retractation (n.) The act of retracting what has been said; recantation.

Retraction (n.) The act of retracting, or drawing back; the state of being retracted; as, the retraction of a cat's claws.

Retraction (n.) The act of withdrawing something advanced, stated, claimed, or done; declaration of change of opinion; recantation.

Retraction (n.) The act of retracting or shortening; as, the retraction of a severed muscle; the retraction of a sinew.

Retraction (n.) The state or condition of a part when drawn back, or towards the center of the body.

Retractive (n.) That which retracts, or withdraws.

Retractor (n.) One who, or that which, retracts.

Retractor (n.) In breech-loading firearms, a device for withdrawing a cartridge shell from the barrel.

Retractor (n.) An instrument for holding apart the edges of a wound during amputation.

Retractor (n.) A bandage to protect the soft parts from injury by the saw during amputation.

Retractor (n.) A muscle serving to draw in any organ or part. See Illust. under Phylactolaemata.

Retraict (n.) Retreat.

Retrait (n.) A portrait; a likeness.

Retraxit (n.) The withdrawing, or open renunciation, of a suit in court by the plaintiff, by which he forever lost his right of action.

Retreat (n.) The act of retiring or withdrawing one's self, especially from what is dangerous or disagreeable.

Retreat (n.) The place to which anyone retires; a place or privacy or safety; a refuge; an asylum.

Retreat (n.) The retiring of an army or body of men from the face of an enemy, or from any ground occupied to a greater distance from the enemy, or from an advanced position.

Retreat (n.) The withdrawing of a ship or fleet from an enemy for the purpose of avoiding an engagement or escaping after defeat.

Retreat (n.) A signal given in the army or navy, by the beat of a drum or the sounding of trumpet or bugle, at sunset (when the roll is called), or for retiring from action.

Retreat (n.) A special season of solitude and silence to engage in religious exercises.

Retreat (n.) A period of several days of withdrawal from society to a religious house for exclusive occupation in the duties of devotion; as, to appoint or observe a retreat.

Retreatment (n.) The act of retreating; specifically, the Hegira.

Retrenchment (n.) The act or process of retrenching; as, the retrenchment of words in a writing.

Retrenchment (n.) A work constructed within another, to prolong the defense of the position when the enemy has gained possession of the outer work; or to protect the defenders till they can retreat or obtain terms for a capitulation.

Retrial (n.) A secdond trial, experiment, or test; a second judicial trial, as of an accused person.

Retributer (n.) One who makes retribution.

Retribution (n.) The act of retributing; repayment.

Retribution (n.) That which is given in repayment or compensation; return suitable to the merits or deserts of, as an action; commonly, condign punishment for evil or wrong.

Retribution (n.) Specifically, reward and punishment, as distributed at the general judgment.

Retrieval (n.) The act retrieving.

Retrieve (n.) A seeking again; a discovery.

Retrieve (n.) The recovery of game once sprung; -- an old sporting term.

Retrievement (n.) Retrieval.

Retriever (n.) One who retrieves.

Retriever (n.) A dor, or a breed of dogs, chiefly employed to retrieve, or to find and recover game birds that have been killed or wounded.

Retriment (n.) Refuse; dregs.

Retroaction (n.) Action returned, or action backward.

Retroaction (n.) Operation on something past or preceding.

Retrocession (n.) The act of retroceding.

Retrocession (n.) The state of being retroceded, or granted back.

Retrocession (n.) Metastasis of an eruption or a tumor from the surface to the interior of the body.

Retrochoir (n.) Any extension of a church behind the high altar, as a chapel; also, in an apsidal church, all the space beyond the

Retrocopulation (n.) Copulation from behind.

Retroduction (n.) A leading or bringing back.

Retroflexion (n.) The act of reflexing; the state of being retroflexed. Cf. Retroversion.

Retrogradation (n.) The act of retrograding, or moving backward.

Retrogradation (n.) The state of being retrograde; dec

Retrogress (n.) Retrogression.

Retrogression (n.) The act of retrograding, or going backward; retrogradation.

Retrogression (n.) Backward development; a passing from a higher to a lower state of organization or structure, as when an animal, approaching maturity, becomes less highly organized than would be expected from its earlier stages or known relationship. Called also retrograde development, and regressive metamorphism.

Retromingency (n.) The quality or state of being retromingent.

Retromingent (n.) An animal that discharges its urine backward.

Retrospect (n.) A looking back on things past; view or contemplation of the past.

Retrospection (n.) The act, or the faculty, of looking back on things past.

Retrovaccination (n.) The inoculation of a cow with human vaccine virus.

Retroversion (n.) A turning or bending backward; also, the state of being turned or bent backward; displacement backwards; as, retroversion of the uterus.

Retrusion (n.) The act of retruding, or the state of being retruded.

Rettery (n.) A place or establishment where flax is retted. See Ret.

Retting (n.) The act or process of preparing flax for use by soaking, maceration, and kindred processes; -- also called rotting. See Ret.

Retting (n.) A place where flax is retted; a rettery.

Return (n.) The act of returning (intransitive), or coming back to the same place or condition; as, the return of one long absent; the return of health; the return of the seasons, or of an anniversary.

Return (n.) The act of returning (transitive), or sending back to the same place or condition; restitution; repayment; requital; retribution; as, the return of anything borrowed, as a book or money; a good return in tennis.

Return (n.) That which is returned.

Return (n.) A payment; a remittance; a requital.

Return (n.) An answer; as, a return to one's question.

Return (n.) An account, or formal report, of an action performed, of a duty discharged, of facts or statistics, and the like; as, election returns; a return of the amount of goods produced or sold; especially, in the plural, a set of tabulated statistics prepared for general information.

Return (n.) The profit on, or advantage received from, labor, or an investment, undertaking, adventure, etc.

Return (n.) The continuation in a different direction, most often at a right angle, of a building, face of a building, or any member, as a molding or mold; -- applied to the shorter in contradistinction to the longer; thus, a facade of sixty feet east and west has a return of twenty feet north and south.

Return (n.) The rendering back or delivery of writ, precept, or execution, to the proper officer or court.

Return (n.) The certificate of an officer stating what he has done in execution of a writ, precept, etc., indorsed on the document.

Return (n.) The sending back of a commission with the certificate of the commissioners.

Return (n.) A day in bank. See Return day, below.

Return (n.) An official account, report, or statement, rendered to the commander or other superior officer; as, the return of men fit for duty; the return of the number of the sick; the return of provisions, etc.

Return (n.) The turnings and windings of a trench or mine.

Returner (n.) One who returns.

Reume (n.) Realm.

Reunion (n.) A second union; union formed anew after separation, secession, or discord; as, a reunion of parts or particles of matter; a reunion of parties or sects.

Reunion (n.) An assembling of persons who have been separated, as of a family, or the members of a disbanded regiment; an assembly so composed.

Reunition (n.) A second uniting.

Revalescence (n.) The act of growing well; the state of being revalescent.

Revaluation (n.) A second or new valuation.

Reve (n.) An officer, steward, or governor.

Reveal (n.) A revealing; a disclosure.

Reveal (n.) The side of an opening for a window, doorway, or the like, between the door frame or window frame and the outer surface of the wall; or, where the opening is not filled with a door, etc., the whole thickness of the wall; the jamb.

Revealability (n.) The quality or state of being revealable; revealableness.

Revealer (n.) One who, or that which, reveals.

Revealment (n.) Act of revealing.

Reveille (n.) The beat of drum, or bugle blast, about break of day, to give notice that it is time for the soldiers to rise, and for the sentinels to forbear challenging.

Revel (n.) See Reveal.

Revelation (n.) The act of revealing, disclosing, or discovering to others what was before unknown to them.

Revelation (n.) That which is revealed.

Revelation (n.) The act of revealing divine truth.

Revelation (n.) That which is revealed by God to man; esp., the Bible.

Revelation (n.) Specifically, the last book of the sacred canon, containing the prophecies of St. John; the Apocalypse.

Revelator (n.) One who makes a revelation; a revealer.

Reveler (n.) One who revels.

Revellent (n.) A revulsive medicine.

Revelment (n.) The act of reveling.

Revel-rout (n.) Tumultuous festivity; revelry.

Revel-rout (n.) A rabble; a riotous assembly; a mob.

Revelry (n.) The act of engaging in a revel; noisy festivity; reveling.

Revendication (n.) The act of revendicating.

Revenge (n.) The act of revenging; vengeance; retaliation; a returning of evil for evil.

Revenge (n.) The disposition to revenge; a malignant wishing of evil to one who has done us an injury.

Revengeance (n.) Vengeance; revenge.

Revengement (n.) Revenge.

Revenger (n.) One who revenges.

Revenue (n.) That which returns, or comes back, from an investment; the annual rents, profits, interest, or issues of any species of property, real or personal; income.

Revenue (n.) Hence, return; reward; as, a revenue of praise.

Revenue (n.) The annual yield of taxes, excise, customs, duties, rents, etc., which a nation, state, or municipality collects and receives into the treasury for public use.

Reverberation (n.) The act of reverberating; especially, the act of reflecting light or heat, or reechoing sound; as, the reverberation of rays from a mirror; the reverberation of rays from a mirror; the reverberation of voices; the reverberation of heat or flame in a furnace.

Reverberator (n.) One who, or that which, produces reverberation.

Reverberatory (n.) A reverberatory furnace.

Reverence (n.) Profound respect and esteem mingled with fear and affection, as for a holy being or place; the disposition to revere; veneration.

Reverence (n.) The act of revering; a token of respect or veneration; an obeisance.

Reverence (n.) That which deserves or exacts manifestations of reverence; reverend character; dignity; state.

Reverence (n.) A person entitled to be revered; -- a title applied to priests or other ministers with the pronouns his or your; sometimes poetically to a father.

Reverencer (n.) One who regards with reverence.

Reverer (n.) One who reveres.

Reverie (n.) Alt. of Revery

Revery (n.) A loose or irregular train of thought occurring in musing or mediation; deep musing; daydream.

Revery (n.) An extravagant conceit of the fancy; a vision.

Reversal (n.) The act of reversing; the causing to move or face in an opposite direction, or to stand or lie in an inverted position; as, the reversal of a rotating wheel; the reversal of objects by a convex lens.

Reversal (n.) A change or overthrowing; as, the reversal of a judgment, which amounts to an official declaration that it is false; the reversal of an attainder, or of an outlawry, by which the sentence is rendered void.

Reverser (n.) One who reverses.

Reversibility (n.) The quality of being reversible.

Reversion (n.) The act of returning, or coming back; return.

Reversion (n.) That which reverts or returns; residue.

Reversion (n.) The returning of an esttate to the grantor or his heirs, by operation of law, after the grant has terminated; hence, the residue of an estate left in the proprietor or owner thereof, to take effect in possession, by operation of law, after the termination of a limited or less estate carved out of it and conveyed by him.

Reversion (n.) Hence, a right to future possession or enjoiment; succession.

Reversion (n.) A payment which is not to be received, or a benefit which does not begin, until the happening of some event, as the death of a living person.

Reversion (n.) A return towards some ancestral type or character; atavism.

Reversionary (n.) That which is to be received in reversion.

Reversioner (n.) One who has a reversion, or who is entitled to lands or tenements, after a particular estate granted is terminated.

Reversis (n.) A certain game at cards.

Revert (n.) One who, or that which, reverts.

Revertent (n.) A remedy which restores the natural order of the inverted irritative motions in the animal system.

Reverter (n.) One who, or that which, reverts.

Reverter (n.) Reversion.

Revery (n.) Same as Reverie.

Revestiary (n.) The apartment, in a church or temple, where the vestments, etc., are kept; -- now contracted into vestry.

Revestry (n.) Same as Revestiary.

Revestture (n.) Vesture.

Reviction (n.) Return to life.

Review (n.) To view or see again; to look back on.

Review (n.) To go over and examine critically or deliberately.

Review (n.) To reconsider; to revise, as a manuscript before printing it, or a book for a new edition.

Review (n.) To go over with critical examination, in order to discover exellences or defects; hence, to write a critical notice of; as, to review a new novel.

Review (n.) To make a formal or official examination of the state of, as troops, and the like; as, to review a regiment.

Review (n.) To reexamine judically; as, a higher court may review the proceedings and judgments of a lower one.

Review (n.) To retrace; to go over again.

Review (n.) A second or repeated view; a reexamination; a retrospective survey; a looking over again; as, a review of one's studies; a review of life.

Review (n.) An examination with a view to amendment or improvement; revision; as, an author's review of his works.

Review (n.) A critical examination of a publication, with remarks; a criticism; a critique.

Review (n.) A periodical containing critical essays upon matters of interest, as new productions in literature, art, etc.

Review (n.) An inspection, as of troops under arms or of a naval force, by a high officer, for the purpose of ascertaining the state of discip

Review (n.) The judicial examination of the proceedings of a lower court by a higher.

Review (n.) A lesson studied or recited for a second time.

Reviewal (n.) A review.

Reviewer (n.) One who reviews or reexamines; an inspector; one who examines publications critically, and publishes his opinion upon their merits; a professional critic of books.

Revile (n.) Reproach; reviling.

Revilement (n.) The act of reviling; also, contemptuous language; reproach; abuse.

Reviler (n.) One who reviles.

Reviling (n.) Reproach; abuse; vilification.

Revirescence (n.) A growing green or fresh again; renewal of youth or vigor.

Revisal (n.) The act of revising, or reviewing and reexamining for correction and improvement; revision; as, the revisal of a manuscript; the revisal of a proof sheet; the revisal of a treaty.

Revise (n.) A review; a revision.

Revise (n.) A second proof sheet; a proof sheet taken after the first or a subsequent correction.

Reviser (n.) One who revises.

Revision (n.) The act of revising; reexamination for correction; review; as, the revision of a book or writing, or of a proof sheet; a revision of statutes.

Revision (n.) That which is made by revising.

Revisitation (n.) The act of revisiting.

Revival (n.) The act of reviving, or the state of being revived.

Revival (n.) Renewed attention to something, as to letters or literature.

Revival (n.) Renewed performance of, or interest in, something, as the drama and literature.

Revival (n.) Renewed interest in religion, after indifference and dec

Revival (n.) Reanimation from a state of langour or depression; -- applied to the health, spirits, and the like.

Revival (n.) Renewed pursuit, or cultivation, or flourishing state of something, as of commerce, arts, agriculture.

Revival (n.) Renewed prevalence of something, as a practice or a fashion.

Revival (n.) Restoration of force, validity, or effect; renewal; as, the revival of a debt barred by limitation; the revival of a revoked will, etc.

Revival (n.) Revivification, as of a metal. See Revivification, 2.

Revivalism (n.) The spirit of religious revivals; the methods of revivalists.

Revivalist (n.) A clergyman or layman who promotes revivals of religion; an advocate for religious revivals; sometimes, specifically, a clergyman, without a particular charge, who goes about to promote revivals. Also used adjectively.

Revivement (n.) Revival.

Reviver (n.) One who, or that which, revives.

Revivification (n.) Renewal of life; restoration of life; the act of recalling, or the state of being recalled, to life.

Revivification (n.) The reduction of a metal from a state of combination to its metallic state.

Reviviscence (n.) Alt. of Reviviscency

Reviviscency (n.) The act of reviving, or the state of being revived; renewal of life.

Revivor (n.) Revival of a suit which is abated by the death or marriage of any of the parties, -- done by a bill of revivor.

Revocability (n.) The quality of being revocable; as, the revocability of a law.

Revocation (n.) The act of calling back, or the state of being recalled; recall.

Revocation (n.) The act by which one, having the right, annuls an act done, a power or authority given, or a license, gift, or benefit conferred; repeal; reversal; as, the revocation of an edict, a power, a will, or a license.

Revoke (n.) The act of revoking.

Revokement (n.) Revocation.

Revoker (n.) One who revokes.

Revolt (n.) To turn away; to abandon or reject something; specifically, to turn away, or shrink, with abhorrence.

Revolt (n.) Hence, to be faithless; to desert one party or leader for another; especially, to renounce allegiance or subjection; to rise against a government; to rebel.

Revolt (n.) To be disgusted, shocked, or grossly offended; hence, to feel nausea; -- with at; as, the stomach revolts at such food; his nature revolts at cruelty.

Revolt (n.) The act of revolting; an uprising against legitimate authority; especially, a renunciation of allegiance and subjection to a government; rebellion; as, the revolt of a province of the Roman empire.

Revolt (n.) A revolter.

Revolter (n.) One who revolts.

Revolution (n.) The act of revolving, or turning round on an axis or a center; the motion of a body round a fixed point or

Revolution (n.) Return to a point before occupied, or to a point relatively the same; a rolling back; return; as, revolution in an ellipse or spiral.

Revolution (n.) The space measured by the regular return of a revolving body; the period made by the regular recurrence of a measure of time, or by a succession of similar events.

Revolution (n.) The motion of any body, as a planet or satellite, in a curved

Revolution (n.) The motion of a point,

Revolution (n.) A total or radical change; as, a revolution in one's circumstances or way of living.

Revolution (n.) A fundamental change in political organization, or in a government or constitution; the overthrow or renunciation of one government, and the substitution of another, by the governed.

Revolutionary (n.) A revolutionist.

Revolutioner (n.) One who is engaged in effecting a revolution; a revolutionist.

Revolutionism (n.) The state of being in revolution; revolutionary doctrines or principles.

Revolutionist (n.) One engaged in effecting a change of government; a favorer of revolution.

Revolvement (n.) Act of revolving.

Revolvency (n.) The act or state of revolving; revolution.

Revolver (n.) One who, or that which, revolves; specifically, a firearm ( commonly a pistol) with several chambers or barrels so arranged as to revolve on an axis, and be discharged in succession by the same lock; a repeater.

Revulsion (n.) A strong pulling or drawing back; withdrawal.

Revulsion (n.) A sudden reaction; a sudden and complete change; -- applied to the feelings.

Revulsion (n.) The act of turning or diverting any disease from one part of the body to another. It resembles derivation, but is usually applied to a more active form of counter irritation.

Revulsive (n.) That which causes revulsion; specifically (Med.), a revulsive remedy or agent.

Rew (n.) A row.

Reward (n.) Regard; respect; consideration.

Reward (n.) That which is given in return for good or evil done or received; esp., that which is offered or given in return for some service or attainment, as for excellence in studies, for the return of something lost, etc.; recompense; requital.

Reward (n.) Hence, the fruit of one's labor or works.

Reward (n.) Compensation or remuneration for services; a sum of money paid or taken for doing, or forbearing to do, some act.

Rewarder (n.) One who rewards.

Rewet (n.) A gunlock.

Rewme (n.) Realm.

Rewth (n.) Ruth.

Rex (n.) A king.

Reyn (n.) Rain or rein.

Reynard (n.) An appelation applied after the manner of a proper name to the fox. Same as Renard.

Rhabarbarin (n.) Alt. of Rhabarbarine

Rhabarbarine (n.) Chrysophanic acid.

Rhabdite (n.) A minute smooth rodlike or fusiform structure found in the tissues of many Turbellaria.

Rhabdite (n.) One of the hard parts forming the ovipositor of insects.

Rhabdolith (n.) A minute calcareous rodlike structure found both at the surface and the bottom of the ocean; -- supposed by some to be a calcareous alga.

Rhabdology (n.) Same as Rabdology.

Rhabdom (n.) One of numerous minute rodlike structures formed of two or more cells situated behind the retinulae in the compound eyes of insects, etc. See Illust. under Ommatidium.

Rhabdomancy (n.) Same as Rabdomancy.

Rhabdomere (n.) One of the several parts composing a rhabdom.

Rhabdopleura (n.) A genus of marine Bryozoa in which the tubular cells have a centralchitinous axis and the tentacles are borne on a bilobed lophophore. It is the type of the order Pterobranchia, or Podostomata

Rhabdosphere (n.) A minute sphere composed of rhabdoliths.

Rhachialgia (n.) See Rachialgia.

Rhachilla (n.) A branch of inflorescence; the zigzag axis on which the florets are arranged in the spikelets of grasses.

Rhachis (n.) The spine.

Rhachis (n.) The continued stem or midrib of a pinnately compound leaf, as in a rose leaf or a fern.

Rhachis (n.) The principal axis in a raceme, spike, panicle, or corymb.

Rhachis (n.) The shaft of a feather. The rhachis of the after-shaft, or plumule, is called the hyporhachis.

Rhachis (n.) The central cord in the stem of a crinoid.

Rhachis (n.) The median part of the radula of a mollusk.

Rhachis (n.) A central cord of the ovary of nematodes.

Rhachitis (n.) See Rachitis.

Rhadamanthus (n.) One of the three judges of the infernal regions; figuratively, a strictly just judge.

Rh/tizite (n.) A variety of the mineral cyanite.

Rhamadan (n.) See Ramadan.

Rhamnus (n.) A genus of shrubs and small trees; buckthorn. The California Rhamnus Purshianus and the European R. catharticus are used in medicine. The latter is used for hedges.

Rhamphorhynchus (n.) A genus of pterodactyls in which the elongated tail supported a leathery expansion at the tip.

Rhamphotheca (n.) The horny covering of the bill of birds.

Rhaphe (n.) The continuation of the seed stalk along the side of an anatropous ovule or seed, forming a ridge or seam.

Rhaponticine (n.) Chrysophanic acid.

Rhapsode (n.) A rhapsodist.

Rhapsoder (n.) A rhapsodist.

Rhapsodist (n.) Anciently, one who recited or composed a rhapsody; especially, one whose profession was to recite the verses of Hormer and other epic poets.

Rhapsodist (n.) Hence, one who recites or sings poems for a livelihood; one who makes and repeats verses extempore.

Rhapsodist (n.) One who writes or speaks disconnectedly and with great excitement or affectation of feeling.

Rhapsodomancy (n.) Divination by means of verses.

Rhapsody (n.) A recitation or song of a rhapsodist; a portion of an epic poem adapted for recitation, or usually recited, at one time; hence, a division of the Iliad or the Odyssey; -- called also a book.

Rhapsody (n.) A disconnected series of sentences or statements composed under excitement, and without dependence or natural connection; rambling composition.

Rhapsody (n.) A composition irregular in form, like an improvisation; as, Liszt's "Hungarian Rhapsodies."

Rhatany (n.) Alt. of Rhatanhy

Rhatanhy (n.) The powerfully astringent root of a half-shrubby Peruvian plant (Krameria triandra). It is used in medicine and to color port wine.

Rhea (n.) The ramie or grass-cloth plant. See Grass-cloth plant, under Grass.

Rhea (n.) Any one of three species of large South American ostrichlike birds of the genera Rhea and Pterocnemia. Called also the American ostrich.

Rheeboc (n.) The peele.

Rhein (n.) Chrysophanic acid.

Rheinberry (n.) One of the berries or drupes of the European buckthorn; also, the buckthorn itself.

Rhematic (n.) The doctrine of propositions or sentences.

Rhenish (n.) Rhine wine.

Rheochord (n.) A metallic wire used for regulating the resistance of a circuit, or varying the strength of an electric current, by inserting a greater or less length of it in the circuit.

Rheometer (n.) An instrument for measuring currents, especially the force or intensity of electrical currents; a galvanometer.

Rheometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the velocity of the blood current in the arteries.

Rheometry (n.) The measurement of the force or intensity of currents.

Rheometry (n.) The calculus; fluxions.

Rheomotor (n.) Any apparatus by which an electrical current is originated.

Rheophore (n.) A connecting wire of an electric or voltaic apparatus, traversed by a current.

Rheophore (n.) One of the poles of a voltaic battery; an electrode.

Rheoscope (n.) An instrument for detecting the presence or movement of currents, as of electricity.

Rheostat (n.) A contrivance for adjusting or regulating the strength of electrical currents, operating usually by the intercalation of resistance which can be varied at will.

Rheotome (n.) An instrument which periodically or otherwise interrupts an electric current.

Rheotrope (n.) An instrument for reversing the direction of an electric current.

Rhesus (n.) A monkey; the bhunder.

Rhetizite (n.) Same as Rhaetizite.

Rhetor (n.) A rhetorician.

Rhetoric (n.) The art of composition; especially, elegant composition in prose.

Rhetoric (n.) Oratory; the art of speaking with propriety, elegance, and force.

Rhetoric (n.) Hence, artificial eloquence; fine language or declamation without conviction or earnest feeling.

Rhetoric (n.) Fig. : The power of persuasion or attraction; that which allures or charms.

Rhetorication (n.) Rhetorical amplification.

Rhetorician (n.) One well versed in the rules and principles of rhetoric.

Rhetorician (n.) A teacher of rhetoric.

Rhetorician (n.) An orator; specifically, an artificial orator without genuine eloquence; a declaimer.

Rheum (n.) A genus of plants. See Rhubarb.

Rheum (n.) A serous or mucous discharge, especially one from the eves or nose.

Rheumatic (n.) One affected with rheumatism.

Rheumatism (n.) A general disease characterized by painful, often multiple, local inflammations, usually affecting the joints and muscles, but also extending sometimes to the deeper organs, as the heart.

Rhigolene (n.) A mixture of volatile hydrocarbons intermediate between gsolene and cymogene. It is obtained in the purification of crude petroleum, and is used as a refregerant.

Rhime (n.) See Rhyme.

Rhinaster (n.) The borele.

Rhine (n.) A water course; a ditch.

Rhinencephalon (n.) The division of the brain in front of the prosencephalon, consisting of the two olfactory lobes from which the olfactory nerves arise.

Rhinestone (n.) A colorless stone of high luster, made of paste. It is much used as an inexpensive ornament.

Rhinitis (n.) Infllammation of the nose; esp., inflammation of the mucous membrane of the nostrils.

Rhino (n.) Gold and silver, or money.

Rhinoceros (n.) Any pachyderm belonging to the genera Rhinoceros, Atelodus, and several allied genera of the family Rhinocerotidae, of which several living, and many extinct, species are known. They are large and powerful, and usually have either one or two stout conical median horns on the snout.

Rhinocerote (n.) A rhinoceros.

Rhinolite (n.) Alt. of Rhinolith

Rhinolith (n.) A concretion formed within the cavities of the nose.

Rhinologist (n.) One skilled in rhinology.

Rhinology (n.) The science which treats of the nose, and its diseases.

Rhinolophid (n.) Any species of the genus Rhinilophus, or family Rhinolophidae, having a horseshoe-shaped nasal crest; a horseshoe bat.

Rhinophore (n.) One of the two tentacle-like organs on the back of the head or neck of a nudibranch or tectibranch mollusk. They are usually retractile, and often transversely furrowed or plicate, and are regarded as olfactory organs. Called also dorsal tentacles. See Illust. under Pygobranchia, and Opisthobranchia.

Rhinoplasty (n.) Plastic surgery of the nose to correct deformity or to replace lost tissue. Tissue may be transplanted from the patient's cheek, forehead, arm, etc., or even from another person.

Rhinopome (n.) Any old-world bat of the genus Rhinopoma. The rhinopomes have a long tail extending beyond the web, and inhabit caves and tombs.

Rhinoscleroma (n.) A rare disease of the skin, characterized by the development of very hard, more or less flattened, prominences, appearing first upon the nose and subsequently upon the neighboring parts, esp. the lips, palate, and throat.

Rhinoscope (n.) A small mirror for use in rhinoscopy.

Rhinoscopy (n.) The examination or study of the soft palate, posterior nares, etc., by means of a laryngoscopic mirror introduced into the pharynx.

Rhinotheca (n.) The sheath of the upper mandible of a bird.

Rhipipter (n.) One of the Rhipiptera, a group of insects having wings which fold like a fan; a strepsipter.

Rhipipteran (n.) Same as Rhipipter.

Rhizine (n.) A rootlike filament or hair growing from the stems of mosses or on lichens; a rhizoid.

Rhizodont (n.) A reptile whose teeth are rooted in sockets, as the crocodile.

Rhizogen (n.) One of a proposed class of flowering plants growning on the roots of other plants and destitute of green foliage.

Rhizoid (n.) A rootlike appendage.

Rhizoma (n.) SAme as Rhizome.

Rhizome (n.) A rootstock. See Rootstock.

Rhizophora (n.) A genus of trees including the mangrove. See Mangrove.

Rhizopod (n.) One of the Rhizopoda.

Rhizostome (n.) One of the Rhizostomata.

Rhizotaxis (n.) The arrangement of the roots of plants.

Rhob (n.) See 1st Rob.

Rhodanate (n.) A salt of rhodanic acid; a sulphocyanate.

Rhodeoretin (n.) Same as Convolvuln.

Rhodian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Rhodes.

Rhodium (n.) A rare element of the light platinum group. It is found in platinum ores, and obtained free as a white inert metal which it is very difficult to fuse. Symbol Rh. Atomic weight 104.1. Specific gravity 12.

Rhodochrosite (n.) Manganese carbonate, a rose-red mineral sometimes occuring crystallized, but generally massive with rhombohedral cleavage like calcite; -- called also dialogite.

Rhodocrinite (n.) A rose encrinite.

Rhododendron (n.) A genus of shrubs or small trees, often having handsome evergreen leaves, and remarkable for the beauty of their flowers; rosebay.

Rhodomontade (n.) See Rodomontade.

Rhodomontader (n.) See Rodomontador.

Rhodonite (n.) Manganese spar, or silicate of manganese, a mineral occuring crystallised and in rose-red masses. It is often used as an ornamental stone.

Rhodophane (n.) The red pigment contained in the inner segments of the cones of the retina in animals. See Chromophane.

Rhodopsin (n.) The visual purple. See under Visual.

Rhodosperm (n.) Any seaweed with red spores.

Rhomb (n.) An equilateral parallelogram, or quadrilateral figure whose sides are equal and the opposite sides parallel. The angles may be unequal, two being obtuse and two acute, as in the cut, or the angles may be equal, in which case it is usually called a square.

Rhomb (n.) A rhombohedron.

Rhomboganoid (n.) A ganoid fish having rhombic enameled scales; one of the Rhomboganoidei.

Rhombogene (n.) A dicyemid which produces infusorialike embryos; -- opposed to nematogene. See Dicyemata.

Rhombohedron (n.) A solid contained by six rhomboids; a parallelopiped.

Rhomboid (n.) An oblique-angled parallelogram like a rhomb, but having only the opposite sides equal, the length and with being different.

Rhomboides (n.) A rhomboid.

Rhombus (n.) Same as Rhomb, 1.

Rhonchus (n.) An adventitious whistling or snoring sound heard on auscultation of the chest when the air channels are partially obstructed. By some writers the term rhonchus is used as equivalent to rale in its widest sense. See Rale.

Rhopalium (n.) One of the marginal sensory bodies of medusae belonging to the Discophora.

Rhotacism (n.) An oversounding, or a misuse, of the letter r; specifically (Phylol.), the tendency, exhibited in the Indo-European languages, to change s to r, as wese to were.

Rhubarb (n.) The name of several large perennial herbs of the genus Rheum and order Polygonaceae.

Rhubarb (n.) The large and fleshy leafstalks of Rheum Rhaponticum and other species of the same genus. They are pleasantly acid, and are used in cookery. Called also pieplant.

Rhubarb (n.) The root of several species of Rheum, used much as a cathartic medicine.

Rhumb (n.) A

Rhus (n.) A genus of shrubs and small treets. See Sumac.

Rhusma (n.) A mixtire of caustic lime and orpiment, or tersulphide of arsenic, -- used in the depilation of hides.

Rhyme (n.) An expression of thought in numbers, measure, or verse; a composition in verse; a rhymed tale; poetry; harmony of language.

Rhyme (n.) Correspondence of sound in the terminating words or syllables of two or more verses, one succeeding another immediately or at no great distance. The words or syllables so used must not begin with the same consonant, or if one begins with a vowel the other must begin with a consonant. The vowel sounds and accents must be the same, as also the sounds of the final consonants if there be any.

Rhyme (n.) Verses, usually two, having this correspondence with each other; a couplet; a poem containing rhymes.

Rhyme (n.) A word answering in sound to another word.

Rhyme (n.) To make rhymes, or verses.

Rhyme (n.) To accord in rhyme or sound.

Rhymer (n.) One who makes rhymes; a versifier; -- generally in contempt; a poor poet; a poetaster.

Rhymery (n.) The art or habit of making rhymes; rhyming; -- in contempt.

Rhymester (n.) A rhymer; a maker of poor poetry.

Rhymist (n.) A rhymer; a rhymester.

Rhyncholite (n.) A fossil cephalopod beak.

Rhynchonella (n.) A genus of brachiopods of which some species are still living, while many are found fossil.

Rhynchophore (n.) One of the Rhynchophora.

Rhyolite (n.) A quartzose trachyte, an igneous rock often showing a fluidal structure.

Rhyparography (n.) In ancient art, the painting of genre or still-life pictures.

Rhysimeter (n.) An instrument, acting on the principle of Pitot's tube, for measuring the velocity of a fluid current, the speed of a ship, etc.

Rhythm (n.) In the widest sense, a dividing into short portions by a regular succession of motions, impulses, sounds, accents, etc., producing an agreeable effect, as in music poetry, the dance, or the like.

Rhythm (n.) Movement in musical time, with periodical recurrence of accent; the measured beat or pulse which marks the character and expression of the music; symmetry of movement and accent.

Rhythm (n.) A division of

Rhythm (n.) The harmonious flow of vocal sounds.

Rhythmer (n.) One who writes in rhythm, esp. in poetic rhythm or meter.

Rhythmics (n.) The department of musical science which treats of the length of sounds.

Rhythmometer (n.) An instrument for marking time in musical movements. See Metronome.

Rhythmus (n.) Rhythm.

Rhytina (n.) See Rytina.

Rial (n.) A Spanish coin. See Real.

Rial (n.) A gold coin formerly current in England, of the value of ten shillings sterling in the reign of Henry VI., and of fifteen shillings in the reign of Elizabeth.

Rib (n.) One of the curved bones attached to the vertebral column and supporting the lateral walls of the thorax.

Rib (n.) That which resembles a rib in form or use.

Rib (n.) One of the timbers, or bars of iron or steel, that branch outward and upward from the keel, to support the skin or planking, and give shape and strength to the vessel.

Rib (n.) A ridge, fin, or wing, as on a plate, cylinder, beam, etc., to strengthen or stiffen it.

Rib (n.) One of the rods on which the cover of an umbrella is extended.

Rib (n.) A prominent

Rib (n.) A longitudinal strip of metal uniting the barrels of a double-barreled gun.

Rib (n.) The chief nerve, or one of the chief nerves, of a leaf.

Rib (n.) Any longitudinal ridge in a plant.

Rib (n.) In Gothic vaulting, one of the primary members of the vault. These are strong arches, meeting and crossing one another, dividing the whole space into triangles, which are then filled by vaulted construction of lighter material. Hence, an imitation of one of these in wood, plaster, or the like.

Rib (n.) A projecting mold, or group of moldings, forming with others a pattern, as on a ceiling, ornamental door, or the like.

Rib (n.) Solid coal on the side of a gallery; solid ore in a vein.

Rib (n.) An elongated pillar of ore or coal left as a support.

Rib (n.) A wife; -- in allusion to Eve, as made out of Adam's rib.

Ribaldry (n.) The talk of a ribald; low, vulgar language; indecency; obscenity; lewdness; -- now chiefly applied to indecent language, but formerly, as by Chaucer, also to indecent acts or conduct.

Riban (n.) See Ribbon.

Riband (n.) See Ribbon.

Riband (n.) See Rib-band.

Ribaud (n.) A ribald.

Ribaudequin (n.) An engine of war used in the Middle Ages, consisting of a protected elevated staging on wheels, and armed in front with pikes. It was (after the 14th century) furnished with small cannon.

Ribaudequin (n.) A huge bow fixed on the wall of a fortified town for casting javelins.

Ribaudry (n.) Ribaldry.

Ribaudy (n.) Ribaldry.

Ribauld (n.) A ribald.

Ribband (n.) A ribbon.

Ribband (n.) A long, narrow strip of timber bent and bolted longitudinally to the ribs of a vessel, to hold them in position, and give rigidity to the framework.

Ribbing (n.) An assemblage or arrangement of ribs, as the timberwork for the support of an arch or coved ceiling, the veins in the leaves of some plants, ridges in the fabric of cloth, or the like.

Ribbon (n.) A fillet or narrow woven fabric, commonly of silk, used for trimming some part of a woman's attire, for badges, and other decorative purposes.

Ribbon (n.) A narrow strip or shred; as, a steel or magnesium ribbon; sails torn to ribbons.

Ribbon (n.) Same as Rib-band.

Ribbon (n.) Driving reins.

Ribbon (n.) A bearing similar to the bend, but only one eighth as wide.

Ribbon (n.) A silver.

Ribbonism (n.) The principles and practices of the Ribbonmen. See Ribbon Society, under Ribbon.

Ribbonman (n.) A member of the Ribbon Society. See Ribbon Society, under Ribbon.

Ribbonwood (n.) A malvaceous tree (Hoheria populnea) of New Zealand, the bark of which is used for cordage.

Ribes (n.) A genus of shrubs including gooseberries and currants of many kinds.

Ribibe (n.) A sort of stringed instrument; a rebec.

Ribibe (n.) An old woman; -- in contempt.

Ribibe (n.) A bawd; a prostitute.

Ribible (n.) A small threestringed viol; a rebec.

Ribwort (n.) A species of plantain (Plantago lanceolata) with long, narrow, ribbed leaves; -- called also rib grass, ripple grass, ribwort plantain.

Rice (n.) A well-known cereal grass (Oryza sativa) and its seed. This plant is extensively cultivated in warm climates, and the grain forms a large portion of the food of the inhabitants. In America it grows chiefly on low, moist land, which can be overflowed.

Ricebird (n.) The Java sparrow.

Ricebird (n.) The bobolink.

Rice-shell (n.) Any one of numerous species of small white polished marine shells of the genus Olivella.

Richesse (n.) Wealth; riches. See the Note under Riches.

Richness (n.) The quality or state of being rich (in any sense of the adjective).

Richweed (n.) An herb (Pilea pumila) of the Nettle family, having a smooth, juicy, pellucid stem; -- called also clearweed.

Ricinelaidin (n.) The glycerin salt of ricinelaidic acid, obtained as a white crystal

Ricinine (n.) A bitter white crystal

Ricinoleate (n.) A salt of ricinoleic acid; -- formerly called palmate.

Ricinolein (n.) The glycerin salt of ricinoleic acid, occuring as a characteristic constituent of castor oil; -- formerly called palmin.

Ricinus (n.) A genus of plants of the Spurge family, containing but one species (R. communis), the castor-oil plant. The fruit is three-celled, and contains three large seeds from which castor oil iss expressed. See Palma Christi.

Rick (n.) A stack or pile, as of grain, straw, or hay, in the open air, usually protected from wet with thatching.

Ricker (n.) A stout pole for use in making a rick, or for a spar to a boat.

Rickrack (n.) A kind of openwork edging made of serpentine braid.

Rickstand (n.) A flooring or framework on which a rick is made.

Ricochet (n.) A rebound or skipping, as of a ball along the ground when a gun is fired at a low angle of elevation, or of a fiat stone thrown along the surface of water.

Ricture (n.) A gaping.

Rictus (n.) The gape of the mouth, as of birds; -- often resricted to the corners of the mouth.

Riddance (n.) The act of ridding or freeing; deliverance; a cleaning up or out.

Riddance (n.) The state of being rid or free; freedom; escape.

Ridder (n.) One who, or that which, rids.

Riddle (n.) A sieve with coarse meshes, usually of wire, for separating coarser materials from finer, as chaff from grain, cinders from ashes, or gravel from sand.

Riddle (n.) A board having a row of pins, set zigzag, between which wire is drawn to straighten it.

Riddle (n.) Something proposed to be solved by guessing or conjecture; a puzzling question; an ambiguous proposition; an enigma; hence, anything ambiguous or puzzling.

Riddler (n.) One who riddles (grain, sand, etc.).

Riddler (n.) One who speaks in, or propounds, riddles.

Ride (n.) The act of riding; an excursion on horseback or in a vehicle.

Ride (n.) A saddle horse.

Ride (n.) A road or avenue cut in a wood, or through grounds, to be used as a place for riding; a riding.

Rideau (n.) A small mound of earth; ground slightly elevated; a small ridge.

Rider (n.) One who, or that which, rides.

Rider (n.) Formerly, an agent who went out with samples of goods to obtain orders; a commercial traveler.

Rider (n.) One who breaks or manages a horse.

Rider (n.) An addition or amendment to a manuscript or other document, which is attached on a separate piece of paper; in legislative practice, an additional clause annexed to a bill while in course of passage; something extra or burdensome that is imposed.

Rider (n.) A problem of more than usual difficulty added to another on an examination paper.

Rider (n.) A Dutch gold coin having the figure of a man on horseback stamped upon it.

Rider (n.) Rock material in a vein of ore, dividing it.

Rider (n.) An interior rib occasionally fixed in a ship's hold, reaching from the keelson to the beams of the lower deck, to strengthen her frame.

Rider (n.) The second tier of casks in a vessel's hold.

Rider (n.) A small forked weight which straddles the beam of a balance, along which it can be moved in the manner of the weight on a steelyard.

Rider (n.) A robber.

Ridge (n.) The back, or top of the back; a crest.

Ridge (n.) A range of hills or mountains, or the upper part of such a range; any extended elevation between valleys.

Ridge (n.) A raised

Ridge (n.) The intersection of two surface forming a salient angle, especially the angle at the top between the opposite slopes or sides of a roof or a vault.

Ridge (n.) The highest portion of the glacis proceeding from the salient angle of the covered way.

Ridgeband (n.) The part of a harness which passes over the saddle, and supports the shafts of a cart; -- called also ridgerope, and ridger.

Ridgebone (n.) The backbone.

Ridgel (n.) Same as Ridgelling.

Ridgelet (n.) A little ridge.

Ridgeling (n.) A half-castrated male animal.

Ridgepiece (n.) Alt. of Ridgeplate

Ridgeplate (n.) See Ridgepole.

Ridgepole (n.) The timber forming the ridge of a roof, into which the rafters are secured.

Ridgerope (n.) See Life

Ridicle (n.) Ridicule.

Ridicule (n.) An object of sport or laughter; a laughingstock; a laughing matter.

Ridicule (n.) Remarks concerning a subject or a person designed to excite laughter with a degree of contempt; wit of that species which provokes contemptuous laughter; disparagement by making a person an object of laughter; banter; -- a term lighter than derision.

Ridicule (n.) Quality of being ridiculous; ridiculousness.

Ridiculer (n.) One who ridicules.

Ridiculosity (n.) The quality or state of being ridiculous; ridiculousness; also, something ridiculous.

Riding (n.) One of the three jurisdictions into which the county of York, in England, is divided; -- formerly under the government of a reeve. They are called the North, the East, and the West, Riding.

Riding (n.) The act or state of one who rides.

Riding (n.) A festival procession.

Riding (n.) Same as Ride, n., 3.

Riding (n.) A district in charge of an excise officer.

Ridotto (n.) A favorite Italian public entertainment, consisting of music and dancing, -- held generally on fast eves.

Rie (n.) See Rye.

Rief (n.) Robbery.

Rietboc (n.) The reedbuck, a South African antelope (Cervicapra arundinacea); -- so called from its frequenting dry places covered with high grass or reeds. Its color is yellowish brown. Called also inghalla, and rietbok.

Riffle (n.) A trough or sluice having cleats, grooves, or steps across the bottom for holding quicksilver and catching particles of gold when auriferous earth is washed; also, one of the cleats, grooves, or steps in such a trough. Also called ripple.

Riffler (n.) A curved file used in carving wool and marble.

Riffraff (n.) Sweepings; refuse; the lowest order of society.

Rifle (n.) A gun, the inside of whose barrel is grooved with spiral channels, thus giving the ball a rotary motion and insuring greater accuracy of fire. As a military firearm it has superseded the musket.

Rifle (n.) A body of soldiers armed with rifles.

Rifle (n.) A strip of wood covered with emery or a similar material, used for sharpening scythes.

Riflebird (n.) Any one of several species of beautiful birds of Australia and New Guinea, of the genera Ptiloris and Craspidophora, allied to the paradise birds.

Rifleman (n.) A soldier armed with a rifle.

Rifler (n.) One who rifles; a robber.

Rifling (n.) The act or process of making the grooves in a rifled cannon or gun barrel.

Rifling (n.) The system of grooves in a rifled gun barrel or cannon.

Rift (n.) An opening made by riving or splitting; a cleft; a fissure.

Rift (n.) A shallow place in a stream; a ford.

Rifter (n.) A rafter.

Rig (n.) A ridge.

Rig (n.) The peculiar fitting in shape, number, and arrangement of sails and masts, by which different types of vessels are distinguished; as, schooner rig, ship rig, etc. See Illustration in Appendix.

Rig (n.) Dress; esp., odd or fanciful clothing.

Rig (n.) A romp; a wanton; one given to unbecoming conduct.

Rig (n.) A sportive or unbecoming trick; a frolic.

Rig (n.) A blast of wind.

Rigadoon (n.) A gay, lively dance for one couple, -- said to have been borrowed from Provence in France.

Rigarion (n.) See Irrigation.

Rigel (n.) A fixed star of the first magnitude in the left foot of the constellation Orion.

Rigger (n.) One who rigs or dresses; one whose occupation is to fit the rigging of a ship.

Rigger (n.) A cylindrical pulley or drum in machinery.

Rigging (n.) DRess; tackle; especially (Naut.), the ropes, chains, etc., that support the masts and spars of a vessel, and serve as purchases for adjusting the sails, etc. See Illustr. of Ship and Sails.

Riggle (n.) The European lance fish.

Right-about (n.) A turning directly about by the right, so as to face in the opposite direction; also, the quarter directly opposite; as, to turn to the right-about.

Righteousness (n.) The quality or state of being righteous; ho

Righteousness (n.) A righteous act, or righteous quality.

Righteousness (n.) The act or conduct of one who is righteous.

Righteousness (n.) The state of being right with God; justification; the work of Christ, which is the ground of justification.

Righter (n.) One who sets right; one who does justice or redresses wrong.

Rightfulness (n.) The quality or state of being rightful; accordance with right and justice.

Rightfulness (n.) Moral rectitude; righteousness.

Right-handedness (n.) The state or quality of being right-handed; hence, skill; dexterity.

Rightness (n.) Straightness; as, the rightness of a

Rightness (n.) The quality or state of being right; right relation.

Rightwiseness (n.) Righteousness.

Rigidity (n.) The quality or state of being rigid; want of pliability; the quality of resisting change of form; the amount of resistance with which a body opposes change of form; -- opposed to flexibility, ductility, malleability, and softness.

Rigidity (n.) Stiffness of appearance or manner; want of ease or elegance.

Rigidity (n.) Severity; rigor.

Rigidness (n.) The quality or state of being rigid.

Riglet (n.) See Reglet.

Rigmarole (n.) A succession of confused or nonsensical statements; foolish talk; nonsense.

Rigol (n.) A circle; hence, a diadem.

Rigoll (n.) A musical instrument formerly in use, consisting of several sticks bound together, but separated by beads, and played with a stick with a ball at its end.

Rigor (n.) Rigidity; stiffness.

Rigor (n.) A sense of chil

Rigor (n.) The becoming stiff or rigid; the state of being rigid; rigidity; stiffness; hardness.

Rigor (n.) See 1st Rigor, 2.

Rigor (n.) Severity of climate or season; inclemency; as, the rigor of the storm; the rigors of winter.

Rigor (n.) Stiffness of opinion or temper; rugged sternness; hardness; relentless severity; hard-heartedness; cruelty.

Rigor (n.) Exactness without allowance, deviation, or indulgence; strictness; as, the rigor of criticism; to execute a law with rigor; to enforce moral duties with rigor; -- opposed to lenity.

Rigor (n.) Severity of life; austerity; voluntary submission to pain, abstinence, or mortification.

Rigor (n.) Violence; force; fury.

Rigorism (n.) Rigidity in principle or practice; strictness; -- opposed to laxity.

Rigorism (n.) Severity, as of style, or the like.

Rigorist (n.) One who is rigorous; -- sometimes applied to an extreme Jansenist.

Rigsdaler (n.) A Danish coin worth about fifty-four cents. It was the former unit of value in Denmark.

Riksdaler (n.) A Swedish coin worth about twenty-seven cents. It was formerly the unit of value in Sweden.

Rilievo (n.) Same as Relief, n., 5.

Rill (n.) A very small brook; a streamlet.

Rill (n.) See Rille.

Rille (n.) One of certain narrow, crooked valleys seen, by aid of the telescope, on the surface of the moon.

Rillet (n.) A little rill.

Rim (n.) The border, edge, or margin of a thing, usually of something circular or curving; as, the rim of a kettle or basin.

Rim (n.) The lower part of the abdomen.

Rima (n.) A narrow and elongated aperture; a cleft; a fissure.

Rimbase (n.) A short cylinder connecting a trunnion with the body of a cannon. See Illust. of Cannon.

Rime (n.) A rent or long aperture; a chink; a fissure; a crack.

Rime (n.) White frost; hoarfrost; congealed dew or vapor.

Rime (n.) A step or round of a ladder; a rung.

Rime (n.) Rhyme. See Rhyme.

Rimer (n.) A rhymer; a versifier.

Rimer (n.) A tool for shaping the rimes of a ladder.

Rimmer (n.) An implement for cutting, trimming, or ornamenting the rim of anything, as the edges of pies, etc.; also, a reamer.

Rimosity (n.) State of being rimose.

Rimple (n.) A fold or wrinkle. See Rumple.

Rind (n.) The external covering or coat, as of flesh, fruit, trees, etc.; skin; hide; bark; peel; shell.

Rinderpest (n.) A highly contagious distemper or murrain, affecting neat cattle, and less commonly sheep and goats; -- called also cattle plague, Russian cattle plague, and steppe murrain.

Rindle (n.) A small water course or gutter.

Rine (n.) See Rind.

Ring (n.) A sound; especially, the sound of vibrating metals; as, the ring of a bell.

Ring (n.) Any loud sound; the sound of numerous voices; a sound continued, repeated, or reverberated.

Ring (n.) A chime, or set of bells harmonically tuned.

Ring (n.) A circle, or a circular

Ring (n.) Specifically, a circular ornament of gold or other precious material worn on the finger, or attached to the ear, the nose, or some other part of the person; as, a wedding ring.

Ring (n.) A circular area in which races are or run or other sports are performed; an arena.

Ring (n.) An inclosed space in which pugilists fight; hence, figuratively, prize fighting.

Ring (n.) A circular group of persons.

Ring (n.) The plane figure included between the circumferences of two concentric circles.

Ring (n.) The solid generated by the revolution of a circle, or other figure, about an exterior straight

Ring (n.) An instrument, formerly used for taking the sun's altitude, consisting of a brass ring suspended by a swivel, with a hole at one side through which a solar ray entering indicated the altitude on the graduated inner surface opposite.

Ring (n.) An elastic band partly or wholly encircling the spore cases of ferns. See Illust. of Sporangium.

Ring (n.) A clique; an exclusive combination of persons for a selfish purpose, as to control the market, distribute offices, obtain contracts, etc.

Ringbill (n.) The ring-necked scaup duck; -- called also ring-billed blackhead. See Scaup.

Ringbird (n.) The reed bunting. It has a collar of white feathers. Called also ring bunting.

Ringbolt (n.) An eyebolt having a ring through the eye.

Ringbone (n.) A morbid growth or deposit of bony matter between or on the small pastern and the great pastern bones.

Ringdove (n.) A European wild pigeon (Columba palumbus) having a white crescent on each side of the neck, whence the name. Called also wood pigeon, and cushat.

Ringer (n.) One who, or that which, rings; especially, one who rings chimes on bells.

Ringer (n.) A crowbar.

Ringer (n.) A horse that is not entitled to take part in a race, but is fraudulently got into it.

Ringhead (n.) An instrument used for stretching woolen cloth.

Ringleader (n.) The leader of a circle of dancers; hence, the leader of a number of persons acting together; the leader of a herd of animals.

Ringleader (n.) Opprobriously, a leader of a body of men engaged in the violation of law or in an illegal enterprise, as rioters, mutineers, or the like.

Ringlestone (n.) The ringed dotterel, or ring plover.

Ringlet (n.) A small ring; a small circle; specifically, a fairy ring.

Ringlet (n.) A curl; especially, a curl of hair.

Ringman (n.) The ring finger.

Ringmaster (n.) One in charge of the performances (as of horses) within the ring in a circus.

Ringneck (n.) Any one of several species of small plovers of the genus Aegialitis, having a ring around the neck. The ring is black in summer, but becomes brown or gray in winter. The semipalmated plover (Ae. semipalmata) and the piping plover (Ae. meloda) are common North American species. Called also ring plover, and ring-necked plover.

Ringneck (n.) The ring-necked duck.

Ringsail (n.) See Ringtail, 2.

Ringtail (n.) A bird having a distinct band of color across the tail, as the hen harrier.

Ringtail (n.) A light sail set abaft and beyong the leech of a boom-and-gaff sail; -- called also ringsail.

Ringtoss (n.) A game in which the object is to toss a ring so that it will catch upon an upright stick.

Ringworm (n.) A contagious affection of the skin due to the presence of a vegetable parasite, and forming ring-shaped discolored patches covered with vesicles or powdery scales. It occurs either on the body, the face, or the scalp. Different varieties are distinguished as Tinea circinata, Tinea tonsurans, etc., but all are caused by the same parasite (a species of Trichophyton).

Rink (n.) The smooth and level extent of ice marked off for the game of curling.

Rink (n.) An artificial sheet of ice, generally under cover, used for skating; also, a floor prepared for skating on with roller skates, or a building with such a floor.

Rinker (n.) One who skates at a rink.

Rinking (n.) Skating in a rink.

Rinse (n.) The act of rinsing.

Rinser (n.) One who, or that which, rinses.

Riot (n.) Wanton or unrestrained behavior; uproar; tumult.

Riot (n.) Excessive and exxpensive feasting; wild and loose festivity; revelry.

Riot (n.) The tumultuous disturbance of the public peace by an unlawful assembly of three or more persons in the execution of some private object.

Rioter (n.) One who riots; a reveler; a roisterer.

Rioter (n.) One who engages in a riot. See Riot, n., 3.

Riotise (n.) Excess; tumult; revelry.

Riotour (n.) A rioter.

Riotry (n.) The act or practice of rioting; riot.

Rip (n.) A wicker fish basket.

Rip (n.) A rent made by ripping, esp. by a seam giving way; a tear; a place torn; laceration.

Rip (n.) A term applied to a mean, worthless thing or person, as to a scamp, a debauchee, or a prostitute, or a worn-out horse.

Rip (n.) A body of water made rough by the meeting of opposing tides or currents.

Ripe (n.) The bank of a river.

Ripeness (n.) The state or quality of being ripe; maturity;; completeness; perfection; as, the ripeness of grain; ripeness of manhood; ripeness of judgment.

Ripidolite (n.) A translucent mineral of a green color and micaceous structure, belonging to the chlorite group; a hydrous silicate of alumina, magnesia, and iron; -- called also clinochlore.

Ripienist (n.) A player in the ripieno portion of an orchestra. See Ripieno.

Ripler (n.) Alt. of Ripper

Ripper (n.) One who brings fish from the seacoast to markets in inland towns.

Ripost (n.) In fencing, a return thrust after a parry.

Ripost (n.) A quick and sharp refort; a repartee.

Ripper (n.) One who, or that which, rips; a ripping tool.

Ripper (n.) A tool for trimming the edges of roofing slates.

Ripper (n.) Anything huge, extreme, startling, etc.

Ripple (n.) The fretting or dimpling of the surface, as of running water; little curling waves.

Ripple (n.) A little wave or undulation; a sound such as is made by little waves; as, a ripple of laughter.

Ripple (n.) a small wave on the surface of water or other liquids for which the driving force is not gravity, but surface tension.

Ripple (n.) the residual AC component in the DC current output from a rectifier, expressed as a percentage of the steady component of the current.

Ripplet (n.) A small ripple.

Riprap (n.) A foundation or sustaining wall of stones thrown together without order, as in deep water or on a soft bottom.

Riptowel (n.) A gratuity given to tenants after they had reaped their lord's corn.

Ris (n.) A bough or branch; a twig.

Rise (n.) The act of rising, or the state of being risen.

Rise (n.) The distance through which anything rises; as, the rise of the thermometer was ten degrees; the rise of the river was six feet; the rise of an arch or of a step.

Rise (n.) Land which is somewhat higher than the rest; as, the house stood on a rise of land.

Rise (n.) Spring; source; origin; as, the rise of a stream.

Rise (n.) Appearance above the horizon; as, the rise of the sun or of a planet.

Rise (n.) Increase; advance; augmentation, as of price, value, rank, property, fame, and the like.

Rise (n.) Increase of sound; a swelling of the voice.

Rise (n.) Elevation or ascent of the voice; upward change of key; as, a rise of a tone or semitone.

Rise (n.) The spring of a fish to seize food (as a fly) near the surface of the water.

Riser (n.) One who rises; as, an early riser.

Riser (n.) The upright piece of a step, from tread to tread.

Riser (n.) Any small upright face, as of a seat, platform, veranda, or the like.

Riser (n.) A shaft excavated from below upward.

Riser (n.) A feed head. See under Feed, n.

Rish (n.) A rush (the plant).

Risibility (n.) The quality of being risible; as, risibility is peculiar to the human species.

Rising (n.) The act of one who, or that which, rises (in any sense).

Rising (n.) That which rises; a tumor; a boil.

Risk (n.) Hazard; danger; peril; exposure to loss, injury, or destruction.

Risk (n.) Hazard of loss; liabillity to loss in property.

Risk (n.) To expose to risk, hazard, or peril; to venture; as, to risk goods on board of a ship; to risk one's person in battle; to risk one's fame by a publication.

Risk (n.) To incur the risk or danger of; as, to risk a battle.

Risker (n.) One who risks or hazards.

Risotto (n.) A kind of pottage.

Rissoid (n.) Any one of very numerous species of small spiral gastropods of the genus Rissoa, or family Rissoidae, found both in fresh and salt water.

Rissole (n.) A small ball of rich minced meat or fish, covered with pastry and fried.

Rite (n.) The act of performing divine or solemn service, as established by law, precept, or custom; a formal act of religion or other solemn duty; a solemn observance; a ceremony; as, the rites of freemasonry.

Ritornelle (n.) Alt. of Ritornello

Ritornello (n.) A short return or repetition; a concluding symphony to an air, often consisting of the burden of the song.

Ritornello (n.) A short intermediate symphony, or instrumental passage, in the course of a vocal piece; an interlude.

Ritratto (n.) A picture.

Ritual (n.) A prescribed form of performing divine service in a particular church or communion; as, the Jewish ritual.

Ritual (n.) Hence, the code of ceremonies observed by an organization; as, the ritual of the freemasons.

Ritual (n.) A book containing the rites to be observed.

Ritualism (n.) A system founded upon a ritual or prescribed form of religious worship; adherence to, or observance of, a ritual.

Ritualism (n.) Specifically :(a) The principles and practices of those in the Church of England, who in the development of the Oxford movement, so-called, have insisted upon a return to the use in church services of the symbolic ornaments (altar cloths, encharistic vestments, candles, etc.) that were sanctioned in the second year of Edward VI., and never, as they maintain, forbidden by competennt authority, although generally disused. Schaff-Herzog Encyc. (b) Also, the principles and practi>

Ritualist (n.) One skilled un, or attached to, a ritual; one who advocates or practices ritualism.

Rivage (n.) A bank, shore, or coast.

Rivage (n.) A duty paid to the crown for the passage of vessels on certain rivers.

Rival (n.) A person having a common right or privilege with another; a partner.

Rival (n.) One who is in pursuit of the same object as another; one striving to reach or obtain something which another is attempting to obtain, and which one only can posses; a competitor; as, rivals in love; rivals for a crown.

Rivaless (n.) A female rival.

Rivality (n.) Rivalry; competition.

Rivality (n.) Equality, as of right or rank.

Rivalry (n.) The act of rivaling, or the state of being a rival; a competition.

Rivalship (n.) Rivalry.

Rive (n.) A place torn; a rent; a rift.

Rivel (n.) A wrinkle; a rimple.

River (n.) One who rives or splits.

River (n.) A large stream of water flowing in a bed or channel and emptying into the ocean, a sea, a lake, or another stream; a stream larger than a rivulet or brook.

River (n.) Fig.: A large stream; copious flow; abundance; as, rivers of blood; rivers of oil.

Riveret (n.) A rivulet.

Riverhood (n.) The quality or state of being a river.

Riverling (n.) A rivulet.

Riverside (n.) The side or bank of a river.

Rivet (n.) A metallic pin with a head, used for uniting two plates or pieces of material together, by passing it through them and then beating or pressing down the point so that it shall spread out and form a second head; a pin or bolt headed or clinched at both ends.

Riveter (n.) One who rivets.

Riveting (n.) The act of joining with rivets; the act of spreading out and clinching the end, as of a rivet, by beating or pressing.

Riveting (n.) The whole set of rivets, collectively.

Rivulet (n.) A small stream or brook; a streamlet.

Rixation (n.) A brawl or quarrel.

Rixatrix (n.) A scolding or quarrelsome woman; a scold.

Rixdaler (n.) A Dutch silver coin, worth about $1.00.

Rix-dollar (n.) A name given to several different silver coins of Denmark, Holland, Sweden,, NOrway, etc., varying in value from about 30 cents to $1.10; also, a British coin worth about 36 cents, used in Ceylon and at the Cape of Good Hope. See Rigsdaler, Riksdaler, and Rixdaler.

Roach (n.) A cockroach.

Roach (n.) A European fresh-water fish of the Carp family (Leuciscus rutilus). It is silver-white, with a greenish back.

Roach (n.) An American chub (Semotilus bullaris); the fallfish.

Roach (n.) The redfin, or shiner.

Roach (n.) A convex curve or arch cut in the edge of a sail to prevent chafing, or to secure a better fit.

Road (n.) A journey, or stage of a journey.

Road (n.) An inroad; an invasion; a raid.

Road (n.) A place where one may ride; an open way or public passage for vehicles, persons, and animals; a track for travel, forming a means of communication between one city, town, or place, and another.

Road (n.) A place where ships may ride at anchor at some distance from the shore; a roadstead; -- often in the plural; as, Hampton Roads.

Roadbed (n.) In railroads, the bed or foundation on which the superstructure (ties, rails, etc.) rests; in common roads, the whole material laid in place and ready for travel.

Roadmaker (n.) One who makes roads.

Roadside (n.) Land adjoining a road or highway; the part of a road or highway that borders the traveled part. Also used ajectively.

Roadstead (n.) An anchorage off shore. Same as Road, 4.

Roadster (n.) A clumsy vessel that works its way from one anchorage to another by means of the tides.

Roadster (n.) A horse that is accustomed to traveling on the high road, or is suitable for use on ordinary roads.

Roadster (n.) A bicycle or tricycle adapted for common roads rather than for the racing track.

Roadster (n.) One who drives much; a coach driver.

Roadster (n.) A hunter who keeps to the roads instead of following the hounds across country.

Roadway (n.) A road; especially, the part traveled by carriages.

Roam (n.) The act of roaming; a wandering; a ramble; as, he began his roam o'er hill amd dale.

Roamer (n.) One who roams; a wanderer.

Roan (n.) The color of a roan horse; a roan color.

Roan (n.) A roan horse.

Roan (n.) A kind of leather used for slippers, bookbinding, etc., made from sheepskin, tanned with sumac and colored to imitate ungrained morocco.

Roar (n.) The sound of roaring.

Roar (n.) The deep, loud cry of a wild beast; as, the roar of a lion.

Roar (n.) The cry of one in pain, distress, anger, or the like.

Roar (n.) A loud, continuous, and confused sound; as, the roar of a cannon, of the wind, or the waves; the roar of ocean.

Roar (n.) A boisterous outcry or shouting, as in mirth.

Roarer (n.) One who, or that which, roars.

Roarer (n.) A riotous fellow; a roaring boy.

Roarer (n.) A horse subject to roaring. See Roaring, 2.

Roarer (n.) The barn owl.

Roaring (n.) A loud, deep, prolonged sound, as of a large beast, or of a person in distress, anger, mirth, etc., or of a noisy congregation.

Roaring (n.) An affection of the windpipe of a horse, causing a loud, peculiar noise in breathing under exertion; the making of the noise so caused. See Roar, v. i., 5.

Roast (n.) That which is roasted; a piece of meat which has been roasted, or is suitable for being roasted.

Roaster (n.) One who roasts meat.

Roaster (n.) A contrivance for roasting.

Roaster (n.) A pig, or other article of food fit for roasting.

Rob (n.) The inspissated juice of ripe fruit, obtained by evaporation of the juice over a fire till it acquires the consistence of a sirup. It is sometimes mixed with honey or sugar.

Roband (n.) See Roperand.

Robber (n.) One who robs; in law, one who feloniously takes goods or money from the person of another by violence or by putting him in fear.

Robbery (n.) The act or practice of robbing; theft.

Robbery (n.) The crime of robbing. See Rob, v. t., 2.

Robbin (n.) A kind of package in which pepper and other dry commodities are sometimes exported from the East Indies. The robbin of rice in Malabar weighs about 84 pounds.

Robbin (n.) See Ropeband.

Robe-de-chambre (n.) A dressing gown, or morning gown.

Roberdsman (n.) Alt. of Robertsman

Robertsman (n.) A bold, stout robber, or night thief; -- said to be so called from Robin Hood.

Robert (n.) See Herb Robert, under Herb.

Robin (n.) A small European singing bird (Erythacus rubecula), having a reddish breast; -- called also robin redbreast, robinet, and ruddock.

Robin (n.) An American singing bird (Merula migratoria), having the breast chestnut, or dull red. The upper parts are olive-gray, the head and tail blackish. Called also robin redbreast, and migratory thrush.

Robin (n.) Any one of several species of Australian warblers of the genera Petroica, Melanadrays, and allied genera; as, the scarlet-breasted robin (Petroica mullticolor).

Robin (n.) Any one of several Asiatic birds; as, the Indian robins. See Indian robin, below.

Robinet (n.) The chaffinch; -- called also roberd.

Robinet (n.) The European robin.

Robinet (n.) A military engine formerly used for throwing darts and stones.

Robing (n.) The act of putting on a robe.

Robinia (n.) A genus of leguminous trees including the common locust of North America (Robinia Pseudocacia).

Roborant (n.) A strengthening medicine; a tonic.

Roboration (n.) The act of strengthening.

Robustness (n.) The quality or state of being robust.

Roc (n.) A monstrous bird of Arabian mythology.

Rocambole (n.) A name of Allium Scorodoprasum and A. Ascalonium, two kinds of garlic, the latter of which is also called shallot.

Roccellin (n.) A red dyestuff, used as a substitute for cochineal, archil, etc. It consists of the sodium salt of a complex azo derivative of naphtol.

Roche (n.) Rock.

Rochelime (n.) Lime in the lump after it is burned; quicklime.

Rochelle (n.) A seaport town in France.

Rochet (n.) A

Rochet (n.) A frock or outer garment worn in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries.

Rochet (n.) The red gurnard, or gurnet. See Gurnard.

Rock (n.) See Roc.

Rock (n.) A distaff used in spinning; the staff or frame about which flax is arranged, and from which the thread is drawn in spinning.

Rock (n.) A large concreted mass of stony material; a large fixed stone or crag. See Stone.

Rock (n.) Any natural deposit forming a part of the earth's crust, whether consolidated or not, including sand, earth, clay, etc., when in natural beds.

Rock (n.) That which resembles a rock in firmness; a defense; a support; a refuge.

Rock (n.) Fig.: Anything which causes a disaster or wreck resembling the wreck of a vessel upon a rock.

Rock (n.) The striped bass. See under Bass.

Rockelay (n.) Alt. of Rocklay

Rocklay (n.) See Rokelay.

Rocker (n.) One who rocks; specifically, one who rocks a cradle.

Rocker (n.) One of the curving pieces of wood or metal on which a cradle, chair, etc., rocks.

Rocker (n.) Any implement or machine working with a rocking motion, as a trough mounted on rockers for separating gold dust from gravel, etc., by agitation in water.

Rocker (n.) A play horse on rockers; a rocking-horse.

Rocker (n.) A chair mounted on rockers; a rocking-chair.

Rocker (n.) A skate with a curved blade, somewhat resembling in shape the rocker of a cradle.

Rocker (n.) Same as Rock shaft.

Rockery (n.) A mound formed of fragments of rock, earth, etc., and set with plants.

Rocket (n.) A cruciferous plant (Eruca sativa) sometimes eaten in Europe as a salad.

Rocket (n.) Damewort.

Rocket (n.) Rocket larkspur. See below.

Rocket (n.) An artificial firework consisting of a cylindrical case of paper or metal filled with a composition of combustible ingredients, as niter, charcoal, and sulphur, and fastened to a guiding stick. The rocket is projected through the air by the force arising from the expansion of the gases liberated by combustion of the composition. Rockets are used as projectiles for various purposes, for signals, and also for pyrotechnic display.

Rocket (n.) A blunt lance head used in the joust.

Rocketer (n.) A bird, especially a pheasant, which, being flushed, rises straight in the air like a rocket.

Rockfish (n.) Any one of several California scorpaenoid food fishes of the genus Sebastichthys, as the red rockfish (S. ruber). They are among the most important of California market fishes. Called also rock cod, and garrupa.

Rockfish (n.) The striped bass. See Bass.

Rockfish (n.) Any one of several species of Florida and Bermuda groupers of the genus Epinephelus.

Rockfish (n.) An American fresh-water darter; the log perch.

Rockiness (n.) The state or quality of being rocky.

Rocking-chair (n.) A chair mounted on rockers, in which one may rock.

Rocking-horse (n.) The figure of a horse, mounted upon rockers, for children to ride.

Rocking-stone (n.) A stone, often of great size and weight, resting upon another stone, and so exactly poised that it can be rocked, or slightly moved, with but little force.

Rockling (n.) Any species of small marine fishes of the genera Onos and Rhinonemus (formerly Motella), allied to the cod. They have three or four barbels.

Rockrose (n.) A name given to any species of the genus Helianthemum, low shrubs or herbs with yellow flowers, especially the European H. vulgare and the American frostweed, H. Canadense.

Rocksucker (n.) A lamprey.

Rockweed (n.) Any coarse seaweed growing on sea-washed rocks, especially Fucus.

Rockwood (n.) Ligniform asbestus; also, fossil wood.

Rockwork (n.) Stonework in which the surface is left broken and rough.

Rockwork (n.) A rockery.

Rocoa (n.) The orange-colored pulp covering the seeds of the tropical plant Bixa Orellana, from which annotto is prepared. See Annoto.

Rococo (n.) A florid style of ornamentation which prevailed in Europe in the latter part of the eighteenth century.

Rod (n.) A straight and slender stick; a wand; hence, any slender bar, as of wood or metal (applied to various purposes).

Rod (n.) An instrument of punishment or correction; figuratively, chastisement.

Rod (n.) A kind of sceptor, or badge of office; hence, figuratively, power; authority; tyranny; oppression.

Rod (n.) A support for a fishing

Rod (n.) A member used in tension, as for sustaining a suspended weight, or in tension and compression, as for transmitting reciprocating motion, etc.; a connecting bar.

Rod (n.) An instrument for measuring.

Rod (n.) A measure of length containing sixteen and a half feet; -- called also perch, and pole.

Rode (n.) Redness; complexion.

Rode (n.) See Rood, the cross.

Rodent (n.) One of the Rodentia.

Rodeo (n.) A round-up. See Round-up.

Rodge (n.) The gadwall.

Rodomel (n.) Juice of roses mixed with honey.

Rodomont (n.) A vain or blustering boaster; a braggart; a braggadocio.

Rodomontade (n.) Vain boasting; empty bluster or vaunting; rant.

Rodomontadist (n.) One who boasts.

Rodomontado (n.) Rodomontade.

Rodomontador (n.) A rodomontadist.

Rodsman (n.) One who carries and holds a leveling staff, or rod, in a surveying party.

Roe (n.) A roebuck. See Roebuck.

Roe (n.) The female of any species of deer.

Roe (n.) The ova or spawn of fishes and amphibians, especially when still inclosed in the ovarian membranes. Sometimes applied, loosely, to the sperm and the testes of the male.

Roe (n.) A mottled appearance of light and shade in wood, especially in mahogany.

Roebuck (n.) A small European and Asiatic deer (Capreolus capraea) having erect, cylindrical, branched antlers, forked at the summit. This, the smallest European deer, is very nimble and graceful. It always prefers a mountainous country, or high grounds.

Roedeer (n.) The roebuck.

Roestone (n.) Same as Oolite.

Rogation (n.) The demand, by the consuls or tribunes, of a law to be passed by the people; a proposed law or decree.

Rogation (n.) Litany; supplication.

Rogue (n.) A vagrant; an idle, sturdy beggar; a vagabond; a tramp.

Rogue (n.) A deliberately dishonest person; a knave; a cheat.

Rogue (n.) One who is pleasantly mischievous or frolicsome; hence, often used as a term of endearment.

Rogue (n.) An elephant that has separated from a herd and roams about alone, in which state it is very savage.

Rogue (n.) A worthless plant occuring among seedlings of some choice variety.

Roguery (n.) The life of a vargant.

Roguery (n.) The practices of a rogue; knavish tricks; cheating; fraud; dishonest practices.

Roguery (n.) Arch tricks; mischievousness.

Rogueship (n.) The quality or state of being a rogue.

Rohob (n.) An inspissated juice. See Rob.

Roin (n.) A scab; a scurf, or scurfy spot.

Roister (n.) See Roisterer.

Roisterer (n.) A blustering, turbulent fellow.

Rokambole (n.) See Rocambole.

Roke (n.) Mist; smoke; damp

Roke (n.) A vein of ore.

Rokeage (n.) Alt. of Rokee

Rokee (n.) Parched Indian corn, pounded up and mixed with sugar; -- called also yokeage.

Rokelay (n.) A short cloak.

Role (n.) A part, or character, performed by an actor in a drama; hence, a part of function taken or assumed by any one; as, he has now taken the role of philanthropist.

Roll (n.) To cause to revolve by turning over and over; to move by turning on an axis; to impel forward by causing to turn over and over on a supporting surface; as, to roll a wheel, a ball, or a barrel.

Roll (n.) To wrap round on itself; to form into a spherical or cylindrical body by causing to turn over and over; as, to roll a sheet of paper; to roll parchment; to roll clay or putty into a ball.

Roll (n.) To bind or involve by winding, as in a bandage; to inwrap; -- often with up; as, to roll up a parcel.

Roll (n.) To drive or impel forward with an easy motion, as of rolling; as, a river rolls its waters to the ocean.

Roll (n.) To utter copiously, esp. with sounding words; to utter with a deep sound; -- often with forth, or out; as, to roll forth some one's praises; to roll out sentences.

Roll (n.) To press or level with a roller; to spread or form with a roll, roller, or rollers; as, to roll a field; to roll paste; to roll steel rails, etc.

Roll (n.) To move, or cause to be moved, upon, or by means of, rollers or small wheels.

Roll (n.) To beat with rapid, continuous strokes, as a drum; to sound a roll upon.

Roll (n.) To apply (one

Roll (n.) To turn over in one's mind; to revolve.

Roller (n.) One who, or that which, rolls; especially, a cylinder, sometimes grooved, of wood, stone, metal, etc., used in husbandry and the arts.

Roller (n.) A bandage; a fillet; properly, a long and broad bandage used in surgery.

Roller (n.) One of series of long, heavy waves which roll in upon a coast, sometimes in calm weather.

Roller (n.) A long, belt-formed towel, to be suspended on a rolling cylinder; -- called also roller towel.

Roller (n.) A cylinder coated with a composition made principally of glue and molassess, with which forms of type are inked previously to taking an impression from them.

Roller (n.) A long cylinder on which something is rolled up; as, the roller of a man.

Roller (n.) A small wheel, as of a caster, a roller skate, etc.

Roller (n.) ANy insect whose larva rolls up leaves; a leaf roller. see Tortrix.

Roller (n.) Any one of numerous species of Old World picarian birds of the family Coraciadae. The name alludes to their habit of suddenly turning over or "tumbling" in flight.

Roller (n.) Any species of small ground snakes of the family Tortricidae.

Rolley (n.) A small wagon used for the underground work of a mine.

Rolling-pin (n.) A cylindrical piece of wood or other material, with which paste or dough may be rolled out and reduced to a proper thickness.

Rollway (n.) A place prepared for rolling logs into a stream.

Rolly-poly (n.) A kind of pudding made of paste spread with fruit, rolled into a cylindrical form, and boiled or steamed.

Rolly-pooly (n.) A game in which a ball, rolling into a certain place, wins.

Romaic (n.) The modern Greek language, now usually called by the Greeks Hellenic or Neo-Hellenic.

Roman (n.) A native, or permanent resident, of Rome; a citizen of Rome, or one upon whom certain rights and privileges of a Roman citizen were conferred.

Roman (n.) Roman type, letters, or print, collectively; -- in distinction from Italics.

Romance (n.) A species of fictitious writing, originally composed in meter in the Romance dialects, and afterward in prose, such as the tales of the court of Arthur, and of Amadis of Gaul; hence, any fictitious and wonderful tale; a sort of novel, especially one which treats of surprising adventures usually befalling a hero or a heroine; a tale of extravagant adventures, of love, and the like.

Romance (n.) An adventure, or series of extraordinary events, resembling those narrated in romances; as, his courtship, or his life, was a romance.

Romance (n.) A dreamy, imaginative habit of mind; a disposition to ignore what is real; as, a girl full of romance.

Romance (n.) The languages, or rather the several dialects, which were originally forms of popular or vulgar Latin, and have now developed into Italian. Spanish, French, etc. (called the Romanic languages).

Romance (n.) A short lyric tale set to music; a song or short instrumental piece in ballad style; a romanza.

Romancer (n.) One who romances.

Romancist (n.) A romancer.

Romanesque (n.) Romanesque style.

Romanic (n.) Of or pertaining to Rome or its people.

Romanic (n.) Of or pertaining to any or all of the various languages which, during the Middle Ages, sprung out of the old Roman, or popular form of Latin, as the Italian, Spanish, Portuguese, French, Provencal, etc.

Romanic (n.) Related to the Roman people by descent; -- said especially of races and nations speaking any of the Romanic tongues.

Romanism (n.) The tenets of the Church of Rome; the Roman Catholic religion.

Romanist (n.) One who adheres to Romanism.

Romanizer (n.) One who Romanizes.

Romansch (n.) The language of the Grisons in Switzerland, a corruption of the Latin.

Romant (n.) A romaunt.

Romanticism (n.) A fondness for romantic characteristics or peculiarities; specifically, in modern literature, an aiming at romantic effects; -- applied to the productions of a school of writers who sought to revive certain medi/val forms and methods in opposition to the so-called classical style.

Romanticist (n.) One who advocates romanticism in modern literature.

Romanticness (n.) The state or quality of being romantic; widness; fancifulness.

Romany (n.) A gypsy.

Romany (n.) The language spoken among themselves by the gypsies.

Romanza (n.) See Romance, 5.

Romaunt (n.) A romantic story in verse; as, the "Romaunt of the Rose."


Romeine (n.) Alt. of Romeite

Romeite (n.) A mineral of a hyacinth or honey-yellow color, occuring in square octahedrons. It is an antimonate of calcium.

Romekin (n.) A drinking cup.

Romic (n.) A method of notation for all spoken sounds, proposed by Mr. Sweet; -- so called because it is based on the common Roman-letter alphabet. It is like the palaeotype of Mr. Ellis in the general plan, but simpler.

Romist (n.) A Roman Catholic.

Romp (n.) A girl who indulges in boisterous play.

Romp (n.) Rude, boisterous play or frolic; rough sport.

Roncador (n.) Any one of several species of California sciaenoid food fishes, especially Roncador Stearnsi, which is an excellent market fish, and the red roncador (Corvina, / Johnius, saturna).

Ronchil (n.) An American marine food fish (Bathymaster signatus) of the North Pacific coast, allied to the tilefish.

Ronco (n.) See Croaker, n., 2. (a).

Rondache (n.) A circular shield carried by foot soldiers.

Ronde (n.) A kind of script in which the heavy strokes are nearly upright, giving the characters when taken together a round look.

Rondeau (n.) A species of lyric poetry so composed as to contain a refrain or repetition which recurs according to a fixed law, and a limited number of rhymes recurring also by rule.

Rondeau (n.) See Rondo, 1.

Rondel (n.) A small round tower erected at the foot of a bastion.

Rondel (n.) Same as Rondeau.

Rondel (n.) Specifically, a particular form of rondeau containing fourteen

Rondeletia (n.) A tropical genus of rubiaceous shrubs which often have brilliant flowers.

Rondle (n.) A rondeau.

Rondle (n.) A round mass, plate, or disk; especially (Metal.), the crust or scale which forms upon the surface of molten metal in the crucible.

Rondo (n.) A composition, vocal or instrumental, commonly of a lively, cheerful character, in which the first strain recurs after each of the other strains.

Rondo (n.) See Rondeau, 1.

Rondure (n.) A round; a circle.

Rondure (n.) Roundness; plumpness.

Rong (n.) Rung (of a ladder).

Rongeur (n.) An instrument for removing small rough portions of bone.

Ronion (n.) Alt. of Ronyon

Ronyon (n.) A mangy or scabby creature.

Ront (n.) A runt.

Rood (n.) A representation in sculpture or in painting of the cross with Christ hanging on it.

Rood (n.) A measure of five and a half yards in length; a rod; a perch; a pole.

Rood (n.) The fourth part of an acre, or forty square rods.

Roodebok (n.) The pallah.

Roof (n.) The cover of any building, including the roofing (see Roofing) and all the materials and construction necessary to carry and maintain the same upon the walls or other uprights. In the case of a building with vaulted ceilings protected by an outer roof, some writers call the vault the roof, and the outer protection the roof mask. It is better, however, to consider the vault as the ceiling only, in cases where it has farther covering.

Roof (n.) That which resembles, or corresponds to, the covering or the ceiling of a house; as, the roof of a cavern; the roof of the mouth.

Roof (n.) The surface or bed of rock immediately overlying a bed of coal or a flat vein.

Roofer (n.) One who puts on roofs.

Roofing (n.) The act of covering with a roof.

Roofing (n.) The materials of which a roof is composed; materials for a roof.

Roofing (n.) Hence, the roof itself; figuratively, shelter.

Roofing (n.) The wedging, as of a horse or car, against the top of an underground passage.

Rooflet (n.) A small roof, covering, or shelter.

Rooftree (n.) The beam in the angle of a roof; hence, the roof itself.

Rook (n.) Mist; fog. See Roke.

Rook (n.) One of the four pieces placed on the corner squares of the board; a castle.

Rook (n.) A European bird (Corvus frugilegus) resembling the crow, but smaller. It is black, with purple and violet reflections. The base of the beak and the region around it are covered with a rough, scabrous skin, which in old birds is whitish. It is gregarious in its habits. The name is also applied to related Asiatic species.

Rook (n.) A trickish, rapacious fellow; a cheat; a sharper.

Rookery (n.) The breeding place of a colony of rooks; also, the birds themselves.

Rookery (n.) A breeding place of other gregarious birds, as of herons, penguins, etc.

Rookery (n.) The breeding ground of seals, esp. of the fur seals.

Rookery (n.) A dilapidated building with many rooms and occupants; a cluster of dilapidated or mean buildings.

Rookery (n.) A brothel.

Room (n.) Unobstructed spase; space which may be occupied by or devoted to any object; compass; extent of place, great or small; as, there is not room for a house; the table takes up too much room.

Room (n.) A particular portion of space appropriated for occupancy; a place to sit, stand, or lie; a seat.

Room (n.) Especially, space in a building or ship inclosed or set apart by a partition; an apartment or chamber.

Room (n.) Place or position in society; office; rank; post; station; also, a place or station once belonging to, or occupied by, another, and vacated.

Room (n.) Possibility of admission; ability to admit; opportunity to act; fit occasion; as, to leave room for hope.

Roomage (n.) Space; place; room.

Roomer (n.) A lodger.

Roomful (n.) As much or many as a room will hold; as, a roomful of men.

Roominess (n.) The quality or state of being roomy; spaciousness; as, the roominess of a hall.

Roommate (n.) One of twe or more occupying the same room or rooms; one who shares the occupancy of a room or rooms; a chum.

Roomth (n.) Room; space.

Roop (n.) See Roup.

Roorback (n.) Alt. of Roorbach

Roorbach (n.) A defamatory forgery or falsehood published for purposes of political intrigue.

Roost (n.) Roast.

Roost (n.) The pole or other support on which fowls rest at night; a perch.

Roost (n.) A collection of fowls roosting together.

Roostcock (n.) The male of the domestic fowl; a cock.

Rooster (n.) The male of the domestic fowl; a cock.

Root (n.) The underground portion of a plant, whether a true root or a tuber, a bulb or rootstock, as in the potato, the onion, or the sweet flag.

Root (n.) The descending, and commonly branching, axis of a plant, increasing in length by growth at its extremity only, not divided into joints, leafless and without buds, and having for its offices to fix the plant in the earth, to supply it with moisture and soluble matters, and sometimes to serve as a reservoir of nutriment for future growth. A true root, however, may never reach the ground, but may be attached to a wall, etc., as in the ivy, or may hang loosely in the air, as in some e>

Root (n.) An edible or esculent root, especially of such plants as produce a single root, as the beet, carrot, etc.; as, the root crop.

Root (n.) That which resembles a root in position or function, esp. as a source of nourishment or support; that from which anything proceeds as if by growth or development; as, the root of a tooth, a nail, a cancer, and the like.

Root (n.) An ancestor or progenitor; and hence, an early race; a stem.

Root (n.) A primitive form of speech; one of the earliest terms employed in language; a word from which other words are formed; a radix, or radical.

Root (n.) The cause or occasion by which anything is brought about; the source.

Root (n.) That factor of a quantity which when multiplied into itself will produce that quantity; thus, 3 is a root of 9, because 3 multiplied into itself produces 9; 3 is the cube root of 27.

Root (n.) The fundamental tone of any chord; the tone from whose harmonics, or overtones, a chord is composed.

Root (n.) The lowest place, position, or part.

Root (n.) The time which to reckon in making calculations.

Rootcap (n.) A mass of parenchymatous cells which covers and protects the growing cells at the end of a root; a pileorhiza.

Rooter (n.) One who, or that which, roots; one that tears up by the roots.

Rootery (n.) A pile of roots, set with plants, mosses, etc., and used as an ornamental object in gardening.

Rootlet (n.) A radicle; a little root.

Rootstock (n.) A perennial underground stem, producing leafly s/ems or flower stems from year to year; a rhizome.

Rope (n.) A large, stout cord, usually one not less than an inch in circumference, made of strands twisted or braided together. It differs from cord,

Rope (n.) A row or string consisting of a number of things united, as by braiding, twining, etc.; as, a rope of onions.

Rope (n.) The small intestines; as, the ropes of birds.

Ropeband (n.) A small piece of spun yarn or mar

Ropedancer (n.) One who dances, walks, or performs acrobatic feats, on a rope extended through the air at some height.

Roper (n.) A maker of ropes.

Roper (n.) One who ropes goods; a packer.

Roper (n.) One fit to be hanged.

Ropery (n.) A place where ropes are made.

Ropery (n.) Tricks deserving the halter; roguery.

Ropewalker (n.) A ropedancer.

Rope-yarn (n.) the yarn or thread of any stuff of which the strands of a rope are made.

Ropiness (n.) Quality of being ropy; viscosity.

Roquelaure (n.) A cloak reaching about to, or just below, the knees, worn in the 18th century.

Roration (n.) A falling of dew.

Rorqual (n.) A very large North Atlantic whalebone whale (Physalus antiquorum, or Balaenoptera physalus). It has a dorsal fin, and strong longitudinal folds on the throat and belly. Called also razorback.

Rosalgar (n.) realgar.

Rosalia (n.) A form of melody in which a phrase or passage is successively repeated, each time a step or half step higher; a melodic sequence.


Rosarian (n.) A cultivator of roses.

Rosary (n.) A bed of roses, or place where roses grow.

Rosary (n.) A series of prayers (see Note below) arranged to be recited in order, on beads; also, a string of beads by which the prayers are counted.

Rosary (n.) A chapelet; a garland; a series or collection, as of beautiful thoughts or of literary selections.

Rosary (n.) A coin bearing the figure of a rose, fraudulently circulated in Ireland in the 13th century for a penny.

Roscoelite (n.) A green micaceous mineral occurring in minute scales. It is essentially a silicate of aluminia and potash containing vanadium.

Rose (n.) A flower and shrub of any species of the genus Rosa, of which there are many species, mostly found in the morthern hemispere

Rose (n.) A knot of ribbon formed like a rose; a rose knot; a rosette, esp. one worn on a shoe.

Rose (n.) A rose window. See Rose window, below.

Rose (n.) A perforated nozzle, as of a pipe, spout, etc., for delivering water in fine jets; a rosehead; also, a strainer at the foot of a pump.

Rose (n.) The erysipelas.

Rose (n.) The card of the mariner's compass; also, a circular card with radiating

Rose (n.) The color of a rose; rose-red; pink.

Rose (n.) A diamond. See Rose diamond, below.

Rosebay (n.) the oleander.

Rosebay (n.) Any shrub of the genus Rhododendron.

Rosebay (n.) An herb (Epilobium spicatum) with showy purple flowers, common in Europe and North America; -- called also great willow herb.

Rosebud (n.) The flower of a rose before it opens, or when but partially open.

Rosebush (n.) The bush or shrub which bears roses.

Rosedrop (n.) A lozenge having a rose flavor.

Rosedrop (n.) A kind of earring.

Rosedrop (n.) A ruddy eruption upon the nose caused by drinking ardent spirits; a grog blossom.

Rosefinch (n.) Any one of numerous species of Asiatic finches of the genera Carpodacus, and Propasser, and allied genera, in which the male is more or less colored with rose red.

Rosefish (n.) A large marine scorpaenoid food fish (Sebastes marinus) found on the northern coasts of Europe and America. called also red perch, hemdurgan, Norway haddok, and also, erroneously, snapper, bream, and bergylt.

Rosehead (n.) See Rose, n., 4.

Rosehead (n.) A many-sided pyramidal head upon a nail; also a nail with such a head.

Roseine (n.) See Magenta.

Roselite (n.) A hydrous arsenite of cobalt, occuring in small red crystals, allied to erythrite.

Rosella (n.) A beautiful Australian parrakeet (Platycercus eximius) often kept as a cage bird. The head and back of the neck are scarlet, the throat is white, the back dark green varied with lighter green, and the breast yellow.

Roselle (n.) a malvaceous plant (Hibiscus Sabdariffa) cultivated in the east and West Indies for its fleshy calyxes, which are used for making tarts and jelly and an acid drink.

Rosemaloes (n.) The liquid storax of the East Indian Liquidambar orientalis.

Rosemary (n.) A labiate shrub (Rosmarinus officinalis) with narrow grayish leaves, growing native in the southern part of France, Spain, and Italy, also in Asia Minor and in China. It has a fragrant smell, and a warm, pungent, bitterish taste. It is used in cookery, perfumery, etc., and is an emblem of fidelity or constancy.

Roseola (n.) A rose-colored efflorescence upon the skin, occurring in circumscribed patches of little or no elevation and often alternately fading and reviving; also, an acute specific disease which is characterized by an eruption of this character; -- called also rose rash.

Roser (n.) A rosier; a rosebush.

Rose-rial (n.) A name of several English gold coins struck in different reigns and having having different values; a rose noble.

Roseroot (n.) A fleshy-leaved herb (Rhodiola rosea); rosewort; -- so called because the roots have the odor of roses.

Rosery (n.) A place where roses are cultivated; a nursery of roses. See Rosary, 1.

Roset (n.) A red color used by painters.

Rosette (n.) An imitation of a rose by means of ribbon or other material, -- used as an ornament or a badge.

Rosette (n.) An ornament in the form of a rose or roundel, -much used in decoration.

Rosette (n.) A red color. See Roset.

Rosette (n.) A rose burner. See under Rose.

Rosette (n.) Any structure having a flowerlike form; especially, the group of five broad ambulacra on the upper side of the spatangoid and clypeastroid sea urchins. See Illust. of Spicule, and Sand dollar, under Sand.

Rosette (n.) A flowerlike color marking; as, the rosettes on the leopard.

Rosewood (n.) A valuable cabinet wood of a dark red color, streaked and variegated with black, obtained from several tropical leguminous trees of the genera Dalbergia and Machaerium. The finest kind is from Brazil, and is said to be from the Dalbergia nigra.

Roseworm (n.) The larva of any one of several species of lepidopterous insects which feed upon the leaves, buds, or blossoms of the rose, especially Cacaecia rosaceana, which rolls up the leaves for a nest, and devours both the leaves and buds.

Rosewort (n.) Roseroot.

Rosewort (n.) Any plant nearly related to the rose.

Rosicrucian (n.) One who, in the 17th century and the early part of the 18th, claimed to belong to a secret society of philosophers deeply versed in the secrets of nature, -- the alleged society having existed, it was stated, several hundred years.

Rosier (n.) A rosebush; roses, collectively.

Rosin (n.) The hard, amber-colored resin left after distilling off the volatile oil of turpentine; colophony.

Rosiness (n.) The quality of being rosy.

Rosinweed (n.) The compass plant. See under Compass.

Rosinweed (n.) A name given in California to various composite plants which secrete resins or have a resinous smell.

Rosland (n.) heathy land; land full of heather; moorish or watery land.

Rosmarine (n.) Dew from the sea; sea dew.

Rosmarine (n.) Rosemary.

Rosmarine (n.) A fabulous sea animal which was reported to climb by means of its teeth to the tops of rocks to feed upon the dew.

Ross (n.) The rough, scaly matter on the surface of the bark of trees.

Rossel (n.) Light land; rosland.

Rost (n.) See Roust.

Rostel (n.) same as Rostellum.

Rostellum (n.) A small beaklike process or extension of some part; a small rostrum; as, the rostellum of the stigma of violets, or of the operculum of many mosses; the rostellum on the head of a tapeworm.

Roster (n.) A register or roll showing the order in which officers, enlisted men, companies, or regiments are called on to serve.

Rostrulum (n.) A little rostrum, or beak, as of an insect.

Rostrum (n.) The beak or head of a ship.

Rostrum (n.) The Beaks; the stage or platform in the forum where orations, pleadings, funeral harangues, etc., were delivered; -- so called because after the Latin war, it was adorned with the beaks of captured vessels; later, applied also to other platforms erected in Rome for the use of public orators.

Rostrum (n.) Hence, a stage for public speaking; the pulpit or platform occupied by an orator or public speaker.

Rostrum (n.) Any beaklike prolongation, esp. of the head of an animal, as the beak of birds.

Rostrum (n.) The beak, or sucking mouth parts, of Hemiptera.

Rostrum (n.) The snout of a gastropod mollusk. See Illust. of Littorina.

Rostrum (n.) The anterior, often spinelike, prolongation of the carapace of a crustacean, as in the lobster and the prawn.

Rostrum (n.) Same as Rostellum.

Rostrum (n.) The pipe to convey the distilling liquor into its receiver in the common alembic.

Rostrum (n.) A pair of forceps of various kinds, having a beaklike form.

Rot (n.) Process of rotting; decay; putrefaction.

Rot (n.) A disease or decay in fruits, leaves, or wood, supposed to be caused by minute fungi. See Bitter rot, Black rot, etc., below.

Rot (n.) A fatal distemper which attacks sheep and sometimes other animals. It is due to the presence of a parasitic worm in the liver or gall bladder. See 1st Fluke, 2.

Rota (n.) An ecclesiastical court of Rome, called also Rota Romana, that takes cognizance of suits by appeal. It consists of twelve members.

Rota (n.) A short-lived political club established in 1659 by J.Harrington to inculcate the democratic doctrine of election of the principal officers of the state by ballot, and the annual retirement of a portion of Parliament.

Rota (n.) A species of zither, played like a guitar, used in the Middle Ages in church music; -- written also rotta.

Rotacism (n.) See Rhotacism.

Rotalite (n.) Any fossil foraminifer of the genus Rotalia, abundant in the chalk formation. See Illust. under Rhizopod.

Rotascope (n.) Same as Gyroscope, 1.

Rotation (n.) The act of turning, as a wheel or a solid body on its axis, as distinguished from the progressive motion of a revolving round another body or a distant point; thus, the daily turning of the earth on its axis is a rotation; its annual motion round the sun is a revolution.

Rotation (n.) Any return or succesion in a series.

Rotator (n.) that which gives a rotary or rolling motion, as a muscle which partially rotates or turns some part on its axis.

Rotator (n.) A revolving reverberatory furnace.

Rotatory (n.) A rotifer.

Rotche (n.) A very small arctic sea bird (Mergulus alle, or Alle alle) common on both coasts of the Atlantic in winter; -- called also little auk, dovekie, rotch, rotchie, and sea dove.

Rotchet (n.) The European red gurnard (Trigla pini).

Rote (n.) A root.

Rote (n.) A kind of guitar, the notes of which were produced by a small wheel or wheel-like arrangement; an instrument similar to the hurdy-gurdy.

Rote (n.) The noise produced by the surf of the sea dashing upon the shore. See Rut.

Rote (n.) A frequent repetition of forms of speech without attention to the meaning; mere repetition; as, to learn rules by rote.

Rotella (n.) Any one of numerous species of small, polished, brightcolored gastropods of the genus Rotella, native of tropical seas.

Rotgut (n.) Bad small beer.

Rotgut (n.) Any bad spirituous liquor, especially when adulterated so as to be very deleterious.

Rother (n.) A bovine beast.

Rother (n.) A rudder.

Rotifer (n.) One of the Rotifera. See Illust. in Appendix.

Rotifera (n.) An order of minute worms which usually have one or two groups of vibrating cilia on the head, which, when in motion, often give an appearance of rapidly revolving wheels. The species are very numerous in fresh waters, and are very diversified in form and habits.

Rotta (n.) See Rota.

Rotula (n.) The patella, or kneepan.

Rotund (n.) A rotunda.

Rotundity (n.) The state or quality of being rotu/; roundness; sphericity; circularity.

Rotundity (n.) Hence, completeness; entirety; roundness.

Rotundness (n.) Roundness; rotundity.

Rotundo (n.) See Rotunda.

Roturer (n.) A roturier.

Roturier (n.) A person who is not of noble birth; specif., a freeman who during the prevalence of feudalism held allodial land.

Rouble (n.) A coin. See Ruble.

Rouche (n.) See Ruche.

Roue (n.) One devoted to a life of sensual pleasure; a debauchee; a rake.

Rouet (n.) A small wheel formerly fixed to the pan of firelocks for discharging them.

Rouge (n.) A red amorphous powder consisting of ferric oxide. It is used in polishing glass, metal, or gems, and as a cosmetic, etc. Called also crocus, jeweler's rouge, etc.

Rouge (n.) A cosmetic used for giving a red color to the cheeks or lips. The best is prepared from the dried flowers of the safflower, but it is often made from carmine.

Rougecroix (n.) One of the four pursuivants of the English college of arms.

Rouge dragon (n.) One of the four pursuivants of the English college of arms.

Rough (n.) Having inequalities, small ridges, or points, on the surface; not smooth or plain; as, a rough board; a rough stone; rough cloth.

Rough (n.) Not level; having a broken surface; uneven; -- said of a piece of land, or of a road.

Rough (n.) Not polished; uncut; -- said of a gem; as, a rough diamond.

Rough (n.) Tossed in waves; boisterous; high; -- said of a sea or other piece of water.

Rough (n.) Marked by coarseness; shaggy; ragged; disordered; -- said of dress, appearance, or the like; as, a rough coat.

Rough (n.) Hence, figuratively, lacking refinement, gentleness, or polish.

Rough (n.) Not courteous or kind; harsh; rude; uncivil; as, a rough temper.

Rough (n.) Marked by severity or violence; harsh; hard; as, rough measures or actions.

Rough (n.) Loud and hoarse; offensive to the ear; harsh; grating; -- said of sound, voice, and the like; as, a rough tone; rough numbers.

Rough (n.) Austere; harsh to the taste; as, rough wine.

Rough (n.) Tempestuous; boisterous; stormy; as, rough weather; a rough day.

Rough (n.) Hastily or carelessly done; wanting finish; incomplete; as, a rough estimate; a rough draught.

Rough (n.) Produced offhand.

Rough (n.) Boisterous weather.

Rough (n.) A rude fellow; a coarse bully; a rowdy.

Roughcast (n.) A rude model; the rudimentary, unfinished form of a thing.

Roughcast (n.) A kind of plastering made of lime, with a mixture of shells or pebbles, used for covering buildings.

Roughcaster (n.) One who roughcasts.

Roughhead (n.) The redfin.

Roughhewer (n.) One who roughhews.

Roughing-in (n.) The first coat of plaster laid on brick; also, the process of applying it.

Roughleg (n.) Any one of several species of large hawks of the genus Archibuteo, having the legs feathered to the toes. Called also rough-legged hawk, and rough-legged buzzard.

Roughness (n.) The quality or state of being rough.

Roughrider (n.) One who breaks horses; especially (Mil.), a noncommissioned officer in the British cavalry, whose duty is to assist the riding master.

Roughscuff (n.) A rough, coarse fellow; collectively, the lowest class of the people; the rabble; the riffraff.

Roughsetter (n.) A mason who builds rough stonework.

Roughtail (n.) Any species of small ground snakes of the family Uropeltidae; -- so called from their rough tails.

Roulade (n.) A smoothly running passage of short notes (as semiquavers, or sixteenths) uniformly grouped, sung upon one long syllable, as in Handel's oratorios.

Rouleau (n.) A little roll; a roll of coins put up in paper, or something resembling such a roll.

Roulette (n.) A game of chance, in which a small ball is made to move round rapidly on a circle divided off into numbered red and black spaces, the one on which it stops indicating the result of a variety of wagers permitted by the game.

Roulette (n.) A small toothed wheel used by engravers to roll over a plate in order to order to produce rows of dots.

Roulette (n.) A similar wheel used to roughen the surface of a plate, as in making alterations in a mezzotint.

Roulette (n.) the curve traced by any point in the plane of a given curve when the latter rolls, without sliding, over another fixed curve. See Cycloid, and Epycycloid.

Rouly-pouly (n.) See Rolly-pooly.

Rounce (n.) The handle by which the bed of a hand press, holding the form of type, etc., is run in under the platen and out again; -- sometimes applied to the whole apparatus by which the form is moved under the platen.

Rounceval (n.) A giant; anything large; a kind of pea called also marrowfat.

Rouncy (n.) A common hackney horse; a nag.

Round (n.) Anything round, as a circle, a globe, a ring. "The golden round" [the crown].

Round (n.) A series of changes or events ending where it began; a series of like events recurring in continuance; a cycle; a periodical revolution; as, the round of the seasons; a round of pleasures.

Round (n.) A course of action or conduct performed by a number of persons in turn, or one after another, as if seated in a circle.

Round (n.) A series of duties or tasks which must be performed in turn, and then repeated.

Round (n.) A circular dance.

Round (n.) That which goes round a whole circle or company; as, a round of applause.

Round (n.) Rotation, as in office; succession.

Round (n.) The step of a ladder; a rundle or rung; also, a crosspiece which joins and braces the legs of a chair.

Round (n.) A course ending where it began; a circuit; a beat; especially, one freguently or regulary traversed; also, the act of traversing a circuit; as, a watchman's round; the rounds of the postman.

Round (n.) A walk performed by a guard or an officer round the rampart of a garrison, or among sentinels, to see that the sentinels are faithful and all things safe; also, the guard or officer, with his attendants, who performs this duty; -- usually in the plural.

Round (n.) A general discharge of firearms by a body of troops in which each soldier fires once.

Round (n.) Ammunition for discharging a piece or pieces once; as, twenty rounds of ammunition were given out.

Round (n.) A short vocal piece, resembling a catch in which three or four voices follow each other round in a species of canon in the unison.

Round (n.) The time during which prize fighters or boxers are in actual contest without an intermission, as prescribed by their rules; a bout.

Round (n.) A brewer's vessel in which the fermentation is concluded, the yeast escaping through the bunghole.

Round (n.) A vessel filled, as for drinking.

Round (n.) An assembly; a group; a circle; as, a round of politicians.

Round (n.) See Roundtop.

Round (n.) Same as Round of beef, below.

Roundabout (n.) A horizontal wheel or frame, commonly with wooden horses, etc., on which children ride; a merry-go-round.

Roundabout (n.) A dance performed in a circle.

Roundabout (n.) A short, close jacket worn by boys, sailors, etc.

Roundabout (n.) A state or scene of constant change, or of recurring labor and vicissitude.

Roundaboutness (n.) The quality of being roundabout; circuitousness.

Roundelay (n.) See Rondeau, and Rondel.

Roundelay (n.) A tune in which a simple strain is often repeated; a simple rural strain which is short and lively.

Roundelay (n.) A dance in a circle.

Roundelay (n.) Anything having a round form; a roundel.

Rounder (n.) One who rounds; one who comes about frequently or regularly.

Rounder (n.) A tool for making an edge or surface round.

Rounder (n.) An English game somewhat resembling baseball; also, another English game resembling the game of fives, but played with a football.

Roundfish (n.) Any ordinary market fish, exclusive of flounders, sole, halibut, and other flatfishes.

Roundfish (n.) A lake whitefish (Coregonus quadrilateralis), less compressed than the common species. It is very abundant in British America and Alaska.

Roundhead (n.) A nickname for a Puritan. See Roundheads, the, in the Dictionary of Noted Names in Fiction.

Roundhouse (n.) A constable's prison; a lockup, watch-house, or station house.

Roundhouse (n.) A cabin or apartament on the after part of the quarter-deck, having the poop for its roof; -- sometimes called the coach.

Roundhouse (n.) A privy near the bow of the vessel.

Roundhouse (n.) A house for locomotive engines, built circularly around a turntable.

Rounding (n.) Small rope, or strands of rope, or spun yarn, wound round a rope to keep it from chafing; -- called also service.

Rounding (n.) Modifying a speech sound by contraction of the lip opening; labializing; labialization.

Roundlet (n.) A little circle.

Roundness (n.) The quality or state of being round in shape; as, the roundness of the globe, of the orb of the sun, of a ball, of a bowl, a column, etc.

Roundness (n.) Fullness; smoothness of flow; as, the roundness of a period; the roundness of a note; roundness of tone.

Roundness (n.) Openess; plainess; boldness; positiveness; as, the roundness of an assertion.

Roundsman (n.) A patrolman; also, a policeman who acts as an inspector over the rounds of the patrolmen.

Roundtop (n.) A top; a platform at a masthead; -- so called because formerly round in shape.

Round-up (n.) The act of collecting or gathering together scattered cattle by riding around them and driving them in.

Roundure (n.) Roundness; a round or circle.

Roundworm (n.) A nematoid worm.

Roup (n.) An outcry; hence, a sale of gods by auction.

Roup (n.) A disease in poultry. See Pip.

Rouse (n.) A bumper in honor of a toast or health.

Rouse (n.) A carousal; a festival; a drinking frolic.

Rouser (n.) One who, or that which, rouses.

Rouser (n.) Something very exciting or great.

Rouser (n.) A stirrer in a copper for boiling wort.

Roussette (n.) A fruit bat, especially the large species (Pieropus vulgaris) inhabiting the islands of the Indian ocean. It measures about a yard across the expanded wings.

Roussette (n.) Any small shark of the genus Scyllium; -- called also dogfish. See Dogfish.

Roust (n.) A strong tide or current, especially in a narrow channel.

Roustabout (n.) A laborer, especially a deck hand, on a river steamboat, who moves the cargo, loads and unloads wood, and the like; in an opprobrious sense, a shiftless vagrant who lives by chance jobs.

Rout (n.) A bellowing; a shouting; noise; clamor; uproar; disturbance; tumult.

Rout (n.) A troop; a throng; a company; an assembly; especially, a traveling company or throng.

Rout (n.) A disorderly and tumultuous crowd; a mob; hence, the rabble; the herd of common people.

Rout (n.) The state of being disorganized and thrown into confusion; -- said especially of an army defeated, broken in pieces, and put to flight in disorder or panic; also, the act of defeating and breaking up an army; as, the rout of the enemy was complete.

Rout (n.) A disturbance of the peace by persons assembled together with intent to do a thing which, if executed, would make them rioters, and actually making a motion toward the executing thereof.

Rout (n.) A fashionable assembly, or large evening party.

Route (n.) The course or way which is traveled or passed, or is to be passed; a passing; a course; a road or path; a march.

Router (n.) A plane made like a spokeshave, for working the inside edges of circular sashes.

Router (n.) A plane with a hooked tool protruding far below the sole, for smoothing the bottom of a cavity.

Routhe (n.) Ruth; sorrow.

Routine (n.) A round of business, amusement, or pleasure, daily or frequently pursued; especially, a course of business or offical duties regularly or frequently returning.

Routine (n.) Any regular course of action or procedure rigidly adhered to by the mere force of habit.

Routinism (n.) the practice of doing things with undiscriminating, mechanical regularity.

Routinist (n.) One who habituated to a routine.

Roux (n.) A thickening, made of flour, for soups and gravies.

Rove (n.) A copper washer upon which the end of a nail is clinched in boat building.

Rove (n.) A roll or sliver of wool or cotton drawn out and slighty twisted, preparatory to further process; a roving.

Rove (n.) The act of wandering; a ramble.

Roving (n.) The operatin of forming the rove, or slightly twisted sliver or roll of wool or cotton, by means of a machine for the purpose, called a roving frame, or roving machine.

Roving (n.) A roll or sliver of wool or cotton drawn out and slightly twisted; a rove. See 2d Rove, 2.

Roving (n.) The act of one who roves or wanders.

Rovingness (n.) The state of roving.

Row (n.) A noisy, turbulent quarrel or disturbance; a brawl.

Row (n.) A series of persons or things arranged in a continued

Row (n.) The act of rowing; excursion in a rowboat.

Rowan (n.) Rowan tree.

Rowboat (n.) A boat designed to be propelled by oars instead of sails.

Rowdy (n.) One who engages in rows, or noisy quarrels; a ruffianly fellow.

Rowdydow (n.) Hubbub; uproar.

Rowdyism (n.) the conduct of a rowdy.

Rowel (n.) The little wheel of a spur, with sharp points.

Rowel (n.) A little flat ring or wheel on horses' bits.

Rowel (n.) A roll of hair, silk, etc., passed through the flesh of horses, answering to a seton in human surgery.

Rowen (n.) A stubble field left unplowed till late in the autumn, that it may be cropped by cattle.

Rowen (n.) The second growth of grass in a season; aftermath.

Rower (n.) One who rows with an oar.

Rowett (n.) See Rowen.

Rowlock (n.) A contrivance or arrangement serving as a fulcrum for an oar in rowing. It consists sometimes of a notch in the gunwale of a boat, sometimes of a pair of pins between which the oar rests on the edge of the gunwale, sometimes of a single pin passing through the oar, or of a metal fork or stirrup pivoted in the gunwale and suporting the oar.

Rowport (n.) An opening in the side of small vessels of war, near the surface of the water, to facilitate rowing in calm weather.

Roxburgh (n.) A style of bookbinding in which the back is plain leather, the sides paper or cloth, the top gilt-edged, but the front and bottom left uncut.

Roy (n.) A king.

Royal (n.) Printing and writing papers of particular sizes. See under paper, n.

Royal (n.) A small sail immediately above the topgallant sail.

Royal (n.) One of the upper or distal branches of an antler, as the third and fourth tynes of the antlers of a stag.

Royal (n.) A small mortar.

Royal (n.) One of the soldiers of the first regiment of foot of the British army, formerly called the Royals, and supposed to be the oldest regular corps in Europe; -- now called the Royal Scots.

Royal (n.) An old English coin. See Rial.

Royalet (n.) A petty or powerless king.

Royalism (n.) the principles or conduct of royalists.

Royalist (n.) An adherent of a king (as of Charles I. in England, or of the Bourbons in france); one attached to monarchical government.

Royalization (n.) The act of making loyal to a king.

Royalty (n.) The state of being royal; the condition or quality of a royal person; kingship; kingly office; sovereignty.

Royalty (n.) The person of a king or sovereign; majesty; as, in the presence of royalty.

Royalty (n.) An emblem of royalty; -- usually in the plural, meaning regalia.

Royalty (n.) King

Royalty (n.) Domain; province; sphere.

Royalty (n.) That which is due to a sovereign, as a seigniorage on gold and silver coined at the mint, metals taken from mines, etc.; the tax exacted in lieu of such share; imperiality.

Royalty (n.) A share of the product or profit (as of a mine, forest, etc.), reserved by the owner for permitting another to use the property.

Royalty (n.) Hence (Com.), a duty paid by a manufacturer to the owner of a patent or a copyright at a certain rate for each article manufactured; or, a percentage paid to the owner of an article by one who hires the use of it.

Royster (n.) Alt. of Roysterer

Roysterer (n.) same as Roister, Roisterer.

Roytelet (n.) A little king.

Rub (n.) The act of rubbing; friction.

Rub (n.) That which rubs; that which tends to hinder or obstruct motion or progress; hindrance; obstruction, an impediment; especially, a difficulty or obstruction hard to overcome; a pinch.

Rub (n.) Inequality of surface, as of the ground in the game of bowls; unevenness.

Rub (n.) Something grating to the feelings; sarcasm; joke; as, a hard rub.

Rub (n.) Imperfection; failing; fault.

Rub (n.) A chance.

Rub (n.) A stone, commonly flat, used to sharpen cutting tools; a whetstone; -- called also rubstone.

Ruba-dub (n.) The sound of a drum when continuously beaten; hence, a clamorous, repeated sound; a clatter.

Rubbage (n.) Rubbish.

Rubber (n.) One who, or that which, rubs.

Rubber (n.) An instrument or thing used in rubbing, polishing, or cleaning.

Rubber (n.) A coarse file, or the rough part of a file.

Rubber (n.) A whetstone; a rubstone.

Rubber (n.) An eraser, usually made of caoutchouc.

Rubber (n.) The cushion of an electrical machine.

Rubber (n.) One who performs massage, especially in a Turkish bath.

Rubber (n.) Something that chafes or annoys; hence, something that grates on the feelings; a sarcasm; a rub.

Rubber (n.) In some games, as whist, the odd game, as the third or the fifth, when there is a tie between the players; as, to play the rubber; also, a contest determined by the winning of two out of three games; as, to play a rubber of whist.

Rubber (n.) India rubber; caoutchouc.

Rubber (n.) An overshoe made of India rubber.

Rubbidge (n.) Rubbish.

Rubbish (n.) Waste or rejected matter; anything worthless; valueless stuff; trash; especially, fragments of building materials or fallen buildings; ruins; debris.

Rubble (n.) Water-worn or rough broken stones; broken bricks, etc., used in coarse masonry, or to fill up between the facing courses of walls.

Rubble (n.) Rough stone as it comes from the quarry; also, a quarryman's term for the upper fragmentary and decomposed portion of a mass of stone; brash.

Rubble (n.) A mass or stratum of fragments or rock lying under the alluvium, and derived from the neighboring rock.

Rubble (n.) The whole of the bran of wheat before it is sorted into pollard, bran, etc.

Rubblestone (n.) See Rubble, 1 and 2.

Rubblework (n.) Masonry constructed of unsquared stones that are irregular in size and shape.

Rubefacient (n.) An external application which produces redness of the skin.

Rubefaction (n.) The act or process of making red.

Rubelet (n.) A little ruby.

Rubella (n.) An acute specific disease with a dusky red cutaneous eruption resembling that of measles, but unattended by catarrhal symptoms; -- called also German measles.

Rubelle (n.) A red color used in enameling.

Rubellite (n.) A variety of tourma

Rubeola (n.) the measles.

Rubeola (n.) Rubella.

Rubescence (n.) The quality or state of being rubescent; a reddening; a flush.

Rubiacin (n.) A substance found in madder root, and probably identical with ruberythrinic acid.

Rubian (n.) One of several color-producing glycosides found in madder root.

Ru bible (n.) A ribble.

Rubicelle (n.) A variety of ruby of a yellowish red color, from Brazil.

Rubicon (n.) A small river which separated Italy from Cisalpine Gaul, the province alloted to Julius Caesar.

Rubicundity (n.) The quality or state of being rubicund; ruddiness.

Rubidine (n.) A nitrogenous base homologous with pyridine, obtained from coal tar as an oily liquid, C11H17N; also, any one of the group od metameric compounds of which rubidine is the type.

Rubidium (n.) A rare metallic element. It occurs quite widely, but in small quantities, and always combined. It is isolated as a soft yellowish white metal, analogous to potassium in most of its properties. Symbol Rb. Atomic weight, 85.2.

Rubification (n.) The act of making red.

Rubigo (n.) same as Rust, n., 2.

Rubin (n.) A ruby.

Rubiretin (n.) One of the red dye products extracted from madder root, and probably identical with ruberythrinic acid.

Ruble (n.) The unit of monetary value in Russia. It is divided into 100 copecks, and in the gold coin of the realm (as in the five and ten ruble pieces) is worth about 77 cents. The silver ruble is a coin worth about 60 cents.

Rubric (n.) That part of any work in the early manuscripts and typography which was colored red, to distinguish it from other portions.

Rubric (n.) A titlepage, or part of it, especially that giving the date and place of printing; also, the initial letters, etc., when printed in red.

Rubric (n.) The title of a statute; -- so called as being anciently written in red letters.

Rubric (n.) The directions and rules for the conduct of service, formerly written or printed in red; hence, also, an ecclesiastical or episcopal injunction; -- usually in the plural.

Rubric (n.) Hence, that which is established or settled, as by authority; a thing definitely settled or fixed.

Rubricate (n.) Marked with red.

Rubrician (n.) Alt. of Rubricist

Rubricist (n.) One skilled in, or tenaciously adhering to, the rubric or rubrics.

Rubricity (n.) Redness.

Rubstone (n.) A stone for scouring or rubbing; a whetstone; a rub.

Rubus (n.) A genus of rosaceous plants, including the raspberry and blackberry.

Ruby (n.) A precious stone of a carmine red color, sometimes verging to violet, or intermediate between carmine and hyacinth red. It is a red crystallized variety of corundum.

Ruby (n.) The color of a ruby; carmine red; a red tint.

Ruby (n.) That which has the color of the ruby, as red wine. Hence, a red blain or carbuncle.

Ruby (n.) See Agate, n., 2.

Ruby (n.) Any species of South American humming birds of the genus Clytolaema. The males have a ruby-colored throat or breast.

Rubytail (n.) A European gold wasp (Chrysis ignita) which has the under side of the abdomen bright red, and the other parts deep bluish green with a metallic luster. The larva is parasitic in the nests of other wasps and of bees.

Rubythroat (n.) Any one of numerous species of humming birds belonging to Trochilus, Calypte, Stellula, and allies, in which the male has on the throat a brilliant patch of red feathers having metallic reflections; esp., the common humming bird of the Eastern United States (Trochilus colubris).

Rubywood (n.) red sandalwood. See under Sandalwood.

Ruche (n.) A plaited, quilled, or goffered strip of lace, net, ribbon, or other material, -- used in place of collars or cuffs, and as a trimming for women's dresses and bonnets.

Ruche (n.) A pile of arched tiles, used to catch and retain oyster spawn.

Ruching (n.) A ruche, or ruches collectively.

Ruck (n.) A roc.

Ruck (n.) A heap; a rick.

Ruck (n.) The common sort, whether persons or things; as, the ruck in a horse race.

Ructation (n.) The act of belching wind.

Ruction (n.) An uproar; a quarrel; a noisy outbreak.

Rud (n.) Redness; blush.

Rud (n.) Ruddle; red ocher.

Rud (n.) The rudd.

Rudd (n.) A fresh-water European fish of the Carp family (Leuciscus erythrophthalmus). It is about the size and shape of the roach, but it has the dorsal fin farther back, a stouter body, and red irises. Called also redeye, roud, finscale, and shallow. A blue variety is called azurine, or blue roach.

Rudder (n.) A riddle or sieve.

Rudder (n.) The mechanical appliance by means of which a vessel is guided or steered when in motion. It is a broad and flat blade made of wood or iron, with a long shank, and is fastened in an upright position, usually by one edge, to the sternpost of the vessel in such a way that it can be turned from side to side in the water by means of a tiller, wheel, or other attachment.

Rudder (n.) Fig.: That which resembles a rudder as a guide or governor; that which guides or governs the course.

Rudderhead (n.) The upper end of the rudderpost, to which the tiller is attached.

Rudderhole (n.) The hole in the deck through which the rudderpost passes.

Rudderpost (n.) The shank of a rudder, having the blade at one end and the attachments for operating it at the other.

Rudderstock (n.) The main part or blade of the rudder, which is connected by hinges, or the like, with the sternpost of a vessel.

Ruddiness (n.) The quality or state of being ruddy; as, the ruddiness of the cheeks or the sky.

Ruddle (n.) A riddle or sieve.

Ruddle (n.) A species of red earth colored by iron sesquioxide; red ocher.

Ruddock (n.) The European robin.

Ruddock (n.) A piece of gold money; -- probably because the gold of coins was often reddened by copper alloy. Called also red ruddock, and golden ruddock.

Ruddy (n.) Of a red color; red, or reddish; as, a ruddy sky; a ruddy flame.

Ruddy (n.) Of a lively flesh color, or the color of the human skin in high health; as, ruddy cheeks or lips.

Rudenture (n.) Cabling. See Cabling.

Rudesby (n.) An uncivil, turbulent fellow.

Rudesheimer (n.) A German wine made near Rudesheim, on the Rhine.

Rudiment (n.) That which is unformed or undeveloped; the principle which lies at the bottom of any development; an unfinished beginning.

Rudiment (n.) Hence, an element or first principle of any art or science; a beginning of any knowledge; a first step.

Rudiment (n.) An imperfect organ or part, or one which is never developed.

Rudity (n.) Rudeness; ignorance.

Rudmasday (n.) Either of the feasts of the Holy Cross, occuring on May 3 and September 14, annually.

Rue (n.) A perennial suffrutescent plant (Ruta graveolens), having a strong, heavy odor and a bitter taste; herb of grace. It is used in medicine.

Rue (n.) Fig.: Bitterness; disappointment; grief; regret.

Ruelle (n.) A private circle or assembly at a private house; a circle.

Ruff (n.) A game similar to whist, and the predecessor of it.

Ruff (n.) The act of trumping, especially when one has no card of the suit led.

Ruff (n.) A muslin or

Ruff (n.) Something formed with plaits or flutings, like the collar of this name.

Ruff (n.) An exhibition of pride or haughtiness.

Ruff (n.) Wanton or tumultuous procedure or conduct.

Ruff (n.) A low, vibrating beat of a drum, not so loud as a roll; a ruffle.

Ruff (n.) A collar on a shaft ot other piece to prevent endwise motion. See Illust. of Collar.

Ruff (n.) A set of lengthened or otherwise modified feathers round, or on, the neck of a bird.

Ruff (n.) A limico

Ruff (n.) A variety of the domestic pigeon, having a ruff of its neck.

Ruff (n.) Alt. of Ruffe

Ruffe (n.) A small freshwater European perch (Acerina vulgaris); -- called also pope, blacktail, and stone, / striped, perch.

Ruffian (n.) A pimp; a pander; also, a paramour.

Ruffian (n.) A boisterous, cruel, brutal fellow; a desperate fellow ready for murderous or cruel deeds; a cutthroat.

Ruffianage (n.) Ruffians, collectively; a body of ruffians.

Rufflement (n.) The act of ruffling.

Ruffler (n.) One who ruffles; a swaggerer; a bully; a ruffian.

Ruffler (n.) That which ruffles; specifically, a sewing machine attachment for making ruffles.

Rufiopin (n.) A yellowish red crystal

Rufol (n.) A phenol derivative of anthracene obtained as a white crystal

Ruft (n.) Eructation; belching.

Rufterhood (n.) A kind of hood for a hawk.

Ruga (n.) A wrinkle; a fold; as, the rugae of the stomach.

Rugged (n.) Full of asperities on the surface; broken into sharp or irregular points, or otherwise uneven; not smooth; rough; as, a rugged mountain; a rugged road.

Rugged (n.) Not neat or regular; uneven.

Rugged (n.) Rough with bristles or hair; shaggy.

Rugged (n.) Harsh; hard; crabbed; austere; -- said of temper, character, and the like, or of persons.

Rugged (n.) Stormy; turbulent; tempestuous; rude.

Rugged (n.) Rough to the ear; harsh; grating; -- said of sound, style, and the like.

Rugged (n.) Sour; surly; frowning; wrinkled; -- said of looks, etc.

Rugged (n.) Violent; rude; boisterrous; -- said of conduct, manners, etc.

Rugged (n.) Vigorous; robust; hardy; -- said of health, physique, etc.

Rugging (n.) A coarse kind of woolen cloth, used for wrapping, blanketing, etc.

Rugin (n.) A nappy cloth.

Rugine (n.) An instrument for scraping the periosteum from bones; a raspatory.

Rugosity (n.) The quality or state of being rugose.

Ruin (n.) The act of falling or tumbling down; fall.

Ruin (n.) Such a change of anything as destroys it, or entirely defeats its object, or unfits it for use; destruction; overthrow; as, the ruin of a ship or an army; the ruin of a constitution or a government; the ruin of health or hopes.

Ruin (n.) That which is fallen down and become worthless from injury or decay; as, his mind is a ruin; especially, in the plural, the remains of a destroyed, dilapidated, or desolate house, fortress, city, or the like.

Ruin (n.) The state of being dcayed, or of having become ruined or worthless; as, to be in ruins; to go to ruin.

Ruin (n.) That which promotes injury, decay, or destruction.

Ruin (n.) To bring to ruin; to cause to fall to pieces and decay; to make to perish; to bring to destruction; to bring to poverty or bankruptcy; to impair seriously; to damage essentially; to overthrow.

Ruination (n.) The act of ruining, or the state of being ruined.

Ruiner (n.) One who, or that which, ruins.

Rukh (n.) The roc.

Rukh (n.) A large bird, supposed by some to be the same as the extinct Epiornis of Madagascar.

Rule (n.) To control the will and actions of; to exercise authority or dominion over; to govern; to manage.

Rule (n.) To control or direct by influence, counsel, or persuasion; to guide; -- used chiefly in the passive.

Rule (n.) To establish or settle by, or as by, a rule; to fix by universal or general consent, or by common practice.

Rule (n.) To require or command by rule; to give as a direction or order of court.

Rule (n.) To mark with

Rule-monger (n.) A stickler for rules; a slave of rules

Ruler (n.) One who rules; one who exercises sway or authority; a governor.

Ruler (n.) A straight or curved strip of wood, metal, etc., with a smooth edge, used for guiding a pen or pencil in drawing

Ruling (n.) The act of one who rules; ruled

Ruling (n.) A decision or rule of a judge or a court, especially an oral decision, as in excluding evidence.

Rum (n.) A kind of intoxicating liquor distilled from cane juice, or from the scummings of the boiled juice, or from treacle or molasses, or from the lees of former distillations. Also, sometimes used colloquially as a generic or a collective name for intoxicating liquor.

Rum (n.) A queer or odd person or thing; a country parson.

Rumble (n.) A noisy report; rumor.

Rumble (n.) A low, heavy, continuous sound like that made by heavy wagons or the reverberation of thunder; a confused noise; as, the rumble of a railroad train.

Rumble (n.) A seat for servants, behind the body of a carriage.

Rumble (n.) A rotating cask or box in which small articles are smoothed or polished by friction against each other.

Rumbler (n.) One who, or that which, rumbles.

Rumbo (n.) Grog.


Rumen (n.) The first stomach of ruminants; the paunch; the fardingbag. See Illust. below.

Rumen (n.) The cud of a ruminant.

Rumicin (n.) A yellow crystal

Ruminant (n.) A ruminant animal; one of the Ruminantia.

Rumination (n.) The act or process of ruminating, or chewing the cud; the habit of chewing the cud.

Rumination (n.) The state of being disposed to ruminate or ponder; deliberate meditation or reflection.

Rumination (n.) The regurgitation of food from the stomach after it has been swallowed, -- occasionally observed as a morbid phenomenon in man.

Ruminator (n.) One who ruminates or muses; a meditator.

Rumkin (n.) A popular or jocular name for a drinking vessel.

Rummage (n.) A place or room for the stowage of cargo in a ship; also, the act of stowing cargo; the pulling and moving about of packages incident to close stowage; -- formerly written romage.

Rummage (n.) A searching carefully by looking into every corner, and by turning things over.

Rummager (n.) One who rummages.

Rummager (n.) A person on shipboard whose business was to take charge of stowing the cargo; -- formerly written roomager, and romager.

Rummer (n.) A large and tall glass, or drinking cup.

Rummy (n.) One who drinks rum; an habitually intemperate person.

Rumney (n.) A sort of Spanish wine.

Rumor (n.) A flying or popular report; the common talk; hence, public fame; notoriety.

Rumor (n.) A current story passing from one person to another, without any known authority for its truth; -- in this sense often personified.

Rumor (n.) A prolonged, indistinct noise.

Rumorer (n.) A teller of news; especially, one who spreads false reports.

Rump (n.) The end of the backbone of an animal, with the parts adjacent; the buttock or buttocks.

Rump (n.) Among butchers, the piece of beef between the sirloin and the aitchbone piece. See Illust. of Beef.

Rump (n.) The hind or tail end; a fag-end; a remnant.

Rumper (n.) A member or a supporter of the Rump Parliament.

Rumple (n.) A fold or plait; a wrinkle.

Rumpus (n.) A disturbance; noise and confusion; a quarrel.

Rumseller (n.) One who sells rum; one who deals in intoxicating liquors; especially, one who sells spirituous beverages at retail.

Run (n.) The act of running; as, a long run; a good run; a quick run; to go on the run.

Run (n.) A small stream; a brook; a creek.

Run (n.) That which runs or flows in the course of a certain operation, or during a certain time; as, a run of must in wine making; the first run of sap in a maple orchard.

Run (n.) A course; a series; that which continues in a certain course or series; as, a run of good or bad luck.

Run (n.) State of being current; currency; popularity.

Run (n.) Continued repetition on the stage; -- said of a play; as, to have a run of a hundred successive nights.

Run (n.) A continuing urgent demand; especially, a pressure on a bank or treasury for payment of its notes.

Run (n.) A range or extent of ground for feeding stock; as, a sheep run.

Run (n.) The aftermost part of a vessel's hull where it narrows toward the stern, under the quarter.

Run (n.) The distance sailed by a ship; as, a good run; a run of fifty miles.

Run (n.) A voyage; as, a run to China.

Run (n.) A pleasure excursion; a trip.

Run (n.) The horizontal distance to which a drift may be carried, either by license of the proprietor of a mine or by the nature of the formation; also, the direction which a vein of ore or other substance takes.

Run (n.) A roulade, or series of running tones.

Run (n.) The greatest degree of swiftness in marching. It is executed upon the same principles as the double-quick, but with greater speed.

Run (n.) The act of migrating, or ascending a river to spawn; -- said of fish; also, an assemblage or school of fishes which migrate, or ascend a river for the purpose of spawning.

Run (n.) In baseball, a complete circuit of the bases made by a player, which enables him to score one; in cricket, a passing from one wicket to the other, by which one point is scored; as, a player made three runs; the side went out with two hundred runs.

Run (n.) A pair or set of millstones.

Runagate (n.) A fugitive; a vagabond; an apostate; a renegade. See Renegade.

Runaway (n.) One who, or that which, flees from danger, duty, restraint, etc.; a fugitive.

Runaway (n.) The act of running away, esp. of a horse or teams; as, there was a runaway yesterday.

Runcation (n.) A weeding.

Runch (n.) The wild radish.

Rundel (n.) A moat with water in it; also, a small stream; a runlet.

Rundel (n.) A circle.

Rundle (n.) A round; a step of a ladder; a rung.

Rundle (n.) A ball.

Rundle (n.) Something which rotates about an axis, as a wheel, or the drum of a capstan.

Rundle (n.) One of the pins or trundles of a lantern wheel.

Rundlet (n.) A small barrel of no certain dimensions. It may contain from 3 to 20 gallons, but it usually holds about 14/ gallons.

Rune (n.) A letter, or character, belonging to the written language of the ancient Norsemen, or Scandinavians; in a wider sense, applied to the letters of the ancient nations of Northern Europe in general.

Rune (n.) Old Norse poetry expressed in runes.

Runer (n.) A bard, or learned man, among the ancient Goths.

Rung (n.) A floor timber in a ship.

Rung (n.) One of the rounds of a ladder.

Rung (n.) One of the stakes of a cart; a spar; a heavy staff.

Rung (n.) One of the radial handles projecting from the rim of a steering wheel; also, one of the pins or trundles of a lantern wheel.

Runghead (n.) The upper end of a floor timber in a ship.

Runlet (n.) A little run or stream; a streamlet; a brook.

Runlet (n.) Same as Rundlet.

Runnel (n.) A rivulet or small brook.

Runner (n.) One who, or that which, runs; a racer.

Runner (n.) A detective.

Runner (n.) A messenger.

Runner (n.) A smuggler.

Runner (n.) One employed to solicit patronage, as for a steamboat, hotel, shop, etc.

Runner (n.) A slender trailing branch which takes root at the joints or end and there forms new plants, as in the strawberry and the common cinquefoil.

Runner (n.) The rotating stone of a set of millstones.

Runner (n.) A rope rove through a block and used to increase the mechanical power of a tackle.

Runner (n.) One of the pieces on which a sled or sleigh slides; also the part or blade of a skate which slides on the ice.

Runner (n.) A horizontal channel in a mold, through which the metal flows to the cavity formed by the pattern; also, the waste metal left in such a channel.

Runner (n.) A trough or channel for leading molten metal from a furnace to a ladle, mold, or pig bed.

Runner (n.) The movable piece to which the ribs of an umbrella are attached.

Runner (n.) A food fish (Elagatis pinnulatus) of Florida and the West Indies; -- called also skipjack, shoemaker, and yellowtail. The name alludes to its rapid successive leaps from the water.

Runner (n.) Any cursorial bird.

Runner (n.) A movable slab or rubber used in grinding or polishing a surface of stone.

Runner (n.) A tool on which lenses are fastened in a group, for polishing or grinding.

Runnet (n.) See Rennet.

Running (n.) The act of one who, or of that which runs; as, the running was slow.

Running (n.) That which runs or flows; the quantity of a liquid which flows in a certain time or during a certain operation; as, the first running of a still.

Running (n.) The discharge from an ulcer or other sore.

Runnion (n.) See Ronion.

Runology (n.) The science of runes.

Runround (n.) A felon or whitlow.

Runway (n.) The channel of a stream.

Runway (n.) The beaten path made by deer or other animals in passing to and from their feeding grounds.

Rupee (n.) A silver coin, and money of account, in the East Indies.

Rupellary (n.) Rocky.

Rupia (n.) An eruption upon the skin, consisting of vesicles with inflamed base and filled with serous, purulent, or bloody fluid, which dries up, forming a blackish crust.

Rupicola (n.) A genus of beautiful South American passerine birds, including the cock of the rock.

Ruption (n.) A breaking or bursting open; breach; rupture.

Ruptuary (n.) One not of noble blood; a plebeian; a roturier.

Rupture (n.) The act of breaking apart, or separating; the state of being broken asunder; as, the rupture of the skin; the rupture of a vessel or fiber; the rupture of a lutestring.

Rupture (n.) Breach of peace or concord between individuals; open hostility or war between nations; interruption of friendly relations; as, the parties came to a rupture.

Rupture (n.) Hernia. See Hernia.

Rupture (n.) A bursting open, as of a steam boiler, in a less sudden manner than by explosion. See Explosion.

Rupturewort (n.) Same as Burstwort.

Rupturewort (n.) A West Indian plant (Alternanthera polygonoides) somewhat resembling burstwort.

Ruralism (n.) The quality or state of being rural; ruralness.

Ruralism (n.) A rural idiom or expression.

Ruralist (n.) One who leads a rural life.

Rurality (n.) The quality or state of being rural.

Rurality (n.) A rural place.

Ruralness (n.) The quality or state of being rural.

Ruricolist (n.) An inhabitant of the country.

Ruse (n.) An artifice; trick; stratagem; wile; fraud; deceit.

Rush (n.) A name given to many aquatic or marsh-growing endogenous plants with soft, slender stems, as the species of Juncus and Scirpus.

Rush (n.) The merest trifle; a straw.

Rush (n.) A moving forward with rapidity and force or eagerness; a violent motion or course; as, a rush of troops; a rush of winds; a rush of water.

Rush (n.) Great activity with pressure; as, a rush of business.

Rush (n.) A perfect recitation.

Rush (n.) A rusher; as, the center rush, whose place is in the center of the rush

Rush (n.) The act of running with the ball.

Rush-bearing (n.) A kind of rural festival at the dedication of a church, when the parishioners brought rushes to strew the church.

Rushbuckler (n.) A bullying and violent person; a braggart; a swashbuckler.

Rusher (n.) One who rushes.

Rusher (n.) One who strewed rushes on the floor at dances.

Rushiness (n.) The quality or state of abounding with rushes.

Rushlight (n.) A rush candle, or its light; hence, a small, feeble light.

Rusk (n.) A kind of light, soft bread made with yeast and eggs, often toasted or crisped in an oven; or, a kind of sweetened biscuit.

Rusk (n.) A kind of light, hard cake or bread, as for stores.

Rusk (n.) Bread or cake which has been made brown and crisp, and afterwards grated, or pulverized in a mortar.

Rusma (n.) A depilatory made of orpiment and quicklime, and used by the Turks. See Rhusma.

Russet (n.) A russet color; a pigment of a russet color.

Russet (n.) Cloth or clothing of a russet color.

Russet (n.) A country dress; -- so called because often of a russet color.

Russet (n.) An apple, or a pear, of a russet color; as, the English russet, and the Roxbury russet.

Russeting (n.) See Russet, n., 2 and 4.

Russia (n.) A country of Europe and Asia.

Russian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Russia; the language of Russia.

Russification (n.) The act or process of Russifying, or the state of being Russified.

Russophile (n.) Alt. of Russophilist

Russophilist (n.) One who, not being a Russian, favors Russian policy and aggrandizement.

Russophobia (n.) Morbid dread of Russia or of Russian influence.

Rust (n.) The reddish yellow coating formed on iron when exposed to moist air, consisting of ferric oxide or hydroxide; hence, by extension, any metallic film of corrosion.

Rust (n.) A minute mold or fungus forming reddish or rusty spots on the leaves and stems of cereal and other grasses (Trichobasis Rubigo-vera), now usually believed to be a form or condition of the corn mildew (Puccinia graminis). As rust, it has solitary reddish spores; as corn mildew, the spores are double and blackish.

Rust (n.) That which resembles rust in appearance or effects.

Rust (n.) A composition used in making a rust joint. See Rust joint, below.

Rust (n.) Foul matter arising from degeneration; as, rust on salted meat.

Rust (n.) Corrosive or injurious accretion or influence.

Rustic (n.) An inhabitant of the country, especially one who is rude, coarse, or dull; a clown.

Rustic (n.) A rural person having a natural simplicity of character or manners; an artless, unaffected person.

Rustication (n.) The act of rusticating, or the state of being rusticated; specifically, the punishment of a student for some offense, by compelling him to leave the institution for a time.

Rustication (n.) Rustic work.

Rusticity (n.) The quality or state of being rustic; rustic manners; rudeness; simplicity; artlessness.

Rustiness (n.) The quality or state of being rusty.

Rustle (n.) A quick succession or confusion of small sounds, like those made by shaking leaves or straw, by rubbing silk, or the like; a rustling.

Rustler (n.) One who, or that which, rustles.

Rustler (n.) A bovine animal that can care for itself in any circumstances; also, an alert, energetic, driving person.

Rut (n.) Sexual desire or oestrus of deer, cattle, and various other mammals; heat; also, the period during which the oestrus exists.

Rut (n.) Roaring, as of waves breaking upon the shore; rote. See Rote.

Rut (n.) A track worn by a wheel or by habitual passage of anything; a groove in which anything runs. Also used figuratively.

Ruta-baga (n.) A kind of turnip commonly with a large and long or ovoid yellowish root; a Swedish turnip. See Turnip.

Rutate (n.) A salt of rutic acid.

Ruthenium (n.) A rare element of the light platinum group, found associated with platinum ores, and isolated as a hard, brittle steel-gray metal which is very infusible. Symbol Ru. Atomic weight 103.5. Specific gravity 12.26. See Platinum metals, under Platinum.

Rutile (n.) A mineral usually of a reddish brown color, and brilliant metallic adamantine luster, occurring in tetragonal crystals. In composition it is titanium dioxide, like octahedrite and brookite.

Rutilian (n.) Any species of lamellicorn beetles belonging to Rutila and allied genera, as the spotted grapevine beetle (Pelidnota punctata).

Rutin (n.) A glucoside resembling, but distinct from, quercitrin. Rutin is found in the leaves of the rue (Ruta graveolens) and other plants, and obtained as a bitter yellow crystal

Rutter (n.) A horseman or trooper.

Rutter (n.) That which ruts.

Rutterkin (n.) An old crafty fox or beguiler -- a word of contempt.

Ruttier (n.) A chart of a course, esp. at sea.

Ruttle (n.) A rattling sound in the throat arising from difficulty of breathing; a rattle.

Rutylene (n.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C10H18, of the acetylene series. It is produced artificially.

Ryal (n.) See Rial, an old English coin.

Ryder (n.) A clause added to a document; a rider. See Rider.

Ryder (n.) A gold coin of Zealand [Netherlands] equal to 14 florins, about $ 5.60.

Rye (n.) A grain yielded by a hardy cereal grass (Secale cereale), closely allied to wheat; also, the plant itself. Rye constitutes a large portion of the breadstuff used by man.

Rye (n.) A disease in a hawk.

Rynd (n.) A piece of iron crossing the hole in the upper millstone by which the stone is supported on the spindle.

Ryot (n.) A peasant or cultivator of the soil.

Rys (n.) A branch.

Rysh (n.) Rush, a plant.

Rysimeter (n.) See Rhysimeter.

Ryth (n.) A ford.

Rytina (n.) A genus of large edentulous sirenians, allied to the dugong and manatee, including but one species (R. Stelleri); -- called also Steller's sea cow.

About the author

Mark McCracken

Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".

Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken , All Rights Reserved. , found 4116 occurrences in 1 file(s)