Singular Nouns Starting with S

Saadh (n.) See Sadh.

Sabadilla (n.) A Mexican liliaceous plant (Schoenocaulon officinale); also, its seeds, which contain the alkaloid veratrine. It was formerly used in medicine as an emetic and purgative.

Sabaeanism (n.) Same as Sabianism.

Sabaeism (n.) Alt. of Sabaism

Sabaism (n.) See Sabianism.

Sabal (n.) A genus of palm trees including the palmetto of the Southern United States.

Sabbat (n.) In mediaeval demonology, the nocturnal assembly in which demons and sorcerers were thought to celebrate their orgies.

Sabbatarian (n.) One who regards and keeps the seventh day of the week as holy, agreeably to the letter of the fourth commandment in the Decalogue.

Sabbatarian (n.) A strict observer of the Sabbath.

Sabbatarianism (n.) The tenets of Sabbatarians.

Sabbath (n.) A season or day of rest; one day in seven appointed for rest or worship, the observance of which was enjoined upon the Jews in the Decalogue, and has been continued by the Christian church with a transference of the day observed from the last to the first day of the week, which is called also Lord's Day.

Sabbath (n.) The seventh year, observed among the Israelites as one of rest and festival.

Sabbath (n.) Fig.: A time of rest or repose; intermission of pain, effort, sorrow, or the like.

Sabbatism (n.) Intermission of labor, as upon the Sabbath; rest.

Sabbaton (n.) A round-toed, armed covering for the feet, worn during a part of the sixteenth century in both military and civil dress.

Sabeism (n.) Same as Sabianism.

Sabella (n.) A genus of tubicolous annelids having a circle of plumose gills around the head.

Sabellian (n.) A follower of Sabellius, a presbyter of Ptolemais in the third century, who maintained that there is but one person in the Godhead, and that the Son and Holy Spirit are only different powers, operations, or offices of the one God the Father.

Sabellianism (n.) The doctrines or tenets of Sabellius. See Sabellian, n.

Saber (n.) Alt. of Sabre

Sabre (n.) A sword with a broad and heavy blade, thick at the back, and usually more or less curved like a scimiter; a cavalry sword.

Saberbill (n.) Alt. of Sabrebill

Sabrebill (n.) The curlew.

Sabian (n.) An adherent of the Sabian religion; a worshiper of the heavenly bodies.

Sabianism (n.) The doctrine of the Sabians; the Sabian religion; that species of idolatry which consists in worshiping the sun, moon, and stars; heliolatry.

Sabicu (n.) The very hard wood of a leguminous West Indian tree (Lysiloma Sabicu), valued for shipbuilding.

Sabine (n.) One of the Sabine people.

Sabine (n.) See Savin.

Sable (n.) A carnivorous animal of the Weasel family (Mustela zibellina) native of the northern latitudes of Europe, Asia, and America, -- noted for its fine, soft, and valuable fur.

Sable (n.) The fur of the sable.

Sable (n.) A mourning garment; a funeral robe; -- generally in the plural.

Sable (n.) The tincture black; -- represented by vertical and horizontal

Sabot (n.) A kind of wooden shoe worn by the peasantry in France, Belgium, Sweden, and some other European countries.

Sabot (n.) A thick, circular disk of wood, to which the cartridge bag and projectile are attached, in fixed ammunition for cannon; also, a piece of soft metal attached to a projectile to take the groove of the rifling.

Sabotiere (n.) A kind of freezer for ices.

Sabretasche (n.) A leather case or pocket worn by cavalry at the left side, suspended from the sword belt.

Sabulosity (n.) The quality of being sabulous; sandiness; grittiness.

Sac (n.) See Sacs.

Sac (n.) The privilege formerly enjoyed by the lord of a manor, of holding courts, trying causes, and imposing fines.

Sac (n.) See 2d Sack.

Sac (n.) A cavity, bag, or receptacle, usually containing fluid, and either closed, or opening into another cavity to the exterior; a sack.

Sacalait (n.) A kind of fresh-water bass; the crappie.

Sacar (n.) See Saker.

Saccade (n.) A sudden, violent check of a horse by drawing or twitching the reins on a sudden and with one pull.

Saccharate (n.) A salt of saccharic acid.

Saccharate (n.) In a wider sense, a compound of saccharose, or any similar carbohydrate, with such bases as the oxides of calcium, barium, or lead; a sucrate.

Saccharilla (n.) A kind of muslin.

Saccharimeter (n.) An instrument for ascertaining the quantity of saccharine matter in any solution, as the juice of a plant, or brewers' and distillers' worts.

Saccharimetry (n.) The act, process or method of determining the amount and kind of sugar present in sirup, molasses, and the like, especially by the employment of polarizing apparatus.

Saccharin (n.) A bitter white crystal

Saccharinate (n.) A salt of saccharinic acid.

Saccharinate (n.) A salt of saccharine.

Saccharine (n.) A trade name for benzoic sulphinide.

Saccharometer (n.) A saccharimeter.

Saccharomyces (n.) A genus of budding fungi, the various species of which have the power, to a greater or less extent, or splitting up sugar into alcohol and carbonic acid. They are the active agents in producing fermentation of wine, beer, etc. Saccharomyces cerevisiae is the yeast of sedimentary beer. Also called Torula.

Saccharonate (n.) A salt of saccharonic acid.

Saccharone (n.) A white crystal

Saccharone (n.) An oily liquid, C6H10O2, obtained by the reduction of saccharin.

Saccharose (n.) Cane sugar; sucrose; also, in general, any one of the group of which saccharose, or sucrose proper, is the type. See Sucrose.

Saccharum (n.) A genus of tall tropical grasses including the sugar cane.

Saccholactate (n.) A salt of saccholactic acid; -- formerly called also saccholate.

Sacchulmate (n.) A salt of sacchulmic acid.

Sacchulmin (n.) An amorphous huminlike substance resembling sacchulmic acid, and produced together with it.

Saccule (n.) A little sac; specifically, the sacculus of the ear.

Sacculus (n.) A little sac; esp., a part of the membranous labyrinth of the ear.

Saccus (n.) A sac.

Sacellum (n.) An unroofed space consecrated to a divinity.

Sacellum (n.) A small monumental chapel in a church.

Sachel (n.) A small bag.

Sachem (n.) A chief of a tribe of the American Indians; a sagamore.

Sachemdom (n.) The government or jurisdiction of a sachem.

Sachemship (n.) Office or condition of a sachem.

Sachet (n.) A scent bag, or perfume cushion, to be laid among handkerchiefs, garments, etc., to perfume them.

Saciety (n.) Satiety.

Sack (n.) A name formerly given to various dry Spanish wines.

Sack (n.) A bag for holding and carrying goods of any kind; a receptacle made of some kind of pliable material, as cloth, leather, and the like; a large pouch.

Sack (n.) A measure of varying capacity, according to local usage and the substance. The American sack of salt is 215 pounds; the sack of wheat, two bushels.

Sack (n.) Originally, a loosely hanging garment for women, worn like a cloak about the shoulders, and serving as a decorative appendage to the gown; now, an outer garment with sleeves, worn by women; as, a dressing sack.

Sack (n.) A sack coat; a kind of coat worn by men, and extending from top to bottom without a cross seam.

Sack (n.) See 2d Sac, 2.

Sack (n.) Bed.

Sack (n.) The pillage or plunder, as of a town or city; the storm and plunder of a town; devastation; ravage.

Sackage (n.) The act of taking by storm and pillaging; sack.

Sackbut (n.) A brass wind instrument, like a bass trumpet, so contrived that it can be lengthened or shortened according to the tone required; -- said to be the same as the trombone.

Sackcloth (n.)

Sacker (n.) One who sacks; one who takes part in the storm and pillage of a town.

Sackful (n.) As much as a sack will hold.

Sacking (n.) Stout, coarse cloth of which sacks, bags, etc., are made.

Sacque (n.) Same as 2d Sack, 3.

Sacrament (n.) The oath of allegiance taken by Roman soldiers; hence, a sacred ceremony used to impress an obligation; a solemn oath-taking; an oath.

Sacrament (n.) The pledge or token of an oath or solemn covenant; a sacred thing; a mystery.

Sacrament (n.) One of the solemn religious ordinances enjoined by Christ, the head of the Christian church, to be observed by his followers; hence, specifically, the eucharist; the Lord's Supper.

Sacramental (n.) That which relates to a sacrament.

Sacramentalism (n.) The doctrine and use of sacraments; attachment of excessive importance to sacraments.

Sacramentalist (n.) One who holds the doctrine of the real objective presence of Christ's body and blood in the holy eucharist.

Sacramentarian (n.) A name given in the sixteenth century to those German reformers who rejected both the Roman and the Lutheran doctrine of the holy eucharist.

Sacramentarian (n.) One who holds extreme opinions regarding the efficacy of sacraments.

Sacramentary (n.) An ancient book of the Roman Catholic Church, written by Pope Gelasius, and revised, corrected, and abridged by St. Gregory, in which were contained the rites for Mass, the sacraments, the dedication of churches, and other ceremonies. There are several ancient books of the same kind in France and Germany.

Sacramentary (n.) Same as Sacramentarian, n., 1.

Sacrarium (n.) A sort of family chapel in the houses of the Romans, devoted to a special divinity.

Sacrarium (n.) The adytum of a temple.

Sacrarium (n.) In a Christian church, the sanctuary.

Sacration (n.) Consecration.

Sacre (n.) See Saker.

Sacrificant (n.) One who offers a sacrifice.

Sacrificator (n.) A sacrificer; one who offers a sacrifice.

Sacrificatory (n.) Offering sacrifice.

Sacrifice (n.) The offering of anything to God, or to a god; consecratory rite.

Sacrifice (n.) Anything consecrated and offered to God, or to a divinity; an immolated victim, or an offering of any kind, laid upon an altar, or otherwise presented in the way of religious thanksgiving, atonement, or conciliation.

Sacrifice (n.) Destruction or surrender of anything for the sake of something else; devotion of some desirable object in behalf of a higher object, or to a claim deemed more pressing; hence, also, the thing so devoted or given up; as, the sacrifice of interest to pleasure, or of pleasure to interest.

Sacrifice (n.) A sale at a price less than the cost or the actual value.

Sacrifice (n.) To make an offering of; to consecrate or present to a divinity by way of expiation or propitiation, or as a token acknowledgment or thanksgiving; to immolate on the altar of God, in order to atone for sin, to procure favor, or to express thankfulness; as, to sacrifice an ox or a sheep.

Sacrifice (n.) Hence, to destroy, surrender, or suffer to be lost, for the sake of obtaining something; to give up in favor of a higher or more imperative object or duty; to devote, with loss or suffering.

Sacrifice (n.) To destroy; to kill.

Sacrifice (n.) To sell at a price less than the cost or the actual value.

Sacrificer (n.) One who sacrifices.

Sacrilege (n.) The sin or crime of violating or profaning sacred things; the alienating to laymen, or to common purposes, what has been appropriated or consecrated to religious persons or uses.

Sacrilegist (n.) One guilty of sacrilege.

Sacrist (n.) A sacristan; also, a person retained in a cathedral to copy out music for the choir, and take care of the books.

Sacristan (n.) An officer of the church who has the care of the utensils or movables, and of the church in general; a sexton.

Sacristy (n.) An apartment in a church where the sacred utensils, vestments, etc., are kept; a vestry.

Sacrum (n.) That part of the vertebral column which is directly connected with, or forms a part of, the pelvis.

Sadda (n.) A work in the Persian tongue, being a summary of the Zend-Avesta, or sacred books.

Sadder (n.) Same as Sadda.

Saddle (n.) A seat for a rider, -- usually made of leather, padded to span comfortably a horse's back, furnished with stirrups for the rider's feet to rest in, and fastened in place with a girth; also, a seat for the rider on a bicycle or tricycle.

Saddle (n.) A padded part of a harness which is worn on a horse's back, being fastened in place with a girth. It serves various purposes, as to keep the breeching in place, carry guides for the reins, etc.

Saddle (n.) A piece of meat containing a part of the backbone of an animal with the ribs on each side; as, a saddle of mutton, of venison, etc.

Saddle (n.) A block of wood, usually fastened to some spar, and shaped to receive the end of another spar.

Saddle (n.) A part, as a flange, which is hollowed out to fit upon a convex surface and serve as a means of attachment or support.

Saddle (n.) The clitellus of an earthworm.

Saddle (n.) The threshold of a door, when a separate piece from the floor or landing; -- so called because it spans and covers the joint between two floors.

Saddleback (n.) Anything saddle-backed; esp., a hill or ridge having a concave out

Saddleback (n.) The harp seal.

Saddleback (n.) The great blackbacked gull (Larus marinus).

Saddleback (n.) The larva of a bombycid moth (Empretia stimulea) which has a large, bright green, saddle-shaped patch of color on the back.

Saddlebow (n.) The bow or arch in the front part of a saddle, or the pieces which form the front.

Saddlecloth (n.) A cloth under a saddle, and extending out behind; a housing.

Saddler (n.) One who makes saddles.

Saddler (n.) A harp seal.

Saddlery (n.) The materials for making saddles and harnesses; the articles usually offered for sale in a saddler's shop.

Saddlery (n.) The trade or employment of a saddler.

Saddletree (n.) The frame of a saddle.

Sadducee (n.) One of a sect among the ancient Jews, who denied the resurrection, a future state, and the existence of angels.

Sadduceeism (n.) Alt. of Sadducism

Sadducism (n.) The tenets of the Sadducees.

Sadh (n.) A member of a monotheistic sect of Hindoos. Sadhs resemble the Quakers in many respects.

Sadiron (n.) An iron for smoothing clothes; a flatiron.

Sadness (n.) Heaviness; firmness.

Sadness (n.) Seriousness; gravity; discretion.

Sadness (n.) Quality of being sad, or unhappy; gloominess; sorrowfulness; dejection.

Sadr (n.) A plant of the genus Ziziphus (Z. lotus); -- so called by the Arabs of Barbary, who use its berries for food. See Lotus (b).

Saengerfest (n.) A festival of singers; a German singing festival.

Safe (n.) A place for keeping things in safety.

Safe (n.) A strong and fireproof receptacle (as a movable chest of steel, etc., or a closet or vault of brickwork) for containing money, valuable papers, or the like.

Safe (n.) A ventilated or refrigerated chest or closet for securing provisions from noxious animals or insects.

Safe-conduct (n.) That which gives a safe passage

Safe-conduct (n.) a convoy or guard to protect a person in an enemy's country or a foreign country

Safe-conduct (n.) a writing, pass, or warrant of security, given to a person to enable him to travel with safety.

Safeguard (n.) One who, or that which, defends or protects; defense; protection.

Safeguard (n.) A convoy or guard to protect a traveler or property.

Safeguard (n.) A pass; a passport; a safe-conduct.

Safe-keeping (n.) The act of keeping or preserving in safety from injury or from escape; care; custody.

Safeness (n.) The quality or state of being safe; freedom from hazard, danger, harm, or loss; safety; security; as the safeness of an experiment, of a journey, or of a possession.

Safe-pledge (n.) A surety for the appearance of a person at a given time.

Safety (n.) The condition or state of being safe; freedom from danger or hazard; exemption from hurt, injury, or loss.

Safety (n.) Freedom from whatever exposes one to danger or from liability to cause danger or harm; safeness; hence, the quality of making safe or secure, or of giving confidence, justifying trust, insuring against harm or loss, etc.

Safety (n.) Preservation from escape; close custody.

Safety (n.) Same as Safety touchdown, below.

Safflow (n.) The safflower.

Safflower (n.) An annual composite plant (Carthamus tinctorius), the flowers of which are used as a dyestuff and in making rouge; bastard, or false, saffron.

Safflower (n.) The dried flowers of the Carthamus tinctorius.

Safflower (n.) A dyestuff from these flowers. See Safranin (b).

Saffron (n.) A bulbous iridaceous plant (Crocus sativus) having blue flowers with large yellow stigmas. See Crocus.

Saffron (n.) The aromatic, pungent, dried stigmas, usually with part of the stile, of the Crocus sativus. Saffron is used in cookery, and in coloring confectionery, liquors, varnishes, etc., and was formerly much used in medicine.

Saffron (n.) An orange or deep yellow color, like that of the stigmas of the Crocus sativus.

Safranin (n.) An orange-red dyestuff extracted from the saffron.

Safranin (n.) A red dyestuff extracted from the safflower, and formerly used in dyeing wool, silk, and cotton pink and scarlet; -- called also Spanish red, China lake, and carthamin.

Safranin (n.) An orange-red dyestuff prepared from certain nitro compounds of creosol, and used as a substitute for the safflower dye.

Safranine (n.) An orange-red nitrogenous dyestuff produced artificially by oxidizing certain ani

Sag (n.) State of sinking or bending; sagging.

Saga (n.) A Scandinavian legend, or heroic or mythic tradition, among the Norsemen and kindred people; a northern European popular historical or religious tale of olden time.

Sagacity (n.) The quality of being sagacious; quickness or acuteness of sense perceptions; keenness of discernment or penetration with soundness of judgment; shrewdness.

Sagamore (n.) The head of a tribe among the American Indians; a chief; -- generally used as synonymous with sachem, but some writters distinguished between them, making the sachem a chief of the first rank, and a sagamore one of the second rank.

Sagamore (n.) A juice used in medicine.

Sagapen (n.) Sagapenum.

Sagapenum (n.) A fetid gum resin obtained from a species of Ferula. It has been used in hysteria, etc., but is now seldom met with.

Sagathy (n.) A mixed woven fabric of silk and cotton, or silk and wool; sayette; also, a light woolen fabric.

Sage (n.) A suffruticose labiate plant (Salvia officinalis) with grayish green foliage, much used in flavoring meats, etc. The name is often extended to the whole genus, of which many species are cultivated for ornament, as the scarlet sage, and Mexican red and blue sage.

Sage (n.) The sagebrush.

Sage (n.) A wise man; a man of gravity and wisdom; especially, a man venerable for years, and of sound judgment and prudence; a grave philosopher.

Sagebrush (n.) A low irregular shrub (Artemisia tridentata), of the order Compositae, covering vast tracts of the dry alka

Sagene (n.) A Russian measure of length equal to about seven English feet.

Sageness (n.) The quality or state of being sage; wisdom; sagacity; prudence; gravity.

Sagenite (n.) Acicular rutile occurring in reticulated forms imbedded in quartz.

Sagger (n.) A pot or case of fire clay, in which fine stoneware is inclosed while baking in the kiln; a seggar.

Sagger (n.) The clay of which such pots or cases are made.

Sagging (n.) A bending or sinking between the ends of a thing, in consequence of its own, or an imposed, weight; an arching downward in the middle, as of a ship after straining. Cf. Hogging.

Sagination (n.) The act of fattening or pampering.

Sagitta (n.) A small constellation north of Aquila; the Arrow.

Sagitta (n.) The keystone of an arch.

Sagitta (n.) The distance from a point in a curve to the chord; also, the versed sine of an arc; -- so called from its resemblance to an arrow resting on the bow and string.

Sagitta (n.) The larger of the two otoliths, or ear bones, found in most fishes.

Sagitta (n.) A genus of transparent, free-swimming marine worms having lateral and caudal fins, and capable of swimming rapidly. It is the type of the class Chaetognatha.

Sagittarius (n.) The ninth of the twelve signs of the zodiac, which the sun enters about November 22, marked thus [/] in almanacs; the Archer.

Sagittarius (n.) A zodiacal constellation, represented on maps and globes as a centaur shooting an arrow.

Sagittary (n.) A centaur; a fabulous being, half man, half horse, armed with a bow and quiver.

Sagittary (n.) The Arsenal in Venice; -- so called from having a figure of an archer over the door.

Sagittocyst (n.) A defensive cell containing a minute rodlike structure which may be expelled. Such cells are found in certain Turbellaria.

Sago (n.) A dry granulated starch imported from the East Indies, much used for making puddings and as an article of diet for the sick; also, as starch, for stiffening textile fabrics. It is prepared from the stems of several East Indian and Malayan palm trees, but chiefly from the Metroxylon Sagu; also from several cycadaceous plants (Cycas revoluta, Zamia integrifolia, etc.).

Sagoin (n.) A marmoset; -- called also sagouin.

Sagum (n.) The military cloak of the Roman soldiers.

Sagus (n.) A genus of palms from which sago is obtained.

Sahib (n.) Alt. of Saheb

Saheb (n.) A respectful title or appellation given to Europeans of rank.

Sahibah (n.) A lady; mistress.

Sahlite (n.) See Salite.

Sahui (n.) A marmoset.

Sai (n.) See Capuchin, 3 (a).

Saibling (n.) A European mountain trout (Salvelinus alpinus); -- called also Bavarian charr.

Saic (n.) A kind of ketch very common in the Levant, which has neither topgallant sail nor mizzen topsail.

Saiga (n.) An antelope (Saiga Tartarica) native of the plains of Siberia and Eastern Russia. The male has erect annulated horns, and tufts of long hair beneath the eyes and ears.

Saikyr (n.) Same as Saker.

Sail (n.) An extent of canvas or other fabric by means of which the wind is made serviceable as a power for propelling vessels through the water.

Sail (n.) Anything resembling a sail, or regarded as a sail.

Sail (n.) A wing; a van.

Sail (n.) The extended surface of the arm of a windmill.

Sail (n.) A sailing vessel; a vessel of any kind; a craft.

Sail (n.) A passage by a sailing vessel; a journey or excursion upon the water.

Sail (n.) To be impelled or driven forward by the action of wind upon sails, as a ship on water; to be impelled on a body of water by the action of steam or other power.

Sail (n.) To move through or on the water; to swim, as a fish or a water fowl.

Sail (n.) To be conveyed in a vessel on water; to pass by water; as, they sailed from London to Canton.

Sail (n.) To set sail; to begin a voyage.

Sail (n.) To move smoothly through the air; to glide through the air without apparent exertion, as a bird.

Sailboat (n.) A boat propelled by a sail or sails.

Sailcloth (n.) Duck or canvas used in making sails.

Sailer (n.) A sailor.

Sailer (n.) A ship or other vessel; -- with qualifying words descriptive of speed or manner of sailing; as, a heavy sailer; a fast sailer.

Sailfish (n.) The banner fish, or spikefish (Histiophorus.)

Sailfish (n.) The basking, or liver, shark.

Sailfish (n.) The quillback.

Sailing (n.) The act of one who, or that which, sails; the motion of a vessel on water, impelled by wind or steam; the act of starting on a voyage.

Sailing (n.) The art of managing a vessel; seamanship; navigation; as, globular sailing; oblique sailing.

Sailmaker (n.) One whose occupation is to make or repair sails.

Sailor (n.) One who follows the business of navigating ships or other vessels; one who understands the practical management of ships; one of the crew of a vessel; a mariner; a common seaman.

Saim (n.) Lard; grease.

Saimir (n.) The squirrel monkey.

Sainfoin (n.) A leguminous plant (Onobrychis sativa) cultivated for fodder.

Sainfoin (n.) A kind of tick trefoil (Desmodium Canadense).

Saint (n.) A person sanctified; a holy or godly person; one eminent for piety and virtue; any true Christian, as being redeemed and consecrated to God.

Saint (n.) One of the blessed in heaven.

Saint (n.) One canonized by the church.

Saintdom (n.) The state or character of a saint.

Saintess (n.) A female saint.

Sainthood (n.) The state of being a saint; the condition of a saint.

Sainthood (n.) The order, or united body, of saints; saints, considered collectively.

Saintism (n.) The character or quality of saints; also, hypocritical pretense of ho

Saint

Saintologist (n.) One who writes the lives of saints.

Saintship (n.) The character or qualities of a saint.

Saint-Simonian (n.) A follower of the Count de St. Simon, who died in 1825, and who maintained that the principle of property held in common, and the just division of the fruits of common labor among the members of society, are the true remedy for the social evils which exist.

Saint-Simonianism (n.) The principles, doctrines, or practice of the Saint-Simonians; -- called also Saint- Simonism.

Saithe (n.) The pollock, or coalfish; -- called also sillock.

Saiva (n.) One of an important religious sect in India which regards Siva with peculiar veneration.

Saivism (n.) The worship of Siva.

Sajene (n.) Same as Sagene.

Sajou (n.) Same as Sapajou.

Sake (n.) Final cause; end; purpose of obtaining; cause; motive; reason; interest; concern; account; regard or respect; -- used chiefly in such phrases as, for the sake of, for his sake, for man's sake, for mercy's sake, and the like; as, to commit crime for the sake of gain; to go abroad for the sake of one's health.

Saker (n.) A falcon (Falco sacer) native of Southern Europe and Asia, closely resembling the lanner.

Saker (n.) The peregrine falcon.

Saker (n.) A small piece of artillery.

Sakeret (n.) The male of the saker (a).

Saki (n.) Any one of several species of South American monkeys of the genus Pithecia. They have large ears, and a long hairy tail which is not prehensile.

Saki (n.) The alcoholic drink of Japan. It is made from rice.

Sakti (n.) The divine energy, personified as the wife of a deity (Brahma, Vishnu, Siva, etc.); the female principle.

Sal (n.) An East Indian timber tree (Shorea robusta), much used for building purposes. It is of a light brown color, close-grained, heavy, and durable.

Sal (n.) Salt.

Salaam (n.) Same as Salam.

Salability (n.) The quality or condition of being salable; salableness.

Salacious (n.) Having a propensity to venery; lustful; lecherous.

Salacity (n.) Strong propensity to venery; lust; lecherousness.

Salad (n.) A preparation of vegetables, as lettuce, celery, water cress, onions, etc., usually dressed with salt, vinegar, oil, and spice, and eaten for giving a relish to other food; as, lettuce salad; tomato salad, etc.

Salad (n.) A dish composed of chopped meat or fish, esp. chicken or lobster, mixed with lettuce or other vegetables, and seasoned with oil, vinegar, mustard, and other condiments; as, chicken salad; lobster salad.

Salade (n.) A helmet. See Sallet.

Salading (n.) Vegetables for salad.

Salaeratus (n.) See Saleratus.

Salagane (n.) The esculent swallow. See under Esculent.

Salal-berry (n.) The edible fruit of the Gaultheria Shallon, an ericaceous shrub found from California northwards. The berries are about the size of a common grape and of a dark purple color.

Salam (n.) A salutation or compliment of ceremony in the east by word or act; an obeisance, performed by bowing very low and placing the right palm on the forehead.

Salamander (n.) Any one of numerous species of Urodela, belonging to Salamandra, Amblystoma, Plethodon, and various allied genera, especially those that are more or less terrestrial in their habits.

Salamander (n.) The pouched gopher (Geomys tuza) of the Southern United States.

Salamander (n.) A culinary utensil of metal with a plate or disk which is heated, and held over pastry, etc., to brown it.

Salamander (n.) A large poker.

Salamander (n.) Solidified material in a furnace hearth.

Salamandrina (n.) A suborder of Urodela, comprising salamanders.

Salamstone (n.) A kind of blue sapphire brought from Ceylon.

Salangana (n.) The salagane.

Salary (n.) The recompense or consideration paid, or stipulated to be paid, to a person at regular intervals for services; fixed wages, as by the year, quarter, or month; stipend; hire.

Sale (n.) See 1st Sallow.

Saleb (n.) See Salep.

Salebrosity (n.) Roughness or ruggedness.

Salep (n.) The dried tubers of various species of Orchis, and Eulophia. It is used to make a nutritious beverage by treating the powdered preparation with hot water.

Saleratus (n.) Aerated salt; a white crystal

Salesman (n.) One who sells anything; one whose occupation is to sell goods or merchandise.

Saleswoman (n.) A woman whose occupation is to sell goods or merchandise.

Salework (n.) Work or things made for sale; hence, work done carelessly or slightingly.

Salian (n.) A Salian Frank.

Salicin (n.) A glucoside found in the bark and leaves of several species of willow (Salix) and poplar, and extracted as a bitter white crystal

Salicyl (n.) The hypothetical radical of salicylic acid and of certain related compounds.

Salicylal (n.) A thin, fragrant, colorless oil, HO.C6H4.CHO, found in the flowers of meadow sweet (Spiraea), and also obtained by oxidation of salicin, saligenin, etc. It reddens on exposure. Called also salicylol, salicylic aldehyde, and formerly salicylous, / spiroylous, acid.

Salicylate (n.) A salt of salicylic acid.

Salicylide (n.) A white crystal

Salicylite (n.) A compound of salicylal; -- named after the analogy of a salt.

Salicylol (n.) Same as Salicylal.

Salience (n.) The quality or condition of being salient; a leaping; a springing forward; an assaulting.

Salience (n.) The quality or state of projecting, or being projected; projection; protrusion.

Saliency (n.) Quality of being salient; hence, vigor.

Salification (n.) The act, process, or result of salifying; the state of being salified.

Saligenin (n.) A phenol alcohol obtained, by the decomposition of salicin, as a white crystal

Saligot (n.) The water chestnut (Trapa natans).

Salimeter (n.) An instrument for measuring the amount of salt present in any given solution.

Salimetry (n.) The art or process of measuring the amount of salt in a substance.

Salination (n.) The act of washing with salt water.

Sa

Sa

Sa

Salinity (n.) Sa

Salinometer (n.) A salimeter.

Saliretin (n.) A yellow amorphous resinoid substance obtained by the action of dilute acids on saligenin.

Salisburia (n.) The ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba, or Salisburia adiantifolia).

Salite (n.) A massive lamellar variety of pyroxene, of a dingy green color.

Saliva (n.) The secretion from the salivary glands.

Salivant (n.) That which produces salivation.

Salivation (n.) The act or process of salivating; an excessive secretion of saliva, often accompanied with soreness of the mouth and gums; ptyalism.

Salix (n.) A genus of trees or shrubs including the willow, osier, and the like, growing usually in wet grounds.

Salix (n.) A tree or shrub of any kind of willow.

Sallet (n.) A light kind of helmet, with or without a visor, introduced during the 15th century.

Sallet (n.) Alt. of Salleting

Salleting (n.) Salad.

Salliance (n.) Salience.

Sallow (n.) The willow; willow twigs.

Sallow (n.) A name given to certain species of willow, especially those which do not have flexible shoots, as Salix caprea, S. cinerea, etc.

Sallowness (n.) The quality or condition of being sallow.

Sallyman (n.) The velella; -- called also saleeman.

Salm (n.) Psalm.

Salmagundi (n.) A mixture of chopped meat and pickled herring, with oil, vinegar, pepper, and onions.

Salmagundi (n.) Hence, a mixture of various ingredients; an olio or medley; a potpourri; a miscellany.

Salmi (n.) Same as Salmis.

Salmiac (n.) Sal ammoniac. See under Sal.

Salmis (n.) A ragout of partly roasted game stewed with sauce, wine, bread, and condiments suited to provoke appetite.

Salmonet (n.) A salmon of small size; a samlet.

Salmonoid (n.) Any fish of the family Salmonidae.

Salogen (n.) A halogen.

Salol (n.) A white crystal

salometer (n.) See Salimeter.

Salomtry (n.) Salimetry.

Salon (n.) An apartment for the reception of company; hence, in the plural, fashionable parties; circles of fashionable society.

Saloon (n.) A spacious and elegant apartment for the reception of company or for works of art; a hall of reception, esp. a hall for public entertainments or amusements; a large room or parlor; as, the saloon of a steamboat.

Saloon (n.) Popularly, a public room for specific uses; esp., a barroom or grogshop; as, a drinking saloon; an eating saloon; a dancing saloon.

Saloop (n.) An aromatic drink prepared from sassafras bark and other ingredients, at one time much used in London.

Salp (n.) Any species of Salpa, or of the family Salpidae.

Salpa (n.) A genus of transparent, tubular, free-swimming oceanic tunicates found abundantly in all the warmer latitudes. See Illustration in Appendix.

Salpian (n.) Alt. of Salpid

Salpid (n.) A salpa.

Salpicon (n.) Chopped meat, bread, etc., used to stuff legs of veal or other joints; stuffing; farce.

Salpingitis (n.) Inflammation of the salpinx.

Salpinx (n.) The Eustachian tube, or the Fallopian tube.

Salsafy (n.) See Salsify.

Salse (n.) A mud volcano, the water of which is often impregnated with salts, whence the name.

Salsify (n.) See Oyster plant (a), under Oyster.

Salsoda (n.) See Sal soda, under Sal.

Salsola (n.) A genus of plants including the glasswort. See Glasswort.

Salt (n.) The chloride of sodium, a substance used for seasoning food, for the preservation of meat, etc. It is found native in the earth, and is also produced, by evaporation and crystallization, from sea water and other water impregnated with sa

Salt (n.) Hence, flavor; taste; savor; smack; seasoning.

Salt (n.) Hence, also, piquancy; wit; sense; as, Attic salt.

Salt (n.) A dish for salt at table; a saltcellar.

Salt (n.) A sailor; -- usually qualified by old.

Salt (n.) The neutral compound formed by the union of an acid and a base; thus, sulphuric acid and iron form the salt sulphate of iron or green vitriol.

Salt (n.) Fig.: That which preserves from corruption or error; that which purifies; a corrective; an antiseptic; also, an allowance or deduction; as, his statements must be taken with a grain of salt.

Salt (n.) Any mineral salt used as an aperient or cathartic, especially Epsom salts, Rochelle salt, or Glauber's salt.

Salt (n.) Marshes flooded by the tide.

Salt (n.) Of or relating to salt; abounding in, or containing, salt; prepared or preserved with, or tasting of, salt; salted; as, salt beef; salt water.

Salt (n.) Overflowed with, or growing in, salt water; as, a salt marsh; salt grass.

Salt (n.) Fig.: Bitter; sharp; pungent.

Salt (n.) Fig.: Salacious; lecherous; lustful.

Salt (n.) The act of leaping or jumping; a leap.

Saltarella (n.) See Saltarello.

Saltarello (n.) A popular Italian dance in quick 3-4 or 6-8 time, running mostly in triplets, but with a hop step at the beginning of each measure. See Tarantella.

Saltation (n.) A leaping or jumping.

Saltation (n.) Beating or palpitation; as, the saltation of the great artery.

Saltation (n.) An abrupt and marked variation in the condition or appearance of a species; a sudden modification which may give rise to new races.

Saltbush (n.) An Australian plant (Atriplex nummularia) of the Goosefoot family.

Saltcat (n.) A mixture of salt, coarse meal, lime, etc., attractive to pigeons.

Saltcellar (n.) Formerly a large vessel, now a small vessel of glass or other material, used for holding salt on the table.

Salter (n.) One who makes, sells, or applies salt; one who salts meat or fish.

Saltern (n.) A building or place where salt is made by boiling or by evaporation; salt works.

Saltfoot (n.) A large saltcellar formerly placed near the center of the table. The superior guests were seated above the saltfoot.

Saltle (n.) The European dab.

Saltier (n.) See Saltire.

Saltigrade (n.) One of the Saltigradae, a tribe of spiders which leap to seize their prey.

Saltimbanco (n.) A mountebank; a quack.

Salting (n.) The act of sprinkling, impregnating, or furnishing, with salt.

Salting (n.) A salt marsh.

Saltmouth (n.) A wide-mouthed bottle with glass stopper for holding chemicals, especially crystallized salts.

Saltness (n.) The quality or state of being salt, or state of being salt, or impregnated with salt; salt taste; as, the saltness of sea water.

Saltpeter (n.) Alt. of Saltpetre

Saltpetre (n.) Potassium nitrate; niter; a white crystal

Saltwort (n.) A name given to several plants which grow on the seashore, as the Batis maritima, and the glasswort. See Glasswort.

Salubrity (n.) The quality of being salubrious; favorableness to the preservation of health; salubriousness; wholesomeness; healthfulness; as, the salubrity of the air, of a country, or a climate.

Salutation (n.) The act of saluting, or paying respect or reverence, by the customary words or actions; the act of greeting, or expressing good will or courtesy; also, that which is uttered or done in saluting or greeting.

Salutatorian (n.) The student who pronounces the salutatory oration at the annual Commencement or like exercises of a college, -- an honor commonly assigned to that member of the graduating class who ranks second in scholarship.

Salutatory (n.) A place for saluting or greeting; a vestibule; a porch.

Salutatory (n.) The salutatory oration.

Saluter (n.) One who salutes.

Salvability (n.) The quality or condition of being salvable; salvableness.

Salvage (n.) The act of saving a vessel, goods, or life, from perils of the sea.

Salvage (n.) The compensation allowed to persons who voluntarily assist in saving a ship or her cargo from peril.

Salvage (n.) That part of the property that survives the peril and is saved.

Salvation (n.) The act of saving; preservation or deliverance from destruction, danger, or great calamity.

Salvation (n.) The redemption of man from the bondage of sin and liability to eternal death, and the conferring on him of everlasting happiness.

Salvation (n.) Saving power; that which saves.

Salvationist (n.) An evangelist, a member, or a recruit, of the Salvation Army.

Salvatory (n.) A place where things are preserved; a repository.

Salve (n.) An adhesive composition or substance to be applied to wounds or sores; a healing ointment.

Salve (n.) A soothing remedy or antidote.

Salve (n.) To heal by applications or medicaments; to cure by remedial treatment; to apply salve to; as, to salve a wound.

Salve (n.) To heal; to remedy; to cure; to make good; to soothe, as with an ointment, especially by some device, trick, or quibble; to gloss over.

Salver (n.) One who salves, or uses salve as a remedy; hence, a quacksalver, or quack.

Salver (n.) A salvor.

Salver (n.) A tray or waiter on which anything is presented.

Salvia (n.) A genus of plants including the sage. See Sage.

Salvo (n.) An exception; a reservation; an excuse.

Salvo (n.) A concentrated fire from pieces of artillery, as in endeavoring to make a break in a fortification; a volley.

Salvo (n.) A salute paid by a simultaneous, or nearly simultaneous, firing of a number of cannon.

Salvor (n.) One who assists in saving a ship or goods at sea, without being under special obligation to do so.

Samara (n.) A dry, indehiscent, usually one-seeded, winged fruit, as that of the ash, maple, and elm; a key or key fruit.

Samare (n.) See Simar.

Samaritan (n.) A native or inhabitant of Samaria; also, the language of Samaria.

Samarium (n.) A rare metallic element of doubtful identity.

Samarra (n.) See Simar.

Sambo (n.) A colloquial or humorous appellation for a negro; sometimes, the offspring of a black person and a mulatto; a zambo.

Samboo (n.) Same as Sambur.

Sambucus (n.) A genus of shrubs and trees; the elder.

Sambuke (n.) An ancient stringed instrument used by the Greeks, the particular construction of which is unknown.

Sambur (n.) An East Indian deer (Rusa Aristotelis) having a mane on its neck. Its antlers have but three prongs. Called also gerow. The name is applied to other species of the genus Rusa, as the Bornean sambur (R. equina).

Same

Sameness (n.) The state of being the same; identity; absence of difference; near resemblance; correspondence; similarity; as, a sameness of person, of manner, of sound, of appearance, and the like.

Sameness (n.) Hence, want of variety; tedious monotony.

Samette (n.) See Samite.

Samian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Samos.

Samiel (n.) A hot and destructive wind that sometimes blows, in Turkey, from the desert. It is identical with the simoom of Arabia and the kamsin of Syria.

Samlet (n.) The parr.

Sammier (n.) A machine for pressing the water from skins in tanning.

Samoan (n.) An inhabitant of the Samoan Islands.

Samovar (n.) A metal urn used in Russia for making tea. It is filled with water, which is heated by charcoal placed in a pipe, with chimney attached, which passes through the urn.

Samp (n.) An article of food consisting of maize broken or bruised, which is cooked by boiling, and usually eaten with milk; coarse hominy.

Sampan (n.) A Chinese boat from twelve to fifteen feet long, covered with a house, and sometimes used as a permanent habitation on the inland waters.

Samphire (n.) A fleshy, suffrutescent, umbelliferous European plant (Crithmum maritimum). It grows among rocks and on cliffs along the seacoast, and is used for pickles.

Samphire (n.) The species of glasswort (Salicornia herbacea); -- called in England marsh samphire.

Samphire (n.) A seashore shrub (Borrichia arborescens) of the West Indies.

Sample (n.) Example; pattern.

Sample (n.) A part of anything presented for inspection, or shown as evidence of the quality of the whole; a specimen; as, goods are often purchased by samples.

Sampler (n.) One who makes up samples for inspection; one who examines samples, or by samples; as, a wool sampler.

Sampler (n.) A pattern; a specimen; especially, a collection of needlework patterns, as letters, borders, etc., to be used as samples, or to display the skill of the worker.

Samshoo (n.) Alt. of Samshu

Samshu (n.) A spirituous liquor distilled by the Chinese from the yeasty liquor in which boiled rice has fermented under pressure.

Samson (n.) An Israelite of Bible record (see Judges xiii.), distinguished for his great strength; hence, a man of extraordinary physical strength.

Sanability (n.) The quality or state of being sanable; sanableness; curableness.

Sanableness (n.) The quality of being sanable.

Sanation (n.) The act of healing or curing.

Sanatorium (n.) An establishment for the treatment of the sick; a resort for invalids. See Sanitarium.

Sanbenito (n.) Anciently, a sackcloth coat worn by penitents on being reconciled to the church.

Sanbenito (n.) A garnment or cap, or sometimes both, painted with flames, figures, etc., and worn by persons who had been examined by the Inquisition and were brought forth for punishment at the auto-da-fe.

Sance-bell (n.) Alt. of Sancte bell

Sancte bell (n.) See Sanctus bell, under Sanctus.

Sanctification (n.) The act of sanctifying or making holy; the state of being sanctified or made holy;

Sanctification (n.) the act of God's grace by which the affections of men are purified, or alienated from sin and the world, and exalted to a supreme love to God; also, the state of being thus purified or sanctified.

Sanctification (n.) The act of consecrating, or of setting apart for a sacred purpose; consecration.

Sanctifier (n.) One who sanctifies, or makes holy; specifically, the Holy Spirit.

Sanctimony (n.) Ho

Sanction (n.) Solemn or ceremonious ratification; an official act of a superior by which he ratifies and gives validity to the act of some other person or body; establishment or furtherance of anything by giving authority to it; confirmation; approbation.

Sanction (n.) Anything done or said to enforce the will, law, or authority of another; as, legal sanctions.

Sanctitude (n.) Ho

Sanctity (n.) The state or quality of being sacred or holy; ho

Sanctity (n.) Sacredness; solemnity; inviolability; religious binding force; as, the sanctity of an oath.

Sanctity (n.) A saint or holy being.

Sanctuary (n.) A sacred place; a consecrated spot; a holy and inviolable site.

Sanctuary (n.) The most retired part of the temple at Jerusalem, called the Holy of Holies, in which was kept the ark of the covenant, and into which no person was permitted to enter except the high priest, and he only once a year, to intercede for the people; also, the most sacred part of the tabernacle; also, the temple at Jerusalem.

Sanctuary (n.) The most sacred part of any religious building, esp. that part of a Christian church in which the altar is placed.

Sanctuary (n.) A house consecrated to the worship of God; a place where divine service is performed; a church, temple, or other place of worship.

Sanctuary (n.) A sacred and inviolable asylum; a place of refuge and protection; shelter; refuge; protection.

Sanctum (n.) A sacred place; hence, a place of retreat; a room reserved for personal use; as, an editor's sanctum.

Sanctus (n.) A part of the Mass, or, in Protestant churches, a part of the communion service, of which the first words in Latin are Sanctus, sanctus, sanctus [Holy, holy, holy]; -- called also Tersanctus.

Sanctus (n.) An anthem composed for these words.

Sand (n.) Fine particles of stone, esp. of siliceous stone, but not reduced to dust; comminuted stone in the form of loose grains, which are not coherent when wet.

Sand (n.) A single particle of such stone.

Sand (n.) The sand in the hourglass; hence, a moment or interval of time; the term or extent of one's life.

Sand (n.) Tracts of land consisting of sand, like the deserts of Arabia and Africa; also, extensive tracts of sand exposed by the ebb of the tide.

Sand (n.) Courage; pluck; grit.

Sandal (n.) Same as Sendal.

Sandal (n.) Sandalwood.

Sandal (n.) A kind of shoe consisting of a sole strapped to the foot; a protection for the foot, covering its lower surface, but not its upper.

Sandal (n.) A kind of slipper.

Sandal (n.) An overshoe with parallel openings across the instep.

Sandalwood (n.) The highly perfumed yellowish heartwood of an East Indian and Polynesian tree (Santalum album), and of several other trees of the same genus, as the Hawaiian Santalum Freycinetianum and S. pyrularium, the Australian S. latifolium, etc. The name is extended to several other kinds of fragrant wood.

Sandalwood (n.) Any tree of the genus Santalum, or a tree which yields sandalwood.

Sandalwood (n.) The red wood of a kind of buckthorn, used in Russia for dyeing leather (Rhamnus Dahuricus).

Sandarach (n.) Alt. of Sandarac

Sandarac (n.) Realgar; red sulphide of arsenic.

Sandarac (n.) A white or yellow resin obtained from a Barbary tree (Callitris quadrivalvis or Thuya articulata), and pulverized for pounce; -- probably so called from a resemblance to the mineral.

Sandbagger (n.) An assaulter whose weapon is a sand bag. See Sand bag, under Sand.

Sandemanian (n.) A follower of Robert Sandeman, a Scotch sectary of the eighteenth century. See Glassite.

Sandemanianism (n.) The faith or system of the Sandemanians.

Sanderling (n.) A small gray and brown sandpiper (Calidris arenaria) very common on sandy beaches in America, Europe, and Asia. Called also curwillet, sand lark, stint, and ruddy plover.

Sanders (n.) An old name of sandalwood, now applied only to the red sandalwood. See under Sandalwood.

Sanders-blue (n.) See Saunders-blue.

Sandever (n.) See Sandiver.

Sandfish (n.) A small marine fish of the Pacific coast of North America (Trichodon trichodon) which buries itself in the sand.

Sandglass (n.) An instrument for measuring time by the running of sand. See Hourglass.

Sandhiller (n.) A nickname given to any "poor white" living in the pine woods which cover the sandy hills in Georgia and South Carolina.

Sandiness (n.) The quality or state of being sandy, or of being of a sandy color.

Sandiver (n.) A whitish substance which is cast up, as a scum, from the materials of glass in fusion, and, floating on the top, is skimmed off; -- called also glass gall.

Sandix (n.) A kind of minium, or red lead, made by calcining carbonate of lead, but inferior to true minium.

Sandman (n.) A mythical person who makes children sleepy, so that they rub their eyes as if there were sand in them.

Sandnecker (n.) A European flounder (Hippoglossoides limandoides); -- called also rough dab, long fluke, sand fluke, and sand sucker.

Sandpaper (n.) Paper covered on one side with sand glued fast, -- used for smoothing and polishing.

Sandpiper (n.) Any one of numerous species of small limico

Sandpiper (n.) A small lamprey eel; the pride.

Sandpit (n.) A pit or excavation from which sand is or has been taken.

Sandre (n.) A Russian fish (Lucioperca sandre) which yields a valuable oil, called sandre oil, used in the preparation of caviare.

Sandstone (n.) A rock made of sand more or less firmly united. Common or siliceous sandstone consists mainly of quartz sand.

Sandwich (n.) Two pieces of bread and butter with a thin slice of meat, cheese, or the like, between them.

Sandworm (n.) Any one of numerous species of annelids which burrow in the sand of the seashore.

Sandworm (n.) Any species of annelids of the genus Sabellaria. They construct firm tubes of agglutinated sand on rocks and shells, and are sometimes destructive to oysters.

Sandworm (n.) The chigoe, a species of flea.

Sandwort (n.) Any plant of the genus Arenaria, low, tufted herbs (order Caryophyllaceae.)

Sandyx (n.) See Sandix.

Saneness (n.) The state of being sane; sanity.

Sanga (n.) Alt. of Sangu

Sangu (n.) The Abyssinian ox (Bos / Bibos, Africanus), noted for the great length of its horns. It has a hump on its back.

Sangaree (n.) Wine and water sweetened and spiced, -- a favorite West Indian drink.

Sang-froid (n.) Freedom from agitation or excitement of mind; coolness in trying circumstances; indifference; calmness.

Sangiac (n.) See Sanjak.

Sangraal (n.) Alt. of Sangreal

Sangreal (n.) See Holy Grail, under Grail.

Sanguification (n.) The production of blood; the conversion of the products of digestion into blood; hematosis.

Sanguifier (n.) A producer of blood.

Sanguinaceous (n.) Of a blood-red color; sanguine.

Sanguinaria (n.) A genus of plants of the Poppy family.

Sanguinaria (n.) The rootstock of the bloodroot, used in medicine as an emetic, etc.

Sanguinariness (n.) The quality or state of being sanguinary.

Sanguine (n.) Blood color; red.

Sanguine (n.) Anything of a blood-red color, as cloth.

Sanguine (n.) Bloodstone.

Sanguine (n.) Red crayon. See the Note under Crayon, 1.

Sanguineness (n.) The quality of being sanguine.

sanguinity (n.) The quality of being sanguine; sanguineness.

Sanguinolency (n.) The state of being sanguinolent, or bloody.

Sanguisuge (n.) A bloodsucker, or leech.

Sanhedrin (n.) Alt. of Sanhedrim

Sanhedrim (n.) the great council of the Jews, which consisted of seventy members, to whom the high priest was added. It had jurisdiction of religious matters.

Sanhedrist (n.) A member of the sanhedrin.

Sanhita (n.) A collection of vedic hymns, songs, or verses, forming the first part of each Veda.

Sanicle (n.) Any plant of the umbelliferous genus Sanicula, reputed to have healing powers.

Sanidine (n.) A variety of orthoclase feldspar common in certain eruptive rocks, as trachyte; -- called also glassy feldspar.

Sanies (n.) A thin, serous fluid commonly discharged from ulcers or foul wounds.

Sanitarian (n.) An advocate of sanitary measures; one especially interested or versed in sanitary measures.

Sanitarist (n.) A sanitarian.

Sanitarium (n.) A health station or retreat; a sanatorium.

Sanitation (n.) The act of rendering sanitary; the science of sanitary conditions; the preservation of health; the use of sanitary measures; hygiene.

Sanity (n.) The condition or quality of being sane; soundness of health of body or mind, especially of the mind; saneness.

Sanjak (n.) A district or a subvision of a vilayet.

Sankha (n.) A chank shell (Turbinella pyrum); also, a shell bracelet or necklace made in India from the chank shell.

Sankhya (n.) A Hindoo system of philosophy which refers all things to soul and a rootless germ called prakriti, consisting of three elements, goodness, passion, and darkness.

Sannop (n.) Same as Sannup.

Sannup (n.) A male Indian; a brave; -- correlative of squaw.

Sanny (n.) The sandpiper.

Sanscrit (n.) See Sanskrit.

Sans-culotte (n.) A fellow without breeches; a ragged fellow; -- a name of reproach given in the first French revolution to the extreme republican party, who rejected breeches as an emblem peculiar to the upper classes or aristocracy, and adopted pantaloons.

Sans-culotte (n.) Hence, an extreme or radical republican; a violent revolutionist; a Jacobin.

Sans-culottism (n.) Extreme republican principles; the principles or practice of the sans-culottes.

Sanskrit (n.) The ancient language of the Hindoos, long since obsolete in vernacular use, but preserved to the present day as the literary and sacred dialect of India. It is nearly allied to the Persian, and to the principal languages of Europe, classical and modern, and by its more perfect preservation of the roots and forms of the primitive language from which they are all descended, is a most important assistance in determining their history and relations. Cf. Prakrit, and Veda.

Sanskritist (n.) One versed in Sanskrit.

Santal (n.) A colorless crystal

Santalin (n.) Santalic acid. See Santalic.

Santalum (n.) A genus of trees with entire opposite leaves and small apetalous flowers. There are less than a dozen species, occurring from India to Australia and the Pacific Islands. See Sandalwood.

Santon (n.) A Turkish saint; a kind of dervish, regarded by the people as a saint: also, a hermit.

Santonate (n.) A salt of santonic acid.

Santonin (n.) A white crystal

Santoninate (n.) A salt of santoninic acid.

Sao (n.) Any marine annelid of the genus Hyalinaecia, especially H. tubicola of Europe, which inhabits a transparent movable tube resembling a quill in color and texture.

Sap (n.) The juice of plants of any kind, especially the ascending and descending juices or circulating fluid essential to nutrition.

Sap (n.) The sapwood, or alburnum, of a tree.

Sap (n.) A simpleton; a saphead; a milksop.

Sap (n.) A narrow ditch or trench made from the foremost parallel toward the glacis or covert way of a besieged place by digging under cover of gabions, etc.

Sapadillo (n.) See Sapodila.

Sapajo (n.) The sapajou.

Sapajou (n.) Any one of several species of South American monkeys of the genus Cebus, having long and prehensile tails. Some of the species are called also capuchins. The bonnet sapajou (C. subcristatus), the golden-handed sapajou (C. chrysopus), and the white-throated sapajou (C. hypoleucus) are well known species. See Capuchin.

Saphead (n.) A weak-minded, stupid fellow; a milksop.

Sapidity (n.) The quality or state of being sapid; taste; savor; savoriness.

Sapidness (n.) Quality of being sapid; sapidity.

Sapience (n.) The quality of being sapient; wisdom; sageness; knowledge.

Sapindus (n.) A genus of tropical and subtropical trees with pinnate leaves and panicled flowers. The fruits of some species are used instead of soap, and their round black seeds are made into necklaces.

sapling (n.) A young tree.

Sapodilla (n.) A tall, evergeen, tropical American tree (Achras Sapota); also, its edible fruit, the sapodilla plum.

Sapogenin (n.) A white crystal

Saponacity (n.) The quality or state of being saponaceous.

Saponification (n.) The act, process, or result, of soap making; conversion into soap; specifically (Chem.), the decomposition of fats and other ethereal salts by alkalies; as, the saponification of ethyl acetate.

Saponifier (n.) That which saponifies; any reagent used to cause saponification.

Saponin (n.) A poisonous glucoside found in many plants, as in the root of soapwort (Saponaria), in the bark of soap bark (Quillaia), etc. It is extracted as a white amorphous powder, which occasions a soapy lather in solution, and produces a local anaesthesia. Formerly called also struthiin, quillaiin, senegin, polygalic acid, etc. By extension, any one of a group of related bodies of which saponin proper is the type.

Saponite (n.) A hydrous silicate of magnesia and alumina. It occurs in soft, soapy, amorphous masses, filling veins in serpentine and cavities in trap rock.

Saponul (n.) A soapy mixture obtained by treating an essential oil with an alkali; hence, any similar compound of an essential oil.

Sapor (n.) Power of affecting the organs of taste; savor; flavor; taste.

Saporosity (n.) The quality of a body by which it excites the sensation of taste.

Sapota (n.) The sapodilla.

Sappare (n.) Kyanite.

Sapper (n.) One who saps; specifically (Mil.), one who is employed in working at saps, building and repairing fortifications, and the like.

Sapphic (n.) A Sapphic verse.

Sapphire (n.) Native alumina or aluminium sesquioxide, Al2O3; corundum; esp., the blue transparent variety of corundum, highly prized as a gem.

Sapphire (n.) The color of the gem; bright blue.

Sapphire (n.) Any humming bird of the genus Hylocharis, native of South America. The throat and breast are usually bright blue.

Sapphirine (n.) Resembling sapphire; made of sapphire; having the color, or any quality of sapphire.

Sappho (n.) Any one of several species of brilliant South American humming birds of the genus Sappho, having very bright-colored and deeply forked tails; -- called also firetail.

Sappiness (n.) The quality of being sappy; juiciness.

Sappodilla (n.) See Sapodilla.

Saprophagan (n.) One of a tribe of beetles which feed upon decaying animal and vegetable substances; a carrion beetle.

Saprophyte (n.) Any plant growing on decayed animal or vegetable matter, as most fungi and some flowering plants with no green color, as the Indian pipe.

Sapsago (n.) A kind of Swiss cheese, of a greenish color, flavored with melilot.

Sapskull (n.) A saphead.

Sapucaia (n.) A Brazilian tree. See Lecythis, and Monkey-pot.

Sapwood (n.) The alburnum, or part of the wood of any exogenous tree next to the bark, being that portion of the tree through which the sap flows most freely; -- distinguished from heartwood.

Sarabaite (n.) One of certain vagrant or heretical Oriental monks in the early church.

Saraband (n.) A slow Spanish dance of Saracenic origin, to an air in triple time; also, the air itself.

Saracen (n.) Anciently, an Arab; later, a Mussulman; in the Middle Ages, the common term among Christians in Europe for a Mohammedan hostile to the crusaders.

Sarasin (n.) See Sarrasin.

Saraswati (n.) The sakti or wife of Brahma; the Hindoo goddess of learning, music, and poetry.

Sarcasm (n.) A keen, reproachful expression; a satirical remark uttered with some degree of scorn or contempt; a taunt; a gibe; a cutting jest.

Sarcel (n.) One of the outer pinions or feathers of the wing of a bird, esp. of a hawk.

Sarcelle (n.) The old squaw, or long-tailed duck.

Sarcenet (n.) A species of fine thin silk fabric, used for linings, etc.

Sarcin (n.) Same as Hypoxanthin.

Sarcina (n.) A genus of bacteria found in various organic fluids, especially in those those of the stomach, associated with certain diseases. The individual organisms undergo division along two perpendicular partitions, so that multiplication takes place in two directions, giving groups of four cubical cells. Also used adjectively; as, a sarcina micrococcus; a sarcina group.

Sarcobasis (n.) A fruit consisting of many dry indehiscent cells, which contain but few seeds and cohere about a common style, as in the mallows.

Sarcoblast (n.) A minute yellowish body present in the interior of certain rhizopods.

Sarcocarp (n.) The fleshy part of a stone fruit, situated between the skin, or epicarp, and the stone, or endocarp, as in a peach. See Illust. of Endocarp.

Sarcocele (n.) Any solid tumor of the testicle.

Sarcocol (n.) Alt. of Sarcocolla

Sarcocolla (n.) A gum resin obtained from certain shrubs of Africa (Penaea), -- formerly thought to cause healing of wounds and ulcers.

Sarcode (n.) A name applied by Dujardin in 1835 to the gelatinous material forming the bodies of the lowest animals; protoplasm.

Sarcoderm (n.) Alt. of sarcoderma

sarcoderma (n.) A fleshy covering of a seed, lying between the external and internal integuments.

sarcoderma (n.) A sarcocarp.

Sarcolemma (n.) The very thin transparent and apparently homogeneous sheath which incloses a striated muscular fiber; the myolemma.

Sarcology (n.) That part of anatomy which treats of the soft parts. It includes myology, angiology, neurology, and splanchnology.

Sarcoma (n.) A tumor of fleshy consistence; -- formerly applied to many varieties of tumor, now restricted to a variety of malignant growth made up of cells resembling those of fetal development without any proper intercellular substance.

Sarcophaga (n.) A genus of Diptera, including the flesh flies.

Sarcophagan (n.) Any animal which eats flesh, especially any carnivorous marsupial.

Sarcophagan (n.) Any fly of the genus Sarcophaga.

Sarcophagus (n.) A species of limestone used among the Greeks for making coffins, which was so called because it consumed within a few weeks the flesh of bodies deposited in it. It is otherwise called lapis Assius, or Assian stone, and is said to have been found at Assos, a city of Lycia.

Sarcophagus (n.) A coffin or chest-shaped tomb of the kind of stone described above; hence, any stone coffin.

Sarcophagus (n.) A stone shaped like a sarcophagus and placed by a grave as a memorial.

Sarcophagy (n.) The practice of eating flesh.

Sarcophile (n.) A flesh-eating animal, especially any one of the carnivorous marsupials.

Sarcoptes (n.) A genus of parasitic mites including the itch mites.

Sarcoptid (n.) Any species of the genus Sarcoptes and related genera of mites, comprising the itch mites and mange mites.

Sarcoseptum (n.) One of the mesenteries of an anthozoan.

Sarcosin (n.) A crystal

Sarcosis (n.) Abnormal formation of flesh.

Sarcosis (n.) Sarcoma.

Sarcotic (n.) A sarcotic medicine.

Sarculation (n.) A weeding, as with a hoe or a rake.

Sard (n.) A variety of carnelian, of a rich reddish yellow or brownish red color. See the Note under Chalcedony.

Sardachate (n.) A variety of agate containing sard.

Sardan (n.) Alt. of Sardel

Sardel (n.) A sardine.

Sardel (n.) A precious stone. See Sardius.

Sardine (n.) Any one of several small species of herring which are commonly preserved in olive oil for food, especially the pilchard, or European sardine (Clupea pilchardus). The California sardine (Clupea sagax) is similar. The American sardines of the Atlantic coast are mostly the young of the common herring and of the menhaden.

Sardine (n.) See Sardius.

Sardinian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Sardinia.

Sardius (n.) A precious stone, probably a carnelian, one of which was set in Aaron's breastplate.

Sardoin (n.) Sard; carnelian.

Sardonyx (n.) A variety of onyx consisting of sard and white chalcedony in alternate layers.

Saree (n.) The principal garment of a Hindoo woman. It consists of a long piece of cloth, which is wrapped round the middle of the body, a portion being arranged to hang down in front, and the remainder passed across the bosom over the left shoulder.

Sargasso (n.) The gulf weed. See under Gulf.

Sargassum (n.) A genus of algae including the gulf weed.

Sargo (n.) Any one of several species of sparoid fishes belonging to Sargus, Pomadasys, and related genera; -- called also sar, and saragu.

Sari (n.) Same as Saree.

Sarigue (n.) A small South American opossum (Didelphys opossum), having four white spots on the face.

Sark (n.) A shirt.

Sarkin (n.) Same as Hypoxanthin.

Sarking (n.) Thin boards for sheathing, as above the rafters, and under the shingles or slates, and for similar purposes.

Sarlac (n.) Alt. of Sarlyk

Sarlyk (n.) The yak.

Sarment (n.) A prostrate filiform stem or runner, as of the strawberry. See Runner.

Sarn (n.) A pavement or stepping-stone.

Sarong (n.) A sort of petticoat worn by both sexes in Java and the Malay Archipelago.

Saros (n.) A Chaldean astronomical period or cycle, the length of which has been variously estimated from 3,600 years to 3,600 days, or a little short of 10 years.

Sarplar (n.) A large bale or package of wool, containing eighty tods, or 2,240 pounds, in weight.

Sarplier (n.) A coarse cloth made of hemp, and used for packing goods, etc.

Sarpo (n.) A large toadfish of the Southern United States and the Gulf of Mexico (Batrachus tau, var. pardus).

Sarracenia (n.) A genus of American perennial herbs growing in bogs; the American pitcher plant.

Sarrasin (n.) Alt. of Sarrasine

Sarrasine (n.) A portcullis, or herse.

Sarsa (n.) Sarsaparilla.

Sarsaparilla (n.) Any plant of several tropical American species of Smilax.

Sarsaparilla (n.) The bitter mucilaginous roots of such plants, used in medicine and in sirups for soda, etc.

Sarsaparillin (n.) See Parillin.

Sarse (n.) A fine sieve; a searce.

Sarsen (n.) One of the large sandstone blocks scattered over the English chalk downs; -- called also sarsen stone, and Druid stone.

Sarsenet (n.) See Sarcenet.

Sart (n.) An assart, or clearing.

Sartorius (n.) A muscle of the thigh, called the tailor's muscle, which arises from the hip bone and is inserted just below the knee. So named because its contraction was supposed to produce the position of the legs assumed by the tailor in sitting.

Sash (n.) A scarf or band worn about the waist, over the shoulder, or otherwise; a belt; a girdle, -- worn by women and children as an ornament; also worn as a badge of distinction by military officers, members of societies, etc.

Sash (n.) The framing in which the panes of glass are set in a glazed window or door, including the narrow bars between the panes.

Sash (n.) In a sawmill, the rectangular frame in which the saw is strained and by which it is carried up and down with a reciprocating motion; -- also called gate.

Sashery (n.) A collection of sashes; ornamentation by means of sashes.

Sashoon (n.) A kind of pad worn on the leg under the boot.

Sasin (n.) The Indian antelope (Antilope bezoartica, / cervicapra), noted for its beauty and swiftness. It has long, spiral, divergent horns.

Sassaby (n.) Alt. of Sassabye

Sassabye (n.) A large African antelope (Alcelaphus lunata), similar to the hartbeest, but having its horns regularly curved.

Sassafras (n.) An American tree of the Laurel family (Sassafras officinale); also, the bark of the roots, which has an aromatic smell and taste.

Sassanage (n.) Stones left after sifting.

Sassarara (n.) A word used to emphasize a statement.

Sasse (n.) A sluice or lock, as in a river, to make it more navigable.

Sassenach (n.) A Saxon; an Englishman; a Lowlander.

Sassolin (n.) Alt. of Sasso

Sasso

Sassorol (n.) Alt. of Sassorolla

Sassorolla (n.) The rock pigeon. See under Pigeon.

Sastra (n.) Same as Shaster.

Satan (n.) The grand adversary of man; the Devil, or Prince of darkness; the chief of the fallen angels; the archfiend.

Satanism (n.) The evil and malicious disposition of Satan; a diabolical spirit.

Satanist (n.) A very wicked person.

Satanophany (n.) An incarnation of Satan; a being possessed by a demon.

Satchel (n.) A little sack or bag for carrying papers, books, or small articles of wearing apparel; a hand bag.

Sateen (n.) A kind of dress goods made of cotton or woolen, with a glossy surface resembling satin.

Satellite (n.) An attendant attached to a prince or other powerful person; hence, an obsequious dependent.

Satellite (n.) A secondary planet which revolves about another planet; as, the moon is a satellite of the earth. See Solar system, under Solar.

Sathanas (n.) Satan.

Satiation (n.) Satiety.

Satiety (n.) The state of being satiated or glutted; fullness of gratification, either of the appetite or of any sensual desire; fullness beyond desire; an excess of gratification which excites wearisomeness or loathing; repletion; satiation.

Satin (n.) A silk cloth, of a thick, close texture, and overshot woof, which has a glossy surface.

Satinet (n.) A thin kind of satin.

Satinet (n.) A kind of cloth made of cotton warp and woolen filling, used chiefly for trousers.

Satinwood (n.) The hard, lemon-colored, fragrant wood of an East Indian tree (Chloroxylon Swietenia). It takes a lustrous finish, and is used in cabinetwork. The name is also given to the wood of a species of prickly ash (Xanthoxylum Caribaeum) growing in Florida and the West Indies.

Sation (n.) A sowing or planting.

Satirist (n.) One who satirizes; especially, one who writes satire.

Satisfaction (n.) The act of satisfying, or the state of being satisfied; gratification of desire; contentment in possession and enjoyment; repose of mind resulting from compliance with its desires or demands.

Satisfaction (n.) Settlement of a claim, due, or demand; payment; indemnification; adequate compensation.

Satisfaction (n.) That which satisfies or gratifies; atonement.

Satisfier (n.) One who satisfies.

Satrap (n.) The governor of a province in ancient Persia; hence, a petty autocrat despot.

Satrapess (n.) A female satrap.

Satrapy (n.) The government or jurisdiction of a satrap; a principality.

Saturant (n.) A substance used to neutralize or saturate the affinity of another substance.

Saturant (n.) An antacid, as magnesia, used to correct acidity of the stomach.

Saturation (n.) The act of saturating, or the state of being saturating; complete penetration or impregnation.

Saturation (n.) The act, process, or result of saturating a substance, or of combining it to its fullest extent.

Saturation (n.) Freedom from mixture or dilution with white; purity; -- said of colors.

Saturator (n.) One who, or that which, saturates.

Saturday (n.) The seventh or last day of the week; the day following Friday and preceding Sunday.

Saturity (n.) The state of being saturated; fullness of supply.

Saturn (n.) One of the elder and principal deities, the son of Coelus and Terra (Heaven and Earth), and the father of Jupiter. The corresponding Greek divinity was Kro`nos, later CHro`nos, Time.

Saturn (n.) One of the planets of the solar system, next in magnitude to Jupiter, but more remote from the sun. Its diameter is seventy thousand miles, its mean distance from the sun nearly eight hundred and eighty millions of miles, and its year, or periodical revolution round the sun, nearly twenty-nine years and a half. It is surrounded by a remarkable system of rings, and has eight satellites.

Saturn (n.) The metal lead.

Saturnian (n.) Any one of numerous species of large handsome moths belonging to Saturnia and allied genera. The luna moth, polyphemus, and promethea, are examples. They belong to the Silkworn family, and some are raised for their silk. See Polyphemus.

Saturnism (n.) Plumbism.

Saturnist (n.) A person of a dull, grave, gloomy temperament.

Satyr (n.) A sylvan deity or demigod, represented as part man and part goat, and characterized by riotous merriment and lasciviousness.

Satyr (n.) Any one of many species of butterflies belonging to the family Nymphalidae. Their colors are commonly brown and gray, often with ocelli on the wings. Called also meadow browns.

Satyr (n.) The orang-outang.

Satyriasis (n.) Immoderate venereal appetite in the male.

Satyrion (n.) Any one of several kinds of orchids.

Sauce (n.) A composition of condiments and appetizing ingredients eaten with food as a relish; especially, a dressing for meat or fish or for puddings; as, mint sauce; sweet sauce, etc.

Sauce (n.) Any garden vegetables eaten with meat.

Sauce (n.) Stewed or preserved fruit eaten with other food as a relish; as, apple sauce, cranberry sauce, etc.

Sauce (n.) Sauciness; impertinence.

Sauce (n.) A soft crayon for use in stump drawing or in shading with the stump.

Sauce-alone (n.) Jack-by-the-hedge. See under Jack.

Saucebox (n.) A saucy, impudent person; especially, a pert child.

Saucepan (n.) A small pan with a handle, in which sauce is prepared over a fire; a stewpan.

Saucer (n.) A small pan or vessel in which sauce was set on a table.

Saucer (n.) A small dish, commonly deeper than a plate, in which a cup is set at table.

Saucer (n.) Something resembling a saucer in shape.

Saucer (n.) A flat, shallow caisson for raising sunken ships.

Saucer (n.) A shallow socket for the pivot of a capstan.

Sauciness (n.) The quality or state of being saucy; that which is saucy; impertinent boldness; contempt of superiors; impudence.

Saucisson (n.) Alt. of Saucisse

Saucisse (n.) A long and slender pipe or bag, made of cloth well pitched, or of leather, filled with powder, and used to communicate fire to mines, caissons, bomb chests, etc.

Saucisse (n.) A fascine of more than ordinary length.

Sauerkraut (n.) Cabbage cut fine and allowed to ferment in a brine made of its own juice with salt, -- a German dish.

Sauger (n.) An American fresh-water food fish (Stizostedion Canadense); -- called also gray pike, blue pike, hornfish, land pike, sand pike, pickering, and pickerel.

Saul (n.) Soul.

Saul (n.) Same as Sal, the tree.

Saulie (n.) A hired mourner at a funeral.

Sault (n.) A rapid in some rivers; as, the Sault Ste. Marie.

Saunders (n.) See Sandress.

Saunders-blue (n.) A kind of color prepared from calcined lapis lazuli; ultramarine; also, a blue prepared from carbonate of copper.

Saunter (n.) A sauntering, or a sauntering place.

Saunterer (n.) One who saunters.

Saur (n.) Soil; dirt; dirty water; urine from a cowhouse.

Saurel (n.) Any carangoid fish of the genus Trachurus, especially T. trachurus, or T. saurus, of Europe and America, and T. picturatus of California. Called also skipjack, and horse mackerel.

Saurian (n.) One of the Sauria.

Sauroidichnite (n.) The fossil track of a saurian.

Saury (n.) A slender marine fish (Scomberesox saurus) of Europe and America. It has long, thin, beaklike jaws. Called also billfish, gowdnook, gawnook, skipper, skipjack, skopster, lizard fish, and Egypt herring.

Sausage (n.) An article of food consisting of meat (esp. pork) minced and highly seasoned, and inclosed in a cylindrical case or skin usually made of the prepared intestine of some animal.

Sausage (n.) A saucisson. See Saucisson.

Saussurite (n.) A tough, compact mineral, of a white, greenish, or grayish color. It is near zoisite in composition, and in part, at least, has been produced by the alteration of feldspar.

Saut (n.) Alt. of Saute

Saute (n.) An assault.

Sauter (n.) Psalter.

Sauterelle (n.) An instrument used by masons and others to trace and form angles.

Sauterne (n.) A white wine made in the district of Sauterne, France.

Sautrie (n.) Psaltery.

Sauvegarde (n.) The monitor.

Savableness (n.) Capability of being saved.

Savacioun (n.) Salvation.

Savage (n.) A human being in his native state of rudeness; one who is untaught, uncivilized, or without cultivation of mind or manners.

Savage (n.) A man of extreme, unfeeling, brutal cruelty; a barbarian.

Savageness (n.) The state or quality of being savage.

Savagery (n.) The state of being savage; savageness; savagism.

Savagery (n.) An act of cruelty; barbarity.

Savagery (n.) Wild growth, as of plants.

Savagism (n.) The state of being savage; the state of rude, uncivilized men, or of men in their native wildness and rudeness.

Savanilla (n.) The tarpum.

Savanna (n.) A tract of level land covered with the vegetable growth usually found in a damp soil and warm climate, -- as grass or reeds, -- but destitute of trees.

Save (n.) The herb sage, or salvia.

Save-all (n.) Anything which saves fragments, or prevents waste or loss.

Save-all (n.) A device in a candlestick to hold the ends of candles, so that they be burned.

Save-all (n.) A small sail sometimes set under the foot of another sail, to catch the wind that would pass under it.

Saveloy (n.) A kind of dried sausage.

Savement (n.) The act of saving.

Saver (n.) One who saves.

Savin (n.) Alt. of Savine

Savine (n.) A coniferous shrub (Juniperus Sabina) of Western Asia, occasionally found also in the northern parts of the United States and in British America. It is a compact bush, with dark-colored foliage, and produces small berries having a glaucous bloom. Its bitter, acrid tops are sometimes used in medicine for gout, amenorrhoea, etc.

Savine (n.) The North American red cedar (Juniperus Virginiana.)

Saving (n.) Something kept from being expended or lost; that which is saved or laid up; as, the savings of years of economy.

Saving (n.) Exception; reservation.

Savingness (n.) The quality of being saving; carefulness not to expend money uselessly; frugality; parsimony.

Savingness (n.) Tendency to promote salvation.

Savioress (n.) A female savior.

Savor (n.) To have a particular smell or taste; -- with of.

Savor (n.) To partake of the quality or nature; to indicate the presence or influence; to smack; -- with of.

Savor (n.) To use the sense of taste.

Savoriness (n.) The quality of being savory.

Savorous (n.) Having a savor; savory.

Savory (n.) An aromatic labiate plant (Satureia hortensis), much used in cooking; -- also called summer savory.

Savoy (n.) A variety of the common cabbage (Brassica oleracea major), having curled leaves, -- much cultivated for winter use.

Savoyard (n.) A native or inhabitant of Savoy.

Saw (n.) An instrument for cutting or dividing substances, as wood, iron, etc., consisting of a thin blade, or plate, of steel, with a series of sharp teeth on the edge, which remove successive portions of the material by cutting and tearing.

Sawbelly (n.) The alewife.

Sawbill (n.) The merganser.

Sawbones (n.) A nickname for a surgeon.

Sawbuck (n.) A sawhorse.

Sawder (n.) A corrupt spelling and pronunciation of solder.

Sawdust (n.) Dust or small fragments of wood (or of stone, etc.) made by the cutting of a saw.

Sawer (n.) One who saws; a sawyer.

Sawfish (n.) Any one of several species of elasmobranch fishes of the genus Pristis. They have a sharklike form, but are more nearly allied to the rays. The flattened and much elongated snout has a row of stout toothlike structures inserted along each edge, forming a sawlike organ with which it mutilates or kills its prey.

Sawfly (n.) Any one of numerous species of hymenopterous insects belonging to the family Tenthredinidae. The female usually has an ovipositor containing a pair of sawlike organs with which she makes incisions in the leaves or stems of plants in which to lay the eggs. The larvae resemble those of Lepidoptera.

Sawhorse (n.) A kind of rack, shaped like a double St. Andrew's cross, on which sticks of wood are laid for sawing by hand; -- called also buck, and sawbuck.

Sawmill (n.) A mill for sawing, especially one for sawing timber or lumber.

Sawneb (n.) A merganser.

Saw-set (n.) An instrument used to set or turn the teeth of a saw a little sidewise, that they may make a kerf somewhat wider than the thickness of the blade, to prevent friction; -- called also saw-wrest.

Sawtooth (n.) An arctic seal (Lobodon carcinophaga), having the molars serrated; -- called also crab-eating seal.

Sawtry (n.) A psaltery.

Saw-whet (n.) A small North American owl (Nyctale Acadica), destitute of ear tufts and having feathered toes; -- called also Acadian owl.

Saw-wort (n.) Any plant of the composite genus Serratula; -- so named from the serrated leaves of most of the species.

Saw-wrest (n.) See Saw-set.

Sawyer (n.) One whose occupation is to saw timber into planks or boards, or to saw wood for fuel; a sawer.

Sawyer (n.) A tree which has fallen into a stream so that its branches project above the surface, rising and falling with a rocking or swaying motion in the current.

Sawyer (n.) The bowfin.

Sax (n.) A kind of chopping instrument for trimming the edges of roofing slates.

Saxhorn (n.) A name given to a numerous family of brass wind instruments with valves, invented by Antoine Joseph Adolphe Sax (known as Adolphe Sax), of Belgium and Paris, and much used in military bands and in orchestras.

Saxicava (n.) Any species of marine bivalve shells of the genus Saxicava. Some of the species are noted for their power of boring holes in limestone and similar rocks.

Saxicavid (n.) A saxicava.

Saxifraga (n.) A genus of exogenous polypetalous plants, embracing about one hundred and eighty species. See Saxifrage.

Saxifragant (n.) That which breaks or destroys stones.

Saxifrage (n.) Any plant of the genus Saxifraga, mostly perennial herbs growing in crevices of rocks in mountainous regions.

Saxon (n.) One of a nation or people who formerly dwelt in the northern part of Germany, and who, with other Teutonic tribes, invaded and conquered England in the fifth and sixth centuries.

Saxon (n.) Also used in the sense of Anglo-Saxon.

Saxon (n.) A native or inhabitant of modern Saxony.

Saxon (n.) The language of the Saxons; Anglo-Saxon.

Saxonism (n.) An idiom of the Saxon or Anglo-Saxon language.

Saxonist (n.) One versed in the Saxon language.

Saxonite (n.) See Mountain soap, under Mountain.

Saxophone (n.) A wind instrument of brass, containing a reed, and partaking of the qualities both of a brass instrument and of a clarinet.

Sax-tuba (n.) A powerful instrument of brass, curved somewhat like the Roman buccina, or tuba.

Say (n.) Trial by sample; assay; sample; specimen; smack.

Say (n.) Tried quality; temper; proof.

Say (n.) Essay; trial; attempt.

Say (n.) A kind of silk or satin.

Say (n.) A delicate kind of serge, or woolen cloth.

Sayer (n.) One who says; an utterer.

Sayette (n.) A mixed stuff, called also sagathy. See Sagathy.

Saying (n.) That which is said; a declaration; a statement, especially a proverbial one; an aphorism; a proverb.

Sayman (n.) One who assays.

Saymaster (n.) A master of assay; one who tries or proves.

Scab (n.) An incrustation over a sore, wound, vesicle, or pustule, formed by the drying up of the discharge from the diseased part.

Scab (n.) The itch in man; also, the scurvy.

Scab (n.) The mange, esp. when it appears on sheep.

Scab (n.) A disease of potatoes producing pits in their surface, caused by a minute fungus (Tiburcinia Scabies).

Scab (n.) A slight irregular protuberance which defaces the surface of a casting, caused by the breaking away of a part of the mold.

Scab (n.) A mean, dirty, paltry fellow.

Scab (n.) A nickname for a workman who engages for lower wages than are fixed by the trades unions; also, for one who takes the place of a workman on a strike.

Scabbard (n.) The case in which the blade of a sword, dagger, etc., is kept; a sheath.

Scabbedness (n.) Scabbiness.

Scabbiness (n.) The quality or state of being scabby.

Scabies (n.) The itch.

Scabling (n.) A fragment or chip of stone.

Scabredity (n.) Roughness; ruggedness.

Scabrousness (n.) The quality of being scabrous.

Scabwort (n.) Elecampane.

Scad (n.) A small carangoid fish (Trachurus saurus) abundant on the European coast, and less common on the American. The name is applied also to several allied species.

Scad (n.) The goggler; -- called also big-eyed scad. See Goggler.

Scad (n.) The friar skate.

Scad (n.) The cigar fish, or round robin.

Scaffold (n.) A temporary structure of timber, boards, etc., for various purposes, as for supporting workmen and materials in building, for exhibiting a spectacle upon, for holding the spectators at a show, etc.

Scaffold (n.) Specifically, a stage or elevated platform for the execution of a criminal; as, to die on the scaffold.

Scaffold (n.) An accumulation of adherent, partly fused material forming a shelf, or dome-shaped obstruction, above the tuyeres in a blast furnace.

Scaffoldage (n.) A scaffold.

Scaffolding (n.) A scaffold; a supporting framework; as, the scaffolding of the body.

Scaffolding (n.) Materials for building scaffolds.

Scaglia (n.) A reddish variety of limestone.

Scagliola (n.) An imitation of any veined and ornamental stone, as marble, formed by a substratum of finely ground gypsum mixed with glue, the surface of which, while soft, is variegated with splinters of marble, spar, granite, etc., and subsequently colored and polished.

Scala (n.) A machine formerly employed for reducing dislocations of the humerus.

Scala (n.) A term applied to any one of the three canals of the cochlea.

Scalade (n.) Alt. of Scalado

Scalado (n.) See Escalade.

Scalar (n.) In the quaternion analysis, a quantity that has magnitude, but not direction; -- distinguished from a vector, which has both magnitude and direction.

Scalaria (n.) Any one of numerous species of marine gastropods of the genus Scalaria, or family Scalaridae, having elongated spiral turreted shells, with rounded whorls, usually crossed by ribs or varices. The color is generally white or pale. Called also ladder shell, and wentletrap. See Ptenoglossa, and Wentletrap.

Scalawag (n.) A scamp; a scapegrace.

Scald (n.) A burn, or injury to the skin or flesh, by some hot liquid, or by steam.

Scald (n.) Scurf on the head. See Scall.

Scald (n.) One of the ancient Scandinavian poets and historiographers; a reciter and singer of heroic poems, eulogies, etc., among the Norsemen; more rarely, a bard of any of the ancient Teutonic tribes.

Scalder (n.) A Scandinavian poet; a scald.

Scaldfish (n.) A European flounder (Arnoglossus laterna, or Psetta arnoglossa); -- called also megrim, and smooth sole.

Scale (n.) The dish of a balance; hence, the balance itself; an instrument or machine for weighing; as, to turn the scale; -- chiefly used in the plural when applied to the whole instrument or apparatus for weighing. Also used figuratively.

Scale (n.) The sign or constellation Libra.

Scale (n.) One of the small, thin, membranous, bony or horny pieces which form the covering of many fishes and reptiles, and some mammals, belonging to the dermal part of the skeleton, or dermoskeleton. See Cycloid, Ctenoid, and Ganoid.

Scale (n.) Hence, any layer or leaf of metal or other material, resembling in size and thinness the scale of a fish; as, a scale of iron, of bone, etc.

Scale (n.) One of the small scalelike structures covering parts of some invertebrates, as those on the wings of Lepidoptera and on the body of Thysanura; the elytra of certain annelids. See Lepidoptera.

Scale (n.) A scale insect. (See below.)

Scale (n.) A small appendage like a rudimentary leaf, resembling the scales of a fish in form, and often in arrangement; as, the scale of a bud, of a pine cone, and the like. The name is also given to the chaff on the stems of ferns.

Scale (n.) The thin metallic side plate of the handle of a pocketknife. See Illust. of Pocketknife.

Scale (n.) An incrustation deposit on the inside of a vessel in which water is heated, as a steam boiler.

Scale (n.) The thin oxide which forms on the surface of iron forgings. It consists essentially of the magnetic oxide, Fe3O4. Also, a similar coating upon other metals.

Scale (n.) A ladder; a series of steps; a means of ascending.

Scale (n.) Hence, anything graduated, especially when employed as a measure or rule, or marked by

Scale (n.) A mathematical instrument, consisting of a slip of wood, ivory, or metal, with one or more sets of spaces graduated and numbered on its surface, for measuring or laying off distances, etc., as in drawing, plotting, and the like. See Gunter's scale.

Scale (n.) A series of spaces marked by

Scale (n.) A basis for a numeral system; as, the decimal scale; the binary scale, etc.

Scale (n.) The graduated series of all the tones, ascending or descending, from the keynote to its octave; -- called also the gamut. It may be repeated through any number of octaves. See Chromatic scale, Diatonic scale, Major scale, and Minor scale, under Chromatic, Diatonic, Major, and Minor.

Scale (n.) Gradation; succession of ascending and descending steps and degrees; progressive series; scheme of comparative rank or order; as, a scale of being.

Scale (n.) Relative dimensions, without difference in proportion of parts; size or degree of the parts or components in any complex thing, compared with other like things; especially, the relative proportion of the

Scaleback (n.) Any one of numerous species of marine annelids of the family Polynoidae, and allies, which have two rows of scales, or elytra, along the back. See Illust. under Chaetopoda.

Scalebeam (n.) The lever or beam of a balance; the lever of a platform scale, to which the poise for weighing is applied.

Scalebeam (n.) A weighing apparatus with a sliding weight, resembling a steelyard.

Scaleboard (n.) A thin slip of wood used to justify a page.

Scaleboard (n.) A thin veneer of leaf of wood used for covering the surface of articles of furniture, and the like.

Scalene (n.) A triangle having its sides and angles unequal.

Scalenohedron (n.) A pyramidal form under the rhombohedral system, inclosed by twelve faces, each a scalene triangle.

Scaler (n.) One who, or that which, scales; specifically, a dentist's instrument for removing tartar from the teeth.

Sca

Scaliola (n.) Same as Scagliola.

Scallion (n.) A kind of small onion (Allium Ascalonicum), native of Palestine; the eschalot, or shallot.

Scallion (n.) Any onion which does not "bottom out," but remains with a thick stem like a leek.

Scallop (n.) Any one of numerous species of marine bivalve mollusks of the genus Pecten and allied genera of the family Pectinidae. The shell is usually radially ribbed, and the edge is therefore often undulated in a characteristic manner. The large adductor muscle of some the species is much used as food. One species (Vola Jacobaeus) occurs on the coast of Palestine, and its shell was formerly worn by pilgrims as a mark that they had been to the Holy Land. Called also fan shell. See Pecten>

Scallop (n.) One of series of segments of circles joined at their extremities, forming a border like the edge or surface of a scallop shell.

Scallop (n.) One of the shells of a scallop; also, a dish resembling a scallop shell.

Scallop (n.) To bake in scallop shells or dishes; to prepare with crumbs of bread or cracker, and bake. See Scalloped oysters, below.

Scalloped (n.) Baked in a scallop; cooked with crumbs.

Scalloper (n.) One who fishes for scallops.

Scalloping (n.) Fishing for scallops.

Scalp (n.) A bed of oysters or mussels.

Scalp (n.) That part of the integument of the head which is usually covered with hair.

Scalp (n.) A part of the skin of the head, with the hair attached, cut or torn off from an enemy by the Indian warriors of North America, as a token of victory.

Scalp (n.) Fig.: The top; the summit.

Scalpel (n.) A small knife with a thin, keen blade, -- used by surgeons, and in dissecting.

Scalper (n.) One who, or that which, scalps.

Scalper (n.) Same as Scalping iron, under Scalping.

Scalper (n.) A broker who, dealing on his own account, tries to get a small and quick profit from slight fluctuations of the market.

Scalper (n.) A person who buys and sells the unused parts of railroad tickets.

Scalper (n.) A person who buys tickets for entertainment or sports events and sells them at a profit, often at a much higher price. Also, ticket scalper.

Scambler (n.) 1. One who scambles.

Scambler (n.) A bold intruder upon the hospitality of others; a mealtime visitor.

Scamell (n.) Alt. of Scammel

Scammel (n.) The female bar-tailed godwit.

Scamillus (n.) A sort of second plinth or block, below the bases of Ionic and Corinthian columns, generally without moldings, and of smaller size horizontally than the pedestal.

Scammony (n.) A species of bindweed or Convolvulus (C. Scammonia).

Scammony (n.) An inspissated sap obtained from the root of the Convolvulus Scammonia, of a blackish gray color, a nauseous smell like that of old cheese, and a somewhat acrid taste. It is used in medicine as a cathartic.

Scamp (n.) A rascal; a swindler; a rogue.

Scampavia (n.) A long, low war galley used by the Neapolitans and Sicilians in the early part of the nineteenth century.

Scamper (n.) A scampering; a hasty flight.

Scamperer (n.) One who scampers.

Scandal (n.) Offense caused or experienced; reproach or reprobation called forth by what is regarded as wrong, criminal, heinous, or flagrant: opprobrium or disgrace.

Scandal (n.) Reproachful aspersion; opprobrious censure; defamatory talk, uttered heedlessly or maliciously.

Scandal (n.) Anything alleged in pleading which is impertinent, and is reproachful to any person, or which derogates from the dignity of the court, or is contrary to good manners.

Scandalousness (n.) Quality of being scandalous.

Scandia (n.) A chemical earth, the oxide of scandium.

Scandinavian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Scandinavia.

Scandium (n.) A rare metallic element of the boron group, whose existence was predicted under the provisional name ekaboron by means of the periodic law, and subsequently discovered by spectrum analysis in certain rare Scandinavian minerals (euxenite and gadolinite). It has not yet been isolated. Symbol Sc. Atomic weight 44.

Scansion (n.) The act of scanning; distinguishing the metrical feet of a verse by emphasis, pauses, or otherwise.

Scant (n.) Scantness; scarcity.

Scantiness (n.) Quality or condition of being scanty.

Scantlet (n.) A small pattern; a small quantity.

Scantness (n.) The quality or condition of being scant; narrowness; smallness; insufficiency; scantiness.

Scape (n.) A peduncle rising from the ground or from a subterranean stem, as in the stemless violets, the bloodroot, and the like.

Scape (n.) The long basal joint of the antennae of an insect.

Scape (n.) The shaft of a column.

Scape (n.) The apophyge of a shaft.

Scape (n.) An escape.

Scape (n.) Means of escape; evasion.

Scape (n.) A freak; a slip; a fault; an escapade.

Scape (n.) Loose act of vice or lewdness.

Scapegallows (n.) One who has narrowly escaped the gallows for his crimes.

Scapegoat (n.) A goat upon whose head were symbolically placed the sins of the people, after which he was suffered to escape into the wilderness.

Scapegoat (n.) Hence, a person or thing that is made to bear blame for others.

Scapegrace (n.) A graceless, unprincipled person; one who is wild and reckless.

Scape-wheel (n.) The wheel in an escapement (as of a clock or a watch) into the teeth of which the pallets play.

Scaphander (n.) The case, or impermeable apparel, in which a diver can work while under water.

Scaphism (n.) An ancient mode of punishing criminals among the Persians, by confining the victim in a trough, with his head and limbs smeared with honey or the like, and exposed to the sun and to insects until he died.

Scaphite (n.) Any fossil cephalopod shell of the genus Scaphites, belonging to the Ammonite family and having a chambered boat-shaped shell. Scaphites are found in the Cretaceous formation.

Scaphocephaly (n.) A deformed condition of the skull, in which the vault is narrow, elongated, and more or less boat-shaped.

Scaphocerite (n.) A flattened plate or scale attached to the second joint of the antennae of many Crustacea.

Scaphognathite (n.) A thin leafike appendage (the exopodite) of the second maxilla of decapod crustaceans. It serves as a pumping organ to draw the water through the gill cavity.

Scaphoid (n.) The scaphoid bone.

Scapholunar (n.) The scapholunar bone.

Scapolite (n.) A grayish white mineral occuring in tetragonal crystals and in cleavable masses. It is essentially a silicate of alumina and soda.

Scapula (n.) The principal bone of the shoulder girdle in mammals; the shoulder blade.

Scapula (n.) One of the plates from which the arms of a crinoid arise.

Scapular (n.) One of a special group of feathers which arise from each of the scapular regions and lie along the sides of the back.

Scapular (n.) Alt. of Scapulary

Scapulary (n.) A loose sleeveless vestment falling in front and behind, worn by certain religious orders and devout persons.

Scapulary (n.) The name given to two pieces of cloth worn under the ordinary garb and over the shoulders as an act of devotion.

Scapulary (n.) A bandage passing over the shoulder to support it, or to retain another bandage in place.

Scapulary (n.) Same as 2d and 3d Scapular.

Scapulet (n.) A secondary mouth fold developed at the base of each of the armlike lobes of the manubrium of many rhizostome medusae. See Illustration in Appendix.

Scapus (n.) See 1st Scape.

Scar (n.) A mark in the skin or flesh of an animal, made by a wound or ulcer, and remaining after the wound or ulcer is healed; a cicatrix; a mark left by a previous injury; a blemish; a disfigurement.

Scar (n.) A mark left upon a stem or branch by the fall of a leaf, leaflet, or frond, or upon a seed by the separation of its support. See Illust.. under Axillary.

Scar (n.) An isolated or protruding rock; a steep, rocky eminence; a bare place on the side of a mountain or steep bank of earth.

Scar (n.) A marine food fish, the scarus, or parrot fish.

Scarab (n.) Alt. of Scarabee

Scarabee (n.) Any one of numerous species of lamellicorn beetles of the genus Scarabaeus, or family Scarabaeidae, especially the sacred, or Egyptian, species (Scarabaeus sacer, and S. Egyptiorum).

Scarabee (n.) A stylized representation of a scarab beetle in stone or faience; -- a symbol of resurrection, used by the ancient Egyptians as an ornament or a talisman, and in modern times used in jewelry, usually by engraving designs on cabuchon stones. Also used attributively; as, a scarab bracelet [a bracelet containing scarabs]; a scarab [the carved stone itelf].

Scarabaeus (n.) Same as Scarab.

Scaraboid (n.) A scaraboid beetle.

Scaramouch (n.) A personage in the old Italian comedy (derived from Spain) characterized by great boastfulness and poltroonery; hence, a person of like characteristics; a buffoon.

Scarcement (n.) An offset where a wall or bank of earth, etc., retreats, leaving a shelf or footing.

Scarceness (n.) Alt. of Scarcity

Scarcity (n.) The quality or condition of being scarce; smallness of quantity in proportion to the wants or demands; deficiency; lack of plenty; short supply; penury; as, a scarcity of grain; a great scarcity of beauties.

Scard (n.) A shard or fragment.

Scare (n.) Fright; esp., sudden fright produced by a trifling cause, or originating in mistake.

Scarecrow (n.) Anything set up to frighten crows or other birds from cornfields; hence, anything terifying without danger.

Scarecrow (n.) A person clad in rags and tatters.

Scarecrow (n.) The black tern.

Scarefire (n.) An alarm of fire.

Scarefire (n.) A fire causing alarm.

Scarf (n.) A cormorant.

Scarf (n.) An article of dress of a light and decorative character, worn loosely over the shoulders or about the neck or the waist; a light shawl or handkerchief for the neck; also, a cravat; a neckcloth.

Scarf (n.) In a piece which is to be united to another by a scarf joint, the part of the end or edge that is tapered off, rabbeted, or notched so as to be thinner than the rest of the piece.

Scarf (n.) A scarf joint.

Scarfskin (n.) See Epidermis.

Scarification (n.) The act of scarifying.

Scarificator (n.) An instrument, principally used in cupping, containing several lancets moved simultaneously by a spring, for making slight incisions.

Scarifier (n.) One who scarifies.

Scarifier (n.) The instrument used for scarifying.

Scarifier (n.) An implement for stripping and loosening the soil, without bringing up a fresh surface.

Scarlatina (n.) Scarlet fever.

Scarlet (n.) A deep bright red tinged with orange or yellow, -- of many tints and shades; a vivid or bright red color.

Scarlet (n.) Cloth of a scarlet color.

Scarmage (n.) Alt. of Scarmoge

Scarmoge (n.) A slight contest; a skirmish. See Skirmish.

Scarn (n.) Dung.

Scarp (n.) A band in the same position as the bend sinister, but only half as broad as the latter.

Scarp (n.) The slope of the ditch nearest the parapet; the escarp.

Scarp (n.) A steep descent or declivity.

Scarring (n.) A scar; a mark.

Scarus (n.) A Mediterranean food fish (Sparisoma scarus) of excellent quality and highly valued by the Romans; -- called also parrot fish.

Scary (n.) Barren land having only a thin coat of grass.

Scat (n.) Alt. of Scatt

Scatt (n.) Tribute.

Scat (n.) A shower of rain.

Scatch (n.) A kind of bit for the bridle of a horse; -- called also scatchmouth.

Scate (n.) See Skate, for the foot.

Scatter-brain (n.) A giddy or thoughtless person; one incapable of concentration or attention.

Scattergood (n.) One who wastes; a spendthrift.

Scattering (n.) Act of strewing about; something scattered.

Scatterling (n.) One who has no fixed habitation or residence; a vagabond.

Scaup (n.) A bed or stratum of shellfish; scalp.

Scaup (n.) A scaup duck. See below.

Scauper (n.) A tool with a semicircular edge, -- used by engravers to clear away the spaces between the

Scaur (n.) A precipitous bank or rock; a scar.

Scavage (n.) A toll or duty formerly exacted of merchant strangers by mayors, sheriffs, etc., for goods shown or offered for sale within their precincts.

Scazon (n.) A choliamb.

Scelerat (n.) A villain; a criminal.

Scelet (n.) A mummy; a skeleton.

Scena (n.) A scene in an opera.

Scena (n.) An accompanied dramatic recitative, interspersed with passages of melody, or followed by a full aria.

Scenario (n.) A preliminary sketch of the plot, or main incidents, of an opera.

Scenary (n.) Scenery.

Scene (n.) The structure on which a spectacle or play is exhibited; the part of a theater in which the acting is done, with its adjuncts and decorations; the stage.

Scene (n.) The decorations and fittings of a stage, representing the place in which the action is supposed to go on; one of the slides, or other devices, used to give an appearance of reality to the action of a play; as, to paint scenes; to shift the scenes; to go behind the scenes.

Scene (n.) So much of a play as passes without change of locality or time, or important change of character; hence, a subdivision of an act; a separate portion of a play, subordinate to the act, but differently determined in different plays; as, an act of four scenes.

Scene (n.) The place, time, circumstance, etc., in which anything occurs, or in which the action of a story, play, or the like, is laid; surroundings amid which anything is set before the imagination; place of occurrence, exhibition, or action.

Scene (n.) An assemblage of objects presented to the view at once; a series of actions and events exhibited in their connection; a spectacle; a show; an exhibition; a view.

Scene (n.) A landscape, or part of a landscape; scenery.

Scene (n.) An exhibition of passionate or strong feeling before others; often, an artifical or affected action, or course of action, done for effect; a theatrical display.

Sceneman (n.) The man who manages the movable scenes in a theater.

Scenery (n.) Assemblage of scenes; the paintings and hangings representing the scenes of a play; the disposition and arrangement of the scenes in which the action of a play, poem, etc., is laid; representation of place of action or occurence.

Scenery (n.) Sum of scenes or views; general aspect, as regards variety and beauty or the reverse, in a landscape; combination of natural views, as woods, hills, etc.

Sceneshifter (n.) One who moves the scenes in a theater; a sceneman.

Scenograph (n.) A perspective representation or general view of an object.

Scenography (n.) The art or act of representing a body on a perspective plane; also, a representation or description of a body, in all its dimensions, as it appears to the eye.

Scent (n.) That which, issuing from a body, affects the olfactory organs of animals; odor; smell; as, the scent of an orange, or of a rose; the scent of musk.

Scent (n.) Specifically, the odor left by an animal on the ground in passing over it; as, dogs find or lose the scent; hence, course of pursuit; track of discovery.

Scent (n.) The power of smelling; the sense of smell; as, a hound of nice scent; to divert the scent.

Scepsis (n.) Skepticism; skeptical philosophy.

Scepter (n.) Alt. of Sceptre

Sceptre (n.) A staff or baton borne by a sovereign, as a ceremonial badge or emblem of authority; a royal mace.

Sceptre (n.) Hence, royal or imperial power or authority; sovereignty; as, to assume the scepter.

Schade (n.) Shade; shadow.

Schah (n.) See Shah.

Schediasm (n.) Cursory writing on a loose sheet.

Schedule (n.) A written or printed scroll or sheet of paper; a document; especially, a formal list or inventory; a list or catalogue annexed to a larger document, as to a will, a lease, a statute, etc.

Scheelin (n.) Scheelium.

Scheelite (n.) Calcium tungstate, a mineral of a white or pale yellowish color and of the tetragonal system of crystallization.

Scheelium (n.) The metal tungsten.

Scheik (n.) See Sheik.

Schelly (n.) The powan.

Schema (n.) An out

Schematism (n.) Combination of the aspects of heavenly bodies.

Schematism (n.) Particular form or disposition of a thing; an exhibition in out

Schematist (n.) One given to forming schemes; a projector; a schemer.

Scheme (n.) A combination of things connected and adjusted by design; a system.

Scheme (n.) A plan or theory something to be done; a design; a project; as, to form a scheme.

Scheme (n.) Any

Scheme (n.) A representation of the aspects of the celestial bodies for any moment or at a given event.

Schemer (n.) One who forms schemes; a projector; esp., a plotter; an intriguer.

Schemist (n.) A schemer.

Schene (n.) An Egyptian or Persian measure of length, varying from thirty-two to sixty stadia.

Schenkbeer (n.) A mild German beer.

Scherbet (n.) See Sherbet.

Scherif (n.) See Sherif.

Scherzo (n.) A playful, humorous movement, commonly in 3-4 measure, which often takes the place of the old minuet and trio in a sonata or a symphony.

Schesis (n.) General state or disposition of the body or mind, or of one thing with regard to other things; habitude.

Schesis (n.) A figure of speech whereby the mental habitude of an adversary or opponent is feigned for the purpose of arguing against him.

Schiedam (n.) Holland gin made at Schiedam in the Netherlands.

Schiller (n.) The peculiar bronzelike luster observed in certain minerals, as hypersthene, schiller spar, etc. It is due to the presence of minute inclusions in parallel position, and is sometimes of secondary origin.

Schilerization (n.) The act or process of producing schiller in a mineral mass.

Schilling (n.) Any one of several small German and Dutch coins, worth from about one and a half cents to about five cents.

Schindylesis (n.) A form of articulation in which one bone is received into a groove or slit in another.

Schirrhus (n.) See Scirrhus.

Schism (n.) Division or separation; specifically (Eccl.), permanent division or separation in the Christian church; breach of unity among people of the same religious faith; the offense of seeking to produce division in a church without justifiable cause.

Schisma (n.) An interval equal to half a comma.

Schismatic (n.) One who creates or takes part in schism; one who separates from an established church or religious communion on account of a difference of opinion.

Schist (n.) Any crystal

Schistosity (n.) The quality or state of being schistose.

Schizocarp (n.) A dry fruit which splits at maturity into several closed one-seeded portions.

Schizocoele (n.) See Enterocoele.

Schizogenesis (n.) Reproduction by fission.

Schizognath (n.) Any bird with a schizognathous palate.

Schizognathism (n.) The condition of having a schizognathous palate.

Schizophyte (n.) One of a class of vegetable organisms, in the classification of Cohn, which includes all of the inferior forms that multiply by fission, whether they contain chlorophyll or not.

Schizopod (n.) one of the Schizopoda. Also used adjectively.

Schlich (n.) The finer portion of a crushed ore, as of gold, lead, or tin, separated by the water in certain wet processes.

Schmelze (n.) A kind of glass of a red or ruby color, made in Bohemia.

Schnapps (n.) Holland gin.

Scholar (n.) One who attends a school; one who learns of a teacher; one under the tuition of a preceptor; a pupil; a disciple; a learner; a student.

Scholar (n.) One engaged in the pursuits of learning; a learned person; one versed in any branch, or in many branches, of knowledge; a person of high literary or scientific attainments; a savant.

Scholar (n.) A man of books.

Scholar (n.) In English universities, an undergraduate who belongs to the foundation of a college, and receives support in part from its revenues.

Scholarity (n.) Scholarship.

Scholarship (n.) The character and qualities of a scholar; attainments in science or literature; erudition; learning.

Scholarship (n.) Literary education.

Scholarship (n.) Maintenance for a scholar; a foundation for the support of a student.

Scholastic (n.) One who adheres to the method or subtilties of the schools.

Scholastic (n.) See the Note under Jesuit.

Scholasticism (n.) The method or subtilties of the schools of philosophy; scholastic formality; scholastic doctrines or philosophy.

Scholiast (n.) A maker of scholia; a commentator or annotator.

Scholion (n.) A scholium.

Scholium (n.) A marginal annotation; an explanatory remark or comment; specifically, an explanatory comment on the text of a classic author by an early grammarian.

Scholium (n.) A remark or observation subjoined to a demonstration or a train of reasoning.

Scholy (n.) A scholium.

School (n.) A shoal; a multitude; as, a school of fish.

School (n.) A place for learned intercourse and instruction; an institution for learning; an educational establishment; a place for acquiring knowledge and mental training; as, the school of the prophets.

School (n.) A place of primary instruction; an establishment for the instruction of children; as, a primary school; a common school; a grammar school.

School (n.) A session of an institution of instruction.

School (n.) One of the seminaries for teaching logic, metaphysics, and theology, which were formed in the Middle Ages, and which were characterized by academical disputations and subtilties of reasoning.

School (n.) The room or hall in English universities where the examinations for degrees and honors are held.

School (n.) An assemblage of scholars; those who attend upon instruction in a school of any kind; a body of pupils.

School (n.) The disciples or followers of a teacher; those who hold a common doctrine, or accept the same teachings; a sect or denomination in philosophy, theology, science, medicine, politics, etc.

School (n.) The canons, precepts, or body of opinion or practice, sanctioned by the authority of a particular class or age; as, he was a gentleman of the old school.

School (n.) Figuratively, any means of knowledge or discip

Schoolbook (n.) A book used in schools for learning lessons.

Schoolboy (n.) A boy belonging to, or attending, a school.

Schooldame (n.) A schoolmistress.

Schoolery (n.) Something taught; precepts; schooling.

Schoolfellow (n.) One bred at the same school; an associate in school.

Schoolgirl (n.) A girl belonging to, or attending, a school.

Schoolhouse (n.) A house appropriated for the use of a school or schools, or for instruction.

Schooling (n.) Instruction in school; tuition; education in an institution of learning; act of teaching.

Schooling (n.) Discip

Schooling (n.) Compensation for instruction; price or reward paid to an instructor for teaching pupils.

Schoolma'am (n.) A schoolmistress.

Schoolmaid (n.) A schoolgirl.

Schoolman (n.) One versed in the niceties of academical disputation or of school divinity.

Schoolmaster (n.) The man who presides over and teaches a school; a male teacher of a school.

Schoolmaster (n.) One who, or that which, discip

Schoolmate (n.) A pupil who attends the same school as another.

Schoolmistress (n.) A woman who governs and teaches a school; a female school-teacher.

Schoolroom (n.) A room in which pupils are taught.

Schoolship (n.) A vessel employed as a nautical training school, in which naval apprentices receive their education at the expense of the state, and are trained for service as sailors. Also, a vessel used as a reform school to which boys are committed by the courts to be discip

School-teacher (n.) One who teaches or instructs a school.

Schooner (n.) Originally, a small, sharp-built vessel, with two masts and fore-and-aft rig. Sometimes it carried square topsails on one or both masts and was called a topsail schooner. About 1840, longer vessels with three masts, fore-and-aft rigged, came into use, and since that time vessels with four masts and even with six masts, so rigged, are built. Schooners with more than two masts are designated three-masted schooners, four-masted schooners, etc. See Illustration in Appendix.

Schooner (n.) A large goblet or drinking glass, -- used for lager beer or ale.

Schorl (n.) Black tourma

Schottish (n.) Alt. of Schottische

Schottische (n.) A Scotch round dance in 2-4 time, similar to the polka, only slower; also, the music for such a dance; -- not to be confounded with the Ecossaise.

Schreibersite (n.) A mineral occurring in steel-gray flexible folia. It contains iron, nickel, and phosphorus, and is found only in meteoric iron.

Schrode (n.) See Scrod.

Schwanpan (n.) Chinese abacus.

Schweitzerkase (n.) Gruyere cheese.

Schwenkfelder (n.) Alt. of Schwenkfeldian

Schwenkfeldian (n.) A member of a religious sect founded by Kaspar von Schwenkfeld, a Silesian reformer who disagreed with Luther, especially on the deification of the body of Christ.

Sciagraph (n.) An old term for a vertical section of a building; -- called also sciagraphy. See Vertical section, under Section.

Sciagraph (n.) A radiograph.

Sciagraphy (n.) The art or science of projecting or de

Sciagraphy (n.) Same as Sciagraph.

Sciamachy (n.) See Sciomachy.

Sciatic (n.) Sciatica.

Sciatica (n.) Neuralgia of the sciatic nerve, an affection characterized by paroxysmal attacks of pain in the buttock, back of the thigh, or in the leg or foot, following the course of the branches of the sciatic nerve. The name is also popularly applied to various painful affections of the hip and the parts adjoining it. See Ischiadic passion, under Ischiadic.

Scibboleth (n.) Shibboleth.

Science (n.) Knowledge; knowledge of principles and causes; ascertained truth of facts.

Science (n.) Accumulated and established knowledge, which has been systematized and formulated with reference to the discovery of general truths or the operation of general laws; knowledge classified and made available in work, life, or the search for truth; comprehensive, profound, or philosophical knowledge.

Science (n.) Especially, such knowledge when it relates to the physical world and its phenomena, the nature, constitution, and forces of matter, the qualities and functions of living tissues, etc.; -- called also natural science, and physical science.

Science (n.) Any branch or department of systematized knowledge considered as a distinct field of investigation or object of study; as, the science of astronomy, of chemistry, or of mind.

Science (n.) Art, skill, or expertness, regarded as the result of knowledge of laws and principles.

Scientist (n.) One learned in science; a scientific investigator; one devoted to scientific study; a savant.

Scillain (n.) A glucoside extracted from squill (Scilla) as a light porous substance.

Scillitin (n.) A bitter principle extracted from the bulbs of the squill (Scilla), and probably consisting of a complex mixture of several substances.

Scimiter (n.) Alt. of Scimitar

Scimitar (n.) A saber with a much curved blade having the edge on the convex side, -- in use among Mohammedans, esp., the Arabs and persians.

Scimitar (n.) A long-handled billhook. See Billhook.

Scincoid (n.) A scincoidian.

Scincoidian (n.) Any one of numerous species of lizards of the family Scincidae or tribe Scincoidea. The tongue is not extensile. The body and tail are covered with overlapping scales, and the toes are margined. See Illust. under Skink.

Sciniph (n.) Some kind of stinging or biting insect, as a flea, a gnat, a sandfly, or the like.

Scink (n.) A skink.

Scink (n.) A slunk calf.

Scintilla (n.) A spark; the least particle; an iota; a tittle.

Scintillation (n.) The act of scintillating.

Scintillation (n.) A spark or flash emitted in scintillating.

Sciography (n.) See Sciagraphy.

Sciolism (n.) The knowledge of a sciolist; superficial knowledge.

Sciolist (n.) One who knows many things superficially; a pretender to science; a smatterer.

Sciomachy (n.) A fighting with a shadow; a mock contest; an imaginary or futile combat.

Sciomancy (n.) Divination by means of shadows.

Scion (n.) A shoot or sprout of a plant; a sucker.

Scion (n.) A piece of a slender branch or twig cut for grafting.

Scion (n.) Hence, a descendant; an heir; as, a scion of a royal stock.

Sciopticon (n.) A kind of magic lantern.

Scioptics (n.) The art or process of exhibiting luminous images, especially those of external objects, in a darkened room, by arrangements of lenses or mirrors.

Sciot (n.) A native or inhabitant of Scio.

Scirrhosity (n.) A morbid induration, as of a gland; state of being scirrhous.

Scirrhus (n.) An indurated organ or part; especially, an indurated gland.

Scirrhus (n.) A cancerous tumor which is hard, translucent, of a gray or bluish color, and emits a creaking sound when incised.

Sciscitation (n.) The act of inquiring; inquiry; demand.

Scissel (n.) The clippings of metals made in various mechanical operations.

Scissel (n.) The slips or plates of metal out of which circular blanks have been cut for the purpose of coinage.

Scissil (n.) See Scissel.

Scission (n.) The act of dividing with an instrument having a sharp edge.

Scissiparity (n.) Reproduction by fission.

Scissorsbill (n.) See Skimmer.

Scissorstail (n.) A tyrant flycatcher (Milvulus forficatus) of the Southern United States and Mexico, which has a deeply forked tail. It is light gray above, white beneath, salmon on the flanks, and fiery red at the base of the crown feathers.

Scissure (n.) A longitudinal opening in a body, made by cutting; a cleft; a fissure.

Sciurine (n.) A rodent of the Squirrel family.

Sciurus (n.) A genus of rodents comprising the common squirrels.

Sclaundre (n.) Slander.

Sclav (n.) Alt. of Sclave

Sclave (n.) Same as Slav.

Sclavism (n.) Same as Slavism.

Scleragogy (n.) Severe discip

Sclerema (n.) Induration of the cellular tissue.

Sclerenchyma (n.) Vegetable tissue composed of short cells with thickened or hardened walls, as in nutshells and the gritty parts of a pear. See Sclerotic.

Sclerenchyma (n.) The hard calcareous deposit in the tissues of Anthozoa, constituting the stony corals.

Sclerenchyme (n.) Sclerenchyma.

Scleriasis (n.) A morbid induration of the edge of the eyelid.

Scleriasis (n.) Induration of any part, including scleroderma.

Sclerite (n.) A hard chitinous or calcareous process or corpuscle, especially a spicule of the Alcyonaria.

Scleritis (n.) See Sclerotitis.

Sclerobase (n.) The calcareous or hornlike coral forming the central stem or axis of most compound alcyonarians; -- called also foot secretion. See Illust. under Gorgoniacea, and Coenenchyma.

Scleroderm (n.) One of a tribe of plectognath fishes (Sclerodermi) having the skin covered with hard scales, or plates, as the cowfish and the trunkfish.

Scleroderm (n.) One of the Sclerodermata.

Scleroderm (n.) Hardened, or bony, integument of various animals.

Scleroderma (n.) A disease of adults, characterized by a diffuse rigidity and hardness of the skin.

Sclerodermite (n.) The hard integument of Crustacea.

Sclerodermite (n.) Sclerenchyma.

Sclerogen (n.) The thickening matter of woody cells; lignin.

Scleroma (n.) Induration of the tissues. See Sclerema, Scleroderma, and Sclerosis.

Sclerometer (n.) An instrument for determining with accuracy the degree of hardness of a mineral.

Sclerosis (n.) Induration; hardening; especially, that form of induration produced in an organ by increase of its interstitial connective tissue.

Sclerosis (n.) Hardening of the cell wall by lignification.

Scleroskeleton (n.) That part of the skeleton which is developed in tendons, ligaments, and aponeuroses.

Sclerotal (n.) The optic capsule; the sclerotic coat of the eye.

Sclerotic (n.) The sclerotic coat of the eye. See Illust. of Eye (d).

Sclerotitis (n.) Inflammation of the sclerotic coat.

Sclerotium (n.) A hardened body formed by certain fungi, as by the Claviceps purpurea, which produces ergot.

Sclerotium (n.) The mature or resting stage of a plasmodium.

Sclerotome (n.) One of the bony, cartilaginous, or membranous partitions which separate the myotomes.

Scobby (n.) The chaffinch.

Scoff (n.) Derision; ridicule; mockery; derisive or mocking expression of scorn, contempt, or reproach.

Scoff (n.) An object of scorn, mockery, or derision.

Scoff (n.) To show insolent ridicule or mockery; to manifest contempt by derisive acts or language; -- often with at.

Scoffer (n.) One who scoffs.

Scoffery (n.) The act of scoffing; scoffing conduct; mockery.

Scoke (n.) Poke (Phytolacca decandra).

Scold (n.) One who scolds, or makes a practice of scolding; esp., a rude, clamorous woman; a shrew.

Scold (n.) A scolding; a brawl.

Scolder (n.) One who scolds.

Scolder (n.) The oyster catcher; -- so called from its shrill cries.

Scolder (n.) The old squaw.

Scole (n.) School.

Scolecite (n.) A zeolitic mineral occuring in delicate radiating groups of white crystals. It is a hydrous silicate of alumina and lime. Called also lime mesotype.

Scolex (n.) The embryo produced directly from the egg in a metagenetic series, especially the larva of a tapeworm or other parasitic worm. See Illust. of Echinococcus.

Scolex (n.) One of the Scolecida.

Scoliosis (n.) A lateral curvature of the spine.

Scolithus (n.) A tubular structure found in Potsdam sandstone, and believed to be the fossil burrow of a marine worm.

Scolopendra (n.) A genus of venomous myriapods including the centipeds. See Centiped.

Scolopendra (n.) A sea fish.

Scolytid (n.) Any one of numerous species of small bark-boring beetles of the genus Scolytus and allied genera. Also used adjectively.

Scomber (n.) A genus of acanthopterygious fishes which includes the common mackerel.

Scombroid (n.) Any fish of the family Scombridae, of which the mackerel (Scomber) is the type.

Scomm (n.) A buffoon.

Scomm (n.) A flout; a jeer; a gibe; a taunt.

Sconcheon (n.) A squinch.

Scone (n.) A cake, thinner than a bannock, made of wheat or barley or oat meal.

Scoop (n.) A large ladle; a vessel with a long handle, used for dipping liquids; a utensil for bailing boats.

Scoop (n.) A deep shovel, or any similar implement for digging out and dipping or shoveling up anything; as, a flour scoop; the scoop of a dredging machine.

Scoop (n.) A spoon-shaped instrument, used in extracting certain substances or foreign bodies.

Scoop (n.) A place hollowed out; a basinlike cavity; a hollow.

Scoop (n.) A sweep; a stroke; a swoop.

Scoop (n.) The act of scooping, or taking with a scoop or ladle; a motion with a scoop, as in dipping or shoveling.

Scoop (n.) To take out or up with, a scoop; to lade out.

Scoop (n.) To empty by lading; as, to scoop a well dry.

Scoop (n.) To make hollow, as a scoop or dish; to excavate; to dig out; to form by digging or excavation.

Scooper (n.) One who, or that which, scoops.

Scooper (n.) The avocet; -- so called because it scoops up the mud to obtain food.

Scoparin (n.) A yellow gelatinous or crystal

Scope (n.) That at which one aims; the thing or end to which the mind directs its view; that which is purposed to be reached or accomplished; hence, ultimate design, aim, or purpose; intention; drift; object.

Scope (n.) Room or opportunity for free outlook or aim; space for action; amplitude of opportunity; free course or vent; liberty; range of view, intent, or action.

Scope (n.) Extended area.

Scope (n.) Length; extent; sweep; as, scope of cable.

Scopeloid (n.) Any fish of the family Scopelidae.

Scopiped (n.) Same as Scopuliped.

Scopula (n.) A peculiar brushlike organ found on the foot of spiders and used in the construction of the web.

Scopula (n.) A special tuft of hairs on the leg of a bee.

Scopuliped (n.) Any species of bee which has on the hind legs a brush of hairs used for collecting pollen, as the hive bees and bumblebees.

Scorbute (n.) Scurvy.

Scorbutus (n.) Scurvy.

Scorce (n.) Barter.

Score (n.) A notch or incision; especially, one that is made as a tally mark; hence, a mark, or

Score (n.) An account or reckoning; account of dues; bill; hence, indebtedness.

Score (n.) Account; reason; motive; sake; behalf.

Score (n.) The number twenty, as being marked off by a special score or tally; hence, in pl., a large number.

Score (n.) A distance of twenty yards; -- a term used in ancient archery and gunnery.

Score (n.) A weight of twenty pounds.

Score (n.) The number of points gained by the contestants, or either of them, in any game, as in cards or cricket.

Score (n.) A

Score (n.) The original and entire draught, or its transcript, of a composition, with the parts for all the different instruments or voices written on staves one above another, so that they can be read at a glance; -- so called from the bar, which, in its early use, was drawn through all the parts.

Score (n.) To mark with parallel

Scorer (n.) One who, or that which, scores.

Scoria (n.) The recrement of metals in fusion, or the slag rejected after the reduction of metallic ores; dross.

Scoria (n.) Cellular slaggy lava; volcanic cinders.

Scorie (n.) The young of any gull.

Scorification (n.) The act, process, or result of scorifying, or reducing to a slag; hence, the separation from earthy matter by means of a slag; as, the scorification of ores.

Scorifier (n.) One who, or that which, scorifies; specifically, a small flat bowl-shaped cup used in the first heating in assaying, to remove the earth and gangue, and to concentrate the gold and silver in a lead button.

Scorn (n.) Extreme and lofty contempt; haughty disregard; that disdain which springs from the opinion of the utter meanness and unworthiness of an object.

Scorn (n.) An act or expression of extreme contempt.

Scorn (n.) An object of extreme disdain, contempt, or derision.

Scorn (n.) To hold in extreme contempt; to reject as unworthy of regard; to despise; to contemn; to disdain.

Scorn (n.) To treat with extreme contempt; to make the object of insult; to mock; to scoff at; to deride.

Scorner (n.) One who scorns; a despiser; a contemner; specifically, a scoffer at religion.

Scorodite (n.) A leek-green or brownish mineral occurring in orthorhombic crystals. It is a hydrous arseniate of iron.

Scorpene (n.) A marine food fish of the genus Scorpaena, as the European hogfish (S. scrofa), and the California species (S. guttata).

Scorper (n.) Same as Scauper.

Scorpio (n.) A scorpion.

Scorpio (n.) The eighth sign of the zodiac, which the sun enters about the twenty-third day of October, marked thus [/] in almanacs.

Scorpio (n.) A constellation of the zodiac containing the bright star Antares. It is drawn on the celestial globe in the figure of a scorpion.

Scorpion (n.) Any one of numerous species of pulmonate arachnids of the order Scorpiones, having a suctorial mouth, large claw-bearing palpi, and a caudal sting.

Scorpion (n.) The pine or gray lizard (Sceloporus undulatus).

Scorpion (n.) The scorpene.

Scorpion (n.) A painful scourge.

Scorpion (n.) A sign and constellation. See Scorpio.

Scorpion (n.) An ancient military engine for hurling stones and other missiles.

Scorpionwort (n.) A leguminous plant (Ornithopus scorpioides) of Southern Europe, having slender curved pods.

Scorse (n.) Barter; exchange; trade.

Scot (n.) A name for a horse.

Scot (n.) A native or inhabitant of Scotland; a Scotsman, or Scotchman.

Scot (n.) A portion of money assessed or paid; a tax or contribution; a mulct; a fine; a shot.

Scotal (n.) Alt. of Scotale

Scotale (n.) The keeping of an alehouse by an officer of a forest, and drawing people to spend their money for liquor, for fear of his displeasure.

Scotch (n.) The dialect or dialects of English spoken by the people of Scotland.

Scotch (n.) Collectively, the people of Scotland.

Scotch (n.) A chock, wedge, prop, or other support, to prevent slipping; as, a scotch for a wheel or a log on inc

Scotch (n.) A slight cut or incision; a score.

Scotch-hopper (n.) Hopscotch.

Scotching (n.) Dressing stone with a pick or pointed instrument.

Scotchman (n.) A native or inhabitant of Scotland; a Scot; a Scotsman.

Scotchman (n.) A piece of wood or stiff hide placed over shrouds and other rigging to prevent chafe by the running gear.

Scoter (n.) Any one of several species of northern sea ducks of the genus Oidemia.

Scotia (n.) A concave molding used especially in classical architecture.

Scotia (n.) Scotland

Scotist (n.) A follower of (Joannes) Duns Scotus, the Franciscan scholastic (d. 1308), who maintained certain doctrines in philosophy and theology, in opposition to the Thomists, or followers of Thomas Aquinas, the Dominican scholastic.

Scotograph (n.) An instrument for writing in the dark, or without seeing.

Scotoma (n.) Scotomy.

Scotomy (n.) Dizziness with dimness of sight.

Scotomy (n.) Obscuration of the field of vision due to the appearance of a dark spot before the eye.

Scotoscope (n.) An instrument that discloses objects in the dark or in a faint light.

Scotsman (n.) See Scotchman.

Scottering (n.) The burning of a wad of pease straw at the end of harvest.

Scotticism (n.) An idiom, or mode of expression, peculiar to Scotland or Scotchmen.

Scoundrel (n.) A mean, worthless fellow; a rascal; a villain; a man without honor or virtue.

Scoundreldom (n.) The domain or sphere of scoundrels; scoundrels, collectively; the state, ideas, or practices of scoundrels.

Scoundrelism (n.) The practices or conduct of a scoundrel; baseness; rascality.

Scour (n.) Diarrhoea or dysentery among cattle.

Scourage (n.) Refuse water after scouring.

Scourer (n.) One who, or that which, scours.

Scourer (n.) A rover or footpad; a prowling robber.

Scourge (n.) A lash; a strap or cord; especially, a lash used to inflict pain or punishment; an instrument of punishment or discip

Scourge (n.) Hence, a means of inflicting punishment, vengeance, or suffering; an infliction of affliction; a punishment.

Scourge (n.) To whip severely; to lash.

Scourge (n.) To punish with severity; to chastise; to afflict, as for sins or faults, and with the purpose of correction.

Scourge (n.) To harass or afflict severely.

Scourger (n.) One who scourges or punishes; one who afflicts severely.

Scouse (n.) A sailor's dish. Bread scouse contains no meat; lobscouse contains meat, etc. See Lobscouse.

Scout (n.) A swift sailing boat.

Scout (n.) A projecting rock.

Scout (n.) A person sent out to gain and bring in tidings; especially, one employed in war to gain information of the movements and condition of an enemy.

Scout (n.) A college student's or undergraduate's servant; -- so called in Oxford, England; at Cambridge called a gyp; and at Dublin, a skip.

Scout (n.) A fielder in a game for practice.

Scout (n.) The act of scouting or reconnoitering.

Scovel (n.) A mop for sweeping ovens; a malkin.

Scow (n.) A large flat-bottomed boat, having broad, square ends.

Scowl (n.) The wrinkling of the brows or face in frowing; the expression of displeasure, sullenness, or discontent in the countenance; an angry frown.

Scowl (n.) Hence, gloom; dark or threatening aspect.

Scrabble (n.) The act of scrabbling; a moving upon the hands and knees; a scramble; also, a scribble.

Scraber (n.) The Manx shearwater.

Scraber (n.) The black guillemot.

Scrag (n.) Something thin, lean, or rough; a bony piece; especially, a bony neckpiece of meat; hence, humorously or in contempt, the neck.

Scrag (n.) A rawboned person.

Scrag (n.) A ragged, stunted tree or branch.

Scraggedness (n.) Quality or state of being scragged.

Scragginess (n.) The quality or state of being scraggy; scraggedness.

Scramble (n.) The act of scrambling, climbing on all fours, or clambering.

Scramble (n.) The act of jostling and pushing for something desired; eager and unceremonious struggle for what is thrown or held out; as, a scramble for office.

Scrambler (n.) One who scrambles; one who climbs on all fours.

Scrambler (n.) A greedy and unceremonious contestant.

Scrapbook (n.) A blank book in which extracts cut from books and papers may be pasted and kept.

Scrape (n.) The act of scraping; also, the effect of scraping, as a scratch, or a harsh sound; as, a noisy scrape on the floor; a scrape of a pen.

Scrape (n.) A drawing back of the right foot when bowing; also, a bow made with that accompaniment.

Scrape (n.) A disagreeable and embarrassing predicament out of which one can not get without undergoing, as it were, a painful rubbing or scraping; a perplexity; a difficulty.

Scrapepenny (n.) One who gathers and hoards money in trifling sums; a miser.

Scraper (n.) An instrument with which anything is scraped.

Scraper (n.) An instrument by which the soles of shoes are cleaned from mud and the like, by drawing them across it.

Scraper (n.) An instrument drawn by oxen or horses, used for scraping up earth in making or repairing roads, digging cellars, canals etc.

Scraper (n.) An instrument having two or three sharp sides or edges, for cleaning the planks, masts, or decks of a ship.

Scraper (n.) In the printing press, a board, or blade, the edge of which is made to rub over the tympan sheet and thus produce the impression.

Scraper (n.) One who scrapes.

Scraper (n.) One who plays awkwardly on a violin.

Scraper (n.) One who acquires avariciously and saves penuriously.

Scraping (n.) The act of scraping; the act or process of making even, or reducing to the proper form, by means of a scraper.

Scraping (n.) Something scraped off; that which is separated from a substance, or is collected by scraping; as, the scraping of the street.

Scrat (n.) An hermaphrodite.

Scratch (n.) A break in the surface of a thing made by scratching, or by rubbing with anything pointed or rough; a slight wound, mark, furrow, or incision.

Scratch (n.) A

Scratch (n.) Minute, but tender and troublesome, excoriations, covered with scabs, upon the heels of horses which have been used where it is very wet or muddy.

Scratch (n.) A kind of wig covering only a portion of the head.

Scratch (n.) A shot which scores by chance and not as intended by the player; a fluke.

Scratchback (n.) A toy which imitates the sound of tearing cloth, -- used by drawing it across the back of unsuspecting persons.

Scratchbrush (n.) A stiff wire brush for cleaning iron castings and other metal.

Scratcher (n.) One who, or that which, scratches; specifically (Zool.), any rasorial bird.

Scratchweed (n.) Cleavers.

Scratchwork (n.) See Scratch coat.

Scraw (n.) A turf.

Scrawl (n.) Unskillful or inelegant writing; that which is unskillfully or inelegantly written.

Scrawler (n.) One who scrawls; a hasty, awkward writer.

Scray (n.) A tern; the sea swallow.

Screak (n.) A creaking; a screech; a shriek.

Scream (n.) A sharp, shrill cry, uttered suddenly, as in terror or in pain; a shriek; a screech.

Screamer (n.) Any one of three species of South American birds constituting the family Anhimidae, and the suborder Palamedeae. They have two spines on each wing, and the head is either crested or horned. They are easily tamed, and then serve as guardians for other poultry. The crested screamers, or chajas, belong to the genus Chauna. The horned screamer, or kamichi, is Palamedea cornuta.

Scree (n.) A pebble; a stone; also, a heap of stones or rocky debris.

Screech (n.) A harsh, shrill cry, as of one in acute pain or in fright; a shriek; a scream.

Screed (n.) A strip of plaster of the thickness proposed for the coat, applied to the wall at intervals of four or five feet, as a guide.

Screed (n.) A wooden straightedge used to lay across the plaster screed, as a limit for the thickness of the coat.

Screed (n.) A fragment; a portion; a shred.

Screed (n.) A breach or rent; a breaking forth into a loud, shrill sound; as, martial screeds.

Screed (n.) An harangue; a long tirade on any subject.

Screen (n.) Anything that separates or cuts off inconvenience, injury, or danger; that which shelters or conceals from view; a shield or protection; as, a fire screen.

Screen (n.) A dwarf wall or partition carried up to a certain height for separation and protection, as in a church, to separate the aisle from the choir, or the like.

Screen (n.) A surface, as that afforded by a curtain, sheet, wall, etc., upon which an image, as a picture, is thrown by a magic lantern, solar microscope, etc.

Screen (n.) A long, coarse riddle or sieve, sometimes a revolving perforated cylinder, used to separate the coarser from the finer parts, as of coal, sand, gravel, and the like.

Screw (n.) A cylinder, or a cylindrical perforation, having a continuous rib, called the thread, winding round it spirally at a constant inclination, so as to leave a continuous spiral groove between one turn and the next, -- used chiefly for producing, when revolved, motion or pressure in the direction of its axis, by the sliding of the threads of the cylinder in the grooves between the threads of the perforation adapted to it, the former being distinguished as the external, or male screw,>

Screw (n.) Specifically, a kind of nail with a spiral thread and a head with a nick to receive the end of the screw-driver. Screws are much used to hold together pieces of wood or to fasten something; -- called also wood screws, and screw nails. See also Screw bolt, below.

Screw (n.) Anything shaped or acting like a screw; esp., a form of wheel for propelling steam vessels. It is placed at the stern, and furnished with blades having helicoidal surfaces to act against the water in the manner of a screw. See Screw propeller, below.

Screw (n.) A steam vesel propelled by a screw instead of wheels; a screw steamer; a propeller.

Screw (n.) An extortioner; a sharp bargainer; a skinflint; a niggard.

Screw (n.) An instructor who examines with great or unnecessary severity; also, a searching or strict examination of a student by an instructor.

Screw (n.) A small packet of tobacco.

Screw (n.) An unsound or worn-out horse, useful as a hack, and commonly of good appearance.

Screw (n.) A straight

Screw (n.) An amphipod crustacean; as, the skeleton screw (Caprella). See Sand screw, under Sand.

Screw-driver (n.) A tool for turning screws so as to drive them into their place. It has a thin end which enters the nick in the head of the screw.

Screwer (n.) One who, or that which, screws.

Scribbet (n.) A painter's pencil.

Scribble (n.) Hasty or careless writing; a writing of little value; a scrawl; as, a hasty scribble.

Scribblement (n.) A scribble.

Scribbler (n.) One who scribbles; a petty author; a writer of no reputation; a literary hack.

Scribbler (n.) A scribbling machine.

Scribbling (n.) The act or process of carding coarsely.

Scribbling (n.) The act of writing hastily or idly.

Scribe (n.) One who writes; a draughtsman; a writer for another; especially, an offical or public writer; an amanuensis or secretary; a notary; a copyist.

Scribe (n.) A writer and doctor of the law; one skilled in the law and traditions; one who read and explained the law to the people.

Scriber (n.) A sharp-pointed tool, used by joiners for drawing

Scribism (n.) The character and opinions of a Jewish scribe in the time of Christ.

Scrid (n.) A screed; a shred; a fragment.

Scrim (n.) A kind of light cotton or

Scrim (n.) Thin canvas glued on the inside of panels to prevent shrinking, checking, etc.

Scrimer (n.) A fencing master.

Scrimmage (n.) Formerly, a skirmish; now, a general row or confused fight or struggle.

Scrimmage (n.) The struggle in the rush

Scrimp (n.) A pinching miser; a niggard.

Scrimpness (n.) The state of being scrimp.

Scrimption (n.) A small portion; a pittance; a little bit.

Scrimshaw (n.) A shell, a whale's tooth, or the like, that is scrimshawed.

Scrine (n.) A chest, bookcase, or other place, where writings or curiosities are deposited; a shrine.

Scrip (n.) A small bag; a wallet; a satchel.

Scrip (n.) A small writing, certificate, or schedule; a piece of paper containing a writing.

Scrip (n.) A preliminary certificate of a subscription to the capital of a bank, railroad, or other company, or for a share of other joint property, or a loan, stating the amount of the subscription and the date of the payment of the installments; as, insurance scrip, consol scrip, etc. When all the installments are paid, the scrip is exchanged for a bond share certificate.

Scrip (n.) Paper fractional currency.

Scrippage (n.) The contents of a scrip, or wallet.

Script (n.) A writing; a written document.

Script (n.) Type made in imitation of handwriting.

Script (n.) An original instrument or document.

Script (n.) Written characters; style of writing.

Scriptorium (n.) In an abbey or monastery, the room set apart for writing or copying manuscripts; in general, a room devoted to writing.

Scripturalism (n.) The quality or state of being scriptural; literal adherence to the Scriptures.

Scripturalist (n.) One who adheres literally to the Scriptures.

Scripturalness (n.) Quality of being scriptural.

Scripture (n.) Anything written; a writing; a document; an inscription.

Scripture (n.) The books of the Old and the new Testament, or of either of them; the Bible; -- used by way of eminence or distinction, and chiefly in the plural.

Scripture (n.) A passage from the Bible;; a text.

Scripturian (n.) A Scripturist.

Scripturist (n.) One who is strongly attached to, or versed in, the Scriptures, or who endeavors to regulate his life by them.

Scrit (n.) Writing; document; scroll.

Scritch (n.) A screech.

Scrivener (n.) A professional writer; one whose occupation is to draw contracts or prepare writings.

Scrivener (n.) One whose business is to place money at interest; a broker.

Scrivener (n.) A writing master.

Scrobicula (n.) One of the smooth areas surrounding the tubercles of a sea urchin.

Scrod (n.) Alt. of Scrode

Scrode (n.) A young codfish, especially when cut open on the back and dressed.

Scrofula (n.) A constitutional disease, generally hereditary, especially manifested by chronic enlargement and cheesy degeneration of the lymphatic glands, particularly those of the neck, and marked by a tendency to the development of chronic intractable inflammations of the skin, mucous membrane, bones, joints, and other parts, and by a diminution in the power of resistance to disease or injury and the capacity for recovery. Scrofula is now generally held to be tuberculous in character, an>

Scrofulide (n.) Any affection of the skin dependent on scrofula.

Scrog (n.) A stunted shrub, bush, or branch.

Scroll (n.) A roll of paper or parchment; a writing formed into a roll; a schedule; a list.

Scroll (n.) An ornament formed of undulations giving off spirals or sprays, usually suggestive of plant form. Roman architectural ornament is largely of some scroll pattern.

Scroll (n.) A mark or flourish added to a person's signature, intended to represent a seal, and in some States allowed as a substitute for a seal.

Scroll (n.) Same as Skew surface. See under Skew.

Scrophularia (n.) A genus of coarse herbs having small flowers in panicled cymes; figwort.

Scrotocele (n.) A rupture or hernia in the scrotum; scrotal hernia.

Scrotum (n.) The bag or pouch which contains the testicles; the cod.

Scrow (n.) A scroll.

Scrow (n.) A clipping from skins; a currier's cuttings.

Scroyle (n.) A mean fellow; a wretch.

Scrub (n.) One who labors hard and lives meanly; a mean fellow.

Scrub (n.) Something small and mean.

Scrub (n.) A worn-out brush.

Scrub (n.) A thicket or jungle, often specified by the name of the prevailing plant; as, oak scrub, palmetto scrub, etc.

Scrub (n.) One of the common live stock of a region of no particular breed or not of pure breed, esp. when inferior in size, etc.

Scrubber (n.) One who, or that which, scrubs; esp., a brush used in scrubbing.

Scrubber (n.) A gas washer. See under Gas.

Scrubboard (n.) A baseboard; a mopboard.

Scrubstone (n.) A species of calciferous sandstone.

Scruff (n.) Scurf.

Scruff (n.) The nape of the neck; the loose outside skin, as of the back of the neck.

Scrummage (n.) See Scrimmage.

Scruple (n.) A weight of twenty grains; the third part of a dram.

Scruple (n.) Hence, a very small quantity; a particle.

Scruple (n.) Hesitation as to action from the difficulty of determining what is right or expedient; unwillingness, doubt, or hesitation proceeding from motives of conscience.

Scrupler (n.) One who scruples.

Scrupulist (n.) A scrupler.

Scrupulosity (n.) The quality or state of being scruppulous; doubt; doubtfulness respecting decision or action; caution or tenderness from the far of doing wrong or ofending; nice regard to exactness and propierty; precision.

Scrutation (n.) Search; scrutiny.

Scrutator (n.) One who scrutinizes; a close examiner or inquirer.

Scrutineer (n.) A scrutinizer; specifically, an examiner of votes, as at an election.

Scrutinizer (n.) One who scrutinizes.

Scrutiny (n.) Close examination; minute inspection; critical observation.

Scrutiny (n.) An examination of catechumens, in the last week of Lent, who were to receive baptism on Easter Day.

Scrutiny (n.) A ticket, or little paper billet, on which a vote is written.

Scrutiny (n.) An examination by a committee of the votes given at an election, for the purpose of correcting the poll.

Scrutoire (n.) A escritoire; a writing desk.

Scry (n.) A cry or shout.

Scud (n.) The act of scudding; a driving along; a rushing with precipitation.

Scud (n.) Loose, vapory clouds driven swiftly by the wind.

Scud (n.) A slight, sudden shower.

Scud (n.) A small flight of larks, or other birds, less than a flock.

Scud (n.) Any swimming amphipod crustacean.

Scudo (n.) A silver coin, and money of account, used in Italy and Sicily, varying in value, in different parts, but worth about 4 shillings sterling, or about 96 cents; also, a gold coin worth about the same.

Scudo (n.) A gold coin of Rome, worth 64 shillings 11 pence sterling, or about $ 15.70.

Scuff (n.) The back part of the neck; the scruff.

Scuffle (n.) A rough, haphazard struggle, or trial of strength; a disorderly wrestling at close quarters.

Scuffle (n.) Hence, a confused contest; a tumultuous struggle for superiority; a fight.

Scuffle (n.) A child's pinafore or bib.

Scuffle (n.) A garden hoe.

Scuffler (n.) One who scuffles.

Scuffler (n.) An agricultural implement resembling a scarifier, but usually lighter.

Scug (n.) A place of shelter; the declivity of a hill.

Scull (n.) The skull.

Scull (n.) A shoal of fish.

Scull (n.) A boat; a cockboat. See Sculler.

Scull (n.) One of a pair of short oars worked by one person.

Scull (n.) A single oar used at the stern in propelling a boat.

Scull (n.) The common skua gull.

Sculler (n.) A boat rowed by one man with two sculls, or short oars.

Sculler (n.) One who sculls.

Scullery (n.) A place where dishes, kettles, and culinary utensils, are cleaned and kept; also, a room attached to the kitchen, where the coarse work is done; a back kitchen.

Scullery (n.) Hence, refuse; filth; offal.

Scullion (n.) A scalion.

Scullion (n.) A servant who cleans pots and kettles, and does other menial services in the kitchen.

Sculpin (n.) Any one of numerous species of marine cottoid fishes of the genus Cottus, or Acanthocottus, having a large head armed with sharp spines, and a broad mouth. They are generally mottled with yellow, brown, and black. Several species are found on the Atlantic coasts of Europe and America.

Sculpin (n.) A large cottoid market fish of California (Scorpaenichthys marmoratus); -- called also bighead, cabezon, scorpion, salpa.

Sculpin (n.) The dragonet, or yellow sculpin, of Europe (Callionymus lura).

Sculptor (n.) One who sculptures; one whose occupation is to carve statues, or works of sculpture.

Sculptor (n.) Hence, an artist who designs works of sculpture, his first studies and his finished model being usually in a plastic material, from which model the marble is cut, or the bronze is cast.

Sculptress (n.) A female sculptor.

Sculpture (n.) The art of carving, cutting, or hewing wood, stone, metal, etc., into statues, ornaments, etc., or into figures, as of men, or other things; hence, the art of producing figures and groups, whether in plastic or hard materials.

Sculpture (n.) Carved work modeled of, or cut upon, wood, stone, metal, etc.

Scumber (n.) Dung.

Scumbling (n.) A mode of obtaining a softened effect, in painting and drawing, by the application of a thin layer of opaque color to the surface of a painting, or part of the surface, which is too bright in color, or which requires harmonizing.

Scumbling (n.) In crayon drawing, the use of the stump.

Scumbling (n.) The color so laid on. Also used figuratively.

Scummer (n.) Excrement; scumber.

Scummer (n.) An instrument for taking off scum; a skimmer.

Scumming (n.) The act of taking off scum.

Scumming (n.) That which is scummed off; skimmings; scum; -- used chiefly in the plural.

Scunner (n.) A feeling of disgust or loathing; a strong prejudice; abhorrence; as, to take a scunner against some one.

Scup (n.) A swing.

Scup (n.) A marine sparoid food fish (Stenotomus chrysops, or S. argyrops), common on the Atlantic coast of the United States. It appears bright silvery when swimming in the daytime, but shows broad blackish transverse bands at night and when dead. Called also porgee, paugy, porgy, scuppaug.

Scuppaug (n.) See 2d Scup.

Scuppernong (n.) An American grape, a form of Vitis vulpina, found in the Southern Atlantic States, and often cultivated.

Scurf (n.) Thin dry scales or scabs upon the body; especially, thin scales exfoliated from the cuticle, particularly of the scalp; dandruff.

Scurf (n.) Hence, the foul remains of anything adherent.

Scurf (n.) Anything like flakes or scales adhering to a surface.

Scurf (n.) Minute membranous scales on the surface of some leaves, as in the goosefoot.

Scurff (n.) The bull trout.

Scurfiness (n.) Quality or state of being scurfy.

Scurfiness (n.) Scurf.

Scurrier (n.) One who scurries.

Scurrility (n.) The quality or state of being scurrile or scurrilous; mean, vile, or obscene jocularity.

Scurrility (n.) That which is scurrile or scurrilous; gross or obscene language; low buffoonery; vulgar abuse.

Scurrit (n.) the lesser tern (Sterna minuta).

Scurry (n.) Act of scurring; hurried movement.

Scurviness (n.) The quality or state of being scurvy; vileness; meanness.

Scurvy (n.) Covered or affected with scurf or scabs; scabby; scurfy; specifically, diseased with the scurvy.

Scurvy (n.) Vile; mean; low; vulgar; contemptible.

Scurvy (n.) A disease characterized by livid spots, especially about the thighs and legs, due to extravasation of blood, and by spongy gums, and bleeding from almost all the mucous membranes. It is accompanied by paleness, languor, depression, and general debility. It is occasioned by confinement, innutritious food, and hard labor, but especially by lack of fresh vegetable food, or confinement for a long time to a limited range of food, which is incapable of repairing the waste of the syste>

Scut (n.) The tail of a hare, or of a deer, or other animal whose tail is short, sp. when carried erect; hence, sometimes, the animal itself.

Scutage (n.) Shield money; commutation of service for a sum of money. See Escuage.

Scutch (n.) A wooden instrument used in scutching flax and hemp.

Scutch (n.) The woody fiber of flax; the refuse of scutched flax.

Scutcheon (n.) An escutcheon; an emblazoned shield.

Scutcheon (n.) A small plate of metal, as the shield around a keyhole. See Escutcheon, 4.

Scutcher (n.) One who scutches.

Scutcher (n.) An implement or machine for scutching hemp, flax, or cotton; etc.; a scutch; a scutching machine.

Scute (n.) A small shield.

Scute (n.) An old French gold coin of the value of 3s. 4d. sterling, or about 80 cents.

Scute (n.) A bony scale of a reptile or fish; a large horny scale on the leg of a bird, or on the belly of a snake.

Scutella (n.) See Scutellum, n., 2.

Scutellation (n.) the entire covering, or mode of arrangement, of scales, as on the legs and feet of a bird.

Scutellum (n.) A rounded apothecium having an elevated rim formed of the proper thallus, the fructification of certain lichens.

Scutellum (n.) The third of the four pieces forming the upper part of a thoracic segment of an insect. It follows the scutum, and is followed by the small postscutellum; a scutella. See Thorax.

Scutellum (n.) One of the transverse scales on the tarsi and toes of birds; a scutella.

Scutibranch (n.) One of the Scutibranchiata.

Scutibranchian (n.) One of the Scutibranchiata.

Scutibranchiate (n.) One of the Scutibranchiata.

Scutiger (n.) Any species of chilopod myriapods of the genus Scutigera. They sometimes enter buildings and prey upon insects.

Scuttle (n.) A broad, shallow basket.

Scuttle (n.) A wide-mouthed vessel for holding coal: a coal hod.

Scuttle (n.) A quick pace; a short run.

Scuttle (n.) A small opening in an outside wall or covering, furnished with a lid.

Scuttle (n.) A small opening or hatchway in the deck of a ship, large enough to admit a man, and with a lid for covering it, also, a like hole in the side or bottom of a ship.

Scuttle (n.) An opening in the roof of a house, with a lid.

Scuttle (n.) The lid or door which covers or closes an opening in a roof, wall, or the like.

Scutum (n.) An oblong shield made of boards or wickerwork covered with leather, with sometimes an iron rim; -- carried chiefly by the heavy-armed infantry.

Scutum (n.) A penthouse or awning.

Scutum (n.) The second and largest of the four parts forming the upper surface of a thoracic segment of an insect. It is preceded by the prescutum and followed by the scutellum. See the Illust. under Thorax.

Scutum (n.) One of the two lower valves of the operculum of a barnacle.

Scye (n.) Arm scye, a cutter's term for the armhole or part of the armhole of the waist of a garnment.

Scylla (n.) A dangerous rock on the Italian coast opposite the whirpool Charybdis on the coast of Sicily, -- both personified in classical literature as ravenous monsters. The passage between them was formerly considered perilous; hence, the saying "Between Scylla and Charybdis," signifying a great peril on either hand.

Scyllaea (n.) A genus of oceanic nudibranchiate mollusks having the small branched gills situated on the upper side of four fleshy lateral lobes, and on the median caudal crest.

Scyllarian (n.) One of a family (Scyllaridae) of macruran Crustacea, remarkable for the depressed form of the body, and the broad, flat antennae. Also used adjectively.

Scyllite (n.) A white crystal

Scymetar (n.) See Scimiter.

Scypha (n.) See Scyphus, 2 (b).

Scyphistoma (n.) The young attached larva of Discophora in the stage when it resembles a hydroid, or actinian.

Scyphus (n.) A kind of large drinking cup, -- used by Greeks and Romans, esp. by poor folk.

Scyphus (n.) The cup of a narcissus, or a similar appendage to the corolla in other flowers.

Scyphus (n.) A cup-shaped stem or podetium in lichens. Also called scypha. See Illust. of Cladonia pyxidata, under Lichen.

Scythe (n.) An instrument for mowing grass, grain, or the like, by hand, composed of a long, curving blade, with a sharp edge, made fast to a long handle, called a snath, which is bent into a form convenient for use.

Scythe (n.) A scythe-shaped blade attached to ancient war chariots.

Scytheman (n.) One who uses a scythe; a mower.

Scythestone (n.) A stone for sharpening scythes; a whetstone.

Scythewhet (n.) Wilson's thrush; -- so called from its note.

Scythian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Scythia; specifically (Ethnol.), one of a Slavonic race which in early times occupied Eastern Europe.

Scythian (n.) The language of the Scythians.

Sea (n.) One of the larger bodies of salt water, less than an ocean, found on the earth's surface; a body of salt water of second rank, generally forming part of, or connecting with, an ocean or a larger sea; as, the Mediterranean Sea; the Sea of Marmora; the North Sea; the Carribean Sea.

Sea (n.) An inland body of water, esp. if large or if salt or brackish; as, the Caspian Sea; the Sea of Aral; sometimes, a small fresh-water lake; as, the Sea of Galilee.

Sea (n.) The ocean; the whole body of the salt water which covers a large part of the globe.

Sea (n.) The swell of the ocean or other body of water in a high wind; motion of the water's surface; also, a single wave; a billow; as, there was a high sea after the storm; the vessel shipped a sea.

Sea (n.) A great brazen laver in the temple at Jerusalem; -- so called from its size.

Sea (n.) Fig.: Anything resembling the sea in vastness; as, a sea of glory.

Sea-bar (n.) A tern.

Seabeach (n.) A beach lying along the sea.

Seabeard (n.) A green seaweed (Cladophora rupestris) growing in dense tufts.

Sea-blubber (n.) A jellyfish.

Seaboard (n.) The seashore; seacoast.

Seacoast (n.) The shore or border of the land adjacent to the sea or ocean. Also used adjectively.

Sea-ear (n.) Any species of ear-shaped shells of the genus Haliotis. See Abalone.

Seafarer (n.) One who follows the sea as a business; a mariner; a sailor.

Sea-gate (n.) Alt. of Sea-gait

Sea-gait (n.) A long, rolling swell of the sea.

Seah (n.) A Jewish dry measure containing one third of an an ephah.

Seak (n.) Soap prepared for use in milling cloth.

Seal (n.) Any aquatic carnivorous mammal of the families Phocidae and Otariidae.

Seal (n.) An engraved or inscribed stamp, used for marking an impression in wax or other soft substance, to be attached to a document, or otherwise used by way of authentication or security.

Seal (n.) Wax, wafer, or other tenacious substance, set to an instrument, and impressed or stamped with a seal; as, to give a deed under hand and seal.

Seal (n.) That which seals or fastens; esp., the wax or wafer placed on a letter or other closed paper, etc., to fasten it.

Seal (n.) That which confirms, ratifies, or makes stable; that which authenticates; that which secures; assurance.

Seal (n.) An arrangement for preventing the entrance or return of gas or air into a pipe, by which the open end of the pipe dips beneath the surface of water or other liquid, or a deep bend or sag in the pipe is filled with the liquid; a draintrap.

Sealer (n.) One who seals; especially, an officer whose duty it is to seal writs or instruments, to stamp weights and measures, or the like.

Sealer (n.) A mariner or a vessel engaged in the business of capturing seals.

Sealgh (n.) Alt. of Selch

Selch (n.) A seal.

Seam (n.) Grease; tallow; lard.

Seam (n.) The fold or

Seam (n.) Hence, a

Seam (n.) A thin layer or stratum; a narrow vein between two thicker strata; as, a seam of coal.

Seam (n.) A

Seam (n.) A denomination of weight or measure.

Seam (n.) The quantity of eight bushels of grain.

Seam (n.) The quantity of 120 pounds of glass.

Sea-maid (n.) The mermaid.

Sea-maid (n.) A sea nymph.

Sea-mail (n.) A gull; the mew.

Seaman (n.) A merman; the male of the mermaid.

Seaman (n.) One whose occupation is to assist in the management of ships at sea; a mariner; a sailor; -- applied both to officers and common mariners, but especially to the latter. Opposed to landman, or landsman.

Seamanship (n.) The skill of a good seaman; the art, or skill in the art, of working a ship.

Seamark (n.) Any elevated object on land which serves as a guide to mariners; a beacon; a landmark visible from the sea, as a hill, a tree, a steeple, or the like.

Sea-mell (n.) The sea mew.

Seaming (n.) The act or process of forming a seam or joint.

Seaming (n.) The cord or rope at the margin of a seine, to which the meshes of the net are attached.

Seamster (n.) One who sews well, or whose occupation is to sew.

Seamstress (n.) A woman whose occupation is sewing; a needlewoman.

Seamstressy (n.) The business of a seamstress.

Sean (n.) A seine. See Seine.

Seance (n.) A session, as of some public body; especially, a meeting of spiritualists to receive spirit communication, so called.

Seannachie (n.) A bard among the Highlanders of Scotland, who preserved and repeated the traditions of the tribes; also, a genealogist.

Sea-orb (n.) A globefish.

Sea-pen (n.) A pennatula.

Seapiece (n.) A picture representing a scene at sea; a marine picture.

Seaport (n.) A port on the seashore, or one accessible for seagoing vessels. Also used adjectively; as, a seaport town.

Seapoy (n.) See Sepoy.

Seaquake (n.) A quaking of the sea.

Sear (n.) The catch in a gunlock by which the hammer is held cocked or half cocked.

Searce (n.) A fine sieve.

Searcer (n.) One who sifts or bolts.

Searcer (n.) A searce, or sieve.

Searchableness (n.) Quality of being searchable.

Searcher (n.) One who, or that which, searhes or examines; a seeker; an inquirer; an examiner; a trier.

Searcher (n.) Formerly, an officer in London appointed to examine the bodies of the dead, and report the cause of death.

Searcher (n.) An officer of the customs whose business it is to search ships, merchandise, luggage, etc.

Searcher (n.) An inspector of leather.

Searcher (n.) An instrument for examining the bore of a cannon, to detect cavities.

Searcher (n.) An implement for sampling butter; a butter trier.

Searcher (n.) An instrument for feeling after calculi in the bladder, etc.

Searcloth (n.) Cerecloth.

Searedness (n.) The state of being seared or callous; insensibility.

Sea saurian (n.) Any marine saurian; esp. (Paleon.) the large extinct species of Mosasaurus, Icthyosaurus, Plesiosaurus, and related genera.

Seascape (n.) A picture representing a scene at sea.

Seashell (n.) The shell of any marine mollusk.

Seashore (n.) The coast of the sea; the land that lies adjacent to the sea or ocean.

Seashore (n.) All the ground between the ordinary highwater and low-water marks.

Seasickness (n.) The peculiar sickness, characterized by nausea and prostration, which is caused by the pitching or rolling of a vessel.

Seaside (n.) The land bordering on, or adjacent to, the sea; the seashore. Also used adjectively.

Season (n.) One of the divisions of the year, marked by alternations in the length of day and night, or by distinct conditions of temperature, moisture, etc., caused mainly by the relative position of the earth with respect to the sun. In the north temperate zone, four seasons, namely, spring, summer, autumn, and winter, are generally recognized. Some parts of the world have three seasons, -- the dry, the rainy, and the cold; other parts have but two, -- the dry and the rainy.

Season (n.) Hence, a period of time, especially as regards its fitness for anything contemplated or done; a suitable or convenient time; proper conjuncture; as, the season for planting; the season for rest.

Season (n.) A period of time not very long; a while; a time.

Season (n.) That which gives relish; seasoning.

Seasonage (n.) A seasoning.

Seasoner (n.) One who, or that which, seasons, or gives a relish; a seasoning.

Seasoning (n.) The act or process by which anything is seasoned.

Seasoning (n.) That which is added to any species of food, to give it a higher relish, as salt, spices, etc.; a condiment.

Seasoning (n.) Hence, something added to enhance enjoyment or relieve dullness; as, wit is the seasoning of conversation.

Seat (n.) The place or thing upon which one sits; hence; anything made to be sat in or upon, as a chair, bench, stool, saddle, or the like.

Seat (n.) The place occupied by anything, or where any person or thing is situated, resides, or abides; a site; an abode, a station; a post; a situation.

Seat (n.) That part of a thing on which a person sits; as, the seat of a chair or saddle; the seat of a pair of pantaloons.

Seat (n.) A sitting; a right to sit; regular or appropriate place of sitting; as, a seat in a church; a seat for the season in the opera house.

Seat (n.) Posture, or way of sitting, on horseback.

Seat (n.) A part or surface on which another part or surface rests; as, a valve seat.

Seating (n.) The act of providong with a seat or seats; as, the seating of an audience.

Seating (n.) The act of making seats; also, the material for making seats; as, cane seating.

Seave (n.) A rush.

Seawan (n.) Alt. of Seawant

Seawant (n.) The name used by the Algonquin Indians for the shell beads which passed among the Indians as money.

Seaware (n.) Seaweed; esp., coarse seaweed. See Ware, and Sea girdles.

Seaweed (n.) Popularly, any plant or plants growing in the sea.

Seaweed (n.) Any marine plant of the class Algae, as kelp, dulse, Fucus, Ulva, etc.

Seawife (n.) A European wrasse (Labrus vetula).

Seaworthiness (n.) The state or quality of being seaworthy, or able to resist the ordinary violence of wind and weather.

Sebat (n.) The eleventh month of the ancient Hebrew year, approximately corresponding with February.

Sebate (n.) A salt of sebacic acid.

Sebesten (n.) The mucilaginous drupaceous fruit of two East Indian trees (Cordia Myxa, and C. latifolia), sometimes used medicinally in pectoral diseases.

Seborrhea (n.) A morbidly increased discharge of sebaceous matter upon the skin; stearrhea.

Secale (n.) A genus of cereal grasses including rye.

Secancy (n.) A cutting; an intersection; as, the point of secancy of one

Seceder (n.) One who secedes.

Seceder (n.) One of a numerous body of Presbyterians in Scotland who seceded from the communion of the Established Church, about the year 1733, and formed the Secession Church, so called.

Secernent (n.) That which promotes secretion.

Secernent (n.) A vessel in, or by means of, which the process of secretion takes place; a secreting vessel.

Secernment (n.) The act or process of secreting.

Secess (n.) Retirement; retreat; secession.

Secession (n.) The act of seceding; separation from fellowship or association with others, as in a religious or political organization; withdrawal.

Secession (n.) The withdrawal of a State from the national Union.

Secessionism (n.) The doctrine or policy of secession; the tenets of secession; the tenets of secessionists.

Secessionist (n.) One who upholds secession.

Secessionist (n.) One who holds to the belief that a State has the right to separate from the Union at its will.

Sechium (n.) The edible fruit of a West Indian plant (Sechium edule) of the Gourd family. It is soft, pear-shaped, and about four inches long, and contains a single large seed. The root of the plant resembles a yam, and is used for food.

Seckel (n.) A small reddish brown sweet and juicy pear. It originated on a farm near Philadelphia, afterwards owned by a Mr. Seckel.

Secle (n.) A century.

Seclusion (n.) The act of secluding, or the state of being secluded; separation from society or connection; a withdrawing; privacy; as, to live in seclusion.

Second (n.) One who, or that which, follows, or comes after; one next and inferior in place, time, rank, importance, excellence, or power.

Second (n.) One who follows or attends another for his support and aid; a backer; an assistant; specifically, one who acts as another's aid in a duel.

Second (n.) Aid; assistance; help.

Second (n.) An article of merchandise of a grade inferior to the best; esp., a coarse or inferior kind of flour.

Second (n.) The interval between any tone and the tone which is represented on the degree of the staff next above it.

Second (n.) The second part in a concerted piece; -- often popularly applied to the alto.

Secondariness (n.) The state of being secondary.

Secondary (n.) One who occupies a subordinate, inferior, or auxiliary place; a delegate deputy; one who is second or next to the chief officer; as, the secondary, or undersheriff of the city of London.

Secondary (n.) A secondary circle.

Secondary (n.) A satellite.

Secondary (n.) A secondary quill.

Seconder (n.) One who seconds or supports what another attempts, affirms, moves, or proposes; as, the seconder of an enterprise or of a motion.

Secondo (n.) The second part in a concerted piece.

Second-sight (n.) The power of discerning what is not visible to the physical eye, or of foreseeing future events, esp. such as are of a disastrous kind; the capacity of a seer; prophetic vision.

Secre (n.) A secret.

Secrecy (n.) The state or quality of being hidden; as, his movements were detected in spite of their secrecy.

Secrecy (n.) That which is concealed; a secret.

Secrecy (n.) Seclusion; privacy; retirement.

Secrecy (n.) The quality of being secretive; fidelity to a secret; forbearance of disclosure or discovery.

Secreness (n.) Secrecy; privacy.

Secretage (n.) A process in which mercury, or some of its salts, is employed to impart the property of felting to certain kinds of furs.

Secretariat (n.) Alt. of Secretariate

Secretariate (n.) The office of a secretary; the place where a secretary transacts business, keeps records, etc.

Secretary (n.) One who keeps, or is intrusted with, secrets.

Secretary (n.) A person employed to write orders, letters, dispatches, public or private papers, records, and the like; an official scribe, amanuensis, or writer; one who attends to correspondence, and transacts other business, for an association, a public body, or an individual.

Secretary (n.) An officer of state whose business is to superintend and manage the affairs of a particular department of government, and who is usually a member of the cabinet or advisory council of the chief executive; as, the secretary of state, who conducts the correspondence and attends to the relations of a government with foreign courts; the secretary of the treasury, who manages the department of finance; the secretary of war, etc.

Secretary (n.) A piece of furniture, with conveniences for writing and for the arrangement of papers; an escritoire.

Secretary (n.) The secretary bird.

Secretaryship (n.) The office, or the term of office, of a secretary.

Secretion (n.) The act of secreting or concealing; as, the secretion of dutiable goods.

Secretion (n.) The act of secreting; the process by which material is separated from the blood through the agency of the cells of the various glands and elaborated by the cells into new substances so as to form the various secretions, as the saliva, bile, and other digestive fluids. The process varies in the different glands, and hence are formed the various secretions.

Secretion (n.) Any substance or fluid secreted, or elaborated and emitted, as the gastric juice.

Secretist (n.) A dealer in secrets.

Secretiveness (n.) The quality of being secretive; disposition or tendency to conceal.

Secretiveness (n.) The faculty or propensity which impels to reserve, secrecy, or concealment.

Secretness (n.) The state or quality of being secret, hid, or concealed.

Secretness (n.) Secretiveness; concealment.

Secretory (n.) A secretory vessel; a secernent.

Sect (n.) A cutting; a scion.

Sect (n.) Those following a particular leader or authority, or attached to a certain opinion; a company or set having a common belief or allegiance distinct from others; in religion, the believers in a particular creed, or upholders of a particular practice; especially, in modern times, a party dissenting from an established church; a denomination; in philosophy, the disciples of a particular master; a school; in society and the state, an order, rank, class, or party.

Sectant (n.) One of the portions of space bounded by the three coordinate planes. Specif. (Crystallog.), one of the parts of a crystal into which it is divided by the axial planes.

Sectarian (n.) Pertaining to a sect, or to sects; peculiar to a sect; bigotedly attached to the tenets and interests of a denomination; as, sectarian principles or prejudices.

Sectarian (n.) One of a sect; a member or adherent of a special school, denomination, or religious or philosophical party; one of a party in religion which has separated itself from established church, or which holds tenets different from those of the prevailing denomination in a state.

Sectarianism (n.) The quality or character of a sectarian; devotion to the interests of a party; excess of partisan or denominational zeal; adherence to a separate church organization.

Sectarism (n.) Sectarianism.

Sectarist (n.) A sectary.

Sectary (n.) A sectarian; a member or adherent of a sect; a follower or disciple of some particular teacher in philosophy or religion; one who separates from an established church; a dissenter.

Sectator (n.) A follower; a disciple; an adherent to a sect.

Sectility (n.) The state or quality of being sectile.

Section (n.) The act of cutting, or separation by cutting; as, the section of bodies.

Section (n.) A part separated from something; a division; a portion; a slice.

Section (n.) A distinct part or portion of a book or writing; a subdivision of a chapter; the division of a law or other writing; a paragraph; an article; hence, the character /, often used to denote such a division.

Section (n.) A distinct part of a country or people, community, class, or the like; a part of a territory separated by geographical

Section (n.) One of the portions, of one square mile each, into which the public lands of the United States are divided; one thirty-sixth part of a township. These sections are subdivided into quarter sections for sale under the homestead and preemption laws.

Section (n.) The figure made up of all the points common to a superficies and a solid which meet, or to two superficies which meet, or to two

Section (n.) A division of a genus; a group of species separated by some distinction from others of the same genus; -- often indicated by the sign /.

Section (n.) A part of a musical period, composed of one or more phrases. See Phrase.

Section (n.) The description or representation of anything as it would appear if cut through by any intersecting plane; depiction of what is beyond a plane passing through, or supposed to pass through, an object, as a building, a machine, a succession of strata; profile.

Sectionalism (n.) A disproportionate regard for the interests peculiar to a section of the country; local patriotism, as distinguished from national.

Sectionality (n.) The state or quality of being sectional; sectionalism.

Sectism (n.) Devotion to a sect.

Sectist (n.) One devoted to a sect; a soetary.

Sectiuncle (n.) A little or petty sect.

Sector (n.) A part of a circle comprehended between two radii and the included arc.

Sector (n.) A mathematical instrument, consisting of two rulers connected at one end by a joint, each arm marked with several scales, as of equal parts, chords, sines, tangents, etc., one scale of each kind on each arm, and all on

Sector (n.) An astronomical instrument, the limb of which embraces a small portion only of a circle, used for measuring differences of declination too great for the compass of a micrometer. When it is used for measuring zenith distances of stars, it is called a zenith sector.

Sectorial (n.) A sectorial, or carnassial, tooth.

Secular (n.) A secular ecclesiastic, or one not bound by monastic rules.

Secular (n.) A church official whose functions are confined to the vocal department of the choir.

Secular (n.) A layman, as distinguished from a clergyman.

Secularism (n.) The state or quality of being secular; a secular spirit; secularity.

Secularism (n.) The tenets or principles of the secularists.

Secularist (n.) One who theoretically rejects every form of religious faith, and every kind of religious worship, and accepts only the facts and influences which are derived from the present life; also, one who believes that education and other matters of civil policy should be managed without the introduction of a religious element.

Secularity (n.) Supreme attention to the things of the present life; world

Secularization (n.) The act of rendering secular, or the state of being rendered secular; conversion from regular or monastic to secular; conversion from religious to lay or secular possession and uses; as, the secularization of church property.

Secularness (n.) The quality or state of being secular; world

Secundation (n.) Prosperity.

Secundine (n.) The second coat, or integument, of an ovule, lying within the primine.

Secundine (n.) The afterbirth, or placenta and membranes; -- generally used in the plural.

Secundo-geniture (n.) A right of inheritance belonging to a second son; a property or possession so inherited.

Securement (n.) The act of securing; protection.

Secureness (n.) The condition or quality of being secure; exemption from fear; want of vigilance; security.

Securer (n.) One who, or that which, secures.

Securipalp (n.) One of a family of beetles having the maxillary palpi terminating in a hatchet-shaped joint.

Security (n.) The condition or quality of being secure; secureness.

Security (n.) Freedom from apprehension, anxiety, or care; confidence of power of safety; hence, assurance; certainty.

Security (n.) Hence, carelessness; negligence; heedlessness.

Security (n.) Freedom from risk; safety.

Security (n.) That which secures or makes safe; protection; guard; defense.

Security (n.) Something given, deposited, or pledged, to make certain the fulfillment of an obligation, the performance of a contract, the payment of a debt, or the like; surety; pledge.

Security (n.) One who becomes surety for another, or engages himself for the performance of another's obligation.

Security (n.) An evidence of debt or of property, as a bond, a certificate of stock, etc.; as, government securities.

Sedan (n.) A portable chair or covered vehicle for carrying a single person, -- usually borne on poles by two men. Called also sedan chair.

Sedation (n.) The act of calming, or the state of being calm.

Sedative (n.) A remedy which allays irritability and irritation, and irritative activity or pain.

Sedentariness (n.) Quality of being sedentary.

Sederunt (n.) A sitting, as of a court or other body.

Sedge (n.) Any plant of the genus Carex, perennial, endogenous herbs, often growing in dense tufts in marshy places. They have triangular jointless stems, a spiked inflorescence, and long grasslike leaves which are usually rough on the margins and midrib. There are several hundred species.

Sedge (n.) A flock of herons.

Sediment (n.) The matter which subsides to the bottom, frrom water or any other liquid; settlings; lees; dregs.

Sediment (n.) The material of which sedimentary rocks are formed.

Sedimentation (n.) The act of depositing a sediment; specifically (Geol.), the deposition of the material of which sedimentary rocks are formed.

Sedition (n.) The raising of commotion in a state, not amounting to insurrection; conduct tending to treason, but without an overt act; excitement of discontent against the government, or of resistance to lawful authority.

Sedition (n.) Dissension; division; schism.

Seditionary (n.) An inciter or promoter of sedition.

Seducement (n.) The act of seducing.

Seducement (n.) The means employed to seduce, as flattery, promises, deception, etc.; arts of enticing or corrupting.

Seducer (n.) One who, or that which, seduces; specifically, one who prevails over the chastity of a woman by enticements and persuasions.

Seduction (n.) The act of seducing; enticement to wrong doing; specifically, the offense of inducing a woman to consent to unlawful sexual intercourse, by enticements which overcome her scruples; the wrong or crime of persuading a woman to surrender her chastity.

Seduction (n.) That which seduces, or is adapted to seduce; means of leading astray; as, the seductions of wealth.

Seductress (n.) A woman who seduces.

Sedulity (n.) The quality or state of being sedulous; diligent and assiduous application; constant attention; unremitting industry; sedulousness.

Sedum (n.) A genus of plants, mostly perennial, having succulent leaves and cymose flowers; orpine; stonecrop.

See (n.) A seat; a site; a place where sovereign power is exercised.

See (n.) Specifically: (a) The seat of episcopal power; a diocese; the jurisdiction of a bishop; as, the see of New York. (b) The seat of an archibishop; a province or jurisdiction of an archibishop; as, an archiepiscopal see. (c) The seat, place, or office of the pope, or Roman pontiff; as, the papal see. (d) The pope or his court at Rome; as, to appeal to the see of Rome.

Seed (n.) A ripened ovule, consisting of an embryo with one or more integuments, or coverings; as, an apple seed; a currant seed. By germination it produces a new plant.

Seed (n.) Any small seedlike fruit, though it may consist of a pericarp, or even a calyx, as well as the seed proper; as, parsnip seed; thistle seed.

Seed (n.) The generative fluid of the male; semen; sperm; -- not used in the plural.

Seed (n.) That from which anything springs; first principle; original; source; as, the seeds of virtue or vice.

Seed (n.) The principle of production.

Seed (n.) Progeny; offspring; children; descendants; as, the seed of Abraham; the seed of David.

Seed (n.) Race; generation; birth.

Seedbox (n.) A capsule.

Seedbox (n.) A plant (Ludwigia alternifolia) which has somewhat cubical or box-shaped capsules.

Seedcake (n.) A sweet cake or cooky containing aromatic seeds, as caraway.

Seedcod (n.) A seedlip.

Seeder (n.) One who, or that which, sows or plants seed.

Seediness (n.) The quality or state of being seedy, shabby, or worn out; a state of wretchedness or exhaustion.

Seed-lac (n.) A species of lac. See the Note under Lac.

Seedling (n.) A plant reared from the seed, as distinguished from one propagated by layers, buds, or the like.

Seedlip (n.) Alt. of Seedlop

Seedlop (n.) A vessel in which a sower carries the seed to be scattered.

Seedness (n.) Seedtime.

Seedsman (n.) A sower; one who sows or scatters seed.

Seedsman (n.) A person who deals in seeds.

Seedtime (n.) The season proper for sowing.

Seeker (n.) One who seeks; that which is used in seeking or searching.

Seeker (n.) One of a small heterogeneous sect of the 17th century, in Great Britain, who professed to be seeking the true church, ministry, and sacraments.

Seek-no-further (n.) A kind of choice winter apple, having a subacid taste; -- formerly called go-no-further.

Seek-sorrow (n.) One who contrives to give himself vexation.

Seel (n.) Alt. of Seeling

Seeling (n.) The rolling or agitation of a ship in a storm.

Seel (n.) Good fortune; favorable opportunity; prosperity. [Obs.] "So have I seel".

Seel (n.) Time; season; as, hay seel.

Seemer (n.) One who seems; one who carries or assumes an appearance or semblance.

Seeming (n.) Appearance; show; semblance; fair appearance; speciousness.

Seeming (n.) Apprehension; judgment.

Seemingness (n.) Semblance; fair appearance; plausibility.

Seem

Seemlyhed (n.) Comely or decent appearance.

Seepage (n.) Alt. of Sipage

Sipage (n.) Water that seeped or oozed through a porous soil.

Seer (n.) One who sees.

Seer (n.) A person who foresees events; a prophet.

Seeress (n.) A female seer; a prophetess.

Seerfish (n.) A scombroid food fish of Madeira (Cybium Commersonii).

Seerhand (n.) A kind of muslin of a texture between nainsook and mull.

Seership (n.) The office or quality of a seer.

Seersucker (n.) A light fabric, originally made in the East Indies, of silk and

Seerwood (n.) Dry wood.

Seesaw (n.) A play among children in which they are seated upon the opposite ends of a plank which is balanced in the middle, and move alternately up and down.

Seesaw (n.) A plank or board adjusted for this play.

Seesaw (n.) A vibratory or reciprocating motion.

Seesaw (n.) Same as Crossruff.

Seethe (n.) To decoct or prepare for food in hot liquid; to boil; as, to seethe flesh.

Seether (n.) A pot for boiling things; a boiler.

Seg (n.) Sedge.

Seg (n.) The gladen, and other species of Iris.

Seg (n.) A castrated bull.

Segar (n.) See Cigar.

Seggar (n.) A case or holder made of fire clay, in which fine pottery is inclosed while baking in the kin.

Segge (n.) The hedge sparrow.

Segment (n.) One of the parts into which any body naturally separates or is divided; a part divided or cut off; a section; a portion; as, a segment of an orange; a segment of a compound or divided leaf.

Segment (n.) A part cut off from a figure by a

Segment (n.) A piece in the form of the sector of a circle, or part of a ring; as, the segment of a sectional fly wheel or flywheel rim.

Segment (n.) A segment gear.

Segment (n.) One of the cells or division formed by segmentation, as in egg cleavage or in fissiparous cell formation.

Segment (n.) One of the divisions, rings, or joints into which many animal bodies are divided; a somite; a metamere; a somatome.

Segmentation (n.) The act or process of dividing into segments; specifically (Biol.), a self-division into segments as a result of growth; cell cleavage; cell multiplication; endogenous cell formation.

Segnitude (n.) Alt. of Segnity

Segnity (n.) Sluggishness; dullness; inactivity.

Segno (n.) A sign. See Al segno, and Dal segno.

Sego (n.) A liliaceous plant (Calochortus Nuttallii) of Western North America, and its edible bulb; -- so called by the Ute Indians and the Mormons.

Segregation (n.) The act of segregating, or the state of being segregated; separation from others; a parting.

Segregation (n.) Separation from a mass, and gathering about centers or into cavities at hand through cohesive attraction or the crystallizing process.

Seid (n.) A descendant of Mohammed through his daughter Fatima and nephew Ali.

Seignior (n.) A lord; the lord of a manor.

Seignior (n.) A title of honor or of address in the South of Europe, corresponding to Sir or Mr. in English.

Seigniorage (n.) Something claimed or taken by virtue of sovereign prerogative; specifically, a charge or toll deducted from bullion brought to a mint to be coined; the difference between the cost of a mass of bullion and the value as money of the pieces coined from it.

Seigniorage (n.) A share of the receipts of a business taken in payment for the use of a right, as a copyright or a patent.

Seignioralty (n.) The territory or authority of a seignior, or lord.

Seigniory (n.) The power or authority of a lord; dominion.

Seigniory (n.) The territory over which a lord holds jurisdiction; a manor.

Seine (n.) A large net, one edge of which is provided with sinkers, and the other with floats. It hangs vertically in the water, and when its ends are brought together or drawn ashore incloses the fish.

Seiner (n.) One who fishes with a seine.

Seining (n.) Fishing with a seine.

Seint (n.) A girdle.

Seint (n.) A saint.

Seintuary (n.) Sanctuary.

Seirfish (n.) Same as Seerfish.

Seirospore (n.) One of several spores arranged in a chain as in certain algae of the genus Callithamnion.

Seisin (n.) See Seizin.

Seismograph (n.) An apparatus for registering the shocks and undulatory motions of earthquakes.

Seismography (n.) A writing about, or a description of, earthquakes.

Seismography (n.) The art of registering the shocks and undulatory movements of earthquakes.

Seismology (n.) The science of earthquakes.

Seismometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the direction, duration, and force of earthquakes and like concussions.

Seismometry (n.) The mensuration of such phenomena of earthquakes as can be expressed in numbers, or by their relation to the coordinates of space.

Seismoscope (n.) A seismometer.

Seity (n.) Something peculiar to one's self.

Seizer (n.) One who, or that which, seizes.

Seizin (n.) Possession; possession of an estate of froehold. It may be either in deed or in law; the former when there is actual possession, the latter when there is a right to such possession by construction of law. In some of the United States seizin means merely ownership.

Seizin (n.) The act of taking possession.

Seizin (n.) The thing possessed; property.

Seizing (n.) The act of taking or grasping suddenly.

Seizing (n.) The operation of fastening together or lashing.

Seizing (n.) The cord or lashing used for such fastening.

Seizor (n.) One who seizes, or takes possession.

Seizure (n.) The act of seizing, or the state of being seized; sudden and violent grasp or gripe; a taking into possession; as, the seizure of a thief, a property, a throne, etc.

Seizure (n.) Retention within one's grasp or power; hold; possession; ownership.

Seizure (n.) That which is seized, or taken possession of; a thing laid hold of, or possessed.

Sejunction (n.) The act of disjoining, or the state of being disjoined.

Sekes (n.) A place in a pagan temple in which the images of the deities were inclosed.

Selachian (n.) One of the Selachii. See Illustration in Appendix.

Selaginella (n.) A genus of cryptogamous plants resembling Lycopodia, but producing two kinds of spores; also, any plant of this genus. Many species are cultivated in conservatories.

Selah (n.) A word of doubtful meaning, occuring frequently in the Psalms; by some, supposed to signify silence or a pause in the musical performance of the song.

Selcouth (n.) Rarely known; unusual; strange.

Seldomness (n.) Rareness.

Selection (n.) The act of selecting, or the state of being selected; choice, by preference.

Selection (n.) That which is selected; a collection of things chosen; as, a choice selection of books.

Selectman (n.) One of a board of town officers chosen annually in the New England States to transact the general public business of the town, and have a kind of executive authority. The number is usually from three to seven in each town.

Selectness (n.) The quality or state of being select.

Selector (n.) One who selects.

Selenate (n.) A salt of selenic acid; -- formerly called also seleniate.

Selenide (n.) A binary compound of selenium, or a compound regarded as binary; as, ethyl selenide.

Selenite (n.) A salt of selenious acid.

Selenite (n.) A variety of gypsum, occuring in transparent crystals or crystal

Selenium (n.) A nonmetallic element of the sulphur group, and analogous to sulphur in its compounds. It is found in small quantities with sulphur and some sulphur ores, and obtained in the free state as a dark reddish powder or crystal

Seleniuret (n.) A selenide.

Selenograph (n.) A picture or de

Selenographer (n.) One skilled in selenography.

Selenographist (n.) A selenographer.

Selenography (n.) The science that treats of the physical features of the moon; -- corresponding to physical geography in respect to the earth.

Selenonium (n.) A hypothetical radical of selenium, analogous to sulphonium.

Selenology (n.) That branch of astronomy which treats of the moon.

Self (n.) The individual as the object of his own reflective consciousness; the man viewed by his own cognition as the subject of all his mental phenomena, the agent in his own activities, the subject of his own feelings, and the possessor of capacities and character; a person as a distinct individual; a being regarded as having personality.

Self (n.) Hence, personal interest, or love of private interest; selfishness; as, self is his whole aim.

Self (n.) Personification; embodiment.

Self-abasement (n.) Degradation of one's self by one's own act.

Self-abasement (n.) Humiliation or abasement proceeding from consciousness of inferiority, guilt, or shame.

Self-abhorrence (n.) Abhorrence of one's self.

Self-abnegation (n.) Self-denial; self-renunciation; self-sacrifice.

Self-abuse (n.) The abuse of one's own self, powers, or faculties.

Self-abuse (n.) Self-deception; delusion.

Self-abuse (n.) Masturbation; onanism; self-pollution.

Self-action (n.) Action by, or originating in, one's self or itself.

Self-activity (n.) The quality or state of being self-active; self-action.

Self-admiration (n.) Admiration of one's self.

Self-aggrandizement (n.) The aggrandizement of one's self.

Self-annihilation (n.) Annihilation by one's own acts; annihilation of one's desires.

Self-applause (n.) Applause of one's self.

Self-assertion (n.) The act of asserting one's self, or one's own rights or claims; the quality of being self-asserting.

Self-centration (n.) The quality or state of being self-centered.

Self-charity (n.) Self-love.

Self-color (n.) A color not mixed or variegated.

Self-command (n.) Control over one's own feelings, temper, etc.; self-control.

Self-commune (n.) Self-communion.

Self-communion (n.) Communion with one's self; thoughts about one's self.

Self-complacency (n.) The quality of being self-complacent.

Self-conceit (n.) Conceit of one's self; an overweening opinion of one's powers or endowments.

Self-concern (n.) Concern for one's self.

Self-condemnation (n.) Condemnation of one's self by one's own judgment.

Self-confidence (n.) The quality or state of being self-confident; self-reliance.

Self-consciousness (n.) The quality or state of being self-conscious.

Self-consistency (n.) The quality or state of being self-consistent.

Self-contradiction (n.) The act of contradicting one's self or itself; repugnancy in conceptions or in terms; a proposition consisting of two members, one of which contradicts the other; as, to be and not to be at the same time is a self-contradiction.

Self-control (n.) Control of one's self; restraint exercised over one's self; self-command.

Self-conviction (n.) The act of convicting one's self, or the state of being self-convicted.

Self-culture (n.) Culture, training, or education of one's self by one's own efforts.

Self-deceit (n.) The act of deceiving one's self, or the state of being self-deceived; self-deception.

Self-deception (n.) Self-deceit.

Self-defence (n.) See Self-defense.

Self-defense (n.) The act of defending one's own person, property, or reputation.

Self-degradation (n.) The act of degrading one's self, or the state of being so degraded.

Self-delation (n.) Accusation of one's self.

Self-delusion (n.) The act of deluding one's self, or the state of being thus deluded.

Self-denial (n.) The denial of one's self; forbearing to gratify one's own desires; self-sacrifice.

Self-destroyer (n.) One who destroys himself; a suicide.

Self-destruction (n.) The destruction of one's self; self-murder; suicide.

Self-determination (n.) Determination by one's self; or, determination of one's acts or states without the necessitating force of motives; -- applied to the voluntary or activity.

Self-devotement (n.) Self-devotion.

Self-devotion (n.) The act of devoting one's self, or the state of being self-devoted; willingness to sacrifice one's own advantage or happiness for the sake of others; self-sacrifice.

Self-discip

Self-distrust (n.) Want of confidence in one' self; diffidence.

Self-enjoyment (n.) Enjoyment of one's self; self-satisfaction.

Self-esteem (n.) The holding a good opinion of one's self; self-complacency.

Self-estimation (n.) The act of estimating one's self; self-esteem.

Self-evidence (n.) The quality or state of being self-evident.

Self-evolution (n.) Evolution of one's self; development by inherent quality or power.

Self-exaltation (n.) The act of exalting one's self, or the state of being so exalted.

Self-examinant (n.) One who examines himself; one given to self-examination.

Self-examination (n.) An examination into one's own state, conduct, and motives, particularly in regard to religious feelings and duties.

Self-existence (n.) Inherent existence; existence possessed by virtue of a being's own nature, and independent of any other being or cause; -- an attribute peculiar to God.

Self-exposure (n.) The act of exposing one's self; the state of being so exposed.

Self-fertilization (n.) The fertilization of a flower by pollen from the same flower and without outer aid; autogamy.

Self-government (n.) The act of governing one's self, or the state of being governed by one's self; self-control; self-command.

Self-government (n.) Hence, government of a community, state, or nation by the joint action of the mass of people constituting such a civil body; also, the state of being so governed; democratic government; democracy.

Self-gratulation (n.) Gratulation of one's self.

Self-heal (n.) A blue-flowered labiate plant (Brunella vulgaris); the healall.

Self-help (n.) The act of aiding one's self, without depending on the aid of others.

Self-homicide (n.) The act of killing one's self; suicide.

Selfhood (n.) Existence as a separate self, or independent person; conscious personality; individuality.

Self-ignorance (n.) Ignorance of one's own character, powers, and limitations.

Self-importance (n.) An exaggerated estimate of one's own importance or merit, esp. as manifested by the conduct or manners; self-conceit.

Self-imposture (n.) Imposture practiced on one's self; self-deceit.

Self-indignation (n.) Indignation at one's own character or actions.

Self-indulgence (n.) Indulgence of one's appetites, desires, or inclinations; -- the opposite of self-restraint, and self-denial.

Self-interest (n.) Private interest; the interest or advantage of one's self.

Self-involution (n.) Involution in one's self; hence, abstraction of thought; reverie.

Selfishness (n.) The quality or state of being selfish; exclusive regard to one's own interest or happiness; that supreme self-love or self-preference which leads a person to direct his purposes to the advancement of his own interest, power, or happiness, without regarding those of others.

Selfism (n.) Concentration of one's interests on one's self; self-love; selfishness.

Selfist (n.) A selfish person.

Self-justifier (n.) One who excuses or justifies himself.

Self-knowledge (n.) Knowledge of one's self, or of one's own character, powers, limitations, etc.

Selflessness (n.) Quality or state of being selfless.

Self-life (n.) Life for one's self; living solely or chiefly for one's own pleasure or good.

Self-love (n.) The love of one's self; desire of personal happiness; tendency to seek one's own benefit or advantage.

Self-mettle (n.) Inborn mettle or courage; one's own temper.

Self-motion (n.) Motion given by inherent power, without external impulse; spontaneus or voluntary motion.

Self-murderer (n.) A suicide.

Self-neglecting (n.) A neglecting of one's self, or of one's own interests.

Selfness (n.) Selfishness.

Self-opinion (n.) Opinion, especially high opinion, of one's self; an overweening estimate of one's self or of one's own opinion.

Self-partiality (n.) That partiality to himself by which a man overrates his own worth when compared with others.

Self-possession (n.) The possession of one's powers; calmness; self-command; presence of mind; composure.

Self-praise (n.) Praise of one's self.

Self-preservation (n.) The preservation of one's self from destruction or injury.

Self-reliance (n.) Reliance on one's own powers or judgment; self-trust.

Self-renunciation (n.) The act of renouncing, or setting aside, one's own wishes, claims, etc.; self-sacrifice.

Self-repellency (n.) The quality or state of being self-repelling.

Self-repetition (n.) Repetition of one's self or of one's acts; the saying or doing what one has already said or done.

Self-reproach (n.) The act of reproaching one's self; censure by one's own conscience.

Self-reproof (n.) The act of reproving one's self; censure of one's conduct by one's own judgment.

Self-respect (n.) Respect for one's self; regard for one's character; laudable self-esteem.

Self-restraint (n.) Restraint over one's self; self-control; self-command.

Self-reverence (n.) A reverent respect for one's self.

Self-righteousness (n.) The quality or state of being self-righteous; pharisaism.

Self-sacrifice (n.) The act of sacrificing one's self, or one's interest, for others; self-devotion.

Self-satisfaction (n.) The quality or state of being self-satisfied.

Self-seeker (n.) One who seeks only his own interest, advantage, or pleasure.

Self-seeking (n.) The act or habit of seeking one's own interest or happiness; selfishness.

Self-slaughter (n.) Suicide.

Self-sufficiency (n.) The quality or state of being self-sufficient.

Self-tormentor (n.) One who torments himself.

Self-torture (n.) The act of inflicting pain on one's self; pain inflicted on one's self.

Self-trust (n.) Faith in one's self; self-reliance.

Self-view (n.) A view if one's self; specifically, carefulness or regard for one's own interests

Self-will (n.) One's own will, esp. when opposed to that of others; obstinacy.

Self-willedness (n.) Obstinacy.

Self-worship (n.) The idolizing of one's self; immoderate self-conceit.

Self-wrong (n.) Wrong done by a person himself.

Selion (n.) A short piece of land in arable ridges and furrows, of uncertain quantity; also, a ridge of land lying between two furrows.

Seljuckian (n.) A member of the family of Seljuk; an adherent of that family, or subject of its government; (pl.) the dynasty of Turkish sultans sprung from Seljuk.

Sell (n.) Self.

Sell (n.) A sill.

Sell (n.) A cell; a house.

Sell (n.) A saddle for a horse.

Sell (n.) A throne or lofty seat.

Sell (n.) An imposition; a cheat; a hoax.

Seller (n.) One who sells.

Seltzo-gene (n.) A gazogene.

Selvage (n.) Alt. of Selvedge

Selvedge (n.) The edge of cloth which is woven in such a manner as to prevent raveling.

Selvedge (n.) The edge plate of a lock, through which the bolt passes.

Selvedge (n.) A layer of clay or decomposed rock along the wall of a vein. See Gouge, n., 4.

Selvagee (n.) A skein or hank of rope yarns wound round with yarns or mar

Selves (n.) pl. of Self.

Semaphore (n.) A signal telegraph; an apparatus for giving signals by the disposition of lanterns, flags, oscillating arms, etc.

Semaphorist (n.) One who manages or operates a semaphore.

Sematology (n.) The doctrine of signs as the expression of thought or reasoning; the science of indicating thought by signs.

Sematrope (n.) An instrument for signaling by reflecting the rays of the sun in different directions.

Semblable (n.) Likeness; representation.

Semblant (n.) Show; appearance; figure; semblance.

Semblant (n.) The face.

Sembling (n.) The practice of attracting the males of Lepidoptera or other insects by exposing the female confined in a cage.

Semeiography (n.) Alt. of Semiography

Semiography (n.) A description of the signs of disease.

Semeiology (n.) Alt. of Semiology

Semiology (n.) The science or art of signs.

Semiology (n.) The science of the signs or symptoms of disease; symptomatology.

Semiology (n.) The art of using signs in signaling.

Semeiotics (n.) Alt. of Semiotics

Semiotics (n.) Semeiology.

Semele (n.) A daughter of Cadmus, and by Zeus mother of Bacchus.

Semen (n.) The seed of plants.

Semen (n.) The seed or fecundating fluid of male animals; sperm. It is a white or whitish viscid fluid secreted by the testes, characterized by the presence of spermatozoids to which it owes its generative power.

Semester (n.) A period of six months; especially, a term in a college or uneversity which divides the year into two terms.

Semiangle (n.) The half of a given, or measuring, angle.

Semi-Arian (n.) A member of a branch of the Arians which did not acknowledge the Son to be consubstantial with the Father, that is, of the same substance, but admitted him to be of a like substance with the Father, not by nature, but by a peculiar privilege.

Semi-Arianism (n.) The doctrines or tenets of the Semi-Arians.

Semiaxis (n.) One half of the axis of an /llipse or other figure.

Semibarbarian (n.) One partly civilized.

Semibarbarism (n.) The quality or state of being half barbarous or uncivilized.

Semibreve (n.) A note of half the time or duration of the breve; -- now usually called a whole note. It is the longest note in general use.

Semibrief (n.) A semibreve.

Semibull (n.) A bull issued by a pope in the period between his election and coronation.

Semicentennial (n.) A fiftieth anniversary.

Semichorus (n.) A half chorus; a passage to be sung by a selected portion of the voices, as the female voices only, in contrast with the full choir.

Semicircle (n.) The half of a circle; the part of a circle bounded by its diameter and half of its circumference.

Semicircle (n.) A semicircumference.

Semicircle (n.) A body in the form of half of a circle, or half of a circumference.

Semicircle (n.) An instrument for measuring angles.

Semi circumference (n.) Half of a circumference.

Semicirque (n.) A semicircular hollow or opening among trees or hills.

Semicolon (n.) The punctuation mark [;] indicating a separation between parts or members of a sentence more distinct than that marked by a comma.

Semicolumn (n.) A half column; a column bisected longitudinally, or along its axis.

Semicope (n.) A short cope, or an inferier kind of cope.

Semicubium (n.) Alt. of Semicupium

Semicupium (n.) A half bath, or one that covers only the lewer extremities and the hips; a sitz-bath; a half bath, or hip bath.

Semidemiquaver (n.) A demisemiquaver; a thirty-second note.

Semidiameter (n.) Half of a diameter; a right

Semidiapason (n.) An imperfect octave.

Semidiapente (n.) An imperfect or diminished fifth.

Semidiaphaneity (n.) Half or imperfect transparency; translucency.

Semidiatessaron (n.) An imperfect or diminished fourth.

Semiditone (n.) A lesser third, having its terms as 6 to 5; a hemiditone.

Semidome (n.) A roof or ceiling covering a semicircular room or recess, or one of nearly that shape, as the apse of a church, a niche, or the like. It is approximately the quarter of a hollow sphere.

Semidouble (n.) An office or feast celebrated with less solemnity than the double ones. See Double, n., 8.

Semifable (n.) That which is part fable and part truth; a mixture of truth and fable.

Semifloret (n.) See Semifloscule.

Semifloscule (n.) A floscule, or florest, with its corolla prolonged into a strap-shaped petal; -- called also semifloret.

Semifluid (n.) A semifluid substance.

Semiform (n.) A half form; an imperfect form.

Semiglutin (n.) A peptonelike body, insoluble in alcohol, formed by boiling collagen or gelatin for a long time in water. Hemicollin, a like body, is also formed at the same time, and differs from semiglutin by being partly soluble in alcohol.

Semilens (n.) The half of a lens divided along a plane passing through its axis.

Semiliquidity (n.) The quality or state of being semiliquid; partial liquidity.

Semilor (n.) A yellowish alloy of copper and zinc. See Simplor.

Semilunar (n.) The semilunar bone.

Semilune (n.) The half of a lune.

Semimetal (n.) An element possessing metallic properties in an inferior degree and not malleable, as arsenic, antimony, bismuth, molybdenum, uranium, etc.

Semimonthly (n.) Something done or made every half month; esp., a semimonthly periodical.

Semimute (n.) A semimute person.

Seminal (n.) A seed.

Seminality (n.) The quality or state of being seminal.

Seminarian (n.) Alt. of Seminarist

Seminarist (n.) A member of, or one educated in, a seminary; specifically, an ecclesiastic educated for the priesthood in a seminary.

Seminary (n.) A piece of ground where seed is sown for producing plants for transplantation; a nursery; a seed plat.

Seminary (n.) Hence, the place or original stock whence anything is brought or produced.

Seminary (n.) A place of education, as a scool of a high grade, an academy, college, or university.

Seminary (n.) Seminal state.

Seminary (n.) Fig.: A seed bed; a source.

Seminary (n.) A Roman Catholic priest educated in a foreign seminary; a seminarist.

Semination (n.) The act of sowing or spreading.

Semination (n.) Natural dispersion of seeds.

Seminification (n.) Propagation from seed.

Seminist (n.) A believer in the old theory that the newly created being is formed by the admixture of the seed of the male with the supposed seed of the female.

Seminose (n.) A carbohydrate of the glucose group found in the thickened endosperm of certain seeds, and extracted as yellow sirup having a sweetish-bitter taste.

Seminymph (n.) The pupa of insects which undergo only a slight change in passing to the imago state.

Semiopal (n.) A variety of opal not possessing opalescence.

Semiotics (n.) Same as Semeiotics.

Semiparabola (n.) One branch of a parabola, being terminated at the principal vertex of the curve.

Semiped (n.) A half foot in poetry.

Semi-Pelagian (n.) A follower of John Cassianus, a French monk (died about 448), who modified the doctrines of Pelagius, by denying human merit, and maintaining the necessity of the Spirit's influence, while, on the other hand, he rejected the Augustinian doctrines of election, the inability of man to do good, and the certain perseverance of the saints.

Semi-Pelagianism (n.) The doctrines or tenets of the Semi-Pelagians.

Semipellucidity (n.) The qualiti or state of being imperfectly transparent.

Semopermanent (n.) Half or partly permanent.

Semiplume (n.) A feather which has a plumelike web, with the shaft of an ordinary feather.

Semiproof (n.) Half proof; evidence from the testimony of a single witness.

Semi pupa (n.) The young of an insect in a stage between the larva and pupa.

Semiquadrate (n.) Alt. of Semiquartile

Semiquartile (n.) An aspect of the planets when distant from each other the half of a quadrant, or forty-five degrees, or one sign and a half.

Semiquaver (n.) A note of half the duration of the quaver; -- now usually called a sixsteenth note.

Semiquintile (n.) An aspect of the planets when distant from each other half of the quintile, or thirty-six degrees.

Semiring (n.) One of the incomplete rings of the upper part of the bronchial tubes of most birds. The semerings form an essential part of the syrinx, or musical organ, of singing birds.

Semisavage (n.) One who is half savage.

Semisextile (n.) An aspect of the planets when they are distant from each other the twelfth part of a circle, or thirty degrees.

Semisoun (n.) A half sound; a low tone.

Semisteel (n.) Puddled steel.

Semita (n.) A fasciole of a spatangoid sea urchin.

Semitangent (n.) The tangent of half an arc.

Semite (n.) One belonging to the Semitic race. Also used adjectively.

Semitertian (n.) An intermittent combining the characteristics of a tertian and a quotidian.

Semitism (n.) A Semitic idiom; a word of Semitic origin.

Semitone (n.) Half a tone; -- the name commonly applied to the smaller intervals of the diatonic scale.

Semitransept (n.) The half of a transept; as, the north semitransept of a church.

Semitransparency (n.) Imperfect or partial transparency.

Semivitrification (n.) The quality or state of being semivitrified.

Semivitrification (n.) A substance imperfectly vitrified.

Semivowel (n.) A sound intermediate between a vowel and a consonant, or partaking of the nature of both, as in the English w and y.

Semivowel (n.) The sign or letter representing such a sound.

Semiweekly (n.) That which comes or happens once every half week, esp. a semiweekly periodical.

Semolella (n.) See Semolina.

Semolina (n.) The fine, hard parts of wheat, rounded by the attrition of the millstones, -- used in cookery.

Semolino (n.) Same as Semolina.

Semoule (n.) Same as Semolina.

Sempervive (n.) The houseleek.

Sempervivum (n.) A genus of fleshy-leaved plants, of which the houseleek (Sempervivum tectorum) is the commonest species.

Sempiternity (n.) Future duration without end; the relation or state of being sempiternal.

Sempster (n.) A seamster.

Sempstress (n.) A seamstress.

Sempstressy (n.) Seamstressy.

Semster (n.) A seamster.

Semuncia (n.) A Roman coin equivalent to one twenty-fourth part of a Roman pound.

Sen (n.) A Japanese coin, worth about one half of a cent.

Senate (n.) An assembly or council having the highest deliberative and legislative functions.

Senate (n.) A body of elders appointed or elected from among the nobles of the nation, and having supreme legislative authority.

Senate (n.) The upper and less numerous branch of a legislature in various countries, as in France, in the United States, in most of the separate States of the United States, and in some Swiss cantons.

Senate (n.) In general, a legislative body; a state council; the legislative department of government.

Senate (n.) The governing body of the Universities of Cambridge and London.

Senate (n.) In some American colleges, a council of elected students, presided over by the president of the college, to which are referred cases of discip

Senator (n.) A member of a senate.

Senator (n.) A member of the king's council; a king's councilor.

Senatorship (n.) The office or dignity of a senator.

Senatusconsult (n.) A decree of the Roman senate.

Send (n.) The impulse of a wave by which a vessel is carried bodily.

Sendal (n.) A light thin stuff of silk.

Sender (n.) One who sends.

Senecio (n.) A very large genus of composite plants including the groundsel and the golden ragwort.

Senectitude (n.) Old age.

Senega (n.) Seneca root.

Senegal (n.) Gum senegal. See under Gum.

Senegin (n.) A substance extracted from the rootstock of the Polygala Senega (Seneca root), and probably identical with polygalic acid.

Senescence (n.) The state of growing old; decay by time.

Seneschal (n.) An officer in the houses of princes and dignitaries, in the Middle Ages, who had the superintendence of feasts and domestic ceremonies; a steward. Sometimes the seneschal had the dispensing of justice, and was given high military commands.

Seneschalship (n.) The office, dignity, or jurisdiction of a seneschal.

Sengreen (n.) The houseleek.

Senility (n.) The quality or state of being senile; old age.

Senior (n.) A person who is older than another; one more advanced in life.

Senior (n.) One older in office, or whose entrance upon office was anterior to that of another; one prior in grade.

Senior (n.) An aged person; an older.

Senior (n.) One in the fourth or final year of his collegiate course at an American college; -- originally called senior sophister; also, one in the last year of the course at a professional schools or at a seminary.

Seniority (n.) The quality or state of being senior.

Seniory (n.) Seniority.

Senna (n.) The leaves of several leguminous plants of the genus Cassia. (C. acutifolia, C. angustifolia, etc.). They constitute a valuable but nauseous cathartic medicine.

Senna (n.) The plants themselves, native to the East, but now cultivated largely in the south of Europe and in the West Indies.

Sennachy (n.) See Seannachie.

Sennet (n.) A signal call on a trumpet or cornet for entrance or exit on the stage.

Sennet (n.) The barracuda.

Sennight (n.) The space of seven nights and days; a week.

Sennit (n.) A braided cord or fabric formed by plaiting together rope yarns or other small stuff.

Sennit (n.) Plaited straw or palm leaves for making hats.

Se?or (n.) A Spanish title of courtesy corresponding to the English Mr. or Sir; also, a gentleman.

Se?ora (n.) A Spanish title of courtesy given to a lady; Mrs.; Madam; also, a lady.

Se?orita (n.) A Spanish title of courtesy given to a young lady; Miss; also, a young lady.

Sensation (n.) An impression, or the consciousness of an impression, made upon the central nervous organ, through the medium of a sensory or afferent nerve or one of the organs of sense; a feeling, or state of consciousness, whether agreeable or disagreeable, produced either by an external object (stimulus), or by some change in the internal state of the body.

Sensation (n.) A purely spiritual or psychical affection; agreeable or disagreeable feelings occasioned by objects that are not corporeal or material.

Sensation (n.) A state of excited interest or feeling, or that which causes it.

Sensationalism (n.) The doctrine held by Condillac, and by some ascribed to Locke, that our ideas originate solely in sensation, and consist of sensations transformed; sensualism; -- opposed to intuitionalism, and rationalism.

Sensationalism (n.) The practice or methods of sensational writing or speaking; as, the sensationalism of a novel.

Sensationalist (n.) An advocate of, or believer in, philosophical sensationalism.

Sensationalist (n.) One who practices sensational writing or speaking.

Sensibility (n.) The quality or state of being sensible, or capable of sensation; capacity to feel or perceive.

Sensibility (n.) The capacity of emotion or feeling, as distinguished from the intellect and the will; peculiar susceptibility of impression, pleasurable or painful; delicacy of feeling; quick emotion or sympathy; as, sensibility to pleasure or pain; sensibility to shame or praise; exquisite sensibility; -- often used in the plural.

Sensibility (n.) Experience of sensation; actual feeling.

Sensibility (n.) That quality of an instrument which makes it indicate very slight changes of condition; delicacy; as, the sensibility of a balance, or of a thermometer.

Sensible (n.) Sensation; sensibility.

Sensible (n.) That which impresses itself on the sense; anything perceptible.

Sensible (n.) That which has sensibility; a sensitive being.

Sensibleness (n.) The quality or state of being sensible; sensibility; appreciation; capacity of perception; susceptibility.

Sensibleness (n.) Intelligence; reasonableness; good sense.

Sensism (n.) Same as Sensualism, 2 & 3.

Sensist (n.) One who, in philosophy, holds to sensism.

Sensitivity (n.) The quality or state of being sensitive; -- used chiefly in science and the arts; as, the sensitivity of iodized silver.

Sensitizer (n.) An agent that sensitizes.

Sensitory (n.) See Sensory.

Sensorium (n.) The seat of sensation; the nervous center or centers to which impressions from the external world must be conveyed before they can be perceived; the place where external impressions are localized, and transformed into sensations, prior to being reflected to other parts of the organism; hence, the whole nervous system, when animated, so far as it is susceptible of common or special sensations.

Sensery (n.) Same as Sensorium.

Sensualism (n.) The condition or character of one who is sensual; subjection to sensual feelings and appetite; sensuality.

Sensualism (n.) The doctrine that all our ideas, or the operations of the understanding, not only originate in sensation, but are transformed sensations, copies or relics of sensations; sensationalism; sensism.

Sensualism (n.) The regarding of the gratification of the senses as the highest good.

Sensualist (n.) One who is sensual; one given to the indulgence of the appetites or senses as the means of happiness.

Sensualist (n.) One who holds to the doctrine of sensualism.

Sensuality (n.) The quality or state of being sensual; devotedness to the gratification of the bodily appetites; free indulgence in carnal or sensual pleasures; luxuriousness; voluptuousness; lewdness.

Sensualization (n.) The act of sensualizing, or the state of being sensualized.

Sensualness (n.) Sensuality; flesh

Sensuism (n.) Sensualism.

Sensuosity (n.) The quality or state of being sensuous; sensuousness.

Sentence (n.) Sense; meaning; significance.

Sentence (n.) An opinion; a decision; a determination; a judgment, especially one of an unfavorable nature.

Sentence (n.) A philosophical or theological opinion; a dogma; as, Summary of the Sentences; Book of the Sentences.

Sentence (n.) In civil and admiralty law, the judgment of a court pronounced in a cause; in criminal and ecclesiastical courts, a judgment passed on a criminal by a court or judge; condemnation pronounced by a judgical tribunal; doom. In common law, the term is exclusively used to denote the judgment in criminal cases.

Sentence (n.) A short saying, usually containing moral instruction; a maxim; an axiom; a saw.

Sentence (n.) A combination of words which is complete as expressing a thought, and in writing is marked at the close by a period, or full point. See Proposition, 4.

Sentencer (n.) One who pronounced a sentence or condemnation.

Sententiarist (n.) A sententiary.

Sententiary (n.) One who read lectures, or commented, on the Sentences of Peter Lombard, Bishop of Paris (1159-1160), a school divine.

Sententiosity (n.) The quality or state of being sententious.

Sentery (n.) A sentry.

Senteur (n.) Scent.

Sentience (n.) Alt. of Sentiency

Sentiency (n.) The quality or state of being sentient; esp., the quality or state of having sensation.

Sentient (n.) One who has the faculty of perception; a sentient being.

Sentimentalism (n.) The quality of being sentimental; the character or behavior of a sentimentalist; sentimentality.

Sentimentalist (n.) One who has, or affects, sentiment or fine feeling.

Sentimentality (n.) The quality or state of being sentimental.

Sentine (n.) A place for dregs and dirt; a sink; a sewer.

Sentinel (n.) One who watches or guards; specifically (Mil.), a soldier set to guard an army, camp, or other place, from surprise, to observe the approach of danger, and give notice of it; a sentry.

Sentinel (n.) Watch; guard.

Sentinel (n.) A marine crab (Podophthalmus vigil) native of the Indian Ocean, remarkable for the great length of its eyestalks; -- called also sentinel crab.

Sentisection (n.) Painful vivisection; -- opposed to callisection.

Sentry (n.) A soldier placed on guard; a sentinel.

Sentry (n.) Guard; watch, as by a sentinel.

Sepal (n.) A leaf or division of the calyx.

Sepalody (n.) The metamorphosis of other floral organs into sepals or sepaloid bodies.

Separability (n.) Quality of being separable or divisible; divisibility; separableness.

Separation (n.) The act of separating, or the state of being separated, or separate.

Separation (n.) Chemical analysis.

Separation (n.) Divorce.

Separation (n.) The operation of removing water from steam.

Separatism (n.) The character or act of a separatist; disposition to withdraw from a church; the practice of so withdrawing.

Separatist (n.) One who withdraws or separates himself; especially, one who withdraws from a church to which he has belonged; a seceder from an established church; a dissenter; a nonconformist; a schismatic; a sectary.

Separator (n.) One who, or that which, separates.

Separator (n.) A device for depriving steam of particles of water mixed with it.

Separator (n.) An apparatus for sorting pulverized ores into grades, or separating them from gangue.

Separator (n.) An instrument used for spreading apart the threads of the warp in the loom, etc.

Separatory (n.) An apparatus used in separating, as a separating funnel.

Separatory (n.) A surgical instrument for separating the pericranium from the cranium.

Separatrix (n.) The decimal point; the dot placed at the left of a decimal fraction, to separate it from the whole number which it follows. The term is sometimes also applied to other marks of separation.

Sepawn (n.) See Supawn.

Sepelition (n.) Burial.

Sephen (n.) A large sting ray of the genus Trygon, especially T. sephen of the Indian Ocean and the Red Sea. The skin is an article of commerce.

Sepia (n.) The common European cuttlefish.

Sepia (n.) A genus comprising the common cuttlefish and numerous similar species. See Illustr. under Cuttlefish.

Sepia (n.) A pigment prepared from the ink, or black secretion, of the sepia, or cuttlefish. Treated with caustic potash, it has a rich brown color; and this mixed with a red forms Roman sepia. Cf. India ink, under India.

Sepiment (n.) Something that separates; a hedge; a fence.

Sepiolite (n.) Meerschaum. See Meerschaum.

Sepiostare (n.) The bone or shell of cuttlefish. See Illust. under Cuttlefish.

Sepon (n.) See Supawn.

Seposition (n.) The act of setting aside, or of giving up.

Sepoy (n.) A native of India employed as a soldier in the service of a European power, esp. of Great Britain; an Oriental soldier discip

Seppuku (n.) Same as Hara-kiri.

Sepsin (n.) A soluble poison (ptomaine) present in putrid blood. It is also formed in the putrefaction of proteid matter in general.

Sepsis (n.) The poisoning of the system by the introduction of putrescent material into the blood.

Sept (n.) A clan, tribe, or family, proceeding from a common progenitor; -- used especially of the ancient clans in Ireland.

Septaemia (n.) Septicaemia.

Septane (n.) See Heptane.

Septangle (n.) A figure which has seven angles; a heptagon.

Septarium (n.) A flattened concretionary nodule, usually of limestone, intersected within by cracks which are often filled with calcite, barite, or other minerals.

September (n.) The ninth month of the year, containing thurty days.

Septemberer (n.) A Setembrist.

Septembrist (n.) An agent in the massacres in Paris, committed in patriotic frenzy, on the 22d of September, 1792.

Septemtrioun (n.) Septentrion.

Septemvir (n.) One of a board of seven men associated in some office.

Septemvirate (n.) The office of septemvir; a government by septimvirs.

Septenary (n.) The number seven.

Septennate (n.) A period of seven years; as, the septennate during which the President of the French Republic holds office.

Septentrio (n.) The constellation Ursa Major.

Septentrion (n.) The north or northern regions.

Septentrionality (n.) Norther

Septet (n.) Alt. of Septette

Septette (n.) A set of seven persons or objects; as, a septet of singers.

Septette (n.) A musical composition for seven instruments or seven voices; -- called also septuor.

Septfoil (n.) A European herb, the tormentil. See Tormentil.

Septfoil (n.) An ornamental foliation having seven lobes. Cf. Cinquefoil, Quarterfoil, and Trefoil.

Septfoil (n.) A typical figure, consisting of seven equal segments of a circle, used to denote the gifts of the Holy Chost, the seven sacraments as recognized by the Roman Catholic Church, etc.

Septic (n.) A quantic of the seventh degree.

Septic (n.) A substance that promotes putrefaction.

Septicaemia (n.) A poisoned condition of the blood produced by the absorption into it of septic or putrescent material; blood poisoning. It is marked by chills, fever, prostration, and inflammation of the different serous membranes and of the lungs, kidneys, and other organs.

Septicity (n.) Tendency to putrefaction; septic quality.

Septillion (n.) According to the French method of numeration (which is followed also in the United States), the number expressed by a unit with twenty-four ciphers annexed. According to the English method, the number expressed by a unit with forty-two ciphers annexed. See Numeration.

Septimole (n.) A group of seven notes to be played in the time of four or six.

Septisyllable (n.) A word of seven syllables.

Septomaxillary (n.) A small bone between the nasal septum and the maxilla in many reptiles and amphibians.

Septuagenarian (n.) A person who is seventy years of age; a septuagenary.

Septuagenary (n.) A septuagenarian.

Septuagesima (n.) The third Sunday before Lent; -- so called because it is about seventy days before Easter.

Septuagint (n.) A Greek version of the Old Testament; -- so called because it was believed to be the work of seventy (or rather of seventy-two) translators.

Septuary (n.) Something composed of seven; a week.

Septulum (n.) A little septum; a division between small cavities or parts.

Septum (n.) A wall separating two cavities; a partition; as, the nasal septum.

Septum (n.) A partition that separates the cells of a fruit.

Septum (n.) One of the radial calcareous plates of a coral.

Septum (n.) One of the transverse partitions dividing the shell of a mollusk, or of a rhizopod, into several chambers. See Illust. under Nautilus.

Septum (n.) One of the transverse partitions dividing the body cavity of an annelid.

Septuor (n.) A septet.

Sepulcher (n.) Alt. of Sepulchre

Sepulchre (n.) The place in which the dead body of a human being is interred, or a place set apart for that purpose; a grave; a tomb.

Sepulture (n.) The act of depositing the dead body of a human being in the grave; burial; interment.

Sepulture (n.) A sepulcher; a grave; a place of burial.

Sequaciousness (n.) Quality of being sequacious.

Sequacity (n.) Quality or state of being sequacious; sequaciousness.

Sequel (n.) That which follows; a succeeding part; continuation; as, the sequel of a man's advantures or history.

Sequel (n.) Consequence; event; effect; result; as, let the sun cease, fail, or swerve, and the sequel would be ruin.

Sequel (n.) Conclusion; inference.

Sequela (n.) One who, or that which, follows.

Sequela (n.) An adherent, or a band or sect of adherents.

Sequela (n.) That which follows as the logical result of reasoning; inference; conclusion; suggestion.

Sequela (n.) A morbid phenomenon left as the result of a disease; a disease resulting from another.

Sequence (n.) The state of being sequent; succession; order of following; arrangement.

Sequence (n.) That which follows or succeeds as an effect; sequel; consequence; result.

Sequence (n.) Simple succession, or the coming after in time, without asserting or implying causative energy; as, the reactions of chemical agents may be conceived as merely invariable sequences.

Sequence (n.) Any succession of chords (or harmonic phrase) rising or falling by the regular diatonic degrees in the same scale; a succession of similar harmonic steps.

Sequence (n.) A melodic phrase or passage successively repeated one tone higher; a rosalia.

Sequence (n.) A hymn introduced in the Mass on certain festival days, and recited or sung immediately before the gospel, and after the gradual or introit, whence the name.

Sequence (n.) Three or more cards of the same suit in immediately consecutive order of value; as, ace, king, and queen; or knave, ten, nine, and eight.

Sequence (n.) All five cards, of a hand, in consecutive order as to value, but not necessarily of the same suit; when of one suit, it is called a sequence flush.

Sequent (n.) A follower.

Sequent (n.) That which follows as a result; a sequence.

Sequester (n.) Sequestration; separation.

Sequester (n.) A person with whom two or more contending parties deposit the subject matter of the controversy; one who mediates between two parties; a mediator; an umpire or referee.

Sequester (n.) Same as Sequestrum.

Seguestration (n.) The act of separating, or setting aside, a thing in controversy from the possession of both the parties that contend for it, to be delivered to the one adjudged entitled to it. It may be voluntary or involuntary.

Seguestration (n.) A prerogative process empowering certain commissioners to take and hold a defendant's property and receive the rents and profits thereof, until he clears himself of a contempt or performs a decree of the court.

Seguestration (n.) A kind of execution for a rent, as in the case of a beneficed clerk, of the profits of a benefice, till he shall have satisfied some debt established by decree; the gathering up of the fruits of a benefice during a vacancy, for the use of the next incumbent; the disposing of the goods, by the ordinary, of one who is dead, whose estate no man will meddle with.

Seguestration (n.) The seizure of the property of an individual for the use of the state; particularly applied to the seizure, by a belligerent power, of debts due from its subjects to the enemy.

Seguestration (n.) The state of being separated or set aside; separation; retirement; seclusion from society.

Seguestration (n.) Disunion; disjunction.

Sequestrator (n.) One who sequesters property, or takes the possession of it for a time, to satisfy a demand out of its rents or profits.

Sequestrator (n.) One to whom the keeping of sequestered property is committed.

Sequestrum (n.) A portion of dead bone which becomes separated from the sound portion, as in necrosis.

Sequin (n.) An old gold coin of Italy and Turkey. It was first struck at Venice about the end of the 13th century, and afterward in the other Italian cities, and by the Levant trade was introduced into Turkey. It is worth about 9s. 3d. sterling, or about $2.25. The different kinds vary somewhat in value.

Sequoia (n.) A genus of coniferous trees, consisting of two species, Sequoia Washingtoniana, syn. S. gigantea, the "big tree" of California, and S. sempervirens, the redwood, both of which attain an immense height.

Sequoiene (n.) A hydrocarbon (C13H10) obtained in white fluorescent crystals, in the distillation products of the needles of the California "big tree" (Sequoia gigantea).

Seraglio (n.) An inclosure; a place of separation.

Seraglio (n.) The palace of the Grand Seignior, or Turkish sultan, at Constantinople, inhabited by the sultan himself, and all the officers and dependents of his court. In it are also kept the females of the harem.

Seraglio (n.) A harem; a place for keeping wives or concubines; sometimes, loosely, a place of licentious pleasure; a house of debauchery.

Serai (n.) A palace; a seraglio; also, in the East, a place for the accommodation of travelers; a caravansary, or rest house.

Seralbumen (n.) Serum albumin.

Serang (n.) The boatswain of a Lascar or East Ondian crew.

Serape (n.) A blanket or shawl worn as an outer garment by the Spanish Americans, as in Mexico.

Seraph (n.) One of an order of celestial beings, each having three pairs of wings. In ecclesiastical art and in poetry, a seraph is represented as one of a class of angels.

Seraphicism (n.) The character, quality, or state of a seraph; seraphicalness.

Seraphim (n.) The Hebrew plural of Seraph. Cf. Cherubim.

Seraphina (n.) A seraphine.

Seraphine (n.) A wind instrument whose sounding parts are reeds, consisting of a thin tongue of brass playing freely through a slot in a plate. It has a case, like a piano, and is played by means of a similar keybord, the bellows being worked by the foot. The melodeon is a portable variety of this instrument.

Serapis (n.) An Egyptian deity, at first a symbol of the Nile, and so of fertility; later, one of the divinities of the lower world. His worship was introduced into Greece and Rome.

Seraskier (n.) A general or commander of land forces in the Turkish empire; especially, the commander-in-chief of minister of war.

Seraskierate (n.) The office or authority of a seraskier.

Sere (n.) Claw; talon.

Serein (n.) A mist, or very fine rain, which sometimes falls from a clear sky a few moments after sunset.

Serenade (n.) Music sung or performed in the open air at nights; -- usually applied to musical entertainments given in the open air at night, especially by gentlemen, in a spirit of gallantry, under the windows of ladies.

Serenade (n.) A piece of music suitable to be performed at such times.

Serenader (n.) One who serenades.

Serenata (n.) Alt. of Serenate

Serenate (n.) A piece of vocal music, especially one on an amoreus subject; a serenade.

Serene (n.) Serenity; clearness; calmness.

Serene (n.) Evening air; night chill.

Sereneness (n.) Serenity.

Serenitude (n.) Serenity.

Serenity (n.) The quality or state of being serene; clearness and calmness; quietness; stillness; peace.

Serenity (n.) Calmness of mind; eveness of temper; undisturbed state; coolness; composure.

Serfage (n.) Alt. of Serfdom

Serfdom (n.) The state or condition of a serf.

Serfhood (n.) Alt. of Serfism

Serfism (n.) Serfage.

Serge (n.) A woolen twilled stuff, much used as material for clothing for both sexes.

Serge (n.) A large wax candle used in the ceremonies of various churches.

Sergeancy (n.) The office of a sergeant; sergeantship.

Sergeant (n.) Formerly, in England, an officer nearly answering to the more modern bailiff of the hundred; also, an officer whose duty was to attend on the king, and on the lord high steward in court, to arrest traitors and other offenders. He is now called sergeant-at-arms, and two of these officers, by allowance of the sovereign, attend on the houses of Parliament (one for each house) to execute their commands, and another attends the Court Chancery.

Sergeant (n.) In a company, battery, or troop, a noncommissioned officer next in rank above a corporal, whose duty is to instruct recruits in discip

Sergeant (n.) A lawyer of the highest rank, answering to the doctor of the civil law; -- called also serjeant at law.

Sergeant (n.) A title sometimes given to the servants of the sovereign; as, sergeant surgeon, that is, a servant, or attendant, surgeon.

Sergeant (n.) The cobia.

Sergeantcy (n.) Same as Sergeancy.

Sergeantry (n.) See Sergeanty.

Sergeantship (n.) The office of sergeant.

Sergeanty (n.) Tenure of lands of the crown by an honorary kind of service not due to any lord, but to the king only.

Serial (n.) A publication appearing in a series or succession of part; a tale, or other writing, published in successive numbers of a periodical.

Seriality (n.) The quality or state of succession in a series; sequence.

Seriation (n.) Arrangement or position in a series.

Sericin (n.) A gelatinous nitrogenous material extracted from crude silk and other similar fiber by boiling water; -- called also silk gelatin.

Sericite (n.) A kind of muscovite occuring in silky scales having a fibrous structure. It is characteristic of sericite schist.

Sericterium (n.) A silk gland, as in the silkworms.

Sericulture (n.) The raising of silkworms.

Serie (n.) Series.

Seriema (n.) A large South American bird (Dicholophus, / Cariama cristata) related to the cranes. It is often domesticated. Called also cariama.

Series (n.) A number of things or events standing or succeeding in order, and connected by a like relation; sequence; order; course; a succession of things; as, a continuous series of calamitous events.

Series (n.) Any comprehensive group of animals or plants including several subordinate related groups.

Series (n.) An indefinite number of terms succeeding one another, each of which is derived from one or more of the preceding by a fixed law, called the law of the series; as, an arithmetical series; a geometrical series.

Serin (n.) A European finch (Serinus hortulanus) closely related to the canary.

Serine (n.) A white crystal

Seriph (n.) See Ceriph.

Sermocination (n.) The making of speeches or sermons; sermonizing.

Sermocinator (n.) One who makes sermons or speeches.

Sermon (n.) A discourse or address; a talk; a writing; as, the sermons of Chaucer.

Sermon (n.) Specifically, a discourse delivered in public, usually by a clergyman, for the purpose of religious instruction and grounded on some text or passage of Scripture.

Sermon (n.) Hence, a serious address; a lecture on one's conduct or duty; an exhortation or reproof; a homily; -- often in a depreciatory sense.

Sermoneer (n.) A sermonizer.

Sermoner (n.) A preacher; a sermonizer.

Sermonet (n.) A short sermon.

Sermoning (n.) The act of discoursing; discourse; instruction; preaching.

Sermonist (n.) See Sermonizer.

Sermonizer (n.) One who sermonizes.

Serolin (n.) A peculiar fatty substance found in the blood, probably a mixture of fats, cholesterin, etc.

Serolin (n.) A body found in fecal matter and thought to be formed in the intestines from the cholesterin of the bile; -- called also stercorin, and stercolin.

Seron (n.) Alt. of Seroon

Seroon (n.) Same as Ceroon.

Serosity (n.) The quality or state of being serous.

Serosity (n.) A thin watery animal fluid, as synovial fluid and pericardial fluid.

Serotine (n.) The European long-eared bat (Vesperugo serotinus).

Serow (n.) Alt. of Surrow

Surrow (n.) The thar.

Serpens (n.) A constellation represented as a serpent held by Serpentarius.

Serpent (n.) Any reptile of the order Ophidia; a snake, especially a large snake. See Illust. under Ophidia.

Serpent (n.) Fig.: A subtle, treacherous, malicious person.

Serpent (n.) A species of firework having a serpentine motion as it passess through the air or along the ground.

Serpent (n.) The constellation Serpens.

Serpent (n.) A bass wind instrument, of a loud and coarse tone, formerly much used in military bands, and sometimes introduced into the orchestra; -- so called from its form.

Serpentarius (n.) A constellation on the equator, lying between Scorpio and Hercules; -- called also Ophiuchus.

Serpentine (n.) A mineral or rock consisting chiefly of the hydrous silicate of magnesia. It is usually of an obscure green color, often with a spotted or mottled appearance resembling a serpent's skin. Precious, or noble, serpentine is translucent and of a rich oil-green color.

Serpentine (n.) A kind of ancient cannon.

Serpentinian (n.) See 2d Ophite.

Serpentry (n.) A winding like a serpent's.

Serpentry (n.) A place inhabited or infested by serpents.

Serpet (n.) A basket.

Serpette (n.) A pruning knife with a curved blade.

Serpigo (n.) A dry, scaly eruption on the skin; especially, a ringworm.

Serpolet (n.) Wild thyme.

Serpula (n.) Any one of numerous species of tubicolous annelids of the genus Serpula and allied genera of the family Serpulidae. They secrete a calcareous tube, which is usually irregularly contorted, but is sometimes spirally coiled. The worm has a wreath of plumelike and often bright-colored gills around its head, and usually an operculum to close the aperture of its tube when it retracts.

Serpulian (n.) Alt. of Serpulidan

Serpulidan (n.) A serpula.

Serpulite (n.) A fossil serpula shell.

Serranoid (n.) Any fish of the family Serranidae, which includes the striped bass, the black sea bass, and many other food fishes.

Serration (n.) Condition of being serrate; formation in the shape of a saw.

Serration (n.) One of the teeth in a serrate or serrulate margin.

Serrator (n.) The ivory gull (Larus eburneus).

Serrature (n.) A notching, like that between the teeth of a saw, in the edge of anything.

Serrature (n.) One of the teeth in a serrated edge; a serration.

Serricorn (n.) Any one of a numerous tribe of beetles (Serricornia). The joints of the antennae are prominent, thus producing a serrate appearance. See Illust. under Antenna.

Serrula (n.) The red-breasted merganser.

Serrulation (n.) The state of being notched minutely, like a fine saw.

Serrulation (n.) One of the teeth in a serrulate margin.

Sertularia (n.) A genus of delicate branching hydroids having small sessile hydrothecae along the sides of the branches.

Sertularian (n.) Any species of Sertularia, or of Sertularidae, a family of hydroids having branched chitinous stems and simple sessile hydrothecae. Also used adjectively.

Serum (n.) The watery portion of certain animal fluids, as blood, milk, etc.

Serum (n.) A thin watery fluid, containing more or less albumin, secreted by the serous membranes of the body, such as the pericardium and peritoneum.

Servage (n.) Serfage; slavery; servitude.

Serval (n.) An African wild cat (Felis serval) of moderate size. It has rather long legs and a tail of moderate length. Its color is tawny, with black spots on the body and rings of black on the tail.

Servant (n.) One who serves, or does services, voluntarily or on compulsion; a person who is employed by another for menial offices, or for other labor, and is subject to his command; a person who labors or exerts himself for the benefit of another, his master or employer; a subordinate helper.

Servant (n.) One in a state of subjection or bondage.

Servant (n.) A professed lover or suitor; a gallant.

Servantess (n.) A maidservant.

Servantry (n.) A body of servants; servants, collectively.

Server (n.) One who serves.

Server (n.) A tray for dishes; a salver.

Servian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Servia.

Service (n.) The act of serving; the occupation of a servant; the performance of labor for the benefit of another, or at another's command; attendance of an inferior, hired helper, slave, etc., on a superior, employer, master, or the like; also, spiritual obedience and love.

Service (n.) The deed of one who serves; labor performed for another; duty done or required; office.

Service (n.) Office of devotion; official religious duty performed; religious rites appropriate to any event or ceremonial; as, a burial service.

Service (n.) Hence, a musical composition for use in churches.

Service (n.) Duty performed in, or appropriate to, any office or charge; official function; hence, specifically, military or naval duty; performance of the duties of a soldier.

Service (n.) Useful office; advantage conferred; that which promotes interest or happiness; benefit; avail.

Service (n.) Profession of respect; acknowledgment of duty owed.

Service (n.) The act and manner of bringing food to the persons who eat it; order of dishes at table; also, a set or number of vessels ordinarily used at table; as, the service was tardy and awkward; a service of plate or glass.

Service (n.) The act of bringing to notice, either actually or constructively, in such manner as is prescribed by law; as, the service of a subp/na or an attachment.

Service (n.) The materials used for serving a rope, etc., as spun yarn, small

Service (n.) The act of serving the ball.

Service (n.) Act of serving or covering. See Serve, v. t., 13.

Serviceage (n.) Servitude.

Serviette (n.) A table napkin.

Servile (n.) An element which forms no part of the original root; -- opposed to radical.

Servileness (n.) Quality of being servile; servility.

Servility (n.) The quality or state of being servile; servileness.

Servite (n.) One of the order of the Religious Servants of the Holy Virgin, founded in Florence in 1223.

Servifor (n.) One who serves; a servant; an attendant; one who acts under another; a follower or adherent.

Servifor (n.) An undergraduate, partly supported by the college funds, whose duty it formerly was to wait at table. A servitor corresponded to a sizar in Cambridge and Dublin universities.

Servitorship (n.) The office, rank, or condition of a servitor.

Servitude (n.) The state of voluntary or compulsory subjection to a master; the condition of being bound to service; the condition of a slave; slavery; bondage; hence, a state of slavish dependence.

Servitude (n.) Servants, collectively.

Servitude (n.) A right whereby one thing is subject to another thing or person for use or convenience, contrary to the common right.

Serviture (n.) Servants, collectively.

Servitute (n.) Servitude.

Serye (n.) A series.

Sesame (n.) Either of two annual herbaceous plants of the genus Sesamum (S. Indicum, and S. orientale), from the seeds of which an oil is expressed; also, the small obovate, flattish seeds of these plants, sometimes used as food. See Benne.

Sesamoid (n.) A sesamoid bone or cartilage.

Sesban (n.) A leguminous shrub (Sesbania aculeata) which furnishes a fiber used for making ropes.

Sesquialter (n.) Alt. of Sesquialtera

Sesquialtera (n.) A stop on the organ, containing several ranks of pipes which reenforce some of the high harmonics of the ground tone, and make the sound more brilliant.

Sesquioxide (n.) An oxide containing three atoms of oxygen with two atoms (or radicals) of some other substance; thus, alumina, Al2O3 is a sesquioxide.

Sesquipedalianism (n.) Alt. of Sesquipedalism

Sesquipedalism (n.) Sesquipedality.

Sesqyipedality (n.) The quality or condition of being sesquipedal.

Sesqyipedality (n.) The use of sesquipedalian words; style characterized by the use of long words; sesquipedalism.

Sesquisalt (n.) A salt derived from a sesquioxide base, or made up on the proportions of a sesqui compound.

Sesquisulphide (n.) A sulphide, analogous to a sesquioxide, containing three atoms of sulphur to two of the other ingredient; -- formerly called also sesquisulphuret; as, orpiment, As2S3 is arsenic sesquisulphide.

Sesquitone (n.) A minor third, or interval of three semitones.

Sess (n.) A tax; an assessment. See Cess.

Session (n.) The act of sitting, or the state of being seated.

Session (n.) The actual sitting of a court, council, legislature, etc., or the actual assembly of the members of such a body, for the transaction of business.

Session (n.) Hence, also, the time, period, or term during which a court, council, legislature, etc., meets daily for business; or, the space of time between the first meeting and the prorogation or adjournment; thus, a session of Parliaments is opened with a speech from the throne, and closed by prorogation. The session of a judicial court is called a term.

Sesspool (n.) Same as Cesspool.

Sesterce (n.) A Roman coin or denomination of money, in value the fourth part of a denarius, and originally containing two asses and a half, afterward four asses, -- equal to about two pence sterling, or four cents.

Sestet (n.) A piece of music composed for six voices or six instruments; a sextet; -- called also sestuor.

Sestet (n.) The last six

Sestetto (n.) A sestet.

Sestine (n.) See Sextain.

Sestuor (n.) A sestet.

Set (n.) The act of setting, as of the sun or other heavenly body; descent; hence, the close; termination.

Set (n.) That which is set, placed, or fixed.

Set (n.) A young plant for growth; as, a set of white thorn.

Set (n.) That which is staked; a wager; a venture; a stake; hence, a game at venture.

Set (n.) Permanent change of figure in consequence of excessive strain, as from compression, tension, bending, twisting, etc.; as, the set of a spring.

Set (n.) A kind of punch used for bending, indenting, or giving shape to, metal; as, a saw set.

Set (n.) A piece placed temporarily upon the head of a pile when the latter cannot be reached by the weight, or hammer, except by means of such an intervening piece.

Set (n.) A short steel spike used for driving the head of a nail below the surface.

Set (n.) A number of things of the same kind, ordinarily used or classed together; a collection of articles which naturally complement each other, and usually go together; an assortment; a suit; as, a set of chairs, of china, of surgical or mathematical instruments, of books, etc.

Set (n.) A number of persons associated by custom, office, common opinion, quality, or the like; a division; a group; a clique.

Set (n.) Direction or course; as, the set of the wind, or of a current.

Set (n.) In dancing, the number of persons necessary to execute a quadrille; also, the series of figures or movements executed.

Set (n.) The deflection of a tooth, or of the teeth, of a saw, which causes the the saw to cut a kerf, or make an opening, wider than the blade.

Set (n.) A young oyster when first attached.

Set (n.) Collectively, the crop of young oysters in any locality.

Set (n.) A series of as many games as may be necessary to enable one side to win six. If at the end of the tenth game the score is a tie, the set is usually called a deuce set, and decided by an application of the rules for playing off deuce in a game. See Deuce.

Set (n.) That dimension of the body of a type called by printers the width.

Seta (n.) Any slender, more or less rigid, bristlelike organ or part; as the hairs of a caterpillar, the slender spines of a crustacean, the hairlike processes of a protozoan, the bristles or stiff hairs on the leaves of some plants, or the pedicel of the capsule of a moss.

Seta (n.) One of the movable chitinous spines or hooks of an annelid. They usually arise in clusters from muscular capsules, and are used in locomotion and for defense. They are very diverse in form.

Seta (n.) One of the spinelike feathers at the base of the bill of certain birds.

Setback (n.) Offset, n., 4.

Setback (n.) A backset; a countercurrent; an eddy.

Setback (n.) A backset; a check; a repulse; a reverse; a relapse.

Setbolt (n.) An iron pin, or bolt, for fitting planks closely together.

Setbolt (n.) A bolt used for forcing another bolt out of its hole.

Setdown (n.) The humbling of a person by act or words, especially by a retort or a reproof; the retort or the reproof which has such effect.

Setee (n.) See 2d Settee.

Setewale (n.) See Cetewale.

Set-fair (n.) In plastering, a particularly good troweled surface.

Setfoil (n.) See Septfoil.

Setiger (n.) An annelid having setae; a chaetopod.

Setim (n.) See Shittim.

Setireme (n.) A swimming leg (of an insect) having a fringe of hairs on the margin.

Setness (n.) The quality or state of being set; formality; obstinacy.

Set-off (n.) That which is set off against another thing; an offset.

Set-off (n.) That which is used to improve the appearance of anything; a decoration; an ornament.

Set-off (n.) A counterclaim; a cross debt or demand; a distinct claim filed or set up by the defendant against the plaintiff's demand.

Set-off (n.) Same as Offset, n., 4.

Set-off (n.) See Offset, 7.

Seton (n.) A few silk threads or horsehairs, or a strip of

Setout (n.) A display, as of plate, equipage, etc.; that which is displayed.

Sett (n.) See Set, n., 2 (e) and 3.

Settee (n.) A long seat with a back, -- made to accommodate several persons at once.

Settee (n.) A vessel with a very long, sharp prow, carrying two or three masts with lateen sails, -- used in the Mediterranean.

Setter (n.) One who, or that which, sets; -- used mostly in composition with a noun, as typesetter; or in combination with an adverb, as a setter on (or inciter), a setter up, a setter forth.

Setter (n.) A hunting dog of a special breed originally derived from a cross between the spaniel and the pointer. Modern setters are usually trained to indicate the position of game birds by standing in a fixed position, but originally they indicated it by sitting or crouching.

Setter (n.) One who hunts victims for sharpers.

Setter (n.) One who adapts words to music in composition.

Setter (n.) An adornment; a decoration; -- with off.

Setter (n.) A shallow seggar for porcelain.

Setterwort (n.) The bear's-foot (Helleborus f/tidus); -- so called because the root was used in settering, or inserting setons into the dewlaps of cattle. Called also pegroots.

Setting (n.) The act of one who, or that which, sets; as, the setting of type, or of gems; the setting of the sun; the setting (hardening) of moist plaster of Paris; the setting (set) of a current.

Setting (n.) The act of marking the position of game, as a setter does; also, hunting with a setter.

Setting (n.) Something set in, or inserted.

Setting (n.) That in which something, as a gem, is set; as, the gold setting of a jeweled pin.

Settle (n.) A seat of any kind.

Settle (n.) A bench; especially, a bench with a high back.

Settle (n.) A place made lower than the rest; a wide step or platform lower than some other part.

Settle (n.) To place in a fixed or permanent condition; to make firm, steady, or stable; to establish; to fix; esp., to establish in life; to fix in business, in a home, or the like.

Settle (n.) To establish in the pastoral office; to ordain or install as pastor or rector of a church, society, or parish; as, to settle a minister.

Settle (n.) To cause to be no longer in a disturbed condition; to render quiet; to still; to calm; to compose.

Settle (n.) To clear of dregs and impurities by causing them to sink; to render pure or clear; -- said of a liquid; as, to settle coffee, or the grounds of coffee.

Settle (n.) To restore or bring to a smooth, dry, or passable condition; -- said of the ground, of roads, and the like; as, clear weather settles the roads.

Settle (n.) To cause to sink; to lower; to depress; hence, also, to render close or compact; as, to settle the contents of a barrel or bag by shaking it.

Settle (n.) To determine, as something which is exposed to doubt or question; to free from unscertainty or wavering; to make sure, firm, or constant; to establish; to compose; to quiet; as, to settle the mind when agitated; to settle questions of law; to settle the succession to a throne; to settle an allowance.

Settle (n.) To adjust, as something in discussion; to make up; to compose; to pacify; as, to settle a quarrel.

Settle (n.) To adjust, as accounts; to liquidate; to balance; as, to settle an account.

Settle (n.) Hence, to pay; as, to settle a bill.

Settle (n.) To plant with inhabitants; to colonize; to people; as, the French first settled Canada; the Puritans settled New England; Plymouth was settled in 1620.

Settledness (n.) The quality or state of being settled; confirmed state.

Settlement (n.) The act of setting, or the state of being settled.

Settlement (n.) Establishment in life, in business, condition, etc.; ordination or installation as pastor.

Settlement (n.) The act of peopling, or state of being peopled; act of planting, as a colony; colonization; occupation by settlers; as, the settlement of a new country.

Settlement (n.) The act or process of adjusting or determining; composure of doubts or differences; pacification; liquidation of accounts; arrangement; adjustment; as, settlement of a controversy, of accounts, etc.

Settlement (n.) Bestowal, or giving possession, under legal sanction; the act of giving or conferring anything in a formal and permanent manner.

Settlement (n.) A disposition of property for the benefit of some person or persons, usually through the medium of trustees, and for the benefit of a wife, children, or other relatives; jointure granted to a wife, or the act of granting it.

Settlement (n.) That which settles, or is settled, established, or fixed.

Settlement (n.) Matter that subsides; settlings; sediment; lees; dregs.

Settlement (n.) A colony newly established; a place or region newly settled; as, settlement in the West.

Settlement (n.) That which is bestowed formally and permanently; the sum secured to a person; especially, a jointure made to a woman at her marriage; also, in the United States, a sum of money or other property formerly granted to a pastor in additional to his salary.

Settlement (n.) The gradual sinking of a building, whether by the yielding of the ground under the foundation, or by the compression of the joints or the material.

Settlement (n.) Fractures or dislocations caused by settlement.

Settlement (n.) A settled place of abode; residence; a right growing out of residence; legal residence or establishment of a person in a particular parish or town, which entitles him to maintenance if a pauper, and subjects the parish or town to his support.

Settler (n.) One who settles, becomes fixed, established, etc.

Settler (n.) Especially, one who establishes himself in a new region or a colony; a colonist; a planter; as, the first settlers of New England.

Settler (n.) That which settles or finishes; hence, a blow, etc., which settles or decides a contest.

Settler (n.) A vessel, as a tub, in which something, as pulverized ore suspended in a liquid, is allowed to settle.

Settling (n.) The act of one who, or that which, settles; the act of establishing one's self, of colonizing, subsiding, adjusting, etc.

Settling (n.) That which settles at the bottom of a liquid; lees; dregs; sediment.

Set-to (n.) A contest in boxing, in an argument, or the like.

Setula (n.) A small, short hair or bristle; a small seta.

Setule (n.) A setula.

Setwall (n.) A plant formerly valued for its restorative qualities (Valeriana officinalis, or V. Pyrenaica).

Seven (n.) The number greater by one than six; seven units or objects.

Seven (n.) A symbol representing seven units, as 7, or vii.

Sevennight (n.) A week; any period of seven consecutive days and nights. See Sennight.

Seven-shooter (n.) A firearm, esp. a pistol, with seven barrels or chambers for cartridges, or one capable of firing seven shots without reloading.

Seventeen (n.) The number greater by one than sixteen; the sum of ten and seven; seventeen units or objects.

Seventeen (n.) A symbol denoting seventeen units, as 17, or xvii.

Seventeenth (n.) The next in order after the sixteenth; one coming after sixteen others.

Seventeenth (n.) The quotient of a unit divided by seventeen; one of seventeen equal parts or divisions of one whole.

Seventeenth (n.) An interval of two octaves and a third.

Seventh (n.) One next in order after the sixth; one coming after six others.

Seventh (n.) The quotient of a unit divided by seven; one of seven equal parts into which anything is divided.

Seventh (n.) An interval embracing seven diatonic degrees of the scale.

Seventh (n.) A chord which includes the interval of a seventh whether major, minor, or diminished.

Seventieth (n.) One next in order after the sixty-ninth.

Seventieth (n.) The quotient of a unit divided by seventy; one of seventy equal parts or fractions.

Seventy (n.) The sum of seven times ten; seventy units or objects.

Seventy (n.) A symbol representing seventy units, as 70, or lxx.

Seventy-four (n.) A naval vessel carrying seventy-four guns.

Seven-up (n.) The game of cards called also all fours, and old sledge.

Several (n.) Each particular taken singly; an item; a detail; an individual.

Several (n.) Persons oe objects, more than two, but not very many.

Several (n.) An inclosed or separate place; inclosure.

Severality (n.) Each particular taken singly; distinction.

Severalty (n.) A state of separation from the rest, or from all others; a holding by individual right.

Severance (n.) The act of severing, or the state of being severed; partition; separation.

Severance (n.) The act of dividing; the singling or severing of two or more that join, or are joined, in one writ; the putting in several or separate pleas or answers by two or more disjointly; the destruction of the unity of interest in a joint estate.

Severity (n.) The quality or state of being severe.

Severity (n.) Gravity or austerity; extreme strictness; rigor; harshness; as, the severity of a reprimand or a reproof; severity of discip

Severity (n.) The quality or power of distressing or paining; extreme degree; extremity; intensity; inclemency; as, the severity of pain or anguish; the severity of cold or heat; the severity of the winter.

Severity (n.) Harshness; cruel treatment; sharpness of punishment; as, severity practiced on prisoners of war.

Severity (n.) Exactness; rigorousness; strictness; as, the severity of a test.

Severy (n.) A bay or compartment of a vaulted ceiling.

Sevocation (n.) A calling aside.

Sew (n.) Juice; gravy; a seasoned dish; a delicacy.

Sewage (n.) The contents of a sewer or drain; refuse liquids or matter carried off by sewers

Sewage (n.) Sewerage, 2.

Sewel (n.) A scarecrow, generally made of feathers tied to a string, hung up to prevent deer from breaking into a place.

Sewellel (n.) A peculiar gregarious burrowing rodent (Haplodon rufus), native of the coast region of the Northwestern United States. It somewhat resembles a muskrat or marmot, but has only a rudimentary tail. Its head is broad, its eyes are small and its fur is brownish above, gray beneath. It constitutes the family Haplodontidae. Called also boomer, showt'l, and mountain beaver.

Sewen (n.) A British trout usually regarded as a variety (var. Cambricus) of the salmon trout.

Sewer (n.) One who sews, or stitches.

Sewer (n.) A small tortricid moth whose larva sews together the edges of a leaf by means of silk; as, the apple-leaf sewer (Phoxopteris nubeculana)

Sewer (n.) A drain or passage to carry off water and filth under ground; a subterraneous channel, particularly in cities.

Sewer (n.) Formerly, an upper servant, or household officer, who set on and removed the dishes at a feast, and who also brought water for the hands of the guests.

Sewerage (n.) The construction of a sewer or sewers.

Sewerage (n.) The system of sewers in a city, town, etc.; the general drainage of a city or town by means of sewers.

Sewerage (n.) The material collected in, and discharged by, sewers.

Sewin (n.) Same as Sewen.

Sewing (n.) The act or occupation of one who sews.

Sewing (n.) That which is sewed with the needle.

Sewster (n.) A seamstress.

Sex (n.) The distinguishing peculiarity of male or female in both animals and plants; the physical difference between male and female; the assemblage of properties or qualities by which male is distinguished from female.

Sex (n.) One of the two divisions of organic beings formed on the distinction of male and female.

Sex (n.) The capability in plants of fertilizing or of being fertilized; as, staminate and pistillate flowers are of opposite sexes.

Sex (n.) One of the groups founded on this distinction.

Sexagenarian (n.) A person who is sixty years old.

Sexagenary (n.) Something composed of sixty parts or divisions.

Sexagenary (n.) A sexagenarian.

Sexagesima (n.) The second Sunday before Lent; -- so called as being about the sixtieth day before Easter.

Sexagesimal (n.) A sexagesimal fraction.

Sexangle (n.) A hexagon.

Sexdigitism (n.) The state of having six fingers on a hand, or six toes on a foot.

Sexdigitist (n.) One who has six fingers on a hand, or six toes on a foot.

Sexennial (n.) A sexennial event.

Sexisyllable (n.) A word of six syllables.

Sext (n.) The office for the sixth canonical hour, being a part of the Breviary.

Sext (n.) The sixth book of the decretals, added by Pope Boniface VIII.

Sextain (n.) A stanza of six

Sextans (n.) A Roman coin, the sixth part of an as.

Sextans (n.) A constellation on the equator south of Leo; the Sextant.

Sextant (n.) The sixth part of a circle.

Sextant (n.) An instrument for measuring angular distances between objects, -- used esp. at sea, for ascertaining the latitude and longitude. It is constructed on the same optical principle as Hadley's quadrant, but usually of metal, with a nicer graduation, telescopic sight, and its arc the sixth, and sometimes the third, part of a circle. See Quadrant.

Sextant (n.) The constellation Sextans.

Sextary (n.) An ancient Roman liquid and dry measure, about equal to an English pint.

Sextary (n.) A sacristy.

Sextet (n.) Alt. of Sextetto

Sextetto (n.) See Sestet.

Sexteyn (n.) A sacristan.

Sextic (n.) A quantic of the sixth degree.

Sextile (n.) The aspect or position of two planets when distant from each other sixty degrees, or two signs. This position is marked thus: /.

Sextillion (n.) According to the method of numeration (which is followed also in the United States), the number expressed by a unit with twenty-one ciphers annexed. According to the English method, a million raised to the sixth power, or the number expressed by a unit with thirty-six ciphers annexed. See Numeration.

Sexto (n.) A book consisting of sheets each of which is folded into six leaves.

Sextodecimo (n.) A book composed of sheets each of which is folded into sixteen leaves; hence, indicating, more or less definitely, a size of a book; -- usually written 16mo, or 16!.

Sextolet (n.) A double triplet; a group of six equal notes played in the time of four.

Sexton (n.) An under officer of a church, whose business is to take care of the church building and the vessels, vestments, etc., belonging to the church, to attend on the officiating clergyman, and to perform other duties pertaining to the church, such as to dig graves, ring the bell, etc.

Sextoness (n.) A female sexton; a sexton's wife.

Sextonry (n.) Sextonship.

Sextonship (n.) The office of a sexton.

Sextry (n.) See Sacristy.

Sexualist (n.) One who classifies plants by the sexual method of Linnaeus.

Sexuality (n.) The quality or state of being distinguished by sex.

Seynt (n.) A gridle. See 1st Seint.

Shab (n.) The itch in animals; also, a scab.

Shabbiness (n.) The quality or state of being sghabby.

Shabble (n.) Alt. of Shabble

Shabble (n.) A kind of crooked sword or hanger.

Shabby (n.) Torn or worn to rage; poor; mean; ragged.

Shabby (n.) Clothed with ragged, much worn, or soiled garments.

Shabby (n.) Mean; paltry; despicable; as, shabby treatment.

Shabrack (n.) The saddlecloth or housing of a cavalry horse.

Shack (n.) The grain left after harvest or gleaning; also, nuts which have fallen to the ground.

Shack (n.) Liberty of winter pasturage.

Shack (n.) A shiftless fellow; a low, itinerant beggar; a vagabond; a tramp.

Shackatory (n.) A hound.

Shackle (n.) Stubble.

Shackle (n.) Something which confines the legs or arms so as to prevent their free motion; specifically, a ring or band inclosing the ankle or wrist, and fastened to a similar shackle on the other leg or arm, or to something else, by a chain or a strap; a gyve; a fetter.

Shackle (n.) Hence, that which checks or prevents free action.

Shackle (n.) A fetterlike band worn as an ornament.

Shackle (n.) A link or loop, as in a chain, fitted with a movable bolt, so that the parts can be separated, or the loop removed; a clevis.

Shackle (n.) A link for connecting railroad cars; -- called also drawlink, draglink, etc.

Shackle (n.) The hinged and curved bar of a padlock, by which it is hung to the staple.

Shacklock (n.) A sort of shackle.

Shadbird (n.) The American, or Wilson's, snipe. See under Snipe. So called because it appears at the same time as the shad.

Shadbird (n.) The common European sandpiper.

Shadd (n.) Rounded stones containing tin ore, lying at the surface of the ground, and indicating a vein.

Shaddock (n.) A tree (Citrus decumana) and its fruit, which is a large species of orange; -- called also forbidden fruit, and pompelmous.

Shade (n.) Comparative obscurity owing to interception or interruption of the rays of light; partial darkness caused by the intervention of something between the space contemplated and the source of light.

Shade (n.) Darkness; obscurity; -- often in the plural.

Shade (n.) An obscure place; a spot not exposed to light; hence, a secluded retreat.

Shade (n.) That which intercepts, or shelters from, light or the direct rays of the sun; hence, also, that which protects from heat or currents of air; a screen; protection; shelter; cover; as, a lamp shade.

Shade (n.) Shadow.

Shade (n.) The soul after its separation from the body; -- so called because the ancients it to be perceptible to the sight, though not to the touch; a spirit; a ghost; as, the shades of departed heroes.

Shade (n.) The darker portion of a picture; a less illuminated part. See Def. 1, above.

Shade (n.) Degree or variation of color, as darker or lighter, stronger or paler; as, a delicate shade of pink.

Shade (n.) A minute difference or variation, as of thought, belief, expression, etc.; also, the quality or degree of anything which is distinguished from others similar by slight differences; as, the shades of meaning in synonyms.

Shader (n.) One who, or that which, shades.

Shadiness (n.) Quality or state of being shady.

Shading (n.) Act or process of making a shade.

Shading (n.) That filling up which represents the effect of more or less darkness, expressing rotundity, projection, etc., in a picture or a drawing.

Shadoof (n.) A machine, resembling a well sweep, used in Egypt for raising water from the Nile for irrigation.

Shadow (n.) Shade within defined limits; obscurity or deprivation of light, apparent on a surface, and representing the form of the body which intercepts the rays of light; as, the shadow of a man, of a tree, or of a tower. See the Note under Shade, n., 1.

Shadow (n.) Darkness; shade; obscurity.

Shadow (n.) A shaded place; shelter; protection; security.

Shadow (n.) A reflected image, as in a mirror or in water.

Shadow (n.) That which follows or attends a person or thing like a shadow; an inseparable companion; hence, an obsequious follower.

Shadow (n.) A spirit; a ghost; a shade; a phantom.

Shadow (n.) An imperfect and faint representation; adumbration; indistinct image; dim bodying forth; hence, mystical representation; type.

Shadow (n.) A small degree; a shade.

Shadow (n.) An uninvited guest coming with one who is invited.

Shadow (n.) To cut off light from; to put in shade; to shade; to throw a shadow upon; to overspead with obscurity.

Shadow (n.) To conceal; to hide; to screen.

Shadow (n.) To protect; to shelter from danger; to shroud.

Shadow (n.) To mark with gradations of light or color; to shade.

Shadow (n.) To represent faintly or imperfectly; to adumbrate; hence, to represent typically.

Shadow (n.) To cloud; to darken; to cast a gloom over.

Shadow (n.) To attend as closely as a shadow; to follow and watch closely, especially in a secret or unobserved manner; as, a detective shadows a criminal.

Shadowiness (n.) The quality or state of being shadowy.

Shadowing (n.) Shade, or gradation of light and color; shading.

Shadowing (n.) A faint representation; an adumbration.

Shadrach (n.) A mass of iron on which the operation of smelting has failed of its intended effect; -- so called from Shadrach, one of the three Hebrews who came forth unharmed from the fiery furnace of Nebuchadnezzar. (See Dan. iii. 26, 27.)

Shad-spirit (n.) See Shadbird (a)

Shad-waiter (n.) A lake whitefish; the roundfish. See Roundfish.

Shaffler (n.) A hobbler; one who limps; a shuffer.

Shafiite (n.) A member of one of the four sects of the Sunnites, or Orthodox Mohammedans; -- so called from its founder, Mohammed al-Shafei.

Shaft (n.) The slender, smooth stem of an arrow; hence, an arrow.

Shaft (n.) The long handle of a spear or similar weapon; hence, the weapon itself; (Fig.) anything regarded as a shaft to be thrown or darted; as, shafts of light.

Shaft (n.) That which resembles in some degree the stem or handle of an arrow or a spear; a long, slender part, especially when cylindrical.

Shaft (n.) The trunk, stem, or stalk of a plant.

Shaft (n.) The stem or midrib of a feather.

Shaft (n.) The pole, or tongue, of a vehicle; also, a thill.

Shaft (n.) The part of a candlestick which supports its branches.

Shaft (n.) The handle or helve of certain tools, instruments, etc., as a hammer, a whip, etc.

Shaft (n.) A pole, especially a Maypole.

Shaft (n.) The body of a column; the cylindrical pillar between the capital and base (see Illust. of Column). Also, the part of a chimney above the roof. Also, the spire of a steeple.

Shaft (n.) A column, an obelisk, or other spire-shaped or columnar monument.

Shaft (n.) A rod at the end of a heddle.

Shaft (n.) A solid or hollow cylinder or bar, having one or more journals on which it rests and revolves, and intended to carry one or more wheels or other revolving parts and to transmit power or motion; as, the shaft of a steam engine.

Shaft (n.) A humming bird (Thaumastura cora) having two of the tail feathers next to the middle ones very long in the male; -- called also cora humming bird.

Shaft (n.) A well-like excavation in the earth, perpendicular or nearly so, made for reaching and raising ore, for raising water, etc.

Shaft (n.) A long passage for the admission or outlet of air; an air shaft.

Shaft (n.) The chamber of a blast furnace.

Shafting (n.) Shafts, collectivelly; a system of connected shafts for communicating motion.

Shaftman (n.) Alt. of Shaftment

Shaftment (n.) A measure of about six inches.

Shag (n.) Coarse hair or nap; rough, woolly hair.

Shag (n.) A kind of cloth having a long, coarse nap.

Shag (n.) A kind of prepared tobacco cut fine.

Shag (n.) Any species of cormorant.

Shagbark (n.) A rough-barked species of hickory (Carya alba), its nut. Called also shellbark. See Hickory.

Shagbark (n.) The West Indian Pithecolobium micradenium, a legiminous tree with a red coiled-up pod.

Shagebush (n.) A sackbut.

Shagginess (n.) The quality or state of being shaggy; roughness; shaggedness.

Shaggy (n.) Rough with long hair or wool.

Shaggy (n.) Rough; rugged; jaggy.

Shag-rag (n.) The unkempt and ragged part of the community.

Shagreen (n.) A kind of untanned leather prepared in Russia and the East, from the skins of horses, asses, and camels, and grained so as to be covered with small round granulations. This characteristic surface is produced by pressing small seeds into the grain or hair side when moist, and afterward, when dry, scraping off the roughness left between them, and then, by soaking, causing the portions of the skin which had been compressed or indented by the seeds to swell up into relief. It is u>

Shagreen (n.) The skin of various small sharks and other fishes when having small, rough, bony scales. The dogfishes of the genus Scyllium furnish a large part of that used in the arts.

Shah (n.) The title of the supreme ruler in certain Eastern countries, especially Persia.

Shahin (n.) A large and swift Asiatic falcon (Falco pregrinator) highly valued in falconry.

Shaik (n.) See Sheik.

Shake (n.) The act or result of shaking; a vacillating or wavering motion; a rapid motion one way and other; a trembling, quaking, or shivering; agitation.

Shake (n.) A fissure or crack in timber, caused by its being dried too suddenly.

Shake (n.) A fissure in rock or earth.

Shake (n.) A rapid alternation of a principal tone with another represented on the next degree of the staff above or below it; a trill.

Shake (n.) One of the staves of a hogshead or barrel taken apart.

Shake (n.) A shook of staves and headings.

Shake (n.) The redshank; -- so called from the nodding of its head while on the ground.

Shakedown (n.) A temporary substitute for a bed, as one made on the floor or on chairs; -- perhaps originally from the shaking down of straw for this purpose.

Shakefork (n.) A fork for shaking hay; a pitchfork.

Shaken (n.) Impaired, as by a shock.

Shaker (n.) A person or thing that shakes, or by means of which something is shaken.

Shaker (n.) One of a religious sect who do not marry, popularly so called from the movements of the members in dancing, which forms a part of their worship.

Shaker (n.) A variety of pigeon.

Shakeress (n.) A female Shaker.

Shakerism (n.) Doctrines of the Shakers.

Shakiness (n.) Quality of being shaky.

Shako (n.) A kind of military cap or headdress.

Shale (n.) A shell or husk; a cod or pod.

Shale (n.) A fine-grained sedimentary rock of a thin, laminated, and often friable, structure.

Shalli (n.) See Challis.

Shallon (n.) An evergreen shrub (Gaultheria Shallon) of Northwest America; also, its fruit. See Salal-berry.

Shalloon (n.) A thin, loosely woven, twilled worsted stuff.

Shallop (n.) A boat.

Shallot (n.) A small kind of onion (Allium Ascalonicum) growing in clusters, and ready for gathering in spring; a scallion, or eschalot.

Shallow (n.) A place in a body of water where the water is not deep; a shoal; a flat; a shelf.

Shallow (n.) The rudd.

Shallowness (n.) Quality or state of being shallow.

Shalm (n.) See Shawm.

Sham (n.) That which deceives expectation; any trick, fraud, or device that deludes and disappoint; a make-believe; delusion; imposture, humbug.

Sham (n.) A false front, or removable ornamental covering.

Shama (n.) A saxico

Shaman (n.) A priest of Shamanism; a wizard among the Shamanists.

Shamanism (n.) The type of religion which once prevalied among all the Ural-Altaic peoples (Tungusic, Mongol, and Turkish), and which still survives in various parts of Northern Asia. The Shaman, or wizard priest, deals with good as well as with evil spirits, especially the good spirits of ancestors.

Shamanist (n.) An adherent of Shamanism.

Shamble (n.) One of a succession of niches or platforms, one above another, to hold ore which is thrown successively from platform to platform, and thus raised to a higher level.

Shamble (n.) A place where butcher's meat is sold.

Shamble (n.) A place for slaughtering animals for meat.

Shambling (n.) An awkward, irregular gait.

Shame (n.) A painful sensation excited by a consciousness of guilt or impropriety, or of having done something which injures reputation, or of the exposure of that which nature or modesty prompts us to conceal.

Shame (n.) Reproach incurred or suffered; dishonor; ignominy; derision; contempt.

Shame (n.) The cause or reason of shame; that which brings reproach, and degrades a person in the estimation of others; disgrace.

Shame (n.) The parts which modesty requires to be covered; the private parts.

Shame (n.) To be ashamed; to feel shame.

Shamefaced (n.) Easily confused or put out of countenance; diffident; bashful; modest.

Shame-proof (n.) Shameless.

Shamer (n.) One who, or that which, disgraces, or makes ashamed.

Shammer (n.) One who shams; an impostor.

Shammy (n.) The chamois.

Shammy (n.) A soft, pliant leather, prepared originally from the skin of the chamois, but now made also from the skin of the sheep, goat, kid, deer, and calf. See Shamoying.

Shamois (n.) Alt. of Shamoy

Shamoy (n.) See Shammy.

Shamoying (n.) A process used in preparing certain kinds of leather, which consists in frizzing the skin, and working oil into it to supply the place of the astringent (tannin, alum, or the like) ordinarily used in tanning.

Shampoo (n.) The act of shampooing.

Shampooer (n.) One who shampoos.

Shamrock (n.) A trifoliate plant used as a national emblem by the Irish. The legend is that St. Patrick once plucked a leaf of it for use in illustrating the doctrine of the trinity.

Shandrydan (n.) A jocosely depreciative name for a vehicle.

Shandygaff (n.) A mixture of strong beer and ginger beer.

Shanghai (n.) A large and tall breed of domestic fowl.

Shank (n.) See Chank.

Shankbeer (n.) See Schenkbeer.

Shanker (n.) See Chancre.

Shanny (n.) The European smooth blenny (Blennius pholis). It is olive-green with irregular black spots, and without appendages on the head.

Shanty (n.) A small, mean dwelling; a rough, slight building for temporary use; a hut.

Shape (n.) To form or create; especially, to mold or make into a particular form; to give proper form or figure to.

Shape (n.) To adapt to a purpose; to regulate; to adjust; to direct; as, to shape the course of a vessel.

Shape (n.) To image; to conceive; to body forth.

Shape (n.) To design; to prepare; to plan; to arrange.

Shape (n.) Character or construction of a thing as determining its external appearance; outward aspect; make; figure; form; guise; as, the shape of a tree; the shape of the head; an elegant shape.

Shape (n.) That which has form or figure; a figure; an appearance; a being.

Shape (n.) A model; a pattern; a mold.

Shape (n.) Form of embodiment, as in words; form, as of thought or conception; concrete embodiment or example, as of some quality.

Shape (n.) Dress for disguise; guise.

Shape (n.) A rolled or hammered piece, as a bar, beam, angle iron, etc., having a cross section different from merchant bar.

Shape (n.) A piece which has been roughly forged nearly to the form it will receive when completely forged or fitted.

Shape

Shaper (n.) One who shapes; as, the shaper of one's fortunes.

Shaper (n.) That which shapes; a machine for giving a particular form or out

Shaper (n.) A kind of planer in which the tool, instead of the work, receives a reciprocating motion, usually from a crank.

Shaper (n.) A machine with a vertically revolving cutter projecting above a flat table top, for cutting irregular out

Shapoo (n.) The oorial.

Shard (n.) A plant; chard.

Shard (n.) A piece or fragment of an earthen vessel, or a like brittle substance, as the shell of an egg or snail.

Shard (n.) The hard wing case of a beetle.

Shard (n.) A gap in a fence.

Shard (n.) A boundary; a division.

Share (n.) The part (usually an iron or steel plate) of a plow which cuts the ground at the bottom of a furrow; a plowshare.

Share (n.) The part which opens the ground for the reception of the seed, in a machine for sowing seed.

Sharebeam (n.) The part of the plow to which the share is attached.

Sharebone (n.) The public bone.

Sharebroker (n.) A broker who deals in railway or other shares and securities.

Shareholder (n.) One who holds or owns a share or shares in a joint fund or property.

Sharer (n.) One who shares; a participator; a partaker; also, a divider; a distributer.

Sharewort (n.) A composite plant (Aster Tripolium) growing along the seacoast of Europe.

Sharker (n.) One who lives by sharking.

Sharking (n.) Petty rapine; trick; also, seeking a livelihood by shifts and dishonest devices.

Sharock (n.) An East Indian coin of the value of 12/ pence sterling, or about 25 cents.

Sharp (n.) A sharp tool or weapon.

Sharp (n.) The character [/] used to indicate that the note before which it is placed is to be raised a half step, or semitone, in pitch.

Sharp (n.) A sharp tone or note.

Sharp (n.) A portion of a stream where the water runs very rapidly.

Sharp (n.) A sewing needle having a very slender point; a needle of the most pointed of the three grades, blunts, betweens, and sharps.

Sharp (n.) Same as Middlings, 1.

Sharp (n.) An expert.

Sharper (n.) A person who bargains closely, especially, one who cheats in bargains; a swinder; also, a cheating gamester.

Sharpie (n.) A long, sharp, flat-bottomed boat, with one or two masts carrying a triangular sail. They are often called Fair Haven sharpies, after the place on the coast of Connecticut where they originated.

Sharpling (n.) A stickleback.

Sharpness (n.) The quality or condition of being sharp; keenness; acuteness.

Sharpsaw (n.) The great titmouse; -- so called from its harsh call notes.

Sharpshooter (n.) One skilled in shooting at an object with exactness; a good marksman.

Sharpshooting (n.) A shooting with great precision and effect; hence, a keen contest of wit or argument.

Sharptail (n.) The pintail duck.

Sharptail (n.) The pintail grouse, or prairie chicken.

Shash (n.) The scarf of a turban.

Shash (n.) A sash.

Shaster (n.) Alt. of Shastra

Shastra (n.) A treatise for authoritative instruction among the Hindoos; a book of institutes; especially, a treatise explaining the Vedas.

Shathmont (n.) A shaftment.

Shatter (n.) A fragment of anything shattered; -- used chiefly or soley in the phrase into shatters; as, to break a glass into shatters.

Shaveling (n.) A man shaved; hence, a monk, or other religious; -- used in contempt.

Shaver (n.) One who shaves; one whose occupation is to shave.

Shaver (n.) One who is close in bargains; a sharper.

Shaver (n.) One who fleeces; a pillager; a plunderer.

Shaver (n.) A boy; a lad; a little fellow.

Shaver (n.) A tool or machine for shaving.

Shaving (n.) The act of one who, or that which, shaves; specifically, the act of cutting off the beard with a razor.

Shaving (n.) That which is shaved off; a thin slice or strip pared off with a shave, a knife, a plane, or other cutting instrument.

Shaw (n.) A thicket; a small wood or grove.

Shaw (n.) The leaves and tops of vegetables, as of potatoes, turnips, etc.

Shawfowl (n.) The representation or image of a fowl made by fowlers to shoot at.

Shawl (n.) A square or oblong cloth of wool, cotton, silk, or other textile or netted fabric, used, especially by women, as a loose covering for the neck and shoulders.

Shawm (n.) A wind instrument of music, formerly in use, supposed to have resembled either the clarinet or the hautboy in form.

Shay (n.) A chaise.

Sheaf (n.) A sheave.

Sheaf (n.) A quantity of the stalks and ears of wheat, rye, or other grain, bound together; a bundle of grain or straw.

Sheaf (n.) Any collection of things bound together; a bundle; specifically, a bundle of arrows sufficient to fill a quiver, or the allowance of each archer, -- usually twenty-four.

Sheal (n.) Same as Sheeling.

Sheal (n.) A shell or pod.

Shealing (n.) The outer husk, pod, or shell, as of oats, pease, etc.; sheal; shell.

Shealing (n.) Same as Sheeling.

Shearbill (n.) The black skimmer. See Skimmer.

Sheard (n.) See Shard.

Shearer (n.) One who shears.

Shearer (n.) A reaper.

Shearing (n.) The act or operation of clipping with shears or a shearing machine, as the wool from sheep, or the nap from cloth.

Shearing (n.) The product of the act or operation of clipping with shears or a shearing machine; as, the whole shearing of a flock; the shearings from cloth.

Shearing (n.) Same as Shearling.

Shearing (n.) The act or operation of reaping.

Shearing (n.) The act or operation of dividing with shears; as, the shearing of metal plates.

Shearing (n.) The process of preparing shear steel; tilting.

Shearing (n.) The process of making a vertical side cutting in working into a face of coal.

Shearling (n.) A sheep but once sheared.

Shearman (n.) One whose occupation is to shear cloth.

Shearn (n.) Dung; excrement.

Shears (n.) A cutting instrument.

Shears (n.) An instrument consisting of two blades, commonly with bevel edges, connected by a pivot, and working on both sides of the material to be cut, -- used for cutting cloth and other substances.

Shears (n.) A similar instrument the blades of which are extensions of a curved spring, -- used for shearing sheep or skins.

Shears (n.) A shearing machine; a blade, or a set of blades, working against a resisting edge.

Shears (n.) Anything in the form of shears.

Shears (n.) A pair of wings.

Shears (n.) An apparatus for raising heavy weights, and especially for stepping and unstepping the lower masts of ships. It consists of two or more spars or pieces of timber, fastened together near the top, steadied by a guy or guys, and furnished with the necessary tackle.

Shears (n.) The bedpiece of a machine tool, upon which a table or slide rest is secured; as, the shears of a lathe or planer. See Illust. under Lathe.

Sheartail (n.) The common tern.

Sheartail (n.) Any one of several species of humming birds of the genus Thaumastura having a long forked tail.

Shearwater (n.) Any one of numerous species of long-winged oceanic birds of the genus Puffinus and related genera. They are allied to the petrels, but are larger. The Manx shearwater (P. Anglorum), the dusky shearwater (P. obscurus), and the greater shearwater (P. major), are well-known species of the North Atlantic. See Hagdon.

Sheatfish (n.) A European siluroid fish (Silurus glanis) allied to the cat-fishes. It is the largest fresh-water fish of Europe, sometimes becoming six feet or more in length. See Siluroid.

Sheath (n.) A case for the reception of a sword, hunting knife, or other long and slender instrument; a scabbard.

Sheath (n.) Any sheathlike covering, organ, or part.

Sheath (n.) The base of a leaf when sheathing or investing a stem or branch, as in grasses.

Sheath (n.) One of the elytra of an insect.

Sheathbill (n.) Either one of two species of birds composing the genus Chionis, and family Chionidae, native of the islands of the Antarctic seas.

Sheather (n.) One who sheathes.

Sheathfish (n.) Same as Sheatfish.

Sheathing (n.) That which sheathes.

Sheathing (n.) The casing or covering of a ship's bottom and sides; the materials for such covering; as, copper sheathing.

Sheathing (n.) The first covering of boards on the outside wall of a frame house or on a timber roof; also, the material used for covering; ceiling boards in general.

Shebander (n.) A harbor master, or ruler of a port, in the East Indies.

Shebang (n.) A jocosely depreciative name for a dwelling or shop.

Shebeen (n.) A low public house; especially, a place where spirits and other excisable liquors are illegally and privately sold.

Shechinah (n.) See Shekinah.

Shecklaton (n.) A kind of gilt leather. See Checklaton.

Shed (n.) A slight or temporary structure built to shade or shelter something; a structure usually open in front; an outbuilding; a hut; as, a wagon shed; a wood shed.

Shed (n.) A parting; a separation; a division.

Shed (n.) The act of shedding or spilling; -- used only in composition, as in bloodshed.

Shed (n.) That which parts, divides, or sheds; -- used in composition, as in watershed.

Shed (n.) The passageway between the threads of the warp through which the shuttle is thrown, having a sloping top and bottom made by raising and lowering the alternate threads.

Shedder (n.) One who, or that which, sheds; as, a shedder of blood; a shedder of tears.

Shedder (n.) A crab in the act of casting its shell, or immediately afterwards while still soft; -- applied especially to the edible crabs, which are most prized while in this state.

Shedding (n.) The act of shedding, separating, or casting off or out; as, the shedding of blood.

Shedding (n.) That which is shed, or cast off.

Shelfa (n.) Alt. of Shilfa

Shilfa (n.) The chaffinch; -- so named from its call note.

Sheeling (n.) A hut or small cottage in an expessed or a retired place (as on a mountain or at the seaside) such as is used by shepherds, fishermen, sportsmen, etc.; a summer cottage; also, a shed.

Sheely (n.) Same as Sheelfa.

Sheen (n.) Brightness; splendor; glitter.

Sheepback (n.) A rounded knoll of rock resembling the back of a sheep. -- produced by glacial action. Called also roche moutonnee; -- usually in the plural.

Sheepberry (n.) The edible fruit of a small North American tree of the genus Viburnum (V. Lentago), having white flowers in flat cymes; also, the tree itself. Called also nannyberry.

Sheepbiter (n.) One who practices petty thefts.

Sheepcot (n.) Alt. of Sheepcote

Sheepcote (n.) A small inclosure for sheep; a pen; a fold.

Sheepfold (n.) A fold or pen for sheep; a place where sheep are collected or confined.

Sheephook (n.) A hook fastened to pole, by which shepherds lay hold on the legs or necks of their sheep; a shepherd's crook.

Sheepmaster (n.) A keeper or feeder of sheep; also, an owner of sheep.

Sheeprack (n.) The starling.

Sheep's-eye (n.) A modest, diffident look; a loving glance; -- commonly in the plural.

Sheep's-foot (n.) A printer's tool consisting of a metal bar formed into a hammer head at one end and a claw at the other, -- used as a lever and hammer.

Sheepshank (n.) A hitch by which a rope may be temporarily shortened.

Sheepshead (n.) A large and valuable sparoid food fish (Archosargus, / Diplodus, probatocephalus) found on the Atlantic coast of the United States. It often weighs from ten to twelve pounds.

Sheep-shearer (n.) One who shears, or cuts off the wool from, sheep.

Sheep-shearing (n.) Act of shearing sheep.

Sheep-shearing (n.) A feast at the time of sheep-shearing.

Sheepskin (n.) The skin of a sheep; or, leather prepared from it.

Sheepskin (n.) A diploma; -- so called because usually written or printed on parchment prepared from the skin of the sheep.

Sheepsplit (n.) A split of a sheepskin; one of the thin sections made by splitting a sheepskin with a cutting knife or machine.

Sheer (n.) The longitudinal upward curvature of the deck, gunwale, and

Sheer (n.) The position of a vessel riding at single anchor and swinging clear of it.

Sheer (n.) A turn or change in a course.

Sheer (n.) Shears See Shear.

Sheerwater (n.) The shearwater.

Sheetful (n.) Enough to fill a sheet; as much as a sheet can hold.

Sheeting (n.) Cotton or

Sheeting (n.) A lining of planks or boards (rarely of metal) for protecting an embankment.

Sheeting (n.) The act or process of forming into sheets, or flat pieces; also, material made into sheets.

Sheik (n.) The head of an Arab family, or of a clan or a tribe; also, the chief magistrate of an Arab village. The name is also applied to Mohammedan ecclesiastics of a high grade.

Sheil (n.) Alt. of Sheiling

Sheiling (n.) See Sheeling.

Shekel (n.) An ancient weight and coin used by the Jews and by other nations of the same stock.

Shekel (n.) A jocose term for money.

Shekinah (n.) The visible majesty of the Divine Presence, especially when resting or dwelling between the cherubim on the mercy seat, in the Tabernacle, or in the Temple of Solomon; -- a term used in the Targums and by the later Jews, and adopted by Christians.

Sheldafle (n.) Alt. of Sheldaple

Sheldaple (n.) A chaffinch.

Sheldfowl (n.) The common sheldrake.

Sheldrake (n.) Any one of several species of large Old World ducks of the genus Tadorna and allied genera, especially the European and Asiatic species. (T. cornuta, / tadorna), which somewhat resembles a goose in form and habit, but breeds in burrows.

Sheldrake (n.) Any one of the American mergansers.

Shelduck (n.) The sheldrake.

Shell (n.) A hard outside covering, as of a fruit or an animal.

Shell (n.) The covering, or outside part, of a nut; as, a hazelnut shell.

Shell (n.) A pod.

Shell (n.) The hard covering of an egg.

Shell (n.) The hard calcareous or chitinous external covering of mollusks, crustaceans, and some other invertebrates. In some mollusks, as the cuttlefishes, it is internal, or concealed by the mantle. Also, the hard covering of some vertebrates, as the armadillo, the tortoise, and the like.

Shell (n.) Hence, by extension, any mollusks having such a covering.

Shell (n.) A hollow projectile, of various shapes, adapted for a mortar or a cannon, and containing an explosive substance, ignited with a fuse or by percussion, by means of which the projectile is burst and its fragments scattered. See Bomb.

Shell (n.) The case which holds the powder, or charge of powder and shot, used with breechloading small arms.

Shell (n.) Any slight hollow structure; a framework, or exterior structure, regarded as not complete or filled in; as, the shell of a house.

Shell (n.) A coarse kind of coffin; also, a thin interior coffin inclosed in a more substantial one.

Shell (n.) An instrument of music, as a lyre, -- the first lyre having been made, it is said, by drawing strings over a tortoise shell.

Shell (n.) An engraved copper roller used in print works.

Shell (n.) The husks of cacao seeds, a decoction of which is often used as a substitute for chocolate, cocoa, etc.

Shell (n.) The outer frame or case of a block within which the sheaves revolve.

Shell (n.) A light boat the frame of which is covered with thin wood or with paper; as, a racing shell.

Shell-lac (n.) Alt. of Shellac

Shellac (n.) See the Note under 2d Lac.

Shellapple (n.) See Sheldafle.

Shellbark (n.) A species of hickory (Carya alba) whose outer bark is loose and peeling; a shagbark; also, its nut.

Sheller (n.) One who, or that which, shells; as, an oyster sheller; a corn sheller.

Shellfish (n.) Any aquatic animal whose external covering consists of a shell, either testaceous, as in oysters, clams, and other mollusks, or crustaceous, as in lobsters and crabs.

Shelling (n.) Groats; hulled oats.

Shellwork (n.) Work composed of shells, or adorned with them.

Shelter (n.) That which covers or defends from injury or annoyance; a protection; a screen.

Shelter (n.) One who protects; a guardian; a defender.

Shelter (n.) The state of being covered and protected; protection; security.

Sheltie (n.) Alt. of Shelty

Shelty (n.) A Shetland pony.

Shelving (n.) The act of fitting up shelves; as, the job of shelving a closet.

Shelving (n.) The act of laying on a shelf, or on the shelf; putting off or aside; as, the shelving of a claim.

Shelving (n.) Material for shelves; shelves, collectively.

Shemite (n.) A descendant of Shem.

Shemitism (n.) See Semitism.

Shend (n.) To injure, mar, spoil, or harm.

Shend (n.) To blame, reproach, or revile; to degrade, disgrace, or put to shame.

Shendship (n.) Harm; ruin; also, reproach; disgrace.

Sheol (n.) The place of departed spirits; Hades; also, the grave.

Shepen (n.) A stable; a shippen.

Shepherd (n.) A man employed in tending, feeding, and guarding sheep, esp. a flock grazing at large.

Shepherd (n.) The pastor of a church; one with the religious guidance of others.

Shepherdess (n.) A woman who tends sheep; hence, a rural lass.

Shepherdia (n.) A genus of shrubs having silvery scurfy leaves, and belonging to the same family as Elaeagnus; also, any plant of this genus. See Buffalo berry, under Buffalo.

Shepherdish (n.) Resembling a shepherd; suiting a shepherd; pastoral.

Shepherdism (n.) Pastoral life or occupation.

Shepherdling (n.) A little shepherd.

Shepster (n.) A seamstress.

Sherbet (n.) A refreshing drink, common in the East, made of the juice of some fruit, diluted, sweetened, and flavored in various ways; as, orange sherbet; lemon sherbet; raspberry sherbet, etc.

Sherbet (n.) A flavored water ice.

Sherbet (n.) A preparation of bicarbonate of soda, tartaric acid, sugar, etc., variously flavored, for making an effervescing drink; -- called also sherbet powder.

Sherd (n.) A fragment; -- now used only in composition, as in potsherd. See Shard.

Shereef (n.) Alt. of Sherif

Sherif (n.) A member of an Arab princely family descended from Mohammed through his son-in-law Ali and daughter Fatima. The Grand Shereef is the governor of Mecca.

Sheriat (n.) The sacred law of the Turkish empire.

Sheriff (n.) The chief officer of a shire or county, to whom is intrusted the execution of the laws, the serving of judicial writs and processes, and the preservation of the peace.

Sheriffalty (n.) Alt. of Sheriffwick

Sheriffdom (n.) Alt. of Sheriffwick

Sheriffry (n.) Alt. of Sheriffwick

Sheriffship (n.) Alt. of Sheriffwick

Sheriffwick (n.) The office or jurisdiction of sheriff. See Shrievalty.

Shern (n.) See Shearn.

Sherris (n.) Sherry.

Sherry (n.) A Spanish light-colored dry wine, made in Andalusia. As prepared for commerce it is colored a straw color or a deep amber by mixing with it cheap wine boiled down.

Sheth (n.) The part of a plow which projects downward beneath the beam, for holding the share and other working parts; -- also called standard, or post.

Shew (n.) Show.

Shewel (n.) A scarecrow.

Shewer (n.) One who shews. See Shower.

Shiah (n.) Same as Shiite.

Shibboleth (n.) A word which was made the criterion by which to distinguish the Ephraimites from the Gileadites. The Ephraimites, not being able to pronounce sh, called the word sibboleth. See Judges xii.

Shibboleth (n.) Also in an extended sense.

Shibboleth (n.) Hence, the criterion, test, or watchword of a party; a party cry or pet phrase.

Shide (n.) A thin board; a billet of wood; a splinter.

Shiel (n.) A sheeling.

Shield (n.) A broad piece of defensive armor, carried on the arm, -- formerly in general use in war, for the protection of the body. See Buckler.

Shield (n.) Anything which protects or defends; defense; shelter; protection.

Shield (n.) Figuratively, one who protects or defends.

Shield (n.) In lichens, a Hardened cup or disk surrounded by a rim and containing the fructification, or asci.

Shield (n.) The escutcheon or field on which are placed the bearings in coats of arms. Cf. Lozenge. See Illust. of Escutcheon.

Shield (n.) A framework used to protect workmen in making an adit under ground, and capable of being pushed along as excavation progresses.

Shield (n.) A spot resembling, or having the form of, a shield.

Shield (n.) A coin, the old French crown, or ecu, having on one side the figure of a shield.

Shield (n.) To cover with, or as with, a shield; to cover from danger; to defend; to protect from assault or injury.

Shield (n.) To ward off; to keep off or out.

Shield (n.) To avert, as a misfortune; hence, as a supplicatory exclamation, forbid!

Shield-bearer (n.) One who, or that which, carries a shield.

Shield-bearer (n.) Any small moth of the genus Aspidisca, whose larva makes a shieldlike covering for itself out of bits of leaves.

Shielddrake (n.) A sheldrake.

Shieldtail (n.) Any species of small burrowing snakes of the family Uropeltidae, native of Ceylon and Southern Asia. They have a small mouth which can not be dilated.

Shieling (n.) A hut or shelter for shepherds of fishers. See Sheeling.

Shifter (n.) One who, or that which, shifts; one who plays tricks or practices artifice; a cozener.

Shifter (n.) An assistant to the ship's cook in washing, steeping, and shifting the salt provisions.

Shifter (n.) An arrangement for shifting a belt sidewise from one pulley to another.

Shifter (n.) A wire for changing a loop from one needle to another, as in narrowing, etc.

Shiftiness (n.) The quality or state of being shifty.

Shiite (n.) Alt. of Shiah

Shiah (n.) A member of that branch of the Mohammedans to which the Persians belong. They reject the first three caliphs, and consider Ali as being the first and only rightful successor of Mohammed. They do not acknowledge the Sunna, or body of traditions respecting Mohammed, as any part of the law, and on these accounts are treated as heretics by the Sunnites, or orthodox Mohammedans.

Shikaree (n.) Alt. of Shikari

Shikari (n.) A sportsman; esp., a native hunter.

Shilf (n.) Straw.

Shillalah (n.) Alt. of Shillelah

Shillelah (n.) An oaken sapling or cudgel; any cudgel; -- so called from Shillelagh, a place in Ireland of that name famous for its oaks.

Shilling (n.) A silver coin, and money of account, of Great Britain and its dependencies, equal to twelve pence, or the twentieth part of a pound, equivalent to about twenty-four cents of the United States currency.

Shilling (n.) In the United States, a denomination of money, differing in value in different States. It is not now legally recognized.

Shilling (n.) The Spanish real, of the value of one eight of a dollar, or 12/ cets; -- formerly so called in New York and some other States. See Note under 2.

Shilly-shally (n.) Irresolution; hesitation; also, occupation with trifles.

Shiloh (n.) A word used by Jacob on his deathbed, and interpreted variously, as "the Messiah," or as the city "Shiloh," or as "Rest."

Shim (n.) A kind of shallow plow used in tillage to break the ground, and clear it of weeds.

Shim (n.) A thin piece of metal placed between two parts to make a fit.

Shimmer (n.) A faint, tremulous light; a gleaming; a glimmer.

Shimmering (n.) A gleam or glimmering.

Shimmy (n.) A chemise.

Shin (n.) The front part of the leg below the knee; the front edge of the shin bone; the lower part of the leg; the shank.

Shin (n.) A fish plate for rails.

Shindle (n.) A shingle; also, a slate for roofing.

Shindy (n.) An uproar or disturbance; a spree; a row; a riot.

Shindy (n.) Hockey; shinney.

Shindy (n.) A fancy or liking.

Shine (n.) The quality or state of shining; brightness; luster, gloss; polish; sheen.

Shine (n.) Sunshine; fair weather.

Shine (n.) A liking for a person; a fancy.

Shine (n.) Caper; antic; row.

Shiner (n.) That which shines.

Shiner (n.) A luminary.

Shiner (n.) A bright piece of money.

Shiner (n.) Any one of numerous species of small freshwater American cyprinoid fishes, belonging to Notropis, or Minnilus, and allied genera; as the redfin (Notropis megalops), and the golden shiner (Notemigonus chrysoleucus) of the Eastern United States; also loosely applied to various other silvery fishes, as the dollar fish, or horsefish, menhaden, moonfish, sailor's choice, and the sparada.

Shiner (n.) The common Lepisma, or furniture bug.

Shiness (n.) See Shyness.

Shingle (n.) Round, water-worn, and loose gravel and pebbles, or a collection of roundish stones, such as are common on the seashore and elsewhere.

Shingle (n.) A piece of wood sawed or rived thin and small, with one end thinner than the other, -- used in covering buildings, especially roofs, the thick ends of one row overlapping the thin ends of the row below.

Shingle (n.) A sign for an office or a shop; as, to hang out one's shingle.

Shingler (n.) One who shingles.

Shingler (n.) A machine for shingling puddled iron.

Shingles (n.) A kind of herpes (Herpes zoster) which spreads half way around the body like a girdle, and is usually attended with violent neuralgic pain.

Shingling (n.) The act of covering with shingles; shingles, collectively; a covering made of shingles.

Shingling (n.) The process of expelling scoriae and other impurities by hammering and squeezing, in the production of wrought iron.

Shinhopple (n.) The hobblebush.

Shining (n.) Emission or reflection of light.

Shiningness (n.) Brightness.

Shinney (n.) The game of hockey; -- so called because of the liability of the players to receive blows on the shin.

Shinplaster (n.) Formerly, a jocose term for a bank note greatly depreciated in value; also, for paper money of a denomination less than a dollar.

Shinto (n.) Alt. of Shintiism

Shintiism (n.) One of the two great systems of religious belief in Japan. Its essence is ancestor worship, and sacrifice to dead heroes.

Shintoist (n.) An adherent of Shintoism.

Shinty (n.) A Scotch game resembling hockey; also, the club used in the game.

-ship (n.) A suffix denoting state, office, dignity, profession, or art; as in lordship, friendship, chancellorship, stewardship, horsemanship.

Ship (n.) Pay; reward.

Ship (n.) Any large seagoing vessel.

Ship (n.) Specifically, a vessel furnished with a bowsprit and three masts (a mainmast, a foremast, and a mizzenmast), each of which is composed of a lower mast, a topmast, and a topgallant mast, and square-rigged on all masts. See Illustation in Appendix.

Ship (n.) A dish or utensil (originally fashioned like the hull of a ship) used to hold incense.

Shipboard (n.) A ship's side; hence, by extension, a ship; -- found chiefly in adverbial phrases; as, on shipboard; a shipboard.

Shipbuilder (n.) A person whose occupation is to construct ships and other vessels; a naval architect; a shipwright.

Shipbuilding (n.) Naval architecturel the art of constructing ships and other vessels.

Shipful (n.) As much or as many as a ship will hold; enough to fill a ship.

Shipholder (n.) A shipowner.

Shiplet (n.) A little ship.

Shipload (n.) The load, or cargo, of a ship.

Shipman (n.) A seaman, or sailor.

Shipmaster (n.) The captain, master, or commander of a ship.

Shipmate (n.) One who serves on board of the same ship with another; a fellow sailor.

Shipment (n.) The act or process of shipping; as, he was engaged in the shipment of coal for London; an active shipment of wheat from the West.

Shipment (n.) That which is shipped.

Shipowner (n.) Owner of a ship or ships.

Shippen (n.) A stable; a cowhouse.

Shipper (n.) One who sends goods from one place to another not in the same city or town, esp. one who sends goods by water.

Shipping (n.) The act of one who, or of that which, ships; as, the shipping of flour to Liverpool.

Shipping (n.) The collective body of ships in one place, or belonging to one port, country, etc.; vessels, generally; tonnage.

Shipping (n.) Navigation.

Shippon (n.) A cowhouse; a shippen.

Shipworm (n.) Any long, slender, worm-shaped bivalve mollusk of Teredo and allied genera. The shipworms burrow in wood, and are destructive to wooden ships, piles of wharves, etc. See Teredo.

Shipwreck (n.) The breaking in pieces, or shattering, of a ship or other vessel by being cast ashore or driven against rocks, shoals, etc., by the violence of the winds and waves.

Shipwreck (n.) A ship wrecked or destroyed upon the water, or the parts of such a ship; wreckage.

Shipwreck (n.) Fig.: Destruction; ruin; irretrievable loss.

Shipwright (n.) One whose occupation is to construct ships; a builder of ships or other vessels.

Shipyard (n.) A yard, place, or inclosure where ships are built or repaired.

Shiraz (n.) A kind of Persian wine; -- so called from the place whence it is brought.

Shire (n.) A portion of Great Britain originally under the supervision of an earl; a territorial division, usually identical with a county, but sometimes limited to a smaller district; as, Wiltshire, Yorkshire, Richmondshire, Hallamshire.

Shire (n.) A division of a State, embracing several contiguous townships; a county.

Shirk (n.) One who lives by shifts and tricks; one who avoids the performance of duty or labor.

Shirker (n.) One who shirks.

Shirl (n.) See Schorl.

Shirley (n.) The bullfinch.

Shirr (n.) A series of close parallel runnings which are drawn up so as to make the material between them set full by gatherings; -- called also shirring, and gauging.

Shirt (n.) A loose under-garment for the upper part of the body, made of cotton,

Shirting (n.) Cloth, specifically cotton cloth, suitable for making shirts.

Shittah (n.) Alt. of Shittah tree

Shittah tree (n.) A tree that furnished the precious wood of which the ark, tables, altars, boards, etc., of the Jewish tabernacle were made; -- now believed to have been the wood of the Acacia Seyal, which is hard, fine grained, and yellowish brown in color.

Shittim (n.) Alt. of Shittim wood

Shittim wood (n.) The wood of the shittah tree.

Shittle (n.) A shuttle.

Shittlecock (n.) A shuttlecock.

Shittleness (n.) Instability; inconstancy.

Shive (n.) A slice; as, a shive of bread.

Shive (n.) A thin piece or fragment; specifically, one of the scales or pieces of the woody part of flax removed by the operation of breaking.

Shive (n.) A thin, flat cork used for stopping a wide-mouthed bottle; also, a thin wooden bung for casks.

Shiver (n.) One of the small pieces, or splinters, into which a brittle thing is broken by sudden violence; -- generally used in the plural.

Shiver (n.) A thin slice; a shive.

Shiver (n.) A variety of blue slate.

Shiver (n.) A sheave or small wheel in a pulley.

Shiver (n.) A small wedge, as for fastening the bolt of a window shutter.

Shiver (n.) A spindle.

Shiver (n.) The act of shivering or trembling.

Shiver-spar (n.) A variety of calcite, so called from its slaty structure; -- called also slate spar.

Shoad (n.) A train of vein material mixed with rubbish; fragments of ore which have become separated by the action of water or the weather, and serve to direct in the discovery of mines.

Shoading (n.) The tracing of veins of metal by shoads.

Shoal (n.) A great multitude assembled; a crowd; a throng; -- said especially of fish; as, a shoal of bass.

Shoal (n.) A place where the water of a sea, lake, river, pond, etc., is shallow; a shallow.

Shoal (n.) A sandbank or bar which makes the water shoal.

Shoa

Shoar (n.) A prop. See 3d Shore.

Shoat (n.) A young hog. Same as Shote.

Shock (n.) A pile or assemblage of sheaves of grain, as wheat, rye, or the like, set up in a field, the sheaves varying in number from twelve to sixteen; a stook.

Shock (n.) A lot consisting of sixty pieces; -- a term applied in some Baltic ports to loose goods.

Shock (n.) A quivering or shaking which is the effect of a blow, collision, or violent impulse; a blow, impact, or collision; a concussion; a sudden violent impulse or onset.

Shock (n.) A sudden agitation of the mind or feelings; a sensation of pleasure or pain caused by something unexpected or overpowering; also, a sudden agitating or overpowering event.

Shock (n.) A sudden depression of the vital forces of the entire body, or of a port of it, marking some profound impression produced upon the nervous system, as by severe injury, overpowering emotion, or the like.

Shock (n.) The sudden convulsion or contraction of the muscles, with the feeling of a concussion, caused by the discharge, through the animal system, of electricity from a charged body.

Shock (n.) A dog with long hair or shag; -- called also shockdog.

Shock (n.) A thick mass of bushy hair; as, a head covered with a shock of sandy hair.

Shockdog (n.) See 7th Shock, 1.

Shoddyism (n.) The quality or state of being shoddy.

Shoder (n.) A package of gold beater's skins in which gold is subjected to the second process of beating.

Shoe (n.) A covering for the human foot, usually made of leather, having a thick and somewhat stiff sole and a lighter top. It differs from a boot on not extending so far up the leg.

Shoe (n.) Anything resembling a shoe in form, position, or use.

Shoe (n.) A plate or rim of iron nailed to the hoof of an animal to defend it from injury.

Shoe (n.) A band of iron or steel, or a ship of wood, fastened to the bottom of the runner of a sleigh, or any vehicle which slides on the snow.

Shoe (n.) A drag, or sliding piece of wood or iron, placed under the wheel of a loaded vehicle, to retard its motion in going down a hill.

Shoe (n.) The part of a railroad car brake which presses upon the wheel to retard its motion.

Shoe (n.) A trough-shaped or spout-shaped member, put at the bottom of the water leader coming from the eaves gutter, so as to throw the water off from the building.

Shoe (n.) The trough or spout for conveying the grain from the hopper to the eye of the millstone.

Shoe (n.) An inc

Shoe (n.) An iron socket or plate to take the thrust of a strut or rafter.

Shoe (n.) An iron socket to protect the point of a wooden pile.

Shoe (n.) A plate, or notched piece, interposed between a moving part and the stationary part on which it bears, to take the wear and afford means of adjustment; -- called also slipper, and gib.

Shoe (n.) To furnish with a shoe or shoes; to put a shoe or shoes on; as, to shoe a horse, a sled, an anchor.

Shoe (n.) To protect or ornament with something which serves the purpose of a shoe; to tip.

Shoebill (n.) A large African wading bird (Balaeniceps rex) allied to the storks and herons, and remarkable for its enormous broad swollen bill. It inhabits the valley of the White Nile. See Illust. (l.) of Beak.

Shoeblack (n.) One who polishes shoes.

Shoehorn (n.) Alt. of Shoeing-horn

Shoeing-horn (n.) A curved piece of polished horn, wood, or metal used to facilitate the entrance of the foot into a shoe.

Shoeing-horn (n.) Anything by which a transaction is facilitated; a medium; -- by way of contempt.

Shoeing-horn (n.) Anything which draws on or allures; an inducement.

Shoemaker (n.) One whose occupation it is to make shoes and boots.

Shoemaker (n.) The threadfish.

Shoemaker (n.) The runner, 12.

Shoemaking (n.) The business of a shoemaker.

Shoer (n.) One who fits shoes to the feet; one who furnishes or puts on shoes; as, a shoer of horses.

Shog (n.) A shock; a jog; a violent concussion or impulse.

Shogun (n.) A title originally conferred by the Mikado on the military governor of the eastern provinces of Japan. By gradual usurpation of power the Shoguns (known to foreigners as Tycoons) became finally the virtual rulers of Japan. The title was abolished in 1867.

Shogunate (n.) The office or dignity of a Shogun.

Shola (n.) See Sola.

Shole (n.) A plank fixed beneath an object, as beneath the rudder of a vessel, to protect it from injury; a plank on the ground under the end of a shore or the like.

Shole (n.) See Shoal.

Shonde (n.) Harm; disgrace; shame.

Shooi (n.) The Richardson's skua (Stercorarius parasiticus);- so called from its cry.

Shook (n.) A set of staves and headings sufficient in number for one hogshead, cask, barrel, or the like, trimmed, and bound together in compact form.

Shook (n.) A set of boards for a sugar box.

Shook (n.) The parts of a piece of house furniture, as a bedstead, packed together.

Shoon (n.) pl. of Shoe.

Shoot (n.) An inc

Shoot (n.) The act of shooting; the discharge of a missile; a shot; as, the shoot of a shuttle.

Shoot (n.) A young branch or growth.

Shoot (n.) A rush of water; a rapid.

Shoot (n.) A vein of ore running in the same general direction as the lode.

Shoot (n.) A weft thread shot through the shed by the shuttle; a pick.

Shoot (n.) A shoat; a young hog.

Shooter (n.) One who shoots, as an archer or a gunner.

Shooter (n.) That which shoots.

Shooter (n.) A firearm; as, a five-shooter.

Shooter (n.) A shooting star.

Shooting (n.) The act of one who, or that which, shoots; as, the shooting of an archery club; the shooting of rays of light.

Shooting (n.) A wounding or killing with a firearm; specifically (Sporting), the killing of game; as, a week of shooting.

Shooting (n.) A sensation of darting pain; as, a shooting in one's head.

Shop (n.) A building or an apartment in which goods, wares, drugs, etc., are sold by retail.

Shop (n.) A building in which mechanics or artisans work; as, a shoe shop; a car shop.

Shopboard (n.) A bench or board on which work is performed; a workbench.

Shopbook (n.) A book in which a tradesman keeps his accounts.

Shopboy (n.) A boy employed in a shop.

Shopgirl (n.) A girl employed in a shop.

Shopkeeper (n.) A trader who sells goods in a shop, or by retail; -- in distinction from one who sells by wholesale.

Shoplifter (n.) One who steals anything in a shop, or takes goods privately from a shop; one who, under pretense of buying goods, takes occasion to steal.

Shoplifting (n.) Larceny committed in a shop; the stealing of anything from a shop.

Shopmaid (n.) A shopgirl.

Shopman (n.) A shopkeeper; a retailer.

Shopman (n.) One who serves in a shop; a salesman.

Shopman (n.) One who works in a shop or a factory.

Shopper (n.) One who shops.

Shopshift (n.) The trick of a shopkeeper; deception.

Shopwalker (n.) One who walks about in a shop as an overseer and director. Cf. Floorwalker.

Shopwoman (n.) A woman employed in a shop.

Shorage (n.) Duty paid for goods brought on shore.

Shore (n.) A sewer.

Shore (n.) A prop, as a timber, placed as a brace or support against the side of a building or other structure; a prop placed beneath anything, as a beam, to prevent it from sinking or sagging.

Shoreling (n.) See Shorling.

Shorer (n.) One who, or that which, shores or props; a prop; a shore.

Shoring (n.) The act of supporting or strengthening with a prop or shore.

Shoring (n.) A system of props; props, collectively.

Shorling (n.) The skin of a sheen after the fleece is shorn off, as distinct from the morling, or skin taken from the dead sheep; also, a sheep of the first year's shearing.

Shorling (n.) A person who is shorn; a shaveling; hence, in contempt, a priest.

Short (n.) A summary account.

Short (n.) The part of milled grain sifted out which is next finer than the bran.

Short (n.) Short, inferior hemp.

Short (n.) Breeches; shortclothes.

Short (n.) A short sound, syllable, or vowel.

Shortage (n.) Amount or extent of deficiency, as determined by some requirement or standard; as, a shortage in money accounts.

Shortcake (n.) An unsweetened breakfast cake shortened with butter or lard, rolled thin, and baked.

Shortclothes (n.) Coverings for the legs of men or boys, consisting of trousers which reach only to the knees, -- worn with long stockings.

Shortcoming (n.) The act of falling, or coming short

Shortcoming (n.) The failure of a crop, or the like.

Shortcoming (n.) Neglect of, or failure in, performance of duty.

Shortener (n.) One who, or that which, shortens.

Shortening (n.) The act of making or becoming short or shorter.

Shortening (n.) That which renders pastry short or friable, as butter, lard, etc.

Shorthand (n.) A compendious and rapid method or writing by substituting characters, abbreviations, or symbols, for letters, words, etc.; short writing; stenography. See Illust. under Phonography.

Shorthead (n.) A sucking whale less than one year old; -- so called by sailors.

Shortness (n.) The quality or state of being short; want of reach or extension; brevity; deficiency; as, the shortness of a journey; the shortness of the days in winter; the shortness of an essay; the shortness of the memory; a shortness of provisions; shortness of breath.

Shortstop (n.) The player stationed in the field bewtween the second and third bases.

Shortwing (n.) Any one of several species of small wrenlike Asiatic birds having short wings and a short tail. They belong to Brachypterix, Callene, and allied genera.

Shot (n.) The act of shooting; discharge of a firearm or other weapon which throws a missile.

Shot (n.) A missile weapon, particularly a ball or bullet; specifically, whatever is discharged as a projectile from firearms or cannon by the force of an explosive.

Shot (n.) Small globular masses of lead, of various sizes, -- used chiefly for killing game; as, bird shot; buckshot.

Shot (n.) The flight of a missile, or the distance which it is, or can be, thrown; as, the vessel was distant more than a cannon shot.

Shot (n.) A marksman; one who practices shooting; as, an exellent shot.

Shot-clog (n.) A person tolerated only because he pays the shot, or reckoning, for the rest of the company, otherwise a mere clog on them.

Shotgun (n.) A light, smooth-bored gun, often double-barreled, especially designed for firing small shot at short range, and killing small game.

Shotten (n.) Having ejected the spawn; as, a shotten herring.

Shotten (n.) Shot out of its socket; dislocated, as a bone.

Shough (n.) A shockdog.

Shoulder (n.) The joint, or the region of the joint, by which the fore limb is connected with the body or with the shoulder girdle; the projection formed by the bones and muscles about that joint.

Shoulder (n.) The flesh and muscles connected with the shoulder joint; the upper part of the back; that part of the human frame on which it is most easy to carry a heavy burden; -- often used in the plural.

Shoulder (n.) Fig.: That which supports or sustains; support.

Shoulder (n.) That which resembles a human shoulder, as any protuberance or projection from the body of a thing.

Shoulder (n.) The upper joint of the fore leg and adjacent parts of an animal, dressed for market; as, a shoulder of mutton.

Shoulder (n.) The angle of a bastion included between the face and flank. See Illust. of Bastion.

Shoulder (n.) An abrupt projection which forms an abutment on an object, or limits motion, etc., as the projection around a tenon at the end of a piece of timber, the part of the top of a type which projects beyond the base of the raised character, etc.

Shout (n.) A loud burst of voice or voices; a vehement and sudden outcry, especially of a multitudes expressing joy, triumph, exultation, or animated courage.

Shouter (n.) One who shouts.

Shove (n.) The act of shoving; a forcible push.

Shoveboard (n.) Alt. of Shovegroat

Shovegroat (n.) The same as Shovelboard.

Shovelard (n.) Shoveler.

Shovelbill (n.) The shoveler.

Shovelboard (n.) A board on which a game is played, by pushing or driving pieces of metal or money to reach certain marks; also, the game itself. Called also shuffleboard, shoveboard, shovegroat, shovelpenny.

Shovelboard (n.) A game played on board ship in which the aim is to shove or drive with a cue wooden disks into divisions chalked on the deck; -- called also shuffleboard.

Shoveler (n.) One who, or that which, shovels.

Shoveler (n.) A river duck (Spatula clypeata), native of Europe and America. It has a large bill, broadest towards the tip. The male is handsomely variegated with green, blue, brown, black, and white on the body; the head and neck are dark green. Called also broadbill, spoonbill, shovelbill, and maiden duck. The Australian shoveler, or shovel-nosed duck (S. rhynchotis), is a similar species.

Shovelful (n.) As much as a shovel will hold; enough to fill a shovel.

Shovelhead (n.) A shark (Sphryna tiburio) allied to the hammerhead, and native of the warmer parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans; -- called also bonnet shark.

Shovelnose (n.) The common sand shark. See under Snad.

Shovelnose (n.) A small California shark (Heptranchias maculatus), which is taken for its oil.

Shovelnose (n.) A Pacific Ocean shark (Hexanchus corinus).

Shovelnose (n.) A ganoid fish of the Sturgeon family (Scaphirhynchus platyrhynchus) of the Mississippi and Ohio rivers; -- called also white sturgeon.

Show (n.) The act of showing, or bringing to view; exposure to sight; exhibition.

Show (n.) That which os shown, or brought to view; that which is arranged to be seen; a spectacle; an exhibition; as, a traveling show; a cattle show.

Show (n.) Proud or ostentatious display; parade; pomp.

Show (n.) Semblance; likeness; appearance.

Show (n.) False semblance; deceitful appearance; pretense.

Show (n.) A discharge, from the vagina, of mucus streaked with blood, occuring a short time before labor.

Show (n.) A pale blue flame, at the top of a candle flame, indicating the presence of fire damp.

Showbread (n.) Bread of exhibition; loaves to set before God; -- the term used in translating the various phrases used in the Hebrew and Greek to designate the loaves of bread which the priest of the week placed before the Lord on the golden table in the sanctuary. They were made of fine flour unleavened, and were changed every Sabbath. The loaves, twelve in number, represented the twelve tribes of Israel. They were to be eaten by the priests only, and in the Holy Place.

Shower (n.) One who shows or exhibits.

Shower (n.) That which shows; a mirror.

Shower (n.) A fall or rain or hail of short duration; sometimes, but rarely, a like fall of snow.

Shower (n.) That which resembles a shower in falling or passing through the air copiously and rapidly.

Shower (n.) A copious supply bestowed.

Showeriness (n.) Quality of being showery.

Showiness (n.) The quality or state of being showy; pompousness; great parade; ostentation.

Showing (n.) Appearance; display; exhibition.

Showing (n.) Presentation of facts; statement.

Showman (n.) One who exhibits a show; a proprietor of a show.

Showroom (n.) A room or apartment where a show is exhibited.

Showroom (n.) A room where merchandise is exposed for sale, or where samples are displayed.

Shrag (n.) A twig of a tree cut off.

Shragger (n.) One who lops; one who trims trees.

Shrap (n.) Alt. of Shrape

Shrape (n.) A place baited with chaff to entice birds.

Shrapnel (n.) A shrapnel shell; shrapnel shells, collectively.

Shred (n.) A long, narrow piece cut or torn off; a strip.

Shred (n.) In general, a fragment; a piece; a particle.

Shred (n.) To cut or tear into small pieces, particularly narrow and long pieces, as of cloth or leather.

Shred (n.) To lop; to prune; to trim.

Shredcook (n.) The fieldfare; -- so called from its harsh cry before rain.

Shredding (n.) The act of cutting or tearing into shreds.

Shredding (n.) That which is cut or torn off; a piece.

Shrewmouse (n.) A shrew; especially, the erd shrew.

Shriek (n.) A sharp, shrill outcry or scream; a shrill wild cry such as is caused by sudden or extreme terror, pain, or the like.

Shrieker (n.) One who utters a shriek.

Shrievalty (n.) The office, or sphere of jurisdiction, of a sheriff; sheriffalty.

Shrieve (n.) A sheriff.

Shrift (n.) The act of shriving.

Shrift (n.) Confession made to a priest, and the absolution consequent upon it.

Shright (n.) A shriek; shrieking.

Shrill (n.) A shrill sound.

Shrillness (n.) The quality or state of being shrill.

Shrimper (n.) One who fishes for shrimps.

Shrine (n.) A case, box, or receptacle, especially one in which are deposited sacred relics, as the bones of a saint.

Shrine (n.) Any sacred place, as an altar, tromb, or the like.

Shrine (n.) A place or object hallowed from its history or associations; as, a shrine of art.

Shrink (n.) The act shrinking; shrinkage; contraction; also, recoil; withdrawal.

Shrinkage (n.) The act of shrinking; a contraction into less bulk or measurement.

Shrinkage (n.) The amount of such contraction; the bulk or dimension lost by shrinking, as of grain, castings, etc.

Shrinkage (n.) Decrease in value; depreciation.

Shrinker (n.) One who shrinks; one who withdraws from danger.

Shrivalty (n.) Shrievalty.

Shriver (n.) One who shrives; a confessor.

Shriving (n.) Shrift; confession.

Shroff (n.) A banker, or changer of money.

Shroffage (n.) The examination of coins, and the separation of the good from the debased.

Shroud (n.) That which clothes, covers, conceals, or protects; a garment.

Shroud (n.) Especially, the dress for the dead; a winding sheet.

Shroud (n.) That which covers or shelters like a shroud.

Shroud (n.) A covered place used as a retreat or shelter, as a cave or den; also, a vault or crypt.

Shroud (n.) The branching top of a tree; foliage.

Shroud (n.) A set of ropes serving as stays to support the masts. The lower shrouds are secured to the sides of vessels by heavy iron bolts and are passed around the head of the lower masts.

Shroud (n.) One of the two annular plates at the periphery of a water wheel, which form the sides of the buckets; a shroud plate.

Shroud (n.) To cover with a shroud; especially, to inclose in a winding sheet; to dress for the grave.

Shroud (n.) To cover, as with a shroud; to protect completely; to cover so as to conceal; to hide; to veil.

Shrouding (n.) The shrouds. See Shroud, n., 7.

Shrovetide (n.) The days immediately preceding Ash Widnesday, especially the period between the evening before Quinguagesima Sunday and the morning of Ash Wednesday.

Shroving (n.) The festivity of Shrovetide.

Shrow (n.) A shrew.

Shrub (n.) A liquor composed of vegetable acid, especially lemon juice, and sugar, with spirit to preserve it.

Shrub (n.) A woody plant of less size than a tree, and usually with several stems from the same root.

Shrubbery (n.) A collection of shrubs.

Shrubbery (n.) A place where shrubs are planted.

Shrubbiness (n.) Quality of being shrubby.

Shruff (n.) Rubbish. Specifically: (a) Dross or refuse of metals. [Obs.] (b) Light, dry wood, or stuff used for fuel.

Shrug (n.) A drawing up of the shoulders, -- a motion usually expressing dislike, dread, or doubt.

Shuck (n.) A shock of grain.

Shuck (n.) A shell, husk, or pod; especially, the outer covering of such nuts as the hickory nut, butternut, peanut, and chestnut.

Shuck (n.) The shell of an oyster or clam.

Shucker (n.) One who shucks oysters or clams

Shudder (n.) The act of shuddering, as with fear.

Shude (n.) The husks and other refuse of rice mills, used to adulterate oil cake, or linseed cake.

Shuffle (n.) The act of shuffling; a mixing confusedly; a slovenly, dragging motion.

Shuffle (n.) A trick; an artifice; an evasion.

Shuffleboard (n.) See Shovelboard.

Shufflecap (n.) A play performed by shaking money in a hat or cap.

Shuffler (n.) One who shuffles.

Shuffler (n.) Either one of the three common American scaup ducks. See Scaup duck, under Scaup.

Shufflewing (n.) The hedg sparrow.

Shumac (n.) Sumac.

Shunter (n.) A person employed to shunt cars from one track to another.

Shut (n.) The act or time of shutting; close; as, the shut of a door.

Shut (n.) A door or cover; a shutter.

Shut (n.) The

Shute (n.) Same as Chute, or Shoot.

Shutter (n.) One who shuts or closes.

Shutter (n.) A movable cover or screen for a window, designed to shut out the light, to obstruct the view, or to be of some strength as a defense; a blind.

Shutter (n.) A removable cover, or a gate, for closing an aperture of any kind, as for closing the passageway for molten iron from a ladle.

Shuttle (n.) An instrument used in weaving for passing or shooting the thread of the woof from one side of the cloth to the other between the threads of the warp.

Shuttle (n.) The sliding thread holder in a sewing machine, which carries the lower thread through a loop of the upper thread, to make a lock stitch.

Shuttle (n.) A shutter, as for a channel for molten metal.

Shuttlecock (n.) A cork stuck with feathers, which is to be struck by a battledoor in play; also, the play itself.

Shuttlecork (n.) See Shuttlecock.

Shwan-pan (n.) See Schwan-pan.

Shy (n.) A sudden start aside, as by a horse.

Shy (n.) A side throw; a throw; a fling.

Shyness (n.) The quality or state of being shy.

Shyster (n.) A trickish knave; one who carries on any business, especially legal business, in a mean and dishonest way.

Siaga (n.) The ahu, or jairou.

Sialogogue (n.) An agent which promotes the flow of saliva.

Siamang (n.) A gibbon (Hylobates syndactylus), native of Sumatra. It has the second and third toes partially united by a web.

Sib (n.) A blood relation.

Sibbens (n.) A contagious disease, endemic in Scotland, resembling the yaws. It is marked by ulceration of the throat and nose and by pustules and soft fungous excrescences upon the surface of the body. In the Orkneys the name is applied to the itch.

Siberian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Siberia.

Sibilance (n.) Alt. of Sibilancy

Sibilancy (n.) The quality or state of being sibilant; sibilation.

Sibilant (n.) A sibiliant letter.

Sibilation (n.) Utterance with a hissing sound; also, the sound itself; a hiss.

Sibyl (n.) A woman supposed to be endowed with a spirit of prophecy.

Sibyl (n.) A female fortune teller; a pythoness; a prophetess.

Sibylist (n.) One who believes in a sibyl or the sibyl

Sicamore (n.) See Sycamore.

Sicca (n.) A seal; a coining die; -- used adjectively to designate the silver currency of the Mogul emperors, or the Indian rupee of 192 grains.

Siccation (n.) The act or process of drying.

Siccative (n.) That which promotes drying.

Siccity (n.) Dryness; aridity; destitution of moisture.

Sice (n.) The number six at dice.

Sicer (n.) A strong drink; cider.

Sicilian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Sicily.

Siciliano (n.) A Sicilian dance, resembling the pastorale, set to a rather slow and graceful melody in 12-8 or 6-8 measure; also, the music to the dance.

Sicilienne (n.) A kind of rich poplin.

Sick (n.) Sickness.

Sickerness (n.) Alt. of Sikerness

Sikerness (n.) The quality or state of being sicker, or certain.

Sickle (n.) A reaping instrument consisting of a steel blade curved into the form of a hook, and having a handle fitted on a tang. The sickle has one side of the blade notched, so as always to sharpen with a serrated edge. Cf. Reaping hook, under Reap.

Sickle (n.) A group of stars in the constellation Leo. See Illust. of Leo.

Sicklebill (n.) Any one of three species of humming birds of the genus Eutoxeres, native of Central and South America. They have a long and strongly curved bill. Called also the sickle-billed hummer.

Sicklebill (n.) A curlew.

Sicklebill (n.) A bird of the genus Epimachus and allied genera.

Sickleman (n.) One who uses a sickle; a reaper.

Sickler (n.) One who uses a sickle; a sickleman; a reaper.

Sicklewort (n.) A plant of the genus Coronilla (C. scorpioides); -- so named from its curved pods.

Sicklewort (n.) The healall (Brunella vulgaris).

Sick

Sickness (n.) The quality or state of being sick or diseased; illness; sisease or malady.

Sickness (n.) Nausea; qualmishness; as, sickness of stomach.

Sicle (n.) A shekel.

Sida (n.) A genus of malvaceous plants common in the tropics. All the species are mucilaginous, and some have tough ligneous fibers which are used as a substitute for hemp and flax.

Side (n.) The margin, edge, verge, or border of a surface; especially (when the thing spoken of is somewhat oblong in shape), one of the longer edges as distinguished from the shorter edges, called ends; a bounding

Side (n.) Any outer portion of a thing considered apart from, and yet in relation to, the rest; as, the upper side of a sphere; also, any part or position viewed as opposite to or contrasted with another; as, this or that side.

Side (n.) One of the halves of the body, of an animals or man, on either side of the mesial plane; or that which pertains to such a half; as, a side of beef; a side of sole leather.

Side (n.) The right or left part of the wall or trunk of the body; as, a pain in the side.

Side (n.) A slope or declivity, as of a hill, considered as opposed to another slope over the ridge.

Side (n.) The position of a person or party regarded as opposed to another person or party, whether as a rival or a foe; a body of advocates or partisans; a party; hence, the interest or cause which one maintains against another; a doctrine or view opposed to another.

Side (n.) A

Side (n.) Fig.: Aspect or part regarded as contrasted with some other; as, the bright side of poverty.

Side (n.) Long; large; extensive.

Sideboard (n.) A piece of dining-room furniture having compartments and shelves for keeping or displaying articles of table service.

Sidebone (n.) A morbid growth or deposit of bony matter and at the sides of the coronet and coffin bone of a horse.

Sidehill (n.) The side or slope of a hill; sloping ground; a descent.

Sidepiece (n.) The jamb, or cheek, of an opening in a wall, as of door or window.

Sider (n.) One who takes a side.

Sider (n.) Cider.

Sideration (n.) The state of being siderated, or planet-struck; esp., blast in plants; also, a sudden and apparently causeless stroke of disease, as in apoplexy or paralysis.

Siderite (n.) Carbonate of iron, an important ore of iron occuring generally in cleavable masses, but also in rhombohedral crystals. It is of a light yellowish brown color. Called also sparry iron, spathic iron.

Siderite (n.) A meteorite consisting solely of metallic iron.

Siderite (n.) An indigo-blue variety of quartz.

Siderite (n.) Formerly, magnetic iron ore, or loadstone.

Siderite (n.) Any plant of the genus Sideritis; ironwort.

Siderographist (n.) One skilled in siderography.

Siderography (n.) The art or practice of steel engraving; especially, the process, invented by Perkins, of multiplying facsimiles of an engraved steel plate by first rolling over it, when hardened, a soft steel cylinder, and then rolling the cylinder, when hardened, over a soft steel plate, which thus becomes a facsimile of the original. The process has been superseded by electrotypy.

Siderolite (n.) A kind of meteorite. See under Meteorite.

Sideromancy (n.) Divination by burning straws on red-hot iron, and noting the manner of their burning.

Sideroscope (n.) An instrument for detecting small quantities of iron in any substance by means of a very delicate combination of magnetic needles.

Siderosis (n.) A sort of pneumonia occuring in iron workers, produced by the inhalation of particles of iron.

Siderostat (n.) An apparatus consisting essentially of a mirror moved by clockwork so as to throw the rays of the sun or a star in a fixed direction; -- a more general term for heliostat.

Sideroxylon (n.) A genus of tropical sapotaceous trees noted for their very hard wood; ironwood.

Sidesaddle (n.) A saddle for women, in which the rider sits with both feet on one side of the animal mounted.

Sidesman (n.) A party man; a partisan.

Sidesman (n.) An assistant to the churchwarden; a questman.

Side-taking (n.) A taking sides, as with a party, sect, or faction.

Sidewalk (n.) A walk for foot passengers at the side of a street or road; a foot pavement.

Sidewinder (n.) See Horned rattler, under Horned.

Sidewinder (n.) A heavy swinging blow from the side, which disables an adversary.

Siding (n.) Attaching one's self to a party.

Siding (n.) A side track, as a railroad; a turnout.

Siding (n.) The covering of the outside wall of a frame house, whether made of weatherboards, vertical boarding with cleats, shingles, or the like.

Siding (n.) The thickness of a rib or timber, measured, at right angles with its side, across the curved edge; as, a timber having a siding of ten inches.

Siege (n.) A seat; especially, a royal seat; a throne.

Siege (n.) Hence, place or situation; seat.

Siege (n.) Rank; grade; station; estimation.

Siege (n.) Passage of excrements; stool; fecal matter.

Siege (n.) The sitting of an army around or before a fortified place for the purpose of compelling the garrison to surrender; the surrounding or investing of a place by an army, and approaching it by passages and advanced works, which cover the besiegers from the enemy's fire. See the Note under Blockade.

Siege (n.) Hence, a continued attempt to gain possession.

Siege (n.) The floor of a glass-furnace.

Siege (n.) A workman's bench.

Siegework (n.) A temporary fort or parallel where siege guns are mounted.

Sienite (n.) See Syenite.

Sienna (n.) Clay that is colored red or brown by the oxides of iron or manganese, and used as a pigment. It is used either in the raw state or burnt.

Sierra (n.) A ridge of mountain and craggy rocks, with a serrated or irregular out

Siesta (n.) A short sleep taken about the middle of the day, or after dinner; a midday nap.

Sieur (n.) Sir; -- a title of respect used by the French.

Sieva (n.) A small variety of the Lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus).

Sieve (n.) A utensil for separating the finer and coarser parts of a pulverized or granulated substance from each other. It consist of a vessel, usually shallow, with the bottom perforated, or made of hair, wire, or the like, woven in meshes.

Sieve (n.) A kind of coarse basket.

Sifac (n.) The white indris of Madagascar. It is regarded by the natives as sacred.

Sifflement (n.) The act of whistling or hissing; a whistling sound; sibilation.

Sifilet (n.) The six-shafted bird of paradise. See Paradise bird, under Paradise.

Sifter (n.) One who, or that which, sifts.

Sifter (n.) Any lamellirostral bird, as a duck or goose; -- so called because it sifts or strains its food from the water and mud by means of the lamell/ of the beak.

Sigher (n.) One who sighs.

Sightfulness (n.) The state of being sightful; perspicuity.

Sight-hole (n.) A hole for looking through; a peephole.

Sight

Sight-seeing (n.) The act of seeing sights; eagerness for novelties or curiosities.

Sight-seer (n.) One given to seeing sights or noted things, or eager for novelties or curiosities.

Sight-shot (n.) Distance to which the sight can reach or be thrown.

Sightsman (n.) One who reads or performs music readily at first sight.

Sigil (n.) A seal; a signature.

Sigillaria (n.) A genus of fossil trees principally found in the coal formation; -- so named from the seallike leaf scars in vertical rows on the surface.

Sigillarid (n.) One of an extinct family of cryptagamous trees, including the genus Sigillaria and its allies.

Sigillum (n.) A seal.

Sigma (n.) The Greek letter /, /, or / (English S, or s). It originally had the form of the English C.

Sigmodont (n.) Any one of a tribe (Sigmodontes) of rodents which includes all the indigenous rats and mice of America. So called from the form of the ridges of enamel on the crowns of the worn molars. Also used adjectively.

Sign (n.) That by which anything is made known or represented; that which furnishes evidence; a mark; a token; an indication; a proof.

Sign (n.) A remarkable event, considered by the ancients as indicating the will of some deity; a prodigy; an omen.

Sign (n.) An event considered by the Jews as indicating the divine will, or as manifesting an interposition of the divine power for some special end; a miracle; a wonder.

Sign (n.) Something serving to indicate the existence, or preserve the memory, of a thing; a token; a memorial; a monument.

Sign (n.) Any symbol or emblem which prefigures, typifles, or represents, an idea; a type; hence, sometimes, a picture.

Sign (n.) A word or a character regarded as the outward manifestation of thought; as, words are the sign of ideas.

Sign (n.) A motion, an action, or a gesture by which a thought is expressed, or a command or a wish made known.

Sign (n.) Hence, one of the gestures of pantomime, or of a language of a signs such as those used by the North American Indians, or those used by the deaf and dumb.

Sign (n.) A military emblem carried on a banner or a standard.

Sign (n.) A lettered board, or other conspicuous notice, placed upon or before a building, room, shop, or office to advertise the business there transacted, or the name of the person or firm carrying it on; a publicly displayed token or notice.

Sign (n.) The twelfth part of the ecliptic or zodiac.

Sign (n.) A character indicating the relation of quantities, or an operation performed upon them; as, the sign + (plus); the sign -- (minus); the sign of division O, and the like.

Sign (n.) An objective evidence of disease; that is, one appreciable by some one other than the patient.

Sign (n.) Any character, as a flat, sharp, dot, etc.

Sign (n.) That which, being external, stands for, or signifies, something internal or spiritual; -- a term used in the Church of England in speaking of an ordinance considered with reference to that which it represents.

Sign (n.) To represent by a sign; to make known in a typical or emblematic manner, in distinction from speech; to signify.

Sign (n.) To make a sign upon; to mark with a sign.

Sign (n.) To affix a signature to; to ratify by hand or seal; to subscribe in one's own handwriting.

Sign (n.) To assign or convey formally; -- used with away.

Sign (n.) To mark; to make distinguishable.

Signal (n.) A sign made for the purpose of giving notice to a person of some occurence, command, or danger; also, a sign, event, or watchword, which has been agreed upon as the occasion of concerted action.

Signal (n.) A token; an indication; a foreshadowing; a sign.

Signalist (n.) One who makes signals; one who communicates intelligence by means of signals.

Signality (n.) The quality or state of being signal or remarkable.

Signalman (n.) A man whose business is to manage or display signals; especially, one employed in setting the signals by which railroad trains are run or warned.

Signalment (n.) The act of signaling, or of signalizing; hence, description by peculiar, appropriate, or characteristic marks.

Signatory (n.) A signer; one who signs or subscribes; as, a conference of signatories.

Signaturist (n.) One who holds to the doctrine of signatures impressed upon objects, indicative of character or qualities.

Signboard (n.) A board, placed on or before a shop, office, etc., on which ssome notice is given, as the name of a firm, of a business, or the like.

Signer (n.) One who signs or subscribes his name; as, a memorial with a hundred signers.

Signet (n.) A seal; especially, in England, the seal used by the sovereign in sealing private letters and grants that pass by bill under the sign manual; -- called also privy signet.

Significance (n.) Alt. of Significancy

Significancy (n.) The quality or state of being significant.

Significancy (n.) That which is signified; meaning; import; as, the significance of a nod, of a motion of the hand, or of a word or expression.

Significancy (n.) Importance; moment; weight; consequence.

Significant (n.) That which has significance; a sign; a token; a symbol.

Significate (n.) One of several things signified by a common term.

Signification (n.) The act of signifying; a making known by signs or other means.

Signification (n.) That which is signified or made known; that meaning which a sign, character, or token is intended to convey; as, the signification of words.

Significator (n.) One who, or that which, signifies.

Significatory (n.) That which is significatory.

Significavit (n.) Formerly, a writ issuing out of chancery, upon certificate given by the ordinary, of a man's standing excommunicate by the space of forty days, for the laying him up in prison till he submit himself to the authority of the church.

Signify (n.) To show by a sign; to communicate by any conventional token, as words, gestures, signals, or the like; to announce; to make known; to declare; to express; as, a signified his desire to be present.

Signify (n.) To mean; to import; to denote; to betoken.

Signior (n.) Sir; Mr. The English form and pronunciation for the Italian Signor and the Spanish Se?or.

Signiorship (n.) State or position of a signior.

Signiory (n.) Same as Seigniory.

Signor (n.) Alt. of Signore

Signore (n.) Sir; Mr.; -- a title of address or respect among the Italians. Before a noun the form is Signor.

Signora (n.) Madam; Mrs; -- a title of address or respect among the Italians.

Signorina (n.) Miss; -- a title of address among the Italians.

Signpost (n.) A post on which a sign hangs, or on which papers are placed to give public notice of anything.

Sike (n.) A gutter; a stream, such as is usually dry in summer.

Sike (n.) A sick person.

Sike (n.) A sigh.

Siker (n.) Alt. of Sikerness

Sikerly (n.) Alt. of Sikerness

Sikerness (n.) See 2d Sicker, Sickerly, etc.

Sile (n.) A sieve with fine meshes.

Sile (n.) Filth; sediment.

Sile (n.) A young or small herring.

Silence (n.) The state of being silent; entire absence of sound or noise; absolute stillness.

Silence (n.) Forbearance from, or absence of, speech; taciturnity; muteness.

Silence (n.) Secrecy; as, these things were transacted in silence.

Silence (n.) The cessation of rage, agitation, or tumilt; calmness; quiest; as, the elements were reduced to silence.

Silence (n.) Absence of mention; oblivion.

Silene (n.) A genus of caryophyllaceous plants, usually covered with a viscid secretion by which insects are caught; catchfly.

Silent (n.) That which is silent; a time of silence.

Silentiary (n.) One appointed to keep silence and order in court; also, one sworn not to divulge secrets of state.

Silentness (n.) State of being silent; silence.

Silenus (n.) See Wanderoo.

Silesia (n.) A kind of

Silesia (n.) A twilled cotton fabric, used for dress linings.

Silesian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Silesia.

Silex (n.) Silica, SiO2 as found in nature, constituting quarz, and most sands and sandstones. See Silica, and Silicic.

Silhouette (n.) A representation of the out

Silica (n.) Silicon dioxide, SiO/. It constitutes ordinary quartz (also opal and tridymite), and is artifically prepared as a very fine, white, tasteless, inodorous powder.

Silicate (n.) A salt of silicic acid.

Silicatization (n.) Silicification.

Silicide (n.) A binary compound of silicon, or one regarded as binary.

Silicification (n.) Thae act or process of combining or impregnating with silicon or silica; the state of being so combined or impregnated; as, the silicification of wood.

Silicium (n.) See Silicon.

Silicle (n.) A seed vessel resembling a silique, but about as broad as it is long. See Silique.

Silicofluoride (n.) A fluosilicate; a salt of silicofluoric acid.

Silicon (n.) A nonmetalic element analogous to carbon. It always occurs combined in nature, and is artificially obtained in the free state, usually as a dark brown amorphous powder, or as a dark crystal

Silicula (n.) A silicle.

Silicule (n.) A silicle.

Siliqua (n.) Same as Silique.

Siliqua (n.) A weight of four grains; a carat; -- a term used by jewelers, and refiners of gold.

Silique (n.) An oblong or elongated seed vessel, consisting of two valves with a dissepiment between, and opening by sutures at either margin. The seeds are attached to both edges of the dissepiment, alternately upon each side of it.

Silk (n.) The fine, soft thread produced by various species of caterpillars in forming the cocoons within which the worm is inclosed during the pupa state, especially that produced by the larvae of Bombyx mori.

Silk (n.) Hence, thread spun, or cloth woven, from the above-named material.

Silk (n.) That which resembles silk, as the filiform styles of the female flower of maize.

Silkiness (n.) The quality or state of being silky or silken; softness and smoothness.

Silkiness (n.) Fig.: Effeminacy; weakness.

Silkman (n.) A dealer in silks; a silk mercer.

Silkness (n.) Silkiness.

Silkweed (n.) Any plant of the genera Asclepias and Acerates whose seed vessels contain a long, silky down; milkweed.

Silkworm (n.) The larva of any one of numerous species of bombycid moths, which spins a large amount of strong silk in constructing its cocoon before changing to a pupa.

Sill (n.) The basis or foundation of a thing; especially, a horizontal piece, as a timber, which forms the lower member of a frame, or supports a structure; as, the sills of a house, of a bridge, of a loom, and the like.

Sill (n.) The timber or stone at the foot of a door; the threshold.

Sill (n.) The timber or stone on which a window frame stands; or, the lowest piece in a window frame.

Sill (n.) The floor of a gallery or passage in a mine.

Sill (n.) A piece of timber across the bottom of a canal lock for the gates to shut against.

Sill (n.) The shaft or thill of a carriage.

Sill (n.) A young herring.

Sillabub (n.) A dish made by mixing wine or cider with milk, and thus forming a soft curd; also, sweetened cream, flavored with wine and beaten to a stiff froth.

Siller (n.) Silver.

Sillimanite (n.) Same as Fibrolite.

Sil

Sillock (n.) The pollock, or coalfish.

Sillon (n.) A work raised in the middle of a wide ditch, to defend it.

Silly (n.) Happy; fortunate; blessed.

Silly (n.) Harmless; innocent; inoffensive.

Silly (n.) Weak; helpless; frail.

Silly (n.) Rustic; plain; simple; humble.

Silly (n.) Weak in intellect; destitute of ordinary strength of mind; foolish; witless; simple; as, a silly woman.

Silly (n.) Proceeding from want of understanding or common judgment; characterized by weakness or folly; unwise; absurd; stupid; as, silly conduct; a silly question.

Silo (n.) A pit or vat for packing away green fodder for winter use so as to exclude air and outside moisture. See Ensilage.

Silt (n.) Mud or fine earth deposited from running or standing water.

Silure (n.) A fish of the genus Silurus, as the sheatfish; a siluroid.

Silurian (n.) The Silurian age.

Siluridan (n.) Any fish of the family Siluridae or of the order Siluroidei.

Siluroid (n.) Belonging to the Siluroidei, or Nematognathi, an order of fishes including numerous species, among which are the American catfishes and numerous allied fresh-water species of the Old World, as the sheatfish (Silurus glanis) of Europe.

Siluroid (n.) A siluroid fish.

Silurus (n.) A genus of large malacopterygious fishes of the order Siluroidei. They inhabit the inland waters of Europe and Asia.

Silva (n.) The forest trees of a region or country, considered collectively.

Silva (n.) A description or history of the forest trees of a country.

Silvan (n.) See Sylvanium.

Silvanite (n.) See Sylvanite.

Silvate (n.) Same as Sylvate.

Silver (n.) A soft white metallic element, sonorous, ductile, very malleable, and capable of a high degree of polish. It is found native, and also combined with sulphur, arsenic, antimony, chlorine, etc., in the minerals argentite, proustite, pyrargyrite, ceragyrite, etc. Silver is one of the "noble" metals, so-called, not being easily oxidized, and is used for coin, jewelry, plate, and a great variety of articles. Symbol Ag (Argentum). Atomic weight 107.7. Specific gravity 10.5.

Silver (n.) Coin made of silver; silver money.

Silver (n.) Anything having the luster or appearance of silver.

Silver (n.) The color of silver.

Silverback (n.) The knot.

Silverberry (n.) A tree or shrub (Elaeagnus argentea) with silvery foliage and fruit.

Silverbill (n.) An Old World finch of the genus Minia, as the M. Malabarica of India, and M. cantans of Africa.

Silverboom (n.) See Leucadendron.

Silverfin (n.) A small North American fresh-water cyprinoid fish (Notropis Whipplei).

Silverfish (n.) The tarpum.

Silverfish (n.) A white variety of the goldfish.

Silveriness (n.) The state of being silvery.

Silvering (n.) The art or process of covering metals, wood, paper, glass, etc., with a thin film of metallic silver, or a substance resembling silver; also, the firm do laid on; as, the silvering of a glass speculum.

Silverling (n.) A small silver coin.

Silversides (n.) Any one of several species of small fishes of the family Atherinidae, having a silvery stripe along each side of the body. The common species of the American coast (Menidia notata) is very abundant. Called also silverside, sand smelt, friar, tailor, and tinker.

Silversmith (n.) One whose occupation is to manufacture utensils, ornaments, etc., of silver; a worker in silver.

Silverspot (n.) Any one of numerous species of butterflies of the genus Argynnis and allied genera, having silvery spots on the under side of the wings. See Illust. under Aphrodite.

Silverware (n.) Dishes, vases, ornaments, and utensils of various sorts, made of silver.

Silverweed (n.) A perennial rosaceous herb (Potentilla Anserina) having the leaves silvery white beneath.

Silviculture (n.) See Sylviculture.

Sima (n.) A cyma.

Simagre (n.) A grimace.

Simar (n.) A woman's long dress or robe; also light covering; a scarf.

Simblot (n.) The harness of a drawloom.

Simia (n.) A Linnaean genus of Quadrumana which included the types of numerous modern genera. By modern writers it is usually restricted to the genus which includes the orang-outang.

Simian (n.) Any Old World monkey or ape.

Similar (n.) That which is similar to, or resembles, something else, as in quality, form, etc.

Similarity (n.) The quality or state of being similar; likeness; resemblance; as, a similarity of features.

Simile (n.) A word or phrase by which anything is likened, in one or more of its aspects, to something else; a similitude; a poetical or imaginative comparison.

Similiter (n.) The technical name of the form by which either party, in pleading, accepts the issue tendered by his opponent; -- called sometimes a joinder in issue.

Similitude (n.) The quality or state of being similar or like; resemblance; likeness; similarity; as, similitude of substance.

Similitude (n.) The act of likening, or that which likens, one thing to another; fanciful or imaginative comparison; a simile.

Similitude (n.) That which is like or similar; a representation, semblance, or copy; a facsimile.

Similor (n.) An alloy of copper and zinc, resembling brass, but of a golden color.

Simitar (n.) See Scimiter.

Simnel (n.) A kind of cake made of fine flour; a cracknel.

Simnel (n.) A kind of rich plum cake, eaten especially on Mid-Lent Sunday.

Simoniac (n.) One who practices simony, or who buys or sells preferment in the church.

Simonian (n.) One of the followers of Simon Magus; also, an adherent of certain heretical sects in the early Christian church.

Simonist (n.) One who practices simony.

Simony (n.) The crime of buying or selling ecclesiastical preferment; the corrupt presentation of any one to an ecclesiastical benefice for money or reward.

Simoom (n.) Alt. of Simoon

Simoon (n.) A hot, dry, suffocating, dust-laden wind, that blows occasionally in Arabia, Syria, and neighboring countries, generated by the extreme heat of the parched deserts or sandy plains.

Simpai (n.) A long-tailed monkey (Semnopitchecus melalophus) native of Sumatra. It has a crest of black hair. The forehead and cheeks are fawn color, the upper parts tawny and red, the under parts white. Called also black-crested monkey, and sinpae.

Simper (n.) A constrained, self-conscious smile; an affected, silly smile; a smirk.

Simperer (n.) One who simpers.

Simpleness (n.) The quality or state of being simple; simplicity.

Simpler (n.) One who collects simples, or medicinal plants; a herbalist; a simplist.

Simpless (n.) Simplicity; sil

Simpleton (n.) A person of weak intellect; a silly person.

Simplician (n.) One who is simple.

Simplicity (n.) The quality or state of being simple, unmixed, or uncompounded; as, the simplicity of metals or of earths.

Simplicity (n.) The quality or state of being not complex, or of consisting of few parts; as, the simplicity of a machine.

Simplicity (n.) Artlessness of mind; freedom from cunning or duplicity; lack of acuteness and sagacity.

Simplicity (n.) Freedom from artificial ornament, pretentious style, or luxury; plainness; as, simplicity of dress, of style, or of language; simplicity of diet; simplicity of life.

Simplicity (n.) Freedom from subtlety or abstruseness; clearness; as, the simplicity of a doctrine; the simplicity of an explanation or a demonstration.

Simplicity (n.) Weakness of intellect; sil

Simplification (n.) The act of simplifying.

Simplist (n.) One skilled in simples, or medicinal plants; a simpler.

Simplity (n.) Simplicity.

Simploce (n.) See Symploce.

Simulacher (n.) Alt. of Simulachre

Simulachre (n.) See Simulacrum.

Simulacrum (n.) A likeness; a semblance; a mock appearance; a sham; -- now usually in a derogatory sense.

Simular (n.) One who pretends to be what he is not; one who, or that which, simulates or counterfeits something; a pretender.

Simulation (n.) The act of simulating, or assuming an appearance which is feigned, or not true; -- distinguished from dissimulation, which disguises or conceals what is true.

Simulator (n.) One who simulates, or feigns.

Simultaneity (n.) The quality or state of being simultaneous; simultaneousness.

Simulty (n.) Private grudge or quarrel; as, domestic simulties.

Sin (n.) Transgression of the law of God; disobedience of the divine command; any violation of God's will, either in purpose or conduct; moral deficiency in the character; iniquity; as, sins of omission and sins of commission.

Sin (n.) An offense, in general; a violation of propriety; a misdemeanor; as, a sin against good manners.

Sin (n.) A sin offering; a sacrifice for sin.

Sin (n.) An embodiment of sin; a very wicked person.

Sin (n.) To depart voluntarily from the path of duty prescribed by God to man; to violate the divine law in any particular, by actual transgression or by the neglect or nonobservance of its injunctions; to violate any known rule of duty; -- often followed by against.

Sin (n.) To violate human rights, law, or propriety; to commit an offense; to trespass; to transgress.

Sinalbin (n.) A glucoside found in the seeds of white mustard (Brassica alba, formerly Sinapis alba), and extracted as a white crystal

Sinamine (n.) A bitter white crystal

Sinapate (n.) A salt of sinapic acid.

Sinapine (n.) An alkaloid occuring in the seeds of mustard. It is extracted, in combination with sulphocyanic acid, as a white crystal

Sinapis (n.) A disused generic name for mustard; -- now called Brassica.

Sinapisin (n.) A substance extracted from mustard seed and probably identical with sinalbin.

Sinapism (n.) A plaster or poultice composed principally of powdered mustard seed, or containing the volatile oil of mustard seed. It is a powerful irritant.

Sinapo

Sinca

Sincereness (n.) Same as Sincerity.

Sincerity (n.) The quality or state of being sincere; honesty of mind or intention; freedom from simulation, hypocrisy, disguise, or false pretense; sincereness.

Sinch (n.) A saddle girth made of leather, canvas, woven horsehair, or woven grass.

Sinciput (n.) The fore part of the head.

Sinciput (n.) The part of the head of a bird between the base of the bill and the vertex.

Sindon (n.) A wrapper.

Sindon (n.) A small rag or pledget introduced into the hole in the cranium made by a trephine.

Sine (n.) The length of a perpendicular drawn from one extremity of an arc of a circle to the diameter drawn through the other extremity.

Sine (n.) The perpendicular itself. See Sine of angle, below.

Sinecure (n.) An ecclesiastical benefice without the care of souls.

Sinecure (n.) Any office or position which requires or involves little or no responsibility, labor, or active service.

Sinecurism (n.) The state of having a sinecure.

Sinecurist (n.) One who has a sinecure.

Sinew (n.) A tendon or tendonous tissue. See Tendon.

Sinew (n.) Muscle; nerve.

Sinew (n.) Fig.: That which supplies strength or power.

Sinewiness (n.) Quality of being sinewy.

Singe (n.) A burning of the surface; a slight burn.

Singer (n.) One who, or that which, singes.

Singer (n.) One employed to singe cloth.

Singer (n.) A machine for singeing cloth.

Singer (n.) One who sings; especially, one whose profession is to sing.

Singeress (n.) A songstress.

Single (n.) A unit; one; as, to score a single.

Single (n.) The reeled filaments of silk, twisted without doubling to give them firmness.

Single (n.) A handful of gleaned grain.

Single (n.) A game with but one player on each side; -- usually in the plural.

Single (n.) A hit by a batter which enables him to reach first base only.

Single-foot (n.) An irregular gait of a horse; -- called also single-footed pace. See Single, v. i.

Singleness (n.) The quality or state of being single, or separate from all others; the opposite of doubleness, complication, or multiplicity.

Singleness (n.) Freedom from duplicity, or secondary and selfish ends; purity of mind or purpose; simplicity; sincerity; as, singleness of purpose; singleness of heart.

Singlestick (n.) In England and Scotland, a cudgel used in fencing or fighting; a backsword.

Singlestick (n.) The game played with singlesticks, in which he who first brings blood from his adversary's head is pronounced victor; backsword; cudgeling.

Singlet (n.) An un

Singleton (n.) In certain games at cards, as whist, a single card of any suit held at the deal by a player; as, to lead a singleton.

Singletree (n.) The pivoted or swinging bar to which the traces of a harnessed horse are fixed; a whiffletree.

Sing-sing (n.) The kob.

Singsong (n.) Bad singing or poetry.

Singsong (n.) A drawling or monotonous tone, as of a badly executed song.

Singster (n.) A songstress.

Singular (n.) An individual instance; a particular.

Singular (n.) The singular number, or the number denoting one person or thing; a word in the singular number.

Singularist (n.) One who affects singularity.

Singularity (n.) The quality or state of being singular; some character or quality of a thing by which it is distinguished from all, or from most, others; peculiarity.

Singularity (n.) Anything singular, rare, or curious.

Singularity (n.) Possession of a particular or exclusive privilege, prerogative, or distinction.

Singularity (n.) Celibacy.

Singult (n.) A sigh or sobbing; also, a hiccough.

Singultus (n.) Hiccough.

Sinigrin (n.) A glucoside found in the seeds of black mustard (Brassica nigra, formerly Sinapis nigra) It resembles sinalbin, and consists of a potassium salt of myronic acid.

Sinistrality (n.) The quality or state of being sinistral.

Sinistrin (n.) A mucilaginous carbohydrate, resembling achroodextrin, extracted from squill as a colorless amorphous substance; -- so called because it is levorotatory.

Sink (n.) A drain to carry off filthy water; a jakes.

Sink (n.) A shallow box or vessel of wood, stone, iron, or other material, connected with a drain, and used for receiving filthy water, etc., as in a kitchen.

Sink (n.) A hole or low place in land or rock, where waters sink and are lost; -- called also sink hole.

Sinker (n.) One who, or that which, sinks.

Sinker (n.) A weight on something, as on a fish

Sinker (n.) In knitting machines, one of the thin plates, blades, or other devices, that depress the loops upon or between the needles.

Sinner (n.) One who has sinned; especially, one who has sinned without repenting; hence, a persistent and incorrigible transgressor; one condemned by the law of God.

Sinneress (n.) A woman who sins.

Sinnet (n.) See Sennit .

Sinologist (n.) A sinologue.

Sinologue (n.) A student of Chinese; one versed in the Chinese language, literature, and history.

Sinology (n.) That branch of systemized knowledge which treats of the Chinese, their language, literature, etc.

Sinoper (n.) Sinople.

Sinopia (n.) Alt. of Sinopis

Sinopis (n.) A red pigment made from sinopite.

Sinopite (n.) A brickred ferruginous clay used by the ancients for red paint.

Sinople (n.) Ferruginous quartz, of a blood-red or brownish red color, sometimes with a tinge of yellow.

Sinople (n.) The tincture vert; green.

Sinque (n.) See Cinque.

Sinsring (n.) Same as Banxring.

Sinter (n.) Dross, as of iron; the scale which files from iron when hammered; -- applied as a name to various minerals.

Sintoc (n.) A kind of spice used in the East Indies, consisting of the bark of a species of Cinnamomum.

Sinuation (n.) A winding or bending in and out.

Sinuosity (n.) Quality or state of being sinuous.

Sinuosity (n.) A bend, or a series of bends and turns; a winding, or a series of windings; a wave

Sinus (n.) An opening; a hollow; a bending.

Sinus (n.) A bay of the sea; a recess in the shore.

Sinus (n.) A cavity; a depression.

Sinus (n.) A cavity in a bone or other part, either closed or with a narrow opening.

Sinus (n.) A dilated vessel or canal.

Sinus (n.) A narrow, elongated cavity, in which pus is collected; an elongated abscess with only a small orifice.

Sinus (n.) A depression between adjoining lobes.

Sinusoid (n.) The curve whose ordinates are proportional to the sines of the abscissas, the equation of the curve being y = a sin x. It is also called the curve of sines.

Siogoon (n.) See Shogun.

Siogoonate (n.) See Shogunate.

Sip (n.) The act of sipping; the taking of a liquid with the lips.

Sip (n.) A small draught taken with the lips; a slight taste.

Sipage (n.) See Seepage.

Siphilis (n.) Syphilis.

Siphoid (n.) A siphon bottle. See under Siphon, n.

Siphon (n.) A device, consisting of a pipe or tube bent so as to form two branches or legs of unequal length, by which a liquid can be transferred to a lower level, as from one vessel to another, over an intermediate elevation, by the action of the pressure of the atmosphere in forcing the liquid up the shorter branch of the pipe immersed in it, while the continued excess of weight of the liquid in the longer branch (when once filled) causes a continuous flow. The flow takes place only when>

Siphon (n.) One of the tubes or folds of the mantle border of a bivalve or gastropod mollusk by which water is conducted into the gill cavity. See Illust. under Mya, and Lamellibranchiata.

Siphon (n.) The anterior prolongation of the margin of any gastropod shell for the protection of the soft siphon.

Siphon (n.) The tubular organ through which water is ejected from the gill cavity of a cephaloid. It serves as a locomotive organ, by guiding and confining the jet of water. Called also siphuncle. See Illust. under Loligo, and Dibranchiata.

Siphon (n.) The siphuncle of a cephalopod shell.

Siphon (n.) The sucking proboscis of certain parasitic insects and crustaceans.

Siphon (n.) A sproutlike prolongation in front of the mouth of many gephyreans.

Siphon (n.) A tubular organ connected both with the esophagus and the intestine of certain sea urchins and annelids.

Siphon (n.) A siphon bottle.

Siphonage (n.) The action of a siphon.

Siphonarid (n.) Any one of numerous species of limpet-shaped pulmonate gastropods of the genus Siphonaria. They cling to rocks between high and low water marks and have both lunglike organs and gills.

Siphonet (n.) One of the two dorsal tubular organs on the hinder part of the abdomen of aphids. They give exit to the honeydew. See Illust. under Aphis.

Siphonia (n.) A former name for a euphorbiaceous genus (Hevea) of South American trees, the principal source of caoutchouc.

Siphonifer (n.) Any cephalopod having a siphonate shell.

Siphonium (n.) A bony tube which, in some birds, connects the tympanium with the air chambers of the articular piece of the mandible.

Siphonobranchiate (n.) One of the Siphonobranchiata.

Siphonoglyphe (n.) A gonidium.

Siphonophoran (n.) One of the Siphonophora.

Siphonophore (n.) One of the Siphonophora.

Siphonostome (n.) Any parasitic entomostracan of the tribe Siphonostomata.

Siphonostome (n.) A siphonostomatous shell.

Siphorhinian (n.) A siphorhinal bird.

Siphuncle (n.) The tube which runs through the partitions of chambered cephalopod shells.

Sipper (n.) One whi sips.

Sippet (n.) A small sop; a small, thin piece of toasted bread soaked in milk, broth, or the like; a small piece of toasted or fried bread cut into some special shape and used for garnishing.

Sipunculoid (n.) One of the Sipunculoidea.

Sir (n.) A man of social authority and dignity; a lord; a master; a gentleman; -- in this sense usually spelled sire.

Sir (n.) A title prefixed to the Christian name of a knight or a baronet.

Sir (n.) An English rendering of the LAtin Dominus, the academical title of a bachelor of arts; -- formerly colloquially, and sometimes contemptuously, applied to the clergy.

Sir (n.) A respectful title, used in addressing a man, without being prefixed to his name; -- used especially in speaking to elders or superiors; sometimes, also, used in the way of emphatic formality.

Siraskier (n.) See Seraskier.

Siraskierate (n.) See Seraskierate.

Sircar (n.) A Hindoo clerk or accountant.

Sircar (n.) A district or province; a circar.

Sircar (n.) The government; the supreme authority of the state.

Sirdar (n.) A native chief in Hindostan; a headman.

Sire (n.) A lord, master, or other person in authority. See Sir.

Sire (n.) A tittle of respect formerly used in speaking to elders and superiors, but now only in addressing a sovereign.

Sire (n.) A father; the head of a family; the husband.

Sire (n.) A creator; a maker; an author; an originator.

Sire (n.) The male parent of a beast; -- applied especially to horses; as, the horse had a good sire.

Siredon (n.) The larval form of any salamander while it still has external gills; especially, one of those which, like the axolotl (Amblystoma Mexicanum), sometimes lay eggs while in this larval state, but which under more favorable conditions lose their gills and become normal salamanders. See also Axolotl.

Siren (n.) One of three sea nymphs, -- or, according to some writers, of two, -- said to frequent an island near the coast of Italy, and to sing with such sweetness that they lured mariners to destruction.

Siren (n.) An enticing, dangerous woman.

Siren (n.) Something which is insidious or deceptive.

Siren (n.) A mermaid.

Siren (n.) Any long, slender amphibian of the genus Siren or family Sirenidae, destitute of hind legs and pelvis, and having permanent external gills as well as lungs. They inhabit the swamps, lagoons, and ditches of the Southern United States. The more common species (Siren lacertina) is dull lead-gray in color, and becames two feet long.

Siren (n.) An instrument for producing musical tones and for ascertaining the number of sound waves or vibrations per second which produce a note of a given pitch. The sounds are produced by a perforated rotating disk or disks. A form with two disks operated by steam or highly compressed air is used sounding an alarm to vessels in fog.

Sirene (n.) See Siren, 6.

Sirenian (n.) Any species of Sirenia.

Siriasis (n.) A sunstroke.

Siriasis (n.) The act of exposing to a sun bath. [Obs.] Cf. Insolation.

Sirius (n.) The Dog Star. See Dog Star.

Sirkeer (n.) Any one of several species of Asiatic cuckoos of the genus Taccocua, as the Bengal sirkeer (T. sirkee).

Sirloin (n.) A loin of beef, or a part of a loin.

Sirname (n.) See Surname.

Siroc (n.) See Sirocco.

Sirocco (n.) An oppressive, relaxing wind from the Libyan deserts, chiefly experienced in Italy, Malta, and Sicily.

Sirrah (n.) A term of address implying inferiority and used in anger, contempt, reproach, or disrespectful familiarity, addressed to a man or boy, but sometimes to a woman. In sililoquies often preceded by ah. Not used in the plural.

Sirt (n.) A quicksand.

Sirup (n.) Alt. of Syrup

Syrup (n.) A thick and viscid liquid made from the juice of fruits, herbs, etc., boiled with sugar.

Syrup (n.) A thick and viscid saccharine solution of superior quality (as sugarhouse sirup or molasses, maple sirup); specifically, in pharmacy and often in cookery, a saturated solution of sugar and water (simple sirup), or such a solution flavored or medicated.

Sirvente (n.) A peculiar species of poetry, for the most part devoted to moral and religious topics, and commonly satirical, -- often used by the troubadours of the Middle Ages.

Sis (n.) A colloquial abbreviation of Sister.

Sis (n.) Six. See Sise.

Siscowet (n.) A large, fat variety of the namaycush found in Lake Superior; -- called also siskawet, siskiwit.

Sise (n.) An assize.

Sise (n.) Six; the highest number on a die; the cast of six in throwing dice.

Sisel (n.) The suslik.

Siser (n.) Cider. See Sicer.

Siserara (n.) Alt. of Siserary

Siserary (n.) A hard blow.

Siskin (n.) A small green and yellow European finch (Spinus spinus, or Carduelis spinus); -- called also aberdevine.

Siskin (n.) The American pinefinch (S. pinus); -- called also pine siskin. See Pinefinch.

Siskiwit (n.) The siscowet.

Sismograph (n.) See Seismograph.

Sismometer (n.) See Seismometer.

Siss (n.) A hissing noise.

Sissoo (n.) A leguminous tree (Dalbergia Sissoo) of the northern parts of India; also, the dark brown compact and durable timber obtained from it. It is used in shipbuilding and for gun carriages, railway ties, etc.

Sist (n.) A stay or suspension of proceedings; an order for a stay of proceedings.

Sister (n.) A female who has the same parents with another person, or who has one of them only. In the latter case, she is more definitely called a half sister. The correlative of brother.

Sister (n.) A woman who is closely allied to, or assocciated with, another person, as in the sdame faith, society, order, or community.

Sister (n.) One of the same kind, or of the same condition; -- generally used adjectively; as, sister fruits.

Sisterhood (n.) The state or relation of being a sister; the office or duty of a sister.

Sisterhood (n.) A society of sisters; a society of women united in one faith or order; sisters, collectively.

Sister-in-law (n.) The sister of one's husband or wife; also, the wife of one's brother; sometimes, the wife of one's husband's or wife's brother.

Sisyphus (n.) A king of Corinth, son of Aeolus, famed for his cunning. He was killed by Theseus, and in the lower world was condemned by Pluto to roll to the top of a hill a huge stone, which constantly rolled back again, making his task incessant.

Site (n.) The place where anything is fixed; situation; local position; as, the site of a city or of a house.

Site (n.) A place fitted or chosen for any certain permanent use or occupation; as, a site for a church.

Site (n.) The posture or position of a thing.

Sitfast (n.) A callosity with inflamed edges, on the back of a horse, under the saddle.

Sith (n.) Alt. of Sithe

Sithe (n.) Time.

Sithe (n.) A scythe.

Sitheman (n.) A mower.

Sitology (n.) A treatise on the regulation of the diet; dietetics.

Sitophobia (n.) A version to food; refusal to take nourishment.

Sitter (n.) One who sits; esp., one who sits for a portrait or a bust.

Sitter (n.) A bird that sits or incubates.

Sitting (n.) The state or act of one who sits; the posture of one who occupies a seat.

Sitting (n.) A seat, or the space occupied by or allotted for a person, in a church, theater, etc.; as, the hall has 800 sittings.

Sitting (n.) The act or time of sitting, as to a portrait painter, photographer, etc.

Sitting (n.) The actual presence or meeting of any body of men in their seats, clothed with authority to transact business; a session; as, a sitting of the judges of the King's Bench, or of a commission.

Sitting (n.) The time during which one sits while doing something, as reading a book, playing a game, etc.

Sitting (n.) A brooding over eggs for hatching, as by fowls.

Situation (n.) Manner in which an object is placed; location, esp. as related to something else; position; locality site; as, a house in a pleasant situation.

Situation (n.) Position, as regards the conditions and circumstances of the case.

Situation (n.) Relative position; circumstances; temporary state or relation at a moment of action which excites interest, as of persons in a dramatic scene.

Situation (n.) Permanent position or employment; place; office; as, a situation in a store; a situation under government.

Situs (n.) The method in which the parts of a plant are arranged; also, the position of the parts.

Siva (n.) One of the triad of Hindoo gods. He is the avenger or destroyer, and in modern worship symbolizes the reproductive power of nature.

Sivan (n.) The third month of the Jewish ecclesiastical year; -- supposed to correspond nearly with our month of June.

Sivatherium (n.) A genus of very large extinct ruminants found in the Tertiary formation of India. The snout was prolonged in the form of a proboscis. The male had four horns, the posterior pair being large and branched. It was allied to the antelopes, but very much larger than any exsisting species.

Sivvens (n.) See Sibbens.

Siwin (n.) Same as Sewen.

Six (n.) The number greater by a unit than five; the sum of three and three; six units or objects.

Six (n.) A symbol representing six units, as 6, vi., or VI.

Six-footer (n.) One who is six feet tall.

Sixpence (n.) An English silver coin of the value of six pennies; half a shilling, or about twelve cents.

Six-shooter (n.) A pistol or other firearm which can be fired six times without reloading especially, a six-chambered revolver.

Sixteen (n.) The number greater by a unit than fifteen; the sum of ten and six; sixteen units or objects.

Sixteen (n.) A symbol representing sixteen units, as 16, or xvi.

Sixteenmo (n.) See Sextodecimo.

Sixteenth (n.) The quotient of a unit divided by sixteen; one of sixteen equal parts of one whole.

Sixteenth (n.) The next in order after the fifteenth; the sixth after the tenth.

Sixteenth (n.) An interval comprising two octaves and a second.

Sixth (n.) The quotient of a unit divided by six; one of six equal parts which form a whole.

Sixth (n.) The next in order after the fifth.

Sixth (n.) The interval embracing six diatonic degrees of the scale.

Sixtieth (n.) The quotient of a unit divided by sixty; one of sixty equal parts forming a whole.

Sixtieth (n.) The next in order after the fifty-ninth; the tenth after the fiftieth.

Sixty (n.) The sum of six times ten; sixty units or objects.

Sixty (n.) A symbol representing sixty units, as 60, lx., or LX.

Sizar (n.) One of a body of students in the universities of Cambridge (Eng.) and Dublin, who, having passed a certain examination, are exempted from paying college fees and charges. A sizar corresponded to a servitor at Oxford.

Sizarship (n.) The position or standing of a sizar.

Size (n.) Six.

Size (n.) A settled quantity or allowance. See Assize.

Size (n.) An allowance of food and drink from the buttery, aside from the regular dinner at commons; -- corresponding to battel at Oxford.

Size (n.) Extent of superficies or volume; bulk; bigness; magnitude; as, the size of a tree or of a mast; the size of a ship or of a rock.

Size (n.) Figurative bulk; condition as to rank, ability, character, etc.; as, the office demands a man of larger size.

Size (n.) A conventional relative measure of dimension, as for shoes, gloves, and other articles made up for sale.

Size (n.) An instrument consisting of a number of perforated gauges fastened together at one end by a rivet, -- used for ascertaining the size of pearls.

Sizel (n.) Same as Scissel, 2.

Sizer (n.) See Sizar.

Sizer (n.) An instrument or contrivance to size articles, or to determine their size by a standard, or to separate and distribute them according to size.

Sizer (n.) An instrument or tool for bringing anything to an exact size.

Siziness (n.) The quality or state of being sizy; viscousness.

Sizing (n.) Act of covering or treating with size.

Sizing (n.) A weak glue used in various trades; size.

Sizing (n.) The act of sorting with respect to size.

Sizing (n.) The act of bringing anything to a certain size.

Sizing (n.) Food and drink ordered from the buttery by a student.

Sizzle (n.) A hissing sound, as of something frying over a fire.

Skaddle (n.) Hurt; damage.

Skaddon (n.) The larva of a bee.

Skag (n.) An additional piece fastened to the keel of a boat to prevent lateral motion. See Skeg.

Skain (n.) See Skein.

Skain (n.) See Skean.

Skainsmate (n.) A messmate; a companion.

Skaith (n.) See Scatch.

Skald (n.) See 5th Scald.

Skart (n.) The shag.

Skate (n.) A metallic runner with a frame shaped to fit the sole of a shoe, -- made to be fastened under the foot, and used for moving rapidly on ice.

Skate (n.) Any one of numerous species of large, flat elasmobranch fishes of the genus Raia, having a long, slender tail, terminated by a small caudal fin. The pectoral fins, which are large and broad and united to the sides of the body and head, give a somewhat rhombic form to these fishes. The skin is more or less spinose.

Skater (n.) One who skates.

Skater (n.) Any one of numerous species of hemipterous insects belonging to Gerris, Pyrrhocoris, Prostemma, and allied genera. They have long legs, and run rapidly over the surface of the water, as if skating.

Skatol (n.) A constituent of human faeces formed in the small intestines as a product of the putrefaction of albuminous matter. It is also found in reduced indigo. Chemically it is methyl indol, C9H9N.

Skayles (n.) [A159.] Skittles.

Skean (n.) A knife or short dagger, esp. that in use among the Highlanders of Scotland. [Variously spelt.]

Skee (n.) A long strip of wood, curved upwards in front, used on the foot for sliding.

Skeed (n.) See Skid.

Skeel (n.) A shallow wooden vessel for holding milk or cream.

Skeelduck (n.) Alt. of Skeelgoose

Skeelgoose (n.) The common European sheldrake.

Skeet (n.) A scoop with a long handle, used to wash the sides of a vessel, and formerly to wet the sails or deck.

Skeg (n.) A sort of wild plum.

Skeg (n.) A kind of oats.

Skeg (n.) The after part of the keel of a vessel, to which the rudder is attached.

Skegger (n.) The parr.

Skein (n.) A quantity of yarn, thread, or the like, put up together, after it is taken from the reel, -- usually tied in a sort of knot.

Skein (n.) A metallic strengthening band or thimble on the wooden arm of an axle.

Skein (n.) A flight of wild fowl (wild geese or the like).

Skeine (n.) See Skean.

Skelder (n.) A vagrant; a cheat.

Skeldrake (n.) Alt. of Skieldrake

Skieldrake (n.) The common European sheldrake.

Skieldrake (n.) The oyster catcher.

Skelet (n.) A skeleton. See Scelet.

Skeletology (n.) That part of anatomy which treats of the skeleton; also, a treatise on the skeleton.

Skeleton (n.) The bony and cartilaginous framework which supports the soft parts of a vertebrate animal.

Skeleton (n.) The more or less firm or hardened framework of an invertebrate animal.

Skeleton (n.) A very thin or lean person.

Skeleton (n.) The framework of anything; the principal parts that support the rest, but without the appendages.

Skeleton (n.) The heads and out

Skeletonizer (n.) Any small moth whose larva eats the parenchyma of leaves, leaving the skeleton; as, the apple-leaf skeletonizer.

Skellum (n.) A scoundrel.

Skelly (n.) A squint.

Skelp (n.) A blow; a smart stroke.

Skelp (n.) A squall; also, a heavy fall of rain.

Skelp (n.) A wrought-iron plate from which a gun barrel or pipe is made by bending and welding the edges together, and drawing the thick tube thus formed.

Skene (n.) See Skean.

Skep (n.) A coarse round farm basket.

Skep (n.) A beehive.

Skeptic (n.) One who is yet undecided as to what is true; one who is looking or inquiring for what is true; an inquirer after facts or reasons.

Skeptic (n.) A doubter as to whether any fact or truth can be certainly known; a universal doubter; a Pyrrhonist; hence, in modern usage, occasionally, a person who questions whether any truth or fact can be established on philosophical grounds; sometimes, a critical inquirer, in opposition to a dogmatist.

Skeptic (n.) A person who doubts the existence and perfections of God, or the truth of revelation; one who disbelieves the divine origin of the Christian religion.

Skepticism (n.) An undecided, inquiring state of mind; doubt; uncertainty.

Skepticism (n.) The doctrine that no fact or principle can be certainly known; the tenet that all knowledge is uncertain; Pyrrohonism; universal doubt; the position that no fact or truth, however worthy of confidence, can be established on philosophical grounds; critical investigation or inquiry, as opposed to the positive assumption or assertion of certain principles.

Skepticism (n.) A doubting of the truth of revelation, or a denial of the divine origin of the Christian religion, or of the being, perfections, or truth of God.

Skerry (n.) A rocky isle; an insulated rock.

Sketch (n.) An out

Sketch (n.) To draw the out

Sketch (n.) To plan or describe by giving the principal points or ideas of.

Sketchbook (n.) A book of sketches or for sketches.

Sketcher (n.) One who sketches.

Sketchiness (n.) The quality or state of being sketchy; lack of finish; incompleteness.

Skew (n.) A stone at the foot of the slope of a gable, the offset of a buttress, or the like, cut with a sloping surface and with a check to receive the coping stones and retain them in place.

Skewer (n.) A pin of wood or metal for fastening meat to a spit, or for keeping it in form while roasting.

Skid (n.) A shoe or clog, as of iron, attached to a chain, and placed under the wheel of a wagon to prevent its turning when descending a steep hill; a drag; a skidpan; also, by extension, a hook attached to a chain, and used for the same purpose.

Skid (n.) A piece of timber used as a support, or to receive pressure.

Skid (n.) Large fenders hung over a vessel's side to protect it in handling a cargo.

Skid (n.) One of a pair of timbers or bars, usually arranged so as to form an inc

Skid (n.) One of a pair of horizontal rails or timbers for supporting anything, as a boat, a barrel, etc.

Skiddaw (n.) The black guillemot.

Skidpan (n.) See Skid, n., 1.

Skiff (n.) A small, light boat.

Skiffling (n.) Rough dressing by knocking off knobs or projections; knobbing.

Skill (n.) Discrimination; judgment; propriety; reason; cause.

Skill (n.) Knowledge; understanding.

Skill (n.) The familiar knowledge of any art or science, united with readiness and dexterity in execution or performance, or in the application of the art or science to practical purposes; power to discern and execute; ability to perceive and perform; expertness; aptitude; as, the skill of a mathematician, physician, surgeon, mechanic, etc.

Skill (n.) Display of art; exercise of ability; contrivance; address.

Skill (n.) Any particular art.

Skillet (n.) A small vessel of iron, copper, or other metal, with a handle, used for culinary purpose, as for stewing meat.

Skilligalee (n.) A kind of thin, weak broth or oatmeal porridge, served out to prisoners and paupers in England; also, a drink made of oatmeal, sugar, and water, sometimes used in the English navy or army.

Skilling (n.) A bay of a barn; also, a slight addition to a cottage.

Skilling (n.) A money od account in Sweden, Norwey, Denmark, and North Germany, and also a coin. It had various values, from three fourths of a cent in Norway to more than two cents in Lubeck.

Skilty (n.) The water rail.

Skrim (n.) Scum; refuse.

Skimback (n.) The quillback.

Skimitry (n.) See Skimmington.

Skimmer (n.) One who, or that which, skims; esp., a utensil with which liquids are skimmed.

Skimmer (n.) Any species of longwinged marine birds of the genus Rhynchops, allied to the terns, but having the lower mandible compressed and much longer than the upper one. These birds fly rapidly along the surface of the water, with the lower mandible immersed, thus skimming out small fishes. The American species (R. nigra) is common on the southern coasts of the United States. Called also scissorbill, and shearbill.

Skimmer (n.) Any one of several large bivalve shells, sometimes used for skimming milk, as the sea clams, and large scallops.

Skimmerton (n.) See Skimmington.

Skimming (n.) The act of one who skims.

Skimming (n.) That which is skimmed from the surface of a liquid; -- chiefly used in the plural; as, the skimmings of broth.

Skimmington (n.) A word employed in the phrase, To ride Skimmington; that is to ride on a horse with a woman, but behind her, facing backward, carrying a distaff, and accompanied by a procession of jeering neighbors making mock music; a cavalcade in ridicule of a henpecked man. The custom was in vogue in parts of England.

Skin (n.) The external membranous integument of an animal.

Skin (n.) The hide of an animal, separated from the body, whether green, dry, or tanned; especially, that of a small animal, as a calf, sheep, or goat.

Skin (n.) A vessel made of skin, used for holding liquids. See Bottle, 1.

Skin (n.) The bark or husk of a plant or fruit; the exterior coat of fruits and plants.

Skin (n.) That part of a sail, when furled, which remains on the outside and covers the whole.

Skin (n.) The covering, as of planking or iron plates, outside the framing, forming the sides and bottom of a vessel; the shell; also, a lining inside the framing.

Skinflint (n.) A penurious person; a miser; a niggard.

Skinful (n.) As much as a skin can hold.

Skink (n.) Any one of numerous species of regularly scaled harmless lizards of the family Scincidae, common in the warmer parts of all the continents.

Skink (n.) Drink; also, pottage.

Skinker (n.) One who serves liquor; a tapster.

Skinner (n.) One who skins.

Skinner (n.) One who deals in skins, pelts, or hides.

Skinniness (n.) Quality of being skinny.

Skip (n.) A basket. See Skep.

Skip (n.) A basket on wheels, used in cotton factories.

Skip (n.) An iron bucket, which slides between guides, for hoisting mineral and rock.

Skip (n.) A charge of sirup in the pans.

Skip (n.) A beehive; a skep.

Skip (n.) A light leap or bound.

Skip (n.) The act of passing over an interval from one thing to another; an omission of a part.

Skip (n.) A passage from one sound to another by more than a degree at once.

Skipjack (n.) An upstart.

Skipjack (n.) An elater; a snap bug, or snapping beetle.

Skipjack (n.) A name given to several kinds of a fish, as the common bluefish, the alewife, the bonito, the butterfish, the cutlass fish, the jurel, the leather jacket, the runner, the saurel, the saury, the threadfish, etc.

Skipjack (n.) A shallow sailboat with a recti

Skipper (n.) One who, or that which, skips.

Skipper (n.) A young, thoughtless person.

Skipper (n.) The saury (Scomberesox saurus).

Skipper (n.) The cheese maggot. See Cheese fly, under Cheese.

Skipper (n.) Any one of numerous species of small butterflies of the family Hesperiadae; -- so called from their peculiar short, jerking flight.

Skipper (n.) The master of a fishing or small trading vessel; hence, the master, or captain, of any vessel.

Skipper (n.) A ship boy.

Skippet (n.) A small boat; a skiff.

Skippet (n.) A small round box for keeping records.

Skirl (n.) A shrill cry or sound.

Skirlcock (n.) The missel thrush; -- so called from its harsh alarm note.

Skirlcrake (n.) The turnstone.

Skirling (n.) A shrill cry or sound; a crying shrilly; a skirl.

Skirling (n.) A small trout or salmon; -- a name used loosely.

Skirmisher (n.) One who skirmishes.

Skirmisher (n.) Soldiers deployed in loose order, to cover the front or flanks of an advancing army or a marching column.

Skirr (n.) A tern.

Skirret (n.) An umbelliferous plant (Sium, / Pimpinella, Sisarum). It is a native of Asia, but has been long cultivated in Europe for its edible clustered tuberous roots, which are very sweet.

Skirrhus (n.) See Scirrhus.

Skirt (n.) The lower and loose part of a coat, dress, or other like garment; the part below the waist; as, the skirt of a coat, a dress, or a mantle.

Skirt (n.) A loose edging to any part of a dress.

Skirt (n.) Border; edge; margin; extreme part of anything

Skirt (n.) A petticoat.

Skirt (n.) The diaphragm, or midriff, in animals.

Skirting (n.) A skirting board.

Skirting (n.) Skirts, taken collectivelly; material for skirts.

Skit (n.) A reflection; a jeer or gibe; a sally; a brief satire; a squib.

Skit (n.) A wanton girl; a light wench.

Skittle-dog (n.) The piked dogfish.

Skitty (n.) A rail; as, the water rail (called also skitty cock, and skitty coot); the spotted crake (Porzana maruetta), and the moor hen.

Skive (n.) The iron lap used by diamond polishers in finishing the facets of the gem.

Skiver (n.) An inferior quality of leather, made of split sheepskin, tanned by immersion in sumac, and dyed. It is used for hat linings, pocketbooks, bookbinding, etc.

Skiver (n.) The cutting tool or machine used in splitting leather or skins, as sheepskins.

Skiving (n.) The act of paring or splitting leather or skins.

Skiving (n.) A piece made in paring or splitting leather; specifically, the part from the inner, or flesh, side.

Sklayre (n.) A vell.

Skolecite (n.) Alt. of Skolezite

Skolezite (n.) See Scolecite.

Skonce (n.) See Sconce.

Scopster (n.) The saury.

Skorodite (n.) See Scorodite.

Skout (n.) A guillemot.

Skowitz (n.) The silver salmon.

Skrike (n.) The missel thrush.

Skrimmage (n.) See Scrimmage.

Skrite (n.) The skrike.

Skua (n.) Any jager gull; especially, the Megalestris skua; -- called also boatswain.

Skulk (n.) A number of foxes together.

Skulk (n.) Alt. of Skulker

Skulker (n.) One who, or that which, skulks.

Skull (n.) A school, company, or shoal.

Skull (n.) The skeleton of the head of a vertebrate animal, including the brain case, or cranium, and the bones and cartilages of the face and mouth. See Illusts. of Carnivora, of Facial angles under Facial, and of Skeleton, in Appendix.

Skull (n.) The head or brain; the seat of intelligence; mind.

Skull (n.) A covering for the head; a skullcap.

Skull (n.) A sort of oar. See Scull.

Skullcap (n.) A cap which fits the head closely; also, formerly, a headpiece of iron sewed inside of a cap for protection.

Skullcap (n.) Any plant of the labiate genus Scutellaria, the calyx of whose flower appears, when inverted, like a helmet with the visor raised.

Skullcap (n.) The Lophiomys.

Skullfish (n.) A whaler's name for a whale more than two years old.

Skulpin (n.) See Sculpin.

Skunk (n.) Any one of several species of American muste

Skunkball (n.) The surf duck.

Skunkhead (n.) The surf duck.

Skunkhead (n.) A duck (Camptolaimus Labradorus) which formerly inhabited the Atlantic coast of New England. It is now supposed to be extinct. Called also Labrador duck, and pied duck.

Skunktop (n.) The surf duck.

Skunkweed (n.) Skunk cabbage.

Skute (n.) A boat; a small vessel.

Skutterudite (n.) A mineral of a bright metallic luster and tin-white to pale lead-gray color. It consists of arsenic and cobalt.

Sky (n.) A cloud.

Sky (n.) Hence, a shadow.

Sky (n.) The apparent arch, or vault, of heaven, which in a clear day is of a blue color; the heavens; the firmament; -- sometimes in the plural.

Sky (n.) The wheather; the climate.

Skylark (n.) A lark that mounts and sings as it files, especially the common species (Alauda arvensis) found in Europe and in some parts of Asia, and celebrated for its melodious song; -- called also sky laverock. See under Lark.

Skylarking (n.) The act of running about the rigging of a vessel in sport; hence, frolicking; scuffing; sporting; carousing.

Skylight (n.) A window placed in the roof of a building, in the ceiling of a room, or in the deck of a ship, for the admission of light from above.

Skyrocket (n.) A rocket that ascends high and burns as it flies; a species of fireworks.

Skysail (n.) The sail set next above the royal. See Illust. under Sail.

Slab (n.) A thin piece of anything, especially of marble or other stone, having plane surfaces.

Slab (n.) An outside piece taken from a log or timber in sawing it into boards, planks, etc.

Slab (n.) The wryneck.

Slab (n.) The slack part of a sail.

Slab (n.) That which is slimy or viscous; moist earth; mud; also, a puddle.

Slabber (n.) Spittle; saliva; slaver.

Slabber (n.) A saw for cutting slabs from logs.

Slabber (n.) A slabbing machine.

Slabberer (n.) One who slabbers, or drools; hence, an idiot.

Slabbiness (n.) Quality of being slabby.

Slack (n.) Small coal; also, coal dust; culm.

Slack (n.) A valley, or small, shallow dell.

Slack (n.) The part of anything that hangs loose, having no strain upon it; as, the slack of a rope or of a sail.

Slacken (n.) A spongy, semivitrifled substance which miners or smelters mix with the ores of metals to prevent their fusion.

Slackness (n.) The quality or state of being slack.

Slade (n.) A little dell or valley; a flat piece of low, moist ground.

Slade (n.) The sole of a plow.

Slaie (n.) A weaver's reed; a sley.

Slakin (n.) Slacken.

Slam (n.) The act of one who, or that which, slams.

Slam (n.) The shock and noise produced in slamming.

Slam (n.) Winning all the tricks of a deal.

Slam (n.) The refuse of alum works.

Slamkin (n.) Alt. of Slammerkin

Slammerkin (n.) A slut; a slatternly woman.

Slander (n.) A false tale or report maliciously uttered, tending to injure the reputation of another; the malicious utterance of defamatory reports; the dissemination of malicious tales or suggestions to the injury of another.

Slander (n.) Disgrace; reproach; dishonor; opprobrium.

Slander (n.) Formerly, defamation generally, whether oral or written; in modern usage, defamation by words spoken; utterance of false, malicious, and defamatory words, tending to the damage and derogation of another; calumny. See the Note under Defamation.

Slanderer (n.) One who slanders; a defamer; a calumniator.

Slang (n.) Any long, narrow piece of land; a promontory.

Slang (n.) A fetter worn on the leg by a convict.

Slang (n.) Low, vulgar, unauthorized language; a popular but unauthorized word, phrase, or mode of expression; also, the jargon of some particular calling or class in society; low popular cant; as, the slang of the theater, of college, of sailors, etc.

Slanginess (n.) Quality of being slangy.

Slang-whanger (n.) One who uses abusive slang; a ranting partisan.

Slant (n.) A slanting direction or plane; a slope; as, it lies on a slant.

Slant (n.) An oblique reflection or gibe; a sarcastic remark.

Slap (n.) A blow, esp. one given with the open hand, or with something broad.

Slap (n.) With a sudden and violent blow; hence, quickly; instantly; directly.

Slapeface (n.) A soft-spoken, crafty hypocrite.

Slapjack (n.) A flat batter cake cooked on a griddle; a flapjack; a griddlecake.

Slapper (n.) One who, or that which, slaps.

Slapper (n.) Anything monstrous; a whopper.

Slash (n.) A long cut; a cut made at random.

Slash (n.) A large slit in the material of any garment, made to show the lining through the openings.

Slash (n.) Swampy or wet lands overgrown with bushes.

Slasher (n.) A machine for applying size to warp yarns.

Slat (n.) A thin, narrow strip or bar of wood or metal; as, the slats of a window blind.

Slatch (n.) The period of a transitory breeze.

Slatch (n.) An interval of fair weather.

Slatch (n.) The loose or slack part of a rope; slack.

Slater (n.) One who lays slates, or whose occupation is to slate buildings.

Slater (n.) Any terrestrial isopod crustacean of the genus Porcellio and allied genera; a sow bug.

Slating (n.) The act of covering with slate, slates, or a substance resembling slate; the work of a slater.

Slating (n.) Slates, collectively; also, material for slating.

Slatt (n.) A slab of stone used as a veneer for coarse masonry.

Slattern (n.) A woman who is negligent of her dress or house; one who is not neat and nice.

Slattern

Slatterpouch (n.) A dance or game played by boys, requiring active exercise.

Slatting (n.) The violent shaking or flapping of anything hanging loose in the wind, as of a sail, when being hauled down.

Slaughterer (n.) One who slaughters.

Slaughterhouse (n.) A house where beasts are butchered for the market.

Slaughterman (n.) One employed in slaughtering.

Slav (n.) One of a race of people occupying a large part of Eastern and Northern Europe, including the Russians, Bulgarians, Roumanians, Servo-Croats, Slovenes, Poles, Czechs, Wends or Sorbs, Slovaks, etc.

Slave (n.) See Slav.

Slave (n.) A person who is held in bondage to another; one who is wholly subject to the will of another; one who is held as a chattel; one who has no freedom of action, but whose person and services are wholly under the control of another.

Slave (n.) One who has lost the power of resistance; one who surrenders himself to any power whatever; as, a slave to passion, to lust, to strong drink, to ambition.

Slave (n.) A drudge; one who labors like a slave.

Slave (n.) An abject person; a wretch.

Slaveholder (n.) One who holds slaves.

Slaveocracy (n.) See Slavocracy.

Slaver (n.) A vessel engaged in the slave trade; a slave ship.

Slaver (n.) A person engaged in the purchase and sale of slaves; a slave merchant, or slave trader.

Slaver (n.) Saliva driveling from the mouth.

Slaverer (n.) A driveler; an idiot.

Slavery (n.) The condition of a slave; the state of entire subjection of one person to the will of another.

Slavery (n.) A condition of subjection or submission characterized by lack of freedom of action or of will.

Slavery (n.) The holding of slaves.

Slavey (n.) A maidservant.

Slavic (n.) The group of allied languages spoken by the Slavs.

Slavism (n.) The common feeling and interest of the Slavonic race.

Slavocracy (n.) The persons or interest formerly representing slavery politically, or wielding political power for the preservation or advancement of slavery.

Slavonian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Slavonia; ethnologically, a Slav.

Slavophil (n.) Alt. of Slavophile

Slavophile (n.) One, not being a Slav, who is interested in the development and prosperity of that race.

Slaw (n.) Sliced cabbage served as a salad, cooked or uncooked.

Slayer (n.) One who slays; a killer; a murderer; a destrroyer of life.

Sleave (n.) The knotted or entangled part of silk or thread.

Sleave (n.) Silk not yet twisted; floss; -- called also sleave silk.

Sleaziness (n.) Quality of being sleazy.

Sled (n.) A vehicle on runners, used for conveying loads over the snow or ice; -- in England called sledge.

Sled (n.) A small, light vehicle with runners, used, mostly by young persons, for sliding on snow or ice.

Sledding (n.) The act of transporting or riding on a sled.

Sledding (n.) The state of the snow which admits of the running of sleds; as, the sledding is good.

Sledge (n.) A strong vehicle with low runners or low wheels; or one without wheels or runners, made of plank slightly turned up at one end, used for transporting loads upon the snow, ice, or bare ground; a sled.

Sledge (n.) A hurdle on which, formerly, traitors were drawn to the place of execution.

Sledge (n.) A sleigh.

Sledge (n.) A game at cards; -- called also old sledge, and all fours.

Sleek (n.) That which makes smooth; varnish.

Sleekness (n.) The quality or state of being sleek; smoothness and glossiness of surface.

Sleep-at-noon (n.) A plant (Tragopogon pratensis) which closes its flowers at midday; a kind of goat's beard.

Sleeper (n.) One who sleeps; a slumberer; hence, a drone, or lazy person.

Sleeper (n.) That which lies dormant, as a law.

Sleeper (n.) A sleeping car.

Sleeper (n.) An animal that hibernates, as the bear.

Sleeper (n.) A large fresh-water gobioid fish (Eleotris dormatrix).

Sleeper (n.) A nurse shark. See under Nurse.

Sleeper (n.) Something lying in a reclining posture or position.

Sleeper (n.) One of the pieces of timber, stone, or iron, on or near the level of the ground, for the support of some superstructure, to steady framework, to keep in place the rails of a railway, etc.; a stringpiece.

Sleeper (n.) One of the joists, or roughly shaped timbers, laid directly upon the ground, to receive the flooring of the ground story.

Sleeper (n.) One of the knees which connect the transoms to the after timbers on the ship's quarter.

Sleeper (n.) The lowest, or bottom, tier of casks.

Sleepiness (n.) The quality or state of being sleepy.

Sleepmarken (n.) See 1st Hag, 4.

Sleepwaker (n.) On in a state of magnetic or mesmeric sleep.

Sleepwaking (n.) The state of one mesmerized, or in a partial and morbid sleep.

Sleepwalker (n.) One who walks in his sleep; a somnambulist.

Sleepwalking (n.) Walking in one's sleep.

Sleepy (n.) Drowsy; inc

Sleepy (n.) Tending to induce sleep; soporiferous; somniferous; as, a sleepy drink or potion.

Sleepy (n.) Dull; lazy; heavy; sluggish.

Sleepy (n.) Characterized by an absence of watchfulness; as, sleepy security.

Sleepyhead (n.) A sleepy person.

Sleepyhead (n.) The ruddy duck.

Sleer (n.) A slayer.

Sleet (n.) The part of a mortar extending from the chamber to the trunnions.

Sleet (n.) Hail or snow, mingled with rain, usually falling, or driven by the wind, in fine particles.

Sleetch (n.) Mud or slime, such as that at the bottom of rivers.

Sleetiness (n.) The state of being sleety.

Sleeve (n.) See Sleave, untwisted thread.

Sleeve (n.) The part of a garment which covers the arm; as, the sleeve of a coat or a gown.

Sleeve (n.) A narrow channel of water.

Sleeve (n.) A tubular part made to cover, sustain, or steady another part, or to form a connection between two parts.

Sleeve (n.) A long bushing or thimble, as in the nave of a wheel.

Sleeve (n.) A short piece of pipe used for covering a joint, or forming a joint between the ends of two other pipes.

Sleevefish (n.) A squid.

Sleevehand (n.) The part of a sleeve nearest the hand; a cuff or wristband.

Sleigh (n.) A vehicle moved on runners, and used for transporting persons or goods on snow or ice; -- in England commonly called a sledge.

Sleighing (n.) The act of riding in a sleigh.

Sleighing (n.) The state of the snow or ice which admits of running sleighs.

Sleight (n.) Cunning; craft; artful practice.

Sleight (n.) An artful trick; sly artifice; a feat so dexterous that the manner of performance escapes observation.

Sleight (n.) Dexterous practice; dexterity; skill.

Slepez (n.) A burrowing rodent (Spalax typhlus), native of Russia and Asia Minor. It has the general appearance of a mole, and is destitute of eyes. Called also mole rat.

Sleuth (n.) The track of man or beast as followed by the scent.

Sleuthhound (n.) A hound that tracks animals by the scent; specifically, a bloodhound.

Slewth (n.) Sloth; idleness.

Slicer (n.) One who, or that which, slices; specifically, the circular saw of the lapidary.

Slich (n.) Alt. of Slick

Slick (n.) See Schlich.

Slick (n.) A wide paring chisel.

Slickens (n.) The pulverized matter from a quartz mill, or the lighter soil of hydraulic mines.

Slickensides (n.) The smooth, striated, or partially polished surfaces of a fissure or seam, supposed to have been produced by the sliding of one surface on another.

Slickensides (n.) A variety of galena found in Derbyshire, England.

Slicker (n.) That which makes smooth or sleek.

Slicker (n.) A kind of burnisher for leather.

Slicker (n.) A curved tool for smoothing the surfaces of a mold after the withdrawal of the pattern.

Slicker (n.) A waterproof coat.

Slicking (n.) The act or process of smoothing.

Slicking (n.) Narrow veins of ore.

Slickness (n.) The state or quality of being slick; smoothness; sleekness.

Slide (n.) The act of sliding; as, a slide on the ice.

Slide (n.) Smooth, even passage or progress.

Slide (n.) That on which anything moves by sliding.

Slide (n.) An inc

Slide (n.) A surface of ice or snow on which children slide for amusement.

Slide (n.) That which operates by sliding.

Slide (n.) A cover which opens or closes an aperture by sliding over it.

Slide (n.) A moving piece which is guided by a part or parts along which it slides.

Slide (n.) A clasp or brooch for a belt, or the like.

Slide (n.) A plate or slip of glass on which is a picture or de

Slide (n.) The descent of a mass of earth, rock, or snow down a hill or mountain side; as, a land slide, or a snow slide; also, the track of bare rock left by a land slide.

Slide (n.) A small dislocation in beds of rock along a

Slide (n.) A grace consisting of two or more small notes moving by conjoint degrees, and leading to a principal note either above or below.

Slide (n.) An apparatus in the trumpet and trombone by which the sounding tube is lengthened and shortened so as to produce the tones between the fundamental and its harmonics.

Slide (n.) A sound which, by a gradual change in the position of the vocal organs, passes imperceptibly into another sound.

Slide (n.) Same as Guide bar, under Guide.

Slide (n.) A slide valve.

Slidegroat (n.) The game of shovelboard.

Slider (n.) One who, or that which, slides; especially, a sliding part of an instrument or machine.

Slider (n.) The red-bellied terrapin (Pseudemys rugosa).

Slidometer (n.) An instrument for indicating and recording shocks to railway cars occasioned by sudden stopping.

Slight (n.) Sleight.

Slight (n.) The act of slighting; the manifestation of a moderate degree of contempt, as by neglect or oversight; neglect; indignity.

Slighter (n.) One who slights.

Slightness (n.) The quality or state of being slight; slenderness; feebleness; superficiality; also, formerly, negligence; indifference; disregard.

Silkensides (n.) Same as Slickensides.

Slime (n.) Soft, moist earth or clay, having an adhesive quality; viscous mud.

Slime (n.) Any mucilaginous substance; any substance of a dirty nature, that is moist, soft, and adhesive.

Slime (n.) Bitumen.

Slime (n.) Mud containing metallic ore, obtained in the preparatory dressing.

Slime (n.) A mucuslike substance which exudes from the bodies of certain animals.

Sliminess (n.) The quality or state of being slimy.

Slimness (n.) The quality or state of being slim.

S

Sling (n.) A drink composed of spirit (usually gin) and water sweetened.

Slinger (n.) One who slings, or uses a sling.

Slink (n.) The young of a beast brought forth prematurely, esp. a calf brought forth before its time.

Slink (n.) A thievish fellow; a sneak.

Slip (n.) To move along the surface of a thing without bounding, rolling, or stepping; to slide; to glide.

Slip (n.) To slide; to lose one's footing or one's hold; not to tread firmly; as, it is necessary to walk carefully lest the foot should slip.

Slip (n.) To move or fly (out of place); to shoot; -- often with out, off, etc.; as, a bone may slip out of its place.

Slip (n.) To depart, withdraw, enter, appear, intrude, or escape as if by sliding; to go or come in a quiet, furtive manner; as, some errors slipped into the work.

Slip (n.) To err; to fall into error or fault.

Slip (n.) The act of slipping; as, a slip on the ice.

Slip (n.) An unintentional error or fault; a false step.

Slip (n.) A twig separated from the main stock; a cutting; a scion; hence, a descendant; as, a slip from a vine.

Slip (n.) A slender piece; a strip; as, a slip of paper.

Slip (n.) A leash or string by which a dog is held; -- so called from its being made in such a manner as to slip, or become loose, by relaxation of the hand.

Slip (n.) An escape; a secret or unexpected desertion; as, to give one the slip.

Slip (n.) A portion of the columns of a newspaper or other work struck off by itself; a proof from a column of type when set up and in the galley.

Slip (n.) Any covering easily slipped on.

Slip (n.) A loose garment worn by a woman.

Slip (n.) A child's pinafore.

Slip (n.) An outside covering or case; as, a pillow slip.

Slip (n.) The slip or sheath of a sword, and the like.

Slip (n.) A counterfeit piece of money, being brass covered with silver.

Slip (n.) Matter found in troughs of grindstones after the grinding of edge tools.

Slip (n.) Potter's clay in a very liquid state, used for the decoration of ceramic ware, and also as a cement for handles and other applied parts.

Slip (n.) A particular quantity of yarn.

Slip (n.) An inc

Slip (n.) An opening or space for vessels to lie in, between wharves or in a dock; as, Peck slip.

Slip (n.) A narrow passage between buildings.

Slip (n.) A long seat or narrow pew in churches, often without a door.

Slip (n.) A dislocation of a lead, destroying continuity.

Slip (n.) The motion of the center of resistance of the float of a paddle wheel, or the blade of an oar, through the water horozontally, or the difference between a vessel's actual speed and the speed which she would have if the propelling instrument acted upon a solid; also, the velocity, relatively to still water, of the backward current of water produced by the propeller.

Slip (n.) A fish, the sole.

Slip (n.) A fielder stationed on the off side and to the rear of the batsman. There are usually two of them, called respectively short slip, and long slip.

Slipboard (n.) A board sliding in grooves.

Slipknot (n.) knot which slips along the rope or

Slip-on (n.) A kind of overcoat worn upon the shoulders in the manner of a cloak.

Slippage (n.) The act of slipping; also, the amount of slipping.

Slipper (n.) One who, or that which, slips.

Slipper (n.) A kind of light shoe, which may be slipped on with ease, and worn in undress; a slipshoe.

Slipper (n.) A kind of apron or pinafore for children.

Slipper (n.) A kind of brake or shoe for a wagon wheel.

Slipper (n.) A piece, usually a plate, applied to a sliding piece, to receive wear and afford a means of adjustment; -- also called shoe, and gib.

Slipperiness (n.) The quality of being slippery.

Slipperness (n.) Slipperiness.

Slipperwort (n.) See Calceolaria.

Slippiness (n.) Slipperiness.

Slipshoe (n.) A slipper.

Slipslop (n.) Weak, poor, or flat liquor; weak, profitless discourse or writing.

Slipstring (n.) One who has shaken off restraint; a prodigal.

Slipthrift (n.) A spendthrift.

Slish (n.) A cut; as, slish and slash.

Slit (n.) To cut lengthwise; to cut into long pieces or strips; as, to slit iron bars into nail rods; to slit leather into straps.

Slit (n.) To cut or make a long fissure in or upon; as, to slit the ear or the nose.

Slit (n.) To cut; to sever; to divide.

Slit (n.) A long cut; a narrow opening; as, a slit in the ear.

Slit-shell (n.) Any species of Pleurotomaria, a genus of beautiful, pearly, spiral gastropod shells having a deep slit in the outer lip. Many fossil species are known, and a few living ones are found in deep water in tropical seas.

Slitter (n.) One who, or that which, slits.

Sliver (n.) A long piece cut ot rent off; a sharp, slender fragment; a splinter.

Sliver (n.) A strand, or slender roll, of cotton or other fiber in a loose, untwisted state, produced by a carding machine and ready for the roving or slubbing which preceeds spinning.

Sliver (n.) Bait made of pieces of small fish. Cf. Kibblings.

Sloakan (n.) A species of seaweed. [Spelled also slowcawn.] See 3d Laver.

Sloam (n.) A layer of earth between coal seams.

Sloat (n.) A narrow piece of timber which holds together large pieces; a slat; as, the sloats of a cart.

Slobber (n.) See Slabber.

Slobber (n.) A jellyfish.

Slobber (n.) Salivation.

Slobberer (n.) One who slobbers.

Slobberer (n.) A slovenly farmer; a jobbing tailor.

Sloe (n.) A small, bitter, wild European plum, the fruit of the blackthorn (Prunus spinosa); also, the tree itself.

Slogan (n.) The war cry, or gathering word, of a Highland clan in Scotland; hence, any rallying cry.

Sloke (n.) See Sloakan.

Sloo (n.) Alt. of Slue

Slue (n.) A slough; a run or wet place. See 2d Slough, 2.

Sloom (n.) Slumber.

Sloop (n.) A vessel having one mast and fore-and-aft rig, consisting of a boom-and-gaff mainsail, jibs, staysail, and gaff topsail. The typical sloop has a fixed bowsprit, topmast, and standing rigging, while those of a cutter are capable of being readily shifted. The sloop usually carries a centerboard, and depends for stability upon breadth of beam rather than depth of keel. The two types have rapidly approximated since 1880. One radical distinction is that a slop may carry a centerboard.>

Slop (n.) Water or other liquid carelessly spilled or thrown aboyt, as upon a table or a floor; a puddle; a soiled spot.

Slop (n.) Mean and weak drink or liquid food; -- usually in the plural.

Slop (n.) Dirty water; water in which anything has been washed or rinsed; water from wash-bowls, etc.

Slopeness (n.) State of being slope.

Sloppiness (n.) The quality or state of being sloppy; muddiness.

Slopseller (n.) One who sells slops, or ready-made clothes. See 4th Slop, 3.

Slopshop (n.) A shop where slops. or ready-made clothes, are sold.

Slopwork (n.) The manufacture of slops, or cheap ready-made clothing; also, such clothing; hence, hasty, slovenly work of any kind.

Slot (n.) A broad, flat, wooden bar; a slat or sloat.

Slot (n.) A bolt or bar for fastening a door.

Slot (n.) A narrow depression, perforation, or aperture; esp., one for the reception of a piece fitting or sliding in it.

Slot (n.) The track of a deer; hence, a track of any kind.

Sloth (n.) Slowness; tardiness.

Sloth (n.) Disinclination to action or labor; sluggishness; laziness; idleness.

Sloth (n.) Any one of several species of arboreal edentates constituting the family Bradypodidae, and the suborder Tardigrada. They have long exserted limbs and long prehensile claws. Both jaws are furnished with teeth (see Illust. of Edentata), and the ears and tail are rudimentary. They inhabit South and Central America and Mexico.

Slothhound (n.) See Sleuthhound.

Slotting (n.) The act or process of making slots, or mortises.

Slouch (n.) A hanging down of the head; a drooping attitude; a limp appearance; an ungainly, clownish gait; a sidewise depression or hanging down, as of a hat brim.

Slouch (n.) An awkward, heavy, clownish fellow.

Slough (n.) A place of deep mud or mire; a hole full of mire.

Slough (n.) A wet place; a swale; a side channel or inlet from a river.

Slough (n.) The skin, commonly the cast-off skin, of a serpent or of some similar animal.

Slough (n.) The dead mass separating from a foul sore; the dead part which separates from the living tissue in mortification.

Sloughing (n.) The act of casting off the skin or shell, as do insects and crustaceans; ecdysis.

Sloven (n.) A man or boy habitually negligent of neathess and order; -- the correlative term to slattern, or slut.

Sloven

Slovenness (n.) Sloven

Slovenry (n.) Sloven

Slow (n.) A moth.

Slowback (n.) A lubber; an idle fellow; a loiterer.

Slowhound (n.) A sleuthhound.

Slowness (n.) The quality or state of being slow.

Slows (n.) Milk sickness.

Slub (n.) A roll of wool slightly twisted; a rove; -- called also slubbing.

Slubber (n.) A slubbing machine.

Slubberdegullion (n.) A mean, dirty wretch.

Sludge (n.) Mud; mire; soft mud; slush.

Sludge (n.) Small floating pieces of ice, or masses of saturated snow.

Sludge (n.) See Slime, 4.

Sludger (n.) A bucket for removing mud from a bored hole; a sand pump.

Slue (n.) See Sloough, 2.

Slug (n.) A drone; a slow, lazy fellow; a sluggard.

Slug (n.) A hindrance; an obstruction.

Slug (n.) Any one of numerous species of terrestrial pulmonate mollusks belonging to Limax and several related genera, in which the shell is either small and concealed in the mantle, or altogether wanting. They are closely allied to the land snails.

Slug (n.) Any smooth, soft larva of a sawfly or moth which creeps like a mollusk; as, the pear slug; rose slug.

Slug (n.) A ship that sails slowly.

Slug (n.) An irregularly shaped piece of metal, used as a missile for a gun.

Slug (n.) A thick strip of metal less than type high, and as long as the width of a column or a page, -- used in spacing out pages and to separate display

Slugabed (n.) One who indulges in lying abed; a sluggard.

Sluggard (n.) A person habitually lazy, idle, and inactive; a drone.

Sluggardy (n.) The state of being a sluggard; sluggishness; sloth.

Slugger (n.) One who strikes heavy blows; hence, a boxer; a prize fighter.

Slugworm (n.) Any caterpillar which has the general appearance of a slug, as do those of certain moths belonging to Limacodes and allied genera, and those of certain sawflies.

Sluice (n.) An artifical passage for water, fitted with a valve or gate, as in a mill stream, for stopping or regulating the flow; also, a water gate or flood gate.

Sluice (n.) Hence, an opening or channel through which anything flows; a source of supply.

Sluice (n.) The stream flowing through a flood gate.

Sluice (n.) A long box or trough through which water flows, -- used for washing auriferous earth.

Sluiceway (n.) An artificial channel into which water is let by a sluice; specifically, a trough constructed over the bed of a stream, so that logs, lumber, or rubbish can be floated down to some convenient place of delivery.

Slum (n.) A foul back street of a city, especially one filled with a poor, dirty, degraded, and often vicious population; any low neighborhood or dark retreat; -- usually in the plural; as, Westminster slums are haunts for theives.

Slum (n.) Same as Slimes.

Slumber (n.) Sleep; especially, light sleep; sleep that is not deep or sound; repose.

Slumberer (n.) One who slumbers; a sleeper.

Slump (n.) The gross amount; the mass; the lump.

Slump (n.) A boggy place.

Slump (n.) The noise made by anything falling into a hole, or into a soft, miry place.

Slur (n.) A mark or stain; hence, a slight reproach or disgrace; a stigma; a reproachful intimation; an innuendo.

Slur (n.) A trick played upon a person; an imposition.

Slur (n.) A mark, thus [/ or /], connecting notes that are to be sung to the same syllable, or made in one continued breath of a wind instrument, or with one stroke of a bow; a tie; a sign of legato.

Slur (n.) In knitting machines, a contrivance for depressing the sinkers successively by passing over them.

Slush (n.) Soft mud.

Slush (n.) A mixture of snow and water; half-melted snow.

Slush (n.) A soft mixture of grease and other materials, used for lubrication.

Slush (n.) The refuse grease and fat collected in cooking, especially on shipboard.

Slush (n.) A mixture of white lead and lime, with which the bright parts of machines, such as the connecting rods of steamboats, are painted to be preserved from oxidation.

Slut (n.) An untidy woman; a slattern.

Slut (n.) A servant girl; a drudge.

Slut (n.) A female dog; a bitch.

Slutch (n.) Slush.

Sluthhound (n.) Sleuthhound.

Sluttery (n.) The qualities and practices of a slut; sluttishness; slattern

Slyboots (n.) A humerous appellation for a sly, cunning, or waggish person.

Slyness (n.) The quality or state of being sly.

Slype (n.) A narrow passage between two buildings, as between the transept and chapter house of a monastery.

Smack (n.) A small sailing vessel, commonly rigged as a sloop, used chiefly in the coasting and fishing trade.

Smack (n.) To have a smack; to be tinctured with any particular taste.

Smack (n.) To have or exhibit indications of the presence of any character or quality.

Smack (n.) To kiss with a close compression of the lips, so as to make a sound when they separate; to kiss with a sharp noise; to buss.

Smack (n.) To make a noise by the separation of the lips after tasting anything.

Smacking (n.) A sharp, quick noise; a smack.

Small (n.) The small or slender part of a thing; as, the small of the leg or of the back.

Small (n.) Smallclothes.

Small (n.) Same as Little go. See under Little, a.

Smallage (n.) A biennial umbelliferous plant (Apium graveolens) native of the seacoats of Europe and Asia. When deprived of its acrid and even poisonous properties by cultivation, it becomes celery.

Smallness (n.) The quality or state of being small.

Smallpox (n.) A contagious, constitutional, febrile disease characterized by a peculiar eruption; variola. The cutaneous eruption is at first a collection of papules which become vesicles (first flat, subsequently umbilicated) and then pustules, and finally thick crusts which slough after a certain time, often leaving a pit, or scar.

Smallsword (n.) A light sword used for thrusting only; especially, the sword worn by civilians of rank in the eighteenth century.

Smaltine (n.) Alt. of Smaltite

Smaltite (n.) A tin-white or gray mineral of metallic luster. It is an arsenide of cobalt, nickel, and iron. Called also speiskobalt.

Smaragd (n.) The emerald.

Smaragdite (n.) A green foliated kind of amphibole, observed in eclogite and some varietis of gabbro.

Smartness (n.) The quality or state of being smart.

Smartweed (n.) An acrid plant of the genus Polygonum (P. Hydropiper), which produces smarting if applied where the skin is tender.

Smash (n.) A breaking or dashing to pieces; utter destruction; wreck.

Smash (n.) Hence, bankruptcy.

Smasher (n.) One who, or that which, smashes or breaks things to pieces.

Smasher (n.) Anything very large or extraordinary.

Smasher (n.) One who passes counterfeit coin.

Smatch (n.) Taste; tincture; smack.

Smatter (n.) Superficial knowledge; a smattering.

Smatterer (n.) One who has only a slight, superficial knowledge; a sciolist.

Smattering (n.) A slight, superficial knowledge of something; sciolism.

Smear (n.) To overspread with anything unctuous, viscous, or adhesive; to daub; as, to smear anything with oil.

Smear (n.) To soil in any way; to contaminate; to pollute; to stain morally; as, to be smeared with infamy.

Smear (n.) A fat, oily substance; oinment.

Smear (n.) Hence, a spot made by, or as by, an unctuous or adhesive substance; a blot or blotch; a daub; a stain.

Smeath (n.) The smew.

Smectite (n.) A hydrous silicate of alumina, of a greenish color, which, in certain states of humidity, appears transparent and almost gelatinous.

Smee (n.) The pintail duck.

Smee (n.) The widgeon.

Smee (n.) The poachard.

Smee (n.) The smew.

Smegma (n.) The matter secreted by any of the sebaceous glands.

Smegma (n.) The soapy substance covering the skin of newborn infants.

Smegma (n.) The cheesy, sebaceous matter which collects between the glans penis and the foreskin.

Smeir (n.) A salt glaze on pottery, made by adding common salt to an earthenware glaze.

Smell (n.) To perceive by the olfactory nerves, or organs of smell; to have a sensation of, excited through the nasal organs when affected by the appropriate materials or qualities; to obtain the scent of; as, to smell a rose; to smell perfumes.

Smell (n.) To detect or perceive, as if by the sense of smell; to scent out; -- often with out.

Smell (n.) To give heed to.

Smeller (n.) One who smells, or perceives by the sense of smell; one who gives out smell.

Smeller (n.) The nose.

Smell-feast (n.) One who is apt to find and frequent good tables; a parasite; a sponger.

Smell-feast (n.) A feast at which the guests are supposed to feed upon the odors only of the viands.

Smelling (n.) The act of one who smells.

Smelling (n.) The sense by which odors are perceived; the sense of smell.

Smelt (n.) Any one of numerous species of small silvery salmonoid fishes of the genus Osmerus and allied genera, which ascend rivers to spawn, and sometimes become landlocked in lakes. They are esteemed as food, and have a peculiar odor and taste.

Smelt (n.) A gull; a simpleton.

Smelter (n.) One who, or that which, smelts.

Smeltery (n.) A house or place for smelting.

Smeltie (n.) A fish, the bib.

Smerlin (n.) A small loach.

Smew (n.) small European merganser (Mergus albellus) which has a white crest; -- called also smee, smee duck, white merganser, and white nun.

Smew (n.) The hooded merganser.

Smickering (n.) Amorous glance or inclination.

Smicket (n.) A woman's under-garment; a smock.

Smiddy (n.) A smithy.

Smift (n.) A match for firing a charge of powder, as in blasting; a fuse.

Smilacin (n.) See Parrilin.

Smilax (n.) A genus of perennial climbing plants, usually with a prickly woody stem; green brier, or cat brier. The rootstocks of certain species are the source of the medicine called sarsaparilla.

Smilax (n.) A delicate trailing plant (Myrsiphyllum asparagoides) much used for decoration. It is a native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Smiler (n.) One who smiles.

Smilet (n.) A little smile.

Smilingness (n.) Quality or state of being smiling.

Smilodon (n.) An extinct genus of saber-toothed tigers. See Mach/rodus.

Sminthurid (n.) Any one of numerous small species of springtails, of the family Sminthuridae, -- usually found on flowers. See Illust. under Collembola.

Smirch (n.) A smutch; a dirty stain.

Smirk (n.) A forced or affected smile; a simper.

Smite (n.) The act of smiting; a blow.

Smiter (n.) One who smites.

Smith (n.) One who forges with the hammer; one who works in metals; as, a blacksmith, goldsmith, silversmith, and the like.

Smith (n.) One who makes or effects anything.

Smith (n.) To beat into shape; to forge.

Smithcraft (n.) The art or occupation of a smith; smithing.

Smither (n.) Light, fine rain.

Smither (n.) Fragments; atoms; finders.

Smithery (n.) The workshop of a smith; a smithy or stithy.

Smithery (n.) Work done by a smith; smithing.

Smithing (n.) The act or art of working or forging metals, as iron, into any desired shape.

Smithsonian (n.) The Smithsonian Institution.

Smithsonite (n.) Native zinc carbonate. It generally occurs in stalactitic, reniform, or botryoidal shapes, of a white to gray, green, or brown color. See Note under Calamine.

Smithy (n.) The workshop of a smith, esp. a blacksmith; a smithery; a stithy.

Smittle (n.) Infection.

Smock (n.) A woman's under-garment; a shift; a chemise.

Smock (n.) A blouse; a smoock frock.

Smoke (n.) The visible exhalation, vapor, or substance that escapes, or expelled, from a burning body, especially from burning vegetable matter, as wood, coal, peat, or the like.

Smoke (n.) That which resembles smoke; a vapor; a mist.

Smoke (n.) Anything unsubstantial, as idle talk.

Smoke (n.) The act of smoking, esp. of smoking tobacco; as, to have a smoke.

Smoke (n.) To emit smoke; to throw off volatile matter in the form of vapor or exhalation; to reek.

Smoke (n.) Hence, to burn; to be kindled; to rage.

Smoke (n.) To raise a dust or smoke by rapid motion.

Smoke (n.) To draw into the mouth the smoke of tobacco burning in a pipe or in the form of a cigar, cigarette, etc.; to habitually use tobacco in this manner.

Smoke (n.) To suffer severely; to be punished.

Smokehouse (n.) A building where meat or fish is cured by subjecting it to a dense smoke.

Smokejack (n.) A contrivance for turning a spit by means of a fly or wheel moved by the current of ascending air in a chimney.

Smoker (n.) One who dries or preserves by smoke.

Smoker (n.) One who smokes tobacco or the like.

Smoker (n.) A smoking car or compartment.

Smokestack (n.) A chimney; esp., a pipe serving as a chimney, as the pipe which carries off the smoke of a locomotive, the funnel of a steam vessel, etc.

Smokiness (n.) The quality or state of being smoky.

Smolder (n.) Alt. of Smoulder

Smoulder (n.) Smoke; smother.

Smolderingness (n.) Alt. of Smoulderingness

Smoulderingness (n.) The state of smoldering.

Smolt (n.) A young salmon two or three years old, when it has acquired its silvery color.

Smooth (n.) The act of making smooth; a stroke which smooths.

Smooth (n.) That which is smooth; the smooth part of anything.

Smoothbore (n.) A smoothbore firearm.

Smoother (n.) One who, or that which, smooths.

Smoothness (n.) Quality or state of being smooth.

Smotheriness (n.) The quality or state of being smothery.

Smouch (n.) A dark soil or stain; a smutch.

Smudge (n.) A suffocating smoke.

Smudge (n.) A heap of damp combustibles partially ignited and burning slowly, placed on the windward side of a house, tent, or the like, in order, by the thick smoke, to keep off mosquitoes or other insects.

Smudge (n.) That which is smeared upon anything; a stain; a blot; a smutch; a smear.

Smudginess (n.) The quality or state of being smudged, soiled, or blurred.

Smuggler (n.) One who smuggles.

Smuggler (n.) A vessel employed in smuggling.

Smugness (n.) The quality or state of being smug.

Smutch (n.) A stain; a dirty spot.

Smutchin (n.) Snuff.

Smyrniot (n.) A native or inhabitant of Smyrna.

Snacket (n.) See Snecket.

Snacot (n.) A pipefish of the genus Syngnathus. See Pipefish.

Snaffle (n.) A kind of bridle bit, having a joint in the part to be placed in the mouth, and rings and cheek pieces at the ends, but having no curb; -- called also snaffle bit.

Snag (n.) A stump or base of a branch that has been lopped off; a short branch, or a sharp or rough branch; a knot; a protuberance.

Snag (n.) A tooth projecting beyond the rest; contemptuously, a broken or decayed tooth.

Snag (n.) A tree, or a branch of a tree, fixed in the bottom of a river or other navigable water, and rising nearly or quite to the surface, by which boats are sometimes pierced and sunk.

Snag (n.) One of the secondary branches of an antler.

Snail (n.) Any one of numerous species of terrestrial air-breathing gastropods belonging to the genus Helix and many allied genera of the family Helicidae. They are abundant in nearly all parts of the world except the arctic regions, and feed almost entirely on vegetation; a land snail.

Snail (n.) Any gastropod having a general resemblance to the true snails, including fresh-water and marine species. See Pond snail, under Pond, and Sea snail.

Snail (n.) Hence, a drone; a slow-moving person or thing.

Snail (n.) A spiral cam, or a flat piece of metal of spirally curved out

Snail (n.) A tortoise; in ancient warfare, a movable roof or shed to protect besiegers; a testudo.

Snail (n.) The pod of the sanil clover.

Snailfish (n.) See Sea snail (a).

Snake (n.) Any species of the order Ophidia; an ophidian; a serpent, whether harmless or venomous. See Ophidia, and Serpent.

Snakebird (n.) Any one of four species of aquatic birds of the genus Anhinga or Plotus. They are allied to the gannets and cormorants, but have very long, slender, flexible necks, and sharp bills.

Snakebird (n.) The wryneck.

Snakefish (n.) The band fish.

Snakefish (n.) The lizard fish.

Snakehead (n.) A loose, bent-up end of one of the strap rails, or flat rails, formerly used on American railroads. It was sometimes so bent by the passage of a train as to slip over a wheel and pierce the bottom of a car.

Snakehead (n.) The turtlehead.

Snakehead (n.) The Guinea-hen flower. See Snake's-head, and under Guinea.

Snakeneck (n.) The snakebird, 1.

Snakeroot (n.) Any one of several plants of different genera and species, most of which are (or were formerly) reputed to be efficacious as remedies for the bites of serpents; also, the roots of any of these.

Snake's-head (n.) The Guinea-hen flower; -- so called in England because its spotted petals resemble the scales of a snake's head.

Snakestone (n.) A kind of hone slate or whetstone obtained in Scotland.

Snakestone (n.) An ammonite; -- so called from its form, which resembles that of a coiled snake.

Snake's-tongue (n.) Same as Adder's-tongue.

Snakeweed (n.) A kind of knotweed (Polygonum Bistorta).

Snakeweed (n.) The Virginia snakeroot. See Snakeroot.

Snakewood (n.) An East Indian climbing plant (Strychnos colubrina) having a bitter taste, and supposed to be a remedy for the bite of the hooded serpent.

Snakewood (n.) An East Indian climbing shrub (Ophioxylon serpentinum) which has the roots and stems twisted so as to resemble serpents.

Snakewood (n.) Same as Trumpetwood.

Snakewood (n.) A tropical American shrub (Plumieria rubra) which has very fragrant red blossoms.

Snakewood (n.) Same as Letterwood.

Snap (n.) To break at once; to break short, as substances that are brittle.

Snap (n.) To strike, to hit, or to shut, with a sharp sound.

Snap (n.) To bite or seize suddenly, especially with the teeth.

Snap (n.) To break upon suddenly with sharp, angry words; to treat snappishly; -- usually with up.

Snap (n.) To crack; to cause to make a sharp, cracking noise; as, to snap a whip.

Snap (n.) To project with a snap.

Snapdragon (n.) Any plant of the scrrophulariaceous genus Antirrhinum, especially the cultivated A. majus, whose showy flowers are fancifully likened to the face of a dragon.

Snapdragon (n.) A West Indian herb (Ruellia tuberosa) with curiously shaped blue flowers.

Snapdragon (n.) A play in which raisins are snatched from a vessel containing burning brandy, and eaten; also, that which is so eaten. See Flapdragon.

Snaphance (n.) A spring lock for discharging a firearm; also, the firearm to which it is attached.

Snaphance (n.) A trifling or second-rate thing or person.

Snaphead (n.) A hemispherical or rounded head to a rivet or bolt; also, a swaging tool with a cavity in its face for forming such a rounded head.

Snapper (n.) One who, or that which, snaps; as, a snapper up of trifles; the snapper of a whip.

Snapper (n.) Any one of several species of large sparoid food fishes of the genus Lutjanus, abundant on the southern coasts of the United States and on both coasts of tropical America.

Snapper (n.) A snapping turtle; as, the alligator snapper.

Snapper (n.) The green woodpecker, or yaffle.

Snapper (n.) A snap beetle.

Snapsack (n.) A knapsack.

Snapweed (n.) See Impatiens.

Snare (n.) A contrivance, often consisting of a noose of cord, or the like, by which a bird or other animal may be entangled and caught; a trap; a gin.

Snare (n.) Hence, anything by which one is entangled and brought into trouble.

Snare (n.) The gut or string stretched across the lower head of a drum.

Snare (n.) An instrument, consisting usually of a wireloop or noose, for removing tumors, etc., by avulsion.

Snarer (n.) One who lays snares, or entraps.

Snarl (n.) A knot or complication of hair, thread, or the like, difficult to disentangle; entanglement; hence, intricate complication; embarrassing difficulty.

Snarl (n.) The act of snarling; a growl; a surly or peevish expression; an angry contention.

Snarler (n.) One who snarls; a surly, growling animal; a grumbling, quarrelsome fellow.

Snarler (n.) One who makes use of a snarling iron.

Snatch (n.) To take or seize hastily, abruptly, or without permission or ceremony; as, to snatch a loaf or a kiss.

Snatch (n.) To seize and transport away; to rap.

Snatch (n.) A hasty catching or seizing; a grab; a catching at, or attempt to seize, suddenly.

Snatch (n.) A short period of vigorous action; as, a snatch at weeding after a shower.

Snatch (n.) A small piece, fragment, or quantity; a broken part; a scrap.

Snatcher (n.) One who snatches, or takes abruptly.

Snatch (n.) The handle of a scythe; a snead.

Snattock (n.) A chip; a alice.

Snaw (n.) Snow.

Snead (n.) A snath.

Snead (n.) A

Sneak (n.) A mean, sneaking fellow.

Sneak (n.) A ball bowled so as to roll along the ground; -- called also grub.

Sneak-cup (n.) One who sneaks from his cups; one who balks his glass.

Sneaker (n.) One who sneaks.

Sneaker (n.) A vessel of drink.

Sneakiness (n.) The quality of being sneaky.

Sneaksby (n.) A paltry fellow; a sneak.

Sneaky (n.) Like a sneak; sneaking.

Sneap (n.) A reprimand; a rebuke.

Sneath (n.) Alt. of Sneathe

Sneathe (n.) See Snath.

Sneck (n.) A door latch.

Snecket (n.) A door latch, or sneck.

Sned (n.) Alt. of Sneed

Sneed (n.) See Snath.

Sneer (n.) The act of sneering.

Sneer (n.) A smile, grin, or contortion of the face, indicative of contempt; an indirect expression or insinuation of contempt.

Sneerer (n.) One who sneers.

Sneeze (n.) A sudden and violent ejection of air with an audible sound, chiefly through the nose.

Sneezeweed (n.) A yellow-flowered composite plant (Helenium autumnale) the odor of which is said to cause sneezing.

Sneezewood (n.) The wood of a South African tree. See Neishout.

Sneezewort (n.) A European herbaceous plant (Achillea Ptarmica) allied to the yarrow, having a strong, pungent smell.

Sneezing (n.) The act of violently forcing air out through the nasal passages while the cavity of the mouth is shut off from the pharynx by the approximation of the soft palate and the base of the tongue.

Snell (n.) A short

Snet (n.) The fat of a deer.

Snib (n.) A reprimand; a snub.

Snick (n.) A small cut or mark.

Snick (n.) A slight hit or tip of the ball, often unintentional.

Snick (n.) A knot or irregularity in yarn.

Snick (n.) A snip or cut, as in the hair of a beast.

Snicker (n.) A half suppressed, broken laugh.

Sniff (n.) The act of sniffing; perception by sniffing; that which is taken by sniffing; as, a sniff of air.

Sniffing (n.) A rapid inspiratory act, in which the mouth is kept shut and the air drawn in through the nose.

Snift (n.) A moment.

Snift (n.) Slight snow; sleet.

Snig (n.) Alt. of Snigg

Snigg (n.) A small eel.

Snigger (n.) See Snicker.

Snip (n.) A single cut, as with shears or scissors; a clip.

Snip (n.) A small shred; a bit cut off.

Snip (n.) A share; a snack.

Snip (n.) A tailor.

Snip (n.) Small hand shears for cutting sheet metal.

Snipe (n.) Any one of numerous species of limico

Snipe (n.) A fool; a blockhead.

Snipebill (n.) A plane for cutting deep grooves in moldings.

Snipebill (n.) A bolt by which the body of a cart is fastened to the axle.

Snipefish (n.) The bellows fish.

Snipefish (n.) A long, slender deep-sea fish (Nemichthys scolopaceus) with a slender beak.

Snippack (n.) The common snipe.

Snipper (n.) One who snips.

Snipper-snaper (n.) A small, insignificant fellow.

Snippet (n.) A small part or piece.

Snip-snap (n.) A tart dialogue with quick replies.

Snite (n.) A snipe.

Sniveler (n.) One who snivels, esp. one who snivels habitually.

Snob (n.) A vulgar person who affects to be better, richer, or more fashionable, than he really is; a vulgar upstart; one who apes his superiors.

Snob (n.) A townsman.

Snob (n.) A journeyman shoemaker.

Snob (n.) A workman who accepts lower than the usual wages, or who refuses to strike when his fellows do; a rat; a knobstick.

Snobbery (n.) The quality of being snobbish; snobbishness.

Snobbishness (n.) Vulgar affectation or ostentation; mean admiration of mean things; conduct or manners of a snob.

Snobbism (n.) Snobbery.

Snobling (n.) A little snob.

Snobocracy (n.) Snobs, collectively.

Snod (n.) A fillet; a headband; a snood.

Snoff (n.) A short candle end used for igniting a fuse.

Snood (n.) The fillet which binds the hair of a young unmarried woman, and is emblematic of her maiden character.

Snood (n.) A short

Snook (n.) A large perchlike marine food fish (Centropomus undecimalis) found both on the Atlantic and Pacific coasts of tropical America; -- called also ravallia, and robalo.

Snook (n.) The cobia.

Snook (n.) The garfish.

Snooze (n.) A short sleep; a nap.

Snore (n.) A harsh nasal noise made in sleep.

Snorer (n.) One who snores.

Snoring (n.) The act of respiring through the open mouth so that the currents of inspired and expired air cause a vibration of the uvula and soft palate, thus giving rise to a sound more or less harsh. It is usually unvoluntary, but may be produced voluntarily.

Snort (n.) The act of snorting; the sound produced in snorting.

Snorter (n.) One who snorts.

Snorter (n.) The wheather; -- so called from its cry.

Snot (n.) Mucus secreted in, or discharged from, the nose.

Snot (n.) A mean, insignificant fellow.

Snotter (n.) A rope going over a yardarm, used to bend a tripping

Snottery (n.) Filth; abomination.

Snout (n.) The long, projecting nose of a beast, as of swine.

Snout (n.) The nose of a man; -- in contempt.

Snout (n.) The nozzle of a pipe, hose, etc.

Snout (n.) The anterior prolongation of the head of a gastropod; -- called also rostrum.

Snout (n.) The anterior prolongation of the head of weevils and allied beetles.

Snow (n.) A square-rigged vessel, differing from a brig only in that she has a trysail mast close abaft the mainmast, on which a large trysail is hoisted.

Snow (n.) Watery particles congealed into white or transparent crystals or flakes in the air, and falling to the earth, exhibiting a great variety of very beautiful and perfect forms.

Snow (n.) Fig.: Something white like snow, as the white color (argent) in heraldry; something which falls in, or as in, flakes.

Snowball (n.) A round mass of snow pressed or roller together, or anything resembling such a mass.

Snowball (n.) The Guelder-rose.

Snowberry (n.) A name of several shrubs with white berries; as, the Symphoricarpus racemosus of the Northern United States, and the Chiococca racemosa of Florida and tropical America.

Snowbird (n.) An arctic finch (Plectrophenax, / Plectrophanes, nivalis) common, in winter, both in Europe and the United States, and often appearing in large flocks during snowstorms. It is partially white, but variously marked with chestnut and brown. Called also snow bunting, snowflake, snowfleck, and snowflight.

Snowbird (n.) Any finch of the genus Junco which appears in flocks in winter time, especially J. hyemalis in the Eastern United States; -- called also blue snowbird. See Junco.

Snowbird (n.) The fieldfare.

Snow-broth (n.) Snow and water mixed, or snow just melted; very cold liquor.

Snowcap (n.) A very small humming bird (Microchaera albocoronata) native of New Grenada.

Snowdrift (n.) A bank of drifted snow.

Snowdrop (n.) A bulbous plant (Galanthus nivalis) bearing white flowers, which often appear while the snow is on the ground. It is cultivated in gardens for its beauty.

Snowflake (n.) A flake, or small filmy mass, of snow.

Snowflake (n.) See Snowbird, 1.

Snowflake (n.) A name given to several bulbous plants of the genus Leucoium (L. vernum, aestivum, etc.) resembling the snowdrop, but having all the perianth leaves of equal size.

Snowfleck (n.) See Snowbird, 1.

Snowl (n.) The hooded merganser.

Snowplow (n.) Alt. of Snowplough

Snowplough (n.) An implement operating like a plow, but on a larger scale, for clearing away the snow from roads, railways, etc.

Snowshed (n.) A shelter to protect from snow, esp. a long roof over an exposed part of a railroad.

Snowshoe (n.) A slight frame of wood three or four feet long and about one third as wide, with thongs or cords stretched across it, and having a support and holder for the foot; -- used by persons for walking on soft snow.

Snowshoer (n.) One who travels on snowshoes; an expert in using snowshoes.

Snowshoeing (n.) Traveling on snowshoes.

Snowslip (n.) A large mass or avalanche of snow which slips down the side of a mountain, etc.

Snowstorm (n.) A storm with falling snow.

Snub (n.) A knot; a protuberance; a song.

Snub (n.) A check or rebuke; an intended slight.

Snudge (n.) A miser; a sneaking fellow.

Snuff (n.) The act of snuffing; perception by snuffing; a sniff.

Snuff (n.) Pulverized tobacco, etc., prepared to be taken into the nose; also, the amount taken at once.

Snuff (n.) Resentment, displeasure, or contempt, expressed by a snuffing of the nose.

Snuffbox (n.) A small box for carrying snuff about the person.

Snuffer (n.) One who snuffs.

Snuffer (n.) The common porpoise.

Snuffle (n.) The act of snuffing; a sound made by the air passing through the nose when obstructed.

Snuffle (n.) An affected nasal twang; hence, cant; hypocrisy.

Snuffle (n.) Obstruction of the nose by mucus; nasal catarrh of infants or children.

Snuffler (n.) One who snuffles; one who uses cant.

Snug (n.) Same as Lug, n., 3.

Snuggery (n.) A snug, cozy place.

Snugness (n.) The quality or state of being snug.

Sny (n.) An upward bend in a piece of timber; the sheer of a vessel.

Snying (n.) A curved plank, placed edgewise, to work in the bows of a vessel.

Soakage (n.) The act of soaking, or the state of being soaked; also, the quantity that enters or issues by soaking.

Soaker (n.) One who, or that which, soaks.

Soaker (n.) A hard drinker.

Soal (n.) The sole of a shoe.

Soal (n.) See Sole, the fish.

Soal (n.) A dirty pond.

Soam (n.) A chain by which a leading horse draws a plow.

Soap (n.) A substance which dissolves in water, thus forming a lather, and is used as a cleansing agent. Soap is produced by combining fats or oils with alkalies or alka

Soapfish (n.) Any serranoid fish of the genus Rhypticus; -- so called from the soapy feeling of its skin.

Soapiness (n.) Quality or state of being soapy.

Soaproot (n.) A perennial herb (Gypsophila Struthium) the root of which is used in Spain as a substitute for soap.

Soapstone (n.) See Steatite, and Talc.

Soapwort (n.) A common plant (Saponaria officinalis) of the Pink family; -- so called because its bruised leaves, when agitated in water, produce a lather like that from soap. Called also Bouncing Bet.

Soar (n.) The act of soaring; upward flight.

Sob (n.) The act of sobbing; a convulsive sigh, or inspiration of the breath, as in sorrow.

Sob (n.) Any sorrowful cry or sound.

Sobbing (n.) A series of short, convulsive inspirations, the glottis being suddenly closed so that little or no air enters into the lungs.

Soberness (n.) The quality or state of being sober.

Soboles (n.) A shoot running along under ground, forming new plants at short distances.

Soboles (n.) A sucker, as of tree or shrub.

Sobriety (n.) Habitual soberness or temperance as to the use of spirituous liquors; as, a man of sobriety.

Sobriety (n.) Habitual freedom from enthusiasm, inordinate passion, or overheated imagination; calmness; coolness; gravity; seriousness; as, the sobriety of riper years.

Sobriquet (n.) An assumed name; a fanciful epithet or appellation; a nickname.

Soc (n.) The lord's power or privilege of holding a court in a district, as in manor or lordship; jurisdiction of causes, and the limits of that jurisdiction.

Soc (n.) Liberty or privilege of tenants excused from customary burdens.

Soc (n.) An exclusive privilege formerly claimed by millers of grinding all the corn used within the manor or township which the mill stands.

Socage (n.) A tenure of lands and tenements by a certain or determinate service; a tenure distinct from chivalry or knight's service, in which the obligations were uncertain. The service must be certain, in order to be denominated socage, as to hold by fealty and twenty shillings rent.

Socager (n.) A tennant by socage; a socman.

Sociability (n.) The quality of being sociable; sociableness.

Sociable (n.) A gathering of people for social purposes; an informal party or reception; as, a church sociable.

Sociable (n.) A carriage having two double seats facing each other, and a box for the driver.

Sociableness (n.) The quality of being sociable.

Socialism (n.) A theory or system of social reform which contemplates a complete reconstruction of society, with a more just and equitable distribution of property and labor. In popular usage, the term is often employed to indicate any lawless, revolutionary social scheme. See Communism, Fourierism, Saint-Simonianism, forms of socialism.

Socialist (n.) One who advocates or practices the doctrines of socialism.

Sociality (n.) The quality of being social; socialness.

Socialness (n.) The quality or state of being social.

Sociate (n.) An associate.

Society (n.) The relationship of men to one another when associated in any way; companionship; fellowship; company.

Society (n.) Connection; participation; partnership.

Society (n.) A number of persons associated for any temporary or permanent object; an association for mutual or joint usefulness, pleasure, or profit; a social union; a partnership; as, a missionary society.

Society (n.) The persons, collectively considered, who live in any region or at any period; any community of individuals who are united together by a common bond of nearness or intercourse; those who recognize each other as associates, friends, and acquaintances.

Society (n.) Specifically, the more cultivated portion of any community in its social relations and influences; those who mutually give receive formal entertainments.

Socinian (n.) One of the followers of Socinus; a believer in Socinianism.

Socinianism (n.) The tenets or doctrines of Faustus Socinus, an Italian theologian of the sixteenth century, who denied the Trinity, the deity of Christ, the personality of the Devil, the native and total depravity of man, the vicarious atonement, and the eternity of future punishment. His theory was, that Christ was a man divinely commissioned, who had no existence before he was conceived by the Virgin Mary; that human sin was the imitation of Adam's sin, and that human salvation was the i>

Sociologist (n.) One who treats of, or devotes himself to, the study of sociology.

Sociology (n.) That branch of philosophy which treats of the constitution, phenomena, and development of human society; social science.

Sock (n.) A plowshare.

Sock (n.) The shoe worn by actors of comedy in ancient Greece and Rome, -- used as a symbol of comedy, or of the comic drama, as distinguished from tragedy, which is symbolized by the buskin.

Sock (n.) A knit or woven covering for the foot and lower leg; a stocking with a short leg.

Sock (n.) A warm inner sole for a shoe.

Sockdolager (n.) That which finishes or ends a matter; a settler; a poser, as a heavy blow, a conclusive answer, and the like.

Sockdolager (n.) A combination of two hooks which close upon each other, by means of a spring, as soon as the fish bites.

Socket (n.) An opening into which anything is fitted; any hollow thing or place which receives and holds something else; as, the sockets of the teeth.

Socket (n.) Especially, the hollow tube or place in which a candle is fixed in the candlestick.

Socle (n.) A plain block or plinth forming a low pedestal; any base; especially, the base of a statue, column, or the like. See Plinth.

Socle (n.) A plain face or plinth at the lower part of a wall.

Socman (n.) One who holds lands or tenements by socage; a socager.

Socmanry (n.) Tenure by socage.

Socome (n.) A custom of tenants to grind corn at the lord's mill.

Socotrine (n.) A native or inhabitant of Socotra.

Socratism (n.) The philosophy or the method of Socrates.

Socratist (n.) A disciple or follower of Socrates.

Sod (n.) The rock dove.

Sod (n.) That stratum of the surface of the soil which is filled with the roots of grass, or any portion of that surface; turf; sward.

Soda (n.) Sodium oxide or hydroxide.

Soda (n.) Popularly, sodium carbonate or bicarbonate.

Sodalite (n.) A mineral of a white to blue or gray color, occuring commonly in dodecahedrons, also massive. It is a silicate of alumina and soda with some chlorine.

Sodality (n.) A fellowship or fraternity; a brotherhood.

Sodality (n.) Specifically, a lay association for devotion or for charitable purposes.

Sodamide (n.) A greenish or reddish crystal

Sodium (n.) A common metallic element of the alkali group, in nature always occuring combined, as in common salt, in albite, etc. It is isolated as a soft, waxy, white, unstable metal, so readily oxidized that it combines violently with water, and to be preserved must be kept under petroleum or some similar liquid. Sodium is used combined in many salts, in the free state as a reducer, and as a means of obtaining other metals (as magnesium and aluminium) is an important commercial product. S>

Sodomite (n.) An inhabitant of Sodom.

Sodomite (n.) One guilty of sodomy.

Sodomy (n.) Carnal copulation in a manner against nature; buggery.

Soe (n.) A large wooden vessel for holding water; a cowl.

Sofa (n.) A long seat, usually with a cushioned bottom, back, and ends; -- much used as a comfortable piece of furniture.

Soffit (n.) The under side of the subordinate parts and members of buildings, such as staircases, entablatures, archways, cornices, or the like. See Illust. of Lintel.

Sofi (n.) Same as Sufi.

Sofism (n.) Same as Sufism.

Soft (n.) A soft or foolish person; an idiot.

Softa (n.) Any one attached to a Mohammedan mosque, esp. a student of the higher branches of theology in a mosque school.

Softener (n.) One who, or that which, softens.

Softling (n.) A soft, effeminate person; a voluptuary.

Softner (n.) See Softener.

Softness (n.) The quality or state of being soft; -- opposed to hardness, and used in the various specific senses of the adjective.

Sogginess (n.) The quality or state of being soggy; soddenness; wetness.

Soil (n.) The upper stratum of the earth; the mold, or that compound substance which furnishes nutriment to plants, or which is particularly adapted to support and nourish them.

Soil (n.) Land; country.

Soil (n.) Dung; faeces; compost; manure; as, night soil.

Soil (n.) A marshy or miry place to which a hunted boar resorts for refuge; hence, a wet place, stream, or tract of water, sought for by other game, as deer.

Soil (n.) To make dirty or unclean on the surface; to foul; to dirty; to defile; as, to soil a garment with dust.

Soil (n.) To stain or mar, as with infamy or disgrace; to tarnish; to sully.

Soil (n.) That which soils or pollutes; a soiled place; spot; stain.

Soi

Soilure (n.) Stain; pollution.

Soiree (n.) An evening party; -- distinguished from levee, and matinee.

Soja (n.) An Asiatic leguminous herb (Glycine Soja) the seeds of which are used in preparing the sauce called soy.

Sojourner (n.) One who sojourns.

Sojourning (n.) The act or state of one who sojourns.

Sojournment (n.) Temporary residence, as that of a stranger or a traveler.

Soke (n.) See Soc.

Soke (n.) One of the small territorial divisions into which Lincolnshire, England, is divided.

Sokeman (n.) See Socman.

Sokemanry (n.) See Socmanry.

Soken (n.) A toll. See Soc, n., 2.

Soken (n.) A district held by socage.

Soko (n.) An African anthropoid ape, supposed to be a variety of the chimpanzee.

Sol (n.) The sun.

Sol (n.) Gold; -- so called from its brilliancy, color, and value.

Sol (n.) A syllable applied in solmization to the note G, or to the fifth tone of any diatonic scale.

Sol (n.) The tone itself.

Sol (n.) A sou.

Sol (n.) A silver and gold coin of Peru. The silver sol is the unit of value, and is worth about 68 cents.

Sola (n.) A leguminous plant (Aeschynomene aspera) growing in moist places in Southern India and the East Indies. Its pithlike stem is used for making hats, swimming-jackets, etc.

Solace (n.) To cheer in grief or under calamity; to comfort; to relieve in affliction, solitude, or discomfort; to console; -- applied to persons; as, to solace one with the hope of future reward.

Solace (n.) To allay; to assuage; to soothe; as, to solace grief.

Solacement (n.) The act of solacing, or the state of being solaced; also, that which solaces.

Soland (n.) A solan goose.

Solander (n.) See Sallenders.

Solania (n.) Solanine.

Solanicine (n.) An alkaloid produced by the action of hydrochloric acid on solanidine, as a tasteless yellow crystal

Solanidine (n.) An alkaloid produced by the decomposition of solanine, as a white crystal

Solanine (n.) A poisonous alkaloid glucoside extracted from the berries of common nightshade (Solanum nigrum), and of bittersweet, and from potato sprouts, as a white crystal

Solanum (n.) A genus of plants comprehending the potato (S. tuberosum), the eggplant (S. melongena, and several hundred other species; nightshade.

Solarium (n.) An apartment freely exposed to the sun; anciently, an apartment or inclosure on the roof of a house; in modern times, an apartment in a hospital, used as a resort for convalescents.

Solarium (n.) Any one of several species of handsome marine spiral shells of the genus Solarium and allied genera. The shell is conical, and usually has a large, deep umbilicus exposing the upper whorls. Called also perspective shell.

Solarization (n.) Injury of a photographic picture caused by exposing it for too long a time to the sun's light in the camera; burning; excessive insolation.

Solas (n.) Solace.

Solatium (n.) Anything which alleviates or compensates for suffering or loss; a compensation; esp., an additional allowance, as for injured feelings.

Sold (n.) Solary; military pay.

Soldan (n.) A sultan.

Soldanel (n.) A plant of the genus Soldanella, low Alpine herbs of the Primrose family.

Soldanrie (n.) The country ruled by a soldan, or sultan.

Solder (n.) A metal or metallic alloy used when melted for uniting adjacent metallic edges or surfaces; a metallic cement.

Solder (n.) anything which unites or cements.

Solder (n.) To unite (metallic surfaces or edges) by the intervention of a more fusible metal or metallic alloy applied when melted; to join by means of metallic cement.

Solder (n.) To mend; to patch up.

Solderer (n.) One who solders.

Soldier (n.) One who is engaged in military service as an officer or a private; one who serves in an army; one of an organized body of combatants.

Soldier (n.) Especially, a private in military service, as distinguished from an officer.

Soldier (n.) A brave warrior; a man of military experience and skill, or a man of distinguished valor; -- used by way of emphasis or distinction.

Soldier (n.) The red or cuckoo gurnard (Trigla pini.)

Soldier (n.) One of the asexual polymorphic forms of white ants, or termites, in which the head and jaws are very large and strong. The soldiers serve to defend the nest. See Termite.

Soldieress (n.) A female soldier.

Soldiering (n.) The act of serving as a soldier; the state of being a soldier; the occupation of a soldier.

Soldiering (n.) The act of feigning to work. See the Note under Soldier, v. i., 2.

Soldiership (n.) Military qualities or state; martial skill; behavior becoming a soldier.

Soldierwood (n.) A showy leguminous plant (Calliandra purpurea) of the West Indies. The flowers have long tassels of purple stamens.

Soldiery (n.) A body of soldiers; soldiers, collectivelly; the military.

Soldiery (n.) Military service.

Soldo (n.) A small Italian coin worth a sou or a cent; the twentieth part of a lira.

Sole (n.) Any one of several species of flatfishes of the genus Solea and allied genera of the family Soleidae, especially the common European species (Solea vulgaris), which is a valuable food fish.

Sole (n.) Any one of several American flounders somewhat resembling the true sole in form or quality, as the California sole (Lepidopsetta bi

Sole (n.) The bottom of the foot; hence, also, rarely, the foot itself.

Sole (n.) The bottom of a shoe or boot, or the piece of leather which constitutes the bottom.

Sole (n.) The bottom or lower part of anything, or that on which anything rests in standing.

Sole (n.) The bottom of the body of a plow; -- called also slade; also, the bottom of a furrow.

Sole (n.) The horny substance under a horse's foot, which protects the more tender parts.

Sole (n.) The bottom of an embrasure.

Sole (n.) A piece of timber attached to the lower part of the rudder, to make it even with the false keel.

Sole (n.) The seat or bottom of a mine; -- applied to horizontal veins or lodes.

Solecism (n.) An impropriety or incongruity of language in the combination of words or parts of a sentence; esp., deviation from the idiom of a language or from the rules of syntax.

Solecism (n.) Any inconsistency, unfitness, absurdity, or impropriety, as in deeds or manners.

Solecist (n.) One who commits a solecism.

Solemness (n.) Solemnness.

Solemnity (n.) A rite or ceremony performed with religious reverence; religious or ritual ceremony; as, the solemnity of a funeral, a sacrament.

Solemnity (n.) ceremony adapted to impress with awe.

Solemnity (n.) Ceremoniousness; impressiveness; seriousness; grave earnestness; formal dignity; gravity.

Solemnity (n.) Hence, affected gravity or seriousness.

Solemnity (n.) Solemn state or feeling; awe or reverence; also, that which produces such a feeling; as, the solemnity of an audience; the solemnity of Westminster Abbey.

Solemnity (n.) A solemn or formal observance; proceeding according to due form; the formality which is necessary to render a thing done valid.

Solemnization (n.) The act of solemnizing; celebration; as, the solemnization of a marriage.

Solemnize (n.) Solemnization.

Solemnizer (n.) One who solemnizes.

Solemnness (n.) The state or quality of being solemn; solemnity; impressiveness; gravity; as, the solemnness of public worship.

Solen (n.) A cradle, as for a broken limb. See Cradle, 6.

Solen (n.) Any marine bivalve mollusk belonging to Solen or allied genera of the family Solenidae; a razor shell.

Solenacean (n.) Any species of marine bivalve shells belonging to the family Solenidae.

Soleness (n.) The state of being sole, or alone; singleness.

Solenette (n.) A small European sole (Solea minuta).

Solenodon (n.) Either one of two species of singular West Indian insectivores, allied to the tenrec. One species (Solendon paradoxus), native of St. Domingo, is called also agouta; the other (S. Cubanus), found in Cuba, is called almique.

Solenoglyph (n.) One of the Selenoglypha.

Solenoid (n.) An electrodynamic spiral having the conjuctive wire turned back along its axis, so as to neutralize that component of the effect of the current which is due to the length of the spiral, and reduce the whole effect to that of a series of equal and parallel circular currents. When traversed by a current the solenoid exhibits polarity and attraction or repulsion, like a magnet.

Soleplate (n.) A bedplate; as, the soleplate of a steam engine.

Soleplate (n.) The plate forming the back of a waterwheel bucket.

Soler (n.) Alt. of Solere

Solere (n.) A loft or garret. See Solar, n.

Solertiousness (n.) The quality or state of being solert.

Soleship (n.) The state of being sole, or alone; soleness.

Sol-fa (n.) The gamut, or musical scale. See Tonic sol-fa, under Tonic, n.

Solfanaria (n.) A sulphur mine.

Solfatara (n.) A volcanic area or vent which yields only sulphur vapors, steam, and the like. It represents the stages of the volcanic activity.

Solfeggio (n.) The system of arranging the scale by the names do, re, mi, fa, sol, la, si, by which singing is taught; a singing exercise upon these syllables.

Solferino (n.) A brilliant deep pink color with a purplish tinge, one of the dyes derived from ani

Soli (n.) pl. of Solo.

Solicitant (n.) One who solicits.

Soliitation (n.) The act of soliciting; earnest request; persistent asking; importunity.

Soliitation (n.) Excitement; invitation; as, the solicitation of the senses.

Solicitor (n.) One who solicits.

Solicitor (n.) An attorney or advocate; one who represents another in court; -- formerly, in English practice, the professional designation of a person admitted to practice in a court of chancery or equity. See the Note under Attorney.

Solicitor (n.) The law officer of a city, town, department, or government; as, the city solicitor; the solicitor of the treasury.

Solicitor-general (n.) The second law officer in the government of Great Britain; also, a similar officer under the United States government, who is associated with the attorney-general; also, the chief law officer of some of the States.

Solicitress (n.) A woman who solicits.

Solicitude (n.) The state of being solicitous; uneasiness of mind occasioned by fear of evil or desire good; anxiety.

Solid (n.) A substance that is held in a fixed form by cohesion among its particles; a substance not fluid.

Solid (n.) A magnitude which has length, breadth, and thickness; a part of space bounded on all sides.

Solidago (n.) A genus of yellow-flowered composite perennial herbs; golden-rod.

Solidare (n.) A small piece of money.

Solidarity (n.) An entire union or consolidation of interests and responsibilities; fellowship; community.

Solidification (n.) Act of solidifying, or state of being solidified.

Solidism (n.) The doctrine that refers all diseases to morbid changes of the solid parts of the body. It rests on the view that the solids alone are endowed with vital properties, and can receive the impression of agents tending to produce disease.

Solidist (n.) An advocate of, or believer in, solidism.

Solidity (n.) The state or quality of being solid; density; consistency, -- opposed to fluidity; compactness; fullness of matter, -- opposed to openness or hollowness; strength; soundness, -- opposed to weakness or instability; the primary quality or affection of matter by which its particles exclude or resist all others; hardness; massiveness.

Solidity (n.) Moral firmness; soundness; strength; validity; truth; certainty; -- as opposed to weakness or fallaciousness; as, the solidity of arguments or reasoning; the solidity of principles, triuths, or opinions.

Solidity (n.) The solid contents of a body; volume; amount of inclosed space.

Solidness (n.) State or quality of being solid; firmness; compactness; solidity, as of material bodies.

Solidness (n.) Soundness; strength; truth; validity, as of arguments, reasons, principles, and the like.

Solidungulate (n.) Same as Soliped.

Solifidian (n.) One who maintains that faith alone, without works, is sufficient for justification; -- opposed to nullifidian.

Solifidianism (n.) The state of Solifidians.

Soliloquy (n.) The act of talking to one's self; a discourse made by one in solitude to one's self; monologue.

Soliloquy (n.) A written composition, reciting what it is supposed a person says to himself.

Soliped (n.) A mammal having a single hoof on each foot, as the horses and asses; a solidungulate.

Solipsism (n.) Egotism.

Solipsism (n.) Egoism.

Solitaire (n.) A person who lives in solitude; a recluse; a hermit.

Solitaire (n.) A single diamond in a setting; also, sometimes, a precious stone of any kind set alone.

Solitaire (n.) A game which one person can play alone; -- applied to many games of cards, etc.; also, to a game played on a board with pegs or balls, in which the object is, beginning with all the places filled except one, to remove all but one of the pieces by "jumping," as in draughts.

Solitaire (n.) A large extinct bird (Pezophaps solitaria) which formerly inhabited the islands of Mauritius and Rodrigeuz. It was larger and taller than the wild turkey. Its wings were too small for flight. Called also solitary.

Solitaire (n.) Any species of American thrushlike birds of the genus Myadestes. They are noted their sweet songs and retiring habits. Called also fly-catching thrush. A West Indian species (Myadestes sibilans) is called the invisible bird.

Solitarian (n.) A hermit; a solitary.

Soliitariety (n.) The state of being solitary; solitariness.

Solitariness (n.) Condition of being solitary.

Solitary (n.) One who lives alone, or in solitude; an anchoret; a hermit; a recluse.

Sollar (n.) See Solar, n.

Sollar (n.) A platform in a shaft, especially one of those between the series of ladders in a shaft.

Solleret (n.) A flexible steel shoe (or one of the plates forming such a shoe), worn with mediaeval armor.

Solmization (n.) The act of sol-faing.

Soloist (n.) One who sings or plays a solo.

Solomon (n.) One of the kings of Israel, noted for his superior wisdom and magnificent reign; hence, a very wise man.

Solon (n.) A celebrated Athenian lawmaker, born about 638 b. c.; hence, a legislator; a publicist; -- often used ironically.

Solpugid (n.) One of the Solifugae.

Solubility (n.) The quality, condition, or degree of being soluble or solvable; as, the solubility of a salt; the solubility of a problem or intricate difficulty.

Solubility (n.) The tendency to separate readily into parts by spurious articulations, as the pods of tick trefoil.

Solubleness (n.) Quality or state of being soluble.

Solution (n.) The act of separating the parts of any body, or the condition of undergoing a separation of parts; disruption; breach.

Solution (n.) The act of solving, or the state of being solved; the disentanglement of any intricate problem or difficult question; explanation; clearing up; -- used especially in mathematics, either of the process of solving an equation or problem, or the result of the process.

Solution (n.) The state of being dissolved or disintegrated; resolution; disintegration.

Solution (n.) The act or process by which a body (whether solid, liquid, or gaseous) is absorbed into a liquid, and, remaining or becoming fluid, is diffused throughout the solvent; also, the product reulting from such absorption.

Solution (n.) release; deliverance; discharge.

Solution (n.) The termination of a disease; resolution.

Solution (n.) A crisis.

Solution (n.) A liquid medicine or preparation (usually aqueous) in which the solid ingredients are wholly soluble.

Solvability (n.) The quality or state of being solvable; as, the solvability of a difficulty; the solvability of a problem.

Solvability (n.) The condition of being solvent; ability to pay all just debts; solvency; as, the solvability of a merchant.

Solvableness (n.) Quality of being solvable.

Solve (n.) A solution; an explanation.

Solvency (n.) The quality or state of being solvent.

Solvend (n.) A substance to be dissolved.

Solvent (n.) A substance (usually liquid) suitable for, or employed in, solution, or in dissolving something; as, water is the appropriate solvent of most salts, alcohol of resins, ether of fats, and mercury or acids of metals, etc.

Solvent (n.) That which resolves; as, a solvent of mystery.

Solver (n.) One who, or that which, solves.

Soma (n.) The whole axial portion of an animal, including the head, neck, trunk, and tail.

Somaj (n.) Alt. of Samaj

Samaj (n.) A society; a congregation; a worshiping assembly, or church, esp. of the Brahmo-somaj.

Somali (n.) Alt. of Somal

Somal (n.) A Hamitic people of East Central Africa.

Somatics (n.) The science which treats of the general properties of matter; somatology.

Somatist (n.) One who admits the existence of material beings only; a materialist.

Somatocyst (n.) A cavity in the primary nectocalyx of certain Siphonophora. See Illust. under Nectocalyx.

Somatology (n.) The doctrine or the science of the general properties of material substances; somatics.

Somatology (n.) A treatise on the human body; anatomy.

Somatome (n.) See Somite.

Somatopleure (n.) The outer, or parietal, one of the two lamellae into which the vertebrate blastoderm divides on either side of the notochord, and from which the walls of the body and the amnion are developed. See Splanchnopleure.

Somatotropism (n.) A directive influence exercised by a mass of matter upon growing organs.

Somber (n.) Alt. of Sombre

Sombre (n.) Gloom; obscurity; duskiness; somberness.

Somberness (n.) Alt. of Sombreness

Sombreness (n.) The quality or state of being somber; gloominess.

Sombrero (n.) A kind of broad-brimmed hat, worn in Spain and in Spanish America.

Somebody (n.) A person unknown or uncertain; a person indeterminate; some person.

Somebody (n.) A person of consideration or importance.

Somersault (n.) Alt. of Somerset

Somerset (n.) A leap in which a person turns his heels over his head and lights upon his feet; a turning end over end.

Something (n.) Anything unknown, undetermined, or not specifically designated; a certain indefinite thing; an indeterminate or unknown event; an unspecified task, work, or thing.

Something (n.) A part; a portion, more or less; an indefinite quantity or degree; a little.

Something (n.) A person or thing importance.

Somewhat (n.) More or less; a certain quantity or degree; a part, more or less; something.

Somewhat (n.) A person or thing of importance; a somebody.

Somite (n.) One of the actual or ideal serial segments of which an animal, esp. an articulate or vertebrate, is is composed; somatome; metamere.

Sommeil (n.) Slumber; sleep.

Sommerset (n.) See Somersault.

Somnambulation (n.) The act of walking in sleep.

Somnambulator (n.) A somnambulist.

Somnambule (n.) A somnambulist.

Somnambulism (n.) A condition of the nervous system in which an individual during sleep performs actions approppriate to the waking state; a state of sleep in which some of the senses and voluntary powers are partially awake; noctambulism.

Somnambulist (n.) A person who is subject to somnambulism; one who walks in his sleep; a sleepwalker; a noctambulist.

Somner (n.) A summoner; esp., one who summons to an ecclesiastical court.

Somniloquence (n.) The act of talking in one's sleep; somniloquism.

Somniloquism (n.) The act or habit of talking in one's sleep; somniloquy.

Somniloquist (n.) One who talks in his sleep.

Somniloquy (n.) A talking in sleep; the talking of one in a state of somnipathy.

Somnipathist (n.) A person in a state of somniapathy.

Somnipathy (n.) Sleep from sympathy, or produced by mesmerism or the like.

Somnolence (n.) Alt. of Somnolency

Somnolency (n.) Sleepiness; drowsiness; inclination to sleep.

Somnolism (n.) The somnolent state induced by animal magnetism.

Somnopathy (n.) Somnipathy.

Somnour (n.) A summoner; an apparitor; a sompnour.

Somonaunce (n.) Alt. of Somonce

Somonce (n.) A summons; a citation.

Sommonour (n.) A summoner.

Sompnour (n.) A summoner.

Son (n.) A male child; the male issue, or offspring, of a parent, father or mother.

Son (n.) A male descendant, however distant; hence, in the plural, descendants in general.

Son (n.) Any young male person spoken of as a child; an adopted male child; a pupil, ward, or any other male dependent.

Son (n.) A native or inhabitant of some specified place; as, sons of Albion; sons of New England.

Son (n.) The produce of anything.

Son (n.) Jesus Christ, the Savior; -- called the Son of God, and the Son of man.

Sonance (n.) A sound; a tune; as, to sound the tucket sonance.

Sonance (n.) The quality or state of being sonant.

Sonant (n.) A sonant letter.

Sonata (n.) An extended composition for one or two instruments, consisting usually of three or four movements; as, Beethoven's sonatas for the piano, for the violin and piano, etc.

Sonatina (n.) A short and simple sonata.

Sondeli (n.) The musk shrew. See under Musk.

Song (n.) That which is sung or uttered with musical modulations of the voice, whether of a human being or of a bird, insect, etc.

Song (n.) A lyrical poem adapted to vocal music; a ballad.

Song (n.) More generally, any poetical strain; a poem.

Song (n.) Poetical composition; poetry; verse.

Song (n.) An object of derision; a laughingstock.

Song (n.) A trifle.

Songcraft (n.) The art of making songs or verse; metrical composition; versification.

Songster (n.) One who sings; one skilled in singing; -- not often applied to human beings.

Songster (n.) A singing bird.

Songstress (n.) A woman who sings; a female singing bird.

Sonifer (n.) A kind of ear trumpet for the deaf, or the partially deaf.

Sonification (n.) The act of producing sound, as the stridulation of insects.

Son-in-law (n.) The husband of one's daughter; a man in his relationship to his wife's parents.

Sonnet (n.) A short poem, -- usually amatory.

Sonnet (n.) A poem of fourteen

Sonneteer (n.) A composer of sonnets, or small poems; a small poet; -- usually in contempt.

Sonneter (n.) A composer of sonnets.

Sonnetist (n.) A sonneter, or sonneteer.

Sonnite (n.) See Sunnite.

Sonometer (n.) An instrument for exhibiting the transverse vibrations of cords, and ascertaining the relations between musical notes. It consists of a cord stretched by weight along a box, and divided into different lengths at pleasure by a bridge, the place of which is determined by a scale on the face of the box.

Sonometer (n.) An instrument for testing the hearing capacity.

Sonority (n.) The quality or state of being sonorous; sonorousness.

Sonship (n.) The state of being a son, or of bearing the relation of a son; filiation.

Sontag (n.) A knitted worsted jacket, worn over the waist of a woman's dress.

Sonties (n.) Probably from "saintes" saints, or from sanctities; -- used as an oath.

Soochong (n.) Same as Souchong.

Soojee (n.) Same as Suji.

Soonee (n.) See Sunnite.

Soord (n.) Skin of bacon.

Soorma (n.) A preparation of antimony with which Mohammedan men anoint their eyelids.

Sooshong (n.) See Souchong.

Soosoo (n.) A kind of dolphin (Platanista Gangeticus) native of the river Ganges; the Gangetic dolphin. It has a long, slender, somewhat spatulate beak.

Soot (n.) A black substance formed by combustion, or disengaged from fuel in the process of combustion, which rises in fine particles, and adheres to the sides of the chimney or pipe conveying the smoke; strictly, the fine powder, consisting chiefly of carbon, which colors smoke, and which is the result of imperfect combustion. See Smoke.

Sooterkin (n.) A kind of false birth, fabled to be produced by Dutch women from sitting over their stoves; also, an abortion, in a figurative sense; an abortive scheme.

Soother (n.) One who, or that which, soothes.

Soothness (n.) Truth; reality.

Soothsay (n.) A true saying; a proverb; a prophecy.

Soothsay (n.) Omen; portent. Having

Soothsayer (n.) One who foretells events by the art of soothsaying; a prognosticator.

Soothsayer (n.) A mantis.

Soothsaying (n.) A true saying; truth.

Soothsaying (n.) The act of one who soothsays; the foretelling of events; the art or practice of making predictions.

Soothsaying (n.) A prediction; a prophecy; a prognostication.

Sootiness (n.) The quality or state of being sooty; fuliginousness.

Sope (n.) See Soap.

Soph (n.) A contraction of Soph ister.

Soph (n.) A contraction of Sophomore.

Sophi (n.) See Sufi.

Sophime (n.) Sophism.

Sophism (n.) The doctrine or mode of reasoning practiced by a sophist; hence, any fallacy designed to deceive.

Sophist (n.) One of a class of men who taught eloquence, philosophy, and politics in ancient Greece; especially, one of those who, by their fallacious but plausible reasoning, puzzled inquirers after truth, weakened the faith of the people, and drew upon themselves general hatred and contempt.

Sophist (n.) Hence, an impostor in argument; a captious or fallacious reasoner.

Sophister (n.) A sophist. See Sophist.

Sophister (n.) A student who is advanced beyond the first year of his residence.

Sophistication (n.) The act of sophisticating; adulteration; as, the sophistication of drugs.

Sophisticator (n.) One who sophisticates.

Sophistry (n.) The art or process of reasoning; logic.

Sophistry (n.) The practice of a sophist; fallacious reasoning; reasoning sound in appearance only.

Sophomore (n.) One belonging to the second of the four classes in an American college, or one next above a freshman.

Sophora (n.) A genus of leguminous plants.

Sophora (n.) A tree (Sophora Japonica) of Eastern Asia, resembling the common locust; occasionally planted in the United States.

Sophta (n.) See Softa.

Sopition (n.) The act of putting to sleep, or the state of being put to sleep; sleep.

Sopor (n.) Profound sleep from which a person can be roused only with difficulty.

Soporific (n.) A medicine, drug, plant, or other agent that has the quality of inducing sleep; a narcotic.

Sopper (n.) One who sops.

Sopranist (n.) A treble singer.

Soprano (n.) The treble; the highest vocal register; the highest kind of female or boy's voice; the upper part in harmony for mixed voices.

Soprano (n.) A singer, commonly a woman, with a treble voice.

Sopsavine (n.) See Sops of wine, under Sop.

Sora (n.) A North American rail (Porzana Carolina) common in the Eastern United States. Its back is golden brown, varied with black and white, the front of the head and throat black, the breast and sides of the head and neck slate-colored. Called also American rail, Carolina rail, Carolina crake, common rail, sora rail, soree, meadow chicken, and orto.

Sorance (n.) Soreness.

Sorb (n.) The wild service tree (Pyrus torminalis) of Europe; also, the rowan tree.

Sorb (n.) The fruit of these trees.

Sorbate (n.) A salt of sorbic acid.

Sorbefacient (n.) A medicine or substance which produces absorption.

Sorbent (n.) An absorbent.

Sorbet (n.) A kind of beverage; sherbet.

Sorbin (n.) An unfermentable sugar, isomeric with glucose, found in the ripe berries of the rowan tree, or sorb, and extracted as a sweet white crystal

Sorbite (n.) A sugarlike substance, isomeric with mannite and dulcite, found with sorbin in the ripe berries of the sorb, and extracted as a sirup or a white crystal

Sorbition (n.) The act of drinking or sipping.

Sorbonist (n.) A doctor of the Sorbonne, or theological college, in the University of Paris, founded by Robert de Sorbon, a. d. 1252. It was suppressed in the Revolution of 1789.

Sorcerer (n.) A conjurer; an enchanter; a magician.

Sorceress (n.) A female sorcerer.

Sorcering (n.) Act or practice of using sorcery.

Sorcery (n.) Divination by the assistance, or supposed assistance, of evil spirits, or the power of commanding evil spirits; magic; necromancy; witchcraft; enchantment.

Sord (n.) See Sward.

Sordes (n.) Foul matter; excretion; dregs; filthy, useless, or rejected matter of any kind; specifically (Med.), the foul matter that collects on the teeth and tongue in low fevers and other conditions attended with great vital depression.

Sordet (n.) A sordine.

Sordidly (n.) Sordidness.

Sordidness (n.) The quality or state of being sordid.

Sordine (n.) See Damper, and 5th Mute.

Sore (n.) Reddish brown; sorrel.

Sore (n.) A young hawk or falcon in the first year.

Sore (n.) A young buck in the fourth year. See the Note under Buck.

Soredia (n.) pl. of Soredium.

Soredium (n.) A patch of granular bodies on the surface of the thallus of lichens.

Soree (n.) Same as Sora.

Sorehead (n.) One who is disgruntled by a failure in politics, or the like.

Sorehon (n.) Formerly, in Ireland, a kind of servile tenure which subjected the tenant to maintain his chieftain gratuitously whenever he wished to indulge in a revel.

Sorel (n.) A young buck in the third year. See the Note under Buck.

Sorel (n.) A yellowish or reddish brown color; sorrel.

Sorema (n.) A heap of carpels belonging to one flower.

Soreness (n.) The quality or state of being sore; tenderness; painfull; as, the soreness of a wound; the soreness of an affliction.

Sorex (n.) A genus of small Insectivora, including the common shrews.

Sorgne (n.) The three-beared rocking, or whistlefish.

Sorghum (n.) A genus of grasses, properly limited to two species, Sorghum Halepense, the Arabian millet, or Johnson grass (see Johnson grass), and S. vulgare, the Indian millet (see Indian millet, under Indian).

Sorghum (n.) A variety of Sorghum vulgare, grown for its saccharine juice; the Chinese sugar cane.

Sorgo (n.) Indian millet and its varieties. See Sorghum.

Sori (n.) pl. of Sorus.

Sorites (n.) An abridged form of stating of syllogisms in a series of propositions so arranged that the predicate of each one that precedes forms the subject of each one that follows, and the conclusion unites the subject of the first proposition with the predicate of the last proposition

Sorner (n.) One who obtrudes himself on another for bed and board.

Sororicide (n.) The murder of one's sister; also, one who murders or kills one's own sister.

Sorosis (n.) A woman's club; an association of women.

Sorosis (n.) A fleshy fruit formed by the consolidation of many flowers with their receptacles, ovaries, etc., as the breadfruit, mulberry, and pineapple.

Sorrage (n.) The blades of green or barley.

Sorrance (n.) Same as Sorance.

Sorrel (n.) A yellowish or redish brown color.

Sorrel (n.) One of various plants having a sour juice; especially, a plant of the genus Rumex, as Rumex Acetosa, Rumex Acetosella, etc.

Sorriness (n.) The quality or state of being sorry.

Sorrow (n.) The uneasiness or pain of mind which is produced by the loss of any good, real or supposed, or by diseappointment in the expectation of good; grief at having suffered or occasioned evil; regret; unhappiness; sadness.

Sorrow (n.) To feel pain of mind in consequence of evil experienced, feared, or done; to grieve; to be sad; to be sorry.

Sors (n.) A lot; also, a kind of divination by means of lots.

Sort (n.) Chance; lot; destiny.

Sort (n.) A kind or species; any number or collection of individual persons or things characterized by the same or like qualities; a class or order; as, a sort of men; a sort of horses; a sort of trees; a sort of poems.

Sort (n.) Manner; form of being or acting.

Sort (n.) Condition above the vulgar; rank.

Sort (n.) A chance group; a company of persons who happen to be together; a troop; also, an assemblage of animals.

Sort (n.) A pair; a set; a suit.

Sort (n.) Letters, figures, points, marks, spaces, or quadrats, belonging to a case, separately considered.

Sorter (n.) One who, or that which, sorts.

Sortes (n.) pl. of Sors.

Sortie (n.) The sudden issuing of a body of troops, usually small, from a besieged place to attack or harass the besiegers; a sally.

Sortilege (n.) The act or practice of drawing lots; divination by drawing lots.

Sortilegy (n.) Sortilege.

Sortition (n.) Selection or appointment by lot.

Sortment (n.) Assortiment.

Sorus (n.) One of the fruit dots, or small clusters of sporangia, on the back of the fronds of ferns.

Sory (n.) Green vitriol, or some earth imregnated with it.

Soss (n.) A lazy fellow.

Soss (n.) A heavy fall.

Soss (n.) Anything dirty or muddy; a dirty puddle.

Sot (n.) A stupid person; a blockhead; a dull fellow; a dolt.

Sot (n.) A person stupefied by excessive drinking; an habitual drunkard.

Sotadic (n.) A Sotadic verse or poem.

Soteriology (n.) A discourse on health, or the science of promoting and preserving health.

Soteriology (n.) The doctrine of salvation by Jesus Christ.

Sotilte (n.) Subtlety.

Sottery (n.) Folly.

Sou (n.) An old French copper coin, equivalent in value to, and now displaced by, the five-centime piece (/ of a franc), which is popularly called a sou.

Soubah (n.) See Subah.

Soubahdar (n.) See Subahdar.

Soubrette (n.) A female servant or attendant; specifically, as a term of the theater, a lady's maid, in comedies, who acts the part of an intrigante; a meddlesome, mischievous female servant or young woman.

Soubriquet (n.) See Sobriquet.

Souce (n.) See 1st Souse.

Souchong (n.) A kind of black tea of a fine quality.

Soudan (n.) A sultan.

Souffle (n.) A murmuring or blowing sound; as, the uterine souffle heard over the pregnant uterus.

Souffle (n.) A side dish served hot from the oven at dinner, made of eggs, milk, and flour or other farinaceous substance, beaten till very light, and flavored with fruits, liquors, or essence.

Sough (n.) A sow.

Sough (n.) A small drain; an adit.

Soul (n.) The spiritual, rational, and immortal part in man; that part of man which enables him to think, and which renders him a subject of moral government; -- sometimes, in distinction from the higher nature, or spirit, of man, the so-called animal soul, that is, the seat of life, the sensitive affections and phantasy, exclusive of the voluntary and rational powers; -- sometimes, in distinction from the mind, the moral and emotional part of man's nature, the seat of feeling, in distincti>

Soul (n.) The seat of real life or vitality; the source of action; the animating or essential part.

Soul (n.) The leader; the inspirer; the moving spirit; the heart; as, the soul of an enterprise; an able general is the soul of his army.

Soul (n.) Energy; courage; spirit; fervor; affection, or any other noble manifestation of the heart or moral nature; inherent power or goodness.

Soul (n.) A human being; a person; -- a familiar appellation, usually with a qualifying epithet; as, poor soul.

Soul (n.) A pure or disembodied spirit.

Soulili (n.) A long-tailed, crested Javan monkey (Semnopithecus mitratus). The head, the crest, and the upper surface of the tail, are black.

Sound (n.) The air bladder of a fish; as, cod sounds are an esteemed article of food.

Sound (n.) A cuttlefish.

Sound (n.) A narrow passage of water, or a strait between the mainland and an island; also, a strait connecting two seas, or connecting a sea or lake with the ocean; as, the Sound between the Baltic and the german Ocean; Long Island Sound.

Sound (n.) Any elongated instrument or probe, usually metallic, by which cavities of the body are sounded or explored, especially the bladder for stone, or the urethra for a stricture.

Sound (n.) The peceived object occasioned by the impulse or vibration of a material substance affecting the ear; a sensation or perception of the mind received through the ear, and produced by the impulse or vibration of the air or other medium with which the ear is in contact; the effect of an impression made on the organs of hearing by an impulse or vibration of the air caused by a collision of bodies, or by other means; noise; report; as, the sound of a drum; the sound of the human voice>

Sound (n.) The occasion of sound; the impulse or vibration which would occasion sound to a percipient if present with unimpaired; hence, the theory of vibrations in elastic media such cause sound; as, a treatise on sound.

Sound (n.) Noise without signification; empty noise; noise and nothing else.

Soundage (n.) Dues for soundings.

Sound-board (n.) A sounding-board.

Sounder (n.) One who, or that which; sounds; specifically, an instrument used in telegraphy in place of a register, the communications being read by sound.

Sounder (n.) A herd of wild hogs.

Sounding (n.) The act of one who, or that which, sounds (in any of the senses of the several verbs).

Sounding (n.) measurement by sounding; also, the depth so ascertained.

Sounding (n.) Any place or part of the ocean, or other water, where a sounding

Sounding (n.) The sand, shells, or the like, that are brought up by the sounding lead when it has touched bottom.

Sounding-board (n.) A thin board which propagates the sound in a piano, in a violin, and in some other musical instruments.

Sounding-board (n.) A board or structure placed behind or over a pulpit or rostrum to give distinctness to a speaker's voice.

Sounding-board (n.) See Sound boarding, under Sound, a noise.

Soundness (n.) The quality or state of being sound; as, the soundness of timber, of fruit, of the teeth, etc.; the soundness of reasoning or argument; soundness of faith.

Soup (n.) A liquid food of many kinds, usually made by boiling meat and vegetables, or either of them, in water, -- commonly seasoned or flavored; strong broth.

Soupe-maigre (n.) Soup made chiefly from vegetables or fish with a little butter and a few condiments.

Souple (n.) That part of a flail which strikes the grain.

Sour (n.) A sour or acid substance; whatever produces a painful effect.

Source (n.) The act of rising; a rise; an ascent.

Source (n.) The rising from the ground, or beginning, of a stream of water or the like; a spring; a fountain.

Source (n.) That from which anything comes forth, regarded as its cause or origin; the person from whom anything originates; first cause.

Sourcrout (n.) See Sauerkraut.

Souring (n.) Any sour apple.

Sourkrout (n.) Same as Sauerkraut.

Sourness (n.) The quality or state of being sour.

Sours (n.) Source. See Source.

Soursop (n.) The large succulent and slightly acid fruit of a small tree (Anona muricata) of the West Indies; also, the tree itself. It is closely allied to the custard apple.

Sourwood (n.) The sorrel tree.

Sous (n.) Alt. of Souse

Souse (n.) A corrupt form of Sou.

Souse (n.) Pickle made with salt.

Souse (n.) Something kept or steeped in pickle; esp., the pickled ears, feet, etc., of swine.

Souse (n.) The ear; especially, a hog's ear.

Souse (n.) The act of sousing; a plunging into water.

Souse (n.) The act of sousing, or swooping.

Souslik (n.) See Suslik.

Sout (n.) Soot.

Soutache (n.) A kind of narrow braid, usually of silk; -- also known as Russian braid.

Soutage (n.) That in which anything is packed; bagging, as for hops.

Soutane (n.) A close garnment with straight sleeves, and skirts reaching to the ankles, and buttoned in front from top to bottom; especially, the black garment of this shape worn by the clergy in France and Italy as their daily dress; a cassock.

Souter (n.) A shoemaker; a cobbler.

Souterrain (n.) A grotto or cavern under ground.

South (n.) That one of the four cardinal points directly opposite to the north; the region or direction to the right or direction to the right of a person who faces the east.

South (n.) A country, region, or place situated farther to the south than another; the southern section of a country.

South (n.) Specifically: That part of the United States which is south of Mason and Dixon's

South (n.) The wind from the south.

Southcottian (n.) A follower of Joanna Southcott (1750-1814), an Englishwoman who, professing to have received a miraculous calling, preached and prophesied, and committed many impious absurdities.

Southdown (n.) A Southdown sheep.

Southeast (n.) The point of the compass equally distant from the south and the east; the southeast part or region.

Southeaster (n.) A storm, strong wind, or gale coming from the southeast.

Souther (n.) A strong wind, gale, or storm from the south.

Souther

Southern (n.) A Southerner.

Southerner (n.) An inhabitant or native of the south, esp. of the Southern States of North America; opposed to Northerner.

Southern

Southernwood (n.) A shrubby species of wormwood (Artemisia Abrotanum) having aromatic foliage. It is sometimes used in making beer.

Southing (n.) Tendency or progress southward; as, the southing of the sun.

Southing (n.) The time at which the moon, or other heavenly body, passes the meridian of a place.

Southing (n.) Distance of any heavenly body south of the equator; south declination; south latitude.

Southing (n.) Distance southward from any point departure or of reckoning, measured on a meridian; -- opposed to northing.

Southness (n.) A tendency in the end of a magnetic needle to point toward the south pole.

Southron (n.) An inhabitant of the more southern part of a country; formerly, a name given in Scotland to any Englishman.

Southsayer (n.) See Soothsayer.

Southward (n.) The southern regions or countries; the south.

Southwest (n.) The point of the compass equally from the south and the west; the southwest part or region.

Southwester (n.) A storm, gale, or strong wind from the southwest.

Southwester (n.) A hat made of painted canvas, oiled cloth, or the like, with a flap at the back, -- worn in stormy weather.

Souvenance (n.) Alt. of Sovenaunce

Sovenaunce (n.) Remembrance.

Souvenir (n.) That which serves as a reminder; a remembrancer; a memento; a keepsake.

Sovereign (n.) The person, body, or state in which independent and supreme authority is vested; especially, in a monarchy, a king, queen, or emperor.

Sovereign (n.) A gold coin of Great Britain, on which an effigy of the head of the reigning king or queen is stamped, valued at one pound sterling, or about $4.86.

Sovereign (n.) Any butterfly of the tribe Nymphalidi, or genus Basilarchia, as the ursula and the viceroy.

Sovereignty (n.) The quality or state of being sovereign, or of being a sovereign; the exercise of, or right to exercise, supreme power; dominion; sway; supremacy; independence; also, that which is sovereign; a sovereign state; as, Italy was formerly divided into many sovereignties.

Sow (n.) The female of swine, or of the hog kind.

Sow (n.) A sow bug.

Sow (n.) A channel or runner which receives the rows of molds in the pig bed.

Sow (n.) The bar of metal which remains in such a runner.

Sow (n.) A mass of solidified metal in a furnace hearth; a salamander.

Sow (n.) A kind of covered shed, formerly used by besiegers in filling up and passing the ditch of a besieged place, sapping and mining the wall, or the like.

Sowar (n.) In India, a mounted soldier.

Sowbane (n.) The red goosefoot (Chenopodium rubrum), -- said to be fatal to swine.

Sowdan (n.) Sultan.

Sowdanesse (n.) A sultaness.

Sower (n.) One who, or that which, sows.

Sowter (n.) See Souter.

Soy (n.) A Chinese and Japanese liquid sauce for fish, etc., made by subjecting boiled beans (esp. soja beans), or beans and meal, to long fermentation and then long digestion in salt and water.

Soy (n.) The soja, a kind of bean. See Soja.

Soyle (n.) Prey.

Sozzle (n.) One who spills water or other liquids carelessly; specifically, a sluttish woman.

Sozzle (n.) A mass, or heap, confusedly mingled.

Spa (n.) A spring or mineral water; -- so called from a place of this name in Belgium.

Spaad (n.) A kind of spar; earth flax, or amianthus.

Space (n.) Extension, considered independently of anything which it may contain; that which makes extended objects conceivable and possible.

Space (n.) Place, having more or less extension; room.

Space (n.) A quantity or portion of extension; distance from one thing to another; an interval between any two or more objects; as, the space between two stars or two hills; the sound was heard for the space of a mile.

Space (n.) Quantity of time; an interval between two points of time; duration; time.

Space (n.) A short time; a while.

Space (n.) Walk; track; path; course.

Space (n.) A small piece of metal cast lower than a face type, so as not to receive the ink in printing, -- used to separate words or letters.

Space (n.) The distance or interval between words or letters in the

Space (n.) One of the intervals, or open places, between the

Space (n.) To walk; to rove; to roam.

Space (n.) To arrange or adjust the spaces in or between; as, to space words,

Spacious (n.) Extending far and wide; vast in extent.

Spacious (n.) Inclosing an extended space; having large or ample room; not contracted or narrow; capacious; roomy; as, spacious bounds; a spacious church; a spacious hall.

Spadassin (n.) A bravo; a bully; a duelist.

Spaddle (n.) A little spade.

Spade (n.) A hart or stag three years old.

Spade (n.) A castrated man or beast.

Spade (n.) An implement for digging or cutting the ground, consisting usually of an oblong and nearly rectangular blade of iron, with a handle like that of a shovel.

Spade (n.) One of that suit of cards each of which bears one or more figures resembling a spade.

Spade (n.) A cutting instrument used in flensing a whale.

Spadebone (n.) Shoulder blade.

Spadefish (n.) An American market fish (Chaetodipterus faber) common on the southern coasts; -- called also angel fish, moonfish, and porgy.

Spadefoot (n.) Any species of burrowing toads of the genus Scaphiopus, esp. S. Holbrookii, of the Eastern United States; -- called also spade toad.

Spadeful (n.) As much as a spade will hold or lift.

Spader (n.) One who, or that which, spades; specifically, a digging machine.

Spadille (n.) The ace of spades in omber and quadrille.

Spadix (n.) A fleshy spike of flowers, usually inclosed in a leaf called a spathe.

Spadix (n.) A special organ of the nautilus, due to a modification of the posterior tentacles.

Spado (n.) Same as Spade, 2.

Spado (n.) An impotent person.

Spadroon (n.) A sword, especially a broadsword, formerly used both to cut and thrust.

Spaeman (n.) A prophet; a diviner.

Spaewife (n.) A female fortune teller.

Spaghetti (n.) A variety or macaroni made in tubes of small diameter.

Spagyric (n.) A spagyrist.

Spagyrist (n.) A chemist, esp. one devoted to alchemistic pursuits.

Spagyrist (n.) One of a sect which arose in the days of alchemy, who sought to discover remedies for disease by chemical means. The spagyrists historically preceded the iatrochemists.

Spahi (n.) Alt. of Spahee

Spahee (n.) Formerly, one of the Turkish cavalry.

Spahee (n.) An Algerian cavalryman in the French army.

Spaid (n.) See 1st Spade.

Spakenet (n.) A net for catching crabs.

Spale (n.) A lath; a shaving or chip, as of wood or stone.

Spale (n.) A strengthening cross timber.

Spall (n.) The shoulder.

Spall (n.) A chip or fragment, especially a chip of stone as struck off the block by the hammer, having at least one feather-edge.

Spalpeen (n.) A scamp; an Irish term for a good-for-nothing fellow; -- often used in good-humored contempt or ridicule.

Spalt (n.) Spelter.

Spanaemia (n.) A condition of impoverishment of the blood; a morbid state in which the red corpuscles, or other important elements of the blood, are deficient.

Spancel (n.) A rope used for tying or hobbling the legs of a horse or cow.

Spandrel (n.) The irregular triangular space between the curve of an arch and the inclosing right angle; or the space between the outer moldings of two contiguous arches and a horizontal

Spandrel (n.) A narrow mat or passe partout for a picture.

Spang (n.) A bound or spring.

Spang (n.) A spangle or shining ornament.

Spangle (n.) A small plate or boss of shining metal; something brilliant used as an ornament, especially when stitched on the dress.

Spangle (n.) Figuratively, any little thing that sparkless.

Spangler (n.) One who, or that which, spangles.

Spaniard (n.) A native or inhabitant of Spain.

Spaniel (n.) One of a breed of small dogs having long and thick hair and large drooping ears. The legs are usually strongly feathered, and the tail bushy. See Illust. under Clumber, and Cocker.

Spaniel (n.) A cringing, fawning person.

Spanish (n.) The language of Spain.

Spank (n.) A blow with the open hand; a slap.

Spanker (n.) One who spanks, or anything used as an instrument for spanking.

Spanker (n.) The after sail of a ship or bark, being a fore-and-aft sail attached to a boom and gaff; -- sometimes called driver. See Illust. under Sail.

Spanker (n.) One who takes long, quick strides in walking; also, a fast horse.

Spanker (n.) Something very large, or larger than common; a whopper, as a stout or tall person.

Spanker (n.) A small coin.

Spanner (n.) One who, or that which, spans.

Spanner (n.) The lock of a fusee or carbine; also, the fusee or carbine itself.

Spanner (n.) An iron instrument having a jaw to fit a nut or the head of a bolt, and used as a lever to turn it with; a wrench; specifically, a wrench for unscrewing or tightening the couplings of hose.

Spanner (n.) A contrivance in some of the ealier steam engines for moving the valves for the alternate admission and shutting off of the steam.

Spannishing (n.) The full blooming of a flower.

Spanpiece (n.) The collar of a roof; sparpiece.

Spanworm (n.) The larva of any geometrid moth, as the cankeworm; a geometer; a measuring worm.

Spar (n.) An old name for a nonmetallic mineral, usually cleavable and somewhat lustrous; as, calc spar, or calcite, fluor spar, etc. It was especially used in the case of the gangue minerals of a metalliferous vein.

Spar (n.) A contest at sparring or boxing.

Spar (n.) A movement of offense or defense in boxing.

Sparable (n.) A kind of small nail used by shoemakers.

Sparada (n.) A small California surf fish (Micrometrus aggregatus); -- called also shiner.

Sparadrap (n.) A cerecloth.

Sparadrap (n.) Any adhesive plaster.

Sparage (n.) Alt. of Sparagrass

Sparagus (n.) Alt. of Sparagrass

Sparagrass (n.) Obs. or corrupt forms of Asparagus.

Spare (n.) The act of sparing; moderation; restraint.

Spare (n.) Parsimony; frugal use.

Spare (n.) An opening in a petticoat or gown; a placket.

Spare (n.) That which has not been used or expended.

Spare (n.) The right of bowling again at a full set of pins, after having knocked all the pins down in less than three bowls. If all the pins are knocked down in one bowl it is a double spare; in two bowls, a single spare.

Spareness (n.) The quality or state of being lean or thin; leanness.

Sparer (n.) One who spares.

Sparerib (n.) A piece of pork, consisting or ribs with little flesh on them.

Spargefaction (n.) The act of sprinkling.

Sparger (n.) A vessel with a perforated cover, for sprinkling with a liquid; a sprinkler.

Sparhawk (n.) The sparrow hawk.

Spark (n.) A small particle of fire or ignited substance which is emitted by a body in combustion.

Spark (n.) A small, shining body, or transient light; a sparkle.

Spark (n.) That which, like a spark, may be kindled into a flame, or into action; a feeble germ; an elementary principle.

Spark (n.) A brisk, showy, gay man.

Spark (n.) A lover; a gallant; a beau.

Sparker (n.) A spark arrester.

Sparkle (n.) A little spark; a scintillation.

Sparkle (n.) Brilliancy; luster; as, the sparkle of a diamond.

Sparkle (n.) To emit sparks; to throw off ignited or incandescent particles; to shine as if throwing off sparks; to emit flashes of light; to scintillate; to twinkle; as, the blazing wood sparkles; the stars sparkle.

Sparkle (n.) To manifest itself by, or as if by, emitting sparks; to glisten; to flash.

Sparkle (n.) To emit little bubbles, as certain kinds of liquors; to effervesce; as, sparkling wine.

Sparkler (n.) One who scatters; esp., one who scatters money; an improvident person.

Sparkler (n.) One who, or that which, sparkles.

Sparkler (n.) A tiger beetle.

Sparklet (n.) A small spark.

Spark

Sparling (n.) The European smelt (Osmerus eperlanus).

Sparling (n.) A young salmon.

Sparling (n.) A tern.

Sparlyre (n.) The calf of the leg.

Sparoid (n.) One of the Sparidae.

Sparpiece (n.) The collar beam of a roof; the spanpiece.

Sparrow (n.) One of many species of small singing birds of the family Fringilligae, having conical bills, and feeding chiefly on seeds. Many sparrows are called also finches, and buntings. The common sparrow, or house sparrow, of Europe (Passer domesticus) is noted for its familiarity, its voracity, its attachment to its young, and its fecundity. See House sparrow, under House.

Sparrow (n.) Any one of several small singing birds somewhat resembling the true sparrows in form or habits, as the European hedge sparrow. See under Hedge.

Sparrowgrass (n.) Asparagus.

Sparrowwort (n.) An evergreen shrub of the genus Erica (E. passerina).

Sparseness (n.) The quality or state of being sparse; as, sparseness of population.

Spartan (n.) A native or inhabitant of Sparta; figuratively, a person of great courage and fortitude.

Sparteine (n.) A narcotic alkaloid extracted from the tops of the common broom (Cytisus scoparius, formerly Spartium scoparium), as a colorless oily liquid of ani

parterie (n.) Articles made of the blades or fiber of the Lygeum Spartum and Stipa (/ Macrochloa) tenacissima, kinds of grass used in Spain and other countries for making ropes, mats, baskets, nets, and mattresses.

Sparth (n.) An Anglo-Saxon battle-ax, or halberd.

Sparve (n.) The hedge sparrow.

Spasmodic (n.) A medicine for spasm.

Spasticity (n.) A state of spasm.

Spasticity (n.) The tendency to, or capability of suffering, spasm.

Spat (n.) A young oyster or other bivalve mollusk, both before and after it first becomes adherent, or such young, collectively.

Spat (n.) A light blow with something flat.

Spat (n.) Hence, a petty combat, esp. a verbal one; a little quarrel, dispute, or dissension.

Spatangoid (n.) One of the Spatangoidea.

Spatangus (n.) A genus of heart-shaped sea urchins belonging to the Spatangoidea.

Spatchcock (n.) See Spitchcock.

Spate (n.) A river flood; an overflow or inundation.

Spatha (n.) A spathe.

Spathe (n.) A special involucre formed of one leaf and inclosing a spadix, as in aroid plants and palms. See the Note under Bract, and Illust. of Spadix.

Spatter-dock (n.) The common yellow water lily (Nuphar advena).

Spattle (n.) Spawl; spittle.

Spattle (n.) A spatula.

Spattle (n.) A tool or implement for mottling a molded article with coloring matter

Spattling-poppy (n.) A kind of catchfly (Silene inflata) which is sometimes frothy from the action of captured insects.

Spatula (n.) An implement shaped like a knife, flat, thin, and somewhat flexible, used for spreading paints, fine plasters, drugs in compounding prescriptions, etc. Cf. Palette knife, under Palette.

Spauld (n.) The shoulder.

Spavin (n.) A disease of horses characterized by a bony swelling developed on the hock as the result of inflammation of the bones; also, the swelling itself. The resulting lameness is due to the inflammation, and not the bony tumor as popularly supposed.

Spaw (n.) See Spa.

Spawl (n.) A splinter or fragment, as of wood or stone. See Spall.

Spawl (n.) Scattered or ejected spittle.

Spawling (n.) That which is spawled, or spit out.

Spawner (n.) A mature female fish.

Spawner (n.) Whatever produces spawn of any kind.

Spayad (n.) Alt. of Spayade

Spayade (n.) A spay.

Speaker (n.) One who speaks.

Speaker (n.) One who utters or pronounces a discourse; usually, one who utters a speech in public; as, the man is a good speaker, or a bad speaker.

Speaker (n.) One who is the mouthpiece of others; especially, one who presides over, or speaks for, a delibrative assembly, preserving order and regulating the debates; as, the Speaker of the House of Commons, originally, the mouthpiece of the House to address the king; the Speaker of a House of Representatives.

Speaker (n.) A book of selections for declamation.

Speakership (n.) The office of speaker; as, the speakership of the House of Representatives.

Speking (n.) The act of uttering words.

Speking (n.) Public declamation; oratory.

Spear (n.) A long, pointed weapon, used in war and hunting, by thrusting or throwing; a weapon with a long shaft and a sharp head or blade; a lance.

Spear (n.) Fig.: A spearman.

Spear (n.) A sharp-pointed instrument with barbs, used for stabbing fish and other animals.

Spear (n.) A shoot, as of grass; a spire.

Spear (n.) The feather of a horse. See Feather, n., 4.

Spear (n.) The rod to which the bucket, or plunger, of a pump is attached; a pump rod.

Spearer (n.) One who uses a spear; as, a spearer of fish.

Spearfish (n.) A large and powerful fish (Tetrapturus albidus) related to the swordfish, but having scales and ventral fins. It is found on the American coast and the Mediterranean.

Spearfish (n.) The carp sucker.

Spearhead (n.) The pointed head, or end, of a spear.

Spearman (n.) One who is armed with a spear.

Spearmint (n.) A species of mint (Mentha viridis) growing in moist soil. It vields an aromatic oil. See Mint, and Mentha.

Spearwood (n.) An Australian tree (Acacia Doratoxylon), and its tough wood, used by the natives for spears.

Spearwort (n.) A name given to several species of crowfoot (Ranunculus) which have spear-shaped leaves.

Spece (n.) Species; kind.

Specht (n.) A woodpecker.

Special (n.) A particular.

Special (n.) One appointed for a special service or occasion.

Specialism (n.) Devotion to a particular and restricted part or branch of knowledge, art, or science; as, medical specialism.

Specialist (n.) One who devotes himself to some specialty; as, a medical specialist, one who devotes himself to diseases of particular parts of the body, as the eye, the ear, the nerves, etc.

Speciality (n.) A particular or peculiar case; a particularity.

Speciality (n.) See Specialty, 3.

Speciality (n.) The special or peculiar mark or characteristic of a person or thing; that for which a person is specially distinguished; an object of special attention; a special occupation or object of attention; a specialty.

Speciality (n.) An attribute or quality peculiar to a species.

Specialization (n.) The act of specializing, or the state of being spezialized.

Specialization (n.) The setting apart of a particular organ for the performance of a particular function.

Specialty (n.) Particularity.

Specialty (n.) A particular or peculiar case.

Specialty (n.) A contract or obligation under seal; a contract by deed; a writing, under seal, given as security for a debt particularly specified.

Specialty (n.) That for which a person is distinguished, in which he is specially versed, or which he makes an object of special attention; a speciality.

Specie (n.) Coin; hard money.

Species (n.) Visible or sensible presentation; appearance; a sensible percept received by the imagination; an image.

Species (n.) A group of individuals agreeing in common attributes, and designated by a common name; a conception subordinated to another conception, called a genus, or generic conception, from which it differs in containing or comprehending more attributes, and extending to fewer individuals. Thus, man is a species, under animal as a genus; and man, in its turn, may be regarded as a genus with respect to European, American, or the like, as species.

Species (n.) In science, a more or less permanent group of existing things or beings, associated according to attributes, or properties determined by scientific observation.

Species (n.) A sort; a kind; a variety; as, a species of low cunning; a species of generosity; a species of cloth.

Species (n.) Coin, or coined silver, gold, ot other metal, used as a circulating medium; specie.

Species (n.) A public spectacle or exhibition.

Species (n.) A component part of compound medicine; a simple.

Species (n.) An officinal mixture or compound powder of any kind; esp., one used for making an aromatic tea or tisane; a tea mixture.

Species (n.) The form or shape given to materials; fashion or shape; form; figure.

Specific (n.) A specific remedy. See Specific, a., 3.

Specificalness (n.) The quality of being specific.

Specification (n.) The act of specifying or determining by a mark or limit; notation of limits.

Specification (n.) The designation of particulars; particular mention; as, the specification of a charge against an officer.

Specification (n.) A written statement containing a minute description or enumeration of particulars, as of charges against a public officer, the terms of a contract, the description of an invention, as in a patent; also, a single article, item, or particular, an allegation of a specific act, as in a charge of official misconduct.

Soecificness (n.) The quality or state of being specific.

Specollum (n.) See Stylet, 2.

Specimen (n.) A part, or small portion, of anything, or one of a number of things, intended to exhibit the kind and quality of the whole, or of what is not exhibited; a sample; as, a specimen of a man's handwriting; a specimen of painting; aspecimen of one's art.

Speciosity (n.) The quality or state of being specious; speciousness.

Speciosity (n.) That which is specious.

Speck (n.) The blubber of whales or other marine mammals; also, the fat of the hippopotamus.

Speck (n.) A small discolored place in or on anything, or a small place of a color different from that of the main substance; a spot; a stain; a blemish; as, a speck on paper or loth; specks of decay in fruit.

Speck (n.) A very small thing; a particle; a mite; as, specks of dust; he has not a speck of money.

Speck (n.) A small etheostomoid fish (Ulocentra stigmaea) common in the Eastern United States.

Speckle (n.) A little or spot in or anything, of a different substance or color from that of the thing itself.

Speckled-belly (n.) The gadwall.

Speckled-bill (n.) The American white-fronted goose (Anser albifrons).

Speckledness (n.) The quality of being speckled.

Specksioneer (n.) The chief harpooner, who also directs in cutting up the speck, or blubber; -- so called among whalers.

Speckt (n.) A woodpecker. See Speight.

Spectacle (n.) Something exhibited to view; usually, something presented to view as extraordinary, or as unusual and worthy of special notice; a remarkable or noteworthy sight; a show; a pageant; a gazingstock.

Spectacle (n.) A spy-glass; a looking-glass.

Spectacle (n.) An optical instrument consisting of two lenses set in a light frame, and worn to assist sight, to obviate some defect in the organs of vision, or to shield the eyes from bright light.

Spectacle (n.) Fig.: An aid to the intellectual sight.

Spectation (n.) Regard; aspect; appearance.

Spectator (n.) One who on; one who sees or beholds; a beholder; one who is personally present at, and sees, any exhibition; as, the spectators at a show.

Spectatorship (n.) The office or quality of a spectator.

Spectatorship (n.) The act of beholding.

Spectatress (n.) Alt. of Spectatrix

Spectatrix (n.) A female beholder or looker-on.

Specter (n.) Alt. of Spectre

Spectre (n.) Something preternaturally visible; an apparition; a ghost; a phantom.

Spectre (n.) The tarsius.

Spectre (n.) A stick insect.

Spectioneer (n.) Same as Specsioneer.

Spectre (n.) See Specter.

Spectrology (n.) The science of spectrum analysis in any or all of its relations and applications.

Spectrometer (n.) A spectroscope fitted for measurements of the luminious spectra observed with it.

Spectrophotometer (n.) An instrument for measuring or comparing the intensites of the colors of the spectrum.

Spectroscope (n.) An optical instrument for forming and examining spectra (as that of solar light, or those produced by flames in which different substances are volatilized), so as to determine, from the position of the spectral

Spectroscopist (n.) One who investigates by means of a spectroscope; one skilled in the use of the spectroscope.

Spectroscopy (n.) The use of the spectroscope; investigations made with the spectroscope.

Spectrum (n.) An apparition; a specter.

Spectrum (n.) The several colored and other rays of which light is composed, separated by the refraction of a prism or other means, and observed or studied either as spread out on a screen, by direct vision, by photography, or otherwise. See Illust. of Light, and Spectroscope.

Spectrum (n.) A luminous appearance, or an image seen after the eye has been exposed to an intense light or a strongly illuminated object. When the object is colored, the image appears of the complementary color, as a green image seen after viewing a red wafer lying on white paper. Called also ocular spectrum.

Speculation (n.) The act of speculating.

Speculation (n.) Examination by the eye; view.

Speculation (n.) Mental view of anything in its various aspects and relations; contemplation; intellectual examination.

Speculation (n.) The act or process of reasoning a priori from premises given or assumed.

Speculation (n.) The act or practice of buying land, goods, shares, etc., in expectation of selling at a higher price, or of selling with the expectation of repurchasing at a lower price; a trading on anticipated fluctuations in price, as distinguished from trading in which the profit expected is the difference between the retail and wholesale prices, or the difference of price in different markets.

Speculation (n.) Any business venture in involving unusual risks, with a chance for large profits.

Speculation (n.) A conclusion to which the mind comes by speculating; mere theory; view; notion; conjecture.

Speculation (n.) Power of sight.

Speculation (n.) A game at cards in which the players buy from one another trumps or whole hands, upon a chance of getting the highest trump dealt, which entitles the holder to the pool of stakes.

Speculatist (n.) One who speculates, or forms theories; a speculator; a theorist.

Speculator (n.) One who speculates. Specifically: (a) An observer; a contemplator; hence, a spy; a watcher.

Speculator (n.) One who forms theories; a theorist.

Speculator (n.) One who engages in speculation; one who buys and sells goods, land, etc., with the expectation of deriving profit from fluctuations in price.

Speculist (n.) One who observes or considers; an observer.

Speculum (n.) A mirror, or looking-glass; especially, a metal mirror, as in Greek and Roman archaeology.

Speculum (n.) A reflector of polished metal, especially one used in reflecting telescopes. See Speculum metal, below.

Speculum (n.) An instrument for dilating certain passages of the body, and throwing light within them, thus facilitating examination or surgical operations.

Speculum (n.) A bright and lustrous patch of color found on the wings of ducks and some other birds. It is usually situated on the distal portions of the secondary quills, and is much more brilliant in the adult male than in the female.

Speece (n.) Species; sort.

Speech (n.) The faculty of uttering articulate sounds or words; the faculty of expressing thoughts by words or articulate sounds; the power of speaking.

Speech (n.) he act of speaking; that which is spoken; words, as expressing ideas; language; conversation.

Speech (n.) A particular language, as distinct from others; a tongue; a dialect.

Speech (n.) Talk; mention; common saying.

Speech (n.) formal discourse in public; oration; harangue.

Speech (n.) ny declaration of thoughts.

Speechification (n.) The act of speechifying.

Speechifier (n.) One who makes a speech or speeches; an orator; a declaimer.

Speechifying (n.) The act of making a speech or speeches.

Speeching (n.) The act of making a speech.

Speechmaker (n.) One who makes speeches; one accustomed to speak in a public assembly.

Speed (n.) Prosperity in an undertaking; favorable issue; success.

Speed (n.) The act or state of moving swiftly; swiftness; velocity; rapidly; rate of motion; dispatch; as, the speed a horse or a vessel.

Speed (n.) One who, or that which, causes or promotes speed or success.

Speed (n.) To go; to fare.

Speed (n.) To experience in going; to have any condition, good or ill; to fare.

Speed (n.) To fare well; to have success; to prosper.

Speed (n.) To make haste; to move with celerity.

Speed (n.) To be expedient.

Speeder (n.) One who, or that which, speeds.

Speeder (n.) A machine for drawing and twisting slivers to form rovings.

Speediness (n.) The quality or state of being speedy.

Speedwell (n.) Any plant of the genus Veronica, mostly low herbs with pale blue corollas, which quickly fall off.

Speer (n.) A sphere.

Speight (n.) A woodpecker; -- called also specht, spekt, spight.

Speiskobalt (n.) Smaltite.

Speiss (n.) A regulus consisting essentially of nickel, obtained as a residue in fusing cobalt and nickel ores with silica and sodium carbonate to make smalt.

Spekboom (n.) The purslane tree of South Africa, -- said to be the favorite food of elephants.

Spekehouse (n.) The parlor or reception room of a convent.

Spelding (n.) A haddock or other small fish split open and dried in the sun; -- called also speldron.

Spelk (n.) A small stick or rod used as a spike in thatching; a splinter.

Spell (n.) A spelk, or splinter.

Spell (n.) The relief of one person by another in any piece of work or watching; also, a turn at work which is carried on by one person or gang relieving another; as, a spell at the pumps; a spell at the masthead.

Spell (n.) The time during which one person or gang works until relieved; hence, any relatively short period of time, whether a few hours, days, or weeks.

Spell (n.) One of two or more persons or gangs who work by spells.

Spell (n.) A gratuitous helping forward of another's work; as, a logging spell.

Spell (n.) A story; a tale.

Spell (n.) A stanza, verse, or phrase supposed to be endowed with magical power; an incantation; hence, any charm.

Speller (n.) One who spells.

Speller (n.) A spelling book.

Spelling (n.) The act of one who spells; formation of words by letters; orthography.

Spellken (n.) A theater.

Spellwork (n.) Power or effect of magic; that which is wrought by magic; enchantment.

Spelt (n.) A species of grain (Triticum Spelta) much cultivated for food in Germany and Switzerland; -- called also German wheat.

Spelt (n.) Spelter.

Spelter (n.) Zinc; -- especially so called in commerce and arts.

Spelunc (n.) A cavern; a cave.

Spence (n.) A place where provisions are kept; a buttery; a larder; a pantry.

Spence (n.) The inner apartment of a country house; also, the place where the family sit and eat.

Spencer (n.) One who has the care of the spence, or buttery.

Spencer (n.) A short jacket worn by men and by women.

Spencer (n.) A fore-and-aft sail, abaft the foremast or the mainmast, hoisted upon a small supplementary mast and set with a gaff and no boom; a trysail carried at the foremast or mainmast; -- named after its inventor, Knight Spencer, of England [1802].

Spender (n.) One who spends; esp., one who spends lavishly; a prodigal; a spendthrift.

Spending (n.) The act of expending; expenditure.

Spendthrift (n.) One who spends money profusely or improvidently; a prodigal; one who lavishes or wastes his estate. Also used figuratively.

Sperable (n.) See Sperable.

Sperage (n.) Asperagus.

Spere (n.) A sphere.

Sperge (n.) A charge of wash for the still.

Sperling (n.) A smelt; a sparling.

Sperling (n.) A young herring.

Sperm (n.) The male fecundating fluid; semen. See Semen.

Sperm (n.) Spermaceti.

Spermaceti (n.) A white waxy substance obtained from cavities in the head of the sperm whale, and used making candles, oilments, cosmetics, etc. It consists essentially of ethereal salts of palmitic acid with ethal and other hydrocarbon bases. The substance of spermaceti after the removal of certain impurities is sometimes called cetin.

Spermalist (n.) See Spermist.

Spermaphore (n.) That part of the ovary from which the ovules arise; the placenta.

Spermary (n.) An organ in which spermatozoa are developed; a sperm gland; a testicle.

Spermatheca (n.) A small sac connected with the female reproductive organs of insects and many other invertebrates, serving to receive and retain the spermatozoa.

Spermatin (n.) A substance allied to alkali albumin and to mucin, present in semen, to which it is said to impart the mucilaginous character.

Spermatism (n.) The emission of sperm, or semen.

Spermatium (n.) One of the motionless spermatozoids in the conceptacles of certain fungi.

Spermatoblast (n.) Same as Spermoblast.

Spermatocyte (n.) Same as Spermoblast.

Spermatogemma (n.) Same as Spermosphere.

Spermatogenesis (n.) The development of the spermatozoids.

Spermatogonium (n.) A primitive seminal cell, occuring in masses in the seminal tubules. It divides into a mass (spermosphere) of small cells (spermoblast), which in turn give rise to spermatozoids.

Spermatoon (n.) A spermoblast.

Spermatophore (n.) Same as Spermospore.

Spermatophore (n.) A capsule or pocket inclosing a number of spermatozoa. They are present in many annelids, brachiopods, mollusks, and crustaceans. In cephalopods the structure of the capsule is very complex.

Spermatorrhea (n.) Alt. of Spermatorrhoea

Spermatorrhoea (n.) Abnormally frequent involuntary emission of the semen without copulation.

Spermatospore (n.) Same as Spermospore.

Spermatozoid (n.) The male germ cell in animals and plants, the essential element in fertilization; a microscopic animalcule-like particle, usually provided with one or more cilia by which it is capable of active motion. In animals, the familiar type is that of a small, more or less ovoid head, with a delicate threadlike cilium, or tail. Called also spermatozoon. In plants the more usual term is antherozoid.

Spermatozooid (n.) A spermatozoid.

Spermatozoon (n.) Same as Spermatozoid.

Spermidium (n.) An achenium.

Spermist (n.) A believer in the doctrine, formerly current, of encasement in the male (see Encasement), in which the seminal thread, or spermatozoid, was considered as the real animal germ, the head being the true animal head and the tail the body.

Spermoblast (n.) One of the cells formed by the division of the spermospore, each of which is destined to become a spermatozoid; a spermatocyte; a spermatoblast.

Spermococcus (n.) The nucleus of the sperm cell.

Spermoderm (n.) The covering of a seed; -- sometimes limited to the outer coat or testa.

Spermogonium (n.) A conceptacle of certain lichens, which contains spermatia.

Spermologist (n.) One who treats of, or collects, seeds.

Spermophile (n.) Any ground squirrel of the genus Spermophilus; a gopher. See Illust. under Gopher.

Spermophore (n.) A spermatophore.

Spermophyte (n.) Any plant which produces true seeds; -- a term recently proposed to replace ph/nogam.

Spermoplasma (n.) The protoplasm of the sperm cell.

Spermosphere (n.) A mass or ball of cells formed by the repeated division of a male germinal cell (spermospore), each constituent cell (spermoblast) of which is converted into a spermatozoid; a spermatogemma.

Spermospore (n.) The male germinal or seminal cell, from the breaking up of which the spermoblasts are formed and ultimately the spermatozoids; a spermatospore.

Spermule (n.) A sperm cell.

Sperrylite (n.) An arsenide of platinum occuring in grains and minute isometric crystals of tin-white color. It is found near Sudbury, Ontario Canada, and is the only known compound of platinum occuring in nature.

Spessartite (n.) A manganesian variety of garnet.

Spet (n.) Spittle.

Spew (n.) That which is vomited; vomit.

Spewer (n.) One who spews.

Spewiness (n.) The state of being spewy.

Sphacel (n.) Gangrene.

Sphacelation (n.) The process of becoming or making gangrenous; mortification.

Sphacelus (n.) Gangrenous part; gangrene; slough.

Sphaerenchyma (n.) Vegetable tissue composed of thin-walled rounded cells, -- a modification of parenchyma.

Sphaeridium (n.) A peculiar sense organ found upon the exterior of most kinds of sea urchins, and consisting of an oval or sherical head surmounting a short pedicel. It is generally supposed to be an olfactory organ.

Sphaerospore (n.) One of the nonsexual spores found in red algae; a tetraspore.

Sphaerulite (n.) Same as Spherulite.

Sphagnum (n.) A genus of mosses having white leaves slightly tinged with red or green and found growing in marshy places; bog moss; peat moss.

Sphalerite (n.) Zinc sulphide; -- called also blende, black-jack, false galena, etc. See Blende (a).

Sphene (n.) A mineral found usually in thin, wedge-shaped crystals of a yellow or green to black color. It is a silicate of titanium and calcium; titanite.

Sphenethmoid (n.) The sphenethmoid bone.

Spheniscan (n.) Any species of penguin.

Sphenodon (n.) Same as Hatteria.

Sphenogram (n.) A cuneiform, or arrow-headed, character.

Sphenographer (n.) One skilled in sphenography; a sphenographist.

Sphenographist (n.) A sphenographer.

Sphenography (n.) The art of writing in cuneiform characters, or of deciphering inscriptions made in such characters.

Sphenoid (n.) A wedge-shaped crystal bounded by four equal isosceles triangles. It is the hemihedral form of a square pyramid.

Sphenoid (n.) The sphenoid bone.

Sphenotic (n.) The sphenotic bone.

Sphere (n.) A body or space contained under a single surface, which in every part is equally distant from a point within called its center.

Sphere (n.) Hence, any globe or globular body, especially a celestial one, as the sun, a planet, or the earth.

Sphere (n.) The apparent surface of the heavens, which is assumed to be spherical and everywhere equally distant, in which the heavenly bodies appear to have their places, and on which the various astronomical circles, as of right ascension and declination, the equator, ecliptic, etc., are conceived to be drawn; an ideal geometrical sphere, with the astronomical and geographical circles in their proper positions on it.

Sphere (n.) In ancient astronomy, one of the concentric and eccentric revolving spherical transparent shells in which the stars, sun, planets, and moon were supposed to be set, and by which they were carried, in such a manner as to produce their apparent motions.

Sphere (n.) The extension of a general conception, or the totality of the individuals or species to which it may be applied.

Sphere (n.) Circuit or range of action, knowledge, or influence; compass; province; employment; place of existence.

Sphere (n.) Rank; order of society; social positions.

Sphere (n.) An orbit, as of a star; a socket.

Sphericity (n.) The quality or state of being spherial; roundness; as, the sphericity of the planets, or of a drop of water.

Sphericle (n.) A small sphere.

Spherics (n.) The doctrine of the sphere; the science of the properties and relations of the circles, figures, and other magnitudes of a sphere, produced by planes intersecting it; spherical geometry and trigonometry.

Spheroconic (n.) A nonplane curve formed by the intersection of the surface of an oblique cone with the surface of a sphere whose center is at the vertex of the cone.

Spherograph (n.) An instrument for facilitating the practical use of spherics in navigation and astronomy, being constructed of two cardboards containing various circles, and turning upon each other in such a manner that any possible spherical triangle may be readily found, and the measures of the parts read off by inspection.

Spheroid (n.) A body or figure approaching to a sphere, but not perfectly spherical; esp., a solid generated by the revolution of an ellipse about one of its axes.

Spheroidicity (n.) Alt. of Spheroidity

Spheroidity (n.) The quality or state of being spheroidal.

Spheromere (n.) Any one of the several symmetrical segments arranged around the central axis and composing the body of a radiate anmal.

Spherometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the curvature of spherical surface, as of lenses for telescope, etc.

Spherosiderite (n.) Siderite occuring in spheroidal masses.

Spherosome (n.) The body wall of any radiate animal.

Spherule (n.) A little sphere or spherical body; as, quicksilver, when poured upon a plane, divides itself into a great number of minute spherules.

Spherulite (n.) A minute spherical crystal

Sphex (n.) Any one of numerous species of sand wasps of the genus Sphex and allied genera. These wasps have the abdomen attached to the thorax by a slender pedicel. See Illust. of Sand wasp, under Sand.

Sphigmometer (n.) See Sphygmometer.

Sphincter (n.) A muscle which surrounds, and by its contraction tends to close, a natural opening; as, the sphincter of the bladder.

Sphingid (n.) A sphinx.

Sphinx (n.) In Egyptian art, an image of granite or porphyry, having a human head, or the head of a ram or of a hawk, upon the wingless body of a lion.

Sphinx (n.) On Greek art and mythology, a she-monster, usually represented as having the winged body of a lion, and the face and breast of a young woman.

Sphinx (n.) Hence: A person of enigmatical character and purposes, especially in politics and diplomacy.

Sphinx (n.) Any one of numerous species of large moths of the family Sphingidae; -- called also hawk moth.

Sphinx (n.) The Guinea, or sphinx, baboon (Cynocephalus sphinx).

Sphragide (n.) Lemnian earth.

Sphragistics (n.) The science of seals, their history, age, distinctions, etc., esp. as verifying the age and genuiness of documents.

Sphrigosis (n.) A condition of vegetation in which there is too abundant growth of the stem and leaves, accompanied by deficiency of flowers and fruit.

Sphygmogram (n.) A tracing, called a pulse tracing, consisting of a series of curves corresponding with the beats of the heart, obtained by the application of the sphygmograph.

Sphygmograph (n.) An instrument which, when applied over an artery, indicates graphically the movements or character of the pulse. See Sphygmogram.

Sphygmometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the strength of the pulse beat; a sphygmograph.

Sphygmophone (n.) An electrical instrument for determining by the ear the rhythm of the pulse of a person at a distance.

Sphygmoscope (n.) Same as Sphygmograph.

Spial (n.) A spy; a scout.

Spica (n.) A kind of bandage passing, by successive turns and crosses, from an extremity to the trunk; -- so called from its resemblance to a spike of a barley.

Spica (n.) A star of the first magnitude situated in the constellation Virgo.

Spice (n.) Species; kind.

Spice (n.) A vegetable production of many kinds, fragrant or aromatic and pungent to the taste, as pepper, cinnamon, nutmeg, mace, allspice, ginger, cloves, etc., which are used in cookery and to flavor sauces, pickles, etc.

Spice (n.) Figuratively, that which enriches or alters the quality of a thing in a small degree, as spice alters the taste of food; that which gives zest or pungency; a slight flavoring; a relish; hence, a small quantity or admixture; a sprinkling; as, a spice of mischief.

Spicebush (n.) Spicewood.

Spicer (n.) One who seasons with spice.

Spicer (n.) One who deals in spice.

Spicery (n.) Spices, in general.

Spicery (n.) A repository of spices.

Spicewood (n.) An American shrub (Lindera Benzoin), the bark of which has a spicy taste and odor; -- called also Benjamin, wild allspice, and fever bush.

Spiciness (n.) The quality or state of being spicy.

Spick (n.) A spike or nail.

Spicknel (n.) An umbelliferous herb (Meum Athamanticum) having finely divided leaves, common in Europe; -- called also baldmoney, mew, and bearwort.

Spicosity (n.) The state of having, or being full of, ears like corn.

Spicula (n.) A little spike; a spikelet.

Spicula (n.) A pointed fleshy appendage.

Spicule (n.) A minute, slender granule, or point.

Spicule (n.) Same as Spicula.

Spicule (n.) Any small calcareous or siliceous body found in the tissues of various invertebrate animals, especially in sponges and in most Alcyonaria.

Spiculum (n.) Same as Spicule.

Spider (n.) Any one of numerous species of arachnids comprising the order Araneina. Spiders have the mandibles converted into poison fangs, or falcers. The abdomen is large and not segmented, with two or three pairs of spinnerets near the end, by means of which they spin threads of silk to form cocoons, or nests, to protect their eggs and young. Many species spin also complex webs to entrap the insects upon which they prey. The eyes are usually eight in number (rarely six), and are situated>

Spider (n.) Any one of various other arachnids resembling the true spiders, especially certain mites, as the red spider (see under Red).

Spider (n.) An iron pan with a long handle, used as a kitchen utensil in frying food. Originally, it had long legs, and was used over coals on the hearth.

Spider (n.) A trevet to support pans or pots over a fire.

Spider (n.) A skeleton, or frame, having radiating arms or members, often connected by crosspieces; as, a casting forming the hub and spokes to which the rim of a fly wheel or large gear is bolted; the body of a piston head; a frame for strengthening a core or mold for a casting, etc.

Spiderwort (n.) An American endogenous plant (Tradescantia Virginica), with long

Spiegeleisen (n.) See Spiegel iron.

Spight (n.) A woodpecker. See Speight.

Spignel (n.) Same as Spickenel.

Spignet (n.) An aromatic plant of America. See Spikenard.

Spigot (n.) A pin or peg used to stop the vent in a cask; also, the plug of a faucet or cock.

Spigurnel (n.) Formerly the title of the sealer of writs in chancery.

Spike (n.) A sort of very large nail; also, a piece of pointed iron set with points upward or outward.

Spike (n.) Anything resembling such a nail in shape.

Spike (n.) An ear of corn or grain.

Spike (n.) A kind of flower cluster in which sessile flowers are arranged on an unbranched elongated axis.

Spike (n.) Spike lavender. See Lavender.

Spikebill (n.) The hooded merganser.

Spikebill (n.) The marbled godwit (Limosa fedoa).

Spikefish (n.) See Sailfish (a)

Spikelet (n.) A small or secondary spike; especially, one of the ultimate parts of the in florescence of grasses. See Illust. of Quaking grass.

Spikenard (n.) An aromatic plant. In the United States it is the Aralia racemosa, often called spignet, and used as a medicine. The spikenard of the ancients is the Nardostachys Jatamansi, a native of the Himalayan region. From its blackish roots a perfume for the hair is still prepared in India.

Spikenard (n.) A fragrant essential oil, as that from the Nardostachys Jatamansi.

Spiketail (n.) The pintail duck.

Spile (n.) A small plug or wooden pin, used to stop a vent, as in a cask.

Spile (n.) A small tube or spout inserted in a tree for conducting sap, as from a sugar maple.

Spile (n.) A large stake driven into the ground as a support for some superstructure; a pile.

Spilikin (n.) One of a number of small pieces or pegs of wood, ivory, bone, or other material, for playing a game, or for counting the score in a game, as in cribbage. In the plural (spilikins

spilikins (pl. ) of Spilikin

Spill (n.) A bit of wood split off; a splinter.

Spill (n.) A slender piece of anything.

Spill (n.) A peg or pin for plugging a hole, as in a cask; a spile.

Spill (n.) A metallic rod or pin.

Spill (n.) A small roll of paper, or slip of wood, used as a lamplighter, etc.

Spill (n.) One of the thick laths or poles driven horizontally ahead of the main timbering in advancing a level in loose ground.

Spill (n.) A little sum of money.

Spiller (n.) One who, or that which, spills.

Spiller (n.) A kind of fishing

Spillikin (n.) See Spilikin.

Spillway (n.) A sluiceway or passage for superfluous water in a reservoir, to prevent too great pressure on the dam.

Spilter (n.) Any one of the small branches on a stag's head.

Spilth (n.) Anything spilt, or freely poured out; slop; effusion.

Spin (n.) The act of spinning; as, the spin of a top; a spin a bicycle.

Spin (n.) Velocity of rotation about some specified axis.

Spinach (n.) Alt. of Spinage

Spinage (n.) A common pot herb (Spinacia oleracea) belonging to the Goosefoot family.

Spindle (n.) The long, round, slender rod or pin in spinning wheels by which the thread is twisted, and on which, when twisted, it is wound; also, the pin on which the bobbin is held in a spinning machine, or in the shuttle of a loom.

Spindle (n.) A slender rod or pin on which anything turns; an axis; as, the spindle of a vane.

Spindle (n.) The shaft, mandrel, or arbor, in a machine tool, as a lathe or drilling machine, etc., which causes the work to revolve, or carries a tool or center, etc.

Spindle (n.) The vertical rod on which the runner of a grinding mill turns.

Spindle (n.) A shaft or pipe on which a core of sand is formed.

Spindle (n.) The fusee of a watch.

Spindle (n.) A long and slender stalk resembling a spindle.

Spindle (n.) A yarn measure containing, in cotton yarn, 15,120 yards; in

Spindle (n.) A solid generated by the revolution of a curved

Spindle (n.) Any marine univalve shell of the genus Rostellaria; -- called also spindle stromb.

Spindle (n.) Any marine gastropod of the genus Fusus.

Spindlelegs (n.) A spindleshanks.

Spindleshanks (n.) A person with slender shanks, or legs; -- used humorously or in contempt.

Spindletail (n.) The pintail duck.

Spindleworm (n.) The larva of a noctuid mmoth (Achatodes zeae) which feeds inside the stalks of corn (maize), sometimes causing much damage. It is smooth, with a black head and tail and a row of black dots across each segment.

Spine (n.) A sharp appendage to any of a plant; a thorn.

Spine (n.) A rigid and sharp projection upon any part of an animal.

Spine (n.) One of the rigid and undivided fin rays of a fish.

Spine (n.) The backbone, or spinal column, of an animal; -- so called from the projecting processes upon the vertebrae.

Spine (n.) Anything resembling the spine or backbone; a ridge.

Spineback (n.) A fish having spines in, or in front of, the dorsal fins.

Spinebill (n.) Any species of Australian birds of the genus Acanthorhynchus. They are related to the honey eaters.

Spinel (n.) Alt. of Spinelle

Spinelle (n.) A mineral occuring in octahedrons of great hardness and various colors, as red, green, blue, brown, and black, the red variety being the gem spinel ruby. It consist essentially of alumina and magnesia, but commonly contains iron and sometimes also chromium.

Spinel (n.) Bleached yarn in making the

Spinet (n.) A keyed instrument of music resembling a harpsichord, but smaller, with one string of brass or steel wire to each note, sounded by means of leather or quill plectrums or jacks. It was formerly much used.

Spinet (n.) A spinny.

Spinetail (n.) Any one or several species of swifts of the genus Acanthylis, or Chaetura, and allied genera, in which the shafts of the tail feathers terminate in rigid spines.

Spinetail (n.) Any one of several species of South American and Central American clamatorial birds belonging to Synallaxis and allied genera of the family Dendrocolaptidae. They are allied to the ovenbirds.

Spinetail (n.) The ruddy duck.

Spininess (n.) Quality of being spiny.

Spink (n.) The chaffinch.

Spinnaker (n.) A large triangular sail set upon a boom, -- used when running before the wind.

Spinner (n.) One who, or that which, spins one skilled in spinning; a spinning machine.

Spinner (n.) A spider.

Spinner (n.) A goatsucker; -- so called from the peculiar noise it makes when darting through the air.

Spinner (n.) A spinneret.

Spinneret (n.) One of the special jointed organs situated on the under side, and near the end, of the abdomen of spiders, by means of which they spin their webs. Most spiders have three pairs of spinnerets, but some have only two pairs. The ordinary silk

Spinnerule (n.) One of the numerous small spinning tubes on the spinnerets of spiders.

Spinney (n.) Same as Spinny.

Spinny (n.) A small thicket or grove with undergrowth; a clump of trees.

Spinosity (n.) The quality or state of being spiny or thorny; spininess.

Spinozism (n.) The form of Pantheism taught by Benedict Spinoza, that there is but one substance, or infinite essence, in the universe, of which the so-called material and spiritual beings and phenomena are only modes, and that one this one substance is God.

Spinozist (n.) A believer in Spinozism.

Spinster (n.) A woman who spins, or whose occupation is to spin.

Spinster (n.) A man who spins.

Spinster (n.) An unmarried or single woman; -- used in legal proceedings as a title, or addition to the surname.

Spinster (n.) A woman of evil life and character; -- so called from being forced to spin in a house of correction.

Spinstress (n.) A woman who spins.

Spinstry (n.) The business of one who spins; spinning.

Spinule (n.) A minute spine.

Spiny (n.) See Spinny.

Spiracle (n.) The nostril, or one of the nostrils, of whales, porpoises, and allied animals.

Spiracle (n.) One of the external openings communicating with the air tubes or tracheae of insects, myriapods, and arachnids. They are variable in number, and are usually situated on the sides of the thorax and abdomen, a pair to a segment. These openings are usually elliptical, and capable of being closed. See Illust. under Coleoptera.

Spiracle (n.) A tubular orifice communicating with the gill cavity of certain ganoid and all elasmobranch fishes. It is the modified first gill cleft.

Spiracle (n.) Any small aperture or vent for air or other fluid.

Spiraea (n.) A genus of shrubs or perennial herbs including the meadowsweet and the hardhack.

Spirality (n.) The quality or states of being spiral.

Spiralozooid (n.) One of the special defensive zooids of certain hydroids. They have the form of long, slender tentacles, and bear lasso cells.

Spirant (n.) A term used differently by different authorities; -- by some as equivalent to fricative, -- that is, as including all the continuous consonants, except the nasals m, n, ng; with the further exception, by others, of the liquids r, l, and the semivowels w, y; by others limited to f, v, th surd and sonant, and the sound of German ch, -- thus excluding the sibilants, as well as the nasals, liquids, and semivowels.

Spiranthy (n.) The occasional twisted growth of the parts of a flower.

Spiration (n.) The act of breathing.

Spire (n.) A slender stalk or blade in vegetation; as, a spire grass or of wheat.

Spire (n.) A tapering body that shoots up or out to a point in a conical or pyramidal form. Specifically (Arch.), the roof of a tower when of a pyramidal form and high in proportion to its width; also, the pyramidal or aspiring termination of a tower which can not be said to have a roof, such as that of Strasburg cathedral; the tapering part of a steeple, or the steeple itself.

Spire (n.) A tube or fuse for communicating fire to the chargen in blasting.

Spire (n.) The top, or uppermost point, of anything; the summit.

Spire (n.) A spiral; a curl; a whorl; a twist.

Spire (n.) The part of a spiral generated in one revolution of the straight

Spiricle (n.) One of certain minute coiled threads in the coating of some seeds. When moistened these threads protrude in great numbers.

Spirifer (n.) Any one of numerous species of fossil brachipods of the genus Spirifer, or Delthyris, and allied genera, in which the long calcareous supports of the arms form a large spiral, or helix, on each side.

Spirillum (n.) A genus of common motile microorganisms (Spirobacteria) having the form of spiral-shaped filaments. One species is said to be the cause of relapsing fever.

Spirit (n.) Air set in motion by breathing; breath; hence, sometimes, life itself.

Spirit (n.) A rough breathing; an aspirate, as the letter h; also, a mark to denote aspiration; a breathing.

Spirit (n.) Life, or living substance, considered independently of corporeal existence; an intelligence conceived of apart from any physical organization or embodiment; vital essence, force, or energy, as distinct from matter.

Spirit (n.) The intelligent, immaterial and immortal part of man; the soul, in distinction from the body in which it resides; the agent or subject of vital and spiritual functions, whether spiritual or material.

Spirit (n.) Specifically, a disembodied soul; the human soul after it has left the body.

Spirit (n.) Any supernatural being, good or bad; an apparition; a specter; a ghost; also, sometimes, a sprite,; a fairy; an elf.

Spirit (n.) Energy, vivacity, ardor, enthusiasm, courage, etc.

Spirit (n.) One who is vivacious or lively; one who evinces great activity or peculiar characteristics of mind or temper; as, a ruling spirit; a schismatic spirit.

Spirit (n.) Temper or disposition of mind; mental condition or disposition; intellectual or moral state; -- often in the plural; as, to be cheerful, or in good spirits; to be downhearted, or in bad spirits.

Spirit (n.) Intent; real meaning; -- opposed to the letter, or to formal statement; also, characteristic quality, especially such as is derived from the individual genius or the personal character; as, the spirit of an enterprise, of a document, or the like.

Spirit (n.) Tenuous, volatile, airy, or vapory substance, possessed of active qualities.

Spirit (n.) Any liquid produced by distillation; especially, alcohol, the spirits, or spirit, of wine (it having been first distilled from wine): -- often in the plural.

Spirit (n.) Rum, whisky, brandy, gin, and other distilled liquors having much alcohol, in distinction from wine and malt liquors.

Spirit (n.) A solution in alcohol of a volatile principle. Cf. Tincture.

Spirit (n.) Any one of the four substances, sulphur, sal ammoniac, quicksilver, or arsenic (or, according to some, orpiment).

Spirit (n.) Stannic chloride. See under Stannic.

Spiritism (n.) Spiritualsm.

Spiritist (n.) A spiritualist.

Spiritousness (n.) Quality of being spiritous.

Spiritual (n.) A spiritual function, office, or affair. See Spirituality, 2.

Spiritualism (n.) The quality or state of being spiritual.

Spiritualism (n.) The doctrine, in opposition to the materialists, that all which exists is spirit, or soul -- that what is called the external world is either a succession of notions impressed on the mind by the Deity, as maintained by Berkeley, or else the mere educt of the mind itself, as taught by Fichte.

Spiritualism (n.) A belief that departed spirits hold intercourse with mortals by means of physical phenomena, as by rappng, or during abnormal mental states, as in trances, or the like, commonly manifested through a person of special susceptibility, called a medium; spiritism; the doctrines and practices of spiritualists.

Spiritualist (n.) One who professes a regard for spiritual things only; one whose employment is of a spiritual character; an ecclesiastic.

Spiritualist (n.) One who maintains the doctrine of spiritualism.

Spiritualist (n.) One who believes in direct intercourse with departed spirits, through the agency of persons commonly called mediums, by means of physical phenomena; one who attempts to maintain such intercourse; a spiritist.

Spirituality (n.) The quality or state of being spiritual; incorporeality; heavenly-mindedness.

Spirituality (n.) That which belongs to the church, or to a person as an ecclesiastic, or to religion, as distinct from temporalities.

Spirituality (n.) An ecclesiastical body; the whole body of the clergy, as distinct from, or opposed to, the temporality.

Spiritualization (n.) The act of spiritualizing, or the state of being spiritualized.

Spiritualizer (n.) One who spiritualizes.

Spiritualness (n.) The quality or state of being spiritual or spiritual-minded; spirituality.

Spiritualty (n.) An ecclesiastical body; a spirituality.

Spirituosity (n.) The quality or state of being spirituous; spirituousness.

Spirituousness (n.) The quality or state of being spirituous.

Spirketing (n.) The planking from the waterways up to the port sills.

Spirling (n.) Sparling.

Spirochaeta (n.) Alt. of Spirochaete

Spirochaete (n.) A genus of Spirobacteria similar to Spirillum, but distinguished by its motility. One species, the Spirochaete Obermeyeri, is supposed to be the cause of relapsing fever.

Spirograph (n.) An instrument for recording the respiratory movements, as the sphygmograph does those of the pulse.

Spirometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the vital capacity of the lungs, or the volume of air which can be expelled from the chest after the deepest possible inspiration. Cf. Pneumatometer.

Spirometry (n.) The act or process of measuring the chest capacity by means of a spirometer.

Spiroscope (n.) A wet meter used to determine the breathing capacity of the lungs.

Spirula (n.) A genus of cephalopods having a multilocular, internal, siphunculated shell in the form of a flat spiral, the coils of which are not in contact.

Spirulate (n.) Having the color spots, or structural parts, arranged spirally.

Spissitude (n.) The quality or state of being spissated; as, the spissitude of coagulated blood, or of any coagulum.

Spit (n.) A long, slender, pointed rod, usually of iron, for holding meat while roasting.

Spit (n.) A small point of land running into the sea, or a long, narrow shoal extending from the shore into the sea; as, a spit of sand.

Spit (n.) The depth to which a spade goes in digging; a spade; a spadeful.

Spit (n.) To thrust a spit through; to fix upon a spit; hence, to thrust through or impale; as, to spit a loin of veal.

Spit (n.) To spade; to dig.

Spit (n.) To eject from the mouth; to throw out, as saliva or other matter, from the mouth.

Spit (n.) To eject; to throw out; to belch.

Spit (n.) The secretion formed by the glands of the mouth; spitle; saliva; sputum.

Spital (n.) A hospital.

Spitalhouse (n.) A hospital.

Spitball (n.) Paper chewed, and rolled into a ball, to be thrown as a missile.

Spitbox (n.) A vessel to receive spittle.

Spitchcock (n.) An eel split and broiled.

Spite (n.) Ill-will or hatred toward another, accompanied with the disposition to irritate, annoy, or thwart; petty malice; grudge; rancor; despite.

Spite (n.) Vexation; chargrin; mortification.

Spitfire (n.) A violent, irascible, or passionate person.

Spitful (n.) A spadeful.

Spitter (n.) One who ejects saliva from the mouth.

Spitter (n.) One who puts meat on a spit.

Spitter (n.) A young deer whose antlers begin to shoot or become sharp; a brocket, or pricket.

Spittle (n.) See Spital.

Spittle (n.) A small sort of spade.

Spittle (n.) The thick, moist matter which is secreted by the salivary glands; saliva; spit.

Spittoon (n.) A spitbox; a cuspidor.

Spit-venom (n.) Poison spittle; poison ejected from the mouth.

Spitzenburgh (n.) A kind of red and yellow apple, of medium size and spicy flavor. It originated at Newtown, on Long Island.

Splanchnapophysis (n.) Any element of the skeleton in relation with the alimentary canal, as the jaws and hyoidean apparatus.

Splanchnography (n.) Splanchnology.

Splanchnology (n.) That part of anatomy which treats of the viscera; also, a treatise on the viscera.

Splanchnopleure (n.) The inner, or visceral, one of the two lamellae into which the vertebrate blastoderm divides on either side of the notochord, and from which the walls of the enteric canal and the umbilical vesicle are developed. See Somatopleure.

Splanchno-skeleton (n.) That part of the skeleton connected with the sense organs and the viscera.

Splanchnotomy (n.) The dissection, or anatomy, of the viscera.

Splandrel (n.) See Spandrel.

Splash (n.) Water, or water and dirt, thrown upon anything, or thrown from a puddle or the like; also, a spot or daub, as of matter which wets or disfigures.

Splash (n.) A noise made by striking upon or in a liquid.

Splashboard (n.) A guard in the front part of vehicle, to prevent splashing by a mud or water from the horse's heels; -- in the United States commonly called dashboard.

Splasher (n.) One who, or that which, splashes.

Splasher (n.) One of the guarde over the wheels, as of a carriage, locomotive, etc.

Splasher (n.) A guard to keep off splashes from anything.

Splayfoot (n.) A foot that is abnormally flattened and spread out; flat foot.

Splaymouth (n.) A wide mouth; a mouth stretched in derision.

Spleen (n.) A peculiar glandlike but ductless organ found near the stomach or intestine of most vertebrates and connected with the vascular system; the milt. Its exact function in not known.

Spleen (n.) Anger; latent spite; ill humor; malice; as, to vent one's spleen.

Spleen (n.) A fit of anger; choler.

Spleen (n.) A sudden motion or action; a fit; a freak; a whim.

Spleen (n.) Melancholy; hypochondriacal affections.

Spleen (n.) A fit of immoderate laughter or merriment.

Spleenwort (n.) Any fern of the genus Asplenium, some species of which were anciently used as remedies for disorders of the spleen.

Spleget (n.) A cloth dipped in a liquid for washing a sore.

Splenalgia (n.) Pain over the region of the spleen.

Splenculus (n.) A lienculus.

Splendidness (n.) The quality of being splendid.

Splendor (n.) Great brightness; brilliant luster; brilliancy; as, the splendor ot the sun.

Splendor (n.) Magnifience; pomp; parade; as, the splendor of equipage, ceremonies, processions, and the like.

Splendor (n.) Brilliancy; glory; as, the splendor of a victory.

Splenetic (n.) A person affected with spleen.

Splenial (n.) The splenial bone.

Splenitis (n.) Inflammation of the spleen.

Splenium (n.) The thickened posterior border of the corpus callosum; -- so called in allusion to its shape.

Splenius (n.) A flat muscle of the back of the neck.

Splenization (n.) A morbid state of the lung produced by inflammation, in which its tissue resembles that of the spleen.

Splenocele (n.) Hernia formed by the spleen.

Splenography (n.) A description of the spleen.

Splenology (n.) The branch of science which treats of the spleen.

Splenotomy (n.) Dissection or anatomy of the spleen.

Splenotomy (n.) An incision into the spleen; removal of the spleen by incision.

Splent (n.) See Splent.

Splent (n.) See Splent coal, below.

Spleuchan (n.) A pouch, as for tobacco.

Splice (n.) A junction or joining made by splicing.

Sp

Sp

Splinter (n.) To split or rend into long, thin pieces; to shiver; as, the lightning splinters a tree.

Splinter (n.) To fasten or confine with splinters, or splints, as a broken limb.

Splinter (n.) A thin piece split or rent off lengthwise, as from wood, bone, or other solid substance; a thin piece; a sliver; as, splinters of a ship's mast rent off by a shot.

Split (n.) A crack, or longitudinal fissure.

Split (n.) A breach or separation, as in a political party; a division.

Split (n.) A piece that is split off, or made thin, by splitting; a splinter; a fragment.

Split (n.) Specif (Leather Manuf.), one of the sections of a skin made by dividing it into two or more thicknesses.

Split (n.) A division of a stake happening when two cards of the kind on which the stake is laid are dealt in the same turn.

Split (n.) the substitution of more than one share of a corporation's stock for one share. The market price of the stock usually drops in proportion to the increase in outstanding shares of stock. The split may be in any ratio, as a two-for-one split; a three-for-two split.

Split (n.) the division by a player of one hand of blackjack into two hands, allowed when the first two cards dealt to a player have the same value; the player is usually obliged to increase the amount wagered by placing a sum equal to the original bet on the new hand thus created.

Split-tail (n.) A california market fish (Pogonichthys macrolepidotus) belonging to the Carp family.

Split-tail (n.) The pintail duck.

Splitter (n.) One who, or that which, splits.

Splotch (n.) A spot; a stain; a daub.

Splurge (n.) A blustering demonstration, or great effort; a great display.

Splutter (n.) A confused noise, as of hasty speaking.

Splutterer (n.) One who splutters.

Spodomancy (n.) Divination by means of ashes.

Spodumene (n.) A mineral of a white to yellowish, purplish, or emerald-green color, occuring in prismatic crystals, often of great size. It is a silicate of aluminia and lithia. See Hiddenite.

Spoil (n.) That which is taken from another by violence; especially, the plunder taken from an enemy; pillage; booty.

Spoil (n.) Public offices and their emoluments regarded as the peculiar property of a successful party or faction, to be bestowed for its own advantage; -- commonly in the plural; as to the victor belong the spoils.

Spoil (n.) That which is gained by strength or effort.

Spoil (n.) The act or practice of plundering; robbery; aste.

Spoil (n.) Corruption; cause of corruption.

Spoil (n.) The slough, or cast skin, of a serpent or other animal.

Spoiler (n.) One who spoils; a plunderer; a pillager; a robber; a despoiler.

Spoiler (n.) One who corrupts, mars, or renders useless.

Spoilfive (n.) A certain game at cards in which, if no player wins three of the five tricks possible on any deal, the game is said to be spoiled.

Spoilsman (n.) One who serves a cause or a party for a share of the spoils; in United States politics, one who makes or recognizes a demand for public office on the ground of partisan service; also, one who sanctions such a policy in appointments to the public service.

Spoilsmonger (n.) One who promises or distributes public offices and their emoluments as the price of services to a party or its leaders.

Spoke (n.) The radius or ray of a wheel; one of the small bars which are inserted in the hub, or nave, and which serve to support the rim or felly.

Spoke (n.) A projecting handle of a steering wheel.

Spoke (n.) A rung, or round, of a ladder.

Spoke (n.) A contrivance for fastening the wheel of a vehicle, to prevent it from turning in going down a hill.

Spokeshave (n.) A kind of drawing knife or planing tool for dressing the spokes of wheels, the shells of blocks, and other curved work.

Spokesman (n.) One who speaks for another.

Spoliator (n.) One who spoliates; a spoiler.

Spondee (n.) A poetic foot of two long syllables, as in the Latin word leges.

Spondulics (n.) Money.

Spondyl (n.) Alt. of Spondyle

Spondyle (n.) A joint of the backbone; a vertebra.

Spong (n.) An irregular, narrow, projecting part of a field.

Sponge (n.) Any one of numerous species of Spongiae, or Porifera. See Illust. and Note under Spongiae.

Sponge (n.) The elastic fibrous skeleton of many species of horny Spongiae (keratosa), used for many purposes, especially the varieties of the genus Spongia. The most valuable sponges are found in the Mediterranean and the Red Sea, and on the coasts of Florida and the West Indies.

Sponge (n.) One who lives upon others; a pertinaceous and indolent dependent; a parasite; a sponger.

Sponge (n.) Any spongelike substance.

Sponge (n.) Dough before it is kneaded and formed into loaves, and after it is converted into a light, spongy mass by the agency of the yeast or leaven.

Sponge (n.) Iron from the puddling furnace, in a pasty condition.

Sponge (n.) Iron ore, in masses, reduced but not melted or worked.

Sponge (n.) A mop for cleaning the bore of a cannon after a discharge. It consists of a cylinder of wood, covered with sheepskin with the wool on, or cloth with a heavy looped nap, and having a handle, or staff.

Sponge (n.) The extremity, or point, of a horseshoe, answering to the heel.

Spongelet (n.) See Spongiole.

Sponger (n.) One who sponges, or uses a sponge.

Sponger (n.) One employed in gathering sponges.

Sponger (n.) Fig.: A parasitical dependent; a hanger-on.

Spongilla (n.) A genus of siliceous spongea found in fresh water.

Spongin (n.) The chemical basis of sponge tissue, a nitrogenous, hornlike substance which on decomposition with sulphuric acid yields leucin and glycocoll.

Sponginess (n.) The quality or state of being spongy.

Spongiole (n.) A supposed spongelike expansion of the tip of a rootlet for absorbing water; -- called also spongelet.

Spongiolite (n.) One of the microsporic siliceous spicules which occur abundantly in the texture of sponges, and are sometimes found fossil, as in flints.

Spongiopilin (n.) A kind of cloth interwoven with small pieces of sponge and rendered waterproof on one side by a covering of rubber. When moistend with hot water it is used as a poultice.

Spongoblast (n.) One of the cells which, in sponges, secrete the spongin, or the material of the horny fibers.

Sponk (n.) See Spunk.

Sponsion (n.) The act of becoming surety for another.

Sponsion (n.) An act or engagement on behalf of a state, by an agent not specially authorized for the purpose, or by one who exceeds the limits of authority.

Sponson (n.) One of the triangular platforms in front of, and abaft, the paddle boxes of a steamboat.

Sponson (n.) One of the slanting supports under the guards of a steamboat.

Sponson (n.) One of the armored projections fitted with gun ports, used on modern war vessels.

Sponsor (n.) One who binds himself to answer for another, and is responsible for his default; a surety.

Sponsor (n.) One who at the baptism of an infant professore the christian faith in its name, and guarantees its religious education; a godfather or godmother.

Sponsorship (n.) State of being a sponsor.

Spontaneity (n.) The quality or state of being spontaneous, or acting from native feeling, proneness, or temperament, without constraint or external force.

Spontaneity (n.) The tendency to undergo change, characteristic of both animal and vegetable organisms, and not restrained or cheked by the environment.

Spontaneity (n.) The tendency to activity of muscular tissue, including the voluntary muscles, when in a state of healthful vigor and refreshment.

Spontoon (n.) A kind of half-pike, or halberd, formerly borne by inferior officers of the British infantry, and used in giving signals to the soldiers.

Spook (n.) A spirit; a ghost; an apparition; a hobgoblin.

Spook (n.) The chimaera.

Spool (n.) A piece of cane or red with a knot at each end, or a hollow cylinder of wood with a ridge at each end, used to wind thread or yarn upon.

Spooler (n.) One who, or that which, spools.

Spoon (n.) An implement consisting of a small bowl (usually a shallow oval) with a handle, used especially in preparing or eating food.

Spoon (n.) Anything which resembles a spoon in shape; esp. (Fishing), a spoon bait.

Spoon (n.) Fig.: A simpleton; a spooney.

Spoonbill (n.) Any one of several species of wading birds of the genera Ajaja and Platalea, and allied genera, in which the long bill is broadly expanded and flattened at the tip.

Spoonbill (n.) The shoveler. See Shoveler, 2.

Spoonbill (n.) The ruddy duck. See under Ruddy.

Spoonbill (n.) The paddlefish.

Spoondrift (n.) Spray blown from the tops waves during a gale at sea; also, snow driven in the wind at sea; -- written also spindrift.

Spooney (n.) A weak-minded or silly person; one who is foolishly fond.

Spoonful (n.) The quantity which a spoon contains, or is able to contain; as, a teaspoonful; a tablespoonful.

Spoonful (n.) Hence, a small quantity.

Spoon-meat (n.) Food that is, or must be, taken with a spoon; liquid food.

Spoonwood (n.) The mountain laurel (Kalmia latifolia).

Spoonworm (n.) A gephyrean worm of the genus Thalassema, having a spoonlike probiscis.

Spoonwort (n.) Scurvy grass.

Spoor (n.) The track or trail of any wild animal; as, the spoor of an elephant; -- used originally by travelers in South Africa.

Sporangiophore (n.) The axis or receptacle in certain ferns (as Trichomanes), which bears the sporangia.

Sporangium (n.) A spore case in the cryptogamous plants, as in ferns, etc.

Spore (n.) One of the minute grains in flowerless plants, which are analogous to seeds, as serving to reproduce the species.

Spore (n.) An embryo sac or embryonal vesicle in the ovules of flowering plants.

Spore (n.) A minute grain or germ; a small, round or ovoid body, formed in certain organisms, and by germination giving rise to a new organism; as, the reproductive spores of bacteria, etc.

Spore (n.) One of the parts formed by fission in certain Protozoa. See Spore formation, belw.

Sporid (n.) A sporidium.

Sporidium (n.) A secondary spore, or a filament produced from a spore, in certain kinds of minute fungi.

Sporidium (n.) A spore.

Sporification (n.) Spore formation. See Spore formation (b), under Spore.

Sporocarp (n.) A closed body or conceptacle containing one or more masses of spores or sporangia.

Sporocarp (n.) A sporangium.

Sporocyst (n.) An asexual zooid, usually forming one of a series of larval forms in the agamic reproduction of various trematodes and other parasitic worms. The sporocyst generally develops from an egg, but in its turn produces other larvae by internal budding, or by the subdivision of a part or all of its contents into a number of minute germs. See Redia.

Sporocyst (n.) Any protozoan when it becomes encysted produces germs by sporulation.

Sporogenesis (n.) reproduction by spores.

Sporogony (n.) The growth or development of an animal or a zooid from a nonsexual germ.

Sporophore (n.) A placenta.

Sporophore (n.) That alternately produced form of certain cryptogamous plants, as ferns, mosses, and the like, which is nonsexual, but produces spores in countless numbers. In ferns it is the leafy plant, in mosses the capsule. Cf. Oophore.

Sporosac (n.) A hydrozoan reproductive zooid or gonophore which does not become medusoid in form or structure. See Illust. under Athecata.

Sporosac (n.) An early or simple larval stage of trematode worms and some other invertebrates, which is capable or reproducing other germs by asexual generation; a nurse; a redia.

Sporozoid (n.) Same as Zoospore.

Sporran (n.) A large purse or pouch made of skin with the hair or fur on, worn in front of the kilt by Highlanders when in full dress.

Sport (n.) That which diverts, and makes mirth; pastime; amusement.

Sport (n.) Mock; mockery; contemptuous mirth; derision.

Sport (n.) That with which one plays, or which is driven about in play; a toy; a plaything; an object of mockery.

Sport (n.) Play; idle jingle.

Sport (n.) Diversion of the field, as fowling, hunting, fishing, racing, games, and the like, esp. when money is staked.

Sport (n.) A plant or an animal, or part of a plant or animal, which has some peculiarity not usually seen in the species; an abnormal variety or growth. See Sporting plant, under Sporting.

Sport (n.) A sportsman; a gambler.

Sportability (n.) Sportiveness.

Sporter (n.) One who sports; a sportsman.

Sportling (n.) A little person or creature engaged in sports or in play.

Sportsman (n.) One who pursues the sports of the field; one who hunts, fishes, etc.

Sportsmanship (n.) The practice of sportsmen; skill in field sports.

Sportula (n.) A gift; a present; a prize; hence, an alms; a largess.

Sportule (n.) A charitable gift or contribution; a gift; an alms; a dole; a largess; a sportula.

Sporulation (n.) The act or process of forming spores; spore formation. See Illust. of Bacillus, b.

Sporule (n.) A small spore; a spore.

Spot (n.) A mark on a substance or body made by foreign matter; a blot; a place discolored.

Spot (n.) A stain on character or reputation; something that soils purity; disgrace; reproach; fault; blemish.

Spot (n.) A small part of a different color from the main part, or from the ground upon which it is; as, the spots of a leopard; the spots on a playing card.

Spot (n.) A small extent of space; a place; any particular place.

Spot (n.) A variety of the common domestic pigeon, so called from a spot on its head just above its beak.

Spot (n.) A sciaenoid food fish (Liostomus xanthurus) of the Atlantic coast of the United States. It has a black spot behind the shoulders and fifteen oblique dark bars on the sides. Called also goody, Lafayette, masooka, and old wife.

Spot (n.) The southern redfish, or red horse, which has a spot on each side at the base of the tail. See Redfish.

Spot (n.) Commodities, as merchandise and cotton, sold for immediate delivery.

Spottedness (n.) State or quality of being spotted.

Spotter (n.) One who spots.

Spottiness (n.) The state or quality of being spotty.

Spousal (n.) Marriage; nuptials; espousal; -- generally used in the plural; as, the spousals of Hippolita.

Spouse (n.) A man or woman engaged or joined in wedlock; a married person, husband or wife.

Spouse (n.) A married man, in distinct from a spousess or married woman; a bridegroom or husband.

Spouse (n.) To wed; to espouse.

Spouse-breach (n.) Adultery.

Spousess (n.) A wife or bride.

Spouter (n.) One who, or that which, spouts.

Spoutfish (n.) A marine animal that spouts water; -- applied especially to certain bivalve mollusks, like the long clams (Mya), which spout, or squirt out, water when retiring into their holes.

Spoutshell (n.) Any marine gastropod shell of the genus Apporhais having an elongated siphon. See Illust. under Rostrifera.

Sprag (n.) A young salmon.

Sprag (n.) A billet of wood; a piece of timber used as a prop.

Sprain (n.) The act or result of spraining; lameness caused by spraining; as, a bad sprain of the wrist.

Sprat (n.) A small European herring (Clupea sprattus) closely allied to the common herring and the pilchard; -- called also garvie. The name is also applied to small herring of different kinds.

Sprat (n.) A California surf-fish (Rhacochilus toxotes); -- called also alfione, and perch.

Spray (n.) A small shoot or branch; a twig.

Spray (n.) A collective body of small branches; as, the tree has a beautiful spray.

Spray (n.) A side channel or branch of the runner of a flask, made to distribute the metal in all parts of the mold.

Spray (n.) A group of castings made in the same mold and connected by sprues formed in the runner and its branches.

Sprayboard (n.) See Dashboard, n., 2 (b).

Spread (n.) Extent; compass.

Spread (n.) Expansion of parts.

Spread (n.) A cloth used as a cover for a table or a bed.

Spread (n.) A table, as spread or furnished with a meal; hence, an entertainment of food; a feast.

Spread (n.) A privilege which one person buys of another, of demanding certain shares of stock at a certain price, or of delivering the same shares of stock at another price, within a time agreed upon.

Spread (n.) An unlimited expanse of discontinuous points.

Spreader (n.) One who, or that which, spreads, expands, or propogates.

Spreader (n.) A machine for combining and drawing fibers of flax to form a sliver preparatory to spinning.

Sprechery (n.) Movables of an inferior description; especially, such as have been collected by depredation.

Spree (n.) A merry frolic; especially, a drinking frolic; a carousal.

Sprew (n.) Thrush.

Sprig (n.) A small shoot or twig of a tree or other plant; a spray; as, a sprig of laurel or of parsley.

Sprig (n.) A youth; a lad; -- used humorously or in slight disparagement.

Sprig (n.) A brad, or nail without a head.

Sprig (n.) A small eyebolt ragged or barbed at the point.

Spright (n.) Spirit; mind; soul; state of mind; mood.

Spright (n.) A supernatural being; a spirit; a shade; an apparition; a ghost.

Spright (n.) A kind of short arrow.

Spright

Sprigtail (n.) The pintail duck; -- called also sprig, and spreet-tail.

Sprigtail (n.) The sharp-tailed grouse.

Springal (n.) An ancient military engine for casting stones and arrows by means of a spring.

Springboard (n.) An elastic board, secured at the ends, or at one end, often by elastic supports, used in performing feats of agility or in exercising.

Springbok (n.) Alt. of Springbuck

Springbuck (n.) A South African gazelle (Gazella euchore) noted for its graceful form and swiftness, and for its peculiar habit of springing lighty and suddenly into the air. It has a white dorsal stripe, expanding into a broad patch of white on the rump and tail. Called also springer.

Springer (n.) One who, or that which, springs; specifically, one who rouses game.

Springer (n.) A young plant.

Springer (n.) The impost, or point at which an arch rests upon its support, and from which it seems to spring.

Springer (n.) The bottom stone of an arch, which lies on the impost. The skew back is one form of springer.

Springer (n.) The rib of a groined vault, as being the solid abutment for each section of vaulting.

Springer (n.) The grampus.

Springer (n.) A variety of the field spaniel. See Spaniel.

Springer (n.) A species of antelope; the sprinkbok.

Springhalt (n.) A kind of lameness in horse. See Stringhalt.

Springhead (n.) A fountain or source.

Springiness (n.) The state or quality of being springly.

Springing (n.) The act or process of one who, or that which, springs.

Springing (n.) Growth; increase; also, that which springs up; a shoot; a plant.

Springle (n.) A springe.

Springlet (n.) A little spring.

Springtail (n.) Any one of numerous species of small apterous insects belonging to the order Thysanura. They have two elastic caudal stylets which can be bent under the abdomen and then suddenly extended like a spring, thus enabling them to leap to a considerable distance. See Collembola, and Podura.

Springtide (n.) The time of spring; springtime.

Springtime (n.) The season of spring; springtide.

Sprinkle (n.) A small quantity scattered, or sparsely distributed; a sprinkling.

Sprinkle (n.) A utensil for sprinkling; a sprinkler.

Sprinkler (n.) One who sprinkles.

Sprinkler (n.) An instrument or vessel used in sprinkling; specifically, a watering pot.

Sprinkling (n.) The act of one who, or that which, sprinkles.

Sprinkling (n.) A small quantity falling in distinct drops or particles; as, a sprinkling of rain or snow.

Sprinkling (n.) Hence, a moderate number or quantity distributed like drops.

Sprint (n.) The act of sprinting; a run of a short distance at full speed.

Sprinter (n.) One who sprints; one who runs in sprint races; as, a champion sprinter.

Sprit (n.) A shoot; a sprout.

Sprite (n.) A spirit; a soul; a shade; also, an apparition. See Spright.

Sprite (n.) An elf; a fairy; a goblin.

Sprite (n.) The green woodpecker, or yaffle.

Spritsail (n.) A sail extended by a sprit.

Spritsail (n.) A sail formerly hung under the bowsprit, from the spritsail yard.

Sprod (n.) A salmon in its second year.

Spruce (n.) Neat, without elegance or dignity; -- formerly applied to things with a serious meaning; now chiefly applied to persons.

Spruce (n.) Sprightly; dashing.

Sprue (n.) Strictly, the hole through which melted metal is poured into the gate, and thence into the mold.

Sprue (n.) The waste piece of metal cast in this hole; hence, dross.

Sprue (n.) Same as Sprew.

Sprunt (n.) Anything short and stiff.

Sprunt (n.) A leap; a spring.

Sprunt (n.) A steep ascent in a road.

Spud (n.) A sharp, narrow spade, usually with a long handle, used by farmers for digging up large-rooted weeds; a similarly shaped implement used for various purposes.

Spud (n.) A dagger.

Spud (n.) Anything short and thick; specifically, a piece of dough boiled in fat.

Spuilzie (n.) See Spulzie.

Spuke (n.) See Spook.

Spuller (n.) One employed to inspect yarn, to see that it is well spun, and fit for the loom.

Spulzie (n.) Plunder, or booty.

Spume (n.) Frothy matter raised on liquids by boiling, effervescence, or agitation; froth; foam; scum.

Spumescence (n.) The state of being foamy; frothiness.

Spuminess (n.) The quality or condition of being spumy; spumescence.

Spunge (n.) A sponge.

Spunk (n.) Wood that readily takes fire; touchwood; also, a kind of tinder made from a species of fungus; punk; amadou.

Spunk (n.) An inflammable temper; spirit; mettle; pluck; as, a man of spunk.

Spur (n.) A sparrow.

Spur (n.) A tern.

Spur (n.) An implement secured to the heel, or above the heel, of a horseman, to urge the horse by its pressure. Modern spurs have a small wheel, or rowel, with short points. Spurs were the badge of knighthood.

Spur (n.) That which goads to action; an incitement.

Spur (n.) Something that projects; a snag.

Spur (n.) One of the large or principal roots of a tree.

Spur (n.) Any stiff, sharp spine, as on the wings and legs of certain burds, on the legs of insects, etc.; especially, the spine on a cock's leg.

Spur (n.) A mountain that shoots from any other mountain, or range of mountains, and extends to some distance in a lateral direction, or at right angles.

Spur (n.) A spiked iron worn by seamen upon the bottom of the boot, to enable them to stand upon the carcass of a whale, to strip off the blubber.

Spur (n.) A brace strengthening a post and some connected part, as a rafter or crossbeam; a strut.

Spur (n.) The short wooden buttress of a post.

Spur (n.) A projection from the round base of a column, occupying the angle of a square plinth upon which the base rests, or bringing the bottom bed of the base to a nearly square form. It is generally carved in leafage.

Spur (n.) Any projecting appendage of a flower looking like a spur.

Spur (n.) Ergotized rye or other grain.

Spur (n.) A wall that crosses a part of a rampart and joins to an inner wall.

Spur (n.) A piece of timber fixed on the bilge ways before launching, having the upper ends bolted to the vessel's side.

Spur (n.) A curved piece of timber serving as a half to support the deck where a whole beam can not be placed.

Spurgall (n.) A place galled or excoriated by much using of the spur.

Spurge (n.) Any plant of the genus Euphorbia. See Euphorbia.

Spurgewort (n.) Any euphorbiaceous plant.

Spurging (n.) A purging.

Spurling (n.) A tern.

Spurling-

Spurn (n.) A kick; a blow with the foot.

Spurn (n.) Disdainful rejection; contemptuous tratment.

Spurn (n.) A body of coal left to sustain an overhanding mass.

Spurner (n.) One who spurns.

Spurn-water (n.) A channel at the end of a deck to restrain the water.

Spurrer (n.) One who spurs.

Spurrey (n.) See Spurry.

Spurrier (n.) One whose occupation is to make spurs.

Spur-royal (n.) A gold coin, first made in the reign of Edward IV., having a star on the reverse resembling the rowel of a spur. In the reigns of Elizabeth and of James I., its value was fifteen shillings.

Spurry (n.) An annual herb (Spergula arvensis) with whorled filiform leaves, sometimes grown in Europe for fodder.

Spur-shell (n.) Any one of several species of handsome gastropod shells of the genus Trochus, or Imperator. The shell is conical, with the margin toothed somewhat like the rowel of a spur.

Sourt (n.) A sudden or violent ejection or gushing of a liquid, as of water from a tube, orifice, or other confined place, or of blood from a wound; a jet; a spirt.

Sourt (n.) A shoot; a bud.

Sourt (n.) Fig.: A sudden outbreak; as, a spurt of jealousy.

Spurt (n.) A sudden and energetic effort, as in an emergency; an increased exertion for a brief space.

Spurway (n.) A bridle path.

Sput (n.) An annular reenforce, to strengthen a place where a hole is made.

Sputation (n.) The act of spitting; expectoration.

Sputter (n.) Moist matter thrown out in small detached particles; also, confused and hasty speech.

Sputterer (n.) One who sputters.

Sputum (n.) That which is expectorated; a salival discharge; spittle; saliva.

Spy (n.) One who keeps a constant watch of the conduct of others.

Spy (n.) A person sent secretly into an enemy's camp, territory, or fortifications, to inspect his works, ascertain his strength, movements, or designs, and to communicate such intelligence to the proper officer.

Spyboat (n.) A boat sent to make discoveries and bring intelligence.

Spyglass (n.) A small telescope for viewing distant terrestrial objects.

Spyism (n.) Act or business of spying.

Spynace (n.) Alt. of Spyne

Spyne (n.) See Pinnace, n., 1 (a).

Squab (n.) A neatling of a pigeon or other similar bird, esp. when very fat and not fully fledged.

Squab (n.) A person of a short, fat figure.

Squab (n.) A thickly stuffed cushion; especially, one used for the seat of a sofa, couch, or chair; also, a sofa.

Squabble (n.) A scuffle; a wrangle; a brawl.

Squabbler (n.) One who squabbles; a contentious person; a brawler.

Squab-chick (n.) A young chicken before it is fully fledged.

Squacco (n.) A heron (Ardea comata) found in Asia, Northern Africa, and Southern Europe.

Squad (n.) A small party of men assembled for drill, inspection, or other purposes.

Squad (n.) Hence, any small party.

Squad (n.) Sloppy mud.

Squadron (n.) Primarily, a square; hence, a square body of troops; a body of troops drawn up in a square.

Squadron (n.) A body of cavarly comparising two companies or troops, and averging from one hundred and twenty to two hundred men.

Squadron (n.) A detachment of vessels employed on any particular service or station, under the command of the senior officer; as, the North Atlantic Squadron.

Squalidity (n.) The quality or state of being squalid; foulness; filthiness.

Squalidness (n.) Quality or state of being squalid.

Squall (n.) A sudden violent gust of wind often attended with rain or snow.

Squall (n.) A loud scream; a harsh cry.

Squaller (n.) One who squalls; a screamer.

Squalodon (n.) A genus of fossil whales belonging to the Phocodontia; -- so called because their are serrated, like a shark's.

Squalor (n.) Squalidness; foulness; filthness; squalidity.

Squama (n.) A scale cast off from the skin; a thin dry shred consisting of epithelium.

Squame (n.) A scale.

Squame (n.) The scale, or exopodite, of an antenna of a crustacean.

Squamella (n.) A diminutive scale or bractlet, such as those found on the receptacle in many composite plants; a palea.

Squamipen (n.) Any one of a group of fishes having the dorsal and anal fins partially covered with scales.

Squamosal (n.) The squamous part of the temporal bone, or a bone correspondending to it, under Temporal.

Squamozygomatic (n.) A squamozygomatic bone.

Squamula (n.) One of the little hypogynous scales found in the flowers of grasses; a lodicule.

Squamule (n.) Same as Squamula.

Squander (n.) The act of squandering; waste.

Squanderer (n.) One who squanders.

Square (n.) The corner, or angle, of a figure.

Square (n.) A parallelogram having four equal sides and four right angles.

Square (n.) Hence, anything which is square, or nearly so

Square (n.) A square piece or fragment.

Square (n.) A pane of glass.

Square (n.) A certain number of

Square (n.) One hundred superficial feet.

Square (n.) An area of four sides, generally with houses on each side; sometimes, a solid block of houses; also, an open place or area for public use, as at the meeting or intersection of two or more streets.

Square (n.) An instrument having at least one right angle and two or more straight edges, used to lay out or test square work. It is of several forms, as the T square, the carpenter's square, the try-square., etc.

Square (n.) Hence, a pattern or rule.

Square (n.) The product of a number or quantity multiplied by itself; thus, 64 is the square of 8, for 8 / 8 = 64; the square of a + b is a2 + 2ab + b2.

Square (n.) Exact proportion; justness of workmanship and conduct; regularity; rule.

Square (n.) A body of troops formed in a square, esp. one formed to resist a charge of cavalry; a squadron.

Square (n.) Fig.: The relation of harmony, or exact agreement; equality; level.

Square (n.) The position of planets distant ninety degrees from each other; a quadrate.

Square (n.) The act of squaring, or quarreling; a quarrel.

Square (n.) The front of a woman's dress over the bosom, usually worked or embroidered.

Square (n.) To form with four sides and four right angles.

Square (n.) To form with right angles and straight

Square (n.) To compare with, or reduce to, any given measure or standard.

Square (n.) To adjust; to regulate; to mold; to shape; to fit; as, to square our actions by the opinions of others.

Square (n.) To make even, so as leave no remainder of difference; to balance; as, to square accounts.

Square (n.) To multiply by itself; as, to square a number or a quantity.

Square (n.) To hold a quartile position respecting.

Square (n.) To place at right angles with the keel; as, to square the yards.

Squareness (n.) The quality of being square; as, an instrument to try the squareness of work.

Squarer (n.) One who, or that which, squares.

Squarer (n.) One who squares, or quarrels; a hot-headed, contentious fellow.

Square-toed (n.) Having the toe square.

Square-toes (n.) A precise person; -- used contemptuously or jocularly.

Squash (n.) An American animal allied to the weasel.

Squash (n.) A plant and its fruit of the genus Cucurbita, or gourd kind.

Squash (n.) Something soft and easily crushed; especially, an unripe pod of pease.

Squash (n.) Hence, something unripe or soft; -- used in contempt.

Squash (n.) A sudden fall of a heavy, soft body; also, a shock of soft bodies.

Squasher (n.) One who, or that which, squashes.

Squashiness (n.) The quality or state of being squashy, or soft.

Squat (n.) The angel fish (Squatina angelus).

Squat (n.) The posture of one that sits on his heels or hams, or close to the ground.

Squat (n.) A sudden or crushing fall.

Squat (n.) A small vein of ore.

Squat (n.) A mineral consisting of tin ore and spar.

Squaterole (n.) The black-bellied plover.

Squatter (n.) One who squats; specifically, one who settles unlawfully upon land without a title. In the United States and Australia the term is sometimes applied also to a person who settles lawfully upon government land under permission and restrictions, before acquiring title.

Squatter (n.) See Squat snipe, under Squat.

Squaw (n.) A female; a woman; -- in the language of Indian tribes of the Algonquin family, correlative of sannup.

Squawberry (n.) A local name for the partridge berry; also, for the deerberry.

Squawk (n.) Act of squawking; a harsh squeak.

Squawk (n.) The American night heron. See under Night.

Squawroot (n.) A scaly parasitic plant (Conopholis Americana) found in oak woods in the United States; -- called also cancer root.

Squawweed (n.) The golden ragwort. See under Ragwort.

Squeak (n.) A sharp, shrill, disagreeable sound suddenly utered, either of the human voice or of any animal or instrument, such as is made by carriage wheels when dry, by the soles of leather shoes, or by a pipe or reed.

Squeaker (n.) One who, or that which, squeaks.

Squeaker (n.) The Australian gray crow shrile (Strepera anaphonesis); -- so called from its note.

Squeal (n.) A shrill, somewhat prolonged cry.

Squealer (n.) One who, or that which, squeals.

Squealer (n.) The European swift.

Squealer (n.) The harlequin duck.

Squealer (n.) The American golden plover.

Squeasiness (n.) Queasiness.

Squeegee (n.) Same as Squilgee.

Squeeze (n.) The act of one who squeezes; compression between bodies; pressure.

Squeeze (n.) A facsimile impression taken in some soft substance, as pulp, from an inscription on stone.

Squeezer (n.) One who, or that which, squeezes; as, a lemon squeezer.

Squeezer (n.) A machine like a large pair of pliers, for shingling, or squeezing, the balls of metal when puddled; -- used only in the plural.

Squeezer (n.) A machine of several forms for the same purpose; -- used in the singular.

Squeezing (n.) The act of pressing; compression; oppression.

Squeezing (n.) That which is forced out by pressure; dregs.

Squeezing (n.) Same as Squeeze, n., 2.

Squelch (n.) A heavy fall, as of something flat; hence, also, a crushing reply.

Squeteague (n.) An American sciaenoid fish (Cynoscion regalis), abundant on the Atlantic coast of the United States, and much valued as a food fish. It is of a bright silvery color, with iridescent reflections. Called also weakfish, squitee, chickwit, and sea trout. The spotted squeteague (C. nebulosus) of the Southern United States is a similar fish, but the back and upper fins are spotted with black. It is called also spotted weakfish, and, locally, sea trout, and sea salmon.

Squid (n.) Any one of numerous species of ten-armed cephalopods having a long, tapered body, and a caudal fin on each side; especially, any species of Loligo, Ommastrephes, and related genera. See Calamary, Decacerata, Dibranchiata.

Squid (n.) A fishhook with a piece of bright lead, bone, or other substance, fastened on its shank to imitate a squid.

Squier (n.) A square. See 1st Squire.

Squierie (n.) Alt. of Squiery

Squiery (n.) A company of squires; the whole body of squires.

Squilgee (n.) Formerly, a small swab for drying a vessel's deck; now, a kind of scraper having a blade or edge of rubber or of leather, -- used for removing superfluous, water or other liquids, as from a vessel's deck after washing, from window panes, photographer's plates, etc.

Squill (n.) A European bulbous liliaceous plant (Urginea, formerly Scilla, maritima), of acrid, expectorant, diuretic, and emetic properties used in medicine. Called also sea onion.

Squill (n.) Any bulbous plant of the genus Scilla; as, the bluebell squill (S. mutans).

Squill (n.) A squilla.

Squill (n.) A mantis.

Squilla (n.) Any one of numerous stomapod crustaceans of the genus Squilla and allied genera. They make burrows in mud or beneath stones on the seashore. Called also mantis shrimp. See Illust. under Stomapoda.

Squinance (n.) Alt. of Squinancy

Squinancy (n.) The quinsy. See Quinsy.

Squinancy (n.) A European perennial herb (Asperula cynanchica) with narrowly

Squinch (n.) A small arch thrown across the corner of a square room to support a superimposed mass, as where an octagonal spire or drum rests upon a square tower; -- called also sconce, and sconcheon.

Squinsy (n.) See Quinsy.

Squint (n.) Fig.: Looking askance.

Squint (n.) The act or habit of squinting.

Squint (n.) A want of coincidence of the axes of the eyes; strabismus.

Squint (n.) Same as Hagioscope.

Squinter (n.) One who squints.

Squint-eye (n.) An eye that squints.

Squinzey (n.) See Quinsy.

Squiralty (n.) Same as Squirarchy.

Squirarch (n.) One who belongs to the squirarchy.

Squirarchy (n.) The gentlemen, or gentry, of a country, collectively.

Squire (n.) A square; a measure; a rule.

Squire (n.) A shield-bearer or armor-bearer who attended a knight.

Squire (n.) A title of dignity next in degree below knight, and above gentleman. See Esquire.

Squire (n.) A male attendant on a great personage; also (Colloq.), a devoted attendant or follower of a lady; a beau.

Squire (n.) A title of office and courtesy. See under Esquire.

Squireen (n.) One who is half squire and half farmer; -- used humorously.

Squirehood (n.) The rank or state of a squire; squireship.

squireling (n.) A petty squire.

squireship (n.) Squirehood.

Squirt (n.) An instrument out of which a liquid is ejected in a small stream with force.

Squirt (n.) A small, quick stream; a jet.

Squirter (n.) One who, or that which, squirts.

Squiry (n.) The body of squires, collectively considered; squirarchy.

Squitee (n.) The squeteague; -- called also squit.

Stab (n.) The thrust of a pointed weapon.

Stab (n.) A wound with a sharp-pointed weapon; as, to fall by the stab an assassin.

Stab (n.) Fig.: An injury inflicted covertly or suddenly; as, a stab given to character.

Stabber (n.) One who, or that which, stabs; a privy murderer.

Stabber (n.) A small mar

Stableboy (n.) Alt. of Stableman

Stableman (n.) A boy or man who attends in a stable; a groom; a hostler.

Stableness (n.) The quality or state of being stable, or firmly established; stability.

Stabler (n.) A stable keeper.

Stabling (n.) The act or practice of keeping horses and cattle in a stable.

Stabling (n.) A building, shed, or room for horses and cattle.

Stablishment (n.) Establishment.

Stabulation (n.) The act of stabling or housing beasts.

Stabulation (n.) A place for lodging beasts; a stable.

Stack (n.) To lay in a conical or other pile; to make into a large pile; as, to stack hay, cornstalks, or grain; to stack or place wood.

Stackage (n.) Hay, gray, or the like, in stacks; things stacked.

Stackage (n.) A tax on things stacked.

Stacket (n.) A stockade.

Stack-guard (n.) A covering or protection, as a canvas, for a stack.

Stackstand (n.) A staging for supporting a stack of hay or grain; a rickstand.

Stackyard (n.) A yard or inclosure for stacks of hay or grain.

Stacte (n.) One of the sweet spices used by the ancient Jews in the preparation of incense. It was perhaps an oil or other form of myrrh or cinnamon, or a kind of storax.

Stade (n.) A stadium.

Stade (n.) A landing place or wharf.

Stadimeter (n.) A horizontal graduated bar mounted on a staff, used as a stadium, or telemeter, for measuring distances.

Stadium (n.) A Greek measure of length, being the chief one used for itinerary distances, also adopted by the Romans for nautical and astronomical measurements. It was equal to 600 Greek or 625 Roman feet, or 125 Roman paces, or to 606 feet 9 inches English. This was also called the Olympic stadium, as being the exact length of the foot-race course at Olympia.

Stadium (n.) Hence, a race course; especially, the Olympic course for foot races.

Stadium (n.) A kind of telemeter for measuring the distance of an object of known dimensions, by observing the angle it subtends; especially (Surveying), a graduated rod used to measure the distance of the place where it stands from an instrument having a telescope, by observing the number of the graduations of the rod that are seen between certain parallel wires (stadia wires) in the field of view of the telescope; -- also called stadia, and stadia rod.

Stadtholder (n.) Formerly, the chief magistrate of the United Provinces of Holland; also, the governor or lieutenant governor of a province.

Stadtholderate (n.) Alt. of Stadtholdership

Stadtholdership (n.) The office or position of a stadtholder.

Stafette (n.) An estafet.

Staff (n.) A long piece of wood; a stick; the long handle of an instrument or weapon; a pole or srick, used for many purposes; as, a surveyor's staff; the staff of a spear or pike.

Staff (n.) A stick carried in the hand for support or defense by a person walking; hence, a support; that which props or upholds.

Staff (n.) A pole, stick, or wand borne as an ensign of authority; a badge of office; as, a constable's staff.

Staff (n.) A pole upon which a flag is supported and displayed.

Staff (n.) The round of a ladder.

Staff (n.) A series of verses so disposed that, when it is concluded, the same order begins again; a stanza; a stave.

Staff (n.) The five

Staff (n.) An arbor, as of a wheel or a pinion of a watch.

Staff (n.) The grooved director for the gorget, or knife, used in cutting for stone in the bladder.

Staff (n.) An establishment of officers in various departments attached to an army, to a section of an army, or to the commander of an army. The general's staff consists of those officers about his person who are employed in carrying his commands into execution. See Etat Major.

Staff (n.) Hence: A body of assistants serving to carry into effect the plans of a superintendant or manager; as, the staff of a newspaper.

Staffier (n.) An attendant bearing a staff.

Staffman (n.) A workman employed in silk throwing.

Stag (n.) The adult male of the red deer (Cervus elaphus), a large European species closely related to the American elk, or wapiti.

Stag (n.) The male of certain other species of large deer.

Stag (n.) A colt, or filly; also, a romping girl.

Stag (n.) A castrated bull; -- called also bull stag, and bull seg. See the Note under Ox.

Stag (n.) An outside irregular dealer in stocks, who is not a member of the exchange.

Stag (n.) One who applies for the allotment of shares in new projects, with a view to sell immediately at a premium, and not to hold the stock.

Stag (n.) The European wren.

Stage (n.) A floor or story of a house.

Stage (n.) An elevated platform on which an orator may speak, a play be performed, an exhibition be presented, or the like.

Stage (n.) A floor elevated for the convenience of mechanical work, or the like; a scaffold; a staging.

Stage (n.) A platform, often floating, serving as a kind of wharf.

Stage (n.) The floor for scenic performances; hence, the theater; the playhouse; hence, also, the profession of representing dramatic compositions; the drama, as acted or exhibited.

Stage (n.) A place where anything is publicly exhibited; the scene of any noted action or carrer; the spot where any remarkable affair occurs.

Stage (n.) The platform of a microscope, upon which an object is placed to be viewed. See Illust. of Microscope.

Stage (n.) A place of rest on a regularly traveled road; a stage house; a station; a place appointed for a relay of horses.

Stage (n.) A degree of advancement in a journey; one of several portions into which a road or course is marked off; the distance between two places of rest on a road; as, a stage of ten miles.

Stage (n.) A degree of advancement in any pursuit, or of progress toward an end or result.

Stage (n.) A large vehicle running from station to station for the accomodation of the public; a stagecoach; an omnibus.

Stage (n.) One of several marked phases or periods in the development and growth of many animals and plants; as, the larval stage; pupa stage; zoea stage.

Stagecoach (n.) A coach that runs regularly from one stage, station, or place to another, for the conveyance of passengers.

Stagecoachman (n.) One who drives a stagecoach.

Stagehouse (n.) A house where a stage regularly stops for passengers or a relay of horses.

Stageplay (n.) A dramatic or theatrical entertainment.

Stageplayer (n.) An actor on the stage; one whose occupation is to represent characters on the stage; as, Garrick was a celebrated stageplayer.

Stager (n.) A player.

Stager (n.) One who has long acted on the stage of life; a practitioner; a person of experience, or of skill derived from long experience.

Stager (n.) A horse used in drawing a stage.

Stagery (n.) Exhibition on the stage.

Stag-evil (n.) A kind of palsy affecting the jaw of a horse.

Staggard (n.) The male red deer when four years old.

Stagger (n.) To move to one side and the other, as if about to fall, in standing or walking; not to stand or walk with steadiness; to sway; to reel or totter.

Stagger (n.) To cease to stand firm; to begin to give way; to fail.

Stagger (n.) To begin to doubt and waver in purposes; to become less confident or determined; to hesitate.

Stagger (n.) An unsteady movement of the body in walking or standing, as if one were about to fall; a reeling motion; vertigo; -- often in the plural; as, the stagger of a drunken man.

Stagger (n.) A disease of horses and other animals, attended by reeling, unsteady gait or sudden falling; as, parasitic staggers; appopletic or sleepy staggers.

Stagger (n.) Bewilderment; perplexity.

Staggerbush (n.) An American shrub (Andromeda Mariana) having clusters of nodding white flowers. It grows in low, sandy places, and is said to poison lambs and calves.

Staggerwort (n.) A kind of ragwort (Senecio Jacobaea).

Staghound (n.) A large and powerful hound formerly used in hunting the stag, the wolf, and other large animals. The breed is nearly extinct.

Staging (n.) A structure of posts and boards for supporting workmen, etc., as in building.

Staging (n.) The business of running stagecoaches; also, the act of journeying in stagecoaches.

Stagirite (n.) A native of, or resident in, Stagira, in ancient Macedonia; especially, Aristotle.

Stagnancy (n.) State of being stagnant.

Stagnation (n.) The condition of being stagnant; cessation of flowing or circulation, as of a fluid; the state of being motionless; as, the stagnation of the blood; the stagnation of water or air; the stagnation of vapors.

Stagnation (n.) The cessation of action, or of brisk action; the state of being dull; as, the stagnation of business.

Stagworm (n.) The larve of any species of botfly which is parasitic upon the stag, as /strus, or Hypoderma, actaeon, which burrows beneath the skin, and Cephalomyia auribarbis, which lives in the nostrils.

Stahlian (n.) A believer in, or advocate of, Stahlism.

Stahlism (n.) Alt. of Stahlianism

Stahlianism (n.) The Stahlian theoru, that every vital action is function or operation of the soul.

Staidness (n.) The quality or state of being staid; seriousness; steadiness; sedateness; regularity; -- the opposite of wildness, or levity.

Stail (n.) A handle, as of a mop; a stale.

Stain (n.) A discoloration by foreign matter; a spot; as, a stain on a garment or cloth.

Stain (n.) A natural spot of a color different from the gound.

Stain (n.) Taint of guilt; tarnish; disgrace; reproach.

Stain (n.) Cause of reproach; shame.

Stain (n.) A tincture; a tinge.

Stainer (n.) One who stains or tarnishes.

Stainer (n.) A workman who stains; as, a stainer of wood.

Stair (n.) One step of a series for ascending or descending to a different level; -- commonly applied to those within a building.

Stair (n.) A series of steps, as for passing from one story of a house to another; -- commonly used in the plural; but originally used in the singular only.

Staircase (n.) A flight of stairs with their supporting framework, casing, balusters, etc.

Stairhead (n.) The head or top of a staircase.

Stairway (n.) A flight of stairs or steps; a staircase.

Staith (n.) A landing place; an elevated staging upon a wharf for discharging coal, etc., as from railway cars, into vessels.

Staithman (n.) A man employed in weighing and shipping at a staith.

Stake-driver (n.) The common American bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus); -- so called because one of its notes resembles the sound made in driving a stake into the mud. Called also meadow hen, and Indian hen.

Stakehead (n.) A horizontal bar on a stake, used for supporting the yarns which are kept apart by pins in the bar.

Stakeholder (n.) The holder of a stake; one with whom the bets are deposited when a wager is laid.

Staktometer (n.) A drop measurer; a glass tube tapering to a small orifice at the point, and having a bulb in the middle, used for finding the number of drops in equal quantities of different liquids. See Pipette.

Stalactite (n.) A pendent cone or cylinder of calcium carbonate resembling an icicle in form and mode of attachment. Stalactites are found depending from the roof or sides of caverns, and are produced by deposition from waters which have percolated through, and partially dissolved, the overlying limestone rocks.

Stalactite (n.) In an extended sense, any mineral or rock of similar form and origin; as, a stalactite of lava.

Stalactites (n.) A stalactite.

Stalagmite (n.) A deposit more or less resembling an inverted stalactite, formed by calcareous water dropping on the floors of caverns; hence, a similar deposit of other material.

Stalder (n.) A wooden frame to set casks on.

Stale (n.) The stock or handle of anything; as, the stale of a rake.

Stalemate (n.) The position of the king when he can not move without being placed on check and there is no other piece which can be moved.

Staleness (n.) The quality or state of being stale.

Stalk (n.) The stem or main axis of a plant; as, a stalk of wheat, rye, or oats; the stalks of maize or hemp.

Stalk (n.) The petiole, pedicel, or peduncle, of a plant.

Stalk (n.) That which resembes the stalk of a plant, as the stem of a quill.

Stalk (n.) An ornament in the Corinthian capital resembling the stalk of a plant, from which the volutes and helices spring.

Stalk (n.) One of the two upright pieces of a ladder.

Stalk (n.) A stem or peduncle, as of certain barnacles and crinoids.

Stalk (n.) The narrow basal portion of the abdomen of a hymenopterous insect.

Stalk (n.) The peduncle of the eyes of decapod crustaceans.

Stalk (n.) An iron bar with projections inserted in a core to strengthen it; a core arbor.

Stalk (n.) A high, proud, stately step or walk.

Stalker (n.) One who stalks.

Stalker (n.) A kind of fishing net.

Stalking-horse (n.) A horse, or a figure resembling a horse, behind which a hunter conceals himself from the game he is aiming to kill.

Stalking-horse (n.) Fig.: Something used to cover up a secret project; a mask; a pretense.

Stallage (n.) The right of erecting a stalls in fairs; rent paid for a stall.

Stallage (n.) Dung of cattle or horses, mixed with straw.

Stallation (n.) Installation.

Staller (n.) A standard bearer. obtaining

Stalling (n.) Stabling.

Stallion (n.) A male horse not castrated; a male horse kept for breeding.

Stallman (n.) One who keeps a stall for the sale of merchandise, especially books.

Stallon (n.) A slip from a plant; a scion; a cutting.

Stalwartness (n.) The quality of being stalwart.

Stalworthhood (n.) Alt. of Stalworthness

Stalworthness (n.) The quality or state of being stalworth; stalwartness; boldness; daring.

Stamen (n.) A thread; especially, a warp thread.

Stamen (n.) The male organ of flowers for secreting and furnishing the pollen or fecundating dust. It consists of the anther and filament.

Stamin (n.) A kind of woolen cloth.

Staminode (n.) A staminodium.

Staminodium (n.) An abortive stamen, or any organ modified from an abortive stamen.

Stammel (n.) A large, clumsy horse.

Stammel (n.) A kind of woolen cloth formerly in use. It seems to have been often of a red color.

Stammel (n.) A red dye, used in England in the 15th and 16th centuries.

Stammer (n.) Defective utterance, or involuntary interruption of utterance; a stutter.

Stammerer (n.) One who stammers.

Stammering (n.) A disturbance in the formation of sounds. It is due essentially to long-continued spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm, by which expiration is preented, and hence it may be considered as a spasmodic inspiration.

Stamp (n.) The act of stamping, as with the foot.

Stamp (n.) The which stamps; any instrument for making impressions on other bodies, as a die.

Stamp (n.) The mark made by stamping; a mark imprinted; an impression.

Stamp (n.) that which is marked; a thing stamped.

Stamper (n.) One who stamps.

Stamper (n.) An instrument for pounding or stamping.

Stance (n.) A stanza.

Stance (n.) A station; a position; a site.

Stanch (n.) That which stanches or checks.

Stanch (n.) A flood gate by which water is accumulated, for floating a boat over a shallow part of a stream by its release.

Stanchel (n.) A stanchion.

Stancher (n.) One who, or that which, stanches, or stops, the flowing, as of blood.

Stanchion (n.) A prop or support; a piece of timber in the form of a stake or post, used for a support or stay.

Stanchion (n.) Any upright post or beam used as a support, as for the deck, the quarter rails, awnings, etc.

Stanchion (n.) A vertical bar for confining cattle in a stall.

Stanchness (n.) The quality or state of being stanch.

Stand (n.) To be at rest in an erect position; to be fixed in an upright or firm position

Stand (n.) To be supported on the feet, in an erect or nearly erect position; -- opposed to lie, sit, kneel, etc.

Stand (n.) To continue upright in a certain locality, as a tree fixed by the roots, or a building resting on its foundation.

Stand (n.) To occupy or hold a place; to have a situation; to be situated or located; as, Paris stands on the Seine.

Stand (n.) To cease from progress; not to proceed; to stop; to pause; to halt; to remain stationary.

Stand (n.) To remain without ruin or injury; to hold good against tendencies to impair or injure; to be permanent; to endure; to last; hence, to find endurance, strength, or resources.

Stand (n.) To maintain one's ground; to be acquitted; not to fail or yield; to be safe.

Stand (n.) To maintain an invincible or permanent attitude; to be fixed, steady, or firm; to take a position in resistance or opposition.

Stand (n.) To adhere to fixed principles; to maintain moral rectitude; to keep from falling into error or vice.

Stand (n.) To have or maintain a position, order, or rank; to be in a particular relation; as, Christian charity, or love, stands first in the rank of gifts.

Stand (n.) To be in some particular state; to have essence or being; to be; to consist.

Stand (n.) To be consistent; to agree; to accord.

Stand (n.) To hold a course at sea; as, to stand from the shore; to stand for the harbor.

Stand (n.) To offer one's self, or to be offered, as a candidate.

Stand (n.) To stagnate; not to flow; to be motionless.

Stand (n.) To measure when erect on the feet.

Stand (n.) To be or remain as it is; to continue in force; to have efficacy or validity; to abide.

Stand (n.) To appear in court.

Standage (n.) A reservior in which water accumulates at the bottom of a mine.

Standard (n.) A flag; colors; a banner; especially, a national or other ensign.

Standard (n.) That which is established by authority as a rule for the measure of quantity, extent, value, or quality; esp., the original specimen weight or measure sanctioned by government, as the standard pound, gallon, or yard.

Standard (n.) That which is established as a rule or model by authority, custom, or general consent; criterion; test.

Standard (n.) The proportion of weights of fine metal and alloy established by authority.

Standard (n.) A tree of natural size supported by its own stem, and not dwarfed by grafting on the stock of a smaller species nor trained upon a wall or trellis.

Standard (n.) The upper petal or banner of a papilionaceous corolla.

Standard (n.) An upright support, as one of the poles of a scaffold; any upright in framing.

Standard (n.) An inverted knee timber placed upon the deck instead of beneath it, with its vertical branch turned upward from that which lies horizontally.

Standard (n.) The sheth of a plow.

Standard (n.) A large drinking cup.

Standard-wing (n.) A curious paradise bird (Semioptera Wallacii) which has two long special feathers standing erect on each wing.

Stand-by (n.) One who, or that which, stands by one in need; something upon which one relies for constant use or in an emergency.

Standel (n.) A young tree, especially one reserved when others are cut.

Stander (n.) One who stands.

Stander (n.) Same as Standel.

Stander-by (n.) One who stands near; one who is present; a bystander.

Standergrass (n.) A plant (Orchis mascula); -- called also standerwort, and long purple. See Long purple, under Long.

Standgale (n.) See Stannel.

Standing (n.) The act of stopping, or coming to a stand; the state of being erect upon the feet; stand.

Standing (n.) Maintenance of position; duration; duration or existence in the same place or condition; continuance; as, a custom of long standing; an officer of long standing.

Standing (n.) Place to stand in; station; stand.

Standing (n.) Condition in society; relative position; reputation; rank; as, a man of good standing, or of high standing.

Standish (n.) A stand, or case, for pen and ink.

Standpipe (n.) A vertical pipe, open at the top, between a hydrant and a reservoir, to equalize the flow of water; also, a large vertical pipe, near a pumping engine, into which water is forced up, so as to give it sufficient head to rise to the required level at a distance.

Standpipe (n.) A supply pipe of sufficient elevation to enable the water to flow into the boiler, notwithstanding the pressure of the steam.

Standpoint (n.) A fixed point or station; a basis or fundamental principle; a position from which objects or principles are viewed, and according to which they are compared and judged.

Standstill (n.) A standing without moving forward or backward; a stop; a state or rest.

Stane (n.) A stone.

Stang (n.) A long bar; a pole; a shaft; a stake.

Stang (n.) In land measure, a pole, rod, or perch.

Stanhope (n.) A light two-wheeled, or sometimes four-wheeled, carriage, without a top; -- so called from Lord Stanhope, for whom it was contrived.

Staniel (n.) See Stannel.

Stanielry (n.) Hawking with staniels, -- a base kind of falconry.

Stank (n.) Water retained by an embankment; a pool water.

Stank (n.) A dam or mound to stop water.

Stannary (n.) A tin mine; tin works.

Stannate (n.) A salt of stannic acid.

Stannel (n.) The kestrel; -- called also standgale, standgall, stanchel, stand hawk, stannel hawk, steingale, stonegall.

Stannine (n.) Alt. of Stannite

Stannite (n.) A mineral of a steel-gray or iron-black color; tin pyrites. It is a sulphide of tin, copper, and iron.

Stannofluoride (n.) Any one of a series of double fluorides of tin (stannum) and some other element.

Stannotype (n.) A photograph taken upon a tin plate; a tintype.

Stannum (n.) The technical name of tin. See Tin.

Stannyel (n.) Alt. of Stanyel

Stanyel (n.) See Stannel.

Stanza (n.) A number of

Stanza (n.) An apartment or division in a building; a room or chamber.

Stapelia (n.) An extensive and curious genus of African plants of the natural order Asclepiadaceae (Milkweed family). They are succulent plants without leaves, frequently covered with dark tubercles giving them a very grotesque appearance. The odor of the blossoms is like that of carrion.

Stapes (n.) The innermost of the ossicles of the ear; the stirrup, or stirrup bone; -- so called from its form. See Illust. of Ear.

Staphylinid (n.) Any rove beetle.

Staphyloma (n.) A protrusion of any part of the globe of the eye; as, a staphyloma of the cornea.

Staphyloplasty (n.) The operation for restoring or replacing the soft palate when it has been lost.

Staphyloraphy (n.) Alt. of Staphylorrhaphy

Staphylorrhaphy (n.) The operation of uniting a cleft palate, consisting in paring and bringing together the edges of the cleft.

Staphylotomy (n.) The operation of removing a staphyloma by cutting.

Staple (n.) A settled mart; an emporium; a city or town to which merchants brought commodities for sale or exportation in bulk; a place for wholesale traffic.

Staple (n.) Hence: Place of supply; source; fountain head.

Staple (n.) The principal commodity of traffic in a market; a principal commodity or production of a country or district; as, wheat, maize, and cotton are great staples of the United States.

Staple (n.) The principal constituent in anything; chief item.

Staple (n.) Unmanufactured material; raw material.

Staple (n.) The fiber of wool, cotton, flax, or the like; as, a coarse staple; a fine staple; a long or short staple.

Staple (n.) A loop of iron, or a bar or wire, bent and formed with two points to be driven into wood, to hold a hook, pin, or the like.

Staple (n.) A shaft, smaller and shorter than the principal one, joining different levels.

Staple (n.) A small pit.

Staple (n.) A district granted to an abbey.

Stapler (n.) A dealer in staple goods.

Stapler (n.) One employed to assort wool according to its staple.

Star (n.) One of the innumerable luminous bodies seen in the heavens; any heavenly body other than the sun, moon, comets, and nebulae.

Star (n.) The polestar; the north star.

Star (n.) A planet supposed to influence one's destiny; (usually pl.) a configuration of the planets, supposed to influence fortune.

Star (n.) That which resembles the figure of a star, as an ornament worn on the breast to indicate rank or honor.

Star (n.) Specifically, a radiated mark in writing or printing; an asterisk [thus, *]; -- used as a reference to a note, or to fill a blank where something is omitted, etc.

Star (n.) A composition of combustible matter used in the heading of rockets, in mines, etc., which, exploding in the air, presents a starlike appearance.

Star (n.) A person of brilliant and attractive qualities, especially on public occasions, as a distinguished orator, a leading theatrical performer, etc.

Starch (n.) A widely diffused vegetable substance found especially in seeds, bulbs, and tubers, and extracted (as from potatoes, corn, rice, etc.) as a white, glistening, granular or powdery substance, without taste or smell, and giving a very peculiar creaking sound when rubbed between the fingers. It is used as a food, in the production of commercial grape sugar, for stiffening

Starch (n.) Fig.: A stiff, formal manner; formality.

Star-chamber (n.) An ancient high court exercising jurisdiction in certain cases, mainly criminal, which sat without the intervention of a jury. It consisted of the king's council, or of the privy council only with the addition of certain judges. It could proceed on mere rumor or examine witnesses; it could apply torture. It was abolished by the Long Parliament in 1641.

Starchedness (n.) The quality or state of being starched; stiffness in manners; formality.

Starcher (n.) One who starches.

Starchness (n.) Of or pertaining to starched or starch; stiffness of manner; preciseness.

Starchwort (n.) The cuckoopint, the tubers of which yield a fine quality of starch.

Starcraft (n.) Astrology.

Stare (n.) The starling.

Stare (n.) The act of staring; a fixed look with eyes wide open.

Starer (n.) One who stares, or gazes.

Starfinch (n.) The European redstart.

Starfish (n.) Any one of numerous species of echinoderms belonging to the class Asterioidea, in which the body is star-shaped and usually has five rays, though the number of rays varies from five to forty or more. The rays are often long, but are sometimes so short as to appear only as angles to the disklike body. Called also sea star, five-finger, and stellerid.

Starfish (n.) The dollar fish, or butterfish.

Stargaser (n.) One who gazes at the stars; an astrologer; sometimes, in derision or contempt, an astronomer.

Stargaser (n.) Any one of several species of spiny-rayed marine fishes belonging to Uranoscopus, Astroscopus, and allied genera, of the family Uranoscopidae. The common species of the Eastern United States are Astroscopus anoplus, and A. guttatus. So called from the position of the eyes, which look directly upward.

Stargasing (n.) The act or practice of observing the stars with attention; contemplation of the stars as connected with astrology or astronomy.

Stargasing (n.) Hence, absent-mindedness; abstraction.

Stark (n.) Stiff; rigid.

Stark (n.) Complete; absolute; full; perfect; entire.

Stark (n.) Strong; vigorous; powerful.

Stark (n.) Severe; violent; fierce.

Stark (n.) Mere; sheer; gross; entire; downright.

Starkness (n.) The quality or state of being stark.

Starlight (n.) The light given by the stars.

Starling (n.) Any passerine bird belonging to Sturnus and allied genera. The European starling (Sturnus vulgaris) is dark brown or greenish black, with a metallic gloss, and spotted with yellowish white. It is a sociable bird, and builds about houses, old towers, etc. Called also stare, and starred. The pied starling of India is Sternopastor contra.

Starling (n.) A California fish; the rock trout.

Starling (n.) A structure of piles driven round the piers of a bridge for protection and support; -- called also sterling.

Starmonger (n.) A fortune teller; an astrologer; -- used in contempt.

Starn (n.) The European starling.

Starnose (n.) A curious American mole (Condylura cristata) having the nose expanded at the end into a stellate disk; -- called also star-nosed mole.

Starost (n.) A nobleman who possessed a starosty.

Starosty (n.) A castle and domain conferred on a nobleman for life.

Star-read (n.) Doctrine or knowledge of the stars; star lore; astrology; astronomy.

Starriness (n.) The quality or state of being starry; as, the starriness of the heavens.

Starshine (n.) The light of the stars.

Starshoot (n.) See Nostoc.

Starstone (n.) Asteriated sapphire.

Start (n.) The act of starting; a sudden spring, leap, or motion, caused by surprise, fear, pain, or the like; any sudden motion, or beginning of motion.

Start (n.) A convulsive motion, twitch, or spasm; a spasmodic effort.

Start (n.) A sudden, unexpected movement; a sudden and capricious impulse; a sally; as, starts of fancy.

Start (n.) The beginning, as of a journey or a course of action; first motion from a place; act of setting out; the outset; -- opposed to finish.

Starter (n.) One who, or that which, starts; as, a starter on a journey; the starter of a race.

Starter (n.) A dog that rouses game.

Startfulness (n.) Aptness to start.

Starthroat (n.) Any humming bird of the genus Heliomaster. The feathers of the throat have a brilliant metallic luster.

Startle (n.) A sudden motion or shock caused by an unexpected alarm, surprise, or apprehension of danger.

Start-up (n.) One who comes suddenly into notice; an upstart.

Start-up (n.) A kind of high rustic shoe.

Starvation (n.) The act of starving, or the state of being starved.

Starveling (n.) One who, or that which, pines from lack or food, or nutriment.

Starwort (n.) Any plant of the genus Aster. See Aster.

Starwort (n.) A small plant of the genus Stellaria, having star-shaped flowers; star flower; chickweed.

Stasimon (n.) In the Greek tragedy, a song of the chorus, continued without the interruption of dialogue or anapaestics.

Stasis (n.) A slackening or arrest of the blood current in the vessels, due not to a lessening of the heart's beat, but presumably to some abnormal resistance of the capillary walls. It is one of the phenomena observed in the capillaries in inflammation.

State (n.) The circumstances or condition of a being or thing at any given time.

State (n.) Rank; condition; quality; as, the state of honor.

State (n.) Condition of prosperity or grandeur; wealthy or prosperous circumstances; social importance.

State (n.) Appearance of grandeur or dignity; pomp.

State (n.) A chair with a canopy above it, often standing on a dais; a seat of dignity; also, the canopy itself.

State (n.) Estate, possession.

State (n.) A person of high rank.

State (n.) Any body of men united by profession, or constituting a community of a particular character; as, the civil and ecclesiastical states, or the lords spiritual and temporal and the commons, in Great Britain. Cf. Estate, n., 6.

State (n.) The principal persons in a government.

State (n.) The bodies that constitute the legislature of a country; as, the States-general of Holland.

State (n.) A form of government which is not monarchial, as a republic.

State (n.) A political body, or body politic; the whole body of people who are united one government, whatever may be the form of the government; a nation.

State (n.) In the United States, one of the commonwealth, or bodies politic, the people of which make up the body of the nation, and which, under the national constitution, stands in certain specified relations with the national government, and are invested, as commonwealth, with full power in their several spheres over all matters not expressly inhibited.

State (n.) Highest and stationary condition, as that of maturity between growth and dec

State (n.) A statement; also, a document containing a statement.

Statecraft (n.) The art of conducting state affairs; state management; statesmanship.

Statehood (n.) The condition of being a State; as, a territory seeking Statehood.

Statehouse (n.) The building in which a State legislature holds its sessions; a State capitol.

State

Statement (n.) The act of stating, reciting, or presenting, orally or in paper; as, to interrupt a speaker in the statement of his case.

Statement (n.) That which is stated; a formal embodiment in language of facts or opinions; a narrative; a recital.

Statemonger (n.) One versed in politics, or one who dabbles in state affairs.

Stater (n.) One who states.

Stater (n.) The principal gold coin of ancient Grece. It varied much in value, the stater best known at Athens being worth about 1 2s., or about $5.35. The Attic silver tetradrachm was in later times called stater.

Stateroom (n.) A magnificent room in a place or great house.

Stateroom (n.) A small apartment for lodging or sleeping in the cabin, or on the deck, of a vessel; also, a somewhat similar apartment in a railway sleeping car.

States-general (n.) In France, before the Revolution, the assembly of the three orders of the kingdom, namely, the clergy, the nobility, and the third estate, or commonalty.

States-general (n.) In the Netherlands, the legislative body, composed of two chambers.

Statesman (n.) A man versed in public affairs and in the principles and art of government; especially, one eminent for political abilities.

Statesman (n.) One occupied with the affairs of government, and influental in shaping its policy.

Statesman (n.) A small landholder.

Statesmanship (n.) The qualifications, duties, or employments of a statesman.

Stateswoman (n.) A woman concerned in public affairs.

Stathmograph (n.) A contrivance for recording the speed of a railway train.

Statics (n.) That branch of mechanics which treats of the equilibrium of forces, or relates to bodies as held at rest by the forces acting on them; -- distinguished from dynamics.

Stating (n.) The act of one who states anything; statement; as, the statingof one's opinions.

Station (n.) The act of standing; also, attitude or pose in standing; posture.

Station (n.) A state of standing or rest; equilibrium.

Station (n.) The spot or place where anything stands, especially where a person or thing habitually stands, or is appointed to remain for a time; as, the station of a sentinel.

Station (n.) A regular stopping place in a stage road or route; a place where railroad trains regularly come to a stand, for the convenience of passengers, taking in fuel, moving freight, etc.

Station (n.) The headquarters of the police force of any precinct.

Station (n.) The place at which an instrument is planted, or observations are made, as in surveying.

Station (n.) The particular place, or kind of situation, in which a species naturally occurs; a habitat.

Station (n.) A place to which ships may resort, and where they may anchor safely.

Station (n.) A place or region to which a government ship or fleet is assigned for duty.

Station (n.) A place calculated for the rendezvous of troops, or for the distribution of them; also, a spot well adapted for offensive measures. Wilhelm (Mil. Dict.).

Station (n.) An enlargement in a shaft or galley, used as a landing, or passing place, or for the accomodation of a pump, tank, etc.

Station (n.) Post assigned; office; the part or department of public duty which a person is appointed to perform; sphere of duty or occupation; employment.

Station (n.) Situation; position; location.

Station (n.) State; rank; condition of life; social status.

Station (n.) The fast of the fourth and sixth days of the week, Wednesday and Friday, in memory of the council which condemned Christ, and of his passion.

Station (n.) A church in which the procession of the clergy halts on stated days to say stated prayers.

Station (n.) One of the places at which ecclesiastical processions pause for the performance of an act of devotion; formerly, the tomb of a martyr, or some similarly consecrated spot; now, especially, one of those representations of the successive stages of our Lord's passion which are often placed round the naves of large churches and by the side of the way leading to sacred edifices or shrines, and which are visited in rotation, stated services being performed at each; -- called also Stat>

Stationariness (n.) The quality or state of being stationary; fixity.

Stationary (n.) One who, or that which, is stationary, as a planet when apparently it has neither progressive nor retrograde motion.

Stationery (n.) The articles usually sold by stationers, as paper, pens, ink, quills, blank books, etc.

Statism (n.) The art of governing a state; statecraft; policy.

Statist (n.) A statesman; a politician; one skilled in government.

Statist (n.) A statistician.

Statistician (n.) One versed in statistics; one who collects and classifies facts for statistics.

Statistics (n.) The science which has to do with the collection and classification of certain facts respecting the condition of the people in a state.

Statistics (n.) Classified facts respecting the condition of the people in a state, their health, their longevity, domestic economy, arts, property, and political strength, their resources, the state of the country, etc., or respecting any particular class or interest; especially, those facts which can be stated in numbers, or in tables of numbers, or in any tabular and classified arrangement.

Statistics (n.) The branch of mathematics which studies methods for the calculation of probabilities.

Statistology (n.) See Statistics, 2.

Statoblast (n.) One of a peculiar kind of internal buds, or germs, produced in the interior of certain Bryozoa and sponges, especially in the fresh-water species; -- also called winter buds.

Statocracy (n.) Government by the state, or by political power, in distinction from government by ecclesiastical power.

Statua (n.) A statue.

Statuary (n.) One who practices the art of making statues.

Statuary (n.) The art of carving statues or images as representatives of real persons or things; a branch of sculpture.

Statuary (n.) A collection of statues; statues, collectively.

Statue (n.) The likeness of a living being sculptured or modeled in some solid substance, as marble, bronze, or wax; an image; as, a statue of Hercules, or of a lion.

Statue (n.) A portrait.

Statuette (n.) A small statue; -- usually applied to a figure much less than life size, especially when of marble or bronze, or of plaster or clay as a preparation for the marble or bronze, as distinguished from a figure in terra cotta or the like. Cf. Figurine.

Stature (n.) The natural height of an animal body; -- generally used of the human body.

Status (n.) State; condition; position of affairs.

Statute (n.) An act of the legislature of a state or country, declaring, commanding, or prohibiting something; a positive law; the written will of the legislature expressed with all the requisite forms of legislation; -- used in distinction fraom common law. See Common law, under Common, a.

Staurolite (n.) A mineral of a brown to black color occurring in prismatic crystals, often twinned so as to form groups resembling a cross. It is a silicate of aluminia and iron, and is generally found imbedded in mica schist. Called also granatite, and grenatite.

Stauroscope (n.) An optical instrument used in determining the position of the planes of light-vibration in sections of crystals.

Staurotide (n.) Staurolite.

Stave (n.) One of a number of narrow strips of wood, or narrow iron plates, placed edge to edge to form the sides, covering, or lining of a vessel or structure; esp., one of the strips which form the sides of a cask, a pail, etc.

Stave (n.) One of the cylindrical bars of a lantern wheel; one of the bars or rounds of a rack, a ladder, etc.

Stave (n.) A metrical portion; a stanza; a staff.

Stave (n.) The five horizontal and parallel

Stave (n.) To break in a stave or the staves of; to break a hole in; to burst; -- often with in; as, to stave a cask; to stave in a boat.

Stave (n.) To push, as with a staff; -- with off.

Stave (n.) To delay by force or craft; to drive away; -- usually with off; as, to stave off the execution of a project.

Stave (n.) To suffer, or cause, to be lost by breaking the cask.

Stave (n.) To furnish with staves or rundles.

Stave (n.) To render impervious or solid by driving with a calking iron; as, to stave lead, or the joints of pipes into which lead has been run.

Staves (n.) pl. of Staff.

Stavesacre (n.) A kind of larkspur (Delphinium Staphysagria), and its seeds, which are violently purgative and emetic. They are used as a parasiticide, and in the East for poisoning fish.

Stavewood (n.) A tall tree (Simaruba amara) growing in tropical America. It is one of the trees which yields quassia.

Staving (n.) A cassing or lining of staves; especially, one encircling a water wheel.

Stay (n.) A large, strong rope, employed to support a mast, by being extended from the head of one mast down to some other, or to some part of the vessel. Those which lead forward are called fore-and-aft stays; those which lead to the vessel's side are called backstays. See Illust. of Ship.

Stay (n.) That which serves as a prop; a support.

Stay (n.) A corset stiffened with whalebone or other material, worn by women, and rarely by men.

Stay (n.) Continuance in a place; abode for a space of time; sojourn; as, you make a short stay in this city.

Stay (n.) Cessation of motion or progression; stand; stop.

Stay (n.) Hindrance; let; check.

Stay (n.) Restraint of passion; moderation; caution; steadiness; sobriety.

Stay (n.) Strictly, a part in tension to hold the parts together, or stiffen them.

Stayedness (n.) Staidness.

Stayedness (n.) Solidity; weight.

Stayer (n.) One who upholds or supports that which props; one who, or that which, stays, stops, or restrains; also, colloquially, a horse, man, etc., that has endurance, an a race.

Staylace (n.) A lace for fastening stays.

Staymaker (n.) One whose occupation is to make stays.

Staynil (n.) The European starling.

Staysail (n.) Any sail extended on a stay.

Stayship (n.) A remora, -- fabled to stop ships by attaching itself to them.

Stead (n.) Place, or spot, in general.

Stead (n.) Place or room which another had, has, or might have.

Stead (n.) A frame on which a bed is laid; a bedstead.

Stead (n.) A farmhouse and offices.

Steadfastness (n.) The quality or state of being steadfast; firmness; fixedness; constancy.

Steadiness (n.) The quality or state of being steady.

Steading (n.) The brans, stables, cattle-yards, etc., of a farm; -- called also onstead, farmstead, farm offices, or farmery.

Steady (n.) Firm in standing or position; not tottering or shaking; fixed; firm.

Steady (n.) Constant in feeling, purpose, or pursuit; not fickle, changeable, or wavering; not easily moved or persuaded to alter a purpose; resolute; as, a man steady in his principles, in his purpose, or in the pursuit of an object.

Steady (n.) Regular; constant; undeviating; uniform; as, the steady course of the sun; a steady breeze of wind.

Steal (n.) A handle; a stale, or stele.

Stealer (n.) One who steals; a thief.

Stealer (n.) The endmost plank of a strake which stops short of the stem or stern.

Stealing (n.) The act of taking feloniously the personal property of another without his consent and knowledge; theft; larceny.

Stealing (n.) That which is stolen; stolen property; -- chiefly used in the plural.

Stealthiness (n.) The state, quality, or character of being stealthy; stealth.

Steam (n.) The elastic, aeriform fluid into which water is converted when heated to the boiling points; water in the state of vapor.

Steam (n.) The mist formed by condensed vapor; visible vapor; -- so called in popular usage.

Steam (n.) Any exhalation.

Steamboat (n.) A boat or vessel propelled by steam power; -- generally used of river or coasting craft, as distinguished from ocean steamers.

Steamboating (n.) The occupation or business of running a steamboat, or of transporting merchandise, passengers, etc., by steamboats.

Steamboating (n.) The shearing of a pile of books which are as yet uncovered, or out of boards.

Steamer (n.) A vessel propelled by steam; a steamship or steamboat.

Steamer (n.) A steam fire engine. See under Steam.

Steamer (n.) A road locomotive for use on common roads, as in agricultural operations.

Steamer (n.) A vessel in which articles are subjected to the action of steam, as in washing, in cookery, and in various processes of manufacture.

Steamer (n.) The steamer duck.

Steaminess (n.) The quality or condition of being steamy; vaporousness; mistness.

Steamship (n.) A ship or seagoing vessel propelled by the power of steam; a steamer.

Steaningp (n.) See Steening.

Steapsin (n.) An unorganized ferment or enzyme present in pancreatic juice. It decomposes neutral fats into glycerin and fatty acids.

Stearate (n.) A salt of stearic acid; as, ordinary soap consists largely of sodium or potassium stearates.

Stearin (n.) One of the constituents of animal fats and also of some vegetable fats, as the butter of cacao. It is especially characterized by its solidity, so that when present in considerable quantity it materially increases the hardness, or raises the melting point, of the fat, as in mutton tallow. Chemically, it is a compound of glyceryl with three molecules of stearic acid, and hence is technically called tristearin, or glyceryl tristearate.

Stearone (n.) The ketone of stearic acid, obtained as a white crystal

Stearoptene (n.) The more solid ingredient of certain volatile oils; -- contrasted with elaeoptene.

Stearrhea (n.) seborrhea.

Stearyl (n.) The hypothetical radical characteristic of stearic acid.

Steatite (n.) A massive variety of talc, of a grayish green or brown color. It forms extensive beds, and is quarried for fireplaces and for coarse utensils. Called also potstone, lard stone, and soapstone.

Steatitic (n.) Pertaining to, or of the nature of, steatite; containing or resembling steatite.

Steatoma (n.) A cyst containing matter like suet.

Steatopyga (n.) A remarkable accretion of fat upon the buttocks of Africans of certain tribes, especially of Hottentot women.

Stee (n.) A ladder.

Steed (n.) A horse, especially a spirited horse for state of war; -- used chiefly in poetry or stately prose.

Steel (n.) A variety of iron intermediate in composition and properties between wrought iron and cast iron (containing between one half of one per cent and one and a half per cent of carbon), and consisting of an alloy of iron with an iron carbide. Steel, unlike wrought iron, can be tempered, and retains magnetism. Its malleability decreases, and fusibility increases, with an increase in carbon.

Steel (n.) An instrument or implement made of steel

Steel (n.) A weapon, as a sword, dagger, etc.

Steel (n.) An instrument of steel (usually a round rod) for sharpening knives.

Steel (n.) A piece of steel for striking sparks from flint.

Steel (n.) Fig.: Anything of extreme hardness; that which is characterized by sternness or rigor.

Steel (n.) A chalybeate medicine.

Steel (n.) To overlay, point, or edge with steel; as, to steel a razor; to steel an ax.

Steel (n.) To make hard or strong; hence, to make insensible or obdurate.

Steel (n.) Fig.: To cause to resemble steel, as in smoothness, polish, or other qualities.

Steel (n.) To cover, as an electrotype plate, with a thin layer of iron by electrolysis. The iron thus deposited is very hard, like steel.

Steeler (n.) One who points, edges, or covers with steel.

Steeler (n.) Same as Stealer.

Steelhead (n.) A North Pacific salmon (Salmo Gairdneri) found from Northern California to Siberia; -- called also hardhead, and preesil.

Steelhead (n.) The ruddy duck.

Stee

Steeling (n.) The process of pointing, edging, or overlaying with steel; specifically, acierage. See Steel, v.

Steelyard (n.) A form of balance in which the body to be weighed is suspended from the shorter arm of a lever, which turns on a fulcrum, and a counterpoise is caused to slide upon the longer arm to produce equilibrium, its place upon this arm (which is notched or graduated) indicating the weight; a Roman balance; -- very commonly used also in the plural form, steelyards.

Steen (n.) A vessel of clay or stone.

Steen (n.) A wall of brick, stone, or cement, used as a lining, as of a well, cistern, etc.; a steening.

Steenbok (n.) Same as Steinbock.

Steening (n.) A lining made of brick, stone, or other hard material, as for a well.

Steenkirk (n.) Alt. of Steinkirk

Steinkirk (n.) A kind of neckcloth worn in a loose and disorderly fashion.

Steep (n.) Something steeped, or used in steeping; a fertilizing liquid to hasten the germination of seeds.

Steep (n.) A rennet bag.

Steep (n.) A precipitous place, hill, mountain, rock, or ascent; any elevated object sloping with a large angle to the plane of the horizon; a precipice.

Steeper (n.) A vessel, vat, or cistern, in which things are steeped.

Steepiness (n.) Steepness.

Steeple (n.) A spire; also, the tower and spire taken together; the whole of a structure if the roof is of spire form. See Spire.

Steeplechasing (n.) The act of riding steeple chases.

Steepness (n.) Quality or state of being steep; precipitous declivity; as, the steepnessof a hill or a roof.

Steepness (n.) Height; loftiness.

Steer (n.) To direct the course of; to guide; to govern; -- applied especially to a vessel in the water.

Steer (n.) A helmsman, a pilot.

Steerage (n.) The act or practice of steering, or directing; as, the steerage of a ship.

Steerage (n.) The effect of the helm on a ship; the manner in which an individual ship is affected by the helm.

Steerage (n.) The hinder part of a vessel; the stern.

Steerage (n.) Properly, the space in the after part of a vessel, under the cabin, but used generally to indicate any part of a vessel having the poorest accommodations and occupied by passengers paying the lowest rate of fare.

Steerage (n.) Direction; regulation; management; guidance.

Steerage (n.) That by which a course is directed.

Steerageway (n.) A rate of motion through the water sufficient to render a vessel governable by the helm.

Steerer (n.) One who steers; as, a boat steerer.

Steerling (n.) A young small steer.

Steersman (n.) One who steers; the helmsman of a vessel.

Steersmate (n.) One who steers; steersman.

Steeve (n.) The angle which a bowsprit makes with the horizon, or with the

Steeve (n.) A spar, with a block at one end, used in stowing cotton bales, and similar kinds of cargo which need to be packed tightly.

Steeving (n.) The act or practice of one who steeves.

Steeving (n.) See Steeve, n. (a).

Steg (n.) A gander.

Steganographist (n.) One skilled in steganography; a cryptographer.

Steganography (n.) The art of writing in cipher, or in characters which are not intelligible except to persons who have the key; cryptography.

Steganopod (n.) One of the Steganopodes.

Stegnosis (n.) Constipation; also, constriction of the vessels or ducts.

Stegnotic (n.) A stegnotic medicine; an astringent.

Stegosaurus (n.) A genus of large Jurassic dinosaurs remarkable for a powerful dermal armature of plates and spines.

Steinbock (n.) The European ibex.

Steinbock (n.) A small South African antelope (Nanotragus tragulus) which frequents dry, rocky districts; -- called also steenbok.

Steingale (n.) The stannel.

Steining (n.) See Steening.

Steinkirk (n.) Same as Steenkirk.

Steinkle (n.) The wheater.

Stela (n.) A small column or pillar, used as a monument, milestone, etc.

Stele (n.) Same as Stela.

Stele (n.) A stale, or handle; a stalk.

Stellation (n.) Radiation of light.

Steller (n.) The rytina; -- called also stellerine.

Stellerid (n.) A starfish.

Stelleridan (n.) Alt. of Stelleridean

Stelleridean (n.) A starfish, or brittle star.

Stellion (n.) A lizard (Stellio vulgaris), common about the Eastern Mediterranean among ruins. In color it is olive-green, shaded with black, with small stellate spots. Called also hardim, and star lizard.

Stellionate (n.) Any fraud not distinguished by a more special name; -- chiefly applied to sales of the same property to two different persons, or selling that for one's own which belongs to another, etc.

Stelography (n.) The art of writing or inscribing characters on pillars.

Stem (n.) Alt. of Steem

Steem (n.) A gleam of light; flame.

Stem (n.) The principal body of a tree, shrub, or plant, of any kind; the main stock; the part which supports the branches or the head or top.

Stem (n.) A little branch which connects a fruit, flower, or leaf with a main branch; a peduncle, pedicel, or petiole; as, the stem of an apple or a cherry.

Stem (n.) The stock of a family; a race or generation of progenitors.

Stem (n.) A branch of a family.

Stem (n.) A curved piece of timber to which the two sides of a ship are united at the fore end. The lower end of it is scarfed to the keel, and the bowsprit rests upon its upper end. Hence, the forward part of a vessel; the bow.

Stem (n.) Fig.: An advanced or leading position; the lookout.

Stem (n.) Anything resembling a stem or stalk; as, the stem of a tobacco pipe; the stem of a watch case, or that part to which the ring, by which it is suspended, is attached.

Stem (n.) That part of a plant which bears leaves, or rudiments of leaves, whether rising above ground or wholly subterranean.

Stem (n.) The entire central axis of a feather.

Stem (n.) The basal portion of the body of one of the Pennatulacea, or of a gorgonian.

Stem (n.) The short perpendicular

Stem (n.) The part of an inflected word which remains unchanged (except by euphonic variations) throughout a given inflection; theme; base.

Stemlet (n.) A small or young stem.

Stemma (n.) One of the ocelli of an insect. See Ocellus.

Stemma (n.) One of the facets of a compound eye of any arthropod.

Stemmer (n.) One who, or that which, stems (in any of the senses of the verbs).

Stemmery (n.) A large building in which tobacco is stemmed.

Stemple (n.) A crossbar of wood in a shaft, serving as a step.

Stemson (n.) A piece of curved timber bolted to the stem, keelson, and apron in a ship's frame near the bow.

Stem-winder (n.) A stem-winding watch.

Stench (n.) To cause to emit a disagreeable odor; to cause to stink.

Stencil (n.) A thin plate of metal, leather, or other material, used in painting, marking, etc. The pattern is cut out of the plate, which is then laid flat on the surface to be marked, and the color brushed over it. Called also stencil plate.

Stenciler (n.) One who paints or colors in figures by means of stencil.

Stenoderm (n.) Any species of bat belonging to the genus Stenoderma, native of the West Indies and South America. These bats have a short or rudimentary tail and a peculiarly shaped nose membrane.

Stenograph (n.) A production of stenography; anything written in shorthand.

Stenographer (n.) One who is skilled in stenography; a writer of shorthand.

Stenographist (n.) A stenographer.

Stenography (n.) The art of writing in shorthand, by using abbreviations or characters for whole words; shorthand.

Stenosis (n.) A narrowing of the opening or hollow of any passage, tube, or orifice; as, stenosis of the pylorus. It differs from stricture in being applied especially to diffused rather than localized contractions, and in always indicating an origin organic and not spasmodic.

Stent (n.) An allotted portion; a stint.

Stenting (n.) An opening in a wall in a coal mine.

Stentor (n.) A herald, in the Iliad, who had a very loud voice; hence, any person having a powerful voice.

Stentor (n.) Any species of ciliated Infusoria belonging to the genus Stentor and allied genera, common in fresh water. The stentors have a bell-shaped, or cornucopia-like, body with a circle of cilia around the spiral terminal disk. See Illust. under Heterotricha.

Stentor (n.) A howling monkey, or howler.

Stentorin (n.) A blue coloring matter found in some stentors. See Stentor, 2.

Stepbrother (n.) A brother by the marriage of one's father with the mother of another, or of one's mother with the father of another.

Stepchild (n.) A bereaved child; one who has lost father or mother.

Stepchild (n.) A son or daughter of one's wife or husband by a former marriage.

Stepdame (n.) A stepmother.

Stepdaughter (n.) A daughter of one's wife or husband by a former marriage.

Stepfather (n.) The husband of one's mother by a subsequent marriage.

Stephanion (n.) The point on the side of the skull where the temporal

Stephanite (n.) A sulphide of antimony and silver of an iron-black color and metallic luster; called also black silver, and brittle silver ore.

Stephanotis (n.) A genus of climbing asclepiadaceous shrubs, of Madagascar, Malaya, etc. They have fleshy or coriaceous opposite leaves, and large white waxy flowers in cymes.

Stephanotis (n.) A perfume said to be prepared from the flowers of Stephanotis floribunda.

Stepladder (n.) A portable set of steps.

Stepmother (n.) The wife of one's father by a subsequent marriage.

Stepparent (n.) Stepfather or stepmother.

Steppe (n.) One of the vast plains in Southeastern Europe and in Asia, generally elevated, and free from wood, analogous to many of the prairies in Western North America. See Savanna.

Stepper (n.) One who, or that which, steps; as, a quick stepper.

Stepping-stone (n.) A stone to raise the feet above the surface of water or mud in walking.

Stepping-stone (n.) Fig.: A means of progress or advancement.

Stepsister (n.) A daughter of one's stepfather or stepmother by a former marriage.

Stepson (n.) A son of one's husband or wife by a former marriage.

Stepstone (n.) A stone laid before a door as a stair to rise on in entering the house.

Stercobilin (n.) A coloring matter found in the faeces, a product of the alteration of the bile pigments in the intestinal canal, -- identical with hydrobilirubin.

Stercolin (n.) Same as Serolin (b).

Stercoranism (n.) The doctrine or belief of the Stercoranists.

Stercoranist (n.) A nickname formerly given to those who held, or were alleged to hold, that the consecrated elements in the eucharist undergo the process of digestion in the body of the recipient.

Stercorarian (n.) A Stercoranist.

Stercorary (n.) A place, properly secured from the weather, for containing dung.

Stercorate (n.) Excrement; dung.

Stercoration (n.) Manuring with dung.

Stercorianism (n.) The doctrine or belief of the Stercoranists.

Stercorin (n.) Same as Serolin (b).

Stercory (n.) Excrement; dung.

Stere (n.) A unit of cubic measure in the metric system, being a cubic meter, or kiloliter, and equal to 35.3 cubic feet, or nearly 1/ cubic yards.

Stere (n.) A rudder. See 5th Steer.

Stere (n.) Helmsman. See 6th Steer.

Stereobate (n.) The lower part or basement of a building or pedestal; -- used loosely for several different forms of basement.

Stereo-chemistry (n.) Chemistry considered with reference to the space relations of atoms.

Stereochrome (n.) Stereochromic picture.

Stereochromy (n.) A style of painting on plastered walls or stone, in which the colors are rendered permanent by sprinklings of water, in which is mixed a proportion of soluble glass (a silicate of soda).

Stereogram (n.) A diagram or picture which represents objects in such a way as to give the impression of relief or solidity; also, a stereograph.

Stereograph (n.) Any picture, or pair of pictures, prepared for exhibition in the stereoscope. Stereographs are now commonly made by means of photography.

Stereography (n.) The art of de

Stereometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the solid contents of a body, or the capacity of a vessel; a volumenometer.

Stereometer (n.) An instrument for determining the specific gravity of liquid bodies, porous bodies, and powders, as well as solids.

Stereometry (n.) The art of measuring and computing the cubical contents of bodies and figures; -- distinguished from planimetry.

Stereomonoscope (n.) An instrument with two lenses, by which an image of a single picture projected upon a screen of ground glass is made to present an appearance of relief, and may be viewed by several persons at once.

Stereoplasm (n.) The solid or insoluble portion of the cell protoplasm. See Hygroplasm.

Stereopticon (n.) An instrument, consisting essentially of a magic lantern in which photographic pictures are used, by which the image of a landscape, or any object, may be thrown upon a screen in such a manner as to seem to stand out in relief, so as to form a striking and accurate representation of the object itself; also, a pair of magic lanterns for producing the effect of dissolving views.

Stereoscope (n.) An optical instrument for giving to pictures the appearance of solid forms, as seen in nature. It combines in one, through a bending of the rays of light, two pictures, taken for the purpose from points of view a little way apart. It is furnished with two eyeglasses, and by refraction or reflection the pictures are superimposed, so as to appear as one to the observer.

Stereoscopist (n.) One skilled in the use or construction of stereoscopes.

Stereoscopy (n.) The art or science of using the stereoscope, or of constructing the instrument or the views used with it.

Stereotomy (n.) The science or art of cutting solids into certain figures or sections, as arches, and the like; especially, the art of stonecutting.

Stereotype (n.) A plate forming an exact faximile of a page of type or of an engraving, used in printing books, etc.; specifically, a plate with type-metal face, used for printing.

Stereotype (n.) The art or process of making such plates, or of executing work by means of them.

Stereotyper (n.) One who stereotypes; one who makes stereotype plates, or works in a stereotype foundry.

Stereotypery (n.) The art, process, or employment of making stereotype plates.

Stereotypery (n.) A place where stereotype plates are made; a stereotype foundry.

Stereotypist (n.) A stereotyper.

Stereotypographer (n.) A stereotype printer.

Stereotypography (n.) The act or art of printing from stereotype plates.

Stereotypy (n.) The art or process of making stereotype plates.

Sterility (n.) The quality or condition of being sterile.

Sterility (n.) Quality of being sterile; infecundity; also, the state of being free from germs or spores.

Sterilization (n.) The act or process of sterilizing, or rendering sterile; also, the state of being sterile.

Sterlet (n.) A small sturgeon (Acipenser ruthenus) found in the Caspian Sea and its rivers, and highly esteemed for its flavor. The finest caviare is made from its roe.

Sterling (n.) Same as Starling, 3.

Sterling (n.) Any English coin of standard value; coined money.

Sterling (n.) A certain standard of quality or value for money.

Stern (n.) The black tern.

Sternage (n.) Stern.

Sternbergite (n.) A sulphide of silver and iron, occurring in soft flexible laminae varying in color from brown to black.

Sternebra (n.) One of the segments of the sternum.

Sterner (n.) A director.

Sternite (n.) The sternum of an arthropod somite.

Sternness (n.) The quality or state of being stern.

Sternpost (n.) A straight piece of timber, or an iron bar or beam, erected on the extremity of the keel to support the rudder, and receive the ends of the planks or plates of the vessel.

Sternsman (n.) A steersman.

Sternson (n.) The end of a ship's keelson, to which the sternpost is bolted; -- called also stern knee.

Sternum (n.) A plate of cartilage, or a series of bony or cartilaginous plates or segments, in the median

Sternum (n.) The ventral part of any one of the somites of an arthropod.

Sternutation (n.) The act of sneezing.

Sternutatory (n.) A sternutatory substance or medicine.

Sternway (n.) The movement of a ship backward, or with her stern foremost.

Stern-wheeler (n.) A steamboat having a stern wheel instead of side wheels.

Sterre (n.) A star.

Sterrink (n.) The crab-eating seal (Lobodon carcinophaga) of the Antarctic Ocean.

Sterrometal (n.) Any alloy of copper, zinc, tin, and iron, of which cannon are sometimes made.

Stethal (n.) One of the higher alcohols of the methane series, homologous with ethal, and found in small quantities as an ethereal salt of stearic acid in spermaceti.

Stethograph (n.) See Pneumatograph.

Stethometer (n.) An apparatus for measuring the external movements of a given point of the chest wall, during respiration; -- also called thoracometer.

Stethoscope (n.) An instrument used in auscultation for examining the organs of the chest, as the heart and lungs, by conveying to the ear of the examiner the sounds produced in the thorax.

Stethoscopist (n.) One skilled in the use of the stethoscope.

Stethoscopy (n.) The art or process of examination by the stethoscope.

Stevedore (n.) One whose occupation is to load and unload vessels in port; one who stows a cargo in a hold.

Steven (n.) Voice; speech; language.

Steven (n.) An outcry; a loud call; a clamor.

Stew (n.) A small pond or pool where fish are kept for the table; a vivarium.

Stew (n.) An artificial bed of oysters.

Steward (n.) A man employed in a large family, or on a large estate, to manage the domestic concerns, supervise other servants, collect the rents or income, keep accounts, and the like.

Steward (n.) A person employed in a hotel, or a club, or on board a ship, to provide for the table, superintend the culinary affairs, etc. In naval vessels, the captain's steward, wardroom steward, steerage steward, warrant officers steward, etc., are petty officers who provide for the messes under their charge.

Steward (n.) A fiscal agent of certain bodies; as, a steward in a Methodist church.

Steward (n.) In some colleges, an officer who provides food for the students and superintends the kitchen; also, an officer who attends to the accounts of the students.

Steward (n.) In Scotland, a magistrate appointed by the crown to exercise jurisdiction over royal lands.

Stewardess (n.) A female steward; specifically, a woman employed in passenger vessels to attend to the wants of female passengers.

Stewardship (n.) The office of a steward.

Stewartry (n.) An overseer or superintendent.

Stewartry (n.) The office of a steward; stewardship.

Stewartry (n.) In Scotland, the jurisdiction of a steward; also, the lands under such jurisdiction.

Stewpan (n.) A pan used for stewing.

Stewpot (n.) A pot used for stewing.

Stey (n.) See Stee.

Stiacciato (n.) The lowest relief, -- often used in Italian sculpture of the 15th and 16th centuries.

Stian (n.) A sty on the eye. See Styan.

Stibialism (n.) Antimonial intoxication or poisoning.

Stibiconite (n.) A native oxide of antimony occurring in masses of a yellow color.

Stibine (n.) Antimony hydride, or hydrogen antimonide, a colorless gas produced by the action of nascent hydrogen on antimony. It has a characteristic odor and burns with a characteristic greenish flame. Formerly called also antimoniureted hydrogen.

Stibium (n.) The technical name of antimony.

Stibium (n.) Stibnite.

Stibnite (n.) A mineral of a lead-gray color and brilliant metallic luster, occurring in prismatic crystals; sulphide of antimony; -- called also antimony glance, and gray antimony.

Stibonium (n.) The hypothetical radical SbH4, analogous to ammonium; -- called also antimonium.

Sticcado (n.) An instrument consisting of small bars of wood, flat at the bottom and rounded at the top, and resting on the edges of a kind of open box. They are unequal in size, gradually increasing from the smallest to the largest, and are tuned to the diatonic scale. The tones are produced by striking the pieces of wood with hard balls attached to flexible sticks.

Stich (n.) A verse, of whatever measure or number of feet.

Stich (n.) A

Stich (n.) A row,

Stichidium (n.) A special podlike or fusiform branch containing tetraspores. It is found in certain red algae.

Stichomancy (n.) Divination by

Stichometry (n.) Measurement of books by the number of

Stichometry (n.) Division of the text of a book into

Stichwort (n.) A kind of chickweed (Stellaria Holostea).

Stick (n.) To penetrate with a pointed instrument; to pierce; to stab; hence, to kill by piercing; as, to stick a beast.

Stick (n.) To cause to penetrate; to push, thrust, or drive, so as to pierce; as, to stick a needle into one's finger.

Stick (n.) To fasten, attach, or cause to remain, by thrusting in; hence, also, to adorn or deck with things fastened on as by piercing; as, to stick a pin on the sleeve.

Stick (n.) To set; to fix in; as, to stick card teeth.

Stick (n.) To set with something pointed; as, to stick cards.

Stick (n.) To fix on a pointed instrument; to impale; as, to stick an apple on a fork.

Stick (n.) To attach by causing to adhere to the surface; as, to stick on a plaster; to stick a stamp on an envelope; also, to attach in any manner.

Stick (n.) To compose; to set, or arrange, in a composing stick; as, to stick type.

Stick (n.) To run or plane (moldings) in a machine, in contradistinction to working them by hand. Such moldings are said to be stuck.

Stick (n.) To cause to stick; to bring to a stand; to pose; to puzzle; as, to stick one with a hard problem.

Stick (n.) To impose upon; to compel to pay; sometimes, to cheat.

Sticker (n.) One who, or that which, sticks; as, a bill sticker.

Sticker (n.) That which causes one to stick; that which puzzles or poses.

Sticker (n.) In the organ, a small wooden rod which connects (in part) a key and a pallet, so as to communicate motion by pushing.

Sticker (n.) Same as Paster, 2.

Stickful (n.) As much set type as fills a composing stick.

Stickiness (n.) The quality of being sticky; as, the stickiness of glue or paste.

Stick-lac (n.) See the Note under Lac.

Stick-seed (n.) A plant (Echinospermum Lappula) of the Borage family, with small blue flowers and prickly nutlets.

Sticktail (n.) The ruddy duck.

Stick-tight (n.) Beggar's ticks.

Stiddy (n.) An anvil; also, a smith shop. See Stithy.

Stiffener (n.) One who, or that which, stiffens anything, as a piece of stiff cloth in a cravat.

Stiffening (n.) Act or process of making stiff.

Stiffening (n.) Something used to make anything stiff.

Stiff-neckedness (n.) The quality or state of being stiff-necked; stubbornness.

Stiffness (n.) The quality or state of being stiff; as, the stiffness of cloth or of paste; stiffness of manner; stiffness of character.

Stifftail (n.) The ruddy duck.

Stifle (n.) The joint next above the hock, and near the flank, in the hind leg of the horse and allied animals; the joint corresponding to the knee in man; -- called also stifle joint. See Illust. under Horse.

Stifler (n.) One who, or that which, stifles.

Stifler (n.) See Camouflet.

Stigmaria (n.) The fossil root stem of a coal plant of the genus Sigillaria.

Stigmata (n.) pl. of Stigma.

Stigmatic (n.) A notorious profligate or criminal who has been branded; one who bears the marks of infamy or punishment.

Stigmatic (n.) A person who is marked or deformed by nature.

Stigmatic (n.) A person bearing the wounds on the hands and feet resembling those of Jesus Christ caused by His crucifixion; -- for true stigmantics the wounds are supposed to have been caused miraculously, as a sign of great ho

Stigmatist (n.) One believed to be supernaturally impressed with the marks of Christ's wounds. See Stigma, 8.

Stigmatization (n.) The act of stigmatizing.

Stigmatization (n.) The production of stigmata upon the body. See Stigma, 8.

Stigonomancy (n.) Divination by writing on the bark of a tree.

Stike (n.) Stanza.

Stilbene (n.) A hydrocarbon, C14H12, produced artificially in large, fine crystals; -- called also diphenyl ethylene, toluylene, etc.

Stilbite (n.) A common mineral of the zeolite family, a hydrous silicate of alumina and lime, usually occurring in sheaflike aggregations of crystals, also in radiated masses. It is of a white or yellowish color, with pearly luster on the cleavage surface. Called also desmine.

Stile (n.) A pin set on the face of a dial, to cast a shadow; a style. See Style.

Stile (n.) Mode of composition. See Style.

Stilet (n.) A stiletto.

Stilet (n.) See Stylet, 2.

Stiletto (n.) A kind of dagger with a slender, rounded, and pointed blade.

Stiletto (n.) A pointed instrument for making eyelet holes in embroidery.

Stiletto (n.) A beard trimmed into a pointed form.

Still (n.) Freedom from noise; calm; silence; as, the still of midnight.

Still (n.) A steep hill or ascent.

Stillage (n.) A low stool to keep the goods from touching the floor.

Stillbirth (n.) The birth of a dead fetus.

Stiller (n.) One who stills, or quiets.

Stillhouse (n.) A house in which distillation is carried on; a distillery.

Still-hunt (n.) A hunting for game in a quiet and cautious manner, or under cover; stalking; hence, colloquially, the pursuit of any object quietly and cautiously.

Stillicide (n.) A continual falling or succession of drops; rain water falling from the eaves.

Stilling (n.) A stillion.

Stillion (n.) A stand, as for casks or vats in a brewery, or for pottery while drying.

Stillness (n.) The quality or state of being still; quietness; silence; calmness; inactivity.

Stillness (n.) Habitual silence or quiet; taciturnity.

Stillroom (n.) A room for distilling.

Stillroom (n.) An apartment in a house where liquors, preserves, and the like, are kept.

Stillstand (n.) A standstill.

Stilpnomelane (n.) A black or greenish black mineral occurring in foliated flates, also in velvety bronze-colored incrustations. It is a hydrous silicate of iron and alumina.

Stilt (n.) A pole, or piece of wood, constructed with a step or loop to raise the foot above the ground in walking. It is sometimes lashed to the leg, and sometimes prolonged upward so as to be steadied by the hand or arm.

Stilt (n.) A crutch; also, the handle of a plow.

Stilt (n.) Any species of limico

Stiltbird (n.) See Stilt, n., 3.

Stime (n.) A slight gleam or glimmer; a glimpse.

Stimulant (n.) That which stimulates, provokes, or excites.

Stimulant (n.) An agent which produces a temporary increase of vital activity in the organism, or in any of its parts; -- sometimes used without qualification to signify an alcoholic beverage used as a stimulant.

Stimulation (n.) The act of stimulating, or the state of being stimulated.

Stimulation (n.) The irritating action of various agents (stimuli) on muscles, nerves, or a sensory end organ, by which activity is evoked; especially, the nervous impulse produced by various agents on nerves, or a sensory end organ, by which the part connected with the nerve is thrown into a state of activity; irritation.

Stimulative (n.) That which stimulates.

Stimulator (n.) One who stimulates.

Stimulatress (n.) A woman who stimulates.

Stimulism (n.) The theory of medical practice which regarded life as dependent upon stimulation, or excitation, and disease as caused by excess or deficiency in the amount of stimulation.

Stimulism (n.) The practice of treating disease by alcoholic stimulants.

Stingaree (n.) Any sting ray. See under 6th Ray.

Stingbull (n.) The European greater weever fish (Trachinus draco), which is capable of inflicting severe wounds with the spinous rays of its dorsal fin. See Weever.

Stinger (n.) One who, or that which, stings.

Stingfish (n.) The weever.

Stinginess (n.) The quality or state of being stingy.

Stingo (n.) Old beer; sharp or strong liquor.

Stingtail (n.) A sting ray.

Stink (n.) A strong, offensive smell; a disgusting odor; a stench.

Stinkard (n.) A mean, stinking, paltry fellow.

Stinkard (n.) The teledu of the East Indies. It emits a disagreeable odor.

Stinkball (n.) A composition of substances which in combustion emit a suffocating odor; -- used formerly in naval warfare.

Stinker (n.) One who, or that which, stinks.

Stinker (n.) Any one of the several species of large antarctic petrels which feed on blubber and carrion and have an offensive odor, as the giant fulmar.

Stinkhorn (n.) A kind of fungus of the genus Phallus, which emits a fetid odor.

Stinkpot (n.) An earthen jar charged with powder, grenades, and other materials of an offensive and suffocating smell, -- sometimes used in boarding an enemy's vessel.

Stinkpot (n.) A vessel in which disinfectants are burned.

Stinkpot (n.) The musk turtle, or musk tortoise. See under Musk.

Stinkstone (n.) One of the varieties of calcite, barite, and feldspar, which emit a fetid odor on being struck; -- called also swinestone.

Stinkweed (n.) Stramonium. See Jamestown weed, and Datura.

Stinkwood (n.) A name given to several kinds of wood with an unpleasant smell, as that of the Foetidia Mauritiana of the Mauritius, and that of the South African Ocotea bullata.

Stint (n.) Any one of several species of small sandpipers, as the sanderling of Europe and America, the dunlin, the little stint of India (Tringa minuta), etc. Called also pume.

Stint (n.) A phalarope.

Stintance (n.) Restraint; stoppage.

Stintedness (n.) The state of being stinted.

Stinter (n.) One who, or that which, stints.

Stipe (n.) The stalk or petiole of a frond, as of a fern.

Stipe (n.) The stalk of a pistil.

Stipe (n.) The trunk of a tree.

Stipe (n.) The stem of a fungus or mushroom.

Stipel (n.) The stipule of a leaflet.

Stipend (n.) Settled pay or compensation for services, whether paid daily, monthly, or annually.

Stipendiary (n.) One who receives a stipend.

Stipes (n.) The second joint of a maxilla of an insect or a crustacean.

Stipes (n.) An eyestalk.

Stipple (n.) Alt. of Stippling

Stippling (n.) A mode of execution which produces the effect by dots or small points instead of

Stippling (n.) A mode of execution in which a flat or even tint is produced by many small touches.

Stipula (n.) A stipule.

Stipula (n.) A newly sprouted feather.

Stipulation (n.) The act of stipulating; a contracting or bargaining; an agreement.

Stipulation (n.) That which is stipulated, or agreed upon; that which is definitely arranged or contracted; an agreement; a covenant; a contract or bargain; also, any particular article, item, or condition, in a mutual agreement; as, the stipulations of the allied powers to furnish each his contingent of troops.

Stipulation (n.) A material article of an agreement; an undertaking in the nature of bail taken in the admiralty courts; a bargain.

Stipulation (n.) The situation, arrangement, and structure of the stipules.

Stipulator (n.) One who stipulates, contracts, or covenants.

Stipule (n.) An appendage at the base of petioles or leaves, usually somewhat resembling a small leaf in texture and appearance.

Stir (n.) The act or result of stirring; agitation; tumult; bustle; noise or various movements.

Stir (n.) Public disturbance or commotion; tumultuous disorder; seditious uproar.

Stir (n.) Agitation of thoughts; conflicting passions.

Stirabout (n.) A dish formed of oatmeal boiled in water to a certain consistency and frequently stirred, or of oatmeal and dripping mixed together and stirred about in a pan; a hasty pudding.

Stirk (n.) A young bullock or heifer.

Stirp (n.) Stock; race; family.

Stirpiculture (n.) The breeding of special stocks or races.

Stirps (n.) Stock; race; family.

Stirps (n.) A race, or a fixed and permanent variety.

Stirrage (n.) The act of stirring; stir; commotion.

Stirrer (n.) One who, or that which, stirs something; also, one who moves about, especially after sleep; as, an early stirrer.

Stitchel (n.) A kind of hairy wool.

Stitcher (n.) One who stitches; a seamstress.

Stitchery (n.) Needlework; -- in contempt.

Stitching (n.) The act of one who stitches.

Stitching (n.) Work done by sewing, esp. when a continuous

Stitchwort (n.) See Stichwort.

Stith (n.) An anvil; a stithy.

Stithy (n.) An anvil.

Stithy (n.) A smith's shop; a smithy; a smithery; a forge.

Stive (n.) The floating dust in flour mills caused by the operation or grinding.

Stiver (n.) A Dutch coin, and money of account, of the value of two cents, or about one penny sterling; hence, figuratively, anything of little worth.

Stoat (n.) The ermine in its summer pelage, when it is reddish brown, but with a black tip to the tail. The name is sometimes applied also to other brown weasels.

Stocah (n.) A menial attendant.

Stoccado (n.) A stab; a thrust with a rapier.

Stock (n.) The stem, or main body, of a tree or plant; the fixed, strong, firm part; the trunk.

Stock (n.) The stem or branch in which a graft is inserted.

Stock (n.) A block of wood; something fixed and solid; a pillar; a firm support; a post.

Stock (n.) Hence, a person who is as dull and lifeless as a stock or post; one who has little sense.

Stock (n.) The principal supporting part; the part in which others are inserted, or to which they are attached.

Stock (n.) The wood to which the barrel, lock, etc., of a musket or like firearm are secured; also, a long, rectangular piece of wood, which is an important part of several forms of gun carriage.

Stock (n.) The handle or contrivance by which bits are held in boring; a bitstock; a brace.

Stock (n.) The block of wood or metal frame which constitutes the body of a plane, and in which the plane iron is fitted; a plane stock.

Stock (n.) The wooden or iron crosspiece to which the shank of an anchor is attached. See Illust. of Anchor.

Stock (n.) The support of the block in which an anvil is fixed, or of the anvil itself.

Stock (n.) A handle or wrench forming a holder for the dies for cutting screws; a diestock.

Stock (n.) The part of a tally formerly struck in the exchequer, which was delivered to the person who had lent the king money on account, as the evidence of indebtedness. See Counterfoil.

Stock (n.) The original progenitor; also, the race or

Stock (n.) Money or capital which an individual or a firm employs in business; fund; in the United States, the capital of a bank or other company, in the form of transferable shares, each of a certain amount; money funded in government securities, called also the public funds; in the plural, property consisting of shares in joint-stock companies, or in the obligations of a government for its funded debt; -- so in the United States, but in England the latter only are called stocks, and the f>

Stock (n.) Same as Stock account, below.

Stock (n.) Supply provided; store; accumulation; especially, a merchant's or manufacturer's store of goods; as, to lay in a stock of provisions.

Stock (n.) Domestic animals or beasts collectively, used or raised on a farm; as, a stock of cattle or of sheep, etc.; -- called also live stock.

Stock (n.) That portion of a pack of cards not distributed to the players at the beginning of certain games, as gleek, etc., but which might be drawn from afterward as occasion required; a bank.

Stock (n.) A thrust with a rapier; a stoccado.

Stock (n.) A covering for the leg, or leg and foot; as, upper stocks (breeches); nether stocks (stockings).

Stock (n.) A kind of stiff, wide band or cravat for the neck; as, a silk stock.

Stock (n.) A frame of timber, with holes in which the feet, or the feet and hands, of criminals were formerly confined by way of punishment.

Stock (n.) The frame or timbers on which a ship rests while building.

Stock (n.) Red and gray bricks, used for the exterior of walls and the front of buildings.

Stock (n.) Any cruciferous plant of the genus Matthiola; as, common stock (Matthiola incana) (see Gilly-flower); ten-weeks stock (M. annua).

Stock (n.) An irregular metalliferous mass filling a large cavity in a rock formation, as a stock of lead ore deposited in limestone.

Stock (n.) A race or variety in a species.

Stock (n.) In tectology, an aggregate or colony of persons (see Person), as trees, chains of salpae, etc.

Stock (n.) The beater of a fulling mill.

Stock (n.) A liquid or jelly containing the juices and soluble parts of meat, and certain vegetables, etc., extracted by cooking; -- used in making soup, gravy, etc.

Stockbroker (n.) A broker who deals in stocks.

Stockdove (n.) A common European wild pigeon (Columba aenas), so called because at one time believed to be the stock of the domestic pigeon, or, according to some, from its breeding in the stocks, or trunks, of trees.

Stocker (n.) One who makes or fits stocks, as of guns or gun carriages, etc.

Stockfish (n.) Salted and dried fish, especially codfish, hake, ling, and torsk; also, codfish dried without being salted.

Stockfish (n.) Young fresh cod.

Stockholder (n.) One who is a holder or proprietor of stock in the public funds, or in the funds of a bank or other stock company.

Stockinet (n.) An elastic textile fabric imitating knitting, of which stockings, under-garments, etc., are made.

Stocking (n.) A close-fitting covering for the foot and leg, usually knit or woven.

Stockinger (n.) A stocking weaver.

Stockjobber (n.) One who speculates in stocks for gain; one whose occupation is to buy and sell stocks. In England a jobber acts as an intermediary between brokers.

Stockjobbing (n.) The act or art of dealing in stocks; the business of a stockjobber.

Stockman (n.) A herdsman; a ranchman; one owning, or having charge of, herds of live stock.

Stockwork (n.) A system of working in ore, etc., when it lies not in strata or veins, but in solid masses, so as to be worked in chambers or stories.

Stockwork (n.) A metalliferous deposit characterized by the impregnation of the mass of rock with many small veins or nests irregularly grouped. This kind of deposit is especially common with tin ore. Such deposits are worked in floors or stories.

Stoechiology (n.) Alt. of Stoechiometry

Stoechiometry (n.) See Stoichiology, Stoichiometry, etc.

Stoic (n.) A disciple of the philosopher Zeno; one of a Greek sect which held that men should be free from passion, unmoved by joy or grief, and should submit without complaint to unavoidable necessity, by which all things are governed.

Stoic (n.) Hence, a person not easily excited; an apathetic person; one who is apparently or professedly indifferent to pleasure or pain.

Stoic (n.) Alt. of Stoical

Stoical (n.) Of or pertaining to the Stoics; resembling the Stoics or their doctrines.

Stoical (n.) Not affected by passion; manifesting indifference to pleasure or pain.

Stoichiology (n.) That part of the science of physiology which treats of the elements, or principles, composing animal tissues.

Stoichiology (n.) The doctrine of the elementary requisites of mere thought.

Stoichiology (n.) The statement or discussion of the first principles of any science or art.

Stoichiometry (n.) The art or process of calculating the atomic proportions, combining weights, and other numerical relations of chemical elements and their compounds.

Stoicism (n.) The opinions and maxims of the Stoics.

Stoicism (n.) A real or pretended indifference to pleasure or pain; insensibility; impassiveness.

Stoicity (n.) Stoicism.

Stokehole (n.) The mouth to the grate of a furnace; also, the space in front of the furnace, where the stokers stand.

Stola (n.) A long garment, descending to the ankles, worn by Roman women.

Stole (n.) A stolon.

Stole (n.) A long, loose garment reaching to the feet.

Stole (n.) A narrow band of silk or stuff, sometimes enriched with embroidery and jewels, worn on the left shoulder of deacons, and across both shoulders of bishops and priests, pendent on each side nearly to the ground. At Mass, it is worn crossed on the breast by priests. It is used in various sacred functions.

Stolidity (n.) The state or quality of being stolid; dullness of intellect; obtuseness; stupidity.

Stolidness (n.) Same as Stolidity.

Stolon (n.) A trailing branch which is disposed to take root at the end or at the joints; a stole.

Stolon (n.) An extension of the integument of the body, or of the body wall, from which buds are developed, giving rise to new zooids, and thus forming a compound animal in which the zooids usually remain united by the stolons. Such stolons are often present in Anthozoa, Hydroidea, Bryozoa, and social ascidians. See Illust. under Scyphistoma.

Stoma (n.) One of the minute apertures between the cells in many serous membranes.

Stoma (n.) The minute breathing pores of leaves or other organs opening into the intercellular spaces, and usually bordered by two contractile cells.

Stoma (n.) The

Stoma (n.) A stigma. See Stigma, n., 6 (a) & (b).

Stomach (n.) An enlargement, or series of enlargements, in the anterior part of the alimentary canal, in which food is digested; any cavity in which digestion takes place in an animal; a digestive cavity. See Digestion, and Gastric juice, under Gastric.

Stomach (n.) The desire for food caused by hunger; appetite; as, a good stomach for roast beef.

Stomach (n.) Hence appetite in general; inclination; desire.

Stomach (n.) Violence of temper; anger; sullenness; resentment; willful obstinacy; stubbornness.

Stomach (n.) Pride; haughtiness; arrogance.

Stomachal (n.) A stomachic.

Stomacher (n.) One who stomachs.

Stomacher (n.) An ornamental covering for the breast, worn originally both by men and women. Those worn by women were often richly decorated.

Stomachic (n.) A medicine that strengthens the stomach and excites its action.

Stomaching (n.) Resentment.

Stomapod (n.) One of the Stomapoda.

Stomate (n.) A stoma.

Stomatic (n.) A medicine for diseases of the mouth.

Stomatitis (n.) Inflammation of the mouth.

Stomatodaeum (n.) Same as Stomodaeum.

Stomatode (n.) One of the Stomatoda.

Stomatopod (n.) One of the Stomatopoda.

Stomatoscope (n.) An apparatus for examining the interior of the mouth.

Stomodaeum (n.) A part of the alimentary canal. See under Mesenteron.

Stomodaeum (n.) The primitive mouth and esophagus of the embryo of annelids and arthropods.

Stond (n.) Stop; halt; hindrance.

Stond (n.) A stand; a post; a station.

Stone (n.) Concreted earthy or mineral matter; also, any particular mass of such matter; as, a house built of stone; the boy threw a stone; pebbles are rounded stones.

Stone (n.) A precious stone; a gem.

Stone (n.) Something made of stone. Specifically: -

Stone (n.) The glass of a mirror; a mirror.

Stone (n.) A monument to the dead; a gravestone.

Stone (n.) A calculous concretion, especially one in the kidneys or bladder; the disease arising from a calculus.

Stone (n.) One of the testes; a testicle.

Stone (n.) The hard endocarp of drupes; as, the stone of a cherry or peach. See Illust. of Endocarp.

Stone (n.) A weight which legally is fourteen pounds, but in practice varies with the article weighed.

Stone (n.) Fig.: Symbol of hardness and insensibility; torpidness; insensibility; as, a heart of stone.

Stone (n.) A stand or table with a smooth, flat top of stone, commonly marble, on which to arrange the pages of a book, newspaper, etc., before printing; -- called also imposing stone.

Stone (n.) To pelt, beat, or kill with stones.

Stone (n.) To make like stone; to harden.

Stone (n.) To free from stones; also, to remove the seeds of; as, to stone a field; to stone cherries; to stone raisins.

Stone (n.) To wall or face with stones; to

Stone (n.) To rub, scour, or sharpen with a stone.

Stonebird (n.) The yellowlegs; -- called also stone snipe. See Tattler, 2.

Stonebow (n.) A kind of crossbow formerly used for shooting stones.

Stonebrash (n.) A subsoil made up of small stones or finely-broken rock; brash.

Stonebrearer (n.) A machine for crushing or hammering stone.

Stonebuck (n.) See Steinbock.

Stonechat (n.) A small, active, and very common European singing bird (Pratincola rubicola); -- called also chickstone, stonechacker, stonechatter, stoneclink, stonesmith.

Stonechat (n.) The wheatear.

Stonechat (n.) The blue titmouse.

Stonecray (n.) A distemper in hawks.

Stonecrop (n.) A sort of tree.

Stonecrop (n.) Any low succulent plant of the genus Sedum, esp. Sedum acre, which is common on bare rocks in Europe, and is spreading in parts of America. See Orpine.

Stonecutter (n.) One whose occupation is to cut stone; also, a machine for dressing stone.

Stonecutting (n.) Hewing or dressing stone.

Stonegall (n.) See Stannel.

Stonehatch (n.) The ring plover, or dotterel.

Stonehenge (n.) An assemblage of upright stones with others placed horizontally on their tops, on Salisbury Plain, England, -- generally supposed to be the remains of an ancient Druidical temple.

Stone-horse (n.) Stallion.

Stoner (n.) One who stones; one who makes an assault with stones.

Stoner (n.) One who walls with stones.

Stoneroot (n.) A North American plant (Collinsonia Canadensis) having a very hard root; horse balm. See Horse balm, under Horse.

Stonerunner (n.) The ring plover, or the ringed dotterel.

Stonerunner (n.) The dotterel.

Stonesmickle (n.) The stonechat; -- called also stonesmitch.

Stoneware (n.) A species of coarse potter's ware, glazed and baked.

Stoneweed (n.) Any plant of the genus Lithospermum, herbs having a fruit composed of four stony nutlets.

Stonework (n.) Work or wall consisting of stone; mason's work of stone.

Stonewort (n.) Any plant of the genus Chara; -- so called because they are often incrusted with carbonate of lime. See Chara.

Stoniness (n.) The quality or state of being stony.

Stook (n.) A small collection of sheaves set up in the field; a shock; in England, twelve sheaves.

Stool (n.) A plant from which layers are propagated by bending its branches into the soil.

Stool (n.) A single seat with three or four legs and without a back, made in various forms for various uses.

Stool (n.) A seat used in evacuating the bowels; hence, an evacuation; a discharge from the bowels.

Stool (n.) A stool pigeon, or decoy bird.

Stool (n.) A small channel on the side of a vessel, for the dead-eyes of the backstays.

Stool (n.) A bishop's seat or see; a bishop-stool.

Stool (n.) A bench or form for resting the feet or the knees; a footstool; as, a kneeling stool.

Stool (n.) Material, such as oyster shells, spread on the sea bottom for oyster spat to adhere to.

Stoolball (n.) A kind of game with balls, formerly common in England, esp. with young women.

Stoop (n.) Originally, a covered porch with seats, at a house door; the Dutch stoep as introduced by the Dutch into New York. Afterward, an out-of-door flight of stairs of from seven to fourteen steps, with platform and parapets, leading to an entrance door some distance above the street; the French perron. Hence, any porch, platform, entrance stairway, or small veranda, at a house door.

Stoop (n.) A vessel of liquor; a flagon.

Stoop (n.) A post fixed in the earth.

Stoop (n.) The act of stooping, or bending the body forward; inclination forward; also, an habitual bend of the back and shoulders.

Stoop (n.) Descent, as from dignity or superiority; condescension; an act or position of humiliation.

Stoop (n.) The fall of a bird on its prey; a swoop.

Stooper (n.) One who stoops.

Stop (n.) The act of stopping, or the state of being stopped; hindrance of progress or of action; cessation; repression; interruption; check; obstruction.

Stop (n.) That which stops, impedes, or obstructs; as obstacle; an impediment; an obstruction.

Stop (n.) A device, or piece, as a pin, block, pawl, etc., for arresting or limiting motion, or for determining the position to which another part shall be brought.

Stop (n.) The closing of an aperture in the air passage, or pressure of the finger upon the string, of an instrument of music, so as to modify the tone; hence, any contrivance by which the sounds of a musical instrument are regulated.

Stop (n.) In the organ, one of the knobs or handles at each side of the organist, by which he can draw on or shut off any register or row of pipes; the register itself; as, the vox humana stop.

Stop (n.) A member, plain or molded, formed of a separate piece and fixed to a jamb, against which a door or window shuts. This takes the place, or answers the purpose, of a rebate. Also, a pin or block to prevent a drawer from sliding too far.

Stop (n.) A point or mark in writing or printing intended to distinguish the sentences, parts of a sentence, or clauses; a mark of punctuation. See Punctuation.

Stop (n.) The diaphragm used in optical instruments to cut off the marginal portions of a beam of light passing through lenses.

Stop (n.) The depression in the face of a dog between the skull and the nasal bones. It is conspicuous in the bulldog, pug, and some other breeds.

Stop (n.) Some part of the articulating organs, as the lips, or the tongue and palate, closed (a) so as to cut off the passage of breath or voice through the mouth and the nose (distinguished as a lip-stop, or a front-stop, etc., as in p, t, d, etc.), or (b) so as to obstruct, but not entirely cut off, the passage, as in l, n, etc.; also, any of the consonants so formed.

Stopcock (n.) A bib, faucet, or short pipe, fitted with a turning stopper or plug for permitting or restraining the flow of a liquid or gas; a cock or valve for checking or regulating the flow of water, gas, etc., through or from a pipe, etc.

Stopcock (n.) The turning plug, stopper, or spigot of a faucet.

Stop-gap (n.) That which closes or fills up an opening or gap; hence, a temporary expedient.

Stoping (n.) The act of excavating in the form of stopes.

Stoppage (n.) The act of stopping, or arresting progress, motion, or action; also, the state of being stopped; as, the stoppage of the circulation of the blood; the stoppage of commerce.

Stopper (n.) One who stops, closes, shuts, or hinders; that which stops or obstructs; that which closes or fills a vent or hole in a vessel.

Stopper (n.) A short piece of rope having a knot at one or both ends, with a lanyard under the knot, -- used to secure something.

Stopper (n.) A name to several trees of the genus Eugenia, found in Florida and the West Indies; as, the red stopper. See Eugenia.

Stopping (n.) Material for filling a cavity.

Stopping (n.) A partition or door to direct or prevent a current of air.

Stopping (n.) A pad or poultice of dung or other material applied to a horse's hoof to keep it moist.

Stopping-out (n.) A method adopted in etching, to keep the acid from those parts which are already sufficiently corroded, by applying varnish or other covering matter with a brush, but allowing the acid to act on the other parts.

Stopship (n.) A remora. It was fabled to stop ships by attaching itself to them.

Storage (n.) The act of depositing in a store or warehouse for safe keeping; also, the safe keeping of goods in a warehouse.

Storage (n.) Space for the safe keeping of goods.

Storage (n.) The price changed for keeping goods in a store.

Storax (n.) Any one of a number of similar complex resins obtained from the bark of several trees and shrubs of the Styrax family. The most common of these is liquid storax, a brown or gray semifluid substance of an agreeable aromatic odor and balsamic taste, sometimes used in perfumery, and in medicine as an expectorant.

Storehouse (n.) A building for keeping goods of any kind, especially provisions; a magazine; a repository; a warehouse.

Storehouse (n.) A mass or quality laid up.

Storekeeper (n.) A man in charge of stores or goods of any kind; as, a naval storekeeper.

Storekeeper (n.) One who keeps a "store;" a shopkeeper. See 1st Store, 3.

Storer (n.) One who lays up or forms a store.

Storeroom (n.) Room in a storehouse or repository; a room in which articles are stored.

Storeship (n.) A vessel used to carry naval stores for a fleet, garrison, or the like.

Storey (n.) See Story.

Storge (n.) Parental affection; the instinctive affection which animals have for their young.

Storier (n.) A relater of stories; an historian.

Stork (n.) Any one of several species of large wading birds of the family Ciconidae, having long legs and a long, pointed bill. They are found both in the Old World and in America, and belong to Ciconia and several allied genera. The European white stork (Ciconia alba) is the best known. It commonly makes its nests on the top of a building, a chimney, a church spire, or a pillar. The black stork (C. nigra) is native of Asia, Africa, and Europe.

Storm (n.) A violent disturbance of the atmosphere, attended by wind, rain, snow, hail, or thunder and lightning; hence, often, a heavy fall of rain, snow, or hail, whether accompanied with wind or not.

Storm (n.) A violent agitation of human society; a civil, political, or domestic commotion; sedition, insurrection, or war; violent outbreak; clamor; tumult.

Storm (n.) A heavy shower or fall, any adverse outburst of tumultuous force; violence.

Storm (n.) A violent assault on a fortified place; a furious attempt of troops to enter and take a fortified place by scaling the walls, forcing the gates, or the like.

Stormcock (n.) The missel thrush.

Stormcock (n.) The fieldfare.

Stormcock (n.) The green woodpecker.

Stormfinch (n.) The storm petrel.

Stormglass (n.) A glass vessel, usually cylindrical, filled with a solution which is sensitive to atmospheric changes, indicating by a clouded appearance, rain, snow, etc., and by clearness, fair weather.

Storminess (n.) The state of being stormy; tempestuousness; biosteruousness; impetuousness.

Stormwind (n.) A heavy wind; a wind that brings a storm; the blast of a storm.

Storthing (n.) The Parliament of Norway, chosen by indirect election once in three years, but holding annual sessions.

Story (n.) A narration or recital of that which has occurred; a description of past events; a history; a statement; a record.

Story (n.) The relation of an incident or minor event; a short narrative; a tale; especially, a fictitious narrative less elaborate than a novel; a short romance.

Story (n.) A euphemism or child's word for "a lie;" a fib; as, to tell a story.

Storybook (n.) A book containing stories, or short narratives, either true or false.

Story-teller (n.) One who tells stories; a narrator of anecdotes,incidents, or fictitious tales; as, an amusing story-teller.

Story-teller (n.) An historian; -- in contempt.

Story-teller (n.) A euphemism or child's word for

Story-telling (n.) The act or practice of telling stories.

Story-writer (n.) One who writes short stories, as for magazines.

Story-writer (n.) An historian; a chronicler.

Stot (n.) A horse.

Stot (n.) A young bull or ox, especially one three years old.

Stote (n.) See Stoat.

Stound (n.) A sudden, severe pain or grief; peril; alarm.

Stound (n.) Astonishment; amazement.

Stound (n.) Hour; time; season.

Stound (n.) A brief space of time; a moment.

Stound (n.) A vessel for holding small beer.

Stoup (n.) A flagon; a vessel or measure for liquids.

Stoup (n.) A basin at the entrance of Roman Catholic churches for containing the holy water with which those who enter, dipping their fingers in it, cross themselves; -- called also holy-water stoup.

Stour (n.) A battle or tumult; encounter; combat; disturbance; passion.

Stout (n.) A strong malt liquor; strong porter.

Stoutness (n.) The state or quality of being stout.

Stove (n.) A house or room artificially warmed or heated; a forcing house, or hothouse; a drying room; -- formerly, designating an artificially warmed dwelling or room, a parlor, or a bathroom, but now restricted, in this sense, to heated houses or rooms used for horticultural purposes or in the processes of the arts.

Stove (n.) An apparatus, consisting essentially of a receptacle for fuel, made of iron, brick, stone, or tiles, and variously constructed, in which fire is made or kept for warming a room or a house, or for culinary or other purposes.

Stovehouse (n.) A hothouse.

Stovepipe (n.) Pipe made of sheet iron in length and angular or curved pieces fitting together, -- used to connect a portable stove with a chimney flue.

Stover (n.) Fodder for cattle, especially straw or coarse hay.

Stowage (n.) The act or method of stowing; as, the stowage of provisions in a vessel.

Stowage (n.) Room in which things may be stowed.

Stowage (n.) The state of being stowed, or put away.

Stowage (n.) Things stowed or packed.

Stowage (n.) Money paid for stowing goods.

Stowaway (n.) One who conceals himself board of a vessel about to leave port, or on a railway train, in order to obtain a free passage.

Stowboard (n.) A place into which rubbish is put.

Stowce (n.) A windlass.

Stowce (n.) A wooden landmark, to indicate possession of mining land.

Stowing (n.) A method of working in which the waste is packed into the space formed by excavating the vein.

Stowre (n.) See Stour, n.

Strabism (n.) Strabismus.

Strabismometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the amount of strabismus.

Strabismus (n.) An affection of one or both eyes, in which the optic axes can not be directed to the same object, -- a defect due either to undue contraction or to undue relaxation of one or more of the muscles which move the eyeball; squinting; cross-eye.

Strabotomy (n.) The operation for the removal of squinting by the division of such muscles as distort the eyeball.

Straddle (n.) The act of standing, sitting, or walking, with the feet far apart.

Straddle (n.) The position, or the distance between the feet, of one who straddles; as, a wide straddle.

Straddle (n.) A stock option giving the holder the double privilege of a "put" and a "call," i. e., securing to the buyer of the option the right either to demand of the seller at a certain price, within a certain time, certain securities, or to require him to take at the same price, and within the same time, the same securities.

Straggle (n.) The act of straggling.

Straggler (n.) One who straggles, or departs from the direct or proper course, or from the company to which he belongs; one who falls behind the rest; one who rambles without any settled direction.

Straggler (n.) A roving vagabond.

Straggler (n.) Something that shoots, or spreads out, beyond the rest, or too far; an exuberant growth.

Straggler (n.) Something that stands alone or by itself.

Stragulum (n.) The mantle, or pallium, of a bird.

Straight (n.) A hand of five cards in consecutive order as to value; a sequence. When they are of one suit, it is calles straight flush.

Straightedge (n.) A board, or piece of wood or metal, having one edge perfectly straight, -- used to ascertain whether a

Straightener (n.) One who, or that which, straightens.

Straighthorn (n.) An orthoceras.

Straightness (n.) The quality, condition, or state, of being straight; as, the straightness of a path.

Straightness (n.) A variant of Straitness.

Straik (n.) A strake.

Strain (n.) Race; stock; generation; descent; family.

Strain (n.) Hereditary character, quality, or disposition.

Strain (n.) Rank; a sort.

Strain (n.) The act of straining, or the state of being strained.

Strain (n.) A violent effort; an excessive and hurtful exertion or tension, as of the muscles; as, he lifted the weight with a strain; the strain upon a ship's rigging in a gale; also, the hurt or injury resulting; a sprain.

Strain (n.) A change of form or dimensions of a solid or liquid mass, produced by a stress.

Strain (n.) A portion of music divided off by a double bar; a complete musical period or sentence; a movement, or any rounded subdivision of a movement.

Strain (n.) Any sustained note or movement; a song; a distinct portion of an ode or other poem; also, the pervading note, or burden, of a song, poem, oration, book, etc.; theme; motive; manner; style; also, a course of action or conduct; as, he spoke in a noble strain; there was a strain of woe in his story; a strain of trickery appears in his career.

Strain (n.) Turn; tendency; inborn disposition. Cf. 1st Strain.

Strainer (n.) One who strains.

Strainer (n.) That through which any liquid is passed for purification or to separate it from solid matter; anything, as a screen or a cloth, used to strain a liquid; a device of the character of a sieve or of a filter; specifically, an openwork or perforated screen, as for the end of the suction pipe of a pump, to prevent large solid bodies from entering with a liquid.

Straint (n.) Overexertion; excessive tension; strain.

Strait-jacket (n.) A dress of strong materials for restraining maniacs or those who are violently delirious. It has long sleeves, which are closed at the ends, confining the hands, and may be tied behind the back.

Straitness (n.) The quality or condition of being strait; especially, a pinched condition or situation caused by poverty; as, the straitnessof their circumstances.

Strait-waistcoat (n.) Same as Strait-jacket.

Strake (n.) A streak.

Strake (n.) An iron band by which the fellies of a wheel are secured to each other, being not continuous, as the tire is, but made up of separate pieces.

Strake (n.) One breadth of planks or plates forming a continuous range on the bottom or sides of a vessel, reaching from the stem to the stern; a streak.

Strake (n.) A trough for washing broken ore, gravel, or sand; a launder.

Strale (n.) Pupil of the eye.

Stramash (n.) A turmoil; a broil; a fray; a fight.

Stramazoun (n.) A direct descending blow with the edge of a sword.

Stramonium (n.) A poisonous plant (Datura Stramonium); stinkweed. See Datura, and Jamestown weed.

Stramony (n.) Stramonium.

Strand (n.) One of the twists, or strings, as of fibers, wires, etc., of which a rope is composed.

Strand (n.) The shore, especially the beach of a sea, ocean, or large lake; rarely, the margin of a navigable river.

Strangeness (n.) The state or quality of being strange (in any sense of the adjective).

Stranger (n.) One who is strange, foreign, or unknown.

Stranger (n.) One who comes from a foreign land; a foreigner.

Stranger (n.) One whose home is at a distance from the place where he is, but in the same country.

Stranger (n.) One who is unknown or unacquainted; as, the gentleman is a stranger to me; hence, one not admitted to communication, fellowship, or acquaintance.

Stranger (n.) One not belonging to the family or household; a guest; a visitor.

Stranger (n.) One not privy or party an act, contract, or title; a mere intruder or intermeddler; one who interferes without right; as, actual possession of land gives a good title against a stranger having no title; as to strangers, a mortgage is considered merely as a pledge; a mere stranger to the levy.

Strangler (n.) One who, or that which, strangles.

Strangles (n.) A disease in horses and swine, in which the upper part of the throat, or groups of lymphatic glands elsewhere, swells.

Strangulation (n.) The act of strangling, or the state of being strangled.

Strangulation (n.) Inordinate compression or constriction of a tube or part, as of the throat; especially, such as causes a suspension of breathing, of the passage of contents, or of the circulation, as in cases of hernia.

Strangury (n.) A painful discharge of urine, drop by drop, produced by spasmodic muscular contraction.

Strangury (n.) A swelling or other disease in a plant, occasioned by a ligature fastened tightly about it.

Strany (n.) The guillemot.

Strap (n.) A long, narrow, pliable strip of leather, cloth, or the like; specifically, a strip of thick leather used in flogging.

Strap (n.) Something made of such a strip, or of a part of one, or a combination of two or more for a particular use; as, a boot strap, shawl strap, stirrup strap.

Strap (n.) A piece of leather, or strip of wood covered with a suitable material, for sharpening a razor; a strop.

Strap (n.) A narrow strip of anything, as of iron or brass.

Strap (n.) A band, plate, or loop of metal for clasping and holding timbers or parts of a machine.

Strap (n.) A piece of rope or metal passing around a block and used for fastening it to anything.

Strap (n.) The flat part of the corolla in ligulate florets, as those of the white circle in the daisy.

Strap (n.) The leaf, exclusive of its sheath, in some grasses.

Strap (n.) A shoulder strap. See under Shoulder.

Strappado (n.) A military punishment formerly practiced, which consisted in drawing an offender to the top of a beam and letting him fall to the length of the rope, by which means a limb was often dislocated.

Strapper (n.) One who uses strap.

Strapper (n.) A person or thing of uncommon size.

Strapwork (n.) A kind of ornament consisting of a narrow fillet or band folded, crossed, and interlaced.

Strass (n.) A brilliant glass, used in the manufacture of artificial paste gems, which consists essentially of a complex borosilicate of lead and potassium. Cf. Glass.

Strata (n.) pl. of Stratum.

Stratagem (n.) An artifice or trick in war for deceiving the enemy; hence, in general, artifice; deceptive device; secret plot; evil machination.

Stratarithmetry (n.) The art of drawing up an army, or any given number of men, in any geometrical figure, or of estimating or expressing the number of men in such a figure.

Strategetics (n.) Strategy.

Strategics (n.) Strategy.

Strategist (n.) One skilled in strategy, or the science of directing great military movements.

Strategus (n.) The leader or commander of an army; a general.

Strategy (n.) The science of military command, or the science of projecting campaigns and directing great military movements; generalship.

Strategy (n.) The use of stratagem or artifice.

Strath (n.) A valley of considerable size, through which a river runs; a valley bottom; -- often used in composition with the name of the river; as, Strath Spey, Strathdon, Strathmore.

Strathspey (n.) A lively Scottish dance, resembling the reel, but slower; also, the tune.

Stratification (n.) The act or process of laying in strata, or the state of being laid in the form of strata, or layers.

Stratification (n.) The deposition of material in successive layers in the growth of a cell wall, thus giving rise to a stratified appearance.

Stratigraphy (n.) That branch of geology which treats of the arrangement and succession of strata.

Stratocracy (n.) A military government; government by military chiefs and an army.

Stratography (n.) A description of an army, or of what belongs to an army.

Stratum (n.) A bed of earth or rock of one kind, formed by natural causes, and consisting usually of a series of layers, which form a rock as it lies between beds of other kinds. Also used figuratively.

Stratum (n.) A bed or layer artificially made; a course.

Stratus (n.) A form of clouds in which they are arranged in a horizontal band or layer. See Cloud.

Straw (n.) A stalk or stem of certain species of grain, pulse, etc., especially of wheat, rye, oats, barley, more rarely of buckwheat, beans, and pease.

Straw (n.) The gathered and thrashed stalks of certain species of grain, etc.; as, a bundle, or a load, of rye straw.

Straw (n.) Anything proverbially worthless; the least possible thing; a mere trifle.

Strawberry (n.) A fragrant edible berry, of a delicious taste and commonly of a red color, the fruit of a plant of the genus Fragaria, of which there are many varieties. Also, the plant bearing the fruit. The common American strawberry is Fragaria virginiana; the European, F. vesca. There are also other less common species.

Strawboard (n.) Pasteboard made of pulp of straw.

Straw-cutter (n.) An instrument to cut straw for fodder.

Strawworm (n.) A caddice worm.

Stray (n.) Any domestic animal that has an inclosure, or its proper place and company, and wanders at large, or is lost; an estray. Used also figuratively.

Stray (n.) The act of wandering or going astray.

Strayer (n.) One who strays; a wanderer.

Stre (n.) Straw.

Streak (n.) A

Streak (n.) A strake.

Streak (n.) The fine powder or mark yielded by a mineral when scratched or rubbed against a harder surface, the color of which is sometimes a distinguishing character.

Streak (n.) The rung or round of a ladder.

Stream (n.) A current of water or other fluid; a liquid flowing continuously in a

Stream (n.) A beam or ray of light.

Stream (n.) Anything issuing or moving with continued succession of parts; as, a stream of words; a stream of sand.

Stream (n.) A continued current or course; as, a stream of weather.

Stream (n.) Current; drift; tendency; series of tending or moving causes; as, the stream of opinions or manners.

Streamer (n.) An ensign, flag, or pennant, which floats in the wind; specifically, a long, narrow, ribbonlike flag.

Streamer (n.) A stream or column of light shooting upward from the horizon, constituting one of the forms of the aurora borealis.

Streamer (n.) A searcher for stream tin.

Streaminess (n.) The state of being streamy; a trailing.

Streaming (n.) The act or operation of that which streams; the act of that which sends forth, or which runs in, streams.

Streaming (n.) The reduction of stream tin; also, the search for stream tin.

Streamlet (n.) A small stream; a rivulet; a rill.

Stree (n.) Straw.

Streen (n.) See Strene.

Streetwalker (n.) A common prostitute who walks the streets to find customers.

Streetward (n.) An officer, or ward, having the care of the streets.

Strelitzia (n.) A genus of plants related to the banana, found at the Cape of Good Hope. They have rigid glaucous distichous leaves, and peculiar richly colored flowers.

Strene (n.) Race; offspring; stock; breed; strain.

Strength (n.) The quality or state of being strong; ability to do or to bear; capacity for exertion or endurance, whether physical, intellectual, or moral; force; vigor; power; as, strength of body or of the arm; strength of mind, of memory, or of judgment.

Strength (n.) Power to resist force; solidity or toughness; the quality of bodies by which they endure the application of force without breaking or yielding; -- in this sense opposed to frangibility; as, the strength of a bone, of a beam, of a wall, a rope, and the like.

Strength (n.) Power of resisting attacks; impregnability.

Strength (n.) That quality which tends to secure results; effective power in an institution or enactment; security; validity; legal or moral force; logical conclusiveness; as, the strength of social or legal obligations; the strength of law; the strength of public opinion; strength of evidence; strength of argument.

Strength (n.) One who, or that which, is regarded as embodying or affording force, strength, or firmness; that on which confidence or reliance is based; support; security.

Strength (n.) Force as measured; amount, numbers, or power of any body, as of an army, a navy, and the like; as, what is the strength of the enemy by land, or by sea?

Strength (n.) Vigor or style; force of expression; nervous diction; -- said of literary work.

Strength (n.) Intensity; -- said of light or color.

Strength (n.) Intensity or degree of the distinguishing and essential element; spirit; virtue; excellence; -- said of liquors, solutions, etc.; as, the strength of wine or of acids.

Strength (n.) A strong place; a stronghold.

Strengthener (n.) One who, or that which, gives or adds strength.

Strengthing (n.) A stronghold.

Strengthner (n.) See Strengthener.

Strenuity (n.) Strenuousness; activity.

Strepsipter (n.) Alt. of Strepsipteran

Strepsipteran (n.) One of the Strepsiptera.

Strepsorhine (n.) One of the Strepsorhina; a lemur. See Illust. under Monkey.

Streptococcus (n.) A long or short chain of micrococci, more or less curved.

Streptothrix (n.) A genus of bacilli occurring of the form of long, smooth and apparently branched threads, either straight or twisted.

Stress (n.) Distress.

Stress (n.) Pressure, strain; -- used chiefly of immaterial things; except in mechanics; hence, urgency; importance; weight; significance.

Stress (n.) The force, or combination of forces, which produces a strain; force exerted in any direction or manner between contiguous bodies, or parts of bodies, and taking specific names according to its direction, or mode of action, as thrust or pressure, pull or tension, shear or tangential stress.

Stress (n.) Force of utterance expended upon words or syllables. Stress is in English the chief element in accent and is one of the most important in emphasis.

Stress (n.) Distress; the act of distraining; also, the thing distrained.

Stretch (n.) Act of stretching, or state of being stretched; reach; effort; struggle; strain; as, a stretch of the limbs; a stretch of the imagination.

Stretch (n.) A continuous

Stretch (n.) The extent to which anything may be stretched.

Stretch (n.) The reach or extent of a vessel's progress on one tack; a tack or board.

Stretch (n.) Course; direction; as, the stretch of seams of coal.

Stretcher (n.) One who, or that which, stretches.

Stretcher (n.) A brick or stone laid with its longer dimension in the

Stretcher (n.) A piece of timber used in building.

Stretcher (n.) A narrow crosspiece of the bottom of a boat against which a rower braces his feet.

Stretcher (n.) A crosspiece placed between the sides of a boat to keep them apart when hoisted up and griped.

Stretcher (n.) A litter, or frame, for carrying disabled, wounded, or dead persons.

Stretcher (n.) An overstretching of the truth; a lie.

Stretcher (n.) One of the rods in an umbrella, attached at one end to one of the ribs, and at the other to the tube sliding upon the handle.

Stretcher (n.) An instrument for stretching boots or gloves.

Stretcher (n.) The frame upon which canvas is stretched for a painting.

Stretto (n.) The crowding of answer upon subject near the end of a fugue.

Stretto (n.) In an opera or oratorio, a coda, or winding up, in an accelerated time.

Strewing (n.) The act of scattering or spreading.

Strewing (n.) Anything that is, or may be, strewed; -- used chiefly in the plural.

Strewment (n.) Anything scattered, as flowers for decoration.

Stria (n.) A minute groove, or channel; a threadlike

Stria (n.) A fillet between the flutes of columns, pilasters, or the like.

Striation (n.) The quality or condition of being striated.

Striation (n.) A stria; as, the striations on a shell.

Striatum (n.) The corpus striatum.

Striature (n.) A stria.

Strich (n.) An owl.

Strick (n.) A bunch of hackled flax prepared for drawing into slivers.

Stricken (n.) Worn out; far gone; advanced. See Strike, v. t., 21.

Strickle (n.) An instrument to strike grain to a level with the measure; a strike.

Strickle (n.) An instrument for whetting scythes; a rifle.

Strickle (n.) An instrument used for smoothing the surface of a core.

Strickle (n.) A templet; a pattern.

Strickle (n.) An instrument used in dressing flax.

Strickler (n.) See Strickle.

Strickless (n.) See Strickle.

Striction (n.) The act of constricting, or the state of being constricted.

Strictness (n.) Quality or state of being strict.

Stricture (n.) Strictness.

Stricture (n.) A stroke; a glance; a touch.

Stricture (n.) A touch of adverse criticism; censure.

Stricture (n.) A localized morbid contraction of any passage of the body. Cf. Organic stricture, and Spasmodic stricture, under Organic, and Spasmodic.

Strid (n.) A narrow passage between precipitous rocks or banks, which looks as if it might be crossed at a stride.

Stride (n.) The act of stridding; a long step; the space measured by a long step; as, a mascu

Stridor (n.) A harsh, shrill, or creaking noise.

Stridulation (n.) The act of stridulating.

Stridulation (n.) The act of making shrill sounds or musical notes by rubbing together certain hard parts, as is done by the males of many insects, especially by Orthoptera, such as crickets, grasshoppers, and locusts.

Stridulation (n.) The noise itself.

Stridulator (n.) That which stridulates.

Strife (n.) The act of striving; earnest endeavor.

Strife (n.) Exertion or contention for superiority; contest of emulation, either by intellectual or physical efforts.

Strife (n.) Altercation; violent contention; fight; battle.

Strife (n.) That which is contended against; occasion of contest.

Strigil (n.) An instrument of metal, ivory, etc., used for scraping the skin at the bath.

Strigment (n.) Scraping; that which is scraped off.

Strike (n.) The act of striking.

Strike (n.) An instrument with a straight edge for leveling a measure of grain, salt, and the like, scraping off what is above the level of the top; a strickle.

Strike (n.) A bushel; four pecks.

Strike (n.) An old measure of four bushels.

Strike (n.) Fullness of measure; hence, excellence of quality.

Strike (n.) An iron pale or standard in a gate or fence.

Strike (n.) The act of quitting work; specifically, such an act by a body of workmen, done as a means of enforcing compliance with demands made on their employer.

Strike (n.) A puddler's stirrer.

Strike (n.) The horizontal direction of the outcropping edges of tilted rocks; or, the direction of a horizontal

Strike (n.) The extortion of money, or the attempt to extort money, by threat of injury; blackmailing.

Striker (n.) One who, or that which, strikes; specifically, a blacksmith's helper who wields the sledge.

Striker (n.) A harpoon; also, a harpooner.

Striker (n.) A wencher; a lewd man.

Striker (n.) A workman who is on a strike.

Striker (n.) A blackmailer in politics; also, one whose political influence can be bought.

Strikle (n.) See Strickle.

String (n.) A small cord, a

String (n.) A thread or cord on which a number of objects or parts are strung or arranged in close and orderly succession; hence, a

String (n.) A strip, as of leather, by which the covers of a book are held together.

String (n.) The cord of a musical instrument, as of a piano, harp, or violin; specifically (pl.), the stringed instruments of an orchestra, in distinction from the wind instruments; as, the strings took up the theme.

String (n.) The

String (n.) A fiber, as of a plant; a little, fibrous root.

String (n.) A nerve or tendon of an animal body.

String (n.) An inside range of ceiling planks, corresponding to the sheer strake on the outside and bolted to it.

String (n.) The tough fibrous substance that unites the valves of the pericap of leguminous plants, and which is readily pulled off; as, the strings of beans.

String (n.) A small, filamentous ramification of a metallic vein.

String (n.) Same as Stringcourse.

String (n.) The points made in a game.

Stringboard (n.) Same as Stringpiece.

Stringcourse (n.) A horizontal band in a building, forming a part of the design, whether molded, projecting, or carved, or in any way distinguished from the rest of the work.

Stringency (n.) The quality or state of being stringent.

Stringer (n.) One who strings; one who makes or provides strings, especially for bows.

Stringer (n.) A libertine; a wencher.

Stringer (n.) A longitudinal sleeper.

Stringer (n.) A streak of planking carried round the inside of a vessel on the under side of the beams.

Stringer (n.) A long horizontal timber to connect uprights in a frame, or to support a floor or the like.

Stringhalt (n.) An habitual sudden twitching of the hinder leg of a horse, or an involuntary or convulsive contraction of the muscles that raise the hock.

Stringiness (n.) Quality of being stringy.

Stringpiece (n.) A long piece of timber, forming a margin or edge of any piece of construction; esp.:

Stringpiece (n.) One of the longitudinal pieces, supporting the treads and rises of a flight or run of stairs.

Strip (n.) A narrow piece, or one comparatively long; as, a strip of cloth; a strip of land.

Strip (n.) A trough for washing ore.

Strip (n.) The issuing of a projectile from a rifled gun without acquiring the spiral motion.

Stripe (n.) A

Stripe (n.) A pattern produced by arranging the warp threads in sets of alternating colors, or in sets presenting some other contrast of appearance.

Stripe (n.) A strip, or long, narrow piece attached to something of a different color; as, a red or blue stripe sewed upon a garment.

Stripe (n.) A stroke or blow made with a whip, rod, scourge, or the like, such as usually leaves a mark.

Stripe (n.) A long, narrow discoloration of the skin made by the blow of a lash, rod, or the like.

Stripe (n.) Color indicating a party or faction; hence, distinguishing characteristic; sign; likeness; sort; as, persons of the same political stripe.

Stripe (n.) The chevron on the coat of a noncommissioned officer.

Strip-leaf (n.) Tobacco which has been stripped of its stalks before packing.

Stripling (n.) A youth in the state of adolescence, or just passing from boyhood to manhood; a lad.

Stripper (n.) One who, or that which, strips; specifically, a machine for stripping cards.

Strippet (n.) A small stream.

Stripping (n.) The act of one who strips.

Stripping (n.) The last milk drawn from a cow at a milking.

Strive (n.) An effort; a striving.

Strive (n.) Strife; contention.

Striver (n.) One who strives.

Strix (n.) One of the flutings of a column.

Strobila (n.) A form of the larva of certain Discophora in a state of development succeeding the scyphistoma. The body of the strobila becomes elongated, and subdivides transversely into a series of lobate segments which eventually become ephyrae, or young medusae.

Strobila (n.) A mature tapeworm.

Strobilation (n.) The act or phenomenon of spontaneously dividing transversely, as do certain species of annelids and helminths; transverse fission. See Illust. under Syllidian.

Strobile (n.) A scaly multiple fruit resulting from the ripening of an ament in certain plants, as the hop or pine; a cone. See Cone, n., 3.

Strobile (n.) An individual asexually producing sexual individuals differing from itself also in other respects, as the tapeworm, -- one of the forms that occur in metagenesis.

Strobile (n.) Same as Strobila.

Stroboscope (n.) An instrument for studying or observing the successive phases of a periodic or varying motion by means of light which is periodically interrupted.

Stroboscope (n.) An optical toy similar to the phenakistoscope. See Phenakistoscope.

Strockle (n.) A shovel with a turned-up edge, for frit, sand, etc.

Strode (n.) See Strude.

Stroker (n.) One who strokes; also, one who pretends to cure by stroking.

Strokesman (n.) The man who rows the aftermost oar, and whose stroke is to be followed by the rest.

Stroking (n.) The act of rubbing gently with the hand, or of smoothing; a stroke.

Stroking (n.) The act of laying small gathers in cloth in regular order.

Stroking (n.) See Stripping, 2.

Stroll (n.) A wandering on foot; an idle and leisurely walk; a ramble.

Stroller (n.) One who strolls; a vagrant.

Stroma (n.) The connective tissue or supporting framework of an organ; as, the stroma of the kidney.

Stroma (n.) The spongy, colorless framework of a red blood corpuscle or other cell.

Stroma (n.) A layer or mass of cellular tissue, especially that part of the thallus of certain fungi which incloses the perithecia.

Stromatology (n.) The history of the formation of stratified rocks.

Stromb (n.) Any marine univalve mollusk of the genus Strombus and allied genera. See Conch, and Strombus.

Strombite (n.) A fossil shell of the genus Strombus.

Strombus (n.) A genus of marine gastropods in which the shell has the outer lip dilated into a broad wing. It includes many large and handsome species commonly called conch shells, or conchs. See Conch.

Stromeyerite (n.) A steel-gray mineral of metallic luster. It is a sulphide of silver and copper.

Strond (n.) Strand; beach.

Stronghand (n.) Violence; force; power.

Stronghold (n.) A fastness; a fort or fortress; fortfield place; a place of security.

Strong-water (n.) An acid.

Strong-water (n.) Distilled or ardent spirits; intoxicating liquor.

Strongyloid (n.) A strongyloid worm.

Strontia (n.) An earth of a white color resembling lime in appearance, and baryta in many of its properties. It is an oxide of the metal strontium.

Strontian (n.) Strontia.

Strontianite (n.) Strontium carbonate, a mineral of a white, greenish, or yellowish color, usually occurring in fibrous massive forms, but sometimes in prismatic crystals.

Strontium (n.) A metallic element of the calcium group, always naturally occurring combined, as in the minerals strontianite, celestite, etc. It is isolated as a yellowish metal, somewhat malleable but harder than calcium. It is chiefly employed (as in the nitrate) to color pyrotechnic flames red. Symbol Sr. Atomic weight 87.3.

Strontium (n.) A radioactive isotope of strontium produced by certain nuclear reactions, and constituting one of the prominent harmful components of radioactive fallout from nuclear explosions; also called radiostrontium. It has a half-life of 28 years.

Strook (n.) A stroke.

Strop (n.) A strap; specifically, same as Strap, 3.

Strop (n.) A piece of rope spliced into a circular wreath, and put round a block for hanging it.

Strophanthus (n.) A genus of tropical apocynaceous shrubs having singularly twisted flowers. One species (Strophanthus hispidus) is used medicinally as a cardiac sedative and stimulant.

Strophe (n.) In Greek choruses and dances, the movement of the chorus while turning from the right to the left of the orchestra; hence, the strain, or part of the choral ode, sung during this movement. Also sometimes used of a stanza of modern verse. See the Note under Antistrophe.

Strophiole (n.) A crestlike excrescence about the hilum of certain seeds; a caruncle.

Strophulus (n.) See Red-gum, 1.

Stroud (n.) A kind of coarse blanket or garment used by the North American Indians.

Strouding (n.) Material for strouds; a kind of coarse cloth used in trade with the North American Indians.

Structure (n.) The act of building; the practice of erecting buildings; construction.

Structure (n.) Manner of building; form; make; construction.

Structure (n.) Arrangement of parts, of organs, or of constituent particles, in a substance or body; as, the structure of a rock or a mineral; the structure of a sentence.

Structure (n.) Manner of organization; the arrangement of the different tissues or parts of animal and vegetable organisms; as, organic structure, or the structure of animals and plants; cellular structure.

Structure (n.) That which is built; a building; esp., a building of some size or magnificence; an edifice.

Structurist (n.) One who forms structures; a builder; a constructor.

Strude (n.) A stock of breeding mares.

Struggle (n.) A violent effort or efforts with contortions of the body; agony; distress.

Struggle (n.) Great labor; forcible effort to obtain an object, or to avert an evil.

Struggle (n.) Contest; contention; strife.

Struggler (n.) One who struggles.

Strull (n.) A bar so placed as to resist weight.

Struma (n.) Scrofula.

Struma (n.) A cushionlike swelling on any organ; especially, that at the base of the capsule in many mosses.

Strumousness (n.) The state of being strumous.

Strumpet (n.) A prostitute; a harlot.

Strumstrum (n.) A rude musical instrument somewhat like a cittern.

Strunt (n.) Spirituous liquor.

Struntian (n.) A kind of worsted braid, about an inch broad.

Struse (n.) A Russian river craft used for transporting freight.

Strut (n.) The act of strutting; a pompous step or walk.

Strut (n.) In general, any piece of a frame which resists thrust or pressure in the direction of its own length. See Brace, and Illust. of Frame, and Roof.

Strut (n.) Any part of a machine or structure, of which the principal function is to hold things apart; a brace subjected to compressive stress; -- the opposite of stay, and tie.

Struthio (n.) A genus of birds including the African ostriches.

Strutter (n.) One who struts.

Struvite (n.) A crystal

Strychnia (n.) Strychnine.

Strychnine (n.) A very poisonous alkaloid resembling brucine, obtained from various species of plants, especially from species of Loganiaceae, as from the seeds of the St. Ignatius bean (Strychnos Ignatia) and from nux vomica. It is obtained as a white crystal

Strychnos (n.) A genus of tropical trees and shrubs of the order Loganiaceae. See Nux vomica.

Stub (n.) The stump of a tree; that part of a tree or plant which remains fixed in the earth when the stem is cut down; -- applied especially to the stump of a small tree, or shrub.

Stub (n.) A log; a block; a blockhead.

Stub (n.) The short blunt part of anything after larger part has been broken off or used up; hence, anything short and thick; as, the stub of a pencil, candle, or cigar.

Stub (n.) A part of a leaf in a check book, after a check is torn out, on which the number, amount, and destination of the check are usually recorded.

Stub (n.) A pen with a short, blunt nib.

Stub (n.) A stub nail; an old horseshoe nail; also, stub iron.

Stubbedness (n.) The quality or state of being stubbed.

Stubbiness (n.) The state of being stubby.

Stubble (n.) The stumps of wheat, rye, barley, oats, or buckwheat, left in the ground; the part of the stalk left by the scythe or sickle.

Stucco (n.) Plaster of any kind used as a coating for walls, especially, a fine plaster, composed of lime or gypsum with sand and pounded marble, used for internal decorations and fine work.

Stucco (n.) Work made of stucco; stuccowork.

Stuccoer (n.) One who stuccoes.

Stuccowork (n.) Work done in stucco.

Stuck (n.) A thrust.

Stuckle (n.) A number of sheaves set together in the field; a stook.

Stud (n.) A collection of breeding horses and mares, or the place where they are kept; also, a number of horses kept for a racing, riding, etc.

Stud (n.) A stem; a trunk.

Stud (n.) An upright scanting, esp. one of the small uprights in the framing for lath and plaster partitions, and furring, and upon which the laths are nailed.

Stud (n.) A kind of nail with a large head, used chiefly for ornament; an ornamental knob; a boss.

Stud (n.) An ornamental button of various forms, worn in a shirt front, collar, wristband, or the like, not sewed in place, but inserted through a buttonhole or eyelet, and transferable.

Stud (n.) A short rod or pin, fixed in and projecting from something, and sometimes forming a journal.

Stud (n.) A stud bolt.

Stud (n.) An iron brace across the shorter diameter of the link of a chain cable.

Studbook (n.) A genealogical register of a particular breed or stud of horses, esp. thoroughbreds.

Studdery (n.) A stud, or collection of breeding horses and mares; also, a place for keeping a stud.

Studding (n.) Material for studs, or joists; studs, or joists, collectively; studs.

Student (n.) A person engaged in study; one who is devoted to learning; a learner; a pupil; a scholar; especially, one who attends a school, or who seeks knowledge from professional teachers or from books; as, the students of an academy, a college, or a university; a medical student; a hard student.

Student (n.) One who studies or examines in any manner; an attentive and systematic observer; as, a student of human nature, or of physical nature.

Studentry (n.) A body of students.

Studentship (n.) The state of being a student.

Studfish (n.) Any one of several species of small American minnows of the genus Fundulus, as F. catenatus.

Stud-horse (n.) A stallion, esp. one kept for breeding.

Studier (n.) A student.

Studio (n.) The working room of an artist.

Study (n.) To fix the mind closely upon a subject; to dwell upon anything in thought; to muse; to ponder.

Study (n.) To apply the mind to books or learning.

Study (n.) To endeavor diligently; to be zealous.

Stufa (n.) A jet of steam issuing from a fissure in the earth.

Stuff (n.) To fill by crowding something into; to cram with something; to load to excess; as, to stuff a bedtick.

Stuff (n.) To thrust or crowd; to press; to pack.

Stuff (n.) To fill by being pressed or packed into.

Stuff (n.) To fill with a seasoning composition of bread, meat, condiments, etc.; as, to stuff a turkey.

Stuff (n.) To obstruct, as any of the organs; to affect with some obstruction in the organs of sense or respiration.

Stuff (n.) To fill the skin of, for the purpose of preserving as a specimen; -- said of birds or other animals.

Stuff (n.) To form or fashion by packing with the necessary material.

Stuff (n.) To crowd with facts; to cram the mind of; sometimes, to crowd or fill with false or idle tales or fancies.

Stuff (n.) To put fraudulent votes into (a ballot box).

Stuffer (n.) One who, or that which, stuffs.

Stuffiness (n.) The quality of being stuffy.

Stuffing (n.) That which is used for filling anything; as, the stuffing of a saddle or cushion.

Stuffing (n.) Any seasoning preparation used to stuff meat; especially, a composition of bread, condiments, spices, etc.; forcemeat; dressing.

Stuffing (n.) A mixture of oil and tallow used in softening and dressing leather.

Stuke (n.) Stucco.

Stull (n.) A framework of timber covered with boards to support rubbish; also, a framework of boards to protect miners from falling stones.

Stulm (n.) A shaft or gallery to drain a mine.

Stulp (n.) A short, stout post used for any purpose, a to mark a boundary.

Stultification (n.) The act of stultifying, or the state of being stultified.

Stultifier (n.) One who stultifies.

Stultiloquence (n.) Silly talk; babbling.

Stultiloquy (n.) Foolish talk; silly discource; babbling.

Stum (n.) Unfermented grape juice or wine, often used to raise fermentation in dead or vapid wines; must.

Stum (n.) Wine revived by new fermentation, reulting from the admixture of must.

Stumble (n.) A trip in walking or running.

Stumble (n.) A blunder; a failure; a fall from rectitude.

Stumbler (n.) One who stumbles.

Stumbling-block (n.) Any cause of stumbling, perplexity, or error.

Stumbling-stone (n.) A stumbling-block.

Stump (n.) The part of a tree or plant remaining in the earth after the stem or trunk is cut off; the stub.

Stump (n.) The part of a limb or other body remaining after a part is amputated or destroyed; a fixed or rooted remnant; a stub; as, the stump of a leg, a finger, a tooth, or a broom.

Stump (n.) The legs; as, to stir one's stumps.

Stump (n.) One of the three pointed rods stuck in the ground to form a wicket and support the bails.

Stump (n.) A short, thick roll of leather or paper, cut to a point, or any similar implement, used to rub down the

Stump (n.) A pin in a tumbler lock which forms an obstruction to throwing the bolt, except when the gates of the tumblers are properly arranged, as by the key; a fence; also, a pin or projection in a lock to form a guide for a movable piece.

Stump (n.) To put (a batsman) out of play by knocking off the bail, or knocking down the stumps of the wicket he is defending while he is off his allotted ground; -- sometimes with out.

Stump (n.) To bowl down the stumps of, as, of a wicket.

Stumpage (n.) Timber in standing trees, -- often sold without the land at a fixed price per tree or per stump, the stumps being counted when the land is cleared.

Stumpage (n.) A tax on the amount of timber cut, regulated by the price of lumber.

Stumper (n.) One who stumps.

Stumper (n.) A boastful person.

Stumper (n.) A puzzling or incredible story.

Stumpiness (n.) The state of being stumpy.

Stun (n.) The condition of being stunned.

Stunner (n.) One who, or that which, stuns.

Stunner (n.) Something striking or amazing in quality; something of extraordinary excellence.

Stunsail (n.) A contraction of Studding sail.

Stunt (n.) A check in growth; also, that which has been checked in growth; a stunted animal or thing.

Stunt (n.) Specifically: A whale two years old, which, having been weaned, is lean, and yields but little blubber.

Stuntness (n.) Stuntedness; brevity.

Stupa (n.) A mound or monument commemorative of Buddha.

Stupa (n.) See 1st Stupe.

Stupe (n.) A stupid person.

Stupefacient (n.) Anything promoting stupefaction; a narcotic.

Stupefaction (n.) The act of stupefying, or the state of being stupefied.

Stupefiedness (n.) Quality of being stupid.

Stupefier (n.) One who, or that which, stupefies; a stupefying agent.

Stupidity (n.) The quality or state of being stupid; extreme dullness of perception or understanding; insensibility; sluggishness.

Stupidity (n.) Stupor; astonishment; stupefaction.

Stupor (n.) Great diminution or suspension of sensibility; suppression of sense or feeling; lethargy.

Stupor (n.) Intellectual insensibility; moral stupidity; heedlessness or inattention to one's interests.

Stupration (n.) Violation of chastity by force; rape.

Stuprum (n.) Stupration.

Sturdiness (n.) Quality of being sturdy.

Sturdy (n.) A disease in sheep and cattle, marked by great nervousness, or by dullness and stupor.

Sturgeon (n.) Any one of numerous species of large cartilaginous ganoid fishes belonging to Acipenser and allied genera of the family Acipenseridae. They run up rivers to spawn, and are common on the coasts and in the large rivers and lakes of North America, Europe, and Asia. Caviare is prepared from the roe, and isinglass from the air bladder.

Sturionian (n.) One of the family of fishes of which the sturgeon is the type.

Sturk (n.) See Stirk.

Sturt (n.) Disturbance; annoyance; care.

Sturt (n.) A bargain in tribute mining by which the tributor profits.

Sturtion (n.) A corruption of Nasturtion.

Stutter (n.) The act of stuttering; a stammer. See Stammer, and Stuttering.

Stutter (n.) One who stutters; a stammerer.

Stutterer (n.) One who stutters; a stammerer.

Stuttering (n.) The act of one who stutters; -- restricted by some physiologists to defective speech due to inability to form the proper sounds, the breathing being normal, as distinguished from stammering.

Styan (n.) See Sty, a boil.

Styca (n.) An anglo-Saxon copper coin of the lowest value, being worth half a farthing.

Stycerin (n.) A triacid alcohol, related to glycerin, and obtained from certain styryl derivatives as a yellow, gummy, amorphous substance; -- called also phenyl glycerin.

Stye (n.) See Sty, a boil.

Stylaster (n.) Any one of numerous species of delicate, usually pink, calcareous hydroid corals of the genus Stylaster.

Stylet (n.) A small poniard; a stiletto.

Stylet (n.) An instrument for examining wounds and fistulas, and for passing setons, and the like; a probe, -- called also specillum.

Stylet (n.) A stiff wire, inserted in catheters or other tubular instruments to maintain their shape and prevent clogging.

Stylet (n.) Any small, more or less rigid, bristlelike organ; as, the caudal stylets of certain insects; the ventral stylets of certain Infusoria.

Stylist (n.) One who is a master or a model of style, especially in writing or speaking; a critic of style.

Stylite (n.) One of a sect of anchorites in the early church, who lived on the tops of pillars for the exercise of their patience; -- called also pillarist and pillar saint.

Stylobate (n.) The uninterrupted and continuous flat band, coping, or pavement upon which the bases of a row of columns are supported. See Sub-base.

Stylograph (n.) A stylographic pen.

Stylography (n.) A mode of writing or tracing

Stylohyal (n.) A segment in the hyoidean arch between the epihyal and tympanohyal.

Stylometer (n.) An instrument for measuring columns.

Stylopodium (n.) An expansion at the base of the style, as in umbelliferous plants.

Stylops (n.) A genus of minute insects parasitic, in their larval state, on bees and wasps. It is the typical genus of the group Strepsiptera, formerly considered a distinct order, but now generally referred to the Coleoptera. See Strepsiptera.

Stylus (n.) An instrument for writing. See Style, n., 1.

Stylus (n.) That needle-shaped part at the tip of the playing arm of phonograph which sits in the groove of a phonograph record while it is turning, to detect the undulations in the phonograph groove and convert them into vibrations which are transmitted to a system (since 1920 electronic) which converts the signal into sound; also called needle. The stylus is frequently composed of metal or diamond.

Stylus (n.) The needle-like device used to cut the grooves which record the sound on the original disc during recording of a phonograph record.

Stylus (n.) A pen-shaped pointing device used to specify the cursor position on a graphics tablet.

Styphnate (n.) A salt of styphnic acid.

Styptic (n.) A styptic medicine.

Stypticity (n.) The quality or state of being styptic; astringency.

Styracin (n.) A white crystal

Styrax (n.) A genus of shrubs and trees, mostly American or Asiatic, abounding in resinous and aromatic substances. Styrax officinalis yields storax, and S. Benzoin yields benzoin.

Styrax (n.) Same as Storax.

Styrol (n.) See Styrolene.

Styrolene (n.) An unsaturated hydrocarbon, C8H8, obtained by the distillation of storax, by the decomposition of cinnamic acid, and by the condensation of acetylene, as a fragrant, aromatic, mobile liquid; -- called also phenyl ethylene, vinyl benzene, styrol, styrene, and cinnamene.

Styrone (n.) A white crystal

Styryl (n.) A hypothetical radical found in certain derivatives of styrolene and cinnamic acid; -- called also cinnyl, or cinnamyl.

Stythe (n.) Choke damp.

Styx (n.) The principal river of the lower world, which had to be crossed in passing to the regions of the dead.

Suability (n.) Liability to be sued; the state of being subjected by law to civil process.

Suasion (n.) The act of persuading; persuasion; as, moral suasion.

Suaviloquy (n.) Sweetness of speech.

Suavity (n.) Sweetness to the taste.

Suavity (n.) The quality of being sweet or pleasing to the mind; agreeableness; softness; pleasantness; gentleness; urbanity; as, suavity of manners; suavity of language, conversation, or address.

Sub (n.) A subordinate; a subaltern.

Subacid (n.) A substance moderately acid.

Subaction (n.) The act of reducing to any state, as of mixing two bodies combletely.

Subadvocate (n.) An under or subordinate advocate.

Subagency (n.) A subordinate agency.

Subagent (n.) A person employed by an agent to transact the whole, or a part, of the business intrusted to the latter.

Subagitation (n.) Unlawful sexual intercourse.

Subash (n.) A province; a government, as of a viceroy; also, a subahdar.

Subashdar (n.) A viceroy; a governor of a subah; also, a native captain in the British native army.

Subashdary (n.) Alt. of Subashship

Subashship (n.) The office or jurisdiction of a subahdar.

Subalmoner (n.) An under almoner.

Subaltern (n.) A person holding a subordinate position; specifically, a commissioned military officer below the rank of captain.

Subaltern (n.) A subaltern proposition.

Subalternant (n.) A universal proposition. See Subaltern, 2.

Subalternate (n.) A particular proposition, as opposed to a universal one. See Subaltern, 2.

Subalternation (n.) The state of being subalternate; succession of turns; subordination.

Subarration (n.) The ancient custom of betrothing by the bestowal, on the part of the man, of marriage gifts or tokens, as money, rings, or other presents, upon the woman.

Subatom (n.) A hypothetical component of a chemical atom, on the theory that the elements themselves are complex substances; -- called also atomicule.

Subaudition (n.) The act of understanding, or supplying, something not expressed; also, that which is so understood or supplied.

Sub-base (n.) The lowest member of a base when divided horizontally, or of a baseboard, pedestal, or the like.

Sub-bass (n.) The deepest pedal stop, or the lowest tones of an organ; the fundamental or ground bass.

Subbeadle (n.) An under beadle.

Subbrachian (n.) One of the Subbrachiales.

Subbreed (n.) A race or strain differing in certain characters from the parent breed; an incipient breed.

Subcarboniferous (n.) The Subcarboniferous period or formation.

Subchanter (n.) An underchanter; a precentor's deputy in a cathedral; a succentor.

Subclass (n.) One of the natural groups, more important than an order, into which some classes are divided; as, the angiospermous subclass of exogens.

Subcommittee (n.) An under committee; a part or division of a committee.

Subconstellation (n.) A subordinate constellation.

Subcontract (n.) A contract under, or subordinate to, a previous contract.

Subcontractor (n.) One who takes a portion of a contract, as for work, from the principal contractor.

Subcontrary (n.) A subcontrary proposition; a proposition inferior or contrary in a lower degree.

Subcostal (n.) A subcostal muscle.

Subcostal (n.) One of the principal nervures of the wings of an insect. It is situated next beneath or behind the costal. See Nervure.

Subdeacon (n.) One belonging to an order in the Roman Catholic Church, next interior to the order of deacons; also, a member of a minor order in the Greek Church.

Subdeaconry (n.) Alt. of Subdeaconship

Subdeaconship (n.) The order or office of subdeacon.

Subdean (n.) An under dean; the deputy or substitute of a dean.

Subdeanery (n.) Office or rank of subdean.

Subdelegate (n.) A subordinate delegate, or one with inferior powers.

Subdepartment (n.) A subordinate department; a bureau. See the Note under Bureau.

Subdeposit (n.) That which is deposited beneath something else.

Subderivative (n.) A word derived from a derivative, and not directly from the root; as, "friend

Subdiaconate (n.) The office or rank of a subdeacon.

Subdialect (n.) A subordinate dialect.

Subdichotomy (n.) A subordinate, or inferior, division into parts; a subdivision.

Subdivision (n.) The act of subdividing, or separating a part into smaller parts.

Subdivision (n.) A part of a thing made by subdividing.

Subdominant (n.) The fourth tone above, or fifth below, the tonic; -- so called as being under the dominant.

Subdual (n.) Act of subduing.

Subduction (n.) The act of subducting or taking away.

Subduction (n.) Arithmetical subtraction.

Subduement (n.) Subdual.

Subduer (n.) One who, or that which, subdues; a conqueror.

Subeditor (n.) An assistant editor, as of a periodical or journal.

Suberate (n.) A salt of suberic acid.

Suberin (n.) A material found in the cell walls of cork. It is a modification of lignin.

Suberite (n.) Any sponge of the genus Suberites and allied genera. These sponges have a fine and compact texture, and contain minute siliceous spicules.

Suberone (n.) The hypothetical ketone of suberic acid.

Suberone (n.) A colorless liquid, analogous suberone proper, having a pleasant peppermint odor. It is obtained by the distillation of calcium suberate.

Subfamily (n.) One of the subdivisions, of more importance than genus, into which certain families are divided.

Subgenus (n.) A subdivision of a genus, comprising one or more species which differ from other species of the genus in some important character or characters; as, the azaleas now constitute a subgenus of Rhododendron.

Subgovernor (n.) A subordinate or assistant governor.

Subgroup (n.) A subdivision of a group, as of animals.

Subhastation (n.) A public sale or auction.

Subimago (n.) A stage in the development of certain insects, such as the May flies, intermediate between the pupa and imago. In this stage, the insect is able to fly, but subsequently sheds a skin before becoming mature. Called also pseudimago.

Subincusation (n.) A slight charge or accusation.

Subindex (n.) A number or mark placed opposite the lower part of a letter or symbol to distinguish the symbol; thus, a0, b1, c2, xn, have 0, 1, 2, and n as subindices.

Subindication (n.) The act of indicating by signs; a slight indication.

Subindividual (n.) A division of that which is individual.

Subinfeudation (n.) The granting of lands by inferior lords to their dependents, to be held by themselves by feudal tenure.

Subinfeudation (n.) Subordinate tenancy; undertenancy.

Subingression (n.) Secret entrance.

Subinvolution (n.) Partial or incomplete involution; as, subinvolution of the uterus.

Subject (n.) The principal theme, or leading thought or phrase, on which a composition or a movement is based.

Subject (n.) The incident, scene, figure, group, etc., which it is the aim of the artist to represent.

Subjectist (n.) One skilled in subjective philosophy; a subjectivist.

Subjectivism (n.) Any philosophical doctrine which refers all knowledge to, and founds it upon, any subjective states; egoism.

Subjectivist (n.) One who holds to subjectivism; an egoist.

Subjectivity (n.) The quality or state of being subjective; character of the subject.

Subject-matter (n.) The matter or thought presented for consideration in some statement or discussion; that which is made the object of thought or study.

Subjectness (n.) Quality of being subject.

Subjoinder (n.) An additional remark.

Subjugation (n.) The act of subjugating, or the state of being subjugated.

Subjugator (n.) One who subjugates; a conqueror.

Subjunction (n.) Act of subjoining, or state of being subjoined.

Subjunction (n.) Something subjoined; as, a subjunction to a sentence.

Subjunctive (n.) The subjunctive mood; also, a verb in the subjunctive mood.

Subkingdom (n.) One of the several primary divisions of either the animal, or vegetable kingdom, as, in zoology, the Vertebrata, Tunicata, Mollusca, Articulata, Molluscoidea, Echinodermata, Coelentera, and the Protozoa; in botany, the Phanerogamia, and the Cryptogamia.

Sublapsarianism (n.) Infralapsarianism.

Sublation (n.) The act of taking or carrying away; removal.

Sublease (n.) A lease by a tenant or lessee to another person; an underlease.

Sublessee (n.) A holder of a sublease.

Sublevation (n.) The act of raising on high; elevation.

Sublevation (n.) An uprising; an insurrection.

Sublibrarian (n.) An under or assistant librarian.

Sublieutenant (n.) An inferior or second lieutenant; in the British service, a commissioned officer of the lowest rank.

Subligation (n.) The act of binding underneath.

Sublimate (n.) A product obtained by sublimation; hence, also, a purified product so obtained.

Sublimation (n.) The act or process of subliming, or the state or result of being sublimed.

Sublimation (n.) The act of heightening or improving; exaltation; elevation; purification.

Sublimation (n.) That which is sublimed; the product of a purifying process.

Sublimatory (n.) A vessel used for sublimation.

Sublime (n.) That which is sublime; -- with the definite article

Sublime (n.) A grand or lofty style in speaking or writing; a style that expresses lofty conceptions.

Sublime (n.) That which is grand in nature or art, as distinguished from the merely beautiful.

Sublimeness (n.) The quality or state of being sublime; sublimity.

Sublimification (n.) The act of making sublime, or state of being made sublime.

Sublimity (n.) The quality or state of being sublime (in any sense of the adjective).

Sublimity (n.) That which is sublime; as, the sublimities of nature.

Sub

Sublingua (n.) A process or fold below the tongue in some animals.

Sublition (n.) The act or process of laying the ground in a painting.

Sublunary (n.) Any worldly thing.

Subluxation (n.) An incomplete or partial dislocation.

Submarine (n.) A submarine plant or animal.

Submarshal (n.) An under or deputy marshal.

Submediant (n.) The sixth tone of the scale; the under mediant, or third below the keynote; the superdominant.

Submentum (n.) The basal part of the labium of insects. It bears the mentum.

Submergence (n.) The act of submerging, or the state of being submerged; submersion.

Submersion (n.) The act of submerging, or putting under water or other fluid, or of causing to be overflowed; the act of plunging under water, or of drowning.

Submersion (n.) The state of being put under water or other fluid, or of being overflowed or drowned.

Subministration (n.) The act of subministering.

Submission (n.) The act of submitting; the act of yielding to power or authority; surrender of the person and power to the control or government of another; obedience; compliance.

Submission (n.) The state of being submissive; acknowledgement of inferiority or dependence; humble or suppliant behavior; meekness; resignation.

Submission (n.) Acknowledgement of a fault; confession of error.

Submission (n.) An agreement by which parties engage to submit any matter of controversy between them to the decision of arbitrators.

Submissness (n.) Submissiveness.

Submitter (n.) One who submits.

Submonition (n.) Suggestion; prompting.

Submultiple (n.) A number or quality which is contained in another an exact number of times, or is an aliquot part of it; thus, 7 is the submultiple of 56, being contained in it eight times.

Subnormal (n.) That part of the axis of a curved

Subnotation (n.) A rescript.

Subofficer (n.) An under or subordinate officer.

Subopercular (n.) The suboperculum.

Suboperculum (n.) The lower opercular bone in fishes.

Suborder (n.) A division of an order; a group of genera of a little lower rank than an order and of greater importance than a tribe or family; as, cichoraceous plants form a suborder of Compositae.

Subordinacy (n.) The quality or state of being subordinate, or subject to control; subordination, as, to bring the imagination to act in subordinacy to reason.

Subordinary (n.) One of several heraldic bearings somewhat less common than an ordinary. See Ordinary.

Subordinate (n.) One who stands in order or rank below another; -- distinguished from a principal.

Subordination (n.) The act of subordinating, placing in a lower order, or subjecting.

Subordination (n.) The quality or state of being subordinate or inferior to an other; inferiority of rank or dignity; subjection.

Subordination (n.) Place of inferior rank.

Subornation (n.) The act of suborning; the crime of procuring a person to take such a false oath as constitutes perjury.

Subornation (n.) The sin or offense of procuring one to do a criminal or bad action, as by bribes or persuasion.

Suborner (n.) One who suborns or procures another to take, a false oath; one who procures another to do a bad action.

Suboxide (n.) An oxide containing a relatively small amount of oxygen, and less than the normal proportion; as, potassium suboxide, K4O.

Subpoena (n.) A writ commanding the attendance in court, as a witness, of the person on whom it is served, under a penalty; the process by which a defendant in equity is commanded to appear and answer the plaintiff's bill.

Subprior (n.) The vicegerent of a prior; a claustral officer who assists the prior.

Subpurchaser (n.) A purchaser who buys from a purchaser; one who buys at second hand.

Subreader (n.) An under reader in the inns of court, who reads the texts of law the reader is to discourse upon.

Subrector (n.) An assistant restor.

Subreligion (n.) A secondary religion; a belief or principle held in a quasi religious veneration.

Subreption (n.) The act of obtaining a favor by surprise, or by unfair representation through suppression or fraudulent concealment of facts.

Subrogation (n.) The act of subrogating.

Subrogation (n.) The substitution of one person in the place of another as a creditor, the new creditor succeeding to the rights of the former; the mode by which a third person who pays a creditor succeeds to his rights against the debtor.

Subsalt (n.) A basic salt. See the Note under Salt.

Subsannation (n.) Derision; mockery.

Subscriber (n.) One who subscribes; one who contributes to an undertaking by subscribing.

Subscriber (n.) One who enters his name for a paper, book, map, or the like.

Subscript (n.) Anything written below.

Subscription (n.) The act of subscribing.

Subscription (n.) That which is subscribed.

Subscription (n.) A paper to which a signature is attached.

Subscription (n.) The signature attached to a paper.

Subscription (n.) Consent or attestation by underwriting the name.

Subscription (n.) Sum subscribed; amount of sums subscribed; as, an individual subscription to a fund.

Subscription (n.) The acceptance of articles, or other tests tending to promote uniformity; esp. (Ch. of Eng.), formal assent to the Thirty-nine Articles and the Book of Common Prayer, required before ordination.

Subscription (n.) Submission; obedience.

Subscription (n.) That part of a prescription which contains the direction to the apothecary.

Subscription (n.) A method of purchasing items produced periodically in a series, as newspapers or magazines, in which a certain number of the items are delivered as produced, without need for ordering each item individually; also, the purchase thus executed.

Subsellium (n.) One of the stalls of the lower range where there are two ranges. See Illust. of Stall.

Subsemitone (n.) The sensible or leading note, or sharp seventh, of any key; subtonic.

Subsequence (n.) Alt. of Subsequency

Subsequency (n.) The act or state of following; -- opposed to precedence.

Subservience (n.) Alt. of Subserviency

Subserviency (n.) The quality or state of being subservient; instrumental fitness or use; hence, willingness to serve another's purposes; in a derogatory sense, servility.

Subsidence (n.) Alt. of Subsidency

Subsidency (n.) The act or process of subsiding.

Subsidiary (n.) One who, or that which, contributes aid or additional supplies; an assistant; an auxiliary.

Subsidy (n.) Support; aid; cooperation; esp., extraordinary aid in money rendered to the sovereign or to a friendly power.

Subsidy (n.) Specifically: A sum of money paid by one sovereign or nation to another to purchase the cooperation or the neutrality of such sovereign or nation in war.

Subsidy (n.) A grant from the government, from a municipal corporation, or the like, to a private person or company to assist the establishment or support of an enterprise deemed advantageous to the public; a subvention; as, a subsidy to the owners of a

Subsinnation (n.) The act of writing the name under something, as for attestation.

Subsilicate (n.) A basic silicate.

Subsistence (n.) Real being; existence.

Subsistence (n.) Inherency; as, the subsistence of qualities in bodies.

Subsistence (n.) That which furnishes support to animal life; means of support; provisions, or that which produces provisions; livelihood; as, a meager subsistence.

Subsistence (n.) Same as Hypostasis, 2.

Subsistency (n.) Subsistence.

Subsizar (n.) An under sizar; a student of lower rank than a sizar.

Subsoil (n.) The bed, or stratum, of earth which lies immediately beneath the surface soil.

Subspecies (n.) A group somewhat lessdistinct than speciesusually are, but based on characters more important than those which characterize ordinary varieties; often, a geographical variety or race.

Substance (n.) That which underlies all outward manifestations; substratum; the permanent subject or cause of phenomena, whether material or spiritual; that in which properties inhere; that which is real, in distinction from that which is apparent; the abiding part of any existence, in distinction from any accident; that which constitutes anything what it is; real or existing essence.

Substance (n.) The most important element in any existence; the characteristic and essential components of anything; the main part; essential import; purport.

Substance (n.) Body; matter; material of which a thing is made; hence, substantiality; solidity; firmness; as, the substance of which a garment is made; some textile fabrics have little substance.

Substance (n.) Material possessions; estate; property; resources.

Substance (n.) Same as Hypostasis, 2.

Substantiality (n.) The quality or state of being substantial; corporiety; materiality.

Substantialness (n.) The quality or state of being substantial; as, the substantialness of a wall or column.

Substantiation (n.) The act of substantiating or proving; evidence; proof.

Substantive (n.) A noun or name; the part of speech which designates something that exists, or some object of thought, either material or immaterial; as, the words man, horse, city, goodness, excellence, are substantives.

Substantiveness (n.) The quality or state of being substantive.

Substile (n.) See Substyle.

Substituent (n.) Any atom, group, or radical substituted for another, or entering a molecule in place of some other part which is removed.

Substitute (n.) One who, or that which, is substituted or put in the place of another; one who acts for another; that which stands in lieu of something else

Substitute (n.) a person who enlists for military service in the place of a conscript or drafted man.

Substitute (n.) To put in the place of another person or thing; to exchange.

Substitution (n.) The act of substituting or putting one person or thing in the place of another; as, the substitution of an agent, attorney, or representative to act for one in his absense; the substitution of bank notes for gold and silver as a circulating medium.

Substitution (n.) The state of being substituted for another.

Substitution (n.) The office or authority of one acting for another; delegated authority.

Substitution (n.) The designation of a person in a will to take a devise or legacy, either on failure of a former devisee or legatee by incapacity or unwillingness to accept, or after him.

Substitution (n.) The doctrine that Christ suffered vicariously, being substituted for the sinner, and that his sufferings were expiatory.

Substitution (n.) The act or process of substituting an atom or radical for another atom or radical; metethesis; also, the state of being so substituted. See Metathesis.

Substraction (n.) Subtraction; deduction.

Substraction (n.) See Subtraction, 3.

Substractor (n.) One who subtracts.

Substractor (n.) A detractor; a slanderer.

Substrate (n.) A substratum.

Substratum (n.) That which is laid or spread under; that which underlies something, as a layer of earth lying under another; specifically (Agric.), the subsoil.

Substratum (n.) The permanent subject of qualities or cause of phenomena; substance.

Substruction (n.) Underbuilding; the foundation, or any preliminary structure intended to raise the lower floor or basement of a building above the natural level of the ground.

Substructure (n.) Same as Substruction.

Substructure (n.) An under structure; a foundation; groundwork.

Substyle (n.) A right

Subsulphate (n.) A sulphate with an excess of the base.

Subsulphide (n.) A nonacid compound consisting of one equivalent of sulphur and more than one equivalent of some other body, as a metal.

Subsultus (n.) A starting, twitching, or convulsive motion.

Subsumption (n.) The act of subsuming, or of including under another.

Subsumption (n.) That which is subsumed, as the minor clause or premise of a syllogism.

Subtangent (n.) The part of the axis contained between the ordinate and tangent drawn to the same point in a curve.

Subtectacle (n.) A space under a roof; a tabernacle; a dwelling.

Subtenant (n.) One who rents a tenement, or land, etc., of one who is also a tenant; an undertenant.

Subterfuge (n.) That to which one resorts for escape or concealment; an artifice employed to escape censure or the force of an argument, or to justify opinions or conduct; a shift; an evasion.

Subterrane (n.) A cave or room under ground.

Subterranity (n.) A place under ground; a subterrany.

Subterrany (n.) A subterranean place.

Subtilism (n.) The quality or state of being subtile; subtility; subtlety.

Subtility (n.) Subtilty.

Subtilization (n.) The act of making subtile.

Subtilization (n.) The operation of making so volatile as to rise in steam or vapor.

Subtilization (n.) Refinement; subtlety; extreme attenuation.

Subtilizer (n.) One who subtilizes.

Subtilty (n.) The quality or state of being subtile; thinness; fineness; as, the subtility of air or light.

Subtilty (n.) Refinement; extreme acuteness; subtlety.

Subtilty (n.) Cunning; skill; craft.

Subtilty (n.) Slyness in design; artifice; guile; a cunning design or artifice; a trick; subtlety.

Subtleness (n.) The quality or state of being subtle; subtlety.

Subtlety (n.) The quality or state of being subtle, or sly; cunning; craftiness; artfulness.

Subtlety (n.) Nice discernment with delicacy of mental action; nicety of discrimination.

Subtlety (n.) Something that is sly, crafty, or delusive.

Subtonic (n.) A subtonic sound or element; a vocal consonant, as b, d, g, n, etc.; a subvocal.

Subtonic (n.) The seventh tone of the scale, or that immediately below the tonic; -- called also subsemitone.

Subtracter (n.) One who subtracts.

Subtracter (n.) The subtrahend.

Subtraction (n.) The act or operation of subtracting or taking away a part.

Subtraction (n.) The taking of a lesser number or quantity from a greater of the same kind or denomination; an operation for finding the difference between two numbers or quantities.

Subtraction (n.) The withdrawing or withholding from a person of some right to which he is entitled by law.

Subtrahend (n.) The sum or number to be subtracted, or taken from another.

Subtreasurer (n.) The public officer who has charge of a subtreasury.

Subtreasury (n.) A subordinate treasury, or place of deposit; as, the United States subtreasury at New York.

Subtribe (n.) A division of a tribe; a group of genera of a little lower rank than a tribe.

Subtutor (n.) An under tutor.

Subulipalp (n.) One of a group of carabid beetles having slender palpi.

Subumbrella (n.) The integument of the under surface of the bell, or disk-shaped body, of a jellyfish.

Subundation (n.) A flood; a deluge.

Suburb (n.) An outlying part of a city or town; a smaller place immediately adjacent to a city; in the plural, the region which is on the confines of any city or large town; as, a house stands in the suburbs; a garden situated in the suburbs of Paris.

Suburb (n.) Hence, the confines; the outer part; the environment.

Suburban (n.) One who dwells in the suburbs.

Subvariety (n.) A subordinate variety, or a division of a variety.

Subvention (n.) The act of coming under.

Subvention (n.) The act of relieving, as of a burden; support; aid; assistance; help.

Subvention (n.) A government aid or bounty.

Subversion (n.) The act of overturning, or the state of being overturned; entire overthrow; an overthrow from the foundation; utter ruin; destruction; as, the subversion of a government; the subversion of despotic power; the subversion of the constitution.

Subverter (n.) One who, or that which, subverts; an overthrower.

Subway (n.) An underground way or gallery; especially, a passage under a street, in which water mains, gas mains, telegraph wires, etc., are conducted.

Subworker (n.) A subordinate worker or helper.

Succade (n.) A sweetmeat.

Succade (n.) Sweetmeats, or preserves in sugar, whether fruit, vegetables, or confections.

Succedane (n.) A succedaneum.

Succedaneum (n.) One who, or that which, succeeds to the place of another; that which is used for something else; a substitute

Succedaneum (n.) a remedy used as a substitute for another.

Succeeder (n.) A successor.

Succeeding (n.) The act of one who, or that which, succeeds; also, that which succeeds, or follows after; consequence.

Succentor (n.) A subchanter.

Success (n.) Act of succeeding; succession.

Success (n.) That which comes after; hence, consequence, issue, or result, of an endeavor or undertaking, whether good or bad; the outcome of effort.

Success (n.) The favorable or prosperous termination of anything attempted; the attainment of a proposed object; prosperous issue.

Success (n.) That which meets with, or one who accomplishes, favorable results, as a play or a player.

Successary (n.) Succession.

Succession (n.) The act of succeeding, or following after; a following of things in order of time or place, or a series of things so following; sequence; as, a succession of good crops; a succession of disasters.

Succession (n.) A series of persons or things according to some established rule of precedence; as, a succession of kings, or of bishops; a succession of events in chronology.

Succession (n.) An order or series of descendants;

Succession (n.) The power or right of succeeding to the station or title of a father or other predecessor; the right to enter upon the office, rank, position, etc., held ny another; also, the entrance into the office, station, or rank of a predecessor; specifically, the succeeding, or right of succeeding, to a throne.

Succession (n.) The right to enter upon the possession of the property of an ancestor, or one near of kin, or one preceding in an established order.

Succession (n.) The person succeeding to rank or office; a successor or heir.

Successionist (n.) A person who insists on the importance of a regular succession of events, offices, etc.; especially (Eccl.), one who insists that apostolic succession alone is valid.

Successiveness (n.) The quality or state of being successive.

Successor (n.) One who succeeds or follows; one who takes the place which another has left, and sustains the like part or character; -- correlative to predecessor; as, the successor of a deceased king.

Succinamate (n.) A salt of succinamic acid.

Succinate (n.) A salt of succinic acid.

Succinimide (n.) A white crystal

Succinite (n.) Amber.

Succinite (n.) A garnet of an amber color.

Succinurate (n.) A salt of succinuric acid.

Succinyl (n.) A hypothetical radical characteristic of succinic acid and certain of its derivatives.

Succision (n.) The act of cutting down, as of trees; the act of cutting off.

Succorer (n.) One who affords succor; a helper.

Succory (n.) A plant of the genus Cichorium. See Chicory.

Succotash (n.) Green maize and beans boiled together. The dish is borrowed from the native Indians.

Succoteague (n.) The squeteague.

Succuba (n.) A female demon or fiend. See Succubus.

Succubus (n.) A demon or fiend; especially, a lascivious spirit supposed to have sexual intercourse with the men by night; a succuba. Cf. Incubus.

Succubus (n.) The nightmare. See Nightmare, 2.

Succula (n.) A bare axis or cylinder with staves or levers in it to turn it round, but without any drum.

Succulence (n.) Alt. of Succulency

Succulency (n.) The quality or condition of being succulent; juiciness; as, the succulence of a peach.

Succus (n.) The expressed juice of a plant, for medicinal use.

Succussation (n.) A trot or trotting.

Succussation (n.) A shaking; succussion.

Succussion (n.) The act of shaking; a shake; esp. (Med.), a shaking of the body to ascertain if there be a liquid in the thorax.

Suck (n.) The act of drawing with the mouth.

Suck (n.) That which is drawn into the mouth by sucking; specifically, mikl drawn from the breast.

Suck (n.) A small draught.

Suck (n.) Juice; succulence.

Suckanhock (n.) A kind of seawan. See Note under Seawan.

Suckatash (n.) See Succotash.

Sucken (n.) The jurisdiction of a mill, or that extent of ground astricted to it, the tenants of which are bound to bring their grain thither to be ground.

Sucker (n.) One who, or that which, sucks; esp., one of the organs by which certain animals, as the octopus and remora, adhere to other bodies.

Sucker (n.) A suckling; a sucking animal.

Sucker (n.) The embolus, or bucket, of a pump; also, the valve of a pump basket.

Sucker (n.) A pipe through which anything is drawn.

Sucker (n.) A small piece of leather, usually round, having a string attached to the center, which, when saturated with water and pressed upon a stone or other body having a smooth surface, adheres, by reason of the atmospheric pressure, with such force as to enable a considerable weight to be thus lifted by the string; -- used by children as a plaything.

Sucker (n.) A shoot from the roots or lower part of the stem of a plant; -- so called, perhaps, from diverting nourishment from the body of the plant.

Sucker (n.) Any one of numerous species of North American fresh-water cyprinoid fishes of the family Catostomidae; so called because the lips are protrusile. The flesh is coarse, and they are of little value as food. The most common species of the Eastern United States are the northern sucker (Catostomus Commersoni), the white sucker (C. teres), the hog sucker (C. nigricans), and the chub, or sweet sucker (Erimyzon sucetta). Some of the large Western species are called buffalo fish, red hor>

Sucker (n.) The remora.

Sucker (n.) The lumpfish.

Sucker (n.) The hagfish, or myxine.

Sucker (n.) A California food fish (Menticirrus undulatus) closely allied to the kingfish (a); -- called also bagre.

Sucker (n.) A parasite; a sponger. See def. 6, above.

Sucker (n.) A hard drinker; a soaker.

Sucker (n.) A greenhorn; one easily gulled.

Sucker (n.) A nickname applied to a native of Illinois.

Suckfish (n.) A sucker fish.

Suckle (n.) A teat.

Suckler (n.) An animal that suckles its young; a mammal.

Sucrate (n.) A compound of sucrose (or of some related carbohydrate) with some base, after the analogy of a salt; as, sodium sucrate.

Sucre (n.) A silver coin of Ecuador, worth 68 cents.

Sucrose (n.) A common variety of sugar found in the juices of many plants, as the sugar cane, sorghum, sugar maple, beet root, etc. It is extracted as a sweet, white crystal

Suctorian (n.) A cartilaginous fish with a mouth adapted for suction, as the lampery.

Suctorian (n.) One of the Suctoria.

Sudarium (n.) The handkerchief upon which the Savior is said to have impressed his own portrait miraculously, when wiping his face with it, as he passed to the crucifixion.

Sudary (n.) A napkin or handkerchief.

Sudation (n.) A sweating.

Sudatorium (n.) A sudatory.

Sudatory (n.) A bagnio; a sweating bath; a vapor bath.

Sudden (n.) An unexpected occurrence; a surprise.

Suddenty (n.) Suddenness; a sudden.

Sudorific (n.) A sudorific medicine. Cf. Diaphoretic.

Sudra (n.) The lowest of the four great castes among the Hindoos. See Caste.

Suer (n.) One who sues; a suitor.

Suet (n.) The fat and fatty tissues of an animal, especially the harder fat about the kidneys and loins in beef and mutton, which, when melted and freed from the membranes, forms tallow.

Sufferance (n.) The state of suffering; the bearing of pain; endurance.

Sufferance (n.) Pain endured; misery; suffering; distress.

Sufferance (n.) Loss; damage; injury.

Sufferance (n.) Submission under difficult or oppressive circumstances; patience; moderation.

Sufferance (n.) Negative consent by not forbidding or hindering; toleration; permission; allowance; leave.

Sufferance (n.) A permission granted by the customs authorities for the shipment of goods.

Sufferer (n.) One who suffers; one who endures or undergoes suffering; one who sustains inconvenience or loss; as, sufferers by poverty or sickness; men are sufferers by fire or by losses at sea.

Sufferer (n.) One who permits or allows.

Suffering (n.) The bearing of pain, inconvenience, or loss; pain endured; distress, loss, or injury incurred; as, sufferings by pain or sorrow; sufferings by want or by wrongs.

Sufficience (n.) Sufficiently.

Sufficiency (n.) The quality or state of being sufficient, or adequate to the end proposed; adequacy.

Sufficiency (n.) Qualification for any purpose; ability; capacity.

Sufficiency (n.) Adequate substance or means; competence.

Sufficiency (n.) Supply equal to wants; ample stock or fund.

Sufficiency (n.) Conceit; self-confidence; self-sufficiency.

Suffisance (n.) Sufficiency; plenty; abundance; contentment.

Suffix (n.) A letter, letters, syllable, or syllables added or appended to the end of a word or a root to modify the meaning; a postfix.

Suffix (n.) A subscript mark, number, or letter. See Subscript, a.

Suffixion (n.) The act of suffixing, or the state of being suffixed.

Suffixment (n.) Suffixion.

Sufflation (n.) The act of blowing up or inflating.

Suffocation (n.) The act of suffocating, or the state of being suffocated; death caused by smothering or choking.

Suffossion (n.) A digging under; an undermining.

Suffraganship (n.) The office of a suffragan.

Suffragator (n.) One who assists or favors by his vote.

Suffrage (n.) A vote given in deciding a controverted question, or in the choice of a man for an office or trust; the formal expression of an opinion; assent; vote.

Suffrage (n.) Testimony; attestation; witness; approval.

Suffrage (n.) A short petition, as those after the creed in matins and evensong.

Suffrage (n.) A prayer in general, as one offered for the faithful departed.

Suffrage (n.) Aid; assistance.

Suffrage (n.) The right to vote; franchise.

Sufragette. (n.) A woman who advocates the right to vote for women; a woman suffragist.

Suffragist (n.) One who possesses or exercises the political right of suffrage; a voter.

Suffragist (n.) One who has certain opinions or desires about the political right of suffrage; as, a woman suffragist.

Suffrago (n.) The heel joint.

Suffrance (n.) Sufferance.

Suffumigation (n.) The operation of suffumigating.

Suffumige (n.) A medical fume.

Suffusion (n.) The act or process of suffusing, or state of being suffused; an overspreading.

Suffusion (n.) That with which a thing is suffused.

Suffusion (n.) A blending of one color into another; the spreading of one color over another, as on the feathers of birds.

Sufi (n.) A title or surname of the king of Persia.

Sufi (n.) One of a certain order of religious men in Persia.

Sufism (n.) A refined mysticism among certain classes of Mohammedans, particularly in Persia, who hold to a kind of pantheism and practice extreme asceticism in their lives.

Sug (n.) A kind of worm or larva.

Sugar (n.) A sweet white (or brownish yellow) crystal

Sugar (n.) By extension, anything resembling sugar in taste or appearance; as, sugar of lead (lead acetate), a poisonous white crystal

Sugar (n.) Compliment or flattery used to disguise or render acceptable something obnoxious; honeyed or soothing words.

Sugar-house (n.) A building in which sugar is made or refined; a sugar manufactory.

Sugariness (n.) The quality or state of being sugary, or sweet.

Sugaring (n.) The act of covering or sweetening with sugar; also, the sugar thus used.

Sugaring (n.) The act or process of making sugar.

Sugarplum (n.) A kind of candy or sweetneat made up in small balls or disks.

Suggester (n.) One who suggests.

Suggestion (n.) The act of suggesting; presentation of an idea.

Suggestion (n.) That which is suggested; an intimation; an insinuation; a hint; a different proposal or mention; also, formerly, a secret incitement; temptation.

Suggestion (n.) Charge; complaint; accusation.

Suggestion (n.) Information without oath; an entry of a material fact or circumstance on the record for the information of the court, at the death or insolvency of a party.

Suggestion (n.) The act or power of originating or recalling ideas or relations, distinguished as original and relative; -- a term much used by Scottish metaphysicians from Hutcherson to Thomas Brown.

Suggestment (n.) Suggestion.

Suggestress (n.) A woman who suggests.

Suggillation (n.) A livid, or black and blue, mark; a blow; a bruise.

Suicidism (n.) The quality or state of being suicidal, or self-murdering.

Suicism (n.) Selfishness; egoism.

Suillage (n.) A drain or collection of filth.

Suine (n.) A mixture of oleomargarine with lard or other fatty ingredients. It is used as a substitute for butter. See Butterine.

Suing (n.) The process of soaking through anything.

Suint (n.) A peculiar substance obtained from the wool of sheep, consisting largely of potash mixed with fatty and earthy matters. It is used as a source of potash and also for the manufacture of gas.

Suist (n.) One who seeks for things which gratify merely himself; a selfish person; a selfist.

Suit (n.) The act of following or pursuing, as game; pursuit.

Suit (n.) The act of suing; the process by which one endeavors to gain an end or an object; an attempt to attain a certain result; pursuit; endeavor.

Suit (n.) The act of wooing in love; the solicitation of a woman in marriage; courtship.

Suit (n.) The attempt to gain an end by legal process; an action or process for the recovery of a right or claim; legal application to a court for justice; prosecution of right before any tribunal; as, a civil suit; a criminal suit; a suit in chancery.

Suit (n.) That which follows as a retinue; a company of attendants or followers; the assembly of persons who attend upon a prince, magistrate, or other person of distinction; -- often written suite, and pronounced sw/t.

Suit (n.) Things that follow in a series or succession; the individual objects, collectively considered, which constitute a series, as of rooms, buildings, compositions, etc.; -- often written suite, and pronounced sw/t.

Suit (n.) A number of things used together, and generally necessary to be united in order to answer their purpose; a number of things ordinarily classed or used together; a set; as, a suit of curtains; a suit of armor; a suit of clothes.

Suit (n.) One of the four sets of cards which constitute a pack; -- each set consisting of thirteen cards bearing a particular emblem, as hearts, spades, cubs, or diamonds.

Suit (n.) Regular order; succession.

Suitability (n.) The quality or state of being suitable; suitableness.

Suite (n.) A retinue or company of attendants, as of a distinguished personage; as, the suite of an ambassador. See Suit, n., 5.

Suite (n.) A connected series or succession of objects; a number of things used or clessed together; a set; as, a suite of rooms; a suite of minerals. See Suit, n., 6.

Suite (n.) One of the old musical forms, before the time of the more compact sonata, consisting of a string or series of pieces all in the same key, mostly in various dance rhythms, with sometimes an elaborate prelude. Some composers of the present day affect the suite form.

Suiting (n.) Among tailors, cloth suitable for making entire suits of clothes.

Suitor (n.) One who sues, petitions, or entreats; a petitioner; an applicant.

Suitor (n.) Especially, one who solicits a woman in marriage; a wooer; a lover.

Suitor (n.) One who sues or prosecutes a demand in court; a party to a suit, as a plaintiff, petitioner, etc.

Suitor (n.) One who attends a court as plaintiff, defendant, petitioner, appellant, witness, juror, or the like.

Suitress (n.) A female supplicant.

Suji (n.) Indian wheat, granulated but not pulverized; a kind of semolina.

Sula (n.) A genus of sea birds including the booby and the common gannet.

Sulcation (n.) A channel or furrow.

Sulcus (n.) A furrow; a groove; a fissure.

Sulk (n.) A furrow.

Sulker (n.) One who sulks.

Sulkiness (n.) The quality or state of being sulky; sullenness; moroseness; as, sulkiness of disposition.

Sulky (n.) Moodly silent; sullen; sour; obstinate; morose; splenetic.

Sull (n.) A plow.

Sullage (n.) Drainage of filth; filth collected from the street or highway; sewage.

Sullage (n.) That which sullies or defiles.

Sullage (n.) The scoria on the surface of molten metal in the ladle.

Sullage (n.) Silt; mud deposited by water.

Sullen (n.) One who is solitary, or lives alone; a hermit.

Sullen (n.) Sullen feelings or manners; sulks; moroseness; as, to have the sullens.

Sully (n.) Soil; tarnish; stain.

Sulphacid (n.) An acid in which, to a greater or less extent, sulphur plays a part analogous to that of oxygen in an oxyacid; thus, thiosulphuric and sulpharsenic acids are sulphacids; -- called also sulphoacid. See the Note under Acid, n., 2.

Sulphamate (n.) A salt of sulphamic acid.

Sulphamide (n.) Any one of a series of amido compounds obtained by treating sulphuryl chloride with various amines.

Sulphantimonate (n.) A salt of sulphantimonic acid.

Sulphantimonite (n.) A salt of sulphantimonious acid.

Sulpharsenate (n.) A salt of sulpharsenic acid.

Sulpharsenite (n.) A salt of sulpharsenious acid.

Sulphate (n.) A salt of sulphuric acid.

Sulphaurate (n.) A salt of sulphauric acid.

Sulphide (n.) A binary compound of sulphur, or one so regarded; -- formerly called sulphuret.

Sulphinate (n.) A salt of a sulphinic acid.

Sulphine (n.) Any one of a series of basic compounds which consist essentially of sulphur united with hydrocarbon radicals. In general they are oily or crystal

Sulphinide (n.) A white or yellowish crystal

Sulphion (n.) A hypothetical radical, SO4, regarded as forming the acid or negative constituent of sulphuric acid and the sulphates in electrolytic decomposition; -- so called in accordance with the binary theory of salts.

Sulphionide (n.) A binary compound of sulphion, or one so regarded; thus, sulphuric acid, H/SO/, is a sulphionide.

Sulphite (n.) A salt of sulphurous acid.

Sulphocarbonate (n.) A salt of sulphocarbonic acid; a thiocarbonate.

Sulphocyanate (n.) A salt of sulphocyanic acid; -- also called thiocyanate, and formerly inaccurately sulphocyanide.

Sulphocyanide (n.) See Sulphocyanate.

Sulphocyanogen (n.) See Persulphocyanogen.

Sulphonal (n.) A substance employed as a hypnotic, produced by the union of mercaptan and acetone.

Sulphonate (n.) A salt of sulphonic acid.

Sulphone (n.) Any one of a series of compounds analogous to the ketones, and consisting of the sulphuryl group united with two hydrocarbon radicals; as, dimethyl sulphone, (CH/)/.SO/.

Sulphonium (n.) A hypothetical radical, SH3, regarded as the type and nucleus of the sulphines.

Sulphophosphate (n.) A salt of sulphophosphoric acid.

Sulphophosphite (n.) A salt of sulphophosphorous acid.

Sulphosalt (n.) A salt of a sulphacid.

Sulphostannate (n.) A salt of sulphostannic acid.

Sulphotungstate (n.) A salt of sulphotungstic acid.

Sulphur (n.) A nonmetallic element occurring naturally in large quantities, either combined as in the sulphides (as pyrites) and sulphates (as gypsum), or native in volcanic regions, in vast beds mixed with gypsum and various earthy materials, from which it is melted out. Symbol S. Atomic weight 32. The specific gravity of ordinary octohedral sulphur is 2.05; of prismatic sulphur, 1.96.

Sulphur (n.) Any one of numerous species of yellow or orange butterflies of the subfamily Pierinae; as, the clouded sulphur (Eurymus, / Colias, philodice), which is the common yellow butterfly of the Eastern United States.

Sulphuration (n.) The act or process of combining or impregnating with sulphur or its compounds; also, the state of being so combined or impregnated.

Sulphurator (n.) An apparatus for impregnating with, or exposing to the action of, sulphur; especially, an apparatus for fumigating or bleaching by means of the fumes of burning sulphur.

Sulphur-bottom (n.) A very large whalebone whale of the genus Sibbaldius, having a yellowish belly; especially, S. sulfureus of the North Pacific, and S. borealis of the North Atlantic; -- called also sulphur whale.

Sulphureity (n.) The quality or state of being sulphureous.

Sulphuret (n.) A sulphide; as, a sulphuret of potassium.

Sulphuring (n.) Exposure to the fumes of burning sulphur, as in bleaching; the process of bleaching by exposure to the fumes of sulphur.

Sulphurwort (n.) The hog's fennel. See under Fennel.

Sulphuryl (n.) The hypothetical radical SO2; -- called also sulphon.

Sulphydrate (n.) A compound, analogous to a hydrate, regarded as a salt of sulphydric acid, or as a derivative of hydrogen sulphide in which one half of the hydrogen is replaced by a base (as potassium sulphydrate, KSH), or as a hydrate in which the oxygen has been wholly or partially replaced by sulphur.

Sulpician (n.) One of an order of priests established in France in 1642 to educate men for the ministry. The order was introduced soon afterwards into Canada, and in 1791 into the United States.

Sultan (n.) A ruler, or sovereign, of a Mohammedan state; specifically, the ruler of the Turks; the Padishah, or Grand Seignior; -- officially so called.

Sultana (n.) The wife of a sultan; a sultaness.

Sultana (n.) A kind of seedless raisin produced near Smyrna in Asiatic Turkey.

Sultanate (n.) The rule or dominion of a sultan; sultanship.

Sultaness (n.) A sultana.

Sultanry (n.) The dominions of a sultan.

Sultanship (n.) The office or dignity of a sultan.

Sultany (n.) Sultanry.

Sultriness (n.) The quality or state of being sultry.

Sum (n.) The aggregate of two or more numbers, magnitudes, quantities, or particulars; the amount or whole of any number of individuals or particulars added together; as, the sum of 5 and 7 is 12.

Sum (n.) A quantity of money or currency; any amount, indefinitely; as, a sum of money; a small sum, or a large sum.

Sum (n.) The principal points or thoughts when viewed together; the amount; the substance; compendium; as, this is the sum of all the evidence in the case; this is the sum and substance of his objections.

Sum (n.) Height; completion; utmost degree.

Sum (n.) A problem to be solved, or an example to be wrought out.

Sumac (n.) Alt. of Sumach

Sumach (n.) Any plant of the genus Rhus, shrubs or small trees with usually compound leaves and clusters of small flowers. Some of the species are used in tanning, some in dyeing, and some in medicine. One, the Japanese Rhus vernicifera, yields the celebrated Japan varnish, or lacquer.

Sumach (n.) The powdered leaves, peduncles, and young branches of certain species of the sumac plant, used in tanning and dyeing.

Sumatran (n.) A native of Sumatra.

Sumbul (n.) The musky root of an Asiatic umbelliferous plant, Ferula Sumbul. It is used in medicine as a stimulant.

Summarist (n.) One who summarized.

Summer (n.) A large stone or beam placed horizontally on columns, piers, posts, or the like, serving for various uses. Specifically: (a) The lintel of a door or window. (b) The commencement of a cross vault. (c) A central floor timber, as a girder, or a piece reaching from a wall to a girder. Called also summertree.

Summer (n.) The season of the year in which the sun shines most directly upon any region; the warmest period of the year.

Summerhouse (n.) A rustic house or apartment in a garden or park, to be used as a pleasure resort in summer.

Summer

Summersault (n.) Alt. of Summerset

Summerset (n.) See Somersault, Somerset.

Summertide (n.) Summer time.

Summertree (n.) A summer. See 2d Summer.

Summist (n.) One who sums up; one who forms an abridgment or summary.

Summit (n.) The top; the highest point.

Summit (n.) The highest degree; the utmost elevation; the acme; as, the summit of human fame.

Summit (n.) The most elevated part of a bivalve shell, or the part in which the hinge is situated.

Summity (n.) The height or top of anything.

Summity (n.) The utmost degree; perfection.

Sumner (n.) A summoner.

Sumoom (n.) See Simoom.

Sump (n.) A round pit of stone,

Sump (n.) The cistern or reservoir made at the lowest point of a mine, from which is pumped the water which accumulates there.

Sump (n.) A pond of water for salt works.

Sump (n.) A puddle or dirty pool.

Sumph (n.) A dunce; a blockhead.

Sumpitan (n.) A kind of blowgun for discharging arrows, -- used by the savages of Borneo and adjacent islands.

Sumpter (n.) The driver of a pack horse.

Sumpter (n.) A pack; a burden.

Sumpter (n.) An animal, especially a horse, that carries packs or burdens; a baggage horse.

Sumption (n.) A taking.

Sumption (n.) The major premise of a syllogism.

Sumptuosity (n.) Expensiveness; cost

Sun (n.) See Sunn.

Sun (n.) The luminous orb, the light of which constitutes day, and its absence night; the central body round which the earth and planets revolve, by which they are held in their orbits, and from which they receive light and heat. Its mean distance from the earth is about 92,500,000 miles, and its diameter about 860,000.

Sun (n.) Any heavenly body which forms the center of a system of orbs.

Sun (n.) The direct light or warmth of the sun; sunshine.

Sun (n.) That which resembles the sun, as in splendor or importance; any source of light, warmth, or animation.

Sunbeam (n.) A beam or ray of the sun.

Sunbird (n.) Any one of numerous species of small brilliantly colored birds of the family Nectariniidae, native of Africa, Southern Asia, the East Indies, and Australia. In external appearance and habits they somewhat resemble humming birds, but they are true singing birds (Oscines).

Sunbird (n.) The sun bittern.

Sunblink (n.) A glimpse or flash of the sun.

Sunbonnet (n.) A bonnet, generally made of some thin or light fabric, projecting beyond the face, and commonly having a cape, -- worn by women as a protection against the sun.

Sunbow (n.) A rainbow; an iris.

Sunburn (n.) The burning or discoloration produced on the skin by the heat of the sun; tan.

Sun-burner (n.) A circle or cluster of gas-burners for lighting and ventilating public buildings.

Sunburning (n.) Sunburn; tan.

Sunburst (n.) A burst of sunlight.

Sundart (n.) Sunbeam.

Sunday (n.) The first day of the week, -- consecrated among Christians to rest from secular employments, and to religious worship; the Christian Sabbath; the Lord's Day.

Sundew (n.) Any plant of the genus Drosera, low bog plants whose leaves are beset with pediceled glands which secrete a viscid fluid that glitters like dewdrops and attracts and detains insects. After an insect is caught, the glands curve inward like tentacles and the leaf digests it. Called also lustwort.

Sundial (n.) An instrument to show the time of day by means of the shadow of a gnomon, or style, on a plate.

Sundog (n.) A luminous spot occasionally seen a few degrees from the sun, supposed to be formed by the intersection of two or more halos, or in a manner similar to that of halos.

Sundown (n.) The setting of the sun; sunset.

Sundown (n.) A kind of broad-brimmed sun hat worn by women.

Sundryman (n.) One who deals in sundries, or a variety of articles.

Sunfish (n.) A very large oceanic plectognath fish (Mola mola, Mola rotunda, or Orthagoriscus mola) having a broad body and a truncated tail.

Sunfish (n.) Any one of numerous species of perch-like North American fresh-water fishes of the family Centrachidae. They have a broad, compressed body, and strong dorsal spines. Among the common species of the Eastern United States are Lepomis gibbosus (called also bream, pondfish, pumpkin seed, and sunny), the blue sunfish, or dollardee (L. pallidus), and the long-eared sunfish (L. auritus). Several of the species are called also pondfish.

Sunfish (n.) The moonfish, or bluntnosed shiner.

Sunfish (n.) The opah.

Sunfish (n.) The basking, or liver, shark.

Sunfish (n.) Any large jellyfish.

Sunflower (n.) Any plant of the genus Helianthus; -- so called probably from the form and color of its flower, which is large disk with yellow rays. The commonly cultivated sunflower is Helianthus annuus, a native of America.

Sunglass (n.) A convex lens of glass for producing heat by converging the sun's rays into a focus.

Sunglow (n.) A rosy flush in the sky seen after sunset.

Sunlight (n.) The light of the sun.

Sunn (n.) An East Indian leguminous plant (Crotalaria juncea) and its fiber, which is also called sunn hemp.

Sunna (n.) A collection of traditions received by the orthodox Mohammedans as of equal authority with the Koran.

Sunniah (n.) One of the sect of Sunnites.

Sunniness (n.) The quality or state of being sunny.

Sunnite (n.) One of the orthodox Mohammedans who receive the Sunna as of equal importance with the Koran.

Sunnud (n.) A charter or warrant; also, a deed of gift.

Sunny (n.) See Sunfish (b).

Sunrise (n.) Alt. of Sunrising

Sunrising (n.) The first appearance of the sun above the horizon in the morning; more generally, the time of such appearance, whether in fair or cloudy weather; as, to begin work at sunrise.

Sunrising (n.) Hence, the region where the sun rises; the east.

Sunset (n.) Alt. of Sunsetting

Sunsetting (n.) The descent of the sun below the horizon; also, the time when the sun sets; evening. Also used figuratively.

Sunsetting (n.) Hence, the region where the sun sets; the west.

Sunshade (n.) Anything used as a protection from the sun's rays.

Sunshade (n.) A small parasol.

Sunshade (n.) An awning.

Sunshine (n.) The light of the sun, or the place where it shines; the direct rays of the sun, the place where they fall, or the warmth and light which they give.

Sunshine (n.) Anything which has a warming and cheering influence like that of the rays of the sun; warmth; illumination; brightness.

Sunsquall (n.) Any large jellyfish.

Sunsted (n.) Solstice.

Sunstone (n.) Aventurine feldspar. See under Aventurine.

Sunstroke (n.) Any affection produced by the action of the sun on some part of the body; especially, a sudden prostration of the physical powers, with symptoms resembling those of apoplexy, occasioned by exposure to excessive heat, and often terminating fatally; coup de soleil.

Sunup (n.) Sunrise.

Sup (n.) A small mouthful, as of liquor or broth; a little taken with the lips; a sip.

Supawn (n.) Boiled Indian meal; hasty pudding; mush.

Supe (n.) A super.

Super (n.) A contraction of Supernumerary, in sense 2.

Superabundance (n.) The quality or state of being superabundant; a superabundant quantity; redundancy; excess.

Superaddition (n.) The act of adding something in excess or something extraneous; also, something which is added in excess or extraneously.

Superalimentation (n.) The act of overfeeding, or making one take food in excess of the natural appetite for it.

Superaltar (n.) A raised shelf or stand on the back of an altar, on which different objects can be placed; a predella or gradino.

Superannuation (n.) The state of being superannuated, or too old for office or business; the state of being disqualified by old age; decrepitude.

Supercarbonate (n.) A bicarbonate.

Supercargo (n.) An officer or person in a merchant ship, whose duty is to manage the sales, and superintend the commercial concerns, of the voyage.

Supercharge (n.) A bearing charged upon another bearing.

Superchery (n.) Deceit; fraud; imposition.

Supercilium (n.) The eyebrow, or the region of the eyebrows.

Supercolumniation (n.) The putting of one order above another; also, an architectural work produced by this method; as, the putting of the Doric order in the ground story, Ionic above it, and Corinthian or Composite above this.

Superconception (n.) Superfetation.

Superconsequence (n.) Remote consequence.

Supercrescence (n.) That which grows upon another growing thing; a parasite.

Superdominant (n.) The sixth tone of the scale; that next above the dominant; -- called also submediant.

Supereminence (n.) Alt. of Supereminency

Supereminency (n.) The quality or state of being supereminent; distinguished eminence; as, the supereminence of Cicero as an orator, or Lord Chatham as a statesman.

Supererogation (n.) The act of supererogating; performance of more than duty or necessity requires.

Superexaltation (n.) Elevation above the common degree.

Superexcellence (n.) Superior excellence; extraordinary excellence.

Superexcination (n.) Excessive, or more than normal, excitation.

Superexcrescence (n.) Something growing superfluously.

Superfamily (n.) A group intermediate between a family and a suborder.

Superfecundation (n.) Fertilization of two ova, at the same menstruation, by two different acts of coition.

Superfecundity (n.) Superabundant fecundity or multiplication of the species.

Superfetation (n.) The formation of a fetus at the result of an impregnation occurring after another impregnation but before the birth of the offspring produced by it. This is possible only when there is a double uterus, or where menstruation persists up to the time of the second impregnation.

Superfice (n.) A superficies.

Superficialist (n.) One who attends to anything superficially; a superficial or shallow person; a sciolist; a smatterer.

Superficiality (n.) The quality or state of being superficial; also, that which is superficial.

Superficiary (n.) One to whom a right of surface occupation is granted; one who pays quitrent for a house built upon another man's ground.

Superficies (n.) The surface; the exterior part, superficial area, or face of a thing.

Superficies (n.) Everything on the surface of a piece of ground, or of a building, so closely connected by art or nature as to constitute a part of it, as houses, or other superstructures, fences, trees, vines, etc.

Superficies (n.) A real right consisting of a grant by a landed proprietor of a piece of ground, bearing a strong resemblance to the long building leases granted by landholders in England, in consideration of a rent, and under reservation of the ownership of the soil.

Superfineness (n.) The state of being superfine.

Superfluence (n.) Superfluity.

Superfluity (n.) A greater quantity than is wanted; superabundance; as, a superfluity of water; a superfluity of wealth.

Superfluity (n.) The state or quality of being superfluous; excess.

Superfluity (n.) Something beyond what is needed; something which serves for show or luxury.

Superflux (n.) Superabundance; superfluity; an overflowing.

Superfoetation (n.) Superfetation.

Superfoliation (n.) Excess of foliation.

Superfrontal (n.) A cloth which is placed over the top of an altar, and often hangs down a few inches over the frontal.

Superheat (n.) The increase of temperature communicated to steam by superheating it.

Superheater (n.) An apparatus for superheating steam.

Superhive (n.) A removable upper part of a hive. The word is sometimes contracted to super.

Superinpregnation (n.) The act of impregnating, or the state of being impregnated, in addition to a prior impregnation; superfetation.

Superincumbence (n.) Alt. of Superincumbency

Superincumbency (n.) The quality or state of being superincumbent.

Superinducement (n.) Superinduction.

Superinduction (n.) The act of superinducing, or the state of being superinduced.

Superinjection (n.) An injection succeeding another.

Superinstitution (n.) One institution upon another, as when A is instituted and admitted to a benefice upon a title, and B instituted and admitted upon the presentation of another.

Superintendence (n.) The act of superintending; care and oversight for the purpose of direction; supervision.

Superintendency (n.) The act of superintending; superintendence.

Superintendent (n.) One who has the oversight and charge of some place, institution, or organization, affairs, etc., with the power of direction; as, the superintendent of an almshouse; the superintendent of public works.

Superintender (n.) A superintendent.

Superinvestiture (n.) An outer vestment or garment.

Superior (n.) One who is above, or surpasses, another in rank, station, office, age, ability, or merit; one who surpasses in what is desirable; as, Addison has no superior as a writer of pure English.

Superior (n.) The head of a monastery, convent, abbey, or the like.

Superioress (n.) A woman who acts as chief in a convent, abbey, or nunnery; a lady superior.

Superiority (n.) The quality, state, or condition of being superior; as, superiority of rank; superiority in merit.

Superlation (n.) Exaltation of anything beyond truth or propriety.

Superlative (n.) That which is highest or most eminent; the utmost degree.

Superlative (n.) The superlative degree of adjectives and adverbs; also, a form or word by which the superlative degree is expressed; as, strongest, wisest, most stormy, least windy, are all superlatives.

Superlucration (n.) Excessive or extraordinary gain.

Supermaxilla (n.) The supermaxilla.

Supernatant (n.) The liquid remaining after solids suspended in the liquid have been sedimented by gravity or by centrifugation. Contrasted with the solid sediment, or (in centrifugation) the pellet.

Supernatation (n.) The act of floating on the surface of a fluid.

Supernaturalism (n.) The quality or state of being supernatural; supernaturalness.

Supernaturalism (n.) The doctrine of a divine and supernatural agency in the production of the miracles and revelations recorded in the Bible, and in the grace which renews and sanctifies men, -- in opposition to the doctrine which denies the agency of any other than physical or natural causes in the case.

Supernaturalist (n.) One who holds to the principles of supernaturalism.

Supernaturality (n.) The quality or state of being supernatural.

Supernaturalness (n.) The quality or state of being supernatural.

Supernumerary (n.) A person or thing beyond the number stated.

Supernumerary (n.) A person or thing beyond what is necessary or usual; especially, a person employed not for regular service, but only to fill the place of another in case of need; specifically, in theaters, a person who is not a regular actor, but is employed to appear in a stage spectacle.

Superorder (n.) A group intermediate in importance between an order and a subclass.

Superordination (n.) The ordination of a person to fill a station already occupied; especially, the ordination by an ecclesiastical official, during his lifetime, of his successor.

Superoxide (n.) See Peroxide.

Superphosphate (n.) An acid phosphate.

Superplant (n.) A plant growing on another, as the mistletoe; an epiphyte.

Superplus (n.) Surplus.

Superplusage (n.) Surplusage.

Superposition (n.) The act of superposing, or the state of being superposed; as, the superposition of rocks; the superposition of one plane figure on another, in geometry.

Superproportion (n.) Overplus or excess of proportion.

Superpurgation (n.) Excessive purgation.

Superreflection (n.) The reflection of a reflected image or sound.

Supersaliency (n.) The act of leaping on anything.

Supersalt (n.) An acid salt. See Acid salt (a), under Salt, n.

Supersaturation (n.) The operation of supersaturating, or the state of being supersaturated.

Superscript (n.) Superscription.

Superscription (n.) The act of superscribing.

Superscription (n.) That which is written or engraved on the surface, outside, or above something else; specifically, an address on a letter, envelope, or the like.

Superscription (n.) That part of a prescription which contains the Latin word recipe (Take) or the sign /.

Supersedeas (n.) A writ of command to suspend the powers of an officer in certain cases, or to stay proceedings under another writ.

Supersedure (n.) The act of superseding, or setting aside; supersession; as, the supersedure of trial by jury.

Supersemination (n.) The sowing of seed over seed previously sown.

Supersession (n.) The act of superseding, or the state of being superseded; supersedure.

Superstition (n.) An excessive reverence for, or fear of, that which is unknown or mysterious.

Superstition (n.) An ignorant or irrational worship of the Supreme Deity; excessive exactness or rigor in religious opinions or practice; extreme and unnecessary scruples in the observance of religious rites not commanded, or of points of minor importance; also, a rite or practice proceeding from excess of sculptures in religion.

Superstition (n.) The worship of a false god or gods; false religion; religious veneration for objects.

Superstition (n.) Belief in the direct agency of superior powers in certain extraordinary or singular events, or in magic, omens, prognostics, or the like.

Superstition (n.) Excessive nicety; scrupulous exactness.

Superstitionist (n.) One addicted to superstition.

Superstatum (n.) A stratum, or layer, above another.

Superstruction (n.) The act of superstructing, or building upon.

Superstruction (n.) That which id superstructed, or built upon some foundation; an edifice; a superstructure.

Superstructor (n.) One who builds a superstructure.

Superstructure (n.) Any material structure or edifice built on something else; that which is raised on a foundation or basis

Superstructure (n.) all that part of a building above the basement. Also used figuratively.

Superstructure (n.) The sleepers, and fastenings, in distinction from the roadbed.

Supersulphate (n.) An acid sulphate.

Supertemporal (n.) That which is more than temporal; that which is eternal.

Supertonic (n.) The note next above the keynote; the second of the scale.

Supertuberation (n.) The production of young tubers, as potatoes, from the old while still growing.

Supervention (n.) The act of supervening.

Supervisal (n.) Supervision.

Supervise (n.) Supervision; inspection.

Supervision (n.) The act of overseeing; inspection; superintendence; oversight.

Supervisor (n.) One who supervises; an overseer; an inspector; a superintendent; as, a supervisor of schools.

Supervisor (n.) A spectator; a looker-on.

Supination (n.) The act of turning the hand palm upward; also, position of the hand with the palm upward.

Supination (n.) The act or state of lying with the face upward. Opposed to pronation.

Supinator (n.) A muscle which produces the motion of supination.

Supine (n.) A verbal noun; or (according to C.F.Becker), a case of the infinitive mood ending in -um and -u, that in -um being sometimes called the former supine, and that in -u the latter supine.

Supinity (n.) Supineness.

Suppage (n.) What may be supped; pottage.

Suppalpation (n.) The act of enticing by soft words; enticement.

Supparasitation (n.) The act of flattering to gain favor; servile approbation.

Suppawn (n.) See Supawn.

Suppeditation (n.) Supply; aid afforded.

Supper (n.) A meal taken at the close of the day; the evening meal.

Supping (n.) The act of one who sups; the act of taking supper.

Supping (n.) That which is supped; broth.

Supplant (n.) To trip up.

Supplant (n.) To remove or displace by stratagem; to displace and take the place of; to supersede; as, a rival supplants another in the favor of a mistress or a prince.

Supplant (n.) To overthrow, undermine, or force away, in order to get a substitute in place of.

Supplantation (n.) The act of supplanting or displacing.

Supplanter (n.) One who supplants.

Supple-jack (n.) A climbing shrub (Berchemia volubilus) of the Southern United States, having a tough and pliable stem.

Supple-jack (n.) A somewhat similar tropical American plant (Paullinia Curassavica); also, a walking stick made from its stem.

Supplementation (n.) The act of supplementing.

Suppleness (n.) The quality or state of being supple; flexibility; pliableness; pliancy.

Suppletory (n.) That which is to supply what is wanted.

Supplial (n.) The act of supplying; a supply.

Suppliance (n.) That which supplies a want; assistance; a gratification; satisfaction.

Suppliance (n.) Supplication; entreaty.

Suppliant (n.) One who supplicates; a humble petitioner; one who entreats submissively.

Supplicancy (n.) Supplication.

Supplicant (n.) One who supplicates; a suppliant.

Supplicat (n.) A petition; esp., a written one, with a certificate that the conditions have been complied with.

Supplication (n.) The act of supplicating; humble and earnest prayer, as in worship.

Supplication (n.) A humble petition; an earnest request; an entreaty.

Supplication (n.) A religious solemnity observed in consequence of some military success, and also, in times of distress and danger, to avert the anger of the gods.

Supplicator (n.) One who supplicates; a supplicant.

Supplier (n.) One who supplies.

Supply (n.) The act of supplying; supplial.

Supply (n.) That which supplies a want; sufficiency of things for use or want.

Supply (n.) Auxiliary troops or reenforcements.

Supply (n.) The food, and the like, which meets the daily necessities of an army or other large body of men; store; -- used chiefly in the plural; as, the army was discontented for lack of supplies.

Supply (n.) An amount of money provided, as by Parliament or Congress, to meet the annual national expenditures; generally in the plural; as, to vote supplies.

Supply (n.) A person who fills a place for a time; one who supplies the place of another; a substitute; esp., a clergyman who supplies a vacant pulpit.

Supplyment (n.) A supplying or furnishing; supply.

Support (n.) The act, state, or operation of supporting, upholding, or sustaining.

Support (n.) That which upholds, sustains, or keeps from falling, as a prop, a pillar, or a foundation of any kind.

Support (n.) That which maintains or preserves from being overcome, falling, yielding, sinking, giving way, or the like; subsistence; maintenance; assistance; reenforcement; as, he gave his family a good support, the support of national credit; the assaulting column had the support of a battery.

Supportance (n.) Support.

Supportation (n.) Maintenance; support.

Supporter (n.) One who, or that which, supports; as, oxygen is a supporter of life.

Supporter (n.) Especially, an adherent; one who sustains, advocates, and defends; as, the supporter of a party, faction, or candidate.

Supporter (n.) A knee placed under the cathead.

Supporter (n.) A figure, sometimes of a man, but commonly of some animal, placed on either side of an escutcheon, and exterior to it. Usually, both supporters of an escutcheon are similar figures.

Supporter (n.) A broad band or truss for supporting the abdomen or some other part or organ.

Supportment (n.) Support.

Supportress (n.) A female supporter.

Supposal (n.) The act of supposing; also, that which is supposed; supposition; opinion.

Suppose (n.) Supposition.

Supposeer (n.) One who supposes.

Supposition (n.) The act of supposing, laying down, imagining, or considering as true or existing, what is known not to be true, or what is not proved.

Supposition (n.) That which is supposed; hypothesis; conjecture; surmise; opinion or belief without sufficient evidence.

Suppositive (n.) A word denoting or implying supposition, as the words if, granting, provided, etc.

Suppositor (n.) An apparatus for the introduction of suppositories into the rectum.

Suppository (n.) A pill or bolus for introduction into the rectum; esp., a cylinder or cone of medicated cacao butter.

Supposure (n.) Supposition; hypothesis; conjecture.

Suppression (n.) The act of suppressing, or the state of being suppressed; repression; as, the suppression of a riot, insurrection, or tumult; the suppression of truth, of reports, of evidence, and the like.

Suppression (n.) Complete stoppage of a natural secretion or excretion; as, suppression of urine; -- used in contradiction to retention, which signifies that the secretion or excretion is retained without expulsion.

Suppression (n.) Omission; as, the suppression of a word.

Suppressor (n.) One who suppresses.

Suppurant (n.) A suppurative.

Suppuration (n.) The act or process of suppurating.

Suppuration (n.) The matter produced by suppuration; pus.

Suppurative (n.) A suppurative medicine.

Supputation (n.) Reckoning; account.

Supra-auricular (n.) A supra-auricular feather.

Supraclavicle (n.) A bone which usually connects the clavicle with the post-temporal in the pectorial arch of fishes.

Supra-ilium (n.) The cartilaginous cap at the sacral end of the ilium of some animals.

Supralapsarian (n.) One of that class of Calvinists who believed that God's decree of election determined that man should fall, in order that the opportunity might be furnished of securing the redemption of a part of the race, the decree of salvation being conceived of as formed before or beyond, and not after or following, the lapse, or fall. Cf. Infralapsarian.

Supralapsarianism (n.) The doctrine, belief, or principles of the Supralapsarians.

Supralapsary (n.) A Supralapsarian.

Supraloral (n.) A supraloral feather.

Supramaxilla (n.) The upper jaw or maxilla.

Supranaturalism (n.) The state of being supernatural; belief in supernatural agency or revelation; supernaturalism.

Supranaturalist (n.) A supernaturalist.

Supraoccipital (n.) The supraoccipital bone.

Supraprotest (n.) An acceptance of a bill by a third person after protest for nonacceptance by the drawee.

Suprarenal (n.) A suprarenal capsule.

Suprastapedial (n.) The suprastapedial part of the columella.

Supratemporal (n.) A supratemporal bone.

Supravision (n.) Supervision.

Supravisor (n.) A supervisor.

Supremacy (n.) The state of being supreme, or in the highest station of power; highest or supreme authority or power; as, the supremacy of a king or a parliament.

Supremity (n.) Supremacy.

Sura (n.) One of the sections or chapters of the Koran, which are one hundred and fourteen in number.

Suradanni (n.) A valuable kind of wood obtained on the shores of the Demerara River in South America, much used for timbers, rails, naves and fellies of wheels, and the like.

Suraddition (n.) Something added or appended, as to a name.

Surah (n.) A soft twilled silk fabric much used for women's dresses; -- called also surah silk.

Surance (n.) Assurance.

Surangular (n.) The surangular bone.

Surbase (n.) A cornice, or series of moldings, on the top of the base of a pedestal, podium, etc. See Illust. of Column.

Surbase (n.) A board or group of moldings running round a room on a level with the tops of the chair backs.

Surcease (n.) Cessation; stop; end.

Surceaseance (n.) Cessation.

Surcharge (n.) An overcharge; an excessive load or burden; a load greater than can well be borne.

Surcharge (n.) The putting, by a commoner, of more beasts on the common than he has a right to.

Surcharge (n.) The showing an omission, as in an account, for which credit ought to have been given.

Surchargement (n.) The act of surcharging; also, surcharge, surplus.

Surcharger (n.) One who surcharges.

Surcingle (n.) A belt, band, or girth which passes over a saddle, or over anything laid on a horse's back, to bind it fast.

Surcingle (n.) The girdle of a cassock, by which it is fastened round the waist.

Surcle (n.) A little shoot; a twig; a sucker.

Surcoat (n.) A coat worn over the other garments; especially, the long and flowing garment of knights, worn over the armor, and frequently emblazoned with the arms of the wearer.

Surcoat (n.) A name given to the outer garment of either sex at different epochs of the Middle Ages.

Surcrew (n.) Increase; addition; surplus.

Surculation (n.) Act of purning.

Surd (n.) A quantity which can not be expressed by rational numbers; thus, A2 is a surd.

Surd (n.) A surd element of speech. See Surd, a., 4.

Surdiny (n.) A sardine.

Surdity (n.) Deafness.

Surement (n.) A making sure; surety.

Sureness (n.) The state of being sure; certainty.

Suresby (n.) One to be sure of, or to be relied on.

Suretiship (n.) Suretyship.

Surety (n.) The state of being sure; certainty; security.

Surety (n.) That which makes sure; that which confirms; ground of confidence or security.

Surety (n.) Security against loss or damage; security for payment, or for the performance of some act.

Surety (n.) One who is bound with and for another who is primarily liable, and who is called the principal; one who engages to answer for another's appearance in court, or for his payment of a debt, or for performance of some act; a bondsman; a bail.

Surety (n.) Hence, a substitute; a hostage.

Surety (n.) Evidence; confirmation; warrant.

Suretyship (n.) The state of being surety; the obligation of a person to answer for the debt, default, or miscarriage of another.

Surf (n.) The swell of the sea which breaks upon the shore, esp. upon a sloping beach.

Surf (n.) The bottom of a drain.

Surface (n.) The exterior part of anything that has length and breadth; one of the limits that bound a solid, esp. the upper face; superficies; the outside; as, the surface of the earth; the surface of a diamond; the surface of the body.

Surface (n.) Hence, outward or external appearance.

Surface (n.) A magnitude that has length and breadth without thickness; superficies; as, a plane surface; a spherical surface.

Surface (n.) That part of the side which is terminated by the flank prolonged, and the angle of the nearest bastion.

Surfacer (n.) A form of machine for dressing the surface of wood, metal, stone, etc.

Surfboat (n.) A boat intended for use in heavy surf. It is built with a pronounced sheer, and with a view to resist the shock of waves and of contact with the beach.

Surfeit (n.) Excess in eating and drinking.

Surfeit (n.) Fullness and oppression of the system, occasioned often by excessive eating and drinking.

Surfeit (n.) Disgust caused by excess; satiety.

Surfeiter (n.) One who surfeits.

Surfeit-water (n.) Water for the cure of surfeits.

Surfer (n.) The surf duck.

Surfman (n.) One who serves in a surfboat in the life-saving service.

Surge (n.) A spring; a fountain.

Surge (n.) A large wave or billow; a great, rolling swell of water, produced generally by a high wind.

Surge (n.) The motion of, or produced by, a great wave.

Surge (n.) The tapered part of a windlass barrel or a capstan, upon which the cable surges, or slips.

Surge (n.) To let go or slacken suddenly, as a rope; as, to surge a hawser or messenger; also, to slacken the rope about (a capstan).

Surgeon (n.) One whose profession or occupation is to cure diseases or injuries of the body by manual operation; one whose occupation is to cure local injuries or disorders (such as wounds, dislocations, tumors, etc.), whether by manual operation, or by medication and constitutional treatment.

Surgeon (n.) Any one of numerous species of chaetodont fishes of the family Teuthidae, or Acanthuridae, which have one or two sharp lancelike spines on each side of the base of the tail. Called also surgeon fish, doctor fish, lancet fish, and sea surgeon.

Surgeoncy (n.) The office or employment of a surgeon, as in the naval or military service.

Surgeonry (n.) Surgery.

Surgery (n.) The art of healing by manual operation; that branch of medical science which treats of manual operations for the healing of diseases or injuries of the body; that branch of medical science which has for its object the cure of local injuries or diseases, as wounds or fractures, tumors, etc., whether by manual operation or by medicines and constitutional treatment.

Surgery (n.) A surgeon's operating room or laboratory.

Suricat (n.) Same as Zenick.

Surintendant (n.) Superintendent.

Sur

Surling (n.) A sour, morose fellow.

Surloin (n.) A loin of beef, or the upper part of the loin. See Sirloin, the more usual, but not etymologically preferable, orthography.

Surmark (n.) A mark made on the molds of a ship, when building, to show where the angles of the timbers are to be placed.

Surmisal (n.) Surmise.

Surmise (n.) A thought, imagination, or conjecture, which is based upon feeble or scanty evidence; suspicion; guess; as, the surmisses of jealousy or of envy.

Surmise (n.) Reflection; thought.

Surmiser (n.) One who surmises.

Surmounter (n.) One who, or that which, surmounts.

Surmulot (n.) The brown, or Norway, rat.

Surname (n.) A name or appellation which is added to, or over and above, the baptismal or Christian name, and becomes a family name.

Surname (n.) An appellation added to the original name; an agnomen.

Suroxide (n.) A peroxide.

Surplice (n.) A white garment worn over another dress by the clergy of the Roman Catholic, Episcopal, and certain other churches, in some of their ministrations.

Surplus (n.) That which remains when use or need is satisfied, or when a limit is reached; excess; overplus.

Surplus (n.) Specifically, an amount in the public treasury at any time greater than is required for the ordinary purposes of the government.

Surplusage (n.) Surplus; excess; overplus; as, surplusage of grain or goods beyond what is wanted.

Surplusage (n.) Matter in pleading which is not necessary or relevant to the case, and which may be rejected.

Surplusage (n.) A greater disbursement than the charge of the accountant amounts to.

Surprisal (n.) The act of surprising, or state of being surprised; surprise.

Surprise (n.) The act of coming upon, or taking, unawares; the act of seizing unexpectedly; surprisal; as, the fort was taken by surprise.

Surprise (n.) The state of being surprised, or taken unawares, by some act or event which could not reasonably be foreseen; emotion excited by what is sudden and strange; a suddenly excited feeling of wonder or astonishment.

Surprise (n.) Anything that causes such a state or emotion.

Surprise (n.) A dish covered with a crust of raised paste, but with no other contents.

Surprise (n.) To come or fall suddenly and unexpectedly; to take unawares; to seize or capture by unexpected attack.

Surprise (n.) To strike with wonder, astonishment, or confusion, by something sudden, unexpected, or remarkable; to confound; as, his conduct surprised me.

Surprise (n.) To lead (one) to do suddenly and without forethought; to bring (one) into some unexpected state; -- with into; as, to be surprised into an indiscretion; to be surprised into generosity.

Surprise (n.) To hold possession of; to hold.

Surprisement (n.) Surprisal.

Surpriser (n.) One who surprises.

Surquedry (n.) Alt. of Surquidry

Surquidry (n.) Overweening pride; arrogance; presumption; insolence.

Surrebuter (n.) The reply of a plaintiff to a defendant's rebutter.

Surrejoinder (n.) The answer of a plaintiff to a defendant's rejoinder.

Surrender (n.) The act of surrendering; the act of yielding, or resigning one's person, or the possession of something, into the power of another; as, the surrender of a castle to an enemy; the surrender of a right.

Surrender (n.) The yielding of a particular estate to him who has an immediate estate in remainder or reversion.

Surrender (n.) The giving up of a principal into lawful custody by his bail.

Surrender (n.) The delivery up of fugitives from justice by one government to another, as by a foreign state. See Extradition.

Surrenderee (n.) The person to whom a surrender is made.

Surrenderer (n.) One who surrenders.

Surrenderor (n.) One who makes a surrender, as of an estate.

Surrendry (n.) Surrender.

Surreption (n.) The act or process of getting in a surreptitious manner, or by craft or stealth.

Surreption (n.) A coming unperceived or suddenly.

Surrey (n.) A four-wheeled pleasure carriage, (commonly two-seated) somewhat like a phaeton, but having a straight bottom.

Surrogate (n.) A deputy; a delegate; a substitute.

Surrogate (n.) The deputy of an ecclesiastical judge, most commonly of a bishop or his chancellor, especially a deputy who grants marriage licenses.

Surrogate (n.) In some States of the United States, an officer who presides over the probate of wills and testaments and yield the settlement of estates.

Surrogateship (n.) The office of a surrogate.

Surrogation (n.) The act of substituting one person in the place of another.

Surround (n.) A method of hunting some animals, as the buffalo, by surrounding a herd, and driving them over a precipice, into a ravine, etc.

Surrounding (n.) An encompassing.

Surrounding (n.) The things which surround or environ; external or attending circumstances or conditions.

Surroyal (n.) One of the terminal branches or divisions of the beam of the antler of the stag or other large deer.

Sursanure (n.) A wound healed or healing outwardly only.

Surseance (n.) Peace; quiet.

Sursolid (n.) The fifth power of a number; as, a/ is the sursolid of a, or 32 that of 2.

Surtax (n.) An additional or extra tax.

Surtout (n.) A man's coat to be worn over his other garments; an overcoat, especially when long, and fitting closely like a body coat.

Surturbrand (n.) A fibrous brown coal or bituminous wood.

Surucucu (n.) See Bush master, under Bush.

Surveillance (n.) Oversight; watch; inspection; supervision.

Surveillant (n.) One who watches over another; an overseer; a spy; a supervisor.

Survenue (n.) A sudden or unexpected coming or stepping on.

Survey (n.) The act of surveying; a general view, as from above.

Survey (n.) A particular view; an examination, especially an official examination, of all the parts or particulars of a thing, with a design to ascertain the condition, quantity, or quality; as, a survey of the stores of a ship; a survey of roads and bridges; a survey of buildings.

Survey (n.) The operation of finding the contour, dimensions, position, or other particulars of, as any part of the earth's surface, whether land or water; also, a measured plan and description of any portion of country, or of a road or

Surveyal (n.) Survey.

Surveyance (n.) Survey; inspection.

Surveying (n.) That branch of applied mathematics which teaches the art of determining the area of any portion of the earth's surface, the length and directions of the bounding

Surveyor (n.) One placed to superintend others; an overseer; an inspector.

Surveyor (n.) One who views and examines for the purpose of ascertaining the condition, quantity, or quality of anything; as, a surveyor of highways, ordnance, etc.

Surveyor (n.) One who surveys or measures land; one who practices the art of surveying.

Surveyor (n.) An officer who ascertains the contents of casks, and the quantity of liquors subject to duty; a gauger.

Surveyor (n.) In the United States, an officer whose duties include the various measures to be taken for ascertaining the quantity, condition, and value of merchandise brought into a port.

Surveyorship (n.) The office of a surveyor.

Surview (n.) A survey.

Survival (n.) A living or continuing longer than, or beyond the existence of, another person, thing, or event; an outliving.

Survival (n.) Any habit, usage, or belief, remaining from ancient times, the origin of which is often unknown, or imperfectly known.

Survivance (n.) Alt. of Survivancy

Survivancy (n.) Survivorship.

Survivency (n.) Survivorship.

Surviver (n.) One who survives; a survivor.

Survivor (n.) One who survives or outlives another person, or any time, event, or thing.

Survivor (n.) The longer liver of two joint tenants, or two persons having a joint interest in anything.

Survivorship (n.) The state of being a survivor.

Survivorship (n.) The right of a joint tenant, or other person who has a joint interest in an estate, to take the whole estate upon the death of other.

Susceptibility (n.) The state or quality of being susceptible; the capability of receiving impressions, or of being affected.

Susceptibility (n.) Specifically, capacity for deep feeling or emotional excitement; sensibility, in its broadest acceptation; impressibility; sensitiveness.

Susception (n.) The act of taking; reception.

Susceptivity (n.) Capacity for receiving; susceptibility.

Susceptor (n.) One who undertakes anything; specifically, a godfather; a sponsor; a guardian.

Suscipiency (n.) Admission.

Suscipient (n.) One who takes or admits; one who receives.

Suscitability (n.) Capability of being suscitated; excitability.

Suscitation (n.) The act of raising or exciting.

Suslik (n.) A ground squirrel (Spermophilus citillus) of Europe and Asia. It has large cheek pouches.

Suspecter (n.) One who suspects.

Suspection (n.) Suspicion.

Suspectiousness (n.) Suspiciousness; cause for suspicion.

Suspend (n.) To attach to something above; to hang; as, to suspend a ball by a thread; to suspend a needle by a loadstone.

Suspend (n.) To make to depend; as, God hath suspended the promise of eternal life on the condition of obedience and ho

Suspend (n.) To cause to cease for a time; to hinder from proceeding; to interrupt; to delay; to stay.

Suspend (n.) To hold in an undetermined or undecided state; as, to suspend one's judgment or opinion.

Suspend (n.) To debar, or cause to withdraw temporarily, from any privilege, from the execution of an office, from the enjoyment of income, etc.; as, to suspend a student from college; to suspend a member of a club.

Suspend (n.) To cause to cease for a time from operation or effect; as, to suspend the habeas corpus act; to suspend the rules of a legislative body.

Suspend (n.) To support in a liquid, as an insoluble powder, by stirring, to facilitate chemical action.

Suspender (n.) One who, or that which, suspends; esp., one of a pair of straps or braces worn over the shoulders, for holding up the trousers.

Suspensation (n.) The act of suspending, or the state of being suspended, especially for a short time; temporary suspension.

Suspensibility (n.) The quality or state of being suspensible.

Suspension (n.) The act of suspending, or the state of being suspended; pendency; as, suspension from a hook.

Suspension (n.) Especially, temporary delay, interruption, or cessation

Suspension (n.) Of labor, study, pain, etc.

Suspension (n.) Of decision, determination, judgment, etc.; as, to ask a suspension of judgment or opinion in view of evidence to be produced.

Suspension (n.) Of the payment of what is due; as, the suspension of a mercantile firm or of a bank.

Suspension (n.) Of punishment, or sentence of punishment.

Suspension (n.) Of a person in respect of the exercise of his office, powers, prerogative, etc.; as, the suspension of a student or of a clergyman.

Suspension (n.) Of the action or execution of law, etc.; as, the suspension of the habeas corpus act.

Suspension (n.) A conditional withholding, interruption, or delay; as, the suspension of a payment on the performance of a condition.

Suspension (n.) The state of a solid when its particles are mixed with, but undissolved in, a fluid, and are capable of separation by straining; also, any substance in this state.

Suspension (n.) A keeping of the hearer in doubt and in attentive expectation of what is to follow, or of what is to be the inference or conclusion from the arguments or observations employed.

Suspension (n.) A stay or postponement of execution of a sentence condemnatory by means of letters of suspension granted on application to the lord ordinary.

Suspension (n.) The prolongation of one or more tones of a chord into the chord which follows, thus producing a momentary discord, suspending the concord which the ear expects. Cf. Retardation.

Suspensor (n.) A suspensory.

Suspensor (n.) The cord which suspends the embryo; and which is attached to the radicle in the young state; the proembryo.

Suspensorium (n.) Anything which suspends or holds up a part: especially, the mandibular suspensorium (a series of bones, or of cartilages representing them) which connects the base of the lower jaw with the skull in most vertebrates below mammals.

Suspensory (n.) That which suspends, or holds up, as a truss

Suspensory (n.) a bandage or bag for supporting the scrotum.

Suspicion (n.) The act of suspecting; the imagination or apprehension of the existence of something (esp. something wrong or hurtful) without proof, or upon very slight evidence, or upon no evidence.

Suspicion (n.) Slight degree; suggestion; hint.

Suspiral (n.) A breathing hole; a vent or ventiduct.

Suspiral (n.) A spring of water passing under ground toward a cistern or conduit.

Suspiration (n.) The act of sighing, or fetching a long and deep breath; a deep respiration; a sigh.

Suspire (n.) A long, deep breath; a sigh.

Sustain (n.) One who, or that which, upholds or sustains; a sustainer.

Sustainer (n.) One who, or that which, sustains.

Sustainment (n.) The act of sustaining; maintenance; support.

Sustenance (n.) The act of sustaining; support; maintenance; subsistence; as, the sustenance of the body; the sustenance of life.

Sustenance (n.) That which supports life; food; victuals; provisions; means of living; as, the city has ample sustenance.

Sustentacle (n.) Sustenance.

Sustentation (n.) The act of sustaining, or the state of being sustained; preservation from falling; support; sustenance; maintenance.

Sustentation (n.) The aggregate of the functions by which a living organism is maintained in a normal condition of weight and growth.

Sustention (n.) Sustentation.

Suster (n.) Alt. of Sustre

Sustre (n.) Sister.

Susu (n.) See Soosoo.

Susurration (n.) A whispering; a soft murmur.

Susurrus (n.) The act of whispering; a whisper; a murmur.

Sutler (n.) A person who follows an army, and sells to the troops provisions, liquors, and the like.

Sutlership (n.) The condition or occupation of a sutler.

Sutor (n.) A kind of sirup made by the Indians of Arizona from the fruit of some cactaceous plant (probably the Cereus giganteus).

Sutra (n.) A precept; an aphorism; a brief rule.

Sutra (n.) A collection of such aphorisms.

Sutra (n.) A body of Hindoo literature containing aphorisms on grammar, meter, law, and philosophy, and forming a connecting link between the Vedic and later Sanscrit literature.

Suttee (n.) A Hindoo widow who immolates herself, or is immolated, on the funeral pile of her husband; -- so called because this act of self-immolation is regarded as envincing excellence of wifely character.

Suttee (n.) The act of burning a widow on the funeral pile of her husband.

Sutteeism (n.) The practice of self-immolation of widows in Hindostan.

Suttle (n.) The weight when the tare has been deducted, and tret is yet to be allowed.

Suture (n.) The act of sewing; also, the

Suture (n.) The uniting of the parts of a wound by stitching.

Suture (n.) The stitch by which the parts are united.

Suture (n.) The

Suture (n.) The

Suture (n.) A

Suture (n.) The

Suture (n.) A seam, or impressed

Suwarrow (n.) The giant cactus (Cereus giganteus); -- so named by the Indians of Arizona. Called also saguaro.

Suzerain (n.) A superior lord, to whom fealty is due; a feudal lord; a lord paramount.

Suzerainty (n.) The dominion or authority of a suzerain; paramount authority.

Swab (n.) To clean with a mop or swab; to wipe when very wet, as after washing; as, to swab the desk of a ship.

Swab (n.) A kind of mop for cleaning floors, the desks of vessels, etc., esp. one made of rope-yarns or threads.

Swab (n.) A bit of sponge, cloth, or the like, fastened to a handle, for cleansing the mouth of a sick person, applying medicaments to deep-seated parts, etc.

Swab (n.) An epaulet.

Swab (n.) A cod, or pod, as of beans or pease.

Swab (n.) A sponge, or other suitable substance, attached to a long rod or handle, for cleaning the bore of a firearm.

Swabber (n.) One who swabs a floor or desk.

Swabber (n.) Formerly, an interior officer on board of British ships of war, whose business it was to see that the ship was kept clean.

Swabber (n.) Same as Swobber, 2.

Swad (n.) A cod, or pod, as of beans or pease.

Swad (n.) A clown; a country bumpkin.

Swad (n.) A lump of mass; also, a crowd.

Swad (n.) A thin layer of refuse at the bottom of a seam.

Swaddle (n.) Anything used to swaddle with, as a cloth or band; a swaddling band.

Swaddlebill (n.) The shoveler.

Swaddler (n.) A term of contempt for an Irish Methodist.

Swag (n.) A swaying, irregular motion.

Swag (n.) A burglar's or thief's booty; boodle.

Swagbelly (n.) A prominent, overhanging belly.

Swagbelly (n.) Any large tumor developed in the abdomen, and neither fluctuating nor sonorous.

Swage (n.) A tool, variously shaped or grooved on the end or face, used by blacksmiths and other workers in metals, for shaping their work, whether sheet metal or forging, by holding the swage upon the work, or the work upon the swage, and striking with a sledge.

Swagger (n.) The act or manner of a swaggerer.

Swaggerer (n.) One who swaggers; a blusterer; a bully; a boastful, noisy fellow.

Swain (n.) A servant.

Swain (n.) A young man dwelling in the country; a rustic; esp., a cuntry gallant or lover; -- chiefly in poetry.

Swainling (n.) A little swain.

Swainmote (n.) A court held before the verders of the forest as judges, by the steward of the court, thrice every year, the swains, or freeholders, within the forest composing the jury.

Swainship (n.) The condition of a swain.

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