Words whose third letter is A
Academical(a.) Belonging to the school or philosophy of Plato; as, the Academic sect or philosophy.
Academic(n.) One holding the philosophy of Socrates and Plato; a Platonist.
Academicism(n.) A tenet of the Academic philosophy.
Academism(n.) The doctrines of the Academic philosophy.
Academist(n.) An Academic philosopher.
Academy(n.) A garden or grove near Athens (so named from the hero Academus), where Plato and his followers held their philosophical conferences; hence, the school of philosophy of which Plato was head.
Academy(n.) A society of learned men united for the advancement of the arts and sciences, and literature, or some particular art or science; as, the French Academy; the American Academy of Arts and Sciences; academies of literature and philology.
Acalephs(pl. ) of Acalephan
Acalephans(pl. ) of Acalephan
Acaleph(n.) Alt. of Acalephan
Acalephan(n.) One of the Acalephae.
Acalephae(n. pl.) A group of Coelenterata, including the Medusae or jellyfishes, and hydroids; -- so called from the stinging power they possess. Sometimes called sea nettles.
Acalephoid(a.) Belonging to or resembling the Acalephae or jellyfishes.
Acanthocephala(n. pl.) A group of intestinal worms, having the proboscis armed with recurved spines.
Acanthocephalous(a.) Having a spiny head, as one of the Acanthocephala.
Acatalepsy(n.) Incomprehensibility of things; the doctrine held by the ancient Skeptic philosophers, that human knowledge never amounts to certainty, but only to probability.
Agami(n.) A South American bird (Psophia crepitans), allied to the cranes, and easily domesticated; -- called also the gold-breasted trumpeter. Its body is about the size of the pheasant. See Trumpeter.
Aha(interj.) An exclamation expressing, by different intonations, triumph, mixed with derision or irony, or simple surprise.
Alabaster(n.) A compact variety or sulphate of lime, or gypsum, of fine texture, and usually white and translucent, but sometimes yellow, red, or gray. It is carved into vases, mantel ornaments, etc.
Amass(v. t.) To collect into a mass or heap; to gather a great quantity of; to accumulate; as, to amass a treasure or a fortune; to amass words or phrases.
Anabasis(n.) A journey or expedition up from the coast, like that of the younger Cyrus into Central Asia, described by Xenophon in his work called "The Anabasis."
Anacrotism(n.) A secondary notch in the pulse curve, obtained in a sphygmographic tracing.
Anaglyph(n.) Any sculptured, chased, or embossed ornament worked in low relief, as a cameo.
Anaglyphic(a.) Alt. of Anaglyphical
Anaglyphical(a.) Pertaining to the art of chasing or embossing in relief; anaglyptic; -- opposed to diaglyptic or sunk work.
Anaglyphic(n.) Work chased or embossed relief.
Anaglyptograph(n.) An instrument by which a correct engraving of any embossed object, such as a medal or cameo, can be executed.
Anaglyptographic(a.) Of or pertaining to anaglyptography; as, anaglyptographic engraving.
Anaglyptography(n.) The art of copying works in relief, or of engraving as to give the subject an embossed or raised appearance; -- used in representing coins, bas-reliefs, etc.
Anagram(n.) Literally, the letters of a word read backwards, but in its usual wider sense, the change or one word or phrase into another by the transposition of its letters. Thus Galenus becomes angelus; William Noy (attorney-general to Charles I., and a laborious man) may be turned into I moyl in law.
Anagraph(n.) An inventory; a record.
Analemma(n.) An orthographic projection of the sphere on the plane of the meridian, the eye being supposed at an infinite distance, and in the east or west point of the horizon.
Analemma(n.) An instrument of wood or brass, on which this projection of the sphere is made, having a movable horizon or cursor; -- formerly much used in solving some common astronomical problems.
Anallantoidea(n. pl.) The division of Vertebrata in which no allantois is developed. It includes amphibians, fishes, and lower forms.
Anamorphism(n.) A distorted image.
Anamorphism(n.) A gradual progression from one type to another, generally ascending.
Anamorphosis(n.) A distorted or monstrous projection or representation of an image on a plane or curved surface, which, when viewed from a certain point, or as reflected from a curved mirror or through a polyhedron, appears regular and in proportion; a deformation of an image.
Anamorphosis(n.) Same as Anamorphism, 2.
Anamorphosis(n.) A morbid or monstrous development, or change of form, or degeneration.
Anamorphosy(n.) Same as Anamorphosis.
Anaphora(n.) A repetition of a word or of words at the beginning of two or more successive clauses.
Anaphrodisia(n.) Absence of sexual appetite.
Anaphrodisiac(a. & n.) Same as Antaphrodisiac.
Anaphroditic(a.) Produced without concourse of sexes.
Anapnograph(n.) A form of spirometer.
Anapophysis(n.) An accessory process in many lumbar vertebrae.
Anaptotic(a.) Having lost, or tending to lose, inflections by phonetic decay; as, anaptotic languages.
Anaptychus(n.) One of a pair of shelly plates found in some cephalopods, as the ammonites.
Anastrophe(n.) An inversion of the natural order of words; as, echoed the hills, for, the hills echoed.
Anatomism(n.) The doctrine that the anatomical structure explains all the phenomena of the organism or of animal life.
Apatite(n.) Native phosphate of lime, occurring usually in six-sided prisms, color often pale green, transparent or translucent.
Arabin(n.) A carbohydrate, isomeric with cane sugar, contained in gum arabic, from which it is extracted as a white, amorphous substance.
Arabinose(n.) A sugar of the composition C5H10O5, obtained from cherry gum by boiling it with dilute sulphuric acid.
Aragonite(n.) A mineral identical in composition with calcite or carbonate of lime, but differing from it in its crystal
Asaphus(n.) A genus of trilobites found in the Lower Silurian formation. See Illust. in Append.
Asarabacca(n.) An acrid herbaceous plant (Asarum Europaeum), the leaves and roots of which are emetic and cathartic. It is principally used in cephalic snuffs.
Asarone(n.) A crystallized substance, resembling camphor, obtained from the Asarum Europaeum; -- called also camphor of asarum.
Avaunt(interj.) Begone; depart; -- a word of contempt or abhorrence, equivalent to the phrase "Get thee gone."
Bead(n.) A little perforated ball, to be strung on a thread, and worn for ornament; or used in a rosary for counting prayers, as by Roman Catholics and Mohammedans, whence the phrases to tell beads, to at one's beads, to bid beads, etc., meaning, to be at prayer.
Bean caper() A deciduous plant of warm climates, generally with fleshy leaves and flowers of a yellow or whitish yellow color, of the genus Zygophyllum.
Bear(n.) One of two constellations in the northern hemisphere, called respectively the Great Bear and the Lesser Bear, or Ursa Major and Ursa Minor.
Bear(n.) Metaphorically: A brutal, coarse, or morose person.
Bearberry(n.) A trailing plant of the heath family (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi), having leaves which are tonic and astringent, and glossy red berries of which bears are said to be fond.
Bear's-breech(n.) The English cow parsnip (Heracleum sphondylium)
Beat(v. i.) A cheat or swindler of the lowest grade; -- often emphasized by dead; as, a dead beat.
Beaten(a.) Become common or trite; as, a beaten phrase.
Beau ideal() A conception or image of consummate beauty, moral or physical, formed in the mind, free from all the deformities, defects, and blemishes seen in actual existence; an ideal or faultless standard or model.
Beaver(n.) An amphibious rodent, of the genus Castor.
Blackbird(n.) In England, a species of thrush (Turdus merula), a singing bird with a fin note; the merle. In America the name is given to several birds, as the Quiscalus versicolor, or crow blackbird; the Agelaeus phoeniceus, or red-winged blackbird; the cowbird; the rusty grackle, etc. See Redwing.
Blackfish(n.) A small kind of whale, of the genus Globicephalus, of several species. The most common is G. melas. Also sometimes applied to other whales of larger size.
Blackfish(n.) A fish of southern Europe (Centrolophus pompilus) of the Mackerel family.
Black-jack(n.) A name given by English miners to sphalerite, or zinc blende; -- called also false galena. See Blende.
Black lead() Plumbago; graphite. It leaves a blackish mark somewhat like lead. See Graphite.
Blacksnake(n.) A snake of a black color, of which two species are common in the United States, the Bascanium constrictor, or racer, sometimes six feet long, and the Scotophis Alleghaniensis, seven or eight feet long.
Bland(a.) Mild; soft; gentle; smooth and soothing in manner; suave; as, a bland temper; bland persuasion; a bland sycophant.
Blasphemed(imp. & p. p.) of Blaspheme
Blaspheming(p. pr. & vb. n.) of Blaspheme
Blaspheme(v.) To speak of, or address, with impious irreverence; to revile impiously (anything sacred); as, to blaspheme the Holy Spirit.
Blaspheme(v.) Figuratively, of persons and things not religiously sacred, but held in high honor: To calumniate; to revile; to abuse.
Blaspheme(v. i.) To utter blasphemy.
Blasphemer(n.) One who blasphemes.
Blasphemous(a.) Speaking or writing blasphemy; uttering or exhibiting anything impiously irreverent; profane; as, a blasphemous person; containing blasphemy; as, a blasphemous book; a blasphemous caricature.
Blasphemously(adv.) In a blasphemous manner.
Blasphemy(n.) An indignity offered to God in words, writing, or signs; impiously irreverent words or signs addressed to, or used in reference to, God; speaking evil of God; also, the act of claiming the attributes or prerogatives of deity.
Blasphemy(n.) Figuratively, of things held in high honor: Calumny; abuse; vilification.
Blastocoele(n.) The cavity of the blastosphere, or segmentation cavity.
Blastophoral(a.) Alt. of Blastophoric
Blastophoric(a.) Relating to the blastophore.
Blastophore(n.) That portion of the spermatospore which is not converted into spermatoblasts, but carries them.
Blastosphere(n.) The hollow globe or sphere formed by the arrangement of the blastomeres on the periphery of an impregnated ovum.
Brachycephalic(a.) Alt. of Brachycephalous
Brachycephalous(a.) Having the skull short in proportion to its breadth; shortheaded; -- in distinction from dolichocephalic.
Brachycephaly(n.) Alt. of Brachycephalism
Brachycephalism(n.) The state or condition of being brachycephalic; shortness of head.
Brachygrapher(n.) A writer in short hand; a stenographer.
Brachyura(n. pl.) A group of decapod Crustacea, including the common crabs, characterized by a small and short abdomen, which is bent up beneath the large cephalo-thorax. [Also spelt Brachyoura.] See Crab, and Illustration in Appendix.
Brain(n.) The anterior or cephalic ganglion in insects and other invertebrates.
Bramah press() A hydrostatic press of immense power, invented by Joseph Bramah of London. See under Hydrostatic.
Branchiostoma(n.) The lancelet. See Amphioxus.
Brass(n.) Lumps of pyrites or sulphuret of iron, the color of which is near to that of brass.
Chacma(n.) A large species of African baboon (Cynocephalus porcarius); -- called also ursine baboon. [See Illust. of Baboon.]
Chafeweed(n.) The cudweed (Gnaphalium), used to prevent or cure chafing.
Chair(v. t.) To carry publicly in a chair in triumph.
Chalcocite(n.) Native copper sulphide, called also copper glance, and vitreous copper; a mineral of a black color and metallic luster.
Chalcographer(n.) Alt. of Chalcographist
Chalcographist(n.) An engraver on copper or brass; hence, an engraver of copper plates for printing upon paper.
Chalcography(n.) The act or art of engraving on copper or brass, especially of engraving for printing.
Chalcopyrite(n.) Copper pyrites, or yellow copper ore; a common ore of copper, containing copper, iron, and sulphur. It occurs massive and in tetragonal crystals of a bright brass yellow color.
Chalkstone(n.) A chalklike concretion, consisting mainly of urate of sodium, found in and about the small joints, in the external ear, and in other situations, in those affected with gout; a tophus.
Chancre(n.) A venereal sore or ulcer; specifically, the initial lesion of true syphilis, whether forming a distinct ulcer or not; -- called also hard chancre, indurated chancre, and Hunterian chancre.
Change(v. i.) To pass from one phase to another; as, the moon changes to-morrow night.
Change(v. t.) A passing from one phase to another; as, a change of the moon.
Character(n.) A unique or extraordinary individuality; a person characterized by peculiar or notable traits; a person who illustrates certain phases of character; as, Randolph was a character; Caesar is a great historical character.
Chart(n.) A map; esp., a hydrographic or marine map; a map on which is projected a portion of water and the land which it surrounds, or by which it is surrounded, intended especially for the use of seamen; as, the United States Coast Survey charts; the English Admiralty charts.
Chartographer(n.) Alt. of Chartography
Chartographic(n.) Alt. of Chartography
Chartography(n.) Same as Cartographer, Cartographic, Cartography, etc.
Cladophyll(n.) A special branch, resembling a leaf, as in the apparent foliage of the broom (Ruscus) and of the common cultivated smilax (Myrsiphillum).
Clamjamphrie(n.) Low, worthless people; the rabble.
Clanjamfrie(n.) Same as Clamjamphrie.
Clause(n.) A separate portion of a written paper, paragraph, or sentence; an article, stipulation, or proviso, in a legal document.
Claustrum(n.) A thin lamina of gray matter in each cerebral hemisphere of the brain of man.
Clawback(n.) A flatterer or sycophant.
Clawback(a.) Flattering; sycophantic.
Coachwhip snake() A large, slender, harmless snake of the southern United States (Masticophis flagelliformis).
Crane(n.) A siphon, or bent pipe, for drawing liquors out of a cask.
Craniologist(n.) One proficient in craniology; a phrenologist.
Crasis(n.) A contraction of two vowels (as the final and initial vowels of united words) into one long vowel, or into a diphthong; synaeresis; as, cogo for coago.
Crater(n.) A constellation of the southen hemisphere; -- called also the Cup.
Cyamelide(n.) A white amorphous substance, regarded as a polymeric modification of isocyanic acid.
Cyanophyll(n.) A blue coloring matter supposed by some to be one of the component parts of chlorophyll.
Cyanosite(n.) Native sulphate of copper. Cf. Blue vitriol, under Blue.
Cyanotype(n.) A photographic picture obtained by the use of a cyanide.
Cyathophylloid(a.) Like, or pertaining to, the family Cyathophyllidae.
Cyathophylloid(n.) A fossil coral of the family Cyathophyllidae; sometimes extended to fossil corals of other related families belonging to the group Rugosa; -- also called cup corals. Thay are found in paleozoic rocks.
Death(v. i.) The cessation of all vital phenomena without capability of resuscitation, either in animals or plants.
Diacoustics(n.) That branch of natural philosophy which treats of the properties of sound as affected by passing through different mediums; -- called also diaphonics. See the Note under Acoustics.
Diadelphia(n. pl.) A Linnaean class of plants whose stamens are united into two bodies or bundles by their filaments.
Diadelphian(a.) Alt. of Diadelphous
Diadelphous(a.) Of or pertaining to the class Diadelphia; having the stamens united into two bodies by their filaments (said of a plant or flower); grouped into two bundles or sets by coalescence of the filaments (said of stamens).
Diaglyph(n.) An intaglio.
Diaglyphic(a.) Alt. of Diaglyphtic
Diaglyphtic(a.) Represented or formed by depressions in the general surface; as, diaglyphic sculpture or engraving; -- opposed to anaglyphic.
Diagraph(n.) A drawing instrument, combining a protractor and scale.
Diagraphic(a.) Alt. of Diagraphical
Diagraphics(n.) The art or science of descriptive drawing; especially, the art or science of drawing by mechanical appliances and mathematical rule.
Dialectology(n.) That branch of philology which is devoted to the consideration of dialects.
Diamagnetic(a.) Pertaining to, or exhibiting the phenomena of, diamagnetism; taking, or being of a nature to take, a position at right angles to the
Diamagnetic(n.) Any substance, as bismuth, glass, phosphorous, etc., which in a field of magnetic force is differently affected from the ordinary magnetic bodies, as iron; that is, which tends to take a position at right angles to the Diamagnetism(n.) The science which treats of diamagnetic phenomena, and of the properties of diamagnetic bodies.
Diameter(n.) Any right
Diaphane(n.) A woven silk stuff with transparent and colored figures; diaper work.
Diaphaned(a.) Transparent or translucent.
Diaphaneity(n.) The quality of being diaphanous; transparency; pellucidness.
Diaphanic(a.) Having power to transmit light; transparent; diaphanous.
Diaphanie(n.) The art of imitating //ined glass with translucent paper.
Diaphanometer(n.) An instrument for measuring the transparency of the air.
Diaphanoscope(n.) A dark box constructed for viewing transparent pictures, with or without a lens.
Diaphanotype(n.) A colored photograph produced by superimposing a translucent colored positive over a strong uncolored one.
Diaphanous(a.) Allowing light to pass through, as porcelain; translucent or transparent; pellucid; clear.
Diaphemetric(a.) Relating to the measurement of the tactile sensibility of parts; as, diaphemetric compasses.
Diaphonic(a.) Alt. of Diaphonical
Diaphonics(n.) The doctrine of refracted sound; diacoustics.
Diaphoresis(n.) Perspiration, or an increase of perspiration.
Diaphoretic(a.) Alt. of Diaphoretical
Diaphoretical(a.) Having the power to increase perspiration.
Diaphoretic(n.) A medicine or agent which promotes perspiration.
Diaphote(n.) An instrument designed for transmitting pictures by telegraph.
Diaphragm(n.) A dividing membrane or thin partition, commonly with an opening through it.
Diaphragm(n.) The muscular and tendinous partition separating the cavity of the chest from that of the abdomen; the midriff.
Diaphragm(n.) A calcareous plate which divides the cavity of certain shells into two parts.
Diaphragm(n.) A plate with an opening, which is generally circular, used in instruments to cut off marginal portions of a beam of light, as at the focus of a telescope.
Diaphragm(n.) A partition in any compartment, for various purposes.
Diaphragmatic(a.) Pertaining to a diaphragm; as, diaphragmatic respiration; the diaphragmatic arteries and nerves.
Diaphysis(n.) An abnormal prolongation of the axis of inflorescence.
Diaphysis(n.) The shaft, or main part, of a bone, which is first ossified.
Diapnoic(a.) Slightly increasing an insensible perspiration; mildly diaphoretic.
Diapnoic(n.) A gentle diaphoretic.
Diapophysical(a.) Pertaining to a diapophysis.
Diapophysis(n.) The dorsal transverse, or tubercular, process of a vertebra. See Vertebra.
Diary(n.) A register of daily events or transactions; a daily record; a journal; a blank book dated for the record of daily memoranda; as, a diary of the weather; a physician's diary.
Diathermanism(n.) The doctrine or the phenomena of the transmission of radiant heat.
Diatribe(n.) A prolonged or exhaustive discussion; especially, an acrimonious or invective harangue; a strain of abusive or railing language; a philippic.
Dragon(n.) A constellation of the northern hemisphere figured as a dragon; Draco.
Dualism(n.) The theory that each cerebral hemisphere acts independently of the other.
Elaeolite(n.) A variety of hephelite, usually massive, of greasy luster, and gray to reddish color.
Elaphine(a.) Pertaining to, resembling, or characteristic of, the stag, or Cervus elaphus.
Elaphure(n.) A species of deer (Elaphurus Davidianus) found in china. It is about four feet high at the shoulder and has peculiar antlers.
Elapine(a.) Like or pertaining to the Elapidae, a family of poisonous serpents, including the cobras. See Ophidia.
Enantiomorphous(a.) Similar, but not superposable, i. e., related to each other as a right-handed to a left-handed glove; -- said of certain hemihedral crystals.
Enargite(n.) An iron-black mineral of metallic luster, occurring in small orthorhombic crystals, also massive. It contains sulphur, arsenic, copper, and often silver.
Epanaphora(n.) Same as Anaphora.
Epanastrophe(n.) Same as Anadiplosis.
Erastian(n.) One of the followers of Thomas Erastus, a German physician and theologian of the 16th century. He held that the punishment of all offenses should be referred to the civil power, and that holy communion was open to all. In the present day, an Erastian is one who would see the church placed entirely under the control of the State.
Etat Major() The staff of an army, including all officers above the rank of colonel, also, all adjutants, inspectors, quartermasters, commissaries, engineers, ordnance officers, paymasters, physicians, signal officers, judge advocates; also, the noncommissioned assistants of the above officers.
Evade(v. t.) To attempt to escape; to practice artifice or sophistry, for the purpose of eluding.
Evaporation(n.) The process by which any substance is converted from a liquid state into, and carried off in, vapor; as, the evaporation of water, of ether, of camphor.
Feather(n.) Kind; nature; species; -- from the proverbial phrase, "Birds of a feather," that is, of the same species.
Frailty(a.) The condition quality of being frail, physically, mentally, or morally, frailness; infirmity; weakness of resolution; liableness to be deceived or seduced.
Frame(n.) The bodily structure; physical constitution; make or build of a person.
Fraunhofer Glabella(n.) The space between the eyebrows, also including the corresponding part of the frontal bone; the mesophryon.
Glacial(a.) Pertaining to ice or to its action; consisting of ice; frozen; icy; esp., pertaining to glaciers; as, glacial phenomena.
Glacial(a.) Resembling ice; having the appearance and consistency of ice; -- said of certain solid compounds; as, glacial phosphoric or acetic acids.
Glacialist(n.) One who attributes the phenomena of the drift, in geology, to glaciers.
Glaciation(n.) The process of glaciating, or the state of being glaciated; the production of glacial phenomena.
Gladius(n.) The internal shell, or pen, of cephalopods like the squids.
Glance(n.) A name given to some sulphides, mostly dark-colored, which have a brilliant metallic luster, as the sulphide of copper, called copper glance.
Gland(n.) An organ or part which resembles a secreting, or true, gland, as the ductless, lymphatic, pineal, and pituitary glands, the functions of which are very imperfectly known.
Glass-snake(n.) A long, footless lizard (Ophiosaurus ventralis), of the Southern United States; -- so called from its fragility, the tail easily breaking into small pieces. It grows to the length of three feet. The name is applied also to similar species found in the Old World.
Glauberite(n.) A mineral, consisting of the sulphates of soda and lime.
Glauber's salts() Sulphate of soda, a well-known cathartic. It is a white crystal
Glaucodot(n.) A metallic mineral having a grayish tin-white color, and containing cobalt and iron, with sulphur and arsenic.
Glaucophane(n.) A mineral of a dark bluish color, related to amphibole. It is characteristic of certain crystal
Gnaphalium(n.) A genus of composite plants with white or colored dry and persistent involucres; a kind of everlasting.
Gnat(n.) A blood-sucking dipterous fly, of the genus Culex, undergoing a metamorphosis in water. The females have a proboscis armed with needlelike organs for penetrating the skin of animals. These are wanting in the males. In America they are generally called mosquitoes. See Mosquito.
Graafian(a.) Pertaining to, or discovered by, Regnier de Graaf, a Dutch physician.
Grace(n.) Beauty, physical, intellectual, or moral; loveGrace(n.) Graceful and beautiful females, sister goddesses, represented by ancient writers as the attendants sometimes of Apollo but oftener of Venus. They were commonly mentioned as three in number; namely, Aglaia, Euphrosyne, and Thalia, and were regarded as the inspirers of the qualities which give attractiveness to wisdom, love, and social intercourse.
Grackle(n.) One of several American blackbirds, of the family Icteridae; as, the rusty grackle (Scolecophagus Carolinus); the boat-tailed grackle (see Boat-tail); the purple grackle (Quiscalus quiscula, or Q. versicolor). See Crow blackbird, under Crow.
Gradual(n.) An antiphon or responsory after the epistle, in the Mass, which was sung on the steps, or while the deacon ascended the steps.
Grammar(n.) treatise on the elements or principles of any science; as, a grammar of geography.
Grammarian(n.) One versed in grammar, or the construction of languages; a philologist.
Grampus(n.) A toothed delphinoid cetacean, of the genus Grampus, esp. G. griseus of Europe and America, which is valued for its oil. It grows to be fifteen to twenty feet long; its color is gray with white streaks. Called also cowfish. The California grampus is G. Stearnsii.
Grandiloquence(n.) The use of lofty words or phrases; bombast; -- usually in a bad sense.
Grandnephew(n.) The grandson of one's brother or sister.
Graphic(a.) Alt. of Graphical
Graphical(a.) Of or pertaining to the arts of painting and drawing.
Graphical(a.) Of or pertaining to the art of writing.
Graphical(a.) Written or engraved; formed of letters or Graphical(a.) Well deGraphical(a.) Having the faculty of, or characterized by, clear and impressive description; vivid; as, a graphic writer.
Graphically(adv.) In a graphic manner; vividly.
Graphicness(n.) Alt. of Graphicalness
Graphicalness(n.) The quality or state of being graphic.
Graphics(n.) The art or the science of drawing; esp. of drawing according to mathematical rules, as in perspective, projection, and the like.
Graphiscope(n.) See Graphoscope.
Graphite(n.) Native carbon in hexagonal crystals, also foliated or granular massive, of black color and metallic luster, and so soft as to leave a trace on paper. It is used for pencils (improperly called lead pencils), for crucibles, and as a lubricator, etc. Often called plumbago or black lead.
Graphitic(a.) Pertaining to, containing, derived from, or resembling, graphite.
Graphitoid(a.) Alt. of Graphitoidal
Graphitoidal(a.) Resembling graphite or plumbago.
Grapholite(n.) Any species of slate suitable to be written on.
Graphology(n.) The art of judging of a person's character, disposition, and aptitude from his handwriting.
Graphoscope(n.) An optical instrument for magnifying engravings, photographs, etc., usually having one large lens and two smaller ones.
Graphotype(n.) A process for producing a design upon a surface in relief so that it can be printed from. Prepared chalk or oxide of zinc is pressed upon a smooth plate by a hydraulic press, and the design is drawn upon this in a peculiar ink which hardens the surface wherever it is applied. The surface is then carefully rubbed or brushed, leaving the Grass(n.) Metaphorically used for what is transitory.
Guanidine(n.) A strongly alkaGuano(n.) A substance found in great abundance on some coasts or islands frequented by sea fowls, and composed chiefly of their excrement. It is rich in phosphates and ammonia, and is used as a powerful fertilizer.
Guard(v. t.) The fibrous sheath which covers the phragmacone of the Belemnites.
Head(n.) The anterior or superior part of an animal, containing the brain, or chief ganglia of the nervous system, the mouth, and in the higher animals, the chief sensory organs; poll; cephalon.
Headache(n.) Pain in the head; cephalalgia.
Head-hunter(n.) A member of any tribe or race of savages who have the custom of decapitating human beings and preserving their heads as trophies. The Dyaks of Borneo are the most noted head-hunters.
Health(n.) The state of being hale, sound, or whole, in body, mind, or soul; especially, the state of being free from physical disease or pain.
Heat(n.) A force in nature which is recognized in various effects, but especially in the phenomena of fusion and evaporation, and which, as manifested in fire, the sun's rays, mechanical action, chemical combination, etc., becomes directly known to us through the sense of feeling. In its nature heat is a mode if motion, being in general a form of molecular disturbance or vibration. It was formerly supposed to be a subtile, imponderable fluid, to which was given the name caloric.
Heave(v. t.) To throw; to cast; -- obsolete, provincial, or colloquial, except in certain nautical phrases; as, to heave the lead; to heave the log.
Heave(v. t.) To force from, or into, any position; to cause to move; also, to throw off; -- mostly used in certain nautical phrases; as, to heave the ship ahead.
Heavy spar() Native barium sulphate or barite, -- so called because of its high specific gravity as compared with other non-metallic minerals.
Hyalograph(n.) An instrument for tracing designs on glass.
Hyalography(n.) Art of writing or engraving on glass.
Hyalophane(n.) A species of the feldspar group containing barium. See Feldspar.
Hyalotype(n.) A photographic picture copied from the negative on glass; a photographic transparency.
Image(n.) A picture, example, or illustration, often taken from sensible objects, and used to illustrate a subject; usually, an extended metaphor.
Image(n.) The figure or picture of any object formed at the focus of a lens or mirror, by rays of light from the several points of the object symmetrically refracted or reflected to corresponding points in such focus; this may be received on a screen, a photographic plate, or the retina of the eye, and viewed directly by the eye, or with an eyeglass, as in the telescope and microscope; the likeness of an object formed by reflection; as, to see one's image in a mirror.
Imagery(n.) The work of the imagination or fancy; false ideas; imaginary phantasms.
Italianism(n.) A word, phrase, or idiom, peculiar to the Italians; an Italicism.
Italic(n.) An Italic letter, character, or type (see Italic, a., 2.); -- often in the plural; as, the Italics are the author's. Italic letters are used to distinguish words for emphasis, importance, antithesis, etc. Also, collectively, Italic letters.
Italicism(n.) A phrase or idiom peculiar to the Italian language; to Italianism.
Khaliff(n.) See Caliph.
Kraal(n.) An inclosure into which are driven wild elephants which are to be tamed and educated.
Kyanophyll(n.) Same as Cyanophyll.
Leach(n.) See Leech, a physician.
Lead(n.) One of the elements, a heavy, pliable, inelastic metal, having a bright, bluish color, but easily tarnished. It is both malleable and ductile, though with little tenacity, and is used for tubes, sheets, bullets, etc. Its specific gravity is 11.37. It is easily fusible, forms alloys with other metals, and is an ingredient of solder and type metal. Atomic weight, 206.4. Symbol Pb (L. Plumbum). It is chiefly obtained from the mineral galena, lead sulphide.
Lead(v. t.) To guide or conduct with the hand, or by means of some physical contact connection; as, a father leads a child; a jockey leads a horse with a halter; a dog leads a blind man.
Leader(n.) a row of dots, periods, or hyphens, used in tables of contents, etc., to lead the eye across a space to the right word or number.
Leadhillite(n.) A mineral of a yellowish or greenish white color, consisting of the sulphate and carbonate of lead; -- so called from having been first found at Leadhills, Scotland.
Leaf-footed(a.) Having leaflike expansions on the legs; -- said of certain insects; as, the leaf-footed bug (Leptoglossus phyllopus).
League(n.) A measure of length or distance, varying in different countries from about 2.4 to 4.6 English statute miles of 5.280 feet each, and used (as a land measure) chiefly on the continent of Europe, and in the Spanish parts of America. The marine league of England and the United States is equal to three marine, or geographical, miles of 6080 feet each.
Learning(n.) The acquisition of knowledge or skill; as, the learning of languages; the learning of telegraphy.
Leatherback(n.) A large sea turtle (Sphargis coriacea), having no bony shell on its back. It is common in the warm and temperate parts of the Atlantic, and sometimes weighs over a thousand pounds; -- called also leather turtle, leathery turtle, leather-backed tortoise, etc.
Leave(n.) The act of leaving or departing; a formal parting; a leaving; farewell; adieu; -- used chiefly in the phrase, to take leave, i. e., literally, to take permission to go.
Measure(n.) Extent or degree not excessive or beyong bounds; moderation; due restraint; esp. in the phrases, in measure; with measure; without or beyond measure.
Measure(a.) A number which is contained in a given number a number of times without a remainder; as in the phrases, the common measure, the greatest common measure, etc., of two or more numbers.
Miargyrite(n.) A mineral of an iron-black color, and very sectile, consisting principally of sulphur, antimony, and silver.
Myall wood() A durable, fragrant, and dark-colored Australian wood, used by the natives for spears. It is obtained from the small tree Acacia homolophylla.
Nearctic(a.) Of or pertaining to a region of the earth's surface including all of temperate and arctic North America and Greenland. In the geographical distribution of animals, this region is marked off as the habitat certain species.
Nias(n.) A young hawk; an eyas; hence, an unsophisticated person.
Alalia(n.) Inability to utter articulate sounds, due either to paralysis of the larynx or to that form of aphasia, called motor, or ataxis, aphasia, due to loss of control of the muscles of speech.
Amanita(n.) A genus of poisonous fungi of the family Agaricaceae, characterized by having a volva, an annulus, and white spores. The species resemble edible mushrooms, and are frequently mistaken for them. Amanita muscaria, syn. Agaricus muscarius, is the fly amanita, or fly agaric; and A. phalloides is the death cup.
Anamorphoscope(n.) An instrument for restoring a picture or image distorted by anamorphosis to its normal proportions. It usually consists of a cylindrical mirror.
Bracket(n.) A figure determined by firing a projectile beyond a target and another short of it, as a basis for ascertaining the proper elevation of the piece; -- only used in the phrase, to establish a bracket. After the bracket is established shots are fired with intermediate elevations until the exact range is obtained. In the United States navy it is called fork.
Clan-na-Gael(n.) A secret society of Irish Fenians founded in Philadelphia in 1881.
Coast and Geodetic Survey() A bureau of the United States government charged with the topographic and hydrographic survey of the coast and the execution of belts of primary triangulation and
Dead(a.) Carrying no current, or producing no useful effect; -- said of a conductor in a dynamo or motor, also of a telegraph wire which has no instrument attached and, therefore, is not in use.
Flannel flower() A Brazilian apocynaceous vine (Macrosiphonia longiflora) having woolly leaves.
Flare(n.) A defect in a photographic objective such that an image of the stop, or diaphragm, appears as a fogged spot in the center of the developed negative.
Gramophone(n.) An instrument for recording, preserving, and reproducing sounds, the record being a tracing of a phonautograph etched in some solid material. Reproduction is accomplished by means of a system attached to an elastic diaphragm.
Graph(n.) A curve or surface, the locus of a point whose coordinates are the variables in the equation of the locus.
Graph(n.) A diagram symbolizing a system of interrelations by spots, all distinguishable from one another and some connected by
Graphology() The system or notation used in dealing with graphs.
Graphophone(n.) A kind of photograph.
Graphoscope(n.) An optical device for showing (or photographing) an image when projected upon the atmosphere as a screen.
-taroth(pl. ) of Haphtarah
Lead(n.) The advance of the current phase in an alternating circuit beyond that of the electromotive force producing it.
Moabite stone() A block of black basalt, found at Dibon in Moab by Rev. F. A. Klein, Aug. 19, 1868, which bears an inscription of thirty-four
Neanderthal(a.) Of, pertaining to, or named from, the Neanderthal, a valley in the Rhine Province, in which were found parts of a skeleton of an early type of man. The skull is characterized by extreme dolichocephaly, flat, retreating forehead, with closed frontal sutures, and enormous superciliary ridges. The cranial capacity is estimated at about 1,220 cubic centimeters, being about midway between that of the Pithecanthropus and modern man. Hence, designating the Neanderthal race
Phanar(n.) A quarter of Constantinople which, after the Turkish conquest of the city, became the chief Greek quarter; hence, the Greek officials of Turkey, or phanariots, as a class.
Phantom(a.) Being, or of the nature of, a phantom.
Phantom circuit() The equivalent of an additional circuit or wire, in reality not existing, obtained by certain arrangements of real circuits, as in some multiplex telegraph systems.
Pharmacodymanics(n.) That branch of pharmacology which treats of the action and the effects of medicines.
Phase(n.) A homogenous, physically distinct portion of matter in a system not homogeneous; as, the three phases, ice, water, and aqueous vapor. A phase may be either a single chemical substance or a mixture, as of gases.
Phase(n.) In certain birds and mammals, one of two or more color variations characteristic of the species, but independent of the ordinary seasonal and sexual differences, and often also of age. Some of the herons which appear in white and colored phases, and certain squirrels which are sometimes uniformly blackish instead of the usual coloration, furnish examples. Color phases occur also in other animals, notably in butterflies.
Phase(n.) The relation at any instant of a periodically varying electric magnitude, as electro-motive force, a current, etc., to its initial value as expressed in factorial parts of the complete cycle. It is usually expressed in angular measure, the cycle beb four right angles, or 360?. Such periodic variations are generally well represented by sine curves; and phase relations are shown by the relative positions of the crests and hollows of such curves. Magnitudes which have the same phase ar
Phase angle() The angle expressing phase relation.
Phase converter() A machine for converting an alternating current into an alternating current of a different number of phases and the same frequency.
Phase displacement() A charge of phase whereby an alternating current attains its maximum later or earlier. An inductance would cause a lag, a capacity would cause an advance, in phase.
Phasemeter(n.) A device for measuring the difference in phase of two alternating currents of electromotive forces.
Phase rule() A generalization with regard to systems of chemical equilibrium, discovered by Prof. J. Willard Gibbs. It may be stated thus: The degree of variableness (number of degrees of freedom) of a system is equal to the number of components minus the number of phases, plus two. Thus, if the components be salt and water, and the phases salt, ice, saturated solution, and vapor, the system is invariant, that is, there is only one set of conditions under which these four phases can exist in
Phase splitter() A device by which a single-phase current is split into two or more currents differing in phase. It is used in starting single-phase induction motors.
Phase splitting() The dephasing of the two parts of a single alternating current in two dissimilar branches of a given circuit.
Phasing(a.) Pertaining to phase or differences of phase.
Phasing current() The momentary current between two alternating-current generators when juxtaposed in parallel and not agreeing exactly in phase or period.
Phasing transformer() Any of several transformers (there must be at least two) for changing phase.
Planogamete(n.) One of the motile ciliated gametes, or zoogametes, found in isogamous plants, as many green algae (Chlorophyceae).
Roaring forties() The middle latitudes of the southern hemisphere. So called from the boisterous and prevailing westerly winds, which are especially strong in the South Indian Ocean up to 50? S.
Snap shot() An instantaneous photograph made, usually with a hand camera, without formal posing of, and often without the foreknowledge of, the subject.
Spark coil() An induction coil, esp. of an internal-combustion engine, wireless telegraph apparatus, etc.
Thallophyta(n. pl.) A phylum of plants of very diverse habit and structure, including the algae, fungi, and lichens. The simpler forms, as many blue-green algae, yeasts, etc., are unicellular and reproduce vegetatively or by means of asexual spores; in the higher forms the plant body is a thallus, which may be filamentous or may consist of plates of cells; it is commonly undifferentiated into stem, leaves, and roots, and shows no distinct tissue systems; the fronds of many algae, however, are
Thallophyte(n.) A plant belonging to the Thallophyta.
Tuatara(n.) A large iguanalike reptile (Sphenodon punctatum) formerly common in New Zealand, but now confined to certain islets near the coast. It reaches a length of two and a half feet, is dark olive-green with small white or yellowish specks on the sides, and has yellow spines along the back, except on the neck.
reaction() A test for typhoid fever based on the fact that blood serum of one affected, in a bouillon culture of typhoid bacilli, causes the bacilli to agglutinate and lose their motility.
Oracle(n.) The communications, revelations, or messages delivered by God to the prophets; also, the entire sacred Scriptures -- usually in the plural.
Oracle(n.) One who communicates a divine command; an angel; a prophet.
Oratorical(a.) Of or pertaining to an orator or to oratory; characterized by oratory; rhetorical; becoming to an orator; as, an oratorical triumph; an oratorical essay.
Ovariotomy(n.) The operation of removing one or both of the ovaries; oophorectomy.
Ovary(n.) The essential female reproductive organ in which the ova are produced. See Illust. of Discophora.
Ovate-rotundate(a.) Having a form intermediate between that of an egg and a sphere; roundly ovate.
Ovation(n.) A lesser kind of triumph allowed to a commander for an easy, bloodless victory, or a victory over slaves.
Oxaleth Oxanillamide(n.) A white crystalOxanilide(n.) a white crystal
Peacock(n.) The male of any pheasant of the genus Pavo, of which at least two species are known, native of Southern Asia and the East Indies.
Pean(n.) A song of praise and triumph. See Paean.
Peanism(n.) The song or shout of praise, of battle, or of triumph.
Pearlash(n.) A white amorphous or granular substance which consists principally of potassium carbonate, and has a strong alka
Pearlstone(n.) A glassy volcanic rock of a grayish color and pearly luster, often having a spherulitic concretionary structure due to the curved cracks produced by contraction in cooling. See Illust. under Perlitic.
Phaenogamia(n. pl.) The class of flowering plants including all which have true flowers with distinct floral organs; phanerogamia.
Phaeton(n.) A handsome American butterfly (Euphydryas, / Melitaea, Phaeton). The upper side of the wings is black, with orange-red spots and marginal crescents, and several rows of cream-colored spots; -- called also Baltimore.
PhagedenicAL(a.) Of, like, or pertaining to, phagedena; used in the treatment of phagedena; as, a phagedenic ulcer or medicine.
PhagedenicAL(n.) A phagedenic medicine.
Phalangal(a.) Of or pertaining to the phalanges. See Phalanx, 2.
Phalanger(n.) Any marsupial belonging to Phalangista, Cuscus, Petaurus, and other genera of the family Phalangistidae. They are arboreal, and the species of Petaurus are furnished with lateral parachutes. See Flying phalanger, under Flying.
Phalangist(n.) Any arboreal marsupial of the genus Phalangista. The vulpine phalangist (P. vulpina) is the largest species, the full grown male being about two and a half feet long. It has a large bushy tail.
Phalangite(n.) A soldier belonging to a phalanx.
Phalanstere(n.) A phalanstery.
Phalansterian(a.) Of or pertaining to phalansterianism.
Phalansterian(n.) One who favors the system of phalansteries proposed by Fourier.
Phalansterianism(n.) A system of phalansteries proposed by Fourier; Fourierism.
Phalanx(n.) A body of heavy-armed infantry formed in ranks and files close and deep. There were several different arrangements, the phalanx varying in depth from four to twenty-five or more ranks of men.
Phalanx(n.) A Fourierite community; a phalanstery.
Phalanx(n.) A group or bundle of stamens, as in polyadelphous flowers.
Phallic(a.) Of or pertaining to the phallus, or to phallism.
Phallism(n.) The worship of the generative principle in nature, symbolized by the phallus.
Phanerogamia(n. pl.) That one of the two primary divisions of the vegetable kingdom which contains the phanerogamic, or flowering, plants.
Phantascope(n.) An optical instrument or toy, resembling the phenakistoscope, and illustrating the same principle; -- called also phantasmascope.
Phantasm(n.) An image formed by the mind, and supposed to be real or material; a shadowy or airy appearance; sometimes, an optical illusion; a phantom; a dream.
Phantasma(n.) A phantasm.
Phantasmagorial(a.) Of, relating to, or resembling phantasmagoria; phantasmagoric.
Phantasmagoric(a.) Of or pertaining to phantasmagoria; phantasmagorial.
Phantasmal(a.) Pertaining to, of the nature of, or resembling, a phantasm; spectral; illusive.
Phantasmatography(n.) A description of celestial phenomena, as rainbows, etc.
Phantom(n.) That which has only an apparent existence; an apparition; a specter; a phantasm; a sprite; an airy spirit; an ideal image.
Pharmaceutical(a.) Of or pertaining to the knowledge or art of pharmacy, or to the art of preparing medicines according to the rules or formulas of pharmacy; as, pharmaceutical preparations.
Pharmaceutist(n.) One skilled in pharmacy; a druggist. See the Note under Apothecary.
Pharmacist(n.) One skilled in pharmacy; a pharmaceutist; a druggist.
Pharmacodynamics(n.) That branch of pharmacology which considers the mode of action, and the effects, of medicines.
Pharmacognosis(n.) That branch of pharmacology which treats of unprepared medicines or simples; -- called also pharmacography, and pharmacomathy.
Pharmacography(n.) See Pharmacognosis.
Pharmacologist(n.) One skilled in pharmacology.
Pharmacy(n.) The art or practice of preparing and preserving drugs, and of compounding and dispensing medicines according to prescriptions of physicians; the occupation of an apothecary or a pharmaceutical chemist.
Pharo(n.) A pharos; a lighthouse.
Pharyngeal(a.) Of or pertaining to the pharynx; in the region of the pharynx.
Pharyngeal(n.) A pharyngeal bone or cartilage; especially, one of the lower pharyngeals, which belong to the rudimentary fifth branchial arch in many fishes, or one of the upper pharyngeals, or pharyngobranchials, which are the dorsal elements in the complete branchial arches.
Pharyngitis(n.) Inflammation of the pharynx.
Pharyngobranchial(a.) Of or pertaining to the pharynx and the branchiae; -- applied especially to the dorsal elements in the branchial arches of fishes. See Pharyngeal.
Pharyngobranchial(n.) A pharyngobranchial, or upper pharyngeal, bone or cartilage.
Pharyngognathi(n. pl.) A division of fishes in which the lower pharyngeal bones are united. It includes the scaroid, labroid, and embioticoid fishes.
Pharyngolaryngeal(a.) Of or pertaining both to pharynx and the larynx.
Pharyngotomy(n.) The operation of making an incision into the pharynx, to remove a tumor or anything that obstructs the passage.
pharynges(pl. ) of Pharynx
Pharynx(n.) The part of the alimentary canal between the cavity of the mouth and the esophagus. It has one or two external openings through the nose in the higher vertebrates, and lateral branchial openings in fishes and some amphibias.
Phase(n.) Any appearance or aspect of an object of mental apprehension or view; as, the problem has many phases.
Phase(n.) A particular appearance or state in a regularly recurring cycle of changes with respect to quantity of illumination or form of enlightened disk; as, the phases of the moon or planets. See Illust. under Moon.
Phaseless(a.) Without a phase, or visible form.
Phasma(n.) An apparition; a phantom; an appearance.
Pianograph(n.) A form of melodiograph applied to a piano.
Place(n.) To put or set in a particular rank, office, or position; to surround with particular circumstances or relations in life; to appoint to certain station or condition of life; as, in whatever sphere one is placed.
Placebo(n.) The first antiphon of the vespers for the dead.
Placophora(n. pl.) A division of gastropod Mollusca, including the chitons. The back is covered by eight shelly plates. Called also Polyplacophora. See Illust. under Chiton, and Isopleura.
Plagiocephalic(a.) Having an oblique lateral deformity of the skull.
Plagiocephaly(n.) Oblique lateral deformity of the skull.
Plagionite(n.) A sulphide of lead and antimony, of a blackish lead-gray color and metallic luster.
Plain(superl.) Not highly cultivated; unsophisticated; free from show or pretension; simple; natural; homely; common.
Plan(a.) A draught or form; properly, a representation drawn on a plane, as a map or a chart; especially, a top view, as of a machine, or the representation or dePlanisphere(n.) The representation of the circles of the sphere upon a plane; especially, a representation of the celestial sphere upon a plane with adjustable circles, or other appendages, for showing the position of the heavens, the time of rising and setting of stars, etc., for any given date or hour.
Planispheric(a.) Of or pertaining to a planisphere.
Plank(n.) Fig.: That which supports or upholds, as a board does a swimmer.
Planoblast(n.) Any free-swimming gonophore of a hydroid; a hydroid medusa.
Plano-orbicular(a.) Plane or flat on one side, and spherical on the other.
Plasmin(n.) A proteid body, separated by some physiologists from blood plasma. It is probably identical with fibrinogen.
Plastic(a.) Pertaining or appropriate to, or characteristic of, molding or modeling; produced by, or appearing as if produced by, molding or modeling; -- said of sculpture and the kindred arts, in distinction from painting and the graphic arts.
Plastide(n.) A formative particle of albuminous matter; a monad; a cytode. See the Note under Morphon.
Plastography(n.) The art of forming figures in any plastic material.
Plastography(n.) Imitation of handwriting; forgery.
Platinotype(n.) A permanent photographic picture or print in platinum black.
Platinum(n.) A metallic element, intermediate in value between silver and gold, occurring native or alloyed with other metals, also as the platinum arsenide (sperrylite). It is heavy tin-white metal which is ductile and malleable, but very infusible, and characterized by its resistance to strong chemical reagents. It is used for crucibles, for stills for sulphuric acid, rarely for coin, and in the form of foil and wire for many purposes. Specific gravity 21.5. Atomic weight 194.3. Symbol Pt.
Platonical(a.) Of or pertaining to Plato, or his philosophy, school, or opinions.
Platonical(a.) Pure, passionless; nonsexual; philosophical.
Platonism(n.) The doctrines or philosophy by Plato or of his followers.
Platonism(n.) An elevated rational and ethical conception of the laws and forces of the universe; sometimes, imaginative or fantastic philosophical notions.
Platonist(n.) One who adheres to the philosophy of Plato; a follower of Plato.
Platonize(v. t.) To explain by, or accomodate to, the Platonic philosophy.
Platy-() A combining form from Gr. platy`s broad, wide, flat; as, platypus, platycephalous.
Platycephalic(a.) Alt. of Platycephalous
Praezygapophysis(n.) Same as Prezygapophysis.
Pragmatical(a.) Philosophical; dealing with causes, reasons, and effects, rather than with details and circumstances; -- said of literature.
Pragmatism(n.) The quality or state of being pragmatic; in literature, the pragmatic, or philosophical, method.
Praxinoscope(n.) An instrument, similar to the phenakistoscope, for presenting to view, or projecting upon a screen, images the natural motions of real objects.
Psalmograph(n.) A writer of psalms; a psalmographer.
Psalmographer(n.) Alt. of Psalmographist
Psalmographist(n.) A writer of psalms, or sacred songs and hymns.
Psalmography(n.) The act or practice of writing psalms, or sacred songs.
Quadric(n.) A surface whose equation in three variables is of the second degree. Spheres, spheroids, ellipsoids, paraboloids, hyperboloids, also cones and cylinders with circular bases, are quadrics.
Quadrillion(n.) According to the French notation, which is followed also upon the Continent and in the United States, a unit with fifteen ciphers annexed; according to the English notation, the number produced by involving a million to the fourth power, or the number represented by a unit with twenty-four ciphers annexed. See the Note under Numeration.
Quadriphyllous(a.) Having four leaves; quadrifoliate.
Quartzite(n.) Massive quartz occurring as a rock; a metamorphosed sandstone; -- called also quartz rock.
Quaternion(n.) A set of four parts, things, or person; four things taken collectively; a group of four words, phrases, circumstances, facts, or the like.
Reabsorb(v. t.) To absorb again; to draw in, or imbibe, again what has been effused, extravasated, or thrown off; to swallow up again; as, to reabsorb chyle, lymph, etc.; -- used esp. of fluids.
Read(v. t.) To go over, as characters or words, and utter aloud, or recite to one's self inaudibly; to take in the sense of, as of language, by interpreting the characters with which it is expressed; to peruse; as, to read a discourse; to read the letters of an alphabet; to read figures; to read the notes of music, or to read music; to read a book.
Realgar(n.) Arsenic sulphide, a mineral of a brilliant red color; red orpiment. It is also an artificial product.
Reason(n.) A thought or a consideration offered in support of a determination or an opinion; a just ground for a conclusion or an action; that which is offered or accepted as an explanation; the efficient cause of an occurrence or a phenomenon; a motive for an action or a determination; proof, more or less decisive, for an opinion or a conclusion; principle; efficient cause; final cause; ground of argument.
Rhabarbarine(n.) Chrysophanic acid.
Rhabdophora(n. pl.) An extinct division of Hydrozoa which includes the graptolities.
Rhabdopleura(n.) A genus of marine Bryozoa in which the tubular cells have a centralchitinous axis and the tentacles are borne on a bilobed lophophore. It is the type of the order Pterobranchia, or Podostomata
Rhabdosphere(n.) A minute sphere composed of rhabdoliths.
Rhamnaceous(a.) Of or pertaining to a natural order of shrubs and trees (Rhamnaceae, or Rhamneae) of which the buckthorn (Rhamnus) is the type. It includes also the New Jersey tea, the supple-jack, and one of the plants called lotus (Zizyphus).
Rhamphorhynchus(n.) A genus of pterodactyls in which the elongated tail supported a leathery expansion at the tip.
Rhamphothecae(pl. ) of Rhamphotheca
Rhamphotheca(n.) The horny covering of the bill of birds.
Rhaphe(n.) The continuation of the seed stalk along the side of an anatropous ovule or seed, forming a ridge or seam.
Rhaphides(n. pl.) Minute transparent, often needle-shaped, crystals found in the tissues of plants.
Rhaponticine(n.) Chrysophanic acid.
Scaffold(v. t.) To furnish or uphold with a scaffold.
Scald(n.) One of the ancient Scandinavian poets and historiographers; a reciter and singer of heroic poems, eulogies, etc., among the Norsemen; more rarely, a bard of any of the ancient Teutonic tribes.
Scansion(n.) The act of scanning; distinguishing the metrical feet of a verse by emphasis, pauses, or otherwise.
Scape(n.) The apophyge of a shaft.
Scaphander(n.) The case, or impermeable apparel, in which a diver can work while under water.
Scaphism(n.) An ancient mode of punishing criminals among the Persians, by confining the victim in a trough, with his head and limbs smeared with honey or the like, and exposed to the sun and to insects until he died.
Scaphite(n.) Any fossil cephalopod shell of the genus Scaphites, belonging to the Ammonite family and having a chambered boat-shaped shell. Scaphites are found in the Cretaceous formation.
Scaphocephalic(a.) Of, pertaining to, or affected with, scaphocephaly.
Scaphocephaly(n.) A deformed condition of the skull, in which the vault is narrow, elongated, and more or less boat-shaped.
Scaphocerite(n.) A flattened plate or scale attached to the second joint of the antennae of many Crustacea.
Scaphognathite(n.) A thin leafike appendage (the exopodite) of the second maxilla of decapod crustaceans. It serves as a pumping organ to draw the water through the gill cavity.
Scaphoid(a.) Resembling a boat in form; boat-shaped.
Scaphoid(n.) The scaphoid bone.
Scapholunar(a.) Of or pertaining to the scaphoid and lunar bones of the carpus.
Scapholunar(n.) The scapholunar bone.
Scaphopda(n. pl.) A class of marine cephalate Mollusca having a tubular shell open at both ends, a pointed or spadelike foot for burrowing, and many long, slender, prehensile oral tentacles. It includes Dentalium, or the tooth shells, and other similar shells. Called also Prosopocephala, and Solenoconcha.
Sea arrow() A squid of the genus Ommastrephes. See Squid.
Seabeard(n.) A green seaweed (Cladophora rupestris) growing in dense tufts.
Sea devil() Any very large ray, especially any species of the genus Manta or Cepholoptera, some of which become more than twenty feet across and weigh several tons. See also Ox ray, under Ox.
Sea devil() Any large cephalopod, as a large Octopus, or a giant squid (Architeuthis). See Devilfish.
Sea elephant() A very large seal (Macrorhinus proboscideus) of the Antarctic seas, much hunted for its oil. It sometimes attains a length of thirty feet, and is remarkable for the prolongation of the nose of the adult male into an erectile elastic proboscis, about a foot in length. Another species of smaller size (M. angustirostris) occurs on the coast of Lower California, but is now nearly extinct.
Sea fennel() Samphire.
Sea goose() A phalarope.
Seah(n.) A Jewish dry measure containing one third of an an ephah.
Sea language() The peculiar language or phraseology of seamen; sailor's cant.
Sea lion() Any one of several large species of seals of the family Otariidae native of the Pacific Ocean, especially the southern sea lion (Otaria jubata) of the South American coast; the northern sea lion (Eumetopias Stelleri) found from California to Japan; and the black, or California, sea lion (Zalophus Californianus), which is common on the rocks near San Francisco.
Sea-maid(n.) A sea nymph.
Sea mile() A geographical mile. See Mile.
Sea mouse() A dorsibranchiate annelid, belonging to Aphrodite and allied genera, having long, slender, hairlike setae on the sides.
Sea orange() A large American holothurian (Lophothuria Fabricii) having a bright orange convex body covered with finely granulated scales. Its expanded tentacles are bright red.
Sea pheasant() The pintail duck.
Sea pig() A porpoise or dolphin.
Sea snake() Any one of many species of venomous aquatic snakes of the family Hydrophidae, having a flattened tail and living entirely in the sea, especially in the warmer parts of the Indian and Pacific Oceans. They feed upon fishes, and are mostly of moderate size, but some species become eight or ten feet long and four inches broad.
Sea term() A term used specifically by seamen; a nautical word or phrase.
Sea wolf() The sea elephant.
Shadow(n.) A spirit; a ghost; a shade; a phantom.
Shall(v. i. & auxiliary.) As an auxiliary, shall indicates a duty or necessity whose obligation is derived from the person speaking; as, you shall go; he shall go; that is, I order or promise your going. It thus ordinarily expresses, in the second and third persons, a command, a threat, or a promise. If the auxillary be emphasized, the command is made more imperative, the promise or that more positive and sure. It is also employed in the language of prophecy; as, "the day shall come when .
Shank(v.) The space between two channels of the Doric triglyph.
Shanny(n.) The European smooth blenny (Blennius pholis). It is olive-green with irregular black spots, and without appendages on the head.
Shatter(n.) A fragment of anything shattered; -- used chiefly or soley in the phrase into shatters; as, to break a glass into shatters.
Slang(n.) Low, vulgar, unauthorized language; a popular but unauthorized word, phrase, or mode of expression; also, the jargon of some particular calling or class in society; low popular cant; as, the slang of the theater, of college, of sailors, etc.
Slavophil(n.) Alt. of Slavophile
Slavophile(n.) One, not being a Slav, who is interested in the development and prosperity of that race.
Smaragdite(n.) A green foliated kind of amphibole, observed in eclogite and some varietis of gabbro.
Snack(v. t.) A share; a part or portion; -- obsolete, except in the colloquial phrase, to go snacks, i. e., to share.
Snake(n.) Any species of the order Ophidia; an ophidian; a serpent, whether harmless or venomous. See Ophidia, and Serpent.
Snakewood(n.) An East Indian climbing shrub (Ophioxylon serpentinum) which has the roots and stems twisted so as to resemble serpents.
Snapdragon(n.) Any plant of the scrrophulariaceous genus Antirrhinum, especially the cultivated A. majus, whose showy flowers are fancifully likened to the face of a dragon.
Snaphance(n.) A spring lock for discharging a firearm; also, the firearm to which it is attached.
Snaphance(n.) A trifling or second-rate thing or person.
Snaphead(n.) A hemispherical or rounded head to a rivet or bolt; also, a swaging tool with a cavity in its face for forming such a rounded head.
Soaproot(n.) A perennial herb (Gypsophila Struthium) the root of which is used in Spain as a substitute for soap.
Spadefoot(n.) Any species of burrowing toads of the genus Scaphiopus, esp. S. Holbrookii, of the Eastern United States; -- called also spade toad.
Spaeman(n.) A prophet; a diviner.
Spatter-dock(n.) The common yellow water lily (Nuphar advena).
Staccato(a.) Disconnected; separated; distinct; -- a direction to perform the notes of a passage in a short, distinct, and pointed manner. It is opposed to legato, and often indicated by heavy accents written over or under the notes, or by dots when the performance is to be less distinct and emphatic.
Staff(n.) A stick carried in the hand for support or defense by a person walking; hence, a support; that which props or upholds.
Stag(n.) The adult male of the red deer (Cervus elaphus), a large European species closely related to the American elk, or wapiti.
Stage(n.) One of several marked phases or periods in the development and growth of many animals and plants; as, the larval stage; pupa stage; zoea stage.
Stagworm(n.) The larve of any species of botfly which is parasitic upon the stag, as /strus, or Hypoderma, actaeon, which burrows beneath the skin, and Cephalomyia auribarbis, which lives in the nostrils.
Stahlian(a.) Pertaining to, or taught by, Stahl, a German physician and chemist of the 17th century; as, the Stahlian theory of phlogiston.
Stalk-eyed(a.) Having the eyes raised on a stalk, or peduncle; -- opposed to sessile-eyed. Said especially of podophthalmous crustaceans.
Stammering(n.) A disturbance in the formation of sounds. It is due essentially to long-continued spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm, by which expiration is preented, and hence it may be considered as a spasmodic inspiration.
Stannite(n.) A mineral of a steel-gray or iron-black color; tin pyrites. It is a sulphide of tin, copper, and iron.
Stannotype(n.) A photograph taken upon a tin plate; a tintype.
Staphy Staphylinid(n.) Any rove beetle.
Staphyloma(n.) A protrusion of any part of the globe of the eye; as, a staphyloma of the cornea.
Staphylomatous(a.) Of or pertaining to staphyloma; affected with staphyloma.
Staphyloplasty(n.) The operation for restoring or replacing the soft palate when it has been lost.
Staphyloraphy(n.) Alt. of Staphylorrhaphy
Staphylorrhaphy(n.) The operation of uniting a cleft palate, consisting in paring and bringing together the edges of the cleft.
Staphylotomy(n.) The operation of removing a staphyloma by cutting.
Starstone(n.) Asteriated sapphire.
Stasis(n.) A slackening or arrest of the blood current in the vessels, due not to a lessening of the heart's beat, but presumably to some abnormal resistance of the capillary walls. It is one of the phenomena observed in the capillaries in inflammation.
State(n.) In the United States, one of the commonwealth, or bodies politic, the people of which make up the body of the nation, and which, under the national constitution, stands in certain specified relations with the national government, and are invested, as commonwealth, with full power in their several spheres over all matters not expressly inhibited.
Stathmograph(n.) A contrivance for recording the speed of a railway train.
Station(n.) Post assigned; office; the part or department of public duty which a person is appointed to perform; sphere of duty or occupation; employment.
Status quo() The state in which anything is already. The phrase is also used retrospectively, as when, on a treaty of place, matters return to the status quo ante bellum, or are left in statu quo ante bellum, i.e., the state (or, in the state) before the war.
Stavesacre(n.) A kind of larkspur (Delphinium Staphysagria), and its seeds, which are violently purgative and emetic. They are used as a parasiticide, and in the East for poisoning fish.
Stayer(n.) One who upholds or supports that which props; one who, or that which, stays, stops, or restrains; also, colloquially, a horse, man, etc., that has endurance, an a race.
Swallow(v. t.) To take into the stomach; to receive through the gullet, or esophagus, into the stomach; as, to swallow food or drink.
Swallow(n.) The gullet, or esophagus; the throat.
Swallowfish(n.) The European sapphirine gurnard (Trigla hirundo). It has large pectoral fins.
Thalamencephalon(n.) The segment of the brain next in front of the midbrain, including the thalami, pineal gland, and pituitary body; the diencephalon; the interbrain.
Thalamocoele(n.) The cavity or ventricle of the thalamencephalon; the third ventricle.
Thalamophora(n. pl.) Same as Foraminifera.
Thalassography(n.) The study or science of the life of marine organisms.
Thallium(n.) A rare metallic element of the aluminium group found in some minerals, as certain pyrites, and also in the lead-chamber deposit in the manufacture of sulphuric acid. It is isolated as a heavy, soft, bluish white metal, easily oxidized in moist air, but preserved by keeping under water. Symbol Tl. Atomic weight 203.7.
Thallophyte(n.) Same as Thallogen.
Thamnophile(n.) A bush shrike.
Tiara(n.) A form of headdress worn by the ancient Persians. According to Xenophon, the royal tiara was encircled with a diadem, and was high and erect, while those of the people were flexible, or had rims turned over.
Toadeater(n.) A fawning, obsequious parasite; a mean sycophant; a flatterer; a toady.
Toady(n.) A mean flatterer; a toadeater; a sycophant.
Toady(v. t.) To fawn upon with mean sycophancy.
Toadyism(n.) The practice of meanly fawning on another; base sycophancy; servile adulation.
Trachelorrhaphy(n.) The operation of sewing up a laceration of the neck of the uterus.
Tracheophonae(n. pl.) A group of passerine birds having the syrinx at the lower end of the trachea.
Trachymedusae(n. pl.) A division of acalephs in which the development is direct from the eggs, without a hydroid stage. Some of the species are parasitic on other medusae.
Trachystomata(n. pl.) An order of tailed aquatic amphibians, including Siren and Pseudobranchus. They have anterior legs only, are eel-like in form, and have no teeth except a small patch on the palate. The external gills are persistent through life.
Tract(v.) Verses of Scripture sung at Mass, instead of the Alleluia, from Septuagesima Sunday till the Saturday befor Easter; -- so called because sung tractim, or without a break, by one voice, instead of by many as in the antiphons.
Trade(v.) The business which a person has learned, and which he engages in, for procuring subsistence, or for profit; occupation; especially, mechanical employment as distinguished from the liberal arts, the learned professions, and agriculture; as, we speak of the trade of a smith, of a carpenter, or mason, but not now of the trade of a farmer, or a lawyer, or a physician.
Tragedy(n.) A dramatic poem, composed in elevated style, representing a signal action performed by some person or persons, and having a fatal issue; that species of drama which represents the sad or terrible phases of character and life.
Tragopan(n.) Any one of several species of Asiatic pheasants of the genus Ceriornis. They are brilliantly colored with a variety of tints, the back and breast are usually covered with white or buff ocelli, and the head is ornamented with two bright-colored, fleshy wattles. The crimson tragopan, or horned pheasant (C. satyra), of India is one of the best-known species.
Train(v. i.) To prepare by exercise, diet, instruction, etc., for any physical contest; as, to train for a boat race.
Trainer(n.) One who trains; an instructor; especially, one who trains or prepares men, horses, etc., for exercises requiring physical agility and strength.
Tralation(n.) The use of a word in a figurative or extended sense; ametaphor; a trope.
Tralatition(n.) A change, as in the use of words; a metaphor.
Tralatitious(a.) Metaphorical; figurative; not literal.
Tralatitiously(adv.) In a tralatitious manner; metephorically.
Tranquil(a.) Quiet; calm; undisturbed; peaceful; not agitated; as, the atmosphere is tranquil; the condition of the country is tranquil.
Trancscendental(a.) In the Kantian system, of or pertaining to that which can be determined a priori in regard to the fundamental principles of all human knowledge. What is transcendental, therefore, transcends empiricism; but is does not transcend all human knowledge, or become transcendent. It simply signifies the a priori or necessary conditions of experience which, though affording the conditions of experience, transcend the sphere of that contingent knowledge which is acquired by experience.
Transfer(v. t.) To remove from one substance or surface to another; as, to transfer drawings or engravings to a lithographic stone.
Transferography(n.) The act or process of copying inscriptions, or the like, by making transfers.
Transfigure(v. t.) To change the outward form or appearance of; to metamorphose; to transform.
Transform(v. t.) To change the form of; to change in shape or appearance; to metamorphose; as, a caterpillar is ultimately transformed into a butterfly.
Transform(v. i.) To be changed in form; to be metamorphosed.
Transformation(n.) Any change in an organism which alters its general character and mode of life, as in the development of the germ into the embryo, the egg into the animal, the larva into the insect (metamorphosis), etc.; also, the change which the histological units of a tissue are prone to undergo. See Metamorphosis.
Transformation(n.) Change of one from of material into another, as in assimilation; metabolism; metamorphosis.
Translation(n.) A transfer of meaning in a word or phrase, a metaphor; a tralation.
Translatitious(a.) Metaphorical; tralatitious; also, foreign; exotic.
Transliterate(v. t.) To express or represent in the characters of another alphabet; as, to transliterate Sanskrit words by means of English letters.
Transliteration(n.) The act or product of transliterating, or of expressing words of a language by means of the characters of another alphabet.
Transmew(v. t. & i.) To transmute; to transform; to metamorphose.
Transmitter(n.) One who, or that which, transmits; specifically, that portion of a telegraphic or telephonic instrument by means of which a message is sent; -- opposed to receiver.
Transparent(a.) Having the property of transmitting rays of light, so that bodies can be distinctly seen through; pervious to light; diaphanous; pellucid; as, transparent glass; a transparent diamond; -- opposed to opaque.
Transposable(a.) That may transposed; as, a transposable phrase.
Transumptive(a.) Taking from one to another; metaphorical.
Traphole(n.) See Trou-de-loup.
Ularburong(n.) A large East Indian nocturnal tree snake (Dipsas dendrophila). It is not venomous.
Unable(a.) Not able; not having sufficient strength, means, knowledge, skill, or the like; impotent' weak; helpless; incapable; -- now usually followed by an infinitive or an adverbial phrase; as, unable for work; unable to bear fatigue.
Upas(n.) A tree (Antiaris toxicaria) of the Breadfruit family, common in the forests of Java and the neighboring islands. Its secretions are poisonous, and it has been fabulously reported that the atmosphere about it is deleterious. Called also bohun upas.
Uralite(n.) Amphibole resulting from the alternation of pyroxene by paramorphism. It is not uncommon in massive eruptive rocks.
Uralitization(n.) The change of pyroxene to amphibole by paramorphism.
Uraniscoraphy(n.) Alt. of Uraniscorrhaphy
Uraniscorrhaphy(n.) Suture of the palate. See Staphyloraphy.
Uranite(n.) A general term for the uranium phosphates, autunite, or lime uranite, and torbernite, or copper uranite.
Uranographic(a.) Alt. of Uranographical
Uranographical(a.) Of or pertaining to uranography; as, an uranographic treatise.
Uranographist(n.) One practiced in uranography.
Uranography(n.) A description or plan of the heavens and the heavenly bodies; the construction of celestial maps, globes, etc.; uranology.
Uranology(n.) A discourse or treatise on the heavens and the heavenly bodies; the study of the heavens; uranography.
Uranoso-(a.) A combining form (also used adjectively) from uranium; -- used in naming certain complex compounds; as in uranoso-uranic oxide, uranoso-uranic sulphate.
Usage(n.) Customary use or employment, as of a word or phrase in a particular sense or signification.
Viability(n.) The capacity of living, or being distributed, over wide geographical limits; as, the viability of a species.
Weak(v. i.) Wanting physical strength.
Weary(v. t.) To reduce or exhaust the physical strength or endurance of; to tire; to fatigue; as, to weary one's self with labor or traveling.
Weather(n.) The state of the air or atmosphere with respect to heat or cold, wetness or dryness, calm or storm, clearness or cloudiness, or any other meteorological phenomena; meteorological condition of the atmosphere; as, warm weather; cold weather; wet weather; dry weather, etc.
Weather(v. i.) To undergo or endure the action of the atmosphere; to suffer meteorological influences; sometimes, to wear away, or alter, under atmospheric influences; to suffer waste by weather.
Weatherglass(n.) An instrument to indicate the state of the atmosphere, especially changes of atmospheric pressure, and hence changes of weather, as a barometer or baroscope.
Yea(adv.) More than this; not only so, but; -- used to mark the addition of a more specific or more emphatic clause. Cf. Nay, adv., 2.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken
, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".