Words whose third letter is E

Abecedarian(n.) One who is learning the alphabet; hence, a tyro.

Abecedarian(n.) One engaged in teaching the alphabet.

Abecedary(a.) Pertaining to, or formed by, the letters of the alphabet; alphabetic; hence, rudimentary.

Abed(adv.) To childbed (in the phrase "brought abed," that is, delivered of a child).

Aberration(n.) The convergence to different foci, by a lens or mirror, of rays of light emanating from one and the same point, or the deviation of such rays from a single focus; called spherical aberration, when due to the spherical form of the lens or mirror, such form giving different foci for central and marginal rays; and chromatic aberration, when due to different refrangibilities of the colored rays of the spectrum, those of each color having a distinct focus.

Abet(v. t.) To support, uphold, or aid; to maintain; -- in a good sense.

Acephal(n.) One of the Acephala.

Acephala(n. pl.) That division of the Mollusca which includes the bivalve shells, like the clams and oysters; -- so called because they have no evident head. Formerly the group included the Tunicata, Brachiopoda, and sometimes the Bryozoa. See Mollusca.

Acephalan(n.) Same as Acephal.

Acephalan(a.) Belonging to the Acephala.

Acephali(n. pl.) A fabulous people reported by ancient writers to have heads.

Acephali(n. pl.) A Christian sect without a leader.

Acephali(n. pl.) Bishops and certain clergymen not under regular diocesan control.

Acephali(n. pl.) A class of levelers in the time of K. Henry I.

Acephalist(n.) One who acknowledges no head or superior.

Acephalocyst(n.) A larval entozoon in the form of a subglobular or oval vesicle, or hydatid, filled with fluid, sometimes found in the tissues of man and the lower animals; -- so called from the absence of a head or visible organs on the vesicle. These cysts are the immature stages of certain tapeworms. Also applied to similar cysts of different origin.

Acephalocystic(a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the acephalocysts.

Acephalous(a.) Headless.

Acephalous(a.) Without a distinct head; -- a term applied to bivalve mollusks.

Acephalous(a.) Having the style spring from the base, instead of from the apex, as is the case in certain ovaries.

Acephalous(a.) Without a leader or chief.

Acephalous(a.) Wanting the beginning.


Acetabulifera(n. pl.) The division of Cephalopoda in which the arms are furnished with cup-shaped suckers, as the cuttlefishes, squids, and octopus; the Dibranchiata. See Cephalopoda.

Adelocodonic(a.) Applied to sexual zooids of hydroids, that have a saclike form and do not become free; -- opposed to phanerocodonic.

Adelphia(n.) A "brotherhood," or collection of stamens in a bundle; -- used in composition, as in the class names, Monadelphia, Diadelphia, etc.

Adelphous(a.) Having coalescent or clustered filaments; -- said of stamens; as, adelphous stamens. Usually in composition; as, monadelphous.

Adenographic(a.) Pertaining to adenography.

Adenography(n.) That part of anatomy which describes the glands.

Adenology(n.) The part of physiology that treats of the glands.

Adenophorous(a.) Producing glands.

Adenophyllous(a.) Having glands on the leaves.

Adept(n.) One fully skilled or well versed in anything; a proficient; as, adepts in philosophy.

Agent(n.) An active power or cause; that which has the power to produce an effect; as, a physical, chemical, or medicinal agent; as, heat is a powerful agent.

Alectorides(n. pl.) A group of birds including the common fowl and the pheasants.

Alectryomancy(n.) Divination by means of a cock and grains of corn placed on the letters of the alphabet, the letters being put together in the order in which the grains were eaten.

Alexipharmac(a. & n.) Alt. of Alexipharmacal

Alexipharmacal(a. & n.) Alexipharmic.

Alexipharmic(a.) Alt. of Alexipharmical

Alexipharmical(a.) Expelling or counteracting poison; antidotal.

Alexipharmic(n.) An antidote against poison or infection; a counterpoison.

Alexiterical(a.) Resisting poison; obviating the effects of venom; alexipharmic.

Americanism(n.) A word or phrase peculiar to the United States.

Ametabola(n. pl.) A group of insects which do not undergo any metamorphosis.

Ametabolian(a.) Of or pertaining to insects that do undergo any metamorphosis.

Ametabolous(a.) Not undergoing any metamorphosis; as, ametabolic insects.

Anecdote(n.) A particular or detached incident or fact of an interesting nature; a biographical incident or fragment; a single passage of private life.

Anemogram(n.) A record made by an anemograph.

Anemograph(n.) An instrument for measuring and recording the direction and force of the wind.

Anemographic(a.) Produced by an anemograph; of or pertaining to anemography.

Anemography(n.) A description of the winds.

Anemography(n.) The art of recording the direction and force of the wind, as by means of an anemograph.

Anemometrograph(n.) An anemograph.

Anemorphilous(a.) Fertilized by the agency of the wind; -- said of plants in which the pollen is carried to the stigma by the wind; wind-Fertilized.

Anencephalic(a.) Alt. of Anencephalous

Anencephalous(a.) Without a brain; brainless.

Anethol(n.) A substance obtained from the volatile oils of anise, fennel, etc., in the form of soft shining scales; -- called also anise camphor.

-ses(pl. ) of Apophysis

Arena(n.) The area in the central part of an amphitheater, in which the gladiators fought and other shows were exhibited; -- so called because it was covered with sand.

Arena(n.) Any place of public contest or exertion; any sphere of action; as, the arenaof debate; the arena of life.

Aretology(n.) That part of moral philosophy which treats of virtue, its nature, and the means of attaining to it.

Averroist(n.) One of a sect of peripatetic philosophers, who appeared in Italy before the restoration of learning; so denominated from Averroes, or Averrhoes, a celebrated Arabian philosopher. He held the doctrine of monopsychism.

Bdellomorpha(n.) An order of Nemertina, including the large leechlike worms (Malacobdella) often parasitic in clams.

Beefeater(n.) An African bird of the genus Buphaga, which feeds on the larvae of botflies hatched under the skin of oxen, antelopes, etc. Two species are known.

Blemish(n.) Any mark of deformity or injury, whether physical or moral; anything that diminishes beauty, or renders imperfect that which is otherwise well formed; that which impairs reputation.

Blende(n.) A mineral, called also sphalerite, and by miners mock lead, false galena, and black-jack. It is a zinc sulphide, but often contains some iron. Its color is usually yellow, brown, or black, and its luster resinous.

Blende(n.) A general term for some minerals, chiefly metallic sulphides which have a somewhat brilliant but nonmetallic luster.

Blesbok(n.) A South African antelope (Alcelaphus albifrons), having a large white spot on the forehead.

Blessed(a.) Used euphemistically, ironically, or intensively.

Breasted(a.) Having a breast; -- used in composition with qualifying words, in either a literal or a metaphorical sense; as, a single-breasted coat.

Breastplate(n.) A part of the vestment of the high priest, worn upon the front of the ephod. It was a double piece of richly embroidered stuff, a span square, set with twelve precious stones, on which were engraved the names of the twelve tribes of Israel. See Ephod.

Caecilian(n.) A limbless amphibian belonging to the order Caeciliae or Ophimorpha. See Ophiomorpha.

Cheer(v. i.) To utter a shout or shouts of applause, triumph, etc.

Cheirosophy(n.) The art of reading character

Chelone(n.) A genus of hardy perennial flowering plants, of the order Scrophulariaceae, natives of North America; -- called also snakehead, turtlehead, shellflower, etc.

Chelura(n.) A genus of marine amphipod crustacea, which bore into and sometimes destroy timber.

Chemiglyphic(a.) Engraved by a voltaic battery.

Chenomorphae(n. pl.) An order of birds, including the swans, ducks, geese, flamingoes and screamers.

Cherub(n.) One of a order of angels, variously represented in art. In European painting the cherubim have been shown as blue, to denote knowledge, as distinguished from the seraphim (see Seraph), and in later art the children's heads with wings are generally called cherubs.

Cherubim(n.) The Hebrew plural of Cherub.. Cf. Seraphim.

Chewink(n.) An american bird (Pipilo erythrophthalmus) of the Finch family, so called from its note; -- called also towhee bunting and ground robin.

Clear-seeing(a.) Having a clear physical or mental vision; having a clear understanding.

Coelenterata(n. pl.) A comprehensive group of Invertebrata, mostly marine, comprising the Anthozoa, Hydrozoa, and Ctenophora. The name implies that the stomach and body cavities are one. The group is sometimes enlarged so as to include the sponges.

Coendoo(n.) The Brazilian porcupine (Cercolades, / Sphingurus, prehensiles), remarkable for its prehensile tail.

Coercion(n.) The application to another of either physical or moral force. When the force is physical, and cannot be resisted, then the act produced by it is a nullity, so far as concerns the party coerced. When the force is moral, then the act, though voidable, is imputable to the party doing it, unless he be so paralyzed by terror as to act convulsively. At the same time coercion is not negatived by the fact of submission under force. "Coactus volui" (I consented under compulsion)

Coerulignone(n.) A bluish violet, crystal

Creep(v. t.) To move or behave with servility or exaggerated humility; to fawn; as, a creeping sycophant.

Creeper(n.) A spurlike device strapped to the boot, which enables one to climb a tree or pole; -- called often telegraph creepers.

Creephole(n.) A hole or retreat into which an animal may creep, to escape notice or danger.

Creephole(n.) A subterfuge; an excuse.

Crenel(n.) An embrasure or indentation in a battlement; a loophole in a fortress; an indentation; a notch. See Merlon, and Illust. of Battlement.

Creosol(n.) A colorless liquid resembling phenol or carbolic acid, homologous with pyrocatechin, and obtained from beechwood tar and gum guaiacum.

Creosote(n.) Wood-tar oil; an oily antiseptic liquid, of a burning smoky taste, colorless when pure, but usually colored yellow or brown by impurity or exposure. It is a complex mixture of various phenols and their ethers, and is obtained by the distillation of wood tar, especially that of beechwood.

Cresol(n.) Any one of three metameric substances, CH3.C6H4.OH, homologous with and resembling phenol. They are obtained from coal tar and wood tar, and are colorless, oily liquids or solids. [Called also cresylic acid.]

Cretinism(n.) A condition of endemic or inherited idiocy, accompanied by physical degeneracy and deformity (usually with goiter), frequent in certain mountain valleys, esp. of the Alps.

Ctenocyst(n.) An organ of the Ctenophora, supposed to be sensory.

Ctenophora(n. pl.) A class of Coelenterata, commonly ellipsoidal in shape, swimming by means of eight longitudinal rows of paddles. The separate paddles somewhat resemble combs.

Ctenophore(n.) One of the Ctenophora.

Ctenophoric(a.) Alt. of Ctenophorous

Ctenophorous(a.) Of or pertaining to the Ctenophora.

Dielectric(n.) Any substance or medium that transmits the electric force by a process different from conduction, as in the phenomena of induction; a nonconductor. separating a body electrified by induction, from the electrifying body.

Diencephalon(n.) The interbrain or thalamencephalon; -- sometimes abbreviated to dien. See Thalamencephalon.

Dietetist(n.) A physician who applies the rules of dietetics to the cure of diseases.

Dreissena(n.) A genus of bivalve shells of which one species (D. polymorpha) is often so abundant as to be very troublesome in the fresh waters of Europe.

Drench(v. t.) To cause to drink; especially, to dose by force; to put a potion down the throat of, as of a horse; hence. to purge violently by physic.

Edenite(n.) A variety of amphibole. See Amphibole.

Eleatic(a.) Of or pertaining to a certain school of Greek philosophers who taught that the only certain science is that which owes nothing to the senses, and all to the reason.

Eleatic(n.) A philosopher of the Eleatic school.

Electrical(a.) Capable of occasioning the phenomena of electricity; as, an electric or electrical machine or substance.

Electricity(n.) A power in nature, a manifestation of energy, exhibiting itself when in disturbed equilibrium or in activity by a circuit movement, the fact of direction in which involves polarity, or opposition of properties in opposite directions; also, by attraction for many substances, by a law involving attraction between surfaces of unlike polarity, and repulsion between those of like; by exhibiting accumulated polar tension when the circuit is broken; and by producing heat, light, conc Electricity(n.) The science which unfolds the phenomena and laws of electricity; electrical science.

Electro-biology(n.) That branch of biology which treats of the electrical phenomena of living organisms.

Electro-biology(n.) That phase of mesmerism or animal magnetism, the phenomena of which are supposed to be produced by a form of electricity.

Electro-chronograph(n.) An instrument for obtaining an accurate record of the time at which any observed phenomenon occurs, or of its duration. It has an electro-magnetic register connected with a clock. See Chronograph.

Electro-chronographic(a.) Belonging to the electro-chronograph, or recorded by the aid of it.

Electro-dynamics(n.) The phenomena of electricity in motion.

Electrograph(n.) A mark, record, or tracing, made by the action of electricity.

Electrology(n.) That branch of physical science which treats of the phenomena of electricity and its properties.

Electrophone(n.) An instrument for producing sound by means of electric currents.

Electrophori(pl. ) of Electrophorus

Electrophorus(n.) An instrument for exciting electricity, and repeating the charge indefinitely by induction, consisting of a flat cake of resin, shelllac, or ebonite, upon which is placed a plate of metal.

Electro-physiological(a.) Pertaining to electrical results produced through physiological agencies, or by change of action in a living organism.

Electro-physiology(n.) That branch of physiology which treats of electric phenomena produced through physiological agencies.

Electro-telegraphic(a.) Pertaining to the electric telegraph, or by means of it.

Electro-telegraphy(n.) The art or science of constructing or using the electric telegraph; the transmission of messages by means of the electric telegraph.

Electro-vital(a.) Derived from, or dependent upon, vital processes; -- said of certain electric currents supposed by some physiologists to circulate in the nerves of animals.

Elegiographer(n.) An elegist.

Element(n.) The simplest or fundamental principles of any system in philosophy, science, or art; rudiments; as, the elements of geometry, or of music.

Element(n.) One of the simple substances, as supposed by the ancient philosophers; one of the imaginary principles of matter.

Element(n.) The elements of the alchemists were salt, sulphur, and mercury.

Elench(n.) A specious but fallacious argument; a sophism.

Elephansy(n.) Elephantiasis.

Elephant(n.) A mammal of the order Proboscidia, of which two living species, Elephas Indicus and E. Africanus, and several fossil species, are known. They have a proboscis or trunk, and two large ivory tusks proceeding from the extremity of the upper jaw, and curving upwards. The molar teeth are large and have transverse folds. Elephants are the largest land animals now existing.

Elephant(n.) Ivory; the tusk of the elephant.

Elephantiac(a.) Affected with elephantiasis; characteristic of elephantiasis.

Elephantiasis(n.) A disease of the skin, in which it become enormously thickened, and is rough, hard, and fissured, like an elephant's hide.

Elephantine(a.) Pertaining to the elephant, or resembling an elephant (commonly, in size); hence, huge; immense; heavy; as, of elephantine proportions; an elephantine step or tread.

Elephantoid(a.) Alt. of Elephantoidal

Elephantoidal(a.) Resembling an elephant in form or appearance.

Elevation(n.) A geometrical projection of a building, or other object, on a plane perpendicular to the horizon; orthographic projection on a vertical plane; -- called by the ancients the orthography.

Energetics(n.) That branch of science which treats of the laws governing the physical or mechanical, in distinction from the vital, forces, and which comprehends the consideration and general investigation of the whole range of the forces concerned in physical phenomena.

Epen(n.) See Epencephalon.

Epencephalic(a.) Pertaining to the epencephalon.

Epencephalic(a.) Situated on or over the brain.

Epencephalon(n.) The segment of the brain next behind the midbrain, including the cerebellum and pons; the hindbrain. Sometimes abbreviated to epen.

Eserine(n.) An alkaloid found in the Calabar bean, and the seed of Physostigma venenosum; physostigmine. It is used in ophthalmic surgery for its effect in contracting the pupil.

Enerlasting(n.) A plant whose flowers may be dried without losing their form or color, as the pearly everlasting (Anaphalis margaritacea), the immortelle of the French, the cudweeds, etc.

Exercise(n.) Exertion for the sake of training or improvement whether physical, intellectual, or moral; practice to acquire skill, knowledge, virtue, perfectness, grace, etc.

Eye(n.) A brood; as, an eye of pheasants.

Eyebright(n.) A small annual plant (Euphrasia officinalis), formerly much used as a remedy for diseases of the eye.

Fee(n.) Reward or compensation for services rendered or to be rendered; especially, payment for professional services, of optional amount, or fixed by custom or laws; charge; pay; perquisite; as, the fees of lawyers and physicians; the fees of office; clerk's fees; sheriff's fees; marriage fees, etc.

Feeble(superl.) Deficient in physical strength; weak; infirm; debilitated.

Feed(v. t.) To give food to; to supply with nourishment; to satisfy the physical huger of.

Feel(v. i.) To be conscious of an inward impression, state of mind, persuasion, physical condition, etc.; to perceive one's self to be; -- followed by an adjective describing the state, etc.; as, to feel assured, grieved, persuaded.

Flea(n.) An insect belonging to the genus Pulex, of the order Aphaniptera. Fleas are destitute of wings, but have the power of leaping energetically. The bite is poisonous to most persons. The human flea (Pulex irritans), abundant in Europe, is rare in America, where the dog flea (P. canis) takes its place. See Aphaniptera, and Dog flea. See Illustration in Appendix.

Flesh(n.) In a bad sense, tendency to transient or physical pleasure; desire for sensual gratification; carnality.

Free(superl.) Not subjected to the laws of physical necessity; capable of voluntary activity; endowed with moral liberty; -- said of the will.

Freethinker(n.) One who speculates or forms opinions independently of the authority of others; esp., in the sphere or religion, one who forms opinions independently of the authority of revelation or of the church; an unbeliever; -- a term assumed by deists and skeptics in the eighteenth century.

Free will() The power asserted of moral beings of willing or choosing without the restraints of physical or absolute necessity.

Freieslebenite(n.) A sulphide of antimony, lead, and silver, occuring in monoclinic crystals.

Frenetir(a.) Distracted; mad; frantic; phrenetic.

Fresh(superl) Youthful; florid; as, these fresh nymphs.

-gen() A suffix used in scientific words in the sense of producing, generating: as, amphigen, amidogen, halogen.

Gier-eagle(n.) A bird referred to in the Bible (Lev. xi. 18and Deut. xiv. 17) as unclean, probably the Egyptian vulture (Neophron percnopterus).

Gieseckite(n.) A mineral occurring in greenish gray six-sided prisms, having a greasy luster. It is probably a pseudomorph after elaeolite.

Great(superl.) Endowed with extraordinary powers; uncommonly gifted; able to accomplish vast results; strong; powerful; mighty; noble; as, a great hero, scholar, genius, philosopher, etc.

Grecize(v. t.) To render Grecian; also, to cause (a word or phrase in another language) to take a Greek form; as, the name is Grecized.

Gree(n.) Good will; favor; pleasure; satisfaction; -- used esp. in such phrases as: to take in gree; to accept in gree; that is, to take favorably.

Greenlet(n.) l. (Zool.) One of numerous species of small American singing birds, of the genus Vireo, as the solitary, or blue-headed (Vireo solitarius); the brotherly-love (V. Philadelphicus); the warbling greenlet (V. gilvus); the yellow-throated greenlet (V. flavifrons) and others. See Vireo.

Greenockite(n.) Native cadmium sulphide, a mineral occurring in yellow hexagonal crystals, also as an earthy incrustation.

Greensand(n.) A variety of sandstone, usually imperfectly consolidated, consisting largely of glauconite, a silicate of iron and potash of a green color, mixed with sand and a trace of phosphate of lime.

Grey(a.) See Gray (the correct orthography).

Guelph(n.) Alt. of Guelf

Guelf(n.) One of a faction in Germany and Italy, in the 12th and 13th centuries, which supported the House of Guelph and the pope, and opposed the GhibelGuelphic(a.) Alt. of Guelfic

Guelfic(a.) Of or pertaining to the family or the faction of the Guelphs.

Gue'vi(n.) One of several very small species and varieties of African antelopes, of the genus Cephalophus, as the Cape guevi or kleeneboc (Cephalophus pygmaea); -- called also pygmy antelope.

Haemadromograph(n.) An instrument for registering the velocity of the blood.

Haemaphaein(n.) A brownish substance sometimes found in the blood, in cases of jaundice.

Haemapophysis(n.) Same as Hemapophysis.

Haematoin(n.) A substance formed from the hematin of blood, by removal of the iron through the action of concentrated sulphuric acid. Two like bodies, called respectively haematoporphyrin and haematolin, are formed in a similar manner.

Haematophlina(n. pl.) A division of Cheiroptera, including the bloodsucking bats. See Vampire.

Haematoporphyrin(n.) See Haematoin.

Haemodromograph(n.) Same as Haemadromograph.

Hieroglyph(a.) Alt. of Hieroglyphic

Hieroglyphic(a.) A sacred character; a character in picture writing, as of the ancient Egyptians, Mexicans, etc. Specifically, in the plural, the picture writing of the ancient Egyptian priests. It is made up of three, or, as some say, four classes of characters: first, the hieroglyphic proper, or figurative, in which the representation of the object conveys the idea of the object itself; second, the ideographic, consisting of symbols representing ideas, not sounds, as an ostrich feather is a Hieroglyphic(a.) Any character or figure which has, or is supposed to have, a hidden or mysterious significance; hence, any unintelligible or illegible character or mark.

Hieroglyphic(a.) Alt. of Hieroglyphical

Hieroglyphical(a.) Emblematic; expressive of some meaning by characters, pictures, or figures; as, hieroglyphic writing; a hieroglyphic obelisk.

Hieroglyphical(a.) Resembling hieroglyphics; not decipherable.

Hieroglyphically(adv.) In hieroglyphics.

Hieroglyphist(n.) One versed in hieroglyphics.

Hierogrammatist(n.) A writer of hierograms; also, one skilled in hieroglyphics.

Hierographic(a.) Alt. of Hierographical

Hierographical(a.) Of or pertaining to sacred writing.

Hierography(n.) Sacred writing.

Hieromnemon(n.) The sacred secretary or recorder sent by each state belonging to the Amphictyonic Council, along with the deputy or minister.

Hierophant(n.) The presiding priest who initiated candidates at the Eleusinian mysteries; hence, one who teaches the mysteries and duties of religion.

Hierophantic(a.) Of or relating to hierophants or their teachings.

Hyetograph(n.) A chart or graphic representation of the average distribution of rain over the surface of the earth.

Hyetographic(a.) Of or pertaining to to hyetography.

Hyetography(n.) The branch of physical science which treats of the geographical distribution of rain.

Ice(n.) Any substance having the appearance of ice; as, camphor ice.

Idea(n.) A rational conception; the complete conception of an object when thought of in all its essential elements or constituents; the necessary metaphysical or constituent attributes and relations, when conceived in the abstract.

Ideal(a.) Teaching the doctrine of idealism; as, the ideal theory or philosophy.

Ideogram(n.) An original, pictorial element of writing; a kind of hieroglyph expressing no sound, but only an idea.

Ideogram(n.) A phonetic symbol; a letter.

Ideograph(n.) Same as Ideogram.

Ideographic(a.) Alt. of Ideographical

Ideographical(a.) Of or pertaining to an ideogram; representing ideas by symbols, independently of sounds; as, 9 represents not the word "nine," but the idea of the number itself.

Ideographics(n.) The system of writing in ideographic characters; also, anything so written.

Ideography(n.) The representation of ideas independently of sounds, or in an ideographic manner, as sometimes is done in shorthand writing, etc.

Inee(n.) An arrow poison, made from an apocynaceous plant (Strophanthus hispidus) of the Gaboon country; -- called also onaye.

Inexactitude(n.) Inexactness; uncertainty; as, geographical inexactitude.

Ipecacuanha(n.) The root of a Brazilian rubiaceous herb (Cephaelis Ipecacuanha), largely employed as an emetic; also, the plant itself; also, a medicinal extract of the root. Many other plants are used as a substitutes; among them are the black or Peruvian ipecac (Psychotria emetica), the white ipecac (Ionidium Ipecacuanha), the bastard or wild ipecac (Asclepias Curassavica), and the undulated ipecac (Richardsonia scabra).

Isethionic(a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or designating, an acid, HO.C2H4.SO3H, obtained as an oily or crystal

Item(n.) A short article in a newspaper; a paragraph; as, an item concerning the weather.

Kieserite(n.) Hydrous sulphate of magnesia found at the salt mines of Stassfurt, Prussian Saxony.

Kleeneboc(n.) (Zool.) An antelope (Cerphalopus pygmaeus), found in South Africa. It is of very small size, being but one foot high at shoulder. It is remarkable for its activity, and for its mild and timid disposition. Called also guevi, and pygmy antelope.

Laemodipoda(n. pl.) A division of amphipod Crustacea, in which the abdomen is small or rudimentary and the legs are often reduced to five pairs. The whale louse, or Cyamus, and Caprella are examples.

Laetere Sunday() The fourth Sunday of Lent; -- so named from the Latin word Laetare (rejoice), the first word in the antiphone of the introit sung that day in the Roman Catholic service.

Lee(n.) That part of the hemisphere, as one stands on shipboard, toward which the wind blows. See Lee, a.

Leech(n.) A physician or surgeon; a professor of the art of healing.

Leechcraft(n.) The art of healing; skill of a physician.

Lief(adv.) Gladly; willingly; freely; -- now used only in the phrases, had as lief, and would as lief; as, I had, or would, as lief go as not.

Lieu(n.) Place; room; stead; -- used only in the phrase in lieu of, that is, instead of.

Loellingite(n.) A tin-white arsenide of iron, isomorphous with arsenopyrite.

Lyencephala(n. pl.) A group of Mammalia, including the marsupials and monotremes; -- so called because the corpus callosum is rudimentary.

Lyencephalous(a.) Pertaining to, or characteristic of, the Lyencephala.

Myelencephala(n. pl.) Same as Vertebrata.

Myelencephalic(a.) Of or pertaining to the myelencephalon; cerebro-spinal.

Myelencephalon(n.) The brain and spinal cord; the cerebro-spinal axis; the neuron. Sometimes abbreviated to myelencephal.

Myelencephalon(n.) The metencephalon.

Myelencephalous(a.) Of or pertaining to the Myelencephala.

Myelin(n.) One of a group of phosphorized principles occurring in nerve tissue, both in the brain and nerve fibers.

Naevoid(a.) Resembling a naevus or naevi; as, naevoid elephantiasis.

Needlefish(n.) The European great pipefich (Siphostoma, / Syngnathus, acus); -- called also earl, and tanglefish.

Noematachograph(n.) An instrument for determining and registering the duration of more or less complex operations of the mind.

Nye(n.) A brood or flock of pheasants.

Acetophenone(n.) A crystal

Adenoid(n.) A swelling produced by overgrowth of the adenoid tissue in the roof of the pharynx; -- usually in pl.

Blepharitis(n.) Inflammation of the eyelids.

Chemigraphy(n.) Any mechanical engraving process depending upon chemical action; specif., a process of zinc etching not employing photography.

Electrograph(n.) An apparatus, controlled by electric devices, used to trace designs for etching.

Electrograph(n.) An instrument for the reproduction at a distance of pictures, maps, etc., by means of electricity.

Electrograph(n.) An image made by the Rontgen rays; a sciagraph.

Electrograph(n.) A cinematograph using the arc light.

Electrographic(a.) Of or pertaining to an electrograph or electrography.

Electrography(n.) The art or process of making electrographs or using an electrograph.

Electrography(n.) = Galvanography.

Electropoion fluid() An exciting and depolarizing acid solution used in certain cells or batteries, as the Grenet battery. Electropoion is best prepared by mixing one gallon of concentrated sulphuric acid diluted with three gallons of water, with a solution of six pounds of potassium bichromate in two gallons of boiling water. It should be used cold.

Fleet(v. t.) To move or change in position; used only in special phrases; as, of fleet aft the crew.

Gleba(n.) The chambered sporogenous tissue forming the central mass of the sporophore in puff balls, stinkhorns, etc.

Oleography(n.) Art or process of producing the pictures known as oleographs.

Oleography(n.) A process of identifying oils by their oleographs.

Overman(n.) In the philosophy of Nietzsche, a man of superior physique and powers capable of dominating others; one fitted to survive in an egoistic struggle for the mastery.

Phenalgin(n.) An ammoniated compound of phenyl and acetamide, used as an analgesic and antipyretic. It resembles phenacetin in its therapeutic action.

Phenocryst(n.) One of the prominent embedded crystals of a porphyry.

Phenology(n.) The science of the relations between climate and periodic biological phenomena, as the migrations and breeding of birds, the flowering and fruiting of plants, etc.

Phenolphthalein() Alt. of Phenol phthalein

Phenol phthalein() A white or yellowish white crystal

Plenum(n.) A condition, as in an occupied room, in which the pressure of the air is greater than that of the outside atmosphere; as, a plenum may exist in a hall ventilated by a fan blower.

Pre-Raphaelite(n.) Popularly, any modern artist thought to be a would-be restorer of early ideas or methods, as one of the German painters often called Nazarenes, or one who paints and draws with extreme minuteness of detail.

Sneak current() A current which, though too feeble to blow the usual fuse or to injure at once telegraph or telephone instruments, will in time burn them out.

Spectrogram(n.) A photograph, map, or diagram of a spectrum.

Spectrograph(n.) An apparatus for photographing or mapping a spectrum.

Spectrograph(n.) A photograph or picture of a spectrum.

Spectroheliogram(n.) A photograph of the sun made by monochromatic light, usually of the calcium

Spectroheliograph(n.) An apparatus for making spectroheliograms, consisting of a spectroscopic camera used in combination with a telescope, and provided with clockwork for moving the sun's image across the slit.

Spectrophone(n.) An instrument constructed on the principle of the photophone and used in spectrum analysis as an adjunct to the spectroscope.

Spectrophotometry(n.) The art of comparing, photometrically, the brightness of two spectra, wave length by wave length; the use of the spectrophotometer.

Spectroscopy(n.) The production and investigation of spectra; the use of the spectroscope; also, the science of spectroscopic phenomena.

Spermatophyta(n. pl.) A phylum embracing the highest plants, or those that produce seeds; the seed plants, or flowering plants. They form the most numerous group, including over 120,000 species. In general, the group is characterized by the marked development of the sporophyte, with great differentiation of its parts (root, stem, leaves, flowers, etc.); by the extreme reduction of the gametophyte; and by the development of seeds. All the Spermatophyta are heterosporous

Spermatophyte(n.) Any plant of the phylum Spermatophyta.

Thermobarograph(n.) An instrument for recording simultaneously the pressure and temperature of a gas; a combined thermograph and barograph.

Thermobarometer(n.) A siphon barometer adapted to be used also as a thermometer.

Thermogram(n.) The trace or record made by means of a thermograph.

Thermography(n.) Any process of writing involving the use of heat.

Thermophilic(a.) Heat-loving; -- applied esp. to certain bacteria.

Thermophone(n.) A portable form of telethermometer, using a telephone in connection with a differential thermometer.

Thermophone(n.) A telephone involving heat effects, as changes in temperature (hence in length)

Thermophore(n.) An apparatus for conveying heat, as a case containing material which retains its heat for a considerable period.

Thermosiphon(n.) An arrangement of siphon tubes for assisting circulation in a liquid.

Trembler(n.) Any of certain West Indian birds of the genera Cinclocerthia and Rhamphocinclus, of the family Mimidae.

Tweedledum and Tweedledee() Two things practically alike; -- a phrase coined by John Byrom (1692-1793) in his satire "On the Feuds between Handel and Bononcini."

Wheat sawfly() A small European sawfly (Cephus pygmaeus) whose larva does great injury to wheat by boring in the stalks.

Zeeman effect() The widening and duplication, triplication, etc.

Obelisk(n.) An upright, four-sided pillar, gradually tapering as it rises, and terminating in a pyramid called pyramidion. It is ordinarily monolithic. Egyptian obelisks are commonly covered with hieroglyphic writing from top to bottom.

Oceanography(n.) A description of the ocean.

Oleograph(n.) The form or figure assumed by a drop of oil when placed upon water or some other liquid with which it does not mix.

Oleograph(n.) A picture produced in oils by a process analogous to that of lithographic printing.

Omega(n.) The last letter of the Greek alphabet. See Alpha.

Omer(n.) A Hebrew measure, the tenth of an ephah. See Ephah.

One-hand(a.) Employing one hand; as, the one-hand alphabet. See Dactylology.

Operate(v. i.) To perform a work or labor; to exert power or strengh, physical or mechanical; to act.

Operate(v. i.) To produce an appropriate physical effect; to issue in the result designed by nature; especially (Med.), to take appropriate effect on the human system.

Operation(n.) The act or process of operating; agency; the exertion of power, physical, mechanical, or moral.

Operative(a.) Having the power of acting; hence, exerting force, physical or moral; active in the production of effects; as, an operative motive.

Operculum(n.) The fold of integument, usually supported by bony plates, which protects the gills of most fishes and some amphibians; the gill cover; the gill lid.

Opetide(n.) The time between Epiphany and Ash Wednesday wherein marriages were formerly solemnized publicly in churches. [Eng.]

Ore(n.) The native form of a metal, whether free and uncombined, as gold, copper, etc., or combined, as iron, lead, etc. Usually the ores contain the metals combined with oxygen, sulphur, arsenic, etc. (called mineralizers).

Oread(n.) One of the nymphs of mountains and grottoes.

Oreographic(a.) Of or pertaining to oreography.

Oreography(n.) The science of mountains; orography.

Over(prep.) Above, implying superiority after a contest; in spite of; notwithstanding; as, he triumphed over difficulties; the bill was passed over the veto.

Oxeye(n.) A genus of composite plants (Buphthalmum) with large yellow flowers.

Paean(n.) Any loud and joyous song; a song of triumph.

Peen(n.) A round-edged, or hemispherical, end to the head of a hammer or sledge, used to stretch or bend metal by indentation.

Peephole(n.) A hole, or crevice, through which one may peep without being discovered.

Peeping hole() See Peephole.

Pheasantry(n.) A place for keeping and rearing pheasants.

Phelloderm(n.) A layer of green parenchimatous cells formed on the inner side of the phellogen.

Phenanthridine(n.) A nitrogenous hydrocarbon base, C13H9N, analogous to phenanthrene

Phenanthro Phenetol(n.) The ethyl ether of phenol, obtained as an aromatic liquid, C6H5.O.C2H5.

Phenic(a.) Of, pertaining to, derived from, or resembling, phenyl or phenol.

Phenicine(n.) A purple powder precipitated when a sulphuric solution of indigo is diluted with water.

Phenicine(n.) A coloring matter produced by the action of a mixture of strong nitric and sulphuric acids on phenylic alcohol.

Phenol(n.) Any one of the series of hydroxyl derivatives of which phenol proper is the type.

Phenolate(n.) A compound of phenol analogous to a salt.

Phenomenal(a.) Relating to, or of the nature of, a phenomenon; hence, extraordinary; wonderful; as, a phenomenal memory.

Phenomenalism(n.) That theory which limits positive or scientific knowledge to phenomena only, whether material or spiritual.

Phenomenist(n.) One who believes in the theory of phenomenalism.

Phenomenology(n.) A description, history, or explanation of phenomena.

Phenomenon(n.) An appearance; anything visible; whatever, in matter or spirit, is apparent to, or is apprehended by, observation; as, the phenomena of heat, light, or electricity; phenomena of imagination or memory.

Phenomenon(n.) That which strikes one as strange, unusual, or unaccountable; an extraordinary or very remarkable person, thing, or occurrence; as, a musical phenomenon.

Phenose(n.) A sweet amorphous deliquescent substance obtained indirectly from benzene, and isometric with, and resembling, dextrose.

Phenylamine(n.) Any one of certain class of organic bases regarded as formed from ammonia by the substitution of phenyl for hydrogen.

Phenylene(n.) A hypothetic radical (C6H4) occurring in certain derivatives of benzene; as, phenylene diamine.

Phenylic(a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, phenyl.

Plectospondyli(n. pl.) An extensive suborder of fresh-water physostomous fishes having the anterior vertebrae united and much modified; the Eventognathi.

Pleiades(n. pl.) The seven daughters of Atlas and the nymph Pleione, fabled to have been made by Jupiter a constellation in the sky.

Pleiophyllous(a.) Having several leaves; -- used especially when several leaves or leaflets appear where normally there should be only one.

Pleomorphic(a.) Pertaining to pleomorphism; as, the pleomorphic character of bacteria.

Pleomorphism(n.) The property of crystallizing under two or more distinct fundamental forms, including dimorphism and trimorphism.

Pleomorphism(n.) The theory that the various genera of bacteria are phases or variations of growth of a number of Protean species, each of which may exhibit, according to undetermined conditions, all or some of the forms characteristic of the different genera and species.

Pleomorphous(a.) Having the property of pleomorphism.

Plerophory(n.) Fullness; full persuasion.

Plesimorphism(n.) The property possessed by some substances of crystallizing in closely similar forms while unlike in chemical composition.

Plesiomorphous(a.) Nearly alike in form.

Plethoric(a.) Haeving a full habit of body; characterized by plethora or excess of blood; as, a plethoric constitution; -- used also metaphorically.

Plethysmograph(n.) An instrument for determining and registering the variations in the size or volume of a limb, as the arm or leg, and hence the variations in the amount of blood in the limb.

Plethysmography(n.) The study, by means of the plethysmograph, of the variations in size of a limb, and hence of its blood supply.

Pleurapophyses(pl. ) of Pleurapophysis

Pleurapophysis(n.) One of the ventral processes of a vertebra, or the dorsal element in each half of a hemal arch, forming, or corresponding to, a vertebral rib.

Pleurobrachia(n.) A genus of ctenophores having an ovate body and two long plumose tentacles.

Pneumato-() A combining form from Gr. pney^ma, pney`matos, wind, air, breath, respiration; as, pneumatograph, pneumatology.

Pneumatocyst(n.) A cyst or sac of a siphonophore, containing air, and serving as a float, as in Physalia.

Pneumatogarm(n.) A tracing of the respiratory movements, obtained by a pneumatograph or stethograph.

Pneumatograph(n.) An instrument for recording the movements of the thorax or chest wall during respiration; -- also called stethograph.

Pneumatology(n.) The science of spiritual being or phenomena of any description.

Pneumatophore(n.) One of the Pneumonophora.

Pneumograph(n.) Same as Pneumatograph.

Pneumography(n.) A description of the lungs.

Pneumonophora(n. pl.) The division of Siphonophora which includes the Physalia and allied genera; -- called also Pneumatophorae.

Pneumophora(n. pl.) A division of holothurians having an internal gill, or respiratory tree.

Poenamu(n.) A variety of jade or nephrite, -- used in New Zealand for the manufacture of axes and weapons.

Poephaga(n. pl.) A group of herbivorous marsupials including the kangaroos and their allies.

Preaxial(a.) Situated in front of any transverse axis in the body of an animal; anterior; cephalic; esp., in front, or on the anterior, or cephalic (that is, radial or tibial) side of the axis of a limb.

Prebronchial(a.) Situated in front of the bronchus; -- applied especially to an air sac on either side of the esophagus of birds.

Precipitate(v. t.) To separate from a solution, or other medium, in the form of a precipitate; as, water precipitates camphor when in solution with alcohol.

Precoracoid(n.) The anterior part of the coracoid (often closely united with the clavicle) in the shoulder girdle of many reptiles and amphibians.

Predicrotic(a.) A term applied to the pulse wave sometimes seen in a pulse curve or sphygmogram, between the apex of the curve and the dicrotic wave.

Predict(v. t.) To tell or declare beforehand; to foretell; to prophesy; to presage; as, to predict misfortune; to predict the return of a comet.

Prediction(n.) The act of foretelling; also, that which is foretold; prophecy.

Predictional(a.) Prophetic; prognostic.

Predictive(a.) Foretelling; prophetic; foreboding.

Preexistence(n.) Existence of the soul before its union with the body; -- a doctrine held by certain philosophers.

Prelal(a.) Of or pertaining to printing; typographical.

Prelatize(v. i.) To uphold or encourage prelacy; to exercise prelatical functions.

Preposition(n.) A word employed to connect a noun or a pronoun, in an adjectival or adverbial sense, with some other word; a particle used with a noun or pronoun (in English always in the objective case) to make a phrase limiting some other word; -- so called because usually placed before the word with which it is phrased; as, a bridge of iron; he comes from town; it is good for food; he escaped by running.

Preraphaelism(n.) Alt. of Preraphaelitism

Preraphaelitism(n.) The doctrine or practice of a school of modern painters who profess to be followers of the painters before Raphael. Its adherents advocate careful study from nature, delicacy and minuteness of workmanship, and an exalted and delicate conception of the subject.

Preraphaelite(a.) Of or pertaining to the style called preraphaelitism; as, a preraphaelite figure; a preraphaelite landscape.

Preraphaelite(n.) One who favors or practices art as it was before Raphael; one who favors or advocates preraphaelitism.

Presbyterian(a.) Of or pertaining to a presbyter, or to ecclesiastical government by presbyters; relating to those who uphold church government by presbyters; also, to the doctrine

Present(a.) Present letters or instrument, as a deed of conveyance, a lease, letter of attorney, or other writing; as in the phrase, " Know all men by these presents," that is, by the writing itself, " per has literas praesentes; " -- in this sense, rarely used in the singular.

Presphenoid(a.) Situated in front of the sphenoid bone; of or pertaining to the anterior part of the sphenoid bone (i. e., the presphenoid bone).

Presphenoid(n.) The presphenoid bone.

Presphenoidal(a.) Of or pertaining to the presphenoid bone; presphenoid.

Preterist(n.) One who believes the prophecies of the Apocalypse to have been already fulfilled.

Pretty(adv.) In some degree; moderately; considerably; rather; almost; -- less emphatic than very; as, I am pretty sure of the fact; pretty cold weather.

Preventive(n.) That which prevents, hinders, or obstructs; that which intercepts access; in medicine, something to prevent disease; a prophylactic.

Prezygapophyses(pl. ) of Prezygapophysis

Prezygapophysis(n.) An anterior zygapophysis.

Psephism(n.) A proposition adopted by a majority of votes; especially, one adopted by vote of the Athenian people; a statute.

Pseudepigraphic(a.) Alt. of Pseudepigraphic

Pseudepigraphic(a.) Of or pertaining to pseudepigraphy.

Pseudepigraphous(a.) Inscribed with a false name.

Pseudepigraphy(n.) The ascription of false names of authors to works.

Pseudo-() A combining form or prefix signifying false, counterfeit, pretended, spurious; as, pseudo-apostle, a false apostle; pseudo-clergy, false or spurious clergy; pseudo-episcopacy, pseudo-form, pseudo-martyr, pseudo-philosopher. Also used adjectively.

Pseudo-bulb(n.) An aerial corm, or thickened stem, as of some epiphytic orchidaceous plants.

Pseudograph(n.) A false writing; a spurious document; a forgery.

Pseudography(n.) False writing; forgery.

Pseudo-hyperthophic(a.) Falsely hypertrophic; as, pseudo-hypertrophic paralysis, a variety of paralysis in which the muscles are apparently enlarged, but are really degenerated and replaced by fat.

Pseudomorph(n.) An irregular or deceptive form.

Pseudomorph(n.) A pseudomorphous crystal, as a crystal consisting of quartz, but having the cubic form of fluor spar, the fluor crystal having been changed to quartz by a process of substitution.

Pseudomorphism(n.) The state of having, or the property of taking, a crystal

Pseudomorphous(a.) Not having the true form.

Pseudosphere(n.) The surface of constant negative curvature generated by the revolution of a tractrix. This surface corresponds in non-Euclidian space to the sphere in ordinary space. An important property of the surface is that any figure drawn upon it can be displaced in any way without tearing it or altering in size any of its elements.

Pseudostella(n.) Any starlike meteor or phenomenon.

Pteridophyta(n. pl.) A class of flowerless plants, embracing ferns, horsetails, club mosses, quillworts, and other like plants. See the Note under Cryptogamia.

Pterobranchia(n. pl.) An order of marine Bryozoa, having a bilobed lophophore and an axial cord. The genus Rhabdopleura is the type. Called also Podostomata. See Rhabdopleura.

Pterocletes(n. pl.) A division of birds including the sand grouse. They are in some respects intermediate between the pigeons and true grouse. Called also Pteroclomorphae.

Pteron(n.) The region of the skull, in the temporal fossa back of the orbit, where the great wing of the sphenoid, the temporal, the parietal, and the frontal hones approach each other.

Pterophore(n.) Any moth of the genus Pterophorus and allied genera; a plume moth. See Plume moth, under Plume.

Pterygoid(a.) Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the pterygoid bones, pterygoid processes, or the whole sphenoid bone.

Pterylography(n.) The study or description of the arrangement of feathers, or of the pterylae, of birds.

Quebrith(n.) Sulphur.

Queenfish(n.) A California sciaenoid food fish (Seriphys politus). The back is bluish, and the sides and belly bright silvery. Called also kingfish.

Queensland nut() The nut of an Australian tree (Macadamia ternifolia). It is about an inch in diameter, and contains a single round edible seed, or sometimes two hemispherical seeds. So called from Queensland in Australia.

Quercitannic(a.) Pertaining to, or designating, a tannic acid found in oak bark and extracted as a yellowish brown amorphous substance.

Reed(n.) One of the thin pieces of metal, the vibration of which produce the tones of a melodeon, accordeon, harmonium, or seraphine; also attached to certain sets or registers of pipes in an organ.

Rheic(a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid (commonly called chrysophanic acid) found in rhubarb (Rheum).

Rhein(n.) Chrysophanic acid.

Rheophore(n.) A connecting wire of an electric or voltaic apparatus, traversed by a current.

Rheophore(n.) One of the poles of a voltaic battery; an electrode.

Roe(n.) The ova or spawn of fishes and amphibians, especially when still inclosed in the ovarian membranes. Sometimes applied, loosely, to the sperm and the testes of the male.

Scenograph(n.) A perspective representation or general view of an object.

Scenographic(a.) Alt. of Scenographical

Scenographical(a.) Of or pertaining to scenography; drawn in perspective.

Scenography(n.) The art or act of representing a body on a perspective plane; also, a representation or description of a body, in all its dimensions, as it appears to the eye.

Scepsis(n.) Skepticism; skeptical philosophy.

Seer(n.) A person who foresees events; a prophet.

Seeress(n.) A female seer; a prophetess.

Sheeling(n.) A hut or small cottage in an expessed or a retired place (as on a mountain or at the seaside) such as is used by shepherds, fishermen, sportsmen, etc.; a summer cottage; also, a shed.

Sheep(n. sing. & pl.) Any one of several species of ruminants of the genus Ovis, native of the higher mountains of both hemispheres, but most numerous in Asia.

Sheep(n. sing. & pl.) Fig.: The people of God, as being under the government and protection of Christ, the great Shepherd.

Sheephook(n.) A hook fastened to pole, by which shepherds lay hold on the legs or necks of their sheep; a shepherd's crook.

Sheepshead(n.) A large and valuable sparoid food fish (Archosargus, / Diplodus, probatocephalus) found on the Atlantic coast of the United States. It often weighs from ten to twelve pounds.

Sheet(v. t.) A single signature of a book or a pamphlet;

Shepherd(n.) A man employed in tending, feeding, and guarding sheep, esp. a flock grazing at large.

Shepherd(n.) The pastor of a church; one with the religious guidance of others.

Shepherded(imp. & p. p.) of Shepherd

Shepherding(p. pr. & vb. n.) of Shepherd

Shepherd(v. t.) To tend as a shepherd; to guard, herd, lead, or drive, as a shepherd.

Shepherdess(n.) A woman who tends sheep; hence, a rural lass.

Shepherdias(pl. ) of Shepherdia

Shepherdia(n.) A genus of shrubs having silvery scurfy leaves, and belonging to the same family as Elaeagnus; also, any plant of this genus. See Buffalo berry, under Buffalo.

Shepherdish(n.) Resembling a shepherd; suiting a shepherd; pastoral.

Shepherdism(n.) Pastoral life or occupation.

Shepherdling(n.) A little shepherd.

Shepherdly(a.) Resembling, or becoming to, a shepherd; pastoral; rustic.

Skeptic(n.) A doubter as to whether any fact or truth can be certainly known; a universal doubter; a Pyrrhonist; hence, in modern usage, occasionally, a person who questions whether any truth or fact can be established on philosophical grounds; sometimes, a critical inquirer, in opposition to a dogmatist.

Skepticism(n.) The doctrine that no fact or principle can be certainly known; the tenet that all knowledge is uncertain; Pyrrohonism; universal doubt; the position that no fact or truth, however worthy of confidence, can be established on philosophical grounds; critical investigation or inquiry, as opposed to the positive assumption or assertion of certain principles.

Skew(a.) Turned or twisted to one side; situated obliquely; skewed; -- chiefly used in technical phrases.

Slepez(n.) A burrowing rodent (Spalax typhlus), native of Russia and Asia Minor. It has the general appearance of a mole, and is destitute of eyes. Called also mole rat.

Sneezing(n.) The act of violently forcing air out through the nasal passages while the cavity of the mouth is shut off from the pharynx by the approximation of the soft palate and the base of the tongue.

Specie() abl. of L. species sort, kind. Used in the phrase in specie, that is, in sort, in kind, in (its own) form.

Spectre(n.) Something preternaturally visible; an apparition; a ghost; a phantom.

Spectrophotometer(n.) An instrument for measuring or comparing the intensites of the colors of the spectrum.

Spectrum(n.) The several colored and other rays of which light is composed, separated by the refraction of a prism or other means, and observed or studied either as spread out on a screen, by direct vision, by photography, or otherwise. See Illust. of Light, and Spectroscope.

Speer(n.) A sphere.

Spekboom(n.) The purslane tree of South Africa, -- said to be the favorite food of elephants.

Spell(n.) A stanza, verse, or phrase supposed to be endowed with magical power; an incantation; hence, any charm.

Spell(v. t.) To tell or name in their proper order letters of, as a word; to write or print in order the letters of, esp. the proper letters; to form, as words, by correct orthography.

Spelling(n.) The act of one who spells; formation of words by letters; orthography.

Spere(n.) A sphere.

Spermaphore(n.) That part of the ovary from which the ovules arise; the placenta.

Spermatogemma(n.) Same as Spermosphere.

Spermatogonium(n.) A primitive seminal cell, occuring in masses in the seminal tubules. It divides into a mass (spermosphere) of small cells (spermoblast), which in turn give rise to spermatozoids.

Spermatophore(n.) Same as Spermospore.

Spermatophore(n.) A capsule or pocket inclosing a number of spermatozoa. They are present in many annelids, brachiopods, mollusks, and crustaceans. In cephalopods the structure of the capsule is very complex.

Spermatophorous(a.) Producing seed, or sperm; seminiferous; as, the so-called spermatophorous cells.

Spermophile(n.) Any ground squirrel of the genus Spermophilus; a gopher. See Illust. under Gopher.

Spermophore(n.) A spermatophore.

Spermophyta(n. pl.) Plants which produce seed; phaenogamia. These plants constitute the highest grand division of the vegetable kingdom.

Spermophyte(n.) Any plant which produces true seeds; -- a term recently proposed to replace ph/nogam.

Spermophytic(a.) Capable of producing seeds; ph/nogamic.

Spermosphere(n.) A mass or ball of cells formed by the repeated division of a male germinal cell (spermospore), each constituent cell (spermoblast) of which is converted into a spermatozoid; a spermatogemma.

Sperm whale() A very large toothed whale (Physeter macrocephalus), having a head of enormous size. The upper jaw is destitute of teeth. In the upper part of the head, above the skull, there is a large cavity, or case, filled with oil and spermaceti. This whale sometimes grows to the length of more than eighty feet. It is found in the warmer parts of all the oceans. Called also cachalot, and spermaceti whale.

Steganographist(n.) One skilled in steganography; a cryptographer.

Steganography(n.) The art of writing in cipher, or in characters which are not intelligible except to persons who have the key; cryptography.

Steganophthalmata(n. pl.) The Discophora, or Phanerocarpae. Called also Steganophthalmia.

Stegocephala(n. pl.) An extinct order of amphibians found fossil in the Mesozoic rocks; called also Stegocephali, and Labyrinthodonta.

Stellerida(n. pl.) An extensive group of echinoderms, comprising the starfishes and ophiurans.

Stelography(n.) The art of writing or inscribing characters on pillars.

Stem(n.) The part of an inflected word which remains unchanged (except by euphonic variations) throughout a given inflection; theme; base.

Stenographed(imp. & p. p.) of Stenograph

Stenographing(p. pr. & vb. n.) of Stenograph

Stenograph(v. t.) To write or report in stenographic characters.

Stenograph(n.) A production of stenography; anything written in shorthand.

Stenographer(n.) One who is skilled in stenography; a writer of shorthand.

Stenographic(a.) Alt. of Stenographical

Stenographical(a.) Of or pertaining to stenography.

Stenographist(n.) A stenographer.

Stenography(n.) The art of writing in shorthand, by using abbreviations or characters for whole words; shorthand.

Stenophyllous(a.) Having narrow leaves.

Stentorophonic(a.) Speaking or sounding very loud; stentorian.

Stephanion(n.) The point on the side of the skull

Stephanite(n.) A sulphide of antimony and silver of an iron-black color and metallic luster; called also black silver, and brittle silver ore.

Stephanotis(n.) A genus of climbing asclepiadaceous shrubs, of Madagascar, Malaya, etc. They have fleshy or coriaceous opposite leaves, and large white waxy flowers in cymes.

Stephanotis(n.) A perfume said to be prepared from the flowers of Stephanotis floribunda.

Stereo-() A combining form meaning solid, hard, firm, as in stereo-chemistry, stereography.

Stereogram(n.) A diagram or picture which represents objects in such a way as to give the impression of relief or solidity; also, a stereograph.

Stereograph(n.) Any picture, or pair of pictures, prepared for exhibition in the stereoscope. Stereographs are now commonly made by means of photography.

Stereographic(a.) Alt. of Stereographical

Stereographical(a.) Made or done according to the rules of stereography;

Stereographically(adv.) In a stereographical manner; by


Stereopticon(n.) An instrument, consisting essentially of a magic lantern in which photographic pictures are used, by which the image of a landscape, or any object, may be thrown upon a screen in such a manner as to seem to stand out in relief, so as to form a striking and accurate representation of the object itself; also, a pair of magic lanterns for producing the effect of dissolving views.

Stereotypographer(n.) A stereotype printer.

Stereotypography(n.) The act or art of printing from stereotype plates.

Sternbergite(n.) A sulphide of silver and iron, occurring in soft flexible laminae varying in color from brown to black.

Sterrink(n.) The crab-eating seal (Lobodon carcinophaga) of the Antarctic Ocean.

Stethograph(n.) See Pneumatograph.

Sweat(v. t.) To cause to excrete moisture from the skin; to cause to perspire; as, his physicians attempted to sweat him by most powerful sudorifics.

Swedenborgian(n.) One who holds the doctrines of the New Jerusalem church, as taught by Emanuel Swedenborg, a Swedish philosopher and religious writer, who was born a. d. 1688 and died 1772. Swedenborg claimed to have intercourse with the spiritual world, through the opening of his spiritual senses in 1745. He taught that the Lord Jesus Christ, as comprehending in himself all the fullness of the Godhead, is the one only God, and that there is a spiritual sense to the Scriptures

Sweeny(n.) An atrophy of the muscles of the shoulder in horses; also, atrophy of any muscle in horses.

Sweetwood(n.) The timber of the tree Oreodaphne Leucoxylon, growing in Jamaica. The name is also applied to the timber of several other related trees.

Syenite(n.) A granular, crystal

Taeniata(n. pl.) A division of Ctenophora including those which have a long, ribbonlike body. The Venus's girdle is the most familiar example.

Taenioglossa(n. pl.) An extensive division of gastropod mollusks in which the odontophore is long and narrow, and usually bears seven rows of teeth. It includes a large number of families both marine and fresh-water.

Teething(n.) The process of the first growth of teeth, or the phenomena attending their issue through the gums; dentition.

Theanthropism(n.) The ascription of human atributes to the Deity, or to a polytheistic deity; anthropomorphism.

Theatre(n.) A sphere or scheme of operation.

Thecaphore(n.) A surface or organ bearing a theca, or covered with thecae.

Thecaphore(n.) See Basigynium.

Thecata(n. pl.) Same as Thecophora.

Thecophora(n. pl.) A division of hydroids comprising those which have the hydranths in thecae and the gonophores in capsules. The campanularians and sertularians are examples. Called also Thecata. See Illust. under Hydroidea.

Thelphusian(n.) One of a tribe of fresh-water crabs which live in or on the banks of rivers in tropical countries.

Theme(n.) A noun or verb, not modified by inflections; also, that part of a noun or verb which remains unchanged (except by euphonic variations) in declension or conjugation; stem.

Thenardite(n.) Anhydrous sodium sulphate, a mineral of a white or brown color and vitreous luster.

Theodicy(n.) That department of philosophy which treats of the being, perfections, and government of God, and the immortality of the soul.

Theophanic(a.) Of or pertaining to a theopany; appearing to man, as a god.

Theophany(n.) A manifestation of God to man by actual appearance, usually as an incarnation.

Theophilanthropic(a.) Pertaining to theophilanthropy or the theophilanthropists.

Theophilanthropism(n.) The doctrine of the theophilanthropists; theophilanthropy.

Theophilanthropist(n.) A member of a deistical society established at Paris during the French revolution.

Theophilanthropy(n.) Theophilanthropism.

Theophilosophic(a.) Combining theism and philosophy, or pertaining to the combination of theism and philosophy.

Theory(n.) The philosophical explanation of phenomena, either physical or moral; as, Lavoisier's theory of combustion; Adam Smith's theory of moral sentiments.

Theosoph(n.) Alt. of Theosopher

Theosopher(n.) A theosophist.

Theosophic(a.) Alt. of Theosophical

Theosophical(a.) Of or pertaining to theosophy.

Theosophism(n.) Belief in theosophy.

Theosophist(n.) One addicted to theosophy.

Theosophistical(a.) Of or pertaining to theosophy; theosophical.

Theosophized(imp. & p. p.) of Theosophize

Theosophizing(p. pr. & vb. n.) of Theosophize

Theosophize(v. i.) To practice theosophy.

Theosophy(n.) Any system of philosophy or mysticism which proposes to attain intercourse with God and superior spirits, and consequent superhuman knowledge, by physical processes, as by the theurgic operations of some ancient Platonists, or by the chemical processes of the German fire philosophers; also, a direct, as distinguished from a revealed, knowledge of God, supposed to be attained by extraordinary illumination; especially, a direct insight into the processes of the divine mind

Theriodontia(n. pl.) An extinct order of reptiles found in the Permian and Triassic formations in South Africa. In some respects they resembled carnivorous mammals. Called also Theromorpha.

Thermetograph(n.) A self-registering thermometer, especially one that registers the maximum and minimum during long periods.

Thermograph(n.) An instrument for automatically recording indications of the variation of temperature.

Thermometrograph(n.) An instrument for recording graphically the variations of temperature, or the indications of a thermometer.

Thermotical(a.) Of or pertaining to heat; produced by heat; as, thermotical phenomena.

Thermotropism(n.) The phenomenon of turning towards a source of warmth, seen in the growing parts of some plants.

Thermotype(n.) A picture (as of a slice of wood) obtained by first wetting the object slightly with hydrochloric or dilute sulphuric acid, then taking an impression with a press, and next strongly heating this impression.

Theromorpha(n. pl.) See Theriodonta.

Theta(n.) A letter of the Greek alphabet corresponding to th in English; -- sometimes called the unlucky letter, from being used by the judges on their ballots in passing condemnation on a prisoner, it being the first letter of the Greek qa`natos, death.

Thetine(n.) Any one of a series of complex basic sulphur compounds analogous to the sulphines.

Toe(n.) A projection from the periphery of a revolving piece, acting as a cam to lift another piece.

Treadmill(n.) A mill worked by persons treading upon steps on the periphery of a wide wheel having a horizontal axis.

Treadwheel(n.) A wheel turned by persons or animals, by treading, climbing, or pushing with the feet, upon its periphery or face. See Treadmill.

Treat(v. t.) To subject to some action; to apply something to; as, to treat a substance with sulphuric acid.

Trehala(n.) An amorphous variety of manna obtained from the nests and cocoons of a Syrian coleopterous insect (Larinus maculatus, L. nidificans, etc.) which feeds on the foliage of a variety of thistle. It is used as an article of food, and is called also nest sugar.

Trematodea(n. pl.) An extensive order of parasitic worms. They are found in the internal cavities of animals belonging to all classes. Many species are found, also, on the gills and skin of fishes. A few species are parasitic on man, and some, of which the fluke is the most important, are injurious parasites of domestic animals. The trematodes usually have a flattened body covered with a chitinous skin, and are furnished with two or more suckers for adhesion.

Tremolite(n.) A white variety of amphibole, or hornblende, occurring in long, bladelike crystals, and coarsely fibrous masses.

Trepan(n.) A crown-saw or cylindrical saw for perforating the skull, turned, when used, like a bit or gimlet. See Trephine.

Trephine(n.) An instrument for trepanning, being an improvement on the trepan. It is a circular or cylindrical saw, with a handle like that of a gimlet, and a little sharp perforator called the center pin.

Trephined(imp. & p. p.) of Trephine

Trephining(p. pr. & vb. n.) of Trephine

Trephine(v. t.) To perforate with a trephine; to trepan.

Trepidation(n.) A libration of the starry sphere in the Ptolemaic system; a motion ascribed to the firmament, to account for certain small changes in the position of the ecliptic and of the stars.

Twelfth-night(n.) The evening of Epiphany, or the twelfth day after Christmas, observed as a festival by various churches.

Twelfthtide(n.) The twelfth day after Christmas; Epiphany; -- called also Twelfth-day.

Tye(v. t.) See Tie, the proper orthography.

Urea(a.) A very soluble crystal

Uterus(n.) A receptacle, or pouch, connected with the oviducts of many invertebrates in which the eggs are retained until they hatch or until the embryos develop more or less. See Illust. of Hermaphrodite in Append.

View(n.) Power of seeing, either physically or mentally; reach or range of sight; extent of prospect.

Weevil(n.) Any one of numerous species of snout beetles, or Rhynchophora, in which the head is elongated and usually curved downward. Many of the species are very injurious to cultivated plants. The larvae of some of the species live in nuts, fruit, and grain by eating out the interior, as the plum weevil, or curculio, the nut weevils, and the grain weevil (see under Plum, Nut, and Grain). The larvae of other species bore under the bark and into the pith of trees and various other plants

Wheel(n.) A circular frame having handles on the periphery, and an axle which is so connected with the tiller as to form a means of controlling the rudder for the purpose of steering.

About the author

Mark McCracken

Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".

Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken , All Rights Reserved.