Words whose third letter is I

Ability(n.) The quality or state of being able; power to perform, whether physical, moral, intellectual, conventional, or legal; capacity; skill or competence in doing; sufficiency of strength, skill, resources, etc.; -- in the plural, faculty, talent.

Adiaphorism(n.) Religious indifference.

Adiaphorist(n.) One of the German Protestants who, with Melanchthon, held some opinions and ceremonies to be indifferent or nonessential, which Luther condemned as sinful or heretical.

Adiaphoristic(a.) Pertaining to matters indifferent in faith and practice.

Adiaphorite(n.) Same as Adiaphorist.

Adiaphorous(a.) Indifferent or neutral.

Adiaphorous(a.) Incapable of doing either harm or good, as some medicines.

Adiaphory(n.) Indifference.

Agitation(n.) A stirring up or arousing; disturbance of tranquillity; disturbance of mind which shows itself by physical excitement; perturbation; as, to cause any one agitation.

Alisphenoid(a.) Alt. of Alisphenoidal

Alisphenoidal(a.) Pertaining to or forming the wing of the sphenoid; relating to a bone in the base of the skull, which in the adult is often consolidated with the sphenoid; as, alisphenoid bone; alisphenoid canal.

Alisphenoid(n.) The alisphenoid bone.

Alive(a.) Of all living (by way of emphasis).

Amic(a.) Related to, or derived, ammonia; -- used chiefly as a suffix; as, amic acid; phosphamic acid.

Anilide(n.) One of a class of compounds which may be regarded as amides in which more or less of the hydrogen has been replaced by phenyl.

Ani Animalculism(n.) The theory which seeks to explain certain physiological and pathological phenomena by means of animalcules.

Animism(n.) The belief that inanimate objects and the phenomena of nature are endowed with personal life or a living soul; also, in an extended sense, the belief in the existence of soul or spirit apart from matter.

Anisodactyls(n. pl.) A group of herbivorous mammals characterized by having the hoofs in a single series around the foot, as the elephant, rhinoceros, etc.

Anisophyllous(a.) Having unequal leaves.

Anisopoda(n. pl.) A division of Crustacea, which, in some its characteristics, is intermediate between Amphipoda and Isopoda.

Ariel gazelle() A beautiful Brazilian toucan Ramphastos ariel).

Aristophanic(a.) Of or pertaining to Aristophanes, the Athenian comic poet.

Aristotelian(a.) Of or pertaining to Aristotle, the famous Greek philosopher (384-322 b. c.).

Aristotelianism() The philosophy of Aristotle, otherwise called the Peripatetic philosophy.

Aristotelic(a.) Pertaining to Aristotle or to his philosophy.

Asiphonate(a.) Destitute of a siphon or breathing tube; -- said of many bivalve shells.

Asiphonate(n.) An asiphonate mollusk.

Asiphonea(n. pl.) Alt. of Asiphonida

Asiphonata(n. pl.) Alt. of Asiphonida

Asiphonida(n. pl.) A group of bivalve mollusks destitute of siphons, as the oyster; the asiphonate mollusks.

Bain-marie(n.) A vessel for holding hot water in which another vessel may be heated without scorching its contents; -- used for warming or preparing food or pharmaceutical preparations.

Being(n.) Existence, as opposed to nonexistence; state or sphere of existence.

Blight(n.) Mildew; decay; anything nipping or blasting; -- applied as a general name to various injuries or diseases of plants, causing the whole or a part to wither, whether occasioned by insects, fungi, or atmospheric influences.

Blight(n.) A downy species of aphis, or plant louse, destructive to fruit trees, infesting both the roots and branches; -- also applied to several other injurious insects.

Brimstone(v. t.) Sulphur; See Sulphur.

Brimstony(a.) Containing or resembling brimstone; sulphurous.

Briticism(n.) A word, phrase, or idiom peculiar to Great Britain; any manner of using a word or words that is peculiar to Great Britain.

Brittle star() Any species of ophiuran starfishes. See Ophiuroidea.

Chiasmus(n.) An inversion of the order of words or phrases, when repeated or subsequently referred to in a sentence

Chicane(n.) The use of artful subterfuge, designed to draw away attention from the merits of a case or question; -- specifically applied to legal proceedings; trickery; chicanery; caviling; sophistry.

Chicanery(n.) Mean or unfair artifice to perplex a cause and obscure the truth; stratagem; sharp practice; sophistry.

Chickweed(n.) The name of several caryophyllaceous weeds, especially Stellaria media, the seeds and flower buds of which are a favorite food of small birds.

Chimaera(n.) A cartilaginous fish of several species, belonging to the order Holocephali. The teeth are few and large. The head is furnished with appendages, and the tail terminates in a point.

Chirograph(n.) A writing which, requiring a counterpart, was engrossed twice on the same piece of parchment, with a space between, in which was written the word chirographum, through which the parchment was cut, and one part given to each party. It answered to what is now called a charter party.

Chirograph(n.) The last part of a fine of land, commonly called the foot of the fine.

Chirographer(n.) One who practice the art or business of writing or engrossing.

Chirographer(n.) See chirographist, 2.

Chirographic(a.) Alt. of Chirographical

Chirographical(a.) Of or pertaining to chirography.

Chirographist(n.) A chirographer; a writer or engrosser.

Chirographist(n.) One who tells fortunes by examining the hand.

Chirography(n.) The art of writing or engrossing; handwriting; as, skilled in chirography.

Chirography(n.) The art of telling fortunes by examining the hand.

Chirology(n.) The art or practice of using the manual alphabet or of communicating thoughts by sings made by the hands and fingers; a substitute for spoken or written language in intercourse with the deaf and dumb. See Dactylalogy.

Chirosophist(n.) A fortune teller.

Chitin(n.) A white amorphous horny substance forming the harder part of the outer integument of insects, crustacea, and various other invertebrates; entomolin.

Chiton(n.) One of a group of gastropod mollusks, with a shell composed of eight movable dorsal plates. See Polyplacophora.

Climate(v. i.) The condition of a place in relation to various phenomena of the atmosphere, as temperature, moisture, etc., especially as they affect animal or vegetable life.

Climatography(n.) A description of climates.

Climatology(n.) The science which treats of climates and investigates their phenomena and causes.

Climax(v. i.) A figure in which the parts of a sentence or paragraph are so arranged that each succeeding one rises above its predecessor in impressiveness.

Clinographic(a.) Pertaining to that mode of projection in drawing in which the rays of light are supposed to fall obliquely on the plane of projection.

Clinoid(a.) Like a bed; -- applied to several processes on the inner side of the sphenoid bone.

Criosphinx(n.) A sphinx with the head of a ram.

Deipnosophist(n.) One of an ancient sect of philosophers, who cultivated learned conversation at meals.

Drill(n.) Any exercise, physical or mental, enforced with regularity and by constant repetition; as, a severe drill in Latin grammar.

Drill(n.) A large African baboon (Cynocephalus leucophaeus).

Drive(v. i.) To be forced along; to be impelled; to be moved by any physical force or agent; to be driven.

Elison(n.) The cutting off or suppression of a vowel or syllable, for the sake of meter or euphony; esp., in poetry, the dropping of a final vowel standing before an initial vowel in the following word, when the two words are drawn together.

Eminent(a.) Being, metaphorically, above others, whether by birth, high station, merit, or virtue; high in public estimation; distinguished; conspicuous; as, an eminent station; an eminent historian, statements, statesman, or saint.

Enigmatography(n.) Alt. of Enigmatology

Epi-() A prefix, meaning upon, beside, among, on the outside, above, over. It becomes ep-before a vowel, as in epoch, and eph-before a Greek aspirate, as in ephemeral.

Epibranchial(a.) Pertaining to the segment between the ceratobranchial and pharyngobranchial in a branchial arch.

Epicene(a. & n.) Common to both sexes; -- a term applied, in grammar, to such nouns as have but one form of gender

Epicoele(n.) A cavity formed by the invagination of the outer wall of the body, as the atrium of an amphioxus and possibly the body cavity of vertebrates.

Epictetain(a.) Pertaining to Epictetus, the Roman Stoic philosopher, whose conception of life was to be passionless under whatever circumstances.

Epicurean(a.) Pertaining to Epicurus, or following his philosophy.

Epidemiography(n.) A treatise upon, or history of, epidemic diseases.

Epiglottis(n.) A cartilaginous lidlike appendage which closes the glottis while food or drink is passing while food or drink is passing through the pharynx.

Epigraph(n.) Any inscription set upon a building; especially, one which has to do with the building itself, its founding or dedication.

Epigraph(n.) A citation from some author, or a sentence framed for the purpose, placed at the beginning of a work or of its separate divisions; a motto.

Epigraphic(a.) Alt. of Epigraphical

Epigraphical(a.) Of or pertaining to epigraphs or to epigraphy; as, an epigraphic style; epigraphical works or studies.

Epigraphics(n.) The science or study of epigraphs.

Epigraphist(n.) A student of, or one versed in, epigraphy.

Epigraphy(n.) The science of inscriptions; the art of engraving inscriptions or of deciphering them.

Epinastic(a.) A term applied to that phase of vegetable growth in which an organ grows more rapidly on its upper than on its under surface. See Hyponastic.

Epineural(a.) Arising from the neurapophysis of a vertebra.

Epinicion(n.) A song of triumph.

Epiperipheral(a.) Connected with, or having its origin upon, the external surface of the body; -- especially applied to the feelings which originate at the extremities of nerves distributed on the outer surface, as the sensation produced by touching an object with the finger; -- opposed to entoperipheral.

Epiphany(n.) An appearance, or a becoming manifest.

Epiphany(n.) A church festival celebrated on the 6th of January, the twelfth day after Christmas, in commemoration of the visit of the Magi of the East to Bethlehem, to see and worship the child Jesus; or, as others maintain, to commemorate the appearance of the star to the Magi, symbolizing the manifestation of Christ to the Gentles; Twelfthtide.

Epipharyngeal(a.) Pertaining to the segments above the epibranchial in the branchial arches of fishes.

Epipharyngeal(n.) An epipharyngeal bone or cartilage.

Epipharynx(n.) A structure which overlaps the mouth of certain insects.

Epiphonema(n.) An exclamatory sentence, or striking reflection, which sums up or concludes a discourse.

Epiphoneme(n.) Epiphonema.

Epiphora(n.) The watery eye; a disease in which the tears accumulate in the eye, and trickle over the cheek.

Epiphora(n.) The emphatic repetition of a word or phrase, at the end of several sentences or stanzas.

Epiphragm(n.) A membranaceous or calcareous septum with which some mollusks close the aperture of the shell during the time of hibernation, or aestivation.

Epiphylospermous(a.) Bearing fruit on the back of the leaves, as ferns.

Epiphyllous(a.) Growing upon, or inserted into, the leaf.

Epiphyllum(n.) A genus of cactaceous plants having flattened, jointed stems, and petals united in a tube. The flowers are very showy, and several species are in cultivation.

Epiphyseal() Alt. of Epiphysial

Epiphysial() Pertaining to, or having the nature of, an epiphysis.

Epiphyses(pl. ) of Epiphysis

Epiphysis(n.) The end, or other superficial part, of a bone, which ossifies separately from the central portion, or diaphysis.

Epiphysis(n.) The cerebral epiphysis, or pineal gland. See Pineal gland, under Pineal.

Epiphytal(a.) Pertaining to an epiphyte.

Epiphyte(n.) An air plant which grows on other plants, but does not derive its nourishment from them. See Air plant.

Epiphyte(n.) A vegetable parasite growing on the surface of the body.

Epiphytic(a.) Alt. of Epiphytical

Epiphytical(a.) Pertaining to, or having the nature of, an epiphyte.

Epipleural(a.) Arising from the pleurapophysis of a vertebra.

Epipolized(a.) Changed to the epipolic condition, or that in which the phenomenon of fluorescence is presented; produced by fluorescence; as, epipolized light.

Epipteric(a.) Pertaining to a small Wormian bone sometimes present in the human skull between the parietal and the great wing of the sphenoid.

Epipubis(n.) A cartilage or bone in front of the pubis in some amphibians and other animals.

Epistolographic(a.) Pertaining to the writing of letters; used in writing letters; epistolary.

Epistolography(n.) The art or practice of writing epistles.

Epistrophe(n.) A figure in which successive clauses end with the same word or affirmation; e. g., "Are they Hebrews? so am I. Are they Israelites? so am I."

Epitaph(n.) An inscription on, or at, a tomb, or a grave, in memory or commendation of the one buried there; a sepulchral inscription.

Epitaph(n.) A brief writing formed as if to be inscribed on a monument, as that concerning Alexander: "Sufficit huic tumulus, cui non sufficeret orbis."

Epitaph(v. t.) To commemorate by an epitaph.

Epitaph(v. i.) To write or speak after the manner of an epitaph.

Epitapher(n.) A writer of epitaphs.

Epitaphial(a.) Alt. of Epitaphian

Epitaphian(a.) Relating to, or of the nature of, an epitaph.

Epitaphic(a.) Pertaining to an epitaph; epitaphian.

Epitaphic(n.) An epitaph.

Epitaphist(n.) An epitapher.

Epitasis(n.) That part which embraces the main action of a play, poem, and the like, and leads on to the catastrophe; -- opposed to protasis.

Epithelium(n.) The superficial layer of cells lining the alimentary canal and all its appendages, all glands and their ducts, blood vessels and lymphatics, serous cavities, etc. It often includes the epidermis (i. e., keratin-producing epithelial cells), and it is sometimes restricted to the alimentary canal, the glands and their appendages, -- the term endothelium being applied to the lining membrane of the blood vessels, lymphatics, and serous cavities.

Epithet(n.) Term; expression; phrase.

Epizeuxis(n.) A figure by which a word is repeated with vehemence or emphasis.

Ericolin(n.) A glucoside found in the bearberry (and others of the Ericaceae), and extracted as a bitter, yellow, amorphous mass.

Evil(n.) malady or disease; especially in the phrase king's evil, the scrofula.

Fail(v. i.) Miscarriage; failure; deficiency; fault; -- mostly superseded by failure or failing, except in the phrase without fail.

Flibbergib(n.) A sycophant.

Frieze(n.) That part of the entablature of an order which is between the architrave and cornice. It is a flat member or face, either uniform or broken by triglyphs, and often enriched with figures and other ornaments of sculpture.

Fritillary(n.) One of several species of butterflies belonging to Argynnis and allied genera; -- so called because the coloring of their wings resembles that of the common Fritillaria. See Aphrodite.

Geissler tube() A glass tube provided with platinum electrodes, and containing some gas under very low tension, which becomes luminous when an electrical discharge is passed through it; -- so called from the name of a noted maker in germany. It is called also Plucker tube, from the German physicist who devised it.

Gliadin(n.) Vegetable glue or gelatin; glutin. It is one of the constituents of wheat gluten, and is a tough, amorphous substance, which resembles animal glue or gelatin.

Glide(n.) A transitional sound in speech which is produced by the changing of the mouth organs from one definite position to another, and with gradual change in the most frequent cases; as in passing from the begining to the end of a regular diphthong, or from vowel to consonant or consonant to vowel in a syllable, or from one component to the other of a double or diphthongal consonant (see Guide to Pronunciation, // 19, 161, 162).

Grimme(n.) A West African antelope (Cephalophus rufilotus) of a deep bay color, with a broad dorsal stripe of black; -- called also conquetoon.

Guiacol(n.) A colorless liquid, C6H4,OCH3.OH, resembling the phenols, found as a constituent of woodtar creosote, aud produced by the dry distillation of guaiac resin.

Guib(n.) A West African antelope (Tragelaphus scriptus), curiously marked with white stripes and spots on a reddish fawn ground, and hence called harnessed antelope; -- called also guiba.

Guise(n.) Customary way of speaking or acting; custom; fashion; manner; behavior; mien; mode; practice; -- often used formerly in such phrases as: at his own guise; that is, in his own fashion, to suit himself.

Hair(n.) An outgrowth of the epidermis, consisting of one or of several cells, whether pointed, hooked, knobbed, or stellated. Internal hairs occur in the flower stalk of the yellow frog lily (Nuphar).

Idiocyclophanous(a.) Same as Idiophanous.

Idiograph(n.) A mark or signature peculiar to an individual; a trade-mark.

Idiographic(a.) Alt. of Idiographical

Idiographical(a.) Of or pertaining to an idiograph.

Idiom(n.) An expression conforming or appropriate to the peculiar structural form of a language; in extend use, an expression sanctioned by usage, having a sense peculiar to itself and not agreeing with the logical sense of its structural form; also, the phrase forms peculiar to a particular author.

Idiomatical(a.) Of or pertaining to, or conforming to, the mode of expression peculiar to a language; as, an idiomatic meaning; an idiomatic phrase.

Idiomorphic(a.) Idiomorphous.

Idiomorphous(a.) Having a form of its own.

Idiomorphous(a.) Apperaing in distinct crystals; -- said of the mineral constituents of a rock.

Idiophanous(a.) Exhibiting interference figures without the aid of a polariscope, as certain crystals.

Idiosyncrasy(n.) A peculiarity of physical or mental constitution or temperament; a characteristic belonging to, and distinguishing, an individual; characteristic susceptibility; idiocrasy; eccentricity.

Idioticon(n.) A dictionary of a peculiar dialect, or of the words and phrases peculiar to one part of a country; a glossary.

Imitation(n.) One of the principal means of securing unity and consistency in polyphonic composition; the repetition of essentially the same melodic theme, phrase, or motive, on different degrees of pitch, by one or more of the other parts of voises. Cf. Canon.

Inia(n.) A South American freshwater dolphin (Inia Boliviensis). It is ten or twelve feet long, and has a hairy snout.

Iridioscope(n.) A kind of ophthalmoscope.

Irido Iriscope(n.) A philosophical toy for exhibiting the prismatic tints by means of thin films.

Joint-fir(n.) A genus (Ephedra) of leafless shrubs, with the stems conspicuously jointed; -- called also shrubby horsetail. There are about thirty species, of which two or three are found from Texas to California.

Kainite(n.) A compound salt consisting chiefly of potassium chloride and magnesium sulphate, occurring at the Stassfurt salt mines in Prussian Saxony.

Leipoa(n.) A genus of Australian gallinaceous birds including but a single species (Leipoa ocellata), about the size of a turkey. Its color is variegated, brown, black, white, and gray. Called also native pheasant.

Maintain(v. t.) To hold or keep in any particular state or condition; to support; to sustain; to uphold; to keep up

Moist(a.) Moderately wet; damp; humid; not dry; as, a moist atmosphere or air.

Naiad(n.) A water nymph; one of the lower female divinities, fabled to preside over some body of fresh water, as a lake, river, brook, or fountain.

Naiad(n.) One of a group of butterflies. See Nymph.

Naive(a.) Having native or unaffected simplicity; ingenuous; artless; frank; as, naive manners; a naive person; naive and unsophisticated remarks.

Aliphatic(a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, fat; fatty; -- applied to compounds having an openc-hain structure. The aliphatic compounds thus include not only the fatty acids and other derivatives of the paraffin hydrocarbons, but also unsaturated compounds, as the ethylene and acetylene series.

Amidol(n.) A salt of a diamino phenol, C6H3(OH)(NH2)2, used as a developer.

Anisol(n.) Methyl phenyl ether, C6H5OCH3, got by distilling anisic acid or by the action of methide on potassium phenolate.

Baily's beads() A row of bright spots observed in connection with total eclipses of the sun. Just before and after a total eclipse, the slender, unobscured crescent of the sun's disk appears momentarily like a row of bright spots resembling a string of beads. The phenomenon (first fully described by Francis Baily, 1774 -- 1844) is thought to be an effect of irradiation, and of inequalities of the moon's edge.

Blind reader() A post-office clerk whose duty is to decipher obscure addresses.

Caisson disease() A disease frequently induced by remaining for some time in an atmosphere of high pressure, as in caissons, diving bells, etc. It is characterized by neuralgic pains and paralytic symptoms. It is variously explained, most probably as due to congestion of internal organs with subsequent stasis of the blood.

Coign(n.) A var. spelling of Coin, Quoin, a corner, wedge; -- chiefly used in the phrase coign of vantage, a position advantageous for action or observation.

Going(p. pr.) Carrying on its ordinary business; conducting business, or carried on, with an indefinite prospect of continuance; -- chiefly used in the phrases a going business, concern, etc.

Iris diaphragm() An adjustable diaphragm, suggesting the iris of the eye in its action, for regulating the aperture of a lens, consisting of a number of thin pieces fastened to a ring. It is used in cameras and microscopes.

Omicron(n.) Lit., the little, or short, O, o; the fifteenth letter of the Greek alphabet.

Point alphabet() An alphabet for the blind with a system of raised points corresponding to letters.

Poison bush() Any fabaceous shrub of the genus Gastrolobium, the herbage of which is poisonous to stock; also, any species of several related genera, as Oxylobium, Gompholobium, etc.

Printing in() A process by which cloud effects or other features not in the original negative are introduced into a photograph. Portions, such as the sky, are covered while printing and the blank space thus reserved is filled in by printing from another negative.

Quichuan(a.) Designating, or pertaining to, a linguistic stock of South American Indians, including the majority of the civilized tribes of the ancient Peruvian Empire with some wild tribes never subjugated by the Incas. Most of these Indians are short, but heavy and strong. They are brachycephalic and of remarkably low cranial capacity.

Sciagraphy(n.) Same as Radiography.

Seismogram(n.) The trace or record of an earth tremor, made by means of a seismograph.

Skiagraph(n.) Alt. of Skiagraphy

Skiagraphy(n.) See Sciagraph, Sciagraphy, etc.

Tailing(n.) A prolongation of current in a telegraph

Taint(v. t.) Aphetic form of Attaint.

Tribromophenol(n.) Alt. of Tribromphenol

Tribromphenol(n.) A colorless crystal

Trional(n.) A compound similar to sulphonal, used as a hypnotic in medicine.

Tripitaka(n.) The three divisions, or "baskets" (pitakas), of buddhist scriptures, -- the Vinayapitaka [Skr. Vinayapi/aka]

Weil's disease() An acute infectious febrile disease, resembling typhoid fever, with muscular pains, disturbance of the digestive organs, jaundice, etc.

White elephant() Something requiring much care and expense and yielding little profit; any burdensome possession.

Zoism(n.) A doctrine, now discarded, that the phenomena of life are due to a peculiar vital principle; the theory of vital force.

Obituary(n.) That which pertains to, or is called forth by, the obit or death of a person; esp., an account of a deceased person; a notice of the death of a person, accompanied by a biographical sketch.

Olifant(n.) An elephant.

Opisthoglypha(n. pl.) A division of serpents which have some of the posterior maxillary teeth grooved for fangs.

Opisthography(n.) A writing upon the back of anything, as upon the back of a leaf or sheet already written upon on one side.

Painful(a.) Full of pain; causing uneasiness or distress, either physical or mental; afflictive; disquieting; distressing.

Pair(v. i.) Same as To pair off. See phrase below.

Phial(v. t.) To put or keep in, or as in, a phial.

Philadelphian(a.) Of or pertaining to Ptolemy Philadelphus, or to one of the cities named Philadelphia, esp. the modern city in Pennsylvania.

Philadelphian(n.) A native or an inhabitant of Philadelphia.

Philadelphian(n.) One of a society of mystics of the seventeenth century, -- called also the Family of Love.

Philander(n.) A South American opossum (Didelphys philander).

Philanthrope(n.) A philanthropist.

Philanthropical(a.) Of or pertaining to philanthropy; characterized by philanthropy; loving or helping mankind; as, a philanthropic enterprise.

Philanthropinist(n.) An advocate of, or believer in, philanthropinism.

Philanthropist(n.) One who practices philanthropy; one who loves mankind, and seeks to promote the good of others.

Philanthropistic(a.) Pertaining to, or characteristic of, a philanthropist.

Philatelic(a.) Of or pertaining to philately.

Philatelist(n.) One versed in philately; one who collects postage stamps.

Philhellene(n.) A friend of Greece, or of the Greeks; a philhellenist.

Philhellenic(a.) Of or pertaining to philhellenism.

Philhellenist(n.) A friend of Greece; one who supports the cause of the Greeks; particularly, one who supported them in their struggle for independence against the Turks; a philhellene.

Philip(n.) The house sparrow. Called also phip.

Philippize(v. i.) To write or speak in the style of a philippic.

Phillygenin(n.) A pearly crystal

Philo-() A combining form from Gr. fi`los loving, fond of, attached to; as, philosophy, philotechnic.

Philohellenian(n.) A philhellenist.

Philologer(n.) A philologist.

Philologian(n.) A philologist.

Philologic(a.) Of or pertaining to philology.

Philologist(n.) One versed in philology.

Philologue(n.) A philologist.

Philology(n.) The study of language, especially in a philosophical manner and as a science; the investigation of the laws of human speech, the relation of different tongues to one another, and historical development of languages; linguistic science.

Philomathematic(n.) A philomath.

Philomathic(a.) Of or pertaining to philomathy.

Philomela(n.) The nightingale; philomel.

Philosophaster(n.) A pretender to philosophy.

Philosophate(v. i.) To play the philosopher; to moralize.

Philosophation(n.) Philosophical speculation and discussion.

Philosophe(n.) A philosophaster; a philosopher.

Philosopheme(n.) A philosophical proposition, doctrine, or principle of reasoning.

Philosopher(n.) One who philosophizes; one versed in, or devoted to, philosophy.

Philosopher(n.) One who reduces the principles of philosophy to practice in the conduct of life; one who lives according to the rules of practical wisdom; one who meets or regards all vicissitudes with calmness.

Philosopher(n.) An alchemist.

Philosophic(a.) Alt. of Philosophical

Philosophical(a.) Of or pertaining to philosophy; versed in, or imbued with, the principles of philosophy; hence, characterizing a philosopher; rational; wise; temperate; calm; cool.

Philosophism(n.) Spurious philosophy; the love or practice of sophistry.

Philosophist(n.) A pretender in philosophy.

Philosophistic(a.) Alt. of Philosophistical

Philosophistical(a.) Of or pertaining to the love or practice of sophistry.

Philosophized(imp. & p. p.) of Philosophize

Philosophizing(p. pr. & vb. n.) of Philosophize

Philosophize(v. i.) To reason like a philosopher; to search into the reason and nature of things; to investigate phenomena, and assign rational causes for their existence.

Philosophizer(n.) One who philosophizes.

Philosophies(pl. ) of Philosophy

Philosophy(n.) Literally, the love of, including the search after, wisdom; in actual usage, the knowledge of phenomena as explained by, and resolved into, causes and reasons, powers and laws.

Philosophy(n.) A particular philosophical system or theory; the hypothesis by which particular phenomena are explained.

Philosophy(n.) Practical wisdom; calmness of temper and judgment; equanimity; fortitude; stoicism; as, to meet misfortune with philosophy.

Philosophy(n.) Reasoning; argumentation.

Philosophy(n.) The course of sciences read in the schools.

Philosophy(n.) A treatise on philosophy.

Philter(v. t.) To impregnate or mix with a love potion; as, to philter a draught.

Poinsettia(n.) A Mexican shrub (Euphorbia pulcherrima) with very large and conspicuous vermilion bracts below the yellowish flowers.

Point(n.) A fixed conventional place for reference, or zero of reckoning, in the heavens, usually the intersection of two or more great circles of the sphere, and named specifically in each case according to the position intended; as, the equinoctial points; the solstitial points; the nodal points; vertical points, etc. See Equinoctial Nodal.

Poison(n.) Any agent which, when introduced into the animal organism, is capable of producing a morbid, noxious, or deadly effect upon it; as, morphine is a deadly poison; the poison of pestilential diseases.

Priapean(n.) A species of hexameter verse so constructed as to be divisible into two portions of three feet each, having generally a trochee in the first and the fourth foot, and an amphimacer in the third; -- applied also to a regular hexameter verse when so constructed as to be divisible into two portions of three feet each.

Priapulacea(n. pl.) A suborder of Gephyraea, having a cylindrical body with a terminal anal opening, and usually with one or two caudal gills.

Primum mobile() In the Ptolemaic system, the outermost of the revolving concentric spheres constituting the universe, the motion of which was supposed to carry with it all the inclosed spheres with their planets in a daily revolution from east to west.

Print(v. i.) To use or practice the art of typography; to take impressions of letters, figures, or electrotypes, engraved plates, or the like.

Print(n.) A photographic copy, or positive picture, on prepared paper, as from a negative, or from a drawing on transparent paper.

Printing(n.) The act, art, or practice of impressing letters, characters, or figures on paper, cloth, or other material; the business of a printer, including typesetting and presswork, with their adjuncts; typography; also, the act of producing photographic prints.

Privative(a.) Implying privation or negation; giving a negative force to a word; as, alpha privative; privative particles; -- applied to such prefixes and suffixes as a- (Gr. /), un-, non-, -less.

Psilosopher(n.) A superficial or narrow pretender to philosophy; a sham philosopher.

Quica(n.) A small South American opossum (Didelphys quica), native of Guiana and Brazil. It feeds upon insects, small birds, and fruit.

Quinine(n.) An alkaloid extracted from the bark of several species of cinchona (esp. Cinchona Calisaya) as a bitter white crystal

Quinovin(n.) An amorphous bitter glucoside derived from cinchona and other barks. Called also quinova bitter, and quinova.

Quinoyl(n.) A radical of which quinone is the hydride, analogous to phenyl.

Quintilllion(n.) According to the French notation, which is used on the Continent and in America, the cube of a million, or a unit with eighteen ciphers annexed; according to the English notation, a number produced by involving a million to the fifth power, or a unit with thirty ciphers annexed. See the Note under Numeration.

Rainbow(n.) A bow or arch exhibiting, in concentric bands, the several colors of the spectrum, and formed in the part of the hemisphere opposite to the sun by the refraction and reflection of the sun's rays in drops of falling rain.

Reign(n.) The territory or sphere which is reigned over; kingdom; empire; realm; dominion.

Reindeer(n.) Any ruminant of the genus Rangifer, of the Deer family, found in the colder parts of both the Eastern and Western hemispheres, and having long irregularly branched antlers, with the brow tines palmate.

Rhinencephalic(a.) Of or pertaining to the rhinencephalon.

Rhinencephala(pl. ) of Rhinencephalon

Rhinencephalon(n.) The division of the brain in front of the prosencephalon, consisting of the two olfactory lobes from which the olfactory nerves arise.

Rhinolophid(n.) Any species of the genus Rhinilophus, or family Rhinolophidae, having a horseshoe-shaped nasal crest; a horseshoe bat.

Rhinolophine(a.) Like or pertaining to the rhinolophids, or horseshoe bats.

Rhinophore(n.) One of the two tentacle-like organs on the back of the head or neck of a nudibranch or tectibranch mollusk. They are usually retractile, and often transversely furrowed or plicate, and are regarded as olfactory organs. Called also dorsal tentacles. See Illust. under Pygobranchia, and Opisthobranchia.

Rhinoscopy(n.) The examination or study of the soft palate, posterior nares, etc., by means of a laryngoscopic mirror introduced into the pharynx.

Rhizocephala(n. pl.) A division of Pectostraca including saclike parasites of Crustacea. They adhere by rootlike extensions of the head. See Illusration in Appendix.

Rhizophaga(n. pl.) A division of marsupials. The wombat is the type.

Rhizophagous(a.) Feeding on roots; root-eating.

Rhizophora(n.) A genus of trees including the mangrove. See Mangrove.

Rhizophorous(a.) Bearing roots.

Sailfish(n.) The banner fish, or spikefish (Histiophorus.)

Sainted(a.) Entered into heaven; -- a euphemism for dead.

Sciagraph(n.) An old term for a vertical section of a building; -- called also sciagraphy. See Vertical section, under Section.

Sciagraph(n.) A radiograph.

Sciagraphical(a.) Pertaining to sciagraphy.


Sciagraphy(n.) Same as Sciagraph.

Science(n.) Accumulated and established knowledge, which has been systematized and formulated with reference to the discovery of general truths or the operation of general laws; knowledge classified and made available in work, life, or the search for truth; comprehensive, profound, or philosophical knowledge.

Science(n.) Especially, such knowledge when it relates to the physical world and its phenomena, the nature, constitution, and forces of matter, the qualities and functions of living tissues, etc.; -- called also natural science, and physical science.

Sciniph(n.) Some kind of stinging or biting insect, as a flea, a gnat, a sandfly, or the like.

Sciography(n.) See Sciagraphy.

Sciuromorpha(n. pl.) A tribe of rodents containing the squirrels and allied animals, such as the gophers, woodchucks, beavers, and others.

Seid(n.) A descendant of Mohammed through his daughter Fatima and nephew Ali.

Seismograph(n.) An apparatus for registering the shocks and undulatory motions of earthquakes.

Seismographic(a.) Of or pertaining to a seismograph; indicated by a seismograph.

Seismography(n.) A writing about, or a description of, earthquakes.

Seismography(n.) The art of registering the shocks and undulatory movements of earthquakes.

Seismometry(n.) The mensuration of such phenomena of earthquakes as can be expressed in numbers, or by their relation to the coordinates of space.

Shibboleth(n.) A word which was made the criterion by which to distinguish the Ephraimites from the Gileadites. The Ephraimites, not being able to pronounce sh, called the word sibboleth. See Judges xii.

Shibboleth(n.) Hence, the criterion, test, or watchword of a party; a party cry or pet phrase.

Shieling(n.) A hut or shelter for shepherds of fishers. See Sheeling.

Shiah(n.) A member of that branch of the Mohammedans to which the Persians belong. They reject the first three caliphs, and consider Ali as being the first and only rightful successor of Mohammed. They do not acknowledge the Sunna, or body of traditions respecting Mohammed, as any part of the law, and on these accounts are treated as heretics by the Sunnites, or orthodox Mohammedans.

Shipboard(n.) A ship's side; hence, by extension, a ship; -- found chiefly in adverbial phrases; as, on shipboard; a shipboard.

Shipholder(n.) A shipowner.

Skill(n.) The familiar knowledge of any art or science, united with readiness and dexterity in execution or performance, or in the application of the art or science to practical purposes; power to discern and execute; ability to perceive and perform; expertness; aptitude; as, the skill of a mathematician, physician, surgeon, mechanic, etc.

Skimmington(n.) A word employed in the phrase, To ride Skimmington; that is to ride on a horse with a woman, but behind her, facing backward, carrying a distaff, and accompanied by a procession of jeering neighbors making mock music; a cavalcade in ridicule of a henpecked man. The custom was in vogue in parts of England.

Skirt(n.) The diaphragm, or midriff, in animals.

Smilax(n.) A delicate trailing plant (Myrsiphyllum asparagoides) much used for decoration. It is a native of the Cape of Good Hope.

Spider(n.) Any one of numerous species of arachnids comprising the order Araneina. Spiders have the mandibles converted into poison fangs, or falcers. The abdomen is large and not segmented, with two or three pairs of spinnerets near the end, by means of which they spin threads of silk to form cocoons, or nests, to protect their eggs and young. Many species spin also complex webs to entrap the insects upon which they prey.

Spiderwort(n.) An American endogenous plant (Tradescantia Virginica)

Spinozism(n.) The form of Pantheism taught by Benedict Spinoza, that there is but one substance, or infinite essence, in the universe, of which the so-called material and spiritual beings and phenomena are only modes, and that one this one substance is God.

Spirit(n.) Life, or living substance, considered independently of corporeal existence; an intelligence conceived of apart from any physical organization or embodiment; vital essence, force, or energy, as distinct from matter.

Spirit(n.) Any one of the four substances, sulphur, sal ammoniac, quicksilver, or arsenic (or, according to some, orpiment).

Spiritualism(n.) A belief that departed spirits hold intercourse with mortals by means of physical phenomena, as by rappng, or during abnormal mental states, as in trances, or the like, commonly manifested through a person of special susceptibility, called a medium; spiritism; the doctrines and practices of spiritualists.

Spiritualist(n.) One who believes in direct intercourse with departed spirits, through the agency of persons commonly called mediums, by means of physical phenomena; one who attempts to maintain such intercourse; a spiritist.

Spirograph(n.) An instrument for recording the respiratory movements, as the sphygmograph does those of the pulse.

Spirula(n.) A genus of cephalopods having a multilocular, internal, siphunculated shell in the form of a flat spiral, the coils of which are not in contact.

Stibnite(n.) A mineral of a lead-gray color and brilliant metallic luster, occurring in prismatic crystals; sulphide of antimony; -- called also antimony glance, and gray antimony.

Stigma(v. t.) One of the apertures of the gill of an ascidian, and of Amphioxus.

Stilbene(n.) A hydrocarbon, C14H12, produced artificially in large, fine crystals; -- called also diphenyl ethylene, toluylene, etc.

Still(adv.) Not disturbed by noise or agitation; quiet; calm; as, a still evening; a still atmosphere.

Stint(n.) A phalarope.

Stitch(v. t.) To sew, or unite together by stitches; as, to stitch printed sheets in making a book or a pamphlet.

Thialdine(n.) A weak nitrogenous sulphur base, C6H13NS2.

Thialol(n.) A colorless oily liquid, (C2H5)2S2, having a strong garlic odor; -- called also ethyl disulphide. By extension, any one of the series of related compounds.

Thickhead(n.) Any one of several species of Australian singing birds of the genus Pachycephala. The males of some of the species are bright-colored. Some of the species are popularly called thrushes.

Thick wind() A defect of respiration in a horse, that is unassociated with noise in breathing or with the signs of emphysema.

Thienone(n.) A ketone derivative of thiophene obtained as a white crystal

Thienyl(n.) The hypothetical radical C4H3S, regarded as the essential residue of thiophene and certain of its derivatives.

Thio-() A combining form (also used adjectively) denoting the presence of sulphur. See Sulpho-.

Thiocarbonate(n.) A sulphocarbonate.

Thiocarbonic(a.) Same as Sulphocarbonic.

Thiocyanate(n.) Same as Sulphocyanate.

Thiocyanic(a.) Same as Sulphocyanic.

Thionaphthene(n.) A double benzene and thiophene nucleus, C8H6S, analogous to naphthalene, and like it the base of a large series of derivatives.

Thionic(a.) Of or pertaining to sulphur; containing or resembling sulphur; specifically, designating certain of the thio compounds; as, the thionic acids. Cf. Dithionic, Trithionic, Tetrathionic, etc.

Thionine(n.) An artificial red or violet dyestuff consisting of a complex sulphur derivative of certain aromatic diamines, and obtained as a dark crystal.

Thionol(n.) A red or violet dyestuff having a greenish metallic luster. It is produced artificially, by the chemical dehydration of thionine, as a brown amorphous powder.

Thionyl(n.) The hypothetical radical SO, regarded as an essential constituent of certain sulphurous compounds; as, thionyl chloride.

Thiophene(n.) A sulphur hydrocarbon, C4H4S, analogous to furfuran and benzene, and acting as the base of a large number of substances which closely resemble the corresponding aromatic derivatives.

Thiophenic(a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, thiophene; specifically, designating a certain acid analogous to benzoic acid.

Thiophenol(n.) A colorless mobile liquid, C6H5.SH, of an offensive odor, and analogous to phenol; -- called also phenyl sulphydrate.

Thiophthene(n.) A double thiophene nucleus, C6H4S2, analogous to thionaphthene, and the base of a large series of compounds.

Thiosulphate(n.) A salt of thiosulphuric acid; -- formerly called hyposulphite.

Thiosulphuric(a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an unstable acid, H2S2O3, analogous to sulphuric acid, and formerly called hyposulphurous acid.

Thiotolene(n.) A colorless oily liquid, C4H3S.CH3, analogous to, and resembling, toluene; -- called also methyl thiophene.

Thioxene(n.) Any one of three possible metameric substances, which are dimethyl derivatives of thiophene, like the xylenes from benzene.

Thirst(n.) A sensation of dryness in the throat associated with a craving for liquids, produced by deprivation of drink, or by some other cause (as fear, excitement, etc.) which arrests the secretion of the pharyngeal mucous membrane; hence, the condition producing this sensation.

Tri-() A prefix (also used adjectively) denoting three proportional or combining part, or the third degree of that to the name of which it is prefixed; as in trisulphide, trioxide, trichloride.

Triadelphous(a.) Having stamens joined by filaments into three bundles. See Illust. under Adelphous.

Triatic(a.) A term used in the phrase triatic stay. See under Stay.

Trica(n.) An apothecium in certain lichens, having a spherical surface marked with spiral or concentric ridges and furrows.

Trice(n.) A very short time; an instant; a moment; -- now used only in the phrase in a trice.

Trichinosis(n.) The disease produced by the presence of trichinae in the muscles and intestinal track. It is marked by fever, muscular pains, and symptoms resembling those of typhoid fever, and is frequently fatal.

Trichophore(n.) The special cell in red algae which produces or bears a trichogyne. See Illust. of Trichogyne.

Trichophore(n.) One of the saclike organs from which the setae of annelids arise.

Trichromatic(a.) Having or existing in three different phases of color; having three distinct color varieties; -- said of certain birds and insects.

Trichromatism(n.) The quality, state, or phenomenon of being trichromatic.

Tricrotism(n.) That condition of the arterial pulse in which there is a triple beat. The pulse curve obtained in the sphygmographic tracing characteristic of tricrotism shows two secondary crests in addition to the primary.

Trigamous(a.) Having three sorts of flowers in the same head, -- male, female, and hermaphrodite, or perfect, flowers.

Triglyph(n.) An ornament in the frieze of the Doric order, repeated at equal intervals. Each triglyph consists of a rectangular tablet, slightly projecting, and divided nearly to the top by two parallel and perpendicular gutters, or channels, called glyphs, into three parts, or spaces, called femora. A half channel, or glyph, is also cut upon each of the perpendicular edges of the tablet. See Illust. of Entablature.

Triglyphic(a.) Alt. of Triglyphical

Triglyphical(a.) Consisting of, or pertaining to, triglyphs.

Triglyphical(a.) Containing three sets of characters or sculptures.

Trigram(n.) Same as Trigraph.

Trigraph(n.) Three letters united in pronunciation so as to have but one sound, or to form but one syllable, as -ieu in adieu; a triphthong.

Trillion(n.) According to the French notation, which is used upon the Continent generally and in the United States, the number expressed by a unit with twelve ciphers annexed; a million millions; according to the English notation, the number produced by involving a million to the third power, or the number represented by a unit with eighteen ciphers annexed. See the Note under Numeration.

Trimorph(n.) A substance which crystallizes in three distinct forms, or which has three distinct physical states; also, any one of these distinct forms. See Trimorphism, 1.

Trimorphic(a.) Alt. of Trimorphous

Trimorphous(a.) Of, pertaining to, or characterized by, trimorphism; -- contrasted with monomorphic, dimorphic, and polymorphic.

Trimorphism(n.) The property of crystallizing in three forms fundamentally distinct, as is the case with titanium dioxide, which crystallizes in the forms of rutile, octahedrite, and brookite. See Pleomorphism.

Trimorphism(n.) The coexistence among individuals of the same species of three distinct forms, not connected, as a rule, by intermediate gradations; the condition among individuals of the same species of having three different shapes or proportions of corresponding parts; -- contrasted with polymorphism, and dimorphism.

Trinitrophenol(n.) Picric acid.

Trio(n.) The secondary, or episodical, movement of a minuet or scherzo, as in a sonata or symphony, or of a march, or of various dance forms; -- not limited to three parts or instruments.

Trioxide(n.) An oxide containing three atoms of oxygen; as, sulphur trioxide, SO3; -- formerly called tritoxide.

Triphane(n.) Spodumene.

Triphthong(n.) A combination of three vowel sounds in a single syllable, forming a simple or compound sound; also, a union of three vowel characters, representing together a single sound; a trigraph; as, eye, -ieu in adieu, -eau in beau, are examples of triphthongs.

Triphthongal(a.) Of or pertaining to a triphthong; consisting of three vowel sounds pronounced together in a single syllable.

Triphylite(n.) A mineral of a grayish-green or bluish color, consisting of the phosphates of iron, manganese, and lithia.

Triphyllous(a.) Having three leaves; three-leaved.

Triplite(n.) A mineral of a dark brown color, generally with a fibrous, massive structure. It is a fluophosphate of iron and manganese.

Triploidite(n.) A manganese phosphate near triplite, but containing hydroxyl instead of fluorine.

Tripodian(n.) An ancient stringed instrument; -- so called because, in form, it resembled the Delphic tripod.

Trisulphide(n.) A sulphide containing three atoms of sulphur.

Triticin(n.) A carbohydrate isomeric with dextrin, obtained from quitch grass (Agropyrum, formerly Triticum, repens) as a white amorphous substance.

Triton(n.) A fabled sea demigod, the son of Neptune and Amphitrite, and the trumpeter of Neptune. He is represented by poets and painters as having the upper part of his body like that of a man, and the lower part like that of a fish. He often has a trumpet made of a shell.

Triumph(n.) A magnificent and imposing ceremonial performed in honor of a general who had gained a decisive victory over a foreign enemy.

Triumph(n.) Hence, any triumphal procession; a pompous exhibition; a stately show or pageant.

Triumph(n.) A state of joy or exultation for success.

Triumph(n.) Success causing exultation; victory; conquest; as, the triumph of knowledge.

Triumph(n.) A trump card; also, an old game at cards.

Triumphed(imp. & p. p.) of Triumph

Triumphing(p. pr. & vb. n.) of Triumph

Triumph(n.) To celebrate victory with pomp; to rejoice over success; to exult in an advantage gained; to exhibit exultation.

Triumph(n.) To obtain victory; to be successful; to prevail.

Triumph(n.) To be prosperous; to flourish.

Triumph(n.) To play a trump card.

Triumph(v. t.) To obtain a victory over; to prevail over; to conquer. Also, to cause to triumph.

Triumphal(a.) Of or pertaining to triumph; used in a triumph; indicating, or in honor of, a triumph or victory; as, a triumphal crown; a triumphal arch.

Triumphal(n.) A token of victory.

Triumplant(v. i.) Rejoicing for victory; triumphing; exultant.

Triumplant(v. i.) Celebrating victory; expressive of joy for success; as, a triumphant song or ode.

Triumplant(v. i.) Of or pertaining to triumph; triumphal.

Triumphantly(adv.) In a triumphant manner.

Triumpher(n.) One who was honored with a triumph; a victor.

Triumpher(n.) One who triumphs or rejoices for victory.

Triumphing(a.) Having or celebrating a triumph; victorious; triumphant.

Twilight(n.) The light perceived before the rising, and after the setting, of the sun, or when the sun is less than 18? below the horizon, occasioned by the illumination of the earth's atmosphere by the direct rays of the sun and their reflection on the earth.

Unifier(n.) One who, or that which, unifies; as, a natural law is a unifier of phenomena.

Uniformism(n.) The doctrine of uniformity in the geological history of the earth; -- in part equivalent to uniformitarianism, but also used, more broadly, as opposed to catastrophism.

Uniphonous(a.) Having but one sound, as the drum.

Unisexual(a.) Having one sex only, as plants which have the male and female flowers on separate individuals, or animals in which the sexes are in separate individuals; di/cious; -- distinguished from bisexual, or hermaphrodite. See Di/cious.

Universe(n.) All created things viewed as constituting one system or whole; the whole body of things, or of phenomena; the / / of the Greeks, the mundus of the Latins; the world; creation.

Vain(n.) Vanity; emptiness; -- now used only in the phrase in vain.

Veil(n.) Something hung up, or spread out, to intercept the view, and hide an object; a cover; a curtain; esp., a screen, usually of gauze, crape, or similar diaphnous material, to hide or protect the face.

Weigh(n.) A corruption of Way, used only in the phrase under weigh.

Whimbrel(n.) Any one of several species of small curlews, especially the European species (Numenius phaeopus), called also Jack curlew, half curlew, stone curlew, and tang whaup. See Illustration in Appendix.

Whipworm(n.) A nematode worm (Trichocephalus dispar) often found parasitic in the human intestine. Its body is thickened posteriorly, but is very long and threadlike anteriorly.

Whit(n.) The smallest part or particle imaginable; a bit; a jot; an iota; -- generally used in an adverbial phrase in a negative sentence.

Whither(adv.) To what point, degree, end, conclusion, or design; whereunto; whereto; -- used in a sense not physical.

Whitlow(a.) An inflammation of the fingers or toes, generally of the last phalanx, terminating usually in suppuration. The inflammation may occupy any seat between the skin and the bone, but is usually applied to a felon or inflammation of the periosteal structures of the bone.

Whitworth gun() A form of rifled cannon and small arms invented by Sir Joseph Whitworth, of Manchester, England.

Writing(n.) Any written composition; a pamphlet; a work; a literary production; a book; as, the writings of Addison.

Writing(n.) Handwriting; chirography.

Zein(n.) A nitrogenous substance of the nature of gluten, obtained from the seeds of Indian corn (Zea) as a soft, yellowish, amorphous substance.

About the author

Mark McCracken

Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".

Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken , All Rights Reserved.