Words whose third letter is L

Able-bodied(a.) Having a sound, strong body; physically competent; robust.

Ail(v. t.) To affect with pain or uneasiness, either physical or mental; to trouble; to be the matter with; -- used to express some uneasiness or affection, whose cause is unknown; as, what ails the man? I know not what ails him.

Alleviate(v. t.) To lighten or lessen (physical or mental troubles); to mitigate, or make easier to be endured; as, to alleviate sorrow, pain, care, etc. ; -- opposed to aggravate.

All hail(interj.) All health; -- a phrase of salutation or welcome.

Allograph(n.) A writing or signature made by some person other than any of the parties thereto; -- opposed to autograph.

Allomorph(n.) Any one of two or more distinct crystal.

Allomorph(n.) A variety of pseudomorph which has undergone partial or complete change or substitution of material; -- thus limonite is frequently an allomorph after pyrite.

Allomorphic(a.) Of or pertaining to allomorphism.

Allomorphism(n.) The property which constitutes an allomorph; the change involved in becoming an allomorph.

Allophylic(a.) Alt. of Allophylian

Allophylian(a.) Pertaining to a race or a language neither Aryan nor Semitic.

Allotriophagy(n.) A depraved appetite; a desire for improper food.

Allotropy(n.) The property of existing in two or more conditions which are distinct in their physical or chemical relations.

Allotropize(v. t.) To change in physical properties but not in substance.

Aplacophora(n. pl.) A division of Amphineura in which the body is naked or covered with slender spines or setae, but is without shelly plates.

Aplanatic(a.) Having two or more parts of different curvatures, so combined as to remove spherical aberration; -- said of a lens.

Aplanatism(n.) Freedom from spherical aberration.

Atlantal(a.) Anterior; cephalic.

Atlantic(a.) Of or pertaining to Mt. Atlas in Libya, and hence applied to the ocean which lies between Europe and Africa on the east and America on the west; as, the Atlantic Ocean (called also the Atlantic); the Atlantic basin; the Atlantic telegraph.

Auld lang syne() A Scottish phrase used in recalling recollections of times long since past.

Balaam(n.) A paragraph describing something wonderful, used to fill out a newspaper column; -- an allusion to the miracle of Balaam's ass speaking.

Bald eagle() The white-headed eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) of America. The young, until several years old, lack the white feathers on the head.

Ball(n.) Any round or roundish body or mass; a sphere or globe; as, a ball of twine; a ball of snow.

Ball(n.) A spherical body of any substance or size used to play with, as by throwing, knocking, kicking, etc.

Ball(n.) Any solid spherical, cylindrical, or conical projectile of lead or iron, to be discharged from a firearm; as, a cannon ball; a rifle ball; -- often used collectively; as, powder and ball. Spherical balls for the smaller firearms are commonly called bullets.

Balloon(n.) A bag made of silk or other light material, and filled with hydrogen gas or heated air, so as to rise and float in the atmosphere; especially, one with a car attached for aerial navigation.

Balloon(n.) A round vessel, usually with a short neck, to hold or receive whatever is distilled; a glass vessel of a spherical form.

Balloon fish() A fish of the genus Diodon or the genus Tetraodon, having the power of distending its body by taking air or water into its dilatable esophagus. See Globefish, and Bur fish.

Balneography(n.) A description of baths.

Belemnite(n.) A conical calcareous fossil, tapering to a point at the lower extremity, with a conical cavity at the other end, where it is ordinarily broken; but when perfect it contains a small chambered cone, called the phragmocone, prolonged, on one side, into a delicate concave blade; the thunderstone. It is the internal shell of a cephalopod related to the sepia, and belonging to an extinct family. The belemnites are found in rocks of the Jurassic and Cretaceous ages.

Bell(n.) A hollow perforated sphere of metal containing a loose ball which causes it to sound when moved.

Bellbird(n.) The Myzantha melanophrys of Australia.

Bellerophon(n.) A genus of fossil univalve shells, believed to belong to the Heteropoda, peculiar to the Paleozoic age.

Beluga(n.) A cetacean allied to the dolphins.

Bilin(n.) A name applied to the amorphous or crystal.

Bolstered(a.) Supported; upheld.

Bulb(n.) A spheroidal body growing from a plant either above or below the ground (usually below), which is strictly a bud, consisting of a cluster of partially developed leaves, and producing, as it grows, a stem above, and roots below, as in the onion, tulip, etc. It differs from a corm in not being solid.

Bulb(n.) An expansion or protuberance on a stem or tube, as the bulb of a thermometer, which may be of any form, as spherical, cylindrical, curved, etc.

Bull(n.) The male of any species of cattle (Bovidae); hence, the male of any large quadruped, as the elephant; also, the male of the whale.

Bullcomber(n.) A scaraboid beetle; esp. the Typhaeus vulgaris of Europe.

Bully tree() The name of several West Indian trees of the order Sapotaceae, as Dipholis nigra and species of Sapota and Mimusops. Most of them yield a substance closely resembling gutta-percha.

Calabarine(n.) An alkaloid resembling physostigmine and occurring with it in the calabar bean.

Calamary(n.) A cephalopod, belonging to the genus Loligo and related genera. There are many species. They have a sack of inklike fluid which they discharge from the siphon tube, when pursued or alarmed, in order to confuse their enemies. Their shell is a thin horny plate, within the flesh of the back, shaped very much like a quill pen. In America they are called squids. See Squid.

Calamite(n.) A fossil plant of the coal formation, having the general form of plants of the modern Equiseta (the Horsetail or Scouring Rush family) but sometimes attaining the height of trees, and having the stem more or less woody within. See Acrogen, and Asterophyllite.

Calcographer(n.) One who practices calcography.

Calcographic(a.) Alt. of Calcographical

Calcographical(a.) Relating to, or in the style of, calcography.

Calcography(n.) The art of drawing with chalk.

Caledonite(n.) A hydrous sulphate of copper and lead, found in some parts of Caledonia or Scotland.

Calefactory(n.) A hollow sphere of metal, filled with hot water, or a chafing dish, placed on the altar in cold weather for the priest to warm his hands with.

Calendographer(n.) One who makes calendars.

Calf(n.) The young of the cow, or of the Bovine family of quadrupeds. Also, the young of some other mammals, as of the elephant, rhinoceros, hippopotamus, and whale.

Califate(n.) Same as Caliph, Caliphate, etc.

Caligraphic(a.) See Calligraphic.

Caligraphy(n.) See Caligraphy.

Caliph(n.) Successor or vicar; -- a title of the successors of Mohammed both as temporal and spiritual rulers, now used by the sultans of Turkey.

Caliphate(n.) The office, dignity, or government of a caliph or of the caliphs.

Calistheneum(n.) A gymnasium; esp. one for light physical exercise by women and children.

Calligrapher(n.) One skilled in calligraphy; a good penman.

Calligraphic(a.) Alt. of Calligraphical

Calligraphical(a.) Of or pertaining to calligraphy.

Calligraphist(n.) A calligrapher

Calligraphy(n.) Fair or elegant penmanship.

Calliope(n.) The Muse that presides over eloquence and heroic poetry; mother of Orpheus, and chief of the nine Muses.

Callosum(n.) The great band commissural fibers which unites the two cerebral hemispheres. See corpus callosum, under Carpus.

Caloric(n.) The principle of heat, or the agent to which the phenomena of heat and combustion were formerly ascribed; -- not now used in scientific nomenclature, but sometimes used as a general term for heat.

Calotype(n.) A method of taking photographic pictures, on paper sensitized with iodide of silver; -- also called Talbotype, from the inventor, Mr. Fox. Talbot.

Caltrap(n.) A genus of herbaceous plants (Tribulus) of the order Zygophylleae, having a hard several-celled fruit, armed with stout spines, and resembling the military instrument of the same name. The species grow in warm countries, and are often very annoying to cattle.

Calycozoa(n. pl.) A group of acalephs of which Lucernaria is the type. The body is cup-shaped with eight marginal lobes bearing clavate tentacles. An aboral sucker serves for attachment. The interior is divided into four large compartments. See Lucernarida.

Celestite(n.) Native strontium sulphate, a mineral so named from its occasional delicate blue color. It occurs crystallized, also in compact massive and fibrous forms.

Celidography(n.) A description of apparent spots on the disk of the sun, or on planets.

Celluloid(n.) A substance composed essentially of gun cotton and camphor, and when pure resembling ivory in texture and color, but variously colored to imitate coral, tortoise shell, amber, malachite, etc. It is used in the manufacture of jewelry and many small articles, as combs, brushes, collars, and cuffs; -- originally called xylonite.

Cellulose(n.) The substance which constitutes the essential part of the solid framework of plants, of ordinary wood

Chlamyphore(n.) A small South American edentate (Chlamyphorus truncatus, and C. retusus) allied to the armadillo. It is covered with a leathery shell or coat of mail, like a cloak, attached along the spine.

Chloridate(v. t.) To treat or prepare with a chloride, as a plate with chloride of silver, for the purposes of photography.

Chlorophane(n.) A variety of fluor spar, which, when heated, gives a beautiful emerald green light.

Chlorophane(n.) The yellowish green pigment in the inner segment of the cones of the retina. See Chromophane.

Chlorophyll(n.) Literally, leaf green; a green granular matter formed in the cells of the leaves (and other parts exposed to light) of plants, to which they owe their green color, and through which all ordinary assimilation of plant food takes place. Similar chlorophyll granules have been found in the tissues of the lower animals.

Chloroplastid(n.) A granule of chlorophyll; -- also called chloroleucite.

Cilia(n. pl.) Small, vibratory, swimming organs, somewhat resembling true cilia, as those of Ctenophora.

Colchicine(n.) A powerful vegetable alkaloid, C17H19NO5, extracted from the Colchicum autumnale, or meadow saffron, as a white or yellowish amorphous powder, with a harsh, bitter taste; -- called also colchicia.

Coleridgian(a.) Pertaining to Samuel Taylor Coleridge, or to his poetry or metaphysics.

Coliseum(n.) The amphitheater of Vespasian at Rome, the largest in the world.

Collar(n.) A ringlike part of a mollusk in connection with esophagus.

Collidine(n.) One of a class of organic bases, C8H11N, usually pungent oily liquids, belonging to the pyridine series, and obtained from bone oil, coal tar, naphtha, and certain alkaloids.

Collie(n.) The Scotch shepherd dog. There are two breeds, the rough-haired and smooth-haired. It is remarkable for its intelligence, displayed especially in caring for flocks.

Collodion(n.) A solution of pyroxylin (soluble gun cotton) in ether containing a varying proportion of alcohol. It is strongly adhesive, and is used by surgeons as a coating for wounds; but its chief application is as a vehicle for the sensitive film in photography.

Collophore(n.) A suckerlike organ at the base of the abdomen of insects belonging to the Collembola.

Collophore(n.) An adhesive marginal organ of the Lucernariae.

Colloquial(a.) Pertaining to, or used in, conversation, esp. common and familiar conversation; conversational; hence, unstudied; informal; as, colloquial intercourse; colloquial phrases; a colloquial style.

Colophany(n.) See Colophony.

Colophene(n.) A colorless, oily liquid, formerly obtained by distillation of colophony. It is regarded as a polymeric form of terebenthene. Called also diterebene.

Colophon(n.) An inscription, monogram, or cipher, containing the place and date of publication, printer's name, etc., formerly placed on the last page of a book.

Colophonite(n.) A coarsely granular variety of garnet.

Colophony(n.) Rosin.

Colorado beetle() A yellowish beetle

Colosseum(n.) The amphitheater of Vespasian in Rome.

Cultivation(n.) The state of being cultivated; advancement in physical, intellectual, or moral condition; refinement; culture.

Culture(n.) The state of being cultivated; result of cultivation; physical improvement

Deliquescent(a.) Dissolving; liquefying by contact with the air; capable of attracting moisture from the atmosphere and becoming liquid; as, deliquescent salts.

Deliverance(n.) Any fact or truth which is decisively attested or intuitively known as a psychological or philosophical datum; as, the deliverance of consciousness.

Delph(n.) Delftware.

Delph(n.) The drain on the land side of a sea embankment.

Delphian(a.) Delphic.

Delphic(a.) Of or relating to Delphi, or to the famous oracle of that place.

Delphic(a.) Ambiguous; mysterious.

Delphin(a.) Alt. of Delphine

Delphine(a.) Pertaining to the dauphin of France; as, the Delphin classics, an edition of the Latin classics, prepared in the reign of Louis XIV., for the use of the dauphin (in usum Delphini).

Delphin(n.) A fatty substance contained in the oil of the dolphin and the porpoise; -- called also phocenin.

Delphine(a.) Pertaining to the dolphin, a genus of fishes.

Delphinic(n.) Pertaining to, or derived from, the dolphin; phocenic.

Delphinic(a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, the larkspur; specifically, relating to the stavesacre (Delphinium staphisagria).

Delphinine(n.) A poisonous alkaloid extracted from the stavesacre (Delphinium staphisagria), as a colorless amorphous powder.

Delphinoid(a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the dolphin.

Delphinoidea(n. pl.) The division of Cetacea which comprises the dolphins, porpoises, and related forms.

Delphinus(n.) A genus of Cetacea, including the dolphin. See Dolphin, 1.

Delphinus(n.) The Dolphin, a constellation near the equator and east of Aquila.

Diluvialist(n.) One who explains geological phenomena by the Noachian deluge.

Dolichocephalic(a.) Alt. of Dolichocephalous

Dolichocephalous(a.) Having the cranium, or skull, long to its breadth; long-headed; -- opposed to brachycephalic.

Dolichocephaly(n.) Alt. of Dolichocephalism

Dolichocephalism(n.) The quality or condition of being dolichocephalic.

Dolphin(n.) A cetacean of the genus Delphinus and allied genera (esp. D. delphis); the true dolphin.

Dolphin(n.) The Coryphaena hippuris, a fish of about five feet in length, celebrated for its surprising changes of color when dying. It is the fish commonly known as the dolphin. See Coryphaenoid.

Dolphin(n.) A mass of iron or lead hung from the yardarm, in readiness to be dropped on the deck of an enemy's vessel.

Dolphin(n.) A kind of wreath or strap of plaited cordage.

Dolphin(n.) A spar or buoy held by an anchor and furnished with a ring to which ships may fasten their cables.

Dolphin(n.) A mooring post on a wharf or beach.

Dolphin(n.) A permanent fender around a heavy boat just below the gunwale.

Dolphin(n.) In old ordnance, one of the handles above the trunnions by which the gun was lifted.

Dolphin(n.) A small constellation between Aquila and Pegasus. See Delphinus, n., 2.

Dolphinet(n.) A female dolphin.

Dulcamarin(n.) A glucoside extracted from the bittersweet (Solanum Dulcamara), as a yellow amorphous substance. It probably occasions the compound taste. See Bittersweet, 3(a).

Dulse(n.) A seaweed of a reddish brown color, which is sometimes eaten, as in Scotland. The true dulse is Sarcophyllis edulis; the common is Rhodymenia. [Written also dillisk.]

Eclectic(a.) Selecting; choosing (what is true or excellent in doctrines, opinions, etc.) from various sources or systems; as, an eclectic philosopher.

Ecliptic(a.) A great circle of the celestial sphere, making an angle with the equinoctial of about 23? 28'. It is the apparent path of the sun, or the real path of the earth as seen from the sun.

Eclogue(n.) A pastoral poem, in which shepherds are introduced conversing with each other; a bucolic; an idyl; as, the Ecloques of Virgil, from which the modern usage of the word has been established.

Ehlite(n.) A mineral of a green color and pearly luster; a hydrous phosphate of copper.

Ellipsograph(n.) An instrument for describing ellipses; -- called also trammel.

Elliptical(a.) Having a part omitted; as, an elliptical phrase.

Ellipticity(n.) Deviation of an ellipse or a spheroid from the form of a circle or a sphere; especially, in reference to the figure of the earth, the difference between the equatorial and polar semidiameters, divided by the equatorial; thus, the ellipticity of the earth is /.

Elliptograph(n.) Same as Ellipsograph.

salt() Sulphate of magnesia having cathartic qualities; -- originally prepared by boiling down the mineral waters at Epsom, England, -- whence the name; afterwards prepared from sea water; but now from certain minerals, as from siliceous hydrate of magnesia.

Fallacy(n.) An argument, or apparent argument, which professes to be decisive of the matter at issue, while in reality it is not; a sophism.

Foliated(a.) Characterized by being separable into thin plates or folia; as, graphite has a foliated structure.

Follicle(n.) A small mass of adenoid tissue; as, a lymphatic follicle.

Follicular(a.) Affecting the follicles; as, follicular pharyngitis.

Fulfill(v. t.) To accomplish or carry into effect, as an intention, promise, or prophecy, a desire, prayer, or requirement, etc.; to complete by performance; to answer the requisitions of; to bring to pass, as a purpose or design; to effectuate.

Fulfillment(n.) The act of fulfilling; accomplishment; completion; as, the fulfillment of prophecy.

Galactin(n.) An amorphous, gelatinous substance containing nitrogen, found in milk and other animal fluids. It resembles peptone, and is variously regarded as a coagulating or emulsifying agent.

Galactin(n.) An amorphous, gummy carbohydrate resembling gelose, found in the seeds of leguminous plants, and yielding on decomposition several sugars, including galactose.

Galactophagist(n.) One who eats, or subsists on, milk.

Galactophagous(a.) Feeding on milk.

Galactophorous(a.) Milk-carrying; lactiferous; -- applied to the ducts of mammary glands.

Galapee tree() The West Indian Sciadophyllum Brownei, a tree with very large digitate leaves.

Galena(n.) Lead sulphide; the principal ore of lead. It is of a bluish gray color and metallic luster, and is cubic in crystallization and cleavage.

Gall(n.) An excrescence of any form produced on any part of a plant by insects or their larvae. They are most commonly caused by small Hymenoptera and Diptera which puncture the bark and lay their eggs in the wounds. The larvae live within the galls. Some galls are due to aphids, mites, etc. See Gallnut.

Gallein(n.) A red crystal.

Gallinaceous(a.) Resembling the domestic fowls and pheasants; of or pertaining to the Gallinae.

Gallinae(n.) An order of birds, including the common domestic fowls, pheasants, grouse, quails, and allied forms; -- sometimes called Rasores.

Gallinule(n.) One of several wading birds, having long, webless toes, and a frontal shield, belonging to the family Rallidae. They are remarkable for running rapidly over marshes and on floating plants. The purple gallinule of America is Ionornis Martinica, that of the Old World is Porphyrio porphyrio. The common European gallinule (Gallinula chloropus) is also called moor hen, water hen, water rail, moor coot, night bird, and erroneously dabchick.

Galvanic(a.) Of or pertaining to, or exhibiting the phenomena of, galvanism; employing or producing electrical currents.

Galvanism(n.) The branch of physical science which treats of dynamical elecricity, or the properties and effects of electrical currents.

Galvanoglyphy(n.) Same as Glyphography.

Galvanograph(n.) A copperplate produced by the method of galvanography; also, a picture printed from such a plate.

Galvanographic(a.) Of or pertaining to galvanography.

Galvanography(n.) The art or process of depositing metals by electricity; electrotypy.

Galvanography(n.) A method of producing by means of electrotyping process (without etching) copperplates which can be printed from in the same manner as engraved plates.

Galvanologist(n.) One who describes the phenomena of galvanism; a writer on galvanism.

Galvanology(n.) A treatise on galvanism, or a description of its phenomena.

Galvanoscopy(n.) The use of galvanism in physiological experiments.

Gelose(n.) An amorphous, gummy carbohydrate, found in Gelidium, agar-agar, and other seaweeds.

Gillyflower(n.) A name given by old writers to the clove pink (Dianthus Caryophyllus) but now to the common stock (Matthiola incana), a cruciferous plant with showy and fragrant blossoms, usually purplish, but often pink or white.

Gilthead(n.) The Pagrus, / Chrysophrys, auratus, a valuable food fish common in the Mediterranean (so named from its golden-colored head); -- called also giltpoll.

Gullet(n.) The tube by which food and drink are carried from the pharynx to the stomach; the esophagus.

Gulph(n.) See Gulf.

Halation(n.) An appearance as of a halo of light, surrounding the edges of dark objects in a photographic picture.

Halfbeak(n.) Any slender, marine fish of the genus Hemirhamphus, having the upper jaw much shorter than the lower; -- called also balahoo.

Haliographer(n.) One who writes about or describes the sea.

Haliography(n.) Description of the sea; the science that treats of the sea.

Hall-mark(n.) The official stamp of the Goldsmiths' Company and other assay offices, in the United Kingdom, on gold and silver articles, attesting their purity. Also used figuratively; -- as, a word or phrase lacks the hall-mark of the best writers.

Halloysite(n.) A claylike mineral, occurring in soft, smooth, amorphous masses, of a whitish color.

Halo(n.) A luminous circle, usually prismatically colored, round the sun or moon, and supposed to be caused by the refraction of light through crystals of ice in the atmosphere. Connected with halos there are often white bands, crosses, or arches, resulting from the same atmospheric conditions.

Halophyte(n.) A plant found growing in salt marshes, or in the sea.

Haloscope(n.) An instrument for exhibition or illustration of the phenomena of halos, parhelia, and the like.

Helicograph(n.) An instrument for drawing

Heliochrome(n.) A photograph in colors.

Heliochromy(n.) The art of producing photographs in color.

Heliograph(n.) A picture taken by heliography; a photograph.

Heliograph(n.) An instrument for taking photographs of the sun.

Heliograph(n.) An apparatus for telegraphing by means of the sun's rays. See Heliotrope, 3.

Heliographic(a.) Of or pertaining to heliography or a heliograph; made by heliography.

Heliography(n.) Photography.

Heliogravure(n.) The process of photographic engraving.

Heliotropism(n.) The phenomenon of turning toward the light, seen in many leaves and flowers.

Heliotypy(n.) A method of transferring pictures from photographic negatives to hardened gelatin plates from which impressions are produced on paper as by lithography.

Helispheric(a.) Alt. of Helispherical

Helispherical(a.) Spiral.

Helium(n.) A gaseous element found in the atmospheres of the sun and earth and in some rare minerals.

Hellenism(n.) A phrase or form of speech in accordance with genius and construction or idioms of the Greek language; a Grecism.

Helvite(n.) A mineral of a yellowish color, consisting chiefly of silica, glucina, manganese, and iron, with a little sulphur.

Hollow(a.) Having an empty space or cavity, natural or artificial, within a solid substance; not solid; excavated in the interior; as, a hollow tree; a hollow sphere.

Holmos(n.) A closed vessel of nearly spherical form on a high stem or pedestal.

Holocephali(n. pl.) An order of elasmobranch fishes, including, among living species, only the chimaeras; -- called also Holocephala. See Chimaera; also Illustration in Appendix.

Holocryptic(a.) Wholly or completely concealing; incapable of being deciphered.

Holograph(n.) A document, as a letter, deed, or will, wholly in the handwriting of the person from whom it proceeds and whose act it purports to be.

Holographic(a.) Of the nature of a holograph; pertaining to holographs.

Holometabola(n. pl.) Those insects which have a complete metamorphosis; metabola.

Holometabolic(a.) Having a complete metamorphosis;-said of certain insects, as the butterflies and bees.

Holophanerous(a.) Same as Holometabolic.

Holophotal(a.) Causing no loss of light; -- applied to reflectors which throw back the rays of light without perceptible loss.

Holophote(n.) A lamp with lenses or reflectors to collect the rays of light and throw them in a given direction; -- used in lighthouses.

Holophrastic(a.) Expressing a phrase or sentence in a single word, -- as is the case in the aboriginal languages of America.

Holophytic(a.) Wholly or distinctively vegetable.

Holosteric(a.) Wholly solid; -- said of a barometer constructed of solid materials to show the variations of atmospheric pressure without the use of liquids, as the aneroid.

Holostraca(n. pl.) A division of phyllopod Crustacea, including those that are entirely covered by a bivalve shell.

Hylicist(n.) A philosopher who treats chiefly of matter; one who adopts or teaches hylism.

Hylophagous(a.) Eating green shoots, as certain insects do.

Ill(a.) Contrary to good, in a physical sense; contrary or opposed to advantage, happiness, etc.; bad; evil; unfortunate; disagreeable; unfavorable.

Islam(n.) The religion of the Mohammedans; Mohammedanism; Islamism. Their formula of faith is: There is no God but Allah, and Mohammed is his prophet.

Jellyfish(n.) Any one of the acalephs, esp. one of the larger species, having a jellylike appearance. See Medusa.

Kaleege(n.) One of several species of large, crested, Asiatic pheasants, belonging to the genus Euplocamus, and allied to the firebacks.

Kaleidophon() Alt. of Kaleidophone

Kaleidophone() An instrument invented by Professor Wheatstone, consisting of a reflecting knob at the end of a vibrating rod or thin plate, for making visible, in the motion of a point of light reflected from the knob, the paths or curves corresponding with the musical notes produced by the vibrations.

Kalif(n.) See Caliph.

Loligo(n.) A genus of cephalopods, including numerous species of squids, common on the coasts of America and Europe. They are much used for fish bait.

Malacobdella(n.) A genus of nemertean worms, parasitic in the gill cavity of clams and other bivalves. They have a large posterior sucker, like that of a leech. See Illust. of Bdellomorpha.

Malacopoda(n. pl.) A class of air-breathing Arthropoda; -- called also Protracheata, and Onychophora.

Malebranchism(n.) The philosophical system of Malebranche, an eminent French metaphysician. The fundamental doctrine of his system is that the mind can not have knowledge of anything external to itself except in its relation to God.

Maleo(n.) A bird of Celebes (megacephalon maleo), allied to the brush turkey. It makes mounds in which to lay its eggs.

Malignant(a.) Tending to produce death; threatening a fatal issue; virulent; as, malignant diphtheria.

Mallophaga(n. pl.) An extensive group of insects which are parasitic on birds and mammals, and feed on the feathers and hair; -- called also bird lice. See Bird louse, under Bird.

Malpractice(n.) Evil practice; illegal or immoral conduct; practice contrary to established rules; specifically, the treatment of a case by a surgeon or physician in a manner which is contrary to accepted rules and productive of unfavorable results.

Melam(n.) A white or buff-colored granular powder, C6H9N11, obtained by heating ammonium sulphocyanate.

Melani Melanochroite(n.) A mineral of a red, or brownish or yellowish red color. It is a chromate of lead; -- called also phoenicocroite.

Melanterite(n.) A hydrous sulphate of iron of a green color and vitreous luster; iron vitriol.

Melaphyre(n.) Any one of several dark-colored augitic, eruptive rocks allied to basalt.

Meliphagan(a.) Belonging to the genus Meliphaga.

Meliphagan(n.) Any bird of the genus Meliphaga and allied genera; a honey eater; -- called also meliphagidan.

Meliphagous(a.) Eating, or feeding upon, honey.

Melliphagan(n.) See Meliphagan.

Melliphagous(a.) See Meliphagous.

Mellone(n.) A yellow powder, C6H3N9, obtained from certain sulphocyanates. It has acid properties and forms compounds called mellonides.

Melodeon(n.) A kind of small reed organ; -- a portable form of the seraphine.

Melodiograph(n.) A contrivance for preserving a record of music, by recording the action of the keys of a musical instrument when played upon.

Melograph(n.) Same as Melodiograph.

Mileage(n.) Aggregate length or distance in miles; esp., the sum of lengths of tracks or wires of a railroad company, telegraph company, etc.

Milk vetch() A leguminous herb (Astragalus glycyphyllos) of Europe and Asia, supposed to increase the secretion of milk in goats.

Millennium(n.) A thousand years; especially, the thousand years mentioned in the twentieth chapter in the twentieth chapter of Revelation, during which hoMillerite(n.) A sulphide of nickel, commonly occurring in delicate capillary crystals, also in incrustations of a bronze yellow; -- sometimes called hair pyrites.

Mollusca(n. pl.) One of the grand divisions of the animal kingdom, including the classes Cephalopoda, Gastropoda, PteropodaScaphopoda, and Lamellibranchiata, or Conchifera. These animals have an unsegmented bilateral body, with most of the organs and parts paired, but not repeated longitudinally. Most of them develop a mantle, which incloses either a branchial or a pulmonary cavity. They are generally more or less covered and protected by a calcareous shell

Molybdenite(n.) A mineral occurring in soft, lead-gray, foliated masses or scales, resembling graphite; sulphide of molybdenum.

Mullet(n.) Any one of numerous fishes of the genus Mugil; -- called also gray mullets. They are found on the coasts of both continents, and are highly esteemed as food. Among the most valuable species are Mugil capito of Europe, and M. cephalus which occurs both on the European and American coasts.

Multivalent(a.) Having more than one degree of valence, as sulphur.

Null(n.) That which has no value; a cipher; zero.

Nylgau(n.) A large Asiatic antelope (Boselaphus, / Portax, tragocamelus), found in Northern India. It has short horns, a black mane, and a bunch of long hair on the throat. The general color is grayish brown.

Allelomorph(n.) One of the pure unit characters commonly existing singly or in pairs in the germ cells of Mendelian hybrids, and exhibited in varying proportion among the organisms themselves. Allelomorphs which under certain circumstances are themselves compound are called hypallelomorphs. See Mendel's law.

Allotrophic(a.) Changed or modified in nutritive power by the process of digestion.

Allotrophic(a.) Dependent upon other organisms for nutrition; heterotrophic; -- said of plants unable to perform photosynthesis, as all saprophytes; -- opposed to autotrophic.

Chloroplast(n.) A plastid containing chlorophyll, developed only in cells exposed to the light. Chloroplasts are minute flattened granules, usually occurring in great numbers in the cytoplasm near the cell wall, and consist of a colorless ground substance saturated with chlorophyll pigments. Under light of varying intensity they exhibit phototactic movements. In animals chloroplasts occur only in certain low forms.

Collotype(n.) A photomechanical print made directly from a hardened film of gelatin or other colloid; also, the process of making such prints. According to one method, the film is sensitized with potassium dichromate and exposed to light under a reversed negative. After the dichromate has been washed out, the film is soaked in glycerin and water.

Columbus Day(n.) The 12th day of October, on which day in 1492 Christopher Columbus discovered America, landing on one of the Bahama Islands (probably the one now commonly called Watling Island), and naming it "San Salvador"; -- called also Discovery Day. This day is made a legal holiday in many States of The United States.

Culex(n.) A genus of mosquitoes to which most of the North American species belong. Some members of this genus are exceedingly annoying, as C. sollicitans, which breeds in enormous numbers in the salt marshes of the Atlantic coast, and C. pipiens, breeding very widely in the fresh waters of North America. (For characters distinguishing these from the malaria mosquitoes, see Anopheles, above.) The yellow-fever mosquito is now placed in another genus, Stegomyia.

Culver's physic() Alt. of Culver's root

Delta(n.) The fourth letter of the Greek alphabet (/ /), answering to D.

Delta(n.) The closed figure produced by connecting three coils or circuits successively, end for end, esp. in a three-phase system; -- often used attributively, as delta winding, delta connection (which see), etc.

Delta connection() One of the usual forms or methods for connecting apparatus to a three-phase circuit, the three corners of the delta or triangle, as diagrammatically represented, being connected to the three wires of the supply circuit.

Film(n.) The layer, usually of gelatin or collodion, containing the sensitive salts of photographic plates; also, the flexible sheet of celluloid or the like on which this layer is sometimes mounted.

Half-tone(n.) An intermediate or middle tone in a painting, engraving, photograph, etc.; a middle tint, neither very dark nor very light.

Half-tone(n.) A half-tone photo-engraving.

Half-tone(a.) pertaining to or designating plates, processes, or the pictures made by them, in which gradation of tone in the photograph is reproduced by a graduated system of dotted and checkered spots, usually nearly invisible to the unaided eye, produced by the interposition between the camera and the object of a screen. The name alludes to the fact that this process was the first that was practically successful in reproducing the half tones of the photograph.

Heliogram(n.) A message transmitted by a heliograph.

Heliograph(v. t.) To telegraph, or signal, with a heliograph.

Heliograph(v. t.) To photograph by sunlight.

Heliographic(a.) Of or pertaining to a description of the sun.

Heliography(n.) The description of the sun.

Heliography(n.) The system, art, or practice of telegraphing, or signaling, with the heliograph.

Heliography(n.) An early photographic process invented by Nicephore Niepce, and still used in photo-engraving. It consists essentially in exposing under a design or in a camera a polished metal plate coated with a preparation of asphalt, and subsequently treating the plate with a suitable solvent. The light renders insoluble those parts of the film which is strikes, and so a permanent image is formed, which can be etched upon the plate by the use of acid.

Helium(n.) An inert, monoatomic, gaseous element occurring in the atmosphere of the sun and stars, and in small quantities in the earth's atmosphere, in several minerals and in certain mineral waters. Symbol, He; at. wt., 4. Helium was first detected spectroscopically in the sun by Lockyer in 1868; it was first prepared by Ramsay in 1895. Helium has a density of 1.98 compared with hydrogen, and is more difficult to liquefy than the latter.

Malaria parasite() Any of several minute protozoans of the genus Plasmodium (syn. Haematozoon) which in their adult condition live in the tissues of mosquitoes of the genus Anopheles (which see) and when transferred to the blood of man, by the bite of the mosquito, produce malaria.

Multigraph(n.) A combined rotary type-setting and printing machine for office use. The type is transferred semi-automatically by means of keys from a type-supply drum to a printing drum. The printing may be done by means of an inked ribbon to print "typewritten" letters, or directly from inked type or a stereotype plate, as in a printing press.

Multiphase(a.) Having many phases;

Multiphase(a.) pertaining to, or designating, a generator producing, or any system conveying or utilizing, two or more waves of pressure, or electromotive force, not in phase with each other; polyphase.

Polonium(n.) A supposed new element, a radioactive substance discovered by M. and MMe. Curie in pitchblende. It is closely related chemically to bismuth. It emits only alpha rays and is perhaps identical with radium F.

Polyphase(a.) Having or producing two or more phases; multiphase; as, a polyphase machine, a machine producing two or more pressure waves of electro-motive force, differing in phase; a polyphase current.

Polyphaser(n.) A machine generating more than one pressure wave; a multiphaser.

Polyphotal(a.) Alt. of Polyphote

Polyphote(a.) Pertaining to or designating arc lamps so constructed that more than one can be used on a single circuit.

Pulmotor(n.) An apparatus for producing artificial respiration by pumping oxygen or air or a mixture of the two into and out of the lungs, as of a person who has been asphyxiated by drowning, breathing poisonous gases, or the like, or of one who has been stunned by an electrical shock.

Pylon(n.) A tower, commonly of steelwork, for supporting either end of a wire, as for a telegraph

Release(n.) In the block-signaling system, a printed card conveying information and instructions to be used at intermediate sidings without telegraphic stations.

Silencer(n.) Any of various devices to silence the humming noise of telegraph wires.

Sulphite(n.) A person who is spontaneous and original in his habits of thought and conversation.

Sylvanite(n.) A telluride of gold and silver, (Au, Ag)Te2, of a steel gray, silver white, or brass yellow. It often occurs in implanted crystals resembling written characters, and hence is called graphic tellurium. H., 1.5-2. Sp.gr., 7.9-8.3.

Telautogram(n.) A message transmitted and recorded by a teleautograph.

Telautograph(n.) A facsimile telegraph for reproducing writing, pictures, maps, etc. In the transmitter the motions of the pencil are communicated by levers to two rotary shafts, by which variations in current are produced in two separate circuits. In the receiver these variations are utilized by electromagnetic devices and levers to move a pen as the pencil moves.

Telechirograph(n.) An instrument for telegraphically transmitting and receiving handwritten messages, as photographically by a beam of light from a mirror.

Telegraphone(n.) An instrument for recording and reproducing sound by local magnetization of a steel wire, disk, or ribbon, moved against the pole of a magnet connected electrically with a telephone receiver, or the like.

Telegraphoscope(n.) An instrument for telegraphically transmitting a picture and reproducing its image as a positive or negative. The transmitter includes a camera obscura and a row of minute selenium cells. The receiver includes an oscillograph, ralay, equilibrator, and an induction coil the sparks from which perforate a paper with tiny holes that form the image.

Telegraph plant() An East Indian tick trefoil (Meibomia gyrans), whose lateral leaflets jerk up and down like the arms of a semaphore, and also rotate on their axes.

Tele-iconograph(n.) An instrument essentially the same as the telemetrograph.

Tele-iconograph(n.) A form of facsimile telegraph.

Tel-el-Amarna(n.) A station on the Nile, midway between Thebes and Memphis, forming the site of the capital of Amenophis IV., whose archive chamber was discovered there in 1887. A collection of tablets (called the Tel-el-Amarna, / the Amarna, tablets) was found here, forming the Asiatic correspondence (Tel-el-Amarna letters) of Amenophis IV. and his father, Amenophis III., written in cuneiform characters. It is an important source of our knowledge of Asia from about 1400 to 1370 b. c..

Telemeteorograph(n.) Any apparatus recording meteorological phenomena at a distance from the measuring apparatus, as by electricity or by compressed air; esp., an apparatus recording conditions at many distant stations at a central office.

Telemeter(n.) An apparatus for recording at a distant station the indications of physical instruments such as the thermometer, galvanometer, etc.

Telemetrograph(n.) A combination of the camera lucida and telescope for drawing and measuring distant objects.

Telenergy(n.) Display of force or energy at a distance, or without contact; -- applied to mediumistic phenomena.

Telephone exchange() A central office in which the wires of telephones may be connected to permit conversation.

Telephote(n.) A telelectric apparatus for producing images of visible objects at a distance.

Telephoto(a.) Telephotographic; specif., designating a lens consisting of a combination of lenses specially designed to give a large image of a distant object in a camera of relatively short focal length.

Telephotograph(n.) A photograph, image, or impression, reproduced by or taken with a telephotographic apparatus.

Telephotographic(a.) Designating, or pertaining to, the process of telephotography.

Telephotography(n.) The photography of distant objects in more enlarged form than is possible by the ordinary means, usually by a camera provided with a telephoto lens or mounted in place of the eyepiece of a telescope, so that the real or a magnified image falls on the sensitive plate.

Telephotography(n.) Art or process of electrically transmitting and reproducing photographic or other pictures at a distance by methods similar to those used in electric telegraphy.

Telephotography(n.) Less properly, phototelegraphy.

Telestereograph(n.) An instrument for telegraphically reproducing a photograph.

Telethermograph(n.) A record of fluctuations of temperature made automatically at a distant station.

Telethermograph(n.) An instrument, usually electrical, making such records.

Telharmonium(n.) An instrument for producing music (Tel*har"mo*ny [/]), at a distant point or points by means of alternating currents of electricity controlled by an operator who plays on a keyboard. The music is produced by a receiving instrument similar or analogous to the telephone, but not held to the ear. The pitch corresponds with frequency of alternation of current.

Telpher(n.) Specif., the equipment or apparatus used in a system of electric transportation by means of carriages which are suspended on an overhead conductor, as of wire.

Telpherage(n.) Specif., electric transportation of goods by means of carriages suspended on overhead conductors, as of wire, the power being conveyed to the motor carriage by the wires on which it runs. Telpherage and telpher are sometimes applied to such systems in which the motive power is not electricity.

Tillandsia(n.) An immense genus of epiphytic bromeliaceous plants confined to tropical and subtropical America. They usually bear a rosette of narrow overlapping basal leaves, which often hold a considerable quantity of water. The spicate or paniculate flowers have free perianth segments, and are often subtended by colored bracts. Also, a plant of this genus.

Voluntarism(n.) Any theory which conceives will to be the dominant factor in experience or in the constitution of the world; -- contrasted with intellectualism. Schopenhauer and Fichte are typical exponents of the two types of metaphysical voluntarism, Schopenhauer teaching that the evolution of the universe is the activity of a blind and irrational will, Fichte holding that the intelligent activity of the ego is the fundamental fact of reality.

Volunteers of America() A religious and philanthropic organization, similar to the Salvation Army, founded (1896) by Commander and Mrs. Ballington Booth.

Vulcan powder() A dynamite composed of nitroglycerin (30 parts), sodium nitrate (52.5), charcoal (10.5), and sulphur (7), used in mining and blasting.

Weltanschauung(n.) Lit., world view; a conception of the course of events in, and of the purpose of, the world as a whole, forming a philosophical view or apprehension of the universe; the general idea embodied in a cosmology.

Wollaston's doublet() A magnifying glass consisting of two plano-convex lenses. It is designed to correct spherical aberration and chromatic dispersion.

Oblate(a.) Flattened or depressed at the poles; as, the earth is an oblate spheroid.

Oblatum(n.) An oblate spheroid; a figure described by the revolution of an ellipse about its minor axis. Cf. Oblongum.

Oblige(v. t.) To constrain by physical, moral, or legal force; to put under obligation to do or forbear something.

Obliterate(v. t.) To erase or blot out; to efface; to render undecipherable, as a writing.

Oblongum(n.) A prolate spheroid; a figure described by the revolution of an ellipse about its greater axis. Cf. Oblatum, and see Ellipsoid of revolution, under Ellipsoid.

Oillet(n.) A small opening or loophole, sometimes circular, used in mediaeval fortifications.

Palaeographer(a.) Alt. of Palaeographic

Palaeographic(a.) See Paleographer, Paleographic, etc.

Paleo-() A combining form meaning old, ancient; as, palearctic, paleontology, paleothere, paleography.

Paleogaean(a.) Of or pertaining to the Eastern hemisphere.

Paleograph(n.) An ancient manuscript.

Paleographer(n.) One skilled in paleography; a paleographist.

Paleographic(a.) Alt. of Paleographical

Paleographical(a.) Of or pertaining to paleography.

Paleographist(n.) One versed in paleography; a paleographer.

Paleography(n.) An ancient manner of writing; ancient writings, collectively; as, Punic paleography.

Paleography(n.) The study of ancient inscriptions and modes of writing; the art or science of deciphering ancient writings, and determining their origin, period, etc., from external characters; diplomatics.

Paleontographical(a.) Of or pertaining to the description of fossil remains.

Paleontography(n.) The description of fossil remains.

Paleophytologist(n.) A paleobotanist.

Paleophytology(n.) Paleobotany.

Palilogy(n.) The repetition of a word, or part of a sentence, for the sake of greater emphasis; as, "The living, the living, he shall praise thee."

Palingenesy(n.) That form of evolution in which the truly ancestral characters conserved by heredity are reproduced in development; original simple descent; -- distinguished from kenogenesis. Sometimes, in zoology, the abrupt metamorphosis of insects, crustaceans, etc.

Pallet(n.) One of a pair of shelly plates that protect the siphon tubes of certain bivalves, as the Teredo. See Illust. of Teredo.

Palm(n.) Any symbol or token of superiority, success, or triumph; also, victory; triumph; supremacy.

Palmerworm(n.) In America, the larva of any one of several moths, which destroys the foliage of fruit and forest trees, esp. the larva of Ypsolophus pometellus, which sometimes appears in vast numbers.

Palm Sunday() The Sunday next before Easter; -- so called in commemoration of our Savior's triumphal entry into Jerusalem, when the multitude strewed palm branches in the way.

Paludism(n.) The morbid phenomena produced by dwelling among marshes; malarial disease or disposition.

Pelicosauria(n. pl.) A suborder of Theromorpha, including terrestrial reptiles from the Permian formation.

Phlebogram(n.) A tracing (with the sphygmograph) of the movements of a vein, or of the venous pulse.

Phlebotomist(n.) One who practiced phlebotomy.

Phlegmagogue(n.) A medicine supposed to expel phlegm.

Phlegmatic(a.) Abounding in phlegm; as, phlegmatic humors; a phlegmatic constitution.

Phlegmatic(a.) Generating or causing phlegm.

Phlegmatic(a.) Not easily excited to action or passion; cold; dull; sluggish; heavy; as, a phlegmatic person.

Phlegmatically(adv.) In a phlegmatic manner.

Phlegmonous(a.) Having the nature or properties of phlegmon; as, phlegmonous pneumonia.

Phlogistian(n.) A believer in the existence of phlogiston.

Phlogistic(a.) Of or pertaining to phlogiston, or to belief in its existence.

Phlogisticate(v. t.) To combine phlogiston with; -- usually in the form and sense of the p. p. or the adj.; as, highly phlogisticated substances.

Phlogistication(n.) The act or process of combining with phlogiston.

Phlogotic(n.) Of or pertaining to phlogisis.

Phloramine(n.) A basic amido derivative of phloroglucin, having an astringent taste.

Phloretic(a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, or designating, an organic acid obtained by the decomposition of phloretin.

Phloretin(n.) A bitter white crystal.

Phloroglucin(n.) A sweet white crystal.

Phlorol(n.) A liquid metameric with xylenol, belonging to the class of phenols, and obtained by distilling certain salts of phloretic acid.

Phlyctenular(a.) Characterized by the presence of small pustules, or whitish elevations resembling pustules; as, phlyctenular ophthalmia.

Pilcrow(n.) a paragraph mark, /.

Pilocarpine(n.) An alkaloid extracted from jaborandi (Pilocarpus pennatifolius) as a white amorphous or crystal.

Polar(a.) Of or pertaining to one of the poles of the earth, or of a sphere; situated near, or proceeding from, one of the poles; as, polar regions; polar seas; polar winds.

Polarity(n.) That quality or condition of a body in virtue of which it exhibits opposite, or contrasted, properties or powers, in opposite, or contrasted, parts or directions; or a condition giving rise to a contrast of properties corresponding to a contrast of positions, as, for example, attraction and repulsion in the opposite parts of a magnet, the dissimilar phenomena corresponding to the different sides of a polarized ray of light, etc.

Pole(n.) Either extremity of an axis of a sphere; especially, one of the extremities of the earth's axis; as, the north pole.

Pole(n.) A point upon the surface of a sphere equally distant from every part of the circumference of a great circle; or the point in which a diameter of the sphere perpendicular to the plane of such circle meets the surface. Such a point is called the pole of that circle; as, the pole of the horizon; the pole of the ecliptic; the pole of a given meridian.

Poling(n.) One of the poles or planks used in upholding the side earth in excavating a tunnel, ditch, etc.

Pollute(v. t.) To make foul, impure, or unclean; to defile; to taint; to soil; to desecrate; -- used of physical or moral defilement.

Polyadelphia(n. pl.) A Linnaean class of plants having stamens united in three or more bodies or bundles by the filaments.

Polyadelphian(a.) Alt. of Polyadelphous

Polyadelphous(a.) Belonging to the class Polyadelphia; having stamens united in three or more bundles.

Polyandria(n. pl.) A Linnaean class of monoclinous or hermaphrodite plants, having many stamens, or any number above twenty, inserted in the receptacle.

Polyautography(n.) The act or practice of multiplying copies of one's own handwriting, or of manuscripts, by printing from stone, -- a species of lithography.

Polybasic(a.) Capable of neutralizing, or of combining with, several molecules of a monacid base; having several hydrogen atoms capable of being replaced by basic radicals; -- said of certain acids; as, sulphuric acid is polybasic.

Polybasite(n.) An iron-black ore of silver, consisting of silver, sulphur, and antimony, with some copper and arsenic.

Polycrotism(n.) That state or condition of the pulse in which the pulse curve, or sphygmogram, shows several secondary crests or elevations; -- contrasted with monocrotism and dicrotism.

Polygamia(n. pl.) A Linnaean class of plants, characterized by having both hermaphrodite and unisexual flowers on the same plant.

Polygamous(a.) Belonging to the Polygamia; bearing both hermaphrodite and unisexual flowers on the same plant.

Polygenetic(a.) Of or pertaining to polygenesis; polyphyletic.

Polygraph(n.) An instrument for multiplying copies of a writing; a manifold writer; a copying machine.

Polygraph(n.) In bibliography, a collection of different works, either by one or several authors.

Polygraph(n.) An instrument for detecting deceptive statements by a subject, by measuring several physiological states of the subject, such as pulse, heartbeat, and sweating. The instrument records these parameters on a strip of paper while the subject is asked questions designed to elicit emotional responses when the subject tries to deceive the interrogator. Also called lie detector

Polygraphic(a.) Alt. of Polygraphical

Polygraphical(a.) Pertaining to, or employed in, polygraphy; as, a polygraphic instrument.

Polygraphical(a.) Done with a polygraph; as, a polygraphic copy.

Polygraphy(n.) Much writing; writing of many books.

Polygraphy(n.) The art of writing in various ciphers, and of deciphering the same.

Polygraphy(n.) The art or practice of using a polygraph.

Polyhalite(n.) A mineral usually occurring in fibrous masses, of a brick-red color, being tinged with iron, and consisting chiefly of the sulphates of lime, magnesia, and soda.

Polymorph(n.) A substance capable of crystallizing in several distinct forms; also, any one of these forms. Cf. Allomorph.

Polymorphic(a.) Polymorphous.

Polymorphism(n.) Same as Pleomorphism.

Polymorphism(n.) The capability of assuming different forms; the capability of widely varying in form.

Polymorphism(n.) Existence in many forms; the coexistence, in the same locality, of two or more distinct forms independent of sex, not connected by intermediate gradations, but produced from common parents.

Polymorphosis(n.) The assumption of several structural forms without a corresponding difference in function; -- said of sponges, etc.

Polymorphous(a.) Having, or assuming, a variety of forms, characters, or styles; as, a polymorphous author.

Polymorphous(a.) Having, or occurring in, several distinct forms; -- opposed to monomorphic.

Polymorphy(n.) Existence in many forms; polymorphism.

Polyphagous(a.) Eating, or subsisting on, many kinds of food; as, polyphagous animals.

Polyphagy(n.) The practice or faculty of subsisting on many kinds of food.

Polypharmacy(n.) The act or practice of prescribing too many medicines.

Polypharmacy(n.) A prescription made up of many medicines or ingredients.

Polyphemus(n.) A very large American moth (Telea polyphemus) belonging to the Silkworm family (Bombycidae). Its larva, which is very large, bright green, with silvery tubercles, and with oblique white stripes on the sides, feeds on the oak, chestnut, willow, cherry, apple, and other trees. It produces a large amount of strong silk. Called also American silkworm.

Polyphone(n.) A character or vocal sign representing more than one sound, as read, which is pronounced red.

Polyphonic(a.) Having a multiplicity of sounds.

Polyphonic(a.) Characterized by polyphony; as, Assyrian polyphonic characters.

Polyphonic(a.) Consisting of several tone series, or melodic parts, progressing simultaneously according to the laws of counterpoint; contrapuntal; as, a polyphonic composition; -- opposed to homophonic, or monodic.

Polyphonism(n.) Polyphony.

Polyphonist(n.) A proficient in the art of multiplying sounds; a ventriloquist.

Polyphonist(n.) A master of polyphony; a contrapuntist.

Polyphonous(a.) Same as Polyphonic.

Polyphony(n.) Multiplicity of sounds, as in the reverberations of an echo.

Polyphony(n.) Plurality of sounds and articulations expressed by the same vocal sign.

Polyphony(n.) Composition in mutually related, equally important parts which share the melody among them; contrapuntal composition; -- opposed to homophony, in which the melody is given to one part only, the others filling out the harmony. See Counterpoint.

Polyphore(n.) A receptacle which bears many ovaries.

Polyphyletic(a.) Pertaining to, or characterized by, descent from more than one root form, or from many different root forms; polygenetic; -- opposed to monophyletic.

Polyphyllous(a.) Many-leaved; as, a polyphyllous calyx or perianth.

Polypite(n.) One of the feeding zooids, or polyps, of a coral, hydroid, or siphonophore; a hydranth. See Illust. of Campanularian.

Polyplacophora(n. pl.) See Placophora.

Polypus(n.) A tumor, usually with a narrow base, somewhat resembling a pear, -- found in the nose, uterus, etc., and produced by hypertrophy of some portion of the mucous membrane.

Polysulphide(n.) A sulphide having more than one atom of sulphur in the molecule; -- contrasted with monosulphide.

Polysulphuret(n.) A polysulphide.

Polythalamous(a.) Many-chambered; -- applied to shells of Foraminifera and cephalopods. See Illust. of Nautilus.

Pulmonata(n. pl.) An extensive division, or sub-class, of hermaphrodite gastropods, in which the mantle cavity is modified into an air-breathing organ, as in Helix, or land snails, Limax, or garden slugs, and many pond snails, as Limnaea and Planorbis.

Pulsimeter(n.) A sphygmograph.

Pulsometer(n.) A device, with valves, for raising water by steam, partly by atmospheric pressure, and partly by the direct action of the steam on the water, without the intervention of a piston; -- also called vacuum pump.

Pylagore(n.) a deputy of a State at the Amphictyonic council.

Pylangium(n.) The first and undivided part of the aortic trunk in the amphibian heart.

Ralph(n.) A name sometimes given to the raven.

Relative(n.) A relative pronoun; a word which relates to, or represents, another word or phrase, called its antecedent; as, the relatives "who", "which", "that".

Relay(n.) In various forms of telegraphic apparatus, a magnet which receives the circuit current, and is caused by it to bring into into action the power of a local battery for performing the work of making the record; also, a similar device by which the current in one circuit is made to open or close another circuit in which a current is passing.

Role(n.) A part, or character, performed by an actor in a drama; hence, a part of function taken or assumed by any one; as, he has now taken the role of philanthropist.

Roll(n.) To wrap round on itself; to form into a spherical or cylindrical body by causing to turn over and over; as, to roll a sheet of paper; to roll parchment; to roll clay or putty into a ball.

Salamander(n.) The pouched gopher (Geomys tuza) of the Southern United States.

Salamandroidea(n. pl.) A division of Amphibia including the Salamanders and allied groups; the Urodela.

Salamstone(n.) A kind of blue sapphire brought from Ceylon.

Salep(n.) The dried tubers of various species of Orchis, and Eulophia. It is used to make a nutritious beverage by treating the powdered preparation with hot water.

Salicylic(a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or designating, an acid formerly obtained by fusing salicin with potassium hydroxide, and now made in large quantities from phenol (carbolic acid) by the action of carbon dioxide on heated sodium phenolate. It is a white crystal.

Saligenin(n.) A phenol alcohol obtained, by the decomposition of salicin, as a white crystal.

Saliretin(n.) A yellow amorphous resinoid substance obtained by the action of dilute acids on saligenin.

Salol(n.) A white crystal.

Salt(n.) The neutral compound formed by the union of an acid and a base; thus, sulphuric acid and iron form the salt sulphate of iron or green vitriol.

Saltpetre(n.) Potassium nitrate; niter; a white crystal.

Salver-shaped(a.) Tubular, with a spreading border. See Hypocraterimorphous.

Selenhydric(a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, hydrogen selenide, H2Se, regarded as an acid analogous to sulphydric acid.

Selenio-() A combining form (also used adjectively) denoting the presence of selenium or its compounds; as, selenio-phosphate, a phosphate having selenium in place of all, or a part, of the oxygen.

Selenium(n.) A nonmetallic element of the sulphur group, and analogous to sulphur in its compounds. It is found in small quantities with sulphur and some sulphur ores, and obtained in the free state as a dark reddish powder or crystal.

Selenograph(n.)

Selenographer(n.) One skilled in selenography.

Selenographic(a.) Alt. of Selenographical

Selenographical(a.) Of or pertaining to selenography.

Selenographist(n.) A selenographer.

Selenography(n.) The science that treats of the physical features of the moon; -- corresponding to physical geography in respect to the earth.

Selenonium(n.) A hypothetical radical of selenium, analogous to sulphonium.

Self(n.) The individual as the object of his own reflective consciousness; the man viewed by his own cognition as the subject of all his mental phenomena, the agent in his own activities, the subject of his own feelings, and the possessor of capacities and character; a person as a distinct individual; a being regarded as having personality.

Self-registering(a.) Registering itself; -- said of any instrument so contrived as to record its own indications of phenomena, whether continuously or at stated times, as at the maxima and minima of variations; as, a self-registering anemometer or barometer.

Self-righteous(a.) Righteous in one's own esteem; pharisaic.

Self-righteousness(n.) The quality or state of being self-righteous; pharisaism.

Silene(n.) A genus of caryophyllaceous plants, usually covered with a viscid secretion by which insects are caught; catchfly.

Silicon(n.) A nonmetalic element analogous to carbon. It always occurs combined in nature, and is artificially obtained in the free state, usually as a dark brown amorphous powder, or as a dark crystal.

Silver(n.) A soft white metallic element, sonorous, ductile, very malleable, and capable of a high degree of polish. It is found native, and also combined with sulphur, arsenic, antimony, chlorine, etc., in the minerals argentite, proustite, pyrargyrite, ceragyrite, etc. Silver is one of the "noble" metals, so-called, not being easily oxidized, and is used for coin, jewelry, plate, and a great variety of articles. Symbol Ag (Argentum). Atomic weight 107.7. Specific gravity 10.5.

Silverspot(n.) Any one of numerous species of butterflies of the genus Argynnis and allied genera, having silvery spots on the under side of the wings. See Illust. under Aphrodite.

Solarization(n.) Injury of a photographic picture caused by exposing it for too long a time to the sun's light in the camera; burning; excessive insolation.

Soldier(n.) A brave warrior; a man of military experience and skill, or a man of distinguished valor; -- used by way of emphasis or distinction.

Soldier(n.) One of the asexual polymorphic forms of white ants, or termites, in which the head and jaws are very large and strong. The soldiers serve to defend the nest. See Termite.

Sole(n.) Any one of several American flounders somewhat resembling the true sole in form or quality, as the California sole (Lepidopsetta biSolenoconcha(n. pl.) Same as Scaphopoda.

Solenoglyph(a.) Pertaining to the Selenoglypha. See Ophidia.

Solenoglyph(n.) One of the Selenoglypha.

Solenoglypha(n. pl.) A suborder of serpents including those which have tubular erectile fangs, as the viper and rattlesnake. See Fang.

Solenostomi(n. pl.) A tribe of lophobranch fishes having a tubular snout. The female carries the eggs in a ventral pouch.

Solfanaria(n.) A sulphur mine.

Solfatara(n.) A volcanic area or vent which yields only sulphur vapors, steam, and the like. It represents the stages of the volcanic activity.

Solid(a.) Applied to a compound word whose parts are closely united and form an unbroken word; -- opposed to hyphened.

Solitaire(n.) A large extinct bird (Pezophaps solitaria) which formerly inhabited the islands of Mauritius and Rodrigeuz. It was larger and taller than the wild turkey. Its wings were too small for flight. Called also solitary.

Solstitial(a.) Happening at a solstice; esp. (with reference to the northern hemisphere), happening at the summer solstice, or midsummer.

Splanchnapophyses(pl. ) of Splanchnapophysis

Splanchnapophysis(n.) Any element of the skeleton in relation with the alimentary canal, as the jaws and hyoidean apparatus.

Splanchnography(n.) Splanchnology.

Splenography(n.) A description of the spleen.

Sulphacid(n.) An acid in which, to a greater or less extent, sulphur plays a part analogous to that of oxygen in an oxyacid; thus, thiosulphuric and sulpharsenic acids are sulphacids; -- called also sulphoacid. See the Note under Acid, n., 2.

Sulphamate(n.) A salt of sulphamic acid.

Sulphamic(a.) Of or pertaining to a sulphamide; derived from, or related to, a sulphamide; specifically, designating an amido acid derivative, NH2.SO2.OH, of sulphuric acid (analogous to sulphonic acid) which is not known in the free state, but is known in its salts.

Sulphamide(n.) Any one of a series of amido compounds obtained by treating sulphuryl chloride with various amines.

Sulphanilic(a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an anilene sulphonic acid which is obtained as a white crystal.

Sulphantimonate(n.) A salt of sulphantimonic acid.

Sulphantimonic(a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a hypothetical sulphacid of antimony (called also thioantimonic acid) analogous to sulpharsenic acid.

Sulphantimonious(a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a hypothetical sulphacid of antimony (called also thioantimonious acid) analogous to sulpharsenious acid.

Sulphantimonite(n.) A salt of sulphantimonious acid.

Sulpharsenate(n.) A salt of sulpharsenic acid.

Sulpharsenic(a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a hypothetical sulphacid (called also thioarsenic acid) analogous to arsenic acid, and known only in its salts.

Sulpharsenious(a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a hypothetical sulphacid (called also thioarsenious acid) analogous to arsenious acid, and known only in its salts.

Sulpharsenite(n.) A salt of sulpharsenious acid.

Sulphate(n.) A salt of sulphuric acid.

Sulphatic(a.) Of, pertaining to, resembling, or containing, a sulphate or sulphates.

Sulphato-() A combining form (also used adjectively) denoting a sulphate as an ingredient in certain double salts; as, sulphato-carbonate.

Sulphaurate(n.) A salt of sulphauric acid.

Sulphauric(a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a hypothetical sulphacid of gold (aurum), known only in its salts.

Sulphide(n.) A binary compound of sulphur, or one so regarded; -- formerly called sulphuret.

Sulphinate(n.) A salt of a sulphinic acid.

Sulphindigotic(a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a sulphonic acid obtained, as a blue solution, by dissolving indigo in sulphuric acid; -- formerly called also cerulic sulphuric acid, but properly called indigo-disulphonic acid.

Sulphine(n.) Any one of a series of basic compounds which consist essentially of sulphur united with hydrocarbon radicals. In general they are oily or crystal.

Sulphinic(a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, any one of a series of acids regarded as acid ethereal salts of hyposulphurous acid; as, methyl sulphinic acid, CH3.SO.OH, a thick unstable liquid.

Sulphinide(n.) A white or yellowish crystal.

Sulphion(n.) A hypothetical radical, SO4, regarded as forming the acid or negative constituent of sulphuric acid and the sulphates in electrolytic decomposition; -- so called in accordance with the binary theory of salts.

Sulphionide(n.) A binary compound of sulphion, or one so regarded; thus, sulphuric acid, H/SO/, is a sulphionide.

Sulphite(n.) A salt of sulphurous acid.

Sulpho-() A prefix (also used adjectively) designating sulphur as an ingredient in certain compounds. Cf. Thio-.

Sulphoarsenic(a.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, sulphur and arsenic; -- said of an acid which is the same as arsenic acid with the substitution of sulphur for oxygen.

Sulphocarbonate(n.) A salt of sulphocarbonic acid; a thiocarbonate.

Sulphocarbonic(a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a sulphacid, H2CSO2 (called also thiocarbonic acid), or an acid, H2CS3, analogous to carbonic acid, obtained as a yellow oily liquid of a pungent odor, and forming salts.

Sulphocyanate(n.) A salt of sulphocyanic acid; -- also called thiocyanate, and formerly inaccurately sulphocyanide.

Sulphocyanic(a.) Of, pertaining to, derived from, or designating, a sulphacid, HSCN, analogous to cyanic acid, and obtained as a colorless deliquescent crystal.

Sulphocyanide(n.) See Sulphocyanate.

Sulphocyanogen(n.) See Persulphocyanogen.

Sulphonal(n.) A substance employed as a hypnotic, produced by the union of mercaptan and acetone.

Sulphonate(n.) A salt of sulphonic acid.

Sulphone(n.) Any one of a series of compounds analogous to the ketones, and consisting of the sulphuryl group united with two hydrocarbon radicals; as, dimethyl sulphone, (CH/)/.SO/.

Sulphonic(a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, a sulphone; -- used specifically to designate any one of a series of acids (regarded as acid ethereal salts of sulphurous acid) obtained by the oxidation of the mercaptans, or by treating sulphuric acid with certain aromatic bases (as benzene); as, phenyl sulphonic acid, C6H5.SO2.OH, a stable colorless crystal.

Sulphonium(n.) A hypothetical radical, SH3, regarded as the type and nucleus of the sulphines.

Sulphophosphate(n.) A salt of sulphophosphoric acid.

Sulphophosphite(n.) A salt of sulphophosphorous acid.

Sulphophosphoric(a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a hypothetical sulphacid of phosphorus, analogous to phosphoric acid, and known in its salts.

Sulphophosphorous(a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a hypothetical acid of phosphorus, analogous to phosphorous acid, and known in its salts.

Sulphosalt(n.) A salt of a sulphacid.

Sulphostannate(n.) A salt of sulphostannic acid.

Sulphostannic(a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a sulphacid of tin (more exactly called metasulphostannic acid), which is obtained as a dark brown amorphous substance, H/SnS/, forming a well-known series of salts.

Sulphotungstate(n.) A salt of sulphotungstic acid.

Sulphotungstic(a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, hypothetical sulphacid of tungsten (called also sulphowolframic acid), analogous to sulphuric acid, and known in its salts.

Sulphovinic(a.) Of, pertaining to, and formerly designating, ethylsulphuric acid.

Sulphur(n.) A nonmetallic element occurring naturally in large quantities, either combined as in the sulphides (as pyrites) and sulphates (as gypsum), or native in volcanic regions, in vast beds mixed with gypsum and various earthy materials, from which it is melted out. Symbol S. Atomic weight 32. The specific gravity of ordinary octohedral sulphur is 2.05; of prismatic sulphur, 1.96.

Sulphur(n.) Any one of numerous species of yellow or orange butterflies of the subfamily Pierinae; as, the clouded sulphur (Eurymus, / Colias, philodice), which is the common yellow butterfly of the Eastern United States.

Sulphurate(a.) Sulphureous.

Sulphurated(imp. & p. p.) of Sulphurate

Sulphurating(p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sulphurate

Sulphurate(v. t.) To sulphurize.

Sulphuration(n.) The act or process of combining or impregnating with sulphur or its compounds; also, the state of being so combined or impregnated.

Sulphurator(n.) An apparatus for impregnating with, or exposing to the action of, sulphur; especially, an apparatus for fumigating or bleaching by means of the fumes of burning sulphur.

Sulphur-bottom(n.) A very large whalebone whale of the genus Sibbaldius, having a yellowish belly; especially, S. sulfureus of the North Pacific, and S. borealis of the North Atlantic; -- called also sulphur whale.

Sulphureity(n.) The quality or state of being sulphureous.

Sulphureous(a.) Consisting of sulphur; having the qualities of sulphur, or brimstone; impregnated with sulphur.

Sulphuret(n.) A sulphide; as, a sulphuret of potassium.

Sulphureted(a.) Combined or impregnated with sulphur; sulphurized.

Sulphuric(a.) Of or pertaining to sulphur; as, a sulphuric smell.

Sulphuric(a.) Derived from, or containing, sulphur; specifically, designating those compounds in which the element has a higher valence as contrasted with the sulphurous compounds; as, sulphuric acid.

Sulphurine(a.) Sulphureous.

Sulphuring(n.) Exposure to the fumes of burning sulphur, as in bleaching; the process of bleaching by exposure to the fumes of sulphur.

Sulphurize(v. t.) To combine or impregnate with sulphur or any of its compounds; as, to sulphurize caoutchouc in vulcanizing.

Sulphurous(a.) Of or pertaining to sulphur.

Sulphurous(a.) Derived from, or containing, sulphur; specifically, designating those compounds in which the element has a lower valence as contrasted with the sulphuric compounds.

Sulphurous(a.) Having the characteristic odor of sulphur dioxide, or of hydrogen sulphide, or of other sulphur compounds.

Sulphurwort(n.) The hog's fennel. See under Fennel.

Sulphury(a.) Resembling, or partaking of the nature of, sulphur; having the qualities of sulphur.

Sulphuryl(n.) The hypothetical radical SO2; -- called also sulphon.

Sulphydrate(n.) A compound, analogous to a hydrate, regarded as a salt of sulphydric acid, or as a derivative of hydrogen sulphide in which one half of the hydrogen is replaced by a base (as potassium sulphydrate, KSH), or as a hydrate in which the oxygen has been wholly or partially replaced by sulphur.

Sulphydric(a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, hydrogen sulphide, which is regarded as an acid, especially when in solution.

Syllabism(n.) The expressing of the sounds of a language by syllables, rather than by an alphabet or by signs for words.

Syllable(n.) An elementary sound, or a combination of elementary sounds, uttered together, or with a single effort or impulse of the voice, and constituting a word or a part of a word. In other terms, it is a vowel or a diphtong, either by itself or flanked by one or more consonants, the whole produced by a single impulse or utterance. One of the liquids, l, m, n, may fill the place of a vowel in a syllable.

Syllepsis(n.) A figure of speech by which a word is used in a literal and metaphorical sense at the same time.

Sylph(n.) An imaginary being inhabiting the air; a fairy.

Sylph(n.) Fig.: A slender, graceful woman.

Sylph(n.) Any one of several species of very brilliant South American humming birds, having a very long and deeply-forked tail; as, the blue-tailed sylph (Cynanthus cyanurus).

Sylphid(n.) A little sylph; a young or diminutive sylph.

Sylphine(a.) Like a sylph.

Sylphish(a.) Sylphlike.

Sylphlike(a.) Like a sylph; airy; graceful.

Sylvanite(n.) A mineral, a telluride of gold and silver, of a steel-gray, silver-white, or brass-yellow color. It often occurs in implanted crystals resembling written characters, and hence is called graphic tellurium.

Talipot(n.) A beautiful tropical palm tree (Corypha umbraculifera), a native of Ceylon and the Malabar coast. It has a trunk sixty or seventy feet high, bearing a crown of gigantic fan-shaped leaves which are used as umbrellas and as fans in ceremonial processions, and, when cut into strips, as a substitute for writing paper.

Talmudical(a.) Of or pertaining to the Talmud; contained in the Talmud; as, Talmudic Greek; Talmudical phrases.

Talon(n.) One of certain small prominences on the hind part of the face of an elephant's tooth.

Telegram(n.) A message sent by telegraph; a telegraphic dispatch.

Telegraph(n.) An apparatus, or a process, for communicating intelligence rapidly between distant points, especially by means of preconcerted visible or audible signals representing words or ideas, or by means of words and signs, transmitted by electrical action.

Telegraphed(imp. & p. p.) of Telegraph

Telegraphing(p. pr. & vb. n.) of Telegraph

Telegraph(v. t.) To convey or announce by telegraph.

Telegrapher(n.) One who sends telegraphic messages; a telegraphic operator; a telegraphist.

Telegraphic(a.) Of or pertaining to the telegraph; made or communicated by a telegraph; as, telegraphic signals; telegraphic art; telegraphic intelligence.

Telegraphical(a.) Telegraphic.

Telegraphist(n.) One skilled in telegraphy; a telegrapher.

Telegraphy(n.) The science or art of constructing, or of communicating by means of, telegraphs; as, submarine telegraphy.

Teleocephial(n. pl.) An extensive order of bony fishes including most of the common market species, as bass, salmon, cod, perch, etc.

Teleology(n.) the doctrine of design, which assumes that the phenomena of organic life, particularly those of evolution, are explicable only by purposive causes, and that they in no way admit of a mechanical explanation or one based entirely on biological science; the doctrine of adaptation to purpose.

Teleophore(n.) Same as Gonotheca.

Telepheme(n.) A message by a telephone.

Telephone(n.) An instrument for reproducing sounds, especially articulate speech, at a distance.

Telephone(v. t.) To convey or announce by telephone.

Telephonic(a.) Conveying sound to a great distance.

Telephonic(a.) Of or pertaining to the telephone; by the telephone.

Telephonically(adv.) By telephonic means or processes; by the use of the telephone.

Telephony(n.) The art or process of reproducing sounds at a distance, as with the telephone.

Telluric(a.) Of or pertaining to tellurium; derived from, or resembling, tellurium; specifically, designating those compounds in which the element has a higher valence as contrasted with tellurous compounds; as, telluric acid, which is analogous to sulphuric acid.

Tellurism(n.) An hypothesis of animal magnetism propounded by Dr. Keiser, in Germany, in which the phenomena are ascribed to the agency of a telluric spirit or influence.

Tellurium(n.) A rare nonmetallic element, analogous to sulphur and selenium, occasionally found native as a substance of a silver-white metallic luster, but usually combined with metals, as with gold and silver in the mineral sylvanite, with mercury in Coloradoite, etc. Symbol Te. Atomic weight 125.2.

Tellurous(a.) Of or pertaining to tellurium; derived from, or containing, tellurium; specifically, designating those compounds in which the element has a lower valence as contrasted with telluric compounds; as, tellurous acid, which is analogous to sulphurous acid.

Telotype(n.) An electric telegraph which prints the messages in letters and not in signs.

Telpher(n.) A contrivance for the conveyance of vehicles or loads by means of electricity.

Telpherage(n.) The conveyance of vehicles or loads by means of electricity.

Tilefish(n.) A large, edible, deep-water food fish (Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps) more or less thickly covered with large, round, yellow spots.

Tillandsia(n.) A genus of epiphytic endogenous plants found in the Southern United States and in tropical America. Tillandsia usneoides, called long moss, black moss, Spanish moss, and Florida moss, has a very slender pendulous branching stem, and forms great hanging tufts on the branches of trees. It is often used for stuffing mattresses.

Tolane(n.) A hydrocarbon, C14H10, related both to the acetylene and the aromatic series, and produced artificially as a white crystal.

Tolerable(a.) Capable of being borne or endured; supportable, either physically or mentally.

Toluene(n.) A hydrocarbon, C6H5.CH3, of the aromatic series, homologous with benzene, and obtained as a light mobile colorless liquid, by distilling tolu balsam, coal tar, etc.; -- called also methyl benzene, phenyl methane, etc.

Ullmannite(n.) A brittle mineral of a steel-gray color and metallic luster, containing antimony, arsenic, sulphur, and nickel.

Umlaut(n.) The euphonic modification of a root vowel sound by the influence of a, u, or especially i, in the syllable which formerly followed.

Uplift(n.) A raising or upheaval of strata so as to disturb their regularity and uniformity, and to occasion folds, dislocations, and the like.

Valerin(n.) A salt of valeric acid with glycerin, occurring in butter, dolphin oil., and forming an forming an oily liquid with a slightly unpleasant odor.

Vallecula(n.) A groove; a fossa; as, the vallecula, or fossa, which separates the hemispheres of the cerebellum.

Vallet's pills() Pills containing sulphate of iron and carbonate of sodium, mixed with saccharine matter; -- called also Vallet's mass.

Velarium(n.) The marginal membrane of certain medusae belonging to the Discophora.

Velella(n.) Any species of oceanic Siphonophora belonging to the genus Velella.

Vellon(n.) A word occurring in the phrase real vellon. See the Note under Its Real.

Volatile(a.) Passing through the air on wings, or by the buoyant force of the atmosphere; flying; having the power to fly.

Volcanist(n.) One versed in the history and phenomena of volcanoes.

Volcano(n.) A mountain or hill, usually more or less conical in form, from which lava, cinders, steam, sulphur gases, and the like, are ejected; -- often popularly called a burning mountain.

Volta(n.) A turning; a time; -- chiefly used in phrases signifying that the part is to be repeated one, two, or more times; as, una volta, once. Seconda volta, second time, points to certain modifications in the close of a repeated strain.

Voltagraphy(n.) In electrotypy, the act or art of copying, in metals deposited by electrolytic action, a form or pattern which is made the negative electrode.

Voltzite(n.) An oxysulphide of lead occurring in implanted spherical globules of a yellowish or brownish color; -- called also voltzine.

Volume(n.) Dimensions; compass; space occupied, as measured by cubic units, that is, cubic inches, feet, yards, etc.; mass; bulk; as, the volume of an elephant's body; a volume of gas.

Voluptuary(n.) A voluptuous person; one who makes his physical enjoyment his chief care; one addicted to luxury, and the gratification of sensual appetites.

Vulcan(n.) The god of fire, who presided over the working of metals; -- answering to the Greek Hephaestus.

Vulcanite(n.) Hard rubber produced by vulcanizing with a large proportion of sulphur.

Vulcanization(n.) The act or process of imparting to caoutchouc, gutta-percha, or the like, greater elasticity, durability, or hardness by heating with sulphur under pressure.

Vulcanology(n.) The science which treats of phenomena due to plutonic action, as in volcanoes, hot springs, etc.

Vulgarism(n.) A vulgar phrase or expression.

Walk(n.) A frequented track; habitual place of action; sphere; as, the walk of the historian.

Will(adv.) As an auxiliary, will is used to denote futurity dependent on the verb. Thus, in first person, "I will" denotes willingness, consent, promise; and when "will" is emphasized, it denotes determination or fixed purpose; as, I will go if you wish; I will go at all hazards. In the second and third persons, the idea of distinct volition, wish, or purpose is evanescent, and simple certainty is appropriately expressed

Will(n.) To give or direct the disposal of by testament; to bequeath; to devise; as, to will one's estate to a child; also, to order or direct by testament; as, he willed that his nephew should have his watch.

Willet(n.) A large North American snipe (Symphemia semipalmata); -- called also pill-willet, will-willet, semipalmated tattler, or snipe, duck snipe, and stone curlew.

Willow-thorn(n.) A thorny European shrub (Hippophae rhamnoides) resembling a willow.

Wolfberry(n.) An American shrub (Symphoricarpus occidentalis) which bears soft white berries.

Wolf's-milk(n.) Any kind of spurge (Euphorbia); -- so called from its acrid milky juice.

Xylem(n.) That portion of a fibrovascular bundle which has developed, or will develop, into wood cells; -- distinguished from phloem.

Xylenol(n.) Any one of six metameric phenol derivatives of xylene, obtained as crystal.

Xylindein(n.) A green or blue pigment produced by Peziza in certain kinds of decayed wood, as the beech, oak, birch, etc., and extracted as an amorphous powder resembling indigo.

Xylitone(n.) A yellow oil having a geraniumlike odor, produced as a side product in making phorone; -- called also xylite oil.

Xylo-() A combining form from Gr. xy`lon wood; as in xylogen, xylograph.

Xylograph(n.) An engraving on wood, or the impression from such an engraving; a print by xylography.

Xylographer(n.) One who practices xylography.

Xylographic(a.) Alt. of Xylographical

Xylographical(a.) Of or pertaining to xylography, or wood engraving.

Xylography(n.) The art of engraving on wood.

Xylography(n.) The art of making prints from the natural grain of wood.

Xylography(n.) A method pf printing in colors upon wood for purposes of house decoration.

Xylophaga(n.) A genus of marine bivalves which bore holes in wood. They are allied to Pholas.

Xylophagan(n.) One of a tribe of beetles whose larvae bore or live in wood.

Xylophagan(n.) Any species of Xylophaga.

Xylophagan(n.) Any one of the Xylophagides.

Xylophagides(n. pl.) A tribe or family of dipterous flies whose larvae live in decayed wood. Some of the tropical species are very large.

Xylophagous(a.) Eating, boring in, or destroying, wood; -- said especially of certain insect larvae, crustaceans, and mollusks.

Xylophagous(a.) Of or pertaining to the genus Xylophaga.

Xylophilan(n.) One of a tribe of beetles (Xylophili) whose larvae live on decayed wood.

Xylophilous(a.) Of or pertaining to the xylophilans.

Xylophone(n.) An instrument common among the Russians, Poles, and Tartars, consisting of a series of strips of wood or glass graduated in length to the musical scale, resting on belts of straw, and struck with two small hammers. Called in Germany strohfiedel, or straw fiddle.

Xylophone(n.) An instrument to determine the vibrative properties of different kinds of wood.

Xylopyrography(n.) The art or practice of burning pictures on wood with a hot iron; -- called also poker painting. See Poker picture, under Poker.

Yellows(n.) A group of butterflies in which the predominating color is yellow. It includes the common small yellow butterflies. Called also redhorns, and sulphurs. See Sulphur.







About the author

Mark McCracken

Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".

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