Words whose 11th letter is R
Abbreviator (n.) One of a college of seventy-two officers of the papal court whose duty is to make a short minute of a decision on a petition, or reply of the pope to a letter, and afterwards expand the minute into official form.
Acanthophorous (a.) Spine-bearing.
Acanthopterous (a.) Spiny-winged.
Acanthopterygian (n.) A spiny-finned fish.
Acanthopterygious (a.) Having fins in which the rays are hard and spinelike; spiny-finned.
Acciaccatura (n.) A short grace note, one semitone below the note to which it is prefixed; -- used especially in organ music. Now used as equivalent to the short appoggiatura.
Accumulator (n.) A system of elastic springs for relieving the strain upon a rope, as in deep-sea dredging.
Acutangular (a.) Acute-angled.
Amygdaliferous (a.) Almond-bearing.
Anaglyptography (n.) The art of copying works in relief, or of engraving as to give the subject an embossed or raised appearance; -- used in representing coins, bas-reliefs, etc.
Anguilliform (a.) Eel-shaped.
Appoggiatura (n.) A passing tone preceding an essential tone, and borrowing the time it occupies from that; a short auxiliary or grace note one degree above or below the principal note unless it be of the same harmony; -- generally indicated by a note of smaller size, as in the illustration above. It forms no essential part of the harmony.
Archchamberlain (n.) A chief chamberlain; -- an officer of the old German empire, whose office was similar to that of the great chamberlain in England.
Architecture (n.) The art or science of building; especially, the art of building houses, churches, bridges, and other structures, for the purposes of civil life; -- often called civil architecture.
Arthropleura (n.) The side or limb-bearing portion of an arthromere.
Autocoherer (n.) A self-restoring coherer, as a microphonic detector.
Burghmaster (n.) An officer who directs and lays out the meres or boundaries for the workmen; -- called also bailiff, and barmaster.
Calorisator (n.) An apparatus used in beet-sugar factories to heat the juice in order to aid the diffusion.
Carburettor (n.) One that carburets; specif., an apparatus in which air or gas is carbureted, as by passing it through a light petroleum oil. The carburetor for a gasoCallyciflorous (a.) Having the petals and stamens adnate to the calyx; -- applied to a subclass of dicotyledonous plants in the system of the French botanist Candolle.
Centrosphere (n.) The nucleus or central part of the earth, forming most of its mass; -- disting. from lithosphere, hydrosphere, etc.
Centrosphere (n.) The nucleus or central part of the earth, forming most of its mass; -- disting. from lithosphere, hydrosphere, etc.
Checkerboard (n.) A board with sixty-four squares of alternate color, used for playing checkers or draughts.
Chronometer (n.) A portable timekeeper, with a heavy compensation balance, and usually beating half seconds; -- intended to keep time with great accuracy for use an astronomical observations, in determining longitude, etc.
Circumpolar (a.) About the pole; -- applied to stars that revolve around the pole without setting; as, circumpolar stars.
Cocleariform (a.) Spoon-shaped.
Compensator (n.) One who, or that which, compensates; -- a name applied to various mechanical devices.
Counterflory (a.) Adorned with flowers (usually fleurs-de-lis) so divided that the tops appear on one side and the bottoms on the others; -- said of any ordinary.
Disciplinarian (n.) A Puritan or Presbyterian; -- because of rigid adherence to religious or church discipline.
Epiperipheral (a.) Connected with, or having its origin upon, the external surface of the body; -- especially applied to the feelings which originate at the extremities of nerves distributed on the outer surface, as the sensation produced by touching an object with the finger; -- opposed to entoperipheral.
Flabelliform (a.) Having the form of a fan; fan-shaped; flabellate.
Flabellinerved (a.) Having many nerves diverging radiately from the base; -- said of a leaf.
Fourdrinier (n.) A machine used in making paper; -- so named from an early inventor of improvements in this class of machinery.
Galactophorous (a.) Milk-carrying; lactiferous; -- applied to the ducts of mammary glands.
Globeflower (n.) A plant of the genus Trollius (T. Europaeus), found in the mountainous parts of Europe, and producing handsome globe-shaped flowers.
Grasshopper (n.) Any jumping, orthopterous insect, of the families Acrididae and Locustidae. The species and genera are very numerous. The former family includes the Western grasshopper or locust (Caloptenus spretus), noted for the great extent of its ravages in the region beyond the Mississippi. In the Eastern United States the red-legged (Caloptenus femurrubrum and C. atlanis) are closely related species, but their ravages are less important. They are closely related to the migratory locusts>
Grasshopper (n.) In ordinary square or upright pianos of London make, the escapement lever or jack, so made that it can be taken out and replaced with the key; -- called also the hopper.
Haematothermal (a.) Warm-blooded; homoiothermal.
Hexoctahedron (n.) A solid having forty-eight equal triangular faces.
Homocategoric (a.) Belonging to the same category of individuality; -- a morphological term applied to organisms so related.
Hydrometeor (n.) A meteor or atmospheric phenomenon dependent upon the vapor of water; -- in the pl., a general term for the whole aqueous phenomena of the atmosphere, as rain, snow, hail, etc.
Hypercarbureted (a.) Having an excessive proportion of carbonic acid; -- said of bicarbonates or acid carbonates.
Hystricomorphous (a.) Like, or allied to, the porcupines; -- said of a group (Hystricomorpha) of rodents.
Ichthyolatry (n.) Worship of fishes, or of fish-shaped idols.
Ichthyosauria (n. pl.) An extinct order of marine reptiles, including Ichthyosaurus and allied forms; -- called also Ichthyopterygia. They have not been found later than the Cretaceous period.
Ichthyosaurus (n.) An extinct genus of marine reptiles; -- so named from their short, biconcave vertebrae, resembling those of fishes. Several species, varying in length from ten to thirty feet, are known from the Liassic, Oolitic, and Cretaceous formations.
Inequilateral (a.) Having unequal sides; unsymmetrical; unequal-sided.
Infralapsarian (n.) One of that class of Calvinists who consider the decree of election as contemplating the apostasy as past and the elect as being at the time of election in a fallen and guilty state; -- opposed to Supralapsarian. The former considered the election of grace as a remedy for an existing evil; the latter regarded the fall as a part of God's original purpose in regard to men.
Intermediary (n.) One who, or that which, is intermediate; an interagent; a go-between.
Intramercurial (a.) Between the planet Mercury and the sun; -- as, the hypothetical Vulcan is intramercurial.
Lachrymatory (n.) A "tear-bottle;" a narrow-necked vessel found in sepulchers of the ancient Romans; -- so called from a former notion that the tears of the deceased person's friends were collected in it. Called also lachrymal or lacrymal.
Lachrymiform (a.) Having the form of a tear; tear-shaped.
Lammergeier (n.) A very large vulture (Gypaetus barbatus), which inhabits the mountains of Southern Europe, Asia, and Northern Africa. When full-grown it is nine or ten feet in extent of wings. It is brownish black above, with the under parts and neck rusty yellow; the forehead and crown white; the sides of the head and beard black. It feeds partly on carrion and partly on small animals, which it kills. It has the habit of carrying tortoises and marrow bones to a great height, and dropping the>
Levorotatory (a.) Turning or rotating the plane of polarization towards the left; levogyrate, as levulose, left-handed quartz crystals, etc.
Liquidambar (n.) A genus consisting of two species of tall trees having star-shaped leaves, and woody burlike fruit. Liquidambar styraciflua is the North American sweet qum, and L. Orientalis is found in Asia Minor.
Minnesinger (n.) A love-singer; specifically, one of a class of German poets and musicians who flourished from about the middle of the twelfth to the middle of the fourteenth century. They were chiefly of noble birth, and made love and beauty the subjects of their verses.
Monseigneur (n.) My lord; -- a title in France of a person of high birth or rank; as, Monseigneur the Prince, or Monseigneur the Archibishop. It was given, specifically, to the dauphin, before the Revolution of 1789. (Abbrev. Mgr.)
Montgolfier (n.) A balloon which ascends by the buoyancy of air heated by a fire; a fire balloon; -- so called from two brothers, Stephen and Joseph Montgolfier, of France, who first constructed and sent up a fire balloon.
Monosaccharide () Alt. of -rid
Musculospiral (a.) Of or pertaining to the muscles, and taking a spiral course; -- applied esp. to a large nerve of the arm.
Ornithosauria (n. pl.) An order of extinct flying reptiles; -- called also Pterosauria.
Parallelogram (n.) A right-lined quadrilateral figure, whose opposite sides are parallel, and consequently equal; -- sometimes restricted in popular usage to a rectangle, or quadrilateral figure which is longer than it is broad, and with right angles.
Photobacterium (n.) A genus including certain comma-shaped marine bacteria which emit bluish or greenish phosphorescence. Also, any microorganism of this group.
Postgeniture (n.) The condition of being born after another in the same family; -- distinguished from primogeniture.
Propitiatory (n.) The mercy seat; -- so called because a symbol of the propitiated Jehovah.
Protomartyr (n.) The first martyr; the first who suffers, or is sacrificed, in any cause; -- applied esp. to Stephen, the first Christian martyr.
Pseudosphere (n.) The surface of constant negative curvature generated by the revolution of a tractrix. This surface corresponds in non-Euclidian space to the sphere in ordinary space. An important property of the surface is that any figure drawn upon it can be displaced in any way without tearing it or altering in size any of its elements.
Quicksilver (a.) The metal mercury; -- so called from its resemblance to liquid silver.
Quicksilvering (n.) The mercury and foil on the back of a looking-glass.
Radiotelegraphy (n.) Telegraphy using the radiant energy of electrical (Hertzian) waves; wireless telegraphy; -- the term adopted for use by the Radiotelegraphic Convention of 1912.
Rathskeller (n.) Orig., in Germany, the cellar or basement of the city hall, usually rented for use as a restaurant where beer is sold; hence, a beer saloon of the German type below the street level, where, usually, drinks are served only at tables and simple food may also be had; -- sometimes loosely used, in English, of what are essentially basement restaurants where liquors are served.
Rectangular (a.) Right-angled; having one or more angles of ninety degrees.
Rectangularity (n.) The quality or condition of being rectangular, or right-angled.
Regenerator (n.) A device used in connection with hot-air engines, gas-burning furnaces, etc., in which the incoming air or gas is heated by being brought into contact with masses of iron, brick, etc., which have been previously heated by the outgoing, or escaping, hot air or gas.
Schoolmistress (n.) A woman who governs and teaches a school; a female school-teacher.
Siphonophora (n. pl.) An order of pelagic Hydrozoa including species which form complex free-swimming communities composed of numerous zooids of various kinds, some of which act as floats or as swimming organs, others as feeding or nutritive zooids, and others as reproductive zooids. See Illust. under Physallia, and Porpita.
Southwester (n.) A hat made of painted canvas, oiled cloth, or the like, with a flap at the back, -- worn in stormy weather.
Stethometer (n.) An apparatus for measuring the external movements of a given point of the chest wall, during respiration; -- also called thoracometer.
Strepsiptera (n. pl.) A group of small insects having the anterior wings rudimentary, and in the form of short and slender twisted appendages, while the posterior ones are large and membranous. They are parasitic in the larval state on bees, wasps, and the like; -- called also Rhipiptera. See Illust. under Rhipipter.
Supraocular (a.) Above the eyes; -- said of certain scales of fishes and reptiles.
Teleutospore (n.) The thick-celled winter or resting spore of the rusts (order Uredinales), produced in late summer. See Illust. of Uredospore.
Thalamiflorous (a.) Bearing the stamens directly on the receptacle; -- said of a subclass of polypetalous dicotyledonous plants in the system of De Candolle.
Toreumatography (n.) A description of sculpture such as bas-relief in metal.
Trackmaster (n.) One who has charge of the track; -- called also roadmaster.
Transmitter (n.) One who, or that which, transmits; specifically, that portion of a telegraphic or telephonic instrument by means of which a message is sent; -- opposed to receiver.
Trapezohedron (n.) A solid bounded by twenty-four equal and similar trapeziums; a tetragonal trisoctahedron. See the Note under Trisoctahedron.
Tricentenary (n.) A period of three centuries, or three hundred years, also, the three-hundredth anniversary of any event; a tercentenary.
Trivalvular (a.) Having three valves; three-valved.
Underlocker (n.) A person who inspects a mine daily; -- called also underviewer.
Versemonger (n.) A writer of verses; especially, a writer of commonplace poetry; a poetaster; a rhymer; -- used humorously or in contempt.
Weatherboard (n.) A clapboard or feather-edged board used in weatherboarding.
Xiphiplastron (n.) The posterior, or fourth, lateral plate in the plastron of turtles; -- called also xiphisternum.
Yellowammer (n.) See Yellow-hammer.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 by Mark McCracken, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".