Words whose 4th letter is D
Abaddon (n.) The destroyer, or angel of the bottomless pit; -- the same as Apollyon and Asmodeus.
Abide (v. i.) To stay; to continue in a place; to have one's abode; to dwell; to sojourn; -- with with before a person, and commonly with at or in before a place.
Acid (a.) Sour, sharp, or biting to the taste; tart; having the taste of vinegar: as, acid fruits or liquors. Also fig.: Sour-tempered.
Acidic (a.) Containing a high percentage of silica; -- opposed to basic.
Acidulous (a.) Slightly sour; sub-acid; sourish; as, an acidulous tincture.
Aludel (n.) One of the pear-shaped pots open at both ends, and so formed as to be fitted together, the neck of one into the bottom of another in succession; -- used in the process of sublimation.
Amadavat (n.) The strawberry finch, a small Indian song bird (Estrelda amandava), commonly caged and kept for fighting. The female is olive brown; the male, in summer, mostly crimson; -- called also red waxbill.
Amidogen (n.) A compound radical, NH2, not yet obtained in a separate state, which may be regarded as ammonia from the molecule of which one of its hydrogen atoms has been removed; -- called also the amido group, and in composition represented by the form amido.
Anadiplosis (n.) A repetition of the last word or any prominent word in a sentence or clause, at the beginning of the next, with an adjunct idea; as, "He retained his virtues amidst all his misfortunes -- misfortunes which no prudence could foresee or prevent."
Anadromous (a.) Tending upwards; -- said of terns in which the lowest secondary segments are on the upper side of the branch of the central stem.
Anode (n.) The positive pole of an electric battery, or more strictly the electrode by which the current enters the electrolyte on its way to the other pole; -- opposed to cathode.
Anodon (n.) A genus of fresh-water bivalves, having no teeth at the hinge.
Apodictical (a.) Self-evident; intuitively true; evident beyond contradiction.
Azedarach (n.) A handsome Asiatic tree (Melia azedarach), common in the southern United States; -- called also, Pride of India, Pride of China, and Bead tree.
Badderlocks (n.) A large black seaweed (Alaria esculenta) sometimes eaten in Europe; -- also called murlins, honeyware, and henware.
Bald (a.) Marked with a white spot on the head; bald-faced.
Baldhead (n.) A white-headed variety of pigeon.
Bandeau (n.) A narrow band or fillet; a part of a head-dress.
Barded (p.a.) Accoutered with defensive armor; -- said of a horse.
Baudekin (n.) The richest kind of stuff used in garments in the Middle Ages, the web being gold, and the woof silk, with embroidery : -- made originally at Bagdad.
Bawd (n.) A person who keeps a house of prostitution, or procures women for a lewd purpose; a procurer or procuress; a lewd person; -- usually applied to a woman.
Bawdy (a.) Dirty; foul; -- said of clothes.
Beading (n.) The beads or bead-forming quality of certain liquors; as, the beading of a brand of whisky.
Beadle (v.) A messenger or crier of a court; a servitor; one who cites or bids persons to appear and answer; -- called also an apparitor or summoner.
Bedded (a.) Provided with a bed; as, double-bedded room; placed or arranged in a bed or beds.
Beldame (n.) Grandmother; -- corresponding to belsire.
Bendy (a.) Divided into an even number of bends; -- said of a shield or its charge.
Biodynamics (n.) The branch of biology which treats of the active vital phenomena of organisms; -- opposed to biostatics.
Bind (v. t.) To cover, as with a bandage; to bandage or dress; -- sometimes with up; as, to bind up a wound.
Bind (v. t.) To place under legal obligation to serve; to indenture; as, to bind an apprentice; -- sometimes with out; as, bound out to service.
Binder (n.) Anything that binds, as a fillet, cord, rope, or band; a bandage; -- esp. the principal piece of timber intended to bind together any building.
Bird (n.) A warm-blooded, feathered vertebrate provided with wings. See Aves.
Birdie (n.) A pretty or dear little bird; -- a pet name.
Bladder (n.) A bag or sac in animals, which serves as the receptacle of some fluid; as, the urinary bladder; the gall bladder; -- applied especially to the urinary bladder, either within the animal, or when taken out and inflated with air.
Blade (n.) A sharp-witted, dashing, wild, or reckless, fellow; -- a word of somewhat indefinite meaning.
Bladed (a.) Having a blade or blades; as, a two-bladed knife.
Bondar (n.) A small quadruped of Bengal (Paradoxurus bondar), allied to the genet; -- called also musk cat.
Border (v. i.) To touch at the edge or boundary; to be contiguous or adjacent; -- with on or upon as, Connecticut borders on Massachusetts.
Brad (n.) A thin nail, usually small, with a slight projection at the top on one side instead of a head; also, a small wire nail, with a flat circular head; sometimes, a small, tapering, square-bodied finishing nail, with a countersunk head.
Bridewell (n.) A house of correction for the confinement of disorderly persons; -- so called from a hospital built in 1553 near St. Bride's (or Bridget's) well, in London, which was subsequently a penal workhouse.
Bridge (n.) A low wall or vertical partition in the fire chamber of a furnace, for deflecting flame, etc.; -- usually called a bridge wall.
Bridge (v. t.) To find a way of getting over, as a difficulty; -- generally with over.
Bridgehead (n.) A fortification commanding the extremity of a bridge nearest the enemy, to insure the preservation and usefulness of the bridge, and prevent the enemy from crossing; a tete-de-pont.
Bridle (v. i.) To hold up the head, and draw in the chin, as an expression of pride, scorn, or resentment; to assume a lofty manner; -- usually with up.
Brodekin (n.) A buskin or half-boot.
Buddha (n.) The title of an incarnation of self-abnegation, virtue, and wisdom, or a deified religious teacher of the Buddhists, esp. Gautama Siddartha or Sakya Sinha (or Muni), the founder of Buddhism.
Bundle (v. i.) To sleep on the same bed without undressing; -- applied to the custom of a man and woman, especially lovers, thus sleeping.
Burden (n.) The tops or heads of stream-work which lie over the stream of tin.
Candlepin (n.) The game played with such pins; -- in form candlepins, used as a singular.
Candelabrum (n.) A highly ornamented stand of marble or other ponderous material, usually having three feet, -- frequently a votive offering to a temple.
Candlefish (n.) A marine fish (Thaleichthys Pacificus), allied to the smelt, found on the north Pacific coast; -- called also eulachon. It is so oily that, when dried, it may be used as a candle, by drawing a wick through it
Candlemas (n.) The second day of February, on which is celebrated the feast of the Purification of the Virgin Mary; -- so called because the candles for the altar or other sacred uses are blessed on that day.
Card (n.) A perforated pasteboard or sheet-metal plate for warp threads, making part of the Jacquard apparatus of a loom. See Jacquard.
Card (n.) An instrument for disentangling and arranging the fibers of cotton, wool, flax, etc.; or for cleaning and smoothing the hair of animals; -- usually consisting of bent wire teeth set closely in rows in a thick piece of leather fastened to a back.
Cardamine (n.) A genus of cruciferous plants, containing the lady's-smock, cuckooflower, bitter cress, meadow cress, etc.
Cardoon (n.) A large herbaceous plant (Cynara Cardunculus) related to the artichoke; -- used in cookery and as a salad.
Caudal (a.) Of the nature of, or pertaining to, a tail; having a tail-like appendage.
Cold (n.) Distant; -- said, in the game of hunting for some object, of a seeker remote from the thing concealed.
Condemn (v. t.) To pronounce a judicial sentence against; to sentence to punishment, suffering, or loss; to doom; -- with to before the penalty.
Condemn (v. t.) To amerce or fine; -- with in before the penalty.
Condisciple (n.) A schoolfellow; a fellow-student.
Condition (n.) A clause in a contract, or agreement, which has for its object to suspend, to defeat, or in some way to modify, the principal obligation; or, in case of a will, to suspend, revoke, or modify a devise or bequest. It is also the case of a future uncertain event, which may or may not happen, and on the occurrence or non-occurrence of which, the accomplishment, recission, or modification of an obligation or testamentary disposition is made to depend.
Condole (v. i.) To express sympathetic sorrow; to grieve in sympathy; -- followed by with.
Condone (v. t.) To pardon; to overlook the offense of; esp., to forgive for a violation of the marriage law; -- said of either the husband or the wife.
Conduce (n.) To lead or tend, esp. with reference to a favorable or desirable result; to contribute; -- usually followed by to or toward.
Conduct (n.) To behave; -- with the reflexive; as, he conducted himself well.
Conduplicate (a.) Folded lengthwise along the midrib, the upper face being within; -- said of leaves or petals in vernation or aestivation.
Condyle (n.) A bony prominence; particularly, an eminence at the end of a bone bearing a rounded articular surface; -- sometimes applied also to a concave articular surface.
Cord (n.) A solid measure, equivalent to 128 cubic feet; a pile of wood, or other coarse material, eight feet long, four feet high, and four feet broad; -- originally measured with a cord or Cordate (a.) Heart-shaped; as, a cordate leaf.
Cordelier (n.) A Franciscan; -- so called in France from the girdle of knotted cord worn by all Franciscans.
Cordoform (a.) Heart-shaped.
Cradle (n.) A machine on rockers, used in washing out auriferous earth; -- also called a rocker.
Credendum (n.) A thing to be believed; an article of faith; -- distinguished from agendum, a practical duty.
Credit (n.) Trust given or received; expectation of future playment for property transferred, or of fulfillment or promises given; mercantile reputation entitling one to be trusted; -- applied to individuals, corporations, communities, or nations; as, to buy goods on credit.
Credit (n.) The side of an account on which are entered all items reckoned as values received from the party or the category named at the head of the account; also, any one, or the sum, of these items; -- the opposite of debit; as, this sum is carried to one's credit, and that to his debit; A has several credits on the books of B.
Creditor (n.) One who gives credit in business matters; hence, one to whom money is due; -- correlative to debtor.
Crude (superl.) Not reduced to order or form; unfinished; not arranged or prepared; ill-considered; immature.
Daedalous (a.) Having a variously cut or incised margin; -- said of leaves.
Dandelion (n.) A well-known plant of the genus Taraxacum (T. officinale, formerly called T. Dens-leonis and Leontodos Taraxacum) bearing large, yellow, compound flowers, and deeply notched leaves.
Dandie (n.) One of a breed of small terriers; -- called also Dandie Dinmont.
Dandiprat (n.) A little fellow; -- in sport or contempt.
Dandy (n.) A small sail carried at or near the stern of small boats; -- called also jigger, and mizzen.
Dead (a.) Carrying no current, or producing no useful effect; -- said of a conductor in a dynamo or motor, also of a telegraph wire which has no instrument attached and, therefore, is not in use.
Dead (a.) Out of play; regarded as out of the game; -- said of a ball, a piece, or a player under certain conditions in cricket, baseball, checkers, and some other games.
Dead (a.) Deprived of life; -- opposed to alive and living; reduced to that state of a being in which the organs of motion and life have irrevocably ceased to perform their functions; as, a dead tree; a dead man.
Dead (a.) Flat; without gloss; -- said of painting which has been applied purposely to have this effect.
Dead (n.) One who is dead; -- commonly used collectively.
Deadbeat (a.) Making a beat without recoil; giving indications by a single beat or excursion; -- said of galvanometers and other instruments in which the needle or index moves to the extent of its deflection and stops with little or no further oscillation.
Deed (v. t.) That which is done or effected by a responsible agent; an act; an action; a thing done; -- a word of extensive application, including, whatever is done, good or bad, great or small.
Deed (v. t.) Fact; reality; -- whence we have indeed.
Deed (v. t.) Performance; -- followed by of.
Diadem (n.) Regal power; sovereignty; empire; -- considered as symbolized by the crown.
Disdiapason (n.) An interval of two octaves, or a fifteenth; -- called also bisdiapason.
Doldrums (n. pl.) A part of the ocean near the equator, abounding in calms, squalls, and light, baffling winds, which sometimes prevent all progress for weeks; -- so called by sailors.
Dowdy (superl.) Showing a vulgar taste in dress; awkward and slovenly in dress; vulgar-looking.
Dredger (n.) A box with holes in its lid; -- used for sprinkling flour, as on meat or a breadboard; -- called also dredging box, drudger, and drudging box.
Drudge (v. t.) To consume laboriously; -- with away.
Duodecimo (n.) A book consisting of sheets each of which is folded into twelve leaves; hence, indicating, more or less definitely, a size of a book; -- usually written 12mo or 12?.
Emodin (n.) An orange-red crystalEmyd (n.) A fresh-water tortoise of the family Emydidae.
Emydea (n. pl.) A group of chelonians which comprises many species of fresh-water tortoises and terrapins.
Epideictic (a.) Serving to show forth, explain, or exhibit; -- applied by the Greeks to a kind of oratory, which, by full amplification, seeks to persuade.
Epidemical (a.) Common to, or affecting at the same time, a large number in a community; -- applied to a disease which, spreading widely, attacks many persons at the same time; as, an epidemic disease; an epidemic catarrh, fever, etc. See Endemic.
Epode (n.) The after song; the part of a lyric ode which follows the strophe and antistrophe, -- the ancient ode being divided into strophe, antistrophe, and epode.
Erode (v. t.) To produce by erosion, or wearing away; as, glaciers erode U-shaped valleys.
Esodic (a.) Conveying impressions from the surface of the body to the spinal cord; -- said of certain nerves. Opposed to exodic.
Evade (v. t.) To escape; to slip away; -- sometimes with from.
Evidence (n.) That which is legally submitted to competent tribunal, as a means of ascertaining the truth of any alleged matter of fact under investigation before it; means of making proof; -- the latter, strictly speaking, not being synonymous with evidence, but rather the effect of it.
Exedra (n.) Any out-of-door seat in stone, large enough for several persons; esp., one of curved form.
Exodic (a.) Conducting influences from the spinal cord outward; -- said of the motor or efferent nerves. Opposed to esodic.
Eyed (a.) Heaving (such or so many) eyes; -- used in composition; as sharp-eyed; dull-eyed; sad-eyed; ox-eyed Juno; myriad-eyed.
Faldage (n.) A privilege of setting up, and moving about, folds for sheep, in any fields within manors, in order to manure them; -- often reserved to himself by the lord of the manor.
Falding (n.) A frieze or rough-napped cloth.
Fandango (n.) A lively dance, in 3-8 or 6-8 time, much practiced in Spain and Spanish America. Also, the tune to which it is danced.
Fard (v. t.) To paint; -- said esp. of one's face.
Feldspath (n.) A name given to a group of minerals, closely related in crystalFend (v. t.) To keep off; to prevent from entering or hitting; to ward off; to shut out; -- often with off; as, to fend off blows.
Fiddle (n.) A kind of dock (Rumex pulcher) with fiddle-shaped leaves; -- called also fiddle dock.
Fiddler (n.) A burrowing crab of the genus Gelasimus, of many species. The male has one claw very much enlarged, and often holds it in a position similar to that in which a musician holds a fiddle, hence the name; -- called also calling crab, soldier crab, and fighting crab.
Fiddler (n.) The common European sandpiper (Tringoides hypoleucus); -- so called because it continually oscillates its body.
Fondu (a.) Blending; passing into each other by subtle gradations; -- said of colors or of the surface or material on which the colors are laid.
Fold (v.) Times or repetitions; -- used with numerals, chiefly in composition, to denote multiplication or increase in a geometrical ratio, the doubling, tripling, etc., of anything; as, fourfold, four times, increased in a quadruple ratio, multiplied by four.
Fond (superl.) Foolishly tender and loving; weakly indulgent; over-affectionate.
Fond (superl.) Affectionate; loving; tender; -- in a good sense; as, a fond mother or wife.
Fond (superl.) Loving; much pleased; affectionately regardful, indulgent, or desirous; longing or yearning; -- followed by of (formerly also by on).
Fred (n.) Peace; -- a word used in composition, especially in proper names; as, Alfred; Frederic.
Fund (n.) The stock of a national debt; public securities; evidences (stocks or bonds) of money lent to government, for which interest is paid at prescribed intervals; -- called also public funds.
Gaidic (a.) Pertaining to hypogeic acid; -- applied to an acid obtained from hypogeic acid.
Gardant (a.) Turning the head towards the spectator, but not the body; -- said of a lion or other beast.
Garden (n.) A rich, well-cultivated spot or tract of country.
Gardenia (n.) A genus of plants, some species of which produce beautiful and fragrant flowers; Cape jasmine; -- so called in honor of Dr. Alexander Garden.
Gelding (v. t.) A castrated animal; -- usually applied to a horse, but formerly used also of the human male.
Geodephagous (a.) Living in the earth; -- applied to the ground beetles.
Girdle (n.) The Glad (superl.) Pleased; joyous; happy; cheerful; gratified; -- opposed to sorry, sorrowful, or unhappy; -- said of persons, and often followed by of, at, that, or by the infinitive, and sometimes by with, introducing the cause or reason.
Gladen (n.) Sword grass; any plant with sword-shaped leaves, esp. the European Iris foetidissima.
Gladeye (n.) The European yellow-hammer.
Gladiate (a.) Sword-shaped; resembling a sword in form, as the leaf of the iris, or of the gladiolus.
Gladiole (n.) A lilylike plant, of the genus Gladiolus; -- called also corn flag.
Gladstone (n.) A four-wheeled pleasure carriage with two inside seats, calash top, and seats for driver and footman.
Goody (a.) Weakly or sentimentally good; affectedly good; -- often in the reduplicated form goody-goody.
Goldcrest (n.) The European golden-crested kinglet (Regulus cristatus, or R. regulus); -- called also golden-crested wren, and golden wren. The name is also sometimes applied to the American golden-crested kinglet. See Kinglet.
Goldfinch (n.) A beautiful bright-colored European finch (Carduelis elegans). The name refers to the large patch of yellow on the wings. The front of the head and throat are bright red; the nape, with part of the wings and tail, black; -- called also goldspink, goldie, fool's coat, drawbird, draw-water, thistle finch, and sweet William.
Goldfinch (n.) The yellow-hammer.
Goldfinny (n.) One of two or more species of European labroid fishes (Crenilabrus melops, and Ctenolabrus rupestris); -- called also goldsinny, and goldney.
Goldfish (n.) A small domesticated cyprinoid fish (Carassius auratus); -- so named from its color. It is native of China, and is said to have been introduced into Europe in 1691. It is often kept as an ornament, in small ponds or glass globes. Many varieties are known. Called also golden fish, and golden carp. See Telescope fish, under Telescope.
Goldseed (n.) Dog's-tail grass.
Goldylocks (n.) A plant of several species of the genus Chrysocoma; -- so called from the tufts of yellow flowers which terminate the stems; also, the Ranunculus auricomus, a kind of buttercup.
Gondola (n.) A flat-bottomed boat for freight.
Good (superl.) Possessing moral excellence or virtue; virtuous; pious; religious; -- said of persons or actions.
Good (superl.) Kind; benevolent; humane; merciful; gracious; polite; propitious; friendly; well-disposed; -- often followed by to or toward, also formerly by unto.
Good (superl.) Serviceable; suited; adapted; suitable; of use; to be relied upon; -- followed especially by for.
Good (superl.) Clever; skillful; dexterous; ready; handy; -- followed especially by at.
Good (n.) That which possesses desirable qualities, promotes success, welfare, or happiness, is serviceable, fit, excellent, kind, benevolent, etc.; -- opposed to evil.
Good (n.) Advancement of interest or happiness; welfare; prosperity; advantage; benefit; -- opposed to harm, etc.
Good (n.) Wares; commodities; chattels; -- formerly used in the singular in a collective sense. In law, a comprehensive name for almost all personal property as distinguished from land or real property.
Good (adv.) Well, -- especially in the phrase as good, with a following as expressed or implied; equally well with as much advantage or as little harm as possible.
Goodman (n.) A familiar appellation of civility, equivalent to "My friend", "Good sir", "Mister;" -- sometimes used ironically.
Goodman (n.) A husband; the master of a house or family; -- often used in speaking familiarly.
Goody (n.) A bonbon, cake, or the like; -- usually in the pl.
Goody (n.) Goodwife; -- a low term of civility or sport.
Gordius (n.) A genus of long, slender, nematoid worms, parasitic in insects until near maturity, when they leave the insect, and live in water, in which they deposit their eggs; -- called also hair eel, hairworm, and hair snake, from the absurd, but common and widely diffused, notion that they are metamorphosed horsehairs.
Gowdnook (n.) The saury pike; -- called also gofnick.
Gradatory (a.) Suitable for walking; -- said of the limbs of an animal when adapted for walking on land.
Grade (n.) The rate of ascent or descent; gradient; deviation from a level surface to an incGraduated (a.) Tapered; -- said of a bird's tail when the outer feathers are shortest, and the others successively longer.
Grudge (v. t.) To look upon with desire to possess or to appropriate; to envy (one) the possession of; to begrudge; to covet; to give with reluctance; to desire to get back again; -- followed by the direct object only, or by both the direct and indirect objects.
Guidguid (n.) A South American ant bird of the genus Hylactes; -- called also barking bird.
Hagdon (n.) One of several species of sea birds of the genus Puffinus; esp., P. major, the greater shearwarter, and P. Stricklandi, the black hagdon or sooty shearwater; -- called also hagdown, haglin, and hag. See Shearwater.
Haidingerite (n.) A mineral consisting of the arseniate of lime; -- so named in honor of W. Haidinger, of Vienna.
Hand (n.) A measure equal to a hand's breadth, -- four inches; a palm. Chiefly used in measuring the height of horses.
Hand (n.) Personal possession; ownership; hence, control; direction; management; -- usually in the plural.
Hand (v. t.) To furl; -- said of a sail.
Handcuff (n.) A fastening, consisting of an iron ring around the wrist, usually connected by a chain with one on the other wrist; a manacle; -- usually in the plural.
Handsome (superl.) Dexterous; skillful; handy; ready; convenient; -- applied to things as persons.
Handsome (superl.) Agreeable to the eye or to correct taste; having a pleasing appearance or expression; attractive; having symmetry and dignity; comely; -- expressing more than pretty, and less than beautiful; as, a handsome man or woman; a handsome garment, house, tree, horse.
Handy (superl.) Easily managed; obedient to the helm; -- said of a vessel.
Hard (superl.) Not easily penetrated, cut, or separated into parts; not yielding to pressure; firm; solid; compact; -- applied to material bodies, and opposed to soft; as, hard wood; hard flesh; a hard apple.
Hard (superl.) Abrupt or explosive in utterance; not aspirated, sibilated, or pronounced with a gradual change of the organs from one position to another; -- said of certain consonants, as c in came, and g in go, as distinguished from the same letters in center, general, etc.
Hardness (n.) The cohesion of the particles on the surface of a body, determined by its capacity to scratch another, or be itself scratched;-measured among minerals on a scale of which diamond and talc form the extremes.
Headwater (n.) The source and upper part of a stream; -- commonly used in the plural; as, the headwaters of the Missouri.
Head (n.) Each one among many; an individual; -- often used in a plural sense; as, a thousand head of cattle.
Headborrow (n.) The chief of a frankpledge, tithing, or decennary, consisting of ten families; -- called also borsholder, boroughhead, boroughholder, and sometimes tithingman. See Borsholder.
Headed (a.) Furnished with a head (commonly as denoting intellectual faculties); -- used in composition; as, clear-headed, long-headed, thick-headed; a many-headed monster.
Headstock (n.) The part of a lathe that holds the revolving spindle and its attachments; -- also called poppet head, the opposite corresponding part being called a tailstock.
Hecdecane (n.) A white, semisolid, spermaceti-like hydrocarbon, C16H34, of the paraffin series, found dissolved as an important ingredient of kerosene, and so called because each molecule has sixteen atoms of carbon; -- called also hexadecane.
Heddle (v. t.) To draw (the warp thread) through the heddle-eyes, in weaving.
Heed (n.) Attention; notice; observation; regard; -- often with give or take.
Hendecane (n.) A hydrocarbon, C11H24, of the paraffin series; -- so called because it has eleven atoms of carbon in each molecule. Called also endecane, undecane.
Herd (n.) One who herds or assembles domestic animals; a herdsman; -- much used in composition; as, a shepherd; a goatherd, and the like.
Herdbook (n.) A book containing the list and pedigrees of one or more herds of choice breeds of cattle; -- also called herd record, or herd register.
Herdic (n.) A kind of low-hung cab.
Heydeguy (n.) A kind of country-dance or round.
Hiddenite (n.) An emerald-green variety of spodumene found in North Carolina; lithia emerald, -- used as a gem.
Hind (n.) A spotted food fish of the genus Epinephelus, as E. apua of Bermuda, and E. Drummond-hayi of Florida; -- called also coney, John Paw, spotted hind.
Hind (a.) In the rear; -- opposed to front; of or pertaining to the part or end which follows or is behind, in opposition to the part which leads or is before; as, the hind legs or hind feet of a quadruped; the hind man in a procession.
Hinder (a.) To keep back or behind; to prevent from starting or moving forward; to check; to retard; to obstruct; to bring to a full stop; -- often followed by from; as, an accident hindered the coach; drought hinders the growth of plants; to hinder me from going.
Hinderest (a.) Hindermost; -- superl. of Hind, a.
Hold (n. i.) Not to more; to halt; to stop;-mostly in the imperative.
Hold (n. i.) Not to fall away, desert, or prove recreant; to remain attached; to cleave;-often with with, to, or for.
Hold (n. i.) To derive right or title; -- generally with of.
Hold (n.) The act of holding, as in or with the hands or arms; the manner of holding, whether firm or loose; seizure; grasp; clasp; gripe; possession; -- often used with the verbs take and lay.
Hold (n.) A place of security; a fortified place; a fort; a castle; -- often called a stronghold.
Hold (n.) A character [thus /] placed over or under a note or rest, and indicating that it is to be prolonged; -- called also pause, and corona.
Holdfast (n.) Something used to secure and hold in place something else, as a long fiat-headed nail, a catch a hook, a clinch, a clamp, etc.; hence, a support.
Hood (n.) The hood-shaped upper petal of some flowers, as of monkshood; -- called also helmet.
Hood (v. t.) To cover with a hood; to furnish with a hood or hood-shaped appendage.
Hooded (a.) Hood-shaped; esp. (Bot.), rolled up like a cornet of paper; cuculate, as the spethe of the Indian turnip.
Hooded (a.) Having the head conspicuously different in color from the rest of the plumage; -- said of birds.
Hoodman (n.) The person blindfolded in the game called hoodman-blind.
Hued (a.) Having color; -- usually in composition; as, bright-hued; many-hued.
Hurden (n.) A coarse kind of Ibidem (adv.) In the same place; -- abbreviated ibid. or ib. Icequake (n.) The crash or concussion attending the breaking up of masses of ice, -- often due to contraction from extreme cold.
Imide (n.) A compound with, or derivative of, the imido group; specif., a compound of one or more acid radicals with the imido group, or with a monamine; hence, also, a derivative of ammonia, in which two atoms of hydrogen have been replaced by divalent basic or acid radicals; -- frequently used as a combining form; as, succinimide.
Iridescence (n.) Exhibition of colors like those of the rainbow; the quality or state of being iridescent; a prismatic play of color; as, the iridescence of mother-of-pearl.
Iridic (a.) Of or pertaining to iridium; -- said specifically of those compounds in which iridium has a relatively high valence.
Iridious (a.) Of or pertaining to iridium; -- applied specifically to compounds in which iridium has a low valence.
Iridium (n.) A rare metallic element, of the same group as platinum, which it much resembles, being silver-white, but harder, and brittle, and indifferent to most corrosive agents. With the exception of osmium, it is the heaviest substance known, its specific gravity being 22.4. Symbol Ir. Atomic weight 192.5.
IridoIsodiametric (a.) Developed alike in the directions of the several lateral axes; -- said of crystals of both the tetragonal and hexagonal systems.
Isodiametric (a.) Having the several diameters nearly equal; -- said of the cells of ordinary parenchyma.
Kand (n.) Fluor spar; -- so called by Cornish miners.
Kendal () A cloth colored green by dye obtained from the woad-waxen, formerly used by Flemish weavers at Kendal, in Westmoreland, England.
Khedive (n.) A governor or viceroy; -- a title granted in 1867 by the sultan of Turkey to the ruler of Egypt.
Kilderkin (n.) A small barrel; an old liquid measure containing eighteen English beer gallons, or nearly twenty-two gallons, United States measure.
Kindergarten (n.) A school for young children, conducted on the theory that education should be begun by gratifying and cultivating the normal aptitude for exercise, play, observation, imitation, and construction; -- a name given by Friedrich Froebel, a German educator, who introduced this method of training, in rooms opening on a garden.
Land (n.) The solid part of the surface of the earth; -- opposed to water as constituting a part of such surface, especially to oceans and seas; as, to sight land after a long voyage.
Land (n.) The lap of the strakes in a clinker-built boat; the lap of plates in an iron vessel; -- called also landing.
Landau (n.) A four-wheeled covered vehicle, the top of which is divided into two sections which can be let down, or thrown back, in such a manner as to make an open carriage.
Landlocked (a.) Confined to a fresh-water lake by reason of waterfalls or dams; -- said of fishes that would naturally seek the sea, after spawning; as, the landlocked salmon.
Landlubber (n.) One who passes his life on land; -- so called among seamen in contempt or ridicule.
Landman (n.) A man who lives or serves on land; -- opposed to seaman.
Landsman (n.) One who lives on the land; -- opposed to seaman.
Laud (v. i.) A part of divine worship, consisting chiefly of praise; -- usually in the pl.
Lead (n.) In an internal-combustion engine, the distance, measured in actual length of piston stroke or the corresponding angular displacement of the crank, of the piston from the end of the compression stroke when ignition takes place; -- called in full lead of the ignition. When ignition takes place during the working stroke the corresponding distance from the commencement of the stroke is called negative lead.
Lead (n.) The angle between the Lead (v. i.) To guide or conduct, as by accompanying, going before, showing, influencing, directing with authority, etc.; to have precedence or preeminence; to be first or chief; -- used in most of the senses of lead, v. t.
Leadhillite (n.) A mineral of a yellowish or greenish white color, consisting of the sulphate and carbonate of lead; -- so called from having been first found at Leadhills, Scotland.
Leadwort (n.) A genus of maritime herbs (Plumbago). P. Europaea has lead-colored spots on the leaves, and nearly lead-colored flowers.
Lend (v. t.) To allow the custody and use of, on condition of the return of the same; to grant the temporary use of; as, to lend a book; -- opposed to borrow.
Lindiform (a.) Resembling the genus Lindia; -- said of certain apodous insect larvae.
Liederkranz (n.) Lit., wreath of songs; -- used as the title of a group of songs, and esp. as the common name for German vocal clubs of men.
Lord (n.) A hump-backed person; -- so called sportively.
Lord (v. i.) To play the lord; to domineer; to rule with arbitrary or despotic sway; -- sometimes with over; and sometimes with it in the manner of a transitive verb.
Luddite (n.) One of a number of riotous persons in England, who for six years (1811-17) tried to prevent the use of labor-saving machinery by breaking it, burning factories, etc.; -- so called from Ned Lud, a half-witted man who some years previously had broken stocking frames.
Magdala (a.) Designating an orange-red dyestuff obtained from naphthylamine, and called magdala red, naphthalene red, etc.
Maiden (a.) Never having been married; not having had sexual intercourse; virgin; -- said usually of the woman, but sometimes of the man; as, a maiden aunt.
Maiden (v. t.) To act coyly like a maiden; -- with it as an indefinite object.
Maidenhair (n.) A fern of the genus Adiantum (A. pedatum), having very slender graceful stalks. It is common in the United States, and is sometimes used in medicine. The name is also applied to other species of the same genus, as to the Venus-hair.
Maidenly (a.) Like a maid; suiting a maid; maiden-like; gentle, modest, reserved.
Mandarin (n.) A small orange, with easily separable rind. It is thought to be of Chinese origin, and is counted a distinct species (Citrus nobilis)mandarin orange; tangerine --.
Mandelic (a.) Pertaining to an acid first obtained from benzoic aldehyde (oil of better almonds), as a white crystalMandible (n.) The bone, or principal bone, of the lower jaw; the inferior maxilla; -- also applied to either the upper or the lower jaw in the beak of birds.
Mandibuliform (a.) Having the form of a mandible; -- said especially of the maxillae of an insect when hard and adapted for biting.
Mandore (n.) A kind of four-stringed lute.
Maud (n.) A gray plaid; -- used by shepherds in Scotland.
Mayduke (n.) A large dark-red cherry of excellent quality.
Mazdean (a.) Of or pertaining to Ahura-Mazda, or Ormuzd, the beneficent deity in the Zoroastrian dualistic system; hence, Zoroastrian.
Meadowwort (n.) The name of several plants of the genus Spiraea, especially the white- or pink-flowered S. salicifolia, a low European and American shrub, and the herbaceous S. Ulmaria, which has fragrant white flowers in compound cymes.
Meddle (v. i.) To interest or engage one's self; to have to do; -- / a good sense.
Meddle (v. i.) To interest or engage one's self unnecessarily or impertinently, to interfere or busy one's self improperly with another's affairs; specifically, to handle or distrub another's property without permission; -- often followed by with or in.
Mend (v. t.) To repair, as anything that is torn, broken, defaced, decayed, or the like; to restore from partial decay, injury, or defacement; to patch up; to put in shape or order again; to re-create; as, to mend a garment or a machine.
Midden (n.) An accumulation of refuse about a dwelling place; especially, an accumulation of shells or of cinders, bones, and other refuse on the supposed site of the dwelling places of prehistoric tribes, -- as on the shores of the Baltic Sea and in many other places. See Kitchen middens.
Middleman (n.) An agent between two parties; a broker; a go-between; any dealer between the producer and the consumer; in Ireland, one who takes land of the proprietors in large tracts, and then rents it out in small portions to the peasantry.
Middlings (n. pl.) A combination of the coarser parts of ground wheat the finest bran, separated from the fine flour and coarse bran in bolting; -- formerly regarded as valuable only for feed; but now, after separation of the bran, used for making the best quality of flour. Middlings contain a large proportion of gluten.
Middlings (n. pl.) In the southern and western parts of the United States, the portion of the hog between the ham and the shoulder; bacon; -- called also middles.
Mild (superl.) Gentle; pleasant; kind; soft; bland; clement; hence, moderate in degree or quality; -- the opposite of harsh, severe, irritating, violent, disagreeable, etc.; -- applied to persons and things; as, a mild disposition; a mild eye; a mild air; a mild medicine; a mild insanity.
Mind (v.) The intellectual or rational faculty in man; the understanding; the intellect; the power that conceives, judges, or reasons; also, the entire spiritual nature; the soul; -- often in distinction from the body.
Misdemean (v. t.) To behave ill; -- with a reflexive pronoun; as, to misdemean one's self.
Mundic (n.) Iron pyrites, or arsenical pyrites; -- so called by the Cornish miners.
Murderer (n.) A small cannon, formerly used for clearing a ship's decks of boarders; -- called also murdering piece.
Naid (n.) Any one of numerous species of small, fresh-water, chaetopod annelids of the tribe Naidina. They belong to the Oligochaeta.
Nardoo (n.) An Australian name for Marsilea Drummondii, a four-leaved cryptogamous plant, sometimes used for food.
Needle (n.) A small instrument of steel, sharply pointed at one end, with an eye to receive a thread, -- used in sewing.
Needle (n.) One of the needle-shaped secondary leaves of pine trees. See Pinus.
Needlebook (n.) A book-shaped needlecase, having leaves of cloth into which the needles are stuck.
Needlefish (n.) The European great pipefich (Siphostoma, / Syngnathus, acus); -- called also earl, and tanglefish.
Needs (adv.) Of necessity; necessarily; indispensably; -- often with must, and equivalent to of need.
Neodymium (n.) A rare metallic element occurring in combination with cerium, lanthanum, and other rare metals, and forming amethyst-colored salts. It was separated in 1885 by von Welsbach from praseodymium, the two having previously been regarded as a single element (didymium). It is chiefly trivalent. Symbol Nd; at. wt. 144.3.
Noddle (n.) The head; -- used jocosely or contemptuously.
Noddy (n.) A small two-wheeled one-horse vehicle.
Noddy (n.) An inverted pendulum consisting of a short vertical flat spring which supports a rod having a bob at the top; -- used for detecting and measuring slight horizontal vibrations of a body to which it is attached.
Nondecane (n.) A hydrocarbon of the paraffin series, a white waxy substance, C19H40; -- so called from the number of carbon atoms in the molecule.
Nuddle (v. i.) To walk quickly with the head bent forward; -- often with along.
Opodeldoc (n.) A kind of plaster, said to have been invented by Mindererus, -- used for external injuries.
Oxidator (n.) A contrivance for causing a current of air to impinge on the flame of the Argand lamp; -- called also oxygenator.
Oxidize (v. t.) To subject to the action of oxygen or of an oxidizing agent, so as to bring to a higher grade, as an -ous compound to an -ic compound; as, to oxidize mercurous chloride to mercuric chloride.
Oxidulated (a.) Existing in the state of a protoxide; -- said of an oxide.
Paddle (v. i.) A small gate in sluices or lock gates to admit or let off water; -- also called clough.
Paddle (v. i.) A paddle-shaped foot, as of the sea turtle.
Paddle (v. i.) A paddle-shaped implement for string or mixing.
Paddlefish (n.) A large ganoid fish (Polyodon spathula) found in the rivers of the Mississippi Valley. It has a long spatula-shaped snout. Called also duck-billed cat, and spoonbill sturgeon.
Paddy (n.) Unhusked rice; -- commonly so called in the East Indies.
Paedogenetic (a.) Producing young while in the immature or larval state; -- said of certain insects, etc.
Pandora (n.) A beautiful woman (all-gifted), whom Jupiter caused Vulcan to make out of clay in order to punish the human race, because Prometheus had stolen the fire from heaven. Jupiter gave Pandora a box containing all human ills, which, when the box was opened, escaped and spread over the earth. Hope alone remained in the box. Another version makes the box contain all the blessings of the gods, which were lost to men when Pandora opened it.
Pandour (n.) One of a class of Hungarian mountaineers serving in the Austrian army; -- so called from Pandur, a principal town in the region from which they originally came.
Panduriform (a.) Obovate, with a concavity in each side, like the body of a violin; fiddle-shaped; as, a panduriform leaf; panduriform color markings of an animal.
Pardon (v. t.) To absolve from the consequences of a fault or the punishment of crime; to free from penalty; -- applied to the offender.
Pardon (v. t.) To remit the penalty of; to suffer to pass without punishment; to forgive; -- applied to offenses.
Pardonable (a.) Admitting of pardon; not requiring the excution of penalty; venial; excusable; -- applied to the offense or to the offender; as, a pardonable fault, or culprit.
Pendice (n.) A sloping roof; a lean-to; a penthouse.
Pendragon (n.) A chief leader or a king; a head; a dictator; -- a title assumed by the ancient British chiefs when called to lead other chiefs.
Perdifoil (n.) A deciduous plant; -- opposed to evergreen.
Piddle (v. i.) To urinate; -- child's word.
Piddling (a.) Trifling; trivial; frivolous; paltry; -- applied to persons and things.
Pied (a.) Variegated with spots of different colors; party-colored; spotted; piebald.
Pindar (n.) The peanut (Arachis hypogaea); -- so called in the West Indies.
Pledgor (n.) One who pledges, or delivers anything in pledge; a pledger; -- opposed to pledgee.
Poldway (n.) A kind of coarse bagging, -- used for coal sacks.
Ponder (v. i.) To think; to deliberate; to muse; -- usually followed by on or over.
Ponderal (a.) Estimated or ascertained by weight; -- distinguished from numeral; as, a ponderal drachma.
Pondfish (n.) Any one of numerous species of American fresh-water fishes belonging to the family Centrarchidae; -- called also pond perch, and sunfish.
Pondweed (n.) Any aquatic plant of the genus Potamogeton, of which many species are found in ponds or slow-moving rivers.
Pood (n.) A Russian weight, equal to forty Russian pounds or about thirty-six English pounds avoirdupois.
Predesignate (a.) A term used by Sir William Hamilton to define propositions having their quantity indicated by a verbal sign; as, all, none, etc.; -- contrasted with preindesignate, defining propositions of which the quantity is not so indicated.
Predisposition (n.) The act of predisposing, or the state of being predisposed; previous inclination, tendency, or propensity; predilection; -- applied to the mind; as, a predisposition to anger.
Predisposition (n.) Previous fitness or adaptation to any change, impression, or purpose; susceptibility; -- applied to material things; as, the predisposition of the body to disease.
Pride (n.) A small European lamprey (Petromyzon branchialis); -- called also prid, and sandpiper.
Pride (n.) The quality or state of being proud; inordinate self-esteem; an unreasonable conceit of one's own superiority in talents, beauty, wealth, rank, etc., which manifests itself in lofty airs, distance, reserve, and often in contempt of others.
Pride (n.) A sense of one's own worth, and abhorrence of what is beneath or unworthy of one; lofty self-respect; noble self-esteem; elevation of character; dignified bearing; proud delight; -- in a good sense.
Pride (n.) That of which one is proud; that which excites boasting or self-gratulation; the occasion or ground of self-esteem, or of arrogant and presumptuous confidence, as beauty, ornament, noble character, children, etc.
Pride (v. t.) To indulge in pride, or self-esteem; to rate highly; to plume; -- used reflexively.
Prod (n.) A light kind of crossbow; -- in the sense, often spelled prodd.
Prodigality (n.) Extravagance in expenditure, particularly of money; excessive liberality; profusion; waste; -- opposed to frugality, economy, and parsimony.
Prodromus (n.) A preliminary course or publication; -- used esp. in the titles of elementary works.
Produce (v. t.) To extend; -- applied to a Prudent (a.) Sagacious in adapting means to ends; circumspect in action, or in determining any Prudential (n.) That which relates to or demands the exercise of, discretion or prudence; -- usually in the pl.
Puddening (n.) A quantity of rope-yarn, or the like, placed, as a fender, on the bow of a boat.
Quadrable (a.) That may be sqyared, or reduced to an equivalent square; -- said of a surface when the area limited by a curve can be exactly found, and expressed in a finite number of algebraic terms.
Quadragesimals (n. pl.) Offerings formerly made to the mother church of a diocese on Mid-Lent Sunday.
Quadrant (n.) One of the four parts into which a plane is divided by the coordinate axes. The upper right-hand part is the first quadrant; the upper left-hand part the second; the lower left-hand part the third; and the lower right-hand part the fourth quadrant.
Quadrantal (n.) A cubical vessel containing a Roman cubic foot, each side being a Roman square foot; -- used as a measure.
Quadrat (n.) A block of type metal lower than the letters, -- used in spacing and in blank Quadrat (n.) An old instrument used for taking altitudes; -- called also geometrical square, and Quadrate (a.) To square; to agree; to suit; to correspond; -- followed by with.
Quadrifoliate (a.) Four-leaved; having the leaves in whorls of four.
Quadrillion (n.) According to the French notation, which is followed also upon the Continent and in the United States, a unit with fifteen ciphers annexed; according to the English notation, the number produced by involving a million to the fourth power, or the number represented by a unit with twenty-four ciphers annexed. See the Note under Numeration.
Quadripennate (a.) Having four wings; -- said of insects.
Quadrisyllabic () Alt. of Quadri-syllabical
Quadrivalent (a.) Having a valence of four; capable of combining with, being replaced by, or compared with, four monad atoms; tetravalent; -- said of certain atoms and radicals; thus, carbon and silicon are quadrivalent elements.
Quadrivalve (a.) Dehiscent into four similar parts; four-valved; as, a quadrivalve pericarp.
Quadrivium (n.) The four "liberal arts," arithmetic, music, geometry, and astronomy; -- so called by the schoolmen. See Trivium.
Quadroon (n.) The offspring of a mulatto and a white person; a person quarter-blooded.
Quadrumana (n. pl.) A division of the Primates comprising the apes and monkeys; -- so called because the hind foot is usually prehensile, and the great toe opposable somewhat like a thumb. Formerly the Quadrumana were considered an order distinct from the Bimana, which last included man alone.
Quadruped (n.) An animal having four feet, as most mammals and reptiles; -- often restricted to the mammals.
Quid (v. t.) To drop from the mouth, as food when partially chewed; -- said of horses.
Raddle (n.) A hedge or fence made with raddles; -- called also raddle hedge.
Random (n.) A roving motion; course without definite direction; want of direction, rule, or method; hazard; chance; -- commonly used in the phrase at random, that is, without a settled point of direction; at hazard.
Random (n.) The direction of a rake-vein.
Readdress (v. t.) To address a second time; -- often used reflexively.
Ready (superl.) On the point; about; on the brink; near; -- with a following infinitive.
Ready (n.) Ready money; cash; -- commonly with the; as, he was well supplied with the ready.
Reedbird (n.) One of several small Asiatic singing birds of the genera Sch/nicola and Eurycercus; -- called also reed babbler.
Reeding (n.) A small convex molding; a reed (see Illust. (i) of Molding); one of several set close together to decorate a surface; also, decoration by means of reedings; -- the reverse of fluting.
Reeding (n.) The nurling on the edge of a coin; -- commonly called milling.
Reedling (n.) The European bearded titmouse (Panurus biarmicus); -- called also reed bunting, bearded pinnock, and lesser butcher bird.
Render (v. i.) To pass; to run; -- said of the passage of a rope through a block, eyelet, etc.; as, a rope renders well, that is, passes freely; also, to yield or give way.
Rhodammonium (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, rhodium and ammonia; -- said of certain complex compounds.
Rhodochrosite (n.) Manganese carbonate, a rose-red mineral sometimes occuring crystallized, but generally massive with rhombohedral cleavage like calcite; -- called also dialogite.
Rhodonite (n.) Manganese spar, or silicate of manganese, a mineral occuring crystallised and in rose-red masses. It is often used as an ornamental stone.
Rinderpest (n.) A highly contagious distemper or murrain, affecting neat cattle, and less commonly sheep and goats; -- called also cattle plague, Russian cattle plague, and steppe murrain.
Road (n.) A place where ships may ride at anchor at some distance from the shore; a roadstead; -- often in the plural; as, Hampton Roads.
Rudd (n.) A fresh-water European fish of the Carp family (Leuciscus erythrophthalmus). It is about the size and shape of the roach, but it has the dorsal fin farther back, a stouter body, and red irises. Called also redeye, roud, finscale, and shallow. A blue variety is called azurine, or blue roach.
Ruddock (n.) A piece of gold money; -- probably because the gold of coins was often reddened by copper alloy. Called also red ruddock, and golden ruddock.
Sadda (n.) A work in the Persian tongue, being a summary of the Zend-Avesta, or sacred books.
Sadden (v. t.) To make dull- or sad-colored, as cloth.
Saddle (n.) A seat for a rider, -- usually made of leather, padded to span comfortably a horse's back, furnished with stirrups for the rider's feet to rest in, and fastened in place with a girth; also, a seat for the rider on a bicycle or tricycle.
Saddle (n.) The threshold of a door, when a separate piece from the floor or landing; -- so called because it spans and covers the joint between two floors.
Saddleback (a.) Same as Saddle-backed.
Saddleback (n.) Anything saddle-backed; esp., a hill or ridge having a concave outSaddleback (n.) The larva of a bombycid moth (Empretia stimulea) which has a large, bright green, saddle-shaped patch of color on the back.
Said (a.) Before-mentioned; already spoken of or specified; aforesaid; -- used chiefly in legal style.
Sandarac (n.) A white or yellow resin obtained from a Barbary tree (Callitris quadrivalvis or Thuya articulata), and pulverized for pounce; -- probably so called from a resemblance to the mineral.
Sandiver (n.) A whitish substance which is cast up, as a scum, from the materials of glass in fusion, and, floating on the top, is skimmed off; -- called also glass gall.
Sandnecker (n.) A European flounder (Hippoglossoides limandoides); -- called also rough dab, long fluke, sand fluke, and sand sucker.
Sandpaper (n.) Paper covered on one side with sand glued fast, -- used for smoothing and polishing.
Sardonic (a.) Forced; unnatural; insincere; hence, derisive, mocking, malignant, or bitterly sarcastic; -- applied only to a laugh, smile, or some facial semblance of gayety.
Saddle (n.) A formation of gold-bearing quartz occurring along the crest of an anticlinal fold, esp. in Australia.
sandlot () a vacant lot; -- used especially in reference to informal games played by children; as, sandlot baseball.
Scad (n.) The goggler; -- called also big-eyed scad. See Goggler.
Seed (n.) The generative fluid of the male; semen; sperm; -- not used in the plural.
Seedbox (n.) A plant (Ludwigia alternifolia) which has somewhat cubical or box-shaped capsules.
Seedy (superl.) Having a peculiar flavor supposed to be derived from the weeds growing among the vines; -- said of certain kinds of French brandy.
Send (v. t.) To cause to be or to happen; to bestow; to inflict; to grant; -- sometimes followed by a dependent proposition.
Shade (n.) To undergo or exhibit minute difference or variation, as of color, meaning, expression, etc.; to pass by slight changes; -- used chiefly with a preposition, as into, away, off.
Shaddock (n.) A tree (Citrus decumana) and its fruit, which is a large species of orange; -- called also forbidden fruit, and pompelmous.
Shade (n.) Darkness; obscurity; -- often in the plural.
Shade (n.) The soul after its separation from the body; -- so called because the ancients it to be perceptible to the sight, though not to the touch; a spirit; a ghost; as, the shades of departed heroes.
Shadrach (n.) A mass of iron on which the operation of smelting has failed of its intended effect; -- so called from Shadrach, one of the three Hebrews who came forth unharmed from the fiery furnace of Nebuchadnezzar. (See Dan. iii. 26, 27.)
Shed (n.) The act of shedding or spilling; -- used only in composition, as in bloodshed.
Shed (n.) That which parts, divides, or sheds; -- used in composition, as in watershed.
Shedder (n.) A crab in the act of casting its shell, or immediately afterwards while still soft; -- applied especially to the edible crabs, which are most prized while in this state.
Sirdar (n.) In Turkey, Egypt, etc., a commander in chief, esp. the one commanding the Anglo-Egyptian army.
Skid (v.) Act of skidding; -- called also side slip.
Skid (v. i.) To slide without rotating; -- said of a wheel held from turning while the vehicle moves onward.
Skid (v. i.) To fail to grip the roadway; specif., to slip sideways on the road; to side-slip; -- said esp. of a cycle or automobile.
Sled (n.) A vehicle on runners, used for conveying loads over the snow or ice; -- in England called sledge.
Sledge (n.) A game at cards; -- called also old sledge, and all fours.
Sledge (v. t.) A large, heavy hammer, usually wielded with both hands; -- called also sledge hammer.
Slider (n.) The red-bellied terrapin (Pseudemys rugosa).
Sludge (n.) Anything resembling mud or slush; as: (a) A muddy or slimy deposit from sweage. (b) Mud from a drill hole in boring. (c) Muddy sediment in a steam boiler. (d) Settling of cottonseed oil, used in making soap, etc. (e) A residuum of crude paraffin-oil distillation.
Snider (n.) A breech-loading rifle formerly used in the British service; -- so called from the inventor.
Soldier (n.) A brave warrior; a man of military experience and skill, or a man of distinguished valor; -- used by way of emphasis or distinction.
Spadefish (n.) An American market fish (Chaetodipterus faber) common on the southern coasts; -- called also angel fish, moonfish, and porgy.
Spadefoot (n.) Any species of burrowing toads of the genus Scaphiopus, esp. S. Holbrookii, of the Eastern United States; -- called also spade toad.
Spodumene (n.) A mineral of a white to yellowish, purplish, or emerald-green color, occuring in prismatic crystals, often of great size. It is a silicate of aluminia and lithia. See Hiddenite.
Spud (n.) A sharp, narrow spade, usually with a long handle, used by farmers for digging up large-rooted weeds; a similarly shaped implement used for various purposes.
Stadium (n.) A kind of telemeter for measuring the distance of an object of known dimensions, by observing the angle it subtends; especially (Surveying), a graduated rod used to measure the distance of the place where it stands from an instrument having a telescope, by observing the number of the graduations of the rod that are seen between certain parallel wires (stadia wires) in the field of view of the telescope; -- also called stadia, and stadia rod.
Studding sail () A light sail set at the side of a principal or square sail of a vessel in free winds, to increase her speed. Its head is bent to a small spar which is called the studding-sail boom. See Illust. of Sail.
Studious (a.) Earnest in endeavors; aiming sedulously; attentive; observant; diligent; -- usually followed by an infinitive or by of; as, be studious to please; studious to find new friends and allies.
Suede (n.) Swedish glove leather, -- usually made from lambskins tanned with willow bark. Also used adjectively; as, suede gloves.
Sundog (n.) A fragmentary rainbow; a small rainbow near the horizon; -- called also dog and weathergaw.
Sundowner (n.) A tramp or vagabond in the Australian bush; -- so called from his coming to sheep stations at sunset of ask for supper and a bed, when it is too late to work; -- called also traveler and swagman (but not all swagmen are sundowners).
Sundrops (n.) Any one of the several species of Kneiffia, esp. K. fruticosa (syn. Oenothera fruticosa), of the Evening-primrose family, having flowers that open by daylight.
Subdominant (n.) The fourth tone above, or fifth below, the tonic; -- so called as being under the dominant.
Subduplicate (a.) Expressed by the square root; -- said of ratios.
Sunday (n.) The first day of the week, -- consecrated among Christians to rest from secular employments, and to religious worship; the Christian Sabbath; the Lord's Day.
Sundown (n.) A kind of broad-brimmed sun hat worn by women.
Surd (a.) Uttered, as an element of speech, without tone, or proper vocal sound; voiceless; unintonated; nonvocal; atonic; whispered; aspirated; sharp; hard, as f, p, s, etc.; -- opposed to sonant. See Guide to Pronunciation, //169, 179, 180.
Swaddle (v. t.) To bind as with a bandage; to bind or warp tightly with clothes; to swathe; -- used esp. of infants; as, to swaddle a baby.
Syndicalism (n.) The theory, plan, or practice of trade-union action (originally as advocated and practiced by the French Confederation Generale du Travail) which aims to abolish the present political and social system by means of the general strike (as distinguished from the local or sectional strike) and direct action of whatever kind (as distinguished from action which takes effect only through the medium of political action) -- direct action including any kind of action that is directly ef>
Syndyasmian (a.) Pertaining to the state of pairing together sexually; -- said of animals during periods of procreation and while rearing their offspring.
Tandem (adv. & a.) One after another; -- said especially of horses harnessed and driven one before another, instead of abreast.
Tardigrada (a.) An order of minute aquatic arachnids; -- called also bear animalcules, sloth animalcules, and water bears.
Tardigrade (a.) Moving or stepping slowly; slow-paced.
Tardigradous (a.) Moving slowly; slow-paced.
Tardo (a.) Slow; -- a direction to perform a passage slowly.
Tardy (superl.) Not being inseason; late; dilatory; -- opposed to prompt; as, to be tardy in one's payments.
Tenderloin (n.) In New York City, the region which is the center of the night life of fashionable amusement, including the majority of the theaters, etc., centering on Broadway. The term orig. designates the old twenty-ninth police precinct, in this region, which afforded the police great opportunities for profit through conniving at vice and lawbreaking, one captain being reported to have said on being transferred there that whereas he had been eating chuck steak he would now eat tenderlion. >
Tend (v. i.) To wait, as attendants or servants; to serve; to attend; -- with on or upon.
Tend (a.) To move in a certain direction; -- usually with to or towards.
Tender (superl.) Careful to save inviolate, or not to injure; -- with of.
Tender (superl.) Heeling over too easily when under sail; -- said of a vessel.
Tiddledywinks (n.) A game in which the object is to snap small disks of bone, ivory, or the like, from a flat surface, as of a table, into a small cup or basket; -- called also tiddlywinks.
Toadflax (n.) An herb (Linaria vulgaris) of the Figwort family, having narrow leaves and showy orange and yellow flowers; -- called also butter and eggs, flaxweed, and ramsted.
Toadstone (n.) A local name for the igneous rocks of Derbyshire, England; -- said by some to be derived from the German todter stein, meaning dead stone, that is, stone which contains no ores.
Toadstool (n.) A name given to many umbrella-shaped fungi, mostly of the genus Agaricus. The species are almost numberless. They grow on decaying organic matter.
Toed (a.) Having (such or so many) toes; -- chiefly used in composition; as, narrow-toed, four-toed.
Trade (v. i.) To have dealings; to be concerned or associated; -- usually followed by with.
Traditional (a.) Observant of tradition; attached to old customs; old-fashioned.
Traditor (n.) A deliverer; -- a name of infamy given to Christians who delivered the Scriptures, or the goods of the church, to their persecutors to save their lives.
Traducement (n.) The act of traducing; misrepresentation; ill-founded censure; defamation; calumny.
Traducianism (n.) The doctrine that human souls are produced by the act of generation; -- opposed to creationism, and infusionism.
Tride (a.) Short and ready; fleet; as, a tride pace; -- a term used by sportsmen.
Tridecatylene (n.) A hydrocarbon, C13H26, of the ethylene series, corresponding to tridecane, and obtained from Burmah petroleum as a light colorless liquid; -- called also tridecylene, and tridecene.
Trident (n.) A kind of scepter or spear with three prongs, -- the common attribute of Neptune.
Trident (n.) A three-pronged spear or goad, used for urging horses; also, the weapon used by one class of gladiators.
Trident (n.) A three-pronged fish spear.
Tridentated (a.) Having three teeth; three-toothed.
Tridiapason (n.) A triple octave, or twenty-second.
Tundra (n.) One of the level or undulating treeless plains characteristic of northern arctic regions in both hemispheres. The tundras mark the limit of arborescent vegetation; they consist of black mucky soil with a permanently frozen subsoil, but support a dense growth of mosses and lichens, and dwarf herbs and shrubs, often showy-flowered.
Uredospore (n.) The thin-walled summer spore which is produced during the so-called Uredo stage of certain rusts. See (in the Supplement) Uredinales, Heter/cious, etc.
Vendee (n.) The person to whom a thing is vended, or sold; -- the correlative of vendor.
Verdin (n.) A small yellow-headed bird (Auriparus flaviceps) of Lower California, allied to the titmice; -- called also goldtit.
Verdoy (a.) Charged with leaves, fruits, flowers, etc.; -- said of a border.
Void (a.) Having no incumbent; unoccupied; -- said of offices and the like.
Voided (a.) Having the inner part cut away, or left vacant, a narrow border being left at the sides, the tincture of the field being seen in the vacant space; -- said of a charge.
Wald (n.) A forest; -- used as a termination of names. See Weald.
Wanderoo (n.) A large monkey (Macacus silenus) native of Malabar. It is black, or nearly so, but has a long white or gray beard encircling the face. Called also maha, silenus, neelbhunder, lion-tailed baboon, and great wanderoo.
Ward (n.) To fend off; to repel; to turn aside, as anything mischievous that approaches; -- usually followed by off.
Weedless (a.) Free from weeds; -- said of a kind of motor-boat propeller the blades of which curve backwardly, as respects the direction of rotation, so that they draw through the water, and so do not gather weeds with which they come in contact.
Weedy (superl.) Scraggy; ill-shaped; ungainly; -- said of colts or horses, and also of persons.
Wend (v. t.) To direct; to betake; -- used chiefly in the phrase to wend one's way. Also used reflexively.
Winding (n.) a series winding, or one in which the armature coil, the field-magnet coil, and the external circuit form a continuous conductor; a shunt winding, or one of such a character that the armature current is divided, a portion of the current being led around the field-magnet coils.
Windjammer (n.) A sailing vessel or one of its crew; -- orig. so called contemptuously by sailors on steam vessels.
Wild (superl.) Hard to steer; -- said of a vessel.
Winder (n.) One in a flight of steps which are curved in plan, so that each tread is broader at one end than at the other; -- distinguished from flyer.
Windflower (n.) The anemone; -- so called because formerly supposed to open only when the wind was blowing. See Anemone.
Windgall (n.) A soft tumor or synovial swelling on the fetlock joint of a horse; -- so called from having formerly been supposed to contain air.
Windhover (n.) The kestrel; -- called also windbibber, windcuffer, windfanner.
Winding (n.) A Windlestraw (n.) A grass used for making ropes or for plaiting, esp. Agrostis Spica-ventis. Windward (n.) The point or side from which the wind blows; as, to ply to the windward; -- opposed to leeward. Wink (v. i.) To avoid taking notice, as if by shutting the eyes; to connive at anything; to be tolerant; -- generally with at.
Windward (n.) The point or side from which the wind blows; as, to ply to the windward; -- opposed to leeward. Wink (v. i.) To avoid taking notice, as if by shutting the eyes; to connive at anything; to be tolerant; -- generally with at.
Wood (n.) A large and thick collection of trees; a forest or grove; -- frequently used in the plural.
Wood (n.) The fibrous material which makes up the greater part of the stems and branches of trees and shrubby plants, and is found to a less extent in herbaceous stems. It consists of elongated tubular or needle-shaped cells of various kinds, usually interwoven with the shinning bands called silver grain.
Woodcock (n.) Any one of several species of long-billed limicoYard (v. i.) A measure of length, equaling three feet, or thirty-six inches, being the standard of English and American measure.
Yardarm (n.) Either half of a square-rigged vessel's yard, from the center or mast to the end.
Yeldrine (n.) The yellow-hammer; -- called also yeldrock, and yoldrin.
Zander (n.) A European pike perch (Stizostedion lucioperca) allied to the wall-eye; -- called also sandari, sander, sannat, schill, and zant.
Zendik (n.) An atheist or unbeliever; -- name given in the East to those charged with disbelief of any revealed religion, or accused of magical heresies.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken
, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".