Words whose 4th letter is V
Above (prep.) In or to a higher place; higher than; on or over the upper surface; over; -- opposed to below or beneath.
Brave (superl.) Bold; courageous; daring; intrepid; -- opposed to cowardly; as, a brave man; a brave act.
Brave (superl.) Having any sort of superiority or excellence; -- especially such as in conspicuous.
Breve (n.) A note or character of time, equivalent to two semibreves or four minims. When dotted, it is equal to three semibreves. It was formerly of a square figure (as thus: / ), but is now made oval, with a Breviary (n.) A book containing the daily public or canonical prayers of the Roman Catholic or of the Greek Church for the seven canonical hours, namely, matins and lauds, the first, third, sixth, and ninth hours, vespers, and compBrevipennate (a.) Short-winged; -- applied to birds which can not fly, owing to their short wings, as the ostrich, cassowary, and emu.
Brevirostrate (a.) Short-billed; having a short beak.
Calve (v. i.) To throw off fragments which become icebergs; -- said of a glacier.
Calvary (n.) A cross, set upon three steps; -- more properly called cross calvary.
Calvinism (n.) The theological tenets or doctrines of John Calvin (a French theologian and reformer of the 16th century) and his followers, or of the so-called calvinistic churches.
Canvas (n.) A strong cloth made of hemp, flax, or cotton; -- used for tents, sails, etc.
Canvasback (n.) A Species of duck (Aythya vallisneria), esteemed for the delicacy of its flesh. It visits the United States in autumn; particularly Chesapeake Bay and adjoining waters; -- so named from the markings of the plumage on its back.
Canvass (v. i.) To search thoroughly; to engage in solicitation by traversing a district; as, to canvass for subscriptions or for votes; to canvass for a book, a publisher, or in behalf of a charity; -- commonly followed by for.
Carvelbuilt (a.) Having the planks meet flush at the seams, instead of lapping as in a clinker-built vessel.
Cervicide (n.) The act of killing deer; deer-slaying.
Chivalrous (a.) Pertaining to chivalry or knight-errantry; warlike; heroic; gallant; high-spirited; high-minded; magnanimous.
Chivalry (n.) The dignity or system of knighthood; the spirit, usages, or manners of knighthood; the practice of knight-errantry.
Clavated (a.) Club-shaped; having the form of a club; growing gradually thicker toward the top. [See Illust. of Antennae.]
Clavicorn (a.) Having club-shaped antennae. See Antennae
Clavicornes (n. pl.) A group of beetles having club-shaped antennae.
Claviform (a.) Club-shaped; clavate.
Clever (a.) Well-shaped; handsome.
Clever (a.) Good-natured; obliging.
Clevis (n.) A piece of metal bent in the form of an oxbow, with the two ends perforated to receive a pin, used on the end of the tongue of a plow, wagen, etc., to attach it to a draft chain, whiffletree, etc.; -- called also clavel, clevy.
Clove (v. t.) A cleft; a gap; a ravine; -- rarely used except as part of a proper name; as, Kaaterskill Clove; Stone Clove.
Coeval (n.) Of the same age; existing during the same period of time, especially time long and remote; -- usually followed by with.
Conventicle (n.) An assembly for religious worship; esp., such an assembly held privately, as in times of persecution, by Nonconformists or Dissenters in England, or by Covenanters in Scotland; -- often used opprobriously, as if those assembled were heretics or schismatics.
Convention (v. i.) A meeting or an assembly of persons, esp. of delegates or representatives, to accomplish some specific object, -- civil, social, political, or ecclesiastical.
Convention (v. i.) An extraordinary assembly of the parkiament or estates of the realm, held without the king's writ, -- as the assembly which restored Charles II. to the throne, and that which declared the throne to be abdicated by James II.
Conversant (a.) Familiar or acquainted by use or study; well-informed; versed; -- generally used with with, sometimes with in.
Conversative (a.) Relating to intercourse with men; social; -- opposed to contemplative.
Conversazioni (pl. ) of Conversazi-one
Converse (v. i.) To keep company; to hold intimate intercourse; to commune; -- followed by with.
Converse (v. i.) To engage in familiar colloquy; to interchange thoughts and opinions in a free, informal manner; to chat; -- followed by with before a person; by on, about, concerning, etc., before a thing.
Converse (v. i.) To have knowledge of, from long intercourse or study; -- said of things.
Convertend (n.) Any proposition which is subject to the process of conversion; -- so called in its relation to itself as converted, after which process it is termed the converse. See Converse, n. (Logic).
Convex (a.) Rising or swelling into a spherical or rounded form; regularly protuberant or bulging; -- said of a spherical surface or curved Conveyor (n.) A contrivance for carrying objects from place to place; esp., one for conveying grain, coal, etc., -- as a spiral or screw turning in a pipe or trough, an endless belt with buckets, or a truck running along a rope.
Convolute (a.) Rolled or wound together, one part upon another; -- said of the leaves of plants in aestivation.
Convolvulaceous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the family of plants of which the bindweed and the morning-glory are common examples.
Convolvulus (n.) A large genus of plants having monopetalous flowers, including the common bindweed (C. arwensis), and formerly the morning-glory, but this is now transferred to the genus Ipomaea.
Corvette (n.) A war vessel, ranking next below a frigate, and having usually only one tier of guns; -- called in the United States navy a sloop of war.
Craven (n.) A recreant; a coward; a weak-hearted, spiritless fellow. See Recreant, n.
Culverin (n.) A long cannon of the 16th century, usually an 18-pounder with serpent-shaped handles.
Curvative (a.) Having the margins only a little curved; -- said of leaves.
Curvinerved (a.) Having the ribs or the veins of the leaves curved; -- called also curvinervate and curve-veined.
Drive (n.) A wooden-headed golf club with a long shaft, for playing the longest strokes.
Drive (v. t.) To pass away; -- said of time.
Drive (v. i.) To press forward; to aim, or tend, to a point; to make an effort; to strive; -- usually with at.
Drive (n.) The act of driving; a trip or an excursion in a carriage, as for exercise or pleasure; -- distinguished from a ride taken on horseback.
Driver (n.) The after sail in a ship or bark, being a fore-and-aft sail attached to a gaff; a spanker.
Drove (n.) A broad chisel used to bring stone to a nearly smooth surface; -- called also drove chisel.
Drove (n.) The grooved surface of stone finished by the drove chisel; -- called also drove work.
Elevation (n.) The act of raising from a lower place, condition, or quality to a higher; -- said of material things, persons, the mind, the voice, etc.; as, the elevation of grain; elevation to a throne; elevation of mind, thoughts, or character.
Elevation (n.) The movement of the axis of a piece in a vertical plane; also, the angle of elevation, that is, the angle between the axis of the piece and the Elevation (n.) A geometrical projection of a building, or other object, on a plane perpendicular to the horizon; orthographic projection on a vertical plane; -- called by the ancients the orthography.
Elevator (n.) A movable plane or group of planes used to control the altitude or fore-and-aft poise or inclination of an airship or flying machine.
Elevator (n.) A cage or platform and the hoisting machinery in a hotel, warehouse, mine, etc., for conveying persons, goods, etc., to or from different floors or levels; -- called in England a lift; the cage or platform itself.
Eleven (n.) The eleven men selected to play on one side in a match, as the representatives of a club or a locality; as, the all-England eleven.
Flavored (a.) Having a distinct flavor; as, high-flavored wine.
Galvanoplastic (a.) Of or pertaining to the art or process of electrotyping; employing, or produced by, the process of electolytic deposition; as, a galvano-plastic copy of a medal or the like.
Galvanopuncture (n.) Same as Electro-puncture.
Garvie (n.) The sprat; -- called also garvie herring, and garvock.
Grave (superl.) Of importance; momentous; weighty; influential; sedate; serious; -- said of character, relations, etc.; as, grave deportment, character, influence, etc.
Grave (superl.) Not acute or sharp; low; deep; -- said of sound; as, a grave note or key.
Gravigrade (a.) Slow-paced.
Gravity (a.) Lowness of tone; -- opposed to acuteness.
Grivet (n.) A monkey of the upper Nile and Abyssinia (Cercopithecus griseo-viridis), having the upper parts dull green, the lower parts white, the hands, ears, and face black. It was known to the ancient Egyptians. Called also tota.
Heave (v. t.) To cause to move upward or onward by a lifting effort; to lift; to raise; to hoist; -- often with up; as, the wave heaved the boat on land.
Heave (v. t.) To throw; to cast; -- obsolete, provincial, or colloquial, except in certain nautical phrases; as, to heave the lead; to heave the log.
Heave (v. t.) To force from, or into, any position; to cause to move; also, to throw off; -- mostly used in certain nautical phrases; as, to heave the ship ahead.
Heaven (n.) The expanse of space surrounding the earth; esp., that which seems to be over the earth like a great arch or dome; the firmament; the sky; the place where the sun, moon, and stars appear; -- often used in the plural in this sense.
Heaven (n.) The sovereign of heaven; God; also, the assembly of the blessed, collectively; -- used variously in this sense, as in No. 2.
Heavy (superl.) Loud; deep; -- said of sound; as, heavy thunder.
Heavy (superl.) Dark with clouds, or ready to rain; gloomy; -- said of the sky.
Heavy (superl.) Impeding motion; cloggy; clayey; -- said of earth; as, a heavy road, soil, and the like.
Heavy (superl.) Not agreeable to, or suitable for, the stomach; not easily digested; -- said of food.
Heavy (superl.) Having much body or strength; -- said of wines, or other liquors.
Heavy (adv.) Heavily; -- sometimes used in composition; as, heavy-laden.
Jahve () A modern transliteration of the Hebrew word translated Jehovah in the Bible; -- used by some critics to discriminate the tribal god of the ancient Hebrews from the Christian Jehovah. Yahweh or Yahwe is the spelling now generally adopted by scholars.
Larviparous (a.) Depositing living larvae, instead of eggs; -- said of certain insects.
Larvate (a.) Masked; hence, concealed; obscure; -- applied in medicine to doubtful cases of some diseases; as, larvate pneumonis; larvate epilepsy.
Leave (v. i.) To send out leaves; to leaf; -- often with out.
Leave (n.) The act of leaving or departing; a formal parting; a leaving; farewell; adieu; -- used chiefly in the phrase, to take leave, i. e., literally, to take permission to go.
Leave (v.) To put; to place; to deposit; to deliver; to commit; to submit -- with a sense of withdrawing one's self from; as, leave your hat in the hall; we left our cards; to leave the matter to arbitrators.
Leaved (a.) Bearing, or having, a leaf or leaves; having folds; -- used in combination; as, a four-leaved clover; a two-leaved gate; long-leaved.
Malvaceous (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a natural order of plants (Malvaceae), of which the mallow is the type. The cotton plant, hollyhock, and abutilon are of this order, and the baobab and the silk-cotton trees are now referred to it.
Marver (n.) A stone, or cast-iron plate, or former, on which hot glass is rolled to give it shape.
Mauvine (a.) Mauve-colored.
Nerve (n.) Steadiness and firmness of mind; self-command in personal danger, or under suffering; unshaken courage and endurance; coolness; pluck; resolution.
Nerved (a.) Having nerves of a special character; as, weak-nerved.
Olivaceous (a.) Resembling the olive; of the color of the olive; olive-green.
Olive (n.) A tree (Olea Europaea) with small oblong or elliptical leaves, axillary clusters of flowers, and oval, one-seeded drupes. The tree has been cultivated for its fruit for thousands of years, and its branches are the emblems of peace. The wood is yellowish brown and beautifully variegated.
Olive (n.) Any shell of the genus Oliva and allied genera; -- so called from the form. See Oliva.
Olivenite (n.) An olive-green mineral, a hydrous arseniate of copper; olive ore.
Olivil (n.) A white crystalOlivin (n.) A complex bitter gum, found on the leaves of the olive tree; -- called also olivite.
Parvanimity (n.) The state or quality of having a little or ignoble mind; pettiness; meanness; -- opposed to magnanimity.
Parvise (n.) a court of entrance to, or an inclosed space before, a church; hence, a church porch; -- sometimes formerly used as place of meeting, as for lawyers.
Pervert (n.) One who has been perverted; one who has turned to error, especially in religion; -- opposed to convert. See the Synonym of Convert.
Pervious (a.) Open; -- used synonymously with perforate, as applied to the nostrils or birds.
Pluviograph (n.) A self-registering rain gauge.
Polverine (n.) Glassmaker's ashes; a kind of potash or pearlash, brought from the Levant and Syria, -- used in the manufacture of fine glass.
Provenience (n.) Origin; source; place where found or produced; provenance; -- used esp. in the fine arts and in archaeology; as, the provenience of a patera.
Prevail (v. i.) To overcome; to gain the victory or superiority; to gain the advantage; to have the upper hand, or the mastery; to succeed; -- sometimes with over or against.
Prevail (v. i.) To persuade or induce; -- with on, upon, or with; as, I prevailedon him to wait.
Preventative (n.) That which prevents; -- incorrectly used instead of preventive.
Privative (n.) A term indicating the absence of any quality which might be naturally or rationally expected; -- called also privative term.
Privet (n.) An ornamental European shrub (Ligustrum vulgare), much used in hedges; -- called also prim.
Provide (v. t.) To furnish; to supply; -- formerly followed by of, now by with.
Provide (v. i.) To procure supplies or means in advance; to take measures beforehand in view of an expected or a possible future need, especially a danger or an evil; -- followed by against or for; as, to provide against the inclemency of the weather; to provide for the education of a child.
Provided (conj.) On condition; by stipulation; with the understanding; if; -- usually followed by that; as, provided that nothing in this act shall prejudice the rights of any person whatever.
Provident (a.) Foreseeing wants and making provision to supply them; prudent in preparing for future exigencies; cautious; economical; -- sometimes followed by of; as, aprovident man; an animal provident of the future.
Provision (n.) Especially, a stock of food; any kind of eatables collected or stored; -- often in the plural.
Provisional (a.) Of the nature of a provision; serving as a provision for the time being; -- used of partial or temporary arrangements; as, a provisional government; a provisional treaty.
Pulvil (n.) A sweet-scented powder; pulvillio.
Pulvillo (n.) A kind of perfume in the form of a powder, formerly much used, -- often in little bags.
Purvey (v. i.) To pander; -- with to.
Reeve (n.) an officer, steward, bailiff, or governor; -- used chiefly in compounds; as, shirereeve, now written sheriff; portreeve, etc.
Scavenging (n.) Act or process of expelling the exhaust gases from the cylinder by some special means, as, in many four-cycle engines, by utilizing the momentum of the exhaust gases in a long exhaust pipe.
Selvagee (n.) A skein or hank of rope yarns wound round with yarns or marServe (v. t.) Hence, to bring forward, arrange, deal, or distribute, as a portion of anything, especially of food prepared for eating; -- often with up; formerly with in.
Serve (v. t.) To copulate with; to cover; as, a horse serves a mare; -- said of the male.
Servile (n.) An element which forms no part of the original root; -- opposed to radical.
Shive (n.) A thin, flat cork used for stopping a wide-mouthed bottle; also, a thin wooden bung for casks.
Shiver (n.) One of the small pieces, or splinters, into which a brittle thing is broken by sudden violence; -- generally used in the plural.
Shovelboard (n.) A game played on board ship in which the aim is to shove or drive with a cue wooden disks into divisions chalked on the deck; -- called also shuffleboard.
Shoveler (n.) A river duck (Spatula clypeata), native of Europe and America. It has a large bill, broadest towards the tip. The male is handsomely variegated with green, blue, brown, black, and white on the body; the head and neck are dark green. Called also broadbill, spoonbill, shovelbill, and maiden duck. The Australian shoveler, or shovel-nosed duck (S. rhynchotis), is a similar species.
Shovelhead (n.) A shark (Sphryna tiburio) allied to the hammerhead, and native of the warmer parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans; -- called also bonnet shark.
Shovelnose (n.) A ganoid fish of the Sturgeon family (Scaphirhynchus platyrhynchus) of the Mississippi and Ohio rivers; -- called also white sturgeon.
Silver (n.) A soft white metallic element, sonorous, ductile, very malleable, and capable of a high degree of polish. It is found native, and also combined with sulphur, arsenic, antimony, chlorine, etc., in the minerals argentite, proustite, pyrargyrite, ceragyrite, etc. Silver is one of the "noble" metals, so-called, not being easily oxidized, and is used for coin, jewelry, plate, and a great variety of articles. Symbol Ag (Argentum). Atomic weight 107.7. Specific gravity 10.5.
Silverfin (n.) A small North American fresh-water cyprinoid fish (Notropis Whipplei).
Sirvente (n.) A peculiar species of poetry, for the most part devoted to moral and religious topics, and commonly satirical, -- often used by the troubadours of the Middle Ages.
Silverite (n.) One who favors the use or establishment of silver as a monetary standard; -- so called by those who favor the gold standard.
Slav (n.) One of a race of people occupying a large part of Eastern and Northern Europe, including the Russians, Bulgarians, Roumanians, Servo-Croats, Slovenes, Poles, Czechs, Wends or Sorbs, Slovaks, etc.
Sloven (n.) A man or boy habitually negligent of neathess and order; -- the correlative term to slattern, or slut.
Stave (n.) To break in a stave or the staves of; to break a hole in; to burst; -- often with in; as, to stave a cask; to stave in a boat.
Stave (n.) To push, as with a staff; -- with off.
Stave (n.) To delay by force or craft; to drive away; -- usually with off; as, to stave off the execution of a project.
Stove (n.) A house or room artificially warmed or heated; a forcing house, or hothouse; a drying room; -- formerly, designating an artificially warmed dwelling or room, a parlor, or a bathroom, but now restricted, in this sense, to heated houses or rooms used for horticultural purposes or in the processes of the arts.
Stovepipe (n.) Pipe made of sheet iron in length and angular or curved pieces fitting together, -- used to connect a portable stove with a chimney flue.
Swivel (a.) A small piece of ordnance, turning on a point or swivel; -- called also swivel gun.
Sylvanite (n.) A telluride of gold and silver, (Au, Ag)Te2, of a steel gray, silver white, or brass yellow. It often occurs in implanted crystals resembling written characters, and hence is called graphic tellurium. H., 1.5-2. Sp.gr., 7.9-8.3.
Sylvan (n.) A liquid hydrocarbon obtained together with furfuran (tetrol) by the distillation of pine wood; -- called also methyl tetrol, or methyl furfuran.
Sylvanite (n.) A mineral, a telluride of gold and silver, of a steel-gray, silver-white, or brass-yellow color. It often occurs in implanted crystals resembling written characters, and hence is called graphic tellurium.
Travel (n.) An account, by a traveler, of occurrences and observations during a journey; as, a book of travels; -- often used as the title of a book; as, Travels in Italy.
Travesty (a.) Disguised by dress so as to be ridiculous; travestied; -- applied to a book or shorter composition.
Trivalent (a.) Having a valence of three; capable of being combined with, substituted for, or compared with, three atoms of hydrogen; -- said of triad atoms or radicals; thus, nitrogen is trivalent in ammonia.
Trivalvular (a.) Having three valves; three-valved.
Trivet (n.) A tree-legged stool, table, or other support; especially, a stand to hold a kettle or similar vessel near the fire; a tripod.
Trivium (n.) The three " liberal" arts, grammar, logic, and rhetoric; -- being a triple way, as it were, to eloquence.
Uneven (a.) Not divisible by two without a remainder; odd; -- said of numbers; as, 3, 7, and 11 are uneven numbers.
Univalent (a.) Having a valence of one; capable of combining with, or of being substituted for, one atom of hydrogen; monovalent; -- said of certain atoms and radicals.
Universal (a.) Of or pertaining to the universe; extending to, including, or affecting, the whole number, quantity, or space; unlimited; general; all-reaching; all-pervading; as, universal ruin; universal good; universal benevolence or benefice.
Universal (a.) Forming the whole of a genus; relatively unlimited in extension; affirmed or denied of the whole of a subject; as, a universal proposition; -- opposed to particular; e. g. (universal affirmative) All men are animals; (universal negative) No men are omniscient.
Universality (n.) The quality or state of being universal; unlimited extension or application; generality; -- distinguished from particularity; as, the unversality of a proposition; the unversality of sin; the unversality of the Deluge.
Univocal (a.) Having one meaning only; -- contrasted with equivocal.
Valvata (n.) A genus of small spiral fresh-water gastropods having an operculum.
Valvate (a.) Meeting at the edges without overlapping; -- said of the sepals or the petals of flowers in aestivation, and of leaves in vernation.
Volvox (n.) A genus of minute, pale-green, globular, organisms, about one fiftieth of an inch in diameter, found rolling through water, the motion being produced by minute colorless cilia. It has been considered as belonging to the flagellate Infusoria, but is now referred to the vegetable kingdom, and each globule is considered a colony of many individuals. The commonest species is Volvox globator, often called globe animalcule.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken
, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".