Words whose 5th letter is E
Abbreviation (n.) One dash, or more, through the stem of a note, dividing it respectively into quavers, semiquavers, or demi-semiquavers.
Abbreviator (n.) One of a college of seventy-two officers of the papal court whose duty is to make a short minute of a decision on a petition, or reply of the pope to a letter, and afterwards expand the minute into official form.
Abide (v. i.) To stay; to continue in a place; to have one's abode; to dwell; to sojourn; -- with with before a person, and commonly with at or in before a place.
Above (prep.) In or to a higher place; higher than; on or over the upper surface; over; -- opposed to below or beneath.
Abstentious (a.) Characterized by abstinence; self-restraining.
Acalephae (n. pl.) A group of Coelenterata, including the Medusae or jellyfishes, and hydroids; -- so called from the stinging power they possess. Sometimes called sea nettles.
Accrete (v. i.) To adhere; to grow (to); to be added; -- with to.
Accretion (n.) Gain to an heir or legatee, failure of a coheir to the same succession, or a co-legatee of the same thing, to take his share.
Achieve (v. t.) To carry on to a final close; to bring out into a perfected state; to accomplish; to perform; -- as, to achieve a feat, an exploit, an enterprise.
Acute (a.) Sharp at the end; ending in a sharp point; pointed; -- opposed to blunt or obtuse; as, an acute angle; an acute leaf.
Acute (a.) Having nice discernment; perceiving or using minute distinctions; penetrating; clever; shrewd; -- opposed to dull or stupid; as, an acute observer; acute remarks, or reasoning.
Acute (a.) High, or shrill, in respect to some other sound; -- opposed to grave or low; as, an acute tone or accent.
Acute (a.) Attended with symptoms of some degree of severity, and coming speedily to a crisis; -- opposed to chronic; as, an acute disease.
Acuteness (n.) The faculty of nice discernment or perception; acumen; keenness; sharpness; sensitiveness; -- applied to the senses, or the understanding. By acuteness of feeling, we perceive small objects or slight impressions: by acuteness of intellect, we discern nice distinctions.
Acuteness (n.) Shrillness; high pitch; -- said of sounds.
Adolescence (n.) The state of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; youth, or the period of life between puberty and maturity, generally considered to be, in the male sex, from fourteen to twenty-one. Sometimes used with reference to the lower animals.
Aforehand (a.) Prepared; previously provided; -- opposed to behindhand.
Aforementioned (a.) Previously mentioned; before-mentioned.
Agate (n.) A tool used by gold-wire drawers, bookbinders, etc.; -- so called from the agate fixed in it for burnishing.
Aggregate (a.) United into a common organized mass; -- said of certain compound animals.
Aggregate (n.) A mass formed by the union of homogeneous particles; -- in distinction from a compound, formed by the union of heterogeneous particles.
Aggress (v. i.) To commit the first act of hostility or offense; to begin a quarrel or controversy; to make an attack; -- with on.
Agree (v. i.) To yield assent; to accede; -- followed by to; as, to agree to an offer, or to opinion.
Agreeable (a.) Agreeing or suitable; conformable; correspondent; concordant; adapted; -- followed by to, rarely by with.
Agreeable (a.) In pursuance, conformity, or accordance; -- in this sense used adverbially for agreeably; as, agreeable to the order of the day, the House took up the report.
Agreeableness (n.) Resemblance; concordance; harmony; -- with to or between.
Agreeably (adv.) In accordance; suitably; consistently; conformably; -- followed by to and rarely by with. See Agreeable, 4.
Ailment (n.) Indisposition; morbid affection of the body; -- not applied ordinarily to acute diseases.
Aisle (n.) Improperly used also for the have; -- as in the phrases, a church with three aisles, the middle aisle.
Alfresco (adv. & a.) In the open-air.
Aliped (a.) Wing-footed, as the bat.
Alone (a.) Quite by one's self; apart from, or exclusive of, others; single; solitary; -- applied to a person or thing.
Alose (n.) The European shad (Clupea alosa); -- called also allice shad or allis shad. The name is sometimes applied to the American shad (Clupea sapidissima). See Shad.
Aludel (n.) One of the pear-shaped pots open at both ends, and so formed as to be fitted together, the neck of one into the bottom of another in succession; -- used in the process of sublimation.
Alure (n.) A walk or passage; -- applied to passages of various kinds.
Amble (v. i.) To go at the easy gait called an amble; -- applied to the horse or to its rider.
Ambreic (a.) Of or pertaining to ambrein; -- said of a certain acid produced by digesting ambrein in nitric acid.
Amice (n.) A hood, or cape with a hood, made of Analemma (n.) An instrument of wood or brass, on which this projection of the sphere is made, having a movable horizon or cursor; -- formerly much used in solving some common astronomical problems.
Anapest (n.) A metrical foot consisting of three syllables, the first two short, or unaccented, the last long, or accented (/ / -); the reverse of the dactyl. In Latin d/-/-tas, and in English in-ter-vene#, are examples of anapests.
Anaseismic (a.) Moving up and down; -- said of earthquake shocks.
Ancient (a.) Old; that happened or existed in former times, usually at a great distance of time; belonging to times long past; specifically applied to the times before the fall of the Roman empire; -- opposed to modern; as, ancient authors, literature, history; ancient days.
Ancient (a.) Known for a long time, or from early times; -- opposed to recent or new; as, the ancient continent.
Anelectric (a.) Not becoming electrified by friction; -- opposed to idioelectric.
Angled (a.) Having an angle or angles; -- used in compounds; as, right-angled, many-angled, etc.
Angles (n. pl.) An ancient Low German tribe, that settled in Britain, which came to be called Engla-land (Angleland or England). The Angles probably came from the district of Angeln (now within the limits of Schleswig), and the country now Lower Hanover, etc.
Anile (a.) Old-womanish; imbecile.
Anime (a.) Of a different tincture from the animal itself; -- said of the eyes of a rapacious animal.
Ankled (a.) Having ankles; -- used in composition; as, well-ankled.
Anode (n.) The positive pole of an electric battery, or more strictly the electrode by which the current enters the electrolyte on its way to the other pole; -- opposed to cathode.
Answer (v. i.) To be or act in conformity, or by way of accommodation, correspondence, relation, or proportion; to conform; to correspond; to suit; -- usually with to.
Answer (n.) A counter-statement of facts in a course of pleadings; a confutation of what the other party has alleged; a responsive declaration by a witness in reply to a question. In Equity, it is the usual form of defense to the complainant's charges in his bill.
Antheridium (n.) The male reproductive apparatus in the lower, consisting of a cell or other cavity in which spermatozoids are produced; -- called also spermary.
Antheriform (a.) Shaped like an anther; anther-shaped.
Apogeotropic (a.) Bending away from the ground; -- said of leaves, etc.
Appreciate (v. t.) To raise the value of; to increase the market price of; -- opposed to depreciate.
Appreciation (n.) A rise in value; -- opposed to depreciation.
Apprenticeship (n.) The time an apprentice is serving (sometimes seven years, as from the age of fourteen to twenty-one).
Apyretic (a.) Without fever; -- applied to days when there is an intermission of fever.
Archebiosis (n.) The origination of living matter from non-living. See Abiogenesis.
Argue (v. i.) To contend in argument; to dispute; to reason; -- followed by with; as, you may argue with your friend without convincing him.
Arquebusade (n.) A distilled water from a variety of aromatic plants, as rosemary, millefoil, etc.; -- originally used as a vulnerary in gunshot wounds.
Arriere (n.) "That which is behind"; the rear; -- chiefly used as an adjective in the sense of behind, rear, subordinate.
Arytenoid (a.) Ladle-shaped; -- applied to two small cartilages of the larynx, and also to the glands, muscles, etc., connected with them. The cartilages are attached to the cricoid cartilage and connected with the vocal cords.
Atonement (n.) Satisfaction or reparation made by giving an equivalent for an injury, or by doing of suffering that which will be received in satisfaction for an offense or injury; expiation; amends; -- with for. Specifically, in theology: The expiation of sin made by the obedience, personal suffering, and death of Christ.
Authentics (n.) A collection of the Novels or New Constitutions of Justinian, by an anonymous author; -- so called on account of its authenticity.
Autoecious (a.) Passing through all its stages on one host, as certain parasitic fungi; -- contrasted with heteroecious.
Azole (n.) Any of a large class of compounds characterized by a five-membered ring which contains an atom of nitrogen and at least one other noncarbon atom (nitrogen, oxygen, sulphur). The prefixes furo-, thio, and pyrro- are used to distinguish three subclasses of azoles, which may be regarded as derived respectively from furfuran, thiophene, and pyrrol by replacement of the CH group by nitrogen; as, furo-monazole. Names exactly analogous to those for the azines are also used; as, oxazole, di>
Azure (a.) Sky-blue; resembling the clear blue color of the unclouded sky; cerulean; also, cloudless.
Azured (a.) Of an azure color; sky-blue.
Bachelor (n.) A kind of bass, an edible fresh-water fish (Pomoxys annularis) of the southern United States.
Backed (a.) Having a back; fitted with a back; as, a backed electrotype or stereotype plate. Used in composition; as, broad-backed; hump-backed.
Badderlocks (n.) A large black seaweed (Alaria esculenta) sometimes eaten in Europe; -- also called murlins, honeyware, and henware.
Badger (n.) An itinerant licensed dealer in commodities used for food; a hawker; a huckster; -- formerly applied especially to one who bought grain in one place and sold it in another.
Bailey (n.) A prison or court of justice; -- used in certain proper names; as, the Old Bailey in London; the New Bailey in Manchester.
Baize (n.) A coarse woolen stuff with a long nap; -- usually dyed in plain colors.
Ballet (n.) A light part song, or madrigal, with a fa la burden or chorus, -- most common with the Elizabethan madrigal composers.
Bandeau (n.) A narrow band or fillet; a part of a head-dress.
Banner (n.) Any flag or standard; as, the star-spangled banner.
Banneret (n.) Originally, a knight who led his vassals into the field under his own banner; -- commonly used as a title of rank.
Banter (v. t.) To address playful good-natured ridicule to, -- the person addressed, or something pertaining to him, being the subject of the jesting; to rally; as, he bantered me about my credulity.
Banter (v. t.) To delude or trick, -- esp. by way of jest.
Banter (n.) The act of bantering; joking or jesting; humorous or good-humored raillery; pleasantry.
Barbecue (n.) A floor, on which coffee beans are sun-dried.
Barbed (a.) Accoutered with defensive armor; -- said of a horse. See Barded ( which is the proper form.)
Barbel (n.) A large fresh-water fish ( Barbus vulgaris) found in many European rivers. Its upper jaw is furnished with four barbels.
Barded (p.a.) Accoutered with defensive armor; -- said of a horse.
Barge (n.) A double-decked passenger or freight vessel, towed by a steamboat.
Barkentine (n.) A threemasted vessel, having the foremast square-rigged, and the others schooner-rigged. [Spelled also barquentine, barkantine, etc.] See Illust. in Append.
Barrelled (a.) Having a barrel; -- used in composition; as, a double-barreled gun.
Barren (a.) Incapable of producing offspring; producing no young; sterile; -- said of women and female animals.
Barret (n.) A kind of cap formerly worn by soldiers; -- called also barret cap. Also, the flat cap worn by Roman Catholic ecclesiastics.
Barter (v. t.) To trade or exchange in the way of barter; to exchange (frequently for an unworthy consideration); to traffic; to truck; -- sometimes followed by away; as, to barter away goods or honor.
Baste (v. t.) To sew loosely, or with long stitches; -- usually, that the work may be held in position until sewed more firmly.
Batlet (n.) A short bat for beating clothes in washing them; -- called also batler, batling staff, batting staff.
Battel (n.) Provisions ordered from the buttery; also, the charges for them; -- only in the pl., except when used adjectively.
Batter (v. t.) A semi-liquid mixture of several ingredients, as, flour, eggs, milk, etc., beaten together and used in cookery.
Baudekin (n.) The richest kind of stuff used in garments in the Middle Ages, the web being gold, and the woof silk, with embroidery : -- made originally at Bagdad.
Bayberry (n.) The fruit of Myrica cerifera (wax myrtle); the shrub itself; -- called also candleberry tree.
Barber (n.) A storm accompanied by driving ice spicules formed from sea water, esp. one occurring on the Gulf of St. Lawrence; -- so named from the cutting ice spicules.
Beaked (a.) Having a beak or a beaklike point; beak-shaped.
Beaker (n.) An open-mouthed, thin glass vessel, having a projecting lip for pouring; -- used for holding solutions requiring heat.
Bearer (n.) A strip of reglet or other furniture to bear off the impression from a blank page; also, a type or type-high piece of metal interspersed in blank parts to support the plate when it is shaved.
Bedded (a.) Provided with a bed; as, double-bedded room; placed or arranged in a bed or beds.
Believer (n.) One who gives credit to the truth of the Scriptures, as a revelation from God; a Christian; -- in a more restricted sense, one who receives Christ as his Savior, and accepts the way of salvation unfolded in the gospel.
Belletristical (a.) Occupied with, or pertaining to, belles-lettres.
Benne (n.) The name of two plants (Sesamum orientale and S. indicum), originally Asiatic; -- also called oil plant. From their seeds an oil is expressed, called benne oil, used mostly for making soap. In the southern United States the seeds are used in candy.
Bennet (a.) The common yellow-flowered avens of Europe (Geum urbanum); herb bennet. The name is sometimes given to other plants, as the hemlock, valerian, etc.
Bequeath (v. t.) To give or leave by will; to give by testament; -- said especially of personal property.
Berber (n.) A member of a race somewhat resembling the Arabs, but often classed as Hamitic, who were formerly the inhabitants of the whole of North Africa from the Mediterranean southward into the Sahara, and who still occupy a large part of that region; -- called also Kabyles. Also, the language spoken by this people.
Besieger (n.) One who besieges; -- opposed to the besieged.
Better (n.) Advantage, superiority, or victory; -- usually with of; as, to get the better of an enemy.
Better (n.) One who has a claim to precedence; a superior, as in merit, social standing, etc.; -- usually in the plural.
Betterment (n.) An improvement of an estate which renders it better than mere repairing would do; -- generally used in the plural.
Berseem (n.) An Egyptian clover (Trifolium alexandrinum) extensively cultivated as a forage plant and soil-renewing crop in the alkaBibber (n.) One given to drinking alcoholic beverages too freely; a tippler; -- chiefly used in composition; as, winebibber.
Bible (n.) The Book by way of eminence, -- that is, the book which is made up of the writings accepted by Christians as of divine origin and authority, whether such writings be in the original language, or translated; the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments; -- sometimes in a restricted sense, the Old Testament; as, King James's Bible; Douay Bible; Luther's Bible. Also, the book which is made up of writings similarly accepted by the Jews; as, a rabbinical Bible.
Billed (a.) Furnished with, or having, a bill, as a bird; -- used in composition; as, broad-billed.
Binder (n.) Anything that binds, as a fillet, cord, rope, or band; a bandage; -- esp. the principal piece of timber intended to bind together any building.
Biocellate (a.) Having two ocelli (eyelike spots); -- said of a wing, etc.
Biogeny (n.) A doctrine that the genesis or production of living organisms can take place only through the agency of living germs or parents; -- opposed to abiogenesis.
Bismer (n.) The fifteen-spined (Gasterosteus spinachia).
Bitternut (n.) The swamp hickory (Carya amara). Its thin-shelled nuts are bitter.
Bittersweet (n.) A climbing shrub, with oval coral-red berries (Solanum dulcamara); woody nightshade. The whole plant is poisonous, and has a taste at first sweetish and then bitter. The branches are the officinal dulcamara.
Bittersweet (n.) An American woody climber (Celastrus scandens), whose yellow capsules open late in autumn, and disclose the red aril which covers the seeds; -- also called Roxbury waxwork.
Blade (n.) A sharp-witted, dashing, wild, or reckless, fellow; -- a word of somewhat indefinite meaning.
Bladed (a.) Having a blade or blades; as, a two-bladed knife.
Blazer (n.) The dish used when cooking directly over the flame of a chafing-dish lamp, or the coals of a brasier.
Blazer (n.) The dish used when cooking directly over the flame of a chafing-dish lamp, or the coals of a brasier.
Blameless (a.) Free from blame; without fault; innocent; guiltless; -- sometimes followed by of.
Blower (n.) The whale; -- so called by seamen, from the circumstance of its spouting up a column of water.
Bockelet (n.) A kind of long-winged hawk; -- called also bockerel, and bockeret.
Bodied (a.) Having a body; -- usually in composition; as, able-bodied.
Bogie (n.) A four-wheeled truck, having a certain amount of play around a vertical axis, used to support in part a locomotive on a railway track.
Bogue (v. i.) To fall off from the wind; to edge away to leeward; -- said only of inferior craft.
Bogue (n.) The boce; -- called also bogue bream. See Boce.
Booted (a.) Having an undivided, horny, bootlike covering; -- said of the tarsus of some birds.
Border (v. i.) To touch at the edge or boundary; to be contiguous or adjacent; -- with on or upon as, Connecticut borders on Massachusetts.
Bouget (n.) A charge representing a leather vessel for carrying water; -- also called water bouget.
Bowbell (n.) One born within hearing distance of Bow-bells; a cockney.
Brace (v. i.) To get tone or vigor; to rouse one's energies; -- with up.
Brave (superl.) Bold; courageous; daring; intrepid; -- opposed to cowardly; as, a brave man; a brave act.
Brave (superl.) Having any sort of superiority or excellence; -- especially such as in conspicuous.
Breve (n.) A note or character of time, equivalent to two semibreves or four minims. When dotted, it is equal to three semibreves. It was formerly of a square figure (as thus: / ), but is now made oval, with a Bridewell (n.) A house of correction for the confinement of disorderly persons; -- so called from a hospital built in 1553 near St. Bride's (or Bridget's) well, in London, which was subsequently a penal workhouse.
Brine (n.) Tears; -- so called from their saltness.
Brodekin (n.) A buskin or half-boot.
Browed (a.) Having (such) a brow; -- used in composition; as, dark-browed, stern-browed.
Bunker (n.) Hence, any rough hazardous ground on the links; also, an artificial hazard with built-up faces.
Bucker (n.) A broad-headed hammer used in bucking ore.
Budge (n.) A kind of fur prepared from lambskin dressed with the wool on; -- used formerly as an edging and ornament, esp. of scholastic habits.
Buffer (n.) A pad or cushion forming the end of a fender, which receives the blow; -- sometimes called buffing apparatus.
Buffer (n.) A good-humored, slow-witted fellow; -- usually said of an elderly man.
Bugger (n.) A wretch; -- sometimes used humorously or in playful disparagement.
Bugle (n.) A copper instrument of the horn quality of tone, shorter and more conical that the trumpet, sometimes keyed; formerly much used in military bands, very rarely in the orchestra; now superseded by the cornet; -- called also the Kent bugle.
Bulbed (a.) Having a bulb; round-headed.
Burden (n.) The tops or heads of stream-work which lie over the stream of tin.
Burgee (n.) A swallow-tailed flag; a distinguishing pennant, used by cutters, yachts, and merchant vessels.
Burnettize (v. t.) To subject (wood, fabrics, etc.) to a process of saturation in a solution of chloride of zinc, to prevent decay; -- a process invented by Sir William Burnett.
Bushel (n.) A dry measure, containing four pecks, eight gallons, or thirty-two quarts.
Bushelman (n.) A tailor's assistant for repairing garments; -- called also busheler.
Butlerage (n.) A duty of two shillings on every tun of wine imported into England by merchant strangers; -- so called because paid to the king's butler for the king.
Butte (n.) A detached low mountain, or high rising abruptly from the general level of the surrounding plain; -- applied to peculiar elevations in the Rocky Mountain region.
Butterbird (n.) The rice bunting or bobolink; -- so called in the island of Jamaica.
Butterbur (n.) A broad-leaved plant (Petasites vulgaris) of the Composite family, said to have been used in England for wrapping up pats of butter.
Buttercup (n.) A plant of the genus Ranunculus, or crowfoot, particularly R. bulbosus, with bright yellow flowers; -- called also butterflower, golden cup, and kingcup. It is the cuckoobud of Shakespeare.
Butternut (n.) An American tree (Juglans cinerea) of the Walnut family, and its edible fruit; -- so called from the oil contained in the latter. Sometimes called oil nut and white walnut.
Butternut (n.) The nut of the Caryocar butyrosum and C. nuciferum, of S. America; -- called also Souari nut.
Cable (n.) A molding, shaft of a column, or any other member of convex, rounded section, made to resemble the spiral twist of a rope; -- called also cable molding.
Cablelaid (a.) Composed of three three-stranded ropes, or hawsers, twisted together to form a cable.
Cablelaid (a.) Twisted after the manner of a cable; as, a cable-laid gold chain.
Cabrerite (n.) An apple-green mineral, a hydrous arseniate of nickel, cobalt, and magnesia; -- so named from the Sierra Cabrera, Spain.
Calve (v. i.) To throw off fragments which become icebergs; -- said of a glacier.
Cadmean (a.) Of or pertaining to Cadmus, a fabulous prince of Thebes, who was said to have introduced into Greece the sixteen simple letters of the alphabet -- /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /, /. These are called Cadmean letters.
Calced (a.) Wearing shoes; calceated; -- in distintion from discalced or barefooted; as the calced Carmelites.
Calceiform (a.) Shaped like a slipper, as one petal of the lady's-slipper; calceolate.
Calceolate (a.) Slipper-ahaped. See Calceiform.
Camberkeeled (a.) Having the keel arched upwards, but not actually hogged; -- said of a ship.
Cancelier (v. i.) To turn in flight; -- said of a hawk.
Candelabrum (n.) A highly ornamented stand of marble or other ponderous material, usually having three feet, -- frequently a votive offering to a temple.
Canker (n.) A corroding or sloughing ulcer; esp. a spreading gangrenous ulcer or collection of ulcers in or about the mouth; -- called also water canker, canker of the mouth, and noma.
Canker (n.) An obstinate and often incurable disease of a horse's foot, characterized by separation of the horny portion and the development of fungoid growths; -- usually resulting from neglected thrush.
Canker (n.) A kind of wild, worthless rose; the dog-rose.
Cankered (a.) Affected mentally or morally as with canker; sore, envenomed; malignant; fretful; ill-natured.
CappeCappeak (n.) The front piece of a cap; -- now more commonly called visor.
Capper (n.) A by-bidder; a decoy for gamblers [Slang, U. S.].
Carpellum (n.) A simple pistil or single-celled ovary or seed vessel, or one of the parts of a compound pistil, ovary, or seed vessel. See Illust of Carpaphore.
Carpetbag (n.) A portable bag for travelers; -- so called because originally made of carpet.
Carpetbagger (n.) An adventurer; -- a term of contempt for a Northern man seeking private gain or political advancement in the southern part of the United States after the Civil War (1865).
Carter (n.) Any species of Phalangium; -- also called harvestman
Carvelbuilt (a.) Having the planks meet flush at the seams, instead of lapping as in a clinker-built vessel.
Cashew (n.) A tree (Anacardium occidentale) of the same family which the sumac. It is native in tropical America, but is now naturalized in all tropical countries. Its fruit, a kidney-shaped nut, grows at the extremity of an edible, pear-shaped hypocarp, about three inches long.
Cathetus (n.) One Cause (n.) To effect as an agent; to produce; to be the occasion of; to bring about; to bring into existence; to make; -- usually followed by an infinitive, sometimes by that with a finite verb.
Causeless (a.) 1. Self-originating; uncreated.
Causeuse (n.) A kind of sofa for two persons. A tete-/-tete.
Cense (n.) A census; -- also, a public rate or tax.
Center (n.) A temporary structure upon which the materials of a vault or arch are supported in position until the work becomes self-supporting.
Cerberus (n.) A monster, in the shape of a three-headed dog, guarding the entrance into the infernal regions, Hence: Any vigilant custodian or guardian, esp. if surly.
Chafer (n.) A vessel for heating water; -- hence, a dish or pan.
Chase (v. t.) To follow as if to catch; to pursue; to compel to move on; to drive by following; to cause to fly; -- often with away or off; as, to chase the hens away.
Chase (n.) A kind of joint by which an overlap joint is changed to a flush joint, by means of a gradually deepening rabbet, as at the ends of clinker-built boats.
Chime (n.) To join in a conversation; to express assent; -- followed by in or in with.
Chined (a.) Pertaining to, or having, a chine, or backbone; -- used in composition.
Chisel (n.) A tool with a cutting edge on one end of a metal blade, used in dressing, shaping, or working in timber, stone, metal, etc.; -- usually driven by a mallet or hammer.
Chokeberry (n.) The small apple-shaped or pear-shaped fruit of an American shrub (Pyrus arbutifolia) growing in damp thickets; also, the shrub.
Choler (n.) The bile; -- formerly supposed to be the seat and cause of irascibility.
Chyme (n.) The pulpy mass of semi-digested food in the small intestines just after its passage from the stomach. It is separated in the intestines into chyle and excrement. See Chyle.
Clarence (n.) A close four-wheeled carriage, with one seat inside, and a seat for the driver.
Clarencieux (n.) See King-at-arms.
Clever (a.) Well-shaped; handsome.
Clever (a.) Good-natured; obliging.
Close (n.) To bring together the parts of; to consolidate; as, to close the ranks of an army; -- often used with up.
Close (v. i.) To grapple; to engage in hand-to-hand fight.
Close (v. t.) An inclosed place; especially, a small field or piece of land surrounded by a wall, hedge, or fence of any kind; -- specifically, the precinct of a cathedral or abbey.
Close (v. t.) Oppressive; without motion or ventilation; causing a feeling of lassitude; -- said of the air, weather, etc.
Close (v. t.) Adjoining; near; either in space; time, or thought; -- often followed by to.
Close (v. t.) Uttered with a relatively contracted opening of the mouth, as certain sounds of e and o in French, Italian, and German; -- opposed to open.
Closehauled (a.) Under way and moving as nearly as possible toward the direction from which the wind blows; -- said of a sailing vessel.
Closereefed (a.) Having all the reefs taken in; -- said of a sail.
Clove (v. t.) A cleft; a gap; a ravine; -- rarely used except as part of a proper name; as, Kaaterskill Clove; Stone Clove.
Clypeastroid (a.) Like or related to the genus Clupeaster; -- applied to a group of flattened sea urchins, with a rosette of pores on the upper side.
Clypeiform (a.) Shield-shaped; clypeate.
Cobaea (n.) A genus of climbing plants, native of Mexico and South America. C. scandens is a conservatory climber with large bell-shaped flowers.
Cooee (n.) A peculiar cry uttered by the Australian aborigines as a call to attract attention, and also in common use among the Australian colonists. In the actual call the first syllable is much prolonged (k/"-) and the second ends in a shrill, staccato /. To represent the sound itself the spelling cooee is generally used.
Couleur (n.) Color; -- chiefly used in a few French phrases, as couler de rose, color of rose; and hence, adjectively, rose-colored; roseate.
Couleur (n.) A suit of cards, as hearts or clubs; -- used in some French games.
Coble (n.) A flat-floored fishing boat with a lug sail, and a drop rudder extending from two to four feet below the keel. It was originally used on the stormy coast of Yorkshire, England.
Cocleariform (a.) Spoon-shaped.
Cocker (n.) A rustic high shoe or half-boots.
Codger (n.) A singular or odd person; -- a familiar, humorous, or depreciatory appellation.
Coffer (n.) Fig.: Treasure or funds; -- usually in the plural.
Cofferdam (n.) A water-tight inclosure, as of piles packed with clay, from which the water is pumped to expose the bottom (of a river, etc.) and permit the laying of foundations, building of piers, etc.
Coiner (n.) One who makes or stamps coin; a maker of money; -- usually, a maker of counterfeit money.
Collected (a.) Self-possessed; calm; composed.
Collectedness (n.) A collected state of the mind; self-possession.
Comment (v. i.) To make remarks, observations, or criticism; especially, to write notes on the works of an author, with a view to illustrate his meaning, or to explain particular passages; to write annotations; -- often followed by on or upon.
Commentary (v. i.) A brief account of transactions or events written hastily, as if for a memorandum; -- usually in the plural; as, Caesar's Commentaries on the Gallic War.
Compensate (v. i.) To make amends; to supply an equivalent; -- followed by for; as, nothing can compensate for the loss of reputation.
Compensation (n.) The extinction of debts of which two persons are reciprocally debtors by the credits of which they are reciprocally creditors; the payment of a debt by a credit of equal amount; a set-off.
Compensator (n.) One who, or that which, compensates; -- a name applied to various mechanical devices.
Competent (a.) Rightfully or properly belonging; incident; -- followed by to.
Competition (n.) The act of seeking, or endeavoring to gain, what another is endeavoring to gain at the same time; common strife for the same objects; strife for superiority; emulous contest; rivalry, as for approbation, for a prize, or as where two or more persons are engaged in the same business and each seeking patronage; -- followed by for before the object sought, and with before the person or thing competed with.
Conceive (v. i.) To have a conception, idea, or opinion; think; -- with of.
Concentrate (v. t.) To increase the strength and diminish the bulk of, as of a liquid or an ore; to intensify, by getting rid of useless material; to condense; as, to concentrate acid by evaporation; to concentrate by washing; -- opposed to dilute.
Concertino (n.) A piece for one or more solo instruments with orchestra; -- more concise than the concerto.
Concertmeister (n.) The head violinist or leader of the strings in an orchestra; the sub-leader of the orchestra; concert master.
Condemn (v. t.) To pronounce a judicial sentence against; to sentence to punishment, suffering, or loss; to doom; -- with to before the penalty.
Condemn (v. t.) To amerce or fine; -- with in before the penalty.
Confederate (a.) Of or pertaining to the government of the eleven Southern States of the United States which (1860-1865) attempted to establish an independent nation styled the Confederate States of America; as, the Confederate congress; Confederate money.
Confederate (n.) A name designating an adherent to the cause of the States which attempted to withdraw from the Union (1860-1865).
Conferruminated (a.) Closely united by the coalescence, or sticking together, of contiguous faces, as in the case of the cotyledons of the live-oak acorn.
Conferva (n.) Any unbranched, slender, green plant of the fresh-water algae. The word is frequently used in a wider sense.
Confess (v. t.) To make known or acknowledge, as one's sins to a priest, in order to receive absolution; -- sometimes followed by the reflexive pronoun.
Confess (v. t.) To hear or receive such confession; -- said of a priest.
Conger (n.) The conger eel; -- called also congeree.
Congested (a.) Containing an unnatural accumulation of blood; hyperaemic; -- said of any part of the body.
Connection (n.) A relation; esp. a person connected with another by marriage rather than by blood; -- used in a loose and indefinite, and sometimes a comprehensive, sense.
Consecutive (a.) Having similarity of sequence; -- said of certain parallel progressions of two parts in a piece of harmony; as, consecutive fifths, or consecutive octaves, which are forbidden.
Consequential (a.) Assuming or exhibiting an air of consequence; pretending to importance; pompous; self-important; as, a consequential man. See Consequence, n., 4.
Conservative (a.) Of or pertaining to a political party which favors the conservation of existing institutions and forms of government, as the Conservative party in England; -- contradistinguished from Liberal and Radical.
Conservative (n.) One who desires to maintain existing institutions and customs; also, one who holds moderate opinions in politics; -- opposed to revolutionary or radical.
Contest (v. i.) To engage in contention, or emulation; to contend; to strive; to vie; to emulate; -- followed usually by with.
Conventicle (n.) An assembly for religious worship; esp., such an assembly held privately, as in times of persecution, by Nonconformists or Dissenters in England, or by Covenanters in Scotland; -- often used opprobriously, as if those assembled were heretics or schismatics.
Convention (v. i.) A meeting or an assembly of persons, esp. of delegates or representatives, to accomplish some specific object, -- civil, social, political, or ecclesiastical.
Convention (v. i.) An extraordinary assembly of the parkiament or estates of the realm, held without the king's writ, -- as the assembly which restored Charles II. to the throne, and that which declared the throne to be abdicated by James II.
Conversant (a.) Familiar or acquainted by use or study; well-informed; versed; -- generally used with with, sometimes with in.
Conversative (a.) Relating to intercourse with men; social; -- opposed to contemplative.
Conversazioni (pl. ) of Conversazi-one
Converse (v. i.) To keep company; to hold intimate intercourse; to commune; -- followed by with.
Converse (v. i.) To engage in familiar colloquy; to interchange thoughts and opinions in a free, informal manner; to chat; -- followed by with before a person; by on, about, concerning, etc., before a thing.
Converse (v. i.) To have knowledge of, from long intercourse or study; -- said of things.
Convertend (n.) Any proposition which is subject to the process of conversion; -- so called in its relation to itself as converted, after which process it is termed the converse. See Converse, n. (Logic).
Convex (a.) Rising or swelling into a spherical or rounded form; regularly protuberant or bulging; -- said of a spherical surface or curved Conveyor (n.) A contrivance for carrying objects from place to place; esp., one for conveying grain, coal, etc., -- as a spiral or screw turning in a pipe or trough, an endless belt with buckets, or a truck running along a rope.
Cooter (n.) A fresh-water tortoise (Pseudemus concinna) of Florida.
Copperhead (n.) A poisonous American serpent (Ancistrodon conotortrix), closely allied to the rattlesnake, but without rattles; -- called also copper-belly, and red viper.
Copperworm (n.) The teredo; -- so called because it injures the bottoms of vessels, where not protected by copper.
Copse (v. t.) To trim or cut; -- said of small trees, brushwood, tufts of grass, etc.
Coquette (n.) A vain, trifling woman, who endeavors to attract admiration from a desire to gratify vanity; a flirt; -- formerly sometimes applied also to men.
Cordelier (n.) A Franciscan; -- so called in France from the girdle of knotted cord worn by all Franciscans.
Cornet (n.) A brass instrument, with cupped mouthpiece, and furnished with valves or pistons, now used in bands, and, in place of the trumpet, in orchestras. See Cornet-a-piston.
Cornet (n.) A troop of cavalry; -- so called from its being accompanied by a cornet player.
Correct (v. t.) To counteract the qualities of one thing by those of another; -- said of whatever is wrong or injurious; as, to correct the acidity of the stomach by alkaCorreligionist (n.) A co-religion/ist.
Correspond (v. i.) To be like something else in the dimensions and arrangement of its parts; -- followed by with or to; as, concurring figures correspond with each other throughout.
Correspond (v. i.) To be adapted; to be congruous; to suit; to agree; to fit; to answer; -- followed by to.
Correspond (v. i.) To have intercourse or communion; especially, to hold intercourse or to communicate by sending and receiving letters; -- followed by with.
Corselet (n.) Armor for the body, as, the body breastplate and backpiece taken together; -- also, used for the entire suit of the day, including breastplate and backpiece, tasset and headpiece.
Corvette (n.) A war vessel, ranking next below a frigate, and having usually only one tier of guns; -- called in the United States navy a sloop of war.
Cotter (n.) A piece of wood or metal, commonly wedge-shaped, used for fastening together parts of a machine or structure. It is driven into an opening through one or all of the parts. [See Illust.] In the United States a cotter is commonly called a key.
Coupe (n.) A four-wheeled close carriage for two persons inside, with an outside seat for the driver; -- so called because giving the appearance of a larger carriage cut off.
Couped (a.) Cut off smoothly, as distinguished from erased; -- used especially for the head or limb of an animal. See Erased.
Cowberry (n.) A species of Vaccinium (V. Vitis-idaea), which bears acid red berries which are sometimes used in cookery; -- locally called mountain cranberry.
Crake (n.) Any species or rail of the genera Crex and Porzana; -- so called from its singular cry. See Corncrake.
Crane (n.) A measure for fresh herrings, -- as many as will fill a barrel.
Crane (n.) A machine for raising and lowering heavy weights, and, while holding them suspended, transporting them through a limited lateral distance. In one form it consists of a projecting arm or jib of timber or iron, a rotating post or base, and the necessary tackle, windlass, etc.; -- so called from a fancied similarity between its arm and the neck of a crane See Illust. of Derrick.
Crane (n.) A forked post or projecting bracket to support spars, etc., -- generally used in pairs. See Crotch, 2.
Crane (v. t.) To cause to rise; to raise or lift, as by a crane; -- with up.
Crate (n.) A box or case whose sides are of wooden slats with interspaces, -- used especially for transporting fruit.
Crater (n.) A constellation of the southen hemisphere; -- called also the Cup.
Crateriform (a.) Having the form of a shallow bowl; -- said of a corolla.
Craven (n.) A recreant; a coward; a weak-hearted, spiritless fellow. See Recreant, n.
Craze (n.) A temporary passion or infatuation, as for same new amusement, pursuit, or fashion; as, the bric-a-brac craze; the aesthetic craze.
Credendum (n.) A thing to be believed; an article of faith; -- distinguished from agendum, a practical duty.
Criber (n.) Alt. of Crib-biter
Crone (n.) An old woman; -- usually in contempt.
Crude (superl.) Not reduced to order or form; unfinished; not arranged or prepared; ill-considered; immature.
Creme (n.) Cream; -- a term used esp. in cookery, names of liqueurs, etc.
Culverin (n.) A long cannon of the 16th century, usually an 18-pounder with serpent-shaped handles.
Cunner (n.) A small edible fish of the Atlantic coast (Ctenolabrus adspersus); -- called also chogset, burgall, blue perch, and bait stealer.
Curfew (n.) The ringing of an evening bell, originally a signal to the inhabitants to cover fires, extinguish lights, and retire to rest, -- instituted by William the Conqueror; also, the bell itself.
Cutter (n.) A small armed vessel, usually a steamer, in the revenue marine service; -- also called revenue cutter.
Cutter (n.) A small, light one-horse sleigh.
Cutter (n.) A kind of soft yellow brick, used for facework; -- so called from the facility with which it can be cut.
Cyamellone (n.) A complex derivative of cyanogen, regarded as an acid, and known chiefly in its salts; -- called also hydromellonic acid.
Cypsela (n.) A one-seeded, one-celled, indehiscent fruit; an achene with the calyx tube adherent.
Dagger (n.) A mark of reference in the form of a dagger [/]. It is the second in order when more than one reference occurs on a page; -- called also obelisk.
Dandelion (n.) A well-known plant of the genus Taraxacum (T. officinale, formerly called T. Dens-leonis and Leontodos Taraxacum) bearing large, yellow, compound flowers, and deeply notched leaves.
Darter (n.) The snakebird, a water bird of the genus Plotus; -- so called because it darts out its long, snakelike neck at its prey. See Snakebird.
Darter (n.) A small fresh-water etheostomoid fish. The group includes numerous genera and species, all of them American. See Etheostomoid.
Debtee (n.) One to whom a debt is due; creditor; -- correlative to debtor.
Decker (n.) A vessel which has a deck or decks; -- used esp. in composition; as, a single-decker; a three-decker.
Decrease (n.) To grow less, -- opposed to increase; to be diminished gradually, in size, degree, number, duration, etc., or in strength, quality, or excellence; as, they days decrease in length from June to December.
Decreation (n.) Destruction; -- opposed to creation.
Decree (v. i.) To make decrees; -- used absolutely.
Decrement (n.) The quantity lost by gradual diminution or waste; -- opposed to increment.
Decrescendo (a. & adv.) With decreasing volume of sound; -- a direction to performers, either written upon the staff (abbreviated Dec., or Decresc.), or indicated by the sign.
Dennet (n.) A light, open, two-wheeled carriage for one horse; a kind of gig.
Deoperculate (a.) Having the lid removed; -- said of the capsules of mosses.
Depressed (a.) Concave on the upper side; -- said of a leaf whose disk is lower than the border.
Depressed (a.) Lying flat; -- said of a stem or leaf which lies close to the ground.
Depressed (a.) Having the vertical diameter shorter than the horizontal or transverse; -- said of the bodies of animals, or of parts of the bodies.
Depression (n.) The operation of reducing to a lower degree; -- said of equations.
Descend (v. i.) To pass from a higher to a lower place; to move downwards; to come or go down in any way, as by falling, flowing, walking, etc.; to plunge; to fall; to incDescend (v. i.) To make an attack, or incursion, as if from a vantage ground; to come suddenly and with violence; -- with on or upon.
Descendant (n.) One who descends, as offspring, however remotely; -- correlative to ancestor or ascendant.
Descent (n.) Incursion; sudden attack; especially, hostile invasion from sea; -- often followed by upon or on; as, to make a descent upon the enemy.
Desperate (a.) Extreme, in a bad sense; outrageous; -- used to mark the extreme predominance of a bad quality.
Deuterocanonical (a.) Pertaining to a second canon, or ecclesiastical writing of inferior authority; -- said of the Apocrypha, certain Epistles, etc.
Deuterogamy (n.) A second marriage, after the death of the first husband of wife; -- in distinction from bigamy, as defined in the old canon law. See Bigamy.
Deuterogenic (a.) Of secondary origin; -- said of certain rocks whose material has been derived from older rocks.
Dexter (a.) On the right-hand side of a shield, i. e., towards the right hand of its wearer. To a spectator in front, as in a pictorial representation, this would be the left side.
Dexterity (n.) Right-handedness.
Diadem (n.) Regal power; sovereignty; empire; -- considered as symbolized by the crown.
Dieresis (n.) The separation or resolution of one syllable into two; -- the opposite of synaeresis.
Dickey () Any small bird; -- called also dickey bird.
Dickey () A seat for the driver; -- called also dickey box.
Differ (v. i.) To be or stand apart; to disagree; to be unlike; to be distinguished; -- with from.
Differ (v. i.) To be of unlike or opposite opinion; to disagree in sentiment; -- often with from or with.
Diggers (n. pl.) A degraded tribe of California Indians; -- so called from their practice of digging roots for food.
Digression (n.) The elongation, or angular distance from the sun; -- said chiefly of the inferior planets.
Diogenes (n.) A Greek Cynic philosopher (412?-323 B. C.) who lived much in Athens and was distinguished for contempt of the common aims and conditions of life, and for sharp, caustic sayings.
Dipteral (a.) Having a double row of columns on each on the flanks, as well as in front and rear; -- said of a temple.
Dipterous (a.) Having two wings; two-winged.
Dipterygian (a.) Having two dorsal fins; -- said of certain fishes.
Discerning (a.) Acute; shrewd; sagacious; sharp-sighted.
Dishevel (v. t.) To suffer (the hair) to hang loosely or disorderly; to spread or throw (the hair) in disorder; -- used chiefly in the passive participle.
Dispense (v. t.) To exempt; to excuse; to absolve; -- with from.
Disseize (v. t.) To deprive of seizin or possession; to dispossess or oust wrongfully (one in freehold possession of land); -- followed by of; as, to disseize a tenant of his freehold.
Disseizee (n.) A person disseized, or put out of possession of an estate unlawfully; -- correlative to disseizor.
Dissent (v. i.) To differ in opinion; to be of unlike or contrary sentiment; to disagree; -- followed by from.
Dissentaneous (a.) Disagreeing; contrary; differing; -- opposed to consentaneous.
Distemper (v. t.) To deprive of temper or moderation; to disturb; to ruffle; to make disaffected, ill-humored, or malignant.
Distemper (v. t.) A morbid state of the animal system; indisposition; malady; disorder; -- at present chiefly applied to diseases of brutes; as, a distemper in dogs; the horse distemper; the horn distemper in cattle.
Dogberry (n.) The berry of the dogwood; -- called also dogcherry.
Dogger (n.) A two-masted fishing vessel, used by the Dutch.
Donee (n.) Anciently, one to whom lands were given; in later use, one to whom lands and tenements are given in tail; in modern use, one on whom a power is conferred for execution; -- sometimes called the appointor.
Dowle (n.) Feathery or wool-like down; filament of a feather.
Dragees (n. pl.) Sugar-coated medicines.
Drake (n.) Wild oats, brome grass, or darnel grass; -- called also drawk, dravick, and drank.
Drakestone (n.) A flat stone so thrown along the surface of water as to skip from point to point before it sinks; also, the sport of so throwing stones; -- sometimes called ducks and drakes.
Drapery (n.) The occupation of a draper; cloth-making, or dealing in cloth.
Drawee (n.) The person on whom an order or bill of exchange is drawn; -- the correlative of drawer.
Drawer (n.) One who draws a bill of exchange or order for payment; -- the correlative of drawee.
Drawer (n.) An under-garment worn on the lower limbs.
Drive (n.) A wooden-headed golf club with a long shaft, for playing the longest strokes.
Drive (v. t.) To pass away; -- said of time.
Drive (v. i.) To press forward; to aim, or tend, to a point; to make an effort; to strive; -- usually with at.
Drive (n.) The act of driving; a trip or an excursion in a carriage, as for exercise or pleasure; -- distinguished from a ride taken on horseback.
Driver (n.) The after sail in a ship or bark, being a fore-and-aft sail attached to a gaff; a spanker.
Dronepipe (n.) One of the low-toned tubes of a bagpipe.
Drosera (n.) A genus of low perennial or biennial plants, the leaves of which are beset with gland-tipped bristles. See Sundew.
Drove (n.) A broad chisel used to bring stone to a nearly smooth surface; -- called also drove chisel.
Drove (n.) The grooved surface of stone finished by the drove chisel; -- called also drove work.
Dudgeon (n.) A dudgeon-hafted dagger; a dagger.
Dunker (n.) One of a religious denomination whose tenets and practices are mainly those of the Baptists, but partly those of the Quakers; -- called also Tunkers, Dunkards, Dippers, and, by themselves, Brethren, and German Baptists.
Duodecimo (n.) A book consisting of sheets each of which is folded into twelve leaves; hence, indicating, more or less definitely, a size of a book; -- usually written 12mo or 12?.
Duster (n.) A revolving wire-cloth cylinder which removes the dust from rags, etc.
Duster (n.) A light over-garment, worn in traveling to protect the clothing from dust.
Duykerbok (n.) A small South African antelope (Cephalous mergens); -- called also impoon, and deloo.
Eagre (n.) A wave, or two or three successive waves, of great height and violence, at flood tide moving up an estuary or river; -- commonly called the bore. See Bore.
Earnest (a.) Ardent in the pursuit of an object; eager to obtain or do; zealous with sincerity; with hearty endeavor; heartfelt; fervent; hearty; -- used in a good sense; as, earnest prayers.
Easter (v. i.) To veer to the east; -- said of the wind.
Easterling (n.) A native of a country eastward of another; -- used, by the English, of traders or others from the coasts of the Baltic.
Eccle (n.) The European green woodpecker; -- also called ecall, eaquall, yaffle.
Eisteddfod (n.) Am assembly or session of the Welsh bards; an annual congress of bards, minstrels and literati of Wales, -- being a patriotic revival of the old custom.
Either (a. & pron.) One of two; the one or the other; -- properly used of two things, but sometimes of a larger number, for any one.
Either (a. & pron.) Each of two; the one and the other; both; -- formerly, also, each of any number.
Elater (n.) Any beetle of the family Elateridae, having the habit, when laid on the back, of giving a sudden upward spring, by a quick movement of the articulation between the abdomen and thorax; -- called also click beetle, spring beetle, and snapping beetle.
Elaterite (n.) A mineral resin, of a blackish brown color, occurring in soft, flexible masses; -- called also mineral caoutchouc, and elastic bitumen.
Eleven (n.) The eleven men selected to play on one side in a match, as the representatives of a club or a locality; as, the all-England eleven.
Elope (v. t.) To run away, or escape privately, from the place or station to which one is bound by duty; -- said especially of a woman or a man, either married or unmarried, who runs away with a paramour or a sweetheart.
Elopement (n.) The act of eloping; secret departure; -- said of a woman and a man, one or both, who run away from their homes for marriage or for cohabitation.
Emblement (n.) The growing crop, or profits of a crop which has been sown or planted; -- used especially in the plural. The produce of grass, trees, and the like, is not emblement.
Emydea (n. pl.) A group of chelonians which comprises many species of fresh-water tortoises and terrapins.
Endless (a.) Without end; having no end or conclusion; perpetual; interminable; -- applied to length, and to duration; as, an endless Enseel (v. t.) To close eyes of; to seel; -- said in reference to a hawk.
Epicene (a. & n.) Common to both sexes; -- a term applied, in grammar, to such nouns as have but one form of gender, either the mascuEpideictic (a.) Serving to show forth, explain, or exhibit; -- applied by the Greeks to a kind of oratory, which, by full amplification, seeks to persuade.
Epidemical (a.) Common to, or affecting at the same time, a large number in a community; -- applied to a disease which, spreading widely, attacks many persons at the same time; as, an epidemic disease; an epidemic catarrh, fever, etc. See Endemic.
Epigene (a.) Foreign; unnatural; unusual; -- said of forms of crystals not natural to the substances in which they are found.
Epigene (a.) Formed originating on the surface of the earth; -- opposed to hypogene; as, epigene rocks.
Epileptogenous (a.) Producing epilepsy or epileptoid convulsions; -- applied to areas of the body or of the nervous system, stimulation of which produces convulsions.
Epiperipheral (a.) Connected with, or having its origin upon, the external surface of the body; -- especially applied to the feelings which originate at the extremities of nerves distributed on the outer surface, as the sensation produced by touching an object with the finger; -- opposed to entoperipheral.
Epizeuxis (n.) A figure by which a word is repeated with vehemence or emphasis, as in the following Epode (n.) The after song; the part of a lyric ode which follows the strophe and antistrophe, -- the ancient ode being divided into strophe, antistrophe, and epode.
Erase (v. t.) Fig.: To obliterate; to expunge; to blot out; -- used of ideas in the mind or memory.
Erased (p. pr. & a.) Represented with jagged and uneven edges, as is torn off; -- used esp. of the head or limb of a beast. Cf. Couped.
Erode (v. t.) To produce by erosion, or wearing away; as, glaciers erode U-shaped valleys.
Erotesis (n.) A figure o/ speech by which a strong affirmation of the contrary, is implied under the form o/ an earnest interrogation, as in the following Esoteric (a.) Designed for, and understood by, the specially initiated alone; not communicated, or not intelligible, to the general body of followers; private; interior; acroamatic; -- said of the private and more recondite instructions and doctrines of philosophers. Opposed to exoteric.
Esotery (n.) Mystery; esoterics; -- opposed to exotery.
Estreat (v. t.) To extract or take out from the records of a court, and send up to the court of exchequer to be enforced; -- said of a forfeited recognizance.
Eudaemonics (n.) That part of moral philosophy which treats of happiness; the science of happiness; -- contrasted with aretaics.
Eudaemonism (n.) That system of ethics which defines and enforces moral obligation by its relation to happiness or personal well-being.
Euplectella (n.) A genus of elegant, glassy sponges, consisting of interwoven siliceous fibers, and growing in the form of a cornucopia; -- called also Venus's flower-basket.
Evade (v. t.) To escape; to slip away; -- sometimes with from.
Evidence (n.) That which is legally submitted to competent tribunal, as a means of ascertaining the truth of any alleged matter of fact under investigation before it; means of making proof; -- the latter, strictly speaking, not being synonymous with evidence, but rather the effect of it.
Exceed (v. t.) To go beyond; to proceed beyond the given or supposed limit or measure of; to outgo; to surpass; -- used both in a good and a bad sense; as, one man exceeds another in bulk, stature, weight, power, skill, etc.; one offender exceeds another in villainy; his rank exceeds yours.
Exchequer (n.) One of the superior courts of law; -- so called from a checkered cloth, which covers, or formerly covered, the table. Exclamation (n.) A mark or sign by which outcry or emphatic utterance is marked; thus [!]; -- called also exclamation point.
Exegetist (n.) One versed in the science of exegesis or interpretation; -- also called exegete.
Exogen (n.) A plant belonging to one of the greater part of the vegetable kingdom, and which the plants are characterized by having c wood bark, and pith, the wood forming a layer between the other two, and increasing, if at all, by the animal addition of a new layer to the outside next to the bark. The leaves are commonly netted-veined, and the number of cotyledons is two, or, very rarely, several in a whorl. Cf. Endogen.
Exogenous (a.) Pertaining to, or having the character of, an exogen; -- the opposite of endogenous.
Exogenous (a.) Growing from previously ossified parts; -- opposed to autogenous.
Exoterical (a.) External; public; suitable to be imparted to the public; hence, capable of being readily or fully comprehended; -- opposed to esoteric, or secret.
Express (a.) To make known the opinions or feelings of; to declare what is in the mind of; to show (one's self); to cause to appear; -- used reflexively.
Expressive (a.) Serving to express, utter, or represent; indicative; communicative; -- followed by of; as, words expressive of his gratitude.
Extreme (a.) Last; final; conclusive; -- said of time; as, the extreme hour of life.
Extreme (a.) Extended or contracted as much as possible; -- said of intervals; as, an extreme sharp second; an extreme flat forth.
Extreme (n.) Utmost limit or degree that is supposable or tolerable; hence, furthest degree; any undue departure from the mean; -- often in the plural: things at an extreme distance from each other, the most widely different states, etc.; as, extremes of heat and cold, of virtue and vice; extremes meet.
Eyelet (n.) A metal ring or grommet, or short metallic tube, the ends of which can be bent outward and over to fasten it in place; -- used to Eyeleteer (n.) A small, sharp-pointed instrument used in piercing eyelet holes; a stiletto. Eyen (n.) Plural of eye; -- now obsolete, or used only in poetry.
Faineancy (n.) Do-nothingness; inactivity; indolence.
Faineant (n.) A do-nothing; an idle fellow; a sluggard.
Falter (v. & n.) To fail in distinctness or regularity of exercise; -- said of the mind or of thought.
Farse (n.) An addition to, or a paraphrase of, some part of the Latin service in the vernacular; -- common in English before the Reformation.
Fascet (n.) A wire basket on the end of a rod to carry glass bottles, etc., to the annealing furnace; also, an iron rod to be thrust into the mouths of bottles, and used for the same purpose; -- called also pontee and punty.
Father (n.) A male ancestor more remote than a parent; a progenitor; especially, a first ancestor; a founder of a race or family; -- in the plural, fathers, ancestors.
Father (n.) One of the chief esslesiastical authorities of the first centuries after Christ; -- often spoken of collectively as the Fathers; as, the Latin, Greek, or apostolic Fathers.
Fatness (n.) The quality or state of being fat, plump, or full-fed; corpulency; fullness of flesh.
Faucet (n.) A fixture for drawing a liquid, as water, molasses, oil, etc., from a pipe, cask, or other vessel, in such quantities as may be desired; -- called also tap, and cock. It consists of a tubular spout, stopped with a movable plug, spigot, valve, or slide.
Fermeture (n.) The mechanism for closing the breech of a breech-loading firearm, in artillery consisting principally of the breechblock, obturator, and carrier ring.
Fence (n.) Self-defense by the use of the sword; the art and practice of fencing and sword play; hence, skill in debate and repartee. See Fencing.
Ferret (n.) To drive or hunt out of a lurking place, as a ferret does the cony; to search out by patient and sagacious efforts; -- often used with out; as, to ferret out a secret.
Ferret (n.) A kind of narrow tape, usually made of woolen; sometimes of cotton or silk; -- called also ferreting.
Fifteenth (a.) Next in order after the fourteenth; -- the ordinal of fifteen.
Pigpecker (n.) The European garden warbler (Sylvia, / Currica, hortensis); -- called also beccafico and greater pettychaps.
Filiety (n.) The relation of a son to a father; sonship; -- the correlative of paternity.
Flabelliform (a.) Having the form of a fan; fan-shaped; flabellate.
FlabelFlagellant (n.) One of a fanatical sect which flourished in Europe in the 13th and 14th centuries, and maintained that flagellation was of equal virtue with baptism and the sacrament; -- called also disciplinant.
Flobert (n.) A small cartridge designed for target shooting; -- sometimes called ball cap.
Flowering (a.) Having conspicuous flowers; -- used as an epithet with many names of plants; as, flowering ash; flowering dogwood; flowering almond, etc.
Flugel (n.) A grand piano or a harpsichord, both being wing-shaped.
Flute (v. i.) A channel of curved section; -- usually applied to one of a vertical series of such channels used to decorate columns and pilasters in classical architecture. See Illust. under Base, n.
Fodientia (n.pl.) A group of African edentates including the aard-vark.
Forbear (n.) An ancestor; a forefather; -- usually in the plural.
Forbearance (n.) The quality of being forbearing; indulgence toward offenders or enemies; long-suffering.
Forbearing (a.) Disposed or accustomed to forbear; patient; long-suffering.
Force (n.) Strength or power for war; hence, a body of land or naval combatants, with their appurtenances, ready for action; -- an armament; troops; warlike array; -- often in the plural; hence, a body of men prepared for action in other ways; as, the laboring force of a plantation.
Force (n.) To impel, drive, wrest, extort, get, etc., by main strength or violence; -- with a following adverb, as along, away, from, into, through, out, etc.
Forceps (n.) The caudal forceps-shaped appendage of earwigs and some other insects. See Earwig.
Forfeit (n.) Something deposited and redeemable by a sportive fine; -- whence the game of forfeits.
Forfeit (n.) To lose, or lose the right to, by some error, fault, offense, or crime; to render one's self by misdeed liable to be deprived of; to alienate the right to possess, by some neglect or crime; as, to forfeit an estate by treason; to forfeit reputation by a breach of promise; -- with to before the one acquiring what is forfeited.
Forge (v. t.) To move heavily and slowly, as a ship after the sails are furled; to work one's way, as one ship in outsailing another; -- used especially in the phrase to forge ahead.
Forte (n.) The stronger part of the blade of a sword; the part of half nearest the hilt; -- opposed to foible.
Fossette (n.) A small, deep-centered ulcer of the transparent cornea.
Fosseway (n.) One of the great military roads constructed by the Romans in England and other parts of Europe; -- so called from the fosse or ditch on each side for keeping it dry.
Foster (v. t.) Relating to nourishment; affording, receiving, or sharing nourishment or nurture; -- applied to father, mother, child, brother, etc., to indicate that the person so called stands in the relation of parent, child, brother, etc., as regards sustenance and nurture, but not by tie of blood.
Frowey (a.) Working smoothly, or without splitting; -- said of timber.
Frozen (a.) Cold-hearted; unsympathetic; unyielding.
Fudge (n.) A made-up story; stuff; nonsense; humbug; -- often an exclamation of contempt.
Fuller (a.) A die; a half-round set hammer, used for forming grooves and spreading iron; -- called also a creaser.
Furze (n.) A thorny evergreen shrub (Ulex Europaeus), with beautiful yellow flowers, very common upon the plains and hills of Great Britain; -- called also gorse, and whin. The dwarf furze is Ulex nanus.
Furzechat (n.) The whinchat; -- called also furzechuck.
Furzeling (n.) An English warbler (Melizophilus provincialis); -- called also furze wren, and Dartford warbler.
Fusted (a.) Moldy; ill-smelling.
Gablet (n.) A small gable, or gable-shaped canopy, formed over a tabernacle, niche, etc.
Gaited (a.) Having (such) a gait; -- used in composition; as, slow-gaited; heavy-gaited.
Gallery (a.) A long and narrow platform attached to one or more sides of public hall or the interior of a church, and supported by brackets or columns; -- sometimes intended to be occupied by musicians or spectators, sometimes designed merely to increase the capacity of the hall.
Gallery (a.) A frame, like a balcony, projecting from the stern or quarter of a ship, and hence called stern gallery or quarter gallery, -- seldom found in vessels built since 1850.
Galley (n.) A large vessel for war and national purposes; -- common in the Middle Ages, and down to the 17th century.
Galley (n.) One of the small boats carried by a man-of-war.
Galley (n.) The cookroom or kitchen and cooking apparatus of a vessel; -- sometimes on merchant vessels called the caboose.
Gammer (n.) An old wife; an old woman; -- correlative of gaffer, an old man.
Garden (n.) A rich, well-cultivated spot or tract of country.
Gardenia (n.) A genus of plants, some species of which produce beautiful and fragrant flowers; Cape jasmine; -- so called in honor of Dr. Alexander Garden.
Gauge (n.) Any instrument or apparatus for measuring the state of a phenomenon, or for ascertaining its numerical elements at any moment; -- usually applied to some particular instrument; as, a rain gauge; a steam gauge.
Gelsemine (n.) An alkaloid obtained from the yellow jasmine (Gelsemium sempervirens), as a bitter white semicrystalGenteel (a.) Possessing or exhibiting the qualities popularly regarded as belonging to high birth and breeding; free from vulgarity, or lowness of taste or behavior; adapted to a refined or cultivated taste; polite; well-bred; as, genteel company, manners, address.
Geocentrical (a.) Having reference to the earth as center; in relation to or seen from the earth, -- usually opposed to heliocentric, as seen from the sun; as, the geocentric longitude or latitude of a planet.
Geodephagous (a.) Living in the earth; -- applied to the ground beetles.
Geometrid (n.) One of numerous genera and species of moths, of the family Geometridae; -- so called because their larvae (called loopers, measuring worms, spanworms, and inchworms) creep in a looping manner, as if measuring. Many of the species are injurious to agriculture, as the cankerworms.
Gieseckite (n.) A mineral occurring in greenish gray six-sided prisms, having a greasy luster. It is probably a pseudomorph after elaeolite.
Gladen (n.) Sword grass; any plant with sword-shaped leaves, esp. the European Iris foetidissima.
Gladeye (n.) The European yellow-hammer.
Glare (n.) Smooth and bright or translucent; -- used almost exclusively of ice; as, skating on glare ice.
Globe (n.) The earth; the terraqueous ball; -- usually preceded by the definite article.
Globe (n.) A round model of the world; a spherical representation of the earth or heavens; as, a terrestrial or celestial globe; -- called also artificial globe.
Globe (n.) A body of troops, or of men or animals, drawn up in a circle; -- a military formation used by the Romans, answering to the modern infantry square.
Globeflower (n.) A plant of the genus Trollius (T. Europaeus), found in the mountainous parts of Europe, and producing handsome globe-shaped flowers.
Glace (a.) Coated with icing; iced; glazed; -- said of fruits, sweetmeats, cake, etc.
Goose (n.) Any large web-footen bird of the subfamily Anserinae, and belonging to Anser, Branta, Chen, and several allied genera. See Anseres.
Goosewinged (a.) Said of a fore-and-aft rigged vessel with foresail set on one side and mainsail on the other; wing and wing.
Gopher (n.) One of several western American species of the genus Spermophilus, of the family Sciuridae; as, the gray gopher (Spermophilus Franklini) and the striped gopher (S. tridecemGorge (n.) The entrance into a bastion or other outwork of a fort; -- usually synonymous with rear. See Illust. of Bastion.
Gorgerin (n.) In some columns, that part of the capital between the termination of the shaft and the annulet of the echinus, or the space between two neck moldings; -- called also neck of the capital, and hypotrachelium. See Illust. of Column.
Gorget (n.) A small ornamental plate, usually crescent-shaped, and of gilded copper, formerly hung around the neck of officers in full uniform in some modern armies.
Gorget (n.) A grooved instrunent used in performing various operations; -- called also blunt gorget.
Gorget (n.) A crescent-shaped, colored patch on the neck of a bird or mammal.
Gougeshell (n.) A sharp-edged, tubular, marine shell, of the genus Vermetus; also, the pinna. See Vermetus.
Grace (n.) Fortune; luck; -- used commonly with hard or sorry when it means misfortune.
Grade (n.) The rate of ascent or descent; gradient; deviation from a level surface to an incGrape (n.) A well-known edible berry growing in pendent clusters or bunches on the grapevine. The berries are smooth-skinned, have a juicy pulp, and are cultivated in great quantities for table use and for making wine and raisins.
Grapeshot (n.) A cluster, usually nine in number, of small iron balls, put together by means of cast-iron circular plates at top and bottom, with two rings, and a central connecting rod, in order to be used as a charge for a cannon. Formerly grapeshot were inclosed in canvas bags.
Grave (superl.) Of importance; momentous; weighty; influential; sedate; serious; -- said of character, relations, etc.; as, grave deportment, character, influence, etc.
Grave (superl.) Not acute or sharp; low; deep; -- said of sound; as, a grave note or key.
Gripe (n.) Pinching and spasmodic pain in the intestines; -- chiefly used in the plural.
Gripe (n.) An assemblage of ropes, dead-eyes, and hocks, fastened to ringbolts in the deck, to secure the boats when hoisted; also, broad bands passed around a boat to secure it at the davits and prevent swinging.
Grivet (n.) A monkey of the upper Nile and Abyssinia (Cercopithecus griseo-viridis), having the upper parts dull green, the lower parts white, the hands, ears, and face black. It was known to the ancient Egyptians. Called also tota.
Grocery (n.) The commodities sold by grocers, as tea, coffee, spices, etc.; -- in the United States almost always in the plural form, in this sense.
Grotesque (n.) Artificial grotto-work.
Guinea (n.) A gold coin of England current for twenty-one shillings sterling, or about five dollars, but not coined since the issue of sovereigns in 1817.
Guise (n.) Customary way of speaking or acting; custom; fashion; manner; behavior; mien; mode; practice; -- often used formerly in such phrases as: at his own guise; that is, in his own fashion, to suit himself.
Gummer (n.) A punch-cutting tool, or machine for deepening and enlarging the spaces between the teeth of a worn saw.
Gunnel (n.) A small, eel-shaped, marine fish of the genus Muraenoides; esp., M. gunnellus of Europe and America; -- called also gunnel fish, butterfish, rock eel.
Hacienda (n.) A large estate where work of any kind is done, as agriculture, manufacturing, mining, or raising of animals; a cultivated farm, with a good house, in distinction from a farming establishment with rude huts for herdsmen, etc.; -- a word used in Spanish-American regions.
Haired (a.) In composition: Having (such) hair; as, red-haired.
Hallelujah (n. & interj.) Praise ye Jehovah; praise ye the Lord; -- an exclamation used chiefly in songs of praise or thanksgiving to God, and as an expression of gratitude or adoration.
Hammer (v. t.) To form in the mind; to shape by hard intellectual labor; -- usually with out.
Hammerhead (n.) A fresh-water fish; the stone-roller.
Hammerhead (n.) An African fruit bat (Hypsignathus monstrosus); -- so called from its large blunt nozzle.
Hanker (v. i.) To long (for) with a keen appetite and uneasiness; to have a vehement desire; -- usually with for or after; as, to hanker after fruit; to hanker after the diversions of the town.
Hanse (n.) That part of an elliptical or many-centered arch which has the shorter radius and immediately adjoins the impost.
Harle (n.) The red-breasted merganser.
Harlequin (n.) A buffoon, dressed in party-colored clothes, who plays tricks, often without speaking, to divert the bystanders or an audience; a merry-andrew; originally, a droll rogue of Italian comedy.
Harper (n.) A brass coin bearing the emblem of a harp, -- formerly current in Ireland.
Haste (n.) Celerity of motion; speed; swiftness; dispatch; expedition; -- applied only to voluntary beings, as men and other animals.
Hatter (v. t.) To tire or worry; -- out.
Hatteria (n.) A New Zealand lizard, which, in anatomical character, differs widely from all other existing lizards. It is the only living representative of the order Rhynchocephala, of which many Mesozoic fossil species are known; -- called also Sphenodon, and Tuatera.
Hautein (a.) High; -- said of the voice or flight of birds.
Heckerism (n.) The teaching of Isaac Thomas Hecker (1819-88), which interprets Catholicism as promoting human aspirations after liberty and truth, and as the religion best suited to the character and institutions of the American people.
Headed (a.) Furnished with a head (commonly as denoting intellectual faculties); -- used in composition; as, clear-headed, long-headed, thick-headed; a many-headed monster.
Heave (v. t.) To cause to move upward or onward by a lifting effort; to lift; to raise; to hoist; -- often with up; as, the wave heaved the boat on land.
Heave (v. t.) To throw; to cast; -- obsolete, provincial, or colloquial, except in certain nautical phrases; as, to heave the lead; to heave the log.
Heave (v. t.) To force from, or into, any position; to cause to move; also, to throw off; -- mostly used in certain nautical phrases; as, to heave the ship ahead.
Heaven (n.) The expanse of space surrounding the earth; esp., that which seems to be over the earth like a great arch or dome; the firmament; the sky; the place where the sun, moon, and stars appear; -- often used in the plural in this sense.
Heaven (n.) The sovereign of heaven; God; also, the assembly of the blessed, collectively; -- used variously in this sense, as in No. 2.
Hebrew (n.) The language of the Hebrews; -- one of the Semitic family of languages.
Hecdecane (n.) A white, semisolid, spermaceti-like hydrocarbon, C16H34, of the paraffin series, found dissolved as an important ingredient of kerosene, and so called because each molecule has sixteen atoms of carbon; -- called also hexadecane.
Hedge (v. t.) To obstruct, as a road, with a barrier; to hinder from progress or success; -- sometimes with up and out.
Hedgehog (n.) A species of Medicago (M. intertexta), the pods of which are armed with short spines; -- popularly so called.
Heeler (n.) A dependent and subservient hanger-on of a political patron.
Helleborin (n.) A poisonous glucoside found in several species of hellebore, and extracted as a white crystalHellenism (n.) The type of character of the ancient Greeks, who aimed at culture, grace, and amenity, as the chief elements in human well-being and perfection.
Helmet (n.) A helmet-shaped hat, made of cork, felt, metal, or other suitable material, worn as part of the uniform of soldiers, firemen, etc., also worn in hot countries as a protection from the heat of the sun.
Helmet (n.) The hood-formed upper sepal or petal of some flowers, as of the monkshood or the snapdragon.
Helmeted (a.) Wearing a helmet; furnished with or having a helmet or helmet-shaped part; galeate.
Hemselven (pron.) Themselves; -- used reflexively.
Hendecane (n.) A hydrocarbon, C11H24, of the paraffin series; -- so called because it has eleven atoms of carbon in each molecule. Called also endecane, undecane.
Hermetical (a.) Made perfectly close or air-tight by fusion, so that no gas or spirit can enter or escape; as, an hermetic seal. See Note under Hermetically.
Hermetically (adv.) By fusion, so as to form an air-tight closure.
Herpes (n.) An eruption of the skin, taking various names, according to its form, or the part affected; especially, an eruption of vesicles in small distinct clusters, accompanied with itching or tingling, including shingles, ringworm, and the like; -- so called from its tendency to creep or spread from one part of the skin to another.
Herself (pron.) An emphasized form of the third person feminine pronoun; -- used as a subject with she; as, she herself will bear the blame; also used alone in the predicate, either in the nominative or objective case; as, it is herself; she blames herself.
Heydeguy (n.) A kind of country-dance or round.
Hiddenite (n.) An emerald-green variety of spodumene found in North Carolina; lithia emerald, -- used as a gem.
Hilted (a.) Having a hilt; -- used in composition; as, basket-hilted, cross-hilted.
Himself (pron.) An emphasized form of the third person mascuHinder (a.) To keep back or behind; to prevent from starting or moving forward; to check; to retard; to obstruct; to bring to a full stop; -- often followed by from; as, an accident hindered the coach; drought hinders the growth of plants; to hinder me from going.
Hinderest (a.) Hindermost; -- superl. of Hind, a.
Hinge (v. i.) To stand, depend, hang, or turn, as on a hinge; to depend chiefly for a result or decision or for force and validity; -- usually with on or upon; as, the argument hinges on this point.
Hippe (n.) A genus of marine decapod crustaceans, which burrow rapidly in the sand by pushing themselves backward; -- called also bait bug. See Illust. under Anomura.
Hithe (n.) A port or small haven; -- used in composition; as, Lambhithe, now Lambeth.
Hither (adv.) To this place; -- used with verbs signifying motion, and implying motion toward the speaker; correlate of hence and thither; as, to come or bring hither.
Hither (adv.) To this point, source, conclusion, design, etc.; -- in a sense not physical.
Hither (a.) Being on the side next or toward the person speaking; nearer; -- correlate of thither and farther; as, on the hither side of a hill.
Hinterland (n.) The land or region lying behind the coast district. The term is used esp. with reference to the so-called doctrine of the hinterland, sometimes advanced, that occupation of the coast supports a claim to an exclusive right to occupy, from time to time, the territory lying inland of the coast.
Horse (n.) A translation or other illegitimate aid in study or examination; -- called also trot, pony, Dobbin.
Horseless (a.) Being without a horse; specif., not requiring a horse; -- said of certain vehicles in which horse power has been replaced by electricity, steam, etc.; as, a horseless carriage or truck.
Homoeomerous (a.) Having the main artery of the leg parallel with the sciatic nerve; -- said of certain birds.
Hooded (a.) Hood-shaped; esp. (Bot.), rolled up like a cornet of paper; cuculate, as the spethe of the Indian turnip.
Hooded (a.) Having the head conspicuously different in color from the rest of the plumage; -- said of birds.
Hooper (n.) The European whistling, or wild, swan (Olor cygnus); -- called also hooper swan, whooping swan, and elk.
Hopper (n.) A chute, box, or receptacle, usually funnel-shaped with an opening at the lower part, for delivering or feeding any material, as to a machine; as, the wooden box with its trough through which grain passes into a mill by joining or shaking, or a funnel through which fuel passes into a furnace, or coal, etc., into a car.
Hopper (n.) A vessel for carrying waste, garbage, etc., out to sea, so constructed as to discharge its load by a mechanical contrivance; -- called also dumping scow.
Hornet (n.) A large, strong wasp. The European species (Vespa crabro) is of a dark brown and yellow color. It is very pugnacious, and its sting is very severe. Its nest is constructed of a paperlike material, and the layers of comb are hung together by columns. The American white-faced hornet (V. maculata) is larger and has similar habits.
Horse (n.) Mounted soldiery; cavalry; -- used without the plural termination; as, a regiment of horse; -- distinguished from foot.
Horse (n.) A mass of earthy matter, or rock of the same character as the wall rock, occurring in the course of a vein, as of coal or ore; hence, to take horse -- said of a vein -- is to divide into branches for a distance.
Horse (v. t.) To cover, as a mare; -- said of the male.
Horseback (n.) An extended ridge of sand, gravel, and bowlders, in a half-stratified condition.
Horseman (n.) A West Indian fish of the genus Eques, as the light-horseman (E. lanceolatus).
House (n.) A twelfth part of the heavens, as divided by six circles intersecting at the north and south points of the horizon, used by astrologers in noting the positions of the heavenly bodies, and casting horoscopes or nativities. The houses were regarded as fixed in respect to the horizon, and numbered from the one at the eastern horizon, called the ascendant, first house, or house of life, downward, or in the direction of the earth's revolution, the stars and planets passing through them i>
Houseleek (n.) A succulent plant of the genus Sempervivum (S. tectorum), originally a native of subalpine Europe, but now found very generally on old walls and roofs. It is very tenacious of life under drought and heat; -- called also ayegreen.
HouseHousewarming (n.) A feast or merry-making made by or for a family or business firm on taking possession of a new house or premises.
Housewife (n.) A little case or bag for materials used in sewing, and for other articles of female work; -- called also hussy.
Huchen (n.) A large salmon (Salmo, / Salvelinus, hucho) inhabiting the Danube; -- called also huso, and bull trout.
Hummel (v. t.) To separate from the awns; -- said of barley.
Hurden (n.) A coarse kind of Hyphen (n.) A mark or short dash, thus [-], placed at the end of a Hysterology (n.) A figure by which the ordinary course of thought is inverted in expression, and the last put first; -- called also hysteron proteron.
Ibidem (adv.) In the same place; -- abbreviated ibid. or ib. Icequake (n.) The crash or concussion attending the breaking up of masses of ice, -- often due to contraction from extreme cold.
Idioelectric (a.) Electric by virtue of its own peculiar properties; capable of becoming electrified by friction; -- opposed to anelectric.
Imide (n.) A compound with, or derivative of, the imido group; specif., a compound of one or more acid radicals with the imido group, or with a monamine; hence, also, a derivative of ammonia, in which two atoms of hydrogen have been replaced by divalent basic or acid radicals; -- frequently used as a combining form; as, succinimide.
Imphee (n.) The African sugar cane (Holcus saccharatus), -- resembling the sorghum, or Chinese sugar cane.
Imprescriptible (a.) Not derived from, or dependent on, external authority; self-evidencing; obvious.
Impressionism (n.) The theory or method of suggesting an effect or impression without elaboration of the details; -- a disignation of a recent fashion in painting and etching.
Imprest (v. t.) A kind of earnest money; loan; -- specifically, money advanced for some public service, as in enlistment.
Inswept (a.) Narrowed at the forward end; -- said of an automobile frame when the side members are closer together at the forward end than at the rear.
Inched (a.) Having or measuring (so many) inches; as, a four-inched bridge.
Incoercible (a.) Not capable of being reduced to the form of a liquid by pressure; -- said of any gas above its critical point; -- also particularly of oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and carbon monoxide, formerly regarded as incapable of liquefaction at any temperature or pressure.
Incoercible (a.) That can note be confined in, or excluded from, vessels, like ordinary fluids, gases, etc.; -- said of the imponderable fluids, heat, light, electricity, etc.
Increase (v. i.) To become greater or more in size, quantity, number, degree, value, intensity, power, authority, reputation, wealth; to grow; to augment; to advance; -- opposed to decrease.
Increase (v. i.) The period of increasing light, or luminous phase; the waxing; -- said of the moon.
Increated (a.) Uncreated; self-existent.
Increment (n.) Matter added; increase; produce; production; -- opposed to decrement.
Increscent (a.) Increasing; on the increase; -- said of the moon represented as the new moon, with the points turned toward the dexter side.
Indeed (adv.) In reality; in truth; in fact; verily; truly; -- used in a variety of sense. Esp.: (a) Denoting emphasis; as, indeed it is so. (b) Denoting concession or admission; as, indeed, you are right. (c) Denoting surprise; as, indeed, is it you? Its meaning is not intrinsic or fixed, but depends largely on the form of expression which it accompanies.
Infield (n.) Arable and manured land kept continually under crop; -- distinguished from outfield.
Infield (n.) The diamond; -- opposed to outfield. See Diamond, n., 5.
Inknee (n.) Same as Knock-knee.
Inkneed (a.) See Knock-kneed.
Innuendo (n.) An averment employed in pleading, to point the application of matter otherwise unintelligible; an interpretative parenthesis thrown into quoted matter to explain an obscure word or words; -- as, the plaintiff avers that the defendant said that he (innuendo the plaintiff) was a thief.
Inoperculate (a.) Having no operculum; -- said of certain gastropod shells.
Instead (adv.) In the place or room; -- usually followed by of.
Instead (adv.) Equivalent; equal to; -- usually with of.
Intrench (v. i.) To invade; to encroach; to infringe or trespass; to enter on, and take possession of, that which belongs to another; -- usually followed by on or upon; as, the king was charged with intrenching on the rights of the nobles, and the nobles were accused of intrenching on the prerogative of the crown.
Iridescence (n.) Exhibition of colors like those of the rainbow; the quality or state of being iridescent; a prismatic play of color; as, the iridescence of mother-of-pearl.
Isocephalism (n.) A peculiarity in the design of bas-relief by which the heads of human figures are kept at the same height from the ground, whether the personages are seated, standing, or mounted on horseback; -- called also isokephaleia.
Isomeric (a.) Having the same percentage composition; -- said of two or more different substances which contain the same ingredients in the same proportions by weight, often used with with. Specif.: (a) Polymeric; i. e., having the same elements united in the same proportion by weight, but with different molecular weights; as, acetylene and benzine are isomeric (polymeric) with each other in this sense. See Polymeric. (b) Metameric; i. e., having the same elements united in the same proportion>
Jeffersonia (n.) An American herb with a pretty, white, solitary blossom, and deeply two-cleft leaves (Jeffersonia diphylla); twinleaf.
Jeffersonite (n.) A variety of pyroxene of olive-green color passing into brown. It contains zinc.
Jahve () A modern transliteration of the Hebrew word translated Jehovah in the Bible; -- used by some critics to discriminate the tribal god of the ancient Hebrews from the Christian Jehovah. Yahweh or Yahwe is the spelling now generally adopted by scholars.
Jesse (n.) A candlestick with many branches, each of which bears the name of some one of the descendants of Jesse; -- called also tree of Jesse.
Jester (n.) A buffoon; a merry-andrew; a court fool.
Joiner (n.) A wood-working machine, for sawing, plaining, mortising, tenoning, grooving, etc.
Jumper (n.) an instrument for boring holes in rocks by percussion without hammering, consisting of a bar of iron with a chisel-edged steel tip at one or both ends, operated by striking it against the rock, turning it slightly with each blow.
Jowter (n.) A mounted peddler of fish; -- called also jouster.
Jumper (n.) A rude kind of sleigh; -- usually, a simple box on runners which are in one piece with the poles that form the thills.
Junket (v. i.) To feast; to banquet; to make an entertainment; -- sometimes applied opprobriously to feasting by public officers at the public cost.
Karreo (n.) One of the dry table-lands of South Africa, which often rise terracelike to considerable elevations.
Keeled (a.) Keel-shaped; having a longitudinal prominence on the back; as, a keeled leaf.
Keeler (n.) One employed in managing a Newcastle keel; -- called also keelman.
Kerned (a.) Having part of the face projecting beyond the body or shank; -- said of type.
Kilderkin (n.) A small barrel; an old liquid measure containing eighteen English beer gallons, or nearly twenty-two gallons, United States measure.
Kilted (a.) Tucked or fastened up; -- said of petticoats, etc.
Kindergarten (n.) A school for young children, conducted on the theory that education should be begun by gratifying and cultivating the normal aptitude for exercise, play, observation, imitation, and construction; -- a name given by Friedrich Froebel, a German educator, who introduced this method of training, in rooms opening on a garden.
Kipper (n.) A salmon split open, salted, and dried or smoked; -- so called because salmon after spawning were usually so cured, not being good when fresh.
Kipper (a.) Amorous; also, lively; light-footed; nimble; gay; sprightly.
Kosher (a.) Ceremonially clean, according to Jewish law; -- applied to food, esp. to meat of animals slaughtered according to the requirements of Jewish law. Opposed to tref. Hence, designating a shop, store, house, etc., where such food is sold or used.
Krameric (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, Krameria (rhatany); as, krameric acid, usually called ratanhia-tannic acid.
Krone (n.) A coin of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden, of the value of about twenty-eight cents. See Crown, n., 9.
Kupfernickel (n.) Copper-nickel; niccolite. See Niccolite.
Ladle (v. t.) The float of a mill wheel; -- called also ladle board.
Lammergeier (n.) A very large vulture (Gypaetus barbatus), which inhabits the mountains of Southern Europe, Asia, and Northern Africa. When full-grown it is nine or ten feet in extent of wings. It is brownish black above, with the under parts and neck rusty yellow; the forehead and crown white; the sides of the head and beard black. It feeds partly on carrion and partly on small animals, which it kills. It has the habit of carrying tortoises and marrow bones to a great height, and dropping the>
Lancepesade (n.) An assistant to a corporal; a private performing the duties of a corporal; -- called also lance corporal.
Lancet (n.) A surgical instrument of various forms, commonly sharp-pointed and two-edged, used in venesection, and in opening abscesses, etc.
Lanneret (n. m.) A long-tailed falcon (Falco lanarius), of Southern Europe, Asia, and Northern Africa, resembling the American prairie falcon.
Lantern (n.) Something inclosing a light, and protecting it from wind, rain, etc. ; -- sometimes portable, as a closed vessel or case of horn, perforated tin, glass, oiled paper, or other material, having a lamp or candle within; sometimes fixed, as the glazed inclosure of a street light, or of a lighthouse light.
Lantern (n.) A kind of cage inserted in a stuffing box and surrounding a piston rod, to separate the packing into two parts and form a chamber between for the reception of steam, etc. ; -- called also lantern brass.
Lapse (n.) A gliding, slipping, or gradual falling; an unobserved or imperceptible progress or passing away,; -- restricted usually to immaterial things, or to figurative uses.
Lapse (v. i.) To pass slowly and smoothly downward, backward, or away; to slip downward, backward, or away; to glide; -- mostly restricted to figurative uses.
Lapsed (a.) Having slipped downward, backward, or away; having lost position, privilege, etc., by neglect; -- restricted to figurative uses.
Large (superl.) Exceeding most other things of like kind in bulk, capacity, quantity, superficial dimensions, or number of constituent units; big; great; capacious; extensive; -- opposed to small; as, a large horse; a large house or room; a large lake or pool; a large jug or spoon; a large vineyard; a large army; a large city.
Large (superl.) Having more than usual power or capacity; having broad sympathies and generous impulses; comprehensive; -- said of the mind and heart.
Large (superl.) Unrestrained by decorum; -- said of language.
Large (superl.) Crossing the Lasher (n.) A piece of rope for binding or making fast one thing to another; -- called also lashing.
Lathe (n.) Formerly, a part or division of a county among the Anglo-Saxons. At present it consists of four or five hundreds, and is confined to the county of Kent.
Lathe (n.) The movable swing frame of a loom, carrying the reed for separating the warp threads and beating up the weft; -- called also lay and batten.
Latten (n.) A kind of brass hammered into thin sheets, formerly much used for making church utensils, as candlesticks, crosses, etc.; -- called also latten brass.
Latter (a.) Later; more recent; coming or happening after something else; -- opposed to former; as, the former and latter rain.
Laurel (n.) An evergreen shrub, of the genus Laurus (L. nobilis), having aromatic leaves of a lanceolate shape, with clusters of small, yellowish white flowers in their axils; -- called also sweet bay.
Laurel (n.) A crown of laurel; hence, honor; distinction; fame; -- especially in the plural; as, to win laurels.
Lawyer (n.) The black-necked stilt. See Stilt.
Leafed (a.) Having (such) a leaf or (so many) leaves; -- used in composition; as, broad-leafed; four-leafed.
Lease (v. t.) To grant to another by lease the possession of, as of lands, tenements, and hereditaments; to let; to demise; as, a landowner leases a farm to a tenant; -- sometimes with out.
Leave (v. i.) To send out leaves; to leaf; -- often with out.
Leave (n.) The act of leaving or departing; a formal parting; a leaving; farewell; adieu; -- used chiefly in the phrase, to take leave, i. e., literally, to take permission to go.
Leave (v.) To put; to place; to deposit; to deliver; to commit; to submit -- with a sense of withdrawing one's self from; as, leave your hat in the hall; we left our cards; to leave the matter to arbitrators.
Leaved (a.) Bearing, or having, a leaf or leaves; having folds; -- used in combination; as, a four-leaved clover; a two-leaved gate; long-leaved.
Lecherous (a.) Like a lecher; addicted to lewdness; lustful; also, lust-provoking.
Legged (a.) Having (such or so many) legs; -- used in composition; as, a long-legged man; a two-legged animal.
Lengest (a.) Longer; longest; -- obsolete compar. and superl. of long.
Lenient (a.) Relaxing; emollient; softening; assuasive; -- sometimes followed by of.
Letterpress (n.) Print; letters and words impressed on paper or other material by types; -- often used of the reading matter in distinction from the illustrations.
Letterwood (n.) The beautiful and highly elastic wood of a tree of the genus Brosimum (B. Aubletii), found in Guiana; -- so called from black spots in it which bear some resemblance to hieroglyphics; also called snakewood, and leopardwood. It is much used for bows and for walking sticks.
Levee (n.) A morning assembly or reception of visitors, -- in distinction from a soiree, or evening assembly; a matinee; hence, also, any general or somewhat miscellaneous gathering of guests, whether in the daytime or evening; as, the president's levee.
Lichen (n.) One of a class of cellular, flowerless plants, (technically called Lichenes), having no distinction of leaf and stem, usually of scaly, expanded, frond-like forms, but sometimes erect or pendulous and variously branched. They derive their nourishment from the air, and generate by means of spores. The species are very widely distributed, and form irregular spots or patches, usually of a greenish or yellowish color, upon rocks, trees, and various bodies, to which they adhere with gre>
Lieberkuhn (n.) A concave metallic mirror attached to the object-glass end of a microscope, to throw down light on opaque objects; a reflector.
Limpet (n.) Any species of Siphonaria, a genus of limpet-shaped Pulmonifera, living between tides, on rocks.
Linger (v. t.) To spend or pass in a lingering manner; -- with out; as, to linger out one's days on a sick bed.
Linsey (n.) Linsey-woolsey.
Lipped (a.) Having a lip or lips; having a raised or rounded edge resembling the lip; -- often used in composition; as, thick-lipped, thin-lipped, etc.
Listerism (n.) The systematic use of antiseptics in the performance of operations and the treatment of wounds; -- so called from Joseph Lister, an English surgeon.
Litter (v. t.) To give birth to; to bear; -- said of brutes, esp. those which produce more than one at a birth, and also of human beings, in abhorrence or contempt.
Liederkranz (n.) Lit., wreath of songs; -- used as the title of a group of songs, and esp. as the common name for German vocal clubs of men.
Lister (n.) A double-moldboard plow which throws a deep furrow, and at the same time plants and covers grain in the bottom of the furrow.
Lofter (n.) An iron club used in lofting the ball; -- called also lofting iron.
Lodge (n.) The space at the mouth of a level next the shaft, widened to permit wagons to pass, or ore to be deposited for hoisting; -- called also platt.
Lodge (n.) A family of North American Indians, or the persons who usually occupy an Indian lodge, -- as a unit of enumeration, reckoned from four to six persons; as, the tribe consists of about two hundred lodges, that is, of about a thousand individuals.
Lodged (a.) Lying down; -- used of beasts of the chase, as couchant is of beasts of prey.
Logged (a.) Made slow and heavy in movement; water-logged.
Loggerhead (n.) A very large marine turtle (Thalassochelys caretta, / caouana), common in the warmer parts of the Atlantic Ocean, from Brazil to Cape Cod; -- called also logger-headed turtle.
Longeval (a.) Long-loved; longevous.
Loose (superl.) Free from constraint or obligation; not bound by duty, habit, etc. ; -- with from or of.
Loosestrife (n.) The name of several species of plants of the genus Lysimachia, having small star-shaped flowers, usually of a yellow color.
Lucre (n.) Gain in money or goods; profit; riches; -- often in an ill sense.
Lumper (n.) The European eelpout; -- called also lumpen.
Lyrie (n.) A European fish (Peristethus cataphractum), having the body covered with bony plates, and having three spines projecting in front of the nose; -- called also noble, pluck, pogge, sea poacher, and armed bullhead.
Lythe (n.) The European pollack; -- called also laith, and leet.
Machete (n.) A large heavy knife resembling a broadsword, often two or three feet in length, -- used by the inhabitants of Spanish America as a hatchet to cut their way through thickets, and for various other purposes.
Macle (n.) Chiastolite; -- so called from the tessellated appearance of a cross section. See Chiastolite.
Madreperl (n.) Mother-of-pearl.
Magnesium (n.) A light silver-white metallic element, malleable and ductile, quite permanent in dry air but tarnishing in moist air. It burns, forming (the oxide) magnesia, with the production of a blinding light (the so-called magnesium light) which is used in signaling, in pyrotechny, or in photography where a strong actinic illuminant is required. Its compounds occur abundantly, as in dolomite, talc, meerschaum, etc. Symbol Mg. Atomic weight, 24.4. Specific gravity, 1.75.
Magnet (n.) The loadstone; a species of iron ore (the ferrosoferric or magnetic ore, Fe3O4) which has the property of attracting iron and some of its ores, and, when freely suspended, of pointing to the poles; -- called also natural magnet.
Magnet (n.) A bar or mass of steel or iron to which the peculiar properties of the loadstone have been imparted; -- called, in distinction from the loadstone, an artificial magnet.
Magnetomotor (n.) A voltaic series of two or more large plates, producing a great quantity of electricity of low tension, and hence adapted to the exhibition of electro-magnetic phenomena.
Maiden (a.) Never having been married; not having had sexual intercourse; virgin; -- said usually of the woman, but sometimes of the man; as, a maiden aunt.
Maiden (v. t.) To act coyly like a maiden; -- with it as an indefinite object.
Maidenhair (n.) A fern of the genus Adiantum (A. pedatum), having very slender graceful stalks. It is common in the United States, and is sometimes used in medicine. The name is also applied to other species of the same genus, as to the Venus-hair.
Maidenly (a.) Like a maid; suiting a maid; maiden-like; gentle, modest, reserved.
Malleability (n.) The quality or state of being malleable; -- opposed to friability and brittleness.
Malleable (a.) Capable of being extended or shaped by beating with a hammer, or by the pressure of rollers; -- applied to metals.
Mallet (n.) A small maul with a short handle, -- used esp. for driving a tool, as a chisel or the like; also, a light beetle with a long handle, -- used in playing croquet.
Mandelic (a.) Pertaining to an acid first obtained from benzoic aldehyde (oil of better almonds), as a white crystalManner (n.) Carriage; behavior; deportment; also, becoming behavior; well-bred carriage and address.
Manner (n.) Sort; kind; style; -- in this application sometimes having the sense of a plural, sorts or kinds.
Mantel (n.) The finish around a fireplace, covering the chimney-breast in front and sometimes on both sides; especially, a shelf above the fireplace, and its supports.
Mantelet (n.) A musket-proof shield of rope, wood, or metal, which is sometimes used for the protection of sappers or riflemen while attacking a fortress, or of gunners at embrasures; -- now commonly written mantlet.
Maple (n.) A tree of the genus Acer, including about fifty species. A. saccharinum is the rock maple, or sugar maple, from the sap of which sugar is made, in the United States, in great quantities, by evaporation; the red or swamp maple is A. rubrum; the silver maple, A. dasycarpum, having fruit wooly when young; the striped maple, A. Pennsylvanium, called also moosewood. The common maple of Europe is A. campestre, the sycamore maple is A. Pseudo-platanus, and the Norway maple is A. platanoide>
Marseilles (n.) A general term for certain kinds of fabrics, which are formed of two series of threads interlacing each other, thus forming double cloth, quilted in the loom; -- so named because first made in Marseilles, France.
Marten (n.) Any one of several fur-bearing carnivores of the genus Mustela, closely allied to the sable. Among the more important species are the European beech, or stone, marten (Mustela foina); the pine marten (M. martes); and the American marten, or sable (M. Americana), which some zoologists consider only a variety of the Russian sable.
Marver (n.) A stone, or cast-iron plate, or former, on which hot glass is rolled to give it shape.
Masked (a.) Having the anterior part of the head differing decidedly in color from the rest of the plumage; -- said of birds.
Masted (a.) Furnished with a mast or masts; -- chiefly in composition; as, a three-masted schooner.
Master (n.) A vessel having (so many) masts; -- used only in compounds; as, a two-master.
Master (n.) A male person having another living being so far subject to his will, that he can, in the main, control his or its actions; -- formerly used with much more extensive application than now. (a) The employer of a servant. (b) The owner of a slave. (c) The person to whom an apprentice is articled. (d) A sovereign, prince, or feudal noble; a chief, or one exercising similar authority. (e) The head of a household. (f) The male head of a school or college. (g) A male teacher. (h) The dire>
Master (n.) A title given by courtesy, now commonly pronounced mister, except when given to boys; -- sometimes written Mister, but usually abbreviated to Mr.
Master (n.) The commander of a merchant vessel; -- usually called captain. Also, a commissioned officer in the navy ranking next above ensign and below lieutenant; formerly, an officer on a man-of-war who had immediate charge, under the commander, of sailing the vessel.
Masterpiece (n.) Anything done or made with extraordinary skill; a capital performance; a chef-d'oeuvre; a supreme achievement.
Matter (n.) Affair worthy of account; thing of consequence; importance; significance; moment; -- chiefly in the phrases what matter 0 d h p u z no matter, and the like.
Matter (n.) Amount; quantity; portion; space; -- often indefinite.
Matter (n.) That which is permanent, or is supposed to be given, and in or upon which changes are effected by psychological or physical processes and relations; -- opposed to form.
Matweed (n.) A name of several maritime grasses, as the sea sand-reed (Ammophila arundinacea) which is used in Holland to bind the sand of the seacoast dikes (see Beach grass, under Beach); also, the Lygeum Spartum, a Mediterranean grass of similar habit.
Mazdean (a.) Of or pertaining to Ahura-Mazda, or Ormuzd, the beneficent deity in the Zoroastrian dualistic system; hence, Zoroastrian.
Meated (a.) Having (such) meat; -- used chiefly in composition; as, thick-meated.
Medley (n.) A mixture; a mingled and confused mass of ingredients, usually inharmonious; a jumble; a hodgepodge; -- often used contemptuously.
Membered (a.) Having limbs; -- chiefly used in composition.
Membered (a.) Having legs of a different tincture from that of the body; -- said of a bird in heraldic representations.
Messenger (n.) A hawser passed round the capstan, and having its two ends lashed together to form an endless rope or chain; -- formerly used for heaving in the cable.
Mestee (n.) The offspring of a white person and a quadroon; -- so called in the West Indies.
Melee (n.) A cavalry exercise in which two groups of riders try to cut paper plumes off the helmets of their opponents, the contest continuing until no member of one group retains his plume; -- sometimes called Balaklava melee.
Midden (n.) An accumulation of refuse about a dwelling place; especially, an accumulation of shells or of cinders, bones, and other refuse on the supposed site of the dwelling places of prehistoric tribes, -- as on the shores of the Baltic Sea and in many other places. See Kitchen middens.
Midge (n.) Any one of many small, delicate, long-legged flies of the Chironomus, and allied genera, which do not bite. Their larvae are usually aquatic.
Miller (n.) A moth or lepidopterous insect; -- so called because the wings appear as if covered with white dust or powder, like a miller's clothes. Called also moth miller.
Millerite (n.) A sulphide of nickel, commonly occurring in delicate capillary crystals, also in incrustations of a bronze yellow; -- sometimes called hair pyrites.
Milreis (n.) A Portuguese money of account rated in the treasury department of the United States at one dollar and eight cents; also, a Brazilian money of account rated at fifty-four cents and six mills.
Minnesinger (n.) A love-singer; specifically, one of a class of German poets and musicians who flourished from about the middle of the twelfth to the middle of the fourteenth century. They were chiefly of noble birth, and made love and beauty the subjects of their verses.
Minuet (n.) A tune or air to regulate the movements of the dance so called; a movement in suites, sonatas, symphonies, etc., having the dance form, and commonly in 3-4, sometimes 3-8, measure.
Misbehave (v. t. & i.) To behave ill; to conduct one's self improperly; -- often used with a reciprocal pronoun.
Miscellane (n.) A mixture of two or more sorts of grain; -- now called maslin and meslin.
Misdemean (v. t.) To behave ill; -- with a reflexive pronoun; as, to misdemean one's self.
Misrepresentation (n.) Untrue representation; false or incorrect statement or account; -- usually unfavorable to the thing represented; as, a misrepresentation of a person's motives.
Mizzen (n.) The hindmost of the fore and aft sails of a three-masted vessel; also, the spanker.
Mizzenmast (n.) The hindmost mast of a three-masted vessel, or of a yawl-rigged vessel.
Monger (n.) A trader; a dealer; -- now used chiefly in composition; as, fishmonger, ironmonger, newsmonger.
Monger (v. t.) To deal in; to make merchandise of; to traffic in; -- used chiefly of discreditable traffic.
Monkery (n.) The life of monks; monastic life; monastic usage or customs; -- now usually applied by way of reproach. Monobasic (a.) Capable of being neutralized by a univalent base or basic radical; having but one acid hydrogen atom to be replaced; -- said of acids; as, acetic, nitric, and hydrochloric acids are monobasic.
Monoecious (a.) Having the sexes united in one individual, as when male and female flowers grow upon the same individual plant; hermaphrodite; -- opposed to dioecious.
Monseigneur (n.) My lord; -- a title in France of a person of high birth or rank; as, Monseigneur the Prince, or Monseigneur the Archibishop. It was given, specifically, to the dauphin, before the Revolution of 1789. (Abbrev. Mgr.)
Montem (n.) A custom, formerly practiced by the scholars at Eton school, England, of going every third year, on Whittuesday, to a hillock near the Bath road, and exacting money from all passers-by, to support at the university the senior scholar of the school.
Monteith (n.) A vessel in which glasses are washed; -- so called from the name of the inventor.
Moreen (n.) A thick woolen fabric, watered or with embossed figures; -- used in upholstery, for curtains, etc.
Morne (a.) Without teeth, tongue, or claws; -- said of a lion represented heraldically.
Motherland (n.) The country of one's ancestors; -- same as fatherland.
Motley (a.) Variegated in color; consisting of different colors; dappled; party-colored; as, a motley coat.
Motley (a.) Wearing motley or party-colored clothing. See Motley, n., 1.
Motley (n.) A combination of distinct colors; esp., the party-colored cloth, or clothing, worn by the professional fool.
Mouse (n.) Any one of numerous species of small rodents belonging to the genus Mus and various related genera of the family Muridae. The common house mouse (Mus musculus) is found in nearly all countries. The American white-footed, or deer, mouse (Hesperomys leucopus) sometimes lives in houses. See Dormouse, Meadow mouse, under Meadow, and Harvest mouse, under Harvest.
Mouse (n.) A dark-colored swelling caused by a blow.
Moxie (n.) Know-how, expertise.
Mozzetta (n.) A cape, with a small hood; -- worn by the pope and other dignitaries of the Roman Catholic Church.
Moire (a.) Watered; having a watered or clouded appearance; -- as of silk or metals.
Monteith (n.) A kind of cotton handkerchief having a uniform colored ground with a regular pattern of white spots produced by discharging the color; -- so called from the Glasgow manufactures.
Movie (n.) A moving picture or a moving picture show; -- commonly used in pl.
Mugweed (n.) A slender European weed (Galium Cruciata); -- called also crossweed.
Mullet (n.) Any one of numerous fishes of the genus Mugil; -- called also gray mullets. They are found on the coasts of both continents, and are highly esteemed as food. Among the most valuable species are Mugil capito of Europe, and M. cephalus which occurs both on the European and American coasts.
Mullet (n.) A star, usually five pointed and pierced; -- when used as a difference it indicates the third son.
Murderer (n.) A small cannon, formerly used for clearing a ship's decks of boarders; -- called also murdering piece.
Mussel (n.) Any one of numerous species of Unio, and related fresh-water genera; -- called also river mussel. See Naiad, and Unio.
Myelencephalic (a.) Of or pertaining to the myelencephalon; cerebro-spinal.
Myelencephalon (n.) The brain and spinal cord; the cerebro-spinal axis; the neuron. Sometimes abbreviated to myelencephal.
Mystery (a.) A kind of secret religious celebration, to which none were admitted except those who had been initiated by certain preparatory ceremonies; -- usually plural; as, the Eleusinian mysteries.
Nacre (a.) Having the peculiar iridescence of nacre, or mother-of-pearl, or an iridescence resembling it; as, nacre ware.
Nacre (n.) A pearly substance which Neaped (a.) Left aground on the height of a spring tide, so that it will not float till the next spring tide; -- called also beneaped.
Necked (a.) Having (such) a neck; -- chiefly used in composition; as, stiff-necked.
Necked (a.) Cracked; -- said of a treenail.
Neckerchief (n.) A kerchief for the neck; -- called also neck handkerchief.
Nephew (n.) The son of a brother or a sister, or of a brother-in-law or sister-in-law.
Nerve (n.) Steadiness and firmness of mind; self-command in personal danger, or under suffering; unshaken courage and endurance; coolness; pluck; resolution.
Nerved (a.) Having nerves of a special character; as, weak-nerved.
Nether (a.) Situated down or below; lying beneath, or in the lower part; having a lower position; belonging to the region below; lower; under; -- opposed to upper.
Nickel (n.) A bright silver-white metallic element. It is of the iron group, and is hard, malleable, and ductile. It occurs combined with sulphur in millerite, with arsenic in the mineral niccolite, and with arsenic and sulphur in nickel glance. Symbol Ni. Atomic weight 58.6.
Nickel (n.) A small coin made of or containing nickel; esp., a five-cent piece.
Nicker (v. t.) One of the night brawlers of London formerly noted for breaking windows with half-pence.
Niece (n.) A daughter of one's brother or sister, or of one's brother-in-law or sister-in-law.
nigged (n.) Hammer-dressed; -- said of building stone.
Nigger (n.) A negro; -- in vulgar derision or depreciation.
Nippers (n. pl.) A number of rope-yarns wound together, used to secure a cable to the messenger.
Nonce (n.) The one or single occasion; the present call or purpose; -- chiefly used in the phrase for the nonce.
Nondecane (n.) A hydrocarbon of the paraffin series, a white waxy substance, C19H40; -- so called from the number of carbon atoms in the molecule.
Norwegium (n.) A rare metallic element, of doubtful identification, said to occur in the copper-nickel of Norway.
Noumenal (a.) Of or pertaining to the noumenon; real; -- opposed to phenomenal.
Noumenon (n.) The of itself unknown and unknowable rational object, or thing in itself, which is distinguished from the phenomenon through which it is apprehended by the senses, and by which it is interpreted and understood; -- so used in the philosophy of Kant and his followers.
Nucleoplasmic (a.) Of or pertaining to nucleoplasm; -- esp. applied to a body formed in the developing ovum from the plasma of the nucleus of the germinal vesicle.
Nucleus (n.) A kernel; hence, a central mass or point about which matter is gathered, or to which accretion is made; the central or material portion; -- used both literally and figuratively.
Number (n.) That which is regulated by count; poetic measure, as divisions of time or number of syllables; hence, poetry, verse; -- chiefly used in the plural.
Nurse (v. t.) To bring up; to raise, by care, from a weak or invalid condition; to foster; to cherish; -- applied to plants, animals, and to any object that needs, or thrives by, attention.
Obscene (a/) Inauspicious; ill-omened.
Ochre (n.) A impure earthy ore of iron or a ferruginous clay, usually red (hematite) or yellow (limonite), -- used as a pigment in making paints, etc. The name is also applied to clays of other colors.
Offset (n.) A sum, account, or value set off against another sum or account, as an equivalent; hence, anything which is given in exchange or retaliation; a set-off.
Offset (n.) A horizontal ledge on the face of a wall, formed by a diminution of its thickness, or by the weathering or upper surface of a part built out from it; -- called also set-off.
Olibene (n.) A colorless mobile liquid of a pleasant aromatic odor obtained by the distillation of olibanum, or frankincense, and regarded as a terpene; -- called also conimene.
Olive (n.) A tree (Olea Europaea) with small oblong or elliptical leaves, axillary clusters of flowers, and oval, one-seeded drupes. The tree has been cultivated for its fruit for thousands of years, and its branches are the emblems of peace. The wood is yellowish brown and beautifully variegated.
Olive (n.) Any shell of the genus Oliva and allied genera; -- so called from the form. See Oliva.
Olivenite (n.) An olive-green mineral, a hydrous arseniate of copper; olive ore.
Ombre (n.) A large Mediterranean food fish (Umbrina cirrhosa): -- called also umbra, and umbrine.
Omened (a.) Attended by, or containing, an omen or omens; as, happy-omened day.
Omniety (n.) That which is all-pervading or all-comprehensive; hence, the Deity.
Opelet (n.) A bright-colored European actinian (Anemonia, / Anthea, sulcata); -- so called because it does not retract its tentacles.
Opodeldoc (n.) A kind of plaster, said to have been invented by Mindererus, -- used for external injuries.
Orchestra (n.) The space in a theater between the stage and the audience; -- originally appropriated by the Greeks to the chorus and its evolutions, afterward by the Romans to persons of distinction, and by the moderns to a band of instrumental musicians.
Orchestra (n.) A band composed, for the largest part, of players of the various viol instruments, many of each kind, together with a proper complement of wind instruments of wood and brass; -- as distinguished from a military or street band of players on wind instruments, and from an assemblage of solo players for the rendering of concerted pieces, such as septets, octets, and the like.
Orchestration (n.) The arrangement of music for an orchestra; orchestral treatment of a composition; -- called also instrumentation.
Ourselves (pron.) ; sing. Ourself (/). An emphasized form of the pronoun of the first person plural; -- used as a subject, usually with we; also, alone in the predicate, in the nominative or the objective case.
Overeat (v. t. & i.) To eat to excess; -- often with a reflexive.
Oviferous (a.) Egg-bearing; -- applied particularly to certain receptacles, as in Crustacea, that retain the eggs after they have been excluded from the formative organs, until they are hatched.
Padge (n.) The barn owl; -- called also pudge, and pudge owl.
Packer (n.) A ring of packing or a special device to render gas-tight and water-tight the space between the tubing and bore of an oil well.
Padre (n.) A Christian priest or monk; -- used in Italy, Spain, Portugal, and Spanish America.
Parnellite (n.) One of the adherents of Charles Stewart Parnell (1846-91) in his advocacy of home rule for Ireland.
Pahoehoe (n.) A name given in the Sandwich Islands to lava having a relatively smooth surface, in distinction from the rough-surfaced lava, called a-a.
Pallet (n.) One of the pieces or levers connected with the pendulum of a clock, or the balance of a watch, which receive the immediate impulse of the scape-wheel, or balance wheel.
Pallet (n.) A cup containing three ounces, -- /ormerly used by surgeons.
Palmette (n.) A floral ornament, common in Greek and other ancient architecture; -- often called the honeysuckle ornament.
Parcel (v. t.) To divide and distribute by parts or portions; -- often with out or into.
Parietal (a.) Attached to the main wall of the ovary, and not to the axis; -- said of a placenta.
Parkesine (n.) A compound, originally made from gun cotton and castor oil, but later from different materials, and used as a substitute for vulcanized India rubber and for ivory; -- called also xylotile.
Parrel (n.) A chimney-piece.
Parted (a.) Cleft so that the divisions reach nearly, but not quite, to the midrib, or the base of the blade; -- said of a leaf, and used chiefly in composition; as, three-parted, five-parted, etc.
Passenger (n.) A passer or passer-by; a wayfarer.
Paste (n.) A kind of cement made of flour and water, starch and water, or the like, -- used for uniting paper or other substances, as in bookbinding, etc., -- also used in calico printing as a vehicle for mordant or color.
Patient (a.) Forbearing; long-suffering.
Patient (n.) A person under medical or surgical treatment; -- correlative to physician or nurse.
Pattee (a.) Narrow at the inner, and very broad at the other, end, or having its arms of that shape; -- said of a cross. See Illust. (8) of Cross.
Pattern (n.) A full-sized model around which a mold of sand is made, to receive the melted metal. It is usually made of wood and in several parts, so as to be removed from the mold without injuring it.
Pause (v. t.) To cause to stop or rest; -- used reflexively.
Pecten (n.) A vascular pigmented membrane projecting into the vitreous humor within the globe of the eye in birds, and in many reptiles and fishes; -- also called marsupium.
Peele (n.) A graceful and swift South African antelope (Pelea capreola). The hair is woolly, and ash-gray on the back and sides. The horns are black, long, slender, straight, nearly smooth, and very sharp. Called also rheeboc, and rehboc.
Peeler (n.) A nickname for a policeman; -- so called from Sir Robert Peel.
Pencel (n.) A small, narrow flag or streamer borne at the top of a lance; -- called also pennoncel.
Pentecost (n.) A solemn festival of the Jews; -- so called because celebrated on the fiftieth day (seven weeks) after the second day of the Passover (which fell on the sixteenth of the Jewish month Nisan); -- hence called, also, the Feast of Weeks. At this festival an offering of the first fruits of the harvest was made. By the Jews it was generally regarded as commemorative of the gift of the law on the fiftieth day after the departure from Egypt.
Pentecost (n.) A festival of the Roman Catholic and other churches in commemoration of the descent of the Holy Spirit on the apostles; which occurred on the day of Pentecost; -- called also Whitsunday.
Pentecosty (n.) A troop of fifty soldiers in the Spartan army; -- called also pentecostys.
Pepper (n.) A well-known, pungently aromatic condiment, the dried berry, either whole or powdered, of the Piper nigrum.
Pepperer (n.) A grocer; -- formerly so called because he sold pepper.
Peppergrass (n.) Any herb of the cruciferous genus Lepidium, especially the garden peppergrass, or garden cress, Lepidium sativum; -- called also pepperwort. All the species have a pungent flavor.
Pepperidge (n.) A North American tree (Nyssa multiflora) with very tough wood, handsome oval polished leaves, and very acid berries, -- the sour gum, or common tupelo. See Tupelo.
Peppermint (n.) A volatile oil (oil of peppermint) distilled from the fresh herb; also, a well-known essence or spirit (essence of peppermint) obtained from it.
Peppery (a.) Fig.: Hot-tempered; passionate; choleric.
Perception (n.) The faculty of perceiving; the faculty, or peculiar part, of man's constitution by which he has knowledge through the medium or instrumentality of the bodily organs; the act of apperhending material objects or qualities through the senses; -- distinguished from conception.
Perfect (a.) Hermaphrodite; having both stamens and pistils; -- said of flower.
Perfective (a.) Tending or conducing to make perfect, or to bring to perfection; -- usually followed by of.
Permeable (a.) Capable of being permeated, or passed through; yielding passage; passable; penetrable; -- used especially of substances which allow the passage of fluids; as, wood is permeable to oil; glass is permeable to light.
Permeate (v. t.) To pass through the pores or interstices of; to penetrate and pass through without causing rupture or displacement; -- applied especially to fluids which pass through substances of loose texture; as, water permeates sand.
Perpender (n.) A large stone reaching through a wall so as to appear on both sides of it, and acting as a binder; -- called also perbend, perpend stone, and perpent stone.
Perpetration (n.) The act of perpetrating; a doing; -- commonly used of doing something wrong, as a crime.
Pervert (n.) One who has been perverted; one who has turned to error, especially in religion; -- opposed to convert. See the Synonym of Convert.
Peucedanin (n.) A tasteless white crystalPhase (n.) The relation at any instant of a periodically varying electric magnitude, as electro-motive force, a current, etc., to its initial value as expressed in factorial parts of the complete cycle. It is usually expressed in angular measure, the cycle beb four right angles, or 360?. Such periodic variations are generally well represented by sine curves; and phase relations are shown by the relative positions of the crests and hollows of such curves. Magnitudes which have the same phase ar>
Phanerocodonic (a.) Having an umbrella-shaped or bell-shaped body, with a wide, open cavity beneath; -- said of certain jellyfishes.
PhanerocrystalPhanerogamous (a.) Having visible flowers containing distinct stamens and pistils; -- said of plants.
Phaneroglossal (a.) Having a conspicious tongue; -- said of certain reptiles and insects.
Phloem (n.) That portion of fibrovascular bundles which corresponds to the inner bark; the liber tissue; -- distinguished from xylem.
Phocenic (a.) Of or pertaining to dolphin oil or porpoise oil; -- said of an acid (called also delphinic acid) subsequently found to be identical with valeric acid.
Phonetic (a.) Representing sounds; as, phonetic characters; -- opposed to ideographic; as, a phonetic notation.
Picked (a.) Having a pike or spine on the back; -- said of certain fishes.
Picker (n.) One who, or that which, picks, in any sense, -- as, one who uses a pick; one who gathers; a thief; a pick; a pickax; as, a cotton picker.
Pickerel (n.) The glasseye, or wall-eyed pike. See Wall-eye.
Picket (n.) A detached body of troops serving to guard an army from surprise, and to oppose reconnoitering parties of the enemy; -- called also outlying picket.
Piece (n.) A coin; as, a sixpenny piece; -- formerly applied specifically to an English gold coin worth 22 shillings.
Piece (n.) An individual; -- applied to a person as being of a certain nature or quality; often, but not always, used slightingly or in contempt.
Piece (v. t.) To make, enlarge, or repair, by the addition of a piece or pieces; to patch; as, to piece a garment; -- often with out.
Pigweed (n.) A name of several annual weeds. See Goosefoot, and Lamb's-quarters.
Pique (n.) A cotton fabric, figured in the loom, -- used as a dress goods for women and children, and for vestings, etc.
Pique (v. t.) To pride or value; -- used reflexively.
Piquet (n.) A game at cards played between two persons, with thirty-two cards, all the deuces, threes, fours, fives, and sixes, being set aside.
Place (v. t.) To place-kick ( a goal).
Plate (n.) A small five-sided area (enveloping a diamond-shaped area one foot square) beside which the batter stands and which must be touched by some part of a player on completing a run; -- called also home base, or home plate.
Plater (n.) A horse that runs chiefly in plate, esp. selling-plate, races; hence, an inferior race horse.
Place (n.) Reception; effect; -- implying the making room for.
Place (n.) Position in the heavens, as of a heavenly body; -- usually defined by its right ascension and declination, or by its latitude and longitude.
Plane (a.) A tool for smoothing boards or other surfaces of wood, for forming moldings, etc. It consists of a smooth-soled stock, usually of wood, from the under side or face of which projects slightly the steel cutting edge of a chisel, called the iron, which incPlateau (n.) A flat surface; especially, a broad, level, elevated area of land; a table-land.
Platen (n.) The movable table of a machine tool, as a planer, on which the work is fastened, and presented to the action of the tool; -- also called table.
Plateresque (a.) Resembling silver plate; -- said of certain architectural ornaments.
Plume (v. t.) To pride; to vaunt; to boast; -- used reflexively; as, he plumes himself on his skill.
Pluperfect (a.) More than perfect; past perfect; -- said of the tense which denotes that an action or event was completed at or before the time of another past action or event.
Pluteus (n.) The free-swimming larva of sea urchins and ophiurans, having several long stiff processes inclosing calcareous rods.
Polled (a.) Deprived of a poll, or of something belonging to the poll. Specifically: (a) Lopped; -- said of trees having their tops cut off. (b) Cropped; hence, bald; -- said of a person. "The polled bachelor." Beau. & Fl. (c) Having cast the antlers; -- said of a stag. (d) Without horns; as, polled cattle; polled sheep.
Polverine (n.) Glassmaker's ashes; a kind of potash or pearlash, brought from the Levant and Syria, -- used in the manufacture of fine glass.
Polyeidic (a.) Passing through several distinct larval forms; -- having several distinct kinds of young.
Pomme (a.) Having the ends terminating in rounded protuberances or single balls; -- said of a cross.
Pommette (a.) Having two balls or protuberances at each end; -- said of a cross.
Ponder (v. i.) To think; to deliberate; to muse; -- usually followed by on or over.
Ponderal (a.) Estimated or ascertained by weight; -- distinguished from numeral; as, a ponderal drachma.
Pontee (n.) An iron rod used by glass makers for manipulating the hot glass; -- called also, puntil, puntel, punty, and ponty. See Fascet.
Porbeagle (n.) A species of shark (Lamna cornubica), about eight feet long, having a pointed nose and a crescent-shaped tail; -- called also mackerel shark.
Porcelain (n.) A fine translucent or semitransculent kind of earthenware, made first in China and Japan, but now also in Europe and America; -- called also China, or China ware.
Porcelainized (a.) Baked like potter's lay; -- applied to clay shales that have been converted by heat into a substance resembling porcelain.
Porcellaneous (a.) Having a smooth, compact shell without pores; -- said of certain Foraminifera.
Porcelanite (n.) A semivitrified clay or shale, somewhat resembling jasper; -- called also porcelain jasper.
Porter (n.) A bar of iron or steel at the end of which a forging is made; esp., a long, large bar, to the end of which a heavy forging is attached, and by means of which the forging is lifted and handled in hammering and heating; -- called also porter bar.
Possess (v. t.) To enter into and influence; to control the will of; to fill; to affect; -- said especially of evil spirits, passions, etc.
Possess (v. t.) To put in possession; to make the owner or holder of property, power, knowledge, etc.; to acquaint; to inform; -- followed by of or with before the thing possessed, and now commonly used reflexively.
Posset (n.) A beverage composed of hot milk curdled by some strong infusion, as by wine, etc., -- much in favor formerly.
Posterior (a.) Later in time; hence, later in the order of proceeding or moving; coming after; -- opposed to prior.
Posterior (a.) Situated behind; hinder; -- opposed to anterior.
Posterior (a.) At or toward the caudal extremity; caudal; -- in human anatomy often used for dorsal.
Posterior (a.) On the side next the axis of inflorescence; -- said of an axillary flower.
Posteriority (n.) The state of being later or subsequent; as, posteriority of time, or of an event; -- opposed to priority.
Posterity (n.) The race that proceeds from a progenitor; offspring to the furthest generation; the aggregate number of persons who are descended from an ancestor of a generation; descendants; -- contrasted with ancestry; as, the posterity of Abraham.
Postero () - (/). A combining form meaning posterior, back; as, postero-inferior, situated back and below; postero-lateral, situated back and at the side.
Potter (n.) The red-bellied terrapin. See Terrapin.
Poncelet (n.) A unit of power, being the power obtained from an expenditure of one hundred kilogram-meters of energy per second. One poncelet equals g watts, when g is the value of the acceleration of gravity in centimeters.
Postexilic (a.) belonging to a period subsequent to the Babylonian captivity or exile (b. c. 597 or about 586-about 537).
Prime (a.) Having no common factor; -- used with to; as, 12 is prime to 25.
Projector (n.) An optical instrument for projecting a picture upon a screen, as by a magic lantern or by an instrument for projecting (by reflection instead of transmission of light) a picture of an opaque object, as photographs, picture post-cards, insects, etc., in the colors of the object itself. In this latter form the projection is accomplished by means of a combination of lenses with a prism and a mirror or reflector. Specific instruments have been called by different names, such as radi>
Provenience (n.) Origin; source; place where found or produced; provenance; -- used esp. in the fine arts and in archaeology; as, the provenience of a patera.
Proxenetism (n.) The action of a go-between or broker in negotiating immoral bargains between the sexes; procuring.
Prase (n.) A variety of cryptocrystalPraseodymium (n.) An elementary substance, one of the constituents of didymium; -- so called from the green color of its salts. Symbol Ps. Atomic weight 143.6.
Precede (v. t.) To cause to be preceded; to preface; to introduce; -- used with by or with before the instrumental object.
Preceding (a.) Going before; -- opposed to following.
Precentor (n.) The leader of the choir in a cathedral; -- called also the chanter or master of the choir.
Predesignate (a.) A term used by Sir William Hamilton to define propositions having their quantity indicated by a verbal sign; as, all, none, etc.; -- contrasted with preindesignate, defining propositions of which the quantity is not so indicated.
Prefer (v. t.) To carry or bring (something) forward, or before one; hence, to bring for consideration, acceptance, judgment, etc.; to offer; to present; to proffer; to address; -- said especially of a request, prayer, petition, claim, charge, etc.
Prefer (v. t.) To set above or before something else in estimation, favor, or liking; to regard or honor before another; to hold in greater favor; to choose rather; -- often followed by to, before, or above.
Prepense (v. t.) Devised, contrived, or planned beforehand; preconceived; premeditated; aforethought; -- usually placed after the word it qualifies; as, malice prepense.
Presence (n.) The state of being present, or of being within sight or call, or at hand; -- opposed to absence.
Present (a.) Being at hand, within reach or call, within certain contemplated limits; -- opposed to absent.
Present (a.) Present letters or instrument, as a deed of conveyance, a lease, letter of attorney, or other writing; as in the phrase, " Know all men by these presents," that is, by the writing itself, " per has literas praesentes; " -- in this sense, rarely used in the singular.
Present (v. i.) To appear at the mouth of the uterus so as to be perceptible to the finger in vaginal examination; -- said of a part of an infant during labor.
Presentation (n.) The particular position of the child during labor relatively to the passage though which it is to be brought forth; -- specifically designated by the part which first appears at the mouth of the uterus; as, a breech presentation.
Presentive (a.) Bringing a conception or notion directly before the mind; presenting an object to the memory of imagination; -- distinguished from symbolic.
Preserve (n.) That which is preserved; fruit, etc., seasoned and kept by suitable preparation; esp., fruit cooked with sugar; -- commonly in the plural.
Pretend (v. i.) To put in, or make, a claim, truly or falsely; to allege a title; to lay claim to, or strive after, something; -- usually with to.
Preterit (a.) Past; -- applied to a tense which expresses an action or state as past.
Preventative (n.) That which prevents; -- incorrectly used instead of preventive.
Priced (a.) Rated in price; valued; as, high-priced goods; low-priced labor.
Pride (n.) A small European lamprey (Petromyzon branchialis); -- called also prid, and sandpiper.
Pride (n.) The quality or state of being proud; inordinate self-esteem; an unreasonable conceit of one's own superiority in talents, beauty, wealth, rank, etc., which manifests itself in lofty airs, distance, reserve, and often in contempt of others.
Pride (n.) A sense of one's own worth, and abhorrence of what is beneath or unworthy of one; lofty self-respect; noble self-esteem; elevation of character; dignified bearing; proud delight; -- in a good sense.
Pride (n.) That of which one is proud; that which excites boasting or self-gratulation; the occasion or ground of self-esteem, or of arrogant and presumptuous confidence, as beauty, ornament, noble character, children, etc.
Pride (v. t.) To indulge in pride, or self-esteem; to rate highly; to plume; -- used reflexively.
Prime (a.) Any number expressing the combining weight or equivalent of any particular element; -- so called because these numbers were respectively reduced to their lowest relative terms on the fixed standard of hydrogen as 1.
Prime (a.) An inch, as composed of twelve seconds in the duodecimal system; -- denoted by [']. See 2d Inch, n., 1.
Prime (v. i.) To work so that foaming occurs from too violent ebullition, which causes water to become mixed with, and be carried along with, the steam that is formed; -- said of a steam boiler.
Privet (n.) An ornamental European shrub (Ligustrum vulgare), much used in hedges; -- called also prim.
Proceres (n. pl.) An order of large birds; the Ratitae; -- called also Proceri.
Process (n.) The whole course of proceedings in a cause real or personal, civil or criminal, from the beginning to the end of the suit; strictly, the means used for bringing the defendant into court to answer to the action; -- a generic term for writs of the class called judicial.
Professional (a.) Engaged in by professionals; as, a professional race; -- opposed to amateur.
Professionalism (n.) The following of a profession, sport, etc., as an occupation; -- opposed to amateurism.
Project (v. t.) To draw or exhibit, as the form of anything; to deProleptical (a.) Anticipating the usual time; -- applied to a periodical disease whose paroxysms return at an earlier hour at every repetition.
Promethean (a.) Having a life-giving quality; inspiring.
Prone (a.) IncProneness (n.) The state of lying with the face down; -- opposed to supineness.
Proneness (n.) Inclination of mind, heart, or temper; propension; disposition; as, proneness to self-gratification.
Proper (a.) Pertaining to one of a species, but not common to the whole; not appellative; -- opposed to common; as, a proper name; Dublin is the proper name of a city.
Proper (a.) Represented in its natural color; -- said of any object used as a charge.
Prose (n.) The ordinary language of men in speaking or writing; language not cast in poetical measure or rhythm; -- contradistinguished from verse, or metrical composition.
Protection (n.) A writing that protects or secures from molestation or arrest; a pass; a safe-conduct; a passport.
Protection (n.) A theory, or a policy, of protecting the producers in a country from foreign competition in the home market by the imposition of such discriminating duties on goods of foreign production as will restrict or prevent their importation; -- opposed to free trade.
Protectorate (n.) Government by a protector; -- applied especially to the government of England by Oliver Cromwell.
Proteles (n.) A South Africa genus of Carnivora, allied to the hyenas, but smaller and having weaker jaws and teeth. It includes the aard-wolf.
Proterandrous (a.) Having the stamens come to maturity before the pistil; -- opposed to proterogynous.
Proteranthous (a.) Having flowers appearing before the leaves; -- said of certain plants.
Proterogynous (a.) Having the pistil come to maturity before the stamens; protogynous; -- opposed to proterandrous.
Protest (v. i.) To make a solemn declaration (often a written one) expressive of opposition; -- with against; as, he protest against your votes.
Protestant (v.) One who protests; -- originally applied to those who adhered to Luther, and protested against, or made a solemn declaration of dissent from, a decree of the Emperor Charles V. and the Diet of Spires, in 1529, against the Reformers, and appealed to a general council; -- now used in a popular sense to designate any Christian who does not belong to the Roman Catholic or the Greek Church.
Protestation (n.) Formerly, a declaration in common-law pleading, by which the party interposes an oblique allegation or denial of some fact, protesting that it does or does not exist, and at the same time avoiding a direct affirmation or denial.
Proteus (n.) A genus of aquatic eel-shaped amphibians found in caves in Austria. They have permanent external gills as well as lungs. The eyes are small and the legs are weak.
Prudent (a.) Sagacious in adapting means to ends; circumspect in action, or in determining any Prudential (n.) That which relates to or demands the exercise of, discretion or prudence; -- usually in the pl.
Prune (v. i.) To dress; to prink; -used humorously or in contempt.
Prunello (n.) A smooth woolen stuff, generally black, used for making shoes; a kind of lasting; -- formerly used also for clergymen's gowns.
Prunelle (n.) A kind of small and very acid French plum; -- applied especially to the stoned and dried fruit.
Prutenic (a.) Prussian; -- applied to certain astronomical tables published in the sixteenth century, founded on the principles of Copernicus, a Prussian.
Pucker (v. t. & i.) To gather into small folds or wrinkles; to contract into ridges and furrows; to corrugate; -- often with up; as, to pucker up the mouth.
Puddening (n.) A quantity of rope-yarn, or the like, placed, as a fender, on the bow of a boat.
Puffer (n.) One who is employed by the owner or seller of goods sold at suction to bid up the price; a by-bidder.
Puffer (n.) Any plectognath fish which inflates its body, as the species of Tetrodon and Diodon; -- called also blower, puff-fish, swellfish, and globefish.
Pungent (v. t.) Prickly-pointed; hard and sharp.
Puppet (n.) One controlled in his action by the will of another; a tool; -- so used in contempt.
Purge (v. t.) To remove in cleansing; to deterge; to wash away; -- often followed by away.
Purser (n.) A commissioned officer in the navy who had charge of the provisions, clothing, and public moneys on shipboard; -- now called paymaster.
Purvey (v. i.) To pander; -- with to.
Quaker (n.) One of a religious sect founded by George Fox, of Leicestershire, England, about 1650, -- the members of which call themselves Friends. They were called Quakers, originally, in derision. See Friend, n., 4.
Quaker (n.) Any grasshopper or locust of the genus (Edipoda; -- so called from the quaking noise made during flight.
Quaternary (a.) Later than, or subsequent to, the Tertiary; Post-tertiary; as, the Quaternary age, or Age of man.
Quaternity (n.) The union of four in one, as of four persons; -- analogous to the theological term trinity.
Queue (n.) A tail-like appendage of hair; a pigtail.
Quire (n.) A collection of twenty-four sheets of paper of the same size and quality, unfolded or having a single fold; one twentieth of a ream.
Racket (n.) A variety of the game of tennis played with peculiar long-handled rackets; -- chiefly in the plural.
Rafter (n.) Originally, any rough and somewhat heavy piece of timber. Now, commonly, one of the timbers of a roof which are put on sloping, according to the inclination of the roof. See Illust. of Queen-post.
Raiae (n. pl.) The order of elasmobranch fishes which includes the sawfishes, skates, and rays; -- called also Rajae, and Rajii.
Raiment (n.) Clothing in general; vesture; garments; -- usually singular in form, with a collective sense.
Raise (v. t.) To bring into being; to produce; to cause to arise, come forth, or appear; -- often with up.
Raised (a.) Leavened; made with leaven, or yeast; -- used of bread, cake, etc., as distinguished from that made with cream of tartar, soda, etc. See Raise, v. t., 4.
Ramie (n.) The grass-cloth plant (B/hmeria nivea); also, its fiber, which is very fine and exceedingly strong; -- called also China grass, and rhea. See Grass-cloth plant, under Grass.
Range (n.) To place (as a single individual) among others in a Range (v. i.) To have a certain direction; to correspond in direction; to be or keep in a corresponding Ranter (n.) One of a religious sect which sprung up in 1645; -- called also Seekers. See Seeker.
Ranter (n.) One of the Primitive Methodists, who seceded from the Wesleyan Methodists on the ground of their deficiency in fervor and zeal; -- so called in contempt.
Razee (v. t.) An armed ship having her upper deck cut away, and thus reduced to the next inferior rate, as a seventy-four cut down to a frigate.
Recreant (a.) Crying for mercy, as a combatant in the trial by battle; yielding; cowardly; mean-spirited; craven.
Recreant (n.) One who yields in combat, and begs for mercy; a mean-spirited, cowardly wretch.
Redhead (n.) An American duck (Aythya Americana) highly esteemed as a game bird. It is closely allied to the canvasback, but is smaller and its head brighter red. Called also red-headed duck. American poachard, grayback, and fall duck. See Illust. under Poachard.
Redhead (n.) The red-headed woodpecker. See Woodpecker.
Redsear (v. i.) To be brittle when red-hot; to be red-short.
Reefer (n.) A close-fitting lacket or short coat of thick cloth.
Reeler (n.) The grasshopper warbler; -- so called from its note.
Reeve (n.) an officer, steward, bailiff, or governor; -- used chiefly in compounds; as, shirereeve, now written sheriff; portreeve, etc.
Reflexive (a.) Having for its direct object a pronoun which refers to the agent or subject as its antecedent; -- said of certain verbs; as, the witness perjured himself; I bethought myself. Applied also to pronouns of this class; reciprocal; reflective.
Reglet (n.) A strip of wood or metal of the height of a quadrat, used for regulating the space between pages in a chase, and also for spacing out title-pages and other open matter. It is graded to different sizes, and designated by the name of the type that it matches; as, nonpareil reglet, pica reglet, and the like.
Render (v. i.) To pass; to run; -- said of the passage of a rope through a block, eyelet, etc.; as, a rope renders well, that is, passes freely; also, to yield or give way.
Renne (v. t.) To plunder; -- only in the phrase "to rape and renne." See under Rap, v. t., to snatch.
Renter (n.) One who rents or leases an estate; -- usually said of a lessee or tenant.
Renter (v. t.) To restore the original design of, by working in new warp; -- said with reference to tapestry.
Representative (a.) Similar in general appearance, structure, and habits, but living in different regions; -- said of certain species and varieties.
Reflet (n.) Luster; special brilliancy of surface; -- used esp. in ceramics to denote the peculiar metallic brilliancy seen in lustered pottery such as majolica; as, silver reflet; gold reflet.
Rhymer (n.) One who makes rhymes; a versifier; -- generally in contempt; a poor poet; a poetaster.
Rhymery (n.) The art or habit of making rhymes; rhyming; -- in contempt.
Ribbed (a.) Intercalated with slate; -- said of a seam of coal.
Ridgeband (n.) The part of a harness which passes over the saddle, and supports the shafts of a cart; -- called also ridgerope, and ridger.
Ridgeling (n.) A half-castrated male animal.
Rinderpest (n.) A highly contagious distemper or murrain, affecting neat cattle, and less commonly sheep and goats; -- called also cattle plague, Russian cattle plague, and steppe murrain.
Rinse (v. t.) To cleancse by the introduction of water; -- applied especially to hollow vessels; as, to rinse a bottle.
Ripieno (a.) Filling up; supplementary; supernumerary; -- a term applied to those instruments which only swell the mass or tutti of an orchestra, but are not obbligato.
Rocker (n.) A play horse on rockers; a rocking-horse.
Rocker (n.) A chair mounted on rockers; a rocking-chair.
Rokee (n.) Parched Indian corn, pounded up and mixed with sugar; -- called also yokeage.
Roller (n.) A long, belt-formed towel, to be suspended on a rolling cylinder; -- called also roller towel.
Roquefort (n.) A highly flavored blue-molded cheese, made at Roquefort, department of Aveyron, France. It is made from milk of ewes, sometimes with cow's milk added, and is cured in caves. Improperly, a cheese made in imitation of it.
Rudbeckia (n.) A genus of composite plants, the coneflowers, consisting of perennial herbs with showy pedunculate heads, having a hemispherical involucre, sterile ray flowers, and a conical chaffy receptacle. There are about thirty species, exclusively North American. Rudbeckia hirta, the black-eyed Susan, is a common weed in meadows.
Ruffe (n.) A small freshwater European perch (Acerina vulgaris); -- called also pope, blacktail, and stone, / striped, perch.
Rugged (n.) Harsh; hard; crabbed; austere; -- said of temper, character, and the like, or of persons.
Rugged (n.) Rough to the ear; harsh; grating; -- said of sound, style, and the like.
Rugged (n.) Sour; surly; frowning; wrinkled; -- said of looks, etc.
Rugged (n.) Violent; rude; boisterrous; -- said of conduct, manners, etc.
Rugged (n.) Vigorous; robust; hardy; -- said of health, physique, etc.
Runner (n.) A food fish (Elagatis pinnulatus) of Florida and the West Indies; -- called also skipjack, shoemaker, and yellowtail. The name alludes to its rapid successive leaps from the water.
Russet (n.) A country dress; -- so called because often of a russet color.
Ruthenium (n.) A rare element of the light platinum group, found associated with platinum ores, and isolated as a hard, brittle steel-gray metal which is very infusible. Symbol Ru. Atomic weight 103.5. Specific gravity 12.26. See Platinum metals, under Platinum.
Rutterkin (n.) An old crafty fox or beguiler -- a word of contempt.
Sable (n.) A carnivorous animal of the Weasel family (Mustela zibellina) native of the northern latitudes of Europe, Asia, and America, -- noted for its fine, soft, and valuable fur.
Sable (n.) A mourning garment; a funeral robe; -- generally in the plural.
Sable (n.) The tincture black; -- represented by vertical and horizontal Sable (a.) Of the color of the sable's fur; dark; black; -- used chiefly in poetry.
Sadden (v. t.) To make dull- or sad-colored, as cloth.
Sailer (n.) A ship or other vessel; -- with qualifying words descriptive of speed or manner of sailing; as, a heavy sailer; a fast sailer.
Salient (v. i.) Projecting outwardly; as, a salient angle; -- opposed to reentering. See Illust. of Bastion.
Sanbenito (n.) A garnment or cap, or sometimes both, painted with flames, figures, etc., and worn by persons who had been examined by the Inquisition and were brought forth for punishment at the auto-da-fe.
Saphead (n.) A weak-minded, stupid fellow; a milksop.
Saphenous (a.) Manifest; -- applied to the two principal superficial veins of the lower limb of man.
Sapient (a.) Wise; sage; discerning; -- often in irony or contempt.
Sarcelle (n.) The old squaw, or long-tailed duck.
Sarsen (n.) One of the large sandstone blocks scattered over the English chalk downs; -- called also sarsen stone, and Druid stone.
Sauger (n.) An American fresh-water food fish (Stizostedion Canadense); -- called also gray pike, blue pike, hornfish, land pike, sand pike, pickering, and pickerel.
Scavenging (n.) Act or process of expelling the exhaust gases from the cylinder by some special means, as, in many four-cycle engines, by utilizing the momentum of the exhaust gases in a long exhaust pipe.
Scale (n.) The dish of a balance; hence, the balance itself; an instrument or machine for weighing; as, to turn the scale; -- chiefly used in the plural when applied to the whole instrument or apparatus for weighing. Also used figuratively.
Scale (n.) The graduated series of all the tones, ascending or descending, from the keynote to its octave; -- called also the gamut. It may be repeated through any number of octaves. See Chromatic scale, Diatonic scale, Major scale, and Minor scale, under Chromatic, Diatonic, Major, and Minor.
Scaled (a.) Covered with scales, or scalelike structures; -- said of a fish, a reptile, a moth, etc.
Scalene (a.) Having the sides and angles unequal; -- said of a triangle.
Schreibersite (n.) A mineral occurring in steel-gray flexible folia. It contains iron, nickel, and phosphorus, and is found only in meteoric iron.
Score (n.) A distance of twenty yards; -- a term used in ancient archery and gunnery.
Score (n.) The original and entire draught, or its transcript, of a composition, with the parts for all the different instruments or voices written on staves one above another, so that they can be read at a glance; -- so called from the bar, which, in its early use, was drawn through all the parts.
Scutellated (a.) Having the tarsi covered with broad transverse scales, or scutella; -- said of certain birds.
Scutelliplantar (a.) Having broad scutella on the front, and small scales on the posterior side, of the tarsus; -- said of certain birds.
Seamed (a.) Out of condition; not in good condition; -- said of a hawk.
Segmentation (n.) The act or process of dividing into segments; specifically (Biol.), a self-division into segments as a result of growth; cell cleavage; cell multiplication; endogenous cell formation.
Sempervivum (n.) A genus of fleshy-leaved plants, of which the houseleek (Sempervivum tectorum) is the commonest species.
Sententiary (n.) One who read lectures, or commented, on the Sentences of Peter Lombard, Bishop of Paris (1159-1160), a school divine.
Septette (n.) A musical composition for seven instruments or seven voices; -- called also septuor.
Sequester (v. t.) To cause to retire or withdraw into obscurity; to seclude; to withdraw; -- often used reflexively.
Sergeant (n.) Formerly, in England, an officer nearly answering to the more modern bailiff of the hundred; also, an officer whose duty was to attend on the king, and on the lord high steward in court, to arrest traitors and other offenders. He is now called sergeant-at-arms, and two of these officers, by allowance of the sovereign, attend on the houses of Parliament (one for each house) to execute their commands, and another attends the Court Chancery.
Sergeant (n.) A lawyer of the highest rank, answering to the doctor of the civil law; -- called also serjeant at law.
Serpent (n.) A bass wind instrument, of a loud and coarse tone, formerly much used in military bands, and sometimes introduced into the orchestra; -- so called from its form.
Serpentarius (n.) A constellation on the equator, lying between Scorpio and Hercules; -- called also Ophiuchus.
Serpentine (n.) A mineral or rock consisting chiefly of the hydrous silicate of magnesia. It is usually of an obscure green color, often with a spotted or mottled appearance resembling a serpent's skin. Precious, or noble, serpentine is translucent and of a rich oil-green color.
Serve (v. t.) Hence, to bring forward, arrange, deal, or distribute, as a portion of anything, especially of food prepared for eating; -- often with up; formerly with in.
Serve (v. t.) To copulate with; to cover; as, a horse serves a mare; -- said of the male.
Sesterce (n.) A Roman coin or denomination of money, in value the fourth part of a denarius, and originally containing two asses and a half, afterward four asses, -- equal to about two pence sterling, or four cents.
Sestet (n.) A piece of music composed for six voices or six instruments; a sextet; -- called also sestuor.
Settee (n.) A long seat with a back, -- made to accommodate several persons at once.
Settee (n.) A vessel with a very long, sharp prow, carrying two or three masts with lateen sails, -- used in the Mediterranean.
Setter (n.) One who, or that which, sets; -- used mostly in composition with a noun, as typesetter; or in combination with an adverb, as a setter on (or inciter), a setter up, a setter forth.
Setter (n.) An adornment; a decoration; -- with off.
Setterwort (n.) The bear's-foot (Helleborus f/tidus); -- so called because the root was used in settering, or inserting setons into the dewlaps of cattle. Called also pegroots.
Series (n.) A mode of arranging the separate parts of a circuit by connecting them successively end to end to form a single path for the current; -- opposed to parallel. The parts so arranged are said to be in series.
Shade (n.) To undergo or exhibit minute difference or variation, as of color, meaning, expression, etc.; to pass by slight changes; -- used chiefly with a preposition, as into, away, off.
Shade (n.) Darkness; obscurity; -- often in the plural.
Shade (n.) The soul after its separation from the body; -- so called because the ancients it to be perceptible to the sight, though not to the touch; a spirit; a ghost; as, the shades of departed heroes.
Shake (n.) The redshank; -- so called from the nodding of its head while on the ground.
Shakedown (n.) A temporary substitute for a bed, as one made on the floor or on chairs; -- perhaps originally from the shaking down of straw for this purpose.
Shale (n.) A fine-grained sedimentary rock of a thin, laminated, and often friable, structure.
Shameless (a.) Destitute of shame; wanting modesty; brazen-faced; insensible to disgrace.
Shapeless (a.) Destitute of shape or regular form; wanting symmetry of dimensions; misshapen; -- opposed to shapely.
Shapely (superl.) Well-formed; having a regular shape; comely; symmetrical.
Shive (n.) A thin, flat cork used for stopping a wide-mouthed bottle; also, a thin wooden bung for casks.
Shiver (n.) One of the small pieces, or splinters, into which a brittle thing is broken by sudden violence; -- generally used in the plural.
Shore (v. t.) To support by a shore or shores; to prop; -- usually with up; as, to shore up a building.
Shovelboard (n.) A game played on board ship in which the aim is to shove or drive with a cue wooden disks into divisions chalked on the deck; -- called also shuffleboard.
Shoveler (n.) A river duck (Spatula clypeata), native of Europe and America. It has a large bill, broadest towards the tip. The male is handsomely variegated with green, blue, brown, black, and white on the body; the head and neck are dark green. Called also broadbill, spoonbill, shovelbill, and maiden duck. The Australian shoveler, or shovel-nosed duck (S. rhynchotis), is a similar species.
Shovelhead (n.) A shark (Sphryna tiburio) allied to the hammerhead, and native of the warmer parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans; -- called also bonnet shark.
Shovelnose (n.) A ganoid fish of the Sturgeon family (Scaphirhynchus platyrhynchus) of the Mississippi and Ohio rivers; -- called also white sturgeon.
Siege (n.) The floor of a glass-furnace.
Sifter (n.) Any lamellirostral bird, as a duck or goose; -- so called because it sifts or strains its food from the water and mud by means of the lamell/ of the beak.
Signet (n.) A seal; especially, in England, the seal used by the sovereign in sealing private letters and grants that pass by bill under the sign manual; -- called also privy signet.
Silver (n.) A soft white metallic element, sonorous, ductile, very malleable, and capable of a high degree of polish. It is found native, and also combined with sulphur, arsenic, antimony, chlorine, etc., in the minerals argentite, proustite, pyrargyrite, ceragyrite, etc. Silver is one of the "noble" metals, so-called, not being easily oxidized, and is used for coin, jewelry, plate, and a great variety of articles. Symbol Ag (Argentum). Atomic weight 107.7. Specific gravity 10.5.
Silverfin (n.) A small North American fresh-water cyprinoid fish (Notropis Whipplei).
Simnel (n.) A kind of rich plum cake, eaten especially on Mid-Lent Sunday.
Simper (n.) A constrained, self-conscious smile; an affected, silly smile; a smirk.
Since (prep.) From the time of; in or during the time subsequent to; subsequently to; after; -- usually with a past event or time for the object.
Since (conj.) Seeing that; because; considering; -- formerly followed by that.
Singe (v. t.) To remove the nap of (cloth), by passing it rapidly over a red-hot bar, or over a flame, preliminary to dyeing it.
Sinter (n.) Dross, as of iron; the scale which files from iron when hammered; -- applied as a name to various minerals.
Sirvente (n.) A peculiar species of poetry, for the most part devoted to moral and religious topics, and commonly satirical, -- often used by the troubadours of the Middle Ages.
Sister (n.) One of the same kind, or of the same condition; -- generally used adjectively; as, sister fruits.
Silverite (n.) One who favors the use or establishment of silver as a monetary standard; -- so called by those who favor the gold standard.
Skate (n.) A metallic runner with a frame shaped to fit the sole of a shoe, -- made to be fastened under the foot, and used for moving rapidly on ice.
Skeletonizer (n.) Any small moth whose larva eats the parenchyma of leaves, leaving the skeleton; as, the apple-leaf skeletonizer.
Slapeface (n.) A soft-spoken, crafty hypocrite.
Slider (n.) The red-bellied terrapin (Pseudemys rugosa).
Snider (n.) A breech-loading rifle formerly used in the British service; -- so called from the inventor.
Snipe (v. i.) To shoot at detached men of an enemy's forces at long range, esp. when not in action; -- often with at.
Sloven (n.) A man or boy habitually negligent of neathess and order; -- the correlative term to slattern, or slut.
Smile (v. i.) To be propitious or favorable; to favor; to countenance; -- often with on; as, to smile on one's labors.
Smile (v. i.) The act of smiling; a peculiar change or brightening of the face, which expresses pleasure, moderate joy, mirth, approbation, or kindness; -- opposed to frown.
Snake (v. t.) To drag or draw, as a snake from a hole; -- often with out.
Snakehead (n.) A loose, bent-up end of one of the strap rails, or flat rails, formerly used on American railroads. It was sometimes so bent by the passage of a train as to slip over a wheel and pierce the bottom of a car.
Snakehead (n.) The Guinea-hen flower. See Snake's-head, and under Guinea.
Snakestone (n.) An ammonite; -- so called from its form, which resembles that of a coiled snake.
Snipefish (n.) A long, slender deep-sea fish (Nemichthys scolopaceus) with a slender beak.
Soften (v. t.) To render less hard; -- said of matter.
Solfeggiare (v. i.) To sol-fa. See Sol-fa, v. i.
Solferino (n.) A brilliant deep pink color with a purplish tinge, one of the dyes derived from aniSonnet (n.) A poem of fourteen Sonneteer (n.) A composer of sonnets, or small poems; a small poet; -- usually in contempt.
Sorrento work () Ornamental work, mostly carved in olivewood, decorated with inlay, made at or near Sorrento, Italy. Hence, more rarely, jig-saw work and the like done anywhere.
Souled (a.) Furnished with a soul; possessing soul and feeling; -- used chiefly in composition; as, great-souled Hector.
Space (n.) A small piece of metal cast lower than a face type, so as not to receive the ink in printing, -- used to separate words or letters.
Spadefish (n.) An American market fish (Chaetodipterus faber) common on the southern coasts; -- called also angel fish, moonfish, and porgy.
Spadefoot (n.) Any species of burrowing toads of the genus Scaphiopus, esp. S. Holbrookii, of the Eastern United States; -- called also spade toad.
Sphaerenchyma (n.) Vegetable tissue composed of thin-walled rounded cells, -- a modification of parenchyma.
Spicewood (n.) An American shrub (Lindera Benzoin), the bark of which has a spicy taste and odor; -- called also Benjamin, wild allspice, and fever bush.
Spine (n.) The backbone, or spinal column, of an animal; -- so called from the projecting processes upon the vertebrae.
Spite (n.) Ill-will or hatred toward another, accompanied with the disposition to irritate, annoy, or thwart; petty malice; grudge; rancor; despite.
Spoken (a.) Characterized by a certain manner or style in speaking; -- often in composition; as, a pleasant-spoken man.
Squeeze (v. i.) To press; to urge one's way, or to pass, by pressing; to crowd; -- often with through, into, etc.; as, to squeeze hard to get through a crowd.
Squeezer (n.) A machine like a large pair of pliers, for shingling, or squeezing, the balls of metal when puddled; -- used only in the plural.
Squeezer (n.) A machine of several forms for the same purpose; -- used in the singular.
Stake (v. t.) A small anvil usually furnished with a tang to enter a hole in a bench top, -- used by tinsmiths, blacksmiths, etc., for light work, punching upon, etc.
Stake (v. t.) To mark the limits of by stakes; -- with out; as, to stake out land; to stake out a new road.
Stale (a.) To make water; to discharge urine; -- said especially of horses and cattle.
Stale (v. t.) A stalking-horse.
Stapes (n.) The innermost of the ossicles of the ear; the stirrup, or stirrup bone; -- so called from its form. See Illust. of Ear.
State (n.) The bodies that constitute the legislature of a country; as, the States-general of Holland.
Stave (n.) To break in a stave or the staves of; to break a hole in; to burst; -- often with in; as, to stave a cask; to stave in a boat.
Stave (n.) To push, as with a staff; -- with off.
Stave (n.) To delay by force or craft; to drive away; -- usually with off; as, to stave off the execution of a project.
Stayed (a.) Staid; fixed; settled; sober; -- now written staid. See Staid.
Stereobate (n.) The lower part or basement of a building or pedestal; -- used loosely for several different forms of basement.
Stereometry (n.) The art of measuring and computing the cubical contents of bodies and figures; -- distinguished from planimetry.
Stereotype (n.) A plate forming an exact faximile of a page of type or of an engraving, used in printing books, etc.; specifically, a plate with type-metal face, used for printing.
Stone (n.) Something made of stone. Specifically: -
Stone (n.) A stand or table with a smooth, flat top of stone, commonly marble, on which to arrange the pages of a book, newspaper, etc., before printing; -- called also imposing stone.
Stonebird (n.) The yellowlegs; -- called also stone snipe. See Tattler, 2.
Stonebrash (n.) A subsoil made up of small stones or finely-broken rock; brash.
Stonechat (n.) A small, active, and very common European singing bird (Pratincola rubicola); -- called also chickstone, stonechacker, stonechatter, stoneclink, stonesmith.
Stonehenge (n.) An assemblage of upright stones with others placed horizontally on their tops, on Salisbury Plain, England, -- generally supposed to be the remains of an ancient Druidical temple.
Stonewort (n.) Any plant of the genus Chara; -- so called because they are often incrusted with carbonate of lime. See Chara.
Stove (n.) A house or room artificially warmed or heated; a forcing house, or hothouse; a drying room; -- formerly, designating an artificially warmed dwelling or room, a parlor, or a bathroom, but now restricted, in this sense, to heated houses or rooms used for horticultural purposes or in the processes of the arts.
Stovepipe (n.) Pipe made of sheet iron in length and angular or curved pieces fitting together, -- used to connect a portable stove with a chimney flue.
Stycerin (n.) A triacid alcohol, related to glycerin, and obtained from certain styryl derivatives as a yellow, gummy, amorphous substance; -- called also phenyl glycerin.
Style (v. t.) A sharp-pointed tool used in engraving; a graver.
Style (v. t.) A kind of blunt-pointed surgical instrument.
Stylet (n.) An instrument for examining wounds and fistulas, and for passing setons, and the like; a probe, -- called also specillum.
Stake (n.) A territorial division; -- called also stake of Zion.
Stokehold (n.) The space, or any of the spaces, in front of the boilers of a ship, from which the furnaces are fed; the stokehole of a ship; also, a room containing a ship's boilers; as, forced draft with closed stokehold; -- called also, in American ships, fireroom.
Suede (n.) Swedish glove leather, -- usually made from lambskins tanned with willow bark. Also used adjectively; as, suede gloves.
Subhepatic (a.) Situated under, or on the ventral side of, the liver; -- applied to the interlobular branches of the portal vein.
Subsequency (n.) The act or state of following; -- opposed to precedence.
Succeed (v. i.) To come in the place of another person, thing, or event; to come next in the usual, natural, or prescribed course of things; to follow; hence, to come next in the possession of anything; -- often with to.
Successor (n.) One who succeeds or follows; one who takes the place which another has left, and sustains the like part or character; -- correlative to predecessor; as, the successor of a deceased king.
Sucker (n.) A small piece of leather, usually round, having a string attached to the center, which, when saturated with water and pressed upon a stone or other body having a smooth surface, adheres, by reason of the atmospheric pressure, with such force as to enable a considerable weight to be thus lifted by the string; -- used by children as a plaything.
Sucker (n.) A shoot from the roots or lower part of the stem of a plant; -- so called, perhaps, from diverting nourishment from the body of the plant.
Sucker (n.) Any one of numerous species of North American fresh-water cyprinoid fishes of the family Catostomidae; so called because the lips are protrusile. The flesh is coarse, and they are of little value as food. The most common species of the Eastern United States are the northern sucker (Catostomus Commersoni), the white sucker (C. teres), the hog sucker (C. nigricans), and the chub, or sweet sucker (Erimyzon sucetta). Some of the large Western species are called buffalo fish, red horse,>
Sucker (n.) A California food fish (Menticirrus undulatus) closely allied to the kingfish (a); -- called also bagre.
Suggestion (n.) The act or power of originating or recalling ideas or relations, distinguished as original and relative; -- a term much used by Scottish metaphysicians from Hutcherson to Thomas Brown.
Surfeit (v. t.) To feed so as to oppress the stomach and derange the function of the system; to overfeed, and produce satiety, sickness, or uneasiness; -- often reflexive; as, to surfeit one's self with sweets.
Surrender (v. t.) To yield to any influence, emotion, passion, or power; -- used reflexively; as, to surrender one's self to grief, to despair, to indolence, or to sleep.
Surrey (n.) A four-wheeled pleasure carriage, (commonly two-seated) somewhat like a phaeton, but having a straight bottom.
Suspect (a.) One who, or that which, is suspected; an object of suspicion; -- formerly applied to persons and things; now, only to persons suspected of crime.
Suspect (v. t.) To imagine to exist; to have a slight or vague opinion of the existence of, without proof, and often upon weak evidence or no evidence; to mistrust; to surmise; -- commonly used regarding something unfavorable, hurtful, or wrong; as, to suspect the presence of disease.
Suttee (n.) A Hindoo widow who immolates herself, or is immolated, on the funeral pile of her husband; -- so called because this act of self-immolation is regarded as envincing excellence of wifely character.
Sutteeism (n.) The practice of self-immolation of widows in Hindostan.
Swayed (a.) Bent down, and hollow in the back; sway-backed; -- said of a horse.
Swivel (a.) A small piece of ordnance, turning on a point or swivel; -- called also swivel gun.
Symmetrical (a.) Having an equal number of parts in the successive circles of floral organs; -- said of flowers.
Syngenesis (n.) A theory of generation in which each germ is supposed to contain the germs of all subsequent generations; -- the opposite of epigenesis.
Table (n.) One of the divisions of a backgammon board; as, to play into the right-hand table.
Table (n.) A plane surface, supposed to be transparent and perpendicular to the horizon; -- called also perspective plane.
Tablespoon (n.) A spoon of the largest size commonly used at the table; -- distinguished from teaspoon, dessert spoon, etc.
Tablet (n.) A solid kind of electuary or confection, commonly made of dry ingredients with sugar, and usually formed into little flat squares; -- called also lozenge, and troche, especially when of a round or rounded form.
Tacket (n.) A small, broad-headed nail.
Talker (n.) A loquacious person, male or female; a prattler; a babbler; also, a boaster; a braggart; -- used in contempt or reproach.
Tandem (adv. & a.) One after another; -- said especially of horses harnessed and driven one before another, instead of abreast.
Tangent (a.) meeting a curve or surface at a point and having at that point the same direction as the curve or surface; -- said of a straight Tapper (n.) The lesser spotted woodpecker (Dendrocopus minor); -- called also tapperer, tabberer, little wood pie, barred woodpecker, wood tapper, hickwall, and pump borer.
Tasker (n.) One who performs a task, as a day-laborer.
Tassel (n.) A piece of board that is laid upon a wall as a sort of plate, to give a level surface to the ends of floor timbers; -- rarely used in the United States.
Taste (v. t.) To partake of; to participate in; -- usually with an implied sense of relish or pleasure.
Taste (n.) Intellectual relish; liking; fondness; -- formerly with of, now with for; as, he had no taste for study.
Taste (n.) The power of perceiving and relishing excellence in human performances; the faculty of discerning beauty, order, congruity, proportion, symmetry, or whatever constitutes excellence, particularly in the fine arts and belles-letters; critical judgment; discernment.
Taster (n.) One of a peculiar kind of zooids situated on the polyp-stem of certain Siphonophora. They somewhat resemble the feeding zooids, but are destitute of mouths. See Siphonophora.
Tatter (n.) A rag, or a part torn and hanging; -- chiefly used in the plural.
Tatter (v. t.) To rend or tear into rags; -- used chiefly in the past participle as an adjective.
Tautegorical (a.) Expressing the same thing with different words; -- opposed to allegorical.
Temperature (n.) The degree of heat of the body of a living being, esp. of the human body; also (Colloq.), loosely, the excess of this over the normal (of the human body 98?-99.5? F., in the mouth of an adult about 98.4?).
Tenderloin (n.) In New York City, the region which is the center of the night life of fashionable amusement, including the majority of the theaters, etc., centering on Broadway. The term orig. designates the old twenty-ninth police precinct, in this region, which afforded the police great opportunities for profit through conniving at vice and lawbreaking, one captain being reported to have said on being transferred there that whereas he had been eating chuck steak he would now eat tenderlion. >
Teetee (n.) Any one of several species of small, soft-furred South American monkeys belonging to Callithrix, Chrysothrix, and allied genera; as, the collared teetee (Callithrix torquatus), and the squirrel teetee (Chrysothrix sciurea). Called also pinche, titi, and saimiri. See Squirrel monkey, under Squirrel.
Teeter (v. i. & t.) To move up and down on the ends of a balanced plank, or the like, as children do for sport; to seesaw; to titter; to titter-totter.
Tegmentum (n.) A covering; -- applied especially to the bundles of longitudinal fibers in the upper part of the crura of the cerebrum.
Temper (n.) Heat of mind or passion; irritation; proneness to anger; -- in a reproachful sense.
Tempered (a.) Brought to a proper temper; as, tempered steel; having (such) a temper; -- chiefly used in composition; as, a good-tempered or bad-tempered man; a well-tempered sword.
Tender (superl.) Careful to save inviolate, or not to injure; -- with of.
Tender (superl.) Heeling over too easily when under sail; -- said of a vessel.
Tenter (n.) A machine or frame for stretching cloth by means of hooks, called tenter-hooks, so that it may dry even and square.
Tergeminous (a.) Threefold; thrice-paired.
Terneplate (a.) Thin iron sheets coated with an alloy of lead and tin; -- so called because made up of three metals.
Terse (superl.) Refined; accomplished; -- said of persons.
Teste (n.) The witnessing or concluding clause, duty attached; -- said of a writ, deed, or the like.
Tester (n.) An old French silver coin, originally of the value of about eighteen pence, subsequently reduced to ninepence, and later to sixpence, sterling. Hence, in modern English slang, a sixpence; -- often contracted to tizzy. Called also teston.
Tetterwort (n.) A plant used as a remedy for tetter, -- in England the calendine, in America the bloodroot.
Thane (n.) A dignitary under the Anglo-Saxons and Danes in England. Of these there were two orders, the king's thanes, who attended the kings in their courts and held lands immediately of them, and the ordinary thanes, who were lords of manors and who had particular jurisdiction within their limits. After the Conquest, this title was disused, and baron took its place.
Theretofore (adv.) Up to that time; before then; -- correlative with heretofore.
Thewed (a.) Furnished with thews or muscles; as, a well-thewed limb.
Thyself (pron.) An emphasized form of the personal pronoun of the second person; -- used as a subject commonly with thou; as, thou thyself shalt go; that is, thou shalt go, and no other. It is sometimes used, especially in the predicate, without thou, and in the nominative as well as in the objective case.
Ticketing (n.) A periodical sale of ore in the English mining districts; -- so called from the tickets upon which are written the bids of the buyers.
Timber (n.) A certain quantity of fur skins, as of martens, ermines, sables, etc., packed between boards; being in some cases forty skins, in others one hundred and twenty; -- called also timmer.
Timber (n.) That sort of wood which is proper for buildings or for tools, utensils, furniture, carriages, fences, ships, and the like; -- usually said of felled trees, but sometimes of those standing. Cf. Lumber, 3.
Timber (v. t.) To furnish with timber; -- chiefly used in the past participle.
Timbered (a.) Furnished with timber; -- often compounded; as, a well-timbered house; a low-timbered house.
Timbered (a.) Covered with growth timber; wooden; as, well-timbered land.
Timberhead (n.) The top end of a timber, rising above the gunwale, and serving for belaying ropes, etc.; -- called also kevel head.
Tinker (n.) The razor-billed auk.
Tipper (n.) A kind of ale brewed with brackish water obtained from a particular well; -- so called from the first brewer of it, one Thomas Tipper.
Tippet (n.) A cape, or scarflike garment for covering the neck, or the neck and shoulders, -- usually made of fur, cloth, or other warm material.
Toluene (n.) A hydrocarbon, C6H5.CH3, of the aromatic series, homologous with benzene, and obtained as a light mobile colorless liquid, by distilling tolu balsam, coal tar, etc.; -- called also methyl benzene, phenyl methane, etc.
Toque (n.) A kind of cap worn in the 16th century, and copied in modern fashions; -- called also toquet.
Torbernite (n.) A mineral occurring in emerald-green tabular crystals having a micaceous structure. It is a hydrous phosphate of uranium and copper. Called also copper uranite, and chalcolite.
Torpedo (n.) A kind of small submarine boat carrying an explosive charge, and projected from a ship against another ship at a distance, or made self-propelling, and otherwise automatic in its action against a distant ship.
Torpedo (n.) A kind of detonating cartridge or shell placed on a rail, and exploded when crushed under the locomotive wheels, -- used as an alarm signal.
Tonneau (n.) In France, a light-wheeled vehicle with square or rounded body and rear entrance.
Topper (n.) A three-square float (file) used by comb makers.
Topper (n.) Tobacco left in the bottom of a pipe bowl; -- so called from its being often taken out and placed on top of the newly filled bowl. Also, a cigar stump.
Trace (n.) A connecting bar or rod, pivoted at each end to the end of another piece, for transmitting motion, esp. from one plane to another; specif., such a piece in an organ-stop action to transmit motion from the trundle to the lever actuating the stop slider.
Trabea (n.) A toga of purple, or ornamented with purple horizontal stripes. -- worn by kings, consuls, and augurs.
Trace (v. t.) A very small quantity of an element or compound in a given substance, especially when so small that the amount is not quantitatively determined in an analysis; -- hence, in stating an analysis, often contracted to tr.
Trade (v. i.) To have dealings; to be concerned or associated; -- usually followed by with.
Trapeze (n.) A swinging horizontal bar, suspended at each end by a rope; -- used by gymnasts.
Trapezohedron (n.) A solid bounded by twenty-four equal and similar trapeziums; a tetragonal trisoctahedron. See the Note under Trisoctahedron.
Trapezoid (n.) A plane four-sided figure, having two sides parallel to each other.
Travel (n.) An account, by a traveler, of occurrences and observations during a journey; as, a book of travels; -- often used as the title of a book; as, Travels in Italy.
Travesty (a.) Disguised by dress so as to be ridiculous; travestied; -- applied to a book or shorter composition.
Trice (n.) A very short time; an instant; a moment; -- now used only in the phrase in a trice.
Tricentenary (n.) A period of three centuries, or three hundred years, also, the three-hundredth anniversary of any event; a tercentenary.
Tride (a.) Short and ready; fleet; as, a tride pace; -- a term used by sportsmen.
Tridecatylene (n.) A hydrocarbon, C13H26, of the ethylene series, corresponding to tridecane, and obtained from Burmah petroleum as a light colorless liquid; -- called also tridecylene, and tridecene.
Trident (n.) A kind of scepter or spear with three prongs, -- the common attribute of Neptune.
Trident (n.) A three-pronged spear or goad, used for urging horses; also, the weapon used by one class of gladiators.
Trident (n.) A three-pronged fish spear.
Tridentated (a.) Having three teeth; three-toothed.
Trigenic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid, C4H7N3O2, obtained, by the action of the vapor of cyanic acid on cold aldehyde, as a white crystalTrinervate (a.) Having three ribs or nerves extending unbranched from the base to the apex; -- said of a leaf.
Tripe (n.) The entrails; hence, humorously or in contempt, the belly; -- generally used in the plural.
Tripetalous (a.) Having three petals, or flower leaves; three-petaled.
Trisected (a.) Divided into three parts or segments by incisions extending to the midrib or to the base; -- said of leaves.
Triternate (a.) Three times ternate; -- applied to a leaf whose petiole separates into three branches, each of which divides into three parts which each bear three leafiets.
Trivet (n.) A tree-legged stool, table, or other support; especially, a stand to hold a kettle or similar vessel near the fire; a tripod.
Tschego (n.) A West African anthropoid ape allied to the gorilla and chimpanzee, and by some considered only a variety of the chimpanzee. It is noted for building large, umbrella-shaped nests in trees. Called also tscheigo, tschiego, nschego, nscheigo.
Tucker (v. t.) To tire; to weary; -- usually with out.
Tunnel (n. .) A level passage driven across the measures, or at right angles to veins which it is desired to reach; -- distinguished from the drift, or gangway, which is led along the vein when reached by the tunnel.
Turpeth (n.) The root of Ipom/a Turpethum, a plant of Ceylon, Malabar, and Australia, formerly used in medicine as a purgative; -- sometimes called vegetable turpeth.
Turpeth (n.) A heavy yellow powder, Hg3O2SO4, which consists of a basic mercuric sulphate; -- called also turpeth mineral.
Turreted (a.) Furnished with a turret or turrets; specifically (Zool.), having the whorls somewhat flattened on the upper side and often ornamented by spines or tubercles; -- said of certain spiral shells.
Twopence (n.) A small coin, and money of account, in England, equivalent to two pennies, -- minted to a fixed annual amount, for almsgiving by the sovereign on Maundy Thursday.
Uncle (n.) An eldery man; -- used chiefly as a kindly or familiar appellation, esp. (Southern U. S.) for a worthy old negro; as, "Uncle Remus."
Umbrella (n.) Any marine tectibranchiate gastropod of the genus Umbrella, having an umbrella-shaped shell; -- called also umbrella shell.
Unbred (a.) Not taught or trained; -- with to.
Unbred (a.) Not well-bred; ill-bred.
Uncle (n.) The brother of one's father or mother; also applied to an aunt's husband; -- the correlative of aunt in sex, and of nephew and niece in relationship.
Uncreate (a.) Uncreated; self-existent.
Uncreated (a.) Not existing by creation; self-existent; eternal; as, God is an uncreated being.
Undreamt (a.) Not dreamed, or dreamed of; not th/ught of; not imagined; -- often followed by of.
Undress (n.) An authorized habitual dress of officers and soldiers, but not full-dress uniform.
Undwelt (a.) Not lived (in); -- with in.
Uneven (a.) Not divisible by two without a remainder; odd; -- said of numbers; as, 3, 7, and 11 are uneven numbers.
Unfeeling (a.) Without kind feelings; cruel; hard-hearted.
Uniseptate (a.) Having but one septum, or partition; -- said of two-celled fruits, such as the silicles of cruciferous plants.
Unisexual (a.) Having one sex only, as plants which have the male and female flowers on separate individuals, or animals in which the sexes are in separate individuals; di/cious; -- distinguished from bisexual, or hermaphrodite. See Di/cious.
Universal (a.) Of or pertaining to the universe; extending to, including, or affecting, the whole number, quantity, or space; unlimited; general; all-reaching; all-pervading; as, universal ruin; universal good; universal benevolence or benefice.
Universal (a.) Forming the whole of a genus; relatively unlimited in extension; affirmed or denied of the whole of a subject; as, a universal proposition; -- opposed to particular; e. g. (universal affirmative) All men are animals; (universal negative) No men are omniscient.
Universality (n.) The quality or state of being universal; unlimited extension or application; generality; -- distinguished from particularity; as, the unversality of a proposition; the unversality of sin; the unversality of the Deluge.
Unmeet (a.) Not meet or fit; not proper; unbecoming; unsuitable; -- usually followed by for.
Untressed (a.) Not tied up in tresses; unarranged; -- said of the hair.
Urite (n.) One of the segments of the abdomen or post-abdomen of arthropods.
Usage (n.) Long-continued practice; customary mode of procedure; custom; habitual use; method.
Value (n.) In an artistical composition, the character of any one part in its relation to other parts and to the whole; -- often used in the plural; as, the values are well given, or well maintained.
Varietas (n.) A variety; -- used in giving scientific names, and often abbreviated to var.
Vendee (n.) The person to whom a thing is vended, or sold; -- the correlative of vendor.
Vengeance (n.) Punishment inflicted in return for an injury or an offense; retribution; -- often, in a bad sense, passionate or unrestrained revenge.
Venter (n.) The belly; the abdomen; -- sometimes applied to any large cavity containing viscera.
Verge (n.) The compass of the court of Marshalsea and the Palace court, within which the lord steward and the marshal of the king's household had special jurisdiction; -- so called from the verge, or staff, which the marshal bore.
Versemonger (n.) A writer of verses; especially, a writer of commonplace poetry; a poetaster; a rhymer; -- used humorously or in contempt.
Vertebrally (adv.) At or within a vertebra or vertebrae; -- distinguished from interverterbrally.
Vertebrarterial (a.) Of or pertaining to a vertebrae and an artery; -- said of the foramina in the transverse processes of cervical vertebrae and of the canal which they form for the vertebral artery and vein.
Vertebrated (a.) Having movable joints resembling vertebrae; -- said of the arms ophiurans.
Vertebrated (a.) Of or pertaining to the Vertebrata; -- used only in the form vertebrate.
Viameter (n.) An odometer; -- called also viatometer.
Vincetoxin (n.) A glucoside extracted from the root of the white swallowwort (Vincetoxicum officinale, a plant of the Asclepias family) as a bitter yellow amorphous substance; -- called also asclepiadin, and cynanchin.
Violet (n.) Any one of numerous species of small violet-colored butterflies belonging to Lycaena, or Rusticus, and allied genera.
Vogue (n.) The way or fashion of people at any particular time; temporary mode, custom, or practice; popular reception for the time; -- used now generally in the phrase in vogue.
Voice (n.) Sound of the kind or quality heard in speech or song in the consonants b, v, d, etc., and in the vowels; sonant, or intonated, utterance; tone; -- distinguished from mere breath sound as heard in f, s, sh, etc., and also whisper.
Voice (n.) Command; precept; -- now chiefly used in scriptural language.
Voiced (a.) Uttered with voice; pronounced with vibrations of the vocal cords; sonant; -- said of a sound uttered with the glottis narrowed.
Voided (a.) Having the inner part cut away, or left vacant, a narrow border being left at the sides, the tincture of the field being seen in the vacant space; -- said of a charge.
Waggel (n.) The young of the great black-backed gull (Larus marinus), formerly considered a distinct species.
Waggery (n.) The manner or action of a wag; mischievous merriment; sportive trick or gayety; good-humored sarcasm; pleasantry; jocularity; as, the waggery of a schoolboy.
Wanderoo (n.) A large monkey (Macacus silenus) native of Malabar. It is black, or nearly so, but has a long white or gray beard encircling the face. Called also maha, silenus, neelbhunder, lion-tailed baboon, and great wanderoo.
Washed (a.) Appearing as if overlaid with a thin layer of different color; -- said of the colors of certain birds and insects.
Washerwoman (n.) The pied wagtail; -- so called in allusion to its beating the water with its tail while tripping along the leaves of water plants.
Waste (v. i.) To procure or sustain a reduction of flesh; -- said of a jockey in preparation for a race, etc.
Wastel (n.) A kind of white and fine bread or cake; -- called also wastel bread, and wastel cake.
Waster (v. t.) An imperfection in the wick of a candle, causing it to waste; -- called also a thief.
Waster (v. t.) A kind of cudgel; also, a blunt-edged sword used as a foil.
Waxberry (n.) The wax-covered fruit of the wax myrtle, or bayberry. See Bayberry, and Candleberry tree.
Watteau (a.) Having the appearance of that which is seen in pictures by Antoine Watteau, a French painter of the eighteenth century; -- said esp. of women's garments; as, a Watteau bodice.
Weaken (v. i.) To become weak or weaker; to lose strength, spirit, or determination; to become less positive or resolute; as, the patient weakened; the witness weakened on cross-examination.
Weaser (n.) The American merganser; -- called also weaser sheldrake.
Wedgebill (n.) An Australian crested insessorial bird (Sphenostoma cristatum) having a wedge-shaped bill. Its color is dull brown, like the earth of the plains where it lives.
Whatever (pron.) Anything soever which; the thing or things of any kind; being this or that; of one nature or another; one thing or another; anything that may be; all that; the whole that; all particulars that; -- used both substantively and adjectively.
Where (adv.) At or in what place; hence, in what situation, position, or circumstances; -- used interrogatively.
Where (adv.) At or in which place; at the place in which; hence, in the case or instance in which; -- used relatively.
Where (adv.) To what or which place; hence, to what goal, result, or issue; whither; -- used interrogatively and relatively; as, where are you going?
Whereabouts (adv.) About where; near what or which place; -- used interrogatively and relatively; as, whereabouts did you meet him?
Whereas (conj.) Considering that; it being the case that; since; -- used to introduce a preamble which is the basis of declarations, affirmations, commands, requests, or like, that follow.
Whereas (conj.) When in fact; while on the contrary; the case being in truth that; although; -- implying opposition to something that precedes; or implying recognition of facts, sometimes followed by a different statement, and sometimes by inferences or something consequent.
Whereat (adv.) At which; upon which; whereupon; -- used relatively.
Whereat (adv.) At what; -- used interrogatively; as, whereat are you offended?
Whereby (adv.) By which; -- used relatively.
Whereby (adv.) By what; how; -- used interrogatively.
Wherefore (adv. & conj.) For which reason; so; -- used relatively.
Wherefore (adv. & conj.) For what reason; why; -- used interrogatively.
Wherein (adv.) In which; in which place, thing, time, respect, or the like; -- used relatively.
Wherein (adv.) In what; -- used interrogatively.
Whereinto (adv.) Into which; -- used relatively.
Whereinto (adv.) Into what; -- used interrogatively.
Whereof (adv.) Of which; of whom; formerly, also, with which; -- used relatively.
Whereof (adv.) Of what; -- used interrogatively.
Whereon (adv.) On which; -- used relatively; as, the earth whereon we live.
Whereon (adv.) On what; -- used interrogatively; as, whereon do we stand?
Whereto (adv.) To which; -- used relatively.
Whereto (adv.) To what; to what end; -- used interrogatively.
Wherewith (adv.) With which; -- used relatively.
Wherewith (adv.) With what; -- used interrogatively.
While (v. t.) To cause to pass away pleasantly or without irksomeness or disgust; to spend or pass; -- usually followed by away.
White (superl.) Reflecting to the eye all the rays of the spectrum combined; not tinted with any of the proper colors or their mixtures; having the color of pure snow; snowy; -- the opposite of black or dark; as, white paper; a white skin.
Whitebeam (n.) The common beam tree of England (Pyrus Aria); -- so called from the white, woolly under surface of the leaves.
Whitecap (n.) The whitethroat; -- so called from its gray head.
Whitehead (n.) The blue-winged snow goose.
Whiterump (n.) The American black-tailed godwit.
Whiteside (n.) The golden-eye.
Whitewall (n.) The spotted flycatcher; -- so called from the white color of the under parts.
Whiteweed (n.) A perennial composite herb (Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum) with conspicuous white rays and a yellow disk, a common weed in grass lands and pastures; -- called also oxeye daisy.
Whitewing (n.) The chaffinch; -- so called from the white bands on the wing.
Whitewood (n.) The soft and easily-worked wood of the tulip tree (Liriodendron). It is much used in cabinetwork, carriage building, etc.
Whoreson (n.) A bastard; colloquially, a low, scurvy fellow; -- used generally in contempt, or in coarse humor. Also used adjectively.
Whitecap (n.) A member of a self-appointed vigilance committee attempting by lynch-law methods to drive away or coerce persons obnoxious to it. Some early ones wore white hoods or masks.
Whitehead (n.) A form of self-propelling torpedo.
Wicked (a.) Having a wick; -- used chiefly in composition; as, a two-wicked lamp.
Wicked (a.) Evil in principle or practice; deviating from morality; contrary to the moral or divine law; addicted to vice or sin; sinful; immoral; profligate; -- said of persons and things; as, a wicked king; a wicked woman; a wicked deed; wicked designs.
Wicket (n.) A place of shelter made of the boughs of trees, -- used by lumbermen, etc.
Wicket (n.) The space between the pillars, in postand-stall working.
Widgeon (n.) Any one of several species of fresh-water ducks, especially those belonging to the subgenus Mareca, of the genus Anas. The common European widgeon (Anas penelope) and the American widgeon (A. Americana) are the most important species. The latter is called also baldhead, baldpate, baldface, baldcrown, smoking duck, wheat, duck, and whitebelly.
Wiggery (n.) Any cover or screen, as red-tapism.
Willet (n.) A large North American snipe (Symphemia semipalmata); -- called also pill-willet, will-willet, semipalmated tattler, or snipe, duck snipe, and stone curlew.
Wincey (n.) Linsey-woolsey.
Winder (n.) One in a flight of steps which are curved in plan, so that each tread is broader at one end than at the other; -- distinguished from flyer.
Withernam (n.) A second or reciprocal distress of other goods in lieu of goods which were taken by a first distress and have been eloigned; a taking by way of reprisal; -- chiefly used in the expression capias in withernam, which is the name of a writ used in connection with the action of replevin (sometimes called a writ of reprisal), which issues to a defendant in replevin when he has obtained judgment for a return of the chattels replevied, and fails to obtain them on the writ of return.
Witted (a.) Having (such) a wit or understanding; as, a quick-witted boy.
Wooled (a.) Having (such) wool; as, a fine-wooled sheep.
Wormed (a.) Penetrated by worms; injured by worms; worm-eaten; as, wormed timber.
Worrel (n.) An Egyptian fork-tongued lizard, about four feet long when full grown.
Worse (compar.) Bad, ill, evil, or corrupt, in a greater degree; more bad or evil; less good; specifically, in poorer health; more sick; -- used both in a physical and moral sense.
Write (v. t.) To make known by writing; to record; to prove by one's own written testimony; -- often used reflexively.
Wulfenite (n.) Native lead molybdate occurring in tetragonal crystals, usually tabular, and of a bright orange-yellow to red, gray, or brown color; -- also called yellow lead ore.
Yelper (n.) The avocet; -- so called from its sharp, shrill cry.
Yesterday (adv.) On the day last past; on the day preceding to-day; as, the affair took place yesterday.
Yestereve (n.) Alt. of Yester-evening
Yowley (n.) The European yellow-hammer.
Zander (n.) A European pike perch (Stizostedion lucioperca) allied to the wall-eye; -- called also sandari, sander, sannat, schill, and zant.
Zantewood (n.) A yellow dyewood; fustet; -- called also zante, and zante fustic. See Fustet, and the Note under Fustic.
Zinkenite (n.) A steel-gray metallic mineral, a sulphide of antimony and lead.
Zither (n.) An instrument of music used in Austria and Germany. It has from thirty to forty wires strung across a shallow sounding-board, which lies horizontally on a table before the performer, who uses both hands in playing on it. [Not to be confounded with the old lute-shaped cittern, or cithern.]
Zosterops (n.) A genus of birds that comprises the white-eyes. See White-eye.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken
, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".