Words whose 5th letter is R
Abhor (v. i.) To shrink back with horror, disgust, or dislike; to be contrary or averse; -- with
Abhorrent (a.) Contrary or repugnant; discordant; inconsistent; -- followed by to.
Abstract (a.) Expressing a particular property of an object viewed apart from the other properties which constitute it; -- opposed to concrete; as, honesty is an abstract word.
Accord (v. t.) Voluntary or spontaneous motion or impulse to act; -- preceded by own; as, of one's own accord.
Accord (v. t.) To make to agree or correspond; to suit one thing to another; to adjust; -- followed by to.
Accord (v. i.) To agree; to correspond; to be in harmony; -- followed by with, formerly also by to; as, his disposition accords with his looks.
Accordant (a.) Agreeing; consonant; harmonious; corresponding; conformable; -- followed by with or to.
Accordantly (adv.) In accordance or agreement; agreeably; conformably; -- followed by with or to.
Accurst (p. p. & a.) Doomed to destruction or misery; cursed; hence, bad enough to be under the curse; execrable; detestable; exceedingly hateful; -- as, an accursed deed.
Admirable (a.) Having qualities to excite wonder united with approbation; deserving the highest praise; most excellent; -- used of persons or things.
Admire (v. i.) To wonder; to marvel; to be affected with surprise; -- sometimes with at.
Adscript (a.) Held to service as attached to the soil; -- said of feudal serfs.
Advert (v. i.) To turn the mind or attention; to refer; to take heed or notice; -- with to; as, he adverted to what was said.
Advertise (v. t.) To give notice to; to inform or apprise; to notify; to make known; hence, to warn; -- often followed by of before the subject of information; as, to advertise a man of his loss.
Afferent (a.) Bearing or conducting inwards to a part or organ; -- opposed to efferent; as, afferent vessels; afferent nerves, which convey sensations from the external organs to the brain.
Affirm (v. t.) To assert positively; to tell with confidence; to aver; to maintain as true; -- opposed to deny.
Affirmable (a.) Capable of being affirmed, asserted, or declared; -- followed by of; as, an attribute affirmable of every just man.
Affirmation (n.) The act of affirming or asserting as true; assertion; -- opposed to negation or denial.
Affirmative (a.) That affirms; asserting that the fact is so; declaratory of what exists; answering "yes" to a question; -- opposed to negative; as, an affirmative answer; an affirmative vote.
Affirmative (a.) Positive; -- a term applied to quantities which are to be added, and opposed to negative, or such as are to be subtracted.
Affirmative (n.) That which affirms as opposed to that which denies; an affirmative proposition; that side of question which affirms or maintains the proposition stated; -- opposed to negative; as, there were forty votes in the affirmative, and ten in the negative.
Affirmatively (adv.) In an affirmative manner; on the affirmative side of a question; in the affirmative; -- opposed to negatively.
Afford (v. t.) To incur, stand, or bear without serious detriment, as an act which might under other circumstances be injurious; -- with an auxiliary, as can, could, might, etc.; to be able or rich enough.
After (a.) To ward the stern of the ship; -- applied to any object in the rear part of a vessel; as the after cabin, after hatchway.
Afterguard (n.) The seaman or seamen stationed on the poop or after part of the ship, to attend the after-sails.
Aftermost (a. superl.) Hindmost; -- opposed to foremost.
Agrarian (a.) Wild; -- said of plants growing in the fields.
Alborak (n.) The imaginary milk-white animal on which Mohammed was said to have been carried up to heaven; a white mule.
Aller (a.) Of all; -- used in composition; as, alderbest, best of all, alderwisest, wisest of all.
Aleurone (n.) An albuminoid substance which occurs in minute grains ("protein granules") in maturing seeds and tubers; -- supposed to be a modification of protoplasm.
Alkarsin (n.) A spontaneously inflammable liquid, having a repulsive odor, and consisting of cacodyl and its oxidation products; -- called also Cadel's fuming liquid.
Alternate (v. i.) To happen, succeed, or act by turns; to follow reciprocally in place or time; -- followed by with; as, the flood and ebb tides alternate with each other.
Amaurosis (n.) A loss or decay of sight, from loss of power in the optic nerve, without any perceptible external change in the eye; -- called also gutta serena, the "drop serene" of Milton.
Amber (n.) Amber color, or anything amber-colored; a clear light yellow; as, the amber of the sky.
Amber (a.) Resembling amber, especially in color; amber-colored.
Ambergris (n.) A substance of the consistence of wax, found floating in the Indian Ocean and other parts of the tropics, and also as a morbid secretion in the intestines of the sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus), which is believed to be in all cases its true origin. In color it is white, ash-gray, yellow, or black, and often variegated like marble. The floating masses are sometimes from sixty to two hundred and twenty-five pounds in weight. It is wholly volatilized as a white vapor at 212? F>
Ampere (n.) The unit of electric current; -- defined by the International Electrical Congress in 1893 and by U. S. Statute as, one tenth of the unit of current of the C. G. S. system of electro-magnetic units, or the practical equivalent of the unvarying current which, when passed through a standard solution of nitrate of silver in water, deposits silver at the rate of 0.001118 grams per second. Called also the international ampere.
Anadromous (a.) Tending upwards; -- said of terns in which the lowest secondary segments are on the upper side of the branch of the central stem.
Anagram (n.) Literally, the letters of a word read backwards, but in its usual wider sense, the change or one word or phrase into another by the transposition of its letters. Thus Galenus becomes angelus; William Noy (attorney-general to Charles I., and a laborious man) may be turned into I moyl in law.
Anaerobic (a.) Not requiring air or oxygen for life; -- applied especially to those microbes to which free oxygen is unnecessary; anaerobiotic; -- opposed to aerobic.
Anthracnose (n.) Any one of several fungus diseases, caused by parasitic species of the series Melanconiales, attacking the bean, grape, melon, cotton, and other plants. In the case of the grape, brown concave spots are formed on the stem and fruit, and the disease is called bird's-eye rot.
Anthracosis (n.) A chronic lung disease, common among coal miners, due to the inhalation of coal dust; -- called also collier's lung and miner's phthisis.
Anatreptic (a.) Overthrowing; defeating; -- applied to Plato's refutative dialogues.
Anatropous (a.) Having the ovule inverted at an early period in its development, so that the chalaza is as the apparent apex; -- opposed to orthotropous.
Ambury (n.) A disease of the roots of turnips, etc.; -- called also fingers and toes.
Arthrospore (n.) A bacterial resting cell, -- formerly considered a spore, but now known to occur even in endosporous bacteria.
Antares (n.) The principal star in Scorpio: -- called also the Scorpion's Heart.
Anterior (a.) Before, or toward the front, in place; as, the anterior part of the mouth; -- opposed to posterior.
Anthraconite (n.) A coal-black marble, usually emitting a fetid smell when rubbed; -- called also stinkstone and swinestone.
Anthrax (n.) An infectious disease of cattle and sheep. It is ascribed to the presence of a rod-shaped bacterium (Bacillus anthracis), the spores of which constitute the contagious matter. It may be transmitted to man by inoculation. The spleen becomes greatly enlarged and filled with bacteria. Called also splenic fever.
Anthropocentric (a.) Assuming man as the center or ultimate end; -- applied to theories of the universe or of any part of it, as the solar system.
Anthropoid (a.) Resembling man; -- applied especially to certain apes, as the ourang or gorilla.
Anthropology (n.) The science of man; -- sometimes used in a limited sense to mean the study of man as an object of natural history, or as an animal.
Antirenter (n.) One opposed to the payment of rent; esp. one of those who in 1840-47 resisted the collection of rents claimed by the patroons from the settlers on certain manorial lands in the State of New York.
Apocrypha (n. pl.) Something, as a writing, that is of doubtful authorship or authority; -- formerly used also adjectively.
Apparition (n.) The first appearance of a star or other luminary after having been invisible or obscured; -- opposed to occultation.
Apteral (a.) Without lateral columns; -- applied to buildings which have no series of columns along their sides, but are either prostyle or amphiprostyle, and opposed to peripteral.
Apterous (a.) Destitute of winglike membranous expansions, as a stem or petiole; -- opposed to alate.
Aquarius (n.) The Water-bearer; the eleventh sign in the zodiac, which the sun enters about the 20th of January; -- so called from the rains which prevail at that season in Italy and the East.
Arboricole (a.) Tree-inhabiting; -- said of certain birds.
Arterialization (n.) The process of converting venous blood into arterial blood during its passage through the lungs, oxygen being absorbed and carbonic acid evolved; -- called also aeration and hematosis.
Arthropleura (n.) The side or limb-bearing portion of an arthromere.
Ashore (adv.) On shore or on land; on the land adjacent to water; to the shore; to the land; aground (when applied to a ship); -- sometimes opposed to aboard or afloat.
Asparagine (n.) A white, nitrogenous, crystallizable substance, C4H8N2O3+H2O, found in many plants, and first obtained from asparagus. It is believed to aid in the disposition of nitrogenous matter throughout the plant; -- called also altheine.
Asparagus (n.) The young and tender shoots of A. officinalis, which form a valuable and well-known article of food.
Asperity (n.) Roughness of surface; unevenness; -- opposed to smoothness.
Asperity (n.) Moral roughness; roughness of manner; severity; crabbedness; harshness; -- opposed to mildness.
Aspire (v. t.) To desire with eagerness; to seek to attain something high or great; to pant; to long; -- followed by to or after, and rarely by at; as, to aspire to a crown; to aspire after immorality.
Assertorial (a.) Asserting that a thing is; -- opposed to problematical and apodeictical.
Assurance (n.) Firmness of mind; undoubting, steadiness; intrepidity; courage; confidence; self-reliance.
Astarboard (adv.) Over to the starboard side; -- said of the tiller.
Asteridea (n. pl.) A class of Echinodermata including the true starfishes. The rays vary in number and always have ambulacral grooves below. The body is star-shaped or pentagonal.
Asterion (n.) The point on the side of the skull where the lambdoid, parieto-mastoid and occipito-mastoid sutures.
Asterism (n.) An optical property of some crystals which exhibit a star-shaped by reflected light, as star sapphire, or by transmitted light, as some mica.
Asternal (a.) Not sternal; -- said of ribs which do not join the sternum.
Asteroid (n.) A starlike body; esp. one of the numerous small planets whose orbits lie between those of Mars and Jupiter; -- called also planetoids and minor planets.
Aster (n.) A star-shaped figure of achromatic substance found chiefly in cells dividing by mitosis.
Asterope (n.) One of the Pleiades; -- called also Sterope.
Athermanous (a.) Not transmitting heat; -- opposed to diathermanous.
Attercop (n.) A peevish, ill-natured person.
Auburn (a.) Flaxen-colored.
Autarchy (n.) Self-sufficiency.
Bankruptcy (n.) Complete loss; -- followed by of.
Before (prep.) Preceding in time; earlier than; previously to; anterior to the time when; -- sometimes with the additional idea of purpose; in order that.
Before (adv.) On the fore part; in front, or in the direction of the front; -- opposed to in the rear.
Beforehand (adv.) In a state of anticipation ore preoccupation; in advance; -- often followed by with.
Beurre (n.) A beurre (or buttery) pear, one with the meat soft and melting; -- used with a distinguishing word; as, Beurre d'Anjou; Beurre Clairgeau.
Beverage (v. t.) Liquid for drinking; drink; -- usually applied to drink artificially prepared and of an agreeable flavor; as, an intoxicating beverage.
Beware (v. i.) To be on one's guard; to be cautious; to take care; -- commonly followed by of or lest before the thing that is to be avoided.
Bicarbonate (n.) A carbonate in which but half the hydrogen of the acid is replaced by a positive element or radical, thus making the proportion of the acid to the positive or basic portion twice what it is in the normal carbonates; an acid carbonate; -- sometimes called supercarbonate.
Bicarbureted (a.) Alt. of -retted
Bicarinate (a.) Having two keel-like projections, as the upper palea of grasses.
Bichromate (n.) A salt containing two parts of chromic acid to one of the other ingredients; as, potassium bichromate; -- called also dichromate.
Bicornous (a.) Having two horns; two-horned; crescentlike.
Bicorporate (a.) Double-bodied, as a lion having one head and two bodies.
Bifurcated (a.) Two-pronged; forked.
Bigaroon (n.) The large white-heart cherry.
Binervate (a.) Two-nerved; -- applied to leaves which have two longitudinal ribs or nerves.
Blear (v.) Dim or sore with water or rheum; -- said of the eyes.
Bleareyedness (n.) The state of being blear-eyed.
Bocardo (n.) A prison; -- originally the name of the old north gate in Oxford, which was used as a prison.
Bogtrotter (n.) One who lives in a boggy country; -- applied in derision to the lowest class of Irish.
Bongrace (n.) A projecting bonnet or shade to protect the complexion; also, a wide-brimmed hat.
Bostryx (n.) A form of cymose inflorescence with all the flowers on one side of the rachis, usually causing it to curl; -- called also a uniparous helicoid cyme.
Briarean (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, Briareus, a giant fabled to have a hundred hands; hence, hundred-handed or many-handed.
Buckra (n.) A white man; -- a term used by negroes of the African coast, West Indies, etc.
Cabaret (n.) a type of restaurant where liquor and dinner is served, and entertainment is provided, as by musicians, dancers, or comedians, and providing space for dancing by the patrons; -- similar to a nightclub. The term cabaret is often used in the names of such an establishment.
Calorisator (n.) An apparatus used in beet-sugar factories to heat the juice in order to aid the diffusion.
Camara (n.) Chamber; house; -- used in Ca"ma*ra dos Pa"res (/), and Ca"ma*ra dos De`pu*ta"dos (/). See Legislature.
Caloric (n.) The principle of heat, or the agent to which the phenomena of heat and combustion were formerly ascribed; -- not now used in scientific nomenclature, but sometimes used as a general term for heat.
Calorificient (a.) Having, or relating to the power of producing heat; -- applied to foods which, being rich in carbon, as the fats, are supposed to give rise to heat in the animal body by oxidation.
Caltrap (n.) A genus of herbaceous plants (Tribulus) of the order Zygophylleae, having a hard several-celled fruit, armed with stout spines, and resembling the military instrument of the same name. The species grow in warm countries, and are often very annoying to cattle.
Cambrian (a.) Of or pertaining to the lowest subdivision of the rocks of the Silurian or Molluscan age; -- sometimes described as inferior to the Silurian. It is named from its development in Cambria or Wales. See the Diagram under Geology.
Cambric (n.) A fabric made, in imitation of Cancriform (a.) Having the form of, or resembling, a crab; crab-shaped.
Caper (n.) A plant of the genus Capparis; -- called also caper bush, caper tree.
Caperberry (n.) The small olive-shaped berry of the European and Oriental caper, said to be used in pickles and as a condiment.
Capercally (n.) A species of grouse (Tetrao uragallus) of large size and fine flavor, found in northern Europe and formerly in Scotland; -- called also cock of the woods.
Cataract (n.) A kind of hydraulic brake for regulating the action of pumping engines and other machines; -- sometimes called dashpot.
Cater (n.) By extension: To supply what is needed or desired, at theatrical or musical entertainments; -- followed by for or to.
Celeriac (n.) Turnip-rooted celery, a from of celery with a large globular root, which is used for food.
Centreboard (n.) A movable or sliding keel formed of a broad board or slab of wood or metal which may be raised into a water-tight case amidships, when in shallow water, or may be lowered to increase the area of lateral resistance and prevent leeway when the vessel is beating to windward. It is used in vessels of all sizes along the coast of the United States
CentroCentrosphere (n.) The nucleus or central part of the earth, forming most of its mass; -- disting. from lithosphere, hydrosphere, etc.
Centrosphere (n.) The nucleus or central part of the earth, forming most of its mass; -- disting. from lithosphere, hydrosphere, etc.
Chagrin (n.) To excite ill-humor in; to vex; to mortify; as, he was not a little chagrined.
Chair (n.) A vehicle for one person; either a sedan borne upon poles, or two-wheeled carriage, drawn by one horse; a gig.
Cheer (v. t.) To cause to rejoice; to gladden; to make cheerful; -- often with up.
Cheer (v. i.) To grow cheerful; to become gladsome or joyous; -- usually with up.
Cherry (n.) The common garden cherry (Prunus Cerasus), of which several hundred varieties are cultivated for the fruit, some of which are, the begarreau, blackheart, black Tartarian, oxheart, morelle or morello, May-duke (corrupted from Medoc in France).
Chiaroscuro (n.) Alt. of Chiaro-oscuro
Chloric (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, chlorine; -- said of those compounds of chlorine in which this element has a valence of five, or the next to its highest; as, chloric acid, HClO3.
Chlormethane (n.) A colorless gas, CH3Cl, of a sweet odor, easily condensed to a liquid; -- called also methyl chloride.
Chloropal (n.) A massive mineral, greenish in color, and opal-like in appearance. It is essentially a hydrous silicate of iron.
Chloropeptic (a.) Of or pertaining to an acid more generally called pepsin-hydrochloric acid.
Chloroplastid (n.) A granule of chlorophyll; -- also called chloroleucite.
Chlorous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, chlorine; -- said of those compounds of chlorine in which this element has a valence of three, the next lower than in chloric compounds; as, chlorous acid, HClO2.
Chlorous (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the electro-negative character of chlorine; hence, electro-negative; -- opposed to basylous or zincous.
Churrworm (n.) An insect that turns about nimbly; the mole cricket; -- called also fan cricket.
Cicero (n.) Pica type; -- so called by French printers.
Cineraceous (a.) Like ashes; ash-colored; cinereous.
Cineraria (n.) A Linnaean genus of free-flowering composite plants, mostly from South Africa. Several species are cultivated for ornament.
Cinereous (a.) Like ashes; ash-colored; grayish.
Cineritious (a.) Like ashes; having the color of ashes, -- as the cortical substance of the brain.
Clairaudience (n.) Act of hearing, or the ability to hear, sounds not normally audible; -- usually claimed as a special faculty of spiritualistic mediums, or the like.
Clear (v. t.) To free from impediment or incumbrance, from defilement, or from anything injurious, useless, or offensive; as, to clear land of trees or brushwood, or from stones; to clear the sight or the voice; to clear one's self from debt; -- often used with of, off, away, or out.
Clear (v. t.) To free from the imputation of guilt; to justify, vindicate, or acquit; -- often used with from before the thing imputed.
Clear (v. i.) To become free from clouds or fog; to become fair; -- often followed by up, off, or away.
Clear (v. i.) To obtain a clearance; as, the steamer cleared for Liverpool to-day.
Clearwing (n.) A lepidopterous insect with partially transparent wings, of the family Aegeriadae, of which the currant and peach-tree borers are examples.
Coherer (n.) Any device in which an imperfectly conducting contact between pieces of metal or other conductors loosely resting against each other is materially improved in conductivity by the influence of Hertzian waves; -- so called by Sir O. J. Lodge in 1894 on the assumption that the impact of the electic waves caused the loosely connected parts to cohere, or weld together, a condition easily destroyed by tapping. A common form of coherer as used in wireless telegraphy consists of a tube co>
Colorado (a.) Reddish; -- often used in proper names of rivers or creeks.
Colorado (a.) Medium in color and strength; -- said of cigars.
Contraption (n.) A contrivance; a new-fangled device; -- used scornfully.
Control (n.) Any of the physical factors determining the climate of any particular place, as latitude,distribution of land and water, altitude, exposure, prevailing winds, permanent high- or low-barometric-pressure areas, ocean currents, mountain barriers, soil, and vegetation.
Controller (n.) A lever controlling the speed of an engine; -- applied esp. to the lever governing a throttle valve, as of a steam or gasoCoherent (a.) Logically consistent; -- applied to persons; as, a coherent thinker.
Colorado beetle () A yellowish beetle (Doryphora decemColoradoite (n.) Mercury telluride, an iron-black metallic mineral, found in Colorado.
Compressor (n.) An apparatus for confining or flattening between glass plates an object to be examined with the microscope; -- called also compressorium.
Concrete (a.) Standing for an object as it exists in nature, invested with all its qualities, as distinguished from standing for an attribute of an object; -- opposed to abstract.
Concrete (a.) Applied to a specific object; special; particular; -- opposed to general. See Abstract, 3.
Congregation (n.) The whole body of the Jewish people; -- called also Congregation of the Lord.
Congress (n.) A sudden encounter; a collision; a shock; -- said of things.
Contrabass (n.) Double bass; -- applied to any instrument of the same deep range as the stringed double bass; as, the contrabass ophicleide; the contrabass tuba or bombardon.
Contraction (n.) Something contracted or abbreviated, as a word or phrase; -- as, plenipo for plenipotentiary; crim. con. for criminal conversation, etc.
Contraposition (n.) A so-called immediate inference which consists in denying the original subject of the contradictory predicate; e.g.: Every S is P; therefore, no Not-P is S.
Contribution (n.) That which is contributed; -- either the portion which an individual furnishes to the common stock, or the whole which is formed by the gifts of individuals.
Coterminous (a.) Bordering; conterminous; -- followed by with.
Cover (v. t.) To copulate with (a female); to serve; as, a horse covers a mare; -- said of the male.
Coward (a.) Borne in the escutcheon with his tail doubled between his legs; -- said of a lion.
Crier (n.) an officer who proclaims the orders or directions of a court, or who gives public notice by loud proclamation; as, a town-crier.
Cryer (n.) The female of the hawk; a falcon-gentil.
Cucurbite (n.) A vessel or flask for distillation, used with, or forming part of, an alembic; a matrass; -- originally in the shape of a gourd, with a wide mouth. See Alembic.
Cucurbitive (a.) Having the shape of a gourd seed; -- said of certain small worms.
Cultrated (a.) Sharp-edged and pointed; shaped like a pruning knife, as the beak of certain birds.
Cultrivorous (a.) Devouring knives; swallowing, or pretending to swallow, knives; -- applied to persons who have swallowed, or have seemed to swallow, knives with impunity.
Custrel (n.) An armor-bearer to a knight.
Datura (n.) A genus of solanaceous plants, with large funnel-shaped flowers and a four-celled, capsular fruit.
Daturine (n.) Atropine; -- called also daturia and daturina.
Destroyer (n.) = Torpedo-boat destroyer.
Debar (v. t.) To cut off from entrance, as if by a bar or barrier; to preclude; to hinder from approach, entry, or enjoyment; to shut out or exclude; to deny or refuse; -- with from, and sometimes with of.
Decurrent (a.) Extending downward; -- said of a leaf whose base extends downward and forms a wing along the stem.
Defer (v. t.) To lay before; to submit in a respectful manner; to refer; -- with to.
Defer (v. i.) To yield deference to the wishes of another; to submit to the opinion of another, or to authority; -- with to.
Delirious (a.) Having a delirium; wandering in mind; light-headed; insane; raving; wild; as, a delirious patient; delirious fancies.
Delirium (n.) A state in which the thoughts, expressions, and actions are wild, irregular, and incoherent; mental aberration; a roving or wandering of the mind, -- usually dependent on a fever or some other disease, and so distinguished from mania, or madness.
Demerit (n.) That which deserves blame; ill desert; a fault; a vice; misconduct; -- the opposite of merit.
Demerit (n.) To deserve; -- said in reference to both praise and blame.
Demurely (adv.) In a demure manner; soberly; gravely; -- now, commonly, with a mere show of gravity or modesty.
Denarius (n.) A Roman silver coin of the value of about fourteen cents; the "penny" of the New Testament; -- so called from being worth originally ten of the pieces called as.
Depart (v. i.) To go forth or away; to quit, leave, or separate, as from a place or a person; to withdraw; -- opposed to arrive; -- often with from before the place, person, or thing left, and for or to before the destination.
Depart (v. i.) To forsake; to abandon; to desist or deviate (from); not to adhere to; -- with from; as, we can not depart from our rules; to depart from a title or defense in legal pleading.
Deport (v. t.) To carry or demean; to conduct; to behave; -- followed by the reflexive pronoun.
Desert (v. t.) To leave (especially something which one should stay by and support); to leave in the lurch; to abandon; to forsake; -- implying blame, except sometimes when used of localities; as, to desert a friend, a principle, a cause, one's country.
Deserve (v. i.) To be worthy of recompense; -- usually with ill or with well.
Destructionist (n.) One who believes in the final destruction or complete annihilation of the wicked; -- called also annihilationist.
Destructive (a.) Causing destruction; tending to bring about ruin, death, or devastation; ruinous; fatal; productive of serious evil; mischievous; pernicious; -- often with of or to; as, intemperance is destructive of health; evil examples are destructive to the morals of youth.
Determination (n.) The addition of a differentia to a concept or notion, thus limiting its extent; -- the opposite of generalization.
Determine (v. t.) To fix the course of; to impel and direct; -- with a remoter object preceded by to; as, another's will determined me to this course.
Determine (v. i.) To come to a decision; to decide; to resolve; -- often with on.
Dextrality (n.) The state of being on the right-hand side; also, the quality of being right-handed; right-handedness.
Dextrin (n.) A translucent, gummy, amorphous substance, nearly tasteless and odorless, used as a substitute for gum, for sizing, etc., and obtained from starch by the action of heat, acids, or diastase. It is of somewhat variable composition, containing several carbohydrates which change easily to their respective varieties of sugar. It is so named from its rotating the plane of polarization to the right; -- called also British gum, Alsace gum, gommelin, leiocome, etc. See Achroodextrin, and E>
Dextrorse (a.) Turning from the left to the right, in the ascending Diacritical (a.) That separates or distinguishes; -- applied to points or marks used to distinguish letters of similar form, or different sounds of the same letter, as, a, /, a, /, /, etc.
Dichroite (n.) Iolite; -- so called from its presenting two different colors when viewed in two different directions. See Iolite.
Dichromate (n.) A salt of chromic acid containing two equivalents of the acid radical to one of the base; -- called also bichromate.
Dichromic (a.) Furnishing or giving two colors; -- said of defective vision, in which all the compound colors are resolvable into two elements instead of three.
Dipyre (n.) A mineral of the scapolite group; -- so called from the double effect of fire upon it, in fusing it, and rendering it phosphorescent.
Discredit (n.) Hence, some degree of dishonor or disesteem; ill repute; reproach; -- applied to persons or things.
Discretion (n.) The quality of being discreet; wise conduct and management; cautious discernment, especially as to matters of propriety and self-control; prudence; circumspection; wariness.
Disgregate (v. t.) To disperse; to scatter; -- opposite of congregate.
Distract (v. t.) To unsettle the reason of; to render insane; to craze; to madden; -- most frequently used in the participle, distracted.
Distrait (a.) Absent-minded; lost in thought; abstracted.
Diverge (v. i.) To extend from a common point in different directions; to tend from one point and recede from each other; to tend to spread apart; to turn aside or deviate (as from a given direction); -- opposed to converge; as, rays of light diverge as they proceed from the sun.
Divergent (a.) Receding farther and farther from each other, as Divorce (n.) The separation of a married woman from the bed and board of her husband -- divorce a mensa et toro (/ thoro), "from bed board."
Doldrums (n. pl.) A part of the ocean near the equator, abounding in calms, squalls, and light, baffling winds, which sometimes prevent all progress for weeks; -- so called by sailors.
Dolerite (n.) A dark-colored, basic, igneous rock, composed essentially of pyroxene and a triclinic feldspar with magnetic iron. By many authors it is considered equivalent to a coarse-grained basalt.
Dolerite (n.) Coarse-grained basalt.
Doloroso (a. & adv.) Plaintive; pathetic; -- used adverbially as a musical direction.
Donor (n.) One who grants an estate; in later use, one who confers a power; -- the opposite of donee.
Duograph (n.) A picture printed from two half-tone plates made with the screen set at different angles, and usually printed in two shades of the same color or in black and one tint.
Dysprosium (n.) An element of the rare earth-group. Symbol Dy; at. wt., 162.5.
Dyscrasia (n.) An ill habit or state of the constitution; -- formerly regarded as dependent on a morbid condition of the blood and humors.
Efferent (a.) Conveying outward, or discharging; -- applied to certain blood vessels, lymphatics, nerves, etc.
Efferent (a.) Conveyed outward; as, efferent impulses, i. e., such as are conveyed by the motor or efferent nerves from the central nervous organ outwards; -- opposed to afferent.
Eider (n.) Any species of sea duck of the genus Somateria, esp. Somateria mollissima, which breeds in the northern parts of Europe and America, and Elder (a.) Born before another; prior in years; senior; earlier; older; as, his elder brother died in infancy; -- opposed to younger, and now commonly applied to a son, daughter, child, brother, etc.
Elver (n.) A young eel; a young conger or sea eel; -- called also elvene.
Embargo (v. t.) To lay an embargo on and thus detain; to prohibit from leaving port; -- said of ships, also of commerce and goods.
Embarrass (v. t.) To involve in difficulties concerning money matters; to incumber with debt; to beset with urgent claims or demands; -- said of a person or his affairs; as, a man or his business is embarrassed when he can not meet his pecuniary engagements.
Ember (n.) A lighted coal, smoldering amid ashes; -- used chiefly in the plural, to signify mingled coals and ashes; the smoldering remains of a fire.
Emperor (n.) The sovereign or supreme monarch of an empire; -- a title of dignity superior to that of king; as, the emperor of Germany or of Austria; the emperor or Czar of Russia.
Empirical (a.) Depending upon experience or observation alone, without due regard to science and theory; -- said especially of medical practice, remedies, etc.; wanting in science and deep insight; as, empiric skill, remedies.
Empiristic (a.) Relating to, or resulting from, experience, or experiment; following from empirical methods or data; -- opposed to nativistic.
Encore (adv. / interj.) Once more; again; -- used by the auditors and spectators of plays, concerts, and other entertainments, to call for a repetition of a particular part.
Endorhiza (n.) Any monocotyledonous plant; -- so named because many monocotyledons have an endorhizal embryo.
Enduring (a.) Lasting; durable; long-suffering; as, an enduring disposition.
Enlarge (v. i.) To get more astern or parallel with the vessel's course; to draw aft; -- said of the wind.
Enter (v. i.) To go or come in; -- often with in used pleonastically; also, to begin; to take the first steps.
Enter (v. i.) To get admission; to introduce one's self; to penetrate; to form or constitute a part; to become a partaker or participant; to share; to engage; -- usually with into; sometimes with on or upon; as, a ball enters into the body; water enters into a ship; he enters into the plan; to enter into a quarrel; a merchant enters into partnership with some one; to enter upon another's land; the boy enters on his tenth year; to enter upon a task; lead enters into the composition of pewter.>
Enter (v. i.) To penetrate mentally; to consider attentively; -- with into.
Enterotome (n.) A kind of scissors used for opening the intestinal canal, as in post-mortem examinations.
Entire (a.) Not gelded; -- said of a horse.
Entireness (n.) Oneness; unity; -- applied to a condition of intimacy or close association.
Error (n.) The difference between the approximate result and the true result; -- used particularly in the rule of double position.
Error (n.) The difference between the observed value of a quantity and that which is taken or computed to be the true value; -- sometimes called residual error.
Escarp (n.) The side of the ditch next the parapet; -- same as scarp, and opposed to counterscarp.
Escort (n.) A body of armed men to attend a person of distinction for the sake of affording safety when on a journey; one who conducts some one as an attendant; a guard, as of prisoners on a march; also, a body of persons, attending as a mark of respect or honor; -- applied to movements on land, as convoy is to movements at sea.
Escort (n.) To attend with a view to guard and protect; to accompany as safeguard; to give honorable or ceremonious attendance to; -- used esp. with reference to journeys or excursions on land; as, to escort a public functionary, or a lady; to escort a baggage wagon.
Escurial (n.) A palace and mausoleum of the kinds of Spain, being a vast and wonderful structure about twenty-five miles northwest of Madrid.
Essorant (a.) Standing, but with the wings spread, as if about to fly; -- said of a bird borne as a charge on an escutcheon.
Etherin (n.) A white, crystalEuchre (n.) A game at cards, that may be played by two, three, or four persons, the highest card (except when an extra card called the Joker is used) being the knave of the same suit as the trump, and called right bower, the lowest card used being the seven, or frequently, in two-handed euchre, the nine spot. See Bower.
Excarnation (n.) The act of depriving or divesting of flesh; excarnification; -- opposed to incarnation.
Exedra (n.) Any out-of-door seat in stone, large enough for several persons; esp., one of curved form.
Experientialism (n.) The doctrine that experience, either that ourselves or of others, is the test or criterion of general knowledge; -- opposed to intuitionists.
Experiment (v. t.) To make experiment; to operate by test or trial; -- often with on, upon, or in, referring to the subject of an experiment; with, referring to the instrument; and by, referring to the means; as, to experiment upon electricity; he experimented in plowing with ponies, or by steam power.
Expiration (n.) The act or process of breathing out, or forcing air from the lungs through the nose or mouth; as, respiration consists of inspiration and expiration; -- opposed to inspiration.
Expire (v. t.) To breathe out; to emit from the lungs; to throw out from the mouth or nostrils in the process of respiration; -- opposed to inspire.
Expire (v. i.) To come to an end; to cease; to terminate; to perish; to become extinct; as, the flame expired; his lease expires to-day; the month expired on Saturday.
Export (v. t.) To carry or send abroad, or out of a country, especially to foreign countries, as merchandise or commodities in the way of commerce; -- the opposite of import; as, to export grain, cotton, cattle, goods, etc.
Export (n.) That which is exported; a commodity conveyed from one country or State to another in the way of traffic; -- used chiefly in the plural, exports.
Exporter (n.) One who exports; the person who sends goods or commodities to a foreign country, in the way of commerce; -- opposed to importer.
Exterior (a.) External; outward; pertaining to that which is external; -- opposed to interior; as, the exterior part of a sphere.
External (a.) Outward; exterior; relating to the outside, as of a body; being without; acting from without; -- opposed to internal; as, the external form or surface of a body.
External (n.) Something external or without; outward part; that which makes a show, rather than that which is intrinsic; visible form; -- usually in the plural.
Externe (n.) An officer in attendance upon a hospital, but not residing in it; esp., one who cares for the out-patients.
Faser (n.) One who faces; one who puts on a false show; a bold-faced person.
Favor (n.) A letter or epistle; -- so called in civility or compliment; as, your favor of yesterday is received.
Favorable (n.) Beautiful; well-favored.
Favored (a.) Having a certain favor or appearance; featured; as, well-favored; hard-favored, etc.
Favorer (n.) One who favors; one who regards with kindness or friendship; a well-wisher; one who assists or promotes success or prosperity.
Favorite (n.) Short curls dangling over the temples; -- fashionable in the reign of Charles II.
Feverfew (n.) A perennial plant (Pyrethrum, / Chrysanthemum, Parthenium) allied to camomile, having finely divided leaves and white blossoms; -- so named from its supposed febrifugal qualities.
Figurative (a.) Used in a sense that is tropical, as a metaphor; not literal; -- applied to words and expressions.
Figure (n.) A diagram or drawing; made to represent a magnitude or the relation of two or more magnitudes; a surface or space inclosed on all sides; -- called superficial when inclosed by Figurine (n.) A very small figure, whether human or of an animal; especially, one in terra cotta or the like; -- distinguished from statuette, which is applied to small figures in bronze, marble, etc.
Fimbriated (a.) Having a very narrow border of another tincture; -- said esp. of an ordinary or subordinary.
Fleuron (n.) A flower-shaped ornament, esp. one terminating an object or forming one of a series, as a knob of a cover to a dish, or a flower-shaped part in a necklace.
Fluorescence (n.) A property possessed by fluor spar, uranium glass, sulphide of calcium, and many other substances, of glowing without appreciable rise of temperature when exposed to light or to ultra-violet rays, cathode rays, X rays, etc.
Fleury (a.) Finished at the ends with fleurs-de-lis; -- said esp. of a cross so decorated.
Floured (p. a.) Finely granulated; -- said of quicksilver which has been granulated by agitation during the amalgamation process.
Fluorescein (n.) A yellowish red, crystalFluorine (n.) A non-metallic, gaseous element, strongly acid or negative, or associated with chlorine, bromine, and iodine, in the halogen group of which it is the first member. It always occurs combined, is very active chemically, and possesses such an avidity for most elements, and silicon especially, that it can neither be prepared nor kept in glass vessels. If set free it immediately attacks the containing material, so that it was not isolated until 1886. It is a pungent, corrosive, colorl>
Fluoroid (n.) A tetrahexahedron; -- so called because it is a common form of fluorite.
Flyer (n.) The pair of arms attached to the spindle of a spinning frame, over which the thread passes to the bobbin; -- so called from their swift revolution. See Fly, n., 11.
Footrope (n.) The rope rigged below a yard, upon which men stand when reefing or furling; -- formerly called a horse.
Foutra (n.) A fig; -- a word of contempt.
Futurism (n.) A movement or phase of post-impressionism (which see, below).
Funeral (n.) The solemn rites used in the disposition of a dead human body, whether such disposition be by interment, burning, or otherwise; esp., the ceremony or solemnization of interment; obsequies; burial; -- formerly used in the plural.
Funeral (n.) A funeral sermon; -- usually in the plural.
Future (a.) The possibilities of the future; -- used especially of prospective success or advancement; as, he had great future before him.
Gambrel (n.) A stick crooked like a horse's hind leg; -- used by butchers in suspending slaughtered animals.
Gaper (n.) A large edible clam (Schizothaerus Nuttalli), of the Pacific coast; -- called also gaper clam.
Gastraea (n.) A primeval larval form; a double-walled sac from which, according to the hypothesis of Haeckel, man and all other animals, that in the first stages of their individual evolution pass through a two-layered structural stage, or gastrula form, must have descended. This idea constitutes the Gastraea theory of Haeckel. See Gastrula.
Gastromalacia (n.) A softening of the coats of the stomach; -- usually a post-morten change.
Gastropoda (n. pl.) One of the classes of Mollusca, of great extent. It includes most of the marine spiral shells, and the land and fresh-water snails. They generally creep by means of a flat, muscular disk, or foot, on the ventral side of the body. The head usually bears one or two pairs of tentacles. See Mollusca.
Gastrula (n.) An embryonic form having its origin in the invagination or pushing in of the wall of the planula or blastula (the blastosphere) on one side, thus giving rise to a double-walled sac, with one opening or mouth (the blastopore) which leads into the cavity (the archenteron) General (a.) The whole; the total; that which comprehends or relates to all, or the chief part; -- opposed to particular.
Generalissimo (a.) The chief commander of an army; especially, the commander in chief of an army consisting of two or more grand divisions under separate commanders; -- a title used in most foreign countries.
Generalship (n.) The office of a general; the exercise of the functions of a general; -- sometimes, with the possessive pronoun, the personality of a general.
Generator (n.) The principal sound or sounds by which others are produced; the fundamental note or root of the common chord; -- called also generating tone.
Generatrix (n.) That which generates; the point, or the mathematical magnitude, which, by its motion, generates another magnitude, as a Generical (a.) Very comprehensive; pertaining or appropriate to large classes or their characteristics; -- opposed to specific.
Generosity (n.) The quality of being noble; noble-mindedness.
Generous (a.) Open-handed; free to give; not close or niggardly; munificent; as, a generous friend or father.
Geocronite (n.) A lead-gray or grayish blue mineral with a metallic luster, consisting of sulphur, antimony, and lead, with a small proportion of arsenic.
Gibaro (n.) The offspring of a Spaniard and an Indian; a Spanish-Indian mestizo.
Gisarm (n.) A weapon with a scythe-shaped blade, and a separate long sharp point, mounted on a long staff and carried by foot soldiers.
Glairin (n.) A glairy viscous substance, which forms on the surface of certain mineral waters, or covers the sides of their inclosures; -- called also baregin.
Gomer (n.) A conical chamber at the breech of the bore in heavy ordnance, especially in mortars; -- named after the inventor.
Gorcrow (n.) The carrion crow; -- called also gercrow.
Governess (n.) A female governor; a woman invested with authority to control and direct; especially, one intrusted with the care and instruction of children, -- usually in their homes.
Haversack (n.) A bag or case, usually of stout cloth, in which a soldier carries his rations when on a march; -- distinguished from knapsack.
Heteroecious (a.) Passing through the different stages in its life history on an alternation of hosts, as the common wheat-rust fungus (Puccinia graminis), and certain other parasitic fungi; -- contrasted with autoecious.
Hederiferous (a.) Producing ivy; ivy-bearing.
Hepar (n.) Liver of sulphur; a substance of a liver-brown color, sometimes used in medicine. It is formed by fusing sulphur with carbonates of the alkalies (esp. potassium), and consists essentially of alkaHetercephalous (a.) Bearing two kinds of heads or capitula; -- said of certain composite plants.
Heterodont (a.) Having the teeth differentiated into incisors, canines, and molars, as in man; -- opposed to homodont.
Heterodox (a.) Contrary to, or differing from, some acknowledged standard, as the Bible, the creed of a church, the decree of a council, and the like; not orthodox; heretical; -- said of opinions, doctrines, books, etc., esp. upon theological subjects.
Heterodox (a.) Holding heterodox opinions, or doctrines not orthodox; heretical; -- said of persons.
Heterodromous (a.) Moving in opposite directions; -- said of a lever, pulley, etc., in which the resistance and the actuating force are on opposite sides of the fulcrum or axis.
Heterogamy (n.) The process of fertilization in plants by an indirect or circuitous method; -- opposed to orthogamy.
Heterogamy (n.) That form of alternate generation in which two kinds of sexual generation, or a sexual and a parthenogenetic generation, alternate; -- in distinction from metagenesis, where sexual and asexual generations alternate.
Heterogangliate (a.) Having the ganglia of the nervous system unsymmetrically arranged; -- said of certain invertebrate animals.
Heterogeneous (a.) Differing in kind; having unlike qualities; possessed of different characteristics; dissimilar; -- opposed to homogeneous, and said of two or more connected objects, or of a conglomerate mass, considered in respect to the parts of which it is made up.
Heterogenesis (n.) That method of reproduction in which the successive generations differ from each other, the parent organism producing offspring different in habit and structure from itself, the original form, however, reappearing after one or more generations; -- opposed to homogenesis, or gamogenesis.
Heterographic (a.) Employing the same letters to represent different sounds in different words or syllables; -- said of methods of spelling; as, the ordinary English orthography is heterographic.
Heterogynous (a.) Having females very unlike the males in form and structure; -- as certain insects, the males of which are winged, and the females wingless.
Heterologous (a.) Characterized by heterology; consisting of different elements, or of like elements in different proportions; different; -- opposed to homologous; as, heterologous organs.
Heterology (n.) The absence of correspondence, or relation, in type of structure; lack of analogy between parts, owing to their being composed of different elements, or of like elements in different proportions; variation in structure from the normal form; -- opposed to homology.
Heteromerous (a.) Having the femoral artery developed as the principal artery of the leg; -- said of certain birds, as the cotingas and pipras.
Heteromorphic (a.) Deviating from the normal, perfect, or mature form; having different forms at different stages of existence, or in different individuals of the same species; -- applied especially to insects in which there is a wide difference of form between the larva and the adult, and to plants having more than one form of flower.
Heteronereis (n.) A free-swimming, dimorphic, sexual form of certain species of Nereis.
Heteronomy (n.) Subordination or subjection to the law of another; political subjection of a community or state; -- opposed to autonomy.
Heteronym (n.) That which is heteronymous; a thing having a different name or designation from some other thing; -- opposed to homonym.
Heterophemy (n.) The unconscious saying, in speech or in writing, of that which one does not intend to say; -- frequently the very reverse of the thought which is present to consciousness.
Heteroscian (n.) One who lives either north or south of the tropics, as contrasted with one who lives on the other side of them; -- so called because at noon the shadows always fall in opposite directions (the one northward, the other southward).
Heterotopy (n.) A deviation from the natural position; -- a term applied in the case of organs or growths which are abnormal in situation.
Histrionical (a.) Of or relating to the stage or a stageplayer; befitting a theatre; theatrical; -- sometimes in a bad sense.
Homer (n.) A Hebrew measure containing, as a liquid measure, ten baths, equivalent to fifty-five gallons, two quarts, one pint; and, as a dry measure, ten ephahs, equivalent to six bushels, two pecks, four quarts.
Honor (n.) That which rightfully attracts esteem, respect, or consideration; self-respect; dignity; courage; fidelity; especially, excellence of character; high moral worth; virtue; nobleness; specif., in men, integrity; uprightness; trustworthness; in women, purity; chastity.
Honorable (a.) High-minded; actuated by principles of honor, or a scrupulous regard to probity, rectitude, or reputation.
Hyperapophysis (n.) A lateral and backward-projecting process on the dorsal side of a vertebra.
Hypercarbureted (a.) Having an excessive proportion of carbonic acid; -- said of bicarbonates or acid carbonates.
Hypericum (n.) A genus of plants, generally with dotted leaves and yellow flowers; -- called also St. John's-wort.
Hypermetropy (n.) A condition of the eye in which, through shortness of the eyeball or fault of the refractive media, the rays of light come to a focus behind the retina; farsightedness; -- called also hyperopia. Cf. Emmetropia.
Hyperoxygenized (a.) Combined with a relatively large amount of oxygen; -- said of higher oxides.
Hypernoea (n.) Abnormal breathing, due to slightly deficient arterialization of the blood; -- in distinction from eupnoea. See Eupnoea, and Dispnoea.
Hypertrophy (n.) A condition of overgrowth or excessive development of an organ or part; -- the opposite of atrophy.
Hypural (a.) Under the tail; -- applied to the bones which support the caudal fin rays in most fishes.
Hystricomorphous (a.) Like, or allied to, the porcupines; -- said of a group (Hystricomorpha) of rodents.
Ignoramus (n.) We are ignorant; we ignore; -- being the word formerly written on a bill of indictment by a grand jury when there was not sufficient evidence to warrant them in finding it a true bill. The phrase now used is, "No bill," "No true bill," or "Not found," though in some jurisdictions "Ignored" is still used.
Ignorant (a.) Unacquainted with; unconscious or unaware; -- used with of.
Ignore (v. t.) To throw out or reject as false or ungrounded; -- said of a bill rejected by a grand jury for want of evidence. See Ignoramus.
Immersion (n.) The dissapearance of a celestail body, by passing either behind another, as in the occultation of a star, or into its shadow, as in the eclipse of a satellite; -- opposed to emersion.
Imperator (n.) A commander; a leader; an emperor; -- originally an appellation of honor by which Roman soldiers saluted their general after an important victory. Subsequently the title was conferred as a recognition of great military achievements by the senate, whence it carried wiht it some special privileges. After the downfall of the Republic it was assumed by Augustus and his successors, and came to have the meaning now attached to the word emperor.
Imperial (n.) The tuft of hair on a man's lower lip and chin; -- so called from the style of beard of Napoleon III.
Import (v. t.) To bring in from abroad; to introduce from without; especially, to bring (wares or merchandise) into a place or country from a foreign country, in the transactions of commerce; -- opposed to export. We import teas from China, coffee from Brasil, etc.
Import (n.) Merchandise imported, or brought into a country from without its boundaries; -- generally in the plural, opposed to exports.
Importation (v. t.) The act or practice of importing, or bringing into a country or state; -- opposed to exportation.
Importer (n.) One who imports; the merchant who brings goods into a country or state; -- opposed to exporter.
Impure (a.) Defiled by sin or guilt; unholy; unhallowed; -- said of persons or things.
Instroke (n.) An inward stroke; specif., in a steam or other engine, a stroke in which the piston is moving away from the crank shaft; -- opposed to outstroke.
Interferometer (n.) An instrument for measuring small movements, distances, or displacements by means of the interference of two beams of light; -- called also refractometer.
Incarnadine (a.) Flesh-colored; of a carnation or pale red color.
Incarnate (a.) Flesh-colored; rosy; red.
Incorporate (v. t.) To unite with, or introduce into, a mass already formed; as, to incorporate copper with silver; -- used with with and into.
Incorporate (v. i.) To unite in one body so as to make a part of it; to be mixed or blended; -- usually followed by with.
Incorporeal (a.) Existing only in contemplation of law; not capable of actual visible seizin or possession; not being an object of sense; intangible; -- opposed to corporeal.
Infare (n.) A house-warming; especially, a reception, party, or entertainment given by a newly married couple, or by the husband upon receiving the wife to his house.
Inferior (a.) Situated below some other organ; -- said of a calyx when free from the ovary, and therefore below it, or of an ovary with an adherent and therefore inferior calyx.
Infirmary (n.) A hospital, or place where the infirm or sick are lodged and nursed gratuitously, or where out-patients are treated.
Inform (v. t.) To communicate knowledge to; to make known to; to acquaint; to advise; to instruct; to tell; to notify; to enlighten; -- usually followed by of.
Informed (a.) Unformed or ill-formed; deformed; shapeless.
Injure (v. t.) To do harm to; to impair the excellence and value of; to hurt; to damage; -- used in a variety of senses; as: (a) To hurt or wound, as the person; to impair soundness, as of health. (b) To damage or lessen the value of, as goods or estate. (c) To slander, tarnish, or impair, as reputation or character. (d) To impair or diminish, as happiness or virtue. (e) To give pain to, as the sensibilities or the feelings; to grieve; to annoy. (f) To impair, as the intellect or mind.
Inscribable (a.) Capable of being inscribed, -- used specif. (Math.) of solids or plane figures capable of being inscribed in other solids or figures.
Inserted (a.) Situated upon, attached to, or growing out of, some part; -- said especially of the parts of the flower; as, the calyx, corolla, and stamens of many flowers are inserted upon the receptacle.
Insertion (n.) The point or part by which a muscle or tendon is attached to the part to be moved; -- in contradistinction to its origin.
Intercalary (a.) Inserted or introduced among others in the calendar; as, an intercalary month, day, etc.; -- now applied particularly to the odd day (Feb. 29) inserted in the calendar of leap year. See Bissextile, n.
Intercede (v. i.) To act between parties with a view to reconcile differences; to make intercession; to beg or plead in behalf of another; to mediate; -- usually followed by with and for; as, I will intercede with him for you.
IntercolIntercrural (a.) Between crura; -- applied especially to the interneural plates in the vertebral column of many cartilaginous fishes.
Interest (n.) To be concerned with or engaged in; to affect; to concern; to excite; -- often used impersonally.
Interest (n.) Premium paid for the use of money, -- usually reckoned as a percentage; as, interest at five per cent per annum on ten thousand dollars.
Interfere (v. i.) To strike one foot against the opposite foot or ankle in using the legs; -- sometimes said of a human being, but usually of a horse; as, the horse interferes.
Interfere (v. i.) To act reciprocally, so as to augment, diminish, or otherwise affect one another; -- said of waves, rays of light, heat, etc. See Interference, 2.
Interfretted (a.) Interlaced; linked together; -- said of charges or bearings. See Fretted.
Interglobular (a.) Between globules; -- applied esp. to certain small spaces, surrounded by minute globules, in dentine.
Interior (a.) Being within any limits, inclosure, or substance; inside; internal; inner; -- opposed to exterior, or superficial; as, the interior apartments of a house; the interior surface of a hollow ball.
Intermarry (v. i.) To become connected by marriage between their members; to give and take mutually in marriage; -- said of families, ranks, castes, etc.
Intermediary (n.) One who, or that which, is intermediate; an interagent; a go-between.
Internal (a.) Inward; interior; being within any limit or surface; inclosed; -- opposed to external; as, the internal parts of a body, or of the earth.
Internment (n.) Confinement within narrow limits, -- as of foreign troops, to the interior of a country.
Internuncial (a.) Communicating or transmitting impressions between different parts of the body; -- said of the nervous system.
Interosculant (a.) Uniting two groups; -- said of certain genera which connect family groups, or of species that connect genera. See Osculant.
Interpellate (v. t.) To question imperatively, as a minister, or other executive officer, in explanation of his conduct; -- generally on the part of a legislative body.
Interpret (v. t.) To explain or tell the meaning of; to expound; to translate orally into intelligible or familiar language or terms; to decipher; to define; -- applied esp. to language, but also to dreams, signs, conduct, mysteries, etc.; as, to interpret the Hebrew language to an Englishman; to interpret an Indian speech.
Interradial (a.) Between the radii, or rays; -- in zoology, said of certain parts of radiate animals; as, the interradial plates of a starfish.
Interrupted (a.) Irregular; -- said of any arrangement whose symmetry is destroyed by local causes, as when leaflets are interposed among the leaves in a pinnate leaf.
Interscendent (a.) Having exponents which are radical quantities; -- said of certain powers; as, x?2, or x?a.
Intersternal (a.) Between the sternal; -- said of certain membranes or parts of insects and crustaceans.
Intervene (v. i.) To come between, or to be between, persons or things; -- followed by between; as, the Mediterranean intervenes between Europe and Africa.
Inverse (a.) Opposite in order, relation, or effect; reversed; inverted; reciprocal; -- opposed to direct.
Inverse (a.) Opposite in nature and effect; -- said with reference to any two operations, which, when both are performed in succession upon any quantity, reproduce that quantity; as, multiplication is the inverse operation to division. The symbol of an inverse operation is the symbol of the direct operation with -1 as an index. Thus sin-1 x means the arc whose sine is x.
Inversely (adv.) In an inverse order or manner; by inversion; -- opposed to directly.
Invert (v. t.) To change the position of; -- said of tones which form a chord, or parts which compose harmony.
Inward (a.) Being or placed within; inner; interior; -- opposed to outward.
Inward (n.) The mental faculties; -- usually pl.
Jacaranda (n.) A genus of bignoniaceous Brazilian trees with showy trumpet-shaped flowers.
Jager (n.) Any species of gull of the genus Stercorarius. Three species occur on the Atlantic coast. The jagers pursue other species of gulls and force them to disgorge their prey. The two middle tail feathers are usually decidedly longer than the rest. Called also boatswain, and marJelerang (n.) A large, handsome squirrel (Sciurus Javensis), native of Java and Southern Asia; -- called also Java squirrel.
Labor (n.) To be oppressed with difficulties or disease; to do one's work under conditions which make it especially hard, wearisome; to move slowly, as against opposition, or under a burden; to be burdened; -- often with under, and formerly with of.
Lachrymatory (n.) A "tear-bottle;" a narrow-necked vessel found in sepulchers of the ancient Romans; -- so called from a former notion that the tears of the deceased person's friends were collected in it. Called also lachrymal or lacrymal.
Lachrymiform (a.) Having the form of a tear; tear-shaped.
Lamprey (n.) An eel-like marsipobranch of the genus Petromyzon, and allied genera. The lampreys have a round, sucking mouth, without jaws, but set with numerous minute teeth, and one to three larger teeth on the palate (see Illust. of Cyclostomi). There are seven small branchial openings on each side.
Laterad (adv.) Toward the side; away from the mesial plane; -- opposed to mesiad.
Lateral (a.) Lying at, or extending toward, the side; away from the mesial plane; external; -- opposed to mesial.
Laterite (n.) An argillaceous sandstone, of a red color, and much seamed; -- found in India.
Latirostres (n. pl.) The broad-billed singing birds, such as the swallows, and their allies.
Laver (n.) The fronds of certain marine algae used as food, and for making a sauce called laver sauce. Green laver is the Ulva latissima; purple laver, Porphyra laciniata and P. vulgaris. It is prepared by stewing, either alone or with other vegetables, and with various condiments; -- called also sloke, or sloakan.
Lemuroidea (n. pl.) A suborder of primates, including the lemurs, the aye-aye, and allied species.
Lever (n.) A rigid piece which is capable of turning about one point, or axis (the fulcrum), and in which are two or more other points where forces are applied; -- used for transmitting and modifying force and motion. Specif., a bar of metal, wood, or other rigid substance, used to exert a pressure, or sustain a weight, at one point of its length, by receiving a force or power at a second, and turning at a third on a fixed point called a fulcrum. It is usually named as the first of the six mec>
Levir (n.) A husband's brother; -- used in reference to levirate marriages.
Levorotatory (a.) Turning or rotating the plane of polarization towards the left; levogyrate, as levulose, left-handed quartz crystals, etc.
Liberal (a.) Bestowing in a large and noble way, as a freeman; generous; bounteous; open-handed; as, a liberal giver.
Liberality (n.) A gift; a gratuity; -- sometimes in the plural; as, a prudent man is not impoverished by his liberalities.
Liberty (n.) The state of a free person; exemption from subjection to the will of another claiming ownership of the person or services; freedom; -- opposed to slavery, serfdom, bondage, or subjection.
Literal (a.) Giving a strict or literal construction; unimaginative; matter-of fast; -- applied to persons.
Literalize (v. t.) To make literal; to interpret or put in practice according to the strict meaning of the words; -- opposed to spiritualize; as, to literalize Scripture.
Literature (n.) The class of writings distinguished for beauty of style or expression, as poetry, essays, or history, in distinction from scientific treatises and works which contain positive knowledge; belles-lettres.
Literatus (n.) A learned man; a man acquainted with literature; -- chiefly used in the plural.
Liver (n.) The glossy ibis (Ibis falcinellus); -- said to have given its name to the city of Liverpool.
Liverwort (n.) A ranunculaceous plant (Anemone Hepatica) with pretty white or bluish flowers and a three-lobed leaf; -- called also squirrel cups.
Livery (n.) The peculiar dress by which the servants of a nobleman or gentleman are distinguished; as, a claret-colored livery.
Levorotation (n.) Rotation in the direction of an outgoing right-handed screw; counter-clockwise rotation; -- applied chiefly to the turning of the plane of polarization of light.
Limerick (n.) A nonsense poem of five anapestic Logarithm (n.) One of a class of auxiliary numbers, devised by John Napier, of Merchiston, Scotland (1550-1617), to abridge arithmetical calculations, by the use of addition and subtraction in place of multiplication and division.
Lover (n.) One who loves; one who is in love; -- usually limited, in the singular, to a person of the male sex.
Lucern (n.) A sort of hunting dog; -- perhaps from Lucerne, in Switzerland.
Lucern (n.) A leguminous plant (Medicago sativa), having bluish purple cloverlike flowers, cultivated for fodder; -- called also alfalfa.
Lucernaria (n.) A genus of acalephs, having a bell-shaped body with eight groups of short tentacles around the margin. It attaches itself by a sucker at the base of the pedicel.
lucernarida (n. pl.) A division of acalephs, including Lucernaria and allied genera; -- called also Calycozoa.
Lunar (n.) The middle bone of the proximal series of the carpus; -- called also semilunar, and intermedium.
Lusern (n.) A lynx. See 1st Lucern and Loup-cervier.
Lustre (n.) A fabric of wool and cotton with a lustrous surface, -- used for women's dresses.
Macaroni (n.) A finical person; a fop; -- applied especially to English fops of about 1775.
Macartney (n.) A fire-backed pheasant. See Fireback.
Madbrain (a.) Hot-headed; rash.
Madbrain (n.) A rash or hot-headed person.
Madbrained (a.) Disordered in mind; hot-headed.
Majorat (a.) The right of succession to property according to age; -- so termed in some of the countries of continental Europe.
Marbrinus (n.) A cloth woven so as to imitate the appearance of marble; -- much used in the 15th and 16th centuries.
Materialize (v. t.) To make visable in, or as in, a material form; -- said of spirits.
Mature (superl.) Brought by natural process to completeness of growth and development; fitted by growth and development for any function, action, or state, appropriate to its kind; full-grown; ripe.
Maverick (n.) In the southwestern part of the united States, a bullock or heifer that has not been branded, and is unclaimed or wild; -- said to be from Maverick, the name of a cattle owner in Texas who neglected to brand his cattle.
Mazarine (a.) Of or pertaining to Cardinal Mazarin, prime minister of France, 1643-1661.
Mazer (n.) A large drinking bowl; -- originally made of maple.
Mazurka (n.) A Polish dance, or the music which accompanies it, usually in 3-4 or 3-8 measure, with a strong accent on the second beat.
Megerg (n.) One of the larger measures of work, amounting to one million ergs; -- called also megalerg.
Memorial (n.) A written representation of facts, addressed to the government, or to some branch of it, or to a society, etc., -- often accompanied with a petition.
Mesprise (n.) Misadventure; ill-success.
Minorat (a.) A custom or right, analogous to borough-English in England, formerly existing in various parts of Europe, and surviving in parts of Germany and Austria, by which certain entailed estates, as a homestead and adjacent land, descend to the youngest male heir.
Mixer (n.) A person who has social intercourse with others of many sorts; a person viewed as to his casual sociability; -- commonly used with some characterizing adjective; as, a good mixer; a bad mixer.
Minargent (n.) An alloy consisting of copper, nickel, tungsten, and aluminium; -- used by jewelers.
Minerva (n.) The goddess of wisdom, of war, of the arts and sciences, of poetry, and of spinning and weaving; -- identified with the Grecian Pallas Athene.
Minor (n.) A person of either sex who has not attained the age at which full civil rights are accorded; an infant; in England and the United States, one under twenty-one years of age.
Minority (a. & n.) The smaller number; -- opposed to majority; as, the minority must be ruled by the majority.
Misericordia (n.) A thin-bladed dagger; so called, in the Middle Ages, because used to give the death wound or "mercy" stroke to a fallen adversary.
Mistressship (n.) Ladyship, a style of address; -- with the personal pronoun.
Misurato (a.) Measured; -- a direction to perform a passage in strict or measured time.
Miterwort (n.) Any plant of the genus Mitella, -- slender, perennial herbs with a pod slightly resembling a bishop's miter; bishop's cap.
Mithridate (n.) An antidote against poison, or a composition in form of an electuary, supposed to serve either as a remedy or a preservative against poison; an alexipharmic; -- so called from King Mithridates, its reputed inventor.
Moderation (n.) The first public examinations for degrees at the University of Oxford; -- usually contracted to mods.
Modern (n.) A person of modern times; -- opposed to ancient.
Molar (a.) Of or pertaining to a mass of matter; -- said of the properties or motions of masses, as distinguished from those of molecules or atoms.
Monarch (n.) A very large red and black butterfly (Danais Plexippus); -- called also milkweed butterfly.
Monarchian (n.) One of a sect in the early Christian church which rejected the doctrine of the Trinity; -- called also patripassian.
Monerula (n.) A germ in that stage of development in which its form is simply that of a non-nucleated mass of protoplasm. It precedes the one-celled germ. So called from its likeness to a moner.
Motorial (n.) Causing or setting up motion; pertaining to organs of motion; -- applied especially in physiology to those nerves or nerve fibers which only convey impressions from a nerve center to muscles, thereby causing motion.
Modernism (n.) Certain methods and tendencies which, in Biblical questions, apologetics, and the theory of dogma, in the endeavor to reconcile the doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church with the conclusions of modern science, replace the authority of the church by purely subjective criteria; -- so called officially by Pope Pius X.
Motorcycle (n.) A bicycle having a motor attached so as to be self-propelled. In Great Britain the term motor cycle is treated by statute (3 Ed VII. c. 36) as limited to motor cars (self-propelled vehicles) designed to travel on not more than three wheels, and weighing unladen (that is, without water, fuel, or accumulators necessary for propulsion) not more than three hundred weight (336 lbs.).
Motorize (v. t.) To substitute motor-driven vehicles, or automobiles, for the horses and horse-drawn vehicles of (a fire department, city, etc.).
Musard (v. i.) A dreamer; an absent-minded person.
Mushroom (n.) An edible fungus (Agaricus campestris), having a white stalk which bears a convex or oven flattish expanded portion called the pileus. This is whitish and silky or somewhat scaly above, and bears on the under side radiating gills which are at first flesh-colored, but gradually become brown. The plant grows in rich pastures and is proverbial for rapidity of growth and shortness of duration. It has a pleasant smell, and is largely used as food. It is also cultivated from spawn.
Mushroom (a.) Resembling mushrooms in rapidity of growth and shortness of duration; short-lived; ephemerial; as, mushroom cities.
Muskrat (n.) A North American aquatic fur-bearing rodent (Fiber zibethicus). It resembles a rat in color and having a long scaly tail, but the tail is compressed, the bind feet are webbed, and the ears are concealed in the fur. It has scent glands which secrete a substance having a strong odor of musk. Called also musquash, musk beaver, and ondatra.
Naturalism (n.) Specif., the principles and characteristics professed or represented by a 19th-century school of realistic writers, notably by Zola and Maupassant, who aimed to give a literal transcription of reality, and laid special stress on the analytic study of character, and on the scientific and experimental nature of their observation of life.
Natural (a.) Springing from true sentiment; not artifical or exaggerated; -- said of action, delivery, etc.; as, a natural gesture, tone, etc.
Natural (a.) Resembling the object imitated; true to nature; according to the life; -- said of anything copied or imitated; as, a portrait is natural.
Natural (a.) Belonging to, to be taken in, or referred to, some system, in which the base is 1; -- said or certain functions or numbers; as, natural numbers, those commencing at 1; natural sines, cosines, etc., those taken in arcs whose radii are 1.
Nature (n.) The personified sum and order of causes and effects; the powers which produce existing phenomena, whether in the total or in detail; the agencies which carry on the processes of creation or of being; -- often conceived of as a single and separate entity, embodying the total of all finite agencies and forces as disconnected from a creating or ordering intelligence.
Natured (a.) Having (such) a nature, temper, or disposition; disposed; -- used in composition; as, good-natured, ill-natured, etc.
Nazarene (n.) A native or inhabitant of Nazareth; -- a term of contempt applied to Christ and the early Christians.
Nemertina (n. pl.) An order of helminths usually having a long, slender, smooth, often bright-colored body, covered with minute vibrating cilia; -- called also Nemertea, Nemertida, and Rhynchocoela.
Neocriticism (n.) The form of Neo-Kantianism developed by French idealists, following C. Renouvier. It rejects the noumena of Kant, restricting knowledge to phenomena as constituted by a priori categories.
Neutral (a.) Having neither acid nor basic properties; unable to turn red litmus blue or blue litmus red; -- said of certain salts or other compounds. Contrasted with acid, and alkaNombril (n.) A point halfway between the fess point and the middle base point of an escutcheon; -- called also navel point. See Escutcheon.
Nonprossed (imp. & p. p.) of Non-pros
Notoriety (n.) The quality or condition of being notorious; the state of being generally or publicly known; -- commonly used in an unfavorable sense; as, the notoriety of a crime.
Notorious (a.) Generally known and talked of by the public; universally believed to be true; manifest to the world; evident; -- usually in an unfavorable sense; as, a notorious thief; a notorious crime or vice.
Numeric (n.) Any number, proper or improper fraction, or incommensurable ratio. The term also includes any imaginary expression like m + n?-1, where m and n are real numerics.
Numero (n.) Number; -- often abbrev. No.
Obturator (n.) Any device for preventing the escape of gas through the breech mechanism of a breech-loading gun; a gas check.
Obcordate (a.) Heart-shaped, with the attachment at the pointed end; inversely cordate: as, an obcordate petal or leaf.
Obdurate (a.) Hardened in feelings, esp. against moral or mollifying influences; unyielding; hard-hearted; stubbornly wicked.
Observance (n.) The act or practice of observing or noticing with attention; a heeding or keeping with care; performance; -- usually with a sense of strictness and fidelity; as, the observance of the Sabbath is general; the strict observance of duties.
Observant (a.) Submissively attentive; obediently watchful; regardful; mindful; obedient (to); -- with of, as, to be observant of rules.
Observantine (n.) One of a branch of the Order of Franciscans, who profess to adhere more strictly than the Conventuals to the intention of the founder, especially as to poverty; -- called also Observants.
Observe (v. i.) To make a remark; to comment; -- generally with on or upon.
Obverse (a.) The face of a coin which has the principal image or inscription upon it; -- the other side being the reverse.
Oestrual (a.) Of or pertaining to sexual desire; -- mostly applied to brute animals; as, the oestrual period; oestrual influence.
Offer (v. t.) To present, as an act of worship; to immolate; to sacrifice; to present in prayer or devotion; -- often with up.
Offer (v. i.) To make an attempt; to make an essay or a trial; -- used with at.
Onagrarieous (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a natural order of plants (Onagraceae or Onagrarieae), which includes the fuchsia, the willow-herb (Epilobium), and the evening primrose (/nothera).
Order (n.) An ecclesiastical grade or rank, as of deacon, priest, or bishop; the office of the Christian ministry; -- often used in the plural; as, to take orders, or to take holy orders, that is, to enter some grade of the ministry.
Orderly (a.) Performed in good or established order; well-regulated.
Other (conj.) Either; -- used with other or or for its correlative (as either . . . or are now used).
Other (pron. & a.) Alternate; second; -- used esp. in connection with every; as, every other day, that is, each alternate day, every second day.
Outcrop (v. i.) To come out to the surface of the ground; -- said of strata.
Outer (a.) Being on the outside; external; farthest or farther from the interior, from a given station, or from any space or position regarded as a center or starting place; -- opposed to inner; as, the outer wall; the outer court or gate; the outer stump in cricket; the outer world.
Outer (n.) The part of a target which is beyond the circles surrounding the bull's-eye.
Overreach (v. i.) To strike the toe of the hind foot against the heel or shoe of the forefoot; -- said of horses.
Overreach (n.) The act of striking the heel of the fore foot with the toe of the hind foot; -- said of horses.
Overrighteous (a.) Excessively righteous; -- usually implying hypocrisy.
Pancratic (a.) Having all or many degrees of power; having a great range of power; -- said of an eyepiece made adjustable so as to give a varying magnifying power.
Pancratium (n.) A genus of Old World amaryllideous bulbous plants, having a funnel-shaped perianth with six narrow spreading lobes. The American species are now placed in the related genus Hymenocallis.
Pancreas (n.) The sweetbread, a gland connected with the intestine of nearly all vertebrates. It is usually elongated and light-colored, and its secretion, called the pancreatic juice, is discharged, often together with the bile, into the upper part of the intestines, and is a powerful aid in digestion. See Illust. of Digestive apparatus.
Partridge (n.) Any one of several species of quail-like birds belonging to Colinus, and allied genera.
Pedarian (n.) One of a class eligible to the office of senator, but not yet chosen, who could sit and speak in the senate, but could not vote; -- so called because he might indicate his opinion by walking over to the side of the party he favored when a vote was taken.
Pendragon (n.) A chief leader or a king; a head; a dictator; -- a title assumed by the ancient British chiefs when called to lead other chiefs.
Pentremites (n.) A genus of crinoids belonging to the Blastoidea. They have five petal-like ambulacra.
Pentroof (n.) See Lean-to.
Peter (v. i.) To become exhausted; to run out; to fail; -- used generally with out; as, that mine has petered out.
Peterman (n.) A fisherman; -- so called after the apostle Peter.
Peterwort (n.) See Saint Peter's-wort, under Saint.
Phlorone (n.) A yellow crystalPicard (n.) One of a sect of Adamites in the fifteenth century; -- so called from one Picard of Flanders. See Adamite.
Piperazine () Alt. of -zin
Pleuroperitoneum (n.) The pleural and peritoneal membranes, or the membrane lining the body cavity and covering the surface of the inclosed viscera; the peritoneum; -- used especially in the case of those animals in which the body cavity is not divided.
Pleurosteon (n.) The antero-lateral piece which articulates the sternum of birds.
Pliers (n. pl.) A kind of small pinchers with long jaws, -- used for bending or cutting metal rods or wire, for handling small objects such as the parts of a watch, etc.
Poker (n.) A poking-stick.
Poltroon (n.) An arrant coward; a dastard; a craven; a mean-spirited wretch.
Popery (n.) The religion of the Roman Catholic Church, comprehending doctrines and practices; -- generally used in an opprobrious sense.
Power (n.) Capacity of undergoing or suffering; fitness to be acted upon; susceptibility; -- called also passive power; as, great power of endurance.
Powerful (a.) Large; capacious; -- said of veins of ore.
Prakrit (n.) Any one of the popular dialects descended from, or akin to, Sanskrit; -- in distinction from the Sanskrit, which was used as a literary and learned language when no longer spoken by the people. Pali is one of the Prakrit dialects.
Prebronchial (a.) Situated in front of the bronchus; -- applied especially to an air sac on either side of the esophagus of birds.
Primrose (a.) An early flowering plant of the genus Primula (P. vulgaris) closely allied to the cowslip. There are several varieties, as the white-, the red-, the yellow-flowered, etc. Formerly called also primerole, primerolles.
Primrose (a.) Of or pertaining to the primrose; of the color of a primrose; -- hence, flowery; gay.
Priory (n.) A religious house presided over by a prior or prioress; -- sometimes an offshoot of, an subordinate to, an abbey, and called also cell, and obedience. See Cell, 2.
Procrastinate (v. t.) To put off till to-morrow, or from day to day; to defer; to postpone; to delay; as, to procrastinate repentance.
Procrustes (n.) A celebrated legendary highwayman of Attica, who tied his victims upon an iron bed, and, as the case required, either stretched or cut of their legs to adapt them to its length; -- whence the metaphorical phrase, the bed of Procrustes.
Prodromus (n.) A preliminary course or publication; -- used esp. in the titles of elementary works.
Progress (n.) Toward ideal completeness or perfection in respect of quality or condition; -- applied to individuals, communities, or the race; as, social, moral, religious, or political progress.
Progressionist (n.) One who maintains the doctrine of progression in organic forms; -- opposed to uniformitarian.
Progressive (a.) Moving forward; proceeding onward; advancing; evincing progress; increasing; as, progressive motion or course; -- opposed to retrograde.
Protract (v. t.) To extend; to protrude; as, the cat can protract its claws; -- opposed to retract.
Protractor (n.) A muscle which extends an organ or part; -- opposed to retractor.
Quadrable (a.) That may be sqyared, or reduced to an equivalent square; -- said of a surface when the area limited by a curve can be exactly found, and expressed in a finite number of algebraic terms.
Quadragesimals (n. pl.) Offerings formerly made to the mother church of a diocese on Mid-Lent Sunday.
Quadrant (n.) One of the four parts into which a plane is divided by the coordinate axes. The upper right-hand part is the first quadrant; the upper left-hand part the second; the lower left-hand part the third; and the lower right-hand part the fourth quadrant.
Quadrantal (n.) A cubical vessel containing a Roman cubic foot, each side being a Roman square foot; -- used as a measure.
Quadrat (n.) A block of type metal lower than the letters, -- used in spacing and in blank Quadrat (n.) An old instrument used for taking altitudes; -- called also geometrical square, and Quadrate (a.) To square; to agree; to suit; to correspond; -- followed by with.
Quadrifoliate (a.) Four-leaved; having the leaves in whorls of four.
Quadrillion (n.) According to the French notation, which is followed also upon the Continent and in the United States, a unit with fifteen ciphers annexed; according to the English notation, the number produced by involving a million to the fourth power, or the number represented by a unit with twenty-four ciphers annexed. See the Note under Numeration.
Quadripennate (a.) Having four wings; -- said of insects.
Quadrisyllabic () Alt. of Quadri-syllabical
Quadrivalent (a.) Having a valence of four; capable of combining with, being replaced by, or compared with, four monad atoms; tetravalent; -- said of certain atoms and radicals; thus, carbon and silicon are quadrivalent elements.
Quadrivalve (a.) Dehiscent into four similar parts; four-valved; as, a quadrivalve pericarp.
Quadrivium (n.) The four "liberal arts," arithmetic, music, geometry, and astronomy; -- so called by the schoolmen. See Trivium.
Quadroon (n.) The offspring of a mulatto and a white person; a person quarter-blooded.
Quadrumana (n. pl.) A division of the Primates comprising the apes and monkeys; -- so called because the hind foot is usually prehensile, and the great toe opposable somewhat like a thumb. Formerly the Quadrumana were considered an order distinct from the Bimana, which last included man alone.
Quadruped (n.) An animal having four feet, as most mammals and reptiles; -- often restricted to the mammals.
Quaere (v. imperative.) Inquire; question; see; -- used to signify doubt or to suggest investigation.
Quarrel (n.) An arrow for a crossbow; -- so named because it commonly had a square head.
Quarrel (n.) A square or lozenge-shaped paving tile.
Quarrel (n.) A four-sided cutting tool or chisel having a diamond-shaped end.
Quebracho (n.) A Chilian apocynaceous tree (Aspidosperma Quebracho); also, its bark, which is used as a febrifuge, and for dyspn/a of the lung, or bronchial diseases; -- called also white quebracho, to distinguish it from the red quebracho, a Mexican anacardiaceous tree (Loxopterygium Lorentzii) whose bark is said to have similar properties.
Razor (v. t.) A keen-edged knife of peculiar shape, used in shaving the hair from the face or the head.
Recording (a.) Keeping a record or a register; as, a recording secretary; -- applied to numerous instruments with an automatic appliance which makes a record of their action; as, a recording gauge or telegraph.
Recur (v. i.) To occur at a stated interval, or according to some regular rule; as, the fever will recur to-night.
Recursant (a.) Displayed with the back toward the spectator; -- said especially of an eagle.
Redbreast (n.) The knot, or red-breasted snipe; -- called also robin breast, and robin snipe. See Knot.
Redbreast (n.) The long-eared pondfish. See Pondfish.
Redirect (a.) Applied to the examination of a witness, by the party calling him, after the cross-examination.
Reference (n.) That which refers to something; a specific direction of the attention; as, a reference in a text-book.
Reformed (a.) Retained in service on half or full pay after the disbandment of the company or troop; -- said of an officer.
Regard (v. t.) To have relation to, as bearing upon; to respect; to relate to; to touch; as, an argument does not regard the question; -- often used impersonally; as, I agree with you as regards this or that.
Regard (v. t.) That view of the mind which springs from perception of value, estimable qualities, or anything that excites admiration; respect; esteem; reverence; affection; as, to have a high regard for a person; -- often in the plural.
Remark (n.) To express in words or writing, as observed or noticed; to state; to say; -- often with a substantive clause; as, he remarked that it was time to go.
Renard (n.) A fox; -- so called in fables or familiar tales, and in poetry.
Reparation (n.) The act of renewing, restoring, etc., or the state of being renewed or repaired; as, the reparation of a bridge or of a highway; -- in this sense, repair is oftener used.
Reservee (n.) One to, or for, whom anything is reserved; -- contrasted with reservor.
Resort (v.) The act of going to, or making application; a betaking one's self; the act of visiting or seeking; recourse; as, a place of popular resort; -- often figuratively; as, to have resort to force.
Retard (v. t.) To keep delaying; to continue to hinder; to prevent from progress; to render more slow in progress; to impede; to hinder; as, to retard the march of an army; to retard the motion of a ship; -- opposed to accelerate.
Retardation (n.) The act of retarding; hindrance; the act of delaying; as, the retardation of the motion of a ship; -- opposed to acceleration.
Retardation (n.) The keeping back of an approaching consonant chord by prolonging one or more tones of a previous chord into the intermediate chord which follows; -- differing from suspension by resolving upwards instead of downwards.
Retiracy (n.) Retirement; -- mostly used in a jocose or burlesque way.
Retire (v. t.) To withdraw; to take away; -- sometimes used reflexively.
Return (n.) The continuation in a different direction, most often at a right angle, of a building, face of a building, or any member, as a molding or mold; -- applied to the shorter in contradistinction to the longer; thus, a facade of sixty feet east and west has a return of twenty feet north and south.
Reverence (n.) A person entitled to be revered; -- a title applied to priests or other ministers with the pronouns his or your; sometimes poetically to a father.
Reversible (a.) Hence, having a pattern or finished surface on both sides, so that either may be used; -- said of fabrics.
Reward (v. t.) To give in return, whether good or evil; -- commonly in a good sense; to requite; to recompense; to repay; to compensate.
Remark () A print or proof so distinguished; -- commonly called a Remarque proof.
Reserve (n.) The amount of funds or assets necessary for a company to have at any given time to enable it, with interest and premiums paid as they shall accure, to meet all claims on the insurance then in force as they would mature according to the particular mortality table accepted. The reserve is always reckoned as a liability, and is calculated on net premiums. It is theoretically the difference between the present value of the total insurance and the present value of the future premiums o>
Rigorism (n.) Strictness in ethical principles; -- usually applied to ascetic ethics, and opposed to ethical latitudinarianism.
Rigor (n.) Stiffness of opinion or temper; rugged sternness; hardness; relentless severity; hard-heartedness; cruelty.
Rigor (n.) Exactness without allowance, deviation, or indulgence; strictness; as, the rigor of criticism; to execute a law with rigor; to enforce moral duties with rigor; -- opposed to lenity.
Rigorism (n.) Rigidity in principle or practice; strictness; -- opposed to laxity.
Rigorist (n.) One who is rigorous; -- sometimes applied to an extreme Jansenist.
Ritardando (a.) Retarding; -- a direction for slower time; rallentado.
Robertsman (n.) A bold, stout robber, or night thief; -- said to be so called from Robin Hood.
Roseroot (n.) A fleshy-leaved herb (Rhodiola rosea); rosewort; -- so called because the roots have the odor of roses.
Rostrum (n.) The Beaks; the stage or platform in the forum where orations, pleadings, funeral harangues, etc., were delivered; -- so called because after the Latin war, it was adorned with the beaks of captured vessels; later, applied also to other platforms erected in Rome for the use of public orators.
Roger (n.) A black flag with white skull and crossbones, formerly used by pirates; -- called also Jolly Roger.
Rumor (n.) A current story passing from one person to another, without any known authority for its truth; -- in this sense often personified.
Samara (n.) A dry, indehiscent, usually one-seeded, winged fruit, as that of the ash, maple, and elm; a key or key fruit.
Samarskite (a.) A rare mineral having a velvet-black color and submetallic luster. It is a niobate of uranium, iron, and the yttrium and cerium metals.
Saturated (a.) Having its affinity satisfied; combined with all it can hold; -- said of certain atoms, radicals, or compounds; thus, methane is a saturated compound. Contrasted with unsaturated.
Saturation (n.) Freedom from mixture or dilution with white; purity; -- said of colors.
Saturn (n.) One of the planets of the solar system, next in magnitude to Jupiter, but more remote from the sun. Its diameter is seventy thousand miles, its mean distance from the sun nearly eight hundred and eighty millions of miles, and its year, or periodical revolution round the sun, nearly twenty-nine years and a half. It is surrounded by a remarkable system of rings, and has eight satellites.
Saturnine (a.) Heavy; grave; gloomy; dull; -- the opposite of mercurial; as, a saturnine person or temper.
Satyr (n.) The orang-outang.
Savor (n.) To have a particular smell or taste; -- with of.
Savor (n.) To partake of the quality or nature; to indicate the presence or influence; to smack; -- with of.
Savory (n.) An aromatic labiate plant (Satureia hortensis), much used in cooking; -- also called summer savory.
Scherzo (n.) A playful, humorous movement, commonly in 3-4 measure, which often takes the place of the old minuet and trio in a sonata or a symphony.
Sciuroid (a.) Resembling the tail of a squirrel; -- generally said of branches which are close and dense, or of spikes of grass like barley.
Sclerobase (n.) The calcareous or hornlike coral forming the central stem or axis of most compound alcyonarians; -- called also foot secretion. See Illust. under Gorgoniacea, and Coenenchyma.
Sclerotic (a.) Hard; firm; indurated; -- applied especially in anatomy to the firm outer coat of the eyeball, which is often cartilaginous and sometimes bony.
Scour (v. t.) To remove by rubbing or cleansing; to sweep along or off; to carry away or remove, as by a current of water; -- often with off or away.
Secure (a.) Confident in opinion; not entertaining, or not having reason to entertain, doubt; certain; sure; -- commonly with of; as, secure of a welcome.
Secure (a.) Net exposed to danger; safe; -- applied to persons and things, and followed by against or from.
Secure (v. t.) To put beyond hazard of losing or of not receiving; to make certain; to assure; to insure; -- frequently with against or from, rarely with of; as, to secure a creditor against loss; to secure a debt by a mortgage.
Securipalp (n.) One of a family of beetles having the maxillary palpi terminating in a hatchet-shaped joint.
Separate (p. a.) Divided from another or others; disjoined; disconnected; separated; -- said of things once connected.
Separate (p. a.) Unconnected; not united or associated; distinct; -- said of things that have not been connected.
Sewer (n.) A small tortricid moth whose larva sews together the edges of a leaf by means of silk; as, the apple-leaf sewer (Phoxopteris nubeculana)
Shadrach (n.) A mass of iron on which the operation of smelting has failed of its intended effect; -- so called from Shadrach, one of the three Hebrews who came forth unharmed from the fiery furnace of Nebuchadnezzar. (See Dan. iii. 26, 27.)
Shear (v. t.) A pair of shears; -- now always used in the plural, but formerly also in the singular. See Shears.
Shear (v. t.) A shearing; -- used in designating the age of sheep.
Shear (v. t.) An action, resulting from applied forces, which tends to cause two contiguous parts of a body to slide relatively to each other in a direction parallel to their plane of contact; -- also called shearing stress, and tangential stress.
Shears (n.) An instrument consisting of two blades, commonly with bevel edges, connected by a pivot, and working on both sides of the material to be cut, -- used for cutting cloth and other substances.
Shears (n.) A similar instrument the blades of which are extensions of a curved spring, -- used for shearing sheep or skins.
Shearwater (n.) Any one of numerous species of long-winged oceanic birds of the genus Puffinus and related genera. They are allied to the petrels, but are larger. The Manx shearwater (P. Anglorum), the dusky shearwater (P. obscurus), and the greater shearwater (P. major), are well-known species of the North Atlantic. See Hagdon.
Sheer (v. i.) Very thin or transparent; -- applied to fabrics; as, sheer muslin.
Sherry (n.) A Spanish light-colored dry wine, made in Andalusia. As prepared for commerce it is colored a straw color or a deep amber by mixing with it cheap wine boiled down.
Shirr (n.) A series of close parallel runnings which are drawn up so as to make the material between them set full by gatherings; -- called also shirring, and gauging.
Shirred (a.) Broken into an earthen dish and baked over the fire; -- said of eggs.
Siderated (a.) Planet-struck; blasted.
Sideration (n.) The state of being siderated, or planet-struck; esp., blast in plants; also, a sudden and apparently causeless stroke of disease, as in apoplexy or paralysis.
Siderite (n.) An indigo-blue variety of quartz.
Sideromancy (n.) Divination by burning straws on red-hot iron, and noting the manner of their burning.
Siderostat (n.) An apparatus consisting essentially of a mirror moved by clockwork so as to throw the rays of the sun or a star in a fixed direction; -- a more general term for heliostat.
Silurian (a.) Of or pertaining to the country of the ancient Silures; -- a term applied to the earliest of the Paleozoic eras, and also to the strata of the era, because most plainly developed in that country.
Siluroid (n.) Belonging to the Siluroidei, or Nematognathi, an order of fishes including numerous species, among which are the American catfishes and numerous allied fresh-water species of the Old World, as the sheatfish (Silurus glanis) of Europe.
Sober (superl.) Not mad or insane; not wild, visionary, or heated with passion; exercising cool, dispassionate reason; self-controlled; self-possessed.
Sober (v. i.) To become sober; -- often with down.
Sombrero (n.) A kind of broad-brimmed hat, worn in Spain and in Spanish America.
Sonorous (a.) Loud-sounding; giving a clear or loud sound; as, a sonorous voice.
Sonorous (a.) Impressive in sound; high-sounding.
Sonorous (a.) Sonant; vibrant; hence, of sounds produced in a cavity, deep-toned; as, sonorous rhonchi.
Sororize (v. i.) To associate, or hold fellowship, as sisters; to have sisterly feelings; -- analogous to fraternize.
Spear (n.) A sharp-pointed instrument with barbs, used for stabbing fish and other animals.
Spearwort (n.) A name given to several species of crowfoot (Ranunculus) which have spear-shaped leaves.
Sperrylite (n.) An arsenide of platinum occuring in grains and minute isometric crystals of tin-white color. It is found near Sudbury, Ontario Canada, and is the only known compound of platinum occuring in nature.
Spheral (a.) Rounded like a sphere; sphere-shaped; hence, symmetrical; complete; perfect.
Spoor (n.) The track or trail of any wild animal; as, the spoor of an elephant; -- used originally by travelers in South Africa.
Square (n.) A certain number of Square (n.) An instrument having at least one right angle and two or more straight edges, used to lay out or test square work. It is of several forms, as the T square, the carpenter's square, the try-square., etc.
Square (a.) At right angles with the mast or the keel, and parallel to the horizon; -- said of the yards of a square-rigged vessel when they are so braced.
Square (v. i.) To take a boxing attitude; -- often with up, sometimes with off.
Squarer (n.) One who squares, or quarrels; a hot-headed, contentious fellow.
Squarrose (a.) Consisting of scales widely divaricating; having scales, small leaves, or other bodies, spreading widely from the axis on which they are crowded; -- said of a calyx or stem.
Squarrose (a.) Having scales spreading every way, or standing upright, or at right angles to the surface; -- said of a shell.
Squire (n.) A shield-bearer or armor-bearer who attended a knight.
Squireen (n.) One who is half squire and half farmer; -- used humorously.
Squirt (v. i.) To be thrown out, or ejected, in a rapid stream, from a narrow orifice; -- said of liquids.
Stair (n.) One step of a series for ascending or descending to a different level; -- commonly applied to those within a building.
Stair (n.) A series of steps, as for passing from one story of a house to another; -- commonly used in the plural; but originally used in the singular only.
Stauroscope (n.) An optical instrument used in determining the position of the planes of light-vibration in sections of crystals.
Stearoptene (n.) The more solid ingredient of certain volatile oils; -- contrasted with elaeoptene.
Steer (v. t.) To castrate; -- said of male calves.
Steer (n.) To direct the course of; to guide; to govern; -- applied especially to a vessel in the water.
Stirrup (v. i.) A kind of ring, or bent piece of metal, wood, leather, or the like, horizontal in one part for receiving the foot of a rider, and attached by a strap to the saddle, -- used to assist a person in mounting a horse, and to enable him to sit steadily in riding, as well as to relieve him by supporting a part of the weight of the body.
Suberization (n.) Conversion of the cell walls into cork tissue by development of suberin; -- commonly taking place in exposed tissues, as when a callus forms over a wound. Suberized cell walls are impervious to water.
Sundrops (n.) Any one of the several species of Kneiffia, esp. K. fruticosa (syn. Oenothera fruticosa), of the Evening-primrose family, having flowers that open by daylight.
Supertax (n.) A tax in addition to the usual or normal tax; specif., in the United Kingdom, an income tax of sixpence for every pound in addition to the normal income tax of one shilling and twopence for every pound, imposed, by the Finance Act of 1909-1910 (c. 8, ss 66, 72), on the amount by which the income of any person exceeds /3,000 when his total income exceeds /5,000.
Subbrachiales (n. pl.) A division of soft-finned fishes in which the ventral fins are situated beneath the pectorial fins, or nearly so.
Subordinate (n.) One who stands in order or rank below another; -- distinguished from a principal.
Subtrihedral (a.) Approaching the form of a three-sided pyramid; as, the subtrihedral crown of a tooth.
Subtriplicate (a.) Expressed by the cube root; -- said especially of ratios.
Suburbicary (a.) Being in the suburbs; -- applied to the six dioceses in the suburbs of Rome subject to the pope as bishop of Rome.
Sugar (v. i.) In making maple sugar, to complete the process of boiling down the sirup till it is thick enough to crystallize; to approach or reach the state of granulation; -- with the preposition off.
Superannuate (v. i.) To last beyond the year; -- said of annual plants.
Superdominant (n.) The sixth tone of the scale; that next above the dominant; -- called also submediant.
Superficial (a.) Reaching or comprehending only what is obvious or apparent; not deep or profound; shallow; -- said especially in respect to study, learning, and the like; as, a superficial scholar; superficial knowledge.
Superior (a.) Beyond the power or influence of; too great or firm to be subdued or affected by; -- with to.
Superior (a.) Above the ovary; -- said of parts of the flower which, although normally below the ovary, adhere to it, and so appear to originate from its upper part; also of an ovary when the other floral organs are plainly below it in position, and free from it.
Superior (a.) Pointing toward the apex of the fruit; ascending; -- said of the radicle.
Superlative (a.) Expressing the highest or lowest degree of the quality, manner, etc., denoted by an adjective or an adverb. The superlative degree is formed from the positive by the use of -est, most, or least; as, highest, most pleasant, least bright.
Superlunary (a.) Being above the moon; not belonging to this world; -- opposed to sublunary.
Supermundane (a.) Being above the world; -- opposed to inframundane.
Supernacular (a.) Like supernaculum; first-rate; as, a supernacular wine.
Supernaculum (adv. & n.) A kind of mock Latin term intended to mean, upon the nail; -- used formerly by topers.
Supernaturalism (n.) The doctrine of a divine and supernatural agency in the production of the miracles and revelations recorded in the Bible, and in the grace which renews and sanctifies men, -- in opposition to the doctrine which denies the agency of any other than physical or natural causes in the case.
Superroyal (a.) Larger than royal; -- said of a particular size of printing and writing paper. See the Note under Paper, n.
Supervisor (n.) A spectator; a looker-on.
Supervolute (a.) Having a plainted and convolute arrangement in the bud, as in the morning-glory.
Suppression (n.) Complete stoppage of a natural secretion or excretion; as, suppression of urine; -- used in contradiction to retention, which signifies that the secretion or excretion is retained without expulsion.
Surprise (n.) To lead (one) to do suddenly and without forethought; to bring (one) into some unexpected state; -- with into; as, to be surprised into an indiscretion; to be surprised into generosity.
Suwarrow (n.) The giant cactus (Cereus giganteus); -- so named by the Indians of Arizona. Called also saguaro.
Swear (v. t.) To put to an oath; to cause to take an oath; to administer an oath to; -- ofetn followed by in or into; as, to swear witnesses; to swear a jury; to swear in an officer; he was sworn into office.
Symbranchii (n. pl.) An order of slender eel-like fishes having the gill openings confluent beneath the neck. The pectoral arch is generally attached to the skull, and the entire margin of the upper jaw is formed by the premaxillary. Called also Symbranchia.
Syneresis (n.) The union, or drawing together into one syllable, of two vowels that are ordinarily separated in syllabification; synecphonesis; -- the opposite of diaeresis.
Tabaret (n.) A stout silk having satin stripes, -- used for furniture.
Taborite (n.) One of certain Bohemian reformers who suffered persecution in the fifteenth century; -- so called from Tabor, a hill or fortress where they encamped during a part of their struggles.
Talaria (n. pl.) Small wings or winged shoes represented as fastened to the ankles, -- chiefly used as an attribute of Mercury.
Tamarack (n.) The black pine (Pinus Murrayana) of Alaska, California, etc. It is a small tree with fine-grained wood.
Tamarin (n.) Any one of several species of small squirrel-like South American monkeys of the genus Midas, especially M. ursulus.
Tamarind (n.) A leguminous tree (Tamarindus Indica) cultivated both the Indies, and the other tropical countries, for the sake of its shade, and for its fruit. The trunk of the tree is lofty and large, with wide-spreading branches; the flowers are in racemes at the ends of the branches. The leaves are small and finely pinnated.
Tantrum (n.) A whim, or burst of ill-humor; an affected air.
Tapir (n.) Any one of several species of large odd-toed ungulates belonging to Tapirus, Elasmognathus, and allied genera. They have a long prehensile upper lip, short ears, short and stout legs, a short, thick tail, and short, close hair. They have three toes on the hind feet, and four toes on the fore feet, but the outermost toe is of little use.
Tartralic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid obtained as a white amorphous deliquescent substance, C8H10O11; -- called also ditartaric, tartrilic, or tartrylic acid.
Tartrazine (n.) An artificial dyestuff obtained as an orange-yellow powder, and regarded as a phenyl hydrazine derivative of tartaric and sulphonic acids.
Teneriffe (n.) A white wine resembling Madeira in taste, but more tart, produced in Teneriffe, one of the Canary Islands; -- called also Vidonia.
Tephroite (n.) A silicate of manganese of an ash-gray color.
Tephrosia (n.) A genus of leguminous shrubby plants and herbs, mostly found in tropical countries, a few herbaceous species being North American. The foliage is often ashy-pubescent, whence the name.
Tetard (n.) A gobioid fish (Eleotris gyrinus) of the Southern United States; -- called also sleeper.
Theorica (n. pl.) Public moneys expended at Athens on festivals, sacrifices, and public entertainments (especially theatrical performances), and in gifts to the people; -- also called theoric fund.
Tikor (n.) A starch or arrow-root made from the tubes of an East Indian zinziberaceous plant (Curcuma angustifolia); also, the plant itself.
Tomorn (adv.) To-morrow.
Tortrix (n.) Any one of numerous species of small moths of the family Tortricidae, the larvae of which usually roll up the leaves of plants on which they live; -- also called leaf roller.
Tortrix (n.) A genus of tropical short-tailed snakes, which are not venomous. One species (Tortrix scytalae) is handsomely banded with black, and is sometimes worn alive by the natives of Brazil for a necklace.
Trigraph (n.) Three letters united in pronunciation so as to have but one sound, or to form but one syllable, as -ieu in adieu; a triphthong.
Tuber (n.) A fleshy, rounded stem or root, usually containing starchy matter, as the potato or arrowroot; a thickened root-stock. See Illust. of Tuberous.
Tundra (n.) One of the level or undulating treeless plains characteristic of northern arctic regions in both hemispheres. The tundras mark the limit of arborescent vegetation; they consist of black mucky soil with a permanently frozen subsoil, but support a dense growth of mosses and lichens, and dwarf herbs and shrubs, often showy-flowered.
Udder (n.) The glandular organ in which milk is secreted and stored; -- popularly called the bag in cows and other quadrupeds. See Mamma.
Ulotrichous (a.) Having woolly or crispy hair; -- opposed to leiotrichous.
Ulterior (a.) Situated beyond, or on the farther side; thither; -- correlative with hither.
Valorization (n.) Act or process of attempting to give an arbitrary market value or price to a commodity by governmental interference, as by maintaining a purchasing fund, making loans to producers to enable them to hold their products, etc.; -- used chiefly of such action by Brazil.
Umber (a.) Of or pertaining to umber; resembling umber; olive-brown; dark brown; dark; dusky.
Uncared (a.) Not cared for; not heeded; -- with for.
Under (prep.) Below or lower, in place or position, with the idea of being covered; lower than; beneath; -- opposed to over; as, he stood under a tree; the carriage is under cover; a cellar extends under the whole house.
Under (adv.) In a lower, subject, or subordinate condition; in subjection; -- used chiefly in a few idiomatic phrases; as, to bring under, to reduce to subjection; to subdue; to keep under, to keep in subjection; to control; to go under, to be unsuccessful; to fail.
Under (a.) Lower in position, intensity, rank, or degree; subject; subordinate; -- generally in composition with a noun, and written with or without the hyphen; as, an undercurrent; undertone; underdose; under-garment; underofficer; undersheriff.
Underbred (a.) Not thoroughly bred; ill-bred; as, an underbred fellow.
Underdo (v. i.) To do less than is requisite or proper; -- opposed to overdo.
Underdo (v. t.) To do less thoroughly than is requisite; specifically, to cook insufficiently; as, to underdo the meat; -- opposed to overdo.
Underglaze (a.) Applied under the glaze, that is, before the glaze, that is, before the glaze is put on; fitted to be so applied; -- said of colors in porcelain painting.
Underhand (adv.) In an underhand manner; -- said of pitching or bowling.
Underhanded (a.) Insufficiently provided with hands or workers; short-handed; sparsely populated.
Underhung (a.) Resting on a track at the bottom, instead of being suspended; -- said of a sliding door.
Underlay (v. i.) To incUnderlay (n.) The inclination of a vein, fault, or lode from the vertical; a hade; -- called also underlie.
Underlocker (n.) A person who inspects a mine daily; -- called also underviewer.
Undermanned (a.) Insufficiently furnished with men; short-handed.
Undermasted (a.) Having masts smaller than the usual dimension; -- said of vessels.
Undershirt (n.) A shirt worn next the skin, under another shirt; -- called also undervest.
Undershot (a.) Moved by water passing beneath; -- said of a water wheel, and opposed to overshot; as, an undershot wheel.
Undersleeve (n.) A sleeve of an under-garment; a sleeve worn under another,
Undersparred (a.) Having spars smaller than the usual dimension; -- said of vessels.
Underwitted (a.) Weak in intellect; half-witted; silly.
Underwood (n.) Small trees and bushes that grow among large trees; coppice; underbrush; -- formerly used in the plural.
Unmoral (a.) Having no moral perception, quality, or relation; involving no idea of morality; -- distinguished from both moral and immoral.
Unsorted (a.) Not well selected; ill-chosen.
Unstratified (a.) Not stratified; -- applied to massive rocks, as granite, porphyry, etc., and also to deposits of loose material, as the glacial till, which occur in masses without layers or strata.
Unwares (adv.) Unawares; unexpectedly; -- sometimes preceded by at.
Unwormed (a.) Not wormed; not having had the worm, or lytta, under the tongue cut out; -- said of a dog.
Unworthy (a.) Not worthy; wanting merit, value, or fitness; undeserving; worthless; unbecoming; -- often with of.
Upwards (adv.) In a direction from lower to higher; toward a higher place; in a course toward the source or origin; -- opposed to downward; as, to tend or roll upward.
Usher (v. t.) To introduce or escort, as an usher, forerunner, or harbinger; to forerun; -- sometimes followed by in or forth; as, to usher in a stranger; to usher forth the guests; to usher a visitor into the room.
Utter (a.) hence, to put in circulation, as money; to put off, as currency; to cause to pass in trade; -- often used, specifically, of the issue of counterfeit notes or coins, forged or fraudulent documents, and the like; as, to utter coin or bank notes.
Valerylene (n.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C5H8; -- called also pentine.
Venerable (a.) Capable of being venerated; worthy of veneration or reverence; deserving of honor and respect; -- generally implying an advanced age; as, a venerable magistrate; a venerable parent.
Ventrad (adv.) Toward the ventral side; on the ventral side; ventrally; -- opposed to dorsad.
Ventral (a.) Of, pertaining to, or situated near, the belly, or ventral side, of an animal or of one of its parts; hemal; abdominal; as, the ventral fin of a fish; the ventral root of a spinal nerve; -- opposed to dorsal.
Vestry (n.) A room appendant to a church, in which sacerdotal vestments and sacred utensils are sometimes kept, and where meetings for worship or parish business are held; a sacristy; -- formerly called revestiary.
Vestry (n.) A parochial assembly; an assembly of persons who manage parochial affairs; -- so called because usually held in a vestry.
Viburnum (n.) A genus of shrubs having opposite, petiolate leaves and cymose flowers, several species of which are cultivated as ornamental, as the laurestine and the guelder-rose.
Vicarious (prep.) Acting as a substitute; -- said of abnormal action which replaces a suppressed normal function; as, vicarious hemorrhage replacing menstruation.
Viceroy (prep.) A large and handsome American butterfly (Basilarchia, / Limenitis, archippus). Its wings are orange-red, with black Vigoroso (a. & adv.) Vigorous; energetic; with energy; -- a direction to perform a passage with energy and force.
Viperoides (n. pl.) A division of serpents which includes the true vipers of the Old World and the rattlesnakes and moccasin snakes of America; -- called also Viperina.
Wader (n.) Any long-legged bird that wades in the water in search of food, especially any species of limicoWafer (n.) An adhesive disk of dried paste, made of flour, gelatin, isinglass, or the like, and coloring matter, -- used in sealing letters and other documents.
Waterfowl (n.) Any bird that frequents the water, or lives about rivers, lakes, etc., or on or near the sea; an aquatic fowl; -- used also collectively.
Waterie (n.) The pied wagtail; -- so called because it frequents ponds.
Waterlandian (n.) One of a body of Dutch Anabaptists who separated from the Mennonites in the sixteenth century; -- so called from a district in North Holland denominated Waterland.
Waterleaf (n.) Any plant of the American genus Hydrophyllum, herbs having white or pale blue bell-shaped flowers.
Waterman (n.) A man who plies for hire on rivers, lakes, or canals, or in harbors, in distinction from a seaman who is engaged on the high seas; a man who manages fresh-water craft; a boatman; a ferryman.
Waterscape (n.) A sea view; -- distinguished from landscape.
Waterwork (n.) Painting executed in size or distemper, on canvas or walls, -- formerly, frequently taking the place of tapestry.
Waterwork (n.) An hydraulic apparatus, or a system of works or fixtures, by which a supply of water is furnished for useful or ornamental purposes, including dams, sluices, pumps, aqueducts, distributing pipes, fountains, etc.; -- used chiefly in the plural.
Wherry (n.) A passenger barge or lighter plying on rivers; also, a kind of light, half-decked vessel used in fishing.
Wherry (n.) A liquor made from the pulp of crab apples after the verjuice is expressed; -- sometimes called crab wherry.
Wivern (n.) A fabulous two-legged, winged creature, like a cockatrice, but having the head of a dragon, and without spurs.
Xylorcin (n.) A derivative of xylene obtained as a white crystalYeldrine (n.) The yellow-hammer; -- called also yeldrock, and yoldrin.
Yestreen (n.) Yester-evening; yesternight; last night.
Zaphrentis (n.) An extinct genus of cyathophylloid corals common in the Paleozoic formations. It is cup-shaped with numerous septa, and with a deep pit in one side of the cup.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken
, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".