Words whose 5th letter is S
Abdest (n.) Purification by washing the hands before prayer; -- a Mohammedan rite.
Ablastemic (a.) Non-germinal.
Accessible (a.) Open to the influence of; -- with to.
Accession (n.) The act of coming to or reaching a throne, an office, or dignity; as, the accession of the house of Stuart; -- applied especially to the epoch of a new dynasty.
Accusable (a.) Liable to be accused or censured; chargeable with a crime or fault; blamable; -- with of.
Accuse (v. t.) to charge with an offense, judicially or by a public process; -- with of; as, to accuse one of a high crime or misdemeanor.
Accustom (v. t.) To make familiar by use; to habituate, familiarize, or inure; -- with to.
Acrospire (n.) The sprout at the end of a seed when it begins to germinate; the plumule in germination; -- so called from its spiral form.
Adansonia (n.) A genus of great trees related to the Bombax. There are two species, A. digitata, the baobab or monkey-bread of Africa and India, and A. Gregorii, the sour gourd or cream-of-tartar tree of Australia. Both have a trunk of moderate height, but of enormous diameter, and a wide-spreading head. The fruit is oblong, and filled with pleasantly acid pulp. The wood is very soft, and the bark is used by the natives for making ropes and cloth.
Adios (interj.) Adieu; farewell; good-by; -- chiefly used among Spanish-speaking people.
Adjustment (n.) Settlement of claims; an equitable arrangement of conflicting claims, as in set-off, contribution, exoneration, subrogation, and marshaling.
Advise (v. t.) To give information or notice to; to inform; -- with of before the thing communicated; as, we were advised of the risk.
Advise (v. t.) To take counsel; to consult; -- followed by with; as, to advise with friends.
Aegis (n.) A shield or protective armor; -- applied in mythology to the shield of Jupiter which he gave to Minerva. Also fig.: A shield; a protection.
Agnosticism (n.) The doctrine that the existence of a personal Deity, an unseen world, etc., can be neither proved nor disproved, because of the necessary limits of the human mind (as sometimes charged upon Hamilton and Mansel), or because of the insufficiency of the evidence furnished by physical and physical data, to warrant a positive conclusion (as taught by the school of Herbert Spencer); -- opposed alike dogmatic skepticism and to dogmatic theism.
Alias (adv.) Otherwise; otherwise called; -- a term used in legal proceedings to connect the different names of any one who has gone by two or more, and whose true name is for any cause doubtful; as, Smith, alias Simpson.
Altisonant (a.) High-sounding; lofty or pompous.
Alyssum (n.) A genus of cruciferous plants; madwort. The sweet alyssum (A. maritimum), cultivated for bouquets, bears small, white, sweet-scented flowers.
Ankus (n.) An elephant goad with a sharp spike and hook, resembling a short-handled boat hook.
Ancestor (n.) One from whom an estate has descended; -- the correlative of heir.
Ancistroid (a.) Hook-shaped.
Antisolar (a.) Opposite to the sun; -- said of the point in the heavens 180? distant from the sun.
Aphesis (n.) The loss of a short unaccented vowel at the beginning of a word; -- the result of a phonetic process; as, squire for esquire.
Apposite (a.) Very applicable; well adapted; suitable or fit; relevant; pat; -- followed by to; as, this argument is very apposite to the case.
Aprosos (a. & adv.) By the way; to the purpose; suitably to the place or subject; -- a word used to introduce an incidental observation, suited to the occasion, though not strictly belonging to the narration.
Aries (n.) A battering-ram.
Arrasways (adv.) Placed in such a position as to exhibit the top and two sides, the corner being in front; -- said of a rectangular form.
Arrest (v. t.) A scurfiness of the back part of the hind leg of a horse; -- also named rat-tails.
Arris (n.) The sharp edge or salient angle formed by two surfaces meeting each other, whether plane or curved; -- applied particularly to the edges in moldings, and to the raised edges which separate the flutings in a Doric column.
Arsis (n.) The elevation of the hand, or that part of the bar at which it is raised, in beating time; the weak or unaccented part of the bar; -- opposed to thesis.
Asbestos (n.) A variety of amphibole or of pyroxene, occurring in long and delicate fibers, or in fibrous masses or seams, usually of a white, gray, or green-gray color. The name is also given to a similar variety of serpentine.
Assess (v.) To determine and impose a tax or fine upon (a person, community, estate, or income); to tax; as, the club assessed each member twenty-five cents.
Atlas (n.) A large, square folio, resembling a volume of maps; -- called also atlas folio.
Atmosphere (n.) The whole mass of aeriform fluid surrounding the earth; -- applied also to the gaseous envelope of any celestial orb, or other body; as, the atmosphere of Mars.
August (a.) The eighth month of the year, containing thirty-one days.
Augustinian (a.) Of or pertaining to St. Augustine, bishop of Hippo in Northern Africa (b. 354 -- d. 430), or to his doctrines.
Autostability (n.) Automatic stability; also, inherent stability. An aeroplane is inherently stable if it keeps in steady poise by virtue of its shape and proportions alone; it is automatically stable if it keeps in steady poise by means of self-operative mechanism.
Autosuggestion (n.) Self-suggestion as distinguished from suggestion coming from another, esp. in hypnotism. Autosuggestion is characteristic of certain mental conditions in which expectant belief tends to produce disturbance of function of one or more organs.
Backset (v. i.) To plow again, in the fall; -- said of prairie land broken up in the spring.
Backstaff (n.) An instrument formerly used for taking the altitude of the heavenly bodies, but now superseded by the quadrant and sextant; -- so called because the observer turned his back to the body observed.
Backstair (a.) Private; indirect; secret; intriguing; -- as if finding access by the back stairs.
Banish (v. t.) To drive out, as from a home or familiar place; -- used with from and out of.
Baroscope (n.) Any instrument showing the changes in the weight of the atmosphere; also, less appropriately, any instrument that indicates -or foreshadows changes of the weather, as a deep vial of liquid holding in suspension some substance which rises and falls with atmospheric changes.
Bibasic (a.) Having to hydrogen atoms which can be replaced by positive or basic atoms or radicals to form salts; -- said of acids. See Dibasic.
Bicuspidate (a.) Having two points or prominences; ending in two points; -- said of teeth, leaves, fruit, etc.
Bicuspid (n.) One of the two double-pointed teeth which intervene between the canines (cuspids) and the molars, on each side of each jaw. See Tooth, n.
Bless (v. t.) To express a wish or prayer for the happiness of; to invoke a blessing upon; -- applied to persons.
Bless (v. t.) To invoke or confer beneficial attributes or qualities upon; to invoke or confer a blessing on, -- as on food.
Blissom (a.) Lascivious; also, in heat; -- said of ewes.
Blossom (n.) The color of a horse that has white hairs intermixed with sorrel and bay hairs; -- otherwise called peach color.
Blouse (n.) A light, loose over-garment, like a smock frock, worn especially by workingmen in France; also, a loose coat of any material, as the undress uniform coat of the United States army.
Bogus (a.) Spurious; fictitious; sham; -- a cant term originally applied to counterfeit coin, and hence denoting anything counterfeit.
Bolas (n. sing. & pl.) A kind of missile weapon consisting of one, two, or more balls of stone, iron, or other material, attached to the ends of a leather cord; -- used by the Gauchos of South America, and others, for hurling at and entangling an animal.
Bonesetter (n.) One who sets broken or dislocated bones; -- commonly applied to one, not a regular surgeon, who makes an occupation of setting bones.
Bookstore (n.) A store where books are kept for sale; -- called in England a bookseller's shop.
Brassage (n.) A sum formerly levied to pay the expense of coinage; -- now called seigniorage.
Brassart (n.) Armor for the arm; -- generally used for the whole arm from the shoulder to the wrist, and consisting, in the 15th and 16th centuries, of many parts.
Breast (n.) The seat of consciousness; the repository of thought and self-consciousness, or of secrets; the seat of the affections and passions; the heart.
Breast (n.) The power of singing; a musical voice; -- so called, probably, from the connection of the voice with the lungs, which lie within the breast.
Breasted (a.) Having a breast; -- used in composition with qualifying words, in either a literal or a metaphorical sense; as, a single-breasted coat.
Breastplough (n.) A kind of plow, driven by the breast of the workman; -- used to cut or pare turf.
Breastrail (n.) The upper rail of any parapet of ordinary height, as of a balcony; the railing of a quarter-deck, etc.
Breastsummer (n.) A summer or girder extending across a building flush with, and supporting, the upper part of a front or external wall; a long lintel; a girder; -- used principally above shop windows.
Breastwork (n.) A railing on the quarter-deck and forecastle.
Browse (n.) To eat or nibble off, as the tender branches of trees, shrubs, etc.; -- said of cattle, sheep, deer, and some other animals.
Buzzsaw () A circular saw; -- so called from the buzzing it makes when running at full speed.
Cabas (n.) A flat basket or frail for figs, etc.; hence, a lady's flat workbasket, reticule, or hand bag; -- often written caba.
Caisson (n.) A four-wheeled carriage for conveying ammunition, consisting of two parts, a body and a limber. In light field batteries there is one caisson to each piece, having two ammunition boxes on the body, and one on the limber.
Caisson (n.) A water-tight box, of timber or iron within which work is carried on in building foundations or structures below the water level.
Calash (n.) In Canada, a two-wheeled, one-seated vehicle, with a calash top, and the driver's seat elevated in front.
Camass (n.) A blue-flowered liliaceous plant (Camassia esculenta) of northwestern America, the bulbs of which are collected for food by the Indians.
Camisard (n.) One of the French Protestant insurgents who rebelled against Louis XIV, after the revocation of the edict of Nates; -- so called from the peasant's smock (camise) which they wore.
Canaster (n.) A kind of tobacco for smoking, made of the dried leaves, coarsely broken; -- so called from the rush baskets in which it is packed in South America.
Canister (n.) A kind of case shot for cannon, in which a number of lead or iron balls in layers are inclosed in a case fitting the gun; -- called also canister shot.
Catastrophism (n.) The doctrine that the geological changes in the earth's crust have been caused by the sudden action of violent physical causes; -- opposed to the doctrine of uniformism.
Cerasin (n.) A white amorphous substance, the insoluble part of cherry gum; -- called also meta-arabinic acid.
Cerasin (n.) A gummy mucilaginous substance; -- called also bassorin, tragacanthin, etc.
Cerise (a.) Cherry-colored; a light bright red; -- applied to textile fabrics, especially silk.
Chasse (n.) A small potion of spirituous liquor taken to remove the taste of coffee, tobacco, or the like; -- originally chasse-cafe, lit., "coffee chaser."
Chasse (n.) A small potion of spirituous liquor taken to remove the taste of coffee, tobacco, or the like; -- originally chasse-cafe, lit., "coffee chaser."
Chaise (n.) A two-wheeled carriage for two persons, with a calash top, and the body hung on leather straps, or thorough-braces. It is usually drawn by one horse.
Chassepot (n.) A kind of breechloading, center-fire rifle, or improved needle gun.
Cheese (n.) A low courtesy; -- so called on account of the cheese form assumed by a woman's dress when she stoops after extending the skirts by a rapid gyration.
Chess (n.) A species of brome grass (Bromus secalinus) which is a troublesome weed in wheat fields, and is often erroneously regarded as degenerate or changed wheat; it bears a very slight resemblance to oats, and if reaped and ground up with wheat, so as to be used for food, is said to produce narcotic effects; -- called also cheat and Willard's bromus.
Chiastolite (n.) A variety of andalusite; -- called also macle. The tessellated appearance of a cross section is due to the symmetrical arrangement of impurities in the crystal.
Chouse (v. t.) To cheat, trick, defraud; -- followed by of, or out of; as, to chouse one out of his money.
Chrisom (n.) A child which died within a month after its baptism; -- so called from the chrisom cloth which was used as a shroud for it.
Christcross (n.) The mark of the cross, as cut, painted, written, or stamped on certain objects, -- sometimes as the sign of 12 o'clock on a dial.
Christian (n.) One of a sect (called Christian Connection) of open-communion immersionists. The Bible is their only authoritative rule of faith and practice.
ChrysaniChrysaurin (n.) An orange-colored dyestuff, of artificial production.
Chrysolite (n.) A mineral, composed of silica, magnesia, and iron, of a yellow to green color. It is common in certain volcanic rocks; -- called also olivine and peridot. Sometimes used as a gem. The name was also early used for yellow varieties of tourmaChrysoprase (n.) An apple-green variety of chalcedony, colored by nickel. It has a dull flinty luster, and is sometimes used in jewelry.
Classic (n.) A work of acknowledged excellence and authority, or its author; -- originally used of Greek and Latin works or authors, but now applied to authors and works of a like character in any language.
Clepsine (n.) A genus of fresh-water leeches, furnished with a proboscis. They feed upon mollusks and worms.
Cloisonne (a.) Inlaid between partitions: -- said of enamel when the Clumsy (superl.) Without skill or grace; wanting dexterity, nimbleness, or readiness; stiff; awkward, as if benumbed; unwieldy; unhandy; hence; ill-made, misshapen, or inappropriate; as, a clumsy person; a clumsy workman; clumsy fingers; a clumsy gesture; a clumsy excuse.
Coarse (superl.) Large in bulk, or composed of large parts or particles; of inferior quality or appearance; not fine in material or close in texture; gross; thick; rough; -- opposed to fine; as, coarse sand; coarse thread; coarse cloth; coarse bread.
Corps (n.) In some countries of Europe, a form of students' social society binding the members to strict adherence to certain student customs and its code of honor; -- Ger. spelling usually korps.
Cockscomb (n.) A plant (Celosia cristata), of many varieties, cultivated for its broad, fantastic spikes of brilliant flowers; -- sometimes called garden cockscomb. Also the Pedicularis, or lousewort, the Rhinanthus Crista-galli, and the Onobrychis Crista-galli.
Cockshead (n.) A leguminous herb (Onobrychis Caput-galli), having small spiny-crested pods.
Cockshy (n.) A game in which trinkets are set upon sticks, to be thrown at by the players; -- so called from an ancient popular sport which consisted in "shying" or throwing cudgels at live cocks.
Cockspur (n.) A variety of Crataegus, or hawthorn (C. Crus-galli), having long, straight thorns; -- called also Cockspur thorn.
Cohesion (n.) That from of attraction by which the particles of a body are united throughout the mass, whether like or unlike; -- distinguished from adhesion, which unites bodies by their adjacent surfaces.
Cohosh (n.) A perennial American herb (Caulophyllum thalictroides), whose rootstock is used in medicine; -- also called pappoose root. The name is sometimes also given to the Cimicifuga racemosa, and to two species of Actaea, plants of the Crowfoot family.
Comestible (n.) Something suitable to be eaten; -- commonly in the plural.
Corpse (n.) A human body in general, whether living or dead; -- sometimes contemptuously.
Corpse (n.) The dead body of a human being; -- used also Fig.
Course (n.) The lowest sail on any mast of a square-rigged vessel; as, the fore course, main course, etc.
Creaser (n.) A tool, or a sewing-machine attachment, for making Creosote (n.) Wood-tar oil; an oily antiseptic liquid, of a burning smoky taste, colorless when pure, but usually colored yellow or brown by impurity or exposure. It is a complex mixture of various phenols and their ethers, and is obtained by the distillation of wood tar, especially that of beechwood.
Croissante (a.) Terminated with crescent; -- said of a cross the ends of which are so terminated.
Cronstedtite (n.) A mineral consisting principally of silicate of iron, and crystallizing in hexagonal prisms with perfect basal cleavage; -- so named from the Swedish mineralogist Cronstedt.
Cross (v. t.) To make the sign of the cross upon; -- followed by the reflexive pronoun; as, he crossed himself.
Cross (v. t.) To cancel by marking crosses on or over, or drawing a Cross (v. t.) To cause to interbreed; -- said of different stocks or races; to mix the breed of.
Crossette (n.) A return in one of the corners of the architrave of a door or window; -- called also ancon, ear, elbow. Crosslet (a.) Crossed again; -- said of a cross the arms of which are crossed. SeeCross-crosslet.
Crosslet (a.) Crossed again; -- said of a cross the arms of which are crossed. SeeCross-crosslet.
Crosspatch (n.) An ill-natured person.
Crossrow (n.) The alphabet; -- called also Christcross-row.
Crossruff (n.) The play in whist where partners trump each a different suit, and lead to each other for that purpose; -- called also seesaw.
Crouse (a.) Brisk; lively; bold; self-complacent.
Crows (n. pl.) A tribe of Indians of the Dakota stock, living in Montana; -- also called Upsarokas.
Cruiser (n.) One who, or a vessel that, cruises; -- usually an armed vessel.
Crease (n.) The combination of four Cruiser (n.) A man-of-war less heavily armed and armored than a battle ship, having great speed, and generally of from two thousand to twelve thousand tons displacement.
Cubism (n.) A movement or phase in post-impressionism (which see, below).
Culasse (n.) The lower faceted portion of a brilliant-cut diamond.
Dachshund (n.) One of a breed of small dogs with short crooked legs, and long body; -- called also badger dog. There are two kinds, the rough-haired and the smooth-haired.
Dalesman (n.) One living in a dale; -- a term applied particularly to the inhabitants of the valleys in the north of England, Norway, etc.
Damask (n.) A heavy woolen or worsted stuff with a pattern woven in the same way as the Debuscope (n.) A modification of the kaleidoscope; -- used to reflect images so as to form beautiful designs.
Decastyle (a.) Having ten columns in front; -- said of a portico, temple, etc.
Decession (n.) Departure; decrease; -- opposed to accesion.
Decussate (v. t.) To cross at an acute angle; to cut or divide in the form of X; to intersect; -- said of Demisemiquaver (n.) A short note, equal in time to the half of a semiquaver, or the thirty-second part of a whole note.
Depose (v. t.) To testify under oath; to bear testimony to; -- now usually said of bearing testimony which is officially written down for future use.
Depositary (n.) One with whom anything is lodged in the trust; one who receives a deposit; -- the correlative of depositor.
Deposition (n.) The act of laying down one's testimony in writing; also, testimony laid or taken down in writing, under oath or affirmation, before some competent officer, and in reply to interrogatories and cross-interrogatories.
Depositor (n.) One who makes a deposit, especially of money in a bank; -- the correlative of depository.
Derision (n.) An object of derision or scorn; a laughing-stock.
Desist (v. i.) To cease to proceed or act; to stop; to forbear; -- often with from.
Devise (v. t.) To give by will; -- used of real estate; formerly, also, of chattels.
Devise (n.) The act of giving or disposing of real estate by will; -- sometimes improperly applied to a bequest of personal estate.
Devisor (n.) One who devises, or gives real estate by will; a testator; -- correlative to devisee.
Digastric (a.) Having two bellies; biventral; -- applied to muscles which are fleshy at each end and have a tendon in the middle, and esp. to the muscle which pulls down the lower jaw.
Digestedly (adv.) In a digested or well-arranged manner; methodically.
Dinosauria (n. pl.) An order of extinct mesozoic reptiles, mostly of large size (whence the name). Notwithstanding their size, they present birdlike characters in the skeleton, esp. in the pelvis and hind limbs. Some walked on their three-toed hind feet, thus producing the large "bird tracks," so-called, of mesozoic sandstones; others were five-toed and quadrupedal. See Illust. of Compsognathus, also Illustration of Dinosaur in Appendix.
Disassimilation (n.) The decomposition of complex substances, within the organism, into simpler ones suitable only for excretion, with evolution of energy, -- a normal nutritional process the reverse of assimilation; downward metabolism.
Disastrous (a.) Full of unpropitious stellar influences; unpropitious; ill-boding.
Disastrous (a.) Attended with suffering or disaster; very unfortunate; calamitous; ill-fated; as, a disastrous day; a disastrous termination of an undertaking.
Disuse (v. t.) To disaccustom; -- with to or from; as, disused to toil.
Dives (n.) The name popularly given to the rich man in our Lord's parable of the "Rich Man and Lazarus" (Luke xvi. 19-31). Hence, a name for a rich worldling.
Divest (v. t.) To unclothe; to strip, as of clothes, arms, or equipage; -- opposed to invest.
Dress (v. i.) To arrange one's self in due position in a Dressing (n.) Manure or compost over land. When it remains on the surface, it is called a top-dressing.
Dressing (n.) Castigation; scolding; -- often with down.
Edgeshot (a.) Having an edge planed, -- said of a board.
Effuse (a.) Having the lips, or edges, of the aperture abruptly spreading; -- said of certain shells.
Egoism (n.) Excessive love and thought of self; the habit of regarding one's self as the center of every interest; selfishness; -- opposed to altruism.
Egoistical (a.) Pertaining to egoism; imbued with egoism or excessive thoughts of self; self-loving.
Elapse (v. i.) To slip or glide away; to pass away silently, as time; -- used chiefly in reference to time.
Endosperm (n.) The albumen of a seed; -- limited by recent writers to that formed within the embryo sac.
Endosporous (a.) Having the spores contained in a case; -- applied to fungi.
Endoss (v. t.) To put upon the back or outside of anything; -- the older spelling of endorse.
Endysis (n.) The act of developing a new coat of hair, a new set of feathers, scales, etc.; -- opposed to ecdysis.
Entasia (n.) Tonic spasm; -- applied generically to denote any disease characterized by tonic spasms, as tetanus, trismus, etc.
Equisetum (n.) A genus of vascular, cryptogamic, herbaceous plants; -- also called horsetails.
Eschscholtzia (n.) A genus of papaveraceous plants, found in California and upon the west coast of North America, some species of which produce beautiful yellow, orange, rose-colored, or white flowers; the California poppy.
Ethos (n.) The traits in a work of art which express the ideal or typic character -- character as influenced by the ethos (sense 1) of a people -- rather than realistic or emotional situations or individual character in a narrow sense; -- opposed to pathos.
Expostulate (v. i.) To reason earnestly with a person on some impropriety of his conduct, representing the wrong he has done or intends, and urging him to make redress or to desist; to remonstrate; -- followed by with.
Favus (n.) A tile or flagstone cut into an hexagonal shape to produce a honeycomb pattern, as in a pavement; -- called also favas and sectila.
Feldspath (n.) A name given to a group of minerals, closely related in crystalFinish (n.) Completion; -- opposed to start, or beginning.
Firestone (n.) A stone which will bear the heat of a furnace without injury; -- especially applied to the sandstone at the top of the upper greensand in the south of England, used for lining kilns and furnaces.
Fives (n. pl.) A kind of play with a ball against a wall, resembling tennis; -- so named because three fives, or fifteen, are counted to the game.
Flews (n. pl.) The pendulous or overhanging lateral parts of the upper lip of dogs, especially prominent in hounds; -- called also chaps. See Illust. of Bloodhound.
Flotson (n.) Goods lost by shipwreck, and floating on the sea; -- in distinction from jetsam or jetson.
Fluosilicate (n.) A double fluoride of silicon and some other (usually basic) element or radical, regarded as a salt of fluosilicic acid; -- called also silicofluoride.
Folks (n. collect. & pl.) In Anglo-Saxon times, the people of a group of townships or villages; a community; a tribe.
Folks (n. collect. & pl.) People in general, or a separate class of people; -- generally used in the plural form, and often with a qualifying adjective; as, the old folks; poor folks.
Footstone (n.) The stone at the foot of a grave; -- opposed to headstone.
Forasmuch (conj.) In consideration that; seeing that; since; because that; -- followed by as. See under For, prep.
Foresail (n.) The sail bent to the foreyard of a square-rigged vessel, being the lowest sail on the foremast.
Forestaff (n.) An instrument formerly used at sea for taking the altitudes of heavenly bodies, now superseded by the sextant; -- called also cross-staff.
Forestall (v. t.) To deprive; -- with of.
Forester (n.) A lepidopterous insect belonging to Alypia and allied genera; as, the eight-spotted forester (A. octomaculata), which in the larval state is injurious to the grapevine.
Freestone (n.) A stone composed of sand or grit; -- so called because it is easily cut or wrought.
Fuchsia (n.) A genus of flowering plants having elegant drooping flowers, with four sepals, four petals, eight stamens, and a single pistil. They are natives of Mexico and South America. Double-flowered varieties are now common in cultivation.
Fuchsine (n.) AniGainsome (a.) Prepossessing; well-favored.
Gainsborough hat () A woman's broad-brimmed hat of a form thought to resemble those shown in portraits by Thomas Gainsborough, the English artist (1727-88).
Gelose (n.) An amorphous, gummy carbohydrate, found in Gelidium, agar-agar, and other seaweeds.
Genesis (n.) The first book of the Old Testament; -- so called by the Greek translators, from its containing the history of the creation of the world and of the human race.
Gladstone (n.) A four-wheeled pleasure carriage with two inside seats, calash top, and seats for driver and footman.
Glass (v. t.) A looking-glass; a mirror.
Glass (v. t.) An optical glass; a lens; a spyglass; -- in the plural, spectacles; as, a pair of glasses; he wears glasses.
Glass (v. t.) To reflect, as in a mirror; to mirror; -- used reflexively.
Glasseye (n.) A fish of the great lakes; the wall-eyed pike.
Glassite (n.) A member of a Scottish sect, founded in the 18th century by John Glass, a minister of the Established Church of Scotland, who taught that justifying faith is "no more than a simple assent to the divine testimone passively recived by the understanding." The English and American adherents of this faith are called Sandemanians, after Robert Sandeman, the son-in-law and disciple of Glass.
Glassy (a.) Dull; wanting life or fire; lackluster; -- said of the eyes.
Glossohyal (a.) Pertaining to both the hyoidean arch and the tongue; -- applied to the anterior segment of the hyoidean arch in many fishes. -- n. The glossohyal bone or cartilage; lingual bone; entoglossal bone.
Glossopharyngeal (a.) Pertaining to both the tongue and the pharynx; -- applied especially to the ninth pair of cranial nerves, which are distributed to the pharynx and tongue. -- n. One of the glossopharyngeal nerves.
Gneissoid (a.) Resembling gneiss; having some of the characteristics of gneiss; -- applied to rocks of an intermediate character between granite and gneiss, or mica slate and gneiss.
Goatsucker (n.) One of several species of insectivorous birds, belonging to Caprimulgus and allied genera, esp. the European species (Caprimulgus Europaeus); -- so called from the mistaken notion that it sucks goats. The European species is also goat-milker, goat owl, goat chaffer, fern owl, night hawk, nightjar, night churr, churr-owl, gnat hawk, and dorhawk.
Goldseed (n.) Dog's-tail grass.
Grasshopper (n.) Any jumping, orthopterous insect, of the families Acrididae and Locustidae. The species and genera are very numerous. The former family includes the Western grasshopper or locust (Caloptenus spretus), noted for the great extent of its ravages in the region beyond the Mississippi. In the Eastern United States the red-legged (Caloptenus femurrubrum and C. atlanis) are closely related species, but their ravages are less important. They are closely related to the migratory locusts>
Grasshopper (n.) In ordinary square or upright pianos of London make, the escapement lever or jack, so made that it can be taken out and replaced with the key; -- called also the hopper.
Gross (superl.) Whole; entire; total; without deduction; as, the gross sum, or gross amount, the gross weight; -- opposed to net.
Grossular (a.) A translucent garnet of a pale green color like that of the gooseberry; -- called also grossularite.
Grouse (n. sing. & pl.) Any of the numerous species of gallinaceous birds of the family Tetraonidae, and subfamily Tetraoninae, inhabiting Europe, Asia, and North America. They have plump bodies, strong, well-feathered legs, and usually mottled plumage. The group includes the ptarmigans (Lagopus), having feathered feet.
Guess (v. t.) To think; to suppose; to believe; to imagine; -- followed by an objective clause.
Guess (v. i.) To make a guess or random judgment; to conjecture; -- with at, about, etc.
Halesia (n.) A genus of American shrubs containing several species, called snowdrop trees, or silver-bell trees. They have showy, white flowers, drooping on slender pedicels.
Handsome (superl.) Dexterous; skillful; handy; ready; convenient; -- applied to things as persons.
Handsome (superl.) Agreeable to the eye or to correct taste; having a pleasing appearance or expression; attractive; having symmetry and dignity; comely; -- expressing more than pretty, and less than beautiful; as, a handsome man or woman; a handsome garment, house, tree, horse.
Harass (v. t.) To fatigue; to tire with repeated and exhausting efforts; esp., to weary by importunity, teasing, or fretting; to cause to endure excessive burdens or anxieties; -- sometimes followed by out.
Harpsichord (n.) A harp-shaped instrument of music set horizontally on legs, like the grand piano, with strings of wire, played by the fingers, by means of keys provided with quills, instead of hammers, for striking the strings. It is now superseded by the piano.
Headstock (n.) The part of a lathe that holds the revolving spindle and its attachments; -- also called poppet head, the opposite corresponding part being called a tailstock.
Heresy (n.) An opinion held in opposition to the established or commonly received doctrine, and tending to promote a division or party, as in politics, literature, philosophy, etc.; -- usually, but not necessarily, said in reproach.
Herisson (n.) A beam or bar armed with iron spikes, and turning on a pivot; -- used to block up a passage.
Hexastyle (a.) Having six columns in front; -- said of a portico or temple.
Hoarse (superl.) Harsh; grating; discordant; -- said of any sound.
Holosteric (a.) Wholly solid; -- said of a barometer constructed of solid materials to show the variations of atmospheric pressure without the use of liquids, as the aneroid.
Holostomatous (a.) Having an entire aperture; -- said of many univalve shells.
Homostyled (a.) Having only one form of pistils; -- said of the flowers of some plants.
Honest (a.) Characterized by integrity or fairness and straight/forwardness in conduct, thought, speech, etc.; upright; just; equitable; trustworthy; truthful; sincere; free from fraud, guile, or duplicity; not false; -- said of persons and acts, and of things to which a moral quality is imputed; as, an honest judge or merchant; an honest statement; an honest bargain; an honest business; an honest book; an honest confession.
Honesty (a.) Satin flower; the name of two cruciferous herbs having large flat pods, the round shining partitions of which are more beautiful than the blossom; -- called also lunary and moonwort. Lunaria biennis is common honesty; L. rediva is perennial honesty.
Hornstone (n.) A siliceous stone, a variety of quartz, closely resembling flint, but more brittle; -- called also chert.
Hypaspist (n.) A shield-bearer or armor-bearer.
Hyposkeletal (a.) Beneath the endoskeleton; hypaxial; as, the hyposkeletal muscles; -- opposed to episkeletal.
Hypostasis (n.) Substance; subsistence; essence; person; personality; -- used by the early theologians to denote any one of the three subdivisions of the Godhead, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.
Hypostasis (n.) Principle; an element; -- used by the alchemists in speaking of salt, sulphur, and mercury, which they considered as the three principles of all material bodies.
Hypostyle (a.) Resting upon columns; constructed by means of columns; -- especially applied to the great hall at Karnak.
Immission (n.) The act of immitting, or of sending or thrusting in; injection; -- the correlative of emission.
Impose (v. t.) To arrange in proper order on a table of stone or metal and lock up in a chase for printing; -- said of columns or pages of type, forms, etc.
Impasse (n.) An impassable road or way; a blind alley; cul-de-sac; fig., a position or predicament affording no escape.
Inauspicious (a.) Not auspicious; ill-omened; unfortunate; unlucky; unfavorable.
Industrious (a.) Given to industry; characterized by diligence; constantly, regularly, or habitually occupied; busy; assiduous; not slothful or idle; -- commonly implying devotion to lawful and useful labor.
Industry (n.) Habitual diligence in any employment or pursuit, either bodily or mental; steady attention to business; assiduity; -- opposed to sloth and idleness; as, industry pays debts, while idleness or despair will increase them.
Infuse (v. t.) To inspire; to inspirit or animate; to fill; -- followed by with.
Infusionism (n.) The doctrine that the soul is preexistent to the body, and is infused into it at conception or birth; -- opposed to tradicianism and creationism.
Infusory (n.) One of the Infusoria; -- usually in the pl.
Ingesta (n. pl.) That which is introduced into the body by the stomach or alimentary canal; -- opposed to egesta.
Insist (v. i.) To stand or rest; to find support; -- with in, on, or upon.
Insist (v. i.) To take a stand and refuse to give way; to hold to something firmly or determinedly; to be persistent, urgent, or pressing; to persist in demanding; -- followed by on, upon, or that; as, he insisted on these conditions; he insisted on going at once; he insists that he must have money.
Intestine (a.) Internal; inward; -- opposed to external.
Intestine (a.) Internal with regard to a state or country; domestic; not foreign; -- applied usually to that which is evil; as, intestine disorders, calamities, etc.
Invest (v. t.) To put garments on; to clothe; to dress; to array; -- opposed to divest. Usually followed by with, sometimes by in; as, to invest one with a robe.
Invest (v. i.) To make an investment; as, to invest in stocks; -- usually followed by in.
Inviscerate (a.) Deep-seated; internal.
Invisible (n.) A Rosicrucian; -- so called because avoiding declaration of his craft.
Ironsides (n. /) A cuirassier or cuirassiers; also, hardy veteran soldiers; -- applied specifically to Cromwell's cavalry.
Jacksnipe (n.) A small European snipe (Limnocryptes gallinula); -- called also judcock, jedcock, juddock, jed, and half snipe.
Jacksnipe (n.) A small American sandpiper (Tringa maculata); -- called also pectoral sandpiper, and grass snipe.
Jadish (a.) Vicious; ill-tempered; resembling a jade; -- applied to a horse.
Jadish (a.) Unchaste; -- applied to a woman.
Jamesonite (n.) A steel-gray mineral, of metallic luster, commonly fibrous massive. It is a sulphide of antimony and lead, with a little iron.
Jarosite (n.) An ocher-yellow mineral occurring on minute rhombohedral crystals. It is a hydrous sulphate of iron and potash.
Jurassic (a.) Of the age of the middle Mesozoic, including, as divided in England and Europe, the Lias, Oolite, and Wealden; -- named from certain rocks of the Jura mountains.
Jurassic (n.) The Jurassic period or formation; -- called also the Jura.
Kalasie (n.) A long-tailed monkey of Borneo (Semnopithecus rubicundus). It has a tuft of long hair on the head.
Katastate (n.) (Physiol.) A substance formed by a katabolic process; -- opposed to anastate. See Katabolic.
Kinesodic (a.) Conveying motion; as; kinesodic substance; -- applied esp. to the spinal cord, because it is capable of conveying doth voluntary and reflex motor impulses, without itself being affected by motor impulses applied to it directly.
Klipspringer (n.) A small, graceful South African antelope (Nanotragus oreotragus), which, like the chamois, springs from one crag to another with great agility; -- called also kainsi.
Ladyship (n.) The rank or position of a lady; -- given as a title (preceded by her or your).
Landsman (n.) One who lives on the land; -- opposed to seaman.
Latisternal (a.) Having a broad breastbone, or sternum; -- said of anthropoid apes.
Lav/sium (n.) A supposed new metallic element. It is said to have been discovered in pyrites, and some other minerals, and to be of a silver-white color, and malleable.
Legislative (a.) Making, or having the power to make, a law or laws; lawmaking; -- distinguished from executive; as, a legislative act; a legislative body.
Lepas (n.) Any one of various species of Lepas, a genus of pedunculated barnacles found attached to floating timber, bottoms of ships, Gulf weed, etc.; -- called also goose barnacle. See Barnacle.
Letts (n. pl.) An Indo-European people, allied to the Lithuanians and Old Prussians, and inhabiting a part of the Baltic provinces of Russia.
Lewisson (n.) An iron dovetailed tenon, made in sections, which can be fitted into a dovetail mortise; -- used in hoisting large stones, etc.
Ligustrin (n.) A bitter principle found in the bark of the privet (Ligustrum vulgare), and extracted as a white crystalLocust (n.) Any one of numerous species of long-winged, migratory, orthopterous insects, of the family Acrididae, allied to the grasshoppers; esp., (Edipoda, / Pachytylus, migratoria, and Acridium perigrinum, of Southern Europe, Asia, and Africa. In the United States the related species with similar habits are usually called grasshoppers. See Grasshopper.
Locustic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, the locust; -- formerly used to designate a supposed acid.
Longspun (a.) Spun out, or extended, to great length; hence, long-winded; tedious.
Longspur (n.) Any one of several species of fringilLotus (n.) A name of several kinds of water lilies; as Nelumbium speciosum, used in religious ceremonies, anciently in Egypt, and to this day in Asia; Nelumbium luteum, the American lotus; and Nymphaea Lotus and N. caerulea, the respectively white-flowered and blue-flowered lotus of modern Egypt, which, with Nelumbium speciosum, are figured on its ancient monuments.
Magister (n.) Master; sir; -- a title of the Middle Ages, given to a person in authority, or to one having a license from a university to teach philosophy and the liberal arts.
Magistery (n.) A precipitate; a fine substance deposited by precipitation; -- applied in old chemistry to certain white precipitates from metallic solutions; as, magistery of bismuth.
Magistral (a.) Formulated extemporaneously, or for a special case; -- opposed to officinal, and said of prescriptions and medicines.
Majesty (n.) The dignity and authority of sovereign power; quality or state which inspires awe or reverence; grandeur; exalted dignity, whether proceeding from rank, character, or bearing; imposing loftiness; stateMajesty (n.) Hence, used with the possessive pronoun, the title of an emperor, king or queen; -- in this sense taking a plural; as, their majesties attended the concert.
Malashaganay (n.) The fresh-water drumfish (Haploidonotus grunniens).
Medusoid (a.) Like a medusa; having the fundamental structure of a medusa, but without a locomotive disk; -- said of the sessile gonophores of hydroids.
Megaseme (a.) Having the orbital index relatively large; having the orbits narrow transversely; -- opposed to microseme.
Melastoma (n.) A genus of evergreen tropical shrubs; -- so called from the black berries of some species, which stain the mouth.
Melisma (n.) A piece of melody; a song or tune, -- as opposed to recitative or musical declamation.
Meniscoid (a.) Concavo-convex, like a meniscus.
Menispermine (n.) An alkaloid distinct from picrotoxin and obtained from the cocculus indicus (the fruit of Anamirta Cocculus, formerly Menispermum Cocculus) as a white, crystalMetasomatism (n.) An alteration in a mineral or rock mass when involving a chemical change of the substance, as of chrysolite to serpentine; -- opposed to ordinary metamorphism, as implying simply a recrystallization.
Metosteon (n.) The postero-lateral ossification in the sternum of birds; also, the part resulting from such ossification.
Megascopical (a.) Enlarged or magnified; -- said of images or of photographic pictures, etc.
Megascopical (a.) Large enough to be seen; -- said of the larger structural features and components of rocks which do not require the use of the microscope to be perceived. Opposed to microscopic.
Modest (a.) Observing the proprieties of the sex; not unwomanly in act or bearing; free from undue familiarity, indecency, or lewdness; decent in speech and demeanor; -- said of a woman.
Modesty (n.) The quality or state of being modest; that lowly temper which accompanies a moderate estimate of one's own worth and importance; absence of self-assertion, arrogance, and presumption; humility respecting one's own merit.
Molasse (n.) A soft Tertiary sandstone; -- applied to a rock occurring in Switzerland. See Chart of Geology.
Monastery (n.) A house of religious retirement, or of secusion from ordinary temporal concerns, especially for monks; -- more rarely applied to such a house for females.
Monism (n.) That doctrine which refers all phenomena to a single ultimate constituent or agent; -- the opposite of dualism.
Monosulphide (n.) A sulphide containing one atom of sulphur, and analogous to a monoxide; -- contrasted with a polysulphide; as, galena is a monosulphide.
Moonseed (n.) A climbing plant of the genus Menispermum; -- so called from the crescentlike form of the seeds.
Moonshiner (n.) A person engaged in illicit distilling; -- so called because the work is largely done at night.
Morose (a.) Of a sour temper; sullen and austere; ill-humored; severe.
Modiste (n.) One, esp. woman, who makes, or deals in, articles of fashion, esp. of the fashionable dress of ladies; a dress-maker or milMonism (n.) The doctrine that the universe is an organized unitary being or total self-inclusive structure.
Monosaccharide () Alt. of -rid
Mousse (n.) A frozen dessert of a frothy texture, made of sweetened and flavored whipped cream, sometimes with the addition of egg yolks and gelatin. Mousse differs from ice cream in being beaten before -- not during -- the freezing process.
Mutoscope (n.) A simple form of moving-picture machine in which the series of views, exhibiting the successive phases of a scene, are printed on paper and mounted around the periphery of a wheel. The rotation of the wheel brings them rapidly into sight, one after another, and the blended effect gives a semblance of motion.
Mucus (n.) Any other animal fluid of a viscid quality, as the synovial fluid, which lubricates the cavities of the joints; -- improperly so used.
Myristin (n.) The myristate of glycerin, -- found as a vegetable fat in nutmeg butter, etc.
Myzostomata (n. pl.) An order of curious parasitic worms found on crinoids. The body is short and disklike, with four pairs of suckers and five pairs of hook-bearing parapodia on the under side.
Mykiss (n.) A salmon (Salmo mykiss, syn. S. purpuratus) marked with black spots and a red throat, found in most of the rivers from Alaska to the Colorado River, and in Siberia; -- called also black-spotted trout, cutthroat trout, and redthroat trout.
Nanism (n.) The condition of being abnormally small in stature; dwarfishness; -- opposed to gigantism.
Navus (n.) A spot or mark on the skin of children when born; a birthmark; -- usually applied to vascular tumors, i. e., those consisting mainly of blood vessels, as dilated arteries, veins, or capillaries.
Nares (n. pl.) The nostrils or nasal openings, -- the anterior nares being the external or proper nostrils, and the posterior nares, the openings of the nasal cavities into the mouth or pharynx.
Necessary (a.) Acting from necessity or compulsion; involuntary; -- opposed to free; as, whether man is a necessary or a free agent is a question much discussed.
Necessary (n.) A thing that is necessary or indispensable to some purpose; something that one can not do without; a requisite; an essential; -- used chiefly in the plural; as, the necessaries of life.
Necessary (n.) A privy; a water-closet.
Necessitarian (a.) Of or pertaining to the doctrine of philosophical necessity in regard to the origin and existence of things, especially as applied to the actings or choices of the will; -- opposed to libertarian.
Necessity (n.) That which is necessary; a necessary; a requisite; something indispensable; -- often in the plural.
Needs (adv.) Of necessity; necessarily; indispensably; -- often with must, and equivalent to of need.
Negus (n.) A beverage made of wine, water, sugar, nutmeg, and lemon juice; -- so called, it is said, from its first maker, Colonel Negus.
Nehushtan (n.) A thing of brass; -- the name under which the Israelites worshiped the brazen serpent made by Moses.
Obsession (n.) The state of being besieged; -- used specifically of a person beset by a spirit from without.
Obtuse (superl.) Not pointed or acute; blunt; -- applied esp. to angles greater than a right angle, or containing more than ninety degrees.
Occasion (n.) An occurrence or condition of affairs which brings with it some unlooked-for event; that which incidentally brings to pass an event, without being its efficient cause or sufficient reason; accidental or incidental cause.
Occasionalism (n.) The system of occasional causes; -- a name given to certain theories of the Cartesian school of philosophers, as to the intervention of the First Cause, by which they account for the apparent reciprocal action of the soul and the body.
Octostyle (a.) Having eight columns in the front; -- said of a temple or portico. The Parthenon is octostyle, but most large Greek temples are hexastele. See Hexastyle.
Omniscience (n.) The quality or state of being omniscient; -- an attribute peculiar to God.
Omniscious (a.) All-knowing.
Omnispective (a.) Beholding everything; capable of seeing all things; all-seeing.
Oppose (v. i.) To act adversely or in opposition; -- with against or to; as, a servant opposed against the act.
Opposite (a.) Placed over against; standing or situated over against or in front; facing; -- often with to; as, a house opposite to the Exchange.
Opposition (n.) The situation of a heavenly body with respect to another when in the part of the heavens directly opposite to it; especially, the position of a planet or satellite when its longitude differs from that of the sun 180?; -- signified by the symbol /; as, / / /, opposition of Jupiter to the sun.
Oquassa (n.) A small, handsome trout (Salvelinus oquassa), found in some of the lakes in Maine; -- called also blueback trout.
Orris (n.) A plant of the genus Iris (I. Florentina); a kind of flower-de-luce. Its rootstock has an odor resembling that of violets.
Overshoe (n.) A shoe that is worn over another for protection from wet or for extra warmth; esp., an India-rubber shoe; a galoche.
Oversoul (n.) The all-containing soul.
Pacos (n.) An earthy-looking ore, consisting of brown oxide of iron with minute particles of native silver.
Padishah (n.) Chief ruler; monarch; sovereign; -- a title of the Sultan of Turkey, and of the Shah of Persia.
Palisade (n.) A Pains (n.) Labor; toilsome effort; care or trouble taken; -- plural in form, but used with a singular or plural verb, commonly the former.
Papism (n.) Popery; -- an offensive term.
Papist (n.) A Roman catholic; one who adheres to the Church of Rome and the authority of the pope; -- an offensive designation applied to Roman Catholics by their opponents.
Papistical (a.) Of or pertaining to the Church of Rome and its doctrines and ceremonies; pertaining to popery; popish; -- used disparagingly.
Parasite (n.) One who frequents the tables of the rich, or who lives at another's expense, and earns his welcome by flattery; a hanger-on; a toady; a sycophant.
Parasite (n.) A plant obtaining nourishment immediately from other plants to which it attaches itself, and whose juices it absorbs; -- sometimes, but erroneously, called epiphyte.
Parasphenoid (a.) Near the sphenoid bone; -- applied especially to a bone situated immediately beneath the sphenoid in the base of the skull in many animals.
Patas (n.) A West African long-tailed monkey (Cercopithecus ruber); the red monkey.
Perissad (a.) Odd; not even; -- said of elementary substances and of radicals whose valence is not divisible by two without a remainder. Contrasted with artiad.
Perissodactyla (n. pl.) A division of ungulate mammals, including those that have an odd number of toes, as the horse, tapir, and rhinoceros; -- opposed to Artiodactyla.
Peristeropodous (a.) Having pigeonlike feet; -- said of those gallinaceous birds that rest on all four toes, as the curassows and megapods.
Petasus (n.) The winged cap of Mercury; also, a broad-brimmed, low-crowned hat worn by Greeks and Romans.
Phassachate (n.) The lead-colored agate; -- so called in reference to its color.
Piassava (n.) A fibrous product of two Brazilian palm trees (Attalea funifera and Leopoldinia Piassaba), -- used in making brooms, and for other purposes. Called also piacaba and piasaba.
Pilaster (n.) An upright architectural member right-angled in plan, constructionally a pier (See Pier, 1 (b)), but architecturally corresponding to a column, having capital, shaft, and base to agree with those of the columns of the same order. In most cases the projection from the wall is one third of its width, or less.
Pipistrelle (n.) A small European bat (Vesperugo pipistrellus); -- called also flittermouse.
Plebs (n.) The commonalty of ancient Rome who were citizens without the usual political rights; the plebeians; -- distinguished from the patricians.
Plebs (n.) Hence, the common people; the populace; -- construed as a pl.
Please (v. t.) To be the will or pleasure of; to seem good to; -- used impersonally.
Pleasure (n.) The gratification of the senses or of the mind; agreeable sensations or emotions; the excitement, relish, or happiness produced by the expectation or the enjoyment of something good, delightful, or satisfying; -- opposed to pain, sorrow, etc.
Pleasure (n.) Amusement; sport; diversion; self-indulgence; frivolous or dissipating enjoyment; hence, sensual gratification; -- opposed to labor, service, duty, self-denial, etc.
Podoscaph (n.) A canoe-shaped float attached to the foot, for walking on water.
Polystome (n.) An animal having many mouths; -- applied to Protozoa.
Polystyle (a.) Having many columns; -- said of a building, especially of an interior part or court; as, a polystyle hall.
Polysulphide (n.) A sulphide having more than one atom of sulphur in the molecule; -- contrasted with monosulphide.
Polysyllable (n.) A word of many syllables, or consisting of more syllables than three; -- words of less than four syllables being called monosyllables, dissyllables, and trisyllables.
Popish (a.) Of or pertaining to the pope; taught or ordained by the pope; hence, of or pertaining to the Roman Catholic Church; -- often used opprobriously.
Porosity (n.) The quality or state of being porous; -- opposed to density.
Potash (n.) The hydroxide of potassium hydrate, a hard white brittle substance, KOH, having strong caustic and alkaPressboard (n.) A kind of highly sized rag paper or board, sometimes containing a small admixture of wood pulp; -- so called because used originally, as now, in presses for pressing and finishing knit underwear.
Pressure (n.) Electro-motive force.
Presswork (n.) Work consisting of a series of cross-grained veneers united by glue, heat, and pressure.
Praisable (a.) Fit to be praised; praise-worthy; laudable; commendable.
Praise (v.) To commend; to applaud; to express approbation of; to laud; -- applied to a person or his acts.
Praise (v.) To extol in words or song; to magnify; to glorify on account of perfections or excellent works; to do honor to; to display the excellence of; -- applied especially to the Divine Being.
Pressor (a.) Causing, or giving rise to, pressure or to an increase of pressure; as, pressor nerve fibers, stimulation of which excites the vasomotor center, thus causing a stronger contraction of the arteries and consequently an increase of the arterial blood pressure; -- opposed to depressor.
Priestcap (n.) A form of redan, so named from its shape; -- called also swallowtail.
Priestery (n.) Priests, collectively; the priesthood; -- so called in contempt.
Proustite (n.) A sulphide of arsenic and silver of a beautiful cochineal-red color, occurring in rhombohedral crystals, and also massive; ruby silver.
Punish (v. t.) To deal with roughly or harshly; -- chiefly used with regard to a contest; as, our troops punished the enemy.
Punishable (a.) Deserving of, or liable to, punishment; capable of being punished by law or right; -- said of person or offenses.
Purism (n.) Rigid purity; the quality of being affectedly pure or nice, especially in the choice of language; over-solicitude as to purity.
Pyrosmalite (n.) A mineral, usually of a pale brown or of a gray or grayish green color, consisting chiefly of the hydrous silicate of iron and manganese; -- so called from the odor given off before the blowpipe.
Quass (n.) A thin, sour beer, made by pouring warm water on rye or barley meal and letting it ferment, -- much used by the Russians.
Quassin (n.) The bitter principle of quassia, extracted as a white crystalQuinsy (n.) An inflammation of the throat, or parts adjacent, especially of the fauces or tonsils, attended by considerable swelling, painful and impeded deglutition, and accompanied by inflammatory fever. It sometimes creates danger of suffocation; -- called also squinancy, and squinzey.
Rathskeller (n.) Orig., in Germany, the cellar or basement of the city hall, usually rented for use as a restaurant where beer is sold; hence, a beer saloon of the German type below the street level, where, usually, drinks are served only at tables and simple food may also be had; -- sometimes loosely used, in English, of what are essentially basement restaurants where liquors are served.
Radish (n.) The pungent fleshy root of a well-known cruciferous plant (Raphanus sativus); also, the whole plant.
Ravissant (a.) In a half-raised position, as if about to spring on prey.
Reabsorb (v. t.) To absorb again; to draw in, or imbibe, again what has been effused, extravasated, or thrown off; to swallow up again; as, to reabsorb chyle, lymph, etc.; -- used esp. of fluids.
Registering (a.) Recording; -- applied to instruments; having an apparatus which registers; as, a registering thermometer. See Recording.
Registrant (n.) One who registers; esp., one who , by virtue of securing an official registration, obtains a certain right or title of possession, as to a trade-mark.
Reins (n. pl.) The inward impulses; the affections and passions; -- so called because formerly supposed to have their seat in the part of the body where the kidneys are.
Repose (v.) To lay at rest; to cause to be calm or quiet; to compose; to rest, -- often reflexive; as, to repose one's self on a couch.
Repose (v.) That harmony or moderation which affords rest for the eye; -- opposed to the scattering and division of a subject into too many unconnected parts, and also to anything which is overstrained; as, a painting may want repose.
Revestiary (n.) The apartment, in a church or temple, where the vestments, etc., are kept; -- now contracted into vestry.
Remise (n.) A livery carriage of a kind superior to an ordinary fiacre; -- so called because kept in a remise.
Rhapsody (n.) A recitation or song of a rhapsodist; a portion of an epic poem adapted for recitation, or usually recited, at one time; hence, a division of the Iliad or the Odyssey; -- called also a book.
Romish (a.) Belonging or relating to Rome, or to the Roman Catholic Church; -- frequently used in a disparaging sense; as, the Romish church; the Romish religion, ritual, or ceremonies.
Roussette (n.) Any small shark of the genus Scyllium; -- called also dogfish. See Dogfish.
Rudistes (n. pl.) An extinct order or suborder of bivalve mollusks characteristic of the Cretaceous period; -- called also Rudista. See Illust. under Hippurite.
Seraskier (n.) A general or commander of land forces in the Turkish empire; especially, the commander-in-chief of minister of war.
Sinister (a.) On the left hand, or the side of the left hand; left; -- opposed to dexter, or right.
Sinister (a.) Unlucky; inauspicious; disastrous; injurious; evil; -- the left being usually regarded as the unlucky side; as, sinister influences.
Sinistral (a.) Having the whorls of the spire revolving or rising to the left; reversed; -- said of certain spiral shells.
Sinistrin (n.) A mucilaginous carbohydrate, resembling achroodextrin, extracted from squill as a colorless amorphous substance; -- so called because it is levorotatory.
Sinistrorse (a.) Turning to the left (of the spectator) in the ascending Slopseller (n.) One who sells slops, or ready-made clothes. See 4th Slop, 3.
Slopshop (n.) A shop where slops. or ready-made clothes, are sold.
Slugs (n. pl.) Half-roasted ore.
Snowshoe (n.) A slight frame of wood three or four feet long and about one third as wide, with thongs or cords stretched across it, and having a support and holder for the foot; -- used by persons for walking on soft snow.
Songster (n.) One who sings; one skilled in singing; -- not often applied to human beings.
Sparse (superl.) Placed irregularly and distantly; scattered; -- applied to branches, leaves, peduncles, and the like.
Spenserian (a.) Of or pertaining to the English poet Spenser; -- specifically applied to the stanza used in his poem "The Faerie Queene."
Spinster (n.) An unmarried or single woman; -- used in legal proceedings as a title, or addition to the surname.
Spinster (n.) A woman of evil life and character; -- so called from being forced to spin in a house of correction.
Splashboard (n.) A guard in the front part of vehicle, to prevent splashing by a mud or water from the horse's heels; -- in the United States commonly called dashboard.
Spousal (n.) Marriage; nuptials; espousal; -- generally used in the plural; as, the spousals of Hippolita.
Stayship (n.) A remora, -- fabled to stop ships by attaching itself to them.
Stress (n.) Pressure, strain; -- used chiefly of immaterial things; except in mechanics; hence, urgency; importance; weight; significance.
Stress (n.) Force of utterance expended upon words or syllables. Stress is in English the chief element in accent and is one of the most important in emphasis. See Guide to pronunciation, // 31-35.
Tabes (n.) Progressive emaciation of the body, accompained with hectic fever, with no well-marked logical symptoms.
Taxaspidean (a.) Having the posterior tarsal scales, or scutella, rectangular and arranged in regular rows; -- said of certain birds.
Tedesco (a.) German; -- used chiefly of art, literature, etc.
Teens (n. pl.) The years of one's age having the termination -teen, beginning with thirteen and ending with nineteen; as, a girl in her teens.
Telescopical (a.) Able to discern objects at a distance; farseeing; far-reaching; as, a telescopic eye; telescopic vision.
Tenesmus (n.) An urgent and distressing sensation, as if a discharge from the intestines must take place, although none can be effected; -- always referred to the lower extremity of the rectum.
Theist (n.) One who believes in the existence of a God; especially, one who believes in a personal God; -- opposed to atheist.
Thiosulphate (n.) A salt of thiosulphuric acid; -- formerly called hyposulphite.
Thomsonianism (n.) An empirical system which assumes that the human body is composed of four elements, earth, air, fire, and water, and that vegetable medicines alone should be used; -- from the founder, Dr. Samuel Thomson, of Massachusetts.
Thousandth (a.) Next in order after nine hundred and ninty-nine; coming last of a thousand successive individuals or units; -- the ordinal of thousand; as, the thousandth part of a thing.
Thousandth (a.) Occurring as being one of, or the last one of, a very great number; very small; minute; -- used hyperbolically; as, to do a thing for the thousandth time.
Thresher (n.) A large and voracious shark (Alopias vulpes), remarkable for the great length of the upper lobe of its tail, with which it beats, or thrashes, its prey. It is found both upon the American and the European coasts. Called also fox shark, sea ape, sea fox, slasher, swingle-tail, and thrasher shark.
Throstle (n.) A machine for spinning wool, cotton, etc., from the rove, consisting of a set of drawing rollers with bobbins and flyers, and differing from the mule in having the twisting apparatus stationary and the processes continuous; -- so called because it makes a singing noise.
Thrust (v. t.) To stab; to pierce; -- usually with through.
Thrust (n.) A violent push or driving, as with a pointed weapon moved in the direction of its length, or with the hand or foot, or with any instrument; a stab; -- a word much used as a term of fencing.
Thyrsus (n.) A species of inflorescence; a dense panicle, as in the lilac and horse-chestnut.
Timeserver (n.) One who adapts his opinions and manners to the times; one who obsequiously compiles with the ruling power; -- now used only in a bad sense.
Toadstone (n.) A local name for the igneous rocks of Derbyshire, England; -- said by some to be derived from the German todter stein, meaning dead stone, that is, stone which contains no ores.
Toadstool (n.) A name given to many umbrella-shaped fungi, mostly of the genus Agaricus. The species are almost numberless. They grow on decaying organic matter.
Tongs (n. pl.) An instrument, usually of metal, consisting of two parts, or long shafts, jointed together at or near one end, or united by an elastic bow, used for handling things, especially hot coals or metals; -- often called a pair of tongs.
Transalpine (a.) Being on the farther side of the Alps in regard to Rome, that is, on the north or west side of the Alps; of or pertaining to the region or the people beyond the Alps; as, transalpine Gaul; -- opposed to cisalpine.
Transcendent (a.) Transcending, or reaching beyond, the limits of human knowledge; -- applied to affirmations and speculations concerning what lies beyond the reach of the human intellect.
Transcribbler (n.) A transcriber; -- used in contempt.
Transcription (n.) An arrangement of a composition for some other instrument or voice than that for which it was originally written, as the translating of a song, a vocal or instrumental quartet, or even an orchestral work, into a piece for the piano; an adaptation; an arrangement; -- a name applied by modern composers for the piano to a more or less fanciful and ornate reproduction on their own instrument of a song or other piece not originally intended for it; as, Liszt's transcriptions of s>
Transfluent (a.) Passing or flowing through a bridge; -- said of water.
Transformism (n.) The hypothesis, or doctrine, that living beings have originated by the modification of some other previously existing forms of living matter; -- opposed to abiogenesis.
Transgressive (a.) Disposed or tending to transgress; faulty; culpable. -
Transit (n.) An instrument resembling a theodolite, used by surveyors and engineers; -- called also transit compass, and surveyor's transit.
Translation (n.) Motion in which all the points of the moving body have at any instant the same velocity and direction of motion; -- opposed to rotation.
Translunary (a.) Being or lying beyond the moon; hence, ethereal; -- opposed to sublunary.
Transmitter (n.) One who, or that which, transmits; specifically, that portion of a telegraphic or telephonic instrument by means of which a message is sent; -- opposed to receiver.
Transom (n.) One of the principal transverse timbers of the stern, bolted to the sternpost and giving shape to the stern structure; -- called also transsummer.
Transom (n.) The vane of a cross-staff.
Transpadane (a.) Lying or being on the further side of the river Po with reference to Rome, that is, on the north side; -- opposed to cispadane.
Transpalatine (a.) Situated beyond or outside the palatine bone; -- said of a bone in the skull of some reptiles.
Transparent (a.) Having the property of transmitting rays of light, so that bodies can be distinctly seen through; pervious to light; diaphanous; pellucid; as, transparent glass; a transparent diamond; -- opposed to opaque.
Transport (v.) A vessel employed for transporting, especially for carrying soldiers, warlike stores, or provisions, from one place to another, or to convey convicts to their destination; -- called also transport ship, transport vessel.
Transpose (v. t.) To bring, as any term of an equation, from one side over to the other, without destroying the equation; thus, if a + b = c, and we make a = c - b, then b is said to be transposed.
Transubstantiation (n.) The doctrine held by Roman Catholics, that the bread and wine in the Mass is converted into the body and blood of Christ; -- distinguished from consubstantiation, and impanation.
Transverse (a.) Lying or being across, or in a crosswise direction; athwart; -- often opposed to longitudinal.
Trass (n.) A white to gray volcanic tufa, formed of decomposed trachytic cinders; -- sometimes used as a cement. Hence, a coarse sort of plaster or mortar, durable in water, and used to Truism (n.) An undoubted or self-evident truth; a statement which is pliantly true; a proposition needing no proof or argument; -- opposed to falsism.
Truss (n.) To execute by hanging; to hang; -- usually with up.
Tsetse (n.) A venomous two-winged African fly (Glossina morsitans) whose bite is very poisonous, and even fatal, to horses and cattle, but harmless to men. It renders extensive districts in which it abounds uninhabitable during certain seasons of the year.
Tungsten (n.) A rare element of the chromium group found in certain minerals, as wolfram and scheelite, and isolated as a heavy steel-gray metal which is very hard and infusible. It has both acid and basic properties. When alloyed in small quantities with steel, it greatly increases its hardness. Symbol W (Wolframium). Atomic weight, 183.6. Specific gravity, 18.
Turnsole (a.) A plant of the genus Heliotropium; heliotrope; -- so named because its flowers are supposed to turn toward the sun.
Tyrosin (n.) A white crystalUnassented (a.) Not assented; -- said specif. of stocks or bonds the holders of which refuse to deposit them by way of assent to an agreement altering their status, as in a readjustment.
Unbosom (v. t.) To disclose freely; to reveal in confidence, as secrets; to confess; -- often used reflexively; as, to unbosom one's self.
Upcast (n.) The ventilating shaft of a mine out of which the air passes after having circulated through the mine; -- distinguished from the downcast. Called also upcast pit, and upcast shaft.
Vagus (a.) Wandering; -- applied especially to the pneumogastric nerve.
Variscite (n.) An apple-green mineral occurring in reniform masses. It is a hydrous phosphate of alumina.
Veinstone (n.) The nonmetalliferous mineral or rock material which accompanies the ores in a vein, as quartz, calcite, barite, fluor spar, etc.; -- called also veinstuff.
Venus (n.) The metal copper; -- probably so designated from the ancient use of the metal in making mirrors, a mirror being still the astronomical symbol of the planet Venus.
Vinasse (n.) The waste liquor remaining in the process of making beet sugar, -- used in the manufacture of potassium carbonate.
Virus (v. i.) Contagious or poisonous matter, as of specific ulcers, the bite of snakes, etc.; -- applied to organic poisons.
Whinstone (n.) A provincial name given in England to basaltic rocks, and applied by miners to other kind of dark-colored unstratified rocks which resist the point of the pick. -- for example, to masses of chert. Whin-dikes, and whin-sills, are names sometimes given to veins or beds of basalt.
Whipstitch (n.) A tailor; -- so called in contempt.
Whitsunday (n.) The seventh Sunday, and the fiftieth day, after Easter; a festival of the church in commemoration of the descent of the Holy Spirit on the day of Pentecost; Pentecost; -- so called, it is said, because, in the primitive church, those who had been newly baptized appeared at church between Easter and Pentecost in white garments.
Whitsuntide (n.) The week commencing with Whitsunday, esp. the first three days -- Whitsunday, Whitsun Monday, and Whitsun Tuesday; the time of Pentecost.
Woolsey (n.) Linsey-woolsey.
Wrasse (n.) Any one of numerous edible, marine, spiny-finned fishes of the genus Labrus, of which several species are found in the Mediterranean and on the Atlantic coast of Europe. Many of the species are bright-colored.
Xyris (n.) A genus of endogenous herbs with grassy leaves and small yellow flowers in short, scaly-bracted spikes; yellow-eyed grass. There are about seventeen species in the Atlantic United States.
Yourself (pron.) An emphasized or reflexive form of the pronoun of the second person; -- used as a subject commonly with you; as, you yourself shall see it; also, alone in the predicate, either in the nominative or objective case; as, you have injured yourself.
Zygospore (n.) A spore formed by the union of several zoospores; -- called also zygozoospore.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken
, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".