Words whose 5th letter is T
Abactinal (a.) Pertaining to the surface or end opposite to the mouth in a radiate animal; -- opposed to actinal.
Ablative (a.) Applied to one of the cases of the noun in Latin and some other languages, -- the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away.
Abortive (v.) Made from the skin of a still-born animal; as, abortive vellum.
About (prep.) Near; not far from; -- determining approximately time, size, quantity.
About (adv.) Nearly; approximately; with close correspondence, in quality, manner, degree, etc.; as, about as cold; about as high; -- also of quantity, number, time.
Acanthophorous (a.) Spine-bearing.
Acanthopterous (a.) Spiny-winged.
Acanthopterygian (n.) A spiny-finned fish.
Acanthopterygious (a.) Having fins in which the rays are hard and spinelike; spiny-finned.
Acanthus (n.) A genus of herbaceous prickly plants, found in the south of Europe, Asia Minor, and India; bear's-breech.
Acanthus (n.) An ornament resembling the foliage or leaves of the acanthus (Acanthus spinosus); -- used in the capitals of the Corinthian and Composite orders.
Acuate (a.) Sharpened; sharp-pointed.
Adapt (v. t.) To make suitable; to fit, or suit; to adjust; to alter so as to fit for a new use; -- sometimes followed by to or for.
Addition (n.) The act of adding two or more things together; -- opposed to subtraction or diminution.
Addition (n.) Something added to a coat of arms, as a mark of honor; -- opposed to abatement.
Additive (a.) Proper to be added; positive; -- opposed to subtractive.
Adjutant (n.) A species of very large stork (Ciconia argala), a native of India; -- called also the gigantic crane, and by the native name argala. It is noted for its serpent-destroying habits.
Adnate (a.) Growing together; -- said only of organic cohesion of unlike parts.
Adnate (a.) Growing with one side adherent to a stem; -- a term applied to the lateral zooids of corals and other compound animals.
Agent (a.) Acting; -- opposed to patient, or sustaining, action.
Agist (v. t.) To take to graze or pasture, at a certain sum; -- used originally of the feeding of cattle in the king's forests, and collecting the money for the same.
Agistor (n.) Formerly, an officer of the king's forest, who had the care of cattle agisted, and collected the money for the same; -- hence called gisttaker, which in England is corrupted into guest-taker.
Ailette (n.) A small square shield, formerly worn on the shoulders of knights, -- being the prototype of the modern epaulet.
Albatross (n.) A web-footed bird, of the genus Diomedea, of which there are several species. They are the largest of sea birds, capable of long-continued flight, and are often seen at great distances from the land. They are found chiefly in the southern hemisphere.
Alliteration (n.) The repetition of the same letter at the beginning of two or more words immediately succeeding each other, or at short intervals; as in the following Allotrophic (a.) Dependent upon other organisms for nutrition; heterotrophic; -- said of plants unable to perform photosynthesis, as all saprophytes; -- opposed to autotrophic.
Ambitious (a.) Strongly desirous; -- followed by of or the infinitive; as, ambitious to be or to do something.
Ammite (n.) Oolite or roestone; -- written also hammite.
Anastigmatic (a.) Not astigmatic; -- said esp. of a lens system which consists of a converging lens and a diverging lens of equal and opposite astigmatism but different focal lengths, and sensibly free from astigmatism.
Anorthoclase (n.) A feldspar closely related to orthoclase, but triclinic. It is chiefly a silicate of sodium, potassium, and aluminium. Sp. gr., 2.57 -- 2.60.
Anorthosite (n.) A granular igneous rock composed almost exclusively of a soda-lime feldspar, usually labradorite.
Anarthropoda (n. pl.) One of the divisions of Articulata in which there are no jointed legs, as the annelids; -- opposed to Arthropoda.
Anastate (n.) One of a series of substances formed, in secreting cells, by constructive or anabolic processes, in the production of protoplasm; -- opposed to katastate.
Annotate (v. i.) To make notes or comments; -- with on or upon.
Aristotype (n.) Orig., a printing-out process using paper coated with silver chloride in gelatin; now, any such process using silver salts in either collodion or gelatin; also, a print so made.
Annotation (n.) A note, added by way of comment, or explanation; -- usually in the plural; as, annotations on ancient authors, or on a word or a passage.
Arnotto (n.) A red or yellowish-red dyeing material, prepared from the pulp surrounding the seeds of a tree (Bixa orellana) belonging to the tropical regions of America. It is used for coloring cheese, butter, etc.
Antitoxine (n.) A substance (sometimes the product of a specific micro-organism and sometimes naturally present in the blood or tissues of an animal), capable of producing immunity from certain diseases, or of counteracting the poisonous effects of pathogenic bacteria.
Aperture (n.) The diameter of the exposed part of the object glass of a telescope or other optical instrument; as, a telescope of four-inch aperture.
Aport (adv.) On or towards the port or left side; -- said of the helm.
Appetency (n.) Natural tendency; affinity; attraction; -- used of inanimate objects.
Arietation (n.) The act of butting like a ram; act of using a battering-ram.
Aristotelian (a.) Of or pertaining to Aristotle, the famous Greek philosopher (384-322 b. c.).
Armature (n.) A piece of soft iron used to connect the two poles of a magnet, or electro-magnet, in order to complete the circuit, or to receive and apply the magnetic force. In the ordinary horseshoe magnet, it serves to prevent the dissipation of the magnetic force.
Ascetic (a.) Extremely rigid in self-denial and devotions; austere; severe.
Ascetic (n.) In the early church, one who devoted himself to a solitary and contemplative life, characterized by devotion, extreme self-denial, and self-mortification; a hermit; a recluse; hence, one who practices extreme rigor and self-denial in religious things.
Assets (n. pl.) Property of a deceased person, subject by law to the payment of his debts and legacies; -- called assets because sufficient to render the executor or administrator liable to the creditors and legatees, so far as such goods or estate may extend.
Assets (n. pl.) The entire property of all sorts, belonging to a person, a corporation, or an estate; as, the assets of a merchant or a trading association; -- opposed to liabilities.
Augite (n.) A variety of pyroxene, usually of a black or dark green color, occurring in igneous rocks, such as basalt; -- also used instead of the general term pyroxene.
Aurated (a.) Resembling or containing gold; gold-colored; gilded.
Autotoxication (n.) Same as Auto-intoxication.
Autotransformer (n.) A transformer in which part of the primary winding is used as a secondary winding, or vice versa; -- called also a compensator or balancing coil.
Autotrophic (a.) Capable of self-nourishment; -- said of all plants in which photosynthetic activity takes place, as opposed to parasitism or saprophytism.
Autotheism (n.) The doctrine of God's self-existence.
Autotheism (n.) Deification of one's self; self-worship.
Autotheist (n.) One given to self-worship.
Avestan (n.) The language of the Avesta; -- less properly called Zend.
Aviate (v. i.) To fly, or navigate the air, in an aeroplane or heavier-than-air flying machine.
Aviator (n.) The driver or pilot of an aeroplane, or heavier-than-air flying machine.
Aviette (n.) A heavier-than-air flying machine in which the motive power is furnished solely by the aviator.
Aventurine (n.) A kind of glass, containing gold-colored spangles. It was produced in the first place by the accidental (par aventure) dropping of some brass filings into a pot of melted glass.
Avesta (n.) The Zoroastrian scriptures. See Zend-Avesta.
Aweather (adv.) On the weather side, or toward the wind; in the direction from which the wind blows; -- opposed to alee; as, helm aweather!
Banstickle (n.) A small fish, the three-spined stickleback.
Beast (n.) Any living creature; an animal; -- including man, insects, etc.
Beast (n.) Any four-footed animal, that may be used for labor, food, or sport; as, a beast of burden.
Beget (v. t.) To procreate, as a father or sire; to generate; -- commonly said of the father.
Benitier (n.) A holy-water stoup.
Beset (v. t.) To set upon on all sides; to perplex; to harass; -- said of dangers, obstacles, etc.
Bigotry (n.) The state of mind of a bigot; obstinate and unreasoning attachment of one's own belief and opinions, with narrow-minded intolerance of beliefs opposed to them.
Bimetallism (n.) The legalized use of two metals (as gold and silver) in the currency of a country, at a fixed relative value; -- in opposition to monometallism.
Bizet (n.) The upper faceted portion of a brilliant-cut diamond, which projects from the setting and occupies the zone between the girdle and the table. See Brilliant, n.
Blast (v. t.) To injure, as by a noxious wind; to cause to wither; to stop or check the growth of, and prevent from fruit-bearing, by some pernicious influence; to blight; to shrivel.
Bloater (n.) The common herring, esp. when of large size, smoked, and half dried; -- called also bloat herring.
Blowtube (n.) A long wrought iron tube, on the end of which the workman gathers a quantity of "metal" (melted glass), and through which he blows to expand or shape it; -- called also blowing tube, and blowpipe.
Bluethroat (n.) A singing bird of northern Europe and Asia (Cyanecula Suecica), related to the nightingales; -- called also blue-throated robin and blue-throated warbler.
Blunt (a.) Dull in understanding; slow of discernment; stupid; -- opposed to acute.
Blurt (v. t.) To utter suddenly and unadvisedly; to divulge inconsiderately; to ejaculate; -- commonly with out.
Boast (v. t.) To display in ostentatious language; to speak of with pride, vanity, or exultation, with a view to self-commendation; to extol.
Boast (n.) The cause of boasting; occasion of pride or exultation, -- sometimes of laudable pride or exultation.
Boaster (n.) A stone mason's broad-faced chisel.
Boastful (a.) Given to, or full of, boasting; incBobstay (n.) A rope or chain to confine the bowsprit of a ship downward to the stem or cutwater; -- usually in the pl.
Bolster (n.) A long pillow or cushion, used to support the head of a person lying on a bed; -- generally laid under the pillows.
Bolster (v. t.) To support, hold up, or maintain with difficulty or unusual effort; -- often with up.
Booster (n.) An instrument for regulating the electro-motive force in an alternating-current circuit; -- so called because used to "boost", or raise, the pressure in the circuit.
Brant (n.) A species of wild goose (Branta bernicla) -- called also brent and brand goose. The name is also applied to other related species.
Brantail (n.) The European redstart; -- so called from the red color of its tail.
Breathe (v. t.) To inject by breathing; to infuse; -- with into.
Bristle (v. t.) To erect the bristles of; to cause to stand up, as the bristles of an angry hog; -- sometimes with up.
Brontotherium (n.) A genus of large extinct mammals from the miocene strata of western North America. They were allied to the rhinoceros, but the skull bears a pair of powerful horn cores in front of the orbits, and the fore feet were four-toed. See Illustration in Appendix.
Brontozoum (n.) An extinct animal of large size, known from its three-toed footprints in Mesozoic sandstone.
Built (a.) Formed; shaped; constructed; made; -- often used in composition and preceded by the word denoting the form; as, frigate-built, clipper-built, etc.
Bumptious (a.) Self-conceited; forward; pushing.
Burst (v. i.) To exert force or pressure by which something is made suddenly to give way; to break through obstacles or limitations; hence, to appear suddenly and unexpectedly or unaccountably, or to depart in such manner; -- usually with some qualifying adverb or preposition, as forth, out, away, into, upon, through, etc.
Calotype (n.) A method of taking photographic pictures, on paper sensitized with iodide of silver; -- also called Talbotype, from the inventor, Mr. Fox. Talbot.
Capstone (n.) A fossil echinus of the genus Cannulus; -- so called from its supposed resemblance to a cap.
Carat (n.) A twenty-fourth part; -- a term used in estimating the proportionate fineness of gold.
Cavatina (n.) Originally, a melody of simpler form than the aria; a song without a second part and a da capo; -- a term now variously and vaguely used.
Cavetto (n.) A concave molding; -- used chiefly in classical architecture. See Illust. of Column.
Cenation (n.) Meal-taking; dining or supping.
Cerite (n.) A gastropod shell belonging to the family Cerithiidae; -- so called from its hornlike form.
Cerite (n.) A mineral of a brownish of cherry-red color, commonly massive. It is a hydrous silicate of cerium and allied metals.
Cerotin (n.) A white crystalChaetognatha (n. pl.) An order of free-swimming marine worms, of which the genus Sagitta is the type. They have groups of curved spines on each side of the head.
Chartaceous (a.) Resembling paper or parchment; of paper-like texture; papery.
Chartism (n.) The principles of a political party in England (1838-48), which contended for universal suffrage, the vote by ballot, annual parliaments, equal electoral districts, and other radical reforms, as set forth in a document called the People's Charter.
Chartreuse (n.) An alcoholic cordial, distilled from aromatic herbs; -- made at La Grande Chartreuse.
Chatterer (n.) A bird of the family Ampelidae -- so called from its monotonous note. The Bohemion chatterer (Ampelis garrulus) inhabits the arctic regions of both continents. In America the cedar bird is a more common species. See Bohemian chatterer, and Cedar bird.
Cheat (n.) A troublesome grass, growing as a weed in grain fields; -- called also chess. See Chess.
Chested (a.) Having (such) a chest; -- in composition; as, broad-chested; narrow-chested.
Chestnut (n.) The tree itself, or its light, coarse-grained timber, used for ornamental work, furniture, etc.
Cincture (n.) A belt, a girdle, or something worn round the body, -- as by an ecclesiastic for confining the alb.
Cisatlantic (a.) On this side of the Atlantic Ocean; -- used of the eastern or the western side, according to the standpoint of the writer.
Civet (n.) The animal that produces civet (Viverra civetta); -- called also civet cat. It is carnivorous, from two to three feet long, and of a brownish gray color, with transverse black bands and spots on the body and tail. It is a native of northern Africa and of Asia. The name is also applied to other species.
Cloot (n.) The Devil; Clootie; -- usually in the pl.
Claytonia (n.) An American genus of perennial herbs with delicate blossoms; -- sometimes called spring beauty.
Clout (n.) The center of the butt at which archers shoot; -- probably once a piece of white cloth or a nail head.
Coaita (n.) The native name of certain South American monkeys of the genus Ateles, esp. A. paniscus. The black-faced coaita is Ateles ater. See Illustration in Appendix.
Comitiva (n.) A body of followers; -- applied to the lawless or brigand bands in Italy and Sicily.
Cocktail (n.) A mean, half-hearted fellow; a coward.
Cocktail (n.) A species of rove beetle; -- so called from its habit of elevating the tail.
Cointension (n.) The condition of being of equal in intensity; -- applied to relations; as, 3:6 and 6:12 are relations of cointension.
Coaltit (n.) A small European titmouse (Parus ater), so named from its black color; -- called also coalmouse and colemouse.
Comatula (n.) A crinoid of the genus Antedon and related genera. When young they are fixed by a stem. When adult they become detached and cling to seaweeds, etc., by their dorsal cirri; -- called also feather stars.
Constant (v. t.) Firm; solid; fixed; immovable; -- opposed to fluid.
Constant (n.) A quantity that does not change its value; -- used in countradistinction to variable.
Constituent (n.) One for whom another acts; especially, one who is represented by another in a legislative assembly; -- correlative to representative.
Count (v. i.) To reckon; to rely; to depend; -- with on or upon.
Count (v. i.) To take account or note; -- with
Counter (v. t.) Money; coin; -- used in contempt.
Counter (adv.) Contrary; in opposition; in an opposite direction; contrariwise; -- used chiefly with run or go.
Counter (adv.) The after part of a vessel's body, from the water Counterbore (n.) A flat-bottomed cylindrical enlargement of the mouth of a hole, usually of slight depth, as for receiving a cylindrical screw head.
Counterbore (n.) A kind of pin drill with the cutting edge or edges normal to the axis; -- used for enlarging a hole, or for forming a flat-bottomed recess at its mouth.
Countercaster (n.) A caster of accounts; a reckoner; a bookkeeper; -- used contemptuously.
Counterflory (a.) Adorned with flowers (usually fleurs-de-lis) so divided that the tops appear on one side and the bottoms on the others; -- said of any ordinary.
Counterfoil (n.) That part of a tally, formerly in the exchequer, which was kept by an officer in that court, the other, called the stock, being delivered to the person who had lent the king money on the account; -- called also counterstock.
Counterjumper (n.) A salesman in a shop; a shopman; -- used contemptuously.
Counterpane (n.) A duplicate part or copy of an indenture, deed, etc., corresponding with the original; -- now called counterpart.
Counterpassant (a.) Passant in opposite directions; -- said of two animals.
Countersunk (p. p. & a.) Chamfered at the top; -- said of a hole.
Counterterm (n.) A term or word which is the opposite of, or antithesis to, another; an antonym; -- the opposite of synonym; as, "foe" is the counterterm of "friend".
Countryman (n.) One born in the same country with another; a compatriot; -- used with a possessive pronoun.
County (n.) A circuit or particular portion of a state or kingdom, separated from the rest of the territory, for certain purposes in the administration of justice and public affairs; -- called also a shire. See Shire.
Courtehouse (n.) A county town; -- so called in Virginia and some others of the Southern States.
Courtship (n.) Court policy; the character of a courtier; artifice of a court; court-craft; finesse.
Covet (v. t.) To wish for with eagerness; to desire possession of; -- used in a good sense.
Covetous (v. t.) Very desirous; eager to obtain; -- used in a good sense.
Covetous (v. t.) Inordinately desirous; excessively eager to obtain and possess (esp. money); avaricious; -- in a bad sense.
Covetousness (n.) A strong or inordinate desire of obtaining and possessing some supposed good; excessive desire for riches or money; -- in a bad sense.
Coyote (n.) A carnivorous animal (Canis latrans), allied to the dog, found in the western part of North America; -- called also prairie wolf. Its voice is a snapping bark, followed by a prolonged, shrill howl.
Craft (n.) A vessel; vessels of any kind; -- generally used in a collective sense.
Crastination (n.) Procrastination; a putting off till to-morrow.
Creationism (n.) The doctrine that a soul is specially created for each human being as soon as it is formed in the womb; -- opposed to traducianism.
Creature (n.) Anything created; anything not self-existent; especially, any being created with life; an animal; a man.
Crestfallen (a.) Having the crest, or upper part of the neck, hanging to one side; -- said of a horse.
Crust (n.) The dough, or mass of doughy paste, cooked with a potpie; -- also called dumpling.
Crustacea (n. pl.) One of the classes of the arthropods, including lobsters and crabs; -- so called from the crustlike shell with which they are covered.
CryptocrystalCrystal (n.) The material of quartz, in crystallization transparent or nearly so, and either colorless or slightly tinged with gray, or the like; -- called also rock crystal. Ornamental vessels are made of it. Cf. Smoky quartz, Pebble; also Brazilian pebble, under Brazilian.
Crystallogenical (a.) Pertaining to the production of crystals; crystal-producing; as, crystallogenic attraction.
Crystalloid (a.) Crystal-like; transparent like crystal.
Crystalloid (n.) A body which, in solution, diffuses readily through animal membranes, and generally is capable of being crystallized; -- opposed to colloid.
Crystalloid (n.) One of the microscopic particles resembling crystals, consisting of protein matter, which occur in certain plant cells; -- called also protein crystal.
Cunctipotent (a.) All-powerful; omnipotent.
Cunette (n.) A drain trench, in a ditch or moat; -- called also cuvette.
Dainty (superl.) Nice; delicate; elegant, in form, manner, or breeding; well-formed; neat; tender.
Dakotas (n. pl) An extensive race or stock of Indians, including many tribes, mostly dwelling west of the Mississippi River; -- also, in part, called Sioux.
Davit (n.) A spar formerly used on board of ships, as a crane to hoist the flukes of the anchor to the top of the bow, without injuring the sides of the ship; -- called also the fish davit.
Davit (n.) Curved arms of timber or iron, projecting over a ship's side of stern, having tackle to raise or lower a boat, swing it in on deck, rig it out for lowering, etc.; -- called also boat davits.
Decathlon (n.) In the modern Olympic Games, a composite contest consisting of a 100-meter run, a broad jump, putting the shot, a running high-jump, a 400-meter run, throwing the discus, a 100-meter hurdle race, pole vaulting, throwing the javelin, and a 1500-meter run.
Demit (v. i.) To lay down or relinquish an office, membership, authority, or the like; to resign, as from a Masonic lodge; -- generally used with an implication that the act is voluntary.
Demotics (n.) The department of knowledge relative to the care and culture of the people; sociology in its broadest sense; -- in library cataloguing.
Debate (v. i.) To contend in words; to dispute; hence, to deliberate; to consider; to discuss or examine different arguments in the mind; -- often followed by on or upon.
Debit (n.) A debt; an entry on the debtor (Dr.) side of an account; -- mostly used adjectively; as, the debit side of an account.
Debit (v. t.) To charge with debt; -- the opposite of, and correlative to, credit; as, to debit a purchaser for the goods sold.
Deictic (a.) Direct; proving directly; -- applied to reasoning, and opposed to elenchtic or refutative.
Deletitious (a.) Of such a nature that anything may be erased from it; -- said of paper.
Derotremata (n. pl.) The tribe of aquatic Amphibia which includes Amphiuma, Menopoma, etc. They have permanent gill openings, but no external gills; -- called also Cryptobranchiata.
Devote (v. t.) To give up wholly; to addict; to direct the attention of wholly or compound; to attach; -- often with a reflexive pronoun; as, to devote one's self to science, to one's friends, to piety, etc.
Diaster (n.) A double star; -- applied to the nucleus of a cell, when, during cell division, the loops of the nuclear network separate into two groups, preparatory to the formation of two daughter nuclei. See Karyokinesis.
Diastole (n.) The rhythmical expansion or dilatation of the heart and arteries; -- correlative to systole, or contraction.
Dibutyl (n.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C8H18, of the marsh-gas series, being one of several octanes, and consisting of two butyl radicals. Cf. Octane.
Digit (n.) One of the ten figures or symbols, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, by which all numbers are expressed; -- so called because of the use of the fingers in counting and computing.
Digit (n.) One twelfth part of the diameter of the sun or moon; -- a term used to express the quantity of an eclipse; as, an eclipse of eight digits is one which hides two thirds of the diameter of the disk.
Digitiform (a.) Formed like a finger or fingers; finger-shaped; as, a digitiform root.
Digitigrade (a.) Walking on the toes; -- distinguished from plantigrade.
Digitigrade (n.) An animal that walks on its toes, as the cat, lion, wolf, etc.; -- distinguished from a plantigrade, which walks on the palm of the foot.
Digitorium (n.) A small dumb keyboard used by pianists for exercising the fingers; -- called also dumb piano.
Dilatability (n.) The quality of being dilatable, or admitting expansion; -- opposed to contractibility.
Dilatable (a.) Capable of expansion; that may be dilated; -- opposed to contractible; as, the lungs are dilatable by the force of air; air is dilatable by heat.
Dilate (v. t.) To expand; to distend; to enlarge or extend in all directions; to swell; -- opposed to contract; as, the air dilates the lungs; air is dilated by increase of heat.
Dilate (v. i.) To speak largely and copiously; to dwell in narration; to enlarge; -- with on or upon.
Dilatory (a.) Marked by procrastination or delay; tardy; slow; sluggish; -- said of actions or measures.
Dimethyl (n.) Ethane; -- sometimes so called because regarded as consisting of two methyl radicals. See Ethane.
Dimity (n.) A cotton fabric employed for hangings and furniture coverings, and formerly used for women's under-garments. It is of many patterns, both plain and twilled, and occasionally is printed in colors.
Dioptase (n.) A hydrous silicate of copper, occurring in emerald-green crystals.
Dioptrics (n.) The science of the refraction of light; that part of geometrical optics which treats of the laws of the refraction of light in passing from one medium into another, or through different mediums, as air, water, or glass, and esp. through different lenses; -- distinguished from catoptrics, which refers to reflected light.
Dipetalous (a.) Having two petals; two-petaled.
Diphthong (n.) A coalition or union of two vowel sounds pronounced in one syllable; as, ou in out, oi in noise; -- called a proper diphthong.
Diphthong (n.) A vowel digraph; a union of two vowels in the same syllable, only one of them being sounded; as, ai in rain, eo in people; -- called an improper diphthong.
Domite (n.) A grayish variety of trachyte; -- so called from the Puy-de-Dome in Auvergne, France, where it is found.
Dowitcher (n.) The red-breasted or gray snipe (Macrorhamphus griseus); -- called also brownback, and grayback.
Drastic (a.) Acting rapidly and violently; efficacious; powerful; -- opposed to bland; as, drastic purgatives.
Drift (n.) The place in a deep-waisted vessel where the sheer is raised and the rail is cut off, and usually terminated with a scroll, or driftpiece.
Ecostate (a.) Having no ribs or nerves; -- said of a leaf.
Edentata (n. pl.) An order of mammals including the armadillos, sloths, and anteaters; -- called also Bruta. The incisor teeth are rarely developed, and in some groups all the teeth are lacking.
Effet (n.) The common newt; -- called also asker, eft, evat, and ewt.
Egesta (n. pl.) That which is egested or thrown off from the body by the various excretory channels; excrements; -- opposed to ingesta.
Eightieth (a.) The next in order after seventy-ninth.
Eject (v. t.) An object that is a conscious or living object, and hence not a direct object, but an inferred object or act of a subject, not myself; -- a term invented by W. K. Clifford.
Ejector (n.) That part of the mechanism of a breech-loading firearm which ejects the empty shell.
Election (a.) Divine choice; predestination of individuals as objects of mercy and salvation; -- one of the "five points" of Calvinism.
Electrocute (v. t.) To execute or put to death by electricity. -- E*lec`tro*cu"tion, n. [Recent; Newspaper words]
Electromotor (n.) An apparatus or machine for producing motion and mechanical effects by the action of electricity; an electro-magnetic engine.
Electrotonic (a.) Of or pertaining to electrical tension; -- said of a supposed peculiar condition of a conducting circuit during its exposure to the action of another conducting circuit traversed by a uniform electric current when both circuits remain stationary.
Electron () One of those particles, having about one thousandth the mass of a hydrogen atom, which are projected from the cathode of a vacuum tube as the cathode rays and from radioactive substances as the beta rays; -- called also corpuscle. The electron carries (or is) a natural unit of negative electricity, equal to 3.4 x 10-10 electrostatic units. It has been detected only when in rapid motion; its mass, which is electromagnetic, is practically constant at the lesser speeds, but increases >
Eluctate (v. i.) To struggle out; -- with out.
Embattled (a.) Having the edge broken like battlements; -- said of a bearing such as a fess, bend, or the like.
Emmetropia (n.) That refractive condition of the eye in which the rays of light are all brought accurately and without undue effort to a focus upon the retina; -- opposed to hypermetropia, myopia, an astigmatism.
Enantiomorphous (a.) Similar, but not superposable, i. e., related to each other as a right-handed to a left-handed glove; -- said of certain hemihedral crystals.
Enantiopathy (n.) Allopathy; -- a term used by followers of Hahnemann, or homeopathists.
Endothermic (a.) Designating, or pert. to, a reaction which occurs with absorption of heat; formed by such a reaction; as, an endothermic substance; -- opposed to exothermic.
Ensate (a.) Having sword-shaped leaves, or appendages; ensiform.
Epanthous (a.) Growing upon flowers; -- said of certain species of fungi.
Eparterial (a.) Situated upon or above an artery; -- applied esp. to the branches of the bronchi given off above the point where the pulmonary artery crosses the bronchus.
Epiotic (n.) The upper and outer element of periotic bone, -- in man forming a part of the temporal bone.
Epistle (n.) A writing directed or sent to a person or persons; a written communication; a letter; -- applied usually to formal, didactic, or elegant letters.
Epistyle (n.) A massive piece of stone or wood laid immediately on the abacus of the capital of a column or pillar; -- now called architrave.
Equator (n.) The great circle of the celestial sphere, coincident with the plane of the earth's equator; -- so called because when the sun is in it, the days and nights are of equal length; hence called also the equinoctial, and on maps, globes, etc., the equinoctial Equitant (a.) Overlapping each other; -- said of leaves whose bases are folded so as to overlap and bestride the leaves within or above them, as in the iris.
Ergot (n.) A diseased condition of rye and other cereals, in which the grains become black, and often spur-shaped. It is caused by a parasitic fungus, Claviceps purpurea.
Eristalis (n.) A genus of dipterous insects whose young (called rat-tailed larvae) are remarkable for their long tapering tail, which spiracles at the tip, and for their ability to live in very impure and salt waters; -- also called drone fly.
Erratic (a.) Having no certain course; roving about without a fixed destination; wandering; moving; -- hence, applied to the planets as distinguished from the fixed stars.
Estate (n.) The state; the general body politic; the common-wealth; the general interest; state affairs.
Eulytite (n.) A mineral, consisting chiefly of the silicate of bismuth, found at Freiberg; -- called also culytine.
Eupittone (n.) A yellow, crystalExact (a.) To demand or require authoritatively or peremptorily, as a right; to enforce the payment of, or a yielding of; to compel to yield or to furnish; hence, to wrest, as a fee or reward when none is due; -- followed by from or of before the one subjected to exaction; as, to exact tribute, fees, obedience, etc., from or of some one.
Exaltate (a.) Exercising its highest influence; -- said of a planet.
Exanthema (n.) An efflorescence or discoloration of the skin; an eruption or breaking out, as in measles, smallpox, scarlatina, and the like diseases; -- sometimes limited to eruptions attended with fever.
Exarticulate (a.) Having but one joint; -- said of certain insects.
Exaltation (n.) An abnormal sense of personal well-being, power, or importance, -- a symptom observed in various forms of insanity.
Excite (v. t.) To energize (an electro-magnet); to produce a magnetic field in; as, to excite a dynamo.
Exertion (n.) The act of exerting, or putting into motion or action; the active exercise of any power or faculty; an effort, esp. a laborious or perceptible effort; as, an exertion of strength or power; an exertion of the limbs or of the mind; it is an exertion for him to move, to-day.
Exfetation (n) Imperfect fetation in some organ exterior to the uterus; extra-uterine fetation.
Exoptile (n.) A name given by Lestiboudois to dicotyledons; -- so called because the plumule is naked.
Fagotto (n.) The bassoon; -- so called from being divided into parts for ease of carriage, making, as it were, a small fagot.
Faint (v. i.) To become weak or wanting in vigor; to grow feeble; to lose strength and color, and the control of the bodily or mental functions; to swoon; -- sometimes with away. See Fainting, n.
Faintling (a.) Timorous; feeble-minded.
Faintness (n.) The state of being faint; loss of strength, or of consciousness, and self-control.
Faintness (n.) Faint-heartedness; timorousness; dejection.
Faints (n.pl.) The impure spirit which comes over first and last in the distillation of whisky; -- the former being called the strong faints, and the latter, which is much more abundant, the weak faints. This crude spirit is much impregnated with fusel oil.
Farctate (v. t.) Stuffed; filled solid; as, a farctate leaf, stem, or pericarp; -- opposed to tubular or hollow.
Fault (v. t.) To interrupt the continuity of (rock strata) by displacement along a plane of fracture; -- chiefly used in the p. p.; as, the coal beds are badly faulted.
Feint (a.) A mock blow or attack on one part when another part is intended to be struck; -- said of certain movements in fencing, boxing, war, etc.
Fight (v. i.) To strive or contend for victory, with armies or in single combat; to attempt to defeat, subdue, or destroy an enemy, either by blows or weapons; to contend in arms; -- followed by with or against.
Finite (a.) Having a limit; limited in quantity, degree, or capacity; bounded; -- opposed to infinite; as, finite number; finite existence; a finite being; a finite mind; finite duration.
Firetail (n.) The European redstart; -- called also fireflirt.
First (n.) The upper part of a duet, trio, etc., either vocal or instrumental; -- so called because it generally expresses the air, and has a preeminence in the combined effect.
Firstling (n.) The first produce or offspring; -- said of animals, especially domestic animals; as, the firstlings of his flock.
Firstly (adv.) In the first place; before anything else; -- sometimes improperly used for first.
Fisetin (n.) A yellow crystalFixation (n.) The act of uniting chemically with a solid substance or in a solid form; reduction to a non-volatile condition; -- said of gaseous elements.
Fixation (n.) A state of resistance to evaporation or volatilization by heat; -- said of metals.
Fleet (v. i.) To move or change in position; -- said of persons; as, the crew fleeted aft.
Floating (n.) The process of rendering oysters and scallops plump by placing them in fresh or brackish water; -- called also fattening, plumping, and laying out.
Flatter (n.) A flat-faced fulling hammer.
Flatter (v. t.) To treat with praise or blandishments; to gratify or attempt to gratify the self-love or vanity of, esp. by artful and interested commendation or attentions; to blandish; to cajole; to wheedle.
Fleet (n. & a.) To slip on the whelps or the barrel of a capstan or windlass; -- said of a cable or hawser.
Fleet (v. t.) To draw apart the blocks of; -- said of a tackle.
Fleet (v. i.) A flood; a creek or inlet; a bay or estuary; a river; -- obsolete, except as a place name, -- as Fleet Street in London.
Flint (n.) A piece of flint for striking fire; -- formerly much used, esp. in the hammers of gun locks.
Flintlock (n.) A hand firearm fitted with a flintlock; esp., the old-fashioned musket of European and other armies.
Flittermouse (n.) A bat; -- called also flickermouse, flindermouse, and flintymouse.
Float (v. i.) The hollow, metallic ball of a self-acting faucet, which floats upon the water in a cistern or boiler.
Float (v. i.) A single-cut file for smoothing; a tool used by shoemakers for rasping off pegs inside a shoe.
Float (v. t.) To support and sustain the credit of, as a commercial scheme or a joint-stock company, so as to enable it to go into, or continue in, operation.
Floating (n.) The second coat of three-coat plastering.
Flout (v. i.) To practice mocking; to behave with contempt; to sneer; to fleer; -- often with at.
Foist (n.) A light and fast-sailing ship.
Foist (v. t.) To insert surreptitiously, wrongfully, or without warrant; to interpolate; to pass off (something spurious or counterfeit) as genuine, true, or worthy; -- usually followed by in.
Fracted (a.) Having a part displaced, as if broken; -- said of an ordinary.
Fraction (v. t.) To separate by means of, or to subject to, fractional distillation or crystallization; to fractionate; -- frequently used with out; as, to fraction out a certain grade of oil from pretroleum.
Front (n.) The middle of the upper part of the tongue, -- the part of the tongue which is more or less raised toward the palate in the pronunciation of certain sounds, as the vowel i in machine, e in bed, and consonant y in you. See Guide to Pronunciation, /10.
Fretted (p. p. & a.) Interlaced one with another; -- said of charges and ordinaries.
Fretten (a.) Rubbed; marked; as, pock-fretten, marked with the smallpox.
Front (n.) The part or surface of anything which seems to look out, or to be directed forward; the fore or forward part; the foremost rank; the van; -- the opposite to back or rear; as, the front of a house; the front of an army.
Frontier (v. i.) To constitute or form a frontier; to have a frontier; -- with on.
Frost (v. i.) Frozen dew; -- called also hoarfrost or white frost.
Frosted (a.) Covered with hoarfrost or anything resembling hoarfrost; ornamented with frosting; also, frost-bitten; as, a frosted cake; frosted glass.
Frostfish (n.) The tomcod; -- so called because it is abundant on the New England coast in autumn at about the commencement of frost. See Tomcod.
Frosty (a.) Appearing as if covered with hoarfrost; white; gray-haired; as, a frosty head.
Fructed (a.) Bearing fruit; -- said of a tree or plant so represented upon an escutcheon.
Fructidor (n.) The twelfth month of the French republican calendar; -- commencing August 18, and ending September 16. See Vendemiaire.
Fruit (v. t.) Whatever is produced for the nourishment or enjoyment of man or animals by the processes of vegetable growth, as corn, grass, cotton, flax, etc.; -- commonly used in the plural.
Fruit (v. t.) That which is produced; the effect or consequence of any action; advantageous or desirable product or result; disadvantageous or evil consequence or effect; as, the fruits of labor, of self-denial, of intemperance.
Fugitive (a.) Not fixed; not durable; liable to disappear or fall away; volatile; uncertain; evanescent; liable to fade; -- applied to material and immaterial things; as, fugitive colors; a fugitive idea.
Fumatorium (n.) An air-tight compartment in which vapor may be generated to destroy germs or insects; esp., the apparatus used to destroy San Jose scale on nursery stock, with hydrocyanic acid vapor.
Fumet (n.) A high-flavored substance, such as extract of game, for flavoring dishes of food; less properly, a ragout of partridge and rabbit braised in wine.
Gametophyte (n.) In the alternation of generations in plants, that generation or phase which bears sex organs. In the lower plants, as the algae, the gametophyte is the conspicuous part of the plant body; in mosses it is the so-called moss plant; in ferns it is reduced to a small, early perishing body; and in seed plants it is usually microscopic or rudimentary.
Galatian (a.) Of or pertaining to Galatia or its inhabitants. -- A native or inhabitant of Galatia, in Asia Minor; a descendant of the Gauls who settled in Asia Minor.
Gayety (a.) The state of being gay; merriment; mirth; acts or entertainments prompted by, or inspiring, merry delight; -- used often in the plural; as, the gayeties of the season.
Gelatine (n.) Animal jelly; glutinous material obtained from animal tissues by prolonged boiling. Specifically (Physiol. Chem.), a nitrogeneous colloid, not existing as such in the animal body, but formed by the hydrating action of boiling water on the collagen of various kinds of connective tissue (as tendons, bones, ligaments, etc.). Its distinguishing character is that of dissolving in hot water, and forming a jelly on cooling. It is an important ingredient of calf's-foot jelly, isinglass, >
Gemote (v. t.) A meeting; -- used in combination, as, Witenagemote, an assembly of the wise men.
Genet (n.) A small-sized, well-proportioned, Spanish horse; a jennet.
Genitocrural (a.) Pertaining to the genital organs and the thigh; -- applied especially to one of the lumbar nerves.
Giantship (n.) The state, personality, or character, of a giant; -- a compellation for a giant.
Gilttail (n.) A yellow-tailed worm or larva.
Gloat (v. i.) To look steadfastly; to gaze earnestly; -- usually in a bad sense, to gaze with malignant satisfaction, passionate desire, lust, or avarice.
Gnostic (n.) One of the so-called philosophers in the first ages of Christianity, who claimed a true philosophical interpretation of the Christian religion. Their system combined Oriental theology and Greek philosophy with the doctrines of Christianity. They held that all natures, intelligible, intellectual, and material, are derived from the Deity by successive emanations, which they called Eons.
Gonotheca (n.) A capsule developed on certain hydroids (Thecaphora), inclosing the blastostyle upon which the medusoid buds or gonophores are developed; -- called also gonangium, and teleophore. See Hydroidea, and Illust. of Campanularian.
Graft (n.) To cover, as a ring bolt, block strap, splicing, etc., with a weaving of small cord or rope-yarns.
Grant (v. t.) To give over; to make conveyance of; to give the possession or title of; to convey; -- usually in answer to petition.
Great (superl.) Large in space; of much size; big; immense; enormous; expanded; -- opposed to small and little; as, a great house, ship, farm, plain, distance, length.
Great (superl.) Superior; admirable; commanding; -- applied to thoughts, actions, and feelings.
Great (superl.) Older, younger, or more remote, by single generation; -- often used before grand to indicate one degree more remote in the direct Greith (v. t.) To make ready; -- often used reflexively.
Grunt (n.) Any one of several species of American food fishes, of the genus Haemulon, allied to the snappers, as, the black grunt (A. Plumieri), and the redmouth grunt (H. auroGuilty (superl.) Having incurred guilt; criminal; morally delinquent; wicked; chargeable with, or responsible for, something censurable; justly exposed to penalty; -- used with of, and usually followed by the crime, sometimes by the punishment.
Gunstome (n.) A cannon ball; -- so called because originally made of stone.
Habitant (v. t.) An inhabitant or resident; -- a name applied to and denoting farmers of French descent or origin in Canada, especially in the Province of Quebec; -- usually in plural.
Hamite (n.) A descendant of Ham, Noah's second son. See Gen. x. 6-20.
Healthful (a.) Well-disposed; favorable.
Heart (n.) The seat of the affections or sensibilities, collectively or separately, as love, hate, joy, grief, courage, and the like; rarely, the seat of the understanding or will; -- usually in a good sense, when no epithet is expressed; the better or lovelier part of our nature; the spring of all our actions and purposes; the seat of moral life and character; the moral affections and character itself; the individual disposition and character; as, a good, tender, loving, bad, hard, or selfish>
Heart (n.) That which resembles a heart in shape; especially, a roundish or oval figure or object having an obtuse point at one end, and at the other a corresponding indentation, -- used as a symbol or representative of the heart.
Hearty (n.) Comrade; boon companion; good fellow; -- a term of familiar address and fellowship among sailors.
Hematherm (n.) A warm-blooded animal.
Hemathermal (a.) Warm-blooded; hematothermal.
Hematite (n.) An important ore of iron, the sesquioxide, so called because of the red color of the powder. It occurs in splendent rhombohedral crystals, and in massive and earthy forms; -- the last called red ocher. Called also specular iron, oligist iron, rhombohedral iron ore, and bloodstone. See Brown hematite, under Brown.
Hemato () See Haema-.
Hematocrya (n. pl.) The cold-blooded vertebrates, that is, all but the mammals and birds; -- the antithesis to Hematotherma.
Hematotherma (n. pl.) The warm-blooded vertebrates, comprising the mammals and birds; -- the antithesis to hematocrya.
Hematothermal (a.) Warm-blooded.
Hemitropous (a.) Having the raphe terminating about half way between the chalaza and the orifice; amphitropous; -- said of an ovule.
Hepatica (n.) Any plant, usually procumbent and mosslike, of the cryptogamous class Hepaticae; -- called also scale moss and liverwort. See Hepaticae, in the Supplement.
Holstein (n.) One of a breed of cattle, originally from Schleswig-Holstein, valued for the large amount of milk produced by the cows. The color is usually black and white in irregular patches.
Hoist (n.) The height of a fore-and-aft sail next the mast or stay.
Homotaxis (n.) Similarly in arrangement of parts; -- the opposite of heterotaxy.
Homothermous (a.) Warm-blooded; homoiothermal; haematothermal.
Hurst (n.) A wood or grove; -- a word used in the composition of many names, as in Hazlehurst.
Hyostylic (a.) Having the mandible suspended by the hyomandibular, or upper part of the hyoid arch, as in fishes, instead of directly articulated with the skull as in mammals; -- said of the skull.
Hypethral (a.) Exposed to the air; wanting a roof; -- applied to a building or part of a building.
Hypothenuse (n.) The side of a right-angled triangle that is opposite to the right angle.
Identical (a.) In diplomacy (esp. in the form identic), precisely agreeing in sentiment or opinion and form or manner of expression; -- applied to concerted action or language which is used by two or more governments in treating with another government.
Identism (n.) The doctrine taught by Schelling, that matter and mind, and subject and object, are identical in the Absolute; -- called also the system / doctrine of identity.
Idiot (n.) A fool; a simpleton; -- a term of reproach.
Idiothermic (a.) Self-heating; warmed, as the body of animal, by process going on within itself.
Ignite (v. t.) To subject to the action of intense heat; to heat strongly; -- often said of incombustible or infusible substances; as, to ignite iron or platinum.
Immit (v. t.) To send in; to inject; to infuse; -- the correlative of emit.
Impatiens (n.) A genus of plants, several species of which have very beautiful flowers; -- so called because the elastic capsules burst when touched, and scatter the seeds with considerable force. Called also touch-me-not, jewelweed, and snapweed. I. Balsamina (sometimes called lady's slipper) is the common garden balsam.
Impatient (a.) Not patient; not bearing with composure; intolerant; uneasy; fretful; restless, because of pain, delay, or opposition; eager for change, or for something expected; hasty; passionate; -- often followed by at, for, of, and under.
Impotency (n.) Want of self-restraint or self-control.
Impotent (a.) Wanting the power of self-restraint; incontrolled; ungovernable; violent.
Impute (v. t.) To charge; to ascribe; to attribute; to set to the account of; to charge to one as the author, responsible originator, or possessor; -- generally in a bad sense.
Inpatient (n.) A patient who receives lodging and food, as well as treatment, in a hospital or an infirmary; -- distinguished from outpatient.
Inactive (a.) Not active; inert; esp., not exhibiting any action or activity on polarized light; optically neutral; -- said of isomeric forms of certain substances, in distinction from other forms which are optically active; as, racemic acid is an inactive tartaric acid.
Inantherate (a.) Not bearing anthers; -- said of sterile stamens.
Inarticulate (a.) Without a hinge; -- said of an order (Inarticulata or Ecardines) of brachiopods.
Indutive (a.) Covered; -- applied to seeds which have the usual integumentary covering.
Inertia (n.) That property of matter by which it tends when at rest to remain so, and when in motion to continue in motion, and in the same straight Inertia (n.) Want of activity; sluggishness; -- said especially of the uterus, when, in labor, its contractions have nearly or wholly ceased.
Inertness (n.) Absence of the power of self-motion; inertia.
Inset (n.) One or more separate leaves inserted in a volume before binding; as: (a) A portion of the printed sheet in certain sizes of books which is cut off before folding, and set into the middle of the folded sheet to complete the succession of paging; -- also called offcut. (b) A page or pages of advertisements inserted.
Inveteracy (n.) Firm establishment by long continuance; firmness or deep-rooted obstinacy of any quality or state acquired by time; as, the inveteracy of custom, habit, or disease; -- usually in a bad sense; as, the inveteracy of prejudice or of error.
Inveterate (a.) Old; long-established.
Inveterate (a.) Firmly established by long continuance; obstinate; deep-rooted; of long standing; as, an inveterate disease; an inveterate abuse.
Irrational (a.) Not capable of being exactly expressed by an integral number, or by a vulgar fraction; surd; -- said especially of roots. See Surd.
Irritability (n.) A natural susceptibility, characteristic of all living organisms, tissues, and cells, to the influence of certain stimuli, response being manifested in a variety of ways, -- as that quality in plants by which they exhibit motion under suitable stimulation; esp., the property which living muscle processes, of responding either to a direct stimulus of its substance, or to the stimulating influence of its nerve fibers, the response being indicated by a change of form, or contrac>
Irritation (n.) The act of exciting, or the condition of being excited to action, by stimulation; -- as, the condition of an organ of sense, when its nerve is affected by some external body; esp., the act of exciting muscle fibers to contraction, by artificial stimulation; as, the irritation of a motor nerve by electricity; also, the condition of a muscle and nerve, under such stimulation.
Irrotational (a.) Not rotatory; passing from one point to another by a movement other than rotation; -- said of the movement of parts of a liquid or yielding mass.
Janitor (n.) A door-keeper; a porter; one who has the care of a public building, or a building occupied for offices, suites of rooms, etc.
Joint (n.) The place or part where two things or parts are joined or united; the union of two or more smooth or even surfaces admitting of a close-fitting or junction; junction as, a joint between two pieces of timber; a joint in a pipe.
Joist (n.) A piece of timber laid horizontally, or nearly so, to which the planks of the floor, or the laths or furring strips of a ceiling, are nailed; -- called, according to its position or use, binding joist, bridging joist, ceiling joist, trimming joist, etc. See Illust. of Double-framed floor, under Double, a.
Kamptulicon (n.) A kind of elastic floor cloth, made of India rubber, gutta-percha, linseed oil, and powdered cork.
Kinetograph (n.) A combined animated-picture machine and phonograph in which sounds appropriate to the scene are automatically uttered by the latter instrument.
Kinit (n.) A unit of force equal to the force which, acting for one second, will give a pound a velocity of one foot per second; -- proposed by J.D.Everett, an English physicist.
Keratose (n.) A tough, horny animal substance entering into the composition of the skeleton of sponges, and other invertebrates; -- called also keratode.
Kerite (n.) A compound in which tar or asphaltum combined with animal or vegetable oils is vulcanized by sulphur, the product closely resembling rubber; -- used principally as an insulating material in telegraphy.
Kinetogenesis (n.) An instrument for producing curves by the combination of circular movements; -- called also kinescope.
Kingtruss () A truss, framed with a king-post; -- used in roofs, bridges, etc.
Krypton (n.) An inert gaseous element of the argon group, occurring in air to the extent of about one volume in a million. It was discovered by Ramsay and Travers in 1898. Liquefying point, -- 152? C.; symbol, Kr; atomic weight, 83.0.
Lapstrake (a.) Made with boards whose edges lap one over another; clinker-built; -- said of boats.
Laxative (a.) Having the effect of loosening or opening the intestines, and relieving from constipation; -- opposed to astringent.
Laxator (n.) That which loosens; -- esp., a muscle which by its contraction loosens some part.
Legato (a.) Connected; tied; -- a term used when successive tones are to be produced in a closely connected, smoothly gliding manner. It is often indicated by a tie, thus /, /, or /, /, written over or under the notes to be so performed; -- opposed to staccato.
Leiotrichi (n. pl.) The division of mankind which embraces the smooth-haired races.
Length (a.) A portion of space or of time considered as measured by its length; -- often in the plural.
Lengthen (v. t.) To extent in length; to make longer in extent or duration; as, to lengthen a Lengthy (superl.) Having length; rather long or too long; prolix; not brief; -- said chiefly of discourses, writings, and the like.
Lenity (n.) The state or quality of being lenient; mildness of temper or disposition; gentleness of treatment; softness; tenderness; clemency; -- opposed to severity and rigor.
Leontodon (n.) A genus of liguliflorous composite plants, including the fall dandelion (L. autumnale), and formerly the true dandelion; -- called also lion's tooth.
Levitate (v. i.) To rise, or tend to rise, as if lighter than the surrounding medium; to become buoyant; -- opposed to gravitate.
Levite (n.) A priest; -- so called in contempt or ridicule.
Levity (n.) The quality of weighing less than something else of equal bulk; relative lightness, especially as shown by rising through, or floating upon, a contiguous substance; buoyancy; -- opposed to gravity.
Libethenite (n.) A mineral of an olive-green color, commonly in orthorhombic crystals. It is a hydrous phosphate of copper.
Light (n.) The manner in which the light strikes upon a picture; that part of a picture which represents those objects upon which the light is supposed to fall; the more illuminated part of a landscape or other scene; -- opposed to shade. Cf. Chiaroscuro.
Light (n.) To set fire to; to cause to burn; to set burning; to ignite; to kindle; as, to light a candle or lamp; to light the gas; -- sometimes with up.
Light (n.) To give light to; to illuminate; to fill with light; to spread over with light; -- often with up.
Light (v. i.) To be illuminated; to receive light; to brighten; -- with up; as, the room lights up very well.
Light (v. i.) To dismount; to descend, as from a horse or carriage; to alight; -- with from, off, on, upon, at, in.
Light (v. i.) To come down suddenly and forcibly; to fall; -- with on or upon.
Light (v. i.) To come by chance; to happen; -- with on or upon; formerly with into.
Lights (n. pl.) The lungs of an animal or bird; -- sometimes coarsely applied to the lungs of a human being.
Lightstruck (a.) Damaged by accidental exposure to light; light-fogged; -- said of plates or films.
Lobated (a.) Having lobes; -- said of the tails of certain fishes having the integument continued to the bases of the fin rays.
Lobster (n.) Any large macrurous crustacean used as food, esp. those of the genus Homarus; as the American lobster (H. Americanus), and the European lobster (H. vulgaris). The Norwegian lobster (Nephrops Norvegicus) is similar in form. All these have a pair of large unequal claws. The spiny lobsters of more southern waters, belonging to Palinurus, Panulirus, and allied genera, have no large claws. The fresh-water crayfishes are sometimes called lobsters.
Logotype (n.) A single type, containing two or more letters; as, ae, Ae, /, /, /, etc. ; -- called also ligature.
Lorette (n.) In France, a name for a woman who is supported by her lovers, and devotes herself to idleness, show, and pleasure; -- so called from the church of Notre Dame de Lorette, in Paris, near which many of them resided.
Lunated (a.) Crescent-shaped; as, a lunate leaf; a lunate beak; a lunated cross.
Lyrated (a.) Lyre-shaped, or spatulate and oblong, with small lobes toward the base; as, a lyrate leaf.
Maestoso (a. & adv.) Majestic or majestically; -- a direction to perform a passage or piece of music in a dignified manner.
Maintop (n.) The platform about the head of the mainmast in square-rigged vessels.
Manatee (n.) Any species of Trichechus, a genus of sirenians; -- called alsosea cow.
Meditation (n.) Thought; -- without regard to kind.
Megatherium (n.) An extinct gigantic quaternary mammal, allied to the ant-eaters and sloths. Its remains are found in South America.
Melitose (n.) A variety of sugar isomeric with sucrose, extracted from cotton seeds and from the so-called Australian manna (a secretion of certain species of Eucalyptus).
Mesotrochal (a.) Having the middle of the body surrounded by bands of cilia; -- said of the larvae of certain marine annelids.
Mesotype (n.) An old term covering natrolite or soda mesolite, scolecite or lime mesotype, and mesolite or lime-soda mesotype.
Mitotic (a.) Of or pertaining to mitosis; karyokinetic; as, mitotic cell division; -- opposed to amitotic.
Midst (n.) The interior or central part or place; the middle; -- used chiefly in the objective case after in; as, in the midst of the forest.
Mightiness (n.) Highness; excellency; -- with a possessive pronoun, a title of dignity; as, their high mightinesses.
Militate (v. i.) To make war; to fight; to contend; -- usually followed by against and with.
Mimetical () Characterized by mimicry; -- applied to animals and plants; as, mimetic species; mimetic organisms. See Mimicry.
Minutia (n.) A minute particular; a small or minor detail; -- used chiefly in the plural.
Misstayed (a.) Having missed stays; -- said of a ship.
Monitor (n.) An ironclad war vessel, very low in the water, and having one or more heavily-armored revolving turrets, carrying heavy guns.
Monothalamous (a.) One-chambered.
Monothalmic (a.) Formed from one pistil; -- said of fruits.
Monstrous (a.) Extraordinary in a way to excite wonder, dislike, apprehension, etc.; -- said of size, appearance, color, sound, etc.; as, a monstrous height; a monstrous ox; a monstrous story.
Mount (v.) A mass of earth, or earth and rock, rising considerably above the common surface of the surrounding land; a mountain; a high hill; -- used always instead of mountain, when put before a proper name; as, Mount Washington; otherwise, chiefly in poetry.
Mount (n.) To rise on high; to go up; to be upraised or uplifted; to tower aloft; to ascend; -- often with up.
Mutation (n.) As now employed (first by de Vries), a sudden variation (the offspring differing from its parents in some well-marked character or characters) as distinguished from a gradual variations in which the new characters become fully developed only in the course of many generations. The occurrence of mutations, and the hereditary transmission, under some conditions, of the characters so appearing, are well-established facts; whether the process has played an important part in the evolut>
Mulatto (n.) The offspring of a negress by a white man, or of a white woman by a negro, -- usually of a brownish yellow complexion.
Mycetozoa (n. pl.) The Myxomycetes; -- so called by those who regard them as a class of animals.
Naphthalenic (a.) Pertaining to , or derived from, naphthalene; -- used specifically to designate a yellow crystalNaphthalic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or related to, naphthalene; -- used specifically to denote any one of a series of acids derived from naphthalene, and called naphthalene acids.
Naphthazarin (n.) A dyestuff, resembling alizarin, obtained from naphthoquinone as a red crystalNaphthoic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or related to, naphthalene; -- used specifically to designate any one of a series of carboxyl derivatives, called naphthoic acids.
Natatorious (a.) Adapted for swimming; -- said of the legs of certain insects.
Negation (adv.) The act of denying; assertion of the nonreality or untruthfulness of anything; declaration that something is not, or has not been, or will not be; denial; -- the opposite of affirmation.
Negative (a.) Denying; implying, containing, or asserting denial, negation or refusal; returning the answer no to an inquiry or request; refusing assent; as, a negative answer; a negative opinion; -- opposed to affirmative.
Negative (a.) Metalloidal; nonmetallic; -- contracted with positive or basic; as, the nitro group is negative.
Negatively (adv.) In the form of speech implying the absence of something; -- opposed to positively.
Nematocera (n. pl.) A suborder of dipterous insects, having long antennae, as the mosquito, gnat, and crane fly; -- called also Nemocera.
Nematogene (n.) One of the dimorphic forms of the species of Dicyemata, which produced vermiform embryos; -- opposed to rhombogene.
Nicotiana (n.) A genus of American and Asiatic solanaceous herbs, with viscid foliage and funnel-shaped blossoms. Several species yield tobacco. See Tobacco.
Nicotinic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, nicotine; nicotic; -- used specifically to designate an acid related to pyridine, obtained by the oxidation of nicotine, and called nicotinic acid.
Nighttime (n.) The time from dusk to dawn; -- opposed to daytime.
Ninetieth (a.) Next in order after the eighty-ninth.
Ninetieth (n.) The next in order after the eighty-ninth.
Ninety (a.) Nine times ten; eighty-nine and one more; as, ninety men.
Ninety (n.) The sum of nine times ten; the number greater by a unit than eighty-nine; ninety units or objects.
Nolition (n.) Adverse action of will; unwillingness; -- opposed to volition.
Nudity (n.) That which is nude or naked; naked part; undraped or unclothed portion; esp. (Fine Arts), the human figure represented unclothed; any representation of nakedness; -- chiefly used in the plural and in a bad sense.
Oblate (a.) Offered up; devoted; consecrated; dedicated; -- used chiefly or only in the titles of Roman Catholic orders. See Oblate, n.
Obliterate (a.) Scarcely distinct; -- applied to the markings of insects.
Odontostomatous (a.) Having toothlike mandibles; -- applied to certain insects.
Ophite (n.) A greenish spotted porphyry, being a diabase whose pyroxene has been altered to uralite; -- first found in the Pyreness. So called from the colored spots which give it a mottled appearance.
Ophite (a.) A mamber of a Gnostic serpent-worshiping sect of the second century.
Opisthocoelous (a.) Concave behind; -- applied especially to vertebrae in which the anterior end of the centrum is convex and the posterior concave.
Opisthopulmonate (a.) Having the pulmonary sac situated posteriorly; -- said of certain air-breathing Mollusca.
Ornithosauria (n. pl.) An order of extinct flying reptiles; -- called also Pterosauria.
Ought (imp., p. p., or auxiliary) To be necessary, fit, becoming, or expedient; to behoove; -- in this sense formerly sometimes used impersonally or without a subject expressed.
Overture () A composition, for a full orchestra, designed as an introduction to an oratorio, opera, or ballet, or as an independent piece; -- called in the latter case a concert overture.
Owelty (n.) Equality; -- sometimes written ovelty and ovealty.
Oxyntic (a.) Acid; producing acid; -applied especially to certain glands and cells in the stomach.
Palatal (a.) Uttered by the aid of the palate; -- said of certain sounds, as the sound of k in kirk.
Palate (n.) Relish; taste; liking; -- a sense originating in the mistaken notion that the palate is the organ of taste.
Parataxis (n.) The mere ranging of propositions one after another, without indicating their connection or interdependence; -- opposed to syntax.
Parethmoid (a.) Near or beside the ethmoid bone or cartilage; -- applied especially to a pair of bones in the nasal region of some fishes, and to the ethmoturbinals in some higher animals.
Parotid (a.) Situated near the ear; -- applied especially to the salivary gland near the ear.
Parotoid (a.) Resembling the parotid gland; -- applied especially to cutaneous glandular elevations above the ear in many toads and frogs.
Peart (a.) Active; lively; brisk; smart; -- often applied to convalescents; as, she is quite peart to-day.
Pedate (a.) Palmate, with the lateral lobes cleft into two or more segments; -- said of a leaf.
Pedatifid (a.) Cleft in a pedate manner, but having the lobes distinctly connected at the base; -- said of a leaf.
Penitential (n.) A book formerly used by priests hearing confessions, containing rules for the imposition of penances; -- called also penitential book.
Petit (a.) Small; little; insignificant; mean; -- Same as Petty.
Petition (n.) A formal written request addressed to an official person, or to an organized body, having power to grant it; specifically (Law), a supplication to government, in either of its branches, for the granting of a particular grace or right; -- in distinction from a memorial, which calls certain facts to mind; also, the written document.
Pewit (n.) The European black-headed, or laughing, gull (Xema ridibundus). See under Laughing.
Pelota (n.) A Basque, Spanish, and Spanish-American game played in a court, in which a ball is struck with a wickerwork racket.
Phaeton (n.) A four-wheeled carriage (with or without a top), open, or having no side pieces, in front of the seat. It is drawn by one or two horses.
Phaeton (n.) A handsome American butterfly (Euphydryas, / Melitaea, Phaeton). The upper side of the wings is black, with orange-red spots and marginal crescents, and several rows of cream-colored spots; -- called also Baltimore.
Phantascope (n.) An optical instrument or toy, resembling the phenakistoscope, and illustrating the same principle; -- called also phantasmascope.
Pipette (n.) A small glass tube, often with an enlargement or bulb in the middle, and usually graduated, -- used for transferring or delivering measured quantities.
Pivot (n.) The officer or soldier who simply turns in his place whike the company or Plastic (a.) Capable of being molded, formed, or modeled, as clay or plaster; -- used also figuratively; as, the plastic mind of a child.
Plastic (a.) Pertaining or appropriate to, or characteristic of, molding or modeling; produced by, or appearing as if produced by, molding or modeling; -- said of sculpture and the kindred arts, in distinction from painting and the graphic arts.
Plectognathic (a.) Alt. of Plec-tognathous
Plectospondyli (n. pl.) An extensive suborder of fresh-water physostomous fishes having the anterior vertebrae united and much modified; the Eventognathi.
Plinth (n.) In classical architecture, a vertically faced member immediately below the circular base of a column; also, the lowest member of a pedestal; hence, in general, the lowest member of a base; a sub-base; a block upon which the moldings of an architrave or trim are stopped at the bottom. See Illust. of Column.
Podetium (n.) A stalk which bears the fructification in some lichens, as in the so-called reindeer moss.
Point (n.) An instrument which pricks or pierces, as a sort of needle used by engravers, etchers, lace workers, and others; also, a pointed cutting tool, as a stone cutter's point; -- called also pointer.
Point (n.) Anything which tapers to a sharp, well-defined termination. Specifically: A small promontory or cape; a tract of land extending into the water beyond the common shore Point (n.) An indefinitely small space; a mere spot indicated or supposed. Specifically: (Geom.) That which has neither parts nor magnitude; that which has position, but has neither length, breadth, nor thickness, -- sometimes conceived of as the limit of a Point (v. i.) To direct the point of something, as of a finger, for the purpose of designating an object, and attracting attention to it; -- with at.
Point (v. i.) To approximate to the surface; to head; -- said of an abscess.
Polatouche (n.) A flying squirrel (Sciuropterus volans) native of Northern Europe and Siberia; -- called also minene.
Politic (a.) Pertaining to, or promoting, a policy, especially a national policy; well-devised; adapted to its end, whether right or wrong; -- said of things; as, a politic treaty.
Politic (a.) Sagacious in promoting a policy; ingenious in devising and advancing a system of management; devoted to a scheme or system rather than to a principle; hence, in a good sense, wise; prudent; sagacious; and in a bad sense, artful; unscrupulous; cunning; -- said of persons.
Politician (n.) One primarily devoted to his own advancement in public office, or to the success of a political party; -- used in a depreciatory sense; one addicted or attached to politics as managed by parties (see Politics, 2); a schemer; an intriguer; as, a mere politician.
Politzerization (n.) The act of inflating the middle ear by blowing air up the nose during the act of swallowing; -- so called from Prof. Politzer of Vienna, who first practiced it.
Polytechnic (a.) Comprehending, or relating to, many arts and sciences; -- applied particularly to schools in which many branches of art and science are taught with especial reference to their practical application; also to exhibitions of machinery and industrial products.
Polythalamous (a.) Many-chambered; -- applied to shells of Foraminifera and cephalopods. See Illust. of Nautilus.
Polytomous (a.) Subdivided into many distinct subordinate parts, which, however, not being jointed to the petiole, are not true leaflets; -- said of leaves.
Porites (n.) An important genus of reef-building corals having small twelve-rayed calicles, and a very porous coral. Some species are branched, others grow in large massive or globular forms.
Position (n.) A method of solving a problem by one or two suppositions; -- called also the rule of trial and error.
Positive (a.) Having a real position, existence, or energy; existing in fact; real; actual; -- opposed to negative.
Positive (a.) Derived from an object by itself; not dependent on changing circumstances or relations; absolute; -- opposed to relative; as, the idea of beauty is not positive, but depends on the different tastes individuals.
Positive (a.) Definitely laid down; explicitly stated; clearly expressed; -- opposed to implied; as, a positive declaration or promise.
Positive (a.) Fully assured; confident; certain; sometimes, overconfident; dogmatic; overbearing; -- said of persons.
Positive (a.) Electro-positive.
Positive (a.) Hence, basic; metallic; not acid; -- opposed to negative, and said of metals, bases, and basic radicals.
Positively (adv.) In a positive manner; absolutely; really; expressly; with certainty; indubitably; peremptorily; dogmatically; -- opposed to negatively.
Postticous (a.) Situated on the outer side of a filament; -- said of an extrorse anther.
Point (n.) A pointed piece of quill or bone covered at one end with vaccine matter; -- called also vaccine point.
Point (n.) One of the raised dots used in certain systems of printing and writing for the blind. The first practical system was that devised by Louis Braille in 1829, and still used in Europe (see Braille). Two modifications of this are current in the United States: New York point founded on three bases of equidistant points arranged in two Point (n.) A spot to which a straight run is made; hence, a straight run from point to point; a cross-country run.
Positive (a.) Designating, or pertaining to, a device giving a to-and-fro motion; as, a positive dobby.
Practice (n.) Actual performance; application of knowledge; -- opposed to theory.
Practice (n.) Skillful or artful management; dexterity in contrivance or the use of means; art; stratagem; artifice; plot; -- usually in a bad sense.
Preataxic (a.) Occurring before the symptom ataxia has developed; -- applied to the early symptoms of locomotor ataxia.
Prestidigital (a.) Nimble-fingered; having fingers fit for prestidigitation, or juggling.
Presto (a.) Quickly; rapidly; -- a direction for a quick, lively movement or performance; quicker than allegro, or any rate of time except prestissimo.
Prettiness (n.) The quality or state of being pretty; -- used sometimes in a disparaging sense.
Pretty (superl.) Affectedly nice; foppish; -- used in an ill sense.
Pretty (superl.) Mean; despicable; contemptible; -- used ironically; as, a pretty trick; a pretty fellow.
Pretty (adv.) In some degree; moderately; considerably; rather; almost; -- less emphatic than very; as, I am pretty sure of the fact; pretty cold weather.
Proctorage (n.) Management by a proctor, or as by a proctor; hence, control; superintendence; -- in contempt.
Promt (superl.) Ready and quick to act as occasion demands; meeting requirements readily; not slow, dilatory, or hesitating in decision or action; responding on the instant; immediate; as, prompt in obedience or compliance; -- said of persons.
Promt (superl.) Done or rendered quickly, readily, or immediately; given without delay or hesitation; -- said of conduct; as, prompt assistance.
Prostate (a.) Standing before; -- applied to a gland which is found in the males of most mammals, and is situated at the neck of the bladder where this joins the urethra.
Prosthesis (n.) The addition to the human body of some artificial part, to replace one that is wanting, as a log or an eye; -- called also prothesis.
Psalter (n.) The Book of Psalms; -- often applied to a book containing the Psalms separately printed.
Punctator (n.) One who marks with points. specifically, one who writes Hebrew with points; -- applied to a Masorite.
Puritan (n.) One who, in the time of Queen Elizabeth and the first two Stuarts, opposed traditional and formal usages, and advocated simpler forms of faith and worship than those established by law; -- originally, a term of reproach. The Puritans formed the bulk of the early population of New England.
Puritan (n.) One who is scrupulous and strict in his religious life; -- often used reproachfully or in contempt; one who has overstrict notions.
Puritanical (a.) Precise in observance of legal or religious requirements; strict; overscrupulous; rigid; -- often used by way of reproach or contempt.
Pyrethrin (n.) A substance resembling, and isomeric with, ordinary camphor, and extracted from the essential oil of feverfew; -- called also Pyrethrum camphor.
Pyrite (n.) A common mineral of a pale brass-yellow color and brilliant metallic luster, crystallizing in the isometric system; iron pyrites; iron disulphide.
Pyrothonide (n.) A kind of empyreumatic oil produced by the combustion of textures of hemp, Quartation (n.) The act, process, or result (in the process of parting) of alloying a button of nearly pure gold with enough silver to reduce the fineness so as to allow acids to attack and remove all metals except the gold; -- called also inquartation. Compare Parting.
Quartenylic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid of the acrylic acid series, metameric with crotonic acid, and obtained as a colorless liquid; -- so called from having four carbon atoms in the molecule. Called also isocrotonic acid.
Quarter (n.) The fourth of a hundred-weight, being 25 or 28 pounds, according as the hundredweight is reckoned at 100 or 112 pounds.
Quarter (n.) The after-part of a vessel's side, generally corresponding in extent with the quarter-deck; also, the part of the yardarm outside of the slings.
Quarter (v. t.) A small upright timber post, used in partitions; -- in the United States more commonly called stud.
Quarter (v. t.) The fourth part of the distance from one point of the compass to another, being the fourth part of 11? 15', that is, about 2? 49'; -- called also quarter point.
Quarter (v. t.) A station at which officers and men are posted in battle; -- usually in the plural.
Quarter (v. t.) Place of lodging or temporary residence; shelter; entertainment; -- usually in the plural.
Quarterhung (a.) Having trunnions the axes of which lie below the bore; -- said of a cannon.
Quartering (a.) Coming from a point well abaft the beam, but not directly astern; -- said of waves or any moving object.
Quarterly (adv.) In quarters, or quarterings; as, to bear arms quarterly; in four or more parts; -- said of a shield thus divided by Quartern (n.) A loaf of bread weighing about four pounds; -- called also quartern loaf.
Quarterstaff (n.) A long and stout staff formerly used as a weapon of defense and offense; -- so called because in holding it one hand was placed in the middle, and the other between the middle and the end.
Quartzite (n.) Massive quartz occurring as a rock; a metamorphosed sandstone; -- called also quartz rock.
Quartzoid (n.) A form of crystal common with quartz, consisting of two six-sided pyramids, base to base.
Quiet (v. i.) To become still, silent, or calm; -- often with down; as, be soon quieted down.
Quintain (n.) An object to be tilted at; -- called also quintel.
Quintette (n.) A composition for five voices or instruments; also, the set of five persons who sing or play five-part music.
Quoit (n.) A flattened ring-shaped piece of iron, to be pitched at a fixed object in play; hence, any heavy flat missile used for the same purpose, as a stone, piece of iron, etc.
Quartered (a.) Quarter-sawed; -- said of timber, commonly oak.
Rabato (n.) A kind of ruff for the neck; a turned-down collar; a rebato.
Ramsted (n.) A yellow-flowered weed; -- so named from a Mr. Ramsted who introduced it into Pennsylvania. See Toad flax. Called also Ramsted weed.
Realty (n.) Immobility, or the fixed, permanent nature of real property; as, chattels which savor of the realty; -- so written in legal language for reality.
Reasty (a.) Rusty and rancid; -- applied to salt meat.
Recital (n.) A vocal or instrumental performance by one person; -- distinguished from concert; as, a song recital; an organ, piano, or violin recital.
Recitative (n.) A species of musical recitation in which the words are delivered in a manner resembling that of ordinary declamation; also, a piece of music intended for such recitation; -- opposed to melisma.
Redstart (n.) A small, handsome European singing bird (Ruticilla phoenicurus), allied to the nightingale; -- called also redtail, brantail, fireflirt, firetail. The black redstart is P.tithys. The name is also applied to several other species of Ruticilla amnd allied genera, native of India.
Redstart (n.) An American fly-catching warbler (Setophaga ruticilla). The male is black, with large patches of orange-red on the sides, wings, and tail. The female is olive, with yellow patches.
Redstreak (n.) A kind of apple having the skin streaked with red and yellow, -- a favorite English cider apple.
Reentry (n.) A resuming or retaking possession of what one has lately foregone; -- applied especially to land; the entry by a lessor upon the premises leased, on failure of the tenant to pay rent or perform the covenants in the lease.
Relate (v. i.) To stand in some relation; to have bearing or concern; to pertain; to refer; -- with to.
Relator (n.) A private person at whose relation, or in whose behalf, the attorney-general allows an information in the nature of a quo warranto to be filed.
Remittitur (n.) A remission or surrender, -- remittitur damnut being a remission of excess of damages.
Remote (superl.) Removed to a distance; not near; far away; distant; -- said in respect to time or to place; as, remote ages; remote lands.
Remote (superl.) Hence, removed; not agreeing, according, or being related; -- in various figurative uses.
Repetend (n.) That part of a circulating decimal which recurs continually, ad infinitum: -- sometimes indicated by a dot over the first and last figures; thus, in the circulating decimal .728328328 + (otherwise .7/8/), the repetend is 283.
Repute (n.) Specifically: Good character or reputation; credit or honor derived from common or public opinion; -- opposed to disrepute.
Retitelae (n. pl.) A group of spiders which spin irregular webs; -- called also Retitelariae.
Reactance (n.) The influence of a coil of wire upon an alternating current passing through it, tending to choke or diminish the current, or the similar influence of a condenser; inductive resistance. Reactance is measured in ohms. The reactance of a circuit is equal to the component of the impressed electro-motive force at right angles to the current divided by the current, that is, the component of the impedance due to the self-inductance or capacity of the circuit.
Ridotto (n.) A favorite Italian public entertainment, consisting of music and dancing, -- held generally on fast eves.
Right (a.) Of or pertaining to that side of the body in man on which the muscular action is usually stronger than on the other side; -- opposed to left when used in reference to a part of the body; as, the right side, hand, arm. Also applied to the corresponding side of the lower animals.
Right (a.) The straight course; adherence to duty; obedience to lawful authority, divine or human; freedom from guilt, -- the opposite of moral wrong.
Ringtail (n.) A light sail set abaft and beyong the leech of a boom-and-gaff sail; -- called also ringsail.
Rosette (n.) An imitation of a rose by means of ribbon or other material, -- used as an ornament or a badge.
Rosette (n.) An ornament in the form of a rose or roundel, -much used in decoration.
Rotate (a.) Having the parts spreading out like a wheel; wheel-shaped; as, a rotate spicule or scale; a rotate corolla, i.e., a monopetalous corolla with a flattish border, and no tube or a very short one.
Rotated (a.) Turned round, as a wheel; also, wheel-shaped; rotate.
Sagitta (n.) The distance from a point in a curve to the chord; also, the versed sine of an arc; -- so called from its resemblance to an arrow resting on the bow and string.
Sagitta (n.) A genus of transparent, free-swimming marine worms having lateral and caudal fins, and capable of swimming rapidly. It is the type of the class Chaetognatha.
Sagittary (n.) The Arsenal in Venice; -- so called from having a figure of an archer over the door.
Sainted (a.) Entered into heaven; -- a euphemism for dead.
Saintish (a.) Somewhat saintlike; -- used ironically.
Salutatorian (n.) The student who pronounces the salutatory oration at the annual Commencement or like exercises of a college, -- an honor commonly assigned to that member of the graduating class who ranks second in scholarship.
Salutatory (a.) Containing or expressing salutations; speaking a welcome; greeting; -- applied especially to the oration which introduces the exercises of the Commencements, or similar public exhibitions, in American colleges.
Sapotaceous (a.) Of or pertaining to a natural order (Sapotaceae) of (mostly tropical) trees and shrubs, including the star apple, the Lucuma, or natural marmalade tree, the gutta-percha tree (Isonandra), and the India mahwa, as well as the sapodilla, or sapota, after which the order is named.
Scepterellate (a.) Having a straight shaft with whorls of spines; -- said of certain sponge spicules. See Illust. under Spicule.
Schottische (n.) A Scotch round dance in 2-4 time, similar to the polka, only slower; also, the music for such a dance; -- not to be confounded with the Ecossaise.
Scout (n.) A college student's or undergraduate's servant; -- so called in Oxford, England; at Cambridge called a gyp; and at Dublin, a skip.
Scratch (v. t.) To cancel by drawing one or more Scratchback (n.) A toy which imitates the sound of tearing cloth, -- used by drawing it across the back of unsuspecting persons.
Scrotiform (a.) Purse-shaped; pouch-shaped.
Scuttle (n.) A wide-mouthed vessel for holding coal: a coal hod.
Semitone (n.) Half a tone; -- the name commonly applied to the smaller intervals of the diatonic scale.
Serotine (n.) The European long-eared bat (Vesperugo serotinus).
Sematic (a.) Significant; ominous; serving as a warning of danger; -- applied esp. to the warning colors or forms of certain animals.
Semitontine (a.) Lit., half-tontine; -- used to designate a form of tontine life insurance. See Tontine insurance.
Serotherapy (n.) Serum-therapy.
Shaft (n.) A column, an obelisk, or other spire-shaped or columnar monument.
Shaft (n.) A humming bird (Thaumastura cora) having two of the tail feathers next to the middle ones very long in the male; -- called also cora humming bird.
Shaft (n.) A well-like excavation in the earth, perpendicular or nearly so, made for reaching and raising ore, for raising water, etc.
Shafted (a.) Having a shaft; -- applied to a spear when the head and the shaft are of different tinctures.
Shatter (n.) A fragment of anything shattered; -- used chiefly or soley in the phrase into shatters; as, to break a glass into shatters.
Sheatfish (n.) A European siluroid fish (Silurus glanis) allied to the cat-fishes. It is the largest fresh-water fish of Europe, sometimes becoming six feet or more in length. See Siluroid.
Sheet (v. t.) A rope or chain which regulates the angle of adjustment of a sail in relation in relation to the wind; -- usually attached to the lower corner of a sail, or to a yard or a boom.
Shelter (v. t.) To betake to cover, or to a safe place; -- used reflexively.
Shift (v. t.) To change the clothing of; -- used reflexively.
Shift (v. t.) Something frequently shifted; especially, a woman's under-garment; a chemise.
Shirt (n.) A loose under-garment for the upper part of the body, made of cotton, Shoot (v. i.) To let fly, or cause to be driven, with force, as an arrow or a bullet; -- followed by a word denoting the missile, as an object.
Shoot (v. i.) To discharge, causing a missile to be driven forth; -- followed by a word denoting the weapon or instrument, as an object; -- often with off; as, to shoot a gun.
Shoot (v. i.) To strike with anything shot; to hit with a missile; often, to kill or wound with a firearm; -- followed by a word denoting the person or thing hit, as an object.
Shoot (v. i.) To push or thrust forward; to project; to protrude; -- often with out; as, a plant shoots out a bud.
Shoot (v. i.) To cause an engine or weapon to discharge a missile; -- said of a person or an agent; as, they shot at a target; he shoots better than he rides.
Shoot (v. i.) To discharge a missile; -- said of an engine or instrument; as, the gun shoots well.
Shoot (v. i.) To be shot or propelled forcibly; -- said of a missile; to be emitted or driven; to move or extend swiftly, as if propelled; as, a shooting star.
Shooter (n.) A firearm; as, a five-shooter.
Short (superl.) Insufficiently provided; inadequately supplied; scantily furnished; lacking; not coming up to a resonable, or the ordinary, standard; -- usually with of; as, to be short of money.
Short (superl.) Less important, efficaceous, or powerful; not equal or equivalent; less (than); -- with of.
Short (adv.) Not prolonged, or relatively less prolonged, in utterance; -- opposed to long, and applied to vowels or to syllables. In English, the long and short of the same letter are not, in most cases, the long and short of the same sound; thus, the i in ill is the short sound, not of i in isle, but of ee in eel, and the e in pet is the short sound of a in pate, etc. See Quantity, and Guide to Pronunciation, //22, 30.
Shortclothes (n.) Coverings for the legs of men or boys, consisting of trousers which reach only to the knees, -- worn with long stockings.
Shorthead (n.) A sucking whale less than one year old; -- so called by sailors.
Sighted (a.) Having sight, or seeing, in a particular manner; -- used in composition; as, long-sighted, short-sighted, quick-sighted, sharp-sighted, and the like.
Skelter (v. i.) To run off helter-skelter; to hurry; to scurry; -- with away or off.
Skutterudite (n.) A mineral of a bright metallic luster and tin-white to pale lead-gray color. It consists of arsenic and cobalt.
Slattern (v. t.) To consume carelessly or wastefully; to waste; -- with away.
Split (n.) Any of the three or four strips into which osiers are commonly cleft for certain kinds of work; -- usually in pl.
Split (n.) A small bottle (containing about half a pint) of some drink; -- so called as containing half the quantity of the customary smaller commercial size of bottle; also, a drink of half the usual quantity; a half glass.
Split (a.) Divided so as to be done or executed part at one time or price and part at another time or price; -- said of an order, sale, etc.
Smaltite (n.) A tin-white or gray mineral of metallic luster. It is an arsenide of cobalt, nickel, and iron. Called also speiskobalt.
Smart (v. i.) To feel a lively, pungent local pain; -- said of some part of the body as the seat of irritation; as, my finger smarts; these wounds smart.
Smarten (v. t.) To make smart or spruce; -- usually with up.
Sminthurid (n.) Any one of numerous small species of springtails, of the family Sminthuridae, -- usually found on flowers. See Illust. under Collembola.
Smoothbore (a.) Having a bore of perfectly smooth surface; -- distinguished from rifled.
Snort (v. i.) To force the air with violence through the nose, so as to make a noise, as do high-spirited horsed in prancing and play.
Snorter (n.) The wheather; -- so called from its cry.
Snout (n.) The nose of a man; -- in contempt.
Snout (n.) The anterior prolongation of the head of a gastropod; -- called also rostrum.
Solitaire (n.) A game which one person can play alone; -- applied to many games of cards, etc.; also, to a game played on a board with pegs or balls, in which the object is, beginning with all the places filled except one, to remove all but one of the pieces by "jumping," as in draughts.
Solitaire (n.) Any species of American thrushlike birds of the genus Myadestes. They are noted their sweet songs and retiring habits. Called also fly-catching thrush. A West Indian species (Myadestes sibilans) is called the invisible bird.
Solitude (a.) Remoteness from society; destitution of company; seclusion; -- said of places; as, the solitude of a wood.
Solstice (v. i.) The point in the ecliptic at which the sun is farthest from the equator, north or south, namely, the first point of the sign Cancer and the first point of the sign Capricorn, the former being the summer solstice, latter the winter solstice, in northern latitudes; -- so called because the sun then apparently stands still in its northward or southward motion.
Solute (a.) Not adhering; loose; -- opposed to adnate; as, a solute stipule.
Solution (n.) The act of solving, or the state of being solved; the disentanglement of any intricate problem or difficult question; explanation; clearing up; -- used especially in mathematics, either of the process of solving an equation or problem, or the result of the process.
Sparteine (n.) A narcotic alkaloid extracted from the tops of the common broom (Cytisus scoparius, formerly Spartium scoparium), as a colorless oily liquid of aniSparth (n.) An Anglo-Saxon battle-ax, or halberd.
Spectacle (n.) A spy-glass; a looking-glass.
Spectatrix (n.) A female beholder or looker-on.
Spelt (n.) A species of grain (Triticum Spelta) much cultivated for food in Germany and Switzerland; -- called also German wheat.
Spelter (n.) Zinc; -- especially so called in commerce and arts.
Spent (a.) Exhausted of spawn or sperm; -- said especially of fishes.
Spitted (a.) Shot out long; -- said of antlers.
Split (v. t.) To divide or separate into components; -- often used with up; as, to split up sugar into alcohol and carbonic acid.
Split (n.) the substitution of more than one share of a corporation's stock for one share. The market price of the stock usually drops in proportion to the increase in outstanding shares of stock. The split may be in any ratio, as a two-for-one split; a three-for-two split.
Spontoon (n.) A kind of half-pike, or halberd, formerly borne by inferior officers of the British infantry, and used in giving signals to the soldiers.
Sport (v. i.) To assume suddenly a new and different character from the rest of the plant or from the type of the species; -- said of a bud, shoot, plant, or animal. See Sport, n., 6.
Sport (v. t.) To divert; to amuse; to make merry; -- used with the reciprocal pronoun.
Sport (v. t.) To give utterance to in a sportive manner; to throw out in an easy and copious manner; -- with off; as, to sport off epigrams.
Spoutfish (n.) A marine animal that spouts water; -- applied especially to certain bivalve mollusks, like the long clams (Mya), which spout, or squirt out, water when retiring into their holes.
Sprat (n.) A small European herring (Clupea sprattus) closely allied to the common herring and the pilchard; -- called also garvie. The name is also applied to small herring of different kinds.
Sprat (n.) A California surf-fish (Rhacochilus toxotes); -- called also alfione, and perch.
Squaterole (n.) The black-bellied plover.
Squitee (n.) The squeteague; -- called also squit.
Start (n.) The beginning, as of a journey or a course of action; first motion from a place; act of setting out; the outset; -- opposed to finish.
Start (v. i.) The curved or incStartish (a.) Apt to start; skittish; shy; -- said especially of a horse.
Startlish (a.) Easily startled; apt to start; startish; skittish; -- said especially of a hourse.
Stentor (n.) Any species of ciliated Infusoria belonging to the genus Stentor and allied genera, common in fresh water. The stentors have a bell-shaped, or cornucopia-like, body with a circle of cilia around the spiral terminal disk. See Illust. under Heterotricha.
Stint (v. t.) To serve successfully; to get with foal; -- said of mares.
Strath (n.) A valley of considerable size, through which a river runs; a valley bottom; -- often used in composition with the name of the river; as, Strath Spey, Strathdon, Strathmore.
Stratigraphic (a.) Alt. of -ical
Strut (n.) Any part of a machine or structure, of which the principal function is to hold things apart; a brace subjected to compressive stress; -- the opposite of stay, and tie.
Stuttering (n.) The act of one who stutters; -- restricted by some physiologists to defective speech due to inability to form the proper sounds, the breathing being normal, as distinguished from stammering.
Stilton (n.) A peculiarly flavored unpressed cheese made from milk with cream added; -- so called from the village or parish of Stilton, England, where it was originally made. It is very rich in fat.
Subatom (n.) A hypothetical component of a chemical atom, on the theory that the elements themselves are complex substances; -- called also atomicule.
Swartback (n.) The black-backed gull (Larus marinus); -- called also swarbie.
Sweet (superl.) Having an agreeable taste or flavor such as that of sugar; saccharine; -- opposed to sour and bitter; as, a sweet beverage; sweet fruits; sweet oranges.
Sweet (n.) That which is sweet to the taste; -- used chiefly in the plural.
Sweet (n.) Home-made wines, cordials, metheglin, etc.
Sweet (n.) One who is dear to another; a darling; -- a term of endearment.
Sweetbrier (n.) A kind of rose (Rosa rubiginosa) with minutely glandular and fragrant foliage. The small-flowered sweetbrier is Rosa micrantha.
Sweeten (a.) To make warm and fertile; -- opposed to sour; as, to dry and sweeten soils.
Sweeting (n.) A darling; -- a word of endearment.
Sweetmeat (n.) Fruit preserved with sugar, as peaches, pears, melons, nuts, orange peel, etc.; -- usually in the plural; a confect; a confection.
Sweetwater (n.) A variety of white grape, having a sweet watery juice; -- also called white sweetwater, and white muscadine.
Swift (n.) Any one of numerous species of small, long-winged, insectivorous birds of the family Micropodidae. In form and habits the swifts resemble swallows, but they are destitute of complex vocal muscles and are not singing birds, but belong to a widely different group allied to the humming birds.
Swift (n.) A reel, or turning instrument, for winding yarn, thread, etc.; -- used chiefly in the plural.
Swift (n.) The main card cylinder of a flax-carding machine.
Tacet (v.impers.) It is silent; -- a direction for a vocal or instrumental part to be silent during a whole movement.
Tarot (n.) A game of cards; -- called also taroc.
Telotrochous (a.) Having both a preoral and a posterior band of cilla; -- applied to the larvae of certain annelids.
Thiotolene (n.) A colorless oily liquid, C4H3S.CH3, analogous to, and resembling, toluene; -- called also methyl thiophene.
Thirteenth (a.) Next in order after the twelfth; the third after the tenth; -- the ordinal of thirteen; as, the thirteenth day of the month.
Thirtieth (a.) Next in order after the twenty-ninth; the tenth after the twentieth; -- the ordinal of thirty; as, the thirtieth day of the month.
Thirty (a.) Being three times ten; consisting of one more than twenty-nine; twenty and ten; as, the month of June consists of thirty days.
Tight (superl.) Close, so as not to admit the passage of a liquid or other fluid; not leaky; as, a tight ship; a tight cask; a tight room; -- often used in this sense as the second member of a compound; as, water-tight; air-tight.
Tight (superl.) Not slack or loose; firmly stretched; taut; -- applied to a rope, chain, or the like, extended or stretched out.
Tight (superl.) Pressing; stringent; not easy; firmly held; dear; -- said of money or the money market. Cf. Easy, 7.
Tights (n. pl.) Close-fitting garments, especially for the lower part of the body and the legs.
Timothy grass () A kind of grass (Phleum pratense) with long cylindrical spikes; -- called also herd's grass, in England, cat's-tail grass, and meadow cat's-tail grass. It is much prized for fodder. See Illustration in Appendix.
Toast (v.) A lady in honor of whom persons or a company are invited to drink; -- so called because toasts were formerly put into the liquor, as a great delicacy.
Tolstoian (a.) Of or pertaining to Tolstoy (1828-1910).
Truite (a.) Having a delicately crackled surface; -- applied to porcelian, etc.
Trust (n.) A business organization or combination consisting of a number of firms or corporations operating, and often united, under an agreement creating a trust (in sense 1), esp. one formed mainly for the purpose of regulating the supply and price of commodities, etc.; often, opprobriously, a combination formed for the purpose of controlling or monopolizing a trade, industry, or business, by doing acts in restraint or trade; as, a sugar trust. A trust may take the form of a corporation or o>
Trustee stock () High-grade stock in which trust funds may be legally invested.
Tract (v.) Verses of Scripture sung at Mass, instead of the Alleluia, from Septuagesima Sunday till the Saturday befor Easter; -- so called because sung tractim, or without a break, by one voice, instead of by many as in the antiphons.
Tractarian (n.) One of the writers of the Oxford tracts, called "Tracts for the Times," issued during the period 1833-1841, in which series of papers the sacramental system and authority of the Church, and the value of tradition, were brought into prominence. Also, a member of the High Church party, holding generally the principles of the Tractarian writers; a Puseyite.
Tractrix (n.) A curve such that the part of the tangent between the point of tangency and a given straight Treat (v. i.) To discourse; to handle a subject in writing or speaking; to make discussion; -- usually with of; as, Cicero treats of old age and of duties.
Treat (v. i.) To negotiate; to come to terms of accommodation; -- often followed by with; as, envoys were appointed to treat with France.
Trestletree (n.) One of two strong bars of timber, fixed horizontally on the opposite sides of the masthead, to support the crosstrees and the frame of the top; -- generally used in the plural.
Triatomic (a.) Having three atoms; -- said of certain elements or radicals.
Trout (n.) Any one of several species of marine fishes more or less resembling a trout in appearance or habits, but not belonging to the same family, especially the California rock trouts, the common squeteague, and the southern, or spotted, squeteague; -- called also salt-water trout, sea trout, shad trout, and gray trout. See Squeteague, and Rock trout under Rock.
Trust (n.) To hope confidently; to believe; -- usually with a phrase or infinitive clause as the object.
Truster (n.) One who makes a trust; -- the correlative of trustee.
Tryptone (n.) The peptone formed by pancreatic digestion; -- so called because it is formed through the agency of the ferment trypsin.
Turntable (n.) A large revolving platform, for turning railroad cars, locomotives, etc., in a different direction; -- called also turnplate.
Twist (n.) A strong individual tendency, or bent; a marked inclination; a bias; -- often implying a peculiar or unusual tendency; as, a twist toward fanaticism.
Twaite (n.) A European shad; -- called also twaite shad. See Shad.
Twentieth (a.) Next in order after the nineteenth; tenth after the tenth; coming after nineteen others; -- the ordinal of twenty.
Twist (v. t.) To wind into; to insinuate; -- used reflexively; as, avarice twists itself into all human concerns.
Twist (n.) One of the threads of a warp, -- usually more tightly twisted than the filling.
Twitter (v. i.) To make the sound of a half-suppressed laugh; to titter; to giggle.
Twitter (n.) A half-suppressed laugh; a fit of laughter partially restrained; a titter; a giggle.
Typothetae (n. pl.) Printers; -- used in the name of an association of the master printers of the United States and Canada, called The United Typothetae of America.
Ullet (n.) A European owl (Syrnium aluco) of a tawny color; -- called also uluia.
Uncut (a.) Not cut; not separated or divided by cutting or otherwise; -- said especially of books, periodicals, and the like, when the leaves have not been separated by trimming in binding.
Upset (v. t.) To disturb the self-possession of; to disorder the nerves of; to make ill; as, the fright upset her.
Upset (a.) Set up; fixed; determined; -- used chiefly or only in the phrase upset price; that is, the price fixed upon as the minimum for property offered in a public sale, or, in an auction, the price at which property is set up or started by the auctioneer, and the lowest price at which it will be sold.
Upsyturvy (adv.) Upside down; topsy-turvy.
Veretillum (n.) Any one of numerous species of club-shaped, compound Alcyonaria belonging to Veretillum and allied genera, of the tribe Pennatulacea. The whole colony can move about as if it were a simple animal.
Vinatico (n.) Madeira mahogany; the coarse, dark-colored wood of the Persea Indica.
V moth () A common gray European moth (Halia vauaria) having a V-shaped spot of dark brown on each of the fore wings.
Vocative (a.) Of or pertaining to calling; used in calling; specifically (Gram.), used in address; appellative; -- said of that case or form of the noun, pronoun, or adjective, in which a person or thing is addressed; as, Domine, O Lord.
Volatile (a.) Fig.: Light-hearted; easily affected by circumstances; airy; lively; hence, changeable; fickle; as, a volatile temper.
Vomit (v. t.) To throw up; to eject from the stomach through the mouth; to disgorge; to puke; to spew out; -- often followed by up or out.
Waist (n.) Hence, the middle part of other bodies; especially (Naut.), that part of a vessel's deck, bulwarks, etc., which is between the quarter-deck and the forecastle; the middle part of the ship.
Waister (n.) A seaman, usually a green hand or a broken-down man, stationed in the waist of a vessel of war.
Wapatoo (n.) The edible tuber of a species of arrowhead (Sagittaria variabilis); -- so called by the Indians of Oregon.
Wegotism (n.) Excessive use of the pronoun we; -- called also weism.
Whist (n.) A certain game at cards; -- so called because it requires silence and close attention. It is played by four persons (those who sit opposite each other being partners) with a complete pack of fifty-two cards. Each player has thirteen cards, and when these are played out, he hand is finished, and the cards are again shuffled and distributed.
Whistle (v. i.) The mouth and throat; -- so called as being the organs of whistling.
Whistlefish (n.) A gossat, or rockling; -- called also whistler, three-bearded rockling, sea loach, and sorghe.
Whistler (n.) The golden-eye.
Whistlewing (n.) The American golden-eye.
Whittuesday (n.) The day following Whitmonday; -- called also Whitsun Tuesday.
Wight (n.) A human being; a person, either male or female; -- now used chiefly in irony or burlesque, or in humorous language.
Worsted (n.) Well-twisted yarn spun of long-staple wool which has been combed to lay the fibers parallel, used for carpets, cloth, hosiery, gloves, and the like.
Wraith (n.) Sometimes, improperly, a spirit thought to preside over the waters; -- called also water wraith.
Wrestling (n.) Act of one who wrestles; specif., the sport consisting of the hand-to-hand combat between two unarmed contestants who seek to throw each other.
Wrist (n.) A stud or pin which forms a journal; -- also called wrist pin.
Xenotime (n.) A native phosphate of yttrium occurring in yellowish-brown tetragonal crystals.
Xylitone (n.) A yellow oil having a geraniumlike odor, produced as a side product in making phorone; -- called also xylite oil.
Yenite (n.) A silicate of iron and lime occurring in black prismatic crystals; -- also called ilvaite.
Zaratite (n.) A hydrous carbonate of nickel occurring as an emerald-green incrustation on chromite; -- called also emerald nickel.
Zenith (n.) That point in the visible celestial hemisphere which is vertical to the spectator; the point of the heavens directly overhead; -- opposed to nadir.
Zetetic (n.) A seeker; -- a name adopted by some of the Pyrrhonists.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken
, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".