Words whose 6th letter is L
Abutilon (n.) A genus of malvaceous plants of many species, found in the torrid and temperate zones of both continents; -- called also Indian mallow.
Acicular (a.) Needle-shaped; slender like a needle or bristle, as some leaves or crystals; also, having sharp points like needless.
Aciculiform (a.) Needle-shaped; acicular.
Acidulous (a.) Slightly sour; sub-acid; sourish; as, an acidulous tincture.
Actual (a.) Existing in act or reality; really acted or acting; in fact; real; -- opposed to potential, possible, virtual, speculative, conceivable, theoretical, or nominal; as, the actual cost of goods; the actual case under discussion.
Actualist (n.) One who deals with or considers actually existing facts and conditions, rather than fancies or theories; -- opposed to idealist.
Aiguille (n.) A needle-shaped peak.
Aludel (n.) One of the pear-shaped pots open at both ends, and so formed as to be fitted together, the neck of one into the bottom of another in succession; -- used in the process of sublimation.
Amiable (a.) Possessing sweetness of disposition; having sweetness of temper, kind-heartedness, etc., which causes one to be liked; as, an amiable woman.
Ampulla (n.) A narrow-necked vessel having two handles and bellying out like a jug.
Ampullaceous (a.) Like a bottle or inflated bladder; bottle-shaped; swelling.
Ampullated (a.) Having an ampulla; flask-shaped; bellied.
Ampulliform (a.) Flask-shaped; dilated.
Animalculism (n.) The theory that the spermatozoon and not the ovum contains the whole of the embryo; spermatism; -- opposed to ovism.
Anguilliform (a.) Eel-shaped.
ArecoAnthology (n.) A collection of flowers of literature, that is, beautiful passages from authors; a collection of poems or epigrams; -- particularly applied to a collection of ancient Greek epigrams.
Anticlimax (n.) A sentence in which the ideas fall, or become less important and striking, at the close; -- the opposite of climax. It produces a ridiculous effect.
Appellee (n.) The defendant in an appeal; -- opposed to appellant.
Appellee (n.) The person who is appealed against, or accused of crime; -- opposed to appellor.
Archilute (n.) A large theorbo, or double-necked lute, formerly in use, having the bass strings doubled with an octave, and the higher strings with a unison.
Argilliferous (a.) Producing clay; -- applied to such earths as abound with argil.
Asphaltum (n.) A composition of bitumen, pitch, lime, and gravel, used for forming pavements, and as a water-proof cement for bridges, roofs, etc.; asphaltic cement. Artificial asphalt is prepared from coal tar, lime, sand, etc.
Auricle (n.) The chamber, or one of the two chambers, of the heart, by which the blood is received and transmitted to the ventricle or ventricles; -- so called from its resemblance to the auricle or external ear of some quadrupeds. See Heart.
Auricle (n.) An angular or ear-shaped lobe.
Auricled (a.) Having ear-shaped appendages or lobes; auriculate; as, auricled leaves.
Autoclastic (a.) Broken in place; -- said of rocks having a broken or brecciated structure due to crushing, in contrast to those of brecciated materials brought from a distance.
Autoclave (n.) A kind of French stewpan with a steam-tight lid.
Avicula (n.) A genus of marine bivalves, having a pearly interior, allied to the pearl oyster; -- so called from a supposed resemblance of the typical species to a bird.
Babillard (n.) The lesser whitethroat of Europe; -- called also babbling warbler.
Bachelor (n.) A kind of bass, an edible fresh-water fish (Pomoxys annularis) of the southern United States.
Bacillary (a.) Of or pertaining to little rods; rod-shaped.
Bacilliform (a.) Rod-shaped.
Bacillus (n.) A variety of bacterium; a microscopic, rod-shaped vegetable organism.
Baggala (n.) A two-masted Arab or Indian trading vessel, used in Indian Ocean.
Barbel (n.) A large fresh-water fish ( Barbus vulgaris) found in many European rivers. Its upper jaw is furnished with four barbels.
Barrelled (a.) Having a barrel; -- used in composition; as, a double-barreled gun.
Barruly (a.) Traversed by barrulets or small bars; -- said of the field.
Battel (n.) Provisions ordered from the buttery; also, the charges for them; -- only in the pl., except when used adjectively.
Battalion (n.) An infantry command of two or more companies, which is the tactical unit of the infantry, or the smallest command which is self-supporting upon the battlefield, and also the unit in which the strength of the infantry of an army is expressed.
Bellflower (n.) A plant of the genus Campanula; -- so named from its bell-shaped flowers.
Benzal (n.) A compound radical, C6H5.CH, of the aromatic series, related to benzyl and benzoyl; -- used adjectively or in combination.
Benzyl (n.) A compound radical, C6H5.CH2, related to toluene and benzoic acid; -- commonly used adjectively.
Berylloid (n.) A solid consisting of a double twelve-sided pyramid; -- so called because the planes of this form occur on crystals of beryl.
Besayle (n.) A great-grandfather.
Besayle (n.) A kind of writ which formerly lay where a great-grandfather died seized of lands in fee simple, and on the day of his death a stranger abated or entered and kept the heir out. This is now abolished.
Bevilled (a.) Notched with an angle like that inclosed by a carpenter's bevel; -- said of a partition Binocle (n.) A dioptric telescope, fitted with two tubes joining, so as to enable a person to view an object with both eyes at once; a double-barreled field glass or an opera glass.
Biocellate (a.) Having two ocelli (eyelike spots); -- said of a wing, etc.
Blacklist (v. t.) To put in a black list as deserving of suspicion, censure, or punishment; esp. to put in a list of persons stigmatized as insolvent or untrustworthy, -- as tradesmen and employers do for mutual protection; as, to blacklist a workman who has been discharged. See Black list, under Black, a. Blackstrap (n.) Bad port wine; any common wine of the Mediterranean; -- so called by sailors.
Blameless (a.) Free from blame; without fault; innocent; guiltless; -- sometimes followed by of.
Bloodletting (n.) The act or process of letting blood or bleeding, as by opening a vein or artery, or by cupping or leeches; -- esp. applied to venesection.
Bockelet (n.) A kind of long-winged hawk; -- called also bockerel, and bockeret.
Borofluoride (n.) A double fluoride of boron and hydrogen, or some other positive element, or radical; -- called also fluoboride, and formerly fluoborate.
Bowbell (n.) One born within hearing distance of Bow-bells; a cockney.
Boreal (a.) Designating or pertaining to a terrestrial division consisting of the northern and mountainous parts of both the Old and the New World; -- equivalent to the Holarctic region exclusive of the Transition, Sonoran, and corresponding areas. The term is used by American authors and applied by them chiefly to the Nearctic subregion. The Boreal region includes approximately all of North and Central America in which the mean temperature of the hottest season does not exceed 18? C. (= 64.4?>
Brambling (n.) The European mountain finch (Fringilla montifringilla); -- called also bramble finch and bramble.
Bristle (v. t.) To erect the bristles of; to cause to stand up, as the bristles of an angry hog; -- sometimes with up.
Broadleaf (n.) A tree (Terminalia latifolia) of Jamaica, the wood of which is used for boards, scantling, shingles, etc; -- sometimes called the almond tree, from the shape of its fruit.
Bulbil (n.) A small or secondary bulb; hence, now almost exclusively: An aerial bulb or deciduous bud, produced in the leaf axils, as in the tiger lily, or relpacing the flowers, as in some onions, and capable, when separated, of propagating the plant; -- called also bulblet and brood bud.
Buffalo (n.) A very large and savage species of the same genus (B. Caffer) found in South Africa; -- called also Cape buffalo.
Bummalo (n.) A small marine Asiatic fish (Saurus ophidon) used in India as a relish; -- called also Bombay duck.
Burgall (n.) A small marine fish; -- also called cunner.
Bushel (n.) A dry measure, containing four pecks, eight gallons, or thirty-two quarts.
Bushelman (n.) A tailor's assistant for repairing garments; -- called also busheler.
Byssolite (n.) An olive-green fibrous variety of hornblende.
Cablelaid (a.) Composed of three three-stranded ropes, or hawsers, twisted together to form a cable.
Cablelaid (a.) Twisted after the manner of a cable; as, a cable-laid gold chain.
Cacholong (n.) An opaque or milk-white chalcedony, a variety of quartz; also, a similar variety of opal.
Camail (n.) a hood worn in church services, -- the amice, or the like.
Cancelier (v. i.) To turn in flight; -- said of a hawk.
Candelabrum (n.) A highly ornamented stand of marble or other ponderous material, usually having three feet, -- frequently a votive offering to a temple.
CappeCapellmeister (n.) The musical director in royal or ducal chapel; a choir-master.
Capillaire (n.) A sirup prepared from the maiden-hair, formerly supposed to have medicinal properties.
Capillary (n.) A minute, thin-walled vessel; particularly one of the smallest blood vessels connecting arteries and veins, but used also for the smallest lymphatic and biliary vessels.
Cariole (n.) A small, light, open one-horse carriage
Carnal (a.) Flesh-devouring; cruel; ravenous; bloody.
Carpellum (n.) A simple pistil or single-celled ovary or seed vessel, or one of the parts of a compound pistil, ovary, or seed vessel. See Illust of Carpaphore.
Carvelbuilt (a.) Having the planks meet flush at the seams, instead of lapping as in a clinker-built vessel.
Castile soap () A kind of fine, hard, white or mottled soap, made with olive oil and soda; also, a soap made in imitation of the above-described soap.
Catholic (a.) Not narrow-minded, partial, or bigoted; liberal; as, catholic tastes.
Caudal (a.) Of the nature of, or pertaining to, a tail; having a tail-like appendage.
Causeless (a.) 1. Self-originating; uncreated.
Cavally (n.) A carangoid fish of the Atlantic coast (Caranx hippos): -- called also horse crevalle. [See Illust. under Carangoid.]
Celluloid (n.) A substance composed essentially of gun cotton and camphor, and when pure resembling ivory in texture and color, but variously colored to imitate coral, tortoise shell, amber, malachite, etc. It is used in the manufacture of jewelry and many small articles, as combs, brushes, collars, and cuffs; -- originally called xylonite.
Cental (n.) A weight of one hundred pounds avoirdupois; -- called in many parts of the United States a Hundredweight.
Cephalaspis (n.) A genus of fossil ganoid fishes found in the old red sandstone or Devonian formation. The head is large, and protected by a broad shield-shaped helmet prolonged behind into two lateral points.
Cephalata (n. pl.) A large division of Mollusca, including all except the bivalves; -- so called because the head is distinctly developed. See Illustration in Appendix.
Cephalotomy (n.) Craniotomy; -- usually applied to bisection of the fetal head with a saw.
Cephalous (a.) Having a head; -- applied chiefly to the Cephalata, a division of mollusks.
Cereal (n.) Any grass cultivated for its edible grain, or the grain itself; -- usually in the plural.
Champleve (a.) Having the ground engraved or cut out in the parts to be enameled; inlaid in depressions made in the ground; -- said of a kind of enamel work in which depressions made in the surface are filled with enamel pastes, which are afterward fired; also, designating the process of making such enamel work.
Champleve (a.) Having the ground engraved or cut out in the parts to be enameled; inlaid in depressions made in the ground; -- said of a kind of enamel work in which depressions made in the surface are filled with enamel pastes, which are afterward fired; also, designating the process of making such enamel work.
Chisel (n.) A tool with a cutting edge on one end of a metal blade, used in dressing, shaping, or working in timber, stone, metal, etc.; -- usually driven by a mallet or hammer.
Chivalrous (a.) Pertaining to chivalry or knight-errantry; warlike; heroic; gallant; high-spirited; high-minded; magnanimous.
Chivalry (n.) The dignity or system of knighthood; the spirit, usages, or manners of knighthood; the practice of knight-errantry.
Circulation (n.) The movement of the blood in the blood-vascular system, by which it is brought into close relations with almost every living elementary constituent. Also, the movement of the sap in the vessels and tissues of plants.
Cisatlantic (a.) On this side of the Atlantic Ocean; -- used of the eastern or the western side, according to the standpoint of the writer.
Coneflower (n.) Any plant of the genus Rudbeckia; -- so called from the cone-shaped disk of the flower head. Also, any plant of the related genera Ratibida and Brauneria, the latter usually known as purple coneflower.
Consol (n.) A consolidated annuity (see Consols); -- chiefly in combination or attributively.
Coquille (n.) A shell or shell-like dish or mold in which viands are served.
Coccolith (n.) One of a kind of minute, calcareous bodies, probably vegetable, often abundant in deep-sea mud.
Coerulignone (n.) A bluish violet, crystalCoeval (n.) Of the same age; existing during the same period of time, especially time long and remote; -- usually followed by with.
Comboloio (n.) A Mohammedan rosary, consisting of ninety-nine beads.
Condole (v. i.) To express sympathetic sorrow; to grieve in sympathy; -- followed by with.
Condyle (n.) A bony prominence; particularly, an eminence at the end of a bone bearing a rounded articular surface; -- sometimes applied also to a concave articular surface.
Convolute (a.) Rolled or wound together, one part upon another; -- said of the leaves of plants in aestivation.
Convolvulaceous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the family of plants of which the bindweed and the morning-glory are common examples.
Convolvulus (n.) A large genus of plants having monopetalous flowers, including the common bindweed (C. arwensis), and formerly the morning-glory, but this is now transferred to the genus Ipomaea.
Corallian (n.) A deposit of coralliferous limestone forming a portion of the middle division of the oolite; -- called also coral-rag.
Corallin (n.) A yellow coal-tar dyestuff which probably consists chiefly of rosolic acid. See Aurin, and Rosolic acid under Rosolic.
CoralCordelier (n.) A Franciscan; -- so called in France from the girdle of knotted cord worn by all Franciscans.
Corral (v. t.) To surround and inclose; to coop up; to put into an inclosed space; -- primarily used with reference to securing horses and cattle in an inclosure of wagons while traversing the plains, but in the Southwestern United States now colloquially applied to the capturing, securing, or penning of anything.
Correligionist (n.) A co-religion/ist.
Corselet (n.) Armor for the body, as, the body breastplate and backpiece taken together; -- also, used for the entire suit of the day, including breastplate and backpiece, tasset and headpiece.
Cosmolabe (n.) An instrument resembling the astrolabe, formerly used for measuring the angles between heavenly bodies; -- called also pantacosm.
Cottolene (n.) A product from cotton-seed, used as lard.
Covellite (n.) A native sulphide of copper, occuring in masses of a dark blue color; -- hence called indigo copper.
Crackled (a.) Covered with minute cracks in the glaze; -- said of some kinds of porcelain and fine earthenware.
Crackling (n.) The well-browned, crisp rind of roasted pork.
Cringle (n.) An iron or pope thimble or grommet worked into or attached to the edges and corners of a sail; -- usually in the plural. The cringles are used for making fast the bowCrinoCrosslet (a.) Crossed again; -- said of a cross the arms of which are crossed. SeeCross-crosslet.
Crowflower (n.) A kind of campion; according to Gerarde, the Lychnis Flos-cuculi.
Cripple () A rocky shallow in a stream; -- a lumberman's term.
Crownland (n.) In Austria-Hungary, one of the provinces, or largest administrative divisions of the monarchy; as, the crownland of Lower Austria.
Cucullus (n.) A hood-shaped organ, resembling a cowl or monk's hood, as certain concave and arched sepals or petals.
Cuckoldly (a.) Having the qualities of a cuckold; mean-spirited; sneaking.
Cuneal () Relating to a wedge; wedge-shaped.
Curculio (n.) One of a large group of beetles (Rhynchophora) of many genera; -- called also weevils, snout beetles, billbeetles, and billbugs. Many of the species are very destructive, as the plum curculio, the corn, grain, and rice weevils, etc.
Cyamellone (n.) A complex derivative of cyanogen, regarded as an acid, and known chiefly in its salts; -- called also hydromellonic acid.
Cymbal (n.) A musical instrument of brass, shaped like a circular dish or a flat plate, with a handle at the back; -- used in pairs to produce a sharp ringing sound by clashing them together.
Cypsela (n.) A one-seeded, one-celled, indehiscent fruit; an achene with the calyx tube adherent.
Dactyl (n.) A poetical foot of three sylables (-- ~ ~), one long followed by two short, or one accented followed by two unaccented; as, L. tegm/n/, E. mer\b6ciful; -- so called from the similarity of its arrangement to that of the joints of a finger.
Dactylology (n.) The art of communicating ideas by certain movements and positions of the fingers; -- a method of conversing practiced by the deaf and dumb.
Daedalous (a.) Having a variously cut or incised margin; -- said of leaves.
Dandelion (n.) A well-known plant of the genus Taraxacum (T. officinale, formerly called T. Dens-leonis and Leontodos Taraxacum) bearing large, yellow, compound flowers, and deeply notched leaves.
Decillion (n.) According to the English notation, a million involved to the tenth power, or a unit with sixty ciphers annexed; according to the French and American notation, a thousand involved to the eleventh power, or a unit with thirty-three ciphers annexed. [See the Note under Numeration.]
Decollation (n.) The act of beheading or state of one beheaded; -- especially used of the execution of St. John the Baptist.
Decollete (a.) Leaving the neck and shoulders uncovered; cut low in the neck, or low-necked, as a dress.
Deloul (n.) A special breed of the dromedary used for rapid traveling; the swift camel; -- called also herire, and maharik.
Denial (n.) The act of gainsaying, refusing, or disowning; negation; -- the contrary of affirmation.
Denial (n.) A refusal to acknowledge; disclaimer of connection with; disavowal; -- the contrary of confession; as, the denial of a fault charged on one; a denial of God.
Dental (a.) Formed by the aid of the teeth; -- said of certain articulations and the letters representing them; as, d t are dental letters.
Dentil (n.) A small square block or projection in cornices, a number of which are ranged in an ornamental band; -- used particularly in the Ionic, Corinthian, and Composite orders.
Detail (n.) A minute portion; one of the small parts; a particular; an item; -- used chiefly in the plural; as, the details of a scheme or transaction.
Diabolo (n.) An old game or sport (revived under this name) consisting in whirling on a string, fastened to two sticks, a small somewhat spool-shaped object (called the diabolo) so as to balance it on a string, toss it in the air and catch it, etc.
Discalced (a.) Unshod; barefooted; -- in distinction from calced.
Dismal (a.) Fatal; ill-omened; unlucky.
Dissyllable (n.) A word of two syllables; as, pa-per.
Distyle (a.) Having two columns in front; -- said of a temple, portico, or the like.
Dogbolt (n.) The bolt of the cap-square over the trunnion of a cannon.
Dorsal (a.) Pertaining to, or situated near, the back, or dorsum, of an animal or of one of its parts; notal; tergal; neural; as, the dorsal fin of a fish; the dorsal artery of the tongue; -- opposed to ventral.
Ekasilicon (n.) The name of a hypothetical element predicted and afterwards discovered and named germanium; -- so called because it was a missing analogue of the silicon group. See Germanium, and cf. Ekabor.
Enseel (v. t.) To close eyes of; to seel; -- said in reference to a hawk.
Entail (n.) To settle or fix inalienably on a person or thing, or on a person and his descendants or a certain Entellus (n.) An East Indian long-tailed bearded monkey (Semnopithecus entellus) regarded as sacred by the natives. It is remarkable for the caplike arrangement of the hair on the head. Called also hoonoomaun and hungoor.
Entoglossal (a.) Within the tongue; -- applied to the glossohyal bone.
Entoplastron (n.) The median plate of the plastron of turtles; -- called also entosternum.
Epicolic (a.) Situated upon or over the colon; -- applied to the region of the abdomen adjacent to the colon.
Epistle (n.) A writing directed or sent to a person or persons; a written communication; a letter; -- applied usually to formal, didactic, or elegant letters.
Equable (a.) Equal and uniform; continuing the same at different times; -- said of motion, and the like; uniform in surface; smooth; as, an equable plain or globe.
Equable (a.) Uniform in action or intensity; not variable or changing; -- said of the feelings or temper.
Espauliere (n.) A defense for the shoulder, composed of flexible overlapping plates of metal, used in the 15th century; -- the origin of the modern epaulette.
Establish (a.) To originate and secure the permanent existence of; to found; to institute; to create and regulate; -- said of a colony, a state, or other institutions.
Establish (a.) To set up in business; to place advantageously in a fixed condition; -- used reflexively; as, he established himself in a place; the enemy established themselves in the citadel.
Estoile (n.) A six-pointed star whose rays are wavy, instead of straight like those of a mullet.
Euryale (n.) A genus of ophiurans with much-branched arms.
Exarillate (a.) Having no aril; -- said of certain seeds, or of the plants producing them.
Excellence (n.) A title of honor or respect; -- more common in the form excellency.
Excellent (a.) Superior in kind or degree, irrespective of moral quality; -- used with words of a bad significance.
Excellently (adv.) In a high or superior degree; -- in this literal use, not implying worthiness.
Faintling (a.) Timorous; feeble-minded.
Falcula (n.) A curved and sharp-pointed claw.
Fertile (a.) Capable of producing fruit; fruit-bearing; as, fertile flowers.
Fertile (a.) Containing pollen; -- said of anthers.
Fibrolite (n.) A silicate of alumina, of fibrous or columnar structure. It is like andalusite in composition; -- called also sillimanite, and bucholizite.
Fireflaire (n.) A European sting ray of the genus Trygon (T. pastinaca); -- called also fireflare and fiery flaw.
Firstling (n.) The first produce or offspring; -- said of animals, especially domestic animals; as, the firstlings of his flock.
Firstly (adv.) In the first place; before anything else; -- sometimes improperly used for first.
Fiscal (n.) The solicitor in Spain and Portugal; the attorney-general.
Fistula (n.) A permanent abnormal opening into the soft parts with a constant discharge; a deep, narrow, chronic abscess; an abnormal opening between an internal cavity and another cavity or the surface; as, a salivary fistula; an anal fistula; a recto-vaginal fistula.
Fistuliform (a.) Of a fistular form; tubular; pipe-shaped.
Flabelliform (a.) Having the form of a fan; fan-shaped; flabellate.
FlabelFlagellant (n.) One of a fanatical sect which flourished in Europe in the 13th and 14th centuries, and maintained that flagellation was of equal virtue with baptism and the sacrament; -- called also disciplinant.
Flintlock (n.) A hand firearm fitted with a flintlock; esp., the old-fashioned musket of European and other armies.
Flugel (n.) A grand piano or a harpsichord, both being wing-shaped.
Fortalice (n.) A small outwork of a fortification; a fortilage; -- called also fortelace.
Frazzle (v. t.) To fray; to wear or pull into tatters or tag ends; to tatter; -- used literally and figuratively.
Frazzle (n.) The act or result of frazzling; the condition or quality of being frazzled; the tag end; a frayed-out end.
Frejol () The beanlike seed of any of several related plants, as the cowpea. Frijoles are an important article of diet among Spanish-American peoples, being used as an ingredient of many dishes.
Fritillaria (n.) A genus of liliaceous plants, of which the crown-imperial (Fritillaria imperialis) is one species, and the Guinea-hen flower (F. Meleagris) another. See Crown-imperial.
Fritillary (n.) A plant with checkered petals, of the genus Fritillaria: the Guinea-hen flower. See Fritillaria.
Fritillary (n.) One of several species of butterflies belonging to Argynnis and allied genera; -- so called because the coloring of their wings resembles that of the common Fritillaria. See Aphrodite.
Frugality (n.) The quality of being frugal; prudent economy; that careful management of anything valuable which expends nothing unnecessarily, and applies what is used to a profitable purpose; thrift; --- opposed to extravagance.
Furzeling (n.) An English warbler (Melizophilus provincialis); -- called also furze wren, and Dartford warbler.
Gadwall (n.) A large duck (Anas strepera), valued as a game bird, found in the northern parts of Europe and America; -- called also gray duck.
Garrulous (a.) Having a loud, harsh note; noisy; -- said of birds; as, the garrulous roller.
Gavial (n.) A large Asiatic crocodilian (Gavialis Gangeticus); -- called also nako, and Gangetic crocodile.
Gazelle (n.) One of several small, swift, elegantly formed species of antelope, of the genus Gazella, esp. G. dorcas; -- called also algazel, corinne, korin, and kevel. The gazelles are celebrated for the luster and soft expression of their eyes.
Gentile (a.) One of a non-Jewish nation; one neither a Jew nor a Christian; a worshiper of false gods; a heathen.
Gentility (n.) The quality or qualities appropriate to those who are well born, as self-respect, dignity, courage, courtesy, politeness of manner, a graceful and easy mien and behavior, etc.; good breeding.
Gentilize (v. i.) To act the gentleman; -- with it (see It, 5).
Gibraltar (n.) A kind of candy sweetmeat, or a piece of it; -- called, in full, Gibraltar rock.
Globular (a.) Globe-shaped; having the form of a ball or sphere; spherical, or nearly so; as, globular atoms.
Glomuliferous (a.) Having small clusters of minutely branched coral-like excrescences.
Goldylocks (n.) A plant of several species of the genus Chrysocoma; -- so called from the tufts of yellow flowers which terminate the stems; also, the Ranunculus auricomus, a kind of buttercup.
Gondola (n.) A flat-bottomed boat for freight.
Grackle (n.) One of several American blackbirds, of the family Icteridae; as, the rusty grackle (Scolecophagus Carolinus); the boat-tailed grackle (see Boat-tail); the purple grackle (Quiscalus quiscula, or Q. versicolor). See Crow blackbird, under Crow.
Graille (n.) A halfround single-cut file or fioat, having one curved face and one straight face, -- used by comb makers.
Granulite (n.) A whitish, granular rock, consisting of feldspar and quartz intimately mixed; -- sometimes called whitestone, and leptynite.
Grimalkin (n.) An old cat, esp. a she-cat.
Grindle (n.) The bowfin; -- called also Johnny Grindle.
Grumble (v. i.) To murmur or mutter with discontent; to make ill-natured complaints in a low voice and a surly manner.
Gunnel (n.) A small, eel-shaped, marine fish of the genus Muraenoides; esp., M. gunnellus of Europe and America; -- called also gunnel fish, butterfish, rock eel.
Gunwale (n.) The upper edge of a vessel's or boat's side; the uppermost wale of a ship (not including the bulwarks); or that piece of timber which reaches on either side from the quarter-deck to the forecastle, being the uppermost bend, which finishes the upper works of the hull.
Hallelujah (n. & interj.) Praise ye Jehovah; praise ye the Lord; -- an exclamation used chiefly in songs of praise or thanksgiving to God, and as an expression of gratitude or adoration.
Heliolite (n.) A fossil coral of the genus Heliolites, having twelve-rayed cells. It is found in the Silurian rocks.
Hemselven (pron.) Themselves; -- used reflexively.
Herself (pron.) An emphasized form of the third person feminine pronoun; -- used as a subject with she; as, she herself will bear the blame; also used alone in the predicate, either in the nominative or objective case; as, it is herself; she blames herself.
Himself (pron.) An emphasized form of the third person mascuHistology (n.) That branch of biological science, which treats of the minute (microscopic) structure of animal and vegetable tissues; -- called also histiology.
Horseless (a.) Being without a horse; specif., not requiring a horse; -- said of certain vehicles in which horse power has been replaced by electricity, steam, etc.; as, a horseless carriage or truck.
Holoblastic (a.) Undergoing complete segmentation; composed entirely of germinal matter, the whole of the yolk undergoing fission; -- opposed to meroblastic.
Homoplast (n.) One of the plastids composing the idorgan of Haeckel; -- also called homoorgan.
Houseleek (n.) A succulent plant of the genus Sempervivum (S. tectorum), originally a native of subalpine Europe, but now found very generally on old walls and roofs. It is very tenacious of life under drought and heat; -- called also ayegreen.
HouseHummel (v. t.) To separate from the awns; -- said of barley.
Hypoglossal (a.) Under the tongue; -- applied esp., in the higher vertebrates, to the twelfth or last pair of cranial nerves, which are distributed to the base of the tongue.
Hypoplastron (n.) The third lateral plate in the plastron of turtles; -- called also hyposternum.
Iconolatry (n.) The worship of images as symbols; -- distinguished from idolatry, the worship of images themselves.
Idioelectric (a.) Electric by virtue of its own peculiar properties; capable of becoming electrified by friction; -- opposed to anelectric.
Idioplasma (n.) That portion of the cell protoplasm which is the seat of all active changes, and which carries on the function of hereditary transmission; -- distinguished from the other portion, which is termed nutritive plasma. See Hygroplasm.
Ignoble (a.) Not a true or noble falcon; -- said of certain hawks, as the goshawk.
Induplicate (a.) Having the edges bent abruptly toward the axis; -- said of the parts of the calyx or corolla in aestivation.
Induplicate (a.) Having the edges rolled inward and then arranged about the axis without overlapping; -- said of leaves in vernation.
Infield (n.) Arable and manured land kept continually under crop; -- distinguished from outfield.
Infield (n.) The diamond; -- opposed to outfield. See Diamond, n., 5.
Infralabial (a.) Below the lower lip; -- said of certain scales of reptiles and fishes.
Infralapsarian (n.) One of that class of Calvinists who consider the decree of election as contemplating the apostasy as past and the elect as being at the time of election in a fallen and guilty state; -- opposed to Supralapsarian. The former considered the election of grace as a remedy for an existing evil; the latter regarded the fall as a part of God's original purpose in regard to men.
Inocular (a.) Inserted in the corner of the eye; -- said of the antenn/ of certain insects.
Inoculate (v. t.) Fig.: To introduce into the mind; -- used especially of harmful ideas or principles; to imbue; as, to inoculate one with treason or infidelity.
Intaglio (n.) A cutting or engraving; a figure cut into something, as a gem, so as to make a design depressed below the surface of the material; hence, anything so carved or impressed, as a gem, matrix, etc.; -- opposed to cameo. Also used adjectively.
Intelligence (n.) An intelligent being or spirit; -- generally applied to pure spirits; as, a created intelligence.
IridoJumelle (a.) Twin; paired; -- said of various objects made or formed in pairs, as a binocular opera glass, a pair of gimmal rings, etc.
Jovial (a.) Gay; merry; joyous; jolly; mirth-inspiring; hilarious; characterized by mirth or jollity; as, a jovial youth; a jovial company; a jovial poem.
Kendal () A cloth colored green by dye obtained from the woad-waxen, formerly used by Flemish weavers at Kendal, in Westmoreland, England.
Kiteflying (n.) A mode of raising money, or sustaining one's credit, by the use of paper which is merely nominal; -- called also kiting.
Knuckle (n.) A contrivance, usually of brass or iron, and furnished with points, worn to protect the hand, to add force to a blow, and to disfigure the person struck; as, brass knuckles; -- called also knuckle duster.
Knuckle (v. i.) To yield; to submit; -- used with down, to, or under.
Lamellicorn (a.) Having antennae terminating in a group of flat lamellae; -- said of certain coleopterous insects.
Lamellicorn (a.) Terminating in a group of flat lamellae; -- said of antennae.
Lamellicornia (n. pl.) A group of lamellicorn, plant-eating beetles; -- called also Lamellicornes.
Laurel (n.) An evergreen shrub, of the genus Laurus (L. nobilis), having aromatic leaves of a lanceolate shape, with clusters of small, yellowish white flowers in their axils; -- called also sweet bay.
Laurel (n.) A crown of laurel; hence, honor; distinction; fame; -- especially in the plural; as, to win laurels.
Legible (a.) Capable of being read or deciphered; distinct to the eye; plain; -- used of writing or printing; as, a fair, legible manuscript.
Legislative (a.) Making, or having the power to make, a law or laws; lawmaking; -- distinguished from executive; as, a legislative act; a legislative body.
Liability (n.) the sum of one's pecuniary obligations; -- opposed to assets.
Liangle (n.) A heavy weapon of the Australian aborigines with a sharp-pointed end, about nine inches in length, projecting at right angles from the main part.
Libellee (n.) The party against whom a libel has been filed; -- corresponding to defendant in a common law action.
Loblolly (n.) Gruel; porridge; -- so called among seamen.
Logrolling (n.) Hence: A combining to assist another in consideration of receiving assistance in return; -- sometimes used of a disreputable mode of accomplishing political schemes or ends.
Longiloquence (n.) Long-windedness.
Luckily (adv.) In a lucky manner; by good fortune; fortunately; -- used in a good sense; as, they luckily escaped injury.
Magdala (a.) Designating an orange-red dyestuff obtained from naphthylamine, and called magdala red, naphthalene red, etc.
Magnolia (n.) A genus of American and Asiatic trees, with aromatic bark and large sweet-scented whitish or reddish flowers.
Mammaliferous (a.) Containing mammalian remains; -- said of certain strata.
Mammillated (a.) Bounded like a nipple; -- said of the apex of some shells.
Manacle (n.) A handcuff; a shackle for the hand or wrist; -- usually in the plural.
Mandelic (a.) Pertaining to an acid first obtained from benzoic aldehyde (oil of better almonds), as a white crystalMantel (n.) The finish around a fireplace, covering the chimney-breast in front and sometimes on both sides; especially, a shelf above the fireplace, and its supports.
Mantelet (n.) A musket-proof shield of rope, wood, or metal, which is sometimes used for the protection of sappers or riflemen while attacking a fortress, or of gunners at embrasures; -- now commonly written mantlet.
Mantilla (n.) A kind of veil, covering the head and falling down upon the shoulders; -- worn in Spain, Mexico, etc.
Maxilloturbinal (n.) The maxillo-turbinal, or inferior turbinate, bone.
Maypole (n.) A tall pole erected in an open place and wreathed with flowers, about which the rustic May-day sports were had.
Medialuna (n.) See Half-moon.
Merciless (a.) Destitute of mercy; cruel; unsparing; -- said of animate beings, and also, figuratively, of things; as, a merciless tyrant; merciless waves.
Meroblast (n.) An ovum, as that of a mammal, only partially composed of germinal matter, that is, consisting of both a germinal portion and an albuminous or nutritive one; -- opposed to holoblast.
Meroblastic (a.) Consisting only in part of germinal matter; characterized by partial segmentation only; as, meroblastic ova, in which a portion of the yolk only undergoes fission; meroblastic segmentation; -- opposed to holoblastic.
Mesial (a.) Middle; median; in, or in the region of, the mesial plane; internal; -- opposed to lateral.
MetalMetalloid (n.) Formerly, the metallic base of a fixed alkali, or alkaMethylene (n.) A hydrocarbon radical, CH2, not known in the free state, but regarded as an essential residue and component of certain derivatives of methane; as, methylene bromide, CH2Br2; -- formerly called also methene.
Miscellane (n.) A mixture of two or more sorts of grain; -- now called maslin and meslin.
Modillion (n.) The enriched block or horizontal bracket generally found under the cornice of the Corinthian and Composite entablature, and sometimes, less ornamented, in the Ionic and other orders; -- so called because of its arrangement at regulated distances.
Monoclinal (a.) Having one oblique inclination; -- applied to strata that dip in only one direction from the axis of elevation.
Monoclinic (a.) Having one oblique intersection; -- said of that system of crystallization in which the vertical axis is incMoonblind (a.) Dim-sighted; purblind.
Moonblink (n.) A temporary blindness, or impairment of sight, said to be caused by sleeping in the moonlight; -- sometimes called nyctalopia.
Moonflower (n.) The oxeye daisy; -- called also moon daisy.
Moonflower (n.) A kind of morning glory (Ipomoea Bona-nox) with large white flowers opening at night.
Morello (n.) A kind of nearly black cherry with dark red flesh and juice, -- used chiefly for preserving.
Mudsill (n.) Fig.: A person of the lowest stratum of society; -- a term of opprobrium or contempt.
Mudwall (n.) The European bee-eater. See Bee-eater.
Multilateral (a.) Having many sides; many-sided.
Muscular (a.) Well furnished with muscles; having well-developed muscles; brawny; hence, strong; powerful; vigorous; as, a muscular body or arm.
Musculospiral (a.) Of or pertaining to the muscles, and taking a spiral course; -- applied esp. to a large nerve of the arm.
Mussel (n.) Any one of numerous species of Unio, and related fresh-water genera; -- called also river mussel. See Naiad, and Unio.
Nautilus (n.) The argonaut; -- also called paper nautilus. See Argonauta, and Paper nautilus, under Paper.
Neural (a.) relating to the nerves or nervous system; taining to, situated in the region of, or on the side with, the neural, or cerebro-spinal, axis; -- opposed to hemal. As applied to vertebrates, neural is the same as dorsal; as applied to invertebrates it is usually the same as ventral. Cf. Hemal.
Niccolite (n.) A mineral of a copper-red color and metallic luster; an arsenide of nickel; -- called also coppernickel, kupfernickel.
Nickel (n.) A bright silver-white metallic element. It is of the iron group, and is hard, malleable, and ductile. It occurs combined with sulphur in millerite, with arsenic in the mineral niccolite, and with arsenic and sulphur in nickel glance. Symbol Ni. Atomic weight 58.6.
Nickel (n.) A small coin made of or containing nickel; esp., a five-cent piece.
Noctiluca (n.) That which shines at night; -- a fanciful name for phosphorus.
Nonillion (n.) According to the French and American notation, a thousand octillions, or a unit with thirty ciphers annexed; according to the English notation, a million octillions, or a unit with fifty-four ciphers annexed. See the Note under Numeration.
Normal (a.) Denoting that series of hydrocarbons in which no carbon atom is united with more than two other carbon atoms; as, normal pentane, hexane, etc. Cf. Iso-.
Notable (a.) Well-known; notorious.
Nuchal (a.) Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the back, or nape, of the neck; -- applied especially to the anterior median plate in the carapace of turtles.
Overglaze (a.) Applied over the glaze; -- said of enamel paintings, which sometimes are seen to project from the surface of the ware.
Overglaze (a.) Suitable for applying upon the glaze; -- said of vitrifiable colors used in ceramic decoration.
Obdiplostemonous (a.) Having twice as many stamens as petals, those of the outer set being opposite the petals; -- said of flowers.
Octillion (n.) According to the French method of numeration (which method is followed also in the United States) the number expressed by a unit with twenty-seven ciphers annexed. According to the English method, the number expressed by a unit with forty-eight ciphers annexed. See Numeration.
Olivil (n.) A white crystalOmphalotomy (n.) The operation of dividing the navel-string.
Ophicleide (n.) A large brass wind instrument, formerly used in the orchestra and in military bands, having a loud tone, deep pitch, and a compass of three octaves; -- now generally supplanted by bass and contrabass tubas.
Opodeldoc (n.) A kind of plaster, said to have been invented by Mindererus, -- used for external injuries.
Ordeal (n.) An ancient form of test to determine guilt or innocence, by appealing to a supernatural decision, -- once common in Europe, and still practiced in the East and by savage tribes.
Orderly (a.) Performed in good or established order; well-regulated.
Oscillaria (n.) A genus of dark green, or purplish black, filamentous, fresh-water algae, the threads of which have an automatic swaying or crawling motion. Called also Oscillatoria.
Ourselves (pron.) ; sing. Ourself (/). An emphasized form of the pronoun of the first person plural; -- used as a subject, usually with we; also, alone in the predicate, in the nominative or the objective case.
Oxanillamide (n.) A white crystalOxanilic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, oxalic acid and aniOxanilide (n.) a white crystalOxheal (n.) Same as Bear's-foot.
Oxidulated (a.) Existing in the state of a protoxide; -- said of an oxide.
Padella (n.) A large cup or deep saucer, containing fatty matter in which a wick is placed, -- used for public illuminations, as at St. Peter's, in Rome. Called also padelle.
Parallel (n.) That arrangement of an electrical system in which all positive poles, electrodes, terminals, etc., are joined to one conductor, and all negative poles, etc., to another conductor; -- called also multiple. Opposed to series.
Parnellite (n.) One of the adherents of Charles Stewart Parnell (1846-91) in his advocacy of home rule for Ireland.
Pangolin (n.) Any one of several species of Manis, Pholidotus, and related genera, found in Africa and Asia. They are covered with imbricated scales, and feed upon ants. Called also scaly ant-eater.
Pantalet (n.) One of the legs of the loose drawers worn by children and women; particularly, the lower part of such a garment, coming below the knee, often made in a separate piece; -- chiefly in the plural.
Paraclete (n.) An advocate; one called to aid or support; hence, the Consoler, Comforter, or Intercessor; -- a term applied to the Holy Spirit.
Parallel (a.) Having the same direction or tendency; running side by side; being in accordance (with); tending to the same result; -- used with to and with.
Parallelism (n.) Similarity of construction or meaning of clauses placed side by side, especially clauses expressing the same sentiment with slight modifications, as is common in Hebrew poetry; e. g.: --//At her feet he bowed, he fell:/Where he bowed, there he fell down dead. Judg. v. 27.
Parallelogram (n.) A right-Parcel (v. t.) To divide and distribute by parts or portions; -- often with out or into.
Parillin (n.) A glucoside resembling saponin, found in the root of sarsaparilla, smilax, etc., and extracted as a bitter white crystalParrel (n.) A chimney-piece.
Pastille (n.) A small cone or mass made of paste of gum, benzoin, cinnamon, and other aromatics, -- used for fumigating or scenting the air of a room.
Pellile (n.) The redshank; -- so called from its note.
Pencel (n.) A small, narrow flag or streamer borne at the top of a lance; -- called also pennoncel.
Pencil (n.) A slender cylinder or strip of black lead, colored chalk, slate etc., or such a cylinder or strip inserted in a small wooden rod intended to be pointed, or in a case, which forms a handle, -- used for drawing or writing. See Graphite.
Pentalpha (n.) A five-pointed star, resembling five alphas joined at their bases; -- used as a symbol.
Pinocle (n.) A game at cards, played with forty-eight cards, being all the cards above the eight spots in two packs.
Percale (n.) A fine cotton fabric, having a Perchloric (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, the highest oxygen acid (HClO4), of chlorine; -- called also hyperchloric.
Perfoliate (a.) Having the basal part produced around the stem; -- said of leaves which the stem apparently passes directory through.
Persulphide (n.) A sulphide containing more sulphur than some other compound of the same elements; as, iron pyrites is a persulphide; -- formerly called persulphuret.
Persulphocyanogen (n.) An orange-yellow substance, produced by the action of chlorine or boiling dilute nitric acid and sulphocyanate of potassium; -- called also pseudosulphocyanogen, perthiocyanogen, and formerly sulphocyanogen.
Pestalozzian (a.) Belonging to, or characteristic of, a system of elementary education which combined manual training with other instruction, advocated and practiced by Jean Henri Pestalozzi (1746-1827), a Swiss teacher.
Peneplain (n.) A land surface reduced by erosion to the general condition of a plain, but not wholly devoid of hills; a base-level plain.
PercaPergolo (n.) A continuous colonnade or arcade; -- applied to the decorative groups of windows, as in Venetian palazzi.
Permulator (n.) A special form of rotary converter with stationary commutator and rotating brushes, in which the exciting field is induced by the alternating current in a short-circuited magnetic core instead of being produced by an external magnet.
Phonolite (n.) A compact, feldspathic, igneous rock containing nephelite, hauynite, etc. Thin slabs give a ringing sound when struck; -- called also clinkstone.
Physalia (n.) A genus of large oceanic Siphonophora which includes the Portuguese man-of-war.
Phytolithology (n.) The branch of science which treats of fossil plants; -- usually called paleobotany, sometimes paleophytology.
Piccalilli (n.) A pickle of various vegetables with pungent species, -- originally made in the East Indies.
Pimpillo (n.) A West Indian name for the prickly pear (Opuntia); -- called also pimploes.
Pinnulate (a.) Having each pinna subdivided; -- said of a leaf, or of its pinnae.
Pistil (n.) The seed-bearing organ of a flower. It consists of an ovary, containing the ovules or rudimentary seeds, and a stigma, which is commonly raised on an elongated portion called a style. When composed of one carpel a pistil is simple; when composed of several, it is compound. See Illust. of Flower, and Ovary.
Pistillate (a.) Having a pistil or pistils; -- usually said of flowers having pistils but no stamens.
Pistol (n.) The smallest firearm used, intended to be fired from one hand, -- now of many patterns, and bearing a great variety of names. See Illust. of Revolver.
Plagal (a.) Having a scale running from the dominant to its octave; -- said of certain old church modes or tunes, as opposed to those called authentic, which ran from the tonic to its octave.
Planula (n.) The very young, free-swimming larva of the coelenterates. It usually has a flattened oval or oblong form, and is entirely covered with cilia.
Pliable (v.) Flexible in disposition; readily yielding to influence, arguments, persuasion, or discipPluckless (a.) Without pluck; timid; faint-hearted.
Poecilitic (a.) Mottled with various colors; variegated; spotted; -- said of certain rocks.
Porcelain (n.) A fine translucent or semitransculent kind of earthenware, made first in China and Japan, but now also in Europe and America; -- called also China, or China ware.
Porcelainized (a.) Baked like potter's lay; -- applied to clay shales that have been converted by heat into a substance resembling porcelain.
Porcellaneous (a.) Having a smooth, compact shell without pores; -- said of certain Foraminifera.
Porcelanite (n.) A semivitrified clay or shale, somewhat resembling jasper; -- called also porcelain jasper.
Postulate (n.) Something demanded or asserted; especially, a position or supposition assumed without proof, or one which is considered as self-evident; a truth to which assent may be demanded or challenged, without argument or evidence.
Postulate (n.) The enunciation of a self-evident problem, in distinction from an axiom, which is the enunciation of a self-evident theorem.
Poncelet (n.) A unit of power, being the power obtained from an expenditure of one hundred kilogram-meters of energy per second. One poncelet equals g watts, when g is the value of the acceleration of gravity in centimeters.
Prickle (n.) A kind of willow basket; -- a term still used in some branches of trade.
Prickle (n.) A sieve of filberts, -- about fifty pounds.
Pricklouse (n.) A tailor; -- so called in contempt.
Proteles (n.) A South Africa genus of Carnivora, allied to the hyenas, but smaller and having weaker jaws and teeth. It includes the aard-wolf.
Prunello (n.) A smooth woolen stuff, generally black, used for making shoes; a kind of lasting; -- formerly used also for clergymen's gowns.
Prunelle (n.) A kind of small and very acid French plum; -- applied especially to the stoned and dried fruit.
Pteryla (n.) One of the definite areas of the skin of a bird on which feathers grow; -- contrasted with apteria.
Pulvil (n.) A sweet-scented powder; pulvillio.
Pulvillo (n.) A kind of perfume in the form of a powder, formerly much used, -- often in little bags.
Purfile (n.) A sort of ancient trimming of tinsel and thread for women's gowns; -- called also bobbinwork.
Pusillanimous (a.) Destitute of a manly or courageous strength and firmness of mind; of weak spirit; mean-spirited; spiritless; cowardly; -- said of persons, as, a pussillanimous prince.
Quesal (n.) The long-tailed, or resplendent, trogon (Pharomachus mocinno, formerly Trogon resplendens), native of Southern Mexico and Central America. Called also quetzal, and golden trogon.
Quicklime (a.) Calcium oxide; unslacked lime; -- so called because when wet it develops great heat. See 4th Lime, 2.
Quinaldine (n.) A colorless liquid of a slightly pungent odor, C9H6N.CH3, first obtained as a condensation product of aldehyde and aniRaskolnik (n.) The name applied by the Russian government to any subject of the Greek faith who dissents from the established church. The Raskolniki embrace many sects, whose common characteristic is a clinging to antique traditions, habits, and customs. The schism originated in 1667 in an ecclesiastical dispute as to the correctness of the translation of the religious books. The dissenters, who have been continually persecuted, are believed to number about 20,000,000, although the Holy Synod >
Ragguled (a.) Notched in regular diagonal breaks; -- said of a Rascal (v.) One of the rabble; a low, common sort of person or creature; collectively, the rabble; the common herd; also, a lean, ill-conditioned beast, esp. a deer.
Rascally (a.) Like a rascal; trickish or dishonest; base; worthless; -- often in humorous disparagement, without implication of dishonesty.
Recollect (v. t.) Reflexively, to compose one's self; to recover self-command; as, to recollect one's self after a burst of anger; -- sometimes, formerly, in the perfect participle.
Recollect (n.) A friar of the Strict Observance, -- an order of Franciscans.
Recollection (n.) The act or practice of collecting or concentrating the mind; concentration; self-control.
Reduplicate (a.) Valvate with the margins curved outwardly; -- said of the /stivation of certain flowers.
Reptilia (n. pl.) A class of air-breathing oviparous vertebrates, usually covered with scales or bony plates. The heart generally has two auricles and one ventricle. The development of the young is the same as that of birds.
Retail (v.) The sale of commodities in small quantities or parcels; -- opposed to wholesale; sometimes, the sale of commodities at second hand.
Ressaldar (n.) In the Anglo-Indian army, a native commander of a ressala.
Rhinolophid (n.) Any species of the genus Rhinilophus, or family Rhinolophidae, having a horseshoe-shaped nasal crest; a horseshoe bat.
Ridgeling (n.) A half-castrated male animal.
Ritualism (n.) Specifically :(a) The principles and practices of those in the Church of England, who in the development of the Oxford movement, so-called, have insisted upon a return to the use in church services of the symbolic ornaments (altar cloths, encharistic vestments, candles, etc.) that were sanctioned in the second year of Edward VI., and never, as they maintain, forbidden by competennt authority, although generally disused. Schaff-Herzog Encyc. (b) Also, the principles and practices>
Roughleg (n.) Any one of several species of large hawks of the genus Archibuteo, having the legs feathered to the toes. Called also rough-legged hawk, and rough-legged buzzard.
Rubella (n.) An acute specific disease with a dusky red cutaneous eruption resembling that of measles, but unattended by catarrhal symptoms; -- called also German measles.
Santalic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, sandalwood (Santalum); -- used specifically to designate an acid obtained as a resinous or red crystalSarcelle (n.) The old squaw, or long-tailed duck.
SarcoSchoolmistress (n.) A woman who governs and teaches a school; a female school-teacher.
Scumble (v. t.) To cover lighty, as a painting, or a drawing, with a thin wash of opaque color, or with color-crayon dust rubbed on with the stump, or to make any similar additions to the work, so as to produce a softened effect.
Scutellated (a.) Having the tarsi covered with broad transverse scales, or scutella; -- said of certain birds.
Scutelliplantar (a.) Having broad scutella on the front, and small scales on the posterior side, of the tarsus; -- said of certain birds.
Scuttle (n.) A wide-mouthed vessel for holding coal: a coal hod.
Sectile (a.) Capable of being cut; specifically (Min.), capable of being severed by the knife with a smooth cut; -- said of minerals.
Semifloscule (n.) A floscule, or florest, with its corolla prolonged into a strap-shaped petal; -- called also semifloret.
Septillion (n.) According to the French method of numeration (which is followed also in the United States), the number expressed by a unit with twenty-four ciphers annexed. According to the English method, the number expressed by a unit with forty-two ciphers annexed. See Numeration.
Serpula (n.) Any one of numerous species of tubicolous annelids of the genus Serpula and allied genera of the family Serpulidae. They secrete a calcareous tube, which is usually irregularly contorted, but is sometimes spirally coiled. The worm has a wreath of plumelike and often bright-colored gills around its head, and usually an operculum to close the aperture of its tube when it retracts.
Serrula (n.) The red-breasted merganser.
Servile (n.) An element which forms no part of the original root; -- opposed to radical.
Sessile (a.) Permanently attached; -- said of the gonophores of certain hydroids which never became detached.
Sextillion (n.) According to the method of numeration (which is followed also in the United States), the number expressed by a unit with twenty-one ciphers annexed. According to the English method, a million raised to the sixth power, or the number expressed by a unit with thirty-six ciphers annexed. See Numeration.
Shackle (n.) A link for connecting railroad cars; -- called also drawlink, draglink, etc.
Shameless (a.) Destitute of shame; wanting modesty; brazen-faced; insensible to disgrace.
Shapeless (a.) Destitute of shape or regular form; wanting symmetry of dimensions; misshapen; -- opposed to shapely.
Shapely (superl.) Well-formed; having a regular shape; comely; symmetrical.
Shingle (n.) Round, water-worn, and loose gravel and pebbles, or a collection of roundish stones, such as are common on the seashore and elsewhere.
Shingle (n.) A piece of wood sawed or rived thin and small, with one end thinner than the other, -- used in covering buildings, especially roofs, the thick ends of one row overlapping the thin ends of the row below.
Shovelboard (n.) A game played on board ship in which the aim is to shove or drive with a cue wooden disks into divisions chalked on the deck; -- called also shuffleboard.
Shoveler (n.) A river duck (Spatula clypeata), native of Europe and America. It has a large bill, broadest towards the tip. The male is handsomely variegated with green, blue, brown, black, and white on the body; the head and neck are dark green. Called also broadbill, spoonbill, shovelbill, and maiden duck. The Australian shoveler, or shovel-nosed duck (S. rhynchotis), is a similar species.
Shovelhead (n.) A shark (Sphryna tiburio) allied to the hammerhead, and native of the warmer parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans; -- called also bonnet shark.
Shovelnose (n.) A ganoid fish of the Sturgeon family (Scaphirhynchus platyrhynchus) of the Mississippi and Ohio rivers; -- called also white sturgeon.
Shrill (v. i.) Acute; sharp; piercing; having or emitting a sharp, piercing tone or sound; -- said of a sound, or of that which produces a sound.
Sigillaria (n.) A genus of fossil trees principally found in the coal formation; -- so named from the seallike leaf scars in vertical rows on the surface.
Sigillated (a.) Decorated by means of stamps; -- said of pottery.
Simnel (n.) A kind of rich plum cake, eaten especially on Mid-Lent Sunday.
Singular (a.) Denoting one person or thing; as, the singular number; -- opposed to dual and plural.
Singular (a.) Departing from general usage or expectations; odd; whimsical; -- often implying disapproval or consure.
Sinople (n.) Ferruginous quartz, of a blood-red or brownish red color, sometimes with a tinge of yellow.
Snaffle (n.) A kind of bridle bit, having a joint in the part to be placed in the mouth, and rings and cheek pieces at the ends, but having no curb; -- called also snaffle bit.
Socialism (n.) A theory or system of social reform which contemplates a complete reconstruction of society, with a more just and equitable distribution of property and labor. In popular usage, the term is often employed to indicate any lawless, revolutionary social scheme. See Communism, Fourierism, Saint-Simonianism, forms of socialism.
Soulili (n.) A long-tailed, crested Javan monkey (Semnopithecus mitratus). The head, the crest, and the upper surface of the tail, are black.
Speculate (v. i.) To purchase with the expectation of a contingent advance in value, and a consequent sale at a profit; -- often, in a somewhat depreciative sense, of unsound or hazardous transactions; as, to speculate in coffee, in sugar, or in bank stock.
Speculum (n.) A mirror, or looking-glass; especially, a metal mirror, as in Greek and Roman archaeology.
Spindle (n.) Any marine univalve shell of the genus Rostellaria; -- called also spindle stromb.
Spindleshanks (n.) A person with slender shanks, or legs; -- used humorously or in contempt.
Spirillum (n.) A genus of common motile microorganisms (Spirobacteria) having the form of spiral-shaped filaments. One species is said to be the cause of relapsing fever.
Squally (a.) Not equally good throughout; not uniform; uneven; faulty; -- said of cloth.
Stability (a.) Fixedness; -- as opposed to fluidity.
Startlish (a.) Easily startled; apt to start; startish; skittish; -- said especially of a hourse.
Stimulant (n.) An agent which produces a temporary increase of vital activity in the organism, or in any of its parts; -- sometimes used without qualification to signify an alcoholic beverage used as a stimulant.
Stumble (v. i.) To strike or happen (upon a person or thing) without design; to fall or light by chance; -- with on, upon, or against.
Styrolene (n.) An unsaturated hydrocarbon, C8H8, obtained by the distillation of storax, by the decomposition of cinnamic acid, and by the condensation of acetylene, as a fragrant, aromatic, mobile liquid; -- called also phenyl ethylene, vinyl benzene, styrol, styrene, and cinnamene.
Styryl (n.) A hypothetical radical found in certain derivatives of styrolene and cinnamic acid; -- called also cinnyl, or cinnamyl.
Superlative (a.) Expressing the highest or lowest degree of the quality, manner, etc., denoted by an adjective or an adverb. The superlative degree is formed from the positive by the use of -est, most, or least; as, highest, most pleasant, least bright.
Superlunary (a.) Being above the moon; not belonging to this world; -- opposed to sublunary.
Sustaltic (a.) Mournful; -- said of a species of music among the ancient Greeks.
Swaddle (v. t.) To bind as with a bandage; to bind or warp tightly with clothes; to swathe; -- used esp. of infants; as, to swaddle a baby.
Swingle (v. t.) To beat off the tops of without pulling up the roots; -- said of weeds.
Swingle (n.) A wooden instrument like a large knife, about two feet long, with one thin edge, used for beating and cleaning flax; a scutcher; -- called also swingling knife, swingling staff, and swingling wand.
Swivel (a.) A small piece of ordnance, turning on a point or swivel; -- called also swivel gun.
Systole (n.) The contraction of the heart and arteries by which the blood is forced onward and the circulation kept up; also, the contraction of a rhythmically pulsating contractile vacuole; -- correlative to diastole.
Symbolics (n.) that branch of historic theology which treats of creeds and confessions of faith; symbolism; -- called also symbolic.
Synallaxine (a.) Having the outer and middle toes partially united; -- said of certain birds related to the creepers.
Systole (n.) The contraction of the heart and arteries by which the blood is forced onward and the circulation kept up; -- correlative to diastole.
Systyle (a.) Having a space equal to two diameters or four modules between two columns; -- said of a portico or building. See Intercolumniation.
Tachylyte (n.) A vitreous form of basalt; -- so called because decomposable by acids and readily fusible.
Tantalite (n.) A heavy mineral of an iron-black color and submetallic luster. It is essentially a tantalate of iron.
Tantalum (n.) A rare nonmetallic element found in certain minerals, as tantalite, samarskite, and fergusonite, and isolated as a dark powder which becomes steel-gray by burnishing. Symbol Ta. Atomic weight 182.0. Formerly called also tantalium.
Tassel (n.) A piece of board that is laid upon a wall as a sort of plate, to give a level surface to the ends of floor timbers; -- rarely used in the United States.
Tautology (n.) A repetition of the same meaning in different words; needless repetition of an idea in different words or phrases; a representation of anything as the cause, condition, or consequence of itself, as in the following Tetrol (n.) A hypothetical hydrocarbon, C4H4, analogous to benzene; -- so called from the four carbon atoms in the molecule.
Tetryl (n.) Butyl; -- so called from the four carbon atoms in the molecule.
Tetrylene (n.) Butylene; -- so called from the four carbon atoms in the molecule.
Thimble (n.) Any thimble-shaped appendage or fixure.
Thimble (n.) A tubular cone for expanding a flue; -- called ferrule in England.
Thimble (n.) A ring of thin metal formed with a grooved circumference so as to fit within an eye-spice, or the like, and protect it from chafing.
Thimblerig (n.) A sleight-of-hand trick played with three small cups, shaped like thimbles, and a small ball or little pea.
Thimbleweed (n.) Any plant of the composite genus Rudbeckia, coarse herbs somewhat resembling the sunflower; -- so called from their conical receptacles.
Thymol (n.) A phenol derivative of cymene, C10H13.OH, isomeric with carvacrol, found in oil of thyme, and extracted as a white crystalThyself (pron.) An emphasized form of the personal pronoun of the second person; -- used as a subject commonly with thou; as, thou thyself shalt go; that is, thou shalt go, and no other. It is sometimes used, especially in the predicate, without thou, and in the nominative as well as in the objective case.
Timbale (n.) A seasoned preparation, as of chicken, lobster, cheese, or fish, cooked in a drum-shaped mold; also, a pastry case, usually small, filled with a cooked mixture.
Toadflax (n.) An herb (Linaria vulgaris) of the Figwort family, having narrow leaves and showy orange and yellow flowers; -- called also butter and eggs, flaxweed, and ramsted.
Towilly (n.) The sanderling; -- so called from its cry.
Trembler (n.) The vibrating hammer, or spring contact piece of a hammer break, as of the electric ignition apparatus for an internal-combustion engine.
Trample (v. i.) To tread in contempt; -- with on or upon.
Translation (n.) Motion in which all the points of the moving body have at any instant the same velocity and direction of motion; -- opposed to rotation.
Translunary (a.) Being or lying beyond the moon; hence, ethereal; -- opposed to sublunary.
Travel (n.) An account, by a traveler, of occurrences and observations during a journey; as, a book of travels; -- often used as the title of a book; as, Travels in Italy.
Treacle (n.) Molasses; sometimes, specifically, the molasses which drains from the sugar-refining molds, and which is also called sugarhouse molasses.
Trehalose (n.) Mycose; -- so called because sometimes obtained from trehala.
Tremble (v. i.) To shake involuntarily, as with fear, cold, or weakness; to quake; to quiver; to shiver; to shudder; -- said of a person or an animal.
Tremble (v. i.) To totter; to shake; -- said of a thing.
Tremolo (n.) A certain contrivance in an organ, which causes the notes to sound with rapid pulses or beats, producing a tremulous effect; -- called also tremolant, and tremulant.
Trestletree (n.) One of two strong bars of timber, fixed horizontally on the opposite sides of the masthead, to support the crosstrees and the frame of the top; -- generally used in the plural.
Tricolor (n.) Hence, any three-colored flag.
Trisplanchnic (a.) Of or pertaining to the three great splanchnic cavities, namely, that of the head, the chest, and the abdomen; -- applied to the sympathetic nervous system.
Trisulcate (a.) Having three furrows, forks, or prongs; having three grooves or sulci; three-grooved.
Trisyllable (n.) A word consisting of three syllables only; as, a-ven-ger.
Trivalent (a.) Having a valence of three; capable of being combined with, substituted for, or compared with, three atoms of hydrogen; -- said of triad atoms or radicals; thus, nitrogen is trivalent in ammonia.
Trivalvular (a.) Having three valves; three-valved.
Trouble (v. t.) To give occasion for labor to; -- used in polite phraseology; as, I will not trouble you to deliver the letter.
Trundle (v. i.) A lind of low-wheeled cart; a truck.
Trundletail (n.) A round or curled-up tail; also, a dog with such a tail.
Tuefall (n.) See To-fall.
Tunicle (n.) A short, close-fitting vestment worn by bishops under the dalmatic, and by subdeacons.
Tunnel (n. .) A level passage driven across the measures, or at right angles to veins which it is desired to reach; -- distinguished from the drift, or gangway, which is led along the vein when reached by the tunnel.
Tweedle (v. t.) To handle lightly; -- said with reference to awkward fiddling; hence, to influence as if by fiddling; to coax; to allure.
Unemployment (n.) Quality or state of being not employed; -- used esp. in economics, of the condition of various social classes when temporarily thrown out of employment, as those engaged for short periods, those whose trade is decaying, and those least competent. Valorization (n.) Act or process of attempting to give an arbitrary market value or price to a commodity by governmental interference, as by maintaining a purchasing fund, making loans to producers to enable them t
Umbellated (a.) Bearing umbels; pertaining to an umbel; umbel-like; as, umbellate plants or flowers.
Umbelliferone (n.) A tasteless white crystalUmbelliferous (a.) Of or pertaining to a natural order (Umbelliferae) of plants, of which the parsley, carrot, parsnip, and fennel are well-known examples.
Umbellularia (n.) A genus of deep-sea alcyonaria consisting of a cluster of large flowerlike polyps situated at the summit of a long, slender stem which stands upright in the mud, supported by a bulbous base.
Umbrella (n.) Any marine tectibranchiate gastropod of the genus Umbrella, having an umbrella-shaped shell; -- called also umbrella shell.
Underlay (v. i.) To incUnderlay (n.) The inclination of a vein, fault, or lode from the vertical; a hade; -- called also underlie.
Underlocker (n.) A person who inspects a mine daily; -- called also underviewer.
Undwelt (a.) Not lived (in); -- with in.
Unfeeling (a.) Without kind feelings; cruel; hard-hearted.
Unipolar (a.) Having but one pole or process; -- applied to those ganglionic nerve cells which have but one radiating process; -- opposed to multipolar.
Unisilicate (n.) A salt of orthosilicic acid, H4SiO4; -- so called because the ratio of the oxygen atoms united to the basic metals and silicon respectively is 1:1; for example, Mg2SiO4 or 2MgO.SiO2.
Univalent (a.) Having a valence of one; capable of combining with, or of being substituted for, one atom of hydrogen; monovalent; -- said of certain atoms and radicals.
Urceolus (n.) Any urn-shaped organ of a plant.
Utricle (n.) A small, thin-walled, one-seeded fruit, as of goosefoot.
Ventilate (v. t.) To provide with a vent, or escape, for air, gas, etc.; as, to ventilate a mold, or a water-wheel bucket.
Vierkleur (n.) The four-colored flag of the South African Republic, or Transvaal, -- red, white, blue, and green.
Vermilinguia (n. pl.) A tribe of edentates comprising the South American ant-eaters. The tongue is long, slender, exsertile, and very flexible, whence the name.
Vestales (n. pl.) A group of butterflies including those known as virgins, or gossamer-winged butterflies.
Vinculum (n.) A straight, horizontal mark placed over two or more members of a compound quantity, which are to be subjected to the same operation, as in the expression x2 + y2 - x + y.
Virgalieu (n.) A valuable kind of pear, of an obovate shape and with melting flesh of delicious flavor; -- more properly called White Doyenne.
Virgularian (n.) Any one of numerous species of long, slender Alcyonaria belonging to Virgularia and allied genera of the family Virgularidae. These corals are allied to the sea-pens, but have a long rodlike rhachis inclosing a slender, round or square, calcareous axis. The polyps are arranged in transverse rows or clusters along each side of the rhachis.
Virial (n.) A certain function relating to a system of forces and their points of application, -- first used by Clausius in the investigation of problems in molecular physics.
Vitelligenous (a.) Producing yolk, or vitelWaggel (n.) The young of the great black-backed gull (Larus marinus), formerly considered a distinct species.
Wastel (n.) A kind of white and fine bread or cake; -- called also wastel bread, and wastel cake.
Waterlandian (n.) One of a body of Dutch Anabaptists who separated from the Mennonites in the sixteenth century; -- so called from a district in North Holland denominated Waterland.
Waterleaf (n.) Any plant of the American genus Hydrophyllum, herbs having white or pale blue bell-shaped flowers.
Wallflower (n.) In Australia, the desert poison bush (Gastrolobium grandiflorum); -- called also native wallflower.
Weroole (n.) An Australian lorikeet (Ptilosclera versicolor) noted for the variety of its colors; -- called also varied lorikeet.
Whistle (v. i.) The mouth and throat; -- so called as being the organs of whistling.
Whistlefish (n.) A gossat, or rockling; -- called also whistler, three-bearded rockling, sea loach, and sorghe.
Whistler (n.) The golden-eye.
Whistlewing (n.) The American golden-eye.
Windflower (n.) The anemone; -- so called because formerly supposed to open only when the wind was blowing. See Anemone.
Withal (prep.) With; -- put after its object, at the end of sentence or clause in which it stands.
Wittol (n.) A man who knows his wife's infidelity and submits to it; a tame cuckold; -- so called because the cuckoo lays its eggs in the wittol's nest.
WorldWorrel (n.) An Egyptian fork-tongued lizard, about four feet long when full grown.
Wrestling (n.) Act of one who wrestles; specif., the sport consisting of the hand-to-hand combat between two unarmed contestants who seek to throw each other.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken
, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".