Words whose 6th letter is O
Abaddon (n.) The destroyer, or angel of the bottomless pit; -- the same as Apollyon and Asmodeus.
Abandon (v. t.) Reflexively: To give (one's self) up without attempt at self-control; to yield (one's self) unrestrainedly; -- often in a bad sense.
Abandon (v. t.) To relinquish all claim to; -- used when an insured person gives up to underwriters all claim to the property covered by a policy, which may remain after loss or damage by a peril insured against.
Abandoned (a.) Self-abandoned, or given up to vice; extremely wicked, or sinning without restraint; irreclaimably wicked ; as, an abandoned villain.
Abatvoix (n.) The sounding-board over a pulpit or rostrum.
Abelmosk (n.) An evergreen shrub (Hibiscus -- formerly Abelmoschus -- moschatus), of the East and West Indies and Northern Africa, whose musky seeds are used in perfumery and to flavor coffee; -- sometimes called musk mallow.
Acrimonious (a.) Caustic; bitter-tempered' sarcastic; as, acrimonious dispute, language, temper.
Adansonia (n.) A genus of great trees related to the Bombax. There are two species, A. digitata, the baobab or monkey-bread of Africa and India, and A. Gregorii, the sour gourd or cream-of-tartar tree of Australia. Both have a trunk of moderate height, but of enormous diameter, and a wide-spreading head. The fruit is oblong, and filled with pleasantly acid pulp. The wood is very soft, and the bark is used by the natives for making ropes and cloth.
Aegilops (n.) The great wild-oat grass or other cornfield weed.
Aeroboat (n.) A form of hydro-aeroplane; a flying boat.
Agistor (n.) Formerly, an officer of the king's forest, who had the care of cattle agisted, and collected the money for the same; -- hence called gisttaker, which in England is corrupted into guest-taker.
Aleurone (n.) An albuminoid substance which occurs in minute grains ("protein granules") in maturing seeds and tubers; -- supposed to be a modification of protoplasm.
Allomorph (n.) Any one of two or more distinct crystalAllomorph (n.) A variety of pseudomorph which has undergone partial or complete change or substitution of material; -- thus limonite is frequently an allomorph after pyrite.
Altiloquent (a.) High-sounding; pompous in speech.
Altisonant (a.) High-sounding; lofty or pompous.
Amaurosis (n.) A loss or decay of sight, from loss of power in the optic nerve, without any perceptible external change in the eye; -- called also gutta serena, the "drop serene" of Milton.
Amelcorn (n.) A variety of wheat from which starch is produced; -- called also French rice.
Amoeboid (a.) Resembling an amoeba; amoeba-shaped; changing in shape like an amoeba.
Amphioxus (n.) A fishlike creature (Amphioxus lanceolatus), two or three inches long, found in temperature seas; -- also called the lancelet. Its body is pointed at both ends. It is the lowest and most generalized of the vertebrates, having neither brain, skull, vertebrae, nor red blood. It forms the type of the group Acrania, Leptocardia, etc.
Anadromous (a.) Tending upwards; -- said of terns in which the lowest secondary segments are on the upper side of the branch of the central stem.
Anaerobic (a.) Not requiring air or oxygen for life; -- applied especially to those microbes to which free oxygen is unnecessary; anaerobiotic; -- opposed to aerobic.
Antimonsoon (n.) The upper, contrary-moving current of the atmosphere over a monsoon.
Anatropous (a.) Having the ovule inverted at an early period in its development, so that the chalaza is as the apparent apex; -- opposed to orthotropous.
Anethol (n.) A substance obtained from the volatile oils of anise, fennel, etc., in the form of soft shining scales; -- called also anise camphor.
Aristotype (n.) Orig., a printing-out process using paper coated with silver chloride in gelatin; now, any such process using silver salts in either collodion or gelatin; also, a print so made.
Arthrospore (n.) A bacterial resting cell, -- formerly considered a spore, but now known to occur even in endosporous bacteria.
Anthropocentric (a.) Assuming man as the center or ultimate end; -- applied to theories of the universe or of any part of it, as the solar system.
Anthropoid (a.) Resembling man; -- applied especially to certain apes, as the ourang or gorilla.
Anthropology (n.) The science of man; -- sometimes used in a limited sense to mean the study of man as an object of natural history, or as an animal.
Antidote (n.) A remedy to counteract the effects of poison, or of anything noxious taken into the stomach; -- used with against, for, or to; as, an antidote against, for, or to, poison.
Antilogous (a.) Of the contrary name or character; -- opposed to analogous.
Antimonic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, antimony; -- said of those compounds of antimony in which this element has its highest equivalence; as, antimonic acid.
Antimonious (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, antimony; -- said of those compounds of antimony in which this element has an equivalence next lower than the highest; as, antimonious acid.
Antinomy (n.) A contradiction or incompatibility of thought or language; -- in the Kantian philosophy, such a contradiction as arises from the attempt to apply to the ideas of the reason, relations or attributes which are appropriate only to the facts or the concepts of experience.
Antisolar (a.) Opposite to the sun; -- said of the point in the heavens 180? distant from the sun.
Antitoxine (n.) A substance (sometimes the product of a specific micro-organism and sometimes naturally present in the blood or tissues of an animal), capable of producing immunity from certain diseases, or of counteracting the poisonous effects of pathogenic bacteria.
Antozone (n.) A compound formerly supposed to be modification of oxygen, but now known to be hydrogen dioxide; -- so called because apparently antagonistic to ozone, converting it into ordinary oxygen.
Apogeotropic (a.) Bending away from the ground; -- said of leaves, etc.
Apollo (n.) A deity among the Greeks and Romans. He was the god of light and day (the "sun god"), of archery, prophecy, medicine, poetry, and music, etc., and was represented as the model of manly grace and beauty; -- called also Phebus.
Aposiopesis (n.) A figure of speech in which the speaker breaks off suddenly, as if unwilling or unable to state what was in his mind; as, "I declare to you that his conduct -- but I can not speak of that, here."
Aprosos (a. & adv.) By the way; to the purpose; suitably to the place or subject; -- a word used to introduce an incidental observation, suited to the occasion, though not strictly belonging to the narration.
Apterous (a.) Destitute of winglike membranous expansions, as a stem or petiole; -- opposed to alate.
Aristotelian (a.) Of or pertaining to Aristotle, the famous Greek philosopher (384-322 b. c.).
Arsenopyrite (n.) A mineral of a tin-white color and metallic luster, containing arsenic, sulphur, and iron; -- also called arsenical pyrites and mispickel.
Arthropleura (n.) The side or limb-bearing portion of an arthromere.
Asiphonate (a.) Destitute of a siphon or breathing tube; -- said of many bivalve shells.
Asteroid (n.) A starlike body; esp. one of the numerous small planets whose orbits lie between those of Mars and Jupiter; -- called also planetoids and minor planets.
Asterope (n.) One of the Pleiades; -- called also Sterope.
Auriform (a.) Having the form of the human ear; ear-shaped.
Aurivorous (a.) Gold-devouring.
Autocoherer (n.) A self-restoring coherer, as a microphonic detector.
Automobile (n.) An automobile vehicle or mechanism; esp., a self-propelled vehicle suitable for use on a street or roadway. Automobiles are usually propelled by internal combustion engines (using volatile inflammable liquids, as gasoAutotoxication (n.) Same as Auto-intoxication.
Autonomic (a.) Having the power of self-government; autonomous.
Autonomous (a.) Independent in government; having the right or power of self-government.
Autonomy (n.) The power or right of self-government; self-government, or political independence, of a city or a state.
Aviator (n.) The driver or pilot of an aeroplane, or heavier-than-air flying machine.
Babylonian (n.) An astrologer; -- so called because the Chaldeans were remarkable for the study of astrology.
Babylonish (n.) Confused; Babel-like.
Bagnio (n.) A house for bathing, sweating, etc.; -- also, in Turkey, a prison for slaves.
Balanoid (a.) Resembling an acorn; -- applied to a group of barnacles having shells shaped like acorns. See Acornshell, and Barnacle.
Baseboard (n.) A board, or other woodwork, carried round the walls of a room and touching the floor, to form a base and protect the plastering; -- also called washboard (in England), mopboard, and scrubboard.
Basylous (a.) Pertaining to, or having the nature of, a basyle; electro-positive; basic; -- opposed to chlorous.
Behemoth (n.) An animal, probably the hippopotamus, described in Job xl. 15-24.
Bellwort (n.) A genus of plants (Uvularia) with yellowish bell-shaped flowers.
Benthos (n.) The bottom of the sea, esp. of the deep oceans; hence (Bot. & Zool.), the fauna and flora of the sea bottom; -- opposed to plankton.
Bibliolatry (n.) Book worship, esp. of the Bible; -- applied by Roman Catholic divines to the exaltation of the authority of the Bible over that of the pope or the church, and by Protestants to an excessive regard to the letter of the Scriptures.
Bichloride (n.) A compound consisting of two atoms of chlorine with one or more atoms of another element; -- called also dichloride.
Bichromate (n.) A salt containing two parts of chromic acid to one of the other ingredients; as, potassium bichromate; -- called also dichromate.
Bigaroon (n.) The large white-heart cherry.
Bilalo (n.) A two-masted passenger boat or small vessel, used in the bay of Manila.
Bimanous (a.) Having two hands; two-handed.
Blissom (a.) Lascivious; also, in heat; -- said of ewes.
Blossom (n.) The color of a horse that has white hairs intermixed with sorrel and bay hairs; -- otherwise called peach color.
Bluebottle (n.) A plant (Centaurea cyanus) which grows in grain fields. It receives its name from its blue bottle-shaped flowers.
Bogtrotter (n.) One who lives in a boggy country; -- applied in derision to the lowest class of Irish.
Boohoo (n.) The sailfish; -- called also woohoo.
Bourdon (n.) A drone bass, as in a bagpipe, or a hurdy-gurdy. See Burden (of a song.)
Bournonite (n.) A mineral of a steel-gray to black color and metallic luster, occurring crystallized, often in twin crystals shaped like cogwheels (wheel ore), also massive. It is a sulphide of antimony, lead, and copper.
Boviform (a.) Resembling an ox in form; ox-shaped.
Brahmoism (n.) The religious system of Brahmo-somaj.
Brontotherium (n.) A genus of large extinct mammals from the miocene strata of western North America. They were allied to the rhinoceros, but the skull bears a pair of powerful horn cores in front of the orbits, and the fore feet were four-toed. See Illustration in Appendix.
Brontozoum (n.) An extinct animal of large size, known from its three-toed footprints in Mesozoic sandstone.
Bryozoa (n. pl.) A class of Molluscoidea, including minute animals which by budding form compound colonies; -- called also Polyzoa.
Buckboard (n.) A four-wheeled vehicle, having a long elastic board or frame resting on the bolsters or axletrees, and a seat or seats placed transversely upon it; -- called also buck wagon.
Buffoon (n.) A man who makes a practice of amusing others by low tricks, antic gestures, etc.; a droll; a mimic; a harlequin; a clown; a merry-andrew.
Bulldog (n.) A variety of dog, of remarkable ferocity, courage, and tenacity of grip; -- so named, probably, from being formerly employed in baiting bulls.
Bulldoze (v. t.) To intimidate; to restrain or coerce by intimidation or violence; -- used originally of the intimidation of negro voters, in Louisiana.
Bullwort (n.) See Bishop's-weed.
Bunodonts (n. pl.) A division of the herbivorous mammals including the hogs and hippopotami; -- so called because the teeth are tuberculated.
Cabriolet (n.) A one-horse carriage with two seats and a calash top.
Caisson (n.) A four-wheeled carriage for conveying ammunition, consisting of two parts, a body and a limber. In light field batteries there is one caisson to each piece, having two ammunition boxes on the body, and one on the limber.
Caisson (n.) A water-tight box, of timber or iron within which work is carried on in building foundations or structures below the water level.
Calceolate (a.) Slipper-ahaped. See Calceiform.
Caledonia (n.) The ancient Latin name of Scotland; -- still used in poetry.
Calico (a.) Made of, or having the appearance of, calico; -- often applied to an animal, as a horse or cat, on whose body are large patches of a color strikingly different from its main color.
Calicoback (n.) An hemipterous insect (Murgantia histrionica) which injures the cabbage and other garden plants; -- called also calico bug and harlequin cabbage bug.
Calycozoa (n. pl.) A group of acalephs of which Lucernaria is the type. The body is cup-shaped with eight marginal lobes bearing clavate tentacles. An aboral sucker serves for attachment. The interior is divided into four large compartments. See Lucernarida.
Camphor (n.) A gum resembling ordinary camphor, obtained from a tree (Dryobalanops camphora) growing in Sumatra and Borneo; -- called also Malay camphor, camphor of Borneo, or borneol. See Borneol.
Capstone (n.) A fossil echinus of the genus Cannulus; -- so called from its supposed resemblance to a cap.
Cardoon (n.) A large herbaceous plant (Cynara Cardunculus) related to the artichoke; -- used in cookery and as a salad.
Carrion (n.) A contemptible or worthless person; -- a term of reproach.
Cartoon (n.) A design or study drawn of the full size, to serve as a model for transferring or copying; -- used in the making of mosaics, tapestries, fresco pantings and the like; as, the cartoons of Raphael.
Cassiopeia (n.) A constellation of the northern hemisphere, situated between Cepheus and Perseus; -- so called in honor of the wife of Cepheus, a fabulous king of Ethiopia.
Catacomb (n.) A cave, grotto, or subterraneous place of large extent used for the burial of the dead; -- commonly in the plural.
Categorematic (a.) Capable of being employed by itself as a term; -- said of a word.
Celadon (n.) A pale sea-green color; also, porcelain or fine pottery of this tint.
CentroCernuous (a.) Inclining or nodding downward; pendulous; drooping; -- said of a bud, flower, fruit, or the capsule of a moss.
Centrosphere (n.) The nucleus or central part of the earth, forming most of its mass; -- disting. from lithosphere, hydrosphere, etc.
Centrosphere (n.) The nucleus or central part of the earth, forming most of its mass; -- disting. from lithosphere, hydrosphere, etc.
Chemiotaxis () The sensitiveness exhibited by small free-swimming organisms, as bacteria, zoospores of algae, etc., to chemical substances held in solution. They may be attracted (positive chemotaxis) or repelled (negative chemotaxis).
Chemiotaxis () The sensitiveness exhibited by small free-swimming organisms, as bacteria, zoospores of algae, etc., to chemical substances held in solution. They may be attracted (positive chemotaxis) or repelled (negative chemotaxis).
Chaetognatha (n. pl.) An order of free-swimming marine worms, of which the genus Sagitta is the type. They have groups of curved spines on each side of the head.
Chariot (n.) A two-wheeled car or vehicle for war, racing, state processions, etc.
Chariot (n.) A four-wheeled pleasure or state carriage, having one seat.
Chariotee (n.) A light, covered, four-wheeled pleasure carriage with two seats.
Chiaroscuro (n.) Alt. of Chiaro-oscuro
Chloropal (n.) A massive mineral, greenish in color, and opal-like in appearance. It is essentially a hydrous silicate of iron.
Chloropeptic (a.) Of or pertaining to an acid more generally called pepsin-hydrochloric acid.
Chloroplastid (n.) A granule of chlorophyll; -- also called chloroleucite.
Chlorous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, chlorine; -- said of those compounds of chlorine in which this element has a valence of three, the next lower than in chloric compounds; as, chlorous acid, HClO2.
Chlorous (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, the electro-negative character of chlorine; hence, electro-negative; -- opposed to basylous or zincous.
Choanoid (a.) Funnel-shaped; -- applied particularly to a hollow muscle attached to the ball of the eye in many reptiles and mammals.
Chrisom (n.) A child which died within a month after its baptism; -- so called from the chrisom cloth which was used as a shroud for it.
Chromograph (n.) An apparatus by which a number of copies of written matter, maps, plans, etc., can be made; -- called also hectograph.
Chromoplastid (n.) A protoplasmic granule of some other color than green; -- also called chromoleucite.
Chronogram (n.) An inscription in which certain numeral letters, made to appear specially conspicuous, on being added together, express a particular date or epoch, as in the motto of a medal struck by Gustavus Adolphus in 1632: ChrIstVs DVX; ergo trIVMphVs.- the capitals of which give, when added as numerals, the sum 1632.
Chronometer (n.) A portable timekeeper, with a heavy compensation balance, and usually beating half seconds; -- intended to keep time with great accuracy for use an astronomical observations, in determining longitude, etc.
Chronoscope (n.) An instrument for measuring minute intervals of time; used in determining the velocity of projectiles, the duration of short-lived luminous phenomena, etc.
Chrysolite (n.) A mineral, composed of silica, magnesia, and iron, of a yellow to green color. It is common in certain volcanic rocks; -- called also olivine and peridot. Sometimes used as a gem. The name was also early used for yellow varieties of tourmaChrysoprase (n.) An apple-green variety of chalcedony, colored by nickel. It has a dull flinty luster, and is sometimes used in jewelry.
Cicero (n.) Pica type; -- so called by French printers.
Cinchonidine (n.) One of the quinine group of alkaloids, found especially in red cinchona bark. It is a white crystalCinchonine (n.) One of the quinine group of alkaloids isomeric with and resembling cinchonidine; -- called also cinchonia.
Cinchonism (n.) A condition produced by the excessive or long-continued use of quinine, and marked by deafness, roaring in the ears, vertigo, etc.
Clapboard (n.) A narrow board, thicker at one edge than at the other; -- used for weatherboarding the outside of houses.
Claymore (n.) A large two-handed sword used formerly by the Scottish Highlanders.
Claytonia (n.) An American genus of perennial herbs with delicate blossoms; -- sometimes called spring beauty.
Cloisonne (a.) Inlaid between partitions: -- said of enamel when the Coalgoose (n.) The cormorant; -- so called from its black color.
Control (n.) Any of the physical factors determining the climate of any particular place, as latitude,distribution of land and water, altitude, exposure, prevailing winds, permanent high- or low-barometric-pressure areas, ocean currents, mountain barriers, soil, and vegetation.
Controller (n.) A lever controlling the speed of an engine; -- applied esp. to the lever governing a throttle valve, as of a steam or gasoCockhorse (n.) A child's rocking-horse.
Colugo (n.) A peculiar East Indian mammal (Galleopithecus volans), having along the sides, connecting the fore and hind limbs, a parachutelike membrane, by means of which it is able to make long leaps, like the flying squirrel; -- called also flying lemur.
Conchoidal (a.) Having elevations or depressions in form like one half of a bivalve shell; -- applied principally to a surface produced by fracture.
Conglomerate (n.) A rock, composed or rounded fragments of stone cemented together by another mineral substance, either calcareous, siliceous, or argillaceous; pudding stone; -- opposed to agglomerate. See Breccia.
Cootfoot (n.) The phalarope; -- so called because its toes are like the coot's.
Copepoda (n. pl.) An order of Entomostraca, including many minute Crustacea, both fresh-water and marine.
Corchorus (n.) The common name of the Kerria Japonica or Japan globeflower, a yellow-flowered, perennial, rosaceous plant, seen in old-fashioned gardens.
Couscous (n.) A kind of food used by the natives of Western Africa, made of millet flour with flesh, and leaves of the baobab; -- called also lalo.
Covetous (v. t.) Very desirous; eager to obtain; -- used in a good sense.
Covetous (v. t.) Inordinately desirous; excessively eager to obtain and possess (esp. money); avaricious; -- in a bad sense.
Covetousness (n.) A strong or inordinate desire of obtaining and possessing some supposed good; excessive desire for riches or money; -- in a bad sense.
Cramponee (a.) Having a cramp or square piece at the end; -- said of a cross so furnished.
Crawford (n.) A Crawford peach; a well-known freestone peach, with yellow flesh, first raised by Mr. William Crawford, of New Jersey.
Creosote (n.) Wood-tar oil; an oily antiseptic liquid, of a burning smoky taste, colorless when pure, but usually colored yellow or brown by impurity or exposure. It is a complex mixture of various phenols and their ethers, and is obtained by the distillation of wood tar, especially that of beechwood.
CryptocrystalCroydon (n.) A kind of carriage like a gig, orig. of wicker-work.
Cubilose (n.) A mucilagenous secretion of certain birds found as the characteristic ingredient of edible bird's-nests.
Cuckoobud (n.) A species of Ranunculus (R. bulbosus); -- called also butterflower, buttercup, kingcup, goldcup.
Cuckooflower (n.) A species of Cardamine (C. pratensis), or lady's smock. Its leaves are used in salads. Also, the ragged robin (Lychnis Flos-cuculi).
Cuckoopint (n.) A plant of the genus Arum (A. maculatum); the European wake-robin.
Cuminol (n.) A liquid, C3H7.C6H4.CHO, obtained from oil of caraway; -- called also cuminic aldehyde.
Cuniform (a.) Wedge-shaped; as, a cuneiform bone; -- especially applied to the wedge-shaped or arrowheaded characters of ancient Persian and Assyrian inscriptions. See Arrowheaded.
Cuniform (a.) Pertaining to, or versed in, the ancient wedge-shaped characters, or the inscriptions in them.
Cuniform (n.) The wedge-shaped characters used in ancient Persian and Assyrian inscriptions.
Cuniform (n.) One of the carpal bones usually articulating with the ulna; -- called also pyramidal and ulnare.
Curacoa (n.) A liqueur, or cordial, flavored with orange peel, cinnamon, and mace; -- first made at the island of Curaccao.
Cushion (n.) A riotous kind of dance, formerly common at weddings; -- called also cushion dance.
Cyathophylloid (n.) A fossil coral of the family Cyathophyllidae; sometimes extended to fossil corals of other related families belonging to the group Rugosa; -- also called cup corals. Thay are found in paleozoic rocks.
Dacapo () From the beginning; a direction to return to, and end with, the first strain; -- indicated by the letters D. C. Also, the strain so repeated.
Damewort (n.) A cruciferrous plant (Hesperis matronalis), remarkable for its fragrance, especially toward the close of the day; -- called also rocket and dame's violet.
Danewort (n.) A fetid European species of elder (Sambucus Ebulus); dwarf elder; wallwort; elderwort; -- called also Daneweed, Dane's weed, and Dane's-blood. [Said to grow on spots where battles were fought against the Danes.]
Dashboard (n.) A board placed on the fore part of a carriage, sleigh, or other vehicle, to intercept water, mud, or snow, thrown up by the heels of the horses; -- in England commonly called splashboard.
Dashboard (n.) A screen at the bow af a steam launch to keep off the spray; -- called also sprayboard.
Destroyer (n.) = Torpedo-boat destroyer.
Dearborn (n.) A four-wheeled carriage, with curtained sides.
Decimosexto (n.) A book consisting of sheets, each of which is folded into sixteen leaves; hence, indicating, more or less definitely, a size of book; -- usually written 16mo or 16?.
Desynonymize (v. t.) To deprive of synonymous character; to discriminate in use; -- applied to words which have been employed as synonyms.
Develop (v. i.) To go through a process of natural evolution or growth, by successive changes from a less perfect to a more perfect or more highly organized state; to advance from a simpler form of existence to one more complex either in structure or function; as, a blossom develops from a bud; the seed develops into a plant; the embryo develops into a well-formed animal; the mind develops year by year.
Devisor (n.) One who devises, or gives real estate by will; a testator; -- correlative to devisee.
Dextrorse (a.) Turning from the left to the right, in the ascending Diaspore (n.) A hydrate of alumina, often occurring in white lamellar masses with brilliant pearly luster; -- so named on account of its decrepitating when heated before the blowpipe.
Diastole (n.) The rhythmical expansion or dilatation of the heart and arteries; -- correlative to systole, or contraction.
Diaspora (n.) Lit., "Dispersion." -- applied collectively: (a) To those Jews who, after the Exile, were scattered through the Old World, and afterwards to Jewish Christians living among heathen. Cf. James i. 1. (b) By extension, to Christians isolated from their own communion, as among the Moravians to those living, usually as missionaries, outside of the parent congregation.
Dichroite (n.) Iolite; -- so called from its presenting two different colors when viewed in two different directions. See Iolite.
Dichromate (n.) A salt of chromic acid containing two equivalents of the acid radical to one of the base; -- called also bichromate.
Dichromic (a.) Furnishing or giving two colors; -- said of defective vision, in which all the compound colors are resolvable into two elements instead of three.
Dictyogen (n.) A plant with net-veined leaves, and monocotyledonous embryos, belonging to the class Dictyogenae, proposed by Lindley for the orders Dioscoreaceae, Smilaceae, Trilliaceae, etc.
Digitorium (n.) A small dumb keyboard used by pianists for exercising the fingers; -- called also dumb piano.
Dilatory (a.) Marked by procrastination or delay; tardy; slow; sluggish; -- said of actions or measures.
Diphyodont (a.) Having two successive sets of teeth (deciduous and permanent), one succeeding the other; as, a diphyodont mammal; diphyodont dentition; -- opposed to monophyodont.
Diphyozooid (n.) One of the free-swimming sexual zooids of Siphonophora.
Disclose (v. t.) To unclose; to open; -- applied esp. to eggs in the sense of to hatch.
Disclosed (p. a.) Represented with wings expanded; -- applied to doves and other birds not of prey.
Dogtooth (n.) An ornament common in Gothic architecture, consisting of pointed projections resembling teeth; -- also called tooth ornament.
Downcomer (n.) In some water-tube boilers, a tube larger in diameter than the water tubes to conduct the water from each top drum to a bottom drum, thus completing the circulation.
Doloroso (a. & adv.) Plaintive; pathetic; -- used adverbially as a musical direction.
Domino (n.) A game played by two or more persons, with twenty-eight pieces of wood, bone, or ivory, of a flat, oblong shape, plain at the back, but on the face divided by a Dorado (n.) A southern constellation, within which is the south pole of the ecliptic; -- called also sometimes Xiphias, or the Swordfish.
Downcome (n.) A pipe for leading combustible gases downward from the top of the blast furnace to the hot-blast stoves, boilers, etc., where they are burned.
Drawloom (n.) A kind of loom used in weaving figured patterns; -- called also drawboy.
Drongo (n.) A passerine bird of the family Dicruridae. They are usually black with a deeply forked tail. They are natives of Asia, Africa, and Australia; -- called also drongo shrikes.
Dudgeon (n.) A dudgeon-hafted dagger; a dagger.
Dysprosium (n.) An element of the rare earth-group. Symbol Dy; at. wt., 162.5.
Dynamo (n.) A dynamo-electric machine.
Echinoidea (n. pl.) The class Echinodermata which includes the sea urchins. They have a calcareous, usually more or less spheroidal or disk-shaped, composed of many united plates, and covered with movable spines. See Spatangoid, Clypeastroid.
Ejector (n.) That part of the mechanism of a breech-loading firearm which ejects the empty shell.
Elasmosaurus (n.) An extinct, long-necked, marine, cretaceous reptile from Kansas, allied to Plesiosaurus.
Emperor (n.) The sovereign or supreme monarch of an empire; -- a title of dignity superior to that of king; as, the emperor of Germany or of Austria; the emperor or Czar of Russia.
Ensiform (a.) Having the form of a sword blade; sword-shaped; as, an ensiform leaf.
Enterotome (n.) A kind of scissors used for opening the intestinal canal, as in post-mortem examinations.
Entomophaga (n. pl.) A group of edentates, including the ant-eaters.
Entomophilous (a.) Fertilized by the agency of insects; -- said of plants in which the pollen is carried to the stigma by insects.
Envelop (n.) The nebulous covering of the head or nucleus of a comet; -- called also coma.
Eosphorite (n.) A hydrous phosphate of alumina and manganese. It is generally of a rose-pink color, -- whence the name.
Epichordal (a.) Upon or above the notochord; -- applied esp. to a vertebral column which develops upon the dorsal side of the notochord, as distinguished from a perichordal column, which develops around it.
Episcopacy (n.) Government of the church by bishops; church government by three distinct orders of ministers -- bishops, priests, and deacons -- of whom the bishops have an authority superior and of a different kind.
Epizootic (a.) Containing fossil remains; -- said of rocks, formations, mountains, and the like.
Epizootic (a.) Of the nature of a disease which attacks many animals at the same time; -- corresponding to epidemic diseases among men.
Equator (n.) The great circle of the celestial sphere, coincident with the plane of the earth's equator; -- so called because when the sun is in it, the days and nights are of equal length; hence called also the equinoctial, and on maps, globes, etc., the equinoctial Equipoise (n.) Equality of weight or force; hence, equilibrium; a state in which the two ends or sides of a thing are balanced, and hence equal; state of being equally balanced; -- said of moral, political, or social interests or forces.
Espadon (n.) A long, heavy, two-handed and two-edged sword, formerly used by Spanish foot soldiers and by executioners.
Evermore (adv.) During eternity; always; forever; for an indefinite period; at all times; -- often used substantively with for.
Everyone (n.) Everybody; -- commonly separated, every one.
Exosmose (n.) The passage of gases, vapors, or liquids thought membranes or porous media from within outward, in the phenomena of osmose; -- opposed to endosmose. See Osmose.
Faction (n.) A party, in political society, combined or acting in union, in opposition to the government, or state; -- usually applied to a minority, but it may be applied to a majority; a combination or clique of partisans of any kind, acting for their own interests, especially if greedy, clamorous, and reckless of the common good.
Factious (a.) Given to faction; addicted to form parties and raise dissensions, in opposition to government or the common good; turbulent; seditious; prone to clamor against public measures or men; -- said of persons.
Factious (a.) Pertaining to faction; proceeding from faction; indicating, or characterized by, faction; -- said of acts or expressions; as, factious quarrels.
Fashion (v. t.) To fit; to adapt; to accommodate; -- with to.
Fashionable (a.) Genteel; well-bred; as, fashionable society.
Fashionable (n.) A person who conforms to the fashions; -- used chiefly in the plural.
Fashioned (a.) Having a certain style or fashion; as old-fashioned; new-fashioned.
Fiction (n.) That which is feigned, invented, or imagined; especially, a feigned or invented story, whether oral or written. Hence: A story told in order to deceive; a fabrication; -- opposed to fact, or reality.
Fireworm (n.) The larva of a small tortricid moth which eats the leaves of the cranberry, so that the vines look as if burned; -- called also cranberry worm.
Fishhook (n.) A hook with a pendant, to the end of which the fish-tackle is hooked.
Flamboyant (a.) Characterized by waving or flamelike curves, as in the tracery of windows, etc.; -- said of the later (15th century) French Gothic style.
Fleuron (n.) A flower-shaped ornament, esp. one terminating an object or forming one of a series, as a knob of a cover to a dish, or a flower-shaped part in a necklace.
Flatboat (n.) A boat with a flat bottom and square ends; -- used for the transportation of bulky freight, especially in shallow waters.
Flexion (n.) The bending of a limb or joint; that motion of a joint which gives the distal member a continually decreasing angle with the axis of the proximal part; -- distinguished from extension.
Flotson (n.) Goods lost by shipwreck, and floating on the sea; -- in distinction from jetsam or jetson.
Fluework (n.) A general name for organ stops in which the sound is caused by wind passing through a flue or fissure and striking an edge above; -- in distinction from reedwork.
Fluoroid (n.) A tetrahexahedron; -- so called because it is a common form of fluorite.
Footboard (n.) The foot-rest of a coachman's box.
Footrope (n.) The rope rigged below a yard, upon which men stand when reefing or furling; -- formerly called a horse.
Forefoot (n.) One of the anterior feet of a quardruped or multiped; -- usually written fore foot.
Forego (v. t.) To relinquish the enjoyment or advantage of; to give up; to resign; to renounce; -- said of a thing already enjoyed, or of one within reach, or anticipated.
Forego (v. i.) To go before; to precede; -- used especially in the present and past participles.
Foregoer (n.) A purveyor of the king; -- so called, formerly, from going before to provide for his household.
Forelock (n.) A cotter or split pin, as in a slot in a bolt, to prevent retraction; a linchpin; a pin fastening the cap-square of a gun.
Forsooth (adv.) In truth; in fact; certainly; very well; -- formerly used as an expression of deference or respect, especially to woman; now used ironically or contemptuously.
Frogmouth (n.) One of several species of Asiatic and East Indian birds of the genus Batrachostomus (family Podargidae); -- so called from their very broad, flat bills.
Fumatorium (n.) An air-tight compartment in which vapor may be generated to destroy germs or insects; esp., the apparatus used to destroy San Jose scale on nursery stock, with hydrocyanic acid vapor.
Gainsome (a.) Prepossessing; well-favored.
Gametophyte (n.) In the alternation of generations in plants, that generation or phase which bears sex organs. In the lower plants, as the algae, the gametophyte is the conspicuous part of the plant body; in mosses it is the so-called moss plant; in ferns it is reduced to a small, early perishing body; and in seed plants it is usually microscopic or rudimentary.
Galloon (n.) A narrow tapelike fabric used for binding hats, shoes, etc., -- sometimes made ornamental.
Gastromalacia (n.) A softening of the coats of the stomach; -- usually a post-morten change.
Gastropoda (n. pl.) One of the classes of Mollusca, of great extent. It includes most of the marine spiral shells, and the land and fresh-water snails. They generally creep by means of a flat, muscular disk, or foot, on the ventral side of the body. The head usually bears one or two pairs of tentacles. See Mollusca.
Gatepost (n.) A post to which a gate is hung; -- called also swinging / hinging post.
Gatepost (n.) A post against which a gate closes; -- called also shutting post.
Gaucho (n.) One of the native inhabitants of the pampas, of Spanish-American descent. They live mostly by rearing cattle.
Generosity (n.) The quality of being noble; noble-mindedness.
Generous (a.) Open-handed; free to give; not close or niggardly; munificent; as, a generous friend or father.
Genitocrural (a.) Pertaining to the genital organs and the thigh; -- applied especially to one of the lumbar nerves.
Geocronite (n.) A lead-gray or grayish blue mineral with a metallic luster, consisting of sulphur, antimony, and lead, with a small proportion of arsenic.
Gibaro (n.) The offspring of a Spaniard and an Indian; a Spanish-Indian mestizo.
Gladiole (n.) A lilylike plant, of the genus Gladiolus; -- called also corn flag.
Glaucodot (n.) A metallic mineral having a grayish tin-white color, and containing cobalt and iron, with sulphur and arsenic.
Glaucous (a.) Of a sea-green color; of a dull green passing into grayish blue.
Glossohyal (a.) Pertaining to both the hyoidean arch and the tongue; -- applied to the anterior segment of the hyoidean arch in many fishes. -- n. The glossohyal bone or cartilage; lingual bone; entoglossal bone.
Glossopharyngeal (a.) Pertaining to both the tongue and the pharynx; -- applied especially to the ninth pair of cranial nerves, which are distributed to the pharynx and tongue. -- n. One of the glossopharyngeal nerves.
Gnatworm (n.) The aquatic larva of a gnat; -- called also, colloquially, wiggler.
Gonimous (a.) Pertaining to, or containing, gonidia or gonimia, as that part of a lichen which contains the green or chlorophyll-bearing cells.
Gorcrow (n.) The carrion crow; -- called also gercrow.
Goutwort (n.) A coarse umbelliferous plant of Europe (Aegopodium Podagraria); -- called also bishop's weed, ashweed, and herb gerard.
Gowdnook (n.) The saury pike; -- called also gofnick.
Griffon (n.) A species of large vulture (Gyps fulvus) found in the mountainous parts of Southern Europe, North Africa, and Asia Minor; -- called also gripe, and grype. It is supposed to be the "eagle" of the Bible. The bearded griffin is the lammergeir.
Griffon (n.) One of a European breed of rough-coated dogs, somewhat taller than the setter and of a grizzly liver color. They are used in hunt game birds. The Brussels griffon is a very small, wiry-coated, short-nosed pet dog of Belgian origin.
Gringo (n.) Among Spanish Americans, a foreigner, esp. an Englishman or American; -- often used as a term of reproach.
Guacho (n.) One of the mixed-blood (Spanish-Indian) inhabitants of the pampas of South America; a mestizo.
Guerdon (n.) A reward; requital; recompense; -- used in both a good and a bad sense.
Guilloched (a.) Waved or engine-turned.
Gunroom (n.) An apartment on the after end of the lower gun deck of a ship of war, usually occupied as a messroom by the commissioned officers, except the captain; -- called wardroom in the United States navy.
Gunstome (n.) A cannon ball; -- so called because originally made of stone.
Halidom (n.) HoHamiform (n.) Hook-shaped.
Handsome (superl.) Dexterous; skillful; handy; ready; convenient; -- applied to things as persons.
Handsome (superl.) Agreeable to the eye or to correct taste; having a pleasing appearance or expression; attractive; having symmetry and dignity; comely; -- expressing more than pretty, and less than beautiful; as, a handsome man or woman; a handsome garment, house, tree, horse.
Harefoot (n.) A long, narrow foot, carried (that is, produced or extending) forward; -- said of dogs.
Hartford (n.) The Hartford grape, a variety of grape first raised at Hartford, Connecticut, from the Northern fox grape. Its large dark-colored berries ripen earlier than those of most other kinds. Haste (n.) Celerity of motion; speed; swiftness; dispatch; expedition; -- applied only to voluntary beings, as men and other animals.
Heteroecious (a.) Passing through the different stages in its life history on an alternation of hosts, as the common wheat-rust fungus (Puccinia graminis), and certain other parasitic fungi; -- contrasted with autoecious.
Headborrow (n.) The chief of a frankpledge, tithing, or decennary, consisting of ten families; -- called also borsholder, boroughhead, boroughholder, and sometimes tithingman. See Borsholder.
Hegemony (n.) Leadership; preponderant influence or authority; -- usually applied to the relation of a government or state to its neighbors or confederates.
Hemato () See Haema-.
Hematocrya (n. pl.) The cold-blooded vertebrates, that is, all but the mammals and birds; -- the antithesis to Hematotherma.
Hematotherma (n. pl.) The warm-blooded vertebrates, comprising the mammals and birds; -- the antithesis to hematocrya.
Hematothermal (a.) Warm-blooded.
Hemimorphic (a.) Having the two ends modified with unlike planes; -- said of a crystal.
Herdbook (n.) A book containing the list and pedigrees of one or more herds of choice breeds of cattle; -- also called herd record, or herd register.
Hereford (n.) One of a breed of cattle originating in Herefordshire, England. The Herefords are good working animals, and their beef-producing quality is excellent.
Heterodont (a.) Having the teeth differentiated into incisors, canines, and molars, as in man; -- opposed to homodont.
Heterodox (a.) Contrary to, or differing from, some acknowledged standard, as the Bible, the creed of a church, the decree of a council, and the like; not orthodox; heretical; -- said of opinions, doctrines, books, etc., esp. upon theological subjects.
Heterodox (a.) Holding heterodox opinions, or doctrines not orthodox; heretical; -- said of persons.
Heterodromous (a.) Moving in opposite directions; -- said of a lever, pulley, etc., in which the resistance and the actuating force are on opposite sides of the fulcrum or axis.
Heterogamy (n.) The process of fertilization in plants by an indirect or circuitous method; -- opposed to orthogamy.
Heterogamy (n.) That form of alternate generation in which two kinds of sexual generation, or a sexual and a parthenogenetic generation, alternate; -- in distinction from metagenesis, where sexual and asexual generations alternate.
Heterogangliate (a.) Having the ganglia of the nervous system unsymmetrically arranged; -- said of certain invertebrate animals.
Heterogeneous (a.) Differing in kind; having unlike qualities; possessed of different characteristics; dissimilar; -- opposed to homogeneous, and said of two or more connected objects, or of a conglomerate mass, considered in respect to the parts of which it is made up.
Heterogenesis (n.) That method of reproduction in which the successive generations differ from each other, the parent organism producing offspring different in habit and structure from itself, the original form, however, reappearing after one or more generations; -- opposed to homogenesis, or gamogenesis.
Heterographic (a.) Employing the same letters to represent different sounds in different words or syllables; -- said of methods of spelling; as, the ordinary English orthography is heterographic.
Heterogynous (a.) Having females very unlike the males in form and structure; -- as certain insects, the males of which are winged, and the females wingless.
Heterologous (a.) Characterized by heterology; consisting of different elements, or of like elements in different proportions; different; -- opposed to homologous; as, heterologous organs.
Heterology (n.) The absence of correspondence, or relation, in type of structure; lack of analogy between parts, owing to their being composed of different elements, or of like elements in different proportions; variation in structure from the normal form; -- opposed to homology.
Heteromerous (a.) Having the femoral artery developed as the principal artery of the leg; -- said of certain birds, as the cotingas and pipras.
Heteromorphic (a.) Deviating from the normal, perfect, or mature form; having different forms at different stages of existence, or in different individuals of the same species; -- applied especially to insects in which there is a wide difference of form between the larva and the adult, and to plants having more than one form of flower.
Heteronereis (n.) A free-swimming, dimorphic, sexual form of certain species of Nereis.
Heteronomy (n.) Subordination or subjection to the law of another; political subjection of a community or state; -- opposed to autonomy.
Heteronym (n.) That which is heteronymous; a thing having a different name or designation from some other thing; -- opposed to homonym.
Heterophemy (n.) The unconscious saying, in speech or in writing, of that which one does not intend to say; -- frequently the very reverse of the thought which is present to consciousness.
Heteroscian (n.) One who lives either north or south of the tropics, as contrasted with one who lives on the other side of them; -- so called because at noon the shadows always fall in opposite directions (the one northward, the other southward).
Heterotopy (n.) A deviation from the natural position; -- a term applied in the case of organs or growths which are abnormal in situation.
Hexagonal (a.) Having six sides and six angles; six-sided.
Hidebound (a.) Having the skin adhering so closely to the ribs and back as not to be easily loosened or raised; -- said of an animal.
Hidebound (a.) Having the bark so close and constricting that it impedes the growth; -- said of trees.
Homaloidal (a.) Flat; even; -- a term applied to surfaces and to spaces, whether real or imagined, in which the definitions, axioms, and postulates of Euclid respecting parallel straight Homodont (a.) Having all the teeth similar in front, as in the porpoises; -- opposed to heterodont.
Homoeomerous (a.) Having the main artery of the leg parallel with the sciatic nerve; -- said of certain birds.
Homoiothermal (a.) Maintaining a uniform temperature; haematothermal; homothermic; -- applied to warm-bodied animals, because they maintain a nearly uniform temperature in spite of the great variations in the surrounding air; in distinct from the cold-blooded (poikilothermal) animals, whose body temperature follows the variations in temperature of the surrounding medium.
Homoiousian (n.) One of the semi-Arians of the 4th century, who held that the Son was of like, but not the same, essence or substance with the Father; -- opposed to homoousian.
Homologoumena (n. pl.) Those books of the New Testament which were acknowledged as canonical by the early church; -- distinguished from antilegomena.
Homomorphism (n.) The possession, in one species of plants, of only one kind of flowers; -- opposed to heteromorphism, dimorphism, and trimorphism.
Honewort (n.) An umbelliferous plant of the genus Sison (S. Amomum); -- so called because used to cure a swelling called a hone.
Hopscotch (n.) A child's game, in which a player, hopping on one foot, drives a stone from one compartment to another of a figure traced or scotched on the ground; -- called also hoppers.
Hornbook (n.) The first book for children, or that from which in former times they learned their letters and rudiments; -- so called because a sheet of horn covered the small, thin board of oak, or the slip of paper, on which the alphabet, digits, and often the Lord's Prayer, were written or printed; a primer.
Hydriodic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, hydrogen and iodine; -- said of an acid produced by the combination of these elements.
Hydriodide (n.) A compound of hydriodic acid with a base; -- distinguished from an iodide, in which only the iodine combines with the base.
Hyperoxygenized (a.) Combined with a relatively large amount of oxygen; -- said of higher oxides.
Idiomorphous (a.) Apperaing in distinct crystals; -- said of the mineral constituents of a rock.
Iguanodon (n.) A genus of gigantic herbivorous dinosaurs having a birdlike pelvis and large hind legs with three-toed feet capable of supporting the entire body. Its teeth resemble those of the iguana, whence its name. Several species are known, mostly from the Wealden of England and Europe. See Illustration in Appendix.
Instroke (n.) An inward stroke; specif., in a steam or other engine, a stroke in which the piston is moving away from the crank shaft; -- opposed to outstroke.
Indicolite (n.) A variety of tourmaIndigo (n.) A blue dyestuff obtained from several plants belonging to very different genera and orders; as, the woad, Isatis tinctoria, Indigofera tinctoria, I. Anil, Nereum tinctorium, etc. It is a dark blue earthy substance, tasteless and odorless, with a copper-violet luster when rubbed. Indigo does not exist in the plants as such, but is obtained by decomposition of the glycoside indican.
Infusory (n.) One of the Infusoria; -- usually in the pl.
Interosculant (a.) Uniting two groups; -- said of certain genera which connect family groups, or of species that connect genera. See Osculant.
Iridious (a.) Of or pertaining to iridium; -- applied specifically to compounds in which iridium has a low valence.
Ironwork (n.) Anything made of iron; -- a general name of such parts or pieces of a building, vessel, carriage, etc., as consist of iron.
Jamesonite (n.) A steel-gray mineral, of metallic luster, commonly fibrous massive. It is a sulphide of antimony and lead, with a little iron.
Janitor (n.) A door-keeper; a porter; one who has the care of a public building, or a building occupied for offices, suites of rooms, etc.
Karpholite (n.) A fibrous mineral occurring in tufts of a straw-yellow color. It is a hydrous silicate of alumina and manganese.
Karreo (n.) One of the dry table-lands of South Africa, which often rise terracelike to considerable elevations.
Katabolism (n.) Destructive or downward metabolism; regressive metamorphism; -- opposed to anabolism. See Disassimilation.
Keitloa (n.) A black, two-horned, African rhinoceros (Atelodus keitloa). It has the posterior horn about as long as the anterior one, or even longer.
Kinetograph (n.) A combined animated-picture machine and phonograph in which sounds appropriate to the scene are automatically uttered by the latter instrument.
Keramographic (a.) Suitable to be written upon; capable of being written upon, as a slate; -- said especially of a certain kind of globe.
Keratose (n.) A tough, horny animal substance entering into the composition of the skeleton of sponges, and other invertebrates; -- called also keratode.
Kinesodic (a.) Conveying motion; as; kinesodic substance; -- applied esp. to the spinal cord, because it is capable of conveying doth voluntary and reflex motor impulses, without itself being affected by motor impulses applied to it directly.
Kinetogenesis (n.) An instrument for producing curves by the combination of circular movements; -- called also kinescope.
Kneejoint (n.) A toggle joint; -- so called because consisting of two pieces jointed to each other end to end, making an angle like the knee when bent.
Krumhorn (a.) A reed stop in the organ; -- sometimes called cremona.
Krypton (n.) An inert gaseous element of the argon group, occurring in air to the extent of about one volume in a million. It was discovered by Ramsay and Travers in 1898. Liquefying point, -- 152? C.; symbol, Kr; atomic weight, 83.0.
Ladino (n.) One of the half-breed descendants of whites and Indians; a mestizo; -- so called throughout Central America. They are usually of a yellowish orange tinge.
Landlocked (a.) Confined to a fresh-water lake by reason of waterfalls or dams; -- said of fishes that would naturally seek the sea, after spawning; as, the landlocked salmon.
Laticostate (a.) Broad-ribbed.
Latirostres (n. pl.) The broad-billed singing birds, such as the swallows, and their allies.
Laxator (n.) That which loosens; -- esp., a muscle which by its contraction loosens some part.
Leadwort (n.) A genus of maritime herbs (Plumbago). P. Europaea has lead-colored spots on the leaves, and nearly lead-colored flowers.
Legato (a.) Connected; tied; -- a term used when successive tones are to be produced in a closely connected, smoothly gliding manner. It is often indicated by a tie, thus /, /, or /, /, written over or under the notes to be so performed; -- opposed to staccato.
Lemuroidea (n. pl.) A suborder of primates, including the lemurs, the aye-aye, and allied species.
Leontodon (n.) A genus of liguliflorous composite plants, including the fall dandelion (L. autumnale), and formerly the true dandelion; -- called also lion's tooth.
Lepidolite (n.) A species of mica, of a lilac or rose-violet color, containing lithia. It usually occurs in masses consisting of small scales. See Mica.
Lepidomelane (n.) An iron-potash mica, of a raven-black color, usually found in granitic rocks in small six-sided tables, or as an aggregation of minute opaque scales. See Mica.
Lepidosiren (n.) An eel-shaped ganoid fish of the order Dipnoi, having both gills and lungs. It inhabits the rivers of South America. The name is also applied to a related African species (Protopterus annectens). The lepidosirens grow to a length of from four to six feet. Called also doko.
Levorotatory (a.) Turning or rotating the plane of polarization towards the left; levogyrate, as levulose, left-handed quartz crystals, etc.
LimicoLiripoop (n.) A pendent part of the old clerical tippet; afterwards, a tippet; a scarf; -- worn also by doctors, learned men, etc.
Liroconite (n.) A hydrated arseniate of copper, occurring in obtuse pyramidal crystals of a sky-blue or verdigris-green color.
Levorotation (n.) Rotation in the direction of an outgoing right-handed screw; counter-clockwise rotation; -- applied chiefly to the turning of the plane of polarization of light.
Locomotive (n.) A locomotive engine; a self-propelling wheel carriage, especially one which bears a steam boiler and one or more steam engines which communicate motion to the wheels and thus propel the carriage, -- used to convey goods or passengers, or to draw wagons, railroad cars, etc. See Illustration in Appendix.
Longbow (n.) The ordinary bow, not mounted on a stock; -- so called in distinction from the crossbow when both were used as weapons of war. Also, sometimes, such a bow of about the height of a man, as distinguished from a much shorter one.
Longhorn (n.) A long-horned animal, as a cow, goat, or beetle. See Long-horned.
Lovelock (n.) A long lock of hair hanging prominently by itself; an earlock; -- worn by men of fashion in the reigns of Elizabeth and James I.
Lungoor (n.) A long-tailed monkey (Semnopithecus schislaceus), from the mountainous districts of India.
Lungwort (n.) An herb of the genus Pulmonaria (P. officinalis), of Europe; -- so called because the spotted appearance of the leaves resembles that of a diseased lung.
Lycopodiaceous (a.) Belonging, or relating, to the Lycopodiaceae, an order of cryptogamous plants (called also club mosses) with branching stems, and small, crowded, one-nerved, and usually pointed leaves.
Lymphoma (n.) A tumor having a structure resembling that of a lymphatic gland; -- called also lymphadenoma.
Marabou (n.) A kind of thrown raw silk, nearly white naturally, but capable of being dyed without scouring; also, a thin fabric made from it, as for scarfs, which resembles the feathers of the marabou in delicacy, -- whence the name.
Matador (n.) A certain game of dominoes in which four dominoes (the 4-3, 5-2, 6-1, and double blank), called matadors, may be played at any time in any way.
Macaco (n.) Any one of several species of lemurs, as the ruffed lemur (Lemur macaco), and the ring-tailed lemur (L. catta).
Macaroni (n.) A finical person; a fop; -- applied especially to English fops of about 1775.
Mademoiselle (n.) A marine food fish (Sciaena chrysura), of the Southern United States; -- called also yellowtail, and silver perch.
Maestoso (a. & adv.) Majestic or majestically; -- a direction to perform a passage or piece of music in a dignified manner.
Maintop (n.) The platform about the head of the mainmast in square-rigged vessels.
Malacopoda (n. pl.) A class of air-breathing Arthropoda; -- called also Protracheata, and Onychophora.
Malacostracology (n.) That branch of zoological science which relates to the crustaceans; -- called also carcinology.
Malodor (n.) An Offensive to the sense of smell; ill-smelling.
Manifold (a.) Exhibited at divers times or in various ways; -- used to qualify nouns in the singular number.
Mansion (n.) A dwelling place, -- whether a part or whole of a house or other shelter.
Mataco (n.) The three-banded armadillo (Tolypeutis tricinctus). See Illust. under Loricata.
Medusoid (a.) Like a medusa; having the fundamental structure of a medusa, but without a locomotive disk; -- said of the sessile gonophores of hydroids.
Megapode (n.) Any one of several species of large-footed, gallinaceous birds of the genera Megapodius and Leipoa, inhabiting Australia and other Pacific islands. See Jungle fowl (b) under Jungle, and Leipoa.
Megavolt (n.) One of the larger measures of electro-motive force, amounting to one million volts.
Melanochroite (n.) A mineral of a red, or brownish or yellowish red color. It is a chromate of lead; -- called also phoenicocroite.
Melanocomous (a.) Having very dark or black hair; black-haired.
Melanorrhoea (n.) An East Indian genus of large trees. Melanorrh/a usitatissima is the lignum-vitae of Pegu, and yelds a valuable black varnish.
Melitose (n.) A variety of sugar isomeric with sucrose, extracted from cotton seeds and from the so-called Australian manna (a secretion of certain species of Eucalyptus).
Mention (n.) A speaking or notice of anything, -- usually in a brief or cursory manner. Used especially in the phrase to make mention of.
Metamorphic (a.) Pertaining to, produced by, or exhibiting, certain changes which minerals or rocks may have undergone since their original deposition; -- especially applied to the recrystallization which sedimentary rocks have undergone through the influence of heat and pressure, after which they are called metamorphic rocks.
Metasomatism (n.) An alteration in a mineral or rock mass when involving a chemical change of the substance, as of chrysolite to serpentine; -- opposed to ordinary metamorphism, as implying simply a recrystallization.
Metazoa (n. pl.) Those animals in which the protoplasmic mass, constituting the egg, is converted into a multitude of cells, which are metamorphosed into the tissues of the body. A central cavity is commonly developed, and the cells around it are at first arranged in two layers, -- the ectoderm and endoderm. The group comprises nearly all animals except the Protozoa.
Mezuzoth (n.) A piece of parchment bearing the Decalogue and attached to the doorpost; -- in use among orthodox Hebrews.
Melanoma (n.) Development of dark-pigmented tumors.
Million (n.) The number of ten hundred thousand, or a thousand thousand, -- written 1,000, 000. See the Note under Hundred.
Million (n.) The mass of common people; -- with the article the.
Monitor (n.) An ironclad war vessel, very low in the water, and having one or more heavily-armored revolving turrets, carrying heavy guns.
Monomorphous (a.) Having but a single form; retaining the same form throughout the various stages of development; of the same or of an essentially similar type of structure; -- opposed to dimorphic, trimorphic, and polymorphic.
Monopodium (n.) A single and continuous vegetable axis; -- opposed to sympodium.
Monozoa (n. pl.) A division of Radiolaria; -- called also Monocyttaria.
Monsoon (n.) A wind blowing part of the year from one direction, alternating with a wind from the opposite direction; -- a term applied particularly to periodical winds of the Indian Ocean, which blow from the southwest from the latter part of May to the middle of September, and from the northeast from about the middle of October to the middle of December.
Montgolfier (n.) A balloon which ascends by the buoyancy of air heated by a fire; a fire balloon; -- so called from two brothers, Stephen and Joseph Montgolfier, of France, who first constructed and sent up a fire balloon.
Moonwort (n.) Any fern of the genus Botrychium, esp. B. Lunaria; -- so named from the crescent-shaped segments of its frond.
Morepork (n.) The Australian crested goatsucker (Aegotheles Novae-Hollandiae). Also applied to other allied birds, as Podargus Cuveiri.
Morphogeny (n.) History of the evolution of forms; that part of ontogeny that deals with the germ history of forms; -- distinguished from physiogeny.
Muckworm (n.) A larva or grub that lives in muck or manure; -- applied to the larvae of the tumbledung and allied beetles.
Mushroom (n.) An edible fungus (Agaricus campestris), having a white stalk which bears a convex or oven flattish expanded portion called the pileus. This is whitish and silky or somewhat scaly above, and bears on the under side radiating gills which are at first flesh-colored, but gradually become brown. The plant grows in rich pastures and is proverbial for rapidity of growth and shortness of duration. It has a pleasant smell, and is largely used as food. It is also cultivated from spawn.
Mushroom (a.) Resembling mushrooms in rapidity of growth and shortness of duration; short-lived; ephemerial; as, mushroom cities.
Mycetozoa (n. pl.) The Myxomycetes; -- so called by those who regard them as a class of animals.
Napiform (a.) Turnip-shaped; large and round in the upper part, and very slender below.
Nardoo (n.) An Australian name for Marsilea Drummondii, a four-leaved cryptogamous plant, sometimes used for food.
Natatorious (a.) Adapted for swimming; -- said of the legs of certain insects.
Neishout (n.) The mahogany-like wood of the South African tree Pteroxylon utile, the sawdust of which causes violent sneezing (whence the name). Also called sneezewood.
Nematocera (n. pl.) A suborder of dipterous insects, having long antennae, as the mosquito, gnat, and crane fly; -- called also Nemocera.
Nematogene (n.) One of the dimorphic forms of the species of Dicyemata, which produced vermiform embryos; -- opposed to rhombogene.
Nonprossed (imp. & p. p.) of Non-pros
Nuciform (a.) Shaped like a nut; nut-shaped.
Nucleoplasmic (a.) Of or pertaining to nucleoplasm; -- esp. applied to a body formed in the developing ovum from the plasma of the nucleus of the germinal vesicle.
Numero (n.) Number; -- often abbrev. No.
Octavo (n.) A book composed of sheets each of which is folded into eight leaves; hence, indicating more or less definitely a size of book so made; -- usually written 8vo or 8?.
Odontostomatous (a.) Having toothlike mandibles; -- applied to certain insects.
Omnipotent (a.) Able in every respect and for every work; unlimited in ability; all-powerful; almighty; as, the Being that can create worlds must be omnipotent.
Omnivorous (a.) All-devouring; eating everything indiscriminately; as, omnivorous vanity; esp. (Zool.), eating both animal and vegetable food.
Onappo (n.) A nocturnal South American monkey (Callithrix discolor), noted for its agility; -- called also ventriloquist monkey.
Oration (n.) An elaborate discourse, delivered in public, treating an important subject in a formal and dignified manner; especially, a discourse having reference to some special occasion, as a funeral, an anniversary, a celebration, or the like; -- distinguished from an argument in court, a popular harangue, a sermon, a lecture, etc.; as, Webster's oration at Bunker Hill.
Organogenesis (n.) The germ history of the organs and systems of organs, -- a branch of morphogeny.
Organoleptic (a.) Making an impression upon an organ; plastic; -- said of the effect or impression produced by any substance on the organs of touch, taste, or smell, and also on the organism as a whole.
Organophyly (n.) The tribal history of organs, -- a branch of morphophyly.
Orillon (n.) A semicircular projection made at the shoulder of a bastion for the purpose of covering the retired flank, -- found in old fortresses.
Outcrop (v. i.) To come out to the surface of the ground; -- said of strata.
Overmorrow (n.) The day after or following to-morrow.
Oversoul (n.) The all-containing soul.
Oxindol (n.) A white crystalParanoia (n.) A chronic form of insanity characterized by very gradual impairment of the intellect, systematized delusion, and usually by delusious of persecution or mandatory delusions producing homicidal tendency. In its mild form paranoia may consist in the well-marked crotchetiness exhibited in persons commonly called "cranks." Paranoiacs usually show evidences of bodily and nervous degeneration, and many have hallucinations, esp. of sight and hearing.
Panshon (n.) An earthen vessel wider at the top than at the bottom, -- used for holding milk and for various other purposes.
Paralogism (n.) A reasoning which is false in point of form, that is, which is contrary to logical rules or formulae; a formal fallacy, or pseudo-syllogism, in which the conclusion does not follow from the premises.
Paramour (n.) A lover, of either sex; a wooer or a mistress (formerly in a good sense, now only in a bad one); one who takes the place, without possessing the rights, of a husband or wife; -- used of a man or a woman.
Paramours (adv.) By or with love, esp. the love of the sexes; -- sometimes written as two words.
Parapodium (n.) One of the lateral appendages of an annelid; -- called also foot tubercle.
Paregoric (n.) A medicine that mitigates pain; an anodyne; specifically, camphorated tincture of opium; -- called also paregoric elexir.
Parotoid (a.) Resembling the parotid gland; -- applied especially to cutaneous glandular elevations above the ear in many toads and frogs.
Passion (n.) The state of being acted upon; subjection to an external agent or influence; a passive condition; -- opposed to action.
Passionate (a.) Capable or susceptible of passion, or of different passions; easily moved, excited or agitated; specifically, easily moved to anger; irascible; quick-tempered; as, a passionate nature.
Passport (n.) A license granted in time of war for the removal of persons and effects from a hostile country; a safe-conduct.
Pelecoid (n.) A figure, somewhat hatched-shaped, bounded by a semicircle and two inverted quadrants, and equal in area to the square ABCD inclosed by the chords of the four quadrants.
Pension (v. t.) To grant a pension to; to pay a regular stipend to; in consideration of service already performed; -- sometimes followed by off; as, to pension off a servant.
Pensioner (n.) In the university of Cambridge, England, one who pays for his living in commons; -- corresponding to commoner at Oxford.
Penthouse (n.) A shed or roof sloping from the main wall or building, as over a door or window; a lean-to. Also figuratively.
Pentroof (n.) See Lean-to.
Pervious (a.) Open; -- used synonymously with perforate, as applied to the nostrils or birds.
Petalous (a.) Having petals; petaled; -- opposed to apetalous.
Phaeton (n.) A four-wheeled carriage (with or without a top), open, or having no side pieces, in front of the seat. It is drawn by one or two horses.
Phaeton (n.) A handsome American butterfly (Euphydryas, / Melitaea, Phaeton). The upper side of the wings is black, with orange-red spots and marginal crescents, and several rows of cream-colored spots; -- called also Baltimore.
Phainopepla (n.) A small crested passerine bird (Phainopepla nitens), native of Mexico and the Southern United States. The adult male is of a uniform glossy blue-black; the female is brownish. Called also black flycatcher.
Phlogopite (n.) A kind of mica having generally a peculiar bronze-red or copperlike color and a pearly luster. It is a silicate of aluminia, with magnesia, potash, and some fluorine. It is characteristic of crystalPhlorone (n.) A yellow crystalPhyllophorous (a.) Leaf-bearing; producing leaves.
Phyllosoma (n.) The larva of the spiny lobsters (Palinurus and allied genera). Its body is remarkably thin, flat, and transparent; the legs are very long. Called also glass-crab, and glass-shrimp.
Phyllostome (n.) Any bat of the genus Phyllostoma, or allied genera, having large membranes around the mouth and nose; a nose-leaf bat.
Physiophyly (n.) The tribal history of the functions, or the history of the paleontological development of vital activities, -- being a branch of phylogeny. See Morphophyly.
Pillwort (n.) Any plant of the genus Pilularia; minute aquatic cryptograms, with small pill-shaped fruit; -- sometimes called peppergrass.
Pipemouth (n.) Any fish of the genus Fistularia; -- called also tobacco pipefish. See Fistularia.
Pipewort (n.) Any plant of a genus (Eriocaulon) of aquatic or marsh herbs with soft grass-like leaves.
Pluviograph (n.) A self-registering rain gauge.
Plagionite (n.) A sulphide of lead and antimony, of a blackish lead-gray color and metallic luster.
Plagiostomi (n. pl.) An order of fishes including the sharks and rays; -- called also Plagiostomata.
Plectognathic (a.) Alt. of Plec-tognathous
Plectospondyli (n. pl.) An extensive suborder of fresh-water physostomous fishes having the anterior vertebrae united and much modified; the Eventognathi.
Pledgor (n.) One who pledges, or delivers anything in pledge; a pledger; -- opposed to pledgee.
Plesiosauria (n. pl.) An extinct order of Mesozoic marine reptiles including the genera Plesiosaurus, and allied forms; -- called also Sauropterygia.
Plethora (n.) Overfullness; especially, excessive fullness of the blood vessels; repletion; that state of the blood vessels or of the system when the blood exceeds a healthy standard in quantity; hyperaemia; -- opposed to anaemia.
Plethoric (a.) Haeving a full habit of body; characterized by plethora or excess of blood; as, a plethoric constitution; -- used also metaphorically.
Pleuroperitoneum (n.) The pleural and peritoneal membranes, or the membrane lining the body cavity and covering the surface of the inclosed viscera; the peritoneum; -- used especially in the case of those animals in which the body cavity is not divided.
Pleurosteon (n.) The antero-lateral piece which articulates the sternum of birds.
Plumbous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, lead; -- used specifically to designate those compounds in which it has a lower valence as contrasted with plumbic compounds.
Pneumothorax (n.) A condition in which air or other gas is present in the cavity of the chest; -- called also pneumatothorax.
Pockwood (n.) Lignum-vitae.
Polatouche (n.) A flying squirrel (Sciuropterus volans) native of Northern Europe and Siberia; -- called also minene.
Polemoscope (n.) An opera glass or field glass with an oblique mirror arranged for seeing objects do not lie directly before the eye; -- called also diagonal, / side, opera glass.
Poltroon (n.) An arrant coward; a dastard; a craven; a mean-spirited wretch.
Polymorphosis (n.) The assumption of several structural forms without a corresponding difference in function; -- said of sponges, etc.
Polymorphous (a.) Having, or occurring in, several distinct forms; -- opposed to monomorphic.
Polynomial (n.) An expression composed of two or more terms, connected by the signs plus or minus; as, a2 - 2ab + b2.
Polytomous (a.) Subdivided into many distinct subordinate parts, which, however, not being jointed to the petiole, are not true leaflets; -- said of leaves.
Pontoon (n.) A wooden flat-bottomed boat, a metallic cylinder, or a frame covered with canvas, India rubber, etc., forming a portable float, used in building bridges quickly for the passage of troops.
Porkwood (n.) The coarse-grained brownish yellow wood of a small tree (Pisonia obtusata) of Florida and the West Indies. Also called pigeon wood, beefwood, and corkwood.
Portionist (n.) A scholar at Merton College, Oxford, who has a certain academical allowance or portion; -- corrupted into postmaster.
Postposition (n.) A word or particle placed after, or at the end of, another word; -- distinguished from preposition.
Potamospongiae (n. pl.) The fresh-water sponges. See Spongilla.
Pothook (n.) An S-shaped hook on which pots and kettles are hung over an open fire.
Praseodymium (n.) An elementary substance, one of the constituents of didymium; -- so called from the green color of its salts. Symbol Ps. Atomic weight 143.6.
Prebronchial (a.) Situated in front of the bronchus; -- applied especially to an air sac on either side of the esophagus of birds.
Pressor (a.) Causing, or giving rise to, pressure or to an increase of pressure; as, pressor nerve fibers, stimulation of which excites the vasomotor center, thus causing a stronger contraction of the arteries and consequently an increase of the arterial blood pressure; -- opposed to depressor.
Presto (a.) Quickly; rapidly; -- a direction for a quick, lively movement or performance; quicker than allegro, or any rate of time except prestissimo.
Primrose (a.) An early flowering plant of the genus Primula (P. vulgaris) closely allied to the cowslip. There are several varieties, as the white-, the red-, the yellow-flowered, etc. Formerly called also primerole, primerolles.
Primrose (a.) Of or pertaining to the primrose; of the color of a primrose; -- hence, flowery; gay.
Prochordal (a.) Situated in front of the notochord; -- applied especially to parts of the cartilaginous rudiments in the base of the skull.
Proctorage (n.) Management by a proctor, or as by a proctor; hence, control; superintendence; -- in contempt.
Prodromus (n.) A preliminary course or publication; -- used esp. in the titles of elementary works.
Pseudonavicula (n.) One of the minute spindle-shaped embryos of Gregarinae and some other Protozoa.
Pseudoscope (n.) An instrument which exhibits objects with their proper relief reversed; -- an effect opposite to that produced by the stereoscope.
Pseudosphere (n.) The surface of constant negative curvature generated by the revolution of a tractrix. This surface corresponds in non-Euclidian space to the sphere in ordinary space. An important property of the surface is that any figure drawn upon it can be displaced in any way without tearing it or altering in size any of its elements.
Pseudovary (n.) The organ in which pseudova are produced; -- called also pseudovarium.
Pulsion (n.) The act of driving forward; propulsion; -- opposed to suction or traction.
Pyriform (a.) Having the form of a pear; pear-shaped.
Pyromorphite (n.) Native lead phosphate with lead chloride, occurring in bright green and brown hexagonal crystals and also massive; -- so called because a fused globule crystallizes in cooling.
Pyrrhotite (n.) A bronze-colored mineral, of metallic luster. It is a sulphide of iron, and is remarkable for being attracted by the magnet. Called also magnetic pyrites.
Quadroon (n.) The offspring of a mulatto and a white person; a person quarter-blooded.
Quandong (n.) The edible drupaceous fruit of an Australian tree (Fusanus acuminatus) of the Sandalwood family; -- called also quandang.
Quatuor (n.) A quartet; -- applied chiefly to instrumental compositions.
Rabato (n.) A kind of ruff for the neck; a turned-down collar; a rebato.
Rampion (n.) A plant (Campanula Rapunculus) of the Bellflower family, with a tuberous esculent root; -- also called ramps.
Rancho (n.) A large grazing farm where horses and cattle are raised; -- distinguished from hacienda, a cultivated farm or plantation.
Rattoon (n.) One of the stems or shoots of sugar cane of the second year's growth from the root, or later. See Plant-cane.
Reabsorb (v. t.) To absorb again; to draw in, or imbibe, again what has been effused, extravasated, or thrown off; to swallow up again; as, to reabsorb chyle, lymph, etc.; -- used esp. of fluids.
Reexport (n.) Any commodity reexported; -- chiefly in the plural.
Relator (n.) A private person at whose relation, or in whose behalf, the attorney-general allows an information in the nature of a quo warranto to be filed.
Retinol (n.) A hydrocarbon oil obtained by the distillation of resin, -- used in printer's ink.
Revivor (n.) Revival of a suit which is abated by the death or marriage of any of the parties, -- done by a bill of revivor.
Rhabdolith (n.) A minute calcareous rodlike structure found both at the surface and the bottom of the ocean; -- supposed by some to be a calcareous alga.
Rhapsody (n.) A recitation or song of a rhapsodist; a portion of an epic poem adapted for recitation, or usually recited, at one time; hence, a division of the Iliad or the Odyssey; -- called also a book.
Rhombogene (n.) A dicyemid which produces infusorialike embryos; -- opposed to nematogene. See Dicyemata.
Rhomboid (n.) An oblique-angled parallelogram like a rhomb, but having only the opposite sides equal, the length and with being different.
Ricinoleate (n.) A salt of ricinoleic acid; -- formerly called palmate.
Ricinolein (n.) The glycerin salt of ricinoleic acid, occuring as a characteristic constituent of castor oil; -- formerly called palmin.
Rietboc (n.) The reedbuck, a South African antelope (Cervicapra arundinacea); -- so called from its frequenting dry places covered with high grass or reeds. Its color is yellowish brown. Called also inghalla, and rietbok.
Rigadoon (n.) A gay, lively dance for one couple, -- said to have been borrowed from Provence in France.
Ringworm (n.) A contagious affection of the skin due to the presence of a vegetable parasite, and forming ring-shaped discolored patches covered with vesicles or powdery scales. It occurs either on the body, the face, or the scalp. Different varieties are distinguished as Tinea circinata, Tinea tonsurans, etc., but all are caused by the same parasite (a species of Trichophyton).
Ripidolite (n.) A translucent mineral of a green color and micaceous structure, belonging to the chlorite group; a hydrous silicate of alumina, magnesia, and iron; -- called also clinochlore.
Roseroot (n.) A fleshy-leaved herb (Rhodiola rosea); rosewort; -- so called because the roots have the odor of roses.
Rotiform (a.) Wheel-shaped; as, rotiform appendages.
RupicoSaccholactate (n.) A salt of saccholactic acid; -- formerly called also saccholate.
Sagamore (n.) The head of a tribe among the American Indians; a chief; -- generally used as synonymous with sachem, but some writters distinguished between them, making the sachem a chief of the first rank, and a sagamore one of the second rank.
Saltmouth (n.) A wide-mouthed bottle with glass stopper for holding chemicals, especially crystallized salts.
Sapajou (n.) Any one of several species of South American monkeys of the genus Cebus, having long and prehensile tails. Some of the species are called also capuchins. The bonnet sapajou (C. subcristatus), the golden-handed sapajou (C. chrysopus), and the white-throated sapajou (C. hypoleucus) are well known species. See Capuchin.
Sappho (n.) Any one of several species of brilliant South American humming birds of the genus Sappho, having very bright-colored and deeply forked tails; -- called also firetail.
Sapwood (n.) The alburnum, or part of the wood of any exogenous tree next to the bark, being that portion of the tree through which the sap flows most freely; -- distinguished from heartwood.
Sawtooth (n.) An arctic seal (Lobodon carcinophaga), having the molars serrated; -- called also crab-eating seal.
Saxicosandlot () a vacant lot; -- used especially in reference to informal games played by children; as, sandlot baseball.
Scaffold (n.) An accumulation of adherent, partly fused material forming a shelf, or dome-shaped obstruction, above the tuyeres in a blast furnace.
Scaphocephaly (n.) A deformed condition of the skull, in which the vault is narrow, elongated, and more or less boat-shaped.
Scaphoid (a.) Resembling a boat in form; boat-shaped.
Schizognathous (a.) Having the maxillo-palatine bones separate from each other and from the vomer, which is pointed in front, as in the gulls, snipes, grouse, and many other birds.
Schizomycetes (n. pl.) An order of Schizophyta, including the so-called fission fungi, or bacteria. See Schizophyta, in the Supplement.
Sciuroid (a.) Resembling the tail of a squirrel; -- generally said of branches which are close and dense, or of spikes of grass like barley.
Sclerobase (n.) The calcareous or hornlike coral forming the central stem or axis of most compound alcyonarians; -- called also foot secretion. See Illust. under Gorgoniacea, and Coenenchyma.
Sclerotic (a.) Hard; firm; indurated; -- applied especially in anatomy to the firm outer coat of the eyeball, which is often cartilaginous and sometimes bony.
Scyphophori (n. pl.) An order of fresh-water fishes inhabiting tropical Africa. They have rudimentary electrical organs on each side of the tail.
Section (n.) One of the portions, of one square mile each, into which the public lands of the United States are divided; one thirty-sixth part of a township. These sections are subdivided into quarter sections for sale under the homestead and preemption laws.
Section (n.) A division of a genus; a group of species separated by some distinction from others of the same genus; -- often indicated by the sign /.
Seedbox (n.) A plant (Ludwigia alternifolia) which has somewhat cubical or box-shaped capsules.
Selenography (n.) The science that treats of the physical features of the moon; -- corresponding to physical geography in respect to the earth.
Semidouble (a.) Having the outermost stamens converted into petals, while the inner ones remain perfect; -- said of a flower.
Semihoral (a.) Half-hourly.
Seminose (n.) A carbohydrate of the glucose group found in the thickened endosperm of certain seeds, and extracted as yellow sirup having a sweetish-bitter taste.
Semitone (n.) Half a tone; -- the name commonly applied to the smaller intervals of the diatonic scale.
Sepalous (a.) Having, or relating to, sepals; -- used mostly in composition. See under Sepal.
Semitontine (a.) Lit., half-tontine; -- used to designate a form of tontine life insurance. See Tontine insurance.
Shaddock (n.) A tree (Citrus decumana) and its fruit, which is a large species of orange; -- called also forbidden fruit, and pompelmous.
Shallon (n.) An evergreen shrub (Gaultheria Shallon) of Northwest America; also, its fruit. See Salal-berry.
Shipboard (n.) A ship's side; hence, by extension, a ship; -- found chiefly in adverbial phrases; as, on shipboard; a shipboard.
Shipworm (n.) Any long, slender, worm-shaped bivalve mollusk of Teredo and allied genera. The shipworms burrow in wood, and are destructive to wooden ships, piles of wharves, etc. See Teredo.
Shoehorn (n.) Alt. of Shoeing-horn
Sideboard (n.) A piece of dining-room furniture having compartments and shelves for keeping or displaying articles of table service.
Sideromancy (n.) Divination by burning straws on red-hot iron, and noting the manner of their burning.
Siderostat (n.) An apparatus consisting essentially of a mirror moved by clockwork so as to throw the rays of the sun or a star in a fixed direction; -- a more general term for heliostat.
Siluroid (n.) Belonging to the Siluroidei, or Nematognathi, an order of fishes including numerous species, among which are the American catfishes and numerous allied fresh-water species of the Old World, as the sheatfish (Silurus glanis) of Europe.
SinapoSlopwork (n.) The manufacture of slops, or cheap ready-made clothing; also, such clothing; hence, hasty, slovenly work of any kind.
Soapwort (n.) A common plant (Saponaria officinalis) of the Pink family; -- so called because its bruised leaves, when agitated in water, produce a lather like that from soap. Called also Bouncing Bet.
Solanoid (a.) Resembling a potato; -- said of a kind of cancer.
Sonorous (a.) Loud-sounding; giving a clear or loud sound; as, a sonorous voice.
Sonorous (a.) Impressive in sound; high-sounding.
Sonorous (a.) Sonant; vibrant; hence, of sounds produced in a cavity, deep-toned; as, sonorous rhonchi.
Spekboom (n.) The purslane tree of South Africa, -- said to be the favorite food of elephants.
Spermoderm (n.) The covering of a seed; -- sometimes limited to the outer coat or testa.
Spermophyte (n.) Any plant which produces true seeds; -- a term recently proposed to replace ph/nogam.
Sphenogram (n.) A cuneiform, or arrow-headed, character.
Sphenoid (a.) Wedge-shaped; as, a sphenoid crystal.
Sphenoid (n.) A wedge-shaped crystal bounded by four equal isosceles triangles. It is the hemihedral form of a square pyramid.
Spontoon (n.) A kind of half-pike, or halberd, formerly borne by inferior officers of the British infantry, and used in giving signals to the soldiers.
Squalodon (n.) A genus of fossil whales belonging to the Phocodontia; -- so called because their are serrated, like a shark's.
Squamozygomatic (a.) Of or pertaining to both the squamosal and zygomatic bones; -- applied to a bone, or a center of ossification, in some fetal skulls.
Stanhope (n.) A light two-wheeled, or sometimes four-wheeled, carriage, without a top; -- so called from Lord Stanhope, for whom it was contrived.
Starboard (v. t.) That side of a vessel which is on the right hand of a person who stands on board facing the bow; -- opposed to larboard, or port.
Starboard (a.) Pertaining to the right-hand side of a ship; being or lying on the right side; as, the starboard quarter; starboard tack.
Starmonger (n.) A fortune teller; an astrologer; -- used in contempt.
Starnose (n.) A curious American mole (Condylura cristata) having the nose expanded at the end into a stellate disk; -- called also star-nosed mole.
Starwort (n.) A small plant of the genus Stellaria, having star-shaped flowers; star flower; chickweed.
Station (n.) One of the places at which ecclesiastical processions pause for the performance of an act of devotion; formerly, the tomb of a martyr, or some similarly consecrated spot; now, especially, one of those representations of the successive stages of our Lord's passion which are often placed round the naves of large churches and by the side of the way leading to sacred edifices or shrines, and which are visited in rotation, stated services being performed at each; -- called also Station>
Stauroscope (n.) An optical instrument used in determining the position of the planes of light-vibration in sections of crystals.
Stearoptene (n.) The more solid ingredient of certain volatile oils; -- contrasted with elaeoptene.
Stentor (n.) Any species of ciliated Infusoria belonging to the genus Stentor and allied genera, common in fresh water. The stentors have a bell-shaped, or cornucopia-like, body with a circle of cilia around the spiral terminal disk. See Illust. under Heterotricha.
Stercobilin (n.) A coloring matter found in the faeces, a product of the alteration of the bile pigments in the intestinal canal, -- identical with hydrobilirubin.
Stereobate (n.) The lower part or basement of a building or pedestal; -- used loosely for several different forms of basement.
Stereometry (n.) The art of measuring and computing the cubical contents of bodies and figures; -- distinguished from planimetry.
Stereotype (n.) A plate forming an exact faximile of a page of type or of an engraving, used in printing books, etc.; specifically, a plate with type-metal face, used for printing.
Stethometer (n.) An apparatus for measuring the external movements of a given point of the chest wall, during respiration; -- also called thoracometer.
Stichometry (n.) Division of the text of a book into Stubborn (a.) Firm as a stub or stump; stiff; unbending; unyielding; persistent; hence, unreasonably obstinate in will or opinion; not yielding to reason or persuasion; refractory; harsh; -- said of persons and things; as, stubborn wills; stubborn ore; a stubborn oak; as stubborn as a mule.
Studious (a.) Earnest in endeavors; aiming sedulously; attentive; observant; diligent; -- usually followed by an infinitive or by of; as, be studious to please; studious to find new friends and allies.
Stilton (n.) A peculiarly flavored unpressed cheese made from milk with cream added; -- so called from the village or parish of Stilton, England, where it was originally made. It is very rich in fat.
Sundrops (n.) Any one of the several species of Kneiffia, esp. K. fruticosa (syn. Oenothera fruticosa), of the Evening-primrose family, having flowers that open by daylight.
Subatom (n.) A hypothetical component of a chemical atom, on the theory that the elements themselves are complex substances; -- called also atomicule.
Subglottic (a.) Situated below the glottis; -- applied to that part of the cavity of the larynx below the true vocal cords.
Sulphocyanate (n.) A salt of sulphocyanic acid; -- also called thiocyanate, and formerly inaccurately sulphocyanide.
Sulphonic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, a sulphone; -- used specifically to designate any one of a series of acids (regarded as acid ethereal salts of sulphurous acid) obtained by the oxidation of the mercaptans, or by treating sulphuric acid with certain aromatic bases (as benzene); as, phenyl sulphonic acid, C6H5.SO2.OH, a stable colorless crystalSulphostannic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a sulphacid of tin (more exactly called metasulphostannic acid), which is obtained as a dark brown amorphous substance, H/SnS/, forming a well-known series of salts.
Sunflower (n.) Any plant of the genus Helianthus; -- so called probably from the form and color of its flower, which is large disk with yellow rays. The commonly cultivated sunflower is Helianthus annuus, a native of America.
Supraocular (a.) Above the eyes; -- said of certain scales of fishes and reptiles.
Swallow (v. t.) To draw into an abyss or gulf; to ingulf; to absorb -- usually followed by up.
Swallow (v. t.) To engross; to appropriate; -- usually with up.
Swallowtail (n.) An outwork with converging sides, its head or front forming a reentrant angle; -- so called from its form. Called also priestcap.
Swallowtail (n.) A swallow-tailed coat.
Swallowwort (n.) A poisonous plant (Vincetoxicum officinale) of the Milkweed family, at one time used in medicine; -- also called white swallowwort.
Sycamore (n.) A large European species of maple (Acer Pseudo-Platanus).
Synagogue (n.) The council of, probably, 120 members among the Jews, first appointed after the return from the Babylonish captivity; -- called also the Great Synagogue, and sometimes, though erroneously, the Sanhedrin.
Taenioglossa (n. pl.) An extensive division of gastropod mollusks in which the odontophore is long and narrow, and usually bears seven rows of teeth. It includes a large number of families both marine and fresh-water.
Taglioni (n.) A kind of outer coat, or overcoat; -- said to be so named after a celebrated Italian family of professional dancers.
Talapoin (n.) A small African monkey (Cercopithecus, / Miopithecus, talapoin) -- called also melarhine.
Talipot (n.) A beautiful tropical palm tree (Corypha umbraculifera), a native of Ceylon and the Malabar coast. It has a trunk sixty or seventy feet high, bearing a crown of gigantic fan-shaped leaves which are used as umbrellas and as fans in ceremonial processions, and, when cut into strips, as a substitute for writing paper.
Tamanoir (n.) The ant-bear.
Tattoo (n.) An indelible mark or figure made by puncturing the skin and introducing some pigment into the punctures; -- a mode of ornamentation practiced by various barbarous races, both in ancient and modern times, and also by some among civilized nations, especially by sailors.
Tallboy (n.) A kind of long-stemmed wineglass or cup.
Tallboy (n.) A piece of household furniture common in the eighteenth century, usually in two separate parts, with larger drawers above and smaller ones below and raised on legs fifteen inches or more in height; -- called also highboy.
Tallboy (n.) A long sheet-metal pipe for a chimney top.
Teaspoonful (n.) As much as teaspoon will hold; enough to fill a teaspoon; -- usually reckoned at a fluid dram or one quarter of a tablespoonful.
Tenuious (a.) Rare or subtile; tenuous; -- opposed to dense.
Tephroite (n.) A silicate of manganese of an ash-gray color.
Tephrosia (n.) A genus of leguminous shrubby plants and herbs, mostly found in tropical countries, a few herbaceous species being North American. The foliage is often ashy-pubescent, whence the name.
Teredo (n.) A genus of long, slender, wormlike bivalve mollusks which bore into submerged wood, such as the piles of wharves, bottoms of ships, etc.; -- called also shipworm. See Shipworm. See Illust. in App.
Thermostat (n.) A self-acting apparatus for regulating temperature by the unequal expansion of different metals, liquids, or gases by heat, as in opening or closing the damper of a stove, or the like, as the heat becomes greater or less than is desired.
Thermosystaltic (a.) Influenced in its contraction by heat or cold; -- said of a muscle.
Thialol (n.) A colorless oily liquid, (C2H5)2S2, having a strong garlic odor; -- called also ethyl disulphide. By extension, any one of the series of related compounds.
Thiotolene (n.) A colorless oily liquid, C4H3S.CH3, analogous to, and resembling, toluene; -- called also methyl thiophene.
Thomsonianism (n.) An empirical system which assumes that the human body is composed of four elements, earth, air, fire, and water, and that vegetable medicines alone should be used; -- from the founder, Dr. Samuel Thomson, of Massachusetts.
Thallophyta (n. pl.) A phylum of plants of very diverse habit and structure, including the algae, fungi, and lichens. The simpler forms, as many blue-green algae, yeasts, etc., are unicellular and reproduce vegetatively or by means of asexual spores; in the higher forms the plant body is a thallus, which may be filamentous or may consist of plates of cells; it is commonly undifferentiated into stem, leaves, and roots, and shows no distinct tissue systems; the fronds of many algae, however, are>
Thermoanaesthesia (n.) Alt. of -anesthesia
Thermophilic (a.) Heat-loving; -- applied esp. to certain bacteria.
Thermostable (a.) Capable of being heated to or somewhat above 55? C. without loss of special properties; -- said of immune substances, etc.
Thermotank (n.) A tank containing pipes through which circulates steam, water, air, or the like, for heating or cooling; -- used in some heating and ventilation systems.
Tortuous (a.) Oblique; -- applied to the six signs of the zodiac (from Capricorn to Gemini) which ascend most rapidly and obliquely.
Tolstoian (a.) Of or pertaining to Tolstoy (1828-1910).
Transom (n.) One of the principal transverse timbers of the stern, bolted to the sternpost and giving shape to the stern structure; -- called also transsummer.
Transom (n.) The vane of a cross-staff.
Trapdoor (n.) A door in a level for regulating the ventilating current; -- called also weather door.
Traphole (n.) See Trou-de-loup.
Triatomic (a.) Having three atoms; -- said of certain elements or radicals.
Trichomanes (n.) Any fern of the genus Trichomanes. The fronds are very delicate and often translucent, and the sporangia are borne on threadlike receptacles rising from the middle of cup-shaped marginal involucres. Several species are common in conservatories; two are native in the United States.
Trichomatose (a.) Affected with a disease which causes agglutination and matting together; -- said of the hair when affected with plica. See Plica, 1.
Trichotomous (a.) Divided into three parts, or into threes; three-forked; as, a trichotomous stem.
Triflorous (a.) Three-flowered; having or bearing three flowers; as, a triflorous peduncle.
Trochoid (a.) Admitting of rotation on an axis; -- sometimes applied to a pivot joint like that between the atlas and axis in the vertebral column.
Trochoid (a.) Top-shaped; having a flat base and conical spire; -- said of certain shells.
Tryptone (n.) The peptone formed by pancreatic digestion; -- so called because it is formed through the agency of the ferment trypsin.
Tubipora (n.) A genus of halcyonoids in which the skeleton, or coral (called organ-pipe coral), consists of a mass of parallel cylindrical tubes united at intervals by transverse plates. These corals are usually red or purple and form large masses. They are natives of the tropical parts of the Indian and Pacific Oceans.
Tulipomania (n.) A violent passion for the acquisition or cultivation of tulips; -- a word said by Beckman to have been coined by Menage.
Turnsole (a.) A plant of the genus Heliotropium; heliotrope; -- so named because its flowers are supposed to turn toward the sun.
Tuxedo (n.) A kind of black coat for evening dress made without skirts; -- so named after a fashionable country club at Tuxedo Park, New York.
Ultimo () In the month immediately preceding the present; as, on the 1st ultimo; -- usually abbreviated to ult. Cf. Proximo.
Umhofo (n.) An African two-horned rhinoceros (Atelodus, / Rhinoceros, simus); -- called also chukuru, and white rhinoceros.
Unbegotten (a.) Not begot; not yet generated; also, having never been generated; self-existent; eternal.
Unbosom (v. t.) To disclose freely; to reveal in confidence, as secrets; to confess; -- often used reflexively; as, to unbosom one's self.
Vaginopennous (a.) Having elytra; sheath-winged.
Vanadous (a.) Of or pertaining to vanadium; obtained from vanadium; -- said of an acid containing one equivalent of vanadium and two of oxygen.
Varicose (a.) Intended for the treatment of varicose veins; -- said of elastic stockings, bandages. and the like.
Viceroy (prep.) A large and handsome American butterfly (Basilarchia, / Limenitis, archippus). Its wings are orange-red, with black Vigoroso (a. & adv.) Vigorous; energetic; with energy; -- a direction to perform a passage with energy and force.
Viperoides (n. pl.) A division of serpents which includes the true vipers of the Old World and the rattlesnakes and moccasin snakes of America; -- called also Viperina.
Virtuous (a.) Chaste; pure; -- applied especially to women.
Vitriol (n.) Sulphuric acid; -- called also oil of vitriol. So called because first made by the distillation of green vitriol. See Sulphuric acid, under Sulphuric.
Volador (n.) A flying fish of California (Exoc/tus Californicus): -- called also volator.
Waahoo (n.) The burning bush; -- said to be called after a quack medicine made from it.
Wapatoo (n.) The edible tuber of a species of arrowhead (Sagittaria variabilis); -- so called by the Indians of Oregon.
Washboard (n.) A broad, thin plank, fixed along the gunwale of boat to keep the sea from breaking inboard; also, a plank on the sill of a lower deck port, for the same purpose; -- called also wasteboard.
Webfoot (n.) Any web-footed bird.
Whereof (adv.) Of which; of whom; formerly, also, with which; -- used relatively.
Whereof (adv.) Of what; -- used interrogatively.
Whereon (adv.) On which; -- used relatively; as, the earth whereon we live.
Whereon (adv.) On what; -- used interrogatively; as, whereon do we stand?
Whipcord (n.) A kind of hard-twisted or braided cord, sometimes used for making whiplashes.
Whitmonday (n.) The day following Whitsunday; -- called also Whitsun Monday.
Widgeon (n.) Any one of several species of fresh-water ducks, especially those belonging to the subgenus Mareca, of the genus Anas. The common European widgeon (Anas penelope) and the American widgeon (A. Americana) are the most important species. The latter is called also baldhead, baldpate, baldface, baldcrown, smoking duck, wheat, duck, and whitebelly.
Windhover (n.) The kestrel; -- called also windbibber, windcuffer, windfanner.
Wireworm (n.) One of the larvae of various species of snapping beetles, or elaters; -- so called from their slenderness and the uncommon hardness of the integument. Wireworms are sometimes very destructive to the roots of plants. Called also wire grub.
Wishbone (n.) The forked bone in front of the breastbone in birds; -- called also merrythought, and wishing bone. See Merrythought, and Furculum.
Woodcock (n.) Any one of several species of long-billed limicoXanthoma (n.) A skin disease marked by the development or irregular yellowish patches upon the skin, especially upon the eyelids; -- called also xanthelasma.
Xanthophyll (n.) A yellow coloring matter found in yellow autumn leaves, and also produced artificially from chlorophyll; -- formerly called also phylloxanthin.
Xanthoprotein (n.) A yellow acid substance formed by the action of hot nitric acid on albuminous or proteid matter. It is changed to a deep orange-yellow color by the addition of ammonia.
Xanthose (n.) An orange-yellow substance found in pigment spots of certain crabs.
Xylitone (n.) A yellow oil having a geraniumlike odor, produced as a side product in making phorone; -- called also xylite oil.
Ypsiloid (a.) In the form of the letter Y; Y-shaped.
Zoophorous (n.) The part between the architrave and cornice; the frieze; -- so called from the figures of animals carved upon it.
Zumbooruk (n.) A small cannon supported by a swiveled rest on the back of a camel, whence it is fired, -- used in the East.
Zygomorphous (a.) Symmetrical bilaterally; -- said of organisms, or parts of organisms, capable of division into two symmetrical halves only in a single plane.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken
, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".