Words whose 6th letter is Y
Acronychal (a.) Rising at sunset and setting at sunrise, as a star; -- opposed to cosmical.
Anaglyphical (a.) Pertaining to the art of chasing or embossing in relief; anaglyptic; -- opposed to diaglyptic or sunk work.
Anaglyptography (n.) The art of copying works in relief, or of engraving as to give the subject an embossed or raised appearance; -- used in representing coins, bas-reliefs, etc.
Ambury (n.) A disease of the roots of turnips, etc.; -- called also fingers and toes.
Antonym (n.) A word of opposite meaning; a counterterm; -- used as a correlative of synonym.
Apathy (n.) Want of feeling; privation of passion, emotion, or excitement; dispassion; -- applied either to the body or the mind. As applied to the mind, it is a calmness, indolence, or state of indifference, incapable of being ruffled or roused to active interest or exertion by pleasure, pain, or passion.
Apocrypha (n. pl.) Something, as a writing, that is of doubtful authorship or authority; -- formerly used also adjectively.
Apollyon (n.) The Destroyer; -- a name used (Rev. ix. 11) for the angel of the bottomless pit, answering to the Hebrew Abaddon.
Apophyge (n.) The small hollow curvature given to the top or bottom of the shaft of a column where it expands to meet the edge of the fillet; -- called also the scape.
Aurocyanide (n.) A double cyanide of gold and some other metal or radical; -- called also cyanaurate.
Autohypnotic (a.) Pert. to autohypnotism; self-hypnotizing.
Autodynamic (a.) Supplying its own power; -- applied to an instrument of the nature of a water-ram.
Bailey (n.) A prison or court of justice; -- used in certain proper names; as, the Old Bailey in London; the New Bailey in Manchester.
Betray (v. t.) To show or to indicate; -- said of what is not obvious at first, or would otherwise be concealed.
Blolly (n.) A shrub or small tree of southern Florida and the West Indies (Pisonia obtusata) with smooth oval leaves and a hard, 10-ribbed fruit.
Blolly (n.) A shrub or small tree of southern Florida and the West Indies (Pisonia obtusata) with smooth oval leaves and a hard, 10-ribbed fruit.
Blenny (n.) A marine fish of the genus Blennius or family Blenniidae; -- so called from its coating of mucus. The species are numerous.
Bloody (a.) Infamous; contemptible; -- variously used for mere emphasis or as a low epithet.
Blowzy (a.) Coarse and ruddy-faced; fat and ruddy; high colored; frowzy.
Bostryx (n.) A form of cymose inflorescence with all the flowers on one side of the rachis, usually causing it to curl; -- called also a uniparous helicoid cyme.
Brachycephalous (a.) Having the skull short in proportion to its breadth; shortheaded; -- in distinction from dolichocephalic.
Brachyura (n. pl.) A group of decapod Crustacea, including the common crabs, characterized by a small and short abdomen, which is bent up beneath the large cephalo-thorax. [Also spelt Brachyoura.] See Crab, and Illustration in Appendix.
Catchy (a.) Tending to catch or insnare; entangling; -- usually used fig.; as, a catchy question.
Calotype (n.) A method of taking photographic pictures, on paper sensitized with iodide of silver; -- also called Talbotype, from the inventor, Mr. Fox. Talbot.
Carboy (n.) A large, globular glass bottle, esp. one of green glass, inclosed in basket work or in a box, for protection; -- used commonly for carrying corrosive liquids; as sulphuric acid, etc.
Cathay (n.) China; -- an old name for the Celestial Empire, said have been introduced by Marco Polo and to be a corruption of the Tartar name for North China (Khitai, the country of the Khitans.)
Chatoyant (n.) A hard stone, as the cat's-eye, which presents on a polished surface, and in the interior, an undulating or wary light.
Checky (a.) Divided into small alternating squares of two tinctures; -- said of the field or of an armorial bearing.
Cheeky () a Brazen-faced; impudent; bold.
Cherry (n.) The common garden cherry (Prunus Cerasus), of which several hundred varieties are cultivated for the fruit, some of which are, the begarreau, blackheart, black Tartarian, oxheart, morelle or morello, May-duke (corrupted from Medoc in France).
Chicky (n.) A chicken; -- used as a diminutive or pet name, especially in calling fowls.
Chippy (n.) A small American sparrow (Spizella socialis), very common near dwelling; -- also called chipping bird and chipping sparrow, from its simple note.
Chlamydate (a.) Having a mantle; -- applied to certain gastropods.
Claggy (a.) Adhesive; -- said of a roof in a mine to which coal clings.
Cloudy (n.) Indicating gloom, anxiety, sullenness, or ill-nature; not open or cheerful.
Clumsy (superl.) Without skill or grace; wanting dexterity, nimbleness, or readiness; stiff; awkward, as if benumbed; unwieldy; unhandy; hence; ill-made, misshapen, or inappropriate; as, a clumsy person; a clumsy workman; clumsy fingers; a clumsy gesture; a clumsy excuse.
Comedy (n.) A dramatic composition, or representation of a bright and amusing character, based upon the foibles of individuals, the manners of society, or the ludicrous events or accidents of life; a play in which mirth predominates and the termination of the plot is happy; -- opposed to tragedy.
Comely (superl.) Pleasing or agreeable to the sight; well-proportioned; good-looking; handsome.
Comply (v. i.) To yield assent; to accord; agree, or acquiesce; to adapt one's self; to consent or conform; -- usually followed by with.
Conveyor (n.) A contrivance for carrying objects from place to place; esp., one for conveying grain, coal, etc., -- as a spiral or screw turning in a pipe or trough, an endless belt with buckets, or a truck running along a rope.
County (n.) A circuit or particular portion of a state or kingdom, separated from the rest of the territory, for certain purposes in the administration of justice and public affairs; -- called also a shire. See Shire.
Dainty (superl.) Nice; delicate; elegant, in form, manner, or breeding; well-formed; neat; tender.
Dayfly (n.) A neuropterous insect of the genus Ephemera and related genera, of many species, and inhabiting fresh water in the larval state; the ephemeral fly; -- so called because it commonly lives but one day in the winged or adult state. See Ephemeral fly, under Ephemeral.
Deploy (v. t. & i.) To open out; to unfold; to spread out (a body of troops) in such a way that they shall display a wider front and less depth; -- the reverse of ploy; as, to deploy a column of troops into Diaglyphtic (a.) Represented or formed by depressions in the general surface; as, diaglyphic sculpture or engraving; -- opposed to anaglyphic.
Dickey () Any small bird; -- called also dickey bird.
Dickey () A seat for the driver; -- called also dickey box.
Dibutyl (n.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C8H18, of the marsh-gas series, being one of several octanes, and consisting of two butyl radicals. Cf. Octane.
Dimity (n.) A cotton fabric employed for hangings and furniture coverings, and formerly used for women's under-garments. It is of many patterns, both plain and twilled, and occasionally is printed in colors.
Drosky (n.) A low, four-wheeled, open carriage, used in Russia, consisting of a kind of long, narrow bench, on which the passengers ride as on a saddle, with their feet reaching nearly to the ground. Other kinds of vehicles are now so called, esp. a kind of victoria drawn by one or two horses, and used as a public carriage in German cities.
Effigy (n.) The image, likeness, or representation of a person, whether a full figure, or a part; an imitative figure; -- commonly applied to sculptured likenesses, as those on monuments, or to those of the heads of princes on coins and medals, sometimes applied to portraits.
Employ (v. t.) To use; to have in service; to cause to be engaged in doing something; -- often followed by in, about, on, or upon, and sometimes by to; as: (a) To make use of, as an instrument, a means, a material, etc., for a specific purpose; to apply; as, to employ the pen in writing, bricks in building, words and phrases in speaking; to employ the mind; to employ one's energies.
Energy (n.) Strength of expression; force of utterance; power to impress the mind and arouse the feelings; life; spirit; -- said of speech, language, words, style; as, a style full of energy.
Epistyle (n.) A massive piece of stone or wood laid immediately on the abacus of the capital of a column or pillar; -- now called architrave.
Ethenyl (n.) A univalent hydrocarbon radical of the ethylene series, CH2:CH; -- called also vinyl. See Vinyl.
Eucalyn (n.) An unfermentable sugar, obtained as an uncrystallizable sirup by the decomposition of melitose; also obtained from a Tasmanian eucalyptus, -- whence its name.
Eunomy (n.) Equal law, or a well-adjusted constitution of government.
Fleury (a.) Finished at the ends with fleurs-de-lis; -- said esp. of a cross so decorated.
Frosty (a.) Appearing as if covered with hoarfrost; white; gray-haired; as, a frosty head.
Frowey (a.) Working smoothly, or without splitting; -- said of timber.
Galley (n.) A large vessel for war and national purposes; -- common in the Middle Ages, and down to the 17th century.
Galley (n.) One of the small boats carried by a man-of-war.
Galley (n.) The cookroom or kitchen and cooking apparatus of a vessel; -- sometimes on merchant vessels called the caboose.
Gayety (a.) The state of being gay; merriment; mirth; acts or entertainments prompted by, or inspiring, merry delight; -- used often in the plural; as, the gayeties of the season.
Gladeye (n.) The European yellow-hammer.
Glassy (a.) Dull; wanting life or fire; lackluster; -- said of the eyes.
Greedy (superl.) Having a keen appetite for food or drink; ravenous; voracious; very hungry; -- followed by of; as, a lion that is greedy of his prey.
Groggy (a.) Weakened in a fight so as to stagger; -- said of pugilists.
Groggy (a.) Moving in a hobbling manner, owing to ten der feet; -- said of a horse.
Guilty (superl.) Having incurred guilt; criminal; morally delinquent; wicked; chargeable with, or responsible for, something censurable; justly exposed to penalty; -- used with of, and usually followed by the crime, sometimes by the punishment.
Hearty (n.) Comrade; boon companion; good fellow; -- a term of familiar address and fellowship among sailors.
Heresy (n.) An opinion held in opposition to the established or commonly received doctrine, and tending to promote a division or party, as in politics, literature, philosophy, etc.; -- usually, but not necessarily, said in reproach.
Homely (n.) Of plain or coarse features; uncomely; -- contrary to handsome.
Homelyn (n.) The European sand ray (Raia maculata); -- called also home, mirror ray, and rough ray.
Homonymous (a.) Having the same name or designation; standing in the same relation; -- opposed to heteronymous.
Hyostylic (a.) Having the mandible suspended by the hyomandibular, or upper part of the hyoid arch, as in fishes, instead of directly articulated with the skull as in mammals; -- said of the skull.
Hypogynous (a.) Inserted below the pistil or pistils; -- said of sepals, petals, and stamens; having the sepals, petals, and stamens inserted below the pistil; -- said of a flower or a plant.
Ichthyoidal (a.) Somewhat like a fish; having some of the characteristics of fishes; -- said of some amphibians.
Ichthyolatry (n.) Worship of fishes, or of fish-shaped idols.
Ichthyomorphous (a.) Fish-shaped; as, the ichthyomorphic idols of ancient Assyria.
Ichthyosauria (n. pl.) An extinct order of marine reptiles, including Ichthyosaurus and allied forms; -- called also Ichthyopterygia. They have not been found later than the Cretaceous period.
Ichthyosaurus (n.) An extinct genus of marine reptiles; -- so named from their short, biconcave vertebrae, resembling those of fishes. Several species, varying in length from ten to thirty feet, are known from the Liassic, Oolitic, and Cretaceous formations.
Ichthyosis (n.) A disease in which the skin is thick, rough, and scaly; -- called also fishskin.
Lachrymatory (n.) A "tear-bottle;" a narrow-necked vessel found in sepulchers of the ancient Romans; -- so called from a former notion that the tears of the deceased person's friends were collected in it. Called also lachrymal or lacrymal.
Lachrymiform (a.) Having the form of a tear; tear-shaped.
Leachy (a.) Permitting liquids to pass by percolation; not capable of retaining water; porous; pervious; -- said of gravelly or sandy soils, and the like.
Leap year () Bissextile; a year containing 366 days; every fourth year which leaps over a day more than a common year, giving to February twenty-nine days. See Bissextile.
Legacy (n.) A business with which one is intrusted by another; a commission; -- obsolete, except in the phrases last legacy, dying legacy, and the like.
Lenity (n.) The state or quality of being lenient; mildness of temper or disposition; gentleness of treatment; softness; tenderness; clemency; -- opposed to severity and rigor.
Levity (n.) The quality of weighing less than something else of equal bulk; relative lightness, especially as shown by rising through, or floating upon, a contiguous substance; buoyancy; -- opposed to gravity.
Likely (a.) Having probability; having or giving reason to expect; -- followed by the infinitive; as, it is likely to rain.
Likely (a.) Such as suits; good-looking; pleasing; agreeable; handsome.
Linsey (n.) Linsey-woolsey.
Livery (n.) The peculiar dress by which the servants of a nobleman or gentleman are distinguished; as, a claret-colored livery.
Lowboy (n.) A chest of drawers not more than four feet high; -- applied commonly to the lower half of a tallboy from which the upper half has been removed.
Logotype (n.) A single type, containing two or more letters; as, ae, Ae, /, /, /, etc. ; -- called also ligature.
Lovely (superl.) Very pleasing; -- applied loosely to almost anything which is not grand or merely pretty; as, a lovely view; a lovely valley; a lovely melody.
Lunacy (n.) Insanity or madness; properly, the kind of insanity which is broken by intervals of reason, -- formerly supposed to be influenced by the changes of the moon; any form of unsoundness of mind, except idiocy; mental derangement or alienation.
Malady (n.) Any disease of the human body; a distemper, disorder, or indisposition, proceeding from impaired, defective, or morbid organic functions; especially, a lingering or deep-seated disorder.
Margay (n.) An American wild cat (Felis tigrina), ranging from Mexico to Brazil. It is spotted with black. Called also long-tailed cat.
Measly (a.) Containing larval tapeworms; -- said of pork and beef.
Medley (n.) A mixture; a mingled and confused mass of ingredients, usually inharmonious; a jumble; a hodgepodge; -- often used contemptuously.
Mesotype (n.) An old term covering natrolite or soda mesolite, scolecite or lime mesotype, and mesolite or lime-soda mesotype.
Miargyrite (n.) A mineral of an iron-black color, and very sectile, consisting principally of sulphur, antimony, and silver.
Morgay (n.) The European small-spotted dogfish, or houndfish. See the Note under Houndfish.
Motley (a.) Variegated in color; consisting of different colors; dappled; party-colored; as, a motley coat.
Motley (a.) Wearing motley or party-colored clothing. See Motley, n., 1.
Motley (n.) A combination of distinct colors; esp., the party-colored cloth, or clothing, worn by the professional fool.
Myricyl (n.) A hypothetical radical regarded as the essential residue of myricin; -- called also melissyl.
Namely (adv.) That is to say; to wit; videlicet; -- introducing a particular or specific designation.
Nebuly (a.) Composed of successive short curves supposed to resemble a cloud; -- said of a heraldic Neophyte (n.) A new convert or proselyte; -- a name given by the early Christians, and still given by the Roman Catholics, to such as have recently embraced the Christian faith, and been admitted to baptism, esp. to converts from heathenism or Judaism.
Ninety (a.) Nine times ten; eighty-nine and one more; as, ninety men.
Ninety (n.) The sum of nine times ten; the number greater by a unit than eighty-nine; ninety units or objects.
Norroy (n.) The most northern of the English Kings-at-arms. See King-at-arms, under King.
Nudity (n.) That which is nude or naked; naked part; undraped or unclothed portion; esp. (Fine Arts), the human figure represented unclothed; any representation of nakedness; -- chiefly used in the plural and in a bad sense.
Owelty (n.) Equality; -- sometimes written ovelty and ovealty.
Papacy (n.) The Roman Catholic religion; -- commonly used by the opponents of the Roman Catholics in disparagement or in an opprobrious sense.
Paronymous (a.) Having the same derivation; allied radically; conjugate; -- said of certain words, as man, mankind, manhood, etc.
Paronymous (a.) Having a similar sound, but different orthography and different meaning; -- said of certain words, as al/ and awl; hair and hare, etc.
Perigynium (n.) Some unusual appendage about the pistil, as the bottle-shaped body in the sedges, and the bristles or scales in some other genera of the Sedge family, or Cyperaceae.
Perigynous (a.) Having the ovary free, but the petals and stamens borne on the calyx; -- said of flower such as that of the cherry or peach.
Piracy (n.) Robbery on the high seas; the taking of property from others on the open sea by open violence; without lawful authority, and with intent to steal; -- a crime answering to robbery on land.
Pitchy (a.) Black; pitch-dark; dismal.
Poachy (a.) Wet and soft; easily penetrated by the feet of cattle; -- said of land
Polysyllable (n.) A word of many syllables, or consisting of more syllables than three; -- words of less than four syllables being called monosyllables, dissyllables, and trisyllables.
Popery (n.) The religion of the Roman Catholic Church, comprehending doctrines and practices; -- generally used in an opprobrious sense.
Porphyritic (a.) Relating to, or resembling, porphyry, that is, characterized by the presence of distinct crystals, as of feldspar, quartz, or augite, in a relatively fine-grained base, often aphanitic or cryptocrystalPorphyry (n.) A term used somewhat loosely to designate a rock consisting of a fine-grained base (usually feldspathic) through which crystals, as of feldspar or quartz, are disseminated. There are red, purple, and green varieties, which are highly esteemed as marbles.
Presbyter (n.) One ordained to the second order in the ministry; -- called also priest.
Pretty (superl.) Affectedly nice; foppish; -- used in an ill sense.
Pretty (superl.) Mean; despicable; contemptible; -- used ironically; as, a pretty trick; a pretty fellow.
Pretty (adv.) In some degree; moderately; considerably; rather; almost; -- less emphatic than very; as, I am pretty sure of the fact; pretty cold weather.
Priory (n.) A religious house presided over by a prior or prioress; -- sometimes an offshoot of, an subordinate to, an abbey, and called also cell, and obedience. See Cell, 2.
Purvey (v. i.) To pander; -- with to.
Pyroxylic (a.) Derived from wood by distillation; -- formerly used in designating crude wood spirit.
Pyroxylin (n.) A substance resembling gun cotton in composition and properties, but distinct in that it is more highly nitrified and is soluble in alcohol, ether, etc.; -- called also pyroxyle.
Quinsy (n.) An inflammation of the throat, or parts adjacent, especially of the fauces or tonsils, attended by considerable swelling, painful and impeded deglutition, and accompanied by inflammatory fever. It sometimes creates danger of suffocation; -- called also squinancy, and squinzey.
Rarefy (v. t.) To make rare, thin, porous, or less dense; to expand or enlarge without adding any new portion of matter to; -- opposed to condense.
Realty (n.) Immobility, or the fixed, permanent nature of real property; as, chattels which savor of the realty; -- so written in legal language for reality.
Reasty (a.) Rusty and rancid; -- applied to salt meat.
Remedy (n.) That which relieves or cures a disease; any medicine or application which puts an end to disease and restores health; -- with for; as, a remedy for the gout.
Remedy (n.) That which corrects or counteracts an evil of any kind; a corrective; a counteractive; reparation; cure; -- followed by for or against, formerly by to.
Savory (n.) An aromatic labiate plant (Satureia hortensis), much used in cooking; -- also called summer savory.
Shanny (n.) The European smooth blenny (Blennius pholis). It is olive-green with irregular black spots, and without appendages on the head.
Sherry (n.) A Spanish light-colored dry wine, made in Andalusia. As prepared for commerce it is colored a straw color or a deep amber by mixing with it cheap wine boiled down.
Sickly (v. t.) To make sick or sickly; -- with over, and probably only in the past participle.
Singly (adv.) Without partners, companions, or associates; single-handed; as, to attack another singly.
Slushy (a.) Abounding in slush; characterized by soft mud or half-melted snow; as, the streets are slushy; the snow is slushy.
Snaggy (a.) Snappish; cross; ill-tempered.
Snithy (a.) Sharp; piercing; cutting; -- applied to the wind.
Sperrylite (n.) An arsenide of platinum occuring in grains and minute isometric crystals of tin-white color. It is found near Sudbury, Ontario Canada, and is the only known compound of platinum occuring in nature.
Steelyard (n.) A form of balance in which the body to be weighed is suspended from the shorter arm of a lever, which turns on a fulcrum, and a counterpoise is caused to slide upon the longer arm to produce equilibrium, its place upon this arm (which is notched or graduated) indicating the weight; a Roman balance; -- very commonly used also in the plural form, steelyards.
Stuffy (a.) Ill-ventilated; close.
Sunday (n.) The first day of the week, -- consecrated among Christians to rest from secular employments, and to religious worship; the Christian Sabbath; the Lord's Day.
Supply (v. t.) To fill up, or keep full; to furnish with what is wanted; to afford, or furnish with, a sufficiency; as, rivers are supplied by smaller streams; an aqueduct supplies an artificial lake; -- often followed by with before the thing furnished; as, to supply a furnace with fuel; to supply soldiers with ammunition.
Supply (n.) The food, and the like, which meets the daily necessities of an army or other large body of men; store; -- used chiefly in the plural; as, the army was discontented for lack of supplies.
Surrey (n.) A four-wheeled pleasure carriage, (commonly two-seated) somewhat like a phaeton, but having a straight bottom.
Synonym (n.) An incorrect or incorrectly applied scientific name, as a new name applied to a species or genus already properly named, or a specific name preoccupied by that of another species of the same genus; -- so used in the system of nomenclature (which see) in which the correct scientific names of certain natural groups (usually genera, species, and subspecies) are regarded as determined by priority.
Symphyseotomy (n.) The operation of dividing the symphysis pubis for the purpose of facilitating labor; -- formerly called the Sigualtian section.
Syzygy (n.) The point of an orbit, as of the moon or a planet, at which it is in conjunction or opposition; -- commonly used in the plural.
Thirty (a.) Being three times ten; consisting of one more than twenty-nine; twenty and ten; as, the month of June consists of thirty days.
Trachycarpous (a.) Rough-fruited.
Trachyspermous (a.) Rough-seeded.
Trachystomata (n. pl.) An order of tailed aquatic amphibians, including Siren and Pseudobranchus. They have anterior legs only, are eel-like in form, and have no teeth except a small patch on the palate. The external gills are persistent through life.
Trachytoid (a.) Resembling trachyte; -- used to define the structure of certain rocks.
Trionychoidea (n. pl.) A division of chelonians which comprises Trionyx and allied genera; -- called also Trionychoides, and Trionychina.
Trionyx (n.) A genus of fresh-water or river turtles which have the shell imperfectly developed and covered with a soft leathery skin. They are noted for their agility and rapacity. Called also soft tortoise, soft-shell tortoise, and mud turtle.
Triphylite (n.) A mineral of a grayish-green or bluish color, consisting of the phosphates of iron, manganese, and lithia.
Triphyllous (a.) Having three leaves; three-leaved.
Twilly (n.) A machine for cleansing or loosening wool by the action of a revolving cylinder covered with long iron spikes or teeth; a willy or willying machine; -- called also twilly devil, and devil. See Devil, n., 6, and Willy.
Unbody (v. i.) To leave the body; to be disembodied; -- said of the soul or spirit.
Valerylene (n.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C5H8; -- called also pentine.
Verdoy (a.) Charged with leaves, fruits, flowers, etc.; -- said of a border.
Vestry (n.) A room appendant to a church, in which sacerdotal vestments and sacred utensils are sometimes kept, and where meetings for worship or parish business are held; a sacristy; -- formerly called revestiary.
Vestry (n.) A parochial assembly; an assembly of persons who manage parochial affairs; -- so called because usually held in a vestry.
Whally (a.) Having the iris of light color; -- said of horses.
Wherry (n.) A passenger barge or lighter plying on rivers; also, a kind of light, half-decked vessel used in fishing.
Wherry (n.) A liquor made from the pulp of crab apples after the verjuice is expressed; -- sometimes called crab wherry.
Whisky (n.) A light carriage built for rapid motion; -- called also tim-whiskey.
Wieldy (a.) Capable of being wielded; manageable; wieldable; -- opposed to unwieldy.
Wincey (n.) Linsey-woolsey.
Worthy (n.) Having suitable, adapted, or equivalent qualities or value; -- usually with of before the thing compared or the object; more rarely, with a following infinitive instead of of, or with that; as, worthy of, equal in excellence, value, or dignity to; entitled to; meriting; -- usually in a good sense, but sometimes in a bad one.
Worthy (n.) A man of eminent worth or value; one distinguished for useful and estimable qualities; a person of conspicuous desert; -- much used in the plural; as, the worthies of the church; political worthies; military worthies.
Xylopyrography (n.) The art or practice of burning pictures on wood with a hot iron; -- called also poker painting. See Poker picture, under Poker.
Yowley (n.) The European yellow-hammer.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken
, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".