Words whose 7th letter is T
Abdicate (v. t.) To renounce; to relinquish; -- said of authority, a trust, duty, right, etc.
Abreast (adv.) Side by side; also, opposite; over against; on a Abrogate (v. t.) To annul by an authoritative act; to abolish by the authority of the maker or his successor; to repeal; -- applied to the repeal of laws, decrees, ordinances, the abolition of customs, etc.
Absolute (a.) Viewed apart from modifying influences or without comparison with other objects; actual; real; -- opposed to relative and comparative; as, absolute motion; absolute time or space.
Absolute (a.) Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other being; self-existent; self-sufficing.
Absolute (a.) Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone; unconditioned; non-relative.
Absolution (n.) An absolving from ecclesiastical penalties, -- for example, excommunication.
Abstentious (a.) Characterized by abstinence; self-restraining.
Account (v. t.) To place to one's account; to put to the credit of; to assign; -- with to.
Account (v. i.) To render an account; to answer in judgment; -- with for; as, we must account for the use of our opportunities.
Account (v. i.) To give a satisfactory reason; to tell the cause of; to explain; -- with for; as, idleness accounts for poverty.
Accurst (p. p. & a.) Doomed to destruction or misery; cursed; hence, bad enough to be under the curse; execrable; detestable; exceedingly hateful; -- as, an accursed deed.
Acropetal (a.) Developing from below towards the apex, or from the circumference towards the center; centripetal; -- said of certain inflorescence.
Affinity (n.) Relationship by marriage (as between a husband and his wife's blood relations, or between a wife and her husband's blood relations); -- in contradistinction to consanguinity, or relationship by blood; -- followed by with, to, or between.
Afflicting (a.) Grievously painful; distressing; afflictive; as, an afflicting event. -- Af*flict"ing*ly, adv.
Affront (n.) An offense to one's self-respect; shame.
Against (prep.) Abreast; opposite to; facing; towards; as, against the mouth of a river; -- in this sense often preceded by over.
Ailment (n.) Indisposition; morbid affection of the body; -- not applied ordinarily to acute diseases.
Alabaster (n.) A box or vessel for holding odoriferous ointments, etc.; -- so called from the stone of which it was originally made.
Albolith (n.) A kind of plastic cement, or artificial stone, consisting chiefly of magnesia and silica; -- called also albolite.
Alicant (n.) A kind of wine, formerly much esteemed; -- said to have been made near Alicant, in Spain.
Alienate (a.) Estranged; withdrawn in affection; foreign; -- with from.
Alienate (v. t.) To withdraw, as the affections; to make indifferent of averse, where love or friendship before subsisted; to estrange; to wean; -- with from.
Allegation (n.) A statement by a party of what he undertakes to prove, -- usually applied to each separate averment; the charge or matter undertaken to be proved.
Allocation (n.) The admission of an item in an account, or an allowance made upon an account; -- a term used in the English exchequer.
Allopathy (n.) That system of medical practice which aims to combat disease by the use of remedies which produce effects different from those produced by the special disease treated; -- a term invented by Hahnemann to designate the ordinary practice, as opposed to homeopathy.
Almightiful (a.) All-powerful; almighty.
Almighty (a.) Unlimited in might; omnipotent; all-powerful; irresistible.
Ambulator (n.) An instrument for measuring distances; -- called also perambulator.
Ampelite (n.) An earth abounding in pyrites, used by the ancients to kill insects, etc., on vines; -- applied by Brongniart to a carbonaceous alum schist.
Amphistylic (a.) Having the mandibular arch articulated with the hyoid arch and the cranium, as in the cestraciont sharks; -- said of a skull.
Ampliation (n.) A postponement of the decision of a cause, for further consideration or re-argument.
Anacanths (n. pl.) A group of teleostean fishes destitute of spiny fin-rays, as the cod.
Anapest (n.) A metrical foot consisting of three syllables, the first two short, or unaccented, the last long, or accented (/ / -); the reverse of the dactyl. In Latin d/-/-tas, and in English in-ter-vene#, are examples of anapests.
Anastate (n.) One of a series of substances formed, in secreting cells, by constructive or anabolic processes, in the production of protoplasm; -- opposed to katastate.
Ancient (a.) Old; that happened or existed in former times, usually at a great distance of time; belonging to times long past; specifically applied to the times before the fall of the Roman empire; -- opposed to modern; as, ancient authors, literature, history; ancient days.
Ancient (a.) Known for a long time, or from early times; -- opposed to recent or new; as, the ancient continent.
Ancipitous (a.) Two-edged instead of round; -- said of certain flattened stems, as those of blue grass, and rarely also of leaves.
Anelectric (a.) Not becoming electrified by friction; -- opposed to idioelectric.
Annotate (v. i.) To make notes or comments; -- with on or upon.
Annotation (n.) A note, added by way of comment, or explanation; -- usually in the plural; as, annotations on ancient authors, or on a word or a passage.
Antidote (n.) A remedy to counteract the effects of poison, or of anything noxious taken into the stomach; -- used with against, for, or to; as, an antidote against, for, or to, poison.
Antipathetical (a.) Having a natural contrariety, or constitutional aversion, to a thing; characterized by antipathy; -- often followed by to.
Aphanite (n.) A very compact, dark-colored /ock, consisting of hornblende, or pyroxene, and feldspar, but neither of them in perceptible grains.
Aphanitic (a.) Resembling aphanite; having a very fine-grained structure.
Aplanatic (a.) Having two or more parts of different curvatures, so combined as to remove spherical aberration; -- said of a lens.
Apodictical (a.) Self-evident; intuitively true; evident beyond contradiction.
Apogeotropic (a.) Bending away from the ground; -- said of leaves, etc.
Apparition (n.) The first appearance of a star or other luminary after having been invisible or obscured; -- opposed to occultation.
Appoint (v. t.) To direct, designate, or limit; to make or direct a new disposition of, by virtue of a power contained in a conveyance; -- said of an estate already conveyed.
Appointment (n.) An allowance to a person, esp. to a public officer; a perquisite; -- properly only in the plural.
Apposite (a.) Very applicable; well adapted; suitable or fit; relevant; pat; -- followed by to; as, this argument is very apposite to the case.
Apprenticeship (n.) The time an apprentice is serving (sometimes seven years, as from the age of fourteen to twenty-one).
Archbutler (n.) A chief butler; -- an officer of the German empire.
Archiater (n.) Chief physician; -- a term applied, on the continent of Europe, to the first or body physician of princes and to the first physician of some cities.
Arietation (n.) The act of butting like a ram; act of using a battering-ram.
Aristotelian (a.) Of or pertaining to Aristotle, the famous Greek philosopher (384-322 b. c.).
Asperity (n.) Roughness of surface; unevenness; -- opposed to smoothness.
Asperity (n.) Moral roughness; roughness of manner; severity; crabbedness; harshness; -- opposed to mildness.
Asphaltum (n.) A composition of bitumen, pitch, lime, and gravel, used for forming pavements, and as a water-proof cement for bridges, roofs, etc.; asphaltic cement. Artificial asphalt is prepared from coal tar, lime, sand, etc.
Astroite (n.) A radiated stone or fossil; star-stone.
Astructive (a.) Building up; constructive; -- opposed to destructive.
Atheistical (a.) Pertaining to, implying, or containing, atheism; -- applied to things; as, atheistic doctrines, opinions, or books.
Atheistical (a.) Disbelieving the existence of a God; impious; godless; -- applied to persons; as, an atheistic writer.
Attaint (v. t.) To find guilty; to convict; -- said esp. of a jury on trial for giving a false verdict.
Attempt (v. i.) To make an attempt; -- with upon.
Audacity (n.) Reckless daring; presumptuous impudence; -- implying a contempt of law or moral restraints.
Authentics (n.) A collection of the Novels or New Constitutions of Justinian, by an anonymous author; -- so called on account of its authenticity.
Autochthon (n.) One who is supposed to rise or spring from the ground or the soil he inhabits; one of the original inhabitants or aborigines; a native; -- commonly in the plural. This title was assumed by the ancient Greeks, particularly the Athenians.
Autolatry (n.) Self-worship.
Automath (n.) One who is self-taught.
Automatical (a.) Pertaining to, or produced by, an automaton; of the nature of an automaton; self-acting or self-regulating under fixed conditions; -- esp. applied to machinery or devices in which certain things formerly or usually done by hand are done by the machine or device itself; as, the automatic feed of a lathe; automatic gas lighting; an automatic engine or switch; an automatic mouse.
Automatism (n.) The state or quality of being automatic; the power of self-moving; automatic, mechanical, or involuntary action. (Metaph.) A theory as to the activity of matter.
Automaton (v. i.) A self-moving machine, or one which has its motive power within itself; -- applied chiefly to machines which appear to imitate spontaneously the motions of living beings, such as men, birds, etc.
Awlwort (n.) A plant (Subularia aquatica), with awl-shaped leaves.
Axiomatical (a.) Of or pertaining to an axiom; having the nature of an axiom; self-evident; characterized by axioms.
Axminster (n.) An Axminster carpet, an imitation Turkey carpet, noted for its thick and soft pile; -- so called from Axminster, Eng.
Backset (v. i.) To plow again, in the fall; -- said of prairie land broken up in the spring.
Baptist (n.) One who administers baptism; -- specifically applied to John, the forerunner of Christ.
Barkentine (n.) A threemasted vessel, having the foremast square-rigged, and the others schooner-rigged. [Spelled also barquentine, barkantine, etc.] See Illust. in Append.
Barometz (n.) The woolly-skinned rhizoma or rootstock of a fern (Dicksonia barometz), which, when specially prepared and inverted, somewhat resembles a lamb; -- called also Scythian lamb.
Bedplate (n.) The foundation framing or piece, by which the other parts are supported and held in place; the bed; -- called also baseplate and soleplate.
Behemoth (n.) An animal, probably the hippopotamus, described in Job xl. 15-24.
Benefiter (n.) One who confers a benefit; -- also, one who receives a benefit.
Bequeath (v. t.) To give or leave by will; to give by testament; -- said especially of personal property.
Bilocation (n.) Double location; the state or power of being in two places at the same instant; -- a miraculous power attributed to some of the saints.
Biquintile (n.) An aspect of the planets when they are distant from each other by twice the fifth part of a great circle -- that is, twice 72 degrees.
Blackstrap (n.) Bad port wine; any common wine of the Mediterranean; -- so called by sailors.
Bloodstone (n.) A green siliceous stone sprinkled with red jasper, as if with blood; hence the name; -- called also heliotrope.
Bluebottle (n.) A plant (Centaurea cyanus) which grows in grain fields. It receives its name from its blue bottle-shaped flowers.
Bobwhite (n.) The common quail of North America (Colinus, or Ortyx, Virginianus); -- so called from its note.
Bogtrotter (n.) One who lives in a boggy country; -- applied in derision to the lowest class of Irish.
Bolometer (n.) An instrument for measuring minute quantities of radiant heat, especially in different parts of the spectrum; -- called also actinic balance, thermic balance.
Bombast (n.) Fig.: High-sounding words; an inflated style; language above the dignity of the occasion; fustian.
Bombast (a.) High-sounding; inflated; big without meaning; magniloquent; bombastic.
Bombastical (a.) Characterized by bombast; high-sounding; inflated.
Bonesetter (n.) One who sets broken or dislocated bones; -- commonly applied to one, not a regular surgeon, who makes an occupation of setting bones.
Bracket (n.) One of two characters , used to inclose a reference, explanation, or note, or a part to be excluded from a sentence, to indicate an interpolation, to rectify a mistake, or to supply an omission, and for certain other purposes; -- called also crotchet.
Brigantine (n.) A two-masted, square-rigged vessel, differing from a brig in that she does not carry a square mainsail.
Brocket (n.) A male red deer two years old; -- sometimes called brock.
Brontotherium (n.) A genus of large extinct mammals from the miocene strata of western North America. They were allied to the rhinoceros, but the skull bears a pair of powerful horn cores in front of the orbits, and the fore feet were four-toed. See Illustration in Appendix.
Bufonite (n.) An old name for a fossil consisting of the petrified teeth and palatal bones of fishes belonging to the family of Pycnodonts (thick teeth), whose remains occur in the oolite and chalk formations; toadstone; -- so named from a notion that it was originally formed in the head of a toad.
Buoyant (v. t. & i.) Light-hearted; vivacious; cheerful; as, a buoyant disposition; buoyant spirits.
Burnettize (v. t.) To subject (wood, fabrics, etc.) to a process of saturation in a solution of chloride of zinc, to prevent decay; -- a process invented by Sir William Burnett.
Cabaret (n.) a type of restaurant where liquor and dinner is served, and entertainment is provided, as by musicians, dancers, or comedians, and providing space for dancing by the patrons; -- similar to a nightclub. The term cabaret is often used in the names of such an establishment.
Calamity (n.) Any great misfortune or cause of misery; -- generally applied to events or disasters which produce extensive evil, either to communities or individuals.
Capacity (n.) The power of receiving or containing; extent of room or space; passive power; -- used in reference to physical things.
Carinatae (n. pl.) A grand division of birds, including all existing flying birds; -- So called from the carina or keel on the breastbone.
Carucate (n.) A plowland; as much land as one team can plow in a year and a day; -- by some said to be about 100 acres.
Cathartin (n.) The bitter, purgative principle of senna. It is a glucoside with the properties of a weak acid; -- called also cathartic acid, and cathartina.
Catmint (n.) A well-know plant of the genus Nepeta (N. Cataria), somewhat like mint, having a string scent, and sometimes used in medicine. It is so called because cats have a peculiar fondness for it.
Chariot (n.) A two-wheeled car or vehicle for war, racing, state processions, etc.
Chariot (n.) A four-wheeled pleasure or state carriage, having one seat.
Chariotee (n.) A light, covered, four-wheeled pleasure carriage with two seats.
Chromatoscope (n.) A reflecting telescope, part of which is made to rotate eccentrically, so as to produce a ringlike image of a star, instead of a point; -- used in studying the scintillation of the stars.
Chromite (n.) A black submetallic mineral consisting of oxide of chromium and iron; -- called also chromic iron.
Cineritious (a.) Like ashes; having the color of ashes, -- as the cortical substance of the brain.
Cirrostomi (n. pl.) The lowest group of vertebrates; -- so called from the cirri around the mouth; the Leptocardia. See Amphioxus.
Clinanthium (n.) The receptacle of the flowers in a composite plant; -- also called clinium.
Cockpit (n.) The Privy Council room at Westminster; -- so called because built on the site of the cockpit of Whitehall palace.
Coexist (v. i.) To exist at the same time; -- sometimes followed by with.
Coexistence (n.) Existence at the same time with another; -- contemporary existence.
Coaltit (n.) A small European titmouse (Parus ater), so named from its black color; -- called also coalmouse and colemouse.
Collected (a.) Self-possessed; calm; composed.
Collectedness (n.) A collected state of the mind; self-possession.
Combattant (a.) In the position of fighting; -- said of two lions set face to face, each rampant.
Comfortable (a.) Free, or comparatively free, from pain or distress; -- used of a sick person.
Comforter (n.) The Holy Spirit, -- referring to his office of comforting believers.
Comment (v. i.) To make remarks, observations, or criticism; especially, to write notes on the works of an author, with a view to illustrate his meaning, or to explain particular passages; to write annotations; -- often followed by on or upon.
Commentary (v. i.) A brief account of transactions or events written hastily, as if for a memorandum; -- usually in the plural; as, Caesar's Commentaries on the Gallic War.
Compact (p. p. & a) Composed or made; -- with of.
Compact (v. t.) To thrust, drive, or press closely together; to join firmly; to consolidate; to make close; -- as the parts which compose a body.
Compartment (n.) One of the sections into which the hold of a ship is divided by water-tight bulkheads.
Comport (v. i.) To agree; to accord; to suit; -- sometimes followed by with.
Comport (v. t.) To carry; to conduct; -- with a reflexive pronoun.
Concentrate (v. t.) To increase the strength and diminish the bulk of, as of a liquid or an ore; to intensify, by getting rid of useless material; to condense; as, to concentrate acid by evaporation; to concentrate by washing; -- opposed to dilute.
Concertino (n.) A piece for one or more solo instruments with orchestra; -- more concise than the concerto.
Concertmeister (n.) The head violinist or leader of the strings in an orchestra; the sub-leader of the orchestra; concert master.
Concrete (a.) Standing for an object as it exists in nature, invested with all its qualities, as distinguished from standing for an attribute of an object; -- opposed to abstract.
Concrete (a.) Applied to a specific object; special; particular; -- opposed to general. See Abstract, 3.
Conduct (n.) To behave; -- with the reflexive; as, he conducted himself well.
Congested (a.) Containing an unnatural accumulation of blood; hyperaemic; -- said of any part of the body.
Connection (n.) A relation; esp. a person connected with another by marriage rather than by blood; -- used in a loose and indefinite, and sometimes a comprehensive, sense.
Consist (v. i.) To be composed or made up; -- followed by of.
Consist (v. i.) To have as its substance or character, or as its foundation; to be; -- followed by in.
Consist (v. i.) To be consistent or harmonious; to be in accordance; -- formerly used absolutely, now followed by with.
Consist (v. i.) To insist; -- followed by on.
Consistorian (a.) Pertaining to a Presbyterian consistory; -- a contemptuous term of 17th century controversy.
Consort (v. i.) To unite or to keep company; to associate; -- used with with.
Constituent (n.) One for whom another acts; especially, one who is represented by another in a legislative assembly; -- correlative to representative.
Contest (v. i.) To engage in contention, or emulation; to contend; to strive; to vie; to emulate; -- followed usually by with.
Contortuplicate (a.) Plaited lengthwise and twisted in addition, as the bud of the morning-glory.
Conventicle (n.) An assembly for religious worship; esp., such an assembly held privately, as in times of persecution, by Nonconformists or Dissenters in England, or by Covenanters in Scotland; -- often used opprobriously, as if those assembled were heretics or schismatics.
Convention (v. i.) A meeting or an assembly of persons, esp. of delegates or representatives, to accomplish some specific object, -- civil, social, political, or ecclesiastical.
Convention (v. i.) An extraordinary assembly of the parkiament or estates of the realm, held without the king's writ, -- as the assembly which restored Charles II. to the throne, and that which declared the throne to be abdicated by James II.
Convertend (n.) Any proposition which is subject to the process of conversion; -- so called in its relation to itself as converted, after which process it is termed the converse. See Converse, n. (Logic).
Coquette (n.) A vain, trifling woman, who endeavors to attract admiration from a desire to gratify vanity; a flirt; -- formerly sometimes applied also to men.
Coronated (a.) Having the coronal feathers lengthened or otherwise distinguished; -- said of birds.
Coronated (a.) Girt about the spire with a row of tubercles or spines; -- said of spiral shells.
Correct (v. t.) To counteract the qualities of one thing by those of another; -- said of whatever is wrong or injurious; as, to correct the acidity of the stomach by alkaCorvette (n.) A war vessel, ranking next below a frigate, and having usually only one tier of guns; -- called in the United States navy a sloop of war.
Cottontail (n.) The American wood rabbit (Lepus sylvaticus); -- also called Molly cottontail.
Courant (a.) Represented as running; -- said of a beast borne in a coat of arms.
Creosote (n.) Wood-tar oil; an oily antiseptic liquid, of a burning smoky taste, colorless when pure, but usually colored yellow or brown by impurity or exposure. It is a complex mixture of various phenols and their ethers, and is obtained by the distillation of wood tar, especially that of beechwood.
Crocoite (n.) Lead chromate occuring in crystals of a bright hyacinth red color; -- called also red lead ore.
Croquet (n.) An open-air game in which two or more players endeavor to drive wooden balls, by means of mallets, through a series of hoops or arches set in the ground according to some pattern. Cross (n.) A pipe-fitting with four branches the axes of which usually form's right angle.
Crossette (n.) A return in one of the corners of the architrave of a door or window; -- called also ancon, ear, elbow. Crosslet (a.) Crossed again; -- said of a cross the arms of which are crossed. SeeCross-crosslet.
Cryolite (n.) A fluoride of sodium and aluminum, found in Greenland, in white cleavable masses; -- used as a source of soda and alumina.
Cultrated (a.) Sharp-edged and pointed; shaped like a pruning knife, as the beak of certain birds.
Cumulative (a.) Tending to prove the same point to which other evidence has been offered; -- said of evidence.
Cumulative (a.) Given by same testator to the same legatee; -- said of a legacy.
Currant (n.) A small kind of seedless raisin, imported from the Levant, chiefly from Zante and Cephalonia; -- used in cookery.
Darbyite (n.) One of the Plymouth Brethren, or of a sect among them; -- so called from John N. Darby, one of the leaders of the Brethren.
Decreation (n.) Destruction; -- opposed to creation.
Dedicatee (n.) One to whom a thing is dedicated; -- correlative to dedicator.
Deletitious (a.) Of such a nature that anything may be erased from it; -- said of paper.
Delicate (a.) Fine or slender; minute; not coarse; -- said of a thread, or the like; as, delicate cotton.
Delicate (a.) Slight or smooth; light and yielding; -- said of texture; as, delicate lace or silk.
Delicate (a.) Soft and fair; -- said of the skin or a surface; as, a delicate cheek; a delicate complexion.
Delicate (a.) Light, or softly tinted; -- said of a color; as, a delicate blue.
Delicate (a.) Refined; gentle; scrupulous not to trespass or offend; considerate; -- said of manners, conduct, or feelings; as, delicate behavior; delicate attentions; delicate thoughtfulness.
Delicate (a.) Tender; not able to endure hardship; feeble; frail; effeminate; -- said of constitution, health, etc.; as, a delicate child; delicate health.
Delight (v. t.) A high degree of gratification of mind; a high- wrought state of pleasurable feeling; lively pleasure; extreme satisfaction; joy.
Delight (v. i.) To have or take great delight or pleasure; to be greatly pleased or rejoiced; -- followed by an infinitive, or by in.
Demerit (n.) That which deserves blame; ill desert; a fault; a vice; misconduct; -- the opposite of merit.
Demerit (n.) To deserve; -- said in reference to both praise and blame.
Demolition (n.) The act of overthrowing, pulling down, or destroying a pile or structure; destruction by violence; utter overthrow; -- opposed to construction; as, the demolition of a house, of military works, of a town, or of hopes.
Demonstration (n.) A course of reasoning showing that a certain result is a necessary consequence of assumed premises; -- these premises being definitions, axioms, and previously established propositions.
Depositary (n.) One with whom anything is lodged in the trust; one who receives a deposit; -- the correlative of depositor.
Deposition (n.) The act of laying down one's testimony in writing; also, testimony laid or taken down in writing, under oath or affirmation, before some competent officer, and in reply to interrogatories and cross-interrogatories.
Depositor (n.) One who makes a deposit, especially of money in a bank; -- the correlative of depository.
Derogate (v. t.) To annul in part; to repeal partly; to restrict; to limit the action of; -- said of a law.
Derogate (v. t.) To lessen; to detract from; to disparage; to depreciate; -- said of a person or thing.
Derogate (v. i.) To take away; to detract; to withdraw; -- usually with from.
Derogate (v. i.) To act beneath one-s rank, place, birth, or character; to degenerate.
Derogation (n.) The act of derogating, partly repealing, or lessening in value; disparagement; detraction; depreciation; -- followed by of, from, or to.
Derogatory (a.) Tending to derogate, or lessen in value; expressing derogation; detracting; injurious; -- with from to, or unto.
Descent (n.) Incursion; sudden attack; especially, hostile invasion from sea; -- often followed by upon or on; as, to make a descent upon the enemy.
Detract (v. i.) To take away a part or something, especially from one's credit; to lessen reputation; to derogate; to defame; -- often with from.
Diacritical (a.) That separates or distinguishes; -- applied to points or marks used to distinguish letters of similar form, or different sounds of the same letter, as, a, /, a, /, /, etc.
Diminution (n.) The act of diminishing, or of making or becoming less; state of being diminished; reduction in size, quantity, or degree; -- opposed to augmentation or increase.
Discrete (a.) Separate; not coalescent; -- said of things usually coalescent.
Discretion (n.) The quality of being discreet; wise conduct and management; cautious discernment, especially as to matters of propriety and self-control; prudence; circumspection; wariness.
Disgust (v. t.) To provoke disgust or strong distaste in; to cause (any one) loathing, as of the stomach; to excite aversion in; to offend the moral taste of; -- often with at, with, or by.
Disgust (v. t.) Repugnance to what is offensive; aversion or displeasure produced by something loathsome; loathing; strong distaste; -- said primarily of the sickening opposition felt for anything which offends the physical organs of taste; now rather of the analogous repugnance excited by anything extremely unpleasant to the moral taste or higher sensibilities of our nature; as, an act of cruelty may excite disgust.
Dispart (n.) A piece of metal placed on the muzzle, or near the trunnions, on the top of a piece of ordnance, to make the Dissent (v. i.) To differ in opinion; to be of unlike or contrary sentiment; to disagree; -- followed by from.
Dissentaneous (a.) Disagreeing; contrary; differing; -- opposed to consentaneous.
Distant (a.) Far separated; far off; not near; remote; -- in place, time, consanguinity, or connection; as, distant times; distant relatives.
Dogbolt (n.) The bolt of the cap-square over the trunnion of a cannon.
Dogcart (n.) A light one-horse carriage, commonly two-wheeled, patterned after a cart. The original dogcarts used in England by sportsmen had a box at the back for carrying dogs.
Dogtooth (n.) An ornament common in Gothic architecture, consisting of pointed projections resembling teeth; -- also called tooth ornament. Doily (n.) A small napkin, used at table with the fruit, etc.; -- commonly colored and fringed.
Dolerite (n.) A dark-colored, basic, igneous rock, composed essentially of pyroxene and a triclinic feldspar with magnetic iron. By many authors it is considered equivalent to a coarse-grained basalt.
Domination (n.) A high order of angels in the celestial hierarchy; -- a meaning given by the schoolmen.
Dormant (a.) In a sleeping posture; as, a lion dormant; -- distinguished from couchant.
Doublet (a.) A close-fitting garment for men, covering the body from the neck to the waist or a little below. It was worn in Western Europe from the 15th to the 17th century.
Doublethreaded (a.) Having two screw threads instead of one; -- said of a screw in which the pitch is equal to twice the distance between the centers of adjacent threads.
Dracanth (n.) A kind of gum; -- called also gum tragacanth, or tragacanth. See Tragacanth.
Drakestone (n.) A flat stone so thrown along the surface of water as to skip from point to point before it sinks; also, the sport of so throwing stones; -- sometimes called ducks and drakes.
Draught (n.) The force drawn; a detachment; -- in this sense usually written draft.
Draught (n.) An order for the payment of money; -- in this sense almost always written draft.
Draught (a.) Drawn directly from the barrel, or other receptacle, in distinction from bottled; on draught; -- said of ale, cider, and the like.
Earnest (a.) Ardent in the pursuit of an object; eager to obtain or do; zealous with sincerity; with hearty endeavor; heartfelt; fervent; hearty; -- used in a good sense; as, earnest prayers.
Eclogite (n.) A rock consisting of granular red garnet, light green smaragdite, and common hornblende; -- so called in reference to its beauty.
Ecostate (a.) Having no ribs or nerves; -- said of a leaf.
Edentata (n. pl.) An order of mammals including the armadillos, sloths, and anteaters; -- called also Bruta. The incisor teeth are rarely developed, and in some groups all the teeth are lacking.
Eelpout (n.) A European fish (Zoarces viviparus), remarkable for producing living young; -- called also greenbone, guffer, bard, and Maroona eel. Also, an American species (Z. anguillaris), -- called also mutton fish, and, erroneously, congo eel, ling, and lamper eel. Both are edible, but of little value.
Eelpout (n.) A fresh-water fish, the burbot.
Elohist (n.) The writer, or one of the writers, of the passages of the Old Testament, notably those of Elohim instead of Jehovah, as the name of the Supreme Being; -- distinguished from Jehovist.
Elohistic (a.) Relating to Elohim as a name of God; -- said of passages in the Old Testament.
Eluctate (v. i.) To struggle out; -- with out.
Emanant (a.) Issuing or flowing forth; emanating; passing forth into an act, or making itself apparent by an effect; -- said of mental acts; as, an emanant volition.
Empaistic (a.) Having to do with inlaid work; -- especially used with reference to work of the ancient Greeks.
Enargite (n.) An iron-black mineral of metallic luster, occurring in small orthorhombic crystals, also massive. It contains sulphur, arsenic, copper, and often silver.
Enceinte (n.) The Enterotome (n.) A kind of scissors used for opening the intestinal canal, as in post-mortem examinations.
Epigastric (a.) Over the stomach; -- applied to two of the areas of the carapace of crabs.
Epignathous (a.) Hook-billed; having the upper mandible longer than the lower.
Epileptogenous (a.) Producing epilepsy or epileptoid convulsions; -- applied to areas of the body or of the nervous system, stimulation of which produces convulsions.
Epizootic (a.) Containing fossil remains; -- said of rocks, formations, mountains, and the like.
Epizootic (a.) Of the nature of a disease which attacks many animals at the same time; -- corresponding to epidemic diseases among men.
Equality (n.) Exact agreement between two expressions or magnitudes with respect to quantity; -- denoted by the symbol =; thus, a = x signifies that a contains the same number and kind of units of measure that x does.
Equisetum (n.) A genus of vascular, cryptogamic, herbaceous plants; -- also called horsetails.
Estimate (v. t.) To judge and form an opinion of the value of, from imperfect data, -- either the extrinsic (money), or intrinsic (moral), value; to fix the worth of roughly or in a general way; as, to estimate the value of goods or land; to estimate the worth or talents of a person.
Estreat (v. t.) To extract or take out from the records of a court, and send up to the court of exchequer to be enforced; -- said of a forfeited recognizance.
Etheostomoid (n.) Any fish of the genus Etheostoma and related genera, allied to the perches; -- also called darter. The etheostomoids are small and often bright-colored fishes inhabiting the fresh waters of North America. About seventy species are known. See Darter.
Eulytite (n.) A mineral, consisting chiefly of the silicate of bismuth, found at Freiberg; -- called also culytine.
Euplectella (n.) A genus of elegant, glassy sponges, consisting of interwoven siliceous fibers, and growing in the form of a cornucopia; -- called also Venus's flower-basket.
Exaltate (a.) Exercising its highest influence; -- said of a planet.
Exfetation (n) Imperfect fetation in some organ exterior to the uterus; extra-uterine fetation.
Expiration (n.) The act or process of breathing out, or forcing air from the lungs through the nose or mouth; as, respiration consists of inspiration and expiration; -- opposed to inspiration.
Extract (n.) A solid preparation obtained by evaporating a solution of a drug, etc., or the fresh juice of a plant; -- distinguished from an abstract. See Abstract, n., 4.
Extract (n.) A peculiar principle once erroneously supposed to form the basis of all vegetable extracts; -- called also the extractive principle. Extraordinary (n.) That which is extraordinary; -- used especially in the plural; as, extraordinaries excepted, there is nothing to prevent success.
Facility (n.) Easiness to be persuaded; readiness or compliance; -- usually in a bad sense; pliancy.
Facility (n.) That which promotes the ease of any action or course of conduct; advantage; aid; assistance; -- usually in the plural; as, special facilities for study.
Farctate (v. t.) Stuffed; filled solid; as, a farctate leaf, stem, or pericarp; -- opposed to tubular or hollow.
Favorite (n.) Short curls dangling over the temples; -- fashionable in the reign of Charles II.
Fiftieth (a.) Next in order after the forty-ninth; -- the ordinal of fifty.
Figurative (a.) Used in a sense that is tropical, as a metaphor; not literal; -- applied to words and expressions.
Flacket (n.) A barrel-shaped bottle; a flagon.
Flobert (n.) A small cartridge designed for target shooting; -- sometimes called ball cap.
Fluinity (n.) The quality of being fluid or capable of flowing; a liquid, aeriform. or gaseous state; -- opposed to solidity.
Fodientia (n.pl.) A group of African edentates including the aard-vark.
Forewit (n.) A leader, or would-be leader, in matters of knowledge or taste.
Forfeit (n.) Something deposited and redeemable by a sportive fine; -- whence the game of forfeits.
Forfeit (n.) To lose, or lose the right to, by some error, fault, offense, or crime; to render one's self by misdeed liable to be deprived of; to alienate the right to possess, by some neglect or crime; as, to forfeit an estate by treason; to forfeit reputation by a breach of promise; -- with to before the one acquiring what is forfeited.
Forsooth (adv.) In truth; in fact; certainly; very well; -- formerly used as an expression of deference or respect, especially to woman; now used ironically or contemptuously.
Fortieth (a.) Following the thirty-ninth, or preceded by thirty-nine units, things, or parts.
Fortieth (n.) One of forty equal parts into which one whole is divided; the quotient of a unit divided by forty; one next in order after the thirty-ninth.
Fossette (n.) A small, deep-centered ulcer of the transparent cornea.
Foumart (a.) The European polecat; -- called also European ferret, and fitchew. See Polecat.
Frogbit (n.) A European plant (Hydrocharis Morsus-ranae), floating on still water and propagating itself by runners. It has roundish leaves and small white flowers.
Gallant (a.) Showy; splendid; magnificent; gay; well-dressed.
Gallant (a.) Noble in bearing or spirit; brave; high-spirited; courageous; heroic; magnanimous; as, a gallant youth; a gallant officer.
Gannister (n.) A refractory material consisting of crushed or ground siliceous stone, mixed with fire clay; -- used for lining Bessemer converters; also used for macadamizing roads.
Gardant (a.) Turning the head towards the spectator, but not the body; -- said of a lion or other beast.
Generator (n.) The principal sound or sounds by which others are produced; the fundamental note or root of the common chord; -- called also generating tone.
Generatrix (n.) That which generates; the point, or the mathematical magnitude, which, by its motion, generates another magnitude, as a line, surface, or solid; -- called also describent.
Geocentrical (a.) Having reference to the earth as center; in relation to or seen from the earth, -- usually opposed to heliocentric, as seen from the sun; as, the geocentric longitude or latitude of a planet.
Gibbartas (n.) One of several finback whales of the North Atlantic; -- called also Jupiter whale.
Gladiate (a.) Sword-shaped; resembling a sword in form, as the leaf of the iris, or of the gladiolus.
Glassite (n.) A member of a Scottish sect, founded in the 18th century by John Glass, a minister of the Established Church of Scotland, who taught that justifying faith is "no more than a simple assent to the divine testimone passively recived by the understanding." The English and American adherents of this faith are called Sandemanians, after Robert Sandeman, the son-in-law and disciple of Glass.
Graduated (a.) Tapered; -- said of a bird's tail when the outer feathers are shortest, and the others successively longer.
Greenstone (n.) A name formerly applied rather loosely to certain dark-colored igneous rocks, including diorite, diabase, etc.
Guarantee (n.) The person to whom a guaranty is made; -- the correlative of guarantor.
Gymnastical (a.) Pertaining to athletic exercises intended for health, defense, or diversion; -- said of games or exercises, as running, leaping, wrestling, throwing the discus, the javelin, etc.; also, pertaining to disciplinary exercises for the intellect; athletic; as, gymnastic exercises, contests, etc.
Hackmatack (n.) The American larch (Larix Americana), a coniferous tree with slender deciduous leaves; also, its heavy, close-grained timber. Called also tamarack.
Hamulate (a.) Furnished with a small hook; hook-shaped.
Hatchettite (n.) Mineral t/ low; a waxy or spermaceti-like substance, commonly of a greenish yellow color.
Helianthin (n.) An artificial, orange dyestuff, analogous to tropaolin, and like it used as an indicator in alkalimetry; -- called also methyl orange.
Hematite (n.) An important ore of iron, the sesquioxide, so called because of the red color of the powder. It occurs in splendent rhombohedral crystals, and in massive and earthy forms; -- the last called red ocher. Called also specular iron, oligist iron, rhombohedral iron ore, and bloodstone. See Brown hematite, under Brown.
Hematotherma (n. pl.) The warm-blooded vertebrates, comprising the mammals and birds; -- the antithesis to hematocrya.
Hematothermal (a.) Warm-blooded. Hemigamous (a.) Having one of the two florets in the same spikelet neuter, and the other unisexual, whether male or female; -- said of grasses.
Heterotopy (n.) A deviation from the natural position; -- a term applied in the case of organs or growths which are abnormal in situation.
Holometabolic (a.) Having a complete metamorphosis;-said of certain insects, as the butterflies and bees.
Homocategoric (a.) Belonging to the same category of individuality; -- a morphological term applied to organisms so related.
Homoiothermal (a.) Maintaining a uniform temperature; haematothermal; homothermic; -- applied to warm-bodied animals, because they maintain a nearly uniform temperature in spite of the great variations in the surrounding air; in distinct from the cold-blooded (poikilothermal) animals, whose body temperature follows the variations in temperature of the surrounding medium.
Hopscotch (n.) A child's game, in which a player, hopping on one foot, drives a stone from one compartment to another of a figure traced or scotched on the ground; -- called also hoppers. Horizon (n.) A plane parallel to the sensible horizon of a place, and passing through the earth's center; -- called also rational / celestial horizon.
Humanity (n.) The branches of polite or elegant learning; as language, rhetoric, poetry, and the ancient classics; belles-letters.
Humidity (n.) Moisture; dampness; a moderate degree of wetness, which is perceptible to the eye or touch; -- used especially of the atmosphere, or of anything which has absorbed moisture from the atmosphere, as clothing.
Humility (n.) The state or quality of being humble; freedom from pride and arrogance; lowliness of mind; a modest estimate of one's own worth; a sense of one's own unworthiness through imperfection and sinfulness; self-abasement; humbleness.
Hyacinth (n.) The name also given to Scilla Peruviana, a Mediterranean plant, one variety of which produces white, and another blue, flowers; -- called also, from a mistake as to its origin, Hyacinth of Peru.
Hylobate (n.) Any species of the genus Hylobates; a gibbon, or long-armed ape. See Gibbon.
Hyopastron (n.) The second lateral plate in the plastron of turtles; -- called also hyosternum.
Idiolatry (n.) Self-worship; excessive self-esteem.
Idiopathical (a.) Pertaining to idiopathy; characterizing a disease arising primarily, and not in consequence of some other disease or injury; -- opposed to symptomatic, sympathetic, and traumatic.
Imbibition (n.) The act or process of imbibing, or absorbing; as, the post-mortem imbibition of poisons.
Immanation (n.) A flowing or entering in; -- opposed to emanation.
Immolator (n.) One who offers in sacrifice; specifically, one of a sect of Russian fanatics who practice self-mutilatio and sacrifice.
Impanation (a.) Embodiment in bread; the supposed real presence and union of Christ's material body and blood with the substance of the elements of the eucharist without a change in their nature; -- distinguished from transubstantiation, which supposes a miraculous change of the substance of the elements. It is akin to consubstantiation.
Imperator (n.) A commander; a leader; an emperor; -- originally an appellation of honor by which Roman soldiers saluted their general after an important victory. Subsequently the title was conferred as a recognition of great military achievements by the senate, whence it carried wiht it some special privileges. After the downfall of the Republic it was assumed by Augustus and his successors, and came to have the meaning now attached to the word emperor.
Impracticable (a.) Not to be overcome, presuaded, or controlled by any reasonable method; unmanageable; intractable; not capable of being easily dealt with; -- used in a general sense, as applied to a person or thing that is difficult to control or get along with.
Imprest (v. t.) A kind of earnest money; loan; -- specifically, money advanced for some public service, as in enlistment.
Imprint (v. t.) Whatever is impressed or imprinted; the impress or mark left by something; specifically, the name of the printer or publisher (usually) with the time and place of issue, in the title-page of a book, or on any printed sheet.
Inconstant (a.) Not constant; not stable or uniform; subject to change of character, appearance, opinion, inclination, or purpose, etc.; not firm; unsteady; fickle; changeable; variable; -- said of persons or things; as, inconstant in love or friendship.
Increated (a.) Uncreated; self-existent.
Infinite (a.) Without limit in power, capacity, knowledge, or excellence; boundless; immeasurably or inconceivably great; perfect; as, the infinite wisdom and goodness of God; -- opposed to finite.
Infinite (a.) Greater than any assignable quantity of the same kind; -- said of certain quantities.
Infinite (a.) Capable of endless repetition; -- said of certain forms of the canon, called also perpetual fugues, so constructed that their ends lead to their beginnings, and the performance may be incessantly repeated.
Innovate (v. i.) To introduce novelties or changes; -- sometimes with in or on.
Insight (n.) A sight or view of the interior of anything; a deep inspection or view; introspection; -- frequently used with into.
Instant (a.) A day of the present or current month; as, the sixth instant; -- an elliptical expression equivalent to the sixth of the month instant, i. e., the current month. See Instant, a., 3.
Insulated (p. a.) Situated at so great a distance as to be beyond the effect of gravitation; -- said of stars supposed to be so far apart that the affect of their mutual attraction is insensible.
Intersternal (a.) Between the sternal; -- said of certain membranes or parts of insects and crustaceans.
Intimate (a.) Innermost; inward; internal; deep-seated; hearty.
Intonate (v. i.) To sound the tones of the musical scale; to practice the sol-fa.
Intonation (n.) Reciting in a musical prolonged tone; intonating, or singing of the opening phrase of a plain-chant, psalm, or canticle by a single voice, as of a priest. See Intone, v. t.
Involuted (a.) Rolled inward from the edges; -- said of leaves in vernation, or of the petals of flowers in aestivation.
Involute (n.) A curve traced by the end of a string wound upon another curve, or unwound from it; -- called also evolvent. See Evolute.
Involution (n.) The act or process of raising a quantity to any power assigned; the multiplication of a quantity into itself a given number of times; -- the reverse of evolution.
Irritation (n.) The act of exciting, or the condition of being excited to action, by stimulation; -- as, the condition of an organ of sense, when its nerve is affected by some external body; esp., the act of exciting muscle fibers to contraction, by artificial stimulation; as, the irritation of a motor nerve by electricity; also, the condition of a muscle and nerve, under such stimulation.
Irrotational (a.) Not rotatory; passing from one point to another by a movement other than rotation; -- said of the movement of parts of a liquid or yielding mass. Isatin (n.) An orange-red crystalIssuant (a.) Issuing or coming up; -- a term used to express a charge or bearing rising or coming out of another. Isuret (n.) An artificial nitrogenous base, isomeric with urea, and forming a white crystalJarosite (n.) An ocher-yellow mineral occurring on minute rhombohedral crystals. It is a hydrous sulphate of iron and potash.
Jessant (a.) Springing up or emerging; -- said of a plant or animal.
Jubilate (n.) The third Sunday after Easter; -- so called because the introit is the 66th Psalm, which, in the Latin version, begins with the words, "Jubilate Deo."
Jubilate (n.) A name of the 100th Psalm; -- so called from its opening word in the Latin version.
Kumquat (n.) A small tree of the genus Citrus (C. Japonica) growing in China and Japan; also, its small acid, orange-colored fruit used for preserves.
Laterite (n.) An argillaceous sandstone, of a red color, and much seamed; -- found in India.
Lazulite (n.) A mineral of a light indigo-blue color, occurring in small masses, or in monoclinic crystals; blue spar. It is a hydrous phosphate of alumina and magnesia.
Lengest (a.) Longer; longest; -- obsolete compar. and superl. of long.
Lenient (a.) Relaxing; emollient; softening; assuasive; -- sometimes followed by of.
Leucoethiopic (a.) White and black; -- said of a white animal of a black species, or the albino of the negro race.
Levitate (v. i.) To rise, or tend to rise, as if lighter than the surrounding medium; to become buoyant; -- opposed to gravitate.
Levorotatory (a.) Turning or rotating the plane of polarization towards the left; levogyrate, as levulose, left-handed quartz crystals, etc.
Ligulated (a.) Like a bandage, or strap; strap-shaped.
Literature (n.) The class of writings distinguished for beauty of style or expression, as poetry, essays, or history, in distinction from scientific treatises and works which contain positive knowledge; belles-lettres.
Literatus (n.) A learned man; a man acquainted with literature; -- chiefly used in the plural.
Locomotive (n.) A locomotive engine; a self-propelling wheel carriage, especially one which bears a steam boiler and one or more steam engines which communicate motion to the wheels and thus propel the carriage, -- used to convey goods or passengers, or to draw wagons, railroad cars, etc. See Illustration in Appendix.
Logarithm (n.) One of a class of auxiliary numbers, devised by John Napier, of Merchiston, Scotland (1550-1617), to abridge arithmetical calculations, by the use of addition and subtraction in place of multiplication and division.
Loosestrife (n.) The name of several species of plants of the genus Lysimachia, having small star-shaped flowers, usually of a yellow color.
Lophosteon (n.) The central keel-bearing part of the sternum in birds.
Lunulet (n.) A small spot, shaped like a half-moon or crescent; as, the lunulet on the wings of many insects.
Mackintosh (n.) A waterproof outer garment; -- so called from the name of the inventor.
Madwort (n.) A genus of cruciferous plants (Alyssum) with white or yellow flowers and rounded pods. A. maritimum is the commonly cultivated sweet alyssum, a fragrant white-flowered annual.
Majorat (a.) The right of succession to property according to age; -- so termed in some of the countries of continental Europe.
Maranatha (n.) "Our Lord cometh;" -- an expression used by St. Paul at the conclusion of his first Epistle to the Corinthians (xvi. 22). This word has been used in anathematizing persons for great crimes; as much as to say, "May the Lord come quickly to take vengeance of thy crimes." See Anathema maranatha, under Anathema.
Martlet (n.) A bird without beak or feet; -- generally assumed to represent a martin. As a mark of cadency it denotes the fourth son. Marvel (v. t.) To cause to marvel, or be surprised; -- used impersonally.
Mediant (n.) The third above the keynote; -- so called because it divides the interval between the tonic and dominant into two thirds.
Meditation (n.) Thought; -- without regard to kind.
Melenite (n.) An explosive of great destructive power; -- so called from its color, which resembles honey.
Mesquit (n.) A name for two trees of the southwestern part of North America, the honey mesquite, and screw-pod mesquite.
Metacetone (n.) A colorless liquid of an agreeable odor, C6H10O, obtained by distilling a mixture of sugar and lime; -- so called because formerly regarded as a polymeric modification of acetone.
Methysticin (n.) A white, silky, crystalMezuzoth (n.) A piece of parchment bearing the Decalogue and attached to the doorpost; -- in use among orthodox Hebrews.
Micraster (n.) A genus of sea urchins, similar to Spatangus, abounding in the chalk formation; -- from the starlike disposal of the ambulacral furrows.
Militate (v. i.) To make war; to fight; to contend; -- usually followed by against and with. Milksop (n.) A piece of bread sopped in milk; figuratively, an effeminate or weak-minded person.
Minority (a. & n.) The smaller number; -- opposed to majority; as, the minority must be ruled by the majority.
Misurato (a.) Measured; -- a direction to perform a passage in strict or measured time.
Mitigate (v. t.) To make mild and accessible; to mollify; -- applied to persons.
Moderation (n.) The first public examinations for degrees at the University of Oxford; -- usually contracted to mods.
Monazite (n.) A mineral occurring usually in small isolated crystals, -- a phosphate of the cerium metals.
Monteith (n.) A vessel in which glasses are washed; -- so called from the name of the inventor.
Mozzetta (n.) A cape, with a small hood; -- worn by the pope and other dignitaries of the Roman Catholic Church.
Mugwort (n.) A somewhat aromatic composite weed (Artemisia vulgaris), at one time used medicinally; -- called also motherwort.
Munjistin (n.) An orange-red coloring substance resembling alizarin, found in the root of an East Indian species of madder (Rubia munjista).
Muskrat (n.) A North American aquatic fur-bearing rodent (Fiber zibethicus). It resembles a rat in color and having a long scaly tail, but the tail is compressed, the bind feet are webbed, and the ears are concealed in the fur. It has scent glands which secrete a substance having a strong odor of musk. Called also musquash, musk beaver, and ondatra.
Myoepithelial (a.) Derived from epithelial cells and destined to become a part of the muscular system; -- applied to structural elements in certain embryonic forms.
Nasturtium (n.) Any plant of the genus Tropaeolum, geraniaceous herbs, having mostly climbing stems, peltate leaves, and spurred flowers, and including the common Indian cress (Tropaeolum majus), the canary-bird flower (T. peregrinum), and about thirty more species, all natives of South America. The whole plant has a warm pungent flavor, and the fleshy fruits are used as a substitute for capers, while the leaves and flowers are sometimes used in salads.
nebulation (n.) The condition of being nebulated; also, a clouded, or ill-defined, color mark.
Nehushtan (n.) A thing of brass; -- the name under which the Israelites worshiped the brazen serpent made by Moses.
Neophyte (n.) A new convert or proselyte; -- a name given by the early Christians, and still given by the Roman Catholics, to such as have recently embraced the Christian faith, and been admitted to baptism, esp. to converts from heathenism or Judaism.
Neoplatonism (n.) A pantheistic eclectic school of philosophy, of which Plotinus was the chief (A. D. 205-270), and which sought to reconcile the Platonic and Aristotelian systems with Oriental theosophy. It tended to mysticism and theurgy, and was the last product of Greek philosophy.
Neuroptera (n. pl.) An order of hexapod insects having two pairs of large, membranous, net-veined wings. The mouth organs are adapted for chewing. They feed upon other insects, and undergo a complete metamorphosis. The ant-lion, hellgamite, and lacewing fly are examples. Formerly, the name was given to a much more extensive group, including the true Neuroptera and the Pseudoneuroptera.
Nominative (a.) Giving a name; naming; designating; -- said of that case or form of a noun which stands as the subject of a finite verb.
Noncontent (n.) One who gives a negative vote; -- sometimes abridged into noncon. or non con.
Aliphatic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or derived from, fat; fatty; -- applied to compounds having an openc-hain structure. The aliphatic compounds thus include not only the fatty acids and other derivatives of the paraffin hydrocarbons, but also unsaturated compounds, as the ethylene and acetylene series.
Aristotype (n.) Orig., a printing-out process using paper coated with silver chloride in gelatin; now, any such process using silver salts in either collodion or gelatin; also, a print so made.
Autocatalysis (n.) Self-catalysis; catalysis of a substance by one of its own products, as of silver oxide by the silver formed by reduction of a small portion of it.
Autunite (n.) A lemon-yellow phosphate of uranium and calcium occurring in tabular crystals with basal cleavage, and in micalike scales. H., 2-2.5. Sp. gr., 3.05-3.19.
Axminster carpet () A variety of Turkey carpet, woven by machine or, when more than 27 inches wide, on a hand loom, and consisting of strips of worsted chenille so colored as to produce a pattern on a stout jute backing. It has a fine soft pile. So called from Axminster, England, where it was formerly (1755 -- 1835) made.
Axminster carpet () A similar but cheaper machine-made carpet, resembling moquette in construction and appearance, but finer and of better material.
Bracket (n.) A figure determined by firing a projectile beyond a target and another short of it, as a basis for ascertaining the proper elevation of the piece; -- only used in the phrase, to establish a bracket. After the bracket is established shots are fired with intermediate elevations until the exact range is obtained. In the United States navy it is called fork.
Chemiotaxis () The sensitiveness exhibited by small free-swimming organisms, as bacteria, zoospores of algae, etc., to chemical substances held in solution. They may be attracted (positive chemotaxis) or repelled (negative chemotaxis).
Cinematograph (n.) A machine, combining magic lantern and kinetoscope features, for projecting on a screen a series of pictures, moved rapidly (25 to 50 a second) and intermittently before an objective lens, and producing by persistence of vision the illusion of continuous motion; a moving-picture machine; also, any of several other machines or devices producing moving pictorial effects. Other common names for the cinematograph are animatograph, biograph, bioscope, electrograph, electroscope, >
Conductance (n.) Conducting power; -- the reciprocal of resistance. A suggested unit is the mho, the reciprocal of the ohm.
Delsarte system () A system of calisthenics patterned on the theories of Fran/ois Delsarte (1811 -- 71), a French teacher of dramatic and musical expression.
Demountable () Capable of being dismounted; -- said of a form of rim, for an automobile wheel, which can be removed with its tire from the wheel.
Dolerite (n.) Coarse-grained basalt.
Escalator (n.) A stairway or incExaltation (n.) An abnormal sense of personal well-being, power, or importance, -- a symptom observed in various forms of insanity.
Ferranti phenomenon () An increase in the ratio of transformation of an alternating current converter, accompanied by other changes in electrical conditions, occurring when the secondary of the converter is connected with a condenser of moderate capacity; -- so called because first observed in connection with the Ferranti cables in London.
Gibraltar (n.) A kind of candy sweetmeat, or a piece of it; -- called, in full, Gibraltar rock.
Graffito (n.) Production of decorative designs by scratching them through a surface of layer plaster, glazing, etc., revealing a different-colored ground; also, pottery or ware so decorated; -- chiefly used attributively.
Hamfatter (n.) A low-grade actor or performer. Harvey process () A process of hardening the face of steel, as armor plates, invented by Hayward A. Harvey of New Jersey, consisting in the additional carburizing of the face of a piece of low carbon steel by subjecting it to the action of carbon under long-continued pressure at a very high heat, and then to a violent chilling, as by a spray of cold water. This process gives an armor plate a thick surface of extreme hardness supp
Headwater (n.) The source and upper part of a stream; -- commonly used in the plural; as, the headwaters of the Missouri.
Initiative (n.) The right or procedure by which legislation may be introduced or enacted directly by the people, as in the Swiss Confederation and in many of the States of the United States; -- chiefly used with the. The procedure of the initiative is essentially as follows: Upon the filing of a petition signed by a required number or percentage of qualified voters the desired measure must be submitted to a popular vote, and upon receiving the required majority (commonly a majority of those vo>
Inswept (a.) Narrowed at the forward end; -- said of an automobile frame when the side members are closer together at the forward end than at the rear.
Kilowatt hour () A unit of work or energy equal to that done by one kilowatt acting for one hour; -- approx. = 1.34 horse-power hour.
Levorotation (n.) Rotation in the direction of an outgoing right-handed screw; counter-clockwise rotation; -- applied chiefly to the turning of the plane of polarization of light.
Lightstruck (a.) Damaged by accidental exposure to light; light-fogged; -- said of plates or films.
Minorat (a.) A custom or right, analogous to borough-English in England, formerly existing in various parts of Europe, and surviving in parts of Germany and Austria, by which certain entailed estates, as a homestead and adjacent land, descend to the youngest male heir.
Monteith (n.) A kind of cotton handkerchief having a uniform colored ground with a regular pattern of white spots produced by discharging the color; -- so called from the Glasgow manufactures. Montessori Method () A system of training and instruction, primarily for use with normal children aged from three to six years, devised by Dr. Maria Montessori while teaching in the "Houses of Childhood" (schools in the poorest tenement districts of Rome, Italy), and first fully describ
Neocriticism (n.) The form of Neo-Kantianism developed by French idealists, following C. Renouvier. It rejects the noumena of Kant, restricting knowledge to phenomena as constituted by a priori categories.
Obturator (n.) Any device for preventing the escape of gas through the breech mechanism of a breech-loading gun; a gas check.
Palamate (a.) Web-footed.
Palmetto flag () Any of several flags adopted by South California after its secession. That adopted in November, 1860, had a green cabbage palmetto in the center of a white field; the final one, January, 1861, had a white palmetto in the center of a blue field and a white crescent in the upper left-hand corner.
Palmetto State () South California; -- a nickname alluding to the State Arms, which contain a representation of a palmetto tree.
Parquet (n.) In various European public bourses, the railed-in space within which the "agents de change," or privileged brokers, conduct business; also, the business conducted by them; -- distinguished from the coulisse, or outside market.
Parquet circle () That part of the lower floor of a theater with seats at the rear of the parquet and beneath the galleries; -- called also, esp. in U. S., orchestra circle or parterre.
Plaquette (n.) A small plaque, esp., in modern medal engraving, a small and delicate bas-relief, whether cast or struck from a die, or of form other than circular.
Projector (n.) An optical instrument for projecting a picture upon a screen, as by a magic lantern or by an instrument for projecting (by reflection instead of transmission of light) a picture of an opaque object, as photographs, picture post-cards, insects, etc., in the colors of the object itself. In this latter form the projection is accomplished by means of a combination of lenses with a prism and a mirror or reflector. Specific instruments have been called by different names, such as radi>
Resonator (n.) Any of various apparatus for exhibiting or utilizing the effects of resonance in connection with open circuits, as a device having an oscillating circuit which includes a helix of bare copper wire, a variable number of coils of which can be connected in circuit with a condenser and spark gap excited with an induction coil. It is used to create high-frequency electric brush discharges.
Resonator (n.) The antenna system and other high-frequency circuits of a receiving apparatus.
sandlot () a vacant lot; -- used especially in reference to informal games played by children; as, sandlot baseball.
Tamworth (n.) One of a long-established English breed of large pigs. They are red, often spotted with black, with a long snout and erect or forwardly pointed ears, and are valued as bacon producers.
Thermotank (n.) A tank containing pipes through which circulates steam, water, air, or the like, for heating or cooling; -- used in some heating and ventilation systems.
Turpentine State () North Carolina; -- a nickname alluding to its extensive production of turpentine.
Obdurate (a.) Hardened in feelings, esp. against moral or mollifying influences; unyielding; hard-hearted; stubbornly wicked.
Obligatory (a.) Binding in law or conscience; imposing duty or obligation; requiring performance or forbearance of some act; -- often followed by on or upon; as, obedience is obligatory on a soldier.
Obsolete (a.) No longer in use; gone into disuse; disused; neglected; as, an obsolete word; an obsolete statute; -- applied chiefly to words, writings, or observances.
Obvoluted (a.) Overlapping; contorted; convolute; -- applied primarily, in botany, to two opposite leaves, each of which has one edge overlapping the nearest edge of the other, and secondarily to a circle of several leaves or petals which thus overlap.
Octameter (n.) A verse containing eight feet; as, --//Deep# in|to# the | dark#ness | peer#ing, | long# I | stood# there | wond'#ring, | fear#ing.
Oligist (a.) Hematite or specular iron ore; -- prob. so called in allusion to its feeble magnetism, as compared with magnetite.
Omnipotent (a.) Able in every respect and for every work; unlimited in ability; all-powerful; almighty; as, the Being that can create worlds must be omnipotent.
Opposite (a.) Placed over against; standing or situated over against or in front; facing; -- often with to; as, a house opposite to the Exchange.
Opposition (n.) The situation of a heavenly body with respect to another when in the part of the heavens directly opposite to it; especially, the position of a planet or satellite when its longitude differs from that of the sun 180?; -- signified by the symbol /; as, / / /, opposition of Jupiter to the sun.
Orangetawny (a. & n.) Deep orange-yellow; dark yellow.
Orangite () An orange-yellow variety of the mineral thorite, found in Norway.
Orchestra (n.) The space in a theater between the stage and the audience; -- originally appropriated by the Greeks to the chorus and its evolutions, afterward by the Romans to persons of distinction, and by the moderns to a band of instrumental musicians.
Orchestra (n.) A band composed, for the largest part, of players of the various viol instruments, many of each kind, together with a proper complement of wind instruments of wood and brass; -- as distinguished from a military or street band of players on wind instruments, and from an assemblage of solo players for the rendering of concerted pieces, such as septets, octets, and the like.
Orchestration (n.) The arrangement of music for an orchestra; orchestral treatment of a composition; -- called also instrumentation.
Ordinate (a.) Well-ordered; orderly; regular; methodical.
Otaheite apple () The fruit of a Polynesian anacardiaceous tree (Spondias dulcis), also called vi-apple. It is rather larger than an apple, and the rind has a flavor of turpentine, but the flesh is said to taste like pineapples.
Overeat (v. t. & i.) To eat to excess; -- often with a reflexive.
Oxalantin (n.) A white crystalOxheart (n.) A large heart-shaped cherry, either black, red, or white.
Pachonta (n.) A substance resembling gutta-percha, and used to adulterate it, obtained from the East Indian tree Isonandra acuminata.
Pagodite (n.) Agalmatolite; -- so called because sometimes carved by the Chinese into the form of pagodas. See Agalmatolite.
Paletot (n.) A lady's outer garment, -- of varying fashion.
Palmette (n.) A floral ornament, common in Greek and other ancient architecture; -- often called the honeysuckle ornament.
Pancratic (a.) Having all or many degrees of power; having a great range of power; -- said of an eyepiece made adjustable so as to give a varying magnifying power.
Pancratium (n.) A genus of Old World amaryllideous bulbous plants, having a funnel-shaped perianth with six narrow spreading lobes. The American species are now placed in the related genus Hymenocallis.
Panoistic (a.) Producing ova only; -- said of the ovaries of certain insects which do not produce vitelligenous cells.
Papboat (n.) A large spiral East Indian marine shell (Turbinella rapha); -- so called because used by native priests to hold the oil for anointing.
Parasite (n.) One who frequents the tables of the rich, or who lives at another's expense, and earns his welcome by flattery; a hanger-on; a toady; a sycophant.
Parasite (n.) A plant obtaining nourishment immediately from other plants to which it attaches itself, and whose juices it absorbs; -- sometimes, but erroneously, called epiphyte.
Parquetry (n.) A species of joinery or cabinet-work consisting of an inlay of geometric or other patterns, generally of different colors, -- used especially for floors.
Partlet (n.) A hen; -- so called from the ruffing of her neck feathers.
Passant (v. i.) Walking; -- said of any animal on an escutcheon, which is represented as walking with the dexter paw raised.
Patient (a.) Undergoing pains, trails, or the like, without murmuring or fretfulness; bearing up with equanimity against trouble; long-suffering.
Patient (a.) Forbearing; long-suffering.
Patient (n.) A person under medical or surgical treatment; -- correlative to physician or nurse.
Pentastyle (a.) Having five columns in front; -- said of a temple or portico in classical architecture.
Perception (n.) The faculty of perceiving; the faculty, or peculiar part, of man's constitution by which he has knowledge through the medium or instrumentality of the bodily organs; the act of apperhending material objects or qualities through the senses; -- distinguished from conception.
Perfect (a.) Hermaphrodite; having both stamens and pistils; -- said of flower.
Perfective (a.) Tending or conducing to make perfect, or to bring to perfection; -- usually followed by of.
Periostracum (n.) A chitinous membrane covering the exterior of many shells; -- called also epidermis.
Permeate (v. t.) To pass through the pores or interstices of; to penetrate and pass through without causing rupture or displacement; -- applied especially to fluids which pass through substances of loose texture; as, water permeates sand.
Persist (v. i.) To stand firm; to be fixed and unmoved; to stay; to continue steadfastly; especially, to continue fixed in a course of conduct against opposing motives; to persevere; -- sometimes conveying an unfavorable notion, as of doggedness or obstinacy.
Persistent (a.) Remaining beyond the period when parts of the same kind sometimes fall off or are absorbed; permanent; as, persistent teeth or gills; a persistent calyx; -- opposed to deciduous, and caducous.
Pervert (n.) One who has been perverted; one who has turned to error, especially in religion; -- opposed to convert. See the Synonym of Convert.
Petworth marble () A kind of shell marble occurring in the Wealden clay at Petworth, in Sussex, England; -- called also Sussex marble.
Philanthropinism (n.) A system of education on so-called natural principles, attempted in Germany in the last century by Basedow, of Dessau.
Philanthropy (n.) Love to mankind; benevolence toward the whole human family; universal good will; desire and readiness to do good to all men; -- opposed to misanthropy.
Philauty (n.) Self-love; selfishness.
Philister (n.) A Philistine; -- a cant name given to townsmen by students in German universities.
Phrenitis (n.) Inflammation of the brain, or of the meninges of the brain, attended with acute fever and delirium; -- called also cephalitis.
Phylactery (n.) A small square box, made either of parchment or of black calfskin, containing slips of parchment or vellum on which are written the scriptural passages Exodus xiii. 2-10, and 11-17, Deut. vi. 4-9, 13-22. They are worn by Jews on the head and left arm, on week-day mornings, during the time of prayer.
Phylactolaemata (n. pl.) An order of fresh-water Bryozoa in which the tentacles are arranged on a horseshoe-shaped lophophore, and the mouth is covered by an epistome. Called also Lophopoda, and hippocrepians. Phyllophagous (a.) Substituting on leaves; leaf-eating.
Physostigmine (n.) An alkaloid found in the Calabar bean (the seed of Physostigma venenosum), and extracted as a white, tasteless, substance, amorphous or crystalline; -- formerly called eserine, with which it was regarded as identical.
Pietist (n.) One of a class of religious reformers in Germany in the 17th century who sought to revive declining piety in the Protestant churches; -- often applied as a term of reproach to those who make a display of religious feeling. Also used adjectively.
Pimelite (n.) An apple-green mineral having a greasy feel. It is a hydrous silicate of nickel, magnesia, aluminia, and iron.
Pisolite (n.) A variety of calcite, or calcium carbonate, consisting of aggregated globular concretions about the size of a pea; -- called also peastone, peagrit.
Placket (n.) The opening or slit left in a petticoat or skirt for convenience in putting it on; -- called also placket hole.
Platyptera (n. pl.) A division of Pseudoneuroptera including the species which have four broad, flat wings, as the termites, or white-ants, and the stone flies (Perla).
Pneumatograph (n.) An instrument for recording the movements of the thorax or chest wall during respiration; -- also called stethograph. Pneumonophora (n. pl.) The division of Siphonophora which includes the Physalia and allied genera; -- called also Pneumatophorae.
Pneumothorax (n.) A condition in which air or other gas is present in the cavity of the chest; -- called also pneumatothorax.
Podophthalmia (n. pl.) The stalk-eyed Crustacea, -- an order of Crustacea having the eyes supported on movable stalks. It includes the crabs, lobsters, and prawns. Called also Podophthalmata, and Decapoda.
Polyanthus (n.) The oxlip. So called because the peduncle bears a many-flowered umbel. See Oxlip. (b) A bulbous flowering plant of the genus Narcissus (N. Tazetta, or N. polyanthus of some authors). See Illust. of Narcissus.
Polyautography (n.) The act or practice of multiplying copies of one's own handwriting, or of manuscripts, by printing from stone, -- a species of lithography.
Pommette (a.) Having two balls or protuberances at each end; -- said of a cross.
Porosity (n.) The quality or state of being porous; -- opposed to density.
Pragmatical (a.) Philosophical; dealing with causes, reasons, and effects, rather than with details and circumstances; -- said of literature.
Prakrit (n.) Any one of the popular dialects descended from, or akin to, Sanskrit; -- in distinction from the Sanskrit, which was used as a literary and learned language when no longer spoken by the people. Pali is one of the Prakrit dialects.
Precentor (n.) The leader of the choir in a cathedral; -- called also the chanter or master of the choir.
Prehnitic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, a tetrabasic acid of benzene obtained as a white crystalPresbyter (n.) One ordained to the second order in the ministry; -- called also priest.
Present (a.) Being at hand, within reach or call, within certain contemplated limits; -- opposed to absent.
Present (a.) Present letters or instrument, as a deed of conveyance, a lease, letter of attorney, or other writing; as in the phrase, " Know all men by these presents," that is, by the writing itself, " per has literas praesentes; " -- in this sense, rarely used in the singular.
Present (v. i.) To appear at the mouth of the uterus so as to be perceptible to the finger in vaginal examination; -- said of a part of an infant during labor.
Presentation (n.) The particular position of the child during labor relatively to the passage though which it is to be brought forth; -- specifically designated by the part which first appears at the mouth of the uterus; as, a breech presentation.
Presentive (a.) Bringing a conception or notion directly before the mind; presenting an object to the memory of imagination; -- distinguished from symbolic.
Preventative (n.) That which prevents; -- incorrectly used instead of preventive.
Proclitic (a.) Leaning forward; -- said of certain monosyllabic words which are so closely attached to the following word as not to have a separate accent.
Prognathous (a.) Having the jaws projecting beyond the upper part of the face; -- opposed to orthognathous. See Gnathic index, under Gnathic.
Project (v. t.) To draw or exhibit, as the form of anything; to delineate; as, to project a sphere, a map, an ellipse, and the like; -- sometimes with on, upon, into, etc.; as, to project a Proleptical (a.) Anticipating the usual time; -- applied to a periodical disease whose paroxysms return at an earlier hour at every repetition.
Prophetical (a.) Containing, or pertaining to, prophecy; foretelling events; as, prophetic writings; prophetic dreams; -- used with of before the thing foretold.
Proportion (n.) The equality or similarity of ratios, especially of geometrical ratios; or a relation among quantities such that the quotient of the first divided by the second is equal to that of the third divided by the fourth; -- called also geometrical proportion, in distinction from arithmetical proportion, or that in which the difference of the first and second is equal to the difference of the third and fourth.
Prostate (a.) Standing before; -- applied to a gland which is found in the males of most mammals, and is situated at the neck of the bladder where this joins the urethra.
Protection (n.) A writing that protects or secures from molestation or arrest; a pass; a safe-conduct; a passport.
Protection (n.) A theory, or a policy, of protecting the producers in a country from foreign competition in the home market by the imposition of such discriminating duties on goods of foreign production as will restrict or prevent their importation; -- opposed to free trade.
Protectorate (n.) Government by a protector; -- applied especially to the government of England by Oliver Cromwell.
Protest (v. i.) To make a solemn declaration (often a written one) expressive of opposition; -- with against; as, he protest against your votes.
Protestant (v.) One who protests; -- originally applied to those who adhered to Luther, and protested against, or made a solemn declaration of dissent from, a decree of the Emperor Charles V. and the Diet of Spires, in 1529, against the Reformers, and appealed to a general council; -- now used in a popular sense to designate any Christian who does not belong to the Roman Catholic or the Greek Church.
Protestation (n.) Formerly, a declaration in common-law pleading, by which the party interposes an oblique allegation or denial of some fact, protesting that it does or does not exist, and at the same time avoiding a direct affirmation or denial.
Prudent (a.) Sagacious in adapting means to ends; circumspect in action, or in determining any Prudential (n.) That which relates to or demands the exercise of, discretion or prudence; -- usually in the pl.
Punctator (n.) One who marks with points. specifically, one who writes Hebrew with points; -- applied to a Masorite.
Pungent (v. t.) Prickly-pointed; hard and sharp.
Purport (n.) To intend to show; to intend; to mean; to signify; to import; -- often with an object clause or infinitive.
Puseyite (n.) One who holds the principles of Puseyism; -- often used opprobriously.
Pyrocatechin (n.) A white crystalPyrrhotite (n.) A bronze-colored mineral, of metallic luster. It is a sulphide of iron, and is remarkable for being attracted by the magnet. Called also magnetic pyrites.
Quadrat (n.) A block of type metal lower than the letters, -- used in spacing and in blank lines.
Quadrat (n.) An old instrument used for taking altitudes; -- called also geometrical square, and Quadrate (a.) To square; to agree; to suit; to correspond; -- followed by with.
Quarantine (n.) A space of forty days; -- used of Lent.
Quartation (n.) The act, process, or result (in the process of parting) of alloying a button of nearly pure gold with enough silver to reduce the fineness so as to allow acids to attack and remove all metals except the gold; -- called also inquartation. Compare Parting.
Quercitin (n.) A yellow crystalQuercitrin (n.) A glucoside extracted from the bark of the oak (Quercus) as a bitter citron-yellow crystalQuinnat (n.) The California salmon (Oncorhynchus choicha); -- called also chouicha, king salmon, chinnook salmon, and Sacramento salmon. It is of great commercial importance.
Quintette (n.) A composition for five voices or instruments; also, the set of five persons who sing or play five-part music.
Radiant (a.) Giving off rays; -- said of a bearing; as, the sun radiant; a crown radiant.
Radiant (a.) Having a raylike appearance, as the large marginal flowers of certain umbelliferous plants; -- said also of the cluster which has such marginal flowers.
Radicated (a.) Having roots, or possessing a well-developed root.
Raiment (n.) Clothing in general; vesture; garments; -- usually singular in form, with a collective sense.
Rallentando (a.) Slackening; -- a direction to perform a passage with a gradual decrease in time and force; ritardando.
Rampant (v.) Rising with fore paws in the air as if attacking; -- said of a beast of prey, especially a lion. The right fore leg and right hind leg should be raised higher than the left.
Receipt (n.) That which is received; that which comes in, in distinction from what is expended, paid out, sent away, and the like; -- usually in the plural; as, the receipts amounted to a thousand dollars.
Recitative (n.) A species of musical recitation in which the words are delivered in a manner resembling that of ordinary declamation; also, a piece of music intended for such recitation; -- opposed to melisma.
Redcoat (n.) One who wears a red coat; specifically, a red-coated British soldier.
Redemptionist (n.) A monk of an order founded in 1197; -- so called because the order was especially devoted to the redemption of Christians held in captivity by the Mohammedans. Called also Trinitarian.
Redoubt (n.) A small, and usually a roughly constructed, fort or outwork of varying shape, commonly erected for a temporary purpose, and without flanking defenses, -- used esp. in fortifying tops of hills and passes, and positions in hostile territory.
Redoubtable (a.) Formidable; dread; terrible to foes; as, a redoubtable hero; hence, valiant; -- often in contempt or burlesque.
Refracted (a.) Bent backward angularly, as if half-broken; as, a refracted stem or leaf.
Refraction (n.) The change in the direction of a ray of light, and, consequently, in the apparent position of a heavenly body from which it emanates, arising from its passage through the earth's atmosphere; -- hence distinguished as atmospheric refraction, or astronomical refraction.
Refractory (a.) Resisting ordinary treatment; difficult of fusion, reduction, or the like; -- said especially of metals and the like, which do not readily yield to heat, or to the hammer; as, a refractory ore.
Reparation (n.) The act of renewing, restoring, etc., or the state of being renewed or repaired; as, the reparation of a bridge or of a highway; -- in this sense, repair is oftener used.
Reptant (a.) Creeping; crawling; -- said of reptiles, worms, etc.
Respectant (a.) Placed so as to face one another; -- said of animals.
Retractor (n.) In breech-loading firearms, a device for withdrawing a cartridge shell from the barrel.
Revolution (n.) The motion of any body, as a planet or satellite, in a curved Revolution (n.) The motion of a point, line, or surface about a point or Ribwort (n.) A species of plantain (Plantago lanceolata) with long, narrow, ribbed leaves; -- called also rib grass, ripple grass, ribwort plantain. Rice (n.) A well-known cereal grass (Oryza sativa) and its seed. This plant is extensively cultivated in warm climates, and the grain forms a large portion of the food of the inhabitants. In America it grows chiefly on low, moist land, which can be overflowed.
Rigidity (n.) The quality or state of being rigid; want of pliability; the quality of resisting change of form; the amount of resistance with which a body opposes change of form; -- opposed to flexibility, ductility, malleability, and softness.
Robinet (n.) The chaffinch; -- called also roberd.
Rosulate (a.) Arranged in little roselike clusters; -- said of leaves and bracts.
Rousant (a.) Rising; -- applied to a bird in the attitude of rising; also, sometmes, to a bird in profile with wings addorsed.
Roussette (n.) Any small shark of the genus Scyllium; -- called also dogfish. See Dogfish.
Rumination (n.) The regurgitation of food from the stomach after it has been swallowed, -- occasionally observed as a morbid phenomenon in man.
Sackbut (n.) A brass wind instrument, like a bass trumpet, so contrived that it can be lengthened or shortened according to the tone required; -- said to be the same as the trombone.
Sagenitic (a.) Resembling sagenite; -- applied to quartz when containing acicular crystals of other minerals, most commonly rutile, also tourmaline, actinolite, and the like.
Salient (v. i.) Projecting outwardly; as, a salient angle; -- opposed to reentering. See Illust. of Bastion.
Saltant (v.) In a leaping position; springing forward; -- applied especially to the squirrel, weasel, and rat, also to the cat, greyhound, monkey, etc.
Salutatorian (n.) The student who pronounces the salutatory oration at the annual Commencement or like exercises of a college, -- an honor commonly assigned to that member of the graduating class who ranks second in scholarship.
Salutatory (a.) Containing or expressing salutations; speaking a welcome; greeting; -- applied especially to the oration which introduces the exercises of the Commencements, or similar public exhibitions, in American colleges.
Sapient (a.) Wise; sage; discerning; -- often in irony or contempt.
Saturated (a.) Having its affinity satisfied; combined with all it can hold; -- said of certain atoms, radicals, or compounds; thus, methane is a saturated compound. Contrasted with unsaturated.
Saturation (n.) Freedom from mixture or dilution with white; purity; -- said of colors.
Sawtooth (n.) An arctic seal (Lobodon carcinophaga), having the molars serrated; -- called also crab-eating seal.
Scaphite (n.) Any fossil cephalopod shell of the genus Scaphites, belonging to the Ammonite family and having a chambered boat-shaped shell. Scaphites are found in the Cretaceous formation.
Scarlet (n.) A deep bright red tinged with orange or yellow, -- of many tints and shades; a vivid or bright red color.
Sclerotic (a.) Hard; firm; indurated; -- applied especially in anatomy to the firm outer coat of the eyeball, which is often cartilaginous and sometimes bony.
Segmentation (n.) The act or process of dividing into segments; specifically (Biol.), a self-division into segments as a result of growth; cell cleavage; cell multiplication; endogenous cell formation.
Selenate (n.) A salt of selenic acid; -- formerly called also seleniate. Selenium (n.) A nonmetallic element of the sulphur group, and analogous to sulphur in its compounds. It is found in small quantities with sulphur and some sulphur ores, and obtained in the free state as a dark reddish powder or crystalSententiary (n.) One who read lectures, or commented, on the Sentences of Peter Lombard, Bishop of Paris (1159-1160), a school divine.
Separate (p. a.) Divided from another or others; disjoined; disconnected; separated; -- said of things once connected.
Separate (p. a.) Unconnected; not united or associated; distinct; -- said of things that have not been connected.
Septette (n.) A musical composition for seven instruments or seven voices; -- called also septuor.
Sequester (v. t.) To cause to retire or withdraw into obscurity; to seclude; to withdraw; -- often used reflexively.
Serpent (n.) A bass wind instrument, of a loud and coarse tone, formerly much used in military bands, and sometimes introduced into the orchestra; -- so called from its form.
Serpentarius (n.) A constellation on the equator, lying between Scorpio and Hercules; -- called also Ophiuchus.
Serpentine (n.) A mineral or rock consisting chiefly of the hydrous silicate of magnesia. It is usually of an obscure green color, often with a spotted or mottled appearance resembling a serpent's skin. Precious, or noble, serpentine is translucent and of a rich oil-green color.
Sextant (n.) An instrument for measuring angular distances between objects, -- used esp. at sea, for ascertaining the latitude and longitude. It is constructed on the same optical principle as Hadley's quadrant, but usually of metal, with a nicer graduation, telescopic sight, and its arc the sixth, and sometimes the third, part of a circle. See Quadrant.
Sforzato (a.) Forcing or forced; -- a direction placed over a note, to signify that it must be executed with peculiar emphasis and force; -- marked fz (an abbreviation of forzando), sf, sfz, or /.
Shafiite (n.) A member of one of the four sects of the Sunnites, or Orthodox Mohammedans; -- so called from its founder, Mohammed al-Shafei.
Sherbet (n.) A preparation of bicarbonate of soda, tartaric acid, sugar, etc., variously flavored, for making an effervescing drink; -- called also sherbet powder.
Siderated (a.) Planet-struck; blasted.
Sideration (n.) The state of being siderated, or planet-struck; esp., blast in plants; also, a sudden and apparently causeless stroke of disease, as in apoplexy or paralysis.
Siderite (n.) An indigo-blue variety of quartz.
Sifilet (n.) The six-shafted bird of paradise. See Paradise bird, under Paradise.
Similiter (n.) The technical name of the form by which either party, in pleading, accepts the issue tendered by his opponent; -- called sometimes a joinder in issue.
Simulation (n.) The act of simulating, or assuming an appearance which is feigned, or not true; -- distinguished from dissimulation, which disguises or conceals what is true.
Singlet (n.) An unlined or undyed waistcoat; a single garment; -- opposed to doublet.
Sirvente (n.) A peculiar species of poetry, for the most part devoted to moral and religious topics, and commonly satirical, -- often used by the troubadours of the Middle Ages.
Sixtieth (a.) Next in order after the fifty-ninth.
Sixtieth (n.) The next in order after the fifty-ninth; the tenth after the fiftieth.
Smaltite (n.) A tin-white or gray mineral of metallic luster. It is an arsenide of cobalt, nickel, and iron. Called also speiskobalt.
Smicket (n.) A woman's under-garment; a smock.
Snakestone (n.) An ammonite; -- so called from its form, which resembles that of a coiled snake.
Solicit (v. t.) To disturb; to disquiet; -- a Latinism rarely used.
Solicitor (n.) An attorney or advocate; one who represents another in court; -- formerly, in English practice, the professional designation of a person admitted to practice in a court of chancery or equity. See the Note under Attorney.
Solidity (n.) The state or quality of being solid; density; consistency, -- opposed to fluidity; compactness; fullness of matter, -- opposed to openness or hollowness; strength; soundness, -- opposed to weakness or instability; the primary quality or affection of matter by which its particles exclude or resist all others; hardness; massiveness.
Solidity (n.) Moral firmness; soundness; strength; validity; truth; certainty; -- as opposed to weakness or fallaciousness; as, the solidity of arguments or reasoning; the solidity of principles, triuths, or opinions.
Sorrento work () Ornamental work, mostly carved in olivewood, decorated with inlay, made at or near Sorrento, Italy. Hence, more rarely, jig-saw work and the like done anywhere.
Spectatrix (n.) A female beholder or looker-on.
Speight (n.) A woodpecker; -- called also specht, spekt, spight.
Spermatogenous (a.) Sperm-producing.
Spermatophorous (a.) Producing seed, or sperm; seminiferous; as, the so-called spermatophorous cells.
Spermatozoid (n.) The male germ cell in animals and plants, the essential element in fertilization; a microscopic animalcule-like particle, usually provided with one or more cilia by which it is capable of active motion. In animals, the familiar type is that of a small, more or less ovoid head, with a delicate threadlike cilium, or tail. Called also spermatozoon. In plants the more usual term is antherozoid.
Spiccato (a.) Detached; separated; -- a term indicating that every note is to be performed in a distinct and pointed manner.
Spirant (n.) A term used differently by different authorities; -- by some as equivalent to fricative, -- that is, as including all the continuous consonants, except the nasals m, n, ng; with the further exception, by others, of the liquids r, l, and the semivowels w, y; by others limited to f, v, th surd and sonant, and the sound of German ch, -- thus excluding the sibilants, as well as the nasals, liquids, and semivowels. See Guide to Pronunciation, // 197-208.
Staccato (a.) Disconnected; separated; distinct; -- a direction to perform the notes of a passage in a short, distinct, and pointed manner. It is opposed to legato, and often indicated by heavy accents written over or under the notes, or by dots when the performance is to be less distinct and emphatic.
Stannite (n.) A mineral of a steel-gray or iron-black color; tin pyrites. It is a sulphide of tin, copper, and iron.
Statuette (n.) A small statue; -- usually applied to a figure much less than life size, especially when of marble or bronze, or of plaster or clay as a preparation for the marble or bronze, as distinguished from a figure in terra cotta or the like. Cf. Figurine.
Stenostome (a.) Having a small or narrow mouth; -- said of certain small ground snakes (Opoterodonta), which are unable to dilate their jaws.
Stereotype (n.) A plate forming an exact faximile of a page of type or of an engraving, used in printing books, etc.; specifically, a plate with type-metal face, used for printing.
Stibnite (n.) A mineral of a lead-gray color and brilliant metallic luster, occurring in prismatic crystals; sulphide of antimony; -- called also antimony glance, and gray antimony.
Stigmatic (n.) A person bearing the wounds on the hands and feet resembling those of Jesus Christ caused by His crucifixion; -- for true stigmantics the wounds are supposed to have been caused miraculously, as a sign of great holiness.
Stinkstone (n.) One of the varieties of calcite, barite, and feldspar, which emit a fetid odor on being struck; -- called also swinestone.
Strength (n.) Power to resist force; solidity or toughness; the quality of bodies by which they endure the application of force without breaking or yielding; -- in this sense opposed to frangibility; as, the strength of a bone, of a beam, of a wall, a rope, and the like.
Strength (n.) Vigor or style; force of expression; nervous diction; -- said of literary work.
Strength (n.) Intensity; -- said of light or color.
Strength (n.) Intensity or degree of the distinguishing and essential element; spirit; virtue; excellence; -- said of liquors, solutions, etc.; as, the strength of wine or of acids.
Subcontrary (a.) Having, or being in, a contrary order; -- said of a section of an oblique cone having a circular base made by a plane not parallel to the base, but so inclined to the axis that the section is a circle; applied also to two similar triangles when so placed as to have a common angle at the vertex, the opposite sides not being parallel.
Subglottic (a.) Situated below the glottis; -- applied to that part of the cavity of the larynx below the true vocal cords.
Subulated (a.) Very narrow, and tapering gradually to a fine point from a broadish base; awl-shaped; linear.
Suggestion (n.) The act or power of originating or recalling ideas or relations, distinguished as original and relative; -- a term much used by Scottish metaphysicians from Hutcherson to Thomas Brown.
Surfeit (v. t.) To feed so as to oppress the stomach and derange the function of the system; to overfeed, and produce satiety, sickness, or uneasiness; -- often reflexive; as, to surfeit one's self with sweets. Surfman (n.) One who serves in a surfboat in the life-saving service.
Suspect (a.) One who, or that which, is suspected; an object of suspicion; -- formerly applied to persons and things; now, only to persons suspected of crime.
Suspect (v. t.) To imagine to exist; to have a slight or vague opinion of the existence of, without proof, and often upon weak evidence or no evidence; to mistrust; to surmise; -- commonly used regarding something unfavorable, hurtful, or wrong; as, to suspect the presence of disease.
Sustaltic (a.) Mournful; -- said of a species of music among the ancient Greeks.
Swallet (n.) Water breaking in upon the miners at their work; -- so called among tin miners.
Synthetical (a.) Comprising within itself structural or other characters which are usually found only in two or more diverse groups; -- said of species, genera, and higher groups. See the Note under Comprehensive, 3.
Tabaret (n.) A stout silk having satin stripes, -- used for furniture.
Taborite (n.) One of certain Bohemian reformers who suffered persecution in the fifteenth century; -- so called from Tabor, a hill or fortress where they encamped during a part of their struggles.
Talipot (n.) A beautiful tropical palm tree (Corypha umbraculifera), a native of Ceylon and the Malabar coast. It has a trunk sixty or seventy feet high, bearing a crown of gigantic fan-shaped leaves which are used as umbrellas and as fans in ceremonial processions, and, when cut into strips, as a substitute for writing paper.
Tangent (a.) meeting a curve or surface at a point and having at that point the same direction as the curve or surface; -- said of a straight line, curve, or surface; as, a Tegmentum (n.) A covering; -- applied especially to the bundles of longitudinal fibers in the upper part of the crura of the cerebrum.
Tegulated (a.) Composed of small plates, as of horn or metal, overlapping like tiles; -- said of a kind of ancient armor. Teil (n.) The lime tree, or linden; -- called also teil tree.
Tenacity (n.) That quality of bodies which keeps them from parting without considerable force; cohesiveness; the effect of attraction; -- as distinguished from brittleness, fragility, mobility, etc.
Tenacity (n.) The greatest longitudinal stress a substance can bear without tearing asunder, -- usually expressed with reference to a unit area of the cross section of the substance, as the number of pounds per square inch, or kilograms per square centimeter, necessary to produce rupture.
Tennantite (n.) A blackish lead-gray mineral, closely related to tetrahedrite. It is essentially a sulphide of arsenic and copper. Tenrec (n.) A small insectivore (Centetes ecaudatus), native of Madagascar, but introduced also into the islands of Bourbon and Mauritius; -- called also tanrec. The name is applied to other allied genera. See Tendrac.
Terephthalic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a dibasic acid of the aromatic series, metameric with phthalic acid, and obtained, as a tasteless white crystalTetrastyle (a.) Having four columns in front; -- said of a temple, portico, or colonnade.
Thaumaturgus (n.) A miracle worker; -- a title given by the Roman Catholics to some saints.
Thermetograph (n.) A self-registering thermometer, especially one that registers the maximum and minimum during long periods.
Touchstone (n.) Lydian stone; basanite; -- so called because used to test the purity of gold and silver by the streak which is left upon the stone when it is rubbed by the metal. See Basanite.
Trachytoid (a.) Resembling trachyte; -- used to define the structure of certain rocks.
Transit (n.) An instrument resembling a theodolite, used by surveyors and engineers; -- called also transit compass, and surveyor's transit.
Travesty (a.) Disguised by dress so as to be ridiculous; travestied; -- applied to a book or shorter composition.
Tricentenary (n.) A period of three centuries, or three hundred years, also, the three-hundredth anniversary of any event; a tercentenary.
Trichotomous (a.) Divided into three parts, or into threes; three-forked; as, a trichotomous stem.
Tricostate (a.) Three-ribbed; having three ribs from the base.
Trident (n.) A kind of scepter or spear with three prongs, -- the common attribute of Neptune.
Trident (n.) A three-pronged spear or goad, used for urging horses; also, the weapon used by one class of gladiators.
Trident (n.) A three-pronged fish spear.
Tridentated (a.) Having three teeth; three-toothed.
Trigastric (a.) Having three bellies; -- said of a muscle.
Trinket (n.) A three-cornered sail formerly carried on a ship's foremast, probably on a lateen yard.
Triparted (a.) Parted into three piece; having three parts or pieces; -- said of the field or of a bearing; as, a cross triparted.
Tripartient (a.) Dividing into three parts; -- said of a number which exactly divides another into three parts.
Trisected (a.) Divided into three parts or segments by incisions extending to the midrib or to the base; -- said of leaves.
Trisoctahedron (n.) A solid of the isometric system bounded by twenty-four equal faces, three corresponding to each face of an octahedron.
Trochite (n.) A wheel-like joint of the stem of a fossil crinoid.
Trumpeter (n.) Any one of several species of long-legged South American birds of the genus Psophia, especially P. crepitans, which is abundant, and often domesticated and kept with other poultry by the natives. They are allied to the cranes. So called from their loud cry. Called also agami, and yakamik.
Trumpetwood (n.) A tropical American tree (Cecropia peltata) of the Breadfruit family, having hollow stems, which are used for wind instruments; -- called also snakewood, and trumpet tree.
Truncated (a.) Lacking the apex; -- said of certain spiral shells in which the apex naturally drops off.
Tunicated (a.) Having each joint buried in the preceding funnel-shaped one, as in certain antennae of insects.
Unalist (n.) An ecclesiastical who holds but one benefice; -- distinguished from pluralist.
Unbegotten (a.) Not begot; not yet generated; also, having never been generated; self-existent; eternal.
Uncreate (a.) Uncreated; self-existent.
Uncreated (a.) Not existing by creation; self-existent; eternal; as, God is an uncreated being.
Undulation (n.) The pulsation caused by the vibrating together of two tones not quite in unison; -- called also beat.
Undwelt (a.) Not lived (in); -- with in.
Unicostate (a.) Having a single rib or strong nerve running upward from the base; -- said of a leaf.
Uniseptate (a.) Having but one septum, or partition; -- said of two-celled fruits, such as the silicles of cruciferous plants.
Unstratified (a.) Not stratified; -- applied to massive rocks, as granite, porphyry, etc., and also to deposits of loose material, as the glacial till, which occur in masses without layers or strata.
Urogastric (a.) Behind the stomach; -- said of two lobes of the carapace of certain crustaceans.
Urtication (n.) The act or process of whipping or stinging with nettles; -- sometimes used in the treatment of paralysis.
Usucaption (n.) The acquisition of the title or right to property by the uninterrupted possession of it for a certain term prescribed by law; -- the same as prescription in common law.
Usurpation (n.) The act of usurping, or of seizing and enjoying; an authorized, arbitrary assumption and exercise of power, especially an infringing on the rights of others; specifically, the illegal seizure of sovereign power; -- commonly used with of, also used with on or upon; as, the usurpation of a throne; the usurpation of the supreme power.
Vacuist (n.) One who holds the doctrine that the space between the bodies of the universe, or the molecules and atoms of matter., is a vacuum; -- opposed to plenist.
Vilayet (n.) One of the chief administrative divisions or provinces of the Ottoman Empire; -- formerly called eyalet.
Volborthite (n.) A mineral occurring in small six-sided tabular crystals of a green or yellow color. It is a hydrous vanadate of copper and lime.
Voltzite (n.) An oxysulphide of lead occurring in implanted spherical globules of a yellowish or brownish color; -- called also voltzine.
Warmouth (n.) An American freshwater bream, or sunfish (Chaenobryttus gulosus); -- called also red-eyed bream.
Wattmeter (n.) An instrument for measuring power in watts, -- much used in measuring the energy of an electric current.
Webfoot (n.) Any web-footed bird. Wedge (n.) The person whose name stands lowest on the list of the classical tripos; -- so called after a person (Wedgewood) who occupied this position on the first list of 1828.
Wentletrap (n.) Any one of numerous species of elegant, usually white, marine shells of the genus Scalaria, especially Scalaria pretiosa, which was formerly highly valued; -- called also staircase shell. See Scalaria.
Whereat (adv.) At which; upon which; whereupon; -- used relatively.
Whereat (adv.) At what; -- used interrogatively; as, whereat are you offended?
Without (conj.) Unless; except; -- introducing a clause.
Xerophthalmia (n.) An abnormal dryness of the eyeball produced usually by long-continued inflammation and subsequent atrophy of the conjunctiva.
Xiphisternum (n.) The posterior segment, or extremity, of the sternum; -- sometimes called metasternum, ensiform cartilage, ensiform process, or xiphoid process.
Yellowtail (n.) Any one of several species of marine carangoid fishes of the genus Seriola; especially, the large California species (S. dorsalis) which sometimes weighs thirty or forty pounds, and is highly esteemed as a food fish; -- called also cavasina, and white salmon.
Yokelet (n.) A small farm; -- so called as requiring but one yoke of oxen to till it.
Zaratite (n.) A hydrous carbonate of nickel occurring as an emerald-green incrustation on chromite; -- called also emerald nickel.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken
, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".