Words whose 8th letter is E
Abandoned (a.) Self-abandoned, or given up to vice; extremely wicked, or sinning without restraint; irreclaimably wicked ; as, an abandoned villain.
Abdicate (v. t.) To renounce; to relinquish; -- said of authority, a trust, duty, right, etc.
Abiogenesis (n.) The supposed origination of living organisms from lifeless matter; such genesis as does not involve the action of living parents; spontaneous generation; -- called also abiogeny, and opposed to biogenesis.
Ablative (a.) Applied to one of the cases of the noun in Latin and some other languages, -- the fundamental meaning of the case being removal, separation, or taking away.
Abortive (v.) Made from the skin of a still-born animal; as, abortive vellum.
Abrogate (v. t.) To annul by an authoritative act; to abolish by the authority of the maker or his successor; to repeal; -- applied to the repeal of laws, decrees, ordinances, the abolition of customs, etc.
Absentness (n.) The quality of being absent-minded.
Absolute (a.) Viewed apart from modifying influences or without comparison with other objects; actual; real; -- opposed to relative and comparative; as, absolute motion; absolute time or space.
Absolute (a.) Loosed from, or unconnected by, dependence on any other being; self-existent; self-sufficing.
Absolute (a.) Capable of being thought or conceived by itself alone; unconditioned; non-relative.
Additive (a.) Proper to be added; positive; -- opposed to subtractive.
Adjustment (n.) Settlement of claims; an equitable arrangement of conflicting claims, as in set-off, contribution, exoneration, subrogation, and marshaling.
Adolescence (n.) The state of growing up from childhood to manhood or womanhood; youth, or the period of life between puberty and maturity, generally considered to be, in the male sex, from fourteen to twenty-one. Sometimes used with reference to the lower animals.
Aggrieve (v. t.) To give pain or sorrow to; to afflict; hence, to oppress or injure in one's rights; to bear heavily upon; -- now commonly used in the passive TO be aggrieved.
Aiguille (n.) A needle-shaped peak.
Alabaster (n.) A box or vessel for holding odoriferous ointments, etc.; -- so called from the stone of which it was originally made.
Albugineous (a.) Of the nature of, or resembling, the white of the eye, or of an egg; albuminous; -- a term applied to textures, humors, etc., which are perfectly white.
Aleurone (n.) An albuminoid substance which occurs in minute grains ("protein granules") in maturing seeds and tubers; -- supposed to be a modification of protoplasm.
Alisanders (n.) A name given to two species of the genus Smyrnium, formerly cultivated and used as celery now is; -- called also horse parsely.
Alienate (a.) Estranged; withdrawn in affection; foreign; -- with from.
Alienate (v. t.) To withdraw, as the affections; to make indifferent of averse, where love or friendship before subsisted; to estrange; to wean; -- with from.
Ampelite (n.) An earth abounding in pyrites, used by the ancients to kill insects, etc., on vines; -- applied by Brongniart to a carbonaceous alum schist.
Amphicoelous (a.) Having both ends concave; biconcave; -- said of vertebrae.
Analcime (n.) A white or flesh-red mineral, of the zeolite family, occurring in isometric crystals. By friction, it acquires a weak electricity; hence its name.
Anastate (n.) One of a series of substances formed, in secreting cells, by constructive or anabolic processes, in the production of protoplasm; -- opposed to katastate.
Animadvert (v. i.) To take notice; to observe; -- commonly followed by that.
Animadvert (v. i.) To consider or remark by way of criticism or censure; to express censure; -- with on or upon.
Annotate (v. i.) To make notes or comments; -- with on or upon.
Antidote (n.) A remedy to counteract the effects of poison, or of anything noxious taken into the stomach; -- used with against, for, or to; as, an antidote against, for, or to, poison.
Antozone (n.) A compound formerly supposed to be modification of oxygen, but now known to be hydrogen dioxide; -- so called because apparently antagonistic to ozone, converting it into ordinary oxygen.
Aperture (n.) The diameter of the exposed part of the object glass of a telescope or other optical instrument; as, a telescope of four-inch aperture.
Aphanite (n.) A very compact, dark-colored /ock, consisting of hornblende, or pyroxene, and feldspar, but neither of them in perceptible grains.
Apophyge (n.) The small hollow curvature given to the top or bottom of the shaft of a column where it expands to meet the edge of the fillet; -- called also the scape.
Aposiopesis (n.) A figure of speech in which the speaker breaks off suddenly, as if unwilling or unable to state what was in his mind; as, "I declare to you that his conduct -- but I can not speak of that, here."
Appellee (n.) The defendant in an appeal; -- opposed to appellant.
Appellee (n.) The person who is appealed against, or accused of crime; -- opposed to appellor.
Apposite (a.) Very applicable; well adapted; suitable or fit; relevant; pat; -- followed by to; as, this argument is very apposite to the case.
Aquiline (a.) Curving; hooked; prominent, like the beak of an eagle; -- applied particularly to the nose
Archiater (n.) Chief physician; -- a term applied, on the continent of Europe, to the first or body physician of princes and to the first physician of some cities.
Archwise (adv.) Arch-shaped.
Aristotelian (a.) Of or pertaining to Aristotle, the famous Greek philosopher (384-322 b. c.).
Armature (n.) A piece of soft iron used to connect the two poles of a magnet, or electro-magnet, in order to complete the circuit, or to receive and apply the magnetic force. In the ordinary horseshoe magnet, it serves to prevent the dissipation of the magnetic force.
Arsenide (n.) A compound of arsenic with a metal, or positive element or radical; -- formerly called arseniuret.
Asteridea (n. pl.) A class of Echinodermata including the true starfishes. The rays vary in number and always have ambulacral grooves below. The body is star-shaped or pentagonal.
Astringent (a.) Drawing together the tissues; binding; contracting; -- opposed to laxative; as, astringent medicines; a butter and astringent taste; astringent fruit.
Astroite (n.) A radiated stone or fossil; star-stone.
Atmosphere (n.) The whole mass of aeriform fluid surrounding the earth; -- applied also to the gaseous envelope of any celestial orb, or other body; as, the atmosphere of Mars.
Autogeneal (a.) Self-produced; autogenous.
Autogenetic (a.) Relating to autogenesis; self-generated.
Axminster (n.) An Axminster carpet, an imitation Turkey carpet, noted for its thick and soft pile; -- so called from Axminster, Eng.
Bailable (a.) Having the right or privilege of being admitted to bail, upon bond with sureties; -- used of persons.
Barbecue (n.) A floor, on which coffee beans are sun-dried.
Bargainer (n.) One who makes a bargain; -- sometimes in the sense of bargainor.
Barnacle (sing.) Spectacles; -- so called from their resemblance to the barnacles used by farriers.
Barouche (n.) A four-wheeled carriage, with a falling top, a seat on the outside for the driver, and two double seats on the inside arranged so that the sitters on the front seat face those on the back seat.
Barrelled (a.) Having a barrel; -- used in composition; as, a double-barreled gun.
Bedplate (n.) The foundation framing or piece, by which the other parts are supported and held in place; the bed; -- called also baseplate and soleplate.
Beetlehead (n.) The black-bellied plover, or bullhead (Squatarola helvetica). See Plover.
Benefiter (n.) One who confers a benefit; -- also, one who receives a benefit.
Bethlehem (n.) A hospital for lunatics; -- corrupted into bedlam.
Betterment (n.) An improvement of an estate which renders it better than mere repairing would do; -- generally used in the plural.
Beverage (v. t.) Liquid for drinking; drink; -- usually applied to drink artificially prepared and of an agreeable flavor; as, an intoxicating beverage.
Bleareyedness (n.) The state of being blear-eyed.
Blowtube (n.) A long wrought iron tube, on the end of which the workman gathers a quantity of "metal" (melted glass), and through which he blows to expand or shape it; -- called also blowing tube, and blowpipe.
Bobwhite (n.) The common quail of North America (Colinus, or Ortyx, Virginianus); -- so called from its note.
Bogsucker (n.) The American woodcock; -- so called from its feeding among the bogs.
Bolometer (n.) An instrument for measuring minute quantities of radiant heat, especially in different parts of the spectrum; -- called also actinic balance, thermic balance.
Bongrace (n.) A projecting bonnet or shade to protect the complexion; also, a wide-brimmed hat.
Bottlehead (n.) A cetacean allied to the grampus; -- called also bottle-nosed whale.
Brachycephalous (a.) Having the skull short in proportion to its breadth; shortheaded; -- in distinction from dolichocephalic.
Brassage (n.) A sum formerly levied to pay the expense of coinage; -- now called seigniorage.
Bridgehead (n.) A fortification commanding the extremity of a bridge nearest the enemy, to insure the preservation and usefulness of the bridge, and prevent the enemy from crossing; a tete-de-pont.
Brinjaree (n.) A rough-haired East Indian variety of the greyhound.
Bromlife (n.) A carbonate of baryta and lime, intermediate between witherite and strontianite; -- called also alstonite.
Brookweed (n.) A small white-flowered herb (Samolus Valerandi) found usually in wet places; water pimpernel.
Buccaneer (n.) A robber upon the sea; a pirate; -- a term applied especially to the piratical adventurers who made depredations on the Spaniards in America in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Bufonite (n.) An old name for a fossil consisting of the petrified teeth and palatal bones of fishes belonging to the family of Pycnodonts (thick teeth), whose remains occur in the oolite and chalk formations; toadstone; -- so named from a notion that it was originally formed in the head of a toad.
Bulldoze (v. t.) To intimidate; to restrain or coerce by intimidation or violence; -- used originally of the intimidation of negro voters, in Louisiana.
Bumblebee (n.) A large bee of the genus Bombus, sometimes called humblebee; -- so named from its sound.
Caboodle (n.) The whole collection; the entire quantity or number; -- usually in the phrase the whole caboodle.
Cabriolet (n.) A one-horse carriage with two seats and a calash top.
Calotype (n.) A method of taking photographic pictures, on paper sensitized with iodide of silver; -- also called Talbotype, from the inventor, Mr. Fox. Talbot.
Camberkeeled (a.) Having the keel arched upwards, but not actually hogged; -- said of a ship.
Cancelier (v. i.) To turn in flight; -- said of a hawk.
Capellmeister (n.) The musical director in royal or ducal chapel; a choir-master.
Capstone (n.) A fossil echinus of the genus Cannulus; -- so called from its supposed resemblance to a cap.
Carucate (n.) A plowland; as much land as one team can plow in a year and a day; -- by some said to be about 100 acres.
Cassiopeia (n.) A constellation of the northern hemisphere, situated between Cepheus and Perseus; -- so called in honor of the wife of Cepheus, a fabulous king of Ethiopia.
Catachrestical (a.) Belonging to, or in the manner of, a catachresis; wrested from its natural sense or form; forced; far-fetched.
Categorematic (a.) Capable of being employed by itself as a term; -- said of a word.
Caulicle (n.) A short caulis or stem, esp. the rudimentary stem seen in the embryo of seed; -- otherwise called a radicle.
Causeuse (n.) A kind of sofa for two persons. A tete-/-tete.
Chaconne (n.) An old Spanish dance in moderate three-four measure, like the Passacaglia, which is slower. Both are used by classical composers as themes for variations.
Chariotee (n.) A light, covered, four-wheeled pleasure carriage with two seats.
Chartaceous (a.) Resembling paper or parchment; of paper-like texture; papery.
Chatterer (n.) A bird of the family Ampelidae -- so called from its monotonous note. The Bohemion chatterer (Ampelis garrulus) inhabits the arctic regions of both continents. In America the cedar bird is a more common species. See Bohemian chatterer, and Cedar bird.
Chickadee (n.) A small bird, the blackcap titmouse (Parus atricapillus), of North America; -- named from its note.
Chickaree (n.) The American red squirrel (Sciurus Hudsonius); -- so called from its cry.
Chloropeptic (a.) Of or pertaining to an acid more generally called pepsin-hydrochloric acid.
Chromite (n.) A black submetallic mineral consisting of oxide of chromium and iron; -- called also chromic iron.
Chronometer (n.) A portable timekeeper, with a heavy compensation balance, and usually beating half seconds; -- intended to keep time with great accuracy for use an astronomical observations, in determining longitude, etc.
Chylaqueous (a.) Consisting of chyle much diluted with water; -- said of a liquid which forms the circulating fluid of some inferior animals.
Cincture (n.) A belt, a girdle, or something worn round the body, -- as by an ecclesiastic for confining the alb.
Cineraceous (a.) Like ashes; ash-colored; cinereous.
Clarence (n.) A close four-wheeled carriage, with one seat inside, and a seat for the driver.
Claymore (n.) A large two-handed sword used formerly by the Scottish Highlanders.
Cleavage (n.) Division into laminae, like slate, with the lamination not necessarily parallel to the plane of deposition; -- usually produced by pressure.
Clepsine (n.) A genus of fresh-water leeches, furnished with a proboscis. They feed upon mollusks and worms.
Closereefed (a.) Having all the reefs taken in; -- said of a sail. Clothes (n. pl.) Covering for the human body; dress; vestments; vesture; -- a general term for whatever covering is worn, or is made to be worn, for decency or comfort.
Cockateel (n.) An Australian parrot (Calopsitta Novae-Hollandiae); -- so called from its note.
Coelospermous (a.) Hollow-seeded; having the ventral face of the seedlike carpels incurved at the ends, as in coriander seed.
Coexistence (n.) Existence at the same time with another; -- contemporary existence.
Coincident (a.) Having coincidence; occupying the same place; contemporaneous; concurrent; -- followed by with.
Collected (a.) Self-possessed; calm; composed.
Collectedness (n.) A collected state of the mind; self-possession.
Comanches (n. pl.) A warlike, savage, and nomadic tribe of the Shoshone family of Indians, inhabiting Mexico and the adjacent parts of the United States; -- called also Paducahs. They are noted for plundering and cruelty.
Comforter (n.) The Holy Spirit, -- referring to his office of comforting believers.
Commander (n.) An officer who ranks next below a captain, -- ranking with a lieutenant colonel in the army.
Commandery (n.) A district or a manor with lands and tenements appertaining thereto, under the control of a member of an order of knights who was called a commander; -- called also a preceptory.
Commitment (n.) A warrant or order for the imprisonment of a person; -- more frequently termed a mittimus.
Complacent (a.) Self-satisfied; contented; kindly; as, a complacent temper; a complacent smile.
Complement (v. t.) The interval wanting to complete the octave; -- the fourth is the complement of the fifth, the sixth of the third.
Conceive (v. i.) To have a conception, idea, or opinion; think; -- with of.
Conclude (v. t.) To reach as an end of reasoning; to infer, as from premises; to close, as an argument, by inferring; -- sometimes followed by a dependent clause.
Conclude (v. t.) To shut off; to restrain; to limit; to estop; to bar; -- generally in the passive; as, the defendant is concluded by his own plea; a judgment concludes the introduction of further evidence argument.
Concrete (a.) Standing for an object as it exists in nature, invested with all its qualities, as distinguished from standing for an attribute of an object; -- opposed to abstract.
Concrete (a.) Applied to a specific object; special; particular; -- opposed to general. See Abstract, 3.
Concurrence (n.) A meeting of minds; agreement in opinion; union in design or act; -- implying joint approbation.
Concurrent (n.) One of the supernumerary days of the year over fifty-two complete weeks; -- so called because they concur with the solar cycle, the course of which they follow.
Congested (a.) Containing an unnatural accumulation of blood; hyperaemic; -- said of any part of the body.
Conglomerate (n.) A rock, composed or rounded fragments of stone cemented together by another mineral substance, either calcareous, siliceous, or argillaceous; pudding stone; -- opposed to agglomerate. See Breccia.
Consequential (a.) Assuming or exhibiting an air of consequence; pretending to importance; pompous; self-important; as, a consequential man. See Consequence, n., 4.
Consignee (n.) The person to whom goods or other things are consigned; a factor; -- correlative to consignor.
Converse (v. i.) To keep company; to hold intimate intercourse; to commune; -- followed by with.
Converse (v. i.) To engage in familiar colloquy; to interchange thoughts and opinions in a free, informal manner; to chat; -- followed by with before a person; by on, about, concerning, etc., before a thing.
Converse (v. i.) To have knowledge of, from long intercourse or study; -- said of things.
Convertend (n.) Any proposition which is subject to the process of conversion; -- so called in its relation to itself as converted, after which process it is termed the converse. See Converse, n. (Logic).
Copperhead (n.) A poisonous American serpent (Ancistrodon conotortrix), closely allied to the rattlesnake, but without rattles; -- called also copper-belly, and red viper.
Coquette (n.) A vain, trifling woman, who endeavors to attract admiration from a desire to gratify vanity; a flirt; -- formerly sometimes applied also to men.
Cordelier (n.) A Franciscan; -- so called in France from the girdle of knotted cord worn by all Franciscans.
Coronated (a.) Having the coronal feathers lengthened or otherwise distinguished; -- said of birds.
Coronated (a.) Girt about the spire with a row of tubercles or spines; -- said of spiral shells.
Corvette (n.) A war vessel, ranking next below a frigate, and having usually only one tier of guns; -- called in the United States navy a sloop of war.
Cracovienne (n.) A lively Polish dance, in 2-4 time.
Cramponee (a.) Having a cramp or square piece at the end; -- said of a cross so furnished.
Creature (n.) Anything created; anything not self-existent; especially, any being created with life; an animal; a man.
Creosote (n.) Wood-tar oil; an oily antiseptic liquid, of a burning smoky taste, colorless when pure, but usually colored yellow or brown by impurity or exposure. It is a complex mixture of various phenols and their ethers, and is obtained by the distillation of wood tar, especially that of beechwood.
Crocoite (n.) Lead chromate occuring in crystals of a bright hyacinth red color; -- called also red lead ore.
Crustacea (n. pl.) One of the classes of the arthropods, including lobsters and crabs; -- so called from the crustlike shell with which they are covered.
Cryolite (n.) A fluoride of sodium and aluminum, found in Greenland, in white cleavable masses; -- used as a source of soda and alumina.
Cubilose (n.) A mucilagenous secretion of certain birds found as the characteristic ingredient of edible bird's-nests.
Cuirassed (a.) Having a covering of bony plates, resembling a cuirass; -- said of certain fishes.
Cultrated (a.) Sharp-edged and pointed; shaped like a pruning knife, as the beak of certain birds.
Cupuliferous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the family of plants of which the oak and the chestnut are examples, -- trees bearing a smooth, solid nut inclosed in some kind of cup or bur; bearing, or furnished with, a cupule.
Curricle (n.) A two-wheeled chaise drawn by two horses abreast.
Cyclopaedia (n.) The circle or compass of the arts and sciences (originally, of the seven so-called liberal arts and sciences); circle of human knowledge. Hence, a work containing, in alphabetical order, information in all departments of knowledge, or on a particular department or branch; as, a cyclopedia of the physical sciences, or of mechanics. See Encyclopedia.
Cymogene (n.) A highly volatile liquid, condensed by cold and pressure from the first products of the distillation of petroleum; -- used for producing low temperatures.
Darbyite (n.) One of the Plymouth Brethren, or of a sect among them; -- so called from John N. Darby, one of the leaders of the Brethren.
Daturine (n.) Atropine; -- called also daturia and daturina.
Decimosexto (n.) A book consisting of sheets, each of which is folded into sixteen leaves; hence, indicating, more or less definitely, a size of book; -- usually written 16mo or 16?.
Decrease (n.) To grow less, -- opposed to increase; to be diminished gradually, in size, degree, number, duration, etc., or in strength, quality, or excellence; as, they days decrease in length from June to December.
Decrescendo (a. & adv.) With decreasing volume of sound; -- a direction to performers, either written upon the staff (abbreviated Dec., or Decresc.), or indicated by the sign.
Dedicatee (n.) One to whom a thing is dedicated; -- correlative to dedicator.
Delaware (n.) An American grape, with compact bunches of small, amber-colored berries, sweet and of a good flavor.
Delicate (a.) Fine or slender; minute; not coarse; -- said of a thread, or the like; as, delicate cotton.
Delicate (a.) Slight or smooth; light and yielding; -- said of texture; as, delicate lace or silk.
Delicate (a.) Soft and fair; -- said of the skin or a surface; as, a delicate cheek; a delicate complexion.
Delicate (a.) Light, or softly tinted; -- said of a color; as, a delicate blue.
Delicate (a.) Refined; gentle; scrupulous not to trespass or offend; considerate; -- said of manners, conduct, or feelings; as, delicate behavior; delicate attentions; delicate thoughtfulness.
Delicate (a.) Tender; not able to endure hardship; feeble; frail; effeminate; -- said of constitution, health, etc.; as, a delicate child; delicate health.
Depressed (a.) Concave on the upper side; -- said of a leaf whose disk is lower than the border.
Depressed (a.) Lying flat; -- said of a stem or leaf which lies close to the ground.
Depressed (a.) Having the vertical diameter shorter than the horizontal or transverse; -- said of the bodies of animals, or of parts of the bodies.
Derogate (v. t.) To annul in part; to repeal partly; to restrict; to limit the action of; -- said of a law.
Derogate (v. t.) To lessen; to detract from; to disparage; to depreciate; -- said of a person or thing.
Derogate (v. i.) To take away; to detract; to withdraw; -- usually with from.
Derogate (v. i.) To act beneath one-s rank, place, birth, or character; to degenerate.
Derringer (n.) A kind of short-barreled pocket pistol, of very large caliber, often carrying a half-ounce ball.
Despondent (a.) Marked by despondence; given to despondence; low-spirited; as, a despondent manner; a despondent prisoner.
Diallage (n.) A dark green or bronze-colored laminated variety of pyroxene, common in certain igneous rocks.
Diaspore (n.) A hydrate of alumina, often occurring in white lamellar masses with brilliant pearly luster; -- so named on account of its decrepitating when heated before the blowpipe.
Diastole (n.) The rhythmical expansion or dilatation of the heart and arteries; -- correlative to systole, or contraction.
Dictyogen (n.) A plant with net-veined leaves, and monocotyledonous embryos, belonging to the class Dictyogenae, proposed by Lindley for the orders Dioscoreaceae, Smilaceae, Trilliaceae, etc.
Diiodide (n.) A compound of a binary type containing two atoms of iodine; -- called also biniodide.
Dioptase (n.) A hydrous silicate of copper, occurring in emerald-green crystals.
Disburse (v. t.) To pay out; to expend; -- usually from a public fund or treasury.
Discalced (a.) Unshod; barefooted; -- in distinction from calced.
Disclose (v. t.) To unclose; to open; -- applied esp. to eggs in the sense of to hatch.
Disclosed (p. a.) Represented with wings expanded; -- applied to doves and other birds not of prey.
Disconvenient (a.) Not convenient or congruous; unsuitable; ill-adapted.
Discrete (a.) Separate; not coalescent; -- said of things usually coalescent.
Disgorge (v. t.) To give up unwillingly as what one has wrongfully seized and appropriated; to make restitution of; to surrender; as, he was compelled to disgorge his ill-gotten gains.
Dispense (v. t.) To exempt; to excuse; to absolve; -- with from.
Displayed (a.) With wings expanded; -- said of a bird of pray, esp. an eagle.
Dispossess (v. t.) To put out of possession; to deprive of the actual occupancy of, particularly of land or real estate; to disseize; to eject; -- usually followed by of before the thing taken away; as, to dispossess a king of his crown.
Dispossession (n.) The putting out of possession, wrongfully or otherwise, of one who is in possession of a freehold, no matter in what title; -- called also ouster.
Disseize (v. t.) To deprive of seizin or possession; to dispossess or oust wrongfully (one in freehold possession of land); -- followed by of; as, to disseize a tenant of his freehold.
Disseizee (n.) A person disseized, or put out of possession of an estate unlawfully; -- correlative to disseizor.
Dissuade (v. t.) To divert by persuasion; to turn from a purpose by reasons or motives; -- with from; as, I could not dissuade him from his purpose.
Distance (n.) Relative space, between troops in ranks, measured from front to rear; -- contrasted with interval, which is measured from right to left.
Distemper (v. t.) To deprive of temper or moderation; to disturb; to ruffle; to make disaffected, ill-humored, or malignant.
Distemper (v. t.) A morbid state of the animal system; indisposition; malady; disorder; -- at present chiefly applied to diseases of brutes; as, a distemper in dogs; the horse distemper; the horn distemper in cattle.
Disthene (n.) Cyanite or kyanite; -- so called in allusion to its unequal hardness in two different directions. See Cyanite.
Dolerite (n.) A dark-colored, basic, igneous rock, composed essentially of pyroxene and a triclinic feldspar with magnetic iron. By many authors it is considered equivalent to a coarse-grained basalt.
Dollardee (n.) A species of sunfish (Lepomis pallidus), common in the United States; -- called also blue sunfish, and copper-nosed bream.
Dormouse (n.) A small European rodent of the genus Myoxus, of several species. They live in trees and feed on nuts, acorns, etc.; -- so called because they are usually torpid in winter.
Dowitcher (n.) The red-breasted or gray snipe (Macrorhamphus griseus); -- called also brownback, and grayback.
Downcome (n.) A pipe for leading combustible gases downward from the top of the blast furnace to the hot-blast stoves, boilers, etc., where they are burned.
Ecboline (n.) An alkaloid constituting the active principle of ergot; -- so named from its power of producing abortion.
Eclogite (n.) A rock consisting of granular red garnet, light green smaragdite, and common hornblende; -- so called in reference to its beauty.
Ecostate (a.) Having no ribs or nerves; -- said of a leaf.
Eluctate (v. i.) To struggle out; -- with out.
Embattled (a.) Having the edge broken like battlements; -- said of a bearing such as a fess, bend, or the like.
Enargite (n.) An iron-black mineral of metallic luster, occurring in small orthorhombic crystals, also massive. It contains sulphur, arsenic, copper, and often silver.
Enceinte (n.) The Enmanche (a.) Resembling, or covered with, a sleeve; -- said of the chief when lines are drawn from the middle point of the upper edge upper edge to the sides.
Enneaspermous (a.) Having nine seeds; -- said of fruits.
Entireness (n.) Oneness; unity; -- applied to a condition of intimacy or close association. Entogastric (a.) Pertaining to the interior of the stomach; -- applied to a mode of budding from the interior of the gastric cavity, in certain hydroids.
Epistyle (n.) A massive piece of stone or wood laid immediately on the abacus of the capital of a column or pillar; -- now called architrave.
Equipage (n.) A carriage of state or of pleasure with all that accompanies it, as horses, liveried servants, etc., a showy turn-out.
Equivalent (a.) Equal in measure but not admitting of superposition; -- applied to magnitudes; as, a square may be equivalent to a triangle.
Escapement (n.) The contrivance in a timepiece which connects the train of wheel work with the pendulum or balance, giving to the latter the impulse by which it is kept in vibration; -- so called because it allows a tooth to escape from a pallet at each vibration.
Espauliere (n.) A defense for the shoulder, composed of flexible overlapping plates of metal, used in the 15th century; -- the origin of the modern epaulette.
Estimate (v. t.) To judge and form an opinion of the value of, from imperfect data, -- either the extrinsic (money), or intrinsic (moral), value; to fix the worth of roughly or in a general way; as, to estimate the value of goods or land; to estimate the worth or talents of a person.
Ethylene (n.) A colorless, gaseous hydrocarbon, C2H4, forming an important ingredient of illuminating gas, and also obtained by the action of concentrated sulphuric acid in alcohol. It is an unsaturated compound and combines directly with chlorine and bromine to form oily liquids (Dutch liquid), -- hence called olefiant gas. Called also ethene, elayl, and formerly, bicarbureted hydrogen.
Eulytite (n.) A mineral, consisting chiefly of the silicate of bismuth, found at Freiberg; -- called also culytine.
Euplectella (n.) A genus of elegant, glassy sponges, consisting of interwoven siliceous fibers, and growing in the form of a cornucopia; -- called also Venus's flower-basket.
Evermore (adv.) During eternity; always; forever; for an indefinite period; at all times; -- often used substantively with for.
Everyone (n.) Everybody; -- commonly separated, every one.
Evidence (n.) That which is legally submitted to competent tribunal, as a means of ascertaining the truth of any alleged matter of fact under investigation before it; means of making proof; -- the latter, strictly speaking, not being synonymous with evidence, but rather the effect of it.
Exaltate (a.) Exercising its highest influence; -- said of a planet.
Exaspidean (a.) Having the anterior scute/ extending around the tarsus on the outer side, leaving the inner side naked; -- said of certain birds.
Excambie (v. t.) To exchange; -- used with reference to transfers of land.
Exchange (n.) To part with give, or transfer to another in consideration of something received as an equivalent; -- usually followed by for before the thing received.
Exchequer (n.) One of the superior courts of law; -- so called from a checkered cloth, which covers, or formerly covered, the table. Exclamation (n.) A mark or sign by which outcry or emphatic utterance is marked; thus [!]; -- called also exclamation point.
Exoptile (n.) A name given by Lestiboudois to dicotyledons; -- so called because the plumule is naked.
Exosmose (n.) The passage of gases, vapors, or liquids thought membranes or porous media from within outward, in the phenomena of osmose; -- opposed to endosmose. See Osmose.
Experiment (v. t.) To make experiment; to operate by test or trial; -- often with on, upon, or in, referring to the subject of an experiment; with, referring to the instrument; and by, referring to the means; as, to experiment upon electricity; he experimented in plowing with ponies, or by steam power.
Extrorse (a.) Facing outwards, or away from the axis of growth; -- said esp. of anthers occupying the outer side of the filament. Eyalet (n.) Formerly, one of the administrative divisions or provinces of the Ottoman Empire; -- now called a vilayet.
Eyeleteer (n.) A small, sharp-pointed instrument used in piercing eyelet holes; a stiletto. Eyen (n.) Plural of eye; -- now obsolete, or used only in poetry.
Farctate (v. t.) Stuffed; filled solid; as, a farctate leaf, stem, or pericarp; -- opposed to tubular or hollow.
Fashioned (a.) Having a certain style or fashion; as old-fashioned; new-fashioned.
Favorite (n.) Short curls dangling over the temples; -- fashionable in the reign of Charles II.
Feathered (a.) Having feathers; -- said of an arrow, when the feathers are of a tincture different from that of the shaft.
Feminine (a.) Having the qualities of a woman; becoming or appropriate to the female sex; as, in a good sense, modest, graceful, affectionate, confiding; or, in a bad sense, weak, nerveless, timid, pleasure-loving, effeminate.
Fencible (n.) A soldier enlisted for home service only; -- usually in the pl.
Fenugreek (n.) A plant (trigonella Foenum Graecum) cultivated for its strong-smelling seeds, which are
Fieldpiece (n.) A cannon mounted on wheels, for the use of a marching army; a piece of field artillery; -- called also field gun.
Pigpecker (n.) The European garden warbler (Sylvia, / Currica, hortensis); -- called also beccafico and greater pettychaps.
Figurine (n.) A very small figure, whether human or of an animal; especially, one in terra cotta or the like; -- distinguished from statuette, which is applied to small figures in bronze, marble, etc.
Fluorine (n.) A non-metallic, gaseous element, strongly acid or negative, or associated with chlorine, bromine, and iodine, in the halogen group of which it is the first member. It always occurs combined, is very active chemically, and possesses such an avidity for most elements, and silicon especially, that it can neither be prepared nor kept in glass vessels. If set free it immediately attacks the containing material, so that it was not isolated until 1886. It is a pungent, corrosive, colorl>
Footrope (n.) The rope rigged below a yard, upon which men stand when reefing or furling; -- formerly called a horse.
Fossette (n.) A small, deep-centered ulcer of the transparent cornea.
Frankpledge (n.) A pledge or surety for the good behavior of freemen, -- each freeman who was a member of an ancient decennary, tithing, or friborg, in England, being a pledge for the good conduct of the others, for the preservation of the public peace; a free surety.
Fuchsine (n.) AniFugitive (a.) Not fixed; not durable; liable to disappear or fall away; volatile; uncertain; evanescent; liable to fade; -- applied to material and immaterial things; as, fugitive colors; a fugitive idea.
Fungibles (n. pl.) Things which may be furnished or restored in kind, as distinguished from specific things; -- called also fungible things.
Gainsome (a.) Prepossessing; well-favored.
Gallinae (n.) An order of birds, including the common domestic fowls, pheasants, grouse, quails, and allied forms; -- sometimes called Rasores.
Gamogenesis (n.) The production of offspring by the union of parents of different sexes; sexual reproduction; -- the opposite of agamogenesis.
Gannister (n.) A refractory material consisting of crushed or ground siliceous stone, mixed with fire clay; -- used for lining Bessemer converters; also used for macadamizing roads.
Gantline (n.) A Gelatine (n.) Animal jelly; glutinous material obtained from animal tissues by prolonged boiling. Specifically (Physiol. Chem.), a nitrogeneous colloid, not existing as such in the animal body, but formed by the hydrating action of boiling water on the collagen of various kinds of connective tissue (as tendons, bones, ligaments, etc.). Its distinguishing character is that of dissolving in hot water, and forming a jelly on cooling. It is an important ingredient of calf's-foot jelly, isinglass, >
Gentleness (n.) The quality or state of being gentle, well-born, mild, benevolent, docile, etc.; gentility; softness of manners, disposition, etc.; mildness.
Geranine (n.) A valuable astringent obtained from the root of the Geranium maculatum or crane's-bill.
Geranine (n.) A liquid terpene, obtained from the crane's-bill (Geranium maculatum), and having a peculiar mulberry odor.
Gladiate (a.) Sword-shaped; resembling a sword in form, as the leaf of the iris, or of the gladiolus.
Gladiole (n.) A lilylike plant, of the genus Gladiolus; -- called also corn flag.
Glasseye (n.) A fish of the great lakes; the wall-eyed pike.
Glassite (n.) A member of a Scottish sect, founded in the 18th century by John Glass, a minister of the Established Church of Scotland, who taught that justifying faith is "no more than a simple assent to the divine testimone passively recived by the understanding." The English and American adherents of this faith are called Sandemanians, after Robert Sandeman, the son-in-law and disciple of Glass.
Glonoine (n.) Same as Nitroglycerin; -- called also oil of glonoin.
Goosander (n.) A species of merganser (M. merganser) of Northern Europe and America; -- called also merganser, dundiver, sawbill, sawneb, shelduck, and sheldrake. See Merganser.
Gougeshell (n.) A sharp-edged, tubular, marine shell, of the genus Vermetus; also, the pinna. See Vermetus.
Graduated (a.) Tapered; -- said of a bird's tail when the outer feathers are shortest, and the others successively longer.
Grenadier (n.) Any marine fish of the genus Macrurus, in which the body and tail taper to a point; they mostly inhabit the deep sea; -- called also onion fish, and rat-tail fish.
Grenadier (n.) A bright-colored South African grosbeak (Pyromelana orix), having the back red and the lower parts black.
Guarantee (n.) The person to whom a guaranty is made; -- the correlative of guarantor.
Gunstome (n.) A cannon ball; -- so called because originally made of stone.
Gymnopaedic (a.) Having young that are naked when hatched; psilopaedic; -- said of certain birds.
Haidingerite (n.) A mineral consisting of the arseniate of lime; -- so named in honor of W. Haidinger, of Vienna.
Hammerhead (n.) A fresh-water fish; the stone-roller.
Hammerhead (n.) An African fruit bat (Hypsignathus monstrosus); -- so called from its large blunt nozzle. Hamulate (a.) Furnished with a small hook; hook-shaped.
Hamulate (a.) Furnished with a small hook; hook-shaped.
Handsome (superl.) Dexterous; skillful; handy; ready; convenient; -- applied to things as persons.
Handsome (superl.) Agreeable to the eye or to correct taste; having a pleasing appearance or expression; attractive; having symmetry and dignity; comely; -- expressing more than pretty, and less than beautiful; as, a handsome man or woman; a handsome garment, house, tree, horse.
Hederiferous (a.) Producing ivy; ivy-bearing.
Helicine (a.) Curled; spiral; helicoid; -- applied esp. to certain arteries of the penis.
Hematite (n.) An important ore of iron, the sesquioxide, so called because of the red color of the powder. It occurs in splendent rhombohedral crystals, and in massive and earthy forms; -- the last called red ocher. Called also specular iron, oligist iron, rhombohedral iron ore, and bloodstone. See Brown hematite, under Brown.
Hemselven (pron.) Themselves; -- used reflexively.
Heterogeneous (a.) Differing in kind; having unlike qualities; possessed of different characteristics; dissimilar; -- opposed to homogeneous, and said of two or more connected objects, or of a conglomerate mass, considered in respect to the parts of which it is made up.
Heterogenesis (n.) That method of reproduction in which the successive generations differ from each other, the parent organism producing offspring different in habit and structure from itself, the original form, however, reappearing after one or more generations; -- opposed to homogenesis, or gamogenesis.
Heteromerous (a.) Having the femoral artery developed as the principal artery of the leg; -- said of certain birds, as the cotingas and pipras.
Heteronereis (n.) A free-swimming, dimorphic, sexual form of certain species of Nereis.
Hexavalent (p. pr.) Having a valence of six; -- said of hexads.
Hippocrepian (n.) One of an order of fresh-water Bryozoa, in which the tentacles are on a lophophore, shaped like a horseshoe. See Phylactolaema.
Hirudinea (n. pl.) An order of Annelida, including the leeches; -- called also Hirudinei.
Hoemother (n.) The basking or liver shark; -- called also homer. See Liver shark, under Liver.
Hollander (n.) A very hard, semi-glazed, green or dark brown brick, which will not absorb water; -- called also, Dutch clinker.
Homocategoric (a.) Belonging to the same category of individuality; -- a morphological term applied to organisms so related.
Homoeomerous (a.) Having the main artery of the leg parallel with the sciatic nerve; -- said of certain birds.
Homogeneous (a.) Of the same kind of nature; consisting of similar parts, or of elements of the like nature; -- opposed to heterogeneous; as, homogeneous particles, elements, or principles; homogeneous bodies.
Homogenesis (n.) That method of reproduction in which the successive generations are alike, the offspring, either animal or plant, running through the same cycle of existence as the parent; gamogenesis; -- opposed to heterogenesis.
Homogenetic (a.) Homogenous; -- applied to that class of homologies which arise from similarity of structure, and which are taken as evidences of common ancestry.
Houseleek (n.) A succulent plant of the genus Sempervivum (S. tectorum), originally a native of subalpine Europe, but now found very generally on old walls and roofs. It is very tenacious of life under drought and heat; -- called also ayegreen.
Hydrothermal (a.) Of or pertaining to hot water; -- used esp. with reference to the action of heated waters in dissolving, redepositing, and otherwise producing mineral changes within the crust of the globe.
Hylobate (n.) Any species of the genus Hylobates; a gibbon, or long-armed ape. See Gibbon.
Hypernoea (n.) Abnormal breathing, due to slightly deficient arterialization of the blood; -- in distinction from eupnoea. See Eupnoea, and Dispnoea.
Hypogene (a.) Formed or crystallized at depths the earth's surface; -- said of granite, gneiss, and other rocks, whose crystallization is believed of have taken place beneath a great thickness of overlying rocks. Opposed to epigene.
Iatrochemistry (n.) Chemistry applied to, or used in, medicine; -- used especially with reference to the doctrines in the school of physicians in Flanders, in the 17th century, who held that health depends upon the proper chemical relations of the fluids of the body, and who endeavored to explain the conditions of health or disease by chemical principles.
Icequake (n.) The crash or concussion attending the breaking up of masses of ice, -- often due to contraction from extreme cold.
Imbecile (a.) Destitute of strength, whether of body or mind; feeble; impotent; esp., mentally wea; feeble-minded; as, hospitals for the imbecile and insane.
Inactive (a.) Not active; inert; esp., not exhibiting any action or activity on polarized light; optically neutral; -- said of isomeric forms of certain substances, in distinction from other forms which are optically active; as, racemic acid is an inactive tartaric acid.
Incoherent (a.) Not coherent; wanting cohesion; loose; unconnected; physically disconnected; not fixed to each; -- said of material substances.
Incomplete (a.) Wanting any of the usual floral organs; -- said of a flower.
Incompressibility (n.) The quality of being incompressible, or incapable of reduction in volume by pressure; -- formerly supposed to be a property of liquids.
Increase (v. i.) To become greater or more in size, quantity, number, degree, value, intensity, power, authority, reputation, wealth; to grow; to augment; to advance; -- opposed to decrease.
Increase (v. i.) The period of increasing light, or luminous phase; the waxing; -- said of the moon.
Increated (a.) Uncreated; self-existent.
Increscent (a.) Increasing; on the increase; -- said of the moon represented as the new moon, with the points turned toward the dexter side.
Induline (n.) A dark green amorphous dyestuff, produced by the oxidation of aniIndutive (a.) Covered; -- applied to seeds which have the usual integumentary covering.
Infinite (a.) Without limit in power, capacity, knowledge, or excellence; boundless; immeasurably or inconceivably great; perfect; as, the infinite wisdom and goodness of God; -- opposed to finite.
Infinite (a.) Greater than any assignable quantity of the same kind; -- said of certain quantities.
Infinite (a.) Capable of endless repetition; -- said of certain forms of the canon, called also perpetual fugues, so constructed that their ends lead to their beginnings, and the performance may be incessantly repeated.
Infringe (v. i.) To encroach; to trespass; -- followed by on or upon; as, to infringe upon the rights of another.
Inhabile (a.) Unskilled; unready; awkward; incompetent; unqualified; -- said of person.
Innovate (v. i.) To introduce novelties or changes; -- sometimes with in or on.
Insulated (p. a.) Situated at so great a distance as to be beyond the effect of gravitation; -- said of stars supposed to be so far apart that the affect of their mutual attraction is insensible.
Interfretted (a.) Interlaced; linked together; -- said of charges or bearings. See Fretted.
Internment (n.) Confinement within narrow limits, -- as of foreign troops, to the interior of a country.
Interoperculum (n.) The postero-inferior opercular bone, in fishes.
Interpret (v. t.) To explain or tell the meaning of; to expound; to translate orally into intelligible or familiar language or terms; to decipher; to define; -- applied esp. to language, but also to dreams, signs, conduct, mysteries, etc.; as, to interpret the Hebrew language to an Englishman; to interpret an Indian speech.
Interscendent (a.) Having exponents which are radical quantities; -- said of certain powers; as, x?2, or x?a.
Intersternal (a.) Between the sternal; -- said of certain membranes or parts of insects and crustaceans.
Intimate (a.) Innermost; inward; internal; deep-seated; hearty.
Intonate (v. i.) To sound the tones of the musical scale; to practice the sol-fa.
Introspection (n.) A view of the inside or interior; a looking inward; specifically, the act or process of self-examination, or inspection of one's own thoughts and feelings; the cognition which the mind has of its own acts and states; self-consciousness; reflection.
Introspective (a.) Inspecting within; seeing inwardly; capable of, or exercising, inspection; self-conscious.
Introspective (a.) Involving the act or results of conscious knowledge of physical phenomena; -- contrasted with associational.
Involuted (a.) Rolled inward from the edges; -- said of leaves in vernation, or of the petals of flowers in aestivation.
Involute (n.) A curve traced by the end of a string wound upon another curve, or unwound from it; -- called also evolvent. See Evolute.
Iridescence (n.) Exhibition of colors like those of the rainbow; the quality or state of being iridescent; a prismatic play of color; as, the iridescence of mother-of-pearl.
Ironsides (n. /) A cuirassier or cuirassiers; also, hardy veteran soldiers; -- applied specifically to Cromwell's cavalry.
Isodiametric (a.) Developed alike in the directions of the several lateral axes; -- said of crystals of both the tetragonal and hexagonal systems.
Isodiametric (a.) Having the several diameters nearly equal; -- said of the cells of ordinary parenchyma.
Isosceles (a.) Having two legs or sides that are equal; -- said of a triangle.
Jarosite (n.) An ocher-yellow mineral occurring on minute rhombohedral crystals. It is a hydrous sulphate of iron and potash.
Jayhawker (n.) A name given to a free-booting, unenlisted, armed man or guerrilla.
Jubilate (n.) The third Sunday after Easter; -- so called because the introit is the 66th Psalm, which, in the Latin version, begins with the words, "Jubilate Deo."
Jubilate (n.) A name of the 100th Psalm; -- so called from its opening word in the Latin version.
Juvenile (n.) A young person or youth; -- used sportively or familiarly.
Kenogenesis (n.) Modified evolution, in which nonprimitive characters make their appearance in consequence of a secondary adaptation of the embryo to the peculiar conditions of its environment; -- distinguished from palingenesis.
Keratose (n.) A tough, horny animal substance entering into the composition of the skeleton of sponges, and other invertebrates; -- called also keratode.
Kinetogenesis (n.) An instrument for producing curves by the combination of circular movements; -- called also kinescope.
Lacrosse (n.) A game of ball, originating among the North American Indians, now the popular field sport of Canada, and played also in England and the United States. Each player carries a long-handled racket, called a "crosse". The ball is not handled but caught with the crosse and carried on it, or tossed from it, the object being to carry it or throw it through one of the goals placed at opposite ends of the field.
Ladylike (a.) Like a lady in appearance or manners; well-bred.
Lammergeier (n.) A very large vulture (Gypaetus barbatus), which inhabits the mountains of Southern Europe, Asia, and Northern Africa. When full-grown it is nine or ten feet in extent of wings. It is brownish black above, with the under parts and neck rusty yellow; the forehead and crown white; the sides of the head and beard black. It feeds partly on carrion and partly on small animals, which it kills. It has the habit of carrying tortoises and marrow bones to a great height, and dropping the>
Languaged (a.) Having a language; skilled in language; -- chiefly used in composition.
Laplander (n.) A native or inhabitant of Lapland; -- called also Lapp.
Laterite (n.) An argillaceous sandstone, of a red color, and much seamed; -- found in India.
Laticiferous (a.) Containing the latex; -- applied to the tissue or tubular vessels in which the latex of the plant is found.
Laxative (a.) Having the effect of loosening or opening the intestines, and relieving from constipation; -- opposed to astringent.
Lazulite (n.) A mineral of a light indigo-blue color, occurring in small masses, or in monoclinic crystals; blue spar. It is a hydrous phosphate of alumina and magnesia.
Lepidomelane (n.) An iron-potash mica, of a raven-black color, usually found in granitic rocks in small six-sided tables, or as an aggregation of minute opaque scales. See Mica.
Levitate (v. i.) To rise, or tend to rise, as if lighter than the surrounding medium; to become buoyant; -- opposed to gravitate.
Ligulated (a.) Like a bandage, or strap; strap-shaped.
Loanable (a.) Such as can be lent; available for lending; as, loanable funds; -- used mostly in financial business and writings.
Loggerhead (n.) A very large marine turtle (Thalassochelys caretta, / caouana), common in the warmer parts of the Atlantic Ocean, from Brazil to Cape Cod; -- called also logger-headed turtle.
Logotype (n.) A single type, containing two or more letters; as, ae, Ae, /, /, /, etc. ; -- called also ligature.
Lophosteon (n.) The central keel-bearing part of the sternum in birds.
Lymphadenitis (n.) Inflammation of the lymphatic glands; -- called also lymphitis.
Macartney (n.) A fire-backed pheasant. See Fireback.
Maccabees (n. pl.) The name given later times to the Asmonaeans, a family of Jewish patriots, who headed a religious revolt in the reign of Antiochus IV., 168-161 B. C., which led to a period of freedom for Israel.
Management (v.) Judicious use of means to accomplish an end; conduct directed by art or address; skillful treatment; cunning practice; -- often in a bad sense.
Mandible (n.) The bone, or principal bone, of the lower jaw; the inferior maxilla; -- also applied to either the upper or the lower jaw in the beak of birds.
Marysole (n.) A large British fluke, or flounder (Rhombus megastoma); -- called also carter, and whiff.
Massacre (n.) To kill in considerable numbers where much resistance can not be made; to kill with indiscriminate violence, without necessity, and contrary to the usages of nations; to butcher; to slaughter; -- limited to the killing of human beings.
Mazarine (a.) Of or pertaining to Cardinal Mazarin, prime minister of France, 1643-1661.
Megapode (n.) Any one of several species of large-footed, gallinaceous birds of the genera Megapodius and Leipoa, inhabiting Australia and other Pacific islands. See Jungle fowl (b) under Jungle, and Leipoa.
Megaseme (a.) Having the orbital index relatively large; having the orbits narrow transversely; -- opposed to microseme.
Melamine (n.) A strong nitrogenous base, C3H6N6, produced from several cyanogen compounds, and obtained as a white crystalMelenite (n.) An explosive of great destructive power; -- so called from its color, which resembles honey.
Melitose (n.) A variety of sugar isomeric with sucrose, extracted from cotton seeds and from the so-called Australian manna (a secretion of certain species of Eucalyptus).
Meringue (n.) A delicate pastry made of powdered sugar and the whites of eggs whipped up, -- with jam or cream added.
Mesotype (n.) An old term covering natrolite or soda mesolite, scolecite or lime mesotype, and mesolite or lime-soda mesotype.
Mesprise (n.) Misadventure; ill-success.
Messenger (n.) A hawser passed round the capstan, and having its two ends lashed together to form an endless rope or chain; -- formerly used for heaving in the cable.
Metagenesis (n.) Alternation of sexual and asexual or gemmiparous generations; -- in distinction from heterogamy.
Micraster (n.) A genus of sea urchins, similar to Spatangus, abounding in the chalk formation; -- from the starlike disposal of the ambulacral furrows.
Mightiness (n.) Highness; excellency; -- with a possessive pronoun, a title of dignity; as, their high mightinesses.
Militate (v. i.) To make war; to fight; to contend; -- usually followed by against and with. Milksop (n.) A piece of bread sopped in milk; figuratively, an effeminate or weak-minded person.
Misrepresentation (n.) Untrue representation; false or incorrect statement or account; -- usually unfavorable to the thing represented; as, a misrepresentation of a person's motives.
Misstayed (a.) Having missed stays; -- said of a ship.
Mitigate (v. t.) To make mild and accessible; to mollify; -- applied to persons.
Monazite (n.) A mineral occurring usually in small isolated crystals, -- a phosphate of the cerium metals.
Monogenesis (n.) Oneness of origin; esp. (Biol.), development of all beings in the universe from a single cell; -- opposed to polygenesis. Called also monism.
Monogenesis (n.) The direct development of an embryo, without metamorphosis, into an organism similar to the parent organism; -- opposed to metagenesis.
Monogenetic (a.) One in genesis; resulting from one process of formation; -- used of a mountain range.
Morphine (n.) A bitter white crystalMorphogeny (n.) History of the evolution of forms; that part of ontogeny that deals with the germ history of forms; -- distinguished from physiogeny.
Murexide (n.) A crystalMurrhine (a.) Made of the stone or material called by the Romans murrha; -- applied to certain costly vases of great beauty and delicacy used by the luxurious in Rome as wine cups; as, murrhine vases, cups, vessels.
Myelencephalic (a.) Of or pertaining to the myelencephalon; cerebro-spinal.
Myelencephalon (n.) The brain and spinal cord; the cerebro-spinal axis; the neuron. Sometimes abbreviated to myelencephal.
Myrmotherine (a.) Feeding upon ants; -- said of certain birds.
Nazarene (n.) A native or inhabitant of Nazareth; -- a term of contempt applied to Christ and the early Christians.
Negative (a.) Denying; implying, containing, or asserting denial, negation or refusal; returning the answer no to an inquiry or request; refusing assent; as, a negative answer; a negative opinion; -- opposed to affirmative.
Negative (a.) Metalloidal; nonmetallic; -- contracted with positive or basic; as, the nitro group is negative.
Negatively (adv.) In the form of speech implying the absence of something; -- opposed to positively.
Nematocera (n. pl.) A suborder of dipterous insects, having long antennae, as the mosquito, gnat, and crane fly; -- called also Nemocera.
Nematogene (n.) One of the dimorphic forms of the species of Dicyemata, which produced vermiform embryos; -- opposed to rhombogene.
Neophyte (n.) A new convert or proselyte; -- a name given by the early Christians, and still given by the Roman Catholics, to such as have recently embraced the Christian faith, and been admitted to baptism, esp. to converts from heathenism or Judaism.
Nepenthe (n.) A drug used by the ancients to give relief from pain and sorrow; -- by some supposed to have been opium or hasheesh. Hence, anything soothing and comforting.
Nepenthes (n.) A genus of climbing plants found in India, Malaya, etc., which have the leaves prolonged into a kind of stout tendril terminating in a pitcherlike appendage, whence the plants are often called pitcher plants and monkey-cups. There are about thirty species, of which the best known is Nepenthes distillatoria. See Pitcher plant.
Neuroptera (n. pl.) An order of hexapod insects having two pairs of large, membranous, net-veined wings. The mouth organs are adapted for chewing. They feed upon other insects, and undergo a complete metamorphosis. The ant-lion, hellgamite, and lacewing fly are examples. Formerly, the name was given to a much more extensive group, including the true Neuroptera and the Pseudoneuroptera.
Neuroskeleton (n.) The deep-seated parts of the vertebrate skeleton which are relation with the nervous axis and locomation.
Nocturne (n.) A night piece, or serenade. The name is now used for a certain graceful and expressive form of instrumental composition, as the nocturne for orchestra in Mendelsohn's "Midsummer-Night's Dream" music.
Noncondensible (a.) Not condensible; incapable of being liquefied; -- said of gases.
Noncontent (n.) One who gives a negative vote; -- sometimes abridged into noncon. or non con.
Nonplane (a.) Not lying in one plane; -- said of certain curves.
Notchweed (n.) A foul-smelling weed, the stinking goosefoot (Chenopodium Vulvaria).
Nycthemeron (n.) The natural day and night, or space of twenty-four hours.
Nymphales (n. pl.) An extensive family of butterflies including the nymphs, the satyrs, the monarchs, the heliconias, and others; -- called also brush-footed butterflies.
Acetonaemia (n.) Alt. of -nemia
Asterope (n.) One of the Pleiades; -- called also Sterope.
Autocoherer (n.) A self-restoring coherer, as a microphonic detector.
Autogenetic (a.) Pertaining to, controlled by, or designating, a system of self-determined drainage.
Autokinetic (a.) Self-moving; moving automatically.
Autokinetic system () In fire-alarm telegraphy, a system so arranged that when one alarm is being transmitted, no other alarm, sent in from another point, will be transmitted until after the first alarm has been disposed of.
Autunite (n.) A lemon-yellow phosphate of uranium and calcium occurring in tabular crystals with basal cleavage, and in micalike scales. H., 2-2.5. Sp. gr., 3.05-3.19.
Axminster carpet () A variety of Turkey carpet, woven by machine or, when more than 27 inches wide, on a hand loom, and consisting of strips of worsted chenille so colored as to produce a pattern on a stout jute backing. It has a fine soft pile. So called from Axminster, England, where it was formerly (1755 -- 1835) made.
Axminster carpet () A similar but cheaper machine-made carpet, resembling moquette in construction and appearance, but finer and of better material.
Brickfielder (n.) Orig., at Sydney, a cold and violent south or southwest wind, rising suddenly, and regularly preceded by a hot wind from the north; -- now usually called southerly buster. It blew across the Brickfields, formerly so called, a district of Sydney, and carried clouds of dust into the city.
Ceinture (n.) A cincture, girdle, or belt; -- chiefly used in English as a dressmaking term.
Commandeer (v. t.) To compel to perform military service; to seize for military purposes; -- orig. used of the Boers.
Coquille (n.) A shell or shell-like dish or mold in which viands are served.
Cottonseed oil () A fixed, semidrying oil extracted from cottonseed. It is pale yellow when pure (sp. gr., .92-.93). and is extensively used in soap making, in cookery, and as an adulterant of other oils.
Delsarte system () A system of calisthenics patterned on the theories of Fran/ois Delsarte (1811 -- 71), a French teacher of dramatic and musical expression.
Destroyer (n.) = Torpedo-boat destroyer.
Dolerite (n.) Coarse-grained basalt.
Downcomer (n.) In some water-tube boilers, a tube larger in diameter than the water tubes to conduct the water from each top drum to a bottom drum, thus completing the circulation.
Evergreen State () Washington; -- a nickname alluding to the abundance of evergreen trees.
Figuline (a.) Suitable for the making of pottery; fictile; -- said of clay.
Figuline (a.) Made of clay, as by the potter; -- said of vessels, ornamental figures, or the like; as, figuFilioque (n.) The Latin for, "and from the Son," equivalent to et filio, inserted by the third council of Toledo (a. d. 589) in the clause qui ex Patre procedit (who proceedeth from the Father) of the Niceno-Constantinopolitan Creed (a. d. 381), which makes a creed state that the Holy Ghost proceeds from the Son as well as from the Father. Hence, the doctrine itself (not admitted by the Eastern Church).
Freewheel (v. i.) To operate like a freewheel, so that one part moves freely over another which normally moves with it; -- said of a clutch.
Gasolene, engine () A kind of internal-combustion engine; -- in British countries called usually petrol engine.
Hamfatter (n.) A low-grade actor or performer. Harvey process () A process of hardening the face of steel, as armor plates, invented by Hayward A. Harvey of New Jersey, consisting in the additional carburizing of the face of a piece of low carbon steel by subjecting it to the action of carbon under long-continued pressure at a very high heat, and then to a violent chilling, as by a spray of cold water. This process gives an armor plate a thick surface of extreme hardness supp
Headwater (n.) The source and upper part of a stream; -- commonly used in the plural; as, the headwaters of the Missouri.
Instroke (n.) An inward stroke; specif., in a steam or other engine, a stroke in which the piston is moving away from the crank shaft; -- opposed to outstroke.
Jeunesse doree () Lit., gilded youth; young people of wealth and fashion, esp. if given to prodigal living; -- in the French Revolution, applied to young men of the upper classes who aided in suppressing the Jacobins after the Reign of Terror.
Keystone State () Pennsylvania; -- a nickname alluding to its having been the central one of the 13 original United States.
Libellee (n.) The party against whom a libel has been filed; -- corresponding to defendant in a common law action.
Mavourneen (n.) My darling; -- an Irish term of endearment for a girl or woman.
Medjidieh (n.) A Turkish honorary order established in 1851 by Abdul-Mejid, having as its badge a medallion surrounded by seven silver rays and crescents. It is often conferred on foreigners.
Motorize (v. t.) To substitute motor-driven vehicles, or automobiles, for the horses and horse-drawn vehicles of (a fire department, city, etc.).
Neoimpressionism (n.) A theory or practice which is a further development, on more rigorously scientific lines, of the theory and practice of Impressionism, originated by George Seurat (1859-91), and carried on by Paul Signac (1863- -) and others. Its method is marked by the laying of pure primary colors in minute dots upon a white ground, any given Palamate (a.) Web-footed.
Palisade (n.) A Pembroke table () A style of four-legged table in vogue in England, chiefly in the later Georgian period.
Positive (a.) Designating, or pertaining to, a device giving a to-and-fro motion; as, a positive dobby.
Pressure (n.) Electro-motive force.
Provenience (n.) Origin; source; place where found or produced; provenance; -- used esp. in the fine arts and in archaeology; as, the provenience of a patera.
Pyrazine () Alt. of -zin
Quartered (a.) Quarter-sawed; -- said of timber, commonly oak. Quintroon (n.) The off-spring of an octoroon and a white person.
Rocaille (n.) The rococo system of scroll ornament, based in part on the forms of shells and water-worn rocks.
Sentence method () A method of teaching reading by giving first attention to phrases and sentences and later analyzing these into their verbal and alphabetic components; -- contrasted with alphabet and word methods.
Squeegee roller () A small India-rubber roller with a handle, used esp. in printing and photography as a squeegee.
Sundowner (n.) A tramp or vagabond in the Australian bush; -- so called from his coming to sheep stations at sunset of ask for supper and a bed, when it is too late to work; -- called also traveler and swagman (but not all swagmen are sundowners).
Volunteer navy () A navy of vessels fitted out and manned by volunteers who sail under the flag of the regular navy and subject to naval discipline. Prussia in 1870, in the Franco-German war, organized such a navy, which was commanded by merchant seamen with temporary commissions, with the claim (in which England acquiesced) that it did not come within the meaning of the term privateer.
Volunteer State () Tennessee; -- a nickname.
Obcompressed (a.) Compressed or flattened antero-posteriorly, or in a way opposite to the usual one.
Obdurate (a.) Hardened in feelings, esp. against moral or mollifying influences; unyielding; hard-hearted; stubbornly wicked.
Obsolete (a.) No longer in use; gone into disuse; disused; neglected; as, an obsolete word; an obsolete statute; -- applied chiefly to words, writings, or observances.
Obvoluted (a.) Overlapping; contorted; convolute; -- applied primarily, in botany, to two opposite leaves, each of which has one edge overlapping the nearest edge of the other, and secondarily to a circle of several leaves or petals which thus overlap.
Octameter (n.) A verse containing eight feet; as, --//Deep# in|to# the | dark#ness | peer#ing, | long# I | stood# there | wond'#ring, | fear#ing.
Octavalent (a.) Having a valence of eight; capable of being combined with, exchanged for, or compared with, eight atoms of hydrogen; -- said of certain atoms or radicals.
Ogeechee lime () The acid, olive-shaped, drupaceous fruit of a species of tupelo (Nyssa capitata) which grows in swamps in Georgia and Florida.
Omnipotent (a.) Able in every respect and for every work; unlimited in ability; all-powerful; almighty; as, the Being that can create worlds must be omnipotent.
Omniscience (n.) The quality or state of being omniscient; -- an attribute peculiar to God.
Opposite (a.) Placed over against; standing or situated over against or in front; facing; -- often with to; as, a house opposite to the Exchange.
Orangite () An orange-yellow variety of the mineral thorite, found in Norway.
Ordinate (a.) Well-ordered; orderly; regular; methodical.
Organize (v. t.) To furnish with organs; to give an organic structure to; to endow with capacity for the functions of life; as, an organized being; organized matter; -- in this sense used chiefly in the past participle.
Organize (v. t.) To arrange or constitute in parts, each having a special function, act, office, or relation; to systematize; to get into working order; -- applied to products of the human intellect, or to human institutions and undertakings, as a science, a government, an army, a war, etc.
Organogenesis (n.) The germ history of the organs and systems of organs, -- a branch of morphogeny.
Organoleptic (a.) Making an impression upon an organ; plastic; -- said of the effect or impression produced by any substance on the organs of touch, taste, or smell, and also on the organism as a whole.
Orthospermous (a.) Having the seeds straight, as in the fruits of some umbelliferous plants; -- opposed to coelospermous.
Oryctere (n.) The aard-vark.
Otaheite apple () The fruit of a Polynesian anacardiaceous tree (Spondias dulcis), also called vi-apple. It is rather larger than an apple, and the rind has a flavor of turpentine, but the flesh is said to taste like pineapples.
Ourselves (pron.) ; sing. Ourself (/). An emphasized form of the pronoun of the first person plural; -- used as a subject, usually with we; also, alone in the predicate, in the nominative or the objective case.
Ovalbumen (n.) The albumin from white of eggs; egg albumin; -- in distinction from serum albumin. See Albumin.
Overshoe (n.) A shoe that is worn over another for protection from wet or for extra warmth; esp., an India-rubber shoe; a galoche.
Overture () A composition, for a full orchestra, designed as an introduction to an oratorio, opera, or ballet, or as an independent piece; -- called in the latter case a concert overture.
Pagodite (n.) Agalmatolite; -- so called because sometimes carved by the Chinese into the form of pagodas. See Agalmatolite.
Pahoehoe (n.) A name given in the Sandwich Islands to lava having a relatively smooth surface, in distinction from the rough-surfaced lava, called a-a.
Palamedeae (n. pl.) An order, or suborder, including the kamichi, and allied South American birds; -- called also screamers. In many anatomical characters they are allied to the Anseres, but they externally resemble the wading birds.
Paleface (n.) A white person; -- an appellation supposed to have been applied to the whites by the American Indians.
Palmette (n.) A floral ornament, common in Greek and other ancient architecture; -- often called the honeysuckle ornament.
Parasite (n.) One who frequents the tables of the rich, or who lives at another's expense, and earns his welcome by flattery; a hanger-on; a toady; a sycophant.
Parasite (n.) A plant obtaining nourishment immediately from other plants to which it attaches itself, and whose juices it absorbs; -- sometimes, but erroneously, called epiphyte.
Parasphenoid (a.) Near the sphenoid bone; -- applied especially to a bone situated immediately beneath the sphenoid in the base of the skull in many animals.
Passenger (n.) A passer or passer-by; a wayfarer.
Pastille (n.) A small cone or mass made of paste of gum, benzoin, cinnamon, and other aromatics, -- used for fumigating or scenting the air of a room.
Pauhaugen (n.) The menhaden; -- called also poghaden.
Pearlaceous (a.) Resembling pearl or mother-of-pearl; pearly in quality or appearance. Pearlfish (n.) Any fish whose scales yield a pearl-like pigment used in manufacturing artificial pearls, as the bleak, and whitebait.
Pensioner (n.) In the university of Cambridge, England, one who pays for his living in commons; -- corresponding to commoner at Oxford.
Pentacle (n.) A figure composed of two equilateral triangles intersecting so as to form a six-pointed star, -- used in early ornamental art, and also with superstitious import by the astrologers and mystics of the Middle Ages.
Perichaetous (a.) Surrounded by setae; -- said of certain earthworms (genus Perichaetus).
Permeate (v. t.) To pass through the pores or interstices of; to penetrate and pass through without causing rupture or displacement; -- applied especially to fluids which pass through substances of loose texture; as, water permeates sand.
Peroxide (n.) An oxide containing more oxygen than some other oxide of the same element. Formerly peroxides were regarded as the highest oxides. Cf. Per-, 2.
Perpender (n.) A large stone reaching through a wall so as to appear on both sides of it, and acting as a binder; -- called also perbend, perpend stone, and perpent stone.
Persistent (a.) Remaining beyond the period when parts of the same kind sometimes fall off or are absorbed; permanent; as, persistent teeth or gills; a persistent calyx; -- opposed to deciduous, and caducous.
Personnel (n.) The body of persons employed in some public service, as the army, navy, etc.; -- distinguished from materiel.
Pettitoes (n. pl.) The toes or feet of a pig, -- often used as food; sometimes, in contempt, the human feet.
Phainopepla (n.) A small crested passerine bird (Phainopepla nitens), native of Mexico and the Southern United States. The adult male is of a uniform glossy blue-black; the female is brownish. Called also black flycatcher.
Philister (n.) A Philistine; -- a cant name given to townsmen by students in German universities.
Phlorone (n.) A yellow crystalPhosgene (a.) Producing, or produced by, the action of light; -- formerly used specifically to designate a gas now called carbonyl chloride. See Carbonyl.
Phryganeides (n. pl.) A tribe of neuropterous insects which includes the caddice flies; -- called also Trichoptera. See Trichoptera.
Phylactery (n.) A small square box, made either of parchment or of black calfskin, containing slips of parchment or vellum on which are written the scriptural passages Exodus xiii. 2-10, and 11-17, Deut. vi. 4-9, 13-22. They are worn by Jews on the head and left arm, on week-day mornings, during the time of prayer.
Pickmire (n.) The pewit, or black-headed gull.
Picoline (n.) Any one of three isometric bases (C6H7N) related to pyridine, and obtained from bone oil, acrolein ammonia, and coal-tar naphtha, as colorless mobile liquids of strong odor; -- called also methyl pyridine.
Pimelite (n.) An apple-green mineral having a greasy feel. It is a hydrous silicate of nickel, magnesia, aluminia, and iron.
Pinnacle (n.) An architectural member, upright, and generally ending in a small spire, -- used to finish a buttress, to constitute a part in a proportion, as where pinnacles flank a gable or spire, and the like. Pinnacles may be considered primarily as added weight, where it is necessary to resist the thrust of an arch, etc.
Pipistrelle (n.) A small European bat (Vesperugo pipistrellus); -- called also flittermouse.
Pipsissewa (n.) A low evergreen plant (Chimaphila umbellata), with narrow, wedge-lanceolate leaves, and an umbel of pretty nodding fragrant blossoms. It has been used in nephritic diseases. Called also prince's pine.
Pisolite (n.) A variety of calcite, or calcium carbonate, consisting of aggregated globular concretions about the size of a pea; -- called also peastone, peagrit.
Pitchblende (n.) A pitch-black mineral consisting chiefly of the oxide of uranium; uraninite. See Uraninite.
Placoides (n. pl.) A group of fishes including the sharks and rays; the Elasmobranchii; -- called also Placoidei.
Platycoelian (a.) Flat at the anterior and concave at the posterior end; -- said of the centra of the vertebrae of some extinct dinouaurs.
Platyptera (n. pl.) A division of Pseudoneuroptera including the species which have four broad, flat wings, as the termites, or white-ants, and the stone flies (Perla).
Pleasure (n.) The gratification of the senses or of the mind; agreeable sensations or emotions; the excitement, relish, or happiness produced by the expectation or the enjoyment of something good, delightful, or satisfying; -- opposed to pain, sorrow, etc.
Pleasure (n.) Amusement; sport; diversion; self-indulgence; frivolous or dissipating enjoyment; hence, sensual gratification; -- opposed to labor, service, duty, self-denial, etc.
Pleuroperitoneum (n.) The pleural and peritoneal membranes, or the membrane lining the body cavity and covering the surface of the inclosed viscera; the peritoneum; -- used especially in the case of those animals in which the body cavity is not divided.
Pluperfect (a.) More than perfect; past perfect; -- said of the tense which denotes that an action or event was completed at or before the time of another past action or event. Plus (a.) More, required to be added; positive, as distinguished from negative; -- opposed to minus.
Pommette (a.) Having two balls or protuberances at each end; -- said of a cross.
Populace (n.) The common people; the vulgar; the multitude, -- comprehending all persons not distinguished by rank, office, education, or profession.
Porpoise (n.) A true dolphin (Delphinus); -- often so called by sailors.
Portfire (n.) A case of strong paper filled with a composition of niter, sulphur, and mealed powder, -- used principally to ignite the priming in proving guns, and as an incendiary material in shells.
Positive (a.) Having a real position, existence, or energy; existing in fact; real; actual; -- opposed to negative.
Positive (a.) Derived from an object by itself; not dependent on changing circumstances or relations; absolute; -- opposed to relative; as, the idea of beauty is not positive, but depends on the different tastes individuals.
Positive (a.) Definitely laid down; explicitly stated; clearly expressed; -- opposed to implied; as, a positive declaration or promise.
Positive (a.) Fully assured; confident; certain; sometimes, overconfident; dogmatic; overbearing; -- said of persons.
Positive (a.) Electro-positive.
Positive (a.) Hence, basic; metallic; not acid; -- opposed to negative, and said of metals, bases, and basic radicals.
Positively (adv.) In a positive manner; absolutely; really; expressly; with certainty; indubitably; peremptorily; dogmatically; -- opposed to negatively.
Possible (a.) Capable of existing or occurring, or of being conceived or thought of; able to happen; capable of being done; not contrary to the nature of things; -- sometimes used to express extreme improbability; barely able to be, or to come to pass; as, possibly he is honest, as it is possible that Judas meant no wrong.
Poundage (n.) The sum allowed to a sheriff or other officer upon the amount realized by an execution; -- estimated in England, and formerly in the United States, at so much of the pound.
Practice (n.) Actual performance; application of knowledge; -- opposed to theory.
Practice (n.) Skillful or artful management; dexterity in contrivance or the use of means; art; stratagem; artifice; plot; -- usually in a bad sense. Pragmatical (a.) Philosophical; dealing with causes, reasons, and effects, rather than with details and circumstances; -- said of literature.
Pratique (n.) Primarily, liberty of converse; intercourse; hence, a certificate, given after compliance with quarantine regulations, permitting a ship to land passengers and crew; -- a term used particularly in the south of Europe. Preachman (n.) A preacher; -- so called in contempt.
Preachment (n.) A religious harangue; a sermon; -- used derogatively.
Prepense (v. t.) Devised, contrived, or planned beforehand; preconceived; premeditated; aforethought; -- usually placed after the word it qualifies; as, malice prepense.
Preponderant (a.) Preponderating; outweighing; overbalancing; -- used literally and figuratively; as, a preponderant weight; of preponderant importance.
Prepossession (n.) Preoccupation of the mind by an opinion, or impression, already formed; preconceived opinion; previous impression; bias; -- generally, but not always, used in a favorable sense; as, the prepossessions of childhood.
Presbyter (n.) One ordained to the second order in the ministry; -- called also priest.
Presence (n.) The state of being present, or of being within sight or call, or at hand; -- opposed to absence.
Preserve (n.) That which is preserved; fruit, etc., seasoned and kept by suitable preparation; esp., fruit cooked with sugar; -- commonly in the plural.
Prettiness (n.) The quality or state of being pretty; -- used sometimes in a disparaging sense.
Primrose (a.) An early flowering plant of the genus Primula (P. vulgaris) closely allied to the cowslip. There are several varieties, as the white-, the red-, the yellow-flowered, etc. Formerly called also primerole, primerolles.
Primrose (a.) Of or pertaining to the primrose; of the color of a primrose; -- hence, flowery; gay.
Proficient (a.) Well advanced in any branch of knowledge or skill; possessed of considerable acquirements; well-skilled; versed; adept,
Promethean (a.) Having a life-giving quality; inspiring.
Propithecus (n.) A genus including the long-tailed, or diadem, indris. See Indris.
Prostate (a.) Standing before; -- applied to a gland which is found in the males of most mammals, and is situated at the neck of the bladder where this joins the urethra.
Prunelle (n.) A kind of small and very acid French plum; -- applied especially to the stoned and dried fruit.
Psilopaedes (n. pl.) birds whose young at first have down on the pterylae only; -- called also Gymnopaedes.
Psilopaedic (a.) Having down upon the pterylae only; -- said of the young of certain birds.
Ptilopaedic (a.) Having nearly the whole surface of the skin covered with down; dasypaedic; -- said of the young of certain birds.
Pulpiteer (n.) One who speaks in a pulpit; a preacher; -- so called in contempt.
Puseyite (n.) One who holds the principles of Puseyism; -- often used opprobriously.
Pyrocatechin (n.) A white crystalQuadragesimals (n. pl.) Offerings formerly made to the mother church of a diocese on Mid-Lent Sunday.
Quadrate (a.) To square; to agree; to suit; to correspond; -- followed by with.
Quadripennate (a.) Having four wings; -- said of insects.
Quadruped (n.) An animal having four feet, as most mammals and reptiles; -- often restricted to the mammals.
Quarrymen (pl. ) of Quarry-man
Quatorze (n.) The four aces, kings, queens, knaves, or tens, in the game of piquet; -- so called because quatorze counts as fourteen points.
Radicated (a.) Having roots, or possessing a well-developed root.
Rapparee (n.) A wild Irish plunderer, esp. one of the 17th century; -- so called from his carrying a half-pike, called a rapary.
Refracted (a.) Bent backward angularly, as if half-broken; as, a refracted stem or leaf.
Repousse (a.) Ornamented with patterns in relief made by pressing or hammering on the reverse side; -- said of thin metal, or of a vessel made of thin metal.
Reservee (n.) One to, or for, whom anything is reserved; -- contrasted with reservor.
Respondent (n.) One who answers in certain suits or proceedings, generally those which are not according to the course of the common law, as in equity and admiralty causes, in petitions for partition, and the like; -- distinquished from appellant.
Respondent (n.) One who maintains a thesis in reply, and whose province it is to refute objections, or overthrow arguments; -- distinguished from opponent.
Retrieve (n.) The recovery of game once sprung; -- an old sporting term.
Retrospective (a.) Looking backward; contemplating things past; -- opposed to prospective; as, a retrospective view.
Rhamnaceous (a.) Of or pertaining to a natural order of shrubs and trees (Rhamnaceae, or Rhamneae) of which the buckthorn (Rhamnus) is the type. It includes also the New Jersey tea, the supple-jack, and one of the plants called lotus (Zizyphus).
Rhaphides (n. pl.) Minute transparent, often needle-shaped, crystals found in the tissues of plants.
Rhombogene (n.) A dicyemid which produces infusorialike embryos; -- opposed to nematogene. See Dicyemata.
Ricinine (n.) A bitter white crystalRicinoleate (n.) A salt of ricinoleic acid; -- formerly called palmate.
Ricinolein (n.) The glycerin salt of ricinoleic acid, occuring as a characteristic constituent of castor oil; -- formerly called palmin.
Ridicule (n.) Remarks concerning a subject or a person designed to excite laughter with a degree of contempt; wit of that species which provokes contemptuous laughter; disparagement by making a person an object of laughter; banter; -- a term lighter than derision.
Rigsdaler (n.) A Danish coin worth about fifty-four cents. It was the former unit of value in Denmark.
Riksdaler (n.) A Swedish coin worth about twenty-seven cents. It was formerly the unit of value in Sweden.
Rinderpest (n.) A highly contagious distemper or murrain, affecting neat cattle, and less commonly sheep and goats; -- called also cattle plague, Russian cattle plague, and steppe murrain.
Rosulate (a.) Arranged in little roselike clusters; -- said of leaves and bracts.
Sagamore (n.) The head of a tribe among the American Indians; a chief; -- generally used as synonymous with sachem, but some writters distinguished between them, making the sachem a chief of the first rank, and a sagamore one of the second rank.
Samphire (n.) The species of glasswort (Salicornia herbacea); -- called in England marsh samphire.
Sandpaper (n.) Paper covered on one side with sand glued fast, -- used for smoothing and polishing.
Sangaree (n.) Wine and water sweetened and spiced, -- a favorite West Indian drink. Sanguinaceous (n.) Of a blood-red color; sanguine.
Sanguine (n.) Anything of a blood-red color, as cloth.
Sanguineous (a.) Blood-red; crimson.
Sanidine (n.) A variety of orthoclase feldspar common in certain eruptive rocks, as trachyte; -- called also glassy feldspar.
Sapotaceous (a.) Of or pertaining to a natural order (Sapotaceae) of (mostly tropical) trees and shrubs, including the star apple, the Lucuma, or natural marmalade tree, the gutta-percha tree (Isonandra), and the India mahwa, as well as the sapodilla, or sapota, after which the order is named.
Sarcelle (n.) The old squaw, or long-tailed duck. Sarcocolla (n.) A gum resin obtained from certain shrubs of Africa (Penaea), -- formerly thought to cause healing of wounds and ulcers.
Saturated (a.) Having its affinity satisfied; combined with all it can hold; -- said of certain atoms, radicals, or compounds; thus, methane is a saturated compound. Contrasted with unsaturated.
Sawhorse (n.) A kind of rack, shaped like a double St. Andrew's cross, on which sticks of wood are laid for sawing by hand; -- called also buck, and sawbuck.
Scaphite (n.) Any fossil cephalopod shell of the genus Scaphites, belonging to the Ammonite family and having a chambered boat-shaped shell. Scaphites are found in the Cretaceous formation.
Scaphocephaly (n.) A deformed condition of the skull, in which the vault is narrow, elongated, and more or less boat-shaped.
Scarabee (n.) A stylized representation of a scarab beetle in stone or faience; -- a symbol of resurrection, used by the ancient Egyptians as an ornament or a talisman, and in modern times used in jewelry, usually by engraving designs on cabuchon stones. Also used attributively; as, a scarab bracelet [a bracelet containing scarabs]; a scarab [the carved stone itelf].
Scepterellate (a.) Having a straight shaft with whorls of spines; -- said of certain sponge spicules. See Illust. under Spicule.
Schreibersite (n.) A mineral occurring in steel-gray flexible folia. It contains iron, nickel, and phosphorus, and is found only in meteoric iron.
Scorifier (n.) One who, or that which, scorifies; specifically, a small flat bowl-shaped cup used in the first heating in assaying, to remove the earth and gangue, and to concentrate the gold and silver in a lead button.
Seashore (n.) All the ground between the ordinary highwater and low-water marks.
Selenate (n.) A salt of selenic acid; -- formerly called also seleniate. Selenium (n.) A nonmetallic element of the sulphur group, and analogous to sulphur in its compounds. It is found in small quantities with sulphur and some sulphur ores, and obtained in the free state as a dark reddish powder or crystalSelvagee (n.) A skein or hank of rope yarns wound round with yarns or marline, -- used for stoppers, straps, etc.
Seminiferous (a.) Seed-bearing; producing seed; pertaining to, or connected with, the formation of semen; as, seminiferous cells or vesicles.
Seminose (n.) A carbohydrate of the glucose group found in the thickened endosperm of certain seeds, and extracted as yellow sirup having a sweetish-bitter taste.
Semitone (n.) Half a tone; -- the name commonly applied to the smaller intervals of the diatonic scale.
Separate (p. a.) Divided from another or others; disjoined; disconnected; separated; -- said of things once connected.
Separate (p. a.) Unconnected; not united or associated; distinct; -- said of things that have not been connected.
Septette (n.) A musical composition for seven instruments or seven voices; -- called also septuor.
Septuagesima (n.) The third Sunday before Lent; -- so called because it is about seventy days before Easter.
Sequester (v. t.) To cause to retire or withdraw into obscurity; to seclude; to withdraw; -- often used reflexively.
Seraskier (n.) A general or commander of land forces in the Turkish empire; especially, the commander-in-chief of minister of war.
Serenade (n.) Music sung or performed in the open air at nights; -- usually applied to musical entertainments given in the open air at night, especially by gentlemen, in a spirit of gallantry, under the windows of ladies.
Serotine (n.) The European long-eared bat (Vesperugo serotinus).
Sesquipedalian (a.) Measuring or containing a foot and a half; as, a sesquipedalian pygmy; -- sometimes humorously applied to long words.
Sesterce (n.) A Roman coin or denomination of money, in value the fourth part of a denarius, and originally containing two asses and a half, afterward four asses, -- equal to about two pence sterling, or four cents.
Seventieth (a.) Next in order after the sixty-ninth; as, a man in the seventieth year of his age.
Seventieth (n.) One next in order after the sixty-ninth.
Shafiite (n.) A member of one of the four sects of the Sunnites, or Orthodox Mohammedans; -- so called from its founder, Mohammed al-Shafei.
Shovelhead (n.) A shark (Sphryna tiburio) allied to the hammerhead, and native of the warmer parts of the Atlantic and Pacific oceans; -- called also bonnet shark.
Siderated (a.) Planet-struck; blasted.
Siderite (n.) An indigo-blue variety of quartz.
Similiter (n.) The technical name of the form by which either party, in pleading, accepts the issue tendered by his opponent; -- called sometimes a joinder in issue.
Sinamine (n.) A bitter white crystalSirvente (n.) A peculiar species of poetry, for the most part devoted to moral and religious topics, and commonly satirical, -- often used by the troubadours of the Middle Ages.
Smaltite (n.) A tin-white or gray mineral of metallic luster. It is an arsenide of cobalt, nickel, and iron. Called also speiskobalt.
Sneezeweed (n.) A yellow-flowered composite plant (Helenium autumnale) the odor of which is said to cause sneezing.
Snowshoe (n.) A slight frame of wood three or four feet long and about one third as wide, with thongs or cords stretched across it, and having a support and holder for the foot; -- used by persons for walking on soft snow.
Solanine (n.) A poisonous alkaloid glucoside extracted from the berries of common nightshade (Solanum nigrum), and of bittersweet, and from potato sprouts, as a white crystalSolitude (a.) Remoteness from society; destitution of company; seclusion; -- said of places; as, the solitude of a wood.
Solstice (v. i.) The point in the ecliptic at which the sun is farthest from the equator, north or south, namely, the first point of the sign Cancer and the first point of the sign Capricorn, the former being the summer solstice, latter the winter solstice, in northern latitudes; -- so called because the sun then apparently stands still in its northward or southward motion.
Sonneteer (n.) A composer of sonnets, or small poems; a small poet; -- usually in contempt.
Sororize (v. i.) To associate, or hold fellowship, as sisters; to have sisterly feelings; -- analogous to fraternize.
Soutache (n.) A kind of narrow braid, usually of silk; -- also known as Russian braid.
Spermoderm (n.) The covering of a seed; -- sometimes limited to the outer coat or testa.
Spinnaker (n.) A large triangular sail set upon a boom, -- used when running before the wind.
Spongiae (n. pl.) The grand division of the animal kingdom which includes the sponges; -- called also Spongida, Spongiaria, Spongiozoa, and Porifera.
Squabble (v. t.) To disarrange, so that the letters or lines stand awry or are mixed and need careful readjustment; -- said of type that has been set up. Squally (a.) Interrupted by unproductive spots; -- said of a flied of turnips or grain.
Squilgee (n.) Formerly, a small swab for drying a vessel's deck; now, a kind of scraper having a blade or edge of rubber or of leather, -- used for removing superfluous, water or other liquids, as from a vessel's deck after washing, from window panes, photographer's plates, etc.
Stampede (v. i.) To run away in a panic; -- said droves of cattle, horses, etc., also of armies.
Stanhope (n.) A light two-wheeled, or sometimes four-wheeled, carriage, without a top; -- so called from Lord Stanhope, for whom it was contrived.
Stannite (n.) A mineral of a steel-gray or iron-black color; tin pyrites. It is a sulphide of tin, copper, and iron.
Stargaser (n.) Any one of several species of spiny-rayed marine fishes belonging to Uranoscopus, Astroscopus, and allied genera, of the family Uranoscopidae. The common species of the Eastern United States are Astroscopus anoplus, and A. guttatus. So called from the position of the eyes, which look directly upward.
Starnose (n.) A curious American mole (Condylura cristata) having the nose expanded at the end into a stellate disk; -- called also star-nosed mole.
Stationer (a.) A bookseller or publisher; -- formerly so called from his occupying a stand, or station, in the market place or elsewhere.
Stereometry (n.) The art of measuring and computing the cubical contents of bodies and figures; -- distinguished from planimetry.
Stethometer (n.) An apparatus for measuring the external movements of a given point of the chest wall, during respiration; -- also called thoracometer.
Stibnite (n.) A mineral of a lead-gray color and brilliant metallic luster, occurring in prismatic crystals; sulphide of antimony; -- called also antimony glance, and gray antimony.
Stichometry (n.) Division of the text of a book into lines; especially, the division of the text of books into lines accommodated to the sense, -- a method of writing manuscripts used before punctuation was adopted.
Stilbene (n.) A hydrocarbon, C14H12, produced artificially in large, fine crystals; -- called also diphenyl ethylene, toluylene, etc.
Stockinet (n.) An elastic textile fabric imitating knitting, of which stockings, under-garments, etc., are made.
Straddle (v. i.) To stand with the ends staggered; -- said of the spokes of a wagon wheel where they join the hub.
Stramineous (a.) Chaffy; like straw; straw-colored.
Strigine (a.) Of or pertaining to owls; owl-like.
Strobile (n.) An individual asexually producing sexual individuals differing from itself also in other respects, as the tapeworm, -- one of the forms that occur in metagenesis.
Strockle (n.) A shovel with a turned-up edge, for frit, sand, etc.
Stromeyerite (n.) A steel-gray mineral of metallic luster. It is a sulphide of silver and copper.
Stumpage (n.) Timber in standing trees, -- often sold without the land at a fixed price per tree or per stump, the stumps being counted when the land is cleared.
Subsequency (n.) The act or state of following; -- opposed to precedence.
Subtrihedral (a.) Approaching the form of a three-sided pyramid; as, the subtrihedral crown of a tooth.
Subulated (a.) Very narrow, and tapering gradually to a fine point from a broadish base; awl-shaped; linear.
Subumbrella (n.) The integument of the under surface of the bell, or disk-shaped body, of a jellyfish.
Sufficiency (n.) Conceit; self-confidence; self-sufficiency.
Sufficient (a.) Self-sufficient; self-satisfied; content.
Sulphide (n.) A binary compound of sulphur, or one so regarded; -- formerly called sulphuret.
Sunbonnet (n.) A bonnet, generally made of some thin or light fabric, projecting beyond the face, and commonly having a cape, -- worn by women as a protection against the sun.
Sunflower (n.) Any plant of the genus Helianthus; -- so called probably from the form and color of its flower, which is large disk with yellow rays. The commonly cultivated sunflower is Helianthus annuus, a native of America.
Surprise (n.) To lead (one) to do suddenly and without forethought; to bring (one) into some unexpected state; -- with into; as, to be surprised into an indiscretion; to be surprised into generosity.
Surrender (v. t.) To yield to any influence, emotion, passion, or power; -- used reflexively; as, to surrender one's self to grief, to despair, to indolence, or to sleep.
Sycamore (n.) A large European species of maple (Acer Pseudo-Platanus).
Sympathetic (a.) Produced by sympathy; -- applied particularly to symptoms or affections. See Sympathy.
Symphyseotomy (n.) The operation of dividing the symphysis pubis for the purpose of facilitating labor; -- formerly called the Sigualtian section.
Taborite (n.) One of certain Bohemian reformers who suffered persecution in the fifteenth century; -- so called from Tabor, a hill or fortress where they encamped during a part of their struggles.
Tapeline (n.) A painted tape, marked with linear dimensions, as inches, feet, etc., and often inclosed in a case, -- used for measuring.
Tegulated (a.) Composed of small plates, as of horn or metal, overlapping like tiles; -- said of a kind of ancient armor. Teil (n.) The lime tree, or linden; -- called also teil tree.
Tenebrae (n.) The matins and lauds for the last three days of Holy Week, commemorating the sufferings and death of Christ, -- usually sung on the afternoon or evening of Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, instead of on the following days.
Terebene (n.) A polymeric modification of terpene, obtained as a white crystalThaliacea (n. pl.) A division of Tunicata comprising the free-swimming species, such as Salpa and Doliolum.
Thallene (n.) A hydrocarbon obtained from coal-tar residues, and remarkable for its intense yellowish green fluorescence.
Thalline (n.) An artificial alkaloid of the quinoThionine (n.) An artificial red or violet dyestuff consisting of a complex sulphur derivative of certain aromatic diamines, and obtained as a dark crystalThiotolene (n.) A colorless oily liquid, C4H3S.CH3, analogous to, and resembling, toluene; -- called also methyl thiophene.
Throstle (n.) A machine for spinning wool, cotton, etc., from the rove, consisting of a set of drawing rollers with bobbins and flyers, and differing from the mule in having the twisting apparatus stationary and the processes continuous; -- so called because it makes a singing noise.
Thunderer (n.) One who thunders; -- used especially as a translation of L. tonans, an epithet applied by the Romans to several of their gods, esp. to Jupiter.
Thurible (n.) A censer of metal, for burning incense, having various forms, held in the hand or suspended by chains; -- used especially at mass, vespers, and other solemn services.
Timberhead (n.) The top end of a timber, rising above the gunwale, and serving for belaying ropes, etc.; -- called also kevel head.
Titmouse (n.) Any one of numerous species of small insectivorous singing birds belonging to Parus and allied genera; -- called also tit, and tomtit.
Toothshell (n.) Any species of Dentalium and allied genera having a tooth-shaped shell. See Dentalium.
Tortoise (n.) having a color like that of a tortoise's shell, black with white and orange spots; -- used mostly to describe cats of that color.
Tortoise (n.) a tortoise-shell cat.
Trammeled (a.) Having blazes, or white marks, on the fore and hind foot of one side, as if marked by trammels; -- said of a horse.
Transgressive (a.) Disposed or tending to transgress; faulty; culpable. -
Traphole (n.) See Trou-de-loup.
Triangle (n.) A draughtsman's square in the form of a right-angled triangle.
Triangle (n.) A kind of frame formed of three poles stuck in the ground and united at the top, to which soldiers were bound when undergoing corporal punishment, -- now disused.
Tricentenary (n.) A period of three centuries, or three hundred years, also, the three-hundredth anniversary of any event; a tercentenary.
Tricycle (n.) A three-wheeled velocipede. See Illust. under Velocipede. Cf. Bicycle.
Trioxide (n.) An oxide containing three atoms of oxygen; as, sulphur trioxide, SO3; -- formerly called tritoxide.
Triparted (a.) Parted into three piece; having three parts or pieces; -- said of the field or of a bearing; as, a cross triparted.
Trisected (a.) Divided into three parts or segments by incisions extending to the midrib or to the base; -- said of leaves.
Trochite (n.) A wheel-like joint of the stem of a fossil crinoid.
Trumpeter (n.) Any one of several species of long-legged South American birds of the genus Psophia, especially P. crepitans, which is abundant, and often domesticated and kept with other poultry by the natives. They are allied to the cranes. So called from their loud cry. Called also agami, and yakamik.
Truncated (a.) Lacking the apex; -- said of certain spiral shells in which the apex naturally drops off.
Tryptone (n.) The peptone formed by pancreatic digestion; -- so called because it is formed through the agency of the ferment trypsin.
Tubulidentate (a.) Having teeth traversed by canals; -- said of certain edentates.
Tullibee (n.) A whitefish (Coregonus tullibee) found in the Great Lakes of North America; -- called also mongrel whitefish.
Tunicated (a.) Having each joint buried in the preceding funnel-shaped one, as in certain antennae of insects.
Turnpike (n.) A beam filled with spikes to obstruct passage; a cheval-de-frise.
Turnsole (a.) A plant of the genus Heliotropium; heliotrope; -- so named because its flowers are supposed to turn toward the sun.
Twelvepence (n.) A shilling sterling, being about twenty-four cents.
Twopence (n.) A small coin, and money of account, in England, equivalent to two pennies, -- minted to a fixed annual amount, for almsgiving by the sovereign on Maundy Thursday.
Uncreate (a.) Uncreated; self-existent.
Uncreated (a.) Not existing by creation; self-existent; eternal; as, God is an uncreated being.
Undecane (n.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C11H24, of the methane series, found in petroleum; -- so called from its containing eleven carbon atoms in the molecule.
Underbred (a.) Not thoroughly bred; ill-bred; as, an underbred fellow.
Undersleeve (n.) A sleeve of an under-garment; a sleeve worn under another,
Unequaled (a.) Not equaled; unmatched; unparalleled; unrivaled; exceeding; surpassing; -- in a good or bad sense; as, unequaled excellence; unequaled ingratitude or baseness.
Unstudied (a.) Not skilled; unversed; -- followed by in.
Untressed (a.) Not tied up in tresses; unarranged; -- said of the hair.
Uppricked (a.) Upraised; erect; -- said of the ears of an animal.
Vaginopennous (a.) Having elytra; sheath-winged.
Valerylene (n.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C5H8; -- called also pentine.
Valuable (n.) A precious possession; a thing of value, especially a small thing, as an article of jewelry; -- used mostly in the plural.
Variable (n.) A quantity which may increase or decrease; a quantity which admits of an infinite number of values in the same expression; a variable quantity; as, in the equation x2 - y2 = R2, x and y are variables.
Variable (n.) Those parts of the sea where a steady wind is not expected, especially the parts between the trade-wind belts.
Variance (n.) A disagreement or difference between two parts of the same legal proceeding, which, to be effectual, ought to agree, -- as between the writ and the declaration, or between the allegation and the proof.
Varicose (a.) Intended for the treatment of varicose veins; -- said of elastic stockings, bandages. and the like.
Vesuvine (n.) A trade name for a brown dyestuff obtained from certain basic azo compounds of benzene; -- called also Bismarck brown, Manchester brown, etc.
Videlicet (adv.) To wit; namely; -- often abbreviated to viz.
Vinaigrette (n.) A sauce, made of vinegar, oil, and other ingredients, -- used esp. for cold meats.
Vinaigrette (n.) A small perforated box for holding aromatic vinegar contained in a sponge, or a smelling bottle for smelling salts; -- called also vinegarette.
Vinaigrette (n.) A small, two-wheeled vehicle, like a Bath chair, to be drawn or pushed by a boy or man.
Virgalieu (n.) A valuable kind of pear, of an obovate shape and with melting flesh of delicious flavor; -- more properly called White Doyenne.
Vocative (a.) Of or pertaining to calling; used in calling; specifically (Gram.), used in address; appellative; -- said of that case or form of the noun, pronoun, or adjective, in which a person or thing is addressed; as, Domine, O Lord.
Volatile (a.) Fig.: Light-hearted; easily affected by circumstances; airy; lively; hence, changeable; fickle; as, a volatile temper.
Voltzite (n.) An oxysulphide of lead occurring in implanted spherical globules of a yellowish or brownish color; -- called also voltzine.
Volunteer (a.) One who enters into service voluntarily, but who, when in service, is subject to discipWattmeter (n.) An instrument for measuring power in watts, -- much used in measuring the energy of an electric current.
Whipparee (n.) A large sting ray (Rhinoptera bonasus, or R. quadriloba) of the Atlantic coast of the United States. Its snout appears to be four-lobed when viewed in front, whence it is also called cow-nosed ray.
Whiteweed (n.) A perennial composite herb (Chrysanthemum Leucanthemum) with conspicuous white rays and a yellow disk, a common weed in grass lands and pastures; -- called also oxeye daisy.
Windhover (n.) The kestrel; -- called also windbibber, windcuffer, windfanner.
Wiseacre (v.) One who makes undue pretensions to wisdom; a would-be-wise person; hence, in contempt, a simpleton; a dunce.
Wishbone (n.) The forked bone in front of the breastbone in birds; -- called also merrythought, and wishing bone. See Merrythought, and Furculum.
Witenagemote (n.) A meeting of wise men; the national council, or legislature, of England in the days of the Anglo-Saxons, before the Norman Conquest.
Xanthose (n.) An orange-yellow substance found in pigment spots of certain crabs.
Xenotime (n.) A native phosphate of yttrium occurring in yellowish-brown tetragonal crystals.
Xiphisternum (n.) The posterior segment, or extremity, of the sternum; -- sometimes called metasternum, ensiform cartilage, ensiform process, or xiphoid process.
Xylitone (n.) A yellow oil having a geraniumlike odor, produced as a side product in making phorone; -- called also xylite oil.
Yeldrine (n.) The yellow-hammer; -- called also yeldrock, and yoldrin.
Yellowlegs (n.) Any one of several species of long-legged sandpipers of the genus Totanus, in which the legs are bright yellow; -- called also stone snipe, tattler, telltale, yellowshanks; and yellowshins. See Tattler, 2.
Zaratite (n.) A hydrous carbonate of nickel occurring as an emerald-green incrustation on chromite; -- called also emerald nickel.
Zoospore (n.) A spore provided with one or more slender cilia, by the vibration of which it swims in the water. Zoospores are produced by many green, and by some olive-brown, algae. In certain species they are divided into the larger macrozoospores and the smaller microzoospores. Called also sporozoid, and swarmspore.
Zymogene (n.) One of a physiological group of globular bacteria which produces fermentations of diverse nature; -- distinguished from pathogene.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 by Mark McCracken, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".