Words whose 8th letter is R
Acicular (a.) Needle-shaped; slender like a needle or bristle, as some leaves or crystals; also, having sharp points like needless.
Acrospire (n.) The sprout at the end of a seed when it begins to germinate; the plumule in germination; -- so called from its spiral form.
Adductor (n.) A muscle which draws a limb or part of the body toward the middle Adventurous (n.) Inclined to adventure; willing to incur hazard; prone to embark in hazardous enterprise; rashly daring; -- applied to persons.
Adventurous (n.) Full of hazard; attended with risk; exposing to danger; requiring courage; rash; -- applied to acts; as, an adventurous undertaking, deed, song.
Agglomerate (n.) A mass of angular volcanic fragments united by heat; -- distinguished from conglomerate.
Agitator (n.) One of a body of men appointed by the army, in Cromwell's time, to look after their interests; -- called also adjutators.
Anatiferous (a.) Producing ducks; -- applied to Anatifae, under the absurd notion of their turning into ducks or geese. See Barnacle.
Ancestor (n.) One from whom an estate has descended; -- the correlative of heir.
Anelectric (a.) Not becoming electrified by friction; -- opposed to idioelectric.
Anguiform (a.) Snake-shaped.
Anterior (a.) Before, or toward the front, in place; as, the anterior part of the mouth; -- opposed to posterior.
Apogeotropic (a.) Bending away from the ground; -- said of leaves, etc.
Arseniureted (a.) Combined with arsenic; -- said some elementary substances or radicals; as, arseniureted hydrogen.
Assertorial (a.) Asserting that a thing is; -- opposed to problematical and apodeictical.
Autolatry (n.) Self-worship.
Auxiliary (sing.) A verb which helps to form the voices, modes, and tenses of other verbs; -- called, also, an auxiliary verb; as, have, be, may, can, do, must, shall, and will, in English; etre and avoir, in French; avere and essere, in Italian; estar and haber, in Spanish.
Aweather (adv.) On the weather side, or toward the wind; in the direction from which the wind blows; -- opposed to alee; as, helm aweather!
Babillard (n.) The lesser whitethroat of Europe; -- called also babbling warbler.
Bachelor (n.) A kind of bass, an edible fresh-water fish (Pomoxys annularis) of the southern United States.
Bacillary (a.) Of or pertaining to little rods; rod-shaped.
Balancereef (n.) The last reef in a fore-and-aft sail, taken to steady the ship.
Baseboard (n.) A board, or other woodwork, carried round the walls of a room and touching the floor, to form a base and protect the plastering; -- also called washboard (in England), mopboard, and scrubboard.
Bearberry (n.) A trailing plant of the heath family (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi), having leaves which are tonic and astringent, and glossy red berries of which bears are said to be fond.
Behavior (n.) Manner of behaving, whether good or bad; mode of conducting one's self; conduct; deportment; carriage; -- used also of inanimate objects; as, the behavior of a ship in a storm; the behavior of the magnetic needle.
Believer (n.) One who gives credit to the truth of the Scriptures, as a revelation from God; a Christian; -- in a more restricted sense, one who receives Christ as his Savior, and accepts the way of salvation unfolded in the gospel.
Benitier (n.) A holy-water stoup.
Berthierite (n.) A double sulphide of antimony and iron, of a dark steel-gray color.
Besieger (n.) One who besieges; -- opposed to the besieged.
Bicarbureted (a.) Alt. of -retted
Bicorporate (a.) Double-bodied, as a lion having one head and two bodies.
Bilander (n.) A small two-masted merchant vessel, fitted only for coasting, or for use in canals, as in Holland.
Bipinnaria (n.) The larva of certain starfishes as developed in the free-swimming stage.
Bivector (n.) A term made up of the two parts / + /1 /-1, where / and /1 are vectors.
Blackbird (n.) In England, a species of thrush (Turdus merula), a singing bird with a fin note; the merle. In America the name is given to several birds, as the Quiscalus versicolor, or crow blackbird; the Agelaeus phoeniceus, or red-winged blackbird; the cowbird; the rusty grackle, etc. See Redwing.
Blackstrap (n.) Bad port wine; any common wine of the Mediterranean; -- so called by sailors.
Blackwork (n.) Work wrought by blacksmiths; -- so called in distinction from that wrought by whitesmiths.
Blindworm (n.) A small, burrowing, snakelike, limbless lizard (Anguis fragilis), with minute eyes, popularly believed to be blind; the slowworm; -- formerly a name for the adder.
Bloodbird (n.) An Australian honeysucker (Myzomela sanguineolata); -- so called from the bright red color of the male bird.
Bloodwort (n.) A plant, Rumex sanguineus, or bloody-veined dock. The name is applied also to bloodroot (Sanguinaria Canadensis), and to an extensive order of plants (Haemodoraceae), the roots of many species of which contain a red coloring matter useful in dyeing.
Bluebeard (n.) The hero of a mediaeval French nursery legend, who, leaving home, enjoined his young wife not to open a certain room in his castle. She entered it, and found the murdered bodies of his former wives. -- Also used adjectively of a subject which it is forbidden to investigate.
Bookstore (n.) A store where books are kept for sale; -- called in England a bookseller's shop.
Brachyura (n. pl.) A group of decapod Crustacea, including the common crabs, characterized by a small and short abdomen, which is bent up beneath the large cephalo-thorax. [Also spelt Brachyoura.] See Crab, and Illustration in Appendix.
Buckboard (n.) A four-wheeled vehicle, having a long elastic board or frame resting on the bolsters or axletrees, and a seat or seats placed transversely upon it; -- called also buck wagon.
Caducibranchiate (a.) With temporary gills: -- applied to those Amphibia in which the gills do not remain in adult life.
Canaster (n.) A kind of tobacco for smoking, made of the dried leaves, coarsely broken; -- so called from the rush baskets in which it is packed in South America.
Canister (n.) A kind of case shot for cannon, in which a number of lead or iron balls in layers are inclosed in a case fitting the gun; -- called also canister shot.
Caperberry (n.) The small olive-shaped berry of the European and Oriental caper, said to be used in pickles and as a condiment.
Capillary (n.) A minute, thin-walled vessel; particularly one of the smallest blood vessels connecting arteries and veins, but used also for the smallest lymphatic and biliary vessels.
Catchwork (n.) A work or artificial water-course for throwing water on lands that lie on the slopes of hills; a catchdrain.
Cavalier (a.) High-spirited.
Chapiter (n.) A summary in writing of such matters as are to be inquired of or presented before justices in eyre, or justices of assize, or of the peace, in their sessions; -- also called articles. Charge (v. i.) To squat on its belly and be still; -- a command given by a sportsman to a dog.
Chokeberry (n.) The small apple-shaped or pear-shaped fruit of an American shrub (Pyrus arbutifolia) growing in damp thickets; also, the shrub.
Christcross (n.) The mark of the cross, as cut, painted, written, or stamped on certain objects, -- sometimes as the sign of 12 o'clock on a dial.
Chromograph (n.) An apparatus by which a number of copies of written matter, maps, plans, etc., can be made; -- called also hectograph.
Chronogram (n.) An inscription in which certain numeral letters, made to appear specially conspicuous, on being added together, express a particular date or epoch, as in the motto of a medal struck by Gustavus Adolphus in 1632: ChrIstVs DVX; ergo trIVMphVs.- the capitals of which give, when added as numerals, the sum 1632.
Chrysaurin (n.) An orange-colored dyestuff, of artificial production.
Chrysoprase (n.) An apple-green variety of chalcedony, colored by nickel. It has a dull flinty luster, and is sometimes used in jewelry.
Churrworm (n.) An insect that turns about nimbly; the mole cricket; -- called also fan cricket.
Cirriform (a.) Formed like a cirrus or tendril; -- said of appendages of both animals and plants. Cirrostomi (n. pl.) The lowest group of vertebrates; -- so called from the cirri around the mouth; the Leptocardia. See Amphioxus.
Clapboard (n.) A narrow board, thicker at one edge than at the other; -- used for weatherboarding the outside of houses.
Clavicorn (a.) Having club-shaped antennae. See Antennae
Clavicornes (n. pl.) A group of beetles having club-shaped antennae.
Claviform (a.) Club-shaped; clavate.
Cloudberry (n.) A species of raspberry (Rubus Chamaemerous) growing in the northern regions, and bearing edible, amber-colored fruit.
Cockspur (n.) A variety of Crataegus, or hawthorn (C. Crus-galli), having long, straight thorns; -- called also Cockspur thorn.
Collateral (a.) Descending from the same stock or ancestor, but not in the same Commoner (n.) A student in the university of Oxford, Eng., who is not dependent on any foundation for support, but pays all university charges; - - at Cambridge called a pensioner.
Concentrate (v. t.) To increase the strength and diminish the bulk of, as of a liquid or an ore; to intensify, by getting rid of useless material; to condense; as, to concentrate acid by evaporation; to concentrate by washing; -- opposed to dilute.
Confederate (a.) Of or pertaining to the government of the eleven Southern States of the United States which (1860-1865) attempted to establish an independent nation styled the Confederate States of America; as, the Confederate congress; Confederate money.
Confederate (n.) A name designating an adherent to the cause of the States which attempted to withdraw from the Union (1860-1865).
Considerable (a.) Of some distinction; noteworthy; influential; respectable; -- said of persons.
Consideration (n.) Attentive respect; appreciative regard; -- used especially in diplomatic or stately correspondence.
Conveyor (n.) A contrivance for carrying objects from place to place; esp., one for conveying grain, coal, etc., -- as a spiral or screw turning in a pipe or trough, an endless belt with buckets, or a truck running along a rope.
Coralwort (n.) A cruciferous herb of certain species of Dentaria; -- called also toothwort, tooth violet, or pepper root.
Cordoform (a.) Heart-shaped.
Corniform (a.) Having the shape of a horn; horn-shaped.
Costiferous (a.) Rib-bearing, as the dorsal vertebrae.
Creditor (n.) One who gives credit in business matters; hence, one to whom money is due; -- correlative to debtor.
Crenature (n.) A rounded tooth or notch of a crenate leaf, or any part that is crenate; -- called also crenelle.
Crowberry (n.) A heathlike plant of the genus Empetrum, and its fruit, a black, scarcely edible berry; -- also called crakeberry.
Cruciform (a.) Cross-shaped; (Bot.) having four parts arranged in the form of a cross.
Cryptocrystalline (a.) Indistinctly crystalline; -- applied to rocks and minerals, whose state of aggregation is so fine that no distinct particles are visible, even under the microscope.
Curvinerved (a.) Having the ribs or the veins of the leaves curved; -- called also curvinervate and curve-veined.
Customer (n.) A peculiar person; -- in an indefinite sense; as, a queer customer; an ugly customer.
Cutwater (n.) A sea bird of the Atlantic (Rhynchops nigra); -- called also black skimmer, scissorsbill, and razorbill. See Skimmer.
Cysticercus (n.) The larval form of a tapeworm, having the head and neck of a tapeworm attached to a saclike body filled with fluid; -- called also bladder worm, hydatid, and measle (as, pork measle).
Dashboard (n.) A board placed on the fore part of a carriage, sleigh, or other vehicle, to intercept water, mud, or snow, thrown up by the heels of the horses; -- in England commonly called splashboard.
Dashboard (n.) A screen at the bow af a steam launch to keep off the spray; -- called also sprayboard.
Daughter (n.) The female offspring of the human species; a female child of any age; -- applied also to the lower animals.
Daughter (n.) A son's wife; a daughter-in-law.
Deathbird (n.) Tengmalm's or Richardson's owl (Nyctale Tengmalmi); -- so called from a superstition of the North American Indians that its note presages death.
December (n.) The twelfth and last month of the year, containing thirty-one days. During this month occurs the winter solstice.
Deerberry (n.) A shrub of the blueberry group (Vaccinium stamineum); also, its bitter, greenish white berry; -- called also squaw huckleberry.
Demonstration (n.) A course of reasoning showing that a certain result is a necessary consequence of assumed premises; -- these premises being definitions, axioms, and previously established propositions.
Dentiform (a.) Having the form of a tooth or of teeth; tooth-shaped.
Designer (n.) A plotter; a schemer; -- used in a bad sense.
Digitigrade (a.) Walking on the toes; -- distinguished from plantigrade.
Digitigrade (n.) An animal that walks on its toes, as the cat, lion, wolf, etc.; -- distinguished from a plantigrade, which walks on the palm of the foot.
Dinosauria (n. pl.) An order of extinct mesozoic reptiles, mostly of large size (whence the name). Notwithstanding their size, they present birdlike characters in the skeleton, esp. in the pelvis and hind limbs. Some walked on their three-toed hind feet, thus producing the large "bird tracks," so-called, of mesozoic sandstones; others were five-toed and quadrupedal. See Illust. of Compsognathus, also Illustration of Dinosaur in Appendix.
Disaffirm (v. t.) To assert the contrary of; to contradict; to deny; -- said of that which has been asserted.
Discovert (a.) Not covert; not within the bonds of matrimony; unmarried; -- applied either to a woman who has never married or to a widow.
Dishonor (v. t.) To refuse or decDolioform (a.) Barrel-shaped, or like a cask in form. Dollar (n.) A gold coin of the United States containing 23.22 grains of gold and 2.58 grains of alloy, that is, having a total weight of 25.8 grains, nine-tenths fine. It is no longer coined.
Domineer (v. t.) To rule with insolence or arbitrary sway; to play the master; to be overbearing; to tyrannize; to bluster; to swell with conscious superiority or haughtiness; -- often with over; as, to domineer over dependents.
Dorsiferous () Bearing, or producing, on the back; -- applied to ferns which produce seeds on the back of the leaf, and to certain Batrachia, the ova of which become attached to the skin of the back of the parent, where they develop; dorsiparous.
Doryphora (n.) A genus of plant-eating beetles, including the potato beetle. See Potato beetle.
Downhearted (a.) Dejected; low-spirited.
Earthwards (adv.) Toward the earth; -- opposed to heavenward or skyward.
Earthworm (n.) Any worm of the genus Lumbricus and allied genera, found in damp soil. One of the largest and most abundant species in Europe and America is L. terrestris; many others are known; -- called also angleworm and dewworm.
Efflower (v. t.) To remove the epidermis of (a skin) with a concave knife, blunt in its middle part, -- as in making chamois leather.
Elevator (n.) A cage or platform and the hoisting machinery in a hotel, warehouse, mine, etc., for conveying persons, goods, etc., to or from different floors or levels; -- called in England a lift; the cage or platform itself.
Endosperm (n.) The albumen of a seed; -- limited by recent writers to that formed within the embryo sac.
Endosporous (a.) Having the spores contained in a case; -- applied to fungi.
Enepidermic (a.) Applied to the skin without friction; -- said of medicines.
Englishry (n.) A body of English or people of English descent; -- commonly applied to English people in Ireland.
Epigastric (a.) Over the stomach; -- applied to two of the areas of the carapace of crabs.
Equidiurnal (a.) Pertaining to the time of equal day and night; -- applied to the equinoctial line.
Exporter (n.) One who exports; the person who sends goods or commodities to a foreign country, in the way of commerce; -- opposed to importer.
Extemporaneous (a.) Composed, performed, or uttered on the spur of the moment, or without previous study; unpremeditated; off-hand; extempore; extemporary; as, an extemporaneous address or production.
Extemporize (v. t.) To do, make, or utter extempore or off-hand; to prepare in great haste, under urgent necessity, or with scanty or unsuitable materials; as, to extemporize a dinner, a costume, etc.
Extensor (n.) A muscle which serves to extend or straighten any part of the body, as an arm or a finger; -- opposed to flexor.
Exterior (a.) External; outward; pertaining to that which is external; -- opposed to interior; as, the exterior part of a sphere.
Fieldfare (n.) a small thrush (Turdus pilaris) which breeds in northern Europe and winters in Great Britain. The head, nape, and lower part of the back are ash-colored; the upper part of the back and wing coverts, chestnut; -- called also fellfare.
Fieldwork (n.) Any temporary fortification thrown up by an army in the field; -- commonly in the plural.
Filanders (n. pl.) A disease in hawks, characterized by the presence of small threadlike worms, also of filaments of coagulated blood, from the rupture of a vein; -- called also backworm.
Floriform (a.) Having the form of a flower; flower-shaped. Flosh (n.) A hopper-shaped box or /nortar in which ore is placed for the action of the stamps.
Footboard (n.) The foot-rest of a coachman's box.
Foregoer (n.) A purveyor of the king; -- so called, formerly, from going before to provide for his household.
Forester (n.) A lepidopterous insect belonging to Alypia and allied genera; as, the eight-spotted forester (A. octomaculata), which in the larval state is injurious to the grapevine.
Forkbeard (n.) A European fish (Raniceps raninus), having a large flat head; -- also called tadpole fish, and lesser forked beard.
Forkbeard (n.) The European forked hake or hake's-dame (Phycis blennoides); -- also called great forked beard.
Formicary (n.) The nest or dwelling of a swarm of ants; an ant-hill.
Frontier (v. i.) To constitute or form a frontier; to have a frontier; -- with on. Frost (v. i.) The act of freezing; -- applied chiefly to the congelation of water; congelation of fluids.
Fungivorous (a.) Eating fungi; -- said of certain insects and snails.
Furniture (v. t.) A mixed or compound stop in an organ; -- sometimes called mixture.
Gaultheria (n.) A genus of ericaceous shrubs with evergreen foliage, and, often, edible berries. It includes the American winter-green (Gaultheria procumbens), and the larger-fruited salal of Northwestern America (Gaultheria Shallon).
Geissler tube () A glass tube provided with platinum electrodes, and containing some gas under very low tension, which becomes luminous when an electrical discharge is passed through it; -- so called from the name of a noted maker in germany. It is called also Plucker tube, from the German physicist who devised it.
Generatrix (n.) That which generates; the point, or the mathematical magnitude, which, by its motion, generates another magnitude, as a line, surface, or solid; -- called also describent.
Genitocrural (a.) Pertaining to the genital organs and the thigh; -- applied especially to one of the lumbar nerves.
Geocentrical (a.) Having reference to the earth as center; in relation to or seen from the earth, -- usually opposed to heliocentric, as seen from the sun; as, the geocentric longitude or latitude of a planet.
Globular (a.) Globe-shaped; having the form of a ball or sphere; spherical, or nearly so; as, globular atoms.
Gonochorism (n.) Separation of the sexes in different individuals; -- opposed to hermaphroditism.
Gradatory (a.) Suitable for walking; -- said of the limbs of an animal when adapted for walking on land.
Guelderrose' (n.) A cultivated variety of a species of Viburnum (V. Opulus), bearing large bunches of white flowers; -- called also snowball tree.
Guicowar (n.) [Mahratta g/ekw/r, prop., a cowherd.] The title of the sovereign of Guzerat, in Western India; -- generally called the Guicowar of Baroda, which is the capital of the country.
Gummiferous (a.) Producing gum; gum-bearing.
Guttiform (a.) Drop-shaped, as a spot of color.
Gymnocarpous (a.) Naked-fruited, the fruit either smooth or not adherent to the perianth.
Hackamore (n.) A halter consisting of a long leather or rope strap and headstall, -- used for leading or tieing a pack animal.
Headborrow (n.) The chief of a frankpledge, tithing, or decennary, consisting of ten families; -- called also borsholder, boroughhead, boroughholder, and sometimes tithingman. See Borsholder.
Heliopora (n.) An East Indian stony coral now known to belong to the Alcyonaria; -- called also blue coral.
Helleborin (n.) A poisonous glucoside found in several species of hellebore, and extracted as a white crystalHematherm (n.) A warm-blooded animal.
Hemathermal (a.) Warm-blooded; hematothermal.
Hematocrya (n. pl.) The cold-blooded vertebrates, that is, all but the mammals and birds; -- the antithesis to Hematotherma.
Heterodromous (a.) Moving in opposite directions; -- said of a lever, pulley, etc., in which the resistance and the actuating force are on opposite sides of the fulcrum or axis.
Heterographic (a.) Employing the same letters to represent different sounds in different words or syllables; -- said of methods of spelling; as, the ordinary English orthography is heterographic.
Hobbyhorse (n.) A subject or plan upon which one is constantly setting off; a favorite and ever-recurring theme of discourse, thought, or effort; that which occupies one's attention unduly, or to the weariness of others; a ruling passion.
Holohedral (a.) Having all the planes required by complete symmetry, -- in opposition to hemihedral.
Holosteric (a.) Wholly solid; -- said of a barometer constructed of solid materials to show the variations of atmospheric pressure without the use of liquids, as the aneroid.
Homothermous (a.) Warm-blooded; homoiothermal; haematothermal.
Housewarming (n.) A feast or merry-making made by or for a family or business firm on taking possession of a new house or premises.
Hyopastron (n.) The second lateral plate in the plastron of turtles; -- called also hyosternum.
Hypercarbureted (a.) Having an excessive proportion of carbonic acid; -- said of bicarbonates or acid carbonates.
Idiolatry (n.) Self-worship; excessive self-esteem.
Idiothermic (a.) Self-heating; warmed, as the body of animal, by process going on within itself.
Importer (n.) One who imports; the merchant who brings goods into a country or state; -- opposed to exporter.
Imprescriptible (a.) Not derived from, or dependent on, external authority; self-evidencing; obvious.
Improperia (n. pl.) A series of antiphons and responses, expressing the sorrowful remonstrance of our Lord with his people; -- sung on the morning of the Good Friday in place of the usual daily Mass of the Roman ritual. Improve (v. t.) To advance or increase by use; to augment or add to; -- said with reference to what is bad.
Inantherate (a.) Not bearing anthers; -- said of sterile stamens.
Incorporate (v. t.) To unite with, or introduce into, a mass already formed; as, to incorporate copper with silver; -- used with with and into.
Incorporate (v. i.) To unite in one body so as to make a part of it; to be mixed or blended; -- usually followed by with.
Incorporeal (a.) Existing only in contemplation of law; not capable of actual visible seizin or possession; not being an object of sense; intangible; -- opposed to corporeal.
Inferior (a.) Situated below some other organ; -- said of a calyx when free from the ovary, and therefore below it, or of an ovary with an adherent and therefore inferior calyx.
Infirmary (n.) A hospital, or place where the infirm or sick are lodged and nursed gratuitously, or where out-patients are treated.
Injector (n.) A contrivance for forcing feed water into a steam boiler by the direct action of the steam upon the water. The water is driven into the boiler by the impulse of a jet of the steam which becomes condensed as soon as it strikes the stream of cold water it impels; -- also called Giffard's injector, from the inventor.
Inocular (a.) Inserted in the corner of the eye; -- said of the antenn/ of certain insects.
Insincere (a.) Not being in truth what one appears to be; not sincere; dissembling; hypocritical; disingenuous; deceitful; false; -- said of persons; also of speech, thought; etc.; as, insincere declarations.
Interfere (v. i.) To strike one foot against the opposite foot or ankle in using the legs; -- sometimes said of a human being, but usually of a horse; as, the horse interferes.
Interfere (v. i.) To act reciprocally, so as to augment, diminish, or otherwise affect one another; -- said of waves, rays of light, heat, etc. See Interference, 2.
Interior (a.) Being within any limits, inclosure, or substance; inside; internal; inner; -- opposed to exterior, or superficial; as, the interior apartments of a house; the interior surface of a hollow ball.
Intermarry (v. i.) To become connected by marriage between their members; to give and take mutually in marriage; -- said of families, ranks, castes, etc.
Intramercurial (a.) Between the planet Mercury and the sun; -- as, the hypothetical Vulcan is intramercurial.
Inviscerate (a.) Deep-seated; internal.
Involucre (n.) A continuous marginal covering of sporangia, in certain ferns, as in the common brake, or the cup-shaped processes of the filmy ferns.
Isonandra (n.) A genus of sapotaceous trees of India. Isonandra Gutta is the principal source of gutta-percha.
Jointworm (n.) The larva of a small, hymenopterous fly (Eurytoma hordei), which is found in gall-like swellings on the stalks of wheat, usually at or just above the first joint. In some parts of America it does great damage to the crop.
Juneberry (n.) The small applelike berry of American trees of genus Amelanchier; -- also called service berry.
Juneberry (n.) The shrub or tree which bears this fruit; -- also called shad bush, and had tree.
Keramographic (a.) Suitable to be written upon; capable of being written upon, as a slate; -- said especially of a certain kind of globe.
Knotberry (n.) The cloudberry (Rudus Chamaemorus); -- so called from its knotted stems.
Larviparous (a.) Depositing living larvae, instead of eggs; -- said of certain insects.
Latisternal (a.) Having a broad breastbone, or sternum; -- said of anthropoid apes.
Leptiform (a.) Having a form somewhat like leptus; -- said of active insect larvae having three pairs of legs. See Larva.
Leptothrix (n.) Having the form of a little chain; -- applied to bacteria when, as in multiplication by fission, they form a chain of filiform individuals.
Letterpress (n.) Print; letters and words impressed on paper or other material by types; -- often used of the reading matter in distinction from the illustrations.
Leucopyrite (n.) A mineral of a color between white and steel-gray, with a metallic luster, and consisting chiefly of arsenic and iron.
Ligniperdous (a.) Wood-destroying; -- said of certain insects. Ligula (n.) A tongue-shaped lobe of the parapodia of annelids. See Parapodium.
Lindiform (a.) Resembling the genus Lindia; -- said of certain apodous insect larvae.
Liverwort (n.) A ranunculaceous plant (Anemone Hepatica) with pretty white or bluish flowers and a three-lobed leaf; -- called also squirrel cups.
Longicorn (a.) Long-horned; pertaining to the Longicornia.
Longspur (n.) Any one of several species of fringilLoosestrife (n.) The name of several species of plants of the genus Lysimachia, having small star-shaped flowers, usually of a yellow color.
Lucernaria (n.) A genus of acalephs, having a bell-shaped body with eight groups of short tentacles around the margin. It attaches itself by a sucker at the base of the pedicel.
lucernarida (n. pl.) A division of acalephs, including Lucernaria and allied genera; -- called also Calycozoa.
Macassar oil () A kind of oil formerly used in dressing the hair; -- so called because originally obtained from Macassar, a district of the Island of Celebes. Also, an imitation of the same, of perfumed castor oil and olive oil.
Madreperl (n.) Mother-of-pearl.
Magister (n.) Master; sir; -- a title of the Middle Ages, given to a person in authority, or to one having a license from a university to teach philosophy and the liberal arts.
Magistery (n.) A precipitate; a fine substance deposited by precipitation; -- applied in old chemistry to certain white precipitates from metallic solutions; as, magistery of bismuth.
Manichordon () The clavichord or clarichord; -- called also dumb spinet.
Mastigure (n.) Any one of several large spiny-tailed lizards of the genus Uromastix. They inhabit Southern Asia and North Africa.
Megatherium (n.) An extinct gigantic quaternary mammal, allied to the ant-eaters and sloths. Its remains are found in South America.
Melampyrite (n.) The saccharine substance dulcite; -- so called because found in the leaves of cowwheat (Melampyrum). See Dulcite.
Melanorrhoea (n.) An East Indian genus of large trees. Melanorrh/a usitatissima is the lignum-vitae of Pegu, and yelds a valuable black varnish.
Melaphyre (n.) Any one of several dark-colored augitic, eruptive rocks allied to basalt.
Menispermine (n.) An alkaloid distinct from picrotoxin and obtained from the cocculus indicus (the fruit of Anamirta Cocculus, formerly Menispermum Cocculus) as a white, crystalline, tasteless powder; -- called also menispermina. Menthol (n.) A white, crystalline, aromatic substance resembling camphor, extracted from oil of peppermint (Mentha); -- called also mint camphor or peppermint camphor.
Messieurs (n. pl.) Sirs; gentlemen; -- abbreviated to Messrs., which is used as the plural of Mr.
Misanthropy (n.) Hatred of, or dislike to, mankind; -- opposed to philanthropy.
Miterwort (n.) Any plant of the genus Mitella, -- slender, perennial herbs with a pod slightly resembling a bishop's miter; bishop's cap.
Monastery (n.) A house of religious retirement, or of secusion from ordinary temporal concerns, especially for monks; -- more rarely applied to such a house for females.
Monopteral (a.) Round and without a cella; consisting of a single ring of columns supporting a roof; -- said esp. of a temple.
Multicarinate (a.) Many-keeled.
Mummiform (a.) Having some resemblance to a mummy; -- in zoology, said of the pupae of certain insects.
Murderer (n.) A small cannon, formerly used for clearing a ship's decks of boarders; -- called also murdering piece.
Muscular (a.) Well furnished with muscles; having well-developed muscles; brawny; hence, strong; powerful; vigorous; as, a muscular body or arm.
Navelwort (n.) A European perennial succulent herb (Cotyledon umbilicus), having round, peltate leaves with a central depression; -- also called pennywort, and kidneywort.
Necessary (a.) Acting from necessity or compulsion; involuntary; -- opposed to free; as, whether man is a necessary or a free agent is a question much discussed.
Necessary (n.) A thing that is necessary or indispensable to some purpose; something that one can not do without; a requisite; an essential; -- used chiefly in the plural; as, the necessaries of life.
Necessary (n.) A privy; a water-closet.
Neuromere (n.) A metameric segment of the cerebro-spinal nervous system.
Nitroform (n.) A nitro derivative of methane, analogous to chloroform, obtained as a colorless oily or crystalAnte mortem () Before death; -- generally used adjectivelly; as, an ante-mortem statement; ante-mortem examination.
Blackbird (n.) A native of any of the islands near Queensland; -- called also Kanaka.
Blanchard lathe () A kind of wood-turning lathe for making noncircular and irregular forms, as felloes, gun stocks, lasts, spokes, etc., after a given pattern. The pattern and work rotate on parallel spindles in the same direction with the same speed, and the work is shaped by a rapidly rotating cutter whose position is varied by the pattern acting as a cam upon a follower wheel traversing slowly along the pattern.
Elevator (n.) A movable plane or group of planes used to control the altitude or fore-and-aft poise or inclination of an airship or flying machine.
Endothermic (a.) Designating, or pert. to, a reaction which occurs with absorption of heat; formed by such a reaction; as, an endothermic substance; -- opposed to exothermic.
Fermeture (n.) The mechanism for closing the breech of a breech-loading firearm, in artillery consisting principally of the breechblock, obturator, and carrier ring.
Gainsborough hat () A woman's broad-brimmed hat of a form thought to resemble those shown in portraits by Thomas Gainsborough, the English artist (1727-88).
Interferometer (n.) An instrument for measuring small movements, distances, or displacements by means of the interference of two beams of light; -- called also refractometer.
Kinetograph (n.) A combined animated-picture machine and phonograph in which sounds appropriate to the scene are automatically uttered by the latter instrument.
Liederkranz (n.) Lit., wreath of songs; -- used as the title of a group of songs, and esp. as the common name for German vocal clubs of men.
Lightstruck (a.) Damaged by accidental exposure to light; light-fogged; -- said of plates or films.
Mediterranean fruit fly () A two-winged fly (Ceratitis capitata) with black and white markings, native of the Mediterranean countries, but now widely distributed. Its larva lives in ripening oranges, peaches, and other fruits, causing them to decay and fall.
Pluviograph (n.) A self-registering rain gauge.
Presswork (n.) Work consisting of a series of cross-grained veneers united by glue, heat, and pressure.
Receiver (n.) In portable breech-loading firearms, the steel frame screwed to the breech end of the barrel, which receives the bolt or block, gives means of securing for firing, facilitates loading, and holds the ejector, cut-off, etc.
Roquefort (n.) A highly flavored blue-molded cheese, made at Roquefort, department of Aveyron, France. It is made from milk of ewes, sometimes with cow's milk added, and is cured in caves. Improperly, a cheese made in imitation of it.
Serotherapy (n.) Serum-therapy.
Silencer (n.) The muffler of an internal-combustion engine.
Trembler (n.) The vibrating hammer, or spring contact piece of a hammer break, as of the electric ignition apparatus for an internal-combustion engine.
Vibrator (n.) An ink-distributing roller in a printing machine, having an additional vibratory motion.
Vinegarroon (n.) A whip scorpion, esp. a large Mexican species (Thelyphonus giganteus) popularly supposed to be very venomous; -- from the odor that it emits when alarmed.
Voluntarism (n.) Any theory which conceives will to be the dominant factor in experience or in the constitution of the world; -- contrasted with intellectualism. Schopenhauer and Fichte are typical exponents of the two types of metaphysical voluntarism, Schopenhauer teaching that the evolution of the universe is the activity of a blind and irrational will, Fichte holding that the intelligent activity of the ego is the fundamental fact of reality.
Oleander (n.) A beautiful evergreen shrub of the Dogbane family, having clusters of fragrant red or white flowers. It is native of the East Indies, but the red variety has become common in the south of Europe. Called also rosebay, rose laurel, and South-sea rose.
Olfactory (n.) An olfactory organ; also, the sense of smell; -- usually in the plural.
Operator (n.) The symbol that expresses the operation to be performed; -- called also facient.
Orchestra (n.) The space in a theater between the stage and the audience; -- originally appropriated by the Greeks to the chorus and its evolutions, afterward by the Romans to persons of distinction, and by the moderns to a band of instrumental musicians.
Orchestra (n.) A band composed, for the largest part, of players of the various viol instruments, many of each kind, together with a proper complement of wind instruments of wood and brass; -- as distinguished from a military or street band of players on wind instruments, and from an assemblage of solo players for the rendering of concerted pieces, such as septets, octets, and the like.
Orchestration (n.) The arrangement of music for an orchestra; orchestral treatment of a composition; -- called also instrumentation.
Oscillaria (n.) A genus of dark green, or purplish black, filamentous, fresh-water algae, the threads of which have an automatic swaying or crawling motion. Called also Oscillatoria.
Overmorrow (n.) The day after or following to-morrow.
Oxidator (n.) A contrivance for causing a current of air to impinge on the flame of the Argand lamp; -- called also oxygenator.
Pachydermatous (a.) Thick-skinned; not sensitive to ridicule.
Palempore (n.) A superior kind of dimity made in India, -- used for bed coverings. Paletot (n.) A lady's outer garment, -- of varying fashion.
Pallbearer (n.) One of those who attend the coffin at a funeral; -- so called from the pall being formerly carried by them.
Palpicorn (n.) One of a group of aquatic beetles (Palpicornia) having short club-shaped antennae, and long maxillary palpi.
Palsywort (n.) The cowslip (Primula veris); -- so called from its supposed remedial powers.
Parachordal (a.) Situated on either side of the notochord; -- applied especially to the cartilaginous rudiments of the skull on each side of the anterior part of the notochord.
Paramour (n.) A lover, of either sex; a wooer or a mistress (formerly in a good sense, now only in a bad one); one who takes the place, without possessing the rights, of a husband or wife; -- used of a man or a woman.
Paramours (adv.) By or with love, esp. the love of the sexes; -- sometimes written as two words.
Parquetry (n.) A species of joinery or cabinet-work consisting of an inlay of geometric or other patterns, generally of different colors, -- used especially for floors.
Patchwork (n.) Work composed of pieces sewed together, esp. pieces of various colors and figures; hence, anything put together of incongruous or ill-adapted parts; something irregularly clumsily composed; a thing putched up.
Pecopteris (n.) An extensive genus of fossil ferns; -- so named from the regular comblike arrangement of the leaflets.
Pellitory (n.) The common name of the several species of the genus Parietaria, low, harmless weeds of the Nettle family; -- also called wall pellitory, and lichwort.
Pellitory (n.) The feverfew (Chrysanthemum Parthenium); -- so called because it resembles the above.
Pentamera (n. pl.) An extensive division of Coleoptera, including those that normally have five-jointed tarsi. It embraces about half of all the known species of the Coleoptera.
Pepperer (n.) A grocer; -- formerly so called because he sold pepper.
Peppergrass (n.) Any herb of the cruciferous genus Lepidium, especially the garden peppergrass, or garden cress, Lepidium sativum; -- called also pepperwort. All the species have a pungent flavor.
Perchloric (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, the highest oxygen acid (HClO4), of chlorine; -- called also hyperchloric.
Periostracum (n.) A chitinous membrane covering the exterior of many shells; -- called also epidermis.
Peripteral (a.) Having columns on all sides; -- said of an edifice. See Apteral.
Peristeropodous (a.) Having pigeonlike feet; -- said of those gallinaceous birds that rest on all four toes, as the curassows and megapods.
Pestiferous (a.) Pest-bearing; pestilential; noxious to health; malignant; infectious; contagious; as, pestiferous bodies.
Peterwort (n.) See Saint Peter's-wort, under Saint.
Phosphorus (n.) A poisonous nonmetallic element of the nitrogen group, obtained as a white, or yellowish, translucent waxy substance, having a characteristic disagreeable smell. It is very active chemically, must be preserved under water, and unites with oxygen even at ordinary temperatures, giving a faint glow, -- whence its name. It always occurs compined, usually in phosphates, as in the mineral apatite, in bones, etc. It is used in the composition on the tips of friction matches, and for m>
Pianoforte (a.) A well-known musical instrument somewhat resembling the harpsichord, and consisting of a series of wires of graduated length, thickness, and tension, struck by hammers moved by keys.
Pilaster (n.) An upright architectural member right-angled in plan, constructionally a pier (See Pier, 1 (b)), but architecturally corresponding to a column, having capital, shaft, and base to agree with those of the columns of the same order. In most cases the projection from the wall is one third of its width, or less.
Pluroderes (n. pl.) A group of fresh-water turtles in which the neck can not be retracted, but is bent to one side, for protection. The matamata is an example.
Politzerization (n.) The act of inflating the middle ear by blowing air up the nose during the act of swallowing; -- so called from Prof. Politzer of Vienna, who first practiced it.
Polyandry (n.) The possession by a woman of more than one husband at the same time; -- contrasted with monandry.
Pomander (n.) A box to contain such perfume, formerly carried by ladies, as at the end of a chain; -- more properly pomander box.
Priestery (n.) Priests, collectively; the priesthood; -- so called in contempt.
Proliferous (a.) Bearing offspring; -- applied to a flower from within which another is produced, or to a branch or frond from which another rises, or to a plant which is reproduced by buds or gemmae.
Proliferous (a.) Producing sexual zooids by budding; -- said of the blastostyle of a hydroid.
Proliferous (a.) Producing a cluster of branchlets from a larger branch; -- said of corals.
Promoter (n.) Specifically, one who sets on foot, and takes the preliminary steps in, a scheme for the organization of a corporation, a joint-stock company, or the like.
Protomartyr (n.) The first martyr; the first who suffers, or is sacrificed, in any cause; -- applied esp. to Stephen, the first Christian martyr.
Pteroceras (n.) A genus of large marine gastropods having the outer border of the lip divided into lobes; -- called also scorpion shell.
Pyrophorous (a.) Light-producing; of or pertaining to pyrophorus.
Quercitrin (n.) A glucoside extracted from the bark of the oak (Quercus) as a bitter citron-yellow crystalQuillwort (n.) Any plant or species of the genus Isoetes, cryptogamous plants with a cluster of elongated four-tubed rushlike leaves, rising from a corm, and containing spores in their enlarged and excavated bases. There are about seventeen American species, usually growing in the mud under still, shallow water. So called from the shape of the shape of the leaves.
Raspberry (n.) The thimble-shaped fruit of the Rubus Idaeus and other similar brambles; as, the black, the red, and the white raspberry.
Receiver (n.) A vessel for receiving the exhaust steam from the high-pressure cylinder before it enters the low-pressure cylinder, in a compound engine.
Receiver (n.) That portion of a telephonic apparatus, or similar system, at which the message is received and made audible; -- opposed to transmitter.
Rectinerved (a.) Having the veins or nerves straight; -- said of leaves.
Rectiserial (a.) Arranged in exactly vertical ranks, as the leaves on stems of many kinds; -- opposed to curviserial.
Refrigerant (n.) That which makes to be cool or cold; specifically, a medicine or an application for allaying fever, or the symptoms of fever; -- used also figuratively.
Registering (a.) Recording; -- applied to instruments; having an apparatus which registers; as, a registering thermometer. See Recording.
Remember (v. t.) To put in mind; to remind; -- also used reflexively and impersonally.
Reseizer (n.) The taking of lands into the hands of the king where a general livery, or oustre le main, was formerly mis-sued, contrary to the form and order of law.
Restiform (a.) Formed like a rope; -- applied especially to several ropelike bundles or masses of fibers on the dorsal side of the medulla oblongata.
Retainer (n.) One who is retained or kept in service; an attendant; an adherent; a hanger-on.
Retainer (n.) A fee paid to engage a lawyer or counselor to maintain a cause, or to prevent his being employed by the opposing party in the case; -- called also retaining fee.
Rhizocarpous (a.) Having perennial rootstocks or bulbs, but annual flowering stems; -- said of all perennial herbs.
Rhodochrosite (n.) Manganese carbonate, a rose-red mineral sometimes occuring crystallized, but generally massive with rhombohedral cleavage like calcite; -- called also dialogite.
Ruiniform (a.) Having the appearance of ruins, or of the ruins of houses; -- said of certain minerals.
Rummager (n.) A person on shipboard whose business was to take charge of stowing the cargo; -- formerly written roomager, and romager.
Safeguard (n.) A pass; a passport; a safe-conduct. Saffron (a.) Having the color of the stigmas of saffron flowers; deep orange-yellow; as, a saffron face; a saffron streamer.
Sagittary (n.) The Arsenal in Venice; -- so called from having a figure of an archer over the door.
Sandiver (n.) A whitish substance which is cast up, as a scum, from the materials of glass in fusion, and, floating on the top, is skimmed off; -- called also glass gall.
Schooner (n.) Originally, a small, sharp-built vessel, with two masts and fore-and-aft rig. Sometimes it carried square topsails on one or both masts and was called a topsail schooner. About 1840, longer vessels with three masts, fore-and-aft rigged, came into use, and since that time vessels with four masts and even with six masts, so rigged, are built. Schooners with more than two masts are designated three-masted schooners, four-masted schooners, etc. See Illustration in Appendix.
Schooner (n.) A large goblet or drinking glass, -- used for lager beer or ale.
Scimitar (n.) A saber with a much curved blade having the edge on the convex side, -- in use among Mohammedans, esp., the Arabs and persians.
Scimitar (n.) A long-handled billhook. See Billhook.
Scripture (n.) The books of the Old and the new Testament, or of either of them; the Bible; -- used by way of eminence or distinction, and chiefly in the plural.
Scutiform (a.) Shield-shaped; scutate.
Secondary (a.) Subsequent in origin; -- said of minerals produced by alteertion or deposition subsequent to the formation of the original rocks mass; also of characters of minerals (as secondary cleavage, etc.) developed by pressure or other causes.
Selenography (n.) The science that treats of the physical features of the moon; -- corresponding to physical geography in respect to the earth.
Semiquartile (n.) An aspect of the planets when distant from each other the half of a quadrant, or forty-five degrees, or one sign and a half.
Septiferous (a.) Bearing a partition; -- said of the valves of a capsule.
Sepulchral (a.) Unnaturally low and grave; hollow in tone; -- said of sound, especially of the voice.
Shipboard (n.) A ship's side; hence, by extension, a ship; -- found chiefly in adverbial phrases; as, on shipboard; a shipboard.
Shoulder (n.) The flesh and muscles connected with the shoulder joint; the upper part of the back; that part of the human frame on which it is most easy to carry a heavy burden; -- often used in the plural.
Shouldered (a.) Having shoulders; -- used in composition; as, a broad-shouldered man. Shout (v. t.) To utter with a shout; to cry; -- sometimes with out; as, to shout, or to shout out, a man's name.
Shoveler (n.) A river duck (Spatula clypeata), native of Europe and America. It has a large bill, broadest towards the tip. The male is handsomely variegated with green, blue, brown, black, and white on the body; the head and neck are dark green. Called also broadbill, spoonbill, shovelbill, and maiden duck. The Australian shoveler, or shovel-nosed duck (S. rhynchotis), is a similar species.
Sideboard (n.) A piece of dining-room furniture having compartments and shelves for keeping or displaying articles of table service.
Sigillaria (n.) A genus of fossil trees principally found in the coal formation; -- so named from the seallike leaf scars in vertical rows on the surface.
Signature (v. t.) A resemblance between the external characters of a disease and those of some physical agent, for instance, that existing between the red skin of scarlet fever and a red cloth; -- supposed to indicate this agent in the treatment of the disease.
Simulacrum (n.) A likeness; a semblance; a mock appearance; a sham; -- now usually in a derogatory sense.
Singular (a.) Denoting one person or thing; as, the singular number; -- opposed to dual and plural.
Singular (a.) Departing from general usage or expectations; odd; whimsical; -- often implying disapproval or consure.
Sinister (a.) On the left hand, or the side of the left hand; left; -- opposed to dexter, or right.
Sinister (a.) Unlucky; inauspicious; disastrous; injurious; evil; -- the left being usually regarded as the unlucky side; as, sinister influences. Sinistral (a.) Of or pertaining to the left, inclining to the left; sinistrous; -- opposed to dextral.
Siphonarid (n.) Any one of numerous species of limpet-shaped pulmonate gastropods of the genus Siphonaria. They cling to rocks between high and low water marks and have both lunglike organs and gills.
Sminthurid (n.) Any one of numerous small species of springtails, of the family Sminthuridae, -- usually found on flowers. See Illust. under Collembola.
Soapberry tree () Any tree of the genus Sapindus, esp. Sapindus saponaria, the fleshy part of whose fruit is used instead of soap in washing linen; -- also called soap tree.
Solitaire (n.) A game which one person can play alone; -- applied to many games of cards, etc.; also, to a game played on a board with pegs or balls, in which the object is, beginning with all the places filled except one, to remove all but one of the pieces by "jumping," as in draughts.
Solitaire (n.) Any species of American thrushlike birds of the genus Myadestes. They are noted their sweet songs and retiring habits. Called also fly-catching thrush. A West Indian species (Myadestes sibilans) is called the invisible bird.
Songster (n.) One who sings; one skilled in singing; -- not often applied to human beings. Sonnet (n.) A short poem, -- usually amatory.
Spearwort (n.) A name given to several species of crowfoot (Ranunculus) which have spear-shaped leaves. Specksioneer (n.) The chief harpooner, who also directs in cutting up the speck, or blubber; -- so called among whalers.
Spectatrix (n.) A female beholder or looker-on.
Sphenogram (n.) A cuneiform, or arrow-headed, character.
Spiciform (a.) Spike-shaped.
Spilliard fishing () A system or method of fishing by means of a number of hooks set on snoods all on one line; -- in North America, called trawl fishing, bultow, or bultow fishing, and long-Spinigerous (a.) Bearing a spine or spines; thorn-bearing.
Spinster (n.) An unmarried or single woman; -- used in legal proceedings as a title, or addition to the surname.
Spinster (n.) A woman of evil life and character; -- so called from being forced to spin in a house of correction.
Squeaker (n.) The Australian gray crow shrile (Strepera anaphonesis); -- so called from its note.
Squeezer (n.) A machine like a large pair of pliers, for shingling, or squeezing, the balls of metal when puddled; -- used only in the plural.
Squeezer (n.) A machine of several forms for the same purpose; -- used in the singular.
Stanielry (n.) Hawking with staniels, -- a base kind of falconry.
Starboard (v. t.) That side of a vessel which is on the right hand of a person who stands on board facing the bow; -- opposed to larboard, or port.
Starboard (a.) Pertaining to the right-hand side of a ship; being or lying on the right side; as, the starboard quarter; starboard tack. Starfish (n.) Any one of numerous species of echinoderms belonging to the class Asterioidea, in which the body is star-shaped and usually has five rays, though the number of rays varies from five to forty or more. The rays are often long, but are sometimes so short as to appear only as angles to the disklike body. Called also sea star, five-
Steelyard (n.) A form of balance in which the body to be weighed is suspended from the shorter arm of a lever, which turns on a fulcrum, and a counterpoise is caused to slide upon the longer arm to produce equilibrium, its place upon this arm (which is notched or graduated) indicating the weight; a Roman balance; -- very commonly used also in the plural form, steelyards.
Stenodermine (a.) Of or pertaining to the genus Stenoderma, which includes several West Indian and South American nose-leaf bats.
Stitchery (n.) Needlework; -- in contempt.
Stonebird (n.) The yellowlegs; -- called also stone snipe. See Tattler, 2.
Stonewort (n.) Any plant of the genus Chara; -- so called because they are often incrusted with carbonate of lime. See Chara.
Stratigraphic (a.) Alt. of -ical
Strepsorhine (a.) Having twisted nostrils; -- said of the lemurs.
Subcontrary (a.) Having, or being in, a contrary order; -- said of a section of an oblique cone having a circular base made by a plane not parallel to the base, but so inclined to the axis that the section is a circle; applied also to two similar triangles when so placed as to have a common angle at the vertex, the opposite sides not being parallel.
Sulphoarsenic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, sulphur and arsenic; -- said of an acid which is the same as arsenic acid with the substitution of sulphur for oxygen.
Superior (a.) Beyond the power or influence of; too great or firm to be subdued or affected by; -- with to.
Superior (a.) Above the ovary; -- said of parts of the flower which, although normally below the ovary, adhere to it, and so appear to originate from its upper part; also of an ovary when the other floral organs are plainly below it in position, and free from it.
Superior (a.) Pointing toward the apex of the fruit; ascending; -- said of the radicle.
Tamanoir (n.) The ant-bear.
Tautegorical (a.) Expressing the same thing with different words; -- opposed to allegorical.
Temporariness (n.) The quality or state of being temporary; -- opposed to perpetuity.
Testamur (n.) A certificate of merit or proficiency; -- so called from the Latin words, Ita testamur, with which it commences.
Tetramerous (a.) Having four joints in each of the tarsi; -- said of certain insects.
Thimblerig (n.) A sleight-of-hand trick played with three small cups, shaped like thimbles, and a small ball or little pea.
Thresher (n.) A large and voracious shark (Alopias vulpes), remarkable for the great length of the upper lobe of its tail, with which it beats, or thrashes, its prey. It is found both upon the American and the European coasts. Called also fox shark, sea ape, sea fox, slasher, swingle-tail, and thrasher shark.
Thumbscrew (n.) A screw having a flat-sided or knurled head, so that it may be turned by the thumb and forefinger.
Torchwort (n.) The common mullein, the stalks of which, dipped in suet, anciently served for torches. Called also torch, and hig-taper.
Traditor (n.) A deliverer; -- a name of infamy given to Christians who delivered the Scriptures, or the goods of the church, to their persecutors to save their lives.
Transformism (n.) The hypothesis, or doctrine, that living beings have originated by the modification of some other previously existing forms of living matter; -- opposed to abiogenesis.
Transparent (a.) Having the property of transmitting rays of light, so that bodies can be distinctly seen through; pervious to light; diaphanous; pellucid; as, transparent glass; a transparent diamond; -- opposed to opaque.
Transport (v.) A vessel employed for transporting, especially for carrying soldiers, warlike stores, or provisions, from one place to another, or to convey convicts to their destination; -- called also transport ship, transport vessel.
Transverse (a.) Lying or being across, or in a crosswise direction; athwart; -- often opposed to longitudinal.
Trapdoor (n.) A door in a level for regulating the ventilating current; -- called also weather door.
Treebeard (n.) A pendulous branching lichen (Usnea barbata); -- so called from its resemblance to hair.
Tricolor (n.) Hence, any three-colored flag.
Trigastric (a.) Having three bellies; -- said of a muscle.
Trilateral (a.) Having three sides; being three-sided; as, a trilateral triangle.
Ulterior (a.) Situated beyond, or on the farther side; thither; -- correlative with hither.
Undifferentiated (a.) Not differentiated; specifically (Biol.), homogenous, or nearly so; -- said especially of young or embryonic tissues which have not yet undergone differentiation (see Differentiation, 3), that is, which show no visible separation into their different structural parts.
Unicameral (a.) Having, or consisting of, a single chamber; -- said of a legislative assembly.
Unilateral (a.) Being on one side only; affecting but one side; one-sided.
Unilateral (a.) Pertaining to one side; one-sided; as, a unilateral raceme, in which the flowers grow only on one side of a common axis, or are all turned to one side.
Unipolar (a.) Having but one pole or process; -- applied to those ganglionic nerve cells which have but one radiating process; -- opposed to multipolar.
Unmannerly (a.) Not mannerly; ill-bred; rude.
Upokororo (n.) An edible fresh-water New Zealand fish (Prototroctes oxyrhynchus) of the family Haplochitonidae. In general appearance and habits, it resembles the northern lake whitefishes and trout. Called also grayling.
Urogastric (a.) Behind the stomach; -- said of two lobes of the carapace of certain crustaceans.
Viameter (n.) An odometer; -- called also viatometer.
Villiform (a.) Having the form or appearance of villi; like close-set fibers, either hard or soft; as, the teeth of perch are villiform.
Virgularian (n.) Any one of numerous species of long, slender Alcyonaria belonging to Virgularia and allied genera of the family Virgularidae. These corals are allied to the sea-pens, but have a long rodlike rhachis inclosing a slender, round or square, calcareous axis. The polyps are arranged in transverse rows or clusters along each side of the rhachis.
Voyageur (n.) A traveler; -- applied in Canada to a man employed by the fur companies in transporting goods by the rivers and across the land, to and from the remote stations in the Northwest.
Washboard (n.) A broad, thin plank, fixed along the gunwale of boat to keep the sea from breaking inboard; also, a plank on the sill of a lower deck port, for the same purpose; -- called also wasteboard.
Waterwork (n.) Painting executed in size or distemper, on canvas or walls, -- formerly, frequently taking the place of tapestry.
Waterwork (n.) An hydraulic apparatus, or a system of works or fixtures, by which a supply of water is furnished for useful or ornamental purposes, including dams, sluices, pumps, aqueducts, distributing pipes, fountains, etc.; -- used chiefly in the plural.
Wentletrap (n.) Any one of numerous species of elegant, usually white, marine shells of the genus Scalaria, especially Scalaria pretiosa, which was formerly highly valued; -- called also staircase shell. See Scalaria.
Whatever (pron.) Anything soever which; the thing or things of any kind; being this or that; of one nature or another; one thing or another; anything that may be; all that; the whole that; all particulars that; -- used both substantively and adjectively.
Whealworm (n.) The harvest mite; -- so called from the wheals, caused by its bite.
Wherefore (adv. & conj.) For which reason; so; -- used relatively.
Wherefore (adv. & conj.) For what reason; why; -- used interrogatively.
Whiffler (n.) The golden-eye.
Whinberry (n.) The English bilberry; -- so called because it grows on moors among the whins, or furze.
Whistler (n.) The golden-eye.
Xanthoprotein (n.) A yellow acid substance formed by the action of hot nitric acid on albuminous or proteid matter. It is changed to a deep orange-yellow color by the addition of ammonia.
Xenopterygii (n. pl.) A suborder of fishes including Gobiesox and allied genera. These fishes have soft-rayed fins, and a ventral sucker supported in front by the pectoral fins. They are destitute of scales.
Xylanthrax (n.) Wood coal, or charcoal; -- so called in distinction from mineral coal.
Zygospore (n.) A spore formed by the union of several zoospores; -- called also zygozoospore.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 by Mark McCracken, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".