Words whose 8th letter is T
Abacinate (v. t.) To blind by a red-hot metal plate held before the eyes.
Abdicant (a.) Abdicating; renouncing; -- followed by of.
Abominate (v. t.) To turn from as ill-omened; to hate in the highest degree, as if with religious dread; loathe; as, to abominate all impiety.
Absonant (a.) Discordant; contrary; -- opposed to consonant.
Abstract (a.) Expressing a particular property of an object viewed apart from the other properties which constitute it; -- opposed to concrete; as, honesty is an abstract word.
Abundant (a.) Fully sufficient; plentiful; in copious supply; -- followed by in, rarely by with.
Abutment (n.) In breech-loading firearms, the block behind the barrel which receives the pressure due to recoil.
Achromatic (a.) Uncolored; not absorbing color from a fluid; -- said of tissue.
Acquaint (v. t.) To furnish or give experimental knowledge of; to make (one) to know; to make familiar; -- followed by with.
Acquaint (v. t.) To communicate notice to; to inform; to make cognizant; -- followed by with (formerly, also, by of), or by that, introducing the intelligence; as, to acquaint a friend with the particulars of an act.
Acroamatical (a.) Communicated orally; oral; -- applied to the esoteric teachings of Aristotle, those intended for his genuine disciples, in distinction from his exoteric doctrines, which were adapted to outsiders or the public generally. Hence: Abstruse; profound.
Adducent (a.) Bringing together or towards a given point; -- a word applied to those muscles of the body which pull one part towards another. Opposed to abducent.
Adjutant (n.) A species of very large stork (Ciconia argala), a native of India; -- called also the gigantic crane, and by the native name argala. It is noted for its serpent-destroying habits.
Adscript (a.) Held to service as attached to the soil; -- said of feudal serfs.
Adventitious (a.) Accidentally or sparingly spontaneous in a country or district; not fully naturalized; adventive; -- applied to foreign plants.
Aestivation (n.) The state of torpidity induced by the heat and dryness of summer, as in certain snails; -- opposed to hibernation.
Afferent (a.) Bearing or conducting inwards to a part or organ; -- opposed to efferent; as, afferent vessels; afferent nerves, which convey sensations from the external organs to the brain.
Affiliate (v. t.) To fix the paternity of; -- said of an illegitimate child; as, to affiliate the child to (or on or upon) one man rather than another.
Affiliate (v. t.) To attach (to) or unite (with); to receive into a society as a member, and initiate into its mysteries, plans, etc.; -- followed by to or with.
Affiliate (v. i.) To connect or associate one's self; -- followed by with; as, they affiliate with no party.
Affirmation (n.) The act of affirming or asserting as true; assertion; -- opposed to negation or denial.
Affirmative (a.) That affirms; asserting that the fact is so; declaratory of what exists; answering "yes" to a question; -- opposed to negative; as, an affirmative answer; an affirmative vote.
Affirmative (a.) Positive; -- a term applied to quantities which are to be added, and opposed to negative, or such as are to be subtracted.
Affirmative (n.) That which affirms as opposed to that which denies; an affirmative proposition; that side of question which affirms or maintains the proposition stated; -- opposed to negative; as, there were forty votes in the affirmative, and ten in the negative.
Affirmatively (adv.) In an affirmative manner; on the affirmative side of a question; in the affirmative; -- opposed to negatively.
Aggravation (n.) The act of aggravating, or making worse; -- used of evils, natural or moral; the act of increasing in severity or heinousness; something additional to a crime or wrong and enhancing its guilt or injurious consequences.
Aggregate (a.) United into a common organized mass; -- said of certain compound animals.
Aggregate (n.) A mass formed by the union of homogeneous particles; -- in distinction from a compound, formed by the union of heterogeneous particles.
Alleviate (v. t.) To lighten or lessen (physical or mental troubles); to mitigate, or make easier to be endured; as, to alleviate sorrow, pain, care, etc. ; -- opposed to aggravate.
Alternate (v. i.) To happen, succeed, or act by turns; to follow reciprocally in place or time; -- followed by with; as, the flood and ebb tides alternate with each other.
Altruist (n.) One imbued with altruism; -- opposed to egoist.
Altruistic (a.) Regardful of others; beneficent; unselfish; -- opposed to egoistic or selfish.
Amadavat (n.) The strawberry finch, a small Indian song bird (Estrelda amandava), commonly caged and kept for fighting. The female is olive brown; the male, in summer, mostly crimson; -- called also red waxbill.
Ambidexter (n.) A double-dealer; one equally ready to act on either side in party disputes.
Ambidexterity (n.) Double-dealing.
Ambidextral (a.) Pertaining equally to the right-hand side and the left-hand side.
Amphiaster (n.) The achromatic figure, formed in mitotic cell-division, consisting of two asters connected by a spindle-shaped bundle of rodlike fibers diverging from each aster, and called the spindle.
Ampullated (a.) Having an ampulla; flask-shaped; bellied.
Anaclastics (n.) That part of optics which treats of the refraction of light; -- commonly called dioptrics.
Anaglyptography (n.) The art of copying works in relief, or of engraving as to give the subject an embossed or raised appearance; -- used in representing coins, bas-reliefs, etc.
Anatreptic (a.) Overthrowing; defeating; -- applied to Plato's refutative dialogues.
Anchorate (a.) Anchor-shaped.
Anisometric (a.) Not isometric; having unsymmetrical parts; -- said of crystals with three unequal axes.
Antiquated (a.) Grown old. Hence: Bygone; obsolete; out of use; old-fashioned; as, an antiquated law.
Antirenter (n.) One opposed to the payment of rent; esp. one of those who in 1840-47 resisted the collection of rents claimed by the patroons from the settlers on certain manorial lands in the State of New York.
Apheliotropic (a.) Turning away from the sun; -- said of leaves, etc.
Apheliotropism (n.) The habit of bending from the sunlight; -- said of certain plants.
Aphilanthropy (n.) Want of love to mankind; -- the opposite of philanthropy.
Archilute (n.) A large theorbo, or double-necked lute, formerly in use, having the bass strings doubled with an octave, and the higher strings with a unison.
Argentite (n.) Sulphide of silver; -- also called vitreous silver, or silver glance. It has a metallic luster, a lead-gray color, and is sectile like lead.
Armament (n.) A body of forces equipped for war; -- used of a land or naval force.
Arreptitious (a.) Snatched away; seized or possessed, as a demoniac; raving; mad; crack-brained.
Arrogant (a.) Making, or having the disposition to make, exorbitant claims of rank or estimation; giving one's self an undue degree of importance; assuming; haughty; -- applied to persons.
Arrogant (a.) Containing arrogance; marked with arrogance; proceeding from undue claims or self-importance; -- applied to things; as, arrogant pretensions or behavior.
Arrogantly (adv.) In an arrogant manner; with undue pride or self-importance.
Assiduity (n.) Studied and persevering attention to a person; -- usually in the plural.
Assignat (n.) One of the notes, bills, or bonds, issued as currency by the revolutionary government of France (1790-1796), and based on the security of the lands of the church and of nobles which had been appropriated by the state.
Assignation (n.) An appointment of time and place for meeting or interview; -- used chiefly of love interviews, and now commonly in a bad sense.
Atacamite (n.) An oxychloride of copper, usually in emerald-green prismatic crystals.
Auspicate (v. t.) To give a favorable turn to in commencing; to inaugurate; -- a sense derived from the Roman practice of taking the auspicium, or inspection of birds, before undertaking any important business.
Autocratrix (n.) A female sovereign who is independent and absolute; -- a title given to the empresses of Russia.
Bacchant (a.) Bacchanalian; fond of drunken revelry; wine-loving; reveling; carousing.
Bakemeat (n.) Alt. of Baked-meat
Bankruptcy (n.) Complete loss; -- followed by of.
Banneret (n.) Originally, a knight who led his vassals into the field under his own banner; -- commonly used as a title of rank.
Bellwort (n.) A genus of plants (Uvularia) with yellowish bell-shaped flowers.
Benedictus (a.) The song of Zacharias at the birth of John the Baptist (Luke i. 68); -- so named from the first word of the Latin version.
Bergamot (n.) A tree of the Orange family (Citrus bergamia), having a roundish or pear-shaped fruit, from the rind of which an essential oil of delicious odor is extracted, much prized as a perfume. Also, the fruit.
Bergamot (n.) A coarse tapestry, manufactured from flock of cotton or hemp, mixed with ox's or goat's hair; -- said to have been invented at Bergamo, Italy. Encyc. Brit.
Bicaudate (a.) Two-tailed; bicaudal.
Bidentate (a.) Having two teeth or two toothlike processes; two-toothed.
Bifoliate (a.) Having two leaves; two-leaved.
Bifurcated (a.) Two-pronged; forked.
Binervate (a.) Two-nerved; -- applied to leaves which have two longitudinal ribs or nerves.
Bloodletting (n.) The act or process of letting blood or bleeding, as by opening a vein or artery, or by cupping or leeches; -- esp. applied to venesection.
Bluebottle (n.) A plant (Centaurea cyanus) which grows in grain fields. It receives its name from its blue bottle-shaped flowers.
Bockelet (n.) A kind of long-winged hawk; -- called also bockerel, and bockeret.
Bogtrotter (n.) One who lives in a boggy country; -- applied in derision to the lowest class of Irish.
Bonesetter (n.) One who sets broken or dislocated bones; -- commonly applied to one, not a regular surgeon, who makes an occupation of setting bones.
Brassart (n.) Armor for the arm; -- generally used for the whole arm from the shoulder to the wrist, and consisting, in the 15th and 16th centuries, of many parts.
Brochantite (n.) A basic sulphate of copper, occurring in emerald-green crystals.
Bromyrite (n.) Silver bromide, a rare mineral; -- called also bromargyrite.
Buccinator (n.) A muscle of the cheek; -- so called from its use in blowing wind instruments.
Bullwort (n.) See Bishop's-weed.
Bunodonts (n. pl.) A division of the herbivorous mammals including the hogs and hippopotami; -- so called because the teeth are tuberculated.
Byssolite (n.) An olive-green fibrous variety of hornblende.
Cabrerite (n.) An apple-green mineral, a hydrous arseniate of nickel, cobalt, and magnesia; -- so named from the Sierra Cabrera, Spain.
Castanets (n. pl.) Two small, concave shells of ivory or hard wood, shaped like spoons, fastened to the thumb, and beaten together with the middle finger; -- used by the Spaniards and Moors as an accompaniment to their dance and guitars.
Castigatory (n.) An instrument formerly used to punish and correct arrant scolds; -- called also a ducking stool, or trebucket.
Cataract (n.) A kind of hydraulic brake for regulating the action of pumping engines and other machines; -- sometimes called dashpot.
Celebrity (n.) A person of distinction or renown; -- usually in the plural; as, he is one of the celebrities of the place.
Centimetre (n.) The hundredth part of a meter; a measure of length equal to rather more than thirty-nine hundredths (0.3937) of an inch. See Meter.
Cephalata (n. pl.) A large division of Mollusca, including all except the bivalves; -- so called because the head is distinctly developed. See Illustration in Appendix.
Cephalotomy (n.) Craniotomy; -- usually applied to bisection of the fetal head with a saw.
Chalybite (n.) Native iron carbonate; -- usually called siderite.
Checkmate (n.) The position in the game of chess when a king is in check and cannot be released, -- which ends the game.
Chemisette (n.) An under-garment, worn by women, usually covering the neck, shoulders, and breast.
Chestnut (n.) The tree itself, or its light, coarse-grained timber, used for ornamental work, furniture, etc. Chevron (n.) A distinguishing mark, above the elbow, on the sleeve of a non-commissioned officer's coat.
Chlormethane (n.) A colorless gas, CH3Cl, of a sweet odor, easily condensed to a liquid; -- called also methyl chloride.
Circinate (a.) Rolled together downward, the tip occupying the center; -- a term used in reference to foliation or leafing, as in ferns.
Circulation (n.) The movement of the blood in the blood-vascular system, by which it is brought into close relations with almost every living elementary constituent. Also, the movement of the sap in the vessels and tissues of plants. Circumesophagal (a.) Surrounding the esophagus; -- in Zool. said of the nerve commissures and ganglia of arthropods and mollusks.
Circumstantial (n.) Something incidental to the main subject, but of less importance; opposed to an essential; -- generally in the plural; as, the circumstantials of religion.
Clypeastroid (a.) Like or related to the genus Clupeaster; -- applied to a group of flattened sea urchins, with a rosette of pores on the upper side.
Coarctate (a.) Pressed together; closely connected; -- applied to insects having the abdomen separated from the thorax only by a constriction.
Cobaltite (n.) A mineral of a nearly silver-white color, composed of arsenic, sulphur, and cobalt.
Cobblestone (n.) A large pebble; a rounded stone not too large to be handled; a small boulder; -- used for paving streets and for other purposes.
Coccolith (n.) One of a kind of minute, calcareous bodies, probably vegetable, often abundant in deep-sea mud.
Cocoanut (n.) The large, hard-shelled nut of the cocoa palm. It yields an agreeable milky liquid and a white meat or albumen much used as food and in making oil.
Coherent (a.) Logically consistent; -- applied to persons; as, a coherent thinker.
Columbite (n.) A mineral of a black color, submetallic luster, and high specific specific gravity. It is a niobate (or columbate) of iron and manganese, containing tantalate of iron; -- first found in New England.
Combination (n.) The result of combining or uniting; union of persons or things; esp. a union or alliance of persons or states to effect some purpose; -- usually in a bad sense.
Commodity (n.) That which affords convenience, advantage, or profit, especially in commerce, including everything movable that is bought and sold (except animals), -- goods, wares, merchandise, produce of land and manufactures, etc.
Comparative (a.) Expressing a degree greater or less than the positive degree of the quality denoted by an adjective or adverb. The comparative degree is formed from the positive by the use of -er, more, or less; as, brighter, more bright, or less bright.
Comparator (n.) An instrument or machine for comparing anything to be measured with a standard measure; -- applied especially to a machine for comparing standards of length.
Competition (n.) The act of seeking, or endeavoring to gain, what another is endeavoring to gain at the same time; common strife for the same objects; strife for superiority; emulous contest; rivalry, as for approbation, for a prize, or as where two or more persons are engaged in the same business and each seeking patronage; -- followed by for before the object sought, and with before the person or thing competed with.
Composition (n.) A literary, musical, or artistic production, especially one showing study and care in arrangement; -- often used of an elementary essay or translation done as an educational exercise.
Compunct (a.) Affected with compunction; conscience-stricken.
Conjugate (a.) Agreeing in derivation and radical signification; -- said of words.
Conjugate (a.) Presenting themselves simultaneously and having reciprocal properties; -- frequently used in pure and applied mathematics with reference to two quantities, points, lines, axes, curves, etc.
Conjugation (n.) A kind of sexual union; -- applied to a blending of the contents of two or more cells or individuals in some plants and lower animals, by which new spores or germs are developed.
Consecutive (a.) Having similarity of sequence; -- said of certain parallel progressions of two parts in a piece of harmony; as, consecutive fifths, or consecutive octaves, which are forbidden.
Constant (v. t.) Firm; solid; fixed; immovable; -- opposed to fluid.
Constant (n.) A quantity that does not change its value; -- used in countradistinction to variable.
Consubstantiation (n.) The actual, substantial presence of the body of Christ with the bread and wine of the sacrament of the Lord's Supper; impanation; -- opposed to transubstantiation.
Consumption (n.) A progressive wasting away of the body; esp., that form of wasting, attendant upon pulmonary phthisis and associated with cough, spitting of blood, hectic fever, etc.; pulmonary phthisis; -- called also pulmonary consumption.
Contraction (n.) Something contracted or abbreviated, as a word or phrase; -- as, plenipo for plenipotentiary; crim. con. for criminal conversation, etc.
Convolute (a.) Rolled or wound together, one part upon another; -- said of the leaves of plants in aestivation.
Cootfoot (n.) The phalarope; -- so called because its toes are like the coot's.
Corbiestep (n.) One of the steps in which a gable wall is often finished in place of a continuous slope; -- also called crowstep.
Corselet (n.) Armor for the body, as, the body breastplate and backpiece taken together; -- also, used for the entire suit of the day, including breastplate and backpiece, tasset and headpiece.
Couchant (v. t.) Lying down with the head raised, which distinguishes the posture of couchant from that of dormant, or sleeping; -- said of a lion or other beast.
Counterterm (n.) A term or word which is the opposite of, or antithesis to, another; an antonym; -- the opposite of synonym; as, "foe" is the counterterm of "friend".
Covellite (n.) A native sulphide of copper, occuring in masses of a dark blue color; -- hence called indigo copper.
Covenant (n.) An agreement made by the Scottish Parliament in 1638, and by the English Parliament in 1643, to preserve the reformed religion in Scotland, and to extirpate popery and prelacy; -- usually called the "Solemn League and Covenant."
Crescent (n.) The emblem of the increasing moon with horns directed upward, when used in a coat of arms; -- often used as a mark of cadency to distinguish a second son and his descendants.
Crescentic (a.) Crescent-shaped.
Crossette (n.) A return in one of the corners of the architrave of a door or window; -- called also ancon, ear, elbow. Crosslet (a.) Crossed again; -- said of a cross the arms of which are crossed. SeeCross-crosslet.
Crosslet (a.) Crossed again; -- said of a cross the arms of which are crossed. SeeCross-crosslet.
Crosspatch (n.) An ill-natured person.
Cucurbite (n.) A vessel or flask for distillation, used with, or forming part of, an alembic; a matrass; -- originally in the shape of a gourd, with a wide mouth. See Alembic.
Cucurbitive (a.) Having the shape of a gourd seed; -- said of certain small worms.
Culminate (a.) Growing upward, as distinguished from a lateral growth; -- applied to the growth of corals.
Cultivation (n.) Bestowal of time or attention for self-improvement or for the benefit of others; fostering care.
Damewort (n.) A cruciferrous plant (Hesperis matronalis), remarkable for its fragrance, especially toward the close of the day; -- called also rocket and dame's violet.
Danewort (n.) A fetid European species of elder (Sambucus Ebulus); dwarf elder; wallwort; elderwort; -- called also Daneweed, Dane's weed, and Dane's-blood. [Said to grow on spots where battles were fought against the Danes.]
Deadbeat (a.) Making a beat without recoil; giving indications by a single beat or excursion; -- said of galvanometers and other instruments in which the needle or index moves to the extent of its deflection and stops with little or no further oscillation. Deadlock (n.) A lock which is not self-latching, but requires a key to throw the bolt forward.
Deathwatch (n.) A small wingless insect, of the family Psocidae, which makes a similar but fainter sound; -- called also deathtick.
Declivity (n.) Deviation from a horizontal line; gradual descent of surface; inclination downward; slope; -- opposed to acclivity, or ascent; the same slope, considered as descending, being a declivity, which, considered as ascending, is an acclivity.
Decollation (n.) The act of beheading or state of one beheaded; -- especially used of the execution of St. John the Baptist.
Decollete (a.) Leaving the neck and shoulders uncovered; cut low in the neck, or low-necked, as a dress.
Decussate (v. t.) To cross at an acute angle; to cut or divide in the form of X; to intersect; -- said of lines in geometrical figures, rays of light, nerves, etc.
Defalcate (v. t.) To cut off; to take away or deduct a part of; -- used chiefly of money, accounts, rents, income, etc.
Defalcation (n.) A lopping off; a diminution; abatement; deficit. Specifically: Reduction of a claim by deducting a counterclaim; set- off.
Democratic (a.) Befitting the common people; -- opposed to aristocratic.
Dereliction (n.) A retiring of the sea, occasioning a change of high-water mark, whereby land is gained.
Desecrate (v. t.) To divest of a sacred character or office; to divert from a sacred purpose; to violate the sanctity of; to profane; to put to an unworthy use; -- the opposite of consecrate.
Desiccator (n.) A short glass jar fitted with an air-tight cover, and containing some desiccating agent, as sulphuric acid or calcium chloride, above which is suspended the material to be dried, or preserved from moisture.
Designate (v. t.) To indicate or set apart for a purpose or duty; -- with to or for; to designate an officer for or to the command of a post or station.
Desperate (a.) Extreme, in a bad sense; outrageous; -- used to mark the extreme predominance of a bad quality.
Destitute (a.) Forsaken; not having in possession (something necessary, or desirable); deficient; lacking; devoid; -- often followed by of.
Destitute (v. t.) To make destitute; to cause to be in want; to deprive; -- followed by of.
Destructionist (n.) One who believes in the final destruction or complete annihilation of the wicked; -- called also annihilationist.
Destructive (a.) Causing destruction; tending to bring about ruin, death, or devastation; ruinous; fatal; productive of serious evil; mischievous; pernicious; -- often with of or to; as, intemperance is destructive of health; evil examples are destructive to the morals of youth.
Dexterity (n.) Right-handedness.
Diacoustics (n.) That branch of natural philosophy which treats of the properties of sound as affected by passing through different mediums; -- called also diaphonics. See the Note under Acoustics.
Dichroite (n.) Iolite; -- so called from its presenting two different colors when viewed in two different directions. See Iolite.
Disjoint (a.) Disjointed; unconnected; -- opposed to conjoint.
Dismount (v. t.) To throw or remove from the carriage, or from that on which a thing is mounted; to break the carriage or wheels of, and render useless; to deprive of equipments or mountings; -- said esp. of artillery.
Disparity (n.) Inequality; difference in age, rank, condition, or excellence; dissimilitude; -- followed by between, in, of, as to, etc.; as, disparity in, or of, years; a disparity as to color.
Disposition (n.) Natural or prevailing spirit, or temperament of mind, especially as shown in intercourse with one's fellow-men; temper of mind.
Dispositioned (a.) Having (such) a disposition; -- used in compounds; as, well-dispositioned.
Dissipate (v. t.) To scatter completely; to disperse and cause to disappear; -- used esp. of the dispersion of things that can never again be collected or restored.
Distinct (a.) Separate in place; not conjunct; not united by growth or otherwise; -- with from.
Distinct (a.) So separated as not to be confounded with any other thing; not liable to be misunderstood; not confused; well-defined; clear; as, we have a distinct or indistinct view of a prospect.
Distract (v. t.) To unsettle the reason of; to render insane; to craze; to madden; -- most frequently used in the participle, distracted.
Distrait (a.) Absent-minded; lost in thought; abstracted.
Document (n.) An original or official paper relied upon as the basis, proof, or support of anything else; -- in its most extended sense, including any writing, book, or other instrument conveying information in the case; any material substance on which the thoughts of men are represented by any species of conventional mark or symbol.
Domeykite (n.) A massive mineral of tin-white or steel-gray color, an arsenide of copper.
Domiculture (n.) The art of house-keeping, cookery, etc.
Dragonet (n.) A small British marine fish (Callionymuslyra); -- called also yellow sculpin, fox, and gowdie.
Duckmeat (n.) Alt. of Duck's-meat
Edgeshot (a.) Having an edge planed, -- said of a board.
Efferent (a.) Conveying outward, or discharging; -- applied to certain blood vessels, lymphatics, nerves, etc.
Efferent (a.) Conveyed outward; as, efferent impulses, i. e., such as are conveyed by the motor or efferent nerves from the central nervous organ outwards; -- opposed to afferent.
Eggplant (n.) A plant (Solanum Melongena), of East Indian origin, allied to the tomato, and bearing a large, smooth, edible fruit, shaped somewhat like an egg; mad-apple.
Eightieth (a.) The next in order after seventy-ninth.
Elaterite (n.) A mineral resin, of a blackish brown color, occurring in soft, flexible masses; -- called also mineral caoutchouc, and elastic bitumen.
Electrotonic (a.) Of or pertaining to electrical tension; -- said of a supposed peculiar condition of a conducting circuit during its exposure to the action of another conducting circuit traversed by a uniform electric current when both circuits remain stationary. Electrum (n.) German-silver plate. See German silver, under German.
Empiristic (a.) Relating to, or resulting from, experience, or experiment; following from empirical methods or data; -- opposed to nativistic.
Encratite (n.) One of a sect in the 2d century who abstained from marriage, wine, and animal food; -- called also Continent.
Entogastric (a.) Pertaining to the interior of the stomach; -- applied to a mode of budding from the interior of the gastric cavity, in certain hydroids.
Epideictic (a.) Serving to show forth, explain, or exhibit; -- applied by the Greeks to a kind of oratory, which, by full amplification, seeks to persuade.
Equitant (a.) Overlapping each other; -- said of leaves whose bases are folded so as to overlap and bestride the leaves within or above them, as in the iris.
Erumpent (a.) Breaking out; -- said of certain fungi which burst through the texture of leaves.
Erythrite (n.) A colorless crystalErythrite (n.) A rose-red mineral, crystallized and earthy, a hydrous arseniate of cobalt, known also as cobalt bloom; -- called also erythrin or erythrine.
Essorant (a.) Standing, but with the wings spread, as if about to fly; -- said of a bird borne as a charge on an escutcheon.
Eucairite (n.) A metallic mineral, a selenide of copper and silver; -- so called by Berzelius on account of its being found soon after the discovery of the metal selenium.
Eudiometer (n.) An instrument for the volumetric measurement of gases; -- so named because frequently used to determine the purity of the air.
Euphuist (n.) One who affects excessive refinement and elegance of language; -- applied esp. to a class of writers, in the age of Elizabeth, whose productions are marked by affected conceits and high-flown diction.
Excarnation (n.) The act of depriving or divesting of flesh; excarnification; -- opposed to incarnation.
Exclamation (n.) A mark or sign by which outcry or emphatic utterance is marked; thus [!]; -- called also exclamation point.
Explicit (a.) Having no disguised meaning or reservation; unreserved; outspoken; -- applied to persons; as, he was earnest and explicit in his statement.
Exquisite (a.) Exceeding; extreme; keen; -- used in a bad or a good sense; as, exquisite pain or pleasure.
Extenuate (v. t.) To lessen; to palliate; to lessen or weaken the force of; to diminish the conception of, as crime, guilt, faults, ills, accusations, etc.; -- opposed to aggravate.
Faineant (n.) A do-nothing; an idle fellow; a sluggard.
Feldspath (n.) A name given to a group of minerals, closely related in crystalFibrolite (n.) A silicate of alumina, of fibrous or columnar structure. It is like andalusite in composition; -- called also sillimanite, and bucholizite.
Fifteenth (a.) Next in order after the fourteenth; -- the ordinal of fifteen.
Filibuster (n.) A lawless military adventurer, especially one in quest of plunder; a freebooter; -- originally applied to buccaneers infesting the Spanish American coasts, but introduced into common English to designate the followers of Lopez in his expedition to Cuba in 1851, and those of Walker in his expedition to Nicaragua, in 1855.
Fimbriated (a.) Having a very narrow border of another tincture; -- said esp. of an ordinary or subordinary.
Flatboat (n.) A boat with a flat bottom and square ends; -- used for the transportation of bulky freight, especially in shallow waters.
Forefoot (n.) One of the anterior feet of a quardruped or multiped; -- usually written fore foot.
Frogmouth (n.) One of several species of Asiatic and East Indian birds of the genus Batrachostomus (family Podargidae); -- so called from their very broad, flat bills.
Frugality (n.) The quality of being frugal; prudent economy; that careful management of anything valuable which expends nothing unnecessarily, and applies what is used to a profitable purpose; thrift; --- opposed to extravagance.
Fulgurata (n.) A spectro-electric tube in which the decomposition of a liquid by the passage of an electric spark is observed.
Fulgurating (a.) Resembling lightning; -- used to describe intense lancinating pains accompanying locomotor ataxy.
Fulguration (n.) The sudden brightening of a fused globule of gold or silver, when the last film of the oxide of lead or copper leaves its surface; -- also called blick.
Fulminate (v. t.) To utter or send out with denunciations or censures; -- said especially of menaces or censures uttered by ecclesiastical authority.
Gallivat (n.) A small armed vessel, with sails and oars, -- used on the Malabar coast.
Gapingstock (n.) One who is an object of open-mouthed wonder. Garble (n.) Impurities separated from spices, drugs, etc.; -- also called garblings.
Gatepost (n.) A post to which a gate is hung; -- called also swinging / hinging post.
Gatepost (n.) A post against which a gate closes; -- called also shutting post.
Gentility (n.) The quality or qualities appropriate to those who are well born, as self-respect, dignity, courage, courtesy, politeness of manner, a graceful and easy mien and behavior, etc.; good breeding.
Goutwort (n.) A coarse umbelliferous plant of Europe (Aegopodium Podagraria); -- called also bishop's weed, ashweed, and herb gerard.
Granulite (n.) A whitish, granular rock, consisting of feldspar and quartz intimately mixed; -- sometimes called whitestone, and leptynite.
Greenlet (n.) l. (Zool.) One of numerous species of small American singing birds, of the genus Vireo, as the solitary, or blue-headed (Vireo solitarius); the brotherly-love (V. Philadelphicus); the warbling greenlet (V. gilvus); the yellow-throated greenlet (V. flavifrons) and others. See Vireo.
Guitguit (n.) One of several species of small tropical American birds of the family Coerebidae, allied to the creepers; -- called also quit. See Quit.
Gymnophthalmata (n. pl.) A group of acalephs, including the naked-eyed medusae; the hydromedusae. Most of them are known to be the free-swimming progeny (gonophores) of hydroids.
Gyracanthus (n.) A genus of fossil fishes, found in Devonian and carboniferous strata; -- so named from their round, sculptured spines.
Habitant (v. t.) An inhabitant or resident; -- a name applied to and denoting farmers of French descent or origin in Canada, especially in the Province of Quebec; -- usually in plural.
Haecceity () Literally, this-ness. A scholastic term to express individuality or singleness; as, this book.
Haematitic (a.) Of a blood-red color; crimson; (Bot.) brownish red.
Haematothermal (a.) Warm-blooded; homoiothermal.
Harefoot (n.) A long, narrow foot, carried (that is, produced or extending) forward; -- said of dogs.
Hatchettite (n.) Mineral t/ low; a waxy or spermaceti-like substance, commonly of a greenish yellow color.
Haurient (a.) In pale, with the head in chief; -- said of the figure of a fish, as if rising for air.
Heliolite (n.) A fossil coral of the genus Heliolites, having twelve-rayed cells. It is found in the Silurian rocks.
Herrnhuter (n.) One of the Moravians; -- so called from the settlement of Herrnhut (the Lord's watch) made, about 1722, by the Moravians at the invitation of Nicholas Lewis, count of Zinzendorf, upon his estate in the circle of Bautzen.
Hiddenite (n.) An emerald-green variety of spodumene found in North Carolina; lithia emerald, -- used as a gem.
Hippurite (n.) A fossil bivalve mollusk of the genus Hippurites, of many species, having a conical, cup-shaped under valve, with a flattish upper valve or lid. Hippurites are found only in the Cretaceous rocks.
Holdfast (n.) Something used to secure and hold in place something else, as a long fiat-headed nail, a catch a hook, a clinch, a clamp, etc.; hence, a support.
Holophotal (a.) Causing no loss of light; -- applied to reflectors which throw back the rays of light without perceptible loss.
Holophote (n.) A lamp with lenses or reflectors to collect the rays of light and throw them in a given direction; -- used in lighthouses.
Homacanth (a.) Having the dorsal fin spines symmetrical, and in the same line; -- said of certain fishes.
Homodont (a.) Having all the teeth similar in front, as in the porpoises; -- opposed to heterodont.
Honewort (n.) An umbelliferous plant of the genus Sison (S. Amomum); -- so called because used to cure a swelling called a hone.
Hotchpotch (n.) A blending of property for equality of division, as when lands given in frank-marriage to one daughter were, after the death of the ancestor, blended with the lands descending to her and to her sisters from the same ancestor, and then divided in equal portions among all the daughters. In modern usage, a mixing together, or throwing into a common mass or stock, of the estate left by a person deceased and the amounts advanced to any particular child or children, for the purpose o>
Hydrometeor (n.) A meteor or atmospheric phenomenon dependent upon the vapor of water; -- in the pl., a general term for the whole aqueous phenomena of the atmosphere, as rain, snow, hail, etc.
Hydropathist (n.) One who practices hydropathy; a water-cure doctor.
Hygrophthalmic (a.) Serving to moisten the eye; -- sometimes applied to the lachrymal ducts.
Hypermetropy (n.) A condition of the eye in which, through shortness of the eyeball or fault of the refractive media, the rays of light come to a focus behind the retina; farsightedness; -- called also hyperopia. Cf. Emmetropia.
Hypocrateriform (a.) hypocraterimorphous; salver-shaped.
Hypocraterimorphous (a.) Salver-shaped; having a slender tube, expanding suddenly above into a bowl-shaped or spreading border, as in the blossom of the phlox and the lilac.
Hypoxanthin (n.) A crystalline, nitrogenous substance, closely related to xanthin and uric acid, widely distributed through the animal body, but especially in muscle tissue; -- called also sarcin, sarkin.
Iatromathematician (n.) One of a school of physicians in Italy, about the middle of the 17th century, who tried to apply the laws of mechanics and mathematics to the human body, and hence were eager student of anatomy; -- opposed to the iatrochemists.
Iconolatry (n.) The worship of images as symbols; -- distinguished from idolatry, the worship of images themselves.
Icositetrahedron (n.) A twenty-four-sided solid; a tetragonal trisoctahedron or trapezohedron. Id (n.) A small fresh-water cyprinoid fish (Leuciscus idus or Idus idus) of Europe. A domesticated variety, colored like the goldfish, is called orfe in Germany.
Ignorant (a.) Unacquainted with; unconscious or unaware; -- used with of.
Imagination (n.) The imagine-making power of the mind; the power to create or reproduce ideally an object of sense previously perceived; the power to call up mental imagines.
Immanent (a.) Remaining within; inherent; indwelling; abiding; intrinsic; internal or subjective; hence, limited in activity, agency, or effect, to the subject or associated acts; -- opposed to emanant, transitory, transitive, or objective.
Immediately (adv.) In an immediate manner; without intervention of any other person or thing; proximately; directly; -- opposed to mediately; as, immediately contiguous.
Imminent (a.) Threatening to occur immediately; near at hand; impending; -- said especially of misfortune or peril.
Implicate (v. t.) To bring into connection with; to involve; to connect; -- applied to persons, in an unfavorable sense; as, the evidence implicates many in this conspiracy; to be implicated in a crime, a discreditable transaction, a fault, etc.
Importation (v. t.) The act or practice of importing, or bringing into a country or state; -- opposed to exportation.
Impotent (a.) Wanting the power of self-restraint; incontrolled; ungovernable; violent. Impracticable (a.) Not to be overcome, presuaded, or controlled by any reasonable method; unmanageable; intractable; not capable of being easily dealt with; -- used in a general sense, as applied to a person or thing that is difficult to control or get along with.
Incarnate (a.) Flesh-colored; rosy; red.
Incognita (n.) The state of being in disguise; -- said of a woman.
Incognito (a. / adv.) Without being known; in disguise; in an assumed character, or under an assumed title; -- said esp. of great personages who sometimes adopt a disguise or an assumed character in order to avoid notice.
Indigent (a.) Wanting; void; free; destitute; -- used with of.
Indigested (a.) Not in a state suitable for healing; -- said of wounds.
Indigested (a.) Not ripened or suppurated; -- said of an abscess or its contents.
IndoBriton (n.) A person born in India, of mixed Indian and British blood; a half-caste.
Inglobate (a.) In the form of a globe or sphere; -- applied to nebulous matter collected into a sphere by the force of gravitation. Ingrain (a.) Dyed before manufacture, -- said of the material of a textile fabric; hence, in general, thoroughly inwrought; forming an essential part of the substance.
Inoculate (v. t.) Fig.: To introduce into the mind; -- used especially of harmful ideas or principles; to imbue; as, to inoculate one with treason or infidelity.
Insabbatati (n. pl.) The Waldenses; -- so called from their peculiary cut or marked sabots, or shoes.
Insinuate (v. t.) To hint; to suggest by remote allusion; -- often used derogatorily; as, did you mean to insinuate anything?
Insinuate (v. t.) To push or work (one's self), as into favor; to introduce by slow, gentle, or artful means; to ingratiate; -- used reflexively.
Insinuation (n.) The act of gaining favor, affection, or influence, by gentle or artful means; -- formerly used in a good sense, as of friendly influence or interposition.
Inspiration (n.) The act of inspiring or breathing in; breath; specif. (Physiol.), the drawing of air into the lungs, accomplished in mammals by elevation of the chest walls and flattening of the diaphragm; -- the opposite of expiration.
Instigate (v. t.) To goad or urge forward; to set on; to provoke; to incite; -- used chiefly with reference to evil actions; as to instigate one to a crime.
Integrity (n.) Moral soundness; honesty; freedom from corrupting influence or motive; -- used especially with reference to the fulfillment of contracts, the discharge of agencies, trusts, and the like; uprightness; rectitude.
Interest (n.) To be concerned with or engaged in; to affect; to concern; to excite; -- often used impersonally.
Interest (n.) Premium paid for the use of money, -- usually reckoned as a percentage; as, interest at five per cent per annum on ten thousand dollars.
Intrapetiolar (a.) Situated between the petiole and the stem; -- said of the pair of stipules at the base of a petiole when united by those margins next the petiole, thus seeming to form a single stipule between the petiole and the stem or branch; -- often confounded with interpetiolar, from which it differs essentially in meaning.
Intromittent (a.) Used in copulation; -- said of the external reproductive organs of the males of many animals, and sometimes of those of the females.
Jehovist (n.) One who maintains that the vowel points of the word Jehovah, in Hebrew, are the proper vowels of that word; -- opposed to adonist.
Jehovistic (a.) Relating to, or containing, Jehovah, as a name of God; -- said of certain parts of the Old Testament, especially of the Pentateuch, in which Jehovah appears as the name of the Deity. See Elohistic.
Karyomiton (n.) The reticular network of fine fibers, of which the nucleus of a cell is in part composed; -- in opposition to kytomiton, or the network in the body of the cell.
Katastate (n.) (Physiol.) A substance formed by a katabolic process; -- opposed to anastate. See Katabolic.
Kinesiatrics (n.) A mode of treating disease by appropriate muscular movements; -- also termed kinesitherapy, kinesipathy, lingism, and the movement cure.
Labyrinth (n.) A pattern or design representing a maze, -- often inlaid in the tiled floor of a church, etc.
Lanneret (n. m.) A long-tailed falcon (Falco lanarius), of Southern Europe, Asia, and Northern Africa, resembling the American prairie falcon.
Laryngotracheotomy (n.) The operation of cutting into the larynx and the upper part of the trachea, -- a frequent operation for obstruction to breathing.
Laticostate (a.) Broad-ribbed.
Latidentate (a.) Broad-toothed.
Latirostres (n. pl.) The broad-billed singing birds, such as the swallows, and their allies.
Leadwort (n.) A genus of maritime herbs (Plumbago). P. Europaea has lead-colored spots on the leaves, and nearly lead-colored flowers.
Ledgment (n.) A string-course or horizontal suit of moldings, such as the base moldings of a building.
Legislative (a.) Making, or having the power to make, a law or laws; lawmaking; -- distinguished from executive; as, a legislative act; a legislative body.
Liability (n.) the sum of one's pecuniary obligations; -- opposed to assets.
Linnaeite (n.) A mineral of pale steel-gray color and metallic luster, occurring in isometric crystals, and also massive. It is a sulphide of cobalt containing some nickel or copper.
Lorikeet (n.) Any one numerous species of small brush-tongued parrots or lories, found mostly in Australia, New Guinea and the adjacent islands, with some forms in the East Indies. They are arboreal in their habits and feed largely upon the honey of flowers. They belong to Trichoglossus, Loriculus, and several allied genera.
Lungwort (n.) An herb of the genus Pulmonaria (P. officinalis), of Europe; -- so called because the spotted appearance of the leaves resembles that of a diseased lung.
Malacostracology (n.) That branch of zoological science which relates to the crustaceans; -- called also carcinology.
Malediction (n.) A proclaiming of evil against some one; a cursing; imprecation; a curse or execration; -- opposed to benediction. Malign (a.) Having an evil disposition toward others; harboring violent enmity; malevolent; malicious; spiteful; -- opposed to benign.
Manganite (n.) One of the oxides of manganese; -- called also gray manganese ore. It occurs in brilliant steel-gray or iron-black crystals, also massive. Mangoldwurzel (n.) See Mangel-wurzel.
Manifest (a.) Detected; convicted; -- with of.
Manifest (v. t.) To show plainly; to make to appear distinctly, -- usually to the mind; to put beyond question or doubt; to display; to exhibit.
Mantelet (n.) A musket-proof shield of rope, wood, or metal, which is sometimes used for the protection of sappers or riflemen while attacking a fortress, or of gunners at embrasures; -- now commonly written mantlet.
Margarate (n.) A compound of the so-called margaric acid with a base.
Maxilloturbinal (n.) The maxillo-turbinal, or inferior turbinate, bone.
Megaphyton (n.) An extinct genus of tree ferns with large, two-ranked leaves, or fronds.
Megavolt (n.) One of the larger measures of electro-motive force, amounting to one million volts.
Merchantman (n.) A trading vessel; a ship employed in the transportation of goods, as, distinguished from a man-of-war.
Metacenter (n.) Alt. of -tre
Metagnathous (a.) Cross-billed; -- said of certain birds, as the crossbill.
Mignonette (n.) A plant (Reseda odorata) having greenish flowers with orange-colored stamens, and exhaling a delicious fragrance. In Africa it is a low shrub, but further north it is usually an annual herb.
Millerite (n.) A sulphide of nickel, commonly occurring in delicate capillary crystals, also in incrustations of a bronze yellow; -- sometimes called hair pyrites.
Minionette (n.) A size of type between nonpareil and minion; -- used in ornamental borders, etc.
Moesogothic (n.) The language of the Moesogoths; -- also called Gothic.
Moonwort (n.) Any fern of the genus Botrychium, esp. B. Lunaria; -- so named from the crescent-shaped segments of its frond.
Moralist (n.) One who practices moral duties; a person who lives in conformity with moral rules; one of correct deportment and dealings with his fellow-creatures; -- sometimes used in contradistinction to one whose life is controlled by religious motives.
Morganatic (a.) Pertaining to, in the manner of, or designating, a kind of marriage, called also left-handed marriage, between a man of superior rank and a woman of inferior, in which it is stipulated that neither the latter nor her children shall enjoy the rank or inherit the possessions of her husband.
Multilateral (a.) Having many sides; many-sided.
Nagyagite (n.) A mineral of blackish lead-gray color and metallic luster, generally of a foliated massive structure; foliated tellurium. It is a telluride of lead and gold.
Necessitarian (a.) Of or pertaining to the doctrine of philosophical necessity in regard to the origin and existence of things, especially as applied to the actings or choices of the will; -- opposed to libertarian.
Necessity (n.) That which is necessary; a necessary; a requisite; something indispensable; -- often in the plural.
Needlestone (n.) Natrolite; -- called also needle zeolite.
Neishout (n.) The mahogany-like wood of the South African tree Pteroxylon utile, the sawdust of which causes violent sneezing (whence the name). Also called sneezewood.
Niccolite (n.) A mineral of a copper-red color and metallic luster; an arsenide of nickel; -- called also coppernickel, kupfernickel.
Ninetieth (a.) Next in order after the eighty-ninth.
Ninetieth (n.) The next in order after the eighty-ninth.
Nippitate (a.) Peculiary strong and good; -- said of ale or liquor.
Nitromethane (n.) A nitro derivative of methane obtained as a mobile liquid; -- called also nitrocarbol.
Notoriety (n.) The quality or condition of being notorious; the state of being generally or publicly known; -- commonly used in an unfavorable sense; as, the notoriety of a crime.
Nucamentaceous (a.) Like a nut either in structure or in being indehiscent; bearing one-seeded nutlike fruits.
Aeroboat (n.) A form of hydro-aeroplane; a flying boat.
Antibacterial (a.) Inimical to bacteria; -- applied esp. to serum for protection against bacterial diseases.
Artifact (n.) A product of human workmanship; -- applied esp. to the simpler products of aboriginal art as distinguished from natural objects.
Blackwater State () Nebraska; -- a nickname alluding to the dark color of the water of its rivers, due to the presence of a black vegetable mold in the soil.
Carburettor (n.) One that carburets; specif., an apparatus in which air or gas is carbureted, as by passing it through a light petroleum oil. The carburetor for a gasoCarromata (n.) In the Philippines, a light, two-wheeled, boxlike vehicle usually drawn by a single native pony and used to convey passengers within city limits or for traveling. It is the common public carriage.
Contraption (n.) A contrivance; a new-fangled device; -- used scornfully.
Decadent (n.) One that is decadent, or deteriorating; esp., one characterized by, or exhibiting, the qualities of those who are degenerating to a lower type; -- specif. applied to a certain school of modern French writers.
Desiccator (n.) A short glass jar fitted with an air-tight cover, and containing some desiccating agent, as calcium chloride, above which is placed the material to be dried or preserved from moisture.
Facultative (a.) Having relation to the grant or exercise faculty, or authority, privilege, license, or the like hence, optional; as, facultative enactments, or those which convey a faculty, or permission; the facultative referendum of Switzerland is one that is optional with the people and is necessary only when demanded by petition; facultative studies; -- opposed to obligatory and compulsory, and sometimes used with to.
Facultative (a.) Having the power to live under different conditions; as, a facultative parasite, a plant which is normally saprophytic, but which may exist wholly or in part as a parasite; -- opposed to obligate.
Hyphenated American () An American who is referred to by a hyphenated term with the first word indicating an origin in a foreign country, and the second term being "American", as Irish-American, Italian-American.
Jequirity bean () The seed of the wild licorice (Abrus precatorius) used by the people of India for beads in rosaries and necklaces, as a standard weight, etc.; -- called also jumble bead.
Kilowatt hour () A unit of work or energy equal to that done by one kilowatt acting for one hour; -- approx. = 1.34 horse-power hour.
Layshaft (n.) A secondary shaft, as in a sliding change gear for an automobile; a cam shaft operated by a two-to-one gear in an internal-combustion engine. It is generally a shaft moving more or less independently of the other parts of a machine, as, in some marine engines, a shaft, driven by a small auxiliary engine, for independently operating the valves of the main engine to insure uniform motion.
Neufchatel (n.) A kind of soft sweet-milk cheese; -- so called from Neufchatel-en-Bray in France.
Overshot (a.) Having the upper teeth projecting beyond the lower; -- said of the jaws of some dogs.
Permulator (n.) A special form of rotary converter with stationary commutator and rotating brushes, in which the exciting field is induced by the alternating current in a short-circuited magnetic core instead of being produced by an external magnet.
Plaquette (n.) A small plaque, esp., in modern medal engraving, a small and delicate bas-relief, whether cast or struck from a die, or of form other than circular.
Poncelet (n.) A unit of power, being the power obtained from an expenditure of one hundred kilogram-meters of energy per second. One poncelet equals g watts, when g is the value of the acceleration of gravity in centimeters.
Preignition (n.) Ignition in an internal-combustion engine while the inlet valve is open or before compression is completed.
Proxenetism (n.) The action of a go-between or broker in negotiating immoral bargains between the sexes; procuring.
Semitontine (a.) Lit., half-tontine; -- used to designate a form of tontine life insurance. See Tontine insurance.
Silverite (n.) One who favors the use or establishment of silver as a monetary standard; -- so called by those who favor the gold standard.
Sylvanite (n.) A telluride of gold and silver, (Au, Ag)Te2, of a steel gray, silver white, or brass yellow. It often occurs in implanted crystals resembling written characters, and hence is called graphic tellurium. H., 1.5-2. Sp.gr., 7.9-8.3.
Temperature (n.) The degree of heat of the body of a living being, esp. of the human body; also (Colloq.), loosely, the excess of this over the normal (of the human body 98?-99.5? F., in the mouth of an adult about 98.4?).
Thermostable (a.) Capable of being heated to or somewhat above 55? C. without loss of special properties; -- said of immune substances, etc.
Unassented (a.) Not assented; -- said specif. of stocks or bonds the holders of which refuse to deposit them by way of assent to an agreement altering their status, as in a readjustment.
Weetweet (n.) A throwing toy, or implement, of the Australian aborigines, consisting of a cigar-shaped stick fastened at one end to a flexible twig. It weighs in all about two ounces, and is about two feet long.
Obcordate (a.) Heart-shaped, with the attachment at the pointed end; inversely cordate: as, an obcordate petal or leaf.
Obstinate (a.) Pertinaciously adhering to an opinion, purpose, or course; persistent; not yielding to reason, arguments, or other means; stubborn; pertinacious; -- usually implying unreasonableness.
Occident (n.) The part of the horizon where the sun last appears in the evening; that part of the earth towards the sunset; the west; -- opposed to orient. Specifically, in former times, Europe as opposed to Asia; now, also, the Western hemisphere.
Occidental (a.) Of, pertaining to, or situated in, the occident, or west; western; -- opposed to oriental; as, occidental climates, or customs; an occidental planet.
Occidental (a.) Possessing inferior hardness, brilliancy, or beauty; -- used of inferior precious stones and gems, because those found in the Orient are generally superior.
Occultation (n.) The hiding of a heavenly body from sight by the intervention of some other of the heavenly bodies; -- applied especially to eclipses of stars and planets by the moon, and to the eclipses of satellites of planets by their primaries.
Oculomotor (a.) Of or pertaining to the movement of the eye; -- applied especially to the common motor nerves (or third pair of cranial nerves) which supply many of the muscles of the orbit.
Odontostomatous (a.) Having toothlike mandibles; -- applied to certain insects.
Olivenite (n.) An olive-green mineral, a hydrous arseniate of copper; olive ore.
Omphalotomy (n.) The operation of dividing the navel-string.
Optimist (n.) One who looks on the bright side of things, or takes hopeful views; -- opposed to pessimist.
Orpiment (n.) Arsenic sesquisulphide, produced artificially as an amorphous lemonyellow powder, and occurring naturally as a yellow crystalOrthometric (a.) Having the axes at right angles to one another; -- said of crystals or crystalOsculant (a.) Adhering closely; embracing; -- applied to certain creeping animals, as caterpillars.
Ostentation (n.) The act of ostentating or of making an ambitious display; unnecessary show; pretentious parade; -- usually in a detractive sense. Osteocolla (n.) A cellular calc tufa, which in some places forms incrustations on the stems of plants, -- formerly supposed to have the quality of uniting fractured bones.
Outskirt (n.) A part remote from the center; outer edge; border; -- usually in the plural; as, the outskirts of a town.
Oviposit (v. i.) To lay or deposit eggs; -- said esp. of insects.
Oxidulated (a.) Existing in the state of a protoxide; -- said of an oxide.
Ozocerite (n.) A waxlike mineral resin; -- sometimes called native paraffin, and mineral wax.
Palpitate (v. i.) To beat rapidly and more strongly than usual; to throb; to bound with emotion or exertion; to pulsate violently; to flutter; -- said specifically of the heart when its action is abnormal, as from excitement.
Pantalet (n.) One of the legs of the loose drawers worn by children and women; particularly, the lower part of such a garment, coming below the knee, often made in a separate piece; -- chiefly in the plural.
Paraclete (n.) An advocate; one called to aid or support; hence, the Consoler, Comforter, or Intercessor; -- a term applied to the Holy Spirit.
Paramastoid (a.) Situated beside, or near, the mastoid portion of the temporal bone; paroccipital; -- applied especially to a process of the skull in some animals.
Parament (n.) Ornamental hangings, furniture, etc., as of a state apartment; rich and elegant robes worn by men of rank; -- chiefly in the plural.
Parakeet (n.) Any one of numerous species of small parrots having a graduated tail, which is frequently very long; -- called also paroquet and paraquet.
Passivity (n.) Passiveness; -- opposed to activity.
Passport (n.) A license granted in time of war for the removal of persons and effects from a hostile country; a safe-conduct.
Penitential (n.) A book formerly used by priests hearing confessions, containing rules for the imposition of penances; -- called also penitential book.
Pentamethylene (n.) A hypothetical hydrocarbon, C5H10, metameric with the amylenes, and the nucleus of a large number of derivatives; -- so named because regarded as composed of five methylene residues. Cf. Trimethylene, and Tetramethylene.
Perforata (n. pl.) A division of corals including those that have a porous texture, as Porites and Madrepora; -- opposed to Aporosa.
Perigastric (a.) Surrounding the stomach; -- applied to the body cavity of Bryozoa and various other Invertebrata.
Permutation (n.) The arrangement of any determinate number of things, as units, objects, letters, etc., in all possible orders, one after the other; -- called also alternation. Cf. Combination, n., 4.
Perspective (a.) The art and the science of so delineating objects that they shall seem to grow smaller as they recede from the eye; -- called also linear perspective.
Petulant (a.) Capriciously fretful; characterized by ill-natured freakishness; irritable.
Phlogisticate (v. t.) To combine phlogiston with; -- usually in the form and sense of the p. p. or the adj.; as, highly phlogisticated substances.
Phonolite (n.) A compact, feldspathic, igneous rock containing nephelite, hauynite, etc. Thin slabs give a ringing sound when struck; -- called also clinkstone.
Phyllostome (n.) Any bat of the genus Phyllostoma, or allied genera, having large membranes around the mouth and nose; a nose-leaf bat.
Phytolithology (n.) The branch of science which treats of fossil plants; -- usually called paleobotany, sometimes paleophytology.
Pillwort (n.) Any plant of the genus Pilularia; minute aquatic cryptograms, with small pill-shaped fruit; -- sometimes called peppergrass.
Pinnulate (a.) Having each pinna subdivided; -- said of a leaf, or of its pinnae.
Pipemouth (n.) Any fish of the genus Fistularia; -- called also tobacco pipefish. See Fistularia.
Pipewort (n.) Any plant of a genus (Eriocaulon) of aquatic or marsh herbs with soft grass-like leaves.
Plagiostomi (n. pl.) An order of fishes including the sharks and rays; -- called also Plagiostomata.
Planimetry (n.) The mensuration of plane surfaces; -- distinguished from stereometry, or the mensuration of volumes.
Pleurosteon (n.) The antero-lateral piece which articulates the sternum of birds.
Ployment (n.) The act or movement of forming a column from a Poecilitic (a.) Mottled with various colors; variegated; spotted; -- said of certain rocks.
Pollicate (a.) Having a curved projection or spine on the inner side of a leg joint; -- said of insects.
Polycrotism (n.) That state or condition of the pulse in which the pulse curve, or sphygmogram, shows several secondary crests or elevations; -- contrasted with monocrotism and dicrotism.
Polygastric (a.) Having several bellies; -- applied to muscles which are made up of several bellies separated by short tendons.
Polyptoton (n.) A figure by which a word is repeated in different forms, cases, numbers, genders, etc., as in Tennyson's line, -- "My own heart's heart, and ownest own, farewell."
Pomacentroid (a.) Pertaining to the Pomacentridae, a family of bright-colored tropical fishes having spiny opercula; -- often called coral fishes.
Posterity (n.) The race that proceeds from a progenitor; offspring to the furthest generation; the aggregate number of persons who are descended from an ancestor of a generation; descendants; -- contrasted with ancestry; as, the posterity of Abraham.
Postulate (n.) Something demanded or asserted; especially, a position or supposition assumed without proof, or one which is considered as self-evident; a truth to which assent may be demanded or challenged, without argument or evidence.
Postulate (n.) The enunciation of a self-evident problem, in distinction from an axiom, which is the enunciation of a self-evident theorem.
Precinct (n.) The limit or exterior Preexistence (n.) Existence of the soul before its union with the body; -- a doctrine held by certain philosophers.
Preposition (n.) A word employed to connect a noun or a pronoun, in an adjectival or adverbial sense, with some other word; a particle used with a noun or pronoun (in English always in the objective case) to make a phrase limiting some other word; -- so called because usually placed before the word with which it is phrased; as, a bridge of iron; he comes from town; it is good for food; he escaped by running.
Prerogative (n.) An exclusive or peculiar privilege; prior and indefeasible right; fundamental and essential possession; -- used generally of an official and hereditary right which may be asserted without question, and for the exercise of which there is no responsibility or accountability as to the fact and the manner of its exercise.
Preterit (a.) Past; -- applied to a tense which expresses an action or state as past.
Procrastinate (v. t.) To put off till to-morrow, or from day to day; to defer; to postpone; to delay; as, to procrastinate repentance.
Procrustes (n.) A celebrated legendary highwayman of Attica, who tied his victims upon an iron bed, and, as the case required, either stretched or cut of their legs to adapt them to its length; -- whence the metaphorical phrase, the bed of Procrustes.
Procuration (n.) A sum of money paid formerly to the bishop or archdeacon, now to the ecclesiastical commissioners, by an incumbent, as a commutation for entertainment at the time of visitation; -- called also proxy.
Propagate (v. t.) To cause to continue or multiply by generation, or successive production; -- applied to animals and plants; as, to propagate a breed of horses or sheep; to propagate a species of fruit tree.
Prospective (n.) Looking forward in time; acting with foresight; -- opposed to retrospective.
Protract (v. t.) To extend; to protrude; as, the cat can protract its claws; -- opposed to retract.
Protractor (n.) A muscle which extends an organ or part; -- opposed to retractor.
Proustite (n.) A sulphide of arsenic and silver of a beautiful cochineal-red color, occurring in rhombohedral crystals, and also massive; ruby silver.
Psalmist (n.) A writer or composer of sacred songs; -- a title particularly applied to David and the other authors of the Scriptural psalms.
Pulmonata (n. pl.) An extensive division, or sub-class, of hermaphrodite gastropods, in which the mantle cavity is modified into an air-breathing organ, as in Helix, or land snails, Limax, or garden slugs, and many pond snails, as Limnaea and Planorbis.
Pulsometer (n.) A device, with valves, for raising water by steam, partly by atmospheric pressure, and partly by the direct action of the steam on the water, without the intervention of a piston; -- also called vacuum pump.
Pursuant (a.) Acting in consequence or in prosecution (of anything); hence, agreeable; conformable; following; according; -- with to or of.
Pyroxanthin (n.) A yellow crystalQuadrant (n.) One of the four parts into which a plane is divided by the coordinate axes. The upper right-hand part is the first quadrant; the upper left-hand part the second; the lower left-hand part the third; and the lower right-hand part the fourth quadrant.
Quadrantal (n.) A cubical vessel containing a Roman cubic foot, each side being a Roman square foot; -- used as a measure.
Quartzite (n.) Massive quartz occurring as a rock; a metamorphosed sandstone; -- called also quartz rock.
Quintette (n.) A composition for five voices or instruments; also, the set of five persons who sing or play five-part music.
Rarefaction (n.) The act or process of rarefying; the state of being rarefied; -- opposed to condensation; as, the rarefaction of air.
Rechabite (n.) One of the descendants of Jonadab, the son of Rechab, all of whom by his injunction abstained from the use of intoxicating drinks and even from planting the vine. Jer. xxxv. 2-19. Also, in modern times, a member of a certain society of abstainers from alcoholic liquors.
Recreant (a.) Crying for mercy, as a combatant in the trial by battle; yielding; cowardly; mean-spirited; craven.
Recreant (n.) One who yields in combat, and begs for mercy; a mean-spirited, cowardly wretch.
Redingote (n.) A long plain double-breasted outside coat for women.
Redirect (a.) Applied to the examination of a witness, by the party calling him, after the cross-examination. Redolent (a.) Diffusing odor or fragrance; spreading sweet scent; scented; odorous; smelling; -- usually followed by of.
Redolent (a.) Diffusing odor or fragrance; spreading sweet scent; scented; odorous; smelling; -- usually followed by of.
Redstart (n.) A small, handsome European singing bird (Ruticilla phoenicurus), allied to the nightingale; -- called also redtail, brantail, fireflirt, firetail. The black redstart is P.tithys. The name is also applied to several other species of Ruticilla amnd allied genera, native of India.
Redstart (n.) An American fly-catching warbler (Setophaga ruticilla). The male is black, with large patches of orange-red on the sides, wings, and tail. The female is olive, with yellow patches.
Reexport (n.) Any commodity reexported; -- chiefly in the plural.
Regimentals (n. pl.) The uniform worn by the officers and soldiers of a regiment; military dress; -- formerly used in the singular in the same sense.
Remittitur (n.) A remission or surrender, -- remittitur damnut being a remission of excess of damages.
Resident (a.) Dwelling, or having an abode, in a place for a continued length of time; residing on one's own estate; -- opposed to nonresident; as, resident in the city or in the country.
Resident (n.) A diplomatic representative who resides at a foreign court; -- a term usualy applied to ministers of a rank inferior to that of ambassadors. See the Note under Minister, 4.
Retardation (n.) The act of retarding; hindrance; the act of delaying; as, the retardation of the motion of a ship; -- opposed to acceleration.
Retardation (n.) The keeping back of an approaching consonant chord by prolonging one or more tones of a previous chord into the intermediate chord which follows; -- differing from suspension by resolving upwards instead of downwards.
Rhodonite (n.) Manganese spar, or silicate of manganese, a mineral occuring crystallised and in rose-red masses. It is often used as an ornamental stone.
Rigorist (n.) One who is rigorous; -- sometimes applied to an extreme Jansenist.
Roseroot (n.) A fleshy-leaved herb (Rhodiola rosea); rosewort; -- so called because the roots have the odor of roses.
Roussette (n.) Any small shark of the genus Scyllium; -- called also dogfish. See Dogfish.
Sacalait (n.) A kind of fresh-water bass; the crappie.
Saltmouth (n.) A wide-mouthed bottle with glass stopper for holding chemicals, especially crystallized salts.
Sanbenito (n.) A garnment or cap, or sometimes both, painted with flames, figures, etc., and worn by persons who had been examined by the Inquisition and were brought forth for punishment at the auto-da-fe. Sanctus (n.) A part of the Mass, or, in Protestant churches, a part of the communion service, of which the first words in Latin are Sanctus, sanctus, sanctus [Holy, holy, holy]; -- called also Tersanctus.
Scilicet (adv.) To wit; namely; videlicet; -- often abbreviated to sc., or ss.
Scorodite (n.) A leek-green or brownish mineral occurring in orthorhombic crystals. It is a hydrous arseniate of iron.
Sergeant (n.) Formerly, in England, an officer nearly answering to the more modern bailiff of the hundred; also, an officer whose duty was to attend on the king, and on the lord high steward in court, to arrest traitors and other offenders. He is now called sergeant-at-arms, and two of these officers, by allowance of the sovereign, attend on the houses of Parliament (one for each house) to execute their commands, and another attends the Court Chancery.
Sergeant (n.) A lawyer of the highest rank, answering to the doctor of the civil law; -- called also serjeant at law.
Sgraffito (a.) Scratched; -- said of decorative painting of a certain style, in which a white overland surface is cut or scratched through, so as to form the design from a dark ground underneath.
Shearwater (n.) Any one of numerous species of long-winged oceanic birds of the genus Puffinus and related genera. They are allied to the petrels, but are larger. The Manx shearwater (P. Anglorum), the dusky shearwater (P. obscurus), and the greater shearwater (P. major), are well-known species of the North Atlantic. See Hagdon.
Siderostat (n.) An apparatus consisting essentially of a mirror moved by clockwork so as to throw the rays of the sun or a star in a fixed direction; -- a more general term for heliostat.
Sigillated (a.) Decorated by means of stamps; -- said of pottery.
Siscowet (n.) A large, fat variety of the namaycush found in Lake Superior; -- called also siskawet, siskiwit.
Soapwort (n.) A common plant (Saponaria officinalis) of the Pink family; -- so called because its bruised leaves, when agitated in water, produce a lather like that from soap. Called also Bouncing Bet.
Solmization (n.) The act of sol-faing.
Sostenuto (a.) Sustained; -- applied to a movement or passage the sounds of which are to sustained to the utmost of the nominal value of the time; also, to a passage the tones of which are to be somewhat prolonged or protacted.
Southcottian (n.) A follower of Joanna Southcott (1750-1814), an Englishwoman who, professing to have received a miraculous calling, preached and prophesied, and committed many impious absurdities.
Speculate (v. i.) To purchase with the expectation of a contingent advance in value, and a consequent sale at a profit; -- often, in a somewhat depreciative sense, of unsound or hazardous transactions; as, to speculate in coffee, in sugar, or in bank stock.
Stability (a.) Fixedness; -- as opposed to fluidity.
Starwort (n.) A small plant of the genus Stellaria, having star-shaped flowers; star flower; chickweed.
Statuette (n.) A small statue; -- usually applied to a figure much less than life size, especially when of marble or bronze, or of plaster or clay as a preparation for the marble or bronze, as distinguished from a figure in terra cotta or the like. Cf. Figurine.
Stearoptene (n.) The more solid ingredient of certain volatile oils; -- contrasted with elaeoptene.
Stinkpot (n.) An earthen jar charged with powder, grenades, and other materials of an offensive and suffocating smell, -- sometimes used in boarding an enemy's vessel.
Straight (superl.) Composed of cards which constitute a regular sequence, as the ace, king, queen, jack, and ten-spot; as, a straight hand; a straight flush.
Straightedge (n.) A board, or piece of wood or metal, having one edge perfectly straight, -- used to ascertain whether a Stylobate (n.) The uninterrupted and continuous flat band, coping, or pavement upon which the bases of a row of columns are supported. See Sub-base.
Subglottic (a.) Situated below the glottis; -- applied to that part of the cavity of the larynx below the true vocal cords.
Subhepatic (a.) Situated under, or on the ventral side of, the liver; -- applied to the interlobular branches of the portal vein.
Sulphostannic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a sulphacid of tin (more exactly called metasulphostannic acid), which is obtained as a dark brown amorphous substance, H/SnS/, forming a well-known series of salts.
Summerstir (v. t.) To summer-fallow.
Superlative (a.) Expressing the highest or lowest degree of the quality, manner, etc., denoted by an adjective or an adverb. The superlative degree is formed from the positive by the use of -est, most, or least; as, highest, most pleasant, least bright.
Supernaturalism (n.) The doctrine of a divine and supernatural agency in the production of the miracles and revelations recorded in the Bible, and in the grace which renews and sanctifies men, -- in opposition to the doctrine which denies the agency of any other than physical or natural causes in the case.
Surmounted (a.) Having its vertical height greater than the half span; -- said of an arch.
Surmounted (a.) Partly covered by another charge; -- said of an ordinary or other bearing.
Swallowtail (n.) An outwork with converging sides, its head or front forming a reentrant angle; -- so called from its form. Called also priestcap.
Swallowtail (n.) A swallow-tailed coat.
Sweetwater (n.) A variety of white grape, having a sweet watery juice; -- also called white sweetwater, and white muscadine.
Sylvanite (n.) A mineral, a telluride of gold and silver, of a steel-gray, silver-white, or brass-yellow color. It often occurs in implanted crystals resembling written characters, and hence is called graphic tellurium.
Symplectic (a.) Plaiting or joining together; -- said of a bone next above the quadrate in the mandibular suspensorium of many fishes, which unites together the other bones of the suspensorium.
Synclastic (a.) Curved toward the same side in all directions; -- said of surfaces which in all directions around any point bend away from a tangent plane toward the same side, as the surface of a sphere; -- opposed to anticlastic.
Syringotome (n.) A small blunt-pointed bistoury, -- used in syringotomy.
Tabouret (n.) A seat without arms or back, cushioned and stuffed: a high stool; -- so called from its resemblance to a drum.
Tachylyte (n.) A vitreous form of basalt; -- so called because decomposable by acids and readily fusible.
Tagnicate (n.) The white-lipped peccary. Tagsore (n.) Adhesion of the tail of a sheep to the wool from excoriation produced by contact with the feces; -- called also tagbelt.
Taguicati (n.) The white-lipped peccary.
Tantalite (n.) A heavy mineral of an iron-black color and submetallic luster. It is essentially a tantalate of iron.
Tenement (n.) Any species of permanent property that may be held, so as to create a tenancy, as lands, houses, rents, commons, an office, an advowson, a franchise, a right of common, a peerage, and the like; -- called also free / frank tenements.
Tephroite (n.) A silicate of manganese of an ash-gray color.
Terebrating (a.) Boring; perforating; -- applied to molluskas which form holes in rocks, wood, etc.
Terebrating (a.) Boring; piercing; -- applied to certain kinds of pain, especially to those of locomotor ataxia.
Tersanctus (n.) An ancient ascription of praise (containing the word "Holy" -- in its Latin form, "Sanctus" -- thrice repeated), used in the Mass of the Roman Catholic Church and before the prayer of consecration in the communion service of the Church of England and the Protestant Episcopal Church. Cf. Trisagion.
Tetramethylene (n.) A hypothetical hydrocarbon, C4H8, analogous to trimethylene, and regarded as the base of well-known series or derivatives.
Thermostat (n.) A self-acting apparatus for regulating temperature by the unequal expansion of different metals, liquids, or gases by heat, as in opening or closing the damper of a stove, or the like, as the heat becomes greater or less than is desired.
Thirtieth (a.) Next in order after the twenty-ninth; the tenth after the twentieth; -- the ordinal of thirty; as, the thirtieth day of the month.
Toilinette (n.) A cloth, the weft of which is of woolen yarn, and the warp of cotton and silk, -- used for waistcoats.
Tonguester (n.) One who uses his tongue; a talker; a story-teller; a gossip.
Toreumatography (n.) A description of sculpture such as bas-relief in metal.
Toreumatology (n.) The art or the description of scupture such as bas-relief in metal; toreumatography.
Trachystomata (n. pl.) An order of tailed aquatic amphibians, including Siren and Pseudobranchus. They have anterior legs only, are eel-like in form, and have no teeth except a small patch on the palate. The external gills are persistent through life.
Translation (n.) Motion in which all the points of the moving body have at any instant the same velocity and direction of motion; -- opposed to rotation.
Transmitter (n.) One who, or that which, transmits; specifically, that portion of a telegraphic or telephonic instrument by means of which a message is sent; -- opposed to receiver.
Trestletree (n.) One of two strong bars of timber, fixed horizontally on the opposite sides of the masthead, to support the crosstrees and the frame of the top; -- generally used in the plural.
Tridecatylene (n.) A hydrocarbon, C13H26, of the ethylene series, corresponding to tridecane, and obtained from Burmah petroleum as a light colorless liquid; -- called also tridecylene, and tridecene.
Trochantine (n.) The second joint of the leg of an insect, -- often united with the coxa.
Trundletail (n.) A round or curled-up tail; also, a dog with such a tail.
Tufthunter (n.) A hanger-on to noblemen, or persons of quality, especially in English universities; a toady. See 1st Tuft, 3.
Turbinated (a.) Spiral with the whorls decreasing rapidly from a large base to a pointed apex; -- said of certain shells.
Twelfthtide (n.) The twelfth day after Christmas; Epiphany; -- called also Twelfth-day.
Twentieth (a.) Next in order after the nineteenth; tenth after the tenth; coming after nineteen others; -- the ordinal of twenty.
Typothetae (n. pl.) Printers; -- used in the name of an association of the master printers of the United States and Canada, called The United Typothetae of America.
Umbellated (a.) Bearing umbels; pertaining to an umbel; umbel-like; as, umbellate plants or flowers.
Unaccustomed (a.) Not used; not habituated; unfamiliar; unused; -- which to.
Unbegotten (a.) Not begot; not yet generated; also, having never been generated; self-existent; eternal.
Underwitted (a.) Weak in intellect; half-witted; silly.
Undreamt (a.) Not dreamed, or dreamed of; not th/ught of; not imagined; -- often followed by of.
Unijugate (a.) Having but one pair of leaflets; -- said of a pinnate leaf.
Valedictory (a.) Bidding farewell; suitable or designed for an occasion of leave-taking; as, a valedictory oration.
Variscite (n.) An apple-green mineral occurring in reniform masses. It is a hydrous phosphate of alumina.
Ventilate (v. t.) To provide with a vent, or escape, for air, gas, etc.; as, to ventilate a mold, or a water-wheel bucket.
Vitalist (n.) A believer in the theory of vitalism; -- opposed to physicist.
Whereinto (adv.) Into which; -- used relatively.
Whereinto (adv.) Into what; -- used interrogatively.
Wherewith (adv.) With which; -- used relatively.
Wherewith (adv.) With what; -- used interrogatively.
Whinchat (n.) A small warbler (Pratincola rubetra) common in Europe; -- called also whinchacker, whincheck, whin-clocharet.
Whipstitch (n.) A tailor; -- so called in contempt.
Whirlbat (n.) Anything moved with a whirl, as preparatory for a blow, or to augment the force of it; -- applied by poets to the cestus of ancient boxers.
Whitsuntide (n.) The week commencing with Whitsunday, esp. the first three days -- Whitsunday, Whitsun Monday, and Whitsun Tuesday; the time of Pentecost.
Widmanstatten figures () Certain figures appearing on etched meteoric iron; -- so called after A. B. Widmanstatten, of Vienna, who first described them in 1808. See the Note and Illust. under Meteorite.
Windlestraw (n.) A grass used for making ropes or for plaiting, esp. Agrostis Spica-ventis. Windward (n.) The point or side from which the wind blows; as, to ply to the windward; -- opposed to leeward. Wink (v. i.) To avoid taking notice, as if by shutting the eyes; to connive at anything; to be tolerant; -- generally with at.
Witherite (n.) Barium carbonate occurring in white or gray six-sided twin crystals, and also in columnar or granular masses.
Wulfenite (n.) Native lead molybdate occurring in tetragonal crystals, usually tabular, and of a bright orange-yellow to red, gray, or brown color; -- also called yellow lead ore. Wurraluh (n.) The Australian white-quilled honey eater (Entomyza albipennis).
Zaphrentis (n.) An extinct genus of cyathophylloid corals common in the Paleozoic formations. It is cup-shaped with numerous septa, and with a deep pit in one side of the cup.
Zinkenite (n.) A steel-gray metallic mineral, a sulphide of antimony and lead.
Zygodactylous (a.) Yoke-footed; having the toes disposed in pairs; -- applied to birds which have two toes before and two behind, as the parrot, cuckoo, woodpecker, etc.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 by Mark McCracken, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".