Words whose 9th letter is R
Afterguard (n.) The seaman or seamen stationed on the poop or after part of the ship, to attend the after-sails.
Alabaster (n.) A box or vessel for holding odoriferous ointments, etc.; -- so called from the stone of which it was originally made.
Alisanders (n.) A name given to two species of the genus Smyrnium, formerly cultivated and used as celery now is; -- called also horse parsely.
Ambidextral (a.) Pertaining equally to the right-hand side and the left-hand side.
Ambulator (n.) An instrument for measuring distances; -- called also perambulator.
Anisospore (n.) A sexual spore in which the sexes differ in size; -- opposed to isospore.
Animadvert (v. i.) To take notice; to observe; -- commonly followed by that.
Animadvert (v. i.) To consider or remark by way of criticism or censure; to express censure; -- with on or upon.
Anisometric (a.) Not isometric; having unsymmetrical parts; -- said of crystals with three unequal axes.
Antisolar (a.) Opposite to the sun; -- said of the point in the heavens 180? distant from the sun.
Apheliotropic (a.) Turning away from the sun; -- said of leaves, etc.
Apheliotropism (n.) The habit of bending from the sunlight; -- said of certain plants.
Archiater (n.) Chief physician; -- a term applied, on the continent of Europe, to the first or body physician of princes and to the first physician of some cities.
Arsenopyrite (n.) A mineral of a tin-white color and metallic luster, containing arsenic, sulphur, and iron; -- also called arsenical pyrites and mispickel.
Astarboard (adv.) Over to the starboard side; -- said of the tiller.
Atmosphere (n.) The whole mass of aeriform fluid surrounding the earth; -- applied also to the gaseous envelope of any celestial orb, or other body; as, the atmosphere of Mars.
Aurochloride (n.) The trichloride of gold combination with the chloride of another metal, forming a double chloride; -- called also chloraurate.
Autocoherer (n.) A self-restoring coherer, as a microphonic detector.
Autocratrix (n.) A female sovereign who is independent and absolute; -- a title given to the empresses of Russia.
Axminster (n.) An Axminster carpet, an imitation Turkey carpet, noted for its thick and soft pile; -- so called from Axminster, Eng.
Axminster carpet () A variety of Turkey carpet, woven by machine or, when more than 27 inches wide, on a hand loom, and consisting of strips of worsted chenille so colored as to produce a pattern on a stout jute backing. It has a fine soft pile. So called from Axminster, England, where it was formerly (1755 -- 1835) made.
Axminster carpet () A similar but cheaper machine-made carpet, resembling moquette in construction and appearance, but finer and of better material.
Backstair (a.) Private; indirect; secret; intriguing; -- as if finding access by the back stairs.
Bargainer (n.) One who makes a bargain; -- sometimes in the sense of bargainor.
Bearing rein () A short rein looped over the check hook or the hames to keep the horse's head up; -- called in the United States a checkrein.
Benefiter (n.) One who confers a benefit; -- also, one who receives a benefit.
Blackguard (n.) The scullions and lower menials of a court, or of a nobleman's household, who, in a removal from one residence to another, had charge of the kitchen utensils, and being smutted by them, were jocularly called the "black guard"; also, the servants and hangers-on of an army.
Blackheart (n.) A heart-shaped cherry with a very dark-colored skin.
Bogsucker (n.) The American woodcock; -- so called from its feeding among the bogs.
Bolometer (n.) An instrument for measuring minute quantities of radiant heat, especially in different parts of the spectrum; -- called also actinic balance, thermic balance.
Borofluoride (n.) A double fluoride of boron and hydrogen, or some other positive element, or radical; -- called also fluoboride, and formerly fluoborate.
Breastwork (n.) A railing on the quarter-deck and forecastle.
Buccaneer (n.) A robber upon the sea; a pirate; -- a term applied especially to the piratical adventurers who made depredations on the Spaniards in America in the 17th and 18th centuries.
Butterbird (n.) The rice bunting or bobolink; -- so called in the island of Jamaica.
Butterbur (n.) A broad-leaved plant (Petasites vulgaris) of the Composite family, said to have been used in England for wrapping up pats of butter.
Calambour (n.) A species of agalloch, or aloes wood, of a dusky or mottled color, of a light, friable texture, and less fragrant than calambac; -- used by cabinetmakers.
Calceiform (a.) Shaped like a slipper, as one petal of the lady's-slipper; calceolate.
Cancelier (v. i.) To turn in flight; -- said of a hawk.
Cancriform (a.) Having the form of, or resembling, a crab; crab-shaped.
Candelabrum (n.) A highly ornamented stand of marble or other ponderous material, usually having three feet, -- frequently a votive offering to a temple.
Caperberry (n.) The small olive-shaped berry of the European and Oriental caper, said to be used in pickles and as a condiment.
Capillaire (n.) A sirup prepared from the maiden-hair, formerly supposed to have medicinal properties.
Centimetre (n.) The hundredth part of a meter; a measure of length equal to rather more than thirty-nine hundredths (0.3937) of an inch. See Meter.
Chauffeur (n.) Brigands in bands, who, about 1793, pillaged, burned, and killed in parts of France; -- so called because they used to burn the feet of their victims to extort money.
Chauffeur (n.) Brigands in bands, who, about 1793, pillaged, burned, and killed in parts of France; -- so called because they used to burn the feet of their victims to extort money.
Chatterer (n.) A bird of the family Ampelidae -- so called from its monotonous note. The Bohemion chatterer (Ampelis garrulus) inhabits the arctic regions of both continents. In America the cedar bird is a more common species. See Bohemian chatterer, and Cedar bird.
Chokeberry (n.) The small apple-shaped or pear-shaped fruit of an American shrub (Pyrus arbutifolia) growing in damp thickets; also, the shrub.
Clarichord (n.) A musical instrument, formerly in use, in form of a spinet; -- called also manichord and clavichord.
Cloudberry (n.) A species of raspberry (Rubus Chamaemerous) growing in the northern regions, and bearing edible, amber-colored fruit.
Clypeastroid (a.) Like or related to the genus Clupeaster; -- applied to a group of flattened sea urchins, with a rosette of pores on the upper side.
Clypeiform (a.) Shield-shaped; clypeate.
Cocklebur (n.) A coarse, composite weed, having a rough or prickly fruit; one of several species of the genus Xanthium; -- called also clotbur.
Coelospermous (a.) Hollow-seeded; having the ventral face of the seedlike carpels incurved at the ends, as in coriander seed.
Colcothar (n.) Polishing rouge; a reddish brown oxide of iron, used in polishing glass, and also as a pigment; -- called also crocus Martis.
Comforter (n.) The Holy Spirit, -- referring to his office of comforting believers.
Commander (n.) An officer who ranks next below a captain, -- ranking with a lieutenant colonel in the army.
Commandery (n.) A district or a manor with lands and tenements appertaining thereto, under the control of a member of an order of knights who was called a commander; -- called also a preceptory.
Commentary (v. i.) A brief account of transactions or events written hastily, as if for a memorandum; -- usually in the plural; as, Caesar's Commentaries on the Gallic War.
Commissary (n.) An officer whose business is to provide food for a body of troops or a military post; -- officially called commissary of subsistence.
Conchiform (a.) Shaped like one half of a bivalve shell; shell-shaped.
Conglomerate (n.) A rock, composed or rounded fragments of stone cemented together by another mineral substance, either calcareous, siliceous, or argillaceous; pudding stone; -- opposed to agglomerate. See Breccia.
Consignor (n.) One who consigns something to another; -- opposed to consignee.
Consistorian (a.) Pertaining to a Presbyterian consistory; -- a contemptuous term of 17th century controversy.
Copperworm (n.) The teredo; -- so called because it injures the bottoms of vessels, where not protected by copper.
Cordelier (n.) A Franciscan; -- so called in France from the girdle of knotted cord worn by all Franciscans.
Culiciform (a.) Gnat-shaped.
Cultrivorous (a.) Devouring knives; swallowing, or pretending to swallow, knives; -- applied to persons who have swallowed, or have seemed to swallow, knives with impunity.
Cupuliferous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, the family of plants of which the oak and the chestnut are examples, -- trees bearing a smooth, solid nut inclosed in some kind of cup or bur; bearing, or furnished with, a cupule.
Destroyer (n.) = Torpedo-boat destroyer.
Depositary (n.) One with whom anything is lodged in the trust; one who receives a deposit; -- the correlative of depositor.
Depositor (n.) One who makes a deposit, especially of money in a bank; -- the correlative of depository.
Derogatory (a.) Tending to derogate, or lessen in value; expressing derogation; detracting; injurious; -- with from to, or unto.
Derringer (n.) A kind of short-barreled pocket pistol, of very large caliber, often carrying a half-ounce ball.
Digitiform (a.) Formed like a finger or fingers; finger-shaped; as, a digitiform root.
Disciflorous (a.) Bearing the stamens on a discoid outgrowth of the receptacle; -- said of a subclass of plants. Cf. Calycifloral.
Distemper (v. t.) To deprive of temper or moderation; to disturb; to ruffle; to make disaffected, ill-humored, or malignant.
Distemper (v. t.) A morbid state of the animal system; indisposition; malady; disorder; -- at present chiefly applied to diseases of brutes; as, a distemper in dogs; the horse distemper; the horn distemper in cattle.
Downcomer (n.) In some water-tube boilers, a tube larger in diameter than the water tubes to conduct the water from each top drum to a bottom drum, thus completing the circulation.
Doublethreaded (a.) Having two screw threads instead of one; -- said of a screw in which the pitch is equal to twice the distance between the centers of adjacent threads.
Dowitcher (n.) The red-breasted or gray snipe (Macrorhamphus griseus); -- called also brownback, and grayback.
Ellipsograph (n.) An instrument for describing ellipses; -- called also trammel.
Enneaspermous (a.) Having nine seeds; -- said of fruits.
Espauliere (n.) A defense for the shoulder, composed of flexible overlapping plates of metal, used in the 15th century; -- the origin of the modern epaulette.
Escalator (n.) A stairway or incExchequer (n.) One of the superior courts of law; -- so called from a checkered cloth, which covers, or formerly covered, the table. Exclamation (n.) A mark or sign by which outcry or emphatic utterance is marked; thus [!]; -- called also exclamation point.
Eyeleteer (n.) A small, sharp-pointed instrument used in piercing eyelet holes; a stiletto. Eyen (n.) Plural of eye; -- now obsolete, or used only in poetry.
Pigpecker (n.) The European garden warbler (Sylvia, / Currica, hortensis); -- called also beccafico and greater pettychaps.
Fireflaire (n.) A European sting ray of the genus Trygon (T. pastinaca); -- called also fireflare and fiery flaw.
Floramour (n.) The plant love-lies-bleeding.
Fritillaria (n.) A genus of liliaceous plants, of which the crown-imperial (Fritillaria imperialis) is one species, and the Guinea-hen flower (F. Meleagris) another. See Crown-imperial.
Fritillary (n.) A plant with checkered petals, of the genus Fritillaria: the Guinea-hen flower. See Fritillaria.
Fritillary (n.) One of several species of butterflies belonging to Argynnis and allied genera; -- so called because the coloring of their wings resembles that of the common Fritillaria. See Aphrodite.
Fructidor (n.) The twelfth month of the French republican calendar; -- commencing August 18, and ending September 16. See Vendemiaire.
Gannister (n.) A refractory material consisting of crushed or ground siliceous stone, mixed with fire clay; -- used for lining Bessemer converters; also used for macadamizing roads.
Generator (n.) The principal sound or sounds by which others are produced; the fundamental note or root of the common chord; -- called also generating tone.
Gibraltar (n.) A kind of candy sweetmeat, or a piece of it; -- called, in full, Gibraltar rock.
Grenadier (n.) Any marine fish of the genus Macrurus, in which the body and tail taper to a point; they mostly inhabit the deep sea; -- called also onion fish, and rat-tail fish.
Grenadier (n.) A bright-colored South African grosbeak (Pyromelana orix), having the back red and the lower parts black.
Grossular (a.) A translucent garnet of a pale green color like that of the gooseberry; -- called also grossularite.
Haematocrya (n. pl.) The cold-blooded vertebrates. Same as Hematocrya.
Haematocryal (a.) Cold-blooded.
Haidingerite (n.) A mineral consisting of the arseniate of lime; -- so named in honor of W. Haidinger, of Vienna.
Hamfatter (n.) A low-grade actor or performer.
Headwater (n.) The source and upper part of a stream; -- commonly used in the plural; as, the headwaters of the Missouri.
Hederiferous (a.) Producing ivy; ivy-bearing.
Heteromerous (a.) Having the femoral artery developed as the principal artery of the leg; -- said of certain birds, as the cotingas and pipras.
Heteromorphic (a.) Deviating from the normal, perfect, or mature form; having different forms at different stages of existence, or in different individuals of the same species; -- applied especially to insects in which there is a wide difference of form between the larva and the adult, and to plants having more than one form of flower.
Heteronereis (n.) A free-swimming, dimorphic, sexual form of certain species of Nereis.
Hoemother (n.) The basking or liver shark; -- called also homer. See Liver shark, under Liver.
Hollander (n.) A very hard, semi-glazed, green or dark brown brick, which will not absorb water; -- called also, Dutch clinker.
Homoeomerous (a.) Having the main artery of the leg parallel with the sciatic nerve; -- said of certain birds.
Hydrothermal (a.) Of or pertaining to hot water; -- used esp. with reference to the action of heated waters in dissolving, redepositing, and otherwise producing mineral changes within the crust of the globe.
Hypermetropy (n.) A condition of the eye in which, through shortness of the eyeball or fault of the refractive media, the rays of light come to a focus behind the retina; farsightedness; -- called also hyperopia. Cf. Emmetropia.
Iconolatry (n.) The worship of images as symbols; -- distinguished from idolatry, the worship of images themselves.
Icositetrahedron (n.) A twenty-four-sided solid; a tetragonal trisoctahedron or trapezohedron.
Immolator (n.) One who offers in sacrifice; specifically, one of a sect of Russian fanatics who practice self-mutilatio and sacrifice.
Imperator (n.) A commander; a leader; an emperor; -- originally an appellation of honor by which Roman soldiers saluted their general after an important victory. Subsequently the title was conferred as a recognition of great military achievements by the senate, whence it carried wiht it some special privileges. After the downfall of the Republic it was assumed by Augustus and his successors, and came to have the meaning now attached to the word emperor.
Inappropriate (a.) Not instrument (to); not appropriate; unbecoming; unsuitable; not specially fitted; -- followed by to or for.
Intercrural (a.) Between crura; -- applied especially to the interneural plates in the vertebral column of many cartilaginous fishes.
Intermarry (v. i.) To become connected by marriage between their members; to give and take mutually in marriage; -- said of families, ranks, castes, etc.
Intersternal (a.) Between the sternal; -- said of certain membranes or parts of insects and crustaceans.
Jayhawker (n.) A name given to a free-booting, unenlisted, armed man or guerrilla.
Kindergarten (n.) A school for young children, conducted on the theory that education should be begun by gratifying and cultivating the normal aptitude for exercise, play, observation, imitation, and construction; -- a name given by Friedrich Froebel, a German educator, who introduced this method of training, in rooms opening on a garden.
Lageniform (a.) Shaped like a bottle or flask; flag-shaped.
Laplander (n.) A native or inhabitant of Lapland; -- called also Lapp.
Laryngotracheotomy (n.) The operation of cutting into the larynx and the upper part of the trachea, -- a frequent operation for obstruction to breathing.
Laticiferous (a.) Containing the latex; -- applied to the tissue or tubular vessels in which the latex of the plant is found.
Latirostres (n. pl.) The broad-billed singing birds, such as the swallows, and their allies.
Leap year () Bissextile; a year containing 366 days; every fourth year which leaps over a day more than a common year, giving to February twenty-nine days. See Bissextile.
Lepidosiren (n.) An eel-shaped ganoid fish of the order Dipnoi, having both gills and lungs. It inhabits the rivers of South America. The name is also applied to a related African species (Protopterus annectens). The lepidosirens grow to a length of from four to six feet. Called also doko.
Linguiform (a.) Having the form of the tongue; tongue-shaped.
Literature (n.) The class of writings distinguished for beauty of style or expression, as poetry, essays, or history, in distinction from scientific treatises and works which contain positive knowledge; belles-lettres.
Macrosporangium (n.) A sporangium or conceptacle containing only large spores; -- opposed to microsporangium. Both are found in the genera Selaginella, Isoctes, and Marsilia, plants remotely allied to ferns.
Malacostracology (n.) That branch of zoological science which relates to the crustaceans; -- called also carcinology.
Meadowwort (n.) The name of several plants of the genus Spiraea, especially the white- or pink-flowered S. salicifolia, a low European and American shrub, and the herbaceous S. Ulmaria, which has fragrant white flowers in compound cymes.
Melanochroite (n.) A mineral of a red, or brownish or yellowish red color. It is a chromate of lead; -- called also phoenicocroite.
Messenger (n.) A hawser passed round the capstan, and having its two ends lashed together to form an endless rope or chain; -- formerly used for heaving in the cable.
Millimicron (n.) The thousandish part of a micron or the millionth part of a millimeter; -- a unit of length used in measuring light waves, etc.
Micraster (n.) A genus of sea urchins, similar to Spatangus, abounding in the chalk formation; -- from the starlike disposal of the ambulacral furrows.
Misericordia (n.) A thin-bladed dagger; so called, in the Middle Ages, because used to give the death wound or "mercy" stroke to a fallen adversary.
Monsignore (n.) My lord; -- an ecclesiastical dignity bestowed by the pope, entitling the bearer to social and domestic rank at the papal court. (Abbrev. Mgr.)
Multispiral (a.) Having numerous spiral coils round a center or nucleus; -- said of the opercula of certain shells.
Myrmotherine (a.) Feeding upon ants; -- said of certain birds.
Necrophore (n.) Any one of numerous species of beetles of the genus Necrophorus and allied genera; -- called also burying beetle, carrion beetle, sexton beetle.
Nematocera (n. pl.) A suborder of dipterous insects, having long antennae, as the mosquito, gnat, and crane fly; -- called also Nemocera.
Neuroptera (n. pl.) An order of hexapod insects having two pairs of large, membranous, net-veined wings. The mouth organs are adapted for chewing. They feed upon other insects, and undergo a complete metamorphosis. The ant-lion, hellgamite, and lacewing fly are examples. Formerly, the name was given to a much more extensive group, including the true Neuroptera and the Pseudoneuroptera.
Nipplewort (n.) A yellow-flowered composite herb (Lampsana communis), formerly used as an external application to the nipples of women; -- called also dock-cress.
Nonuniformist (n.) One who believes that past changes in the structure of the earth have proceeded from cataclysms or causes more violent than are now operating; -- called also nonuniformitarian.
Nycthemeron (n.) The natural day and night, or space of twenty-four hours.
Obturator (n.) Any device for preventing the escape of gas through the breech mechanism of a breech-loading gun; a gas check.
Obligatory (a.) Binding in law or conscience; imposing duty or obligation; requiring performance or forbearance of some act; -- often followed by on or upon; as, obedience is obligatory on a soldier.
Octameter (n.) A verse containing eight feet; as, --//Deep# in|to# the | dark#ness | peer#ing, | long# I | stood# there | wond'#ring, | fear#ing.
Orthometric (a.) Having the axes at right angles to one another; -- said of crystals or crystalOrthospermous (a.) Having the seeds straight, as in the fruits of some umbelliferous plants; -- opposed to coelospermous.
Passenger (n.) A passer or passer-by; a wayfarer.
Pensioner (n.) In the university of Cambridge, England, one who pays for his living in commons; -- corresponding to commoner at Oxford.
Peptohydrochloric (a.) Designating a hypothetical acid (called peptohydrochloric acid, pepsinhydrochloric acid, and chloropeptic acid) which is supposed to be formed when pepsin and dilute (0.1-0.4 per cent) hydrochloric acid are mixed together.
Perennibranchiate (a.) Having branchae, or gills, through life; -- said especially of certain Amphibia, like the menobranchus. Opposed to caducibranchiate.
Perigastric (a.) Surrounding the stomach; -- applied to the body cavity of Bryozoa and various other Invertebrata.
Perpender (n.) A large stone reaching through a wall so as to appear on both sides of it, and acting as a binder; -- called also perbend, perpend stone, and perpent stone.
Petaliform (a.) Having the form of a petal; petaloid; petal-shaped.
Photophore (n.) A light-emitting organ; specif., one of the luminous spots on certain marine (mostly deep-sea) fishes.
Phaeospore (n.) A brownish zoospore, characteristic of an order (Phaeosporeae) of dark green or olive-colored algae.
PhanerocrystalPhilanthropinism (n.) A system of education on so-called natural principles, attempted in Germany in the last century by Basedow, of Dessau.
Philanthropy (n.) Love to mankind; benevolence toward the whole human family; universal good will; desire and readiness to do good to all men; -- opposed to misanthropy.
Philister (n.) A Philistine; -- a cant name given to townsmen by students in German universities.
Phylactery (n.) A small square box, made either of parchment or of black calfskin, containing slips of parchment or vellum on which are written the scriptural passages Exodus xiii. 2-10, and 11-17, Deut. vi. 4-9, 13-22. They are worn by Jews on the head and left arm, on week-day mornings, during the time of prayer.
Planimetry (n.) The mensuration of plane surfaces; -- distinguished from stereometry, or the mensuration of volumes.
Platyptera (n. pl.) A division of Pseudoneuroptera including the species which have four broad, flat wings, as the termites, or white-ants, and the stone flies (Perla).
Pleuroperitoneum (n.) The pleural and peritoneal membranes, or the membrane lining the body cavity and covering the surface of the inclosed viscera; the peritoneum; -- used especially in the case of those animals in which the body cavity is not divided.
Polygastric (a.) Having several bellies; -- applied to muscles which are made up of several bellies separated by short tendons.
Pomacentroid (a.) Pertaining to the Pomacentridae, a family of bright-colored tropical fishes having spiny opercula; -- often called coral fishes.
Pompadour (n.) A crimson or pink color; also, a style of dress cut low and square in the neck; also, a mode of dressing the hair by drawing it straight back from the forehead over a roll; -- so called after the Marchioness de Pompadour of France. Also much used adjectively.
Posterior (a.) Later in time; hence, later in the order of proceeding or moving; coming after; -- opposed to prior.
Posterior (a.) Situated behind; hinder; -- opposed to anterior.
Posterior (a.) At or toward the caudal extremity; caudal; -- in human anatomy often used for dorsal.
Posterior (a.) On the side next the axis of inflorescence; -- said of an axillary flower.
Posteriority (n.) The state of being later or subsequent; as, posteriority of time, or of an event; -- opposed to priority.
Pressboard (n.) A kind of highly sized rag paper or board, sometimes containing a small admixture of wood pulp; -- so called because used originally, as now, in presses for pressing and finishing knit underwear.
Projector (n.) An optical instrument for projecting a picture upon a screen, as by a magic lantern or by an instrument for projecting (by reflection instead of transmission of light) a picture of an opaque object, as photographs, picture post-cards, insects, etc., in the colors of the object itself. In this latter form the projection is accomplished by means of a combination of lenses with a prism and a mirror or reflector. Specific instruments have been called by different>
Precentor (n.) The leader of the choir in a cathedral; -- called also the chanter or master of the choir.
Prelumbar (a.) Situated immediately in front of the loins; -- applied to the dorsal part of the abdomen.
Preponderant (a.) Preponderating; outweighing; overbalancing; -- used literally and figuratively; as, a preponderant weight; of preponderant importance.
Presbyter (n.) One ordained to the second order in the ministry; -- called also priest.
Protectorate (n.) Government by a protector; -- applied especially to the government of England by Oliver Cromwell.
Pseudovary (n.) The organ in which pseudova are produced; -- called also pseudovarium.
Pterosauria (n. pl.) An extinct order of flying reptiles of the Mesozoic age; the pterodactyls; -- called also Pterodactyli, and Ornithosauria.
Pulpiteer (n.) One who speaks in a pulpit; a preacher; -- so called in contempt.
Punctator (n.) One who marks with points. specifically, one who writes Hebrew with points; -- applied to a Masorite.
Pyrochlore (n.) A niobate of calcium, cerium, and other bases, occurring usually in octahedrons of a yellowish or brownish color and resinous luster; -- so called from its becoming grass-green on being subjected to heat under the blowpipe.
Quaternary (a.) Later than, or subsequent to, the Tertiary; Post-tertiary; as, the Quaternary age, or Age of man.
Redintegration (n.) The law that objects which have been previously combined as part of a single mental state tend to recall or suggest one another; -- adopted by many philosophers to explain the phenomena of the association of ideas.
Refractory (a.) Resisting ordinary treatment; difficult of fusion, reduction, or the like; -- said especially of metals and the like, which do not readily yield to heat, or to the hammer; as, a refractory ore.
Retractor (n.) In breech-loading firearms, a device for withdrawing a cartridge shell from the barrel.
Revestiary (n.) The apartment, in a church or temple, where the vestments, etc., are kept; -- now contracted into vestry.
Resonator (n.) Any of various apparatus for exhibiting or utilizing the effects of resonance in connection with open circuits, as a device having an oscillating circuit which includes a helix of bare copper wire, a variable number of coils of which can be connected in circuit with a condenser and spark gap excited with an induction coil. It is used to create high-frequency electric brush discharges.
Resonator (n.) The antenna system and other high-frequency circuits of a receiving apparatus.
Ressaldar (n.) In the Anglo-Indian army, a native commander of a ressala.
Rhinophore (n.) One of the two tentacle-like organs on the back of the head or neck of a nudibranch or tectibranch mollusk. They are usually retractile, and often transversely furrowed or plicate, and are regarded as olfactory organs. Called also dorsal tentacles. See Illust. under Pygobranchia, and Opisthobranchia.
Rhyparography (n.) In ancient art, the painting of genre or still-life pictures.
Rigsdaler (n.) A Danish coin worth about fifty-four cents. It was the former unit of value in Denmark.
Riksdaler (n.) A Swedish coin worth about twenty-seven cents. It was formerly the unit of value in Sweden.
Salutatorian (n.) The student who pronounces the salutatory oration at the annual Commencement or like exercises of a college, -- an honor commonly assigned to that member of the graduating class who ranks second in scholarship.
Salutatory (a.) Containing or expressing salutations; speaking a welcome; greeting; -- applied especially to the oration which introduces the exercises of the Commencements, or similar public exhibitions, in American colleges.
Sandpaper (n.) Paper covered on one side with sand glued fast, -- used for smoothing and polishing.
Sanguivorous (a.) Subsisting upon blood; -- said of certain blood-sucking bats and other animals. See Vampire.
Schreibersite (n.) A mineral occurring in steel-gray flexible folia. It contains iron, nickel, and phosphorus, and is found only in meteoric iron.
Scorifier (n.) One who, or that which, scorifies; specifically, a small flat bowl-shaped cup used in the first heating in assaying, to remove the earth and gangue, and to concentrate the gold and silver in a lead button.
Scrotiform (a.) Purse-shaped; pouch-shaped.
Scyphiform (a.) Cup-shaped.
Seminiferous (a.) Seed-bearing; producing seed; pertaining to, or connected with, the formation of semen; as, seminiferous cells or vesicles.
Sequester (v. t.) To cause to retire or withdraw into obscurity; to seclude; to withdraw; -- often used reflexively.
Seraskier (n.) A general or commander of land forces in the Turkish empire; especially, the commander-in-chief of minister of war.
Serpentarius (n.) A constellation on the equator, lying between Scorpio and Hercules; -- called also Ophiuchus.
Setterwort (n.) The bear's-foot (Helleborus f/tidus); -- so called because the root was used in settering, or inserting setons into the dewlaps of cattle. Called also pegroots.
Shropshire (n.) An English breed of black-faced hornless sheep similar to the Southdown, but larger, now extensively raised in many parts of the world.
Sicklewort (n.) A plant of the genus Coronilla (C. scorpioides); -- so named from its curved pods.
Sinistrorse (a.) Turning to the left (of the spectator) in the ascending line; -- the opposite of dextrorse. See Dextrorse.
Smoothbore (a.) Having a bore of perfectly smooth surface; -- distinguished from rifled.
Solicitor (n.) An attorney or advocate; one who represents another in court; -- formerly, in English practice, the professional designation of a person admitted to practice in a court of chancery or equity. See the Note under Attorney.
Sonneteer (n.) A composer of sonnets, or small poems; a small poet; -- usually in contempt.
Spermoderm (n.) The covering of a seed; -- sometimes limited to the outer coat or testa.
Spinnaker (n.) A large triangular sail set upon a boom, -- used when running before the wind.
Standergrass (n.) A plant (Orchis mascula); -- called also standerwort, and long purple. See Long purple, under Long.
Stargaser (n.) Any one of several species of spiny-rayed marine fishes belonging to Uranoscopus, Astroscopus, and allied genera, of the family Uranoscopidae. The common species of the Eastern United States are Astroscopus anoplus, and A. guttatus. So called from the position of the eyes, which look directly upward.
Stelliform (a.) Like a star; star-shaped; radiated.
Stromeyerite (n.) A steel-gray mineral of metallic luster. It is a sulphide of silver and copper.
Sundowner (n.) A tramp or vagabond in the Australian bush; -- so called from his coming to sheep stations at sunset of ask for supper and a bed, when it is too late to work; -- called also traveler and swagman (but not all swagmen are sundowners).
Successor (n.) One who succeeds or follows; one who takes the place which another has left, and sustains the like part or character; -- correlative to predecessor; as, the successor of a deceased king.
Sunflower (n.) Any plant of the genus Helianthus; -- so called probably from the form and color of its flower, which is large disk with yellow rays. The commonly cultivated sunflower is Helianthus annuus, a native of America.
Suprachoroidal (a.) Situated above the choroid; -- applied to the layer of the choroid coat of the eyeball next to the sclerotic.
Surrender (v. t.) To yield to any influence, emotion, passion, or power; -- used reflexively; as, to surrender one's self to grief, to despair, to indolence, or to sleep.
Swarmspore (n.) One of the minute flagellate germs produced by the sporulation of a protozoan; -- called also zoospore.
Tetterwort (n.) A plant used as a remedy for tetter, -- in England the calendine, in America the bloodroot.
Thaumaturgus (n.) A miracle worker; -- a title given by the Roman Catholics to some saints.
Thermidor (n.) The eleventh month of the French republican calendar, -- commencing July 19, and ending August 17. See the Note under Vendemiaire.
Throatwort (n.) A plant (Campanula Trachelium) formerly considered a remedy for sore throats because of its throat-shaped corolla.
Thunderer (n.) One who thunders; -- used especially as a translation of L. tonans, an epithet applied by the Romans to several of their gods, esp. to Jupiter.
Tracheobranchia (n.) One of the gill-like breathing organs of certain aquatic insect larvae. They contain tracheal tubes somewhat similar to those of other insects.
Tracheobronchial (a.) Pertaining both to the tracheal and bronchial tubes, or to their junction; -- said of the syrinx of certain birds.
Trachycarpous (a.) Rough-fruited.
Trestletree (n.) One of two strong bars of timber, fixed horizontally on the opposite sides of the masthead, to support the crosstrees and the frame of the top; -- generally used in the plural.
Trumpeter (n.) Any one of several species of long-legged South American birds of the genus Psophia, especially P. crepitans, which is abundant, and often domesticated and kept with other poultry by the natives. They are allied to the cranes. So called from their loud cry. Called also agami, and yakamik.
Undershirt (n.) A shirt worn next the skin, under another shirt; -- called also undervest.
Undersparred (a.) Having spars smaller than the usual dimension; -- said of vessels.
Uredospore (n.) The thin-walled summer spore which is produced during the so-called Uredo stage of certain rusts. See (in the Supplement) Uredinales, Heter/cious, etc.
Utricular (a.) Resembling a utricle or bag, whether large or minute; -- said especially with reference to the condition of certain substances, as sulphur, selenium, etc., when condensed from the vaporous state and deposited upon cold bodies, in which case they assume the form of small globules filled with liquid.
Vierkleur (n.) The four-colored flag of the South African Republic, or Transvaal, -- red, white, blue, and green.
Vertebrarterial (a.) Of or pertaining to a vertebrae and an artery; -- said of the foramina in the transverse processes of cervical vertebrae and of the canal which they form for the vertebral artery and vein.
Vocabulary (n.) A list or collection of words arranged in alphabetical order and explained; a dictionary or lexicon, either of a whole language, a single work or author, a branch of science, or the like; a word-book.
Volunteer (a.) One who enters into service voluntarily, but who, when in service, is subject to discipWattmeter (n.) An instrument for measuring power in watts, -- much used in measuring the energy of an electric current.
Whiggamore (n.) A Whig; -- a cant term applied in contempt to Scotch Presbyterians.
Windhover (n.) The kestrel; -- called also windbibber, windcuffer, windfanner.
Windlestraw (n.) A grass used for making ropes or for plaiting, esp. Agrostis Spica-ventis. Windward (n.) The point or side from which the wind blows; as, to ply to the windward; -- opposed to leeward. Wink (v. i.) To avoid taking notice, as if by shutting the eyes; to connive at anything; to be tolerant; -- generally with at.
Xiphisternum (n.) The posterior segment, or extremity, of the sternum; -- sometimes called metasternum, ensiform cartilage, ensiform process, or xiphoid process.
Yellowbird (n.) The common yellow warbler; -- called also summer yellowbird. See Illust. of Yellow warbler, under Yellow, a.
Yellowwort (n.) A European yellow-flowered, gentianaceous (Chlora perfoliata). The whole plant is intensely bitter, and is sometimes used as a tonic, and also in dyeing yellow.
Ypsiliform (a.) Resembling the / in appearance; -- said of the germinal spot in the ripe egg at one of the stages of fecundation.
About the author
Copyright © 2011 by Mark McCracken, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".