Words whose second letter is Y

Ay (interj.) Ah! alas!

Ay (adv.) Same as Aye.

Ayah (n.) A native nurse for children; also, a lady's maid.

Aye (adv.) Alt. of Ay

Ay (adv.) Yes; yea; -- a word expressing assent, or an affirmative answer to a question. It is much used in viva voce voting in legislative bodies, etc.

Aye (n.) An affirmative vote; one who votes in the affirmative; as, "To call for the ayes and noes;" "The ayes have it."

Aye (a.) Alt. of Ay

Ay (a.) Always; ever; continually; for an indefinite time.

Aye-aye (n.) A singular nocturnal quadruped, allied to the lemurs, found in Madagascar (Cheiromys Madagascariensis), remarkable for its long fingers, sharp nails, and rodent-like incisor teeth.

Ayegreen (n.) The houseleek (Sempervivum tectorum).

Ayen (adv. & prep.) Alt. of Ayeins

Ayein (adv. & prep.) Alt. of Ayeins

Ayeins (adv. & prep.) Again; back against.

Ayenward (adv.) Backward.

Ayle (n.) A grandfather.

Ayme (n.) The utterance of the ejaculation "Ay me !" [Obs.] See Ay, interj.

Ayond (prep. & adv.) Beyond.

Ayont (prep. & adv.) Beyond.

Ayrie (n.) Alt. of Ayry

Ayry (n.) See Aerie.

Ayrshire (n.) One of a superior breed of cattle from Ayrshire, Scotland. Ayrshires are notable for the quantity and quality of their milk.

Ayuntamiento (n.) In Spain and Spanish America, a corporation or body of magistrates in cities and towns, corresponding to mayor and aldermen.

By (pref.) In the neighborhood of; near or next to; not far from; close to; along with; as, come and sit by me.

By (pref.) On; along; in traversing. Compare 5.

By (pref.) Near to, while passing; hence, from one to the other side of; past; as, to go by a church.

By (pref.) Used in specifying adjacent dimensions; as, a cabin twenty feet by forty.

By (pref.) Against.

By (pref.) With, as means, way, process, etc.; through means of; with aid of; through; through the act or agency of; as, a city is destroyed by fire; profit is made by commerce; to take by force.

By (adv.) Near; in the neighborhood; present; as, there was no person by at the time.

By (adv.) Passing near; going past; past; beyond; as, the procession has gone by; a bird flew by.

By (adv.) Aside; as, to lay by; to put by.

By (a.) Out of the common path; aside; -- used in composition, giving the meaning of something aside, secondary, or incidental, or collateral matter, a thing private or avoiding notice; as, by-line, by-place, by-play, by-street. It was formerly more freely used in composition than it is now; as, by-business, by-concernment, by-design, by-interest, etc.

Byard (n.) A piece of leather crossing the breast, used by the men who drag sledges in coal mines.

By-bidder (n.) One who bids at an auction in behalf of the auctioneer or owner, for the purpose of running up the price of articles.

By-blow (n.) A side or incidental blow; an accidental blow.

By-blow (n.) An illegitimate child; a bastard.

By-corner (n.) A private corner.

By-dependence (n.) An appendage; that which depends on something else, or is distinct from the main dependence; an accessory.

By-drinking (n.) A drinking between meals.

Bye (n.) A thing not directly aimed at; something which is a secondary object of regard; an object by the way, etc.; as in on or upon the bye, i. e., in passing; indirectly; by implication.

Bye (n.) A run made upon a missed ball; as, to steal a bye.

Bye (n.) A dwelling.

Bye (n.) In certain games, a station or place of an individual player.

By-election (n.) An election held by itself, not at the time of a general election.

By-end (n.) Private end or interest; secret purpose; selfish advantage.

Bygone (a.) Past; gone by.

Bygone (n.) Something gone by or past; a past event.

By-interest (n.) Self-interest; private advantage.

Byland (n.) A peninsula.

Bylander (n.) See Bilander.

By-lane (n.) A private lane, or one opening out of the usual road.

By-law (n.) A local or subordinate law; a private law or regulation made by a corporation for its own government.

By-law (n.) A law that is less important than a general law or constitutional provision, and subsidiary to it; a rule relating to a matter of detail; as, civic societies often adopt a constitution and by-laws for the government of their members. In this sense the word has probably been influenced by by, meaning secondary or aside.

By-name (n.) A nickname.

Byname (v. t.) To give a nickname to.

By-pass (n.) A by-passage, for a pipe, or other channel, to divert circulation from the usual course.

By-passage (n.) A passage different from the usual one; a byway.

By-past (a.) Past; gone by.

Bypaths (pl. ) of Bypath

Bypath (n.) A private path; an obscure way; indirect means.

By-place (n.) A retired or private place.

Byplay (n.) Action carried on aside, and commonly in dumb show, while the main action proceeds.

By-product (n.) A secondary or additional product; something produced, as in the course of a manufacture, in addition to the principal product.

Byre (n.) A cow house.

By-respect (n.) Private end or view; by-interest.

Byroad (n.) A private or obscure road.

Byronic (a.) Pertaining to, or in the style of, Lord Byron.

By-room (n.) A private room or apartment.

Bysmottered (p.a.) Bespotted with mud or dirt.

By-speech (n.) An incidental or casual speech, not directly relating to the point.

By-spell (n.) A proverb.

Byss (n.) See Byssus, n., 1.

Byssaceous (a.) Byssuslike; consisting of fine fibers or threads, as some very delicate filamentous algae.

Byssiferous (a.) Bearing a byssus or tuft.

Byssin (n.) See Byssus, n., 1.

Byssine (a.) Made of silk; having a silky or flaxlike appearance.

Byssoid (a.) Byssaceous.

Byssolite (n.) An olive-green fibrous variety of hornblende.

Byssuses (pl. ) of Byssus

Byssi (pl. ) of Byssus

Byssus (n.) A cloth of exceedingly fine texture, used by the ancients. It is disputed whether it was of cotton, linen, or silk.

Byssus (n.) A tuft of long, tough filaments which are formed in a groove of the foot, and issue from between the valves of certain bivalve mollusks, as the Pinna and Mytilus, by which they attach themselves to rocks, etc.

Byssus (n.) An obsolete name for certain fungi composed of slender threads.

Byssus (n.) Asbestus.

Bystander (n.) One who stands near; a spectator; one who has no concern with the business transacting.

By-street (n.) A separate, private, or obscure street; an out of the way or cross street.

By-stroke (n.) An accidental or a slyly given stroke.

By-turning (n.) An obscure road; a way turning from the main road.

By-view (n.) A private or selfish view; self-interested aim or purpose.

By-walk (n.) A secluded or private walk.

By-wash (n.) The outlet from a dam or reservoir; also, a cut to divert the flow of water.

Byway (n.) A secluded, private, or obscure way; a path or road aside from the main one.

By-wipe (n.) A secret or side stroke, as of raillery or sarcasm.

Byword (n.) A common saying; a proverb; a saying that has a general currency.

Byword (n.) The object of a contemptuous saying.

Bywork (n.) Work aside from regular work; subordinate or secondary business.

Byzant (n.) Alt. of Byzantine

Byzantine (n.) A gold coin, so called from being coined at Byzantium. See Bezant.

Byzantian (a. & n.) See Byzantine.

Byzantine (a.) Of or pertaining to Byzantium.

Byzantine (n.) A native or inhabitant of Byzantium, now Constantinople; sometimes, applied to an inhabitant of the modern city of Constantinople.

Cyamelide (n.) A white amorphous substance, regarded as a polymeric modification of isocyanic acid.

Cyamellone (n.) A complex derivative of cyanogen, regarded as an acid, and known chiefly in its salts; -- called also hydromellonic acid.

Cyanate (n.) A salt of cyanic acid.

Cyanaurate (n.) See Aurocyanide.

Cyanean (a.) Having an azure color.

Cyanic (a.) Pertaining to, or containing, cyanogen.

Cyanic (a.) Of or pertaining to a blue color.

Cyanide (n.) A compound formed by the union of cyanogen with an element or radical.

Cyanin (n.) The blue coloring matter of flowers; -- called also anthokyan and anthocyanin.

Cyanine (n.) One of a series of artificial blue or red dyes obtained from quinoline and lepidine and used in calico printing.

Cyanite (n.) A mineral occuring in thin-bladed crystals and crystalline aggregates, of a sky-blue color. It is a silicate of aluminium.

Cyanogen (n.) A colorless, inflammable, poisonous gas, C2N2, with a peach-blossom odor, so called from its tendency to form blue compounds; obtained by heating ammonium oxalate, mercuric cyanide, etc. It is obtained in combination, forming an alkaline cyanide when nitrogen or a nitrogenous compound is strongly ignited with carbon and soda or potash. It conducts itself like a member of the halogen group of elements, and shows a tendency to form complex compounds. The name is also applied to the univalent radical, CN (the half molecule of cyanogen proper), which was one of the first compound radicals recognized.

Cyanometer (n.) An instrument for measuring degress of blueness.

Cyanopathy (n.) A disease in which the body is colored blue in its surface, arising usually from a malformation of the heart, which causes an imperfect arterialization of the blood; blue jaundice.

Cyanophyll (n.) A blue coloring matter supposed by some to be one of the component parts of chlorophyll.

Cyanosed (a.) Rendered blue, as the surface of the body, from cyanosis or deficient a/ration of the blood.

Cyanosis (n.) A condition in which, from insufficient a/ration of the blood, the surface of the body becomes blue. See Cyanopathy.

Cyanosite (n.) Native sulphate of copper. Cf. Blue vitriol, under Blue.

Cyanotic (a.) Relating to cyanosis; affected with cyanosis; as, a cyanotic patient; having the hue caused by cyanosis; as, a cyanotic skin.

Cyanotype (n.) A photographic picture obtained by the use of a cyanide.

Cyanurate (n.) A salt of cyanuric acid.

Cyanuret (n.) A cyanide.

Cyanuric (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, cyanic and uric acids.

Cyanuric acid () an organic acid, C3O3N3H3, first obtained by heating uric acid or urea, and called pyrouric acid; afterwards obtained from isocyanic acid. It is a white crystalline substance, odorless and almost tasteless; -- called also tricarbimide.

Cyathiform (a.) In the form of a cup, a little widened at the top.

Cyatholith (n.) A kind of coccolith, which in shape resembles a minute cup widened at the top, and varies in size from / to / of an inch.

Cyathophylloid (a.) Like, or pertaining to, the family Cyathophyllidae.

Cyathophylloid (n.) A fossil coral of the family Cyathophyllidae; sometimes extended to fossil corals of other related families belonging to the group Rugosa; -- also called cup corals. Thay are found in paleozoic rocks.

Cycad (n.) Any plant of the natural order Cycadaceae, as the sago palm, etc.

Cycadaceous (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, an order of plants like the palms, but having exogenous wood. The sago palm is an example.

Cycas (n.) A genus of trees, intermediate in character between the palms and the pines. The pith of the trunk of some species furnishes a valuable kind of sago.

Cyclamen (n.) A genus of plants of the Primrose family, having depressed rounded corms, and pretty nodding flowers with the petals so reflexed as to point upwards, whence it is called rabbits' ears. It is also called sow bread, because hogs are said to eat the corms.

Cyclamin (n.) A white amorphous substance, regarded as a glucoside, extracted from the corm of Cyclamen Europaeum.

Cyclas (n.) A long gown or surcoat (cut off in front), worn in the Middle Ages. It was sometimes embroidered or interwoven with gold. Also, a rich stuff from which the gown was made.

Cycle (n.) An imaginary circle or orbit in the heavens; one of the celestial spheres.

Cycle (n.) An interval of time in which a certain succession of events or phenomena is completed, and then returns again and again, uniformly and continually in the same order; a periodical space of time marked by the recurrence of something peculiar; as, the cycle of the seasons, or of the year.

Cycle (n.) An age; a long period of time.

Cycle (n.) An orderly list for a given time; a calendar.

Cycle (n.) The circle of subjects connected with the exploits of the hero or heroes of some particular period which have served as a popular theme for poetry, as the legend of Arthur and the knights of the Round Table, and that of Charlemagne and his paladins.

Cycle (n.) One entire round in a circle or a spire; as, a cycle or set of leaves.

Cycle (n.) A bicycle or tricycle, or other light velocipede.

Cycled (imp. & p. p.) of Cycle

Cycling (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Cycle

Cycle (v. i.) To pass through a cycle of changes; to recur in cycles.

Cycle (v. i.) To ride a bicycle, tricycle, or other form of cycle.

Cyclic (a.) Alt. of Cyclical

Cyclical (a.) Of or pertaining to a cycle or circle; moving in cycles; as, cyclical time.

Cyclide (n.) A surface of the fourth degree, having certain special relations to spherical surfaces. The tore or anchor ring is one of the cyclides.

Cycling (n.) The act, art, or practice, of riding a cycle, esp. a bicycle or tricycle.

Cyclist (n.) A cycler.

Cyclo- () A combining form meaning circular, of a circle or wheel.

Cyclobranchiate (a.) Having the gills around the margin of the body, as certain limpets.

Cycloganoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the Cycloganoidei.

Cycloganoid (n.) One of the Cycloganoidei.

Cycloganoidei (n. pl.) An order of ganoid fishes, having cycloid scales. The bowfin (Amia calva) is a living example.

Cyclograph (n.) See Arcograph.

Cycloid (n.) A curve generated by a point in the plane of a circle when the circle is rolled along a straight line, keeping always in the same plane.

Cycloid (a.) Of or pertaining to the Cycloidei.

Cycloid (n.) One of the Cycloidei.

Cycloidal (a.) Pertaining to, or resembling, a cycloid; as, the cycloidal space is the space contained between a cycloid and its base.

Cycloidei (n. pl.) An order of fishes, formerly proposed by Agassiz, for those with thin, smooth scales, destitute of marginal spines, as the herring and salmon. The group is now regarded as artificial.

Cycloidian (a. & n.) Same as 2d and 3d Cycloid.

Cyclometer (n.) A contrivance for recording the revolutions of a wheel, as of a bicycle.

Cyclometry (n.) The art of measuring circles.

Cyclone (n.) A violent storm, often of vast extent, characterized by high winds rotating about a calm center of low atmospheric pressure. This center moves onward, often with a velocity of twenty or thirty miles an hour.

Cyclonic (a.) Pertaining to a cyclone.

Cyclop (n.) See Note under Cyclops, 1.

Cyclopean (a.) Pertaining to the Cyclops; characteristic of the Cyclops; huge; gigantic; vast and rough; massive; as, Cyclopean labors; Cyclopean architecture.

Cyclopedia (n.) Alt. of Cyclopaedia

Cyclopaedia (n.) The circle or compass of the arts and sciences (originally, of the seven so-called liberal arts and sciences); circle of human knowledge. Hence, a work containing, in alphabetical order, information in all departments of knowledge, or on a particular department or branch; as, a cyclopedia of the physical sciences, or of mechanics. See Encyclopedia.

Cyclopedic (a.) Belonging to the circle of the sciences, or to a cyclopedia; of the nature of a cyclopedia; hence, of great range, extent, or amount; as, a man of cyclopedic knowledge.

Cyclopedist (n.) A maker of, or writer for, a cyclopedia.

Cyclopic (a.) Pertaining to the Cyclops; Cyclopean.

Cyclops (n. sing. & pl.) One of a race of giants, sons of Neptune and Amphitrite, having but one eye, and that in the middle of the forehead. They were fabled to inhabit Sicily, and to assist in the workshops of Vulcan, under Mt. Etna.

Cyclops (n. sing. & pl.) A genus of minute Entomostraca, found both in fresh and salt water. See Copepoda.

Cyclops (n. sing. & pl.) A portable forge, used by tinkers, etc.

Cyclorama (n.) A pictorial view which is extended circularly, so that the spectator is surrounded by the objects represented as by things in nature. The realistic effect is increased by putting, in the space between the spectator and the picture, things adapted to the scene represented, and in some places only parts of these objects, the completion of them being carried out pictorially.

Cycloscope (n.) A machine for measuring at any moment velocity of rotation, as of a wheel of a steam engine.

Cyclosis (n.) The circulation or movement of protoplasmic granules within a living vegetable cell.

Cyclostomata (n. pl.) Alt. of Cyclostoma

Cyclostoma (n. pl.) A division of Bryozoa, in which the cells have circular apertures.

Cyclostome (a.) Alt. of Cyclostomous

Cyclostomous (a.) Pertaining to the Cyclostomi.

Cyclostomi (n. pl.) A glass of fishes having a suckerlike mouth, without jaws, as the lamprey; the Marsipobranchii.

Cyclostylar (a.) Relating to a structure composed of a circular range of columns, without a core or building within.

Cyclostyle (n.) A contrivance for producing manifold copies of writing or drawing. The writing or drawing is done with a style carrying a small wheel at the end which makes minute punctures in the paper, thus converting it into a stencil. Copies are transferred with an inked roller.

Cyder (n.) See Cider.

Cydonin (n.) A peculiar mucilaginous substance extracted from the seeds of the quince (Cydonia vulgaris), and regarded as a variety of amylose.

Cygnet (n.) A young swan.

Cygnus (n.) A constellation of the northern hemisphere east of, or following, Lyra; the Swan.

Cylinder (n.) A solid body which may be generated by the rotation of a parallelogram round one its sides; or a body of rollerlike form, of which the longitudinal section is oblong, and the cross section is circular.

Cylinder (n.) The space inclosed by any cylindrical surface. The space may be limited or unlimited in length.

Cylinder (n.) Any hollow body of cylindrical form

Cylinder (n.) The chamber of a steam engine in which the piston is moved by the force of steam.

Cylinder (n.) The barrel of an air or other pump.

Cylinder (n.) The revolving platen or bed which produces the impression or carries the type in a cylinder press.

Cylinder (n.) The bore of a gun; the turning chambered breech of a revolver.

Cylinder (n.) The revolving square prism carrying the cards in a Jacquard loom.

Cylindraceous (a.) Cylindrical, or approaching a cylindrical form.

Cylindric (a.) Alt. of Cylindrical

Cylindrical (a.) Having the form of a cylinder, or of a section of its convex surface; partaking of the properties of the cylinder.

Cylindrically (adv.) In the manner or shape of a cylinder; so as to be cylindrical.

Cylindricity (n.) The quality or condition of being cylindrical.

Cylindriform (a.) Having the form of a cylinder.

Cylindroid (n.) A solid body resembling a right cylinder, but having the bases or ends elliptical.

Cylindroid (n.) A certain surface of the third degree, described by a moving straight line; -- used to illustrate the motions of a rigid body and also the forces acting on the body.

Cylindrometric (a.) Belonging to a scale used in measuring cylinders.

Cyma (n.) A member or molding of the cornice, the profile of which is wavelike in form.

Cyma (n.) A cyme. See Cyme.

Cymar (n.) A slight covering; a scarf. See Simar.

Cymatium (n.) A capping or crowning molding in classic architecture.

Cymbal (n.) A musical instrument used by the ancients. It is supposed to have been similar to the modern kettle drum, though perhaps smaller.

Cymbal (n.) A musical instrument of brass, shaped like a circular dish or a flat plate, with a handle at the back; -- used in pairs to produce a sharp ringing sound by clashing them together.

Cymbal (n.) A musical instrument used by gypsies and others, made of steel wire, in a triangular form, on which are movable rings.

Cymbalist (n.) A performer upon cymbals.

Cymbiform (a.) Shaped like a boat; (Bot.) elongated and having the upper surface decidedly concave, as the glumes of many grasses.

Cymbium (n.) A genus of marine univalve shells; the gondola.

Cyme (n.) A flattish or convex flower cluster, of the centrifugal or determinate type, differing from a corymb chiefly in the order of the opening of the blossoms.

Cymene (n.) A colorless, liquid, combustible hydrocarbon, CH3.C6H4.C3H7, of pleasant odor, obtained from oil of cumin, oil of caraway, carvacrol, camphor, etc.; -- called also paracymene, and formerly camphogen.

Cymenol (n.) See Carvacrol.

Cymidine (n.) A liquid organic base, C10H13.NH2, derived from cymene.

Cymiferous (a.) Producing cymes.

Cymling (n.) Alt. of Cymbling

Cymbling (n.) A scalloped or "pattypan" variety of summer squash.

Cymogene (n.) A highly volatile liquid, condensed by cold and pressure from the first products of the distillation of petroleum; -- used for producing low temperatures.

Cymoid (a.) Having the form of a cyme.

Cymophane (n.) See Chrysoberyl.

Cymophanous (a.) Having a wavy, floating light; opalescent; chatoyant.

Cymose (a.) Alt. of Cymous

Cymous (a.) Having the nature of a cyme, or derived from a cyme; bearing, or pertaining to, a cyme or cymes.

Cymric (a.) Welsh.

Cymric (n.) The Welsh language.

Cymry (n.) A collective term for the Welsh race; -- so called by themselves .

Cymule (n.) A small cyme, or one of very few flowers.

Cynanche (n.) Any disease of the tonsils, throat, or windpipe, attended with inflammation, swelling, and difficulty of breathing and swallowing.

Cynanthropy (n.) A kind of madness in which men fancy themselves changed into dogs, and imitate the voice and habits of that animal.

Cynarctomachy (n.) Bear baiting with a dog.

Cynarrhodium (n.) A fruit like that of the rose, consisting of a cup formed of the calyx tube and receptacle, and containing achenes.

Cynegetics (n.) The art of hunting with dogs.

Cynic (a.) Alt. of Cynical

Cynical (a.) Having the qualities of a surly dog; snarling; captious; currish.

Cynical (a.) Pertaining to the Dog Star; as, the cynic, or Sothic, year; cynic cycle.

Cynical (a.) Belonging to the sect of philosophers called cynics; having the qualities of a cynic; pertaining to, or resembling, the doctrines of the cynics.

Cynical (a.) Given to sneering at rectitude and the conduct of life by moral principles; disbelieving in the reality of any human purposes which are not suggested or directed by self-interest or self-indulgence; as, a cynical man who scoffs at pretensions of integrity; characterized by such opinions; as, cynical views of human nature.

Cynic (n.) One of a sect or school of philosophers founded by Antisthenes, and of whom Diogenes was a disciple. The first Cynics were noted for austere lives and their scorn for social customs and current philosophical opinions. Hence the term Cynic symbolized, in the popular judgment, moroseness, and contempt for the views of others.

Cynic (n.) One who holds views resembling those of the Cynics; a snarler; a misanthrope; particularly, a person who believes that human conduct is directed, either consciously or unconsciously, wholly by self-interest or self-indulgence, and that appearances to the contrary are superficial and untrustworthy.

Cynically (adv.) In a cynical manner.

Cynicalness (n.) The quality of being cynical.

Cynicism (n.) The doctrine of the Cynics; the quality of being cynical; the mental state, opinions, or conduct, of a cynic; morose and contemptuous views and opinions.

Cynoidea (n. pl.) A division of Carnivora, including the dogs, wolves, and foxes.

Cynorexia (n.) A voracious appetite, like that of a starved dog.

Cynosural (a.) Of or pertaining to a cynosure.

Cynosure (n.) The constellation of the Lesser Bear, to which, as containing the polar star, the eyes of mariners and travelers were often directed.

Cynosure (n.) That which serves to direct.

Cynosure (n.) Anything to which attention is strongly turned; a center of attraction.

Cyon (n.) See Cion, and Scion.

Cyperaceous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a large family of plants of which the sedge is the type.

Cyperus (n.) A large genus of plants belonging to the Sedge family, and including the species called galingale, several bulrushes, and the Egyptian papyrus.

Cypher (n. & v.) See Cipher.

Cyphonautes (n.) The free-swimming, bivalve larva of certain Bryozoa.

Cyphonism (n.) A punishment sometimes used by the ancients, consisting in the besmearing of the criminal with honey, and exposing him to insects. It is still in use among some Oriental nations.

Cypraea (n.) A genus of mollusks, including the cowries. See Cowrie.

Cypres (n.) A rule for construing written instruments so as to conform as nearly to the intention of the parties as is consistent with law.

Cypresses (pl. ) of Cypress

Cypress (n.) A coniferous tree of the genus Cupressus. The species are mostly evergreen, and have wood remarkable for its durability.

Cyprian (a.) Belonging to Cyprus.

Cyprian (a.) Of, pertaining, or conducing to, lewdness.

Cyprian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Cyprus, especially of ancient Cyprus; a Cypriot.

Cyprian (n.) A lewd woman; a harlot.

Cyprine (a.) Of or pertaining to the cypress.

Cyprine (a.) Cyprinoid.

Cyprinodont (n.) One of the Cyprinodontidae, a family of fishes including the killifishes or minnows. See Minnow.

Cyprinoid (a.) Like the carp (Cyprinus).

Cyprinoid (n.) One of the Cyprinidae, or Carp family, as the goldfish, barbel, etc.

Cypriot (n.) A native or inhabitant of Cyprus.

Cypripedium (n.) A genus of orchidaceous plants including the lady's slipper.

Cyprides (pl. ) of Cypris

Cypris (n.) A genus of small, bivalve, fresh-water Crustacea, belonging to the Ostracoda; also, a member of this genus.

Cyprus (n.) A thin, transparent stuff, the same as, or corresponding to, crape. It was either white or black, the latter being most common, and used for mourning.

Cypruslawn (n.) Same as Cyprus.

Cypsela (n.) A one-seeded, one-celled, indehiscent fruit; an achene with the calyx tube adherent.

Cypseliform (a.) Like or belonging to the swifts (Cypselidae.)

Cyrenaic (a.) Pertaining to Cyrenaica, an ancient country of northern Africa, and to Cyrene, its principal city; also, to a school of philosophy founded by Aristippus, a native of Cyrene.

Cyrenaic (n.) A native of Cyrenaica; also, a disciple of the school of Aristippus. See Cyrenian, n.

Cyrenian (a.) Pertaining to Cyrene, in Africa; Cyrenaic.

Cyrenian (n.) A native or inhabitant of Cyrene.

Cyrenian (n.) One of a school of philosophers, established at Cyrene by Aristippus, a disciple of Socrates. Their doctrines were nearly the same as those of the Epicureans.

Cyriologic (a.) Relating to capital letters.

Cyrtostyle (n.) A circular projecting portion.

Cyst (n.) A pouch or sac without opening, usually membranous and containing morbid matter, which is accidentally developed in one of the natural cavities or in the substance of an organ.

Cyst (n.) In old authors, the urinary bladder, or the gall bladder.

Cyst (n.) One of the bladders or air vessels of certain algae, as of the great kelp of the Pacific, and common rockweeds (Fuci) of our shores.

Cyst (n.) A small capsule or sac of the kind in which many immature entozoans exist in the tissues of living animals; also, a similar form in Rotifera, etc.

Cyst (n.) A form assumed by Protozoa in which they become saclike and quiescent. It generally precedes the production of germs. See Encystment.

Cysted (a.) Inclosed in a cyst.

Cystic (a.) Having the form of, or living in, a cyst; as, the cystic entozoa.

Cystic (a.) Containing cysts; cystose; as, cystic sarcoma.

Cystic (a.) Pertaining to, or contained in, a cyst; esp., pertaining to, or contained in, either the urinary bladder or the gall bladder.

Cysticerce (n.) Alt. of Cysticercus

Cysticercus (n.) The larval form of a tapeworm, having the head and neck of a tapeworm attached to a saclike body filled with fluid; -- called also bladder worm, hydatid, and measle (as, pork measle).

Cysticule (n.) An appendage of the vestibular ear sac of fishes.

Cystid (n.) One of the Cystidea.

Cystidea (n. pl.) An order of Crinoidea, mostly fossils of the Paleozoic rocks. They were usually roundish or egg-shaped, and often unsymmetrical; some were sessile, others had short stems.

Cystidean (n.) One of the Cystidea.

Cystine (n.) A white crystalline substance, C3H7NSO2, containing sulphur, occuring as a constituent of certain rare urinary calculi, and occasionally found as a sediment in urine.

Cystis (n.) A cyst. See Cyst.

Cystitis (n.) Inflammation of the bladder.

Cystocarp (n.) A minute vesicle in a red seaweed, which contains the reproductive spores.

Cystocele (n.) Hernia in which the urinary bladder protrudes; vesical hernia.

Cystoid (n.) Alt. of Cystoidean

Cystoidean (n.) Same as Cystidean.

Cystoidea (n.) Same as Cystidea.

Cystolith (n.) A concretion of mineral matter within a leaf or other part of a plant.

Cystolith (n.) A urinary calculus.

Cystolithic (a.) Relating to stone in the bladder.

Cystoplast (n.) A nucleated cell having an envelope or cell wall, as a red blood corpuscle or an epithelial cell; a cell concerned in growth.

Cystose (a.) Containing, or resembling, a cyst or cysts; cystic; bladdery.

Cystotome (n.) A knife or instrument used in cystotomy.

Cystotomy (n.) The act or practice of opening cysts; esp., the operation of cutting into the bladder, as for the extraction of a calculus.

Cytherean (a.) Pertaining to the goddess Venus.

Cytoblast (n.) The nucleus of a cell; the germinal or active spot of a cellule, through or in which cell development takes place.

Cytoblastema (n.) See Protoplasm.

Cytococci (pl. ) of Cytococcus

Cytococcus (n.) The nucleus of the cytula or parent cell.

Cytode (n.) A nonnucleated mass of protoplasm, the supposed simplest form of independent life differing from the amoeba, in which nuclei are present.

Cytogenesis (n.) Development of cells in animal and vegetable organisms. See Gemmation, Budding, Karyokinesis; also Cell development, under Cell.

Cytogenic (a.) Alt. of Cytogenetic

Cytogenetic (a.) Of or pertaining to cytogenesis or cell development.

Cytogenous (a.) Producing cells; -- applied esp. to lymphatic, or adenoid, tissue.

Cytogeny (n .) Cell production or development; cytogenesis.

Cytoid (a.) Cell-like; -- applied to the corpuscles of lymph, blood, chyle, etc.

Cytoplasm (n.) The substance of the body of a cell, as distinguished from the karyoplasma, or substance of the nucleus.

Cytula (n.) The fertilized egg cell or parent cell, from the development of which the child or other organism is formed.

Dyad (n.) Two units treated as one; a couple; a pair.

Dyad (n.) An element, atom, or radical having a valence or combining power of two.

Dyad (a.) Having a valence or combining power of two; capable of being substituted for, combined with, or replaced by, two atoms of hydrogen; as, oxygen and calcium are dyad elements. See Valence.

Dyadic (a.) Pertaining to the number two; of two parts or elements.

Dyaks (n. pl.) The aboriginal and most numerous inhabitants of Borneo. They are partially civilized, but retain many barbarous practices.

Dyas (n.) A name applied in Germany to the Permian formation, there consisting of two principal groups.

Dyed (imp. & p. p.) of Dye

Dyeing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Dye

Dye (v. t.) To stain; to color; to give a new and permanent color to, as by the application of dyestuffs.

Dye (n.) Color produced by dyeing.

Dye (n.) Material used for dyeing; a dyestuff.

Dye (n.) Same as Die, a lot.

Dyehouse (n.) A building in which dyeing is carried on.

Dyeing (n.) The process or art of fixing coloring matters permanently and uniformly in the fibers of wool, cotton, etc.

Dyer (n.) One whose occupation is to dye cloth and the like.

Dyestuff (n.) A material used for dyeing.

Dyewood (n.) Any wood from which coloring matter is extracted for dyeing.

Dying (a.) In the act of dying; destined to death; mortal; perishable; as, dying bodies.

Dying (a.) Of or pertaining to dying or death; as, dying bed; dying day; dying words; also, simulating a dying state.

Dying (n.) The act of expiring; passage from life to death; loss of life.

Dyingly (adv.) In a dying manner; as if at the point of death.

Dyingness (n.) The state of dying or the stimulation of such a state; extreme languor; languishment.

Dyke (n.) See Dike. The spelling dyke is restricted by some to the geological meaning.

Dynactinometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the intensity of the photogenic (light-producing) rays, and computing the power of object glasses.

Dynam (n.) A unit of measure for dynamical effect or work; a foot pound. See Foot pound.

Dynameter (n.) A dynamometer.

Dynameter (n.) An instrument for determining the magnifying power of telescopes, consisting usually of a doubleimage micrometer applied to the eye end of a telescope for measuring accurately the diameter of the image of the object glass there formed; which measurement, compared with the actual diameter of the glass, gives the magnifying power.

Dynametrical (a.) Pertaining to a dynameter.

Dynamic (a.) Alt. of Dynamical

Dynamical (a.) Of or pertaining to dynamics; belonging to energy or power; characterized by energy or production of force.

Dynamical (a.) Relating to physical forces, effects, or laws; as, dynamical geology.

Dynamically (adv.) In accordance with the principles of dynamics or moving forces.

Dynamics (n.) That branch of mechanics which treats of the motion of bodies (kinematics) and the action of forces in producing or changing their motion (kinetics). Dynamics is held by some recent writers to include statics and not kinematics.

Dynamics (n.) The moving moral, as well as physical, forces of any kind, or the laws which relate to them.

Dynamics (n.) That department of musical science which relates to, or treats of, the power of tones.

Dynamism (n.) The doctrine of Leibnitz, that all substance involves force.

Dynamist (n.) One who accounts for material phenomena by a theory of dynamics.

Dynamitard (n.) A political dynamiter. [A form found in some newspapers.]

Dynamite (n.) An explosive substance consisting of nitroglycerin absorbed by some inert, porous solid, as infusorial earth, sawdust, etc. It is safer than nitroglycerin, being less liable to explosion from moderate shocks, or from spontaneous decomposition.

Dynamiter (n.) One who uses dynamite; esp., one who uses it for the destruction of life and property.

Dynamiting (n.) Destroying by dynamite, for political ends.

Dynamitism (n.) The work of dynamiters.

Dynamization () The act of setting free the dynamic powers of a medicine, as by shaking the bottle containing it.

Dynamo (n.) A dynamo-electric machine.

Dynamo-electric (a.) Pertaining to the development of electricity, especially electrical currents, by power; producing electricity or electrical currents by mechanical power.

Dynamograph (n.) A dynamometer to which is attached a device for automatically registering muscular power.

Dynamometer (n.) An apparatus for measuring force or power; especially, muscular effort of men or animals, or the power developed by a motor, or that required to operate machinery.

Dynamometric (a.) Alt. of Dynamometrical

Dynamometrical (a.) Relating to a dynamometer, or to the measurement of force doing work; as, dynamometrical instruments.

Dynamometry (n.) The art or process of measuring forces doing work.

Dynast (n.) A ruler; a governor; a prince.

Dynast (n.) A dynasty; a government.

Dynasta (n.) A tyrant.

Dynastic (a.) Of or relating to a dynasty or line of kings.

Dynastical (a.) Dynastic.

Dynastidan (n.) One of a group of gigantic, horned beetles, including Dynastus Neptunus, and the Hercules beetle (D. Hercules) of tropical America, which grow to be six inches in length.

Dynasties (pl. ) of Dynasty

Dynasty (n.) Sovereignty; lordship; dominion.

Dynasty (n.) A race or succession of kings, of the same line or family; the continued lordship of a race of rulers.

Dyne (n.) The unit of force, in the C. G. S. (Centimeter Gram Second) system of physical units; that is, the force which, acting on a gram for a second, generates a velocity of a centimeter per second.

Dys- () An inseparable prefix, fr. the Greek / hard, ill, and signifying ill, bad, hard, difficult, and the like; cf. the prefixes, Skr. dus-, Goth. tuz-, OHG. zur-, G. zer-, AS. to-, Icel. tor-, Ir. do-.

Dysaesthesia (n.) Impairment of any of the senses, esp. of touch.

Dyscrasia (n.) An ill habit or state of the constitution; -- formerly regarded as dependent on a morbid condition of the blood and humors.

Dyscrasite (n.) A mineral consisting of antimony and silver.

Discrasies (pl. ) of Dyscrasy

Dyscrasy (n.) Dycrasia.

Dysenteric (a.) Alt. of Dysenterical

Dysenterical (a.) Of or pertaining to dysentery; having dysentery; as, a dysenteric patient.

Dysentery (n.) A disease attended with inflammation and ulceration of the colon and rectum, and characterized by griping pains, constant desire to evacuate the bowels, and the discharge of mucus and blood.

Dysgenesic (a.) Not procreating or breeding freely; as, one race may be dysgenesic with respect to another.

Dysgenesis (n.) A condition of not generating or breeding freely; infertility; a form homogenesis in which the hybrids are sterile among themselves, but are fertile with members of either parent race.

Dyslogistic (a.) Unfavorable; not commendatory; -- opposed to eulogistic.

Dysluite (n.) A variety of the zinc spinel or gahnite.

Dyslysin (n.) A resinous substance formed in the decomposition of cholic acid of bile; -- so called because it is difficult to solve.

Dysmenorrhea (n.) Difficult and painful menstruation.

Dysnomy (n.) Bad legislation; the enactment of bad laws.

Dysodile (n.) An impure earthy or coaly bitumen, which emits a highly fetid odor when burning.

Dyspepsia () Alt. of Dyspepsy

Dyspepsy () A kind of indigestion; a state of the stomach in which its functions are disturbed, without the presence of other diseases, or, if others are present, they are of minor importance. Its symptoms are loss of appetite, nausea, heartburn, acrid or fetid eructations, a sense of weight or fullness in the stomach, etc.

Dyspeptic (a.) Alt. of Dyspeptical

Dyspeptical (a.) Pertaining to dyspepsia; having dyspepsia; as, a dyspeptic or dyspeptical symptom.

Dyspeptic (n.) A person afflicted with dyspepsia.

Dyspeptone (n.) An insoluble albuminous body formed from casein and other proteid substances by the action of gastric juice.

Dysphagia (n.) Alt. of Dysphagy

Dysphagy (n.) Difficulty in swallowing.

Dysphonia (n.) Alt. of Dysphony

Dysphony (n.) A difficulty in producing vocal sounds; enfeebled or depraved voice.

Dysphoria (n.) Impatience under affliction; morbid restlessness; dissatisfaction; the fidgets.

Dyspnoea (n.) Difficulty of breathing.

Dyspnoic (a.) Affected with shortness of breath; relating to dyspnoea.

Dysteleology (n.) The doctrine of purposelessness; a term applied by Haeckel to that branch of physiology which treats of rudimentary organs, in view of their being useless to the life of the organism.

Dystocia (n.) Difficult delivery pr parturition.

Dystome (a.) Cleaving with difficulty.

Dysuria (n.) Alt. of Dysury

Dysury (n.) Difficult or painful discharge of urine.

Dysuric (a.) Pertaining to, or afflicted with, dysury.

Ey (n.) An island.

Eyren (pl. ) of Ey

Ey (n.) See Egg.

Ey () An interj. of wonder or inquiry.

Eyalet (n.) Formerly, one of the administrative divisions or provinces of the Ottoman Empire; -- now called a vilayet.

Eyas (n.) A nesting or unfledged bird; in falconry, a young hawk from the nest, not able to prey for itself.

Eyas (a.) Unfledged, or newly fledged.

Eyasmusket (n.) An unfledged or young male sparrow hawk.

Eye (n.) A brood; as, an eye of pheasants.

Eye (n.) The organ of sight or vision. In man, and the vertebrates generally, it is properly the movable ball or globe in the orbit, but the term often includes the adjacent parts. In most invertebrates the years are immovable ocelli, or compound eyes made up of numerous ocelli. See Ocellus.

Eye (n.) The faculty of seeing; power or range of vision; hence, judgment or taste in the use of the eye, and in judging of objects; as, to have the eye of sailor; an eye for the beautiful or picturesque.

Eye (n.) The action of the organ of sight; sight, look; view; ocular knowledge; judgment; opinion.

Eye (n.) The space commanded by the organ of sight; scope of vision; hence, face; front; the presence of an object which is directly opposed or confronted; immediate presence.

Eye (n.) Observation; oversight; watch; inspection; notice; attention; regard.

Eye (n.) That which resembles the organ of sight, in form, position, or appearance

Eye (n.) The spots on a feather, as of peacock.

Eye (n.) The scar to which the adductor muscle is attached in oysters and other bivalve shells; also, the adductor muscle itself, esp. when used as food, as in the scallop.

Eye (n.) The bud or sprout of a plant or tuber; as the eye of a potato.

Eye (n.) The center of a target; the bull's-eye.

Eye (n.) A small loop to receive a hook; as hooks and eyes on a dress.

Eye (n.) The hole through the head of a needle.

Eye (n.) A loop forming part of anything, or a hole through anything, to receive a rope, hook, pin, shaft, etc.; as an eye at the end of a tie bar in a bridge truss; as an eye through a crank; an eye at the end of rope.

Eye (n.) The hole through the upper millstone.

Eye (n.) That which resembles the eye in relative importance or beauty.

Eye (n.) Tinge; shade of color.

Eyed (imp. & p. p.) of Eye

Eying / Eyeing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Eye

Eye (v. t.) To fix the eye on; to look on; to view; to observe; particularly, to observe or watch narrowly, or with fixed attention; to hold in view.

Eye (v. i.) To appear; to look.

Eyeball (n.) The ball or globe of the eye.

Eyebar (n.) A bar with an eye at one or both ends.

Eyebeam (n.) A glance of the eye.

Eyebolt (n.) A bolt which a looped head, or an opening in the head.

Eyebright (n.) A small annual plant (Euphrasia officinalis), formerly much used as a remedy for diseases of the eye.

Eyebrow (n.) The brow or hairy arch above the eye.

Eyecup (n.) A small oval porcelain or glass cup, having a rim curved to fit the orbit of the eye. it is used in the application of liquid remedies to eyes; -- called also eyeglass.

Eyed (a.) Heaving (such or so many) eyes; -- used in composition; as sharp-eyed; dull-eyed; sad-eyed; ox-eyed Juno; myriad-eyed.

Eyedrop (n.) A tear.

Eyeflap (n.) A blinder on a horse's bridle.

Eyeful (a.) Filling or satisfying the eye; visible; remarkable.

Eyeglance (n.) A glance of eye.

Eyeglass (n.) A lens of glass to assist the sight. Eyeglasses are used singly or in pairs.

Eyeglass (n.) Eyepiece of a telescope, microscope, etc.

Eyeglass (n.) The retina.

Eyeglass (n.) A glass eyecup. See Eyecup.

Eyehole (n.) A circular opening to recive a hook, cord, ring, or rope; an eyelet.

Eyelash (n.) The fringe of hair that edges the eyelid; -- usually in the pl.

Eyelash (n.) A hair of the fringe on the edge of the eyelid.

Eyeless (a.) Without eyes; blind.

Eyelet (n.) A small hole or perforation to receive a cord or fastener, as in garments, sails, etc.

Eyelet (n.) A metal ring or grommet, or short metallic tube, the ends of which can be bent outward and over to fasten it in place; -- used to line an eyelet hole.

Eyeleteer (n.) A small, sharp-pointed instrument used in piercing eyelet holes; a stiletto.

Eyelid (n.) The cover of the eye; that portion of movable skin with which an animal covers or uncovers the eyeball at pleasure.

Eyen (n. pl.) Eyes.

Eyepiece (n.) The lens, or combination of lenses, at the eye end of a telescope or other optical instrument, through which the image formed by the mirror or object glass is viewed.

Eyer (n.) One who eyes another.

Eyereach (n.) The range or reach of the eye; eyeshot.

Eye-saint (n.) An object of interest to the eye; one worshiped with the eyes.

Eyesalve (n.) Ointment for the eye.

Eyeservant (n.) A servant who attends faithfully to his duty only when watched.

Eyeservice (n.) Service performed only under inspection, or the eye of an employer.

Eyeshot (n.) Range, reach, or glance of the eye; view; sight; as, to be out of eyeshot.

Eyesight (n.) Sight of the eye; the sense of seeing; view; observation.

Eyesore (n.) Something offensive to the eye or sight; a blemish.

Eye-splice (n.) A splice formed by bending a rope's end back, and fastening it into the rope, forming a loop or eye. See Illust. under Splice.

Eye-spot (n.) A simple visual organ found in many invertebrates, consisting of pigment cells covering a sensory nerve termination.

Eye-spot (n.) An eyelike spot of color.

Eye-spotted (a.) Marked with spots like eyes.

Eyestalk (n.) One of the movable peduncles which, in the decapod Crustacea, bear the eyes at the tip.

Eyestone (n.) A small, lenticular, calcareous body, esp. an operculum of a small marine shell of the family Turbinidae, used to remove a foreign substance from the eye. It is put into the inner corner of the eye under the lid, and allowed to work its way out at the outer corner, bringing with it the substance.

Eyestone (n.) Eye agate. See under Eye.

Eyestring (n.) The tendon by which the eye is moved.

Eyet (n.) An island. See Eyot.

Eyeteeth (pl. ) of Eyetooth

Eyetooth (n.) A canine tooth of the upper jaw.

Eyewash (n.) See Eyewater.

Eyewater (n.) A wash or lotion for application to the eyes.

Eyewink (n.) A wink; a token.

Eyewinker (n.) An eyelash.

Eyewitness (n.) One who sees a thing done; one who has ocular view of anything.

Eyghen (n. pl.) Eyes.

Eyght (n.) An island. See Eyot.

Eyle (v. t. & i.) To ail.

Eyliad (n.) See /iliad.

Eyne (n.) Alt. of Eyen

Eyen (n.) Plural of eye; -- now obsolete, or used only in poetry.

Eyot (n.) A little island in a river or lake. See Ait.

Eyr (n.) Air.

Eyra (n.) A wild cat (Felis eyra) ranging from southern Brazil to Texas. It is reddish yellow and about the size of the domestic cat, but with a more slender body and shorter legs.

Eyre (n.) A journey in circuit of certain judges called justices in eyre (or in itinere).

Eyren (n. pl.) See Ey, an egg.

Ey"ries (pl. ) of Eyry

Eyrie (n.) Alt. of Eyry

Eyry (n.) The nest of a bird of prey or other large bird that builds in a lofty place; aerie.

Eysell (n.) Same as Eisel.

-fy () A suffix signifying to make, to form into, etc.; as, acetify, amplify, dandify, Frenchify, etc.

Fy (interj.) A word which expresses blame, dislike, disapprobation, abhorrence, or contempt. See Fie.

Fyke (n.) A long bag net distended by hoops, into which fish can pass easily, without being able to return; -- called also fyke net.

Fyllot (n.) A rebated cross, formerly used as a secret emblem, and a common ornament. It is also called gammadion, and swastika.

Fyrd (v. i.) Alt. of Fyrdung

Fyrdung (v. i.) The military force of the whole nation, consisting of all men able to bear arms.

Fytte (n.) See Fit a song.

Gyall (n.) See Gayal.

Gyb (n.) Alt. of Gybe

Gybe (n.) See Jib.

Gybe (n. & v.) See Gibe.

Gybed (imp. & p. p.) of Gybe

Gybing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Gybe

Gybe (v. t. & i.) To shift from one side of a vessel to the other; -- said of the boom of a fore-and-aft sail when the vessel is steered off the wind until the sail fills on the opposite side.

Gye (v. t.) To guide; to govern.

Gyle (n.) Fermented wort used for making vinegar.

Gymnal (a. & n.) Same as Gimmal.

Gymnasiarch (n.) An Athenian officer who superintended the gymnasia, and provided the oil and other necessaries at his own expense.

Gymnasiums (pl. ) of Gymnasium

Gymnasia (pl. ) of Gymnasium

Gymnasium (n.) A place or building where athletic exercises are performed; a school for gymnastics.

Gymnasium (n.) A school for the higher branches of literature and science; a preparatory school for the university; -- used esp. of German schools of this kind.

Gymnast (n.) One who teaches or practices gymnastic exercises; the manager of a gymnasium; an athlete.

Gymnastic (a.) Alt. of Gymnastical

Gymnastical (a.) Pertaining to athletic exercises intended for health, defense, or diversion; -- said of games or exercises, as running, leaping, wrestling, throwing the discus, the javelin, etc.; also, pertaining to disciplinary exercises for the intellect; athletic; as, gymnastic exercises, contests, etc.

Gymnastic (n.) A gymnast.

Gymnastically (adv.) In a gymnastic manner.

Gymnastics (n.) Athletic or disciplinary exercises; the art of performing gymnastic exercises; also, disciplinary exercises for the intellect or character.

Gymnic (a.) Alt. of Gymnical

Gymnical (a.) Athletic; gymnastic.

Gymnic (n.) Athletic exercise.

Gymnite (n.) A hydrous silicate of magnesia.

Gymnoblastea (n. pl.) The Athecata; -- so called because the medusoid buds are not inclosed in a capsule.

Gymnoblastic (a.) Of or pertaining to the Gymnoblastea.

Gymnocarpous (a.) Naked-fruited, the fruit either smooth or not adherent to the perianth.

Gymnochroa (n. pl.) A division of Hydroidea including the hydra. See Hydra.

Gymnocladus (n.) A genus of leguminous plants; the Kentucky coffee tree. The leaves are cathartic, and the seeds a substitute for coffee.

Gymnocopa (n. pl.) A group of transparent, free-swimming Annelida, having setae only in the cephalic appendages.

Gymnocyte (n.) A cytode without a proper cell wall, but with a nucleus.

Gymnocytode (n.) A cytode without either a cell wall or a nucleus.

Gymnodont (n.) One of a group of plectognath fishes (Gymnodontes), having the teeth and jaws consolidated into one or two bony plates, on each jaw, as the diodonts and tetradonts. See Bur fish, Globefish, Diodon.

Gymnogen (n.) One of a class of plants, so called by Lindley, because the ovules are fertilized by direct contact of the pollen. Same as Gymnosperm.

Gymnoglossa (n. pl.) A division of gastropods in which the odontophore is without teeth.

Gymnolaema (n. pl.) Alt. of Gymnolaemata

Gymnolaemata (n. pl.) An order of Bryozoa, having no epistome.

Gymnonoti (n. pl.) The order of fishes which includes the Gymnotus or electrical eel. The dorsal fin is wanting.

Gymnopaedic (a.) Having young that are naked when hatched; psilopaedic; -- said of certain birds.

Gymnophiona (n. pl.) An order of Amphibia, having a long, annulated, snakelike body. See Ophiomorpha.

Gymnophthalmata (n. pl.) A group of acalephs, including the naked-eyed medusae; the hydromedusae. Most of them are known to be the free-swimming progeny (gonophores) of hydroids.

Gymnoplast (n.) A cell or mass of protoplasm devoid of an envelope, as a white blood corpuscle.

Gymnorhinal (a.) Having unfeathered nostrils, as certain birds.

Gymnosomata (n. pl.) One of the orders of Pteropoda. They have no shell.

Gymnosophist (n.) One of a sect of philosophers, said to have been found in India by Alexander the Great, who went almost naked, denied themselves the use of flesh, renounced bodily pleasures, and employed themselves in the contemplation of nature.

Gymnosophy (n.) The doctrines of the Gymnosophists.

Gymnosperm (n.) A plant that bears naked seeds (i. e., seeds not inclosed in an ovary), as the common pine and hemlock. Cf. Angiosperm.

Gymnospermous (n.) Having naked seeds, or seeds not inclosed in a capsule or other vessel.

Gymnospermous (n.) Belonging to the class of plants consisting of gymnosperms.

Gymnotoka (n. pl.) The Athecata.

Gymnotus (n.) A genus of South American fresh-water fishes, including the Gymnotus electricus, or electric eel. It has a greenish, eel-like body, and is possessed of electric power.

Gyn (v. i.) To begin [Obs.] See Gin.

Gynaeceum (n.) Alt. of Gynaecium

Gynaecium (n.) The part of a large house, among the ancients, exclusively appropriated to women.

Gynaecian (a.) The same as Gynecian.

Gynaecophore (n.) A ventral canal or groove, in which the males of some di/cious trematodes carry the female. See Illust. of Haematozoa.

Gynander (n.) A plant having the stamens inserted in the pistil.

Gynandria (n. pl.) A class of plants in the Linnaean system, whose stamens grow out of, or are united with, the pistil.

Gynandrian (a.) Alt. of Gynandrous

Gynandrous (a.) Having stamens inserted in the pistil; belonging to the class Gynandria.

Gynandromorph (n.) An animal affected with gynandromorphism,

Gynandromorphism (n.) An abnormal condition of certain animals, in which one side has the external characters of the male, and the other those of the female.

Gynandromorphous (a.) Affected, with gynandromorphism.

Gynantherous (a.) Pertaining to an abnormal condition of the flower, in which the stamens are converted into pistils.

Gynarchy (n.) Government by a woman.

Gyneceum (n.) See Gynaeceum.

Gynecian (a.) Of or relating to women.

Gynecocracy (n.) Government by a woman, female power; gyneocracy.

Gynecological (a.) Of or pertaining to gynecology.

Gynecology (n.) The science which treats of the structure and diseases of women.

Gyneocracy (n.) See Gynecocracy.

Gyneolatry (n.) The adoration or worship of woman.

Gynephobia (n.) Hatred of women; repugnance to the society of women.

Gynno (v. i.) To begin. See Gin.

Gynobase (n.) A dilated base or receptacle, supporting a multilocular ovary.

Gynobasic (a.) Pertaining to, or having, a gynobase.

Gynocracy (n.) Female government; gynecocracy.

Gynodioecious (a.) Dioecious, but having some hermaphrodite or perfect flowers on an individual plant which bears mostly pistillate flowers.

Gynoecium (n.) The pistils of a flower, taken collectively. See Illust. of Carpophore.

Gynophore (n.) The pedicel raising the pistil or ovary above the stamens, as in the passion flower.

Gynophore (n.) One of the branches bearing the female gonophores, in certain Siphonophora.

Gyp (n.) A college servant; -- so called in Cambridge, England; at Oxford called a scout.

Gypse (n.) See Gypsum.

Gypseous (a.) Resembling or containing gypsum; partaking of the qualities of gypsum.

Gypsey (n.) A gypsy. See Gypsy.

Gypsiferous (a.) Containing gypsum.

Gyp'sine (a.) Gypseous.

Gypsography (n.) The act or art of engraving on gypsum.

Gypsoplast (n.) A cast taken in plaster of Paris, or in white lime.

Gypsum (n.) A mineral consisting of the hydrous sulphate of lime (calcium). When calcined, it forms plaster of Paris. Selenite is a transparent, crystalline variety; alabaster, a fine, white, massive variety.

Gypsies (pl. ) of Gypsy

Gypsy (n.) One of a vagabond race, whose tribes, coming originally from India, entered Europe in 14th or 15th centry, and are now scattered over Turkey, Russia, Hungary, Spain, England, etc., living by theft, fortune telling, horsejockeying, tinkering, etc. Cf. Bohemian, Romany.

Gypsy (n.) The language used by the gypsies.

Gypsy (n.) A dark-complexioned person.

Gypsy (n.) A cunning or crafty person

Gypsy (a.) Pertaining to, or suitable for, gypsies.

Gypsy (v. i.) To play the gypsy; to picnic in the woods.

Gypsyism (n.) The arts and practices or habits of gypsies; deception; cheating; flattery.

Gypsyism (n.) The state of a gypsy.

Gypsywort (n.) A labiate plant (the Lycopus Europaeus). Gypsies are said to stain their skin with its juice.

Gyracanthus (n.) A genus of fossil fishes, found in Devonian and carboniferous strata; -- so named from their round, sculptured spines.

Gyral (a.) Moving in a circular path or way; whirling; gyratory.

Gyral (a.) Pertaining to a gyrus, or convolution.

Gyrant (a.) Gyrating.

Gyrate (a.) Winding or coiled round; curved into a circle; taking a circular course.

Gyrated (imp. & p. p.) of Gyrate

Gyrating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Gyrate

Gyrate (n.) To revolve round a central point; to move spirally about an axis, as a tornado; to revolve.

Gyration (n.) The act of turning or whirling, as around a fixed center; a circular or spiral motion; motion about an axis; rotation; revolution.

Gyration (n.) One of the whorls of a spiral univalve shell.

Gyratory (a.) Moving in a circle, or spirally; revolving; whirling around.

Gyre (n.) A circular motion, or a circle described by a moving body; a turn or revolution; a circuit.

Gyre (v. t. & i.) To turn round; to gyrate.

Gyreful (a.) Abounding in gyres.

Gyrencephala (n. pl.) The higher orders of Mammalia, in which the cerebrum is convoluted.

Gyrfalcon (n.) One of several species and varieties of large Arctic falcons, esp. Falco rusticolus and the white species F. Islandicus, both of which are circumpolar. The black and the gray are varieties of the former. See Illust. of Accipiter.

Gyri (n. pl.) See Gyrus.

Gyrland (v. t.) To garland.

Gyrodus (n.) A genus of extinct oolitic fishes, having rounded teeth in several rows adapted for crushing.

Gyrogonite (n.) The petrified fruit of the Chara hispida, a species of stonewort. See Stonewort.

Gyroidal (a.) Spiral in arrangement or action.

Gyroidal (a.) Having the planes arranged spirally, so that they incline all to the right (or left) of a vertical line; -- said of certain hemihedral forms.

Gyroidal (a.) Turning the plane of polarization circularly or spirally to the right or left.

Gyrolepis (n.) A genus of ganoid fishes, found in strata of the new red sandetone, and the lias bone beds.

Gyroma (n.) A turning round.

Gyromancy (n.) A kind of divination performed by drawing a ring or circle, and walking in or around it.

Gyron (n.) A subordinary of triangular form having one of its angles at the fess point and the opposite aide at the edge of the escutcheon. When there is only one gyron on the shield it is bounded by two lines drawn from the fess point, one horizontally to the dexter side, and one to the dexter chief corner.

Gyronny (a.) Covered with gyrons, or divided so as to form several gyrons; -- said of an escutcheon.

Gyropigeon (n.) A flying object simulating a pigeon in flight, when projected from a spring trap. It is used as a flying target in shooting matches.

Gyroscope (n.) A rotating wheel, mounted in a ring or rings, for illustrating the dynamics of rotating bodies, the composition of rotations, etc. It was devised by Professor W. R. Johnson, in 1832, by whom it was called the rotascope.

Gyroscope (n.) A form of the above apparatus, invented by M. Foucault, mounted so delicately as to render visible the rotation of the earth, through the tendency of the rotating wheel to preserve a constant plane of rotation, independently of the earth's motion.

Gyroscopic (a.) Pertaining to the gyroscope; resembling the motion of the gyroscope.

Gy-rose (a.) Turned round like a crook, or bent to and fro.

Gyrostat (n.) A modification of the gyroscope, consisting essentially of a fly wheel fixed inside a rigid case to which is attached a thin flange of metal for supporting the instrument. It is used in studying the dynamics of rotating bodies.

Gyrostatic (a.) Of or pertaining to the gyrostat or to gyrostatics.

Gyrostatics (n.) The doctrine or theory of the gyrostat, or of the phenomena of rotating bodies.

Gyri (pl. ) of Gyrus

Gyrus (n.) A convoluted ridge between grooves; a convolution; as, the gyri of the brain; the gyri of brain coral. See Brain.

Gyse (n.) Guise.

Gyte (a.) Delirious; senselessly extravagant; as, the man is clean gyte.

Gyve (n.) A shackle; especially, one to confine the legs; a fetter.

Gyve (v. t.) To fetter; to shackle; to chain.

Hy (a.) High.

Hyacine (n.) A hyacinth.

Hyacinth (n.) A bulbous plant of the genus Hyacinthus, bearing beautiful spikes of fragrant flowers. H. orientalis is a common variety.

Hyacinth (n.) A plant of the genus Camassia (C. Farseri), called also Eastern camass; wild hyacinth.

Hyacinth (n.) The name also given to Scilla Peruviana, a Mediterranean plant, one variety of which produces white, and another blue, flowers; -- called also, from a mistake as to its origin, Hyacinth of Peru.

Hyacinth (n.) A red variety of zircon, sometimes used as a gem. See Zircon.

Hyacinthian (a.) Hyacinthine.

Hyacinthine (a.) Belonging to the hyacinth; resemblingthe hyacinth; in color like the hyacinth.

Hyades (n.pl.) Alt. of Hyads

Hyads (n.pl.) A cluster of five stars in the face of the constellation Taurus, supposed by the ancients to indicate the coming of rainy weather when they rose with the sun.

Hyaena (n.) Same as Hyena.

Hyalea (n.) A pteroid of the genus Cavolina. See Pteropoda, and Illustration in Appendix.

Hyalescence (n.) The process of becoming, or the state of being, transparent like glass.

Hyaline (a.) Glassy; resembling glass; consisting of glass; transparent, like crystal.

Hyaline (n.) A poetic term for the sea or the atmosphere.

Hyaline (n.) The pellucid substance, present in cells in process of development, from which, according to some embryologists, the cell nucleous originates.

Hyaline (n.) The main constituent of the walls of hydatid cysts; a nitrogenous body, which, by decomposition, yields a dextrogyrate sugar, susceptible of alcoholic fermentation.

Hyalite (n.) A pellucid variety of opal in globules looking like colorless gum or resin; -- called also Muller's glass.

Hyalograph (n.) An instrument for tracing designs on glass.

Hyalography (n.) Art of writing or engraving on glass.

Hyaloid (a.) Resembling glass; vitriform; transparent; hyaline; as, the hyaloid membrane, a very delicate membrane inclosing the vitreous humor of the eye.

Hyalonema (n.) A genus of hexactinelline sponges, having a long stem composed of very long, slender, transparent, siliceous fibres twisted together like the strands of a color. The stem of the Japanese species (H. Sieboldii), called glass-rope, has long been in use as an ornament. See Glass-rope.

Hyalophane (n.) A species of the feldspar group containing barium. See Feldspar.

Hyalospongia (n. pl.) An order of vitreous sponges, having glassy six-rayed, siliceous spicules; -- called also Hexactinellinae.

Hyalotype (n.) A photographic picture copied from the negative on glass; a photographic transparency.

Hybernacle () Alt. of Hybernation

Hybernate () Alt. of Hybernation

Hybernation () See Hibernacle, Hibernate, Hibernation.

Hyblaean (a.) Pertaining to Hybla, an ancient town of Sicily, famous for its bees.

Hybodont (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, an extinct genus of sharks (Hybodus), especially in the form of the teeth, which consist of a principal median cone with smaller lateral ones.

Hybodus (n.) An extinct genus of sharks having conical, compressed teeth.

Hybrid (n.) The offspring of the union of two distinct species; an animal or plant produced from the mixture of two species. See Mongrel.

Hybrid (a.) Produced from the mixture of two species; as, plants of hybrid nature.

Hybridism (n.) The state or quality of being hybrid.

Hybridist (n.) One who hybridizes.

Hybridity (n.) Hybridism.

Hybridizable (a.) Capable of forming a hybrid, or of being subjected to a hybridizing process; capable of producing a hybrid by union with another species or stock.

Hybridization (n.) The act of hybridizing, or the state of being hybridized.

Hybridized (imp. & p. p.) of Hybridize

Hybridizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Hybridize

Hybridize (v. t.) To render hybrid; to produce by mixture of stocks.

Hybridizer (n.) One who hybridizes.

Hybridous (a.) Same as Hybrid.

Hydage (n.) A land tax. See Hidage.

Hydantoic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, hydantoin. See Glycoluric.

Hydantoin (n.) A derivative of urea, C3H4N2O2, obtained from allantion, as a white, crystalline substance, with a sweetish taste; -- called also glycolyl urea.

Hydatid (n.) A membranous sac or bladder filled with a pellucid fluid, found in various parts of the bodies of animals, but unconnected with the tissues. It is usually formed by parasitic worms, esp. by larval tapeworms, as Echinococcus and Coenurus. See these words in the Vocabulary.

Hydatiform (a.) Resembling a hydatid.

Hydatoid (a.) Resembling water; watery; aqueous; hyaloid.

Hydr- () See under Hydro-.

Hydras (pl. ) of Hydra

Hydrae (pl. ) of Hydra

Hydra (n.) A serpent or monster in the lake or marsh of Lerna, in the Peloponnesus, represented as having many heads, one of which, when cut off, was immediately succeeded by two others, unless the wound was cauterized. It was slain by Hercules. Hence, a terrible monster.

Hydra (n.) Hence: A multifarious evil, or an evil having many sources; not to be overcome by a single effort.

Hydra (n.) Any small fresh-water hydroid of the genus Hydra, usually found attached to sticks, stones, etc., by a basal sucker.

Hydra (n.) A southern constellation of great length lying southerly from Cancer, Leo, and Virgo.

Hydrachnid (n.) An aquatic mite of the genus Hydrachna. The hydrachnids, while young, are parasitic on fresh-water mussels.

Hydracid (n.) An acid containing hydrogen; -- sometimes applied to distinguish acids like hydrochloric, hydrofluoric, and the like, which contain no oxygen, from the oxygen acids or oxacids. See Acid.

Hydracrylic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an isomeric variety of lastic acid that breaks down into acrylic acid and water.

Hydractinian (n.) Any species or marine hydroids, of the genus Hydractinia and allied genera. These hydroids form, by their rootstalks, a firm, chitinous coating on shells and stones, and esp. on spiral shells occupied by hermit crabs. See Illust. of Athecata.

Hydraemia (n.) An abnormally watery state of the blood; anaemia.

Hydragogue (a.) Causing a discharge of water; expelling serum effused into any part of the body, as in dropsy.

Hydragogue (n.) A hydragogue medicine, usually a cathartic or diuretic.

Hydramide (n.) One of a group of crystalline bodies produced by the action of ammonia on certain aldehydes.

Hydramine (n.) One of a series of artificial, organic bases, usually produced as thick viscous liquids by the action of ammonia on ethylene oxide. They have the properties both of alcohol and amines.

Hydrangea (n.) A genus of shrubby plants bearing opposite leaves and large heads of showy flowers, white, or of various colors. H. hortensis, the common garden species, is a native of China or Japan.

Hydrant (n.) A discharge pipe with a valve and spout at which water may be drawn from the mains of waterworks; a water plug.

Hydranth (n.) One of the nutritive zooids of a hydroid colony. Also applied to the proboscis or manubrium of a hydroid medusa. See Illust. of Hydroidea.

Hydrargochloride (n.) A compound of the bichloride of mercury with another chloride.

Hydrargyrate (a.) Of or pertaining to mercury; containing, or impregnated with, mercury.

Hydrargyrism (n.) A diseased condition produced by poisoning with hydrargyrum, or mercury; mercurialism.

Hydrargyrum (n.) Quicksilver; mercury.

Hydrarthrosis (n.) An effusion of watery liquid into the cavity of a joint.

Hydrastine (n.) An alkaloid, found in the rootstock of the golden seal (Hydrastis Canadensis), and extracted as a bitter, white, crystalline substance. It is used as a tonic and febrifuge.

Hydra-tainted (a.) Dipped in the gall of the fabulous hydra; poisonous; deadly.

Hydrate (n.) A compound formed by the union of water with some other substance, generally forming a neutral body, as certain crystallized salts.

Hydrate (n.) A substance which does not contain water as such, but has its constituents (hydrogen, oxygen, hydroxyl) so arranged that water may be eliminated; hence, a derivative of, or compound with, hydroxyl; hydroxide; as, ethyl hydrate, or common alcohol; calcium hydrate, or slaked lime.

Hydrated (imp. & p. p.) of Hydrate

Hydrating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Hydrate

Hydrate (v. t.) To form into a hydrate; to combine with water.

Hydrated (a.) Formed into a hydrate; combined with water.

Hydration (n.) The act of becoming, or state of being, a hydrate.

Hydraulic (a.) Of or pertaining to hydraulics, or to fluids in motion; conveying, or acting by, water; as, an hydraulic clock, crane, or dock.

Hydraulical (a.) Hydraulic.

Hydraulicon (n.) An ancient musical instrument played by the action of water; a water organ.

Hydraulics (n.) That branch of science, or of engineering, which treats of fluids in motion, especially of water, its action in rivers and canals, the works and machinery for conducting or raising it, its use as a prime mover, and the like.

Hydrazine (n.) Any one of a series of nitrogenous bases, resembling the amines and produced by the reduction of certain nitroso and diazo compounds; as, methyl hydrazine, phenyl hydrazine, etc. They are derivatives of hydrazine proper, H2N.NH2, which is a doubled amido group, recently (1887) isolated as a stable, colorless gas, with a peculiar, irritating odor. As a base it forms distinct salts. Called also diamide, amidogen, (or more properly diamidogen), etc.

Hydrencephsloid (a.) Same as Hydrocephaloid.

Hydria (n.) A water jar; esp., one with a large rounded body, a small neck, and three handles. Some of the most beautiful Greek vases are of this form.

Hydriad (n.) A water nymph.

Hydric (a.) Pertaining to, or containing, hydrogen; as, hydric oxide.

Hydride (n.) A compound of the binary type, in which hydrogen is united with some other element.

Hydriform (a.) Having the form or structure of a hydra.

Hydrina (n. pl.) The group of hydroids to which the fresh-water hydras belong.

Hydriodate (n.) Same as Hydriodide.

Hydriodic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, hydrogen and iodine; -- said of an acid produced by the combination of these elements.

Hydriodide (n.) A compound of hydriodic acid with a base; -- distinguished from an iodide, in which only the iodine combines with the base.

Hydro- () Alt. of Hydr-

Hydr- () A combining form from Gr. /, /, water (see Hydra).

Hydr- () A combining form of hydrogen, indicating hydrogen as an ingredient, as hydrochloric; or a reduction product obtained by hydrogen, as hydroquinone.

Hydrobarometer (n.) An instrument for determining the depth of the sea water by its pressure.

Hydrobilirubin (n.) A body formed from bilirubin, identical with urobilin.

Hydrobranchiata (n. pl.) An extensive artificial division of gastropod mollusks, including those that breathe by gills, as contrasted with the Pulmonifera.

Hydrobromate (n.) Same as Hydrobromide.

Hydrobromic (a.) Composed of hydrogen and bromine; as, hydrobromic acid.

Hydrobromide (n.) A compound of hydrobromic acid with a base; -- distinguished from a bromide, in which only the bromine unites with the base.

Hydrocarbon (n.) A compound containing only hydrogen and carbon, as methane, benzene, etc.; also, by extension, any of their derivatives.

Hydrocarbonaceous (a.) Of the nature, or containing, hydrocarbons.

Hydrocarbonate (n.) A hydrocarbon.

Hydrocarbonate (n.) A hydrous carbonate, as malachite.

Hydrocarbostyril (n.) A white, crystalline, nitrogenous hydrocarbon, C9H9NO, obtained from certain derivatives of cinnamic acid and closely related to quinoline and carbostyril.

Hydrocarburet (n.) Carbureted hydrogen; also, a hydrocarbon.

Hydrocauli (pl. ) of Hydrocaulus

Hydrocaulus (n.) The hollow stem of a hydroid, either simple or branched. See Illust. of Gymnoblastea and Hydroidea.

Hydrocele (n.) A collection of serous fluid in the areolar texture of the scrotum or in the coverings, especially in the serous sac, investing the testicle or the spermatic cord; dropsy of the testicle.

Hydrocephalic (a.) Relating to, or connected with, hydrocephalus, or dropsy of the brain.

Hydrocephaloid (a.) Resembling hydrocephalus.

Hydrocephalous (a.) Having hydrocephalus.

Hydrocephalus (n.) An accumulation of liquid within the cavity of the cranium, especially within the ventricles of the brain; dropsy of the brain. It is due usually to tubercular meningitis. When it occurs in infancy, it often enlarges the head enormously.

Hydrochlorate (n.) Same as Hydrochloride.

Hydrochloric (a.) Pertaining to, or compounded of, chlorine and hydrogen gas; as, hydrochloric acid; chlorhydric.

Hydrochloride (n.) A compound of hydrochloric acid with a base; -- distinguished from a chloride, where only chlorine unites with the base.

Hydrocorallia (n. pl.) A division of Hydroidea, including those genera that secrete a stony coral, as Millepora and Stylaster. Two forms of zooids in life project from small pores in the coral and resemble those of other hydroids. See Millepora.

Hydrocyanate (n.) See Hydrocyanide.

Hydrocyanic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from the combination of, hydrogen and cyanogen.

Hydrocyanide (n.) A compound of hydrocyanic acid with a base; -- distinguished from a cyanide, in which only the cyanogen so combines.

Hydrodynamic (a.) Alt. of Hydrodynamical

Hydrodynamical (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, the dynamical action of water of a liquid; of or pertaining to water power.

Hydrodynamics (n.) That branch of the science of mechanics which relates to fluids, or, as usually limited, which treats of the laws of motion and action of nonelastic fluids, whether as investigated mathematically, or by observation and experiment; the principles of dynamics, as applied to water and other fluids.

Hydrodynamometer (n.) An instrument to measure the velocity of a liquid current by the force of its impact.

Hydro-electric (a.) Pertaining to, employed in, or produced by, the evolution of electricity by means of a battery in which water or steam is used.

Hydro-extractor (n.) An apparatus for drying anything, as yarn, cloth, sugar, etc., by centrifugal force; a centrifugal.

Hydroferricyanic (n.) Pertaining to, or containing, or obtained from, hydrogen, ferric iron, and cyanogen; as, hydroferricyanic acid. See Ferricyanic.

Hydroferrocyanic (a.) Pertaining to, or containing, or obtained from, hydrogen, ferrous iron, and cyanogen; as, hydroferrocyanic acid. See Ferrocyanic.

Hydrofluate (n.) A supposed compound of hydrofluoris acid and a base; a fluoride.

Hydrofluoric (a.) Pertaining to, or containing, hydrogen and fluorine; fluohydric; as, hydrofluoric acid.

Hydrofluosilicate (n.) A salt of hydrofluosilic acid; a silicofluoride. See Silicofluoride.

Hydrofluosilicic (a.) Pertaining to, or denoting, a compound consisting of a double fluoride of hydrogen and silicon; silicofluoric. See Silicofluoric.

Hydrogalvanic (a.) Pertaining to, produced by, or consisting of, electricity evolved by the action or use of fluids; as, hydrogalvanic currents.

Hydrogen (n.) A gaseous element, colorless, tasteless, and odorless, the lightest known substance, being fourteen and a half times lighter than air (hence its use in filling balloons), and over eleven thousand times lighter than water. It is very abundant, being an ingredient of water and of many other substances, especially those of animal or vegetable origin. It may by produced in many ways, but is chiefly obtained by the action of acids (as sulphuric) on metals, as zinc, iron, etc. It is very inflammable, and is an ingredient of coal gas and water gas. It is standard of chemical equivalents or combining weights, and also of valence, being the typical monad. Symbol H. Atomic weight 1.

Hydrogenated (imp. & p. p.) of Hydrogenate

Hydrogenating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Hydrogenate

Hydrogenate (v. t.) To hydrogenize.

Hydrogenation (n.) The act of combining with hydrogen, or the state of being so combined.

Hydrogenide (n.) A binary compound containing hydrogen; a hydride. [R.] See Hydride.

Hydrogenium (n.) Hydrogen; -- called also in view of its supposed metallic nature.

Hydrogenized (imp. & p. p.) of Hydrogenize

Hydrogenizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Hydrogenize

Hydrogenize (v. t.) To combine with hydrogen; to treat with, or subject to the action of, hydrogen; to reduce; -- contrasted with oxidize.

Hydrogenous (a.) Of or pertaining to hydrogen; containing hydrogen.

Hydrognosy (n.) A treatise upon, or a history and description of, the water of the earth.

Hydrogode (n.) The negative pole or cathode.

Hydrographer (n.) One skilled in the hydrography; one who surveys, or draws maps or charts of, the sea, lakes, or other waters, with the adjacent shores; one who describes the sea or other waters.

Hydrographic (a.) Alt. of Hydrographical

Hydrographical (a.) Of or relating to hydrography.

Hydrography (n.) The art of measuring and describing the sea, lakes, rivers, and other waters, with their phenomena.

Hydrography (n.) That branch of surveying which embraces the determination of the contour of the bottom of a harbor or other sheet of water, the depth of soundings, the position of channels and shoals, with the construction of charts exhibiting these particulars.

Hydroguret (n.) A hydride.

Hydroid (a.) Related to, or resembling, the hydra; of or pertaining to the Hydroidea.

Hydroid (n.) One of the Hydroideas.

Hydroidea (n. pl.) An extensive order of Hydrozoa or Acalephae.

Hydrokinetic (a.) Of or pertaining to the motions of fluids, or the forces which produce or affect such motions; -- opposed to hydrostatic.

Hydrological (a.) Of or pertaining to hydrology.

Hydrologist (n.) One skilled in hydrology.

Hydrology (n.) The science of water, its properties, phenomena, and distribution over the earth's surface.

Hydrolytic (a.) Tending to remove or separate water; eliminating water.

Hydromagnesite (n.) A hydrous carbonate of magnesia occurring in white, early, amorphous masses.

Hydromancy (n.) Divination by means of water, -- practiced by the ancients.

Hydromantic (a.) Of or pertaining to divination by water.

Hydromechanics (n.) That branch of physics which treats of the mechanics of liquids, or of their laws of equilibrium and of motion.

Hydromedusae (pl. ) of Hydromedusa

Hydromedusa (n.) Any medusa or jellyfish which is produced by budding from a hydroid. They are called also Craspedota, and naked-eyed medusae.

Hydromel (n.) A liquor consisting of honey diluted in water, and after fermentation called mead.

Hydromellonic (a.) See Cyamellone.

Hydrometallurgical (a.) Of or pertaining to hydrometallurgy; involving the use of liquid reagents in the treatment or reduction of ores.

Hydrometallurgy (n.) The art or process of assaying or reducing ores by means of liquid reagents.

Hydrometeor (n.) A meteor or atmospheric phenomenon dependent upon the vapor of water; -- in the pl., a general term for the whole aqueous phenomena of the atmosphere, as rain, snow, hail, etc.

Hydrometeorological (a.) Of or pertaining to hydrometeorology, or to rain, clouds, storms, etc.

Hydrometeorology (n.) That branch of meteorology which relates to, or treats of, water in the atmosphere, or its phenomena, as rain, clouds, snow, hail, storms, etc.

Hydrometer (n.) An instrument for determining the specific gravities of liquids, and thence the strength spirituous liquors, saline solutions, etc.

Hydrometer (n.) An instrument, variously constructed, used for measuring the velocity or discharge of water, as in rivers, from reservoirs, etc., and called by various specific names according to its construction or use, as tachometer, rheometer, hydrometer, pendulum, etc.; a current gauge.

Hydrometric (a.) Alt. of Hydrometrical

Hydrometrical (a.) Of or pertaining to an hydrometer, or to the determination of the specific gravity of fluids.

Hydrometrical (a.) Of or pertaining to measurement of the velocity, discharge, etc., of running water.

Hydrometrical (a.) Made by means of an hydrometer; as, hydrometric observations.

Hydrometrograph (n.) An instrument for determining and recording the quantity of water discharged from a pipe, orifice, etc., in a given time.

Hydrometry (n.) The art of determining the specific gravity of liquids, and thence the strength of spirituous liquors, saline solutions, etc.

Hydrometry (n.) The art or operation of measuring the velocity or discharge of running water, as in rivers, etc.

Hydromica (n.) A variety of potash mica containing water. It is less elastic than ordinary muscovite.

Hydronephrosis (n.) An accumulation of urine in the pelvis of the kidney, occasioned by obstruction in the urinary passages.

Hydropath (n.) A hydropathist.

Hydropathic (a.) Alt. of Hydropathical

Hydropathical (a.) Of or pertaining to hydropathy.

Hydropathist (n.) One who practices hydropathy; a water-cure doctor.

Hydropathy (n.) The water cure; a mode of treating diseases by the copious and frequent use of pure water, both internally and externally.

Hydroperitoneum (n.) Same as Ascites.

Hydrophane (n.) A semitranslucent variety of opal that becomes translucent or transparent on immersion in water.

Hydrophanous (a.) Made transparent by immersion in water.

Hydrophid (n.) Any sea snake of the genus Hydrophys and allied genera. These snakes are venomous, live upon fishes, and have a flattened tail for swimming.

Hydrophlorone (n.) A white, crystalline benzene derivative, C8H10O2, obtained by the reduction of phlorone.

Hydrophobia (n.) An abnormal dread of water, said to be a symptom of canine madness; hence:

Hydrophobia (n.) The disease caused by a bite form, or inoculation with the saliva of, a rabid creature, of which the chief symptoms are, a sense of dryness and construction in the throat, causing difficulty in deglutition, and a marked heightening of reflex excitability, producing convulsions whenever the patient attempts to swallow, or is disturbed in any way, as by the sight or sound of water; rabies; canine madness.

Hydrophobic (a.) Of or pertaining to hydrophobia; producing or caused by rabies; as, hydrophobic symptoms; the hydrophobic poison.

Hydrophoby (n.) See Hydrophobia.

Hydrophora (n. pl.) The Hydroidea.

Hydrophore (n.) An instrument used for the purpose of obtaining specimens of water from any desired depth, as in a river, a lake, or the ocean.

Hydrophyllia (pl. ) of Hydrophyllium

Hydrophylliums (pl. ) of Hydrophyllium

Hydrophyllium (n.) One of the flat, leaflike, protective zooids, covering other zooids of certain Siphonophora.

Hydrophyte (n.) An aquatic plant; an alga.

Hydrophytology (n.) The branch of botany which treats of water plants.

Hydropic (a.) Alt. of Hydropical

Hydropical (a.) Dropsical, or resembling dropsy.

Hydropically (adv.) In a hydropical manner.

Hydropiper (n.) A species (Polygonum Hydropiper) of knotweed with acrid foliage; water pepper; smartweed.

Hydropneumatic (a.) Pertaining to, or depending upon, both liquid and gaseous substances; as, hydropneumatic apparatus for collecting gases over water or other liquids.

Hydropsy (n.) Same as Dropsy.

Hydropult (n.) A machine for throwing water by hand power, as a garden engine, a fire extinguisher, etc.

Hydroquinone (n.) A white crystalline substance, C6H4(OH)2, obtained by the reduction of quinone. It is a diacid phenol, resembling, and metameric with, pyrocatechin and resorcin. Called also dihydroxy benzene.

Hydrorhizae (pl. ) of Hydrorhiza

Hydrorhizas (pl. ) of Hydrorhiza

Hydrorhiza (n.) The rootstock or decumbent stem by which a hydroid is attached to other objects. See Illust. under Hydroidea.

Hydrosalt (n.) A salt supposed to be formed by a hydracid and a base.

Hydrosalt (n.) An acid salt.

Hydrosalt (n.) A hydrous salt; a salt combined with water of hydration or crystallization.

Hydroscope (n.) An instrument designed to mark the presence of water, especially in air.

Hydroscope (n.) A kind of water clock, used anciently for measuring time, the water tricking from an orifice at the end of a graduated tube.

Hydrosome (n.) Alt. of Hydrosoma

Hydrosoma (n.) All the zooids of a hydroid colony collectively, including the nutritive and reproductive zooids, and often other kinds.

Hydrosorbic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid obtained from sorbic acid when this takes up hydrogen; as, hydrosorbic acid.

Hydrostat (n.) A contrivance or apparatus to prevent the explosion of steam boilers.

Hydrostatic (a.) Alt. of Hydrostatical

Hydrostatical (a.) Of or relating to hydrostatics; pertaining to, or in accordance with, the principles of the equilibrium of fluids.

Hydrostatically (adv.) According to hydrostatics, or to hydrostatic principles.

Hydrostatician (n.) One who is versed or skilled in hydrostatics.

Hydrostatics (n.) The branch of science which relates to the pressure and equilibrium of nonelastic fluids, as water, mercury, etc.; the principles of statics applied to water and other liquids.

Hydrosulphate (n.) Same as Hydrosulphurent.

Hydrosulphide (n.) One of a series of compounds, derived from hydrogen sulphide by the replacement of half its hydrogen by a base or basic radical; as, potassium hydrosulphide, KSH. The hydrosulphides are analogous to the hydrates and include the mercaptans.

Hydrosulphite (n.) A saline compound of hydrosulphurous acid and a base.

Hydrosulphuret (n.) A hydrosulphide.

Hydrosulphureted (a.) Combined with hydrogen sulphide.

Hydrosulphuric (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, hydrogen and sulphur; as, hydrosulphuric acid, a designation applied to the solution of hydrogen sulphide in water.

Hydrosulphurous (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid obtained by the reduction of sulphurous acid. See Hyposulphurous acid, under Hyposulphurous.

Hydrotellurate (n.) A salt formed by the union of hydrotelluric acid and the base.

Hydrotelluric (a.) Formed by hydrogen and tellurium; as, hydrotelluric acid, or hydrogen telluride.

Hydrothecae (pl. ) of Hydrotheca

Hydrothecas (pl. ) of Hydrotheca

Hydrotheca (n.) One of the calicles which, in some Hydroidea (Thecaphora), protect the hydrants. See Illust. of Hydroidea, and Campanularian.

Hydrotherapy (n.) See Hydropathy.

Hydrothermal (a.) Of or pertaining to hot water; -- used esp. with reference to the action of heated waters in dissolving, redepositing, and otherwise producing mineral changes within the crust of the globe.

Hydrothorax (n.) An accumulation of serous fluid in the cavity of the chest.

Hydrotic (a.) Causing a discharge of water or phlegm.

Hydrotic (n.) A hydrotic medicine.

Hydrotical (a.) Hydrotic.

Hydrotrope (n.) A device for raising water by the direct action of steam; a pulsometer.

Hydrotropic (a.) Turning or bending towards moisture, as roots.

Hydrotropism (n.) A tendency towards moisture.

Hydrous (a.) Containing water; watery.

Hydrous (a.) Containing water of hydration or crystallization.

Hydroxanthane (n.) A persulphocyanate.

Hydroxanthic (a.) Persulphocyanic.

Hydroxide (n.) A hydrate; a substance containing hydrogen and oxygen, made by combining water with an oxide, and yielding water by elimination. The hydroxides are regarded as compounds of hydroxyl, united usually with basic element or radical; as, calcium hydroxide ethyl hydroxide.

Hydroxy- () A combining form, also used adjectively, indicating hydroxyl as an ingredient.

Hydroxyl (n.) A compound radical, or unsaturated group, HO, consisting of one atom of hydrogen and one of oxygen. It is a characteristic part of the hydrates, the alcohols, the oxygen acids, etc.

Hydroxylamine (n.) A nitrogenous, organic base, NH2.OH, resembling ammonia, and produced by a modified reduction of nitric acid. It is usually obtained as a volatile, unstable solution in water. It acts as a strong reducing agent.

Hydrozoa (n. pl.) The Acalephae; one of the classes of coelenterates, including the Hydroidea, Discophora, and Siphonophora.

Hydrozoal (a.) Of or pertaining to the Hydrozoa.

Hydrozoa (pl. ) of Hydrozoon

Hydrozoons (pl. ) of Hydrozoon

Hydrozoon (n.) One of the Hydrozoa.

Hydruret (n.) A binary compound of hydrogen; a hydride.

Hydrus (n.) A constellation of the southern hemisphere, near the south pole.

Hye (n. & v.) See Hie.

Hyemal (a.) Belonging to winter; done in winter.

Hyemate (v. i.) To pass the winter.

Hyemation (n.) The passing of a winter in a particular place; a wintering.

Hyemation (n.) The act of affording shelter in winter.

Hyen (n.) A hyena.

Hyenas (pl. ) of Hyena

Hyena (n.) Any carnivorous mammal of the family Hyaenidae, of which three living species are known. They are large and strong, but cowardly. They feed chiefly on carrion, and are nocturnal in their habits.

Hyetal (a.) Of or pertaining to rain; descriptive of the distribution of rain, or of rainy regions.

Hyetograph (n.) A chart or graphic representation of the average distribution of rain over the surface of the earth.

Hyetographic (a.) Of or pertaining to to hyetography.

Hyetography (n.) The branch of physical science which treats of the geographical distribution of rain.

Hygeia (n.) The goddess of health, daughter of Esculapius.

Hygeian (a.) Relating to Hygeia, the goddess of health; of or pertaining to health, or its preservation.

Hygeist (n.) One skilled in hygiena; a hygienist.

Hygieist (n.) A hygienist.

Hygiene (n.) That department of sanitary science which treats of the preservation of health, esp. of households and communities; a system of principles or rules designated for the promotion of health.

Hygienic (a.) Of or pertaining to health or hygiene; sanitary.

Hygienics (n.) The science of health; hygiene.

Hygienism (n.) Hygiene.

Hygienist (n.) One versed in hygiene.

Hygiology (n.) A treatise on, or the science of, the preservation of health.

Hygrine (n.) An alkaloid associated with cocaine in coca leaves (Erythroxylon coca), and extracted as a thick, yellow oil, having a pungent taste and odor.

Hygrodeik (n.) A form of hygrometer having wet and dry bulb thermometers, with an adjustable index showing directly the percentage of moisture in the air, etc.

Hygrograph (n.) An instrument for recording automatically the variations of the humidity of the atmosphere.

Hygrology (n.) The science which treats of the fluids of the body.

Hygrometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the degree of moisture of the atmosphere.

Hygrometric (a.) Alt. of Hygrometrical

Hygrometrical (a.) Of or pertaining to hygrometry; made with, or according to, the hygrometer; as, hygrometric observations.

Hygrometrical (a.) Readily absorbing and retaining moisture; as, hygrometric substances, like potash.

Hygrometry (n.) That branch of physics which relates to the determination of the humidity of bodies, particularly of the atmosphere, with the theory and use of the instruments constructed for this purpose.

Hygrophanous (a.) Having such a structure as to be diaphanous when moist, and opaque when dry.

Hygrophthalmic (a.) Serving to moisten the eye; -- sometimes applied to the lachrymal ducts.

Hygroplasm (n.) The fluid portion of the cell protoplasm, in opposition to stereoplasm, the solid or insoluble portion. The latter is supposed to be partly nutritive and partly composed of idioplasm.

Hygroscope (n.) An instrument which shows whether there is more or less moisture in the atmosphere, without indicating its amount.

Hygroscopic (a.) Of or pertaining to, or indicated by, the hygroscope; not readily manifest to the senses, but capable of detection by the hygroscope; as, glass is often covered with a film of hygroscopic moisture.

Hygroscopic (a.) Having the property of readily inbibing moisture from the atmosphere, or of the becoming coated with a thin film of moisture, as glass, etc.

Hygroscopicity (n.) The property possessed by vegetable tissues of absorbing or discharging moisture according to circumstances.

Hygrostatics (n.) The science or art of comparing or measuring degrees of moisture.

Hyke (n.) See Haik, and Huke.

Hylaeosaur (n.) Alt. of Hylaeosaurus

Hylaeosaurus (n.) A large Wealden dinosaur from the Tilgate Forest, England. It was about twenty feet long, protected by bony plates in the skin, and armed with spines.

Hylarchical (a.) Presiding over matter.

Hyleosaur (n.) Same as Hylaeosaur.

Hylic (a.) Of or pertaining to matter; material; corporeal; as, hylic influences.

Hylicist (n.) A philosopher who treats chiefly of matter; one who adopts or teaches hylism.

Hylism (n.) A theory which regards matter as the original principle of evil.

Hylobate (n.) Any species of the genus Hylobates; a gibbon, or long-armed ape. See Gibbon.

Hylodes (n.) The piping frog (Hyla Pickeringii), a small American tree frog, which in early spring, while breeding in swamps and ditches, sings with high, shrill, but musical, notes.

Hyloism (n.) Same as Hylotheism.

Hyloist (n.) Same as Hylotheist.

Hylopathism (n.) The doctrine that matter is sentient.

Hylopathist (n.) One who believes in hylopathism.

Hylophagous (a.) Eating green shoots, as certain insects do.

Hylotheism (n.) The doctrine of belief that matter is God, or that there is no God except matter and the universe; pantheism. See Materialism.

Hylotheist (n.) One who believes in hylotheism.

Hylozoic (a.) Of or pertaining to hylozoism.

Hylozoism (n.) The doctrine that matter possesses a species of life and sensation, or that matter and life are inseparable.

Hylozoist (n.) A believer in hylozoism.

Hymar (n.) The wild ass of Persia.

Hymen (n.) A fold of muscous membrane often found at the orifice of the vagina; the vaginal membrane.

Hymen (n.) A fabulous deity; according to some, the son of Apollo and Urania, according to others, of Bacchus and Venus. He was the god of marriage, and presided over nuptial solemnities.

Hymen (n.) Marriage; union as if by marriage.

Hymeneal (n.) Alt. of Hymenean

Hymenean (n.) Of or pertaining to marriage; as, hymeneal rites.

Hymeneal (n.) Alt. of Hymenean

Hymenean (n.) A marriage song.

Hymenia (pl. ) of Hymenium

Hymeniums (pl. ) of Hymenium

Hymenium (n.) The spore-bearing surface of certain fungi, as that on the gills of a mushroom.

Hymenogeny (n.) The production of artificial membranes by contact of two fluids, as albumin and fat, by which the globules of the latter are surrounded by a thin film of the former.

Hymenomycetes (n. pl.) One of the great divisions of fungi, containing those species in which the hymenium is completely exposed.

Hymenophore (n.) That part of a fungus which is covered with the hymenium.

Hymenopter (n.) One of the Hymenoptera.

Hymenoptera (n. pl.) An extensive order of insects, including the bees, ants, ichneumons, sawflies, etc.

Hymenopteral (a.) Alt. of Hymenopterous

Hymenopterous (a.) Like, or characteristic of, the Hymenoptera; pertaining to the Hymenoptera.

Hymenopteran (n.) One of the Hymenoptera.

Hymn (n.) An ode or song of praise or adoration; especially, a religious ode, a sacred lyric; a song of praise or thankgiving intended to be used in religious service; as, the Homeric hymns; Watts' hymns.

Hymned (imp. & p. p.) of Hymn

Hymning (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Hymn

Hymn (v. t.) To praise in song; to worship or extol by singing hymns; to sing.

Hymn (v. i.) To sing in praise or adoration.

Hymnal (n.) A collection of hymns; a hymn book.

Hymnic (a.) Relating to hymns, or sacred lyrics.

Hymning (a.) Praising with hymns; singing.

Hymning (n.) The singing of hymns.

Hymnist (n.) A writer of hymns.

Hymnody (n.) Hymns, considered collectively; hymnology.

Hymnographer (n.) One who writes on the subject of hymns.

Hymnographer (n.) A writer or composed of hymns.

Hymnography (n.) The art or act of composing hymns.

Hymnologist (n.) A composer or compiler of hymns; one versed in hymnology.

Hymnology (n.) The hymns or sacred lyrics composed by authors of a particular country or period; as, the hymnology of the eighteenth century; also, the collective body of hymns used by any particular church or religious body; as, the Anglican hymnology.

Hymnology (n.) A knowledge of hymns; a treatise on hymns.

Hympne (n.) A hymn.

Hyndreste (a.) See Hinderest.

Hyne (n.) A servant. See Hine.

Hyo- () A prexif used in anatomy, and generally denoting connection with the hyoid bone or arch; as, hyoglossal, hyomandibular, hyomental, etc.

Hyoganoidei (n. pl.) A division of ganoid fishes, including the gar pikes and bowfins.

Hyoglossal (a.) Pertaining to or connecting the tongue and hyodean arch; as, the hyoglossal membrane.

Hyoglossal (a.) Of or pertaining to the hyoglossus muscle.

Hyoglossus (n.) A flat muscle on either side of the tongue, connecting it with the hyoid bone.

Hyoid (a.) Having the form of an arch, or of the Greek letter upsilon [/].

Hyoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the bony or cartilaginous arch which supports the tongue. Sometimes applied to the tongue itself.

Hyoid (n.) The hyoid bone.

Hyoideal (a.) Alt. of Hyoidean

Hyoidean (a.) Same as Hyoid, a.

Hyomandibular (a.) Pertaining both to the hyoidean arch and the mandible or lower jaw; as, the hyomandibular bone or cartilage, a segment of the hyoid arch which connects the lower jaw with the skull in fishes.

Hyomandibular (n.) The hyomandibular bone or cartilage.

Hyomental (a.) Between the hyoid bone and the lower jaw, pertaining to them; suprahyoid; submaxillary; as, the hyomental region of the front of the neck.

Hyopastron (n.) The second lateral plate in the plastron of turtles; -- called also hyosternum.

Hyoscine (n.) An alkaloid found with hyoscyamine (with which it is also isomeric) in henbane, and extracted as a white, amorphous, semisolid substance.

Hyoscyamine (n.) An alkaloid found in henbane (Hyoscyamus niger), and regarded as its active principle. It is also found with other alkaloids in the thorn apple and deadly nightshade. It is extracted as a white crystalline substance, with a sharp, offensive taste. Hyoscyamine is isomeric with atropine, is very poisonous, and is used as a medicine for neuralgia, like belladonna. Called also hyoscyamia, duboisine, etc.

Hyoscyamus (n.) A genus of poisonous plants of the Nightshade family; henbane.

Hyoscyamus (n.) The leaves of the black henbane (Hyoscyamus niger), used in neuralgic and pectorial troubles.

Hyosternal (a.) Between the hyoid bone and the sternum, or pertaining to them; infrahyoid; as, the hyosternal region of the neck.

Hyosternal (a.) Pertaining to the hyosternum of turtles.

Hyosternum (n.) See Hyoplastron.

Hyostylic (a.) Having the mandible suspended by the hyomandibular, or upper part of the hyoid arch, as in fishes, instead of directly articulated with the skull as in mammals; -- said of the skull.

Hyp (n.) An abbreviation of hypochonaria; -- usually in plural.

Hyp (v. t.) To make melancholy.

Hypaethral (a.) Alt. of Hypethral

Hypethral (a.) Exposed to the air; wanting a roof; -- applied to a building or part of a building.

Hypallage (n.) A figure consisting of a transference of attributes from their proper subjects to other. Thus Virgil says, "dare classibus austros," to give the winds to the fleets, instead of dare classibus austris, to give the fleets to the winds.

Hypanthia (pl. ) of Hypanthium

Hypanthiums (pl. ) of Hypanthium

Hypanthium (n.) A fruit consisting in large part of a receptacle, enlarged below the calyx, as in the Calycanthus, the rose hip, and the pear.

Hypapophyles (pl. ) of Hypapophysis

Hypapophysis (n.) A process, or other element, of a vertebra developed from the ventral side of the centrum, as haemal spines, and chevron bones.

Hyparterial (a.) Situated below an artery; applied esp. to the branches of the bronchi given off below the point where the pulmonary artery crosses the bronchus.

Hypaspist (n.) A shield-bearer or armor-bearer.

Hypaxial (a.) Beneath the axis of the skeleton; subvertebral; hyposkeletal.

Hyper- () A prefix signifying over, above; as, hyperphysical, hyperthyrion; also, above measure, abnormally great, excessive; as, hyperaemia, hyperbola, hypercritical, hypersecretion.

Hyper- () A prefix equivalent to super- or per-; as hyperoxide, or peroxide. [Obs.] See Per-.

Hyperaemia (n.) A superabundance or congestion of blood in an organ or part of the body.

Hyperaesthesia (n.) A state of exalted or morbidly increased sensibility of the body, or of a part of it.

Hyperapophyses (pl. ) of Hyperapophysis

Hyperapophysis (n.) A lateral and backward-projecting process on the dorsal side of a vertebra.

Hyperaspist (n.) One who holds a shield over another; hence, a defender.

Hyperbatic (a.) Of or pertaining to an hyperbaton; transposed; inverted.

Hyperbaton (n.) A figurative construction, changing or inverting the natural order of words or clauses; as, "echoed the hills" for "the hills echoed."

Hyperbola (n.) A curve formed by a section of a cone, when the cutting plane makes a greater angle with the base than the side of the cone makes. It is a plane curve such that the difference of the distances from any point of it to two fixed points, called foci, is equal to a given distance. See Focus. If the cutting plane be produced so as to cut the opposite cone, another curve will be formed, which is also an hyperbola. Both curves are regarded as branches of the same hyperbola. See Illust. of Conic section, and Focus.

Hyperbole (n.) A figure of speech in which the expression is an evident exaggeration of the meaning intended to be conveyed, or by which things are represented as much greater or less, better or worse, than they really are; a statement exaggerated fancifully, through excitement, or for effect.

Hyperbolic (a.) Alt. of Hyperbolical

Hyperbolical (a.) Belonging to the hyperbola; having the nature of the hyperbola.

Hyperbolical (a.) Relating to, containing, or of the nature of, hyperbole; exaggerating or diminishing beyond the fact; exceeding the truth; as, an hyperbolical expression.

Hyperbolically (adv.) In the form of an hyperbola.

Hyperbolically (adv.) With exaggeration; in a manner to express more or less than the truth.

Hyperboliform (a.) Having the form, or nearly the form, of an hyperbola.

Hyperbolism (n.) The use of hyperbole.

Hyperbolist (n.) One who uses hyperboles.

Hyperbolized (imp. & p. p.) of Hyperbolize

Hyperbolizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Hyperbolize

Hyperbolize (v. i.) To speak or write with exaggeration.

Hyperbolize (v. t.) To state or represent hyperbolically.

Hyperboloid (n.) A surface of the second order, which is cut by certain planes in hyperbolas; also, the solid, bounded in part by such a surface.

Hyperboloid (a.) Having some property that belongs to an hyperboloid or hyperbola.

Hyperborean (a.) Of or pertaining to the region beyond the North wind, or to its inhabitants.

Hyperborean (a.) Northern; belonging to, or inhabiting, a region in very far north; most northern; hence, very cold; fright, as, a hyperborean coast or atmosphere.

Hyperborean (n.) One of the people who lived beyond the North wind, in a land of perpetual sunshine.

Hyperborean (n.) An inhabitant of the most northern regions.

Hypercarbureted (a.) Having an excessive proportion of carbonic acid; -- said of bicarbonates or acid carbonates.

Hypercatalectic (a.) Having a syllable or two beyond measure; as, a hypercatalectic verse.

Hyperchloric (a.) See Perchloric.

Hyperchromatism (n.) The condition of having an unusual intensity of color.

Hypercritic (n.) One who is critical beyond measure or reason; a carping critic; a captious censor.

Hypercritic (a.) Hypercritical.

Hypercritical (a.) Over critical; unreasonably or unjustly critical; carping; captious.

Hypercritical (a.) Excessively nice or exact.

Hypercritically (adv.) In a hypercritical manner.

Hypercriticise (v. t.) To criticise with unjust severity; to criticise captiously.

Hypercriticism (n.) Excessive criticism, or unjust severity or rigor of criticism; zoilism.

Hyperdicrotic (a.) Excessive dicrotic; as, a hyperdicrotic pulse.

Hyperdicrotism (n.) A hyperdicrotic condition.

Hyperdicrotous (a.) Hyperdicrotic.

Hyperdulia (n.) Veneration or worship given to the Virgin Mary as the most exalted of mere creatures; higher veneration than dulia.

Hyperduly (n.) Hyperdulia.

Hyperesthesia (n.) Same as Hyperaesthesia.

Hypericum (n.) A genus of plants, generally with dotted leaves and yellow flowers; -- called also St. John's-wort.

Hyperinosis (n.) A condition of the blood, characterized by an abnormally large amount of fibrin, as in many inflammatory diseases.

Hyperion (n.) The god of the sun; in the later mythology identified with Apollo, and distinguished for his beauty.

Hyperkinesis (n.) Abnormally increased muscular movement; spasm.

Hyperkinetic (a.) Of or pertaining to hyperkinesis.

Hypermetamorphosis (n.) A kind of metamorphosis, in certain insects, in which the larva itself undergoes remarkable changes of form and structure during its growth.

Hypermeter (n.) A verse which has a redundant syllable or foot; a hypercatalectic verse.

Hypermeter (n.) Hence, anything exceeding the ordinary standard.

Hypermetrical (a.) Having a redundant syllable; exceeding the common measure.

Hypermetropia (n.) Alt. of Hypermetropy

Hypermetropy (n.) A condition of the eye in which, through shortness of the eyeball or fault of the refractive media, the rays of light come to a focus behind the retina; farsightedness; -- called also hyperopia. Cf. Emmetropia.

Hypermyriorama (n.) A show or exhibition having a great number of scenes or views.

Hyperoartia (n. pl.) An order of marsipobranchs including the lampreys. The suckerlike moth contains numerous teeth; the nasal opening is in the middle of the head above, but it does not connect with the mouth. See Cyclostoma, and Lamprey.

Hyperopia (n.) Hypermetropia.

Hyperorganic (a.) Higher than, or beyond the sphere of, the organic.

Hyperorthodoxy (n.) Orthodoxy pushed to excess.

Hyperotreta (n. pl.) An order of marsipobranchs, including the Myxine or hagfish and the genus Bdellostoma. They have barbels around the mouth, one tooth on the plate, and a communication between the nasal aperture and the throat. See Hagfish.

Hyperoxide (n.) A compound having a relatively large percentage of oxygen; a peroxide.

Hyperoxygenated (a.) Alt. of Hyperoxygenized

Hyperoxygenized (a.) Combined with a relatively large amount of oxygen; -- said of higher oxides.

Hyperoxymuriate (n.) A perchlorate.

Hyperoxymuriatic (a.) Perchloric; as, hyperoxymuriatic acid.

Hyperphysical (a.) Above or transcending physical laws; supernatural.

Hyperplasia (n.) An increase in, or excessive growth of, the normal elements of any part.

Hyperplastic (a.) Of or pertaining to hyperplasia.

Hyperplastic (a.) Tending to excess of formative action.

Hypernoea (n.) Abnormal breathing, due to slightly deficient arterialization of the blood; -- in distinction from eupnoea. See Eupnoea, and Dispnoea.

Hyperpyrexia (n.) A condition of excessive fever; an elevation of temperature in a disease, in excess of the limit usually observed in that disease.

Hypersecretion (n.) Morbid or excessive secretion, as in catarrh.

Hypersensibility (n.) See Hyperaesthesia.

Hyperspace (n.) An imagined space having more than three dimensions.

Hypersthene (n.) An orthorhombic mineral of the pyroxene group, of a grayish or greenish black color, often with a peculiar bronzelike luster (schiller) on the cleavage surface.

Hypersthenic (a.) Composed of, or containing, hypersthene.

Hyperthetical (a.) Exaggerated; excessive; hyperbolical.

Hyperthyrion (n.) That part of the architrave which is over a door or window.

Hypertrophic (a.) Alt. of Hypertrophical

Hypertrophical (a.) Of or pertaining to hypertrophy; affected with, or tending to, hypertrophy.

Hypertrophied (a.) Excessively developed; characterized by hypertrophy.

Hypertrophy (n.) A condition of overgrowth or excessive development of an organ or part; -- the opposite of atrophy.

Hyphae (n. pl.) The long, branching filaments of which the mycelium (and the greater part of the plant) of a fungus is formed. They are also found enveloping the gonidia of lichens, making up a large part of their structure.

Hyphen (n.) A mark or short dash, thus [-], placed at the end of a line which terminates with a syllable of a word, the remainder of which is carried to the next line; or between the parts of many a compound word; as in fine-leaved, clear-headed. It is also sometimes used to separate the syllables of words.

Hyphened (imp. & p. p.) of Hyphen

Hyphening (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Hyphen

Hyphen (v. t.) To connect with, or separate by, a hyphen, as two words or the parts of a word.

Hyphenated (a.) United by hyphens; hyphened; as, a hyphenated or hyphened word.

Hyphomycetes (n. pl.) One of the great division of fungi, containing those species which have naked spores borne on free or only fasciculate threads.

Hypidiomorphic (a.) Partly idiomorphic; -- said of rock a portion only of whose constituents have a distinct crystalline form.

Hypinosis (n.) A diminution in the normal amount of fibrin present in the blood.

Hypnagogic (a.) Leading to sleep; -- applied to the illusions of one who is half asleep.

Hypnobate (n.) A somnambulist.

Hypnocyst (n.) A cyst in which some unicellular organisms temporarily inclose themselves, from which they emerge unchanged, after a period of drought or deficiency of food. In some instances, a process of spore formation seems to occur within such cysts.

Hypnogenic (a.) Relating to the production of hypnotic sleep; as, the so-called hypnogenic pressure points, pressure upon which is said to cause an attack of hypnotic sleep.

Hypnologist (n.) One who is versed in hypnology.

Hypnology (n.) A treatise on sleep; the doctrine of sleep.

Hypnosis (n.) Supervention of sleep.

Hypnotic (a.) Having the quality of producing sleep; tending to produce sleep; soporific.

Hypnotic (a.) Of or pertaining to hypnotism; in a state of hypnotism; liable to hypnotism; as, a hypnotic condition.

Hypnotic (n.) Any agent that produces, or tends to produce, sleep; an opiate; a soporific; a narcotic.

Hypnotic (n.) A person who exhibits the phenomena of, or is subject to, hypnotism.

Hypnotism (n.) A form of sleep or somnambulism brought on by artificial means, in which there is an unusual suspension of some powers, and an unusual activity of others. It is induced by an action upon the nerves, through the medium of the senses, as in persons of very feeble organization, by gazing steadly at a very bright object held before the eyes, or by pressure upon certain points of the surface of the body.

Hypnotization (n.) The act or process of producing hypnotism.

Hypnotized (imp. & p. p.) of Hypnotize

Hypnotizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Hypnotize

Hypnotize (v. t.) To induce hypnotism in; to place in a state of hypnotism.

Hypnotizer (n.) One who hypnotizes.

Hypnum (n.) The largest genus of true mosses; feather moss.

Hypo- () A prefix signifying a less quantity, or a low state or degree, of that denoted by the word with which it is joined, or position under or beneath.

Hypo- () A prefix denoting that the element to the name of which it is prefixed enters with a low valence, or in a low state of oxidization, usually the lowest, into the compounds indicated; as, hyposulphurous acid.

Hypo (n.) Hypochondria.

Hypo (n.) Sodium hyposulphite, or thiosulphate, a solution of which is used as a bath to wash out the unchanged silver salts in a picture.

Hypoarian (a.) Of or pertaining to a hypoarion.

Hypoaria (pl. ) of Hypoarion

Hypoarion (n.) An oval lobe beneath each of the optic lobes in many fishes; one of the inferior lobes.

Hypoblast (n.) The inner or lower layer of the blastoderm; -- called also endoderm, entoderm, and sometimes hypoderm. See Illust. of Blastoderm, Delamination, and Ectoderm.

Hypoblastic (a.) Relating to, or connected with, the hypoblast; as, the hypoic sac.

Hypobole (n.) A figure in which several things are mentioned that seem to make against the argument, or in favor of the opposite side, each of them being refuted in order.

Hypobranchial (a.) Pertaining to the segment between the basibranchial and the ceratobranchial in a branchial arch.

Hypobranchial (n.) A hypobranchial bone or cartilage.

Hypocarp (n.) Alt. of Hypocarpium

Hypocarpium (n.) A fleshy enlargement of the receptacle, or for the stem, below the proper fruit, as in the cashew. See Illust. of Cashew.

Hypocarpogean (a.) Producing fruit below the ground.

Hypocaust (n.) A furnace, esp. one connected with a series of small chambers and flues of tiles or other masonry through which the heat of a fire was distributed to rooms above. This contrivance, first used in bath, was afterwards adopted in private houses.

Hypochlorite (n.) A salt of hypochlorous acid; as, a calcium hypochloride.

Hypochlorous (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, chlorine having a valence lower than in chlorous compounds.

Hypochondres (n. pl.) The hypochondriac regions. See Hypochondrium.

Hypochondria (n.) Hypochondriasis; melancholy; the blues.

Hypochondriac (a.) Of or pertaining to hypochondria, or the hypochondriac regions.

Hypochondriac (a.) Affected, characterized, or produced, by hypochondriasis.

Hypochondriac (n.) A person affected with hypochondriasis.

Hypochondriacal (a.) Same as Hypochondriac, 2.

Hypochondriacism (n.) Hypochondriasis.

Hypochondriasis (n.) A mental disorder in which melancholy and gloomy views torment the affected person, particularly concerning his own health.

Hypochondriasm (n.) Hypochondriasis.

Hypochondria (pl. ) of Hypochondrium

Hypochondriums (pl. ) of Hypochondrium

Hypochondrium (n.) Either of the hypochondriac regions.

Hypochondry (n.) Hypochondriasis.

Hypocist (n.) An astringent inspissated juice obtained from the fruit of a plant (Cytinus hypocistis), growing from the roots of the Cistus, a small European shrub.

Hypocleida (pl. ) of Hypocleidium

Hypocleidiums (pl. ) of Hypocleidium

Hypocleidium (n.) A median process on the furculum, or merrythought, of many birds, where it is connected with the sternum.

Hypocoristic (a.) Endearing; diminutive; as, the hypocoristic form of a name.

Hypocrateriform (a.) hypocraterimorphous; salver-shaped.

Hypocraterimorphous (a.) Salver-shaped; having a slender tube, expanding suddenly above into a bowl-shaped or spreading border, as in the blossom of the phlox and the lilac.

Hypocrisies (pl. ) of Hypocrisy

Hypocrisy (n.) The act or practice of a hypocrite; a feigning to be what one is not, or to feel what one does not feel; a dissimulation, or a concealment of one's real character, disposition, or motives; especially, the assuming of false appearance of virtue or religion; a simulation of goodness.

Hypocrite (n.) One who plays a part; especially, one who, for the purpose of winning approbation of favor, puts on a fair outside seeming; one who feigns to be other and better than he is; a false pretender to virtue or piety; one who simulates virtue or piety.

Hypocritely (adv.) Hypocritically.

Hypocritic (a.) See Hypocritical.

Hypocritical (a.) Of or pertaining to a hypocrite, or to hypocrisy; as, a hypocriticalperson; a hypocritical look; a hypocritical action.

Hypocrystalline (a.) Partly crystalline; -- said of rock which consists of crystals imbedded in a glassy ground mass.

Hypocycloid (n.) A curve traced by a point in the circumference of a circle which rolls on the concave side in the fixed circle. Cf. Epicycloid, and Trochoid.

-tyla (pl. ) of Hypodactylum

Hypodactylum (n.) The under side of the toes.

Hypoderm (n.) Same as Hypoblast.

Hypoderma (n.) A layer of tissue beneath the epidermis in plants, and performing the physiological function of strengthening the epidermal tissue. In phanerogamous plants it is developed as collenchyma.

Hypoderma (n.) An inner cellular layer which lies beneath the chitinous cuticle of arthropods, annelids, and some other invertebrates.

Hypodermatic (a.) Hypodermic.

Hypodermic (a.) Of or pertaining to the parts under the skin.

Hypodermis (n.) Same as Hypoblast.

Hypodermis (n.) Same as Hypoderma, 2.

Hypodicrotic (a.) Alt. of Hypodicrotous

Hypodicrotous (a.) Exhibiting retarded dicrotism; as, a hypodicrotic pulse curve.

Hypogaeic (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, the peanut, or earthnut (Arachis hypogaea).

Hypogastric (a.) Of or pertaining to the hypogastrium or the hypogastric region.

Hypogastrium (n.) The lower part of the abdomen.

Hypogean (a.) Hypogeous.

Hypogene (a.) Formed or crystallized at depths the earth's surface; -- said of granite, gneiss, and other rocks, whose crystallization is believed of have taken place beneath a great thickness of overlying rocks. Opposed to epigene.

Hypogeous (a.) Growing under ground; remaining under ground; ripening its fruit under ground.

Hypogea (pl. ) of Hypogeum

Hypogeum (n.) The subterraneous portion of a building, as in amphitheaters, for the service of the games; also, subterranean galleries, as the catacombs.

Hypoglossal (a.) Under the tongue; -- applied esp., in the higher vertebrates, to the twelfth or last pair of cranial nerves, which are distributed to the base of the tongue.

Hypoglossal (n.) One of the hypoglossal nerves.

Hypognatous (a.) Having the maxilla, or lower jaw, longer than the upper, as in the skimmer.

Hypogyn (n.) An hypogynous plant.

Hypogynous (a.) Inserted below the pistil or pistils; -- said of sepals, petals, and stamens; having the sepals, petals, and stamens inserted below the pistil; -- said of a flower or a plant.

Hypohyal (a.) Pertaining to one or more small elements in the hyoidean arch of fishes, between the caratohyal and urohyal.

Hypohyal (n.) One of the hypohyal bones or cartilages.

Hyponastic (a.) Exhibiting a downward convexity caused by unequal growth. Cf. Epinastic.

Hyponasty (n.) Downward convexity, or convexity of the inferior surface.

Hyponitrite (n.) A salt of hyponitrous acid.

Hyponitrous (a.) Containing or derived from nitrogen having a lower valence than in nitrous compounds.

Hypopharynx (n.) An appendage or fold on the lower side of the pharynx, in certain insects.

Hypophosphate (n.) A salt of hypophosphoric acid.

Hypophosphite (n.) A salt of hypophosphorous acid.

Hypophosphoric (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, or containing, phosphorus in a lower state of oxidation than in phosphoric compounds; as, hypophosphoric acid.

Hypophosphorous (a.) Pertaining to, or containing, phosphorus in a lower state of oxidation than in phosphoric compounds; as, hypophosphorous acid.

Hypophyllous (a.) Being or growing on the under side of a leaf, as the fruit dots of ferns.

Hypophysial (a.) Of or pertaining to the hypophysis; pituitary.

Hypophysis (n.) See Pituitary body, under Pituitary.

Hypophysis (n.) Cataract.

Hypoplastra (pl. ) of Hypoplastron

Hypoplastron (n.) The third lateral plate in the plastron of turtles; -- called also hyposternum.

Hypoptila (pl. ) of Hypoptilum

Hypoptilums (pl. ) of Hypoptilum

Hypoptilum (n.) An accessory plume arising from the posterior side of the stem of the contour feathers of many birds; -- called also aftershaft. See Illust. of Feather.

Hyporadii (pl. ) of Hyporadius

Hyporadius (n.) One of the barbs of the hypoptilum, or aftershaft of a feather. See Feather.

Hyporhachides (pl. ) of Hyporhachis

Hyporhachis (n.) The stem of an aftershaft or hypoptilum.

Hyposkeletal (a.) Beneath the endoskeleton; hypaxial; as, the hyposkeletal muscles; -- opposed to episkeletal.

Hypospadias (n.) A deformity of the penis, in which the urethra opens upon its under surface.

Hypostases (pl. ) of Hypostasis

Hypostasis (n.) That which forms the basis of anything; underlying principle; a concept or mental entity conceived or treated as an existing being or thing.

Hypostasis (n.) Substance; subsistence; essence; person; personality; -- used by the early theologians to denote any one of the three subdivisions of the Godhead, the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit.

Hypostasis (n.) Principle; an element; -- used by the alchemists in speaking of salt, sulphur, and mercury, which they considered as the three principles of all material bodies.

Hypostasis (n.) That which is deposited at the bottom of a fluid; sediment.

Hypostasize (v. t.) To make into a distinct substance; to conceive or treat as an existing being; to hypostatize.

Hypostatic (a.) Alt. of Hypostatical

Hypostatical (a.) Relating to hypostasis, or substance; hence, constitutive, or elementary.

Hypostatical (a.) Personal, or distinctly personal; relating to the divine hypostases, or substances.

Hypostatical (a.) Depending upon, or due to, deposition or setting; as, hypostatic cognestion, cognestion due to setting of blood by gravitation.

Hypostatically (adv.) In a hypostatic manner.

Hypostatize (v. t.) To make into, or regarded as, a separate and distinct substance.

Hypostatize (v. t.) To attribute actual or personal existence to.

Hyposterna (pl. ) of Hyposternum

Hyposternums (pl. ) of Hyposternum

Hyposternum (n.) See Hypoplastron.

Hypostome (n.) Alt. of Hypostoma

Hypostoma (n.) The lower lip of trilobites, crustaceans, etc.

Hypostrophe (n.) The act of a patient turning himself.

Hypostrophe (n.) A relapse, or return of a disease.

Hypostyle (a.) Resting upon columns; constructed by means of columns; -- especially applied to the great hall at Karnak.

Hyposulphate (n.) A salt of hyposulphuric acid.

Hyposulphite (n.) A salt of what was formerly called hyposulphurous acid; a thiosulphate.

Hyposulphite (n.) A salt of hyposulphurous acid proper.

Hyposulphuric (a.) Pertaining to, or containing, sulphur in a lower state of oxidation than in the sulphuric compounds; as, hyposulphuric acid.

Hyposulphurous (a.) Pertaining to, or containing, sulphur, all, or a part, in a low state of oxidation.

Hypotarsi (pl. ) of Hypotarsus

Hypotarsus (n.) A process on the posterior side of the tarsometatarsus of many birds; the calcaneal process.

Hypotenuse (n.) Alt. of Hypothenuse

Hypothenuse (n.) The side of a right-angled triangle that is opposite to the right angle.

Hypothec (n.) A landlord's right, independently of stipulation, over the stocking (cattle, implements, etc.), and crops of his tenant, as security for payment of rent.

Hypotheca (n.) An obligation by which property of a debtor was made over to his creditor in security of his debt.

Hypothecated (imp. & p. p.) of Hypothecate

Hypothecating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Hypothecate

Hypothecate (v. t.) To subject, as property, to liability for a debt or engagement without delivery of possession or transfer of title; to pledge without delivery of possession; to mortgage, as ships, or other personal property; to make a contract by bottomry. See Hypothecation, Bottomry.

Hypothecation (n.) The act or contract by which property is hypothecated; a right which a creditor has in or to the property of his debtor, in virtue of which he may cause it to be sold and the price appropriated in payment of his debt. This is a right in the thing, or jus in re.

Hypothecation (n.) A contract whereby, in consideration of money advanced for the necessities of the ship, the vessel, freight, or cargo is made liable for its repayment, provided the ship arrives in safety. It is usually effected by a bottomry bond. See Bottomry.

Hypothecator (n.) One who hypothecates or pledges anything as security for the repayment of money borrowed.

Hypothenal (a.) Alt. of Hypothenar

Hypothenar (a.) Of or pertaining to the prominent part of the palm of the hand above the base of the little finger, or a corresponding part in the forefoot of an animal; as, the hypothenar eminence.

Hypothenar (n.) The hypothenar eminence.

Hypothenusal (a.) Of or pertaining to hypothenuse.

Hypothenuse (n.) Same as Hypotenuse.

Hypotheses (pl. ) of Hypothesis

Hypothesis (n.) A supposition; a proposition or principle which is supposed or taken for granted, in order to draw a conclusion or inference for proof of the point in question; something not proved, but assumed for the purpose of argument, or to account for a fact or an occurrence; as, the hypothesis that head winds detain an overdue steamer.

Hypothesis (n.) A tentative theory or supposition provisionally adopted to explain certain facts, and to guide in the investigation of others; hence, frequently called a working hypothesis.

Hypothetic (a.) Alt. of Hypothetical

Hypothetical (a.) Characterized by, or of the nature of, an hypothesis; conditional; assumed without proof, for the purpose of reasoning and deducing proof, or of accounting for some fact or phenomenon.

Hypothetist (n.) One who proposes or supports an hypothesis.

Hypotrachelium (n.) Same as Gorgerin.

Hypotricha (n. pl.) A division of ciliated Infusoria in which the cilia cover only the under side of the body.

Hypotrochoid (n.) A curve, traced by a point in the radius, or radius produced, of a circle which rolls upon the concave side of a fixed circle. See Hypocycloid, Epicycloid, and Trochoid.

Hypotyposis (n.) A vivid, picturesque description of scenes or events.

Hypoxanthin (n.) A crystalline, nitrogenous substance, closely related to xanthin and uric acid, widely distributed through the animal body, but especially in muscle tissue; -- called also sarcin, sarkin.

Hypozoic (a.) Anterior in age to the lowest rocks which contain organic remains.

Hyppish (a.) Affected with hypochondria; hypped.

Hyppogriff (n.) See Hyppogriff.

Hypsiloid (a.) Resembling the Greek letter / in form; hyoid.

Hypsometer (n.) An instrument for measuring heights by observation of barometric pressure; esp., one for determining heights by ascertaining the boiling point of water. It consists of a vessel for water, with a lamp for heating it, and an inclosed thermometer for showing the temperature of ebullition.

Hypsometric (a.) Alt. of Hypsometrical

Hypsometrical (a.) Of or pertaining to hypsometry.

Hypsometry (n.) That branch of the science of geodesy which has to do with the measurement of heights, either absolutely with reference to the sea level, or relatively.

Hypural (a.) Under the tail; -- applied to the bones which support the caudal fin rays in most fishes.

Hyracoid (a.) Of or pertaining to the Hyracoidea.

Hyracoid (n.) One of the Hyracoidea.

Hyracoidea (n. pl.) An order of small hoofed mammals, comprising the single living genus Hyrax.

Hyrax (n.) Any animal of the genus Hyrax, of which about four species are known. They constitute the order Hyracoidea. The best known species are the daman (H. Syriacus) of Palestine, and the klipdas (H. capensis) of South Africa. Other species are H. arboreus and H. Sylvestris, the former from Southern, and the latter from Western, Africa. See Daman.

Hyrcanian (a.) Alt. of Hyrcan

Hyrcan (a.) Of or pertaining to Hyrcania, an ancient country or province of Asia, southeast of the Caspian (which was also called the Hyrcanian) Sea.

Hyrse (n.) Millet.

Hyrst (n.) A wood. See Hurst.

Hyson (n.) A fragrant kind of green tea.

Hyssop (n.) A plant (Hyssopus officinalis). The leaves have an aromatic smell, and a warm, pungent taste.

Hysteranthous (a.) Having the leaves expand after the flowers have opened.

Hysteresis (n.) A lagging or retardation of the effect, when the forces acting upon a body are changed, as if from velocity or internal friction; a temporary resistance to change from a condition previously induced, observed in magnetism, thermoelectricity, etc., on reversal of polarity.

Hysteria (n.) A nervous affection, occurring almost exclusively in women, in which the emotional and reflex excitability is exaggerated, and the will power correspondingly diminished, so that the patient loses control over the emotions, becomes the victim of imaginary sensations, and often falls into paroxism or fits.

Hysteric (a.) Alt. of Hysterical

Hysterical (a.) Of or pertaining to hysteria; affected, or troubled, with hysterics; convulsive, fitful.

Hysterics (n. pl.) Hysteria.

Hysteroepilepsy (n.) A disease resembling hysteria in its nature, and characterized by the occurrence of epileptiform convulsions, which can often be controlled or excited by pressure on the ovaries, and upon other definite points in the body.

Hysterogenic (a.) Producing hysteria; as, the hysterogenicpressure points on the surface of the body, pressure upon which is said both to produce and arrest an attack of hysteria.

Hysterology (n.) A figure by which the ordinary course of thought is inverted in expression, and the last put first; -- called also hysteron proteron.

Hysteron proteron () A figure in which the natural order of sense is reversed; hysterology; as, valet atque vivit, "he is well and lives."

Hysteron proteron () An inversion of logical order, in which the conclusion is put before the premises, or the thing proved before the evidence.

Hysterophyte (n.) A plant, like the fungus, which lives on dead or living organic matter.

Hysterotomy (n.) The Caesarean section. See under Caesarean.

Hystricine (a.) Like or pertaining to the porcupines.

Hystricomorphous (a.) Like, or allied to, the porcupines; -- said of a group (Hystricomorpha) of rodents.

Hystrix (n.) A genus of rodents, including the porcupine.

Hythe (n.) A small haven. See Hithe.

Ky (n. pl.) Kine.

Kyaboca wood () Amboyna wood.

Kyaboca wood () Sandalwood (Santalum album).

Kyannite (n.) See Cyanite.

Kyanized (imp. & p. p.) of Kyanize

Kyanizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Kyanize

Kyanize (v. t.) To render (wood) proof against decay by saturating with a solution of corrosive sublimate in open tanks, or under pressure.

Kyanol (n.) Aniline.

Kyanol (n.) A base obtained from coal tar.

Kyanophyll (n.) Same as Cyanophyll.

Kyar (n.) Cocoanut fiber, or the cordage made from it. See Coir.

Kyaw (n.) A daw.

Kyd () p. p. of Kythe.

Kydde () imp. of Kythe, to show.

Kyke (v. i.) To look steadfastly; to gaze.

Kyley (n.) A variety of the boomerang.

Kyloes (n. pl.) The cattle of the Hebrides, or of the Highlands.

Kymnel (n.) See Kimnel.

Kymograph (n.) An instrument for measuring, and recording graphically, the pressure of the blood in any of the blood vessels of a living animal; -- called also kymographion.

Kymographic (a.) Of or pertaining to a kymograph; as, a kymographic tracing.

Kymric (a & n.) See Cymric, a. & n.

Kymry (n.) See Cymry.

Kynrede (n.) Kindred.

Kynurenic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid obtained from the urine of dogs. By decomposition the acid yields a nitrogenous base (called kynurin) and carbonic acid.

Kyrie (n.) See Kyrie eleison.

Kyrie eleison () Greek words, meaning "Lord, have mercy upon us," used in the Mass, the breviary offices, the litany of the saints, etc.

Kyrie eleison () The name given to the response to the Commandments, in the service of the Church of England and of the Protestant Episcopal Church.

Kyrielle (n.) A litany beginning with the words.

Kyriolexy (n.) Alt. of Kyriology

Kyriology (n.) The use of literal or simple expressions, as distinguished from the use of figurative or obscure ones.

Kyriological (a.) Serving to denote objects by conventional signs or alphabetical characters; as, the original Greek alphabet of sixteen letters was called kyriologic, because it represented the pure elementary sounds. See Curiologic.

Kydde (imp.) of Kithe

Kidde () of Kithe

Kythed (p. p.) of Kithe

Kything (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Kithe

Kythe (v. t.) Alt. of Kithe

Kithe (v. t.) To make known; to manifest; to show; to declare.

Kythe (v. t.) To come into view; to appear.

Kytomiton (n.) See Karyomiton.

Kytoplasma (n.) See Karyoplasma.

-ly (a.) A suffix forming adjectives and adverbs, and denoting likeness or resemblance.

Lyam (n.) A leash.

Lycanthrope (n.) A human being fabled to have been changed into a wolf; a werewolf.

Lycanthrope (n.) One affected with lycanthropy.

Lycanthropia (n.) See Lycanthropy, 2.

Lycanthropic (a.) Pertaining to lycanthropy.

Lycanthropist (n.) One affected by the disease lycanthropy.

Lycanthropous (a.) Lycanthropic.

Lycanthropy (n.) The supposed act of turning one's self or another person into a wolf.

Lycanthropy (n.) A kind of erratic melancholy, in which the patient imagines himself a wolf, and imitates the actions of that animal.

Lyceums (pl. ) of Lyceum

Lycea (pl. ) of Lyceum

Lyceum (n.) A place of exercise with covered walks, in the suburbs of Athens, where Aristotle taught philosophy.

Lyceum (n.) A house or apartment appropriated to instruction by lectures or disquisitions.

Lyceum (n.) A higher school, in Europe, which prepares youths for the university.

Lyceum (n.) An association for debate and literary improvement.

Lyche (a.) Like.

Lychee (n.) See Litchi.

Lych gate () See under Lich.

Lychnis (n.) A genus of Old World plants belonging to the Pink family (Caryophyllaceae). Most of the species have brilliantly colored flowers and cottony leaves, which may have anciently answered as wicks for lamps. The botanical name is in common use for the garden species. The corn cockle (Lychnis Githago) is a common weed in wheat fields.

Lychnobite (n.) One who labors at night and sleeps in the day.

Lychnoscope (n.) Same as Low side window, under Low, a.

Lycine (n.) A weak base identical with betaine; -- so called because found in the boxthorn (Lycium barbarum). See Betaine.

Lycoperdon (n.) A genus of fungi, remarkable for the great quantity of spores, forming a fine dust, which is thrown out like smoke when the plant is compressed or burst; puffball.

Lycopod (n.) A plant of the genus Lycopodium.

Lycopode (n.) Same as Lycopodium powder. See under Lycopodium.

Lycopodiaceous (a.) Belonging, or relating, to the Lycopodiaceae, an order of cryptogamous plants (called also club mosses) with branching stems, and small, crowded, one-nerved, and usually pointed leaves.

Lycopodite (n.) An old name for a fossil club moss.

Lycopodium (n.) A genus of mosslike plants, the type of the order Lycopodiaceae; club moss.

Lycotropous (a.) Campylotropous.

Lyden (n.) See Leden.

Lydian (a.) Of or pertaining to Lydia, a country of Asia Minor, or to its inhabitants; hence, soft; effeminate; -- said especially of one of the ancient Greek modes or keys, the music in which was of a soft, pathetic, or voluptuous character.

Lydine (n.) A violet dye derived from aniline.

Lye (n.) A strong caustic alkaline solution of potassium salts, obtained by leaching wood ashes. It is much used in making soap, etc.

Lye (n.) A short side line, connected with the main line; a turn-out; a siding.

Lye (n.) A falsehood.

Lyencephala (n. pl.) A group of Mammalia, including the marsupials and monotremes; -- so called because the corpus callosum is rudimentary.

Lyencephalous (a.) Pertaining to, or characteristic of, the Lyencephala.

Lyerman (n.) The cicada.

Lygodium (n.) A genus of ferns with twining or climbing fronds, bearing stalked and variously-lobed divisions in pairs.

Lying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Lie, to tell a falsehood.

Lying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Lie, to be supported horizontally.

Lying-in (n.) The state attending, and consequent to, childbirth; confinement.

Lying-in (n.) The act of bearing a child.

Lyingly (adv.) In a lying manner; falsely.

Lyken (v. t.) To please; -- chiefly used impersonally.

Lym (n.) Alt. of Lymhound

Lymhound (n.) A dog held in a leam; a bloodhound; a limehound.

Lymail (n.) See Limaille.

Lyme grass () A coarse perennial grass of several species of Elymus, esp. E. Canadensis, and the European E. arenarius.

Lymph (n.) A spring of water; hence, water, or a pure, transparent liquid like water.

Lymph (n.) An alkaline colorless fluid, contained in the lymphatic vessels, coagulable like blood, but free from red blood corpuscles. It is absorbed from the various tissues and organs of the body, and is finally discharged by the thoracic and right lymphatic ducts into the great veins near the heart.

Lymph (n.) A fibrinous material exuded from the blood vessels in inflammation. In the process of healing it is either absorbed, or is converted into connective tissue binding the inflamed surfaces together.

Lymphadenitis (n.) Inflammation of the lymphatic glands; -- called also lymphitis.

Lymphadenoma (n.) See Lymphoma.

Lymphangeitis (n.) Inflammation of the lymphatic vessels.

Lymphangial (a.) Of or pertaining to the lymphatics, or lymphoid tissue; lymphatic.

Lymphate (a.) Alt. of Lymphated

Lymphated (a.) Frightened into madness; raving.

Lymphatic (a.) pertaining to, containing, or conveying lymph.

Lymphatic (a.) Madly enthusiastic; frantic.

Lymphatic (n.) One of the lymphatic or absorbent vessels, which carry lymph and discharge it into the veins; lymph duct; lymphatic duct.

Lymphatic (n.) A mad enthusiast; a lunatic.

Lymphitis (n.) See Lymphadenitis.

Lymphogenic (a.) Connected with, or formed in, the lymphatic glands.

Lymphography (n.) A description of the lymphatic vessels, their origin and uses.

Lymphoid (a.) Resembling lymph; also, resembling a lymphatic gland; adenoid; as, lymphoid tissue.

Lymphoma (n.) A tumor having a structure resembling that of a lymphatic gland; -- called also lymphadenoma.

Lymphy (a.) Containing, or like, lymph.

Lyn (n.) A waterfall. See Lin.

Lyncean (a.) Of or pertaining to the lynx.

Lynched (imp. & p. p.) of Lynch

Lynching (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Lynch

Lynch (v. t.) To inflict punishment upon, especially death, without the forms of law, as when a mob captures and hangs a suspected person. See Lynch law.

Lyncher (n.) One who assists in lynching.

Lynch law () The act or practice by private persons of inflicting punishment for crimes or offenses, without due process of law.

Lynde (n.) Alt. of Lynden

Lynden (n.) See Linden.

Lyne (n.) Linen.

Lynx (n.) Any one of several species of feline animals of the genus Felis, and subgenus Lynx. They have a short tail, and usually a pencil of hair on the tip of the ears.

Lynx (n.) One of the northern constellations.

Lynx-eyed (a.) Having acute sight.

Lyonnaise (a.) Applied to boiled potatoes cut into small pieces and heated in oil or butter. They are usually flavored with onion and parsley.

Lyopomata (n. pl.) An order of brachiopods, in which the valves of shell are not articulated by a hinge. It includes the Lingula, Discina, and allied forms.

Lyra (n.) A northern constellation, the Harp, containing a white star of the first magnitude, called Alpha Lyrae, or Vega.

Lyra (n.) The middle portion of the ventral surface of the fornix of the brain; -- so called from the arrangement of the lines with which it is marked in the human brain.

Lyraid (n.) Same as Lyrid.

Lyrate (a.) Alt. of Lyrated

Lyrated (a.) Lyre-shaped, or spatulate and oblong, with small lobes toward the base; as, a lyrate leaf.

Lyrated (a.) Shaped like a lyre, as the tail of the blackcock, or that of the lyre bird.

Lyre (n.) A stringed instrument of music; a kind of harp much used by the ancients, as an accompaniment to poetry.

Lyre (n.) One of the constellations; Lyra. See Lyra.

Lyre bird () Any one of two or three species of Australian birds of the genus Menura. The male is remarkable for having the sixteen tail feathers very long and, when spread, arranged in the form of a lyre. The common lyre bird (Menura superba), inhabiting New South Wales, is about the size of a grouse. Its general color is brown, with rufous color on the throat, wings, tail coverts and tail. Called also lyre pheasant and lyre-tail.

Lyric (a.) Alt. of Lyrical

Lyrical (a.) Of or pertaining to a lyre or harp.

Lyrical (a.) Fitted to be sung to the lyre; hence, also, appropriate for song; -- said especially of poetry which expresses the individual emotions of the poet.

Lyric (n.) A lyric poem; a lyrical composition.

Lyric (n.) A composer of lyric poems.

Lyric (n.) A verse of the kind usually employed in lyric poetry; -- used chiefly in the plural.

Lyric (n.) The words of a song.

Lyrically (adv.) In a lyrical manner.

Lyricism (n.) A lyric composition.

Lyrid (n.) One of the group of shooting stars which come into the air in certain years on or about the 19th of April; -- so called because the apparent path among the stars the stars if produced back wards crosses the constellation Lyra.

Lyrie (n.) A European fish (Peristethus cataphractum), having the body covered with bony plates, and having three spines projecting in front of the nose; -- called also noble, pluck, pogge, sea poacher, and armed bullhead.

Lyriferous (a.) Having a lyre-shaped shoulder girdle, as certain fishes.

Lyrism (n.) The act of playing on a lyre or harp.

Lyrist (n.) A musician who plays on the harp or lyre; a composer of lyrical poetry.

Lysimeter (n.) An instrument for measuring the water that percolates through a certain depth of soil.

Lysis (n.) The resolution or favorable termination of a disease, coming on gradually and not marked by abrupt change.

Lyssa (n.) Hydrophobia.

Lyterian (a.) Terminating a disease; indicating the end of a disease.

Lythe (n.) The European pollack; -- called also laith, and leet.

Lythe (a.) Soft; flexible.

Lythonthriptic (a.) Alt. of Lythontriptic

Lythontriptic (a.) See Lithontriptic.

Lyttae (pl. ) of Lytta

Lytta (n.) A fibrous and muscular band lying within the longitudinal axis of the tongue in many mammals, as the dog.

My (a.) Of or belonging to me; -- used always attributively; as, my body; my book; -- mine is used in the predicate; as, the book is mine. See Mine.

Mya (n.) A genus of bivalve mollusks, including the common long, or soft-shelled, clam.

Myalgia (n.) Pain in the muscles; muscular rheumatism or neuralgia.

Myall wood () A durable, fragrant, and dark-colored Australian wood, used by the natives for spears. It is obtained from the small tree Acacia homolophylla.

Myaria (n. pl.) A division of bivalve mollusks of which the common clam (Mya) is the type.

Mycelium (n.) The white threads or filamentous growth from which a mushroom or fungus is developed; the so-called mushroom spawn.

Myceloid (a.) Resembling mycelium.

Mycetes (n.) A genus of South American monkeys, including the howlers. See Howler, 2, and Illust.

Mycetoid () Resembling a fungus.

Mycoderma (n.) One of the forms in which bacteria group themselves; a more or less thick layer of motionless but living bacteria, formed by the bacteria uniting on the surface of the fluid in which they are developed. This production differs from the zooloea stage of bacteria by not having the intermediary mucous substance.

Mycoderma (n.) A genus of microorganisms of which the acetic ferment (Mycoderma aceti), which converts alcoholic fluids into vinegar, is a representative. Cf. Mother.

Mycologic (a.) Alt. of Mycological

Mycological (a.) Of or relating to mycology, or the fungi.

Mycologist (n.) One who is versed in, or who studies, mycology.

Mycology (n.) That branch of botanical science which relates to the musgrooms and other fungi.

Mycomelic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, a complex nitrogenous acid of the alloxan group, obtained as a honey-yellow powder. Its solutions have a gelatinous consistency.

Mycoprotein (n.) The protoplasmic matter of which bacteria are composed.

Mycose (n.) A variety of sugar, isomeric with sucrose and obtained from certain lichens and fungi. Called also trehalose.

Mycothrix (n.) The chain of micrococci formed by the division of the micrococci in multiplication.

Mydaleine (n.) A toxic alkaloid (ptomaine) obtained from putrid flesh and from herring brines. As a poison it is said to execute profuse diarrhoea, vomiting, and intestinal inflammation.

Mydatoxin (n.) A poisonous amido acid, C6H13NO2, separated by Brieger from decaying horseflesh. In physiological action, it is similar to curare.

Mydaus (n.) The teledu.

Mydriasis (n.) A long-continued or excessive dilatation of the pupil of the eye.

Mydriatic (a.) Causing dilatation of the pupil.

Mydriatic (n.) A mydriatic medicine or agent, as belladonna.

Myelencephala (n. pl.) Same as Vertebrata.

Myelencephalic (a.) Of or pertaining to the myelencephalon; cerebro-spinal.

Myelencephalon (n.) The brain and spinal cord; the cerebro-spinal axis; the neuron. Sometimes abbreviated to myelencephal.

Myelencephalon (n.) The metencephalon.

Myelencephalous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Myelencephala.

Myelin (n.) A soft white substance constituting the medullary sheats of nerve fibers, and composed mainly of cholesterin, lecithin, cerebrin, albumin, and some fat.

Myelin (n.) One of a group of phosphorized principles occurring in nerve tissue, both in the brain and nerve fibers.

Myelitis (n.) Inflammation of the spinal marrow or its membranes.

Myelocoele (n.) The central canal of the spinal cord.

Myelogenic (a.) Derived from, or pertaining to, the bone marrow.

Myeloid (a.) Resembling marrow in appearance or consistency; as, a myeloid tumor.

Myeloidin (n.) A substance, present in the protoplasm of the retinal epithelium cells, and resembling, if not identical with, the substance (myelin) forming the medullary sheaths of nerve fibers.

Myelon (n.) The spinal cord. (Sometimes abbrev. to myel.)

Myelonal (a.) Of or pertaining to the myelon; as, the myelonal, or spinal, nerves.

Myeloneura (n. pl.) The Vertebrata.

Myeloplaxes (pl. ) of Myeloplax

Myeloplaces (pl. ) of Myeloplax

Myeloplax (n.) One of the huge multinucleated cells found in the marrow of bone and occasionally in other parts; a giant cell. See Osteoclast.

Mygale (n.) A genus of very large hairy spiders having four lungs and only four spinnerets. They do not spin webs, but usually construct tubes in the earth, which are often furnished with a trapdoor. The South American bird spider (Mygale avicularia), and the crab spider, or matoutou (M. cancerides) are among the largest species. Some of the species are erroneously called tarantulas, as the Texas tarantula (M. Hentzii).

Mylodon (n.) An extinct genus of large slothlike American edentates, allied to Megatherium.

Mylohyoid (a.) Pertaining to, or in the region of, the lower jaw and the hyoid apparatus; as, the mylohyoid nerve.

Myna (n.) Any one of numerous species of Asiatic starlings of the genera Acridotheres, Sturnopastor, Sturnia, Gracula, and allied genera. In habits they resemble the European starlings, and like them are often caged and taught to talk. See Hill myna, under Hill, and Mino bird.

Mynchen (n.) A nun.

Mynchery (n.) A nunnery; -- a term still applied to the ruins of certain nunneries in England.

Mynheer (n.) The Dutch equivalent of Mr. or Sir; hence, a Dutchman.

Myo- () A combining form of Gr. /, /, a muscle; as, myograph, myochrome.

Myocarditis (n.) Inflammation of the myocardium.

Myocardium (n.) The main substance of the muscular wall of the heart inclosed between the epicardium and endocardium.

Myochrome (n.) A colored albuminous substance in the serum from red-colored muscles. It is identical with hemoglobin.

Myocommata (pl. ) of Myocomma

Myocommas (pl. ) of Myocomma

Myocomma (n.) A myotome.

Myodynamics (n.) The department of physiology which deals with the principles of muscular contraction; the exercise of muscular force or contraction.

Myodynamiometer (n.) A myodynamometer.

Myodynamometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the muscular strength of man or of other animals; a dynamometer.

Myoepithelial (a.) Derived from epithelial cells and destined to become a part of the muscular system; -- applied to structural elements in certain embryonic forms.

Myoepithelial (a.) Having the characteristics of both muscle and epithelium; as, the myoepithelial cells of the hydra.

Myogalid (n.) One of the Myogalodae, a family of Insectivora, including the desman, and allied species.

Myogram (n.) See Muscle curve, under Muscle.

Myograph (n.) An instrument for determining and recording the different phases, as the intensity, velocity, etc., of a muscular contraction.

Myographic (a.) Alt. of Myographical

Myographical (a.) Of or pertaining to myography.

Myography (n.) The description of muscles, including the study of muscular contraction by the aid of registering apparatus, as by some form of myograph; myology.

Myohaematin (n.) A red-colored respiratory pigment found associated with hemoglobin in the muscle tissue of a large number of animals, both vertebrate and invertebrate.

Myoid (a.) Composed of, or resembling, muscular fiber.

Myolemma (n.) Sarcolemma.

Myolin (n.) The essential material of muscle fibers.

Myologic (a.) Alt. of Myological

Myological (a.) Of or pertaining to myology.

Myologist (n.) One skilled in myology.

Myology (n.) That part of anatomy which treats of muscles.

Myoma (n.) A tumor consisting of muscular tissue.

Myomancy (n.) Divination by the movements of mice.

Myomorph (n.) One of the Myomorpha.

Myomorpha (n. pl.) An extensive group of rodents which includes the rats, mice, jerboas, and many allied forms.

Myopathia (n.) Any affection of the muscles or muscular system.

Myopathic (a.) Of or pertaining to myopathia.

Myopathy (n.) Same as Myopathia.

Myope (n.) A person having myopy; a myops.

Myophan (n.) A contractile striated layer found in the bodies and stems of certain Infusoria.

Myopia (n.) Nearsightedness; shortsightedness; a condition of the eye in which the rays from distant object are brought to a focus before they reach the retina, and hence form an indistinct image; while the rays from very near objects are normally converged so as to produce a distinct image. It is corrected by the use of a concave lens.

Myopic (a.) Pertaining to, or affected with, or characterized by, myopia; nearsighted.

Myips (n.) See Myope.

Myopsis (n.) The appearance of muscae volitantes. See Muscae volitantes, under Musca.

Myopy (n.) Myopia.

Myosin (n.) An albuminous body present in dead muscle, being formed in the process of coagulation which takes place in rigor mortis; the clot formed in the coagulation of muscle plasma. See Muscle plasma, under Plasma.

Myosis (n.) Long-continued contraction of the pupil of the eye.

Myositic (a.) Myotic.

Myositis (n.) Inflammation of the muscles.

Myosotis (n.) A genus of plants. See Mouse-ear.

Myotic (a.) Producing myosis, or contraction of the pupil of the eye, as opium, calabar bean, etc.

Myotic (n.) A myotic agent.

Myotome (n.) A muscular segment; one of the zones into which the muscles of the trunk, especially in fishes, are divided; a myocomma.

Myotome (n.) One of the embryonic muscular segments arising from the protovertebrae; also, one of the protovertebrae themselves.

Myotome (n.) The muscular system of one metamere of an articulate.

Myotomic (a.) Of or pertaining to a myotome or myotomes.

Myotomy (n.) The dissection, or that part of anatomy which treats of the dissection, of muscles.

Myrcia (n.) A large genus of tropical American trees and shrubs, nearly related to the true myrtles (Myrtus), from which they differ in having very few seeds in each berry.

Myria- () A prefix, esp. in the metric system, indicating ten thousand, ten thousand times; as, myriameter.

Myriacanthous (a.) Having numerous spines, as certain fishes.

Myriad (n.) The number of ten thousand; ten thousand persons or things.

Myriad (n.) An immense number; a very great many; an indefinitely large number.

Myriad (a.) Consisting of a very great, but indefinite, number; as, myriad stars.

Myriagram (n.) Alt. of Myriagramme

Myriagramme (n.) A metric weight, consisting of ten thousand grams or ten kilograms. It is equal to 22.046 lbs. avoirdupois.

Myrialiter (n.) Alt. of Myrialitre

Myrialitre (n.) A metric measure of capacity, containing ten thousand liters. It is equal to 2641.7 wine gallons.

Myriameter (n.) Alt. of Myriametre

Myriametre (n.) A metric measure of length, containing ten thousand meters. It is equal to 6.2137 miles.

Myriapod (n.) One of the Myriapoda.

Myriapoda (n. pl.) A class, or subclass, of arthropods, related to the hexapod insects, from which they differ in having the body made up of numerous similar segments, nearly all of which bear true jointed legs. They have one pair of antennae, three pairs of mouth organs, and numerous trachaae, similar to those of true insects. The larvae, when first hatched, often have but three pairs of legs. See Centiped, Galleyworm, Milliped.

Myriarch (n.) A captain or commander of ten thousand men.

Myriare (n.) A measure of surface in the metric system containing ten thousand ares, or one million square meters. It is equal to about 247.1 acres.

Myrica (n.) A widely dispersed genus of shrubs and trees, usually with aromatic foliage. It includes the bayberry or wax myrtle, the sweet gale, and the North American sweet fern, so called.

Myricin (n.) A silky, crystalline, waxy substance, forming the less soluble part of beeswax, and regarded as a palmitate of a higher alcohol of the paraffin series; -- called also myricyl alcohol.

Myricyl (n.) A hypothetical radical regarded as the essential residue of myricin; -- called also melissyl.

Myriological (a.) Of or relating to a myriologue.

Myriologist (n.) One who composes or sings a myriologue.

Myriologue (n.) An extemporaneous funeral song, composed and sung by a woman on the death of a friend.

Myriophyllous (a.) Having an indefinitely great or countless number of leaves.

Myriopoda (n. pl.) See Myriapoda.

Myriorama (n.) A picture made up of several smaller pictures, drawn upon separate pieces in such a manner as to admit of combination in many different ways, thus producing a great variety of scenes or landscapes.

Myrioscope (n.) A form of kaleidoscope.

Myristate (n.) A salt of myristic acid.

Myristic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, the nutmeg (Myristica). Specifically, designating an acid found in nutmeg oil and otoba fat, and extracted as a white crystalline waxy substance.

Myristin (n.) The myristate of glycerin, -- found as a vegetable fat in nutmeg butter, etc.

Myristone (n.) The ketone of myristic acid, obtained as a white crystalline substance.

Myrmicine (a.) Of or pertaining to Myrmica, a genus of ants including the small house ant (M. molesta), and many others.

Myrmidon (n.) One of a fierce tribe or troop who accompained Achilles, their king, to the Trojan war.

Myrmidon (n.) A soldier or a subordinate civil officer who executes cruel orders of a superior without protest or pity; -- sometimes applied to bailiffs, constables, etc.

Myrmidonian (a.) Consisting of, or like, myrmidons.

Myrmotherine (a.) Feeding upon ants; -- said of certain birds.

Myrobalan (n.) Alt. of Myrobolan

Myrobolan (n.) A dried astringent fruit much resembling a prune. It contains tannin, and was formerly used in medicine, but is now chiefly used in tanning and dyeing. Myrobolans are produced by various species of Terminalia of the East Indies, and of Spondias of South America.

Myronic (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained from, mustard; -- used specifically to designate a glucoside called myronic acid, found in mustard seed.

Myropolist (n.) One who sells unguents or perfumery.

Myrosin (n.) A ferment, resembling diastase, found in mustard seeds.

Myroxylon (n.) A genus of leguminous trees of tropical America, the different species of which yield balsamic products, among which are balsam of Peru, and balsam of Tolu. The species were formerly referred to Myrospermum.

Myrrh (n.) A gum resin, usually of a yellowish brown or amber color, of an aromatic odor, and a bitter, slightly pungent taste. It is valued for its odor and for its medicinal properties. It exudes from the bark of a shrub of Abyssinia and Arabia, the Balsamodendron Myrrha. The myrrh of the Bible is supposed to have been partly the gum above named, and partly the exudation of species of Cistus, or rockrose.

Myrrhic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or obtained from, myrrh.

Myrrhine (a.) Murrhine.

Myrtaceous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, a large and important natural order of trees and shrubs (Myrtaceae), of which the myrtle is the type. It includes the genera Eucalyptus, Pimenta, Lechythis, and about seventy more.

Myrtiform (a.) Resembling myrtle or myrtle berries; having the form of a myrtle leaf.

Myrtle (n.) A species of the genus Myrtus, especially Myrtus communis. The common myrtle has a shrubby, upright stem, eight or ten feet high. Its branches form a close, full head, thickly covered with ovate or lanceolate evergreen leaves. It has solitary axillary white or rosy flowers, followed by black several-seeded berries. The ancients considered it sacred to Venus. The flowers, leaves, and berries are used variously in perfumery and as a condiment, and the beautifully mottled wood is used in turning.

Ourselves (pl. ) of Myself

Myself (pron.) I or me in person; -- used for emphasis, my own self or person; as I myself will do it; I have done it myself; -- used also instead of me, as the object of the first person of a reflexive verb, without emphasis; as, I will defend myself.

Myselven (pron.) Myself.

Mysis (n.) A genus of small schizopod shrimps found both in fresh and salt water; the opossum shrimps. One species inhabits the Great Lakes of North America, and is largely eaten by the whitefish. The marine species form part of the food of right whales.

Mystacal (a.) Of or pertaining to the upper lip, or mustache.

Mystagogic (a.) Alt. of Mystagogical

Mystagogical (a.) Of or pertaining to interpretation of mysteries or to mystagogue; of the nature of mystagogy.

Mystagogue (n.) interprets mysteries, especially of a religious kind.

Mystagogue (n.) One who keeps and shows church relics.

Mystagogy (n.) The doctrines, principles, or practice of a mystagogue; interpretation of mysteries.

Mysterial (a.) Mysterious.

Mysteriarch (n.) One presiding over mysteries.

Mysterious (a.) Of or pertaining to mystery; containing a mystery; difficult or impossible to understand; obscure not revealed or explained; enigmatical; incomprehensible.

Mysteriously (adv.) In a mysterious manner.

Mysteriousness (n.) The state or quality of being mysterious.

Mysteriousness (n.) Something mysterious; a mystery.

Mysterized (imp. & p. p.) of Mysterize

Mysterizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Mysterize

Mysterize (v. t.) To make mysterious; to make a mystery of.

Mysteries (pl. ) of Mystery

Mystery (a.) A profound secret; something wholly unknown, or something kept cautiously concealed, and therefore exciting curiosity or wonder; something which has not been or can not be explained; hence, specifically, that which is beyond human comprehension.

Mystery (a.) A kind of secret religious celebration, to which none were admitted except those who had been initiated by certain preparatory ceremonies; -- usually plural; as, the Eleusinian mysteries.

Mystery (a.) The consecrated elements in the eucharist.

Mystery (a.) Anything artfully made difficult; an enigma.

Mysteries (pl. ) of Mystery

Mystery (n.) A trade; a handicraft; hence, any business with which one is usually occupied.

Mystery (n.) A dramatic representation of a Scriptural subject, often some event in the life of Christ; a dramatic composition of this character; as, the Chester Mysteries, consisting of dramas acted by various craft associations in that city in the early part of the 14th century.

Mystic (a.) Alt. of Mystical

Mystical (a.) Remote from or beyond human comprehension; baffling human understanding; unknowable; obscure; mysterious.

Mystical (a.) Importing or implying mysticism; involving some secret meaning; allegorical; emblematical; as, a mystic dance; mystic Babylon.

Mystic (n.) One given to mysticism; one who holds mystical views, interpretations, etc.; especially, in ecclesiastical history, one who professed mysticism. See Mysticism.

Mysticete (n.) Any right whale, or whalebone whale. See Cetacea.

Mysticism (n.) Obscurity of doctrine.

Mysticism (n.) The doctrine of the Mystics, who professed a pure, sublime, and wholly disinterested devotion, and maintained that they had direct intercourse with the divine Spirit, and aquired a knowledge of God and of spiritual things unattainable by the natural intellect, and such as can not be analyzed or explained.

Mysticism (n.) The doctrine that the ultimate elements or principles of knowledge or belief are gained by an act or process akin to feeling or faith.

Mystification (n.) The act of mystifying, or the state of being mystied; also, something designed to, or that does, mystify.

Mystificator (n.) One who mystifies.

Mystified (imp. & p. p.) of Mystify

Mystifying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Mystify

Mystify (v. t.) To involve in mystery; to make obscure or difficult to understand; as, to mystify a passage of Scripture.

Mystify (v. t.) To perplex the mind of; to puzzle; to impose upon the credulity of ; as, to mystify an opponent.

Mytacism (n.) Too frequent use of the letter m, or of the sound represented by it.

Myth (n.) A story of great but unknown age which originally embodied a belief regarding some fact or phenomenon of experience, and in which often the forces of nature and of the soul are personified; an ancient legend of a god, a hero, the origin of a race, etc.; a wonder story of prehistoric origin; a popular fable which is, or has been, received as historical.

Myth (n.) A person or thing existing only in imagination, or whose actual existence is not verifiable.

Mythe (n.) See Myth.

Mythic (a.) Alt. of Mythical

Mythical (a.) Of or relating to myths; described in a myth; of the nature of a myth; fabulous; imaginary; fanciful.

Mythographer (n.) A composer of fables.

Mythologer (n.) A mythologist.

Mythologian (n.) A mythologist.

Mythologic (a.) Alt. of Mythological

Mythological (a.) Of or pertaining to mythology or to myths; mythical; fabulous.

Mythologist (n.) One versed in, or who writes on, mythology or myths.

Mythologize (v. i.) To relate, classify, and explain, or attempt to explain, myths; to write upon myths.

Mythologize (v. i.) To construct and propagate myths.

Mythologizer (n.) One who, or that which, mythologizes.

Mythologue (n.) A fabulous narrative; a myth.

Mythologies (pl. ) of Mythology

Mythology (n.) The science which treats of myths; a treatise on myths.

Mythology (n.) A body of myths; esp., the collective myths which describe the gods of a heathen people; as, the mythology of the Greeks.

Mythoplasm (n.) A narration of mere fable.

Mythopoeic (a.) Making or producing myths; giving rise to mythical narratives.

Mythopoetic (a.) Making or producing myths or mythical tales.

Mytiloid (a.) Like, or pertaining to, the genus Mytilus, or family Mytilidae.

Mytilotoxine (n.) A poisonous base (leucomaine) found in the common mussel. It either causes paralysis of the muscles, or gives rise to convulsions, including death by an accumulation of carbonic acid in the blood.

Mytilus (n.) A genus of marine bivalve shells, including the common mussel. See Illust. under Byssus.

Myxa (n.) The distal end of the mandibles of a bird.

Myxine (n.) A genus of marsipobranchs, including the hagfish. See Hag, 4.

Myxinoid (a.) Like, or pertaining to, the genus Myxine.

Myxinoid (n.) A hagfish.

Myxocystodea (n. pl.) A division of Infusoria including the Noctiluca. See Noctiluca.

Myxomata (pl. ) of Myxoma

Myxoma (n.) A tumor made up of a gelatinous tissue resembling that found in the umbilical cord.

Myxopod (n.) A rhizopod or moneran. Also used adjectively; as, a myxopod state.

Myzontes (n. pl.) The Marsipobranchiata.

Myzostomata (n. pl.) An order of curious parasitic worms found on crinoids. The body is short and disklike, with four pairs of suckers and five pairs of hook-bearing parapodia on the under side.

Ny () Not I; nor I.

Ny (a. & adv.) Alt. of Nye

Nye (a. & adv.) Nigh.

Nyas (n.) See Nias.

Nyctalopia (n.) A disease of the eye, in consequence of which the patient can see well in a faint light or at twilight, but is unable to see during the day or in a strong light; day blindness.

Nyctalopia (n.) See Moonblink.

Nyctalops (n.) One afflicted with nyctalopia.

Nyctalopy (n.) Same as Nyctalopia.

Nycthemeron (n.) The natural day and night, or space of twenty-four hours.

Nyctibune (n.) A South American bird of the genus Nyctibius, allied to the goatsuckers.

Nyctitropic (a.) Turning or bending at night into special positions.

Nyctophile (n.) Any Australian bat of the genus Nyctophilus, having a very simple nasal appendage.

Nye (n.) A brood or flock of pheasants.

Nyentek (n.) A carnivorous mannual (Helictis moscatus, or H. orientalis), native of Eastern Asia and the Indies. It has a dorsal white stripe, and another one across the shoulders. It has a strong musky odor.

Nylghau (n.) Alt. of Nylgau

Nylgau (n.) A large Asiatic antelope (Boselaphus, / Portax, tragocamelus), found in Northern India. It has short horns, a black mane, and a bunch of long hair on the throat. The general color is grayish brown.

Nymph (n.) A goddess of the mountains, forests, meadows, or waters.

Nymph (n.) A lovely young girl; a maiden; a damsel.

Nymph (n.) The pupa of an insect; a chrysalis.

Nymph (n.) Any one of a subfamily (Najades) of butterflies including the purples, the fritillaries, the peacock butterfly, etc.; -- called also naiad.

Nymph/ (pl. ) of Nympha

Nympha (n.) Same as Nymph, 3.

Nympha (n.) Two folds of mucous membrane, within the labia, at the opening of the vulva.

Nymphaea (n.) A genus of aquatic plants having showy flowers (white, blue, pink, or yellow, often fragrant), including the white water lily and the Egyptia lotus.

Nymphal (a.) Of or pertaining to a nymph or nymphs; nymphean.

Nymphales (n. pl.) An extensive family of butterflies including the nymphs, the satyrs, the monarchs, the heliconias, and others; -- called also brush-footed butterflies.

Nymphean (a.) Of, pertaining to, or appropriate to, nymphs; inhabited by nymphs; as, a nymphean cave.

Nymphet (n.) A little or young nymph.

Nymphic (a.) Alt. of Nymphical

Nymphical (a.) Of or pertaining to nymphs.

Nymphiparous (a.) Producing pupas or nymphs.

Nymphish (a.) Relating to nymphs; ladylike.

Nymphlike (a.) Alt. of Nymphly

Nymphly (a.) Resembling, or characteristic of, a nymph.

Nympholepsy (n.) A species of demoniac enthusiasm or possession coming upon one who had accidentally looked upon a nymph; ecstasy.

Nympholeptic (a.) Under the influence of nympholepsy; ecstatic; frenzied.

Nymphomania (n.) Morbid and uncontrollable sexual desire in women, constituting a true disease.

Nymphomany (n.) Same as Nymphomania.

Nymphotomy (n.) Excision of the nymphae.

Nys () Is not. See Nis.

Nystagmus (n.) A rapid involuntary oscillation of the eyeballs.

Nyula (n.) A species of ichneumon (Herpestes nyula). Its fur is beautifully variegated by closely set zigzag markings.

Oyer (n.) A hearing or an inspection, as of a deed, bond, etc., as when a defendant in court prays oyer of a writing.

Oyez (interj.) Hear; attend; -- a term used by criers of courts to secure silence before making a proclamation. It is repeated three times.

Oylet (n.) See Eyelet.

Oylet (n.) Same as Oillet.

Oynoun (n.) Onion.

Oyster (n.) Any marine bivalve mollusk of the genus Ostrea. They are usually found adhering to rocks or other fixed objects in shallow water along the seacoasts, or in brackish water in the mouth of rivers. The common European oyster (Ostrea edulis), and the American oyster (Ostrea Virginiana), are the most important species.

Oyster (n.) A name popularly given to the delicate morsel contained in a small cavity of the bone on each side of the lower part of the back of a fowl.

Oyster-green (n.) A green membranous seaweed (Ulva) often found growing on oysters but common on stones, piles, etc.

Oystering (n.) Gathering, or dredging for, oysters.

Oysterling (n.) A young oyster.

Pyaemia (n.) A form of blood poisoning produced by the absorption into the blood of morbid matters usually originating in a wound or local inflammation. It is characterized by the development of multiple abscesses throughout the body, and is attended with irregularly recurring chills, fever, profuse sweating, and exhaustion.

Pyaemic (a.) Of or pertaining to pyaemia; of the nature of pyaemia.

Pycnaspidean (a.) Having the posterior side of the tarsus covered with small irregular scales; -- said of certain birds.

Pycnidia (pl. ) of Pycnidium

Pycnidium (n.) In certain fungi, a flask-shaped cavity from the surface of the inner walls of which spores are produced.

Pycnite (n.) A massive subcolumnar variety of topaz.

Pycnodont (n.) Any fossil fish belonging to the Pycnodontini. They have numerous round, flat teeth, adapted for crushing.

Pycnodontini (n. pl.) An extinct order of ganoid fishes. They had a compressed body, covered with dermal ribs (pleurolepida) and with enameled rhomboidal scales.

Pycnogonid (n.) One of the Pycnogonida.

Pycnogonida (n. pl.) A class of marine arthropods in which the body is small and thin, and the eight legs usually very long; -- called also Pantopoda.

Pycnometer (n.) A specific gravity bottle; a standard flask for measuring and comparing the densities of liquids.

Pycnostyle (a.) See under Intercolumniation.

Pycnostyle (n.) A pycnostyle colonnade.

Pye (n.) See 2d Pie (b).

Pyebald (a.) See Piebald.

Pyelitis (n.) Inflammation of the pelvis of the kidney.

Pyemia (n.) See PyAemia.

Pyet (n.) A magpie; a piet.

Pygal (a.) Situated in the region of the rump, or posterior end of the backbone; -- applied especially to the posterior median plates in the carapace of chelonians.

Pygarg () Alt. of Pygargus

Pygargus () A quadruped, probably the addax, an antelope having a white rump.

Pygargus () The female of the hen harrier.

Pygargus () The sea eagle.

Pygidia (pl. ) of Pygidium

Pygidium (n.) The caudal plate of trilobites, crustacean, and certain insects. See Illust. of Limulus and Trilobite.

Pygmy (a.) Alt. of Pygmean

Pygmean (a.) Of or pertaining to a pygmy; resembling a pygmy or dwarf; dwarfish; very small.

Pygmies (pl. ) of Pygmy

Pygmy (n.) One of a fabulous race of dwarfs who waged war with the cranes, and were destroyed.

Pygmy (n.) Hence, a short, insignificant person; a dwarf.

Pygobranchia (n. pl.) A division of opisthobranchiate mollusks having the branchiae in a wreath or group around the anal opening, as in the genus Doris.

Pygopod (n.) One of the Pygopodes.

Pygopod (n.) Any species of serpentiform lizards of the family Pygopodidae, which have rudimentary hind legs near the anal cleft, but lack fore legs.

Pygropodes (n. pl.) A division of swimming birds which includes the grebes, divers, auks, etc., in which the legs are placed far back.

Pygopodous (a.) Of or pertaining to the Pygopodes.

Pygostyle (n.) The plate of bone which forms the posterior end of the vertebral column in most birds; the plowshare bone; the vomer. It is formed by the union of a number of the last caudal vertebrae, and supports the uropigium.

Pyin (n.) An albuminoid constituent of pus, related to mucin, possibly a mixture of substances rather than a single body.

Pyjama (n.) In India and Persia, thin loose trowsers or drawers; in Europe and America, drawers worn at night, or a kind of nightdress with legs.

Pykar (n.) An ancient English fishing boat.

Pylae (pl. ) of Pyla

Pylas (pl. ) of Pyla

Pyla (n.) The passage between the iter and optocoele in the brain.

Pylagore (n.) a deputy of a State at the Amphictyonic council.

Pylangia (pl. ) of Pylangium

Pylangium (n.) The first and undivided part of the aortic trunk in the amphibian heart.

Pylon (n.) A low tower, having a truncated pyramidal form, and flanking an ancient Egyptian gateway.

Pylon (n.) An Egyptian gateway to a large building (with or without flanking towers).

Pyloric (a.) Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the pylorus; as, the pyloric end of the stomach.

Pylori (pl. ) of Pylorus

Pylorus (n.) The opening from the stomach into the intestine.

Pylorus (n.) A posterior division of the stomach in some invertebrates.

Pyne (n. & v.) See Pine.

Pynoun (n.) A pennant.

Pyocyanin (n.) A blue coloring matter found in the pus from old sores, supposed to be formed through the agency of a species of bacterium (Bacillus pyocyaneus).

Pyogenic (a.) Producing or generating pus.

Pyoid (a.) Of or pertaining to pus; of the nature of, or like, pus.

Pyopneumothorax (n.) Accumulation of air, or other gas, and of pus, in the pleural cavity.

Pyot (n.) The magpie. See Piet.

Pyoxanthose (n.) A greenish yellow crystalline coloring matter found with pyocyanin in pus.

Pyracanth (n.) The evergreen thorn (Crataegus Pyracantha), a shrub native of Europe.

Pyral (a.) Of or pertaining to a pyre.

Pyralid (n.) Any moth of the family Pyralidae. The species are numerous and mostly small, but some of them are very injurious, as the bee moth, meal moth, hop moth, and clover moth.

Pyramid (n.) A solid body standing on a triangular, square, or polygonal base, and terminating in a point at the top; especially, a structure or edifice of this shape.

Pyramid (n.) A solid figure contained by a plane rectilineal figure as base and several triangles which have a common vertex and whose bases are sides of the base.

Pyramid (n.) The game of pool in which the balls are placed in the form of a triangle at spot.

Pyramidal (a.) Of or pertaining to a pyramid; in the form of a a pyramid; pyramidical; as, pyramidal cleavage.

Pyramidal (a.) Same as Tetragonal.

Pyramidal (n.) One of the carpal bones. See Cuneiform, n., 2 (b).

Pyramidally (adv.) Like a pyramid.

Pyramidic (a.) Alt. of Pyramidical

Pyramidical (a.) Of or pertaining to a pyramid; having the form of a pyramid; pyramidal.

Pyramidia (pl. ) of Pyramidion

Pyramidion (n.) The small pyramid which crowns or completes an obelisk.

Pyramidoid (n.) A solid resembling a pyramid; -- called also pyramoid.

Pyramides (pl. ) of Pyramis

Pyramis (n.) A pyramid.

Pyramoid (n.) See Pyramidoid.

Pyrargyrite (n.) Ruby silver; dark red silver ore. It is a sulphide of antimony and silver, occurring in rhombohedral crystals or massive, and is of a dark red or black color with a metallic adamantine luster.

Pyre (n.) A funeral pile; a combustible heap on which the dead are burned; hence, any pile to be burnt.

Pyrenae (pl. ) of Pyrena

Pyrena (n.) A nutlet resembling a seed, or the kernel of a drupe.

Pyrene (n.) One of the less volatile hydrocarbons of coal tar, obtained as a white crystalline substance, C16H10.

Pyrene (n.) Same as Pyrena.

Pyrenean (a.) Of or pertaining to the Pyrenees, a range of mountains separating France and Spain.

Pyrenean (n.) The Pyrenees.

Pyrenoid (n.) A transparent body found in the chromatophores of certain Infusoria.

Pyrethrin (n.) A substance resembling, and isomeric with, ordinary camphor, and extracted from the essential oil of feverfew; -- called also Pyrethrum camphor.

Pyrethrine (n.) An alkaloid extracted from the root of the pellitory of Spain (Anacyclus pyrethrum).

Pyretic (a.) Of or pertaining to fever; febrile.

Pyretology (n.) A discourse or treatise on fevers; the doctrine of fevers.

Pyrexiae (pl. ) of Pyrexia

Pyrexia (n.) The febrile condition.

Pyrexial (a.) Alt. of Pyrexical

Pyrexical (a.) Of or pertaining to fever; feverish.

Pyrgom (n.) A variety of pyroxene; -- called also fassaite.

Pyrheliometer (n.) An instrument for measuring the direct heating effect of the sun's rays.

Pyridic (a.) Related to, or formed from, pyridin or its homologues; as, the pyridic bases.

Pyridine (n.) A nitrogenous base, C5H5N, obtained from the distillation of bone oil or coal tar, and by the decomposition of certain alkaloids, as a colorless liquid with a peculiar pungent odor. It is the nucleus of a large number of organic substances, among which several vegetable alkaloids, as nicotine and certain of the ptomaines, may be mentioned. See Lutidine.

Pyridyl (n.) A hypothetical radical, C5H4N, regarded as the essential residue of pyridine, and analogous to phenyl.

Pyriform (a.) Having the form of a pear; pear-shaped.

Pyritaceous (a.) Of or pertaining to pyrites. See Pyritic.

Pyrites (pl. ) of Pyrite

Pyrite (n.) A common mineral of a pale brass-yellow color and brilliant metallic luster, crystallizing in the isometric system; iron pyrites; iron disulphide.

Pyrites (n.) A name given to a number of metallic minerals, sulphides of iron, copper, cobalt, nickel, and tin, of a white or yellowish color.

Pyritic (a.) Alt. of Pyritical

Pyritical (a.) Of or pertaining to pyrites; consisting of, or resembling, pyrites.

Pyritiferous (a.) Containing or producing pyrites.

Pyritize (v. t.) To convert into pyrites.

Pyritohedral (a.) Like pyrites in hemihedral form.

Pyritohedron (n.) The pentagonal dodecahedron, a common form of pyrite.

Pyritoid (n.) Pyritohedron.

Pyritology (n.) The science of blowpipe analysis.

Pyritous (a.) Pyritic.

Pyro- () Alt. of Pyr-

Pyr- () Combining forms designating fire or heat; specifically (Chem.), used to imply an actual or theoretical derivative by the action of heat; as in pyrophosphoric, pyrosulphuric, pyrotartaric, pyrotungstic, etc.

Pyro (n.) Abbreviation of pyrogallic acid.

Pyroacetic (a.) Pertaining to, and designating, a substance (acetone) obtained by the distillation of the acetates. It is now called also pyroacetic ether, and formerly was called pyroacetic spirit.

Pyroacid (n.) An acid obtained by sybjecting another acid to the action of heat. Cf. Pyro-.

Pyroantimonate (n.) A salt of pyroantimonic acid.

Pyroantimonic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid of antimony analogous to pyrophosphoric acid.

Pyroarsenate (n.) A salt of pyroarsenic acid.

Pyroarsenic (a.) Pertaining to or designating, an acid of arsenic analogous to pyrophosphoric acid.

Pyroborate (n.) A salt of pyroboric acid.

Pyroboric (a.) Pertaining to derived from, or designating, an acid, H2B4O7 (called also tetraboric acid), which is the acid ingredient of ordinary borax, and is obtained by heating boric acid.

Pyrocatechin (n.) A white crystalline substance, C6H4(OH)2, of the phenol series, found in various plants; -- so called because first obtained by distillation of gum catechu. Called also catechol, oxyphenol. etc.

Pyrochlore (n.) A niobate of calcium, cerium, and other bases, occurring usually in octahedrons of a yellowish or brownish color and resinous luster; -- so called from its becoming grass-green on being subjected to heat under the blowpipe.

Pyrocitric (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, any one of three acids obtained by the distillation of citric acid, and called respectively citraconic, itaconic, and mesaconic acid.

Purocoll (n.) A yellow crystalline substance allied to pyrrol, obtained by the distillation of gelatin.

Pyroelectric (a.) Pertaining to, or dependent on, pyroelectricity; receiving electric polarity when heated.

Pyroelectric (n.) A substance which becomes electrically polar when heated, exhibiting opposite charges of statical electricity at two separate parts, especially the two extremities.

Pyroelectricity (n.) Electricity developed by means of heat; the science which treats of electricity thus developed.

Pyrogallate (n.) A salt of pyrogallic acid; an ether of pyrogallol.

Pyrogallic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or designating, an acid called pyrogallol. See Pyrogallol.

Pyrogallol (n.) A phenol metameric with phloroglucin, obtained by the distillation of gallic acid as a poisonous white crystalline substance having acid properties, and hence called also pyrogallic acid. It is a strong reducer, and is used as a developer in photography and in the production of certain dyes.

Pyrogen (n.) Electricity.

Pyrogen (n.) A poison separable from decomposed meat infusions, and supposed to be formed from albuminous matter through the agency of bacteria.

Pyrogenic (a.) Producing heat; -- said of substances, as septic poisons, which elevate the temperature of the body and cause fever.

Pyrogenous (a.) Produced by fire; igneous.

Pyrognostic (a.) Of or pertaining to characters developed by the use of heat; pertaining to the characters of minerals when examined before the blowpipe; as, the pyrognostic characters of galena.

Pyrognostics (n. pl.) The characters of a mineral observed by the use of the blowpipe, as the degree of fusibility, flame coloration, etc.

Pyrography (n.) A process of printing, ornamenting, or carving, by burning with heated instruments.

Pyrolator (n.) A fire worshiper.

Pyrolatry (n.) The worship of fire.

Pyroligneous (a.) Alt. of Pyrolignic

Pyrolignic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, the acid liquid obtained in the distillation of wood, consisting essentially of impure acetic acid.

Pyrolignous (a.) Same as Pyroligneous.

Pyrolithic (a.) Same as Pyrouric, or Cyanuric.

Pyrologist (n.) One who is versed in, or makes a study of, pyrology.

Pyrology (n.) That branch of physical science which treats of the properties, phenomena, or effects of heat; also, a treatise on heat.

Pyrolusite (n.) Manganese dioxide, a mineral of an iron-black or dark steel-gray color and metallic luster, usually soft. Pyrolusite parts with its oxygen at a red heat, and is extensively used in discharging the brown and green tints of glass (whence its name).

Pyromagnetic (a.) Acting by the agency of heat and magnetism; as, a pyromagnetic machine for producing electric currents.

Pyromalate (n.) A salt of pyromalic acid.

Pyromalic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid now called maleic acid.

Pyromancy (n.) Divination by means of fire.

Pyromania (n.) An insane disposition to incendiarism.

Pyromantic (a.) Of or pertaining to pyromancy.

Pyromantic (n.) One who pretends to divine by fire.

Pyrometer (n.) An instrument used for measuring the expansion of solid bodies by heat.

Pyrometer (n.) An instrument for measuring degrees of heat above those indicated by the mercurial thermometer.

Pyrometric (a.) Alt. of Pyrometrical

Pyrometrical (a.) Pertaining to, or obtained by, the pyrometer; as, pyrometrical instruments; pyrometrical measurements.

Pyrometry (n.) The art of measuring degrees of heat, or the expansion of bodies by heat.

Pyromorphite (n.) Native lead phosphate with lead chloride, occurring in bright green and brown hexagonal crystals and also massive; -- so called because a fused globule crystallizes in cooling.

Pyromorphous (a.) Having the property of crystallizing by the agency of fire.

Pyromucate (n.) A salt of pyromucic acid.

Pyromucic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or designating, an acid obtained as a white crystalline substance by the distillation of mucic acid, or by the oxidation of furfurol.

Pyronomics (n.) The science of heat.

Pyrope (n.) A variety of garnet, of a poppy or blood-red color, frequently with a tinge of orange. It is used as a gem. See the Note under Garnet.

Pyrophane (n.) A mineral which is opaque in its natural state, but is said to change its color and become transparent by heat.

Pyrophanous (a.) Rendered transparent by heat.

Pyrophone (n.) A musical instrument in which the tones are produced by flames of hydrogen, or illuminating gas, burning in tubes of different sizes and lengths.

Pyrophoric (a.) Alt. of Pyrophorous

Pyrophorous (a.) Light-producing; of or pertaining to pyrophorus.

Pyrophorus (n.) Any one of several substances or mixtures which phosphoresce or ignite spontaneously on exposure to air, as a heated mixture of alum, potash, and charcoal, or a mixture of charcoal and finely divided lead.

Pyrophosphate (n.) A salt of pyrophosphoric acid.

Pyrophosphoric (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid, H4P2O7, which is obtained as a white crystalline substance. Its salts are obtained by heating the phosphates.

Pyrophyllite (n.) A mineral, usually of a white or greenish color and pearly luster, consisting chiefly of the hydrous silicate of alumina.

Pyroscope (n.) An instrument for measuring the intensity of heat radiating from a fire, or the cooling influence of bodies. It is a differential thermometer, having one bulb coated with gold or silver leaf.

Pyrosis (n.) See Water brash, under Brash.

Pyrosmalite (n.) A mineral, usually of a pale brown or of a gray or grayish green color, consisting chiefly of the hydrous silicate of iron and manganese; -- so called from the odor given off before the blowpipe.

Pyrosome (n.) Any compound ascidian of the genus Pyrosoma. The pyrosomes form large hollow cylinders, sometimes two or three feet long, which swim at the surface of the sea and are very phosphorescent.

Pyrosulphate (n.) A salt of pyrosulphuric acid.

Pyrosulphuric (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid called also disulphuric acid) obtained by distillation of certain sulphates, as a colorless, thick, oily liquid, H2S2O7 resembling sulphuric acid. It is used in the solution of indigo, in the manufacture of alizarin, and in dehydration.

Pyrotartaric (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid obtained as a white crystalline substance by the distillation of tartaric acid.

Pyrotartrate (n.) A salt of pyrotartaric acid.

Pyrotechnian (n.) A pyrotechnist.

Pyrotechnic (a.) Alt. of Pyrotechnical

Pyrotechnical (a.) Of or pertaining to fireworks, or the art of forming them.

Pyrotechnician (n.) A pyrotechnist.

Pyrotechnics (n.) The art of making fireworks; the manufacture and use of fireworks; pyrotechny.

Pyrotechnist (n.) One skilled in pyrotechny; one who manufactures fireworks.

Pyrotechny (n.) The use and application of fire in science and the arts.

Pyrotechny (n.) Same as Pyrotechnics.

Pyrothonide (n.) A kind of empyreumatic oil produced by the combustion of textures of hemp, linen, or cotton in a copper vessel, -- formerly used as a remedial agent.

Pyrotic (a.) Caustic. See Caustic.

Pyrotic (n.) A caustic medicine.

Pyrotritartaric (a.) Designating an acid which is more commonly called uric acid.

Pyrotungstic (a.) Polytungstic. See Metatungstic.

Pyrouric (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid now called cyanuric acid. See Cyanuric.

Pyrovanadic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid of vanadium, analogous to pyrophosphoric acid.

Pyroxanthin (n.) A yellow crystalline hydrocardon extracted from crude wood spirit; -- called also eblanin.

Pyroxene (n.) A common mineral occurring in monoclinic crystals, with a prismatic angle of nearly 90!, and also in massive forms which are often laminated. It varies in color from white to dark green and black, and includes many varieties differing in color and composition, as diopside, malacolite, salite, coccolite, augite, etc. They are all silicates of lime and magnesia with sometimes alumina and iron. Pyroxene is an essential constituent of many rocks, especially basic igneous rocks, as basalt, gabbro, etc.

Pyroxenic (a.) Containing pyroxene; composed chiefly of pyroxene.

Pyroxenite (n.) A rock consisting essentially of pyroxene.

Pyroxylic (a.) Derived from wood by distillation; -- formerly used in designating crude wood spirit.

Pyroxylin (n.) A substance resembling gun cotton in composition and properties, but distinct in that it is more highly nitrified and is soluble in alcohol, ether, etc.; -- called also pyroxyle.

Pyrrhic (a.) Of or pertaining to an ancient Greek martial dance.

Pyrrhic (a.) Of or pertaining to a pyrrhic, or to pyrrhics; containing pyrrhic; as, a pyrrhic verse.

Pyrrhic (n.) An ancient Greek martial dance, to the accompaniment of the flute, its time being very quick.

Pyrrhic (n.) A foot consisting of two short syllables.

Pyrrhicist (n.) One two danced the pyrrhic.

Pyrrhonean (a.) Alt. of Pyrrhonic

Pyrrhonic (a.) Of or pertaining to pyrrhonism.

Pyrrhonism (n.) Skepticism; universal doubt.

Pyrrhonist (n.) A follower of Pyrrho; a skeptic.

Pyrrhotine (n.) Alt. of Pyrrhotite

Pyrrhotite (n.) A bronze-colored mineral, of metallic luster. It is a sulphide of iron, and is remarkable for being attracted by the magnet. Called also magnetic pyrites.

Pyrrol (n.) A nitrogenous base found in coal tar, bone oil, and other distillates of organic substances, and also produced synthetically as a colorless liquid, C4H5N, having on odor like that of chloroform. It is the nucleus and origin of a large number of derivatives. So called because it colors a splinter of wood moistened with hydrochloric acid a deep red.

Pyrroline (n.) A nitrogenous base, C4H7N, obtained as a colorless liquid by the reduction of pyrrol.

Pyrula (n.) A genus of large marine gastropods. having a pear-shaped shell. It includes the fig-shells. See Illust. in Appendix.

Pyruric (a.) Same as Pyrouric.

Pyrus (n.) A genus of rosaceous trees and shrubs having pomes for fruit. It includes the apple, crab apple, pear, chokeberry, sorb, and mountain ash.

Pyruvic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, an acid (called also pyroracemic acid) obtained, as a liquid having a pungent odor, by the distillation of racemic acid.

Pyruvil (n.) A complex nitrogenous compound obtained by heating together pyruvic acid and urea.

Pythagorean (a.) Of or pertaining to Pythagoras (a Greek philosopher, born about 582 b. c.), or his philosophy.

Pythagorean (n.) A follower of Pythagoras; one of the school of philosophers founded by Pythagoras.

Pythagoreanism (n.) The doctrines of Pythagoras or the Pythagoreans.

Pythagoric (a.) Alt. of Pythagorical

Pythagorical (a.) See Pythagorean, a.

Pythagorism (n.) The doctrines taught by Pythagoras.

Pythagorized (imp. & p. p.) of Pythagorize

Pythagorizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Pythagorize

Pythagorize (v. i.) To speculate after the manner of Pythagoras.

Pythiad (n.) The period intervening between one celebration of the Pythian games and the next.

Pythian (a.) Of or pertaining to Delphi, to the temple of Apollo, or to the priestess of Apollo, who delivered oracles at Delphi.

Pythocenic (a.) Producing decomposition, as diseases which are supposed to be accompanied or caused by decomposition.

Python (n.) Any species of very large snakes of the genus Python, and allied genera, of the family Pythonidae. They are nearly allied to the boas. Called also rock snake.

Python (n.) A diviner by spirits.

Pythoness (n.) The priestess who gave oracular answers at Delphi in Greece.

Pythoness (n.) Any woman supposed to have a spirit of divination; a sort of witch.

Pythonic (a.) Prophetic; oracular; pretending to foretell events.

Pythonism (n.) The art of predicting events after the manner of the priestess of Apollo at Delphi; equivocal prophesying.

Pythonist (n.) A conjurer; a diviner.

Pythonomorpha (n. pl.) Same as Mosasauria.

Pyuria (n.) A morbid condition in which pus is discharged in the urine.

Pyx (n.) The box, case, vase, or tabernacle, in which the host is reserved.

Pyx (n.) A box used in the British mint as a place of deposit for certain sample coins taken for a trial of the weight and fineness of metal before it is sent from the mint.

Pyx (n.) The box in which the compass is suspended; the binnacle.

Pyx (n.) Same as Pyxis.

Pyx (v. t.) To test as to weight and fineness, as the coins deposited in the pyx.

Pyxidate (a.) Having a pyxidium.

Pyxidia (pl. ) of Pyxidium

Pyxidium (n.) A pod which divides circularly into an upper and lower half, of which the former acts as a kind of lid, as in the pimpernel and purslane.

Pyxidium (n.) The theca of mosses.

Pyxle (n.) Same as Pixy.

Pyxis (n.) A box; a pyx.

Pyxis (n.) A pyxidium.

Pyxis (n.) The acetabulum. See Acetabulum, 2.

Ryal (a.) Royal.

Ryal (n.) See Rial, an old English coin.

Ryder (n.) A clause added to a document; a rider. See Rider.

Ryder (n.) A gold coin of Zealand [Netherlands] equal to 14 florins, about $ 5.60.

Rye (n.) A grain yielded by a hardy cereal grass (Secale cereale), closely allied to wheat; also, the plant itself. Rye constitutes a large portion of the breadstuff used by man.

Rye (n.) A disease in a hawk.

Rynd (n.) A piece of iron crossing the hole in the upper millstone by which the stone is supported on the spindle.

Ryot (n.) A peasant or cultivator of the soil.

Rypophagous (a.) Eating, or subsisting on, filth.

Rys (n.) A branch.

Rysh (n.) Rush, a plant.

Rysimeter (n.) See Rhysimeter.

Ryth (n.) A ford.

Rytina (n.) A genus of large edentulous sirenians, allied to the dugong and manatee, including but one species (R. Stelleri); -- called also Steller's sea cow.

Sy (imp.) Saw.

Syb (a.) See Sib.

Sybarite (n.) A person devoted to luxury and pleasure; a voluptuary.

Sybaritic (a.) Alt. of Sybaritical

Sybaritical (a.) Of or pertaining to the Sybarites; resembling the Sybarites; luxurious; wanton; effeminate.

Sybaritism (n.) Luxuriousness; effeminacy; wantonness; voluptuousness.

Sycamine (n.) See Sycamore.

Sycamore (n.) A large tree (Ficus Sycomorus) allied to the common fig. It is found in Egypt and Syria, and is the sycamore, or sycamine, of Scripture.

Sycamore (n.) The American plane tree, or buttonwood.

Sycamore (n.) A large European species of maple (Acer Pseudo-Platanus).

Syce (n.) A groom.

Sycee (n.) Silver, pounded into ingots of the shape of a shoe, and used as currency. The most common weight is about one pound troy.

Sychnocarpous (a.) Having the capacity of bearing several successive crops of fruit without perishing; as, sychnocarpous plants.

Sycite (n.) A nodule of flint, or a pebble, which resembles a fig.

Sycoceric (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, an acid obtained by the oxidation of sycoceryl alcohol.

Sycoceryl (n.) A radical, of the aromatic series, regarded as an essential ingredient of certain compounds found in the waxy resin of an Australian species of fig.

Sycock (n.) The missel thrush.

Sycones (n. pl.) A division of calcareous sponges.

Syconium (n.) Alt. of Syconus

Syconus (n.) A collective fleshy fruit, in which the ovaries are hidden within a hollow receptacle, as in the fig.

Sycophancy (n.) The character or characteristic of a sycophant.

Sycophancy (n.) False accusation; calumniation; talebearing.

Sycophancy (n.) Obsequious flattery; servility.

Sycophant (n.) An informer; a talebearer.

Sycophant (n.) A base parasite; a mean or servile flatterer; especially, a flatterer of princes and great men.

Sycophant (v. t.) To inform against; hence, to calumniate.

Sycophant (v. t.) To play the sycophant toward; to flatter obsequiously.

Sycophant (v. i.) To play the sycophant.

Sycophantcy (n.) Sycophancy.

Sycophantic (a.) Alt. of Sycophantical

Sycophantical (a.) Of or pertaining to a sycophant; characteristic of a sycophant; meanly or obsequiously flattering; courting favor by mean adulation; parasitic.

Sycophantish (a.) Like a sycophant; obsequiously flattering.

Sycophantism (n.) Sycophancy.

Sycophantize (v. i.) To play the sycophant.

Sycophantry (n.) Sycophancy.

Sycosis (n.) A pustular eruption upon the scalp, or the beared part of the face, whether due to ringworm, acne, or impetigo.

Syderolite (n.) A kind of Bohemian earthenware resembling the Wedgwood ware.

Sye (imp.) Saw.

Syenite (n.) Orig., a rock composed of quartz, hornblende, and feldspar, anciently quarried at Syene, in Upper Egypt, and now called granite.

Syenite (n.) A granular, crystalline, ingeous rock composed of orthoclase and hornblende, the latter often replaced or accompanied by pyroxene or mica. Syenite sometimes contains nephelite (elaeolite) or leucite, and is then called nephelite (elaeolite) syenite or leucite syenite.

Syenitic (a.) Relating to Syene; as, Syenitic inscriptions.

Syenitic (a.) Relating to, or like, syenite; as, syenitic granite.

Syke (n. & v.) See Sike.

Syker (a. & adv.) See Sicker.

Syle (n.) A young herring (Clupea harengus).

Syllabaria (pl. ) of Syllabarium

Syllabarium (n.) A syllabary.

Syllabary (n.) A table of syllables; more especially, a table of the indivisible syllabic symbols used in certain languages, as the Japanese and Cherokee, instead of letters.

Syllabe (n.) Syllable.

Syllabic (a.) Alt. of Syllabical

Syllabical (a.) Of or pertaining to a syllable or syllables; as, syllabic accent.

Syllabical (a.) Consisting of a syllable or syllables; as, a syllabic augment.

Syllabically (adv.) In a syllabic manner.

Syllabicated (imp. & p. p.) of Syllabicate

Syllabicating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Syllabicate

Syllabicate (v. t.) To form or divide into syllables; to syllabify.

Syllabication (n.) The act of forming syllables; the act or method of dividing words into syllables. See Guide to Pron., /275.

Syllabification (n.) Same as Syllabication.

Syllabified (imp. & p. p.) of Syllabify

Syllabifying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Syllabify

Syllabify (v. t.) To form or divide into syllables.

Syllabism (n.) The expressing of the sounds of a language by syllables, rather than by an alphabet or by signs for words.

Syllabist (n.) One who forms or divides words into syllables, or is skilled in doing this.

Syllabize (v. t.) To syllabify.

Syllable (n.) An elementary sound, or a combination of elementary sounds, uttered together, or with a single effort or impulse of the voice, and constituting a word or a part of a word. In other terms, it is a vowel or a diphtong, either by itself or flanked by one or more consonants, the whole produced by a single impulse or utterance. One of the liquids, l, m, n, may fill the place of a vowel in a syllable. Adjoining syllables in a word or phrase need not to be marked off by a pause, but only by such an abatement and renewal, or reenforcement, of the stress as to give the feeling of separate impulses.

Syllable (n.) In writing and printing, a part of a word, separated from the rest, and capable of being pronounced by a single impulse of the voice. It may or may not correspond to a syllable in the spoken language.

Syllable (n.) A small part of a sentence or discourse; anything concise or short; a particle.

Syllable (v. t.) To pronounce the syllables of; to utter; to articulate.

Syllabub (n.) Same as Syllabub.

Syllabuses (pl. ) of Syllabus

Syllabi (pl. ) of Syllabus

Syllabus (n.) A compendium containing the heads of a discourse, and the like; an abstract.

Syllepsis (n.) A figure of speech by which a word is used in a literal and metaphorical sense at the same time.

Syllepsis (n.) The agreement of a verb or adjective with one, rather than another, of two nouns, with either of which it might agree in gender, number, etc.; as, rex et regina beati.

Sylleptic (a.) Alt. of Sylleptical

Sylleptical (a.) Of or pertaining to a syllepsis; containing syllepsis.

Syllidian (n.) Any one of numerous species of marine annelids of the family Syllidae.

Syllogism (n.) The regular logical form of every argument, consisting of three propositions, of which the first two are called the premises, and the last, the conclusion. The conclusion necessarily follows from the premises; so that, if these are true, the conclusion must be true, and the argument amounts to demonstration

Syllogistic (a.) Alt. of Syllogistical

Syllogistical (a.) Of or pertaining to a syllogism; consisting of a syllogism, or of the form of reasoning by syllogisms; as, syllogistic arguments or reasoning.

Syllogistically (adv.) In a syllogistic manner.

Syllogization (n.) A reasoning by syllogisms.

Syllogized (imp. & p. p.) of Syllogize

Syllogizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Syllogize

Syllogize (v. i.) To reason by means of syllogisms.

Syllogizer (n.) One who syllogizes.

Sylph (n.) An imaginary being inhabiting the air; a fairy.

Sylph (n.) Fig.: A slender, graceful woman.

Sylph (n.) Any one of several species of very brilliant South American humming birds, having a very long and deeply-forked tail; as, the blue-tailed sylph (Cynanthus cyanurus).

Sylphid (n.) A little sylph; a young or diminutive sylph.

Sylphine (a.) Like a sylph.

Sylphish (a.) Sylphlike.

Sylphlike (a.) Like a sylph; airy; graceful.

Sylvae (pl. ) of Sylva

Sylva (n.) Same as Silva.

Sylvan (a.) Of or pertaining to a sylva; forestlike; hence, rural; rustic.

Sylvan (a.) Abounding in forests or in trees; woody.

Sylvan (a.) A fabled deity of the wood; a satyr; a faun; sometimes, a rustic.

Sylvan (n.) A liquid hydrocarbon obtained together with furfuran (tetrol) by the distillation of pine wood; -- called also methyl tetrol, or methyl furfuran.

Sylvanite (n.) A mineral, a telluride of gold and silver, of a steel-gray, silver-white, or brass-yellow color. It often occurs in implanted crystals resembling written characters, and hence is called graphic tellurium.

Sylvanium (n.) An old name for tellurium.

Sylvate (n.) A salt of sylvic acid.

Sylvatic (a.) Sylvan.

Sylvestrian (a.) Sylvan.

Sylvic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or resembling, pine or its products; specifically, designating an acid called also abeitic acid, which is the chief ingredient of common resin (obtained from Pinus sylvestris, and other species).

Sylvicoline (a.) Of or pertaining to the family of warblers (Sylvicolidae). See Warbler.

Sylviculture (n.) The cultivation of forest trees for timber or other purposes; forestry; arboriculture.

Sylviculturist (n.) One who cultivates forest trees, especially as a business.

Sylvine (n.) Alt. of Sylvite

Sylvite (n.) Native potassium chloride.

Sym- () See Syn-.

Symar (n.) Alt. of Symarr

Symarr (n.) See Simar.

Symbal (n.) See Cimbal.

Symbol (n.) A visible sign or representation of an idea; anything which suggests an idea or quality, or another thing, as by resemblance or by convention; an emblem; a representation; a type; a figure; as, the lion is the symbol of courage; the lamb is the symbol of meekness or patience.

Symbol (n.) Any character used to represent a quantity, an operation, a relation, or an abbreviation.

Symbol (n.) An abstract or compendium of faith or doctrine; a creed, or a summary of the articles of religion.

Symbol (n.) That which is thrown into a common fund; hence, an appointed or accustomed duty.

Symbol (n.) Share; allotment.

Symbol (n.) An abbreviation standing for the name of an element and consisting of the initial letter of the Latin or New Latin name, or sometimes of the initial letter with a following one; as, C for carbon, Na for sodium (Natrium), Fe for iron (Ferrum), Sn for tin (Stannum), Sb for antimony (Stibium), etc. See the list of names and symbols under Element.

Symbol (v. t.) To symbolize.

Symbolic (a.) See Symbolics.

Symbolic (a.) Alt. of Symbolical

Symbolical (a.) Of or pertaining to a symbol or symbols; of the nature of a symbol; exhibiting or expressing by resemblance or signs; representative; as, the figure of an eye is symbolic of sight and knowledge.

Symbolics (n.) The study of ancient symbols

Symbolics (n.) that branch of historic theology which treats of creeds and confessions of faith; symbolism; -- called also symbolic.

Symbolism (n.) The act of symbolizing, or the state of being symbolized; as, symbolism in Christian art is the representation of truth, virtues, vices, etc., by emblematic colors, signs, and forms.

Symbolism (n.) A system of symbols or representations.

Symbolism (n.) The practice of using symbols, or the system of notation developed thereby.

Symbolism (n.) A combining together of parts or ingredients.

Symbolism (n.) The science of creeds; symbolics.

Symbolist (n.) One who employs symbols.

Symbolistic (a.) Alt. of Symbolistical

Symbolistical (a.) Characterized by the use of symbols; as, symbolistic poetry.

Symbolization (n.) The act of symbolizing; symbolical representation.

Symbolized (imp. & p. p.) of Symbolize

Symbolizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Symbolize

Symbolize (v. i.) To have a resemblance of qualities or properties; to correspond; to harmonize.

Symbolize (v. i.) To hold the same faith; to agree.

Symbolize (v. i.) To use symbols; to represent ideas symbolically.

Symbolize (v. t.) To make to agree in properties or qualities.

Symbolize (v. t.) To make representative of something; to regard or treat as symbolic.

Symbolize (v. t.) To represent by a symbol or symbols.

Symbolizer (n.) One who symbolizes.

Symbological (a.) Pertaining to a symbology; versed in, or characterized by, symbology.

Symbologist (n.) One who practices, or who is versed in, symbology.

Symbology (n.) The art of expressing by symbols.

Symbranchii (n. pl.) An order of slender eel-like fishes having the gill openings confluent beneath the neck. The pectoral arch is generally attached to the skull, and the entire margin of the upper jaw is formed by the premaxillary. Called also Symbranchia.

Symmetral (a.) Commensurable; symmetrical.

Symmetrian (n.) One eminently studious of symmetry of parts.

Symmetric (a.) Symmetrical.

Symmetrical (a.) Involving or exhibiting symmetry; proportional in parts; having its parts in due proportion as to dimensions; as, a symmetrical body or building.

Symmetrical (a.) Having the organs or parts of one side corresponding with those of the other; having the parts in two or more series of organs the same in number; exhibiting a symmetry. See Symmetry, 2.

Symmetrical (a.) Having an equal number of parts in the successive circles of floral organs; -- said of flowers.

Symmetrical (a.) Having a likeness in the form and size of floral organs of the same kind; regular.

Symmetrical (a.) Having a common measure; commensurable.

Symmetrical (a.) Having corresponding parts or relations.

Symmetrician (n.) Same as Symmetrian.

Symmetrist (n.) One eminently studious of symmetry of parts.

Symmetrized (imp. & p. p.) of Symmetrize

Symmetrizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Symmetrize

Symmetrize (v. t.) To make proportional in its parts; to reduce to symmetry.

Symmetry (n.) A due proportion of the several parts of a body to each other; adaptation of the form or dimensions of the several parts of a thing to each other; the union and conformity of the members of a work to the whole.

Symmetry (n.) The law of likeness; similarity of structure; regularity in form and arrangement; orderly and similar distribution of parts, such that an animal may be divided into parts which are structurally symmetrical.

Symmetry (n.) Equality in the number of parts of the successive circles in a flower.

Symmetry (n.) Likeness in the form and size of floral organs of the same kind; regularity.

Sympathetic (a.) Inclined to sympathy; sympathizing.

Sympathetic (a.) Produced by, or expressive of, sympathy.

Sympathetic (a.) Produced by sympathy; -- applied particularly to symptoms or affections. See Sympathy.

Sympathetic (a.) Of or relating to the sympathetic nervous system or some of its branches; produced by stimulation on the sympathetic nervious system or some part of it; as, the sympathetic saliva, a modified form of saliva, produced from some of the salivary glands by stimulation of a sympathetic nerve fiber.

Sympathetical (a.) Sympathetic.

Sympathetically (adv.) In a sympathetic manner.

Sympathist (n.) One who sympathizes; a sympathizer.

Sympathized (imp. & p. p.) of Sympathize

Sympathizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Sympathize

Sympathize (v. i.) To have a common feeling, as of bodily pleasure or pain.

Sympathize (v. i.) To feel in consequence of what another feels; to be affected by feelings similar to those of another, in consequence of knowing the person to be thus affected.

Sympathize (v. i.) To agree; to be in accord; to harmonize.

Sympathize (v. t.) To experience together.

Sympathize (v. t.) To ansew to; to correspond to.

Sympathizer (n.) One who sympathizes.

Sympathies (pl. ) of Sympathy

Sympathy (n.) Feeling corresponding to that which another feels; the quality of being affected by the affection of another, with feelings correspondent in kind, if not in degree; fellow-feeling.

Sympathy (n.) An agreement of affections or inclinations, or a conformity of natural temperament, which causes persons to be pleased, or in accord, with one another; as, there is perfect sympathy between them.

Sympathy (n.) Kindness of feeling toward one who suffers; pity; commiseration; compassion.

Sympathy (n.) The reciprocal influence exercised by the various organs or parts of the body on one another, as manifested in the transmission of a disease by unknown means from one organ to another quite remote, or in the influence exerted by a diseased condition of one part on another part or organ, as in the vomiting produced by a tumor of the brain.

Sympathy (n.) That relation which exists between different persons by which one of them produces in the others a state or condition like that of himself. This is shown in the tendency to yawn which a person often feels on seeing another yawn, or the strong inclination to become hysteric experienced by many women on seeing another person suffering with hysteria.

Sympathy (n.) A tendency of inanimate things to unite, or to act on each other; as, the sympathy between the loadstone and iron.

Sympathy (n.) Similarity of function, use office, or the like.

Sympetalous (a.) Having the petals united; gamopetalous.

Symphonic (a.) Symphonious.

Symphonic (a.) Relating to, or in the manner of, symphony; as, the symphonic form or style of composition.

Symphonious (a.) Agreeing in sound; accordant; harmonious.

Symphonious (a.) Symphonic.

Symphonist (n.) A composer of symphonies.

Symphonized (imp. & p. p.) of Symphonize

Symphonizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Symphonize

Symphonize (v. i.) To agree; to be in harmony.

Symphonies (pl. ) of Symphony

Symphony (n.) A consonance or harmony of sounds, agreeable to the ear, whether the sounds are vocal or instrumental, or both.

Symphony (n.) A stringed instrument formerly in use, somewhat resembling the virginal.

Symphony (n.) An elaborate instrumental composition for a full orchestra, consisting usually, like the sonata, of three or four contrasted yet inwardly related movements, as the allegro, the adagio, the minuet and trio, or scherzo, and the finale in quick time. The term has recently been applied to large orchestral works in freer form, with arguments or programmes to explain their meaning, such as the "symphonic poems" of Liszt. The term was formerly applied to any composition for an orchestra, as overtures, etc., and still earlier, to certain compositions partly vocal, partly instrumental.

Symphony (n.) An instrumental passage at the beginning or end, or in the course of, a vocal composition; a prelude, interlude, or postude; a ritornello.

Symphyla (n. pl.) An order of small apterous insects having an elongated body, with three pairs of thoracic and about nine pairs of abdominal legs. They are, in many respects, intermediate between myriapods and true insects.

Symphyseal (a.) Of or pertaining to to symphysis.

Symphyseotomy (n.) The operation of dividing the symphysis pubis for the purpose of facilitating labor; -- formerly called the Sigualtian section.

Symphyses (pl. ) of Symphysis

Symphysis (n.) An articulation formed by intervening cartilage; as, the pubic symphysis.

Symphysis (n.) The union or coalescence of bones; also, the place of union or coalescence; as, the symphysis of the lower jaw. Cf. Articulation.

Symphysotomy (n.) Symphyseotomy.

Symphytism (n.) Coalescence; a growing into one with another word.

Sympiesometer (n.) A sensitive kind of barometer, in which the pressure of the atmosphere, acting upon a liquid, as oil, in the lower portion of the instrument, compresses an elastic gas in the upper part.

Symplectic (a.) Plaiting or joining together; -- said of a bone next above the quadrate in the mandibular suspensorium of many fishes, which unites together the other bones of the suspensorium.

Symplectic (n.) The symplectic bone.

Symploce (n.) The repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning and another at the end of successive clauses; as, Justice came down from heaven to view the earth; Justice returned to heaven, and left the earth.

Sympode (n.) A sympodium.

Sympodial (a.) Composed of superposed branches in such a way as to imitate a simple axis; as, a sympodial stem.

Sympodia (pl. ) of Sympodium

Sympodium (n.) An axis or stem produced by dichotomous branching in which one of the branches is regularly developed at the expense of the other, as in the grapevine.

Symposiac (a.) Of or pertaining to compotations and merrymaking; happening where company is drinking together; as, symposiac meetings.

Symposiac (n.) A conference or conversation of philosophers at a banquet; hence, any similar gathering.

Symposiarch (n.) The master of a feast.

Symposiast (n.) One engaged with others at a banquet or merrymaking.

Symposion (n.) A drinking together; a symposium.

Symposia (pl. ) of Symposium

Symposium (n.) A drinking together; a merry feast.

Symposium (n.) A collection of short essays by different authors on a common topic; -- so called from the appellation given to the philosophical dialogue by the Greeks.

Symptom (n.) Any affection which accompanies disease; a perceptible change in the body or its functions, which indicates disease, or the kind or phases of disease; as, the causes of disease often lie beyond our sight, but we learn their nature by the symptoms exhibited.

Symptom (n.) A sign or token; that which indicates the existence of something else; as, corruption in elections is a symptom of the decay of public virtue.

Symptomatic (a.) Alt. of Symptomatical

Symptomatical (a.) Of or pertaining to symptoms; happening in concurrence with something; being a symptom; indicating the existence of something else.

Symptomatical (a.) According to symptoms; as, a symptomatical classification of diseases.

Symptomatology (n.) The doctrine of symptoms; that part of the science of medicine which treats of the symptoms of diseases; semeiology.

Syn- () A prefix meaning with, along with, together, at the same time. Syn- becomes sym- before p, b, and m, and syl- before l.

Synacme (n.) Alt. of Synacmy

Synacmy (n.) Same as Synanthesis.

Synaeresis (n.) Alt. of Syneresis

Syneresis (n.) The union, or drawing together into one syllable, of two vowels that are ordinarily separated in syllabification; synecphonesis; -- the opposite of diaeresis.

Synagogical (a.) Of or pertaining to a synagogue.

Synagogue (n.) A congregation or assembly of Jews met for the purpose of worship, or the performance of religious rites.

Synagogue (n.) The building or place appropriated to the religious worship of the Jews.

Synagogue (n.) The council of, probably, 120 members among the Jews, first appointed after the return from the Babylonish captivity; -- called also the Great Synagogue, and sometimes, though erroneously, the Sanhedrin.

Synagogue (n.) A congregation in the early Christian church.

Synagogue (n.) Any assembly of men.

Synalepha (n.) A contraction of syllables by suppressing some vowel or diphthong at the end of a word, before another vowel or diphthong; as, th' army, for the army.

Synallagmatic (a.) Imposing reciprocal obligations upon the parties; as, a synallagmatic contract.

Synallaxine (a.) Having the outer and middle toes partially united; -- said of certain birds related to the creepers.

Synaloepha (n.) Same as Synalepha.

Synangia (pl. ) of Synangium

Synangium (n.) The divided part beyond the pylangium in the aortic trunk of the amphibian heart.

Synantherous (a.) Having the stamens united by their anthers; as, synantherous flowers.

Synanthesis (n.) The simultaneous maturity of the anthers and stigmas of a blossom.

Synanthous (a.) Having flowers and leaves which appear at the same time; -- said of certain plants.

Synanthrose (n.) A variety of sugar, isomeric with sucrose, found in the tubers of the Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus), in the dahlia, and other Compositae.

Synapta (n.) A genus of slender, transparent holothurians which have delicate calcareous anchors attached to the dermal plates. See Illustration in Appendix.

Synaptase (n.) A ferment resembling diastase, found in bitter almonds. Cf. Amygdalin, and Emulsin.

Synapticulae (pl. ) of Synapticula

Synapticula (n.) One of numerous calcareous processes which extend between, and unite, the adjacent septa of certain corals, especially of the fungian corals.

Synarchy (n.) Joint rule or sovereignity.

Synartesis (n.) A fastening or knitting together; the state of being closely jointed; close union.

Synarthrodia (n.) Synarthrosis.

Synarthroses (pl. ) of Synarthrosis

Synarthrosis (n.) Immovable articulation by close union, as in sutures. It sometimes includes symphysial articulations also. See the Note under Articulation, n., 1.

Synastry (n.) Concurrence of starry position or influence; hence, similarity of condition, fortune, etc., as prefigured by astrological calculation.

Synaxis (n.) A congregation; also, formerly, the Lord's Supper.

Syncarp (n.) A kind of aggregate fruit in which the ovaries cohere in a solid mass, with a slender receptacle, as in the magnolia; also, a similar multiple fruit, as a mulberry.

Syncarpia (pl. ) of Syncarpium

Syncarpium (n.) Same as Syncarp.

Syncarpous (a.) Composed of several carpels consolidated into one ovary.

Syncategorematic (a.) Not capable of being used as a term by itself; -- said of words, as an adverb or preposition.

Synchondroses (pl. ) of Synchondrosis

Synchondrosis (n.) An immovable articulation in which the union is formed by cartilage.

Synchondrotomy (n.) Symphyseotomy.

Synchoresis (n.) A concession made for the purpose of retorting with greater force.

Synchronal (a.) Happening at, or belonging to, the same time; synchronous; simultaneous.

Synchronal (n.) A synchronal thing or event.

Synchronical (a.) Happening at the same time; synchronous.

Synchronism (n.) The concurrence of events in time; simultaneousness.

Synchronism (n.) The tabular arrangement of historical events and personages, according to their dates.

Synchronism (n.) A representation, in the same picture, of two or events which occured at different times.

Synchronistic (a.) Of or pertaining to synchronism; arranged according to correspondence in time; as, synchronistic tables.

Synchronization (n.) The act of synchronizing; concurrence of events in respect to time.

Synchronized (imp. & p. p.) of Synchronize

Synchronizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Synchronize

Synchronize (v. i.) To agree in time; to be simultaneous.

Synchronize (v. t.) To assign to the same date or period of time; as, to synchronize two events of Greek and Roman history.

Synchronize (v. t.) To cause to agree in time; as, to synchronize the movements of different machines; to synchronize clocks.

Synchronology (n.) Contemporaneous chronology.

Synchronous (a.) Happening at the same time; simultaneous.

Synchrony (n.) The concurrence of events in time; synchronism.

Synchysis (n.) A derangement or confusion of any kind, as of words in a sentence, or of humors in the eye.

Synclastic (a.) Curved toward the same side in all directions; -- said of surfaces which in all directions around any point bend away from a tangent plane toward the same side, as the surface of a sphere; -- opposed to anticlastic.

Synclinal (a.) Inclined downward from opposite directions, so as to meet in a common point or line.

Synclinal (a.) Formed by strata dipping toward a common line or plane; as, a synclinal trough or valley; a synclinal fold; -- opposed to anticlinal.

Synclinal (n.) A synclinal fold.

Syncline (n.) A synclinal fold.

Synclinical (a.) Synclinal.

Synclinoria (pl. ) of Synclinorium

Synclinorium (n.) A mountain range owing its origin to the progress of a geosynclinal, and ending in a catastrophe of displacement and upturning.

Syncopal (a.) Of or pertaining to syncope; resembling syncope.

Syncopated (imp. & p. p.) of Syncopate

Syncopating (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Syncopate

Syncopate (v. t.) To contract, as a word, by taking one or more letters or syllables from the middle; as, "Gloster" is a syncopated form of "Gloucester."

Syncopate (v. t.) To commence, as a tone, on an unaccented part of a measure, and continue it into the following accented part, so that the accent is driven back upon the weak part and the rhythm drags.

Syncopation (n.) The act of syncopating; the contraction of a word by taking one or more letters or syllables from the middle; syncope.

Syncopation (n.) The act of syncopating; a peculiar figure of rhythm, or rhythmical alteration, which consists in welding into one tone the second half of one beat with the first half of the beat which follows.

Syncope (n.) An elision or retrenchment of one or more letters or syllables from the middle of a word; as, ne'er for never, ev'ry for every.

Syncope (n.) Same as Syncopation.

Syncope (n.) A fainting, or swooning. See Fainting.

Syncope (n.) A pause or cessation; suspension.

Syncopist (n.) One who syncopates.

Syncopize (v. t.) To syncopate.

Syncotyledonous (a.) Having united cotyledonous.

Syncretic (a.) Uniting and blending together different systems, as of philosophy, morals, or religion.

Syncretism (n.) Attempted union of principles or parties irreconcilably at variance with each other.

Syncretist (n.) One who attempts to unite principles or parties which are irreconcilably at variance;

Syncretist (n.) an adherent of George Calixtus and other Germans of the seventeenth century, who sought to unite or reconcile the Protestant sects with each other and with the Roman Catholics, and thus occasioned a long and violent controversy in the Lutheran church.

Syncretistic (a.) Pertaining to, or characterized by, syncretism; as, a syncretistic mixture of the service of Jehovah and the worship of idols.

Syncretistic (a.) Of or pertaining to Syncretists.

Syncrisis (n.) A figure of speech in which opposite things or persons are compared.

Syncitia (pl. ) of Syncytium

Syncytium (n.) Tissue in which the cell or partition walls are wholly wanting and the cell bodies fused together, so that the tissue consists of a continuous mass of protoplasm in which nuclei are imbedded, as in ordinary striped muscle.

Syncytium (n.) The ectoderm of a sponge.

Syndactyle (n.) Any bird having syndactilous feet.

Syndactylic (a.) Syndactilous.

Syndactylous (a.) Having the toes firmly united together for some distance, and without an intermediate web, as the kingfishers; gressorial.

Syndesmography (n.) A description of the ligaments; syndesmology.

Syndesmology (n.) That part of anatomy which treats of ligaments.

Syndesmoses (pl. ) of Syndesmosis

Syndesmosis (n.) An articulation formed by means of ligaments.

Syndetic (a.) Alt. of Syndetical

Syndetical (a.) Connecting; conjunctive; as, syndetic words or connectives; syndetic references in a dictionary.

Syndic (n.) An officer of government, invested with different powers in different countries; a magistrate.

Syndic (n.) An agent of a corporation, or of any body of men engaged in a business enterprise; an advocate or patron; an assignee.

Syndicate (n.) The office or jurisdiction of a syndic; a council, or body of syndics.

Syndicate (n.) An association of persons officially authorized to undertake some duty or to negotiate some business; also, an association of persons who combine to carry out, on their own account, a financial or industrial project; as, a syndicate of bankers formed to take up and dispose of an entire issue of government bonds.

Syndicate (v. t.) To judge; to censure.

Syndrome (n.) Concurrence.

Syndrome (n.) A group of symptoms occurring together that are characteristic and indicative of some underlying cause, such as a disease.

Syndyasmian (a.) Pertaining to the state of pairing together sexually; -- said of animals during periods of procreation and while rearing their offspring.

Syne (adv.) Afterwards; since; ago.

Syne (adv.) Late, -- as opposed to soon.

Syne (conj.) Since; seeing.

Synecdoche (n.) A figure or trope by which a part of a thing is put for the whole (as, fifty sail for fifty ships), or the whole for a part (as, the smiling year for spring), the species for the genus (as, cutthroat for assassin), the genus for the species (as, a creature for a man), the name of the material for the thing made, etc.

Synecdochical (a.) Expressed by synecdoche; implying a synecdoche.

Synecdochically (adv.) By synecdoche.

Synechia (n.) A disease of the eye, in which the iris adheres to the cornea or to the capsule of the crystalline lens.

Synecphonesis (n.) A contraction of two syllables into one; synizesis.

Synedral (a.) Growing on the angles of a stem, as the leaves in some species of Selaginella.

Synentognathi (n. pl.) An order of fishes, resembling the Physoclisti, without spines in the dorsal, anal, and ventral fins. It includes the true flying fishes.

Synepy (n.) The interjunction, or joining, of words in uttering the clauses of sentences.

Syneresis (n.) Same as Synaeresis.

Synergetic (a.) Working together; cooperating; as, synergetic muscles.

Synergism (n.) The doctrine or theory, attributed to Melanchthon, that in the regeneration of a human soul there is a cooperation, or joint agency, on the part both of God and of man.

Synergist (n.) One who holds the doctrine of synergism.

Synergist (n.) A remedy which has an action similar to that of another remedy, and hence increases the efficiency of that remedy when combined with it.

Synergistic (a.) Of or pertaining to synergism.

Synergistic (a.) Cooperating; synergetic.

Synergy (n.) Combined action

Synergy (n.) the combined healthy action of every organ of a particular system; as, the digestive synergy.

Synergy (n.) An effect of the interaction of the actions of two agents such that the result of the combined action is greater than expected as a simple additive combination of the two agents acting separately. Also synergism.

Syngenesia (n. pl.) A Linnaean class of plants in which the stamens are united by the anthers.

Syngenesian (a.) Alt. of Syngenesious

Syngenesious (a.) Having the stamens united by the anthers; of or pertaining to the Syngenesia.

Syngenesis (n.) A theory of generation in which each germ is supposed to contain the germs of all subsequent generations; -- the opposite of epigenesis.

Syngnathi (n. pl.) A suborder of lophobranch fishes which have an elongated snout and lack the ventral and first dorsal fins. The pipefishes and sea horses are examples.

Syngraph (n.) A writing signed by both or all the parties to a contract or bond.

Synizesis (n.) An obliteration of the pupil of the eye.

Synizesis (n.) A contraction of two syllables into one; synecphonesis.

Synneuroses (pl. ) of Synneorosis

Synneorosis (n.) Syndesmosis.

Synocha (n.) See Synochus.

Synochal (a.) Of or pertaining to synocha; like synocha.

Synochus (n.) A continuous fever.

Synocil (n.) A sense organ found in certain sponges. It consists of several filaments, each of which arises from a single cell.

Synod (n.) An ecclesiastic council or meeting to consult on church matters.

Synod (n.) An assembly or council having civil authority; a legislative body.

Synod (n.) A conjunction of two or more of the heavenly bodies.

Synodal (a.) Synodical.

Synodal (n.) A tribute in money formerly paid to the bishop or archdeacon, at the time of his Easter visitation, by every parish priest, now made to the ecclesiastical commissioners; a procuration.

Synodal (n.) A constitution made in a provincial or diocesan synod.

Synodic (a.) Alt. of Synodical

Synodical (a.) Of or pertaining to a synod; transacted in, or authorized by, a synod; as, synodical proceedings or forms.

Synodical (a.) Pertaining to conjunction, especially to the period between two successive conjunctions; extending from one conjunction, as of the moon or a planet with the sun, to the next; as, a synodical month (see Lunar month, under Month); the synodical revolution of the moon or a planet.

Synodically (adv.) In a synodical manner; in a synod; by the authority of a synod.

Synodist (n.) An adherent to a synod.

Synoecious (a.) Having stamens and pistil in the same head, or, in mosses, having antheridia and archegonia on the same receptacle.

Synomocy (n.) Sworn brotherhood; a society in ancient Greece nearly resembling a modern political club.

Synonyms (pl. ) of Synonym

Synonym (n.) One of two or more words (commonly words of the same language) which are equivalents of each other; one of two or more words which have very nearly the same signification, and therefore may often be used interchangeably. See under Synonymous.

Synonyma (n. pl.) Synonyms.

Synonymal (a.) Synonymous.

Synonymally (adv.) Synonymously.

Synonyme (n.) Same as Synonym.

Synonymic (n.) The science, or the scientific treatment, of synonymous words.

Synonymic (a.) Alt. of Synonymical

Synonymical (a.) Of or pertaining to synonyms, or synonymic; synonymous.

Synonymicon (n.) A dictionary of synonyms.

Synonymist (n.) One who collects or explains synonyms.

Synonymized (imp. & p. p.) of Synonymize

Synonymizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Synonymize

Synonymize (v. t.) To express by a synonym or synonyms; to give the synonym or synonyms corresponding to.

Synonymous (a.) Having the character of a synonym; expressing the same thing; conveying the same, or approximately the same, idea.

Synonymy (n.) The quality of being synonymous; sameness of meaning.

Synonymy (n.) A system of synonyms.

Synonymy (n.) A figure by which synonymous words are used to amplify a discourse.

Synopses (pl. ) of Synopsis

Synopsis (n.) A general view, or a collection of heads or parts so arranged as to exhibit a general view of the whole; an abstract or summary of a discourse; a syllabus; a conspectus.

Synoptic (a.) Alt. of Synoptical

Synoptical (a.) Affording a general view of the whole, or of the principal parts of a thing; as, a synoptic table; a synoptical statement of an argument.

Synoptic (n.) One of the first three Gospels of the New Testament. See Synoptist.

Synoptist (n.) Any one of the authors of the three synoptic Gospels, which give a history of our Lord's life and ministry, in distinction from the writer of John's Gospel, which gives a fuller record of his teachings.

Synosteology (n.) That part of anatomy which treats of joints; arthrology.

Synosteoses (pl. ) of Synosteosis

Synosteosis (n.) Union by means of bone; the complete closing up and obliteration of sutures.

Synostosis (n.) Same as Synosteosis.

Synovia (n.) A transparent, viscid, lubricating fluid which contains mucin and secreted by synovial membranes; synovial fluid.

Synovial (a.) Of or pertaining to synovia; secreting synovia.

Synovitis (n.) Inflammation of the synovial membrane.

Synpelmous (a.) Having the two main flexor tendons of the toes blended together.

Synsepalous (a.) Having united sepals; gamosepalous.

Syntactic (a.) Alt. of Syntactical

Syntactical (a.) Of or pertaining to syntax; according to the rules of syntax, or construction.

Syntax (n.) Connected system or order; union of things; a number of things jointed together; organism.

Syntax (n.) That part of grammar which treats of the construction of sentences; the due arrangement of words in sentences in their necessary relations, according to established usage in any language.

Syntaxis (n.) Syntax.

Synteresis (n.) Prophylaxis.

Synteresis (n.) Conscience viewed as the internal repository of the laws of duty.

Synteretic (a.) Preserving health; prophylactic.

Synteretics (n.) That department of medicine which relates to the preservation of health; prophylaxis.

Synthermal (a.) Having the same degree of heat.

Syntheses (pl. ) of Synthesis

Synthesis (n.) Composition, or the putting of two or more things together, as in compounding medicines.

Synthesis (n.) The art or process of making a compound by putting the ingredients together, as contrasted with analysis; thus, water is made by synthesis from hydrogen and oxygen; hence, specifically, the building up of complex compounds by special reactions, whereby their component radicals are so grouped that the resulting substances are identical in every respect with the natural articles when such occur; thus, artificial alcohol, urea, indigo blue, alizarin, etc., are made by synthesis.

Synthesis (n.) The combination of separate elements of thought into a whole, as of simple into complex conceptions, species into genera, individual propositions into systems; -- the opposite of analysis.

Synthesist (n.) One who employs synthesis, or who follows synthetic methods.

Synthesize (v. t.) To combine by synthesis; to unite.

Synthesize (v. t.) To produce by synthesis; as, to synthesize albumin.

Synthetic (a.) Alt. of Synthetical

Synthetical (a.) Of or pertaining to synthesis; consisting in synthesis or composition; as, the synthetic method of reasoning, as opposed to analytical.

Synthetical (a.) Artificial. Cf. Synthesis, 2.

Synthetical (a.) Comprising within itself structural or other characters which are usually found only in two or more diverse groups; -- said of species, genera, and higher groups. See the Note under Comprehensive, 3.

Synthetically (adv.) In a synthetic manner.

Synthetize (v. t.) To combine; to unite in regular structure.

Syntomy (n.) Brevity; conciseness.

Syntonin (n.) A proteid substance (acid albumin) formed from the albuminous matter of muscle by the action of dilute acids; -- formerly called musculin. See Acid albumin, under Albumin.

Syphering (n.) The lapping of chamfered edges of planks to make a smooth surface, as for a bulkhead.

Syphilide (n.) A cutaneous eruption due to syphilis.

Syphilis (n.) The pox, or venereal disease; a chronic, specific, infectious disease, usually communicated by sexual intercourse or by hereditary transmission, and occurring in three stages known as primary, secondary, and tertiary syphilis. See under Primary, Secondary, and Tertiary.

Syphilitic (a.) Of or pertaining to syphilis; of the nature of syphilis; affected with syphilis.

Syphilitic (n.) A syphilitic patient.

Syphilitically (adv.) In a syphilitic manner; with venereal disease.

Syphilization (n.) Inoculation with the syphilitic virus, especially when employed as a preventive measure, like vaccination.

Syphilize (v. t.) To inoculate with syphilis.

Syphiloderm (n.) A cutaneous affection due to syphilis.

Syphilodermatous (a.) Of or pertaining to the cutaneous manifestations of syphilis.

Syphiloid (a.) Resembling syphilis.

Syphilologist (n.) One skilled in syphilology.

Syphilology (n.) That branch of medicine which treats of syphilis.

Syphon (n.) See Syphon.

Syracuse (n.) A red wine of Italy.

Syren (n.) See Siren.

Syriac (a.) Of or pertaining to Syria, or its language; as, the Syriac version of the Pentateuch.

Syriac (n.) The language of Syria; especially, the ancient language of that country.

Syriacism (n.) A Syrian idiom; a Syrianism.

Syrian (a.) Of or pertaining to Syria; Syriac.

Syrian (n.) A native of Syria.

Syrianism (n.) A Syrian idiom, or a peculiarity of the Syrian language; a Syriacism.

Syriasm (n.) A Syrian idiom; a Syrianism; a Syriacism.

Syringa (n.) A genus of plants; the lilac.

Syringa (n.) The mock orange; -- popularly so called because its stems were formerly used as pipestems.

Syringe (n.) A kind of small hand-pump for throwing a stream of liquid, or for purposes of aspiration. It consists of a small cylindrical barrel and piston, or a bulb of soft elastic material, with or without valves, and with a nozzle which is sometimes at the end of a flexible tube; -- used for injecting animal bodies, cleansing wounds, etc.

Syringed (imp. & p. p.) of Syringe

Syringing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Syringe

Syringe (v. t.) To inject by means of a syringe; as, to syringe warm water into a vein.

Syringe (v. t.) To wash and clean by injection from a syringe.

Syringeal (a.) Of or pertaining to the syrinx; as, the syringeal muscle.

Syringin (n.) A glucoside found in the bark of the lilac (Syringa) and extracted as a white crystalline substance; -- formerly called also lilacin.

Syringocoele (n.) The central canal of the spinal cord.

Syringotome (n.) A small blunt-pointed bistoury, -- used in syringotomy.

Syringotomy (n.) The operation of cutting for anal fistula.

Syringes (pl. ) of Syrinx

Syrinx (n.) A wind instrument made of reeds tied together; -- called also pandean pipes.

Syrinx (n.) The lower larynx in birds.

Syrma (n.) A long dress, trailing on the floor, worn by tragic actors in Greek and Roman theaters.

Syrphian (a.) Of or pertaining to the syrphus flies.

Syrphian (n.) A syrphus fly.

Syrphus fly () Any one of numerous species of dipterous flies of the genus Syrphus and allied genera. They are usually bright-colored, with yellow bands, and hover around plants. The larvae feed upon plant lice, and are, therefore, very beneficial to agriculture.

Syrt (n.) A quicksand; a bog.

Syrtic (a.) Of or pertaining to a syrt; resembling syrt, or quicksand.

Syrtes (pl. ) of Syrtis

Syrtis (n.) A quicksand.

Syrup (a.) Alt. of Syrupy

Syrupy (a.) Same as Sirup, Sirupy.

Syssarcosis (n.) The junction of bones by intervening muscles.

Systaltic (a.) Capable of, or taking place by, alternate contraction and dilatation; as, the systaltic action of the heart.

Systasis (n.) A political union, confederation, or league.

System (n.) An assemblage of objects arranged in regular subordination, or after some distinct method, usually logical or scientific; a complete whole of objects related by some common law, principle, or end; a complete exhibition of essential principles or facts, arranged in a rational dependence or connection; a regular union of principles or parts forming one entire thing; as, a system of philosophy; a system of government; a system of divinity; a system of botany or chemistry; a military system; the solar system.

System (n.) Hence, the whole scheme of created things regarded as forming one complete plan of whole; the universe.

System (n.) Regular method or order; formal arrangement; plan; as, to have a system in one's business.

System (n.) The collection of staves which form a full score. See Score, n.

System (n.) An assemblage of parts or organs, either in animal or plant, essential to the performance of some particular function or functions which as a rule are of greater complexity than those manifested by a single organ; as, the capillary system, the muscular system, the digestive system, etc.; hence, the whole body as a functional unity.

System (n.) One of the stellate or irregular clusters of intimately united zooids which are imbedded in, or scattered over, the surface of the common tissue of many compound ascidians.

Systematic (a.) Alt. of Systematical

Systematical (a.) Of or pertaining to system; consisting in system; methodical; formed with regular connection and adaptation or subordination of parts to each other, and to the design of the whole; as, a systematic arrangement of plants or animals; a systematic course of study.

Systematical (a.) Proceeding according to system, or regular method; as, a systematic writer; systematic benevolence.

Systematical (a.) Pertaining to the system of the world; cosmical.

Systematical (a.) Affecting successively the different parts of the system or set of nervous fibres; as, systematic degeneration.

Systematically (adv.) In a systematic manner; methodically.

Systematism (n.) The reduction of facts or principles to a system.

Systematist (n.) One who forms a system, or reduces to system.

Systematist (n.) One who adheres to a system.

Systematization (n.) The act or operation of systematizing.

Systematized (imp. & p. p.) of Systematize

Systematizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Systematize

Systematize (v. t.) To reduce to system or regular method; to arrange methodically; to methodize; as, to systematize a collection of plants or minerals; to systematize one's work; to systematize one's ideas.

Systematizer (n.) One who systematizes.

Systematology (n.) The doctrine of, or a treatise upon, systems.

Systemic (a.) Of or relating to a system; common to a system; as, the systemic circulation of the blood.

Systemic (a.) Of or pertaining to the general system, or the body as a whole; as, systemic death, in distinction from local death; systemic circulation, in distinction from pulmonic circulation; systemic diseases.

Systemization (n.) The act or process of systematizing; systematization.

Systemized (imp. & p. p.) of Systemize

Systemizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Systemize

Systemize (v. t.) To reduce to system; to systematize.

Systemizer (n.) One who systemizes, or reduces to system; a systematizer.

Systemless (a.) Being without system.

Systemless (a.) Not agreeing with some artificial system of classification.

Systemless (a.) Not having any of the distinct systems or types of structure, as the radiate, articulate, etc., characteristic of organic nature; as, all unicellular organisms are systemless.

Systole (n.) The shortening of the long syllable.

Systole (n.) The contraction of the heart and arteries by which the blood is forced onward and the circulation kept up; -- correlative to diastole.

Systolic (a.) Of or pertaining to systole, or contraction; contracting; esp., relating to the systole of the heart; as, systolic murmur.

Systyle (a.) Having a space equal to two diameters or four modules between two columns; -- said of a portico or building. See Intercolumniation.

Systyle (n.) A systyle temple or other edifice.

Syth (prep., adv., conj. & n.) Alt. of Sythe

Sythe (prep., adv., conj. & n.) See Sith, Sithe.

Sythe (n.) Scythe.

Syzygial (a.) Pertaining to a syzygy.

Syzygies (pl. ) of Syzygy

Syzygy (n.) The point of an orbit, as of the moon or a planet, at which it is in conjunction or opposition; -- commonly used in the plural.

Syzygy (n.) The coupling together of different feet; as, in Greek verse, an iambic syzygy.

Syzygy (n.) Any one of the segments of an arm of a crinoid composed of two joints so closely united that the line of union is obliterated on the outer, though visible on the inner, side.

Syzygy (n.) The immovable union of two joints of a crinoidal arm.

Ty-all (n.) Something serving to tie or secure.

Tyburn ticket () A certificate given to one who prosecutes a felon to conviction, exempting him from certain parish and ward offices.

Tychonic (a.) Of or pertaining to Tycho Brahe, or his system of astronomy.

Tycoon (n.) The title by which the shogun, or former commander in chief of the Japanese army, was known to foreigners.

Tydy (n.) Same as Tidy.

Tye (n.) A knot; a tie.

Tye (n.) A chain or rope, one end of which passes through the mast, and is made fast to the center of a yard; the other end is attached to a tackle, by means of which the yard is hoisted or lowered.

Tye (n.) A trough for washing ores.

Tye (v. t.) See Tie, the proper orthography.

Tyer (n.) One who ties, or unites.

Tyfoon (n.) See Typhoon.

Tyger (n.) A tiger.

Tying () p. pr. of Tie.

Tying (n.) The act or process of washing ores in a buddle.

Tyke (n.) See 2d Tike.

Tylari (pl. ) of Tylarus

Tylarus (n.) One of the pads on the under surface of the toes of birds.

Tyler (n.) See 2d Tiler.

Tylopoda (n. pl.) A tribe of ungulates comprising the camels.

Tyloses (pl. ) of Tylosis

Tylosis (n.) An intrusion of one vegetable cell into the cavity of another, sometimes forming there an irregular mass of cells.

Tymbal (n.) A kind of kettledrum.

Tymp (n.) A hollow water-cooled iron casting in the upper part of the archway in which the dam stands.

Tympan (n.) A drum.

Tympan (n.) A panel; a tympanum.

Tympan (n.) A frame covered with parchment or cloth, on which the blank sheets are put, in order to be laid on the form to be impressed.

Tympanal (n.) Tympanic.

Tympanic (a.) Like a tympanum or drum; acting like a drumhead; as, a tympanic membrane.

Tympanic (a.) Of or pertaining to the tympanum.

Tympanic (n.) The tympanic bone.

Tympanist (n.) One who beats a drum.

Tympanites (n.) A flatulent distention of the belly; tympany.

Tympanitic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or affected with, tympanites.

Tympanitis (n.) Inflammation of the lining membrane of the middle ear.

Tympanize (v. i.) To drum.

Tympanized (imp. & p. p.) of Tympanize

Tympanizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Tympanize

Tympanize (v. t.) To stretch, as a skin over the head of a drum; to make into a drum or drumhead, or cause to act or sound like a drum.

Tympani (pl. ) of Tympano

Tympano (n.) A kettledrum; -- chiefly used in the plural to denote the kettledrums of an orchestra. See Kettledrum.

Tympano- () A combining form used in anatomy to indicate connection with, or relation to, the tympanum; as in tympanohyal, tympano-Eustachian.

Tympanohyal (a.) Of or pertaining to the tympanum and the hyoidean arch.

Tympanohyal (n.) The proximal segment in the hyoidean arch, becoming a part of the styloid process of the temporal bone in adult man.

Tympanums (pl. ) of Tympanum

Tympana (pl. ) of Tympanum

Tympanum (n.) The ear drum, or middle ear. Sometimes applied incorrectly to the tympanic membrane. See Ear.

Tympanum (n.) A chamber in the anterior part of the syrinx of birds.

Tympanum (n.) One of the naked, inflatable air sacs on the neck of the prairie chicken and other species of grouse.

Tympanum (n.) The recessed face of a pediment within the frame made by the upper and lower cornices, being usually a triangular space or table.

Tympanum (n.) The space within an arch, and above a lintel or a subordinate arch, spanning the opening below the arch.

Tympanum (n.) A drum-shaped wheel with spirally curved partitions by which water is raised to the axis when the wheel revolves with the lower part of the circumference submerged, -- used for raising water, as for irrigation.

Tympany (n.) A flatulent distention of the belly; tympanites.

Tympany (n.) Hence, inflation; conceit; bombast; turgidness.

Tynd (v. t.) To shut; to close.

Tyne (v. t.) To lose.

Tyne (v. i.) To become lost; to perish.

Tyne (n.) A prong or point of an antler.

Tyne (n.) Anxiety; tine.

Tyny (a.) Small; tiny.

Typal (a.) Relating to a type or types; belonging to types; serving as a type; typical.

-type (n.) A combining form signifying impressed form; stamp; print; type; typical form; representative; as in stereotype phototype, ferrotype, monotype.

Type (n.) The mark or impression of something; stamp; impressed sign; emblem.

Type (n.) Form or character impressed; style; semblance.

Type (n.) A figure or representation of something to come; a token; a sign; a symbol; -- correlative to antitype.

Type (n.) That which possesses or exemplifies characteristic qualities; the representative.

Type (n.) A general form or structure common to a number of individuals; hence, the ideal representation of a species, genus, or other group, combining the essential characteristics; an animal or plant possessing or exemplifying the essential characteristics of a species, genus, or other group. Also, a group or division of animals having a certain typical or characteristic structure of body maintained within the group.

Type (n.) The original object, or class of objects, scene, face, or conception, which becomes the subject of a copy; esp., the design on the face of a medal or a coin.

Type (n.) A simple compound, used as a mode or pattern to which other compounds are conveniently regarded as being related, and from which they may be actually or theoretically derived.

Type (n.) A raised letter, figure, accent, or other character, cast in metal or cut in wood, used in printing.

Type (n.) Such letters or characters, in general, or the whole quantity of them used in printing, spoken of collectively; any number or mass of such letters or characters, however disposed.

Typed (imp. & p. p.) of Type

Typing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Type

Type (v. t.) To represent by a type, model, or symbol beforehand; to prefigure.

Type (v. t.) To furnish an expression or copy of; to represent; to typify.

Typesetter (n.) One who, or that which, sets type; a compositor; a machine for setting type.

Typesetting (n.) The act or art of setting type.

Typewrite (v. t. & i.) To write with a typewriter.

Typewriter (n.) An instrument for writing by means of type, a typewheel, or the like, in which the operator makes use of a sort of keyboard, in order to obtain printed impressions of the characters upon paper.

Typewriter (n.) One who uses such an instrument.

Typewriting (n.) The act or art of using a typewriter; also, a print made with a typewriter.

Typhlitis (n.) Inflammation of the caecum.

Typhlosole (n.) A fold of the wall which projects into the cavity of the intestine in bivalve mollusks, certain annelids, starfishes, and some other animals.

Typhoean (a.) Of or pertaining to Typhoeus (t/*f/"/s), the fabled giant of Greek mythology, having a hundred heads; resembling Typhoeus.

Typhoid (a.) Of or pertaining to typhus; resembling typhus; of a low grade like typhus; as, typhoid symptoms.

Typhomalarial (a.) Pertaining to typhoid fever and malaria; as, typhomalarial fever, a form of fever having symptoms both of malarial and typhoid fever.

Typhomania (n.) A low delirium common in typhus fever.

Typhon (n.) According to Hesiod, the son of Typhoeus, and father of the winds, but later identified with him.

Typhon (n.) A violent whirlwind; a typhoon.

Typhoon (n.) A violent whirlwind; specifically, a violent whirlwind occurring in the Chinese seas.

Typhos (n.) Typhus.

Typhotoxin (n.) A basic substance, C7H17NO2, formed from the growth of the typhoid bacillus on meat pulp. It induces in small animals lethargic conditions with liquid dejecta.

Typhous (a.) Of or pertaining to typhus; of the nature of typhus.

Typhus (n.) A contagious continued fever lasting from two to three weeks, attended with great prostration and cerebral disorder, and marked by a copious eruption of red spots upon the body. Also called jail fever, famine fever, putrid fever, spottled fever, etc. See Jail fever, under Jail.

Typic (a.) Typical.

Typical (a.) Of the nature of a type; representing something by a form, model, or resemblance; emblematic; prefigurative.

Typical (a.) Combining or exhibiting the essential characteristics of a group; as, a typical genus.

Typification (n.) The act of typifying, or representing by a figure.

Typifier (n.) One who, or that which, typifies.

Typified (imp. & p. p.) of Typify

Typifying (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Typify

Typify (v. t.) To represent by an image, form, model, or resemblance.

Typo (n.) A compositor.

Typocosmy (n.) A representation of the world.

Typographer (n.) A printer.

Typographic (a.) Alt. of Typographical

Typographical (a.) Of or pertaining to the act or act of representing by types or symbols; emblematic; figurative; typical.

Typographical (a.) Of or pertaining to typography or printing; as, the typographic art.

Typography (n.) The act or art of expressing by means of types or symbols; emblematical or hieroglyphic representation.

Typography (n.) The art of printing with types; the use of types to produce impressions on paper, vellum, etc.

Typolite (n.) A stone or fossil which has on it impressions or figures of plants and animals.

Typology (n.) A discourse or treatise on types.

Typology (n.) The doctrine of types.

Typothetae (n. pl.) Printers; -- used in the name of an association of the master printers of the United States and Canada, called The United Typothetae of America.

Tyran (n.) A tyrant.

Tyranness (n.) A female tyrant.

Tyrannic (a.) Alt. of Tyrannical

Tyrannical (a.) Of or pertaining to a tyrant; suiting a tyrant; unjustly severe in government; absolute; imperious; despotic; cruel; arbitrary; as, a tyrannical prince; a tyrannical master; tyrannical government.

Tyrannicidal (a.) Of or pertaining to tyrannicide, or the murder of a tyrant.

Tyrannicide (n.) The act of killing a tyrant.

Tyrannicide (n.) One who kills a tyrant.

Tyrannish (a.) Like a tyrant; tyrannical.

Tyrannized (imp. & p. p.) of Tyrannize

Tyrannizing (p. pr. & vb. n.) of Tyrannize

Tyrannize (v. i.) To act the tyrant; to exercise arbitrary power; to rule with unjust and oppressive severity; to exercise power others not permitted by law or required by justice, or with a severity not necessary to the ends of justice and government; as, a prince will often tyrannize over his subjects; masters sometimes tyrannize over their servants or apprentices.

Tyrannize (v. t.) To subject to arbitrary, oppressive, or tyrannical treatment; to oppress.

Tyrannous (a.) Tyrannical; arbitrary; unjustly severe; despotic.

Tyranny (n.) The government or authority of a tyrant; a country governed by an absolute ruler; hence, arbitrary or despotic exercise of power; exercise of power over subjects and others with a rigor not authorized by law or justice, or not requisite for the purposes of government.

Tyranny (n.) Cruel government or discipline; as, the tyranny of a schoolmaster.

Tyranny (n.) Severity; rigor; inclemency.

Tyrant (n.) An absolute ruler; a sovereign unrestrained by law or constitution; a usurper of sovereignty.

Tyrant (n.) Specifically, a monarch, or other ruler or master, who uses power to oppress his subjects; a person who exercises unlawful authority, or lawful authority in an unlawful manner; one who by taxation, injustice, or cruel punishment, or the demand of unreasonable services, imposes burdens and hardships on those under his control, which law and humanity do not authorize, or which the purposes of government do not require; a cruel master; an oppressor.

Tyrant (n.) Any one of numerous species of American clamatorial birds belonging to the family Tyrannidae; -- called also tyrant bird.

Tyrant (v. i.) To act like a tyrant; to play the tyrant; to tyrannical.

Tyre () Curdled milk.

Tyre (n. & v.) Attire. See 2d and 3d Tire.

Tyre (v. i.) To prey. See 4th Tire.

Tyrian (a.) Of or pertaining to Tyre or its people.

Tyrian (a.) Being of the color called Tyrian purple.

Tyrian (n.) A native of Tyre.

Tyros (pl. ) of Tyro

Tyro (n.) A beginner in learning; one who is in the rudiments of any branch of study; a person imperfectly acquainted with a subject; a novice.

Tyrociny (n.) The state of being a tyro, or beginner; apprenticeship.

Tyrolite (n.) A translucent mineral of a green color and pearly or vitreous luster. It is a hydrous arseniate of copper.

Tyronism (n.) The state of being a tyro, or beginner.

Tyrosin (n.) A white crystalline nitrogenous substance present in small amount in the pancreas and spleen, and formed in large quantity from the decomposition of proteid matter by various means, -- as by pancreatic digestion, by putrefaction as of cheese, by the action of boiling acids, etc. Chemically, it consists of oxyphenol and amidopropionic acid, and by decomposition yields oxybenzoic acid, or some other benzol derivative.

Tyrotoxicon (n.) A ptomaine discovered by Vaughan in putrid cheese and other dairy products, and producing symptoms similar to cholera infantum. Chemically, it appears to be related to, or identical with, diazobenzol.

Tyrotoxine (n.) Same as Tyrotoxicon.

Tysonite (n.) A fluoride of the cerium metals occurring in hexagonal crystals of a pale yellow color. Cf. Fluocerite.

Tystie (n.) The black guillemot.

Tythe (n.) See Tithe.

Tything (n.) See Tithing.

Vyce (n.) A kind of clamp with gimlet points for holding a barrel head while the staves are being closed around it.

Vying () a. & n. from Vie.

Wyandots (n. pl.) Same as Hurons.

Wych-elm (n.) A species of elm (Ulmus montana) found in Northern and Western Europe; Scotch elm.

Wych-hazel (n.) The wych-elm; -- so called because its leaves are like those of the hazel.

Wyclifite (n.) Alt. of Wycliffite

Wycliffite (n.) A follower of Wyclif, the English reformer; a Lollard.

Wyd (a.) Wide.

Wyes (pl. ) of Wye

Wye (n.) The letter Y.

Wye (n.) A kind of crotch. See Y, n. (a).

Wyke (n.) Week.

Wyla (n.) A helmeted Australian cockatoo (Calyptorhynchus funereus); -- called also funeral cockatoo.

Wynd (n.) A narrow lane or alley.

Wynkernel (n.) The European moor hen.

Wynn (n.) A kind of timber truck, or carriage.

Wype (n.) The wipe, or lapwing.

Wythe (n.) Same as Withe, n., 4.

Wys (a.) Wise.

Wyte () Alt. of Wyten

Wyten () pl. pres. of Wit.

Wyvern (n.) Same as Wiver.

Xylamide (n.) An acid amide derivative of xylic acid, obtained as a white crystalline substance.

Xylanthrax (n.) Wood coal, or charcoal; -- so called in distinction from mineral coal.

Xylate (n.) A salt of xylic acid.

Xylem (n.) That portion of a fibrovascular bundle which has developed, or will develop, into wood cells; -- distinguished from phloem.

Xylene (n.) Any of a group of three metameric hydrocarbons of the aromatic series, found in coal and wood tar, and so named because found in crude wood spirit. They are colorless, oily, inflammable liquids, C6H4.(CH3)2, being dimethyl benzenes, and are called respectively orthoxylene, metaxylene, and paraxylene. Called also xylol.

Xylenol (n.) Any one of six metameric phenol derivatives of xylene, obtained as crystalline substances, (CH3)2.C6H3.OH.

Xyletic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, a complex acid related to mesitylenic acid, obtained as a white crystalline substance by the action of sodium and carbon dioxide on crude xylenol.

Xylic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or related to, xylene; specifically, designating any one of several metameric acids produced by the partial oxidation of mesitylene and pseudo-cumene.

Xylidic (a.) Pertaining to, or designating, either one of two distinct acids which are derived from xylic acid and related compounds, and are metameric with uvitic acid.

Xylidine (n.) Any one of six metameric hydrocarbons, (CH3)2.C6H3.NH2, resembling aniline, and related to xylene. They are liquids, or easily fusible crystalline substances, of which three are derived from metaxylene, two from orthoxylene, and one from paraxylene. They are called the amido xylenes.

Xylindein (n.) A green or blue pigment produced by Peziza in certain kinds of decayed wood, as the beech, oak, birch, etc., and extracted as an amorphous powder resembling indigo.

Xylite (n.) A liquid hydrocarbon found in crude wood spirits.

Xylitone (n.) A yellow oil having a geraniumlike odor, produced as a side product in making phorone; -- called also xylite oil.

Xylo- () A combining form from Gr. xy`lon wood; as in xylogen, xylograph.

Xylobalsamum (n.) The dried twigs of a Syrian tree (Balsamodendron Gileadense).

Xylocarpous (a.) Bearing fruit which becomes hard or woody.

Xylocopa (n.) A genus of hymenopterous insects including the carpenter. See Carpenter bee, under Carpenter.

Xylogen (n.) Nascent wood; wood cells in a forming state.

Xylogen (n.) Lignin.

Xylograph (n.) An engraving on wood, or the impression from such an engraving; a print by xylography.

Xylographer (n.) One who practices xylography.

Xylographic (a.) Alt. of Xylographical

Xylographical (a.) Of or pertaining to xylography, or wood engraving.

Xylography (n.) The art of engraving on wood.

Xylography (n.) The art of making prints from the natural grain of wood.

Xylography (n.) A method pf printing in colors upon wood for purposes of house decoration.

Xyloid (a.) Resembling wood; having the nature of wood.

Xyloidin (n.) A substance resembling pyroxylin, obtained by the action of nitric acid on starch; -- called also nitramidin.

Xylol (n.) Same as Xylene.

Xylonite (n.) See Zylonite.

Xylophaga (n.) A genus of marine bivalves which bore holes in wood. They are allied to Pholas.

Xylophagan (n.) One of a tribe of beetles whose larvae bore or live in wood.

Xylophagan (n.) Any species of Xylophaga.

Xylophagan (n.) Any one of the Xylophagides.

Xylophagides (n. pl.) A tribe or family of dipterous flies whose larvae live in decayed wood. Some of the tropical species are very large.

Xylophagous (a.) Eating, boring in, or destroying, wood; -- said especially of certain insect larvae, crustaceans, and mollusks.

Xylophagous (a.) Of or pertaining to the genus Xylophaga.

Xylophilan (n.) One of a tribe of beetles (Xylophili) whose larvae live on decayed wood.

Xylophilous (a.) Of or pertaining to the xylophilans.

Xylophone (n.) An instrument common among the Russians, Poles, and Tartars, consisting of a series of strips of wood or glass graduated in length to the musical scale, resting on belts of straw, and struck with two small hammers. Called in Germany strohfiedel, or straw fiddle.

Xylophone (n.) An instrument to determine the vibrative properties of different kinds of wood.

Xyloplastic (a.) Formed of wood pulp by molds; relating to casts made of wood pulp in molds.

Xylopyrography (n.) The art or practice of burning pictures on wood with a hot iron; -- called also poker painting. See Poker picture, under Poker.

Xyloquinone (n.) Any one of a group of quinone compounds obtained respectively by the oxidation of certain xylidine compounds. In general they are yellow crystalline substances.

Xylorcin (n.) A derivative of xylene obtained as a white crystalline substance which on exposure in the air becomes red; -- called also betaorcin.

Xylostein (n.) A glucoside found in the poisonous berries of a species of honeysuckle (Lonicera xylosteum), and extracted as a bitter, white, crystalline substance.

Xylotile (n.) Same as Parkesine.

Xylotrya (n.) A genus of marine bivalves closely allied to Teredo, and equally destructive to timber. One species (Xylotrya fimbriata) is very common on the Atlantic coast of the United States.

Xylyl (n.) Any one of three metameric radicals which are characteristic respectively of the three xylenes.

Xylylene (n.) Any one of three metameric radicals, CH2.C6H4.CH2, derived respectively from the three xylenes. Often used adjectively; as, xylylene alcohol.

Xyridaceous (a.) Of or pertaining to a natural order (Xyrideae) of endogenous plants, of which Xyris is the type.

Xyris (n.) A genus of endogenous herbs with grassy leaves and small yellow flowers in short, scaly-bracted spikes; yellow-eyed grass. There are about seventeen species in the Atlantic United States.

Xyst (n.) Alt. of Xystus

Xystus (n.) A long and open portico, for athletic exercises, as wrestling, running, etc., for use in winter or in stormy weather.

Xystarch (n.) An office/ having the superintendence of the xyst.

Xyster (n.) An instrument for scraping bones.

Zygantra (pl. ) of Zygantrum

Zygantrum (n.) See under Zygosphene.

Zygapophyses (pl. ) of Zygapophysis

Zygapophysis (n.) One of the articular processes of a vertebra, of which there are usually four, two anterior and two posterior. See under Vertebra.

Zygenid (n.) Any one of numerous species of moths of the family Zygaenidae, most of which are bright colored. The wood nymph and the vine forester are examples. Also used adjectively.

Zygobranchia (n. pl.) A division of marine gastropods in which the gills are developed on both sides of the body and the renal organs are also paired. The abalone (Haliotis) and the keyhole limpet (Fissurella) are examples.

Zygobranchiate (a.) Of or pertaining to the Zygobranchia.

Zygodactyl (n.) Alt. of Zygodactyle

Zygodactyle (n.) Any zygodactylous bird.

Zygodactylae (n. pl.) The zygodactylous birds. In a restricted sense applied to a division of birds which includes the barbets, toucans, honey guides, and other related birds.

Zygodactyli (n. pl.) Same as Scansores.

Zygodactylic (a.) Alt. of Zygodactylous

Zygodactylous (a.) Yoke-footed; having the toes disposed in pairs; -- applied to birds which have two toes before and two behind, as the parrot, cuckoo, woodpecker, etc.

Zygoma (n.) The jugal, malar, or cheek bone.

Zygoma (n.) The zygomatic process of the temporal bone.

Zygoma (n.) The whole zygomatic arch.

Zygomatic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or in the region of, the zygoma.

Zygomorphic (a.) Alt. of Zygomorphous

Zygomorphous (a.) Symmetrical bilaterally; -- said of organisms, or parts of organisms, capable of division into two symmetrical halves only in a single plane.

Zyophyte (n.) Any plant of a proposed class or grand division (Zygophytes, Zygophyta, or Zygosporeae), in which reproduction consists in the union of two similar cells. Cf. Oophyte.

Zygosis (n.) Same as Conjugation.

Zygosperm (n.) A spore formed by the union of the contents of two similar cells, either of the same or of distinct individual plants. Zygosperms are found in certain orders of algae and fungi.

Zygosphene (n.) A median process on the front part of the neural arch of the vertebrae of most snakes and some lizards, which fits into a fossa, called the zygantrum, on the back part of the arch in front.

Zygospore (n.) Same as Zygosperm.

Zygospore (n.) A spore formed by the union of several zoospores; -- called also zygozoospore.

Zylonite (n.) Celluloid.

Zymase (n.) A soluble ferment, or enzyme. See Enzyme.

Zyme (n.) A ferment.

Zyme (n.) The morbific principle of a zymotic disease.

Zymic (a.) Pertaining to, or produced by, fermentation; -- formerly, by confusion, used to designate lactic acid.

Zymogen (n.) A mother substance, or antecedent, of an enzyme or chemical ferment; -- applied to such substances as, not being themselves actual ferments, may by internal changes give rise to a ferment.

Zymogene (n.) One of a physiological group of globular bacteria which produces fermentations of diverse nature; -- distinguished from pathogene.

Zymogenic (a.) Pertaining to, or formed by, a zymogene.

Zymogenic (a.) Capable of producing a definite zymogen or ferment.

Zymologic (a.) Alt. of Zymological

Zymological (a.) Of or pertaining to zymology.

Zymologist (n.) One who is skilled in zymology, or in the fermentation of liquors.

Zymology (n.) A treatise on the fermentation of liquors, or the doctrine of fermentation.

Zymome (n.) A glutinous substance, insoluble in alcohol, resembling legumin; -- now called vegetable fibrin, vegetable albumin, or gluten casein.

Zymometer (n.) Alt. of Zymosimeter

Zymosimeter (n.) An instrument for ascertaining the degree of fermentation occasioned by the mixture of different liquids, and the degree of heat which they acquire in fermentation.

Zymophyte (n.) A bacteroid ferment.

Zymose (n.) Invertin.

Zymosis (n.) A fermentation; hence, an analogous process by which an infectious disease is believed to be developed.

Zymosis (n.) A zymotic disease.

Zymotic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or caused by, fermentation.

Zymotic (a.) Designating, or pertaining to, a certain class of diseases. See Zymotic disease, below.

Zythem (n.) See Zythum.

Zythepsary (n.) A brewery.

Zythum (n.) A kind of ancient malt beverage; a liquor made from malt and wheat.

About the author

Mark McCracken

Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".

Copyright © 2011 by Mark McCracken, All Rights Reserved.