Words whose 4th letter is E
Abdest (n.) Purification by washing the hands before prayer; -- a Mohammedan rite.
Abject (a.) Cast down; low-lying.
Ablen () A small fresh-water fish (Leuciscus alburnus); the bleak.
Abreast (adv.) Side by side; also, opposite; over against; on a Absence (n.) A state of being absent or withdrawn from a place or from companionship; -- opposed to presence.
Absent (a.) Inattentive to what is passing; absent-minded; preoccupied; as, an absent air.
Absent (v. t.) To take or withdraw (one's self) to such a distance as to prevent intercourse; -- used with the reflexive pronoun.
Absentness (n.) The quality of being absent-minded.
Accede (v. i.) To approach; to come forward; -- opposed to recede.
Accelerate (v. t.) To cause to move faster; to quicken the motion of; to add to the speed of; -- opposed to retard.
Acceleration (n.) The act of accelerating, or the state of being accelerated; increase of motion or action; as, a falling body moves toward the earth with an acceleration of velocity; -- opposed to retardation.
Accept (v. t.) To receive with a consenting mind (something offered); as, to accept a gift; -- often followed by of.
Accessible (a.) Open to the influence of; -- with to.
Accession (n.) The act of coming to or reaching a throne, an office, or dignity; as, the accession of the house of Stuart; -- applied especially to the epoch of a new dynasty.
Achenium (n.) A small, dry, indehiscent fruit, containing a single seed, as in the buttercup; -- called a naked seed by the earlier botanists.
Acred (a.) Possessing acres or landed property; -- used in composition; as, large-acred men.
Adieu (interj. & adv.) Good-by; farewell; an expression of kind wishes at parting.
Adreamed (p. p.) Visited by a dream; -- used in the phrase, To be adreamed, to dream.
Adventist (n.) One of a religious body, embracing several branches, who look for the proximate personal coming of Christ; -- called also Second Adventists.
Adventitious (a.) Accidentally or sparingly spontaneous in a country or district; not fully naturalized; adventive; -- applied to foreign plants.
Adventurous (n.) IncAdventurous (n.) Full of hazard; attended with risk; exposing to danger; requiring courage; rash; -- applied to acts; as, an adventurous undertaking, deed, song.
Advert (v. i.) To turn the mind or attention; to refer; to take heed or notice; -- with to; as, he adverted to what was said.
Advertise (v. t.) To give notice to; to inform or apprise; to notify; to make known; hence, to warn; -- often followed by of before the subject of information; as, to advertise a man of his loss.
Affection (n.) A settled good will; kind feeling; love; zealous or tender attachment; -- often in the pl. Formerly followed by to, but now more generally by for or towards; as, filial, social, or conjugal affections; to have an affection for or towards children.
Affectionate (a.) Strongly incAfferent (a.) Bearing or conducting inwards to a part or organ; -- opposed to efferent; as, afferent vessels; afferent nerves, which convey sensations from the external organs to the brain.
After (a.) To ward the stern of the ship; -- applied to any object in the rear part of a vessel; as the after cabin, after hatchway.
Afterguard (n.) The seaman or seamen stationed on the poop or after part of the ship, to attend the after-sails.
Aftermost (a. superl.) Hindmost; -- opposed to foremost.
Agree (v. i.) To yield assent; to accede; -- followed by to; as, to agree to an offer, or to opinion.
Agreeable (a.) Agreeing or suitable; conformable; correspondent; concordant; adapted; -- followed by to, rarely by with.
Agreeable (a.) In pursuance, conformity, or accordance; -- in this sense used adverbially for agreeably; as, agreeable to the order of the day, the House took up the report.
Agreeableness (n.) Resemblance; concordance; harmony; -- with to or between.
Agreeably (adv.) In accordance; suitably; consistently; conformably; -- followed by to and rarely by with. See Agreeable, 4.
Ailette (n.) A small square shield, formerly worn on the shoulders of knights, -- being the prototype of the modern epaulet.
Aller (a.) Of all; -- used in composition; as, alderbest, best of all, alderwisest, wisest of all.
Alien (a.) Wholly different in nature; foreign; adverse; inconsistent (with); incongruous; -- followed by from or sometimes by to; as, principles alien from our religion.
Alien (n.) A foreigner; one owing allegiance, or belonging, to another country; a foreign-born resident of a country in which he does not possess the privileges of a citizen. Hence, a stranger. See Alienage.
Alienate (a.) Estranged; withdrawn in affection; foreign; -- with from.
Alienate (v. t.) To withdraw, as the affections; to make indifferent of averse, where love or friendship before subsisted; to estrange; to wean; -- with from.
Alienee (n.) One to whom the title of property is transferred; -- opposed to alienor.
Alkekengi (n.) An herbaceous plant of the nightshade family (Physalis alkekengi) and its fruit, which is a well flavored berry, the size of a cherry, loosely inclosed in a enlarged leafy calyx; -- also called winter cherry, ground cherry, and strawberry tomato.
Allegation (n.) A statement by a party of what he undertakes to prove, -- usually applied to each separate averment; the charge or matter undertaken to be proved.
Allemande (n.) A dance in moderate twofold time, invented by the French in the reign of Louis XIV.; -- now mostly found in suites of pieces, like those of Bach and Handel.
Alleviate (v. t.) To lighten or lessen (physical or mental troubles); to mitigate, or make easier to be endured; as, to alleviate sorrow, pain, care, etc. ; -- opposed to aggravate.
Almendron (n.) The lofty Brazil-nut tree.
Alternate (v. i.) To happen, succeed, or act by turns; to follow reciprocally in place or time; -- followed by with; as, the flood and ebb tides alternate with each other.
Amber (n.) Amber color, or anything amber-colored; a clear light yellow; as, the amber of the sky.
Amber (a.) Resembling amber, especially in color; amber-colored.
Ambergris (n.) A substance of the consistence of wax, found floating in the Indian Ocean and other parts of the tropics, and also as a morbid secretion in the intestines of the sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus), which is believed to be in all cases its true origin. In color it is white, ash-gray, yellow, or black, and often variegated like marble. The floating masses are sometimes from sixty to two hundred and twenty-five pounds in weight. It is wholly volatilized as a white vapor at 212? F>
Amoeboid (a.) Resembling an amoeba; amoeba-shaped; changing in shape like an amoeba.
Ampelite (n.) An earth abounding in pyrites, used by the ancients to kill insects, etc., on vines; -- applied by Brongniart to a carbonaceous alum schist.
Ampere (n.) The unit of electric current; -- defined by the International Electrical Congress in 1893 and by U. S. Statute as, one tenth of the unit of current of the C. G. S. system of electro-magnetic units, or the practical equivalent of the unvarying current which, when passed through a standard solution of nitrate of silver in water, deposits silver at the rate of 0.001118 grams per second. Called also the international ampere.
Anaerobic (a.) Not requiring air or oxygen for life; -- applied especially to those microbes to which free oxygen is unnecessary; anaerobiotic; -- opposed to aerobic.
Ancestor (n.) One from whom an estate has descended; -- the correlative of heir.
Annex (v. t.) To join or attach; usually to subjoin; to affix; to append; -- followed by to.
Appel (n.) A tap or stamp of the foot as a warning of intent to attack; -- called also attack.
Antelucan (a.) Held or being before light; -- a word applied to assemblies of Christians, in ancient times of persecution, held before light in the morning.
Antennule (n.) A small antenna; -- applied to the smaller pair of antennae or feelers of Crustacea.
Antepenultima (n.) The last syllable of a word except two, as -syl- in monosyllable.
Anterior (a.) Before, or toward the front, in place; as, the anterior part of the mouth; -- opposed to posterior.
Apheliotropic (a.) Turning away from the sun; -- said of leaves, etc.
Apheliotropism (n.) The habit of bending from the sunlight; -- said of certain plants.
Aphemia (n.) Loss of the power of speaking, while retaining the power of writing; -- a disorder of cerebral origin.
Aphesis (n.) The loss of a short unaccented vowel at the beginning of a word; -- the result of a phonetic process; as, squire for esquire.
Apneumona (n. pl.) An order of holothurians in which the internal respiratory organs are wanting; -- called also Apoda or Apodes.
Appellee (n.) The defendant in an appeal; -- opposed to appellant.
Appellee (n.) The person who is appealed against, or accused of crime; -- opposed to appellor.
Appendant (v. t.) Appended by prescription, that is, a personal usage for a considerable time; -- said of a thing of inheritance belonging to another inheritance which is superior or more worthy; as, an advowson, common, etc. , which may be appendant to a manor, common of fishing to a freehold, a seat in church to a house.
Appendicularia (n.) A genus of small free-swimming Tunicata, shaped somewhat like a tadpole, and remarkable for resemblances to the larvae of other Tunicata. It is the type of the order Copelata or Larvalia. See Illustration in Appendix.
Appetency (n.) Natural tendency; affinity; attraction; -- used of inanimate objects.
Apteral (a.) Without lateral columns; -- applied to buildings which have no series of columns along their sides, but are either prostyle or amphiprostyle, and opposed to peripteral.
Apterous (a.) Destitute of winglike membranous expansions, as a stem or petiole; -- opposed to alate.
Argent (n.) The white color in coats of arms, intended to represent silver, or, figuratively, purity, innocence, beauty, or gentleness; -- represented in engraving by a plain white surface.
Argentic (a.) Pertaining to, derived from, or containing, silver; -- said of certain compounds of silver in which this metal has its lowest proportion; as, argentic chloride.
Argentine (n.) A siliceous variety of calcite, or carbonate of lime, having a silvery-white, pearly luster, and a waving or curved lamellar structure.
Argentite (n.) Sulphide of silver; -- also called vitreous silver, or silver glance. It has a metallic luster, a lead-gray color, and is sectile like lead.
Argentous (a.) Of, pertaining to, or containing, silver; -- said of certain silver compounds in which silver has a higher proportion than in argentic compounds; as, argentous chloride.
Aries (n.) A battering-ram.
Arietation (n.) The act of butting like a ram; act of using a battering-ram.
Armed (a.) Having horns, beak, talons, etc; -- said of beasts and birds of prey.
Arrear (n.) That which is behind in payment, or which remains unpaid, though due; esp. a remainder, or balance which remains due when some part has been paid; arrearage; -- commonly used in the plural, as, arrears of rent, wages, or taxes.
Arreptitious (a.) Snatched away; seized or possessed, as a demoniac; raving; mad; crack-brained.
Arrest (v. t.) A scurfiness of the back part of the hind leg of a horse; -- also named rat-tails.
Arsenic (n.) One of the elements, a solid substance resembling a metal in its physical properties, but in its chemical relations ranking with the nonmetals. It is of a steel-gray color and brilliant luster, though usually dull from tarnish. It is very brittle, and sublimes at 356? Fahrenheit. It is sometimes found native, but usually combined with silver, cobalt, nickel, iron, antimony, or sulphur. Orpiment and realgar are two of its sulphur compounds, the first of which is the true arsenicum >
Arsenic (n.) Arsenious oxide or arsenious anhydride; -- called also arsenious acid, white arsenic, and ratsbane.
Arsenic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, arsenic; -- said of those compounds of arsenic in which this element has its highest equivalence; as, arsenic acid.
Arsenide (n.) A compound of arsenic with a metal, or positive element or radical; -- formerly called arseniuret.
Arseniureted (a.) Combined with arsenic; -- said some elementary substances or radicals; as, arseniureted hydrogen.
Arsenopyrite (n.) A mineral of a tin-white color and metallic luster, containing arsenic, sulphur, and iron; -- also called arsenical pyrites and mispickel.
Arterialization (n.) The process of converting venous blood into arterial blood during its passage through the lungs, oxygen being absorbed and carbonic acid evolved; -- called also aeration and hematosis.
Asbestos (n.) A variety of amphibole or of pyroxene, occurring in long and delicate fibers, or in fibrous masses or seams, usually of a white, gray, or green-gray color. The name is also given to a similar variety of serpentine.
Ascend (v. i.) To move upward; to mount; to go up; to rise; -- opposed to descend.
Ascendant (n.) An ancestor, or one who precedes in genealogy or degrees of kindred; a relative in the ascending Ascetic (a.) Extremely rigid in self-denial and devotions; austere; severe.
Ascetic (n.) In the early church, one who devoted himself to a solitary and contemplative life, characterized by devotion, extreme self-denial, and self-mortification; a hermit; a recluse; hence, one who practices extreme rigor and self-denial in religious things.
Askew (adv. & a.) Awry; askance; asquint; oblique or obliquely; -- sometimes indicating scorn, or contempt, or entry.
Asperity (n.) Roughness of surface; unevenness; -- opposed to smoothness.
Asperity (n.) Moral roughness; roughness of manner; severity; crabbedness; harshness; -- opposed to mildness.
Assertorial (a.) Asserting that a thing is; -- opposed to problematical and apodeictical.
Assess (v.) To determine and impose a tax or fine upon (a person, community, estate, or income); to tax; as, the club assessed each member twenty-five cents.
Assets (n. pl.) Property of a deceased person, subject by law to the payment of his debts and legacies; -- called assets because sufficient to render the executor or administrator liable to the creditors and legatees, so far as such goods or estate may extend.
Assets (n. pl.) The entire property of all sorts, belonging to a person, a corporation, or an estate; as, the assets of a merchant or a trading association; -- opposed to liabilities.
Asteridea (n. pl.) A class of Echinodermata including the true starfishes. The rays vary in number and always have ambulacral grooves below. The body is star-shaped or pentagonal.
Asterion (n.) The point on the side of the skull where the lambdoid, parieto-mastoid and occipito-mastoid sutures.
Asterism (n.) An optical property of some crystals which exhibit a star-shaped by reflected light, as star sapphire, or by transmitted light, as some mica.
Asternal (a.) Not sternal; -- said of ribs which do not join the sternum.
Asteroid (n.) A starlike body; esp. one of the numerous small planets whose orbits lie between those of Mars and Jupiter; -- called also planetoids and minor planets.
Aster (n.) A star-shaped figure of achromatic substance found chiefly in cells dividing by mitosis.
Asterope (n.) One of the Pleiades; -- called also Sterope.
Atheistical (a.) Pertaining to, implying, or containing, atheism; -- applied to things; as, atheistic doctrines, opinions, or books.
Atheistical (a.) Disbelieving the existence of a God; impious; godless; -- applied to persons; as, an atheistic writer.
Atheling (n.) An Anglo-Saxon prince or nobleman; esp., the heir apparent or a prince of the royal family.
Athermanous (a.) Not transmitting heat; -- opposed to diathermanous.
Attempt (v. i.) To make an attempt; -- with upon.
Attend (v. i.) To apply the mind, or pay attention, with a view to perceive, understand, or comply; to pay regard; to heed; to listen; -- usually followed by to.
Attend (v. i.) To accompany or be present or near at hand, in pursuance of duty; to be ready for service; to wait or be in waiting; -- often followed by on or upon.
Attercop (n.) A peevish, ill-natured person.
Aune (n.) A French cloth measure, of different parts of the country (at Paris, 0.95 of an English ell); -- now superseded by the meter.
Aviette (n.) A heavier-than-air flying machine in which the motive power is furnished solely by the aviator.
Awned (a.) Furnished with an awn, or long bristle-shaped tip; bearded.
Axled (a.) Having an axle; -- used in composition.
Bakemeat (n.) Alt. of Baked-meat
Bare (a.) Destitute; indigent; empty; unfurnished or scantily furnished; -- used with of (rarely with in) before the thing wanting or taken away; as, a room bare of furniture.
Base (a.) Morally low. Hence: Low-minded; unworthy; without dignity of sentiment; ignoble; mean; illiberal; menial; as, a base fellow; base motives; base occupations.
Base (n.) The positive, or non-acid component of a salt; a substance which, combined with an acid, neutralizes the latter and forms a salt; -- applied also to the hydroxides of the positive elements or radicals, and to certain organic bodies resembling them in their property of forming salts with acids.
Base (n.) A rustic play; -- called also prisoner's base, prison base, or bars.
Base (n.) To put on a base or basis; to lay the foundation of; to found, as an argument or conclusion; -- used with on or upon.
Baseboard (n.) A board, or other woodwork, carried round the walls of a room and touching the floor, to form a base and protect the plastering; -- also called washboard (in England), mopboard, and scrubboard.
Based (a.) Having a base, or having as a base; supported; as, broad-based.
Bate (v. i.) To remit or retrench a part; -- with of.
Bate (n.) An alkaBateau (n.) A boat; esp. a flat-bottomed, clumsy boat used on the Canadian lakes and rivers.
Bere (n.) Barley; the six-rowed barley or the four-rowed barley, commonly the former (Hord. vulgare).
Beget (v. t.) To procreate, as a father or sire; to generate; -- commonly said of the father.
Behemoth (n.) An animal, probably the hippopotamus, described in Job xl. 15-24.
Benedictus (a.) The song of Zacharias at the birth of John the Baptist (Luke i. 68); -- so named from the first word of the Latin version.
Beneficial (a.) Conferring benefits; useful; profitable; helpful; advantageous; serviceable; contributing to a valuable end; -- followed by to.
Benefiter (n.) One who confers a benefit; -- also, one who receives a benefit.
Bereave (v. t.) To make destitute; to deprive; to strip; -- with of before the person or thing taken away.
Beset (v. t.) To set upon on all sides; to perplex; to harass; -- said of dangers, obstacles, etc.
Betel (n.) A species of pepper (Piper betle), the leaves of which are chewed, with the areca or betel nut and a little shell lime, by the inhabitants of the East Indies. It is a woody climber with ovate many-nerved leaves.
Bevel (n.) An instrument consisting of two rules or arms, jointed together at one end, and opening to any angle, for adjusting the surfaces of work to the same or a given inclination; -- called also a bevel square.
Beverage (v. t.) Liquid for drinking; drink; -- usually applied to drink artificially prepared and of an agreeable flavor; as, an intoxicating beverage.
Bise (n.) A pale blue pigment, prepared from the native blue carbonate of copper, or from smalt; -- called also blue bice.
Biceps (n.) A muscle having two heads or origins; -- applied particularly to a flexor in the arm, and to another in the thigh.
Bidentate (a.) Having two teeth or two toothlike processes; two-toothed.
Bigeminate (a.) Having a forked petiole, and a pair of leaflets at the end of each division; biconjugate; twice paired; -- said of a decompound leaf.
Bimetallism (n.) The legalized use of two metals (as gold and silver) in the currency of a country, at a fixed relative value; -- in opposition to monometallism.
Binervate (a.) Two-nerved; -- applied to leaves which have two longitudinal ribs or nerves.
Biped (n.) A two-footed animal, as man.
Biped (a.) Having two feet; two-footed.
Bise (n.) A cold north wind which prevails on the northern coasts of the Mediterranean and in Switzerland, etc.; -- nearly the same as the mistral.
Bivector (n.) A term made up of the two parts / + /1 /-1, where / and /1 are vectors.
Bizet (n.) The upper faceted portion of a brilliant-cut diamond, which projects from the setting and occupies the zone between the girdle and the table. See Brilliant, n.
Blae (a.) Dark blue or bluish gray; lead-colored.
Bluey (a.) A bushman's blanket; -- named from its color.
Bluey (a.) A bushman's bundle; a swag; -- so called because a blanket is sometimes used as the outside covering.
Bluey (a.) A bushman's blanket; -- named from its color.
Bluey (a.) A bushman's bundle; a swag; -- so called because a blanket is sometimes used as the outside covering.
Blue (superl.) Pale, without redness or glare, -- said of a flame; hence, of the color of burning brimstone, betokening the presence of ghosts or devils; as, the candle burns blue; the air was blue with oaths.
Blue (superl.) Literary; -- applied to women; -- an abbreviation of bluestocking.
Bluebeard (n.) The hero of a mediaeval French nursery legend, who, leaving home, enjoined his young wife not to open a certain room in his castle. She entered it, and found the murdered bodies of his former wives. -- Also used adjectively of a subject which it is forbidden to investigate.
Bluebell (n.) A plant of the genus Campanula, especially the Campanula rotundifolia, which bears blue bell-shaped flowers; the harebell.
Bluebottle (n.) A plant (Centaurea cyanus) which grows in grain fields. It receives its name from its blue bottle-shaped flowers.
Bluebreast (n.) A small European bird; the blue-throated warbler.
Bluecap (n.) A Scot; a Scotchman; -- so named from wearing a blue bonnet.
Bluethroat (n.) A singing bird of northern Europe and Asia (Cyanecula Suecica), related to the nightingales; -- called also blue-throated robin and blue-throated warbler.
Bluewing (n.) The blue-winged teal. See Teal.
Boce (n.) A European fish (Box vulgaris), having a compressed body and bright colors; -- called also box, and bogue.
Bohemian (n.) A restless vagabond; -- originally, an idle stroller or gypsy (as in France) thought to have come from Bohemia; in later times often applied to an adventurer in art or literature, of irregular, unconventional habits, questionable tastes, or free morals.
Boned (a.) Having (such) bones; -- used in composition; as, big-boned; strong-boned.
Bonesetter (n.) One who sets broken or dislocated bones; -- commonly applied to one, not a regular surgeon, who makes an occupation of setting bones.
Bore (v. i.) To shoot out the nose or toss it in the air; -- said of a horse.
Bore (n.) A tidal flood which regularly or occasionally rushes into certain rivers of peculiar configuration or location, in one or more waves which present a very abrupt front of considerable height, dangerous to shipping, as at the mouth of the Amazon, in South America, the Hoogly and Indus, in India, and the Tsien-tang, in China.
Boreas (n.) The north wind; -- usually a personification.
Borele (n.) The smaller two-horned rhinoceros of South Africa (Atelodus bicornis).
Bowel (n.) One of the intestines of an animal; an entrail, especially of man; a gut; -- generally used in the plural.
Bogey (n.) A given score or number of strokes, for each hole, against which players compete; -- said to be so called because assumed to be the score of an imaginary first-rate player called Colonel Bogey.
Boreal (a.) Designating or pertaining to a terrestrial division consisting of the northern and mountainous parts of both the Old and the New World; -- equivalent to the Holarctic region exclusive of the Transition, Sonoran, and corresponding areas. The term is used by American authors and applied by them chiefly to the Nearctic subregion. The Boreal region includes approximately all of North and Central America in which the mean temperature of the hottest season does not exceed 18? C. (= 64.4?>
Breechblock (n.) The movable piece which closes the breech of a breech-loading firearm, and resists the backward force of the discharge. It is withdrawn for the insertion of a cartridge, and closed again before the gun is fired.
Breed (v. t.) To educate; to instruct; to form by education; to train; -- sometimes followed by up.
Breed (n.) Class; sort; kind; -- of men, things, or qualities.
Breeze (n.) A light, gentle wind; a fresh, soft-blowing wind.
Cahenslyism (n.) A plan proposed to the Pope in 1891 by P. P. Cahensly, a member of the German parliament, to divide the foreign-born population of the United States, for ecclesiastical purposes, according to European nationalities, and to appoint bishops and priests of like race and speaking the same language as the majority of the members of a diocese or congregation. This plan was successfully opposed by the American party in the Church.
Cadence (n.) Harmony and proportion in motions, as of a well-managed horse.
Cake (n.) A thin wafer-shaped mass of fried batter; a griddlecake or pancake; as buckwheat cakes.
Caledonia (n.) The ancient Latin name of Scotland; -- still used in poetry.
Came (n.) A slender rod of cast lead, with or without grooves, used, in casements and stained-glass windows, to hold together the panes or pieces of glass.
Camel (n.) A water-tight structure (as a large box or boxes) used to assist a vessel in passing over a shoal or bar or in navigating shallow water. By admitting water, the camel or camels may be sunk and attached beneath or at the sides of a vessel, and when the water is pumped out the vessel is lifted.
Cane (n.) A walking stick; a staff; -- so called because originally made of one the species of cane.
Caned (a.) Filled with white flakes; mothery; -- said vinegar when containing mother.
Capellmeister (n.) The musical director in royal or ducal chapel; a choir-master.
Caper (n.) A plant of the genus Capparis; -- called also caper bush, caper tree.
Caperberry (n.) The small olive-shaped berry of the European and Oriental caper, said to be used in pickles and as a condiment.
Capercally (n.) A species of grouse (Tetrao uragallus) of large size and fine flavor, found in northern Europe and formerly in Scotland; -- called also cock of the woods.
Care (n.) To be anxious or solicitous; to be concerned; to have regard or interest; -- sometimes followed by an objective of measure.
Careful (a.) Taking care; giving good heed; watchful; cautious; provident; not indifferent, heedless, or reckless; -- often followed by of, for, or the infinitive; as, careful of money; careful to do right.
Careless (a.) Free from care or anxiety. hence, cheerful; light-hearted.
Casehardened (a.) Hardened against, or insusceptible to, good influences; rendered callous by persistence in wrongdoing or resistance of good influences; -- said of persons.
Catechin (n.) One of the tannic acids, extracted from catechu as a white, crystalCatechise (v. t.) To instruct by asking questions, receiving answers, and offering explanations and corrections, -- esp. in regard to points of religious faith.
Catechise (v. t.) To question or interrogate; to examine or try by questions; -- sometimes with a view to reproof, by eliciting from a person answers which condemn his own conduct.
Categorematic (a.) Capable of being employed by itself as a term; -- said of a word.
Catel (n.) Property; -- often used by Chaucer in contrast with rent, or income.
Catenulate (a.) Chainlike; -- said both or color marks and of indentations when arranged like the links of a chain, as on shells, etc.
Cater (n.) By extension: To supply what is needed or desired, at theatrical or musical entertainments; -- followed by for or to.
Cavetto (n.) A concave molding; -- used chiefly in classical architecture. See Illust. of Column.
Celebrant (n.) One who performs a public religious rite; -- applied particularly to an officiating priest in the Roman Catholic Church, as distinguished from his assistants.
Celebrity (n.) A person of distinction or renown; -- usually in the plural; as, he is one of the celebrities of the place.
Celeriac (n.) Turnip-rooted celery, a from of celery with a large globular root, which is used for food.
Cement (n.) The layer of bone investing the root and neck of a tooth; -- called also cementum.
Cereal (n.) Any grass cultivated for its edible grain, or the grain itself; -- usually in the plural.
Cerebropathy (n.) A hypochondriacal condition verging upon insanity, occurring in those whose brains have been unduly taxed; -- called also brain fag.
Cerebrose (n.) A sugarlike body obtained by the decomposition of the nitrogenous non-phosphorized principles of the brain.
Chaetognatha (n. pl.) An order of free-swimming marine worms, of which the genus Sagitta is the type. They have groups of curved spines on each side of the head.
Cheeked (a.) Having a cheek; -- used in composition.
Cheeky () a Brazen-faced; impudent; bold.
Cheer (v. t.) To cause to rejoice; to gladden; to make cheerful; -- often with up.
Cheer (v. i.) To grow cheerful; to become gladsome or joyous; -- usually with up.
Cheese (n.) A low courtesy; -- so called on account of the cheese form assumed by a woman's dress when she stoops after extending the skirts by a rapid gyration.
Cicero (n.) Pica type; -- so called by French printers.
Cineraceous (a.) Like ashes; ash-colored; cinereous.
Cineraria (n.) A Linnaean genus of free-flowering composite plants, mostly from South Africa. Several species are cultivated for ornament.
Cinereous (a.) Like ashes; ash-colored; grayish.
Cineritious (a.) Like ashes; having the color of ashes, -- as the cortical substance of the brain.
Civet (n.) The animal that produces civet (Viverra civetta); -- called also civet cat. It is carnivorous, from two to three feet long, and of a brownish gray color, with transverse black bands and spots on the body and tail. It is a native of northern Africa and of Asia. The name is also applied to other species.
Cinematograph (n.) A machine, combining magic lantern and kinetoscope features, for projecting on a screen a series of pictures, moved rapidly (25 to 50 a second) and intermittently before an objective lens, and producing by persistence of vision the illusion of continuous motion; a moving-picture machine; also, any of several other machines or devices producing moving pictorial effects. Other common names for the cinematograph are animatograph, biograph, bioscope, electrograph, electroscope, >
Cleek (n.) A large hook or crook, as for a pot over a fire; specif., an iron-headed golf club with a straight, narrow face and a long shaft.
Clue (n.) A lower corner of a square sail, or the after corner of a fore-and-aft sail.
Coherer (n.) Any device in which an imperfectly conducting contact between pieces of metal or other conductors loosely resting against each other is materially improved in conductivity by the influence of Hertzian waves; -- so called by Sir O. J. Lodge in 1894 on the assumption that the impact of the electic waves caused the loosely connected parts to cohere, or weld together, a condition easily destroyed by tapping. A common form of coherer as used in wireless telegraphy consists of a tube co>
Coneflower (n.) Any plant of the genus Rudbeckia; -- so called from the cone-shaped disk of the flower head. Also, any plant of the related genera Ratibida and Brauneria, the latter usually known as purple coneflower.
Cooee (n.) A peculiar cry uttered by the Australian aborigines as a call to attract attention, and also in common use among the Australian colonists. In the actual call the first syllable is much prolonged (k/"-) and the second ends in a shrill, staccato /. To represent the sound itself the spelling cooee is generally used.
Codeine (n.) One of the opium alkaloids; a white crystalCoherent (a.) Logically consistent; -- applied to persons; as, a coherent thinker.
Cohesion (n.) That from of attraction by which the particles of a body are united throughout the mass, whether like or unlike; -- distinguished from adhesion, which unites bodies by their adjacent surfaces.
Coleus (n.) A plant of several species of the Mint family, cultivated for its bright-colored or variegated leaves.
Come (n.) To move hitherward; to draw near; to approach the speaker, or some place or person indicated; -- opposed to go.
Come (n.) To get to be, as the result of change or progress; -- with a predicate; as, to come untied.
Comedy (n.) A dramatic composition, or representation of a bright and amusing character, based upon the foibles of individuals, the manners of society, or the ludicrous events or accidents of life; a play in which mirth predominates and the termination of the plot is happy; -- opposed to tragedy.
Comely (superl.) Pleasing or agreeable to the sight; well-proportioned; good-looking; handsome.
Comestible (n.) Something suitable to be eaten; -- commonly in the plural.
Cone (n.) A solid of the form described by the revolution of a right-angled triangle about one of the sides adjacent to the right angle; -- called also a right cone. More generally, any solid having a vertical point and bounded by a surface which is described by a straight Cone (v. t.) To render cone-shaped; to bevel like the circular segment of a cone; as, to cone the tires of car wheels.
Cope (v. i.) To enter into or maintain a hostile contest; to struggle; to combat; especially, to strive or contend on equal terms or with success; to match; to equal; -- usually followed by with.
Copepoda (n. pl.) An order of Entomostraca, including many minute Crustacea, both fresh-water and marine.
Coreopsis (n.) A genus of herbaceous composite plants, having the achenes two-horned and remotely resembling some insect; tickseed. C. tinctoria, of the Western plains, the commonest plant of the genus, has been used in dyeing.
Coterminous (a.) Bordering; conterminous; -- followed by with.
Covellite (n.) A native sulphide of copper, occuring in masses of a dark blue color; -- hence called indigo copper.
Covenant (n.) An agreement made by the Scottish Parliament in 1638, and by the English Parliament in 1643, to preserve the reformed religion in Scotland, and to extirpate popery and prelacy; -- usually called the "Solemn League and Covenant."
Cover (v. t.) To copulate with (a female); to serve; as, a horse covers a mare; -- said of the male.
Covet (v. t.) To wish for with eagerness; to desire possession of; -- used in a good sense.
Covetous (v. t.) Very desirous; eager to obtain; -- used in a good sense.
Covetous (v. t.) Inordinately desirous; excessively eager to obtain and possess (esp. money); avaricious; -- in a bad sense.
Covetousness (n.) A strong or inordinate desire of obtaining and possessing some supposed good; excessive desire for riches or money; -- in a bad sense.
Covey (n.) A brood or hatch of birds; an old bird with her brood of young; hence, a small flock or number of birds together; -- said of game; as, a covey of partridges.
Creel (n.) A bar or set of bars with skewers for holding paying-off bobbins, as in the roving machine, throstle, and mule.
Creeper (n.) A small bird of the genus Certhia, allied to the wrens. The brown or common European creeper is C. familiaris, a variety of which (var. Americana) inhabits America; -- called also tree creeper and creeptree. The American black and white creeper is Mniotilta varia.
Creeper (n.) A spurlike device strapped to the boot, which enables one to climb a tree or pole; -- called often telegraph creepers.
Crier (n.) an officer who proclaims the orders or directions of a court, or who gives public notice by loud proclamation; as, a town-crier.
Cruel (a.) Disposed to give pain to others; willing or pleased to hurt, torment, or afflict; destitute of sympathetic kindness and pity; savage; inhuman; hard-hearted; merciless.
Cryer (n.) The female of the hawk; a falcon-gentil.
Culex (n.) A genus of mosquitoes to which most of the North American species belong. Some members of this genus are exceedingly annoying, as C. sollicitans, which breeds in enormous numbers in the salt marshes of the Atlantic coast, and C. pipiens, breeding very widely in the fresh waters of North America. (For characters distinguishing these from the malaria mosquitoes, see Anopheles, above.) The yellow-fever mosquito is now placed in another genus, Stegomyia.
Cubebic (a.) Pertaining to, or derived from, cubebs; as, cubebic acid (a soft olive-green resin extracted from cubebs).
Cumene (n.) A colorless oily hydrocarbon, C6H5.C3H7, obtained by the distillation of cuminic acid; -- called also cumol.
Cuneal () Relating to a wedge; wedge-shaped.
Cuneated (a.) Wedge-shaped
Cuneated (a.) wedge-shaped, with the point at the base; as, a cuneate leaf.
Cunette (n.) A drain trench, in a ditch or moat; -- called also cuvette.
Cure (v. t.) To heal; to restore to health, soundness, or sanity; to make well; -- said of a patient.
Cure (v. t.) To subdue or remove by remedial means; to remedy; to remove; to heal; -- said of a malady.
Cure () Treatment of disease by forms of hydrotherapy, as walking barefoot in the morning dew, baths, wet compresses, cold affusions, etc.; -- so called from its originator, Sebastian Kneipp (1821-97), a German priest.
Cymene (n.) A colorless, liquid, combustible hydrocarbon, CH3.C6H4.C3H7, of pleasant odor, obtained from oil of cumin, oil of caraway, carvacrol, camphor, etc.; -- called also paracymene, and formerly camphogen.
Dace (n.) A small European cyprinoid fish (Squalius leuciscus or Leuciscus vulgaris); -- called also dare.
Dalesman (n.) One living in a dale; -- a term applied particularly to the inhabitants of the valleys in the north of England, Norway, etc.
Dame (n.) A mother; -- applied to human beings and quadrupeds.
Damewort (n.) A cruciferrous plant (Hesperis matronalis), remarkable for its fragrance, especially toward the close of the day; -- called also rocket and dame's violet.
Danewort (n.) A fetid European species of elder (Sambucus Ebulus); dwarf elder; wallwort; elderwort; -- called also Daneweed, Dane's weed, and Dane's-blood. [Said to grow on spots where battles were fought against the Danes.]
Dasewe (v. i.) To become dim-sighted; to become dazed or dazzled.
Date (v. i.) To have beginning; to begin; to be dated or reckoned; -- with from.
Decembrist (n.) One of those who conspired for constitutional government against the Emperor Nicholas on his accession to the throne at the death of Alexander I., in December, 1825; -- called also Dekabrist.
December (n.) The twelfth and last month of the year, containing thirty-one days. During this month occurs the winter solstice.
Decent (a.) Comely; shapely; well-formed.
Decentralize (v. t.) To prevent from centralizing; to cause to withdraw from the center or place of concentration; to divide and distribute (what has been united or concentrated); -- esp. said of authority, or the administration of public affairs.
Decession (n.) Departure; decrease; -- opposed to accesion.
Defeat (v.) An overthrow, as of an army in battle; loss of a battle; repulse suffered; discomfiture; -- opposed to victory.
Defect (n.) Want or absence of something necessary for completeness or perfection; deficiency; -- opposed to superfluity.
Defective (a.) Wanting in something; incomplete; lacking a part; deficient; imperfect; faulty; -- applied either to natural or moral qualities; as, a defective limb; defective timber; a defective copy or account; a defective character; defective rules.
Defend (v. t.) To repel danger or harm from; to protect; to secure against; attack; to maintain against force or argument; to uphold; to guard; as, to defend a town; to defend a cause; to defend character; to defend the absent; -- sometimes followed by from or against; as, to defend one's self from, or against, one's enemies.
Defendant (n.) A person required to make answer in an action or suit; -- opposed to plaintiff.
Defensive (a.) Carried on by resisting attack or aggression; -- opposed to offensive; as, defensive war.
Defer (v. t.) To lay before; to submit in a respectful manner; to refer; -- with to.
Defer (v. i.) To yield deference to the wishes of another; to submit to the opinion of another, or to authority; -- with to.
Dejected (a.) Cast down; afflicted; low-spirited; sad; as, a dejected look or countenance.
Dele (imperative sing.) Erase; remove; -- a direction to cancel something which has been put in type; usually expressed by a peculiar form of d, thus: /.
Deletitious (a.) Of such a nature that anything may be erased from it; -- said of paper.
Demean (v. t.) To conduct; to behave; to comport; -- followed by the reflexive pronoun.
Demean (v. t.) To debase; to lower; to degrade; -- followed by the reflexive pronoun.
Demerit (n.) That which deserves blame; ill desert; a fault; a vice; misconduct; -- the opposite of merit.
Demerit (n.) To deserve; -- said in reference to both praise and blame.
Depend (v. i.) To rely for support; to be conditioned or contingent; to be connected with anything, as a cause of existence, or as a necessary condition; -- followed by on or upon, formerly by of.
Depend (v. i.) To trust; to rest with confidence; to rely; to confide; to be certain; -- with on or upon; as, we depend on the word or assurance of our friends; we depend on the mail at the usual hour.
Dependent (a.) Relying on, or subject to, something else for support; not able to exist, or sustain itself, or to perform anything, without the will, power, or aid of something else; not self-sustaining; contingent or conditioned; subordinate; -- often with on or upon; as, dependent on God; dependent upon friends.
Dependent (n.) One who depends; one who is sustained by another, or who relies on another for support of favor; a hanger-on; a retainer; as, a numerous train of dependents.
Dereliction (n.) A retiring of the sea, occasioning a change of high-water mark, whereby land is gained.
Desecrate (v. t.) To divest of a sacred character or office; to divert from a sacred purpose; to violate the sanctity of; to profane; to put to an unworthy use; -- the opposite of consecrate.
Desert (v. t.) To leave (especially something which one should stay by and support); to leave in the lurch; to abandon; to forsake; -- implying blame, except sometimes when used of localities; as, to desert a friend, a principle, a cause, one's country.
Deserve (v. i.) To be worthy of recompense; -- usually with ill or with well.
Determination (n.) The addition of a differentia to a concept or notion, thus limiting its extent; -- the opposite of generalization.
Determine (v. t.) To fix the course of; to impel and direct; -- with a remoter object preceded by to; as, another's will determined me to this course.
Determine (v. i.) To come to a decision; to decide; to resolve; -- often with on.
Develop (v. i.) To go through a process of natural evolution or growth, by successive changes from a less perfect to a more perfect or more highly organized state; to advance from a simpler form of existence to one more complex either in structure or function; as, a blossom develops from a bud; the seed develops into a plant; the embryo develops into a well-formed animal; the mind develops year by year.
Dicentra (n.) A genus of herbaceous plants, with racemes of two-spurred or heart-shaped flowers, including the Dutchman's breeches, and the more showy Bleeding heart (D. spectabilis).
Dicephalous (a.) Having two heads on one body; double-headed.
Digenesis (n.) The faculty of multiplying in two ways; -- by ova fecundated by spermatic fluid, and asexually, as by buds. See Parthenogenesis.
Digestedly (adv.) In a digested or well-arranged manner; methodically.
Dike (n.) A wall-like mass of mineral matter, usually an intrusion of igneous rocks, filling up rents or fissures in the original strata.
Dimension (n.) Measure in a single Dimethyl (n.) Ethane; -- sometimes so called because regarded as consisting of two methyl radicals. See Ethane.
Dioecious (a.) Having the sexes in two separate individuals; -- applied to plants in which the female flowers occur on one individual and the male flowers on another of the same species, and to animals in which the ovum is produced by one individual and the sperm cell by another; -- opposed to monoecious.
Dipetalous (a.) Having two petals; two-petaled.
Dire (superl.) Ill-boding; portentous; as, dire omens.
Direct (a.) In the direction of the general planetary motion, or from west to east; in the order of the signs; not retrograde; -- said of the motion of a celestial body.
Direct (v. t.) To point out or show to (any one), as the direct or right course or way; to guide, as by pointing out the way; as, he directed me to the left-hand road.
Direction (n.) The pointing of a piece with reference to an imaginary vertical axis; -- distinguished from elevation. The direction is given when the plane of sight passes through the object.
Disease (n.) An alteration in the state of the body or of some of its organs, interrupting or disturbing the performance of the vital functions, and causing or threatening pain and weakness; malady; affection; illness; sickness; disorder; -- applied figuratively to the mind, to the moral character and habits, to institutions, the state, etc.
Disease (v. t.) To derange the vital functions of; to afflict with disease or sickness; to disorder; -- used almost exclusively in the participle diseased.
Disepalous (a.) Having two sepals; two-sepaled.
Diverge (v. i.) To extend from a common point in different directions; to tend from one point and recede from each other; to tend to spread apart; to turn aside or deviate (as from a given direction); -- opposed to converge; as, rays of light diverge as they proceed from the sun.
Divergent (a.) Receding farther and farther from each other, as Dives (n.) The name popularly given to the rich man in our Lord's parable of the "Rich Man and Lazarus" (Luke xvi. 19-31). Hence, a name for a rich worldling.
Divest (v. t.) To unclothe; to strip, as of clothes, arms, or equipage; -- opposed to invest.
Dolerite (n.) A dark-colored, basic, igneous rock, composed essentially of pyroxene and a triclinic feldspar with magnetic iron. By many authors it is considered equivalent to a coarse-grained basalt.
Dolerite (n.) Coarse-grained basalt.
Dome (n.) A building; a house; an edifice; -- used chiefly in poetry.
Domeykite (n.) A massive mineral of tin-white or steel-gray color, an arsenide of copper.
Done (infinitive.) It is done or agreed; let it be a match or bargain; -- used elliptically.
Done (a.) Given; executed; issued; made public; -- used chiefly in the clause giving the date of a proclamation or public act.
Donee (n.) Anciently, one to whom lands were given; in later use, one to whom lands and tenements are given in tail; in modern use, one on whom a power is conferred for execution; -- sometimes called the appointor.
Dote (v. i.) To be weak-minded, silly, or idiotic; to have the intellect impaired, especially by age, so that the mind wanders or wavers; to drivel.
Dote (v. i.) To be excessively or foolishly fond; to love to excess; to be weakly affectionate; -- with on or upon; as, the mother dotes on her child.
Doted (a.) Half-rotten; as, doted wood.
Eared (a.) Having (such or so many) ears; -- used in composition; as, long-eared-eared; sharp-eared; full-eared; ten-eared.
Ease (n.) Freedom from constraint, formality, difficulty, embarrassment, etc.; facility; liberty; naturalness; -- said of manner, style, etc.; as, ease of style, of behavior, of address.
Ease (n.) To free from anything that pains, disquiets, or oppresses; to relieve from toil or care; to give rest, repose, or tranquility to; -- often with of; as, to ease of pain; ease the body or mind.
Eccentric (a.) Not having the same center; -- said of circles, ellipses, spheres, etc., which, though coinciding, either in whole or in part, as to area or volume, have not the same center; -- opposed to concentric.
Eccentricity (n.) The ratio of the distance between the center and the focus of an ellipse or hyperbola to its semi-transverse axis.
Eccentricity (n.) The ratio of the distance of the center of the orbit of a heavenly body from the center of the body round which it revolves to the semi-transverse axis of the orbit.
Eczema (n.) An inflammatory disease of the skin, characterized by the presence of redness and itching, an eruption of small vesicles, and the discharge of a watery exudation, which often dries up, leaving the skin covered with crusts; -- called also tetter, milk crust, and salt rheum.
Edgeshot (a.) Having an edge planed, -- said of a board.
Effendi (n.) Master; sir; -- a Turkish title of respect, applied esp. to a state official or man of learning, as one learned in the law, but often simply as the courtesy title of a gentleman.
Effect (n.) Consequence intended; purpose; meaning; general intent; -- with to.
Effect (n.) Goods; movables; personal estate; -- sometimes used to embrace real as well as personal property; as, the people escaped from the town with their effects.
Effective (n.) Specie or coin, as distinguished from paper currency; -- a term used in many parts of Europe.
Effeminacy (n.) Characteristic quality of a woman, such as softness, luxuriousness, delicacy, or weakness, which is unbecoming a man; womanish delicacy or softness; -- used reproachfully of men.
Effeminate (a.) Womanlike; womanly; tender; -- in a good sense.
Effendi (n.) Master; sir; -- a title of a Turkish state official and man of learning, especially one learned in the law.
Efferent (a.) Conveying outward, or discharging; -- applied to certain blood vessels, lymphatics, nerves, etc.
Efferent (a.) Conveyed outward; as, efferent impulses, i. e., such as are conveyed by the motor or efferent nerves from the central nervous organ outwards; -- opposed to afferent.
Effet (n.) The common newt; -- called also asker, eft, evat, and ewt.
Egregious (a.) Surpassing; extraordinary; distinguished (in a bad sense); -- formerly used with words importing a good quality, but now joined with words having a bad sense; as, an egregious rascal; an egregious ass; an egregious mistake.
Eider (n.) Any species of sea duck of the genus Somateria, esp. Somateria mollissima, which breeds in the northern parts of Europe and America, and Elder (a.) Born before another; prior in years; senior; earlier; older; as, his elder brother died in infancy; -- opposed to younger, and now commonly applied to a son, daughter, child, brother, etc.
Elver (n.) A young eel; a young conger or sea eel; -- called also elvene.
Ember (n.) A lighted coal, smoldering amid ashes; -- used chiefly in the plural, to signify mingled coals and ashes; the smoldering remains of a fire.
Emmetropia (n.) That refractive condition of the eye in which the rays of light are all brought accurately and without undue effort to a focus upon the retina; -- opposed to hypermetropia, myopia, an astigmatism.
Emperor (n.) The sovereign or supreme monarch of an empire; -- a title of dignity superior to that of king; as, the emperor of Germany or of Austria; the emperor or Czar of Russia.
Enceinte (n.) The Encephalous (a.) Having a head; -- said of most Mollusca; -- opposed to acephalous.
Endemic (a.) Belonging or native to a particular people or country; native as distinguished from introduced or naturalized; hence, regularly or ordinarily occurring in a given region; local; as, a plant endemic in Australia; -- often distinguished from exotic.
Endecaphyllous (a.) Composed of eleven leaflets; -- said of a leaf.
Enneagynous (a.) Having or producing nine pistils or styles; -- said of a flower or plant.
Enneaspermous (a.) Having nine seeds; -- said of fruits.
Enseel (v. t.) To close eyes of; to seel; -- said in reference to a hawk.
Entellus (n.) An East Indian long-tailed bearded monkey (Semnopithecus entellus) regarded as sacred by the natives. It is remarkable for the caplike arrangement of the hair on the head. Called also hoonoomaun and hungoor.
Enter (v. i.) To go or come in; -- often with in used pleonastically; also, to begin; to take the first steps.
Enter (v. i.) To get admission; to introduce one's self; to penetrate; to form or constitute a part; to become a partaker or participant; to share; to engage; -- usually with into; sometimes with on or upon; as, a ball enters into the body; water enters into a ship; he enters into the plan; to enter into a quarrel; a merchant enters into partnership with some one; to enter upon another's land; the boy enters on his tenth year; to enter upon a task; lead enters into the composition of pewter.>
Enter (v. i.) To penetrate mentally; to consider attentively; -- with into.
Enterotome (n.) A kind of scissors used for opening the intestinal canal, as in post-mortem examinations.
Envelop (n.) The nebulous covering of the head or nucleus of a comet; -- called also coma.
Ephemeral (a.) Short-lived; existing or continuing for a short time only.
Erne (n.) A sea eagle, esp. the European white-tailed sea eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla).
Erse (n.) A name sometimes given to that dialect of the Celtic which is spoken in the Highlands of Scotland; -- called, by the Highlanders, Gaelic.
Essential (a.) Necessary; indispensable; -- said of those tones which constitute a chord, in distinction from ornamental or passing tones.
Ethenyl (n.) A univalent hydrocarbon radical of the ethylene series, CH2:CH; -- called also vinyl. See Vinyl.
Etheostomoid (n.) Any fish of the genus Etheostoma and related genera, allied to the perches; -- also called darter. The etheostomoids are small and often bright-colored fishes inhabiting the fresh waters of North America. About seventy species are known. See Darter.
Etherin (n.) A white, crystalEutectic (a.) Of maximum fusibility; -- said of an alloy or mixture which has the lowest melting point which it is possible to obtain by the combination of the given components.
Eugenic (a.) Well-born; of high birth.
Eugenin (n.) A colorless, crystalEupepsy (n.) Soundness of the nutritive or digestive organs; good concoction or digestion; -- opposed to dyspepsia.
Exceed (v. t.) To go beyond; to proceed beyond the given or supposed limit or measure of; to outgo; to surpass; -- used both in a good and a bad sense; as, one man exceeds another in bulk, stature, weight, power, skill, etc.; one offender exceeds another in villainy; his rank exceeds yours.
Excellence (n.) A title of honor or respect; -- more common in the form excellency.
Excellent (a.) Superior in kind or degree, irrespective of moral quality; -- used with words of a bad significance.
Excellently (adv.) In a high or superior degree; -- in this literal use, not implying worthiness.
Excentrical (a.) One-sided; having the normally central portion not in the true center.
Except (v. i.) To take exception; to object; -- usually followed by to, sometimes by against; as, to except to a witness or his testimony.
Exception (n.) An objection; cavil; dissent; disapprobation; offense; cause of offense; -- usually followed by to or against.
Exfetation (n) Imperfect fetation in some organ exterior to the uterus; extra-uterine fetation.
Expect (v. t.) To look for (mentally); to look forward to, as to something that is believed to be about to happen or come; to have a previous apprehension of, whether of good or evil; to look for with some confidence; to anticipate; -- often followed by an infinitive, sometimes by a clause (with, or without, that); as, I expect to receive wages; I expect that the troops will be defeated.
Expediency (n.) The quality of being expedient or advantageous; fitness or suitableness to effect a purpose intended; adaptedness to self-interest; desirableness; advantage; advisability; -- sometimes contradistinguished from moral rectitude.
Expedient (a.) Hastening or forward; hence, tending to further or promote a proposed object; fit or proper under the circumstances; conducive to self-interest; desirable; advisable; advantageous; -- sometimes contradistinguished from right.
Expense (n.) That which is expended, laid out, or consumed; cost; outlay; charge; -- sometimes with the notion of loss or damage to those on whom the expense falls; as, the expenses of war; an expense of time.
Experientialism (n.) The doctrine that experience, either that ourselves or of others, is the test or criterion of general knowledge; -- opposed to intuitionists.
Experiment (v. t.) To make experiment; to operate by test or trial; -- often with on, upon, or in, referring to the subject of an experiment; with, referring to the instrument; and by, referring to the means; as, to experiment upon electricity; he experimented in plowing with ponies, or by steam power.
Extemporaneous (a.) Composed, performed, or uttered on the spur of the moment, or without previous study; unpremeditated; off-hand; extempore; extemporary; as, an extemporaneous address or production.
Extemporize (v. t.) To do, make, or utter extempore or off-hand; to prepare in great haste, under urgent necessity, or with scanty or unsuitable materials; as, to extemporize a dinner, a costume, etc.
Extensible (a.) Capable of being extended, whether in length or breadth; susceptible of enlargement; extensible; extendible; -- the opposite of contractible or compressible.
Extension (v. t.) Capacity of a concept or general term to include a greater or smaller number of objects; -- correlative of intension.
Extensor (n.) A muscle which serves to extend or straighten any part of the body, as an arm or a finger; -- opposed to flexor.
Extenuate (v. t.) To lessen; to palliate; to lessen or weaken the force of; to diminish the conception of, as crime, guilt, faults, ills, accusations, etc.; -- opposed to aggravate.
Exterior (a.) External; outward; pertaining to that which is external; -- opposed to interior; as, the exterior part of a sphere.
External (a.) Outward; exterior; relating to the outside, as of a body; being without; acting from without; -- opposed to internal; as, the external form or surface of a body.
External (n.) Something external or without; outward part; that which makes a show, rather than that which is intrinsic; visible form; -- usually in the plural.
Externe (n.) An officer in attendance upon a hospital, but not residing in it; esp., one who cares for the out-patients.
Faced (a.) Having (such) a face, or (so many) faces; as, smooth-faced, two-faced.
Faser (n.) One who faces; one who puts on a false show; a bold-faced person.
Fare (n.) To happen well, or ill; -- used impersonally; as, we shall see how it will fare with him.
Farewell (interj.) Go well; good-by; adieu; -- originally applied to a person departing, but by custom now applied both to those who depart and those who remain. It is often separated by the pronoun; as, fare you well; and is sometimes used as an expression of separation only; as, farewell the year; farewell, ye sweet groves; that is, I bid you farewell.
Farewell (n.) A wish of happiness or welfare at parting; the parting compliment; a good-by; adieu.
Farewell (n.) Act of departure; leave-taking; a last look at, or reference to something.
Fere (n.) A mate or companion; -- often used of a wife.
Feverfew (n.) A perennial plant (Pyrethrum, / Chrysanthemum, Parthenium) allied to camomile, having finely divided leaves and white blossoms; -- so named from its supposed febrifugal qualities.
Fice (n.) A small dog; -- written also fise, fyce, fiste, etc.
File (n.) A row of soldiers ranged one behind another; -- in contradistinction to rank, which designates a row of soldiers standing abreast; a number consisting the depth of a body of troops, which, in the ordinary modern formation, consists of two men, the battalion standing two deep, or in two ranks.
File (v. i.) To march in a file or Filefish (n.) Any plectognath fish of the genera Monacanthus, Alutera, balistes, and allied genera; -- so called on account of the roughly granulated skin, which is sometimes used in place of sandpaper.
Firecrest (n.) A small European kinglet (Regulus ignicapillus), having a bright red crest; -- called also fire-crested wren.
Fireflaire (n.) A European sting ray of the genus Trygon (T. pastinaca); -- called also fireflare and fiery flaw.
Firestone (n.) A stone which will bear the heat of a furnace without injury; -- especially applied to the sandstone at the top of the upper greensand in the south of England, used for lining kilns and furnaces.
Firetail (n.) The European redstart; -- called also fireflirt.
Firewarden (n.) An officer who has authority to direct in the extinguishing of fires, or to order what precautions shall be taken against fires; -- called also fireward.
Fireweed (n.) The great willow-herb (Epilobium spicatum).
Fireworm (n.) The larva of a small tortricid moth which eats the leaves of the cranberry, so that the vines look as if burned; -- called also cranberry worm.
Fisetin (n.) A yellow crystalFives (n. pl.) A kind of play with a ball against a wall, resembling tennis; -- so named because three fives, or fifteen, are counted to the game.
Fixed (a.) Stable; non-volatile.
Fleet (v. i.) To move or change in position; -- said of persons; as, the crew fleeted aft.
Flee (v. i.) To run away, as from danger or evil; to avoid in an alarmed or cowardly manner; to hasten off; -- usually with from. This is sometimes omitted, making the verb transitive.
Fleet (n. & a.) To slip on the whelps or the barrel of a capstan or windlass; -- said of a cable or hawser.
Fleet (v. t.) To draw apart the blocks of; -- said of a tackle.
Fleet (v. i.) A flood; a creek or inlet; a bay or estuary; a river; -- obsolete, except as a place name, -- as Fleet Street in London.
Flue (n.) A pipe or passage for conveying flame and hot gases through surrounding water in a boiler; -- distinguished from a tube which holds water and is surrounded by fire. Small flues are called fire tubes or simply tubes.
Fluent (a.) Ready in the use of words; voluble; copious; having words at command; and uttering them with facility and smoothness; as, a fluent speaker; hence, flowing; voluble; smooth; -- said of language; as, fluent speech.
Fluent (n.) A variable quantity, considered as increasing or diminishing; -- called, in the modern calculus, the function or integral.
Fluework (n.) A general name for organ stops in which the sound is caused by wind passing through a flue or fissure and striking an edge above; -- in distinction from reedwork.
Flyer (n.) The pair of arms attached to the spindle of a spinning frame, over which the thread passes to the bobbin; -- so called from their swift revolution. See Fly, n., 11.
Foment (n.) State of excitation; -- perh. confused with ferment.
Foment (v. t.) To nurse to life or activity; to cherish and promote by excitements; to encourage; to abet; to instigate; -- used often in a bad sense; as, to foment ill humors.
Fore (adv.) Advanced, as compared with something else; toward the front; being or coming first, in time, place, order, or importance; preceding; anterior; antecedent; earlier; forward; -- opposed to back or behind; as, the fore part of a garment; the fore part of the day; the fore and of a wagon.
Fore (prep.) Before; -- sometimes written 'fore as if a contraction of afore or before.
Forefoot (n.) One of the anterior feet of a quardruped or multiped; -- usually written fore foot.
Forego (v. t.) To relinquish the enjoyment or advantage of; to give up; to resign; to renounce; -- said of a thing already enjoyed, or of one within reach, or anticipated.
Forego (v. i.) To go before; to precede; -- used especially in the present and past participles.
Foregoer (n.) A purveyor of the king; -- so called, formerly, from going before to provide for his household.
Foreground (n.) On a painting, and sometimes in a bas-relief, mosaic picture, or the like, that part of the scene represented, which is nearest to the spectator, and therefore occupies the lowest part of the work of art itself. Cf. Distance, n., 6.
Foreign (a.) Remote; distant; strange; not belonging; not connected; not pertaining or pertient; not appropriate; not harmonious; not agreeable; not congenial; -- with to or from; as, foreign to the purpose; foreign to one's nature.
Forelock (n.) A cotter or split pin, as in a slot in a bolt, to prevent retraction; a linchpin; a pin fastening the cap-square of a gun.
Foresail (n.) The sail bent to the foreyard of a square-rigged vessel, being the lowest sail on the foremast.
Forestaff (n.) An instrument formerly used at sea for taking the altitudes of heavenly bodies, now superseded by the sextant; -- called also cross-staff.
Forestall (v. t.) To deprive; -- with of.
Forester (n.) A lepidopterous insect belonging to Alypia and allied genera; as, the eight-spotted forester (A. octomaculata), which in the larval state is injurious to the grapevine.
Forewit (n.) A leader, or would-be leader, in matters of knowledge or taste.
Foxed (a.) Discolored or stained; -- said of timber, and also of the paper of books or engravings.
Freewheel (v. i.) To operate like a freewheel, so that one part moves freely over another which normally moves with it; -- said of a clutch.
Friendly (n.) A friendly person; -- usually applied to natives friendly to foreign settlers or invaders.
Free (superl.) Not subjected to the laws of physical necessity; capable of voluntary activity; endowed with moral liberty; -- said of the will.
Free (superl.) Unrestrained; immoderate; lavish; licentious; -- used in a bad sense.
Free (superl.) Not close or parsimonious; liberal; open-handed; lavish; as, free with his money.
Free (superl.) Exempt; clear; released; liberated; not encumbered or troubled with; as, free from pain; free from a burden; -- followed by from, or, rarely, by of.
Free (superl.) Invested with a particular freedom or franchise; enjoying certain immunities or privileges; admitted to special rights; -- followed by of.
Free (superl.) Thrown open, or made accessible, to all; to be enjoyed without limitations; unrestricted; not obstructed, engrossed, or appropriated; open; -- said of a thing to be possessed or enjoyed; as, a free school.
Free (superl.) Not arbitrary or despotic; assuring liberty; defending individual rights against encroachment by any person or class; instituted by a free people; -- said of a government, institutions, etc.
Free (a.) To make free; to set at liberty; to rid of that which confines, limits, embarrasses, oppresses, etc.; to release; to disengage; to clear; -- followed by from, and sometimes by off; as, to free a captive or a slave; to be freed of these inconveniences.
Freestone (n.) A stone composed of sand or grit; -- so called because it is easily cut or wrought.
Friended (a.) IncFume (n.) Rage or excitement which deprives the mind of self-control; as, the fumes of passion.
Fumet (n.) A high-flavored substance, such as extract of game, for flavoring dishes of food; less properly, a ragout of partridge and rabbit braised in wine.
Funeral (n.) The solemn rites used in the disposition of a dead human body, whether such disposition be by interment, burning, or otherwise; esp., the ceremony or solemnization of interment; obsequies; burial; -- formerly used in the plural.
Funeral (n.) A funeral sermon; -- usually in the plural.
Fuse (n.) A tube or casing filled with combustible matter, by means of which a charge of powder is ignited, as in blasting; -- called also fuzee. See Fuze.
Fyke (n.) A long bag net distended by hoops, into which fish can pass easily, without being able to return; -- called also fyke net.
Gade (n.) A pike, so called at Moray Firth; -- called also gead.
Gametophyte (n.) In the alternation of generations in plants, that generation or phase which bears sex organs. In the lower plants, as the algae, the gametophyte is the conspicuous part of the plant body; in mosses it is the so-called moss plant; in ferns it is reduced to a small, early perishing body; and in seed plants it is usually microscopic or rudimentary.
Galea (n.) The upper lip or helmet-shaped part of a labiate flower.
Galea (n.) A genus of fossil echini, having a vaulted, helmet-shaped shell.
Galeated (a.) Helmeted; having a helmetlike part, as a crest, a flower, etc.; helmet-shaped.
Game (n.) To rejoice; to be pleased; -- often used, in Old English, impersonally with dative.
Gape (v. i.) To long, wait eagerly, or cry aloud for something; -- with for, after, or at.
Gaper (n.) A large edible clam (Schizothaerus Nuttalli), of the Pacific coast; -- called also gaper clam.
Gatepost (n.) A post to which a gate is hung; -- called also swinging / hinging post.
Gatepost (n.) A post against which a gate closes; -- called also shutting post.
Gayety (a.) The state of being gay; merriment; mirth; acts or entertainments prompted by, or inspiring, merry delight; -- used often in the plural; as, the gayeties of the season.
Gazelle (n.) One of several small, swift, elegantly formed species of antelope, of the genus Gazella, esp. G. dorcas; -- called also algazel, corinne, korin, and kevel. The gazelles are celebrated for the luster and soft expression of their eyes.
General (a.) The whole; the total; that which comprehends or relates to all, or the chief part; -- opposed to particular.
Generalissimo (a.) The chief commander of an army; especially, the commander in chief of an army consisting of two or more grand divisions under separate commanders; -- a title used in most foreign countries.
Generalship (n.) The office of a general; the exercise of the functions of a general; -- sometimes, with the possessive pronoun, the personality of a general.
Generator (n.) The principal sound or sounds by which others are produced; the fundamental note or root of the common chord; -- called also generating tone.
Generatrix (n.) That which generates; the point, or the mathematical magnitude, which, by its motion, generates another magnitude, as a Generical (a.) Very comprehensive; pertaining or appropriate to large classes or their characteristics; -- opposed to specific.
Generosity (n.) The quality of being noble; noble-mindedness.
Generous (a.) Open-handed; free to give; not close or niggardly; munificent; as, a generous friend or father.
Genesis (n.) The first book of the Old Testament; -- so called by the Greek translators, from its containing the history of the creation of the world and of the human race.
Genet (n.) A small-sized, well-proportioned, Spanish horse; a jennet.
Geneva (n.) A strongly alcoholic liquor, flavored with juniper berries; -- made in Holland; Holland gin; Hollands.
Gibel (n.) A kind of carp (Cyprinus gibelio); -- called also Prussian carp. Gieseckite (n.) A mineral occurring in greenish gray six-sided prisms, having a greasy luster. It is probably a pseudomorph after elaeolite.
Give (n.) To set forth as a known quantity or a known relation, or as a premise from which to reason; -- used principally in the passive form given.
Give (n.) To cause; to make; -- with the infinitive; as, to give one to understand, to know, etc.
Given (v.) Disposed; incGleek (n.) Three of the same cards held in the same hand; -- hence, three of anything.
Gobelin (a.) Pertaining to tapestry produced in the so-called Gobelin works, which have been maintained by the French Government since 1667.
Gome (n.) The black grease on the axle of a cart or wagon wheel; -- called also gorm. See Gorm.
Gomer (n.) A conical chamber at the breech of the bore in heavy ordnance, especially in mortars; -- named after the inventor.
Governess (n.) A female governor; a woman invested with authority to control and direct; especially, one intrusted with the care and instruction of children, -- usually in their homes.
Gree (n.) Good will; favor; pleasure; satisfaction; -- used esp. in such phrases as: to take in gree; to accept in gree; that is, to take favorably.
Greedy (superl.) Having a keen appetite for food or drink; ravenous; voracious; very hungry; -- followed by of; as, a lion that is greedy of his prey.
Green (n.) Fresh leaves or branches of trees or other plants; wreaths; -- usually in the plural.
Greenback (n.) One of the legal tender notes of the United States; -- first issued in 1862, and having the devices on the back printed with green ink, to prevent alterations and counterfeits.
Greenfinch (n.) A European finch (Ligurinus chloris); -- called also green bird, green linnet, green grosbeak, green olf, greeny, and peasweep.
Greening (n.) A greenish apple, of several varieties, among which the Rhode Island greening is the best known for its fine-grained acid flesh and its excellent keeping quality.
Greenshank (n.) A European sandpiper or snipe (Totanus canescens); -- called also greater plover.
Grieve (v. i.) To feel grief; to be in pain of mind on account of an evil; to sorrow; to mourn; -- often followed by at, for, or over.
Gybe (v. t. & i.) To shift from one side of a vessel to the other; -- said of the boom of a fore-and-aft sail when the vessel is steered off the wind until the sail fills on the opposite side.
Habendum (n.) That part of a deed which follows the part called the premises, and determines the extent of the interest or estate granted; -- so called because it begins with the word Habendum.
Hade (v. i.) To deviate from the vertical; -- said of a vein, fault, or lode.
Halesia (n.) A genus of American shrubs containing several species, called snowdrop trees, or silver-bell trees. They have showy, white flowers, drooping on slender pedicels.
Harebell (n.) A small, slender, branching plant (Campanula rotundifolia), having blue bell-shaped flowers; also, Scilla nutans, which has similar flowers; -- called also bluebell.
Harefoot (n.) A long, narrow foot, carried (that is, produced or extending) forward; -- said of dogs.
Hareld (n.) The long-tailed duck.
Harengiform (a.) Herring-shaped.
Hate (v.) Strong aversion coupled with desire that evil should befall the person toward whom the feeling is directed; as exercised toward things, intense dislike; hatred; detestation; -- opposed to love.
Have (v. t.) To take or hold (one's self); to proceed promptly; -- used reflexively, often with ellipsis of the pronoun; as, to have after one; to have at one or at a thing, i. e., to aim at one or at a thing; to attack; to have with a companion.
Haversack (n.) A bag or case, usually of stout cloth, in which a soldier carries his rations when on a march; -- distinguished from knapsack.
Haze (v. t.) To harass or annoy by playing abusive or shameful tricks upon; to humiliate by practical jokes; -- used esp. of college students; as, the sophomores hazed a freshman.
Heteroecious (a.) Passing through the different stages in its life history on an alternation of hosts, as the common wheat-rust fungus (Puccinia graminis), and certain other parasitic fungi; -- contrasted with autoecious.
Hederiferous (a.) Producing ivy; ivy-bearing.
Hegelism (n.) The system of logic and philosophy set forth by Hegel, a German writer (1770-1831).
Hegemony (n.) Leadership; preponderant influence or authority; -- usually applied to the relation of a government or state to its neighbors or confederates.
Here (adv.) In this place; in the place where the speaker is; -- opposed to there.
Hereford (n.) One of a breed of cattle originating in Herefordshire, England. The Herefords are good working animals, and their beef-producing quality is excellent.
Heresy (n.) An opinion held in opposition to the established or commonly received doctrine, and tending to promote a division or party, as in politics, literature, philosophy, etc.; -- usually, but not necessarily, said in reproach.
Hetercephalous (a.) Bearing two kinds of heads or capitula; -- said of certain composite plants.
Heterodont (a.) Having the teeth differentiated into incisors, canines, and molars, as in man; -- opposed to homodont.
Heterodox (a.) Contrary to, or differing from, some acknowledged standard, as the Bible, the creed of a church, the decree of a council, and the like; not orthodox; heretical; -- said of opinions, doctrines, books, etc., esp. upon theological subjects.
Heterodox (a.) Holding heterodox opinions, or doctrines not orthodox; heretical; -- said of persons.
Heterodromous (a.) Moving in opposite directions; -- said of a lever, pulley, etc., in which the resistance and the actuating force are on opposite sides of the fulcrum or axis.
Heterogamy (n.) The process of fertilization in plants by an indirect or circuitous method; -- opposed to orthogamy.
Heterogamy (n.) That form of alternate generation in which two kinds of sexual generation, or a sexual and a parthenogenetic generation, alternate; -- in distinction from metagenesis, where sexual and asexual generations alternate.
Heterogangliate (a.) Having the ganglia of the nervous system unsymmetrically arranged; -- said of certain invertebrate animals.
Heterogeneous (a.) Differing in kind; having unlike qualities; possessed of different characteristics; dissimilar; -- opposed to homogeneous, and said of two or more connected objects, or of a conglomerate mass, considered in respect to the parts of which it is made up.
Heterogenesis (n.) That method of reproduction in which the successive generations differ from each other, the parent organism producing offspring different in habit and structure from itself, the original form, however, reappearing after one or more generations; -- opposed to homogenesis, or gamogenesis.
Heterographic (a.) Employing the same letters to represent different sounds in different words or syllables; -- said of methods of spelling; as, the ordinary English orthography is heterographic.
Heterogynous (a.) Having females very unlike the males in form and structure; -- as certain insects, the males of which are winged, and the females wingless.
Heterologous (a.) Characterized by heterology; consisting of different elements, or of like elements in different proportions; different; -- opposed to homologous; as, heterologous organs.
Heterology (n.) The absence of correspondence, or relation, in type of structure; lack of analogy between parts, owing to their being composed of different elements, or of like elements in different proportions; variation in structure from the normal form; -- opposed to homology.
Heteromerous (a.) Having the femoral artery developed as the principal artery of the leg; -- said of certain birds, as the cotingas and pipras.
Heteromorphic (a.) Deviating from the normal, perfect, or mature form; having different forms at different stages of existence, or in different individuals of the same species; -- applied especially to insects in which there is a wide difference of form between the larva and the adult, and to plants having more than one form of flower.
Heteronereis (n.) A free-swimming, dimorphic, sexual form of certain species of Nereis.
Heteronomy (n.) Subordination or subjection to the law of another; political subjection of a community or state; -- opposed to autonomy.
Heteronym (n.) That which is heteronymous; a thing having a different name or designation from some other thing; -- opposed to homonym.
Heterophemy (n.) The unconscious saying, in speech or in writing, of that which one does not intend to say; -- frequently the very reverse of the thought which is present to consciousness.
Heteroscian (n.) One who lives either north or south of the tropics, as contrasted with one who lives on the other side of them; -- so called because at noon the shadows always fall in opposite directions (the one northward, the other southward).
Heterotopy (n.) A deviation from the natural position; -- a term applied in the case of organs or growths which are abnormal in situation.
Hexeikosane (n.) A hydrocarbon, C26H54, resembling paraffine; -- so called because each molecule has twenty-six atoms of carbon.
Hide (n.) The skin of an animal, either raw or dressed; -- generally applied to the undressed skins of the larger domestic animals, as oxen, horses, etc.
Hide (n.) The human skin; -- so called in contempt.
Hidebound (a.) Having the skin adhering so closely to the ribs and back as not to be easily loosened or raised; -- said of an animal.
Hidebound (a.) Having the bark so close and constricting that it impedes the growth; -- said of trees.
Hire (n.) To grant the temporary use of, for compensation; to engage to give the service of, for a price; to let; to lease; -- now usually with out, and often reflexively; as, he has hired out his horse, or his time.
Homely (n.) Of plain or coarse features; uncomely; -- contrary to handsome.
Homelyn (n.) The European sand ray (Raia maculata); -- called also home, mirror ray, and rough ray.
Homer (n.) A Hebrew measure containing, as a liquid measure, ten baths, equivalent to fifty-five gallons, two quarts, one pint; and, as a dry measure, ten ephahs, equivalent to six bushels, two pecks, four quarts.
Honest (a.) Characterized by integrity or fairness and straight/forwardness in conduct, thought, speech, etc.; upright; just; equitable; trustworthy; truthful; sincere; free from fraud, guile, or duplicity; not false; -- said of persons and acts, and of things to which a moral quality is imputed; as, an honest judge or merchant; an honest statement; an honest bargain; an honest business; an honest book; an honest confession.
Honesty (a.) Satin flower; the name of two cruciferous herbs having large flat pods, the round shining partitions of which are more beautiful than the blossom; -- called also lunary and moonwort. Lunaria biennis is common honesty; L. rediva is perennial honesty.
Honewort (n.) An umbelliferous plant of the genus Sison (S. Amomum); -- so called because used to cure a swelling called a hone.
Honey (n.) Sweet one; -- a term of endearment.
Honeycomb (n.) Any substance, as a easting of iron, a piece of worm-eaten wood, or of triple, etc., perforated with cells like a honeycomb.
Hope (v. i.) To entertain or indulge hope; to cherish a desire of good, or of something welcome, with expectation of obtaining it or belief that it is obtainable; to expect; -- usually followed by for.
Hope (v. i.) To place confidence; to trust with confident expectation of good; -- usually followed by in.
Hose (n.) Close-fitting trousers or breeches, as formerly worn, reaching to the knee.
Huge (superl.) Very large; enormous; immense; excessive; -- used esp. of material bulk, but often of qualities, extent, etc.; as, a huge ox; a huge space; a huge difference.
Hymenium (n.) The spore-bearing surface of certain fungi, as that on the gills of a mushroom.
Hypethral (a.) Exposed to the air; wanting a roof; -- applied to a building or part of a building.
Hyperapophysis (n.) A lateral and backward-projecting process on the dorsal side of a vertebra.
Hypercarbureted (a.) Having an excessive proportion of carbonic acid; -- said of bicarbonates or acid carbonates.
Hypericum (n.) A genus of plants, generally with dotted leaves and yellow flowers; -- called also St. John's-wort.
Hypermetropy (n.) A condition of the eye in which, through shortness of the eyeball or fault of the refractive media, the rays of light come to a focus behind the retina; farsightedness; -- called also hyperopia. Cf. Emmetropia.
Hyperoxygenized (a.) Combined with a relatively large amount of oxygen; -- said of higher oxides.
Hypernoea (n.) Abnormal breathing, due to slightly deficient arterialization of the blood; -- in distinction from eupnoea. See Eupnoea, and Dispnoea.
Hypertrophy (n.) A condition of overgrowth or excessive development of an organ or part; -- the opposite of atrophy.
Ibsenism (n.) The dramatic practice or purpose characteristic of the writings of Henrik Ibsen (1828-1906), Norwegian poet and dramatist, whose best-known plays deal with conventional hypocrisies, the story in each play thus developing a definite moral problem.
Idle (superl.) Light-headed; foolish.
Idle (v. t.) To spend in idleness; to waste; to consume; -- often followed by away; as, to idle away an hour a day.
Imbecile (a.) Destitute of strength, whether of body or mind; feeble; impotent; esp., mentally wea; feeble-minded; as, hospitals for the imbecile and insane.
Immediately (adv.) In an immediate manner; without intervention of any other person or thing; proximately; directly; -- opposed to mediately; as, immediately contiguous.
Immersion (n.) The dissapearance of a celestail body, by passing either behind another, as in the occultation of a star, or into its shadow, as in the eclipse of a satellite; -- opposed to emersion.
Imperator (n.) A commander; a leader; an emperor; -- originally an appellation of honor by which Roman soldiers saluted their general after an important victory. Subsequently the title was conferred as a recognition of great military achievements by the senate, whence it carried wiht it some special privileges. After the downfall of the Republic it was assumed by Augustus and his successors, and came to have the meaning now attached to the word emperor.
Imperial (n.) The tuft of hair on a man's lower lip and chin; -- so called from the style of beard of Napoleon III.
Impedance (n.) The apparent resistance in an electric circuit to the flow of an alternating current, analogous to the actual electrical resistance to a direct current, being the ratio of electromotive force to the current. It is equal to R2 + X2, where R = ohmic resistance, X = reactance. For an inductive circuit, X = 2/fL, where f = frequency and L = self-inductance; for a circuit with capacity X = 1 / 2/fC, where C = capacity.
Intensive (a.) Designating, or pertaining to, any system of farming or horticulture, usually practiced on small pieces of land, in which the soil is thoroughly worked and fertilized so as to get as much return as possible; -- opposed to extensive.
Interferometer (n.) An instrument for measuring small movements, distances, or displacements by means of the interference of two beams of light; -- called also refractometer.
Inceptive (a.) Beginning; expressing or indicating beginning; as, an inceptive proposition; an inceptive verb, which expresses the beginning of action; -- called also inchoative.
Inde (a.) Azure-colored; of a bright blue color.
Indebt (v. t.) To bring into debt; to place under obligation; -- chiefly used in the participle indebted.
Indeed (adv.) In reality; in truth; in fact; verily; truly; -- used in a variety of sense. Esp.: (a) Denoting emphasis; as, indeed it is so. (b) Denoting concession or admission; as, indeed, you are right. (c) Denoting surprise; as, indeed, is it you? Its meaning is not intrinsic or fixed, but depends largely on the form of expression which it accompanies.
Indefinite (a.) Too numerous or variable to make a particular enumeration important; -- said of the parts of a flower, and the like. Also, indeterminate.
Independence (n.) The state or quality of being independent; freedom from dependence; exemption from reliance on, or control by, others; self-subsistence or maintenance; direction of one's own affairs without interference.
Independent (a.) Not subject to bias or influence; not obsequious; self-directing; as, a man of an independent mind.
Independent (a.) Not dependent upon another quantity in respect to value or rate of variation; -- said of quantities or functions.
Independent (n.) One who believes that an organized Christian church is complete in itself, competent to self-government, and independent of all ecclesiastical authority.
Index (n.) That which guides, points out, informs, or directs; a pointer or a hand that directs to anything, as the hand of a watch, a movable finger on a gauge, scale, or other graduated instrument. In printing, a sign used to direct particular attention to a note or paragraph; -- called also fist.
Index (n.) A table for facilitating reference to topics, names, and the like, in a book; -- usually alphabetical in arrangement, and printed at the end of the volume.
Inee (n.) An arrow poison, made from an apocynaceous plant (Strophanthus hispidus) of the Gaboon country; -- called also onaye.
Inferior (a.) Situated below some other organ; -- said of a calyx when free from the ovary, and therefore below it, or of an ovary with an adherent and therefore inferior calyx.
Ingenuous (a.) Noble; generous; magnanimous; honorable; upright; high-minded; as, an ingenuous ardor or zeal.
Ingesta (n. pl.) That which is introduced into the body by the stomach or alimentary canal; -- opposed to egesta.
Inject (v. t.) To cast or throw; -- with on.
Injection (n.) The act of injecting or throwing in; -- applied particularly to the forcible throwing in of a liquid, or aeriform body, by means of a syringe, pump, etc.
Injector (n.) A contrivance for forcing feed water into a steam boiler by the direct action of the steam upon the water. The water is driven into the boiler by the impulse of a jet of the steam which becomes condensed as soon as it strikes the stream of cold water it impels; -- also called Giffard's injector, from the inventor.
Insect (n.) Any air-breathing arthropod, as a spider or scorpion.
Insecta (n. pl.) One of the classes of Arthropoda, including those that have one pair of antennae, three pairs of mouth organs, and breathe air by means of tracheae, opening by spiracles along the sides of the body. In this sense it includes the Hexapoda, or six-legged insects and the Myriapoda, with numerous legs. See Insect, n.
Insectivora (n. pl.) A division of the Cheiroptera, including the common or insect-eating bats.
Insensible (a.) Not susceptible of emotion or passion; void of feeling; apathetic; unconcerned; indifferent; as, insensible to danger, fear, love, etc.; -- often used with of or to.
Inseparable (a.) Invariably attached to some word, stem, or root; as, the inseparable particle un-.
Inserted (a.) Situated upon, attached to, or growing out of, some part; -- said especially of the parts of the flower; as, the calyx, corolla, and stamens of many flowers are inserted upon the receptacle.
Insertion (n.) The point or part by which a muscle or tendon is attached to the part to be moved; -- in contradistinction to its origin.
Inset (n.) One or more separate leaves inserted in a volume before binding; as: (a) A portion of the printed sheet in certain sizes of books which is cut off before folding, and set into the middle of the folded sheet to complete the succession of paging; -- also called offcut. (b) A page or pages of advertisements inserted.
Integrity (n.) Moral soundness; honesty; freedom from corrupting influence or motive; -- used especially with reference to the fulfillment of contracts, the discharge of agencies, trusts, and the like; uprightness; rectitude.
Intelligence (n.) An intelligent being or spirit; -- generally applied to pure spirits; as, a created intelligence.
Intend (v. t.) To fix the mind upon (something to be accomplished); to be intent upon; to mean; to design; to plan; to purpose; -- often followed by an infinitely with to, or a dependent clause with that; as, he intends to go; he intends that she shall remain.
Intension (n.) The collective attributes, qualities, or marks that make up a complex general notion; the comprehension, content, or connotation; -- opposed to extension, extent, or sphere.
Intent (a.) Closely directed; strictly attentive; bent; -- said of the mind, thoughts, etc.; as, a mind intent on self-improvement.
Intent (a.) Having the mind closely directed to or bent on an object; sedulous; eager in pursuit of an object; -- formerly with to, but now with on; as, intent on business or pleasure.
Intentioned (a.) Having designs; -- chiefly used in composition; as, well-intentioned, having good designs; ill-intentioned, having ill designs.
Intercalary (a.) Inserted or introduced among others in the calendar; as, an intercalary month, day, etc.; -- now applied particularly to the odd day (Feb. 29) inserted in the calendar of leap year. See Bissextile, n.
Intercede (v. i.) To act between parties with a view to reconcile differences; to make intercession; to beg or plead in behalf of another; to mediate; -- usually followed by with and for; as, I will intercede with him for you.
IntercolIntercrural (a.) Between crura; -- applied especially to the interneural plates in the vertebral column of many cartilaginous fishes.
Interest (n.) To be concerned with or engaged in; to affect; to concern; to excite; -- often used impersonally.
Interest (n.) Premium paid for the use of money, -- usually reckoned as a percentage; as, interest at five per cent per annum on ten thousand dollars.
Interfere (v. i.) To strike one foot against the opposite foot or ankle in using the legs; -- sometimes said of a human being, but usually of a horse; as, the horse interferes.
Interfere (v. i.) To act reciprocally, so as to augment, diminish, or otherwise affect one another; -- said of waves, rays of light, heat, etc. See Interference, 2.
Interfretted (a.) Interlaced; linked together; -- said of charges or bearings. See Fretted.
Interglobular (a.) Between globules; -- applied esp. to certain small spaces, surrounded by minute globules, in dentine.
Interior (a.) Being within any limits, inclosure, or substance; inside; internal; inner; -- opposed to exterior, or superficial; as, the interior apartments of a house; the interior surface of a hollow ball.
Intermarry (v. i.) To become connected by marriage between their members; to give and take mutually in marriage; -- said of families, ranks, castes, etc.
Intermediary (n.) One who, or that which, is intermediate; an interagent; a go-between.
Internal (a.) Inward; interior; being within any limit or surface; inclosed; -- opposed to external; as, the internal parts of a body, or of the earth.
Internment (n.) Confinement within narrow limits, -- as of foreign troops, to the interior of a country.
Internuncial (a.) Communicating or transmitting impressions between different parts of the body; -- said of the nervous system.
Interosculant (a.) Uniting two groups; -- said of certain genera which connect family groups, or of species that connect genera. See Osculant.
Interpellate (v. t.) To question imperatively, as a minister, or other executive officer, in explanation of his conduct; -- generally on the part of a legislative body.
Interpret (v. t.) To explain or tell the meaning of; to expound; to translate orally into intelligible or familiar language or terms; to decipher; to define; -- applied esp. to language, but also to dreams, signs, conduct, mysteries, etc.; as, to interpret the Hebrew language to an Englishman; to interpret an Indian speech.
Interradial (a.) Between the radii, or rays; -- in zoology, said of certain parts of radiate animals; as, the interradial plates of a starfish.
Interrupted (a.) Irregular; -- said of any arrangement whose symmetry is destroyed by local causes, as when leaflets are interposed among the leaves in a pinnate leaf.
Interscendent (a.) Having exponents which are radical quantities; -- said of certain powers; as, x?2, or x?a.
Intersternal (a.) Between the sternal; -- said of certain membranes or parts of insects and crustaceans.
Intervene (v. i.) To come between, or to be between, persons or things; -- followed by between; as, the Mediterranean intervenes between Europe and Africa.
Intestine (a.) Internal; inward; -- opposed to external.
Intestine (a.) Internal with regard to a state or country; domestic; not foreign; -- applied usually to that which is evil; as, intestine disorders, calamities, etc.
Invected (a.) Having a border or outInvective (n.) An expression which inveighs or rails against a person; a severe or violent censure or reproach; something uttered or written, intended to cast opprobrium, censure, or reproach on another; a harsh or reproachful accusation; -- followed by against, having reference to the person or thing affected; as an invective against tyranny.
Inveigh (v. i.) To declaim or rail (against some person or thing); to utter censorious and bitter language; to attack with harsh criticism or reproach, either spoken or written; to use invectives; -- with against; as, to inveigh against character, conduct, manners, customs, morals, a law, an abuse.
Invent (v. t.) To discover, as by study or inquiry; to find out; to devise; to contrive or produce for the first time; -- applied commonly to the discovery of some serviceable mode, instrument, or machine.
Invent (v. t.) To frame by the imagination; to fabricate mentally; to forge; -- in a good or a bad sense; as, to invent the machinery of a poem; to invent a falsehood.
Inverse (a.) Opposite in order, relation, or effect; reversed; inverted; reciprocal; -- opposed to direct.
Inverse (a.) Opposite in nature and effect; -- said with reference to any two operations, which, when both are performed in succession upon any quantity, reproduce that quantity; as, multiplication is the inverse operation to division. The symbol of an inverse operation is the symbol of the direct operation with -1 as an index. Thus sin-1 x means the arc whose sine is x.
Inversely (adv.) In an inverse order or manner; by inversion; -- opposed to directly.
Invert (v. t.) To change the position of; -- said of tones which form a chord, or parts which compose harmony.
Invest (v. t.) To put garments on; to clothe; to dress; to array; -- opposed to divest. Usually followed by with, sometimes by in; as, to invest one with a robe.
Invest (v. i.) To make an investment; as, to invest in stocks; -- usually followed by in.
Inveteracy (n.) Firm establishment by long continuance; firmness or deep-rooted obstinacy of any quality or state acquired by time; as, the inveteracy of custom, habit, or disease; -- usually in a bad sense; as, the inveteracy of prejudice or of error.
Inveterate (a.) Old; long-established.
Inveterate (a.) Firmly established by long continuance; obstinate; deep-rooted; of long standing; as, an inveterate disease; an inveterate abuse.
Irredeemable (a.) Not redeemable; that can not be redeemed; not payable in gold or silver, as a bond; -- used especially of such government notes, issued as currency, as are not convertible into coin at the pleasure of the holder.
Jade (n.) A young woman; -- generally so called in irony or slight contempt.
Jade (v. t.) To exhaust by overdriving or long-continued labor of any kind; to tire or wear out by severe or tedious tasks; to harass.
Jager (n.) Any species of gull of the genus Stercorarius. Three species occur on the Atlantic coast. The jagers pursue other species of gulls and force them to disgorge their prey. The two middle tail feathers are usually decidedly longer than the rest. Called also boatswain, and marJamesonite (n.) A steel-gray mineral, of metallic luster, commonly fibrous massive. It is a sulphide of antimony and lead, with a little iron.
Jasey (n.) A wig; -- so called, perhaps, from being made of, or resembling, Jersey yarn.
Jawed (a.) Having jaws; -- chiefly in composition; as, lantern-jawed.
Jelerang (n.) A large, handsome squirrel (Sciurus Javensis), native of Java and Southern Asia; -- called also Java squirrel.
Jeremiade (n.) A tale of sorrow, disappointment, or complaint; a doleful story; a dolorous tirade; -- generally used satirically.
Jibe (v. i.) To shift, as the boom of a fore-and-aft sail, from one side of a vessel to the other when the wind is aft or on the quarter. See Gybe.
Jumelle (a.) Twin; paired; -- said of various objects made or formed in pairs, as a binocular opera glass, a pair of gimmal rings, etc.
Joke (n.) Something said for the sake of exciting a laugh; something witty or sportive (commonly indicating more of hilarity or humor than jest); a jest; a witticism; as, to crack good-natured jokes.
Julep (n.) A beverage composed of brandy, whisky, or some other spirituous liquor, with sugar, pounded ice, and sprigs of mint; -- called also mint julep.
Juneberry (n.) The small applelike berry of American trees of genus Amelanchier; -- also called service berry.
Juneberry (n.) The shrub or tree which bears this fruit; -- also called shad bush, and had tree.
Juvenile (n.) A young person or youth; -- used sportively or familiarly.
Kine () The unit velocity in the C.G.S. system -- a velocity of one centimeter per second.
Kinetograph (n.) A combined animated-picture machine and phonograph in which sounds appropriate to the scene are automatically uttered by the latter instrument.
Kite (n.) A form of drag to be towed under water at any depth up to about forty fathoms, which on striking bottom is upset and rises to the surface; -- called also sentry.
Kinesodic (a.) Conveying motion; as; kinesodic substance; -- applied esp. to the spinal cord, because it is capable of conveying doth voluntary and reflex motor impulses, without itself being affected by motor impulses applied to it directly.
Kinetogenesis (n.) An instrument for producing curves by the combination of circular movements; -- called also kinescope.
Kiteflying (n.) A mode of raising money, or sustaining one's credit, by the use of paper which is merely nominal; -- called also kiting.
Kneebrush (n.) A tuft or brush of hair on the knees of some species of antelopes and other animals; -- chiefly used in the plural.
Kneebrush (n.) A thick mass or collection of hairs on the legs of bees, by aid of which they carry the collected pollen to the hive or nest; -- usually in the plural.
Kneejoint (n.) A toggle joint; -- so called because consisting of two pieces jointed to each other end to end, making an angle like the knee when bent.
Kneel (v. i.) To bend the knee; to fall or rest on the knees; -- sometimes with down.
Lade (v. t.) To load; to put a burden or freight on or in; -- generally followed by that which receives the load, as the direct object.
Lageniform (a.) Shaped like a bottle or flask; flag-shaped.
Lamellicorn (a.) Having antennae terminating in a group of flat lamellae; -- said of certain coleopterous insects.
Lamellicorn (a.) Terminating in a group of flat lamellae; -- said of antennae.
Lamellicornia (n. pl.) A group of lamellicorn, plant-eating beetles; -- called also Lamellicornes.
Lamentable (a.) Miserable; pitiful; paltry; -- in a contemptuous or ridiculous sense.
Late (a.) After the usual or proper time, or the time appointed; after delay; as, he arrived late; -- opposed to early.
Laterad (adv.) Toward the side; away from the mesial plane; -- opposed to mesiad.
Lateral (a.) Lying at, or extending toward, the side; away from the mesial plane; external; -- opposed to mesial.
Laterite (n.) An argillaceous sandstone, of a red color, and much seamed; -- found in India.
Laver (n.) The fronds of certain marine algae used as food, and for making a sauce called laver sauce. Green laver is the Ulva latissima; purple laver, Porphyra laciniata and P. vulgaris. It is prepared by stewing, either alone or with other vegetables, and with various condiments; -- called also sloke, or sloakan.
Leve (v. t.) To grant; -- used esp. in exclamations or prayers followed by a dependent clause.
Levee (n.) A morning assembly or reception of visitors, -- in distinction from a soiree, or evening assembly; a matinee; hence, also, any general or somewhat miscellaneous gathering of guests, whether in the daytime or evening; as, the president's levee.
Level (n.) A Level (n.) A horizontal Level (a.) Even with anything else; of the same height; on the same Lever (n.) A rigid piece which is capable of turning about one point, or axis (the fulcrum), and in which are two or more other points where forces are applied; -- used for transmitting and modifying force and motion. Specif., a bar of metal, wood, or other rigid substance, used to exert a pressure, or sustain a weight, at one point of its length, by receiving a force or power at a second, and turning at a third on a fixed point called a fulcrum. It is usually named as the first of the six mec>
Libel (v. i.) To spread defamation, written or printed; -- with against.
Liberal (a.) Bestowing in a large and noble way, as a freeman; generous; bounteous; open-handed; as, a liberal giver.
Liberality (n.) A gift; a gratuity; -- sometimes in the plural; as, a prudent man is not impoverished by his liberalities.
Liberty (n.) The state of a free person; exemption from subjection to the will of another claiming ownership of the person or services; freedom; -- opposed to slavery, serfdom, bondage, or subjection.
Libethenite (n.) A mineral of an olive-green color, commonly in orthorhombic crystals. It is a hydrous phosphate of copper.
Life (n.) The state of being which begins with generation, birth, or germination, and ends with death; also, the time during which this state continues; that state of an animal or plant in which all or any of its organs are capable of performing all or any of their functions; -- used of all animal and vegetable organisms.
Life (n.) Something dear to one as one's existence; a darling; -- used as a term of endearment.
Like (superl.) Having the same, or nearly the same, appearance, qualities, or characteristics; resembling; similar to; similar; alike; -- often with in and the particulars of the resemblance; as, they are like each other in features, complexion, and many traits of character.
Like (n.) A liking; a preference; inclination; -- usually in pl.; as, we all have likes and dislikes.
Likely (a.) Having probability; having or giving reason to expect; -- followed by the infinitive; as, it is likely to rain.
Likely (a.) Such as suits; good-looking; pleasing; agreeable; handsome.
Literal (a.) Giving a strict or literal construction; unimaginative; matter-of fast; -- applied to persons.
Literalize (v. t.) To make literal; to interpret or put in practice according to the strict meaning of the words; -- opposed to spiritualize; as, to literalize Scripture.
Literature (n.) The class of writings distinguished for beauty of style or expression, as poetry, essays, or history, in distinction from scientific treatises and works which contain positive knowledge; belles-lettres.
Literatus (n.) A learned man; a man acquainted with literature; -- chiefly used in the plural.
Live (v. i.) To be or continue in existence; to exist; to remain; to be permanent; to last; -- said of inanimate objects, ideas, etc.
Live (v. i.) To feed; to subsist; to be nourished or supported; -- with on; as, horses live on grass and grain.
Live (v. i.) To be maintained in life; to acquire a livelihood; to subsist; -- with on or by; as, to live on spoils.
Live (v. i.) To outlast danger; to float; -- said of a ship, boat, etc.; as, no ship could live in such a storm.
Lived (a.) Having life; -- used only in composition; as, long-lived; short-lived.
Liver (n.) The glossy ibis (Ibis falcinellus); -- said to have given its name to the city of Liverpool.
Liverwort (n.) A ranunculaceous plant (Anemone Hepatica) with pretty white or bluish flowers and a three-lobed leaf; -- called also squirrel cups.
Livery (n.) The peculiar dress by which the servants of a nobleman or gentleman are distinguished; as, a claret-colored livery.
Libellee (n.) The party against whom a libel has been filed; -- corresponding to defendant in a common law action.
Limerick (n.) A nonsense poem of five anapestic Lobe (n.) The projecting part of a cam wheel or of a non-circular gear wheel.
Lorette (n.) In France, a name for a woman who is supported by her lovers, and devotes herself to idleness, show, and pleasure; -- so called from the church of Notre Dame de Lorette, in Paris, near which many of them resided.
Love (n.) Courtship; -- chiefly in the phrase to make love, i. e., to court, to woo, to solicit union in marriage.
Love (n.) Affection; kind feeling; friendship; strong liking or desire; fondness; good will; -- opposed to hate; often with of and an object.
Love (n.) The object of affection; -- often employed in endearing address.
Love (n.) Nothing; no points scored on one side; -- used in counting score at tennis, etc.
Lovelock (n.) A long lock of hair hanging prominently by itself; an earlock; -- worn by men of fashion in the reigns of Elizabeth and James I.
Lovely (superl.) Very pleasing; -- applied loosely to almost anything which is not grand or merely pretty; as, a lovely view; a lovely valley; a lovely melody.
Lover (n.) One who loves; one who is in love; -- usually limited, in the singular, to a person of the male sex.
Lozenge (n.) A diamond-shaped figure usually with the upper and lower angles slightly acute, borne upon a shield or escutcheon. Cf. Fusil.
Lozenge (n.) A small cake of sugar and starch, flavored, and often medicated. -- originally in the form of a lozenge.
Lozenged (a.) Alt. of Lozenge-shaped
Lucern (n.) A sort of hunting dog; -- perhaps from Lucerne, in Switzerland.
Lucern (n.) A leguminous plant (Medicago sativa), having bluish purple cloverlike flowers, cultivated for fodder; -- called also alfalfa.
Lucernaria (n.) A genus of acalephs, having a bell-shaped body with eight groups of short tentacles around the margin. It attaches itself by a sucker at the base of the pedicel.
lucernarida (n. pl.) A division of acalephs, including Lucernaria and allied genera; -- called also Calycozoa.
Lure (n.) A contrivance somewhat resembling a bird, and often baited with raw meat; -- used by falconers in recalling hawks.
Lusern (n.) A lynx. See 1st Lucern and Loup-cervier.
Lute (n.) A cement of clay or other tenacious infusible substance for sealing joints in apparatus, or the mouths of vessels or tubes, or for coating the bodies of retorts, etc., when exposed to heat; -- called also luting.
Lute (n.) A straight-edged piece of wood for striking off superfluous clay from mold.
Lyken (v. t.) To please; -- chiefly used impersonally.
Mace (n.) A heavy staff or club of metal; a spiked club; -- used as weapon in war before the general use of firearms, especially in the Middle Ages, for breaking metal armor.
Mademoiselle (n.) A marine food fish (Sciaena chrysura), of the Southern United States; -- called also yellowtail, and silver perch.
Magenta (n.) An aniMajesty (n.) The dignity and authority of sovereign power; quality or state which inspires awe or reverence; grandeur; exalted dignity, whether proceeding from rank, character, or bearing; imposing loftiness; stateMajesty (n.) Hence, used with the possessive pronoun, the title of an emperor, king or queen; -- in this sense taking a plural; as, their majesties attended the concert.
Make (v. t.) To produce, as something artificial, unnatural, or false; -- often with up; as, to make up a story.
Make (v. t.) To bring about; to bring forward; to be the cause or agent of; to effect, do, perform, or execute; -- often used with a noun to form a phrase equivalent to the simple verb that corresponds to such noun; as, to make complaint, for to complain; to make record of, for to record; to make abode, for to abide, etc.
Make (v. t.) To require; to constrain; to compel; to force; to cause; to occasion; -- followed by a noun or pronoun and infinitive.
Make (v. i.) To act in a certain manner; to have to do; to manage; to interfere; to be active; -- often in the phrase to meddle or make.
Make (v. i.) To tend; to contribute; to have effect; -- with for or against; as, it makes for his advantage.
Male (v. t.) Capable of producing fertilization, but not of bearing fruit; -- said of stamens and antheridia, and of the plants, or parts of plants, which bear them.
Malediction (n.) A proclaiming of evil against some one; a cursing; imprecation; a curse or execration; -- opposed to benediction.
Mare (n.) Sighing, suffocative panting, intercepted utterance, with a sense of pressure across the chest, occurring during sleep; the incubus; -- obsolete, except in the compound nightmare.
Materialize (v. t.) To make visable in, or as in, a material form; -- said of spirits.
Maverick (n.) In the southwestern part of the united States, a bullock or heifer that has not been branded, and is unclaimed or wild; -- said to be from Maverick, the name of a cattle owner in Texas who neglected to brand his cattle.
Mazer (n.) A large drinking bowl; -- originally made of maple.
Megerg (n.) One of the larger measures of work, amounting to one million ergs; -- called also megalerg.
Melene (n.) An unsaturated hydrocarbon, C30H60, of the ethylene series, obtained from beeswax as a white, scaly, crystalMelenite (n.) An explosive of great destructive power; -- so called from its color, which resembles honey.
Mete (n.) Measure; limit; boundary; -- used chiefly in the plural, and in the phrase metes and bounds.
Melee (n.) A cavalry exercise in which two groups of riders try to cut paper plumes off the helmets of their opponents, the contest continuing until no member of one group retains his plume; -- sometimes called Balaklava melee.
Mixer (n.) A person who has social intercourse with others of many sorts; a person viewed as to his casual sociability; -- commonly used with some characterizing adjective; as, a good mixer; a bad mixer.
Mimetical () Characterized by mimicry; -- applied to animals and plants; as, mimetic species; mimetic organisms. See Mimicry.
Mine (v. i.) A pit or excavation in the earth, from which metallic ores, precious stones, coal, or other mineral substances are taken by digging; -- distinguished from the pits from which stones for architectural purposes are taken, and which are called quarries.
Minerva (n.) The goddess of wisdom, of war, of the arts and sciences, of poetry, and of spinning and weaving; -- identified with the Grecian Pallas Athene.
Misericordia (n.) A thin-bladed dagger; so called, in the Middle Ages, because used to give the death wound or "mercy" stroke to a fallen adversary.
Miterwort (n.) Any plant of the genus Mitella, -- slender, perennial herbs with a pod slightly resembling a bishop's miter; bishop's cap.
Moderation (n.) The first public examinations for degrees at the University of Oxford; -- usually contracted to mods.
Modern (n.) A person of modern times; -- opposed to ancient.
Modest (a.) Observing the proprieties of the sex; not unwomanly in act or bearing; free from undue familiarity, indecency, or lewdness; decent in speech and demeanor; -- said of a woman.
Modesty (n.) The quality or state of being modest; that lowly temper which accompanies a moderate estimate of one's own worth and importance; absence of self-assertion, arrogance, and presumption; humility respecting one's own merit.
Mole (n.) A spot, mark, or small permanent protuberance on the human body; esp., a spot which is dark-colored, from which commonly issue one or more hairs.
Monerula (n.) A germ in that stage of development in which its form is simply that of a non-nucleated mass of protoplasm. It precedes the one-celled germ. So called from its likeness to a moner.
More (superl.) Greater in number; exceeding in numbers; -- with the plural.
More (adv.) With an adjective or adverb (instead of the suffix -er) to form the comparative degree; as, more durable; more active; more sweetly.
Moreen (n.) A thick woolen fabric, watered or with embossed figures; -- used in upholstery, for curtains, etc.
Morel (n.) Nightshade; -- so called from its blackish purple berries.
Morello (n.) A kind of nearly black cherry with dark red flesh and juice, -- used chiefly for preserving.
Morepork (n.) The Australian crested goatsucker (Aegotheles Novae-Hollandiae). Also applied to other allied birds, as Podargus Cuveiri.
Modernism (n.) Certain methods and tendencies which, in Biblical questions, apologetics, and the theory of dogma, in the endeavor to reconcile the doctrines of the Roman Catholic Church with the conclusions of modern science, replace the authority of the church by purely subjective criteria; -- so called officially by Pope Pius X.
Mosey (v. i.) To go, or move (in a certain manner); -- usually with out, off, along, etc.
Mucedin (n.) A yellowish white, amorphous, nitrogenous substance found in wheat, rye, etc., and resembling gluten; -- formerly called also mucin.
Mule (n.) A hybrid animal; specifically, one generated between an ass and a mare, sometimes a horse and a she-ass. See Hinny.
Mule (n.) A plant or vegetable produced by impregnating the pistil of one species with the pollen or fecundating dust of another; -- called also hybrid.
Mule (n.) A machine, used in factories, for spinning cotton, wool, etc., into yarn or thread and winding it into cops; -- called also jenny and mule-jenny.
Murexan (n.) A complex nitrogenous substance obtained from murexide, alloxantin, and other ureids, as a white, or yellowish, crystalMurexide (n.) A crystalMuse (n.) One of the nine goddesses who presided over song and the different kinds of poetry, and also the arts and sciences; -- often used in the plural.
Mute (v. t. & i.) To eject the contents of the bowels; -- said of birds.
Mute (a.) Not uttered; unpronounced; silent; also, produced by complete closure of the mouth organs which interrupt the passage of breath; -- said of certain letters. See 5th Mute, 2.
Mute (a.) Not giving a ringing sound when struck; -- said of a metal.
Mute (n.) One who, from deafness, either congenital or from early life, is unable to use articulate language; a deaf-mute.
Mycelium (n.) The white threads or filamentous growth from which a mushroom or fungus is developed; the so-called mushroom spawn.
Myoepithelial (a.) Derived from epithelial cells and destined to become a part of the muscular system; -- applied to structural elements in certain embryonic forms.
Myself (pron.) I or me in person; -- used for emphasis, my own self or person; as I myself will do it; I have done it myself; -- used also instead of me, as the object of the first person of a reflexive verb, without emphasis; as, I will defend myself.
Mycetozoa (n. pl.) The Myxomycetes; -- so called by those who regard them as a class of animals.
Namely (adv.) That is to say; to wit; videlicet; -- introducing a particular or specific designation.
Nares (n. pl.) The nostrils or nasal openings, -- the anterior nares being the external or proper nostrils, and the posterior nares, the openings of the nasal cavities into the mouth or pharynx.
Nave (n.) The block in the center of a wheel, from which the spokes radiate, and through which the axle passes; -- called also hub or hob.
Navelwort (n.) A European perennial succulent herb (Cotyledon umbilicus), having round, peltate leaves with a central depression; -- also called pennywort, and kidneywort.
Necessary (a.) Acting from necessity or compulsion; involuntary; -- opposed to free; as, whether man is a necessary or a free agent is a question much discussed.
Necessary (n.) A thing that is necessary or indispensable to some purpose; something that one can not do without; a requisite; an essential; -- used chiefly in the plural; as, the necessaries of life.
Necessary (n.) A privy; a water-closet.
Necessitarian (a.) Of or pertaining to the doctrine of philosophical necessity in regard to the origin and existence of things, especially as applied to the actings or choices of the will; -- opposed to libertarian.
Necessity (n.) That which is necessary; a necessary; a requisite; something indispensable; -- often in the plural.
Nemertina (n. pl.) An order of helminths usually having a long, slender, smooth, often bright-colored body, covered with minute vibrating cilia; -- called also Nemertea, Nemertida, and Rhynchocoela.
Nepenthe (n.) A drug used by the ancients to give relief from pain and sorrow; -- by some supposed to have been opium or hasheesh. Hence, anything soothing and comforting.
Nepenthes (n.) A genus of climbing plants found in India, Malaya, etc., which have the leaves prolonged into a kind of stout tendril terminating in a pitcherlike appendage, whence the plants are often called pitcher plants and monkey-cups. There are about thirty species, of which the best known is Nepenthes distillatoria. See Pitcher plant.
Nereis (n.) A genus, including numerous species, of marine chaetopod annelids, having a well-formed head, with two pairs of eyes, antennae, four pairs of tentacles, and a protrusile pharynx, armed with a pair of hooked jaws.
Ninetieth (a.) Next in order after the eighty-ninth.
Ninetieth (n.) The next in order after the eighty-ninth.
Ninety (a.) Nine times ten; eighty-nine and one more; as, ninety men.
Ninety (n.) The sum of nine times ten; the number greater by a unit than eighty-nine; ninety units or objects.
Nocent (a.) Guilty; -- the opposite of innocent.
Node (n.) The point at which the None (a.) No one; not one; not anything; -- frequently used also partitively, or as a plural, not any.
None (a.) No; not any; -- used adjectively before a vowel, in old style; as, thou shalt have none assurance of thy life.
Nosed (a.) Having a nose, or such a nose; -- chieflay used in composition; as, pug-nosed.
Numeric (n.) Any number, proper or improper fraction, or incommensurable ratio. The term also includes any imaginary expression like m + n?-1, where m and n are real numerics.
Numero (n.) Number; -- often abbrev. No.
Oared (a.) Furnished with oars; -- chiefly used in composition; as, a four-oared boat.
Oared (a.) Totipalmate; -- said of the feet of certain birds. See Illust. of Aves.
Object (v. i.) To make opposition in words or argument; -- usually followed by to.
Objective (a.) Of or pertaining to an object; contained in, or having the nature or position of, an object; outward; external; extrinsic; -- an epithet applied to whatever ir exterior to the mind, or which is simply an object of thought or feeling, and opposed to subjective.
Obsequy (n.) The last duty or service to a person, rendered after his death; hence, a rite or ceremony pertaining to burial; -- now used only in the plural.
Observance (n.) The act or practice of observing or noticing with attention; a heeding or keeping with care; performance; -- usually with a sense of strictness and fidelity; as, the observance of the Sabbath is general; the strict observance of duties.
Observant (a.) Submissively attentive; obediently watchful; regardful; mindful; obedient (to); -- with of, as, to be observant of rules.
Observantine (n.) One of a branch of the Order of Franciscans, who profess to adhere more strictly than the Conventuals to the intention of the founder, especially as to poverty; -- called also Observants.
Observe (v. i.) To make a remark; to comment; -- generally with on or upon.
Obsession (n.) The state of being besieged; -- used specifically of a person beset by a spirit from without.
Obverse (a.) The face of a coin which has the principal image or inscription upon it; -- the other side being the reverse.
Offensive (a.) Making the first attack; assailant; aggressive; hence, used in attacking; -- opposed to defensive; as, an offensive war; offensive weapons.
Offensive (n.) The state or posture of one who offends or makes attack; aggressive attitude; the act of the attacking party; -- opposed to defensive.
Offer (v. t.) To present, as an act of worship; to immolate; to sacrifice; to present in prayer or devotion; -- often with up.
Offer (v. i.) To make an attempt; to make an essay or a trial; -- used with at.
Once (adv.) At some one period of time; -- used indefinitely.
Once (adv.) At any one time; -- often nearly equivalent to ever, if ever, or whenever; as, once kindled, it may not be quenched.
Ordeal (n.) An ancient form of test to determine guilt or innocence, by appealing to a supernatural decision, -- once common in Europe, and still practiced in the East and by savage tribes.
Order (n.) An ecclesiastical grade or rank, as of deacon, priest, or bishop; the office of the Christian ministry; -- often used in the plural; as, to take orders, or to take holy orders, that is, to enter some grade of the ministry.
Orderly (a.) Performed in good or established order; well-regulated.
Orfe (n.) A bright-colored domesticated variety of the id. See Id.
Orgeat (n.) A sirup in which, formerly, a decoction of barley entered, but which is now prepared with an emulsion of almonds, -- used to flavor beverages or edibles.
Orient (a.) Bright; lustrous; superior; pure; perfect; pellucid; -- used of gems and also figuratively, because the most perfect jewels are found in the East.
Oriental (a.) Of or pertaining to the orient or east; eastern; concerned with the East or Orientalism; -- opposed to occidental; as, Oriental countries.
Orleans (n.) A cloth made of worsted and cotton, -- used for wearing apparel.
Ostensible (a.) Shown; exhibited; declared; avowed; professed; apparent; -- often used as opposed to real or actual; as, an ostensible reason, motive, or aim.
Ostentation (n.) The act of ostentating or of making an ambitious display; unnecessary show; pretentious parade; -- usually in a detractive sense.
Osteotomy (n.) The operation of dividing a bone or of cutting a piece out of it, -- done to remedy deformity, etc.
Other (conj.) Either; -- used with other or or for its correlative (as either . . . or are now used).
Other (pron. & a.) Alternate; second; -- used esp. in connection with every; as, every other day, that is, each alternate day, every second day.
Outer (a.) Being on the outside; external; farthest or farther from the interior, from a given station, or from any space or position regarded as a center or starting place; -- opposed to inner; as, the outer wall; the outer court or gate; the outer stump in cricket; the outer world.
Outer (n.) The part of a target which is beyond the circles surrounding the bull's-eye.
Oxheal (n.) Same as Bear's-foot.
Oxheart (n.) A large heart-shaped cherry, either black, red, or white.
Pace (n.) The length of a step in walking or marching, reckoned from the heel of one foot to the heel of the other; -- used as a unit in measuring distances; as, he advanced fifty paces.
Paced (a.) Having, or trained in, h u a pace or gait; trained; -- used in composition; as, slow-paced; a thorough-paced villain.
Padella (n.) A large cup or deep saucer, containing fatty matter in which a wick is placed, -- used for public illuminations, as at St. Peter's, in Rome. Called also padelle.
Pale (n.) A space or field having bounds or limits; a limited region or place; an inclosure; -- often used figuratively.
Paleface (n.) A white person; -- an appellation supposed to have been applied to the whites by the American Indians.
Palempore (n.) A superior kind of dimity made in India, -- used for bed coverings.
Pare (v. t.) To remove; to separate; to cut or shave, as the skin, ring, or outside part, from anything; -- followed by off or away; as; to pare off the ring of fruit; to pare away redundancies.
Paregoric (n.) A medicine that mitigates pain; an anodyne; specifically, camphorated tincture of opium; -- called also paregoric elexir.
Parethmoid (a.) Near or beside the ethmoid bone or cartilage; -- applied especially to a pair of bones in the nasal region of some fishes, and to the ethmoturbinals in some higher animals.
Pated (a.) Having a pate; -- used only in composition; as, long-pated; shallow-pated.
Patela (n.) A large flat-bottomed trading boat peculiar to the river Ganges; -- called also puteli.
Patent (a.) Open to public perusal; -- said of a document conferring some right or privilege; as, letters patent. See Letters patent, under 3d Letter.
Pelecoid (n.) A figure, somewhat hatched-shaped, bounded by a semicircle and two inverted quadrants, and equal in area to the square ABCD inclosed by the chords of the four quadrants.
Perennibranchiate (a.) Having branchae, or gills, through life; -- said especially of certain Amphibia, like the menobranchus. Opposed to caducibranchiate.
Petechiae (n. pl.) Small crimson, purple, or livid spots, like flea-bites, due to extravasation of blood, which appear on the skin in malignant fevers, etc.
Peter (v. i.) To become exhausted; to run out; to fail; -- used generally with out; as, that mine has petered out.
Peterman (n.) A fisherman; -- so called after the apostle Peter.
Peterwort (n.) See Saint Peter's-wort, under Saint.
Peneplain (n.) A land surface reduced by erosion to the general condition of a plain, but not wholly devoid of hills; a base-level plain.
Pere (n.) Father; -- often used after French proper names to distinguish a father from his son; as, Dumas pere.
Phaeospore (n.) A brownish zoospore, characteristic of an order (Phaeosporeae) of dark green or olive-colored algae.
Phaeton (n.) A four-wheeled carriage (with or without a top), open, or having no side pieces, in front of the seat. It is drawn by one or two horses.
Phaeton (n.) A handsome American butterfly (Euphydryas, / Melitaea, Phaeton). The upper side of the wings is black, with orange-red spots and marginal crescents, and several rows of cream-colored spots; -- called also Baltimore.
Phleum (n.) A genus of grasses, including the timothy (Phleum pratense), which is highly valued for hay; cat's-tail grass.
Phreatic (a.) Subterranean; -- applied to sources supplying wells.
Phrenitis (n.) Inflammation of the brain, or of the meninges of the brain, attended with acute fever and delirium; -- called also cephalitis.
Pigeonfoot (n.) The dove's-foot geranium (Geranium molle).
Pike (sing. & pl.) A large fresh-water fish (Esox lucius), found in Europe and America, highly valued as a food fish; -- called also pickerel, gedd, luce, and jack.
Pile (n.) A vertical series of alternate disks of two dissimilar metals, as copper and zinc, laid up with disks of cloth or paper moistened with acid water between them, for producing a current of electricity; -- commonly called Volta's pile, voltaic pile, or galvanic pile.
Pile (v. t.) To lay or throw into a pile or heap; to heap up; to collect into a mass; to accumulate; to amass; -- often with up; as, to pile up wood.
Pimelite (n.) An apple-green mineral having a greasy feel. It is a hydrous silicate of nickel, magnesia, aluminia, and iron.
Pimento (n.) Allspice; -- applied both to the tree and its fruit. See Allspice.
Pine (v. i.) To languish; to lose flesh or wear away, under any distress or anexiety of mind; to droop; -- often used with away.
Pine (v. i.) To languish with desire; to waste away with longing for something; -- usually followed by for.
Pineapple (n.) A tropical plant (Ananassa sativa); also, its fruit; -- so called from the resemblance of the latter, in shape and external appearance, to the cone of the pine tree. Its origin is unknown, though conjectured to be American.
Pinefinch (n.) A small American bird (Spinus, / Chrysomitris, spinus); -- called also pine siskin, and American siskin.
Pipe (n.) A roll formerly used in the English exchequer, otherwise called the Great Roll, on which were taken down the accounts of debts to the king; -- so called because put together like a pipe.
Pipe (v. i.) To become hollow in the process of solodifying; -- said of an ingot, as of steel.
Pipemouth (n.) Any fish of the genus Fistularia; -- called also tobacco pipefish. See Fistularia.
Pipette (n.) A small glass tube, often with an enlargement or bulb in the middle, and usually graduated, -- used for transferring or delivering measured quantities.
Pipewort (n.) Any plant of a genus (Eriocaulon) of aquatic or marsh herbs with soft grass-like leaves.
Pise (n.) A species of wall made of stiff earth or clay rammed in between molds which are carried up as the wall rises; -- called also pise work.
Piperazine () Alt. of -zin
Pliers (n. pl.) A kind of small pinchers with long jaws, -- used for bending or cutting metal rods or wire, for handling small objects such as the parts of a watch, etc.
Podetium (n.) A stalk which bears the fructification in some lichens, as in the so-called reindeer moss.
Poke (n.) A large North American herb of the genus Phytolacca (P. decandra), bearing dark purple juicy berries; -- called also garget, pigeon berry, pocan, and pokeweed. The root and berries have emetic and purgative properties, and are used in medicine. The young shoots are sometimes eaten as a substitute for asparagus, and the berries are said to be used in Europe to color wine.
Poke (n.) A long, wide sleeve; -- called also poke sleeve.
Pokebag (n.) The European long-tailed titmouse; -- called also poke-pudding.
Poker (n.) A poking-stick.
Poleaxe (n.) Anciently, a kind of battle-ax with a long handle; later, an ax or hatchet with a short handle, and a head variously patterned; -- used by soldiers, and also by sailors in boarding a vessel.
Polemarch (n.) In Athens, originally, the military commanderin-chief; but, afterward, a civil magistrate who had jurisdiction in respect of strangers and sojourners. In other Grecian cities, a high military and civil officer.
Polemoscope (n.) An opera glass or field glass with an oblique mirror arranged for seeing objects do not lie directly before the eye; -- called also diagonal, / side, opera glass.
Polewig (n.) The European spotted goby (Gobius minutus); -- called also pollybait.
Pomey (n.) A figure supposed to resemble an apple; a roundel, -- always of a green color.
Popery (n.) The religion of the Roman Catholic Church, comprehending doctrines and practices; -- generally used in an opprobrious sense.
Pore (v. i.) To look or gaze steadily in reading or studying; to fix the attention; to be absorbed; -- often with on or upon, and now usually with over.
Potential (n.) In the theory of gravitation, or of other forces acting in space, a function of the rectangular coordinates which determine the position of a point, such that its differential coefficients with respect to the coordinates are equal to the components of the force at the point considered; -- also called potential function, or force function. It is called also Newtonian potential when the force is directed to a fixed center and is inversely as the square of the distance from the cen>
Potential (n.) The energy of an electrical charge measured by its power to do work; hence, the degree of electrification as referred to some standard, as that of the earth; electro-motive force.
Potentiometer (n.) An instrument for measuring or comparing electrial potentials or electro-motive forces.
Powen (n.) A small British lake whitefish (Coregonus clupeoides, or C. ferus); -- called also gwyniad and lake herring.
Power (n.) Capacity of undergoing or suffering; fitness to be acted upon; susceptibility; -- called also passive power; as, great power of endurance.
Powerful (a.) Large; capacious; -- said of veins of ore.
Preen (n.) To dress with, or as with, a preen; to trim or dress with the beak, as the feathers; -- said of birds.
Preexistence (n.) Existence of the soul before its union with the body; -- a doctrine held by certain philosophers.
Priestcap (n.) A form of redan, so named from its shape; -- called also swallowtail.
Priestery (n.) Priests, collectively; the priesthood; -- so called in contempt.
Pure (superl.) Free from moral defilement or quilt; hence, innocent; guileless; chaste; -- applied to persons.
Pure (superl.) Free from that which harms, vitiates, weakens, or pollutes; genuine; real; perfect; -- applied to things and actions.
Pure (superl.) Of a single, simple sound or tone; -- said of some vowels and the unaspirated consonants.
Puseyite (n.) One who holds the principles of Puseyism; -- often used opprobriously.
Pyrethrin (n.) A substance resembling, and isomeric with, ordinary camphor, and extracted from the essential oil of feverfew; -- called also Pyrethrum camphor.
Quaere (v. imperative.) Inquire; question; see; -- used to signify doubt or to suggest investigation.
Queen (n.) A woman eminent in power or attractions; the highest of her kind; as, a queen in society; -- also used figuratively of cities, countries, etc.
Quiet (v. i.) To become still, silent, or calm; -- often with down; as, be soon quieted down.
Raceabout (n.) A small sloop-rigged racing yacht carrying about six hundred square feet of sail, distinguished from a knockabout by having a short bowsprit.
Raceme (n.) A flower cluster with an elongated axis and many one-flowered lateral pedicels, as in the currant and chokecherry.
Rake (n.) An implement consisting of a headpiece having teeth, and a long handle at right angles to it, -- used for collecting hay, or other light things which are spread over a large surface, or for breaking and smoothing the earth.
Rake (n.) A toothed machine drawn by a horse, -- used for collecting hay or grain; a horserake.
Rake (n.) A fissure or mineral vein traversing the strata vertically, or nearly so; -- called also rake-vein.
Rake (v. t.) To collect with a rake; as, to rake hay; -- often with up; as, he raked up the fallen leaves.
Ramed (a.) Having the frames, stem, and sternpost adjusted; -- said of a ship on the stocks.
Rarefaction (n.) The act or process of rarefying; the state of being rarefied; -- opposed to condensation; as, the rarefaction of air.
Rarefy (v. t.) To make rare, thin, porous, or less dense; to expand or enlarge without adding any new portion of matter to; -- opposed to condense.
Ratel (n.) Any carnivore of the genus Mellivora, allied to the weasels and the skunks; -- called also honey badger.
Rave (v. i.) To talk with unreasonable enthusiasm or excessive passion or excitement; -- followed by about, of, or on; as, he raved about her beauty.
Ravel (v. t.) To separate or undo the texture of; to take apart; to untwist; to unweave or unknit; -- often followed by out; as, to ravel a twist; to ravel out a stocking.
Ravelin (n.) A detached work with two embankments which make a salient angle. It is raised before the curtain on the counterscarp of the place. Formerly called demilune, and half-moon.
Razee (v. t.) An armed ship having her upper deck cut away, and thus reduced to the next inferior rate, as a seventy-four cut down to a frigate.
Receipt (n.) That which is received; that which comes in, in distinction from what is expended, paid out, sent away, and the like; -- usually in the plural; as, the receipts amounted to a thousand dollars.
Receiver (n.) A vessel for receiving the exhaust steam from the high-pressure cylinder before it enters the low-pressure cylinder, in a compound engine.
Receiver (n.) That portion of a telephonic apparatus, or similar system, at which the message is received and made audible; -- opposed to transmitter.
Redemptionist (n.) A monk of an order founded in 1197; -- so called because the order was especially devoted to the redemption of Christians held in captivity by the Mohammedans. Called also Trinitarian.
Redeye (n.) The goggle-eye, or fresh-water rock bass.
Reference (n.) That which refers to something; a specific direction of the attention; as, a reference in a text-book.
Regeneration (n.) The reproduction of a part which has been removed or destroyed; re-formation; -- a process especially characteristic of a many of the lower animals; as, the regeneration of lost feelers, limbs, and claws by spiders and crabs.
Regenerator (n.) A device used in connection with hot-air engines, gas-burning furnaces, etc., in which the incoming air or gas is heated by being brought into contact with masses of iron, brick, etc., which have been previously heated by the outgoing, or escaping, hot air or gas.
Remedy (n.) That which relieves or cures a disease; any medicine or application which puts an end to disease and restores health; -- with for; as, a remedy for the gout.
Remedy (n.) That which corrects or counteracts an evil of any kind; a corrective; a counteractive; reparation; cure; -- followed by for or against, formerly by to.
Remember (v. t.) To put in mind; to remind; -- also used reflexively and impersonally.
Repent (a.) Prostrate and rooting; -- said of stems.
Repent (v. t.) To feel regret or sorrow; -- used reflexively.
Repent (v. t.) To cause to have sorrow or regret; -- used impersonally.
Repetend (n.) That part of a circulating decimal which recurs continually, ad infinitum: -- sometimes indicated by a dot over the first and last figures; thus, in the circulating decimal .728328328 + (otherwise .7/8/), the repetend is 283.
Reseizer (n.) The taking of lands into the hands of the king where a general livery, or oustre le main, was formerly mis-sued, contrary to the form and order of law.
Resent (v. t.) To recognize; to perceive, especially as if by smelling; -- associated in meaning with sent, the older spelling of scent to smell. See Resent, v. i.
Reservee (n.) One to, or for, whom anything is reserved; -- contrasted with reservor.
Revenge (v. i.) To take vengeance; -- with
Reverence (n.) A person entitled to be revered; -- a title applied to priests or other ministers with the pronouns his or your; sometimes poetically to a father.
Reversible (a.) Hence, having a pattern or finished surface on both sides, so that either may be used; -- said of fabrics.
Revestiary (n.) The apartment, in a church or temple, where the vestments, etc., are kept; -- now contracted into vestry.
Receiver (n.) In portable breech-loading firearms, the steel frame screwed to the breech end of the barrel, which receives the bolt or block, gives means of securing for firing, facilitates loading, and holds the ejector, cut-off, etc.
Release (n.) A catch on a motor-starting rheostat, which automatically releases the rheostat arm and so stops the motor in case of a break in the field circuit; also, the catch on an electromagnetic circuit breaker for a motor, which acts in case of an overload.
Release (n.) In the block-signaling system, a printed card conveying information and instructions to be used at intermediate sidings without telegraphic stations.
Reserve (n.) The amount of funds or assets necessary for a company to have at any given time to enable it, with interest and premiums paid as they shall accure, to meet all claims on the insurance then in force as they would mature according to the particular mortality table accepted. The reserve is always reckoned as a liability, and is calculated on net premiums. It is theoretically the difference between the present value of the total insurance and the present value of the future premiums o>
Ride (v. t.) To overlap (each other); -- said of bones or fractured fragments.
Ripe (superl.) Ready for reaping or gathering; having attained perfection; mature; -- said of fruits, seeds, etc.; as, ripe grain.
Ripe (superl.) Maturated or suppurated; ready to discharge; -- said of sores, tumors, etc.
Rise (v.) To move from a lower position to a higher; to ascend; to mount up. Specifically: -- (a) To go upward by walking, climbing, flying, or any other voluntary motion; as, a bird rises in the air; a fish rises to the bait.
Rise (v.) To increase in power or fury; -- said of wind or a storm, and hence, of passion.
Rise (v.) To become larger; to swell; -- said of a boil, tumor, and the like.
Rise (v.) To increase in intensity; -- said of heat.
Rise (v.) To become more and more dignified or forcible; to increase in interest or power; -- said of style, thought, or discourse; as, to rise in force of expression; to rise in eloquence; a story rises in interest.
Rise (v.) To be lifted, or to admit of being lifted, from the imposing stone without dropping any of the type; -- said of a form.
Robertsman (n.) A bold, stout robber, or night thief; -- said to be so called from Robin Hood.
Rodeo (n.) A round-up. See Round-up.
Rokee (n.) Parched Indian corn, pounded up and mixed with sugar; -- called also yokeage.
Romeite (n.) A mineral of a hyacinth or honey-yellow color, occuring in square octahedrons. It is an antimonate of calcium.
Rose (n.) The color of a rose; rose-red; pink.
Rose (v. t.) To render rose-colored; to redden; to flush.
Rosebay (n.) An herb (Epilobium spicatum) with showy purple flowers, common in Europe and North America; -- called also great willow herb.
Rosehead (n.) A many-sided pyramidal head upon a nail; also a nail with such a head.
Roseroot (n.) A fleshy-leaved herb (Rhodiola rosea); rosewort; -- so called because the roots have the odor of roses.
Rosette (n.) An imitation of a rose by means of ribbon or other material, -- used as an ornament or a badge.
Rosette (n.) An ornament in the form of a rose or roundel, -much used in decoration.
Rote (n.) A kind of guitar, the notes of which were produced by a small wheel or wheel-like arrangement; an instrument similar to the hurdy-gurdy.
Rove (v. i.) To shoot at rovers; hence, to shoot at an angle of elevation, not at point-blank (rovers usually being beyond the point-blank range).
Rowed (a.) Formed into a row, or rows; having a row, or rows; as, a twelve-rowed ear of corn.
Roger (n.) A black flag with white skull and crossbones, formerly used by pirates; -- called also Jolly Roger.
Rubella (n.) An acute specific disease with a dusky red cutaneous eruption resembling that of measles, but unattended by catarrhal symptoms; -- called also German measles.
Rude (superl.) Unformed by taste or skill; not nicely finished; not smoothed or polished; -- said especially of material things; as, rude workmanship.
Rude (superl.) Of untaught manners; unpolished; of low rank; uncivil; clownish; ignorant; raw; unskillful; -- said of persons, or of conduct, skill, and the like.
Rude (superl.) Violent; tumultuous; boisterous; inclement; harsh; severe; -- said of the weather, of storms, and the like; as, the rude winter.
Rude (superl.) Barbarous; fierce; bloody; impetuous; -- said of war, conflict, and the like; as, the rude shock of armies.
Rude (superl.) Not finished or complete; inelegant; lacking chasteness or elegance; not in good taste; unsatisfactory in mode of treatment; -- said of literature, language, style, and the like.
Rule (n.) To control or direct by influence, counsel, or persuasion; to guide; -- used chiefly in the passive.
Rule (v. i.) To have power or command; to exercise supreme authority; -- often followed by over.
Safeguard (n.) A pass; a passport; a safe-conduct.
Sagebrush (n.) A low irregular shrub (Artemisia tridentata), of the order Compositae, covering vast tracts of the dry alkaSagenitic (a.) Resembling sagenite; -- applied to quartz when containing acicular crystals of other minerals, most commonly rutile, also tourmaSake (n.) Final cause; end; purpose of obtaining; cause; motive; reason; interest; concern; account; regard or respect; -- used chiefly in such phrases as, for the sake of, for his sake, for man's sake, for mercy's sake, and the like; as, to commit crime for the sake of gain; to go abroad for the sake of one's health.
Sane (a.) Being in a healthy condition; not deranged; acting rationally; -- said of the mind.
Sane (a.) Mentally sound; possessing a rational mind; having the mental faculties in such condition as to be able to anticipate and judge of the effect of one's actions in an ordinary maner; -- said of persons.
Schene (n.) An Egyptian or Persian measure of length, varying from thirty-two to sixty stadia.
Scherzo (n.) A playful, humorous movement, commonly in 3-4 measure, which often takes the place of the old minuet and trio in a sonata or a symphony.
Science (n.) Especially, such knowledge when it relates to the physical world and its phenomena, the nature, constitution, and forces of matter, the qualities and functions of living tissues, etc.; -- called also natural science, and physical science.
Sclerobase (n.) The calcareous or hornlike coral forming the central stem or axis of most compound alcyonarians; -- called also foot secretion. See Illust. under Gorgoniacea, and Coenenchyma.
Sclerotic (a.) Hard; firm; indurated; -- applied especially in anatomy to the firm outer coat of the eyeball, which is often cartilaginous and sometimes bony.
Screw (n.) A cylinder, or a cylindrical perforation, having a continuous rib, called the thread, winding round it spirally at a constant inclination, so as to leave a continuous spiral groove between one turn and the next, -- used chiefly for producing, when revolved, motion or pressure in the direction of its axis, by the sliding of the threads of the cylinder in the grooves between the threads of the perforation adapted to it, the former being distinguished as the external, or male screw, or>
Screw (n.) Specifically, a kind of nail with a spiral thread and a head with a nick to receive the end of the screw-driver. Screws are much used to hold together pieces of wood or to fasten something; -- called also wood screws, and screw nails. See also Screw bolt, below.
Screw (n.) An unsound or worn-out horse, useful as a hack, and commonly of good appearance.
Sere (a.) [OE. seer, AS. sear (assumed) fr. searian to wither; akin to D. zoor dry, LG. soor, OHG. sor/n to to wither, Gr. a"y`ein to parch, to dry, Skr. /ush (for sush) to dry, to wither, Zend hush to dry. ?152. Cf. Austere, Sorrel, a.] Dry; withered; no longer green; -- applied to leaves.
Selenate (n.) A salt of selenic acid; -- formerly called also seleniate.
Selenography (n.) The science that treats of the physical features of the moon; -- corresponding to physical geography in respect to the earth.
Seme (a.) Sprinkled or sown; -- said of field, or a charge, when strewed or covered with small charges.
Serenade (n.) Music sung or performed in the open air at nights; -- usually applied to musical entertainments given in the open air at night, especially by gentlemen, in a spirit of gallantry, under the windows of ladies.
Seventieth (a.) Next in order after the sixty-ninth; as, a man in the seventieth year of his age.
Seventieth (n.) One next in order after the sixty-ninth.
Seventy (a.) Seven times ten; one more than sixty-nine.
Sewer (n.) A small tortricid moth whose larva sews together the edges of a leaf by means of silk; as, the apple-leaf sewer (Phoxopteris nubeculana)
Sexenary (a.) Proceeding by sixes; sextuple; -- applied especially to a system of arithmetical computation in which the base is six.
Sheepback (n.) A rounded knoll of rock resembling the back of a sheep. -- produced by glacial action. Called also roche moutonnee; -- usually in the plural.
Sheepskin (n.) A diploma; -- so called because usually written or printed on parchment prepared from the skin of the sheep.
Sheer (v. i.) Very thin or transparent; -- applied to fabrics; as, sheer muslin.
Sheet (v. t.) A rope or chain which regulates the angle of adjustment of a sail in relation in relation to the wind; -- usually attached to the lower corner of a sail, or to a yard or a boom.
Shield (n.) A broad piece of defensive armor, carried on the arm, -- formerly in general use in war, for the protection of the body. See Buckler.
Shoe (n.) A trough-shaped or spout-shaped member, put at the bottom of the water leader coming from the eaves gutter, so as to throw the water off from the building.
Shoe (n.) An incShoe (n.) A plate, or notched piece, interposed between a moving part and the stationary part on which it bears, to take the wear and afford means of adjustment; -- called also slipper, and gib.
Shoehorn (n.) Alt. of Shoeing-horn
Shredcook (n.) The fieldfare; -- so called from its harsh cry before rain.
Shrewd (superl.) Able or clever in practical affairs; sharp in business; astute; sharp-witted; sagacious; keen; as, a shrewd observer; a shrewd design; a shrewd reply.
Sideboard (n.) A piece of dining-room furniture having compartments and shelves for keeping or displaying articles of table service.
Sided (a.) Having (such or so many) sides; -- used in composition; as, one-sided; many-sided.
Siderated (a.) Planet-struck; blasted.
Sideration (n.) The state of being siderated, or planet-struck; esp., blast in plants; also, a sudden and apparently causeless stroke of disease, as in apoplexy or paralysis.
Siderite (n.) An indigo-blue variety of quartz.
Sideromancy (n.) Divination by burning straws on red-hot iron, and noting the manner of their burning.
Siderostat (n.) An apparatus consisting essentially of a mirror moved by clockwork so as to throw the rays of the sun or a star in a fixed direction; -- a more general term for heliostat.
Silence (interj.) Be silent; -- used elliptically for let there be silence, or keep silence.
Sinewed (a.) Furnished with sinews; as, a strong-sinewed youth.
Sire (n.) The male parent of a beast; -- applied especially to horses; as, the horse had a good sire.
Sire (v. t.) To beget; to procreate; -- used of beasts, and especially of stallions.
Siren (n.) One of three sea nymphs, -- or, according to some writers, of two, -- said to frequent an island near the coast of Italy, and to sing with such sweetness that they lured mariners to destruction.
Siren (n.) Any long, slender amphibian of the genus Siren or family Sirenidae, destitute of hind legs and pelvis, and having permanent external gills as well as lungs. They inhabit the swamps, lagoons, and ditches of the Southern United States. The more common species (Siren lacertina) is dull lead-gray in color, and becames two feet long.
Size (n.) An allowance of food and drink from the buttery, aside from the regular dinner at commons; -- corresponding to battel at Oxford.
Size (n.) An instrument consisting of a number of perforated gauges fastened together at one end by a rivet, -- used for ascertaining the size of pearls.
Sized (a.) Having a particular size or magnitude; -- chiefly used in compounds; as, large-sized; common-sized.
Silencer (n.) The muffler of an internal-combustion engine.
Sleep (v. t.) To be slumbering in; -- followed by a cognate object; as, to sleep a dreamless sleep.
Sleeved (a.) Having sleeves; furnished with sleeves; -- often in composition; as, long-sleeved.
Slue (v. t.) To turn about a fixed point, usually the center or axis, as a spar or piece of timber; to turn; -- used also of any heavy body.
Slue (v. t.) In general, to turn about; to twist; -- often used reflexively and followed by round.
Slue (v. i.) To turn about; to turn from the course; to slip or slide and turn from an expected or desired course; -- often followed by round.
Sneezeweed (n.) A yellow-flowered composite plant (Helenium autumnale) the odor of which is said to cause sneezing.
Sober (superl.) Not mad or insane; not wild, visionary, or heated with passion; exercising cool, dispassionate reason; self-controlled; self-possessed.
Sober (v. i.) To become sober; -- often with down.
Sole (n.) Any one of several American flounders somewhat resembling the true sole in form or quality, as the California sole (Lepidopsetta biSole (n.) The bottom of the body of a plow; -- called also slade; also, the bottom of a furrow.
Sole (n.) The seat or bottom of a mine; -- applied to horizontal veins or lodes.
Some (a.) Consisting of a greater or less portion or sum; composed of a quantity or number which is not stated; -- used to express an indefinite quantity or number; as, some wine; some water; some persons. Used also pronominally; as, I have some.
Some (a.) A certain; one; -- indicating a person, thing, event, etc., as not known individually, or designated more specifically; as, some man, that is, some one man.
Some (a.) About; near; more or less; -- used commonly with numerals, but formerly also with a singular substantive of time or distance; as, a village of some eighty houses; some two or three persons; some hour hence.
Some (a.) Certain; those of one part or portion; -- in distinct from other or others; as, some men believe one thing, and others another.
Some (a.) A part; a portion; -- used pronominally, and followed sometimes by of; as, some of our provisions.
Sore (superl.) Tender to the touch; susceptible of pain from pressure; inflamed; painful; -- said of the body or its parts; as, a sore hand.
Sowens (n. pl.) A nutritious article of food, much used in Scotland, made from the husk of the oat by a process not unlike that by which common starch is made; -- called flummery in England.
Sphene (n.) A mineral found usually in thin, wedge-shaped crystals of a yellow or green to black color. It is a silicate of titanium and calcium; titanite.
Sphenogram (n.) A cuneiform, or arrow-headed, character.
Sphenoid (a.) Wedge-shaped; as, a sphenoid crystal.
Sphenoid (n.) A wedge-shaped crystal bounded by four equal isosceles triangles. It is the hemihedral form of a square pyramid.
Spheral (a.) Rounded like a sphere; sphere-shaped; hence, symmetrical; complete; perfect.
Spiegel iron () A fusible white cast iron containing a large amount of carbon (from three and a half to six per cent) and some manganese. When the manganese reaches twenty-five per cent and upwards it has a granular structure, and constitutes the alloy ferro manganese, largely used in the manufacture of Bessemer steel. Called also specular pig iron, spiegel, and spiegeleisen.
Splendiferous (a.) Splendor-bearing; splendid.
Splenium (n.) The thickened posterior border of the corpus callosum; -- so called in allusion to its shape.
Spread (v. t.) To divulge; to publish, as news or fame; to cause to be more extensively known; to disseminate; to make known fully; as, to spread a report; -- often acompanied by abroad.
Squeaker (n.) The Australian gray crow shrile (Strepera anaphonesis); -- so called from its note.
Squeeze (v. i.) To press; to urge one's way, or to pass, by pressing; to crowd; -- often with through, into, etc.; as, to squeeze hard to get through a crowd.
Squeezer (n.) A machine like a large pair of pliers, for shingling, or squeezing, the balls of metal when puddled; -- used only in the plural.
Squeezer (n.) A machine of several forms for the same purpose; -- used in the singular.
Steed (n.) A horse, especially a spirited horse for state of war; -- used chiefly in poetry or stately prose.
Steelhead (n.) A North Pacific salmon (Salmo Gairdneri) found from Northern California to Siberia; -- called also hardhead, and preesil.
Steelyard (n.) A form of balance in which the body to be weighed is suspended from the shorter arm of a lever, which turns on a fulcrum, and a counterpoise is caused to slide upon the longer arm to produce equilibrium, its place upon this arm (which is notched or graduated) indicating the weight; a Roman balance; -- very commonly used also in the plural form, steelyards.
Steer (v. t.) To castrate; -- said of male calves.
Steer (n.) To direct the course of; to guide; to govern; -- applied especially to a vessel in the water.
Steeve (v. i.) To project upward, or make an angle with the horizon or with the Steeve (v. t.) To elevate or fix at an angle with the horizon; -- said of the bowsprit, etc.
Steeve (n.) The angle which a bowsprit makes with the horizon, or with the Sthenic (a.) Strong; active; -- said especially of morbid states attended with excessive action of the heart and blood vessels, and characterized by strength and activity of the muscular and nervous system; as, a sthenic fever.
Strength (n.) Power to resist force; solidity or toughness; the quality of bodies by which they endure the application of force without breaking or yielding; -- in this sense opposed to frangibility; as, the strength of a bone, of a beam, of a wall, a rope, and the like.
Strength (n.) Vigor or style; force of expression; nervous diction; -- said of literary work.
Strength (n.) Intensity; -- said of light or color.
Strength (n.) Intensity or degree of the distinguishing and essential element; spirit; virtue; excellence; -- said of liquors, solutions, etc.; as, the strength of wine or of acids.
Strepsiptera (n. pl.) A group of small insects having the anterior wings rudimentary, and in the form of short and slender twisted appendages, while the posterior ones are large and membranous. They are parasitic in the larval state on bees, wasps, and the like; -- called also Rhipiptera. See Illust. under Rhipipter.
Strepsorhine (a.) Having twisted nostrils; -- said of the lemurs.
Streptobacteria (n. pl.) A so-called variety of bacterium, consisting in reality of several bacteria linked together in the form of a chain.
Stress (n.) Pressure, strain; -- used chiefly of immaterial things; except in mechanics; hence, urgency; importance; weight; significance.
Stress (n.) Force of utterance expended upon words or syllables. Stress is in English the chief element in accent and is one of the most important in emphasis. See Guide to pronunciation, // 31-35.
Strew (v. t.) To scatter; to spread by scattering; to cast or to throw loosely apart; -- used of solids, separated or separable into parts or particles; as, to strew seed in beds; to strew sand on or over a floor; to strew flowers over a grave.
Strewing (n.) Anything that is, or may be, strewed; -- used chiefly in the plural.
Suberization (n.) Conversion of the cell walls into cork tissue by development of suberin; -- commonly taking place in exposed tissues, as when a callus forms over a wound. Suberized cell walls are impervious to water.
Supertax (n.) A tax in addition to the usual or normal tax; specif., in the United Kingdom, an income tax of sixpence for every pound in addition to the normal income tax of one shilling and twopence for every pound, imposed, by the Finance Act of 1909-1910 (c. 8, ss 66, 72), on the amount by which the income of any person exceeds /3,000 when his total income exceeds /5,000.
Superannuate (v. i.) To last beyond the year; -- said of annual plants.
Superdominant (n.) The sixth tone of the scale; that next above the dominant; -- called also submediant.
Superficial (a.) Reaching or comprehending only what is obvious or apparent; not deep or profound; shallow; -- said especially in respect to study, learning, and the like; as, a superficial scholar; superficial knowledge.
Superior (a.) Beyond the power or influence of; too great or firm to be subdued or affected by; -- with to.
Superior (a.) Above the ovary; -- said of parts of the flower which, although normally below the ovary, adhere to it, and so appear to originate from its upper part; also of an ovary when the other floral organs are plainly below it in position, and free from it.
Superior (a.) Pointing toward the apex of the fruit; ascending; -- said of the radicle.
Superlative (a.) Expressing the highest or lowest degree of the quality, manner, etc., denoted by an adjective or an adverb. The superlative degree is formed from the positive by the use of -est, most, or least; as, highest, most pleasant, least bright.
Superlunary (a.) Being above the moon; not belonging to this world; -- opposed to sublunary.
Supermundane (a.) Being above the world; -- opposed to inframundane.
Supernacular (a.) Like supernaculum; first-rate; as, a supernacular wine.
Supernaculum (adv. & n.) A kind of mock Latin term intended to mean, upon the nail; -- used formerly by topers.
Supernaturalism (n.) The doctrine of a divine and supernatural agency in the production of the miracles and revelations recorded in the Bible, and in the grace which renews and sanctifies men, -- in opposition to the doctrine which denies the agency of any other than physical or natural causes in the case.
Superroyal (a.) Larger than royal; -- said of a particular size of printing and writing paper. See the Note under Paper, n.
Supervisor (n.) A spectator; a looker-on.
Supervolute (a.) Having a plainted and convolute arrangement in the bud, as in the morning-glory.
Sweep (v. i.) To brush swiftly over the surface of anything; to pass with switness and force, as if brushing the surface of anything; to move in a stately manner; as, the wind sweeps across the plain; a woman sweeps through a drawing-room.
Sweet (superl.) Having an agreeable taste or flavor such as that of sugar; saccharine; -- opposed to sour and bitter; as, a sweet beverage; sweet fruits; sweet oranges.
Sweet (n.) That which is sweet to the taste; -- used chiefly in the plural.
Sweet (n.) Home-made wines, cordials, metheglin, etc.
Sweet (n.) One who is dear to another; a darling; -- a term of endearment.
Sweetbrier (n.) A kind of rose (Rosa rubiginosa) with minutely glandular and fragrant foliage. The small-flowered sweetbrier is Rosa micrantha.
Sweeten (a.) To make warm and fertile; -- opposed to sour; as, to dry and sweeten soils.
Sweeting (n.) A darling; -- a word of endearment.
Sweetmeat (n.) Fruit preserved with sugar, as peaches, pears, melons, nuts, orange peel, etc.; -- usually in the plural; a confect; a confection.
Sweetwater (n.) A variety of white grape, having a sweet watery juice; -- also called white sweetwater, and white muscadine.
Syneresis (n.) The union, or drawing together into one syllable, of two vowels that are ordinarily separated in syllabification; synecphonesis; -- the opposite of diaeresis.
Syne (adv.) Late, -- as opposed to soon.
Tabes (n.) Progressive emaciation of the body, accompained with hectic fever, with no well-marked logical symptoms.
Tacet (v.impers.) It is silent; -- a direction for a vocal or instrumental part to be silent during a whole movement.
Take (v. t.) To obtain possession of by force or artifice; to get the custody or control of; to reduce into subjection to one's power or will; to capture; to seize; to make prisoner; as, to take am army, a city, or a ship; also, to come upon or befall; to fasten on; to attack; to seize; -- said of a disease, misfortune, or the like.
Take (v. t.) To assume; to adopt; to acquire, as shape; to permit to one's self; to indulge or engage in; to yield to; to have or feel; to enjoy or experience, as rest, revenge, delight, shame; to form and adopt, as a resolution; -- used in general senses, limited by a following complement, in many idiomatic phrases; as, to take a resolution; I take the liberty to say.
Take (v. t.) To remove; to withdraw; to deduct; -- with from; as, to take the breath from one; to take two from four.
Take (v. t.) To accept the word or offer of; to receive and accept; to bear; to submit to; to enter into agreement with; -- used in general senses; as, to take a form or shape.
Take (v. i.) To move or direct the course; to resort; to betake one's self; to proceed; to go; -- usually with to; as, the fox, being hard pressed, took to the hedge.
Talent (v. t.) Intellectual ability, natural or acquired; mental endowment or capacity; skill in accomplishing; a special gift, particularly in business, art, or the like; faculty; a use of the word probably originating in the Scripture parable of the talents (Matt. xxv. 14-30).
TapeTare (n.) A weed that grows among wheat and other grain; -- alleged by modern naturalists to be the Lolium temulentum, or darnel.
Tape (v. t.) to record on audio tape or video tape; -- either directly, at the scene of the action tape, or indirectly, as from a broadcast of the action.
Tedesco (a.) German; -- used chiefly of art, literature, etc.
Telega (n.) A rude four-wheeled, springless wagon, used among the Russians.
Telenergy (n.) Display of force or energy at a distance, or without contact; -- applied to mediumistic phenomena.
Telengiscope (n.) An instrument of such focal length that it may be used as an observing telescope for objects close at hand or as a long-focused microscope.
Telescopical (a.) Able to discern objects at a distance; farseeing; far-reaching; as, a telescopic eye; telescopic vision.
Teleutospore (n.) The thick-celled winter or resting spore of the rusts (order Uredinales), produced in late summer. See Illust. of Uredospore.
Tenebrae (n.) The matins and lauds for the last three days of Holy Week, commemorating the sufferings and death of Christ, -- usually sung on the afternoon or evening of Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday, instead of on the following days.
Tenement (n.) Any species of permanent property that may be held, so as to create a tenancy, as lands, houses, rents, commons, an office, an advowson, a franchise, a right of common, a peerage, and the like; -- called also free / frank tenements.
Teneriffe (n.) A white wine resembling Madeira in taste, but more tart, produced in Teneriffe, one of the Canary Islands; -- called also Vidonia.
Tenesmus (n.) An urgent and distressing sensation, as if a discharge from the intestines must take place, although none can be effected; -- always referred to the lower extremity of the rectum.
Terebene (n.) A polymeric modification of terpene, obtained as a white crystalTerebrant (a.) Boring, or adapted for boring; -- said of certain Hymenoptera, as the sawflies.
Terebrating (a.) Boring; perforating; -- applied to molluskas which form holes in rocks, wood, etc.
Terebrating (a.) Boring; piercing; -- applied to certain kinds of pain, especially to those of locomotor ataxia.
Teredo (n.) A genus of long, slender, wormlike bivalve mollusks which bore into submerged wood, such as the piles of wharves, bottoms of ships, etc.; -- called also shipworm. See Shipworm. See Illust. in App.
Terephthalic (a.) Of, pertaining to, or designating, a dibasic acid of the aromatic series, metameric with phthalic acid, and obtained, as a tasteless white crystalThresher (n.) A large and voracious shark (Alopias vulpes), remarkable for the great length of the upper lobe of its tail, with which it beats, or thrashes, its prey. It is found both upon the American and the European coasts. Called also fox shark, sea ape, sea fox, slasher, swingle-tail, and thrasher shark.
Tide (prep.) The alternate rising and falling of the waters of the ocean, and of bays, rivers, etc., connected therewith. The tide ebbs and flows twice in each lunar day, or the space of a little more than twenty-four hours. It is occasioned by the attraction of the sun and moon (the influence of the latter being three times that of the former), acting unequally on the waters in different parts of the earth, thus disturbing their equilibrium. A high tide upon one side of the earth is accompani>
Tilefish (n.) A large, edible, deep-water food fish (Lopholatilus chamaeleonticeps) more or less thickly covered with large, round, yellow spots.
Time (n.) The period at which any definite event occurred, or person lived; age; period; era; as, the Spanish Armada was destroyed in the time of Queen Elizabeth; -- often in the plural; as, ancient times; modern times.
Timeserver (n.) One who adapts his opinions and manners to the times; one who obsequiously compiles with the ruling power; -- now used only in a bad sense.
Tined (a.) Furnished with tines; as, a three-tined fork.
Tome (n.) As many writings as are bound in a volume, forming part of a larger work; a book; -- usually applied to a ponderous volume.
Tone (n.) The general effect of a picture produced by the combination of light and shade, together with color in the case of a painting; -- commonly used in a favorable sense; as, this picture has tone.
Toned (a.) Having (such) a tone; -- chiefly used in composition; as, high-toned; sweet-toned.
Tope (n.) A small shark or dogfish (Galeorhinus, / Galeus, galeus), native of Europe, but found also on the coasts of California and Tasmania; -- called also toper, oil shark, miller's dog, and penny dog.
Tore (n.) The solid inclosed by such a surface; -- sometimes called an anchor ring.
Toreumatography (n.) A description of sculpture such as bas-relief in metal.
Toreumatology (n.) The art or the description of scupture such as bas-relief in metal; toreumatography.
Tote (v. t.) To carry or bear; as, to tote a child over a stream; -- a colloquial word of the Southern States, and used esp. by negroes.
Tone (n.) Color quality proper; -- called also hue. Also, a gradation of color, either a hue, or a tint or shade.
Tree (n.) A piece of timber, or something commonly made of timber; -- used in composition, as in axletree, boottree, chesstree, crosstree, whiffletree, and the like.
Treebeard (n.) A pendulous branching lichen (Usnea barbata); -- so called from its resemblance to hair.
Tuber (n.) A fleshy, rounded stem or root, usually containing starchy matter, as the potato or arrowroot; a thickened root-stock. See Illust. of Tuberous.
Tuxedo (n.) A kind of black coat for evening dress made without skirts; -- so named after a fashionable country club at Tuxedo Park, New York.
Tweedle (v. t.) To handle lightly; -- said with reference to awkward fiddling; hence, to influence as if by fiddling; to coax; to allure.
Udder (n.) The glandular organ in which milk is secreted and stored; -- popularly called the bag in cows and other quadrupeds. See Mamma.
Ullet (n.) A European owl (Syrnium aluco) of a tawny color; -- called also uluia.
Ulterior (a.) Situated beyond, or on the farther side; thither; -- correlative with hither.
Umbellated (a.) Bearing umbels; pertaining to an umbel; umbel-like; as, umbellate plants or flowers.
Umbelliferone (n.) A tasteless white crystalUmbelliferous (a.) Of or pertaining to a natural order (Umbelliferae) of plants, of which the parsley, carrot, parsnip, and fennel are well-known examples.
Umbellularia (n.) A genus of deep-sea alcyonaria consisting of a cluster of large flowerlike polyps situated at the summit of a long, slender stem which stands upright in the mud, supported by a bulbous base.
Umber (a.) Of or pertaining to umber; resembling umber; olive-brown; dark brown; dark; dusky.
Unbegotten (a.) Not begot; not yet generated; also, having never been generated; self-existent; eternal.
Unbending (a.) Not bending; not suffering flexure; not yielding to pressure; stiff; -- applied to material things.
Unbending (a.) Unyielding in will; not subject to persuasion or influence; inflexible; resolute; -- applied to persons.
Unbending (a.) Unyielding in nature; unchangeable; fixed; -- applied to abstract ideas; as, unbending truths.
Unde (a.) Waving or wavy; -- applied to ordinaries, or division Undecane (n.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C11H24, of the methane series, found in petroleum; -- so called from its containing eleven carbon atoms in the molecule.
Under (prep.) Below or lower, in place or position, with the idea of being covered; lower than; beneath; -- opposed to over; as, he stood under a tree; the carriage is under cover; a cellar extends under the whole house.
Under (adv.) In a lower, subject, or subordinate condition; in subjection; -- used chiefly in a few idiomatic phrases; as, to bring under, to reduce to subjection; to subdue; to keep under, to keep in subjection; to control; to go under, to be unsuccessful; to fail.
Under (a.) Lower in position, intensity, rank, or degree; subject; subordinate; -- generally in composition with a noun, and written with or without the hyphen; as, an undercurrent; undertone; underdose; under-garment; underofficer; undersheriff.
Underbred (a.) Not thoroughly bred; ill-bred; as, an underbred fellow.
Underdo (v. i.) To do less than is requisite or proper; -- opposed to overdo.
Underdo (v. t.) To do less thoroughly than is requisite; specifically, to cook insufficiently; as, to underdo the meat; -- opposed to overdo.
Underglaze (a.) Applied under the glaze, that is, before the glaze, that is, before the glaze is put on; fitted to be so applied; -- said of colors in porcelain painting.
Underhand (adv.) In an underhand manner; -- said of pitching or bowling.
Underhanded (a.) Insufficiently provided with hands or workers; short-handed; sparsely populated.
Underhung (a.) Resting on a track at the bottom, instead of being suspended; -- said of a sliding door.
Underlay (v. i.) To incUnderlay (n.) The inclination of a vein, fault, or lode from the vertical; a hade; -- called also underlie.
Underlocker (n.) A person who inspects a mine daily; -- called also underviewer.
Undermanned (a.) Insufficiently furnished with men; short-handed.
Undermasted (a.) Having masts smaller than the usual dimension; -- said of vessels.
Undershirt (n.) A shirt worn next the skin, under another shirt; -- called also undervest.
Undershot (a.) Moved by water passing beneath; -- said of a water wheel, and opposed to overshot; as, an undershot wheel.
Undersleeve (n.) A sleeve of an under-garment; a sleeve worn under another,
Undersparred (a.) Having spars smaller than the usual dimension; -- said of vessels.
Underwitted (a.) Weak in intellect; half-witted; silly.
Underwood (n.) Small trees and bushes that grow among large trees; coppice; underbrush; -- formerly used in the plural.
Unfeeling (a.) Without kind feelings; cruel; hard-hearted.
Unmeet (a.) Not meet or fit; not proper; unbecoming; unsuitable; -- usually followed by for.
Unseasonable (a.) Not seasonable; being, done, or occurring out of the proper season; ill-timed; untimely; too early or too late; as, he called at an unseasonable hour; unseasonable advice; unseasonable frosts; unseasonable food.
Unseasoned (a.) Untimely; ill-timed.
Upset (v. t.) To disturb the self-possession of; to disorder the nerves of; to make ill; as, the fright upset her.
Upset (a.) Set up; fixed; determined; -- used chiefly or only in the phrase upset price; that is, the price fixed upon as the minimum for property offered in a public sale, or, in an auction, the price at which property is set up or started by the auctioneer, and the lowest price at which it will be sold.
Urceolus (n.) Any urn-shaped organ of a plant.
Usher (v. t.) To introduce or escort, as an usher, forerunner, or harbinger; to forerun; -- sometimes followed by in or forth; as, to usher in a stranger; to usher forth the guests; to usher a visitor into the room.
Utter (a.) hence, to put in circulation, as money; to put off, as currency; to cause to pass in trade; -- often used, specifically, of the issue of counterfeit notes or coins, forged or fraudulent documents, and the like; as, to utter coin or bank notes.
Valedictory (a.) Bidding farewell; suitable or designed for an occasion of leave-taking; as, a valedictory oration.
Valency (n.) A unit of combining power; a so-called bond of affinity.
Valentinian (n.) One of a school of Judaizing Gnostics in the second century; -- so called from Valentinus, the founder.
Valerylene (n.) A liquid hydrocarbon, C5H8; -- called also pentine.
Vase (n.) The body, or naked ground, of the Corinthian and Composite capital; -- called also tambour, and drum.
Venerable (a.) Capable of being venerated; worthy of veneration or reverence; deserving of honor and respect; -- generally implying an advanced age; as, a venerable magistrate; a venerable parent.
Verein (n.) A union, association, or society; -- used in names of German organizations.
Vinegarroon (n.) A whip scorpion, esp. a large Mexican species (Thelyphonus giganteus) popularly supposed to be very venomous; -- from the odor that it emits when alarmed.
Veretillum (n.) Any one of numerous species of club-shaped, compound Alcyonaria belonging to Veretillum and allied genera, of the tribe Pennatulacea. The whole colony can move about as if it were a simple animal.
Vice (n.) The buffoon of the old English moralities, or moral dramas, having the name sometimes of one vice, sometimes of another, or of Vice itself; -- called also Iniquity.
Viceroy (prep.) A large and handsome American butterfly (Basilarchia, / Limenitis, archippus). Its wings are orange-red, with black Vide () imperative sing. of L. videre, to see; -- used to direct attention to something; as, vide supra, see above.
Videlicet (adv.) To wit; namely; -- often abbreviated to viz.
Viperoides (n. pl.) A division of serpents which includes the true vipers of the Old World and the rattlesnakes and moccasin snakes of America; -- called also Viperina.
Vireo (n.) Any one of numerous species of American singing birds belonging to Vireo and allied genera of the family Vireonidae. In many of the species the back is greenish, or olive-colored. Called also greenlet.
Vitelligenous (a.) Producing yolk, or vitelVixen (n.) A cross, ill-tempered person; -- formerly used of either sex, now only of a woman.
Vowel (n.) A vocal, or sometimes a whispered, sound modified by resonance in the oral passage, the peculiar resonance in each case giving to each several vowel its distinctive character or quality as a sound of speech; -- distinguished from a consonant in that the latter, whether made with or without vocality, derives its character in every case from some kind of obstructive action by the mouth organs. Also, a letter or character which represents such a sound. See Guide to Pronunciation, // 5,>
Wader (n.) Any long-legged bird that wades in the water in search of food, especially any species of limicoWafer (n.) An adhesive disk of dried paste, made of flour, gelatin, isinglass, or the like, and coloring matter, -- used in sealing letters and other documents.
Wage (v. t.) That for which one labors; meed; reward; stipulated payment for service performed; hire; pay; compensation; -- at present generally used in the plural. See Wages.
Wake (v. i.) To be excited or roused from sleep; to awake; to be awakened; to cease to sleep; -- often with up.
Wane (v. i.) To be diminished; to decrease; -- contrasted with wax, and especially applied to the illuminated part of the moon.
Waterfowl (n.) Any bird that frequents the water, or lives about rivers, lakes, etc., or on or near the sea; an aquatic fowl; -- used also collectively.
Waterie (n.) The pied wagtail; -- so called because it frequents ponds.
Waterlandian (n.) One of a body of Dutch Anabaptists who separated from the Mennonites in the sixteenth century; -- so called from a district in North Holland denominated Waterland.
Waterleaf (n.) Any plant of the American genus Hydrophyllum, herbs having white or pale blue bell-shaped flowers.
Waterman (n.) A man who plies for hire on rivers, lakes, or canals, or in harbors, in distinction from a seaman who is engaged on the high seas; a man who manages fresh-water craft; a boatman; a ferryman.
Waterscape (n.) A sea view; -- distinguished from landscape.
Waterwork (n.) Painting executed in size or distemper, on canvas or walls, -- formerly, frequently taking the place of tapestry.
Waterwork (n.) An hydraulic apparatus, or a system of works or fixtures, by which a supply of water is furnished for useful or ornamental purposes, including dams, sluices, pumps, aqueducts, distributing pipes, fountains, etc.; -- used chiefly in the plural.
Waved (a.) Having undulations like waves; -- said of one of the Wele (n.) Prosperity; happiness; well-being; weal.
Wheel (n.) A circular frame turning about an axis; a rotating disk, whether solid, or a frame composed of an outer rim, spokes or radii, and a central hub or nave, in which is inserted the axle, -- used for supporting and conveying vehicles, in machinery, and for various purposes; as, the wheel of a wagon, of a locomotive, of a mill, of a watch, etc.
Wheeled (a.) Having wheels; -- used chiefly in composition; as, a four-wheeled carriage.
Wheeler (n.) A steam vessel propelled by a paddle wheel or by paddle wheels; -- used chiefly in the terms side-wheeler and stern-wheeler.
Wide (superl.) On one side or the other of the mark; too far side-wise from the mark, the wicket, the batsman, etc.
Wide (superl.) Made, as a vowel, with a less tense, and more open and relaxed, condition of the mouth organs; -- opposed to primary as used by Mr. Bell, and to narrow as used by Mr. Sweet. The effect, as explained by Mr. Bell, is due to the relaxation or tension of the pharynx; as explained by Mr. Sweet and others, it is due to the action of the tongue. The wide of / (/ve) is / (/ll); of a (ate) is / (/nd), etc. See Guide to Pronunciation, / 13-15.
Wife (n.) A woman; an adult female; -- now used in literature only in certain compounds and phrases, as alewife, fishwife, goodwife, and the like.
Wife (n.) The lawful consort of a man; a woman who is united to a man in wedlock; a woman who has a husband; a married woman; -- correlative of husband.
Wike (n.) A temporary mark or boundary, as a bough of a tree set up in marking out or dividing anything, as tithes, swaths to be mowed in common ground, etc.; -- called also wicker.
Wipe (v. t.) To remove by rubbing; to rub off; to obliterate; -- usually followed by away, off or out. Also used figuratively.
Wipe (v. t.) To cheat; to defraud; to trick; -- usually followed by out.
Wireworm (n.) One of the larvae of various species of snapping beetles, or elaters; -- so called from their slenderness and the uncommon hardness of the integument. Wireworms are sometimes very destructive to the roots of plants. Called also wire grub.
Wiseacre (v.) One who makes undue pretensions to wisdom; a would-be-wise person; hence, in contempt, a simpleton; a dunce.
Witenagemote (n.) A meeting of wise men; the national council, or legislature, of England in the days of the Anglo-Saxons, before the Norman Conquest.
Wivern (n.) A fabulous two-legged, winged creature, like a cockatrice, but having the head of a dragon, and without spurs.
Xebec (n.) A small three-masted vessel, with projecting bow stern and convex decks, used in the Mediterranean for transporting merchandise, etc. It carries large square sails, or both. Xebecs were formerly armed and used by corsairs.
Xeme (n.) An Arctic fork-tailed gull (Xema Sabinii).
Xylem (n.) That portion of a fibrovascular bundle which has developed, or will develop, into wood cells; -- distinguished from phloem.
Ycleped (p. p.) Called; named; -- obsolete, except in archaic or humorous writings.
Yite (n.) The European yellow-hammer.
Yokelet (n.) A small farm; -- so called as requiring but one yoke of oxen to till it.
Zetetic (n.) A seeker; -- a name adopted by some of the Pyrrhonists.
Zope (n.) A European fresh-water bream (Abramis ballerus).
Zone (n.) Any circular or ring-shaped area within which the street-car companies make no differences of fare.
Zone (n.) In the United States parcel-post system, any of the areas about any point of shipment for which but one rate of postage is charged for a parcel post shipment from that point. The rate increases from within outwards. The first zone includes the unit of area "(a quadrangle 30 minutes square)" in which the place of shipment is situated and the 8 contiguous units; the outer limits of the second to the seventh zones, respectively, are approximately 150, 300, 600, 1000, 1400, and 1800 mile>
About the author
Copyright © 2011 Mark McCracken
, All Rights Reserved.
Author: Mark McCracken is a corporate trainer and author living in Higashi Osaka, Japan. He is the author of thousands of online articles as well as the Business English textbook, "25 Business Skills in English".